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British Columbia Federationist Feb 20, 1925

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i 10 A L
Are We to Tolerate Present Sys
tem of Production and Distribution?  By No Means.
Socialism Must Appeal to People
Running Businesses—Sympathetic Co-operation.
rVHE idea that we can establish
the cooperative oom mon wealth,
either by force of ballots or bullets,
or a judicious mixture of both these
powerful influences, needs some examination. Many people can imagine
socialism established and in working
order who have very hazy notions of
how it can be brought about.
Horbert Spencer taught ub that
society is an organism; in fact, a
vory delicate organism in its modern
development, and the experience of
Russia shows that he was right
Russia was in a comparatively low
state or organization as compared
with Canada or the United StateB,
with a blggor percentaage of farmers and fewer industries, yet the
shook of the revolution destroyed a
large part of the population, disorganized its communications and produced untold misery. I am not discussing whether the revolution was
worth while, or whether it has accomplished much, for the present, or
future Russians. Neither need we
discuss who caused the trouble and
first used force, we may safely assume that where an effort to expropriate property is made, however
justifiable, either by counting of
votes or firing of bullets, it will be
furiously resisted, and I for one believe that it will, In the long run,
be successfully resisted.
What then remains? Does this
mean that wo are to He down and
accept injustice and slavery? That
we are to tolerate the present system
of production and distribution with
its frightful consequences.. By no
Our troubles arise from two simple
First. Wo have made it possible
for our citizens to dodge their fair
share of the necessary work, and a
large part of our population is so
Second. We are very badly organized; in fact, a mob instead of an Industrial army.
Our problem then Is; To challenge
each individual ln the nation to find
out what they are doing and what
they are consuming.
Then we must proceed to organize
ourselves better, for the better we
are organized the more effective our
work will be, and the more time each
Individual will secure for his or her
own use and enjoyment.
Wo must strive first for JUSTICE.
Each individual must be required to
pay his or her way; and, wc believe,
that in a well-organ Ued society, a
person of moderate tastes and simple
habits can do his or her share easily,
Now these Ideas will appeal to any
good man of business; he may not
liko them personally, for very likely |
they will conflict with his present I
business habits, for which, nevertheless, he personally has had little
responsibility. Like Topsy, In "Uncle
Tom's Cabin," he has "Just growed.'
If you talk to the average man,
be he rich or poor, of Labor seizing
the factories, railroads or farms, and
proceeding to run them, he will most
likely fly off the handle. If you talk!
to him of the government taking over
tho industries, he will proceed to give
you specimens of government incompetency and muddling, and probably
get the best of tho argument,
But lf you point out the vast numbers of young poople crowding into
the professions; and the fact, that we
are raising more criminals and useless pooplo than farmers ln Cannda,
and ask him what his own sons and
daughtors are doing, or Intend doing,
.vou will get hfs intorest. Tor thero
are few parents who are not worrying about their children's future.
1 have very great "sympathy with
the peoplo who are not socialists; it
is a very hard struggle to hold my
faith mysolf, when I hear wild proposals put forward for bringing it
about, by people who have little conception of society, or modern business. Socialism must appeal to the
people who are running businesses,
and ■ get their sympathetic cooperation, and it can do so, for very few
people are satisfied with things as
they are. Probably even President
Harding adoptod his battle cry of
"Back to Normalcy" because he could
see no solution of the nation's problems, rather than that he wns a
wicked old conservative and "tool" of
the "money powers."
Let us remember that he said that
In the next war "all wealth as well
as all the people must be conscripted." Lot us reply that ln these desperate timeB of peace every citizen
should be mndo to do some useful
work, enough to replace what he or
she has consumed.
"He   that   will   not   work   neither
shall he eat," wrote the Tentmaker
of Tarsus.     "Bear ye  one another's
burdens," said the Carpenter of Naz
Slip your burdens onto Bome other
0*. <V * Early.  Seats Will Be at a Premium
Will be the speaker at the ROYAL THEATRE,
SUNDAY EVENING, February* 22, at 8 o'clock.
Prof. Nearing has an international reputation as a
lecturer and debater. No student of economics can afford
to miss this opportunity.
Special collection to defray expenses.
PROF. NEARING will speak at the Open Forum, First Congregational Church, Sunday, 3 p.m., on "The New Social Religion."
Listen in if you can't come.
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
Seamen's Strike—Thirty-eight ships,
representing a gross tonnage of sixty
thousand, have been recently tied up
In various Australian ports by the
strike of the Australian Seaman's
Cuba '
Surplus Labor Absorbed—Surplus,
labor, especially in the rural districts,
has been practically absorbed with]
the commencement of the sugar-har-i
vesting season. j
England [
Shortage of Builders—The Corpora-;
tlon of Manchester, which received
authority to build 5,984 houses, has
experienced difficulty in building pro-
gross on account of the shortage of
operatives In the building industry,
which It is said, contains about half
the number of tradesmen that were
available twenty-one years ago.
Douarnenez.—Before settlement, on
January 8, 1925, the strike of men
and women workers in the fish-preserving establishments and metal- can
factories had practically thrown the
entire population of Dounrnenez out
of employment,
German y
Tram Fare Reduction Postpond.—'
The proposed reduction in tram rates,
announced to take place on January
1, 1925, has been posponed because
of increased wage demand of tram
railway employees.
Unemployment at Bremen.—On
January 3, 1925, 4,180 persons were
registered In Bremen as unemployed,
this number helng approximately one-
half of tho total one year ago.
Skilled Labor Shortage.—Foundries
and machine shops of Mexico are reported to have heen handicapped by
lack of competent skilled laborers,
many of whom have been drawn into transportation occupations paying
higher wages.
Unemployment.—Latest unemployment reports from Poland show an
increase. In one month the number
of idle roso from  144,800 to  150,181).
I»r. Curry's Lecture
This Friday evening the subject
will be: "Our Savage Survivals and
tho Evolution of the Mind." Meeting
Will bo held ln C. P. hall, 6(16 Homer
street. Community singing at 7:30
LnlHir In the Umpire
The New Zealand Labor party
public ownership programme Includes
a state bank with ultimate exclusion
of private banking, state farms, state
ownod shipping, state Insurance, and
state-owned coal mines and factories.
Heavy  Damages — Secretary  of,
Organization Wins Action in
Supreme Court.
For slandering William Henry
Donaldson, secretary-treasurer of the
Federated Seafarers' Union of Brit,
ish Columbia, 318 Cordova street
west, the defendant, Gregor Camp^
bell, business agent of the Sailors
Union of the Pacific, 305 Cambie
street, was assessed in $500 damages
and costs by Mr. Justice Morrison,
Although Campbell had filed au
appearance and statement of defense, he did not attend nor was he
represented at the trial Monday.
F. Donnelly, fireman on the steamer Amur, testified that Campbell had
said to him, in the presence of other
seamen: "What is the use of belonging to a scab organiaztlon when Donaldson can't account for $700 of the
Campbell subsequently made a similar statement to G. Faulkner of the
steamer Princess Mary, but the latter
testified that he retorted, in the
language of the fo'castle, that the
business agent was a "bit of a liar,
The plaintiff testified that since
Campbell had spread the slander, the
annual receipts of the Federated Seafarers' Union -of British Columbia
had   fallen  off about $1400.
"There was unquestionably a slan
der," stated  Mr. Justice  Morrison.
Mr, J. P. Hogg was counsel for
If we could secure for all men the
liberty to work, to produce, fear of
unemployment and the unemployed
would no longer force the worker to
accept a "living" wage.—Col. J.
Wedgewnod,  M. P.
Knew  What  Armaments  Were
For—England Spends Millions
on Army and Navy.
"Hat Night" Voted a Success;
Meeting Tonight—W. Ross
Acting Secretary.
The Junior Labor Lengue held a
very interesting "Hat-night" Inst Friday evening. Those present thoroughly enjoyed the discussion of the
vurlous subjects, and are looking forward to spending more time on some
of the moat interesting questions at
the next educational meeting.
The monthly business moeting will
be held tonight nt 883 Twenty-
seventh avenuo east .South Vancouver,
The League is losing the services
of Its secretary, Mr. George Mitchell,
who Is moving to another district
and will be unable to carry on,
Mr. W. nees,'0262 Chester street,
phone Fraser 551L, is acting as secretary for the present.
fellow's  shoulders  ls the  maxim  of
Young Canada.
"Do, do, my Huckleberry do. Do
others, oi' they'll do you," laughed
Mark Twain.
Spoken Many Years Ago, Have
Peculiar Interest in Light of
Present Conditions.
I.From Halifax Citizen* (Labor)]
"Driven from the civilized markets
of (lie world; steadily aud every year
finding: Iter exports to those markets
dot reusing, she hjk'ihI* millions on her
army and millions on her nnvy to
forco her goods aud her wares and
her merchandise into Ihe uncivilized
markets of the' world."
■TiHESE arc not the words of the
Citizen. Thev were uttered*" by
Sir Charles 11. Tupper some twenty-
five years ago in reference to England,
and they showed that he had a pretty good Idea of the real object of huge
navies and armies, which are a crushing burden upon the struggling masses of workers in  England.
It Ir markets, markets, markets;
trade, trade, trade; money, money,
monoy, that Ih behind all the armaments and one of the chief causes of
all wars.
If thc same efforts were made und
the same money spent to mako each
country more self-contained and more
fit to live in, there would be vastly
different conditions to those which
prevail at present,
Had Canada spent tho money upon
thc sane development of this country
which was wasted in the war we
would now have a country abounding
with prosperity, instead of a poverty-
stricken, debt-burned land.
And what hfls England gained b.v
all this spending of millions? She is
as much in need of "markots" todny
as when Sir Charles Tupper spoke,
and she is now preparing for further
expedltures on armaments greater
thnn over before,
Yet hor people groan and suffer
more and more as the years go by,
but thoy have lo meekly submit in
this terrible Im position by professional militarists, backed by the capitalists, who know very well that thc
burden has to be borne by tho workors and producers.
[By Our Peripatetic Pagan] j
tor of Unity, Chicago) is very
hopeful for the success of, and development of, the Levinson program
for the outlawry of war. This idea,
recently only a phase, Is now sweeping the states. He claims that each
of the three parties in the American
presidential election campaign practically endorsed outlawry. The program and scheme for its activities we
are not yet ln possession of, but any
movement in this direction Is good.
There will be lots of opposition to
it, of course, because lt is a practical
lining up with what socialism has
been telling the world for years past.
The active workers of this Levinson
movement, all socialists here and
everywhere, all teachers—educational
and religious—must emphasize all
the time the horrors, cruelties, degra-
tion, suffering, destruction wrought
by wars, and the appalling imbecility
of it all. Is there . ever any good
from it ? Have wars ever settled
anything for the good and advancement of humanity? Further, remember the horror which innocent civilian populations will be treated with
In a future war with'the added terrors of air potentialities.
* •    *
It would be a fine thing if Mrs.
Hose Henderson's articles on "Women and the Game of War" were
re-printed in pamphlet form and distributed broadcast. Here is a chance
for Bome millionaire socialist to take
this idea up and—do it. I don't
know quite where to look for one
(millionaire socialist), but if this
should catch his eye—well! there
you are.
Our Vancouver press is perturbed
at the truth being printed in European papers about the state of the
labor market here and scent a "communist organization financed mainly
by Russia in an internationally-
directed opposition to emigration.'"
How utterly ridiculous; the truth
about the real state of affairs here
filters through to the old countries,
and they know a great deal more
than some of the citizens of our city
appear to know. They know that
there are bread queued lined up ln
our cities, and they know and our
comrades know, that theis clamour
for more emigrants is that the ruling
caste may be supplied with cheap
* *      ■.
Talk about the Atlantic freight
troubles, can you beat this, quoted in
an old country paper: "Freight ls
carried from Newport to Calcutta for
38 shillings per ton, but the same
companies carry the same clnss of
freight from Antwerp to Calcutta for
13 shillings and seven-pence." This
is a serious enough handicap
British trade, yet, although questions
have been raised in parllument, the
good tory government which before
tlie election swore to finish up profiteers, now refuses to lake action.
* •    <*
Campbell-Bannerm'an doubtless had
in mind the ideal that the laud must
be made national proporty and used
solely for nutional purposes, when he
said "the' land must be used as a
treasure ground for the poor Instead
of a pleasure ground lor the rich."
* *    *
How's this for profiteering? This
cut from a London paper: "Iceland
cod wurs landed last week in Hull at
two pence and three farthings per
pound. Iu London it was sold at ono
shilling and six pence per pound."
Land sharks at the flsh! Of course,
such a thing could not happen here
in   British  Columbia!
Well, let's be hopeful that thc time
is coming
"When man to man the world o'er
Shall brithers be. for a' that."
Friday _!0tli! "Fed" day. Read,
murk, learn and Inwardly digest it.
and exhale it to your friends and
MANY requests have been made to this paper to have
the articles on thc farming situation, by George Sterling, printed in pamphlet form. Orders have even come in,
in anticipation. We anticipate complying with the request,
and we would appreciate others sending in their orders in
advance so that we might the better estimate the number
required to be printed.
A new pamphlet will be off the press shortly. It is
entitled, "Woman and the Game of.,.War," by Mrs. Bose
Henderson. No woman can afford to not read it. It is
startling, and frank, and contains a wealth of information
for every earnest student of war and its causes.
There are still some pamphlets left on "Russia Today"
and "Some Startling Disclosures on Child Immigration."
Prices 10 cents and 5 cents, respectively. Send in your
Mr. Crocker Lectures on Dublin
Arts Club—Subject Next
At the last meeting of the club, held
in the woman's building, 752 Thurlow
Street, a most Interesting address waB
delivered by Mr. A. C. Crocker, lately
from Ireland. He traced the history
of the Dublin Arts club through its
various experiences, and dealt with
the persons more or less Instrumental
In carrying lt on. He avoided, as far
as possible, bringing in politics into
his discussion, although in passing he
pointed out the part that politics and
feelings they engendered, played in
Influencing the destiny of the club.
He stated further, that Ireland like
the individual, while oppressed, and
while resenting that oppression were
unable to develop their art and liter-
a ture to anything like the extent that
she otherwise would, were she freo.
Miss Ramsey delighted the members with a very pleasing rendering
of two Irish songs. Miss O. Planta accompanied.
At the next meeting of tlie club to
he held on Friday evening, February
20th, at the Women's Building, Mr.
James Taylor Is to address them on
"Burns: The People's Poet." Appro
prlate Scottish music will be pro
vlded for the occasion. All those In
forested are invited to come. A short
time will be taken up with discussion
of the lecture, and members are invited to give short reviews of any recent books they mny have read, that
they think might be of interest to
other members of tho club. Semi
nnnual fees $1.0(1.
Get your workmate to subscribe for
Die Federationist,
Federated Labor Party Making
Steady Progress—Mrs. Jamie*
son on World Peace.
Member for Centre Winnipeg Delivers Important Speech in
Although there has been a decrease
lu trade union mcmbci'sship during
the post ton years, we huve not suffered sueh losses as the Society of
Kings, Kaisers and Kmpcrors.—W. E.
Sansom, president of the Newport,
Fug..  Trades council..
(S. \v, Burnaby Branch)
At 1. 0. 0. F. Hall, McKay
Friday, February 27," 1925
Commencing Prompt nt 8 p.m.
Seven-Piece Orchestra Dancing
Refrenh meats
Collection to Dpfrny KxpoiiHcn
Speakers of the Evening:
l-Ynnk    Browne,    M.L.A.,    Mrs.
Bose Henderson and  Dr.
Lyle Telford
Hearty   Invitation   to   All   LaborlteB
and Sympathizers
Election of Officers and Committee—President, Jack Logie;
Secretary, P. 0. Minnich.
(From Our Own Correspondent)
CUMMERLAND, 13. C, Feb. 18.—
^ Summerland Local. Federated
Labor Party, had the pleasure nf hearing Mrs. J. Stuart Jamleson. secretary or the Women's International
League (if Peace and Freedom, speak
on "World Peace" at the last weekly
meeting. Mrs. Jamleson completed
a very suecensful lour of the valley
ami made a nood impression In Summerland.
The Local has been making steady
progress and growing in interest and
membership, A social evening Is held
every alternate Monday and an interest ing program of speeches and
discussions has been ben provided
during the winter motuhs. A deabte,
"Resolved that India is ready for
Self-government," will be a feature
later In February, and plans for the
"summer school" are already undor
discussion. The session will last from
August HJ-30 and, under the direction of Mrs. Rose Henderson, will
furnish no intellectual syllabus as
well us an attractive holiday. Full
particulars of tbe summer Hchool will
be  published later.
The election of officers Which was
held  recently resulted  ns follows:
President, Jack Logie; vice-president, A, J. Hecr; secretary-treasurer,
P. O, Minnich; auditor, It. A. Eckers-
ley; social committeo, Mrs. V, .1.
Bernard, Mrs. T. Koch and 13. Wilde.
Women Must Make a Study of
Problem Towards Its
I By Lucy L. Woodsworth]
My amazement at the absurdity of
our present business system only in
creases as the months.pass. This
morning, as I went along the street,
I thought again, how stupid! A man
must risk his tiny all on a few pails
of candy, tilt them forward In the
window and wait ln the hope that I
and three or four more of the passers by may come in and buy ten
cents or a quarter's worth.
The next window bears a large
sign telling me that a sale Ib now on.
I am assured that this man is selling his goods below cost. Well, if
he is telling the truth, why should
he have to do this? Nothing in the
appearance of the place suggests
that he is able to afford to buy
goods for me without remuneration.
So much for the seller, what about
us buyers? For ls it not we women
who must spread the family Income
over the family needs? When all Is
said and done the people in the
shops have to livo by our spending,
and, they must try to induce us to
buy; but we say continually that we
cannot be suro that we are getting
just tlie thing for which we ure paying. Wc are hampered, too, by the
faet, that If we buy on say Friday,
whether it is most inconvenient for
us to go shopping or not, we can
save a few cents on certain specified
lines of goods. Furthermore, when
the January sales are on, if we buy
goods that we shall not need until
next November, we would seem to
be saving dollars, the discomfort and
some monetary aspects to be left unconsidered.
When we start thinking along these
lines we travel straight to the recognition of the fact, that our present
system Is stupidly inadequate. Great
changes must come, and to this end
we must constantly bend our energies. In the meantime, howover, one
intelligent next step is open to us;
we should organize our buying-co-
operativel.v. In Canada, already people are profiting by the cooperatives
that they have managed to establish.
Their experience Is now available for
use by the rest of us, An outstanding example of success Is that of,the
cooperative store in North Sydney,
N. p, It must, however, be confessed
that on the whole It hus proved ex-
extremely difficult to establish cooper-
atlve enterprises In Canada, And
why.' Because tho powers thai are
lined up against any auch movement
are too formidable, the department
stores, the chain stores, the whole
question of credit, and the close understanding between Ihe retail and
wholesale     businesses.     So     wo     are
driven back to the pressing need for
a fundamental change. We women
must make a study of the whole
problem and what our part Is to be
In working towards its solution,
Help the press that's helping
you. The daily, capitalist press
is no friend of yours, comrade!
Why help it?
Labor cannot secure power to gov-
rn until the tollers in tho rural
■arts of Britain are pcrsunded to
upport  the   labor  party   even   more
Decidedly Not One Representative of the Qreat Masses of
the People.
[From Hansard of February 10]
Winnipeg): Whatever else may
be said with regard to the Speech, lt
probably indicates fairly well the
policy of the government—a policy
which we must say consists very
largely in the enunciation of som*
vague generalities rather than In the
bringing forward of concrete proposals; a policy which perhaps gives the
appearance of activity while actually
marking time; a policy which resorts
to the use of catch words without
advancing any definite solutions for
the new and pressing problems that
face us at the present time. Indeed,
I think we might go further and say
that thie policy even fails to recognise these new and pressing problems. It is Interesting to note that
a conference Is being suggested to
deal with the question of the senate,
and possibly to consider wider revisions of the British horth America
act. Whether this conference between the dominion and the provincial governments will achieve any
further results than have been attained by other conferences of a similar character, remains to be seen.
There is not the slightest doubt,
however, that, as we tried to- point
out lost year, there ls an urgent need
of a revision of the British North
America act. This has been brought
very forcibly to our attention by the
recent decision of the Privy Council
touching the Industrial Disputes Investigation act, which decision must
have very far reaching effects indeed. Much of the dominion legislation as it now stands on the statute
books may well be called In question;
an appeal might show that it is ultra
vires of the dominion parliament.
Further this decision may handicap
us ln this houso in trying to place
any progressive legislation on the
statute books, Inasmuch as we are at
an utter loss to know what is and
What is not within the power of the
dominion parliament at the present
time, Without laying oiame on any
one government, the fact Is that our
constitution, which was drawn up
nearly sixty years ago, was framed
at a time when conditions differed
very fundamentally from the condition sthat exist today. I am not reflecting in any sense whatever on the
Fathers of Confederation whon l
state that some change Is necessary.
There is no doubt at ull that they
did the best they could to provide
for the needs of their day; but their
day ls not our dny, nnd If we wish
to be true to them we must do in
our day what thoy did in theirs—
make such necessary changes as shall
provide for the needs of our own
times. It would be ubsurd to imagine that private business could be
conducted today in precisely the same
way thut private business was conducted sixty years ago. When we
think of all the modern inventions
that have been Instituted, the modern
complicated organization of industry
and commerce and finance, it Is absurd to think of going back to the
methods of sixty years ago. Vet we
In Canada in the conduct of public
business are practically confined to
an instrument that was created so
long ago.
With regard to conditions In general in Canada, the Prime Minister
(Mr. Mackenzie King) declared hurt
night that we might Well listen to
What the bankers had tn say. It
seems tu me that he was quite right
In that, because under the existing
financial arrangements tho bankers
can very largely decide what the conditions shall bo, Jf tbey decide that
there Is to be another wave or pros-
perlty at the present time. I have no
doubt that the wave of prosperity is
already under way. But It may ho
said, nevertheless, that even they are
unable to decide, under the economic
conditions that prevail, whether prosperity will remain for any time. The
Speech tells us that for Cnnada tho
year 1B24 was a period of substantial proRress. Listen to what, one of
the bank managers has had to say—
and the Prime Minister did not quote
him. Sir Frederick Williams-Taylor,
tho general manager at the Bank of
Montreal,  at  the  annual   meeting,  to
"Certified Seed Potatoes — Why
They Will Pay'—Varieties and
Quantities For Sale.
The department of agriculture of
British Columbia have issued two
circulars—one entitled "Certified Seed
Potatoes—Why They Will Pay," the
other a list of thc varieties and quantities of certified seed potatoes being
offered for -sale by the various associations. This latter in issued by thejwhfl'h tho PrIme Minister did refer,
British Columbia Certified Seed Pota-I Hlli(l:
lo Growers' association. !     MV view. In brief, of tlie situation
The object of the departmental cli'-|Ifl that business generally In  Canada
Milar on coHlfied seed potatoes Is to|
show the value of using such seed for
planting, It points out that many of
the Important potato diseases cannot
be observed on or in tbe tuber nnd
hence the necessity for purchasing
seed from fields which have been Inspected. As the time of year is near
.it hnnd when people will bo purchasing seed potatfies'thesp circulars will
be most useful to potato growers. For
further In formal ion, write C, Tlce,
fccretnry B. C. Certified Seed Potato
fully   than   Industrial   workers   have i Growers'   association,   department   of
already done.—J. R, Clynes, M.P.       [agriculture, Victoria, B. C.
Is unsatisfactory, but with some
bright spots. This expression of
opinion may not be popular, but lt
seems to me much better to look tbe
mntter squarely In the faco tban to
allow ourselves to be led astray by
popular delusions. That general trade
Is dull, to put jt mildly, is no delusion. Many nf our Industries are
running on half time, with dimishod
profits or no profits at all. Taxation
Js heavy to an extent which discourages new enterprises. The coBt of
living is high and om- population In
(Continued on page 2) PAGE TWO
FRIDAY February 20,  1925.
British Columbia Federationist
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federationist
Baaiaeu end Editorial Oftee, 1120 Howw St
The pulley
•ontrollt-d by
orated Labor
of The B. C. FederationiBt li
the editorial board of the Fed-
Party of British Columbia.
sign,   93.00
year, $150
■Bribing in
Rate: United States and For-
per year; Canada, $2.60 per
for ilx montha; to Unions sub-
a body,   16*.  per member per
The  FederatlonUt ia  on  iale at tha  foi
lowing news standi:
B. J. OALLOWAY 940 QranTiUa Street
  1071 OrtBTiUi Strwt
P. O. NEWS STAND S15 OreartUe Mnil
JOHN GREEN  ***** OamOl Straal
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 ...Oor. OarraU and Huttnga MMta
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 136 Hastliifi Straet Birt
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 Oor. Haitingi and Abbott Streeta
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tives were anything like real representatives they would have, at least,
seen to it that these two wonderful
natural assets had been capitalized
for the benefit of the people, whose
they ure  by every rigni.
We cannot help but wonder when
i these—so-called — representatives ar«
going to learn to do their duty by
thoso they serve and retain for them
their birthright. Little, it seems, do
they realize the sacredness of the
trust with which they have been
entrusted for the children of the
coming generations.
^~ZZ 204 Eighth ATI. W.. Oalgary
c nvui.	
...109 Eighth An. W., Oalgary
UNION OIOAR STAND .........-•—•-»-," M
 110 Second Street ».. Oalgary
FBIDAY February  20,  1925
TVTO one class of human beings ie
being more ruthlessly exploited
than our farmer comrades. The>
realize that oonditions, so far as they
are concerned, are becoming almost
Intolerable. In spite of Arthur Brisbane's editorial the other day, where
he said that 90% or so of the Canadian farmers own their own farms,
the statement that 90% of the farms
of Canada are owned and controlled
by the mortgage holders, would be
more in keeping with the facts.
Their chief product is being gambled ln of late to a tremendous extent. Millions have been made by a
crowd of parasitic brokers, while the
farmers are growing poorer and
poorer, Any system that allows such
tactics as theso to continue, is worthy
only ot a crowd of lunatics, and that
is putting it mildly. We cannot help
but wonder how long the farmers are
going to stand for euch tactics.
At thc recent convention in the
city, we eaw where some well-meaning farmer—If he wasn't the tool of
some political machine—urged upon
the convention the need of seeking
new markets for their produce. We
wonder if they ever thought of the
wonderful market we have right at
home here, if everyone could only get
sufficient employment to enable them
to supply themselves and their dependents with the necessities of life,
which, by the wuy, is what the
farmer seeks to sell,
Why are tipples rotting on the
ground out In the country, while wo
have to pay nbout Ii cents a piece
in the city? This question might be
applied to every other commodity
that the farmer handles. Certainly
It Is high time that something be
done, and dune intelligently.
TVTK were quite interested in the
reported deal of a California
multl-milllonnire, whero it was stuted
he hnd purchased a small island near
Victoria. He Is to spend several millions in making It a resort for pleasure seekers from the south.
Again, we were Interested in the
proposed development of GrouBn
mountain as n wonderful summer
and winter resort. It is, undoubtedly,
wonderfully adapted, and located for
such an arrangement,
All this may bo purely "paid"
newspaper talk. There are varied
und insidious schemes pulled off by
our capitalist friends to enable them
to gain their own ends. Thero Is very
little tbey will stop at, Again It may
be a soft of "sedative" talk, to koep
the restless, under employed and unemployed creatures quiet for a time.
Keeping thom In nn expectant mooii
will serve to keep thein quiet, although many ure getting wise to it
at that.
If, in tho above mentioned instances,    our   parliamentary   representa-
POLITICIANS, we are told, are
smashing the empire to smithereens, "leading Canada away from the
The same politicians, mark you,
who but yesterday whooped it up for
the empire "the glorious empire."
"The Inst dollar and the last' man"
Tho unruly Miss Canada, has "disregarded the British ambassador at
Washington" in the Croat Lakes negotiations. "Sho has made separate
treaties," "and has refused to give
Westminister the right to sign the
Halibut treaty jointly."
We fear this unruly young woman
has been Imbibing, but not bootleg,
but bolshevist literature and influencing the poor gullible politicians.
We hold no brief for thc politicians
as every Intelligent person knows,
they are merely the lackeys of the
invisible government. Servants of the
men higher up, who nominate them,
pay their election expenses, and lend
their press to befuddle, corrupt, and
stampede the electorate, Into voting
for them—no matter how bad their
record. No, the politicians in this
case are merely the tools—the pegs
for tho others fellows on which to
hang their second hand clothing, and
one must seek the cause elsewhere.
Blessed be the English language,
it can be used to cover up and explain
the most delicate and subtle political
complications. In the earlier history
of our empire we "captured territory"
we "conquered backward peoples,"
and "subdued savage tribes," "enemies to progress and the empire," reluctantly through "force" "the might
of our glorious armies," but we did so
"for the sake of the people themselves," und to "spread the gospel."
We are more civilized now. The
time has become mellowed wilh age.
We "mandate" these unhappy people
into the bosom of our culture, establish "protectorates" over their property, and show them a picture of tne
glories of imperialism by sending
troops 6o protect them trom the foreign enemy.
in like manner, the word annexation has become mstusieful*, "lhe
people of Canada wouldn't hear oi
There is a more statesman-like way
of doing things, a surer method, the
method of "peacful penetration," "absorption" through loans, und whether
cite people ot Canada like it or noL,
chey and Canada are in pawn lo Wail
direct, New l'ork.
Before 1914, British capital dominated Canadian Institutions, the voice
ot Downing street wus supreme; but
today this is changed and it matters
not whether it be King, Meighan,
dourin or Lapoime who speaks, they
are merely the echo, the voice of their
musters in Wall street. This is us it
..ere, the reuson why Promier King
initiated direct personal negotiations
with the United Slates government*,'
The voice of Wall street is supreme
in Canada today, and it will take mure
ban newspaper prattle, and resolutions from the Daughters of thc Empire to change the natural currents
of  capitalist evolution.
Unless Henry Dubb buckles on the
armour, and chases Uncle Sam out,
we tear Canada will be led further,
and further away from the empire.
chair. At a press club banquet, in
answer to the toast of the "Independent Press," iie j_uid:
"There is no such thing In America
as an independant Press. You know
it, and I know it. There is not one
of you who would dare write his honest opinion, and if he did you woul.i
know beforehand it would never appear in print, I am paid 150 dollars
per week to keep my honest opinions
out of the papers 1 am connected
with. Others of you are paid similar
salaries for similar work. The business of the journalist is to destroy tbe
truth, to lie outright, to pervert, to
vllofy, to fawn at tbe feet of Mammon,
and to sell himself, bis country and
his race for bis daily bread. You
know tills, and I know it, and what
folly is this to be toasting an Independant Press! We are the tools and
vassals of rich men behind the scenes.
We are jumping jacks—they pull the
string, and we dance. Our talents
are possibilities, and our lives are the
property of these men. WE ARE
Y'et knowing thoso facts the masses
of workers and their families continue to support this press, tho most
potent factor making for thcir continued slavery.
When u strike breaks out, the press
feeds the public with the most lurid
stories of tho beastliness of the working mun, the injustice of his cause,
his extravagance, intemperance, and
inmorallty. No He Is too foul to
spread, so as to prejudice the public
against him, but the irony of It all is
when wo realize that these lies are
written by the sons and daughters of
working men, set up by good union
typesetters, sold and distributed by
the working class, supported and read
by the working class.
If when hard times come, there is
only money enough to bring one pa
per where a daily and weekly labor
paper was taken heretofore—the la
bor paper in cancelled and the mas
ter's daily retained.
If labor would get out from under
their masters' papers for one month
it could, and would not continue. The
labor movement will never grow
either politically or Industrially until
it owns and supports its own press.
If a press Is necessnry for the ruling
class to maintain their power, it is
doubly necessary to the working class
to obtain power. If labor cannot own
and run ils own press, how can it
hope to convince the public of its
ability to run society? Cease buying
the slave press; buy the free press of
1.. -*l__,-ll*tl*ti.L*l'l     X'l\t_--      (',')
GliiUJUAUUn Uie Iliuii lu Lite birec-.
is being convinced "ot two iuctt_
arunig the press. That it is unrc-
naule and used to enslave him menially the more sure to enslave him
physically, also lhal ii is neither public, nor upinlon.
Tho press is privately owned by the
.aimers, manuiuoiurerft, anu the big
;orporations, 'lhe daily press dues
not reflect public opinion, it makes
and mouuis n„ garbles and distorts ii
to suit tho purpose oi the owners. The
press hus become Hie most powerful
weapon in modern times for tlie en-
entont of mankind. The press
lords  munufucturu  "public opinion."
Guiding and moulding the herd instinct has become as much of un industry as the making of cannon, beer,
and   boots.
Through tbo power of the press nations are swayed for good or ill  (usually thc latter).   Statesmen are made
and   unmade  over  night,   one   sot   of
politicians ure swept Into power, and
nether out.    Scandals In high places
are    whitewashed,    If    nut    glorified.
Millionaire bag men and men who uso
heir public ofi'lce to loot banks, boost
Industrial   enterprises,   and   steal   the
national resources, are oxhonoratedi
The press Is lbe sordid, putrid tool
t capitalism, nnd the editors but the
nderllngs, the paid mercenaries re-
i.rding  I heir  "masters' voices."
John Suinton, late editor of the
New York Times, had the cournge to
lift tbe curtain and lot tho public
glimpse tho power behind the editor's
[Note—As many enquiries reach
this offlce from time to time, the editor will reserve space to deal with
such matters, under the above heading. Communications addressed to
"Notes and Queries Editor" will be
handled as quickly as spake permits.
ARETHUSA—Perhaps the British
naval authorities do not allow socialistic papers to be delivered on board
H. M. S'a, and maybe the reason
why your friend does not get the
"Feds" you send him.
SON OF ITALY—There does not
seem to be much news of any sort
coming through as to doings of Mussolini and the Fascitl. We fear our
socialist comrades are having far
from a good time there. International agreemnt and unity of workers
the world over will only help.
A. T. CHARLTON—Will try and
get some data and figures on your
query, but it is hard to arrive at
even an approximate estimate of how
many "male workers" have gone to
the U, S. during 1924, The number
ts extremely alarming because the
powers that be seems anxious. Whether those who have gone south will
be better off in the end, is hard to
J. G. WALTON—Thanks for long
letter, (a) Thc churches all should
come out strong for socialism. Will
take up this and other matters you
refer to shortly, (b) Differences between various sections and views of
labor are not altogether an evil, the
general platform is probably strengthened thereby In the general action
for tho forward movement of socialism.
all accounts many of the farms which
will be loaded on to the unsuspecting
settlers from Britain ure those vacated by returned men und many of
these may be practically useless.
"O *^'^ tne man who does no
work and thinks, becauso he's
rich, his car should take tho good
hard pike while flivvers tako the
ditch. For no one lives to himself
alone, and nobody dies that way; he
has needed help and he will again,
however strong todny. Some woman
brought him into life, In danger und
pain of birth, and some one else will
carry him out and bury him in the
earth. O, you may walk with a lordly
tread so straight you backward lean,
but you noed help In birth or death
and all the lime between. The world
has need of manly men whose heads
und heafts are high, but only he who
serves his kind may look them eye to
eyo. The man who tolls may wear
patched pants and a shabby last year's
hat, but lot us see In him, like Burns,
a mnn for all of that. I shun the man
who Holdom bathes and stinks too
much of sweat, but smells of perfumed Idleness to mo nre ranker yet.
The man who eats and wears out
pants, bul does no honest labor, ho
Is a cootie and a flea blood-sucking
on his neighbor, r do not caro how
groat his wealth, how freely ho may
givo, there Is no olher coin but work
that buys the right to live."—Klwanis
•heirs  Apparent—Life  as  the
Young Idea Sees it."  McClelland &
Stewart,  publishers.    Price  $2.
^PHIS most interesting book is one of
A Philip Gibbs' latest. Most people
have recollections of the author's wartime writings, and no doubt his other
novels are very widely read. The
outstanding characteristic of his book
Is his attitude toward life. One might
say it was almost Shakespearian, in
that the author does not impose his
own personality; rather he seeks to
portray life as it is with a commendable degree of moderation. If his
personality does show through his
writings, one is tempted to think that
ho believes In moderation above all
things; that his position will always
bo the "Middle of tbo Hoad," and
that rightly or wrongly, he regards
all existence as a compromise. The
book takes the form of a novel, dealing with English life today us lived by
some of the young. In fact, it is a
study of the "young idea". And Ju
Han Perryan and his crowd represent
the young ideu. They are university
folks, just emerging from the hallowed at mosphere of sleepy old Oxford ; just shedding its ancient traditions and the "culture" of byegone
ages—not altogether despising the
lore of half-forgotten races, except
when they are held up as necessities.
They are just perceiving lhat life—
real life—lies beyond; that lt is not
all a jolly adventure. And, above all,
they are learning to be critical. Thus
does Julian criticise the university
system, "There's nothing in it—for
me. I'm not one of your ruddy athletes, all brawn and no brain; and
I've no further Interest in the life and
letters of Erasmus, the economic conditions of England nt the time of the
black death, and the political issues
of the 'thirty years' war'." It's u bit
stule after our late little strife.
As far as the war Is concerned,
Philip Gibbs' characters have very decided opinions, especially those for
whom civilization could flnd no other
use apparently. One of them who
had been a "wing commander" and
flown over German battlefields before
he was nlnteen, found he could not
settle down to tame office work, even
when it was to be found. By most
respectable people he was regarded
as an outcast. Yet he hadn't changed in the very least. "It was only
that the world had changed, and the
qualities useful for war, didn't seem
adapted to peace." Yet there was a
lot of good stuff ln the boy, "If England had only given him half a chance.
Boredom was sapping his very soul."
Eventually he found his salvation, or
rather an outlet for his creative in
stlnct, in strawberry gardening. In-
cidently, other people discovered the
same, and after years of being bored
with the leisured life of the aristocracy, found even work interesting,
Thnt is to say creative work. The
"young idea" received quito a shock
when he realizes what a dirty game
the newspapers played. Perryam's
father Is the editor of one of those
papers which appeal to mob instinct.
He is a "bought man"; ho has risen
in society and attained a certain standard of living, because he carried out
tho behests of the man who owned
the paper. And the worst of it is, the
editor happens to have a conscience,
and he realizes just what he is doing.
Says he, "In a way, we're all bought
men. We have to compromise with
our Ideas in order to earn a livelihood
or establish a career."
In spito of the deep contempt he
feels for Fleet street our hero eventually takes up journalism, and the
reader is introduced to the owner of
the Woek, a man suspiciously like
another whose genius led him astray
■and whose power, capable of being
used for good or bad—is now being
wasted in the solitude of a prison cell.
This    newspaper    proprietor    speaks
thus: "I know tho average man and
the average woman i inside out, and
their fundamental interests for which
I cater. The old law of supply and
demand. They demand certain things
unconsciously. I supply them. That's
why The Woek has a circulation of
two millions." And later on he says
(and one must not forget be mostly
believs ln what h.e says): "I encourage patriotism by making them
hate the enemies of their country.
I did an enormous work during the
war*. Now I'm showing them the
hostility that lurks In the American
mind against Great Britain—its envy
and greed and traditional enmity. I'm
working up a feeling ngainst France
—though I still believ in hammering
the Hun. I'm doing my best to counteract tho sloppy sentimentality of our
internationalists, and all that League
of Nations tosh." He concludes: "I
believe in 'hate'. . . t just us I believe
In Love." Moreover ho believes in
religion; whilo spiritualism, automatic writings, and faith cures have to1
be tackled as a means of circulation.
Perryam realized the irony of life
and tho irony of compromise when he
camo into doner contact with thc
staff of thc newspaper. One of them
seemed to havo been tilled with a
flame of passion against war (he had
been torpedoed twice) and he announced himself, in his leisure moments,
as an international paciflst of the
most advanced type. And the nows
editor was also of the same brand of
politics. He used to deliver tirades
against tho Junkers of Englund.
"First they wanted war in Ireland
before the bodies were cold in Flanders. Whon public opinion wouldn't
stand for it, thoy egged on Greece to
fight Turkey, and when Greece collapsed tbey very nearly hustled the
nations into a war with Turkey, so
setting the whole East aflame. But
theso are merely side-shows. What
they're really arranging, not deliberately I'll admit, not even consciously,
but as certainly as tho smuts fall in
Fleet street, is a second edition of
Armageddon." And, he continoued:
"Even the Labor party Is far more
concerned with its political machinery
and two penny halfpenny economics
than with foreign situation which is
likely to put them all into the melting pot. What's tbe use of all their
stuff—more money for teachers, an
other shilling for miners, a heavier
income tax for the idle rich—poor
devils—when another war will reduce
Europe to the level of the Roman
Empire after the barbarians had done
with It?"
In reply to our hero's incredulity,
another wiseacre answers: The press
with a few exceptions, is the enemy
of truth; the fermenter of strife. At
the present time it is largoly control
led by a small body of very rich men
who make money by playing on the
passions, the prejudices, and the ignorance of the mob. They have gained honor and profit by defending thoir
political party which Is always the
same crowd with slightly different
names—the 'Ins and tho outs.' Given
party allegiance, oil shares, rubber
shares, the wire pulling of international finance and the lowest possible
ideals, how are you going to get tho
truth," However, the author forgets
his pessimism, if it is pessislsm, when
his characters are away from the civilization they have created, and living tho "life of the road" where a
there's "a crimson touch on the hard
wood trees; a shadowy highway, cool
and brown, alluring up and enticing
down, from rippled water to dappled
swamp, from purple glory to scarlet
pomp. And the outward eye, the
quiet will, and the striding heart from
hill to hill." Or again when he bids
his readers see the dark woods with
their feathery tops, the flre of the setting sun, and tho sky with its turquoise blue and rose flushed clouds.
With the warning that life can't be
all one-sided; it cannot be all discontent or even. ... all politics
Canadian Book SheU
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers
Patronize  Federatlonist  advertisers
Canadian Indebtedness
Funded Debt
Funded Debt. Sinking   Fund                  Less
Sinking Fund
British Columbia—
Provincial    $     65,851,430 5    9,930,252
Municipal            98,761,029 12,378,747
fl 04,613.005 $22,308,999              $142,304,00 ti
Provincial    *      07,373^279 *    1,704,014
Municipal              75,414,294 12,902,130
142,787,573 ?  14,600,144            ?   128,181,421)
Provincial     $      52,808,932 $     3,613,445
Municipal            65,935,268 7,155,884
118,744,200 $ 10,709,329           $   107,974,871
Provincial     ?     67,914,095 $    2,813,873
Municipal              87,553,653 18,546,668
155,467,748 ? 21,360,541           $   134,107,207
Provincial     $   222,521,060 *    7,921,884
Municipal          341,568,018 60,000,000
,                 $564,0S9,O7S * 67,921,884           *   490,167,094
Provincial      $      55,604,926 $    2,879,074
Municipal          246,920,370 15,021,081
$802,525,802 * 17,900,755          $   284,024,447
New Brunswick—
Provincial      $      20,628,4 32 *     1,019,332
Municipal              16,043,246 2,829,800
$42,871,678 $    3,849,132          $     88,822,540
Novo Scotia—
Provincial    ,..$     24,608,374 $    1,670,426
Municipal              23.541.75" 4.084,172
$.48,150.1 OS $    5.754.598          $     42t895,508
Prince Edward Island—
Provincial     5      1,075.208 $      282.6,20
Municipal             1,500,000 250,000
ii.tT-MH i       582.62(1          $       2,042,(142
Grand   total   |ii*MM28.ntS . $165.803 208         $1,376,620,710
The above iK-urr-; nre h tfeolv to several "Queries" enquirers as to
tbo ProvlnnlaJ nnd MunMnal l-ul'-btednoss. We have to thnnk th" Ol'f-
vpns Ro*ervo Institute nf fnhafla, Toronto, for these particulars through
(he good offices of our Imhor member Mr. J, S. Woodsworth, M. P.
[By Rlenzl]   ,
POEMS, by Carroll Aikins.   Sherman,
French & Company, Boston, and
Foster Brown und Company,  St.
Catherines street, Montreal.
A LIMITED edition of the poems of
our British Columbian author
and dramatic director, Carroll Aikins,
Is now reprinted and available at the
Canadian address given above. Mr.
Aikins and his gifted wife have gained an international reputation by reason of their work at their Little Theatre, situated at Naramata, B. C. At
present, they are conducting a winter
course in drnmntlc art in Vancouver
and lovers of art are interested In tho
rumor that they intend, before re
turning to tlie Okanagan, lo produce
"The Trojan Women".
In Mr. Aikins' littlo book, abovo
mentioned, thero is some of the finest
poetry which hus come out of the
Canadian West. It Is truly a product
of our British Columbia wonderland:
savouring of the fragrance of the
open spaces and tho charm of the
valley of blue skies, brown side-hills
and sun-drenched orchards. We trust
that patrons and lovers of B. C. literature will avail themsolves of the opportunity to possess tho volume.
* * *
rington. Dodd Mead & Co., New-
TN Victoria, B. C, is resident the
author whose fiction is, from a
literary stand point, the most perfect
produced in Canada during any period
of hor growth. Readers will remember "A Chaste Diana" from the samo
pen. The present book is different—
in some ways, better. Lady Hamilton,
the "divine lady" of Romney and tbe
woman who inspired tho hero in Lord
Nelson is the central flgure in thi
novel. Trafalgar would have been
Impossible without the remarkable
woman who steeled thc hoart and
strengthened the arm of the "littlo
Admiral". This book is literature
and, in the welter of machine-made
fiction, should bo welcomed as worth
J. S. Woodsworth
(Continued from Page 1)
point,  of  numbers  is  at  a  standstill
or worse.
Here we have a frank recognition
of our heavy overhead charges, high
taxes and high cost of living, and
factories running on half time. So
far as labor is concerned, the high
cost of living and half time work
means unemployment and suffering
it involves ln its larger social aspects
sickness and crime of all sorts. Right
here in the city of Ottawa we have
had in recent months several cases
of suicide which appear to be directly
traceable to despondency owing to
lack of work. Within the last few
days thc press has been telling us
of a poor fellow who has been imprisoned in a cave and to rescue
whom every effort has beon made
and every expenditure possible incurred. Millions of people throughout the country have been Interested
ln his fate. Yet there are tens of
thousands who are suffering today
very acutely because of unemployment. I am not very much concerned whether the unemployment in
Canada is greater than the unemployment In the United States; the
fact is that unemployment exists
here and we have its consequences to
deal with. Lust autumn a conference was called by the government
to deal with this matter. That conference might almost be described
as a cruel farce. There were somo
fifty delegates representing tho dominion and provincial governments, as
well as the municipalities, the Canadian Manufacturers Association, the
Canadian bridge and construction industries,   labor,   the   Canadian   rall-
Ladies! A Carload of Wearing
Apparel at SOc on the Dollar
JUST unpacked nt tho "Famous" on
Hustings Streetl It's truo] You
can got almost anything from a Coat
to a pair of Hone nt ono-half price or
loss!    In tho Bargain Basement I
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610-023 Hutings strut West
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will Cure Tour Rheumatism, Lumbago,
Xeuritla or Bad Oold
Massage a Specialty
744 Hastings St. W.   Phone Sey. 2070
Phone Sey. 1108. 312 CARRALL ST.
Established 18B8
Byes Tested and Glasses Fitted by regis*
tered Optometrist
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Very Moderately Priced
New style Cardigan of silk
and wool, 4-button model,
with long roll collar, 2-tone
colors of tan and go 1 d,
maize and gold or grey mixture.    Special for $3.95
Also in plain knit all-wool
in tfln, taupe, white, dawn,
powder blue or natural. Speeial  $4.95
Three-button model in plain
knit, all wool, with collar
lhat buttons at neck or can
be worn open if desired;
colors tan, taupe, powder
blue or dawn. Special $4.95
—Drystlalc'B   Swimtur  Shop,
575 Granville Street
Phono Seymour 3540
ways, ami the employment services
of Canada. After all tnese delegates
had assembled, tho Minister of Lahor
stated on hehalf of tho dominion
government that nothing could be
done by the dominion. He simply,
as It wero, flourished the British
North America act and snid it was
Impossible to do anything. His
statemont Included this:
If indeed, tlio matter were one of
other than flnaacial assistance, the
participation of the Dominion government might be regarded ns interference with provincial rights.
(To bo continued.)
I am positive the British railway-
men at this stage are in no mood to
tolerate anything in tho nature of a
worsening of their oonditions, and if
the companies' claim ls persisted In
a very serious position will, I am
suro, arise.—c. T. Cramp.
Boost for
The Fed.
Phone Seymour 2364
The Enemy
Of Loneliness
1UO NEED of fooling lonely
*■* when thero Is a telephone
In your house. Through It you
can pay a visit to your friends,
whether they live three blocks
or three hundred miles away.
TJAVE yoa ever had a real drink
" of Pure Apple Older during ttat
last few years?
To meet the dtilreg of many client*,
we htve introduced recently a pore dear
■parkllng apple older lo pint bottlea,
either pure tweet or government regulation 2% hard apple elder. Theae drinki
are absolutely para and free from atl
eaabonlo aold km or preiervatiTiii nf
auy nature. Write or phone your order
today, Highland 90.
Older Manufacturer!
1186 Commercial Drive, Vaaconvar, B, 0.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 HttropoUtu B_Ud__|
897 Huttall St. W. VASOOUVEB, B. 0.
TfUphoui: Sfynonr 6688 ud 6667
1180 Oaorfla Strwt
Sunday aerTleea, 11 a.m. and 7t80 p.m
Bunday eohool Immediately following
morning letrtee. Wedneaday luitimoniel
meeting, S p.m. Free reading room,
901-003 Blrke Bldg.
THE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
'■ nt home and abroad.
Established 50 Years |PRIDAY February  20,  1925.
SALES, 777 Seymonr Street, Olty:
■TUKE NOTIOE that I have seized Chevro-
1 let Touring Gar, Model 400, Serial No.
018044, for Repairs and Storage to the
amount of $105.00; that I will eell the
samo at Publio Auction at 2331 Vlotoria
Drive, Vancouver, on Saturday, February 28,
1925, at 2 p.m., to tbe highest bidder for
cash to satisfy the above claim, together
with the cost of this advertisement.
Dated thia llth day of February, 1925.
(Signed)  DAVID HINT2.
Woman and the
Game of War
(Continued from last week)
IrfJHE undersigned will recoivo tenders   up
1    to 12 o'clock Friday, the 27th day of
February,   1925,   for   the   supply   of   5000
, feet of .Iti-inch itteol riveted pipe.
Spi-cUicntioiiK und other informntion can
. bu obtnined from tho office of the City
| Engineer.
marked   cheque   for   Fivo   Per   Cont.
'(5%)   of amount to nccompany Tender.
I Purchasing Agent.     .
City Hall, Vuneouver, B,C, Feb. 17th, 1925./
Notice to Contractors
■ NO.   1   JETTY
SEALED TENDERS marked "No. 1 Grain
Jetty  Fire Protection nnd Water Supply
fiSystoiiia," covering labour nnd material us
ruuuirod for the outsiilo firo protection and
water supply systems and addressed to tho
undersigned, will ho received at the oflico
of   tho   Vancouver   Harbour   Commissioners,
,625 Seymour St., until 12 o'clock noon on
Monday, tho 23rd dny of February, 1925.
Pinna,  specifications, form of tender and
'.contract may   bu   obtained at the  office of
Ithe Acting Chief Engineer, 525 Seymour St.
A   deposit   of   twenty-fivo   ($25,00)   dollars
I'will   he   required,   which   will   he   refunded
(.upon return of the plans, specifications, etc.
The tenders shnll he accompanied hy an
accepted cheque equal to ten (10%) per
cent, of the nmount of the tender. The accepted   cheque    of    the   successful   tenderer
| will he rcnlensed on the substitution of a
bond, satisfactory to tho Commissioners, for
j twenty-five   (25%)  por cont. of the nmount
1 of tho  contract.
A Fair Wnge Clnuse will bo  inserted  in
Lth.' contract
'    Tlie lowest or nny tender will not necoa-
i Barlly bo accepted.
\ Acting   Secretary.
SEALED TENDEBS •ddre.rect to tho un*
designed will bo recoivod by tho Counoil up to 8 o'clock p.m. on Monday, Fobru*
I ary 23, for:
Tho construction of 300.J foot (moro or
i***.*.) of Rowers in tho Marpole district, and
Tho construction of 10,000 foot (moro or
loss) of sowers in tho Dunbar district.
' Forms of tondor, specifications and full
information may bo obtained on application
to tho Municipal Engineor on payment of
the sum of $5.00, which will bo returned
un receipt of a bona fldo tender*
A deposit by cortifiod cheque of ten (10)
»por cent, of tho amount tendered will bo
I required with each tender as security that
the tenderer will. If called upon, enter into
a contract nnd provido tho required bond
for tho performance of tho work. ,
Tho lowest or any tender not necessarily l
accoptod. '
. O. M. O.
Municipal   Hall,    5851   Wost   Boulevard,
■Vancouver, B.C., February 11, 1925.
Tho Dtiiuliflls In "Oh, Yes"
"The Dumbells," Canada's greatest
theatrical organization .will offer a
new revue called "Oh, Yen," at the
Orpheum theatro in Vancouver next
.Monday night for an engagement of
three nights and Wednesday matinee.
"The Dumbells" demonstrated their
superiority over any similtu* attrac*
tion by their spirited presentation of
l"Ace High," and all who saw that
revue will bo Interested in seeing
tliis splendid company ln an entirely
new vehicle.
All of the favorites including Al.
Plunkett, Hoss Hamilton, "Red"
Newman, Stan. Bennett, Pat. Raf-
(ferty, Ben Allen, Morley Plunkett,
•lmmy Devon, Glen Allan and Captain Alert. Plunkett and his Dumbells orchestra. Tliis engagement
will mark the last appearance of
}"T!i8 Dumbells" on the coast for an*
other twelve months when they will
return in another new revue to be
called "Lucky Seventh."
i Rebellion! The very word is a confession of tyranny, outrage, and oppression.—Benjamin.
Vancouver Unions
, Meet, seoond Monday In the tnonth. Pn*
.ident, J. R. White; lecretary, B. H. Nael*
.lids   P   n   Bn. rttt.
Slit Pender St. Wost—Business meeting!
every Wednesday evening. A. Maelnni.,
chairman; E. H. Morriion, loctreas.; Geo
D. Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vanconver.
B. C, corresponding aeeretary.
f Any district In British Columbia desiring
information re securing apeaker. or tbe fot*
nation of local branches, kindly coinmunicnt.
with provincial SecreUry J. Lyle Telford.
124 Birks Bldg.. Vancouver, B. C. Tele*
fcli'ino Seymour 1882, or Bnyvicw 5520.
, aecond Thursday every month in Holdon
Building. Preaident, J. Brlghtwell; finanoial
iecretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth Avenue
| Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilder, and Helpers of America, Local 194—Meetings firat
ind third Mondays in each month in Holden
Building. Preildent, P. Willis; secreUry, A.
Fraser.   Offlce houra, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 5
and third Frldaya In each month, at 446
Richards Street. President, David Cuthlll,
[852 Albi*rt Street; eeeretary-treasurer, Oeo.
sarrlson, 1182 Parker Street.	
of Steam and Operating, Local 882—
Meets every Wednesday at 8 p.m., Room
106 Holden Bldg. President, Charles Price;
justness agent and finanoial secretary, F. L,
Sunt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn*
UNION, Local 1*15, A. F. of M.—Meet. In
l.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunsmuir Street,
econd Sunday at 10 a.m. President, E, O.
filler, 991 Nelson Street; socrotary, E. A.
'miiioson, 991 Nelson Streot; financial score*
ary, W. E. WilliamB, 991 Nelson Street:
irganlsor,  F.  Fletcher, 991 Nelson Street.
'HE VANOOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION—Meets at 091 Kelvin Itreet, at 11
-nl. on tbo Tuesday preceding the 1st Sun*
ay of the month. Prosldent, Harry Pearson,
91 Nolson Btreet; Secretnry, E, A, Jatnio-
on, 991 Nelson Street; Business Agent, F.
tlelchor, 991  Nelson St.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—Preaident. R. P. Pettipiece; vico-presldent, 0.
'. Campbell; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Nee-
tnds, 1'. 0. Box 66. Meet* last Sunday of
itch inunth at 2 p.in. in Holdon Building, 10
tastings Streot East.	
UNION, No. 419—President, a. D. Mao*
onald, secretary-treasurer,- J. M. Campbell,
'. 0, Box 089. Meets last Thursday of eaoh
market place. Unlike the women of the other classes, she endured
all the horrors of war but none of its lure and abandonment, she
enjoyed no dinners, banquets, boquets, receptions, military displays,
and victory balls. For thousands of women of the upper classes war
ensured one hectic round of excitement, the glorious abandonment
to the satisfaction of the senses, an outlet for tlieir stifled energies,
a mask to cover up their half subdued elemental passions, an excuse
to display tlieir power, affrontery and newly acquired ill-gotten
gains, a glimpse of which is so ably grim in the following verses by
by Mr. Alfred Noyes.
Por the women of the masses, however, who supply 93 per cent
of the army, the story is a different one. Thc, women of the masses,
during the war were used to do the meanest work. They were flattered, cajoled, threatened. While the blood of their mon folk was
being coined into profits on the battle fields, their labor, sex, and
necessities were the object of profit extortion, and barter at home.
In munition, garment and packing factories, they toiled incessantly,
doing the work of men, but receiving "woman's pay." Ministers of
lhe gospel grew wrathy and demanded that they "do tlieir duty tt'
replenish the loss of war," illigitiinacy was winked at and excused
ns "one of the inevitable results of war." Politicians tricked anil
deceived them with promises they never intended to carry out. They
were told to knit goeks, scarfs, sweaters ami .ther garments to keep
the hoys warm," but when they went to Iniy the yam they found
thc price had soared. They wert! advised hy sleek well-fed men, and
diamond, fur bedecked ladies, not 'to forget the "dear boys fighting
foi' our home and honor," to scud them chocolates, cigarettes, and
Pruit-cako, but alas when after scrimping a few cents from the pay
envelope or "patriotic allowance" they went forth to purchase
these things, they found the priees 20 to 100 per cent higher than
before the war—some one had been "doing their bit" profiteering
in a perfectly patriotic way.
They were told to cat less sugar and bacon, whereupon, after
denying themselves and their children they found a corner on botli
these, necessities and huge fortunes being made at their expense, and
while men were being shot and jailed for military treason, no one
was being hanged, jailed or shot for treason to those men and their
dependants who were shedding their life-blood and wading through
hell to "make the world safe for democracy"—or Plutocracy?
Wc can approximate the number killed and wounded; we can
count the cost of making new garments, procuring food, furnishing
implements of destruction; we may calculate the value of cities laid
waste, crops ruined, the cost of constructing new homes, ships and
railways, but who can measure, who describe the children whose
homes are laid in ashes, who flee in torror before the advancing
:irmy to hills and valleys, who crouch and shiver in ruins and dugouts, who forage on garbage heaps, and feed off putrid flesh and
roots, who are raped and famished, but who may not die by the bullet or the swift thrust of thc swords. Speak not to such as these,
oh ye hypocrites, ye befoulers of all that is holy and sacred of the
"glories of war." what a desecration of virtue; what a mockery of
the home! To tho women of the masses, war is a grim reality. It
sinks its poisonous fangs deep into thcir quivering flesh, and pulsat
ing hearts; it desecrates the marriage vow, breaks up tlieir home,
and poisons through venereal diseases the very well springs of life.
A well-known physician who for the past ten years has given
his life to war work and its after effects, said to me when discussing
this matter, "If T could by some means touch a button and put out
of life quickly three-fourths of the babies born since 1914, I would
consider I was conferring a benefit on mankind."
Think of the untold agony she silently endures when she real
izes that she and her children are the innocent victims of a foul
disease, cursed from the cradle to the grave. And to add to her
suffering thc terrible thought is focusing itself upon her imagination,
that it is her own men folk, husband, son or brother, thc dupes am"
tools of mammon, who are bringing upon her and her babies thit
unspeakable burden of poverty, disease and woe.
The basis upon which war rests are foul—the principles of the
thug, the robber, the morals of thc jungle.
The duty of the soldier is to kill, the more he kills thc greate*
his reward. A "glorious battle" is heralded, "enemy vanquished,"
"spectacular heroism" "territorv captured" snd nil eagerly wate'
to seo who will be the honored, the recipients of medals, crosses and
higher commissions.
War is organized human butchery and its handmaidens are hy-
poeracy, robbery, rape lies, obscenity, profanity, dope. It desecrates
the higher virtues, mocks religion, laughs at honesty and mocks tut'
commandment "Thou shalt not kill."
The church as an organization, to her discredit, he it said, stood
solidly by the war. Here and there ministers had the courage te
stand hy the principles of Christ, but for this they were in most
cases, unfrocked, persecuted and drummed out of the "Temple of
the Nazarine." In every land the church held special services, to
petition their National God to give them victory over their enemies,
and held thanksgiving services when a victory was announced.
Surelv this is blasphemy indeed, surely its ministers could sink
lib further! In thc words of Mark Twain, this is what they prayed
"0 Lord, our Father, our young patriots, idols of our hearts, go
forth to battle. Bc Thou near them! With them in spirit—we als*.
go forth from the sweet peace  of our firesides to smite the foe.
"0 Lord, our God, help us to tear their soldiers to bloody shreds
with our shells; help us to cover thcir smiling fields with the pale
forms of their patriot dead; help us to drown the thunder of the
guns with thc cries of the wounder, writhing in pain; help us to lay
waste their humble homes with a hurricane of fire; help us to wring
the hearts of their unoffending widows with unavailing grief; help
us to turn them out roofless with their litle children, to wander un
friended through wastes of this desolated land in rags and hunger
and thirst, sport of the sunflames of summer an'd thc icy winds of
winter, broken in spirit, worn with travail, imploring Thee for the
refuge of the grave and denied it—for our sakes, who adore Thee
Lord, blast their hopes, blight their lives, protract their bitter pilgrimage, make heavy their tears, stain the white snow with thc blood
of their wounded feet.
"We ask of Onc who is thc Spirit of Love and who is thc ever-
faithful refuge and friend of all that are sore beset, and seek His
aid with humble and contrite hearts. Grant our prayer, 0 Lord,
and thine shall bc the praise and honor and glory now, and ever
Victory! Like the word charity, is a cloak that covers a multitude of sins. Victory! Yes, for the steel, coal, and bunking kings;
for thc masses, no.
For the men who fought, and the women who bore them, there
is but the grim reality of insecurity, unemployment, and a more
brutal form of exploitation to exact thc war debt. For the man there
is at least the glamour of war—but for the woman there is no hero
worship, no martial music, no cheering crowds, song story and laughter, no tablets are erected to her in church, civic building, park or
The cymbals crash,
And the dancers walk,
With long silk stockings
And arms of chalk,
Butterfly skirts.
And white breasts bare,
And shadows of dead men
Watching 'em there.
Shadows of dead men
Stand by the wall,
Watching the fun
Of the Victory Ball.
They do not reproach,
Because they know;
If they're forgotten,
It's better so.
"What do yon think _
We should find," said a shade,
"When the last shot echoed
And peace was made?"
"Christ, laughed the fleshless
Jaws of his friend;
"1 though they'd be praying
For the worlds to mend;
"Making earth better,
Or something silly,
Like washing hell
Or Picca-dam-dilly.
They've sense of humor,
These women of ours,
These exquisite lilies,
These fresh young flowers!"
"Pish!" said a statesman
Standing there,
"I'm glad they can busy
Their thoughts elsewhere!
We mustn't reproach 'em,
They're young you sec."
"Ah I" snid the dead men,
"So were we!"
Victory!   Victory!
On with the dance!
Back to the jungle
The new beast prance.
God! how the dead men
Grin by the wall,
Watching the fun
Of the Victory Ball!
AVhen the drum beats aro heard no more, when the bugles cease
to call to battle and the cannons are silent, when the dead are counted, the cost of war estimated, and profiteers have gathered in their
bloodstained gold, woman's sorrow and service begin anew.
Back to the homes of the women of the slums, tenements, mills,
factories and farms return what is left of poor, disollusioned, sick,
half-crazed humanity. Out from the loins of labor issued these betrayed soldier lads, on tho breasts of working class 111011101* have
they bcen nurtured and reared, when their masters who bade thein go
need them no longer, when they have spent their "lives" and conquered tlieir masters commercial rival, captured oil wells, wheat
lands, and coal fields. Back again to the slum shacks, and tcnaments,
from whence they came must they return—there in the drab twilight of obscurity, and poverty, on thc breasts of their mothers, in
tiie arms of wife, children, sister or sweetheart, will they receive al*
that is best in life, love, companionship, and unselfish care. There
and there only in the environment of the home, poor though it may
be, may they hope to bc brought back once more to sanity, health,
and a semblance of civilized life.
All over the world from the sorrowing hearts and ruined homes
of mothers. From the lone hearts of children hidden away in orphanages and incurable hospitals, arise the cry, thc hope, that some
day their fathers, their men folk, will eease killing each other, eease
to be the sport of kings and financiers , and resort to ways of reason
and peace.
To dethrone the war god, thc mammon god, and enthrone the
prince of peace is the historic mission of the women of the working
(To be continued)
Have You Inspected the New
Linoleum Rugs
Direct From Scotland's Leading Mill*
Absolutely the Last Word in Designs and Colorings
COPIED from Oriental and conventional carpets in a
most skilful manner, with the fullest measure of Equality" in the bargain, these rugs depict one of the best values
in this class of rugs we've ever featured. Three popular
sizes—three excellent values:
$19.75 ST*0:6 $17.25
Size 9x7.6       <M O AC
Price  tplL.eJO
The Newest and Latest INLAID LINOLEUMS
$1.85 Square Yard
Size 0x12
Have You a Friend?
To whom you would like us to send a sample copy of
the British Columbia Federationist
We want NEW READERS—Help •us to get them
I have a friend whom I think could bc induced to subscribe
to tho British Columbia Federationist. Please send him a
sample copy to the address below:
NAME „...:	
At tho Orpheum
One of the most novel and interesting Importations of the Orpheum
circuit from European music halla Ib
"The Blue Bird" company, which
opens at the Orpheum theatre February 26, 27 and 28. The "Blue
Bird" company is a group of twelve
artists, no two of similar talent, who
were found playing in music halls in
Lyons, France. The production was
staged by the same producer who
sent the "Imperial Russian Players"
on tlieir tour of the Orpheum circuit
this season.
Miss Frances Arms is a newcomer
on the Orpheum circuit, as she has
spent her time mostly in the East,
having appeared In George "White
"Scandals" and other musical comedies. As a delineator of certain
Yeddish types, .-he ranks with anyone
on the vaudeville stage. In dialect
and mannerisms she is as realistic
as she is humorous.
Dick Henderson halls from Scotland, though theatrically he Is a
Londoner, and in London no comedian is considered funnier. Jack
Princeton is one half of the combination and Lillian Watson the other.
They appear in a comedy skit called
"Too Late." The Griffith Twins are
a clover pair of pretty girls who
put over a very pleasing and entertaining offering.
Stan Kavanagh, the Australian comedy juggler, is a wistful comedian
with a red nose. The Slayman AU
Arabs offer a novelty. The Aesop's
Fable Is called "Monkey Business,"
and is particularly funny. The Topics
of the Day and the Orpheum concert
orchestra in musical numbers makes
up a startling bill of vaudeville.
So far as our union Is concerned,
we must take our own course and
use our utmost endeavors to organize
the agricultural workers to enforce
our just claims upon those responsible for carrying on the industry,
and to compel the political parties
i to find a solution for the state of
chaos that undoubtedly exists.
George Edwards.
Our great neod is for a thoroughly
good working-ci.tss education, so that
the workers cannot be stampeded
with scares and plots as they were
at the last election.—A. J. Cook,
Those who condemn the dictatorship of the soviet in Russia uphold
the dictatorship of Mussolini in Italy
—R. C. Wallhead.
When "real value" is required in the purchase of floor
coverings tbe answer undoubtedly is BRITISH INLAID
LINOLEUM, both for design and durability.
Our stocks of these finb goods are now complete; awaiting
your inspection are patterns ranging from the popular
bold Dutch tile effects (so delightful for the modern kitchen) to the dainty carpet and conventional designs for
dining and living room.
Width 6 feet.   Price, per square yard $1.85
—Fourth Floor.
%nh^t&^_ynn (foimumtt
6 IWC*BJW»W»ATtO,„.......!W_W tmttt WTO    -f *t
Fed Up With Peace
Sir Ian Hamilton says "the young
fellows of twenty are getting positively fed up with peace." Yep, the
wisest of them want a war, in which
the flrst class called up will be "the
oldest living inhabitants," and so on
The Federatloniat ls out to hell
the workers. There Is no nobler
work. Join us ln the flght, Oet
your friends to subscribe.
On February 21, a special convention will be held at Chicago, to form
an Independent political labor party.
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET        Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
The greatest assistance that the
waders of The Federatlonist cnn render us at this llmo, is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so you
spread thc news of thu working cIukn
movement nnd assist us.
If it were possible to bore down to
hell's fire through tbo earth enough
heat from tbe molten muss would
be found to work tlie Industries, and
the landlords would claim a royalty
evon on tbat.—Robert Smillie.
Labor Party
TP YOU subscribe to the
f principles for which the
P. L. P. stands, write your
name and address plainly
be'ow, and send to Secretary Federated Labor Party,
Room 111, 319 Pender West.
Official Organ of the
Published in thc Interests of All Workers
■THE party is desirous of making1 what contribution it can to the better-
1 ment of society. It realizes that tbe most effective method to accomplish this end is by educating the masses through the medium of its press,
and likewise the best literature procurable regarding the Labor movement. There is no other means available to the workers to voice their
opinions. Work with us to make The Federationist a mighty power for
good in Vancouver and throughout British Columbia. Principles, not
personalities, are alone desirable.
Contributions for The Federationist arc always welcome. Be brief
and write on one side of the copy paper. Matter for publication should
reach this office by Tuesday. Advertisements received up to Wednesday
You must have The Federationist in thc home each week to keep in touch
with the City, Provincial and Federal and International Labor Movement,
Subscription Rate: United States and foreign, $3,00 per year; Canada,
$2.50 per year, $1.50 for six months.
Estimates will be furnished on all kinds of work,
gladly offer his services to those desiring them.
Our solicitor will
FRIDAY February 20.   1926. I
A Remarkably Valuable Rare
WE have been most fortunate in securing 1 his valuable
Violin, which should be of immediate appeal to anyone who seeks only the finest in a first quality instrument.
Call and investigate this unusual opportunity.
Used Piano Special
A rich-toned upright Piano made for MASON
& RISCH which looks like new. <CQQC
Very special at  tfiAseJO
On Easy Tonus
443 Hastings Street West
Near Richards Phone Sey. 2444
A Great Thought
The Dardanelles adventuro was "a
legitimate war gamble with stakes
that we could afford to lose, and It
was worth while to carry through
and with an utter disregard of life."
Mr. Winston Churchill, ln house of
commons  (15-11-15),  official report.
Among the stakes we could afford
' to   lose   were   36,202   killed,   12,544
missing,   and   75,809   wounded,   and
9*1,683  sick  and  fever  cases sent  to
Had you any relatives among the
Did Mr. Churchill's gambling
counters include any of your friends?
"An utter disregard of life."
Remember that Winston is now the
second most powerful cabinet minister in the tory government.—Glasgow-Forward.
As coal is an Industry upon which
all other industries depend, it is necessary that private profit and private
Interest should be eliminated from it.
—Mr.  Robinson Dennlson, M.P.
Every reader of The Fcderatlonlsi
un render valuable assistance by re*
icwing their subscriptions as soon ne
hey are due, und by inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not takf
much effort to do this.   Try It.
Patronize   Federatlonist   advertiser!
Ask for OATTO'S.    For sale at all Government Liquor Stores
Thlf KdT.rttHneDt U not pub___e„ ot dlaplty-d oy tbt Liquor Control Botrd or
by tbo Government of British Oolnmblo
Fresh   Cut  Flowers, Funeral  Designs, Wedding  Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Huting. Strut E»it Sir* 988*672    685 OruvlUe Streot Sey.  8613-1391
161 H-ttliii Street Weit. Sey. 1870    1017 Georgia street West Bey. 7411
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
•* McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Ma>or Taylor Says All Who Pay
Taxes Pntitled to a Vote.
Definitely opposed to the .civic collection of a poll tax, Mayor L. D.
Taylor nevertheless will Insist on all
who pay the tax being given a vote
in civic elections, he declared this
"All who pay taxes are entitled to
a vote," he said. "I will insist on
lhat, although I am against a poll
If the names of those who pay the
poll tax are added it will put about
8000 additional names on the voters'
Associated Property Owners are
endeavoring to make tenants register
yearly if they desire to vote. Mayor
Taylor is opposed to this plan.
POU the purpose of discussing jm-
■*• portant business, such as preparing for the Federal Elections, and ns
to our relationship towards the farmer movement, a meeting will be held
in Holden building on Wednesday evening, February 25, at 8 p. m. All
members from Burnaby, city and elsewhere arc urged to be present.
Throughout my 20 years' experience of parliamentary life I remember not one solitary occasion on
which the lords have improved a
bill.—Col.  J.  Wedgewood,  M.P.
There are 24,485 miles of railroads
In Australia, all government-owned
and controlled, The capital cost of
construction and equipment is computed at £263,218,316. The net earnings for last year represented a return of 4 per cent, on the capital
The greatest assistance tlmt the
readers of Tlie Federationist can render us at tliis time, Is by securing a
now subscriber. By doing bo you
spread the news of the working class
movement and assist ub.
The only practical alternative to
monopoly exploitation is a democratic
public ownership in industry, and
that Is the program of the labor
movement.—Wm. Graham, M.P.
Heal equullty Is the ultimate scope
of social science.—Condorcet.
To pay  other people to think  for
/ou does not pay.—Cecil Palmer.
Your friends might be glad to subscribe for The Federatlonist if you
asked them.   Try.
Revolution, as understood by enlightened people at this time, means
a complete and fundamental change
of established political or socinl conditions.—Morris Hillquit.
Inequality is the source of all revolutions, for no compensation can
make up for inequality.—Aristotle.
The Federationist believes in a
"cultural revolution," not a "bloody
There will be no poverty or fear of
it under socialism. This alone should
make every intelligent worker a socialist.
The moral justification of theoretic
and practical socialism is the ploa
for Justice.—A.  Ludovlc.
Patronize   Federationist  advertisers
Dr. Gallant, Chiropractor, 712 Robson
Nanaimo and District
Wide interest is being manifested in the splendid Educational Articles now
appearing as regular features in
Official Organ of the
These Articles of Advanced Thought are highly appreciated and extensively
raad by many labor men and women who think as well as work.
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and:
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by the management.]
Reaction  Dies Hnrd  m  New  Westminster
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: I
noticed that during the last civic:
election in New Westminster that
n\me of the candidates in their election addresses advocated removing
the property qualification, although
several enlightened property owners
in Vancouver who stood for election
there advocated ils removal, one of
whom was Mayor Taylor.
Why the property owners ln New
Westminster cannot bow to the inevitable with a good grace, and why!
they want bona fide citizens who do
not own properly to have a civic
stutus little better than that of Orientals, I am quite at a loss to determine, for this idiotic property qualification law will soon have to go into
discard the sume way as that other
one which formerly related to widows whose husbands died without
making wills und which gave their;
unfortunate wives the same status as [
a Slwash,
Any one with any common sense
must admit that bona fide tenants:
who spend their wages in the city'
and who keep the retail merchants
going, are of more use to the city
and should have all the privileges of
citizenship than a non-resident who
happens to own one or more lots.
Whether the property owners are
afraid that too many money bylaws
would be passed if the property
qualifications was removed I do not
know, but I certainly do think that
that one which halved the assessment
or, in other words, gave the Brunette
company a bonus, which 1 understand
will be worth about ?6u,000 to them,
would have been turned down if the
householders had a chnnce to vote
on it.
I am quite at a loss to understand
why such organizations as the Ki-
wanis and the Board of Trade
boosted such a bylaw for, in my
opinion, it not only created a very
bad precedent but was also grossly
unfair to other manufacturers as well
as to the rest of the ratepayers in
New Westminster,
I also think that the system of
bonusing industries is very unsound
business, and lhat it is the best way
to make any city cheap. If the
Brunette company have a right to a
bonus, Swift's, or any other concern
that happens to be burnt down, has
an equal one. It Is more than probable that the Brunette company is
either part of a wealthy corporation
or else has very strong backing behind it; that they were well insured
against any loss, and did not really
need any assistance from the city. It
was also very unlikely that the company would have let their water
frontage, which is the most valuable
in the city, revert back to It If their
preposterous demands had been refused by the council; and even if
which is very Improbable, they had
built elsewhere, It would only have
been a case of cutting off their noses
to spite their faces.
Whether they gave the council any
proper guarantee or undertaking that
they would employ as many whites
as possible, whether they have lived
up to it or whether they have shown
scant respect to the council wliich
gave them such a generous hand-out,
is not generally known; neither are
the number of hours of the council's
time or the amount that was paid In
legal expenses in connection with
this company.
I do not think that any money
bylaw should be put before the people of New Westminster, or anywhere else in B. C, unless it has the
approval of a very reliable inspector
of municipalities.
If we are to get cheaper water
and light and free garbage removal,
and If the sinking fund is kept up
as It Bhould he, assessments or the
tax rate will soar upwards, and it
will then be up to the powers that
be to consider spreading taxation
among non-property owners.
Touching the pockets of some of
these people will probably do more
to rouse many of them from their
Ignorance, apathy, indifference and
contrariness, and make them demand
the same rights as property owners.
Assuming that New Westminster
has a population of IS,000 and that
8,000 arc on the voters list, or should
be, they could very appropriately be
classed in a political sense as follows:     3,000   Boers   nnd   6,000   Uit-
New Westminster, B.C, Feb. 18, 1925.
world Is owned in common by all the
people.    I will start with Canada.
Suppose there are two million
workers in Canada; they all come to
an understanding that they will work
for $100 a month, with prices of
everything as at present. Then the
government will order two hundred
million dollars made in coin and
bills, to be sent to all the government banks to cash the workers'
cheques on pay day. Married men
and single men will have the same
pay, and there will be no work for
women. All work will be done by
men only. All women will also be
paid the same as the men, or whatever the people agree to. The people will spend their money the same
as they do now, but, no matter where
they spend It, the places will be
owned in common by all the people.
The socialist program says our
homes will be privately owned. There
will be no private ownership of home,
either. All homes will be up-to-date
modern houses, and the people will
own their own homes but, If they
leave for good to settle down somewhere else, they arc no more owner
of the home. I have expressed myself as well as I ean, and think your
readers wijl see just what I mean.
Yours,  etc.,   PISTE.
Kamloops, B. C„ Feb. 17, 1926.
Labor  Paper
Editor B. C. Federationist: The
press committee of the Labor Statesman has had their attention drawn
to the following, which appeared as
a news Item in your pnper, issue
Feb. 13th,
"Vancouver, B. C.—The Labor
Statesman suspends publiction as
a labor organ with its last Janr
uary issue, after about a years*
life as the official paper of the
Vancouver, New Westminster .
and District Trades and Labor
Council. Lack of support is the
reason assigned."
We are at a loss to understand
why such nn article should have been
published without first making an
enquiry as to the truth of the item.
You are on the exchange list of the
Labor Statesman and received tho
Issue of February Gth, which in no
wny intimated that a change had
taken place, or that the Labor
Statesman had ceased publication.
The press committee, therefore, desires to inform you and your readers
that the Labor Statesman ls still
being published every week as the
official organ of the Vancouver, New
Westminster and District Trades and
Labor council, and as the official
organ of tho Greater Vancouver
central council of the Canadian labor
pnrty. It is still making good headway and Is being supported at the
present time by thirty-four unions.
There has not been at any time during its existence, any reason why the
Labor Statesman should suspend publiction.
(Signed.) Wm, Dunn, carpenters,
W. J. Scribbens, civic employoes;
V. R. Midgley, lathers; J. Sidaway,
street railwaymen; P. R, Bengough,
general secretary Vancouver Trades
and Labor council,  press committee.
Vancouver, B. C, Feb. 17, 1925.
Note—The report referred to
was copied from the O. B. U. Bulletin of Winnipeg. It Is to it that we
would refer our readers for confirmation.—Ed.
pLUB meets tonight, Friday. Mr.
.lames Taylor is to gl,re an address on "Burns, the peoples' poet",
Mr. Hargraves is rendering two
Scotch vocal numbers entitled "Bonny
Wee Thing," and "Mary of Argyle".
Every reader or The Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
they are due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try lt.
We have mado enough progress in
armaments; it is now time to make
progress in learning to do without
It Is the profiteers, not the prophets, who have honor in the country (England)—James Douglas.
We had a lively and interesting
time at om* weekly meeting at the
Municipal hall on Tuesday night. Delegate Robinson, from the city, reported progress of the central committee. Delegates were elected to wait
on the reeve and council, and again
demand recognition of our organization and the handing out of work
slips by tho movement, Instead of
through the government official, as at
It is Impossible to distribute the
work out fairly under this system,
some men get two or three turns
of work khlle more distressed cases
get missed altogether,
Tf the matter was handled by our
organization we should see that the
work was given out fairly and
It was staled thore would be more
work next week for men who have
registered.—E. D. Brewer, secretary,
4854 James street, South Vancouver.
Nanaimo-Wellington [
The strongest bond of human sympathy, outside of the family relations, should be one of uniting all
working people of all nations and
tongues and kindreds.—Lincoln.
Every leader of The Federatlonist
ran render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
thoy are due, nnd by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try it.
Necessity is the plea for every infringement of human freedom. It. is
the argument of tyrants. It is the
creed of slaves.—William Pitt.
Stand with anybody that stands
right, stand with him while he is
right, and part with him when he
goes wrong.—Lincoln.
Pass The Federation^ along to
your friends. Help it ln its fight for
It is those who are slaves and
know not thnt they are slaves upon
whom capitalism depends for its continued existence.
Patronize Foderationist  advertisers
{Many frienda
_ toe have toon-
[with our r  -
$10 Per Ton
Leslie Coal Co. Ltd.
0*14 BEACn AVE.
I'linnc: Soymonr _108-15_8
If you are really in sympathy
with labor, be a booster. The
Federationist is out to do its bit.
Help it.
We patronize those who patronize
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Grob Work Boots, tan or blaok, 6 to
11.    Special   14.95
Men's Tan Willow Calf, bluchor cut,
dross boot  |fl.60
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11       14.96
Currie   Sample   Raincoat,   Mon's,   to
cloar   $5.09
Children's   Rain   Capes,   with   hood;
regular $8.50; to clear  $1.75
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Hats, Boots and Shoes
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CANADA and U. S. A.
I Union MusidansEnfloyed Exclusively f
Subscription Price: Year, $2.50; Six Months, $1.50   5 Cents per Copy.
The Federationist will be pleased to receive N'ews Items, as well as Manuscripts bearing upon the Labor Question in Its Widest Application
to Society Today.
Sample Copies may be obtained from the representative of the B. C. Federationist, who will also be pleased to receive copy and subscriptions for the
paper, namely:
Book Seller and Stationer
Indian Village in Stanley Park
Editor B, C. Federationist: The
secretary of the Art, Historical and
Scientific association litis received a
letter from the parks commissioners,
drawing our attention to the fact,
that we have not carried out our
promise made to the parks board lust
year, to erect un Indian village In
.Stanley park. While we have made
very considerable efforts to make
good our promise, and have done a
great deal more than Is at first sight
apparent, it is still true that we have
not done as we hoped to do, and tho
villago is not built. Therefore, our
part of the agreement haa not been
carried out. We were led to believe
that considerable support would be
given lo the scheme for preserving
these fast vanishing rulics of native
work and culture, and We have been
disappointed. You, however, were
good enough to respond to our appeal last year, and lt is due to you
to ask you for an expression of your
opinion upon the situation, and wo
call for suggestions from you how to
proceed to carry out the park board's
very reasonable domand.
Oft behalf of the Art, Historical
and' Scientific association of Vancouver, B. C, we are, yours faithfully.
(Signed) Minnie Weart, first vice-
president; James Ley land, second
vice-president; Will Ferris, secretary-
The Museum, Hastings stroet, Vancouver, ac„ February 18, 1925.
Coining Elysium
HditiJr Jt, c. Federatlonist: I would
like to express my opinion as to what
people  are   going  to   do   whon   this
Workers! Support Your Own Press!
00 FREQUENTLY we hear workers complaining about the injustice of
the "daily" or "capitalist" press, and about how unfair it is toward the
cause of labor—and yet they continue to give their hard-earned money to
perpetuate that institution.
The fcapitalist press today is thriving on the one and five-cent pieces of
thoughtless—or ignorant—workers; while their own press has to struggle
against long odds in its efforts to serve them. Why be your own oppressors?
Why serve in the ranks of the enemy?
If you are desirous of improving your own condition, and that of your fellowmen, then support the press that is honestly endeavoring to fight your
battle for you. That is the very least you can do for your own cause.
Show your own sincerity of purpose and willingness to serve by subscribing for The Federationist—the workers' friend. Pass your copy on to
some fellow-worker after you have read it.  Urge him to subscribe.
Help The Federationist in its fight for the emancipation of mankind.
The greater our circulation, the more effectual will our efforts be. Apathy
and indifference on the part of the workers is more to be feared than the antagonism of the forces of reaction.
Be true to your cause! Help boost your own press.
Official Organ of lhe Federated Labor Party


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