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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 10, 1922

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$2.50 PER YEAR
[oover Plays with
the Lives of Millions
of Russian People
imcd to Destroy Independent Relief Organizations
and to Prevent Show of Solidarity with
Russian Workers—Sabotaged on Relief
from Congress
[By Merits J. Loeb, fer the Fed
erated Press)
[Editor's  Note:—The   following
I. an article by the isecretasy of
|1e Chicago division of the frl • ._..
Soviet   Rusia,   on    Secretary
jloover and Bussian relief]:
I UST what la- Herbert Hoover's
game, In his   relations   with
the Ruaslan relief work, is no
onger a mystery.   When the flrst
[lews oame of the American offer
give relief to Russia, and when
became known that the Amerl-
an  Relief Administration   under
ioover would be the medium by
jrhlch the relief would be dlstri.
[>uted, it was   natural   for   every
riend of the Russian revolution to
ave grave doubts as to the sin.
rlty of the American otter.   The
Evidence of Hoover's part in. the
Moody defeat of Soviet Hungary
Vas all too horrible and unanswer-
It was natural that Hoover
vas suspected of planing another
ounter-revolutionary plot,
Those who gave out the warning
—d perhaps too Uttle confidence
the political sagacity pf the Soviet authorities.    Hoover has not
able to duplicate his Hun-
n     adventures     In     Soviet
Russia.   He was too wise to make
fthe obvious offer otter   of   bread
pi the price of the revolution. But
► hose who mistrusted Hoover and
litelt that there were some ulterior
notive that moved him and   the'
lame-lean administration to mako
fhe otter of relief had plenty of
round for their suspicions.   The
art Hoover has played in the Rus-
an relief has been what could
bave been logically expected from
his past record.
To those who did not know the
llnslile story of the 120,000,000 appropriation It appeared   that  the
nerlcan government had suffered
great change of heart and was
ally beginning to recognise   the
Igreat debt that the American gov-
Steward Is Insulted and
Crew Make Common
In a late. January Issue, the Lon-
lon Dally Herald publishes the
following unique story of working
:lass activities: _ _   ___,	
Paris—A remarkable atory of a
utlny on a French liner, which
calls In some respects a famous
utlny on a French warship In the
Hack Sea, ls told In a Marseilles
The steamer Amazon, with 600
[passengers on board, left that port
last September, and the tale of her
troubled voyage has now reached
Wben the ship was nearing the
of Ceylon, a dispute arose late
one night between a steward and a
Urst-class passenger, and the steward refused to serve the latter any
longer, on the ground that he had
been Insulted., Another passenger,
who intervened with caustic com-
ients on stewards In general, came
Under.the stewards' ban also.
The dispute spread, and the
'hole of the crew an* the englne-
yoom squads made common cause
'With tho insulted man.
In the morning the captain was
requested by the representatives of
.the Bailors Union on board to order
the second passenger off the ship
at Colombo, and on his refusal, the
■Ulors, engineers and .stwards took
possession of the ship.
Tho union Representatives Informed the captain that henceforth
their orders only would be obeyed,
and that the vessel would not continue Its voyage until the offending
faaaenper had been put ashore.
No work was done aboard,' and
offorts at intervention by the
French consul at Colombo proved
Finally, a telegram came from
lhe headquarters bf the men's union
at Marseilles, informing the mutinous crew that negotiations were in
progress with the shipping company
•nd In the meantime the voyage
■hould be continued.
Only then did tht mutiny eome
to an end.
In 'spite of the company's promise to the contrary, certain of tho
ringleaders have beon put under
> open arrest.
|ll|ll|ii|ii|il(t.-PHiTniiOiiin»_i tm me. >'
ernment   people
Russia.   It waa
take  it for grai
would play a pai
that the agrlculti
gress would get
alleviate the dom!
uatlon; lt was not
be expected that t
ernment should n
double freight raj
ship owners for
grain,   All this Ib
of wholesome Anu
owe to SoVlet
too much to
that politics
p bloc of Con-
9 ip thrown to
§ • political sit-
3_ 'e than could
Russian gov-
rced to pay
; .io American
O porting   the
% . ommon run
„ i politics.
Need Was Great
What did not come to the.light
was that Hoover had tt on competent authority that the Immediate
need In Russia was for at least
1150,000,000. Working from that,
flgure Hoover rallied the liberal
forces of the country to support an
appropriation of that amount and
would have been successful in getting lt across. Evidently working
under advice from a wiser political head than his own he suddenly ceased his efforts and shortly
afterwards Harding's message waa
sent to Congress asking for the
twenty millions only.
(Continued on page 4)
Distress   Rife   in   the
Drumheller Valley Mining Districts
The unemployed situation ln the
Drumheller Valley Is being accentuated by the laying off of miners
at practically all the mines In the
district. Men are being laid off by
the hundred. The Monarch mine
laid off 40 men at one clip, the
Mid West hM cut down its crew to
one-third; the A. B. C. Newcastle
and Junior, are cutting down, and
lt Is the Intention to cram all the
married men Into the A. B. C.
Many other mines are also having
their crews cut down, and the condition Is becoming serious.
The lockout at the Callle pr
Drumheller mines still continues,
one scab quit after working 22 days
and received the sum of $2; another was fired after 'working a
considerable time, and found that
he was compelled to give an I. O.
U., as he had gone In the hole, and
owed the company money.
The City Council and other organised  bodies  are  putting on
dance to raise funds for the relief
of the distressed.
W. Z. Foster Says Sentiment of Rank and File
Is Definite
Propaganda Meetings to
Be Held in the Pen
der HaU
The Workers',Party held another very successful meeting on
Sunday last in the Columbia Theatre, the speaker being A. S. Wells.
Dealing nith the new policies of
Soviet Russia, the speaker stated
that men like Hamsa y MacDonald, a reformer, had classed Lenln
with themselves, and dubbed him a
reformist. Sketching the conditions from the industrial and po-*
lltical viewpoints, he showed how
Lenin and hl« colleagues were
dealing with realities and riot
theories. Backing up his arguments by quotations from Albert
Rhys Williams and W. Z. Fostor,
Lenln and Marx himself, the
speaker olalmed that Lenln could
not he classed as a reformer, but
was a revolutionist ln action who
recognized with Marx that men
make their own history out of conditions as they And them, and that
a social revolution can only ba
brought about after a political
revolution ahd with much work,
which would take time.
On Sunday nest Dr. J. W. Curry
will be the speaker, and lt ha*
been decided to hold propaganda
meetings ln the Fender Hall In
future. All efforts will bs made to
accommodate as large an audience aa the hall will allow for.
Whist Drive and Dance
Under the auspices of the Women's Auxiliary of the
0. B. U. and the Federationist Booster Committee
In Aid of The B. C. Federationist
to be held at the
Pender HaB,TuesMFeb, 14
Whist, 8-10 -ADMISSION- Dancing, 9-12
Ladies 26c Gents 50c
Efforts to Be Made
Fuse Railway
(By the Federated Preu)
- Chicago—"In all the cities of the
Bast and Middle West, I found an
overwhelming sentiment among the
workers for the amalgamation of
the multitudinous craft unions into
a few industrial unions and infusing them with real lighting spirit,
That Is their only hope for successfully repulsing the 'open shop'
drive of the employers." This Is
William Z, Foster's summary of his
observations on a speaking tour of
several months. e
Foster expressed great enthusiasm over the prospects of the Trade
Union Educational League, of
which he Is secretary. While travelling he made preparations for the
work of the League In stimulating
trade union activity. The Labor
Herald, the League's organ, will
appear on March 1 instead of Feb,
1, as originally proposed.
After the establishment of Its
miscellaneous groups of active
trade unionists In several hundred
cities and towns, which will take
place in March, the League will immediately turn its attention to the
Inauguration of a national movement for the amalgamation of all
the railroad unions Into one compact body. Foster, who IS himself
a railroad worker, says:
"The railroad companies are
driving back the organized workers, and taking away from us one
hard-earned concession after another, This is because they are
solidly united, while we are not.
They have one closely-knit organization, whereas we are divided Into
16 craft union fragments. Unless
we are Intelligent enough to combine our forces, complete defeat
and the annihilation of our unions
will Inevitably result. The logical
necessity of the railroad situation,
so far as the workers are concerned, Is the complete amalgamation
of, the 1« railroad unions into one
organization. Whoever cannot see
that Is asleep at the switch. Onee
truly united, the vast army of railroad workers will be invincible, and
can laugh to scorn the attacks of
the Atterburys."
It Is the purpose of the railroad
men in the League, Foster says, to
raise' the issue of amalgamation in
every railroad union and centre ln
the country. He declares that the
rank and flle are for such a programme, and will give it their
hearty support Similar movements,
will be set afoot as rapidly as possible In the groups of craft unions
In the other big industries.
The League, Foster says. Is pore.
ly a voluntary educational, body. It
collects no dues from Individuals
nor per capita tax from organizations. It is not affiliated to any
union, nor does lt allow unions to
affiliate to It. The League Is strictly opposed to all forms of dual
unionism, and is In favor of working out the Labor problem through
the remodelling and reinvlgoratlng
of thc old trade unions.
Patronize Fed. advertisers,
Italian Union Treasuries
Are Depleted and Cost
of Living Rises
(By the Federated Press)
Milan, Italy—The Minister of
Labor's official estimate of 500,000
Italian unemployed Is considerably
below the actual number out of
work, labor men here declare.
They point to the detailed figures
of August 81. 1921, when the government reported 435,194 jobless,
of Whom 99,268 were women. Some
50,000 workers In addition were employed only two- to four days a
week, the August report stated.
Since then, according to official
statements, the situation has become far more acute.
. The International flnanclal depression is only partly responsible
for the enormous proportion of
jobless. Another large factor has
been the long continued drought,
which has wrought havoc with the
water power plants, Blectric current is largely used for manufacturing, because the Italian peninsula ls practically devoid of coal.
The summer drought and the
light snowfall so far this winter
have combined to reduce the level
of the mountain streams that have
been harnessed for water power, so
that factories have been compelled
to Institute a four or five-day week.
The cost of living continues to
soar. In Ootober potatoes rose
2,74 per cent., butter 4.17 per cent,
milk 30.8 per cent., eggs 20 per
cent, pork 2.32 per cent. Other
staple foods are regulated in price
by the state.
The unemployment relief fund
of 1,800,000,000 lire, authorized by
the government, has been almost
exhausted. The trade unions have
emptied their treasuries, with the
exception of tbe metal workers and
the printers, who have had fairly
steady work,
Anti-Union Coal Operators Were More
Mine Workers of Virginia
Chattel Slaves in AH
But Name
(By ths Federate* Press)
A subcommittee of the United
States Is soon to make a final report of Its recent Investigation Into
the causes of the coal mine troubles
In the West Virginia fields during
the last two yeara The hearings
before the committee hays been
published ln two large volumes,
containing more than 1000 pages
of closely-printed testimony.
The facts contained In this report
condensed from the important tes.
timony, will be presented by the
Federated Press in a series ot articles prepared by the American Civil
Liberties Union, 138 West Thirteenth street, New Tork City, of
which the following Is the first,
More than 100 witnesses testified
before the committee. They Included miners who were evicted from
their homes because of their union
activities; mine owners in whose
hands is concentrated., the police
and economic power whioh Is in
constant use against ths unorganized mine workers, and Impartial
observers who recognised the necessity of bringing a peaceable and
Just end to the recurrent Wsst Virginia, mining wars.       . .
These articles will present, the.
West Virginia situation from the
viewpoint of those who regard as
supremely important the maintenance of civil rights whiebtUnunited States constitution guarantees,
but does not afford.
Total collapse of the state gov-
ernmental machinery, and imperative necessity for immediate federal
intervention honestly and fearless.
ly designed- to bring about peace
and liborty in the non-unloh coal
(Continued on page I)
Refuse to Work with Nonunion Man and Are
Sent to Gaol
On Monday last, twelve seamen
refused duty on the a S. Canadian
Winner, one of the Canadian Oovernment vessels. The cause of this
action was that they refused to
work along with a colored man
named Telford. While the press
has persisted in claiming that the
men took this action because Telford Is colored, the men make a
very different statement, claiming
that Telford is a non-union man
and stayed on his ship when the
seamen on the C. O. M. M. ships
struck last year against a reduction In wages.
When the men refused duty, and
tied the ship up, the captain
Bwore out Information and had the
men arrested. On Wodnesday they
*6re tried and sentenced to serve
four weeks In gaol.
While the chief objection to
Telford was that he was a nonunion man, the men also claim
that his habits were objectionable,
and that he entered the country
against the immigration laws. The
Federated Seafarers' Union of
British Columbia has the case In
hand, but owing to the present'
state of the labor market lt was
thought that any attempt to call a
strike on all the ships would not
assist the cause. Efforts, however,
will be made to have the convictions quashed, and as the union
has not any great flnanclal baok-.
Ing, funds are needed for the .defense. All contributions should be
sent to W. Donaldson, 108 Msln
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
W. Z. Foster Writes on
:     Conditions in
■ra       Europe
Sbiys Leaders of Labor
I Failed in Task Set
• Them
'i (By the Federated Press)
Chicago—"In Qermany, England,
Italy and France, the basic cause
of the workers' defeat In the revolutionary crisis was the Bame—reformist policies and leadership,"
■aye William Z. Foster, In a new
64-page pamphlet entitled "The
Revolutionary Crisis of 1918-1921
In Germany, England* Italy, and
France," published by the Trade
Union Educational League.
'The destinies of the Labor organisations Involved were In the.
kands of men who failed In the
supreme test," he continues. "Although doing lip-service to the revolution, these officials were reformers at heart, products of the
long years of slow revolutionary
advance by Labor before the war.
They had no faith ln the workers'
ability to control society alone.
Their point of view was essentially
capitalistic, and their whole experience prediuposed them to a policy of compromise and half-way
\-"-Psychologically they were utterly Incapable of leading the mas-
sev .Victoriously to the overthrow
of capitalism, It was perfectly natural that aa the revolutionary
movements developed In the varloua countries, these reformist leader* should either deliberately sabotage them or barter them off for
petty reforms, as.happened in all
the countries noted. The flrst great
revolutionary effort of the European working class was defeated,
not by the capitalists, but by the
psuedo-Socialist leaders."
This Is the principal reason for
thb failure  of the revolution  to
spread throughout Europe, accord-
(Contlnued on page J)
Late General Secretary of
iiW.W. WiU Give Views
on Russian Famine
The local committee of the
friends of Soviet Russia, the official relief committee for famine-
stricken Russia, haB arranged for
Oeorge Hardy, late general secre
tary of the I. W. W. to speak at the
Columbia theatre on Sunday, Feb.
19, at 8 p.m.
Qeorge Hardy is well known on
the Pacific Coast of British Columbia. He was secretary of the Mln
era Liberation League in Victoria
following the coal miners strike on
Vahcouver Island. He was an active trade unionist in the Capital
City; and eat t% the Central Labor
Hardy approaches his subject
from an entirely different angle,
from the viewpoint of a man who
have been active In the trade union
movement, not only in America,
but all over the world.
His sojourn in Russia at, the
time the famine set in, makea him
an authority on this phase of the
international problem, and he ls
now taking time from his other
activities to place before the work'
era on the American continent, thi
„_ at need of Soviet Russia through
the crisis caused by the famine.
DELEGATE Dissatisfied witb
Present System of
Unemployed Relief
Audience Questions His
Right  to Represent
People of India
,      Organization Moeting
i Local 844, of the International
Union of Steam and Operating Engineers will hold a special organization meeting on Sunday, Feb, 12,
at 2 p.m., in the Labor Hall, 319
Pender Street West. All engineers
urged to attend.
The Werkers'
WiU Hold a Meeting in
Sunday Night
At 8 p.m.—Doort Open 7:30
Speaker: Dr. W.J. CURRY
Questions Discussion        •  Collection
Admits Gandhi Is Pledged
to Commit" No    -
(By the Federated Press)
(New Tork Bureau)
New York—Srlnlvasa Sastri, appointed by Oreat Britain to "represent" India at the Washington arms
parley, started to answer questions
at the close of a speech he made
here In ths "Town HaU" under the
auspices ofthe League, for Political
Education. Right away a man In
the audience asked: -
"Are you a British agent?"-
Sastrl hesitated a moment, then
declared: he was not..,      :--.},
"You lie," came a voice from the
audience. . s
Whereupon Sastri repeated his
denial, and said If anyone said, he
lied he would stop answering questions. There was an uproar for a
few minutes, but Anally a woman
asked whether there had not been
violence In India on both sides.
"Yes," he replied. Then, in answer to another question he admitted that the followers of Gandhi
were pledged to commit no violence
while "governments always use
force to put down attempts against
"Who do you represent ln Washington?" someone demanded. "Who
appointed you to go there?"
"I have been deputized to go to
Washington by my government,"
he evaded, "Just like every other
delegate to the Washington conference," adding that he represented
the views and Ideals of the "liberals" and "the millions outside the
'liberals' who hold the same opinions."
At that point, the chairman, recognising that things were becoming embarrassing for the speaker,
adjourned the meeting.
In the course of his regular
speech Sastri predicted that within
ten years India would become "a
dominion within the British Empire, enjoying the same rlghta and
the same measure of self-government as Canada and Australia. -
Hs laid the blame for "much of
the present unrest" on the treatment of the Sultan, and the blame
for the treatment of the Sultan he
placed not upon Oreat Britain, but
upon the Allies.
"In 1»18," he said, "Lloyd Oeorge
who had been trying to get Mohammedans to enlist, promised
that If the Sultan were defeated he
would be left In power In Asia Minor. Under that promise they enlisted. That premise was not kept,
but it was not because of Britain
but because of the action of the
After the meoting was dismissed
because of the "rude" questions
asked Sastri, he was escorted to a
taxicab and driven away under an
escort of mounted policemen.
London—The secretary of the
Tipton unemployed committee, an
ex-soldier, states that the conditions of the Tipton poople aro worse
than those of Britlah prisoners of
war In Germany.
Conference Appoints a Permanent Committee of
Twenty-five to Place Demands Before Authorities—Demonstration to Be Held on
Sunday, February 26th
VBR 100 delegates from some? the decision arrived at by this con-
11 40 different organizations, at
^^ tended the general conference
on unemployment In the First Pres.
byterlan Church on Monday afternoon. There were also present
about'the same number of spectators In the gallery, and the rear
portion of the main floor. The session lasted from _ till ( p.m.
The net results were embodied
mainly In three resolutions, which
Resolution No. 1. Whereas, the
unemployed situation is of a national character, and It one that
cannot be handled satisfactorily by
municipal bodies; and whereas, the
extremely low scale of relief now
being given is tending, to lower the
standard of living of the entire
wage working population; be it resolved, that we call upon the Federal Government- to assume the
management of the unemployment
situation on a national scale, and
that the basis of relief be work at
trade union rates or full maintenance on the scale laid down in the
Labor Gazette.
Resolution No. 2. That a permanent committee of twenty-flve
(25) be elected from the conference for the purpose of presenting
Patronize  Fed Advertisers.
Will Deal With Recommendations Made by
The committee which was op-
pointed at the unemployment conference on Monday last has made
arrangements to meet tonight
(Friday) In Iho Presbyterian
Church, corner of Gore Avenue and Hastings, at 8 p.m. The
following comprise the committee:
W. H. Cotlrell, Street and Electrical Employees Division  101.
Mr. Jackson, P. Floyd, Mrs.
Priestley, South Vancouver unemployed committee.
O. Hardy and J. Nixon, Carpenters' Brotherhood Local.
Mr. Head, Burnaby unemployed
Mr. Barr, C. N. U. X., South Vancouver Branch.
Mr. Lewis, Mr. Hawkes, North
Vancouver unemployed.
Mrs. Thomas, New Westminster unemployed.
A. J. Crawford, P. Bengough,
Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council (Int.)
Mr. Harris, Mrs, Booth, Van.
couver Central unemployed.
Mr. Oordon. Bricklayers, Masons
and Plasterers' Union.
A. Johnson, O. A, U. V.
Mr. Taylor, Carpenters Amalgamated No. 1.
A. Olover, Federated Seafarers'
Union of B. C.
Mrs. J. A. Clarke, Mrs. M. Percival, New Era League.
Mrs. Woodsworth, Peace and
Freedom League.
Mrs. Lorimer, Mrs. Graham, Women's Auxiliary of Unemployed.
Mr. Harris, Boilermakers and
Iron Shipbuilders' Union, Local
It Is expected that the committee will deal with tho recommendations of the conference, and
make arrangements for the holding
of a demonstration.
Unofficial Report So. Vancouver Relief Rate Not
to Be Sanctioned
While the North Vancouver City
Council has decided to give the
same relief to the unemployed
married men as la being given in
South Vancouver, it hae been stated unofficially that Premier Oliver
will not sanction the South Vancouver ratea ot relief.
The unemployed organization Is
being welded Into shape, and la
closely following the lines of the
South Vancouver organization.
Premises have been secured at 126
Second Street West, as the council
chamber was too small for the
meetings. The women are also organizing, Mrs, Horsburgh consenting to act as chairman during the
preliminary stages.
It has been reported that
amongst those seeking work, there
are a large number of returned
men, the estimate being that at
least 38 per cent, are returned soldiers.
ference before the proper authorities, and devise waya and means of
enforcing said demands; and further, to conduct a thorough Investigation, draw up plans for reorganizing the system of relief distribution for the unemployed, thla
committee to be empowered to call
and arrange for future conferences
of various organisations of Greater
Vancouver for presenting the results of their investigation tn re- •
gards to relief and organisation of
the Unemployed-
Resolution No. t.  That this conference instruct the oommlttee of
twenty-flve (25) to arrange a par- .
ade and' mass meeting for February 26,  1922, of all organisations
afflliated with this conference, and f
send out Invitations to theee organizations to help make, unemployed Sunday a brilliant succeaQ.
W. ti. Cottrell called the meeting to order as provisional chairman, with Mrs. Booth officiating
as secretory pro tem., both offices .
being subsequently confirmed by a '
vote of the meeting on the motion
of Delegate B. Burns.
While the credentials committee
examined the standing of the delegates and tubulated results, the
chairman,briefly outlined the proposed plan of procedure, and then
called on delegates -from varloua
districts to disclose the situation
as they found it.
A General Review
Delegate Floyd led off with the
statement that the present undertaking had sprung from the Inability of previous committees to deal
effectively with the situation, the
intention now.was to endeavor to
do something of permanent benefit, in some shape or other, to the
unemployed and the Labor movement as a whole. The committee.
In charge had been working night,
and day during the past Ave weeks,
(Continued on Page 8)
weak imk;
Patronize Fed Advertise™.
Technical Aid Society Appreciates Services
In another column will be found an
advertisement of a bazaar and
dance to be held by the Society for
Technical Aid lo Soviet Russia. This
function hns been organized by the
comrades uf that body on an appreciation of the services rendered
them by The FederalionlHt. All
the surplus will bc contributed to
ease the flnnncial burdens of the
paper thnt in their opinion ls the
best exponent of working class
needs in Western Canada.
Craftsmen and others of n mechanical bent, women with nimble
fingers who are ngreed that this
cellmate of The Federation^ is the
correct one, aro nuked to contribute
small articles thnt may be sold at
tho bazaar; such cotnributlons can
be left at The Federatlonist offlce,
Room 1, 342 Pender Street West,
Propaganda Meeting
The C. N. V. X. la holding a propaganda meeting In the C, N. U. X.
hall, 61 Cordova Street West, on
Tuesday evening, Feb. 14, nt 8 p.
m. Good speakers. All ex-service
men invited.
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
Organ of Canton Government Says China Got
(By the Federated Press)
(Washington Bureau)
Washington—"Instead of peace,
the Washington conference has given China the sword," says the China Review, organ of the. Canton
government of Dr. Sun-Tat Sen, is
a leading editorial published here.
''The conference is now drawing to
a close. Up to the present moment,
China has regained none of her
lost rights. So far as China la concerned, the conference might as
well never have been called. Perhaps the Shantung question would
have been less muddled. At any
rate, the manner In which this
question has been handled by the
conference has not only failed miserably t0 bring about a satisfactory
settlement, but has brought on further civil strife ln China."
Speaking of the methods employed here to sidetrack the Shantung
Issue, the editorial says: "The dele-
gates from China soon discovered
that a conference of the powers in
Washington was very little different
(rom a conference of the powers In
Paris, or anywhere else. Before
long they also learned that a conference of the powers including
China did not mean that China was
to have a voice In the deliberations.
They were further awakened to
the fact that 'secret diplomacy' had
lost none of Its virtue, and weak
nations were still regarded as mere
pawns on. the International chessboard.
"China hoped to have her case
heard at Washington In open court.
She knew that with secret sessions
and secret proceedings ruled out,
public opinion In this country
would force a recognition of the
justice of her claims. But even
now the Shantung issue was permitted to be brought before the
conference; What a sad disillusionment,"
Danoe Saturday.
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night in the Pender Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe Streets.
Oood music, a line floor and every
accommodation. Admission, gents
60c, ladles 26c
A Bazaar and Dance
Under the Auspices et tbe Society for Vrrliiitcal Aid to
Soviet )
In Aid of the B.C. Federationist
CLINTON HALL, Cor. Clinton and Pender Sts.
ADMISSION:    dents, Mc; Ladles, 15c
Ladles bringing contributions of work for tlie basaar will be
admitted free. *AGE TWO
fourteenth YEAB.  N.. t    T^E BRITISH COlitMBIA FEDERATIONIST   Vancouver,
FRIDAT..... ...r.bruary 10, 1921
Published every Friday Morning by The B. C.
Federatlonist, Limited
A. a WEfcLSL- _  Manager
Offlce:    Room 1, Victoria Block, 342 Pender
Street West
Telephone Seymour S871
Subscription Rates: United States and Foreign.
$3.00 per year; Canada, 12.60 i»er year, 11.50
for six month-; to Unions subscribing in a
body, 16c per member por month.
Unity of Labor:   The Hopo of the World
FRIDAY February 10, 1922
RETURNING to "normalcy" must be
, an interesting proposition to farmers if government statistics are anything
like aeeuratc. For instance, we learn
that in the year 1921 farmers of of this
Dominion raised
AID THE thirty-seven  and  &
PROLETARIAN      half million bushels
VANOUARD of wheat more than
they did in 1920.
•Crop averages, however, were not. as high
in 3921 as they were in 1920, but the press
informs us that the crof> averages bear
no relation to the drop in total values,
one press dispatch states:
" But the fall in crop averages bears
no relation at all to the drop in
total valueB. From the marketing of
thcir field crops alone, the Canadian
farmers had to accept a reduction of
five hundred and twenty-four million
dollars from the prices of 1920, and
these were eighty-two millions less
than the 1919 figures.    >
"These huge figures mean that
the crop grower has suffered a 40 per
cent, drop in the price of his product
since 1919, although, in this time he
has put in 30 per cent, more work
and bas increased his yield 17 per
cent., reckoning increased yields because of increased areas put under
crop. The farmer's dollar of 1919
looks much less Jike thirty cents than
three dimes of current coinage."
Growers of cereals, however, are not
lhe only ones who have suffered. A correspondent, from a fruit-growing area,
writes and informs us that in tbe district
in which he resides, and which is situated
in British Columbia, enough apples to
(supply a whole town were dumped owing
|o their being no market for them. These
facts are decidedly interesting when it is
remembered that the confusionists pro.
Maim to all the world that what is needed
to restore prosperity is more work. We
(should imagine that the farmers put in
inore work to raise some thirty-seven millions extra bushels of wheat, and fruit
growers, evidently, were not lazy when
they raised, in one small locality, more
topples) than would supply a fair sized
fcity,- which they had to dump. A market
.vould appear to be more desirable than
bore work.
* » #
While the farmers of this country are
buffering for the lack of a market for
their produce, Russia is facing a famine.
feo prejudiced is the ruling class of this
country that it would sooner see its producers starve than the workers of Russia
(riven succor and aid in their hour of dis-
rcss. The same can be said of the
Jnrted States, and perhaps more emphati-
fcally of Prance. While Great Britain
fcimnot ship foodstuffs to Russia, she can
kupply that eountry with the agricultural
tnachinery -necessary to the raising of
toodBtuffs inHhat country, but this is not
Bone; not because trade cannot be relumed, but beeause capitalist nations do
hot like the reign of the wqrkers in
Russia."      * * *
John F. Sinclair, a Minnesota banker,
Who has made a tour pf Europe, writing
In the Nation, gives a word picture of the
Wd world, which is expressed in his opening sentence, wherein he says: "Etiro-
fcean civilization, built by fifteen bun.
fir_d years of work and struggle of three
hundred million men and women, is dissolving. There are no forces now at work
strong enugh to arrest the approaching
disaster." Referring to'Europe generally, he says:
"She is sick very sick, and has
been growing worse, not better, since
the armistice. How much lower can
the living for the middle and lower
classes go before the thing collapses t
Surely not a great way further. And,
if the system does collapse. Europe
cannot support half of her population. Then what will happen to the
BUrplus 150 millions of people? These
surplus people, the average ordinary
kind from every land, cannot march
overland to vacant lands, for except
eastward they are surrounded by
water. To the east lies the land of
Russia, guarded by the finest and
largest army in Europe. To the west
lies the Atlantic. Granted that this
vast horde could arrive safely at a
place of embarkation, how many
ships would be necessary to transplant ISO millions during a twelve
months' period when the crash
comes? Just fifty times as many as
are available in the world today. The
plain feet is, then, that millions of
these people would die of starvation
and they would continue to die until
a __<«-» primitive type of social organization had totally destroyed the
surplus population." He also states:
"European money is so debased
that it is becoming harder and harder
for her to purchase from countries
like us whose currencies are. expensive. It will be necessary for Europe
to save Russia in order that Russia
can save Europe. Russia beforo the
war raised enough to supply Europe;
and in trade Europe furnished to
Russia machinery and finished products. And so it must be again.
Europo cannot long continue to purchase in America. It will rnean lower
and lower prices for American farmers for live stoek, cotton, corn, and
wheat. But we may as well face conditions as they are. Europe's food
salvation is Russia. So the blackade
must be lifted."
Wheat is a drug on the market in Canada. Corn is being burnt in the United
States while millions starve in Soviet
Russia for those very things. Blinded by
class hatred, the rulers of the earth
would sacrifice millions' so that they may
defeat the workers who have dared to
challenge the rule of the present capitalistic despotism. But what arc thc
workers of this continent doing? They
are suffering, and largely in silence, particularly is this so in the agricultural
regions. They should, however, "be
clamoring for the resumption of trade
with Russia. They should be putting up
a fight for the famine sufferers of the
Volga regions who need the wheat and
corn which is a drug on tho market. But
while the proletarian front is in danger,
not from the attacks of the white guard
forces, but from famine, the agricultural
workers of the American continent and
the industrial workers of Great Britain
and France, aud even the United States,
are starving in silence when there is a
market for their products and a working-
class movement to be strengthened by a
united demand aud enforcement of the
opening of trade with Soviet Russia.
Social revolutions are not accomplished
in days, weeks or months, but by years of
effort, and the most vital front of the Proletarian social revolution is Russia. Then
let us to the task of aiding our comrades
who have held that front. Let us work
to the end that by the supply of foddstuffs
the Russian proletariat may further advance the social revolution. It is a task
worth while and one that we cannot
avoid if we are in line with the coming
before he could raise the price?  No wonder onr chief executive officer complains
that he has too many chores to do.
* * ♦
But while the premier and other dignitaries will not admit that there is an
unemployed question which is acute in
Vancouver, many hungry citizens consider it acute enough to appoint a permanent committee to take thc matter into
further consideration and to stage a
demonstration with the object of securing
more relief for the jobless slates of this
part of thc world. Fat "statesmen" may
ignore the situation, but if the organized
workers of this city realize their responsibility, the conference last Monday will
only be the stepping stone to further activities oil behalf of tlie unemployed of
this city and district. The.slogan of the
organized workers of Vaicouver^ should
be, "Organize the unemployed and employed workers, so that tho_e who are
without the means of existence can compel the authorities to give them work qf
trade union rates of wages or full maintenance." The demonstration which was
suggested should be organized for this
purpose, and every labor organization
should take part in it and confound the
so-callod statesmen who place more importance on the cost of shipping a barrel
of salt herrings or a bale of hay over the
railroads of this country than they do on
providing food for the needy. Work or
full maintenance for the workers is of
more importance than the cost of shipping
surplus values in the shape of commodi
ties to different parts of the oountry or
world. The question,'' when do we eat ?"
has much significance to the workers
these days, and is a vital question to
them, and organized labor must see that
the jobless do eat,
ON Tuesday last, one of the evening
papers carried a news item, which
indicated that in the East it was considered that unemployment in Vancouver
was acute.  Of course this was denied and
a Btatement to the
WHM. effect    that    Premier
DO VU EAT? Oliver waa going to Ot-
THX QUESTION tawa for the purpose of
dealing with the unemployment question, was indignantly repudiated. In fact, it was pointed out that
the head of the Provincial Government
was going to Ottawa to deal with much
more vital issues, namely, freight rates.
Premier Oliver is credited with stating
that he was not going to Ottawa to deal
with the unemployed, but, as stated by
the paper in question, the Premier's chief
mission is to secure equal freight rates
for British Columbia,
* • •
We suppose that no one but an agitator would for a minute suggest that Vancouver had an unemployment problem;
in fact, all the "facts" would disprove
any such attompt to besmirch the name of
"our" fair city. Have we not already
provided bull pens, or cold storage, for
the single men who are without jobs?
Are we not providing for many married
families, and have we riot a relief department which cares for the needy.
Then, if this is so, how on earth can Vancouver have an acute unemployed problem. It is nonsensical, and the rate
charged by railway companies on wheat
to Vancouver, so that this commodity
can be shipped out of the eountry through
Canada's greatest port, to such places,
outside of Soviet Russia, where there is
a demand for it, is of necessity of vital
importance and must precede all other
questions in the scale of importance.
* »      . #
The organized workers of this city,
along with many oth^er "undesirable citizens," will, however, persist in claiming
that there is an unemployed problem. So
insistent have these people become, that
they persuaded the City Council to in.
struct the Mayor to select a number of
officials and citizens for the purpose of
presenting the case of the unemployed to
the Provincial Government. Of course
the premier-of this province realizes that
this is only a minor question to the cost
of freight on needles or some other much-
needed but inaccessible commodity; but
Alderman Pettipiece, in spite of the
statesmanlike powers of Alderman Seribbins who is the guardian of the bull pen
at Hastings Park, will persist in his efforts to have the unemployed, "who do
exist," cared for. His persistence takes
the form of proclaiming that the handling of the unemployed question is all
wrong and that men should be paid in
cash for work done, and a sufficient number of days' work given to each of the
mythical unemployed so that they can live
outside of a bull pen. Reeve McLean of
Burnaby also takes the same position as
does Alderman Pettipiece.
* * »
The conference on unemployment
which was held in St. Paul's Presbyterian
Church on Monday last, when more than
a hundred delegates assembled to deal
with the unemployed situation, is another
proof that there is no acute unemployed
situation. These people, representing all
binds of organizations, from returned
men's associations, women's leagues and
trade unions, evidently do not know just
wbat they met for. The Premier might
havo had the newspaper referred to. send
a representative to this gathering, to
give them some information on the cupidity of thc leader of the opposition, or
the lack of statesmanlike ability of working-class representatives in the Provincial House, or deliver a lecture on the futility of taking drugs to fill an empty
stomach. The delegates would then have
had something of vitaWmportance to discuss. If these topics were not acceptable,
he might have appeared in person and
demonstrated how tho freight qn cheese
was precluding the workers from getting
ham and eggs. But the Premier was too
busy. He was no doubt collecting data on
a most vital topic, and that was, if he had
to go cast and pay his fare according to
the freight rates on cheese, how many
years would he have to remain in office
Penetration Tactics
Wl_ suffer from revolutionary' 'lightened, may join us for the su-
STRANGE as it may appear, reformists
attempt to make Lenin appear as a
reformer, while so-called left wing Socialists would have us believe that the
Third International, which is supported
       by   Lenin,   has    laid
LENIN, THE down arbitrary rules
THIRD, AND which must on no ae-
TAOTIOS count be departed from
and must be obeyed
likethe laws of the Mcdes and Persians.
Lenin is, however, in spite of thoBe who
from two different angles would discredit
him, a Marxian, and the Third International has recognized that infallibility, of
any particular line of aetion cannot be
conceded. Lenin proves his position
when referring to the new policies of
Russia.  He says:
"Socialism is impossible without
large capitalist technique constructed according to the last jvord in science, without systematic state organization subjecting millions of
people to the strict observation of *
uniform standard of production and
distribution of products. We Marxists have always said this, and it ii
hardly worth wasting even two seconds in arguing this point with
people who do not understand it, like
anarchists and the greater part of
thc Sooial Revolutionaries,"
• * a -
Losovosky, in his introduction to the
Red Labor International, which is a
manifesto of that body to the world's
workors, says: "There are no infallible
methods of struggle; everything changes
in accordance with time, placo and circumstances." This would not appear to
us to be a statement of a dogmatist, but
of a Marxian who recognized the fact
that there is only one unchanging law
and that the law of change.
*. *        »
On more than one occasion Lenin has
pointed out that the backwardness of industrial development in Russia would be a
retarding influence in the proletarian
struggle to bring about a new social order in that country; he has also stated
that it would be easier in the*15ighly industrial developed countries to carry on
the social reorganization after the polM-"
cal revolution than it was in Russia, aU
of whieh points to the fact that Lenin is
a Marxian in action as well as in theory.
A party of action, which recognizes the
position of the working class and the necessity of winning the workers to the revolutionary movement, must recognize
that all its efforts must be directed so
that they are in accord with the tendencies of the times and in line with conditions. Retreat may at times be necessary
in order to consolidate labor's forces,
while action should only be taken when
the circumstances are favorable to the
workers, and some advantage can be
gained.      *        *        *
For a considerable time the workers'
have bcen faced by the programmes of
working-class political partics-which were
negative documents and confined to dogmatic statements. Yet it is the members
of these very socialist parties which now
claim that the Third International is dogmatic, and the reformists who favor reform, are welcoming with glee the changed policies of Soviet Russia, which they
claim strengthens their position. -
»        *        *
Naturally, the workers, with the mental confusion which permeates the so-
called intellectuals ever before them, are
also confused, and only by a workers'
party taking action in line with the
Marxian position and attempting to make
history out of the conditions which are
to hand, ean they be won overdo the proletarian movement. Dogma will not aid
in this task, but active participation in
the struggles of the workers and intelligent effort will remove the doubts of the
rank and file, and secure class action on
the part of tho workers. This line of
action may be classed as reformist tactics,
or it may be scorned by the theoriticians
who do not like aetion, and whoso only
objection to the Third International is
that it calls for active participation in the
elass struggle, but it is the only line of
action wliich can succeed when the
struggle for emancipation has passed out
of the text and copy-book stage and become a realitv.
We discuss nsw
topics, but they remain—
topics. Some imp of the perverse
'sits at the radical ear and whispers
against .improvements in practice.
We make an Industry of the things
we are about and though giving
glad welcome to new thought we
form into petty competing groups,
hawking small slanders and resisting change.
Where is the observant among us
who can say that we are supplying
much more than u hippodrome and
catering to an habitual crowd for
;col!ection revenue and selling
literature which barring its sensational features is never read? Are
we not after all a. circus with a
trained patronago who come to us
regularly because for the particular evening we have a grenter "attraction" than others on the local
boards? .Note tho hand-clapping.
Soe how lt rises as our performer
dances perilously close to the manacles and jail-doors and waltzed
away again in the subsiding applause.
- We have been carrying on this
way for years. One "centre" ls
much like others. Ws arrange a
small meeting offering some local
speaker, by simple announcements.
We get the same small crowd that
we have had a hundred tunes before. Next time wo have a flying
emancipator but with little platform "stock." We put out a handbill this ltme, and get the same
hand-bill orowd we had when we
put out ths hand-bill before; at a
large hall. Now we have a celebrity. He has been both In jail
and in Russia. Our "house" will
get a kick out of Just seeing him.
We will take the auditorium or the
skating rink for this. We print a
large quantity of throw-aways and
we put up window cards. We pay
for a little space ln the newspapers
and get our "attraction" interviewed In advance of the date. WS All
the auditorium. But It is the same
one por cent, of the population. If
we have an overflow it is the samo
bimch that oame late and over*
flowed before When we had an overflow. We devolop a narrowed mu.
tualtzed perspective pointing always Inward, and we dease to bo
able to form any other world
around us. , . And we give Mos.
cow a false census of the state of
our advance!
This Is not knocking. It is taking stock. We do well. We must
continue to do what we have learned so well how to do. But let us
supplement it by spreading out
tan-like Into the mass that has
never heen near us, the mass that
will break us down In crisis, oi* that
may be neutralized, or that, en
preme moment,
W. Z. Foster is preparing this in
splendid way for the trades-
unions. He probably does not hope
for a majority of. union members,
perhaps not more than a control
group ln the few members who attend the union meetings. We need
not interfere there. Many ot us
will be in that work the most important so far attempted. But
where are tho workers who do not
attend the union meetings, and the
unorganized workers and those
who for one reason and another
are excluded from union membership? And the non-strike workers
and tho arts and professions. And
the capitalists themselves into
whose ranks certain avenues of ln-
telligance will be required as time
goes on.
Say wo havs fifty militants in
our centro or in any given centre.
Make forthwith fifty group classifications in the non-revolutionary
mass. Somo will require subdivisions. Now assign your militants
each to his specialized task of
ponetratlon, acquaintance, invitation and propaganda and hold to
survey. There is a subtle flattery
in vostod responsibility and each
coming with his report should vltll-
lze things In an innovative way.—
Bruce Rogers in ths Worker, Nsw
Socioty for Technical Aid to Soviet
To the working olass of British Co.
lumbia,' we address this appeal.
, A large portion of the workers
of this province have more or less
realized the hardships, suffering
.and sacrifices the workers and pea-
I" sants of Soviet Russia hava been
compelled to endure for more than
four years to defend the "First
Workers' Republic" established ln
the world, agalnBt the military and
econqmio attacks of all the large
capitalistic powers of the world.
The result being that today Soviet
Russia finds herself in Immediate
need of tyhnlcal aid to reconstruct
her broken down industries and
To attain their objective, the
Bupreme council of National Economy of Soviet Russia has appointed a representative with headquarters in New York to work In conjunction with the Society for Technical Aid to Soviet Russia In Canada and the United States, to organize groups of industrial and ag.
ricultural workers to go to Soviet.
Russia for work on the economlo
Therefore, lt Is necessary to enable these groups to be of the
greatest possible benefit when they
arrive in Soviet Russia, that they
should be equipped with the most
modern machinery to carry out
their task of technical aid for the
Workers and Peasants Republic."
The Vanconuver branch of the so-
oiety for technical aid to Soviet
Russia, having formed a group of
agricultural workers who are willing to leave for Soviet Russia In
May of this year, appeal for funds
to supply this group with more machinery than they otherwise could
Fellow workers and comrades:
Give as liberally as possible. Remember Soviet Russia's economic
struggle against capitalism ls her
hardest flght. Her struggle ls yours.
She has shown you the road out of
oconomic slavery. Do your utmost
to aid the Workers and Peasants
Republic in their hardest and Anal
flght against capitalism.
"Workers of the World, Units!"
Kindly forward all contributions
to the secretary, M. Plroshko, 771
Prior Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Disappearing Independence
Editor 8. C, Federationist: Dear
Comrade—^he now *aflt disappearing independence ot the agrarian,
ls ever showing itself in their ranks,
and yet, ln these prairie provinces,
there is at leaat 97 per cent, who
do not know tbo cause of their increasing misery. Away out here on
this almost barren desert, with little
fuel, a scant supply of provisions,
with Insufficient wearing apparel,
these slaves ar* groping in the
dark, Zf these workera only understood this system, and all the hard*
ships that goes with it, that Socialism is the only solution of the economic problem that confronts the
civilised world ttvday. What a curse
it would be to the gods of capitalism, what joy to the gods of Labor
During thia last election, we were
blessed, or cursed, with a great ar.
ray of Labor fakirs calling themselves progressive; those gentlemen are just as misleading as any
of their predecessors, so far as
those who toil are concerned; they
used high tariff, low tariff, and no
tariff at all, anything to snare the
farmsrs' vote.
It may be surmised that they,
too, are trying to land a position,
to gather the crumbs, that so frequently are dropped front the mas
ters* table, as a token of their sincerity, in keeping the slaves ln subjection. In their chaotic condition,
and ever growing worse, the question arises how best can the gospel
of Marxism be spread among these
workers, comprising 56 por cent, of
our population in Canada.
Those words: Workers of all
countries unite, oro beautiful ones;
without this our emancipation is
hopeless. When we have capitalism of all countries against our
class, except Russia, what Is left?
War with all Its sorrow, suffering
and destruction; waste under the
system seems to be a benefit, and
brings a short period of prosperity
to practically all those engaged as
slaves; enriching the master;
maimed, sickness and death, to
practically all those engaged In killing their brothers. This is the
safe and sane system that is proclaimed by the politician; the Bystem, the clergy shrieks from the
pulpit; the system, our judiciary
cuorts are governed by. Comrades,
let us stop to think, and listen; we
will surely hear the onward march
of the proletarian mass. The
chains that bind us today will be
broken, and the workers of the
world set free. Then and not until
then, can we expect to enjoy those
good things wo have produced in
such abundance, Instead of being
denied the right to work for a miserable existonce as tlie bourgeois
society permits, in what they term
normal times. Let us hope for that
not far distant day, when peace on
earth and goodwill towards men,
will not be mere platitudes. Thc
above Tuletide phrase means nothing under this system, a slogan
siich as hell on earth would be
more appropriate. Yours fraternally,
Foremost, Alta.,
January 28, 1922.
Dance Saturday.
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night In the Pender Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe Streeta.
Good music, a fine floor and every
accommodation. Admission, gents
50c, ladies 25c.
We are now offering Stanfield's
Underwear in ail lines at
Reduced Prices
Green Label Underwear; garment  ,...1.00
Red   Label > Stanflelds'   garment  .'. $2.00
Blue  Label  Stanfield's;   garment ..... $2.50
Blaok Label  Stnnfleld'a;   garment  *S.OO
Finer lines, up from, suit..$3.00
Men's Merino Underwear; per
suit $2.00
Men's Working Pants, In serviceable tweeds $3,00
Heavyweight   Overalls;    blus
and blaok $2.00
Stotson Bats, In   all   shapes
and colors  $8,00 "
In our Boot and Shoe see*
tlon prices are very low.
Men's    Double    Sole    Work
Boots; per pair $5.03
Leckie Boots from  $0.00
Loggers' Hand-made Boots, up
from  $12.00
Agent for Headlight Overalls.
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444*Main Street
Furniture Store
We want you to come to
this store with confidence
that you can buy Furniture, Carpets and Linoleum at lower prices .and
; better terms.
! No   Greater   Opportunity
vfor    tbe    Working    Hen
416 Main Street
Phone Bey. 1_M
TIONI8T >nd (tt yet IS
Mt -_nt.MHc.e_t.
Reformist Policies Cause
Defeat of Workers
(Continued from page 1)
ing to Foster. With a wealth of
detail the pamphlet analyzes ths
German revolution, the Triple Alii
ance fiasco in England, the metal
workers strike and the ensuing
white torror In Italy, and the great
May Day, 1920, strikes in Francs,
with the consequent struggle betwoen fhe reformists nnd revolutionaries 'for control of the French
trade unton movoment.  .
This pamphlet h tho result of at-
tenulve studies made by Foster on
his recent trip to Europe as a correspondent for the Federated Pross.
He studied*the German revolution
at first hand In Berlin and many
other cities In Germnny, and was
In London during the Triple Alliance affair. The adapters dealing
with the movements ln Italy and
France were compiled from exhaustive information gathered from
Labor men and othor sources in
both these countries.
It is said to be the first comprehensive study ot the post-war upheaval In Europe that has been
published in English or any other
Seattle.—By unanimous vote tho
Central Labor Council has en.
doraed tho Brookwood school, Ka.
tonah, N. Z. The institution as I
resident training centre for writers
speakers and organisers in tho
farmer ana labor movements.
London.—Tho amalgamation of
the National Society of Dyers and
Finishers and the Teadon and
Gulsley Factory Workers' Union
with the Oeneral Union of Textile
Workers cams into operation lost
Bin* op ttsmae «_*■__•_> MM
for appointment
Dr, W. J. Curry
Suite $01 Dominion Building
Cigar Store
Kind line Woo
1410 GRANVILLE Sey. _3«0
0. J. Mengel
Writes all classes ot Insurance. Representing only first-
olass Board oompanies. If Insurance ls wanted, write or
phone Sey. (636.
Once address, 713 Board ot
Trade Bldg., Vancouver, B.C,
The Psychology
of Marxian
(By H. Rahim)
A work that all students
should read. Can be obtained
from the
B. 0. Federattonirt, ltd.
Price SOo Per Copy, Post Paid
Bandar -.ivIms, li a.m. ssd T.ao p.m.
Bonder ic-o-l Immediately Mlowlsf
merlins t.rtlu.    Wedatadey Msliauaid
*!—-' __ _»'•»___^,,  *•*•*■»*   *****
M_.-0_  Blrka  Bide.
Buy at a union store.
*     W. X DOWNIE
Cor. Hutinga and Richard*
Phones:    Bay. 608; BIfk. 2134L
(Health Pttotto) ,
Satilprictlo it tbo icir.net and art
of applied prophylactic and tban*
peutie aanitatfon, whtch enables
tha physician to direct, advise,
prescribe or apply food, water,
light, heat, exercifiea (patflfve
and active), manipulation, ad*
jutting tttwe, vital organ* or
anatomical structure hy manna),
mechanical or electrical lnatrtt-
raontt or appliance!; or other
natural agency to attlst nature re-
4ton a psychological and physio-
>glcal Interfauction for the pur-
poto of maintaining a normal
itate of health In mind and body.
(Copyright, 1919)
All Bights Strictly Reserved
In that dark hour when sympathy and beat servlc* count so
muoh—call up
Pbone Fairmont 58
Prompt Ambnlanre Service
"A Good Place to Ettt"
Tou are entitled tt Jetephone
aervice that ll quick, accurate aad
wide in ita extensions. To giva
the best service, this company la
constantly Improving and adding
to its equipment Ita operating
rai-thnds an atandardised. Your
telephone aervice is seeond ta
none. Tour assistance and so*
orient Eon enables ns to give yon
Intercommunication of the widest
scope and highest obtainablt ell*
taa Non-aloohollc wises of ill
You may wish to help The Federationist. Von cah do so by renewing your subscription promptly and
sending ln tho subscription of yonr
friend or neighbor.
"A -cmarkaHo look by a remarkable msn."—The Freethinker.
Anelyaed snd Contraeted from tbe Manias
snd Darwinian Point, of View. By Bishop
William Montgomery Brows, D.D. Ita Bold
Recommendation.: Bssllh th. GoJa from tb.
Skloa and Capltallata from lh. Earth and
mak. tk. World aaf. for Indnitrlal Com-
munlim. Published, October, 1920.
Snenty-Nftb Thoaeaad snt nsdy. Pp. 22..
Cloth Edition, De Idle, $1,00. nils whole edition of 1,000
copies Is a Christinas gift to the sufferers by famine ln Russia.
Evory copy snld means a whole dollar to them and much education to tlio buyer.
,. "9.?11 ■"*<••«»■« exi-ao.dlnarr aad annihilating boob. I lav. ner net.
It will ihsk. tho country."—Tl. Appeal t. llealon.
New Paper Edition, 25,000 copies, artlatio de_!(a, very beutlfal, os.
copy 25 centi, six, fl.00. Sand .3.00 tor twonty-Hv. copies for ObrlitSMS
proaenta. '
IHB B. 0. FEDEBATIOinSI, LTD., 911 P.nd.r St W., Vtanram, B.O.
"It will do s wopderfnl work in Ihis the greateK erili. ia all hiitory."—Troth, -February lt, ltll
Phoning About Dental Pricos
We ea& talk about your teeth over the phone—
the oost of necessary work—before you eome.
Simply by phoning, you can learn beforehand the coat-
approximately—of any dental work necessary. I am
glad to have you phone for the reason that my prices
are moderate. They assure you that the work done
won't he expensive. Perhaps you would like to know
my new low scale of prices for Plate and Bridgework.
In that esse—phone. Don't hesitate.
All my work is done painlessly—is the best dentistry
you can get.
Sey. 33S1
Thli Eiprosslon Dontist
Corner Seyuioni*
Offloo Opon Tins, and m Ev'gs.
Expression Teeth
I I specialise In Expression
Teeth—teeth that lit with
l'-rfcct adjustment, match
the   natural   teeth   and
i give the features their
proper form.
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
er,   nationally-known  lawyer,  one  and   a   thirl   five   mlnutee.    The
of the largest personal stockhoM-   prospect  of lti delegate* at Bv.
DK-v,BREr.  A8*?,!?80?; /""J* »«W of tb. faculty ot th.
College of Bentlitvy, Ualrenlly of fkrat-.ni CaMerais. Lwlurar
at Crown .nd Brlcknrork, Demomtr.tor ia tUtawork and Operative Dentiitry, local sad Oenersl Anaeathesia.
Vancouver Uniona
Incouver trades and labor
OUNCIL—Prealdenl, X. W. Bailey;
■rotary, 1. 9. Smith. Meet. Ird Wad-
I day eseh suatb In Ib. Panta. Hsll,
Iner of Pander sad Bow. stmts.
>n. Bey. Sti.	
oil—HeeU second Monday Ie tho
nth. Preaident, J. B. White; i
7, R. H. Natlaafa, P. 0. Box 66.
tieai brieklayera or uuou lbr boiler
Irka,   etc.,   of   Marble   aattera,   *■*■--*
IckUycre'  Union, Labor Templo.
■SERVIOE mea meeti eecond end
firth Wedneedeya of eaeh month, it «1
rdOTti St W., it 8 p.m.   Jaa. Farnham,
. p. U,—Preatdent, H. Orand; aacw-
_., 0. 0. Millar. Meeta Sad and dth
■kdneidar la eaeh month ln Pander Hall,
Irner of Pender and Howe Streeta.
Tione Heyaonr aai.
Auoelatlon. Local Illl-Olet nd
It 18* Cordora St. W. MeeU Int
d third rrtdtja. S p.k. Beeretarr
faanrer, T. Nixon; bnalneaa agent, P.
lal    onion   of  aU    workera   In   lot*
Mt and eonatractlon campa. Ooaat DU-
' 1 and Otneral H*ai_«art*ti, 61 Car*
_ >M. V.TMMnar.V 0. Haaa lef.
|5«. J, M, Clarke, central Krentar-f
Irasoreri legal a*rUera,   llaaan.   Bird,
hedonald * Oe., Vaneoavar, B. Ci a "
ll, Meaan. Battar *- Chlcae, Van
^DkiUTBD JlfeikUftalM* uni6n Alt
0.—formerly Firemen and Ollett'
.__J__ of Brttlah Colombia—Meeting
Jfbt, Stat aid third Wtdneedar of eaeh
|oath at 101 Vain Street. Pmldent.
Wllllama; Tioe-preaidi-nt, R. Morgan;
leroury-treaaarer, W. DenaldBon. Ad*
" ■ ■ 10* Main Stmt, Vaneonver, B, 0.
_..--.rla Braneh Agent'a addreaa, W.
grancU, Wt _________ Bt„ Vietoria, B. 0.
ratora aad Paperfcaafara  af Amorlea.
tal  188,  TMeMVei*—Heata  2nd and
.-_ Thnridara at l«l Cardan Bt W.
June Bef. «••■•  Baeineaa agent, B. A.
tt Bridgemen, Perrichmea and Rlggera
. Vaneonver anl vlclnlt/.   1"	
* J.  • li"*. " O. B. V.
Bt. W.    Prealdeat,   W. .,
1 aeeretary and bailnaie agoat, C.
Li|Ehono Seymoar 181,
}nr Wailntlakter, meeta every dm Snd
Urd Prld.y In the Labor Temple. Royal
na. snd 7th Street.    Bsglneers etip-
1.    Addreee Seeretary,  1040 Hutu.
Bind,   New   WaaUalneUr,   B.   0.
'   «o«r.
Imployeea, Pilaw D1.W.B, B* 101
kl.lt. A 0. r. Ihll, «.«« Pl.ai.et
I ssd Ird Monday, st 10.1* s.m. ud
i. Pr.al_.at, P. A. Beenr, MOS Clark.
rs; -._KdiDfHi.er.lsry, P. R. Orlffin.
17—flih A.enn. Eut; inwuror, K. S.
■mland; _nan.lal-B.C-.tary and bail-
las Sfint, W. B. Collrell, MOS _>«_•
lie, Straal; .He. earner Prior .ad Mala
|a. PHae Pair M0.R.	
JibiMVutif raiLORi'  tJNio» or
|America. Loeal Be. 17S—Meellnfa bald
'.t kfonday Is eaeh moath. 8 p.m.   Pree-
int, A. lt. Oatoshy; Tiuo-preeldoni, D.
i|   rafl.rdlng   eMrelary,    0.   _!••
P. 0. Boi SOI: Snanolal tezte-
, Templeton. P. 0. Bex SOB.
l_lMU but S-nd-y of .aoh month at
[p.aa.    Preeid.nl, 0. H. Collier; Tie*
Mtdent, B. B. Gough; aecreUry-
, R. H. HtwlseJa, Bear 66.
, _. C. meeU orery Tneaday evenins
I I p.m. In Ib. 0. B. V. Hall, SO. Pen-
r St. W.   Seoretary, R. Horabnrgk, Pan-
■ Hall.	
.-- th. 0. B. V. maeU on tb. third
1-dne.d.y of ot.ly neath. Rrerybody
Provincial Uniona
Calgary  Jobless   Object
to Charitable  Organizations
The unemployed of Calgary, did-
satlslled with the methods of handling relief work ln that city, have
decided to circulate a petition
throughout the olty fbr signatures,
The petition reads:
"We, the undersigned voters of
Calgary, hereby protest against the
aotion of the City Council In accepting the proposals of the Board
of Publlo Welfare, and the placing
of three aldermen on that board.
"We demand that the administration of unemployed relief be immediately taken over by the City
Council, in accordance with their
statement t« that effect of Jan. 9,
which was as follows:
"'Relief should be handled by
the City Counoil with the co-operation of other bodies (organised
labor and unemployed.)'
"We further demand that no
more funds be given by the City
Council to any charitable organization for the relief of workers, but
that all relief requiring the expenditure of public monies be administered by responsible parties elected by the people."
In addition to the above petition,
It was decided to protest against
the unsanitary conditions at Victoria Park, where the unemployed
are housed.
Many men have -been offered
work at from 910 to $15 per month
on farms. These offers have been
refused, and Fair Wage Officer
Harrison was interviewed on the
matter, in view of tho faot that It
was agreed that the labor bureaus
should decide as to what was a fair
wage for single men who were offered work on the farms, Hr.
Harrison asked the representatives
of the unemployed to agree to ordering the men to accept these
wages, but they refused to do so,
owing to the agreement arrived at
in January, and contended that the
next move was up to the Labor
There is much unemployment
amongst women workers, and a
number of women workers have
organised and will seek to organise
all unemployed women, and the
wives and daughters of unemployed
All the men working in the log-1
ging camps at Merritt came out on
striko last Sunday. The men are
demanding the eight-hour day nnd
a minimum wage of four dollars
per day.
"All the camps on this line are
owned by the Nicola Pine Mills Co.,
Ltd., but the company does not
operate any camps. All the logging Is let out to contractors, but
the company backs the payroll, so
it really amounts to the company
being in a position where it can
hire or lire any of the men. The
only part of the woods operated
dirfectiy by the company , i% the
"Jammer" or log loader. The
"jammer" crew came out along
with the men. in the contractors'
camps, ahd everything is tied up.
The company's mill just open-Id up
a few days ago, and as there Ib only
very small quantity of logs on
hand at the mill it will mean that
the mill will havo to close down in
a very short timo. Tliis company
Is the only outfit which handles
bull pine to any extent- so the
company will not be able to secure
any assistance from the Mountain
Lumbermen's Association. There
are about 200 men affected; but
the situation looks good for a successful strike.
The abovo is a summary of the
report of the striko, which arrived
here two days ago, and it serves as
an ample Illustration that th* men
working in the interior camps are
alive and kicking.
The Kamloops offlco asks for the
financial assistance of all active
workers in the lumber industry to
enable them to win this strike. If
the men working at Merritt succeed in winning this strike, and
they must and will succeed, It will
mean the establishment of the
eight-hour day in that pnrt of tho
country. For that reason '.t is imperative that all workers ln the
lumber Industry assist them. This
strike must be won, but it will not
be won on sympathy; the men
must be furnished with sufficient
food to enable them to hold out
long enough to bring the company
to torms. All fellow workers who
have a few dollars to spare are requested to send as much as they
can either to their nearest branch
offico or else direct to tho Kamloops offlce of the L. W. I. U., Box
812, Kamloops, B. C. Let us by
our united action prove ln a concrete manner that we are behind
tho men on strike.
As a warning to those who may
be foolish enough to desire to go
to Merritt In search of a job, we
say, "Keep away from Merritt;
there ar* men on strike there, and
It may be bad for your health if
you were to go."
Reports are at hand that the
Alberni Pacific Lumber Company
at Port Alberni have reduced the
wages of the fallers and buckers
working for that company. The
fallers and buckers were working
by the piece, receiving 70 cents per
thousand and a five-cent bonus,
the company is attempting to re-,
duce the price to 60 cents per
thousand and a five-cent bonus.
The fallers ahd buckers are demanding: that the old rate be kept
up, or else that day wages be paid;
day Wages preferred. In all probability there will be trouble In this
camp before long, and all lumber
workers are requested to keop
away- from this camp until further
notice. Givo these men an opportunity of making the company kick
through with day wages.
"Keep away from Merritt, B.C."
"Keep away from Port Alberni,
State Machinery
Collapsed in Strike
Hand your, neighbor this oopy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription,
aad Labor ConneU—Maeta flnt and
UM Waeneadaya, Kolgt-a of Prthlaa
BaD, Horth Park fitntt, al I n.m. Pieaf-
Jsat, 0. Starts; vko'prestaont, R. Elliott; aeeratary-tr-Mwarar, t. 8. ^*7«oi-
ward, P. 0. ___ 302, Vlotoria, B, ft
Oaanell, 0. B, U. Branehta: Priaeo
Rupert DiatHot Flahorlta Board, O.B.U.;
Motetlitt-rouB Minora' Dlitrlet Board,
O.B.U. Secmrjr-treaanrer, V. 0. - Boi
tn, Princo Rupert,
Par Twenty, Yeara wo kave issued tkU Unloa Staap far ate nater aar
Peaceful OeUecUfe Bargains!
FerMda Beth Strikes and X-eckosta
ftUputa Settled by ArhitraUoa
Steady Employment and Skilled Workvaaihif
Prompt Deliforioi to Dealers aad PatUe
Paaea aad Saeeeaa to Workers aad Employers
prosperity ef fhoo Making OonmnniUaa
Aa loyal islam aaa ul womb, we aak
"  la demaai ahoea hearing   tta   share
Stamp en Sole, Iasole ar Lining.
yea »
Fresh Oat Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plants
Ornamental ut Aid* ftsss, Sssdj, Bulbs, Fl-tiits' ■nndjin
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
M Huting, Mast East 728 Oranyills Kreel
■ermoni Wfll Seymonr 9813
Special DflUwry lo
Haatinji Bait, Huting. Towoiit.,
Vancou.* H.ijhti. OoUlnrwtod,
Fraaar Ar.nii., OraadTlm, Main St.,
ralrrtaw, Wut Anna.,, Ptlat Onr,
Wnt End.
Btary Saturdar Tra. Dallnrr
Qnallly Pot Roaata, from, lb H'/.C
quality Own Boa-ts, from, lb. „12V_e
Quality Roltod Roasts, por lb.. 200
totality Boiling B.«(, trora, lb. ...80
Quality Eonolraa Stev But,  lb...IBo
POBK        POBK        POBK
Hav. you evor triad oa. ol our
Famoua Pork __ould.ii for your
woek-end roaata 1 If not, yos are
aliasing aomethlng good. Wo will
havo tbem on aale on Friday and
Saturday. They only weigh from
4 tb 8 lba. and they are all Al*
bert. grain-fed Pork. Tho regular prie. la aso lb. Special for
Friday and Saturday, Ib. ...1< l-2o
lte hsr. Iota of Pot
On aale,   Sl.ter'a Famoua Mldille
Cuts   of  Pork,, weighing   from
2 to 8 lba.: regular SO. . lb.
Special, per lb 25J/3c
Qeuttin. Pur. Leaf    Lard,
W. will hsr. on aal. all    d.y    on
Friday and up to 12 o'clock noon on
Saturday.   Mo.  I    Albert.   Creamery
Butter.    Special,  S lba. for ....11.00
Th. rery flnoat of New Zealand
Batter on aale on Saturdar mora.
Ing, from 7 a.m. ta 12 noon. Reg.
10. lb. Ellrt apeclal, 8 lba.
far    81.20
The 1 M.T.I Loggers' Boot
Hall eiders tsriesallF sttwdad ta
Guaranteed to Hold Oanlka ud An Tlioruujhlr Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Bucceaiore to H. VOS ft SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
PtVne Seymour WS Repairs Done While Vou Wall
Slater'a  Famous  Sngar Cared  Rolled
Bacoa,  8  lba.  for  JOo
The  finest   Canadian  Cheeae,   per
lb. - 2lo
Slater'a Pinoitt Ayrshire Baek Baeon*
on aale Friday sett Saturdar*
ali'-Wd,   Ib   35e
Slater'a Sliced Bolted Bacon, lb...36a
Slater'a Famous Sugar Cured CotUie
Rolls, half or whole, per lb 2l'/jB
( B. 0.
Fresh Eggs, per dos...
Slater'a  Famona   Streaky  Bacon,  la
cute of a lbs. and np, lb SlVie
Buy your Streaky Bacon by tbe
half or whole alab, Slater's price,
par lb n 3Sy9
Cooper's Seville Orango Marmalade on aale on Friday and Batar-
day. Regular price of this mar
malade is 86a, out Winter aeya ve
have to reduco the stock. Frl*
day and  SalurdBy,  4-lb. tin....600
Slater'a Famous Spnda, delivered,
per aaek *. * 1.65
All to be hid at Slater'a Four Big
Fbona Tour Orders, Large or Small
ISO Gran-fille SL • Phone Sey. B6S
3280 Main St. • - Phone Fair. 168$
1101 GrauviUa St (Oor. Dirle, oa
Granville SI.)    Phona Ser. 6119
(Continued" from Page 1)
fields of Weat Virginia, are the outstanding features of the published
Senate committee hearings oa ths
causes of Industrial war In tkat
The testimony shows that the
State governmental machinery collapsed becauae of the ownership or
control of coal fields and operations by the most unscrupulous and
lawless anti-union force in America—the United States Steel Corporation and the Pennsylvania Railroad, either directly or through
their subsidiaries.
The State of West Virginia has
abdicated in southern Weat Virginia in favor of private armies of
deputy sheriffs and outside detective agencies.
The police power of the State has
been handed over to, or usurped
by, the courts of the State through
the Interpretation of certain laws
which make the mine worker in
fact, if not ln name, a chattel slave.
The testimony before the committee showed that ln Mingo county 1600 miners have been locked
out for more than a year and a
half. These locked-out miner* and
their wives and children have been
living In tent colonies supplied to
them by the United Mine Workers
of America. This organization has
spent more than $2,000,000 In supporting these locked-out mine workers and their families.
Mingo county haa been Invaded
three times by federal troops. On
eaoh of these three occasions, the
senate committee was shown, the
State authorities appealed- for federal soldiers, while It was still with,
ln their power to have brought
about conditions which would have
resulted in conferences between re*
preservatives of the miners and the
mine owners. This they refused to
Stop Relief
In* addition to federal military
Intervention, Injunctions have been
Issued freely to the mine operators
to prevent the lawful activities of
the mine workers unions. The
courts have even forbidden the
shipment of relief supplies to the
Mingo miners, as well as enjoining
the Union miners in that district
from persuading their fellow workers to Join the organization of their
The leaders of the union miners
ln West Virginia are under heavy
bonds on charges' of "treason" and
"inciting to r\gt." In this most recent attempt to strangle the miners union by "framing" its leaders,
the hand of the same group of men
Is visible who subsidize and direct
the army of deputy sheriffs in Logan and the other anti-union
Underneath and behind these
facts, what did the senate committee flnd to be the causes and the
The sotmtors found that the
mine owners did not want the issue
peaceably settled, and the miners
do want it peaceably settled.
They learned that the 1500 men
living with thcir families in tent
colonies were evicted from their
homes because they joined the United Mine Workers' local.
The miners in Mingo, Lpgan and
othor non.-union West Virginia
counties do not ask for unton recognition. They have not aaked
higher wages, shorter. hours, ur
even improved working conditions,
much as these things are justified.
Tho'coal operators, on the other
hand, attempted to make these tho
issues. Before the senate committee they sought to avoid—but without success—the issues the miners
presonted. And now a nation-wide
publicity campaign is being conducted by the operators and their
agents, baaed upon meagre and
adroitly selected bits of testimony
given by their own witnesses. Newspapers throughout the country are
being flooded with "literature" and
leaflets purporting to set forth the
"real" causes of the struggle. A
steady stream of "coal facts" Is Issuing from what is known as the
"Logan Minos Information Bureau
in Charleston, W. Va. This bureau
is maintained and financed by the
various anti-union operators, who
also pubilah The Miners' Lamp, a
weekly papor freely circulated
among the unorganized workers.
Realise Truth
Nevertheless the record shows
that the operators and their spokesmen realise the truth and justice
of the miners' contentions. That
faot Is made clear by the' following:
The most Influential operator in
the unorganized field where the
lockout la in effect, W. H. Coolldge,
admitted frankly to the committee
that the issue was whether a miner had tho right to join the union.
The operators' chief counsel, Z.
T. Vinson, told the senators that
that was the Issue, and deolared
point blank: "We will not permit
organization In southern West Virginia,"
The attorney general of the State
E. T. England, told the committee
that a union man or organizer was
"persona non grata" In Logan
County, and when discovered, Is
ordered out of the county at once
by the subsidized deputy sheriffs
under Sheriff Don Chnfln.
The head ot the notorious Baldwin-Felts detective agency boosted
that his organization has played an
important pnrt In Mingo county
since the lookout was doclared. A
self-confessed Baldwin-Kelts operative, C. K. Lively, descrltad his
operations as a Labor spy and
"agent provocateur" in Weat Virginia.
During the bearings _L tlntermr.
ers in the United States Steel Cor-'
poration, brought oui during the
heatings the influence of the Steel
Corporation and the Pennsylvania
Railroad in maintaining the antiunion policies of the West Virginia1
cpal operators. Sheriff Chafln of
Logah" County, told the committee
of his own private army of deputies whose buainess It is to keep
out of the county persons held by
the operators to be "undesirable."
Senator Sterling asked Vinson,
the operators' chief counsel whether any "restrictions" are placed
upon miners who come bock Hnd
seek work in the mines?
"Only the restriction of being
non-union," Vinson replied. "They
must not affiliate with the union."
Now, who is Coolldget the biggest operator in the anti-union
field? It was Coolldge who during the hearings referred to miners who have joined the union as
"highwaymen and robbers," who
hurled epithets at the miners and
flatly refused to consider- any proposition whereby, the controversy
may be peaceably settled. Cool-
ldge's attitude pretty accurately represents that of the combined operators assocaitlona, Coolldge, besides being chairman of the board
of directors of his company, ts
director in more than twenty other
corporations, tn politics he ae*ja
he is a republican. "More business
ln government and less govornment
in business" ie his daily motto, he
told the committee,
'Union miners wishing to come to
Logan County therefore must first
get a permit from Coolldge. Coolldge maintains that the First
Amendment to the Constitution
gives htm the right to keep them
away. And he has a private «rmy
to enforce his interpretation of that
Vet it is Coolldge and his associated coal operators who have
shown that they have the power to
continue the ruthless campaign
against the women and children of
the miners who join that organ!*
Dissatisfied with
Present System of
Unemployed Relief
(Continued from page 1)
appealing to all the different locals
of organized labor In Vancouver to
send delegates to this convention,
realizing that It was only the workers who were capable of solving
the problem—a menace to society
as a whole and the working class
in 'particular.
"Unemployment ta with us to
stay," he asserted. "This Job has
got to be taken hold of by somebody, and that somebody Is the
J. Hawke, of North Vancouver,
spoke .briefly of the state of affairs
on the North Shore, placing the
number ot unemployed and depen
dents at 1165. Fully one-third of
his organization consisted of returned soldiers.
0. Stock of Lynn Valley, submitted a short written report on his
district; where the North Vancouver!,Workers Protective Association was up against the eld story
ot "readjustment of finances," etc.,
when demanding work at union
rates of pay.
Delegate J. J. McDonell, representing the single men, spoke of the
too men driven to Hastings Park
as the recipients of charity, given
two days' work per week, and their
$6.40 earnings taken back from
them for their board—leaving SOc
per week! Yet most of them fought
for their country and were willing
and able to work. They protested
against being classed as outcasts,
and demanded the right to live as
1200 Idlo In South Vancyuver
A South Vancouver delegate reported 1200 unemployed in more1
than 40 trades. Married men and
dependents made a total of 5000 in
need. They were in arrears with
their taxes, threatened with the
cutting off of light and water, and
with the loss of their little homes.
About 4620 lots had fallen to the
municipality during the past three
H. Harris (Vancouver) gave estimates of the number of unemployed in the city, though he said
it was "hard to get any data what.
ever" from the city hall. Only
that morning, men sent to organize
were classed" as "agitators," and
some men were "fired." On this
occasion, however, through having
"ono good man on the council,"
they had been "forgiven."
Walter Head, of Burnaby, reported that the men in his district
had only just orgnnized. The reeve
and council appeared to have met
them sympathetically, but J. II.
McVoty was credited with having
taken lt on himself to block the
way. The unemployed and dependents were estimated at 2K0O. They
had stated they wero getting sick
and tired of tho word "dole;" they
were only getting back something
out of thc surplus they had piled
up. .(Applause.) They had themselves to blame, however, for not
organizing before. The reeve was
now trying to provide four days'
work a week instead of two; otherwiso they would have to "take matters ln their own hands, and demand something of what they had
produced before."
Women'a Bxperlences
Mrs. Priestloy spoke briefly of
the experiences of the women who
took turns in relief work. In one
case, they found an old lady of 73
with her daughter of 50, who
"hadn't any coal ln the house," and
were in fact destitute. In some
places they found babies lying
A "reverend" delegate briefly
supplemented Mrs, Prlestloy's remarks.
Tho chairman then pressed for
the assistance of those present* to
try and solve tho situation. "We
recognize that It's a big proposition, and needs the coolest heads
if we ure going to do anything."
The credentials committee having now flnl-died their scrutiny, the
names of the delogatos and their
organizations woro read out and
accepted. Only accredited delegates were permitted to tako part
In the subsequent discussions, the
chairman and socretary being confirmed In otllco at thin point as beforo mentioned.
There was a short but spirited
discussion as to the time limit for
each speaker. One delegate thought
two minutes quite onough for "concrete suggestions only." Another
suggested  a  10  minutes latitude:
minutes each caused some merriment; but the five minutes' limit
was adopted.
A belated delegate—Mrs. Thomas of New Westminster—was given
a brief opportunity to report on
conditions In the royal burgh,
where she said the unemployed
had not yet really got organized.
Up to date, nobody had been turned away on applying for relief, but
no Work had been provided except
pipe-line work at 40 centa an hour,
involving considerable outlay for
equipment and expenses of going
out. The mayor had said that If
this kind of wbrk was turned down
no other kind of relief Would be
forthcoming. Thla waB not a rosy
prospect, for men with no blank-
eta nt home even. "We want |o
get busy to clean up the dirty insects lots we have In New Westminster," the speaker somewhat
ambiguously declared. She deprecated the false shame of those in
need. "If the men would only
come forward and show their poverty from top to toe, we should get \
on much quicker," she said.
The decks Hnving thus been
cleared for action, Mrs. Booth now
presented the main resolution, Insisting on the national character
ot the unemployment problem, the
failure of local meoaures to deal
With it, and the obligation of the
Federal Oovernment to take control.
DelVgato Harris, for the marrien
men, spoke in support. If the gov.
ernment has Set $90 as the necessary subsistence rate for a family,
they Bhould demand nothing less,
Union men stand for union wages
for their own sake.
Groceries In a Sack
Relegate Jackson, South Vancouver, approved of the resolution.
Hu repudiated the assertion that
the city had given 1800.000 to the
unemployed, comparing the figures
for South Vancouver, where much
more had been done owing to the
fact that they were organised. He
was scathing of the practice of
"handing out groceries In a sack,"
putting the men In a "bastile," and
So forth. "I've been ln the unemployed army now twelve months,
and I don't see how I'm ever going
to get out of it," he said. "For my
wife and babies I'm going to flght,
and they shall eat."
Delegate Drayton noted how the
officials "soothed them a little'by
telling them what they are entitled
to," and then take opportunity to
"dock them a litle" when they get
a chance.
Delegate B. Burns (Longshoremen), declared a solution "Impossible, as we are at present organized." The only thing waa to "try
to alleviate the situation a little."
He was tn favor of the resolution.
Delegate T. Burns, also from the
Longshoremen, spoke In favor.
The Dominion Oovernment had
escaped their responsibility. They
alone were responsible. They raised
millions for war, and called men to
flght for freedom -nd democracy,
wtth aU sorts ot inducements on
their return to civil life. That
promise had not been kept
The situation could be met lf the
Dominion Government were honest
enough. The unemployed could be
set building houses on confiscated
land—given five acres apiece and
made self-supporting.
A suggestion that something
might be substituted for "union
rate of wages," led the chairman
to remark, ';To my mind, It doesn't
matter very much just what the
resolution says." The thing was
to bring pressure on the government and keep In touch.
The main difficulty wa-s that,
w.hcn practically destitute, they
organized; till then, they hid their
poverty and kept away. The manner in which the doles were handed
out conduced to this. The unemployed could not organise themselves properly. They were too
busy seeking a meal. They had
no funds.
Those who were employed, and
professed to take an Interest ln the
situation, might outline "some
scheme by which the whole unemployed can be registered, and
the situation put up to the government ns It realty Is."
Reliof should be handed out te
a decent manner. "The more de
grading they make the work, the
harder it Is for you to go after the
work. The humiliation they put
you to minimizes the extent to
which they will have to give re
On resuming the chair, he put
the resolution to a show of hands,
Carried with one dissentient.
Call for Committee
Mrs. Booth read the second resolution, calling for tbe olection
of a committee of 26 to put the
situation to (he government.
The flrst delegate In support, declared the resolution was a good
one. In the past they had not
been successful. They had now te
get down to business.
Delegate Floyd declared It absolutely necessary thet something
should come out of this conference. "Unemployment is with us
to stay," he said, "until the end of
this system. We've got to stop
throwing smoke screens over
things that stop our way."
He deprecated the sectionalism
and the apathy of the laat seven
years, and declared: "That resolution you have heard Just now Is
absolutely essential."
Delegate Nixon, from the Carpenters, aald It was a waste of
time for the unemployed to go
before any governing body today
and expect to get resudts. The
last election had shown how much
power there was behind labor—
organised or unorganized. They
must get the other bodies forming
part of the social system as It
exists today.
Power of Fear
"Labor unions are not apathetic," he declared. "Last year wa
had the power of fear—that the
wolves might be on them this winter. Two organizations blocked
the way: the Canadian Manufacturers' Association and the Radical Lrhor Movoment." Organ
Iced labor had worked for Ave
solid months.
Delegate Jackson, of South Van
couver, chp. icm, d the last speaker
to show results. "We are coltected
here from organizations of every
description—because nothing htm
boon done In tho pnst. Wo can see
the weaknesses of the pnst—nnd
we can dodge thom. Shut down
the works; shut down the railroads; and whero are the politicians? In the workers' hands absolutely.   Certainly we can do no-
C. N. U. X. Headquarters j
The Office and Reading Room of the Canadian
National Union of Ex-Service Men ia located
at 61 Cordova Street West, firat floor (mr).
Secretary can be found there any tine.
A Mass Meeting
Of the Unemployed ami Employed Workera
At 2:80 p.m
i i I I I I
thin*—If we want to it nothing.
Stand up like men! We've been on
our belliee long enough."
Delegate Harris aid that In
South Vancouver their had itarted
to organize betimes; ao they oould
clfie to a meeting.and then go
back to work without apposition.
"If this 15 had been ia Mttion, and
we had been told we had been Bred,
they would have squashed that
Immediately." He urged "Get to'
gether" in the city df Vanoouver;
get organized, employed and unemployed.
The motion to elect * committee
of it waa now put and carried!
nem con.
Delegate Crawford, of the Vancouver Tradea and Labor Couneil
(Int.), now demurred to further
action without Ilrst reporting back
to their organization-.
Delegate Oeo. Hardy (Carpenters), deolared for supporting the
ruolutlon and going ahead with
organisation. 'The Central body
hss done nothing to organise tbe
unemployed," he said. 'Tht resolution It In perfect order aai
ahould be adopted unanimously."
Delegate E. Burnt ado declared
for Immediate action; otherwise
they would accomplish nothing.
The chairman declared the way
now optn for nominations, and a
delegate suggested that those who
had not yet been ln touch with the
situation ahould get on the Job. The
nominations wtrt speedily made:
several declined, including J. Kavanagh and J. O. Smith; additions
made up the number required, and
tht committee of II wu duly
eleoted. >
Wanted Dtauattratloa
Dtltgate O'Neill moved that a
matt demonstration _« held aa Uw
last Bunday ot thlt month.
Delegate Hardy remarked that
he did not anticipate a favorable
reply from the Federal Government, but "before wt give them a
chance to reply, I do not think wt
should demonstrate agalnit tha government." Tht matter wu shelved
while Aid. Pettipiece wm allow}
ed the privilege of making a statement re his week-end visit to Viotorla with at "influential" delegation, to preu ftr action. Oliver
aad Sorlbbens were to take the
matter up In person at Ottawa
without delay, he reported. Meanwhile, lf Reeve McLean of Burnaby wu officially confirmed In hts
view, that four days' work could be
given Instead of only two, there
would be nothing to prevent Pettlplece from taking It up with
Aid. Qlbblns u chairman of committee.
The men wht had "downed tools,"
having been reinstated, except
about li, he would be glad to know
further particulars. Ths suggested four daya a week was about
all they could expect. He wu for
government work. A former appropriation of .l.ieo.oeo wu understood to be still available for
public works In the varloSs provinces. Sc-ribbins would see what
could be done. It appeared that
tbt government had limited the
power of the municipality and the
province to levy taxes. "The only
people who can take It out of the
big fellows is the Dominion Government." There waa not a scarcity of food; but tho corporatlorif*
had got It under lock and key. The
government commandeered In war
time as a state necessity; they could
commandeer now If they desired.
The ni» meeting motion wu
now taken up again, and a warm
discussion ensued, making tht lut
hour of the session u strenuous u
the preceding. An amendment
propoaed to refer tht matter to tht
Delegate Jackson wu strong for
demonstration of their ability to
organise, and demand recognition.
"By all meana stay with the flrst
motion," he urged.
The chairman wu more than
dubious, "We had parades eighteen years ago ,and you're starving
yet," he said. '.'Just to parade
your misery! There's nothing to
tt. To report to a mass meeting—
It doesn't amount to a row of
Need Maa
Delegate Beard  (central unem
ployed) aald the parade "will give
encouragement to those organisa
tions which havt tried tt do i
thing for tht unemployed. Wt
will need that mast behind us. Wt
will see who to with us."
Delegate Hardy discounted tht
psychological effect ot a parade w
liable to effervesce and disappear
within a week or two. "Tour poll,
ticlans use thote sort _f argument*
Just before eleetion," tw said, "bat
hot Ave yean beforS." -
Mrs. Booth wu emphatically Ib
favor of the parade—with bknds at
the back -and bands at the front!
"Parade unemployment wtlh all ltd
degradation and all itt humiliation," she advocated. "Hava aa
Unemployment Sunday-''
Another dtttgatt told they could
only demonstrate with misery.
"Any action hut a ttatt of coma,*
he urged. "Parade every Sunday
—and the Red Flat raited!"
Delegate Harris wu In favtf
of the parade, "because the govern,
ment does not want It" He did
not intend his children to starve,
nor to keep them "half and half
u at present—half living and half'
m a—-_—-^
A woman delegate suggested,
"Hold It all over Canada."
Another wtman delegate soldi
"I would llkt to set u many women In thlt parade tt men. I am
fully in sympathy with thit par-
ade, as, lf we sit down and tak*.
the milk and water they give us.
we shall never get anything else.1*
Mrs. Clarke suggested sounding
the organsatlons eh tht matter
Another delegate favored the demonstration only on condition—ta
hear the report of tht committee
as to what they had accomplished.
Delegate B. Burns said a matt
meeting had only a psychological
effect. The majority had accomplished very little. Bt also stipulated aomethlng "definite"—auch a*
the reply ot the government.
Finally on amendment to tha
amendment wu carried, Instructing the committee to arrange for 4
parade on Feb. il.
J. Kavanagh added a suggestloa
that tht clergy be uked to call attention to tht unemployment situ,
atlon on the same date.
Delegate O'Neill further suggest,
ed that the use of tht Tabernaolt
be aaked for In cast of tbe weather
being unfavorable.
Seattle—Sewing circles ta every
residential district of this city tr*
being formed u part of tht clothing relief work undertaken by tha
Frienda et Soviet Ruaela. Then
circlet will meet once a week aad
give an entire day to mending and
making new clothing for tht destitute Russians.
Wd mite Udieg' OanaenU
Eight Hen ia Vuooaver
—tbo equal la style tad smart-
■tee of aay offered la Oaaada.
. **tut_."——. Oestt, etc.—tee
•atea tiytaa-tts tsuutest ___d.l_-__
iH tba aew nils, tm,lata bast
fer ynir ekseslag.
W. »g.r Uaae faraaats lewar tua
elasvaen -aeuaa w. <sei Intel i
eliadsate an Iks aUaetrasB', prsdlt.
Olotk A Snit Oo.
su ■AMjjfai IT., am Ors«vUli
nnnM, muimi, truss.
mail aas soooaroiai
Oalse oaaaab, writ, tat priaM.   Wt
■ire ainiFAcrioa.
The Oliver Rooms
Kvarythiaf Modem
'Rttot Reasonable
Tke Mail Fish and Chips
(Opp. Olty Baa>
Ws em. Ike b..t Hab la tke dig.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY-Workera' Party.
TUHSDAY-Workers' Council.
WHDNESDAY-Tradcs and Labor Council
and Workers' Party.
FRIDAY February 10, 191
Here's a
English Gabardine
Gabardine Coat, cleverly
cut and conscientiously tailored. Silk lined. You may have
either slash or patch pockets,
peak lapel or convertible collar, raglan or set-in sleeves,
and either the loose style as
shown in the sketch, or a
belter. Colors are fawn and
olive. This stylish coat cost
$40 and $45 last year. The
Dick figure today is
Send In your mall ordors
with measurement of
arm, cheat and height.
AJI parcels sent express
prepaid on receipt of
price,    and    guaranteed.
worth or your monoy back'
Hoover Plays with
Lives of Millions
of Russian People
(Continued frwn page 1)
' With many of thd facta unknown
•nd with the general belief that
lhe 120,000,000, together with the
110,00,000 that Hoover had forced
the Soviet government to give.
.would be sufflclent to meet the immediate needs. Thoae who were
■till so ebepicious as to continue
to doubt Hoover's good faith, contented themselves by believing that
Hoover would confine his work te
the "peaoeful penetration" of Soviet Russia, letting the American
food and example of efficiency
serve as a propaganda weapon to
wean the Russian workers from
Hoover's Motives
But Hoover had more up his
sleeve than the peaceful penetration" of Soviet Russia. Besides
■ Besides the satisfaction of his own
personal ambitions and the increasing of hfs own political prestige, Hoover had one other trump
to play. He conceived tbe highly
civilised plan oi creating the Illusion that all the relief needs were
being filled by the American Relief Administration with its 130,-
000,000, His purpose was to destroy all the independent relief organizations, thereby preventing the
greatly needed additional relief
and also preventing a demonstration of brotherhood and solidarity
for the Russian workers, on the
part of the American people from
manifesting itself.
To do this Hoover took to his
bosom the only non-radical Russian relief organization which was
operating on a large scale, the
Friends' Service Committee, or
"Quakers," and helped them organise a special committee of liberals for a great national drive.
He let It be tacitly understood that
the relief would have to be greatly
augmented If the Russian famine
situation wns to be allevlnted to
any great extent, The response
that came from the flrst appeals of
the enlarged Quaker drive was tremendous. A former chairman of
the special organization gave out
the Information that the receipts
were increasing at the rate of
•bout $10,000 a week, that each
successive weok of the drive
brought in $10,000 more than the
preceding week.
Flashes the Knife
Having gained the confidence of
tho Quaker organization, Hoover
fashed his knife. The word came
from sources very close to Hoover
Eureka Tea Co.
Ttuh __us_>- O.B.i Sally
lass si4 Cs-Tss I Iks. tn II ss< sp.
that the American Belief Administration had the Russian situation
well In hand and that other outside
help was unnecessary. Influential
members of the .Friends' special
committee ujere so informed.
Wealthy persons of liberal leanings
who could have been expected to
support the Russian relief work
were told that nothing further was
necessary. Hoover's propaganda
did a good Job. In a short time
the receipts of the Friends special
committee had dropped oft to almost nothing. Shortly afterwards
It was anounced that the special
committee would discontinue its
collections and would only continue Its' present work in Russia
until the funds now on hand were
[Editor's note.—The American
Friend's Service Committee, 20
South 12th street, Philadelphia,
Is still appealing for funds for
lta work In Buzuiuk counly in
the state of Sumara, a region as
large as tho state of Indiana,
with a population of 618,970, of
whom 262,100 are children under 14. Twelve American Quakers relief workers are at work
ln this area and three additional workera are en route.]
Hoover had lived up to Ills fair
name. The situation as far as he
was concerned was now well In
hand. He was getlng credit for
performing a great humanitarian
work. About seven-eighths ot the
starving workers in the famine
stricken districts would go on
starving. The Soviot Government
would be accused of not giving
the proper support to the American Relief Administration. Hoover's prestige ns a great executive
thing would be lovely.
A Fre* Band
The Friends special committee
was ditched and there was left no
active organization ln the Held to
carry on a campaign. Hoover had
a free hand to do with Russiun
relief pretty well what he liked.
Hoover, posing as ihe savior of
the starving Russians, was In
reality taking' the bread out of
mouths of the starving babies, men
and women  of Russia.
In spite of all Hoover's crafty
work to keep tho friendly sentiment of the.American people toward Russia from crystallizing
and taking active form, another
organization calling itself the
American Committee for Russian
Famine Relief was formed to
raise funds and materials, particularly foodstuffs, from the American people generally. This organization is officered by the liberal element and announces a
policy of propaganda for the
recognition of the Soviet Government, both economically and Industrially. Its distribution will be
through the Russian Red Cross.
Senator France of Maryland ls
one of its sponsors and already
ten U. s. Senators, many Congressmen and Qovernors, and hundreds of mayors, clergymon and
educators, have accepted appoint-
Every Friday, 7.30 p. m.
All Workers and Their Wives Cordially Invited
Room Open Every Day for Men to Meet in
cnto on  the    zii-tlonal    advisory
>rnjlilttee.   Hoover no sooner was
informed of this new move   than
~ got busy again and attempted
kill the organization in its birth.
Propaganda has been made alleging the radical character of the
organization. Apparently this has
failed of its purpose.
Gets Hysterical
Now Hoover is beginning to get
a little hysterical and has sent a
telegram to the headquarters of
tho American Committee for Russian Famine Relief, which he gave
out to the press, making the plea,
'. . . that as a matter of national pride, if for no other reason,
American relief work in Russia
should' be done by Americans," or
In other words, by Hoover.
At the same time Insidious propaganda is being spread against
thc working class relief organizations. The Friends of Soviet Russia, the most active and successful
of these organizations, is being
mnde the special target of these
thinly veiled attacks which hnvo
as tlieir apparent object the destruction of the organization.
Hoping to damn the Friends of Soviet Russia ln the eyes of the
workers, its name has been connected with the Communists. Falling on this score to scare off sup-
Port, the attempt has been made
to discredit the organization by
spreading lying rumors that tho
money collected ls not being used
for relief work but Is devoted to
propaganda purposes.
To Its everlasting credit, thc
New York "Nation" in its Issue of
January 18, has effectually scotched these dirty rumors with an editorial colling attention to the fact
thnt any organization which can
raise such a great fund (1500,000),
entirely from the working cluss in
this period ot unemployment nnd
widespread attacks on thc labor
movement, wilh un overhend of
only 5 per cent., can boast of a
brilliant record of achievement.
Just what Hoover's game is, Is
no longer a mystery, lt Is not the
openly counter-revolutionary gnme
lie played In Hungary, neither is it
the pencerul penetration with
which ho is being credited.
Hoover's game Is to play with the
twenty million odd lives that are
at stake ln the Volga valley to
the end that the Russian Soviet
Government may be weakened as
much as possible. Just now he ls
finding most effective, the method
of creating the illusion that he
has the situation well in hand, to
the end that the American national conscience may be quieted
and that not more than a fraction
of the necessary relief can be
Tho Job before the American
working class is sufficiently obvious. The work must be kept going
with an ever-increasing intensity.
Every element of the working class
must be swept into the work and
every worker must be made to
realize that his great duty is to
give and get others to give for tho
relief of the famine sufferers of
Soviet Russia.
Dance Saturday,
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night ln the Pender Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe Streets.
Good music, a One floor and every
accommodation. Admission, gents
50c, ladles 26c.
San Francisco—The Rank and
File Federation of Workers has
adopted a resolution asking the
governor of New Tork to pardon
Jim Larkin, as "an Irish political
prisoner," all of whom In England
have already been freed.
Out ont me above, fill in the amount you are willing to
give to tbe defense of The Federationist, and forward it
along with your contribution to the B. 0, Federationist,
Ltd., 342 Pender Street West, Vancouver, B. 0. The money
will be needed if adequate defense of the paper is to be
Feviously acknowledged ....1811.72 i M. L. Hale ....
C. J. Norman        6.00   B' °' & A' B'
E. Campbell       6.00 |
The Brown-Curry Debate
on Creation and Evolution
THIS   SUNDAY   THE   DOCTORStand even the theological colleges
HALF-AN-HOUR before the
doors opened, hundreds were
crowding the sidewalk. Dr.
Brown had many of his supporters
from the First ' Baptist Church,
where for many years he has conducted the Sunday School classes
and di'.cussji.n?. tending to show
the weakness of Darwinian, and
the strength of the story of Creation as told in Genesis. The subject being: ■ "Resolved, that.the Biblical story of Creation, ia more
reasonable and more in accordance
with established facts than the
Darwinian or Evolutionary theory."
The audience and his opponent
expected Dr. Brown would- take up
the Biblical story, and show how
smooth and closely it paralleled
with established fact!?. Instead of
that, he, after making the prelim*
Inary remarks, began reading his
manuscript. This together with
occasional comments, comprised
his part of thc entertainment.
It was not the proofs of the Mo-
siac "creation'.' which the champion of authority dealt with, but
rather the names and statements
of various alleged scientists, who
had never accepted evolution, or
had, after endorsing its philosophy,
abandoned the same! Bo the case,
according to Dr. Brown, resolved itself into confidence .and authority;
flrst faith In these' alleged statements of these biologists, the most
of whom were never heard of by
his opponent; and secondly, confidence In Dr. Brown's statements
being correct. But the most' suspicious feature of this side of the
debate was when Ernest Haeckel
wos declared to have renounced
Darwinism, after-having given his
life to original research on biology,
and nfter publishing the world's
probably greatest works on the
science and philosophy of Evolution.
"The Wonder of Life," "The-Rld-
dle of the Universe," and his crowning work, "The Evolution of Man,"
productions which make
Haeckel the peer of the greatest
minds of the age. ■
Yet, according to Dr. Brown, Ernest Haeckel had said:*1,Most modern investigators have come to the
conclusion that the doctrine of Evolution and particularly of Darwinism, is an error and cannot be
maintained." Where this was
found, Brown never told the audience.
Even Darwin and Huxley had
made n "confession" abandoning
thp must of evolution, and, of
course, as the champion of the
church stated, the only alternative
is Creation, and therefore the Biblical story of Creation has In this
indirect way, been endorsed by the
scientific world.
Thus bus the prodigious •efforts
of modern science, which attempted
to dethrone Jehovah ahd His word,
failed and the "warfare of science"
has nfter all, been waged in favor
of Revelation, as given to the ancient Jews through Moses and the
Prophets. This is what the champion of the church attempted to
show on Sunday.
Dr. Curry Replies
The defence of Evolution was
taken ut> by Dr. Curry, who began
by denying that Haeckel, Huxley or
any well-known biologist ever renounced their belief in Evolution.
What ls uncertain and perhaps will
be understood, said he, ls tbe exact
methods by which naturo operates
ln changing organisms. But we
must remember that while "revelation" has been with us several
thousand years, the science of geology and Darwinism Is only the
product of the last two or three
generations, and yet instead of being an "abandoned theory." the
principal of development from
Star-dust to social systems Is being more firmly established every
Perhaps the strongest assault on
the Oolllath of Creation was the
reading of a letter received from
Prof. Chas, Hill-Tout, well known
ln British Columbia, and a man
who has specialized on biology, and
has formulated and presented some
most Important propositions bearing on the descent of man.
In this letter, Prof. Hill-Tout declares that today every university
worth the name, teaches Evolution
admit Us basic principles.
He ridiculed the idea of Haeckel
and Huxley abandoning results of
their life work in favor of theo
logy, and Dr. Curry declared it
equal to the "recanting" of Voltaire
and Thomas Paine on their death'
beds, but any means Is justified in
saVipg this type of religion, apparently.
Not only had evolutionary science revealed the origin of species
and of worlds, but even the origin
and Evolution of the gods had been
analyzed. This, said the speaker,
holding up Grant Allan's "Evolution of the Idea of God," explains
where Osiris and Brama Zens and
Jupiter came from and Grant Allan has specialized on the Jewish
divinity, showing he was borrowed
from older religions.
He told how Grant Allan, Herbert Spencer and others had,
through their investigations of primitive tribes and mythologies,
discovered how our savage ancestors had, through fear and ignorance, and dreams of dead comrades
and .chiefs, formulated a world
peopled by ghosts or spirits, who
had power of good or evil over the
tribe. Through the prayer and
praise and sacrifices to these dead
chiefs, the medicine-men and later
tho priesthood had evolved, and
they remain to this day. The supernatural Is essential to the master class, and is the foundation of
the church, said Dr. Curry
Numerous churchgoers had the
shock of their lives and being mix-
ed up with proletarians and members of the unemployed army while
they heard these discussions going
on was an experience they will long
This coming Sunday, the weakness of the Biblical story of Creation and the proofs of Evolution,
will be presented.
Between twenty and thirty lantern slides will be shown on the
screen. These will present specimens of fossil remains of comparative anatomy of embryology of
apes and non-missing links, and
will show-how man may create new
forms of life,
Will Seek to-Secure Release of Political Prisoners in U.S. A.
(By the Federated Press)
Washington—Organization at St.
Louis of thc Children's Crusade,
made up of the children and wives
of political prisoners, who are to
come to Washington and present
to the department of Justice and
the president the facts In the individual cases of these politicals,
Is attracting the notice alike of
government officials and amnesty
advocates here.
The department has professed
its willingness at all times to hear
new evidence concerning any individual case In the list of these prisoners. The movement started at
Bt. Louis by. Kate Richards O'Hare,
Mrs. Walter Reader and Mrs. Stanley J. Clark proposes to furnish the
facts and to bring material witnesses, here to face the attorney-
general and the President.
The plan Is. to assemble In St,
Louis all. possible of the women
and children of the families of the
political prisoners, and to send
them in a body from town to town
toward Washington, a meeting to
be arranged hy .he friends of amnesty In eacl- town so visited. Eaeh
meeting will bi asked to raise funds
sufflclent to pay the fare of the crusaders to the neit Mopping point.
Upon their arrival In the national capital, the crusaders will appeal to the President and to the
attorney general at the flrst possible
moment that Interviews ean be
had. They will probably remain
here as long as funds for their
maintenance are available, or until
the President has signified hla wtll.
ingnesa to aet on the new evidence.
-I      • -_L.I
What about your neighbor's
subscription ?
Rhode   Island   Workers
WiU Resist Wage
Providence, R. I.—Twenty thousand textile workers in Rhode Island will go on strike without warning, according to a statement
made by Thomas F. McMahon, International president of the United
Textile Workers 6f America. This^
action will bo taken as a protest'
against the recently announced intention- of employers to . reduce
wages approximately 20 per cent.,
he said.
This decision wub arrived at by a'
meeting of: the Rhode Island Textile Council, attended by representatives of nearly all of the textile
councils in- Rhode Island, which
voted the ultimate authority in catling the strike to McMahon, and
empowered him to select whatever
date he should choose.
McMahon made tho following
"All I want to say Is that the
same programme as mapped in the
South by myself will bo mapped
out here. . There I named the date,
and neither press nor public officials knew when the day came until
the blow was struck. The same
policy will be carried out/here.
"We are determined to tight this
cut in wages in our own way, and
we propose tq.be the Judges of the
corporation or corporations: that we
Intend to hit when In our: opinion
the time Is ripe. • -
"We have the full endorsement
of the American llederation of Labor in nation and state for any action we may take to resist the attack of the employers' union."
That Were $33.50 and $37.50 [
Now $19
About 205 of them, broken lines and odd sizes we freely
admit, but every size is  represented.    Mixed Tweeds, j
Forbes' Worsteds  and Fox's Irish Blue  Serges  are
amongst the lot.   Out they go for
Tallon.l to Fit Tree of Chargo
137 Hastings Street W
Milder Attitude of Great
Britain Determined by
Business Reasons
(By the Federated Press)
Frankfort. Oermany—The mild'
er attitude of England toward Germany's Inability to make full reparation payments js declared by the
Frankfurter Zeitung to be dictated by business considerations only.
This liberal Journal quotes Lord
Birkenhead, British lord chancellor, to confirm Its statement,
"We are to be put on a business
basis again for the sake of Anglo-
Saxon foreign trade, which sorely
needs cutomers, and fears that the
continuance of our financial distress will force our prices down still
lower ao that no nation will be able
to compete with us In the world's
markets," lt remarks.
"The object of the new English
policy Is to enable us to buy American and British gooda again and
to raise our atandard of living sufficiently to weaken our international competition.
"Our new position will be more
tolerable than our present state,
yet lt will be hard enough. The
principal gain will be that our reparation payments are to be scaled
down to our ability to meet them,
not to be kept at a figure that constantly Invites Invasion because lt Is
Impossible for us to meet it.
"This gain is not yet won, because French policy differs from
that of England. In order to save
their face, the French must keep
up the bogey of the German menace and maintain the post-armistice policy of the mailed fist."
Sunday, Feb. 12th
Commencing at 3 p.m.        Doors Open at 2:30 !
Seattle—To collect a IS poll tax
from Waahingtonlane, civil authorities have Bpent more than $1,000,-
000. The total realised by the tax
has been *2,5_6„842.
Hawaiian Workers Compelled to Unite Against
(By George W. Wright)
(Federated Press Btaff Correspondent)
Honolulu, T. H,—Tho havoc
worked among Hawaiian labor
unions, white as well as others, by
the "open shop" campaigns of the
planters, who played one race
against the others, has forced the
formation of the United Workers of
Hawaii, an organization that refuses to recognize the color lines.
The regular usions are few, and
their membership is decreasing as
a result of the punishment inflicted
by the planters because of their
opposition (o the importing of Chinese coolies into the territory.
Wages have been cut without material reduction In the cost of living. The evictions of the unions
from their halls, which occurred
last October, ted to the leasing of
the upper floor of a factory as a
union hall.        ,
The United Workers seeks to
amalgamate all existing unions in a
league to function outside the
P. of L. with jurisdiction only'
tho Hawaiian Islands. In additi!
to craft autonomy it provides f
tho organization of local branch
and. Industrial units of mix
trades. It takea in all races on
basis of equality.
The movement has met wl
strong opposition from the dm
papers, which are the organs i
the Chamber of Commerce and tl
sugar planters, but rapid grow
seems certain. The Japanese L
bor union and the Pllfpino Lab
union, representing a combinj
membership of approximately 3>
000, are willing to affiliate, whi
the more conservative of the whi
unions are waiting advice fro
their internationals.
The affairs of the league will
administered by a board consist!''
of an equal number of represent
tives from each raclal-econoir
group, regardless of the number'
members, thus maintaining a b;
once of power between the rae
The new organization has decid
on nominal dues, tl to join, a
25 cents a month.
Help the Fed. by helping
Watch Repairii
The Famine Sufferers
of Soviet Russia
Millions need the Tery elementary necessities of
life. Millions are starving. They are starving
in the Volga regions of Soviet Russia because
they fought the fight of the revolutionary workers. Food, Clothing, Medicine and Soap are
Send what you can to MRS. C. SUTHERLAND, 804 Pender St. W.,
Secretary of the Local Branch of the Friends of Soviet Russia.


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