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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 4, 1919

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Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:   STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL, AND B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTORY
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 27 EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 4, 1919
IMOUNTIES RAID HOMES AND
OFFICES OF LABOR MEN
I Federationist Office Forcibly Entered—B. C. Federation of Labor Records Seized—Many Homes
Visited—Some of the Seized Documents
Are Returned
Acting under orders from Winnipeg, the Royal North West Mounted police have during the week
raided the homes and offices of
members and officials of organized
labor. Monday morning before
many of the workers ln the city had
got out of bed, the homes of the
following were raided by members
of the mounted police, who were
evidently seeking tor evidence
ngalnBt the men arrested In Winnipeg some time ago. 'J. Kavanagh,
J. 0. Smith, A. S. Wells, Albert Hill,
W. A. Prltchard, V, E. Midgley, W.
H. Cottrell, Qeorge Thomas, and P.
McDonnell!. In addition to the
homes raided) the offices of the B.
C. Federatlonist, the Camp Worker, the Red Flag, and The Socialist
Party of Canada Headquarters
were visiting. There being no way
in which to enter the Federatlonist
office, lt not having been opened,
the front door glass panel was broken in, and on entry made In thst
manner. It was about seven o'clock
when the raids took place, At the
home ot A. 8. Wells, three mounted
men ln plain clothes carried out
their mission, taking everything
that they could lay their hands on
without Investigation. The entire
records of the B. C. Federation
of Labor since its inception were
gathered together and taken to the
'headquarters of the Mounted police.
The books cancelled checks, Invoices and all letters peraonal or otherwise were gathered In the net, and
If the authorities who had ordered
their seizure would only have read
them very carefully, they might
have found that ln the archives of
the Federation there were many
scraps of paper that proved only
too conclusively that Premiers,
Politicians and representatives of
Internationals, Trades Congress and
even the A. F. of h. promise but
never act, and that due to this
disregard of pledges given the rank
and file have determined to cease
begging for action, and have determined to organise so that they can
secure those things which they have
begged for so long. The home of
W. A. Prltchard not being occupied,
was broken into, and the place
ransacked. Perhaps the greatest
flnd made was the much wanted
(by the Citizens' League) strike
vote which was found at J. 0.
Smiths home, From the home of V.
R. Midgley a tew sheets of paper
was secured, but from the home of
the Secretary ot the B, C. F. ot L.
many parcels of books, pspers letters   and government   documents
W. A. PRITCHARD
IS BACK IN CITY
Went to Calgary for the
O.B.U. Confeernce—
Now Waits Trial
W. A. Prltchard who left home
* early In June to attend the 0. B. U.
Conference returned to Vancouver
on Tuesday morning. Many have
been his experience since he left
for Calgary. Going to Winnipeg in
, connection with the business of the
0. B. U. he landed at a time which
was fraught wltb all manner of
.possibilities, and one of them was
arrest. BUI was not arreBted ln
Winnipeg howevor, but in Calgary
on his way back to the coast with
Information as to the situation In
the Peg, After a few days In the
Calgary bastille, he was taken to
Stony Mountain Penetentiary and
later released on ball, and Is now
back home waiting the time when
he will return to Winnipeg for trial.
In the meantime the experiences
which he has gone through have
only confirmed his previous impressions as to the causes of the Win-
nipeg strike.
and all the correspondence books
and records of the Federation since
its Inception were taken. Later in
the week when some ot them were
returned, three sacks of mate**1-'
were neoeaaary to carry*' x_et*rS
and tbere ore still more -pto" r.,
when the investigators get through
with them, if quantity of material
Is sufficient to provo sedition, than
the secretary of the Federation is
doomed to the dungeons for life.
Needless to say that In all cases tho
matter seised is the usual organised labor correspondence and records, and working class literature.
The Federationist ofllce was thoroughly combed over, and much
material secured, amongst which
were a number of names and addresses of new subscribers, and if
any ot these persons who sent in
their sub. last week-end do not
get their papers they will realise
that It Is not the fault of the staff
at the Federatlonist, Letteis for
publication, and some articles written for the paper were seised, snd
consequently could not be published. The safe door was unlocked,
hut the Inner doors and drawers
being locked were broken open, and
their contents examined or taken
away. To the credit of the mount-
ies, the raids were carrledyout with
as little trouble or Inconvenience to
those ln the homes visited as possible, and every civility was shown
by the men, the only discreditable
acts being the breaking Into the
places which were locked, namely
the Federatlonist ofllce and the
home of W. A. Prltchard. The keys
could have very easily have been
obtained and a proper entry made,
without any attempt to evade the
search, this Is the second time with*
in recent months that the Fed office has been searched, the firat
time was by the city police, and in
that case entry was made during
business houra, when the ofllce was
wide open. Superintendent Hor-
rlgan ot the Mounted Police has
stated that all damage will be made
good, but while that will replace
the broken glass etc., it will,not
take away the sting which force-
able entry into premises which are
at all times open to the public, carries with It. Tbe inference ot such
an entry is that there was some-
thing to conceal. The same object
could have been gained hod It been
at noon or any other hour ot the
day, and there would have been no
objection taken. There was nothing to hide, the ofllce Ib open at all
times, and the police can at any
minute or hour of the day search
the premises, and there was no
need for burglar Uke tactics. The
men could, however, only carry out
their Instructions, and cannot be
blamed for the destruction, the
blame for that must rest on those
higher up.
While Vancouver homes and offices wer raided, the same procedure has been carried out ln all
parts ot the country, from Cumberland in the North, to Montreal In
the East, and from now on it would
appear that no place Is safe trom
investigation, some little time ago
lt was asked what the Monntles
were here for, there is now no
(Continued on pago 8)
The strike has not been lost. It
has won a complete victory oVer
the plutocrats Insofar aa educating
the workers to the knowledge of
their true position ln human society
Is concerned.
The 0. B. U. Is here to stay just
j* Is everything that Is in line with
Industrial and political progress.
b
|.i|ii|ll|ll|ii|ii|.i|l,|,i->.|li>ii>„t
__A-
Mass
Meeting
will be held tonight-
Friday, July 4th, 1919
in the Arena. Chair
to be taken at 8 p. m.
W. A. Pritchard and
others will speak.
( v.-^n.oo ) ?1.50 PER YEAR
JN BIG TIE-UP
Four-Day Strike in U. S.
to Demand New Trial
for Mooney
One million men will quit work
Friday for four days in the flrst
demonstration in behalf of Thos.
Mooney. This number represents
all organised trades and will affect
practically every city and town in
the United States.
The approximate unton vote cast
on the demonstration was 128,000
to 22,400. Considering that union
meetings draw 20 per cent, of their
attendance and that this does not
Include a number of heavy radical
labor organisations not affiliated
with the F. of U, the number of
workers affected is at least 1,000,*
000.
A tally ot the vote shows the
best response to be likely In Detroit,
Minneapolis, Chicago, Butte, Seattle and Taeoma, Great Falls, Mont.,
and Terre Haute, Ind. The biggest single craft ready to walk out
Is the United Mine Workers, with
a heavy membership ln Penna.
West Vs., the middle west and tar
west.
The clgarmakers' organisation of
which Samuel Oompers is a mem*
ber, voted to strike ln New Tork,
Boston, Florida, Chicago and other
places. Oompers' own local, ln
New York, will go out, It Is sold.
Carpenters In cities and towns aU
over the country, electricians,
bricklayers, hodcarrlers, Iron work*
ers, Iron moulders, a few railway
shopmen's organization, electrical
workers, painters, garment work-
era, packinghouse employeea, bakers and confectlbners and longshoremen are all on record for the
strike In the various sections.
In San Francisco, plumbers, car-
penters' unions, painters, two Ironworkers' unions, the needlecralt
tradee, with the exception of the
garment-workers and the longshoremen, will strike. In Los Angeles,
Oakland, Portland, Seattle and
Taeoma the demonstration will also
be felt.
The strikers will remain out four
days as a protest against Mooney's
conviction. They will then return
to work and If tbe new trial Is not
granted will walk out again Labor
Day for four days. There Is no gen*
era! leader of the strike, each union
handling Its own walkout.
General Strike Called
Off at 5 p.m. Thursday
.    ■*
Electrical Workers and Telephone Girls to Fight Against
Discrimination—Many Lessons to Be Learned—Labor
Daily Press Is Essential to the Workers—Collective Bargaining Issue Is Still in Existence
The general strike in Vancouver is off, but a strike is still in «hisens' leagues would suggest.   They -will be lessons in or-
existence, the electrical workers and the telephone girls being
still on strike against the discrimination against the telephone
operators. Finding that it was impossible to wreak their vengeance on any of the large organizations, the spleen is all directed at the girls, who responded to the call of their class. Two
outstanding features of the strike in Vancouver has been the
attitude of the crew of thc Makura and the telephone opera*
tors. In the case of the Australians, thousands of miles from
home and in no way affected by the strike or the results or
causes of it, these men have demonstrated once again that in so
far as the Australian workers are concerned, that they will never
desert thcir class, but will put up a fight in support of their fellow workers no matter in what country they may be in.
The action of the telephone girls in responding to the call
for a general strike has placed them in a class by themselves
amongst women workers in this province. With only a few
backsliders, these girls have won the admiration of all those who
admire grit and working class solidarity. That their action will
be remembered by the workers not only of this city, but by the
workers all over the continent for their loyalty, goes without
saying. If all the men had displayed thc same spirit, the strike
could not have been finished with them carrying on their fight
against discrimination, after the general strike was called off.
The strike was called off as a result of the telephone girls and
electricians taking the stand that they could fight the matter
of discrimination against the telephone operators alone. This
decision was arrived at on Wednesday night after a three and
a half hours' meeting, at which a resolution was passed urging
thc other organizations to return to work, as they were of the
opinion that Local 213 of the Electrical Workers and the Telephone Operators could fight the discrimination matter out them-
This was announced at the mass meeting held in the
Labor Temple on Thursday, and as a result the strike was called off at 5 p.m.
That there are lessons to be learnt from the strike no one will
deny.  They will not, however, be the lessons that the press and
STRIKE COMMITTEE MADE
FINAL BEPORT TO COUNCIL
Officers Are Nominated for Coming Term—Some
Discrimination Is Still Being Shown—Council
to Assist in Raising Funds for Defence
of Men Arrested
The strike boing over, the Trades striko committee had been instruct-
and   Labor   Council   meeting   last  --'-■• .......     . .. _
night assumed ita normal aspect,
and many matters wore discussed.
The nomination for officers resulted
as follows: For president, J. O.
Smith; for viee-president, Delegates
Hunt and Wood; general secretary,
J. Kavanagh; treasurer, F. Knowles;
guard, W. A. Alexander; trustees,
Motcalf, Haslett, Youngash, Sinclair, Hill, HcDonnell and Hatley;
auditors, Bobertson, Kavoll* and
youngash.
The roport of the strike committee started the ball rolling, and tho
debate waxed warm on many occasions. Del. Kavanagh stated that
hia work during the past week had
been strike work, and that he would
ask Del. Smith to report for the
strike committeo. Before doing so
he statod that the raids that had
been carried out all over tho country wero for the purpose of securing evidence to convict the mon arrested in Winnipeg; he also stated
that thoy had beon arrested before
thero was evidonce to convict them
on, and tho government had now to
make good, or to admit that the arrests wero mado in order to break
the Btrike.* In a humorous vein, he
stated that the mounted police when
they raided his homo had secured
two booklets on family limitations,
and thoy had been taken as incriminating evidence. He said that the
workers of this country would have
to watch vory carefully tho trials
in Winnipeg and to seo that thore
were no frame-ups such as had
taken plnco at different times in
the C. 8. A.
(imitation; lessons which have been dearly bought, but which
will bring results in the near future. The firBt lesson the
workers must learn is that only by organization and cohesion,
apt only in each centre, but throughout the' country, can they
resist the encroachments of capital. Another lesson that they
must learn is, that they cannot expect to have the truth told as
to their activities except through a press of their own. The
lies that have been told as to the strike in the daily press, and the
false news that has been circulated, have been nd mean factor
in the strike. Winnipeg isolated and surrounded by a cordon of
lying press correspondents, the workers could not learn the
truth as to tho situation there. This was in a largo measure responsible for the final situation in the Peg. The workers must
see that in the future they have a news service of thcir own.
They must have a daily paper in every city that is large enough
to support one, and so counteract the capitalistic press, which
oan only speak as those who pay the price call the tune.
• In spite of all the lies circulated, in spite of all the venom of
the ruling class, the workers have demonstrated that on a matter of principle they will act in unity, and while the strike has
been designated as an attempt to bring about a revolution, in
all the weeks that the strike has been in existence in the different oities, provoked as they were by the inflammatory statements of the so-called law and order crowd, the workers have
obeyed the law. They have never resisted the constituted authority, the law and order crowd in Winnipeg being the only
ones to do away with the usual law officers, and by so doing
brought about riots, which was their aim from the start. The
ytrike was called in support of the right of collective bargain-
ling; that is still the issue, and thc workers will, whenever this
right i8 threatened, again take action to defend it, and where
tftis right is now denied, the workers will undertake to organizo
themselves, so that they can at least bargain with their employers as they see fit. Governments, ministers of labor or anybody
else notwithstanding, the fight for collective bargaining will
still go on until the workers have it.
Strike Committee Report
Dol. Smith, reporting for tho
strike committeo, gavo a resume of
the happenings since last Friday,
stating that tho telephono girls and
tho electrical workors had decided
that they could handle the telephone
company if financial assistance was
given. Ho also stated that definite
information had been received to
the effect that tho military were
to be called upon to unload the Makura. As a result of this the mass
meoting in tho Labor Temple had
decided to adopt the recommendation of the strike committoe nnd to
enll tho strike off at 5 p.m. He also
stated that in spite of the press reports; that -the strike hail been a
success, and that the fact that 45
organizations had responded proved
that labor would aot in unity whenever labor was threatened. He urged a campaign of organization, nnd
said the workers must adopt as thcir
slogan, "a day's pay for a daily
papor.
Hie Strike Vote
Referring to tho mnny statements
as to tho non-publicntion of tho
strike voto, ho statod that ho would
give tho figures and thua givo tho
lio to the statement that had been
made to tho effect that they would
never be publishod. Ho said that
there hud voted in favor of the
strike, 3303; against, 2*199; a majority in favor of 806. Twenty-two
organizations had voted in favor
nnd 15 against, a majority of seven
organizations in favor, and as the
cd by the council to call tho strike
on a majority vote, the committee
had obeyed those instructions. Ho
also referred to the organizations
that had voted on the day of tha
strike in support of tho committee's
action, and which wcro not Included
in the total, and that some organisations had voted In favor but had hot
given tho figures, as was tho case of
some of the locals that had voted
against, but as no figures wore given
they were not counted. Thc number
of organizations so voting were
threo in each ease. He stated that
the reason that tho voto had not
been given out before was so that
tho week spots would not bo exposed for tho other side to act upon.
The question of the Metal Tradea
Council executive's action was then
brought out* by a question by one ol
tho delegates, to which Del. Welsh
replied that the reason a vote was
taken by the Metal Trades CouncU
was becauso the strike was called by
a referondum, and thnt wns the way
in which it Bhould be called off, and
not by a voto at a mass meeting.
Dol. Kavanagh stated that tho Motal
Trades Council was a subsidiary
body to tho Trades Council, ana
when thc Trades Council took a vote
it took a vote of all the locals; he
also pointed .out tbat a strike committee had been appointed to carry,
on tho strike, and that tho committee was representative of the different metal trados. A good deal of
debate was indulged in as to the
position of tho Metal Trades Council, in which it was pointod out that
that body had one member on the*
strike committee. The roport of the
committee wus ndoptod.
Tho Freight Handlers reported
that they were being discriminated
against to tho extent of 80 per cent.
The Teamsters reported that the
Cartage Association would not meet
them, nnd that after they had been
stampeded back to work by their
cxecntive, that the members had
again gone on strike.
Del. Alexander stated that so far
as the Steam Engineers were concerned, thoy wore being diserlmin-   ■
ated against far more than any other..
organisation, and that in the shipyards they were to be discriminated
againat because they kod joingd th*
0. B. U., and that if thia was to*, go
on, membera of international unions
would be  working with scabs in
preference  to   the  men who hid
struck along with them in the ship.
(Continued on pago 8)
Another Says That Soldiers Should Stay and
Put Things Right
"If things are bad In Canada, It's
our duty to stay in Canada and Bee
them righted."
This waa the view expressed at a
0. W. V. A. banquet in the Hotel
Vancouver on Saturday night by
Delegate A. Mackensle Forbes ot
Quebec, ln opposition to that of a
returned man wbo was going back
to Engalnd, giving as his reason,
"The Internal management of this
eountry Is such that I can't stay ln
lh any longer." The speakers emphasised the word "internal" lest
It Bhould be mistaken for something
else.
Following the banquet, about
throe dozen pious resolutions wero
either endorsed or rejected, the
practical results being probably the
same in either event. One went so
far as to call for the surrender ot
business profits In excess of 10 per
cent.; an amendment would havo
reduced the figure to 8 per cent, but
this was lost.
Comrade C. O'Halloran of Victoria made a game flght for his resolution calling for the government's resignation, failing an order-
in-councll to deal swiftly and sharply with the profiteers by stiff fines
and jail terms; but without success.
According to his figures the cost of
living per fcftilly was (20.99 per
week in March of this year, as
against (12.65 a year earlier, and
(7.63 just before the'war.
Aa soon as you know the new
address, when you intend to move,
make it a point to Inform the post
offlce or the postman. Forms are
provided for this purpose,
CAN ACT HI
Cannery Reduces Wages
to Fifteen Cents Per
Hour for Girls
Here's a chance tor the Citlsens
League to take up the battle on behalf of labor If It Is bo desirous ot
proving to lsbor that It is formed
for the purpose of looking after the
Interests of the poor workera who
are continually being led Into scraps
by labor leaders.
It's a battle on behalf of the weak,
er sex whom this league seems to
wish to protect from the alleged
machinations ot the Bolsheviki.
And lt would be very good policy
for the league to let the general
public know ot the results of, its
efforts through the medium of Its
Bulletin.
The Dominion Cannery Company,
fruit packers on Front St., have discharged a number ot Its girl employees because they objected to
the company reducing the wages
from 25 cents per hour to 15 cents
per hour and straight time for overtime.
If the citlsens league thinks that
16 cents an hour (or this work is
plenty to provide a girl with food,
clothing, shelter and recreation,
then we will expect lt to leave the
matter entirely alone. These girls
were discharged on Wednesday
morning and have not yet been
taken back, so there is plenty of
time for this labor loving league to
get busy. Let's hear all about lt
ln tbe Bulletin.
Just fancy tbat mob of real estate
sharks, lawyers and other bums
talking about law and order and
peaceful picketing. No wonder the
strikers wore a continuous smile.
I EMPRESS
Special Appeal for Defence  Funds  to Be
Made Sunday
On Sunday evening the Socialist
Party of Canada will make a special
appeal for subscriptions to the defence fund of W. A. Prltchard and
all the men who were arrested ln
Winnipeg for taking a leading part
In the strike. A large sum ot money
felll be required for this purpose
because the government haB engaged the seven largest firms of
lawyers in Winnipeg to prosecute
them. Joe Knight has lately come
from Winnipeg, having visited Calgary and Edmonton on his return,
so he will be able to describe the
actual facts of what Ib going on in
this country esst of the Rocky
Mountains. It, therefore, behooves
every working man and woman
hlth red blood In their veins to
'come forward and do their utmost
oh this occasion to secure the release of theBe men whose crime lies
In tbe fact that they champion the
cause of the working class. The
full proceeds of the meeting will
go to the Defence Fund.
, Doors open 7.30 p.m. Chair 8
p.m.
A bill Is being rushed through
the Canadian House ot Commons
to Increase the militia forces from
G.00O to 10,000. This would appear
to suggest that the Jingoes are still
active.
L
The union men who are still
members ot unions afflliated with
the A. F. of L. do not need any
advice from the gang of horse-
thieves who are known as the Citlsens league.
Prince Rupert Labor Men
Ask Borden If There
Are Two Laws
The Prince Rupert Trades and
Labor Council unanimously passed
the following resolutions at Its last
meeting and forwarded lt to the
commander ln chief of the plutocratic army,      ,
"The Rt. Hon. Sir R. L. Borden,
Premier ot Canada.
Sir,
Seeing that deportations are the
order of the day, of those whose
acUons and activities are supposedly inimical to the welfare ot the
Canadian People, this Prince Rup*
eit Trades and Labor Council res*
pecttully suggest that alongside
from each man from. Labour's
ranks slated for deportation
prison, you range one trom the big
profiteers—Mr. Flavelle could head
your list.
Our reason for this suggestion
being that we consider that these
profiteers are the oppressors of the
People. They are In part, if not
wholly, responsible for the terribly
high cost of living that is so agitating and disturbing the great mass
of humanity today.
We ask you to take action and
Bhow Canadian Labor that there Is
not one law for the Poor and an
other for the Rich—a slave class
and a master class—as bo many
maintain,"
Teamsters and Warehousemen
Mombers are reminded that next
Wodnesday, July 9, is our regular
meeting night and all members are
cordially invited to attend.
E
(El
High-handed Activities
Not in Keeping With
Democracy
The Vancouver branch of the Ex-
Soldiers and Sailors' Labor Council of Canada ln session on the 30th
Ultimate passed the following resolution:
"Resolved that this Organization
of Ex-Soldiers and Sailors! having
taken cognizance of the action of
the Authorities in Vancouver, in
unceremoniously raiding tho premises of Institutions and Organizations composed of members of tbe
Working CIobs and maintained by
members of the Working Class for
Working Class welfare; protest
against such action having been
taken.
Further;—That this Organization
of Ex-Soldiers and Sailors having
noted that the representatives of
Authority, as at present constituted
in the Dominion or Canada, did
remove certain articles ot furniture
or fixtures as well as records, docu-
uionts, etc., the property of tho
membership of thoso Working Class
Organizations and the supporters
of these Working Class Institutions,
conclude that the Constituted
Authority of the Dominion of Canada does not consider the interruption to the business of the Organizations and Institutions affected as
worthy of consideration by the
Goverincutal Departments of this
Dominion.
Further:—As this Organization of
Ex-Soldiers and Sailors Is sufficiently familiar with tho Organizations and InBtltutfoiiB raided to feci
assured that nothing of a Criminal
nature would be In their possession
or on thoir premises, and that as
there Is no nppnrcnt reason for tho
assumption of Criminal Intent, on
the part ot these Organizations and
Institutions, by the Authorities, as
the activities of the Organizations
affected havo been under continuous scrutiny hy tho Authorities for
the past few years; Wo (he members* of tho ExSoldlers nnd Sajlors
Labour Council of the Dominion
will re-examine lho Wartime pro-
poganda of tho Country In whose
Armed Forces wc served, with a
view to a better understanding of
tho Authority then and now."
Now we must get busy to strike
at the ballot box. Use both weapons, Industrial and political.
'El
They Were Not Sure So
Took Anything That
Looked Worthwhile
When tbo North West Mounted
Police raided tbo offices of The B.
C. Foderationist they did not know
what they wanted except thnt anything that looked suspiciously like
documents or correspondence might
bo of value to the authorities in
framing up a cuse against anyone
and everyone connected with the
labor movement. As was to bo ex.
pected, thero was aU kinds of correspondence in the office, and thii
was immediately confiscated and despatched to those who will have the
job of framing up n case. Homo of
tho corrcspon donee was for subscriptions to tho paper, hence quite a
numbor of workers will be deprived
of the paper on account of this until
tho matter can be straightoned out.
Another item tbnt tho polico took
nlong with them was correspondence
for publication, hence if your'artielo doos not uppear you will know
thut it is in very snfo keeping, and
may be used us evidence against you
for daring to voico your opinion
against a Bystem of robbery, exploitation, misery and anarchy.
The bosses were not starved Into
submission. Labor must continue
to feed this gang of robbers and
exploiters.
General    Teamsters,
Chauffeurs & Warehousemen
Local 655
All members are
hereby notified that
unless they register
in the office on or before July 25th, they
will be struck off the
mailing list of The
Federationist. f AGE TWO
bleventhteab. wo-T     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. o.
PMDAT...
...July  t, 1!
Men's Suits at
$21
Regular $30.00 to $50.00 Values
A complete clearance of all odd and single Suits.
EXTRA VALUES.
Arnold & Quigley
546 GRANVILLE STREET
Philosophy of a Fool
Those that aro Fools, let them use their talents."—Twelfth Sttitt.
I have not much respect for whntf And selfishness is ths grew. _
talism. X
And it is selfishness which
..    ...      .    ..    Bovolution is going to d<
be something sadly lacking in his --   •
is known as the Law.   No Fool has.
If he held the Law in honor thero'd
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Whero An Friends int When rod?
Action Francaiso (Paris, Boyalist).
Bainville complains that in spite
Of heavy blows rained on Lenine
ud Trotsky from every quarter
their power remains unbroken. If
only the anti-Bolsheviks could agree
among themselves!
If you would know what his
friends think of Kolchak and Tu*
denich, read No. 17 of the bulletin
of the Ukrainian press whieh announces that Kolchak and Yudenioh
■re simply traitors belonging to a
certain Oermano-Bussian club with
headquarters at Stockholm, and
whose president is Von der Golts.
Such is the cordiality of the relationship between the different elements opposed to Bolshevism. We
must add this detail. Somo Finnish
troops were recently prepared to
march to Petrograd. Aa an English
colleague observed, this nows would
be about as welcome to Bussians as
a telegram announcing tha coming
relief of Liverpool by Irish troops
would be to the English.
Ws An dotting BUb
An Ottawa paper carries a'sf scial
telegram from Chicago which reads
as follows: "Bolshevism under the
management of the 'committee of
live' is financially prosperous in Chicago. It was asserted today that
with the arrest at Winnipeg of B. B.
Russell, a red missionary, Chicago
radicals, finding themselves with
more money than they needed for
local propaganda, sent 125,000
through Russia and other sources to
establish Soviet rule in the Dominion of Canada."
To membera ot ear union in Canada
t epeeltl rata tor Tht Federation!!!,
11.85 ptr year—ii a club ot to or
more la eent in.	
Semi-ready
Tailoring
"Tha survival of the fittest is to be
seen in business every day—for ths business which is not founded on the right
corner stone soon disappears.
"Semi-ready tailoring approaches Its
Silver anniversary. For a quarter century
it has been the one progressive and aggressive wholosale tailoring organisation
which pleads for conservation and stands
for good old Britiah stability and dependability. One can travel from Hong Kong
to London and bs dressed In good fon:i
wilh a Semi-ready tailored design —ior
it's cosmopolitan.
"Semi-ready was launched in 1199.
Oood things survive.
"The priee label la in the pocket—the
same prico west as cast—which means a
lot today whon clothes cost so muoh mere
thnn they ought to."
Thomas & McBain
Sols Loeal Agents
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The MEN'S SHOES we sell are all
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Wc choose the best of each make, hence our claim to
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Goodwin Shoe Co.
119 HASTINOS ST. EAST
— GOODWIN!   OOOD   SHOES —
Foolishness. The Law embodies the
brutality of the ruling faction and
the Btupidity of tho subjoct people.
It is the assertion of class supremacy, and the admission of mass ser*
vility. The Fool hates Capitalism
with all tlio power of his mind and
all tho passion of his heart; and tho
Law by precept and prohibition enforces tho capitalistic system and
invests it with a soloinnity that de*
luuVs the unthinking.
Capitalism and what is known ai
ths Law are inseparable. Thov* ea*
ist- together. Thoy will perish to-
gethor. They speak with the same
voice. Thoy strike with the (ame
wenpons. Whnt Capitalism doslros
the Law decroos. Whot Capitalism
dislikes, tho Law denounces.
The Fool is Law-abiding, but also
ho is Lnw-doriding. Ho obeys the
| Law, but only that he may remain
at liberty to undermine the Law's
foundations, and ultimately bring it
crashing to the ground, and laugh
above its ruins.
This doos not mean that Foolishness and Anarchy era identical. It
doos not moan that when the Law
is gone everyone shall do what M
pleases, without regard to the wolfare of his neighbor; that rights
snail not bo defined and defended,
nor principlo laid down to govern
tho relations of men.
Wo are taught at All Fool's Col*
logo to differentiate between the
Law of Capitalism and ths Will of
the Peoplo. The one ciprosses the
commands of tyranny. Tho other
declares the counsels of freedom.
I remembor asking my Master
Fool, when this conception was first
disclosed to me, "Will thero bo no
Law when tho People como into thoir
own!"
Ke smiled at the note of mingled
surprise and alarm in my question.
"Ticre will be no Law," he said,
"for Law has its roots in fear.
Thore will be an Understanding
blossoming in the soil of love."
I didn't realize what hie words
meant nt the time, as tho ground
doesn't grasp the meaning of the
seed that the gardener shows till
one day the plant thrusts through
the earth and makes the purpose
clear.
It happoned in my case just like
that. It needn't, however, relato
the incident that revealed to mo the
truth that was hidden in tho master's cryptic statoment. Enough to
state that I now rejoico in the contemplation of a social ordor in whioh
the Law will figure only as a munira-
nified monster, oloqucnt of a done-
with past.
Last week I was In a criminal
court. It gave me the sensation of
being in the lair of a wild boast.
Outside, the world was a jungle of
beauty and terror fantastically
blended. Insido, the Law crouchod
like a tiger about to spring upon its
proy.
Who was the prey to bof
Not me. Not any of the people
round about me. Not any of the
crowd at tho baok of the court, nor
up there in the gallery.
A young man sat in front of the
dock. His faot was pale, though in
his mannor there was no trace of
nervousness. It was he whom tho
tiger watched, its eyes biasing, ita
jaws slavoring.
Who was hof
Ono of the working class. One
who voiced tho aspirations of that
class. Ono who helped thom to feel
the baseness of their servitude and
thrill to ideals only vaguely sensed.
And why was ho there, gazing so
calmly into the tiger's eyest
Brother, he had offended against
the Law.
I shall not tell you what was his
offenso, lest in doing so I too should
arouso the Law 'a anger, and have to
look into tho oyes of the tiger.
It is not necessary hero to refer
to the chargo on which tho young
man stood indicted, or make any
comment on tho evidence produced
for his condemnation.
Enough to Bay that ho had at*
tacked tno capitalistic system, had
cneouragod tho workers to regard it
with aversion, and combine to defeat it and destroy it.
Nor did ho exhibit any sign of
contrition for what ho had done.
He was sure of himself and of his
faith,   Even proud, I fancied.
Whilo the Crown Prosecutor was
impressing upon the jury the enormity of the crime, the young man
leaned over a sheet of paper, taking
notes with an impassivo cure, end
in duo courso went into tho witness-box and addressed tho court In
reply.
It was a masterly utterance of
ovor three hours' duration, and its
object was not to extenuate but to
justify what tho young man hud
done to excite tho fury of tho Law.
How strange it was to sit there
and listen to that advocate of the
working elass giving voico to principles und purposes so aticu to thc
atmosphere of tho placet
It came upon theitj admidst thoso
surrounding, with u forco I had
never felt, beforc, that tho Labor
Movement in the hour of its triumph
will accomplish iho most astounding
revolution of oil timo.
Institutions will go, bringing
down with them, to covor thoir
ruins, tho dust of ages. Truditions
too long venerated will be Bwcpt
nwuy. Pomps and ceremonies behind whioh tyrnnny concealed its
ugliness will como to a suddon end.
AH that is a mattor of courso. It
lias happoned ovor and over again,
for revolution is an established
inothod of progress, nnd its operations can be traced right down the
centuries with a scientific precision.
But it flashed upon me in that
court, in the presence of the Law,
whilo tho young worker dollvorod
with unfaltering fluency the gospol
of his class, thut the Rovolution
which the Lnbor Movement is destined to bring will go infinitely
farther than any of its predecessors.
It will annihilate ideas whloh
huvo survived tho fall of empires,
and persisted amidst scenes of universal devastation, whon socinl fab*
rlcs collapsed end gods oxplred upon
thoir alters.
Capitalism is a thing of comparatively recont creation, but the ideas
upon which it is based can be traced
away back to tho forest primeval,
originating ia the brain of the
Beast, te be transmitted to Man.
Selfishness is th* core of savagery.
ialist
it in
at any rate so purify in
of. the ideal as to render
that which before was pen
In the boart of every
this faith is cherished. I hoi
my own. But listeningto'.that representative of the working.; class answering his accusers in the presenco
of tho Law, I bocams vividly awaro
of it that it was likii s-now revelation, imparting to the familiar an
unsuspected significance, and to tho
unknown the beaconing splendor of
a groat light.
I have asked myself sines what
the court thought of ths drama that
was being enacted in that shadowy
chamber. '■
But I have no answer to the question". ■'
Ths face of the Judge was inscrutable. It was a good face; human kindliness commingling in it
with legal austerity. Tot search it
how I would, no clue did it afford
me of thc Judge's thoughts, as the
working class advocato whom tho
Crown sought to brand as a criminal prooedded with an address quiot
in manner, but in matter vibrant
with the challenge of a bugle note.
Nor could I ponetrate the masks
of the jurymen, bent upon him while
they gave to his words the' gravest
attention. •  y
I looked t\ the barristers seated
at the table, only to realise how
oomplete is the disguise with with
whieh Nature has provided human
beings. ;
I turned to tha publie, to tie attendants, to tho police—studied a
hundred countenances, seeking for a
thought to match my own.
In vain.
What Is tbe flosh but a veil, for a
mystery I What is civilization Aut a
houBO with drawn blindst
In spite of this unresponsive environment, it waa inspiring to listen -to the accents of the Labor
Movement, echoing in the lair of
tho Law.
It brought forward the Future,
radiant with the triumph of the
working class. It thrust back the
Past, still lurking in our midst to
sorvo the onds of tyranny.—H.1..B.
in  Machinists' Monthly.
National Industry in England
[_ty WiU Irwin in Oakland Woridjf that it could not wi* th* war with
those restrictive practice! ia effect,
so it sought and obtained an agree-
"Within a'few monthi the minei
of England will bo nationalised; a
ahort time later the railroadt will
alio be taken over hy the nation;
before long the great shipping industry of England will follow."
This was the conclusion reached
by WiU Irwin, the war correspondent, in a lecture on "Industrial
Conditions in England, France and
Bolgium," given recently* for the
People's Institute of San Francisco,
at EagloB'hall in that city. The na*
tionalization is Lloyd George's clover counter-move, ho said, to block
the workers' demand for nationalisation and the joint control of industry by working men and employ-
ers.
"England is the most interesting
laboratory for social study in Europe," ho said. "England positively ie going through an amazing
change. The English are dreadfully
slow in imagination and they are instinctively conservative—not in
politics alone, but in the clinging to
old things. But when they learn
what tho right thins really is, they
will go further, I believe, and sacrifice more for it than any other people.
"Before the war English lahor
and capital had got into % very vicious circle that it seemed impossible
for Labor to break out of. Employers had set a maximum wage, which
was for most of the major trades,
30 shillings or ahout $7.50 per week,
and union labor did not seem to bo
ablo to alter things. Unions might
succeed in getting in the piecework
system, but no sooner would workers
be making more than $7.50 a week
than the piece scalo would be lowered. Unomploymont was chronic—the
unemployed averaging five per cent.
Under these circumstances, Labor's
creed became'restrict output.' If a
man workod hard, he could produce
his week's quota by Wednesday
night or Thursday morning and have
tho rest of tho week off. England
had littlo or no social legislation for
the protection of workers as had
Germany. Therefore she had the restrictive output to contend with, as
Oermany had not, and she found she
was falling bohind Germany in pro
duetion.
'' The   British   government . san
The Death Struggle
[By Geo. F. Stirling]   *.,••
The present phase  of  coHcm*
bargaining which labor is fighting
for does not introduce a now.*princi*
pie. It is merely a dovelopnjent of
a principle already accepted. ■•* ,.*.
The time to light against the principle of collective bargaining was
the beginning of the nineteenth-flou*
tury. Tho government of Ejigland
did Btart the light then, and o_ tempted to stamp it out in Its infancy
by the most rigorous laws*, against
the association of workingmen. But
the eondition of ths workers under
the unrestrained rule of capitalism
was so deplorable that, as one writer puts it; "Thore was not a savage in tho islands of the Pacific who
was not better fed, happier, and
healthier than the majority of the
workers iu tho industrial parts of
England. Oovernment commission.
erB appointed to Investigate conditions reported "women and young
ohildren or six years drawing coal
along the passages of the mines,
crawling on all fours with a girdle
round thoir waists, harnessed by a
chain between their loga to the
cart."
Another reported "children of
seven, six and even four years of
age, of both sexes working in thoso
fetid passages half naked sometimes
as long as 10 houra per day."
It was clear to the most superficial observer in those days of unrestrained grood and avrico of capitalists that there was nothing in
common botweon capital and labor.
Anyone who attempted to preach
any "got together stuff" thon would
havo been hurried off to bedlaiu by
tho capitalists themselves. A new
aristocracy of wealth was arising
and in their struggles to surpass ono
another, they trampled millions of
tho workers to death undor their
cloven hoofs.
Tho struggles of the workers for
human conditions, howevcr; could
not bo suppressed by iniquitous
laws and Peterloo massacres, and finally the government was forced
to recognize the justice of labor's
claims, and the injustice of capitalist greed.
Then begnn tho factory legislation, and largely duo to tho efforts
ef Bobert Owen lbe cotton mills act
was passed in 1819 which limited the
age nt which children niight work
in factories, and limited their hours
of lnbor to 72 por woek,
Soventy two hours per week of labor for a child of nine who ought
to hnvo been making daisy chains
or chnsing butterflies in tho meadows, --ii
Howover, it wos tho beginning:^
tho light botweon cupiitnl and'labor
which hus gone on ever since, which
is becoinniing keener and moreidin*
bolical in its cunning on thc.Jpart
of capital, using its prostitute pWss
to vilify labor's just demands' -and
to distort their aims nnd ideals;
Labor was then allowed to 'associate in working mon's elubs, and
trades unions, and although the demands of the unions for some' con-
idernblo time woro oxcccding7tnild,
their right of association to'lfiffht
capital wns gradually rccogjirdd,
and thc idea of tho craft union'bsr*
gaining colloctivoly with their liifls-
torS*came to be a matter of frequent
occurrence.
Tho growth of Industry and tho
evolution of tbt social struggle
focod the masters to go ons bettor
thnn the Cruft Unions by themselves joining together with other
mnstors in tho snmo industry.
By tho moons of theso employers
Associntloins, tho Master's have not
only beon able to control thc workers
In thoir own workshops but they
have boon ablo by means of the
blacklist, nnd secrot agreements io
make the struggles of tho separate
craft organization to be little bot*
ter than plowing sand.
Tho workors woro consequently forced to adopt more concentrated offorls
and to organise along irslnslrinlI
lines.
'habit of bargaining collectively not
for one trnde only but for all the
different trades represented in tho
metal industsr.
The Minister of Labor recognised
one such couneil himself in his negotiations between the strikors and the
shipbuilders at the coast last fall.
The masters still wishing to keep
one stage ahead and seeing the growing powor of the workers through
these councils, organized thomselvos
into One Big Union, known as the
Canadian Manufacturers Associat-
which givos them a mighty powor
financially and otherwise for the control of Labor's growing demands for
social justice.
The answer to this is the begin-
ing of tho organization of the workers also into One Big Union, and
entering into what is plainly the
last stage in tho light,
As labor is in tho majority and
controls the powor of production
there is only one method open to
capital to save itself from defeat
and that is by using force, and bringing if possiblo the police and soldiers to thoir aid to protect their
unjust priviliges and to keop labor
is chains.
It is folly for any soldier or
police or any momber of the working class to bo fooled by any twaddle against collective bargaining. Go
back to tho boginning of the strugglo
in the early years of tho nineteenth
century. Settlo for yoursolf once
and fcr all the justice of labor's
%1-t.
If you are a member of tho Capitalist class, if you aro an idler, if
you ara au parasito fawning at tho
feot of idlers you will rush to join
organizations like tho Citizens'
Defence League financed by thc
banking association. You will howl
against aliens, bolshevists. and anarchists. You will shut your oyes to
the faet that many of thc lahor
leaders in this country are Englishmen, and Irishmen and Scotchmen,
who have seen capitalism at Its worst
in tho eld countries.
But if you are a workingman or
worklngwoman with a bold heart nnd
and aa independent spirit you will
got in with labor and help to crush
the infamous thing.
Ths Cry Per Bread
AU humnn activities, tho mainspring of all thought and action, is
ingrained In tho basic neods of life
•food, clothing nnd shelter. It is
tho strugglo for brend, foromost
through the ages, which is the moving spirit in all upheavals, in all
movements recorded from the beginning of time. Broad for some, power and luxuries for othors.
Since man beenmo a two-footed
nnimnl the need of food compelled
him to devise ways and means of
getting it. Agriculture, cattlo breeding, industry and the invention of
machinery of production were the
result of his efforts to satisfy theso
fundamental needs of life. Cities
grew whore there was wilderness,
commerce sprang up, trade flourished nnd man spread to the four corners of tho globe.
Until the dawn of modern civilization man struggled with the blind
forees of naturo In an effort to
wrest enough to subsist on. With
the dovelopment ef agriculture and
machinery, and with tho introduction of the steam engino the mastership over naturo bocame eomploto
and every want of man can bs satis-
fled in abundance.
Yet today, after centuries of
struggle, the cry for bread is resounding throughout thc world aad
tho conflict rages fiercely. This time
it is not to force unwilling nature
to yield up its stores, but to conquer
tho greed of the men who have seized moro thnn they can consume and
compel submission to their will, A
world of mon tk writhing in pain
whilo u few glide smoothly through
tho avenues of woalth and easo.
ment with the unions. Government
industry boards were formed to adjust hours and wages, and the unions
agreed to speed up. There was no
longer any unemployment, and English Labor had its firBt season of
prosperity. Wages rose, and so did
the cost of living, but if anything
wagea rose a little faster, so that the
British workingman was bettor off
than he had ever been before. Wo*
men and ohildren wont to work also,
reducing the number of dependents
in the worker's family. And other
things happened to show British
workers the light. The Australian
and New Zouland continentals cams
up and began to put Ideas into the
heads of the English Tommies. Ths
English agricultural laborers in
France saw that there tho workers
for tbt most part owned thoir own
land.
; "A journeyman printer I took a
drink with put ths growing English
idol into words, He said; "Yes,
they signed for four yoars to save
England, and now, Gad, they're going to havt a piece of what they
saved.'
"A great and quiet growth cams
to the British Labor Party. Ths
unions themselves, previously eut up
into suoh complex systems that it
would take a day's hard study to
understand the arrangement, began
to simplify themselves. In 1017 came
the Nottingham congress and the
famous British Labor Party programme, which, in my opinion, has
an equal chancs with tho Bolshevik
system of becoming ths Magna Charta of Labor.
"Lloyd George is a clever politician. He saw tho growing powor of
Labor and sprang a genoral election
instantly and formed a coalition.
That election was probably aa unrepresentative an election as over was
held. The men at the front were
givojt a chance to voto—polls were
sot up in the trenches, but a soldier
at the front feels that he is in a
different world. Scarcely a fourth
of the soldiers votod. Many of ths
Labor men at home had become direct actionists and refused to vote.
Lloyd Georgo made a whirlwind
campaign through England. After
tho olection tho majority of the workors said in a new tone—Bilked
againl
"Now, during the the war each
shop had a shop steward, through
whom the government did business.
Of these shop stewards, all wero
young, many were radical and not a
fow were Bolshovik In tendency. The
spontaneous strikes that tied up all
traffic in London were called by
these shop stowards—each calling
out his own men. Suddonly the
strikes fell ta pieces. The reason
for that was that they were simply
spontaneous strikes. There was no
organisation at all, and strikes need
organization as much as an army.
"The reaction from these strikes
waa a rush back to the labor unions,
with the result that the unions grew
not only bigger but much more radical. America niight be surprised to
know that the English union men
listen to the talks given by the American Labor men that go over there
for that purpose, listen and then put
tlieir tongues in their cheeks and
say, 'Aw, that's what Grandpa used
to tell us.'
"Tho climax earns when the eoal
miners, the railroad workers and the
transport workers (the men who do
the loading and unloading for England's groat shipping industry) formed an amalgamation. 'These threo
unions wero very strong, very radical and very ably led, especially the
miners, who had for a leader a wonderful Scotch mystic. They threatened Lloyd George with a strike on
March 15, unloss by that time their
industries had been nationalised aad
put under joint control of workors
and employers. Lloyd Georgo is as a
rulo a very calm little man, but I
saw when he came out of a moeting
with the unionists that his hands
were working nervously. However,
ho did get them to postpone the
strike until March SO ,and by a curious coincidence, on March 20 the
Coast Guards wore brought baok and
paraded through the eity.
"But Lloyd George knew he could
not beat tho unions, that tho best he
could do was to stall thom off. Ho
knew that the workers with the
most just complaint and greatest
popular sympathy wcro the mine
workors. So no launched a suddon
and wide and graphic campaign of
muckraking. England had never
been muckraked before—and as a
newspaper man I must give Lloyd
Georgo credit for doing a thorough
and workmanlike job. He had men
of all classes, club men and millionaires, reading ths newspaper accounts of the pitiful wages and terrible conditions in tho mines and
saying 'Shame!' and 'We must put
a stop to this I' That Is why wo are
going to havo England's mines nationalized within a few months.
"Not only that, but the Whitely
plan of joint control is going to bo
tried out in all metal trados from the
making of needles to the making of
battleships. This is a systom like
tho Soviet systom in form if not in
spirit. Each local factory is to be
managed by a joint committee of
workingmen aud representatives of
tho employer, ond each such committeo shall send delegates to larger
committees aud so on up to a genoral national committee made up
equally of representatives of Labor
and employor, whioh shall have central authority."
To understand modern society, is
One of tho outcomes nf tliis to under*!nnd the strugglo for bread.
Councils which have been  in  the It is written in every law parch*
"FBOM MAKEB TO WEABEB"
There's big value
in our $25 suits
—they stand in a class by themselves as to
value in Canada—as to material—as to
style!-—as to finish.
So popular is this line that—although tho season is advanved—'
we have kept a full line of modols and sizes. Your choice of any
of the popular colors in fin. quality Sergo or in Donegal Tweed.
Suits of the same quality are being offered elsewhere
St »36 to 140—Onr price li
$25.00
623
HASTINGS ST. W.
Nesr Granville
New South Wales Governments
Adopts Proportional Representation
The old electoral system of
straight-out voting in Now South
Wales has been substituted by the
adoption of proportional representation. Instoad of the old system of
DO seperate seats in tho state parliament there are to be, under ths
new scheme 9 divisions returning 5
members saeh and 15 divisions returning three members eaeh—making
of course the total of ninety members. Though primarily instituted
to defeat labor at the next elections,
it is new stated that the new scheme
rather favors the chances of the la*
bor party when the time comes for
feeing the eleetors next March.
mont, in thc activities of tho state.
It takes an organized form when employers combine to skin and workors organizo to fight for more bread.
It permeates all institutions and divides socioty into hostilo camps,
A new factor is arising in modern society which is destined to settle tho problom of broad and settle
it for good. It is the producing class
coming to power evorywhero that is
dostlned to revolutionize society and
work from the premioses that only
thos. who do useful'work are entitled to the fruit of their labors,
and in that way do away with poverty on one hand and extravagant
accumulation of wealth on the other.
The organized workers are aboat
duo to perform a servico to themselves nnd the entire human race by
stepping in and through thoir united strength shape tho destinies of
the world to tho snd that the cry
for bread shall no longer be heard
where man resides and happiness and
plenty shall reign in the world.
GET THE HABIT
—LET THB—
NODELAY
SHOE CO.
1047 Granville Street
SO YOUB BBPAIBINO
Anlythe
U
mon
Oak
Sole leather used. Shoes made
to order. Union shop witk
Union principles,
No delay Shoe Co.
10*7 GRANVILLE
Phono Sey. 1479
COWAN t BROOKHOUSE
pbmtbbs,   ronis-ows,   bib*
BBOTYFEBS   AMD   BOOEBWPBBS
Unloa Officials, writs tet prises.   We
Sir. SATISFACTION
OLBLAND- DIBBLE  ENGRAVING OOMPANY
LUnitact
PHOTO 1HOBAVEBS
OOWtBBOlU, ABTISH
Mm. Sermonr T168
Third "floor,  World BnU-Uaf,  Via-
COUVM, a. 0.
COAL
Lump (sacked), per
ton  $11.00
Washed Nut, per ton,
at  $10.50
KIBE'S   Celebrated   Double
Screened
NANAIM0-WBLUNOT0N
OOAL
Is Always Dependable
Ask the womaa who burns it.
Kirk&Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phones Seymoar 1441 nd 468
'Tou can depend on tho
Hillcrest
Dairy
A. FISH, Prop,
to furnish you Pare Mill
Housewives should insist oi
sll delivery men showin
their union esrds.
FtSMS: ley. 779S0-O. tor. SUIL
a. a. un. mutter
LABOB THOU
-TAXI-
SOFT DRINK PARLO
OlOABI, OIOABSTTBS ABD IOR
cum
40S DDN8HUIK STBBBT
Greateat Stock oi
Furniture
In Greater Vancouver
Replete ln every detail
Hastings Farnitiire Co. Iii
■b ran tot on
VAN BROS.
«E_JT TOT ask ros
-CIDER-
iiM Non-alcoholic wines of sU
ONION   UN'S   ATTENTION
—THE-
TROCADERd
CAFE
Tot Union Ilea
156 HAST-HM STBEET WS*
Pkone Seymour SOS
TBE BEST PLACE TO BAT ]
VANCOUVEB - UNION CAB]
CENTER & HANNA, U
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Btrvlco
104* OEOBOIA STBBBT
One Block West of C'ourthoui
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to sll
Patrons
Telephone Seymour 2425
Our advertisers support the I
eratlonist.   It Is up to you to s
I.port  thorn.	
THE HOLIDAY SEASON IS APPBOACH-NO-Are you going to
mako good your advantage of
living in British Columbia, by
spending a couple of weeks
out in the open. Wa offer you
a splendid selection of fishing Tackle, Bides, Cartridges,
Clothing, togothor with Hhe
usual Camping1 Acquirements.
TISDALL'S LIMITED
The Complete Sporting Ooods
Store'
618-620 Hsstings Street West,
VANCOUVEB, B, O. 01TI0UL   -PAPEB   VAHOOUVEB
TBADBS  ABS  LABOB   OOUXOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OmOIAL BAPBB  BBRISK  OOXr
PUBIS  nOBBATIOB  OT   LABOB
0
[ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 27
EIGHT PAGES
Honest Union
Made Shoes
FOR WOKE AND DRESS WEAR
Solid Leather Children's Shoes
Outing and Sport'Shoes for the Whole Family
Loggers,' Miners,' Prospectors' Boots made to order in
our own Factory by Union Workmen.
For many years wo hnvo successfully catered to the noeds of
the workman and his family. Our aim from the start has been to
sell good honest Reliable Footwear at Moderate Prices.
A Square Deal to Everybody
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 4, 1919
Woods, Ltd.
160   CORDOVA   STREET   WEST
(Round the Corner from Cambie)
I
ONE-THIRD REDUCTION ON
ALL FORMS OF BRIDGEWORK
For a limited period I will do Don tal Bridgework in the expert +
manner which has made my office famous for thin class of work-
using none but the best materials and giving a 10-year guarantee
—for one-third off my regular prices.
Tako advantage of this offer and get my estimate on yoar
work.
Drs. Brett Anderson and
Douglas Casselman
Dental X-Bay and Crown and Bridge Specialists
602 HASTINOS STREET WEST, CORNER SEYMOUR
Office open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Phone Seymonr 3331—Examinations mode on phone appointments
f
Comfortable Shoes
FOB THE WABM WEATHEK
We've SHOES for tho man lookng for foot
comfort. Made'from soft, pliable leather, in
black or tan.
Natural foot-form lasts that conform to the foot ozactly.
No   broaking-in   required.    Just
try a pair and your foot troublo
will depart.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
MS OBANVILLE STBEET
THE  PIONEER  OF   UNION  LABELS
A OVABANTEE TO EVEBY SMOKES
Union-made Cigars. , ___ ^
itf Sntitn ta.*.-*.*-***.--.»..*■«!■■»■■^►•raQisinssi
tWM.ttittbu.mnn-. ii.wi.««.«*■«. -..___a.Bto.tit--».••-:^
><im«**-uii»i«juraww«m«ci>»mir<Hii'i«t(ii^niitiM-»i-<«i«
%w.ektotU,-_-ti.
' ■ CI/lt/.rAtm*.
LOOK FOR IT—DEMAND IT
BOOST  IT
1     Fresh Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
.  FLOBI8T8 AND NUBSEBYMEN
2-STOBES-2
;    <U Hastings Street East 786 Oranvllle Streot
,     Seymonr 988-872 Seymour 9613
Patronize federationist advertisers
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
FOR ALL TRADES
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St W.      ::      Vancouver, B. C.
The Uttle "Stunt"--
THAT ALWAYS MAKES A "fflT"
JUST TELEPHONE wllle that you ond sho nre "going
out" tonight—or maybe it's Saturday afternoon. Toll
her that she can savo a lot of timo—have all her work
—"odds and ends" dono, if she gives the "go-by" to
baking bread. Casually mention, that you are bringing home
a loaf of bakers' bread.
Food License
Ho. 6-1061
Phon.
raiment il
PIES SOAR BUT
An Okanagan Paper Asks
Pertinent Questions
As to Conditions
If tboro is any section of the modern press that is not under tho
thumb of capital, outside of the labor press, it is tho small papers published in the agricultural districts.
The following editorial takon from
tho Okanagan Commoner, is at least
fair-and shows a degree of intelligence not seen in the daily press of
thc cities.
Tho following advertisement was
token from the Ottawa Citizen of
May 17th, the day after tho Winnipeg strike was called by the building trades and metal workers:
"See here, Mr. Tenant. If you
contemplate building a homo do it
now. It will cost you dollars if you
delay. The cost of labor, lumber and
building material is not going to
como down any, but rather, ft is
absolutely eertain to increase. The
same applies -to rents.. These will
never eome back to, where they were
but will continue to increase. Dp
you know that, since 1913, farm pro*
ducts havo increased 123 per cent.,
clothing 153 per cent., fuel and light
79 per cent., houso furnishings 133
per cent. Yet lumber, building costs
and labor havo only increased 57
per cent."
This advertisement was inserted
by the M. C. Neate Lumbor Co., of
Ottawa. Presumably tho percentages given are correct. Assuming
the figures to bo authentic, it does
not require a very high mental
equipment to recognize ono of the
immediate causes of industrial unrest in the comparative increase between the cost of living and tho increase in wages. The latter, according to tho advertisement, has been
bnt 57 per cent, sinco 1913, while
food and clothing have increased in
cost, during the same period, by no
less than 123 por cent and 153 per
cont respectively- Is it any wonder
that labor is going on strike for
higher wagest If the rates of pay
to labor has only increased 57 per
cent., how iB it that the eost of food
and clothing has more than doubled! How can the working man with
a family to feed and clothe be expected to keep his homo going when
he has to pay such exorbitant advances for the necessities of lifef
"Because no protection has been
offered to the workers of Canada,"
comments the Ottawa Veteran, "we
are now faced with strikes that bid
fair to assume paralyzing proportions, and result in widespread
trouble and hardship. We hayo a
Cost of Living Commissioner, who
has repeatedly warned us as to what
is likely to happen in tho way of
further increases in cost if certain
policies are pursued, but no action
has been taken by the government
to adopt relief measures. So long
as onr exporters are allowed to send
vast quantities of food over to Europo to feed tho Huns—at fancy
pricos wo niay expect to have to pay
dearly for tho left-overs, for the excuse for high prices is afforded in
tho demand for supplies from foreign countries. Wo have, as a nation, been very energetic in bidding
for foreign trade sineo tho armistice was signed, and a number of
large credits have been established
whereby the govornment guarantees
payment for goods mado in Canada
and sold through foreign governments. Boumania is one example.
Perhaps repayment will be made
somo -day. If not—and Boumania
can scarcely be looked upon as a
sufficiently safe country for ns to
take risks with when we are ourselves bordering on national bankruptcy—the poople will pay, as usual. Meanwhile, under the present
policy, Canadians niay go short or
pay double or troblo prices for food.
"Cause and effect go hand in
hand. Mon do not strike for tho love
of striking. The reason for practically overy striko now in force in
Canada is tho high cost of living.
And the high cost of living makes
millionaires on the ono hand and
strikes on the other. The millionairsf
may be in control just now, and be
able to dictate to the government a
policy of protection for their interests, but they aro playing with tre
and courting revolution, for their is
a Hmit to human endurance. What
Canada noeds above aU things now
is relief from inflated prices, in order that tho spectre of anarchy may
be permanently removed from our
midst. Ii there no man in the cabinot big enough and bold enough to
deal with this growing menace!"
Mention the Federatlonist when
yoa make a purchase at a atore..
TheNon-Partisan League
««««««        ******        ******        ******
Its Labor Programme
[By Newton Jenkins] *
It has fallen to the farmers of
North Dakota to step ahead and
provide legislation that the crystallized sentiment of the workers the
country over has for yoars demanded. Sho has put to shame tho other
states which have begrudged to labor its rights. North Dakota has not
only given this legislation but sho
has given it without tho strife and
strugglo that have centered around
tho labor laws of other states. Sho
has builded wisely, and to the sane
direction of the Non-Partisan
League be tho praise.
One thing that stands out in the
North Dakota programme of the
Non-Partisan League is tho labor
legislation that has been enacted by
the prosent legislature. North Dakota is in no sense an industrial
state. It is agricultural. The legislature is composed of farmers. There
aro but two labor men in It—-Ma-
lone, a coal miner, and O'Brien, a
barber. In every other state any labor legislation that has been secured has boen after long, bitter fights,
which have usually been conducted
time after timo beforo sufficient
strength could bo mustered in the
legislature for enactment.
Thoro is hardly a bit of labor legislation in this country that has not
gono through years of trying and
vexing agitation prior to its enactment. The history of all such measures has been that session after session has been besciged by tho workers until they have almost despaired. The political powor of labor also has been a factor in securing such
legislation. Legislators feared the
active opposition of the workors at
the polls. The voto tabulations kept
by labor leaders showing how the
legislator voatod upon matters vital
to labor have made legislators think
twico before voting against the
workers.
And now comes North Dakota
with a complete set of liberal, forward facing labor measures all enacted in record time and presented
to the workors of tho state as a matter of justice. No long, bitter fights,
no unfair lists, no coercion, no series
of defeats, no substitute impotent
measures. This assembly of farmers,
undor the leadership of the Nonpartisan Leaguo, has in one session
enacted oight distrinctly labor bills,
besides numerous measures concerning economics, industry and taxation
which are akin to the interests of
tho workers and vital to all the people.
The labor programme includes the
following measures:
1. Disability compensation.
2. Eight hour day for women.
3. Minimum wage for womon,
4. Inspector of coal mines.
5. Limiting the issuance of injunction.
6. Union label.
7. Full train crew.
8. Protection of omployoes,
Disability Compensation
The Disability Compensation bill
provides for a fund out of which
employeea and their dependents are
paid in eases of injury or death in
the course of employment amounts
equal to two-thirds of thcir previous
earning capacity. The bill is
throughout perhaps the most liberal
of its kind in the country. It makes
provision for raising tho allowance
in casos whoro minors are injured,
in keeping with tbe increase in probable earning capacity save for the
injury. Tho fund out of which payment is made is provided entirely
out of assessment against the employers, and the employees contribute nothing toward it.
Women's Eight Hour Day
The eight-hour day for women is
secured in a short bill of only three
paragraphs. It provides that "no
female shall be employed in any
manufacturing, mechanical or mercantile establishment, laundry or
restaurant, or telephono or telegraph
establishment or offico, or in any express or transportation company, in
the State of North Dakota more
than eight and one-half hours in any
one day, or moro than six days in
any one week; provided, however,
that this aot shall not apply to females working in rural telephone exchanges or in villages or towns less
than five hundred population,"
Minimum Wage for Women
Tbe lives, health and morals of
women and minors are given consideration in the minimum wago law.
The term "minor" includes children of either sex under 18, and tho
term "women" means women 18 or
over. It is provided as unlawful to
employ women or minors in any occupation in North Dakota for unreasonably long hours and in any
occupation undor such surroundings
or conditions, sanitary or otherwiso,
as may be detrimental to their
health or morals. To employ women
or minors at wages inadequate to
supply the necessary cost of living
to maintain them in health is also
unlawful. Tho workmen's Compensation Bureau is authorized to set:
1. Standards of hourB of employ'
,cnt for women workers and what
re unreasonably long bourse of em-
syticnt for womon workers.
2. Standards of conditions for
women workers and what surroundings or conditions are determined to
thu health or morals of women workers. .
,3. ° Standards of minimum wages
fW women workors and what wages
ato inadequate to supply the necessary eost of living to women work-
_*H *ad maintain tbem in health.
f A''woman who will have much to
do with working out tho minimum
wage law is Miss Aldyth Ward, who,
since 1917, has carried on investigo-
tf oh'of the conditions of employment
of women and minors. But the last
legislature placed the indusrial com*
mission in charge of the operation of
the minimum wage laws and Miss
Ward's powers and opportunities
are greatly extended.
Inspection of Ooal Mines
Extensive regulations of coal mining are made in Houso Bill No. 55,
sponsored by ^Representative Ma-
lone, himsolf a coal miner. Tho
state mino inspector, who is to be
appointed by tho governor, is allowed only $2,500 salary, with but $1,-
additlon to hire clorical help
and assistnace. This would not warrant a charge of government extravagance, it would seem. It is provided that in any county in which
eoal is mined a board of examiners
shall be appointed to examino and
issue certificates, of competency to
mine foreman and mine examiners,
and any porson who acts in
the capacity of a mino forman or
mine examiner without a certificate
of compotenoy is deemed guilty of
an offense. Any company employing
an uncertified foreman or oxaminor
is also deemed guilty.
Wash houses aro provided for the
miners. The men are privileged to
employ their own check weighman.
Hoisting devices must bo equipped
with safety appliances. Proper ventilation of the mines is insured, together with emcrgoncy exits.
Injunction Limitation Bill
Tho power of the state courts to
issuo injunctions in labor disputes
is limited, substantially as provided
in the Clayton act concerning the
federal courts. It iB similar to tho
bill which has been introduced time
after time into tho legislature of
Illinois whore, though an industrial
stato it haB been each time voted
down.
Union Label
All state printing must hereafter
bear tho label of Uie International
Typographical Union, it is provided.
Full Train Crew
It nil roads aro compelled by senate bill No. 85 to man properly their
Wains to promote tho safoty of the
railroad employees and the passen-
gors. (Freight trains of moro than
forty cars must be operated by a
fall train crew of six men. Freight
trains of less than forty cars and
passengor trains require five mon in
each crew.
Protection of Employees
Shelter and protection must be
provided by common carriers for
iployces while engaged in tho repair or construction of equipment.
Suitablo buildings or sheds must be
provided,
The Canadian shipping trust object io a suggestion put forth by
J. E. Armstrong, M.P., tbat the
government control shipping rates.
One reason by one oompany, The
Canada Steamship Company, Is tbat
lt made $30,000,000 during the past
six years and it wants to make
nor* , -i
(V"»To") $1.60 PER YEAB
Have Your
Holiday Suit
made by us ahd you'll be pleased, proud and happy. We
make for Men and for Women, and we make well. Our
stock of Woollens is the finest in the city. We say so
and can prove it. Tou'11 get that individual attention at
our store that you cannot get elsewhere and you'll save
money because everyone—employers and employees
alike—work. There are no unnecessary salaries paid to
anyone, and every man on the place knows his business
and how to give you the Host of the Best for tho Least
money, and we see you get it.
Hen's Suits, $35 Vp
Women's Suits, $45 Up
NOTE   THE   ADDRESS
128 Hastings Street East
Between
Columbia
and Main
The scrap between tbe old unions
and tbe new Is merely a strugglo
between new and old methods of
being able to cope with the gangs
of profiteers tbat now infest Canada. There will be no blood spilt
and very little tllfeeltng.
Patronise Federationist advortis
er*
Chas. Lestor Deals With
Strike from New
Angle
Somo interesting sido lights were
thrown on the industrial struggle by
Chas. Lestor on Sunday evening at
the Columbia Theatre, where he
spoke on "The Undercurrents of
the Strike." Mrs. J. A. Clark made
a business-like chairman, and in a
few introductory remarks adtuon-
monished the Btrikers: "When you
go back, don't blame your loadors;
blame the system that drives you
back. Go back with your minds
mado up to organize as never beforo, in order to gain a victory lator on."
Comrade Lestor remarked that the
present strugglo was "presumably"
about collective bargaining. In the
Middle Ages it was between Catholicism and Protestantism—"at least
they said so;" it was really, however, between the old feudal landlord elass and the new capitalist
elass, as to which should get on top.
Now the fight was between the
working class and tho capitalist, as
to which should dominate.
It had been suggested in a local
shoot (somebody here suggested
"rag" but tho speaker objected;
"No, It's not a rag, becauso it doesn't covor their nakedness.") That
tho striko leaders camo from British slums and mesmerized tho true
Canadians by thoir bar-room eloquence. The writer was neithor British nor Canadian; the whole method
of the Citizens' League campaign
indicated "that cheap-Jack variety
across the line."  (Loud Applause.)
The strike broke out soon after
tho proposal of tho O. B. XT.; its object was to defeat tho workers' efforts. What was thero wrong about
tho O. B. U.f If it wero seditious,
tho government would havo como
down on it. "The 0. B. U. is a Canadian product; it does not sound
well to tho American capitalists.
The slaves hero are owned by the
American capitalists. Tho A. F. of
L. is an organization controlled body
and soul by the heads of the capitalist system. Sam Oompers is their
puppet." The samo influence was
functioning in Grout Britain and
Europe, to rivet the fetters more
closely on the workers.
Without wishing to hurt anybody's religious feelings, tho speaker pointed out that Picrpotnt Morgan, who was not a Catholic, visited
the Pope shortly boforo his death;
it was stated that his visit was "like
a draught of Bhenish wine to His
Holiness." It was a mooting of thc
head of the spiritual world and the
head of capitalism; "the A. F. of
L, is controlled by tho heads of that
religion," tho speaker asserted. Sam
Oompers had tried to break tho
working-class movement in Britain,
Franco and Italy; it was through
him that the master class of the
world hoped to keep tho chains on
tho limbs of the working class.
Tho speaker insisted that the
strike in Winnipeg was not desired
by the men. Tho capitalists would
have shut down in any case; thoy
wero determined that the 0. B. U.
should not be formed. "Their honch-
men are working here in tho Citizens' League and othor organizations."
After quoting the American press
to substantiate his contention, the
speaker continued: "Tho American
capitalists are trying, through thc
A. F. of L., to exercise political control over tho Dominion of Cnnada;"
the strike leaders, in opposing thorn,
whero therefore pre-eminently "patriotic." (Loud applause.) The real
'Beds," however, woro not in the
Hme-llght; thoy wcro hard nt work
studying Mnrx, Engels, Morgan, etc.,
in ordor to understand the problems
with which thoy would havo to deal,
to lead tho workers along a sure
path to victory. "They aro not
known; but it is their work that
will make tho success of the revolutionary movement absolutely inevitable"   (Boncwcd applause.)
Tho speaker wont on to deal with
the discovery of Senator Sherman of
Illinois that the Roman Cutholic
church would control 24 votes out of
45 in tho Leaguo of Nations. Tbo
leaguo would includo 28 Christian
nations and four non-Christian; of
tho 28 Christian nations, 17 wcro
Catholic. Whilo there hnd never
been a Christian nation yet that did
not believo in human slnvery and
'do its bost to perpetuate it, it was
particularly fatal to tho Catholic
syBtem that it conceived of humun
socioty as fixed and settled for all
time. Tho capitalist class had still
tho samo "anarchist" conception,
leading them to "arrest the labor
loaders." Derisive laughter.) They
did not understand that those great
movements wore, tho product of conditions.
Tho working class was adapting
itsolf to its environment, and was
tho only clans that could save society. The other class had a distorted version; the Boman Catholic
church would solve the question by
the method of tbo year 800 or by a
"capitalistic feudalism," regardless
of tho change of economic environment.
But there was one thing about
this strike: Canadian labor had
found its soull (Applause.) What
fow liberties and privileges they
possessed had been won for them
in Britain-in the 'forties; now they
had to take part in the struggle
themselves. They could expect, no
mercy from the ruling elass; let
them not ask for any, but say: "Do
your worst; and, by heaven, when
wo got on top, wo'll pay you back."
(Loud applause.)
Reverting to the ascribed origin
of the "agitators," the speaker remarked, "no agitation comes from
the slums. The contentment of those
peoplo with their miserable lot is one
of the most appalling features of
the system. They live by robbing,
liko that gang of bums at the top.
It's that slum proletariat that's responsible for the ruling class being
in control of great Britain, except
for that slum oloment, the working f
iclass would be in control''
plduse.)
Tho problem in Canada would
havo to be fought out under Bpccial
conditions. "We all admiro tho work
tho Bolsheviki havo done in Russia (applause), but tho work will
huve to be done here in accordance
with conditions here." Tho scriptural rule, however, "With what
measure yo mote," etc., was a scientific fact. As in Bussia, so here:
"Whatever the ruling class gives
will be paid back to them. You can.
not help it." Across tho lino, the
speaker foresaw a terrible struggle,
unlike anything over beforo seen in
tho world.
The United States government Is
advertising to tbe end that they
persuade the "Foreign" population
to remain In the country. We expect the Citizens League will soon
be petitioning tbe government to
ask Britishers to stay In Canada.
IN FULL RETREAT
         i
Press Reports About Thtt
Friend of Allies Are
Untrue
Tho nows of tie w«ok from Bussia
is littlo short of amazing.  In a brief
but pregnant dispatch to tho New
York Globe and tho Chicago Daily
News, Isaac Don Levinc, one of tho
most capable and impartial journalists now in Bussia, confirmed the roport previously reoelved from Bolshevist sources that Admiral Kolchak had been badly defeated and
thrown back 75 miles, wtth the loss
of 50,000 prisoners.    Tho Admiral
waa dose to tho Volga with his armies early in the spring, bot at no
time did he capture Samara, Saratov, or other largo centra* Bussian
cities.   A week ago the Bed Army
was   approaching   Ufa,   Kolchak 'a
base.   "Tho Bussian masses regard
Admiral Kolchak as definitely Czarist," writes Mr. Lovine.   "Tho tremendous effort of Soviet Bussia and
-_ . the enthusiasm for genoral mobiliza-
(Ap- j tion impress ono deeply.   Allied recognition   .   .   .   would completely confirm ia the oyes of tho Russian
people tho Soviot argument that the
Allies seek tho restoration of Czar-
ism."    For many weeks wo have
boen told by the newspapers, and especially   through    the    Associated
Press   dispatches   from   Kolchak'*
headquarters, that his armies were
winning victory after victory, ox-
tending tho sway of the so-called
Omsk government throughout Central Bussia ,and demolishing Bolahe-t
vism wherever they went. Tho exnet
contrary seems to have been  tht
caso. In spite of this news, an intensified campaign of propaganda foe
tho recognition of tho Kolchak regi.'
me is now boing waged in tho American press; full-page advertisements'
costing many thousands of dollara]
havo appeared in overy important
newspaper, and tho public iB being
given to suppose that Kolchak is th*
great liberal saviour of all Bussia,
Send your old address with your
new ono when making a change.
Boost for the WOBKEBS*
LIAMENT,
PAB.
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Union Store
To those whose object now is to save money,
we especially recommend that you do not overlook 401 Hastings- Street West when buying
Men's Wearing Apparel. Here you get the best
for the least
Let us quote you a few of our prices:
A good Suit for light summer wear only......$15.00
Carhartt Overalls (price 3 months ago $2.45),
now..
$2.45
We are told this is the best price in town on
Carhartt's.
Other union-made Overalls $1.95 to $2.45
A line of Fine Negligee Shirts, with collar to
match (detached). Reg. $2.00, now. $1.45
Five pairs Mechanics' Sox  $1.00
11 Kerchiefs. (Reg. 2 for 25c); only $1.00
Good Cotton Work Shirts, only 80c
Good Pants.  Reg. $6.00 and $6.50, only. $4.95
If you buy where you can buy better, you'll
have to come here.
The Jonah-Prat Co.
401 HASTINGS STREET WEST PAGE FOUR
eleventh year Ho.»     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vancouveb, b. o.
FBIDAT. „ July i, 1»
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by The B. C.
Federationist, Limited
1_ S. WELLS.	
...Manager
Offlce:   Labor Templo,  405 Dunsmuir  Street.
Telephone* Exchange, Soymour 7«5
AfterJ p.m., Sey. 7497K
Subscription Bates: United States and Foreign,
18.00 per year; Canada, *1.50 per year; in
Vancouver City, t&DQ per year; to Unions subscribing in a body, ♦I.SS per member per year.
Unity of Labor: The Hope ef the World
PBIDAY...
...July   i, 1919
THE VANCOUVEB DAILY SUN, on
Tuesday, in an editorial inferred—it
. being too cowardly to make a definite
charge—that thc Labor men in this city
.whose homes or offices were raided by the
B. N. W. M. Police on
IHEY Monday  morning,  had
DABE removed   any   incrimi-
NOT. nating documents after
the raids in Winnipeg
some littls time ago. In so far as The B.
C. Federationist office, and the office of
the B. C. Federation of Labor, at 168
Twenty-first avenue west is concerned,
not a single document of any description,
not a single letter, or copy of a letter has
at this or any other time been removed.
There was nothing to hide. There -was
nothing to conceal. We are of the opinion
that this applies to the other homes or
offices that were raided. In fact we are
' sure it does.
•      •      •
The men connected with the Labor
movement that arc at this time holding
office in this city, have at all times been
open and above board. They have made
statements as to their position openly, and
so that all who cared to might hear. They
not being anarchists, or of anarchistic
tendencies, and unlike some other organizations, and the members of those organizations, having nothing to conceal, had no
reason to do away with any documents,
books or papers. We desire to make this
statement, as we have made many others
as to organizcrd labor in this city, openly
and without fear of contradiction. We
challenge the Sun, or any individual to
show, that in any case tho laws of the
land, or the constituted authority of the
country have been violated, or threatened
by either this paper or the Labor organizations of thiB city. In addition to that,
wc are prepared to show our books, show
the manner in which all our funds are received, their source, and what they were
received for. WiU the Sun or the Citizens' League do the samel We trow not.
They dare not.
TJPE RAIDS that were carried out on
the homes of prominent Labor men,
and the office of The Federationist this
week, if we gather aright, were for the
purpose ot securing evidence to show that
the recent general strike
THEY KNOW in Winnipeg, and the
WOT WHAT other cities for the right
THEY 00. of collective bargaining,
was a huge conspiracy
to overthrow the constituted authority of
the country. We are of tho opinion that
the strike was the result of a conspiracy,
but not a conspiracy on the part of the
workers, but of the employing olass, and
we would suggest that having raided the
homes of Labor men, and the offices of
Labor organizations, that the government
now raid the offices of the committee of
one thousand in Winnipeg, the offices of
the Citizens Committees, and the homes
of the members of these organizations in
the different cities, and if this is done,
there will be sufficient proof that there
was a conspiracy, and that conspiracy was
batched in the brains of the financial magnates of this continent. Not that we have
any hope of this being carried out, as wo
•re well aware that this country is held in
the hollow of the hand of king capital, of
which the financial magnates of this con*
tinent are the spokesmen, and the govern*
ment is only the executive of the capital*
istic interests, not only of this country,
but of this continent. We make bold to
state, that United States financiers com*
pletely control the government of this
country, just as they do that of the United States. Canada is today in bond, is
mortgaged to the moneyed interests of
the United States, and as those interests
dictate, so does the government jump.
e       e       •
It will no doubt have been noticed by
the observant person, that the men arrested in Winnipeg, were taken into tke toils
tf the'law, without evidence against them,
ind that only since thcir arrest have efforts been made to find something on
which to hang an excuse for their having
been arrested. In their dilemma to find
proof of wrongdoing, the homes of men
thousands of miles away were raided by
the authorities, with the hope that something would be found on which thc
charges made against these men could be
built, or substantiated.
•       e       •
From citizens' committees, from the self-
appointed, ucl .-ordained upholders of
"Law and Order," cries of anarchy havo
emanated. While uttering these cries, they
have themselves been displaying tho very
tendencies with which they claim that
Labor is afflicted. They have acted in
many instances contrary to tho very laws
that they are seemingly so very anxious
to uphold. They have openly incited to
violence. They have removed the regular officers of the law, and instituted a
polico force of their own, so that they
could better bring about a state of anarchy in this country. With inflammatory
signs in thc city of Vancouver, they have
urged all and sundry to join the Citizens'
League, so that anarchy might be killed.
In Winnipeg breaches of tho peace wcro
brought about by the special police that
superceded the regular potioe force. They
r«*v deny this, but the/ cannot prove that
this is not so. Do the citizens of this city
know that there are special police on the
poyrollf That every Labor organization
in this city is under surveillance by men
in the ranks of Labor, who are in the pay
of secret service agencies, or of governmental secret service, and that if there
were anarchic tendencies, the government
would have known of them, and havo had
the proof long ere this. But it is not anarchy that they fear, it is the growing
strength and knowledge of the working
class. Canada is conceded tot have the
most intelligent, and the most virile Labor
movement on the continent, if not in the
world. Small it is in numbers, but strong
and virile because of the knowledge of its
members of the economics of capitalism.
This is what is feared. The United States
financial magnates realizing that the
movement in Canada has a far reaching
effect, and that already the moves of
Canadian Labor are being copied in the
United States, decided that it was time
that these new moves were cheeked. Little
realizing that men arc but the victims of
circumstances, and that they move according to the conditions that surround
them, they in their blind ignorance think
that by arresting thc prominent men in
the movement, that the ever-inorcasing
class knowledge of the workers can be
checked. The conspiracy was hatched, in
the minds of the employers. Tho scheme
was to bring about a great industrial upheaval in this country, so that by intimidation, and by American methods of railroading thc officers to goal, they can prevent the spread of intelligent ideas of organization, and crush out the virile working class movement. That they have already failed, is evidenced by the attitude
of the workers in Winnipeg, Calgary,
Vancouver and other cities. That instead
of breaking the movement, they have done
more to solidify it evon at this date, does
not seem to strike them. Further repressive and anarchic methods, which tho government of this country may employ, will
only bring about greater unity amongst
the workers. We should worry at their
madness. They only assist in bringing
about the aim of Labor, which is the establishment of a real democracy, based on
industrial freedom.
JUDGING FBOM THE frequency with
which the Labor men are charged
with attempting to bring about a revolution in this country, there must bc a lot of
people that are of the opinion that the
workers are as ignorant
COVERING as they would like them
UP THEIR to be.    To charge thc
TRACKS. men who have the offi
cial positions in the Labor movement in this country with attempting to bring about tho new order at
this particular time by a revolution, is an
insult to their intelligence, and at the
same time is but a clumsy effort to conceal the real motives of the employing
class. Those who charge labor with any
such imbecility, are either fools or
knaves. We are, however, inclined to believe that they utter the charges not because they believe-them, but because they
realize that they must have an excuse for
a deliberate and malicious attack on the
organized workers.
* *■*      *
In these columns we have repeatedly
pointed out, that capital is international,
and that this "fair Dominion" of ours—
which is cursed with a ruling class that
has neither brains or a sense of their unimportance in the scheme of things—
does not amqunt to as much as does Central Park to Vancouver in municipal matters—in world politics. It is true it has
appeared in the press of this country, that
Canada has now reached nationhood, but
that does not mak#it any more important
in the march of events, or in the process
of disintegration that is now going on in
capitalism. Canada is but an adjunct to
thc United States and Great Britain. It
is but a pawn in the game.
* «      •
With this knowledge, the workers of
this country would be more than foolish
if they were to attempt to bring about a
change by revolution. The present system
must first receive its knockout blow in
thoso countries in which it is fully developed. That the workers of this land will
not have long to wait for this, can bc
plainly seen by those that aro students of
world events. Dcspito all that may be
said to the contrary, the old land, from
which many of the ablest Labor men in
this country came, is today going through
the transition period. It may be tbat
thero will bc no violent upheaval in Great
Britain, but that will depend on the way
thc ruling class acts. If, however, it
Bhould attempt, as did tho Bussian ruling
class, to stem tho tide of democracy by
forco and repressive measures, then the
workers will havo no other recourse but
to tako mass action. We, however, would
prefer that evolution may quietly work
out to its full fruition, but recognize that
no matter what forces aro brought to
prevail against progress, that evolutionary processes, whether brought to a culmination by violent revolution, or by a
peaceful economic revolution, that society
as at present constructed, must give way
to thc new order Chat copitalism has made
possible,
* •      »
Turning, howover, to the position of
tho workers in this country, wc flnd that
they arc placed near to a country that
has a population of over 100 millions, and
that is destined, if it is not already, to bc
the greatest capitalistic nation in the
world, ond tho land whero the advance of
industrial democracy will bo fought by
more drastic measures than in any other
country In the world. The United States
is today tho.centro of tho financial world.
It is the very heart of capitalism, and thc
last stronghold of tho old system. New
in capitalistic development, with vast natural resources, and with a virile peoplo
duo to the blending of nationalities, it has
developed industrialism to tho highest
possible pitch. Drunk with power and
wealth, its ruling class will put up a fight
that can only be imagined. Possibly Jack
London has in hia "Iron Heel" given a
truer picture of the limits that a capitalistic ruling class will go in order to retain
its control of its slaves, than was bcljived
possible. But it must not be forgotten
that the workers of this land who understand the present system, and being* students of history, would never bc so fopljsh
as to attempt to bring about any revolution in this country with those conditions
facing them. The Socialist of today, who is
described as a dangerous red, is the'.'safest and sanest individual in the community. He it*is, that understands that to
advance before the time is ripe, would
bring death and destruction to the working class. They are not aB stated, Anarchists; they are the direct antithesis of
all that stands for individualism, and the
right of any man to be a law unto himself. Eecognizing that society is composed of not only many individuals, but
that it is composed of many nations, they
recognize that capitalism cannot be destroyed in any one country, but tfcat it
must be eliminated the world over. JJcal-
izing that Bociety exists by the co-operative effort of all the workers, and not by
tjie efforts of individuals, or groups of individuals, they also realize that any future state of society must be ushered in
by an enlightened international working
ss. With the situation in Bussia before them, and recognizing that today she
is fighting against the ruling class of the
world, and at the same time realizing that
Canada is but a pigmy alongside of Russia, could any sane person imagine that
it would be possible for the workors to
overthrow capitalistic rule in this country? It certainly was not the members of
organized labor that ever had this
thought in their heads, and whilo Labor
is being accused of attempting a revolution in this country, their accusers lie,
and they know that they lie, when They
make the accusation. They lie to cover
up thc dirty trail that they have left behind, they lie so that the ignorant and uninformed people of the country will not
be able to see the real reason for their
aotions. The forces of reaction are at
work. They would stop the wheels of
progress. With an exaggerated sense of
their importance, urged on by the financial interests of the United States, which
dominate this country, the small fry politicians of Canada who think that they are
statesmen, and have a mission to save democracy for themselves, are doing that
which they least desire, and that is giving
the world an example of what depths oT
folly a hysterical, nightmare soared,-.'.ruling class can descend to, and by so. doing
are giving not only the workers qf ihis
country, but of the world, a true picture
of the nature of governments, and- their
functions, which are to keep slaves" in
subjection, in order that by continuance
of capitalistic domination and exploitation, profits may be wrung from the Waves
of the system. The workers of thii 'country know too much to start revolution^ in
villages, or adjuncts of capitalistic j countries, for that would be playing thc "ruling
class game, and they are not doing that.
But they are prepared to follow iii ihe
footsteps of tho advance made by tjio.in-
tcrnational proletariat, and that, they
realize, is all they can do.
II
A
And the Plutocrats Resent
It by Dubbing Them
Bolshevists
London, England — Reynolds's
Newspaper, one of England's liberal
publications, bas no patience wltb
tho charge of bolshevlsm against
demobilized aoldiers.
"Of all the wi'.d and stupid things
said about the open discontent of
the returned soldiers who are unable to flnd work," says this paper,
"the suggestion that they are actuated by bolshevlsm is about the
most futile."
The editor expresses hla belief
that the very best government ln
the world would not have been able
to prevent all the trouble and dis.
tress, but the reader is asked to
place himself ln the position of
theBe discharged soldiers, who are
looking for work, and who, when
they were risking their lives,
"were assured how much the coun*
try appreciated the sacrifices they
were making, and how it would see
that when the bloodshed was over
everything would be dono to put
them back again Into the sphere
of useful work from whioh they
were taken."
'LEA
If the Citizens' League still desires to
know what the strike vote was, by applying to the R.N.W.M.P. they can no doubt
secure the information. The vote was
taken from the home of the secretary of
the strike committee when the police visited it on Monday. Thc strike committeo
have still got a copy.
The following gem was taken from the
Vancouver Citizen of Monday, June 30;
"Canada should be and is proud of
Winnipeg. She has demonstrated before the world that she stands for the
ANTITHESIS (the emphasis is
ours) of all that is right and
just. She haa blazoned her place on
tbe escutccheon of Canada which has
and will be burnished for many years
to come in her legitimate place won
by hardfought trade policies and desperate battles in the late war."
What in Canada has to be proud
of because Winnipeg stands for tho ANTITHESIS of all that is right and just,
wc aro at a loss to understand, but then
wc knew that citizens' committees and
leagues were composed of people who are
either ignorant or knaves. Those who
object'to this statement ean tako their
choice of whieh list they como under.
The Vancouver Citizen, in what apparently is its valedictory, it having accomplished all the dirty work possible,
thanks Mayor Gale for his firm attitude
and wise leadership in the strike, Organ*
ized labor also thanks Mayor Gale for
having revealed himself for what lie is.
Tho workers now realize that he is but a
peanut politician, without ideas-except
those of his masters, and whieh he so
ably interpreted in the early days of the
strike when he attempted to breaW,' it.
Whilo Mayor Gale has blown up,''there
arc others who have been more clpMly
connected with labor, who also stand revealed and who had better take to the
tall timbers of oblivion before the rank
and file of labor put them in the limbo of
forgotten things. It is not necessajry"to
name them; they will know to whon^ tjiis
applies. When labor takes a stand, no
mntter what the privato opinion of-the
individual member may bc, there is'orjly
one attitudo for honest workers, and" tnat
is with thc class to whioh thoy belong.
Those who have acted with the employers
in this strike, and who havo worked undor cover to break tho strike, cannot longer associate with men who know no loyalty but to the olass from which they
sprung. Liko Judas, they should go and
hang themselves. Their names stink in
thc nostrils of clean, honest workers. They
can take their thirty pieces of silver with
them.
Miserable, Grinding; Toil
Is Workers'  Only
Inheritance
New Glasgow, Nova Scotia—Men
are working at this place from 10
to 12 J4 hours a day near furnaces,
rolling mills and machines, organized steel workers told the commission appointed by the government to seek the cause of social
unrest.
With this long work day, the men
are exhausted and need 10 hours'
sleep for the next day's work, said
the unionists.
What la left for the worth-while
things of life? Three hours! No
wonder the working man's yard Is
not turned Into a garden.
"This Is an existence, but not
life. It Is the heartlesa grind of
thousands of men who begin to
work when they should be ln school
and keep it up until they are broken down old men."
Membership books have been recoived from the genoral secretary of
the 0. B. U. and will be mailed
to all members upon payment of
thoir duos for July. Membera who
have already paid for July will recoivo their books in the course of
tbe next two weeks. Owing to the
strike the work at the office has got
somewhat behind, but noyr that the
strike is over Secretary W, A. Alexander hopes to have things in good
wi -king shape again within a few
days. Tho-matter of onforelng the
new wage scale will bo taken up at
the business moeting next Monday
evening and all members are requested to try and be in attendance.
Go through the setting uf?
exercises in this union*
suit and you won't know!
you have it on. ' *
.The lull blouse above waist bind',
aad the closed leaenrai sized1
seat below live ample room fori
freedom ef every movcmeat.1
Prices, $1.50, $1.75, $2
RICKSON'S
Apparel for Men
820 Granville Street
Bicycle Wanted
WUl the party who took a "__tr-
foct Cycle" from tho Labor Temple
on Thursday morning please return
it to this office. It may have boes
a mistake, but unless it is returnod,
action will be taken to recover same.
What's the Use?
What is the good of money
in the bank, good clothes, or
even good food, if your teoth
are badl Bud teeth discount
good clothes, which merely
call attention to their "badness." Bad teeth spoil good
food—poison it and render it
not merely worthloss as nourishment, but actually injurious. Money in the bank is a
poor consolation for the loss
of health, appearance, physical comfort. Keep your teeth
good if you have them. Come
in and have mo examine them
regularly before decay creeps
in. Regain your teeth if you
have lest then. Allow me to
put your mouth In first-class
condition — handsome aad
wholesome.
I shall he j-Ul to Ull yea whst
yoar loath lock ot perfection aad
will remedjr their coaditioa.
Dr. Lowe
Fine Dentistry
HASTINGS   AND   ABBOTT
Opposite Woodward's
Spend a Pleasant Day
AT THS PICTURESQUE WATERING PLAOE
HORSESHOE BAY
This is one of the rasnjr natural beauty spots for which
Howe Sound is famous.
It is easily reached by the North Vanoouver line of the—
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
through constant change of scenery for twelve and a half
miles. Hourly servioe on Sundays st 30 minutes past tho
hour.
Refreshments and accommodation obtainable at two
hotels.
A Sports Ground, 300x75 feet, is available for excursion
parties.
Take North Vancouver ferry on the hour. Depot adjoining Ferry Wharf.
RETURN FARE 60c
Time Tables mailed on application to Passenger Dept
PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
404 WELTON BLOOK SEYMOUR 9647
"IT MUST BE GOOD!"
"I want to spend so much on a ring, and no matter
what size diamond I can get for that amount, IT
MUST BE OOOD.'!
Whatever you may pay fer a Birkf' Diamond, you have the
strict assurance that it is the highest possiblo quality—a
brilliant, flawless goto, of the correct color and cutting. And
you have VALUE—our direct buying -assures this.
Engagement Ring, at 126, $36, fSO, ITS, III. 1100. 1126, »150 ud
up. We aro pleased to show you whethor you make a purchase et
not.
Oeo, E, Trorey
Managing Dlr.
Oranvllle and
Georgia Sts.
A'
COFFEE
—A Morning
Bracer
The
W. H. MALKIN
Company, Limited
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
The .finest Coffeei grown mast be scientiflcally blended
In order to develop a properly balanced drink.
"MALKDf'8 BEBT" Is the lut word ln Coffee Blend-
tog.	
Talking about citizens being inconvenienced, who are the citizens, the strikers
or the mob of parasites who sell real
estate!
-At J. N. Harvey's Olothing Stores-
.Cool, Comfortable
Underwear
This year—as before—Harvey has a very large
stock of Summer Underwear for Men. Lines
included are the famous B. V. D.—fine Balbriggan—fine cashmere, porous knit and others.
Combination prices are:
$1.50—$1.75—$2.00
Two-piece Underwear prices:
85c and $1.00 a garment
JL N. Hai'vey
Limited
125-127 Hastings St W.
Also 614*616 Tates Stmt, Victoria
Look for the Big Bed Arrow Sign -
DENTAL
PLATES
My method of construction is perfected according
to the fundamental principles of dental science.
All plates are theoretically
eorrect and perfectly
adapted for comfort and
ease" of articulation.
DR. GORDON
CAMPBELL
Opsn Evenings 7 to 8 o'clock
ptnUl Num In Attendants
GRANVILLE ST.
Corner of Robson Street
Over Owl Drag Storo
Phon* Sty. 5831
Don't forget OUB advertisers.
MOT010Y01Z8     AITS    BICTCL1I
If you wint your motorcyols u
bicycle overhauled or rep-tired nt
reasonable prices, pny ua • visit,
Ws boy snd sail used machines et
nil kinds. Ws rtpslr sawing machines. Lswn mowers iharpensd. Get
tv priest before buying.
KRULEY & CO.
SM MAIM ST.  (ml HutfefS)
S.-raoor S751
FIRST CHURCH OP
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1160  OtorfU  Stmt
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7.80 p.m.
Sunday school immediately following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
meeting. 8 pjn. Frst reading room,
001-908   Birks   Bldg.
A. BURCH
Watchmaker
SU OABBALL STBBBT
la Rainier Hotol Blook
SPECIALIZING   IN   WATOH
KEPA1BS
High-grub work promptly ei-
eeutod. Member of Watchmakers'  Union from ita  inception.
DENTIST
Dr.H. E. Hall
OBOWN AND BRUME
SPECIALIST
It HASTINGS EABT
Opposite Heldtn Block
UU atat et a. 0. metric Depot
DOM'I OTOSS-BS SOU
Fhono sop. .mi
DQOTARQDI!
fi«-fifl&aG$a_a
DIOOEPOEAIBD HIS
Bank of Toronto1
Aueti over .
Depodti 	
...1100,000,000
..   79,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Account ner bo
opened tt Tbo Bonk ol Toroito
In tbo nomo of two or moro
porsons. In theso 'accounts cither
PUtr mr sign cheques or depoelt
uonoj*. I'or tho different mefflbess
of s.family or a firm a joint ocoowt
Is often a treat convenience. Interest
is pud on bolsnces.
Vsncouver Branch:
Oonor Hastings ud Oinhie Street,
Branches ot:
Vletorl*,   Korrllt, lew WestndaMr
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest pos
sible consistent wit!
value.
Two Stores:
Society Bran<
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foste
Oaa TOU sell su Jleksssi Md A
dent  Policies 1    Tkt cost   is   sa
($1.00 psr montk and up), tht bsi
Is Urge.
(AU accidents nnd every known i
east covered.)
Ws give good torrlts, and need §
men to repressnt us In sll parts
British Columbin.
Merchants Casualty C
Bogors Bulldlnf      Vsncouvsr, B.
Ring np Phone Seymonr ISM I
appointment
Dr. W. J. Curr
DENTIST
Suite S01 Dominion BnlUlni
VANCOUVEB, B. a
Ur, Union Men, do you buy i
anion storei . FBIDAT.
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FELLOW UNIONISTS
Be consistent and demand tbe Union Stamp on yonr boots and
shoes.  The following local Inns are fair to Organized Labor aid
are worthy of yonr patronage and support:
J. Leckio Co., Ltd., 220 Cambie Street.
Harvey Boot Shop, 51 Cordova St. W.—Custom Making and Bepairs,
W. J. Heads, 20 Wnter Street—Custom Making and Bepairs.
H. Vos te Son, 63 Cordova Stroet West—Custom Making and Bepairs.
Dunsmuir Boot Shop, 631 Dunsmuir Street—Custom Making and
Bepairs.
UNION BEFAIB SHOPS
"Nodelay" Shoe Bepair Company, 1047 Oranvillo Street
Standard Shoo Bepair Shop, 018 Bobson Street.
M B. Thorns, 296 Kingsway.
Woods Ltd. "K" Boot Shop, Cordova and Hastings St. W.
H. C. Spaulding, 5071 Frasor Street, South Vancouvor,
Be progressive, Mr. Shoe Bepalnr, and get in touch with Secretary Tem Cory, MS Vernon Drive.
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B. 0. PRINTING Ai LITHO. CO., Smythe and Homor......
CLARK A STDART, 320 Seymour Street...- _.
COWAN * BROOKHOUSE, Labor Tomple Building....
—Fairmont 301
 Seymour 2S78
 Seymour 328S
 Soymour 8
...Seymour 4490
DUNSMUIR PRINTING CO.,  437 Dimsmulr  Street  Soymour 1106
JEFFERY,  \V.  A.,  2168  Parker  Street  Highland 1187
KERSHAW, J. A.,  639 Howe Streot ....  Seymour 8674
LATTA,  R.  P.,  World  Building _, ....„-»„„...„„  Seymoar 1089
......Fairmont 1988
 N. Van.  68
 Soymour 1091
, N. Van. 80
.: Seym our 9591
MAIN PRINTINO Co., 3861 Main Street...... -.-._—
McLEAN A  SHOEMAKKR,  North Vaneoaver.  ....
MITOHBLIs-FOLEV, LTD., 129 Hastlngi Stroet Welt...
NORTH SHORE PRHSS, North Vancouver -.,.._ ....
PACIFIC PRINTERS, 600 Beatty Street «—.........—
ROEDDE, 0. A., 610 Homer Street  ■ ...Seymoar 214
SUN JOB PRESSES, 187 Pender Street Welt.: Seymour 41
TECHNICAL PRESS,  Mlnei Building, Homer Street Soymour 8838
TIMMS, A. H., 380 Fourteenth Avenue Eut  «.» Fairmont 03111
WARD, KM.WOOD A CO., 818 Homer Street.  .......Seyiaoar 1815
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 673 Granville Stnet Seymonr 8638
WHITE A BINDON, 839 Pender Stnet Wait Seymour 1314
Writ* "Unloa Label" oa Yoar Cepy WftiB Too Seed U to tto Priofcr
J. A. Stevenson Says Some
Caustic Things As
to the Causes
J, A. Stevenson, discuBfling the
Winnipeg strike in the Nation, has
tho following to say, his references
to the returned men should be illuminating to the Q. W. V. A. in this
eity.
The attitude of the returned soldiers, who number many thousands
in Winnipeg nnd who have been extremely critical of tho alien element
in their midst, is sufficient guarantee
of the bona fides of the strike movement. An attempt was made to induce the Oreat War Veterans Association to pass a resolution condemning the Btrike, but its promoters succeeded only in extracting from a
mass meeting of the veterans a vote
expressing a general sympathy with
tho objects of tho strike. The vet-
erans, furthermore, almost to a man
-declined to rejoin the militia regiments, and recently a body of them,
onc thousand strong, paraded to tho
lpcal parliament buildings to demand
legislation concerning moat of the
strikers' claims. Many of the veterans are at present living on liberal
war gratuities and if such is their
present temper, what will be their
attitudo when they find themselves
faced with the conditions which
havo been confronting tho average
worker in Canada for some months!
The Winnipeg strike is one of tho
opening rounds of a conflict whieh
will soon becomo universal in all
countries, whether victorious or vanquished in the war. Professor Veblen, In his Inquiry Into the Nature
of Peace and the Terms of Its Perpetuation, prophesied in 1910 thftt
the conclusion of a political peace
at large was the ono thing necessary
to usher in a bitter social and economic conflict inside all the warring
countries. It came to a head flrst in
Russia on account of the abandoned
corruption and nongovernment attendant on nn outworn institution,
the czardom and its servile bureaucracy. Among the Anglo-Saxon countries a really acute stage has been
reached flrst in Canada for a va*;
ricty of reasons. A large part of her
industrial life is purely artificial, a
hot-house growth produced by high
tariffs, and the fund available in
normal times for distribution between capital and labor employed in
industry is comparatively limited.
Stock watering has been indulged in
to a disgraceful extent, almost unprecedented in tho annals of American finance, and capital unblushing*
ly expects both labor and consumer
to mako sacrifices for the payment
of dividends on notoriously inflated
values. Again, nowhere has elass
privilege been allowed to dominate
the management of war finance to
the same degree. Professor 0. X>.
Skolton of Queens University, the
ablest political economist in Canada,
last year published the following
table showing how bad, from a democratic point of view, are the methods of the Canadian finance minister,
as compared with the fiscal policies
of Oreat Britain .and the United
States. In it he sets forth the proportion of tuxes levied respectively
on property and incomo and those
on consumption, tho latter being obviously more burdensome to the
working class.
Taxei on Properly and Income
Co-operative Notes and Comments
[By Qeorge Keen]
The interallied and neutral co-
operator* meet is Paris it the end
of June. Tho conference is called
br tho French National Federation
of Co-operative Consumers societies.
Tke organized movement ia Canada
will, it is expected, be represented
by Mr. Samuel Carter, M. P. P., pre*
sident of the Co-operative Union of
Canada, who sailed- for England on
Hie 17th inst, The conference will
deal with the corporative programme after the war and the economic
relations of the subjects, organization of commercial relations between
the co-optrative wholesale societies
of each nation, the establishment of
an interallied co-operative committee, and the character of the futuro
activities of the International Co
operative Alliance.
A rigorous epistolary passage at
arms has taken place between the
present writer and Alderman Fisher
of Winnipeg. That gentleman is the
grain buyer of tho Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Socioty. He is the
big business man in Wostorn Canada
of the working class, co-operators of
Scotland, and indirectly of the rest
of the United Kingdom also. The
business transactions on their behalf
conducted by him run into millions
of dollars annually, and there is no
doubt he has, sinco his appointment
to the position thirteen years ago,
givon them able and conscientious
service. Exception is, however,
taken to his activities against organized labor in tho dispute at Winnipeg as being contrary to co-operative principles, policy and practice,
and an embarrassment to the co-operative movoment in Canada.
Mr. Fisher justifies his attitude on
tho merits of the disputo itself. He
urges that the strike was declared
by some of thoir leaders as a Soviet
government, that Labor is badly led,
that a dangerous set of men aro in
control, and that Labor will certainly be tho loser. That may or may
not bo true, but it is not germane to
tho point so far as co-operators are \
concerned. It affords no justification, in tho opinion of. the present
writor, and which ho feels wilt be
confirmed by his fellow co-operators,
for active association with the profiteering section of tho community
against organized -labor. If the
working people of Winnipeg today—
and they represent tho majority of
its citizens—havo mado a bad selection of representatives of their interests, they will suffer from thoir
folly, and no doubt profit by their
i£MakcB.    No body of_ men is in-
Twenty Billions
Tear Amount
Great Britain
1915-18   £163,000,000
1016-17      879,000,000
1917-18      495,000,000
United States
1916-17   $125,000,000
1917-18  ...... 3,321,000,000
Canada
1915-16 ._..
191617 ....
1917-18 ....
11,300,000
18,100,000
22,300,000
Taxes on Consumption
50
74
BI
17
60
1
8
11
Amount
Percent.
44
36
19
20
99
92
89
Tear
Oreat Britain
1915-16 .  £128,000,000
1916-17   135,000,000
1917-18   118,000,000
United States
1916-17   f601.000.000
1917-18  v 795,000,000
Canada
1915-16   1,123,400,000
1916-17  160,900,000
1917-18 ...... 176,700,000
Since the war began, Canada has
raised only a beggarly eighty (million
dollars by direct taxation. If she
had taxed on tho scale of New Zea
lund, another British Dominion, she
could havo secured at least two hundred and fifty million, and could
hftvo effected largo reductions in her
consumption levies. '
Tho figures furnished by the Dominion Statistical department ae
late as February 15, 1919, also show
tbe Canadian workman to be in a
much worse position than his American brothor. The following are some
examples of comparative prices in a
list of food commodities at Winnipeg and St. Paul.
'     Winnipeg St. Pan!
Prunes,  lb,   (cents)   ....    28 19.4
Coffee, lb  a    41,5       80.8
Tea,  lb.   -_.    65 68.8
Sugar,  lb ——    V1.&       11,1
Corn, per can ..............    23 17.9
On the other hand, there is a very
decided inferiority in the Canadian
artisan's rates of pay, according to
the comparative statemont if wagea
in fifteen specified occupations of
whilch tho following six may be taken as typical:
Canada
Blacksmiths (cts. pr. hr.)    57.8
Bricklayers   ...—   63.5
Carponters ..„ _ .—.    51
Moulders .... ...„..-     63
Plumbers  -     66.S
Sheet Metal Workers ....    65.8
Within recent weeks prices have
taken a further bound. Eggs, for instance, aro at seventy cents per do*-
and clothing has reached almost
famine pricos, while the Dominion
Textile Company announces a thirty-
one per cent, dividend on stock originally valued at ten dollars a share,
and held at one hundred rind ten dollars today. It is well known that
tho packing companies and cold-storage firms are exporting enormous
Suantitieu of food, and that Cana-
ian prices aro boing fixed by the
needs and demands of starving Bur-
ope. Tho knowledge, too, that the
richer classes had in many cases
enormously incroasod thoir fortunes
by war profits and had been offered
by thoir generous friend, Sir Thomas White, and easy avenue to escape
thcir proper share of taxation by Investment in free-tax bondi, added
fuel to the flames.
British capitalists in 1913 • had
twenty billions of dollars invested
outside tho British Isles. This investment yielded an annual income
fo about one million dollars. The
capitalists of Oreat Britain, at tho
outbreak of war, were the great*
est investors on earth.
British investments were scatter*
od North, East, South and West,—
on every continent; in -every im-
billions were invested in Canada;
billion and a half was invested
respectively in Australia, South
Africa an in India and Ceylon.
Nearly four billions wore invested
in the United States. Thero wcro
also largo investments in Argentine,
guuy Peru, etc. Oreat Britain also
had invetments in Europe,—a third
of a billion in Bussia; forty millions
of dollars in France, and in Germany
thirty millions of dollars,
British investments, liko all other j
investments, went in to tho junox-,
plotted countries. Oermany, with
hor teaming population and her
great wealth;' and France, one of
the richest nations in Europo, received practically no British capital.
The investments of Britain in Brazil
were nearly twenty times her investments in France. This waa not
because Britain cared more for
Brazil than she did for France, but
because the Brazilian rato of inter*
u. a
68.1
61.2
62.7
56,9
77
66.1
Tht Vancouver Citizens' League
moved on Thursday. But we notice
that the cobwebs of old and bar
baric ideal still olina; to its membership.
fallible, and even though tne executives' of co-operative societies ia
Catoada were to make mistakes in
policy it would feel, much erabsrres-
sed by, and strongly resent, the active association against them of
trades union officials with the capitalist business interests whioh an
ia genoral and permanent opposition
ty both the co-operative and Labor
movements and for similar reasons.
Mr. Fisher has heen told, insofar
as the present writer is justified in
expressing their opinions, that Cana*
difln co-operators are not concerned
in the rivalries betwoen craft and
industrial unioni, and the One Big
Union, Labor must bo loft to settle
their domestic differences between
themsolves. Tho hope of industrial
co-operators Is that thoy will be settled In a manner which will maintain the solidarity of Labor. It is
the practice of co-operators in other
lands to work in sympathy with the
trados union movement. When the
general strike at Dublin was on, the
strikers and their families were fed
bv the Co-operative Wholesale Society, in co-operation with the British trades union movement, at eost
prico. Orgunized capitalism in Dub*
lin was so powerful that it compelled
a steamship company to dump merchandise out of a steamer and into
the wharf; a steamer which had actually been chartered by the C. W.
S. to relieve the starving people of
Dublin. Tho big co-operative federation overseas had difficulty by diverting one of its own steamers to
the purpose. When the Northumberland Miners Union (England)
had declared a strike and sought to
borrow from capitalist bankers
against gilt-edged securities, they
found there was "nothing doing."
In, thcir dilemma they appealed to
tho banking department of the Cooperative Wholesale Socioty, which
promptly declared it was propared
to finance them to the extent of
their needs. The lesson then learnt
of tho folly of buttressing capitalistic financial institutions with working class funds has caused hundreds
of, labor unions to mako the Co-operative Wholesale Society their bankers.
Co-operators do not believe in
rough houso" methods by capitalist governments, pr by bodies with
which co-operators may bo in strong
general sympathy. Thoy beliove in
a free press and free speech; that
freo democracies have a right to the
unfettered consideration of any poll-:
tj.cn! theory, howevor unpalatable,
which may be offered, so long as it
is advanced in a way which will not,
ot 'Itself, provoko a breach of the
peaoe. Tho people of froe democracies, if they aro to protect thcir own
interests, must be permitted to sift
the political wheat from the chaff,
and'not be compelled to digest the
carefully selected political diet rammed down their throats in the inter-
■ep.ts of capitalism by the authorities,
who, for the time boing, may happon
to tie ln control of the machinery of
government. Co-operators prefer to
aleot people whose principles may be
opposed to their own, or whose ideas
Jiay, in thoir opinion, be subversive
f the interests of democracy by an
argument rather than a club. For
this reason tho Co-operntivo halls
in Scotland are frequently the only
meeting places in that country
which radical political thinkers can
secure to express their viows.
Tho writer has juBt recoived
copy of tho Scottish Co-operator of
Juno 6th, printed by tho Scottish Cooperative Wholesalo Society, and
which may bo regarded as the organ
of that groat democratic industrial
and commercial institution. He
fools that the action of Alderman
Fisher, the 8. C. W. S. representative at Winnipeg, is not of service
to Canadian co-operators in tho direction indicated in the following
editorial note takon therefrom:
"Reference has repeatedly been
mado hore t8 tho steady approach to
closer working arrangements between these great working class institutions—-tne trado unions and the
It is not
▼ANOOTTvTBB, b. 0,
FAGEFTVB
IN OF MYSTERY
HELP ALONG!
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
oat wag highor. .
France, like Britain, wae an in-,cooperative movement,
vesting nation . French capital like only "> Britain, howeevr, that thu
British capital, went in to the homo ?!»«* of active eupport is manifest-
market whilo tho homo market paid lng >t»olt- I*-. Amorica, where there
well. The timo came, however, aro welcome signs of great and rapid
when the homo market ceased to S'.«_^ j?/operation, we note *j80
pay. Then French capital, like *'B,th satisfaction that in a number
British capital went abroad. Britain "J distncto thore is a distinct ten-
had practically nothing invested in t den°y '•" ini» unionist and co-op-
Franco and Germnny. Germany and,CTator "> **«PP*-rt one another.
Franco had practically nothing invested in Great Britain. Np devel*.
opcl capitalist country ia a good investment market, becauso capitalist
countries are glutted with capital
and the ratos of roturn on investments are low.
Capital seeks paying investment
opportunities. If pounds sterling
will bring 10 per cent, in Brazil as
against 5 per cent, in Franco, as a
matter of course, they go to Brazil.
Modern industrial socioty is built
on the proposition that wealth goes,
not whero it is most neoded, but
where it will yield tho highost interest rate. While such a theory underlies social organization, women
will continue to overwork in Lancashire, children will starve in Glasgow, and the workers of Great Brit- mus meeting ia
ain will demand in vain a living ^j N Tmk cit7 whloh -,*-■
wage out of the products created by ,."     ' ,      . _ ..
thoir own labor. Meanwhile, the lo»« >"> «™">b««« " "he el the
British capitalists will continue to mont remarkable demonstration! of
invest abroad vast sums of wealth j ita gind over hold in that historic
whioh hat been created by British meeting place.
labor in order that the British own-1 ■■From the moment that tht chairing class may reap an additional man of the People's Council, Louis
harvest from the exploited toil of P. Loclinor, called the enthusiastic
foreigners. 'gathering to order and presonted aa
Groat Britain, with her twenty Ml- the chairman of the evening, Dr.
llona in foreign investment, stood Etoderic C. Howe, United Statos
at the pinnacle of economlo power commissioner of immigration^ thero
FORM
A   Remarkable   Demonstration Greets Prominent Speakers
On Bunday evening, Hay 25,1019,
the People's CouncU of America
conducted a "Justice for Bussia"
Madison   Square
in 1013. France, her nearest rival,
had only about ton billions invested
abroad. Germany had two billions
less. The whole world was paying
tribute to Great Britain becauso
Great Britain owned so large a share
of tho productive capital and useful
resources of the earth. Workers, in
every quarter of the globe woro
sending a part of their product to
the British capitalists who owned
the resources and machinery with
which they must work in order to
live.
Twenty billions! The seal of British power.
Twenty billions in foreign investments! The bounds of British dom-
lonion.
Twenty billions worth of resources and machinery ownod by capitalists in one eountry; sorved by work*
ers oa foreign soil—slaves to the
absentee landlords who reap whore
they have aot sowed. Whilo these
twenty billions and other billions
like thom remain, tht world cannot bc froel
was scarcely a reference to tho Soviets that was not punctuated with
thunderous applause.
At times it was difficult for the
Spdakors to resume thoir discourse,
for the audience, carried ofl by
some particularly cloquont passage,
would rise to their feet, throw hats
into the air, and for minutes at a
time continue to applaud.
The speakers, besides Dr. Howe,
were Rev. John Haynes Holmes of
the Church of the Messiah, Dr.
Judah L. Magnes, chairman of the
Jewish Kehillah (community), Mr.
Lincoln Colcord, one of the editors
of "Tha Nation," and Mr. Amos
Pinchot. It was generally remarked
that the speakers, all of whom enjoy enviable reputations aa platform
orators, outdid themselves on this
occasion, and rose to heights seldom
equalled even by themselves.
Ths meeting throughout embodied
that mingling of solemnity and fervor which to sympathizers seems to
have characterized the whole sf the
Bussian social revolution
Crosses and Recrosses the
Pacific—Man Without
a Country
[By Francis Ahern]
The deportation of Paul Freeman,
a copper miner, was ordered by the
Australian government ou January
23 last Oa that day ha was thrown
aboard tha "Sonoma," aad orders
were given that he bs landed at
San Francisco. But oa arriving
there he protested against any such
action, and, as tha U. 8. A. government also failed to see why he should
be set at Urge ia that eountry, ho
remained oa hoard the "Somona."
The result ia tbat ever since tbat
date ho has been travelling forward
aad backward across the ocean.
Twice ho haa crossed the Pacific and
twice he has returned. And on every
occasion whon the "Sonoma" reach'
ed its destination, guards boarded
the vessel and kopt a watchful eye
on him lest he should leave hiB floating habitation. Today, to aU intents
and purposes, Paul Freeman is a
man without a country—a modern
Wandering Jew.
What is the mystery surrounding
tho treatment accorded himf Why
was he deported without a trial, or
without even a charge preferred
against himf Nobody knows—not
even Freeman.
Paul Freeman was interviewed by
tho special Australian representative
of thiB journal. He is a kindly-faced
nice-mannered man of 85 yours of
age, polite and courteous in every
way. An intelligent looking head,
curly black hear, clean-shsven face
and proportionate build, by no means
betoken him to be a sturdy copper
kniner. His conversation, carried out
in gentle voice, give ono tho impression that he ia at any rato a
well-read man with a good idea of
what he is talking about.
Ho nursos no ill-feeling against
the guards who watch him. Paul
Freeman is not of the revengeful
type. And they in turn freely admit
that he gives them no trouble whatever. "They're good chaps," ho
said. "They know my position, and
foel sorry for mo. Why should I
blame them. Thoy are doing their
duty. No, I've no kick coming to
them."
Since the Sonoma arrived at 9yd-
ney, May 27 last, he has undergone
a hunger strike. As this dispatch
is being written fivo days have pass*
ed and no food haB passed the lips
of Paul Freeman, It is his way of
protesting against his incarceration.
Ho showed, at the time of writing,
unmiatakablo signs of this fact. His
cheeks were pinched, his eyes dull,
and his whole appearance frankly
haggard. He haa developed the habit of talking to himself in a low
voice as he walks to and fro in the
little saloon where he hi quartered,
wearing a heavy overcoat to keep
himself warm.
Paul Freeman Is not an alien. He
is a Canadian by birth, though he
has worked many years in tho mines
of Pennsylvania, Nevada, and Montana. Twelvo years ogo he was living for some timo along tho Pacific
coast—San Francisco, Seattlo, Taeoma and Vancouvor. Eight years
ago ho went to Australia and follow*
cd mining in silver and copper.
Whilo working on his copper claim,
eighty miles in the bush from the
town of Cloncurry, North West
Queensland, he was arrested on January 8,1919, and without any charge
preferred against him, takon to Sydney, thrown into prison, until January 23 when ho was taken and forcibly put aboard the oceanic steam-
Bhip "Sonoma" then just about to
leave for San Francisco. And ho has
remainod thoro over sinco. At San
Francisco, the authorities 'were not
satisfied with his citizenship, while
Freeman himself refused to land, but
claim of the right to go back to Australia and be charged for any offense he was alleged to be guilty
of. But the Australian military authorities refuse to lay nny charge
against him, but hold him excom-
mu n ic ado until the boat leaves
again.
Ho is undergoing a hunger strike
in ordor to try and forco tho authorities to take him ashore, and
give him a trial in open court. The
military authorities are demanding
tho right to feed him by force, but
tho steamship company's doctor refuses to allow anything of that nature to be done. Tho steamship company wish to get rid of Paul Freeman, because thoy stato that tho
Austrnlian government is not paying
them for tho presence of Freeman
on their v-osscl. Ho la a surplus nnd
non-paying passongor that they
would liko to seo the last of. Thoy
demand that as the Australian government placed him aboard tho ship,
and assured them he was all right,
tho same government should tako
him off again.
Freeman has written to the military authorities in Australia demanding to know why he is being
deported, and why he is denied a
trial, but ho gets no answers to his
letters. Ho states himself Hint tho
reason for his deportation, as far as
he can judge, is that he was working a copper mine, and struck it rich
and that mining companies got jealous of hiro. Thoy played tho part
of spy and agont-provocateur, and
wore responsible for his deportation.
They alleged him to be a foreigner,
and as such—liable to ■deportntion.
But it turns out that ho is n British
subject. That perhaps accounts for
tho refusal of-tho Australian government, seeing it has mndo a mistake, to givo him a trial—for he
suro has a good caso for damages
at law.
He states that he intend? to persist in his hunger striko and compel
tho military to take him off tho vessel and give him a now trial. If
they do not do that ho says he will
starve to death, which he prefers to
tho hellish treatment handed out to
him at present,
The labor council of New South
Walos has now takon a hnnd in tho
mattor and has demanded that he
be handed over and given a trial,
with a chance to provo his innocenco
of the charges stackod up against
him. Whether he will bo taken off
tho steamer Sonoma'romains to be
seen. There is reason to believe that,
owing to the hostility aroused
agninst ths government ovor tho
matter, that he will not accompany
the Sonoma on her trip to Snn Francisco on June 1
NATIVES DO NOT
Do Not Like New Zealand
Administration of
Samoan Islands
According to information from
the Samoan Islands, it would leem
that tia native, wilding in tbat
part »f Samoa which wai Oerman
territory bofore tbe war ate highly
dissatisfied with the adminiatration
of tbeir eountry by New Zealand,
which hai a mandate over tbat part
of the captured Oerman Paelfle _ot-
lessious. So serious indeed ia the
discontent that recently over 100
chiefs demanded that tbeir-eountry
would be placed under the protection of the United Statos.
Much of the discontent arises becauso of tho awful influenza scourge
which carried the natives off like
(lies. Bightly or wrongly the natives say that much of the mortality
was dne to the inhuman and lax administration of tbe territory by the
New Zealand government. It is
vouched for that fully one-fifth of
tbo people of Western Samoa are in
their grates as a result.
Tbo distressed natives are able to
look across tho border line of American Camps, which by precise and
carefully carried out measures
escaped infection, and naturally
they wish to be united with a country that can protect their Uvea.
There are other reasons for discon
tent but tbqr MM Mtte
here,
J. Samoan planter, writing ft tht
capitalistic preu of Hit  IwImI
statos that when th* Samoan native!
beard tbat New Zealand wu five*
a mandate over tke captured lent.
tory tkey were rery depressed. Be
further stated thtt If a veto «M
taken it would ahow tkest tnta-
whelmingly in favor of living I
the American nag. If thie h
then, it goes to prove thtt datfttt
the famous Fourteen Points enunei-
ated by President Wilson about
"lelf-delettninatiot," these native!
are being governed by New Zealand
very much againat their wish.
We ean be sure of one fact, hen*
ever—that they will not be gives
the opportunity tt expressing their
wish on thia matter. The fact that
the Samoan Island! an exceedingly
rich and that a fair sliee of tkt
richness will beneeforth ft into tkt
hands of British capitalists will demand tbat the Union Jack will .
henceforth fly over that part of Samoa whieh waa captured fron. tht
Germans wkether tbe natives—tkt
real owners of tht eountry, by tkt
way, lika.it or not.
Labor'! mttttamt
Kingaton—Three men were killed
and another ao terribly scalded that
he may die, when t mud plug 6a tht
steamer Atioka blew out Tht
steamer ia being -overhauled by tht
Montreal Transportation Company,
The dead are John Ferguson and T.
J. Cody, and Thoa. Oibaon, af Kingston, and tke injured man la Alexexr
der Watte. Escaping steam made it
impossible to get the men out for
about fifteen minutes. Both Cody
and Ferguson are married men with
a family-
Buy at a union atore.
Here They Are, Indexed for Ton
Mr. Union Man, Out This Out and Oive It to Yonr Wife
.   Banks
Bank of Toronto, Hasting! ft Cambie; Victoria, Merritt aad New Weat-
Boyal Bank of Canada, 12 Branches in Vancouver, 29 in B. C.
Union Bank of Canada, Hastings and   Bichards; Cordova and Abbott,
Mount Pleasant.
Shelly's...
Bakeries
..Phone Fairmont 44
Tisdalls Limited-.
Kruley * Co	
J. A, Flott..._	
Bicycles
Poekct Billiard Parlor...
Billiards
...618 Haatinga Street Weet
..348 Main Street, Seymour S751
.Hastings Street West
-.42 Hastings Street East
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms) Haatinga Street East
Boots and Shoes
Johnstons Big Shoe Store—..... . 40D*Hastings West
-"■-■*-      -    119 Hastings BtreotEaat
Goodwin Shoe Co.,
Nodelay Shoe Co...
Pierre Paris	
Wm. Dick Ltd...
Ingledew Shoe Store...
...1047 OranviUe Street
.64 Hastings Street Weat
 .Hastings Street Eaat
~6M OranviUe Street
Bank Buffet	
Good Eats Cafo...
Trocadcro Cafe...
Cafe*
 Corner Haatinga and Homer Streeta
 110 Cordova and 622 Pender Wert
  ISO Hastings Street West
Millar * Coe. Ltd...
China ware and Toys
...419 Hastings Street West
Cigars   ^^^^^^^^^^
Bl Doro and aU Union Label Cigars
Clothing: and Gent's Outfitting:
Arnold & Quigley.  .. .__. 540 Oranrille Street
Claman's Ltd _ —_. 153 Hastings Street Woat
Clubb te Stewart...
)-316 Hastings Street West
 342 Hastings Street West
■128 Hasting! Street Bast
B. C. Outfitting Co.- 	
B. 0. Tailoring Co    	
Wm. Dick Ltd 33-40 Hastings Streot East
Thos. Fostor 4 Co., Ltd  614 OranviUe Street
J. W. Foster ft Co., Ltd.: 346 Hastings Street Weat
J. N. Harvey Ltd  185 Hastings West and Victoria, B. 0.
Hudson's Bay Co 	
Tho Jonah-Prat Co	
New York OutflUtiug Co.
Bickson's...
-.Corner OranviUe and Georgia
-.401 Hastings Street Wert
...143 Hastings Street Weat
OranviUe Stroet
David Spencer Ltd     ..-.Hastings Street
W. B. Brumitt  Cordova Street
Thomas ft McBain...
Woodwards Ltd...
T. B. Cuthbertsons le Co...
...Granville Street
...Hastlnga and Abbott Streeta
Kirk ft Co., Ltd	
Macdonald Marpole Co...
 Granville Street and Hastings Street
Coat
 029 Main St., Seymour 1441 and 405
 _  1001 Main Street
^^^^^^ Dairies
Hillcrest Dairy
w_m^^__   Dentists
Drs. Brett Anderson and Douglas Cassclman _.-.._602 Hastings West
Dr. W. J. Curry    801 Dominion Building
Dr. Gordon Campbell   Corner Granville and Bobson Street!
Dr. H. E. Hall 19 Hastings Street Bast, Seymour 4041
Dr. Lowe............ „ Corner Hastings and Abbott Street*
Drinks
Bank Buffott	
Britannia Boer.	
Cascade Beer	
Taxi—Soft Drinks-
Van Bros -	
..Cor Hastings and Homer Streeta
 Westminster Brewery Co.
..... Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
  409 Dunsmuir Stroot
 ....—.-.Ciders and wince
Dry Goods
Gordon Drysdale Ltd _  —....Oranvillo Street
Florists
Brown Bros, ft Co. Ltd _ 48 Hastings But and 728 OranviUe Street
Funeral Undertakers
Center ft nanna T.td  : 10*10 Georgia, Seymour 242S
Nunn, Thomson ft Qlegg  _.  —.631 Homor Street
Furniture
Hastings Furniture Co    41 Hastings Stroet West
Cuniulinn Furniture Co.   Hastings Street Wost
Groceries
Cal-Van Market     Hastings Street Opposite Pantages
Slaters" (threo stores)— Hastings, Qrunvvllo and Main Streets
S. T. Wallace Markcturia - 118 Hastings Streot Wost, Seymour 1266
Woodwards—   -...Hastings and Abbott Streeta
Bpencors Ltd   -    Hastings Street
Hudson's Bay Co   _ -.—  Granville Street
Insurance
Merchants' Casualty Co —_.. ....Sogers Building
Jewelers
Birks Ltd,—   - Granville and Georgia Streot*
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin. ._ _(Malkln 's Bost)
■Twin Bute-
Overalls and Shirts
..(Jns. Thomson ft Sons, Vancouver, B. C.*»
Big Horn" Brand - (Turner Bcetou ft Co., Victoria, B. C.j
Paints
Huntor-Hcndcrson Paint Co-   642 Granvillo Stroet
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookhouse — _ —
Holland Dibble.  — —
 Labor Tomple
 Tower Buildingv
P. 0. B...
J. A. Flett...
Railways
 and the......
-C. N. h.
Tools
Martin, Finlayson ft Mather...
...Hastings Street Wert
-Hastings Street Weet
Empress	
Theatres and Movies
Orpheum . Pentagon _ Columbia .
Mapla* Leaf PAGE SIX
blbvbnth tear. No. 27     THE BKmSH COLUMBIA FEDERAT10N1OT      T__Ni_»jnna_, _. a
I
The Real
Reason
There is a reason for all things. So there mnst
bc a reason for the tremendous and instant success of the CAL-VAN-MARKET.   There is.
The High Cost of Living has made serious
inroads in the average man's income. He is
demanding the necessities of life at reasonable
prices. THE CAL-VAN-MARKET has gone a
long way to solve that problem—elimination
of all Middlemen's profits—foodstuffs sold direct from the Producer to the Consumer at tremendous savings. Truly, a good reason why
you should investigate THE CAL-VAN-
MARKET.
Cal-Van Market
HASTINGS  SI.
OPPOSITE PAKTAOES
The Parallel of Revolution
Clubb & Stewart
LIMITED
309-315 Hastings St. West
Established in Business 29 Years
Our reputation for reliable goods and a square
deal for everybody is known to you all.
Whether you pay us $18.00 or $50.00 for a suit,
you get value for the money received. We guarantee satisfaction.
Working Shirts, Gloves and Overalls in Best
Quality.* The best is none too good for you.
UNION STORE
Vancourer Unions
TRADES AMD LABOR COUNCIL—Ex-
centi™ committee: Preildent, E.
Winch; Tice-pretidont, J. K»v«nagb;
treM-arer, F. Knowles; iergetnt-*t-»rmi,
W. A. Alexander; tratteei, W. A. Frit-
ehard, W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell, H.
Gutteridge; iecretary, V. H. Midgley,
Room 210 Libor Temple.
ALLIED   PRINTING   TRADES   COUN-
dl—Meete    eecond    Monday    in    the
montk.    President, J. F, McConnell; •«•
retary, R. H. Neeliwdn, P. O. Box 66.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
flnt Monday in each montb, 6 p.m. Pres*
ident, Joseph O'Connor; vice-president
. A. Beamish; recording eecretarr, Mrs.
F. A. Dolk, F. O. Box 503. Phone
Ser. S261L; financial secretary, Robt.
McNelsh, P, O. Box 608.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA-
tlonal Union of America, Local No.
190—Meete second and fonrth Tuesday!
Ia the month, Room 206 Labor Temple.
President, C. E. Herrltt; secretary, 8. U.
Grant, 820 Cambie Btreet.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Bnlldora and Helpers of
Amerlea, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m. President,
M. A. McEaehern, 1245 Alberni St.; secretary-treaiurer, Angus Fraier, 1161
Howe Street; business agent, J. A,
Moore, Room 212 Labor Temple.
BRIDGE STRUCTURAL ORNAMENTAL
and Reinforeed Ironworkers, Local 97
■—Meets aecond and fourth Mondays,
Preaident Jas. Hastings; financial aeeretary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, 1646
12th Ave. East.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS,
Loeal No. 617—Meets every second
■ad foarth Monday evening, 8 o'clock,
Labor Temple. President, M. McKen-
lie; seoretary, J. R. Campbell; business
agent and financial secretary, T. Thom,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Phone Bey.
7495.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL No.
218—Meeta at 440 Pender Street
West, every ' Monday, 8 p.m. President, n. H. Woodside, 440 Pender W.;
neordlng aeeretary, W. Foulkes, 440 Pender Street West; financial secretary and
bnsiness agent, E. H. Morrison, 440
Pender Street Weat; assistant iecretary,
F. R. Borrows.
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EM
ployees, Local 28—Meets every first
Wednesday in the montb at 2:80 p.m.
and every third Wednesday ln the month
It 9:60 p.m. President, Harry Wood;
secretary and business agent, W. Mackenzie, office and meeting ball, 614 Pender St. W. Phone Sey. 1681. Office
houra:   11 to  12 noon; 2 to 6.
iNTERNATIONAL JEWELRY WORK-
era' Union—Moots 2nd and 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Temple. President, W.
Holmes, Colonial Apta., Bnrrard Street;
secretary-treasurer, D. J. Snell, 916
Dnnsmulr Stroot.
E O LOGGERS' UNION—Afflliated
with B. C. Federation of Labor and
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—
An Industrial union of all workers ln
logging and construction camps. Headquarters, 61 Cordova Street West, Vancouver, B. 0. Phone Suy, 7856. E.
Winch, secretary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Macdonald ft Co., Vancouver, B. C; auditors, Messrs. Buttar
ft Chlene, Vancouver, B. 0,
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S
Association, Local 8852—Office and
hall, 804 Pander Street West. Meets
flrst and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman; business
agent. P.  Sinclair.	
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 048—
lleeta first and third Tuesdays of eseh
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
H. E. Willx; recording secretary, Fred
Lilly; financial secretary and business
agent, T. W. Anderson, 687 Homer St.
ferERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF
Nnrlh America (Vnncouver and vicinity)—Branch meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room BO-l Lnbor Temple. President, Wm. Huntor, 310 Tenth Ave. North
Vancouver; flnnncial secretary, E. God-
derd, 666 Richards Street: recording sec
retary, J. D. Russell, 028 Commercial
Drive.    Phone High. 2204R.	
Shipyard laborers, riggers and
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union BBA,
Berlin 6—Meets the 2nd And 4th Fridays
of the montb, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
President, John Sully; financial aeoretary, M. A. Pholps; business agent and
corresponding seeretsry, W. Loe, Office,
Room -19-220 Lsbor Temple,
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM
and Operating Engineers, Local No.
620—Meete every Monday, 7:80 p.m.,
Labor Temple. President, Dave Hodge,
677 Richards Street, City; vice-president,
Frank Hunt, 1922 Second Avenue Weat;
aeeretary-treasurer and busineu agent,
W. A. Alaxander, Room 216 Labor Temple.   Phone Seymour 7496.
Street  and  electric railway
Employeu, Plomeer Division, Ht. 101
|—Meeta A. O. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant,
1st and 3rd Mondays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell; recording aeeretary, -• V. Lofting, 6289 St. Catherine*
Street; treasurer, E. 8. Cleveland;
financial aeeretary and business agent,
Fred A. Hoover, 2400 Clark Drive; office
corner Prior and Main streets.
GENERAL TEAMSTERS AND OHAUF-
feur's Union, Local No. 656—Meeta
every 2nd and 4th Wednesdaya 8 p.m.
President, W. M. Brown; business agent,
F. Haslett, 126 Fifteenth Avenue East;
financial socretary, Birt Showier, 1120
Robson Street; phone Sey. 6679. Offico
587 Homer Street.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 226—
Meets last Sunday of each month at
2 p.m. Preaident, W. H. Jordan; vice-
president, W. H. Youhill; secretary-
treasurer, R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meets
In annual convention in January. Excutive officers, 1918-19: President, J.
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vanconver;
vice-presidents—Vancouver Island; Cumberland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prince Rupert, Geo. Casey; Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell; New Westminster, Geo. McMurphy; West Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Roberts; Crow's
Nest Pass, W. B. Phillips, Fernie, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary-treasurer, A. S.
Wells, Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.,
Vancouver, B. 0. 	
VICTORIA, R. 0.
VICTORIA   AND   DISTRICT   TRADES
and Lnbor Council—Meets first and
third Wednesdays, KnightB of Pythias
Hal), North Park Street, at 8 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vice-president, T.
Dooley; secretary-treasurer, Christian
Siverts, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria, B. 0,
NORTH VANCOUVER
U. B. OF CARPENTERS AND JOIN-
ers, Local 1777—Meets first and third
Mondays In I. 0. 0. F. Hall, Lower Kioth
Road East, at 8 p.m. President, H. H.
Foster; flnnncial secretary, W. C. Smith,
cor. Sutherland and Kieth Road East,
North Vnncouver.
PRINOE RUPERT, B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LA-
bor Council—Meets second and fourth
Tuesdays of each montb, In Carpenters'
Hall. President, W. E. Thompson; secretary, Geo. Ruddcrham, Box 27D, Prince
Rupert, B. 0.
Pantages
Poppel and Crawford'« pretentious
musical comedy offering, "Tho 1919
Song and Danco Revue," featuring
Kathryn and Toots McConnell, Ford
Hnnford and n bevy of chorus beau-
tics, will bo tho big attraction at
tho Pantages Thentro this weok.
For another feature Manager Pantages has arranged for tho appear-
ance of Joseph GreenwaW, Hebrew
comedian, and his players in thcir
latest comedy success, "Lots and
Lots." This is said to bc ono of tho
funniest acts tho circuit ■has played in a long time.
Bcttw Brooks is a pretty girl with
personality, who is known in vaudeville as "Thc Gladstone Girl."
Singing is her specialty.
Myers and Weaver, "The Arkansas Travollcrs," are also expectod to
bc in the forefront of tho entertainment, Amorous and Obey, man and
pretty maid, aro Parisian ecccn-
triqucs, who feature acrobatic dancing and tumbling; Bert Melrose, the
international clown, also will bo
present and will oblige with the
famous "Melrose fall."
With your help we ean have a
workors' parliament at Ottawa in
1920. BEGISTEB NOW.
[By Lincoln Colcord]
While Europe pauses on tbe brink
of the economic abyss, and whilo our
leaders at Paris, the nest that the
present order of democracy could
produce, are concluding tho -demonstration of their unfitness to govern
the world, it behooves us to havo in
mind a clear view of what has already happened and a dispassionate
vision of what logically is to come.
For tho whole situation is eminently
logical. It is necessary only to be
quite simple-minded ,and to remember the first principles of universal
human nature. .Then we see how
absurdly simple thc present riddle of
Europe is—how old, too. The whole
history of humanity seems to cluster
about that same riddlo; over and
over again, in blood nnd anguish, its
answer has been written into the
records of races and empires. Men
dig it up on tablets, out of tho moui-
dering ruins of prehistoric days. If
tho earth could suddenly become
vocal with all its aching story of
human life, that riddle, that answer,
would rise abovo the reBt in tremendous and mournful cadence. The riddle is tho conflict between arbitrary
authority and intrinsic nuthority between tho self and tho spirit, between tbo wrong aud tho right. The
answer lies in the historic danger of
victory. He who triumphs must beware lest ho put on tho cloak of the
vanquished. The true and final victory is over self; it must be won
and hold, lest it elude the grasp of
the conqueror and pass into the
hands of him who has lost the battlo
and found his soul. The anciont
truth, the lesson of tne ages—and
still it is not learned.
Germany seems about to enter tho
same violent period of proletarian
revolution that came to Bussia. All
tho news heralds it, all the material
and human factors aro prepared.
When this happens, the peace conferenco at Paris will disintegrate,
its works will be scattered to tho
four winds ,and a wholly new alignment of ideas and forces will take
place. Tho scone will be revealed in
a now light, and it will be apparent
to every one that the works of the
peace conference were from tho first
futile business, that they dealt
only with the shadow and neglected
the substance. Thoy left the real
problem practically untouched. That
problem demanded a hearing. It can
not bo held back; for it is concerned
with the sustenance of life, with the
simple bread and wine, with growth
and toil, with hunger and despair.
Millions of mon are holding thcir
arms up to the sky. They are asking
God the question, "How to livef"
Lovo urges thom ,and nothing can
stand in tho way.
How can these hideous things have
come about f It cannot be possible
that Germany will succumb to Bolshevism, Bay some. The German peoplo are stolid and docile; they have
been educated in discipline. Germany is not an agricultural country,
with a tenant peasantry. She has a
moro extensive bourgeoisie than
Bussia. The German character is altogether different from tho Bussian,
How long will such superficial observations continue to govern men's
opinions! Cannot they see that this
is no longer a question of national
or racial differences of character,
but rather of the universal fundamentals of human nature! All people react to hunger or oppression in
the same way. Under tho same conditions tho German character will
succumb to Bolshevism quite as easily, in precisely the same way, and
for precisely the same reason, as did
the Bussian people. It is an anomaly that Bolshevism gained its first
success in an agricultural land. Industrialism is tho natural bome of
Bolshevism; it is in industrial communities, in direct proportion to
their industrialization, that tho revolutionary principle can appear
most quickly and flourish most
strongly—if the economic crisis is
induced by those who govern and
control.
That crisis definitely has been precipitated in Germany, by the
policios of Paris. The course of the
Bussian Bovolution is likely to bo
followed to the bitter and terrible
end. And because Germany has a
moro extensive bourgeoisie than
Bussia, tho revolution may be only
the moro terrible, in its wrongs, its
misunderstandings, and its violence.
The German revolution now stands
at tho close of its Kerensky period;
it is in Soptembor of 1017. Tho fatal parallel between tho two revolutions cxtonds even to origins and
pot.entialilii'8.
In Bussia, first, there was economic exhaustion, thc breakdown, of tho
lifo-processcs of the nation. These
induced thc first revoltuion—at onco
a revolt against tho authority which
had created the situation and a protest against tho continuance of
Bussia in the war. For a briof
period, authority passed to tho Provisional Government, to the hands
of thoso who stood nearest the governmental machinery, and whoso
names wero most familiar to the
multitude. This was the Lvoff-
Miliukov regime, the leaders of
which wero liberal nationalists, capitalists, and imperialists. Thoy did
not in any measuro reprosont the
aims of tho revolution; and as soon
as their policies began to be revealed, tho revolution reasserted itself;
they lost tho confidence of the
people, and were quickly supplanted.
Then commenced a period lusting
through the summer of 1917, which
may broadly bo termed the Kerensky period. The lendorship during
this poriod was vested in the conservative Socialists—men who, under tho pressure of responsibility,
estimated thc situation wrongly, attempted to revive tho spirit of militarism, and showed a tendency to
compromise with tho more powerful
evils. Tho Bussian peoplo wcro at
a loss; thoy themselves did not fully
know what thoy wanted; nnd it took
thom a longer time than beforo to
see that the fundamental aims of
tho revolution wcro not being fulfilled. These fundamental aims wore
bread, peace, and work; they directly involved tho revision of the imperialistic war aims of tho Allies,
and this involved the ending of the
Great War, It is now perfectly apparent, first, thnt nothing short of
a completo revision of tho Allied
war aims would havo served to savo
the Kerensky regime; socond, that
this would not havo accomplished
its purposo unless Kerensky had
also abandoned tho attempt to revive militarism and had recognized
the authority of the Soviots; and
third, that the natural and  logical
Ttimo for the ending of   the   Greattand with the aims ef this revolution
War had come in the;    	
1917. ___,
These things were being pointed
out to Bussia by the more radical
and outright leaders, Lenine and
Trotzky! in October of 1917, when
the Bussian people had become convinced of the failure of Kerensky,
the power vested in the Soviets automatically fell into their hands-
The Allies and America were primarily responsible, through their
failure to squaro the actual aims of
the war with their ostensible professions, and through their insistence
that Kerensky maintain a sham and
support a hypocrisy. Then camo the
Brest-Litovsk peace with Germany.
Again Lenino and Trotzky correctly interpreted the aims of the revolution, again the Allies and America
refused to face the issue. Tho Hussion bourgeoisie—the leaders in thc
Lvoff-Miliukov regimo, and now the
leaders, also, of the Kerensky regime—cried out against this action
aB a betrayal of the Allies and
America, and demanded that Bussiu
remain in tho war. But, in truth,
it was the Allies and America who
had betrayed tho Bussian revolution
—it was the Bussian rovolution
which was trying to Bave tho spirit
of the war. In order to do this, thc
revolution had been driven to its
most radical extreme The Bussian
proletariat demanded peaco at any
price, in the confidence that an imperialistic peaco could not be enforced, in tho faith that such a peace
wonld leap the lines of the enforcing
armies and bring about the revolution in Germany.
And this, in sober fact, was what
took place: The real downfall of
Germany was induced from within.
It was because thc economic and political morale of the nntion broke
behind tho lines, that tho military
morale broke on the western front.
Not radicals and revolutionists alone
but men like Hoffmann and Ludcn-
dorff, havo testified conclusively to
this fact. So the German revolution
finally did occur.
Lot us look into the manner of its
occurrence. Exactly as In Bussia
there was tho background of economic exhaustion. Tho first step up*
ward, as it wore, from tho autocracy
was taken through the government
of Prince Maximilian of Baden,
regime directly comparable in itB
leadership and essentials to that of
Lvoff and Miliukov in Bussia. Thc
revolution, however, had actually
been accomplished by the action q£
very radical forcos—by the appoarance of tho Soviet movement in the
large cities and among the troops;
Former Vancouver Labor
Men Returning to
the Coast
Have Played Active Part
in Labor Movement
Down Under
Boturning by the Canadian-Australian steamer Niagara from Australia, after an absence of five years,
aro Messrs. W. Foxcroft (former
president of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Couneil), and H. J. McEwen (one-time business agent of
the Carpenters' Union). During
their residence in Sydney, New
South Wales, both have acquitted
themselves well, end mado many
friends in the trades union movement of the Antipodes. Sincere regret was expressed when it became
known that they wero returning to
Canada.
Comrade McEwen has been actively associatod with the Labor Council
of New South Wales for some timo
past, and took a prominent part in
the discussions that followed the
moving of tho now famous "Stop-
the-war" motion nn that, conncil last
yoar. He also took a big part in the
Ono Big Union movement in Australia from its inception, both on congresses and in the propaganda field.
Nor did he remain inactive when
Australian democracy was waging
its famous and successful fight
against conscription, when an attompt was made to rivet the shackles of militarism on the freedom loving workers of the Australian Commonwealth. I
Comrado Foxcroft, while not so ac-
lively associated with the militant
trades union movement down under,
nevertheless played his part in the
many epoch-making changes that
have taken place thoro. Finding the
need for a quiet rest away from tnd
hurly-burly of industrial activity.'
ho spent a couple of years at Nauru
Islnnd, ono of the captured Gerrtlait"
possessions in tho Pacific Ocean near
the Equator, returning to Sydney t-ii-
wards tho end of last year much
benefited by the chango. Despite Ws
absouce from tho centre of activity,
Comrade Foxcroft is still tho same
culm-reasoning philosopher aB of old.
Prior to thcir departuro from Sydney, Australia, thoy wero entortaiti-
od by friends in the Labor-Socialist
movement. A couple of weeks w%rc
spent in convivul gatherings, sayjiTg
good-byes and expressing hopes of ri
ro-union in tho near future.
During thoir sojourn in the Antipodes, both comrados have been
closo friends of the Australian representative of The Foderationist (Mr.
W. FranciB Ahern), and many a good
evening was spent at Comrado
Ahorn's privato residence—"The
Hunch"—in discussing the many
problems affecting the present-day
Socinlist movement.
Just prior to leaving, Comrades
Foxcroft and McEwen wero entertained by Comrade and Mrs, Ahorn
and friends at an "au revoir but
not good-bye.'' Music, songs
and dances, presentations, speeches,
and refreshments were features of
tho -evening. On the docks, at tho
Niagara was leaving, final good-byes
were said, and tho hope expressed
that they would return to Australia
in the near future.
the government of Prince Max had
little in common. As soon as the
revolution settled into its bearings,
its original aims were reasserted,
and the regime of Prince Max was
supplanted. The conservative Socialist leaders, Ebert and Scheidcmann,
now stepped into power, and with
constantly waning support have
managed their position up to the
present time. They have followed
precisely the tactics and policies of
the Kerensky regime in BuBsia, and
have revealed the same characteristics. They are men who profess tho
doctrine of the revolution, but who
do not put it into practice; they aro
men who have estimated the situation wrongly, who have failed to
reckon with the,real sourco of their
authority, and who, as they fed that
authority weakening, turn instinctively back to militarism and the
creation of an arbitrary authority.
Thcir regime, like Kerensky, is ono
in which the peoplo are bewildered,
in which the proletarian rovolution
is being drivon to its most radical
extreme in order that it may accomplish its expression,
Tho potentialities of tho present
situation in Germany are precisely
those of tho Bussian situation in thc
full of 1917. The people nre demanding bread, peace, and work. Their
triumphant enemies are preparing to
impose upon Germany a peaco more
imperialistic thnn the peace of
BscBt-Litovsk. The Gorman bourgeoisie—tho leaders of tho old regime, of the provisional regime, nnd
now of the conservative Socialist
regime—rebel against this peace, re-
fuso to sign it, and call for a revival of militarism and a return to
tho condition of war. The proletarian movement, under the leadership
of Haase, advocates poaco at any
price, in the confidence that tho
peace of Paris cannot be enforced,
in the faith that such an effort
would leap tho lines of tho enforcing armies and bring about revolution within tho enemy countries. It
is logically inevitable that the
Ebcrt-Scheidcmann government shall
very soon be supplanted by an Independent Socialist government un.
der Hasse, as in Bussia the Kerensky regime was supplanted by that
of Lenine and Trotzky. Haaso
speaks for the people, for the real
aims of the revolution; and when tho
people hnve sufficiently lost faith in
Ebort and Scheidcmann, authority
will bo thrust into Haase's hands.
And Hasso may s:gn the peace of
Paris as Lenine signed tho peace of
Brest-Litovsk.
It is obvious that, throughout this
second great revolutionary manifestation, tho' parallel holds also with'
respect to tho dominating factor of
Allied and American policy. In Bussia, it was the imperialistic war aims
of the Allies, supported by America; in Germany, it is these war aims,
still supported by Amorica, reduced
to thc terms of pence which arc to
be imposed. Nothing would havo
saved Kerensky but the revision of
theso war aims; nothing would save
Ebert and Scheidcmann but tho revision of these terms. Thore wns no
intention of revising the war aims;
there is no intention of revising the
terms. The war actually was an imperialistic war, and now stands revealed as such boyond denial or
evasion. Its aims are to be accomplished by force, to be imposed by
the ■ power of arbitrary authority.
Thus tho arguments of the revolution are justified, and its dovelopment is driven forward.
One further item remains, a break
in tho parallel. The Bussian proletariat nt Brest-Litovsk had little but
faith to build upon in tho German
situation. At Paris, the German proletariat finds more to oncourage its
hopes. The proletariat everywhere
has already registered its outspoken
opposition to the treaty of Paris,
oven before that treaty has been
signed. Somo men arc saying that
Germany is helpless, that Bho will
have no alternative but to sign tho
treaty. They aro wholly misjudging
the situation, and are thinking of
it in the wrong set of terms. The
men they expect to sign the treaty
may refuse to sign it; tho treaty
may bo signod by othor men, for
other reasons than thoy suppose.
And when it is signed, it cannot be
enforced; that is, tho attempt to on*
force it would break the back of the
Allies and precipitate the revolution
throughout Europe. Thus, so far
from boing helpless, Germany has
the whip hand in the situation. Sho
has it because our leaders have led
us astray.
Wc aro not celebrating tho rovolution; wo follow its development
with sinking heart, in the conviction that civilization has failed to
fulfil its destiny. But thero is no
virtue in evasion, no hope in prejudice, no salvation in ignorance. As
tho facts stand, so should we hum*
bly and candidly examino them.—
Tho Nation.
FRIDAY...
...July   », nm
A Surplus Stock of Paints, Varnishes and Kalsomines
At Prices You Cannot Afford to Miss
snap,   .-gallon tins, reg, $1.25 a gallon for...J)8c
1-gallon tins; reg. $1.40 a gall-?-', for. 11.13
60 half-gallon tins Spencer's Standard Brand Faint,
color light slate. An exceptional bargain. Begular $2.50 half-gallon.   July Bale  82.36
Stocktaking at the end of the month and the
necessity of lowering the present stocks. We offer
exceptional values for four days' speeial selling.
75 gallons ef Spencer's Pure White Faint, gloss
finish, for outiide work. A pure paint and guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction, finishing coat.
Regular $4.95 gallon.   July Sale price $3.08
100 gallons Spencer's Standard Pure White Paint
for underrating outside work. A splendid opportunity to get a reliable paint at a great Baving.    Begular $4.95 a gallon.   July Sale prico,
a gallon - -   $3.76
600 gallons Pure Creosote Shingle. Stain, in shades
of reds, browns, greens; standard quality.    A
BeBt Furniture Varnish, transparent, 1-gallon; reg.
$2.00, for $1.76
Half-gallon; reg. $1.20, for   96c
Quarts; reg. 70c, for   60c
Glazolac Varnish Stain—A superior stain and varnish combinod for floors or furniture; dries over,
night.   Shades of oak, walnut, etc.   Order early.
Quarts, regular $1.30 for .98c
Pints; regular 70c, for  ..640
Grand Clearance of Wallpapers
An Outstanding: Feature in the July
Clearance Sale—Bundle Lots-
Reg. Values to $5.25 for $1.98
A bargain that will attract considerable attention,
coming aB it doos right when you are requiring
wallpapers. Sufficient wullpapcr, including wall,
ceiling and border to match, for rooms up to 10x12
by 0 feet high.   Suitable for parlors, dining rooms,
living rooms, bedrooms and kitchens. Remarkable
values; regular $5.25 a bundle, for — 91.98
Other Special Features of Exceptional Value on Display in the
Department—Second floor
800 rolls varnish tilo, washable wallpaper, for
kitchens and bathrooms, Several patterns to
choose from.   Regular 40c a roll.   July Bale 32c
David Spencer, Limited
Father O'Boyle and
Labor
Some Interesting Criminal Statistics
Of the 15,550 persens found guilty
of indictable offenses in 1917, eighty
four in overy hundred convicted
were sentenced for the first time,
nino for the second time, and seven
wero habitual criminals, as statod
in the last report on Canadian criminal statistics, issued by the Dominion statistician,
The occupation of the offenders,
according to classes is thus represented per 100: Agricultural, 10;
commercial, 17; domestic, 16; industrial, 11; professional, 5; and laborers, 41. Seventy-one per cent, of the
offenders were unmarried, 28 per
cent marriod, and 1 per cent, widowed; 01 per cent, had an elementary education, 3 per cont. a superior
education, and 0 por cent, were unable to read or write. Eighty-eight
por cent, wero reported from urban
and 12 per cent, from rural districts.
Sixty-two in every hundred were
born in Canada, 11 in British terri-
tory outside of Canada, 7 in the
United States, and 20 in other foreign countries.
Theso aro interesting statistics to
tho Btudcnt of sociology. — Nelson
Daily News.
Oerman Unrest Growing
Berlin—Internal disturbances are
growing. Resignation of independent Socialist officials in Brunswick
nro regarded here ns foreshadowing
further labor troubles, The railway
strike, which has spread to all parts
of Germany ie expectod to become a
general striko. Food depots aro being plundered in Manheim. Dispatches from thore said two persons
were killed and 50 wounded with
many casualties from plundering.
Slating is on In KasieL
[By a Working Stiff]
Tho laboring class and its troubles
have many distinguished patrons
these days, The League of Nations
and governments, Hamilton conferences and Royal commissions, emit
the most pious resolutions expressing ponitence for past sins and
promises for the futuro. Labor looks
on and ponders its own weapons. It
is doggedly Sinn Fein—relies upon
itself alone for emancipation. The
promises of those in power are made
to be brokon. It la force and necessity that compel performance.
The attention labor has received
from the puiec conference is the most
cynical part of its document of cynicism, and this cynicism of sympathy ia assuming colossal proportions.
Sundry individuals and institutions,
hitherto wrapped in comfortable
neutrality, favor us with a millenium of words, carofully hedged
round with conditions that bar
deeds. In most cases thoy would
like to select leaders for labor. They
seduce somo leaders, but labor counters with a spell of Caesarian house-
cleaning. Much of the sympathy we
receive reminds one of Sterne's
English parson whose "fat, sleek,
contented ignorance looked down upon tho oarth;" a contrast to the
friar, pale, thin and poorly clad,
whom Sterne found working among
tho very poor of Franco on the occasion of hiB famous "Sentimental
Journey.' *
The part of either the friar or
the parson, noed not be imputed to
our- local publicist, Father 0 'Boyle,
when he comes forward with a littlo booklet in hand and takes part
in tho gab-fest. He is critical of
labor's aspirations, and the avowed
advocate of capitalism; and tho usual parrotry against the labor leaders is liberally stressed into his paragraphs. We have known a patriotism so intonso as to cry "My country, right or wrong." "I'm for labor, bo it right or wrong," is not
a cry wo expect to hear from the
direction of the reverend father, and
thero is no.causo for complaint on
that account. But oven whon they
are its boosters, lnbor has reason to
be critical of assistance and patronago from outside its own ranks. Sam
Johnston's famous letter to Lord
Chesterfield expresses the attitude
of labor in circumstances somewhat
similar.
In his foreword to tho little booklet Father O'Boyle states that his
endeavor is only, to make plain the
Catholic view of the labor quostion.
Ono may acknowledge tho modesty
of this claim, a modesty imposed on
all tho churches by awnkonod labor and modern enlightenment. But
fronting this modest foreword is a
lettor of Archbishop Casey approving the booklet, and claiming that
it "goes to the root of the trouble
and furnished perfect principles for
its solution." If creation, tho universe and human destiny presents
no greater problem than the churches make of them, ono cannot expect a mere labor problem to be
hard of solution to an archbishop.
But nosing through the pages of tho
booklet, one finds little of the deep
delving among the roots; rathor is
is elogont shuffling of surface soil
with a toy hoe, the thoughts of tho
shuffler oftentimes wandering into
the clouds, ond looking for a miracle
to solve tho problem. Twice at least
signs of tho miracle are indicated.
The particular plot of soil to which
tho father has devoted his energy is
boresomely oversiftcd, ond a Sahara
of aridity and barrenness.
In ono of the lectures which make
up the booklet, Father 0 'Boyle
warns us against "the notoriously
irreligious character of Socialistic
agencies," and he states that when
agitators attempt to cover up this
repugnant feature it is to entrap
tho workers who are naturally
Christian, and because in tho United States the membership of labor
Unions are fifty por cent. Catholics,
Tho proportion of Catholics in Vancouvor labor unions is also considerable. One Catholic unionist in
last wcok's Fedorationist calls in
question Father Boyle's attitudo to
wards labor, and thero is no doubt
but tho object of tho booklet is to
influence tho Catholic membership of
labor unions, with whom tho issue,
a side onc, may bo left.
The issue botwoen Catholicism and
Socialism takes us over to Ireland.
Sinn Fein is an economic movement,
startod up as such, and with its in-
telligoncia oloment, will never likoly
degenerate into one limited to mere
politics. How far it is socialistic
is doubtful at the moment, but ecclesiastical fulminations against its
socialist tendencies are not lacking
and Father O'Boyle may find that
the issue in Vancouver .may bc largely decided in Ireland.
Who said the strike loaders will
receivo a fair trial! They have already been tried by tho daily press
and many government officials, including "Destroyer" Robertson,
and have been found guilty.
Buy onl/ from a union store.
Electric and Violet Ray
TREATMENTS
by scientific massuoso, scalp and
Manicuring
MRS. COLLINS
879 Gran-duo street, Suit. S
Hours—IS to 9
'Friends
VALLEY
DAIRY
MILK
Tops Them AU
Dr. Matthews, the Food Expert, in a recent address,
mado the following statement:
" Wholesomeness of Milk is
more important than its Food
value. The Cream line remains to many the sole test
of the valuo of Milk. While
we must hold up Solids in our
Milk, the most important
thing to consider is tho purity
of the Milk, for we all know
that dirty Milk is the kind
that destroys the lives of our
babies. It is essential that
we have clean cows, particularly the udder and teats, and
that tho proper cooling of the
Milk should be carefully looked after."
VALLEY DAIRY APPROVED MILK comeB from one
sourco only—J. M. STEEVES'
famous herd of purebred Holsteins.
To anyone who has had the
pleasure of visiting this famous Dairy farm, it must havo
been instantly apparent that
J. M. STEVES knows tbe
right way to protect public
health. A bright, clean, airy
barn, full of sunshine and the
scent of clean timothy. Cows
that are carofully brushed
night and morning, with udders that aro washed before
each milking. This assures
cleanliness.
Then if you will step into the
Dairy, you will flnd record-
sheets showing the daily record of each cow in the herd.
That this Milk is Wonderfully
rich in Food value, ie proven
by these records.
We are quito conservative
when we aay that "VALLEY
DAIRY MILK TOPS THEM
ALL."
Phone Bay. 663
VALLEY
DAIRY
Marketaria Saves
You Money
BEOULAB PRICES
Eagle and Kolndoer        aa_
Milk; each   ZUC
Pacific Milk, small cans; ng
1 cans for tmOQ
20-oz. Buttercup, large     -i|
cans, each  ......... _ _ C
Shredded Wheat and      iq,
Grapo Nuts, pkg............ X<3C
Salmon, 2 tins t___
for _SOC
British Columbia Fresh   ng
Horring; 3 cans for. __iOC
Beckitt's Blue, /»
jrico  ._„.._... DC
Boyal Yeast Cekcs, /»
priee .............. ........     OC
LAST WEEK OF THE SEASON
Extra Special—In preserving berries; fine selected *A met
Fruits at, crate....     VAtOU
Preserving Jars—In pints, per
doien, $1.36; quarts, doi...._.$1.68
Half gallons 11.90
Economy Tops ....  „.    10c
S. T. Wallace's
Marketaria
118 HASTINGS STBEET WBST
Phone Seymour 18M
UNION MEN ARE
MADE WELCOME
-AT THE-
Bank
Buffet
Soft Drinks and
Fresh  Cool Beer.
The right treatment
and best service.
If you want the best
quick lunch in the
city give us a trial.
Ex-Sergt. Forestell
Corner Hastings and
Homer
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1869
Capital Authorized 	
Capital Paid-up 	
Reserve and Undivided Profits.
Total Assets  	
...$ 25,000,000
...$ 15,000,000
...$ 16,000,000
...$430,000,000
666 branohei in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
Weit Indiei.
Alio branohei in London, England; New York Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branohei in Vanoouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets.
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Bobson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway WeBt.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Ave. West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avo and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 28 other
points in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION IB OIVBN TO SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
One dollar opons an account on which interest is paid half-yearly
at current rates,
THOS. PEACOCK,     .. O. W. FBAZEB, Vancouver,
Manager Vancouver Branch Supervisor for B, O. JaiDAT.	
...July  t, 1M»
eleventh ye *ut. No. at    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST      tancouvbb, b. o.
PAGE SEVEN
Silk Sox for Men
In white, black, green, navy, pearl, grey and
brown, thread or fibre silk, full fashioned
to fit well; excellent values, direct aj aa
from the mill; all sizes. Price, _mr-*? 1» W,
Porous Knit
Underwear
for Men
Zimmerknitmake,
ecru shade; shirts
long or short
sleeves, and drawers, knee or ankle
length. One of the
most comfortable
hot weather garments made; all
sizes. Price,   or
 Wtt\ .
t
>'riM||'| |UI
rofe
i w mmmi
tr'
\i_ttmm at
1   Smtmmti
Wtsmmm
\.    -
per garment.
Men's "Summer" Nightshirts
They come in a white drill, with turndown
attached collar, full cut and made long, direct from the mill and very special *<■ a f*
value. All sizes. Price, a garment._«F*,0'3
Boys' Shirtwaists, 75c Each
Made with smart double attached collars;
usual cuffs and inside draw strings at waist
Cut from neat colored striped cambrics, in
sizes for boys 6 to 16 years. tmm
Special value, each • *5C
' ](jlir]judsons fifty (jbmimny pi
LETTERS TO
We an la no way reiponalhlo for
the opinions ezpreaMd in this column. Correspondents must ha "brief
or their letters'Trill not bt publishod. While agreeing -with many of
tha opinions expressed in letters sent
to us, and whilo mtny of them contain matter that Is worthy ef publication, we have ia a number of cases
been unable to publish them owing
to their length. Will correspondents
please sot* and govern themselves
accordingly.
Bellevue, Alta., June 24,1919.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Sir—
Wo wish through the medium of
yout paper, to convey by the moat
effective means (Labor Press) to
convey to the workers of Winnipeg
our admiration for tha splendid fight
they are making on labor's behalf
throughout the Dominion of Canada.
At a mass meeting of tha above
organisation held yesterday, we felt
something ought to bo done to at
loast express our sentiment oa the
mattor.
Of courso we could havo wired
Promier Borden and our member,
Mr. Shaw, protesting tho government's aetion, but what avail. Howovor, wa concluded to wire our admiration of their stand. And also
through the Labor Press call on our
fellow workers to protest in the most
effective manner (by laying down
tools) until a constitutional trial is
granted out comrados now languishing in gaol for daring to raise their
voices, and direct tho course of labor along any path that leads to a
greater portion of tho wealth we
produce..
Tours in the scrap
JOHN BBOOK8,
Socretary.
Brest Jitovsk-AKigand'sPeace
 ii"»n i
Ths paid press ef this tad otlertipH* in order to gather again Us
""""    tSteei, and to givo the artsy, whieh
is affected by disintegration and demoralization, a chance to rent tnd
reooVer.
We havs signed a "Tilsit" peace.
When Napoleon I. forced Prussia in
1807 to accept tha "Tilsit" peaee,
tht conqueror had defeated all tho
Oerman armies, occupied the capital
and all the largo cities, established
his1 policy, compelled the conqueror
to give him auxiliary corps in order
to wage new wars of plunder, dismembered Qermany, forming tn alliance with some of the Oerman
states against other Oerman atates.
And, nevertheless, even after such
Granville and Georgia Streets
T. B. OUTHM5RTSON ft Oo.
lba'a Hatters and Outfitters
•M Oraovllle Street
CIO Hastings Mnst West
Phone Sey. 821     Day or Night
Nunn, Thomson ft Olegg
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
SSI Renter St. Vancouver, B. 0.
I.PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
UNIOI
"AMP
-$J$)T &*5^-«»_ Named Shoes are frequently mads
.WORKERS UNION/ in Non-union factories
DO NOT BUT ANT SHOE
.     _-_        .      No matter what its name, unlesa
{factory        J *    it bears a plain and readable im-
 >/         prcssion of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoes without the UNION STAMP an always Non-union
Do net accept any excuse for Absence of the Union Stamp
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
246 SUMMER STBBBT, BOSTON, MASS.
i OOLIO LOVELY, Oenorsl PmM.nl--OHAS. L. BAINK. Oenersl Sn.Trus.
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COAL
IMACDONALD-MARPOLE CO.
LIMITED
1001 MAIN BTREET Phone Sey. 210
TRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
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CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows that cheap goodB can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
it produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—•Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED   f
An Open Letter to Mr. Woodsworth
Door Sir—When tbe news of yoxxt
arrest reached us on June 24 wa
wondered for a moment whether we
wero awake or morely dreaming;
The previous arrests of Mr. I vena,
et .al. had indeed filled us with in*
dignatiou, but when one who had
beon a member of our own community was called upon to pay tho penalty for fearless speech and action,
it was a very different matter.
It is now two years since you flrst
came to tako charge of tho little
Mission Church here. We are not—
as a people—especially addicted to
church-going, so your coming roused only a faint ripple of interest.
Parsons wero not touch in our line.
Reports of your scholastic attain*
ments left us cold. Your literary
prestige failed to movo us. Wo pride
ourselves on boing a wide-awake
people, and on doing our own think-
ing. !
Wo rather shook our heads over
the report that you, were a pacifist.
That would never do. Well, wo
should see what we should seo—so
wo left it.
We soon found that you had no intention of limiting yourself to tke
faithful few who attended church.
It was not long before you had visited every home in the district, and
made yourself familiar with condi-
tions. Your institution of community night as an opportunity for full
and free discussion on all mattors of
social wcllfare still lives. You appeared possessed of an amazing be-
lief that all men wore brothers, re-
gardloss of creed, color, or rncc. You
wcro guilty of suggosHng that evon
a German might bo a fellow human
being, and it was rumored that you
preached that we should f orgivo our
enemies! Believing all war to bo
wrong you consistently refused to
pray for the success of our soldiers.
Small wondor that your stay in our
patriotic midst was of such short
duration.
Vory many of us felt personally
affronted when an all-wise conferenco failed to,return you to tho ap*]
pointment, and we inwardly applauded your action some timo later
in retiring from tho ministry and
becoming an ordinary citizen. We
realize that it was a step calling for
high courage and the utmost sincerity.
Wo were intorostod, if a bit disappointed, when you becamo a longshoreman, and our disappointment
was tempered by tho fnct that you
speedily becamo a force in the world
of labor.     .
And now you are under bonds,
branded, no doubt, as a dnngerous
agitator, and we who know you
smile scornfully at the absurdity of
the chargo. Your aim has over boon
to educate rnther thon to agitate, j
Wo follow tho courso of events I
now with deep interest. Wo want
to say that wo aro proud to have
known you in all the intimacies of
daily lifo. In sicknoss or health,
your consuming desiro has evor been
to holp "tho pooplo." Wo aro glad
that your home is hero so that your
thoughts turn ofton to this lovely
spot. Wo know that your courago
will not fail; that you will bo uphold by tho strength and righteous
ness of your convictions, and wo In*
lieve that the ultimate triumph of
your ideals cannot fail. With every
good wish, »
Ono of "tho peoplo" of
GIBSON'S LANDING.
AUTOCRACY STILL
IN 1 IDLE
Capitalist  Press  Editor
Rebels at Suppression of
News from Europe
The New York "Sun" Is provoked by the suppression of news cabled by one of ita correspondents ln
Eunpe. But la the "Sun" ao simple
as to believe that the censorship
has been abandoned because the
officials at Washington say bo? If
it is, let It make a test by requiring ita correspondent to go to Ireland and attompt to send a report
on conditions In that -country. Collier's, speaking from Home experience on thtfl subject, can promise
that If tlie report doea not happen
to please the British authorities it
will have ahout as much chance to
reach this country by cable or post
as If the correspondent put lt Into
a bottle and dropped if off the Head
of Klnsale or tried to swim across
tho Atlantic with It.—The National
Weekly.
countries hu never ceased to vilify
and slander -the Bussian Socialists
for signing the peace treaty with
the Central Powers at Brest-Litovsk
early last year. Bnt they have very
carefully hidden the faot that the
Bussians appealed to the Allies to
assist them in their hour el peril,
and thus avoid the signing of what
Lenine—the Soviet president—calls
a brigand's peace. In the following
article M. Lenin sets Out to show
why Bussia was forced to sign the
shameful treaty with the Central
Powers.
The history of mankind is today
recording ou of the greatest and
most difficult crisis, a crisis whieh
has an enormous—we can say, without tiie least exaggeration, a worldwide—liberating significance. It is
not surprising that at the most difficult pouts of snch a crisis, when
everywhere around us the old order
is crumbling and falling apart with
tumult and crash, and a new order
is being bora in indescribable torments—it is not surprising that some
are becoming bewildered, some become victims of despair, and others,
to escape from bitter roality, are
taking cover behind beautiful and
enchanting phrases.
We have been forced, however, to
e things clearly, as we pass
through the sharp and painful experience of this most difficult crisis
of history, which turns the world
from imperialism towards common-
itstie revolution. In a few dayB wa
destroyed one of the oldest, most
powerful, barbarous, and cruel monarchies. In a few months we passed
through a number of stages of compromise with capitalism, and got
over the petty, bourgeois illusions,
in the grip of which other countries
have spent decades. In a few weeks
we have overthrown the bourgeoisie
and crushed her open resistance in
civil war.
We passed in a victorious and triumphant procession of Bolshevism
from one end of an enormous country to the other. We aroused to
freedom and independence the most
humble sections of the toiling
masses oppressed by Ccarism and
capitalism. We introduced and firmly established the Soviet republic—
a new typo of stato—infinitely higher and mora democratic than tho
best of the capitalistic parliamentary republics. Wo established the
dictatorship of the proletariat, supported by the poorest peasantry, and
nave inaugurated a comprehensively
planned system of Socialist reform. I
We awakened self-confidence and
kindled the fires of enthusiasm in
the hearts of millions upon millions
of workers of all countries. We sent
broadcast tbe clarion call of the in-1
ternatlonal working-cless revolution.
Wo challenged tho imperialistic
plunderers of aU countries.
"T'The Unadorned Bitter Troth"
And in a few days an imperialistic brigand knocked' ns down, attacking those who had no arras. He
forcod us to sign an incredibly oppressive and humiliating peace — a
penalty for our daring to break
away, evon for as short a timo as
possible, from the iron grip of tho
imperialistic war. And the more
threatening the spectre of a working-class revolution iu his own country rises bofore tho brigand, the
more furiously ho oppresses and
strangles and tears Bussia to pieces.
We wcro compelled to sign a '' Tilsit" peaco. Wo must not deceive
ourselves. We must have courago to
face the unadorned bitter truth. We
must realizo in full to the very bottom of the abyss of defeat, partition, enslavement, and humiliation
into which we havo been thrown.
Tho clcaror wo understand this, tho
firmer, the more hardened and inflexible will becomo our will for liberation, our desire to arise anew
from enslavement to independence,
our firm determination to soo, at all
costs, that Bussia hIiuII ceaso to be
poor aud weak, that alio may becomo truly powerful and pros per ou*.
She can becomo so, for we still
have left sufficient cxpanso and natural resources to supply all and
overyoue, if not with abundance, at
least with sufficient means of .subsistence. We have the material in
tho natural resources, in tho supply
of human energy, and in thc splendid impetus which tho creative spirit of the people has received through
tho great revolution, to croato a really mighty and abundant Bussia.
But Bussia WUL Make Good
Bussia will become so, provided
sho frees herself of all dejection and
phrase-mongering; provided she
strains her evory norve and muselo
provided she comos to understand
tlmt salvation is possiblo only on
the road of tho international Socialist rovolution which wo, have
chosen to move forward along this
road, not becoming dejectod in caso
of defeats, to lay, stone aftor stone,
thc firm foundation of a Socialist
society, to work tirelessly to create
discipline and salf-diseipliuc, to
strengthen ovcrywhoro organization,
order, efficiency, tho harmonious cooperation of all tho people's forcos,
universal accounting and control
over production and distribution of
products—such is the roud towards
tho creation of military powor nod
Socialist powor.
It is unworthy of a true Socialist, if badly defoatod, cithor to deny thut fact or to become despondent. It is not truo that we have no
way out, and that we can only
chooso between a '' disgraceful '
(from tho standpoint of a feudal
knight) death, which nn oppressive
pence is, and a "glorious" death in
a hopeless battlo,
"We Have Betrayed Nobody"
It is not true that wo havo be*
trayed our ideals or our friends whon
wo signed the "Tilsit" poaco. We
have betrayed nothing and nobody,
wo have not sanctioned nor covered
any lie, wo have not refused to aid
any friend and comrade in misfortune in any way wo could or by any
means ut our disposal. A commander who loads into tho interior the
remnants of an army which is defoatod or disorganized by a disorderly flight, and who if necessary,
protects this retreat by a most humiliating and opprossivo pcuce, is
not betraying those parts of tho
army wliich ho cannot help, and
which aro cut off by tho enemy.
Such a commander js only doing his
duty, he is choosing thu only wny
to save what can still bo saved; ho
is scorning adventures, telling the
people tho blttor truth, "yielding
torritory in order to gain time,"
utilizing any, ovon the shortest, re
ft peace, the German people were sot
subdued.
Brest-Litawk—A Defeat for Qermany
Te any person able and willing to
think, the example of the "Tilsit"
peaee (which was only one of the
many oppressive and humiliating
treaties forced upon the Germans in
that epoch) shows clearly how childishly naive is the thought that an
oppressive peaee is under all circumstances, ruinous, and war the road
of valor and starvation. The war
epochs teach us that peaee has in
many cases in history served as a
respite to gather strength for new
battles. The peace of Tilsit wat the
greatest humiliation of Germany,
and at the same time a turning point
to the greatest national awakening.
At that time the historical environment offered only one outlet for this
awakening—a capitalist state. At
that time, over a hundred years ago,
history was made by a handful of
noblemen and small groups of bourgeois intellectuals, while the mass
of the workers and peasants were
inactive and inert. Owing to this,
history at that time could crawl
only with awful slowness.
Now capitalism has considerably
raised the level of culture in general, and of the culture of the masses
in particular. The war has aroused
the masses, awakened them by unheard of horrors and sufferings. The
was has given impetus to history,
and now it is moving along with the
speed of a locomotive. History is
now independently made by millions
and tens of millions of people* Capitalism has now become ripe for Socialism,
Thus, if Bussia now moves—and
it cannot be denied that she does
move from the "Tilsit" peace to a
national awakening, and to a great
war for tho fatherland—the issue of
such an awakening is not the bour-
geofs'state, but tho international Socialist rovolution, We are "resist-
ant's" since November 7, 1917. We
arrffbr the defence of our fatherland
but tno war for the fatherland to-
wor-tf which we are moving is a
war Tor a Socialist fatherland, for
SocUUJHm, we being a part of tha
universal army of Socialism.
WOULD WIDE DEWS
Blind Leaders of Blind
Still Lead U.S. Working Class
The first woek of tho annual convention of the American Federation
of Labor in Atlantic City would
seem to have demonstrated once
more tho backwardness of Amorican
organized labor and the inadequacy
of the American labor leadership as
exemplified by tho so-called "Gompers machine." This backwardness
and inadequacy, obvious enough and
disastrous enough in the piping
times of peace, stand out with startling clearness against the world's
present social unrest, and are well-
night fatal to tho chances of intelligent American movement towards
reconstruction. With labor in England und on the Continent demanding participation in tho management
and control of industry, tho progressive abandonment of the wage system, and thc institution of an entirely new social order; with half
of Europe in the grip of communism,
and tho othor half agitating tho elements of social philosophy, acutely
aware of what it is discussing and
where tho argument leads—with
such an object lesson beforo its eyes
the American Federation of Lubor,
in convention assembled, and dominated still by tho old blind loader-
ship, supports tho pence treaty and
tho Leaguo of Nations, dedicates its
efforts to the stamping out of Bolshevism and wastes its days in a
futile discussion of superficial issues. The mngnificient speech of
Miss Margaret Bundfiold, fraternal
delegate from England, in which
sho outlined tho ambitions and purposes of British labor toward a new
social order, foil upon the convention like a message from anothor
pluuet. .Mr. Gompers, from the platform has already hrun-ded tho whole
Pacific Coast delegation as Bolsheviki., "Tho autocrats of American
labjox arc in control," comments a
wifjp.observer. "They have tho power .,of thc Gompors mnchine behind
them, and they aro going to uso it
ruthlessly. If tho convention finishes as it has begun, thoro is likoly
not to bo any American Fedoration
ot'.Lopor a year from now. Its pow-
erft^ machine-control is wholly out
of tt>uch with the times; and tho
more vital impulses of the rank and
fllt^qre plainly in ovidenco. If thoy
are,.ju6t nbsorbod by the leadership,
thw;will disintegrate tho orgnnizu-
tiflpUiV—Tho Nation.
*   i      More Bolshevism
Paterson, N. J.—Tho Bolshoviks
hnvo come to Paterson. At leust
that is whnt Mayor Newman and
Cbiof of Polico Traccy havo boon
lod to bollovo, for they nro now
busily engnged in denying the Amalgamated Toxtilo Workers of America tho right to assemble und speak
publicly anywhere in tho city. The
Amalgamated members nro the Bolshoviks! Why! Bemuse they threat-
***atoraon with organization—or-
gunl/.ntton of tho silk workers along
industrial clnss-eoiiHeious lines.
SWEDEN
Congress of Inependdent Socialists
Vote to Join with Moscow Beds
Stockholm—The Congress of Independent Socialists voted recently,
1S6 to 22, to Join tha "Third Internationale of Moscow," and adoptod
resolutions favoring Bolshevist measures, such as the placing of production control in the hands of laborers,
and to effect a revolution, that
workers must be armed and the
bourgeoisie unarmed.
The parliamentary members of the
party vainly protested against the
resolution and gave warning against
any attempt at a proletarian dictatorship.
It is expected that tho humanitarian wing of the party, representing
all tke Independent Socialist mem.
bers of the Swedish parliament, will
secede frogi the organisation.
BVLOAJtIA
Borfat Government Demanded
Berne. Switzerland—According to
information coming through to various Swiss soureos, lorious disturbances are frequent in Sofia and other
parts of Bulgaria. The masses are
demanding the resignation of the
government and tha establishment
of a Soviet republic. It is reportod
that nearly everywhere throughout
Bulgaria the troops refuse to Inter-
vent against the crowd*—London
CalL
TUBKUT
Ottoman League Addrea .Socialists
Paris—Mouhtan Bey, member of
the central committee, and Bechid
Safvet, seeretary general of the Ottoman League, have addressed to
Jean Longuet, French Socialist leader, a telegram to bo placed before
the Socialist International Commission. The telegram is a protest
against the situation of the Ottoman
Europe as a result of the peace
traty.
The Turkish nation, declares the
telegram, is formed of an overwhelming majority of workers and own.
ers of the small farms throughout
Asia Minor. The Turkish Arabs assert that they will resort to any
means necessary to combat imperialistic decisions.—Le Populairo.
Bo Co Federationist Daily Paper Fund
HOW MUCH DO YOU WANT A FREE PRESS?
Do Yoa Want It Enough to Assist in Paying for It?
PORTUGAL
Socialists Win Eleven Seats
Lisbon—Tho results of the recent
elections give, in many oities, a majority to uie Socialists who have apparently eleven seats in parliament.
This result Ib regarded as a great
victory since thc Socialists, at former elections, were able to securo only
one representative" in parliament.
According to the latest nows, the
representation in the chamber will
be divided as follows; 80 democrats,
30 evolutionists, 22 unionists, 11 Socialists, 20 independents and representatives of the Centre. The democrats hold the majority in the Senate.—Lo Populairo.
XKBLAHD
Important Labor Conference
Dublin—Considerable importance
attaches to the forthcoming annual
conference of the Irish Labor Party
and Trade Union Congress to bo held
at Droghoda on August 4 to 7. At
a special conference held'in Dublin
in February the inlitial steps were
taken towards promoting a united
national wages and hours movement.
AMEBICA
Foreign Workers Quitting U.&A.
Boston—Moro than ono million
three hundred thousand foreign born
residents of this country have either
gono back homo or are preparing to
go to tho lands where a workers'
government is established. This
significant fact is contained in a report of the savings bank section of
the American Bankers Association.
Tho roport calls this "an alarming situation." Tho foreigners, it
appears, aro drawing thcir money
from the savings banks, uro selling
their houses and their Liberty
Bonds, and are preparing to take
with them an actual four-fifths of
the total currency in circulation and
in jeserve in tho United Stntes bofore the war. "This is certainly
serious," comments the bankers' re*
port,
Cut out the above coupon and mail the amount yon wish to contribute
to the fund for the purpose of establishing a daily paper for B. C. Bo*
ceipts will be acknowledged from time to time in Th* Federationist   .
British Labor Protests
London, Eng.—Tho Labor Party
conference at Southport has passed
a resolution protesting against the
attempt of thc Canadian govornment secretly to deport British-born
loadors of labor for. participation in
recent industrial disputes in tho Dominion and urging tho British government to uso ita influence to prevent tbo Canadian government from
proceeding with such a step.	
Over 10,000 employees of the
Britiah ('o-oporntivo Wholesale Society am now working only -14 hours
per week ns Uie result of the ro
conl action of tho B. C. W, 8. Ill
looking after the welfare ot if
employe oa,
EVERY UNION IN B. O.
Nhoulii aubierlbo (or THR RKDfcKA.
TION1HT in ft boUy. PAT KOH IT
MONTHLY, qu.rierlr er , ™ 2
Nfc salts- the wfchei of tjie intra.
bSMMp, Submit a motion at rntxt
murting-Md idvUt Tb» ftdantlon-
Ut nf lh<» rpmilt.
Beferring to the working man
Victor Hugo once said "Think of a
smile in chains.1' It has been an
age-long smile; in tha dark ages, as
a beast of burden, he smiled. In
the wretched barbarous days of
slavory, with the stripes upon his
back and the curses of his master
ringing in his ears, still he smiled;
through the days of feudal folly he
dropped the baby from his knee and
followed the noble lord of tho state
Into a jamberie of slaughter in
which delightful pastime he had not
the slightest interest, and yot he
smiled; into and thorough the suave,
placid, polite, oily days of rapacious
Industrialism, soulless and sightless
and heartless, cruel and selfish and
at last the smile Ib gone. The lion
Ib aroused and the world is trembling with his rage.
Bnrfal mep, ambitious men, cruel
and cunning sua, rich and mighty
men arranged a war, a great world
war and the working men had to go.
Some working men stayed at home
and feverishly proceeded to manufacture the things that are necessary to make war as terrible and
destructive as possible.   Some made
guns, others bullets and other queer,
compounds that were    capable    off
kfffiug hundreds of men at a time.
Tho rest of the   workmen   quickly
learned tho use of tho now machineries of destruction and then marched on to meet the foo.   They were
still smiling, most of   them    were
laughing    und    singing,    as    they
mnrched away.
Oh! thc work of tho workmen
was well dono. For thore were six-
million people killed and twenty
million wear the wounds of war.
And now he has como back. He
cannot smile, ho cannot even grin
at you.
For when thoy sailed away they
left the women und the children and
then the wolves began to prowl. The
sly marauders of the night becamo
bold becauso- the master of tho homo
had gone. And tho vultures came,
the profiteers, and sat in at the
feast. They havo come, tho workingmen, marching down a road
strewn and littered with broken
promises. Every milo of tho way is
marked by tho well licked bones
upon which the plunderers, tho profiteers, havo just smacked their
greasy lips.
So what can you expect, my
friends!
In these days of reconstruction
whon we are all suffering for countless sins of omission, thero is no
room for bitterness, or ranking hate.
The appalling misery that stares at
ub from the cracks and the crags of
the blasted civilization of tho old
order commandeers our gentle and
sympathetic impulses, each and
every one of us who have directly
eBcuped tho devastation and destruction of war owes to the workers of
this world a debt that can perhaps
nevor be paid. The very least thnt
do is to bring food, clothing
and shelter to the workmen of tho
world who have given all that there
whs to give.    Let us remember the
words of Victor Hugos   "Think of
a smilo In chains."
When yon think of the terrible
trials and tribulations through
which the workman hae passed for
the lest five years do not he surprised, do not be mortified because
the smile is gone. What else eaa
yon expect f—Canadian Bailroader.
immense Procession
An immense procession marched
through the streets of Paris to tha
Uur des Foderos in the Pere La-
chaise on the 25th of May. Annually the Socialists thus commemorate
the Commune of 1871, bnt It is long
since tke procession assumed snch
proportions as thia year*
BS RBADY WHBM
YOU TBUraOHl
__* ooamuM n U> pirl >l
t.l«pkon. earn e. tk. followln.
•»S"«I__" wW eare ut nir
!__*■___• b,__.*ln "** tata-
Una tout euttea: -
twk 1» Uut.l_pk.i-. <Umt.iT
•nd h. tan at tk. u-abn.
Do -Ml uO.ntll-fM.ra retty
ta talk.    ,
Sp..k plainly ui lut,. m,
tally. y
B. O. Telephone Oo., Ltd.
PIANOS
A good piino for ltw. S»vo mousy
and bay ■ good piano st lowest prls*
trom us.
MUSE'S MAKO HOUSE,
SM ________  w-   (°PP-  Coartbonw) I
TttapboM Ssy. SMI
O.Nogert*Co.
Siili, Tenie snd Awniip
ft-Mutm' aat ftrp.at.ri'
APBON-1,   BDBBBB  BOOH   ,n*l
oa oionnw
E.tlm.l., elm ea ete.e. wwk
*0 WATEB HBEIt,
TAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
Eastern News
Tko,. of oor retden wko or. ia-
t-r-nt.4 In KMtarn C.ti.dl.n nm
*"_ "orldwld. ...nli .hotli
•nbiorib. to Tb. Nn Dmo-ncT
SOI U.tor BIO,.. JUmlllon, Ont!
■.ItMripllM num »1.50 p., rur.
Onr Clralulon Man**., will
bt plmtd lo renin m** forw.td
■ubicrlptlona.
lha irtw Bnutnc-r l, . ||„
»OrUng*d«ll pap-.r ami ihould be
read by all workor, Inlrnnlvd In
Canadian ud wmldwlila  .v, ,u,
To mt'llibor, of any union In ('mini, ,
apiclal  nt,  for Th.   ftd.mlonlit,
♦ l.ao pit roar—If . ci„i, _(  *0
mor. I. sunt In.
^3fe Quality Cigar
EL BORO
Ideal Size
*t
cL  for/Lx)
Majestic Size
15*
Income
h thebest UnionMadeCigar4F<>r2:5* a^^^^^^^^^^^mmmm
PAGE EIGHT
ELEVENTH YEAB.   No. 2T
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. c.
PBIDAY-
..July   4, 19
GET   IT  AT  WOODWARD'S
Serve Yourself and
Save Money
All Groceries Are Guaranteed—Satisfaction or
Your Money Back—Compare These Prices
and Total Your Savings
Specials for the Week Commencing
July 4th
Granulate-] Sugar, 5 lbs—49e
Upton*.   Orango   Tea;    lip-
ton 'a price 75c, our price 61c
Pacific Milk, 11 for  $1.00
Ketlog'a Dominion Corn
Flakes 10'/,c
Old Dutch Clconeer 8c
Vantoria Jams, 2's 31c
Woodward's   Better   Tea;
rog. 00c  _ .53c
Star Matches, 300'« 7-/ic
Campbell's Soups . .13*/2c
Utility Soap, per cake ......3V_c
The Following Are a Few of Our
Regular Values
Unbleached     Sultanas,
stock, 2 lba. for .
fine
..35c
Australian Jam, lbs.  18c
El Bio Asparagus, per tin.._lc
Del   Monte   Hawaiian   Pineapple   - -20«
Holbrook's   Custard   Powder,
2 for 25c
Bulk Potato Flour, 2 lbs 17c
Carnation Milk +...1SC
Baker's Chocolate...Ac and 23c
Boyal City Tomatoes, 2's..l_c
Boyal City Tomatoes, 2_ 's 17c
Pure Malt Vinegar (Shield's)
for   .ISC
B. C. Herrings, tin, _'e *■•■ 7c
Blue Point Oystora  .29c
Sunflower Pink Salmon, lb.23c
Superlatire  Sockeye   Salmon,
%'s — 19C
"Kootenay" White  Cherries
for  18'/jC
Vantoria Peas .
 84c
Boyal City Pumpkin, 2%s 12c
Malkin's Best Lemonade Powdor ~_ ~  20c
Golden West Soap
Lux 	
..23c
..IO'/jC
FelsNaptha Soap  8'/_c
Boyal Crown Cleanser - 5c
Welch's Grapolado  22c
Boyal   City   Raspberry   Jam,
4 's  - 96c
Clark's Potted Tongue, Beof
or Veal 7'/2c and 18c
Malkin's Baking Pow*der....23c
White Corn Starch He
Cow Brand Soda .7*/2c
Blue Bibbon Peaches  19c
V. C. Currants  .18c
Excelsior Dates  24c
Shaker Salt  __.llc
Bico Flour,     l's  14c
Christie's Sodas  37c
Toilet Paper, per roll  .5c
Christie's Arrowroot Biscuits,
packet   17c
DELEGATES OF I
General Meetings Are to
Be Held Next
Week
The Citizens' -League is to be
congratulated on its efforts in
binding the workera cloaer together. The workera are now next
to thia labor smashing outfit
PANTAGES
** KBIT WBBK
"THE 1919 SOHQ and DANCE
BBVTO"
Othar Blf Untuni
Mounties   Raid
Homes and Offices
of Labor  Men
(Continued from page 1)
Member Drove a Jitney-
Has His Membership
Cancelled
The loggers headquarters are this
week more than ever a centre ot
activity owing to the advent of large
numberB of camp delegates and
members who are busily engaged
drafting proposals for the general
meetings to be held next week. All
districts aire well represented and
important results should accrue
trom the gathering. A ready response to the call sent out by the
Central Strike Committee was given
by those few camps with whom
communication was flrst estab.
llshed, and the calling off the strike
by the Committee undoubtedly prevented a wholesale closing ot
camps.
The various Individual strikes are
still in hand, some with good pros,
pects of very satisfactory settlement.
The underground workers, surface men and power plant men ot
Belmont Mines, Surf Inlet are all
out for Increased pay and improved
safety appliances. Mine workers
are particularly warned to keep
away until the trouble Is settled.
Fellow worker Arthur Courte,
whose conviction for desertion from
the military forces was Quashed on
appeal, is again in mufti and wishes
to express his thanks to the organization for the manner ln wblch lt
backed his cause.
A member of the union named J.
Lugan went jitney driving during
the strike, and his case having been
investigated it has been decided to
cancel his membership and to notify all fellow workers accordingly.
Undoubtedly one of the big questions to be discussed at the general
meetings will be that of camp conditions, as the logger has reached
the stage of refusing any longer to
be herded like animals. There is
considerable evidence that the employers are recognizing that conditions have to be changed, and in
many instances Improvements are
being effected and arrangements
made for carrying out othors of a
more permanent nature. It is hoped
that the day in which a logger can
be called a blanket stiff has n°ssed.
doubt as to their functions, and that
the government of this land is to
establish a reign of terror so far
as organized labor is concerned,
Minister of Labor Robertson is evidently to minister copious doses of
the new brand of democracy to any
who differ from the government.
HI 1 RICH
Niagara
Maid Silk
Gloves
A SUPPLY of Silk
Gloves is an economy because gloves
multiply their wear
with constant ehange.
Here is an opportunity to stock up on
gloves of heavy, firm
silk that are carefully
finished and well fitting.
—In white, black, grey,
champagne or eream, with
plain or fancy stitched
backs, at $1.50 a pair.
White, black, navy, grey,
pongee, champagne or
brown Silk Gloves, in
sizes 5i/o to 8, at $1.25
a pair.
Elbow length Silk Gloves,
in white, black, French
grey, sky or pink, at
$1.25, $1.50 and
$1.65 a pair.
670 Granville Street
Paris Offers Great Bargains
During His Removal Sale
MEN'S SHOES—Very suitable for everyday wear; box kip uppers,
leather or unlincd, solid leather soles, with rubber or leather
heels.   All sizes.   Ucgulut $7.50.
Sale price **	
HEN'S FINE SHOES—In all styles; blnck, tan, or kid uppers;
leather or Neolin soles; recede or round toes. These aro all exceptional values. They aro all high-grade shoes, well made and
good comfortable fitters. All sizes. Actual $9.00
and $10.00.   Sale price	
HEN'S SHOES—In black or tan calf, whito Neolin soles and rubber heels; made on a good smart last. Beg. $8.50 &-C QC
and $9.00.    Salo price    -pKjsVD
$5.45
$7.45
OUTING SHOES—In all styles, best quality only. We do
not Intend to move any of these lines to oor new store, and
offer big reductions to clear them ont.
Bring your repairs bere.   Satisfaction guarantett'
P.PARIS
Boot and Shoe Manufacturer
64 HASTINOS STBEET WEBT
ONE DOOB WEST OF COLUMBIA THEATRE
Phone Seymour 4716
Wonderful Reductions
on Ladies' Garments
Owing to itrike condition* and the extremely
!?*    backward ieaion we are loaded np with a far larger
itock than we care to carry,
During July we offer those garments at a Sacriflco Trice and on
exceptionally liberal terms.
SOI T B
Beg. 439.50 for  129.60
(49.50 for  139.50
(5.00 cash deposit and $2.00
pet week.
Beg. $65.00 for  $49.50
$8.00 eaah deposit and $2.00
jar week.
OOATS
Beg. $25.00 for  $19.50
$35.00 for  $25.00
♦39.50 for  $29.60
$5.00'cash deposit and $2.00
per week.
Eog. $59.00 for  j..$49.50
♦8.00 cash doposit and $2,00
por week.
20 Fer Cent. Off en All Capes and Dolmans
B,C. OUTFITTING CO.
-       842 HASTINGS STREET WEST
a  , Near Homer
Five and Half Per Cent.
Patriots—Who WiU
Have to Pay?
[Dr. M. Clark, M. P., in House of
Commons, Juno 12, 1919]
I have heard a great deal of extravagant praiso given to the Victory Loans, nnd I understand we are
to have another domestic loan floated. It as well for us to understand
economically what a domestic loan
is, how it operates. Theso loans are
bought and owned, necessarily,
mostly by the wealthy peoplo of tho
country, because you do not get
them unless you hav* tho money to
pay for them. They aro owned free
of taxation; thuy are bought by the
wealthy who have made millions in
the war; and thc interest upon them
will, wo have been assured, by the
minister of finance, bo extended over
a largo number of futuro years upon
thc devoted honds of the runk und
file of the people of this country, if
you continue to raise your revenue
by a tariff. Thereforo, the loans being owned by thc wealthy, the interest will bc paid, first by every returned soldier and his wife and family upon tho clothes which ho wears
and tho boots and socks which his
family wear; second, by the ranks
of labor; third, by tho farmers; nnd
fourth, by the general consuming
public of the country. Under those
conditions, I havo no hesitation in
saying that I nm not a five and n
half per cent, patriot myself. There
is no patriotism in those loans, nnd
while that is a vory strong statement
to muke, many thnt have bought
thom say: We -do not profess to be
patriots in buying upon the credit
of the Dominion of Canada nt five
and a hnlf per cent.; you could not
get a better financinl investment
upon the surface of the world. That
is how I view theso loans, and that
is why I emphatically endorso the
advice of tho lion, member for
Bromo when ho suys stop borrowing.
LEFEAUX TO ADDRESS
EX-SERVICE MEN
Propaganda Meetings livery Sunday
Afternoon in Soldiers
New HaU
A successful propaganda meeting
was held by the Ex-Soldiers and Sailors1 Labor Council of Canada in tho
Auditorium of their new quarters,
152-154 Cordova stroot east. Theso
meetings will bo hold each Sundny,
and the speakers will be men and
women who nre conversant with
working class problems.
Next Sunday, W. W. Lofoaux will
be the' speaker, with Kinney in the
chni r.    .
Question*! ani discussion. Tho
platform is open to every onc.
Doors open at 2:30 p.m.
Mission Leaves for Kabul
London* Eng.—Tho Afghans-have
asked Russian and Hungarian correspondents to visit "tho Anfclo-
Afghan revolutionary front," anda
Bolshevist mission left Tashkent
for Kabul on the 10th. The Afghans are reported much elated at
the Bolshevist success in Trans-
Caspia, whero Kaakha has fallen and
the Trans-Caspinns have withdrawn
to Duslmk on tho railway westward
from Merv.
NOT GET PAPER?
Subscribers Are Offered a
Few Suggestions for
Their Benefit
Every now and again somebody
rushes into tho office of the Federationist and wants to know why they
havo not receivod thc paper. Nine
times out of ten its tho reader's
own fuult. Let us explain: Suppose your landlord raises the rent on
you and you move. Tho very next
day the post office notifies us that
you have moved and left no change
of address. The post office fines us
one cent for evory paper we send to
that address thereafter. "What elso
can we do but cut you off the mailing list? A week or two afterwards
you rush into the ofllce with your
tale of not getting tho paper or of
having changed your address and
then wo have to look through all our
back mailing lists to find out all
about it. This can bo easily remedied by you. One of the first things
you should do BEFOBE you movo is
to notify the postman or tho post
office of your change of address. The
post offico will then notify us and
wo will make the necessary chango
and everything will go along smoothly and you will continue to receive
the papor.
IN EWE
Another victory lias heen won hy
Labor, The makers'of the "l.a
Proterencla" cigars are now running a strictly union shop aftor
fighting organized labor for a considerable length of time.
Don't forget that the B. C. Telephone Company Is trying to break
up the Telephone Operators Unton.
Fatroniso Fcdcratloaist  advertls*
en and tell them whv vou do so.
When   through with   this paper,
pass it on.
Hot
Weather
Suits
2 and 3 Piece
$25
and
$30
Shop of
fcljum
Gkafl
Thos. Foster
& Co., Limited
514 Granville St.
Imperialistic   War   Has
Helped Change Views
of Many Workers
Labor conditions in Europo approach apparent realization of the
fears and prophecies of those who
have beon looking for rovolution
against the imperialistic peaco made
by tho governments who have beon
fighting for democracy. In France,
the miners' federation has arranged
for a general strike at the mines,
due to failure of the French government to interpret satisfactorily
tho eight-hour day law. The executive committee of thc Confederation
Goncralo du Trnvail (General Federation of Lobor) has issued a manifesto demanding that the govornment end profiteering, which has
sont costs of living skyrocketing.
In tho meantime a genernl strike
is developing in France and the government hns mobilized troops at
strategic points to prevent rioting.
The workers have demnnded moro
than hours, pay and an end to profiteering. Their protest is directed
against (1) tho delay that has existed in the pence parleys; (2) the
high cost of living; (3) tho threat
of new taxes, partially duo to Gormany inability to pay the heavy indemnities tho authorities of France
hold out hopes to tho workor that
sho could pay; (4) intervention
ngainst the Bussian and Hungarian
Soviet governments; (5) delay in
demobilization.
But Franco is not tho only country
concerned in this rapidly developing
situation. Thero has occurred in
Franco an international conferenco
of labor leaders with a view of tying
up industry in Franco Italy, England and Belgium. Eighty Italian
unions hnve already voted to join a
genoral international strike.
O.B.U. IS STILL
Has Lived Through Onslaught and Is in Fine
Health-Thank You
One would expect that a request
(or flowers would be Issued by the
supporters of the One Big Union
after the tirade of lies and abuse
that has been levelled at it both by
the capitalist press and that now
famous band of patriots, whose
leaders keep tlieir names from the
general public, the Citizens League.
It seems, however, that the O. B.
U. has been given a tremendous
boost owing to the discussion that
has been created by the activities
of the aforementioned. It was railed
against so much that the worker
had to find out more about lt in
order to help out the League, and
sad to say that what he found out
about lt changed his or her previous opinion about It, and instead of
knocking It he proceeded to join It
and boost lt. And so it happens
that today workers are joining it at
the rate of about 30 per day. The
secretary seems td have his hands
full ln making out receipts for dues,
The Foundry workers union has
gone over almost solid into local
No. 1, which Is now composed of
boilermakers, machinists, blacksmiths and foundry workers. Moulders and pattern makers are almost
ready to Join en masse. The dues
of the O. B. U. are ?1 per month for
mechanics, 75 cents for specialists,
50 cents for helpers and 40 cents
for apprentices. Initiation fee is
one dollar and this amount covers
the first months dues.
The Victoria Blacksmiths Union
has gone over solid to the O. B. U.
Boilermakers and machinists are
expected to follow suit with at least
80 per cent ot the membership of
the present unions.
As far as Vancouver, or in fact
the province of British Columbia is
concerned, the O. B. U. is firmly entrenched in its industrial life. There
is absolutely no doubt of its power
to exist aud grow. It is ln line with
industrial progress. Hence it is
here to stay.
With a membership nearing the
2,000 mark, Local No. 1 leads the
way in the new movement tn the
metal trades. Six hundred steam
and operating engineers form anothor unit of that Industry in the
O. B. U. Five thousand miners will
soon form a nuclcuB of the mining
section of the O. B. IT. Then comes
the loggers with a membership of
8,000 and many other trades which,
now the strike Is settled, will get
down to the business of forming a
union that can effectually cope with
the encroachments of capital and
the exploitation ot the working
class.
neil, "Wells nnd Alexander. Del.
Kavanagh movud that tho surplus
from the strike fund be used to creato a relief fund to be known as
the Trades and Lnbor Council relief fund.   This was adopted.
A bill from the Labor Temple
Company for rent during thc striko
was received and the secretary instructed to protest same. Tho executivo committee recommended
that tho president nnd secretary bo
authorized to securo premises suitable for tho council and local union
meetings was amended by adding
that the officers mentioned report to
HELLO    PEOPLE!
HEBE'S AH mPOEIAMT MESSAOE BE IBB NEW YOHE ODT-
nTTIMO 0O.-8
BIG STOCK REDUCING SALE
Tb
WHICH STARTS   SATURDAY,  JULY Sth
HIS IS A SALE that !■ different—beuuae we offer yon real l-ftte
irioeB on MEN'S AND WOMEN'S CLOTHING of the "better
[ind," with the added advantage of onr
LIFE-LINE OF CREDIT
which helps to remove your lines of worry, pulls 70a above the em-
bftrrasement ot being able to boy only whon yon have the cash. The
'latch string is ont tor you—open the door to your own soccuss.
Oome in, attend the sale and see how much at home you feel amongst
our generous terms and easy prices.
LADIES' SUITS, reg. »1S.50
to 100.50. Salo prices $12.50
to 140.60.
LADIES' CAPES AND DOLMAN'S, reg. 135.00 to 149.50.
Sale prices 122.00 to 182.50
MEN'S SUITS, reg. t22.50 to
ISt.00. Sale prices, (16.00 te
149.50.
LADIES'  DRESSES, reg. 122
to 147.50.   Sale prices, 114.60
MEN'S SPRING OVERCOATS
reg. (27.50 to (45.00. Sale
pricei 119.00 to 154.50
to 132.60.
A amall deposit down and the balance payable either weekly or
monthly as desired.
BBESS WBLL OH EAST TEEMS AT
New York Outfitting Co., Ltd.
14S HASTINOS STBEET WEST
Opposite Province Offlce
Bar. 1M1
Tremendous Values
in Dinnerware
Headquarters
for
China
and
Toys
2 BETS ONLY—In beautiful Imported China, sho
ing a dainty floral bouquet pattern on a SOI
French-grey background. 46 pieces (j»-| Q *J\
to the set.   VEBY SPECIAL ***'''
3 SETS ONLY—Genuine Imported English Ben
porcelain, showing a nice variety of patterns
the wanted designs.    48 pieces     &1 C *7I
to thc set.   VERY SPECIAL AT.... *-4~Y?    •
CELESTE ADAMS DINNER SERVICE — Tt
dainty open-stock pattern can bo added to as yi
desiro. There aro 60 pieces to the original si
Good quality English Semi-porcelain. dJI/J Ai
VERT SPECIAL AT  %Vl'~t*J
Millar & Coe, Limitec
419 HASTINGS WEST
tho council before taking ony definite action.
A resolution from Prince Bupert
protesting againat the action of the
government in .Winnipeg was endorsed, and another resolution from
Hamilton urging a general striko
for tho release of tho arrested men
was tabled until nfter the trials. The
council adjourned at 10.30 p.tn.
Ask your grocor if his clerks are
in tho union f
Whero is your union button*
Ignorance of social law excut
no one; the blind advocates of
policy of repression of profound i
eiul forces cannot hope to escape t
inevitable consequences of the i
action.
Another 50 cents per ton w
added to the retail price of coal
Victoria, making the rato per t
$10.75.
Patronize Fedorationist  advert
ers.
AT
Member of British Labor
Party to Speak for
F. L. P.
Meetings at tho Columbia Theatro
continue to be crowded in spito of
tho fact that it is midsummer. Interest in world events is apparently
greater than tho attraction of "outdoors" when the time comes for
these weekly meetings. Richardson
will take as his subject "Present-
Day Topics." The meeting will
commence with recital by Mr. Julian Haywood at 7:30.
A record meeting was held by thc
South Hastings Brunch on Wednesday last at which Comrado Richardson delivered the address, ond on
July 20 ho is billed for a tnecting
nt Victoria, where tho locnl officers
are looking for ono of tho largest
theatres for tho occasion.
Judging from enquiries reaching
heudquarters from various provincial points, thore is nn increasing
interost in things political from tho
workors' standpoint, and ono undoubted result of tlio present industrial crisi.H will bo nn increaso in the
numbor of P. h. P. branches.
Strike Committee Made
Final Report to Council
(Continued from page 1)
yards. He also stated that he wos
of tho opinion that iri the very near
futuro their organization would be
stronger than over.
Recognition of the Makura Grew
A committeo of three wns appointed to find ways and means of showing appreciation of the action of thc
crew of tho Makura; thc committee
boing Dels. Kavanagh, Smith and
Hill. For tho purposo of rnising
funds for tho defouce of tho men arrested in Winnipeg, a committee of
three wus nppointed to act with a
committee from tho Socinlist Party
nl' Cumidn, l!ic Federated Labor
Party, and tho B. C. Federation of
Labor, tlio cumiuittco being Midgloy, Wood and Youngash.
J)cl. Wells stated that tho watchmen of tho city wcro desirous of organizing, and he suggested that they
bo taken into tho Janitors and Elevator Workers' Locul. Tho matter
was referred to tho secretary. A
committeo to raiso relief funds wns
appointed. Tho members arc as follows:    JcffricB.   Kermode.   MpT)oh-
Everything in Men's Outfits—in the One Store.
Take
this
tip
It pays any man to buy his shoes at a
store which deals in Men's Shoes
exclusively.
DICK'S Shoe Store caters only to Men—it buys from factories
which specialize in Men's Shoes—whose designers lay out
types of shoes that will meet the particular demands of men.
DICK buys in large quantities—in many cases he has his shoes
made up in exclusive lines from special designs.
ALL THAT THIS MEANS-IN QUALITY-IN STYLE-IN
COMFORT—DICK OFFERS FOR LESS THAN ELESWHERE
WHITE  CANVAS SHOES
—a real Canvas Shoo for Men—Fine quality  canvas—well  made—leather
.  soles and heels.
DICK'S <ho  r*f\
PRICE : UpO.OKJ
CUSTOM  MADE  SHOES
—in black or brown—calf—extra quality—Hyman oak tanned sole—recede
toe—made on the straight last.
PRICE .$ 10.00
Every shoe sold under our guarantee—Your money's worth or
your money back. •
Ten Per Cent. Off to All Soldiers
33-45-47-49, Hastings ShEasfr.

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