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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 22, 1921

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proUSTBIAl! UNITY!  STRENGTH m mm      "       "*
~~ $2.60 PER YEAR
[ Military Machine Formed
to Fight Counter
[Soviet Government Saw
the Need and Formed
Workers' Army
(Editor's Not*: This If ths flfth
|»f Mr. roster's spsolally written
f trtlelts (or the Fedsrstsd Press on
•ondltlons In Russia as hs finds
I Ihsm. Earlier dispatches recounted
| the rejuvenation In society which
" i revolution brouiht about.)
By, William Z. Foster
|;(Copyright 1M1. by the Federated
Moscow.—In order'to convey an
flea of tho events and forces lead-
I kai up to the formation of the
[famous Russian revolutionary red
I army, lt may be well for us to start
I at the breakup of the cssr's army.
I Already, before the February, It 17,
| or "first" revolution, this enormous
I machine wae disintegrating. Re-
I selllous and weary ot the ruinous
I Imperialist war, the workers and
I feasants wero deserting by tens of
I thousands. And with the downfall
tet the csar's government this dls-
I Integration was tremendously has-
ftened. Although Kerensky's gov-
lernment attempted to hold It to-
|gether and to make lt light, the old
ny melted away like snow bsfore
Ian April sun. Millions of soldiers
■sault It taking with them what
■equipment they could carry. This
IMllapse ended Kerensky's ambi-
|tlous war plane and finally sealed
Us doom.
The journey homeward of these
■ ■any millions of soldiers suddenly
■ freed from the army was one of
Itbe most striking events in history.
I Multitudes of them had to walk as
I Much as 4000 or 80.0 miles back
I to their villages, living on the way,
I no man knows how.   The railroads
■ were choked beyond relief, with
(them. When a train departed It
[Would be literally packed with hu-
(Contlnued on page I)
[New York Central Body
Protests Against
(By The Federated Press)
New Tork.—The Central Trades
nd Labor Council   has   adoptod
nanlmously the resolutions   condemning the kidnapping   of   Mrs.
Me Richards O'Hare by American
leglonalres at Twin Falls,  Idaho,
he resolution saya ln part:
"This rabble sets Itself up as the
tecial upholder of   our   constltu<
en, flag and honor, the guardian
f our liberty and freedom, the 100
cent.  Americans who fought
(ur wars and paid the bills.   Re
olved  .   ,  .  that notice be served
pon the Leglonalres, business men
ad others who composed the mob
_t Twin Falls, and all those who
pplaud such acts    ,    .    .    that
|uch criminal, unlawful, shameful
Me Indicate their despicable, dle<
fraceful,   un-American   character
at they befouled   the   name   of
nerloan manhood toward worn-
nhood; that they disgraced their
flty and state and nation."
Arthur Warner,  whose articles
the American Legion now run
ng In the "Nation" aro exposing
lawless   behavior   under   the
Jdous pretentions of the American
l-iglon, made this comment on the
pldnapplng of Mrs. O'Hare:
"The Legion can't go on forever
king the atand that this sort of
hlng is unofficial.   An organisation
I judged by the acts of Its mem-
•rs.   That ls all we have to judge
. by.   It ls nonsense   for   Legion
|fficlals  to make the  exouse that
hey can't eontrol the acts of their
^embers. No effort has bssn made
i control them so .far as the 'balt-
fcg' of liberals is concerned."
Relief Only to Married
Men—Must Live Two
Weeks on $22.50
The employed situation has not
Improved to any material extent
ln Vancouver, Many thousands are
still out of work and there appears
to be no Improvement ln sight.
The city ls providing relief
work for a number ot men, but thla
relief is confined to the married
men, only aged single men who
would have to be provided for by
the flty are being given any employment.
The married men are being employed one week In two and given
four dollars per day for Ave and
a half days, ln aome cases they are
employed the full six days but this
ls the exception. This leaves the
married men ln a position where
they are compelled to live and
provide for their families on a
wage of H-.tO or at the most lit
for two weeks.
Rumors of an Influx of workers
from Beattle and other 17. 8. eoast
points have been circulated, but
there appears little foundation for
the rumors aa the authorities have
too much trouble on their hands to
allow any great influx of workless
slaves from the south.
■FEDERATED labor party,
\ The Federated Lnbor Party held
nother good meeting on Sunday
light with Tom Rochardson as
Tpeakej-. Questions and discussion
jeeupied every minute after the
beaker finished till 10 o'clock.
[The speaker tor next Sunday
1)11 be Dr. Curry.
[On Sunday afternoon, July 31st,
Party will hold a picnic at
leeond Beach to which all mem-
teru and friends are Invited.
Sieze Native Lands and
Ill-treat Workers
of Borneo
(By W. Francis Ahsrn)
(Federated Press Stan Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. W.—It seems that
the British have a way of their
own of "civilising" the natives of
Borneo ln the Blast Indies, where
the affairs of the country are carried on by British chartered com
Serious charges made against the
British overlords are the seising of
the natives' lands for rubber estates, the destruction of their orchards and graveyards, ill treatment of Imported workers who are
held in a system of debt bondage,
subjected to cruel treatment and
floggings. Plantation managers
also take lt upon themselves to In
Met Judicial punishments for In
dustrial offenses. Other charges
relate to gambling and licensed
brothels on the estates.
The British colonial ofllce refused
to take action, stating that the evidence adduced did not warrant any
Interference In the administration.
That there aro grave abuses ls admitted, however, ln a report- by Sir
West -RUIgeway, president 'of the
Chartered Company of Borneo.
Naturally he does not wish to paint
the picture blacker than He can
help. He states that only "a few"
native lands were seised, and that
the only debt bondage system Is
confined to advancing money to
coolies, who may leave their employment "If they repay the debt
and part expenses of their importation." Flogging Is not denied as
a Judicial punishment "for certain
breaches of the labor laws," but It
is claimed that It ls not "brutal."
Mexican Workers Want
to Return to
Phoenix, Arli.—Unemployment
hM caused much misery to the
Mexican residents of this district.
Three hundred natives of that
country, mostly women and children, marched through the city
streets the other day on their way
to the state house to ask Governor
Campbell for temporary relief.
Fermln Tapla, leader of the procession, who claims to be a relative
of President Obregon of Mexico,
was Informed that the governor
was absent. He told Secretary of
State Hall that his people were ln
actual need of food and asked
loan until relief could be obtained
from the Mexican government,
Many of the marchers are eager to
return to their native country, he
said. Immigration Commissioner
P. R. MUnes is looking into the
Barcelona, Chief  Industrial Centre, Is Ruled by
White Terror
Syndicalists Are Murdered1 by Guards and
(By the Federated Press)
Barcelona.—This, the chief Industrial center of Spain, continues
to be the hub of the new Spanish
Inquisition against the organised
workers and advanced* thinkers.
Since the assassination of the general secretary, the general treasurer and another aotlve member
of the syndicalist National Confederation of Labor immediately
after their release from prison,
special dispatch from the central
committee of tho Confederation
of Labor stated that two other
trios have been killed. It ls significant that Arlegui, chief of
police of Barcelona, has repeatedly made the threat, both in the
presence of Imprisoned syndicalists and of others, that for every
capitalist or "free unionist" who
was attacked three, syndicalists
would be made to pay the extreme
On the night of June 80 an
active syndicalist named Bandella.
under arrest, was killed by his
guards, who made the usual claim
that he had tried to escape. This
method of getting rid of determined members of the advanced
forces of labor has been quite in
vogue In Spain ever since last
Found Dead ln Streets.
On the morning of July 1 two
other well known syndicalists were
found dead on the streets of Barcelona, And again the assailants
are unknown and have made good
their escape. Intelligent workers
have a fairly good Idea as to who
the guilty parties are, but the repressive measures ln force since
Governor Martinez Anldo's access-
ton to office make it absolutely unsafe lo even hazard an opinion In
On July 5 three more from the
ranks of the workers fell victims
to the bullets of the official
semi-official assassins or were
stabbed to death by the usual "per-
sons unknown." One of those who
fell was the well known radical
writer, Francisco Jordan, author
of several pamphlets and a contributor to radical Journals, and
whom the authorities and the
brass check" press endeavor to
stigmatize as a "dangerous anarch.
(Contlnued on page 4)
Be sure to notify the post ofllce
as soon as you change your address.
Workers of Greater Vancouver
Under thc Auspices of tlie Oouncll of Workers
Corner of Pender and Howo Streets
Sunday Afternoon, July 24th
Commencing at 3.80
South Vancouver Unemployed Can Get No
More Relief
The Municipal Hall at South
Vancouver was packed at capacity
last Monday night at the meeting
of the unemployed. The meeting
was Interesting and at the same
time full of Incidents which shows
the keen lntereat that Is being
taken in that part by the workers
in working-class problems.
The committee appointed to
meet Commissioner Gillespie on the
questions of opening up more work
and extending the relief, as already
reported ln last week's Issue of the
Federationist. The report was accepted without comment.
It was also reported that Commissioner Gillespie had stated to
the committee on Saturday morning, "that he had done all that he
could do at the present time."
A keen discussion arose over the
recently adopted constitution of the
Council of Workers. The main
argument was on Clause 6 of Article I, which reads: "All members
of workers' organizations living in
South Vancouver and North Van
couver, also surrounding munlct
palltles to form themselves Into
sub-councils of the Council of
Workers, and send delegates to this
In the discussion the opponents
of thiB clause endeavored to show
that South Vancouver was being
discriminated against and Its representation -reduced. Those favoring
the clause as lt stood took the position that there was no discrimination, Inasmuch as the clause provided for the establishment of a
council of workers ln the municipality which would in turn be
affiliated with the Council of Workers ln Vancouver, and that when
Issues other than those concerning
work or relief arose they would
Join together on a class issue.
When the vote was taken, the
chairman decided that the nays
had it, although to an onlooker lt
would appear that the yeas were
ln the ascendency.
The secretary reported that the
municipal engineer had Intimated
that from now on the road work
would be done on the principle
that a man would start on Monday
morning and finish at Saturday
noon, irrespective of weather con
SEVERAL READERS have,* during the past week,
proven that it is not a difficult matter to secure new
■ubscribers to the Federationist. I One sub. hujtler calls
in the offlce every week and obtains a number of sample
copies. These he distributes and later calls for a sub-
■cription.  Usually he is successful.
To enable our reader to secure new subscribers, subscription cards have: been printed. These, along with
sample copies, oan be secured bj. any reader. All that is
necessary is that any individual.desiring to see the circulation of the paper increased drop us a line, and cards,
along with sample' copies of the latest issue of the paper,
will be forwarded.
One sub. hustler turned in f_t<i new subscriptions thii
week, another four, and several ,have sent in one or more.
They all state that it is not difficult to secure new readers
if any effort is made. With thousands of members of the
working class receiving the Federationist every week it
■hould not be a large undertaking to bring the circulation
of the paper to such proportions that the cost of each
single copy would be cut at lejst a third. This would
mean freedom from any fear of financial troubles and at
the same time increased working-class propaganda.
On each member of the wooing class who is a subscriber to the paper and who is desirous of carrying on
working-class education, the responsibility rests. It is a
elass job to educate the misinformed members of the
working class, and only by collective effort can that work
be done. Wc appeal to the readers of the Federationist to
secure new subscribers and by so doing relieve us of any
financial worry and at the same time spread working-
class information and propaganda.
Employers  Want  Wage
Cut and Seamen to
Work With Scabs
The Sailors of the Pacific coast,
have, by an overwhelming majority, turned down the offer of the
employers with respect to the employment of sailors on ateam
schooners. The offer Included
rates of wages and working conditions. The wages offered- for Able
seamen being $75.50 per month,
which means a reduction of $15
per month as the wages prior to
the trouble were $90 per month.
In addition to the cut for able
seamen, the proposed agreement
provided for the employment of
ordinary seamen and boys at rates
of pay below the above. Ordinary
seamen to receive $55 per month
and boys $30. Ordinary seamen
and boys have never been employed before, and the Intention la
The conditions of labor are even
worse than the wages offered. The
most obnoxious feature being outlined ln the following passage in
one of the clauses. "The deck
crew shall work with any Longshoremen on the vessel or dock
regardless of their affiliation or
non affiliation with any organization," In other words union men
were to tie themselves down to
work wtth men who were scabbing
on longshoremen.
Heretofore sailors have been
able to quit a vessel when in port
whether the'cargo was discharged
not. The new agreement
offered by the employers provided
that no man could quit at any
time or place during tho voyage
or until the cargo was discharged
unless he furnished another man
to take his place.
With conditions such as these
offered it is Uttle wonder that thc
men refused them by a vote of
1607 to 141. The sailor's unions
affected are located at San Pedro,
San Francisco, Seattle, Aberdeen,
and Vancouver, B. C-
Workers' Council Amends
.,.; Constitution to Suit
South Vancouver
When through with this paper,
us it on.
Member of LW.W. Stands
Incredible Torture in
U.S. Prison
San Quentin, Cal.—John Golden,
member of tho I. W. W„ and convicted In Eureka last December on
a charge of "criminal syndicalism,"
ls a political prisoner and knows lt.
He has consistently refused to work
ln the Jute mill, to which new prisoners at San Quentin are assigned
(and where, lt Is said, "criminal
syndicalists" are usually kept a
good deal longer thun other prisoners) .
For seven months now he has
been in solitary, on one meal a day,
process which most men cannot
stand more than a month at the
most without danger of insanity.
For the first months of his Isolation he was kept ln tho dungeon in
absolute darkness.
Qolden states that his Imprisonment Is unjust and unwarranted,
"I'll never go back to the jute
mill," he told Captain Samuel Randolph,    "I'm here for one to four-
auiSir^ if j hav° to epend
have one turn In two.   This cnused' f*ur*wn yearB of m>' llf«m »,•■*»;
;) $he regular meeting of the
Council of Workers was held on
Tuesday night in the Pender Hall.
Ttti| recently adopted constitution
wo under discussion for a considerable time as a result of the objection of the South Vancouver unemployed to Clause 6 of Article.!
During the discussion it was
pointed out that at the meeting
held on Monday night In South
Vancouver much confusion prevailed, as to the function of the Council! of Workers, and lt was also
pointed out that the sub-councils
which would be established in the
surrounding municipalities would
be the means of organizing the
workers In those districts. After
mnchc argument it was decided to
delete the clause objected to and
the municipalities will be able to
send delegates from organizations
to.the Council of Workers in Vancouver.
A communication was received
from Dominion Fair Wage Officer
Bulgerasking the aims and objects
of the council, also the names of
officers. The secretary was inducted to supply the required information.
.It was .(.ported that the food
provided for a b, ___«> et which
had been arranged for the dentists' convention had been turned
over to the council, and that It had
been distributed among the unemployed whicli could be found tn the
time to space ub- the most of It was
time to spare as thc most of it was
■The representatives of the Seamen's Union pointed out that the
Canadian Merchant Marino was
the worst offender In the cutting
ofithe seamen's wages, the rate being paid at present being only $80
per month while othor shipping
concerns were paying $76.
■The Cigarmaker's representatives reported that the strike of
ojgarmakera. at the Stettler Cigar
factory was still on and that only
ton clgarmakers had left the city
■(nee the strike commenced.
How London Police Seek
Evidence Against
Underground Tactics of
Police Among British Workers
(Fed.  Frees  Btaff Correspondent)
London.—"There are other visitors. Will you go ln now or wait?"
the clerk aaked your correspondent
who dropped ln to eee the editors
of the "Communist" at their office
near Covent Garden. The other
visitors were a couple of Scotland
Yard Inspectors, one tall and one
short, who stalked In and out of
office, first talking thingi over
downstalri, then upstairs, muph oa
though tbey were the board of directors.
The editor, Francis Meynell, welcomed the American visitor. He
was a bit limp, his hair disheveled,
and he frankly confessed that these
dally bouts with the police were
Latest Demand.
The lost demand of His Majesty's officers ls that the members of
the "Communist" staff turn king's
evidence under pain of six months'
imprisonment and a fine up to £100
If they refused. Alfred Inkpln, secretary of the party, was arrested
recently for treason, lese majeste
or something like that, and now
the police are trying to get enough
evidence to justify arresting him
and keeping him In jail.
This last summons has been
served on everybody from the edl<
tors down to the volunteer filing
clerk, a mild little girl, and the red
haired office boy,
They must tell, so the summons
reads, "all the conversations said
Inkpin has had with them from
time to time since commencing em
ployment in reference to the busi-
hess of the said premises, by whom
they are employed and by whom
According to Mr. Meynell these
direct attacks of the king's officers
are less troublesome than some of
the indirect ones. After all, there
ls ln England and in many of
these very circles which are combatting the Communists most energetically a respect for fair play and
freedom of public opinion which
Is still strong enough for them to
disapprove of frontal assaults. The
real obstacles are, therefore, those
from other channels than the law,
Increases Circulation.
The Communist, published by the
executive committee of the Com-
(Contlnued oh page S)
Wage   Cutting   Follows
Long Periods of Unemployment
Paris.—The wage-cutting campaign which ls at present in full
awing In Franco ls being met with
determined opposition on the part
of the majority of the textile work-
ore. A particularly strong stand is
being taken by the textile workers
of the Isere. A 10 per cent, reduction was made last April.
According to the secretary af the
Isere union, the women textile
workeri, "who were abominably
exploited while their husbands,
fathers and eons were defending
the coffers of the pirates of finance,
are not disposed to accept thie reduction meekly." The Congress
which they held at Lyons recently
voted a categorical refusal of further reductions; For over six
montha these workera have worked
short time, ln many cases for 80
hours or less a week, "And now,"
comments the union secretary, "to
the misery of unemployment ls to
be added the misery of wage reduction." The conflict In the textile Industry will be widespread,
extending over at least eight provinces.
discussion bb to whether there
ihould be any discrimination
against slnile men, and the meeting went on record as opposing the
single men being treated differently
to the married men.
lte cell on one meal
never give up.
a day I  will
Hand your neighbor this oopy of
Tho Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
Brands Writer of Letter
of  Accusation  as  a
Lying Coward
In the report of the General
Workers Unit of the O. B, U. meeting which appeared In last week's
lepue, mention was made of a
letter written by a worker ln
Prince George ln which Jack
Mclnnes was accused of attempting tb cut the wages of carpenters
in that district. In a wire to the
Federatlonist Jack Mclnnes denies
the report and states: Keport in
Federatlonist that I have tried to
cut carpenters wages is absolutely
(false, the author of this report is
a contemptable lying coward,"
The matter will be referred to
the next meeting of the General
Workers Unit of the O. B. U. and
investigated, and the standing of
the writer of the letter determined.
Hold Picnic.
The Women's Auxiliary of the
O, B. U. Js holding a picnic at
Kitsllano beach to day (Friday),
All members are rnquested to
attend. At the last meeting it was
decided thnt the memberB should
meet under the troes at noon,
when final arrangements will be
Workers' Representatives
Are Shot by Agents of
(By the Federated Press)
Chicago — Dispatches received
hero by Solidarity, from Barcelona,
tell of the cold-blooded murder
there of three Labor men, two of
them being general secretary and
treasurer, respectively, of the National Confederation of Labor of
Spain. According to the employers' press, it was another "syndicalist plot," In which the syndicalists appeared as the aggressors.
The murdered men were Hvelio
Boal, general secretary, and Antonio Felfu, general treasurer of the
Confederation, and Jose Domln-
The industrial war in Spain,
which has beon going on for the
last two and a half years, has
claimed hundreds of victims. The
dispatch roads fn part as follows
"With the taking of office Inst
December by thc new civil governor, Martinez Anldo, of Barcelona,
there wns a return to the gunmen
tactics formerly used by the i
offlclnl police captained by Bravo
Portillo and Knenig.
"On June 16, us the mayor of
Barcelonn was leaving his offlce for
his home, two unknown persons
Bhot at him twico from a Bide street
wounding him slightly,
On the following dny EvilJo Boal,
Antonio Felfu and Joso Dominguez,
incarcerated since March 1, were
ordered released. Shortly after
midnight they were conducted to
the office of the chief of police, Arlegui, where they were brutally
beaten, as had been done upon
their arrest. About 2 a.m. they
wero finally released, only to be
shot down ln the street after going'
a short distance. All three showed
bullets to have entered from behind. This Is not the first case of
its kind, and many are tho cases of
simple assasinatlon of active syndicalists of thc C. N, T.
"Boal was a printer by trado, n
dynamo of energy ln organization
and propaganda, and ployed an Important part In the affairs of the C,
N. T. for some year.
'The central committee reiterates
Its call for solidarity among the
workers of all countries to aid them
in their fight, at least morally, if
not by boycotting all goods to and
from Spain."
Patronize  Fed  Advertiser's.
Subterfuge and Misrepresentation Break Strike
at Fiji Island
By W Francis Ahern
(Fed.  Press Staff  Correspondent)
Sydney, N.S.W.—A message just
received at the Australian bureau
of the Federated Press from the
Fiji Islands (South Pacific Ocean)
indicates that the strike of Hindus
ls finding out. On most of the
fields the Hindus are going back to
work. On others they will resume
as soon as the rice crops are harvested. Small concessions In wages
and conditions have been granted.
Subterfuge and misleading statements have played a big part In
breaking the strike. The sugar
trust, it Is stated, brought 600 free
workers (not Indentured slaves)
from India at reasonably high
wages and spread the rumor that
these were Hindus who had previously Jeft Fiji but who returned
because "it was better than India."
Then the newspapers and wireless
stations got to work booming the
"glad" news. Another dodge worked up by the, sugar trust was the
spreading of a report* that thousands of Hindus in India were
clamoring to come to Fiji.
The more intelligent of the
Hindus at Fiji claim that the latter
statement Is not true—that they
have letters from India which tell
a different story. But the mass of
the Hindus at Fiji are not so well
informed and as a result they have
been coaxed back to work on the
strength of these reports.
Lack of Understanding Ot
Economics  Is
> .
Blockade Responsible for
Impoverishment of
(By The Federated Press)
(Editor's Note: Leon Trotsky,
who, accocrdlng to information received at the state department last
week, had been arrested by Nikolai Lenln, waa free enough on July
6 to deliver a apeech before the
Congress of the Third International at Moscow In which ho
criticised the economic theories of
Secretary of State Hughes.)
Moscow.—Reporting to the Congress of the Third International on
the general econonflc situation,
Leon Trotsky dealt at length with
the letter of Secretary of State
Hughes to Samuel Gompers, made
public last April.
"Mr. Hughes," aald Trotsky, "Is
reported to have deolared , that
Rusaia is a 'gigantic economic
vacuum' and to have stated that
the Impoverishment and decay of,
Russian economy cannot be blamed
on the blockade and clvjl war, because, according to Mr.' Hughes,
the ruin has affected industries
which were independent of foreign
countries prior to the war.
As regards the mobilization
having been less than under the.
csar," aald Trotsky, "this argument
ls truly childish. In the flrst place,
Russian Industry was ruined, not
only by the mobilization for civil
war, but by the preceding lmper/1-
ist mobilization. The argument that
the Soviet government mobilised
less men than cxarlsm is arithmetic
ccally correct, but substantially
wrong. Czarism left the qualified
workers at the factories and workshops, recruiting the army from
the aristocratic an.d middle class
youth, with professional officers.
and student volunteers, while the
(Continued on page 4)
If you want some sample copies
of this paper for your neighbors,
call around to the offlce and get
Where Is the Union Button 7
Will Speak for Irish
Tom Richardson will bc tho
speaker for the Irish Self Determination League on Sunday Tilght.
It ls expected tlmt there will bc a
liiri'c attendance.
. Harrington Was Speaker for S. P. of C. on
Much interest was shown In the
meeting of the Socialist Party of
Canada last Sunday night. The
Columbia Theatre was comfortably full when the speaker of thc
evening, J; Harrington, began his
address, Briefly outlining the institution--, habits, and concepts of
of Savagery and Barbarism, the
comparisons between ipmlern and
pre-hlstoric life of mankind. Hfs
summing up of the world situation
as it now appears to the cluss conscious mind, was very Impressive,
and of grent educational value
Next Sundny J. Kavanagh will be
the speaker, and a good opportunity is afforded to anyone desirous of hearing the revolutionary
position  outlined,
A fine display of literature worth
reading. Questions and discussion
after thc address. Meeting begins
at 8 p.m.
Third International Says
*Holz Was Brave But
Moscow, June 26th, "Rosta
Wien."—The congress of the Com
munlst International decided to
send the following manifesto to
the German proletariat ln reference to the condemnation of the
German revolutionary Max Holz. .
To the two thousand years imprisonment that the German bourgeois have given to the fighters in
the March Action the sentencing
of Max Holz to life imprisonment
lias been added. The Communist
International is against terror and
sabotage which do not immediately
serve the purposo as well as against
partisan warfare that is independent from. the political leadership
of the proletariat. , At the same
time the Communjat. International
sees in Max Holz a manly 'champion of the proletariat who have
risen against the capitalist rule.
The actions of Max Holz were Injudicious, for the white terror can
only be "broken by the mass rising
of the proletariat and only through
the sume means can tho victory of
the workers be ensured. The
actions of Max Holz were dictated
by love of the proletariat a'nd
hatred of the bourgeois. On this
ground the Congress of the Communist international sends ils fraternal greetings nnd authorises tho
German proletariat to defend him.
Wo hope that on the day when the
Germun proletariat shall open Lhe
dour of his prison Max hoi/, will
fight in thc ranks of the German
Communist Party for the work of
liberation of tii'* German worker...
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Another Offensive.
The Dally Herald in a recent
issue predicts another offensive
against Soviet Russia.   It says:
'The Dally Herald has '-od
reason to believe that another plot
is on foot for n White rfelng in
Russia—to be followed, as usual,
by foreign aid and Intervention,
Tho plotters are counting on
assistance from France and Amerl-
cn—especially from America.
This "rising," which Is to be
heavily financed, is to take place
ty st month."
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determinntion Lengue.
TUESDAY-Workers' Council.
WEDNESDAY—General Workers.
SATURDAY-Dnnec, 9 to 12.
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Unity of Labor: The Hope of the World
..July 22, 1921
THE downward tendency of wages is
worrying the workers of this continent. It is a nightmare. "With the cost of
living still greater than in 1914, the daily
money wage, with its lower purchasing
power, is less than
VICTORY,- DEFEAT it was previous to
AND THE the war.   In other
FRUITS THEREOF words, the standard of living for
the worker is being reduced to a considerable extent. Naturally this is resented,
and in thc minds of those who have not
yet grasped an understanding of economies, the fault lies with the employers. We
have repeatedly pointed out that thii
downward tendency of wages is not due
to the conspiracy of the employing class,
or to the desire of the employers to cut
wages because of their antipathy to th*
workers, but due to economic conditions
that prevail throughout the world. This
may be construed as a defense of the employing class by superficial thinkers, but
the truth mtlst be told as to the workers'
position, for only by thc dissemination of
the truth of the situation can the workers
realize that the system has nothing to
offer them which can be an improvement
to that which it has already given them,
and, in fact, will as time goes on offer
them less of the good things of life and
create greater misery.
* » *
In previous issues the development of
China on industrial lines has been pointed
out as one factor that will eventually
bring down the standard of living of the
world's workers.  Tha immediate present
is, however, the main  concern of  those
who toil.  Just what is transpiring today
is very vividly portrayed by the Financial
Post in a recent issue.   Everywhere the
struggle for commercial advantage is taking place, and the nations that won the
war are today faced by a more powerful
enemy in Germany, as a commercial factor, than they were when they faced that
country's guns and armed forces.   Com-
menting on German competition, the Financial Post has the follwing to say:
"Wc have had this week a practical example of what Germany with
her low production costs, owing to
low wages, longer hours and greater
efficiency of her workers—executive,
clerical and mechanical—is able to do
in Canada.  A contract for some machinery for a Canadian paper mill has
just gone to a German manufacturer,
and this in the face of the Canadian
super-customs  duties,   recently  imposed to overcome the low prices at
which Germans can manufacture. The
price must have bcen unusually low
to interest Canadian paper manufacturers, beeause they have been in tha
forefront in asking Canadians to refrain from buying any German or
Austrian products."
The Post also points out that in every
branch of industry the Germans are beating their competitors.
* #        *
Outside of the fact that low prices have
conquered thc patriotism of the Canadian
paper manufacturers, it must be recognized that the standard of the German
workers has been reduced by the imposition of long hours and low wagos. That
this means intensified competition with
Germany for the world's market is also
brought out by the Financial Post when
it says: ''It is important that wc should
understand this situation quickly, that we
may the sooner get back to the basis of
world costs." High-priced labor is still
the great factor in Canada, says the Post.
Every newspapor on the Anjerican continent is saying similar things. In othet
■words they mean that in order to compete
in the world's market those nations that
find themsolves being ousted out of that
market by cheaper products must reduce
the cost of production. This can only be
done when the "great factor" wapes are
reduced to the lowest of any of their competitors. Thc economic struggle determines that thc nation whieh can produoe
the cheapest will secure the greatest
amount of trado. This in turn means that
the poorest paid and most productive
workers will be the onos that are employed, and only by coming down to their
standard can the workers of the unsuo-,
cessful manufacturing nations expect to
secure employment.
« ♦ •
This is capitalism. It is wage slavery.
Its economic laws arc like unto thc mills
of God, they grind slowly but they grind
exceeding small. They grind members
of the ruling class, who must of necessity
grind the workers in their struggle for
profits. The burdens of modefti society
are borne by the members of thc working
olass. On their backs society has 'been
built. By their sweat and agony has modern /fcivilization been created. Ruling
class profits are the fruit of that burden
of toil that slaves have borne for _ centuries. German workers are working-
working to pay thc price that war has
demanded shall be paid to thc victors.
Their standard of living has beon reduced
in order that they may quicker create the
wealth that tho allies have demanded as
indemnity. The workers of those nations
which consider themselves the victors arc
compelled to go idle or reduce thcir standard Of living in order to allow their mas-
ters to compete with their late enemies on
tho fields of battle, now commercial conquerors. That is all thc war hart brought
to the workers oi both   victorious   and
conquered nations. It ia the fruit of the
highest achievement of capitalism, a blood
fest such as the world never before saw.
It is all that can be gained from capitalism, which compels members of the working class to sell their labor power, not to
produce commodities for a local market,
but for a world market that is ever becoming more and more restricted. The
moral should be obvious to the most dense
momber of the working class. It is, abolish the system which enslaves the workora
of all countries and from the cradle to the
grave gives them nothing but misery and
degradation. There is no other solution
to the wage question. It can only be
solved by abolishing the system that creates wage slaves at one end of\ the social
scalo and a parasite and degenerate idle
class at the other. Meanwhile German
workers are being exploited to the limit
of human endurance. American, Canadian, British and French workers are out
of work and starving or living on charity
and doles that a ruling class must hand
them in order to keep them from becoming a menace. Suoh are the inevitable
results of human slavery in the form of
the wage system.
THE Alberta elections are over. The
Farmers aro now in the saddle, but
it must be remembered that the same
electorate which elected the Farmer regime is the same as elected the late Liberal government, and is
ALBERTA largely composed of farm-
ELEOTION ers. The Liberal party of
RESULTS.. Alberta has, like all such
political parties, become a
political machine without any consideration for the wishes of the electorate, and,
quite naturally, the fanners have said,
hore, we elected the government, why not
■"elect our own men and have our own political machine and control it instead of
being controlled by a political machine of
professional politicians. No great change,
however, has come over the farmers, as
can be proven by the fact that the
Saskatchewan agriculturists have been
placated by a more astute Liberal government, which gave the farmers repre--
scntation in the Cabinet, and by so doing,
offset any tendencies that the farmers of
that province might have had to take
things into their own hands.
The political dove-ootes are, however,
mueh disturbed. The Liberal party fears
its extinction by the agrarian movement,
and the Union Government is trembling
in its shoes as to.what the results of the
next elections will be. The manufacturers
are also fearful of the agriculturists' attempts to gain politieal power. But there
is little for the ruling class to fear from
the political aspirations of the farmers of
this country and particularly of the cast.
Property rights will be protected just as
they have been in the past, for the
farmers have not as yet realized their
position in society. This is demonstrated
by the farmers' political catch cries. They
want the duty taken off farm implements.
They desire cheap transportation for their
products. Cheap binder twine is of more
importance to them than the freeing of
the industrial and agricultural slaves
from the thralldom of the capitalist system. In faot, their outlook is as narrow
as a contented wage slave's, or the trading class of the country.
* * »
In view of the fact that there is but
a" very small industrial proletariat in Alberta, the elections, from a working-class
viewpoint, cannot be.considered as disappointing. Only in Calgary and the mining
districts can it be said that there is any
semblance of an industrial working class.
Edmonton to even a greator degree than
Calgary, is parasitio, living on the distribution of farm products and as a centre
for the distribution of farm machinery to
the agriculturists. This is demonstrated
by the faot that not even a Labor man
was elected in that constituency, while
Calgary elected two. Eocky Mountain,
Charlie O'Brien's late seat, was captured
by a miner, P. M. Christophers, who, it
will be remembored, was run out of Bein-
feit, Saskatchewan, by the law and order
crowd when he attempted to organize the
miners in that district into a unit of the
0. B. U. Perhaps the greatest proof of
the need for educational work on working
class lines both amongst the farmers and
the industrial workers in Alberta, is the
fact that in Calgary A. Ross, a Labor
nominee, with a very sane and safe outlook, was elected at the head of the poll,
and Bob Edwards, of Calgary Eye-opener
fame, a close runner up. If our readers
oan imagine anything more ludicrous than
the spectacle of the same electorate electing two such types, they have imaginations more fertile than usually exists.
THE Italian Fascisti, or white guard
movement, has openly'and brazenly
gloried in its terrorist tactics. Not only
has it boasted of the success of its reign
of terror, but it has stated that its policy
of violence has captured
PSYCHOLOGY the minds of the masses.
NEW Ever since there was a
AND OLD        ruling class, thc subject
— class in society has more
or less been controlled by the psychology
which the ruling class has created. Even
today, every channel of education and influence over the minds of the people are
controlled by those whose interests are
bound up in the present system. It is no
uncommon thing to meet a worker whose
psychology is of exactly the same type as
the employing class. He considers that
the present system is the best that ever
was or will be, and blames the evils of
society on agitators and the bad traits in
human character. This is not by any
means the result of an accident. It is due
to the careful manipulation of the educational facilities, the press and the pulpit,
by a ruling elass whose interests it serves
to have a servile and docile slave class
with the ideology of its masters.
* * *
Referring to the recent Italian elections a Milan daily, and official organ of
thc Fascisti, has the following to say as
to the policy of force that was used during
the election!".
Again Publish Attack on
Attempt Made to Forestall Second Volume
''    of Exposures
(By The Federated Presa)
(New Tork Bureau)
New Tork.—The sole purpose of
the mysterious appearance of the
document entitled "A review of the
Steel Strike of 1.1», by the Commission of Inquiry, Interchurch
World Movement," la to discredit
In advance further revelations of
exploitation and Inhuman practlcea
by the Steel Corporation, and If
possible to reflect upon the first
volume of the Interchurch report
on the ateel strike—which already
has aroused many clergymen and
a large fiart of the public to the
manner In which tin? _t*el trusts
treats il_ employes and te lite
manner lu whit-h it ni-bi>;_-d
press, pulpit and public -fiU-lal..
by falsehood and suppression to
aid ln Its brutal methods of breaking the strike.
It hu heen learned also that the
"Review" above referred to once
was presented to the Senate Investigating committee as "evidence"
to blook a Senate resolution making the Interchurch strike report
a publlo dooument.
The  Interchurch  reply to  the
"At the bottom  of  the  present
Fascisti victory one encounters a.case
of force that creates right. The error
of the Socialists is that of believing
that in violence there may be an exercise of pure and simple brute force.
It is this   error—psychological   and
moral—to which the Socialist party"
must ascribe its incapacity to -Offer
adequate resistance to the Fascisti." 1
Likef everything else in capitalism,
morals and ethics arc dualistici The
ruling class has always preached against
the workora achieving their objective by
violence. At the same time the same class
has glorified violence and bloodshed when
the workers have been called on t» fight
for the interests of thie master elass. It
is well for the ruling class to achieve their
ends by violence, but immoral for workers to adopt the same means to accomplish
their purpose.
* * *
How the ruling class of different countries is adopting the poliey of violence ean
be found in the Irish situation. In the
United States in the operations of the En
Klux Klan and the American Legion. In
Spain by tho new inquisition, and in Italy
by the methods of the Fascisti. In fact,
in every country where the workers have
attempted to achieve power, or there even
appeared to be a movement to do so, the
policy of violent suppression has been
adopted. The effectiveness of the methods of the ruling class in the past in creating a psychoolgy in the minds of the
working class in keeping with ruling class
interests cannot for a moment be
doubted. Tho result has been more than
satisfactory. By those methods not only
have the workers been chained to the
wheels of the machines of production, but
their mentality has also been placed in
* * «
The attempt to create a new psycho!
ogy, as outlined by the Fascisti, may be
as successful as the old efforts to create, ..Revl8W/. pre!Hmt()(, ,„ lhe senate
a passive state qf mind have been. Jhe | committee  at   the   time,   called
attention to the fact that the "He-
view's" 22-page attack on the personnel of the commission and Its
Investigators consisted of secret
reports concocted by Bpiefl and
under cover" men.
Summarising Ita reply to the
■Review" the Intetrchuroh Commission aald:
'Our report contains 41 pagos
on the 12-hour day and the 7-day
week and the causes of the companies failure to reform; 80 pages
of wage and living standard analyses and the resultant living conditions among the steel workers; 46
pages of evidence on the effects
of arbitrary control ln plants,
grievances, welfare work, etc.; 40
pages of evidence, largely documentary, on the social results of
'no-ebnference' Industry; 62
pages of analyzed data on the organization and conduot of the
strike, Its alms, leaders and failure,
and IS conclusions, carefully formulated, and the findings.
Against this the 'Review' contains 82 pages of a comical a't'^mpt
to show that the commission was
not the author of the report and
that the Interchurch was full of
Reds'; 16 pages of sincere.general
argument on collective bargaining
from the anti-union viewpoint, and
the rest general observations on
hours, wages and management
designed to shift to the workers
themselves the blame for bad oondlttona."
The reappearance of this discredited attack on the Interohuroh
report Is without doubt an attempt
on the part of the steel Interests
to forestall ao far as posslbls the
publication of the second volume
of tho Interohuroh report, announcement of which forthcoming
book was recently made by the
Bureau of Industrial Research, 289
Fourth Avenue, New Tork City.
This second volume contains an
exposure of the spy system main.
tained by ths various steel cor
poratlons to smash all attempts
to organise the steel workers.
The records show that the
ohargos agalnat the personnel of
the Interohuroh commission are
almost exactly the same—even to
phraseology—as thoso mado when
the mysterious "Review" was circulated anonymously among the
ateel manufacturing districts
year ogo and that the charges
were retracted and apologized for
under pressure.
That was about the timo the
Steel Corporation published 1,500,-
000 copies of a sermon by the Rev.
E. Victor Bigelow of Andover,
Mass, ln which the minister attempted to besmirch the Interohuroh Investigators and thua discredit their report and glorify the
Steel Corporation.
It was rumored that the "Review," which now has bobbed up
again after having been several
times thoroughly exposed, ls to be
given a circulation similar to that
of Rev. Bigelow'a sermon—the
cost of distributing 1,600,000 copies
of which was paid by the Steel
precepts of the Ku Kluz Klan and other
terrorists groups may also be accepted
by the working elass, and the ruling class
may yet find that the creating of a new
psychology will not be exactly to their
liking. It may also be, as expected by
the Fascisti, that the new idea aiid concept of violence may become a political
factor. Conditions are, however, driving
the workers to a realization of wfiat the
present system means to them. There is,
however, a necessity that has as yet not
been fully met by the working class political parties, and that is the creating of
a psychology that is purely in keeping
with the interests of the working ■ class;
No ruling class can exist without the aid
of members of the working elass who can
be used for the purpose of suppressing
that section of the workers who seek to
bring about a change.
# * *
It is true that conditions are forcing
the workers to form new ideas. This ean
be seen in every country. France cannot trust her troops. Qreat Britain has
had to form a new force to deal with Ireland. But there still remains much to do
before the ruling class will find it impossible to obtain workers to take part
in their campaigns of forceful repression
and violent suppression of any movement
which threatens their reign of profits. To
this work every intelligent and class-conscious worker must bend his efforts. The
less there are who will follow their
masters lead, the weaker will the power
of the ruling class become and the new
psychology become ineffective. By creating a working class psychology the powor
of the ruling class will be taken away
and the final struggle that much easier.
What the Ruling Class has done in the
past in creating psychology can be done
by the Working Class in the future. It
iB in the interests of the Working Class
that this work should be done and done
at once.
The Vancouver Daily Sun has been restrained from making comment on the
Campbell libel case. It is a pity that this
restraining order could not be made to
cover everything that journal deals with.
Considering the way the provincial
elections have gone during the past year,
the next Dominion parliament will bo
more like a mulligan than anything that
has yet appeared in the shape* of a legislative assembly in this country.
The British Oovernment has been defeated, on what the press calls a snap
vote. The defeat of the government may
not matter very much and Lloyd George
may, like the premier of this country,
hang on as long as possible, but the outstanding feature of the political situation
created in Great Britain, is that while
millions are starving, the ministers of
the crown and members of thc parliament
were having a good time at a garden
party, and as a result the government
could not muster a sufficient number of
supporters to stave off a defeat. Such is
government by the people for the people.
Those members of the working class
who are imbued with the idea that working class troubles in B. C. can be solved
by the exclusion of Asiatics, should remember that it was the ruling class that
brought them here, and only if it suits
the interests of that class will they be
expelled. It might also be pointed put
that men like Mr. Cecil Rhodes of the
Soldiers' Council who give expression! to
sentiments like the following are dangerous:
White men, he declared, were standing
in bread lines while Orientals worked
There were only two ways to remedy the
matter, legislation or direct action.
Direct action in this case can only mean
such methods as have been used during
the past weok in California. It can only
end in race riots, and Vancouver has already had some experience along those
lines, and let it be remembered that after
it was all over, the Asiatics still continued
to be brought into tlie country by those
interests it wns to have on hand a quantity of cheap labor.
(By Taraknath Da*) *
NE of tho effects of the World
'ar has been the decline of
Europe and increasing importance of America and Asia in
world politics. Today Asia ls at
the forefront in world politics, because Asia ls challenging European
supremacy in Asia. Tho theatre of
Asia's assertion against European
Imperialism Is & vast field and the
aot is being played with growing
intensity creating unusual uneasiness among the ruling classes ot
Although Great Britain and
France settled the question of dividing 'up the Ottoman Empire to
suit themselves, giving England
mandate over Palestine and Mesa-
potamia and protectorate over the
newly-created kingdom of Hedjaz,
and making Persia a" virtual depent
dency of Britain, things are not today aas expected by'British and
French Imperialists. The whole
Near East is ln ferment and actual
war ts going on ln various parts of
that region.
A recent Jerusalem dispatch
shows that the Arabs are not only
attacking the British forces, but the
British navy had to appear at Jaffa
to participate ln ths struggle.
Arabs in Mesopotamia are lighting
the British army of occupation,
The Turks and Syrians are lighting
the French in various pUicos. Tue
Persians ln the north have repudiated the Anglo-Persian agreement,
and they have concluded an offensive and defenfivc agreement with
rt'ii'sla and Turkey.
The Itu.st'ian Kovenr.nt'iit has enn-
clufjed a series, of ire;itibn with the
Nationalist Turkish government at
Angora, and the Amir of Afghanistan. The text of these treaties
shows conclusively that these powers are ln offensive and defensive
alliance. There is fighting going
on at the northwestern province of
India, bordering Afghanistan, and
it Is the general and well-founded
belief that these people fighting
England are being supplied with
arms and ammunitions from' Afghanistan or some other quarter,
The situation in India ls getting
more serious every day. Earl Road.
Ing haa had an Interview with Ma
hatma Gandhi, the leader of Swarjl
movement in India. Earl Reading
asked Gandhi to stop the "non-cooperation" movement in India, but
Gandhi flatly refused the request,
The All-India National Congress
committee at Its recent /session,
held on April 1, among other things
decided to raise a national servioe
corps of ten million men and women enrolled as members of the
congress. It was also decided that
the Indian people should begin gen
eral "civil disobedience" as a protest against repressive measures ln
The Labor movement is taking
an aggressive stand and It Is ex-
petce'd that within this year, India
will have no less than three million
members In the All-India trade
union movement. Women of India
also are taking an active part ln
the social and political revolutionary movement in India, The moat
Important significance of Indian
movement under the leadership of
Mahatina Gandhi and AU-Brathers,
lies In the fact that they not only
demand Swaraj or independence for
r_id.ua, but they want that the Ottoman Empire In Asia be not dismembered. A London dispatch in
part says:
Gandhi and All Brothers are
leading an anti-British movement
to have Palestine, Mesapotamla and
Arabia returned to Turkey. The
Importance of this to America Is
evident from the repeated statements of the Turkish Nationalists,
that if they obtain control of Mesapotamla, they will oust the British
from control of the oil there.
South China, under the leadership of Dr. Sun, has started to hove
an independent foreign policy for
the nation, which is not very favorable for British  control  of Tibet
and Yangste valley. It is reported
that British gunboats have been dispatched to that region. China sees
the typocrisy of the parties connected with the League ot Nations,
and is very favorably inclined to
Russia, which has given up all concessions and spheres of Influence In
British antagonism against Japanese commercial expansion in Asia
Is becoming rather acute. Japanese
statesmen are qu'ite aware of the
fact that although the Anglo-Japanese alliance may be rewened, that
it ls not a guarantee for the Japanese position in Asia. They feel
that an Anglo-American understanding agalnBt Japan may come into
existence at any time, In spite of
the renewal of the Anglo-Japaneso
The speech of Col. Harvey, the
proposal to mobilize the entire American fleet in the Pacific and the
support Iii the senate for Borah's
proposal for a disarmament conference have made Japan nervous,
This has resulted, according to a
despatch ot May 19, in Japan catling an extraordinary conference of
her statesmen and generals faml-
l»r with the situation in the Far
East, to revise Japanese policy ln
It has been suggested that Ja^an
Is working for an alliance or understanding with China; she has
begun to withdraw her troops front
certain parts of Siberia, and Is Intending to extend a more liberal
form of government to the people
of Korea. Jupan is afraid of facing isolation In world politics, and
she 1h alrcudy faced with an industrial crisis.
The British Empire Is being
threatened ln Asia. India Is the
key to the situation. Japan Ib
watching the latest developments
with keen interest. To many Oriental statesmen it la obvious that,
while Great Britain is talking for
an Anglo-Japanese -alliance, tthe
underlying British policy Is to have
an Anglo-American-German understanding under the guidance of
Great Britain, Japan Is mortally
afraid of the day when British dlr
plomacy may attack Japan with the
combined fleets of Great Britain
and America. Japan la looking towards America and east for a
friendly understanding,
—The New Majority.
Copenhagen. — About 10,000
agricultural workers are on strike
ln Denmark as a result of the wage
reductions of 18 ore per hour
(three cents). The position of
agriculture has undergone a
change since pre-war times, reduced productivity being the outcome of Intensive culture during
the war. Land ownors turn to the
workers to recoup their losses aiid
proceed with wage cuts. Building
workers are going on strike in
sympathy and the harbor and
metal workers are also threatening
to Join.
Chicago.—The Mexican workers,
through Eduardo Venegos, president of the Confederation of Railway of Societies of Mexico, with a
membership of 35,000, have wired
emphatic protests against the
course of the United States in
sending man-of-war to Tamplco
and thereby violating the integrity
of tha Mexican republic, according
to Otto Branstetter, national secretary of the Socialist party. "This
attitude haa undoubtedly been Influenced by the petroleum companies," says the messsage. "We
know the American people do not
want war. We expect from the
workera ot the United' States
unanimous support of our attitude.
We will never permit Imperialistic
capital to declare a new war."
Moscow.—A new university has
been opened in Nljni-Novgorod. It
contains faculties for political
economy, sooial sciences, pedagogy,
literature and art.
Girard, Kan.—Kate Richards
O'Hare Is appealing for funds to
carry on the legal flght she has
started against the kl.dnappem who
recently abducted her from a prl-
vnte homo in Twin Falls, Idaho, In
which town she was scheduled to
speak. In making tho appeal she
said: "If there are enough lovers
of liberty and people who wish to
save the country from an orgy of
mob violence there in no doubt of
our success ln bringing the guilty
parties to conviction and punish-
Moscow.—Addressing the Trade
Union International Congress,
Chairman Lozovsky spoke against
those who advocate secession from
the "Yellow" unions, urging Instead the advisability of "Rod"
mombers pursuing an educational
campaign from the inside. Hie
view was stronglly baeked by the
British labor leader, Mann.
Moscow.—The all-Russian central executive has freed the cooperatives from the previous finance control and has given them
the right to dispose freely of the
credits whtch they hold and to
have their own cash account.
Furniture Store
We want you to come to
this store with confidence
that you can buy Furniture. Carpets and Linoleum at lower priees and
better terms.
Greater   Opportunity
tho   Working    Men
STORE    '
416 Main Street
Phone Sey. 12..
TIONIST sal f.l yoar le
pw cant. discount
SUNDAY Ersning. July 14. BOOM
224 DONOAN BUILD-NO—Subject: "T_» InuMrtaUty et tt.
Soul." Spsaksr: HISS AMT
TUESDAY, July 26, BOOH 224 DUM-
CAM BUI1DJHO. at I p.m.—Subject:    "Ths Mew Spirituality."
HAU, at I p»—SrtJeot: "Ba-
incanutlon, tbe Kape of tbe
HALL, tt 8 p.m.—Subl.ct: "Tbe
Madras Use of Qod." Spook..:
To Readers of
The Fed.
Suit, Hat, Shirt and Shoe
Our Values Ara Pared Down to the Last Cent
We  oan  give yon CIOOD   OOOD Fine     *■■» f__\
?:;ta   $25.00,oot f°   *700
r^^ieSo sr_r_...$6.oo
OOOD Hats for  $3.50
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
Ring np Pbone Seymour MM
for appointment.
Dr. W, J. Curry
Suite 301 Dominion BnlUln*
Fine Tailoring
Phone Fair. 4819
S. E. Gibson
I'll be on the Job myself.
1229—31st Avenue Eaat
Phone Fair. 311*
Model Cafe
M CORDOVA ST. W       ,
Beet of Food anil Service at
Reaaonabio Prlcea
Union Houso
Greateit Stock ol
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
el Haatlitt itnet WM
Patronize _Fed Advertlsere.
1121 HOWE STHI_-jr
Unloa Officials, writs for priess.   Wo
In that dark hour when -.ympa-
thy ahd best service count io
much—call up
Phona Fairmont U
Prompt Ambulance Servlc.
Phone Soy. Ml      Day or Wight
531 Homer St. Vnncouver, B. C.
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funeral, el Dignity at Fair
Falrvlew: Office and Chapel,
3398 Granville Street
Phon. Bay S200.
North Vancouver: Office ul
Chapel, 132 Sixth St. W.
Phone N. V. 114.
Mount Pleasant:   Office and
Chapel, 3121 Main St.
Phone Fairmont II.
111. mortis RreH
Sunday Mrvl-M, 11 am. aal 7.10 p.m.
Bunday sohool imm.dUt.ly following
morning ... .in. Wadn.sd.y testimonial
meeting, I p.m. Tree .Mill, soon,
tO.HOS   Birks   Bldg. '
If yoa sr. contemplating taking
new Berries, or tasking sny changes
in or additions to your prss.nt ear*
vlco, you shonld sond notification, in
writing,, not later than the abore date,
in order that yon may take advantage
of tho new directory listings,
and Nod alcoholic  wines  Of  all
UNION    MEN'S    ATTENTION /RIDA1 „ July J», 152-
Are You Willing to Show
Your Photograph
Because Your Teeth Are Fart of the Picture'?
-H your teeth aren't right, you won't be willing
to. No one will blame you. Somehow, teeth
j make or mar the face and Its looks. But you're
" seen every day—that's the point. *
Let me replace those missing teeth—correct tho
misshapen ones. A mouth of charm and beauty
goes a long way towards a pleasing personality,
and my prices are now so low there's no "reason
why you shouldn't have it
"    Expression Work
.An adjustment that mean,
the "perfect bite" as well
as long ana satisfactory
servioe, ls only obtained by
aound quality both of materials and workmanship
—essentials which, in my
olllce, are of the highest
Corner Seymour
Offlc. Open Tuesday .nil Friday
DB. BBITT ANDERSON, formerly msaber ef lbs heelly ef tb.
Collage of Dentlatry, Dnlrsralty of Southern California, Lestuor
on Ore wa snd Bridgework, Demonstrator la Platowork aad Opera-
tir. Dentistry, Loeal and Oeneral Ansestbosl..
Victory Bond. Accepted at Ftr for Dental Work
■ ■  ■flll(l,lv    I
Vancouver, a a
Lumber Workers''
News and Views
-How the Red
,   Army Wm Formed
.(Continued from page I)
We raped te get all members
paid up atter pay day which ls
on the llth ef July. Have been
trying to get particular, of the
acoident that occurred at Camp I
last month, when a fellow worker
was killed; and expect to get them
shortly. It seems strange how
little the workers know of such
accidents this summer. They seem
to be scared that they may be
called as witnesses and lose their
(?) Job. Wages have been reduced 6 cents per hour and the
board has been cut down I cents
per meal. The next cut will pre-
sum ably include one or two hours
per day. •
The ballot on the. three questions
contained in the last circular letter
will be taken at our next meeting.
What ls th. position of the members at Camp 17, Ocean Falls, and
-what will be the position of any
of the member, who go to a camp
where the L. W. I. C. hold meet-
Inn -will th^r still pay duea direct
t. th. O. B. U.T May be It would
be as well to aend the workers at
Camp 17 a copy of the "Labor
DEL. 17.
Every reader of Th. Federatlonist oan render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as they are due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe.   It doe. not take much
etort to do this.   Try tt,
On. dollar and nny eent. Is the
cost for a alx months subscription
to th. Federatlonist.
"Left Wing"
An Infantile Disorder
(By Nikolai Lenin)
Price: Single Copies 25c
Ten or more copies at the rate of 20c per oopy, postage
paid.  Oet your orders in quiok, as there will not
be a seoond edition.
for Twenty Tsars we bin Usual tbls Vale. Staap for un aalsr su
raaasfsl OoUaettvo Bargaining
rot-Ms Belk Strum aal Lockeets
stsyitss Settled by Arbitration
steady Imployaaat sal Sklllal Werkauialf
Prompt D.UrerUo te Dealer, sal FibUo
Pose, sa* Saossss ts Worksrs sal Batsloyors
Prosnsrlty of Skoe Making OesiMSSItlas
As loyal unloa an sal woaua, we ssk
loa te lomaal shoei -earing tke above
Union Stamp oa Sol., Insolo sr Ualag.
Colli! UHlfi tHaatsl PnHdmt   Chartai L. Balaa, Osnsrti iw.-Trsaa.
ftttifc Oat riowm, Funenl Designs, Wedding Bouanoti, Pot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bnltfl, Floristi* Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
iB Hastings Stnet Ban TO Onuwflto i
Sejmonr 988-6711 Seymour 9513
Since the visit of the organiser
a few weeks ago, have been keeping busy distributing papers, etc.
and, as uaual. the foreman let it be
generally known that there was to
be no meetings, and no radical
literature distributed. Z have
strong reasons to believe that the
cook, who is co-operating with thc
foreman to make the camp safe
for Democracy, was instrumental
In putting the foreman wise to my
activities, any way, yours truly got
the can. However, there ls another delegate on the Jdb. After
fighting the terrible Hun in France
and winning the war lt sure make*
me feel that I made a great mistake, when I come to realize that
one of the men who my masters
told me was my enemy is now used
ln an attempt to enslave me, for
I am reliably informed that this
cook ls one of the Huns who was
Interned during the war, so probably we dtdn't win tho war after
A. J. T. (Late Delegate) 29
Alberta Lumber Co.'s Camp.
The foreman was successful  ln
getting a few to scab by keeping
their wages at the same rate as
before the proposed cut, until he
went to town.   He Ib in Vancouver
now and ts expected back on Monday's boat. We have given as much
publicity as possible to the striko
on the Island and I am furnishing
you wtth the list of men working,
although it ls difficult to get news
there ls nothing but traitors
working. Am pleased to say that
the majority of tbe men, although
som* of them were practically
broke, would not listen to the
pleadings of tho foreman, Ed.
Glllls. DELEGATE '38.
The men who are in town
picketing the slave market and the
boats got tangled up with the foreman on Saturday, who informed
them In the usual bombastic manner of such Individuals, that he
would make it hot for them If
ther didn't stop picketing, in fact
ho (?) would have them arrested.
Tha Alberta Co. are trying to get
scabs, even going io far as to Indue* their employees ln town to
send their sons up. A son of one
of their employees made inquiries
at tha office of the Lumber Workers on Saturday and when he
found there was a Btrike on, said
"nothing doing." There may be
something to be said about going
on a hunger strike at this time,"
but that doesn't excuse the cattle
who are at present scabbing, and
while It will serve no useful pur
pose to publish their names, they
can remember that their names
will be In the rogues gallery.
Some of the big camps have
closed down recently, among them
being the I. T., Wilson & Brady's,
B. S. & W. at Myrtle Point, and
Merrill & Rings; these are the
camps where the blacklist has been
exceedingly efficient, sn perhaps
the blacklist was not such unmixed
blessing for the Logger's Association after all. Word has just been
received that most of the men at
the- Dollar Camp at Pui-t Moody
have refused the present of
hour extra on their day's toil. Ee.
ductlons of wages and increase of
hours is becoming an epidemic
these days and if the crushing of
tho slave is going to wake him up
he certainly should be wide awake
by, now.
The C. P. R. have Bhut down on
the Rogers Pass Tunnel presum
ably for "the purpose of lowering
the slaves' standard of living and
men are working ln the grading
camps for 30 centa to 37 cents an
hour for a 10 hour day, and what
aro we doing to bring about «
solution of these every day problems. The Lumber Workers will
hold a general meoting on Sunday,
July 24th, that will take the place
of a convention and it to be hoped
that a policy will be proposed thai
mo* MAPI
The 1 M.T.I Loggers' Boot
Kail srners ftrtontily .Meals! to
Guaranteed to Bold Caulks and Are) Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS * BON
Next Door to Loggers? Ball
Pbone Seymonr Ml Repairs Dona Whil. ro. Walt
Easy Shaving
Gillette or Auto Strop Safety Razors make the daily
Shave easier.
We havo a splendid line of both makes in many designs,
priced from $5.00 to $7.50 each.
Tho Complete Sporting Goods Stor*
Provision Dept.
Sliced   Streaky   Bucon,   lb.
Sliced Aj.ra_.lrt Bacon, lb.
Sliced  Streaky Bacon,  lb.
Sliced Boneleii Roll, lb. ....
Sliced Pearaeal Bacon, lb.
.„ 40C
On Saturday morning, from 7 a.m.
to  11  a.m., we will soil Alberts
Creamery  Butt.",  special,   8   lba.
for    ~* 11.00
Burns' Famous Shamrock Pan
Lard, from 7 a.m. to 11 a.m. Saturday mornine, lb  190
Finest Compound Lard, lb. .—.160
On aale on Saturday, our famoua
Alberta   Creamery   Butter.     Bug.
4So lb., epeeial, lb  40c
6 lba. for   |M5
Fresh Meat Dept.
We sell nothing bnt No. 1 OOT.ram.nt
Inspeoted Beef .nd Pork. Doa't ssk
for chilled or frown b..f, w. don't
stoek it.
Mo. 1 Pot Xessts ol C_olf> Bs.l (rom,
le.   Sc
No.   1  OVEN  ROASTS  o( Choice
Beef trom. Hi 18 1-8C
No.   1  Rolled Roaita,  notblse  floor,
lb   _ SOe
No.  1 Boiling Beef, eitrs qnallty.
I     from, lb  ...Se
"Tbe Beer Without a Peer"
This is the same quality Beer as we brewed in pre-war
days, and is tho finest Beer on the market today.
Vancouver Breweries Limited
No, 1 Stew Beef
bont'leaa, lb
..-12 1-20
Spring  Lamb,  Stew,  ib. _. 15c
Spring  Lamb,   Shoulder*  ....221-3
Spring Lamb, Loins, Ib.......28 l-2c
Spring Lamb, huts, lb. .36c
POBK      PORK      POBK
On aale on Friday and Saturday, our
famous   Pork   Shoulders,   weighing
from 4 to 8 lbs., apeclal, Ib SOo
Middlo Cute of Pork, lb. 25c
Grocery Dept.
White Spring Salmon, 4 tlni....25c
Fine Sardinea, 3 tine for BBC
rork and Beana, 8 tlna for......26c
Potted Meat, I tlna for  260
Kitchen Salt, t aaoka for 200
Holbrook'a Custard, 2 packeta..30c
Bird'a  Cuatard,  large tlna 400
Large tina Peaohe» for  26c
Finost New Spuda, 12 lba 25c
Flnost Dry Onions, 8 lba. for....26e
Slater'a  Red Label Tea,  lb 46c
We have aecurad a nlco lot of apeclally
cured Shoulder Hams, which we are
cutting In halves, weighing from 3 to
4 1-2 lbs. Very nice and Juat what
you want to boil for the week-end.
They are ail nicely smoked, Reg.
prioe 85 l-2e lb., Friday and Saturday, special/ lb  fl» l-«o
Four Big Stores
123 Hastings (Head Offloe) May. 3262
830 Oranrlili Stntt Iff. 808
3260 Main Stmt Mr. 1683
Waat End Market  (Oor. Dwle and
Qrantille) bay. 8148
manity, Inrtd* outatite, top and
[bottptn; 9Vi_y placo where a human being could hang on had its
oeccupaoti. Large numbers wore
killed, often the overcrowded car
roofs cmved in and cruohed those
packed liko sardinea . below, hundreds were swept off the trains by
the brldgea and tunnels. The
Whole thing waa a terrible nightmare.
lbe Red Guard
With the old army rapidly die-
solving a pressing need arose for a
defense force to preserve order and
to protect the revolution from'im-
perlQiiatte counter - revolutionists.
Consequently the famoua red guard
sprang Into existonce. This was.a
loosely constructed organization,
consisting for the moat part of detachment! of Tvorkera recruited in
the varloua shops and factories of
the big Industrial centres, together
•with a few remnants of the old
(gj Despite lta lack of numbers, or-
Jionization, equipment and disclp-
ine, the red guard served Its purpose well, covering itself with glory
in many a hard-fought fight. Its
sympathies were altogether with
the working class and . lt went
hand In hand with the Bolsheviki
in overthrowing the Kerensky government in the "second" revolution
in October, I»17.
Hardly was the preaent Soviet
government in power when It perceived and act about remedying the
inadequacy of the weak Bed Guard.
The whole capitalist world was arrayed against Russia. Terriflc
struggles were surely ahead; and
In order to survive them a great,
powerful military maohine had to
be created. Plans were made for
the Red Army—an organization en
tiroly distinct from the old Red
Guard—and their carrying out entrusted to the remarkable Peoples'
Commissioner of ■ War,' Leon
■! Compulsory Service
Tremendous problems confront'
ed the organizers of the new Rod
Army—military experts thc world
over declared the whole proposition
impossible. We can mention only
a very few of these problems. One
was the question of compulsory
.military service. Due to their bitter experiences with Imperialistic
militarism, the Russian people had
gained a deep hatred of conscription. Honcc the Red Guard whb
founded upon the volunteer system.
But this did not work well. The
war-weary people were tired of
'fighting and the    burden   of   the
cation of the working cluss for the
speedy solution of the grave prob:
loma confronting them.
W"! to74£or'ita-°Weet the unity -atrufcgle fell upon the best and
(most- militant elements of thc city
workers. Russia was slaughtering:
fofr' .her most precious mechanics
ami Industrial workera (a loss from
'Which she is now suffering severely), while the slacker elements
either stayed aloof from tho army
altogether, or, having Joined it,
would leave in a few weeks time,
ifed 'up, with good clothes on their
.backs and rifles in their hands.
Under such conditions it was
manifestly impossible to build a
realj fighting force. Nor did the
Russian leaders hesitate beforo the
obvious remedy. Even as Ameri
can trade unionists, by setting tip
compulsory systems of dues, obe<
(Hence to strike votes, etc., (our
movement upon the volunteer system in these* matters), practically
compel the ignorant and Indifferent
On leaving Kamloops I went to
Mabel Lake, twenty miles from
Ederby, and held a meeting at
the Driving Camp of the Okun._gn.ti
Sawmills Co. (R, L. Rogegrs Co.)
There wero but five or six white
men working there, the reBt were
native sons (Indians). Twelve
dollars tn dues were collected.
The next place I called at was
Glacier. Thc flrst man I happened
to meet on going to the camps was
the time-keeper. He told me there
waa no need ln my going any further aince they did not want any
men and there was no sleeping
room ln any of the cabins, and he
made sure that I walked back with
I then called at the Columbia
River Lbr. Campa at Donald. On
the night of the 16th I spoke at
the Steel Gang Camp, but could
not get-any results. On the following morning I went to thc Grading
Camp and held a meeting In the
afternoon. There are quite a few
members here, but they are simply
trying to make a "wad stake,
howover, a delegate waa appointed
and the hoys agreed to stand behind him. The meeting was well
attended, there being present
about 90 men, practically all in the
The Kamloops District is pretty
hard hit, there being but three or
four jobs in the district, but there
are quite a few loyal fellows In
this district and the chances are
good that the district will hold
together during the coming winter.
The hall in Kamloops is on Vic
torla Street, and easy to reach, so
that all members going East should
drop In and spend a few houra in
that neat and attractive place.
It. H.
On the Proceedlnga of the Emergency Convention, held   in   Prince
Rupert on June 28, 1921.
To be filled out and mailed to the
Secretary,  J. H.   Burroughs,   Box
831, Prince Rupert, B. C, not later
than August 5th, 1921.
Name of voter	
File No	
Dues paid to month of 192...'.
Last receipt No	
(Membera more than three months
ln arrears cannot vote.)
For Membor of Central Exocutive
Board, L. W. I. U. of a
(Vote for One)
Doyon, P., Sedgwlok Bay	
McDonald, Hug. A., Sedgwick Bay
For Members of Branch Exocutive
Board, Princo Rupert
Vote for six.
Brown, Nelson, Breaker Bay	
Burke, A., Sedgwick Bay 	
Gagno, 2. P., Usk, O.T.P „._.
Jones, A. E., Swanaon Bay ,
King, Ed., Carnaby, G, T. P ,
Kobler, Victor, Kelly's Camp, Cumshewa  _ ,
Morris, Wm., Sedgwick Bay	
Reld, D„ Sedgwick Bay	
(Members absent front the District will cut thla out and mall as
Moscow.—The All-Russian Central Executive Committee has
granted the Socialist Academy IB,-
000,000 rubles In gold for the purchase of foreign scientific publications. A convention haa bcen signed, uniting the railway systems of
Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and
Armenia. Tho united Trnnscaucas-
ian railway administration will ba
looated at Titlla,.
workera to fight intelligently and
vigorously In*heir own behalf so
that Russian worker military
g.mlzers, proceeding upon identical
principles, found It necossary to In^
stitute discipline In order to enlist
the backward masses ln the vital
task of defending the revolution.
With the united support of the
trade unions they introduced compulsory military service. They
recognized an'd so did the great
mass of toilers, that there Is a
world of difference between conscription to defend your master's
Interesta and conscription to defend your own. Hence the Red
Army was founded upon compulsory service. Only workers and
poor peasants are allowed to become real soldiers; the Bons of rich
peasants and of doubtful city elements are kept at laboring work
about the camps.
Another grave problem which
the Rod Army had to face was the
system of army control and com-
mnnd. In the Czar's army extreme
bitterneaa existed between the officers and the rank and flle. The
former, who were exclusively aristocrats and bourgeois, lost no occasion to tyrannize over the common soldier. Hence, when the
revolution came, a natural demnnd
of the soldiers was for tho right to
elect their own officers. Thfa waa
grunted and tho systom introduced
into the old army, and later on into
the Red Guard after the farmor
had disintegrated.
The effect was chaos and general
demoralisation. Discipline vanished nnd tho military units degenerated into debuting societies. Elections of officers and commanding
committees followed each othor In
swift succession. Thare was
head or Ull to anything. Orders
would be given to a regiment and
then maybe a woek later word
Would be sont to hoadquarters that
after long consideration thc rogi
ment had decidod that the orders
woro impractical and should not be
obeyed. The efficiency of tho armed
forces as a fighting organization
was reduced aim nst to zero.
- The officers of the Red Army
met this Issue where the ruling
powers were ngainst the soldiers,
tary service. They pointed out the
weaknesses of the syatem of electing the officers by popular vote,
nnd declared that although this
measure was a perfectly natural
demand In an Imperialistic army
where tha ruling powers were
agninst the aoldlora, It was altogether out of place In a democratic
army, where the governmont wus
composed of workera and bound to
give the rank and file a square dent.
Surely auch a govornment could be
entrusted to nelcct the officers of
the army. This view prevailed
and the system of electing officers
by the common aoldlera was let
out of the Rod Army,
But where xould the government
securo tho necessary officers? The
workors themselvea knew littlo or
nothing of tho compHcatod business of modem war. Large numbers of ex-Czarist officers were at
hand, and many of them wanted
to Join the new army. But thoy
could not be trusted and a violent
prejudice exlstod against them.
Finally, however, many of thom
were accepted and put at tho heads
of the troops. But tnelr authority
waa limited to purely military
matters. Side by aide with them
were placed Soviet Com mission era,
who looked after the political work
of the army. They attended to
the education of the aoldlera and
made them understand what ths
revolution meant. They also saw
to it that the decrees of the government ware carried out and that
the army waa not used against the
Interests of the revolution. Ill
fared the offlcera Indeed, who ventured to engage in treasonable
Exploited Old Officers.
The general plan waft to exploit
the knowledge of the old time officers, but not to let them secure any
real power. And ao well was thla
done that the government has been
able to educate large numbers of
worker officers and to build up a
workers army and tbe claaa
monopoly of military knowledge haa been Anally broken. Military experts declare that lf thla
had not been done the workera
could not have constructed an up-
to-date army and carried on modern warfare.
And ao It was with a whole mass
of problems, many of them unique
ln military experience. The Red
Army triumphed over all of them
and was able to crushingly defeat
Russia's multttudoua cnemlea. In
the United Statea we make much
ado over the difficulties of the
army ln the American revolution,
but, compared with the overwhelming obstacles that con-
fronted the Red Army, Its troubles
were negligible. Aa it now stands
the Red Army la enormous In size
and power. Juat what its numbers
are la not to be learned but It is
generally conceded to be the most
powerful military organization In
the world.
There is a studied effort being
made by enemies of Russia
make it appear that the Red
Army is the same aa other armies
and has all their ajlingsX But this
Is decidedly not the*caae. The Red
Army ia Just as dlfforent from
capitalistic armies as the Soviet
government Ib different from capitalistic governments. It Ib pervaded throughout with a democratic spirit totally unknown In
other military organizations. Between the officers and aoldlera a
feeling of brotherhood prevails
they dress exactly alike and address each other aa "comrade."
Tho Red Army is a people's army,
defending the  people's interest.
The Red Army ls an organized
crusade for the revolution. So
militant and contagious Is Its prole,
tarlan spirit that Its leaders can
truthfully boast that "White." European troops cannot be used successfully against It. When faced
by such soldiers the Red Army, In
addition to its Iron resistance, sets
it's great propaganda machine in
operation. The prisoners captured
are fed, entertained, educated and
taken about the country to see the
proletarian institutions of Russia.
Then they are returned to their
own lines. Besides thla, large
quantities of literature are published and distributed to the enemy
troops, pointing out to them how
they are being duped by their
masters and why they have n<
interest to carry on the war. Usu
ally tho result is not long In showing itself. Soon the enemy aoldiers,
most of whom, of course, are working men, wake up to the true
situation and refuse to flght their
Russian brothers. This haa beon
the case time after time. Not even
American troops could withstand
the Red Army propaganda,
thoir revolt ln Siberia proves.
All told the Red Army Is a
marknble institution and a fitting
Instrument to defend the great
Russian revolution.
Communism andChristianlam:^"',-,,! _
Hsrs-sa sal DarMsJaa pelsta si .lew. By WUUaa Kntgosury Bran,
DJ>. Tk. wriur, a M_hop ia tks Episcopal C-urak, nIlea auparastarallaB
la rellflea and -spllallsn in polities. . .__
Cmmenta: "Oa. ef th. moat extraordinary aal annihilating reeks t
hare stm read. It wW ahak. th. wnntrr." "I sat) it a ear-Ma. ftt-M
Is se_-__dln»:—Baalah the (ode Stem tk. eh, tal sasdtslMs   (rsat   Ik*
"It aaa. Uk. a nutMr asrsss a dark" •_, ud'U MM ass Mtat."
Blake, Brown ia Ik* rainearnaHM et Tkemas Mb. snd Us hwkSth.
Me si
i all
•It wll] «. • wwadssM wart la tkis lla pnassaa
"A rsauus-aH* _o_k Vf a HSMiksHi sua sf sssssss
srUS la aB klstorr."
Inters.! to all."
v   PahlUhed la O.loter, 1.10.   ritUath Tkenaaad asw net,. _J» H_*s;
alotk »1.00; paper, ts rente, or sll c.j.l-1 »1.__, postpaid.
The Bradford-Brown Educational Oe, Ine.        PrtJiahari
100 Smith Uaion Street Gallon, Ohio
Scrap OoU and SUrer and Old Jeweliy Botsght
Ask Communists to
Tarn Kirn's Evidence
(Continued from page 1)	
munlsta In England, Is a progressive weekly. Three months avo
the circulation wu but 6000. Now
It ha* Jumped to (0,000. This
necessitated using a rotary presa.
A publishing company agreed to
print the sheet. But ths owners of
the works cancelled the contrast
on Insistence from outside quarters.
The aame happened when the new
Labor Press Company considered
printing it. Here the printers'
union took an attitude hostile to
the "Communist," and even refused tp set up several columns In
a recent number.
The Communist, therefore, Is reduced to a primitive old press and
must have a Ave days' start to run
off (0,000 each weak. Were It not
tor this difficulty the circulation
would Jump over night to 90,000,
Mr. Meynell declares, because tha
number of readers grows with the
prolongation of Industrial warfare
and general discontent.
Various efforts havs been made
to prevent the sale of the paper on
the nows stand-. An unsigned article was circulated In some of the
large papers that sellers of the
Communist would lay themselves
open "to line and Imprisonment.
Mr, Meynell does not find that
tho Communists are getting any
support from the leaders ot the
labor party or the independent
labor party.
Wo main ladlai' OanmU
Blfht Hmin Vanooavor
—the eejaal ta style atat ssaart-
nc-e etimy offered la Qusada.
■aits, .Snmss,   Omm,   SU—tk.
sll tke aew ahailss   osaqlS-i liaes
fsr yo ■-—.--
Ws eO_r these far-Mats Merer ttae
ettalaets aa Ike adddhaMa't trolls.
OlMk A Suit Oo.
Wt HAffllWl It., »« OnartlH
Moacow—A government decree
givea to the People's Commissariat
of Health sole control of nil health
rcaorta throughout Soviet territory.
Another decree Initruota the Peo-
ple'a CommiHB-irlat of Education,
acting through the duly-appointed
custodian, to preaerve Yasnaya
Polyana (the home to Tolstoy),
a National Totatoy Mtim'um and
Educational Centre. All agricultural lands adjoining the estate are
handed over to a Tolstoy.in Com
munlat Industrial group whloh will
govern the same automonmously.
Rttasla and Poland
Revel—Rosta Wlen: Representative-! of the Russian and Polish
governments have carried on negotiations at the station of .Stotbtay
for the concluaion of a railway
convention between the two coun
COUNCIL—Treaidont, R. W. Hatley;
aeeretary, J. O, Smith. Meets 3rd Wed.
nesday eaeh mo- th in the Pender Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe streets.
Phone  Sey.  281
Vancouver Unions
Drive; raeordlng-aperetary, t. _. Griffin,
447— 8th Avenue East; treasurer, E. S.
Cleveland; flnanciat-ssarstBr? and litis!'
nesa agent, iW. H. Cottrell, 4308 Dum*
fries Struet; offlcd cornar Prior and Alain
Sts.   Phone Pair 3004B.
The Oliver Rooms
-SvSFything Modern
Rales ReaaonaMa
Klndllog Free
mo aiiANVlLLK sey. tito
"A flood Place to Eat"
Cigar Store
ALUBl")    I'ttlMTINtf
cil—Meeta    aeoond
month.    President, J.
Monday    ln    tha
T. McConntll; sss-
retary. It. II. Neelands, I'. O, Box 60.
need  bricklayers or masons  for boiler
works,   etc.,   or   marble   setters,   phone
Brieklayera*  Union, Labor Temple.
0., maata every Tsesday evening
at 8 p.m. in the O. 8. V. Hnll, flOl Pan-
dor St. W. Secretary, E. Hornburgk. Pander HaU.
O. B. U.—President, E. Andre; secretary, W. Servioe. Heeta 2nd and 4th
Wednesday in eaoh month in Ponder Hall,
cor. of Pender and Howe streets. Phone
Soy.   201
neera, Local 840—International Union
of Steam and Operating Engineers meots
every 2nd and 4th Friday at 8 p.m., B19
Pender Streot West. O. Kiley, 20114
Mahon Avenue, North Vancouvor; aeeretary, P. Bradley. 1702 McSpadden Street,
Vancouvor, B. U.	
ployoes, Local 28—Meeta every aecond
Wednesday In the month at 2:80 p.m.
and overy fourth Wodnesday in the month
at 8:80 p.m. President, John Cumming!,
secret--y and business agent, A. Oraham.
Office and meeting hall, 441 Soymonr St.
V.. Pkoao Sey, 1681. Office houra, 8
agt, to fi p.
Association,    Loeal    38-53—Offlee and
hall,   152   Cordova   01.   W.     Meets  Irst
and  third   Fridays,    8   p.m,    SecreUry-
treasurer,  T.  NUon;   business  agent,  P.
era' Union—Meeta Snd and 4th Mun
days. President, J. E. Dawson, 1646 Yew
St., Kitsilano; aeeretary, E. T. Kolly,
1850 Hastings St. E.; rocordlng secretary,
L. Holdsworth, 589—14th St. W-, North
UNION Of CANADA—An Industrial union of all workera in logging and construction camps. Coast Dlitrlet and Oeneral Hesdiiuartera, 61 Oordova St. W., Vancouver, B. 0. Phona Soy.
Y856. J. M. Clarke, pen?ml aeorolary-
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs, Biro,
Macdonald A 0o., Vancouver, B. C.; auditors, Messrs. Buttar A Chiene, Vancouver, B. C.    ___
Meeta last Sunday of each month al
" p.m. President, C. H. Collier; v_ta»
jiresldent, E. H. Gough; secretary-
treasurer, R. H.  Neelands, Box 66.
of tho O. B. U. meata on the flrat and
third Wednesday of ovary mouth. All
numbers in this diatrict ara invited to
Provincial Unions
and   Laber   Oounall— Heats   Irst  set
third Wedneadara, £nl|>fa of Frtklaa
Hall, Morth Park Street, at ■ n.m. Prudent, O. SWerta; vlee-pmtd-iit, R. II*
llott; eecrctary'treeaure-, K. ... Wood*
ward, P. O. Bor 308, Tleterla, B. O.
Pglljjjg BOT11T, B. O.
Conncil, O.  11.   IF.    Branch...: Prlnea
Rupert District PleheriM Beard, OBD.i
Mrlalllfarona    Minera'    District Board.
O.B.U.      Secr.ary-trea.nrer,    _, 0.   Ban
217. Prince Rii|ii-rt.
Guaranteed Coal
If oor coal is not satisfactory to you, after you
hare thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
eoal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
You to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
PheaM Soymour 1441 ud 401}
fiuy at a onion novo.
-Afflltated with Tradea and Labor Council and Theatrical Federation, Vsneourer.
President, ,T. R. Poster; secretary and
treasurer, Loeksley Clark, P. O. Box 846.
Ofllce and meeting room, 310 London
Building, Pender St. W. Regular meeting night, lirst-Sunday In each month at
7:30 p.m, Business Agont, W, Wool-
ridge.   Phono Fraser 237L.   	
NORTH AMERICA {Vancouver and
Vicinity) —Branch moots 1st and Srd
Moiidoys, :il9 Ponder St. W. President,
O. Hoys, Contral Park P. O., South Vancouver; (irni-ii'ijil secretary, K. A. Ood-
dard, 856 Bichards St.: Recording Secretary,  J.  L.   Irvine,   340—10th   St.   W.,
North   Vancouver.	
rat ore. and Paper!) an kith oi* America,
Local i:ts, Vaneourer—Monts 2nd and
4th Thursdays at 148 Cordora St. W.
Phona Sey. 8491. Business agent, R. A.
en Bridgemen, Derrlckmcn and Riggers
ol Vancouvor nnd vicinity. Meots every
Monday, 8 p.m., In U. v.. V. Hail, 104
Pender St. W. President. W. Tucker;
f-nnnoial secretary and business agent, C.
An demon. Phone Hcyin.mr 201. _
Emplnyoea, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. O. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant
1st and Srd Mondaya at lO.lfi a.m. and •
p.ra. Prosidont, P. A Hoover, 2400 Clarke
Clearing Sale Prices
«0 pair of Man's Oil drain Work   Boots.     Rsgular  J7.00  valus.
SUt-hlng Is strong and serviceable and good «t>l- net
weight soles, at    spO.UU
A hand-made army groin
boot, made In my own factory
to sell at |10.r,i). Special,
whilo they
Men'a Beaver Brown recede tot
drus shoei; Qoodyear wtlt
■oles; aa rood a hoot aa
you want,  .
Men's Brown Canvas, leather
box toe, leather heel and
leather counter. No llbre In
soles or heels. Art  __(_
Special at  $UetfO
A high trad* calf shoe In a
rich dark mahogany.   8tralght
last.   Heavy single i
sole.   Special at...
Misses' Patent Strap  Slippers,
In sizes 11-1.   To
Boya' good grade DresH Shoe.
Juat thn kind for  him   before
the hoftvy ones.
Spoclally priced..
Sandals ot good quality calf, In
sizes 11-1. While *| £_f_
they last  91.00
Boys'  Blaok Box   Kip   Shoe.
Solid   leather   throughout.    A
renl boot for
hu nl   wear at
liAI>Il;s' t,\_■onus KHDUCED
Ladles'    Patent   Lonlhor   Oi-     Black   kid,   black    calf    and
fords.    Begular      d__f\C     ^.a.0."   ,0",f(m!?;    8»w"*
$0.95   " ,80° t*tultT*v- td OR
H.OO value at....    ▼»»••»"»'     now   «PU.i70
Pierre- Paris51 ISP" PAGE FOUR
no. _g   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FJHUflKATIOMST    Vancouver, b. o.
FRIDAT ..„ ■■■■'..July 22, 1921
Boys' Di'imi'tmeiit—Seiond Floor
Silk Striped Madras Shirts
Formerly Worth $6.50
Now Selling at
Canada's Largest Exclusive
Store for Men and Boys
■AIL ORDERS—All Charges Prepaid.
Satisfaction or Honey Baok.
Identically those fine Madras shirts—silk
striped, that until a few weeks ago you were
paying $6.50 for. Ideal for the summer
weather. Light, elegant and cool. Beautifully made from fine quality Madras enhanced by silk stripes in the newest summer
colors. These handsomely dressy shirts are
cut on roomy lines. They have the new
broad, double French cuffs which hang "just
right"; pre-shrunk neck to fit your collar exactly; double-sewn seams and pearl buttons.
Finely finished in every detail; shown in all
the favored, tasteful shades. Formerly
worth $6.50. All sizes A o ng
now selling %P*>*vD
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
153 Hastings Street West
Moscow.—A government decree
published July 10 authorizes the
leasing of Industrial enterprises to
co-operative and other associations
and also to private Individuals,
Minor industries can be leased by
the local economic councils subject to tho approval of the contract by the higher council. The
lessees must observe all soviet
laws and trade union regulations
concerning labor conditions, workers' protection, safety, etc.
The contract can be revoked
only by popular tribunals. The
lessees may accept private orders,
but they cannot get money from
the state or material subsidies for
such manufacturing. They may,
however, import machinery from
abroad subject to authorization
by the supreme council of public
Sydney, N. S. W.—The New
South Wales Labor government is
planning Insurance against unemployment. A bill will shortly be
introduced Into the parliament
along those lines.
Hand the Fed. to your shopmate
when vou are through with It
At $15.00 a Pair, 10-inch Top, Made to Your
We Guarantee Theee Boots to Hold Caulks and to give you better
all round satisfaction than any other boot on the market, irrespective of price.   Order your pair today.
Send your repairs by mail.   We can save you time and money.
The "New Method" Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
AU O. B. V. Help—3S7 OARRALL ST.—Fhone Seymour 8217
All men who were Claimants in the Lawsuit
for Wages Against the Premier Mine Co. are
requested to send their names and addresses to
Central Laber Council
What a Beautiful Place!
This Exclamation Is Frequently Made' by Visitors When They
Arrive at
Whloh Is Reached by the North Vancourer Route o_ Hit
^ Through Thirteen Miles of Beautiful Scenery
lt is the children's paradise.    Playgrounds with free swings,
and picnic tables installed in a shady park.
A safe beach for bathing or paddling.
Refreshments and accommodation obtainable at two hotels.
Depot adjoining Ferry Wharf, North Vancouver.
Return Fare 75c—Good day of issue only.
Timetables Stalled on Application to Passenger Department.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Vancouver Block Soymour 9547 and North Van 800
New Inquisition
Now Dominates Spain
(Continued from page 1)
All Suits Reduced
Specially Priced.
Much Reduced
C. D. Bruce
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
1st." Jordan received six deep
wounds from the assassin's knife,
any one of which would have been
fatal. Many of the assassins are
professionals, released from pen!'
tentiaries for the purpose.
Thousands Jailed,
Since the appointment last
December of Martinez Anldo as
military government by the then
Premier and Minister of the Interior Dato thousands of workers and
writers who have" dared to tell the
truth have been Jailed, deported
and assassinated or taken afoot
under escort of mounted civil
guards from one end of the country
to the other. After the forming
of the new cabinet and ln the face
of criticism of the causes supposed to have been responsible for
the assassination.of Premier Dato,
the new minister of the interior.
Gugallal, denied In parliament that
syndicalists were still being taken
"en conduccton," But your correspondent is in receipt of authentic Information that tends to prove
that workers until lately were being driven on foot over the highways of Spain by mounted elvtl
To cite a case ln point; Manuel
Nunez, Francisco Pomar Alvarez,
Santos Garcia and Hilarlo lonez,
all- Madrid workers, one of them
arrested shortly after his return
from service with the Spanish
army ln Morocco, and others while
attending union meetings or In
union halls, arrived at Redondela,
near Vigo, May 17, after having
been on the road since February
18, when they left Madrid. They
wero part of n much larger group,
but the others either dropped by
the way or were held over in some
of the various jails they passed
a few nights In on the way, Much
as Valladolld, Salamanca, Orense
and Ponteveiira,
Much Suffering.
Due to the fact that most of
the workers thus taken "en conducclon" were from the cities and
Industrial centres and therefore
unused to the inclemencies of the
weather and the opon road, there
was much suffering among them,
and during last winter many fell
sick and some died as a result
of the cold, being thinly clad and
poorly fed, often with their shoes
worn out Snd their blood making
tracks on the snow.
All that Is corrupt and vile ln
the presont regime Ib In full clash
with those who advocate a bettor
order of things in the Iberian Pen^
Insula.' The fiersecuted Spanish
workers ask that if possible a boycott he made effective on all Spanish goods, so that the practical
solidarity of their fellow workors
the world over may be felt by
their oppressors.
Third International Hears
Report on Activities
of Socialists
MOSCOW.—"ForgerieB" is the
single, simple designation given to
newspaper stories published In cere
tain British papors and purporting
to be extracts from Russian papers,
telling of "defeats" suffered by
Soviet troops In Siberia, There has
been no such stories in the Russian
Fabrication also, officials of the
Russian government declare, is the
"telegram to Litvinoff," published
in English papers as evidence thot
the Third International ls sending
$250,000 to Krassin, the Russian
trade commissioner, to the Sinn
Fein movement in Dublin.
There are
Reasons Why
I get results when others
fail. Twelve years' actual
Dr. W.Lee Holder
Hours:    1 to 5 Mon., Wed.;
Frl., 1 to S
Sey. 8583 Bay. 4023B
74 Fairfield Bldg.
(Fourth Floor)
Special Consideration
Given to French
Moscow, June' 27th, "Rosta
Wlen."—The sitting of the Third
International on June 27th began
with a report of Sinovjev. Characterizing the relations of the
Communist International to the
French Socialist Party Comrado
Sinovjev stated that lt had been
decided to accept the French
Socialist Party but at the same
time to take Into account the peculiarities of their position. One
had to remember that at the time
of Its entry into the Communist
Party the French Party had not
completed Its flrst split. One had
to remember that the Communist
groups were not very numerous
and that the most of their leaders
were .in gaol. Concerning Longuet,
said Comrade Sinovjev, the question was addressed to him as to
whether he would accept the
twenty-one conditions. Longuet did
not accept the conditions, and he
and his party we're expelled. It
was as if we had concluded a
tacit bargain with the best French
comrades. We gave, them several
months so that they could carry
out the regrouping of .their forces
and settle their work of organization., .The developments in France
are showing progress and on this
account the Executive, has had
patience with the party. .That doea
not signify, howeveri that the congress must not point put that
danger threatens the French Party
from the side of the Opportunists,
However we have confidence in the
French Party who number over
100,000 members..
In the Czecko-Slovakia we have
a Party whose members are con
sclous proletariat. We hope that
the Czecko-Slovak Party will soon
overcome the Centrist tendencies.
Also In Norway the Communist
Party Is strong and healthy. In
Sweden the road between pacific
Ism and Communism Is now being
traversed. In the last year we
have carried out not only splits
but also unions. Formerly there
were eight different Communist
groups in England and these were
successfully united into one Communist Party. The same was also
true of America where the Communist Party can show a strong
The splits of the Socialist Parties
and the unification of the Communist Parties has great significance. The events which are going on ln Austria, Denmark and
Belgium have great significance,
especially ita Belgium, where the
movement supports itself chiefly
upon the trade unions, and in
which the Communists have succeeded in obtaining a foot hold.
A large movement is now making
Itself noticeable ln Switzerland. In
Roumania we have at our disposal
a good strong Party. The Roumanian government had aU those
arrested who pronounced themselves for the Communist International.
Also In Jugo-Slavia It has come
to a separation from the Centrist
elements. In Finnland the Communist movement is, illegal but in
ppite of the White Terror Is growing. The labour movement in
Japan is now in the same position
as the Russian labour movement
previous to the year 1906. In the
Far East many trade unions have
been organized and press activity
has evolved properly. There is no
land where there has been no split
within the Parties. Comrade Sinovjev closed his speech with a reference to the fact that the struggle
with Amsterdam and "the Trade
Union question is the moBt important of the questions for the
Comunist International. Amidst
great applause he called upon the
delegates to build up a strong Central and strong sections. The proletariat must display iron energy
in the struggle with the bourgeois.
Trotsky Replies to
Secretary Hughes
(Continued from page 1)
Soviet armies are expressly comprised of the experienced workers.
Thus the mobilization imposed upon
the Soviet government by the intervention of France, England and
America hit Russian Industry
harder thap did the imperialist
Industry Interlinked.
'The argument that the ruined
industries were independent of> foreign countries before - the war,"
continued Trotsky, "exhibits an
amazing forgotfulness of i the
ABC's of economics. All branches
of industry are interlinked and inter-dependent. Russia before the
war was a component part ol the
world's economic system and become even more closely dependent
upon the entente countries during
the war. The blockade immediately severed these vital ties* As a result all the most important
branches of Russian Industry
suffered and In individual cases
frequently were paralyzed for the
lack of small essential parts previously Imported from abroad. For
Instance, we lack many precise
measuring Instruments, as well as
such articles as spiral drills. For
coal mining we lack the necesary
flat and round metal cables,
formerly obtained from England or
"To begin manufacturing those
articles ln an economically exhausted country, isolated from the
rest of the world, naturally presents tremendous difficulties. The
wire screens used in our paper
mills were also foreign Importations and the shortage of these luis
greatly handicapped our paper Industry. This list could be multiplied many times.    There was not
single Industry In Russia whicli
Wants  to   Start  Something.
Bdltor B. C. Ferderatlonist
Dear Sir:
Allow me to draw your attention
to an Idea, that I thoroughly
believe will be to your benefit.
Allow a few columns of your
paper for letters of discussion;
both for and against your policies;
with editorial comment on the subjects; for by so doing you would
interest and do more good by
drawing together, men of different
creeds, which is the present bugbear of labour; the best method to
produce converts ts by sensible
arguments, not by abuse.
At the present day, we are face
to face with the imperative need of
organization; there are thousands
out of work, and although your
idea, labour produces wealth, and
doles are Just returns; still, lt does
not alter the fact, that men In only
fair living jobs will hot acknowledge lt; the O. B. U. fell flat because It demanded fees, and no- returns; all these things have got to
be reckoned .with; there are thousands who have not the price of a
meal, how can they pay dues? yet
its the organized body of humanity
that counts; the unemployed; radicals, moderates and all workers
must be brought together; whether
thetr Ideas differ, there ls one common ground for all, methods of
general labour Improvements, politics, taxes and economies, these all
heed to be understood; for instance
I will start the argument, why not
tax all Idle money not In circulation, 76 per cent, to pay for employment assurance and old age
pensions; why does not the
worker's council organize all unemployed; why separate labour by
army methods, etc?
J. O.
Vancouver, B. C,
July 14th.
Editor, B. C. Federatlonist.
Comrade. Being a union man I
feel it my duty to forward you a
general outline of the affairs to
date regarding the Lumber Industry around the Kaslo District, No
doubt you have received news
from this district previously.
Though not quite the real inside
The timber that is being manufactured here is owned and controlled by tho firm known as How-
land and Waltz. One of the many
United States firms operating in
Canada, This company Is being
managed by a man named Farrol.
who appears to be a better book'
keeper and Union-bucker than a
Sometime ago our Secretary, T.
Roberts, from Sandon, arrived at
the camps to collect dues and distribute literature through the Io.
callty. He was promptly for
warded a lawyer's letter to the
effect that proceedings would follow providing he did not keep out
of the camps, nevertheless our
secretary was not to be thwarted,
he Immediately received response
from the members, with the outcome that wo have a delegate in
eaeh camp to line up the 4pys
and collect dues.
This outfit entirely ignore the
Semi-monthly payment of Wages
Act. Some of the men have not
received any pay for April or May,
and no cheques have been forwarded to any of the camps since
March. Which Is tn violation of
the B. C. Semi-Monthly payment
of Wages Act. We have forwarded
the facts to the Provincial Government, with the result that we are
in receipt of a letter that was aent
to the company, nevertheless, the
cheques are not forthcoming. It
seems queer that the Provincial
Government would stand for an
American outftr lo come across and
Ignore the laws of the province,
and provide their own, and what
Is more enforce them.
Yours for solidarity,
Delegate 72377.
Kaslo, B. C. July 12th, 1921.
Counsel for L. C. Martens
Alleges Vessels Were
The regular monthly business
meeting of the Junior Labor
League will be held tonight, Friday, at the club rooms, 62 Dufferln
street west, at 8 p.m. The meeting
ls an Important one and a good
attendance fs essential.
The league Intends to make the
holding of a camp for the young
folks of the labor movement an
annual event. Last year the camp
was not very strong, but it was a
start. This year tt ls much
stronger, and It ls to, be hoped that
the league will be tn a position
by next yenr to have a permanent
camp of Its own. The league ls
Indebted this year as lt was last
year' to friends well-known ln
workers' circles for their camp.
There ts accommodation for a
few more and information can be
obtained by phoning Fair. 1610.
The camp will be held for the
month of August, at White Rock.
Agent   of   Non-Existent
Government Is the
(By The Federated Press)
New York.—For some time the
steamships Pensa and Tobolska,
formerly the property of the Russian czar's government, have been
at anchor on the Hudson River
here off 186th Street They had
been seized In Cuban waters by
agents of Boris Bakmetieff, "ambassador" In Washington of a Russian government which no longer
exists and sold by Bakmteteff U
Ivan V. Shestakowsky and the so-
called "Russian Volunteer Fleet."
Charles Recht of this city, counsel in the United Statea for L. C.
Martens, deported trade representative of the Russian Soviet republic, flled suit in the admiralty division of the federal district court,
alleging the ships were stolen by.
Bakhmetteff ahd illegally sold by
htm, and asking that they be turned over to the representatives of
the Soviet, government
The court granted Mr. Recht'S
plea that the ships be taken from
the possession of the present hold
ers pending the outcome of the
suit The court order was placed
ln the hands of process servers,
who proceeded at once to the Hudson where they had been moored.
The ships were gone.
It wilt be necessary, probably,
Mr. Recht said, to obtain another
process which may be served In
another state, as It Is believed the
ships have been taken away from
New York following a "tip" to the
present holders that court action
was Impending.
This proceeding, however, Is expected to involve much more than
the mere, possession of the two
ships whtch formed a small part of
the Russian property and supplies
Illegally sold by the bogus Russian
ambassador to support himself and
his retinue and his propaganda machine in America. Immediately
after filing the suit Mr. Recht telegraphed Secretary Hughes in
Washington requesting him not to
Issue Bakhmetleff a certificate aB
ambassador from Russia, which
would be required before he could
testify tn a United States court.
The response of the secretary of
state will determine, for the time
being, the precise attitude of the
administration toward the self*
styled ambassador who- still as accorded all diplomatic and social
privileges in Washington despite
tho fact that he represents no government.
A similar suit, brought In a federal court In California to recover
for the Russian Socialist federated
republic the vessel "Radgai" was
decided against the Soviet govern
ment when the court accepted the
statement of Robert Lansing, the
secretary of State, that the Soviet
government was not in fact a gov
.The sale of the Pensa and the
Tobolska by Bakhmetleff was made
in the face of the fact that Recht,
counsel for Martens, had published In New York newspapers a
warning that the ships wore the
property of the Russian Soviet republic, and that no agents, save
those of the Soviet government had
any right to dispose of them. The
price paid to Bakhmetleff Is said to
have been only one-fourth of their
actual value. It Is said the present
owners had been negotiating the
re-sale of tho ships to a yacht club.
The action brought by Recht on
behalf of Martens as agent and represent atlve of the Russian Soviet
government,^ to recover the vessels,
asks also that the court award such
damages as it may deem fit against
the defendants for their alleged
wrongful action. It is also asked
that the court issue a general motion against all persons claiming
interest ln the vessels to appear
and answer as to how they came
Into possession of the ships, and
to the uses to which they have
since put them.
Want Agreement Revised.
The Waterfront Employors
Association haB notified the local
Longshoremen's Association that it
is deslrious of revising the exlst-
agreement, at the end of this
Moscow.—A former worker of
the Russian Central Machine Factory, who la now employed In
Khiva, has Invented a new agricultural machine. It Is a combination of motor plow, mower and
binder. The Commissariat for
Agriculture In Khtva has decided
to construct a number of machines
of this type.
was not directly or Indirectly dependent upon foreign countries before the war. If Mr. Hughes were
able to grasp these phenomena ln
their Inward economic significance
and world-wide inter-relations he
would have to say: 'The fact that
Russia, divorced from the world's
oconomic system, shaken and exhausted, flrst by the Imperialist
war, ahd then by the civil war, has
been able, under ths soviet government, to withstand three years of
uninterrupted Intervention and
wars, and to feed, clothe and
equip an army at times exceeding
6,000,000 men—this fact ts nothing
less than a miracle. No other regime, under similar circumstances,
could have developed such vitality ••
Contemptible   Action   Is
Adopted Against New
Guinea Germans
By W. Francis Ahern
(Fed,   Press  Staff  Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. W.—The deportation of German settlers from their
homes In ex-German New Guinea
now mandated to Australia by
the League of Nations—has begun,
and at the time of writing they are
passing through Australia en route
to Germany. These settlers have
been deprived of their land and
possessions and when they asked
that compensation be paid them
they were calmly told that their
possessions were being seized as a
set-off against the German indemnity.
Even after the order went forth
to evict the German settlers and
sequestrate their property, they
were not allowed to go in peace.
That did not suit those In control
of the Australian anti-Labor federal government. They were compelled to remain and work on their
own properties as employees for
the benefit of the government so
that the lands might be kept ln
good order for the country that
dispossessed them. And in case
they demurred, an act of parliament was brought forward to enslave them.
Under this act tt was declared
that once a property was seized no
person employed upon it could be
discharged or cease work without
the consent of the government un-
See Our
MEN'S $10 and $12 OXFORDS $4.95
BOOTS _   $7.95
MEN'S WORK SHOES ...:, :...: $4.45
The Men's and Boys' Shoe Specialists. .
15-Day Close-Out Sale
This big clothing institution, with Us 15 years of prestige for
Integrity and uprightness, again comes to the aid of the people
of Vancouver.    No  man can afford to miss this sale—it's an
opportunity to secure good suits for Immediate and later wear -
at an extraordinary saving.
Every Suit tn the Store Is Included In Tills Btg Close-out' Sale.
Absolutely Nothing Hold Back    <
SUITS that
were (22.(0..
SUITS that
were J37.60..
SUITS that
were 127.6-..
SUITS that
were $44.60...
der penalty of a flne of ¥600 or six
months' jail.
Not content with this, the Australian federal government Introduced a further law compelling the
unfortunate Oerman settlers to spy
against one another by fixing heavy
penalties if they refused to do so.
This amazing law set out that "any
person, Arm or company having
knowledge, Information or possession of any books, documents or
papers, or any record of any transaction In any way relating to any
prescribed company, national, or
estate, shall forthwith supply and
deliver all such Information and
matters to the board without being
so required to do so," And failure
to comply with this regulation was
punishable by a fine of 92,600 or
one year in Jail, or both.
It ahould be noted that Australia
was under a moral obligation to respect private property ln New
Guinea. When the Oerman governor of New Guinea surrendered to
the Australian military forces ln
1914 he did not do so unconditionally. It was expressly stipulated in
the termi- of the surrender that
private property was to be respected. This stipulation was accepted by Australia.
You may wish to help The Fed-
erattontot. You can do so by renewing your subscription promptly and
sending in tho subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
Dental Plates
a Specialty
Orowni, Bridges ind Fillings nad.
tbt tuns shade si  your natural
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dental Art Establishment
OUO Corner Robson
Over Owl Drue Store.   Ser. 5288
Put a one-cent 'stamp on  thl.
paper and mall It to a friend.
Buy at a union store.
Bring your work to a to.-notcher,
256 KINGSWAY (Cor. Broadway)
O. J. Mengel
Writes all classes of Insur*
ance. Representing only first-
class Board companies. If Insurance is wanted, write or
phone Sey. 5626.
Office address, 712 Board of
Trade Bldg., Vancouver, B.C.
Labor and Socialist |
can be obtained at
The International
Book Shop
Cor. Hastings and Columbia
Mall Orders promptly
Attended to
Seattle Union Record carried
H. Walton
Specialist  tn   Electrical    Trealments.l
Violet Rajr and High Frequency fori
Rheumatism,  Sciatica,  Lumbago, Pwl
alysis.  Hair   and   Scalp   Treat men ti,|
Chronic 'Ailments.
Phone Stymour  S04S
10B Hastings Street Welt.
Largest Mens' Store
.In the Wert
flow Much? Ms
a Fair Question
Every sensible man iij
vitally interested in hov
much a suit costs. Ho\(
much you pay is imporj
tant, of course; but that il
only half of it. A greal
deal depends on how mucll
you are getting. "Hovf
much" when applied to tha
price of these suits, isn't
much after all. The prica
is mighty reasonable. Bui
"How much" applied to
the quality is a great deal|
**Your Money's Worth or Yout
Monoy Bnck"
Wm. Dick Ltd.]
45-47-49 Hastings Street East


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