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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 23, 1920

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Array BRITISH
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:   STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER W^ADES AND LABOR COUNCIL.
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTORS
TWELFTH YEAR.   No. 30
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY JfORNING, JULY 23,1920
$2.50 PER YEAR
L
II
Privy Council Does Not
See Anything Shocking in Trial
Next Move Must be Made
by the Working*
Class.
On Wednesday It was learned
through tha press that the appeal
in the case of R. B. Russell to
the privy counoll Kad been dismissed. Later reports would Indicate that tho Winnipeg defense
committee has decided not to go
any further In the appeals in the
cases of the other labor men now
lh gaol, aa a result of the Winnipeg strike and the hysteria that
lt created In the ranks of the ruling class of this country.
The stand taken' by the privy
council waa that while there might
have been something wrong, that
a violation of natural Justice had
not been made. The right of appeal^ in criminal cases was also
brought into question, The lord
chancellor pointing out that only
ln very special cases could an appeal be allowed ln criminal cases.
Naturally a member of the working class arrested and convicted on
evidence procured by stool pigeons,
would not be considered a special
case, especially when It is remembered that Russell a'nd his comrades are Socialists, Lord Haldane
stated: "We can not interfere un-
less something has happened In
the courts below which amounts
to something shocking In the conduct of judges and ^outrages the
form of justice."
The general opinion of the
workers In this country, is that
something shocking to all decent
people was pulled off In Manitoba,
both before the case reached the
court, and after. But what Is
shocking to the working class, under similar conditions as prevailed in this country lost year, would
only appear to be perfectly correct to persons with ruling class
ethics as their basis of ideas on
, justice, and what Ib right or wrong.
The case now rests with the working class of this country. By the
electors expression of opinion at
the ballot box ln Winnipeg, It can
be concluded that the people of
that city do not adjudge the men
tn gaol guilty, tho ruling class considers they are, and tho entire matter now rests with the working
class. - If the workers learn by the
lesson presented to them by the
master class, Russell and his com
rades will not have suffered in
vain. The next move In' the case
rests with the workers; at such
time and place as they may see
the opportunity of questioning the
position assumed by the ruling
class.
PUT PRINCIPLES
IE-
farmer-Labor Party in U.
S. Makes Good at
Start
By the Federated PreBs)
Chicago — The Farmer-Labor
Party of America, amalgamated
from delegates to the conventions
of the Labor Party and the Committee of Forty-eight, arid from
, Non-Partisan League farmers who
came to look on, put principles
above expediency tn adopting a rad
leal working-class platform, even
though lt meant thut Robert M,
La Follette, the practically unanimous choice of alt groups withiu
the amalgamation, declined to run
becauso of It. Again and again during the dramatic session, when the
discussion on the platform took
place, spokesmen of labor declared
that the platform was the paramount Issue; the choice of candidates only Incidental.
Chrlstensen, the presidential candidate, ls one of the best known
labor attorneys of the west. He has
been successively a Republican,
Progressive and Wlteon Democrat,
but after taking up the first I. W.
W. cases to be prosecuted in Utah
and defending the workers in these
cases, he rapidly evolved until he
could sincerely say to the convention upon his election, "Every fibre
In my system sounds In sympathy
with the platform that has been
adopted."
The convention made short shift
of the various names, other than
Farmer-Labor proposed for the
new party. American party, Columbian party, United party, People's
party—all melted away before the
magic of the name Farmer-Labor,
which consciously and intentionally
links as a working-class movement
the toilers of the soil and the workers ln industry.
Pritchard's Address to the Jury.
Copies of Pritchard's address to
thc jury can now be secured at the
Federatlonist Office. Tlio words
of Prltchard, when addressing the
jury at Winnipeg will go down lu
htetory hs a part of tbe struggle In
human society for liberty. Every
worker should {have a copy. Get
yours before the rush starts. Price
S3 cents.
The Lkbor party has eleven
candidates In the field to-contest
thc elections in Nova Scotia July
27. The Farmers have nominated
fourteen   candidates.
BATTLE CRY
Big   Human   Slaughter
Rather Than Independence for Ireland
(By The Federated Press)
London. — "Five years' war
and a million casualties" rather than recognition- of the
Independence of Ireland," was
Lloyd George's answer to a deputation of British rallwaymen who
called upon him to. urge the with,
drawal of the army of occupation
from Ireland and the cessation of
the transportalon of munitions,
The Premier threatened to close
down the Irish railways unless the
men agreed to help him In operations against Ireland,
J. M. Thomaa, who acted as
spokesman of the rallwaymen, said
that If the troops were not with
drawn at least a truce should be
called. Lloyd George refused to
consider withdrawal of the troops,
"If lt Is a question of setting
up an Independent Irish Republic In this small group of islands,
that Is a thing we could accept
If we were absolutely beaten to
the ground," he said. "In the Uni
ted States Lincoln faced a five
years' war and a million casualties rather than acknowledge the
Independence of the southern
states. We ahould do the same
thing."
Bloodshed would follow the
government's threatened policy of
locking out railway workers who
refused to carry munitions ln Ireland, Thpmas declared. "There ts.
bound to be the most terrible kind
of Btarvatlon," he asserted. "Of
course your troops can wipe out
the IrlBh people, but you will not
leven then have contributed toward the solution of the problem."
"We really have got to remain
absolutely adamant," was the Premier's reply.
All the miners working In the
Blue Bell mine at Riondel, B. C.
walked out this week when the
O.B.U. delegate was discriminated
against and flred.
AT THE EMPRESS
F. M. Cassidy Explains
Socialist Position in
Manitoba.
Although the prevailing flne
weather naturally attracted the
workers out-doors to recuperate
their physical energies, there were
a fair number who attended fhe
meeting at the Kmpress Theatre
on Sunday last to exercise .their
mental powers on matters of particular moment to their own class.
F. M. Cassldy occupied the platform for the Socialist Party of
Canada, and In opening his address pointed out the. changed
viewpoint in connection with the
popular idea ot a Socialist speaker who -was formerly classified
wtth those who had a remedy for
the salvation of humanity to bring
to the attention of an afflicted
world. In a somewhat humorous
vein the speaker dealt with some
of the precepts of capitalist philosophy with regard to the worship
of "Work," In order to live long,
etc.. thrift and other savory, wisdom from the teachings that were
part of our popular education.
"Prosperity means lots of work
and few slaves."
A brief outline-of the basis of
the Class Struggle; the outstanding features of the French revolution and its significance as the
change from feudal to capitalist
society tn France, and the Importance of the workers thoroughly
understanding the lessons that
were to be learned from the historic events In which members ot
their class participated in the past
were urged upon his hearers.
The policy pursued by the Socialist Party ln the recent Manitoba elections tn contrast with that
of the Dominion Labor Party and
other parties with "promises" was
dealt with ln some detail, and
the speakior took occasion took
occasion to point out that lf they
were out for reforms they must go
to the master class for them, but
If they were out for something
more, than that then they must
realise that their way to freedom
laid through their own Intelligent
efforts. The Socialist Party was
content to look to the future to
endorse the correctness of the policy followed by them during the
Manitoba elections, without any
spirit of "I told you so" to those
of the working class who failed to
realise the correct position they
ocupled tn the social problems confronting them.
The outstanding feature of the
period allotted for questioning
was the question as to whether the
speaker could explain the consistency of a Marxian Socialist holding an official position In an Industrial organization such as the
O. B. U. The reply evidently did
not satisfy the questioner as it
was noticeable that a somewhat
healthy debate was In progress on
Hastings street some time after
the meeting broke up. Chas. Lestor will be the speaker next Sunday.
iuhseribors, Please Note!
Many subscribers In renewing
their fiubscrlptlooa are sending tn
tho old price. Tlio new rates nro
ns follows: In Cnnada, $2.50 per
year; $1.50 per half year. United
States, $11.00 per year. If subscribers will sec that they send In thc
proper amount It will aid us md
also avoid confusion,
PROTEST AGAINST
COLORADO
TACTICS
Big Meeting at Winnipeg
Over Taylorton
Affair.
WOMEN'S AUXILIARY TO
MEET FRIDAY KIOHT.
Action of Defense Committee Endorsed —
Funds Needed.
Two thousand people attended
a meeting last Sunday ln Winnipeg, to protest against the tactics
of tho operators of the coal mines
at Taylorton, Saskatchewan, where
the miners have been locked out
owing to their being members of
the O. B. U. and having attended
a meeting called by organizer
Christophers, which however, he
did not. address, as he was kidnapped, and told never to return,
The action taken by .the Winnipeg Defense committee in sending
an investigator to the scene, was
endorsed by the meeting. The report of the Investigator, J. S.
Woodsworth, ts as follows:
Bfenfalt ls a small town east of
Estevan. The centre of a district
containing a. number of small
minea. On Wednesday, June 80th,
Christophers arrived In Blenfait.
Next day he appeared at an annual
picnic at Taylorton. According to
the local paper, "The Estevan
Progress,": "Hts presence there
caused some concern to the mine
managers because of Christophers'
reputation as an agitator. .
Christophers Ejected.
The police had no evidence
whereby he could be arrested, he
having committed no crime, but
he was ejected because he is con
sidered an undesirable citizen and
was likely to be a source of trouble
and discontent. Christophers had
announced a meeting of the miners
for Sunday afternoon. On Saturday night, however, a group of
men from Estevan came to the
hotel where Christophers was
staying, ordered him to dress, then
took him to Noonan in North Dakota, told him to keep moving,
and threatened him wtth dire penalties if he should return to Canada. Needless to say, Christophers took the flrst train back to
Canada. Apparently no effort has
been made by the authorities' to
discover the perpetrators of .this
outrage.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
and Provincial Police Have been
called ln in large numbers to guard
the mines, which apparently means
to dragoon the miners' into submission.
There Is a persistent rumor ln
Estevan vicinity that the raid was
made with the conlvance of men
connected with the Provincial Police Force. A number of returned
men were Induced to participate
in the raid, but the man responsible was a shareholder in one of
the mines.
M«A Locked Out.
The morning following the kidnapping 34 men were locked out
from Taylorton mine and 4 from
the Crescent mine. The manager
of the Taylorton mine states that
he asked the men lf they belonged
to the O. B. U., and thereupon dismissed all members of that organization; that his company will
not .employ any O. B. U. men.-
They have themselves built these
homes in a little valley and most
of them have lived there for a
number of years, The land, however,- iw owned by the Company,
and the men have no agreement
ro their tenure of the property.
The manager slates that he hopes
he will not have to take drastic
action.
On Saturday night It Is reported
that a shot was fired, at the manager's house. The men believe this
occurronce to have been a frame-
up. However, four Provincial police are now on guard at eaeh mine
except the Hawklnson mine, the
manager of which Is reported to
have asked the police to leave.
The locked-out men report that
they had no dispute with the Com-
(Contlnued on page 8)
Great Dissatisfaction Is
Found Among the Old
Craft Organizations
(By The Federated Press)
Altoona, Pa.—The One Big
Union has established a Railroad
Unit here. An ex-service mun and
locomotive engineer him been elected chairman, and railroad men In
all lines of service on the road, In
the yards and In the shops are affiliating rapidly.
Grout disaffection is said to exist
among the rank and file with officialdom In the old craft organizations and a breakaway has definitely set In toward the newer
form of industrial unionism.
There are approximately 20,000
railroad workers employed at this
point.
The opening of general headquarters of the O. B. U. for the
United States In Chicago last week
has served to stimulate the movement.
Vancouver branch of the Women's Co-operative Guild has suspended meetinga until the first
Thursday In September.
Final   Arrangements   for   Picnic
Will Be Made at This
Meeting.
The final arrangements for the
O.B.U. picnic wtll be made tonight
(Friday) at the regular meeting
of the women's auxiliary of the
O.B.U., and lt ls hoped that all
members will be on hand to give
their opinions and suggestions to
the committee that has the matter In hand. It is Intended to continue the meetings of the organ-,
fzatlon throughout the summer1
months, and all women workers
are invited to attend--these meetings.
Food rioters ln Westphalia threw
the profiteers and policemen Into
the Rhine. Evidently the Allied policy Is working.
IN
MTERCH0ROH WORLD
MOVEMENT COLLAPSES
Too Much In Worldly Affairs—Big Business
Bucks
;',New York—Putting God on a
found flnanclal basis, tho task undertaken by the Interchurch World
movement, has proved a wild-oat
scheme.
The movement has collapsed, In
spite of the vote just taken by the
general committee to continue
"Though on a greatly modified
scale." It has collapsed largely because holy-minded capital, when lt
found the Interchurch Movement
entering Its own precincts by making Investigations of large Industrial centres, decided that the concern of the church was with the
other world and not wtth thiB, and
withdrew ItB flnanclal support.
Outcome Will Have Important Bearing on
Organization
The coast district concluded a
strenuous convention late
Saturday night. J. M. Clarke was
re-elected district secretary by acclamation.
Forty-eight delegates .were
elected to represent the coast district at (he general convention,
which opened up on Monday
morning with delegates present
frgm all provinces west of Ontario.
A summary of the convention proceedings are given on the loggers'
page.
'The^actlon taken by the con*
ventlon will have an Important
bearing, not only upon the future
of the lumber workers, but also;
upon the O.B.U. in general, owing
to the strength of the organization and the fact that tn the short
time that It has been ln existence
it -has proven Its adaptability to
the needs of the occasion and has
as a consequence attained a large
measure of success equalled by no
ohher body during that period.
The district secretary at Winnipeg Is making an urgent appeal
for funds to help the locked out
O.B.U.,   men  at Taylorton,   Sask.
Conditions at Grant Smith and
MacDonald's camps between Three.
Valleys and Clanwllllam, IB miles'
west of Revelstoke, are rotten.
Men quitting In large numberB—70
In camp, make your own bunk;
little food and bum quality; - nO
bath or hospital accommodation!
no accident equipment. Job run
by sub-contractor. Look out for
this  outfit.
It Is reported that to save the
Campbell River Lumber Co. the
expense of installing proper equipment "on their logging trains at
Fox's camp, Stay Bay, the railway board gave the company permission to operate until next November without installing air
brakes on their cars. The engine
only being equipped with this appliance. It does not look as. If the
lives of the men were worth much
In the eyes of the company or the,
railway commissioners; and no
wonder they take this viow when
a man, If he Is single, can \ bo
kilted at a dost to the employer
not exceeding $75. Evidently it's
a case of lives are cheap, air
brakes cost money. The bull block
is olso being operated without
safety appliances.
Big Movement Started By
the Australian
Workers
The Seamen's Union ln Australia has initiated a movement to reorganise the Transport Workers
Federation of Australasia. It ls
proposed to link up ln the Federation the following unionB:—Mer-.
chant and Shipping Guild (shipmasters and officers); marine engineers; marine cooks, butchers
and bakers, marine stewards and
pantrymen; waterside workers,
and coal lumpers, trolley and draymen, crane employees, shipwrights,
and marine painters and dockers,
One of the alms of the new Federation will be to arrange so that
no organisation among them will
enter into any strike without the
consent of the others. A second
aim will be to decide what steps
should be taken to gain satisfactory settlement of all disputes. The
scheme Is part of the general movement In Australia to gain complete
control of Industry by tho unions
in order to bring about a more
equitable distribution of products
than is at present possible.
S
TO THE COURTS
Men Were Locked Out
By    Company    at
Cassidy Siding
While the country is facing a
Shortage of coal, at* leaat one company takes the stand that owing
to over-production they have had
to close down. At least that Is the
statement of Comptroller Qulnn of
the Granby outfit. He has also been
very emphatic In hts statements
to the effect that there is no strike
at Cassldy Siding. The facts of
the case are that the miners were
loxsked.out because.they refused to
accept a rduction of wags, and desired to have the matter of wages
and conditions settled by a committee representing the miners
working in that mine. The manager of the mine Is also reported
to have said, when the lockout became effective, "That there were
a number of the miners who would
never get back, and that the company would only hire such men as
suited." The men recognize only
too well that discrimination will
%E* practiced. Owing to the fact
that a lockout has taken place before the provisions of the Industrial Disputes Investigation act
were invoked, the miners are considering taking action against the
company ln the courts.
Next winter when coal Is scarce,
the miners will be blamed for the
suffering that will ensue on the
prairies as a result of a shortage
•f'fuel. But the real blame will
rest with .the coal operators, and
the department of labor and the
toel controller who haye been responsible for the reduction ln the
production of coal tn the past few
months to an extent that no strike
was ever responsible for.
Members of the Hotel and Restaurant Employees' Union of Vancouver refute the statement made
ln the -dally press last week to the
effect ttyit all members are working. There Is quite a number unemployed.
Soviet Russia ' haa refused to
cease war on Poland at the request
of Great Britain. Russia Bays
that If. Poland wants peace she
can appeal directly to Russia,
. Contracts totalling $6,000,000
awarded Canadian firms by Russia," have been cancelled because
of the deportation by British authorities of Nourteva.
IR GOVERN!
BANS ALL TITLES
New South Wales Gov't
Won't Recommend Tin
Tags for Honors
Some lime ago an anti-Labor
government made several recommendations of titles for prominent
persons to be handed out when the
Prince of Wales visited Australia.
Among these titles was onc for a
Conservative politician "for his
statesmanlike actions ln quelling
industrial troubles In 1017,"—ln
other words, for strikebreaking.
But when the new Labor government came Into power at the end
of .last March one of Its first acts
was to abolish the recommendations for titles, with the announcement that, as a democratic party,
It 'could not be a party to recommending tin-tags for prominent
citizens of the State.
O.B.U.  PICNIC
Won't forget  the O.B.U. picnic
at Kitsllano Beach Sunday.   Sports
for the kiddles.
A. E. Moore, Labor M.P.-elect
for Springfield, Man., polled 802
votes in Transcona while his opponent  polled   61.
More Money Needed
THE Appeal in the Russell case will be heard by the
Judicial committee of the Privy Council on the 21st.
Money is urgently needed to meet thc expense of this
appeal and to care for the families of thc men in gaol.
The workers of British Columbia have done splendidly
but thc Defense committee is compelled to call for more
assistance. It is to be hoped, that, this will bc thc last
appeal that will bc made. Another push nnd wc will bc
over thc top.  Give us your aid.
»-.-..»».«".-■."...."....-....-.-»,
Draper  Admits  Having
Money to Break the
O. B. U. With.
Not at Liberty to Reveal
Dealings, They Were
"Private Affairs."
The more a stagnant pool is
stirred, the mor* It smells. The
more stir there Is against the International trade unton movement,
the more Its corruption ls disclosed. The supporters of the
O.B.U. have been accused of
throwing mud against the Internationals, -but the shoe Is on the
other foot, for the O.B.U. does not
have to Indulge in the tactics
usually indulged ln by men.without an argument, and the activities of the,men who now control
the International trade union machine, are sufficient to besmlroh
the reputation, of that moribund
aggregation' know as the "legitimate trade unionists," or the safe
and same element. How sane these
people are can be judged by the
following enlightening press despatch which was published ln the
Calgary Herald, and as the capitalistic papers have now become
the champions of the respectable
element ln the working class
movement, it will hardly be suggested that the report was published for the purpose ot destroying the "reputations" of the men
Involved, or the organizations they
represent:
Ottawa, July 10.—A special to
The   Citlsen   from   Detroit   says:
"Allen E. Barker, deposed grand
president of the United Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employees and Railway Shop Laborers, charged by the brotherhood
with Improper handling of f 172,-
00 of brotherhood funds, admitted In answer to charges In circuit court here that he had authorized a cheque to P. M. Draper, Ottawa, Canada, for $50,000, to be
used In combatting the "One Big
Union" movement In Canada.
"Barker Is alleged to have
pledged the brotherhood for large
sums to support the Plumb plan
and other labor projects, also to
have Invested brotherhood money
ln Detroit real estate.
"Barker holds a life pass on Canadian rallrods, presented by the
government for services ln labor
disputes. Negotiations for a settlement are pending."    '
P. M. Draper, Interviewed here
said: ■
"A year ago a sum of money,
around $60,000 was sent to Canada
to carry out certain work, which
1 am not at liberty to speak about
because It relates to private affairs of the labor movement. I
may say, however that It was all
for perfectly legitimate work ln
furthering the Interests pf organized labor, A complete statement
was furnished Mr. Barker,, with regard to the disposition of it aB he
desired, 'and I have documents
that the instructions were' carried
out to his satisfaction. I am not
In a position to talk as to the peo-
pie to whom the money was given.
I simply acted as agent in handling
tt and my transactions ln that capacity were accounted for and acknowledged. I acted privately and
not as secretary of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada."
Took Nine Weeks to Get
Jurymen for Trial
of Reds
Chicago—After the-monotony of
nine weeks of grilling of prospective jurors, in the course of which
some fifteen hundred veniremen
Were summoned, the actual trial
of the members of the Communist
Party cornea as a relief to all concerned. Of the twenty-four men originally Indicted, nineteen are In
attendance, three were nollo pross-
ed (cases dropped), and John Reed
and one other are out of the country.
"We are going to show that the
left wing manifesto nineteen times
advocates throughout Its course a
violent overthrow Jay the laboring
men of this government and the
establishment of a dictatorship of
the proletariat In Its stead," said
Prosecutor Hoth,
It Is evident from the opening
statement that the prosecution will
bring all tho way from Seattle,
Washington and Winnipeg, Man!
toba, witnesses to picture the aw
ful things that aro alleged to have
happened because the workers in
those cities went on general strike.
"These are conditions that these
defendants say they support /and
welcome and advocate as the most
effective means of waging / the
workers' revolution and of overthrowing the government of these
United States," commented the assistant state's attorney In closing.
Arrested Year Ago Hav«
Been Held at New
Westminster.
Slocan Striko Fund
The following donations havo
been made to the Slocan Strike
Fund. Hedley Metal Miners, $58;
P. W. Dunning, Trail, $8; Blue
Bell Workers, Riondel, $19.50; C.
P. R. Unit O. B. U., Winnipeg, $50.
Defense Fund.
The Cigar Makers of the Van
Loo Cigar factory contributed the
sum of $10.75 to the defense fund
last week.
IN
New Tork, (N Y. Bureau).--
A concerted drive during the next
four months to rally the Italian
workers of the United States to
the support of Eugene V. Debs and
Seymour Stedman, Socialist candidates for president and vice-president, will begin at once by the
Italian Socialist Federation, according to Q. Valnetl, a member
of the national executive council
of the Italian Federation, who has
just returned from a two day conference of the committee In Pittsburgh.
While the capitalistic class crys
more production, the policy adopted
fs one of decreased activity In order
that wages may be reduced.
Millions of Acres Turned
Over to Ukranian
Peasants
Vienna, June Cth, (By Mail)
(N. Y. Bureau)—Reports reaching
here from Soviet Ukranla tell of
tho opening of a Soviet Congress
at which the dclogates reaffirmed
their leyalty to the Soviet Ideal and
took pains to emphasize tho fact
that Soviet Ukrainia was aiding Soviet Russia ln fighting back thc invading Poles. C. lUikovsky, chairman of the Council of 1 »eqj. le's
Commissioners of the Ukraine, In
reporting on thc activities of thut
body, suid that 14,000,000 hectares
(about 35,000,000 acres) o'f farming land had bcen taken away from
tho agrarians nnd turned over to
tie peasants for use. He ulso re*
ported that tho miners of the De*
netz Basin had produced a remarkably large amount of coal, despite
the difficulties duo to the war.
A news despatch from Moscow
states that there fs a Bolshlvlst
uprising in Poland. Disturbances
have occurred In Warsaw and in
th*. forest  regions.
Only an Armed Force Can
Relieve Sufferings of
Miners
(By the Federated  Press)
Charleston, W. Va.—An .armed
force alone can enter McDowell
county and bring relief to the
families of miners evicted as the
flrst step in a reign of terror
inaugurated by the mine owners,
Every road is closed by heavily
armed guards and serious trouble
Is anticipated.
This American white terror began when the homes of 100 men
suspected of being memhers of
the United Mine Workers of
America were broken Into, the
men arrested wtihout warrants
and confined without bond In tho
McDowell county jail.
The families of the miners placed under arrest were then thrown
out of the company-owned houses.
Simultaneously hundreds of heavily armed guards were placed, at
all roads leading into the county,
to stop any effort to relieve the
sufferings  of  the  evicted  miners.
A pouring rain descended;, and
the women and children were
soaked to the'skin. The word was
passed around that any miner who
dared to give shelter to evicted
women and children would ulso be
evicted.
MILLWORKERS
Millworkers ln Vancouver, district will hold a mass meeting on
Monday, August 2nd at 8 p.m. In
the hall at, headquarters of the
Lumber and Camp Workers Industrial Union of the O. B. U.
Arrangements are being-made to
have good speakers address thc
meeting on Industrial unionism, and
all mill workers who are interested In getting better wages and
working conditions should avail
themselves of the opportunity of
hearing this subject discussed.
The regular business meeting of
mill workers will be held at Iheir
headquarters on Monday next,
July 26th, at 8 p.m. and all members should arrange to be present
as Important matters will be discussed.
A supply of literature will be on
hand; also dodgers advertising the
mass meeting whicli they should
secure and distribute among their
fellow workers in the mills.
New York.—The United States
government lifted the trade ban
agulnst Soviet Russia as a play to
the galleries. The present arrangement leaves the problems of
Interchange unsolved, and gives no
practical guarantee either to the
American business man or to the
Russian purchaser. This view of
the government's move was ex-
prcsesd by Ludwig C. A. K. Martens, representative of the Russian Soviet government, in a public statement. Behind his remarks was the unexpressed eon-
tctlon thnt Washington had acted
In a typically ambiguous and Insincere fashion to satisfy the demands of the business men for
trade, and of the people for the
cessation of America's part in the
starvation of Russian women nnd
children.
Were Convicted on Evidence of Wilson, Roth  ,
and Dourasoff.       I
The sequel to the arrest of a
number of Russiuns In Vancouver
on July 19th, last year, charged
with belonging to a secret organization teaching disbelief and opposition to organized government,
will be reached on July 29th, when
it Is expected that those Russians
who have been ordered to be deported will leave Canada's shores
for Soviet Russia on the Empress
of Russia, which will sail on that
date for the east.
It will be remembered that at
the time of the arrests, and for a
time afterwards, that the local
press was filled with lurid stories
of the bomb outrages that were being planned by the men now awaiting deportation. Flaring headlines
greeted the readers of the dally
papers aa to the Intentions of
these men to raid the local banks
ond generally carry on war against
organized society. Hundreds of
bombs were supposed to have been
discovered, and "evidence" along
these lines was given by the late
Sergeant Wilson of the mounted
police, who was later hanged in
Saskatchewan for wife murder.
This same Sergeant Wilson, according to his own statements,
joined an holdup gang tn order
to secure "evidence," the particular holdup with which one of them
was charged, was the holdup of a
cobbler on the oorner of Richards
nnd Robson streets, but so far as
can be seen the whole thing was .
a fake.
Also Gave "Evidence"
The other police agents that
gave evidence against the Russians
were Roth and Dourasoff, who
were later charged with perjury,
and atter a preliminary hearing
before Magistrate Shaw were committed for trial, the trial took
place before Justice Cayley in
the county court, the accused
electing to take speedy trials, although the attorney-general could
have, If he had seen flt, compelled them to take trial bofore a jury,
and as the case was of such moment, this course would have been
much more satisfactory, as a large
number of people were not satis-
fled  with the result of the trial.
After the order for deportation
had been made, the minister ol *
Immigration, under whose department the cases were conducted,
was appealed tn In an effort to
(Continued on page 8)
Cable to Seamen's Union
in Australia Urging
Drastic Action.       !
The Campaigners of the Great
War of Vancouver have taken up
the case of the Australian seamen,
who were denied admission to this
country on their arrival here on
the Canadian Importer, when, according to the terms of their agree-
ment they should hove been paid
off at the home port, which Is Van.
couver
Last Week Mr. R. H. Young,
secretary of the Campaigners, sent
the following wire to Hon. J. A.-
Calder, minister of immigration:
Hon. J. A. Colder, .Minister of immigration, Ottawa.
Five ex-service British subjects
have been refused ail mission to B.
C. by authorities here ut their
homo port, Vancouver, this is unconstitutional. Thirty-five hundred Campaigners desire thut while
aliens are admitted you cancel order against British seamen.
R. H, YOUNG.
Secretury    Campaigners    of    thO
Great War
Having had no reply to^ his wire
on Wednesday morning, Mr. Young
sent the following cable to the secretary of the Seamen's Union at
Sydney, New South Wales:
Secretary Seamen's Union,
Sydney, N. S. W.
Five ex-service British seamen
from Canadian Importer refused
admission here, whlls} Chinese,
Japanese and Germnns come and
go. Campaigners, strongest organization in Vancouver, advise
that you refuse to handle these
scab ships. Please advise other unions In Auslrnlla nnd New Zealand,
R. H. YOUNG,
Secretary, Campaigners.   |
Lumber workers of Cranbrook
district are not backing the Labor
News published by N. V{. KlngR-
land  of Cranbrook) U. C.
MRS. FORREST PASSES OUT
Members of the Socialist Party
of Canada, and active workers In
thc working class, will regret to
hear of the death of Mary Forrest, wife of Comrade David Forrest, nn old time member of the
S. P. of C. The deceased was bora
in Dumfries, Scotland, 48 yeant
ago. During the past two ycarfl
she was very 111, add an attack of
the flu wos too much for her impaired health, She will be burled
at Mountain View Cemetery at
10:30 a.m. today, Friday. Much
sympathy will be felt for her husband aud children.
-m twelfth yeab, wo. io     I'MJi BK1T1SH COLUMBIA i«;:      « ATlONflSl"      vancouvea, a a.
Saturday Only
A Great Suit Bargain
To readers of The "Fed" we make an Extra Special
offering for Saturday only
Your choice of 59 of our finest pure wool West of England
Navy Blue Serge Suits—regular $60.00 and $65.00
qualities—in all sizes, 34 to H. A* A A AA
Saturday only     «p44.UU
Arnold & Quigley
646   ORANVILLE   STREET
SLATER'S
QUALITY   -SERVICE      FREE DELIVERY
FBESB MEAT DEPARTMENT
We hsve just received a special
consignment of (he famous Can-'
terbttry Lamb, which we will put
on iaJe on Friday and Saturday at
greatly reduced prices.
Canterbury Lamb Stew, lb. . 22c
Canterbury       Lamb       Shoulders,
■ ib- -■■ ac/ifl
Canterbury    Lamb    Loins,     per
m lb 29 ue
Canterbury     Lam     Legs,     per
lb - SSe
PROVISION DEPARTMENT
Extra Special
Slater's Famous Plcnls Hams, reg. SSe
lb. Friday     and     Saturday,
pc? lb ?.„ 29>/aC
From 8 a.m. to 2" p.io,"
"Steer Pot Roasts, from ib	
fiteer Oven Roasts, from, lb	
Steer Rolled Roasts, lb	
Steer Stew Beef, from, lb *.,
Finest Roast Beef Dripping, 3
lbs. for „ „
 19e
—.200
SLICED BAOON DEPT.
Slater'a   Famous   Sliced   Streaky
Bacon,   lb  $_e
Slater's   Finest   Streaky    Bacon,
lb _ eoc
Slater's  Famous Ayrshire Backs,'
m Ib ■ 46o
Slater a  Famous Rollod Ayrshire,
lb -.- :56C
rOSK  SHOULDERS
FOS
BOASTIHa
No. 1  Pork   Shoulder..
from 5  to  S lbs.   Reg.
380   lb.,
Friday ond Saturday, lb.
....SOVie
Whole or Half.
Finest Pure Lard, 8 >s. for -.11.00
Finest Compound Lard, 3 lbs 96c
Alborta Fresh Eggs, dozen 65c
\ 0. Fresh Eggs, dozen .....—.—fl 6c
SLICED BAOON SPECIAL
From 8 a.m. lo 11 a.m. we will sell
Slater i    Famous    Sugar    Cured
Streaky    Bacon,    reg.    SSo    lb.
Saturday Special, lb  50c
T-Bone Steaks, lb. _. ™..„46e
Sirloin Steaks, lb. .... _..._ 45c
Shoulder Steak, lb  SSe
Top Round Steaks, lb ~...._ 40c
Silver Sideboard Steaks, lb. ..........35c
Loin Lamb Chops, lb » 40c
Shoulder Lamb Chops, lb ....35c
GROCER* DEPARTMENT
Wagstaffe't     Pineapple     Marmalade,
jar
Wagst site's
jar
Singer
Quaker Pork and Boons,"
Finest Sardlnos, 3 for ..
 .60c
Marmalado,
 600
3 for. 26c
PICNIC SUPPLIES
Cooked Corn  Beef,   lb 60c
Cooked Jellied Tongue,  ib 65c
Cooked   Luncheon   Ham,   lb 45c
Cooked Ye/sl Loaf, Ib. .'. 35c
Head Cheese, per bowl v 20c
BDTTERI BDTTERI B0TTEBI
We Boll on Satdrdoy morning
from 8 a.m. to 11 a.m., our Famous Alberta Creamery, -reg. 68c
lb.   Saturday, lb ,.01c
THREE BIO STORES
123 Hustings E.       Pbone Sey. 3232
830 Granville Si       Pbone Sey. 868
3260 Main St. Pbone Fair. 1683
Nabob Jelly Powders, 2 for  28c
Finest Potted Beef, 3 for ." 26e
Sunmaid Seedless Raisins  - 25c
Slater's Famous Tea, lb 45c
-Ridgway's  Tea,   1-2 lb  40c
Lyls's   Golden  Syrup,   4-lb.   tin....82c
FRIDAY..- -..July tt, 1
Idle Thoughts on an      li
Ill-Mannered Question
(By Jerome K. Jerome ln Common Sense.)*
"Mind your own business." Thus
Mr. Lloyd George indignantly to a
British citizen who asks him a
pertinent question concerning the
war with Russia. There were reasons that Mr. Lloyd George might
legitimately have urged to excuse
himself for passing on his way, Mr.
George might have pointed out that
an English churchyard Is not a
convenient place for political discussion. He might have explained
that he was on his way to a wedding, and really hadn't time to do
the subject justice. He might, ae
a busy politician have pleaded for
a morning off. But. he would hare
admitted the right of the mere
man from the workshop to havo
a voice ln the shaping of the country's foreign policy. The reply that
instinctively leapt to the Ups of
tho   astonished   Mr.   George  was:
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
mwm
PUTTING
IT OFF
ii  a  habit   and   when
 H    people get into a rut they
dig a small sized grave.
There is no roason why you should put off dental
treatment until the dampness of Winter brings its
toll of pain and expense. Come to me today. Surely
yon have the little required—enough to pay my low
fee.
Oood Dentistry—Low Prices
Dr. Brett Anderson
Orown and Bridge Specialist     \
602 HASTINGS ST. W. Oor. Seymonr
Office Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
SEYMOUR 3331
__w___mk\mmmmm\\\\\na\mmmaM
man's "own business," one gathers,
was that of a motor-engineer. But
he seems to have been sincerely
under the Impression that the mat-
tor of England making war upon
Russia—and upon other countries
somo twenty or thirty of them according to Sir Henry Wilson—waa
also his own business. Looking up
into the faces of the amused magistrates he confessed that he "felt
strongly on the subject." For all
one knows he may havo been reading Mr. A. G. Gardiner's recent
article In the Daily -3$wb, giving
an account of his travels In Germany. The title of Mr. Gardiner's
article was "A Motorlcss Germany." It greatly surprised Mr.
Gardiner, travelling through Germany In a motor, kindly lent him
by the British general staff, that
he met no German motors. On one
main road he journeyed for a hundred and sixty miles and met not
a. single motor. German horses
had become so unfamiliar with
motors that they reared and plunged at the unaccustomed sight.
Children swarmed the road to see
the strange thing pass. Peasants
pausing from their work rubbed
their eyes and asked themselves If
they were dreaming of old tthies.
In Berlin and Hamburg some few|
dozen motorcaba still ply for hire.
Por the rest, Germany has returned to the horse.
One imagines some German
statesman seven years ago—per
haps also on his way to a wedding
—being accosted In like manner
by some troublesome German
motor engineer of the period, ask
Ing "quite respectfully" from his
place among the crowd some awkward question about a war, rumors of which had penetrated to
his workshop. The point la" -interesting only by reason ofitM literary significance, but thp/ \ war
that was agitating the ralnfl of
this German motor englneer.fpf.my
imagination was In all probability
a war against Russia. "Why^are
we going to war against J\pp?Ia?
Can't it be avoided?" may have
been the -question quite respectfully asked of that amazed German statesman," wondering It .next
the very street dogs wdUid hot
rise on their hind legs to bark
their questions at htm. One
imagines the flash of indignant
contempt, worthy of Mr,\Qeorge
himself, with which he must have
turned upon the man. One hears
still echoing across the bloodstained years that answer: "Mind
your own business." One Imagines
tlie Jfeering of the crowd, as that
crest-fallen German motor engineer crept back to his shop, perhaps not altogether satisfied with
Black & White Hat Store
Hats! Hats! Hats!
Soft Hats
Stiff Hats
Tweed Hats
ALL THE LATEST
STYLES
$5.00 j	
No luxury tax on these.
Caps
$2.00, $2.50, $3.00,
$3.50, $4.50
100 HASTINOS STRSET WEST
- Oorner Abbott and Hastings
Mind  your  own  business."   The I tlie answer he had received.   Per.
----- -        • ■■ haps ho, too, was haled before a
bench  of amused German magistrates,   charged   with   creating   a
disturbance.    It  is very sad  that
there are people tn this world ro
Ill-mannered as to create disturbances.      The     fine    black-cOated
gentlemen who rule our destinies,
do  they  ever  make  disturbances
in Europe?    Why, cannot our ill-
mannered   motor   engineers i take
example by our statesmen and so
avoid all word or action likely to
cause a breach of the peace?    One
Imagines   that   bench   of, gentlemanly  Germaiv magistrates,   perhaps more In f/orrowthan ln anger, reproving that motor engineer
for his disturbing ^conduct; advising him for his own good to "mind
his own business."    One sees him
—continue and with    a    humble
heart,  let  us hope—returning  to
his lathe, deciding for the, future
to   leave   high, politics   to. those
whom  God  in  his   wisdom.   And
mercy has appointed to superintend these matters, and for the future, so far as he himself Is .concerned,  to mind  his motor, engineering,   I  understand   from   my
spiritualistic friends   that. bayond
the grove the motto Is "Business
(and   pleasure)   as   usual."  ....So,
perhaps, In some spiritual garage
in some corner of ^spiritual.Germany (presuming there Is to be a
■spiritual existence likewise even
for Huns) our motor engineer; may
be minding his own spiritual .business. But so far as this world .Is
concerned, and If he has fy^d.yie
Ill-luck not to have escape^ j^fjm
It, I take it there is no bpspaess i
left for him. That garage'..sta-nd;
silent, antt huddled into thp irijQn
behind it sits that'Gcr.ninn .lnnin:
engineer face to face wlLli'.^nls
starving wife and JsHildken.'.*_-*-
"Mind your own business^ nam
mon people. What have -Vfou,to
do with war and peace^ wiipt'ls
tt to you whether England^Jpinlfes
war against Russia or nMr-
against Persia, against nn\Man.
If the I.loyd Georges and th'£
ston Churchflls so decree
cording to General Gough. t..c.
to which we have committefl ourselves in Asia measures four'tnnu-
sand miles. What business9 ?s^ It
of yours to nsk questions'1 'aftout
the right or wrong of It, to demand of what use tt Is to you and
yours when the blood of youV children shall be called upon to defend tt? Mind your own business,
and leave tho oil-magnates . to
mind theirs. When yoh ure wanted—when your king and country
need you, you will be told. Meanwhile your "business"' Is to pay
three and sixpence a gallon ;for
petrol.* It used to be ntnepence in
the days when your brfys were
alive.
Workshop Committees and
The Shop Steward Movement
FROM the murky industrial
depts of a grimy fist breaks
hrough the ballroom floor.
It Is the threat of the masses
backed by toil-hardened muscles
and directed by brains developed
In the modern machine process.
It Is the rising workshop movement.
The social dancers recoil with
fear. Then to shut the scene from
mind they dance more madly than
before.- But it is the dance ot
death. The useless must go.
the useful are to remain.
Only
E
FORM OF GOV'T
Australians   Would   Do
Away With Decentral-
* ized Power
At the present time there Is one
Federal Parliament In Australia,
consisting of a House of Representatives and Senate, in addition to
six State Parliaments of two houses
each. There is the Governor-Gen
eral for the Commonwealth, dnd
six State governors for the six respective States. The personnel of
the six State Parliaments and* the
Federal Commonwealth Parliament
makes *up nearly 600 parliamentarians, all of whom are paid high
salaries. ^
The Australian Labor Party has
on foot a scheme for doing away
wtth this elaborate form of government. Aiming at tho better development of AustraUa, efficiency In
legislation and definite determination for the guidance of Australian
citizenship, the Labor Party, proposes to abolish the present form of
State government and to invest the
Federal Government with full sov-
erign powers and thus make Its
enactments complete and supreme.
The Labor Party proposes to
creats 31 provinces In the place of
the six present States In Australia,
so tho principle of Interests would
be conserved, tn each of theso provinces a provincial legislature would
be given by the Commonwealth
Parliament a uniform written constitution, giving It powers to legislate on matters of domestic concern, whore such will 'not conflict
with Commonwealth concerns. It
is intended tbat tho Commonwealth
shall also givo a written constitution for municipal governments
within the provinces. It ls proposed that these ^provinces ahall be
governed by from 10 to 16 members
in provinces of fewer than 100,000
nf a population, and 15 to 20 members to provinces of 100,000 to
200,000. The total number of provincial JegisHttors would not exceed
400 whereas there are 575 members
in the existing State parliaments.
It Is proposed to abolish.the Senate
and increase the number of members In the Houso of Representatives to 100. It will mean efficiency
In governmont upon national questions, while thero wilt be a decentralisation of such powers as are
necessary to comply with the wants
and requirements of communities of
interest, while thero will be economy In the actual number of legislators. The population of Australia
at the present time ls largely confined to the coast line of the continent centreing mostly In the cities,
A form of government as proposed
would assist In the deyelotfment of
Australia and Its natural resources,
ultimately giving tho country the
protection of an added population,
and a form *of governmont free
from the complications that exist
oday with a Commonwealth .Parliament and six separate State Parliaments.
i thrah.
0  _J3fc
h. ttfe^tlu
Taeoma. —» "The hamnnired-
dowri, sawed-off, knock-kneed,
bowlegged, wall-eyed, lantern-
jawed I.W.W. or Socialist agitator
Is too rotten for hell," "Rov."
Billy Sunday, sensational evangelist, told a crowd of 15,000 In the
Stadium here as ho waved his
arms while standing on the speakers' table,
Patronize Federattpnlst advertisers and tell them why you do so.-
Beneath the surface a menace
to the masters has long been gathering. Above lt the world of labor
has moved along with apparently
no sign of change from the ordinary, routine. Suddenly, like a
flash from a clear sky, comes forth
the new action and a new vocabulary to describe it So it was when
Direct Action winged Its way
across the economic world. So It
was with the general strike. So
also, with Soviet idea. So It is
with the shop'steward system,    .
Conceived from the bitterness of
past botrnyals and defeat, born of
the brutal necessities of the present, the workshop movement
reaches Into the future to hold for
Labor the most democratic of alt
ideas—Industrial self-government.
The shop steward system ts not
an attempt to Impose a theory upon the Labor movement. It Is
rooted firmly ln conditions existing In large-scale Industry. Having only a nominal existence prior
to the European war, it has since
thrived wherever* dilution of skilled labor has occurred by the introduction of unskilled or semiskilled workers. ' Machinery made
It possible. The subdivision of the
productive process and the disappearance pushed it forward. It
Is here in response to a need for
definite economic expression on
the part of men forced together
In cleftrty defined groups by the
requirements of thetr part of production.
In the workshop movement is
found both the spirit of revolt and
the spirit of conquest. It Is as
much a revolution against th» reactionary and despotio machine
rule of the "recognized heads" of
the unlomf as It Is against„ the
workings of the wage Astern Itself. For that reason lt disturbs
the placid minds of the per capita
absorbers who look upon the
unions as their private property
anil, the labor power of the work
ers as goods to be sold under con
tract, and strikes a blow at the
serenity of the autocrats who hold
legal titles to the Industries and
ore possessed* with a naive belief
that they -are ruIerS by divine
right.,
• The workshop affords a natural
unit which is a direct stimulus to
self-assertion. • Organization on
the .basis of the shop or Job
group gives the workers strength
and ability to manage their own
nffairs and to carry out the will
of tho majority in a more democratic manner than Is possible by
delegating power to any set of
men who are divorced from the
productive process. The future of
labor does not depend upon national leaders, but upon local and
workshop leaders, the Intelligent
minority among the rank and file.
To all Intents' and purposes the
officials of the international unions
are members of the capitalist
class. In a lesser degree, but with
the same burgeots aspirations, the:
district and state officials are sepa- j
rated from 'the rank and flle by a
social chasm. Even the higher officials of the local movements are
not Immune. This Is due as much
to the   faulty   structure    of   the
unions as to the personal fallings
of the officials.
The union , official Is removed
from the atmosphere of workshop
life. He fs enmeshed with the red
tape routine of ofllce work. He
becomes an efficient clerk, with all
the timidity and respectability that
is the hall-mark of the clerk. His
fighting powers are weakened, and
the changfe of environment continues to weaken him still further as times goes on. He rarely
goes back to the bench. In place
of returning to the workshop at
the end of a term tn office he goes
forward as far as he can go officially in the labor movement and
graduates either as a politician or
a member of the lower middle
class. The salvation of Labor does
not He In the direction taken by
the professional officials.
Amid his office surroundings the*
tumult of the Industrial battlefield seems a .trifle distant and unreal to the union official. Ho de
plores any aggressive attitude on
the part of tho workers toward
the employers. Diplomacy—secret
diplomacy;—becomes his stock in
trade. He mingles with other of*
flcials who form an Intermediary
class between' the workers and
their employers. Neutrality soon
becomes an obesslon with him.
As a consumer who does not produce he judges disputes by their
effect on prices. The next step
ls to adopt the "public" point of
view and to tell the members that
their Interests are subordinate to
the Interests of the "community."
Attaining a position of comparative security and comfort under Capitalism, the union official
acquires a middle class morality
and with all the cowardice of that
class he oltngs pathetically to his
job rather than to run the slightest risk In leading the workers In
their struggles. He becomvs a
reactionary. In times of crises he
Is more capitalist in outlook then
the capitalists themselves. A
labor movement so constructed
that It removes from a working
class environment those whom It
chooses as leaders, and so managed that Its destinies are placed
in the hands of men entirely out
of touch with production, ls
actually raising barriers to the
emancipation of the workers.
This state of things can be
remedied by organizing on the
basts of the workshop, the small
est socially productive unit of Industrial life, thereby making the
organization responsible and'
sponslve to the rank and flle. The
movement must proceed from the
bottom upward. Its credentials
must como from Labor direct.
When the rank and file of all
trades and occupations get to.
gether a cluss outlook is created.
Industrial solidarity is generated.
The official organizations must respond to this upward thrust to the
left or make way for the unofficial
organization of shop stewards and
shop committees.—Tho Worker.
It Doesn't Cost
You Any More
to get something "really good" at Famous
• i
We are clearing off a number of Suits, Coats and Dresses
left over from our last sale. They are late Summer styles
that will delight you. All are priced below the oost of
making and should get an early clearance on Saturday
Morning. We open at 9 a. a*
From Maker to Wearei
Tlio Home of Authentic Styls
623
HASTINGS ST. W.
Near CtauivUlt
sorvice than a dozen leagues of
nations can have done, because
they will refuse to take a single
man overseas to flght.
If the seamen of other countries will take the same action as
the Australian seamen have tak
en In regard to future wars, it
may be that the Jingo war-makers
won't be so fond on making war
In the future, knowing that they
can no longer rely on the seamen
as willing tools to carry human
freight overseas to make a butch--
ers' holiday.
fHOATIOMST
Editor B. C. FederationiBt: In
the Issifc of the Fed., dated June
18, M. H. Allman, of Alberni,
makes some statements and asks
certain questions concerning■ the
O.B.U. and the I.W.W., and their
relationship. Mr.'. Allman thinks
that tlie money of Canadian workers can be spent to better advantage than by' sending O.B.U. organizers across the line, seeing
that the workers of the > United
Statea have an Industrial organization in the I.W.W. He suggests a getting together to form an
understanding.
I think Mr. Allman's point well
taken, and that two organizations
so similar In form and object
should amalgamate or at least be
cousins. Of the questions submitted to you, Mr. Editor (if you'll
excuse my gnll In Hutting ln), taking the second one; "Do the O.B.U.
membors th>nk thot they are fooling the boss?" I'd like to say that
if tiie O.B.U. fellows do think so
they'd bo wise to think again.
Anont the third quostion: "What
do you mean by I.W.W. tactics?"
I'm glad this question Is ask*tf,
and will bo keen to get the' ith-
swer. The last question asked:
"Was there ever a case of sabotage proved against the I.W:W3?"
Is Interesting. If no such 'Cfcfee
has been proved then either 'the
I.W.W. Is an overrated affair of
wind, or the enemy hadn't.-/'(.fee
goods" on them. Anyhow, I'm
with Allman for a love feast—the
O.B.U. with  the  I.W.W.      .».,!,
Whilst I'm about It I'd llkaxto
ask a question that has often -HM.-
curred to me lately, viz., wh$V$o
you mean by "anarohy?" Do you
wish td belittle or slam the* Anarchist by group or IndlvMttHil?
If the anarchist is my enomy, ,/fjjfln
to class him as such. Surely tney
(thc anarchists) are human and
are looking and working for a better arranged world to live In. Aro
they not believers ln a One Btg
Union of Workers and the Communistic state?
WM.   19.   LANSDELL.
Box 328,  Elk Lake,  Ont.
July 8, 1920.
Editorial Note.—This letter will
be attended to next week.
Seamen's Striko
Editor B. C, Federatlonist:
In reply to Bro. Sam Anderson's
letter In issue of the 16th Inst., wo
extend an apology by the wrong
whicb has been done to the brother
In having hts name appear in error as worked  during the re^nt
seamen's strike, unfortunately
caused by the organizer, F.
Stephens giving me his name,
which was no fault of mine, otherwiso I would take the blame myself, but nevertheless tt falls to
me, anyhow.
In regard to the brother having
a withdrawal cacd Is a fact be
yond doubt, but I have known of
cases, although rare, of members
sailing with withdrawal cards to
evade payment of due>.
I hav*) personally seen Bro. Anderson, and told htm the true facts
of the case, wliich I sincerely hope
will nover occur, to any member
of our organization again
B. TOWNSEND,    *
Business Agent.
Sailors'  Union,
Vancouver, B. C, July 19, 1920.
The Farmers* Position
Editor Ti. C. Federatlonist:
I read with much Interest your
editorial ln July 2 issue: 'The
Farmer and the Coming Change.
I think you are mistaken ln saying, "the farmer In his different
circumstances cannot seo the
situation as does the Industrial
worker." In my opinion, we farmers have a broader understanding
of the present order of things
than have the Industrials, but we
are held In chieok by artificial
pride and fear on the one hand,
and by the hostile spirit of the
Industrial worker on tho other.
Besides the ordinary troubles
which alt .workers are heir to we
are subjected to a taxation the
industrial class know nothing of,
and tn addition .we carry a burden
of superficial pride which bears
fyeavy upon our oycrburdened
backs, but we are hurt by this
frown of the masters on the one
hand, by the hostility of the
"workers on the other. And so we
are drivon on. Stimulated by
false press, false hopes and fear.
We may look across a gulf of
apathy and view our fellow-
workers—those of the docks and
the factory, of the forests and the
mines. Wo may realize the colossal strength of unity as the power
to accelerate emancipation, but
there Is no bridge of confidence, or
beckoning hand to welcome us.
We hoar the voice of tho capitalist
crihjurlng up visions of debauchery, and so In fear we turn again
to servitude olay ln the hands of
the parasites, voluntary victims of
the professional politician
WU.MAM LAW
Retaliate by Refusing to
Take Part in Future
Wars.
When the war broke out, the
Australian seamen, fn common
with those of other countries took
up their part ln fighting the battles of the International capitalists,
Many of them, who, of course,
ought to huve known better, went
to the conflict as aoldiers, and
others accepted all the risks attending t their calling as seamen
carrying' troops and munitions to
the seat of war. The seamen, it
can be said, always took greater
risks than the soldiers, for while
the latter had a fighting chance
on land, the seamen had vory little on the sea, from submarines,
mines, etc.
Although It has been said over
and over again that without the
mercantile marine the war could
never have been won, it seems that
the seamen's work ts forgottn by
the people in,whose Interests they
accepted all the risks and sacri
flced their lives. There are in
Australia, as in other countries,
people who think so little of what
the seamen have done that they
refuse even to hear a deputation
from the seamen In order that the
tatter may put their case as to
why they should recotve a war'
gratuity, In common with the sol
diers.
Recently- the executive council
of the Seamen's Union of Australia
approached the Australian government and n.skctl that they be paid
a war gratuity, as some recompense for their sacrifices during
tho war. The minister for the
nnvy pot only refuspd to entertain the Idea of a gratuity, but
would not dream of even hearing
with the deputation had to say on
the matter.
Well, the Australian seamen
have not taken the decision of the
Australian government quietly.
Thoy have passed a resolution that
seeing the Australian * government
does not think flt to 'consider their
claims they do not think flt to
take part In any future wars, and
that any seamen at present In
naval and military service In Australia ls giving ln hts notice of
resignation from such organizations. The seamen are making ft
plain that If the members of the
Australian- government do not
think the seamen are worth rewarding, theft they can have the
privilege of thinking (and knowing) that the seamen are not going to be made tools of ln any future war, and that tf ln the future
Billy Hughes or any other Jingo
wants war, they can get their own
sons and relatives to man the
ships for them, and carry the soldiers oversea to fight, Perhaps
when their own kid-gloved sons
have been exposed to some of the
dangers of submarines, etc., they
will got a bottor appreciation of
tho worth of the seamen and the
justice of thetr claims.
The seamen the world over have
only to realize that without their
consent no international war can
take place, and where they make
up their minds on this point they
will have done the world a greater
Moscow.—At a conference of
kindergarten workers here for,
which there had assembled fifty-
three delegates from thirty-four
Russian provinces, It was learned
from a report made to the conference, that there were In the Soviet republic on January 1, 1913,
1799 kindergartens, which were at.
tended by 90,960 children altogether. On January 1, 1920, the
number of kindergartens was 9,-
623, with 11,234 workers, and
204,913 children In attendance.
The work In the establishment of
rest homes at Petrograd is rapidly
advancing. Fifteen rest homes are
already ln operation, providing accommodations for about 1,000
workers. The opening ceremonies
will soon be held.
KIRK'S
Guaranteed Coal
If our coal is not satis,
factory to you, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
ooal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
used.
Tou to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phones Seymoar 1441 and *65
' The A. F. of L. passed a resolution against Russia because Russia
compels people to work. In America the man chases the job—In Russia the job chases the man, Tako
your choice.
YOU OAN GET
Groceries for Less
If Yoh Shop tho Marketer!*
Way. Here's a few
Examples:
Tapioca, fine quality, IK ..10o
Rice No. 1 Japan,
2 lbs. for 35c
Rolled Ooats, Robin
Hood, 6-Ib. sacks  47c
Kellpgg's Corn Flakes,
special, per pkt ioo
Fruit Jars for Preserving
j, A new shipment just ln—
now's the time to buy.
Atlas Eze-Seal, Pints,
per doz 91.35
Atlas Eze-Seal—Qts.
per doz , $1.65
Atlas Eze-Seal—
1-2 Gal., per doz  $1.00
Paelfle and Maple Leaf
Milk, 2 large cans for 25c
Eagle Condensed MUk,
per can ..25c
Reindeer Condensed
MUk, per can 23c
Fry's Cocoa, 1-2 lb. tins....38c
Malt Vinegar, per bottle....10c
Potted Meats, assorted
flavors, 3 tins  25c
Braid's Ideal Tea,
special, per pkg 50c
Coffee, fresh roasted
and ground, per lb 55c
Butter, the finest new
grass creamery, 3 lbs $1.85
Cheese, fine Ontario,
special, per lb '. SSo
Eggs—Local New Laid
Eggs, guaranteed, doz 60c
Campers anil Country Res
idents
Out-of-town
customers
supplied    at   lowest   city
prices.    Every
order re-#
colves   prompt
attention."
AU   goods   are
carefully
packed       and
.   shipped
promptly.
S. T. WALLACE
MARKETARIA
VTho Home of Quality
Groceries ,
118 HASTINGS ST. W,
Seymour 1260
OLELAND-DIBBLE   EN0BA7-
DHJ COMPANY
ZdmlltO
PHOTO  ENOBAVBR3
COMMEBOIAL ABTOTS
Pliou. Seymour 716B
TbiiJ  Floor,  World  Balldinf,  Vw
conrer, B. O..
Greatest Stock ol  .
Furniture
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
HastingsFoniitaeCaUiL
«1 Butlifi ItrtM WM
BE IUBE YOU OET
VAN BROS.
wffijr rov a>s rem,
-CIDER-
ul Roa-ilcohollo wine, of to
kind,
ANION   MEN'S   ATTENTION
Labor Power Regenerated
—^at the—
MODEL CAFE
Meals of the Best—Prices
Bight
P. Gibb
57 Cordova St. W.
Near the Loggers' Hall
All Royal Crown Product*
carry Coupons, redeemable
—I for useful artkles.!
SPORTSMEN! - ATHLETES!
THer/youraeP,ve"Sg ^ """« "»'«« to get out door, and
Thntl-V ^lrTytoJ!S°l.'i' 0t Imai! Wa'">» or a baseball en-
th  &7.look nf'*. V"1" care ot >'our <"">" ****■■ We hav.
'   TISDALLS LIMITED
lie at all stands
Westminster Brewery Oo. IHIS PAOB IS PAID roa BT, TBS
LDHBEB ABD OAMP WOBKEBS
OP THB 0. B. V.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
THIS FAOB IS DBVOTBD TO 1
BSTS OT THB LOHBEB AHB OAMf
WOBKEBS OBIT OT tt— 0A».
TWELFTH YEAR.   No.
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MbRNING, JULY 23, 1920
Lumber and Gamp Workers
—Industrial Unit News=
GENERAL CONVENTION
THE delegates convened at the
headquarters,    Vancouver,   at
10 a.m. on Monday, July 19.
J. M. Clarke temporary chairman.
The credential committee retorted 72 delegates properly credentials, representing the coast
district — Cranbrook, Edmonton,
Fort Frances, Kamloops, Merritt,
Prince George, Prince Bupert,
Sudbury, Winnipeg, and the exer
nitlve.
Skeleton committees were elect-
ad on past management and future policy, constitution, resolutions, arrangements and grievances. All delegates had tho right
lo attach themselves to gpy committee they wished. The meeting
adjourned to go into the committee work.
The oonvention proper met in
lbe O.B.1J. hall, Pender street, on
Tuesday morning, J. M. Clarke
elected chairman.
It has previously been decided
that any. member 0* the L. & C.W.
I.U. should have the right of a
voice in the proceedings, but only
delegates to vote.
The arrangements and grievance committee recommended that
J. Harrington should be invited to
address a meeting of delegates and
visitors on Wednesday night; also
that the convention should deal
with a resolution charging the
general secretary-treasurer with
using his Influence to change the
convention from Winnipeg to Vancouver. A lengthy discussion took
place during which copies of letters were read sent by the secretary to general executive members
and district offices on this matter.
Members of the general executive
Stated that It was on their instruction that the letter was sent
to district offices. The convention
passed a motion endorsing the action taken In making the change.
The past management and future policy committee reported
♦hat they concurred In the report
of the general executive committee and In doing so endorsed the
recommendations embodied therein.
BEPORT OF THE CENTRAL
EXECUTIVE
Immediately following the gen-
•ral convention of January, a referendum was Issued upon the various questions passed by the delegates. In the meantime, at an executive meeting, it decided to give
Immediate effect to the fullest extent possible, to the instructfon of
the convention that "the most energetic action be taken to spread
the organisation as widely and
strongly as possible." Consequently, Fellow Workers Anderson,
Balrd, O. A. Clark, Cowan, Hanson,
Keane, Labell, Lamont, McKnlght
were sent east, using Sudbury as
the centre. (F. W. Mawhlnnie and
Mellows were already there). Fellow Worker Cowan took charge of
Sudbury offlce in place of Mellows
who resigned, and when the Sudbury' district convention was held
In April, he was unanimously elected district secretary. A district office was opened up at Cobalt with
H. W. McKnlght In charge. Later,
this being mainly a mining centre,
the miners took over the offlee and
•n March nth, sent McKnlght to
mmmlns where he opened up another district olllce, which operated as a combined miners and lumberworkers' unit until at the district convention held In Juno, the
miners who are In an overwhelming majority, took fulll control of
the activities. An offlce for that
■eetlon of Ontario was then opened up at Cochrane which Is a
large lumbering centre employing
probably 10,000 workers In this in-
Jlistry.
Fellow Worker McKnlght left
Timmins offlce on April 16th and
went to Sudbury dlstriot taking ln
the river drives for the purpose of
spreading propaganda among the
drivers, ln favor of an clght-hpur
day. In May he went to Montreal
In connection with the organization work and on June 4th, he left
snd returned west.
Fellow Worker Hansen (with
Balrd and Clark) was flrst sent to
Cobalt, and then to North Bay and
Cochrane, and on February 25,
upon repeated requests ot Fort
Frances district, he worked there
until sickness In his family compelled his return west on Maroh
10th.
Keane covered Cobalt, Tlmmlns,
He., and then to New BrunBwlck
snd Nova Scotia, where some of
the severest weather that has been
experienced for many years was
met with, which made lt Impossible
to take In the camps, this made
effective organising Impossible before the river drivers opened up,
DISTRICT DIRECTORY
Ges.nl Hit .qcuUn:
Vincout.r, B. O.s E. Wlncb, 01 Cordovs Stmt Weil
Cnnbrook, B. 0.; 3. H. Thompson,
Box 11.
Cranbrook    Dlstriot—Legs!     so-
viler:   Oeorge Sprenll.
KsmloopB, B. O; 3. t. Petersen, Box
013, 9 Vlctoris Street.
•writ. B. 0.; W. S. Hilner, Box t.
Beuon, B. C;  B.  Burrow,  Oeneral
Mirny.
Heetlnm am bold in tko O. B. U.
Hall, llakor Stroet, Nelson, on tho
flrat and third  Sunday of each
month ht 8 p.m.
Prinoe Oeerge, B. O.i O. P. Morrison,
Drawer 80.
Prince Rnpert, B. O.i 3. H. Bmrongh,
Bn US.
Vancouver, B. O; J. M. Clarke, 61
Geidova Street Weat.
Victoria, B. O;  B. Watorion, 1424
Oovernment Street.
Edmonton,  Alta,!   O.  Berg.   10333—
101st Street Eaat,
Prines Albert, Sask.: Oeo. Tether, 101
—lth Straet Eaat
Winning. Man.; Lumborworkera' Union, 106 Henry Avenne.
Cochrane, Ont.; E. Crandoll, Oeneral
Delivery.
Port Prancla   Ont.; S.
3(0, Webtter Hall.
Neil, Box
Bndbnry, Ont.; WS Cowan, Box 1831,
Lisgar Street.
Montreal; V. Btaltte, 00 St. Lanrent
Strwt
and Kane deemed It cheaper and
In the Interests ot the organization
that he return west Instead of waiting for ihe opening up of the drives.
He returned west March 1st.
Lamont and Clark took in Sudbury, Cobalt and Parry Sound, Mat-
tagaml, St. John, Montreal and finally decided that owing to the
handicap of the majority ot the
workers being French-speaking,
that it was mainly essential that
organizers able to use that language be employed. They, therefore,
decided to return west on April 1.
It was Intended to use Balrd ln
the office but the call for such services was not so great as anticipated, and his Inability to apeak
French limiting his value on the
road, A Was deemed better that he
return west, which he did on February 16th, •
Labell, with Organized ifcw-
hlnnle, who had been doing good
work ih the east since November,
worked mainly In tho Sudbury district and doing exceedingly good
good, particularly amongst the
the French Canadians. In-April
they went to Montreal and opened
a district offlce. Having had six
months of active organizing
amongst eastorn camps, Mawhlnnie resigned and came west. Labell also found It necessary for
personal reasons to take a* few
months' rest from the work. He,
therefore, resigned and came west
In May.
To give some idea of the pliyscol*
ogy of the eastorn worker, and of
his conditions, we quote an experience ln one camp of 75 men, ot
whom only two would Join up, as
the others stated It might be necessary for them to strike, to get
better conditions, which would
mean they might lose their jobs
which they considered were not
too bad, seeing they only worked
twelve hours a day and received
13.60 for It.
Anderson worked ln the Sudbury
district until February 2nd, when
he went to Port Arthur ap temporary secretary. On April 20th he
left for Winnipeg, calling at Fort
Frances en route. At Winnipeg he
opened a district office and has
done good work, having at present
250 members. As a result of their
experiences, all who have come ln
contact with the east are of the
opinion taht there ls a practically
unlimited field for organization.
Not only In the large number of
men employed ln the lumbering
district, but particularly owing to
the damnable living and working
conditions that exist, but it will
be a long, hard and expensive undertaking to spread the propaganda
necessary to educate the workers
(here to a realization of their condition, and to awaken and solidify
the spirit and desire for organization, without which their conditions will not be Improved.
Throughout large areas In Ontarla,
and entirely throughout Quebec,
the majority of workers are French
speaking, and generally speaking,
only organizers able to use that
language can do effective work. It
ls, however, essential that some
men from the west who thoroughly
understand their class position, and
the value of an Industrial form of
organization, shall be sent to coach
and educate the French workers
so aB to make them efficient organisers. Unlimited literature ln that
language Ib also essential. Very
active opposition was experienced
from the Catholic church. We were
informed that the priests have
threatened to expel from the church
any one who Joins the organization, and only those who know the
hold the church has upon the
French will realize how much hard,
er this makes our work. The
Catholio church has a union known
as the Catholic 'National Organization, comprising a membership of
30,000. The alms ot the organization are chiefly religious. The
priests go Into camp and collect
money, and aB a side line warn
the men againBt Joining the O. B.
U.
The general referendum which
cloged March 15th resulted ln all
questions carrying ln the affirmative—this necessitated the formation of a contra! headquarters distinct from all districts. The following were elected for the central
executive committee: W. Cowan,
G. A. Clark, O. Lamont K. Higgins, with E. Winch as secretary
treasurer by acclamation. Tho activities of the coast district and
headquarters were separated at the
end of the quarter, March 31st.
The cash balance of 11675.91 being transferred to the headquarters, with the understanding that all
outstanding accounts be paid by
them, headquarters taking sufflclent offlce equipment, the balance
being retained by the coast district. In April It was necessary for
the general secretary to go to Winnipeg to a meeting of the O. B. U.
central executive, and before leaving he discussed with executive
members Clark and Lamont, who
were of the opinion that it would
be beneficial If he visited the eastern districts, so as to get firsthand Information of tho Ioca) situation. This he did, calling at
Fort Frances, Port Arthur and
Sudbury districts, and after a consultation at Sudbury, with executive Member Cowan,! he went to
Montreal and made arrangements
for starting a semi-monthly four-
page paper, two pages In English
and two ln French. This was put
in charge of U..Blnette, a French-
Canadian membor. Arrangements
wero also made to use a page each
week for lumber workers and-O.
B. U. newB In thc Finnish paper,
Vapaus, printed at Sudbury, and
the Ukranlan Labor News printed
at Winnipeg. This given the organization papers Issuod regularly In
English, Finnish, Frcnoh and Ukranlan languages,
In March Princeton district,
whloh consists almost entirely of
miners and general workers, decided to withdraw from the lumber workers, which they did; leaving an unpaid debt of $688.10. In
May Port Arthur district also sepc-
rated, leaving an unpaid debt of
I2.817.S6.
The Thunder Bay Central Labor
Council requested the opinion of
the central'executive of the O. B.
U. on the question of Port Arthur
district of the Lumber Workers,
Joining the local council, should
they decide to do so. The executive replied there was no objection to such action, but recommended that in suoh event the financial obligations to iheir own
headquarters should first be satisfactorily arranged.' No settlement
has yet been made by Port Arthur,
neither has the outstanding balance been reduced.
In April Executive. Member G. A.
Clark resigned, and MacKnlght,
being the one receiving the next
highest vote in the referendum,
was elected to fill the vacancy until the convention ln accordance
with Clause 20 of the onstltution.
This leaves a vacancy to be filled
by the convention.
In Sudbury district, E. Monaldi
whilst acting as organizer, was arrested by a private policeman of
the mining company on the charge
of sedition. Immediate action was
taken to effect his release On ball,
and to give legal defence. The
prosecution, however, deolded not
to proceed with the case. For the
protection of other memberB, and
to provent private firms or their,
hirelings from taking high handed
action in Illegally arresting members ot the working class, because
of their union activities, lt was decided to take legal action against
the company for damages for Illegal arrest.
The case of Organizer Mackenzie against the men who ran him
out of Cranbrook ln March, 1010,
was tried at Fernle ln May, 1920,
and the Judge has not yet given hia
decision. Besides the men (who
wefre directly charged with the action, proceedings were also taken
against the Cranbrook rierald for
endorsing their action. *
As Instructed by the January
convention, ah attempt was made
to negotiate with the Empllyers'
Association the quetston of Improved camp conditions. Following their, previous policy, the employers Ignored the communication
and consequently ln all camps
where the provincial and union requirements are not conformed to,
the men have had to take Job action to secure consideration of
their demands.
It ls not possible to obtain exact
figures of'the membership at any
given time, owing-to the fact that
It ls a common occurrence for a
member to bring himself Into good
standing, after . helng several
months ln arrears.
The membership ln good standing Ib about 20,000 and there Is
owing to the headquarters by the
districts (24,306.76.
Several districts of small membership have referred to the difficulty of financing their activities
with a 60 cents per capita to headquarters. The endeavor of the executive has been to return to the
districts as near aa possible the
full value of their contribution, not
only ln general assistance, but particularly ln educational literature,
and the executive feel Justified ln
saying that the Lumberworkers'
union Is today carrying on the
greatest educational work of any
labor body ln existence In the Dominion at the present time, and lt
would be a pity, and they believe
detrimental to the organized labor
movement as a whole, lf the work
was curtailed. In addition to the
value bf the educational literature
to the members themselves, It has
been a means of financially assisting other Bectlons of the movement ln getting out and spreading
literature amongst their own members and other workers. The union
has published leaflets In English,
French, Italian, Finnish. Ukranlan,
Chinese, Japanese and Hindoo,
The committee recommends that
the Initial .cost of organizing a district shall be borne by the headquarters, and when the looal membership Is In a position to take
over the management of the district, they shall pay for the value
of all offlce equipment and supplies then in use.
In view of the detrimental Influence of n> heavy debt upon the
shoulders of the district membership, it Is recommended that the
general convention authorize the
executive to make an arrangement
with each district by whloh upon
assuming an amount equal to their
ability to pay, the balance be wiped off.
In making this recommendation,
the executive wish to express their
appreciation of the splendid efforts that several districts have
made to fulfill their obligations, and
special- reference is made to Cranbrook which hao cleared Itself entirely of dobt to the headquarters.
Tho committee recommend that
walk-outs be discouraged and that
no official notice be taken of them,
except that when a report giving
the reasons for the action Is handed Into the office, this shall be
published for the Information of
members.
The executive are of the opln.
Ion that considerable criticism Is
due to tho contral executive of the
O. B. U. for the extreme scarcity
of suitable literature dealing with
tho principles of tho movement,
ard Illustrating the application of
Its principle to the present conditions In Industry and needa of the
workers; for thoy consider that
the least the executive can do Is to
unite It possible for units who
mny be willing to defray the cost
of circulating such propaganda In
thoir districts, to have a wide selection readily available at small
cost.
The executive recommends that
In future the general convention be
held once a year.
Note—The figures giving In detail the standing ot districts and
flnanclal reportB of organizers will
be published In full In the complcto report of convention proceedings.
The flnanclal reports of organizers were taken up separately,
those organizers who were present,
giving a verbal report of their activities.
On motion thc convention adopted the executive committee's report.
A special committee of two was
appointed to look In to the credentials of a. A. Clark, used at the
January convention.
The committee reported on a
resolution ns being from the const
district: "That all districts withdraw from the general executive
board of the L. & C.W.I.U. and attach .themselves to the goneral
executive board of the O.B.U."
The  accuracy  of  this  resolution
$2.50 PER YEAB
was challenged on the ground that
no such resolution was passed by
the coast district convention. A
special committee consisting of
one delegate for every district represented, was elected to investigate and report. This, they did at
the opening of the morning session on Wednesday, and Recommending that "as the resolution
was different from that adopted at
the coast convention, it should be
ruled out of order." The meeting
defeated the committee's recommendation by a vote of 84 to 88.
The whole of Wednesday until
6:15 p.m. was taken up in discussing the question of geographical versus Industrial form of organisation which waa the real
meaning of the resolution. On
a roll call vote the motion was defeated by 44 to 19.
On Thursday morning, the Convention resumed consideration of
the report of Committee on Past
Management and Future Policy.
It was decided henceforth that all
organisers' reports and accounts
of their actions shall be published
at least once a month In The Federatlonist or other publication.
Aa far as available funds allow,
organisers will be sent Into the
eastern ,.i^d northern districts,
using as far as possible qualified
workers within the locality to be
covered. The motion to restrict
members on the pay roll to a
voice and no vote at future conventions was defeated.
A committee of three Is to be
appointed to consider the question of starting an official O. B.
U. paper, the members to subscribe
for same. The findings of this
"committee to be presented at the
next O. B. U. convention.   -
The members are to be urged
to exercise all the pressure they
can to compel! the regular visiting
of camps by Health Officers.
Every effort Is also to be made
on the job to eliminate the system of doing work by contract,
piece or bonus,.with special attention to those who are endeavoring
to perpetuate these systems.
A long discussion took place on
the question of forming a Hospital and Medical Fund under the
control of the members, the fund
to be kept distinct tn every way
from the general activities of the
organization. Membership to be
optional, and to be open to any
member of the working class.
Several districts have already
started this, but It was considered
best that the organization as such
should take no hand In carrying
on any activities of a benevolent
nature.
The Defence Comlttee will be
recommended to furnish camp delegates in each district with official receipt books, in order that
all members who wish to make
voluntary contribution to this
fund may do so. A motion to assess the members for Defence
Fund was voted down. A recommendation was adopted that the
Defence Committee should issue
defence stamps from 25 cents up.
The main discussion In the af-'
ternoon session centred around a
motion to debar from holding an
official position in the L. W. I. U.
& C, anyone who ocupled a position In a political party. The
motion waa defeated.
A motion was passed demanding that troops be withdrawn from
Ireland and the people.there be
permitted the right of self-determination.
It   was   also    moved    that:—
Whereas the refusal of the Privy
Council to grant the appeal of the
men now In jail In connection with
the Winnipeg strikes can only be
regarded as further evidence of
the control of the judiciary by the
flnanclal interests, therefore, be it
resolved that this convention of the
L. & C. W. I. U send our fraternal greetings to all class war prisoners and pledge ourselves to
carry on the fight for the emancipation of the working class, and
the freeing of the social Institutions   from    Capitalistic    control.
The Special Committee appointed to Investigate into the credentials of G. A. Clark, used at the
January convention, reported:
That G. A, Clark, ex-member of the General Executive
Board was seated ln the last General Convention on forged credentials.   We recommend thftt G.
A. Clark be not allowed to ■ hold
any further office In the organization.
The Information that whilst lt
was not possible to give the exact
amount contributed by the members to the Defence Fund, owing
to some sending their contributions  direct to Winnipeg,   or the
B. C. Defence Committee, the total amount expeeded twenty-five
thousand   dollars.
It is urged that workers going
to prairie provinces for agricultural work, to be sure and join up
with the O, B. U. at one of the
district headquarters at Prince
George, Prince Albert, Edmonton,
Winnipeg or Fort Frances.
At the time of closing the afternoon session on Thursday, the
Delegates were considering the
report of the Committee on Constitution, upon which no definite
action has yet been taken.
The report of the Committee is
as follows:
1.—That Clause 1 of the Constitution shall read "The organization shall be known as the Lumber Workers' Industrial Unit of
the One Big Union."
2.—That Clause 2 shall be deleted and the following olause
substituted: "It shall have no affiliation with any other organization but pledges Its support to all
working class movements that
strive towards Industrial freedom."
8.—That Clause 3 be altered by
deletion of the words "in the
Lumber Industry or Construction
Camps" on lines 2 and 3 of Clause
3.
4.—That Clause 4 be deleted.
5.—That Clause 5 be altered to
read: "Foremen may become
members of the organization but
cannot hold office."
7.—That Clauso 7 be altered to
rend: "Any applicant for membership carrying a current or paid
up card In nny other wage workerB' labor organizntion will be admitted without payment of entrance feo Mombers who leave
the Unit, to engage In nnother occupation, and join tho Unit of that
ocupatton, shall, upon application,
be re-admitlod without payment
of back dues."
8.—That Clause 8 he deleted*.
8.—Thai r*ioime 10 be altered by
deleting the words "to use headquarters" on the 4th and 5th lines
of th'e Clause.
10.—That Clause 11 be altered
by deleting the words "the B. C.
Federationist" on the first line of
the Clause and Inserting the
words  "an  official  newspaper of
the umt."
,11.—ThaJ Clause 18 be altered
to read: "Any member making an
accusation or Insinuation against
any other member or official of
the Union, or making a statement
that any certain member of the
Unit ls a scab, shall be compelled
to prove the charge at the next
regular meeting of the Camp, and
If he falls to do so he shall make
a public apology to the offended
member or official at the meeting
at which the accusation, Insinuation, or statement is considered, or
at the regular meeting next held
at the Camp. In the event of his
refusal to apologize, his membership card shall be suspended until
such time as he compiles with the
decision of the meeting. The decision of the meeting shall be Inserted ln the most convenient official newspaper."
'12.—That Clause 14 be deleted
and the following clause Inserted:
"Any member objecting to . another's membership, or opposing an
applicant being received Into the
Unit, must state the objection In
writing so that the objection may
be properly Investigated and dealt
with by either the Central or District Executive Board and In the
event of the objection being sustained by the Central or District
Board, the member or applicant
objected to shall be denied the
right of membership ln the organisation."
18—That Clause 15 be altered
to read: "No member, camp delegate or organizer of the Unit shall
organize for any other Unton other
than the O. B. U."
14.—That Clause 27 remain as
at present
15.—That Clause 29 shall read:
"Should the offlce of General-Secretary-Treasurer become vacant
through any cause whatever, the
Central Executive Board shall
have power tp appoint another
Secretary-Treasurer to fill the vacancy. Should the office of any
other member of the Central Executive Board become vacant
through any cause whatever, the
nominee having the next highest
number of votes shall act as a
member of the Executive Board
until the next general convention."
'16.—That Clause 81 shall be altered by adding the following sentence: "The vote ballot shall be
kbpt'lh the office of the General
Secretary-Treasurer."
;17.—That Clause 82 shall be air
tered to read: "No member shall
be. eligible for nomination or'Election for General Secretary-Treasurer,, or as a member of the Central Executive Board unless he has
held a card In the organization for
af' least six calendar months."
18.—That Clause 83 be deleted.
,19.—That Clause 86 be altered
by deleting the words: "The B. C.
Federatlonist" occurring on the
8th line of the clause and Inserting
the words "an official newspaper"
therefor
20.—That Clause 88 be deleted
and the following clause Inserted:
"Initial expenses of organizing new
districts shall be paid by General
Executive Board out- of a specially
established fund for the purpose."
21.—That we concur in recommendation that article 6 of the
old constitution of the L. W. I, U.
of the O. B. U. be replaced In the
new Constitution.
22.—That the words— "and
Camp" appearing on the fifth line
of Section 44 be deleted, and the
word "Unit" be substituted for the
word "Union" on s0d fifth line of
Clause 44.
28.—That we concur In Resolution for Coast District Convention that Clause 47 be deleted,
24.—That Clause 60 be deleted.
25.—That the words "and camp"
and the word "Union" appearing
on the third and fourth line of
Clause 68 be deleted.
26.—That the word "Unit" shall
be substituted for the word
"Union" on the 6th line of Clause
54.
27.—That "& C" shall be deleted
from the 7th line of Clause 66,
and otherwise amended to conform
with Clause as amended by Coast
District Convention.
28.—That "and Camp" appearing
on the first line of Clause 67 be
deleted and the word "Unit" be
substituted for the word "Union"
ocurring on said aecond line.
29.—That the word "weekly"
be Inserted between the last word
of Hne 1 and the flrst word of line
2 of Clause 68.
30.—That the word "Unit" be
substituted for the word "Union"
throughout the romalnder of the
Constitution.
32.—That Clause 61 be altered
to read: "A Committee of three
Bhall* be appointed in each camp
by the members in Camp to assist
and confer with the delegate on
any Important subject that may
arise. In the event of a camp delegate being fired whilst In, or because of the pursuit of the business of tho Unit, In the camp where
such takes place, the members shall
call a meeting and take such action as may be necessary to pro
tect the Interests of the members
of the organization.
33.—That we do not concur in
Resolution from Edmonton Dls-
Dlstrlct, reading as follows: "That
Executive shall be composed of
one member from each district,
and that each district elect their
own   member  to  the   Executive."
34.—That we concur In the following resolutions:—
Ca) From Coast District Convention: "Recommend that* the
word "weekly" be placed In Clause
58 of the Constitution Immediately
atter the word "Meeting" on the
second line of the Clause (See
Resolution 29).
(b) That no District Secretary
of the L. W. I. U. be eligible to
nomination, election, .or appointment to the General Executive
Board of the O. B. U.
85.—The following has been
submitted from Sault Ste. Marie,
Ont:— *jf
"A discussion was held whether
a member can transfer from a*
Craft Union into an Industrial
Union. The meeting, having
thoroughly discussed the matter,
passed a resolution that a member
cannot transfer from a craft union
into an Industrial Union without
paying Initiation fee."
We do not support the contention
that lt is necessary for a member
of a Craft Union to payi Initiation
fee upon becoming a .member of
the L. W. I, U. of the O. B. U.
and do not concur In any sugested
resolution to that effect.
86.—Resolution from 'Edmonton District:
* "That no Executive Board member excepting the Secretary shall
be seated as a delegate at Conventions unless elected by a-District"
Not concurred ln.
Camp Reports
BLIND  CHANNEL
Having noticed a report ln your
paper signed "W.G." which I presume means "William Gussman,"
which-report I wish to contradict
as "one big lie." How any white
man can so misrepresent things,
beats me.
In the flrst place, he states:
"Brady's camp is closed, owing to
the boss raising the board and
cutting out fresh meat and potatoes." Well, the camp has never
been closed; is running as usual,
with union men, too. And allow
me to tell Mr. W.G., "men who
can, and will do an honest day's
work." As for the boss cutting
out fresh meat, etc., I think In
all it was six days we were without
It, and that was during the seamen's strike when these things
could not be obtained, and this
man knew perfectly there was a
standing order with P. Burns for
40 pounds of meat per week,
which, to my thinking, should
suffice for five men.
And then about raising the
board, the boss tells me It was
only when he realized how far
he was going behind on the board
hill, that he decided to ralBe it
above $1.20 per day per man. He
also states this truthful and cultured, W.G., "that the boys could
not get their money." The boys
were all paid their money with the
exception of this fellow, who got
part of his.
I don't understand what he
means when he says 'the boys
would not stand for this and that;
there was only another union man
(something like myself) in the
camp, as well as myself when he
left; this was the only man on
speaking terms with G.G.
As for the attack upon myself;
well, I want to deny emphatically
that I had anything to say about
the unipn, until this W.G. came ln
and demanded my dues, stating
that, he had been appointed delegate. I asked to see his certificate, but he couldn't show me
any, and as he had tried a day or
two before to borrow money from
me, I came to the conclusion he
wanted my dues to use for himself.
In conclusion, I may add that
If th'e union is to be represented
by men of this class, I cannot see
any lasting success for lt on the
coast, and I think It Is time some
steps should be taken to put a
stop to such trouble-makers, especially where there Is so littlo cause
for trouble.
(Signed) C. F. SKOGLUND.
STRIKES
ACTIVE ENGAGEMENTS ON THE     -
FIRING LINE
Whalen Pulp & Paper Company...
Crowley's Camp'.
Brooks Scanlon & O'Brien
Murray's Camp.
..Swanson Bay
. Grasrie Bay,
..Stillwater
Firs, Limited, or Rees & Black.
Beale & Stamford.
Masset Tbr. Co.'s Sawmill
Hanson's Camp
Kenny Bros. ..
Royal Lumber Co.
Kleanza Co.
-Thompson'Sound
 Whonnock
-Ocean Falls
Metalliferous Mines...
Lindlsay Bros.	
 Buckley Bay
Usk, G. T. P. Rly.
..Usk, G. T. P. Rly.
_.Usk,G.T.P.Rly.
Usk, G. T. P. Rly.
Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
 Meadows
Masset Timber Co. is firing the men on day wages
and letting work by contract. UNION MEN TAKE
NOTICE.
UNFAIR LIST
Dempsey-Ewart's, Camp *_
.Drury Inlet
way and other contractors have
atill got the old Idea that these
jobs'are run on snuff, overalls,
employment offlce rebates and
similar side line grafts, and perhaps they are not so far wrong,
for its not far from the mark to
say that halt the C.R.P. extensions could be paid for by the
fares which men pay in going to
and from jobs which are run under conditions which no normal
person would put up with willingly. If these conditions are to be
remedied it will only be by the
men getting into the O.B.U., which
ls a labor organization run by the
rank and flle of its members, and
which does not .permit Its officials
to make any agreements with the
boss on the side.—MAC.
PENTICTON
The report ln the Fed, of July
16. Is not quite correct, Inasmuch
as the 11.60 charged for hospital
Includes the 1 cent per day for
accident compensation. The soldiers civil re-estnbllshment men
are charged $1.50 the same as any
one else. The bosrd has not yet
been raised to $1.60 a day, hut In
every other respect the conditions
are as stated, only worse. The
food is punk—emphatically so;
Camp No. 1 Is well described; It's
bum. The writer has seen the rec-
celpts of one man who was charged $1.60 for hospital fees three
times In one month for what you
don't get.
The contemplated mall graft
got nipped in the bud, and lt Is
now up to the men to knock the
bottom out of the medical and
hospital graft.   Some of these rall-
DEEP COVE
Beep Cove Lumber Co., eight
miles from North Vancouver. The
best "organized" camp in B.C.
One man carrying a card, acting
as rigging man, choking, chasing
(part time), dogging up and cutting wood for donkey and working until 11 p.m. as bull oook.
One man went over to cut for
donkey, buck and split (gas saw)
and fire, also fix donkey in spare
time. He lost this snap, because
he wouldn't help fo dog up and
work on rigging. The rigging
crew work until 11 p.m. Anyone
wanting a steady job ln this camp
might get it by applying to Hicks.
Would suggest he take a bath before he goes, as there is • none
there. It would be advisable to
have with him things useful as
flrst aid In case . ot accident, as
there ls none on the job.
Oh, work, where Is- thy sting?
Oh, grave, where thy victory?
OCEAN FALLS
(John Anderson's Camp.)
Conditions ln this camp are rotten. Our food consists of flsh for
breakfast, fish for dinner, and
hamburger for supper. Our allowance for fruit ls one orange a
weok, and meals are never on
time. Tou just have time to eat
and run to work. There are men
running donkeys without papers,
which are not capable of running
a wheelbarrow. So, union men,
take note of this camp.
WANTED
The address of Fred Esnouf,
who was injured on February 12
while working for the Capilano
Timber Co.
'       notice
There Is mail  In the offlce for
Thomas Morris Thompson.
Buy at a union store.
Defense Fond.
i Mainland Cedar Co., Thompson
Sound, per Thomas Rellly, by donations to Maintenance Fund:
George William $1, T. Abrahams .
$2, Forbes Spilling $2, F. E.
Klrcha $1, Joe Boyer .1, Roy L.
Campbell $1, A. Dumas $1, E.
Shaw $2, A. Posqueville $1, I.
Jysum $1, H. H. Robinson $$, T.
Newman $1, H. Cockerill $1, G.
Brodstock %i, B. Kuln $!, C, Lunil
$2, R. Pevowltz 02, G. H. Oroon
$2, B.. Bell $1, s. McLean $2,
James Anderson $1, Pete Johnson
$2, Carol Kosock $4, Joe Bas-
sarab -$2, J. Reid $1, O. A. Sund-
berg $3, A. Anderson $2 J. Foulds
$2, J. Ferguson $2, O. Sunen $1,
S. E. Lavarne $2, O. B. Jameson
$2, Robert N. Green $1, W. A. Lee
$1, T. Thompson $2, Thomu
Rellly $4; total $64.
INFORMATION  WANTED
Addresses of Frits William
Schulfle, last'heard of in Prince'
Rupert district last November;;
Frank Asslln, last heard of at
Fare's camp, Vaveny; F, L. Barrett, Karl F. McKlnen, N. Duda-
koskl,  _.  Dew,  A.  Vesenlklr, G.
Whitelaw, W. Orr, Tomkln,
N. Koski, F. R. Solloway, Jim Kinney.
Nels Sutterland. aged 68, has a
compensation claim, No. 52216.
Eastern members are warned
not to pay dues or fees to H. C.
Joanlsse.
Wilfrid Walqulst Is Informed
that his brother was drowned \a
California recently.
WANTED
Address of Karl F. McKlnen, P.
Ryan, N. Dudakoski, E. pew, C. B.
Wilson, H. H. Murphy, A. Vesenlklr, G. Whitelaw. W. Orr, Tomkln,
N. Koski, F. R. Solloway, Jim Kinney, J. Dicomo, W. J. Chesney and
Les Hamilton, hook tender.
NOTICE
'Any ono knowing the address of
Robert Power, formerly working
at Buckley Bay, please communicate with Vancouver headquarters.
Contribution to the Winnipeg defense fund, amounting to $9, from
McLeod Timber Co., boom camp,
Gambler Island, per J. A. Gray.
Seattle—Polish reservists In this
city are refusing to listen to the
call from Poland for members of
the nationality In this country to
return for service against thc Soviet Army. Indignant repudiation
of the war on the workers' government of Russia is general among
local Poles.
Do Your Bit Now!
THERE are 46 workers, most of whom have families,
looked out at Taylorton, Bask., by the mining eompany because they belong to the 0, B. U. and attended
the meeting which Organizer Christopher was to have
addressed at Bienfait, when he was ran out of the country by the illegal aot of a bunch of stools.
The Central Defense Committee has taken over the
looking after of legal assistance for these men and Organizer Christophers,
Funds Are Needed Immediately
These men must be protected and tbeir families must
not be allowed to starve.
THIS IS YOUR FIGHT !
Send funds direct to District Secretary, 196 Henry
Avenue, Winnipeg, or to James Law, Central Defence
Committee.  State if for maintainence or legal action.
Receipts:
Dues   	
Fees
TIMMINS DISTBIOT
Statement May lit to June 9th
Delegates' Remittance  9660.05
Less Commission and Eipeniei     69.50
O. B. U. Buttons tnd Cirdl .....
Collodions at meetings 	
BariUio Defense Fund 	
'Balance  on band  April  SOth...
174,00
16.00
580.55
«7.10
37.80
37.75
880.06
Expenditures:
Wages  	
Rent and light 	
Typewriter 955.00, Equipment |20.60 .
Offlce  supplies  and   postage  	
Organization 	
Sundry Expenses  - - -	
Headquarters  —
Balance on hand June 20tli	
69.90
75.50
81.65
152.0C
32.84
300.00
248.63
Receipts:
WINNIPEG DISTBIOT
Statemont May 16th to June SOth
Delegates'   Remittance  $284.00
Less Commission and Expenses    30.50
112.00
33.00
O. B, V. Buttons 	
Advance from Headquarters 	
Expenditures:
Wages  ....:	
Rent and Telephone .
Installing Offlce 	
253.50
35.00
600.00
153.00
77.50
115.96
Offlce Supplies and Postage .„  27.95
Organization    - 321.38
Printing Ukranlan Paper   70.00
O. L. C. per capita Tax  10.00
Sundry Expenses  29.20
Balance on hand June 30th   128.51
t 933.50
PRINCE OEOROE DISTBIOT
Statement for Juno, 1920
Receipts:
Dues  _ | 278.00
Fees ;  17,00
Delegates' Remittance  |557.50
Less Commission and Expenses      26.50
  531.00
Winnipeg Defense Fund   49.00
O. B. U. Buttons, Cards and Literature  15.85
Balance on band May 31st   1,201.07
92,001.02
Expenditures:
Wages    * | 160.00
Rent and Light  „„.-  80,00
Offlce Supplies and Postage .™ .' 12.00
Organisation  295,35
Winnipeg Defense Fund remitted   40.00
Sundry   Expenses     83.96
Remitted to Headquarters   475.00
Balance on hand June 30th   983.61
12,091.02
PRINCE BUPERT DISTRICT
Statement for June,   1920
Receipts:
Duel    $ 190.00
Fees    _  10.00
Delegates'  Remittance  9379.05
Less Commission and Expenses        8.75
                                                             871.20
Headquarters advance for Strike Relief - 350.00
Strike Donation  „ —.„ 6.00
O. B. U. Buttons	
.70
Expenditures:
Wages	
Itent  	
91,217.19
 9   120.00
12.50
9
MERBITT DISTRICT
Statement for Juno,   1020
Receipts:
247.97
,217.19'
Fees 	
Less Commission and Expenses	
....      6.50
79.50,
O. B. U. Buttons and Literature ...
Balance on hand May 31st	
Expenditures:
18.05
189.35
I
864.35,
132.fi'4
7.93
Sundry   Expenses    „„„,
12.00
•  88».3i ffiGEFOUR
TWELFTH YEAR,  NO.  39
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FKDEKATIONIST    vakuouveb, b. a
FRIDAY. July S3,  t»St
THE B.C. FEOERATI
Uuiektd every Friday ntorning by The B. 0.
, Federationist, United
yu 8. WELL!
-Manager
Office: Labor Temple, il— Dunsmuir Street
, i Telephone Soymour 5871
Bubscribtion Bates: United States and Foreign,
, J3.00 per year; Canada, 38.60 per year, 31.60
j (or six months; to Unions subscribing in a
j   body, 16c per member per montb.
Catty ot Labor; The Bop* ot tke.WorM
FRIDAY..
..July 33, 1020
THE dismissal of the appeal in the case
of E. B. Russell by the Privy Couneil will no doubt eome as a shook to many
members of the working class in this
eountry who had still the opiniou
that justice
THE PRIVY could be tem-
COUNCILS DECISION pered with
AMD THE FUTURE. mercy, or
that capitalistic
"justice" is different in one country]
'from another. The workers in Great Britain will also view with alarm the .decision
rendered, for as the Daily News stated
some time ago: "The matter is arousing
g»eat interest in Trade Union circles in
this country, for the judgment in the local
court, and confirmed .by the Manitoba
Court of Appeal, calls in question the
right of free speech, the right of free
assembly, the sympathetic strike and the
right of combination." Reference was
also, made to the fact that the judgment
of Mr. Justice Metcalfe rested almost entirely on the Common Law of England,
and for this reason the issue would be
hardly less important to the workers of
Great Britain than it would to the workers of Canada.
* *    .   •
There is no doubt that the activities of
the workers in the old land could have
aided the case of Russell, had it not have
been for the officialdom that prevails in
trade union and working class political
Circles in Great Britain, and the activities
of the officials of the Dominion Trades
Congress and thc American Federation of
Labor. These organization, it is known,
were in touch with the officials of the
British organizations referred to, and no
doubt had a deal to do with the attitude
of the official mind in the old land,
towards the representatives of the workers of this country who were representing
the defense committee and the men in
gaol, and who were endeavoring to show
the British workers the importance of the
ease, and this interference, no doubt, had
some bearing on the final results of thc
appeal.
■ »        »        *
The methods adopted by the Dominion
Government in the effort to break the
itrike in Winnipeg have been a revelation
to thousands of workers in this country,
irhere the stool pigeon has become a part
of the ruling "class machine of the government, and the type of agent such as
Zaneth, self-confessed liar, can give evidence against members of the working
elass who are in any way active, and have
their statements accepted as truth by the
courts.   In this connection the words of
Judge Anderson, of the U. S. A., dealing
With government spies, are worthy of consideration.  They are as follows :—
"I cannot adopt the contention that
t    government spies are any more trust-
. worthy, or less disposed to make trouble in order to profit therefrom, than
are spies in private industry. Except
in time of war, when a Nathan Hale
may be a spy, spies are always necessarily drawn from the unwholesome
and untrustworthy classes.  A right-
minded man refuses such a job.  The
evil wrought by the spy system in in-
i    dustry has, for decades, been incalculable. Until it is eliminated, decent
human relations cannot exist between
employers  and employees,  or even
among employees. It destroys trust
and confidence; it kills human kindliness; it propagates hate."
. The spy and the stool pigeon will never
ae eliminated as long as capitalism lasts.j
The methods adopted in Czarist Russia <
mill come more and more into use as the
class struggle becomes fiercer; men will
be thrown into gaol for the slightest thing
if they are considered as being dangerous
to the interests of the ruling class, whieh
knows no interests and no justice, but its
Bwn. Jack London's picture of the Iron
Heel will become but a very poor portrait
of the methods that the dominant class
. vill use in order to hang on to the system
that gives them thcir luxury, and their
power.
* * *
The members of the ruling class of
both the Old Land and of Canada have
, shown that they have realized their class
position, and that when their interests
are assailed there is no division.
They have both the same conception of
justice and the "rights" of the workers
.which are just what they can take and
toothing else. The working elass of this
country has been linked, through the
trade unions, with the most reactionary
force on the American continent, namely,
i the American Federation of Labor. It
was the attempt to break away from this
organization that was the signal for the
ruling class of this country to show the
power and might that it possessed, in th&
courts, the press and the pulpit. Every
one of these agencies was made use of in
order to stop the advance of the working
elass movement in this country on progressive lines. The decision of the Privy
Council places the workers in Canada
where, if they join in a sympathetic strike,
they are likely to be thrown into gaol and
receive the same qr worse treatment than
was accorded Bob Russell. But all the
laws of this or any other land cannot stop
the wheels of progress. The workers will
move as the circumstances whieh surround their daily lives compel them
to move. If the conditions are there they
will bc compelled to strike and to interfere with the profits of the. ruling class.
It may be that it will take morrand more
of the iron heel methods of the government to make them see the futility of
patching up capitalism and the inevitability of the class struggle becoming ever
keener, but they will eventually be compelled to realize that so long as two
classes exist jn society there will be war
between those two classes, amfthe results
of the appeal in Russell's case will help
them to realize these things all the
quicker.
♦ » *
The decision of the Privy Council will
compell the workers of this country to
take new steps and new methods of resisting the encroachments of the ruling
class. Canada, being only comparatively a
village in the capitalistic world, the workers of this country cannot step out as the
workers in the older lands will be compelled to do; they can only follow the
rest of the capitalistic countries. But
there is much that they can do to protect
themselves in the commg struggle. The
,first essential is tova«ssil every point of
vantage now held by the ruling class.
Every constituency must be contested in
the event of an election. Every Dominion
and provincial election must be fought,
not perhaps as much for the results that
will be achieved by legislative enactments, but as a means of carrying on
propaganda and educational jvork. The
breach between the reactionary American
Federation of Labor must be made complete and an organization built up on
class lines. If there is yo division between the sections of the ruling class,
there must be none between the members
of the working class. The need for class
solidarity has been demonstrated during
the past year as it was never shown in
this country before; the ruling class have
it, thc workers must follow. On a previous occasion we advocated a close affiliation with the workers in thc old land.
Not, however, with the officialdom of the
working class movement, but with the
new and virile rank and file movement of
that laud, which is steadily growing in
power and understanding of the struggle
that faces the workers of the world.
• .#.■■'■■■•
If the laws of the old land affect this
country, and there is no doubt that thoy
do, and if the ruling class of Great Britain
is standing at the back of the same class in
this country, then the1 workers within the
British Empire have all to gain by closer
co-operation and understanding. But
finally and vhile last, but by no means
least, the workers of Canada must cease
to be pap fed by the ruling class of this
country through the medium of the capitalistic press. They must study their own
position, and having acquired an understanding of the Law of Values, the materialistic conception of history, and the
class struggle, and viewing the world's
happenings from the light of that understanding, they will march forward, and
all the iron heel methods and gaols of the
ruling class, backed up by the courts, the
pulpits and the prostitute press, will not
b» able to stave off that day when they
will become free men, and none shall call
another master, and slavery will cease to
exist. Will the workers of this country
take up their cross, and taking it up have
the brains and the will to carry it to victory. They must, or be beaten to the dust.
The ruling class of Canada has issued the
challenge, the Privy Council has supported it; only cowards and supine slaves will
refuse to take it up.
the country in the hands of a com--,
parative few? It is because there are |
comparatively few of all men born, \
who are able or willing to control j
their appetites and their spendings."
There are few who appreciate the.
need of saving.   There are few wjt»'
realize what can be done with the ac-
cumulations of thrift arfd saving." *   j
* » • '"„:".
Later in thc article the following opinion of a "rich'man" is'given expression
to:—
While president, Mr. Roosevelt de-'
livcred an address before the students1
at Harvard, in which he railed at the
men who did -not do real work. Prob-.
ably no man ever lived who knew less
than Mr. Roosevelt the meaning of
real work;, It fc doubtful ,if he ever
earned a dollar in his life by physical
toil or by the construction of anything.   He never earned a dollar in
his life in commerce or business of
any kind, and dying, there is not a
spot on the earth that shows a dollar's worth of improvement or betterment that he produced.
Evidently brains did not produce much
in the case of the late Mr. Roosevelt, and
he also had weaknesses if the writer's
opinion is a correct one.
* . * o
As a capitalistic apologist, Guy Morrison Walker is a rank failure. His contentions are so purile and lacking in logic,
that a school boy reading it could see that
the whole article has neither reason or
anything else in it that would convince
any person with a modicum of brains, and
all of th'e weaknesses that prevents the
human family from all becoming rich. As
a matter of fact there cannot be any rich,
that is rich as estimated today, unless
someone is robbed, and the Roosevelts, the
Rockefellers and all the rest of the brood
which are classed as rich people, are
rioh because of the poverty of the workers that by brain and muscle-produce the
world's wealth.' The rich become rich on
the exploitation of a slave class in society,
and not because of their brains, for speaking generally the beneficiaries of the
present system would starve to death
were they left to earn their own living,
and the men who direet industrial enterprises arc as much workers as are tho
men in the ditch, and while at times they
hold dual post ions of exploiters and workers, insofar as thcir efforts are direct old
in thc production of wealth, they operate |
as workers, and when they take the "surplus products of those they direct,'#3y
are exploiters. The socialist position-can
survive all attacks from such brain stdrtjis
as appeared in last Sunday's Sun,. Md
while it may hsve amused a few people, lit
certainly did not undermine the position
of the men who are seeking to bring about
a change in society, which it was'jeyi-
dentely intended to do. .,.i|,
By MAXIM GORKY
THB Red and the Black are
carrying on a bloody struggle;
throughout the world. The Insatiable desire for power over men
ls the force that impels the Black.
The Red desires to see a tree lite
and beautiful existence for all. In
that wish lies his motive force.
This noble and beautiful thought
lights up the darkness of Ufa with
the warm flame of charity, the
dazzling light of truth, and the
wold gleam of love. This thought
has kindled everywhere the glowing flame ot freedom, and the new
flre embraces the dark, blind earth,
and bids in dream of happlhess
for all.
It says, "Each for all. All are
equal. In the heart of every man
ls hidden a whole world of beauty.
No one may Injure a human being
by using him aa a mere tool aad
depriving him of the right to
think. No one has the right to
compel another; the use of power
in that way is a crime."
Timid and undecided, but high'
\y excited, the Uttle monotonous
Gray moves rapidly between the
Blaok and the Red. And like
hungry harlot In the street whose
objeot is to sell her body, tha
wretched Gray la always ready to
sell his miserable little soul. He
only wants, to be fed and kept
warm, He wants to move through
life peacefully and quietly. He
is always willing to serve as a
slave to any power that will promise him peace and comfort. . Life
to him Is aa a look-glass in which
he can see nobody but himself.
He lives foe payment. He haB
all the characteristics of a parasite. He is quite Indifferent as to
whom he gets his living trom—<
man or beast, genius or Imbecile,
makes   him   tale*   and   double-1
tonguad.
When the Blacks ace winning
ln the flght for power he whispers,
See how reaction wine. It will
succeed ln throwing the knight Df
Freedom and Truth once more to
the ground." He warns the Blacks
thus: "You must be on your
guard—anarchy!" His ideal is
ever the same; law and order—
for himself, even lf lt should destroy the spiritual lite ot the land.
If, however, the Blacks appear
to be getting the worst of lt, he
takes part ln the flght and
deavors to betray both sides. . With
deep humility and a show of wisdom he says to the Blacks: "Of
course the' people are still like
herd of cattle, and they require
herds, but It would be advisable
to extend their pasture-ground a
little. If you give them a little
more than they have now—only
a little—It would pacify them.
The Reds would then cease to bb
dangerous, tor their whole power
rests upon the dissatisfaction of
the people. If you permit me,
I will do all In my power to make
a settlement In that direction,"
He la allowed to do so, and Immediately he sets about making
his own life pleasant and comfortable.
The Blacks, by acting In con
Junction with the Grays, become
less true!, but more stupid and
mean. The Reds become tinged
with a stronger glow.
Then the Gray speaks learnedly
to the Reds:
"To be sure lt Is time that life
should be established on an ledal
basis, but you cannot satisfy
everybody at once. The oest will
be great. The Blacks will soon
give up  the struggle  lf  we  act
it is. all the same to him.    His carefully.    If you will permit tne
soul ls the throne of a slimy frog. I will speak with them In o. proper
He does his utmost to ensure that
he shall have a sufficiency for the
future, but he la haunted by a
continual fear and   anxiety   that
IT is a common thing these days for Sunday editions of morning papers to
carry "extraordinary articles" dealing
with questions of the day. One of the
most "extraordinary" of these articles
appeared in last Sun-
BRAINS AND day's edition of the
BRAINSTORMS Vancouver Daily
- Sun.    People   with
brains, which the writer of the article in
question has so much to say about, and
who read the article, are wondering just
how so much piffle ever got into print.
The following example of reasoning is a
prelude to much more of the same kind of
"logic":—
"Every man is born to be rich, and
those of us who are not, are not because of some weakness of our own
which we are unable or unwilling to.
curb or to overcome."
Being under the impression that rioh
and poor were relative terms, and that
there would be no rich if there were no
poor, and realizing that all men are subject to some kind of weakness, and very
evidently the writer of the article is a
little weak in spots, and that" even rich
men have been known to have more weaknesses than the average worker, particularly in the region of the back, it becomes
very difficult to grasp the meaning of
such a deep passage as thc above, and we
can only wonder that the writer did not
specify the particular weaknesses which
prevent men from becoming rich, and
compels them to live in a state of poverty.
» *        *
Following the article a little further, we
find that the writer has the following
opinion: "It is not labor in the physical
sense that is producing the wealth today,
but brains, and it never can be1 anything
else but intellect devoting itself to sccel-
eratcd'production and directing the less
endowed members of the race that will
produce thc still greater wealth of thc
future." As thc writer was dealing with
the struggle between capital and laBor,
we take it that he infers that somo work
can bc done without intellect. We, however, venture the opinion that the use of
a pick in the digging of a sewer, requires
more mental effort tha« the producing of
the above thought gem entailed. Consistency in a writer in the presentation of his
case is, however, always necessary if the
lesson is to be driven home, and the two
following passages show that tho writer
of the article, "Guy Morrison Walker," is
not consistent in his endeavors to show
that brains create the world's wealth:—
"Why is thc accumulated wealth of
THE EMPIRE IS SAFE
The hearts of Britishers must
have swollen near to the bursting
point when Sir Thomas Lipton,
who has been prosecuted in the
Old Land for selling adulterated
foodstuffs and makes his wealth
out ot coolie and other kinds of
slaves, won.the second yacht race.
They will realize that the empire
is safe while we have such "great".
men.
FIGHT THE EVIL
Sir Charles Htbbert Tupper wants
the red element ln Canada fought.
A good chance to fight reds ls evidently being opened by the Allies,
and possibly Sir Charles will Join
the Polish army where he will have
all the opportunities he Huld wish
for ln fighting the Bolsheviki.
THAT LABOR SHORTAGE
The C. P. R. still continues Its
campaign for more labor, while
many walk the streets and returned men cannot get work.
A SLAVE that is physically.fit is more
likely to produce profits thafi one
that has some physical infirmities. The
employing class in the U. S. A. is slowly
but surely instituting the medical examination of working peo-
ALL FOR pie.  Tho Canadian em-
EFFICDENCY ployers, who are at no
time free from the -influences- of American capital, are evidently not slow to see the value of such a
method of securing the highest degree of
efficiency in their slaves, as is evidenced
in the aetivities of the Canadian National
Safety League, which, in its news letter,
quotes the activities of the employers on
the other side of the lififc in this respect,
and states that where this system is in
effect the employees are satisfied.
♦ • •
Other evidences of the desire to have
slaves examined, as the buyer of a horse
would examine a prospective buy, are to
be found in this province, where employers have endeavored to have sueh provisions inserted in approved medical
schemes under the Worwmen's Compensation Act, but so far as we know no such
schemes have been sanctioned by the Compensation Act Commission. With the
greater portion of the working class impaired physically in industrial occupations, or fighting for democracy on the
fields of France and Flanders, it is not
difficult to detect a member of the working class, or to judge his physical capacity, but if the worker lias to be
brought to the position of a horse, then
the least the employers oan do is to see
that the workers are fid when unemployed and hungry as are horses, and that
they are taken care of when sick. It is
some time ago since a prominent member
of the Victoria Board of. Trade took the
position that a returned soldier who had
been wounded would not be worth as
much as a man not suffering from the
same defects, and consequently would not
be paid'as much wages, and that the pension received would make up for the deficiency in wages. The Workmen's Compensation Act of the Old -Land has also
had the tendency to weed out the physically unfit and the aged, and it would
appear that thc employers of this country
are wishing to still further augment; tne
industrial scraphcap by methods (that
have anything that the Prussians enjtrid
imagine backed off the map. But sufch'is
capitalism, profits are the be all, an<I e|d
all of the present system, and slaves nlivc
no rights but to submit to their masters,
and if they say so, the slaves will be compelled to have their fetlocks examined before being employed, so that only those
that can produce the greatest profits will
be put to work.
A RED HOPE
The dally press on Thursday described Bob Smillie as the white
hope of the reds. He would appear
to be more of a red hope of the
slaves of Oreat Britain. ,
LENIN'S SHREWD MOVE
Lenin's refusal to stop the war
against Poland unless the Poles
seek peace would appear to be a
pretty shrewd attempt to force the
world revolution. Possible he recognizes that Socialism cannot be
instituted ln any one country, and
that the proletarian revolution
must be world-wide.'
WHERE WILL THEY GET THEM
Tha Allies contemplate aiding
Poland against the Bolsheviki. It
would appear to those who read,
that it will be I very difficult Job
to get soldiers from any of tho Allied countries to take up arms
agalnat enemiei -of Soviet Bus-
Perhaps Lloyd Georgo and
Millerand are going to get their
recruits from the ranks of the Idle
rioh.
and diplomatic fashion,
And whether he is allowed or
not he Bets about his plans for
making himself as snug and warm
as possible.
And the Red becomes paler:-the
Black spreads the wings of his
power father and farther; life begins to grow dark; breathing becomes more difficult.
The Gray one drinks out of hla
filthy cup with full gulp and
toasts the speedy establishment of
Fountain Pens
Your choice of any of the popular makes
Waterman, Conklin,
Swan
Come in and let us help you select the nib thftt-suits you.
We take much pains and—it is a pleasure as well— te
show our Fountain Pens, for we believe we can gratify
every taste, from among the many styles we carry.
The Gray is a traitor and a
wrecker; he can do anything but
the right'thing; he never deals
square, is never honest.
These little double-tongued
snakes ore always between the
two extremes, and by the egoistic conduct prevent the natural
development of one side to - the
point,at which a reaction would
inevitably occur and thwart the
efforts of those on the other side
to reach their ideal. They Are always in 'the middle, always mixing
the two main colors of life Into a
colorless mass, drab and dirty.
The' Gray seeks to' destroy all
that 18 good and beautiful in life.
He ls the eternal enemy of all who
are good and brave.
Pritchard's Address to the Jury.
Copies of Prltehnrdto address to
tlie jury can now be secured at tlio
Federatlonist Office. The words
of Prltolmrd, when addressing tlie
jury at Winnipeg will go .'.own In
history as a part of the struggle tn
human society for liberty, Every
worker should have a copy* Get
yours before the rush starts. Price
aa centa.
"Make the world safe for your
boy" ts the title of a poster Issued
by the Interchurch World Move'
ment. It's the same gang that helped to make the world safe for democracy. What better guarantee
do you want? "Good morning."
Where ls your union button?
EXACTLY WHAT WE WANT
The Montreal Star says: "There
are forces ln the worid more powerful than any class or organisation of classes. One such Is the
ancient law that if you do not
work you starve. The Socialist recognizes the forces that no olass,
not even th$ ruling class, can defy.
Those forces are economic forces
working in society, which the ruling class does not understand. The
Socialist, however, wishes to put
the ancient law with regard to
work or starve Into effect, the ruling class hae been dodging this
law too long as it Is,
EMPRESS
NEXT WEEK
"The little Shepherd
of Bargain Row"
Featuring Mlsa Elliott
PANTAGES
* nn wns
Ibe Sensational Spectacle
"SUBMARINE F-7"'
The Vancuver Daily Sun, in an editorial this week, urges its readers to do
thcir own thinking. That is what tho
Federationist has been pointing out to its
readers for a long time, and for once we
can agree with the Sun, We do not even
wish to do the thinking for our readers,
and we have less desire to see the people's
thoughts handed out ready-made by the
capitalist press..
Men'a   Black   Pant   Overall!,
I oi. I pockets   $8.60
Union Made
Men'a   Working   Shlrti,   Fine
Khaki 12.00
Sizes 14 1-2 to 19
Straw Hats
Any Old Price
Men'a Black Pants, < pockets,
.belt loops IS.00
Union made
Men's  White  Neglige  Shirts,
Collar attached .12.00
Sizes 14 1-2 to 1»
We are Just marking off our
new   Stanftelds's   Underwear.
Our stock Is complete now
Men's iChakl Pants, 5 pockets,
Belt Loops and Cuffs f 1.00
Union Made
As we are not in
the high rent district, you readily
see how we can
sell (or less.
Men'a Soft Bosom Shirts, Soft
Cuffs, separate Collar .... $3.00
STETSON HATS
$10.00
Men's Corduroy Pants, S pockets, Belt Loops and Cuffs..$T.TS
Union Made
Men's    Bathing    Suits,    Fast
Colors ....' $2.50
A very nice line ot Hats ln New
Shapes and Colors at ..$5.00 ea.
Mon'a  Working  Gloves,   Pigskin    : $8.00
Union Made
Men's Balbriggan Underwear,
per suit  $1.50
Men'a Merino Underwear, at,
per suit  $8.50
W. B. BRUMMITT
18 and 20 CORDOVA ST. WEST and 444 MAIN ST.
'.The House or Diamonds"
480-480 Oranvillo Stroot, at Corner Pender
ERNEST HARRY
Phone Fairmont 404$
Sri.X'ff'"",? *»*tti*. A't Sprint,
■.-Cpholetered, Coitions Ba-ala
ana Hide to Order, Bab* Cerriotea
Ro-Cotored and Retired. "*""•"
Mil 'Commercial paw, vaacoafei.
DENTAL PLATES
Excellent quality, perlect la-
ting,     correct     articulation,
pleasing appearance,  skilled
attention, features ot dentistry ot tlie offices of
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Vestal Tinrttt la Atlendnto,
Opei Kwii>i.i, tao to Rise,
Granville Strcet-
camer Ilvbton Street
Over Owl Drag Store
Phoue Seymvar GttSS
Our Selling System
i
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value.
Tiro Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing    '
345 Hastings Street
HARRON BROS.
raamls <f Hialtj at Fair Prlcea.
Funeral Dlncton and Kmtmlmen
Fairview:   Ofllce and Chapel, 2398 Orfta*
ville St.   Pkone Bay SHOO.
Nartk Vancouver:   Ofllce snd «hapet->
132 Slllh St. W.   Pbone N. V. 184.
Mount  Pleasant:    Office  and   Chapel—
3129 Main St.  Pkoae Fairmont et.
Bonn: 10 to 11.90 a.m., 1 to 5.30 p.m.
la.   Erealnji bjr Appointment.
Fkono Bay. B. I. IU.
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Graduate P. 8.0.
Suite TM Nortk Wut Trait Bldf.
508-511 B10HABDS STBEET.
Burberry Coats
.   at bQth store
J. W. Foster
Limited
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Promptness in anewerlng the telephone is a mark of courtesy shown
tke caller. It ia also a help to the op.
erator for It enable, her to complete
the call and to giro her attention to
others.
Telephone calls should be answered
promptly, for sometimes the celling
person does not wait and "hangs ap."
If this happens, the subscriber who
haa been called ahould not blame the
operator wben ahe asks bim to "ex.
cuse il. please."
BRITISH   COLUMBIA   TELEPHONE
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—AND BEAR-
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til HASTINOS SIBEBI B.
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MU 301 Dominion Bulldlnf
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iJffl-VSc&n
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SAILS
Tents and Awnings, Carponters' Aprons and Overalls, Pant!
and extra clothing, Longshoremen's Hooks, eto. Estimates
given on all canvas work.. '
48   WATER   STREET
Vanconver, B. 0.
Phone Sey. 4641
eOFFEE
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x (Open till 8 p. m.)
Socialism will destroy the home;
ls a capltalstio stand by. Capitalism, However, gives thoso that do
not work palaces, an* the workeri
shacks, Naturally the homes referred to ara the homes of those
that benefit by the syatem, they or*
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 -44
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Ready Learn and
Inwardly Digest
NOW READY IN PAMPHLET FORM
fudge Metcalfe's Charge to tlio Jury In tlie Russell TrUl, aa
compared with CAVE In lta v* BURNS, ENGLAND, 188e.
Russell Trial and Labor's Rights
OPINION
By W. H. TBUBMAN, K. 0.
Examination and statement ot Law, and Review of Justice Met-
caire's Charge to the Jury, in Trial ot R. B. Russell, at Winnipeg, December, 1919.
Prices for the above pamphlets are as under:—
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single copies 10c each.   Freight and postage extra.
Two in One
GALT in THE KING vs. F. J. DIXON, M.I*A.
—ALSOt-
ADDRESS TO THE JURY BY P. J. DIXON,
M.L.A.
Acknowledged to be the most eloquent and historic address ever
delivered in the courts ot Manitoba.
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(An Editorial From Th. London
Nation)
WHEN they began to draft
their series of Peace Treaties, the Allies may well
have Imagined themselves to be
omnipotent, ft was a moment df
'hybrls', and a Greek sage would
have advised each of them to sacrifice his most cherished possession to the gods. If we had given
up our unrestricted right ot blockade, It Mr. Wilson had brought the
Monroe Dootrlne to the altar, If
the French could have left the
Rhine a German river, the world's
history would have gone otherwise. In November, 1918, a critic
would have been laughed at who
had dared In the name of prudence
to plead for a moderate" peace.
Some talked of magnanahlmlty
and mercy, but none of prudence.
There was certainly nothing In the
panorama ot the world, as Paris
saw It, to «ugg<»>' the need of prudence, The c f .'teness of the
German mirreu-.V had startled
and almost disgusted us. We
should have liked them ratn*r better If they had shown more spirit
Austria was split on the ground,
Turkey lay on the dissecting table.
Of all the world's armies only those
of the victors were Intaet. As the
German battle fleet steamed Into
the Forth, while our own warships
entered the Baltlo and Black Sea,
it seemed to most ot us that the
windless victory had entered our
temple.
Less than two years have passed,
and the sense of omnipotence haa
vanished. Listen to Mr. Lloyd
George pleading our powerlessness
te Mr. Barnes and Bishop Gore:
"Why could not we do anything
In Armenia? Because the only
Powers that were available for the
purpose are so charged with obligations that they cannot spare a
soldier France has to
withdraw from Cillcla. We are
full up. We have got Constantinople. We have got Mesopotamia. We have got Palestine .
and to a certain extent we have
difficulties ln Persia. . . , Italy
has got her difficulties, too, . .
We could not spare a battalion for
the League ot Nations,"
In those distant days when we
wore all realizing that the blockade
had won the war, people thought,
that anything could be achieved by
the bloodless stranglehold. But
even In the blockade our rulers
seem to have lost faith. Mr. Barnes
pleads that "economlo pressure"
may always be used, when one has
not a battalion to spare. The
Herodlan answer came swiftly:
A Desolate Picture
"The economic pressure on Russia Is so extreme that the population is starving. I do not know
what more you could do. There ls
nothing now going Into Russia."
It is a fairly desolating picture]
from the standpoint of the world's
rulers. Their arm. ls shortened
that they cannot save. Armenia
pleads In vain, and Russia defies
their utmost efforts of destruction.
We will not pause to point out
that the Premier's reasoning was
usual sophistical. He could
have constrained Poland Into peace
by the simple process of ceasing to
aupply her with munitions. Aa tor
Russia, peace was what she craved.
!"One tenth ot tha troops that ws
are sending to Ireland would have
put Armenia out of danger. Mr.
George's picture is none the less
Impressive. He and hts colleagues
have so contrived that they need
unlimited force, on the Rhine, In
Dublin, ln Constantinople, In Mosul
And they begin to feel that the
stock at their command is limited.
Case Understated
I Given the policies to which the
varloua Allies are committed, we
think that Mr. Lloyd George, master of picturesque exaggeration
though he Is, has under-stated his
case. There la no force to apaxe.
The Allies chose to enforce a series
ot Intolerable Treaties. They knew
j very well that the signatures ot the
1 various vanquished Governments
meant only at that particular moment they could neither flght nor
face a fresh bout of starvation.
No one In Germany ever pretended
to bow to the Inevitable for any
other reason than that resistance
was Impossible. , Clearly, II om
' chooses to Impose a treaty of this
kind, one must be prepared for an
indefinite period of coercion. The
moment haa come when a freah
application of force will probably
be necessary. The German professional army stands at exactly
twice the figure fixed by th. Treaty, and we shall be very much surprised It the new Coalition, a much
more Conservative Government
than the laat, consents to disband
these 100,000 men, or has the power to do it, lf It wished. Our own
view has always been that the
creation of any professional army
was a mistake, and that a mllltla
. drawn from all classes would have
I boon a far surer guarantee of publlo order. In the actual state of
Germany the Government probably
speaks truly when lt saya that with
100,000 men and no more.lt could
not cope with the probability of a
Communist revolution. If it doea
mako the reduction, lt wtll only ba
because It relies on the various organisations ot middle-class volunteers who retain thoir arms, though
they h%ve been nominally disbanded, or else upon the men of the
Free Corps who are aaid to be
biding thetr time on the big
tates of the Pomeranian Junkers.
Disarmament then has to be Imposed upon Germany, and after
disarmament the indemnity. A
Government which already takes
half the national income in taxation, and adds to the floating debt
In one year a sum nearly equal to
this whole income, may be forced
to promise to pay an annual tribute of ISO millions sterling for a
generation to come. It cannot pay
Indemnities out of deficits. That
means, lf we read the French policy aright, more coercion, and the
forcible occupation of the customs
houses and the ports, or else of
the Ruhr coal field. We doubt
whether even the madder leaders
of the German military party would
attempt another war precisely at
this moment. But there may be
complications which would make
even that possible. If the Red armies wero to defeat the Poles so
thoroughly that a revolution followed at Warsaw, if "White" Hungary were ready for a simultaneous
adventure, if the Turks continue
to win victories, if Ireland and
Mesoptamla still hold the main
strength of the British army, is it
quite certain that the military
party might not mako a second
Kapplst 'coup d'etat and prepare
to follow It up with war?
The mnln Treaty, then, has still,
to he enforced in some Important
nnrtlculurs,   -" .   —   -
to be considered. At present we
hold Constantinople and the Greeks
have Smyrna. For the rest the
whole of Turkish Turkey Is under
the rule of Mustafa Kamel and the
Nationalists, who have won successes both against French and
British troopa* It ls said that M.
Venizelos has undertaken to re.
duce their opposition with an army
of 90,000 Greeks. If the Turka
have anything like a sufficiency ot
guns and munitions, they are not
likely to suiter a decisive ilefeat
In their own country at tha hands
of • Greek army, and the result
may be very different from what
M. Venizelos expects. Once more
the exeoutlon of an Intolerable Tre.
ty requires unlimited force. This
particular Treaty Is an accumulation of challenges, tt ends the
Caliphate tn any real sense of the
word. It endows the Greeks with
territory in Thrace", and round
Smyrna, whose population la tat
from being by majority Greek. It
Imposes on Turkey for all time the
unlimited flnanclal control of PoW'
ers which are at th. same time
taking hsr oil, her ooal, and her
rallwaya for themselves. The signature of the puppet Government
In Constantinople brings with lt
the submission only ot that olty,
and even If Mustafa Kamel can he
defeated, the need for force will
not be ended. This people will
have to be held down in submission,
The main difficulty as we see lt
Is that the mixed combination
wh[ph Is trying to hold half th.
European world by force, Is unable to lighten Its own load. Mr.
Lloyd George himself would -make
peace with Russia. When he seems
on the point of lt, It looks as if a
"push" from the great interests
who acquired concessions for minefields under, the Tsar may deflect
him Into making Impossible demands. The French, ' reckless
enough In most things, are realists
enough to know that one cannot
flght on every front at once. They
would keep their powder for the
Germans, and make terms with the
Turks. Mr. George's inclinations
carry him In the opposite direction,
He would spare the, Germans more
or less, but will not hear ot moderation towards the Turks. It is possible that he might have hesitated
to adopt a polloy of Incendiarism
towards Ireland. But then ho is In
the hands of cliques which have,
resolved on the reconquest ot the
island. The working of these
many forces makes only for confusion and violence. There is no
economy In force, and this Incoherent Alliance of Coalitions rushes along to adventures and provo,
cations to which its military re-
sources are inadequate. It will not
conciliate Ireland. It will not;
make life tolerable to the Germans. It will not envisage a de-|
ltt,
Indianlze Mesoptamla. It must)
keep Persia half within its Em-j
Dire. Either the French or the'1
British brand ot Imperialism would?
have made a difficult and danger-jl
ous world, but the two together ara
achieving miracles of provocation.
They are raising a ring of enemies
around us, some "Red," some
"White," some primitive Moslem,
but all united ln their sense that
th. rule of this Alliance Is Intolerable, Nowhere can we feel secure.
What Ireland is to-day,' India, tf
the spirit of Dyerlsm Is to triumph,
may be to-morrow.
The Allies set out to rule by force.
They dictated Treaties whloh could
only b. maintained by force. To
comnlete the strategic ruin ot their
enemies they appealed to the ex-
tremest statement of the doctrine
of nationality, only to rouse It ln
their own Empires against them.
selves. They ignored the Ideals of
the League ot Nations. They proclaimed their true alms ln thetr
seizure of the oil of Mesopatamia
and tho phosphates ot Nauru, They
have allowed the economlo ruin ot
Europe to go ao far that the elementary passions of hunger recruit th* opposition to their rule.
They are nearing a point at which
the whole colossal system of coercion ta itself an invitation to revolt Tht revolt will oome: lt has
corns: unless a halt Is called and
a atep taken In the true path, lt
will extend. And when lt comes la
there ono Power which can call
up a conscript army to enforce this
peace to end peacef
A Fitting Rejoinder
Judging from the following
which appeared ln a recent issue ot
The Campaigner, lt is not only Labor organisations that are under espionage:—
During the recent Winnipeg
trials, ono ot ths defendants ln
speaking on his own behalf to th.
Jury, addressed them timely:—
"Gentlemen ot the Jury, you aro
entitled, by the privilege ot your
present position, to send me to Jail,
I am not personally afraid ot a Jail
sentence. Better men than I hav*
been Jailed ln defence of righteous
causes. There was only one of the
Apostles who never was Jailed. He
was Judaa Iscariot."
During the said strike, a young
man called Rowell, apparently perfectly* flt for the 'fighting line,
through reason of his youth, but
who had preferred during the
'strenuous days' to go to parliament, waa appointed as head 'stool
pigeon' of the Dominion. He had'
the supreme audacity to send one
of his underlings, (who claimed hli
name waa McDonald), to Interview
the editor of thla magazine, presumably with a view to adding to the
burden of the taxpayers by having:
an additional Jailbird. The way it
waa done was as followa: .
A telephone message was received]
from this McDonald asking for Mr,]
Young, at the Campaigner MagaV
zlne ofllce. The name of the caller
was given as McDonald. In reply
to enquiries as to the nature of the
business this' socalled McDonald
wished to Intefview Mr. Young aM
bout, a reply was sent back over
the 'phone that it was entirely private, (did. not even wish to come
up to the offlce). This was before
any action had been taken by the
authorities regarding the O, B. U.
strike leaders. However, Mr. Young
met this McDonald, and spoko to
him. Practically the first thing McDonald asked Mr. Young was "whether ho favoured a Canadian republic or not?' Mr. Young asked this
so-called McDonald 'if he was giving his right name?' Tho Mac said
'yes.' Mr. Young thereupon told
him that his, (McDonald's) mother
ought to be ashamed of him.' It
later developed that this guy was a
'stool pigeon' of Mr. Rowell's. And
his wns the way they manufactured
PAQEFIVB
.(From The London Nation)
VV7   E  HAVE  read  muoh  more-]
" skllfull documents than the
curious epistle which Lenin has ad*
dressed to the British working
class. Clearly the equipment of this
formidable mind does not include
,an exact knowledge of British Labor. The purpose of the letter was,
one guesses, to promote a rift between the extreme Left of the Labor movement and its pfrfcseht moderate leaders. A revolutionary
movement must always begin in
that way. "Tour leaders," Lenin
says, or suggests, "are a set of simpletons, judging from some of the
specimens you have sent to Moscow. Imagine people who can
doubt, at this time of day( that the
Britiih Government fs sending munitions to the Poles." We confess
at this point at sharing Lenin's sen.
tlments. Labor leaders who ask for
more proofs of Mr. Churchill's complicity In the assaults upon the Russian Republic are past praying for.
If they still doubt, porhaps the
news that British munitions and
armored trains have been captured
at Kiev may help to convince them.
To do our Government justice, it
does not deny the fact; lt only quibbles about the dates. The •feroadur
Indictment in Lenin's letter is, to
our thinking, more provocative of
thought '^The leaders" (to paraphrase again) "whom you have sent
to see me, cannot pardon the Inhumanity incidental to a revolution.
We have executed some 8,000 persons; we avow it. But blinded by
custom and tradition, taught to accept things as they are, ^pur leaders refuse to see the colossal inhumanities of which the capitalist
system is guilty."
Caw Becomeo Stronger
That rough argument may be effective ob a demogogic appeal.
The worst of this case is, however,
that the more one attempts to
think precisely, the stronger does
tne case put by Lenin appear. -The
barbarities of the Russian revolu
tton are indisputable, though we
imagine that they have been exaggerated, and also that the Terror
came to an end, more or less, many
months ago. The only terror to-day,
in Russia, as Mr, Ben Turner put it,
Is hunger. Nor were these atrocities really a part of the doctrine.
They were the result of the barba-|
rism and Ignorance which had lingered in Russia under the long ob'
scurantlsm of Tsardom. They were
hot so much Bolshevist aa Russian
phenomena, for the "Whites," who
also are Russians, have behaved, so
far as we can gather, rather worse
tihan the "Reds." They are of
piece with the sabotage which the
Poles have perpetrated at Kiev. To
finite peace withi Russia. _tt »!*M*«ak bridges and destroy railways
have the oil of Mosul and Anglo^™^ «,.„„«.«  i.Dt>tm.»A mimnrv
_^^_^^____ ovidence for the 'benefit of demo-
There Is, next, Turkey "cracv.*  NufC sod.
ie, we suppose, legitimate military
'rightfulness, but to destroy the va-
tfe¥-supply of a city of 700,000 inhabitants, ln mid-summer, tn _ land
purged with epidemics, Js a barbarity which robs the perpetrators
of any claim to civilization. It has
been the practice of Denlkln's armies to perpetrate this sort ot ruin
at the expense of the water and
light supplies of Russian towns,
whenever they have been forced to
retreat
Capitalistic Phenomenon
It ts against this charge of sabotage on an infinitely greater scale
than this that the society to which
Lenin Is a rebel has to defend itself. He would begin (lt he went
no further baok) with the war. He
would laugh at any attempt to discriminate between the guilt of the
respective belligerents. The war, he
would say, whether you trace it to
Russo-German rivalries in the Near
East or to Anglo-German rivalries
for world-power and world trade,
was a capitalistic phenomenon. Let
who doubts It Scrutinize the con-,
crete war-alms of the two sides,
nakedly revealed as they have been
In the exploitation of the ex-German Island °f Nauru for British,
Australian and New Zealand profiteers. Those aims are coal-fields,
oil-fields, phosphates, trade-routes,
colonies, indemnities, handicaps for
the trade of the venqulshed. They
are all set out lh the Brest-Litovsk
the secret Treaties, and the
kpeace ot Versailles, and Its sequels.
We cannot take Lenin's advice to
mako a revolution to understand It,
for It oosts less to buy a copy of
the Versailles Treaty. This may be
contentious matter, and for our part
we think the strongest ease could
be based on an objective survey of
the octal policy followed Since November, 1918.
Many Escape*
The first clear Item Is the prolongation of the blockade of Germany tor nine months after the armistice. The maintenance of tho
blockade of Russia ls the second,
and and lt continues to this day,
Count the results of tho two measures In the lives lout, the lives
maimed and the birth prevented,
and one must say, that lf the Red
revolution slew Its thousands, the
Allied blockades have probably accounted for millions. For a generation to come whole populations ot
'stunted, defective, misshapen child'
fan, rickety and tuberculous, will
bear In their bodies tho marks of
theso blockades. That, if you will,
'was Incidental, temporary, a ghastly and passing error, and something
has been done to repair by Mr.
Hoover, the Quakers, and other humane people, who more or less accept the capitalist view of society.
But now turn to the more permanent results of peace. Here ia Vienna, so mishandled to suit the Allied
strategy for Central Europe, that
there are two deaths to one living
birth ln Its population. Next come
the German towns, existing on a-
.Jiout half the physiological ration,
and reckoning that if their popula.
flon could be reduced by about
welve millions, they might Just
contrive to live modestly.
Spreading to tho Victors
One has to begin by stating the
case tn this way, but the gravamen
of the oharge ls not that we have
been lacking in Christian charity
to an enemy. Christianity Is a rare
virtue—at least in a Christian
State. The main point is rather that
by a converging set of measures,
from the blockades to the treaties
and thc indemnity, we havo so
lamed the productive capacity of
Europe as to mnko a world-shortage which threatens Its entire population with soml-fatnlne, and the
reduction either of thc population
Itself, or else of its standard of life,
Europe lived on tho productivity of
German Industry. By one means
and another we have wrecked that
machine, nor, given the treaties,
does one see how Its wheels are
ever agin to rotate at the old tempo.
The phenomenon ls now becoming,
universal, and is spreading to the
Victors. Ah Italian Cabinet and a
Polish Cabinet both fell during last
Week over the question of the loaf.
Greed of Big Groups
We anticipate at this point a na-1
tural rejoinder. "Tou are saddling
capitalism," we may be told, "with
the romantic follies of the Kaiser,
the- fllghtiness of Mr. George, the
vindlctiveness of M. Clemenceau,
the maladroltness of Mr. Wilson,
the tete montee of Mr. Churchill,
Plenty of capitalistic heads on both
sides, from Lord Lansdowne and
Mr. Hoover, to Herr Erzberger and
Herr Dernburg, were sane during
most of the time." Grunted, but tt
ls no accident that the first set of
persohs and not the second had
the power. Moreover, on analysis,
we think It could be readily shown
that the motive for most of these
follies on both sides was the greed
of big groups of capitalistic producers. Why did Ludendorff destroy
the French coal-mines? To lame
a rival Industry, Why did we drive
German traders out of China, sequester their businesses, levy a ooal
tribute, refuse reciprocity of trading rights, and prolong the blockade? Was It hot for tbe same reason? Why did we attack Russia and
finance Denikin? To defend the capitalist system. The net result is
that the system itself, by Its record
in prolonging, If not also ln causing the war, and by Its misshaping
of the peace, haa thrown doubt on
Us own chief justification. It claims
to be the tine efficient method ot
ensuring the mass production of
vast quantities ot goods, which enable dense populations to live oh a
relatively high, level of comfort
The pacific Liberalism of the Victorian age, wtth Its Cobdenlte doctrine and tolerant habit of mind,
and wtth idealists like Gladstone
and Bright to Interpret tt, might
well have escaped this breakdown.
But the subsequent association of
finance Wtth the export of capital
has led to a nationalistic and Imperialistic phase of the dreadful
work which confronts us. It does
not produce the goods. Or rather,
tn Its" effort to promote, not production, but profit-making ln the
victorious land by destroying competitors, it over-reaches itself and
makes a world-shortage.
Answer Will Come From History
We have set out Lenfl's question,
and for the present we shall leave
It unanswered. The answer will
come from history, and we caunot
foresee It Some even of the &n-
thors of the calamities seem to
see what they have done, and try
fitfully to reverse lt. Mr. Lloyd
George, talking of fighting revolution with plenty, has a glimpse Of
the truth. But does he realise that
plenty hereaLs not enough.and may
in the end" be impossible? There
must be plenty also ln Russia, in
Pbland; In Germany, ln Italy. And
lf he does understand tt, can he
overcome the Churohllls, tha North-
ellffes, the Mtllerands, the PUsud-
skis? Time will show. It by no
means follows (and that is the real
tragedy of our case), because capitalism linked with Imperialism
lames the productivity of a continent, that Communism could do
any better. The flrst effects of any
revolution, even a far milder one
than Lenin's, would be to cheek
production and lower the standards
still further. That Is admitted quite
frankly In the abler writings ot
Communist theorists themselves,
That In the long run, with a fair
field, a Communist State might, by
an intensive improvement of education, by eliminating the waste of
competition, by suppressing luxury
trades, by playing on the motive of
social service in the workers themselves, vie with capitalist production and beat It ts a theoretic possibility, but no more. When we
watch the desperate expedients of
militarized labor and premiums for
hard work to which Russia Is reduced, we have our doubts.* In any
event there Is not the smallest risk
at preeent that any but a negligible
fringe of British Labor will feel
sure enough of the eventual success
of Communism to risk the certain
misery and shock of revolution.
But we do wish that It Were, as a
whole, more alive to the devastating
cruelties of Imperialist-capitalism
towards Ireland, towards Central
Europe, and towards Russia. The
choice Is probably not between Lenin's harsh and bleak Utopia and
the present vestibule of Hell, it Is
rather that Europe, unable to free
Itself from Its present phrase of decline, and too weak, or ton Bane, or
too divided, to gamble with the revolutionary alternative, may rot in
a death In life, spiritual as well as
material. The towns may dwindle;
millions may be weeded out; Industry and science be neglected; and
Europe survive as a crude and reactionary agrarian continent of Junkers and clerical peasants, cured at
once of ambition, of learning, and
civilisation.
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51-Haiti
est—51
If Jim Larkin is a "dirty Irish
agitator" as he was called upon hts
arrival at the prison to which he
has been transferred, maybe it's, because ha was trying to clean up
the capitalist system.
Don't forget OUR adversers.
UNION HANI
In thst dsrk kear whea lynpsthr tad
bnt service «ml se mck—ttfl ap
Mont Pleauat UrietUkfrCfc
ass xnKWWA*, VAxcoorn
Paris.—Leon Jouhaux, president
of the confederation Generate du
Travail (General Federation of
Labor) has defied the French government to carry out Its threat'of
dissolving that body. "The C.G.T.
haa emerged from the recent
strike with Its moral authority un<
diminished," he said. "The best
retort to the claim of a capitalist victory over us Is the fact that
on the very morning of the strike
the publio employees decided to
join hands with their fellow-
workers ln privately owned Industries and become Incorporated In
the C.G.T., thus following the example of the teachers and the
postal workers,"
Through a typographical error
the numbor of railroaders represented by delegates at the Chicago O. B. U. convention was made
to read 4,000. The correct number was 40,000.
J. Stevenson, who has been carrying on tho duties of socrotary of
tho O. B, U. at Prince Oconee, has
resigned nnd gone back to Victoria,
where It is expected that he will
soon bo lh harness again.
If|you don't like, tho socialist
philosophy, for the love of Mike
don't read socialist literature.
Head any Vancoover daily paper,
that Is about as strong a1 mental
stimulant as you can stand.
Bo sure to notify tho post ofllce
as Boon as you change your addresa.
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Address all communications with respect to subs and advts., to
HARRY WILLCOCKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor should
ke addressed to J. HOUSTON, same address.
tu Twsntj Tun we km luued tbls Union Stomp fer uh oadar oor
yOLUNTARY  ARBITRATION CONTRACT
OUB STAMP INSURES:
Peaceful CoUietln.Bargaining
FoiWdi Both Strikes and Lockouts
XHipntw Settled fcjr Arbitration
Steady Employment aad Skilled WnkmaneUp
Prompt Deliveries to Dealers and Public
Peace and Success to Workera and Bttployan
Prosperity of Sboa Making Communitlei
As loyal union men and women, wt aek
yon to demand aboea bearing tbe above
Union Stamp ou Sole, Insole or Lining.
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
Idt SUMMER STREET, BOSTON, MASS.
OIB.Ut.1j, Ouinl PiesUeat.   Outla, L. Balne, Peters! Sm.-T.mi.
Vancouver Unions
TAHCOUVKB   TRADES   AMD   LABOB
COUNCIL—Pmiiut, V. R. MUfltr;
tke^prMldsnt, J. Marshall: iecretary, J.
A. Cuspb.ll; tressurer,   J.   8b.w; ,et-
Biat-.t-.nns, E.King; trustees. W. A.
itebard, J. 8. llerson, J. M. Cl.tk, A.
1. Wilson. Meets lit snd Srd Wedsee-
days each month at Fender Hall, Fender
Mreat Wist.     	
 PMHTIHO   TBADIS   OODH-
ell—Heatt seeead Mondw la lbe
Bulk. Presldsnt, 3. t. McCoaa.ll; lae-
wtarr. «■ H. SutanU, P. 0. Boi tt.
■ridoi sthuotdkai, obnamental
aad Belaforad Ironworkers, Loeal 01
•-MeeU seeond aad foarth Mondsrs.
fntldaal Jas. Hsatlnfs; (inanclal a.e-
fstarr sad tnaranr, Ber Massecar, Boom
til Labor Temple.
■KS1NEEB8 EMPLOYED III THE
lAmber Industry (camp snd mill)
BMt witb f.Uow worken In thit Indus-
try. OrfSBlM Into tho Lumber Workert
ladnstrial Union ol tb. 0. B. U. Head-
fsartan, 61 Cordova St. W-, Vancouver.
Pkone Ber- 7858. .	
•BXIBAL WOBKBBV UMT, 0. B. 0.—
Meets every 2nd and ttb Wednesdays
h tke montb. Pre.., A. J. Wilson. Bee.-
Inat., 3. B. Cunpbell, Fender Hall, Fender Stnet Wost. Hours, » a.m. to <
jje. Pbone Bey. Ml. '
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OP
Aueries, Local No. 178—Meeting, held
fint Moud.y ln each montb, 8 p.m. Pros-
idont, A. R. G.tenby; Tlce-proKldent, D.
Lawson; recording aeeretary, C. McDonald, P. 0. Box 508, Phone Seymonr
I281L; financial secretory, T. Teinpleton,
P. 0. Box 608.
c
Provincial Unions
VIOTOEU, tU 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES
and Labor ConneU—Meeta irst ud
third Wcdneadays, Knights oi Pythlaa
Ball, North Park Street, at I p.m. Preildent, E. 8, Woodward; vice-president,
A. 0. Pike; secretary-treasurer, Christian
Slrerti, P. 0. Bos 803, Vietoria, B. 0.
PBDtCE ITOgCT. B. 0.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 328—
Meeta laat Sunday o! aaeh month at
I p.m.   Preaident,   A.   I.   Robb;   tIm-
preeldent, 0. H. Collier; secretary-trees-
- orer, R. H. Neelanda, Boi M,	
HOTEL AND BESTAURANT Elf
ployees, Loeal 38—Meete erery second
Wedneeday In the month at 2:80 p.m.
ud «T«ry fourth Wednesday in the month
Oi 1:10 pjn. President, John Cummings,
•MVttary ud businoss agent, A. Oraham.
OMee ud meeting hall, OU Pender Bt.
W.   Phone Bey. 1881.    Offlce houra, 8
Mt. te 6 pM.
liUMBER AND CAMP WORKERS' IN-
dustrlal Uult of the One Big Union—
An induetrial union of all workers in log-
ling and construction camps. Coast District and Oeneral Headquarters, 81 Cordova Bt. W., Vancouver, B. C. Phone Sey.
M56. X, Winch, general secretary-
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Maedonald k Co., Vancouver, B. C; auditors, Messrs. Bntter k Ohleno, Vancouver, B. 0.
bfTERNATIONAIi LONGSHOREMEN'8
Aesoeiatlon, Loeal 88-53—Office and
haU, 163 Oordova Bt. W. Meets flrst;
Ud third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, Thomaa Nixon; business agent,)
Voter Sinclair.
MARINE FIREMEN k OILERS UNIT of
lho 0. B. U. meet In their union ball
tt IU Cordova St. W., every First and
third Wednesday In tbe mouth. President V. Owens; vice-pre*Ident, D. Carlin;
iecretary, Earl King. Phone Sey. 8698,
MILLWORKFRH   EMPLOYED "IN   THK
Lumber Industry, organise into the L.
:   W. I.  U. of the 0. B.  U.    Mlllworh-
era, branches meet as follows:
Jrueomver—Lumber  Workers'  headquar-
r.   ten, 81 Cordova St. W.  Every Monday
'" ■ pjn.
Mew weatminster—Labor Hall. cor. Royal
|fi Ato. and 7th St. Snd and 4th Wednee*
' I daya at 8 p.m.
fraeer Mills—Old Moving Picture Thea-
;    tre, Maillardville.   2nd and .lth Thuraday, I p.m.
Fort  Moody—Orango Hall,  2nd Friday,
overy month, at 8 p.m.
WSS, MILL AND SMELTER WORK-
era' Unit of the One Big Union, Metal-
•Ueroma Minora—Vancouver, B. C, head-
•uartere, 81 Cordova Street West. Al)
.workers engaged In thta Indastrj
Uged to loin thi ~
lha Job. Don't «
awganlts yourself.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LA*
bor Council—Meeta aecond and fourth
Tuesdays of each month, In Carpentera'
Hal). Preeldent, 8. D. McDonald; vice-
president, A. Ellis; secretary, Geo: Wad*
dell, Box 378, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
PRINOE RUPERT CENTRAL LABOB
COUNOIL, 0. B. U.—Meete every Tuesday in tbe Mclntyre Hall at 8 pjn. Meetings open to all 0. B..U. members: Seoretary-treasurer, J. H. Burrough, Box 888,
Prince Rnpert, B. 0.
EXCEPTIONS MADE IN
HUNGARIAN BOYCOTT
Union     Workers    WUl     Handle
Freight Sent to Needy of
     try
j the Union before goln
pon'twalt to be organised, but
oing on
e
KTTERN MAKERS' LEAOOE OF
North America (Vucouver ud violn-
/)—Branch meeta aecond ud fourth
_Joadaya, Room 304 Labor Temple. Presl-
*t*t, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
.vucouver; Inanclal aeoretary, E. God*
lard, ttO Richards Btreet; recording secretary, 3. D. Russell, 928 Commercial
Drive,    phono High. 3204H.
fULP, PAPER AND SULPHITE WORK-
era—Vou need the Camp Workers of
Mur Industry, Tbey need you. Organise
together In the 0. B. U. Indutsrlal Unit
Ot yur occupation. Delegates on every
lab, or write the District Headquarters,
81 Cordova St. W., Vancouver. Entrance
jee, $1.00; monthly dues, $1.00.	
jIHIPVAftD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
Faateaers,    I.L.A*   Local   Union   88A,
aVriea ft—Maata lha Snd and 4th Fridays
Bf tha month,  Labor   Temple,   •
rrealdent, William May lor; flnaneial
tetary and bualneaa agent,  M.   *"
BResponding aeerelarr,  W.  Lei
wm 207 Labor Temple,	
Street and  electric  railway
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101
•-Hatta A. O. F. Hall, Mount Pleaiar'
Iat ud Srd Mondaya at 10.15 a.m. and i
p.m.    Pnaldent,   R.   Bigby;   recording
Seretary, F. B. Grifln, 447—8th Avenue
iat; tffuurar, F. uldaway; lunelal
secretary and bualneaa agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4806 Dumfries Street; office corner
Prior ui Main Btt.  Phone Fair. 8804 B.
Budapest
(By the Federated Press)
Vienna—Although the Social Democratic Trade Unions are determined to make the boycott of reactionary Hungary, declared by the
International Federation of Trade
Unions and begun June 20, as effective as possible In order to force
out the government headed by Ad
miral Horthy, they have made one
exception to their order to the railroad men not to handle any freight
bound for Budapest.
The Permanent Committee of
Right Conduct of the Boycott has
ordered that the American flour being sent to feed the poor children
of thc Hungarian capital be allowed
to pass unmolested. The same order applies to four carloads of gifts
sent from Sweden to the poor of
Budapest.
Representatives of Soviet Russia and China have entered into an
agreement on the exchange of
goods. Freedom of transportation
Is guaranteed. The Chinese supply
Russia with leather, sewing thread
and tea In exchange for articles of
prime necessity.
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A reliable Regulating PHI for Women, 85
a box. Sold at al) Drug Stores, or mailed
to any address on receipt of price. Tha
Scobell Drug Co., St. Catherines, Ontario.
PHOSPHONOLforMEN
Restores Vim and Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; increases "gray matter;" a Tonle
—will build you op. |3 a box, or two for
15, at drug stores, or by mall on receipt
of price. Tha Scobell Drug Co., St. Oath*
ariose, Ontario.
C. HOLDEN CIGAR STAND
IB Hastings St. E.
0. B. U. OABD
Patronise Those Wba Patronlaa Tont
l|Big Ben
CHOCOLATE SHOP
1N.KBNAT10NAL JKWKLKY WORK
era' Ualon—Maata 2nd and 4th Frl-
daya, IOS Labor Temple. President, W.
Wilson, 3389 Oranvllle Street; secretary.
t. T. Kelly, 1850 Hastings St. E.; re-
eerdimg-seeretery, L. Holdsworth, 539—
+aa± Bt. W., North Vancouver,
847 DAVIE SI'.
Ballard's Furniture Store
1024    MAIN    STBEET
Phona Seymoar 8197
Wo will ..eichange your second hud
furniture for new.   A square deal or
your money back.
The low-browed troglodyte of remote history has, through ages of
evolution arrived at a state of development that to the many may
appear as- almost the zenith of
human attainment. Today, mankind Is an Intellectual giant In comparison to our prehostoric forefathers, but vast difference though
there be, the civilized being of today will appear as a mental pygmy
besldeethat being who may dwell
upon this earth ln a thousand years
I hence. Owing to the countless
methods of mechanical and sclenr
tiflc production, man will evolve ln
a greater degree of celerity than
heretofore, As all great systems
disappeared, so will this present
system, through He own' development.
Capitalism has been pregnant
with great discoveries, great Inventions and wonderful achievements
—and monstrous atrocities, the Incentive for such being competition
ln and for world's markets.
•To the tollers of this capitalistic
world the road has been one of
hard and merciless subjugation, exploited, tortured and murdered In
tens of thousands by a class who
were compelled by economic forces
to do so.
However, the end of this capitalist method of production is upon
the horizon of this turbulent sea
that Is swaying this universe and,
Uke feudalism, will disappear and
give place to the next moulder of
destiny.
Capitalism Creative.
We must not overlook the fact
that capitalism has created countless Incentives for knowledge. It
has created the Incentive to analyze
the cause of poverty, commodity
production, etc. It has created an
incentive, which, upon the surface
appears noble and humane; that of
relieving poverty, but would It not
be a greater ond nobler achievement to eradicate and obliterate
from the face of the earth, aye,
from the mind of man this Incentive to relieve poverty; In short, to
hurl such an atrocious state of af-
fairs as poverty into the dark recess of forgotfulness.
A tree that yields diseased fruit
should be cut down—root and
branch. No remedy—no reform
will produce wholesome fruitage.
Poverty is a diseased fruit of capitalist society. Accordlhg to capitalistic law, a being, who possesses
no money Is not entitled to live—
and here Ib a paradox with which
society Is grossly redundant—yet if
this wretch attempts to end his or
her miserable existence, they are
subject to arrest, Summed up, the
law decrees that it Is a crime to live
and It also decrees that It fs a crime
to die. But, someone may say that
the law does not say that It ls
crime to live. Is It not a fact that
vagrancy and pauperism are punishable by imprisonment, either in
a jail or poorhouse 7
In all the various epochs of
human development there never
was a time when clear-sighted and
deep-thinking men and. women
were needed so much as today.
We are existing in a period of
great changes—revolutions,
Reverberating across the boundless track of time goes up a cry,
a cry which to the few sounds as a
clarion, clear and strong, but to the
many but the faint murmur of a
mysterious force incomprehensible
in its echo.
It Is the call of the intellect; li
is knowledge and truth beseeching
and seeking a vent wherein to ex-'
press itself. II is that inner consciousness that Is striving to get
free from the blanket of darkness
and mental suppression that has for
long enwrapped the human
mind.
It fs the voice of freedom, without Which all Incentives will die and
progress will never be born.
The few have to a somewhat
greater degree asserted their power
of reasoning and are attempting to
develop that greatest of human
gifts—the intellect. They are demanding the right to think, and In
thinking, to develop that mind
spark that separates them from the
lower animals, so that they, In the
future may say we are no longer
a beast of burden, we are human
beings. We possess Intellect. We
aro builders. We are constructive
—not destructive.   We are—men,
In spite of all achievements, In
spite of what Is termed "culture,
society Is based upon a system
more vile and degrading.than ever
before In human history.
The question arises. Why ts this?
With one word we can answer
this question.   	
Greed—nothing more, nothing
less.
The present method of production Is the cause of all the untold
agony and degradation that exists.
Based upon the exploitation of
human beings, it cannot be otherwise.
AU the reforms In Christendom
cannot lighten the burden that
rests so heavily upon the tollers of
the world.
Reforms Aggravnlo.
Reforms, in fact, aggravate and
promulgate nothing but falsities,
permeating the human mind with
.hope, never realized, ever renewed,
but which to the undeveloped
mind—the Ignorant, shines forth, a
star of misguidance, leading them
on, they know not where, but towards a goal that has a glowing
realism only in their distorted
Imagination.
From all sides can be discerned
the beckoning hand of knowledge—
of human emancipation; but, man
has yet his eyes to the ground.
Is the time yet unripe for man
to cast aside forever the shackles
that bind him In economic bond-1
age? Does he not possess the determination born of knowledge to
lift up his head and gaze fearlessly
Into the fast glazing eyes of a
dying cult, a degenerate code of
what Is termed law—a mlnotaur?
oblivion, the sordid desires and In- same   minds utilized   their genius
_ *-. -   -*..-*- ""'and knowledge In a more humane
direction, would it not have been a
greater achievement?
famous mandates which are the
very breath of life to this poison-
ous growth—the present system of
production, that fs putrefying all
the noble and manly attributes that
nature bequeathed to him?
The entire world fs aflame with
madness—money madness.
Today every thought, every act,
has a foul Incentive, the fruit of a
sordid inhuman endeavor.
Mankind think only in terms of
"How Much," two little words that
demlnate all human "principles,"
creating of them a bastard spawn,
inflicted with thoughts that, could
only emanate ■ from a corrupted
brain.
A child, as soon as it ls able to
comprehend, Is taught that It* is
wrong to steal, that ft is wrong to
take anything unless it Is paid for
In money. The young are taught
to cultivate and cherish the poisonous germ of "money lust." In the
school and everywhere else lt is
brought face to face with Innumerable "ideals" that ln reality are
based upon a foul and rotten foundation.
Young. Minds Tainted.
Tainted as it is with all that Is
Immoral and nothing that is moral,
the young mind, fertile soil tn
which to plant the seed of human
principles and practice, Is Inoculated with the germ of corruption,
thus incapacitating its mental development along the path of truth
and progress.
The mere fact that there ia an
Incentive to steal Is proof positive
that society as at present constructed, Is based upon an unsafe
foundation. Why should there be
an Incentive to steal?
.Progress under capitalism means
to a great many, a profitable business; to the toiler an increase fn
wages and to those Institutions
called "governments" a huge navy,
an Immense army, and all the ma<
chlnery of state In all Its glorious
array of cunning enactments that
perpetrate and perpetuate the idea
into the mind of the people, that
they themselves are the rulers; In
short, progress today means a more
advanced method of commodity,
production and exploitation.
The richer the rich, the poorer
the poor.
The above Is progress tn a sense,
as It is the course of development,
but, fs it humane progress? The
human body is attacked by some
deadly disease and slowly and
surely it spreads Itself, developing
Into a plague that sweeps the country, this too is progress.
No matter from what aspect tin
situation fs viewed, there ls not one
redeeming feature in the whole'
fabric of capitalism. We have been
told that it was a necessary state
before we could develop into other
channels. It was and is necessary,1
simply because It Is In existence.
Anything that occurred, any state
of society that presented Itself, was
necessary, or It could not have evidenced itself. Conditions are the
prevailing dictator that determined
that there should be a capitalistic
state.
Cannot Blame Capitalist ClnBs.
We cannot blame the capitalist
class, but we can at least be unkind
enough to criticize. They, who
long have been living ln an atmosphere of pomps, principal and
Pomeranian pups, of Idleness
therefore morbidly sensual, are devoid of anything but the ability to
play tennis, collect charity, or hold
receptions; such like diversions as
these being merely their moral and
mental "safety valves," where they
can odcasiQ.nally "blow off," otherwise they would become mentally
Incapable of even performing the
few tricks they term "culture."
They attempt, by all the methods
In their power, to coerce and repress all progressive moves made
by the toller. Repression, however,
is but a rubber ball that ls aimed
at the bulwark of social and economic evolution, that ever with renewed energy and potency reverts
back upon the heads of the oppressors; and, with astounding effectiveness, promotes what one
might term the "esprit de corps" of
they that toll. "Repression,
cording to President Wilson, "ls the
seed of revolution
The incentive for war ls rooted
In commerce. Foreign markets,
trade routes, territorial expansion,
these are the objectives aimed at.
The incentive to the youth of all
capitalistic nations to take up arms
Is based upon the dogma with
which they have become impregnated. Having been taught a false
concept, of what Is termed patriot-
Ism, they are easily convinced as to
their "duty." They fight, they
bleed, they die; all for a false Ideal,
a myth that ts terrible In its
enormity.
A glorious victory,. Indeed! The
only glorious victory ls a victory
of man's finer feelings over his
baser animal passions and madness,
which Is based upon lust and Ignorance. A victory o/ one nation
over another merely means that
Mars has, once again cojolntly with
Moloch and Mammon been victorious, and that blood lust has once
again robed itself In false raiment
and seduced the mind of the people. Such awful cataclysms as the
"Great" War are based upon corn
rupted Incentives which array all
the' demoniacal forces tn man
against human principles and with
their reeking lust for blood—honqf
and glory It ls misnamed; sweei)
through this fair earth desecrating
No.
War Is Held,
Much as the world may sing
of the glories of war, the fact remains that "war Is hell." Two
maddened wolves that have smelt
blood, fly at one another's throats,
tearing their entrails asunder, one
of them is killed and the victor
goes slinking away covered with
the blood of the dead and the living. This was also a "glorious'
victory, was it not?
To those who deem war an essential to progress then they are to be
more pitied than hated. Apart
from the numerous discoveries
brought about by the Great War,
let us see what Impress tt has left
upon the mind of the people.
It has changed the whole soclat
and economic status of the female.
Today we see girls and young
women invading Industries that a
few years ago we would have considered outrageous. We see the
daughters of men shedding their
maidenly propriety and casting
away that attribute that men,
manly men, look upon us something almost sacred—womanliness.
They are being lured, through the
competitive 'system, to enter into
Industries that, if perpetuated, will
carry them into the "halls of
Bacchus," where the very atmosphere fs reeking with- the virus of
licentiousness. What would be the
result? Where will lt lead? Will
it lead into a calamitous descent of
sexual and moral degeneration?
Will the children of such a state
of society know their own fathers?
I cost no reflection upon the
mothers to be, for what they become wtll be dictated by the system
In vogue.
Will prostitution become the
dominating profession? Time will
answer these questions; questions
that the many of today will mould
the answer upon the future pages
of hiBtory.-
War, to some, may appear as a
blessing sent down by a Divine Providence to show us the error of our
ways, but, the .fact remains, that
we do not have to explore the
celestial regions to discover the Incentive for war, neither do we need
journey to the abode of satan to
seek a preventative of war.
Invention and act have received
encouragement along certain lines,
which, to the eyea that do not observe, appear beautiful and something tb be proud of. Submarines,
bombs, machine guns and countless
other ingenious inventions, all
added their uses to the furtherance
of what is termed "progress.1* No
matter whether It be some really
useful Invention, such as wireless
'telegraphy, or modern methods of
locomotion; they, one and all are
turned to vile usage; ever and anon
being used as a means to extract
and distort human energy for the
benefit of they that rule.
..July  23,   1921
all that ls to the best Interests of
human progress. If war Is necessary to progress, then let us say
from the uttermost depths of our
heart, "We want no progress."
According to Professor Branley,
who is a member of the Institute of
France and discoverer of the
Hertzian waves, "scientific progress
In the next 30 years will make the
next war a holocaust analogous to
the one wc have just sustained, but
an Incomparable quicker massacre."
Numerous mortals, looked upon
as great minds, have given their
life-time energies writing books
upou war strategy; others devizing
and Inventing more efficient
engines of destruction and various
other discoveries such   as   germs,
Dare he not hurl into the sea of I tiro  and  poison  gas.   Had   these
What Is Art?
What Is art? What Is song? A
patriotic song fs a song of servile
submission to a "superior," an incentive to develop the germ of
hatred; hatred of a "foreign" nation, therefore an "inferior" nation.
Boasting of a powerful navy or
army—widow makers—profit takers, truly It ls something to sing
about—power, might, shekels.
Such are the effects of a system
that ls lacking in that most vital
essential to human progress—free-
dom, both of body and mind. j
Today the only Incentive from
the capitalistic point of view ts
"profit," and from the point of view
Of the toller "necessity" Is the incentive—dire necessity. These
combined facts should be sufficient
to convince; even the most prejudiced that such Incentives will, as
the system evolves, plunge humanity Into the vilest depths of demoralization. On the one hand we
have the ruling class whose self-
styled "culture Is born of the prostituted energy both mental and
bodily, of men, women and children; and, on the other, we have
the "wage slave" whose only hope
(ambition they have none) In life
ls to secure to himself and his
brood of budding slaves, a full
belly.
Hendrick Fitch In his "Physical
Basis of Mind and Morals," says
in regard to man's progress, "Consider further the comparative daily
life of man and that of the animal-
Men seem to have '■ done and are
now doing Instinctively those things
that are concrete and are not beyond their capacity. The great bulk
of organized society confine themselves to agriculture, commerce,
manufacturing—to money making
ln general. All these pursuits have
reference to the support, housing
and adornment of the body, and require the least amount of brain
energy. That is, the great bulk of
the peoeple are spending there lives
In doing in a little higher degree,
just what the lower animals are
doing in a less degree." Now and
again, certain great minds, great
thinkers, shine forth far transcending ln intellectual brilliancy the
mental numbers of the many. Such
master minds as Socrates, Plato,
Marx and Darwin, with a host of
fithers, have laid bare the posslbll-
tlcs of what man can-achieve, of
whnt man can develop within himself wero ho allowed the right of
social and economic freedom. The
mental jailer—wage dom that de<
tiles freedom to the dormant reasoning faculties within man, must
be completely eradicated, • before
the primary history bf the human
race can be superseded by one of
higher plane. It iB to such great
minds aforementioned that we can
point for proof of the fact that the
human race Is, not far removed
from thc status of the lower animals. -They have, one might say,
rnlsed the veil from the face' of
knowledge, giving all who will a
fieotlng glimpse of truth, creating
n the mind of the thinker, the
Impetus and incentive for knowledge enabling them to see, act and
voice, what to the many, seem but
thc ravings of a sterile brain. Their
eyes saw above and beneath the
sordid desires of merely struggling
to at'Mn wealth.
* The present system has. In spite I
of  all  questions   to  the  contrary,
promoted an utter disregard for all
questions wherein the benefit of
humanity Is concerned... It has developed an Individualism of hypocrisy, based upon selfishness and
self, and has cast upon the human
brain a mantle of illusions, permeating the mind with half-truths
that are more dangerous than deliberate lies. It has promulgated
war, pestilence, poverty, and
through these agencies has Inoculated -the mind of the unintelligent,
with evil thoughts, dominant of
which Is the lustful craving for
something that Is the rightful possession of all—the means of life—
to live. With such a state of conditions, how can the human race
progress along the road of human
achievement?
The tollers of the earth think aB
they do, because they are "slaves"
and being such, their brain ts dominated by the stinging lash of
necesesslty, which moulds their
thoughts to their masters' will, creating of them docile, obedient
slaves, ever ready and willing for
the call of "duty" when comes to
them the sound of their master's
voice.   They possess a servile brain
Thought being the dominant
force behind all progress, what in
centlve to progress does a slave
possess? They merely function as
a machine to produce commodities,
to work, sleep and eat. Watch the
toiler at his or her daily labors.
What do we see? Autamatons,
that is all. The brain Is in a state
of hypnotic somnolence.
Progress Shackled.
Progress! The very atmosphere
Itself ls shackled. Does a chimneysweep have any Incentive to study
and philosophize on the merits of
Grecian architecture; or delve into
the mysteries of Shakespearian
drama? He has neither time or
money, therefore no Inclination to
do anything other than to sweep
chimneys. He ls mentally nnd tn
every sense of the word, engulfed
tn the darkness of "soot-ology."
This example applies to all conditions of toll; It Is but the outcome
of this capitalist method of production.
There ls not an incentive under
this system, even though it be
some apparently worthy ideal, but
what at its roots there grows the
poisonous canker of greed and hypocrisy, permeating all good intentions with Its blighting breath.
Why ls this? It can best be
answered by asking one who gives
to the poor, the starving, do so
with a guilty conscience; or do
they give with a sense of pride and
pleasure? They are but returning
stolen fruit
Under a system, based upon the
co-operative ownership of means of
wealth production; where the
bread and butter proposition is no
longer a problem, where the mind
of man can be focusscd on other
objectives than—jobs, where the
talent and genius that ts latent in
man is given' every incentive to
assert Itself; ln comparison, the
achievements laid to the door of
the capitalist system would appear
as encumbrances. Considering that
everything would be socially owned and controlled and made for
use, the incentive to produce something useful, something beautiful,
would be the earnest desire of all.
To outdo one another ln human
achievement; which, not being based upon "profit", but upon the joy
and enthusiasm of doing, for the
good of humanity. Promoting a
competition of human principles
and attainment based upon a true
Individualism, which would be
born of In Incentive wherein the
welfare of society would be the
dominant factor. Such a philanthropic state" can never be born,
until the human race demands the
free use of Its birthright—the right
to think, and thinking to act In
harmony one with the other as
human beings and not merely a
means to produce wealth. . i
No Incentive to Rob.
Repression and exploitation un
der capitalism may have been the
motive force that propelled the hu
man brain into almost superhuman
achievements, war may have been
the very life blood itself to progress; but, the definition of what
means progress will ultimately also
change.
"Necessity," it ls said, "Is the
mother of invention;" being so, un-
der a Socialistic regime, necessity
would no longer give birth to the
ideas and incentives with which
she Was pregnant under capitalism.
For example, the Incentive to exploit slaves, to rob, to commit
wholesale murder, would have .no
functional purpose; for, everything
being socially owned, tho incentive
to resort to the above could not
be born; rather would It lighten the
burden of all, enabling man to
give part of his leisure time to the
furtherance of progressive reasoning, which would be given evefy
encouragement to develop.
Conditions under which we live
determine the ideas which permeate the mind; forming certain fixed Ideas that are termed by the
many as "human nature." It Is
"human nature" today to be Jealous of one's success, tt is."human
nature" to be sorry for the poor,
It Is "human nature" to believe lies
and to disbelieve actual facets, but,
the fact remains that "human nature" Is due for a change. Under
Socialism there would be no Incentive for charitable institutions,
therefore no necessity to give to
the poor. There would be no incentive for world wars therefore
no necessity to sing of the glories
of battle. There would be no Incentive to Bteal food, therefore no
necessity to Imprison vagrants, or
to confer titles on fond profiteers.
There would be no Incentive for
prostitution, therefore no necessity to practice lt. Remember, long
suffering reader, I said no "necessity." Today prostitution is necessary, and the guilty ones are not
the wealthy, not the poor; in fact
no living group of persons arc responsible. The guilty one Is—the
method of production—to the door
of this monster can bc traced tho
Incentive for this commercialized
vice, that ls hurling into the soul
rending fires of earthly hell the
budding womanhood that ore our
sisters.
There is, however, one bright star
shining forth from the capitalistic
firmament, a star that Is flashing
Its message far and near, and—
The Wise Men came from the East,
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TO
Australian Workers Realize That Fixed Wages
Are Useless
The workers of Australia are
realizing, in common with the
workers of other countries that
the solution of Industrial unrest
does not rest in securing higher
wages as a means to catch up with
the Increasing cost of living. It
Ib.being borne home to them that
this system of following around
the vicious "circle is one that results In ghastly failure. Today,
their every home produces the
evidence of the relentless logic and
dire consequence of the pursuance
by the workers of this antlquatd
and elusive method of working-
class emancipation from wage-
slavery. Despite all the labor
legislation that has been afforded
them in the shape of wage boards,
arbitration, et al., no material relief has been afforded them In
their fight against capitalism.
That Is why lhe werkers in
Australia are today, realizing the
foolishness, and hopelessness of
the orthodox systems as a means
to solving the economic battle that
confronts them at every turn.
They see, at last, that a contlnu
ance of the wage-lifting system as
a means of combating the increasing cost of living ls sheer madness
—that as a means of getting them
out of the economic slough of
despond It is useless.
The lessons driven home to'
them by the remorseless raising
of prices is fast driving them to
seriously take stock of the whole
position. They are learning, perhaps slowly, but surely, that'the
only way by which they can.secure any amelioration of their
present-day conditions is by securing the control of the industries in which they toll. They
are realizing that by this syBtem
and every means of livlihood.
they can control markets, prices,
That accounts for the present
move In Australia towards Industrial control, which though yet In
the embroyo state, will assuredly
function into reality In the near
future.
A good start has been made by
the Now South Wales Labor party,
which had as one of its political
planks the control of. industry by
the workers who toll therein.
Now that the Labor party has secured control In that country, it
is losing no time in making a
start in the way Indicated. ' In
several of the state-owned industries, the workers are to be given
a  voice  ln  the  management  and
control of the industries and will
elect from their ranks one of their
own fellow-workers to sit on the
board of management which wtll
control the industry. In a couple
of them the government is even
now arranging the machinery
whereby this can be done, and In
the case of the railways and tram-,
ways of the state (which are government monopolies) It Is to be
put Into operation at the earliest
possible moment.
Sam Gompers' policy of rewarding the friends of labor and slapping Its enemies looks like a fizzle,
as labor has no friends, and those
that are not Its friends are Its
enemies.
mM
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Don't  forget  the  O.B.U.
at Kitsllano Beach Sundny.
for tho kiddles,
picnic
Sports
Hand the Fed. to your shopmate
when you are through with lu
Drudgery or Success—
Which do you choose (or your child's future?
(| As a Union Man, or wife of a Union man, you
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Your young son or daughter simply MUST be
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Fall Term Starts August 30th
REULAR NIGHT CLASSES
SUCCESS BUSINESS COLLEGE
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Corner Main and Tenth.     Telephone F ly Z")% FRIDAY... July 23,  1920
no. so    TUe. Ultima. CObUMbx^    EDERATIOJNIST     v^ncouvhr, b.c.
faujs am eai
Hunter-
Henderson
Paints
642-Granville Street-642
HELP ALONG! Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Hue They Aie, Indexed for Ton .
lit. Dillon llu, Out Tlil» Out ua aire Jt to Tour Wifo
Banks
Bonk of Toronto, Haatinga A Cambie; Victoria, Merritt and New Westminster.
Boyal Bank of Canada, 12 Branches in Vaneonver, 29 in a 0,
Bicycles
Tisdalls Limited. - : —,     618 Haatings Street Weit
| J. A. Flott...,..- ,.v__„......,_...—..... —Hastings Street West
. : X '"■'v Billiards .
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms) - Hastings Street East
Boots and Shoes
Goodwin Shoe Co.,..
   119 Hastinga Street East
Ingledow Shoo Sto*e.-.„ . — i . 666 Gipnville Street
JoKnslen'it Big Shoe House j 409 Hastings W.
"K" Boot Shop  „..  319 Hastings Stroet Weat
Pierre Paris „„. , .64 Hastings Street West
Wm. Diek Ltd.  ,   , Hastings Street East
Vancou ver Co-operative  41 Pender Street West
MacLachlan-Taylor Company 63 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros. ' .s  66 Hastings W.
Cafes
Golden Gate Cafe Hastings Street East
O. B. U. Model Cafo 01 Cordova Street West
Orpheum Cafe - . Opp. Orpheum Theatro
Chiropractors
Dr. Isaac Poole, P. S..C. graduate  509 Richards St.
jWilhird Coatcs 30-32 Burns, Bldg., 18 Hastings Street West
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold & Quigloy...   646 Granvillo Street
damans, Ltd 1S3 Hastings Street West
Clubb & Stewart....'. „ ;.....' 309-815 Hastings Stroet West
B. C. Outfitting Co  348 Hastings Stroet West
B. 0. Tailoring Co ..y. 342 Hastings Bast
Wnil Diek Ltd - , , 35-49 Haatings Streot East
Thos. Foster ft Co., Ltd .....»_....614 Oranvillo Stroet
J. W. Poster & Co., Ltd 346 Hastings Stroot Wost
J. N. Harvey Ltd! _ 126 Hastings West and Victoria, B. O.
C. D. Brueo _ , 401 Hastings Street West
New York Outfitting Co  143 Hastings Stroot West
David Spencer Ltd. ,. %. . „ Hastings Street
W. B. Brumitt  Cordova Stroot
Thomas ft McBain...
A Yankee Verdict: Judge Anderson's Decision
  OranviUe Street
Woodwarda Ltd Hastinga and Abbott Streets
Victor Clothes Shop , 112 Haatinga West
,D. K. Book :; .-. ,117 Hastings Street West
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
Rlckson'a 820 GranvUle St.
Coal
  929 Main St., Seymour 1441 and 465
Dairies
 8th Avenuo and Sukon Street
Kirk A Co., Ltd.—^
Fraser Valley Dairies...
U Dentists _____^__
Dr. Brett Anderson 602 Hastings Weat
Dr. W. X Curry. -   .301 Dominion Building
Dr. Oordon Campbell...
Dr. Lowe	
Dr. Grady...: a	
Britannia Beer...
Caacado Beer...
 Corner Oranvillo and Bobson Streets
 Corner Hastings and Abbott Streots
 Corner Hastings aud Seymour Streets
Drinks
   Westminster Brewery Co.
..Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
Patricia Cabaret „.....*  411 Hastings Stroet Bost
Taxi—Soft Drinks.    409 Duqsmuir Street
Van BroB „  Ciders and wines
Vancouver Drug Co...
Drugs
..Any of their six stores
Dry Goods
Famous Cloak A Suit Co „..623 Hastings Street West
Vancouver Co-operative  41 Pender Street West
Florists
Brown Bros. A Co. Ltd  48 Hastings East and 728 Granville Street
Funeral Undertakers
Mount Flealant Undertaking Co 233 Kings way
Nunn Thomson A Glegg  „ 531 Homer Street
Furniture
Hastings Furniture Co.  ~~.,.,.   ,     , Al Hastings Street Weat
Ballard Furniture Store   ,...„. 1024 Main Street
Home Furniture Company ; 416 Main Street
* Groceries. ^
Cal-Van Market - Haatings Streot Opposite Pantages
"Slaters'.1 (three stores) Hastings, Granvillo and Main Streeta
Woodwards...?..:: Hastings and Abbott Streots
Bpencon Ltd «...,. Hastings Street
Vancouver Co-operative* 41 Pender Street WeBt
Union Public Market .*. 3g-37 Hastings Streot West
S. T. Wallace 118 Hastings Street West
Hatters
> Blark and White Hat Store Cor. Hastlngi and Abbott Street!
Jewelers
O. B. Allan ■ ■■ 480 Granville Street
North West Mail Order House 615 Pendor Street West
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin...™-  (Malkin'■ Best)
Musical Instruments
Mason & Risch 738 Granville Street
Bwltzer Bros,...;. 312 Hastings Street West
Novelties and Mail Order House
North West Majl Order House  615 Pender Street West
Optometrists
J, H. Healey; 824-825 Birks Building*
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand........... . (Turnor Beeton A Co., Victoria, B. C.)
Paints
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co  .— 642 Oranvillo Street
'•■    Printers and Engravers
Cowan A Brookhouse  -»^.^... —Labor Temple
TOelland-Dibblo....—. ..«• .•———.—.Tower Building
Railways   ■
p, q. e and the C. N, R.
Tailors
Tom the Tailor 624 Granville St.; 318 Hastings W.
lAbrams the/Tailor 614 Hastings West
Tools
J. A. Flett Hastings Street West
Martini Finlayson & Mather .'. Hastlnga Street West
Theatres and Movies
Empreaa -   Orpheum  _  Pant'ges
(By Lewis S. Gannett In the
Nation.)
GEORGE WESTON ANDER-
son is a New Hampshire
Yankee. He grew up on
hUltop farm; he taught country
school to earn a college education;
and thirty years in Boston have
not oured him of a New Hampshire
accent that makes him rhyme
court with lot and pronounce have
"hev." He has a Yankee capacity
for using strong language without
the slightest change In his facial
expression. He haa a trick of looking you square in the eye and talking through his teeth, occasionally
lifting - the upper right hand corner of his mouth to bite out an
emphatic phrase. And' he bas a
Yankee capacity for launching out
of passivity Into passionate indignation when he sees a raw deal,
Hla first public office was on the
Boston School commission. He was
federal district attorney for Massachusetts from 1914 to 1917; then
Int'er-Stfge Commerce Commissioner for a year, and is now United Statos dlatrtct court judgo. He
was a Brandeis man fn Boston, and
a Wilson man when he went to
Washington. As district attorney it-
was hts duty to Investigate spy
plots, but he found there were
more Imaginative writers than spies
In New England, and made it hot
for some newspapers that cut free
from facts. Experience led to his
statement that 99 per cent.-of the
wartime spy plots were pure fakes.
And the same judicial mind which
led him as public prosecutor to analyze and penetrate wartime hysteria stood him in good stead when
aa judge he faced the victims of
the Red hysteria.
Longest Opinion.
Judge Anderson haa juat rendered a 85,000-word opinion ln the
case of 20 alleged Communists,
held at Deer Island for deportation, who petitioned for writs of
habeas corpus. It ls said to be
the longest opinion ever rendered
from that bench; Judge Anderson
considers It rather a feat of condensation, and having read it, so
do I. Although It Is avowedly a
statement prepared for review by
a higher court (he orders release
of the Communists pending such
review), it ls so thorough and restrained a discussion of such fundamental Issues that it ia certain to
become an historic document It
is a reassertion of neglected American constitutional principles, and
a courageous objective analysis at
a time when It requires courage to
be objective, especially ln Boston.
And moderate in tone, it Is In effect a scorching indictment of lawlessness on. the part of the Department of Justice, and in less degree
of the Department of Labor.
Trials Illegal.
He concludes that In the caae
of the Russians held for deportation, their so-called trials were 11
legal and are vitiated by lack of
duo process of law—-that they were
subjected to illegal search and
seizure, and denied fair trial;,that
there was no evidence before the
secretary of labor that the Communist party is an organization advocating the overthrow of the government of the United. Statea by
force or violence—and hence that
all the petitioners, Including the
English-speaking Communists who
knew enough tp insist upon fair
trials, aro entitled to be discharged; and that even should the higher courts disagree and' hold the
Communist party to be a party *9t
force and violence, there, is grave
doubt whether the Communist
party documents upon wlrtch such
a ruling might be based, were not
given form and color by agents of
the Departnftmt of Justice posing
aa members of those parties. He
says: •
"The Department of Justice has
no moral legal right or power to
deal with the exclusion or expulsion of aliens than has the Department of the Interior. The Department of Justice prosecutes for
crime. The deportation proceedings are not criminal proceedings.
. . . If the Department of Justice ls correct in its interpretation
and application of the statute of
October 18, 1918, to the Communists, it has no occasion to usurp
the legal duties of the Department
of Lahor concerning aliens; It has
the power and the duty , . ,
to prosecute."
The Red Maids.
Then he reviews the history of
the New England, red raids of
January 2, 1920. He cites the instructions of Frank Burke, assistant director nnd chief of the Bureau of Investigation of the Department of Justice in Washington, to George 39. Kclleher, his representative in Boston. They are
amazing instructions. Aa one federal judgo put it In conversation:—
there-is no taint of lawfulness
about -them. They instruct the
agents to search person and premises without search warrants ln defiance of tho federal Conf lllution,
merely remarking lhat "If, due to
the local conditions in >'■ ur territory (sic) you find that It is absolutely necessary for yet  to ob-
hidfecldi
tain a search warrant   for   sucl{fOccl.lent.   freedom,  and  a saving
premises  (the residences   of   the
members) you ahould communicate
with  the local  authorities  a  fetfrbaing    frightened    by    crusaders'
hours before the time for the ar
rests Is set and request a'Warran&field 'Onward Christian Soldiers', is
VANCOUVER  LAND   DISTRICT
' Range 1, Coast
TAKE NOTICE that Rice Owen
Clark of Port Progress,
ranchei*. intends to apply for per-
miaslon to purchase the following described lands, commencing at a post planted about 40
chains S.W. of the S.E. corner of lot
422, thence about 30 chains north
to lot 422, thence west 80 chains
thence about 10 chains N. to shoreline, thence southerly and easterly
along shoreline to point of comen-
cement, and containing 200 acres
more or lesa.
RICE OWEN CLARK
Dated June 4th, 1920.
VANCOUVER  LAND  DISTRICT
Range 1, Coast
TAKE notice that Agnes Lizzie
Clark of Port Progresa, storekeeper, intends to apply for permission to purchase tho following
described lands, commencing at a
post planted at N, W. point of said
Bonwick Island, about 20 chains
S. E. of S. E. corner of lot 1007,
thence around shoreline to point of
commencement, and containing six
acres, more or less.
AGNES LIZZIE^ CLARK,     j
Dated Juno 1st, 1020
sense  of  humor   and   proportion
have until recently saved us from
rj^torlc. In an Oriental missionary
to search the premises." They instruct the agents to make every
effort to secure admissions at once
from the alien arrested, although
the rules of the Department of Labor, which have the force of law,
then provided that the alien shall
be allowed to Inspect the warrant
of arrest and to be represented
by counsel before he la examined.
They call for mass arrests, lining
up thoae arrested in meetings
against the wall and searching
them on the spot, and theys contemplate the arrest of American
citizens, leaving the burden of
proof upon the citizen to prove his
citizenship. Theso instructions give
January 2 as the tentative date for
the raids, and cold-bloodedly state
"If possible, you should arrange
with your under-cover Informants
to have meetings of the Commun-
\ta\ party and Communist Labor
party held on the night set. I have
been informed by aome of the bureau officers that such arrangements will be made. Thla, of
course, will facilitate the. making
of the arrests."
He quotes the testimony about
the raids: from 800 to a thousand
people arrested, no one knew how
many, 440 taken to Deer Island—
for less than 100 of whom were
warrants outstanding—the rest released for lack of evidence, the
brutal methods, illegal searches;
women forced to get out of bed and
dress while the officers waited ln
the room, five women kept overnight in a single cell without f
mattress, the deliberate invitation
by the Department of Justice to
newspaper photographers to photograph the aliens as they arrived,
chained and hundcufted although
not yet charged with any crime, at
the Boston station, etc.
A Hob Ib a Mob.
"I refrain from any extended
comment, on the lawlessness of
theBe proceedings by our supposedly law-enforcing officials," he remarks with obvious restraint. "The
documents and acta speak for
themselves. It may, however, fitly
be obsorvled that a mob Is a mob,
whether made up of government
officials acting under instructions
from the Department of Justice,
or of criminals, loafers and the vicious classes.
The victims were taken to Deer
Island.  To quote:
"The conditions were unfit and'
chaotic. No adequate preparations
had been made to receive and carel
for ao large a number of people. |
Some of the steam pipes were
burst or disconnected. The place'
was cold, the weather severe. The'
cells were not properly equipped'
with sanitary appliances'. There]
was no adequate number of gutA-ds*
or officials to take a census of and*
properly care for so many.- For3
several days the ^arrested aliens1
were practically incommunicado.'
... In the early days at Deeri
Island one alien committed sui-i
cide by throwing himself from thet
fifth floor, and dashing his brains!
out In the corridor below ln thet
presence of other horrified aliens.
One was committed as insane;
others were driven nearly, if not
quite, to the verge of insanity;"
Judge Anderson draws the picture from the evidence:
"The picture of a non-English-
speaking Russian peasant arrested
under circumstances such as described above, held for days tn
jail, then for weeks in a city prison at Deer Island; and then summoned for a so-called 'trial' before an inspector, assisted by the
Department of Justice agent under stringent instructions emanating from Washington to make
every possible effort to obtain evidence of the alien's membership
in one of the proscribed parties, is
not a picture of sober, dispassionate, due-process-of-law attempt to
ascertain and report the true
facts. . ,. . The secretary of
labor has, In these cases of necessity grounded his decisions upon
records misrepresenting or omitting facts of controlling importance,"
Violates ETery Sense, of Decency.
The Instructions for the raid
were ftsued December 29. On December 31 Commissioner Caminetti sent out from Washington by
telegram a modification of the Department of Labor rule that an
alien had the right to be represented by counsel during his entire
examination ao that lt read "at
any rate aa aoon as such hearing
has progressed sufficiently In the
development of the facts to protect the government's interests,
the alien shall be allowed to Inspect the warrant . - . and
shall be apprised that thereafter
he may be represented by counsel."
This modification was withdrawn
by the secretary of labor on( January 28, after the aliens caught
in the raids had been examined
without counsel. Judge Anderson
quotes with approval Felix Frankfurter's argument that "if there is
one thing that is established ln
the law of administration, I take
It that it is that a rule cannot be
repealed specifl "Uy to affect a
cose under consideration by the administrative authorities. That ls,
if there ls an existing rule which
protects certain rights, lt violates
every sense of decency, which fs
the very heart of due process, to
repeal that protection, just for the
purpose of accomplishing the ends
of the case. . . . There was a
sudden, calculated, and surreptl-
toua deprivation of that safeguard."
A long and learned section of the
opinion, liberally buttressed with
legal citations, deals with the obligation of the court to review the
secretary of labor's decision that
the Communist party is a force
and violence party. The Judge, following In part a recent opinion of
the supreme court (Kwock Jan
Fat vs. White, decided June 7,
1020), finds himself "constrained
by the decisions to hold tt the duty
of the court" to review that ruling.
Only Foroe General Strike,
He analyzes the Communist party
programme, and declares that "the
conclusion Is Irresistible that the
only force worth discussion believed ln or advocated by this party
Is the general strike." There-are
"some stock phrases concerning
'the necesaity of revolution'" but
"both religious and political oru-
saders .commonly uso the nomenclature of warfare.   Here  Is the
said to be regarded as an alien,
seditious war' song, the use of which
■Abe missionaries have had to abandon. Our hymn-books may shortly
attract the eye and excite the suspicions of the official censor."
',' By "force" Judge Anderson does
not think that congress meant religious, moral or political force;
and although "the general strike
ls a tremendous, almost a terrorizing force," he does not think that
congress intended to outlaw the
general strike in such "Inadequate
and disguised fashion." "It doea
not accord wtth thelitetorlo genesis
of the statutes." He /is "forced to
the. conclusion that in It (the evidence before the secretary of labor) there can be found no legal
basis for deporting Communists on
the ground that they bolieve In,
advocate or teach , the overthrow
of the government of the United
States by force or violence."
■ " Finally, ln view of the Department of Justice's Instructions to its
spies to provoke meetings of the
Communists to facilitate arrests,
and of its obvious ability to provoke such meetings from within
the Communist organization, the
judge casts doubt upon the nature
of any inflammatory proclamations
upon the prosecutions might be
based, "The most that ean be
held," he comments, "Ii that it
does not appear that the government did, through Its agents, give
form and color to the documents
upon which the secretary haa based
his ruling. It Is equally clear that
no finding can be made that the
government did not, through its
agenta, give auch form and color,
and \hus lay a foundation for the
Inference that the secretary of la-.
bor haa drawn against these aliens
because of their membership in
the Communist, party."
Views on Spies.
i Then the judge indulges in one
of hla outbursts  of  old-fashioned
Yankee    philosophy:     "I    cannot
adopt the contention that government  spies  are  any  more  trustworthy, or less disposed to make
trouble in order to proflt therefrom,
than are spies In private industry.
Except in  time  of war,  when  a
Nathan Hale may be a spy, spies
are alwaya necessarily drawn from
the   unwholesome* and   untrustworthy classes.     A   right-minded
man refuses such a job. The evil
[wrought by the spy system in in-
jdustry has, for decades, been Incalculable.   Until it ts eliminated,
decent human relations cannot exist  between  employers   and   employees, or even among employees.
It destroys  truat and  confidence;
Ijtrkllls human kindliness; It prop-
igates hate."
So the Judge released the Com-
lUnists and  castigated  the Com
[Uuist-chasers.   "Now that it ap-
iars that government splea con-
Itituted   in   December,    1919,   ar
illvc and efficient   part   of   the
jjjmmunist   party,"   he   Bald,    "it
,y well be that the secretary itf
>or will find-it desirable, through
own forces,  to Institute some
pvestlgatlon of the nature and extent of the  possible  activity and
Influence of these spies In giving
form and color to the documents
upon which the secretary q£ labor
based his rulings,"   So far the secretary of labor has  found it desirable only to announce that he
will appeal Judge Anderson's decision. ,
In thia son of the New Hampshire hills law and order has found
a new kind of defender, a man
ruggedly determined that ours
shall again be a government of
laws not of men, a man with a
capacity for indignation even in
defense of the rights of men whom
he does not like and with whom
he docs not agree. His example
must hearten other Judges who
would Uke to return, from domination by newspapers and brow-beating federal agents to the staid guidance of the law. When some future May writes the Constitutional
History of America, In the chapter
on the return to the Constitution,
Judge Anderson will ftguro large.
" Progress Is
a Delusion"
FLOATS BIG LOAN
TO HELP FARMERS
New
South    Wales    Government
Takes Practical
Step
One of the flrst acts of the Labor
Government on securing control of
the Parliament in New South Wales
was to hand out a helping hand to
tbe farmers of that country, who,
because of a long drought season,
are hard up against It In order
to tide thom over their difficulties,
save their stock, and provide help
for their families, the Labor Government has floated a ton million
dollar loan to be used exclusively
for the farmers. Under capitalistic
governments no help would be given
and tlieir chattels would be seized
by mortgagors as soon as they
wre d'jvvu and out. But undor a
Labor Government, assistance of a
practical nature ia afforded them
iij,order that they may retain their
homes and holdings and face the
bad times wtth the knowledge that
ibme what will, the Labor Government will see them through their
many difficulties. The $10,000,000
loan will be spent In relief to farmers, supply of seed crops, fodder,
and money to purchase foodstuffs
■^here necessary.
Subscribers, Please Note!
. Many subscribers ln renewing
their subscriptions are sending In
tlio old price. The new rates are
as follows: In Canada, $2,50 per
year; $1.50 per half year, Unltod
states, $3.00 per year. If subscribers will see that they send ln the
proper amount It will aid us and
also avoid confusion.
O.B.U.  PICNIC
Don't forget the O.B.U, picnic
at Kitsiluim Beach Sunday. Sports
for tho kiddles.
New York.—A distinct legal victory was scored by the Amalgamated Clothing Workers in the
decision of Supreme Court Justice
Thomas F. Donnelly denying the
motion of the attorneys for Joseph
Hilton, New York retail clothier,
for a permanent Injunction to stop
picketing of their factory and
store by striking members of the
A. C. W.
What about renewing your pub.?
By DEAN INGE
The veil of the temple, not
merely now rent In twain, but this
time burnt to cinders ln the conflagration of world-wide war, so
that all the #orks of the priests
therein are at last manifest, unsheltered by the obscuration of
magic rites, white lawn robes, and
hereafter- rewards; that three-fold
veil of our childhood -past ls now
burnt up at the flrst touch of our
new flaming passion for reality.
begotten ln the bitter pain and
travail of Armageddon Hell. For
we the workers are coming to our
manhood, we the efficient, the real,
the human, hewn strong in brain
and deep fn heart on that cruel
rough anvtl of our suffering past;
we the worker* with our" strong
right arms''round orphaned "children and broken-hearted women,
with our gaze on a desolate land
of wooden crosses, we cry to the
discovered priests within the
opened temple, still lisping ancient
prayers and platitudes that have
never availed to stay this ruin, we
ask, "Lo, what is this? What have
ye done?"
Dismay In the temple pew.
"What stall we do? Something
must be said." Amen, so be lt;
thus indeed It eometh to pass; a
mocking voice within the temple'
cries, "ProgreBS Is a delusion."
It Is said, the Dean of St. Paul's
has spoken; great enthusiasm In
the capitalist world; quoted In all
capitalistic papers; a new slogan
against those un-Chrlstian work-
era, heathen and deluded enough
to demand justice and peace; good
philosophical idea, old maze, "Progress is a delusion," which fs to
be Interpreted, "Breadless work-
era, you claims are unassailable.
The hope that you will ever get
free Is a delusion; you never have
done so, and you never, will." So—
"The cry of the little peoples goes
up to God In vain;
For the world Is given  over to
the cruel ways of Cain,
For the hand that would bless us
is weak, and the hand that
would break us is strong,
And the power of pity la naught
but the power of a song.
The    dreams    that    our    fathers
dreamed today are laughter
and dust,
And nothing at all In the world
if left for a man to trust.
Let us hope no more, nor dream,
nor propheay, nor pray,
For the iron world no less will
crush on Its iron way,
And nothing is. left but to watch,
with a helpless, pitying eye,
The kind old alms for the world,
z   and the kind old fashions—
die."
The voice of the temple has
spoken; and to the lusty ringing
cry of the workers, "Are we downhearted? No-" as they press on
their way through much blood and
sweat to the happier England of
our purpose, he (the Dean), Beat-
ed high upon their backs, makes
mournful reply, "Progress is a delusion."
Rise fronf your knees, ©"workers, and write upon the temple
wall In manly scorn:
"Abandon   hope   all   ye  who
enter here."
For where. Indeed,   within   the
state-bought walls do we now And
hope;  progress here In this life a
delusion;    and     hereafter—what-
Well, the golden streets and pearly
gates,    hardly    spoken    of    now,
science has about done for them;
so let.us have a revival of spiritualism,  say some;    so    we'll    be
ghosts-     "sitting  on  a churchyard wall,"
as the doggered puts it.
"And somo of the ghosts wern
long, .
And some of the ghosts were
short."
How does It go on?   Cheerful. Let
us   eat  and   drink,   for  tomorrow
we'll  be ghosts.
Workers, (shall we not die to
some purpose; nay rather live to
some purpose? Shall we not shatter to bits this creed of gloom and
fear, as we usher tn wtth our
work-worn and crucified bodies
that good time coming, when we]
shall mingle heaven and earth together In our glad rejoicing, for
our tyrants are gone and we ore
free, free, free! And our children
—dream of It while wc may—so
free and happy, the great nightmare that cursed us, sleeping and
waking, vanished.
Workers, neither progress nor
the temple is a delusion, for in
that temple ta a holy of holies, a
sacred foundation of truth; but
they that should minister of that
living water have covered it over
with a veil Instead.. But now that
veil Ifl burnt and the free breath
of heaven blows through the
temple courts, artd the white lawn
robes are quaking. O cold priestly
hearts, and colder feet, whither
wtll ye go in that great day of
your own Judgment scripts, when
heaven and earth arc rolled together, and Justice rides on with
flaming sword on a blood-rod
horse!—A ROLSHVIK CURATE,
in the Socialist,
Big Shoe Values
AT OUB
Clearance Sale
White Footwear for Men, Women and Children
at Big Reductions
See the evening papers for particulars
Sale continues all next week
BOOT SHOP
SIOHASJIStSST*
CO-OPERATIVE BANKING
PLANS MATURING
Clothing    Unions    Credit    Banks
Help to Workers
In U. S. A.
New York.—Extension of co-operative banking through credit
unions In all states where such
banking Institutions are authorized
by law was endorsed by tho general executivo board of tho Amalgamated Clothing Workers ln session here.
The flrst of these unions waa established a few weeks ago by the
New York Clothing Gutters' Union. It Is planned to start additional ones for every branch of
the clothing Industry in tho city,
iln discussing the co-operative
banking plan, Joseph Schlos-sbcrg,
secretary-treasurer, developed the
idea of co-operative building that
might be possible througli such a
system,
"Groups of workers who are In
need of homes can be financed by
larger groups of workers who put
their savings In tho co-operative
banks," he sald_ "Co-operative a-
partments can bo constructed with
great saving to those participating
in the venture. Tho co-operative
banks can also assist In tho construction of headquarters for tlie
different branches of the Industry.
These oo-oper.itlve buildings will
be free from the money trust."
Your Credit Is Good
[k
hi it'fi 1111 i.ijj
anwr  ^JaS            *^S—=CU
ON OUR SPECIAL PBK»
REDUCTIONS /OR 3\_Y
Prices marked down on all
lines of Smart-Wear for Men
and Women.   Tou pay • ,
small deposit. We give you
easy credit on nearly every
garment.            _.,__
BUY ON CREDIT—AT A
SAVING
m           >
f     ONEASY     1
CREDIT
''342 Hastings St. W.
Near Homer'   St.
O. D. V. UNITS AND WHEN
THEY MEET (
Piledrivers and Wooden Bridge-
men—Every Monday.
Laundry Workers—Every second
and fourth Tuesday.
-  Trades and Labor Council—Every
first und third Wednesday.
General   Workers'   Unit—Every
second and fourth Wednesday,
Gag Workers Unit—Every second
and fourth Wcdcnsday. «   .
Marine Firemen — Every tal
and third Wednesdays.
AU Units meet In Fender HaU.
Pender Street West.
What about renewing your sub!
♦   CAMP WORKERS
NOTICE
WHEN COMING TO TOWN PATRONIZE THE O. B. U.
EXPRESSMEN
Wc stand in the roadway outside the gates of Union Dock,
nothing allowed on the wharf by the big Companies, and
meet all incoming boats.
Fellow Workers—Look for the 0. B. U. Button. Ask
Yonr Expressman.
Stand at Corner of Alexander and Columbia Avenue
PALACE TRANSFER Seymour.,3279
MUTUAL MOTOR TRANSFER Seymour m\
Union HAD!
The M.T. Loggers' Boot
Hail orden pernonaUy nttended te
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Aro Thoroughly  Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & SON
03 CORDOVA STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, B. O.
Noxt Door to Loggers' Hall
Phone Seyihour S5S Repairs Dono While Von Walt
UNION STORE
Abrams the Tailor
IP ABRAMS MAKES THEM
THEY ARE CORRECT
614 Hastings W.
Phone Seymour 6424
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sunditei
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
2—STOREB-2
48 Hastings Stmt East 788 Oranvllle Street
Seymonr 988-672 Seymonr 951S
Where Ifl your unton button?
Search As You Will
you will not nnd better
Footwear at any atated
price titan you can buy at
this store. ■
In  Style,   Fit,  Comfort.'
and Durability   they   ar»
the  equal   ot  any  Footwear made.
Bolter step In (or your
noxt pair.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
(100 GRANVILLE ST.
"Union-Made Moot wnr" PAGE EIGHT
twelfth year, no. io , THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATlUJNlsr      Vancouver, a c.
..July it, 11
CLAMAN'S STORE NEWS
Boys'  Dept.,  Socond floor
* LEAGUE
Suits for Boys
Copyright Kit Hart Sctmftcr & Man
JACK 0'LEATHER SUITS look tetter and wear,
longer. You'll notice the advantages as soon as you
see them. Thc All-wool Cloth is stronger and more
durable. Colorings are rich, even and fast. Boys like
the attractive patterns. Every garment is roomy,
thoy have HEAL pockets-strong and accommodating tb hold a boy's belongings. Button-holes don't
come out; even thc buttons are extra strong and
sewn on to stay. They're reinforced with'the finest
of soft leather where the strain comes—knees, elbows, crotch and scat. They are trim, alert, stylish-
looking—tailored just like Dad's. Single and
double-breasted styles. Sizes 26 to 38.  (Trail)"
PitlCE $23.75 AND UP, ACCORDING TO SIZE.
Tlie bome of
HART SCHAFFNER & MARX CLOTHES
Claman's
, LIMITED
153 HASTINGS STBEET WEST
Canada's Largest Exclusive Store for Men and Boys.
Protest Against
Colorado Tactics
(Continued from page 1)
pany and now they can get no credit from the, stores which are owned by the Company. They state
. .that for years they have worked
under intolerable conditions. The
United Mine Workers' Organization was broken up In 1913, and
Bince that time they have not been
able to have any organization,
They state that this spring, owing
ap the flooded conditions of the
mines, they had. to work for long
hours in mud and water. For
many months the ventilation was
admittedly very bad. They also
complain of not receiving proper
weights, though, probably, owing
to lack nr organization, they have
no "check-weighman." They are
determined to maintain their right
Office Hoars:   10 tn 12 a.m., 2 to 5
p.m.   Evenlnga:  7 to 8 p.m. Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
Phona Say. 6476.
Dr. Willard Coates
Chiropractor ud BrngltM Pbyiiclm
(Suecmor to Dr. John Gray)
30 31-32 P. Bum Bldf., II Histin,.
St., W., VincouTM. B. 0.
(Between PtnLgee Theatre and B. C.
E. B. Station)
WHKN   HUNGRY  EAT AT THE
Hastings
Strwt        '*!.__•* Street
East C A*   ** E*8'
J. H. Healey
EYESIGHT SPECIALIST
884-825 Birks Building,
Vancouver, B. C.
Plione Sey. 7075
Glasses fitted for the relief of
headache and eyestrain.
to organize. It looks as if the next
'move will be an effort on the part
of the management to force the
workers to leave their homes. The
abduction of Christophers, the tactics of intimidation on the part of
the Police and the summary dismissal of the miners with the denial of their right to organize, are
surely not calculated to promote
Industrial peace. In the meantime
the Taylorton mine is practically
closed. The offices of the mine
owners of these mines are located
In Winnipeg.
Latest reports are to the effect
that the miners are being evicted
from their homes, and the Winnipeg Defense committee Is circularizing all labor organizations In
the country for funds to carry on
the fight and to support tbe evicted
and locked out miners.
LENIN REPLIES TO
INDIAN REVOLUTIONISTS
Rejoices   to   Hear   That   Soviet
Principles Are Shared
By Indians
(By Federated Press)
Copenhagen.—A despatch from
Moscow tells of the publication In
Isvestia of a wireless message sent
to Nikolai Lenine by a group of
leaders of the Indian revolutionists
expressing the joy with which India
accepts the proffered hand of
friendship of Soviet Russia and
thanking the Bolshevist premier
for having listened to the cry of
anguish of a people of 315,000,000.
Lenine replied to this message as
follows:
4,We rejoice to hear that the
basis principles of the supporters
of the Soviets are shared by the
Indians, whose awakening to freedom ls being followed with sympathetic interest by the Russian
proletariat. We welcome the
union of the Mohammedan and
the non-Mohammedan elements in
India, and voice the wish that all
the workers of the Orient will adhere to this union lh order to tn
sure thcir common liberties. In
such solidarity lies the guaranty
of, victory.    Long live free Asia!"
Russian Workers to Be
Deported This Month
(Continued from page 1)
O.B.U.   PICNIC
Don't forget 4lie O.B.U. picnic
nt Kiullano Beach Sunday. Sports
for the kiddles.
"Pay the Easy Way'
CLEAN UP
SALE  - -
STILL GOING STRONG
Kote These Quick-Action Prices:
LADIES' DRESSES
Silks, satins, serges, etc., in alt the desired shades and latest models. Odd
-lines are being sacrificed  at    ,.
MEN'S SUITS
Nifty Nevf York models, at prices lower than in years; otld
lines; all sizes $22.50, $20.50, $37.50
OC Per Cent.
Lo   Off
BOYS'  SUIT&
clal at
item :.....
Spe-
$6.50
Drew
Well:
Dress
Swell
GIRLS' DRESSES—
Beltrtv cost to clear
out the entire  line.
A Small
Deposit and
thc Balance
Pay as You
Wear
Watch   Onr
Windows
During
lids
Sale	
i    143 HASTINGS STREET WEST
OPP. PROVINCE OFFICE
PHONE SEY. 1031
'The Credit Store'
have the deportees shipped to
Soviet Russia, as it was feared
that if they were sent into the
territory that Kolchak then held,
that they would be immediately
shot, as were some Russians that
were deported from the United
States about that time. The minister of Immigration made a promise that the men wouid be deported to whatever part of Russia
they chose, and so far as Is known
the men will have the right to
choose what part of Russia they
will be sent to.
No Convincing Evidence
While the Russians are to be
deported, the whole affair has
left a bad taste In the mouth of
the workers in Vancouver. The
evidence given by the police
agents, and especially by Sergeant
Wilson, did not convince the
average worker that the men
were guilty of the crime with
which they were charged,. and In
view of thc later developments, and
the confession of Wilson as to the
murder -of his wife, which crime
was committed months before the
Russians were arrested, the reliability of the evidence and those
that gave it Is in the minds of
many open to question.
For some time past the deportees have been held at the
penitentiary af New Westminster,
where they were allowed some little freedom, as they were allowed to smoke, and to exercise In an
enclosure. While the men were at
Vernon, where they were he)d
prior to being taken to New Westminster, they complained of the
treatment that was accorded them,
and the local defense committee
took up the matter with the department of Immigration at Ottawa. Later the men petitioned to
be deported at once, and it would
appear that they are now about
to be granted their wish. The
whole affair, however, does not reflect any great credit on the government, or the department nn-
der which the prosecutions were
carried out, * and no doubt, the
stories these men will have to tell
of the treatment they have re
ceived in Canada, when they reach
Russia, will do anything but raise
enthusiasm In the breasts of tho
Bolsheviki  for this country.
I
NEW DECLARATION
OF INDEPENDENCE
Seattle Workers Hold Big Pageant
and Celebration on Independence Day
(Hy the Federated Press)
Seattle—Thousands of copies of
the Declaration of Independence
were distributed among the throngs
that crowded Woodland park here
Independence day during organized labor's big celebration of the
occasion.
More than 50,000 visitors,were in
attendance to view the children's
fairyland parade and the pageant
of Democracy in which several
thousand performers took part.
The park pageant and sports followed a downtown parade In which
organized 'labor was the chief participant, even the -privately-owned
newspapers admitted labor's stellar
role,
Jack Mundy, president of the Seattle Central Labor Council, played the part of "Democracy" in the
pageant which wns divided Into
four sections—The Birth of the Nation, Emancipation, Nationnl
Growth, and World Democracy.
— A new Declaration of Independence was signed as a feature of the
pageant, onc of the signers being
George T. Bartlett, longshoreman,
a descendant of Josiah Bartlett, original signer from New Hampshire.
All Russian theatres are under
the control of the Russian government, which supervises the performances and keeps order.
Buy at a union store,
Canadian Section of 'Women's International
Makes Plea.
Tho Canadian section of the
Women's International League for
Peace and Freedom, has issued
the following appeal to the Women
in  Canada:
The war is over, and Its aftermath has left the peoples of Europe crushed—It Is almost impossible to rejoice in our own victory
when we think not only of the
thousands of men left in physical
and mental conditions sometimes
worse than death, but of the hundreds of thousands in Europe who
are near starvation, of the sick
multitudes of wasted and joyless
little children all slowly perishing
from famine und disease—and in
this respect Allies and enemies
suffer alike.
It is true there are those who
say that the suffering, especially
in Central Europe is only fitting
punishment for evil done, but we
must remember that these peoples
knew nothing of their rulers' diplomacy—they shared the common ignorance as to the underlying causes of war—besides, our
own interests, our own futures are
In danger, we know that disease
and plagues are being added to
the miseries of these wretched
war victims, and diseases and
plagues know no national boundaries, they cross rivers and
oceans, they strike rich and poor.
Heritage of Horror.
The war's "heritage of horror
for little children"—to Quote from
a recent speech from Lord Robert
Cecil—is indeed a terrible one,
but we have another and a more
fatal heritage from the war—a
heritage of HATRED, a hideous
thing which is breeding intolerance
and brutality, handicapping human progress In many and varied
ways and steadily preparing the
way for future wars.
It haa always been the privilege and the natural vocation of
women to comfort and to care for
humanity—therefore it would
seem that £he efforts to change
this spirit of Hatred into a spirit
of Humanncss, must surely be our
immediate duty.
It Is a task as urgent at the present time, as was the great work
we carried on for the sick and
wounded during the war, and if
we do not at once undertake-*it,
tho lessons of the war will be tost,
and civilization itself may:decay
and fall.
Perhaps you ask—what qan wo
do? Where shall wc begin? May
we suggest that ns our men haye
already opened commercial relations with our former enemies, .for
the sake of gain, we, as women,
should stand on a higher j pltine
and banish hatred from our hearts
for the sake of Humanity-r^only
so will it be possible for us to understand and intelligently deal with
the grave conditions of today.
Train the Children
Then let us help in the work of
true- reconstruction by seeing to
it that the children of Canada are
trained FIRST of ALL to respect
human life, and to this end we
should protest against militury
■drill In our schools, because it
placen emphasis on might and not
on right—we should urge Instead
a system of physical training which
will benefit girls as well as boys;
also we should discourage the
teaching of anything which tends
to rouse hatred or scorn for other
peoples.
1 The action of the women of
Central Europe who have asked
their governments to prohibit the
making of military toys, such as
tin soldiers, submarines, etc., might
well be followed by us, and a campaign against the purchasing of
such toys, in the meantime, would
be of educational value.
In short, It should be our business to strip war of all Its tinsel
and its false glory, and Instead of
talking about "atrocities," we may
show' the world that war, itself, is
the great atrocity.
Women of Canada—will you
take up this civilizing work? Much
can be done as Individuals, more
may be done through your organizations. Will you not at least
try to achieve what men never can
accomplish alone, the establishment of Universal Peace and
Freedom.
Philadelphia;— In preparation
for the stand that organized labor
is taking ngainst thc nation-wide
"open-shop" drive of merchants
and employers, the Central Labor
Union of Philadelphia has appointed a committee of 25 to warn
all local unions of the anti-labor
drive.
Labor Movement to Be
Based on Industrial
Unionism.
Momentous Decision Arrived at During Annual Conference.
(Special  to  the  Federatlonist  by
W. Francis Ahem)
(Special Exclusive Report)
At the annual conference of the
Wester Australian bfanch of the
Australian Labor parly, hfeld In
May, 1918, it was decided to call
an industrial convention to deal
with the question of forming the
One Big Union In that country.
The convention, accordingly, met
on May 25 last and sat for several
days. Delegates from all parts of
West Australia were present, the
conference taking place at Perth,
The draft constitution placed
beforo the convention for consideration was drafted on the lines
of the constitution in New South
Wales and Victoria, the majority
of committee entrusted.with drawing it up favoring the adoption
holus-bolus of the constitution of
those states, but differed on details.
The two things .most pronounced
in the scheme were (first) its industrial basis; (second) the Inauguration of a scheme of shop
committees. The scheme propng.
cd to- form 31 industrial sections
of one union, in place of craft
unionism at present operating in
Western Australia. It was moved
that the O.B.U. constitution he
formed on an industrial basis, with
six departments.
,       Thc Details.
The details of the scheme set
out for the election of shop or job
committees, to consist of president
and secretary elected by the whole
of the members of thc union en
gaged therein, together with one
delegate from each department.
For local industrial unions, delegates would' he elected by each
shop or job committee with president and secretary to be elected
by a vote of all the members engaged in the local Industry, The
divisional council will consist of
president nnd secretary, with such
number of delegntes as approved
ly lhe department couuc'l. The
provincial council will have a
,prsident und s?cretnry, elected
by members within the province,
together with a delegate from
ench divisional council. The six
Industrial departmental councils
will consist of president, secretary and 12 delegates; and the
grand council will havo two delegates elected from each Industrial
department and offlcors elected by
the whole of the members of the
union.
Objects of the Union.
■The decision to form the O.B.U.
was carried after the first day's
debate. It was decided to name
O.B.U., officially the Workers' In-
duntrlal Union of Australia, West'
Australian Section, with the head
office situated at the Trades Hall,
Perth.
The object of the union was set
out as follows:
"To unite the workers of Western Australia in one organization;
to regulate the remuneration and
conditions of labor, the relations
between employers and employees,
and workmen, to replace the present competitive system by one of
the social ownership of the means
of production, distribution, and
exchange, and to advocate the
formation of one big union of
workers In Australia. -The six departments under the O.B.U. were
adopted as follows: Building and
construction, manufacture and
general production, transportation
and communication, agricultural
land and fisheries, civil service and
public utilities, and mining.
The scheme then having been
nccepted, the minor detailed machinery was discussed.
IMH
Sevenfy-five million dollars of
the bonds of the Polish govern
ment are lying in the Treasury
of the United States, received In
payment' for locomotives, freight
cars—4,600 of them—vast supplies of food, clothing, hospital
equipment, motor cars, steam
cranes, shoes, guns, and all sorts
of war munitions', sold by the War
Department Sales Division and the
Army Liquidation Commission to
the Warsaw adventurers.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Largest Exclusive Men's Store
in the West
Men of All
Ages
Find dependable, Canadian-made suits that fit
and wear. We have the
finest' stock in the West
of English Worsteds,
Tweeds and Cheviots,
Reduced at a Big Sale
Special.   To sell Saturday
Heir. $45  $24.75
Bcff.$65  $29,75
Ahd proportionate reductions on all lines for
young men.
WM. DICK, Ltd.
45-4749 HASTINOS. BAST
Order 141 Was Discriminatory and Stopped
Coal Production.   :
Fuel Controller Armstrong denies that cither he, or the government has practiced discrimination against the O.B.U. miners/and
that any responsibility for the
coal shortage can be placed on
his, or the government's doorstep. The now famous order 141,
about which the miners of this
province and Alberta have so bitterly , complained, and which was
the cause of the lockout and
which in turn was the means of
the curtailment of the production
of coal will, however, place the
responsibility whero it belongs,
Tho following -tupped from the
Labor Gazette of/January of this
year Is a copy of the document
that caused all .the trouble:
"The text of the temporary
agreement made between the
Western Coal Operators' Association and the United Mine Workers
of America, and approved by the
director of coal operations for Alberta and Eastern British Columbia tn order No. 141, Is aB follows:
" 'December 18,   1819.
" 'Subject to the approval of tho
director of coal operation, by order, we, the undersigned, agree to
the following temporary agreement entered into between the
Western Conl Operators' Association of Canada and the United
Mine Workers of America, through
their representatives.
"'(J) It Is hereby agreed that,
commencing December 1, all members of the United Mine Workers
of America .or those who hereafter become members of that
organization and who are employed in or around the mines by
members of the Western Coal Operators' Association shull be paid
an Increase of 14 per cent., same
to apply on prices and bonuses
now paid to all classes of labor
In such mines. This increase to
temporarily remain in effect pending the investigation and negotiations which are now being conducted relative to mining eonditlons and wages in the competitive field of thc United States.
"'(2) It is agreed "that whon
negotiations are concluded in the
competitive fields of the United
States, that representatives of the
Western Coal Operators' Association and the United Mine Workers
of America shall be selected by
ench organization" to meet In Calgary to formulate and negotiate
an ugreement to govern for a
period of time which may be
agreed upon by the representatives
of the two associations and sanctioned by the director of coal operations. The results of the investigation and negotiations in the
United States to be taken Into consideration In reaching a basis of
agreement.
'"(3) It Is further agreed this
contract Is made and entered Into
for the sole use of the members
of the United Mine Workers of
America and the members of the
Western Coal Operators' Association of Canada. All men who
work In and around the mines
who are eligible to become members of the United Mine Workers
of America must join that organization and agree to sign check-off
for all dues, assessments and fines,
and the management of the mines
ugree to forward deductions made
to thc acting secretary o'f the district or such other persons as that
official may designate. s
'Note.—The foregoing clause
to become effective whenever the
officials of the United Mine Workers of America appear on the
ground In each locality and cooperate with the operators in arranging details.
'(4) It is agreed that no man
will be employed or be permitted
to remain- in the employ of the
company unless he agrees to comply with the foregoing conditions.
'(5) Retroactive pay due miners under this agreement for the
flrst period in December is to he
paid in two equal instalments on
the'two pay-days ln January.
'(6) Nothing In this agreement shall prevent either side
from taking up any matter for readjustment that may seem to them
unjust when the conference referred to In clause No, 2 convenes.
" 'Signed on behalf of the Western Coal Operators' Association:
'"N. C.  PITCHER,
" 'Vice-President.
"*w. f. McNeill,
" 'Secretary-Treascrer.
"'Signed    on    behalf    of    the
United     Mine     Workers     of
America, District No.* 18:
" 'SAM   BALLANTYNE
"'WM.   DALRTMPLE
" *R. LIVETT."
Not only was the order 141 enforced,   but   the   government   hnd
legislation passed which made nil
the orders ,of the fuel controller
legal.    Surely this places the re
sponsibility, and the latest agree
ment entered into by the United
Mine Workersv"offlcials,"  not the
men, is nothing more or less thnn
the  same  agreement   and    order
141.
THE LARGEST EXCLUSIVE MEN'S AND BOTS'
SHOE STORE IN THE WEST
Mens Working
Shoes
$5.50
We are still selling our old reliable- working shoe, in
tan or black, good heAvy grain leather, with sewed and
pegged soles, on a comfortable fitting. last, specially
Priced „• $5,50
Cornett Bros. & Clarke, Ltd.
33 HASTINGS ST; E.
Pertinent
Paragraphs
Modern industrial kings are
more cowardly and less chivalrous
than their predecessors. In Poland Just now, women are employed as soldiers to fight against
the Bolsheviks. Pity some of the
patriotic old girls in this region
could not be enlisted.
The highutumtum of Great
Britain—possibly wearing wigs—
has decided that Russell and his
colleagues at Winnipeg must remain in jail, Including those recently elected to the Manitoba
legislature, Experience comes
high, but It's the only way our
tribe ever learn anything.
A restoration of pre-war wageB
in Canada would mean a two-and-
a-half-times increase. That Is, a
worker receiving In 1014 a wage
of Vi should be receiving today
$12.B0. A dog chasing its own
tall has very little on the simp
who thinks the wage system is
O.K.
It Is safe to remark, at any rate,
thnt whatever nations "Won the
war" the workers did the fighting and dying—and paying.
The date for registration on
the B. C. voters' list has been extended   to  July  31.
'Everybody at the benclTes"
runs a daily newspaper head. The
workers, however, boing nobodies,
are still at their respective stations In  the industrial  world.
Every last farthing of capitalist
toll comes from unpaid labor.
What a nervous shock It woilld
be to Anglo-Saxon workers if It
were discovered thnt other peoples hnd superior Intelligence In
the, matter of social and domestic
economics.
The drowning out of returned
men farmers on Nicomcn Island
by flood last week Is a mere
trifle compared to the swamping
the "Honest John" will receive in
that constituency next election.
Wonderful how easy It Is to
transpose B. C. coal mine managers Into "Inspectors" and vice
versa.    It really is!
The "one big union" of political
pirates at Ottawa have been doing
considerable reorganizing among
themselves, howeer, during recent
weeks. There Is nothing the new
front can do to atone for the Hon.
Gid.
X-RAYS Locate Ills
•t tbe
Vancouver X-Ray
Institute
«H STAHDAED BAXX BUILDim
•■f-r..:. <>«■' -■...;-,-«^
L   -ass
FREE CLINIC
For    the    treatment    of    non-coaUgtoi
chronic   Ailments   by   Natural   M«th«d-._
The  clinic   is   supported   by   Vclontarj]
contributions
Ofllce hours: 11-1 and by appointiMaft I
Phone Ssy. 1877
PRIMITIVE LABOR
CONDITIONS IN ORIENT
Long Hours for Chinese ami Japnnese Workers In' Silk
Industry
New York—Primitive labor conditions In the silk Industry of Japan
and China are revealed by the report of a mission sent by the Silk
Association of America to the Orient.
The working day id Japan varies
from 13 to 14 hours.with two intermissions, which leaves about 11
or 12 hours of actual working time,
the report states. Wages for reeling girls run from 20 to 35 cents
per day with food and lodging.
Male labor ln filatures Is paid $1.60
a day without food. Outside labor
gets |1 a day and 60 cents extra
during the reeling season.
In China the average working
day Is 12 hours. Children from 10
to 14 are employed to assist the
reelers and receive a wage not exceeding 10 cents a day. Some of
them receive no other compensation than the opportunity to learn
how to do the work.
New York.—Samson Koldbfsky,
a vice-president of the International Ladies' Garment Workers*
Union, representing the Canadian
locals, has gone to Europe to attend sessions of the people's relief committee, orgnnized by Jewish philanthropists and trade
unionists to aid the sufferers of
that race In Poland,'Austria-Hungary, Belgium and other stricken
countries.
GET ON THE LIST
A working man who neglects to
place his name on the voters' list
when he Is qualified to do so, com*:
mlts a crime against his class. It
may be urged that the vote la i
good, because lt has not heretofore been of much use to the
working class, but this does not
alter the fact that under certain
conditions, It may be of inestlm-,
able value. A soldier who went
into battle minus a certain portion of his equipment, his bayonet for instance, because he
thought he would not require ltt
woilld not be of much use to his
comrades, if bayonet work was the,
one thing needed. Every available weapon must be In readiness,
flnd the really class coimuIoubI
member of the proletariat will not
fail In hts duty, but will make
full use of the opportunity to get
on the list.
Berne, Switzerland.—The result,
of new court martial of Frits
Flatten, charged with having Incited Swiss soldiers'to mutiny by
the. distribution of seditious circulars at the time of the general
strike ln 1914, has confirmed thi
previously Imposed sentence of six
months' Imprisonment, and ha
added several fines. The
will be appealed, it ls reported.
A royal commlsskin Is look ini
into the subject of wages and
hours for miners In Nova Scotia
Cal-Van Market
FRUIT FOR PRESERVING
We receive daily consignment of all kinds of friiit from
neighboring Ranches and can therefore supply absolutely
freshest Quality at special prices for crate lots
Come in and talk it Over Opposite
All oars pass
Cnl Van
l'aiitaKCH
Try Brace's
Next Time
S. D. Bruce's ls a good place for a
man to trade. You may know Bruce
himself.    He's  worked   around  a
number    of    stores    here,      The v. ,
men working with him know their business and they're
not out to sell something the customer doeesn't want.
It's quite all right tb go in and look a&mnd.     If what
you want Isn't thefe'don't'buy anyibJng.'Have you ever
been In? r
CD. Bnice
I Men's Wear
Oor, Homor and Hasting*! Slrwrta

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