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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 1, 1921

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$2.50 PER YEAR
Parade on Sunday Was Biggest in History of the
Movement in Vancouver—Thousands Attend
Mass Meeting—Lessons of Winnipeg Trials
Are Driven Home by Speakers
IF COMBADE W. A. PRITCHARD thought to slip back into
Vancouver unnoticed last Saturday morning after doing —s
"bit" during the past twelve months in Manitoba, he surely
missed his guess. Any hope of that kind which may have
lingered in his mind was finally dispelled on reaching Coquitlam
with his wife and kiddies, aboard the morning train. At that
point four familiar faces hove in sight on the starboard bow—
or it may have been on the larboard watch that he spotted
them. Anyway, they climbed aboard with their respective
owners, and.after warm greetings, broke it gently to him that
ho had got to face the music.
If, during the dark dungeon days Of the past year, Pritchard
was ever tempted to think he was forgotten, that thought too
must have been entirely dispelled when he landed from the train
at Vancouver. Returned men without number, and working
men and women of all sorts and sizes, crowded the depot and
lined both sides of the street in solid phalanx, cheering as they
don't often do in Vancouver and forming a throng estimated
In thousands by the local press. One paper, which certainly has
little use for "red stuff," placed the number at seven thousand,
and though the press notices were as usual incorrect in various
particulars, those who were present will at any rate find little
cause to quarrel with the statement that the "gathering at the
depot outnumbered he people who welcomed the Prince of
Wales"—and this in a glaring headline on the front page of a
Vancouver "capitalistic daily."
The train came in sharp on time
at  9:45 a.m.,  and the flrst cheer
arose from the friends on tho platform, from which the ascont was
at once made to the bridge. .Here
another mass struggled for a grip
of "Bill's" hand, as he came smiling through, his pale face above
his fur collar at once suggesting
Manitoba's frigid clime—and other
things. Now lt was a street railwayman ln his conductor's cap,
that won out; then it would be
some other type of worker, and
for eaoh and alt, BUI had the hearty hand grip and 'the strong faced
smilo. .
"Gangway here, boys. Don't
get so excited. Tou are not the
only onea here, you know." So
sang out the tall C. P. R. constable
as to the manner born, though ln
no really unfriendly tone, and ln
Fitting Wind-up to W. A.
Pritchard Demonstration on Monday
The two social functions held
during the past week In the Pender Hall were hot only successful
In the matter of attendance but
from every point of view. The
Federatlonist dance held last Friday netted the paper about two
hundred dollars, and everybody
had a very enjoyable time.
The social which was hcl.d on
Monday to welcome Comrade
Prltchard was one of the brightest
and most enjoyable functions that
has ever been held ln Vancouver.
Members of the Socialist Party of
Canada, the Federated Labor
Party, 0. B, U. and other working
elass organizations Joined In the
celebration. When Comrade Pritchard at the request of the large
fathering took the platform for a
minute or two, the now well-known
long of the workers, The Red Flag,
waa aung moat heartily. The members of tfie committee whloh had
charge of the refreshments are to
be congratulated on the manner in
which they handled the large
crowd. Everybody had plenty of
fruit, cakes and coffee.
The following contributed to a
most enjoyable evening: Piano recital, Papsey Peter; song, Mr. Kennedy; recitation, Mr, Beard; song,
Mrs, Arnold; song, Mr. Staploton;
■ong, Mrs. Trotter; song, Miss
Klrby; song, Mrs. Brlghtwell.
Dancing waa Indulged ln until
one a.m., and when the time for the
closure arrived the crowd seemed
loath to go home, and the general
expression of opinion was that the
social gathering had been a very
fitting wind" up to the welcome tendered by the Vancouver workers tb
Comrade Prltchard from the Manitoba prison farm,
answer came the chant of womon's
"Though cowards flinch and traitors Bneer,
We'll keep the Red Flag flying
to which one motherly sold added,
"we don't care for the others.
This Is the greatest thing-that ever
Out in the street Dr. Curry's
auto waa waiting, and Into it
Prltchard and his family piled,
amid the resounding cheers. Another car blocked the way; at once
willing hands shoved it bodily
aside, and away they started for
So the some-coming party swept
along Cordova street, leaving Spencer's slaves (pardon—Spencer's
store clerks) looking down (literally, of course), on the surging
crowd, or loungers in the iiotelB
peering out and passing the word
that "Bill Prltchard" was home.
Deeply Impressed
It took about fifteen minutes for
the crowd t0 disperse and leave the
street once more In its comparatively deserted condition, The
workers did not seem to be hurrying back to their Jobs, if they had
any. Slowly and quietly they strolled away in little clusters, conversing together, and it was not hard to
realize that they were deeply impressed with the scene and keenly
mindful of the fact that the comrade now back among them, was
outstandingly one of themselves,
and for that reason, and no other,
had been made the victim of rul-
•     (Continued on page 6)
While May Day has boon set as
tbe closing dote for the raising of
$5,000 for the Foderationist, it
ahould be understood tbat we need
Trying to Force Violent
Revolution in
What the Fascistl are trying to
do In Italy, It seems, is to upset
and Interrupt a pleasant, orderly,
peaceable revolution. Under the
moderating hand of Ololtttl a process of expropriation and confiscation has been steadily under way.
Estates have been divided up
among the peasants, factories are
operating under a sort of modified worker's control, and Socialist administrations have been
elected in some 2,200 communes
and several hundred provinces.
The government has prepared an
interesting proposal for Joint control of industry by the workers
and the owners which Is now under discussion. But the Nationalists and their White Guards, the
Fascial!, are displaying a heroic
opposition to change that not only
breeds disorder from day to day
but encourages the Socialists in
their assumption that civil warfare Ib a necessary lf undesirable
element ln revolution. Gunplay
and riots and beatings are, one
might eay, the disorders of the
day in Italyr and every aat of
violence makes violence more Inevitable.—The   (N.   Y.)   Nation.
Workers Seize Plants
During Dispute With
Trade   Unions   Sanction
Move — France to
Keep Out
Paris.—The famous occupation
movement of the Italian metal
workers is being Imitated in the
duchy of Luxembourg,
In most of the great centres
of the iron and steel industries in
the duchy the foundries and blast
furnaces have beon occupied by
the strikers who have recommenced work under1 th; direction of
committees   of   shop   stewards.
A large number of mines in the
neighborhood of Dudellngen, Eseh
and Detrlgen were seized by the
The gas works, which were on
the point of being closed by order of the employers, also wore
The strike movement originated
a tew days ago on account of
the reduction of wages and the
discharge of workmen, which are
becoming general ln the French
The trade unions, with whoso
full sanction the occupation hus
been carried out, proposed an alternative scheme reducing the
hours of labor.
The Federated Trades unions of
Luxembourg have Issued an appeal to their French comrades
not to accept offers ot work in
the duchy, and the executive of
the French C. G. T. indorses the
Versailles Treaty Cause
of Revolt, Not the Help
of Russia
French invasion of the trans
Rhine region and the entente's demand for 1,000,000,000 gold marks
by March 24, produced the uprising of German Communists or
Maroh 22, according to advices received.
Proof of the havoc done In Europe by the Versailles treaty is
found ln the fact that absolutely no
surprise ls expressed here over the
Communist revolt In Germany.
And very few Informed people are
found who believe Russia applied
any direct instigation to the rebel*.
Nobody pretends that Germany
can meet the Allied demands, and
the French invasion was expected
to produce almost anything except
The uprising and general strike
advocated by the Communists has,
according to latest news despatch*
es, been put down with the aid of
troops and security police.
Help from Alberta.
George Burnham of Big Valley,
Alberta, collected $16 for the
maintenance fund and says that he
will get more. That Is the kind
of work that counts.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federationist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination League.
THURSDAY—Plasterers' Helpers and Dance, 9 to 12.
SATURDAY-Dance, 9 to 12.
Britain Faced With Another Big Industrial
British miners are not only leaving tho mines today, but are also
taking with them the engineers
and pumpmen.
This Is tho beginning of a great
battlo between capital and labor,
March 31 was the date set for tho
handing over of the mines by the
government to. tho onwers, and also
thu dato Bet by the owners for a
big slash In m'ners' wages.
Thus the onus for the present
trouble lies with both the government and the gwners. The miners
were opposed to decontrol, as laid
down by the government, and naturally to the proposal of the owners to got "back to normalcy" dating from April 1,
The government has proclaimed
a state of emergency under the emergency powers act of 1920.  .
Tho miners want the control extended to August 31, but the government has turned It down by a
big mnjoilly,
Tho executivo of the Miners Federation has Issued orders, endorsed
by tho rank and ille, to quit all
mines today, and with It goes tho
instruction for nil pumpmen and
engineers to quit also, This will
mean tho flooding of the minas,
ind Is the most serious aspect of
thu war.
Tho flrst timo the enginemen and
pumpmen were called out In any
large scale In a British coal mine
strike was during tho Lancashire
coal strike ln 1919. On that occasion tho naval men were brought in
and saved nearly all of the threatened mines, but one or two could
not be saved, and it ls understood
they have remained closed ever
Junior Labor League Will
Hold  a  Debate
April 8
With the standard set by thc O.
B. U. Women's Auxiliary at the
dane held last Friday for The Federatlonist Maintenance Fund, when,
tho ladles gathered in some $200
worth of "promises to pay" for the
fund, the Junior Labor League Is
working hard to at least equal that
splendid effort. The expense may
be greater but tho young people
want to see to ft that the surplus
for the fund ts Just as handsome a
sum as that contributed last week.
The dance tonight (Friday) .Is to
be held in Cotillion Hall, corner bf
Granville and Davie streets, the
whist drlvo starting at S o'clock,
and the danco running from 9 till
12. The big crowd of Federation'
ist boosters that turned up last
week are expected tonight, aa well
a large crowd of others who,
last week, couldn't get Into the
hall. This Is one place at least
whero the workers can and do
unite—to support their own paper.
Next. Friday, April 8, the league
will meet at the olub rooms, 62
Dufferln street west, for the educational meeting, when Mrs. Rose
Henderson is expected to address
the meeting. Six of the membera
will also debate the subject: "Resolved that the Introduction of Industrial machinery has done more
harm than good," on the same
night. The Economic class will
meet as usual noxt Sunday at 2 p.
m. In the F. L. P. hall, 148 Cordova west.
On April I, the Junior League
will celebrate Its second nnnlver-
sary at a concert and dance to ba
held that evening In the F. L. P.
hall. The concert and reports of
officers will be heard from 8 till
(Continued on Page  8)
! i
Ber Last Speech Before
Leaving for Points in
Eastern Canada
! Rose Henderson Is to speak In
Vancouver once more before leaving for a trip to Eastern Canada,
She will lecture at the Columbia
theatre next Sunday evening, i
der the auspices of the Federated
Labor Party. The subject of the
lecture will be "The Cause of Anarchy In Ireland." Mrs. Henderson
has promised to do all she can to
boost The Federatlonist, and get
others to do the same, on her way
A Correction
The article in last week's Issue
entitled '.'The Neglected Causes of
World Revolution—A Startling
Discovery" should have been ered-
Ited to the Glasgow Worker. This
credit waa inadvertently omitted
France has taken the lid off- in
New   Ex-Service   Men's
Union Is Making
The Canadian National Union of
Bx-Servlce Men is fast becoming
the largeet ex-service organisation
ln the elty, 120 new members having Joined up at the meeting .held
on the Cambie Street grounds following tho Prltchard demonstration.
Its constitution and objects ot
association have a dlroct interest
for those survivors of the late war
who are discarding the Illusion
spread before them by our masters.
The meeting on Wednesday night
was addressed by Comrades-Wells
and Kavanagh. Comrado Wells
dealt with the stories that ruling
class agencies had spread amongst
the soldiers In order to Incense
them against the workers In Industry who were attempting to keep
up the standard of living.
j Conditions had, however, cleared
away these misconceptions from
the soldiers' minds on returning
home. They then found that while
nominal wages had risen, tho real
wage had fallen and that conditions generally were becoming
worse for the class to which they
: belonged.
Comrade Kavanagh gave an outline of the various waves of Immigrants which have swept over this
northern continent, and with the
way in which tho ruling class always encouraged Immigration of
pooples with a lower standard of
living than oxlsts In this country In
order to dcprCHB wages.
He strongly urged the  elimination of all raee and color prejudice
so that as a clnss the workers may
(Continued on page t)
■ ,i.minitm ii.,.. .mnil,,in,i,
B. C. Legislature Thinks
Miners Should Produce More
Not Enough Pep Yet!
THERE is not enough pep In the way the supporters
of the Federationist are going after the money needed
to put thc paper on its feet.; We realize that there are
many out of work, but there are many in jobs that have
not yet contributed, and tbp'o is only 30 days left in
wliich to raise the balance o'f the amount wc set out to
There is only onc alternative. If wc cannot got the
monoy we will have to cut down thc service and the usefulness of the paper correspondingly, Surely in these
days when there is every appearance of the struggle becoming keener, the workers will rise to thc occasion.
Subs arc boing sent in faster than ever before in the
history of thc paper, but we need thc donation's in tho
worBt way. May we hope for greater results in the coming days. There is but little time left. Oct in and dig.
— little more pep will bring the money.
Must Mine Coal and Boost
the Profits of
The Legislature turned down
Tom Uphill's amendment to the
Coal.Mines Regulation Act to cut
the working day in the mines from
8 to 6 hours, nfter the Hon.Wllllnm
Sloan, minister of mines, explained
to the House that British Colum
bla already has thc shortest work
log day, and that most miners actually work only 6U hours on an
average, as they are allowed the
time lt takes them ln getting to
their face.
"It Is always recognized that men
in a mine are entitled to a shorter
working time than men working on
the surface," said Mr. Uphill. "Six
hours Is ample tor any man to
work ln a mine. The dust, the
breaths from the horses and individuals, the fact that there are no
sanitary arrangements and that
several hundreds of men in a narrow placo have to breathe all theso
odors and the bad air of the mine,
make six hours ample."
Mr. Uphill said he admitted that
there ls something in the argument that B. C. cannot adopt the
shorter .hour while other provinces
and neighboring states hang back.
More Than Enough Miners
"But if thc province of British
Columbia prides itself ln being In
the vanguard In labor legislation
then It cannot do any harm In
pasBlng this," Mr. Uphill went on.
He predicted that the shorter
day would not mean decreased output.
'There are enough miners here
who, working six hours a day and
four days a week to produce all
the coal required," he went on.
"Whether we like lt or not because
of the Improvements in machinery
the periods of unemployment aro
coming at shorter lntorvals."
(Continued on page 3)
In Speech in British House of Commons Labof
Member Shows How Railwaymen Leaving: Their
Posts Were Shot in Cold Blood—Speech Did
Not Appear in the Press
FBOM the reports in the daily press it would appear that tht
members of the Sinn Fein are carrying .on a reign oi terror
in' Ireland. • All is not, however, told in the press. like other
news, the Irish news is doctored to suit the occasion. No one
w;U accuse J. H. Thomas, head of the Rallwaymen's Union and
Labor member of the British House of Commons,-with'being.*
radical. In fact he has been accused of being a reactionary,
Yet in a speech in the House of Commons ou February 15 he
made such a damning indictment of the methods employed by
the authorities in Ireland that the press suppressed it. He told
of how railwaymfti while still on duty, or just leaving their •
posts, were shot in cold blood His speech au reported in the
Glasgow Forward is as follows:
"On 20th January, Captain
King and his wife were shot at
near  Mallow  Statlonl    The  wife,
in her anxiety to save hpr husband, rushcd.ln front of him, with
the, result- that she was shot and
died the next morning, and 1 understand Captain King was severely wounded. Whoever was guilty
of the crime, there is no punishment too severe for him. We need
not mince words about sympathy
of any sort or kind, because I have
no sympathy for anyone, Irish or
English, who would cruelly murder a woman as this woman was
murdered. I dissociate myself,
and every member of our parlj,
entirely from sympathy with this
outrage. Those are lho facts of
the case. What teKowsl In Ireland at present, where\or the curfew Ib in existence, any employee
or employer who Is called upon to
work in curfew hcurs is subjoct to
punishment as if he was trespas-
slrg. Suppose &n engine- driver
runs into Mallow Station, and arrives at 8.10. at*, night. . He has
brought his passengers safe into
the station, the engine ls taken to
the shed, and he gets to the shed
at 8.30. That man must stay on
the premises all night because he
dare not go home owing to the
curfew. If a signalman finishes
at 8.10 at night, which is ten
minutes after curfew, he must
stop In his signal-box because he
dare not go home. I want thc
House to get that fact clearly in
mind, because it Is the basis of
everything that has taken place
at Mallow.'
Rallwaymen Shot
The day after Mrs. King was
shot a signalman, named Thomas
Moylan, finished work at 8.SO,
half-an-hour after curfew. He
was unable to go home, and must
remain in the signal-box. He was
in the signal-box at 10.20 p.m.,
when he heard shots fired. A few
minutes later some policemen came
to the signal-box door and demanded it to be opened. Upon
entering the box they ordered
Moylan and the others to put up
their hands, and searched them.
Thoy were then ordered to go to
the platform of thc station and to
stand with their backs to the wall
and with their hands up while
the police levelled their rifles at
them. Tho police then said "that'
a woman had been shot, that
they had done it, and that if she
died 15 railwayman would be shot
for it. At 11 o'clock the police
marched the men to the barracks,
with their hands above their.
heads. Let it be remembered that
these were railwaymen on duty,
railwaymen taken from their poatg
while discharging their duty.
Amongs the six men were Moylan,
Gyves, and Signalman - Hayes,
They were searched five times in
two different cells, Between 3 and
4 o'clock In the morning the occupants of Moylan's cell were
taken out to a military motor, ami
after being beaten by the police
with fists, revolvers, and rifles,
they were told to go and carry
the dead body of a woman.to a
lower cell. On returning they
were again beaten by rifles and
revolvers, and detained in the cells
till 9.45. They were ten told to
run, and while running they were
shot at. Three were shot dead
when running. (Hon. Members:
"Shame!") That is not all. The
lady in charge .of the refreshment room stated that the police
and solders broke nto-the staton
refreshment room, took every
scrap of food and spirits in the
refreshment room, and started firing In the refreshment room. The
bullet marks in the refreshment
(Continued on page 3)
Twin    Cities    Building:
Workers Resent Treatment of Finns
At the last meeting (March 22)
of the Twin Cities Building Trades
Unit of the One Big Union Carpenters, tho following resolution
was passed, and Instructions issued
that a copy of the samo bo forwarded to Tho Federatlonist:
'Resolved, That In as much as
the workers of Finland gained a
majority of scats in the Finnish
parliament, and were perfectly
content to bide their timo to educate and organize to gain this majority, 'constitutionally,' and nt no
time resorted to 'force,' nnd by the
brutal application of soldiery and
foreign bayonets were successful In
overthrowing tho workers' parliament, after which a 'white roign of
terror' has been instlttued by the
capitalist Interests, during whicli
tho workers havo been unmercifully persecuted, beyond tho power
of human ingenuity to describe.
"Therefore, the Building Trades
Unit of tho One Big Union of Fort
William and Port Arthur, protests
against this rightful abortion of
capitalistic treachery and brutality, and demands that the workers
bo at onco restored to tho position
of power which thoy gained In all
good faith, and In perfect accordance with the stacked cards of the
capitalistic regime,
"And finally, -wo thus support
the working class of Finland for
tho reason that their victory Is also
a victory of tbo International-
working class movement for freodom, and thcir success will bc one
moro link for the working class
world freedom from capitalistic exploitation,
Ships Tons of Hospital
Soap to Soviet
Chicago.—Eight tons of hospital soup have been shipped from
Chicago direct to Moscow "by the
American Red Star League of
Chicago. This was the first carload shipment of any kind from
Chicago to Russia since the revolution of 1917. Tht shipment consisting 0f 17,000 pounds made up
In five-pound bars, was tlie first
result of the coast-to-coast trip of
Lincoln Steffens, lecturer and
Journalist, under the auspices of
tho American Rod Star League.
Another carload will bo sent In
"Tho Rod Star Leaguo should
not be confused with any other
relief organization," snld Irwin St.
John Tucker, organiser of the
league. "We are not confining
our efforts tn Russia, but aro
seeking to establish a world-wide
relief organisation for tho working class wherever its members
are ln need. Hungary, froland
and American striko sufferers will
be aided to the best 0f our ability.
Among the members of the
national committee nro Frank P.
Walsh, Morris Hlllqult, James H.
Maurer, W. H. Johnston, Upton
Sinclair, John Haynes Holmes
and   other   prominent   Americans.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Americans Also Slated for
25 per cent Cut in
Wage Scale
(By The Federated Press.)
Washington.—J. Havelock Wilson, head of the British Sailors'
and Firemen's Union, has cabled
Andrew Furuseth, president of the
International Seamen's Union of
America, here, that the British
shipowners, at a conference
March Hi agreed to postpone for
a month the enforcement of the
proposed reduction of about, 33
per cent in wages on British ships. •
Wages are reduced 4 1-2 pounds-
per month for all hands. Common sailors wero getting 14 1-2
pounds per month.
Furuseth, alluding to the fact
that the American Steamship Association hus proposed a 25 per
cent cut in wages on American
ships, said that It was "marvelous that the British and the
American shipowners should be
in such complete harmony without ever having conferred with
each other."
While thc offices of the British
union believe that they will be
able to save their position and
their wages without resorting to
a st rlke, nevertheless they will
take n strike voto as a precautionary measure. The shipowners are hopeful that In the event
of a walkout they may man their
ships with the tens of thousands
of negro nnd Arab Sailors who
wero trained during the war, and
who now arc unemployed.
Meantime a referendum ls being taken in the British union on
Havelock Wilson, which has been
demanded by tho Liverpool
branch of the organization on tho
ground that Wilson is a reactionary and out of touch with the
seamen's needs. Wilson has ae-
ceptcd the challenge and sent out
a ballot to settlo the question.
Rehire making n purchase, look
up onr list of advertisers on pnge 7,
and then patronize ono of them,
and by m (loins give The Federation Im, a ItooKt.
In Aid of tho Fedcrntion 1st Maintenance Fnnd
Tonight (Friday,) April 1st, 1921
Whist at 8:15 Dancing • to 12
OENTS, 600, LADIES, 25e.
Tickets can bo obtained from any member of the Junior Labor
League or at  the Federatlonist  Olllce.
-■—!■■«..I«l..» I | ma*a I it:» •S~SS"S-**>-S»S"*r-9"S»S"S"t"S* litis iwu
thirteenth YEAH, no. u    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST ~ Vancouver, b. a
Do you remember the
teeth of your youth—
before the action of decay lost them to you? Tho
charm of a youthful appearance can be preserved by
Expression Teeth—experience and special facilities
for doing this work enable me to attain wonderful
results. Closely as I approach nature in matching
the exact size and tint of your original teeth, ita
power to correct the lines of feature is even more
remarkable.   Let me explain my specialty.
Tb* construction of tbii work
ltt ny own laboratory onaurei
tb* individual touch essential
to perfect roaulu, Tben, too, 2
can determine th* condition of
jrosr teeth by X-Ray methods—
together with th* moat ap*
- proved torun of anaesthesia for
th* allegation of pain.
Corner Seymour
Ode. Open Tuesday and Frljkf
DB. BRETT AMDKBSOIC,  braarlr mra... of Ik. r.cullr ef tk.
Collate ol D.nllitrr, Dnlr.riltr of 8outh.ni California, Loctuer
oi Crown ud I)rld,.w-.k, Dmoumior in PUMwork ud Optra-
Un Dutlitry, Loast ui Oiual Adi.h_.iI_.
This is a reproduction of the official receipt
that is being issued by the B. C. Federationist,
Ltd., for the maintenance fund:
#5   British Columbia Federationist   $5
-7XHIS ii an acknowledgment thit live Pram hit eon.
V tributed tke turn oi FiV* DoB«i($5.00) to aid it
wiping out tht indebtedness of tht B.C. Federations!;
increase iti field of operation.; defend Labor in die every
day Druggie and to become a bigger and mora powerful
Am    Worken' Newi ud Propaganda Paper    £_
Fresh OM Rowan, funeral Designs, Weaning Bouqn eta, pot Planta
Ornamental anl Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulla, Rorlrte' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
U Hutinga Street Sail 728 OranvUle Straal
Seymou 988-678 Seymonr 0SIS
(Official Organ of tha Winnipeg Central Labor Oonneil)
Subscription rate $2.00 per year. Fprelgn, $2.50
Cheques, money ordera and postal notes ahould be made payi
able to the Winnipeg Central Labor Council.
Bend remittances to "One Big Cnlon Bulletin," Boom 7 Strang
Block, UB Main Street, Winnipeg, Man.
ttt twenty years we hm Unad tus Unloa sum. for an under ou
Faaoefel OeUesUi* Bwiauina
rorUda Botk strikaa and Xi-ckeita
DUpnln ■ ettlad kjr Arbitration
Steady Beoloymut ud Skillod Werkauaasli
l-rasy. Dellvertae te Dealers sad Faille
Fates snd Snc.ui te Worksrs aad laaployen
Prosperity ef Bhte HSklnf ffommnnltlaa
As lersl anion aaa tad venae, wa tak
yst te imanA theee tatrlai  tkt   abtee
Ualea lump ea Sola, insela er Idaiaf.
OaUla Lately, Oeneral Prealdeat   Oharlss *_ atlas, Oeneral Sac-Trass.
The M.T.I Loggers' Boot
Htll ordera personally ittendtd le
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Are Tboroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS * SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phon. Seymour SSS Repairs Don. While Yon Walt
10 Sub. Cards
Qofd for ont ytar'i inbioriptloa to TIF*
B. 0. Federationlit, will ba malted M
sny address la Canada for 922.60
(flood ujrwhara oatalda of Vancotmr
tity.) Order ten today. "Remit when sold.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows tbat cheap gooda can only be procured
by using oheap materials and employing oheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
►-Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
.:Aprll I,
Peons Are Making and
Unmaking Many
(By Paul Hapna, Federated Press
Start Correspondent)
Mexico City—Yucatan overthrew
Carranza. That is to say, when
Carranza sent His troops into Yucatan and utterly destroyed its So-
clallst-peadant-co-operative regime
he proved to the workers and
peons of all Mexico that he was an
enemy of the producers. One year
later Carranza >vas driven out of
Mexico City and killed by his own
Many liberals In tho United
States still have a pretty good opinion of Carranza. Well, many liberals in Mexico still have A high
opinion, of Woodrow Wilson. My
impression, formed since I came
here, is that the two men wero
very much alike. They both possessed the highest ideals, They
were eloquent disciples of -liberty.
Neithor one could tolerate an opposite opinion. Both of (hem imprisoned men for disagreeing with
them. Both coveted a high.place
in history and both were repudiated
by their own people.
After he had' mopped up the
peasants and workmen of Yucatan
the old "First Chief* thought he
would be free to save Mexico in his
own benign and superior way. A
next step ln Mexico's salvation was
to bo the election of Bonillas to
sucoeed Carranza, But the organized workers of Mexico City and
other towns were so enraged by
the way Yucatan had been turned
into an "Ireland" by the- military
that they began demonstrations
against Carranza and all his workr.
This made Carranza as mad as
Wilson was when the country elected a Republican senate ln 1918.
. He was still president, and he
would give the mob another lesson.. ' Troops were called upon
again, and the Labor unions all
suppressed. That is,.all thermions
Carranza could reach were. suppressed. Some of them he couldn't
reach. Most important of alt, he
couldn't reach the Yaqui workers
and peons of Sonora.
Flutarco Ellas Calles was governor, of Sonora. And Adolfo de
la Huerta agreed with Calles and
was his peer in the admiration of
Sonora. Carranza,knew these two
men and their compact followers
must be destroyed. So he ordered
mobilization against Sonora, whose
government he called disloyal.
Sonora's answer was this: "Let
the blood bo upon Carranza's head.
He has declared war. We call upon the workers and peons of the
whole republic to Join with us."
There might have been a long civil
war lf Carranza had not fixed lt ln
advance. He had shown his hand
so clearly in Yucatan and against
the unions that the whole country
flopped to t)e la Huerta and Calles.
After serving his term as provisional president, Pe la Huerta Is
now minister of finance, while Calles Is prime minister and minister
of the Interior.
At this moment Calles Is in Yucatan receiving continuous ovations from the workers there,'
whose co-operatives have been
fully restored, along with all thef*
other advantages as free producers. Some details of Calles' visit
to Yucatan are reported in Mexico
City papers. I quote from a dispatch descriptive of Oeneral Calles*
address at Merlda, capital of Yucatan, on Febrnary 20:
"Oeneral Calles declared that
before being a minister he .was a
revolutionist, a title which he
Would not exchange for any other
In the course of his peroration, he
said the reactionary press callod
him a Bolshevik, as if that were
an Insult, whereas he desired
every one to know that he was of
the party of the proletariat, and
believed the programme of the Socialist Party would save humanity."
In-presenting Calles to the audience a leader of the Yucatan Socialist Party Baid the principles of
his party had won champions in
every part of the republic, "as witness the leadership of Agulrre Colorado ln Tobasco, Quadelupe Sanchez In Vera Cruz and Calles In Sonora."
In Yucatan a "Socialist" Is a
man who has procured from the
revolution a-pteoe of land that he
can call his own and who cherishes
hifr red card as the symbol of his
membership ln an organization
which gave htm the land and will
flght to help him retain it. TheBe
peons shouted for Calles because
he endorsed their party and Its
In hopeful Labor circles one Is
told that Plutaroo Ellas Calles will
be the next president of Mexico.
That is ^dangerous prophecy, because tlie next election is nearly
six years away. But if foreign Interventionists permit, and the
choice of the peoplo prevails, Calles has a better chance than anyone else now ln sight.
Studies in the Evolution of Man
******     ****** ..   ******     ******
The Origin and Evolution of the Gods
Where is your Union button?
"Tha rise and set of sun, .the
birth and death of day,, rain and
snow, the shroud of winter and the
many colored robes of spring, the
serpent lightning and the thundor's
voico, earthquake and strange
eclipse, frost and tl're, the marvels
of the earth and air, the perfumed
flower, the painted wing, the wave?
less pool which bears . within lta
magic breast the mirror, of tho
startled face and the inverted sky.
the mimic echo, tho pathless forest
and tho boundless .deep, the qbb
and flow of tides, the miracle-of
birth, the mystery of dreamt and
death, and over all, the silent and
Immeasutfeble dome—these- were
the warp.and woof, and at Wie
looin sat love and fancy,'hope and
fear and wove those _ wondrous
tapestries whero in we. flnd pictures of gods and fairyland,. and
all the legends that were'tohl
where nature rocked the cradle of
the infant world."
This was one of the readings'
given by Dr. Curry on Monday tho
21st of March, and these 'natural
forces and conditions Were u. the
Warp and woof put of which prima*'
tive man created his gods; sand
devils, his heavens and hells-^mantf
of which are still with us. 'HWti vi
■ Herbert Spencer was the flrrifr W
push tho "Ghost theory" as' th*
prime cause of belief in a spirit
world. .   joti.
This beginning of religion*'v«o>
matter how crude and mistfckeiV
marked an epoch In mbntift
growth. i
The god explanation of iflieno-
mena meant the man hnd beguKPfifr
enquire into the cause of MAngs!
Unfortunately for the god th^ory^
its natural tendency -Is to b* flx<4*
or reactionary. It is eveH?th#
brake on the wheels of pHrogtcost,'*
and yet in spite of this, religion-is
today undergoing a mighty trans''
formation, If It is notehangtntflti
something else. * ■ ' &*'■
When Dreams Were BelieyWI Real
The gods and.ghosts evolved not
directly from forces of nature -outside of man, but are the product,
first bf dreams and later were attached to objects and forces.
When we sleep, we dneani of
places, and people, of objects anil
conditions Which, however ridiculous and Impossible, at the time we
Sleep seem quite real and/reasonable. One feature of the dream-
mind or sub-conscious mind, Is
that It cannot reason inductively.
Thts is the mind whloh is operating In hypnotic subjects.- The
mind which sees Tats or snakes or
devils in visions of delirium
through alcohol or fever.
We now know much re the psychology of dreams, and we know
things we see thero have* no.'ob;
jective reality thoy are purely subjective. They exist only in btir
brain;   ■': ";     ;/ :  *f\
Byt to our ancestors who first
made the gods and ghosts.the experience In dreams were realities
and seeing tn the dreams their
dead friends produced the belief
that these dead people were after
all, alive ln a spirit form.
Tho savage believed that' whefa'
he slept, his spirit could leave the
body and travel around, and when
they died the spirit did not dome
back to the body, but lived on In
another plane, and this belief is
still common among us.
Ancestor Worship
In dreams the spirits of the dead
wore even more active and powerful than whon theso people were
living, and the ohlefs of the tribes
when dead were the greater ghosts,
and In time became the tribal gods.
When tribes grew to nations and
nations to empires, the gods grew
Tho established Church of jUnoy
land has a prnyer for the 'kirfct'''iij;
which Ood Is termed "Kink 'W
Kings, and Lo'-rd of Lords."    *',a *'
Grant Allitn, in Ws work, "IM
Evolution of the Idea of Goti,**
shows us how churches and 'fe'm-
ples evolved from the tombs of this
dead. "Christianity," he says'.;;U,l3
linked into ancestor worship by/alf
tars, relics and invocation; '"bi
saints." * . '-b[t'i/1
The savage knows nothing.'of
natural forces or of the sequ^Acilt
of cause and effects. He believed.
the spirits of his friends or enemies had a direct Influence oVei;
him through what we now knoW
to be natural forces. The light-'
ning and thunder tempest plnjj'ije'
or famine were the direct ffffly>
ence? of these ghosts or gods, and,
in the Church Prayer Book, there
-is still a prayer for rain.
The Priesthood
The chiefs or medicine men were
naturally the flrst priests, since
they had more influence over these
."si-irl'ts," whom these childron of
our race could see In the clouds,.
and hear In the winds and voices
of nature. '.-■■.)
In time this business of supplicating tho spirits by prayer or offerings and sacrifices bocame ths
duty of specialists, and today we
have millions of priests and preachers who carry on this work. If
not luxury, lt at least means ease
and Influence. Sacred wells and
Bhrines   are   tfupposed  to   be ,the
special haunts of the spirits of ths
saints of especially holy or powerful spirits, and keeping people
from hell or releasing them from
purgatory has boen and still is the
source of enormous revenuo for
tlie church*
Religion tbe Opium of the People
Deep In the stone door posts of
certain cathedrals in Russia, the
Revolutionists have engraved the
above text. Religion is perpetuated because it ls the way the priesthood; a large and powerful class,
gain tbeir living, and becauso superstition with Its. fears and hopes,
19 a powerful factor ln perpetuating economio servitude. It was so.
under chattel slavery, and under
the power of the Feudal church,
and It Is today a support of capitalism.
Tlio Evolution of tlio Bible God
In that complication of documents .known as the Bible, we see
the evolution of the idea of God
operating.. The God of Noah, of
'Abraham^ Isaac and, Jacob .waff ah
easy term with theso patriarchs,
eating meat- with one, wrestling
with another, often coming down
jto see how things were going, a
Jealous, revengeful, brutal and ignorant conception made by savage
men In their, own image.
'"We see a stoady development,
and some improvement in Jehovah.
At first he commanded elaborate
[ceremonies and sacrifices of lambs,
boils and goats, etc. Later he declared -burnt offerings, "an abomination." He wanted Justice and
imercy, while the conception of
Jesus was that God was the unus-
jual spirit of truth and mercy, a
.vastly higher conception than the
war god, worshipped by the empires, by the priesthood and their
dupes of today.' He was the god
of Communism.' What could the
Nazarlne liave thought of the war
(lemo"ft worshipped by the war
lords and profiteers of today.
Demobilized Red soldiers of the
Moscow district have passed thn
following . resolution: "Returning
to civil life, we solemnly pledge
ourselves to aid In the industrial
and eoonomlo development of the
Socialist mother oountry. Should
the, workers' and peasants' government.need us again for defense,
we will report at the first call."
The foremost artists of the Moscow opera and stage will render a
special programme commemorat-,
ing the anniversary of the great
Ukrainian poet, Shevtchenko,
The Petrograd Economic' council
IS preparing to construct buildings
and improvements on Soviet farms
ln the'Petrograd Province wtth tht
opening of the spring season. A
special woodsawing train has been
outfitted at Petrograd to carry a
crew of workers to the foreBt regions. The train ls fully fitted with
the necessary tools and ls equipped
with all comforts for the workers.
A report from Moscow tells o.
the issuing of an announcement bj
the Russian Commissariat for
Health t0 the effect that "necessary abortions" will be performed
freo by the doctors ln the district
hospitals, but that such operations
for private gain, will be at the risk
of punishment of tbe doctors concerned.
Bound by steel bonds of ruthless-
ness and might,
She Ptransllng, ..Tithes In agony
and pain;
While, vandals, Huns, with baleful
■   creed; their blight
1 Doth   cast,   with   subtle   breath
upon her name.
Her virgin body flayed by callousness and hate.
f, Her plenteous breoBts this thing
jj        doth seize
With vicious avaraclousness; this
, ghoul incarnate;
j That ravishes and loots, Its lustful hunger to appease.
'      -      ■ i
Ifer verdant pastures peaceful, now
bespattered; __.
[ i With blood of patriot and gore
of he
Who with grim, brute ferocity hath
All noble principles of she who
would be free.
Her spirit yet undaunted, stilt defying
The  massed   formation   of the
hordes of hell.
Her liberty though challenged, yet
Will   yet  pervade  this  land  of
lake and dell,       ,
Her chastity though outraged, yet
so pure
WIU lauded he some day, with
voice and lyre.
And these foul acts In guise of lawful contour
WlU   relegated   be,   to   funeral
__T. F. M.
A War-Time Act That
Sent Thousands
to Jail
One of the last acts of President
Wilson was the signature of a resolution repealing tho amendment
to the Espionage Act that was passed on May 18, 1018. The Espionage Act itself remains, in a state
of suspension, until the next war
automatically revives it, but the
amendment, which, to say the
loast, was so widely at variance
with American traditions, has bapn
wiped off the books. Wo must be
thankful for that. At least it Is a
step In the right diretcion. The
amendment wa*f a typical product
of war hysteria. Let us recall some
of its phraseology. Under Its provisions a fine of $10,000 or twenty
years imprisonment or both faced
any one who, while the United
States was at war, should "wilfully utter, print, Write or publish
any disloyal, profane, scurrilous or
abusive language about the form
of government of the United States
or the Constitution. , . or the
military and naval forces. . .
or the flag of the United States .
. . or any language Intended to
bring the form of government of
tho United States . . or the-flag
. , or the uniform . . . into eon-
tempt, scorn, contumely or disrepute ... or suggest the doing of
any of the acts or things . ■ enumerated. . ."—The New Republic.
Somo merchants In town do not
think your custom Is much use to
them, or they would advertise their
wares, in The Federatlonist to securo your trade. Remember tills
when you aro about to make a purchase.
If you want, some sample copies
of this paper for your neighbors,
call  around  to tho  offlco and get
Not all were
There are still a number et
Suito, Coata and Dream
greatly reduced.
BUT ee comparatively (aw that (hart la no n.ad of holdtafaa
extra, aale—wi want to clear tham quickly—the prloea an
even lower In aome ooaea than our Month-Bnil Special*
•'' All garmenta are ln new aprlzu. materials—smartly atyled. Com*
and aee hundreds of other apeolal Famoua Values.
Near Oranrille
The United States Treasury Department
Refuses to Accept "Bolshevist Gold"
More thin TEN MILLION people of Soviet Rusaia and
Soviet Ukraine must suffer, and thousand! muat die, due
to their refusal to sell medicaments to tha Soviet Government.
Can you contribute $10,000.00 per month towards medical relief for the Soviet Republic.
Fledge $1.00 per month immediately and do your "bit"
Tear this out and mall to the Secretary.
March .
Secrotary, Medical Relief Committee
for Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine.
Box 3691, station B. Wlnnlpec, Man.
Fellow 'Worker:
Realizing tha urgent necessity of sanding medical -applies
to our stricken comrades of Soviet Rusaia and Soviet Ukraine.
I Pledge to contribute ONS DOLLAR per month towards purchase and shipment of such supplies by your committee.
Fraternally youn,
At leaat two  membera of tha
working olass have' realized that It
takes more than wishes to get The
Federatlonist out of the position It
is in today.   With little difference,
two workera sent ln the opinion
expressed In the following letter:
Dear Comrade—Herewith  a
amall donation to Tho Federatlonist   fund;   999   Ilka   myself
ought to make up th'e amount
required.  Surely that number ot
workers with a job can be found.
If not, you may as well close up.
The letter was valuable, but the
enclosures were more appreciated,
as both writers enclosed tha satn
of to, whloh speaks mueh man
fluently than words. Nina hundred
and ninety-nine 15 bills are noedet
surely some members of the working olasa think that The Federatlonist' la worth that amount
Whea theN Is a fight on the mam.
who gets In and digs Is the one thai
we Uke. Get to now and dig, by
patronising The Federatlonist advertisers.
Help the Fed. by helping our
When You Need-
can supply all youi Printing
needi. No Job too large or
too imall. Fint-claii workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printer! a, reputation (or     ,
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Pricei are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Mail Orders Promptly Executed
Oor. Homer and Pender Streets, Vancouver, B. 0. ;FHIDAT..„B™.........'April .1, i»»
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Workers' Department of the One Big Union
Camp Reports
Ttae members In A. C. Ry. Mile
US (via Soo, Ont.) camp have
deolded to rejeot the credentials
of Mattl Koski Del No. 1477 on
aooount of his actions against the
rules and regulations of the organization. In plain words, M.
Koski went to the camp as a
■cab, after being present ln the
meeting where the members de-
elded to call a strike in the said
oamp. I have written to Koski
but have received no answer.
Members, look out for this scrab-
by soul and have no dealings with
htm. Also his credentials and
supplies should be taken away
wherever you meet him. Anyone who willfully disregards the
ruling of the rank and flle, and
ao forgets the principles to such
an extent, Is not fit to be a member In the organisation. Men of
that charaoter have no spine, ahd
therefore belong to the class of
In camp A..C. R. Mile 148 (via
Boo, Ont.) the soale of wages and
hours In the coming drive was
taken under dlsousslon with the following results: by a vote of 81
lor, and 10 against a 16 per I-
hour day, but after the vote waa
taken, all tha members unanimously deoidad to go aftsr these
Take this up In your next eamp
meeting, and lets have a united
front to meet the bosses, ■ for
they'll surely' step on us If wa are
not solidly organised into a union
covering the whole Industry. The
bosses have their Industrial unions,
ohambera of commerce, empoylers
and manufacturers' associations,
eto. That Is why they are on the
top. Why not the same for the
workera? Why not, Don't forget 'They will do anything, but
get off of your back," so lets get
down to business and see to tt,
that they will get off, and- atay
off. By organising Industrially
we are building a structure for
the future also, a union that will
weather the storm, and be able to
function after the storm.
Members beware! There are a
oouple of snakes ln Sudbury, who
are reported to be collecting dues
for the O. B. U. without any ere
dentlals or receipt books. They
are using a pocket memorandum
book for tho purpoae.) Rave
nothing to do with any one without an official receipt book asd
delegatea credentials, and see to
H that the credentials have not
Yours for Solidarity,
Sudbury  District,  Secy,
Industrial union ln the Industry
that you are working in, or lf
you are not on a job,, you can
change to what Industry you'll
start work ln. It la up to you to
build up -the organisation, rank
and flle, and through your organized strength put the brakes
on this unequal distribution of
the products that you only Cave
taken  part  ln  producing.
Don't forget what the labor
fakers of the old craft unions
have done to you ln past, and
they are still using the same
cloroform, that "yours and the
bosses Interests are the same." If
they are, then why ln heck don't
they give you part of the profits
that they made on account of the
high prices during the war, while
you and yours were cutting out
this, and cutting out that, In order to keep the boys "over there"
for the protection of democracy
against the ferocious Hun. Now
that you have got "democracy,"
what are you going to do with
It? You can't eat It, and eat you
muat ln o'rder to live. Take a forward step yourself, and - don't
wait for some Moses to come and
lead you. Join tho One - Big
Union and ths Industrial International, which Is solidifying the
solid organisation the world over
for tho purpoae qf abolishing capitalism, and establishing Industrial
Workersl You have fought to
make the world safe for Democraoy. What have you got? A
democratic privilege to—starve.
Are you going down, down, everlastingly down, the ladder of degradation, or are you going to
take a decisive step to go forward
towards freedom and happiness,
which are the Inalienable right of
every man and woman, but of
which right you have been deprived of by the master class
through lta One Big Union, If
you have any spirit of manhood
left then join ln the fight for
better conditions all around, and
as an ultimate aim, THB WORLD
Yours for Solidarity,
Here la an Item of "news" that
may be of interest to some slave
In thla part of the country, as
well as ln others places lt may be
Interesting to know the conditions we are exiatlng In, and the
abuse Wa are eubjected to.
v (In the Sudbury Star) Sault
■te. Marie. O. Lanier was brought
before Maglatrate Maekay Thuraday on a charge of feeding to the
■ten in a lumber camp at Gou
dreau, horse flesh which was unfit for human consumption. He
waa fined fl. and costs, for
breach of tho Ontario Health Act.
In regards to the above the District Health Inspector declared
"That the meat waa unfit for
human food, as the horse had
been sick (do you get thts—
S-I-C-K SICK!) when killed,"
and th* offender Is "fined" 126
aad. What do they care about
IK If they can keep on doing
similar things all the time, lf not
ejult* ao raw deals aa the above.
Moat of the oamps are not up to
"The Health Act of Ontario," and
'will not be, before tho men on
tha job are organized, and on the
ttrength of organised power can
compel the boases to come across.
They'll feed you Ilk* swine, and
Iat you live like swine, lf you,
Mr. Slav* don't realise what your
historic mission Is In this beautiful and "democratic" country.
Tha Gov. Emp. Bureau In Sudbury Is shipping men (no fooling)
to farms for 111 per month, and
to lumber oamps and mills for
(II and 140 per month. If you
ar* only looking for a job and
don't care about th* hours or
ether conditions on these jobs,
thsn hit for Sudbury. But, lf you
ar* ussd to getting wages, then
stay out And besides, to these
Jobs you've got to pay your own
fare, savvy. So lf you aren't quiet
broke yet, why just take a shipment and flntah the job properly.
The Murray mine recently laid
aff about 700-100 men. The other
Bines are reducing their forces,
putting part ef the men on part
Ume, and outtlng wagea too, of
Which the "Star" announces: "that
the men took lt In 'quietly,' beeause It was known for some time
lhat a reduction would be necessary." Tea. We have always
known, that the bosses are ever-
ready to lower the standard of
living, lf they even have a ghost
•f a chance, In order to -. make
■ior* profit. They don't give a
lam If you even exist Mr. Slave,
keoause there are hundreds at the
•resent time to take your place,
and a new one born every minute,
la long as there ls an overproduo-
> Hon In human labor-power, the
bosses Just grin at' you when you
ar* compelled to ask for a Job,
but war time, they were singing a
different tune. Then the alaves
were classified aa human beings
and patrlotlo citizens of "our"
(heavy en the our, for lt Is their
eountry by special privilege
through orlmlnal graft, eto.)
Tho Steel Plant on Soo, Ont.,
has given a "Frenoh leave" to
about 1800 workers. In January
hut lt made a out In wages, and
lew, out them out altogether. Mr.
Rave. Take yourself and family
I* aome pleasure resort, sunny
Oallfornla, Florida or elsewhere,
where you can enjoy life and feel,
•sntented amidst plenty ln everything. Now you have time, and
ao work to do, because at the
Ume of "Increased production"
seu surely worked yourselves out
*f a Job, and out of bread and
butter at the same time.
Do you think that there Is
aomethlng wrong with the preaent form of society. If so, then
dig ln and do your part tn changing these conditions by Joining an
For the third time ln succession
the coast membership by referendum vote, have decided to remain
a part of the genoral organisation
of their Industry.
The majority tn favor was six
times as strong as that recorded
on the previous occasion.
By more than two to one, they
favored th* formation of a Lumber Workers Industrial Union of
Canada, separate from the O. B.
U., until such time as that body reverts to Its original form.
W. Head was elected Coast district secretary.
District exeoutlve will consist of
C. Freeman, A. Lawey, W. O'Don
nell, B. Wilson.
The district headquarters or
.central executive are H. W. McKnlght and J. Simpson,
Pritchard Welcomed' by
Thousands of Workers
On His Return to Coast
(Continued from Page I)
jail. In that countVy peoplo might
be starving: but they were not
starving ln tho mdst of plenty.
There they were workng for the
ohldren, wth whom rested-the so-
cal regeneraton.
Bill continued speaking earnestly for quite a while, though manifestly very tired; and then gave
way to Richardson, and proceeded
to the Columbia. Here Kavanagh
spoke as a capitalist ln the first
person, showing his slaves how he
put it over them, and how alono
they beat him to it.
Dr. Curry presented the early
Christian movement ln th* light of
a proletarian revolt against the
master class of the Roman Empire; and Mrs. Corse, aa ohalrman,
took the opportunity to warn the
parents against the militarisation
of their child'ren as Boy Scouts and
Olrl Outdes.
Comrade Prltchard made the
closing address, again mentioning
Russia's care for those ln human
society of whom lt waa said: Suffer
the little children to come unto
Me; "but whom Christian civilisation does Its best all the time to
Once more the i'Red Flag" was
sung—third time at this meeting
—and the our tain fell on the most
glorious Easter Vancouver has
ever known.
Only passing mention hss been
made of th* speolal C. N. U. X.
meeting at Cambie st.eet, and the
rousing address of Dr. HaVdlker to
the returned men; which, it may
be noted, was the subject ot editorial oomment In the dally press.
This was, of course, only a sort of
side show to the main celebration,
and yet there was nothing In all
that day'a happenings more Inspiring than to stand on the fringe of
that great throng and witness the
applause of full-blooded British
men and women listening to Har-
dlker's passionate protest agalnBt
the brutality of Imperial oppres
sion, as he stood there boldly to
say to John Bull, Junior, and John
Bull, Senior, too: "We want no
moro of your blood-stained empire!" To see those hundreds of
returned men standing solidly and
determinedly for the policy of
"Hands Oft India!"
Distinctions of race or religion,
of oaste or color, became non-existent; the most sacVed shibboleths
of state-craft and priest-craft were
discarded and derided. And as the
old shaokles were broken and cast
aside,, It aeomed as If the milk of
human kindness welled up like the
sap In the greening trees, and the
native worth of sheer humanity—
the Inherent goodness of tho common people—burst forth and blossomed like a rose.
present a solid front ln th* struggle for their emancipation.
Membership cards and eonBtltu
tlons were distributed. The olllce
of the C. N. U. X. Is now situated
on the flrst floor of the Loggers'
Union Hall, In the room at the
rear. A propaganda meeting will
be held next Wednesday ovening at
8 o'clock in the Pender Hall.
The Old Revolutionist
and the New Revolution
The Evolution of Revolution, by Look at his portrait, uid you can
H. M. Hyndman (Grant Richards.
MR. H. a.WELLS shocked the
Bolsheviks the other day by
blaspheming against Marx's
beard. That set us laughing; but,
let ua hope, lt set them thinking.
William Blake, following a tradition as old as the Olympian Jove,
always represented Ood as a man
with, an Impressive beard. Marx
grew a beard so godlike that, as
Mr. Wells maintains, tt oould not
have been unintentional. But he
did not look like Qod ln Blake's Job.
Bakunin, a rival revolutionist who
loathed Marx, also cultivated a
beard, but was still less Ilka the
Qod of Blake and Job. But Mr.
Hyndman, who would aa toon have
thought of aiming at a semblance
to Samuel Smiles aa to Jehovah,
was born with exactly tha right
beard (at least, no living man has
ever aeen him without It), and haa
always resembled Blake's vision so
Imposingly that lt is difficult to believe that he Is not the original,
and Blake's picture the copy. Nobody In tha British Socialist movement has ever produced this effect
or anything approaching It. Mr.
Wells Is so hopelessly dehtrsute
that his avowed longing to shave
Marx may be the iconoclaam of
envy. Mr. Sidney Webb's beard a
la Badlnguet ls not In the running.
My own beard ls so like a tuft of
blanched grass that pet animals
have nibbled at lt. William Morris' Olympian coronet of clustering
hair, and his Dureresque beard,
were such as no man less, great
could have carried without being
denounced as an Impostor; but he
resembled, the Jovian Ood In
Aaphael's Vision of Bzeklel, not
the Jehovah of Blake. Mr. Hyndman alone, without effort, without
affectation, without intention, turned his platform, which was often
only a borrowed chair at the street
corner, Into a heavenly throne by
sheer force of beard and feature.
Even he himself could not Ignore
his beard, though he was the only
man who could not see it It compelled him to wear a frock coat
when his natural and preferred
vesture would have been a red
shirt He had to preach the class
war In the insignia of the class he
was fiercely denouncing. When in
desperation he discarded his silk
hat, the broad-brimmed soft hat
that replaced lt Immediately became the hat ot Wotan, and made
him more godlike than ever. Mr.
Wells has succeeded In making
Marx's beard as ridiculous
nosebag. Let him try his hand, lf
he dares, on Mr. Hyndman's, He
will try In vain. A glance at the
excellent portrait whicb forms the
frontispiece to Mr. Hyndman's
latest book will carry conviction
on this point
I expatiate on this solitary majesty of Mr. Hyndman's because lt
Ib significant of nls part in the Socialist movemont. As a Socialist
leader—and he was ever a leader
—he was never any good for team
work. It was not that he was
quarrelsome (though on occasion
he could be a veritable Tybalt)
for thero was not another leader ln
the movement who was not quite
ready to meet him half-way at any
moment in this respect. Nor can
It have been that the beard carried
with it the curse of the flrst commandment. It was that he had
what is very rare among practical
politicians In England, the cosmopolitan mind, the historical outlook, the European interest. For
mere municipal Socialism, which
he called Gas and Water Socialism,
he had no use. Also, as a thorough revolutionary Socialist,^ he
knew that trade unionist
part of capitalism, being merely
the debit side of the capitalist account, and that co-operative socle-
ties within the capitalist system
are no-solution of the social question.
Now it happened that during
the most active porfrof Mr. Hynd
man's public life, the.Co-operative
Wholesale was developing prodigiously, and the huge new machinery of local government through-
out this country made an unprece-.
dented extension of Oas and Water
Socialism possible for the first
time. Mr. Sidney Webb saw the
opening, and jumped at lt with the
Fabian Society behind him. Mr.
Hyndman disdained it, and would
not admit that the road to Social
Ism lay through the suburbs and
along the tram lines. Morris, always fundamentally practical, was
no fonder of the suburbs than Mr.
Hyndman; but he saw that Webb's
work had t to be done, and gave It
his blessing from a distance with
the apology (for the distance) that
lt was not an artist's job. Sidney
Webb saw, too, that the efforts
made by Morris and Hyndman to
organise the workers in new Socialist societies had failed as hopelessly as the earlier attempts of
Owen and Marx, and that tho Socialists must accept the forms of
organization founded spontaneously by the workers themselves, and
make them fully conscious of this
achievement of theirs by making
Its history and scope known to
them.. Hence the famous Webb
"History of Trade Unionism" and
the treatise on "Industrial Democracy;" a labor of Hercules which
nobody but Webb and his extraordinary wife would face or could
have accomplished. Mr. Hyndman, Interested tn the evolution
of revolution, frankly scorned such
spado work. He was eloquent
about Chartism, Marxism and the
First International, but simply
bored by the Amalgamated Society of Engineers and its past.
The result was that during the
last ten years of the nineteenth
and the first ten years of the twentieth century, Mr. Hyndman was
often sidetracked, whilst municipal
trading and the organization of a
Parliamentary Labor Party by the
trade unions were being hurried
up at a great rate. It was not
business that needed a striking flg-
ure-head; and Mr. Hyndman Ib nothing If not a striking figure-head,
But lt occupied alt the capable So*
claliBt subalterns and staff officers
very fully; and thus it happened
that Mr. Hyndman was left with a
rettnuo devoted enough, but Incapable   and   disastrously   maladroit.
see In his faoe a sort of sarcastic
despair left by hla continually disappointed expectation of intellectual adequacy In his colleagues.
But for them he would certainly
have won the seat In parliament
which he very nearly did wtn lh
spite of them. But it Is not clear
that he could have done anything
ln that doomed assembly; he 'haa
never suffered pompous fools gladly; and tbe beard does not conceal
his contempt for people who cannot think politically ln terms of a
very comprehensive historical generalisation; that is, for ninety-nine
hundredths of his fellow countrymen, and ninety-nine point nine
per cent of their chosen representatives. His real work, like that
of Man, waa the pressing of that
generalisation, In season and out
of season, on * civilisation making
straight for the next revolution
without the leaat sense af its destination or Its danger.
It ls with this generalisation that
Mr. Hyndman challenges us In hla
latest book. It is a conspectus ot
history, and an Important one, because It propounds a Sphlna riddle
that cannot be answered by mere
opportunists. Mr. Wells haa put
his masterpiece Into the form ot an
oltline of the world' shistory. Mr.
Chesterton, having taken the
Cross and followed Godfrey of
Bouillon to Jerusalem, has come
home In a historic ecstasy. Mr.
Belloo urges the view of history
that the Vatican would urge If the
Vatican were as enlightened and as
free aa Mr, Belloc. And all this
at a moment when the threatened
dissolution of European civilisation
Is forcing us to turn In desperation
to history and social theory for
counsel and guidance.
I am not sure that Mr. Hyndman's book Is not the most pressing of all these challenging essays.
Mh Wells, though ultra-revolutionary, haa deliberately, and for
his purpose necessarily, excluded
theory from his magnum opus,
simply preparing a colossal explosive shell crammed with all tho
relevant historical facts, and hurling it with a magnificent gesture'
of intellectual power, at the Incompetence, Ignorance, obsolescence
and naive brigandage of the Stato
as we know It. Mr. Chesterton;
though he never has a theory, has
a cry and a theme; and his extern-:
porlzatlons and variations on them
are imaginative, suggestive, inspiring, resounding to the last human
limit of splendor in that sort of.
literary orchestration; but the cry-
is "Back to the Middle Ages," and
the theme Is "Cherez le Julf;" neither of them in the line of evolution or within the modern conception of the fellowship of the Holy,
Ghost. Mr. Belloc Is leading a forlorn hope; for Ibsen's Third Empire will not be the Holy Roman
Empire. All three either Ignore
evolution or virtually deny lt Mr.
Chesterton and Mr. Belloc even
ridicule lt, not without plenty of
materials, thanks to the antics of
some of its professors. But Mr.
Hyndman has a theory, and an
evolutionary one. It Is not complicated by Medievalism, official
Catholicism and Judophobla. It
has proved Itself capable of engaging the faith of small bodies
of thoughtful Europeans, and the
fanaticism of large bodies of
thoughtless onea The march of
events has confirmed It, not only
before its promulgation by Marx
and Engels (all theories flt the
past on the lay of publication because they are made to flt lt), but
since. Mr- Hyndman's clear, close
writing, always readable, always
carrying you along, never confusing or seducing you by the extravagances, the audacities, the extemporary digressions of writers
who, having no military objective,
stop repeatedly to play with history, obliges us to entertain his
book seriously, and either confute
It or let hts case win by default It
ts quite competently put, with no
nonsense about lt There ls no attempt to conciliate the reader er
propitiate publlo opinion. Mr.
Hyndman does not believe, nor
pretend to believe, that tout com
prendre, o'eot tout pardonner; 01
the whole, he rather concludes
that the better you understand history the more you condemn lta
makers. He spares neither Invective nor eulogy; and he words them
without the smallest concession to
any feeling but his own, He uses
tact to make his presentation of
his case effective, never to make
himself agreeable. In the end you
may dislike him, especially lf he
dislikes you; but his cose ls there
to be answered. Mr. Well's case is
unanswerable; but Its acceptance
does not commit you to Marxist
Communism. Mr. Belloc has a very
strong case against parliament, and'
would have us discard it and face
a really responsible monarchical
(not royal) government by a president and cabinet; but he associates this with a strenuous advocacy of private property on the
ground that lt will do us no harm
If we pave littlo enough of lt and
are as Ignorant aa Tennyson's Northern Farmer. It is Mr. Hyndman
who shows you that If there Is anything in history, private property,
ln Its modern reduction to absurdity as capitalism, Is tottering to Its
fall, and that we must make up our
minds to be ready for the new
Communist order or for a crash.
But Mr. Hyndman has yot ani
other claim to urgent attention
over his competitors In the survey
of history. His book comes Just
when the hugest of the European
powers Is putting its doctrine to an
experimental test on an unprecedented scale. And this situation Is
made piquant by the unexpected
fact that Mr. Hyndman repudiates
Lenin as completely as he repudiates Cromwell or Robespierre.
The English arch-Marxist hns been
confronted with the fulfilment of
all the articles of his religion; the
collapse of capitalism, the expropriation of the expropriators, the
accouchement of the old society
pregnant with the new by Sage
Femme La Force, th4 dictatorship
of the proletariat, nnd tho obliteration of the bourgeoisie as a social
order. And Instead of srylng Vive
la   Revolution!   and   packing   his
latest' statue of Marx, he out-
ChurchlUs Churchill in his denunciation 0f the Bolsheviks. This ts
interesting; we want to know how
he justifies It At flrst sight he
seems to cover hia position by setting up the mature Marx aa a historic materialist against the Immature Marx of the Communist manifesto, apparently forgetting that
In a previous chapter he has
knocked historic materialism Into
a cocked hat. Bolshevist Marxism,
Z may explain, Is the Marxism of
the manifesto, taking a hint from
Rousseau by oal ling its administrators Commissars. Mr. Hyndman declares that to make foroe
the midwife of progress is to discard the full Marxist doctrine (insisted on at the end of every chapter tn his book) that force can not
anticipate the historic moment,
and that premature revolutions are
bound to fall, like the Peasants'
war and the Insurrection of Ba-
But this, though true, doea not
prove Bolshevism premature. The
undeniable faot that no' midwife
oan deliver the ohild alive until lu
gestation is oomplete by no meana becauae he, too, found ln the hour
shakes the historical likelihood
that the birth will be a difficult one,
deeding a strong hand and a forceps, and possibly killing the mother. Who is to say that the historic 'moment haa not come in
Russia? Certainly not Mr. Hyndman, who has so convincingly proved from history that the historic
moment is as often aa not a psychological moment. All that the
Marxian historic moment meads
when analyzed.ls the moment when
the bourgeosle loses Its grip on Industry and on the armed forces of
the government, and lets them slip
Into the hands of the leaders of
the proletariat when these leaders
are what Marx calls class-conscious; that is, fully aware of the relations, actual, historical and evo
lutlonary, between the bourgeoisie
and the proletariat, and well Instructed as to tbe need for and
nature of the transition from capitalism to Communism whtch they
have to operate. Surely these conditions are realized In Russia al
present as nearly as they are ever
likely to be anywhere. Lenin Is as
doctralnalre as Marx himself; and
the .bourgeoisie Is down and out
[without having struck a blow. The
Soviet government has made none
of the mistakes for whloh Mr.
Hyndman reproaches the Luddites
and the Paris Commune of 1871,
Far .from destroying machinery,
they are straining every nerve to
develop production and open up
foreign trade. Instead of super,
■ttttously respecting the banks, and
humbly borrowing a little money
from the Rothschilds to go
with, they have promptly seized all
the specie, bullion and jewellery
tbey can lay their hands on, and
made any attempt to hold It back
a capital offence, like the Apostles,
They have, on the whole, pounced
on the right things, and shot the
right people (from the Marxian
point of view). They are as ruth*
less in dealing with the counterrevolution, and with attempts to
carry on habitual commercialism,
as they are tolerant of mere sentimental regrets for the Imaginary
good old times of the Czardom.
They have shown themselves able
to handle and dominate both tbe
bourgeoisie and the militarists.
Kolchak, Denikin and Wrangel
successively have tried to play the
part of Gaston de Folx, only to be
cracked like fusty nuts by Trotsky,
ln spite of the gold of Churchill
(cl-devant Pitt) and the munitions
of Foch. Is there any likelihood
of the conditions under which Feudalism and capitalism accomplished their transformation of society
being reproduced more exactly for
the transformation of capitalism
into Communism? If as Mr. Hynd
man contends, Bolshevism is not
real Marxism, but a murderous Imposture, what does he think the
real thing will be like? He owes
us an answer to this question.
If one may Infer his answer from
his Indictment of Bolshevism, he
relies on the fact that the colossal
peasant proprietary whioh forms
the bulk of the Russian nation Is
unconverted. This la true; but If
Socialism In to wait until farmers
become class-conscious Marxists, lt
will wait for ever. The bourgeosle
did not watt for the approval of
the farmers before they consum
mated the capitalist transformation
by establishing free trade, whtch
all but abolished British agriculture. We should still be In the
Stone Age If Hodgo had always
had his way. I cannot suspect Mr.
Hyndman of that romantic cockney
Idolatry of a politically stupid and
barely half-civilized occupation
which makes Mr. Chesterton and
Mr. Belloc offer us mud pies bb
castles in Spain. The antagonism
between city civilization and rural
prim I tiveness has underlain all tbe
revolutions just as tt underlies this
one. Mr. Hyndman quotes with
indignation a general order to the
Red troops in the Don dlstriot to
exterminate the Cossacks; but lt
needs only a little hypocrisy and
the requisite alteration of names
to be eligible for Sir Humor Greenwood's Weekly Summary. The
French revolution did not stop to
convert the farmers of La Vendee;
tho two parties tried to extermln
ate one another until the peasants
were crushed, as they always are
by tho olty men, because If the peasants had . their own way there
would not be any towns at all; and
the peasants, having by this time
forgotten how to mak ethelr own
clothes and plows, cannot do without towns. Mr. Hyndman docs not
deny that the Russian farmers are
better off than they were before
the revolution; what he insists on
Is that they refuse to feed the
towns, and will produce no more
than enough for their own consumption. Now lt would perhaps
be better, as far as we can judge
at n distance, to tnx the farmers
frankly to their capacity and compel them to produce by compelling
them to pay the tax, by distraint
If necessary, than to pretend, as
the Soviet does, to buy their surplus produce with worthless paper
money. But the Soviet lenders disclaim  relliince   on   thia  expedient;
ding their factories with communal farms, and that they will extend this system until Individual
proprietary farming Is crowded off
the earth in Russia. It la absurd
to- contend that the historic moment for this bas not arrived; far
more plausibly might It be alleged
that It is overdue. The historic
moment Is the flrst moment at
whloh it oan possibly be done.
Mr. Hyndman, steadily Intellectual as a historian at long range,
Is (being human) prejudiced aa a
current politician. During the war
he was what he still ls, a vehemently patrlotlo Majority Socialist
But he denounces the German Majority Socialists fiercely for voting
the German war credits and not
coming out aa pro-Britons and Pacifists. Tet he has no words scathing enough for Lenin, because
Lenin refused to vote the Russian
war credits, and recognised the necessity for seourlng peace at any
price that oould be paid by a MI-
oawber note of hand. He ls equally intolerant of "the unfortunate
Bolshevism and Pacifism of some
of the French leaden." He can
forgive neither the Germans for
fighting us, nor the Bolshevists for
surrendering at Brest - Lltovsk
when they were hopelessly beaten,
Instead of bleeding to death as
England's auxiliaries. This Is
neither Socialism nor. philosophy
of history; It Is naive John Bulltsm.
Why should John reproach Frits
traps for Moscow to inaugurate the they declare that thoy are surroun-
of trial that blood la thicker than
gas and water.
Howover, Mr. Hyndman's anti-
Bolshevism la not always mere
Jingo resentment of the Brest-
Litovsk treaty. There are momenta when he seems to bo revolted by the Institution of com-,
pulsory labor by the Soviet government, and by the Imposition of the
will of an energetic minority on
the' Russian people. But In his own
vivid and very favorable sketch of
Peruvian Communism under the
Incas, he recognizes that suppression of Idleness and ruthless punishment of ■loth and ea' canny was
the political secret of the prosperity and happiness of these people
who always sang at their work and
did not know what poverty was.
For my part I cannot understand
how any one who haa the most elementary comprehension of Socialism can doubt that compulsory Labor and the treatment of parasitic
idleness as the sin against the Holy
Ghost must be fundamental In Socialist law and religion. If Lenin
has abolished Idleness In Russia,
whilst we, up to our eyes ln debt,
are not only tolerating it, but
heaping luxury upon luxury upon
lt In the midst of starvation, then
I am much more inclined to cry
"Bravo, Lenin!" and more "More
fools we!" than to share Mr. Hyndman's apparent horror. Aa to the
Bolshevists being In the minority,
Mr. Hyndman cites with approval
"the marvellous transition effected
by Japan In forty years from Feudalism to capitalism." Immediate
ly before this he says that "permanent social revolution and Com
munlst reconstruction can only be
successfully achieved when the
bulk of the population understands
and is ready to accept the new
forms which have, consciously or
unconsciously, developed in the old
society." But he cannot believe
that the Japanese man-in-the-
street understood what was happening when capitalism was substituted for Feudalism or accepted lt ln any other sense than letting lt happen to him just as the
British laborer let the New Poor
Law and the enfranchisement of
the bourgeoisie happen to him.
There never haa been any such
conversion of the majority of the
peoplo; all the changes have been
imposed by energetic minorities.
We should still be under the rule
of the shepherd kings lt Mr. Hyndman's Liberal generalization were
true or even one-fifth true. What
is true enough for practical purposes Is that until the live wires of
the community are charged with a
new current, or with a higher potential of the old one, neither the
majority nor the minority can
chango the social system. Even
Peter the Great, with all his gib
bets and racks and knouts, could
not have Imposed his Ideas on old
Russia lf his retinue of able black
guards had not been aa tired of old
Russia as he was. The old Russians were ln a stupendous majority all through. What Mr. Hyndman stigmatizes as "tho tyranny
of the minority" Is an indispensable condition not only for moving
society forward (or backward, bb
at prosent), but for keeping It
alive where it stands. In England
the majority will never be con
verted to the need for government
at all; nine-tenths of us are born
Finally, Mr. Hyndman falls back
once more on historic determnla-
tlon, and declares that the BoJsho
vlsts must fall because the economic conditions are not ripe. This
Impales him on thc point of his
own Bpear, because one of thc best
chapters in his book, called "The
Limits of Historic Determinism,"
contracts those limits to a tiny
spaco In which there Is room for a
monument Inscribed Htc jacet Car-
olus Marx, but not room for Russia. It Is, he says (and proves It)
"a demonstrable truth that similar
forms of production sometimes
have wholly dissimilar governments Imposed upon them." He
shows that a single man with
conviction, like Mahomet, can start
a movement which will conquer
half the civilized world, whilst
movements that have the sympa
thy of four of every fivo men In
the country wither and are stamped out by a few unpopular rascals.
Does not Mr. Hyndman then, as a
Socialist leader, take an unnecessarily heavy risk In denouncing as
untimely an attempt to do for
Communism what Mahomet did for
Islam, when he himself hns shown
that none of the Determlnist arguments against the possibility of Its
success will hold water? His real
reason seems to be that he has set
his heart on England being the
Holy Land of the Communist faith;
John Bull again. Also, curiously
enough, on the transition being a
peaceful parliamentary one. The
old internationalist Is a patriot at
henrt, the old revolutionist a pacifist.
Thc petulance of the days when
Mr. Hyndman wns a spoilt child of
nature nnd fortune still flushes out
from timo to time ln this book.
Ono can sne thnt he can no more
work ln doublo harness today than
J. H. Thomas Tells Story
Of How Men Are Done
To Death In Ireland
(Continued from Page 1)
room were aeen laat night at 8
o'clock, when I had the last report.
Find Volley Into Men
The next case ls that of Michael
Mahoney, one of our members. On
the night in question he went bn
duty at 8 o'clock. Everything
went on aa usual until 10.80, when
he heard rifle shots from the direction, of the platform; He waa
In the locomotive yard attending
to an engine, but on hearing a
couple of shots from the goods
yard, Immediately opposite the
locomotive yard, he thought It
waa getting * bit dangerous, so
he went Into the drivers' waiting
room ln the shed where he found
five or six ether men. He had
only been in the room about five
minutes when the door was opened by a man in khaki, who shouted: "Hands up!" Thla man was
accompanied by another ln police
uniform. After asking the men
where they had been that night,
he ordered tbem to walk to the
platform with their hands above
their heads. As they passed the
North signal-box the policeman,
who was behind, fired several
shots above their heads. On arrival at the platform they were confronted by two men In civilian
clothes, one of whom Mahoney recognized aa the head constable.
These men asked how they could
account for boing out at that time
of night, to which the reply was
that they were rallwaymen on
duty. What Is the state of a
policeman or soldier who marches
men out from a signal-box or from
an engine shed, where they, are
working, ahd then asks them what
they are doing out at that time of
night? I aak the House to draw
their own conclusions. The men
were then ordered to walk to the
police barracks with thetr hands
above theitr heads. On going out
of the station another man In
khaki ordered them to "halt,"
then ordered them to. "double,"
and afterwards to "run." Immediately they started to run, but
before they had got 13 yards away
a volley was fired Into them.
Three men fell In front of Mahoney.
One was Dennis Bennet, a cleaner,
another waa Paddy Howe, a
driver, but third man waa not
recognized. Mahoney waa shot
in the hands and the right knee.
The police did not follow them,
but persisted ln firing whilst they
were injured and stumbling along
as best they could. Mahoney
eventually sought shelter in a garden, where he remained for over
an hour. He then made an
effort to get home, but hla right
leg was so painful that he had
to move along on his back. Hie
home was only a quarter of a
mile away, and he crossed some
gardens and a lawn, it took over
six hours to get there. The bullet passed right through his
knee. He is still ln hospital. The
others are dead. Here are these
rallwaymen .taken from their
place of duty and marched to the
station with their hands up. In
one case they were told, "Go and
carry that dead body." They
were told to run, and when they
started to run away a volley was
flred Into them; three were killed and others Injured. One died
last  night
More Shooting
Here ls the statement of another man, Morrlssey. He states
that he was ln the North signal
cabin with Signalman Greenwood
and a porter named Devltt. Here
again, the men had to remain because of the curfew. Thc police
went to the box and demanded
admission. Morrlssey opened the
door, and the police then gave the
order, "Hands up!" The men
were next ordered out of the box,
and Greenwood, who is 70 years
of age, was thrown down the
steps. Whon he got up again he
protested that he was on duty.
That Is to say, that he was the
signalman responsible for the lives
of the travelling public. After
throwing him down the steps, the
police said: "How did he get
here?" And he said: "I am on
duty." After he had protested,
tho police said: "Damn the signal-box, damn the rallwaymen,
and damn you!" Greenwood,
however, was ordered back to the
box, but Devltt and Morrlssey welre
marched, with hands up, to the
platform. A policeman kicked
Devltt, and told him to put his
hands up higher. He then said to
Morrlssey: "I suppose you have
a gun hidden?" Morrlssey said
that he never had one, and he
would not know how to use It if
he had. The policemon said: "I
suppose you belong to thc organisation. Anyway, you belong to
the railway, and that Is enough
for us!" One of the policemen
had a bottlo of whisky, and he asked thn soldier to have a drink,
which he Refused. The men were
then ordered to run, but Morrlssey got a bullet immediately he
started. He wos shot In the right
elbow and In a linger. He hid
In the ruins of an old creamery.
and remained there until 4 a.
He states that he will refuse to
resume duty even when discharged from hospital until he can get
some guarantee for his personal
safety. He knew nothing about
the woman having been shot until
he got to Cork Hospital at 7
o'clock next morning. The next
case Is that of Driver Maher.
Here Is a man who Is now in
Cork Hospital, badly wounded,
and who arrived In Mnllnw at
9.20 p. m, on the dny following
the murder, and who knew
nothing of any murder having
taken placo at Mallow. He
brought his train the.re from another place.    It Ib like an engine
he could when he nnd Morris kicked over the traces of the Democratic Federation nearly forty yenrs
ngo; but the goneral effect Is onc
of mollownoss, which encourages
us to believe that Mr. Hyndman's
later years have not been the least
happy of his tempestuous life. Certainly his beard never became him
better tlmn It does today— 0. B.
S. In the London Nation
Kill Six-Hour Day Bill
For B. C. Miners
(Continued from page 1)
Mr. Sloan, minister of mines,
said that British Columbia has te
combat with neighboring coal producing" communities and predicted*
that if the six-hour day were
brought in, the mines at Fernle.
would have to close down and.
those on Vancouver Island would
have to go on half time, aa they
have to meet outside competition.
He pointed out that of the 5,945,-
000 tons of- coal produced in British Columbia last year, more than
8,000,000 Were sold to the United
Produce Too Hoch        ....
"The workers here produce too
much and It ls because they produce too much we have hundreds
of miners without jobs," aald Samuel Guthrie. "If you make the
six hours Instead of eight hours,
you will make room for many of
the workers who are now walking
the streets."
Mr. Uphill's six-hour proposal
was lost without a show of hands
being called for.
Hon, Mr. Sloan accepted Mr,
Uphill's amendment to strike out
the section of the act which makes ■
lt not compulsory for Inspectors
to inspect those parte of mines
where explosives are not used and
where safety lamps are Installed.
The minister explained that Inspection'Is being carried on there
Want Outside Inspectors
Mr. Uphill's third amendment tt
permit the miners to name on theh
committee of inspection anyone
from outside or inside the mine
instead of being restricted as now
to choosing these men from their
own number ln the mine, was lost
by a vote of 17 to IS.
"Any man who is working for t
corporation has to look for his
meal ticket and the men are scared that If they give a true report
of conditions they will be victimized," sold Mr. Uphill.
"Tho fear ls that if tho men can
appoint whom they like they will
appoint some Bolshevik who will
come ln and stop the mine. But
the men don't want to stop the
mine bb that Is where they get
their living.
"AH the men want to know Is
that a certain amount of safety,
exists ln the mine. Under this
amendment they would be able to'
appoint the secretary of the union;
or check wetghmen who are not
subject to the whims of the corporation. Tou will not flnd that
people will gq In there and atop
the mines Just for the sake of
stopping them."
Not for Nanalmo Miners
Mr. Uphill told of Ave men in
the interior, three of whom are
returned soldiers who are now
victimized and cannot get Jobs because they are blacklisted by the
"It is a mistake to infer that the
mining companies don't want a
true report of gas conditions ln the
mines," said the Hon. Mr. Sloan.
'The miners in Nanalmo object to
this proposed change as they say
men from outside are not able to
take the same Interest In the
S. Guthrie asserted that miners
do want these amendments. He
told of how Oscar Mottishaw was"
"flred" because he dared to report
conditions at Extension, and how
this led to the strike in 1918.
In spite of the "hard times" a
number of our friends have been
able to gather in a few more readers for the FederationiBt during the
past week, and we are very pleased
at the result. It's no easy matter,
we know, but if you only succeed
In rounding up onu a week It will
aid in spreading the working-class
message.   Try it.
Somebody In the .Sointula Socialist Locnl put In a boost for the
Fed. and added sixteen readers to
our malting lint. Your local would
be a good place to take up the
subject, with maybe even better results.
Our old friend I. A. Austin of
Nelson does not want to be beaten
In the suh-hustling "push," so after
hard work rounds up seven more
for the Fed.
J. N. Hlntsa of Gibson's Landing
says he Is again on the job from
now on, and forwards us two
batches of three* apiece.
J. G. Sutherland of Vancouver
and A. Mnkepieee of Holbcrg, D. C,
knowing that the Fed. should be
more widely read, both introduce It
to the hi.iiii'n of three moro families.
bending them to the Fed. In
pairs is pretty good work and Is
of great help to the pnper at this
time. Some of the following plnces
are "one-horse villages," but our
readers succeed In getting subs.
The following hnve sent In two
apiece: J. G. Hay of Winter,
Sask.; S. N. Johnson of Arbourg,
Man.; J. G. Smith, Vancouver; J. Naylor, Cumberland.
And tho following have each
rustled up one moro subscriber:
W. S. Kllner, Geo. Dingwall, H.
Taylor, W. J. Fruit, J. Price, E. N.
Crnndell, H. Martle. S. Johnson, R.
C. Mutch, W. W. Wiren, Mrs. V.
Ingram, J. Downle, R. S. Barber.
And the subs are still rolling In,
The British national debt is $40,-
000,000,000. Her annual expenditure, according to British reports,
ls $4,500,000,000; the population ls
Patronize Fed Advertisers.
driver starting from Paddlngton
to run to Cnrdiff. Someone Is
kilted nt Cardiff prior to his arrival nt Cardiff, but when he arrives ho is Immediately shot down
because he is supposed to be connected with tho murdeCr thnt happens at Cardiff. That Is the position of this particular man. In
these cnsefl the facts are from the
sworn statement of live men. One
poor fellow, who died yesterday,
leaves n widow and seven children, an<' '•■"it1'*'*' oblld la expected.' f>AGETrOUR
/RIDAT..___I__.~.^pril  1.  mi"
1 B.C. F1MII
Publishod every Friday morning By The B, 0.
FederationiBt, Limited
'A. a WELLS...
IMen   Boom 1, Vietoria Block, 342 Fender
k Etreet Went
P Telephone Seymour 6871
Bnb-cribtion Batea:   United State, and Foreign,
13.00 per year; Canada, .2.50 per yoar, .1.60
I   for six months; to Unions subscribing in a
I   body, 16o per member per month.
Unity of Labor: The Hope of the World
...April  1.  1921
CAN we stand still in a world that insists on moving, asked Comrade
Pritchard last Sunday, and his answer
was, no. That things have been moving
since he was sent to gaol by the agents of
the Dominion Oovernment
THEBE Government was evidenced
IS A last week-end when he re-
CHANGE turned to Vancouver. Two
years ago, nay, one yesr ago,
iucli a demonstration would have been a
miracle, but the gatherings last week-end
did not savor of the miraculous, but of the
changing psychology of the slaves of this
part of the world. Things have been
moving, and moving mighty fast during
the past year or two, and in spite of the
(act that the capitalistic press refused to
recognize that changes are taking place
by giving very meagre reports of the
greatest demonstration that Vancouver
has seen for many years, a change has
taken place in the mental attitude of the
workers that is remarkable while it is not
« • «
And what has caused this ehanget The
conditions that prevail, is the answer, and
the government pf this country is part of
the conditions that has been instrumental
in bringing home to the workers the fact
that all governments in capitalistic
countries sre class governments.. _ The
Winnipeg trial, with its farcical attitude,
and its monstrous imbecilities, as expressed in judge, jury aud legal talent,
brought home to the workers more
forcibly than any Socialistic orator could,]
have done, the fact that capitalistic justice is blind to all but the interests of the
ruling class. But havo the interests of the
ruling class been conserved by the imprisonment of the seven men who because of
their activities in the Winnipeg general
strike, were sent to gaol! The answer to
this can be found in the remarkable
demonstrations that were held last week,
and particularly on Sunday last.
* *■■'■•
The workers of Vancouver have taken
up the challenge thst the Dominion
Government threw out when it interfered
in the Winnipeg strike. Not only have
the workers of this city taken np the
gauntlet, but the workers of the Dominion
have recognized that governments, even
though they reign in so-called democratic
countries, are but the executive committees of the ruling class. If the
Meighens and the Robertsons could hsve
aeen the parade and the demonstration
on the Cambie Street grounds last Sundsy, they would have had s fit. They
.would hsve turned yellow with fear. They
.Would Jt»ve been so shocked thst their
nervous systems wou'd have been so
Wrecked that they wonld have needed to
{retire to a sanitarium for the rest of their
lives to nurse their shattered nerves.
»        «        »
But giving nervous shocks to political
nondescripts will not solve working-class
problems. Parading will not bring emancipation to the workers. Neither will
speech making. It will take intelligence
and organization. Pritchard realized
this some time ago. Ee took part in the
formation of an organization that was
based on a knowledge of the position of
the working elass. That was his crime.
So long ss any man contents himself with
theorizing he is safe; but let him start organizing the workers on a class basis, so
that their strength ean be felt, or even
threaten the profits of the ruling elass,
snd that moment he becomes dangerous
to the ruling clsss and, unlike the workers, the members of the Bourgeoise recognize their class interests, and are prepared
to subdue by prison, or any other means,
those that threaten their profits or power.
But recognition of these things is not all
that is necessary on the part of the workers. They must accept the challenge that
the ruling class of this country hss
thrown down. They must, and will, attack
/every citadel of ruling-class power. They
' must pick aiid choose the time that thoy
will come to grips with the powers that
oppress them at all times, recognizing that
the final objective of the workers must be
the overthrow of the capitalistic system
under which the worken are exploited,
gaoled, persecuted and degraded by the
present ruling class. The Dominion
Government may have accomplished
something by the gaoling of seven workers, but if we can read the craven minds
of thc members of the government aright,
the singing of the Bed Flag on the Cambie
Street grounds last Sunday will, ere these
words appear in print, have echoed as
far as Ottawa and caused considerable
uneasiness, and the eeho is still' gaining
' volume. The wordB that were uttered
by Justice Metcalfe when he sentenced
those workers to--gaol, have shattered
many illusions that the workers of this
country had on British justice, and of
capitalistic justice., in general. The
government thought to crush the 0. B. U.
movement by forceful methods. It, however, failed. But by imprisoning seven
men it made possible the greatest propaganda movement that the working class
has ever made in this country. Our masters may rave and storm, they may imprison workers; they may even go so
far as to shoot some of them in the days
to come j but if tho working class of tliis
_, country has the brains and. the backbone.
fsthat olass can turn every master-class
assault into a victory, and the Dominion
government is welcome to all the satisfaction that it can get out of the Winnipeg strike. The workers won, and they
showed that they knew it on Sunday
last. But they must now clinch' their
victory by seeking more knowledge and
the perfecting of the working-class organization on a class basis.
WERE IT NOT tragic, it would be
comical to witness the contortions
of the saviours of the present form
of bourgeoise democracy. It is impossible to pick up a daily paper in these
days, without seeing where some one has
devised a means of
LAWS making   things   better
AND for   the   dear   people.
SLAVES They    advocate    any
thing as a cureall for
the present industrial depression. One
will suggest that it is more people we
need, and that immigration "of the
right kind" must be encouraged. Another would curb the profiteers. The
fixing of rents is also trotted out as one
solution of the high cost of living, while
a local newspaper has waxed very wroth
over the price of coal. Dealing with the
fixing of rents, a question with which
the Ontario government has been dealing, a writer in the Financial Post points
out that on the North American Continent thero seems to be a universal desire to enact laws against everything,
and he derides the attempts that are
made from time to time to pass laws that
must come in conflict with economic
laws, which must of necessity come out
on top.
* *        *
If laws which decree that certain people shall not do this or that thing, would
fix things, then the people would be fixed to a nicety. In fact the workers are
nicely fixed if they would only realize
it. Every law on the statute hooks of
this country is a law which in some way
or other, deals with property. Private
property is the very basis of the present
system, and naturally the foundation of
society must be safeguarded by those
that benefit'by the profit system. As
the workers do not have any property,
although they may be deluded into
thinking that they are property holders,
because they "own" a home, all laws
must of necessity be against the workers.
While it is perfectly true that "Labor
laws" are enacted, which are supposed
to conserve the interests pf the workers,
not one of them; however, will operate against private property, and in this
connection, the workers have as yet failed to realize that they are also private
property, and while no individual owns
a title deed to their bodies as they did
under .chattel slavery, yet the faot remains that they are the slaves of a class
thst owns the machinery of production.
* *        *
In that slavery, laws will not assist
the Workers. Bourgeoise politicians may
pass laws against the snn rising, bnt the
position of the workers will remain the
same as long as they sre subject to the
exploitation that exists today. No law
can change their status, and no law can
do away with unemployment, hunger,
starvation snd ths horrors of war as
long as the present system lasts. These
things are inherent in the system. They
are the results of economic laws which
cannot be ignored. So long as labor-
power is a commodity, and is sold at its
cost of reproduction, and that labor-
power when sold becomes the property
of the employing olass, the worker has
no control over the wealth which he
creates. It is the property of the ruling
class, and that ruling clsss, as evidenced
by the present industrial depression,
cannot dispose pf it, and consequently
those that-have produced it are unemployed. They are divorced from the
means of wealth production, and owning
nothing, not even their labor-power, they
are indeed propertyiess.
#        *        »
Notwithstanding the faet that the
workers hsve filled the warehouses to s
point where their labor-power is no longer required by their masters, the workers are in need of the very things they
hsve produced. But no law wUl give
them tread and the necessities of life
under the present system. That is an
impossibility. Commodities are not produced for use, but for sale, just as is
labor-power. If they cannot bo sold, and
it is a certainty that workers without
work cannot buy them, then how can
the people-that produced the things that
they needi obtain them. Thia is the problem that the workers are faced with,
snd no other exists. Until the ownership of the means of life is changed, and
the class ownership of those things
which are necessary to produce wealth
is abolished, there can be no remedy,
and if the workers would accept the advice of the writer referred to, and realize that laws based on the clsss ownership of the means of life are incapable
of giving them the necessities of life, then
they will cease to be fooled by enactments fixing rents, price of coal enquiries, immigration and all other fallacious nostrums, and set about the task
of bringing that system of society into
being thst will abolish private property,
and with it all that causes tho workers
to suffer in the midst of plenty.
and the people were able to understand
at least the rudimentary principles of the]
practice of medicine. However, like aU
other business, the medical business is
not for the purpose of curing the sick; but
for profit. It is perfectly true that there
are many doctors who work long' and
weary hours for the relief of suffering
humanity. Many men have given thoir
lives in seeking cures for human ills;
which have increased under the present
system, but the basis of the practice of
medicine must, under thc present system,;
be governed by the dollar and cent rill*.
Consequently theni has developed a type
of vested interest that attempts to re-
srict any competition, and new methods
are at all times attacked by the orthodox
medical man. New methods of curing the
sick have been found by men who have
not followed the orthodox methods;
fakirs have also sprung up, and all those
who are not members of the recognized
medical profession are so classified. Be-
ligion has also been the cause of the persecution of the unorthodox, and there is a
strange similarity between the practice of
medicine and religion. The art of healing
was at one time claimed tp be a gift from
a divine power, and in those days, as now,
those who practised it considered that
they did so by some right which no one
had a right to assail. And what after all
is the cause of the persecution of men
because they have new ideas t It is the
present system of society. Material interests dominate those who are engaged in
the medical profession. They resent competition and will do all they can to-tate-
guard their livelihood. Many doctors
have a hard time making a living, but fail
to see that under a sane system they
would, along with the men who dig the
sewers, whieh are necessary to the health
of the community, live like men without
that fear of poverty that follows all
workers throughout lifo under the present
system. No science, no new line of
thought or scientific research, can be
properly developed under capitaHgar.
Only under a system of society that secures the economic position of tho people
can true progress be made, and we suppose that the art of curing the sickness
that is largely the outcome of capitalism,
must also be retarded until the fetters are
sricken from he minds and lives o'f the
slaves of modern society, and those who
are being sent to gaol and fined in the
police courts for healing the sick would be
well advised if they would eome to on
understanding of present-day society, for
in the abolition of the present system they
will find a solution to their troubles.
Captains of Industry Take'
Advantage of Unemployment
THE CHABGE that was made by A.
M. Johnson ( deputy attorney-general
and J. D. MoNiven, deputy minister
of Labor, to the effect that 0. B. IT. men
had framed up on, and got D. McCallum, an official of the Provincial gov
ernment drunk, in or-
MUST BB der to prevent an in-
INVESTI- vestigation    into    the
DATED. strike   in   th*   Nelson
and Silverton districts,
are of sueh s nature that some explanation is demanded. We have sufficient
information to warrant us stating that the
charges are not only untrue, but that
they are malicious, and made to oover
something up that the government does
not want investigated. We hsve word
from the officials of the 0. B. IT. in the
district mentioned in which they state
that they will only be too pleased to
have the fullest investigation made.
From the pages of the Nelson News of
August last, we find that McCallum admitted that he bought the liquor himself from a Chinaman, and that through
this information Moh Ling was later arrested for selling liquor and fined $300.
This does not coincide with ihe statement which appeared in the Daily Province last week, and which was credited
to A. M. Johnson and J. D. McNiven, in
which 0. B. U. members were charged
with getting McCallum drunk in order
to prevent an investigation.
«        *        *
We fully realize to what lengths some
people will go to discredit the 0. B. U.,
and this appears to be another attempt
to take a slam at an organization which
represents the real interests of the
workers, snd we have no hesitation'in
calling on the Provincial authorities to
sift the matter to the bottom, and to
urge the Labor members of the Legislature to see that it is done and at once.
In any case The Federationist will not
let the matter drop until thc charges are
investigated, and the truth is revealed,
London  Directors  Play
Part in Shipping
(W. Francta Ahern)
(Exclusive to The B. C, Federatlonist from Australia)
Ihe mora one analyse* the industrial situation in Australia, the
more one is convinced that the
forces of organlied oapitalism are
aoting In ooncert to provoke induatrlal upheavals throughout that
country. It seems that capitalism
down under wants a flght—has
been organising for it for some
time—and lf lt can't get It ou
way, then It la prepared to get it
some other way,
The capitalisms know what ia
ahead of them. The war didn't
bring tha victory they hoped for.
It has been left the workers stronger (has ever—perhaps not so
muoh in numbere as In Intellectual
force. The unionists ot Australia
as In other parts of the world,
have their eyea open. They have
been promised ::a new world"
made "safe for the workers" by
the capitalists. She "new world"
hasn't arrived on schedule—and
the workers a^e getting mighty
impatient about lt In fact they
are talking about gonlg out to gat
it—at tho expense of the boss, The
capitalists know all this—know,,
too, that the workers, after their
schooling ln Flanders, have'nt the
same respeot for capitalist-- law
and order that they had prior to
the war.
Smash tb* Unions
There ls only one hope—smash;
the workers' organisations while
there ls growing unemployment,
and make them too Impotent to be
able to put up a flght. That Is
what the capitalists aim at doing
ln Australia. That ls what they
will aim at carrying out ln Canada,
the United States, anywhere and
everywhere In ihe world. And, according to the capitalists, the time
Is ripe to do this now.
Some time ago, the Australian
capitalists set about ways and
means to present "a united front"
(grand term, that) to the workera
of that eountry. They aimed at
setting in action the necessary
machinery "to combat the danger
threatening industry by the action
of the employees In ceasing work,
by having a widespread organization, so that when on industrial
war was launched- on the community they oould take common action." That doesn't necessarily
mean that they will wait till the
Industrial war comes along. They
are pretty willing to see that it
does oome along, even if they have
to assist lt along the road.
Recently they forced a flght In
Western Australia on to the railway men. They wanted to smash
the railway men there. They failed
because the railway men were supported by all other unions ln something after the fashion of the
Council ot Action idea in England
recently. The railway man. instead of sitting down on the job,
promptly told the govornment of
Western Australia that lf they were
not content to run the trains, then
they—the workers — would take
possession, ln gold old Italian style,
and do the job. Of course, there
were pitiful cries of Sovietism and
Bolshevism, and all that But the
government got oold feet and gave
ln to the men.
'" The Shipping Trouble
Recently we have had a shipping hold up. The stewards went
out on strike, and after six or seven
weeks, announced their Intention
to return to work on the old conditions. That looked Uke aa lf the
stewards had lost. Aa a matter of
fact,   the   stewards awoke to the
EVERT step taken on the path of
progress is met with somo opposition.
Science has been hampered by metaphysically minded individuals, and if mythology and superstition have not stood in
the way of advance-
MEDICINE ment, then some vest
ed interests have dono
The individual who wrote a letter to
-the Sun re last Sunday's parade, and
suggested that soap and water would
have done those that were in the parade
good, might not have noticed it, but if
he had sny brains, he would have
noticed that the paraders knew what
they were doing, and that is more than
he did when he wrote the letter in question. His silly attempt to discredit those
workers, reflects the measure of his intelligence, which is nil.
The struggle of the miners in Great
Britain is taking-on a political aspeot.
It is not a struggle so muoh with the
immediate employers, as it is a struggle
with th<rgovernment, as the men demand
that the state shall guarantee them the
wages that they have been receiving; It
will be interesting to watch the development of the fight, as it is only another
phase of the class struggle, and it may
develop into anything.
newer method, of fighting a strike
—that of getting on the Job at all
costs. Its easier to flght o strike
on the job with a full stomach tban
on the outside with an empty one.
But the shipping bosses refused
to let them back on the ships. They
said they were not ready for a resumption. First of all lt was that
the ships needed overhauling. Then
later on" thoy wanted guarantees.
They asked the stewards for guarantees that they would not put the
Job control system Into operation
onoe they got back—the boss evidently is getting "well educated to
Industrialism. : The stewards were
willing to give any guarantees to
get-back. It paid them to do so.
The main thing was to get baok.
But the bosses had another card
up their sleeves. They wanted like
guarantees from the seamen. The
seamen, by tho way, have had the
Job control system ln operation for
some time, working lt with smaU
committees on each ship — with
marked success to the seamen. The
seamen have likewise signified
their intention of giving guarantees
to relinquish Job control. They,
too, must get baok on the Job at ail
costs. But the bosses somehow
have the Idea In their heads that
union guarantees haven't any
backing behind them, and are atlll
preventing the stewards and the
seamen (the latter wer* not on
strike, only locked out) getting
And whyf Her* Is th* reason,
aa supplied ln a cable message,
whloh came from England on January 10 laat:
"Early ln the dispute the London
directors, who controlled the biggest part ot the ships, Intimated
that they had made up their minds
that thie would bs the last of shipping industrial troubles ln Australia. Australian ownera agreed
with them, and for that reason the
ships were laid up, and the owners
refused a conference with the
stewards. The London dlreotors
havo decided to make a final stand
and secure the peaceful working
ot services, for * reasonable time,
at any rate."
Thus the shipping lock-out still
continues at the time of writing.
There, at least, we have definite
proof that the bosses want to make
a flght against the unions ln order
to smash them so that thoy may
secure "the peaceful working" of
the industry.
Close the Mines
In other directions, the bosses In
Australia, ar* getting busy. They
have closed down all the metal
mines, "owing to the disastrous fall
In the price of metals." How Insincere thts excuse ls will be realised
when lt Is remembered that metals
are still higher than they were In
pre-war days. They are curtailing
employment everywhere, creating
huge armies of unemployed—
waiting for starvation to do Its fell
work. When the time Is opportune
they will make the grand assault
on the unions.
And don't forget that all this
time, the capitalist press is spreading the poison ln the minds of the
people that strikers are traitors to
their country and responsible for
all the misery that exists. They
are also making a specialty of
stating that the strikes are doe to
the presence ot "foreign agitators."
The bosses think they hav* •
great game under way. But they
haveh't. The Australian workera
are being warned, lf they do not already know it that traps are being
set to oatoh them, and they are
taking heed thereof. The bosses
won't Snd lt so easy to smash the
unions of Australia as they think
for the simple reason that there la
a healthy spirit abroad amongst
the workers in that oountry. -They
are rushing towarda big unionism,
and moving rapidly to the left And
they're getting mighty acientlflo
into th* bargain.
No. The bosses may try to smash
unionism in Australia. It wiU
futile. And starving the worki
Is a great deal more risky todt
than lt was before the war. Tl
idea of taking control la worm! _
Itself deep In the minds of the Australian worker* today. They speak
of lt openly, and they mean business. Be sure, there will be bo
smashing of the union* In Australia,
Every Diamond entering our stock has beea personally selected by a Diamond expect.
An Inferior stone never escapes hi* critical examination.
Bo, It ia with tlie utmost confidence In onr display ot
these precious gems we ask your consideration of
rwhon you have a Diamond purchase In view.
Ircds ot loose stone* from which to mske a selection to be mounted In some form ot Jewelry yoa
Also many Diamond-set pieces of exquisite design*
all ready for immediate use.
,   "Tlie House of Diamonds"
480-485 GIIANVIIJiE ST. At Corner Pendor
17 Saturday Specials
Stall 1
Shoulders of Lamb, in.l
per lb.    IOC
Stall* a and S
Plcnio Hams, fresh, ft«_
per lb.' , __/C
Stalls 4 and S Rennie ft Scott
New    Zealand    Lamb    Special—
Should*r_, about • lba d» |   /}/%
Stall 6 ... K. 0. Brown
1-lb. pails Pur* QA_»
Lard OUC
Stall 7 IT. Leclere
Round Steak, Qfl«
per lb  OUC
Stall 8 Christopher
Live Cod, per 1 K*e
Stails R and 2*  "" W. D. Smith
Stalls 10 and 11 W. Black
Roasts of Veal, qp
per lb  bOC
Stalls 10 and 11 W. Black
Roasts of Veal, ng
per lb  mtOC
Stall* IS and SS Reld * Millar
Ayrshire Bacon, CA*.
per lb _ OUC
Stalls 14 and 21                 Hobson
New Grass Butter, lb.  .'._. SSo
ul. : $1.70
stalls 17 and IS       Rose's Bakery
Rich Fig Slabs, 0(".
per Ib „ UOC
Stalls 14 and 2D W. Black
Sirloin Roasts, Ofi_»
per lb. .....  -GOC
Stall 17 Harrison
Fresh Plaice, . | f\-
per lb.      1UC
Stall IS Pattesaon
Seed Potatoes—Burbank, Gold Coin
and Early Eldorado,    *0 AA
per sack ,....  »AeUU
Stalls SI and SS Rorros
Fresh Fruit and Vegetables DaUy.
Open Evenings till 1* p.m.
Stall S4 and SS Rome
Peanut Candy, Ort_»
per lb AUC
Stall SS W. Jamee
New Laid Egg*, Afiga
per dos.  _.... WB
Or lower according to market.
Klrkham'a Groceteria on Balcony
Bmpress Crabappie Jelly,   *7E.
4-lb. palls  I OC
Opposite Parnate*
Some merchants In town do aot
think yonr cuttom I* much use to
them, or they would advertise their
ware* In The Federatlonist to secure yonr trade. Remember thta
when yoa are about to mak* a purchase.
C. N. U. X. Headquarters
The Office and Reading Room of Uie Canadian
National Union of Ex-Service Men, ia located
at 61 Cordova St W., first floor rear. Secretary
can be found there any time.
CAPITALISM 'everything possible to
prevent tho introduction of new methods. Medicine in the
early days was like religion, it was
cloaked with mysticism; but science
stripped it of its metaphysical filmmintf.
The Provincial Government has introduced a measure to provido funds for
workers in their old age. The workers
and employers • are both urged to contribute to this fund. We wonder where
workers who cannot get employment are
going to get in on this, especially when
it is recognized that tbey cannot even get
the necessities of lifo when they; are
young. ' I
This Advertisement
Is for You
We Are Selling Goods at New Prices
Men's Chambray Shirts....11.00
Men's   Khaki    Twill    Shirt*
for  11.75
Men'a    Grey    Shirta    extra
strong $1.75
Mackinaw Shirts from ....fT.M
Men's Raintest Clothing
Men's Underwear for Summer,
suit 11.50
Men's Merino Underwear, per
suit  $2,50
Men's B. V. D. at, suit ...M.OO
Men's Heavy Ribbed Und*r-
wear, suit |l.5(
Stanfield's Underwear, at th*
new list.
Men'a Working Boots .$4-59
Leckie Boots....$7.50 and $».5t
Fine Boots, up from $4.50
These     prioes     cannot     be
Overalls for all kinds work.
Combinations—Blue, Tan and
atat Week
Wood's Oaly Woaua BypasSst
Direct from Euose
Otter Bit Itatsm
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
(Old time Lumberjack)
Fin* Car*
Prompt Service
854 Abbott St
Phone Sey. 8877-8*75
Matinee ...
Get the
Love Habit!
BEDS, Etc, at cost Our stock
Is Big ,and so are our Bargains, Watoh our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bought and
Love & Co.
Phone Seymonr $745
In that dark hour when sympathy and best service count so
much—call up
Phone Fairmont .58
Prompt Ambulance Sendee
Phone Sey. Sll     Day or Might
531 Homer St Vancouver, B.C.
Funeral Directors
ud Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Fair
Falrvlsw: Office and Chapel.
III! Qranvllle Street
Phon* Bay 1100.
North Vancouver: Office (nd
Chapel. Ill Sixth St W.
Phone N. V. 154.
Mount Pleasant:  Office aad
Chapel, lit! Mala St
Phene Fairmont tl.
mo r
Baity smieea. II u. aad T.I0 tm.
•-■■--"*--■    _M.dl.lil7   fc.Uo.1al
Wedacodsy iMllSHaB
■oiajai eWrtii.
nT" "•"■« f-* \ 1
1$ Hastings St E.
0. B. V. MBS
Fat-oalaa ness Whs Fatnalss Teal
New Subscribers'
Pleue toni.lt the pink otoels,
wklok will to found lni.Tl»_ to.
twees ibe main porlloi ef the
new Here, lit directory, for ed
nemei and numbere aot retolirly
listed, before c.lllnf Infemitloa,
se ell new number, allotted oftee
tho msla lootisa woat ta pieae, aa
le sad Inekdiof Tebtu-y 15, will
be feaad ea theee sheet-,
British Columbia lUephoo.
18 and 20 Cordora St.
444 Main St.
Ring op Phone Seymonr 1554
for appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
Suit* 501 Dominion Bulldlnf
THE   ONLT   v«M._f   MADE
Bert Quality—Right Pries*
118 Carrall Street'
.    Sey. 1150
aa subs too an
WE-lf TOU ask ins
end Nonalcoholic wlaea of SB
Free Oefirery
Qaelity Fot Roaete, from, lb. .180
Quality 0 .on Rooete, from, lb. —.180
quality Belling Beof, (rom, lb 16e
Quality Btew Beel, Irom, lb. ......SOo
Oa eale on Setnrdey oor Famous Fork
Shoulders,  weighing Atem 4 to  *
Ibl. Beg. Sio lb. Special, lb. 29 Ms
On aale on Saturday oor Famona
lllddle Cote of Fork, practically no bone.    Begular   40c   lb.
Ir no bone.
Special, lb. .
Flnut Boiled Prime Biba of Beel,
la cute from 8 lba. up.  Speolal
lb. _._._51-«e
Sliced Boneleaa Ham, por lb. -,__68*
Sliced Streaky Bacon, por lb. .....Oe
Sliced Streaky Baoon, por lb. ......«8o
Siloed Streakr Baooa, per lb. __.»Oo
Sliced Streaky Baoon, per lb. —Mo
Oa aele on Saturdar our Famoua
Sugar Cured Flcnlo Heme. Beg.
910 lb.   Special, lb. ......M 1-io
Oa eale ea Saturday, Slater'a Famoua
Sugar Oared Streaky Baooa.   Beg.
ISs tb. Speolal, lb. 5* 1-it
Wholo er hslf alaba.
jam — MILK — MILK
On sale ea Saturday from 8 e.m. te
II ajn. Facile Milk, large cane,
4* tlna te the caae. Reg. IS.50
cue. Special. Case ..18.25
Only 1 cue to a euatbmer.
Burna' Fineat Shamrock Pare Lard.
Special, lb  ««..aae
Qnelity .Corn, tia 171-20
Quality Peaa, tin	
. Quality Tomatoet, th	
| Salmon, 4 tin* far -....—.,
Sardinea. 8 ties for ..	
Fork end Beans, 8 tlna for 85o
Placet Greon Peal, 4 lbe. for .... .250
Ashcroft White Bunt, 4 Ibe. for ..25c
Flaoet Tapioca, 8 lba, fer  .......250
Piaoel Franca, 8 lb*, lor  880'
Slater'a Toa, per lb, ——....—40.
Nabob Toa per lh. 580
Salt, 8 for ......  : 380
Flnoal Boiled Oata,  6-lb.  cotton
*eoka.   Bog. 4-C   Special -860
Nabob Baking Powder .
Tho   Fineat   Government   Alberta
Creamery     Bntter    (Speciala).
/Regular 88* lb.  Special, 8 lba.
tor 81.78
Floe Dairy Batter, per lb 880
Thd Flueet Dairy Butter, per lb. ..SBc
Oa sale oa Saturday Fine Albert*
Creamery Butter, Special lb. 6te
Fineat Boneleaa Heme.   Regular 55e
lb., epeeial, lb. 481-8*
Half or wholo.
Fin* Dry Mealy Spud*. **ok, dellt•
•nd 11.08
188 Hutlngi 81 B.   Phoae Sty. 18*2
BSO OraBTUle 8t      Phone Sey. 888
11*1 QruTllle at.    Phone Sey. 8148
8380 Main St.        Phoae Fair. 1888
Free DaUrery.
gome merchant* In town do not
hlnk your cm torn la much use to
or they would advertise their
in The Federatlonist to ee-
:ure your trade. Remember tbls
.hen you are about to make a purchase.
Soviet   Russia   Medical
Relief Committee
Issues Appeal
The •Satrlet Russia Medical Relief Committee has Issued the following appeal for the ohlldren In
In Its report of September 84,
1920 the Department of Children's
Welfare of the People'* Commissariat of Education ot Soviet
Russia, states:
"It la highly essential and Imperative to give every attention to
the Communal Rouses (Children's
Homes). . . Thousand* of children, especially ln the border
states, are left without homes. All
kinds of adventurers have destroyed towns and villages ln Siberia, In-
Western Russia, ta th* Ukraine
and the Caucasus.
The terrible legacy ef then Invasions are thousand* of orphan
ohlldren. All ot them are In need
of homes and food, whloh makes
obvious the urgent necessity of
establishing orphan asylum* and
children's homes."
About the condltlona In th* existing children's homes, Mr. W. W.
Lefeaux, an eye witness, who recently roturned from Soviet Russia,
"Food and equipment to carry
out the proposed plans are forthcoming only partially in the most
favored provinces; some of the
provinces are able to do very little
ln the matter, and there 1* urgent
want among the twelve million
children of Russia! next to the
army, they get every attention
possible. WM
"The children's homes that I
visited were certainly models of or.
ganlzatlon and cleanliness. From
the minute the child ls received ln
the receiving centre, lt.ls carefdjly
watched to flnd out what branoh
of education would be moat desirable, considering lta natural leanings, and It ls placed In the most
suitable school. But the food that
the little mites have to live upon
would cause a riot ln a lumber
camp of Canada, and the plaint of
the teachers that they can get no
pencils, pens, paper or slates should
cause great satisfaction to the
blockading Allies. If hate be the
objeot of the blookaders, -they are
certainly producing a goodly stock
that may, some day, surprise
Our committee haa copies of reports from 88 provinces of Soviet
Russia about condltlona In the
children's homes. These reports
were received in Moscow by W. W.
Lefeaux and brought ever by him.
Only three out of th* 58 provinces
(Smolensk, Taroslav and Yeniseisk) state that "nourishment is
good" or "nourishment Is satisfactory," But all the other 85 reports
ery out for Immediate aid, and
clearly show a lack of almost
everything. We quote below a few
passages from these reports:
From Zhisdra, Province of Brl-
ansk: "The children's food consist*
of substitute* of every kind, which
causes the children to become very
sick, especially with chronic dysentery, whloh ls almost Impossible to
cure afterwards. Urgent to take
steps Immediately."
From Polotsk, Province of Vitebsk: "All this time Polotsk has
been ln the war area. Workera'
families, especially children, have
died In great numbers, from starvation, Children in Communal Homes
receive three and one-halt ounces
of bread."
From Murom, Provinoe of Vladimir: "The food problem In the
children's colonies and the children's lnstltutiona ls very critical.
The local food organizations have
Similar calls for help ar* contained In all the other report* A
ration ofaour cabbage soup, a ration of millet gruel cooked ln water
and a bit of blaok bread, are the
only meals served'\n many of the
children's homes, to the. Innocent
victims of lnvasioi.. and devastations by th* counter-revolutionary
The** deplorable condition*
prompted the cablegram which we
reoelved on March 15th from Dr.
N. H. Semashko, the people'a commissar of publio health ln Soviet
Russia, ln which he says:
"Instead of hospital equipment
preferable to utilize funda for condensed milk, shoes, children's
olothing to be divided in equal proportions among Ukralna and White
, Immediately upon reoelpt of this
cable from Dr. Semashkp, the Soviet Russia Medical Relief Committee used all Its available funds, f. ,-
600.00, for the purchase of condensed milk. Thie milk was shipped together with quinine, vaccines
and other drugs, medical instruments, and children's clothing, to
the value of about 14,800, on the
S.S. Lackawanna Valley, on March
tl, to Soviet Russia.
We know that this ls merely a
drop ln the ocean. But lt la all that
the funds oollected thus far allow
us to do.
To meet the great need of the
children of Soviet Russia, and* to
alleviate thetr pitiable oondltlon we
appeal to all our local committees
throughout the country, and to all
organizations and individuals who
Pritchard Welcomed by
Thousands of Workers
On His Return to Coast
(Continued from page 1)'
lag olasg ferocity, never so ferool-
ous aa whon It goes trembling hand
In hand with fear—and never
Nothing Like It Before
But if thta brief description fall*
(as lt muat) to give any adequate
idea of Saturday's happeninga, lt
ls practically Impossible to picture
ln words the monster demonstration on Sunday. Nothing like it
ha* ever happened before in Vancouver, and even those comrades
who have been long enough In the
Held to place amall reliance on
popular outbursts of this nature,
were shaken from their pessimistic
moorings and made to believe once
more than the ultimate triumph ot
th. people I* in sight. The vast
number of ex-service mea wh.
shared whole-heartedly ln the demonstration, was one of lta moat
signlflcant features, and one Immediate outcome la the consolidation
of these returned men in the new
O. N. U. X.
Before 8 o'olook on Bunday afternoon, about 1000 of them, at
least. Mood waiting In an apparently Interminable line along Pender
atreet west, the rendezvous having
been made at the Returned Soldier* Club. In th* big entrance
hall of the olub Itself, not a Boul was
In sight, except the Janitor, who admitted he had the place all to himself. The reason woe patent ln a
nottee hanging on the central pillar:
Sunday, March 28th
Comrade Prltchard Speak*
Are Tou Going te Be There.
P. M.
Oue on the street the men came
smartly to attention at the word of
command, Pte. H. Sullivan, M, M,
of the 18th Battalion, being commander-in-chief for the occasion,
Mounted on a spirited Uttle steed,
and wearing a broad red sash that
blazed ln the sunlight, he led the
procession, headed by a strikingly
artistic and expressve banner bera-
lng the legend: .
and giving a realistic representation of Stony Mountain "pen"/ In
the poetic distance, with a rook
pile ln the prosalo foreground and
three Vancouver heroes lustily
working thereon with heavy hammers.
There was also a band of muslo
tn the forefront of the procession,
In charge of Bandmaster Ed. Cox.
They were oheered on taking up
their position, and gave out lively
muslo on the march. As they
started east, the ranks were seen
to be filled out with workers of
various races, many women Joining
the procession, headed by a banner
bearing the Inscription:
Strange, lnded for women—by its
conciseness!    Asked quizzically if
they really meant lt, the reply wad)
prompt "sure.   You bet your life!"
The long cavalcade moved briskly with the praotlsed step of a regular army. Long lnded It would
have been If it had "like a wounded snake dragged lta slow length
along," as processions sometimes
do. But marching In fours in olose
order, lt probably did not extend
for more than a mile, though In
Vancouver's crooked' down-town
streots, following the general curve
of the water-front, It wa* not possible to see it all at once. Moving
with olock-llke precision, it took
Just about 15 minutes to pass the
post olllce. Statisticians may amuse
themselves by calculating Its
length from these few data.
It waa not a aombre procession
by any means, touohes of red distinguished Marshal Sullivan's
"aides," bright feather, on the
women's Easter hats, and a series
of striking "mottoes" held aloft at
Intervals, enullrened the scene, aa
well aa the multitudinous turbans,
white, blaok or yellow—of the stalwart Slhks or other natives ot India.   The C. N. U. X. emblem waa
A Miniature
Shoe Factory
1* our ahoa repair ahop—a
placo whero we can turn out
Mgh grade now ahoea il we
cared to. Bat oar bueineee le
making old shoee looh like
new and a*Ting monoy lor our
customers. Beside* many
peoplo like to wear comfort*
ablo-Attlng, easy old ahoea as
long «a possible.
Mon's Shoos Soled and Heeled
lor 12.28
Ladiea' Shoe* Soled and Reeled
lor 81.78
No bettor work or material*
are osed in Vancouver. Seo
our window lor tho oheopHt
good chore in town.
Webb Shoe Co.
Union Help
believe ln this cause, to come to
the aid of the-ohlldren of Soviet
Russia at once.
The workers of Russia are arranging special Children's Weeks
during which all the proceeds from
their labor go for the benefit of
children's homea They are donating a part of their scanty food and
clothing rations to increase the rations of their children.
Large amounts of money and
supplies collected in this country
by the Red Cross and other organizations for the relief of suffering
Europe were used directly or Indirectly to support the invaders of
Soviet Russia ln their work of .destruction and devastation.- It ls up
to the people of the United States
and Canada to aid the children who
are homeless and starving, owing
to the ruthleBsness of the counterrevolutionary forces so lavishly
supported by the Red Crosa
We aak all our local committees
and all sympathetic organizations
everywhere to,take up, wtth- fresh
energy, the collection not only of
money, but of supplies as well, suoh
aa condensed and especially dry
milk, children's footwear, clothing,
medical supplies, etc.
To thla end we are organizing
sewing circles,' which will set busy
hands to knitting sweaters and
stockings, and to making all kinds j
of children's clothes, blouses, coats
and skirts.
During the coming month every
city or community should set aside
one week to be known as "children's week of Soviet Russia." During that weok every effort ought to
be made to swell the shipments of
supplies that will go forward to the
children of Soviet Russia, through
collections banquets, mass meetings, entertainments, sewing bees,
children's showers, and every other
available means.
Plans aro being made by the Soviet Russia Medical Relief Committee for a now cargo of medical and
children's supplies, to be shipped to
Soviet Russia during the first week
In April, with the Steamship "Pittsburgh Bridge" from the pier of the
Susquehanna Steamship Company.
All contributions should be forwarded at once to the
Room 500, 115 W 40th St.
,        New York City.    ,
a pur.sle to eome, wh. had to be
Informed that It stood fer the "Canadian National Union of ex-Ser-
vlcemen." Those who failed to
grasp the significance, ot "Rooks"
had another ohance when "Mor*
Rocks" came along) and even the
densest were provided for by "Still
more rooks" later on. Of course,
the ploture banner ahead wa. th.
olve to the puzzle.
"Thl* demonstration explain* itself," said one placard; and it surely did.
"Starving ln the Mldat ot Plenty".did not need muoh explanation,
and "Where Are Our Homes!" wa*
not so very indirect. Between
"Rooks" and "More Rocks" came
"I am a Victim of the Bystem," and
another let the secret, "What we
are after—Eoonomlo Freedom,"
with lte complement ta "Worker*
of the World, Unite," and the "Future ls Ours." Coming to the personnel and ooncrete once again was
this: "Prltchard represents hi*
olass, thos. who sent him to goal
represent the ruling olass," and another wa* "Physically broken,
spiritually undaunted. Then again
to the general and the abstraot,
"Idea* cannot be Imprisoned," aad
onc more "Idea* Spread la Spit,
of Prison Sara" At th. rear of th.
procession wa* carried the open Invitation" fall la here," and some
fell ln while hundred* of other*
"beat. It" by shorter out to Cambl*
strset ground* for the big meeting. Th. route of the big maroh
wa* along Haatinge street front
the post office to "Viotory Square"
(save the mark) « whloh the
"heroee" promptly turned their
backs, and continued along Cordova atreet to Mala atreet and the
City Hall, picking up th* South
Vancouver contingent without a
halt, the long line wound It* sinuous way back along Haatinga to
Cambie atreet, paat the T building,
and the Navy League headquartera, and still In faultless four-
deep formation, entered the quadrangle where it condensed Itself
into a elose-packed crowof.
18,000 Men Present
Cambie street grounds being ln
effect a Held of aome aores, ha* a
standing oapaclty of quite a few
thousand, and the greater part et
It wae covered. It would seem an
under-estlmate to say the crowd
on this occasion oontalned 10,000
men—not counting the women,
who were far too numerous to
count, though not, as the auctioneers would aay, too numerous to
mention. So olose they all stood
that lt was a tough Job far a latecomer to get to the platform,
whloh had been Improvised In the
centre of the patch, and by whloh
stood the local stalwart* ready to
take a hand under the chairmanship of W. R. Trotter, the "Red
Flag" being sung by the vast assemblage with "hats off."   \
Comrade Trotter then gave the
glad hand of welcome to Prltchard
as one who had "stood fast by all
the principles he has subscribed te
for many years," and added "that
tha gathering also represented a
movement among the workers to
resist that thing which lt Is being
being continually put over ua, and
wh-fh we don't intend shall laat
very much longer." (Hear, hear.)
Ovation for Pritchard
The ovation which greeted Comrade Prltchard, when he got up to
speak, may be taken for granted,
with J. O. Smith to lead the cheering. "Now, Just a minute! Give
me a ohance," protested BUI, and
the cheering subsided Into gladsome laughter.
After BUI waa through, Jaok
Kavanagh was Introduced to the
meeting aa one "who haa not been,
in Jail, but ought to have been long
ago." (Laughter and a voice "and
he knows it") . When his spiel
wa* over. Trotter briefly referred
to the proposed remedy of the Inspector general of mllltla for meetings like thla with their "serious
menace to Canada." I believe that
gentleman came on the same train
as Pritchard," he added. (A voice,
"Let's hope ho's hero"), and there
was some merriment let loose at
the idea of * hla thinking thai
Pritchard's guard of honor waa
for himself. Trotter wasn't quite
sure whether it was hydrophobia
or "hell shock" that seized the Inspector general when he discovered
his -error.
Tom Rlohardson, Jack Harrington and S. B. Woodsworth also addressed the gathering ln turn, and
even when the monster meeting
was closed, another was at onoe
opened at one corner of the ground,
under the auspices ot the C, N.
U. X.
Here a visiting Hindu, Dr. Har-
diker, made an Impassioned appeal
to his countrymen to get ln the
new organization, and work for the
overthrow of the trinity of Imperialism, Militarism and Capitalism,
but especially of the last, whioh he
pointed out waa the parent evU of
the other two.
Of all the speeches made la
the course of this rousing Easter
Sunday demonstration (and they
were many) Frlchard'a of coulrsel
held premier place ln point off
Interest. Not that Bill was at his
best, or claimed to be, however;
that was not to be expected. He
explained at the outset that ho
was breaking a promise to his
medical adviser ln doing thla
stunt at all In his present condition; \ t <
but he Just couldn't help It, and
nothing abort of paralysis could
make him help lt. He spoke for
time at Cambie street in the
afternoon and again at crowded
meetings ln the Emn.'ress, Avenue
and Columbia Theatres ln the
evening; on each occasion without premeditation or malice af of*- j
thought, and Just as the spirit
moved him.
Saviours of Demooraoy
At Cambie street he was playfully aarcastlo ln his remlntacen-
ses of the famoua Winnipeg trial
so far as they concerned the "K.
C." bunch—the Coynes and An-
drewses—thoss 1850-a-day "saviours of democraoy". whose anuut-
ing ignorance inspired him perhaps
with pity more than angefr; but
he hud no "boos" for Metcalfe (as
his audience had), and no regrets
for what had happened except that
ho had lost twelve months of the
"pleasure you can get fighting for
the working class." There wero
lots of people, he said, interested ln
getting Prlchard ln the coop, who
had lost more than Prlchard over
lost, mentally or phyelcally; and
the audlonce, apparently understanding the allusion expressed
their satisfaction. He referred to
a certatn "honorable" gentleman
as a "littlo runt"; but would not
copy that same, honorable gentleman's coarse language with reler-
enee tp Prlchard himself and hi*
oelleadue. In prison.
"I won't use th* profane language that can enly really b» used
by one ot Ml* Majtety*. ministers,"
he explained, and hi* audieno*
Mala approved.
.Judge Metoalfe kad tali Pritohard he wouldn't believe anything in a newspaper. "If he ws*
serious," said Pritohard, "he was a
long way ahead ef many at th.
working olsas." Ot agent* of the
master olasa In the guise of labor
leaders, who earn* to them ln prl-
ibn, the speaker wa* more bitterly
contemptuous. "We eeuld have got
out," he stated, "had we been willing te nominally bend the knee to
paid hireling* of th* master olass."
- A Change Hu Taken Plaoo
Turning now to th. jtlrWng
events of the day, Prltchard remarked on the ohange that had
coma ahout alnoe "Workers ot the
World, Unlte"-7-now a universal
rallying coll—was flrat panned a*
the closing word te an economlo
'There wu a time," he went on,
"when we hadLte tell yoa fellows
theoretically what happened to yon
when you weat t» work. Do we
hav* te tell yea what happen, to
yo. whea you don't ge to work?"
(A Voleei "We don't eat") It
wu Indeed a humiliating thing to a
working man whea he had no Job,
but lt wu a muoh mere humiliating
thing when he weat to work thaa
whea he dldat "When he doean't
go to work, he starves himself.
When he goea t. work, ke keep*
somebody else."
A* to that motto: "We never
forget" wu thai true. ("Teal")
Then It wu unique ta the history
of the working elan, Be hoped
that th. leasons ef the last few
years—the Intelleetwl bankruptcy
of th. master olasa statesmen, the
war te end war, th* unemployment
in every oountry on a seal* never
befoVe known—would not be forgotten.
Pritohard touohed onoe more oa
the preposterous Idea of a working
olaas not only oapable of keeping
Itself, but keeping another olasa
too, and ln addition producing all
kind* of thlnge te be shot away
ta war, aad yet nst having InteHl
genoe te do thing* for Itself. "They
oan build bridges and railway*, dig
ore (rent the mine, aad mak. millions ef thing, for a capltallstlo
ola**—and yet cannot d. lt tat
Not Sentiment
H» aald: I de not look on tbl*
demonstration u a mere outwajrd
burst of sentiment, though It wonld
be a very bitter pill for these saviour* of democracy from the Citlsen*
Committee at Winnipeg to swallow.
"I told the court I wu lea* afraid,
u I aat waiting to receive sentence,
than th* court waa, waiting to give
it me. (Here, hear.) I wu told a
Jail term would fix Prltchard and
his exuberance, and he'd blow up—
and I'm blowing up."   (Laughter.)
Before quitting, Cormade Pritohard voiced the feeling of the
workers towarda those who would
bar them from the tree of knowledge. "We will read what we think
la good fer tie, ahd think u our In-
telleot dletatea to u aad not u you
dlotaU." He urged the comrades
to pram forward la this matter of
education. "If you ar. a working
maa and know a worker who know*
les. than yeu aboat th. working
ola** position—tell him something.
It yoa know less than he does—be
a man, far once In your Uf* and
let him teach yon something." He
then got down, while tome et the
oomrade. started off! 'Tor He's
. Jolly Oood Fellow."
Kavanagh Points a Moral
Comrade Kavanagh deolared that
thl* demonstration today—greater
than aay hitherto held la Vancouver—was not for any Individual,
but wu a demonstration ef th*
working olaas for Itaelf. (Hear,
hear). If they had learn something
from their oomrade* going te Jail,
they muat organise ae that In
future the demonstration would
tak* place befere they go to Jail,
and not after they have been there."
Why did maa go te Jail wh* had
not oommltted muMer, robbery, or
other orlmes agalnat the statutes of
the oountryT ' Becauae more dan-
New pricas, $86.00 ud $28.00. Other priees w_ ta 160.00
Spring Overcoats $80.00, $32.50, $40.00 and up
Spring Shirts in all the new weaves, tn the celebrated
Arrow, Tooke and beet English brands.
Spring Hats  in Borsslino,  Stetson, Mallory,  Brocifc
Oe Luxe, Wolthausen brands, at 4he new prioes.
Boyi' Olothing same u Dad's
Gubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's uid Boys' Clothiers .
2 Stores
serous than the man who take* by
foroe 1* th* Individual wh. expose*
to th* working claaa the robbery ot
thalr very life—the very menu ef
life—thoee thlnga whlek by th*
workers' productivity are within
reaoh of all.
Beoause of that faet. Debs get 18
year* and eome 80 yee>s, while
newspapers Incited to bodily harm
ln the oue ot othen. Th* plutocracy In this country, with ita son**
of British fair play (laughter), did
not give them 88 year*—because
the law wu not paaaed In time to
de it, and, becauae of the bitterness j
(Continued on page 8)
Tell your workmate that The
Federation!*!- publishes new* tta*
no other Vanoouver paper dare* at,
and that It I* delivered every ttt.
day morning hy tk. postman.
Dr. DeVanis French Pills
A nllaMi B*8ulatlu Fm for Worn*. M
a bn. Sold u ail Drag Sure*, at s—_
te aay addrwa ea moist ef stleo. H.
Beebell lnu Oe, K Cattethiea, Q»
Heltons Vim Bad Vitality; fnr Mem aal
Jlralai Jaenaue "am auttor:" a To***
—win Build yea ap. 88 a bea er two ail
88, at drag etane, er by audi sa rucks
ot eric., ft* So-iei- Brag 0*.. SI O—y
aria**. Oxtails.
Thirty Days to Go!
—and a hundred dollars
per day are needed
The Federationist has earned the enmity of the employing class
—that in itself proves that the paper is standing for the interests
of the Working Class.
But What Are You Doing For Your
Own Press?
As the days go by and the class struggle becomes keener, the need
for a labor press will become more and more evident, but papers
cannot be run because someone needs them—unless they are also
willing to pay for them.
The Campaign Closes on May 1
But the money is not yet in sight and the situation is urgent
Thirty days—and a hundred dollars
per day must be secured if we are
to reach the amount that
aimed at
____ 'tPAGfr^IX
II I I     I I I        I      II  S II
"Left Wing" Communism
******    ******    ******    ******
An   Infantile   Disorder
Master of Practical
Drugless Healing*
Fifteenth    Floor    Standard
Bank—Corner or Haatlnfe
and Bichards
Phoae*:    Seymonr SOS;
Highland S1S4L
No Knife or Poison Used In
Oar Treatment—It Is
Absolutely Painless
We hav. again to enlarge our
premise! ae we have Installed
two more machines. These
we the Irst of their kind In
ls simply marvellous—vibrates, stimulates and mat-
sages every part of the hody,
tones the muscles, reducee fat
and Invlforates the. entire
syatem In the most pleaslne
haa auoh a relaxing and
soothing effect patients go to
Bleep on It Make an appointment and Investigate for
We have the best equipped
sanitarium and the only one
Ooaat, using every method
for the elimination of
diseases hy
Drugless Methods
W« are still being persecuted by the B. C. Medical
Association. The sixth charge
afalmt ui waa dismissed.
Thay have araln appealed
the case, and this Is the second appeal. Is this not
the thousands who have benefited by Drugless Methods
Me to lt that thia be put a
stop to?
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Preildent. R. W. H»tlej;
StenUrr, J. Q. Smith. MeeU Srd Wed-
masisy eatb nontb la tht Pender Htll.
•oner sf Pender tad Howe itreeti.
Phoae ftty. 291,
ell—Meeta   seeond   Mender   la   Ue
Bonth.    pteeUent, J. P. McConnell: lte
fftiry, R. jj. NeeUnde. P. 0. Boi 4*.
seed brieklsym er muonB-lor boiler
worho,   etc.,   or  mnrble  getters,  phone
RrlohUyen' Union, Lnbor Temple.
0. B. U.—Preeldent, R. Andre; eecretary, W. fenlee. Meete 2nd ind 4th
Welneednr la eeeh month la Pender Hell,
tor. of Pender and Howe etreete. Phone
bay, in.      -
ploytot, Loesl 38—Meete erery eecond
Wedneedty ln the month at 3:80 pa.
and erery fonrth Wedneedty In the month
at 1:10 p.a. Preeldent, John Cunmlnp,
ieerer--y tnd bniloeet agent, A. Orebem
«_iee and meeting hall, 441 Sermonr St.
■.    Phone Sey. 1811.    Ofi» hoora, fl
aja. to 0 om,
 .   Loeal   8852—Offlee tnd
 .  161 Cordovs St. W.    Meete flret
tsd third PrldeTi, 8 p.m. Secretary
treaiurer, T, Nixon; bnaineis agent, P.
SlneUlr. .
kClH   "   '
era' Union—Meets Snd and 4th Mon-
isjs. Preeldent, J. E. Dawaon, 1046 Tew
St., Kltillano; iecretary, E. T. Kelly,
1150 Hutlngi St. E.; reeordlng eecretary,
L. Holdeworth, S80—14th St. W., North
WORKERS Dept. of the 0. B. U.—
An Industrial onion of nil workeri In log-
ding and eonatructlon camps. Coait Dlitrlet and Oeneral Headqosrten, 81 Cor-
'    i St. W., Vsnwow, B. 0. Phone Sey,
riot and flenenl Headqatrtere,
dova St. W-» Ttnooaver, B. 0. Pi
T858. E. Winch, general iecretary-
treaiurer; logal tdrlieri, Meairi. Bird,
Mtodonald k Co., Vtnconrer, B. C.; audi-
tore, Moure. Buttar A Chiene, Vancou
trot, B. Q. 	
—Afflliated with Tradea tnd Labor Conn-
til and Theatrical Federation, Vanconrer.
Pruldent, J. R. Footer; eecretary and
tieaiurer, T. W. Sopited. Offloe and meeting room, 810 London Building, Pender
ft. W. Regular meeting night, flnt
Sunday ln each month tt 7:80 p.m. Boalaaaa Agent, W, Woolrldge.   Phone Fraser
8ITL. ■
WfflRN     MAKERS'    LEAGUE     OF
North America  (Vancouver and viola-
(Note by Editor—The question of affiliation with the Third or Moscow
International, is being discussed ln Socialist circles throughout thr
world. The terms of affiliation have caused more than one split In Socialist parties. In view of those facts, and that Lenin Is no doubt aware
of all that these terms Imply, and that he ls a master of working-class
tactics, we feel that a perusal of the latest work of the head of the Soviet regime tn Russia, "Left Communism, An Infantile Disorder," will be
of great assistance to our readers in arriving at definite conclusions as
to the programme of the Third International. We therefore publish
In serial form the work referred to, and publish the 7th Instalment this
week. This work was published ln the Old Land by the British Communist Party.)
[By Nikolai Lenin]
(Continued from last week)
While the problem of publishing this brochure was being
solved in our country—robbed as she was by the Imperialists of the whole world, who are wreaking vengeance upon
her because of the proletarian revolution, and who continued to rob and blockade her ht spite of promises to
their own workers—there came from abroad additional
material. Not pfetendlng to make ln my brochure more
than general remarks of a publicist, I shall only briefly
touch upon some points.
The Split of the German Communist Party.
THE split of the Oerman Communists has become an accomplished
fact. The "Left" or "Opposition In principle" haa established
separate "Communist Labor Party" in contradistinction to the
"Communist Party." There Is evidence that Italy ls also approaching a
similar split. I make this statement subject to correction, as I only
possess the additional numbers—numbers 7 and 8—of the "Left" paper,
II Soviet, which openly deals with the possibility an.d the inevitably of
a split. There are also discussions concerning a forthcoming confer
ence of the "Abstentionlst" group (in other words, of the group of
boycottists or opponents of participation in Parliament) a group that
wae, hitherto, part of the Italian Socialist Party.
There ls reason to apprehend that the split with the "Left" anti-
parliamentarians, and partly also with the anti-politicals (who are in
opposition to the political parties and Trade Union activity), will become an International phenomenon, similar to the split with the "Centrists" (I.e., Kautsklans, the Longuetlsts, the Independents, and so forth.)
Be It so. A split is, at all events, preferable to a muddle, which is a
hindrance both to Ideological, theoretical and revolutionary growth;
a hindrance to the maturing ot the party and to its organized work of
praotical preparation for the dictatorship of the proletariat.
Let the "Left" make an attempt to prepare (and then to realize) on
a national and International scale, the dictatorship of the proletariat;
let them attempt to do this without a strictly centralized; disciplined,
party, capable of leading and managing every branch, every variety of
political and cultural work. Practical experience will soon make them
Every effort must be made ln order that the split with the "Left"
shall impede or hinder as little oh possible tho amalgamation into one
common party—inevitable In the hear future—of all participators In
the Labor Movement who are sincerely and whole-heartedly In favor
of tho Soviet system and proletarian dictatorship. It was a. peculiar
stroke of luck for the Russian Bolsheviks that they had fifteen years
of systematic and decisive fighting, both against the Mensheviks (that
Is to say, the opportunists and "Centrists") as well as against the "Left,"
long before, the .direct mass struggle for proletarian dictatorship. The
aame work has to be performed now In Europe and in America by means
of "forced marches." It may happen that individual personalities,
especially those belonging to the category of unsuccessful pretenders
to leadership, wtll, through the lack of proletarian discipline and "intellectual honesty," adhere for a long time to their mistakes. As far
as the working masses are concerned, when the moment arrives they
wtll amalgamate naturally, and unite all sincere Communists under a
common banner Into a common party, capable of realizing the Soviet
system and the dictatorship of the proletariat.*
*I ihall make tbo following romark with regard to the queition of the future
itniiljjanntlon of the "Left" CoiumuniaU (antl-pirltamontarlini) and Communists
generally. Ae fir ti I em judge by the acquaintance I have formed of the news-
papen of the "Left", and thane of the German Coinmun.aU In general, the Srat .have
the advantage over the second in that ther are better igitatora among tho masses. I
have repeatedly observed something analogous ln the hiBtory of the Bolshevik Party
—though on a smaller scale, and In individual local organizations, never on a national acale. For instance, In 1907-1908 the "Left" Bolsheviks had, upon certain
occasions and in many places, better success in propaganda among the masses than
we had. In a revolutionary moment, or at a time when revolutionary recollections
tre atlll fresh, it Is most easy to approach the masses with the tactics of mere negation. This, however, can hardly serve ae an argument for tha correctness of sucb
tactics. At all events, there ls not the least doubt that tho Communist Party, which
actually wishes to be the advance guard of the. revolutionary class of the proletariat
and whieh, In addition wishes to lead the general masses (not only the wide proletarian masses, but also the non-proletarian toilers and exploited), must necessarily
bo capable of propaganda, or organisation, and of agitation fn the most accessible,
moat comprehensible form; muat demonstrate clearly and graphically, not only for thc
town tnd factory man-ln-the-street, but alio for the whole of tbe village population.
Communists aad Independents in Germany.
IN my brochure I have ventured an opinion to the effect that & compromise between the Communists and the "Left" wing of the Independents is necessary an,d useful to Communism, but that it will
be difficult to effect this. The newspapers which I have subsequently
received have confirmed both aspects of my opinion. A "statement'
of the Central Committee of the Oerman Communist Party on.the military outburst of Kapp-Luttwltz and on the "Socialist Oovernment" has
been published In No. 32 of the Red Banner (Die Rote Fahhe, the
organ of the Communist Party of Oermany, March 26, 1920.) Prom
the point of view both of basic principle and of practical conclusions,
this statement is perfectly correct Its basic position is that an objective
basis is lacking at the present moment for proletarian dictatorship,
in view of the fact that the majority of the town workers are in favor
of the Independents. The conclusion arrived at was: The promise of
a "loyal opposition" to the Government, that is to sny, a repudiation
of an armed coup d'etat, provided that this be "a Socialist Government
excluding all capitalist and bourgeois parties."
Undoubtedly this was correct tactics. But, if it is hardly worth while
to dwell on trifling inexactitudes, yet it Is difficult to pass over in silence
such a glaring misunderstanding as the one caused by the official
atatement of the Communist Party; the government of social traitors Is
called "Socialist"; it Is hardly possible to speak of "the exclusion of
bourgols-capitallst parties" when the parties of both Scheidemann and
Messrs. Kautsky-Crtspien arc petlt-bourgeols-democrutlc; it is hardly
permissible to write such things as those contained in paragraph 4 of
the declaration, which Is to the following effect:—
In order further to gain the sympathy of the proletarian masses
tn favor of Communism, a state of things under which political
freedom can be fully utilized and under which bourgeois democracy
could ln no case manifest Itself as.a dictatorship of capital—such
a state of things is of great Importance from the point of view of
the development of proletarian dictatorship.    .   ,    ,
Such a state of things is an impossibility.    Petit bourgeois leaders,
the German Hendersons and Snowdens  (Scheidcmann and Crlsplen)
cannot possibly abandon bourgeois democracy, which in turn cannot
but be a capitalist dictatorship.   From the point of view of the attainment of practical results, as correctly pursued by the Central Committee of the Party, there was no necessity at all to write such a statement,
incorrect In principle and politically harmful.  If one wishes to Indulge
In parliamentary languuge, it is sufficient to say" So long as the majority of the town workers follow the Independents, we Communists
cannot possibly interfere with the workers in their desire to live out
their last Illusions of middle-class democracy (consequently, also bourgeois-capitalist Illusions) In practical experience with their own governments."   This is sufficient for the justification of the compromise, for
which there is a real necessity, and which means that, for a certain
period, aU attempts at a violent overthrow of the government which
enjoys the confidence of a majority of the town  workers  must  be
abandoned.   In every-day mass agitation, unconnected with any form
of officialdom or Parliamentary politeness, ft is, of course, quite possible to add:   "Let such knaves and fools as the Scheldemann's and the
Kautsky-Crlspiens actually reveal the full extent to   which   they  are
themselves deceived and to whloh they deceive the workers; their 'piirt'
government will,Itself make the 'cleanest' possible sweep of the Augean
stables of Socialism, Soolftl Democracy and all other forma of sooial
There la po foundation for the statement that the present leaden of
the Oerman Independent Social-Democratic Party have lost all influence; ln reality, they are more dangerous to the proletariat than the
Hungarian Social Democrats, who styled themselves Communists and
promised to "support" the dictatorship of the proletariat. The real
nature of these leaders has asserted Itself repeatedly during the Oerman Kornllov period—i.e, during the Luttwlta-Kapp ooup d'etat. The
short articles of Karl Kautsky. setrve as a miniature, but vivid, example- These are entitled "Decisive Moments" and appear in the Frelhelt, the organ of the Independents (March SO, 1920). There ts also
the article by Arthur Crlsplen entitled "The Political Situation" (Ibid,
April 14, 1920). These men are absolutely incapable of thinking'and
reasoning like revolutionaries. They are sentimental middle-class democrats, who are a thousand times more dangerous to the proletariat
when they proclaim themselves to be adherents of the Soviet system
and of proletarian dictatorship, for, as a matter of course, they will,
upon every critical and difficult occasion, commit acts of treason—
"sincerely" confident all the time that they are assisting the proletariat!
Is lt not a fact that, when the Hungarian Social-Democrats quailed and
whined before the agents of the Entente capitalists and the Entente
executioners, they claimed that all the time their one desire was to
"assist" the proletariat? And these were men who had undergone a
Communist baptism, but who, owing to their cowardice and lack of
character, considered the position of the Soviet Government in Hungary
as hopeless.
Turati ft Oo. in Italy.
THB copies of the Italian newspaper II Soviet, referred to above,
fully confirm all that I have said in my brochure regarding the
error of the Italian Socialist Party, which suffers ln Its ranks such
members and groups of Parliamentarians, It is still better confirmed
by a layman, ln the person of the Rome correspondent of the British
bourgeois Liberal newspaper the Manchester Guardian, whose Interview with Turatl Is published In that paper on March 12, 1920.
Signor Turatl, writes this correspondent, ts of the opinion thftt
the revolutionary peril Is not such as to cause undue anxiety In
Italy. The Maximalists are fanning the flame of Soviet theories only
to keep the masses awake and excited.   These theories are, however, merely legendary notions, unripe programmes, incapable cf
helng put to practical use.  They are useful only to maintain the
working classes in a state of expectation.  The very men who em
ploy them as a lure to dazzle proletarian eyes flnd themselves frequently compelled to fight a daily battle for the extortion of some
trifling economic advantages, so as to delay the moment when the
working class will lose, their Illusions and* faith ln their favorite
ninths.  Hence a long string of strikes of all sizes and with all pre-
texs, up to the very latest ones In the mall and railway services—
which make the already hard conditions of the country still worse.
The country iB irritated owing to the difficulties connected with its
Adriatic problem, It lis weighed down by its foreign debt and by
its inflated paper circulation, and yet lt ls far from realizing the
necessity of adopting that discipline of work which alone can restore order and prosperity.
It la as clear as daylight that the English correspondent has let Blip
the truth—which in all probability fa partly concealed and improved
upon by Turatl himself,  his bourgeois defenders, assistants, and in-
splrersln Italy.  The truth in question is to the effect that the Ideas and
the political activity of such men as Turatl, Treves, Modlglianl, Dugonl
and Co. Is actually and precisely such as that described by the British
correspondent.  It is social-treachery, pure and simple.   It is so symptomatic, this defence of "order and discipline" for workers who are
wage slaves, for workers who toil to enrich the capitalists.   And how
well we Russians are acquainted with all these Menshevlk speeches!
How valuable this recognition that the masses are In favor of the
Soviet form of government!  ThlB inability to conceive the revolutionary
importance of the strike wave,, growing lrrepresslbly, how stupid and
how meanly middle-class it Ib!   Yes, yes, the British correspondent bf
the bourgeois Liberal  paper haa rendered  an ill service  to  Messrs.
Turati and Co., and has well confirmed the just demands of Comrade
Bordiga and his friends of II Soviet, who are Insisting that the Italian
Socialist Party, if its intention to'go with the Third International be real,
should expel from its ranks witli all the ignominy they deserve Messrs.
Turati and Co., and should become a Communist Party not only ln word
but In deed. ' * ' '
Incorrect Conclusions Drawn From Correct Premises.
YET Comrade Bordiga dnd his "Left" friends draw from their correct criticism of Messrs. Turati and Co. the wrong conclusion that
r/HlPAT Apij;!  t. IH/
and Work Boots
NJOT the ordinary cheaply made boots that will ruin your feet in
^ the-wearing, but boots that are hand lasted and fitted, made of
soft pliable oil tan leather by well-paid workmen who know their
work. These boots do not require breaking in but are comfortable
from the time you start wearing them. They are guaranteed to hold
caulks because the sole leather used is of the very best quality. They
have Paris' own special heel and arch to-prevent broken down shanks
and turned counters. Not boots made to compete with cheap grades
but boots that have every require ment needed to make the very best
Write for catalogue and price list We can ship your order the
same day as received except where made to measure.
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
Hr) — Brsnek m er le aeoond md lourth
Hon dm, 111 Pendor Rt. W. Prosidont,
Wm. Buntor, 118 Tenth An., North Tin'
fftver; i.n.ncl-1 secretory, E. Qoddord,
tie Blehorde Streot; rooordlnf secret..,,
J. D. HusteU, Booth Rd, XoK. 7 P. O.,
jaraaby, B. 0. .j.
on Brldfmen, Derrick men and Rlfiers
tf V_n.o_.er and .lelnltr. Hoots e.er,
Honday, I p.m„ In O. B. C. Hall, 104
render M. W. President, i. Brooks;
•uncial HOreUry nnd Iniinee. .font, W
^sohor.   Phono, Boymonr fl01.	
ftht—attuou, u»_o* Ro.  .20-
Heels tool Sunday of oaoh month al
I p.m. President, 1. I. Robb; rice-
pml. Ml, 0. H. Collier; iiooreMrylrou-
. rer, R. H. ______ Be. 68.
ness nient, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dum*
frloa Streot; offlco cornor Prior and Main
Sta.  Phone Poir »»04R.	
of tho 0. B. U. moots on the flrst nnd
third Wsdnesday of erery month. All
membera ln thla dlatrlct nro invited to
Provincial Unions
tnd  Ltbor ConneU—Ut.lt Int ltd
Slrd Wednoedoye, Kuij.u nf Pythlna
ill, North Park Strset, al 8 om. President, 0. Siverts; vice-president, R. Elliott; secretary-treasurer, E. S. Wood-
wnrd, P. 0. Boi 8M, Victoria, B. 0.
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Heeta A. 0. P. Htll, Vount Pleasant
Iat and 8rd Mondays tt 10.16 a.m. tnd t
p.m. Prosldent, P. A. Hoover. 9408 Clarke
Drive; rocordlnr-secretary, P. E. Grlttn,
447—8th Avenue Etet; treasurer, E. S.
Cleveland:   flnan*Ut-S-.r.tarv   ..*   htsl-
Secretary-treasurer, N, Booth, Box 317,
Prince Rupert.
PRINCE  RUPERT  0.  B.   U.—Secretary-treasurer, N. Booth, Box 217, Princo
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meete every Tuesday In the Mclntyre Hall at 8 p.m. Meet-
Ini. open to all 0. B. U. members. Sec-
retery-tre-eursr, N. Booth, Box 317
Print* Rupert. B, 0.
SAVE HONEY by using
Smaller Grades ot
Stove $12.50 Ton
The demand for this conl lt
proof of the quality.
Thla Is the best HOUSEHOLD
OOAIj tn Vancouver, bar
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson      ;
Phone Sey. 404-5-6
parliamentary partlclpatlbri ■ Is harmful generally. The Italian
"Left" are incapable of bringing forward even a shadow ol! serious
argument fn support of thljfvfew; They do not know (or they are trying to forget), the International Instances of actual revolutionary and
Communist utilization of the bourgeois parliaments—a utilization which
ls essential for the proletarian revolution. They simply fall to conceive
the new tactics and, repeating themselves endlessly, they keep up the
cry regarding the old non-Bolshevik utilization of parliamentarism.
This is thetr cardinal mistake. Communism must Introduce ita new
method, not only Into parliament, but in every sphere of activity. The
aim of this new method Is, whilst retaining and developing all that Is
good In the Second International, radically to break with the traditions
of that International; but without long and persistent labor this cannot be effected.
As an instance, let ub take the Press. Newspapers, brochures, proclamations fulfil a necessary work of propaganda, agitation and organization. Without a Journalistic apparatus, no single mass government
can go o_n in a more or less civilized country. And, to carry on the work
of the Press, It is absolutely necessary to employ the services of men
from the bourgeols-Tntellectual class. No outcry against leaders, no
kln,d of pledge or promise to preserve- the purity of the masses from
their influence, can abolish this necessity, can abolish the bourgeois
democratic setting and atmosphere of property In which this .work Is
being carried'on under capitalism. Even two and a half years after
the overthrow of the bourgeoisie and the acquirement of political power
by the proletariat, we still sec around us this atmosphere of mass
(peasant and craftsman)  bourgeois-democratic, properly relations. ,
Parliamentarism is one form of activity, journalism Is another. Both
can be Communist and should be Communist, when the active workers
ln either sphere are really Communists, are really members of the proletarian mass party. Yet In one aa well as Jn the other (and, for the
matter of that, in any sphere of activity), under the system of capitalism and during the transition period from capitalism to Socialism, St
Is impossible to avoid those difficulties which are inherent in their present organization. It ls for the proletariat to solve the problem of utilizing for Its own ends Its assistants, press or political, of a bourgeois
turn of mind; of gaining a victory over the bourgeois intellectual prejudices und influences; of weakening and, ultimately, of completing the
transformation of the petit-bourgeois atmosphere.
Have we not all been witnesses of an abundance of Instances, In all
countries prior to the war of 1914-1918, of extreme "Left" Anarchists,
Syndicalists and others denouncing parliamentarism, and deriding par*
liamentary Socialists who became middle-class, flaying them as place'
seekers and so forth, and yot themselves making thc same kind of
bourgeois career through the Press and through syndicalist trade union
activity? To quote only France, are not the examples of Messrs, Jouhaux and Merrheim typical enough? t,
That Is why the "repudiation" of participation In Parliament Is mere
childishness. Those who would boycott Parliament think it possible to
"solve," by such a "simplo" and "easy", allegod revolutionary, method,
the difficult problem of the Btruggle against bourgeois democratic influences within the labor movement. In reality they are fleeing from
their own shadow, they are closing thoir eyes to difficulties, and satisfying themselves with mere words. And there ls no doubt whatever that'
capitalism universally generates, not only outside the labor movement,
but also within lt, certain prevailing characteristic traits, such as shameless place-hunting, a bourgeois rcadlnesB to accept soft Jobs in the Government, a glaring reformist corruption in parliamentary activity, de-
3pieuble middlo-elnss routine. But this capitalist and bourgeois atmosphere disappears but slowly*'eveiruf ter the overthrow or the bourgeoisie
(owing to tlie fact that the latter is constantly reborn trom the peasantry), and the same atmosphere tends to permeate evory sphere of
activity and life, still reappearing in the form of place-hunting, national
chauvinism and mlddle-clussnCrfsof outlook and attitude, etc.
To yourselves, dear boycottists and anti-parliamentarians, you seem
to be "terribly revolutionary,!' but in reality you are intimidated by
comparatively small difficulties In the struggle against bourgeois influences within the labor movement, when actually your victory—i.e., the
overthrow of the bourgeoisie.and the conquest of the political power
by the proletariat, will create these, very difficulties on an Infinitely larger
scale. Like children, you have become frightened of a difficulty which
confronts you today, failing- to understand that, tomorrow and the day
after, you will have to learn to overcome the same kind of difficulties,
but on a far larger acale. j
Undor the Soviet form of government, both our and your parties are
Invaded by an ever-growint? number of bourgeois intellectuals. They
will flnd their way Into the-Soviets, and Into the courts of law, and into
every sphere of administration, as it Is impossible to build up Communism otherwise than out of the' human material created by capitalism.
Since it is impossible to expel and to destroy the bourgeois intelligentsia,
It becomes indispensable to conquer this Intelligentsia, to change, to
retain and to re-educate It, Just as lt is necessary to. re-educate, in the
process of a long struggle, the proletariat Itself, on the basis of proletarian dictatorship. Tho proletariat cannot abolish Its own petit-buor-
geols prejudices at one miraculous stroke; this can be accomplished
neither by the command of the Virgin Mary, nor by any slogan, resolution, or decree, but only by dint of a long and difficult mass struggle
against petit-bourgeois influence. The same problems which at the presont time the anti-parliamentarians brush aside with ono hand so proudly,
so loftily, so lightly, so childishly, will, under the Soviet system of government, arise within the very Soviets themselves, within the Soviet
administration, with the Soviet "legal defenders." We have done well
to abolish in Russia the bourgeois law fraternity, but it is reviving here
under the cover of Soviet "legal defenders." In the case of the Soviet
engineers, the Soviet teachers, and the privileged (i.e., the better skilled
and better paid) working men at tho Soviet factories, we observe r
constant revival of absolutely all the "negative traits peculiar to thi
bourgeois parliamentarism. It ls only by dint of a constant, untiring,
long and stubborn struggle of proletarian organization and discipline
that we can gradually conquer this evil.
(Continued on Dajro 7*
British "Unofficial" Bodies of Workers io Hold
a Unify Meeting
Manchester — An Important
movement is afoot for unifying all
tha "unofficial" bodies of workers
in England, Scotland and Wales,
whloh ln their various industries
represent tha ahop stewards
their equivalent element.
The National Administrative
Council of the'Shop Stewards has
recently conferred with repreBen
tatlves of tho miners from Ave
areas, the dockers, and the Scottish movement, and it was concluded that tha time has arrived to coordinate all tha unofficial organizations In the various industries.
To this end a conference will be
held at Wicker, Sheffield, from
Maroh SI to April 3, attended by
representatives of the Workers
Committees, Reform Committees,
Vigilance Committees and tho Ilka.
Common Polloy
The business will ba to outline
and elect a national committee,
consisting of two representatives
of each of tha areas, North England, South England, Scotland,
Wales and to outline a policy for
co-ordinating through that committee the activities of. all committees operating at tha point of
A report will bo presented on the
relationship of the Shop Stewards
and the Workers Committees to
the Communist Party and consid
eration will be given to these on
1. The world revolution and the
immediate task before the Industrial organizations of British workers.
2. The unions and dictatorship.
8.   State ownership and control
of Industry.
4,   Unemployment
5.. The dictatorship of the proletariat
6. IV -uishlp to the Red In
Minn* r la'rs, rallwaymen and
englm > * *_*• Hkely to be strongly
"nlon Button?
Can Take Them Away
Says Supreme Court
of New York
(By The Federated Press,)
Mew Tork.—"The f%ct must not
be lost eight of that the right to
picket, which Is regarded In the
eyes of the union as a sacred ono,
was created by the courts and
solely by them, and lt Is that tribunal whioh must correct abuses
If any arise under the determinations made by them."
Thus speaketh the Supreme
Court of the state of New Tork,
ln adding one more to the long
series of injunctions, granted at
the behest of employers. The dls<
covery that a right la or has been
"created by the courts and solely
by them" Is anounced In a lengthy
Opinion by Justice Erlanger In
which labor unions are scolded.
The Injunction was granted to the
management of the Pre-Catalan
Restaurant against officers and
members of the National Federation of Workers fn the Hotel,
Restaurant, Lunchroom, Club and
Catering Industry. About 100
employees of the restaurant went
on etrlke in February.
Two other paragraphs In the
opinion throw a striking light on
the attitude of the judiciary. One
of them refers to court rulings
which countenance peaceful picketing.    The other follows:
"Picketing, unaccompanied by
threats and Intimidation, ls a useless weapon. Its effectiveness
and its very essence Is In the terror that tt excites. If.done peaceably lt would be futile.*
In view of the Judicial tolerance of peaceful picketing, followed Immediately by the Judicial declaration that peaceful
picketing Is a "useless weapon,"
labor organisation officials and
members here are asking just
what may be the solution of the
riddle. Can lt be that the courts
were having their little Joke when
they conferred upon.labor unions
the "right" tp ploket peaceably
and "uselessly?"
Girb Bathe in Champagne <
at Strange Paris
Britishers, Canadians and oth. ra i
who went overseas to protect
France trom the terrible (?) Huns,
and In the effort, thousands of Uvea.,
were lost, thousands ot others wert.
maimed tor Ute, and thousand, of >
families were deprived of their
bread-winners. And today, while
thousands of these fighters and
their families are feeling the pangs
of hunger, walking the streets
looking for work, and generally
making a miserable existence, wa
read the following news Item, reprinted from the London Sunday
Paris has been left breathless by
an orgy of voluptuousness within
a stone's throw of the Arc de Trl-
The scene was a mansion, and
the actors were FOREIGNERS;!
TUNES IN OIL, and a bevy of
beautiful womon. The house bad
been decorated to resemble a bar-
em. Heavy curtains hung from the,
walls, low divans and huge cushions took the place of chairs, tha'
rooms were bathed in soft violet
light and a hidden orchestra tiled
the house with langorous muslo.
The meal was a succession of extravagant dishes, and tha climax
came when the curtains concealing
a apace in the middle of the oval
table were drawn aside and ra*
vealed a bathing pool fed by fountains, from which gushed chi
pagne, In which two beautiful (trig
were swimming. Before the revel-
concluded the whole of the womea
guests had Joined the bathera.
Before making tr purchase^ laok
up our list of advertisers on page 7,
and then patronize one of theee
and by so doing give Tbe IWon.
tlonlst a boost
Just a few copies of that remar*,
able book "Red Europe" left. Ru.l
In your orden Fifty cents; pest
paid from thla office.
Knowledge Is Power
The following books on working-class history and economics are to be
given away as prizes among our readers who take the. time and effort to
help increase our circulation. Anybody can get subscriptions among
their workmates or neighbors if tney take up the subject with those who
are not absolutely antagonistic towards working-class progress.
Try your hand at sub-hustling and when you have sent in a total of
five or more subs you can have your choice of the following:
Ancient Society -.....:. _ (Morgan^
Critique of Political Economy  (Marx)
Essays on the Materialistic Conception of	
History ,. _.  .— (Labriola^
Landmarks of Scientific Socialism  (Engles)
Philosophical Essays (Dietzgen)
Positive Outcome of Philosophy — _. (Dietzgen)
Socialism an<^ Philosophy (Labriola)
History of Canadian wealth (Myers)
Physical Basis of Mind and Morals .... (Fitch)
The Students Marx   (Aveling)
Those tending in 30 subscriptions csn have a choice of any three of the above.
Those sending in 20 subscriptions ean have a choice of any two, and those sending
in ten subscriptions can have a choice of any one. A oopy of "Bed Europe," by An-
rtey, or a copy of the "Economic Causes of War," by Leckie," will be sent to everj;
one sending in five subscriptions.
A special prize will be given to the one sending in
the most new subscriptions before May 1st.
Two half-yearly subs will be counted as one yearly.
Subscription price, $2.50 per year, $1.50 half year.
Help the Fed and Build Up Your Library
..April 1, Ull
thirteenth tear. no. ii THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDUKAHONIST VAMocnvra, m. e.
Junior Labor League
In Aid of the Federationist
Maintenance Fund
Cotillion Hall
FRIDAY, APRIL 1st, 1921
Whist at 8:15
Dancing 9 to 12
Gents. 50c.
Ladies 25c,
Tickets can be obtained from any member of the Junior League or at
the Federationist Offlce.      \
Guaranteed Coal
If onr coal ii not tatis-
factory to yon, after yon
hate thoroughly tried It
out, we will remove what
coal ia left and charge yon
nothing for what you have
Tou to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Mn&M Seymonr 1441 and Mt
W. E. Fenn's School
Phones: Sey. 101—Sey. 80B8-O
Sooial Dances Monday, Wedneaday and Saturday.
peiktsbs. potiishebs, stereo,
ttfbbi ahd bookb-ndbbs
Union Offlclsli, writ* for pricei.   We
On ul after JU. 1.1920, we will be
lecate^ it 111- HOWE ST.
Baok to the Land
Bdltor ». C. Federationist: It
any member ef tha working elaas
thinks he ean better hla oondltlon
by coins on the land, let him read
A number of people In North
Burnaby have spent the beat years
of thalr Ufe ln clearing up small
plots of land by tlie most primitive
methods, and laborious work,
(which la the only way a poor man
oan clean up a pleoe of land),
after aU that drudgery they are
Juat able to eke out a bare subsistence. Then, Just aa they are beginning te flgure out whether they
ate really, atter all. better oft than
the unemployed In tha elty, the
government atop* tn and decides
the queatlon for them, by ordering
them to pay for a re-survey, which
waa' made of their lands, and also
compensate people who had bought
land from other parties, part of
whloh never existed, except on the
map, Most of the stump ranchers
have to pay/ from $100 $400, besides ordinary taxes this summer
or the land will be sold. So the
Question haa been decided, and lots
of them are saying, "What's the
use." We might a* well join the
So it any worker wants to go
back on the land, let htm work for
the' cause of Socialism, then when
the Co-operative Commonwealth 1b
established, he can start on the
land right, and with the aid of up-
to-date machinery and scientific
knowledge, and working collectively, ln a few hours' work every day,
can have all his material wants
satisfied, and then will have time
tor leisure and enjoyment
J. B. A1IOS,
Loohdale, P. p., Burnaby.
Be Dixon and Bayley
Bdltor B. C. Federatlonist: Kindly give me a little space la your
very valuable paper In reference to
a news item of March 11 about the
attitude of some members of the
Dominion Labor Party to F. J.
Dixon and W. D. Bayley, I read
about tho censorship- and several
remarke of several members of said
party in the Winnipeg Labor News,
and found tt a Uttlt strange that
theae men ehould be ridiculed for
leaving the D. L. P. and Joining up
with the I. L. P. We in tha maritime province of Nova Scotia have
a very high regard for these two
men, especially F. J. Dixon. One
Just has to read of the presentation
of his case before the Jury, at Winnipeg to know the calibre of suoh
a man, and we are not surprised
that they left such a crowd composed of men such aa Robinson,
Hoop, Rigg, eto. These men have
demonstrated by their actions that
they are only the amall cogs of 'the
Qompers. Moore and Draper machine. Anyone ln the Labor movement today knows that lf ever the
laboring classes are to be emancipated lt will not be through the
A. F. of L. or the Trades Congress
of Canada. We will have to have
something more progressive, and
we believe that the Independent
Labor Party of Canada will be that
body in the future. I cannot distinguish the difference between the
D. L, P. of Canada and the F. L. P.
of B| C, and the I. L. P.. They ara
working-class parties politically,
and should function for that olass
alone. We ln Cape Breton have
been organized since 1917; ln 1920
we branched further and became a
provincial organization, and I now
think the time has arrived when
all the Labor parties of Canada
should come under one flag and one
organization, to be known as the
Independent Labor Party of Canada. There cannot be any need
for all these different bodies where
labor ls concerned. We should all
get together and become a national'
body to legislate for all the working olass of Canada, To further
this end I would suggest a Dominion convention from coast to
coast to embrace all the different
Big Affair Staged by Womea'a labor League ln Aid of '
Tbe Federadoniat
A big concert and dance If being held In Ladysmith in the New
Finn  hall,  on Saturday  evening,
AprU t, under the auspices of th*
Women's Labor League.   Tk* pro-
ceeda will go to The Federationist
Maintenance Fund.
Before making a purchase, look
up our list of advertisers on page 7,
and then patronize one of tbem,
and by ao doing giv* The Federatlonist a boost
Chicago—Reports coming Igto
the headquarters of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher
Workmen of Araelrca show an
overwhelming vote in favor of a
strike should the government or
the Amalgamated be unable to In-
duoe th* paokera to maintain the
eight-hour day ln compliance with
the agreement entered Int* with
the United States department at
Labor. The returna to data ar*
36,819 for and IIT against
labor parties of eaoh province. Th*
provincial branches can tak* car*
of ttelr own separate province Ba
th* looal houses, but th* national
party would look after th* federal
legislation. ' I hop* you will publlah
this letter, and lt it should' matt
favorably with othtr provinces, I
would suggest that auch a conven-
ttlon would tak* plan* th* week
following the convention of th*
Trades and Labor Congreaa of Canada. The time would be most convenient, as delegatea to the Trade*
and Labor convention who are interested in suoh a mov* could hav*
credentials to attend. Suoh a
course would save a consierable expense ln transportation, aa they
(th* delegatee) would be on lth*
spot. In conclusion let m* add w*
are glad to read ln your paper the
confidence that la plaoe In F. J.
Dixon an W. D. Bayley by th*
affirmation of the men who signed
thla declaration, who, I feel sure,
ore proud to call auch men colleagues In the Manitoba Parliament Also I wish you every suo-
cess ln your drive for funds to
maintain your paper. It ia th* best
labor paper tn Canada, without exception, and I hope it will never
cease to exist and hop* its circulation will be doubled. I am advocating it as a solid labor paper, but
at the preaent time It ls hard to get
along, as w* are only working halt
tlm* in th* mines ln Cap* Breton,
and' subs ar* a difficult question.
Wishing th* Federatlonist and
yourself, Mr. Editor, every success
I hav* th* honor to remain.
Tours very respectfully,
Preeldent C, B. Branch of
the I. L. P. of Nova Scotia.
Dominion, N. &, March 19.
South Vancouver Unemployed
Bdltor B, C. Federatlonist: R*
th* South Vancouver unemployed
merging with the Worker*' Council.
Speaking as a member of the unemployed, and also a member of
the Federated Labor Party, I wouid
take lt as a favor If you would insert the following In the next edition of your paper. We the unemployed body of South Vancouver
received a letter from the Workers*
Counoll asking us to merge our
forces In thetr body, stating they
would oarry on business for us by
a sub-committee eleoted by the
Workers' Council, our own committee to be dispensed wtth. We
as a body turned this down, on the
grounds that any body should bs
governed by Itself and Its officers
and committee be elected on th*
floor in its own meetings. Now
as a body welcome the formation
of a Workers' Council. We sent
and have been sending our delegatea to the council. Now th*
counoll aa a body say we are not
one of them at all. I fail to see lt
I may be dense, but will the council publish their views. At this
time we can't afford to bicker. Let
ua get an understanding, so that
we ean get something don*
toward the time when we can pro-,
duoe for use and not for profit
Yours truly,
2229—47th Ave. E„ March 34, 1911
These Firms Advertise iii the Federationist
You Can Help the Paper By Patronizing Them
Here They Are, Indexed for You
Mr. Union Maa, Cut This Out and Give It to Your Wile
Love a. Co, —  670 Seymour Street
risdalls Limited  Ul Hastings Btreet Wast
Jon Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms) Baitings Street Bast
Boots and Shoes
Pierre Paria M Hastings Strwt West
KaoLaohlan-Taylor Company Ht Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros. A Clarke ....  «6 Hastings Street West
Boot and Shoe Repairing
'ierre Paris  $4 Hasting* Street West
Mew Method Shoe Repairing   187 Carrall Street
Books and Periodicals
International Book Shop  Corner Hastings and Columbia Streeta
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
Downle Sanitarium, Ltd, 15th Floor Standard Bank Bldg.
Or. Lee Holder 74 Fairfield Building
Or. _' Walton ,. 310-811 Carter Cotton Bldg, 198 Hastings St. W.
Vancouver X-Ray Institute 614 Standard Bank Building
Clothing and Men's Outfitting
D. K. Book ^Hastings W.
Hhlnans, Ltd. 163 Hastings Street West
Jlubb ft Stewart  ..-.._ 300-316 Hastings Stroet West
Wm. Dick Ltd i 83-49 Hastings Streot Eaat
D. Bruce : _ :.401 Hastings Street West
Slew York Outfitting Co. ...... 148 Hastingi Street West
W. B. Brumitt Cordova Street
Kirk ft Co., Ltd , 929 Main St, Soymour 1441 and 408
Canadian Wood and Coal Co 1440 Qranvllle Street. Phone Sey. 6290
.McNeill, Welch & Wilson 420 Cambie St. Phones Sey. 404-406-406.
Dancing Lessons
W. E. Fenn Dancing School Cotillion Hall
Dr, Brett Anderson - 609 Hastings West
Dr. VV. J. Curry............... * 301 Dominion Building
- Drinks
Britannia Beer Westminster Brewery Oo.
Cascade Beer . Vancouvor Breweries Ltd.
Van Bros _ ciders and wine*
Dry Goods
Famoua Cloak ft Bult Co 813 Hastings Street West
Brown Bios, ft Co. Ltd. 48 Hastingi Bast and 788 Qranvllle Stnet
Funeral Undertakers
Harron Bros. _ „.. 2398 Oranvillo Street
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co _ aas Klngsway
Nunn and Thomson _ 631 Homer Street
Hastings furniture Co— .41 Hastings Street Wert
Home Furniture Co 418 Main St, Phone Sey| 1297.
"Slaters" (three stores) Hastings, OranvUle and Main Streetl
Cal Van'Market  - Hastings St W.
Calhoun's, Ltd „ CI Hastings Street Bast
Black and White Hat Shop _   Hastings and Abbott
O. B. Allan . ii .'.480 Granville Street
Masseurs, Etc.
M. F. Bby, B.A., M.B., 999 Broadway West
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookhouse -   1129 Howe Street
Taxi Service
Stanley Steam Taxi Co 884 Abbott Street
Theatres and Movies
 .__— Orpheum -  Pant) gas
'left Wing" Communism
£r -An Infantile Disorder
(Continued tram peg* 8)
True enough, undtr bourgeois domination it I* meat "dltBouIt"
conquer bourgeois habits in on*'* own party—te., th* labor party; It I*
."dUBaqlf te expel tram th* party th* accustomed parliamentary leader*
.whb ai* hopelwsiy corrupt witb bourgwls prejudice*; tt ia. "difficult"
to subjeot th* abaolutely necessary, even II limited, number et hour-
gaols lntelleotuals to proletarian dlsoipllna; it I* "dlffioult" to form, in
th* bourgeois parliament, a Communist Oroup worthy ot th* working
class; it la "dlffloulf to eqsure that th* Communist parllamentarlaha do
not engage In th* bourgeois parliamentary gam* of wire-pulling, but
tak* up th* necessary and actual work ef agitation, propaganda and organlutlon of th* maaeea All thla la most "difficult," there Is no doubt
about it; tt waa a difficult thing ln Russia, and It la a atlll mora difficult
thing in Western Burope and ia America, where the bourgeoisie la tir
stronger, and.wh.r. bourgeois democratic traditions, and ao forth, an
mor* hide-bound,
Tet all theee "difficulties" ar* plaything* tn comparison with th* same
kind of problem* with whioh th* prolrtarlat will inevitably be confronted Juat th* same, add whloh It will b* obliged to solve for the sak* of
tta vlotory, both during th* revolution aad after th* oonqueet st pow*r
by th* proletariat During th* period ef proletarian dictatorship It will
become necessary to ra-tducate millions et peasants and *ir|ali-owner»
of property, hundred* ef thousands ot employees, sf ofliciala, and of
bourgeois latolleotaaiai lt will become neoeaaary to subject tham all to
the proletarian Stat* and te proletarian leadership, to suppress and con.
mier in thua thalr bourgeois habits aad traditions. In comparison with
then truly gigantic problem* It becomes a childishly easy mattor to
•rtabllah, under th* bourgeoia dictatorship ahd in th* beurgeola parliament, a real Communist Group of a real proletarian party._
It onr "L*ft" oomradea and antt-parllamentarlans tall' now to learn
to overcome mo iuch small difficulties, w* may aaeert with confidence
that thty will prat* Incapable of realiiing proletarian dictatorship, of
dealing on a large seal* with the problem of changing th* bourgeois
Intellectuals and th* bourgtola Institution*, Alternative*, they will htve
to oomplete their education la a hurry; and thia haat* will render great
harm to th* oauee tt th* proletariat, and will cause It to oommit mora
•mra than uwtj, wd to manifest mor^ weakness and Inefficiency than
Bo long a* th* bourgeoisie la not overthrown, and, subsequently, until
small economy aad small produotlon hav* utterly disappeared—the boar-
gaols atmosphere, proprietary habits, middle-due traditions, wtll impair tha proletarian work, tram without a* wall aa from wltMn th* labor
movement; not only In the ono spher* of parliamentary activity, but
unavoidably In eaeh and every sphere et social activity, in eaoh and ln
every branoh of politi**, culture and Ufa, thia bourgeoia atmoephere will
manifest itself. Th* attempt to brush aside, to do away with, on* of
th* "unpleasant* problem* or difflcultie* In one field of activity, Is a
profound mistake and one whieh will hav* to be paid for dearly, tt ll
necessary to learn wd to master *v*ry sphere of activity and work without exception, to overcome all difficulties and all bourgeoia habits,' customs, and traditions. To put th* question in wy other torm is to refuse
to treat It seriously, and I* mere childishness.
May 18, 1888.
IN th* Russian text of thl* book, I In wm* degree misrepresented th*
conduct ot th* Dutch Communist Party, aa a wholo. In International
revolutionary politic*. I therefore tak* this opportunity to publish
th* letter, given below, of th* Dutoh comrade* on this point wd, fur-
there, to eorreat th* expression "Dutch Tribunlata," whloh I used in th*
Russian version, wd to substitute for It "som* members of the Dutoh
Communist Party."
A Letter From Wijnkoop.
ii''' •      Jun* 30, 1988.
Bear Comrade Lenin,—
HANKS to your klndnea* we, the member* of th* Dutoh Delegation
to the Second Congress of tho Communist International, oould look
o*»r your book, "Left Wing-' Communism: An Infantile Disorder,
before th* translations into th* Western European language* war* pub.
. In thie book of yours, you emphasiae several time* your disapproval
of the role *om* of the members ot th* Dutoh Communist Party Bland
In international politic
**t*\ however, must protect against your making th* Communist Party
reepopelble for their deed*. It I* utterly Incorrect Moreover, It Is un-
iJqat For theso members at th* Dutch Communist Party hardly, or not
at all, participated In th* *v*ry-day flght of our party; also, dlreotly
Jf.jtndlreotly, they an trying- to introduce oppositional slogans In th*
Ctoinmunist Party, against whloh th* Dutch Party, wd everyone of Ita
|OW*n* with all their energy, hav* fought wd ar* fighting, up till today,
P»n.'. Fraternally yours,
"'X (Por the Dutch Delegation,)
All Sections of the Labor
Movement Show Fight
to British
(Br Hftltn Augur, Staff Corrwpon-
dent th* Federated Presa)
Ireland would hare a workera*
government U aha were free today.
The two trim young man who
made thla atatement ar* Frank
Dempiey and Donal O'Callaghan.
mayon of Mallow and Cork. Juit
now they ar* fighting for Ireland's
Hf* and trying to enllet America on
thalr eld*. When thsy ar* through
wtth that fight, thay will go on
with th* battl* for a oo-op»r
atlv* oommonwealth. Th* British
landlords must go first, thsn ths
Irish, they say.
Dempsey aad Engineer*
Dempiey Is a member of ths Associated Soolety of Engineer* of
Ireland. He aays hs ls just llks ths
other Irlih union men. When your
country's life Is threatened, you've
got' to forget everything els* and
try to save lt.
The Lord Mayor of Cork looks
llks an American college man.
But one ourt, stsrn senteno* from
him transforms that Impression,
Tou know then that he li a revolutionist, who Is not forgetting that
of late lt has meant death to be
th* Lord Mayor of Cork. He
seems to havo fought out all th*
vagaries and lndeolslons of youth,
and to have dismissed sentiment
and regrgt and fear.
'■   Irish Labor Is Powerful
Dempsoy is ths more typical Irishman of th* two. as far as coloring goes. There Is a high color
In his cheeks, a frank red In hli
hair, and a dazzling gleam In hie
blue eyes. OCallaghan fights ill-
ently. Dempsey with a song or a
joke on hla Ups. Thsy both flght
all the time, with that unmistakable concentration of an Irishman
who drew revolt ln with his mothers !.nllk. I saw that same concentration in Annie MaoSwinneys face,
any year* ago in Mrs, Sheehy
SkeDlngtons. »
t, Ireland has tn* moit complete
mechanism for a Labor government In Kurope, said Dempsey.
'Tell mo what oountry has 90
per cont. of its workers organized,"
hs demanded, "In th* Irish trade
union congress both tht craft and
industrial unions are united. Even
the radical shop oouncll movement,
which is particularly strong in the
milling centres, belongs to tho congress.
'The war with England has
bridged the natural group divisions In the Irish Labor and Radical movement. Under normal conditions theee differences In philosophy and tactics would be as distinct as in other countries, but th*
nation's dilemma has brought evon
the Communists into a united
"In the last general eletclon no
Russia Opens Up Trade
and Treaties With
More Nations
Military and diplomatlo viotor-
les by th* Russian government
are fitting oontrlbutiona to the
celebration ot the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Paris Commune, an
official dlapatoh from Moscow,
dated Maroh 1», aad reoelved here
by "Soviet Ruaela.' seta forth.
The dlapatoh Uke* oooaslon onoe
more to pillory anti-Russian propaganda, calling attention specifically to ona of the most recent
falsehoods eent to American newspaper* abojjt th* "bombing" of
Odessa. Other Items In th* cable
"On Maroh 11 an important
treaty waa signed bttween Turkey
and Ruaela. forming a new link
ln the bond of friendship between
Russia and Asia and putting the
Ud on tntperlallatlc intrigue* In
the Near East The Polish-Russian peace treaty waa concluded
oa Maroh It.
'The Roumanian foreign minister haa announced the departure
to Revel of delegates to negotiate
an agreement between Russia and
Roumania.     A Russian    govern-
La bor group ran it* own candidate.
The one question at issue was whether the candidate was a member
of the Sinn Fein or not. As lt
happens, however, one-fourth of
the members of the Dail Elroann
are- union men. The majority of
the others are definitely pro-labor."
Four Essential Points^
•at see sMeUed li ear ledgers' Bests aal wttkest whisk ae host wfl
Head apsad gtvs ttat isMS-icBea yea wosli sapest
•TOAMUtT (Ss. 1 sleek thmegkeet); M—   »UM te year M  .
uinli IR (MM te It yeu feet an **a*)l AICTABAgOl   (IsoM
letter aa* It lighter la wdgkt lata aay eUes Wet aade).
If yea seed yeu order by nail, ws will skip ilea aasvs day, pesiege. paid. .
Hie "New Method" Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
837 OARRALL STREET Phone Seymonr 8217
o. b. v. BMP
Millions of $ $ $$
TO BE mads nr
on. nsLDS m thb hiab nnron
IIICTADV "V** "*•"• Th* ********—— la the new on
IUjJII/IVI field* getting In oa th* ground Bate ban prove*
IMPI-DIAI ou Co- hM »nTn *•>• *•>* *» hrlnglng ta
llfirCiUAL a good commercial well at TII faet near Fort
Norman, and w* hav* a leaa* near this well
TBYAQ paid th* flret y*ar la dividend* mat* money thaa
1CAAO   anything In the history of th* world.
w* have here th* maaterpoo! ef th* world, and
i aeon t* Canada Oaa her other eomblned   _*■
niCrAVrDV W,u 1» Burk-Bennett, Texas, paid Ftftooa
UIOVU YEJVI    Thousand Dollara (lll.MMI) for every
1100 Invested.
' —   .
buy* from ua a |100 unit aa long aa It laat*.
many a* yon oan today.
Quick,   gigs tha attached coupon.
Bay a*
Tomorrow may be too lata.
Toa participate la
all our holdings aad get th* beneflt of all onr drilling
co ntraota. .
what Cornellua Vand.rbllt aald:   "Buy Opportunities .
and sell Ao.ilr.emeats."
Western Oil Brokerage, 417 Pender St W.
Buy for rae..
.shares at 10 oent* par
•bar* (par value 11.00) In th* Mackensle Riv*r Drilling aad
Petroleum Co., for whioh enclose pleas* find I..
ment representative arrived la
Italy on March 11, thue opening
a new avenue of Russian international relations.	
. "All this Is th* appropriate answer to the International birds of
prey who wanted to celebrate
Soviet Ruseiaa funeral. Nevertheless the1 suply of American Journalists who write fancy alarmist
newa about Russia is not yet exhausted. For Instance, our wire-
leas today oaught a message sent
by Floyd Gibbons of tha Chicago
Tribune from Bucharest, etatlng
that Odssa had been bombarded
by antl-Bolshevlk force* and that
violent flghta were ln progress
around Odessa and In Southern
Ukraine. All that I* an abaoluto
"The recently ended convention of the Communist party of
Russia resolved, as a temporary
measure of relief and an Inducement! to peasant*, te re-establish
free trade in surplus agricultural
products and te Introduoe a fixed
tax ln plaoe ot requisitions, Thl*
will necessitate Important measures for stabilising Russia's mon-
stary system."
Som* morchant* la tona do not
think yonr custom Is much use to
them, or thoy would advertise thoir
ware* la Ths Fed.rstlonlit to secure yonr trade. Remember thla
when yon aro about to make a purchase.
When then la a light oa the maa
who get* la aad dig* I* tbo oa* thai
w* Uke. 0*t ta bow and dig, hy
patronising Ih* ftderatlontat advertisers.
Greatest Stoek of
In Greater Vancouver
Replete In every detail
VALE Bcxm*gs
Kindling mm
Easy Shaving
Gillette or Auto Strop Safaty Razor* mak* the daily
Shav* eaaUr.
We have a splendid line of both makei in many degigng,
priced from $5.00 to $7.50 eaoh.
Tha Complete Sporting Goods Storo
..,.,_-«_lSI.TH TEAR.    NO. 12
FB-DAT...,.H~n._^n.'A»rn 1, Wl
Boys' Department)—Second Floor
Canada's Largest Exclusivo
Store for Men and boys
If You Want Low Cost
Buy Hart Schaffner &
Marx Clothes
ALMOST any clqthes at any price look
well when you buy them; the test, of
quality in clothes' doesn't come Vhen you
first try them on. After a month or two,
you'll begin to see why HART SCHAFFNER & MARX CLOTHES are so generally
preferred by the best dressed men. These
clothes have the "staying" qualities. And
they're very smartly styled; and they keep
on stylish looking.
PRICED AT $44.50
$15, $19.50, $29.50, $34.50, $39.50, $49.51
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
153 Hastings Street West
Old Country Steam
Open every Thursday, Friday
and Saturday from 2 to 11 p.m.
22St Gordon Drlvo. Phone High.
Take Hastings Street East oar,
transfer to Nanalmo St. car at
Sixth Ave. Walk halt block west
Labor and Socialist
can be obtained at
The International
Book Shop
Oor. Haatinga and Columbia
Mall Osders Promptly
Attended to
Seattle Union Record carried
ALMOST every person wants to appear to
their friends in the most attractive
clothes possible. Tet owing to lack of ready
oash many are compelled to buy cheap
clothing because the cost Is small. Disappointment ie sure to follow such a course,
for after a few weeks' wear the true nature
of th* so-called cheap clothing reveals itself*
aad it proves to be false economy.
It's fsr setter te
sad boy ker* en sesy terms of
r B cm supply every member of your family with
dependable apparel, guaranteed to |lre lasting veer nd
sttiifictlon for a TBIFLB
Te thoee who have only a limit*
ai amount of eaeh we offer epeeial tenne to luit their require-
YOU test oor clothing white
you are paying, not after
yoa have paid. Oer gar-
mente ere eold at a price baled
on actual worth—That ia true
clothes economy.
Made of good wearing fabrics In
styles to suit boya ranging from
A te Ifl years.   Specially priced
98.60,   $6.50,   $7.60,   $9.50
mid $12.50
Opposite Province.
SEY. 1861
Pritchard Welcomed by"
Thousands of Workers
On His Return to Coast
(Continued from page 6)
that wob being aroused among the
working olasa of thla country.
"So long ae there exists a class
which holds and controls the means
by which others exist, so long men
of your clasa will be put in jail fotr
raising their voloe against the institution of private property."
Tho Consciousness of Power
Touching on the bond that must
exist between the workers as members of their class, the psychology
of a crowd like this and the consciousness of power that must remain as Its sequel, the speaker
warned his hearers that the time
waa closer than they Imagined
when theitr masters "will go beyond
the Jail—will line us up against the
wall and shoot us." He urged that
the workers must organize "so that
our men shall not be taken or, If
they ate taken, then—An Eye For
H. Walton
Rpeelalist In   Electrical   Treatments,
Violet Ray and High Frequency for
Rheumatism, Sciatica, Lumbago, Paralysis, Hair  and   Scalp   Treatments,
Ohronlo Aliments.
Phone Seymoar 2048
198 Hastings Street Weat.
New National Hotel
200 Outside Booms
Special Rates by the Week
Pb.   Sey.   7830—1221   Granville
250 Suits
65 Overcoats
Prices $8.75    Prices $25
Now       to $37.50    Were to $75
.    $8.75
[25  N
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
Pritohard Addressing the Crowd on Cambie Street Grounds
An Eye, And A Tooth for a Tooth.' "
Tom Richardson told the meeting
he was "a born optimist," yet he admitted, there have been moments-
when I have not been feeling so
hopeful by a long way os-I do today.
He had in fact been conscious of a
feeling of doubt and pessimism just
beginning to grip him; this demonstration had somewhat lifted that
"I sincerely hopo the appeal of
Kavanagh and Prltchard Is going to
be realized; that we are going to
givo evidence to a point of demon*
strntion, by sacrifice if need be, thnt
w.e believe In the oneness of the
working class."
Referring to the mottoes carried
ln the procession, ho said there were
"possibly in the crowd a handful of
men nnd women who had not received kindly tho suggestion that
they were of the same class as you
and I. They and the ruling class
would do well to make mental note
of this: You cannot Imprison an
Idea. Though you put a pistol to
a mans head and blow out his
brains, you cant kill that idea."
They might have power, at the
moment, to imprison a Pritohard
or an Ivens, but they would not
succeed ln killing the aspiration of
the workers. "They might avert
calamity by making mental note
that they have signally failed whon
they imprisoned Pritchard and his
companions."    (Hear, hear.)
The Futuro Is Ours
As to another motto: "The future is ours." If they went forward, informing their minds and
disciplining their wills, in five years
those now in the seat of authority
would be out of a job. <A voice—
"Breaking rocks), and the workers
not on the scaffold but - on the
throne. But they must organize,
with the fuller co-operation of the
women and with a cledrly-deflned
polloy, so as to be able to attack
the citadel of capitalism at every
opportunity. "Are wo going to ;rlse
to the occasion and dominate that
we have the will?. ("Sure!") Then
I want to remind you of the absolute certainty of that motto: The
Puture Is Ours."
Comrado Harrington next took
the platform, nnd a flne spiel he
gave ln his usual splendid style.
He said Kavanagh's prediction
about shooting the workers, needed qualifying. "The chances are
they'll miss them and shoot some
of their own bunch."   (Laughter.)
Slaves Now Fight
"In the old civilization the masters did the fighting; the slaves
stood around the city walls and
cheered on the enemy. (More
laughter.) Had they armed their
slaves, they would not have needed
to go outside the walls of their
oity to find their enemy." In Romo
the legions were filled with citizens
who had community interests, and
not with slaves, After the Cartha
glnian, Hannibal, wiped out tho
Roman army at Cannae, the Rom
ans armed their slaves—freed
them and made them soldiers.
"Then the entire eommunal Vela.
lives of ancient society fell down
and a new Bet of relations—relations of property—arrived,"
But the slaves of Rome revolted,
and when Spartacus and his gladiators took to the hills, every face
in Rome was blanched. They did
not fear tho Carthaginians; but
they dreaded their slaves. Terror
'.reigned, and revealed Itself In the
actions of the master class; when
they again got the mastery of their
slaves, they crucified th«m by
Serfs Not Armed
In Feudal times again, the serfs
were not armed; but only the owners of property; and at the time
of the French Revolution, every
member of the aristocracy carried
a "tooth-pick" with him, which he
used whenever there was occasion.
"But come to our time. You
can look at the master class everywhero, and none of them are armed. It ls to us they look for pro-
tetclon from an enemy abroad or
an enemy at home."
Herbert Spencer's dictum, that
"where there Is a slave chained,
you will find a masteV chained to
him," was not true now. Why?
Beoause the slave's minds Were
filled wtth master class concepts;
they thought In terms of their
masters' affairs, and not of their
As showing how the press was
made to cater to this Blave psychology, the Bpeakor compared the
Vancouver Province's petty account of Pritchard's home-coming
with the fulsome display on Gen.
Cu&lry's arrival, when they had
barriers to koep the crowd off,
though, oald Harrington, "they
could have kept them off with a
yellow dog." (Laughter.) As to
the paltry Prltchard paragraph, It
was not necessarily the reporter's
doing; but "whoever wns responsible foV that Item could take his
dinner with the pigs and not stoop
so low."    (Applause.)
As to the front pago of that morning's Sun, with Its society divorce
revelations and all the rest, lt was
a complete indictment of the capitalistic system. "I could not indict capitalism further if I stood
here and preached till I dropped,"
Harrington declared.
Thus were the victims of the
system doped and made to tar and
feather their fellows, ride them on
rails, paint them yellow, and otherwise do the dirty work of their
masters, to whom they weer taught
to bend the knee. When dealing
with those masters, the workers
had no combatlveness ln them;
with conciliation on their part and
aggressiveness on the other, they
had habitually conceived themselves to be Inferior.
In the animal world, that combatlveness was naked and unashamed; so It was among suvagee,
and slaves would fight when they
had the chance. "In modern society, you have an entirely new
viewpoint; and that ls the viewpoint of your masters."
Seeing what forces were operating for the protection of property, let lt be an Inspiration to the
workers to reach out to dislodge
that property basis on which society rests, and substitute a new
form of society, the speaker urged.
That has happened more than
once, and it will happen again."
Comrade J. S. Woodsworth said
he was. glad to be here with tho
others to welcome Prltchn_rd. It
was about two years ago that he
was on the same platform as Pritchard before, and he made such an
effective speech on that occasion,
that they both got into trouble. At
least they were both ln bad with
the authorities, who apparently
thought Pritchard was the more
dangerous, while Woodsworth was
safe to let loose upon society. He
had Bince been wondering what
was accomplished by sending those
men to jail.
Appeals to Canadians
To him, a Cnnadian-born citizen,
It seemed that "Canadians are
mighty haVd to get to understand
the new ora to which wo have
come. Born in unlimited opportunity for expansion, they flnd it
difficult to realize the change as
we have passed more and more
into the capitalist era.
The trial in Winnipeg showed
just what the situation was—that
the government was hand in hand
with the interests and did' not represent the great mass of the people. Legislation was pasted that
took away every semblance of trial
by jury from those not born in the
country. "You Englishmen, who
boast that Britain owns this country (laughter) haven't even the
rights that your forefathers won
800 years ago at the time of the
Magna Charta.
With thc mounted police brought
out to help break the Winnipeg
strike, he said: "It becomes appar
ent to the dullest of lis nil, that thc
government stands to represent
certain small minorities tn this
country." As to the proletarian
dictatorship—"we've got a dictatorship of a very few financiers."
"They broko that strike at the
expense of the reverence a good
many had for the courts of thlH
country—courts ns wo had them
down In Winnipeg." It was brokon at too great a cost to those who
controlled the situation. Never
had thero been such a demonstration to the working class of this
country. There had been aroused
a sentiment, from Atlantic to Pacific, whioh it would havo taken
yeara otherwise to rouse.
Yes, there waa something more
than wanting better wages, though
that was tho cause of the Winnipeg strike. "Some of those In authority have sensed a menace to
the existing order; that we Intend
to control the conditions under
which we live; no longer be hewers of wood and drawers of water
for somebody else."
A Desire for Freedom
All over the world was coming a
desire for freedom; not the vaunted freedom of speech (and spies)
of press, of assembly and of representation, as they had them today, but Individual freedom. The
scene had largely shifted from the
political to the industrial field,
Tho forms of political freedom
were absolutely useless to them
unless they controlled the means
by which they made a livelihood.
The wa'r to mako the world safe
for democracy surely had demonstrated that this civilization was
absolutely a failure,
"We havo to work out, for ourselves and our children, a system
where we can live together and all
have a chance—a system that will
abolish Jails, that will abolish exploitation, that will abolish war
of nation against nation. We oan't
hopo this thing will como without
sacrifice; wo will stand shoulder to
shoulder for the better day tbat
is to be."
Promptly at 8 o'clock on Sunday evening, Chairman A. S. Wells
opened the meeting In the Empress
theatre* which was packed to the
limit. He warned the audience
that the other theatres were just
as full, and so they might just as
well stay in their seats and listen
to other speakers when Pritchard
had finished; as there was no
ohance of hearing htm anywhere
else., "The Red Flag" was Bung
atandlng, and then another ovation
was given to Pritchard as he faced
the crowd,
He was cheerful and humorous;
and, thought he referred to jail as
"a very bad place for a man or
woman wtth an ordinarily active
mind," he repeated that he had no
regrets, "except that I oould have
been having a whale of a time ln
the flght outside," Mentioning
Ivens, he said: We did a year under conditions that were a picnic
to the conldtlons under which Russell did his. TherT wasn't a regulation that we didn't break,
"About the trial," he said, "a
man with the ability and the time
could pen the finest satire ever,
written." He again expressed his
amazement at the Ignorance of
those concerned—"from his emb-
nence on the bench to the office
boy"—and gave amusing illustrations.
In Winnipeg, he said, It was the
teaching of the Marxians that was
getting hold of tho workers' minds,
Including the women; and Ivens'
far-famed ehurch had gone far beyond him. S. P. C. teaching formed 60 per cent of the mass of
printed "evidence" at the trial, and
the masters knoW^ why. Prltchard
Insisted lt was the kind of teaching
that must be given; he didn't care
a cuss under what auspices.
Harrington also spoke again at
the Empress, and Mrs. Rose Henderson held forth with poetic eloquence on the sort of-femple the
workers are building today, and
the only temple that's worth fighting for.
At the Avenne
At the Avenue, where J. G,
Smith was chairman, R. P. Pettipiece was holding a full house, explaining In his vigorous fashion
how the worker paid for the privilege of earning his own wages,
and urging the unemployed to go
ou parading and the like. In fact,
having discovered what the ruling
class of Vancouver and British
Columbia don't like—Increase the
activities in that direction. "The
wheel that does the squeaking gets
the grease," he reminded them.
'Now get out and squeak."
Before getting out, however,
they enjoyed another Bpiel from
Pritchard, giving him a warm reception when he came forward.
He said he was glad to be back In
Vancouver, where some things had
happened which he had missed, as
well as ln Europe. Even things
In Russia went on happening, while
the Canadian Bolshevists were In
(Turn to Page S)
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The reason why we sell so many work shoes. Wo specialize in this line; giving you the best possible to obtain at
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_ $5.00
Men's mid Boys' Shoe Specialists
Phoae Seynour 84,8
A Gripping Drama
The Riddle Woman
Here's Your Opportunity
to buy a Genuine All-Wool Gabardine Raincoat at leaa
than present wholesale. You don't have to be an expert
to realize what we arc offering, but if you do happen to
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that our prices arc only about half of the usual priee for
a coat of this calibre.   New price—
"Correct Olothes"
(Continued irom page 1)
9:30 p.m., at which hour the dance
will begin. Refreshments will be
served. An admission fee will be
The hike up Grouse Mountain on
Good Friday was a great success,
in more ways than one, eighteen of
the J. L, L. enjoying the climb to
the full—another bunch of them
wont up again on Wednesday of
this week.
. On Monday evening at the Fender Hall a gold bar with amethyst
sotting was lost. Anyone finding
same will be doing the owner a
favor by returning it to the
Federatlonist Office.
The Women's Labor League of
Ladysmlth has decided to hold a
concert, baraar and dance,
April the 8th, for the purpose of
raising funds for the Federation-
let Maintenance fund.
and more, ls being spent annually on useless quack medicines and surgery. Let me
treat your sickness In a
natural way.
D.C,  F.S.D.,  D.T.H.
Twelve  Years'   Exporienco
Hours: Daily, 1-5
Mon., Wed,, Fri., 1-8
Sey. 8533 Bay. 40MR.
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Oor. Oranvillo & Pender SU.
Dunsmuir Tool Store
Second-hand Dynamos, Electrio
Motors, Tools and Machinery
Bought and Sold.
629 Dunsmuir St.      Seymour Mt!
Largest Men's Store In tbe WeBt
—the dynamic
clothing price
That puts these
Suit Values
in a class by
Special   $
vy E have made possible
*" a price that means an
ideal investment to the
average buyer of clothing.
The quality of materials
and the styles they come
in leave nothing to be desired.
Actually, these suits cost.]
you double this price elsewhere. .
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back"
Wm. Dick
45-47-49 Hastings Street East


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