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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Jun 8, 1923

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^       Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)      ♦* political mm-, viotott
$2.60 PER YEAR
Trades and Labor Council Objects
to Interference with Carnival
Plans and Decides to Go Ahead
Native Song' Objections Rest\ d and Unions Urged to
Support Council's Building ^ nd Drive—Central
Labor Body to Take Stand \ Wage Question
on Wallace Drydt    Job
; WHEN ORGANIZED LABOR refuses toV&nerate with any body
1 " whieh has for its object the raising oi\^ Nds for any project,
then the Labor movement is slammed. But W *A the shoe is on the
j other foot, the story is different and the employers and their herieh-
[ men see to it that thc working class movement is obstructed at
every turn.
This aspect of capitalistic society was brought forcibly to the attention of the representatives of organized labor movement at the
regular meeting of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council on
Tuesday night, when Secretary Bengough, in his report as to the
efforts of the building fund committee, stated that the employers and
manufacturers' agents were opposing the carnivaj which the committee had arranged for.
In making his report, Secretary Bengough stated that the matter
of the show had been taken up with Mr. Dowd, and while it was a
little out of the regular trail of the council, arrangements had been
made to secure the old Recreation*
Park at Smythe and Homer Streets,
from June 30 to July 7.
Thla, he stated, had been done, so
that there would be no conflction with
any other organization. The Provincial Command of the G. W. V. A. had
been seen and suitable arrangements
made, and as the Labor organizations
had in the past joined in with other
similar projects, when started by such
organizations as the Gyro Club, arrangements had been made with the
G. "Vv*. V. A. to have that organization
■. to drop their programme, and to take
40 per cent, of the receipts which the
TradeB Council would get from the
ConneU Unsavory
After meeting with several generals,
it was found that the Trades Council
was most unsavory, and the G. W. V.
A. wanted to switch to the Native Sons
of Canada, and while the representatives of tho council had met the representatives of these two organizations,
who had not done any preliminary
work, and the Trados Council has secured a permit, they found that there
waa no baBis from which the three
organizations could worlt; but it was
suggested that the council drop its
plans and take Labor Day to stage its
Commenting on tbe attitude assumed by tlie parties blocking the Trades
\ Council's plans, thc secretary pointed
out that as long as the council was
content to pass a few resolutions, it
was all right, but when the Litbor
movement stepped from the beaten
track, and sought to secure money to
build a home, then it was different.
Appeal to Unions
Delegate Showier pointed out that
the unions should be appealed to for
support, and stated that while Farm
and Home, which was opposed to the
Trades Council scheme, was opposed
to the Introduction of an American
promoter, there was no objection to
Loganberry Jim and other farm experts coming into the country and
taking the money.
JSpcretary Bengough then referred
yo thrfact that the council had been
requested to join in the demonstration
1 which would ba held when President
Harding arrived in the city, and he
Laborers  Protest  Against
B. C. E. Co.'s Wage
The meeting of the General Laborers Union, held on Monday evening in
the Lahor Hall, was well attended,
\ The secretary stated that the charter
had been sent for, und that it waB expected that lt would be on hand in the
very near future.
It was decided that each member
Bhould be communicated with and Informed aB to the work already accomplished, and that the Initiation
fee would be one dollar, and that It
was necessary for each member to cooperate with the organization committee In securing new members.
The question of the work being done
on Hastings Street by the B. C. Electric Railway Company, waa also dealt
with. It appears that thla work, it
done by company employees, would
lie paid for at the rate of 49 cents per
hour, but under the system adopted,
letting a contract to a man who is
supposed to be a company employee,
the men working are only receiving
40 centa per hour. A oommlttee was
appointed to interview the executive
of the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council, and the Street Railway Employees' secretary, with the object
of taking steps to maintain the standard of wagea for trackmen, and to
organize the men on this work, as it Is
understood that the company is intending to do much of this claas of work
this summer.
The next meeting will be held on
Monday next, and all members are requested to attend, and to bring a candidate for membership.
'had not heard that the fair name of
the city would be detracted from by
the visit of this American.
Moro Americanisms
Delegate Pettipiece urged all membera of the council who could do ao,
to appear at the City Council meeting
on Wedneaday, and to show where
they stood on the proposition. He
also referred to the fact that American text books ih Canadian schools
were not considered dangerous; that
motor cars manufactured in the States
and showa Imported by other people,
were never objected to until Labor
stepped In and secured a promoter
who had done similar work on local
papers, became dangerous because he
was acting for the Trades Council.
(Continued on page 4)
Evidence   Shows   Women
Brutally Treated in
Chairman   Gives   Decision
When Board Reaches
Employers to Appeal Award
to the International
Local 226 of the International Typographical Union, is congratulating
R. P. Pettipiece, counsel for the local,
on the outcome of the arbitration proceedings which have been carried out
on newspaper scales and conditions.
While the employers are appealing
against the decision of the chairman
of the arbitration board ,the members of the organization have no
doubts of the outcome when it is submitted to the International Board at
In the late days of the year 1919,
the arbitration committee, whose
chairman was Mr. Angus, made certain awards, and the union accepted
them, whilie not being satisfied with
the wages and conditions made in
the award. This year fresh demands
were made by the newspaper men, and
not only have Increases In wages been
secured, but shorter houra have been
The old wage scale was 140.50 for
day men, $44.10 for night work, and
7% hours f«r a day's work.
The new award provides for $43.60
for day work, $49.50 for night work
and seven and a quarter hours for a
days work.
The arbitration,committee consisted
of the following, representing the employers:1 R. J. Cromle, W. C. Tunks,
while J. B. Wilton and H. C. Benson
represented the employees. The respective counsels were F, J. Burd, of
the Province, and R, P. Pettlplece.
This board was unable to agree on the
award, and Mr, John Clemens, assessor of the municipality, of Point Grey,
who was chairman of the board, was
called upon to give a decision, which
is as above. In hia concluding remarks, Mr. Clemens says:
Chairman's Decision
I am not Impressed with the contention of the publishers, nnd I do not
flnd that there is any material alteration in the cost of living at the present time, from that existing when the
A ngus award was made, and after
considering the arguments submitted
by both parties very carefully, I have
come to the conclusion that I can not
take into account the conditions under which the men work, as this is a
matter more for other authorities to
see that the conditions from a health
point of view are remedied—in the
event of the facts submitted by the
union are true, I am, however, impressed with the argument of the
counsel for the Union with reference
to the rest of his contention, and I
consider that a weekly wage for day
work and night work should be in-
(Continued  on  page  4)
Miners' Struggle Brings the
Workers Together for
An Investigation into the actions of
the Edmonton police, during the recent miners strike in Edmonton, that
ln its importance, not only to the or-
galnzed Labor movement, but to every
worker ln the Dominion is little recognized or appreciated, has been concluded thia week. *
In order to place the issue clearly
and concisely, it is necessary to go
back to the afternoon of January 4
last, when this city waa astounded to
learn, not from the capitalist presa,
but through' the medium cf a special
atrlke bulletin, published by the miners, that eighteen women had been
brutally beaten and maltreated, some
so seriously, that today a number of
them are still suffering from the effects of their treatment at the hands
of the upholders of "law and order."
After over a hundred miners had
been herded to jail for peacefully
picketing the mines, their wives met
in the Labor Hall to discuss what was
to be done with the motherless children during the incarceration of their
fathers ln Fort Saskatchewan jail. It
was decided at the meeting, that
committee composed of ten of the women Bhould be appointed to look after
these children, many of whom were
terror-stricken at being left alone
without father or mother to look after
After the committee had been
struck off, the meeting decided to
form themselves'into a body and paraded through the principal Btreeta in
order to demonstrate their unbending
faith in their organization, and the
justice of their struggle to organize
the minea in the Edmonton diatrict.
When the parade was passing along
one of the main streets, the sugges-
tion was made that the parade proceed to the Penn mine and meet the
afternoon shift going to work. This
was Immediately concurred ln, and
the parade marched to the mine, and
was met on arrival with City and
Mounted Police, armed to the teeth,
and undoubtedly with instructions
from higher ups not to be backward
in preventing the miners from exercising their righlj to picket the mines.
The front ranks of the parade had no
sooner crossed the railway tracks, separating the mine property from the
adjacent streot, when the Mounted
Police attempted to run down the women with their horses and succeeded
in breaking up the parade into two
sections, one section crossing the
track toward the mine tipple, and the
other section being held back by
Mounted Police and those on foot.
After this Initial encounter, comparative quiet reigned until reinforcements
of city police, under the command of
Chief Shute arrived on the scene, and
hero began one of the most brutal attacks on the workerB that the Labor
movement can record. After the
chief had given his orders to "round
them up," meaning that the police
under his command, which included a
(Continued on page 8)
It Pays to Advertise
AT least one advertise. In The
Federatlonist . has realised
that lt p»y_ to advertise union-
made goods in a Labor paper.
This advertiser employ* anion
tailors. The union label Is on
all garments turned ont, and
while The Federatlonist Is pub.
llBh'ed In Vancouver a union man
In Saskatoon read lt and saw
the ad.ln question, and ordertd
a suit from Storry A McPherson, tlie only Arm which advertises ln The Federatlonist. and
uses the Journeyman Tailors'
Another feature of this Incident, ts that a union man was
willing to go to some trouble to
patronize a Federatlonist advertiser, and It might be well lf this
faot was noted by the many
readers of this paper. The advertisers will respond to yonr offorts to appreciate their support
of the paper, and the least the
members of orgalnzed labor can
do, is to assist their own press, .
Workers Get Low Wages
and Employers Big
Street Railwaymen Taking
Referendum on Wage
Tha Street and Hallway Employees
of Vancouver, Victoria and New
Westminster are going to take a referendum vote on the question of opening the wage agreement, with a view
of securing an increase of wages for
all branches.
Ever since the last agreement was
signed, there has been a feeling of resentment, and It Is expected that the
rate prior to 1922 will be demanded.
The referendum will be taken in the
three cities on the same date, namely
June 22, and as no other part of the
B. C. Electric Railway's employees
have been cut as were the members
of the above organization, there is little doubt as to how the vote will go.
The referendum will call on the
members to vote either in favor or
against the following proposal: "Are
you in favor of opening the present
wage agreement, to restore wages and
working conditions that were In effect
prior to 1922?"
The local men are determined to
secure a higher rate of wages, for they
recognize that if the Seattle street car
car men can ask for an increase, while
their present scale In higher than the
local wage acale, and living costs are
lower in the Sound City, there is little
doubt that their demands will be
Elaborate Blacklist System
Used to Keep Wages
[By Sydney Warren]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Vancouver, li. C.—The lumber industry in British Columbia is booming lor the timber barons. Logs and
"squares" are selling at peak prices
but labor is a cheap cojnpiodity on the
market here. Loggers' wages average
about $5.50 a day with deductions for
board, blankets, hospital fees and incidental rakeoffs, while mill workers
receive ns low as 25 cents an hour and
common labor is rarely paid more
than 40 cents.
During the banner lumber year of
1920,' British . Columbia's lumber
bosses netted a proflt of $3S,949,80*t.
The total value of lumber produced
for that year was $92,011,063 and of
this amount $30,058,939 was paid in
wages and salaries to 555 superinten
dents and managers, 702 clerks and
typists and 19,411 lumberjacks. After
this amount was deducted from the
year's operations a balance of $61,-
952,724 remained and allowing 25 per
cunt, for watered stock, depreciation
on machinery, tools, etc,, the 5S1 lum
ber companies engaged in the lumber
industry of British Columbia received
an average net proflt of $67,039 each
for the year of 1920.
Por creating the above proflt, 20,
668 'persons received wages and sala
Vies totalling $30,058,939. The wage-
earning class received an average
yearly wage of $1400.80 for 1920. Ac
cording to figures supplied by the government Gazette, thc coat of living in
1920 waa $25 a week for a family of
five persons, or $1300. The $25 represents expenditures on a "fodder'
basia, no allowance being made for
clothes, shoes, doctor, hospital, insurance, etc. The total minimum wages,
subtracted from the amount earned
by the B. C. lumberjacks in 1920 left
$106,80 with which to buy clothes,
shoes and tobacco.
The B. C. lumber barons have perfected an elaborate blacklist, compiled after many years by stool pigeons
and henchmen of the companies. It
contains the name, nickname, minute
description and labor record of every
man in the logging industry of the
Province. Here at Vancouver, where
a large majority of the men are hired
through half a dozen or ao agencies,
thia blacklist Is close at hand for easy
June Hth to June 15th
FRIDAY, June 8 — Plumbers
and Steamfltters. Milk Salesmen and Dairy Employees,
MONDAY, June il—U. B. Carpenters & Jolnera No. 452,
Electrical Workers Local 310,
Federal Labor Union, Structural Iron Workers, Stereotypers.
TUESDAY, June 12—Printing
Pressmen, Machinists No. (192,
Barbers, Hook binders Stone
WEDNESDAY, June 13—Bricklayers.
THURSDAY. June 14—Sheet
Metal Worker*, Bakery Salesmen, Steam and Operating
Engineers No. 944, Label
IN 12
Interchurch Movement Has
Statement with Regard
to Gary -
Asks   Why   Should Steel
Trust Give Up Its
New York—"Mr. Gary's statement,
refusing te abolish the 12-hour day In
the steol mills Is quite what was expected," says Heber Blankenhorn, former secretary te the commission of Inquiry, Interchurch World Movement,
Why should the steel trust give up
the 12-hour day? There's money in
it, the mills are running full with orders alx months ahead, the churches
have quit agitating, congress Is not ln
session, President Harding, who asked
that the evil be abolished, Is going to
Alaska, and steel mill labor remains
disorganized, deflated and ieaderleas."
In the light of 13 yearB' history,
remarked the Interchurch report on
the steel strike of 1919, the conclusion
seems unescapable; that the steel corporation moves to reform only when it
has to.
'Prom 1908 to 1912 occurred two
periods of Btrikes in the steel industry,
accompanied by private and govern-
tal crltieism of the 12-hour day. The
ateel corporation successfully weathered the strain by making promises and
publishing such resolutions as that
passed by the stockholders ln 1912,
condemning the 12-hour day and recommending that 'steps should be taken now' to end it.
'From 1918 to 1922 occurred more
agitation, another strike, investigations by the senate committee, by the
Interchurch movement, by the Cabot
fund, by the Federated Engineers, all
condemning the 12-hour day; and In
May, 1922, the president had the steel
owners at the Whito Houae whero
they promiaed him a committee to
consider the 'practicability' of eliminating it. Now when the gooae hangs
high, the farce ends; the 'committee
reports adversely,' and the industry,
which In Britain, France, Germany
and every other civilized country runs
of the three shift eight-hour day, can
not run so in America.
"Last January 17, according to the
press, Mr. Gary told the stoel executives, lt appears that the whole movement against the steel industry of the
United States, culminating in the Interchurch World Movement, report
was prejudiced, grossly unfair and
"One idea in the Interchurch report
was probably the real cause for the
ferocious slanders launched against
the Investigating churchmen's group.
The idea was that as long as public
opinion and the government fail to
tackle tbe 12-hour day 'It Imposes on
the trade unions alone the humane
task of moving the steel corporation
In the direction of reform.' ThiB was
the unforglveablo observation. in
January, 1921, the Interchurch commission presented a memorial to congress noting that 'again the steel corporation and the government have
seen flt to leave the field of reform to
the trade unions.'
"Mr. Gary's latest pronouncement
scarcely weakens the opinions which
hold that when there are unions In
the steel industry, thc 12-hour day
will go, and not before."
More Light on the Cumberland
Mine Disaster-Scathing Criticism
of Report of Special Investigator
Match Story and Chinaman Smoking -Ridiculed by Practical Miner—Prosecutions of Miners but a Cloak
to Cover Delinquencies of Employers and
Provincial Department of Mines
| By a Miner]
TX) ANYONE who is as willing to convict the mine management
A and thc Provincial Mines Department as he is the working miner, •
Mr. Wilkinson'a report covering the Cumberland explosion is a most
unsatisfactory document. From first to last the spirit of the whole/
report is to exonerate the management, convict the mineworker and
petty official, and lose sight entirely of the fact that the Provincial
Alines Department has any responsibility in these matters: By what
freak of reasoning or sense of fitness does a list of prosecutions of
mineworkers for infractions of thc Mining Regulations during thc
last twelve months appear in a document purporting to account for
the death of 33 men on February 8th in Cumberland f What a
parody on common sense it is to quote the experience and qualifications of the safety engineer and commend the employers for their
efforts towards safety in a document, the very existence of which is
called forth by such conclusive evidence of a criminal lack of safety.
On every other occasion, when thesef to insist that the Cumberland disaster
holocausts have swept the mining
towns, the government inquiry , has
been content to cover up as best it
could and get away from the uncomfortable matter.
It is a new thing in any British
country to use a mine explosion as the
occasion for a glorification of the mine
management and State department
that allotwed the disaster to occur.
Southern Colorado and WeBt Virginia,
Where the coal borons and tht government are the same Individuals,
have never had the hardihood to make
or claim for themselves a certificate
of good character from a crime of this
nature. •
Loses Point
Becauae thia whole report so studl-
ouuly looses the point, lt is necessary
Monthly Dance at Clinton
Hall on Saturday,
June 9th
The Workers Party of Canada will
hold its regular propaganda meeting
at headquarters on Sunday evening,
the speakers being Comrades Trewell
and Bennett..
The monthly dance will be held on
Saturday, the 9th, at Clinton Hall,
from 9 to 12.
On Sunday afternoon, there will be
a picnic at third beach, and all members of the parly are requested lo attend and bring lunch and bathing costumes,
Davenport. Ia.—Thc American Legion and othor societies are taking
steps to prevent Eugene V. Delis from
making a Fourth of July address at
Forest park in tills city. Local Socialists are going ahead with iirninge-
ments for the Debs meeting.
St. Louis—After Week* of negotiation, tbe journeymen plumber*, hero
have secured an Increase of 2 cents an
hour, making the new seals $1.50 an
hour. The plumbers are the fourth
St. Louis building trade union to cs-
tablish an hourly pay scale of $1.50
this year, the othors being bricklayers,
plasterers and stone masons.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Railroad Workers to Have
^        Meeting   in
Consolidating of  Railroad
Organizations Is
Tacomn, Wash. — Tlie Northwest
conference committee on railroad
union amalgamation is issuing a call
for a conference In Taeoma for June
7 and 8, to facilitate the work for
which the commltee was formed. Tho
Northwest District takes in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana,
"This committee," says the call, ' is
now arranging district conferences
for the purpose of organizing the sentiments In our ranks for industrial
unionism. The thing that muat be
done Is to organize this sentiment behind our plan of amalgamation, so
that tho complete consolidation of all
railroad uniona may i'P brought about
as soon is jiosj*" lo. Another- essential duty is to combat the dual union
tendency that haa overcome nme of
our members, who after suffering bitter defeath for th-_ past two years,
have allowed their impatience to drive
them out of craft uninnb.
Each railroad Ioca. affiliated with
the 16 standurd unions within the
boundarlea of this district, Ib entitled
to two delegaleB, All delegatea muat
bear credentials from their union organizations. No dual unionist or secessionist will be allowed n peat in
this conference,
could not have occurred If the manage ment or the mine department officials had performed their duty. While
this report tells the world that a limited number of crack-brained mine-
workers will jeopardise their own and
their fellow workers' safety, It Ignores
the fact that If the whole of the inmates of the mental hospital at Esson-
dale were released into the mine, they
could not create an explosion lf the
mine management and the Provincial
officials had kept sufficient air moving
through the mine. On the other hand,
if the mine is ill-ventilated, lt can explode with the nearest human being a
hundred miles away. A. twenty-foot
slab of quartz, studded conglomerates
falls, with one end resting on some
support ten feet higher, a smaller
block of the same material sleds down
across the flrst, grinding out a thousand sparks. In this way, the disastrous Belleview explosion of a few
years ago is believed to have been
touched off. Short circuit, in electric
cable and also ill-constructed switches
will produce a jagged rope of flre. In
this way the Cumberland explosion of
August last is believed to have been
> aimed. Oxidization of sulphur and
lion pyrites, which are prnctlcally al-
Wtiys present In coal, and thrown in
tbe waste by the miner, will generate
fire by spontaneous combustion. Thye
are half n dozen areas in British Columbia mines walled off at the present time in the effort to smother out
tires originated b.v this method. This
does not exhaust the possibilities by
any means, but with such self-evident
opportunities QS those present in every
mine in the Provinco, whnt can we
conclude as to a report that suggests
obtaining safely by more rigid penal-
tics ort (ho fool among the mine-workers rathor than by keeping tbo mine
clear of gas,
Another Blind
Presumably to shOW the energetic
enforcement of the regulations by the
department, ami to help to damn the
mine-worker, Mr. Wilkinson refers In
detail to thc Hadevia affair. In this
case, there was substantial reason for
believing that the mnn had been smoking In a. mine sixty miles away from
No. 2 Cumberland. Tho man, scent*
(Continued on page 3)
New York—The American Civil
Liberties Union, In a communication to
Samuel Oompers, president A. F. of
L., for a second time, challenges the
A. F. of L. to prove thnt thc Civil
Liberties Union was pro-Soviet, as
charged In a recent survey by the A.
F. of L, publicity service.
St. LotllS—The election of William
J. Gibbons as president of St. Louis
Typographical Union No. 8, defeating
Percy Popoon, who has held the ofllce
for two one-year terms, is hailed as a
victory for the Progressives. Peponri
Is a conservative.
Champaign, III.—Another printing
company* which entered the fight
against the Printers Union Mny 1,
11121, has mndo peace with its employeos on the basis of iho 44-hour
woek. This lenves ono lonely shop
here to continue the struggle agninst
the 44-hour weok and union conditions,
Every reader of The Fertorattonlst
can render valuable nHMlstnnco hy re
ncwing iheir subscriptions as soon as
thoy ore due, and by inducing another
worker to subscribe. .It does not take
much effort to do tluk.   Try It.
Thank Label Committee and
The Federationist for
Appreciation of the efforts put forward by the Label Committee of the
Vancouver Trades Council, was ox-
pressed at the Trades Council meeting
on Tuesday night, in a letter received
from the Cigarmukera Union. This
letter also voiced thc appreciation of
the local for the aid rendered by The
Federatlonist. It rends aa follows:
Vancouver Tradea and Labor Council.
319 Pender Street West,
Vancouver, B. C.
Fellow Workers: The Cigarmakers
of Vancouver wish to thank the Union
Label League of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council for the wonderful
success of the benefit dance held May
4 In their behalf.
The financial success was beyond
our expectations, We are in receipt
Of $146.70, and w_ realize the tniccess
can be attributed to the untiring and
unselfish efforts of the Label League,
We  also  wish  to  thank   The   H.   C.
Federation lut for the publicity given.
Fin. Sec. Union No. 357.
25  Temploton  Drive,
Vancouver, B. C, June 4, 1923.
Local unions might well note the
above, for Tho Foderationist is at their
service all tho time. But they must
nBsist by sending in (he news or their
Hnnd The Federatlonist to your
shopmate when you are through with
FRIDAY June   ..   IS!
Published every Friday morning: by The B. C. Federatlonist
Buainesa Olllce:   1129 Howe Street
Editorial   Offlce:    Room   306—319   Pender   Street   West
Editorial Board:   P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J. M,
Clark, George Bartley.
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, *3.00 per
year; Canada, t,2.50 per year, $1-50 for six months; to
Unions subscribing ln a body, 16c per member por
Unity of labor: The Hogg of the World
FRIDAY , June   8,   1923
A Challenge to the Labor Movement
"THERE ARE NO CLASSES in Canada, say our
■*• democrats. But the proof of the pudding is in
the eating, and the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council is setting a lesson in class distinctions.
* *. *
Realizing that thc landlord and the rent profiteer
has everything to gain by renting "his" property,
the council decided to raise money to purchase a
lot and if possible, build a labor hall. But the best
laid schemes of men do not always worl; out as
those who framed them wish, and the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council has learned this lesson.
* *        *
All arrangements were made for the holding of a
carnival—the permit was secured, and not only
that, but concessions were granted to another organization, tho G. W. V. A. But there was a fly in
the ointment. The Native Sons stepped in, and the
true patriotic spirit of this last great west exerted
itself to see that organized labor did not or could
not spread itself, and advertise the fact that there
was a Labor movement in this Province; aud in this
great effort thc Sons of Canada were aided and
abetted hy the manufacturer and employers' organizations.
. . n,
This is a challenge to the Lahor movement. We
may not agree with potlaches and similar stunts,
but if thc employers can have them and secure all
thc support of the "dear people," we can see no
reason why the Labor movement should uot have a
carnival, and get thc support of that great nebulous quantity, namely, the public. If, however, the
"public" will not support a trades union project,
we eau see no reason why the trades unionists of
Vancouvor can not put this thing across. If they
can not do a small thing like this, there is little
chance of them beating thc boss to it on the economic field. The Federationist has no hesitation in
calling on all trades unionists to support the Trades
Council at all times when certain action is decided
upon, right or wrong, for thc only way to working
class solidarity is working class discipline.
economic conditions, drew them from the land of
thcir birth, these victims of capitalistic exploitation
have found that there is no pot of gold at the foot
of the Canadian rainbow.
# .   »        *
Promised free land, and other induemeiits, these
immigrants came to Canada expecting what other
settlers thought would be their lot in days gone by.
Naturally, the press suggests that these settlers
should adjust themselves to the conditions in a
country with which Ihey are unacquainted. But
the immigrants are expected to adapt themselves to
conditions which they had no knowledge of before
they set forth to new fields of adventure and possible prosperity.
. % .
When unemployment is the general state in this
country, the workers are told hy such men as Honest John, to'go back lo the land, which in many
cases they had left after similar experiences to
which the above mentioned Scotch immigrants have
been subjected, and thc. specious promises of immigration agents to be found to be nothing more or
less than lies and made with the object of securing
cheap labor for a laud olready overcrowded, not
only with farmers, but all classes of labor.
* *        *
Canada is not overcwtirded, because there are too
many people in thc country to cultivate the soil,
but because there is a system in vogue which makes
lahor power a drug on 'the market. There are too
many farmers, because there is no market for their
products. There are too many artisans, because
the employing class can not find an outlet for the
surplus values which the industrial workers produce. But the agricultural laborer, and the farmer
who owns his own farm, and who is compelled to
deliver the wealth which he produces to cither the
banker or the implement manufacturer, and the industrial workers have not yet realized that if they
got together, and utilized tho natural resources, on
a communal basis, that they would not only be employed, but eould enjoy the product of their toil,
(Continued from last week)
The Government and tk
Cumberland Disaster
The B.C. Electric and Wage Slashes
PROM INFORMATION received, it is apparent
. that the wage slashing campaign in British Columbia has not been discontinued. The B. C. Electric Railway, with an agreement with its employees,
which covers trackmen and men who are engaged
in the keeping of the roadbeds in repair, has decided on a new stunt.
.        if        -.
Recognizing that a fight with the union would
not be very successful, this company, whieh is
"broke," and at thc same time is prepared fo spend
hundreds of thousands of dollars, if nol millions,
in development work, has decided that the easiest
way out of thc difficulty is not to employ its own
employees, but to see that some one else bears thc
brunt of the attempt to reduce wages for regular
street car work, has let a "sub-contract."
.        .        .
We are rtot aware as to the ownership of the
steam shovel which is operating on Hastings Street,
and whieh is described in a local paper as follows:
The ponderous steam shovel, with its massive
steel claws, is making short work of the six
inches of solid concrete on which the rails were
embedded. Nothing ean withstand its power.
Ahead of it go squads of men boring holes here
and there in the cement so that it may crumple
to pieces when the shovel comes along. Not
only does this giant digger smash up thc concrete and earth, but it loads it right into waiting motor trucks that cart it away, the whole
mechanical process doing in an hour ,or two
what it would take scores of men a day to accomplish.
Handling of one-ton rails seems a formidable
undertaking, but the use of a squad of twenty
men, allowing fifty pounds to each man, enables the loading and unloading to be done
with comparative rapidity,
but we have an idea that the B. C, Electric Railway
Company could reveal the secret.
#        *        *
Be that as it may, the situation is one sueh as to
again emphasize the need of a Laborers' organization.   The situation is such that the wages of the
trackmen of the B. C. Electric Railway employees
are threatened.   Thc wages being paid are 40 cents
per hour on this'work, while the wages demanded
and conceded to the company employees for similar work, are 49 cents for new men, and 54 eents
for men engaged for more than three months. This
is a situation which the entire    labor    movement
should take up at once.
TiV ANOTHER COLUMN will be found a criticism
of the report of the special investigator into the
Cumberland mine disaster. It may not be generally
known that this investigator has been made chief
inspector of mines for tbe Province. Why this
appointment was made, so soon after his investigation, we can only surmise. But the surmise would
not bc palatable to the holder of the chief Inspectorship of mines for British Columbia.
* * *
But what of the minister of mines of this Province? Is he asleep at the switch, or is he on ihe
job for the mine owners? Thc laws of British
Columbia for the protection of the men working in
thc mines are the best on this continent, but are
they enforced? And the question naturally arises,
why arc they not enforced, and the answer is, that
fhe miners are not organized.
But while the minister of mines is responsible
for thc carrying out of the laws in connection with
his department) the _n<-t remains that the Provincial government is also responsible for the enforcement of all laws, whether they be for the protection
of property rights or the safety of the slaves who
produces the profits for American capital, or any
other exploiters. But the government has accepted
a whitewash report from a special investigator,
who has been rewarded for his services by the appointment to a government, job. If this fact does
not reveal the class nature of governments to the
workers, then there is little hope that they will
ever attempt to change the present system.
lu the meantime, we wonder if the miners of
Vancouver Island are waking up to the fact that
industrial organization, coupled' with political activity, will be more effective than any minister of
mines whose function is to see that property and
profits are protected, no matter the cost in human
lives and the suffering and misery of the working
Immigrants and their Delusions
PRESS DISPATCHES from Alberta indicate that
immigrants from the Hebrides are not satisfied
wtth. their prospects. Deluded hy immigration
agents, whose pictures of lovely homes and ideal
The Son* of Canada is au organization which is
supposed to he interested in securing the interests
of the Native Sons of this country. This organize
tion also has taken upon itself the task of keeping
Canada free from Americans. Of course, President
Harding is not included iu the list of undesirables.
Not being able to understand what Canadian
ideals are, and recognizing that the only native sons
are not white men, but red, we would suggest that
this organization endeavor to have Hanburys replace 'their white help, which they are discharging,
and whose plaees are being filled with Hindus, with
the real native sons of the country.
So far as we can learn, we have not heard the
Native Sons objecting to the Publicity Bureau
seeking to induce American tourists to come 'to
this country, -tid American capitalists from running eompany towns, and exploiting thc workers and paying thom the lowest possible wages, perhaps this aspect has been overlooked hy this organization, and we -take this opportunity of drawing the attention of the descendants of European
and American settlers in Canada, who by accident
became native sons, to these aspects of the need for
more vigilance on the part of the organization.
We also understand that some of the mombers of
the organization employ Asiatics. But this can
not he objected to, if they are native sons, as some
of them, according to -the standards of the organi- anything in hlsjory."   in the snored
zatiou which  is composed  of "real  Canadians/
have heen born in the eountry.
"The Power of Suggestion—a factor
in  all  systema of treating  Disease."
—W. J. Curry.
T AST WEEK we concluded by citing
Thomaa J. Hudson's famous theory
the law of psychic, phenomena, which
is as follows:
1. Man possesses two minds, objective and subjective, also known as
conscious and subconscious,
2. The subjective mind is amenable
to control, by suggestion.
a The subjective mind has control
over our functions and sensations.
This is at least a good working hypothesis, and when the products of
superstitltion and fraud of exaggeration and Imagination are limited ln so-
called faith cures, we find remaining a
residue which shows a real basis, not
only of faltii cures, spiritism and subnormal phenomena, but also of numerous other methods for alleviating
the ills of the mind and body.
Before anothesla had developed to
Its positive and nearly perfect form of
today, mesmerism or hypnotism was
frequently applied as an anesthetic as
well as a treatment for disease. As
Hudson says: "Any one who has studied the subject, knows that perfect
anesthesia Is produced by suggestion,
and that in this way hundreds of serious surgical operations have been
performed without suffering.
Dr. Price Insist!. Tlmt He Is Not a
While he may he sincere he applies
the most approved methods in select
ing and treating tho victims of spiritual and physical ailments. When we
realize how financial inducements
clouds conscience, and destroys the
mental and moral status of dope ped-
dlars, bootleggers and our glorified
war-makers, we see how even our Divine healer may be the victim of his
own arts, and sub-conscious mind.
In methods where suggestion operates
such as Christian Science, Coueism,
chiropractic, as well as In the open
and honest: application of this power,
as medical science today recognizes
and applies even in our own General
Hospital, "the dose is repeated," and
probably the reason why so few real
functional ailments have been cured
by Dr. Price in this city, is the fact
thnt only one treatment of his spiritunl power was applied.
We must all realize the effects of
mind over body. We read of how a
shock through news of death of a relative may instantly stop the heart's action, and kill a person. Intense joy
may also do the same. Fear, love,
hate and mirth, we also realize, may
have instant and violent effects on our
nervous and  functional  activities.
science has of late years demonstrated that our ductless glands, for
instance, thyroid, the seat of goitre,
are not after all the vestigial remains
of prehuman ancestors, but are performing most vital functions as regulators of life forces and activity of these
may be stimulated, or reduced b.v our
emotions, with the powers cf suggestion.
Dr. Price repeatedly insisted that he
was not a hypntolst, but the agent of
Divine power. This itself, to believers in miracle, is a most effective suggestion. To admit that hypnotism wai?
his basis would have destroyed his
powe- over the masses, over the ministerial associations, and over his "love
offerings," which in this Province
alone amounted in four weeks to more
cash, and adulation than an ordinary
hypnotist could collect in ns many
If this gentleman, as ho affirms,
hns abandoned evolution and scientific
thought, If bis intellectual basis consists of Hebrew and Christian mythology, then he must be ruled out of
court as an authority on psychic
The brain is still largely a dark continent, but we do know taht it is the
great dynamo of vital energy, the
power house, the switch centre, and
the directing station of the most marvellous and complex mechanism
known to man.
It was only through advertising In the
daily press, through claims of miraculous power that the Arena was crowded day after day, and this proves
that emotionalism and the "dead
hands of the past," rather than the
conscious and reasoning mind, still dominate our race.
What does the average mon or woman ln this city or any other, know
of phychlc forces?
The writer once knew some boys
who one day indulged in tbe contents
of a large jar of fermented plum juice,
and were soon acting In a way that
alarmed and shocked their poor mother, but she had put up the plums,
and knew "there could not he any-
tlng injurious, or intoxicating in the
jar." She was as. innocent of chemical reaction as Dr. Price, and his vlc>
tims are of Divine healing, and hypnotism, yet atcohot which Is the active principle of government, and
bootleggers' whisky comes through
the decomposition of sugar or starch
contained In all vegetable matter, Including plums.
Kuggwitlmi Is a Force in Host or lug
Nature, through our vital forces hafl
marvellous powers of repair and recuperation, and often a small factor will
turn the scales in the direction of
health. We all know how beneflcful
may be a change of climate, of diet,
and how oxercise or rest, or tho coming of happiness may bring health.
Bernholm, In hts "Suggestive Ther-
apouticB," gives a resume of many
marvellous cures which have taken
place at the Holy Shrine of Lourdes,
Thomas Hudson says: "Thousands of
cures have been affected by prayer and
faith.    Theso are as woll proven as
' 'power of the mind rather than of holy
water, or dead saints, not of Dlvtno
healers, but of auto suggestion.
At the time of that great explosion
In the city of Halifax, authentic reports show that a number of "bedridden cripples and parajytics" jumped up and ran away.
A surgeon who served in the Great
War has just informed me that majiy
shell-shocked men, suffering from
blindness, deafness and who were
dumb, were cured suddenly by having
applied a strong electric shock. In
this way the "dumb devil" was ejected
by the captive "bolt of Jove," and
"the voice of the ancient gods," even
Christian Science also claims to eliminate structural and functional disorder, but its basic principle is in its
denial of disease, and the Idea that
"sin, sickness and death are errors of
the mortal mind." The philosophical
basis of Christian Science Ib idealism,
"the non-existence of matter," the
idea that all Is mind, and spirit, and
consequently tubercular lungs or cancerous glands can not ba god, the spirit
of health and harmony could not
create disease, or permit it to exist. In
spite of this comforting theory, insurance companies do not accept the disciples of Mrs. Baker Eddy as better
risks than other people, nor do criminal statictics show that those who
have had tlieir sins washed away at
revival campaigns are any freer from
moral muladies than are ordinary
mortals who are still unsaved.
Next week the subject will be "How
to Rid the World of Disease."
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
The Netherall
Vest. Brassiere and Girdle
All in One
AN IDEAL garment for active women in
office, store   or  home, and   decidedly
suitable for sports service.
—of Jersey silk and suede in sizes 30 to 36
at $7.75.
—of all suede in sizes 36 to 40 at $10.00.
—Drysdale's Corset Shop, Second Floor
576 Granville Street Phone Seymonr 3540
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the viows expressed is accepted by the management.]
Who Will Answer Tills Question?
Editor B, C. Fe(lcrationisl--Sir: Wo
are anxious to got tlio expression of
your opinion on the question of organization among the foreign-born
Wc are convinced that only in the
measure in which the vast masses of
foreign-born workers join the trade
unions, will it become possible for the
orgnnized workers to successfully resist the encroachments upon their organization, hours of labor and wages
We nre going at present through a
time of relative prosperity, which is
most favorable for the organization
work, wo must fully utilize this opportunity.
Are the foreign-born workers, in
your opinion, responsive to the call
for organization ? What can and
should be done to achieve their organization iu the steel, coal, packing
and other industries where large numbers of them are employed?
Do you not believe, wo should exert
our offorts toward organization now.
in order to take advantage of this favorable condition? Is the foreign
language press fully utilized In order
to sponsor thc drawing into the trado
union movement of tho foreign-born
workers? is it desirable to establish
co-operation between thetrade unions
and the foreign language Labor papers in organization campaign by means
of a special press service of the American Federation of Labor?
We will greatly appreciate at your
earliest convenience your response to
thfs communication, whieh in our
opinion, touches a very urgent problom. With brotherly greetings,
Editor Novl Mir.
Black Shirt Terror Is. Being
Disrupted  in
New York—The defection in Naples
of the local Fascisti, led by Captain
Padovnni, really is rebellion, tho opening of civil war, and the beginning of
the end of the Black Shirt terror in
Italy, In the opinion of August Bai-
lanca, member executive board, Amalgamated Clothing Workers, recently
back from Italy, where he investigated oconomic and industrial conditions.
"There has been widespread discontent with the Mussolini dictatorship
from its inception," said Ballunca.
The opposition has voiced Itself in demonstrations which wero put down
with bloodshed.
"The revolt of the -10,000 Neapolitan Fascist! has town the mask from
the infamous dictatorship. Now we
learn there is strife within tho ranks
of the Black Shirts as well as strife
between the Fascisti and the conservative parties. Padovanl really was the
governor of the district, more powerful than any Tammany chieftain.
"I expect the government to use
stern measures with the rebels. Troops
probably will bo sent against them, as
they were sent against 1000 Fascisti
who seized a steel plant near Genoa
shortly before I loft there. The government had delayed its award of a
subsidy to the factory, so the workers
took possession of the property. Mussolini sent troops to shoot down the
members of his organization who had
defied him.
"The leader of the Black Shirts is
just unbalanced enough to throw out
the royal family and proclaim himself
another Ca_sar. Even the big business interests that backed Mussolini In
the beginning now are worrying about
their future under bis dictatorship."
Ring ap Phone Sermonr 2SM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit"   301   Dominion   Building
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 Matropolltan BuUdlnj
837 BaiUnfs St. W. VASOODVEB. B. 0.
Talapboaaa: Saymeet. 6808 ud 0867
1160 Georgia Street
Sundty services, 11 a.m. and 7:80 p.m.
Sunday school immediately following
morning service. Wedneaday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room.
901-903 Birks Bldg.
B. F. Harriion 8. A. Parry
Phone Fairmont 68
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and dances.
Phone, Highland 90.
You iimy wish to help The Feder-
ntlonlst. You cnn do so by renewing
your subscription promptly and sending in the subscription of your friend
or neighbor.
Drugless Healing
shrines of Quebec and France, piles of
crutches and trusses left there, by
those healed    are evidences of    the
— Special Bargains —
Ladies' Suits - Coats - Drease*
The moat complete and finest display
on the Ooaat—Offered at "Maker to
Wearer"   Prices-—Too   oan   stye   on
every purchaso.
Brad for Mail Ordtr OaUlo|u»~W«
ship gooda anywhar* and cnaraatM
Famous °££r
ess BASinias si., x«_ oraaruia
I HAVE proved to hundrods ot Bat-
Uaed patients, that in Rheum.-
Mam, Sciatica, Lumbago, Lobs of Manhood, Oeneral Debility snd many
other diseases, my methods hare set
permanent results whero all other
methods havo .ailed. Our treatment
Is absolutely PAINLESS; having
bad many yoars of PRACTICAL «•
norlonoo, wo havo the knowledgo that
only PRACTICAL eiporlonco can give.
Downie Sanitarium
' 314 Standard Bank Bid?.
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
Summer Courses
fn the Principles of
Based on Relaxation
Arthur J. Foxall
L.L.C.M.,  Eng.
Sey. 6297
Cigar Store «
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rales Reasonable
"A Good Plaoe to Eat"
YOUR telephone ii of gnater nine »
each month goea hy, With * study
Increase ln the number of new telephones
yoa ere constantly able to talk with *
larger number of people. This applies
'o different parte of the provinoe.
It means to the business man that ha
Ib ln olose touch with mon people, Ae
erery tolephono is a long distance tele-
?hone, anyone on the Lower Mainland or
'ancouver Island may be reached st a
moment's notice. The conversation Is
direct, the reply Instant,
Don't overlook the cheaper night
rates. Between 7 p.m. and 8 a.in. you
got throe times tho day period at the
same price.
Two Short Worda, Brldftnf tha Golf Between
Haf* ron prataetad roanalf and roar famUr agalnat anek aa amarfaner,
witk a SA VINOS AOOOD-TT— tba moat Talaabla Aaaal a maa Ma kaw lar
tha "HAl-fiT PAT."
Wa STBONOLT BEOOHHIND ran to atari anek an aaoonnt AT ONOt,
at ona of onr Olty Branehea.
HASTHTOS anl SETMOUB Bee. I. HajTtaan, Uuufar
Oordora tad Abbott HaU aal Ittb An. Mala aal Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
P.S.—If yon an living in a community not provided with Banking facllitKu, address na by mall, and we will he glad to guide you In respect to "Banking by Hall.",'' V
fRIDAT June  8,   1983
The Dental Plate that overcomes erery objection to
wearing a plate.
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Gives full biting
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My Expression Plates are the result of a lifetime of
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Dr. Brett Anderson
Corner Seymour
Phone, Seymour 3381
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Edmonton Police
Investigation Closed
(Continued from page 1)
Vanoouver Unions
f Council — Preiident, R. H. NeeUpds, H.
II. A.; general secretary, *P«<T •*■ Bengotigh.
■Offlee: 308, 319 Pender St, Welt. Phone Hey.
17495, Meets in Labor Hall at 8p.m. on
Ithe flrat and third Ttteidaya in month.
I Meets aecond Monday in the month. President, J. R. White; iecretary, R. H. Neel-
landa. P. 0. Box 86.	
I dova Street Weit—Business meetings
lavery Wedneaday evening. A. Maclnnis,
Ichairman; E. H. Morrison, iec.-treM.: Geo.
ID. Harrison, 1385 Woodland Drive, Vancoo-
Iver, B. 0., corresponding secretary.
I Any district in British Colombia desiring
■information re securing speakers or the for-
Imntlon of local branches, kindly communicate
■with provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
1524 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. C Tele-
jphona Seymonr 1382, or Fairmont 4938.
|    second Thursday every month, 319 Ponder
■ Street   Wost.      Prosidont,    J.   Brightwoll;
■ flnanclal socrotary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth
lAve. East.
nAVU,    fl. B I. ____^___________-—^—	
AL Union of America—Local 120, Vancouver, B. C, moota second and fourth Tiles-
Jllayi in each month in Kooiu 318—319 Pen-
Wor Streot Went. Prosidont, 0. E. Herrott,
R.l Ha.tlnga Street East; secretary, A. B.
Ijani, 320 Cambie Street. Shop phone, Sey.
|i2702.    Residence phone, Doug. 2171R.
J BoilormakOTS, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
I ers ef America, Local 1-4—Meetings Onl
Tand third Mondars iu each month. President, P. Willis: socrotary, A. Fraser.   Offloo:
■ Room 303—319 Ponder Stroet West.    Office
■hours. 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 5 p.m.	
1' brioklayors or masons for boiler works,
■etc.. or marble setters,  phone Brloklayera
TUnion, Labor Temple.	
I TER8 and Joiners, Local 452—Presidont.
Iwm. Dunn; rocordlng socrotary, W. Page;
I business   agent,    Oeo.   H.   Hardy.     OJieo:
■ Room 804—319 Pender Street West Meets
I second and fourth Mondaya, 8 p.m., Room 6,
■ 819 Ponder Street West.
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
TS ANOTHER tie-up of Industry im-*
minent on this continent? Thero
are many and varied speculations on
this question, the would-be capitalist,
in the shape of the small employer of
labor, Is busy at work trying to fathom
the mysteries connected with this
The Journals of the lumber oporu-
tors are full with this question, a3 thoy
endeavor to solve the riddle, the answer of which means a continuation or
a stoppage of their profits. It is probable that but few of them realize
how completely they are at the mercy
of that small- group of magnates who
control the industrial life of this continent. Thc logging camp owner,
whose views are invariably bounded
by the confines of his own two by four
camp, Is never overburdened by knowledge or understanding of the intricacies of capitalist production, and It is
not, therefore, to be wondered at that
he continues to grope in the dark. His
knowledge is limited to such things
as he comes Into immediate contact
with, and his ability'is limited to organizing bogus companies to operate
a blacklist, and to buying new lines
for his logging donkey.
Already the lumber barons are beginning to feel "Jumpy" over tho fact
that orders placed for lumber some
time ago, have been cancelled during
the past two weeks, and new orders
aro coming in slowly.
Some time early this year, the lumber market was artificially stimulated
Tho greatest assistance thut tbe
readers of The Federatlonist can render us at tills time, Is by securing a
now siil>sei'il>er. By doing bo you
sprend the news of tlie working claBs
movement and assist us.
land third Fridays in each month, it148 Car*
iidova Stroot West. Prosidont, David Cuthlll,
112853 Albert Street; secretary treasurer, Geo.
Harrison, 1885 Woodland Drive.	
Steam and Oporating, Local 844—Meots
evory Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 307 Labor
Templo. Secretary-treasurer, N. Green, 953
Hornby Stroet. Phono Sey. 7043R. Rocordlng secretary, J. R. Campbell, 303 First
\Stroot, North Vancouvor.
L Preaident, Nell MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
j secretary, 0. A. Watson. No. 3 Firehall.
\ Union, Local 28—441 Seymour Street.
U Meets Ilrst and third Wednesdays at 2:30
fnro. Socond and fourth Wednesdays at
J 8-30 pm. Executive board meets every
ll'uesday at 3 p.m. President, W. A. Colmar'
\ business agent. A. Oraham. Phone Seymour
I' OF CANADA—An industrial union of all
■tvorkers In logging and construction camps.
■Ceast Dlstriot and Goneral Headquarters, 61
TCordova Streot Wost, Vancouver, B. 0.
Jphono Seymour T^uti. J. M. Clarke, goneral
■.ecrntary-treasnrer; legal advisors, Messrs
TainU'Macdonald &  Co., Vancouvor,   B.  0.;
tiujlitors, Messrs.  Buttar & Chlono,  Vancou
I'or, B. C.
litAOHINISTS LOCAL 182—President, Lee
Goorge; secrotary, J. G. Koefe; business
■igent, P. R. Bengough. Office: 309, 319
|?andor Street Wast. Moots in Room 313—
1)19 Ponder Btroet Wost, on firBt and third
[Thursdays in month.
,-IACHINIHTS LOCAL 692—President, Ed,
Dawson; seoretary, R. Hirst: business
,gont. P. R. Bongough. Offico: 309—319
»endor Street WoBt. Meots in Room 8—
119 Pender Stroet Wost, on second and 4th
insdftys in month.        	
Musicians     mutual     protective
.   UNION, Local 145, A. F. of M.—Moots at
■Moose Hall, Homer Stroet, second Sunday,
__t 10 a.m. President, Ernest C. Miller, 991
Nelson Stroet; seoretary, Edward Jamieson,
f<91 NeUon Street; financial secrotary, W. E.
llVUllams,  991  Nelson  Stroet;   organizer,  F.
■'letcher, 991 Nelson Street,
B'le.CntrTi   VVl   nnnun   o._up_.
■ TORS and Paperhangers ot America, Local
■-38 Vancouver—Meots Snd and 4th Thon-
lays at 148 Cordova Street West. Phone,
7*y. 3510.   Business agent, R. A. Baker
/Deok Bol-dem, Looal No. 2404--MeetB at
'l2 Hastings Street West every Friday, at 8
m.    Jas. Thompson, flnanclal seeretsry.
Rcordeva St West, P. 0. Box 671. Phone
By. 8703. Meetinga every Monday at 7:30
J. Pearson, bualneaa agent.
| 0.—Meeting nlghta, flrst Tuesday »nd 3rd
Irlday of saeh month at headquarters, 318
fordova Street West. President, D. Glues-
Tin; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary-
Measurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
j)vb Street West. Branch agent's address:
Fm. Francis, 1424 Government Street, Vic*
Ma, B. 0.
I ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
If. P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
frd Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. Preildent, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke Drive;
tcordlng secretary, A. V. Lofting; treasurer,
JL F. Andrew; financial seoretary and busi-
Hess agent, W. H. Cottrell, 166—17th Ave.
West. Offlce, corner Prior and Main Streets,
rhone, Fairmont 4504Y.
I America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
Irst Monday In each month, 8 p.m. President, A. R. Oatenhy; vice-president, Mrs.
hoik'  recording seoretary, 0. McDonald, P.
. Box 508; flnanclal eecretary, P. MoNeiah,
. 0. Box 500.
I viet Russia—Vanconver branch meets first
lid third Sundays each month, 2 p.m., at 61
fcrdova Street West. For information write
1 branch seoretary, S. T. A. H. R., 61 Cor-
[•.va Street West, Vanconver, B. 0.     	
|i*P(inRAPHIOAL UNION, No. 220—Prosl-
Ident, R. P. Pettlplece' vice-president J.
d. Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Nee*
Wnt\*\. P. 0. Box 66. Moots last Sunday nf
Voli  month nt i  p.m.  In Labor Hnll,   319
fender Street West-        l _
J ATrON—Moots at 991 NoMn Street, at 11
Im. on the Tuosday preceding tho 1st Sun-
TLy of the month. Presidont. E. A. Jamie-
ffn, 991 Nelson St.; Secretary, C. il. Wll*
■nms, 991 Nelson Bt ; Businoss Agont, F.
Tletcher, 991 Nelson Pt
I UNION, No. 418—President, S. D. Mar-
■•a-ilall secretary-treasurer, J.  M. Campbell,
Jj   O  Box 689.   MeetB last Thursday of each
123 Hustings St. E,—Sey. 3262
830 Granville Stree.—Sey. 86(1
111)1 Griiiivlllo St. — Sey. OUB
326(1 .Main Street Fair. 1683
Butter   Iltittcr   Butter
Our Famous Alberta Creamery
B,mci''  ""!;  $1.20
30c  d35c
Finest Canudiun
Cheese, per lb	
B. C. Fresh Eggs—
Hums    Hums   Hams
Slater's Sugar-cured
Picnie Hams, tb
Sliced Ayrshire Baoon    OA.
per th    OUC
Sliced Roll Bacon
per th	
Slater's    Sugar-cured    Smokod
Rolled Bacon, 4 lbs i
Fresh Meat
Slater's Famed Pork Shoulders,
average weight 4 to | Ci-»
8 lbs. Special, tb... lOfC
Choice Meaty Cuts of     Aft
Veal from, tb    _*-_C
Prime Local Veal Legs
from, tb	
Prime Local Veal Stow
from, lb	
Prime Pot Roasts, from lb...J0e
Prlme Oven  Roasts from,  per
tb, at 13J$e
Prime Rolled Roasts, lb 15c, lHe
Boneless Beef Stew, tb ...10c
Prime Boiling Beef,  lb  Sc
Choice middle cuts of Primo
Alberta Grain-fed
Pork, per tb	
Finest Pure Lard, 3 tbs. for 55c
Beef Shanks, all the meat on, at
per tb  Or
Grocery Specials
Nabob Jelly Powders, 3 for 25e
Brunswick Sardines,  4  for....25c
Rod Salmon, 2 for 30c
Fine Prunes, 2  lbs. for 85c
Choice Dried Pears, per tti....3i_r
Fancy Dried Prunes, 2 lbs. 35c
Finest Pastry Flour. 10-th. sk.
for  15c
We have an up-to-dato delivery system. Olve us a trial
order, be It large or small:
It's all the same to us.
'At Slater's Stores
by the gamblers on the stock exchange. They issued reports to foreign buyers that serious labor troubles
were Impending, ahd that they could
not guarantee shipments of lumber
later than some time early in July.
The result was that the demand for
immediate delivery Increased, and the
price of lumber rose.
That bubble has now been burst.
July will soon be here, and enough
lumber Is on hand to meet all orders.
But few foreign orders, except from
Japan are coming in, and with the decrease fn building activity in the United States, the demand of lumber is
almost sure to decrease, except some
new market can be secured.
Meantime the camp owner continues to speed up production so that
he will be able to close down his camp
if a long spell of dry weather comes
along. In his efforts to increase his
output, he appears to be receiving
able assistance from his slaves, who
are the ones most vitally affected by
the state of the market, because on
continued demand for lumber depends
continuation of their three square
meals per day, but although they are
the ones most affected, they are also
the ones who are least concerned.
In this they are like all workers.
Content to drift with the tide, because
It ts easier to drift wtth the current
than pull against it. If they but knew
their strength when It is organized
and directed, how they could soon
change this "sorry scheme of things
More Light on the
Cuberland Disaster
(Continued from Page 1)
ing trouble, pulled out, notwithstanding the fact that the man was missing
the department appointed a commission and held an inquiry and condemned the man. This in it's place is not
amiss, but its place Is not in an explanation of the death of 33 men at
Cumberland. The Fernie mine-workers, the legislative member for Fernie, and tho B. C. Federation of Labor,
have repeatedly asked for an inquiry
into the death of 43 men at Fernle, in
April, 1917. , It has never been granted. Why such readiness to stage an
inquiry in the case of tho one-eyed
man, where no 111 results have occurred, and who clearly had learned hfs
lesson, and a refusal In the other,
where the results had been so disastrous.
During the samo twelve months
that the list of prosecutions given
cover, there were three serious mine-
disasters in the Province. That Wnke-
siali did not fatten the graveyard
more than it did, is due to the fact
that it happened during the night-
shift instead of the day. Not one of
these disasters could have occurred If
the mining companies had lived up to
the flrst rule tbat suggested itself to
tjhe men who wrote the Coal Mines
Regulation Act. That is Rule 1 of the
special rules, but there has been no
prosecution of a mining company. Are
the mining regulations to be enforced
against the mine workers only? The
Labor members In the legislature
must obtain the answer to this question.
Tho Petty Ofilclul's Position
In its unreasoning desire to exonerate the empolyer, the reports suggest tbat by the nature of the situation, the management must rely on
the minor officials, and that tho latter
In the burnt-out area had not been
any too efficient, Mr. Wilkinson was
not born yesterday, nor has he lived
In a barrel for the last 25 years. He
should know that at the present moment, nine out of every ten shot-
lighters in British Columbia are covering an area that can not be covered
nnd the work performer In accordance with the act. And he should
know of Instances fn which minor officials well understood that thetr reports were to be so written as not to
Interfere with the output of coal. And
Mr. Wilkinson konws of Instances fn
which the minor official who reported
conditions-that the management did
not wish to have recorded on their
books, has had to walk the plank and
become a marked man for the future,
Mr. Wilkinson has started from the
premise that the management could be
guilty of no lapse, could do no wrong,
and as wrong certainly had existed,
clearly then the petty official had hidden the condition from the management. Mr. Wilkinson finds that the
gas was lit by n Chinaman, Jung Tow,
in the return off No. 2 level. The evidence pointed fn this direction so
strongly that Mr. Wilkinson had the
whole debris from the vicinity of the
body carried to the surface and put
through sieves, and after a total of HI
days of this type of work, the burnt
end of a match was found. The discovery of this match has been trente.r
as if It answered all tbe que^tlon-i arising out of the explosion. By this
means the management and the Mines
department have lost sight of tho
whole matter of the mine condition.
There are more ways than one by
which this match stub might flnd Its
way to where it was found—and whilo
this match is Improperly used to settle fo many questions. Mr, Wilkinson
must face tile fnct that it also raises
some questions. The same minute
search that discovered the match stub
should have discovered a pipe or u
clgaretle stub if the Cbhlnamaii had
bcen attempting to smoke, If the
Chinaman was attempting to smoke
on this dale, it Is safe to assume that
he had done so before, and the spot
that on this day impressed him as being safe would have so Impressed him
before, so that by every law of proba
bility we could look for many match
and cigarette stubs, If the latter, in
stead of a pipe had been used. A man
given to smoking in the mine or elsewhere, will hardly restrict himself to
one match, but none were found on
tlie body, The shot lighter patrolling
a district can be looked for about the
same time each shift. The Chinamnn,
if smoking, adjusted his time to smoke
to the exact time that lie could look
for the shot lighter visiting hfs place-
and in fact at the time the latter was
a four-minute walk away—coming direct to his place. Again any man attempting to smoke will hold the
match below his face—on attempting
to do so, and jhis last match, undi
the circu'n^taipces, suggested would
crouch low and cover the light with
face and hands. ' Mr. Wilkinson accepts the view that the explosive gas
was confined to a cavity in the roof,
capable of containing 236 cubic feet of
gas. If the gas were lit by a crouch
ing person stealing a smoke, there
must have been explosive gas to with
in two feet of the floor. And again a
person lighting gas below his face as
this man did, If he did so at all, could
not avoid being burned. Thirteen of
the victims of this explosion were
burned, but Jung Tow was not burned
The only way this man could avoid
being burned was by lighting tlie
match above his head, and even then
the menthane greedy for the neces
sary oxygen would surge downward
and envelope the man.
Tlmt Match Story
With these many conditions conver
glng to Indicate that tbo Chinaman
did not light the gas, and the parties
in control so wilting to draw public
attention away from themselves by
focussing attention elsewhere, it Is not
hard to Imagine by which means the
match stub got to where It was found.
But this does not conclude the nr-
gument. Mr. Wilkinson accepts the
management's contention that short
of this small cavity in the roof of No.
2, the mine air was satisfactory. The
report notes the evidence of flre. that
is coked dust, 1000 feet along No. 4
west level, or approximately 1SO0 feet
from the alleged point of ignition.
Menthane Ignited will expand enorm
ously, but 238 cubic feei of menthane
did not expand to fill the area occupied by a million feet of mine atmosphere, as It must have done lf tlie
charring of a thousand feet along No.
4 west was caused by the gas from the
roof of No. 2 east. Mr. Wilkinson r
alines the weakness of this point, and
gently suggests that dust from tin
siding at the mouth of No. 4 had help
ed to extend the flame. This does not
hel]i matters; 23ii feet of menthane
on igniting would not expand tn reach
the siding on No. 4 level, and as to the
dust suggestion, a dust explosion or
one In which dUHt was an Important
factor, shows more evidence of force
than a gas explosion, tbe evidence of
force extending beyond the evlden
of flre. While this will occur wltb gas
also, the contrary evidence of flre beyond the evidence of force will always
Indicate gas, and not dust, In No. 4
level, charred timbers were found beyond the'nrea of force, Indicating gas
and not dust, as the agency. There
was also evidence of lire In the slant
off No. 4 dip—a thousand feet In another direction from the mouth of No.
2 east level.
TiiniM-rs Destroyed
Beven hundred feet up No. 4 slope
from the mouth of No. 2 east level, nn
overcast constructed of railway rails
and 10x10 timbers set In a base of
concrete, wns destroyed. A force,
having its origin and main impetus In
the face of No. 2 east level, would
have to travel two legs of an ncute
triangle to reach this point. No such
force can have originated from the
body of gns In the face of No. 2 level.
Every inference (other than the
lines of force ns shown by Mr. Wilkin
son) indicates a mine atmosphere
saturated to explosive point and Ignition ns occurring at some point neat
where the two levels ho frequently
named. Joins No. 4 slope. That the
nir Is not satisfactory In this section
of the mine Is evidenced  by the fact
number of special men sworn In for
strike duty, had to arrest everyone in
the parade. On receiving the above
order, they started ln to club men and
women, irrespective of sex, with the
result that a number of them had to
receive medical aid.
The Investigation was the result of
insistent demands upon the city authorities that the actions of the police
on that date be investigated. Needless to state, the city council, with
the exception of the three Labor aldermen, have been consistently opposing the holding of a Judicial Investigation. It was only when the Miners'
Wives Defence Committee hnd grown
to be representative of twenty-flve Labor organizations, including the
Trades and Labor Council, the Canadian Labor Party and the Workers
Party, and after a monster mass meeting had been held under the very door
way of the city hall, on the Market
Square, that the city fathers become
unanimous In the desire to review the
actions of the police force on that
date. The investigation was the result
of the indignation, expressed on all
sides, at this attempt to introduce
Cossack methods into Canada.
To one who listened to the attorney's for the police, question the women who took part ln the parade, the
weakness of their case was apparent.
A continual effort was made to try
and confuse them as to whether they
were struck by a city policeman with
a long coat or by one with a short fur
coat that the Mounties wear. They
could get no satisfaction in their attempt to confuse the witnesses, who
realized that they are representative
of the exploiters, irrespective of
whether they had on a long coat or
short coat, or whether the baton that
they were struck with was two or
three feet in length.
After the witnesses for the miners
side had concluded, Chief of Police
Shute was among the flrst to be called
In rebuttal. He occupied the witness
stand for close onto three hours, and
was put under a severe cross-examination by Mr. Cormack, the lawyer for
the Miners' Wife Defence Committee.
During the cross-examination, Chief of
Police Shute stated that he had been
informed that the executive of the
Workers Party of Canada had put
aside a fund of $5000 in order to "get
him" particularly.
When pressed on this point, he stated that there had been a meeting held
in the U. M, W. A. offlce, at whtch
this dire plot to discredit him had
boen concocted.     Another   statement
that a "booster" fan is being erected
In the district. A "booster" fan in
mine ventilation is like a wooden limb
to a human being, that is, never required unless there is something seri
ously amiss.
In the vicinity of No. 2 parting,
there are several electric installations.
The body of Huby, the shift boss, was
found lying across the driving licit of
nn electrfc-driven air compressor installed In a dead end created by a
heavy stopping ln a place to the raiso
of No. 2 level. Immediately across
the level from the mouth of this place,
there Is a slant driven to the cpunter
level. If it can be assumed that Huby
hud occasion for starting the compressor (Mr. Wilkinson fs silent on the
point) every legitimate t'uetor presented in the report can bc accounted for
by assuming that the gas was Ignited
by Huby turning on the electric power.
Lines of force that at flrst sight would
seem to be inconsistent with this, may
be accounted for by the fact lhat obstructions otber than those in the
main line of movement, and so placed
that tbey can not be driven in the direction of the force, are drawn toward
lt b.v the vacuum created behind it.
Who Is Hcsimnslhle
Under present conditions, nothing
but inconclusive speculation, sucli as
this is possible, for the reason that
tbe whole scene of the trouble Is held
as the special private preserve of the
parties who, at bottom, must be held
responsible for these events. When
the captain of a steamship runs his
boat on the rocks, he has absolutely
no influence in the selection of the
court whicli shall Inquire into the
quality of his uctions. In all modern
civilized life, there Is no other ghastly Joke similar to that where these
take possession of the field, and all
the evidence, and proceed to exonerate
themselves and impute the blame elsewhere. The flrst step toward betterment must be tbe creation, by the
mine workers themselves, of some organization capable of instant action,
and who in the case of a mine calamity, can put qualified representatives
on tbe ground at once, and with all
the powers at present possessed by
the mine Inspector.
And next as the "crosses row on
row" in the mine graveyards ull too
conclusively prove, the Provincial
Mines department has failed to protect the mine worker's life. The appointment of mine Inspectors should
be handed over io the mine worker,
witb tbe power to elect Inspection In
our own hands, our lives would be
more nearly In our own keeping.
As a concluding word, reverting
back to the condition of No. 4 mine,
(.uiu berland, the workings of this mino
are very extensive. While immediate
necessity has compelled haulage ways
to be made as nearly si ralght ns possible, the air courses are the haphazard, patched on. results of following
an Irregular broken seam with a half
a dozen different systems of mining
(Turing a quarter of a century, with
the result thut toll air circuit would
be anywhere from six to eight miles
In length. Without airways of enormously large sectional areas, no fan
made can draw or drive air around a
thousand corners over Ibis distance.
The remedy lies In nn air shaft near
thi! working fuce or new airways driven from the outcrop with regard for
ol.] workings or olher obstacles—but
tbls cohIs money.
Planning to Buy a Range?
Be Sure It's an
No more satisfactory or dependable range on
the market
We have these ranges built according to H. B.
specifications, and rigid inspection ensures
their being right—down to the last nut and bolt.
We've Just Received a
Carload of them
—and in spite of the fact that range prices are going up,
we are selling them at the old price,
At this price they are the biggest bargain procurable.
Up-to-date in every detail—convenient, economical on
fuel, and good loooking, they have a polished steel 'top,
duplex coal and wood grates, white enamel oven door,
nickle-plated base and legs, sk 8-inch cooking holes,
heavy reinforced oven with thermometer, etc.
12 ONLT Range Boilers, with riveted
seams, 30 gallons.  Each.	
Hudson's Bay Company
made by him was that the U. M. W. A.
and the Workers Party were closely
afflliated in the purpose above mentioned. This point waa given so confusedly that It was apparent that
Chief Shute .did not know the difference between an industrial and a political organization, with the result that
when questioned by Mr. Cormack, he
could not give an Intelligent answer,
and the matter rests until the chief
produces proof of the above startling
fact. This admission was given as a
climax of hfs cross-examination, during which a confidential report submitted to the police commissioner by
him was produced by Mr. Cormack,
and this seemed to upset Chief Shute
considerably. Mr. Cormack read extracts from this report to the court,
which were illuminating on several
Another point that tho police found
lt hard toprove no intent to commit
violent acts on the part of the parad-
ers on the 4th of January. The majority ot the women who participated
in the memorable parade had scarcely
ever moved out of their homes during
the course of the strike, and their attitude has been peaceful at ull times.
Whether or not the workers will derive any satisfaction from the investigation, remains to be seen, and in
spite of the efforts of thc city authorities to work up sentiment in favor of
the police by holding an Inspection of
them a few days before the Investigation, was scheduled to begin, this
black spot will remain long after the
strike is forgotten.
There is one thing that this strike
has developed .and that is the need of
a united front by the workers in the
face of this situation, nnd It can be
snld to thc credit of the organized Labor movement In this city, that this
united front has been achieved, a fact
which augurs well, not only in an industrial sense, but also In a political
significance of the great flght to organize the miners of the Edmonton
The greatest assistance that the
readers of The Federatlonist can render us nt this time, Is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so yon
spread thc news of the working class
movement and assist us.
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
1023 Tnx Statements have been .nailed.
Taxes nre due on or before June 30th, 1928
If yuu huve not reoelved your Btatement,
[ihone Ktrrlsdale 91. Unregistered parties
pleatfl note.
W. A. SHB*»PARDt . !
Collector.   '"
Best $2.50
lMasses  nut   -ir.'scritKMl  unl-'NH   absolutely   noCfiSBttry,     Examinations
made by prnduute Byoslght Hpecial-
isis.     Satisfaction   guaranteed.
We grind our own lenses.   Louses
duplicated by mall.
Brown Optical
lie   sure   nf   lliu   address—Above
Woolworth'a  Store,  near
Suite 3ft, Divis Chambers.
Phone Ssy.  1071
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has bcen spared to
ensure purity. It has oost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish- this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
- -'■"^"*'1»VHW! SSit*.
_ FRIDAY June  8, ^92
No Button Athletic
The ideal nainsook athletic combination ia tbe
Hatchway; cool, comfortable, perfect fitting
and constructed witb no buttons to pull off or
become loose in the laundry. STOOK UP
NOW at only, per suit.	
(No dealers or stores supplied)
45-49 Hastings St., East
Newspaper Men
Awarded Wage Increase
(Continued from page 1)	
creased to some extent, and having
regard to the nature of the work and
the skill required by the workmen, I
will award a weekly Wage of $43.50 for
day work, and $49.60 for night work,
and that their claim be sustained to
that extent.
. : With regard to the request of the
Union that the hours be reduced from
iy_ hours to 7 hours per day, having
regard-to the argument submitted by
the counsel for the publishers, I am
of the opinion that the work could not
Phones: Offlce, Sey. 8533.   Res. Bay. 4797L.
Monday, Wednesday, Friday—1 to 8
Tuesday, Thureday, Saturday—1 to fi
Dr. W. Lee Holder
Osteopathy, Spinal Adjustments, Food
Science, Herbs, Hydro Therapy
74 Fairfield Building
Oor. Oranvllle and Pender Streets
Fourteen Yenrs of Experience.      Thousands of Satisfled Patients
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Haatings Street East        2*—STORES—2 66S GranvUle Street
Sey. 988-673 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 9513-1391
Workers' Conference Appoints Committee to Deal with
Melbourne, Australia—At the annual conference of the Victoria branch
of the Australian Labor Party at Melbourne, motions were carried voicing
the opposition of the Australian workers to all wars and attempts on the
part of Imperialists to lead the country Into future wars.
The conference demands that the
Australian federal and state govern'
ments Institute a comprehensive housing scheme for the workers, and that
a committee, representative of all sections of the Australian Labor movement, draw up a well-considered
scheme in order to assist the governments in this work.
It was also .decided to prepare a definite statement of Labor's policy on
Immigration, showing the evil of
dumping men wholesale into Australia, when no jobs are awaiting them.
be efficiently done within the 7 hours,
contended by the union. But in order
to be equitable, I will award the
working day and working night to 7%
hours each.
I am particularly struck with the
frank and clear manner in which the
arguments of the two counsels presented their claims, which to my mind
shows that harmony prevails In all
cases between employer and employee.
Dated'at Vancouver, B. C. this 4th
day of June, A. D. 1923.
(Signed)     JOHN CLEMENS,
It might also be pointed out that
this is the flrst decrease In hours
which has been made in the printing
trades since 1904. The local union
will flght the appeal of the employers,
and it is expected that It. P. Pettipiece
will leave shortly for Indianapolis to
represent the local employees.
T\0 you ever think of the enor-
■^mous expense of some stores?
Our expenses are cut to the bone
Men's Tan Oxfords, just in;
snap price $5.50 •
Men's Tan Muleskin Boots, with
broad elk sole  $3.50
Men's Congress Boots, elastic
sides, 6 to 11, slightly shopworn.   To clear $3.00
Special price on Outing Shoes
for men, women and children.
Men's Khaki Pants $1.95 to $2.25
Men's Khaki Coveralls $2.95
Men's Blue Chambray Shirts 90c
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
(BetWMn 7th and 8th Avenues)
Phone  Fairmont 4859
Stop! Look! Listen!
Society Circus and
Midsummer Carnival
Proceeds of this Show will be used to start a new Labor Temple.
CIRCUS ACTS, and other Big Features    ,
Commencing Saturday, June 30th to
Saturday, July 7th, Inclusive
SEASON TICKET, good for each and every night, 50 cents.
One Hundred and Fifty Dollars given away to the Locals selling the most
First Prize, $75.00.
Second Prize, $50.00.
Third Prize, $25.00
Homer and Smythe Streets
Vote for your QUEEN
1st Prize, Automobile; 2nd and 3rd Prizes, diamond rings, and 4th Prize,
Gold Wrist Watch.
This Is Your Show, So Lets Go!
Farmers from America Receive 3200 Acres of
Good Land
Workers' Communes Pay no
Rent for Their
[By Anise]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Kharkov, Russia—Conditions under
which land ln Russia can be secured
for agriculture are now clear, for sev-
eral contracts have already been made
both with capitalist groups and with
workers' communes.
A recent concession of 25,000 acres
was given to a capitalist company In
the southern part of the Ukraine on
terms which give the company considerable chances for proflt while
safeguarding the interests of the republic. The company Is from Berlin,
interested ln securing food for the
German market.
The concession runs for 24 years,
and may be renewed for 12 years. The
rent for the land is 12 poods of grain
per desiatln, but the surrounding land,
under peasant management, produces
ln average years 100 poods, and ln
good years 150 poods per desiatln.
Thus the rental is about 10 per cent,
of the crop, and exemption may be
claimed in case of drouth. The food
tax must be paid in addition, which
takes another 10 per cent.
For three years the grain scan not
be sold abroad, and after that time,
the Ukrainian government reserves
the right of flrst purchase, at whatever priees are offered abroad. The
fact that grain may. be sold abroad at
all is a notable concession.
Workers' communes coming to settle on the land pay no rent, but are
treated as regular peasant owners,
subject to the food tax only. They get
much more land than the average
peasant, as they come with machinery
and are expected to cultivate more.
To compensate for this fact, they are
under certain requirements about
maintaining an up-to-date farming
commune, which shall be an example
to the surrounding country,
One such commUhe, at Migaevo,
near Odessa, ls considered an example to the rest of Russia In its management. It ls composed of farmers
from America. The group received
3200 acres of rich black soil for a
commune consisting of  150 persons.
Reichstag Membera Makes Startling
Statement After An
Berlin—"German property today Is
safer in Russia than it is in France,
safer than it is In the neighborhood
of France." In these terms Ludwig
Haas, a democratic member of the
German Reichstag, answers the question of safely of foreign property ln
Russia in a signed article in the Berliner Tageblatt. Haas Just completed
a tour of study of Russia. "The European capitalists are poor observers,"
he continues. "Since Versailles they
must know that the worst Bolsheviks
are not ln Russia."
Haas thinks it is out of the question to bring about any changes in
Russia by a counter-revolution. For
this, the present state system Is too
Some of the many reasons why Vancouver
should have a Fireboat to protect Us
waterfront, are as follows:
1. To safeguard to the citizens tho enormous twiiiiKil revenuo of ovor $so,00i>,('i>0.00
ns t-ihiiliiii-.l. All the citizens bon*.*fi- from
2. livi ry piece of property in the entire
city, renl nnd improved, draws approximately 85 per cent, of Its value, due to
nunrncss to this waterfront, und participation
in tho revenuo therefrom.
3. A Fireboat Ib the only ndciiuate equipment to tiuht n fire on the waterfront. Tho
City has no watormnins along tho wnter*
front, hut oven if these existed they would
not serve the purpose.
4. As has hem shown in the last car
shop tire, wc have inadequate flre fighting
equipment to fight two substantial fires at
the same time.
5. In case of a singlo conflagration on
the waterfront, it Ib impossiblo to get equipment there quickly owing to the obstruction
of tracks and freight cars.
(1. We have a period of water shortage
every summer, and if all tho wator wero
drawn from our reservoir storage it would
exhaust It very rapidly and cause a shortage
of water In other portions of the city.
7. A Fireboat of this capacity would afford excellent protection for Stanley Park.
8. Without fireboat protection, between
fifty and seventy-fiv-j million dollars worth
>f property Is in dangor al! the time. If
this property (should bn wip>id cut it would
mean a huge loss to ull lho citizens and
many years of re-building.
9. The waterfront properties now pay
taxes in excess of $30(',000-0;) yearly and
havt, paid In tho hat 20 yeara upwards of
15,500,000.00 ln taxes. Thos* aro not givon
fire protection by tho city and In consequence have had to pay higher ratea of inaurance. The taxes paid by these ratepayers
have gone Into tho general fund, from which
all property owners beneflt excepting the
waterfront property owners.
10. The Harbor Commissioners have
proved to the elty that it is not their duly
to give tin protection aa tho City Charter
extends from the centre of the First Narrows
to Boundary Road In a straight line, ap*
proximately half way across the Bay. The
elty collects taxes In realty and Improvements of all waterfront property, and Its
charter provides that It shall protect life
and property within ita boundaries. If a
Freboat is maintained by the Harbor Board
It would be an extra charge on the ahlpi
entering, which it should be onr endeavor to
keep as low as possible to encourage shipping
at this port.
11. Vory large ratepayers Mich as the
Canadian Pacific Kail way and the Oreat
Northern Railway can obtain no saving of
Insurance as the result of Installing a fireboat, as their Insurance Is granted on flat
rates on the whole of their properly, *.her*
over situated.
12. If a general conflagration occurred
along the waterfront, a huge expenditure
would have to be mad; ln relief work for
the unemployed, which would cost the City
very many times aa much as a Fireboat. Tho
severance of alt communication from the
North Bhore and the loss of aome of our
shipping permanently would also result.
IH. That we have escaped disaster by flre
in the punt Is no guarantee that we shall
In the future unless we use obvious common
sense means to safeguard ourselves. The
form of the shoreline favors a genernl .conflagration, due to our East nnd West wind*.
U. If Vancouver eVfr hopes to become
the large city which everyone predicts It
will bn, this hope rests entirely npon the
harbor. It is entirely due to this huge revenue and commerce, derived from onr position as the ocean terminal gatewsy of the
Pacific thnt Vancouver is giowh'g in spile of
the people     i,i>t  us  safeguard  itl   |
Trades Council Objects to
Interference with Carnival
(Continued from Paga 1)
good hearing, and that in all probability would retain its affiliation with
the council.
The committee on Mayor Tisdall's
water works scheme,' reported favorably, but while the committee could
not agree with all the proposals, the
general principle was endorsed. The
report was adopted.
The Musicians reported that they
were not opposed to band concerts in
the parks on Sundays as reported, and
asked to be recorded as making this
objection, but were opposed to Sunday
movies and other shows of a like nature.
Notices of motion to amend the
constitution were then dealt with, and
the first notice was defeated. This
was to the effect that the constitution
be amended to admit any delegate who
had not been a member of his own
organization one year. The second
was a notice of motion to amend the
constitution so that the council would
not have the right to preclude any
delegate for hts activities against the
International Labor movement. This
was carried by a vote of 20 to 11, The
council then adjourned at 10:10 p.m.
Other delegates took part in the discussion, all voicing objections to the
discrimination and the unfair tactics
of the employers and their associations
in attempting to block the Trades
Council carnival and Queen contest,
which, as Delegate Pettipiece said, was
the first time the workers had ever
sought to secure money by such
Drydock Wnges
The Wallace drydock was the next
important Item dealt with by the council. Delegate Thompson pointed out
that the carpenters were not being
paid the wages which was in line with
the rate of the Pile Drivers and
Wooden Bridgemen, which was ?7 per
day. He also stated that Business
Agent McSween, of the Amalgamated
Carpenters, had offered to supply men
at $5.85 per day, and that this organization was not affiliated with the council, while he understood that Wallace's
had agreed to give preference to the
unions affiliated with the central body.
He moved that a committee be appointed to Interview Wallaces, and to
secure the aid of all organizations
whose members would be employed
on this job.
Secretary Bengough read the correspondence which had been exchanged between the council and the Wallace Company, and stated that the
United Brotherhood of Carpenters
were to blame for recognizing the
Amalgamated and dealing with a man
who at all times wrapped himself in
the Union Jack, and when the boss
saw the price offered by thi_j indivi
dual, he fell ail over himself.
Delegate Flynn suggested that the
committee should be instructed to go
to the company and state thnt no scab
organization should work on the job,
and that the committee "should hnve
definite instructions to that effect.
Delogate Dunn stated that the exe
cutfves of the Pilo Drivers, and local
452 had met, and that his organization was willing to go all ihe way with
the Pile Drivers, but that the Trades
Council should be behind the moves
made. The motion was carried, and
Delegates Flynn, Hardy, Bengough
and Fraser were appointed on the
Delegate Pettlplece moved that a
protest be sent to the Parks Board
against the closing of the playground.1
on Sundays. In support of his motion, he stated that the complaint 1.'
made that It will cost money to secure A supervisor for Sunday work.
But he also pointed out that it would
cost money to keep twenty policemen
to keep the kiddles from their playgrounds.   The motion was adpted.
Delegate McDonald of the Tailors'
Untpn, moved that a letter of protest
be sent to the South Vnncouver Mu
nlcipal Council, protesting against the
awarding of the contract for police
and firemen's uniforms to a nonunion firm.   The motion was adopted,
The Cumberland mine disaster was
given some attention, when a letter
from thc Victoria Trades and Labor
Council, asking for some effort being
made by organized labor to bring the
real facts to life. Reference was also
made to the report of the official investigator into this disaster. The let
ter was received and referred to the
locals through their delegates.
A communication was received
from the local No More War committee asking for the support of the council! It was received and on motion,
the request was complied with.
A communication gent by the secretary to the Parks Board urging support for the Musicians Union's stand
in connection with better music in the
parks, was read and endorsed.
The Union Label committee reported that the last dance had been a,
success, and that $145.70 had been
turned over to the Clgarmakers, and
that the dance wns attended by moer
trade unionists than any previous
The following committee was appointed to act In connection with the
Trades Union Label Directory: Delegates Herrett, 'McCurnach, Cory,'
Graham, McDonald, Thomas and
The committee appointed to Interview the local Lathers Union, through
Delegate Dunn, reported that this organization had given the committee n
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
Terminal Railway Ballantyne Pier
Storage Yard
SEALED TENDERS, addressed to the undersigned, covering tho supplying of steel
rails, fasteningB, switches and frogs, switch
stands, etc,, will be received at the offices
of the Vancouver Harbor Commissioners,
712 Pender Street West, until 12 o'clock
noon, city time, of Tuesday, 12th of June,
Specification, contract and form of tender
may be obtained at thc office of the Chief
Engineer, 712 Fender Street West, on deposit of $50,00, which will bo refunded on
return of specification, contract, ete.
Lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
May 31st, 1928.
Dr. E. Gallant
Announces   chiug.   of   .Belt ttom
0_.t_r--.tta_ Bldg,  to now building
Cor. Granvillo and Hobson Sis.
(Entrance 712 Bobson St.)
Soymonr 8790
Branch Offices:
Jubilee   Station  Ooll.  18713;    Colllngwood West,   OoU.  178X3
(Rupert ond Wellington)
Fine quality English Serge,
stylishly ent and well made
in conservative aad D. B.
models. These are wonderful value—
Grey Serge
With 2 pairs Pants
Extra good value in a dressy
business Suit, mode from a
good heavy quality serge.
The price is its beat advertisement—
Oor. Homer and Hastings
Efary Mon., Wed. ud Bat. Bvutafi
801 HORNBY ST. Opp. Omrt Hot
Upstairs at 653 GRANVILLE STREET
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
It will only cost you 8 cents per thousand dollars
The following would be the loss to the City of Vancouver if any
one or all of its waterfront industries were destroyed by fire:
Canadian Pacific Railway, wages and supplies $ 9,332,000.00
Harbor Commissioners, expenditures, Mar. 31,1923 5,017,269.-_(J.!
Pour C. P. R. Empress boats, wages and supplies.. 2,600,000.00
Pour C. P. R. Empress boats, Tourist travel  400,000.00 ■
Canadian Govt. Mer. Marine, wages and supplies 1,750,000.00
Hastings Mill, wages and supplies  1,750,000.00
Canadian Pish, wages and supplies  1,443,000.00
B. C. Sugar Refining Co., wages and supplies  1,500,000.00
Evans, Coleman & Evans, wages and supplies  1,340,000.00
Union S. S. Company, wages and supplies  1,250,000.00
V. & V. Stevedoring Co., wages only  1,000,000.00
Empire Stevedoring Co., wages only  761,000.00
Canadian Aus. S. S. Co., supplies and tourists  850,000.00 ,
B. W. Greer & Sons Ltd., wages arid supplies  432,000.00
P. Burns & Co., wages only  400,000.00
B. C. Marine Limited, wages and supplies .;.  350,000.00 j
Hastings Shingle Mill, wages and supplies  382,000.00 .
Canadian Customs, wages only  272,000.00 I
B. W. B. Tow Boat Company, wages and supplies 250,000.001
Brooks Bidlake & Co., wages and supplies  240,000.00 J
Admiral Line, wages and supplies  220,000.00 ]
Dingwall Cotts & Co., (shipping agents)  193,000.00
Coyle Tow Boats Co., wages and supplies  192,000.001
• Empire Shipping Co., wages and supplies  163,000.00 j
Canadian Robert Dollar Co., wages and supplies.... 150,000.00
Balfour Guthrie, wages and supplies .:  164,000.00
Harbor Navigation Co., wages and supplies  100,000.00 <
Royal Mail S. S. Packet, wages and supplies  100,000.00 j
Canadian Shingle Co., wages and supplies  158,000.00 ,
Vancouver Shipyards, wages and supplies  90,000.00
Miscellaneous (not itemized)   3,500,000.00
Wholesalers and firms not wishing thcir figures
made known) 	
Taxes collected from waterfront by city (not included in above)   308,000.00
Total - $36,647,269.00
A few items of supplies brought in by the Coastwise S. S. Co.'s:
Prom the logging camps $16,000,000.00 ]
Prom the canneries .-.- !.,. 17,000,000,00
Granby Consolidated Mining Co    3,750,000.00
Pacific Mills     1,750,000.00
Powell River    1,750,000.00
Whalen Pulp & Paper    1,200,000.00
Britannia Mines -    1,000,000.00 j
Other miscellaneous revenue of small cities and
towns, coal and other mining companies, estimated conservatively at    3,000,000.00 j
Grand total $82,097,269.00/


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