BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Apr 10, 1925

Item Metadata

Download

Media
bcfed-1.0345332.pdf
Metadata
JSON: bcfed-1.0345332.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345332-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345332-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345332-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345332-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345332-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345332-source.json
Full Text
bcfed-1.0345332-fulltext.txt
Citation
bcfed-1.0345332.ris

Full Text

 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLISHED IN INTERESTS OF ALL WORKERS
POLITICAL UNITY: VICTORY
SEVENTEENTH YEAR.  No. 15       FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING. APRIL 10,1925
5c A COPY
Facing  Difficult  Year—Farms
Heavily Mortgaged—A
Topical Story,
COOPERATION IN WHEAT
Nothing Bnt Control of All Hut
Farm Products Will Avail
Farmer.
[By Scott Nearing]
.pANADIAN farmers are facing a
^ difficult year. To he sure, the
price of wheat ls well above the levol
of the post three years, but that in
itself is a part of the trouble.
Western Canadian farmers are
heavily mortgaged. While the price
of wheat was down, the loan companies und other mortgage holders
got what thoy could and allowed the
farmera to keep their farms. With
higher priced wheat, however, and
thc now dominion policy of encouraging immigration, settlers are coming
in with fresh money, tho loan compunies aro soiling out the farmers and
turning the land over to the new arrivals.
Hero is a typical Btory. A man,
twenty years ago, began raising wheat
on a farm near Saskatoon. In the
course of time ho succeeded in getting a $6,000 house built, with barns
and other buildings. Last week a
loan oompany. which hold a $3,100
mortgage on the placo, foreclosed wiping out the savings of two decades.
The whole property was then sold for
$1,000 cash. The loan company received the $3,100 and made an additional $900 on its bargain. The now
owner secured buildings alono worth
about doublo the purchase price,
.Such episodes are said to be common all through the western wheat
belt. The situation has thoroughly
aroused tho farmers who are displaying a spirit of solidarity far removed
from their traditional individualism.
Two of these organizations are of outstanding Importance. One Is the
Wheat Pool. The other is the Farmers Union of Canada.
A wheat pool has been organized
by the farmers in each of the three
western provinces. These three pools
aro working together and handling
their marketing through a common
selling agency.
The prlnolple of the pool i3 simple.
Each farmor who joins signs a contract to seel aU of his wheat through
the pool for the next fivo years. He
takes part in the eloction of officers;
the officers to sell only whon pricos
warrant.
The" first and most obvious advantage of the pool Is that the wheat
Is dumped on the market at harvest
timo. This winter the pool handled
about one half of the Canadian wheat.
The fartnors received one dollar (for
No. 1 Northern) when the grain was
delivered; a second payment goes to
them in March and a third in June.
Ench farmer in the pool shares un an
equal footing in the total salos. The
cost of operating tho pool is about
0.4 eents por bushel.
Argument is rife among the farmera as to whether this Is the end or
tho beginning. Tho radicals among
i hem insist that It is only ono step
and that the control of production
must be the next move.
This is the slogan of the Farmers'
Union of Canada, a new co-operative
and fraternal organization with about
000 lodges, 12.000 membors and an
amazing capacity for growth. The
union constitution reads: "The Farmers' Union seeks to organise the
\ farmers into a farmers' organization
so that they may be enabled to 11k
their own price above the cost or production."
Class lines are recognized and accepted us the logical basis upon which
the farmer's organization is to be os-
LabllshQd, "Modern industrinl society," says the preamble to the Union
Constitution, "Is divided into two classes—those who possess and do not
produce and those who produce."
Alongside this main division, all other classifications fade into Insignificance. Betweon those two classes a
continuous struggle takes place. . .
in the struggle over the purchase
and Hale of farm products, the buy-
r, ers are always masters—the producers
always workers. From this fact
arises   the  inevitable  class  struggle."
The organization of the Farmer's
Union is declared to be merely an
adaptation of the "great agricultural
|*j*elass" to the development of modern
society. The working classes of Canada havo raised their standards of
living through union; "organizod capital, by the same means, has increased
the earnings of banks, railroads, manufacturers and all other commercialized interests." Only the unorganized
tillers of tho soil have had their hours
lengthened and their standards of
living reduced.
The costltution declares against
palltical action, but makes provision
for the influencing of legislation; provides that "no person being an elected federal or provincial governmont
official shall hold any office in this
organization and limits office holding
to a maximum of two years in succession."
Founders and backers of the Farmers' Union insist thnt nothing short
J of production  control  will avail the
farmer of the dominion.    They hope
to control the wheat pools by elect-
■
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY
PRESENTS
Miss ANNA L.
STRONG
FOB TWO LECTURES ON
RUSSIA AT
Royal Theatre
ON
Sunday, April 12th
AT 3 AND 8 P.M.      *
For further information see
Page 3.
J. S. Woodsworth Hopes to Set
25 Labor Members Returned
at Next Election.
[From the Western Producer]
In an address in Montreal "recently,
Mr. J. S. Woodsworth, one of the
two Labor members in the Canadian
house of commons, is reported to have
declared that, aftor the next election,
ho hoped to soe Labor represented
by twenty-five members, who, if the
other parties were more or less oti
equal strength, would wield considerable power. Mr. Woodsworth Inferred iu his remarks tbat the proposed
Increase In the number of members
of the common^ would assist in the
realization of his hopes. It would
be desirable if Labor had more representation in tho Canadian parliament. There aro tens of thousands
of labor men in Canada who have
no party affiliations, and who cannot
be said to be truly represented at the
present time. However, this Is not
a new condition; It has always existed
in Canadn, and yet Labor has never
been more successful in the Canadian
political arena than in 1921, whon it
managed to elect two mombers. In
some centres, if all the labor men
stuck together, there ls no doubt that
they could succeed In electing their
nominees; but they do not seem to
do it, and, unless Mr. Woodsworth
can produce some evidence that the
labor men have sustained a change of
heart and are ablo to reach much
more unanimous agreement in relation ti} politics than they seem to have
and thnt their past efforts indicate,
his hopes neod not cause any serious
alarm to those who would rather be
represented in tho house of commons
by a White-collared nincompoop than
by an intelligent gentleman reeking
of the factory or tho mine.
Mouths and Hands
Whereas God Almighty has given to
every man one mouth to be fed and
ono pnir of hands, adapted to furnish
food for that mouth, if anything can
he proved to be the will of heaven it
is provod by this fact lhat that mouth
ls to be fed by those hands, without
being interfered wilh Uy any other
man who has also his mouth to feed
and his hands to labor with. I hold
if the Almighty had over made a set
of men that should do all the eating
and nono of tho work, He would have
made them with mouths only and no
hands; and If He had made another
class that He intended should do all
the work and none of the eating, He
would havo made them without
mouths and with all hands.—Abram
Lincoln.
Mr. Austen Chamberlain is not the
czar of Russia, and ho will have to
answer tho questions that the lubor
party put to him.—Neil MacLean,
M. P.
JUNIOR LABOR LEAGUE
Hard Times Dance With Plenty
of Pep Oood Friday
Evening.
If you are looking for a good place
to go Friday evening, don't forgot the
,1. L. L. "hard times" dance, at the
Elks hall, corner Forty-ninth and
Fraser. The concert givon Uy members of the League star's at 8 p, m.
Tho program is a good one, with a
kick in it, guaranteed to give you a
laugh. Refreshments will be Served
free. Admission by collection at the
door. Anything accepted from a dime
to ten dollars. Ladles bringing cakes
admitted free.
The J. L. L. is making itself known
In South Vancouver. The membership is steadily Increasing and each
one Is on the Job with lots of pep.
If you want to join a real live young
peoples labor organization put on
your overalls and come along Friday
night and get acquainted.
Steamfltters Gel Increase
Pittsburgh, Pa. — Commissioner
Thomas reports an adjustment of the
controversy nffocting thc steamfltters
In Pittsburgh, Pa. Demands by tlm
men Included nn Increase from $11
io $12 per. day. .Settlement provides
for an increase to $U.{io per day until November 1, 1926, thence $12 per
day.   About 400 men were involved.
Ing their mombers to offico In them,
but they regard co-operative selling
as only one stop forward towards
co-operative farming
Grave Injustice Being Done Legitimate Manufacturing
Concerns.
INVESTIGATION IS NEEDED
W$   Not Pension Blind Work-
4 >?—Hardship on Sighted
\V Ones.
\V
'THE!! Mcle which appeared in last
-1 \v\ s issue of The Foderation
ist, ha.S iparently caused no small
amount v\v>■!■* attention to be focused
upon thL#.,ianner which the blind
broom Voktfri's are being treated, and
and uponYrt^. effect of this form of
exploitation on the other broom manufacturers in this city. According to
the Information that*has eome to us,
we are of the opinion that a grave
injustice is being done the legitimate broom manufacturing concerns,
one or two of which, it is alleged,
have been forced to retire from business, while another has had to reduce its staff very materially.
Obviously, this fs working a hardship upon the average, normal broom
'worker, The Canadian National Institute for the Blind has, it is alleged,
been granted some $17,500 by the
provincial government, to help carry
on their broom factory here. Some
fourteen or so blind workers are employed. Were they to be granted a
pension of $.10 a month a! man il
would only mean an annual expenditure of a little over $8,000, on the
part of the government. Many of
those workers, though having to work
like prisoners in a sweat factory, only
receive about $40 or so a month.
Obviously, it would seem, there is a
definite financial waste here.
AVhen we consider the above statements, and then add to them the fact
that many sighted-broom workers, in
other factories in this city havo been
forcod to lose thoir positions owing
to thoir inability to compete with
these subsidized Si hid workers, we
cannot help but feel that a grave,
very grave injustice is being done to
many, other than the blind workers
themselves,
We earnestly hope that a thorough
investigation will result, It is cev-
tainly the duty of those, who are acting for tho government, upon the
advisory board, that they see to It
that this matter is cleaned up . Much
moro can be said, and much more will
be said unless this matter is definitely and honestly settled.
Street-Car Franchise
The civic railways and bridges committee will hold a special 'session to
considor the advisability of revising
the B. C. Electric Railway company's
franchise this year. Under the agreement of 1922 the 6-cent fare granted
that year is subject to revision every
three years. In the event of arbitration being necessary negotiations must
be completed 30 days before the date
of the expiry of the present agreement, which is Novembor 8.
.Some of the aldermen this year
take the .stand that the post-war conditions which prevailed three years
ago are gradually passing, and that
the time for considering tho falling
back to the fi-cent rate ^s approaching.
But (or Fat in Milk
According to Health Officer Dr.
Underbill, butter fat in milk last yoar
showed an increaso over previous
years, being 3.76. We are informed
that this is not the average butter
fat, but 3.4. There Is milk delivered
in the city away below this avorage;
the small dairy butter fat being the
highest.
The Law of Lubor
In the early days of our race the
Almighty said lo the first of mankind: "In the sweat of thy face shalt
thou eat bread,"*nd since thon, if we
except the light and air of heaven, no
good thing hus been or ean be enjoyed
by Un without first huving cost labor.
And isasnuich as most things have
been produced by labor, it follows
that all such things belong of right
to those whose labor has produced
them. But It has so happened in all
ages of the world that some have
labored and others have without labor enjoyed a large portion of the
fruits. This is wrong, and should not
continue. To secure to each laborer
the wholo product of this labor as
nearly as possible is a worthy object
of any Oovernment. It seemn strange
that any man should dure to ask a
just God's assistance in wringing
bread from the sweat of other men's
faces.—Abram Lincoln, in an address
(o a delegation of New York working
men, 18C5.
Painters Get Increase
Pittsburgh, Pa. — Commissioner
Thomas reports adjustment of dispute
affecting painters in Pittsburgh and
! jlulty. The men demanded an increase of $1 por day, making the rato
$12 per day. A compromise agreement provides rato of $11.50 per day.
Britain owns nearly one-third of the
world's tonnage In motor ships and
more than a quartet* of the steamers
that have bcen fitted for burning fuel
oil.
(By J, L. T.)
VACCINATION is a subject that is
* today agitating the minds of many
of our local citizens. Whether to be
—or not to be—that is tbe question.
Much learning, some would have us
believe, is being displayed. More
ignorance and unintelligent prejudice
Is being displayed, we fear, than anything else. Even some of our ardent
labor leaders have so far forgotten the
sacrednesjj uf their calling, as to forsake it for the cause of anti-vaccination. AVhat special training or
knowledge these individuals may
have gotten, is not known to us.
Like Comrade Browne, they may Ue
wonderful accountants, and what
not; but still we are prone to think
that they would be displaying a
much greater intelligence wore
they to choose to discuss something pertaining to the cause which
they are supposed to represent. Unemployment, , in our humble judgment, is a much more pressing question than vaccination ever was. It
has not been so satisfactorily settled
as yet, to warrant their giving their
attention to something regarding
which they know nothing—though
thoy may think that they do. There
Is an old saying, "where ignorance
is bliss it is lolly to be wise." Apparently many are living up to this.
If they would but make an honest
attempt to acquaint themselves with
the facts here In this city they would
not talk such rubbish. They need
not go to Europe, the Phillipine
islands, Australia or elsewhere. There
is sufficient evidence to be derived
right hero in Vancouver—and one
need not limit oneself to the remarks of some garrulous editor of a
little penny-ante paper.
The medical profession may not be
all that they should be. They are
not alono in that regard. Not even
the most ardent advocate of the labor
movement would dare suggest that
Its adherents are all that they should
be. People who live in glass houses
should never throw stones. The
medical profession in Vancouver is
composed of reasonably honest men
and women. They are not bloodthirsty monsters—as some quacks,
who live on the gullibility of the
public would make them out to be.
If they do not Uelieve in vaccination, while at the same time they
are vaccinating their own wives and
children—as they are—aiid themselves witb what some ignorant individuals call "cow-syphilis," then they
must be hopeless, and the sooner
they are all put out of existence the
better for humankind.
As to the question of compulsion,
in matters relating to vaccination,
many may be opposed. They have
that right. S- long as they aro willing to abide by such rules for Isolation as may be made, when they
have been in anyway exposed to the
infection, then there can be little to
complain of. AVhllc they are clamoring for their own rights, they must
remember that others have rights as
well. Science, as yet, offers the safest way and the vast majority of
intelligent people follow its advice.
Labor leaders and adherents would
do well to leave this matter alone.
It is not a matter pertaining to labor
per se. Why keop everlastingly drawing red-herrings across our pathway!
Be vaccinated or not, according to
your whims or prejudices, but when
it comes to discussing its merits or
demerits, the less they say the better. There is enough Ignorance being
displayed at present without their
adding any more to tho already overabundant supply.
Of the i35,500,000 paid in British
unemployment insurance benefit during the year 1923-24 nearly one-half
I.e., ^10,600,000 was contributed by
the weekly deductions from the wagos
nf   workpeople.
Refuse to Vote
At New York the non-partiznn department -ft' the National Chic Federation    announced    that     30,1)00,000
qualified Amorican voters did not vote
In the 1924 general election.
"MIND YOUR  '
OWN BUSINESS"
A SUGGESTION TO TIRED
FARMERS
THOSE individuals, or groups,
wishing to get pamphlets
which have just recently been
printed are urged to send in
their orders at once. There are
only a limited number printed.
They are the following:
WOMAN  AND   WAR
By Mrs.  Hose Henderson
10 cents.
MIND'YOUR OWN BUSINESS
Hy George F. Stilling
*    5 cents.
These pamphlets are well written. They contain a wealth of
information, and are, to soy
the very least, thought-provoking,
Send in V«nir Orders at Onco
You Cannot Afford To tto
WJtliu-.il Them
■ .. t ■■•■■•■■ »"t« »..(-«.. t -«..f. .*. -1 •■ I ~4: ft -•
Grief-Stricken   Humanity   Cries
for Justice in Relation to
Industry
PREMIER  KING'S WARNING
Labor Has No  Ohance to  Be
Heard in Political Turmoil
at Ottawa
[By Lloyd Roberts]
Parliamentary Press Gallery, House
of Commons, Ottawa.—"We hear
a great deal of "those who labor and are heavy laden," but their
lot is an enviable one as compared
with those who do not labor and are
heavy laden. Their number is legion
and ever increasing. The time-worn
policy of passing by on the other
side draws to a close. The very
foundation of our social structure
rocks beneath us. Thanks to centuries of progress we can no longer,
like the borons of medieval Europe,
eat, drink and be merry while the
people perish. The prime minister
has said as much:
"Let us be assured of this: the
unrest in the world of industry today
is no ephemeral and transitory affair; no mere aftermathH of the
hideous convulsion which has shaken
existing society to its very foundations, ll is the 'voice of a grief-
stricken humanity crying for justce
iu the relations of industry. . . The
truth is mightier than tho sword, and
In conference and co-operation between all the parties in interest, not
in coercion of the others by any one,
lies the only hope of an ultimate
solution."
Aro we fearlessly seeking an ultimate solution ? Is that what the
Liberal party, as a party, is doing?
Or the Conservative, or t^ie Progressive for that matter? One has no
need to guess or even to criticise—
he has only to listen to such debates
as that which followed Mr. Woods-
worth's motion of March 23:
"That, in the opinion of this house,
if at any time during the first two
years after his arrival in Canada any
immigrant is unable to obtain employment, the federal government
should accept full responsibility for
his maintenance."
The motion was chiefly important
as a lead to the very heart of our
immigration and labor problems, and
before the subject was ingloriously
snuffed out by one of those pretty
tricks of "democracy," honorable
members in all parts of tho house
had registered their thumb-marks
upon the pages of Hansard.
After laying down such postulates
as: thero is an over^-supply of labor;
the department of immigration is
continuing to pour settlors into Canada; thc government is doing little
lo assist tho industral unemployed;
he appealed to the government "to
assume this little bit of tho unemployment  responsibility."
Mr. Hocken of West Toronto was
shocked thai the mover should '"anticipate unemployment as a permanent
condition in Canada," and was "very
sorry to havo such an idea as that
about our country." Ho is evidently
an optimist, believing tlmt one has
only to raise the tariff wall to make
every one healthy, wealthy and wiso.
Air. Forkc admitted that conditions
wei'e bad, but the remedy was simple: Make tho farm an attractive
place to live, and raise agricultural
wages to the industrial level. Mr.
Pritchard of North Wellington heartily agreed with hhq. Dr. Manion,
"after serious thought," was convinced that the "chief cause of tho
depressed industrial conditions is thc
unstable tariff policy of the government." Mr, ltobb, however, hastened
to correct such a falso impression.
Ue knew that tlie whole question was
a political hoax, and that "thoro Is
not the unemployment or distress
that lias been represented throughout tho country." Indeed, a banker
had told him so. Naturally the government would have nothing lo do
with the resolution. This did not
provent the minister of labor from
enlarging upon tho reason for sueh
a stund:
"It is a fact that many of those
who today are the noisiest about the
condition of Unemployment are mon
who aro temperamentally so handicapped lhat they cannot accept a
job and perform It as the average
employer would expect them to."
He ulso read a letter from tho
deputy minister of Immigration to tho
mayor of Calgary, In which the former stated that "you may rest assured that this department will and
oan secure at any time situations on
ilie farm for out of work immigrants
ivho are ready to engage iu the
same." Ho thon took up the caso
of tiie unemployed coal minors of
Alberta and  Hritish Columbia:
"It cannot be denied that a lot of
unem ployment In the west auiuiigst
lho miners is the result of their own
errors of Judgment."
The momber for Timlskaniing was
curious: "Does the minister believe
that a large percentage of the peoplo
Who aro.Idle in Canada today aro idlo
becauso they are lazy and are not
willing to work? "Too large a percentage," replied thc minister, "And
what of the sixty or seventy thousand men who uro required for tho
western harvests?" persisted Mr. Mc
Overhead Bridge
Plans Completed
pLANS for Uso overhead bridge
across the C. P. B. tracks
at the foot of Canal street, to
cost about 110,000, have been
completed and tbe city engineer
authorized to call for tenders by
tho civic railways and bridges
committee Monday. .Copies of
the plans have been forwarded
lo the board of railway commissioners for formal approval. ..
ISH
Masses Need Co-operation Instead
of Present Struggling
Confusion.
POLICY OF LABOR PARTY
Carcasses Condemned in Establishments Operating Under
Meat Act,
[Federal  Branch  of Health   of  Animals,    Department    of    Agriculture]
The condemnation of carcasses and
portions of hogs for tuberculosis In
establishments operating under the
Meat and Canned Foods act, comprises 80 per cent, of the total condemnations.
This to the average individual may
not be significant, yet a study of the
figures reveals a condition approaching alarm, which condition may be
viewed from two different angles:
first—the actual finlnclal loss, and
second—the waste and destruction of
what would have been good food.
First. As a result of a very careful
study of the particular portions condemned and their valuo based on the
cost to the packer, it Is estimated
that the loss ln the packing houses'
averages, approximately, ten conts
per hog.
During the past fiscal year, there
were 2,4(10,901 bogs slaughtered.
The loss based on the above calculation represents in money two
hundred and forty-six thousand dollars, which loss is almost entirely
unwarranted, if pasteurization of
dairy by-products were insisted upon,
together with sanitary handling and
surroundings.
Second. As to the destruction of
what would otherwise bo a safe human food, during the year just pnssed,
there were condemned, 4884 carcasses,
1,208,113 portions. Taking an average dressed weight of 150 pounds
for the carcasses and a minimum of
2 pounds each for the portions, the
waste  amounts  to   2,148,826   pounds.
This tremendous loss must be
borne by the producer and the consumer. The packer whose sole business it Is to take from the producer
his raw materials and prepare them
in the most economical manner for
sale to the consumer, whether in the
form of bacon, ham, lard, and inedible materials such as fertilizer,
greases, hair, etc., could not assume
the loss, in consequence of which he
deducts from the purchase price paid
to the producer one-half to one per
cent, to moot the loss due to condemnation for disease. If this deduction
doos not meet such loss It must necessarily be passed on to the consumer in an increased price for the
finished products,
This condition of purchase by the
packer is, at prosont, general, and is
not adjusted as yot to localities, lt
may bo quite possible and in fact is
probable that the purchase price will
vary as the work of eradicating tuberculosis under the restricted area
Plan progresses, when it is hoped [
that a premium will bc paid for diseaso free hogs, as is now the case
with such animals as are of such a
type as will produce select bacon.
Will Ask City to Change Relief
Methods—House-to-House
Health Inspection.
Delegates front the unemployed
attended Tuesday night's meeting Oi
the Trades and Lalior council.    After
lengthy discussion of the unemploy
mont situation, a motion  was  pussod
to the effoct that the city co il lie
asked to separate relief work from
the lahor department of tho city. If
the city council does not accede to
this request, the question of organizing a muss meeting of protest in regard to unemployment relief and immigration  will  be considered.
The city council will be asked tu
carry out a house-to-house health Inspection, with proper testing met bods
and apparatus,
The domination of a class is a
crime against humanity. Socialism
which will abolish all class suprem
icy and all classes, Is, than, a restoration of humanity,—.lames.
Donald. "When their seasonal work
is over and they are thrown on tho
market—aro they too, lazy?"
Many other embarrasliig questions
were put to tho minister, who wos
finally rescued about midnight by
Mr. Carroll moving the adjournment
of the debate. But enough had been
Bald. It was obvious that tho "voice
of a grlef-slrlcken humnnity crying
for justice in tho relations of industry" had no chanco to bo heard In
the politicul tiirnmil.
Workers Want Justice and Rewards in Proportion to
Services Given.
[By J, C. Harris]
TV/13 have talked of the necessity
■" of a stocktaking of society; of
setting the Labor party seriously to
work, to demand a careful examination of the people, to determine who
are doing their share of useful work
and who are dodging their responsibilities in this all important matter.
We have a very distinct purpose in
demanding this Investigation: it la to
find out the facts, so that we may
use the knowledge thus acquired ln
two ways.
First. We want justice. As close
to Justice as we human beings can
get. We want rewards in proportion
to services given.
Second. We want system in our
work, intelligent co-operation, Instead
of confused struggling as at present
Wo have examined the political
probabilities of the Labor party adopting such a policy, and from the
outlook of Immediate political succest
it seems decidedly good.
Further, au a means to educate
public opinion in real politics, and
to prepare humanity for tbe immense
changes that modern conditions are
forcing upon us, it soema a rational
idea to follow, as it would tend to
focus,thought upon the most serious
problems of human society.
We examined the changes in trade
union policy that the adoption of
such a new program would seem to
Indicate, and foresaw that the unions
must abandon their attitude of hostility and suspicion towards employers und tho executive staffs, and
deliberately seek their confidence and
goodwill. That the object of the
trade unions should be to develop
into guilds, well organized and efficient to handle the great responsibilities that we may confidently expect the nation to placo upon tbem.
Wo have disclaimed all appeals to
bloodshed and violence us being both
unnecessary and also as being really
obstructive to progress. As sensible
people, we object strongly to warfare
between nations and we object to
such barbarity us strikes und lockouts equally. Howevor, we have
spoken of making people work, and
of the individual will being subjected
to the public requirements so that
a man would have to do what work
society demanded of him. This implies force. We must soe what force
can be used by society against its
members. Justice demands that each
Individual performs services of equal
value to the goods and services that
he or she has consumod. We have
suggested that accounts be kept between society and each individual to
seo how each person stands in relation 'to the public.
We havo also shown the immense
indebtedness of each young Canadian
to society for schooling, for the public roads and railroads, and tho general civil service. It Is obvious that
society has ll big bill *<* presenl to
oiieh, for these vory great advantages.
Now, Jt Is onc thing to present a
bill and quite another thing to col-
lee! a debt, as, no doubt, most of
my readers have learnt by bitter experience, la some way, short of
Physical violence, society will havo
to enforce its just demands.
St. Paul wrote: "He that will not
work neither should lie eat." And
society would certainly be justified
in taking that stronuous apostle most
literally, and In' cutting off supplies
to tho offenders, ll is doubtful If
tt would bo wise to use such extreme
measures, for refusal to co-operote
in the manner and place as decided
on hy the propor authorities would
probably occur often, and sometimes
with excellent or ut least plausible
reasons.
it would probably be wiser to
withdraw trom an offender those
public services which play so important a part iu the comforts and
conveniences of modern life. Thus a
citizen who refused lo obey should be
forbidden to use the publio roads or
railroads excopt for walking on. Such
an individual, by refusing to do his
part of the necessary wink, lms certainly forfeited ull claim to participate in the advantages that society
offers, and there are few who would
not find such a .punishment very
effective and sufficiently hum Hating,
Such a sentence on a lazy man would
partake of those ideal qualities lhat
Sir John Gilbert Imagined, "making
lho punishment fit tho crime," and
also "a source of innocent merriment." 1 believe that society could
protect Itself by such moans fnr bettor than nt present, for now we make
the absurd mistake o( trying tp catch
our criminals in some unlawful act,
and even when we have caught them
snme tricky lawyer may upset Justice
by some absurd technicality. Now
nil you have to do to find out who
Is really criminal, is to find out
someone who is not working habitually. Such a person is dishonest,
even if he, or she, pays hard cash
for everything they buy. Page Two
SEVENTEENTH YEAR.    No.
ii BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY „..April   10,  1A25
Published every Friday by
The   British  Columbia   Federatlonist
Business and Editorial Office,  1129 Howe St.
The policy of The B, C. Federationist is
controlled   by   the   editorial   board   of   the
Federated Labor Party of Hritish Columbia,
Subscription Rate: United Statea and Foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.60 per
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions
subscribing in a body, 16c per member
per  month.
Tho Federationist is on  sale at  the following news stands:
VANOOUVBB
B. J. GALLOWAY 940 Oranvllle Stioot
NELSON'S NEWS STAND	
 1071  Granville Street
F. O. NEWS STAND 325 OranvUle Street
JOHN GREEN 205 Carrall Street
INTERNATIONAL BOOK STOBE	
., Ooi. Hastings and Columbia Avenne
B.C.E.R. TBAM NEWS.
and their dependents, and not to feel
compelled to live forever in fear of
what the future might hold in store
for them in the form of suffering,
privation, and starvation. Such a
Btate is Inhuman. Such a system
must go.
THE POOD COMMISSION  IN
BRITAIN
WHAT a grh
prtss of B.
IKAW.    »*ittb	
    .Cor. OarraU and Haatinga Streeta
LOVE'S NEWS STAND	
 134 Hastings Street Bast
WALTER OALLOWAY 	
 ....185 Hastings Street Bast
FLACK BLOOK NEWS  STAND	
 163 Hastings Street Weat
NEWS   STAND     - «_-..
 Oor. Hastings and Abbott Streets
W. H. ARMSTRONG. 2402 Main Street
BEN TOON'S BOOK SHOP....421 OranvUle
BOULT'S BOOK STORE....313>/a Cambie St.
GEORGIA CONFEOTIONEBY	
 909 Georgia street West
STRAND CONFEOTIONEBY  „_.
 548 Georgia Street
160 Broadway East
...916 Main Street
PBO0HNAU ft GATES.
P.  TURNER	
R. A. WEBSTEB 699S Frasor Street
NORTH   VANCOUVEB
SHOEMAKER * McLEAN....5 Lonsdale Ave.
NEW WESTMINSTEB
A. MUNGEAM 76-4 Columbia Street
DEPOT NEWS STAND Interurban Depot
DAN MACKENZIE Columbia Street
VIOTOBIA
GBEENHAUGH NEWS AGENOY.	
 Oor. Yates and Government
HOBSE SHOE STAND, 1223 Government St.
W. LEVY  644 Yates Street
NANAIMO
T. A. BABNABD 63 Commercial Street
POET ALBERNI
W. H. DENHAM .News Stand
PRINCE GEOBGE
KABL ANDERSON Hews Stand
VERNON
EUGENE BELLEVUE Box 922
ALBERTA
VALLEY CONFEOTIONEBY .Drumheller
ALEXANDER NEWS STAND	
...204 Eighth Ave. W., Calgary
BOSTON HAT WORKS.
.109 Eighth Ave. W., Calgary
LABOB NEWS
; Centre  Street, Oalgary
NATIONAL NEWS
,304 FirBt Stroot W., Oalgary
STAB SMOKE SHOP.
UNION OIGAB STAND.
125a Eighth' Ave. E., Calgary
.310* Second" Ave." E."," 6*lgary
SASKATCHEWAN
LAYCOCK STORES LTD Swift Current
SEATTLE, WASH.
EOKHA^T NEWS  STOBB	
FRIDAY April  10,' 1926
BIUTISU INDUSTRY
IT has been suggested In recent press
reports that British Industry is
lagging behind seriously and that an
earnest effort is to be made to find
out what tho real difficulty is. We
aro told that Britain is finding it
difficult to compete with the other
nations, and that unless something
ls done, and done very shortly, a
catastrophe awaits them.
While many of the outstanding
economists of the Labor party—the
late E. D. Morel, for Instance—were
pointing out the disastrous effects
that would result ln consequence of
the adoption of the Dawes plan in
Europe, they were scoffed at. The
British financiers would have their
pound of flesh. This recalls to mind
that, during the last British general
election, while one of the old political parties was urging the spending
of capital to develop trade with the
colonies, the other old party was
urging the spending of capital to
develop industries at home, and, all
the while, with the minds of the.
masses of the people thus camouflaged, British capitalists were actually loaning money to Germany. We
ask, what for? Surely, lt was not
to make German industries flourish
at the expense of their own! Surely
they would not be so unpurliotlc*
The truth Is that capitalists are out
for profits. If by investing their
money In Germnn Industrial bonds it
will earn thom greater dividends,
they will so invest, regardless of any
effect upon their own country,
results    were    evident    before
grim absurdity to call the
little real news of important happenings do we really get therein. How
many know that a "food commission''
has been sitting in England which,
lor its relation to tho food supply of
ihe people, ls of huge importance, not
only to Britain but to the world. Those
that know, little realise tho disgraceful tactics of the capitalist to subvert
and nullify the good that might have
come from the commission.
Socialism has put up a splendid
light throughout, and many scenes
have been staged and virile caustic
speeches havo been delivered, especially by Westwood, Lansbury and
others, but the palm ls to Tom Johnston in the closing speech, admittedly
his finest and most effective yet delivered. He quoted from old reports,
leading Conservative newspapers,
from the Minister of Commerce in
France and the President of the United States of America, all to the exposure of this Commission and the
shewing up of the vast sabotage of
the present competitive system, the
enormous waste, as he put it, "of all
our Stock Exchanges, all your stockbrokers, all your bill discounters, all
your unnecessary employment of the
parasitic classes, who increased in the
City of London by 30 per cent. In the
ten years between the census of 1901
ind the census of 1911, while the general population only rose by threo per
bent." Then turning to their boasted
law of "supply and demand," he said:
If that is your philosophy, if those
are the principles upon which you
go, then speak out straight and frank
before the public, Tell the working
classes you intend to take the last
ounce out of them, that you intend
to support the profiteering system of
the capitalist class, the banking class,
landowning class. We on these
benches who stand for a national
system, who stand for the commonweal, who stand for an equal
right to every man and woman in the
land to a fair share of the necessaries
of life, we condemn the bogus Food
Commission that you have set up. We
intend to push you all we Know until
you have been driven to begin the
organization of the national resources
In food supplies." Oh! For fifty
more Tom Johnton's!
[Note—As many enquiries retch
thla ofllce from time to time, the editor will reserve space to deal with
such matters, under the above heading. Communications addressed to
"Notes and Queries Editor" will be
handled as quickly as space permits.
—Ed.] 	
started,  now  they
experienced.
Employers' and
hold a conference,
ers   must   decido
thoy
nro actually being
employees are to
Tho result: work-
to   accept   a   still
lower standard of living limn Ihey
already have, or starve entirely.
They must come down to the standard of the German worker. Their
musters used them to fight Germany,
and now these same masters of theirs
are utilising tho German workers to
flght them (the British workors).
Wages must como down—but pro
fits, never, so long as capitalism lasts.
This profit-making systom must go
It is heartless. It Is cruel. The
aching hearts of tired and despondent mothers, tho wailing cries of
starving and half-clad children moves
it not. To it, human life, human
comfort, human happiness moans
nothing. Profits and dividends, they
alone count.
So long as capitalism exists, misery, suffering and death will bo forever confronting the great masses of
human kind. Not until tho principle
of co-operation becomes the guiding
InfluencO in this society of ours will
the men, women and children of our
land como into their own, their Juat
heritage, their right to earn—Ihey
do not ask that anything be givon
them—a   livelihood   for
JOHN BALL: It Is from Robert
Browning's "Rabbi Ben Ezra." The
full stanza Is:
Then, welcome each rebuff,
That turns earth's smoothness rough,
Each sting that  bids,  nor  sits,  nor
stand, but go!
Be our joys three parts pain,
Strive and hold cheap the strain;
Learn,  nor account  the  pang:  dure,
novor grudge the throe,
JUSTIC1A: Your line of argument is
puerile. Vou must bo either a Socialist uncompromisingly, or you play
Into the hands of thc owning classes
more even than an avowed capitalist. Specious arguments, udvances to
meet halfway, will get us nowhero.
It has to bo a fight for the whole
thing summed up in the rule of the
poople by the people for the people.
The attempt of your friend of the
new party which you mention to influenco your views is more dangerous
and insidious than direct attacks by
either of the two traditional political
partes.
MRS. COOKE: (a) Wc Will have
figures for your friend on the ship-
Tho j Ping combine next issue, we hope.
Ask your Prince Charlotte Island correspondent to write us direct. Wo
should be glad to hear from him.
(b) Do not listen to such absurdities,
but let us emphasize tliis as a truism:
You never need doubt a single assertion or statement, positively given, In
any socialistic publication, Editors
and publishers of our press vnluo tho
importance of elcan, truo matter lu
their columns to monkey with nows
as is loo frequently Indulged in In
the world's press generally.
Association Formed in Saskatche
wan
and Capitalized at
$50,000.
"To form
i ii voluntary egg and poul-
try poo! fc
ip ono year with the object
of form Ins
:i contract pool in 1920."
Tills  |„ ii
resolution   passed  by  the
women's section at the last convention of tlie Saskatchewan Grain-
growers association, Since then, however tho Saskatchewan Co-operative
Poultry Producers, limited, has been
formed, capitalized at tr.o.ooo, with
shares at $1 eoch. No member lo
have more than one shnre. The "contract" is being prepared, und will noon
be ready for signatures,
H. C. poultry-raisers would bonefit
by an organization on linos of Homo-
themsolves thing of this klnrf.
What Can I Do For Peace ?
AN APPEAL TO TEACHERS
[By the Canadian Section of the Women's International League for
Peaco and Freedom.]
"TT IS astonishing to observe in all the literature on world recovery
the pathetic confidence in education as the sole remedy for all
our ills; and to contrast with this diagnosis the feeble efforts made
to apply the one approved remedy. In spite of what we say, the
world does not believe that education as a form of soeial control
is comparable with armies, navies, diplomacy and statecraft. It is
idle for professional educators to lament this traditional view. We
should spend our time and efforts in shaping a constructive educational programme that will demonstrate what education can do.
This conference marks the beginning of an effort to do this."
These are the words of President Owen of the Chicago Normal College, in his address before the World Conference on Education, last
June.
In the agenda of tho same conference occurs this significant
passage: "Thc greatest task which lies ahead of the schools in all
lands is that of preparing the way for a new order or international
justice, friendship and goodwill. Upon thc instruction of thc youth
of the nations lies the responsibility of enlarging the national conceptions and promoting goodwill among the nations of the earth.
Entirely new values and new standards of judging need to be
created. The emphasis must be placed upon the valor and patriotism of peace."
The faet that 400 accredited delegates from many countries,
and representing 42 races, gathered to discuss this agenda, and returned to carry its principles into practice in their own countries,
shows that education has already made a definite step in the promotion of peace.
But the faet that of the 400 accredited delegates only half-a-
dozen went from Canada, the nearest country to that in which the
conference was held, shows that wc in Canada have not begun to
grasp the significance of the part our schools can play in bringing
peace to the world.
This article.is designed to suggest some of thc Ways and means
of teaching the principles of peace to children in the schools. One
of the practical suggestions of the world conference on education
is the observance in thc schools of all lands of May 18 as "Goodwill Day."
Every teacher today realizes that the world has become an
economic unit, that each nation needs the other's tvade for very
existence. Sir George Paish said recently: "Today there is no
reason whatever why the natural wealth of the whole world should
not be made available for the consumption of the peoples of every
country,, to their very great advantage." After commenting on the
fact that it was largely the traditional prejudices and jealousies of
nations which kept this constructive plan from being put into operation, he continued: "The late war has proved beyond shadow of
doubt that the political antagonisms of the nations in these days
of economic interdependence are disastrous to victors and van
quished alike."
The teacher who sees the significance of this statement will
find many opportunities to point out the economic and political
fallacies of the past, and will encourage young minds to make of
education an activity directed toward the better world that human
effort can create. Sueh education will recognize the value of what
each nation has to offer to the life of the world, not in the economic realm only, but in the realm of literature, art and culture
generally. It will seek world betterment, not by a dissolving of
national life, but by teaching an international co-operation that
will preserve and cherish the personality of each nation, while it
contends against ignorance, prejudice, hate and mutual suspicion.
Such an international co-operation, however, is only compatible
with a nationalism purified of arrogance, jingoism and a sense of
imagined superiority over other peoples. The journal of the National Education Association (United States) recently asked this
question of teachers: "Have you been preparing your pupils for
peace or for war? If you have emphasized and perhaps exaggerated our national excellencies to the exclusion of those of other
nations, you have been training for war."
J. II. Hudson, secretary of thc National Peace Council of Great
Britain, writing on the teaching of peace in schools, says: "The
facts of Physical Geography make the beginning of the lesson
that there is a great world harmony. Erosion and reconstruction
go on together. Thc facts of commercial geography, too, aro
closely co-related. The nations are interdependent on trade." Begarding the teaching of history, he says: "Thc history of wars as
taught in the past has nearly always stopped with the end of military operations. The real history of war is to be read in the poverty of the mass of the people which has invariably resulted from
war. Even worse than the poverty has been the political and moral
enslavement of the people. The story of Waterloo can not be told
without that of Peterloo. The teaching of national history must
give place to world history. Mr. H. G. Wells' presentation of the
facts may leave room for improvement, but his method must becomo thc method of all history teaching in the future. History
must be the story of mankind's great struggle towards world solidarity."
Principal Graham of Dalton Hall, Manchester University, in
an address to teachers, said recently: "It is in the teaching of
history that the greatest opportunity exists. Let thc slaughter and
misery and devastation of war take their proper place. Give a
graphic picture of Germany after thc Thirty; Years' War, of England for a century and a half after the Norman Conquest, of the
Ireland of Elizabeth. The teacher of Ancient History does already,
I believe, generally point to the Peloponncsian War as the cause
of thc ultimate failure of the bright morning day of Greece. Hor
aggressive local patriotism left her worn out before the invasion
of Philip of Macedon."
After speaking of the formerly accepted theory that war was
inevitable, because the evolution of man had progressed by the
principle of thc "struggle for life," and thc "survival of thc fittest," he continues: "At this point may I say that it is time that
all our teaching on Evolution was rid of the theory that progress
has ln*oii duo chiefly lo natural selection, which works only by blind death.
It is worth every teacher's while to road 'Life and Habit,'hy Sain. Butler,
and the many otber works whloh show that evolution has come through
the exorcise of elementary mental or spiritual faculties from the beginning."
These words, "spiritual faculties," give tlie key. to the goneral principles
Which must underlie tlie education of tbe future lf lt is to culminate In
peace, Merely teaching the precepts of peace is not enough. The children
must be enabled to discover for themselves the main factors necessary ln
the new order of society, if peaco Is to roign thore. Education is rapidly
lending toward tlie Ideal of being "a release of power from within, instoad
of an imposition of facts from without." Apart from its aim to improve
the individual life, education is really the process of propagating a soeial
ordor. At the present time, this must mean reconstructing a sociul order,
fi'or tills we must bave in the rising generation not only power, but a sense
of moral responsibility different from that of the past.
In the past the individual units of mankind were taught to feel that
tbelr only social obligation was toward their own country, and that for its
advancement they wore Justified in inflicting any degree of damage upon
oilier countries. Apart from tiie economic suicide which tills teaching has
brought about, tlie present moral chaos of the world is directly attributable,
also, to this causo,
Economic and political leaching alone cannot remedy this situation.
Only a transformation of the Individual's attitude in his relation to the rest
of mankind will begin the restoration of society lo a sane and livable basis.
ThlB means a great spiritual effort on the part of every teacher, an effort
which must be such timt tlie children under his or her care will share the
emotion of tlie Ideal, and strive to bring lt to fruition.
Additional copies may be obtained from The Canadian Section,
P   F., 78 Grosvolior Street, Toronto, Ont.
Or   from—Vancouver   Branch   W.   I.   L
Thurlow street, Vancouver, B, c.
m LETTERS TO
ft
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for tbe views expressed Is accepted by the management.]
W. I. L,
P,   F.,   "Women's   Bldg.,   762
Labor Party
Editor B. C. Federationist: Having attended the meeting of the
South Vancouver Labor group of the
C. L. P., whieh was visited by Comrades A. Mclnnes and F. Browne,
M. L. A., and also read the Statesman's report thereon, I am prompted
to write regarding the subject.
Possibly, like some others, I joined
said group without considering Its
consttutlonalty, merely havng In
mind the all-essential feature, the
necessity of South Vancouver workers being organized politically.
We had the name "South Vancouver Labor Party," After a time we
are advised from the Vancouver
central council that we should adopt
the name "South Vancouver group
of the C. L. P." This we did. But
apparently we are not right yet.!
However, let it be understood, the
South Vancouver group of the C.L.P.
has functioned splendidly since its
inception. The words, unity and
harmony are not merely prattled, the
group having practiced comradeship
and co-operation. Our business meetings, as well as our socials, have
been enjoyable throughout. Our
varied opinions have been free from
the acrimony and personal animus
characterizing so many labor meetings in the past. It may be stated,
"Ah, well, you aro young yet," to
which I would reply: Providing we
are class conscious as we would have
others think we are, there ls no reason why our present good feeling
cannot continue indefinitely. Now
regarding our name: I cannot see
why there Isn't room enough for all
workers in one political party. We
recognize that the names Conservative, Liberal, Progressive, etc., is just
so much subterfuge or camouflage
when there is any danger of said
parties having the solid opposition
of the workers. In view of the facts,
as they present themselves, I cannot
look back upon our history without
rogret. Tho workers have undoubtedly been kept back by the abuse
and spleen so freely administered by
leaders self-appointed and otherwise,
For many years in Canada, It waa an
unpardonable offence to hold ideas
of your own in opposition to certain
schools of thought. Where has this
policy led us? Surely, it cannot be
argued Into closer co-operation,
maintain if any of our speakers or
propagandists on the. job or anywhere else continue to carry on the
campaign of slamming one another
they are void of the first principles
of class consciousness.
We may have a federal election
this year. We surely will agree that
putting out the King government and
replacing it by the Meighen-Bob
Rogers clan will avail naught. We
surely ought to agree that there
no room for more than one working
class representative where there Is
one to be elected. No matter what
happens, it should be our slogan
"The nominee of the workers ln any
riding is my nominee, and there is
no room for duplication.
Surely we will agree that forty
men could both make their presence
felt and carry on propaganda to
better advantage than just two,
we have at present in Ottawa, And
why not more than forty if we quit
acting like spoiled kids. Just imagine three or four men working
hard in the shop or factory to get
the workers Into a political party.
One has C. L. P. cards, the other
F. L. P., another Workers' Party,
S. P. of C„ or perhaps I. W. W.
The shop or factory gradually bo-
comes a debating centre. With each
propagandist' featuring the weakness
of the other's party, it is little won
der the party approached sometimes
opines tho whole darned lot must be
rotten. Surely wo have wasted sufficient time thus. Surely we are not
going to spend many meeting nights
sowing seeds of disintegration where
harmony prevails. South Vancouvor
labor group have demonstrated the
fact that all shades of opinion in the
working class can meet under one
banner in one room. We are not
particular nor uppish about our
name. We have changed it once,
we can change it again, but we do
not want to lose the prevailing spirit
of solidarity by wrangling over a
proposed name or new name. We
must be prepared to forget somo
party name if we are to be in one
party in Canada. Therefore, it's with
the spirit or comradeship we must
approach the naming ceremony.
What we need Is a campaign of organization, with a viow of getting
all workers' attention fociissei. upon
the common enemy: the present system—the capitalists and their satellites who bolster lt up. Once get
our forces increasod and seized with
the facts as to what Is wrong, there
will bo little hair-splitting as to the
road wo traverse to attain emanclpa'
tion.
I am convinced the percentage of
workers who have studied: What is
capital, labor power, a commodity,
etc., is sufficiently largo to direct
the workers, providing the workers
are organized, and voting nnd acting
togethor. Acting together even if
wrong will bring results quicker than
schisms In our ranks, each fighting
for their own plan. What a spectacle, two labor papers in tho city,
each ready and willing to slam tho
other when opportunity presents itself. Let us quit lip service and
superficiality. Instead of fostering
further oncmity, let us promote a
spirit of comradeship, so that whon
the C. L. P. .convention meets in
May it can bo said of it, that it
marked a milestone in tho progress
of the labor movement in Canada.
Yours foi- freodom, DAVE REES.
Vancouver,  B.C.,  April  8,  1925,
peared in the Canadian or United
States daily press or magazines."
In fairness to myself and your
readers, I wish to quote the following from the Canadian Bookman of
March, 1925, Tho Bookman is our
leading Canadian journal of literary
criticism. The writer, Mr. Thomas
O'Hagan, is a Canadian poet and
essayist of unquestioned standing in
the world of letters, Mr. O'Hagan
Bays:
'In Canadian literary criticism
there is far too much haphazard,
unscholarly and meaningless criticism. An example of this is seen in
Dr. Logan's atatement in "Highways
of Canadian Literature," that Marjorle Plckthall, an Anglo-Canadian
girl, could not have the Greek feeling for nature." Mr. O'Hagan says
further, "I am not knocking Dr.
Logan's recently published work.
He deserves all our thanks for his
industry in bringing so much information or data on Canadian literature together. As to the literary
Judgments ln the volume, that is
another question. The greatest value
of Dr. Logan's book consists.in the
material it will furnish some well-
poised pon of the future in fashioning out of this bulky four hundred
pages a judicial, wise, well balanced
study of Canadian literature, both
English and French, comprised in a
book of three hundred pages." Mr,
O'Hagan has also this to say in regard to Dr. Logan's term "Vaudeville School" as applied to Robert
Service and others: "No need to
designate poets who write dialect or
humorous poetry, "Vaudeville Poets."
If this were true such poets as Hood,
James Whitcomb Riley and Dr. Oil-
Wendell Holmes would be classified, but they are not."
Placing this quotation from the
Canadian Bookman beside Dr. Logan's
statement that I, alone of all critics
in America, have found fault with
this book, it might seem that his
long letter had been written In haste.
I believe that Dr. Logan has a
most likeable personality and is a
belligerent defender of Canadian literature- So that I can extend my
hand to him, echoing the words of
his own letter, "No hard feelln's, old
boy.' " A.  M.   STEPHEN.
Vancouver,  B.C., April  8,  1925.
DEAFNESS
NOISES IN THE HEAD
ANO NASAL CATARRH
Can Be Relieved
The new Continental Remedy called
"I/AIUtfALENE" (Regd.)
Is a simple, harmless home treatment
which absolutely relieves deafness,
noises in the head, etc. No expensive appliances needed for this new
Ointment, instantly operates npon the
nffectcd parts with complete and permanent success. Scores of wonderful cases reported.
RELIABLE TESTIMONY
Mrs. E. Crowe, of WbHehorse
Road, Croydon, writes: "I am pleased to tell you that tho small tin of
ointment you sent to mo at Ventnor
lias proved a completo success, my
hearing is now quite normal and the
horrible head noises have ceased.
Tho action of this now remedy must
be vory remarkable, for I have boen
troubled with these complnints for
nearly 10 years nnd havo had some
of tho very bost medical advice, together with other exponsivo oar instruments, all to no purpose. I need
hardly sny how very grateful I am,
for my lifo has undergone an entire
chango."
Try ono box today, which can ho
forwarded to any addresB on receipt
of monoy order for $1.00. There is
nothing better at any price. Addross
ordors to Managar "LAHMALENE"
Oo., Doal, Kent, England.
Peoplo Should Own Cannda
Editor B. C. Federationist: How l
came to believe that Canada could be
owned ln common by all the peoplo:
Some years ago the British Columbia
government asked tho people if they
wnnted prohibition (as it was at that
time), or should the government sell
beer and liquor. It was understood
at the time that no cheap whiskey
would be sold, but that it would cost
customers $5 and $6 a bottle, also $5
for a "permit." Tho profit from the
sale of said liquor would be from
$2,000,000 to $3,000,000 a year.
Tbere has bcen no reduction in taxes,
and more and more unemployed. The
voters should have said: "We do not
want lt that way. If you cannot do
better than that we will vote bone-
dry. If you are going to sell liquor
for us and make all that money, we
want every dollar of lt to be used
for all of us that will work for it.
Then we can build roads and highways and do all kinds of work with
that money. There will be some
thousands more men employed on
full time, and they will buy more
goods. Industries will make plenty
more money, Thero will bo work for
everyone, and no more unemployment." If all tho other provinces
would do likewise, then the whole of
Canada will somo day be owned in
common by nil tho people. Now,
then, the people should work and live
and have a good time. To do this
should be very simple. Other countries could emulate this scheme.
PETE.
Kamloops, April 4, 1925.
ILL GO SAME WK IHE
Society's Disease Is Desperate-
It Calls for Drastic
Remedies.
Any Bolshevik: Society is suffering from tho cancer of capitalism,
Reform Is like the use of sticking
plaster, it tinkers with effects but
docs not touch the cause. Revolution
is the surgeon's knife which will cut
the cancer out and give the soeial
body a chance to become healthy.
Gospol of St, Luke: Every tree,
therefore whieh bringeth not forth
good fruit is hewn down and cast into the fire.
Dally Record and Mail: A small
section of the press has seized every
opportunity that presented itself to
condemn Mussolini, and lo speak of
him as though he wero the enemy of
his country instead of its saviour.
When the disense is desperate lt calls
for drastic remedies. A surgical operation may be a painful affair, but the
pain is justified when through itP
causo the subject recovers his normal
health. Today, under Mussolini's
guiding hand, Italy is normally
healthy.
On Which Sido Do You Stand?
This question of Socialism Is the
most Important and imperative question of the age. It will divide, ls now
dividing, society Into two camps, In
which camp will you olect to stand?
On the one side there are Individualism and competition—leading to a
"groat trade" and groat miseries. On
tho other side is justice, wit bout
wblch can eome no good, from whieh
can come no evil. On thn one hand
are ranged nil tbe sages, ail the saints
all the martyrs, nil the noble manhood nnd all the pure womanhood
of the world; on thc othor hand are
the tyrant, the robber, tbe man-slayer,
tbe libertine, the usurer, the slave-
driver, and the sweater, Choose your
party, then, my friend, and let^tis gel
to   the   fighting.—Robert   Blatchford.
"Class Consciousness"
Editor B. C. Federationist: "Class
Consciousness" Is a catchy phraso and
has greater significance and possibilities than is ordinarily attributed to
It. As it is preaehed and practiced
today, It is the strongest factor that
we know of to mnke the unthinking
man think and raise him up to the
level of the so-called higher classes
In intelligence. It ls sound and sane
advice to the workers to usk thom
to become class conscious. Those
who aro against it invariably make
a plea for what they call the good,
old-fashioned loyalty, wliich is onty
an outworn form of class consciousness. National patriotism, conscious
of the Immediate class that surrounds
us at the expense of a class just
across an imaginary boundary line,
most of them have exactly simllur
ideals and problems in life to deal
with. Why not bo conscious of this
greatest and strongest of all classes,
(Continued  on  page  4>
The ENSEMBLE
Is the Thing for Spring
Phoae Seymour 2351
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
SUITE 901, DOM-HION BUILDUHl
 YAMOOUVEE. B. B.
LONG-DISTANCE IS
CHEAPEST AT NIGHT
IVTEW night rates arc
now in force for longdistance conversations between 8:30 p.m. and 7
a.m.
B, C. Telephone Company
THIS
luivi
ono   outfit   ovory   woman   mitst
thi» yenr—ll Is no »i*rvlci*ablo.
0i, sn colorful, And if you *,'L*t
'Fflmoui,"   il   will   lio   {'iiito   in*
Famous
CLOAK and
SUIT Co. Ltd.
010-023 Haatings Street West
The soil was given to the rich and
poor In common. Wherefore, oh ye
rich, do ye unjustly claim it I'or yourselves alone? Naturo gave all things
In common for tiie use of all. Usurpation croatod privato right.—Ht. Am-
■broso.
The country abounds In practical
men of the highost capacity; the thing
is to discover them and give thom the
power, This man Is driving a cart,
when ought to bo a Minister; that
man Is a Minister, when he ought to
be driving a cart.—Napoleon.
Rejoinder By Sir. Stephens
Editor B, C. Federationist: In
last week's issue you gave space to
a lettor from J. D, Logan, headed
"Regarding Mr. SLophen's Criticism.1
Mr. Logan beaan his letter by thi
sweeping statement that there was
"not a grain of truth or fact" in my
criticism of his hook. Quoting further from Mr. Logan's letter, my review was "alone in being contrary
to  any  other  review  that  has ap-
Vancouver Turkish Baths
WiU Cure Tour Rheumatism, Lumbago,
Neuritis ot Bad Oold
Massage a Specialty
PACIFIC  BUILDING
711 Hastings St, W.   Phone Sey. 2070
TJAVE you over luul a real drink
•*■•*■ of Puro Apple Cider during tha
last few years?
To meet the desires of ninny clients,
wo have introduced recently a puro clear
sparkling apple elder in pint bottles,
either pure sweet or government regulation 2% hard apple older, Tht.se drinks
aro absolutely pure and free from all
capbonfo aold gas or preservatives of
any natnro. Writo or phone your ordor
today, Highland 00.
VAN BROS. LTD.
Older Manufacturers
1055 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, B. O.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST   I
1160 Georgia Street
Sunday sorvices, 11 a.m. and 7)90 p.m.
Sunday school immediately following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room,
001-008 Birks Bldg.
BANKING SERVICE
rj-_ UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
•1 of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
Established 61 Yearn PHIDAY April   10,  1926
SEVENTEENTH
year. no. ib BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
Page Three
MUSICIAN'S'
UNION LABEL
LEND YOUR PATRONAGE TO THB
MUSICIANS' LABEL. .
NOTICE TO
BUILDING OONTEACTOES
TENDERS WANTED for building addition
to Hustings School, corner Albort and
Clinton Stroots, Vancouver. Plans, specifi-
nations, etc., may bo obtained from School
Board Office, corner Hamilton and Duns-
muir Streots, after 10 a.m., Thursday, April
0, 1925, on deposit of $25.00. Tenders fn
duplicate, enclosed with marked cheque for
$5,000 in scaled envelope, addressed to tho
Chairmnn and Secretary, Vnncouver School
Board, nnd endorsed "Tender for Hastings
School Addition,'" must bo handed to the
Secretary between i) nnd I p.m. Monday,
April 20, 1925. Tenders will bo opened at
a Bpeclal meeting of tho Itonrd at 7:B0 p.m.
tho samo dny, nt which tenderers are invited
to be prosont. Lowest or nny tender not
necessarily accepted.
B. G. WOLFE-MERTON,
Secretary Vancouver School Board.
Woman and the
Game of War
[By MBS. BOSE HENDERSON.]
^Continued.)
TENDERS
TTANCOUVER
SCHOOL BOARD wonts
, tenders for supply of 82 Scat Action
Closet Outfits, Shanks or Twyfoi-d type, in
accordance with specif lent ion obtionnble ut
School Board Office. Tenders iu sealed on-
volopoB not later than 21st inst., to B. G.
Wolfe-Morton, Secrotary School Board.
CORPORATION  OP   POINT   GREY
SEALED TENDERS addressed to tho undersigned will be received by tho Council up to 8 p.m. on Tuesday, April 14th
Inst., for excavating, grading, underdraining
and othor relativo work for constructing a
bowling greon in Dunbar Park.
Forms of tender, specifications and full
Information may bo obtained on application
to tho Municipal Engineer on payment of
tho sum of 95.00, which will bo returned on
receipt of a bona fido tender,
A deposit by certified cheque of ten (10)
per cent, of tho amount tendored will be
required with each tender aB security that
tho tenderer will, if called upon, enter into
n contract, and provide tho required bond
for the performance of tho work.
Tho lowest or any tender not necessarily
accepted.
HENRY  FLOYD,
C. M. O.
Municipal Hall, 5851 West Boulevard,
Vancouver, B. C, April 6, 1925.
CORPORATION OF POINT GREY
TENDEBS FOB UNIFOBMS
SEALED TENDERS addressed to tho «-
dorsigned will bo recoived by tho Council up to 8 p.m. on Tuesday, April 14th, for
tho supply nf ctghteon (18) uniforms for,
the firo department, each suit eonnlstlrg of
a tunic and two pnirs of pants,
Samples   nre   required   with   euch   tender
and tho  time  nf delivery  is  to  be  stntod.
The lowest  or any tender  not   necessarily
accepted.
HENRY FLOYD,
O. M. 0.
Municipal    Hall,    5851    West    Boulevard,
Vancouver, B. O,
What's In a Name?
The exploiter calls It profit
And he winks the other eye,
The banker calls It interest
And he heaves a cheerful sigh,
The landlord calls it rent
As he tucks It in his hag,
But the good old honest burglar,
He simply calls It  "swng."
—Brisbane Worker.
Laborites will Ik greatly helping
lho Lnhor Movement by pushing the
salo of The B. C- Federatlonist.
Phona Say. 1198. 312 CARRALL ST.
G. S. MASON & CO.
E-UMiMwd 1188
A FAOTOET  FOB EEPAIEINO  HIOH-
OEADB WATCHES, CLOCKS,
OHBOKOMETEES AND JEWEIBT
Antique Clocks, Chronographs, be.
Weather Glosses
UNION DIRECTORY
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL—
Heeti eecond Monde, In the month.   Pre*
eldent, J. R. White; leoretir-r, R. H. Neelands. P. O. Bor 66.
rEDKRATED LABOR PARTT, Room 111—
819 Pender St. West—-BuBineai mootings
ewer, Wednesday evening. A. Mftelin.lt*.
chairman* E, II. Morrison, Beo*-troM.i Geo.
D, Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vaneonrer,
B. 0*. corresponding seorstarr.
Any district in British Columbia deslrlnc
Information re securing sneakers or the for*
motion of local branches, kindly commnnloala
with Provincial Secrotary J. Lyle Telford,
524 Birks Bld_., Vancouvor, B. 0. Tele*
phono Soymour 1*162, or llayvlow 5520.
BAKERV SALESMEN, LOOAL 871—Moets
aecond Thursday every month In Holden
Building. Preeldent, J. Brlnhtwoll; flnanolal
seoretary, H. A. Bowron. 929—llth Avenue
East.
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OP
BolU'rmakora, Iroo Shipbuilders and Helpers of Amorloa, Local 194—Meetings first
and third Mondays In each month In Holden
Building. President, P. Wllllll secrotary. A.
Frasor. Offlco hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 5
p.m.	
0IV10 EMPLOYEES DNION—Meeta first
and third Fridays ln each month, at 445
RichardB Street. President, David Cnthlll,
2852 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Geo.
Harrleon. 1182 Parker Street*	
ENGINEERS — INTERNATIONAL DNION
of Steam and Operating, Lecal 882—
Meets every Wodnesday at 8 p.m., Room
806 Holden Bldg. President, Charles Prioe;
business agent and flnanolal secretary, F. L.
Hunt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
MDSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
DNION, Local 145, A. h*. et M.—MooU In
G.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunsmuir Stroet,
second Sunday at 10 a.m. Prosldent, E. 0.
Millor, 991 Nelson Stroet; secretary, E. A.
Jamleson, 991 Nelson Stroot; flnanelal secretory, W. E. Williams, 991 Nolson Street;
organiser, F. Fletcher, 991 Nelson Streot.
THE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION—Meets at 991 Nelson Stroet, at 11
a.m. on the Tuesday proccdlng the 1st Sunday of tho month. President, Harry Pearson,
991 Nolson Stroot; Secrotary, E. A. Jamieson,   091 Nelson Street; Business Agont, F.
Fletcher, 991 Nelson St.	
TYPOGRAPHICAL DNION, No. 226—Presidont, R. P. Petllpleeo; vice-president 0.
F, Campbell; secrotary-troasnrcr, R. B. flat-
lands, P. 0. Boa 66. Moots last Sunday of
each month at 9 p.m. In Holdon BnUding, lf
Hastings Strset Esst.       	
PRINCE       RDPERT      TTPOGRAPHIOAli
DNION, No. 418-Prssldont, S..D. Maedonald, aeoretarytreasurer, J. M*. Campbell,
P. 0. Boi 668.
■oath.
Meets last Thunday of eaeh
The Daily News of August 9, 1923, has a picture in it. The
Crown Prince of Japan is seen walking with the Chief of the British
Air Mission in Japan. Underneath we read: "Since the disarmament Conference Japan has been constructing huge fighting planes
under the direction of British aerial experts." Why are British
aerial experts helping Japan to construct "huge fighting planes".
And against whom does Japan propose to use those planes? Apparently Vickers are building some of them, for the Japan Chronicle
reports the accidental destruction by fire of "a new airship at
Oppama," costing 170,000 yen and built by that firm.
HOW AMERICA PREPARES FOR PEAOE
Successful tests have already been carried out by thc United
States Air Service with automatically-controlled pilotless aeroplanes.
In these tests the automatic "pilot" was described as using
a gyroscope for its brains, and pneumatic apparatus, similar to that
in an automatic piano, for its muscles.'
By the use of such appartus, nights of over 90 miles were carried out.  Hertzian waves were not used in those tests.
The American Government has built a triplanc for war purposes
capable of carrying 10,800 lbs. of bombs. This flying machino is the
largest yet constructed in America it will weigh 20 tons, and it will
be driven by six Liberty (!) engines, developing 2,400 h.p. Two
pilots and two engineers will be carried.
Poison Liquid
New York, Oct. 28.—A third victim of "looney gas" poisoning
in the research laboratory of the Elizabeth, N. J., plant of the Standard Oil Company died today. He was Wm. McSweeny, aged 27.
Before his death he became so violent he had to be placed in a
straight jacket.
The United States Chemical Warfare Service has announced the
discovery of a new poison liquid so deadly that three drops on the
skin will kill a man.
Captain Bradncr, the Chief of the Department, says that one
aeroplane carrying two tons of the liquid could kill every man within a space of 7 miles long and 100 feet wide.
The War budget of the United States shows an increase of 74
per cent over pre-war figures, and on December 10,1824, chairman
Halo of the senate naval affairs announced that he would introduce
a new bill, which provides expenditure on modernization of the fleet
to the extent of $111,000,000.
Mad-House Oas
At a meeting recently hold in New York city of aerial and chemical experts, it was stated by Will E. Ervin, that one groat power has
already perfected a "Mad-House Gas," that can be sprayed upon
civilian populations and drive them permanently insane. There are
four kinds of gas that can be used—irritating, asphyxiating, incendiary, and mad-house gas stated Mr. Irwin, and governments were
dilligently manufacturing them in preparation for thc next war.
The report further states that Mr. Irwin's paper on the future
of aerial and chemical warfare and the discussion brought forth,
opened up one of the worst vistas of horrors since Dante wrote his
Inferno."
HOW FRANOE PREPARES FOR PEAOE
The expenditures in Europe on armaments is colossal, and can
havo but one object, war. If another war is precipitated, Europe
will rapidly rattle baok to barbarism. Many travelers in the small
states, return shocked at the de-humanized condition of large masses
of people who are sinking into a state of hopeless despair, under the
load of debt and war expenditure. Another point not fully realized
is thc fact that the power of France rests upon a black basis. It is
astonishing that the peoples of other nations are not awakened to
one of the most menacing and sinister facts of history.
With the 20th century comes thc questions: Is Europe to be
dominated by Africa, arc the blacks to be trained to subdue and enslave the white peoples? And if Europe, why not England? If England, why not Canada.
Supposing friction were to arise between England and America?
(not at all impossible), how would Canadian mothers feel to sec the
negroes of the south sent into the industrial centers to protect the
interests of the United States. This would be merely war tactics,
exactly what is happening now in Europe. Prance has under
her sway 43,500,000 in Asia, 43,500,000 in Africa, and has now applied
to all tiiesc people her laws of military conscription. She reckons
within the next five years to have a permanent army of 800,000
Africans for war in Europe, if need be, permanently stationed in
Europe. Tlie conscription of Africa by France is one of those tremendous events which alter the destinies of nations.
Aeroplanes, Without Pilots, Directed From Earth
Hertzian waves for the automatic control of aeroplanes are
among the latest peace-time preparations for war.
According lo the "Petit Parisien," quoted by Router, an experiment of flying by this means has been sucessfully carried out.
A heavy biplane, fitted with an engine of 300 h.p. says the message was flown for some time" without pilot or passenger, abov
Etamps, Seine ct Oise, without difficulty.
The machine took off in a fog; the "pilot," comfortably seated
in an engineer's office, performed some perfect flying movements,
The "Morning Post" of August 12, 1923, quoted a "French expert," who said that toxie gas, which attacks the nervous system,
and locrimatory gas, "which provokes only temporary blindness,"
have not been altogether successful.
This humane gentleman declared : "Aeroplanes dropping mustard gas bombs on a town will, in addition to causing the death of
many of its inhabitants, render tbe place absolutely uninhabitable
for a number of days. . .
"Thc effect of Ihis gas, causing, as it does, dreadful pains and
in many cases, permanent blindness, is particularly impressive for
lhe onlooker."
More Danger
Having said this much the expert concluded that thc various
nations should, therefore, particularly direct scientific research to
the betterment of mustard gas.   Gas experts, he said, would endeavor to render it more persistent and dangerous!
He added that other gases are under consideration.    Among
thom are certain substances intended to cause temporary loss of control and clear thinking.
Bv using them, he said:
"We could thus witness a whole city staggering to and fro, its
inhabitants being deprived of all moral and physical control, and as
unconscious as drunkards or idiots.
France declared to her creditors after the war, her inability to
pay cither interest or principal of her war debt, yet notwithstanding
her bankruptcy France has since 1918 built up onc of thc most powerful armies and air forces in thc world.
Moreover, she has used French credit for the purpose of making
military subsidies to Poland, Jugo-Slavia, Roumania, Czeclislovakia,
Esthonia, Hungray and Finland, supplying these countries with munitions and war supplies, thus making Europe today a huge arsenal
which needs but a match to cause another international explosion.
It is significant that France has now returned to her status of a
first-class naval power. She proposes to have 178,000 tons of battleships, 360,000 tons of submarines, as well as auxiliaries. The coast
defenses of France have been rebuilt and strengthened since the war
and somo of the longest-range guns arc now mounted on these shore
batteries.
"The war chemistry of today," said a French scientist a few
days ago, "bears tho same relation to tho war chemistry of 1914 as
thc machine-gun does to the old flintlock. If I were in tbe shoes of
the French Minister of War, T should tremble."
Among theso is a terrible development of Yporite or mustard-
gas, which, in the form of a fine rain of infinitely pulverised corrosive liquid, may bc dropped in bombs from aeroplanes or fired in
shells from guns, and which is guaranteed to destroy every living
THE UNSEEN
[Written for The B. O. Federatlonist.]
TBy NEMESIS.]
THE things no mortal mind can realize,
That lie beyond the power of senses frail,
Are those that change not as the ages roll,
But cause the ceaseless changes that prevail.
The things that eye ean sec and senses grasp,
Plays each its little role and 'disappears,
As cloud-shades flit a moment o'er the grass,
As melt away the disappointing years.
As man himself struts fuming through his day,
Intent on grasping for the bubble's gleam,
And passes trembling from thc tinselled stage,
As slips away in sleep the mocking dream.
Of all the forces of the universe,
That vibrate through the length and breadth of space,
There still is one that guides and rules the rest,
That holds eaeh sun and pulsing mote in place.
That all-controlling force, that works the whole,
At cosmic helm eternally has stood,
Sustaining all, that does not change nor pass—
Thc unseen force of Mind, and Mind is Good.
The only force eternal which exists,
The only source of power, that wields all laws,
It cannot pass; it is thc onc I Am,
The first and only fundamental Cause.
And man himself can win and wield this force
In measure full, that bears no fault nor flaw;
But only through his deeds, whioh must obey
The one eternal, altruistic law.
The Christ has lived to demonstrate the Law,
And show the power that Good will e'er imbue;
Those stubborn mountains yet shall be removed,
When Man is merged in Good, complete and true.
thing within an area of several square miles. Another preparation is
a cloud of poisonous arsenical dust, that will choke and destroy tho
lungs. Other gas-weapons still, in which experiments are constantly
being carried out, contain the bacilli of mortal diseaso, which may
destroy whole populations.
Causes of War
To speak of the economic causes of war has been considered
seditious, and disloyal. Men and women arc today lying in jail for
no greater crime than, that they tried to enlighten their fellow men
of the causes of war, and the foul deception that was played upon
them. If the menace of modern war is to be removed, causes of war
must be made known. Who more competent to explain these causes
than the war lords themselves. Premier Nitti, in his book "The
Decadence of Europe," shows not only the lies and intrigues, before
and during the war bub also the sinister motives, the callous hypoc-
rasy of the old war mongers, who gathered at Versailles in the name
of the people to make peace.
Instead of the war mongers making peace, as they promised to
do, when they induced Qermany to lay down arms on the strength of
Wilson's fourteen points, they began to squabble and fight like
BUY YOUR
HOOVER
NOW!
With An Initial Payment of
$4.50
Down
And the Balance in 12 Payments
For a limited period you will be able to
have delivered to your home the very
latest model Hoover, which possesses
the three features in one: it beats,
sweeps and cleans in one operation.
The initial cost to you will be a deposit of $4.50 and the balance may be
met in monthly paymehts of $6.25.
it l*»C*W^O"*TCD ^> |<* WAY IttrO % ****_)   '
VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
thieves amongst themselves over the loot of Europe and the plunder
of Asia.
During the war 340,000 persons in England increased thcir
wealth £4,180,000,000. Idleness, legally entrenched behind the system of profits draws a far larger reward than those who shed their
blood and labored for victory.
When will people realize that it is not the business of war lords
and capitalists to make peace. This war was never intended to end
war, for in the words of a well-known general, "war is a great and
profitable industry. (To bo continued)
Miss ANNA LOUISE STRONG
The Latest Word from Russia
The FEDERATED LABOR PARTY presents
MISS STRONG for
TWO LECTURES
At ROYAL THEATRE on Sunday
Afternoon and Evening, April 12 th
AT THE HOURS OP 3 AND 8 p.m. RESPECTIVELY
This is another excellent opportunity to hear the truth about conditions in Russia to-day.
Miss Strong has been in Russia longer since thc Revolution than any other American, or, perhaps any other Anglo-Saxon. She has travelled all over European Russia, visiting in coal mines,
farms, children's homes and factories. f
She will speak on "Soviet Russia—During the Last Four Years." She will cover the
whole realm of Russian Life—Industry, Education, Social, Political, Religious, Commercial.
Miss Strong returned from Russia last month. Since arrival, she has spoken at Open Forums in Philadelphia, New Bedford, Syracuse, Elmira, Denver; at Dana Hall, Wellesley, Main
State University, Oberlin, etc.; Chicago Woman's Club, with two Radios in Chicago, and thirty
or forty other places, as she has crossed the continent.
In 1921, under the American Quaker Relief Committee, she went with the first train that
took supplies into the Volga district, where the famine was worst.* She had typhus. During the
past three years, she has acted as journalist. She is author of "The First Time in History,"
published by Boni and Liveright—being a history of Russia's New Life up to January, 1924.
The book has gone to the third printing, and has been translated into Russian and Gei'man. She
has been all over European Russia. Knows practically all the prominent people of Russia, as
well as the life of the workers. For several months, tutored Trotsky, in English. She was
made "Guardian" of the first self-supporting children's colony, on the Volga.
She is a graduate of Oberlin and Chicago—taking her Ph.D. at the latter institution. Spent
a year at Bryn Mawr. Was, for over a year, exhibit-expert in the U. S. Children's Bureau,
Washington, D. C.   Was head of the Child Welfare Exhibit of the San Franscisco Exposition!
She expects to return to Russia in April, and does not plan to make other public addresses,
while in Vancouver.
All monies collected, other than the amount covering the expenses of the two meetings,
will be given to Miss Strong to aid her in carrying on the work in the Children's Colony in
Russia.
HEAR THE TRUTH   ABOUT   RUSSIA   FROM   ONE   WHO   KNOWS
EVERYBODY WELCOME. Page Four
SEVENTEENTH YEAB.    No. Iii
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY April   It,   1925
Fresh  Cut  Flowers, Funeral  Designs, Wedding  Bouquets, Fot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
4—STORES—4
48 Hutlngi SttMt Slit. Sey. 988472     665   Grwrtlle   Stntt Baj.   9513-1391
161 Hutla.fi Stnet Wut. ~S«y. 1370     1047 Georgia Strut Wut Baj. 741t
"SAT IT WITH FLOWERS"
At the Orpheum
This is "National Vaudeville Ar
lists week" throughout the country.
and the Orpheum is celebrating with
a fine big bill of selected vaudeville
acts, commencing April 16, 17, and
18. The inimitable blackface team,
Mclntyre and Heath, are the head-
liners. Fifty-one years ago this present season they formed and obtained
engagements in the variety houses of
the day in a blackface skit. This Is
their farewell vaudeville tour.
Fresh from triumphs in the "Music
Box Revue" is Miss Vernille in a new
and elaborate dance act called "Wonderland," which sets a new pace in
gorgeous sets and costumes.
By specializing in a feminine style
of   Charlie   Chaplin   comedy,   Mazie
Clifton and Billie De Rex are back j
In vaudeville after two successful
seasons as featured performers in
"The'Greenwich Village Follies."
Bert Hanlon, "The Gattling Gun,"
is a funny fellow with a clean Hne of
rapid-fire monologue comedy. Russell
and Pierce are billed as "Acrome-
dians." They offer a startling line
of comedy acrobatics. Pable De Sar-
to, noted European violin virtuoso, is
making his American debut in vaudeville. The Four Sensational Wilton's
are one of the most skillful organizations in the show world. "Noah's
Athletic Club" is the title of an exceptionally funny Aesop's Fable. The
Topics of the Day and the Orpheum
concert orchestra in a number of
brilliant musical offerings complete a
great N.V.A. week bill.
Human   nature   is  a  man's  excuse
for acting like a hog.
I The Vancouver Daily Star's
PicturePuzzleFunGame
THREE OPPORTUNITIES TO WIN
l<>$500.00«-€
Find the Most Objects in this Picture Starting with letter "C"
Easy to solve. Try it. Without any trouble whatever you can readily see such objects as "Cow,"
"Child," "Chair," etc. Well, the others are just as easy to see, but the idea is who can find the most.
Twenty-five big cash prizes will be given for the Twenty-five best lists of "C-Words" submitted in
answer to this puzzle. The person sending in the largest and nearest correot list of names will, be
awarded first prize; second nearest correct list, second prize, etc.   See how many you can find.
THE VANCOUVER DAILY STAR announces today a most interesting and amusing game. All can
participate in this great fun game—from a school boy or girl to dad, mother , and even grandpa and
grandma. It holds no preference to age. It is a test of your skill in ferreting out "C-Words" in the
Puzzle Picture. It's a jim dandy puzzle game. We know you will enjoy It, for everyone laves a puzzle,
and we venture to say you'll never have more fun.
It costs nothing to take part. The "C-Words" Puzzle Game is a campaign to increase the popularity
of The Vancouver Daily Star. It is not a subscription contest, and you do not have to send in a single
subscription to win a prize. If your answer is awarded first prize by the judges, you will win $25;
but if you would like to win more than $25 we are going to make the following special offer, whereby you can win bigger cash prizes.
YOU CAN WIN $500.00
> THERE  ARE  THREE $500.00  PRIZES
HcRE'S HOW: If your answer to the "C-Word" Picture Puzzle wins FIRST, SECOND or THIRD
Prize, and you have sent in one yearly subscription   to  The  Vancouver  Daily  Star  at $3.00  per  year,
fourth
yc    will receive $250.00 instead   of   $25.00;
pri-c $75,00, etc.    (Sc second column of figures Ir.
pr!::.; Hit;,
Or, if your answer wills FIRST, SECOND or
THIRD Prize, .ind you have sent In two yearly
subscriptions to Thc Vancouver Dally Star (one
new and one renewal or two now subscriptions).
you will receive $300.00 In place of $25.00; fourth
prize, '3150.00, etc. (See third coi.ur.7n of figures In
prize  list).
How ii, that lor a nOeral oficr? but LOOK!
there are three $*_03.00 prizea. Therefore if you
SUi'ld KIRSr, SEUU.NU or THIRD, and li.-.vc aent
In l.»o yearly suUuctlptions at $-M each (one new
and one renewal or two now), you will win SSOO.OO.
It taitcs i.'ji two yearly -subscriptions to tgualiry
your answer for the big £500.00 rewards. Absolutely, that Is thc maximum. You cnn do this with
little effort. Your own subscription can count. We
can also take subscriptions to start at any future
date. Just mark on your order when you wnnt the
paper to start and we will not commence delivery
until you say.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES—THE VANCOUVER
DmILV STAR—$3.00 a Year, payable fn advance.
RURAL ROUTE SUBSCRIBERS—This offer cp-
ptles to Rural Route patrons as well as subscribers living In cities and towns. Send a yearly subscription at $3.00 and qualify for the big prizes.
TWENTY-FIVE
CASH PRIZES
Wiiinlnn answers will
receive   thc
twenty.
five cash przles according to the table below.
_ * c+_
S^n e
-&-*■
•Jo:
-.?;„
«30{j
*» 2« *>
HB..   c
Me
I'll
M
v ** a«
fl|2§
1st   Prize ,...$25.00
S250.0O
$500.00
2nd Prize  .... 25.00
250.00
500.00
3rd Prize .... 25.00
250.00
500.00
4th   Prize ....  15.00
75.00
150.00
5th  Prize  .... 10.00
50.00
100.00
6th   Prize ....    8.00
30.00
60.00
7th  Prize ....   6.00
20.00
40.00
8th   Prize ....    4.00
15.00
30.00
9th   Prize ....    3.00
10.00
20.00
10th   Prize  ....    2.00
7*b0
15.00
11th to 15th
Prizes  (ind)     1.50
5.00
10.00
'6th to 25th
Prizes (Ind)     1.00
3.00
6.00
In the event of a tl
for any pr
ze offered,
the full amount of such prize will be paid to
each tied participant.
)
)
—
Mail  Your Answer To
Laughlan Gillies, Puzzle Manager
The Vancouver Daily Star
Department 1 Vancouver, B. C.
OBSERVE THESE RULES
I..Any man, woman or child who is not in the
employ of The Vancouver Dally Star, or a member
ot an employee's family, may submit an answer.
2. All answers must be mailed by April 18th, 1925,
and addressed to Laughlan Gillies, Puzzle Manager,
The Vancouver Daily Star/
3. All lists of names should be written on onc tilde
of the paper only, and numbered consecutively, 1, 2,
3, etc. Write your full name nnd address in the
upper right V.md corner. If you desire to write
anything else, use a separate sheet.
4. Only such words as appear in the English
Dictionary will be counted. Do not use obsolete
words. Where the plural is used, the singular
cannot  be counted and vice versa.
5. Words of the same spelling cm be uaed only
once, even though used to designate different
objects or articles, or parts of objects or articles.
An object or article can be named only once.
6. Do not use hyphenated or compound words,
or any words formed by the combination of two
or more complete words, where each word In Itself Is an  object.
7. The answer having the largest and nearest
correct list of names of visible objects and articles
shown in the picture that begin with the letter
"C" wll be awarded First Prize, etc. Neatness,
style or handwriting have no bearing upon deciding the winners.
8. Any number of people may co-operate in
answering the puzzle, but only one prize will be
awarded to any one household; nor will prizes be
awarded to more than one of any group where
two or more have been working together.
9. In the event of a tie for any prize offered, the
full amount of such prize will be awarded to each
tied  participant.
10. Subscriptions (both new and renewal) payable in advance at $3.00 per year by mall or carrier delivery in Canada will be accepted. However, In qualifying for the $500.00 Bonus Rewards,
at least ONE new subscription must be sent In.
11. A new subscriber is anyone who has not
been receiving The Vancouver Dally Star since
March 10th.
12. All answers will receive the same consideration regardles of whether or not a subscription to
The Vancouver Dally Star Is sont In.
13. All new subscriptions will be carefully verified by the. Puzzle Manager. Candidates making
old subscriptions as new will positively forfeit thc
credit of such subscriptions ns qualifying for the
Maximum  Bonus  Rewards.
14. Three prominent Vancouver citizens naving
no connection with The Vancouver Dally Star will
be selected to act as judges to decide the winners,
and participants by sending In their answers
agree to accept the decision of the Judges as final
and conclusive. „■'____,
15. The JudgeD will meet on April 27th, and announcement of the Prize Winners and correct iist
of words wll be published In The Vancouver Dally
Star as quickly  thereafter as  posi.ble.
LARGE   PUZZLE   PICTURE  SENT   FREE
ON  REQUE8T
MEANDERINGS
[By Our Peripatetic Pagan.]
'THE attention of the minister of im-
migration has been called In the
house ot commons (by Mr. Church,
member for North Toronto) to advertisements appearing in British newspapers that "five thousand workers
are required in Toronto." Mr. J. A.
Robb the minister promised to enquire into the matter.
We sincerely hope he will not only
enquire but run the thing to earth
and publish the names of the authors
of this heartess fraud; certain it ls
that somebody is responsible for it
for selfish reasons and we, as well as
Mr. Church want to know who?
*»***•
Thi8 sort of thing has got to be
slopped. Miss MacPhail, speaking on
the horrors of the Cape Breton strike,
charged the B. E. Steol Corporation
with having brought Immigrants even
during the worst times dumping them
down where there was no work after
getting th?m here.
*. •    *
Thanks to A, J. Bird, city building
inspector, for his criticism and condemnation of the system existing relative to the housing question in Vancouver, He said, "a visit to •''ome
parts of the city would surprise one
to see how the poorer element live
and makes one wonder.
"There Is a large body of people in
this elty with little coming in who
can not afford, or do not choose, to
own their own homes. Many of them
have families. They are forced by
circumstances to reside clo^e by their
work, and, therefore, are crowded into the central part of the town, where
they Mther live in those dilapidated
houses, or in so-called housekeeping
rooms, with no room for children to
play, and who at night sleep in the
living-room and kitchen combined.
"The time is coming, when Vancouver will have to consider this question
of housing, especially If large industries come here."
* *    *
Now this particular Hem of news
leads me to another line of thought.
The above appeared in an inconspi-
cious place in a recent issue of our
dally press, yet it Is a piece of news
so serious that it should have been
given an important position; whilst
twaddle and rot was printed in bold
type with attractive headings on thu
front page of the issue. The reaaon
Is not far to seek, our press dare not
upset their masters, the capitalist
landlords, hence these Important and
trenchant words from a public official on a most serious subject for thc
welfare of the community are relegated to a hide-in-lhe-corner pluce.
Well again I return to the attack—
get busy and let's have our own daily
press! •
* *    *
Mr. Baldwin, we are told, is genuinely m earnest about the need for
improving the conditions under which
the workers live. If so, why is he
the leader of the party of royalty
owners and coal owners who stand
in the way of National ownership of
the coal industry? If his sincerity
carries hfm far enough to tell his
party that the nation is more important than trusts, and national in-1
terests than the vested interest, he'
will soon be looking for another job.
«    *    «
A miner applicant in a workmen's
compensation case at Hamilton, was
asked whether, after his accident, the
colliery had, not found him the lightest job. "No," was tho reply, "the
managing director has it!"
* •    •
Walton Newbold writing on the
British struggle with Chicago for raw
material says: "The struggle of tho
future in the Capitalist world is going
to bo between American industry in
alliance with thc middlemen now buying raw matorial (especially tropical
raw materials of which the United
States has extremely little) on thc
markets of the world and British industry in alliance with Morgan-Bank
of England bank capital relying on
the resources of the Empire."
* *    *
"The Chicago ment combine Is tho
centre of tho 100 per cent. American
interests. In order to break this
centre the British governing class is
prepared to resort to temporary and
specious "Soclallsl" adventures In
eliminating the middleman (preeminently becoming an American), setting up a State marketing scheme
and haveing "booted" the American
out of the Empire, will at the earliest
opportunity show that public ownership (with private enterpreneurs
manipulating ft) is a failure and so
transfer It to British Capitalism." This
is Mr. Baldwin's "State Socialism."
* •    »
Bread prices in Vancouvor! Watch
out and remember our remarks of
last week on the bakery combine,
* *    *
So, it is said that M. Heriot Is determined to force a Capital levy; all
power to him.    More about this next
week.
* *    •
April 10th, Good Friday; very good
Friday this time—"Federationist"
day!
Letters to the Fed.
(Continued from page 2)
the producers, the creators of good
and useful things for human use and
betterment? What more powerful
force can there be for world peace
and good will than the consciousness
of our connection with an all-power'
ful world force for peace and production for use? Always against useless
Jugglers and traders in the work and
production of others. Class consciousness does not mean hatred and aloof,
ness to men, but toward certain well-
recognized pernicious and wasteful
customs. They tell us that moralists
have condemned class consciousness
in all ages. Well, have not they been
condemning all of the very necessary
rungs ln the ladder of evolution.
How can we have a real self-consciousness unless we develop class-
consciousness. L. C. TEEPLE.
Vancouver, B. C, April 8, 192B.
ECONOMICS OF LIFE
Owing to Science Present World
Oould Live Full and Abundant Life
FUTURE OF CIVILIZATION
As a general rule nobody has money
who ought to hnve It.—Disreftlf.
Your friends might be glad to subscribe for The Federationist if you
asked them.   Try.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BARMS TE RS,   SOLICITORS, ETO.
■i(ii-JOR Metropolitan Building
837 Hastings St. W-,   VANCOUVER,   B.O.
Telopliones: Seymour 0606 and 6667
Asbestos
Editor, B. a Federationist: Its
positive fire-proofing and heat con
serving qualities makes, it indis
pensable for many uses, which an
constantly increasing.
Last year we exported about $11,-
000,000 worth (the trade manu-
don't seem to give raw and manufactured separate), but I understand
it is largely raw. With Canada pos-j
sosslng 85% of the world's known
supply, why should not Canadian labor convert it into finished nnd useful products, Why not an embargo
or export duty, upon Its raw and partly finished products. Neither weather
or insects, or molh or rust, will corrupt, (but we cannot complete tlie
biblical sentence) because exporting
raw material of tbis nature, seems
like legalized scaling the Canadian
workmen's wages, and giving them
to foreign workmen in other countries, without any recompense whatever. It should and must provide
work or taxes, I prefer the work,
Yours truly, W. O. SEALEY.
Hamilton, Om., April 2, 1925.
Banking Privileges of Directors
[Note—Following self-explanatory
letter appeared recently in the East
York Gazette. By request it ls reprinted in this paper.—Ed.]
To the Editor, East York Gazette:
In your issue of 6th inst., there is a
letter of Mr. J. T. Loftus on the
banks, which should open the eyes
of your readers when he states that
the depositors in banks hav6 available
security of less than three per cent
for their deposits, and corroborates the
same with figures. A dangerous principle Is creeping into our banking
system, whereby our directors and
their partners are nblc to borrow
from their banks and thero aro no
reports to the shareholders or depositors as to the rate of interest
paid or security for such loans. In
the monthly report of December, 1924,
sent in to the finance minister, under
section 112 of the Bank act, I note
that the directors and partners of the
banks have been loaned $12,146,842.
This is a tremendous privilege for
directors of banks and their partners,
for If they were not loaned the money,
then the banks would have to lend it
to others in order to make their
[dividends. Tnke for example the following banks:
"* Bank of Commerce, with 31 directors, loaned '$4,624,304, or $149,171.-
09  average to  each.
Bank of Nova Scotia, with 16 directors, loaned $1,542,139, or $96,383.-
68 average to each.
Royal Bank, with 21 directors,
loaned, $1,115,432, or $53,115.81 average to each.
Dominion Bank, with 12 directors,
loaned ?906,13S; or $75,511.15 average to each.
' Bank of Toronto, with 12 directors,
loaned $975,323 or $81,276.91 average
to each.
The Provincial Bank of Canada!
does not loan to its directors, or any
one of them, which Is a wise provision, yet it is in a sound financial
standing. Why not the other banks
do the same?
Another ninre dangerous system Is
the "new method," or formation of
"inside corporations," carried by the
banks, of which the Bank of Commerce has five, Bank of Montreal
four, and Royal Bank one. (See annual reports to the shareholders),
A former president of one our present hanks, who had no love for tho
"new method," let the cat out of the
bag, while addressing the shareholders said: "Our holdings of real estate for bank premises are aU in
evidence. We have no Inside corporations to which the banks cnn dispose of Its properties, with a view
to their disappearance from the balance sheet and their lease by the
bank, from tho same corporation on
purchase terms. The adoption of the
new method would admit of the investment by the bnnk of lnrge sums
In thc purchase or construction ot
bank premises Without the fnct being
made apparent to the shareholders,
tho government, or the public, and
of the creation of liabilities for corresponding amounts, no trace of
which could be discovered In the
balance sheet. It would be equally
proper to extend the operations of
such a corporation by including in
Us range of purchases from the bank
(of which it would be an adjunct),
such assets us overdue debts, real estate, dead and other undesirable loans,
etc., nnd vitalizing these, through a
process of book-keeping into lively
looking bonds nnd debentures of corporations, which would, later on, and
until disposed of, make thcir appearance amongst tho liquid reserves of
the bank."
The tariff question is only a "smoke
screen," for tho old parlies to discuss
at election time, to take tho attention
of the people away from the money
monopoly that the directors of our
Canadian banks hold under the present Canadian monetary systom. Why
the press nnd representatives of the
fnrmers in the house of commons, for
Western Canada "sit pat" and say
nothing nbout the above two phases
of our banking system, Is n puzzle to
me. I am not surprised thnt the
Western farmers are leaving the old
parlies, but don't know why, for they
don't see how they nre being exploited by the Canadian Bankers' nsso-
cintloii with branch banks.
JOHN GALBRAITH.
113 Snmmon avenue, East York,
March  27,  1925.
DU.   FORSYTHK,   PALMER   GRADUATE
Chiropractor, 700 Dunsmuir St-; 10 till 6.
Soy. 0788. EvttB, liy uppti Courteous service.
Scientific Advancement U*e_d for
Exploiting the Oommon
Peoples
Professor F. Soddy, professor of
inorganic and physical chemistry at
Oxford university, delivered a lecture
to members of the Association of
University Women Teachers in the
Botanic theatre in Glasgow Inst
month. Taking as his subject, "The
Economics of Life," he said that we
had yet to prove that the scientific
olvlllaztlon which had sprung up so
quickly was going to bo a stable
civillzaton, The present world, because of ' the advance of science,
could live a full and abundant life,
and could support its present population, and, far more, In decency and
with every necessary requirement, if
—and only if—as during the war*, It
were allowed to do so. But all the
time there was the restraint upon
trade and production of the purely
financinl and fiscal arrangecmnts, by
which tho products of the factories
were distributed: Real wealth was
due to energy in thc first place, and
If we had the energy and knowledge
how to control and use that energy,
thero was nothing that was required
which could not be mnde in unlimited quantity. Thut was a discovery
which altered for ever our outlook
on the world. If we looked ahead
for a few years, we saw unbounded
possibilities.
He maintained that tho mistaking
of wealth for debt had led to confusion, and expressed the belief that
if that were put right, scientific clv-
lliaztion  might start  square on  the
We Are Now Selling the
ORIGINAL  NANAIM0-
WELLINGT0N
COAL
From'the old WAKESIAH
SEAM. This coal is far
superior to any mined on
Vancouver Island today,
having More Heat, Less
Ash, and contains No Bock,
No Shale and No Clinkers.
If this coal is not satisfactory in every respect your
money will be cheerfully refunded.
A Trial Will Convince
Every Consumer
AIL WHITE HELP
Leslie Coal
Co. Ltd.
944 BEACH AVE.
Phono Sey. 7137
right road. Wo could not drive a
coach and four through the laws of
nature und hopo to go on indefinitely. Ho pleaded that the whole
increment of scientific discovery and
invention should not go to those who
had, but that some of It should go
to those who had not. As a scientific man, he would not publish any
discovery if he thought lt was going
to benefit solely the clients of the
banks. The great advance of science
should not be used to depress men
to tho lovel of machines. Ho would
rather bury his knowledge than give
it to the world if ho thought science
was to be used in thc future as it had
been In tho past, for tho purpose of
exploiting tho common peoples.
Letters Crowded Out
[Note.—Several letters have been
crowded out of this odltlon, but will
appear in subsequent issues.—Ed.]
Easter Records
Edison, Columbia
or Apex
All the speeial Easter releases, as well as a full
selection of the above makes in Records. Make
your selection early.
ROSA PONSELLE
sings exclusively for The Columbia Records. We
have her selections in stock.
The Griersdorf Sisters
Play Martin Saxaphoncs, knowing them to bc the
best—that's why we handle them.
TOWNLEY & WARD, LTD.
443 Hastings Street West
Phone Sey. 2444 Corner Richards
MILK sold by certain dairies in this city is processed to make it appear richer.
THE AYRSHIRE DAIRY     '
Supplies milk with nil the cream lu It pasteurized. It
is your assurance of sound health. JUST YOU TRY
IT AND SEE,
l'liono Sey. 0191
The Ayrshire Dairy
DEAF?    Deaf?
NOW you can mlnglo with ymir frlondg* without that omlmrrasBmont which
ovory deaf porson suffers. Now you onu tako your placo in tlio socinl bind-
iii'ss worlds to wliich your t nlon in ontillo yon. nnd from which your affliction
hns lu somo nicnsuro excluded you.
Inii!-mui*li nn ovor 500,000 users linvo testified to tho wonderful results obtninod
from tho "Afloustlcon," wo feel perfectly unfo lu urging every donf person,
without a penny of expense, to accept tho
"ACOUSTICON" \-,_sr
PITMAN OPTICAL HOUSE
EVERYTHING FOB THB ETE AND EAR
816 Hastings Stroet West, Vancouver, B.O.
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY      "
THOROUGHLY    MATURED—ONH    OP    THE    MOST    POPULAR
BRANDS  AT  THE   GOVERNMENT   STORES
OOLD LABEL
15-YEAR-OLD
Ask for CATTO'S.    For sale at all Government Liquor Stores
Ibtl advartuamant li not pnbllahat or _i_pl_y«d by tbt Llouor Control Soul at
t, the OoT.nun.nt of Britiih Columbia
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
" McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
https://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.bcfed.1-0345332/manifest

Comment

Related Items