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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 28, 1918

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Array THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
TENTH YEAR.  No. 26
OFFICIAL PAPER: VANCOUVEB TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR
EIGHT PAGES VANCOUVER, B, C., FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 28, 1918
POLITICAL UNITT:  VICTORY
Government Gave Permission for Importation of
Colored Men
Contentions  of  Men  Are
Fully  Proved  by
Witnesses
To enquire into charges laid by employees of the C, P, R. dining-car service system that they were discharged
from their positions iu May last because they joined the Canadian Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, and that
their places were filled by imported negroes, a board of conciliation and investigation held its first session at tho
court house on Wednesday night.
The board is composed of Mr. Justico
Macdonald, chairman; Mr. E. A. James,
the nominee of the company, and Mr.
Victor Midgley, the nominee of the men.
For moro thnn three hours evidence of
employes was heard.
Mr. J. H, McVety appeared for the
mon, and Mr. If. F. Matthews of Winnipeg, an official of the C. P. 11., appeared
on behalf of tho eompany.
Whon the session opencdj Mr. F. A.
Tinglcy, C. P. R, dining-car superintendent at Vancouver, and Mr. Matthews,
stated thai the company hud not asked
for a board, no one would appear on its
behalf, but that Mr. Matthews would
liko lo ask questions of Ihe witnessos.
Mr. Justice Maedonald objected to
this, saying lhat ho could not permit
nny porson io usk questions beforo the
board unless ollii'inlly representing one
sido or Ihe other, and that if Mr. Matthews chose to ask quostions he would
have to appear as the olliiciul representative of the company, coming within
the scope of the net.
Mr. Matthews finally agreed to this,
and the understanding is that he may
resign iu favor of any one vise, other
than a lawyer, at the nest session of
the board. This has been set ns far
ahead as Tuesday evening next, owing
to thc fact that Mr. Justice Macdonald
expects to be engaged during the remainder of tho week on tho B. C. Electric Conciliation Board now sitting.
Winnipeg to tbe Coast
Some discussion arose nt the opening
of the proceedings over the wording of
the letter RMthori/.ing the board, and
from which it might bc inferred that it
had jurisdiction in tho enquiry over alleged discrimination against the dining-
car employees on eastern as well us
western lines of the 0. P. R. It was II-
nally agreed to retain the scope of the
euquiry to lines from Winnipeg west-
wnrd.
lu slating his case for the men, Mr.
MeVety reviewed the circumstances
lending up to the discharge of the men,
alleging that officials nf the 0. P. R. at j
Vancouver, Calgary and Winnipeg had
called employees before thom nnil nsked
the men if Ihey were members of tho
union, and if so, they would have toj
surrender their positions or otherwise]
their places would be filled by women,
negroes tir Asiatics. All the meu, he
said, were those not subject to military
service under the classes already culled
up. and eight of them at Vnncouver
were roturned soldiers.
They had been replaced, he said, by
negroes, who had been brought into
Canada in violation of the Alien Lnbor
Act. The reason given for the dismissal wus thnt the company maintained
the men eould be used for more important work on the road. This reason was
abrogated, he said, by the fact that at
the same time of the dismissal, or short*
ly afterwards, a number of men who
hud been working on trains currying
coolie labor, were laid off by the eompany. The situation had boen discussed
by a joint committee of the Board of
Trade and the Trades and Labor Council, and a resolution drawn up ratified
by meetings of both bodies and which
he would place oa file for the board.
Says Act Was Violated
Mr. McVety maintained that the negroes who replaced the mon were not
only brought into British Columbia iu
contravention of the Alien Lnbor Act,
but under false pretences.
Mr. Justice Mucdonald said thut the
point Mr. MeVety, under the constitution of the board, was emphasising was
that of discrimination against the men
and not under what conditions thc negroes were brought into the country.
This latter allegation might come up
during the course of the proceedings,
but it did not constitute a part of the
enquiry, ns that wns not u mntter for
the board to judicnte upon.
Commissioner James said that he understood from what he heard in Montreal that the 0. 1'. lt. had obtained
speciul permission from the government
to bring in these men in order to re-
leaso others for agricultural work.
There were more thun forty witnesses
ready to give evidence for the men's
side of the cuse, only u portion of
whom were heard at Wednesday night's
session. The story told by the men was
practically the same throughout. Each
dining car crew had been called before
Superintend ett t Tinglcy in n body and
each man nsked individually if he v,»>i
n member of the union. Mr. Tinglcy
is then alleged to have stated lhat he
was sorry because the C. P. It. would
not recognize a union nnd if necessnry
the compnny CO-J Id dispose of its crews
and replace them by negroes or women
or do uwny with dining cars altogether
and build eating houses nlong (he line.
Severnl of the witnesses nlso suid
thut Mr. Tinglcy hud told them that
they would not be dischnrged becnuse
they belonged to tho union. Three
weeks lifter their interviews, suid the
witnesses, they were dischnrged nnd
given two weeks' pny in lieu of notice j
and thnt no renson wus given them for
their dismissal other thun thnt their
services were no longer required.
Has 10,000 Members
Elroy Robson, organizer for tho Cnnndinn Brotherhood of   Rnllrond   Train-
(Continued on Page 5.)
(Jn Vancouver \
V Olty. 12.00   /
$1.50 PER YEAR
Political  Camouflaf
Not Work W|
Veterans
iWill
Stormy   Liberal   MVBttngs
Indicate Dissatisfaction
With Government
If moetings nro anything to go by,
tho Libernl nominee in Victoria will
be nt the bottom of tho poll on Friday,
in the by-election.
Tho Liberal meetings hnve boen anything but hnrmonious, tho candidate and
Attorney-General FnrriB and the premier have not been able to address a
meeting without interruptions, and cat
calls, etc., thc speakers having to shout
at the top of their voicos to bo heard.
The following is a sample of the proceedings nt one of the Liberal meetings:
The Major's Reception.
To Bay that it wad a mixed reception
which Major Langlcy recoived is putting it mildly. Cries of "camouflage" and "n would-be returned soldier," and "we don't want him and
won't have him," came hurtling from
all parts of the theatre, nad the major
made his initial public bow to the electors. The chairman attempted' to explain that the meeting wns a Liberal
one solely, and the hnll pnid for by
thc Liberals, an announcement which
was greeted by ironical cries.
It wus a hard light for the attorney*
g-onornl to get ahead with his exposition of tho policies of the government
nnd his eulogies of their merits, and
lu; lost patience when he literally howled: "You are getting a pretty good
illustration tonight, Indies and gentlemen, of how they (the interrupters want
to deal with these great questions, by
cat-calls and boos,"—nnd there wns a
fresh outbreak.
Before concluding Hon. Mr. Farris
referred to the work of the labor department under Mr. McNiven and made
the announcement that within three
woeks the Minimum Wage Board would
be constituted and in operation. He
pointed to the eight-hour -dny measure
passed nt thc last session nnd promised
its oxtonsion to other lines of lnbor.
The eight-hour day in the coal mines
was a good thing.
Thnt the game of playing politics
with tho returned men wiTl not work
is very evident by fhe above, nnd if
wo can gage the -situation correctly
Comrade Giolma will "be returned nt
the polls.
tin
The Staff of Life
Whnt are you doing to break
strangle hold of the Bakers TiMst on
the locked out employoes? Are you
supplying the trust with the sinews of
war? When you stop buying yonr
bread from the trust you will iminednte-
ly cease supplying them with the wherewithal with which they figlit labor. If
you have your bread delivered at the
house cull up Dodson's Bnkery, Seymour 38811, nnd have them supply you
with union mndo brend. If yota get
your brend from tbe grocery store don 't
tnke any other mnke thnn that of the
following firms, whose brend is nlso
mnde under union conditions, und be
sure to look for tho Inbel: Hose's Bnkery, Bungalow Bnkery, Robertson's
Bnkery, McFndzenn 's Bukery, British
Bnkery, Ferguson's Bnkery, Gndley Ts
Bnkery, Granville Bakery, Beech's Bakery, Obon's Buliery.
The situation remnins unchanged. No
strikers hnve returned to work, and any
talk of returning to work under open
shop conditions the men will not listen
fo.
HI5 BITe <3®>
Efforts to Get Together Met
With Press Opposition
and Espionage
The increased eost ol* living affects the wives of soldiers as well as workers.
OLD TIME VICTORIA JUICELESS DAYS IF
WORKERS STRIKE
Re-elected as President of
Shipyard Laborers at
Oakland
Electrical Workers May Tie
Up Service to Enforce
New Conditions
Light, power and phone service will
be badly crippled commencing July 1
unless a settlement is reached between
the various compunies and the Electrical Workers. The workers expressed
themselves very forcibly on this matter
at a crowded meeting in the Lnbor
Temple Inst Monday. Although the sen-
| liment wns overwhelmingly in favor of
; going to the but to enforce the do-
mnitdSj final action will not be taken
.     ,.    ,. ,. ,.     I until Sundav..'{ p.m., when special meet-
L.  Martin, n  one-time active h^  of t^g* locals Jn  Vancouver and
trade? unionist. In the city of Victoria,] Victoria will be held.
Expect Early Meeting With
Mayor   Gale   and
Commissioners
Sterling Worth and Sincerity Recognized by California Workers
John
Blacksmiths
Six new members were initiated at
the laBt meeting of the Blacksmiths
Union. Business Agent Rouse hns succeeded in organizing a locnl in New
"Westminster. All members nre working. The District Council executive
committee meets in the Labor Temple
this (Friday) evening.
Cigarmakers
The On riibu na ti nd Ln Prof crone i a
cigars being sold in this eity are made
under very unfnir conditions in London, Ont. Cigars bearing the union
label aad made locally can be obtained
at practically every cigar store. When
buying cigars ask for Vancouver union
made cigars und smoke no others.
General
Teamsters and
Chauffeurs
Union
Local 655
MASS
Meeting
Labor Temple
Wednesday
July 3rd
At 8 p. m.
ii evidently still in the gnme, as word
hah just been received that he has been
elected as president of the Shipyard
Laborers in Oakland, California.
The Tri-City Labor Review, published iu Oakland, Cub, has the following
tn say of our old friend John L.:
"John L. Martin has been re-elected
to the presidency of the Shipyard Laborers Union. He wns given a handsome .majority in recognition of his
faithful and efficient service as chief
executive during the past torm.
"Martin is a shipyard Inborer employed at the Moore Shipbuilding
plant.
"John L. Martin is u mun of sterling
integrity. His devotion to the working,
class is deep and abiding. He is a
writor of no mean ability and a student
who enn hold his own in economies, history and literature. He is one of the
wV.e-nwake, forward-looking element in
th; labor movement and a man whom
tht reactionary element hereabout?
have not been uble to handle.
"The eleetion of John L. Martin wns
something more than a recognition of
ability and integrity nnd devotion to
the rank and tile. It was a repudiation of scheming, renctionnry political
forces outside the union which tried to
milho good the threut of somo months
ngi, to remove Martin from the presidency.
"Martin's election proves that the
Shipyard Laborers Union is still in the
hands    of  shipyard   laborers   and   not
Organization Proceeds and
90 Per Cent, of Men Are
Now Members
I
The City I'olicemons Union has drawn
up the following eon sti tiu tlon, und snmo
1 wns submitted to the police cominis-
jsioners on Tuesday by V. R. Mldgley,
business agent uf the control body.
Article .1.   The nnme of this organize- j
Hon shall be the Vancouver, B.
Policomens Union.
Membership
Article 2.    This union shnll be
City
and
and
Want a Closed Shop
The local feels that it is sufficiently
orgnnized to not only obtain the wnges
demanded, but to huve u closed shop.
Men who have been carrying curds for
five, 10, 15 and us long us 25 years me
of the opinion that it is about time
that thoso  who benefit  by    tho    past
efforts of the brotherhood should also posed of police officers, drivers
pay for the upkeep of the organization, [jailors, embracing all rnnks up t<
Employors object to the closed shop be- ; including sergeants nnd detectives,
cuuso it places greater power in the Objects
hands of the employees.    Bat the -cm-      Ar(iclc 8_   (l|)  To US(l „ ]egi|i.
ployees, toiling as they do, year in and ' , ,.     „   , ...
year out, under nil kinds of weather | mat° Hml WMpnaMo effort to maintain
conditions, feel that they should havo * just, impartial and efficient "public
more say in the running of the business 1 service,
thnn they have at present. (M To rigidly maintain 11 true sense
Dangerous Men on Job flf ?£,'8n,io" t0 tlu: 'm,,lic b? G0™.??1''
,„, , .... entlv guarding against  nnv possibility
With non-union men on the nob, there Lf moini„,rs withholding their services
is nlwnys a grenter danger to the life as n means of obtaining redress, and
and limb of thc other men. Many ac- to have nil differences between the au*
cidents occur and lives ore lost at. this thorities and members arranged or de
purticular work nad the men feel that elded by amicable and conciliatory
I they should be nblc to mnke their own  means*
conditions, but it cannot be done so (c) To obtain and maintain reason-
long us non-union men are ready to ablo hours of duty, rates of wuges and
stand aloof from -enforcing conditions, [other conditions  of labor.
It is to bo hoped that the compnnies * (d) To provide temporary •assistance
will grant the demnnds asked for in to members when suspended or dis*
this instance and save n whole lot of | charged from duty through causes over i
Democracy Is an Unknown
Quantity at Island
Coal Camp
Nanaimo has been a most interesting
place for the paBt few weeks. The
United Mine Workers of America have
held a series of meetings. The stool-
pigeons with altruistic zenl, either with
or without invitation, shook off their
complacence and immediately launched
out in fearless endeavor to merit and
obtain the good conduct badges that
aro periodically bestowed by their magnanimous masters. The names and utterances of now members were conveyed holus bolus to thc employer with
that excellent system of wireless telephone, so well perfected in vnrious
works, particularly those unorganized,
A myriad bugn-boos were invented, men
in tones varying from pp to ff, accord
ing to thc purposo in view, diRcussod
strike and other countless evils thai
would bo UBhercd iu to this haven of
quietude with thc advent of thc union.
Some of the puny coal company satellites—outside tho workers—were visibly moved. In order that the nervous
tension might be somewhat allayed, a
letter was inserted in tho two daily
pnpers, briefly explniniag thc fallaciousness of this glibe chatter heard on
thc street. Both papers commented
editorially on the letter, a most par-
tisnn streak running through the adroit
editorials. For absolute piffle the following is hnrd to beat.
"B.it if they feel as we believe they
do feel, that their lot today in Nanaimo is better than it ever hns been before, that under thc present management, ond with a committee of their
own mates, their own friends and intimates, to look after their interests,
there is littlo or nothing in reason
which they desiro for tho betterment
of their lot which they cannot have almost for the asking, then the V. M.
W. of A. will find no permanent abiding plnce in this city." Were it not
so serious tho irony would provoke
laughter. A committee of their mates,
to get any marked changes without any
organization (other than the coal company) to either instruct or support Bnid
committee in their action. What committee cnn get the most mediocre measure of justice from nn employer who
dictnt of tally instructs his subordinates
to jeer, sneer, fire, do anything subtly
or surreptiously if possible to keep the
Union out?   Were it possiblo for those
slain Oil  the battle fields Of Flanders—'
some from Nanaimo—to know, who died I
endeavoring to crash   autocracy,   thoy
would surely derisively shriek at   such I
mockery.    What incongruity, when wo J
find that    instend    of   journeying lo
I Flanders  tu crush   autocracy,   we   had
[need to commence tit home.'   The editorials referred to were answered   In
letter, but nt this writing, though neor
ly two weeks have elapsed, tho letter;
have  not  appeared  in  the respectivi
pnpers.    Wo always did  have certain
ideas re the functions   of    the   press,
(specially the - by -1 kind that wc huve
in  many of our small  towns, who for
meal ticket reasons ure forced to dame
to the tune of the corporation a'nd |>o
lit ie nl   pnrty,   however,   suffice   lo  say
the necessity of the worker getting Ins
information from his own press is constantly becoming mor.' obvious.   Fancy
an employer in this duy and age, dur
Industrial Organization b
Making Great
Progress
Political Situation One That
Inspires Great
Hopes
Those who express the opinion that
the Labor movement in Great Britain il
not making any headway, may soma
morning wake up to the fact tbat possibly greater strides are being made in
that country thnn in any other part of
tho world.
Thc trades unions are making great
strides towards industrial unionism, the
Bailroad workers now being practically
merging into one body, the Amalgamated Carpenters has already, by mutual
arrangement, taken over the Amalgamated Cabinet Makers, nnd is now
considering a proposal to take over the
National Amalgamated Furnishing
Trades Association, and definite proposals are being placed before the membors of the two organizations as a basis
of the amalgamation.
In addition, they are to provide for
the admission of tho women workers
into the organization. In the year 1916
a proposal of this kind was turned down
and to that extent at least workers in
the wood working industries havo advanced.
The General Laborers organization
hns for some time past tuken women
workers into iu ranks, and has nlso
demanded equal pay for equal work.
Women working in the railroad industries, and in tho street car Bervice have
had tho some wages for the work performed as tho men, for some time now.
The building trades have formed a
federation, whereby there can be no
sectional strikes, and whieh provides
funds for the workers on strike, in addition to that already provided for in
the different craft organizations. The
organizations affiliated with this body
aro under a financial guarantee as to
the faithful performance of thoir obligations, and it would appear to be a
real attempt to form an industrial organization.
Turning   to   thc   political situation,
press reports would lead us to believe
that the more revolutionary element is
saining control. At this time the Trades
Union Congress is holding its annual
conference, and we sec men like O. N.
Barnes and G. H. Roberts, who are considered   amongst  the  reactionary element, under the neeosBitv of publishing
manifestoes to explain their position as
members  of fhe coalition  government,
nnd the radical wing is demanding nn
end of flic truce, and to make the issue
a straight fight between the ruling clnss
and the working class.
1    If the radical element gains control
In the present conference, it will mean
the  end  of the  old  iirrangement,  nud
enndidntes in the interests of Labor will
[bo put forward in oyer 4(10 constituencies nt the next general election.   A prominent trade unionist iu Grearf Rrituin,
.in Its monthly journal, has the follow-
ing to say on the political situation:
I    "The legislation which hns been passed through (he House of Commons during tho  past  three years has  brought
home to the minds of the workers the
necessity of securing control of the machinery of government. Control enn only
be obtained us the result of an intelligent determination on behalf of those
who are anxious about  the future welfare of the nntion as a whole.   What-
ver be the shortcomings of our present
, 1 -     ■ , •: ,    ■_ •    ..    1 ever ne tne
nig this superhuman struggle fer the  1 „i ,      _.    ■.   1    ir 1 "1      1
_• ,,. .     '     .       ,,   ,hh , Labor party, 1   should  bo remombcred
establishment of word democracy,  s* *t.b* •. -,. 1.
unnecessary    hard    feeling.    That tho
men are determined to enforce their demnnds in the present instance, no matter what the public may think is a
foregone conclusion.
The men hnve ref.ised  to arbitrate
yet hi  the hands of reactionary lnbor' and unless the local takes further action
p-l'tit-uins outside the union. j on  the  mutter tho board   will be ig-
"To be president of a union of some j nored. Negotiations nre still going on
thousands of working men is no small ] between the local's committee nnd the
honor.   It is a burden which John   L, | various compunies aad it is quite possi-
Mnrtin is fully uble to curry."
More power to his elbow. The Civic
Laborers of Victoria know thnt the
nlovo statements are not mere lip service, but that the sentiments expressed
nre the sentiments of nil the organized
rkcrs in B. C. who have met him.
both  in  the Centrnl body in Victorin,
Ide thnt a satisfactory ngreement ma
come before Sunday.
Hotel and Restaurant Employees
A new wage gcale lias been presented
to proprietors of reslnurniits    by    the
Hotel aad Restaurant Employeea Union.
.   A great number of the houses have aland at the annual conventions of thoready signed  up  without   mn* trouble
B. C. Federation of Labor. L,l(] judications are that the scale will
be met without a dissenting voice. Mc*
! Intyre's and McLeod's ure both on the
(unfair list. A great number of men.
' among them sonic members of orgnnized
j lnbor nre eating at the Chinese joints.
■ while close at hand are euthig houses
employing white help uud pnying the
union scale and signed up for tlie new
scule.
which thoy hnve no control, or through
unjust treatment, und to provide legal
or other assistance when necessary in
matters pertaining to the omploymont
of members,
Mnyor (Jnle had promised the men
I thut he would hnve the police commissioners meet to go over the proposed
j constitution within twenty-four hours
latter receipt of name, but he was not in
1 the city 011 Wednesday, nnd to ihe time
pf going to press no conference has
been held, btol it is expected that ns
! soou ns the mayor can possibly spare
time the matter will be dealt with.
j V. R. Midgley reports that flic po
illccinen arc fully DO per cent, organ-
zed, and that all is working smoothly
n the new organization.
suing orders to his men when leaving
their work how to conduct themselves
until they returned. If that Is do
mocrucy, then I wish to be excused from
accepting it. The Feilerutionist reaches
quito u number of Xuiininio men, but
not near enough, so when you have read
your Fed. pass it Oil. 1 herewith wish
to say to you collectively, not iwlividu
ally, for you have many good men
among yon. If you nre satisfied with
the extraordinary favorable condition;
prevailing, kindly remember you li
it within your power to retain it. It'
you believe as your editors' believe,
that everything is   satisfactory,   thn*
"your committee of mates and int:
mates can get anything within reason"
for you," then by nil meum save the
money you would pay into u union.
(Continued on Page 4)
ENGINEERS ARE
General Walkout on July 1
Unless Bosses Make
Settlement
I'nless the demands, sent to employ
ers of stationary engineers, nre granted
in full by July 1. all members of the
union will go out on strike to enforce
same. Such was the sentiment of the
Local Union '120 Steam and Operating
Engineers at a big meeting held in the
Labor Temple lust Monday.
No individual members will be allowed to compromise on the question of
time and one-half for overtime. And
it. wns decided thut the wuge scule
shall be enforced in its entirety.
Quite u nMmber of mills hnve already
granted the wages nnd conditions de
mnndod and u number of othors are
preparing to do so before July 1.
The prospects are good* for the establishment of the eight-hour dny throughout the province without having to resort to a strike, but if the employers
still demand that members of the locnl
shnll continue to work the long hours
they have done in the past, then the
responsibility for a strike will be on
tlieir hands.
Organized labor is solidly behind tho
Engineers In this matter so there will
be very little monkey business.
Business Agent Aloxnncjor stntes that
since the union decided to take action
to enforce the eight-hour day, he has
had difficulty in keeping track of the
great n'.'.mber of new npplicntions for
membership nnd expects to have nn
hundred per cent, organisation in thc
province in u very short timo,
Strike Vote lo Be Taken at
Broadway Theatre on
Saturday Night
i At the meeting of the Street Railwny-
men on WodnoBtlny evening, it wus
I decided lo give full support to the To
| licomon in their endeavors io obtain
the right to organize.
A muss meeting will be held Saturday
e llroadwiiy Theatre for
discussing the proposed
midnight in th
the purpc
ngreoment, nnd the decision of the concilia lion board, which is expected to
be ready by that time; in fact the
representatives of the mon have stated
that unless it is ready by that time it
will be useless.
A referendum strike vote will be
taken at the meeting if a settlement is
not arrived at by that time.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, June 30—Electrical
Workers, Typographical Union,
MONDAY, July I—Boilermnkors.
St en m Knginecrs, Electrical
Workers, Tailors, Machinists
Ne. 71W.
TUESDAY,    July     2~-Brewery
Workers, Shoe Worki is. Hutch-
ers and Mont Cutters. Cigar-
mnkorh, Railway Firemen, Ma
chinists Ladies Auxiliary.
WEDNESDAY, July 3—Teamsters    and    Chauffotirs,    1'ress
Feeders, Tile Layers, Metal
Trndes      Council,       I'liiMiTors,
Hotel und Rcslfluronf Employees.
THURSDAY, .Inly 4—Garment
Workers,    Trndes   and    Labor
Council.
FRIDAY, duly 5—Rnilwny Carmen. File Drivers und Wooden
Hridgeinen, Civic Employees,
Molders, Letter Curriers, War**
housemen, Telephone Operntors,
Minimum Wuge Lengue.
SATURDAY,    July
Blacksmiths,
tl— linkers,
thnt it is but a very small minority of
40 in a house of 070 representatives.
We ure informed by expi rt stntistic'rns
that the working classes represent 00
per cent, of the population of these islands; it follows, therefore, thnt if we
nre to gain control of the legislutive
machinery, which makes and nmends
the laws which govern our country, we
shall require to decide between sending
representatives of the capitalist clnss
and representatives of the class to
118 | which we as workers belong.
V'i Throughout the length and breadth
of (treat Britain men and women are be-
.ginning to recognize thnt those who
have hnd the  controlling power over
■ tl dmiiiistnitive and legislative roun-
eils of the nation have not demonstrated thut they, as representatives of th-*-
1 privileged elnss, an1 the only persou.-. in
the community who nre capable of legis*
i biting in a manner which will promote
the greatest good for the greatest num-
: ber.    Time  wns  when   the  workers of
'the country had to depend on the land-
i lord  and employing class to represent
the nation  in our nntionnl pnrlinment,
j due to the fnrt that  the groat  musses
1 were   without  education, nnd only  the
privileged and favored few had the ad*
I vantages  which come from being flWe*
' to equip themselves with the knowledge
I which  is necessnry  to conduct and  di-
I rect the affairs of stnte; but today, ns
; the   result   of  wider opportunities for
j learning nud education, men nnd women
aer capable of Inking un intelligent interest in economic, socinl mid political
questions, nnd thousands have so equipped themselves that from our rnnks we
I can send men and women in sufficient
! numbers to represent us on all public
(governing bodies, from that of the local
j Hoard OfGunrdlnns right to the House
of Commons,
"It is expected tlmt something np-
preaching -(Ofl candidates will appeal to
the electorate ns representing the inter-
est,"* of Labor at the next general election. All the large trade unions are
busily endeavoring to place their enndi
dntes in suitable constituencies ,nnd the
Labor parties are giving serious ntten-
jtion to the work of registration and
political orgnnizntion."
Since the above was written, word
has been received to the effect that the
conference referred to, has decided to
call ofl" the politicul truce, and so far
lis can be seen, a general election in
tha Hritish isles is certnin. We shall
then be nblc to gauge the progress made
in those countries. 71
PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY...
.June 28, 101S
SLATER'S
QUALITY     SERVICE
FREE DELIVERY
Pork and Beans, 3 for...
Sardines, 3 for	
Peas, per can.
  25c.
  25c
  15c
  20c
  20c
  25c
  25c
Seeded Raisins, per package -  10c
Not-a-Seed Raisins, 2 for  25c
Tomatoes, per can  15c
Slater's Cheese, per lb  40c
Peaches, per can	
Pears, large size tins
Salmon, 2 for	
Potted Beef, 3 for.
EXTRA SPECIAL
Wild Rose Flour, 10-tb. paper sack, Saturday
only (with other groceries)    65c
SLATER'S
131 Hastings Street East.   Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street   Seymour 866
3214 Main Street.   Fairmont 1683
Vancouver and the Sailor
Men's Summer
Furnishing Specials
75c Pornnan nnd Enelish Silk niul Silk Lisle Sox; nil colors; 3 pairs....$1.45
$1.50 Zimmerknit Natural Balbriggan Cornbinations $1.15
$1.50 W., G. & E. Naincheck Athletic Combinations - $1.15
50c heavy thread Natural Balbriggan Underwear    30c
50 Fancy Silk Striped Wash Tios;    great valuo; 4 for 51.00
$5.00 and $6.50 Panama Hats, Telescope, Fedora and natural shnpes $3.95
Up to $2,50 French Cambric Soft Cuff Outing Shirts, soparate collars,
. $1.65
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
"The Store That's Always Busy"
546-OfeAN VILLE   STREET —546
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
PAINTS
Dependable quality, reasonable price
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.
642 GRANVILLE STREET
I
Canada's Birthday
N ORDRR to celebrate our Dominion's birthday with con
fort and pleasure provide yourself with an outing outfit.
WHITE DUCK AND FLANNEL TROUSEBS
Duck .
. 12.00
Flannel, up from $4.00
Outing Shirts, up from $1.26
Light Underwear, from $1.00 per suit up.
Bathing Suits, from $1.25 up
Straw Hats, from $1.26 up
Panamas, from $5.00 up
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
Tel. Sey. 702
309 to 315 HASTINGS ST. W.
Dominion Day Trips
On the Trolley Lines
Suggestions for spending Canada's National
Holiday at beaches or parks.
BEACHES—Jericho, Kitsilano, English Bay or
Second Beach—all easily and cheaply reached by B. O. Electric cars.
NORTH SHORE—Capilano and Lynn Valley
are famous picnic grounds and scenic spots,
Take B. O. Electrio cars from North Vancouver ferry wharf.
FRASER VALLEY—Fare and third rates
offered over holiday, Spend week-end fishing at the Vedder or other streams.
OS^iectnc
For Information Phone Seymour 5000
(By Peter Pickup.)
I take off my hat to Mrs. Crossfield,
who at the half-empty but "packed"
(paradoxical as it sounds) "Navy
League meoting" at the Hotel Vancouver, had the courage to tell of how
Vancouver treats the sailor who has
dared, and done and suffered for the
Empire.
What is the meaning of this su<rflen
enthusiasm over tho welfare of those
who go down to the sea in ships and
do their business in the great waters?
Until it was mooted that a large sum
of money was boing got together "for
tlip navy" and that some of it was
likely to come Vancouver's way, there
wus no great enthusiasm over "Jack."
Some years ago, when Captain Clive
Phillips Woolley—foreseeing tho Germnn war—lectured on "The Navy"
at the Vancouver City Hall, he did so
to a beggarly array of empty benches,
and though he had government praise
for his really eloquent speech, tbe subject was not important enough for the
News-Advertiser to pay $3 for a column
and a half report of the meeting. They
used1 it, but it "was not worth paying for."
Vancouver has used tho sailor as a
pawn—a counter for certain "organizations" to play the game of collecting
money with, A boost was given to
"the British and Foreign Sailors Society" collecting here by a visiting
clerical gontleman, in a top hat, who
could havo played Dickens "StigginB"
without any "make-up"—who distributed shields and trays and other articles "made of the copper from Nelson's ship the Victory." I havo not a
complete census of all those "souvo-
nirs" distributed all over the world,
whero "collecting for the fund" has
been done, but I have calculated there
arc onough of them to build three Victories and—that ship is Btill afloat in
Portsmouth Harbor.
A few years back the Vancouver
Saturday Sunset gave a series of 22
articles showing how the sailor was
bought and sold, druggod, robbed and
mndo the victim not only of Vancouvor
"crimps" and '-'pimps," but of religious and philanthropic organizations
"working the poor sailor "—and as it
was proved of those who, while posing
as "the sailor's friends," protecting
him from crimps and land sharks, wero
really in thc pay of those "crimps."
Tho sailor was coaxed to give his
money to tho missionary to "invest"
—and if "Jack" did not got it back
again—"Weill well!—if it hadn't gone
that way the saloon keeper would have
had it" was tho consolation. I aay
what I KNOW whon 1 say the sailor
was 'shamelessly robbed and swindled
hero by "sky pilots" who posed as the
sailors' protector. When you seo the
feathers sticking to the fox's jaws it
docs not want a Sherlock Holmes to
know a hen roost has been robbed.
Barney Martin, "thc dope fiend,"
hanged himself. What a relief that
wns to quite a lot well known along
thc waterfront—quite a lot who would
flap the Union .Tack at any meoting
for "the poor sailor." Barney Martin
did many a talc unfold of how "our
gallant mon who serve the merchant
navy" were treated by Vancouver
"big bugs" who cashed sailors' "advance notes" "for a consideration,"
sent them to "slop shops" (those willing to pay a commission), or compelled thom to buy of a truck store part
and parcel of an organized system for
lookir '   ftor the sailor.
"Ti n the British boy for the British y, do not lot our ships be
ma* J by aliens," was the cry at the
gr Navy Longue meeting, and half
a ii jzoii poor little '' kids' * wero
brought from a remote corner of South
Vancouver, dressed in stage sailors'
suits, as representative of ihe great
British navy! By acclamation Sir
Charles Hibbert Tupper was elected
presidont of the new great patriotic
organization, yet nobody told the story
of "The Training Ship—Egeria."
A fow practical mon, with knowledge of the sea, men who had seen
blue water, got thiB grand old vessel
from tho government, brought it to
Burrard Inlet, and established a training ship, so that Vancouver boys, not
lnscnrs and "chinks," should man the
British shipB sailing from this British
port. What holp—moral or otherwise—
did the loyal, patriotic friends of the
sailor givo Captain Eddie and tho few
real honest enthusiasts who worked
night and day for a real "Navy
League" movement? Tho Egoria was
sold for "junk"—to bo broken up.
How many thousands of dollars would
this sound old ship fotch today? Her
ribs still lie on tho shores of North
Vancouver, a mute protest against the
miserable apathy of those wbo are«now
Hag-flapping—and collecting dollars—
for "Britain's glory, her Royal and I
Merchant Navy." And, by the way,
what has becomo of the few hundred
dollars for which the Egeria was sold
as "junk"? Is it not nbout time that
a balanco sheet of thc "Old Navy
League" wns published before we are
asked1 to subscribe to thc new Navy
Leaguo, in wliich some, who do not
know tho stem of a ship from thc
stern, but whoso ability over "finance"
ennnot be doubted, are so active.
Vancouver—"tho Liverpool of the
Pacific"—cannot mention "the sailor without a blush of shame. Only a
fow years ago, within a few hundred
yards from tlie post offico, sailors wero
kept drunk and 'drugged until thoy
could be "sold" like cattle to captains
who hnd to "buy" sailors before they
could get a crew big onough for clearance papers. In this shameful traffic
wliitcchokerod, psalm-smiting "friends
of tho sailor" took part. The sailor
was "rolled" and robbed in tho saloons, ns he ever has been from the
days of Pepys and Dibdin—but that is
not so shameful as his being made a
pawn in the game played by flag-flopping patriots. Some of them would bo
moro at homo in an inland city like
Jerusalem than in a Pacific port. When
you hoar men recite "canned oratory"
about "thc navy," when you seo them
waving the "Union Jack" nt public
meetings of pink tea peoplo, look up
Dr. Johnson's definition of "Patriotism" and givo your support to real
movements "for tho benefit of the
sailor"—if you can find them.
Seattle, Wash.—Tbirty-nine of the
boilermakers, iroij ship builders and
helpers ure in hospitals. Nearly all
these eases arc the result of accidents
in the shipyards. Ten membefs of tho
organization died during tho month of
May.
Flint, Mich.—The plumbers, who have
been on Btrike since tho first of the
month, have reached a settlement with
tho master plumbers, mid returned to
work. Thc new agreemei^ runs until
J.mc 1 next, nnd specifies a union shop
It is an increase of $1.10 per day, the
old rate being $4.50.
FEUDAL JUNKERS OF
A
Some Reasons Lying Behind
Their Desperate "Will
to Conquer"
Moves Upon the Political
Chessboard Due in the
Near Future
To those unacquainted with the past
history of the race, the situation in
Europe must appear a tangled mess.
The German ruling class is not fighting through pure cussodness. The
struggle to them is a lifo and death
struggle, und it is uot altogether a
fight between political parties as such,
but between economic groups. Tho
Junker class, so often referred to, is
the laud owning class. AU Europe eust
of Berlin iB still almost as Feudal a* in
the eighteenth century. East Prussia,
Pomerania, Poaen und the eastern provinces of Germany, ure tho home of tho
Junkers. The Junkers of Kussia, Prus-
sin and Finland aro akin economically,
and stand by each othor politically.
Feudalism was abolished in Finland in
1!!07. Tho White Guard of Finland is a
Junker army and this gang crushed the
Rod Guard in ordor to re-establish the
power of tho land owning class.
In Courland, Lithuania, Poland nnd
Ukraine, tho struggle is the same und
tlie Russian Junkers must crush tho Rod
Guard in these-provinccs or be destroyed themselves. The German Reichstag
howls about tho military caste breaking
thc Brest-Litovak treaty, but the Junkers ignore the Reichstag. The reason is
plain. The Prussian Junkers dare not
permit a revolutionary govornmont to
establish itself in territories bordering
ou the cast Prussian provinces. In self-
protection they must maintain a series
of buffer feudal states from the Bultic
tu tho Black Sea.
Frederick C. Howe, in the Now Republic, puts the economic factor very
clearly when he says: "The Junker was
driven to repudinto Germany's pledges
for yet another reason. Tho great estates of the Prussian JunkcrB had bfcen
stripped of agricultural workers. Thoy
wore being stripped before the war by
tho industrial suction to the great industrial citios of western Germany. And
the Junker had been going to the Slavic provinces of the EaBt for cheap
labor. He cultivated his eBtate by immigrants who camo into Germany during the agricultural seasons to the number of sevoral hundred thousand a year.
They roturned to their homes in the
fall. And theso great estates can only
be cultivated in this way. Especially
will thiB be so after tho war. Had tho
Kussian revolution swept over the western provincea and distributed the land
among the peasants, thore would have
boon no migratory labor for Prussia.
The peasants would have remained at
home and cultivated tlieir own lands.
The Junker would own his estates, but
he could not cultivate them. In fact,
ho was faced with bankruptcy should
the RuBsian revolution extend throughout western Russia. So thc German
Junker did a perfectly natural thing.
He created buffer statos, destroyed tho
revolutionary forces, and placed tho
Russian Junkers in control of tho government, and in possession of their estates as woll. By so doing he saved
the old feudal system, he created governments ethnically and economically
sympathetic with Germany, and provided a bulwark against revolutionary contact from the east. Quite as important
by this means ho provided hundreds of
thousands of landless men who will migrate to Germany as casual laborers as
thoy have in tho past."
In Germany itself a struggle is going
on botween the Junkers and tho people.
The war has placed the country completely in tho power of tho military
enste. The struggle over tho Russian
franchise indicated that a force was
being generated that had for its object
the overthrow of the land-owning no-
biliay. The reform'of the franchise ended in a farce; it left the matter as bofore.
Quarrels are now breaking out
amongst the militnry caste and tho defeat of the Austrian army will bo a political setback for tho Gorman war lords.
Tho defeat of the Prussian army, which
will shortly occur, means the letting
loose of a political flood that will make
tho Russian revolution look like a picnic.
The Lnbor party in Britain is this
week holding its conference. The power
of tho capitalist has beon so undermined
during this war that a political superstructure, controlled by the working
class, is inevitable in overy country in
Europe immediately tho war ceases. It
will be interesting to note the actions
of our British comrades. Thoy will demnnd thnt thoy shall have the power to
meet representatives of the workers or
the Central Powers to discuss pence
terms. The governmont is likely to refuse, and thiB refusal will undermine
tho power of tbe capitalist still more.
Tho working class movement in the
States is forty years behind Europo.
The delegates sent recently to meet the
representatives of Labor in the Allied
countries disgusted the workers of
France and Britain by their arrogance
and ignorance. The slavos of "Undo
Sam" will, howover, travel a long way
in a short tjmo, because they must. The
sands aro running down in the glass,
and the,mun who is prepared now steels
himself for the shock. It will soon bc
nn open struggle for politicnl power the
world over. The working clasB is now
the only essential clasB, and tho economic forces havo decreed that in this
generation, Junker and capitalist shall
be hurled from powor and thrown into
the lumber room of tho past.
Schenectady, N. Y.—Trolley service
was resumed in this city after a 12-day
suspension as a result of tho company
rcfufling to grant a nine-cent advance
in wagos. A settloment was secured
when tho company agreed to raise the
pay 6^ cents por hour pending a decision by the war labor board to which it
was referred.
Stockton, Cnl.—An effort was made
by the contractors to «stnbliHh open
shop conditions in the building trndes,
but nfter q sliurp contest, continuing
for severnl dnys, they gave up tho battle and now there is peace and harmony
in tho building industry. The building
trades union claim to have 100 per cent,
organizations.
"The End of a Chapter"
A few weeks ago you reproduced
from the Cambridge Magazine an article on Russia under thc present Bolsheviki regime, which read like the opening of a new chapter in world history.
Your contributor feels it apropos to review "The End of a Chapter," by
Shane Leslie, M. A., of Cambridge, a
volumo of reminiscences lightly strung
together by tho author "while invalided in hospital during the great war."
Preparatory to the writing of the
volume he spent some hours delving his
grandfather's memory, a grandfather
who could remember five reigns, was a
cousin of the Duko of Wellington, heard
Sir Walter Scott talk, was at Harrow
with Manning, saw Ruskin ragged at
Christ Church, and, in short, hobnobbed)
with all tho Victorian notabilities in
society, politics, art and literature, and
"a third and fourth generation he has
seen go out to porish in the war of
wars." In the short preface he states
that he realizes ho has "witnessod the
suicide of a civilization called christian,
and the travail of a new era to which
no gods have been as yet rash onough
to givo their name."
The author was descended from the
lighting Irish Bishop John Leslie, who
before battle "used to invoke divine
neutrality on the pica that 'though we
nro sinners, the enemy are not saints.' "
a plon of prayer that sounds of saner,
healthier fibre than that of Kniser or
President now. He was at school at
Eton at tho timo of tho Boer war,
"whon the empiro, gluttod with a seventh of the globe, was to experience
diiliculty and even the symptoms of disaster," and "in which our Iobs of face
was ill-concealed in farce," but at the
outbreak of the present war, ho was
"of ennuonajfle nge."
Eton and thc othor aristocratic
schools of England ho describes as
"casto-making," "tho bulwark of the
professors and tho services."
"But tho great war has put thoir system on trial. Tho new armies are largely offlcored by public school men." .
"It is a pity," he continues,
"that tho public schools do not produco
tho scientific spirit. It accounts for
Gorman succossos in commcrco and in
war." Science is irreverently called
'/stinks" among the gentlemanly pupils.
His irreverenco was not outgrown
when ho wrote this volumo. In a chapter devoted to "The Dynasty of Hanover," which he rominds us "was German, and tho Teutonic guttorals novor
left the throats of their descond-ents,"
though "for constitutional or imperial
purposes, the dynasty proved admirable." He notes that John Brown, the
Scotch gilly was rude to Queen Victoria
tho Good, when he happoned to be
drunk, and thftt he was thc pet avorsion
of the roynl family and ministers of
state, who could all join in singing on
his death, "John Brown's body lies
a mouldering in the grnvo." But tho
roynl pon, which wrote on Disraoli 's do-
mise that ho was "a dear and honored
memory," recordod of John Brown's
that he wus "God's own gift."
"The kaiser must be included in the
dynasty," ho observes, "for, as an
Irish genealogist has pointed out, if his
mother had beon a boy ho would be
king of England." And to thoso who
call tho kaiser anti-Christ, he points out
'' surely it wero an anticlimax for
Queen Victoria to have been grandmother to anti-Christ." He is patronizingly complimentary towards King Edward and the present King George.
"The universities may appreciate roynl
favor like the sunshine, but thore is no
sun worship. An English univorsity is
its own universe." The students debated religion furiously, and ho records,
"the strangest wager I evor heard of
arose from such a debate. An Agnostic
and a Christian, after an ovoning of
vain controversy, dared oach other to
persuade a woman to lonvc tho streets
on thc ethical or the Christian plea. It
was the Agnostic that won." The history of religion is generally a history
of decline, he remarks, and ho is unmercifully caustic on pulpit slang, and
England's particular brand of religion.
"An id-enl of temporal followed by
eternal comfort," ho calls it. "An open
Bible and a closed hell." Prebendary
Carlisle he heard modernise the Good
Shepperd as "tho Divino Fox-Huntor,"
and tho present ArchbiBhop of York describe "The Scarlot Woman" as "his
pink aunt." He records the political
text, suffer littlo nations to como unto
me, and that Asquith is "suspicious of
dreamers, especially the fervid company
of cranks and christs." Asquith's
"college teacher, Jowott, had uncorked
Nowman, and his political leader, Gladstone, betrayed Gordon. Yot these two,
Gordon and Newman, wero thc sweetest
English gentlom-cn that ever trod the
earth, for whose sake many havo tried
to love a somewhat unlovable race."
He terms Ireland an English institution,
and it is very evident that it is one of
thoso that ho loves best, but us a causo
it plainly bewilders him. "A Nationalist candidate myself, two of my relations wore returned us Unionists, a cousin entered tho Homo Rule cabinet, and
an uncle became an O'Brienito, or independent member in Cork, whoso beautiful niece as a climax married the Ulster
leader—Carson himself."
"Society iu decay" ho entitles the
chapter on pre-war days, when preach-
ers "called on their hoarcrs to stand by
the old firm of 'God and Son,' " and
his heart swelled at the cull of war.
"Aftor ull that had pnssed or was passing, it was as refreshing us going out
after a scrap with domestics to listen
to tho thunderous skies gathering for a
deluge."
It is nltogether-a readable volume, obtainable at the fre-e library, and, by indirection, of considerable educational
vulue. A. U.
MemberB of lubor organizations in
the United StatOB and Canada earn four
million dollars por day on an average.
Think what would be tho result if this
money were all expended for products
bearing the union label. Strikes would
bo eliminated. All just demands of the
workers would be complied with and
no lnbor organization would be without recognition, Soe that your money
all goes for union-labeled goods. Why
should not union workmen livo in
houses built by urtion labor and with
the label over the door?
Snn Diego, Cal.—Negotiations extending over several days finally resulted
in an agreement being ronclied whereby
the members of Electrical Workers
Union, No. 465. securing nn increase to
$0 per day. The increuse became effective on June 15. The boys claim a 100
per cent, organization.
St, Louis, Mo.—Brewery and Soft
Drink Workers Union, No. .303, hns put
into force a new schodulo of wages,
which calls for $27 for bottlers and $21
for washers. The former scale was %\\\
and $16. Time and one-half will be
paid for overtime, and double time for
Sundays and holidays.
Dinner Set of 52 Pieces for
$10.85
A set complete for six persons. English manufacture of a good durable quality semi-porcelain and
suitable for hard usage. Decorated with a gold
edge with a dark blue border of hawthorn—52
pieces for   ,„.„ $10.85
TEACUPS AND SAUCERS-6 for 89c
Nice thin china cups and saucers with gilt edge and
handle; low shaps 6 for 89c
HEAVY GLASS TUMBLERS
Just the thing for your camp; almost unbreakable 6 for 75c
Canada Food Board Licenses: No. 5,1482—No. 8,14590
Mudson'sBauCompanu,
__   wwaitB   ior*      miH«T I svmiai. tttatt cann-iimn. _
GranvUle and Georgia Streets
A dental maxim-
"Oet at the root of the troubje before the trouble
gets at the toot of the teeth."
Fix that maxim in your mind and aot on it, for—onee let
a defect in the tooth get through the tooth structure to
the root—there's trouble ahead for you. A little attention before will save a lot after.
Call on me and let mc examine your teeth—I'll tell you
just what is tho matter—how far the trouble has developed—and advise you.
Dr. Brett Anderson
drown and Bridge Specialist
2 Hastings Street West, Cor. Seymonr
Office Open Dally Until 6 p.m.
Z-B>7 aimi Uku if n.c.i*
tart; 10-ysir (hiuKmi
Una.
PHora sbt. aasi
Sra-U-utto-u   nads   u
phons appolnta-ntt.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
MILLINERY
—■-—^-■—■■—-»■—*■»—..***™-.
Oreat big reductions in all lines of Millinery,
June and July
«!patrfckCot
j| oMillinery
See for Yourself
632 Granville Street
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law WiU AUow
We Deserve Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St. West, or 622 Pender West
ON DOMINION DAY
Visit the Beauty Spots on the Scenic Route of the North Vancouver line
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
The following picturesque places are Ideal for a day's outing:
Cypress Park, round trip  36c
Caulfields "      "     35c
Eagle Harbor    "       "     40c
Whytocliff or
Horseshoe Bay   "'     "     50o
Passenger Train Schedule for Sundays and Dominion Day:
Leaving   North   Vancouver  for Returning from
Whytecliff (Horsoalioo Buy)
8:40 a. m.
- 9:30
10:30
11:30
12:30 p. m.
S.-
1:30
2:30
4:30
5:30
6:30
7:30
Whytooliff.
0:26 a. m.
10:26
11:26
12:26 p. m.
1:25
2:26
3:26
5:26
6:26
7:26
1:26
. 8:30   B.—Denotes slonm train.   9:26
For furthor particulars, phono Sey. 9547
PACIFIC OREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
404 Welton Building VANCOUVER, B. 0
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Taste is the Test
Of the Drinks that are Best
—BUT THE PRODUCTS OF THE—
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Because they are equal or hotter than any other similar products, tot
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TBADBS  ABD  LABOB   OOUNOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OFFICIAL  PAPEB   BBITISH COLUMBIA  PEDEBATIOB  Of   LABOB
TENTH YEAR.   No. 26
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 28,1918
(Is Vsncowtr*!
Oity. 12.00 I
$1.50 PER YEAR
*/   _
EVERYBODY, sooner or later, finds it necessary to
consult a dentist on account of tooth troubles. If
teeth are neglected the original trouble leads to serious
consequences frequently.   This fact needs no argument.
Do Not Put Off a Visit to Dr. Lowe
Have Your Missing Teeth Replaced at Once
DE. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in many instances will do the work as well and
look better than your original teeth.
Dr. Lowe's prices, value considered,
are reasonable,
DR. LOWE, Dentist
108 Hastings St. W., Oor. Abbott.     Phone Sey, 5444
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
WE ARE SOLE AGENTS IN VANCOUVER
for
Penslar Goods
and have just received a carload of same, the
largest shipment ever made in Canada.
Formula on every package.
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
LIMITED
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STOBE:
405 Bastings Street West   Phones Sey. 1066 asd 1966
BRANOH 8TOBES:
7 Hastings Street West Seymour 3638
782 OranviUe Street Seymonr 7013
2714 Oranvllle Sweet Bey. 2314 and 1744-0
412 Main Street Seymour 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 236 and 1733-0
Mall Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Same prices and
service as over onr counter.   Address 407 Hastings Street West.
IN
Effective Propaganda That
Could Be Carired to
The Germans
COMFORTABLE SHOES-
We've shoes for the man who wants
foot comfort.
They're made from soft pliable leathers
in black or tan.
Lasts that conform to the foot exactly.
Evory good feature of  skilful shoe-
making.
Thla i, a Union Stow whero you
ctrn buy union-made footwear properly fitted by Union Clerks.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 OBANVILLE STBEET
Union Store
SAM M. SCOTT
THE BOYS' CLOTHING SPECIALIST
693 Granville Street Seymour 5715
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulhi, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
2—STORES—2
48 HaBtingB Street Bast, Sey. 988-672 — 728 Qranyille Street, Sey. 9513
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
WE HAVE placed in stock this week 200 suits
for young men, 2-piece, yoke lined, at $20.00,
$22.50 and $25.00. These are something out
of the ordinary and range from size 34 to 40.
We have the largest and best assorted line of
"SPORT" Shirts in the city, $1.25, $1.50 and $2 each.
We have complete stock of standard makes of
Summer Underwear, and are selling it at last year's
prices.
We can save you from $2.00 to $4.00 on Boys'
Suits, and our stock is large and complete.
Showing Them What They
Are Losing by Clinging
to Autocracy
There arc no people on curtli who can
huve u greater interest iu carrying the
jresent war to a triumphant conclusion
i the utter defeat of the brutal autocratic military macnine of   tho   mid-
European Junkers, than the Bimon pure
democrats of this favored western continent.    No Btone should thereforo be
left unturned to bring that victory at
the oarliest possible moment and to see
that it is sweeping and complete. There
is little doubt that tho common people
of the Teuton empires have been grossly deceived and misled by their conscienceless and brutal ruling class, and
it is doubly tho duty of all true democrats to carry the glad tidings of great
joy   to   those   deceived   and   harried
people, by showing thom the possibili-
t'es of happiness in freedom, democra-'
cy and the sovereignty of real citizenship, that thc gates of a wicked and
brutal autocracy havo  closed   against
thom up to tho presont.   In the firm
hopo that good will como out of it and
that the hand of brutal autocracy will
bo  speedily palsied  and    proud    democrncy come unfettered into its own,
the   Federationist   modestly   suggests
that tho following   democratic   enactment of the United States be forthwith
incorporated  into law,  by "ordor-in-
CC'Uneil," at Ottawa, and that immediate steps bo taken to run off not less
tlmn fifty million copies thereof to be
distributed by aeroplane   behind    tho
German lines for the purpose of enlightening the deceived and backward
people of that unhappy land as to just
what they are missing by clinging to
the autocracy of Junkerdom, instead of
embracing the life-giving democracy of
this    most   glorious   'western   world.
And    thero    is    every    reason    to
believo     that     as     Boon     as     thn
much needed message is brought unto
tbem, or at least as soon as they have
had time to digest its meaning and
draw the deadly parallel betwixt the
hell of tyranny they now have and the
Elysium of political joy, that would bo
tbeirfl onco they embraced   the   true
western faith, the Kaiser and his junkers would bo spoedily drawn and .quartered and the fragment,: so mixed1 up
lulfl transposed that not even Gabriel's
trumpet could reassemble them again.
Once they are brought to a full realization of what thoy are missing by being deprived of tho blessings that are
in full nieasure poured forth from tho
ct-rnucopea- of democracy upon her fav-
o-ed  children, tho common peoplo of
"dor Vaterland" will bc so mad that
nothing short of full rations of lim-
bjrger cheese, sauerkraut   and   lager
beer will long stay the hand of revolu-
tlor in that land.   Having beea hold
for so long in lensh by the edicts of
tyranny enforced by the club, thoy will
no doubt embraco the liberty and democracy, that this western world happily enjoys, with a fervor and compelling zeal once tbey know what it is.
Let this propaganda campaign be instituted ut once, or sooner if possible.   It
will soon be nil off with   the   hated
Kuiscr, onco the glad tidings of great
joy is woll spread behind tho German
lines.  How could it be otherwise)   Lot
the  following precious  enactment  go
forth ns a message of hope and cheer
to the helpless victims of autocracy in
the lund of tho kaiser and as a .herald
of tho blessed freedom that shall be
theirs when capitalist democracy shall
have delivered them from their present
evil predicament.
Text nf tlio amendments to th? Espionage
.Aft reported tu the Senate nnd House of
l*'*rp resent at i vet* hy the conference commutes,
April 2.1, 1918, and which is now tlio law
of tho Innd.
An Act to amend section throe, title one,
of the Act entitled, "An Act to punish acts
of interference with the foreign relations, the
i **n trail ty, nnd tho foreign commerce of tho
lilted States, to punish espionage, and bet-
 enforco tho criminal laws of the United
,   snd for other purposes,"   approved,
Ju io 15, 1017, nnd for othor purposes.   ,
lie it enacted l»y th? Senate nnd Houso
of Representatives of the United States of
America In Congress assembled, Thnt section
three of title (in? of the Act entitled "An
Art to punish acts of interference with the
Ifieign relations, the neutrality, nnd the foreign commerce of the United Stnt?s, to punish espionage, and hotter to enforce tho criminal laws of the United Stntes, Hnd for other
purposes," approved Juni 15th. nineteen
Jwidred nnd seventeen, lte, nnd the same is
hereby amended so ns to rend ns follows:
"Sec. il. Whoever, wh?n the United
Suites Is nt war, shall willfully malic or
twuey fnlse reports or fnlse statements with
Intent to Interfere wlt-b the operation or sue-
of  tb? military or naval forces  of the
MISS A. LAWLEK
Vice-president of the newly organised Tolephono Operators, Local No, 72A,  of the
International    Brotherhood   of   Eloctrical
Workers,
T. B. HILL
117 Hastings St. East
United States, to promote tho success of
its enemies or shall willfully make or con-
\ ■>' false reports or say or do anything except hy way of bona fldo and not disloyal advice to nn investor or Investors, with Intent
to obstruct the salo by the United States
of bnndH or other securities of the United
f-'tntos or the making of loans hy or tn the
I'.iited States, and whot-ver, when tho United
Suites Is nt wnr, shall willfully cause or at-
tempt to cause, or incite or attempt to Incite, insubordination, disloynlty. mutiny, or
retiiKtil of duty in the military or naval
fcrees of tbe United Stntes, or shnll will-
filly obstruct, or nttempt to obstruct, the
r< milting or enlistment service of the
United States, nnd whoever, when Ihe United
Slates Is at war shall willfully utter, print,
Write, or publish any disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language about tho form
nf government of the United States, or tho
r.iiiHtllutlon of the United Stales, or the mill-
i,rv or navnl forces of the United Stntes, or
the flag of the United States, or the unlfnrm
of the army or navy of the Unit'd* Stntes, or
nny language Intended to bring Ihe form of
internment of the United Slates, or tho
ro'irtltiltlon of the United States, or the
military or navnl forces of tbe Unit id Stntes,
or Ihe flag of the United Stntes Into con-
tenpt. scorn, contumely, nr disrepute, or
(t)llill willfully print, wrile, or publish nny
lnncunire Intended lo incite, provoke, or en-
C0U1 ngfl rwistance to tbe United Stntes. or
to promote thfl cause of its enemies, or shnll
wl'tfully display the flnn of nny foreign
.'Hiny, or shall willfully by utterance, writing, printing, publication, or language spoken,
urge, Incite, or advocate nny curtailment nf
production In this country of nny thing or
things, product or products, necessary or
CNsfantial to the prosecution of the war in
wliich tho United Stales mny be engaged,
with intent hy sueh curtailment to orippl? nr
hinder the United Stntes In the prosecution
of tho war. and whoever shall willfully advocate, teach, defond, or suggest the doing of
any of the acts or things in this section
enumerated, and whoever shall by word or
act support or favor the cause of the German empire or Us allien In the preient war
or i y word or act oppose tho causo of tho
•.'i.ited States therein, shall bo punished by a
fine uf not moro thnn jjtlu.wu or by iiupris-
orntent for not more than twenty yoars, or
Loth: Provided, That any employeu or offii-
ial of the United States govornment who
uiuiniu any disloyal act or utters any unpatriotic or disloyal language, or who, in an
iiiiisive and violent manner criticizes the
inny or the navy or ths flag of the United
St-ites shall be ut onco dismissed from the
service. Any such employee shall be dis-
missed by the bead of the department in
whieh the employee may he engaged, and any
sue], official shall be dismissed by tho authority having, power to appoint a successor
to thd dismissed official."
Sec. 2. That section one of tho tllle XII,
ul all other provisions of the act ont'tled
An Act to punish acts of interference with
tlie foreign relations, the neutrality, and the
foreign commerce of tho United States, to
punish espionage, and better enforco tlio
criminal laws, of tba United States, and for
clhor purposes," approved June 16th, 1B17,
which npply to soction $ of Title 1 theroof
...mil apply with equal forco and effect to
Miid suction il as amended.
That Title XII of the snid act of June
15th, .1917, be, nud the sumo is hereby,
iMiended by adding thereto the following
section:
"Sec. A. When tho United StateB is nt
wir, the postmaster genernl muy, upon ovi-
d'jucu satisfactory to him that any person
or concern is using tlio mail in violation
c' nny of thu provisions of this act, instruct
the postmaster nt any post office at which
mail is received addressed to bucIi person or
concern to return to the postmaster at the
office at which thoy wore originally mailed
nil letters or othor matters so addressed,
with tbo words 'mail to this address undo-
livirablo under espionage act' plainly writ-
t'di or stumped upon thu outside theroof, and
nil such letters or other matter so returned
to such postmasters shall hi by thom returned to the senders thereof undor such regulations as tho postmaster goneral may prescribe."
When the Ssnato had the amendments to
t-i-i Espionage Aeo under consideration, it
adopted the following amondinent submitted
by Senator Franco of Maryland:
'Provided, however, That nothing in this
Act shall be constructed as limiting the lib-
city or impairing the right of the individual
to publish or speak what is true, with good
motives and for -justifiable ends."
Attorney-General Grsgory objected to the
franco amendment oh the ground that it
would hinder the government in curbing certain forms of anti-war propaganda. The
conforonco committae thereupon struck the
Frnnce amendment from tho bill.
Tlio objections of Attorney-General Gregory woro presented to the conference committee in the form of a letter from John Lord
O'Brien, special assistant to the Attorney-
Genoral for War-Work, addressed to Representative Edwin Y, Webb, chairman of the
judiciary committee of the House of Representatives.
The letter  is  valuable  in. that It throws
considerable light on tho Attorney-General's
conception of propaganda that might bo pre-
vim d mid  the methods  necessary to such
prevention    Tho letter follows:
Department of Justice, Washington, D. C,
April 16, 1918.
Hon. Edwin Y. Webb,
Chairman Judiciary Committee,
Uouse of Representatives,
Washington, D. C.
Sir: Ry direction of the Attorney-General
I respectfully cnll your attention to tho proviso inserted in section a, tills I, of the
Espionage Act, which roods as follows:
Provided, howover, That nothing in this
aet shall be construed as limiting the liberty
or impairing the right of the individual to
publish or speak wbat is true, with good]
motives, mid for justiliablo ends."
It is the view nf this department that this
proviso would very seriously interfere with
tlie successful prosecution of cases arising
under section 3, nnd it is the hope of the
department thnt this proviso will be elimin-
r.led from the pending bill. In connection
with this view your attention is respectfully
cnlli'd to thc following facts:
'I he experience of tbo department justifies
lln conclusion thnt there is fnr more dnng?r
to ihe country in pro-Gorman propaganda
tban there is in mere outspoken disloyal utterances. This propaganda rarely takes the
shape of op?n abuse of the United States
or open advocacy of ihe cause of Germany
ut.d It Is seldom, if evor, possible to prove
Hint the prupngiinda has u Germnn source,
i. e„ to prove that tbe financing of it com -s
ft uni a Gorman source. On the contrary this
dangerous propaganda, of which there is a
grent deal in the country, on ils face generally shows n motive entirely legitimate.
The Espionage Act has proved a fairly
effective wenpon agninst propaganda, and if
amended as requested by the department by
making attempts to obstruct enlistment punishable, there is every reason to bolfsvo that
il will bo thoroughly effective.
Its effectiveness for tho purpose of killing propaganda, how.'ver, has come from
the principle that motives prompting are irrelevant and that intent is to be inferred by
Juilon from the natural and necessary effects
of it.
';'h? proviso referred lo would mnko the
ijuoslion of motive not only relevant hut es-
senlial, and would introduce nn cloment of
pi oof which would greatly increase tho difficulty of successful prosecution nnd greatly
decrease the value of the Espionage Act ni
a deterrent of propaganda.
For example, the most dangerous typ? of
propaganda used in this country Is roligious
pacifism, i. e„ opposition to tho war on the
ground that it is opposed to tho word of
Oi-d. This is the typo of propaganda which
vm extensively used in weakening the Ital-
Un armies. The statements used In it genially consist of quotations from the Bible
und   various   Interpretations   thereof.    Con
SCOTTISH TRADE UNION
OONGRESS CONVENTION
EesolutlonB Passed Against Militarism
and for Six-hour Day and
Five-day Week
Tho Scottish Trade Union Cangress
held ita annual convention during the
last week in May at Ayr, Scotland. The
number ot delegates was 206 and they
represented a large variety of opinions upon most questions. A prominent note was, however, struck by the
chairman of the convention, Hugh
Lyon, upon the wnr discussion. Ho declared that tho Allies must continue
this war until they had taught Germany thut militarism did not pay—not
alone because they wanted to defeat
German militarism, but because they
wanted to prevent the world from becoming militarist. Many of tho resolutions dealt with war aims and provoked speeches from delegates who believe
in pencn-by-negotiation and protests
from disbelievers in Germany's good
faith. '
Resolution were adopted urging tho
views of labor on the departments dealing with demobilization problems; and
on the subject of working hours tt resolution submitted by the Glasgow Trades
Council in favor of a reduction of tho
hours of labor to six per day on five
days in a week was carried by 77 votes
to 51 as against a motion by the Scottish Horse and Motormen's union in
fnvor of a uniform working week of
flvo days with a maximum of eight
hours per day and no reduction of thc
present weekly earnings.
London, Eng.—Mary Macarthur has
just been adopted by tho Lnbor party
at Stourbridge as their candidate for
tho next election. Sho is tho first womnn candidato to bo adopted by a political party in this country. Margaret
Bondficld and Mrs. I'hilip Snowden,
both of whom nro extremely able politicians, nre (like Mary Macarthur) also
on the list of parliamentary candidates
prepared 'by the Independent Labor
Party.
What action have you taken in trying
to get your local union to subscribe for
Tho Fedorationist in a body?
Patronize B, C. Federationist advertisers, and tell them why you do ao.
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Tir om Pea Coal for yout underfeed furnace)
MACDONALD-flARPOLE CO
Phone
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zio
Phone
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1001 MAIN STREET
Jericho Tea Gardens
Finest Bathing Beach around Vancouver—four
minutes' walk from end of 4th Ave. West car lines.
Good road right to beach.
Bath Houses and Boating
Special Accommodation for Picnic Parties
BILL AMOS, Proprietor
Member of Local 2647
A. 8. V. _. Carpenten
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Libor Tomplo
VAVOOUVBB. B. O.
—H-Mdqaftrt-m for Lsbor Men—
Ratea—75e and $1.00 per dsy.
13.50 per weak ud np,
Oafi at Ruhmuu Batw
WIRING CONTRACTORS
Expert Repairs
Motors, Lights, Bells, Telephones
The Jarvii Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Bichards Street
vlction against this typo of propaganda aro
only pnnBiblo whero tlio motive is Irrelevant
nnd whero -juries cun ho mado to infer tho
intent from the minimi effect of the propaganda.
Another class nf propaganda extensively
.'ii Ih tlmt of blowing down production or
opposing tho war on the ground that this war
i- one botwoen the capitalists and proletariat. This is tho typo of propaganda which
piodnaod the most serious results in Russia.
II contains, however, assertions of fact; on
lis face tho motive is not treasonable, or
wht ro a treasonable motive exists it would
lie   l-flicnll to prove it.
A third type of propaganda now apparent
ii< the Mouth is that affecting (ho status of
tin* regro in connection with the war. Here
tyjnin few facts are stnted; tho facts wliich
Bfn slated are generally true, nnd it is difficult to disprove good motives.
There aro many other typos of dangerous
nnd effective propaganda which on their face
H|pear to li? based on good motives, where
proof of actual disloyal motive is very diffi-
cult, to make.
While tho proviso referred tn might have
some justification If Boollon 3 applied only
te dllloyftl utterances, in the opinion nf Ihe
d<*i>iirtm*nt it will prove a hindrance for
pvwenitinns in the field of propaganda.
Tn view of this fact, will yon not ask your
cinmlttoe to consider Hie    advisability    of
III i<t in ii tint; Ihe proviso from the pending
bill!
JOHN LORD O'nRIBN.
The    Special    Assistant    to   tho    Attorney-
Central    for    War    Work.       (For    the
-Attorney-General.)
Romcnibor thst it is alwayfi best to
get real mad,kick up n shindy, bawl nut
thc management, bombard us with abuse
nnd curse tho paper it it should happen
that you fail to receive the curront edition of The Federationist. Bend it
ngain.
PUBLIC NOTICE
Military Service Act, 1917.
Men 19 and 20 Years of Age.
Harvest Leave.
Leave of Absence on Ground of Extreme Hardship.
Procedure to obtain Leave cf Absence.
Men Nineteen and Twenty Years of Age.
It has come to thc attention of thc Government that there is a widespread
impression that young men of nineteen years, and those who became twenty
since October 13,1917, as well as those who may becomo nineteen from time to
time and who have been or will be called upon to register under the Military
Service Act, are to bo immediately called to the colours.
This impression is quite incorrect. No date has yet been fixed for calling
upon such men to so_ report for duty, nor has the question been brought before
the Cabinet for decision. In view of the need of labour on the farm, it is most
unlikely that consideration will be given to the matter until after the harvest is
over, although of course the Government's action must be determined primarily
by the military situation.
There is no further obligation incumbent upon young men of the ages
above mentioned who have registered or who do so hereafter, until tbey receive
notice from the Registrars.
Harvest Leave.
Some enquiries have been received as to the possibility of granting harvest
leave to such troops as may be in the country at that time. No definite assurance can be given on this point as advantage must be taken of ships as they
become available. On the other hand, harvest leave will be given if at all
possible. ,,..,,.
Leave of Absence on Grounds of Extreme Hardship. '
It is desired that the Regulations respecting leave of absence in cases of hardship should be widely known and fully understood. Such leave will be granted
in two cases:— (a) where extreme hardship arises by reason of the fact that the"
man concerned is either the only son capable of earning a livelihood, of a father
killed or disabled on service or presently fa service overseas, or in training for
such service, or under treatment after returning from overseas; or the only
remaining of two or more brothers capable of earning a livelihood (the other
brother or brothers having been killed or disabled on service, or being presently
in service overseas, or in training for overseas or under treatment after his or
their return from overseas); brothers married beforo 4th August, 1914, living in
separate establishments and having a child or children not to be counted,
in determining the fact that tlie man is the "only" remaining son or brother;
(b) where extreme hardship arises by reason of exceptional circumstances such as
the fact that the man concerned is the sole support of a widowed mother, an
invalid father or other helpless dependents.
It is to be noted that in all thef-e cases the governing factor is not hardship,
loss or suffering to the individual concerned, but to others, that is, members of
his family or those depending upon him.
Procedure to obtain leave of absence.
A simple system for dealing with theso eases has been adopted. Forms of
application have been supplied to every Depot Battalion and an officer of each
battalion has been detailed whose duty it is to give them immediate attention.
The man concerned should on reporting to his unit state that he desires to apply
for leave of absence on one or more of the grounds mentioned and his application
form will then be filled out and forwarded to Militia Headquarters, Ottawa. In
the meantime, if the case appears meritorious, the man will be given provisional
leave of absence for thirty days so that he may return home and continue his
civil occupation while his ease is being finally disposed of.
Issued by Department op Militia and Defence,
Department of Justice. PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
..June 28, 1914
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Pnbliahed every Friday morning by tha B. 0.
.Federationist. Limited
A. S. Wells Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Sey   7497K
Subscription: 41.50 per year;   ln Vancouver
City, $2.00;  to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
FKIDAY June 28, WIS
OP COURSE, thero are tearful waila
of distress and alarm coiiuiig
from the throats of the bourgeois
of all lauds over the doings of the Itus-
siau workmen and peasants, who at present constitute the
BOBBOWING dominant element iu
UNNECESSARY that disturbed land.
TROUBLE. It  is   all   right   for
masters to rule mid
rob Blaves, no matter to what extent
they may go in the practice of cruelties
and tho heaping of indignities upon
their victims, but when alaves revole
and kick loose from the chains wherewith they havo boen bound to the chariot wheels of their rulors and masters,
it is quite another story. If in the day
of revolution it so happens tbat the
fortunes of war go against the slaves,
and thousands of them are butchered to
satisfy the vengeance of the QlafcH
against whom they have rebelled, thut
is only a part of the process of restor
ing "law and order," and punishing
criminals for their sins. But if it so
htppena that the rovolters, perchance
accidentally, take the lifo of even one
inember of the ruling claas, they clearly
become criminals of suoh a honious type
as to only bo properly classed as blood
thirsty ruffians and assassins. The
French Revolution was a "reign of
terror," because a few of the worst
type of ruling class scalawags and ruffians that the world over saw, lost their
live-a at the hands of a mob that had
becomo infuriated as a result of their
brutality and vicious oppression. But
the worst of it all was that the bloodthirsty nobility and the vicious clergy,
the absolutists and autocrats of that
time, not only lost some of their heads,
but much of their power and property
at the hands of the despised "third estate." In that is to be found the real
reason for the "terror" that caused tho
ruling class soul to shrivel with fright
and rnucously squawk its agony andl
misery at the awful thought of the indignities heaped upon it.
*        *        ♦        ■
The murder in cold blood of more
than fifty thousand men, women and
children of thc Parisian proletariat, the
defeated soldiers of the Commune of
1871, was carried out with smug complacency by tho frightened bourgeois of
that city, and did not meet with a chirp
of disapproval from the rulers and masters of any country on earth, not even
excepting the precious ones who ruled
over the destinies of democratic Britain
and   super-democratic   United   States,
This  greatest   slaughter  of  rebellious
slaves since thc days of Rome in her decadence, not only met with the tacit approval of the ruling class of every laud,
but was loudly accaimed throughout the
earth as a dispensation of justice dealt
out to bloodthirsty wretches who had
wantonly attacked the very foundations
of religion, civilization and the state, a
veritable trio of holies.   And all that
the Commun-ards of Paris even attempted to do was to so extend the principle
of democracy as to enable them to lift
themselves from the slough of misery
and despond into which thoy had been
plunged for centuries by their conscienceless and brutal rulers, tyrants and
masters.    It   was   the  first  conscious
itiovc of tho modern proletariat to attain the political stature of manhood
and thus take directive part in thc social, and economic life of ita time. And
thnt effort to loosen the chains of s'.iv-
ory 'upon its limbs and prepare the way
for the eventual emancipation of the
enslaved working class, coat the lives
of full 50,000 meu, women and children
butchered in cold blood by tho uniformed hirelings of the ruling class.
if        *        *
In the Russian affair, however, things
promise to be somewhat different. This
will be due to no overplus of scruple
upon tin- part of tlie dethroned Junker
clasr* of Russia or its equally callous
and   bloodthirsty   relatives   in   other
countries.   It will be due to the fact
that the job of butchering countless millions of Russian workmen and peasants,
scattered over vast territories and iu
command  of  unlimited   food  supplies,
and uot altogether without other menus
of defense, will not be so easy a matter
ns was thnt of butchering 50,000 Parisians, cooped up and surrounded in that
city by a vast horde of Gorman and
French savages so low in the scale of
beings us to be usable for so despicable
a purpose, ut thc mere word of command from their masters.   It is easy lo
butchor the inhabitants of a city.  It is
not so easy to thus dispose of the population   of   widespread   country   areas.
Cities can be starved into submission.
Country districts  of vast  extent cun
long hold out, for it is there from whicli
all food comes.   Those who nre spreading talcs of starvation as existing in
the country districts of Russia, mny is
well save their breath.   The cities may
he short of food.   That will hnppen to
;any city whose daily supply of necessn-
Tioa happens to be seriously intorrnupt-
ed.  But when this happens, the country
districts are all tho better off, for the
food remains there.   Cities do not food
the country, but, on tho contrary, are
fed by the country.   Tho city does nothing for the country; tho country docs
everything for tho city. If the Russians
who am in the country remain there,
and those who hnvo been congregated
in the city, by tho processes of ruling
class civilization, return to the country
lis speedily as possible, and there take
up   tho   production   of   tho   essentiil
things of life for use upon  their own
account, nil thn power of thp remnant
of Russian Junkcrdom, aided and abetted by that of Germany and all tho
rest of thc world, will bo unable to con-
quel thorn and rcfasten upon their limbs
the chains of slavery from whicli they
havo but recently escaped.    And thnt
line of action must aome dny be followed by the enslaved workors of all lands.
The city, thnt peculiarly ruling clasfl institution, muat eventunlly go.   It conserves no other than a ruling clnss purpose.   It is unthinkable except as pnrt
and parcel of slavery.  It has been built
by slaves and is very largely inhabited
by that, portion of the slave clnss that
functions oither as menials, or ns work-
era in the production of forms of so-
culled woalth that aro oasontinl only to
rul'ng class purposo, pomp und powor.
They produce no food, and little else
thai may bo classed as essential, and
what littlo they do produce could be far
easier and moro cheaply produced in the
country. And the moral of this simple
tale is, that none need borrow trouble
over any daugor of starvation that they
fancy besets the Russian workers nnd
peasants, outside the cities. In the
country they can neither be starved
nor yet expeditiously shot down by machino guns in tho hands of murderous
ruffians in tho pay of those who would
again enslave them. Let the ruffians
and rogues borrow the trouble, for they
nre the ones to whom it will all come
in due time.
IN 1*910 the Congress of the U, S. passed an Act forbidding the interstate
shipment of products of child labor.
There is an institution known as the
Supreme Court. It is composed of nine
bewiggod und be-
gowned old fossils
A GUESSING duly appointed for
CONTEST AND the purpose of pull-
A GOOD JOEE ing off guessing contests, in ordor to determine whether
such laws as may be from time to time
enacted ure or are not strictly in conformity with the duly recorded wishes
and opinions of a bunch of ancients who
once inhabited the earth and who huve
been dead and damned so long that
their names have been nil but-expunged
from the records. The result of the
courts' guessing contest in regard to
the child labor law already referred to
wns that it wus thrown out as being re
pugnant to tho clearly expressed wishes
of the (lend and defunct ancients aforesaid. Not that the dead ones who have
been long dead, knew any more ubout
the matter thun the dead ones now living, but live of tho lutter guessed that
the law spoken of was unconstituitonal
and four guessed that it was not, so
out it went.
#        ♦        *
Speaking of law, and we do it with
the utmost reverence and respect, it is
u great joke, a very great one indeed.
One might be pardoned for presuming
that u law onee enacted even by dead
men now living, could not be readily
upset bv dead men who hnve been
thoroughly dead for perhaps a hundred
or a thousand years. But such a presumption is not justifiable, as any one
who knows about tho idiosyncrasies of
the law, the law jugglers and law
guessers, will cheerfully attest. Now
the law should be a ponderable thing.
It should curry weight. -In mnny ways
it is heavy enough to suit even the
most erratic fancy. It oft beurs with
tremendous pressure "upon the unlucky
wight who hus been woak enough to
flout it. But th-e law is so brim full
of contradictions and paradoxes, and
its jugglers, contortionists and conundrum solvers ure so grotesquely comical
in their respective roles, that the erstwhile ponderable becomes the imponderable; that which was serious is transformed into the acutely Ihimorous and
the alleged wisdom of law makors,
their lugubrious utterances and solemnity and ponderosity of mien, shades off
into the flimsiest of camouflage for
whut may be termed as the greatest
joke of the ageB. But though the law
is a joko it is a painful one withul.
Many a rib has been cracked through
acute mirth provoked by its humorous
absurdities, and many a hend has been
ulso cracked most painfully owing to
its possessor having too little reapect
an reverence for the law and its apos
ties and custodians.
When the child labor law was placed
hors do combat by the guesaing contest.
up rose a valiant Senator at Washington and again defied the child labor
exploiters, very much as Mr Ajax defied the lightning once on a time. This
valiant knight proposed that Congress
provide a law whereby these exploiters
of infantile bone and brawn should be
denied the use of the U. S. mails, a la
the Overman Espionage Act (see another column). Now hero lies another
joke. Just think of it. This Soimtor
proposod to apply the self same democratic methods in dealing with recnlci-
trniit child lnbor skinners, us the Espionage Act makes applicable to the wicked sinners who dare to speak, write,
or think seditiously, disloyally, unpatri-
otically, objectionably, disapprovingly,
critically, cantakerously, teutonically or
even truthfully nbout the country, the
war, the government, the flag or the
soldier's breeches. But while it is to
laugh, it ulso suggests to us the horrible
possibilities thnt might result if the
sIuvcb should take the tip afforded by
the Senator nud follow the precedent he
wishes to establish. What direful
things might happen to the gentle rulers
of that happy land if these slaves were
to elect their own men to Congress nnd
proceed to deny the mails to all nnd
sundry who might oppose the labor programme und administration. What n
horror would striko to the craven hearts
of the House of Fat, if administrative
sanction were given to apply copious
and well-fitting coats of tar and feathers
to tho corporate anatomy of an occasional fat rascal who would not joyfully submit to u modest wage demand
on behalf of his loyal and patriotic employees. Think of the "Espionage
Acts" that might be placed upon the
statute books uud their muzzle [minted
directly at the lubor skinners and their
guardian ruffians who now skulk gloriously uud patriotically at the rear of
all sueh guns, and for still farther safety wrapped in the sucred folds of the
Hug. But we wisely refrain from venturing any farther afield in this extremely dangerous direction. One never
knows during those parlous times when
lesc mujestc may bc met in the high wuy,
armed capnpio for tho apprehending of
seditious ainners, terrorizing pacifists,
bloodthirsty Bible Students and all
othor kind of vicious pro-Gcrmuns.
IT IS genorrally understood that it is
impossible for u man to lift himself
over a fence by his bootstraps. The
freak who comes along with weird ideas
of somo mechanical contrivance that
of ita own volition.
GETTING RICH will r.m perpetually
BY PILING thus    upsetting   all
UP FIGURES old nud long estab-
lisho facts in regnrd
to the law of gravitation and the generation of power, is usually laughed at
for his simplicity and his pains. A'
great numbor of people are quite firmly convinced thnt something ennnol be
gotten for nothing except somebody
Buffers a corresponding loss. But all
of these fixed convictions and facts are
completely upset once we outer the
realm of trade, commerce, Untitles and
wealth accumulation. Herein wc flijil
that something cnn bo gotten for nothing ami without anybody suffering uny
loss whatsoever; u nation cun lift ilself
over a flnnncial fence by Its financial
bootstraps (credit) uud the oftoner it
does so the wealthier il. becomes, and
thftt too without thero being any more
wealth in existence than there was before, and servico and oilier things can
be pnid for although it can be clearly
shown that there is nothing and cnn be
nothing either in the heavens or tho
earth wherewith to make such payment.
* *        *
The wealth of the world appears to
us as an accumulation of commodities,''
says Marx. Now it so happens that all
of these commodities are brought into
existence aolely by the labor of humnn
beings. There is nothing else that enters into them. If they who produce
them are to be separated from them,
it must be done without any payment
being made in return, for the very manifest fact that there is nothing outside
of these commodities themselves that
possesses any exchange value. And
surely nothing can bo utilized for the
purpose of making payment unless it
does possess exchange value, equnlly
great in volume to the things or service for which payment is to be made.
As labor produces all exchange value
and that value is appropriated by the
master class which, by the way, never
produces anything but trouble for
others, it stands to roason that such appropriation can only bo effected by
force, inasmuch as there is no other
way to bring it about. And that is the
way it has always boon done in tho
past. It is also the way it is done now.
Whatever the slaves get in tho way of
food, clothing, shelter and other creature comforts they do not get ns payment for what they have done, any
more than a horse or ox gets paid for
whnt they do when their owner and
muster measures out to them the outs
and hay requisite to their continued cx-
'stence. The wagea of slaves cannot be
termed payment for anything. If
slaves could work without nnything to
eat, drink or wear they would undoubtedly be compelled to do so and thero
is every reason to believe that they
would be fully as zealous in hanging
to their jobs as thoy arc at present,
for above everything else the real slave
Is happy only when working. But ns
thoy cannot continue to work unloss
thoy are fed it becomes necessary for
the masters to dole out to them such
sustenance as may be actually needed
to kocp thom in working condition. And
thnt is all there is to wages, even at the
best.'
* *        *
The master does not measure out
grub to hia human alave as he measures
out oats to his horse or bones to his
dog. He gives the slave money instead. Money is merely n promise to
pay. As payment is impossible, for tho
reason already set forth, the only thing
the slave can do with the promise is to
swap it off with somebody who will
give him a bite to oat or some other
useful thing in exchange for it, This
thing called money, therefore, really becomes merely an order against the stock
of commodities that have already been
produced and not yet consumed, or
such as may be produced in the future.
Aa this money paases from the hnnds of
the slave who has received it from his
master into the hands of somo merchant
or holder of some of tho swng created
by the workers and stolen from them by
their rulers and masters, the alave pro-
coeds to consume that which he gets
and tho promise (money) continues
upon ita merry way as a thing endow-ed
with immortality; a prpmise to pay that
cannot be redeemed bocauae there is
nothing with which to offect that redemption. It remains as a perpetual
charge against the future; a meana of
shifting thc plunder tnken from slnves
from hand to hand in the glorious process of satisfying the hunger and feeding fat thc ambition of the ruling class
and ita precious array of parasitical
pimps, sycophants, boosters, sleuths,
cutthroats and' hangers-on. Ab all that
the slaves bring forth by their lobor
is consumed as rapidly as it ia produced,
there can bc no lasting accumulation
of wealth, in the form of commodities.
The food production of each yenr ia
conaumod during the aueceeding twelve
months. The samo is true of all other
things brought forth, even the moat
durable lasting but a comparatively
short time. Enormous quantities of certain products, especially in times of
most glorious war, are Instantaneously
consumed as soon as brought forth, for
the delectable purpose of mutilating the
landscape and daubing and smearing it
with the blood and guts of human chattels that an all wise providence evidently created for that apecific purpose.
* * *
But though there is neither an accumulation of wealth in the form of commodities, or an accumulation in the
form of slnves, for as already stated
both of these forms of wealth nre eaten
up, worn out, or shot to oblivion as the
case may be, there is a constant accumulation of what is termed money. But
ns money iB nothing but a promise that
cannot bo kept, an order that cannot be
rcdeeod, a credit thirf cannot be liquidated, a debt that cannot be paid, it
mny be readily seen thnt its accumulation is solely an accumulation of figures
representing an impossibility. Stripped
of all enmotrflage these figures represent
only the amount of the plunder tnken
from slaves during the past and placed
to the credit of the thieves who took
it. The amount held by any given person or concern morely indicates the
mngnitnde of the dobt, whieh the futuro
owes to auch person or concern and can-
not pay, for wealth that bus been stolen
from tho slaves of ihe past by thoir
brutal and thieving rulers nnd mnsters.
All investments, bonds, stocks, deeds,
mortgages, dobonturos, bunk accounts,
currency und other paper evidences "f
BO-cttRea wealth belong in the same
category. The sum total of all thia
camouflage constitutes till the record
the world has of the plunder thnt hns:
accrued to the ruling nnd robbing class
since that precious family of rogues
founded their empire upon earth by
placing the shackles upon the limbs of
slnves. It now runs up into the hundreds of billions of dollars whieh of
course is but u mere bagatelle in comparison to what the actual total should
be. But these fow hundreds of billions
aro all th-e figures the world now has.
The balance, a few hundred trillions
more or less, no doubt, hns been lost
through carelessness or bankruptcy. And
the most interesting part, of this* whole
business is thnt it is only by repudiution that this precious debt cnn he
gotten rid of. Were it not for thc repudiation of the past—bankruptcy is
repudiation, don't forget that—the
world's wealth would no doubt now be
ut loast as mnny trillions ns tho present billions of which our rulers so loudly and patriotically boast. And these
impossible figures, representing but n
part of thnt which hus been 'stolon
from slaves and consumed during the
pnst, constitute all there is to the
world's woalth or capital, as it is commonly 1 ermod, A ml a rou nd this absurd fiction is daily being woven tlio
most grotesque fancies nnd weird hnl-
luclnatlons that hnve ever thrust their
roots deep down into the empty noodles
of musters and the semi-empty stomachs
of their work-Infatuated slaves.   This
getting rich by adding up figures is
quite a simple matter, and eminently
satisfying withal. Figurative wealth is
far easier to accumulate than the real
article. It ia ahjo easier to get rid of.
A wet sponge will do the job.
836,034 tons of cereal foodstuffs, nnd
178,259 tons of beef and pork products
were shipped from North America to
"our European Allies" during the
month of April, 1918. As that comes
perilously near being full rations for
75,000,000 people for one month, and
during that time, tho food producers of
this continent also fod themselves and
all tho rest of us who live hero, it does
really look as though these producers of
essential things were at leaat "doing
their bit" for this gloriously uplifting
and bloody civilization of which we aro
ao eminently proud. Especially is this
true whon it is remembered that these
anno producers have done all of this
for nothing, unless it be the proud satisfaction of having aided in the perpetuation of the splendid privilege of working for nothing and boarding themselves. And that seemB to be the only
liberty or privilege enjoyed by the
wealth producers of this most delightful
age. It is surely worth scrapping for,
us any one can readily see.
A Belgian military gent, Lieut. De
Man, who is in the United States ,d-
legedly representing the Belgian Federated Trades, Bays that "thc people of
Belgium have refused to do any work
or maintain any of tho industries since
the war atarted." It would almost appear that if tho workers of all countries
possessed an equul amount of sense,
there would not be any war, at loast.
not so as you would notice it. But
then, come to think of it, if the work*
ers had any sonso at all, there would
not only be no war, but thore would
also bo no ruling class and consequently
no ono to stir up a fight. Also thero
would be no slavery and no slaves to do
the killing, maiming and destroying so
dear to the heart of all rulers, ruffians
and similar monatrosities. Fortunately
for tho rulers, however, tho vast majority of the slavoa still know little enough
to work and fight and die whenever
called upon to do so by their masters
and owners, and by this token iB this
beautiful civilization made safe and
"democracy" in a fair way to become
triumphantly rampant.
Federal indictments have beon returned against twenty-one mine maun
gers and attaches who participated in
the Bisbee deportations last summer. As
the nffair waa pulled off only about a
yenr ngo, this swift manner of bringing
nbout the prosecution of those who took
part in it is commendnblo indeed. But
it is rather humoroua to note what :i
multitude of labor and other periodicals of moro or less worth on
th eir own account, ure hilari
ously noisy in glad acclaim of
the meritorious nction of tho federal
authorities in thus threatening the arch-
criminals with danger of the prison cell.
It is enough to make a horse Inugh, especially in viow of the swift retribution
that overtook tho patriotic worthies
who hanged Frank Little at Butte n
year or so ngo, and also the murdercis
of It. P. Prager at CollinBville, 111., not
long since. No effort has yet been made
to even apprehend the murderers of Little, and though indictments were rn-
ttimed against those reaponaible for the
hanging of Prager a jury of handpicked
putriots acquitted them within five minutes nfter hearing the evidence, although nothing was offered to deny
their guilt. In the light of these hap-
pcuinga, it is easy to realize the extreme joopnrdy of life and liberty thut
confronts tbis band of Arizona brigands
because of those indictments. . It is
something terrible to sny the leaat. Thoy
will be mighty sorry for tbeir crimos
when they find themselves languishing
in jail, perhaps for the rost of their
precious lives.   Serve them d  well
right, too.
Harold Bigbee, in tho London Chronicle, declares that only for tho aid of
Americ-u, nothing could have prevented
Britain from capitaulating to the enemy. Either tbut or she would have been
long sinco compelled to livo and work
aud fight on one-third of her presont
rations, which would) of course, have
been impossible. He says that practically "sixty-five per cent, of the essential foodstuffs oaten by the British citizen (we did not know that such un animal existed) cornea to him from the
American continent." If that be so,
no further ovidenco ahould be required
to clearly show the! superlative excellence of thc capitalist system and method of production as a means whereby
human nnimals may feed, clothe and
otherwise mako themselves comfortable.
Of course, it would never do for the
people of the British Isles or any othi-r
land to produce their own living at
home, instead of depending on hnving
it brought from the ends of tho enrth.
That would not do at all. It is far more
sensible, of course, to sweat and slave
and die in producing somothing that
neither they or any other sensible ner-
sons could either uso or want, and ship
such useless junk all over the world to
be sold, so that out of tho procoeds of
the fool business there might be nt the
most u bare possibility of boing able lo
purchuse food, etc., grown elsewhere, In
sufficient quantities.to ward off starvation. And then when thc masters and
rulers of the fool shebnng got into n
row with others of their ilk, of othor
lands, starvation would almost be assured. It is to be hoped that out of
this awful experience inflicted upon (he
slaves of all lands by thiB terriblo wur,
at least those thai are left will have
gathered sense enough to aeo the point,
thnt is if it be well sharpened. If the
workers of Britain, or any other country, ever accumulate senae enough, they
will perhaps take poasossion of their
respective lands nnd cut out nil ruling
class monkey business nnd rough stuff,
by throwing thnt clusa and its junk into
oblivion and cultivating the country's
resources for the purpose of feeding,
clothing and sheltering themselves, ond
let tho people of other parts of the earth
do likewise or go without, as they may
prefer. There is but one way that tho
people of any country can live, nnd do
it decently, nnd that is by each and all
of them producing and onjoying conjointly the esaential things of lifo, tho
fond, clothing, shelter and other things
requisite for their existenco nnd happl-
ness, And that is something that can
tlQt be done thrnugh any scheme of hu-
mnv, slnvery with its attendant cxplo.tn
tion. trude, commerce, finance, wnr nnd
other vulgarities nnd infamies, peculiar
to ruling clnss civilisation, It will re-
piir.' freedom to do thut.
Miners of Nanaimo
Meet Opposition
(Continued from page 1)
How calamitous it would be should you
lose your present millennium like conditions and have substituted therefore
somothing like the following: A uniform wage scale, where the eavesdropper if not eliminated would not always
get greator advantages than yourself;
where you would have some semblance
of freodom, where you could unrestrictedly express yourself without having
men wise or BATTY to reprimand or
jeor you for your statements, where you
hud a progressive organization with all
that it stands for recognized, where you
would arrango your own picnics without the fawning grace of the boss. Men,
boware leat you lose your almost incredulous conditions. However, toaring
off the camouflage, you know full well
whut tho present system is: Prussianism exemplified. You dare not demand
without organized power on your aide;
you may meokly or Bubmisivoly UBk,
but no more, thereby demonstrating
the truth of the Btatomouta repeatedly
made in the meetings held: that the
preaent committees can only take up
such grievancea us tho company cares
to listen to, being powerless to do nnything moro. If they have any respect
for their job, thoy must see thnt they
don't talk too loud regurding the moat
paltry dispute, let alone he legion of
moro important ones. Said committees
aro not to blumo for the prevailing conditions, and you need only ono guess
to tell whore tho fault lay. If it were
possible to place the employees of the
Canadian Western Fuel Company on
ono scow and tow them in front of a
gigantic mirrpr. Theae words should
bo printed over the top. Do your bit
aud keep the home firea burning; be
men; this is the request of your comrades ou tho firing line. And why not!
You are made of the same cloy us those
of Princess Pat famo, so why cringe
and crawl? Men, women und girls all
uround you are organizing, surely you
are not going to remain tho pawns of
the coal barons. Shako off the timidity.
Stand up and be counted. By so doing
tho very bosses who now jeer you,
will deop down in their heurts havo
grenter reapect for you. Once properly
orgonized you could reasonably question
why the workers in the northwest obtain the following rates: Miners, tim-
bermen und tracklayers, $5.89 per dny;
motormen und drivers, $5,68; trnppor
boys, $3.28 ,and ordinary labor, not
classified insido the mine, $5.47, said
rato being tho minimum for men inside. Ask yourself tho question, is
your present phenomenal condition
equul to the condition of the mine-
workers of Wnshington, Moutnna and
Wyoming. Kindly remember thut thc
Alabama miners who were persecuted
for years by powerful corporations, now
enjoy most of the conditions of tho
other orgnnized districts. Why not you
in Nnnnimo? The words "He that,
would be free must strike the blow"
are as true today as ever. Here's to
the establishment of democracy at Nanaimo. We have received a wire from
the Minister of Labor at Ottawa disapproving of the tactics used by thc
coal company officials on Vancouver Island.
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO
Trades and Labor Council.
June 30, 1803
Bylaw passed: "No person shall be
admitted as u delegate to represent a
mixed Knights of Labor assembly or
other Labor organization if a union of
his particular trade ia in existence."
Concensus of opinion of delegates favored holding Labor Day celebration in
August.
W. Towler reported re Mainland
Steatoshipmen's Union and steamer
City of Nanaimo and steamer Robert
Dunsmuir.
Railroad Employees
A new wage scale has been presented
to the Dominion Express Company by
the Canadian Brotherhood of Knilrond
Employees. The scule presonted to the
Grand Trunk Ruilway Compnny hns
been turned down und a board hus
been applied for. Boards of conciliation are now sitting in Winnipeg to
settle the dispute between the Canadian
Northern Express Company, the Canadian Northern Railway Company, and
the members of tho brotherhood.
Boilermakers
Thirteen new members were Initiated
und mnny upplieutions received by the
Boilermakers Union. L. Cummings wns
elected us the new business ugent in
place of J. H. Carmichuel resigned. The
local will discuss the matter of forming
nnother local ovor in North Vancouver to take cure of tbo growing membership over there.
Men Get Retronctlve Pay
Two thousand eight hundred nnd
ninety-six men working in the Coughlan
shipyard received buck pny representing u len per cent, incrense, dating from
April 24, this week. Somo of the othor
firms have puid und the remuinder ure
expected to huve their hooks straightened out within n few dnys.
Wasting
vital energy
<] Defective eyes impose tho
moHt sovoro strain upon tho
muscles anil so upon tlio powor
stations in tho brain. These departed nerve centros are, therefore, unablo to deliver to tho various organs thoir proper supply of
vital foroe.
IJ As long as sufficient power is
developod In the body this strain
is not definitely felt, but upon the
wane of the physical strength as
whon old ago approaches, and after
long periods of overwork, when the
vitality is at low obb, the weakest
organs succumb, They are unable
to funotlon properly for lack of
motive force and the rosult Is a
derangement of liver, kidneys and
stomach, and general nervous
breakdown.
(J Tho remedy for defective eyes
is" simple, thanks to tho advance
of modern science. Lenses, focusing the light correctly and so
taking tho strain from tho eye-
muscles and nerve centres. . . .
this Is the only remedy. It is a
mattor of mochanlcs and mathematics—not medicine. My profession
is tho study of tho eye—optomc-
irirnl examination snd tbo grinding
of tonnes to remedy oyo defects.
My foes are moderate.
Seymonr 1903
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
OranviUe Optical Co.
540 ORANVILLE STREET
Bolow Drysdalo's
DIAMOND RINGS
"Hani p.opU pr.f.r » fuc-r Osmond rim r.th.r
thu a lolltaln ot half Hoop—• rin» wiles mttu
thoir own uoh of it-rto tuTSeaW'
We have an assortment of fanoy rings frota wMel anyone
cauld make a pleasing choice, including some flne clnater
rings. Tou are specially invited to Bee our diamond
displays.
"Fine Diamonds in Hne Settings"
OEO. E. TEORET, Man. Dir.
Oranviita and Georgia streets
—SAVE TOUB MOKBT—
STAR! A BASK AOOOUal Dl
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Doa't stow away yonr spare eaeh la
any old cornor whore It fa ln danger
from burglars or flre.
The Merchants Bank of Canada offers yon perfect safety for yonr
money, and will give yoa fall banking
servioe, whether your aeeonnt Is Urge
or small.
Interest allowed  on savings deposits.
a. V. STAOBY, Manager
Oranvllle and Pander
W. O. JOT. Manager
Hastings ud OwiaU
XN00BF0B4TBD 185S
Bank of Toronto
Assets  .$84,000,000
Deposits   '63,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Aeeonnt may be
opened at The Bank of Toronto
In the names of two or more
persons. In these accounts either
party may sign cheques or deposit
money. For the different members of
a family or a Arm a Joint aeeonnt ia
often a great convenience. Interest is
paid on balances.
Vancouver Branch:
Oorner Hastings and Oamble Streets
Branohos at:
Victoria,   Merritt,   Nsw  Westminster
NOTARY PUBLIC
AW. WHITAKEB, NOTAEY
•Public and Conveyancer. Declarations drawn up, affidavits attested.
Moderate charges. 439 Richards St,
THB TELEPHONE EVERY TIME.
Summer days are business days. With
longor daylight ono wishes to do as much
as possible. Havo recourse to the telephone. With Hb assistance, you can
crowd much work into few hours. It
will save you money as well as time.
Or, perhaps, yoa have recreation In
view and want to get through with the
day's dutlea. Again, the telephone Is the
one great asslster. Long calls or short
calls, it's conversation—action every
time.
B. 0. Telephone Company, Ltd.
O. Tnrcott
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—IWBLV1 NHW TABLES—
(Bi-a-uwtflk-Balk. Oollender Co.)
—Htadqoartiri for Union Mtn—
Union-made   Tobacco,,   Olgan   and
OlfirattM
Only WBltt Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
If yoa haven't Joined tbe Federated Labor
Party, get in tonch with Secretary Trotter,
Hoom 206, Labor Templo, or any of the vice-
presidents throughout the provinco, ***
<3el
iGTWeon t^oc
CIGCO.
Dentistry!
Crowns, Bridges and niUngi
made the same shade is yoa own
natural teeth.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Open evenlnga  7:80 to  8:80.
Dontal nurse ln attendance.
OOB.   OBAITVILLB   AHD   BOBBOI
8TBBBTB
Over Owl Drug Store
Phone Sey. 6288
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in the home of
every man-
is II IN TO0BS?
—Phona Fairmont seat—
-At the J. N. Harvey Olothing Stores <
Warm Weather Clothing
Comforts for Men
At the "Red Arrow" Union Stores
Men's 2-piece Suits in medium weight materials,
nicely tailored; sizes 33 to 39.  Prices $15, $18, $20
to $25.
Bathing Suits—In a great variety of weights. Prices
$1, $1.75, $3, $4.50 to $7.50.
Zimmerknit Balbriggan  Underwear—Shirts  and
drawers, each   65c
Combinations at $1.25
Men's Straw Boater Hats—At $1.50, $2 and $2.50
Panama Hate—New Shapes $3.50, $4, $5 to $8
Fancy Dress Shirts—Arrow and Tooke make.  The
prices are $1.50, $2, $2.50 and $3.00
Union-made Overalls $1.50 to $2.50
Men's Working Shirts $1.00 to $4.00
Two Big Union Stores for Men
in British Columbia
125-127
Hastings St. W.
Also 614-616 Yates St., Victoria, B.O.
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign 1	 FBIDAY. June 28, 1818
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Investigations Into C.P.R,
Dining Car Trouble
(Continued from pig* 1)
men, gave evidence that tbe organization had a membership of about 10,000
and that organization work among the
dining oar section of the trainmen was
carried on quite openly at Vancouver,
In answer to Mr. Justic Macdonald
he said that the men w-ere paid $35 a
month and board and added to this remuneration by tips they received on the
road. On some cars, he said, the crews
maintained a "kitty" iuto which all
tips were placed and divided at the
end of the trip. The stewards were
not "in on this," he said.
Herbert Ford, telling of an interview
the crew in his car had had with Mr.
Tingley, said that that official had naked him if he was a member of the
union and on answering "Yes," he was
told that the C. P. B. would not recognize the union and could use negroes
or erect oa ting-houses, thereby eliminating dining car help. Mr. Tingley, it
was said, had added that no one would
be discharged for being a member of
the union, for every man was entitled
to his opinion "provided everything
came out right."
To Mr. Matthews tho witness said
that he did not try to get a position
on any other part of tke 0. P. B. system.
Pte. Wallace Harris, who was called
to the colors when " B " class men were
ordered up, corroborated the previous
witness' evidence of the interview with
Mr. Tingley.
Edward Tuffs, a married man with
two children, and for eight years employed as a waiter, gavo evidence along
the sume lines. When ho answered
that he belonged to the union Mr. Tingley had stated that he was sorry bo-
cause in thut case tho company would
have to import colored men from across
the line and, failing that, -erect eating-
houses along tho line.
C. Hedley, a survivor of the Princess
Pat's Eegiment, was in his crow that
interviewed Mr. Tingley. Mr. Tuffs said
his regular trade was a cotton mill man,
but there wore no mills in the west and
ho could not afford to travel EaBt again
with his family.
Chef 22 Years
H. O. Sigier, an Alsatian, who had
lived in England the greater part of his
lifo, said he was a clicf of 22 years'
standing, six years of which were spent
in tho employ of tho C. P. R. Hu said
that ho was ticked off on Mr. Tingley's
list as belonging to the union and was
discharged, but afterwards given vrotk
on the C. P. B. troop truius and was
still working. In cross-examining him,
Mr. Matthews admitted to Mr. Justice
Macdonald that they did not keep men
rogularly for the troop trains but selected them when the occasion required,
William Deacon, a married man, and
for twenty-two years a waiter, fivo
years of which wore spent on C. P. B.
trains, said that whon Mr. Tingley in
terviewed him ho appeared to be reading his questions from a paper in front
of him. His evidence wns practically
the same as that of the others. To Mr.
JuBtice Macdonald he said that there
was nothing against his record in the
service and no reason given him for his
dismissal. Mr. Tingley, he said, did not
nsk him to withdraw from the union.
Edward McGeo, who said he has been
in the hotel businoss or employed as a
waiter practically all his life, also said
that there wore no demerit marks
against him in the company's service,
Answering Mr. Matthews, ho said that
he had not been told anything about
getting employment elsewhere in the
company. In fact he had nevor nsked
why he had been dismissed.
Arthur Jnmeg Remington, a married
man und for ton years a waiter, said thut
at Calgary he had beon asked by Inspector Evans if he was distributing
literature. He had udittcd that he had
given ono union application form to u
follow wniter, upon which, ht> suid, Mr,
Evans turned to Mr. Pratt, his steward, and told him to "turn in" this
man when ho reached Vancouver. Pratt
had also been told to notify Mr, Tingley that the men were organizing. Ho
wus dismissed at Vancouvor, he said,
two or three minutes after meeting Mr.
Tingley, but was taken back again two
days afterwards, Mr. Tingley expressing dissatisfaction over tho reasons for
his dismissal. He was discharged with
the other members of his crew ubout
the time the dining our men were dismissed. He admitted to Mr. McVety that
ho hnd takon an active part in organizing the union. He was now employed
ns a laborer at the Wallace Foundry.
Whon he hnd usked Inspector Jinks at
Vancouvor why he had beon dismissed
that official had told him, the witness
said, that tho company could "hire and
fire" whom it pleased.
Empress
Theatre
Phone Seymour 2492
WEEK OF JOIY 1st
Anothor phenomenal play
"The Lion and
the Mouse"
Featuring  MISS  EDYTHE ELLIOTT
Special Matinee en Monday, July
1st
Prices:    16c, 30c, 40c.
PANTAGES
***** wut wm
"HOOSIEB OIBI."
BIOBABD TBE OBEAT
 Other Big Feitnraa
COLUMBIA
Mon.—Tues.—Wed.
"WOMANHOOD"
Greatest patriotic film spoc-
taclo ever shown.—Usual
comedy.
Concert Orchestra
Dr. Curry Spoke on Social
Revolution and Labor
Troubles
In the introductory portion of his address on "The Soeial Bovolution," at
the Bex theatre on Bunday evening, under the auspices of the Federated
Labor Party, Dr. Ourry referred to the
possibility of the great impending
changes being attended with all the horrors of civil strife and bloodshed, and
said that if it did come in that way, it
wonld not be because they wanted it so.
"If there's one thing we want it's
peace; if there's one thing we believe
in, it's the sacred value of human lifo,"
ho asserted. As the blind forces of na-
tuie, once controlled, become man's
obedient servants, bo through the intellectual control of social forces, and in
that way alone, could a "bloodless revolution" come about.
The speaker went on to point out
that it was a matter of world-wide
causes rather than of individuals. They
coold not blame the ruling class for being a ruling class. Somebody had to
develop industries; the people were not
ready to do it, and enterprising individuals had stepped in. Nevertheless,
ho raised the question how one small
class could keep down the masB of humanity, "How it is they can dominate
the situation and bring the world to its
present chaotic condition!"
The answer waB found in the pro
i-oiinccment of Marx and Engels that
the modo of production determined the
intellectual, aB well as the social condition. The capitalist system being one
of "organized and legalized1 robbery,"
thc attendant institutions were in keeping. Thus the rulers dominated the
bruins of the masses of the people; the
newspapers reflected the interests of the
owning class.
The exploitation of the present Bystem was so insidious that large masses
of the people did not know they wore
exploited. They were blind to the
truth of things, because of their college
education, tho newspapers they read, the
sormons they heard, and1 so forth. Vet
now that machinery was the dominant
factor in production and their productivity was accordingly increased, thoy
were in fact exploited more than ever.
With the cost of living going up, thoy
had to strike to get tho means of subsistence. Evon the police had to make
a stand, and in the speaker's opinion,
tho polico had just as much right to
striko as anybody olse had the right to
struggle for existence. (Applause.)
"The police have a perfect right to
strike if the citizens or the council
haven't senso enough to give them whut
they need without striking."
History wis simply a record of class
struggles. The delivery of the anclont
people of Israel had been from the bondage of Egypt; they were not interested
in "mansions in the skies" or the oft-
promised "good times after you die."'
(Laughter and applause.) The rising
of slaves under Spartacus against the
great imperialistic nation of Bome was
another example. The early Christians
looked to the Nazarono to rescue the
people, not from thoir sins, but from
t'-e oppression of their masters. He
pi cached tfuch delivery from bondage,
and so "tho common people heard Him
gladly." His enemies wero the ruling
class, just as they are the enemies of
the revolutionary movement today. Ho
came into direct conflict with tho Roman economy of chattel slavery, when
He taught His followers to "call no
mtii. master."
In conclusion, Dr. Curry said: "This
war is ono of tho death-pangs of capitalism, one of the birth-throes of tho
new social ordor—a blessing in disguise.
The empire of capitalism is about to
perish, just as other empires have perished in the past. Capital is weighed
in the balances and found wanting. The
cupitnlist clnss is to be doprived of its
power; the kingdom will bo given to
the working elan."   (Much applause.)
Goo. Hardy, as chairman, announced
that some hundreds of the Great War
Veterans had already joined the Federated Labor Party, and also that in the
lost throe weeks the numbor of ladies
who had joined the organization was
only one less than the number of men.
Probably, in time, the ladles would be
tht. predominant partner—ho hoped
they would. The party stood for abolishing the class war by making aU producers and consumers equal.
Among the questions from the audience was one referring to the alleged
intention of the kaiser to conquer Canada and annex the United States. Dr.
Curry ropliod that democracy was going
to put tho kaiser and his bunch out of
business so that they would probably
never aeo Canada. Nor would the people of Germany find that democracy wus
out to make slaves of them. Thoir enomy was their own imperialistic militarism.
and tbat he had on any occasions been
blacklisted because of his activities,
and that since he came to Vancouver,
while getting on in years, he had continued an active member, serving the
local members in many capacities, acting on committees and for some years
"1 treasurer.
Bro. Holdsworth, in replying stated
that he had never worked in the movement for reward, or in the expectation
"J reeeiving any such token of appre
•HAW      tint    i-nnt.    L„    *L_J     1__,      .   r*   .
Amal. Carpenters Show Appreciation of Services
, Rendered
The Amalgamated Section ol the V.
B. CarpentorH hold its regular meeting
on Tuesday ovening, nine new members
were Initiated. After the regular business hnd boon disposo-l of, Bro. H.
HoldBWorth, who has beea a member nf
tho organization for 41 years, was pre*
sontod with a wallet containing one
hundrod dollars, and us a mark of appreciation of tho services rendered by
kith. Holdsworth Bhe was presented
with a Bolton china cruot.
President Richardson, in making the
presentation, stated that the members
of tlio branch desired to express their
appreciation of tho services rendered to
organized labor by Bro. Holdsworth.
and nlso of tho services rendered by
Mrs. Holdsworth, and hnd decided thnt
this was tho only way in which they
could suitably express' their obligation
to thom.
Bro. .T. Q. Smith, business agont. In
referring lo Bro.   Holdsworth°s   long
membership,   stnted   that  he hnd   not
been only a djos paying member, but
J tlmt he had held offlco for mnny years,,
-- -——-—_ ——j   w«v«  w..u  ui   -*****r<*-
ciation, bnt that he had worked in the
movement because he knew tho bonefit
of it, and because he considered it his
duty to hie fellow workers. Bro. Holds*
worth, who was visibly moved by the
appreciation of his fellow members,
concluded by thanking the members for
their gift to himself and wife.
Bro. Wells, on being asked to say a
few words for The Federationist, stated
that the need for a labor press was
nover as great as at present, and in referring to the old members of the or*
ganized labor movemont, stated that
he did not think that the young men
of the movement had taken fall advantage of the opportunity that the old
men of the movement had made possible. He referred to the founders of the
movement, who against all odds had
held their meetings, and condnoted their
business before the trade union was a
legal institution, and before it became
respectable, and urged the need for
support of the labor press, so that by
the workeri being in receipt of the
true knowledge of their position, they
PAGE FIVE
would be able to bring; about conditions very different to those that prevailed today.
The committee appointed to procure
information on the saving of the Labor
Temple gave its report. The committee
was instructed to continue.
A communication was received from
the T. If. O. A. asking for suport in
their "drive" for funds, bnt the members had not forgotten the conditions
that prevailed on the nob when under
construction and lied ft.
Bight new members were initiated
and twelve applications received by
Local No. 777. Businoss Agent McCallum reports that there is considerable
unrest in the unions owing to th* Winnipeg trouble. The trouble in the Victoria Navy Yard regarding retroactive
pay has been satisfactorily settled. Th*
trouble wu caused over the long red
tape procedure that had to be gone
through at Ottawa.
Shoes Are a Necessity
You've got to have them
Money must be spent—but how much?
JOHNSTON CLAIMS HE CAN SAVE YOU MONEY ON YOUR SHOES-THIS IS NO IDLE BOAST-OUR EXPERIENCE IN
BUYING AND OUR BIG TURNOVER MAKES THIS POSSIBLE.
Men who work for their money are the
men Johnston wants to shoe
You Mr. Reader, you who earn every cent in the pay envelope and have the desire to save-try this store for your footwear.
It snot only the right spot to buy your own shoes but the headquarters in Vancouver for ladies' and children's shoes as well.
SPECIAL TWO-DAY SALE
Friday and Saturday we have arranged special pre-Holiday Prices throughout the store. Cool, serviceable Summer Shoes displayed and reduced to prices which are lower by far than any other store in Western Canada.
FAIR PRICES
PROVEN QUALITY
1
Come to Johnston's for your
Outing, Picnic
nnd Sport Shoes.
The biggest stock
in Vancouver, tho
lowest p r I o e i
anywhere.
Some Red-hot Bargains for the Men
Tomorrow we give you a chance to buy *8.50 Shoes, made by McPherson, the
oldest makors of shoes in Canada, for *6.00 a pair. These shoes aro made of No. 1
calf with oak soles, Goodyear welted on lasts that are fashionblo und Up-to-date: all
sizos and widths. If wo wont to duplicate them at today's prices tho wholesale
cost would be more than we're offering thom at. Now,
men, if you wnnt roal value, horo'o your chanoo. Be*
momber, there sold in other stores in Vancouver for $8.50.
Wo can tit you and save you $2.50 on every pair.
These shoes carry the 'union stamp.
Thoro aro 600 pairs of these medium,
soral-sport, military heel Lace Boots in
thie lot. Whito enamel Holes and
heels; No. 1 quality cloth need ln the up*
Eon; high cut, flexible leather aolei. A
dot worth |6.60. All alaes. Juat Uke
Illustration above.   To go ont at
$4.00
SEND US TOUB MAIL ORDERS
WORTH
$4.00, NOW
Two hundred pairs Ladles' Whito Rubber
Sole Sport Boots, liko illustration; low
flat heels, noat tip, high eut, sown union,
rocodlng too last; worth $4.00. All sites.
To go out at
$2.95
SALS     OF      ' 'STITCHED-DOWN''
SLIPPERS FOB CHILDREN
Mado of gunmetal calf with heavy
flexible stitched soles, ankle strap
pattern. Sises up to 7 only. $}.00
per pair _  ™
Large  sites only,
per pair	
$1.45
Here's a "trade bringer," A Whito Sea Island
Duck Laco Boot for ladles. Just like cut. Covered
Louis heel, plain vamp, high cut, light sole. A
boot worth J5.00 anywhere. All sizes. Snow
white. To go out at
$3.75
Ladies' White Canvas Polish Lace Boot, high cut,
fancy silk braid trimmed, neat toe CSf), medium recede lot lust, white sole and low heel, flexible
leather sole. These aro our "American Sport"
Uoot nnd are very serviceable—a boot any farfy
would Hike pride in having. They are just like
tills Illustration above. 600 pairs in
the lot. Hizo to 8. To go
OUt at  ,	
Mail Orders Filled
$4.00
n $6.00
We're agents for Dr. Seed's Cushion Sole; alio Doctor Vernon's and Doctor
Worth'a—three real lines of comfort shoes for men. If yen have tender feet try
a pair of these.
BETTER VALUES FOR
THE MEN
These -*8.00 Dark Brown, Acme Solo, Calf
Laco Boots aro "name buy." It's tho popular style and a good wearer. «g AQ
All sites.   To go out at  ™
Johnston offers you a varied assortment of
wonder values In Men's Black ?7.00 Laco
and Button Hoots for only
$5
12 linen to
choose from
Tennis, Picnic and Outing Shoes
for Every Occasion
BOYS' RED FOX
Tliesii are the double sole White Tennis
Boots with the red rubber reinforcing; all
Nines  11  to 5; Q-ri   r_*K
only     Jpl.TO
Theso 10-Inch Whito Lace Boots, witb
rubber soles mid low flat heels; first finality.
Sizes 2   1-2  to 7   (ladles), $2.50
Sites  11 to 2  (misses'),
fof 	
92.25
Thi-iip   pii-Hila*   Tennis   ami   Outing   Pumps
tor la-lles, nil alifos; p.r pair. $2,00
"VEENS"
Strap eilptlora  lor girls,  with ruhhor solos
  $1.25
$1.40
And low flat beeli
8 to 10 1-2	
Sites   11   to 2
for 	
Roman Handals. with rubber soles   _,_ __tX
and heell, Sites 8 to 10 1-2   *P-1*>°*»
Sizes  II  to 2
$2.00
VonthH high cut Tonnls Boots,       a-e aa
only, a pair '  *pJ*,W
rAGENTS FOR LECKIE BOOTS FOR MEN AND BOYS=
Johnston's
Unbeatable Values
the Children
HISSES'   WHITE  BOOTS
Made with whito onaiuul, loathnr soles anil hods. In Inn*
stylos; regular $3.01..   Today and Saturday       $2.50
■ (or .
OHILDBEH'S   MARY   JAMES
Sh.-n S to 10 1*2 In thoso popular whito sllppnrs __ Kn
for girls.   Today and Saturday, a pnir  ™   *
BOYS'  CANVAS  BOOTS    '
Brown Canvas Bluchors. Just Iho thing for summer
£1411 ,-j tfi,';-tq i-Uvh'icBool
, . u\c
SriOe
Hoys
wear.
Stars 11 I
for	
$2.50
Ms™   1
for	
$2.75
JiaflHH
* ilfa.\ ■■-■a. ,'<-..v B.C  -  Nsw iv.
t'Uit
■)Sr _
■:> rMiNS/CfiBlC.',
Mr. Workingman:
We've got just the boot you need.
Here it is: Box Calf Blucher, heavy
sole, No. 1 stock, comfortable shape.
Sold everywhere at $6.50. a-..
Johnston's price >J>*b. 00
J PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
I
Some Jobs
are so messy that they
require special protection from the grime
That's why   we designed and made
this good, strong, one-piece suit for
this very special purpose. "It fills the
bill."
MADE of khaki, in one piece, it covers the wearer from neck to ankles and is best known as our
"boiler suit." Good to work in when
the job takes you inside boilers, firegrates, under automobiles or wherever
the grime is thickest. Ask for it by
name.
JAS THOMSON*SONS Limited
VANCOUVER B.C.
HMNL     BUT!
UNION
MADE
IT'S buttoned down the front, has side slits, and
** is one of the easiest garments to get into or out
of. Plenty of pockets, with a special rule pocket.
It is really very inexpensive and well worth the
price. All seams are double-stitched, buttons are
rivetted on and it will stand more work than most
garments.
ASK YOUR DEALER.    HE HAS
IT OR CAN GET IT FOR YOU
JAS. THOMSON ft SONS, LTD.
VANOOOVBB
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
PANAMAS
FELTS
STRAWS
CAPS
Our stock is complete and up-to-date
Black and White
Hat Store
CORNER HASTINOS AND ABBOTT STS.
1RIDAY. June 28, 1918
fEDEMTIONISr
EtlitorB. £ FederationiBt: In the lnst*obtain tkis, it is essential that the police
IT
issue of The Federationist there appears
a letter by Alex. Young, criticising the
doings of the Bolsheviki in Bussia. I
myself, do not agree with the foreign
policy of tho Bolsheviki Commissioners,
and if the AnarchiBt uprisings and the
arrestB of social revolutionists related
by the capitalistic press of this country
are,true, that is to show that thero nre
force be allowed to organize. The or*
ionization will benefit the citizens more
than the police themselves. The right
to confer is one of the principles which
every body of workmen, "especially tho
police," should not be denied. These
conferences among the policemen will
benefit the citizens and also clear away
my grievances which may and will ex-
in Russia sections of Maximalists who j Ut, if tho same conditions are allowed
are not supporting the,Bolsheviki policy. | to exist. By not giving the police this
But if revolutionary Russia is at the mode of protection, the citizens of Van-
mercy of the German army, and ia un-[ccuver will do an act whieh is shame-
'able to defend herself against Teutonic ful and stupid.
imperialism, tho fault is not to be found i Discipline as we know it, is the law-
in thc social ideas of the Bolshoviki. fil obedience to authority which dis-
Had they assisted    Kerensky and his  tinguiBhes an organized bodv   from
~n*,~    *.,    no--*.V««l,     n    T,n„w„nn;D   .fl*n„t*klJA        «.1,T,1«        TU*-,- 1_1I~_   .•_ ___! 1
gniig to establish a bourgeois republic,
lho proletariat of Russia would hnve
gained nothing of the revolution. The
cause of thoir apparent weakness, I
think, is to be found in the demobilization of the rod army, the greatest mistake over made by any group in power,
and in the -Tolstoian doctrines of non-
resistonco prevailing among tho Ruaflian
peasants. I agree with Mr. Young that
the mml assassin of Berlin and his junker govornment muBt be crushed, but
let the workers of the Entento countries
understand thot after thoy will have
shattered the insane dream of the Central European Imperialists, they will
have to crush the bourgeois system of
■ production in their own countries if
| thoy are to make the world safe for real
and not Wilsonian democracy, and if
thoy don't want to fight another war
before this century is ovor.
Short-sighted capitalists and bourgeois politicians are already (and the
war is not over yet), paving the road
to another slaughter, with commercial
treaties, alliances, etc., and it is up to
us workers to spoil their criminal
schemes. Neithor "Wilson or Lloyd
Goorge, Orlando or Clemenceau, can
givo the world a permanent and democratic peace; only the workers can, by
taking into their hands tho destinies of
mankind. We have been suffering for
centuries in slavery, lot us p ta stop to
this anti-social system under whoso iron
heel we are compelled to exist and die;
let us prepare to tako all the means of
production and distribution, "a la Bolshoviki," if othor means aro not available.
Then (and not until then), the world
ill become civilized enough to have
universal peace.' Yours for tho proletariat.
ROMEO ALBO, !
Lethbridge, Alta.
Note by Ed.—Anarchy and Socialism
are as far apart as tha polos, and if the
Anarchists of Russia are obstructing,
as we believe thoy aro obstructing the
re-construction of Russia, thon the Bolsheviki nre justified in stamping out the
obstructionists.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
There Is No Sacrifice
of the pleasures of the table when good, wholesome
substitutes for wheat flour are used. ,,.*■..
Scores of families are now employing dependable,
guaranteed cereals which have always stood high in
public esteem, and whose more extensive use have
been made a necessity by the temporary shortage of
wheat.
Royal Standard Rye Flour
Royal Standard Oatmeal
Royal Standard Yellow Cornmeal
Royal Standard Rolled Oats
—are products that have had a warm welcome in British Columbia homes for years. Thc demand for them today is not
merely a tribute to their qualities as dependable and nutritious cereals, but to the dependable character of "ROYAL
STANDARD" products in general, including "RoyalStandard
Wheat Flour."
At all grocers,
on every sack.
Look for the trademark, the "Circle V"
rabble. Discipline is a good "thing when
properly carried out; but when it is
overdone, it atnounts to tyranny. In
order^ to offset tyranny it is well that
tlio citizens of Vancouver should allow
thc police to form a union. If this
humble association is allowed to go on
it will surely rotain in the service men
who will be penetrated to thoir bones
by an absolute sense of honor, which
is tho soul of all humble servants of
tte public. Mon who will deserve a
pleasant recollection whon citizens
weet thom in the street.
Tho oath of allegiance, which is the
protection of life and property, should
hi! the foundation on which a polico
union must be built. This oath, I am
Bpro, will not conflict with their duties,
however sympatheitc othor unions may
be with the striking union or unions.
Tn my opinion much good will result
from a police union, as the other union
members will listen to a brother that
the stand ho takes is for the protection
of life and property.
Finally, citizens of Vancouvor, treat
with respect, as friends, those who protect your lives and property and serve
you sincerely. You will never repay
them as much as you ought. Ton can
at loast honor them—they fully deserve
it. Above all things admit it to your
minds that the order of social ordor is
the first sorvico of a nation and that
t will be more necessary in future. Let
us have a polico servico, vigorous, edu-
caied and impartial. Reflect all you
cr.n; reflect upon all things, the greatest as woll as the least; perhaps you
will flnd that the greater are not better
orgnnized than the small. Do not turn
yonr bncks on tho future. Beforo you,
not behind, lies truth, justice and equal-
WELLWISHER.
Southern Australia Follows
Queensland in Labor
Party Victory
Only a short time ogo wc referred
to the fact that in the Australian state
of Queensland, the Labor party had
won a sweeping victory in the general
eleetion, and that very little, if any,
1 reference had been made to it in the
'public press.
j Now news comes of further triumphs
in the south Australian elections. These
elections were held last April, and resulted in the capture of 13 seats by the
Laborites. Prior to the election, the
Conservatives had 42 members in the
state legislature, and Labor only four,
but in the electoral battle Labor won 13
additional seats, and brought its representation up to 17, the government's
following being reduced to 29, and several of these were only roturned by very
narrow majorities.
Among the defeated was ex-Premier
Vaughan, who ratted it on the Labor
party, and five other former Labor men,
who formerly ratted from Labor, wero
overwhelmingly defeated, not one managing to squeeze through. Among the
defeated were six ex-ministers of Btate.
Thus inside of three months the fusion-
ists and reactionaries have received two
hard blows and this late rtriumph following so closely on the heels of tho
Queensland victory, is significant of the
change that is taking place in public
sentiment. Tho public press of Canada
may seek to suppress the news of political Labor victories in Australia, but
happily it is powerless to alter tho
facts.
International Revolution
Editor B. C. Foderationist: To the
layman, the term revolution smatters of
bloodshed and destruction, but its real
interpretation merely means a change,
practically speaking, a political change.
I cannot by any process of imagination, imagine the workers of the world
duplicating tho wholesale slaughter nnd
destruction that daily occurs on the battlefields of Europe, in accomplishing
thoir ultimate object—world control.
Their intelligence abhors such prehistoric methods of attainment. That sane
intellectual logical thought can succeed
whero tho sword fails, is a truth that
time will prove.
It requires no stretch of imagination
to arrive at the conclusion that international revolution is day by day approaching maturity. That it is no imaginary mirage on the horizon viewed by
statesmen in despair, is proven to the
foci of fact in terms of economics, logic
and materialistic reality.
Points that I cover now have been
placed before the workers, through their
Labor journals in thoir respective countries, during the past ten years, a period
of specialized economical study that
makes me convinced of the truth of
that which I write.
That the American government is willing to intcr-oxchangc commodities on
a bnsis into which money does not function—with Russia—because that nation
has practically no medium of exchange,
might truly constituto revolution—revo-
lution of thought, at least.   .
No country in the world today has a
medium of exchange in monetary values, for the obvious reason that there
is not sufficient gold on deposit to warrant such vast quantities of outstanding
paper and enormous commodity transections; in other words, wc are trading
"on our face," and the only thing that
is concrete and fixed in commodity production is, that without the functions
of labor no commodity production is
possible, therefore, tho true value of
any commodity is the labor time spent
upon its production. Hence, the workers of the world, cnn in ter-exchnnge
commodities on a world-wide scale, just
as America is willing by stress of circumstances, to exchango commodities
with Russia on a clear labor value basis.
That a pair of boots, and a bushel of
wheat have a concrete standard of exchange value is paroly a matter of comparison 'twixt the labor timo expended
on their production, and tho difference
credited or debited to their ratios of
value.
That thc workers who produce everything .own nothing, is the humorous
side of economic study. That workers
should starve whilst warehouses burst
from their fullness, constitutes a problom because of the simplicity of its
solution. That the workers of the world
are rapidly organizing to combat tho
evils of this present system, is the only
redeeming feature of our day by day
events. The bottle in Europe appears
to have its beneficiary points, qualified
by the rovolution of thought in the
minds of those at home. That millions
ef workers face death, ngony and niiB-
ery day by day, is a crime'for which
some sect must be responsible, to which
responsibility is attached a penalty, a
penalty that I shudder at its severity.
The judges to be those who have faced
death, aye, and things worso than death.
These' mark you, aro to bo the judges,
millions of soldiers who have pulled tho
trigger, manned the guns, swam in
blood, tortured by suspense and pain,
racked wilh thoughts of cupidity and
rapine cunning of diplomats. Those nre
the judges, gentlemen! Smile if you
can. Cry if yon muat. And mock at
the crumbling bones and graves in
France if you dare.
S. H. COOKE.
Vancouver, B. C.
Police Organization and Efficiency
Editor B. C. Federationist: To obtain
a good, efficient police force is the desire of all citizens of Vancouver, and to
Police Unionism
Editor B. C. Federationist: I see by
Tuesday hiorning's Sun that Chief McPherson, of the Winnipeg polico force,
pnid a fraternal visit to Chief McRen,
ho having just returned from thc International Police Union of Chiefs nt Kansas City.
I notice by the chief's statement thnt
tho Winnipeg Police Commissioners hns
refused the right to permit an orgnniza-
tion or union among thc police there.
Now, who permitted the chiefs to form
a union? nnd was thero any objection
made to their organization? I think it
iB clearly another instance of might is
right. The masters can organize nnd
govern themselves accordingly; but,
when the workmen want to organize,
they try every schemo to prevont them.
Among other questions which wero
discussed at his union, was the spy
peril, and rnethods for dealing with it.
Surely Chief Macpherson, who is a win*
tho-wnr man, evidently doos not uso
much diplomacy, when he states in the
Sun, resolutions which took place at his
union.
I hope he is only making a noise, nnd
not giving the enemy, especially the spy
who is the most dangerous of nil, n
banco to cover up.
If von Hindcnburg and von Luden-
dorf were so well forwarned by the
press about the next move ngainst thom
the British public would go crazy,
SCRIBE.
Vnncouvor, B. C.
The war is almost won, fellows:
Mendelssohn's wedding march hns been
strangled by the heroic ministers of
Toronto, and they've got their clutches
on Wagner's attempt in "Lohengrin."
No more will love's young dream come
true to the vile strnine of Teuton music.
Never again will their church organists
be asked to finger the obnoxious chords.
And so Canada and the British Empire
are snved to posterity. There seems no
doubt thnt Messrs. Wagner nnd Mendelssohn worked in secret codes
amongst tho tender notes of their
music, giving thc latest sailings of
Canadian and Americnn troop ships;
that those terrible woddii.fr. marches
contain all sorts of Bolsheviki dope—
nnd that's awful bad stuff. Just shows
t wonderfully tho Germans plan
ai.cad. And, on tho other hand, it
brings out the value of a sound theological education—an education which
develops a superlative logical sense
that can scent out notional danger
where common folk like up would never
spot it; for, never in n month of Sundays would we suspect calamity in the
sweet naivete of nuptial music. We
ought to be nbjectly grateful to thoso
Toionto   patriots.      They    ought    to
>t special diamond-Btudded Victoria
crof.scs for their srblime gallantry.
Tney ought to be given good cnbinet
jobe—as side lines in which to use
their super-human perspicacity. Hail
tficm, fellows, noble warriors of thc
cloth!
Sir Percy Sherwood, chief polico commissioner,' wires thnt a union of policemen can serv,e no useful purpose. He
nows. And, undoubtedly, he's right—
from his point of view. A union of
policemen would serve no useful (or
plutocratic) purpose—which is how Sir
Percy interprets the adjective, However, we're all quite willing to let it go
nt thnt so long as it serves tho purposes
of the "useless" proletariat.
ti t   *
The wind wafts of the Y.M.C.A.
money-getting campaign seems to be
blowing up dirty weather in the city's
social ten-cup. ' Tnke a look nt tho
bcro'metor. You will notice thnt the
Sun reports, in connection with Friday's meeting of tho Woman's Forum,
that "Mrs. Steeves explained that she
!wd beon requested by Mrs. J. A. Gillespie to bring the mntter of tho 'Y'
enmpaign before the metabers and ask
for co-operntion. No seconder could bo
found, however, to a motion that bsbIb** J
Colored workers in the States are
taking to unionism fast. During the
past week, news has reached us that a
colored union with a largo membership,
embracing blacksmiths, boilormakors
and helpers, was orgnnized in Pftlttstino,
TexaB, also 300 oil rofinery workers in
Port Arthur, TexaB, and the paper mill
employees of Orange, Texas.
Washington—Nearly 1200 publica
tions in the United Stntes and Canada
were discontinued during the yenr .1017.
There have been approximately 020 suspensions and 250 consolidations, each
of wliich of course eliminated at least
one publication. Tho new publications
started mado the net decrease for tho
year <il(>, of which 02 were daily newspapers.
tance be givon by the members as an
organization, but several members offered to assist as individuals.'' Now look
how the gontle Province pours oil upon
the troubled waters. It puts it this
way: "A request from Mrs. J. A. Gil-
Icbpie that the Forum assist in the
Y.M.C.A. campaign resulted in assurance that the members as individuals
would co-operate in the movement to secure funds for the completion of the
association's building.'' Taking it by-
end-large, we don't think the Y.M.C.A.
(who called it tho Young Men's Camouflage Academy?) is going to get many
bricks or much mortar out of the Worn*
an's Forum.
*   •   •
If you haven't already got a copy,
you ought to get thnt reprint from Tho
New York Evening Post, giving the
full texts of tho secret treaties fourid
by Trotzky in tbe archives of tho Foreign Offlce at Petrograd. Not only are
those treaties extremely entertaining
rending, but they furnish the flrst authentic answer to tho universal question: What are we J^hting for? It's
worth ten cents to know why Europe
is drenched in blood, to know why almost thc whole world weeps today; to
know what each warring country aims
to gain from the shambles; to know
why wc must be conscripted.
«   *   *
It's pretty hard to keep the lid down
-in our profiteering jacks-in-thc-box.
Flavelle had great springs nnder him.
Remember how hard it was to get him
to stay down? The flour jacks that came
after him were wobblier—they wore
only able to mako a couplo of feeble
jumps. Still, they did their little best
until thoir springs busted. Now the coal
jacks are getting ready to amust us
with their antics. They've been getting
nice little springs under them ever
since Pennsylvania cool was banned
Mun Canada. Somebody freed tho lid
of tho box thc other day and up they
jumped, grinning. And no wonder they
look happy. They've been buying Alborta coal nt about $4 a ton and they'te
set their retail price nt $12. Now,
who's going to yank the lid down?
O'Connor used to be good at tho game,
but he isn't allowed to play any more.
Ho didn't let the fun last long enough.
*   *   «
Papa of the Canadian Courier says,
this weok, thrtt democracy is no good as
a scrapper, and that, therefore, tho government did right to turn itsolf into an
autocracy for the period of the war.
Tie admits that we are about as autocratic ns they make 'em, right now—
ami he exults in the fact. He says that
tho administration should be the servant of tho people in peace, but not
in time of war. Ho declaros, with
tears in his eyes, that Russia was far
bdltor off under thc o#cadent autocrat
Nicholas thnn she is under Trotzky.
And he soys lots more along thc same
l'nc. According to his lights, he's
about half right, because, after all,
tl-erc is no getting away froni the fact
that this war is an autocratic war. But
if he lives a little longer, he'll find out
that democracy—the real democracy—
can also fight, whon it hns something
worth fighting for; he'll see the administration the servant of the people ALL
THE TIME; he'll maybe mark Russia
the firBt truly emancipated country in
tho world. By that time (if his heart
kn't broken first) he'll be onc of a
grent number of people whoso eycB will
be perpetually popping out of their
heads with astonishment nt the happenings about'them.
Speaking at New Westminster tho
other' day, Frank Yeigh, of tho War
ccture Bureau, declared thnt enemy
Tvopaganda is rife in Canndn. Lots of
othor people have spoken similnrly. For
instance, it was shouted nbout the
country that the Into Winnipeg strike
was organized- by pro-Germans in the
Statos. We know that that was a
filthy lie. And where thoro is one lie
there is generally a nest of them. Anyway, why tho deuce don't these talkers
speak in'concrete terms? We're nbout
nick of vague generalities, Wo'd like
ficts and truth for a change. Where-
is this enemy propaganda? If it is
"rife" surelv an occasional authenticated example could be readily pro-,
duced. I
Come to Spencer's for
Work Shirts
We have the variety, we have the low prices, too, because
practically our entire range of prices is based on the prices
paid for the garments when we bought them, in most instances
a year or more ago.
The assortment at $1.00 includes heavy double warp cham-
brays in light blue, dark blue, khaki and grey.
The assortment at $1.25 includes blue and white and black
and white drills, khaki drills, Peabody's fast blue, grey denims, etc.
The assortment at $1.50 includes drills, jeans, double warp
chambrays of the heaviest and most durable quality, tailored
to give complete satisfaction.
WORKING TROUSERS
Strong tweeds in all kinds of grey and brown stripes and
mixtures. This is the largest and best stock in town, replete
with all sizes.    Prices $2.75, $3, $3.50 and $4,50.
MEN'S BATHING SUITS 50c
Regulation style in navy only. Well made, neatly finished
and the price probably lower than you will ever buy a Bathing
Suit for again this season.   Sizes 34 to 42.   Our price 50£
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
If you haven't joined tho Federated Labor
Party, j?ot in touch with Secretary Trotter,
Room 206, Labor Tomple, or any of the vice-
presidents throughout the provinco. ***
T.B. CUTHBERTSON & 00.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
(SO QranvUIe Strut
819 Hasting, Street Weit
CLELANDDIBBLE ENGRAVING OOMPANY
Limited
PHOTO ENGRAVERS — COMMERCIAL
ARTISTS
Phone Seymour 7160
Third Floor. World Building
VANCOUVER. B. 0.
—Tho only Union Shop  ln Vancouver—*
YOU'RE    TBE    JUDQEI
of tho statement that our Office Supplies
and Stationers' Sundries stock Is tho best
in B. 0. Come ln and look ns over!
•IT vnw ST.
VIOTOBIA
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
ind
Piano Moving
Phon* tu diy or sight
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Mr. 40-M-6
Union Station
BEBT
COAL
Mined on Pacific Coast
WOOD
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fllr. 2800        1629 Main Stnet
CENTER & HANNA, Ud
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBEET
One Block west of Court Homo
Dee of Modern Chape] and
Funeral Parlors free to aU
Patrons.
Telephone Sermonr MSB
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produce! * Fine Creamy Lather
ind Doei Not Dry on the Pice
DEMAND
•♦Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured ln Britlah Columbia
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TBADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MEETS
flrat and third Thursdays. Executive)
board; Frosideot, G. J. Kelly; vico-president,
F. W. Welsh; eecretary and business agent,
V. K. Mldgley; treasurer, F. Knowles; serjeant-at-arms, J. i\ Poole; trustees: J, H.
McVoty, W. B. Trotter, A. J. Crawford, V.
A. Hoovor.
ALLIED PBINTINO TBADES  COUNCIL—
Meeta second Monday la tho mouth. President,   Oeo.  Bartley;   socretary,   R.   H.   Nee-
lands, P.O. Box 66.	
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA-
tlonal Union of America, Local No. ISO—
Moots second and .fourth Toeadaya Id ths
month. Room 206, Labor Templo. President,
L. E. Herrltt; socretary, 8. 11. Orant, 1671
BBOTHEBHOOD OF CARPENTERS, LOOAL
No. 617—Meets every second and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m.. Labor Tomple,
President, R. W. Hat ley, phone Fair. 2992L;
finanoial seoretary, 0. Thom; recording secrotary, J. R. Campbell; business agent,
Walter Thomas, Boom 208, Labor Temple.
Phono   Sey.   7*96.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKEBS
•ad Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—lleeta
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, M. A. Mc-
Eachern, 1245 Alberni St.; secretary-treasurer, AngUB Fraser, 1161 Howe St.; business
agent, J. H, Oarmlchael, doom! 212, Labor
TJMPpla. _____
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EMPLOYEES
Lunl 26—Menls overy first Wednesday in
tho month at 2.30 p.m. and evory third
Wednesday in the month at 9.80 p.m. President, Harry Wood; secrotary and business
'ngent, W. Mackenzie, Boom 209 Labor Temple. Phono Sey; 1681. Office hoars: 11 to
12   noun;   2   to  5  p.m.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
Operating Engineers, Local No. 620—
Meets every Monday, 7.80 p.m., Labor
Templo. President, J, R. Flynn, 810 Moodio
streot, New Westminster; vice-president, D.
Hodges; secretary treasurer and business
agent, W. A. Alexander, Boom 216, Labor
Templo.    Phono Sey. 7495.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 218
—Meeta ia Room 205,    Labor    Temple,
every  Monday,  8  p.m.    President,  D.  W.
MeDougall,    1162 Powell street; recording
secretary,    John  Mnrdock,    Labor Temple;
flnanclal seoretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Boom 207 Labor Temple.	
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 8852—Office and hall, 804
Pender street  west.    Meets   every  Friday,
8  p.m.     Secretary-treaaurer,    F.   Chapman;
business agent, L.  Marsh.
I. L. A., LOCAL 36-52, AUXILIARY—
(Marino Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headquarters, 152 Cordova East.
Meets first nnd third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Secretary and business agent, E. Winch.
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen'a Union, No. 648—Meets
first   and   third   Tuesdays   of   each   month,
, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, B. W.
Lane; recording socrotary, E. Lofting; financial secretary and business agent, T. W. An-
\ derson, 587 Homer streot.
P^TTEW^IAKERS' LEAGUE OP NORTH
America (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays,
Boom 204, Lnbor Temple. President, J.
Baufurth, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood EaBt;
flnnncial secretary and business agent, H. S.
Nigbtscales, 2715—56th Ave East, South Van-
. couver; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland,   3247  Point  Grey   road.    Phone   Bay-
!«<»- S979L.
SHIPYABD LABORERS, FASTENERS AND
Riggers, I. L. A., Local Union 88A, Series
5—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Tomple, 8 p.m. President, J.
.Sully; financial aeeretary, M. A'. Phelps;
1 business agent and corresponding secretary,
W. Hardy.    Office,    Room 219-220,    Labor
Temple.
STBEET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM-
! ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
Labor Temple, aecond and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. Prosidont, W. H. Cottrell;
treasurer, E. S. Cleveland; recording secretary ,A. V. Lofting, 2581 Trinity street.
Phone High. 168R; financial aeeretary and
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2400 Clark
drive, office corner Prior and Main streeta.
GENERAL. TEAMSTliRS' AND~^HAUP-
fours' Union, Local No. 655—MeetB overy
2nd nm! 4th Wednesdaya 8 p.m. President,
W. J. Brown; businoss agent, ,T. F. Poole,
416 Twenty-first avenue cast, Phono Fair.
715R; financinl secretnry, Bert Showier,
1076 Bobson street. Phone Sey. 5679.
Offlco,  587 Homer street.
(TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—Meeta
| Inst Sunday of each month at 2 p.m. President, R. Marshall; vice-president, W. H.
Jordan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands,
Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B'.1„PFDERATI,0!' 0F I-ABOR-Me*,.. la
inS? .•!?!',li?"'-ff ■** January. Executive
81° i* *1918'*!9* -P'o-i-ient, Duncan McCal*
lum, Labor Temple, Vaneouvar; vlce-preal*
iiVSriX'S,""?"    M<"><>.    Waller    fiaad,
Bhll.h..Ww'n*,i™UYlc""1*.J****!<*■. p**ta«
SaSS1' J-- «l TOoiBMon, Vancouver, E.
p..!?* W**n?* T'°""; New Weetmlneter, P.
Kff"! Weal Kootenay, Marena Martin,
awT* urow" N,,t p""' W. A. Sherman
rornle. SccrotarjMrea.urer, A. S. Welle.
Labor   Temple,   405   Dunsmuir  etreet,   Van*
VIOTOBIA. B. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES AND
Labor Council—MeetB flret and tblrd Wednesdays, Knights of Pythlae Hall, North
Park streot, at 8 p.m. Preildent, B. Sim*
mnns; vice-president, T. Dooley; secretary*
treasurer, Christian Sivertz, P. 0. Box 802.
Viotorla, B. 0.    '
PRINCE RUPERT. B. 0.
PRINOE RUPERT TRADEB AND LABOR
Counoll—Meeta aecond and fonrth Tues*
daya of eaeh month, In Carpenter,' hai).
President, S. D. Macdonald; secretary, W. E.
Thompson, Box 378, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
SOUTH WELLB.OTOK, V. 1.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 873, U. M. W. of A.-
Meets second and fourth Sundaya of eaeh
month, at 8:80 p.m., Richards Hall. Preaident, Walter Heed; vice-president, Andrew
Parker; recording aeerelarr, Jaaaea Bateman;
financial aeeretary, W. Maedonald; treaaurer. J. H. Richardson.
—rEDBBATIONIBT PHONE-
BET. 7495
APTEB 6 p,m.—SET. 749TK
1, FBIDAT. June 28, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
An Interesting
Display of
HABUTAI
SILKS
36-in. White Habutai, per
yard 75£
36-in. Washable White Habutai, per yard 85<£
36-in. Washable White or
Black Habutai; in a
heavier grade; yd. $1.10
36-in.   Washable    Habutai,
still heavier; white or black;
per yard $1.25
36-in.. Washable Habutai;
very heavy; white or
black; per yard .... $1.50
36-in. Washable Habutai, in
all shades; very heavy;
per yard $1.65
Saba Bros.
Limited
*   Vhe Silk Specialists
662 ORANVILLE STBEET
BS
UNION
TOOL
SHOP
Tested Tools for
Wage Winners
Thero haa novor beon a time in
the hiBtory of the world whon
the man who can do things—who
has expert knowledge of almost
any kind—is of so much importance to the state, and in fact
to the world in general.
Every skilled workman should be
doubly proud of bla skill and should
see to ft that ho ta not handicapped
with poor tools.
Have another look at your "kit."
You will surely flnd something that
should bo replaced. Come in and
have a talk with our Tool Expert.
JUST RECEIVED
"Mlsqult" Caulking Mallets, each $10
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
THE UNION TOOIi SHOP
331 HASTINOS STREET WEST
■J
S. T.Wallace's
Marketeria
118 HASTINGS W.
Sey. 781 and 1266
Potatoes,    extra    special,    per    half
Back Wo
B. C. New Laid Eggs, per doi. 65c
Lay ln a supply for noxt winter
at this price.
Water Class tor preserving eggs,
per tin 86c
Lemons, nice and juicy, per doi 96c
Malkln's Lemonade Powder, tln....26c
■Haspborry Vinegar, per bottle  25c
1 pkg. Custard Powder  10c
1 jar Jam    10c
1 pkg. Peppored Mustard  10c
Tha 3 for 25^
Boyal YeaBt, per pkg  6c
Salt  6 sacks <or 26c
Shaker Bait, per pkg 100
Eddy's    Silent    Matches — 1200
matches   fnr    26c
After July  1st    the    prico    of
matcht-H will double
Oet your supply early.
^      I havo just rocelvod a shipment of
fresh strawberries.   Get your preserving berries early.
Butter—Finest   government   inspected
creamery, special  3 lba. fl.60
Cheese, fin.'st Canadian, per lb 30c
B. C.  and Bt. Charles Milk, tall tins,
por   tin    12c
Jam, 2-lb.  tins for  36c
Jam, 4-lb. tins for  06c
Orange Marmalade, 4-lb. tins for 76c
MEAT DEPARTMENT
A nice lino of fresh   and   cooked
meots carried.
Mail orders shipped.
Canada Food Board License No. 8*1866
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hutlafi Itntt WM
COWAN   &   BROOKHOUSE
■PRINTERS AND PUBUSHEBS
Print.™ to Tba radaratlonlat
Taa   F.deratlonlst   Is   prodjaad   from
aal   Bsod.ru  nswspapar  prlatlnr  plant.
nJ^W®
THE LONDON GRILL;:
7$'_ robson sr
"Sinn Fein and Germany"
"Sinn Fein and Labor"
Such are the headings of a twin article in the solid British Quarterly of last
January. 'The writer of the second half
oE the article concludes that when Irelnnd class-consciously takes up the
Labor question, as he indicates she will
have to do, she will create tnaterial for
brilliant pages in the history of capital
aud labor. Her splendid fight for na*
tional rights, though in reality a bourgeois affair, may provide veterans of
heroism, discipline and tenacity in proletarian ranks. '
But the labor question in Ireland is
orly a side issue so far. Larkinism, as
a phase of tho labor struggle, is shown
to be by no means extinguished. But
thc quarrel with England comes flrst
and must bo sotted before peasant and
proletariat become fully conscious of
tho real problem.
Tho Celts of the Scottish Highlands^
ir thoir press organ, "The Highland
NewB,'' are very curiously beginning to
lisp socialistic formulas in stating their
CL'se. There are indications or'pure
'Marxian, teats being applied to the propped betterments of their lot. But as
a whole, thoy have been so crushed by
diurch and state that it would take a
resurrection to bring them to life again.
Their minds and spirits have been set
back into prehistoric cave-gloom. Their
ills .of this life aro plainly to be borne
uncomplainingly. Such saith tho word
of God, and though Christ was crucified
fur sedition, tho thought that their
masters are not God-approved is
devil's weed to be plucked from their
minds with a curse. But the Irish
Celts have not reached this stago of degeneration—not yet. Tho idea of nationality has saved the Irish. That it
will ultimately save them from extinction as a race is a question the writer
shrinks from, apprehensive of pitfalls
and prophecy, but the materialist historian could investigate it vory interestingly.
Tho writer of the Quarterly article
deals with tho pro-Germanism of Sinn
Fein. It is really not pro-Germanism.
Quoting tho Sinn Fein, he shows that
Gormany is nothing to thom in her-
self, but she is not their enemy. Englnnd is. the enemy, first, last and always. Sir Edward Carson and his band
of Ulsterites are more pro-German than
the Sinn Fein. They nre more openly
and dofiantly pro-German when the
Home Rule bill was before parliament,
accopted assistance from Gortnany
agninst British sovereignty in Ireland,
nnd who would prodicate of their attitude nnd principles that they would
not go pro-German to the limit when
It suited them! They could as readily
uso tho pica of necessity as Germany
in tho caso of Belgium, or the Allies
the seizuro of Dutch shipping.
Tlio Quarterly article records very
clearly tho prosont statuB of the idea
of Irish nationality. They claim it to
bo in a very real sense a European
western question as the Balkans and
Poland are the eastern ono. Not un-
aympathotically, the writer gives publicity to tho present development of
Sinn Fein ideas. Claiming Ireland to
bo England's demonstrated _ failure in
conquest and government, it is now a
European question to be settlod at a
congress of the powers, and the Irish
peoplo aro prepared to appeal to the
Statos and other powers to be heard it
the peaco conference. Home rule has
becomo sterilo, Sinn Fein is fertile, and
includes tho poets, prose writors and
drnmntists as opposed to tho lawyor
and politician compromisers of tho -Na-
tionnlist party. Created at first as ideal-
ins and harmless cranks, the Quarterly
writer states that "in reality, Sinn Fein
ij tho most dangerous revolutionary
movement sinco the time of the Tud
ors," an nlmost too candid admission ir
thoir favor.
A new prosperous Ireland, tho home
ngnin of arts and learning, wit nn-1
beauty is a picturo that irresistibly captures tho imagination of Irish mon and
womon nnd the bitter memory of England's blighting slindow on thoir des
troyod homes poiBons lifo for Irish ex-
ilus and their childron in overy hemisphere. It is this that makes Ireland tho
Achilles of England, hor exposed flank
iiid tho wost in time of trouble. It is
in thoir despair they turned to Gormany, who in her note of 31st January,
1917, to the United States, said:  ".   .
. . to tho principles and wishes
which sho professes belongs, in tho Htm
piece, tho right of all nations to self-
government nnd cqunl rights, nnd in (acknowledging thoso principles, she wonld
sincerely rojoico if peoples like thoso in
Irelund and India, who do not enjoy tho
blessing of independence, now enjoyed
their freedom."
To quote tho article again, it recorls
that: "English Btatesnicn will succeed
n settling the Irish question when they
.-estore to Ireland the snmo sovereign
rights they profess to bc fighting for in
th7i cases of Belgium, Scrvia and Pon
mania. To claim these rights, Ireland is
going to the poaco conference, where
Major Hill says, 'hor voico will be listened to.' No more will Irelnnd go to
thc London parliament, where they
break treaties, b.it to the peace congress
where all Europe will mnko trootios."
If tho Bolshoviki, tho British Lnbor
Party and the othor Socialist nnd Democratic parties of Europe, all moro or
less deter mi nod to have a ohnir nt the
piu.ee conforonco, realize their ftspirt*-
lion Irelnnd, indeed, mnv bo listened to
there. Even Sir Edward Carson would
then feel thnt his armour wns medieval
ind his arguments musty, and that he
waa really seeing things, like windmills,
that did not exist, when ho essays thc
rnle of statctnan.
EIGHT-HOUR DAY WTLL
EFFECT UNEMPLOYMENT
After the War ProMenu Oan lie Greatly
Reduced by Acting Today
The only adequate and rtateamanllko
remedy for the out-of-work and unemployed probloms Ib tho romedy advoea*
tod by organizod labor—thc shortonlng
of tho working day. This acts both directly and indlroctly. Tt makes a larger labor forco necessary, anc also gives
more rest and moro loisuro to those who
had been at work. Bost and loisuro at
onee operate to raise tho standard of
living— new wants aro created and to
supply these wants moro workers aro
omployod. Thos a reduction of the hours
of labor sonds a wavo of bonoflcenco
and prosperity all ovor tho eountry,
touching especially at ovory wagoear-
's door, but stimulating tho business
all legitimate employors os woll.—
> Tailor.
Washington—More than tin.OOO mus*
I tors, officers and seamen on American
morchnnt vobbcIs traversing the war
zones have boon insured by tho United
Statos govornment. This insurance totals more thun ♦115,000,000. Claims under tho insurnnce nre so fur a littlo
moro than $180,000.
MIS DENIAL
Clear Statement Is Made
by British Labor
Representative
Why there should be whnt seems like
a concerted drive to misrepresent the
position of British labor toward the war
is puzzing many. A despatch from
London containing a statment of Arthur Henderson, Labor leader in the
House of Commons, should place the
views of the majority of the workors of
Great Britain so plainly before the people of this eountry that there will be
no opportunity in the future to misrepresent their position.
It seems that a member of the American Labor mission made an announcement implying that the policy of Henderson and the party he represented had
bben very much modified, and particu-
lurly so on the question of a conference betwoen the allied and German
workers.
Arthur Henderson evidently was determined not to let this statement go
unchallenged. He states that "from
the condition laid down in a memorandum of British labor we havo not receded. Upon the conditions laid down
in that memorandum but for that purpose and that only, the allied working
class parties deBire to meet representatives of the working class movement
from the Central Empires."
This memorandum has been published
by the liberal press in this country and
practically suppressed in the reactionary papers. If it had been given the
publicity it deserves, it would not be
Sti easy to misrepresent the position of
British labor. Henderson in his statement from London again reiterates all
the points covered in the memorandum.
In it he emphasizes the uncompromising
attitudo of the allied workors toward
tho militaristic imperialists of tho Centrnl powers.
Henderson calls attention to tho fact
that the workers want no "cynical
peace on the basis of a military stalemate/' but, on the contrary, now, as
v-ben they announced thoir memorandum, they stand only for a peace of
reconciliation and understanding in harmony with the principles of international justice and thc right of nations
freoly to determine their own destinies.
Regarding the roasons for moeting
the workers of Germany, Henderson
Bays it is aB much to their advantage
to help in overthrowing the forcos of
militarism as it is to the British work-
ore.   That the allied workors will never
Throughout Canada
The Toronto Trades and Labor Council and the United Farmers of Ontario,
have both passed resolutions demanding
the release of Isaac Bainbridge, editor
of The Canadian Forward, now serving
three months in jail for making a statement to which the authorities objected.
The Winnipeg Voice is being taken,
over by the Trades and Labor Council.
It will be known as the Western Labor
News. Tke Voice took a peculiar stand
in the recent civic strike, and tho Labor
Council had to improvise a press to give
the people the facts. The strike was a
splendid and complete victory for the
wprkers.
London, Ont., garbage collectors went
otu on strike for a ten per eent. increase in wages. The city conncil
threatened them and almost precipitated
a general tie-up. The council was soon
pleased to grant the increase, not only
to the garbage collectors, but to all
other civic laborers.
Two hundred retail clerks recently
joined the Betail Clerks Association in
Montreal.
AU the unions in the City of Calgary
are behind the police who want to form
a union. Chief of Polico Cuddy opposes a unionized police force, but chief
or no chief, the men are going to it.
Tho Montreal Street Railway men
have been granted a 20 per cent, increase in wages without having to tie
up the system, which they threatened
to do. The new schedule is retroactive
from the 1st of June. The officials and
men of the union are quite jubilant.
Halifax, Nova Scotia—A new scale
has boon secured by Electrical Workers
Union No. 625, which provides for an
advance from 45 to 50 cents an hour
until December 1. Commencing with
that date, the rates will be 55 cents until May 1 next,
Toronto, Canada—Tho local union of
the United Association of Plumbers and
Steamfltters has been successful in its
negotiations with tho employers, and
has signed a two-year agreement which
provides for an increase nnd establishes
o* ■■■■■
ngree to accept. a dictated German
per.ee. That tho issues must be sottled
on the basis of a people's peaco.
This stntemont of Henderson's is npt
ti get more publicity thnn the memorandum of British larAr secured. If it
does, it will not be so easy to misrepresent tho attitude of whnt the reactionaries aro pleased to call tho
"radical elements" among the allied
peoples. A dictated German peaco
would be the greatest curse that could
be brought upon tho world. And a
people's pence would be tho greatest;
blessing thnt could descond upon a
globe drenched with the blood of millions.— N. Y. Call.
PAGE SfivUN
a dew minimum rate ot 65c an hour.
Ottawa—A union has been organized
among the 300 employees of the Na-
tional Manufacturing Company, where
munitions are being made, and practically every man has joined up.
Hamilton, Ont.—After a strike lasting four weeks, the molders and core
'makers of Hamilton and Toronto have
reached a settlement with the foundry-
men which is a victory for the strikers.
From May 1 the journeymen will receive $5.40 per day for nine hours'
work,
Montreal—Two hundred and fifty to
300 teamsters and stablemen of the Dominion Transport Company in this eity
went on strike last Thursday. They are
now receiving (2.75 a day, and are
asking for $3,50.
Ottawa Citizen: "Canada is commit-
ted to paying the C. N. B. shareholders
ten million dollars because parliament
deliberately revoked the agreerant under whieh it secured 45 millions from
the public treasury in 1914."
Both the Ottawa Eloctric Company
and its employees are hopeful that an
amicable settlement of the present wage
dispute will be arrivod at without the
necessity of the intervention of a board
of conciliation. The men are asking
for a minimum salary of 50 cents per
hour for three year men and over.
Halifax—The strike of the employees
of the Nova Scotia Steel & Coal Co, is
over. The men at a meeting unanimously decided to return to work. The company grants the men an inerease of
wages, not as much as they demanded,
but an amount they are satisfied with.
The machinists are till on strike in
Winnipeg and are holding out for 75
conts an hour, and an increase for helpers. They were fortnely getting 65c
and helpers 56c. The prevailing price
for machinists is only 55c and the union
is.staking its life on the raise.      '
The Btrike in the Willys-Overland
plant in Toronto is still on. It now includes nearly a thousand men, 100 girls,
125 tool makers, 100 machinists and
other specialists and assemblers. The
strike involves an issue it is said of female labor and wages to women, and is
likely to spread unles an agreement is
roached. The firm tried to lower the
wages of the girls from 45 eents and 35
cents an hour to 20 and 27% cents an
hour. _ Further that after a board of
conciliation had 1 een appointed a number of union men had been dismissed.
Ottawa—The board of control decided to recommend to the eity council
that a plebiscite be taken at the January elections on the quetion of the city
taking ovor the Ottawa Electric Railway at tho expiration of the company's
franchise in 1923.
The Marine Firemen & Oilers Union
is supplying its membership with copieB
of tho paper that backs up the workers
in their strugglo for existence. It is
Tho Federationist.
wmmmmmm
New Bell Art Pianos
BUILT TO LAST   A LOTETIME
THB name BELL has, for nearly fifty years,
been widely known in its association with musical
instruments of the highest class, and the aim of
the company has been, in eaoh succeeding year,
not only to sustain the high reputation already
earned, but by incessant watchfulness even in the
smallest details, to improve, and by utilizing new
inventions of merit, keep BELL pianos on the
highest plane of perfection.
There are improvements in the "New" Bell
Art Pianos, the patents of which are owned by
the manufacturers. They cannot be obtained in
other makes.
Our prices are 3425 and np.
Easy terms or cash.
Why not have good musio in your home!
Others are doing it and you can do it.
MOINTELIUS 524-528
PIANO HOUSE II? Oimnvili£ 5t.   .
U--JS-.M^-■»-1-—gJ
—_j_Zn^t____S_________S
________________________
Canadian Northern Railway
TBANSCONTOTENTAL
Lowest Possible Passenger Fares
—to—
EA8TEBN DESTINATIONS
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants
Travel Comfort
Consult Our Neareit Agent or Write
DISTBIOT PA8SBNOEB AOENT, 606 HASTINOS W., VANOOUVBB
Telephone Seymour 2488
Mile Carroll, daughter of a deeoaaed
New Tork millionaire, teje eat eannot
live on leu than 00,000 per year. And
the hu never done any awful work.
Other glrla who have to alave long
houra have to be satiated with a minimum wage of ahout »9 per week,
By a vote of Ave to one, Seattle Boilermakers Union decide* to assess eaeh
member tl to purchase stock In the Be-
Seattlo Union .Becord Publishing Co.,
the corporation formed by the Seattle
Central Labor Council to publish th*
Daily Union Becord.
Sale Opens Daily at 9:00 a. m.
X\S
^_
Factory Sale of Shoes
Shoes direct from Factory to You at Cost
"Factory Ends" they are called. Regular factory lines that are left over the usual factory selling
season. Seasonable summer footwear made by favorably known bootmakers. J. & T. Bell for
women, Slater and Hart for men, Hurlburt Welt and Buster Brown for children. The maker's
guarantee stands behind every pair and we stand behind the maker—satisfaction or money refunded.  It s a dollar saving opportunity you cannot afford to miss.
Women's Values to $7.00, Factory Sale Price
$2.85
Whilo canvas pumps, three-strapped slippers, high eut
canvas boots, and about 180 pairs of patent, gunmetal
and kid boots, lace or button. The latter in sizes to 4
only.
Women's Pump and Boot Values to $7.00,
Factory Sale Price
$4.90
Kid, calf and patent pumps, perfectly plain or Colonial
style; sport boots, dress boots, ami growing girls'
vclour boots.   •
MM
V
Children's Department
Showing   Remarkable   Values
Children's Blaok nnd Tan Leather Strop Slippers, with
a good weight -vl,*; si**** to  10.    Specially 81,15
priced at  '
r'xtrnl   Extra—Solid leather Laced Boot (or «2 95
hoys; all sir.o» lo i.   Only, the pair  v
Growing Gins'   White Canvas Mary Jam*      $2.50
Pumps   '
Misses' Mack l-alonl Mary Jam* Slippers;   S2.45
sizes 11 to 2.   Special!-- priced at   ™
Children's lila.k Patent Mary .lam* Slippers: $1.85
sises to  IO  LH.    Sp tally priced at      y».w
Misses' Black Vlo| Lid Button and Laco   $2.55
SSisIf ^£c"""v"Ti'45l0 -I*1-75
Children's White Canvas Strap Slippers; 754
sizes to 7   1
Children's and Misses' While Canvas Button $1,55
Boots.     Sises   to  H.     I'riee   "
Slles B  1*2 In 10 1*2.    Price....12.16
SISCS  11 to 2.    1'rlee  12.25
Infanta*   Fine  Black  Kid, elth-r button or      $1,15
laco; sises to 5.    Price     '
Children's   Lightweight   Blnck   Kid   Laced    $1.25
Boots;   sir.e«   7   1*2.     Price      ^
Children's   ami   Misses'   White   Canvas   Pumps,   with
an extension  elk sole;  al) sizes. SA.45
Specially priced at   T
Miss*s'   White   Canvas   High-top  Boots;   rubber  snles
and heels: regular $2.25, * $1 75
Sale price   T
Children's  and   Misses'  White  Canvas  Strap       95**}
Slippers: nil sizes.    Per pair  "
PhLdron's and Misses' Tsn Leather $1 25
Sandals: all sizes.   Per pair  T
children's and Misses' While Canvas 81,00
Sandals: all sizes..   Per pair  ™
Women's Boots to $8.00,
Factory Sale Price
$5.35
Russian calf milking hoots, ninhoga-
ny culf Bport boots, high top groy
canvas boots ant) dross boots] latost
stylos und good quality*
Men's $7.50 Boots, Factory
Sale Price
$4.90
A numbor o( models to choose from.
Gun motal Blue hor, hoavy grain leather, calf, vic| kid; Noouo soloa and
rubber hools ur loathor coles and
hoolsi conservative or lato models.
Women's $10.00 Boots
$5.65
In-re arc many distinctive modol* to *<>•
loot from. ltuHRli.ii (,'alf Sport and Drew
Hoots, Mahogany 0M Street itmtt*,
French Kid Drem, Bimti., walking Booti,
•ml two*tone combination* in gtoj, milte
nnil brown. Every <ino rrprpicnlH a tl()
value aa icon In tho *hop win- «5 OK
down daily.   Chorum your* at. .  "r**""*
Men's $9 Boots, Factory
Sale Price
$6.45
Kinontli enlf nni! Hne kid With Neolin or leuthor antes in Mnhognny OT
Malay lirmvn; blaok or tun.
INVESTIGATE-
YOU'LL SAVE
DOLLARS
Women's $16.00 Boots.
Factory Sale Price
$9.45
Finest Imported kid and calf; latest
5th Avontnj models, in groy, broWft,
ivory nnd two-tone Colors.
Men, Select from $14.00
Boots for
$985
Thore is a distinctiveness about each of
the models we offer In the lot that Is Instantly sppsront. Kvory model is exclusive nnd embodies comfort and clcKsnco
Af it hlah order, ln black, Malay, ins*
hnj*any or nl|***rr lirown. Neolin soles
and   ru 1.1. T heels.
Have You
Lame Feet?
Consult Our
Foot Specialist
FREE
Houra
3 to 5
B "The Home of Good Shoes"
ICHMDSONS
649 Hastings, vv. near granviue. PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
The Pioneer Union Store
If you need clothes be
sure you get good ones
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
are made that way, constructed of finely woven
fabrics that will last, no matter how hard you
wear them. ■   *_>-'__
Styled in models for the young man, snappy and new, or
for the older man, more conservative,
$30 to $50
CLAMAN'S CANADIAN CLOTHES
$15 to $30
"Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes"
Claman's
153 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
Limited
AT
Political Sea Is Somewhat
Agitated Over By-
Election
FBIDAT. .tune 28, 1918
Effective New
mmmer
D
resses
C.P.R. ON SHE
Men in Winnipeg Object to
Working Alongside a
Company Tool
WINNIPEG.—'' Unless olliciiils of
the C. P. R. tnko stops immediately to
settle tho striko by huving Amos Stewart removed from the Weston shops
and return all men to their former
positions, the striko committee will call
out all machinists employed on west-
cm lines of the Canadian Pacific Railway, Grand Trunk Pacific, Canadian ,
Northern, Canadian Government Rail- '
ways and Edmonton and Dun vegan
Railway linos," said R. B. Russell, business agent of the Motal Trades Workers, horo Wednesday morning. The machinists claim thut Stowtirt is a former
member of thc union who acted as a
"spotter" the entire period he was a
member.
Barely had the statement been received than word wns also received thut
the machinists, specialists and helpers
at Moose .law und ull divisional points
in Saskatchewan on the C. P. R. had
walked out. They will remain out until tlie difficulty is settled.
Unions along tho entire system from
Kenorn, Out., to Vancouver, arc taking action on the matter and it is more
than likely thut there will be a general
cessation of work by Friday morning.
The Vancouver local has taken no
action to date but is awaiting an official communication from the East.
When this arrives if it is found necessary to call a special meeting to take
action on the matter, one will be called.
Late news from  Winnipeg indicates
10
Good Programme of Sports,
and a Good Time Is
Promised
Tho Vaneonver branch of the Federated Association of Lotter Carriers is
to hold its fourth annual basket picnic
oa Saturday, July 13, at Bowen Island.
The programme of Bports is as follows:
Girls' race, five years and under
eight, 50 yards,
Boys' race, five years and under
eight, 50 yards.
Girls' race, eight years and under 14,
7ti yards.
Boys' race, eight years and under 14,
75 yards.
Gent's raco, open, 100 yards.
Ladies' race, open, 50 yards.
Members' wives race, 50 yards.
Roturned soldier .members' race, 75
yards.
Chicken chasing race, letter carriers
only.
Committee men's coat race.
Whistling event, open to all.
Refreshments. Milk, tea and sugar free.
The committee that has chargo of
tho arrangements is leaving nothing
undone that can be done to make the
affair a greater success than any previous event. Tickets may be purchased
fi om auy of the letter carriers.
Patronize B. C. FederationiBt advertisers, and tell them why you do so.
prospects of an early settlement of thc
vnrious difficulties between thc C. P. R.
and tho employees in tho Metal Trades
and Mechanical departments.
.J(uli, BHANp        ^^
ICOFFEB^
food License
No. 8*56.
IF you want good coffee,
the very best—ask for
NABOB.
Nabob Coffee is the perfect
coffee in the perfection container.
>l%9
How about
your Clothes for
Dominion Day?
In whatever manner you may spend
the day you will
want to be comfortably and befittingly
attired.
We have two and
three-piece suits in
Flannels, Serges,
Homespuns and
Cheviots, $18 and
up.
Outing Trousers
in Ducks, Flannels
and Serges, $2 and
up.
SHOP OF
mMf
Thos. Foster
& Co., Ltd.
514 Granville Street
Wind to Be Taken Out of the
Political Sails of
Old Parties
[By Tom Pooley]
The bye-election in Victoria is the
topic of thc day, tho old party politicians are spitting lire, because they
overlooked tho fact that labor intended
to havo u say in th-e election; not in the
ordinary way, oh, dear no. But in n
way entirely new and original. Of
course, you will all remember the strike,
how the politicians got in amongst the
returned men and tried to get them to
scab on tho men on strike, and how unsuccessful thoy were. A few, of course,
did, but there were quite a few scntis
who were not returned soldiers. So we
had no very big kick as far as the returned men were concerned. We must
admit they saw things from a different
point of view from thc unions. Nevertheless, the soro hns been healed, and
we aro well on tho way to prove tlie
identity of interests between the returned men and oursolvos. The politi
cians, both Liberal and Tory, have slob
bored for quite a long time ovor the re
turned soldiers; have pointed out how
they intended to du thom—I mean what
they intended to do for them if they
would only vote the old party ticket,
and so forth, and now it has been left
to the Federated Labor Party in Victoria to expose their hand. To show
how interested they wore in him, they
each held a convention and nominated
;i candidate, knowing fdll well the returned men intended to contest the seat.
The Liberals, cf course, being the more
plausible, selected a candidate who had
been to the front, n Major Langlby, a
Liberal first, and a returned soldier afterwards, thinking they would block
any more by thc returned soldiers. The
Conservatives nominated an Irish gentleman by tho name of Mr. Perry. I
know him very woll, and a very nice,
jolly old gentleman too; u mun who
moans woll, and has always a goud joke
to tell, especially if ho knows you well,
Mr. Perry, in the hands of the machine,
could do nothing for the returned
men, or any one else, if the machine
suid no. And so everything seemed to
bc going well, when lo, the Federated
Labor Party convention report came
like a bolt from thc blue. The wicked
Lnbor men had thrown it over on the
old political parties, nnd so the fat was
in the fire. A resolution was passed
at our convention to the effect that we
would not nominate n Labor candidate,
seeing the returned men were going to
nominate a man, "if they nominated u
suitable man from thc ranks." Well,
the returned men did nominate u man
from the ranks, by tho name of Giolma,
who, in my opinion, when any measure
conies tip that is for the benefit of the
common people, returned men included,
he will be there with both feet. I am
sure he is a man thut will not be
bought. I had quite a tnlk with him.
Of course, he is quite new to tho political game, but I feel with the support
that he will get from -Tim l[n\vthornth-
waite (I prefer to call him our "Jim"
in the future, as his name is so long),
the returned soldiers' case is in good
hands. Anyway, I believe it is our duty
ns long as he keeps clear of the Liberal
and Tory politicians, to help him along,
because whether we like it or not, the
returned soldier problem will be so
great that to solve it will mean the
solving of the social problem. Tn all
movements, there are men who join who
have political aspirations, and of course
we arc not exempt. We had one of that
kidney by the name of Macdonald, who
felt he would like to see himself iu the
gas house, aud forthwith jumped over
the traces, and put himself forwnrd as
Independent Sociulist candidate.
Not that hi- hus anything against ihe
returned man, but as he told me, that
he had been persecuted by Bishop Macdonald and Mr. John Hart, und he
would like to get back at them. However lie ean get bnck nt them by being
elected, I can not say, but he will hnve
no earthly chance, and will no doubt,
lose his deposit. Not only thnt, the
party held a meeting on Saturday night
and expelled him for jumping over the
traces. If the party allowed this case
to go, who knows but what we would
havo the snme kind of thing happen
very often. If a mun is not prepared
to go with the party, it is always open
to him tu resign. Well, we ure culling
n public meeting to explain our platform, und we arc inviting the returned
soldier candidate to take the platform,
to see how fnr we cun go with him.
Anywoy, we have made a start to cement a feeling of friendship between
ourselves and the returned men, and let
me sny that I believe he will be return
ed by a big mnjority, because thc returned men are working with a will.
The womon, too, they are very enthusiastic. Lot us not forget that this is
thc roturned men's first attempt, and if
their programme is not up to the standard that we would wish it, a start has
been made by thom against the old parties, and the future looks good to me.
Moderately Priced
ONE very smart model is in beach cloth in
saxe blue, with white
repp collar, novelty
pocket and belt; also
sand shade with reseda green trimmings
at ?e.75.
Novelty stripe gingham
dresses with white crossbar, novelty collar and
surplice front, $8.50.
Blue, tan or rose dress in
good quality beach cloth,
with white repp vestee
and fancy pique strappings at $9.50.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
Mr. Murrin Puts Snag in at
Last Moment as
Usual
THOUSANDS SUBSCRIBED
TO UNION DAILY
Seattle Unions Coming Through Handsomely In Support of Labor-owned
Dally  Newspaper
The Boilermukers, Shipbuilders and
Helpers Union of Seattle haB just voted
to purchase $17,000 worth of stock in
the Seattle Union Record Publishing
Company. Last week Electric Workers
No. 40 voted to subscribo $700, the
C: rpentcrs locul No. 131 $3,000, and
District No. 10 of tho United Mine
Workers of America voted $1,000 nnd
..'so .irged each local in tho district to
subscribe an amount equal to $1 for
each member, which will menn nnother
Sfl.OOO. The Brewery and Soft Drink
Workers, Garment Workers and Auto
Sheet. Metal Workers have also subscribed for ull thoir members. Many
other unions arc expected to come
through just -ftfl liberally. The company
was formed by the Central Lnbor Council for tho purpose of publishing the
rnily Union Record. The daily haB
been in ■existence two months.
Report to Be in by End of
Week or Men Will
Strike
The Conciliation Board in the Street
Railway  wnge  dispute   concluded   its
sittings on Thursday evening, and it
expected  that  the board will bring
in its findings by tTie end of the week.
Just prior to the conclusion of the
board sittings, Mr. Murrin refused to
have the section men, section foremen,
freight clerks stntion agents and janitors covered by the agreement, and in
the negotiations.
How this will affect the settlement
the men have not decided, but. if tho
compnny takes that stand, then it is
denying tho right of these men to organize, and to hnve collective bargaining, and after the experience in the
Winnipeg striko, and the action taken
there by organized labor outside of the
employees affected, when principle was
at stake, the company can only oxpect
that orgunized labor will bo bohind nny
body of men that are fighting for the
right to organize.
We would commund the statement of
Hon. T. W. Crothers to Mr. Murrin,
which is to the effect that the employers hnve no right to deny the men the
right to organize, and thnt when dealt
with fairly tho men ure usually fair and
considerate. The main point, discussed
nt the conciliation proceedings during
the week wns thc eight-ho,ir day question.
The men contend that they must
have u dnily wage bused on the eight-
hour day, nnd that there is no legitimate renson why they should bo compelled to work longer hours than nny
other workors; they also contend that
the work has been mnde more strenuous than ever by the speeding up process that hns taken place iu the last
few years.
Another thing that has made the
work more irksome is the lapsed time
between shifts, in some instnnces the
mon have to be at work at 5 or G in
the morning, and do not finish their
day's work until fi or 7 o'clock in thc
evening. This makes a vory long dny,
nnd leaves little time that can be pro
fitnbly used for recreation.
The men are demanding 40 cents per
hour us u minimum, with incronses for
length of service until the maximum
of 51 cents is reached. They ulso consider thnt in view of the incrense in
the cost of living that their demands
are very moderate.
The continued misrepresentation of
the ense by the company by stating
that the men have had two increases
in wages since the war will not tend to
any better feeling between the company nnd the men, as if they were at
all fair they should also state that the
men hnd a decrease in wages in 1015,
and that only now are some of the men
receiving the pre-war rates.
The ability of the company to pny
the increases nsked for is not the concern of the men; that must bc settled
by tin1 company itself, as must thc question of adequate fares to cover the cost
of operation, but after the light thrown
on the situation of the Street Railway
Company's affairs in Seattle hnB been
considered, they also pleading poverty,
then we can bo safe in taking tho stand
that the B. 0. B. Railway are using a
little of Ihe same camouflage.
Mr. Murrin has evidently gathered
figures from all pointB of the country
as to wages paid on other systems to
bolster up his ense, nnd hns piled up
such u muss of so-called evidence, thnt
if thc commission is to sift it all, and
it will need sifting, the board will not
be nblc to render a decision until tho
end of the yenr, but whnt cnn be gained, or hoped to be gained, by this useless matter being submitted, we ennnot
see, unless it is to cause delay. However, tho men take the stand that thc
decisions must bo reached by the end
of the week or it will be useless, as
they nre to decide at midnight. Sutur-
rlay as to future actions. They are also
In consultation with the Electrical
Workers, and tho situation is being considered from the viewpoint of the interests of both organizations.
ELECTRIC RAILWAY
II
Seattle Company's Poverty
Plea Is Fabrication
of Lies
B,
C. Electric  May  Have
Same  Brand  of
Camouflage
The B. C. Electric Railwny Company's plea of bankruptcy can readily
be taken with u grain of salt when
one considers that tho Puget Sound
Traction, Light and Powor Company,
jnst across tho border, has been making
the same plea und at tho samo time
has been advertising in the Now York
financial papers that it is mnking more
money than ever beforo in its history,
'' The adsortisement,'' says Muy or
HttiiBon of Seattle, "published in the
New York Times, must be true, because
it was for the purpose of selling $12,-
250,000 worth of sinking fund notes,
and nny misstatement of facts would
lend to a penitentiary offence."
Carpenters
The election of officers held by local
union of the United Brotherhood of
Carpenters resulted in the following being elected: President, W. McKenzie;
vice-president, Ohas, Scott; financial
socretary, Goo. Thom; recording secretary, J. R. Campbell; conductor, D. McDonald; warden, Chas. Duncan; executive committee, H. Falconer and R.
Hatleyj businoss agent, W, Thomas;
District Council delegates, R, Hatley, B.
Galo and C. Scott; Trndes Council dele
gates, G. Thom, J. R. Campbell, J. Reid,
B. Gale, J. Pough, T. Story. Ticket,
number  1510  purchased   by  A.   Burns
Expert Union Workmen-
Your Tom-the-Tailor suit is of careful
construction. It is made by union
tailors who pride themselves on their
fine workmanship, and I am proud of
the "esprit de corps" which exists
among my staff. I personally scrutinize
every garment before it goes to the
customer, but how seldom it is that I
find anything to criticize! Look at the
niceties of hand-tailoring—the buttonholes, the seams, the entire finish!
Yes, the workmanship is worthy of the
wool in every Tom-the-Tailor. And
wool is still soaring in price. Act!
Men'a Suits to
Measure  from
$35
Woimb'i
MantoUored
Suite from
$45
wbn.
632>(%A1W£LE
314H4STMSW
UNION BHOP
was the winning mimber in the recent
raffle
tools.
of the lute Jimmie  Robinson's
WIU Have Conciliation Board
Tho long standing disputo between
thc City of Victoria and its employees,
will bo referred to a conciliation bourd.
The Civic Employees Union appointed
Mr. J. Dakers, president of the Victoria
Metal Trades Council, to represent them.
The city's representative is R. F. Taylor.
The ropresentativoB of the city and
Civic Employees, failing to agree on the
chairman, Mr. W. E. Burns, of Vancouver, has been appointed by tho provincial minister of Labor.
WiU It Be Nanaimo?
Th-e Federated Labor Party is planning a Lubor Day outing, lt will have
to be at some point, convenient for tho
bulk of the membership on thc Lower
Mainland and transportation mnde easy.
Why not Nanaimo? All the Vancouver, North, South, East nud West, and
his wife, could mnke the trip. There
'would be little to prevent New Westminster and the olher points between
from being well represented.
Soutli Wellington, Ladysmith and
Victoria should be able to make the
grade, and those who know sny that
Nanaimo boys cnn be depended upon
to ensure thc success of the proposition
from tho point of "mino host." Those
miners have seen "denionslrntions" before. What about Tom West well's
band? There ure quostions enough in
these two purngruphs to start some-1
thing.
New Orleans, Lu.—Members of Electrical Workers' Union, No. 130, wore
given a substantial wage increase in the
new ugreeraont made with ubout 25 of
the lending electrical contractors and
become effective June L The new scale
is 70 cents an hour for the first year,
and 75 cents nn hour for the bocoiuI
yoar, a two-year agreement being made.
Sydney, Australia—Tho platform recommended for thc Australian Labor
Party's adoption at the coming conven
tion, includes proposals for a 40-hour
week, Snturdny being n universal holiday; an incrense of old-age pensions to
$5 a week, nnd nationalization of nil
mines. ■
Teamsters and Chauffeurs
Thirty-five new members were initiated at an extraordinary largo mooting
of tho Teamsters and Chauffeurs Union.
Presidont W. J. Brown resigned owing
to pressure of other work und W. M.
Brown was elocted in his plnce. A
mass meeting will be held next Wednesday evening in thc Labor Templo. Tho
membership pledges its loyal support
to Ihe striking bnkers.
The Price We Pay
Two workers were killed—one a mere
boy—und nnother severely injured within two days, during the past week in
the shipyards of Victoria. Stuart Paul,
aged 17, wus nlmost instantly killed and
Matthew Allen, severely scalded
through un accident on the War Noot-
ka, and Robert Hnddow, aged 48, was
killed through un accident at the same
plant. This iB the price the workers
pay on the industrial field, and ncci
dents of a liko nature are happening in
plantB all over the country, but when
the toilers ask for a little more wages
to meet the increasing cost itf living,
the "profiteers, who take no risk and live
in leisure, use nil the tactics and powers at their disposul to keep the workers grinding away at the old wnge nad
under the old conditions.
TROGADERO
- OAFE -
under new management
156 Hastings Btreet West
Phone Sey. 935
THE BEST PLACE TO EAT IN
VANCOUVEB—UNION CABD
MR. UNION MAN!
Tou owt It to yourntf to economise
Would yoa consider it economic*! to
purchase Teas nnd Coffeei in tins
wben yon may have the same value
from our store at a much reduced
price 1
THINK IT OVER
Wa Sell ln Bulk Only
Dickson's Teas and OoffMi Are of
Exceptional Velne
Dickson's Importing
Tea and Coif ee
317 Columbia St.  Phone Bey. 813
The Largest Union Store for Men in B. C.
A Union Shoe Store
Throughout
When you're buying shoes remember the support
you owe your fellow unionists.
Dick's Store Offers You
UNION SHOES
made in strictly union factories, at a
UNION STORE
where you will be served by
UNION CLERKS
Every class of shoe for men—the largest assortment of Men's
Shoes in B. C—working shoes, walking shoes, dress shoes,
outing shoes—special lines of boots for surveyors, prospectors and loggers.
These shoes are offered at a reasonable price and sold under
our guarantee—Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back."
Special attention given to
mail orders.
10%   discount  given  to
returned soldiers.
ICKUDl
33-45-47-49, Hastings St. East.

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