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The British Columbia Federationist 1920

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$2.50 PER YEAR
Heaps  Says   It  Is   an
Honor to Be With
I Russell Says That Defense
League Got Him
(By Harry Wilcox)
Winnipeg, Man.—It. B. Bussell
Was welcomed back to tht Labor
movements once mora by a crowd
ot approximately 4,000 people.
The meeting was held in the Industrial bureau on Monday the
17th, exactly one yeai* after hli
■entenco was imposed. As the
Speakers of the evening flled down
the aisle, tremendous applause
greeted them; some enthusiastic
members starting the refrain: 'For
He'i a Jolly dood Fellow."
Bob was the flrst one to appear
on the platform, His appearance
was the signal for a spontaneous
outburst of applause. Thoi'e was
•uch a shouting, such a waving of
hats, such a clapping of hands,
and, in some cases, such wiping of
tears from eyes which could not
hold them back that lt would need
■ome genius with the descriptive
powers of Charles Dickens to picture the scene. The ohalrman, F.
J. Dixon, ln opening remarks, said:
"It is evident that you are all
aware of the purpose' for which
this meeting has been called. This
Is a public deception to H. B. Rus-
Mll. (Hear, hear). The only thing
that some of us regret Is that the
other boys are not here to join in
this reception. We all hope that
we shall be able to have a reception at whloh they will be able to
be present."   (Applause.)
.Cards were placed upon Ave vacant chairs. Bach card represented one of the other "boys" who arc
■till In "durance vile."
^Alderman A. A, Heaps was the
first speaker; he said:
Branded As Criminal
"One year ago tonight, our friend
Russell was sentenced, and branded as a criminal, but there are
thousands outside of this meeting
this evening who thunder a mighty
welcome to R. B. Russell. It Is not
the flrst time that a man has gone
to gaol, or the penitentiary, ln tlie
oause of his fellow-workers, and
I do not suppose that lt will be the
last. R.' B. Russell went there-
why? Because in 1919 he stood by
his fellow-workers. (Hear, ear.)
I am 'sure that he will stand by
the workers In the future, just as
steadfastly as he has In the past,
"Interested as I am in this meeting, I was Interested in many other
meetings held ln this building. I
was present at a meeting which
was addressed by a gentleman,
whose name might-be familiar to
you—Arthur Meighen (booB) I
was also here at the meeting addressed by Mr. King and the one
addressed by Mr. Creator. I am
also at this meeting, and I And it
<ui entirely different meeting. I
was Interested not ln what they
said but what they, did not say. It
was not the tariffs that were concerning the workers of Winnipeg
when those gentlemen were here.
There were thousands of people
lere ln Winnipeg who did not
snow where the next meal was
jqmlng from and if you asked
hose poople whether it was a tar-
ff question that was worrying them
(Continued on page I)
Labor Urges Boycott of
All Spanish-made
'K *       Goods
Pails.—Serious newa haa reached
Paris ot the repression"which has
followed tha recent labor disputes
in Spain.
Tho workera there have replied
to tha government's white terror by
the declaration of a general Btrike..
Reports from Madrid, Valencia,
Saragossa, Seville, Barcelona, and
other great cltleB show that all
work Ib at a standstill. In some
of these towna fatal conflicts with
the police have occurred.
The Spanish National Federation of Labor has Issued an appeal
to the worker's of the world, in
which the present repression is
compared to the historic massacre
on Saint Bartholomew's Eve.
"In two days," says the manifesto, '136 workers "were arrested
and deported to Fernando Fo, an
African tropical island. Plainclothes police shoot hown trade
unionists In the streets and cafes
without warning." %
lawyer Shot Down Seven Times
Francisco Fayret, the attorney
of the labor federation was killed
by seven revolver shots fr'om a civil guard.
. The workers of the world are
asked to help the despairing Spanish proletariat by boycotting all
goods from Spain while the terror
lasts. The French C.A.T. has already declared its warm sympathy with ls colleagues In Spain, and
ls considering measures of active
Abolishes Private Property for Production of
Constantinople.—L a b o r claims
ill of Armenia, A Soviet procla-
nntlon assigned to the masses all
iroperty, Including mines and for-
■sts, state and church and private
The proclamation repudiated all
latlonal debts, "especially the
Imerlcan loan, which Armenian
lorrowers have been toiling to
There was much suffering after
.ho American reliof workers were
>rdered to withdraw, but this was
illevialed somewhat when the
Moscow Government sent 60 wagon
oads of clothing and foodstuffs
nto the country.
Kingsley Says the Present
System Is Now
E. T. Kingsley, speaking at the
Columbia theatre last Sunday, pre'
sented ln a concise manner1 tho
logical facts which proved beyond
a shadow of a doubt that the pro
sent system of wage slavery, from
an International viewpoint, no lon
ger performs the function of main
talning the sustenance of the social
groups, hence the beginning of the
Products are all consumed as
fast as they are producod, leaving
nothing to pay with only promises
to pay, which do not constitute
payment. For example, a season'*,
wheat Is consumed from harvest
to harvest, the product Ib consumed, but the paper that comes into
being with this function, for all
time, remains a future charge
against the community; wheat production Increasing on the ratio of
Increasing consuming power, the
same applying to all commodity
production, and then again the
charge against the community in
creases the debt ,a debt to which
prominent statesmen point to as
'icing "the increased wealth of tho
world," but in roality being nothing more or less than a stupendous debt that can novor be paid.
Present day conceptions of property point out the demarcation
'twixt the "respected member of
the community," and the "bum."
Property, as an example, with no
machinery produced by the slaves,
and with no slaves to operate,
never did and never will constitute
property of utility. On the legs of
the wage slaves ot the world I'est
the burden of a world's market,
and Its productive features. The
human slave chattels are bought
and sold when stocks, bonds and
debentures chango hands, the exploitation of human energy constitutes und determines the value of
A man is on his way to a soup
kitchen at the moment that he becomes insolvent through lack of
collateral; Just so uro the nations
bankrupt. Exchange rates vary,
with the United States currency
standing at the peak, and ut that
only worth GO conts on tho dollar,
with perhaps Austria at the base,
with a situation which is so acute
that lt requti'cs 60 krones to purchase a stive, car ticket, with tho
countries of tho world botwoen the
peak and the base currency values,
mere promises to pay und thc
whole shebang Is on tho road, to
the International poor house.
The "wealth" of tho world wholly consists of promises to pay, continuous charges against the community, the Interest on these I. O,
U.'s are compounded, which merely adds another net of figures to
another mass of paper, which can
never be retired. Capital is a Ho
from its inception to Its demise
Its cumbersome machinery is use-
(Contlnued on Page  8)
1 i mn ii i i i r —*■■■■■■■■*—■———■■■■■■■■■—■
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
THURSDAY—Plasterers' Helpers, aud Dance 9 to 12.
FRIDAY—Open Forum.   Speaker, J. Kavanagh
SATURDAY—Dance, 9 to 12.
Turkey and Bulgaria Are
Reaching Very Critical
Financially  Ruined  and
Beyond the Help of
the Allies
(By the Federated Press)
Creation of communist states ln
Turkey, Bulgaria and possibly Poland, before the Wilson administration leaves offlce ls indicated
lit Impressive advices which have
reached Washington.
Women and children of Entente
officials are already being evacuated from Constantinople, and plans
for the removal of Allied military
stores  are  being considered.
Scores of Russian officers who
fled from the Crimea to poverty
and neglect in the Turkish capital have gone over to the Turkish-
Soviet forces and are now with the
rebel army in Anatolia. Many
thousands of Wrtmgel's defeated
troops have been removed in haste
to Tunis, africa, to prevent them
from joining the Red .Turks.and
wresting Constantinople from the
Cabinet ministers appointed by
the Allies for the puppet sultan at
Constantlnpole went several weeks
ago for a short conference with
the Soviet fortes in Anatolia and
have now sent word that they will
not return before the end of January. They have accepted an invitation to visit the Smyrna front,
where the Turkish. Red'Army is
driving the Greeks to the sea.
Official reports on the above situation ate confirmed ln press dispatches which have begun to
come through. To escape the Allied censorship at Constantinople,
B. F. Kospoth went to Eoflii, Bulgaria, and cabled to the Philadelphia Public Ledger about conditions in the Turkish capital.
A Communist revolution wns rehearsed in Czecho-Slovakta last
week, and Polish newspapers con
tain many accounts of how the Polish peasants welcomed the Russian Army last summer. All these
countries are financially ruined and
cleariy beyond the power of the
Allies to assist. Diplomatic defenders of the old order in Kurope say
among themselves, "Only God can
save us this winter!"
Where Is your union button?
Attempts to Hold Labor
Meeting Is Stopped by
Cape Town, Cape Colony—A serious native riot took place recently at Port Elizabeth, and was
suppressed only after much difficulty. . The outbreak followed the
arrest of Masabalba, president of
the native workers' organization.
A large number of natives assembled ln Market Square with the intention of hearing thoir leader
speak, but his attempt to address
the gathering was stopped by officers, who seized him and placed
him under arrest on a charge of
trying to cause unrest among the
worker's. The natives were thoroughly aroused by the arrest of
their leader. Led by several of thc
mob, the crowd made an attempt
to rush the station house. The
polico and returned soldiers, who
had beon armed in view of the so-
riousness of the situation, checked
them. Further assaults were mado,
but eventually the police scattered
the natives.
How about getting another subscriber for the Federationist? Wc
can stand 5,000 more readers In
Big   Congress   Recently
Held in Berlin to Fight
Four hundred and fifty delegates
attended the Congress of Gorman
Communists and Left Wing Independent Socialists held in Merlin,
for tho purposo of arranging for
the amalgamation of these two
parties. Dolegates were present
says Renter, from Groat Britain,
Switzerland, Holland, Hungttry and
Czocho-Slovakla. The British delegate was Robert Williams, who,
according to a Router message, declared that the English workers
were Jn tho transition stage, but the
duy would come when a Red Germany, p. Red France and a Red
England would uproot the capitalist system. The chairman of the
conference declared tbat tlie movement in favor of fusion between
the two parties was not due to the
dictation of Moscow, but sprang
from the determination of the
German proletariat to concentrate
its undivided strength In getting
IT ii ewtomary for newspapen tto 'wish their readen
at thia time of the year, sucefnin tbe coming one. We
ean do, this, as our readen are'nwimbers of the working
class, snd in wishing them success desii-e to point out
that success can only come to the workers when they understand the position they hold in society. We realize
that we do not know it all, bnt we do endeavor to point
the path of human freedom, to those members of the
working elass who read the Federationist. Knowledge is
power. Knowledge, the workers must hsve to achieve
their emancipation, and while thanking those who have
so loyally supported us in the past year, we would point
out that by helping the Federationist that they are, to
some extent at leaat, aiding in the spreading of the
knowledge that the workers most have ere they oan become free. Our New Year's message to the workers can
be best expressed in the words of Karl Marx, "Worken
of the world unite, you have nothing to lose but your
chains, and a world to gain." Hay the New Year bring
the emancipation of the world's workers, is our wish.
Army  and  Navy  Estimates Exceed Two Hundred Billion Pounds
The military clique of Great
Britain want £240,000,000 for military purposes for the coming year.
But a big cry is being raised
against It. The British Labor organ, the Daily Herald, offers the
following suggestions for reducing
the estimates;
Withdraw troops from Ireland,
Egypt, and the Middle East and
Bave £64,560,000,
Withdraw troops from the Rhine
and save £4,360,000.
Halve the other estimates for the
army, navy and air force.
Save  £150,000,000 In all.
Lloyd George thinks the pace of
the militarist ls getting too fast
and has instructed the departments to reduce their figures by
Fiilham (Eng.) Council Goes Into
Laundry Business, Judge
Rules Otherwise
London—Some weeks ago the
Fulham council established a mu
nlclpal laundry at which linen was
washed for the public at a fixed
price per bag. A local laundry
proprietor1 then brought an action
against the council on the ground
that such an undertaking was Illegal. The defence urged that the
provision of wash-houses under the
Baths and Washhouses Acts was ln
effect carrying on the business of a
laundry up to a point; but there
are no statutory powers by which
local authorities can undertake
business of this kind, and a private Act of parliament is necessary In every case. The Judge
ruled that the process wns illegal,
and suspended the council from
carrying on Its humdi'y Cor six
J. Kavanagh Will Speak
oil Industrial and Political Action   .
There will be a meeting of the
Open Foi»um tonight (Friday) in
the O. B. U. hall, corner of Pender
and Howe Streets. The speaker
will be Jack Kavanagh, the subject' being "Industrial and Political
Action." In view of the many opinions expressed on thts question
there will no doubt be a large
turn out.
At the last meeting of the Forum
the;hall was packed to capacity,
and,Jack Harrington gave an address on the Proletarian Dictatorship. It Is the intention of thc
Forum committee to have a good
speaker at each meeting and as
questions and discussions are al
lowed no worker should feel any
diffidence in taking part in the
The miners of Big Valley, Alta.,
have organized a unit of the One
Big Union. ■ G. Burnham is acting
as secretary.
Two Smashing Victories
Over Govt. Forces in
London.—Georgo Barket, miner,
member of the British labor party,
was elected to parliament for the
Abertllery division of Monmouthshire In the bye-eloctlon to fill tlie
seat made vacant by the resignation of William Brace bettor known
as "Mabon," president of the South
Wales Miners' Federation, who has
Joined the government. Barket polled 16,498 to 7,842 for his opponent.
In the bye-election in West
Rhondda, W. John scored a smashing victory for labor forces. His
voto was 14,035 against 7959 for
his opponent. During the campaign
the defeated candidate stood for
the prosent government polfcy In
Ireland. His defeat Is a decided rebuke to the government and an enthusiastic verdict in favor of the
Irish people.    fc
San Francisco Lodge Wan to President Johnson to Visit Soviet Russia
(By the Federated Press)
San Francisco.—A resolution has
been passed by Lodge 68 of the International Association of Machinists calling on the general executive board to arrange for the International president "to proceed
to Russia on behalf of the three
hundred thousand members of the
association and seek to contract
with the Soviet government for* tho
manufacture of any machinery de-
sired, such contracts to be made
in the name of the International
Association of Machinists to be financed by the Soviet government
of'Russia in goiti or raw materials
as the work proceeds and that the
execution of ail .inanclal responsibilities be placed under1 the directions of our general secretary-
treasurer in'High the official bank
of the organization nt the national headquarters In Washington, D.
Patronize Fed Advertisers
Wrhngel's Old Army Was
Preparing to Take
(By the Federated Press)
Washington.—Diplomatic, circles
hero have' received word that the
hasty departure of the Wrangel
army and thc Wrangel fleet from
Constantinople to Bizerta, Tunis—
which ls directly south of France,
and tasily under French naval con-
trol->-Was due to tlie discovory that
the Wrangel' soldiers and sailors
wero getting ready to seize Con-
sttknljlnpolc and turn It ovor to So
viet Itussin, If possible.
Tlje greater part of the soldiers
aboard the Wrangel ships were
conscripts, really sympathetic with
the Red army and many of their
offlcors had Joined in the conspiracy 'to overthrow Allied power In
the Bosporus when the Fronch discovered the plan and sailed them
away to the edge of the African
Corner Pender and Howe Streets
Tonight, Friday, December 30
AT 8 P.M.
Speaker—J. Ka«ftnagh
Subject—"Industrial and Political Action"
Questions and Discussion
..........«i>«ii.~«--.-.«-.«..<«.--.'.«..t *-•..»-»"•■..
Forging More Fetters on
Workers in Merry
Government   Also   Proposes to Penalize the
(By Evelyn Bharp, staff correspondent for the Associated Presa)
- London.—Behind its barricades,
parliament la. engaged in forging
more fetters for the workers.
Because of the opposition which
has developed against the two
shirt clause of the Women and
Young Persons* bill, it has undergone technical amendment. This
amendment, however, is negligible
in the relief it affords to the two
shift system as it provides for abolition of that system in any particular factory only if a representation Is made to the home secretary
by an organization speaking for a
majority of the ..employers and
workers into the whole industry.
Labor put up a good flght against
the clause. The bill has, however,
passed the lower house, and there
Ib little hope of its amendment in
the House of Lords.
Another decision, affecting the
three million workers whose minimum wages are fixed by trade
boards, has just caused consternation among laundry workers. Dr.
Maonamara, minister-of labor, has
discovered that the Trade Board
Act does not allow him to sign the
poposed new order for the weekly
wages of women laundry workers,
because it applies only to the fix
ing of hourly rates. This quibble
can be prevented only by an
amendment of tho act.
But worse than any industrial
legislation, or application of such
legislation, is the power proposed
to be taken by the government under the Official Secrets Act, which,
although withdrawn last session
owing to opposition from all sides,
is to be reintroduced and discussed
In the Commons, under pressure of
the panic caused by the govern'
ment's own mishandling of the
Irish situation.
The bill has been admirably described by Colonel Wedgwood,
M.P., as one "which enables the
government of the day to treat
members of parliament, ex-mem-
(Continued on Page S)
Remarkable Progress
Being Made at Elections by Labor
Amid the racial and dynastic excitements which are commonly associated with the Balkan States,
there ia something new happening
in tne period after the war which
is clearly going to havo a decisive
influence on the future. The successes of the Socialists in Bulgaria
at the last election, where 47 Communists were returned, has been
already noted. Thore havo now
come the elections In Greece and
Jugo-SIavia. In Greece 40 Social
lots have beeu returned, of whom
22 are Communists. In .lugo-Sla
via, in- place of the foi'mer two Socialist members, there have boon
returned 47 Communists, nine Social-Democrats, and two Nutionn]
Socialists. In Saxony, tho combined Lalior forces won 49 scats,
as agninst 47 for the bourgeoisie.
It Is clear tlmt this rising tidi
Is going to sweep away the old
feuds nnd racial Intrigues which
made the Balkan peninsula a hell
tot the common people. A Balkan
Federation has always been the
flrst Item on tho programme of the
Balkan Socialists,
Can Trade With Russia
But Govt. Will Not
Establish Credits
Toronto, Ont.—This Ottawa dis
patch appears ln various Canadian
nowspapers: "A Montreal representative of the Soviet Mission in
London has interviewed tbe Minister of Finance with regurd to facilities for opening up trade between Canada and Russia. A government credit is sought similar to
what was granted to some other
European countries.
■ "Nothing camo of the Interview.
It wns made clear Hint no obstacle
Is imposed upon Canadian* trnffe
with Russin, but the disposition of
the govornment Is to leave It wholly with the trado and not intervene.
If Canadian business men wnnt to
trade with the Soviets thoy can do
so, but the government does not
propose to establish credits."
- Hand the Fed. to your shopmate
when you aro through with It.
Ten Union Leaders Are
Sued for Organizing
Mill Workers
Tbt Itruggle of the Indian trado
unlont hu entered on a new phase.
B. P. Wadia, who will be remembered at the eloquent representative of Indian Labor at the Glasgow Trade Union CongreM, and
who attended the Scarborough conference, and to whom moro 'than
any man the beginning of Indian
trade unionism la due, haa now
been Kiel, along with nine others,
by the Buckingham Mills Co. In
connection with a lock-out and
The Buckingham Mills 0. are
asking the courts for a perpetual
Injunction agalnat the- dclcndants
to restrain them from "continuing
and giving effect to their allotted
conspiracy to maliciously injure
the plaintiffs, the Buckingham
Mills Co., In their business and
fr&m holding -meetings of plaintiffs' workmen, procuring them to
break contracts, and from inducing others of plaintiffs' workmen
not to enter Into contracts with
plaintiffs or not to continue in
plaintiffs' employment, and from
preventing plaintiffs' workmon
from doing so, and from preventing others from entering the plaintiffs' service." The damages
claimed are 70,000 rupees, or about
It Is clear that this is the faml-
lier type of attack on trade unionism in a country where there is no
trade union act.
O. B. U. Christmas Tree
Entertainment Great
If there Is nny one that does not
think the O. B. U. Christmas tree
entertainment on Wednesday, the
29th, was a success, all they have
to do Is ask any one of the hundred odd kiddles that were there,
and the answer will be given in no
uncertain tones. From 4:30 until
8:30 the kids sure had one swell
time. There were lots of things to
eat, fruit, candles and toys for
every one, and to make the treat
all the more enjoyable, lots of music. After tho good things to eat
had been stowed away, games and
fr'oliCH were in order, and how
those klhs did enjoy themselves.
The only regrets the youngsters
have, is that Christmas comes but
once a year.
Later in the evening the grownups took a turn. They danced
and sang and thoroughly enjoyed
The members of the committee
that had charge, are to be congratulated both on the decorations
and tho Christmas tree, and on the
manner in which they entertained
the children. This bright spot In
the lives of the young folks will
be remembered for years to come,
Junior League Social Tonight
' The Junior Labor League will
meet tonight (Friday) at tho club
rooms, 52 Dufforiii Street West, at
7:^0. This will tic a business and
social moeting combined. Tonight
is the regular night for the business meeting, but the fact that tliis
Is New Year's eve calls for something more In the socinl line. The
librarian of tho league hns asked
and obtained' permission to have
the library changed to a more central position, and now the library
is located at tbe F. L. P. Hall, 148
Cordova Street West. Anyone whb
has books and is willing to donate
them for the use of the young
people Is Invited to leave them at
tho above address. Last week
greeting cards wero sent by the
leaguo to all tlmro arrested in connection with the Winnipeg strike
of last year, and also to Eugene
Committee Think Remedial Measures Could
Be Improved
Profiteers Taking Advan-
age of Unemployment
The unemployed situation in tht
olty of Vancouver and throughout
Canada is getting worse as time
goes on. Every day mote men
and women are thrown out of employment and the proposed plans
of government officials will be but
a mere scratch on the surface of
the situation. Big headlines In
the local dally press announce the
opening up pf jobs which will absorb a few hundred -men, but when
the ranks of the unemployed are
being increased by hundreds dally,
there ls not., a great deal of consolation to the hungry, ln such a
display of black type.
Not Meeting Bnooew
In Vancouver tha unemployed
committee of 12 are not meeting
with the success in handling the
situation which they had looked
forward to in thc start. A great
many of the suggestions of the committee are being turned down by
the city council, and quite a. lot of
discontent Is being fomented which
otherwise could be avoided. The
committee wanted to centralize
their* efforts by feeding the unemployed In the Cambie street huts, .
instead of by means of meat* tick-,
ets on various restaurants. Thla
has been turned down by the council on the grounds that the restaurants are entitled to the beneflt of the ratepayers' money. The
committee contend that-it would
be a grout saving on the ratepayer's.
Miserable Conditions
Another bone of contention with
the committee Is the manner in
which the sleeping accommodation of the unemployed Is being
dealt with. In the case of the
"City Mission," the mer^ are thoroughly disgusted with the dirty accommodation, and the following
resolution will be presented to the
unemployed at today's (Friday)
"That lt is the unanimous expression - of thit committee lhat
•The Brotherhood House,' known as
the 'City Mission,' should be thoroughly cleansed ny the city health
authorities immediately, and thut
this committee Is of the opinion
that an tfllcUi enquiry should oo
made by the city authorities into
tho detail workings and status of
thc said City Mission and'that this
committee be represented on that"
board of enquiry."
The men who are given tickets
for sleeping accommodation are
nlso finding It hard to gain admission into rooming houses, every
kind of 'excuse uelng put up by
tho proprietors to make it very
profitable for them.
South Vancouver tnciiiploytd
The unemployed in Soutli Vancouver were organided Tuesday,
and it Is estimated that at lea.it
1000 men ate out of work in the
municipality. Three days per
week relief work is being given to
some of the men, but this Is not
considered enough to meet the
needs of the men, and ut uuothei*
meoting hold Thursday, afterno in,
they went on record tn that effect,
(Continued on page 8)
Final counting of the ballots of
tho recent B. C. elections has not
altered ihe result." so fur as Labor
is concerned. In each case, however, so far as tho three elected
candidates aro concerned, the ul>-
sntco ballot lncrnscd the vote.
Dingwall of Rossland was defeated by 18 votes.
The Machinists' Union of Hall-
fax has gone on record as endorsing tho Halifax county branch of
the Labor Party, and they aio the
first union to work out a plan for
the systematic financing of tho
same party, and ure paying five
cents a month per capita. The Labor Party has live men in the legfs*
Sid Earp Will Also Take
a Place on the
A record gathering of Vancouver workors assembled at tho Kmpress Thcali'o last Sunday night.
J Marshall and J. Kavanagh
were thc speakers, und the manner ln which their remarks were
received was very encouraging,
and proves that the thinking element among the working class is
growing all the timo. Questions of
varied character were dealt with
beforo the meeting adjourned,
which afforded some amusement
and a deal of educational value.
Next week the speakers will bo
J. Harrington and S. Earp. Thoso
peoplo who desire the best seats
will have to come early; Doors
opon at 7:80 p.m.
SAM GUTHRIE, M.L.A. for Newcastle
Concert and Dance
Compliments of
the Season
Theso 7'ploco China Sandwich Seta are
new. delightful patterns and planing
shapes.    1'rleed   from   111.00
Two new sots have inst srrlvoil—on»
with a lilack medallion, the other with
conventional rose treo design. Either sot
of 50 pieces complete for oaly  #29.78
Our Toyland  Is  as   interostlng  as ever.
It's the "one real al I-tho-y ear-Toyland.
Bring ihe kiddies.
Millar & Coe
Headquarters for   China and Toys
Third Annual Chirstmas
Concert Complete
Last Monday evening the Labor
School held Its third annual
Christmas Concert in the F. L. _*.
hall, and It certainly was a most
successful one in every particular.
There was not a poor Herd on the
programme and there was plenty
of variety to suit all, tastes. What
with a sword dance, Indian dance,
piano solos, vocal solos, recitations
and a violin solo, and the added
feature, that with one or two exceptions the programme was made
up by members .of .the schooX
there were many who pronounced
it the best yet for the - Labor
The superintendent, Comrade O.
L, Charlton, in his report stated
that the school urgently needed
more teachers and that sufficient
teachers should be available so
that each would only be called on
to take a class every second Sunday. He gave a brief review of the
work and was optimistic as to the
future, The report of the secretary showed that the school was on
the right side of the ledger, but
that was about all, and-he found Ht
necessary to appeal for financial
assistance for the school.
There was some excitement!
among the young people when the
chairman announced that the next
item on the programme 'was the
taking of the presents off the big
Christmas tree. They had drawn
slips In their classes and each one
received something from the tree.
A Christmas socli was also given to
each one.
After the Christmas tree had
been relieved of its burden the
chairs were cleared away for a
dance, which continued until midnight, when the whole enjoyable
affair was closed with the singing
of "The Red Flag."
Comrade J. S. Woodsworth wfll
address the school next Sunday.
The school meeta every Sunday in
the F. L. P. Hall, 148 Cordova
Street .West, at 1:45 p.m.
The Address to the Jury
in the Case of a Socialist
at any Time and any Place
Sydney, N. S. W.—The final results of the election In the. state of
Queensland, Australia, places labor
in power with 37 seats. The opposition Is made up of 20 Farmer
party members, 12 Conservatives, 1
soldier candidate and 1 independent. '
Pride, the fear of loss, the
yearning for health—
all urge this expert
dental attention
BECAUSE Expression Teeth. In which I specialize, are given that Individual touch which
enhances personality—Becauae natural teeth, that
are now deteriorating and which you fear to lose,
may be saved by prompt attention—Because you
will feel so much bette.—
Phono for an appointment now.
Victory Bonds accepted in payment for dental work. ,
The laboratory UY     BRETT
I operate my own labor.* 4   Jkf f% tn v^ _* _m\l__
lory,   right   In   connection Z\  l_\ I J H   §C VI  11\|
wilh my oBco.    Thi, gives *"■ * * **** *-* S-0tJ\^k 1
' SHr^i      " «°2 Hastings bt. w.
•nd thu e»act  otlMslmrat Cor"cr  aeytteer
which  meoni   toitins   com- PHONE SEYMOUR 3331
'""■ Ofllce Open Tuesday and Friday
DR.  BRETT   AND KRSON,   formerly member of tho F.oulty of the
College of Dentistry, University of Southern California,   Lecturer
on Crown and Bl-itlgework, Demonstrator in Platework and Operative Dentistry, Local and General Anaesthesia. ^
Good for Health Improves the Appotito""
Evi!-;.oil* knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce froih start to finish,
Indicted for sedition, conspiracy
.and common nuisance, suggested
by the perusal of W, A. Pritchard's address to the Jury.
My Lord and Gentlemen of the
.Jury: Despite the requests of the
court that I furnish myself with
counsel to handlo my- case, I intend to address the jury myself.
It is usual that after the counsels have laid their caso before the
court, for the Judge to explain the
legal technicalities to' the jury and
to offer hfs expert advice .ind opin-
ioii lo guide their. i:i their flndlnii
ol liicli verdict. I hav decided
to take ■%•> pluce of tlie counsel for
tlio defence, and to address the Jury
myself n. r.rder that thu case may
he explained ln a um.i loyal way.
Two lawyers, full to the brim in
the legal jargon and technique are
too liable to merely befuddle the^
mind of the most intelligent jury,"
The judge, who la but a yet more
legal luminary, follows with further technicalities and the last
stato of tho Jury's mind bt confu
sion worse confounded.
I would compare my case In the
hands of theso experts of the law
to a hypothetical case In which ad
mirals Jell.coe and von Scheen
bring forward ai^ument fn a court
like this, and in language full bf
naval technical terms, such os line
ahead, columns abreast, refusing
action, order of battle, flag of officers and so on, present their views
of the battle of Jutland.
Prom their arguments, the jury
are to adduce as to Whether the
Kaiser Is to be hanged or not, and
their verdict one way or another,
will cause his execution or prevent
You must remember that a court
of law does not in any way assert
that the accused shall obtain Justice. It only claims to give him the
rulings of the land. The counsel
for the crown in his presentation
of his case, laid special emphasis
on the fact that I am a member of-
a trade union. I will point out to
you that this ia a perfect example
of the pot calling a kettle black.
Wtth the possible exception of
tho doctors, perhaps, the lawyers
have formed the strongest trade
union in the world.
A. five years' apprenticeship ls
necessary before a man may become a member, and certain forms
of procedure have to be carefully
noted, whilst a momber. In some
countries, notably Great Britain,
absurd garments and appendages
are worn in order, to distinguish
the members of this union from
mere common clay.
Tho Court—"You hnve very original ideas on the subject of the
legal profession, Mr. Socialist."
A  Socialist—"My  lord,   I  am  a
The Court—"What has that to
do with itr
A Socialist—"If I thought as you
do, my lord, I would not be a Socialist   I might be a judge."
The Court—"Oh, well; go on."
A Socialist—To continue, not
only does the lawyers' trade union
insist on thla, but it also compels
the state to uphold Its rules. If
you, gentlemen of the jury, do not
believe this, let one of you tomorrow try and occupy the seat at present held by the Judge. You would
flnd the whole of the forces of the
crown arranged agaignst your at
When the trade union of which I
am a member, attempts to force
the state, even la such an important matter as the eight-hour day,
lt is called sedition, conspiracy or
any legal term that comes In handy,
When the lawyers' trade union
forces the state, it is called justice.
Again, take the morality of this
trade union. A lawyer Is enabled
to take money from a murderer,
knowing him to be a murderer,
and do everything'hs can to save
that murderer from the hangman's
rope. If you or I, gentlemen of
the Jury, took money from a mere
pickpocket, knowing him to be a
pickpocket and tried to defend him
from a policeman, we should be
sent to jail—by a lawyer! You
may call him judge oi* maglstratte,
or counsel or attorney, he is a
member of the trade union of the
Secondly, It matters not to the
lawyer whether the accused be innocent or, guilty, neither does - it
matter to the Judge. If the lawyer for" the defonse He .a better
speaker than his opposing lawyer,
the accused, even if known to be
guilty, would go free. If the accused bc innocent, and the lawyer
for the prosecution be better posted In the luw than the counsel for
the defense, tho judge would sentence the accused, however obvious
his innocence—obvious, that Is, to
the non-legal fraternity. That is
the law.
Now, I would ask you to suppoae
a case, ln which tho two lawyer*.
had agreed to beforehand, that
whenever these two should be opposing one another, each should be
allowed lo win the case alternately
—in other words, A's client should
be proved Innocent onc day, and
B's the next.
Mind you, gentlemen of the Jury,
I do not say that this has ever happened, but I do say that under the
present system It ls possible.
The Court—"You have ar very
poor opinion of lawyers, Mr. Socialist?"
A Socialist—You have a very
poor opinion of Socilalsts, my lord.
Gentlemen of tho Jury, In the case
I have just asked you to Imagine,
the Judge would pass sentence or
free the accused with as much
compunction as I would eat my
dinner. All this is but to show you
that justice in a court of law would
be as surprising as the devil in
The probability of the occurrence
may perhaps be discovered mathematically by a system 6t permutations and combinations embodied
in the different calculus. You
must understand first of all, gentlemen nf the Jury, thut the reason
why I can speak this is because I
have myself been a Judge. (Sen-
The Court—"Holy Mackinaw,
when was thiit?"
A .Socialist—During the war, mj
lord. It was frequently my duty,
In my capacity as an officer of His
Majesty's forces at odd times tu
try, condemn or pardon such of
my fellow men 113 were brought
before me. , |
In  01'dcr to be more  certain  ofi
giving Justice to those -unfortunates, I closed and sat upon the
Manual of Military*tem while trying the cases, il'*'  '**h'
So effectual was my hicthod, that
I once overheard a muni* whom I
had just condemned,^ sovere punishment, remark to lhe sergeant
of the guard, "Thore a'lh't much
law about him, but he" sure do
givo Justice." '• '     J:
I brought in this Incident to
show the difference between Justice and the law.
At this point 1 would ask you to
considor my position, not from the
legal point of view, but from your
own. Here stand I, a sane and ordinary human being, much like
yourselves or the judgo in every
respect, except that I have learned
to look at things as they ought to
be, and also as they are. You look
at things only as they are. I am
not boing tried for a crime against
tho peoplo or a person or a thing,
but because I and others aro agreed
that certain thlnga that are, ought
not to be.
You and the law do not question
that these certain things ought not
to be", but you touy—or at least the
law does, that I have no. right to
say that they ought not to be—that
I have no right to my Opinion.
Now, what aro these opinions,
wherein J disagree so emphatically
with the legal standpoint? Briefly they are embodied lh a scientific
doctrine called Socialism. I shall
not in any way attempt to explain
this doctrine or correct you in your
views. It would take so long that
I may unwittingly cause some poor
wretch to defeat the aims of the
law, by dying of old age or senile
The exhibits, aome thousands of
them, are but the logical conclusions and deductions of a Socialistic standpoint lasting over many
years. You may or may not have
read any of them. In my case it
would not matter. As I have said,
they are but tho conclusion at present arrived at of much study, re-
rearch and learning on the part of
Socialists. For you to read them,
and then to judge my caae, could
be compared to reading the Apocalypse and then judging a Methodist
preacher. The counsel for the prosecution has snapped out odd paragraphs and held them up aa an example of the literature that I
read. I would remind you that the.
devil can quote even Scripture to
his* purpose, and ask.you to deduce
therefrom that lawyers uid the
enemy of mankind have much in
common. { \
The Court—You will leaVo out
personalities in future, Mr. Socialist.
A Socialist— I mftat_ '"[protest
against that ruling, mty lord! All
through this case, the' counsel for
the crown has attempted to make
out that I am a sufficiently evil
blackguard to be as carefully segregated from my fellow men as
though I were a disease. When I
show the jury that he Is morely an
idiot, I am called to order.'*'
Tho Court—Well, 4°n't:,:clo it
A Socialist—Another example of
the trade unionism of the law. Well
gentlemen of the Jury, I must continue. You know with what- satisfaction his lordship and hla fellow
lawyers will leave the court-room
once some criminal Is tried, found
guilty and sentenced. It is with
this self-satisfaction that Socialism disagrees. .We do not consider
that, the Judge and lawyers have
completed their task when some
wretch ls sentenced to confinement
or to death. We Socialists believe
that it Is possible and what is more
our bounden duty to go further and
remove the cause, the robt of the
condemned ^nan's evil doing. Most
of this is bound up ln the present
system'of property. We Socialists
aro determined that the present
ideas regarding property are wrong,
And now, aa the learned judge
wishes to adjourn the court t\or
lunch, I would conclude this portion
of my statement by remarking lhat
it Is with the greatest satisfaction'
that I, a Socialist, can ' view the
future and see that when tho S<
clallsts alms regarding property are
realized, judges and lawyers will
probably b8 out of work.
Tho court adjourned for lunch.
At 2 j).i i., when the court u^ain
^assembled, a Socialist commenced.
Gentlemen of the Jury: This
morning I tried to show you that
the reason why I stand In the prisoner's dock Is not because of evil
doing, but because I.differ In the
opinions I hold, from the opinions
of the average unlearned man. primarily, the difference is in the
point of view.
For instance, the point of view
of an astronomer regarding the
stars is different from yours. To
him, each star ls a definite entity,
with certain attributes and of a
certain distance from thts earth.
He has attained this point of view
by learning and much study. To
you the stars are probably nothing
moro than a resemblance to a
strange ocular disturbance which
takes place when some hard object, such as a. human fist, riiakes
violent contact with yourtetfeS. This
is commonly known a^' "d*fclng
stars." tg
Thus the point of view' of ^Socialist regarding social conditions.
economy and sociology generally Is
the result of much study and necessitates a high state of ifttfcllU
gence. Should you not credit this,"
I suggest that you read exhibit *99
entitled Capital by Karl Marx.
If you can understand and mentally digest his many different points
within a year, I will be tho first to
apologize for being mistaken ln my
Judgment of your intelligence, as
shown during this case.     <-
Turning once more to .be subject of the law, I would remind
you that I am not the only man
who has held, in his lordship's
words, original views on the subject. An eminent Englishman declared In all solemnity that "the
law is a h'ass." As he was uneducated, ho aspirated unnecessarily
after the manner of the unsophisticated English.
Tho Court—I can not permit you
lo quote a purely, mythical character and call him an eminent
A Socialist—My lord, I shall admit my fault, but would point out
that the idctorlril biography of Che
mythical Mr. Sam Weller. as written by Charles Dickens,-contains
more words than tlio historical bio-
(By. John'Keracher in the Prole
DURING the development of
capitalists have dominated
capitalism, certain groups of
and certain commodities have as
sumed dominant importance. In
the early days of the system it was
the merchant capitalists that led
their class. When machinery was
invented, and the modern intfus-
t trial form of production developed,
then the industrial capitalist held
With further expansion', the need
for access to large sums of ready
money to swing enterprises speedily, gives the bankers great Importance. Powerful banking institutions have made their appearance; controlled by the modern
group of capitalists, the finance
This latter group, because of the
nature of their operations, and tho
vast amount of money-capital at
their dlapf _*l, acquires a viewpoint
that is not limited by national
boundaries. .Their "International-
Ism" has for its aim the exploitation of workers In any part of the
world. The race, color, creed or
nationality of the workers they exploit makes no difference to them
aa long as profits fome. pouring in.
In the old days of the merchant
capitalists, their wealth was realized through the carrying trade. The
products of the west were exchanged for those of the east. A continuous flow of trade went on between Europe and Asia. While
this ls still to a great extent the
case, the chief source of their
wealth today is the direct exploitation of labor in all parts of the
world through the control of natural resources. Tea plantations in
China and Ceylon, rubber plantations in Africa, gold and diamond
fields, coal, iron, copper and other
minerals necessary to modern me-
thnds'of social production, all contribute their share of profits to the
modern capitalist-Imperialist.
At different stages ih the development of the capitalist system, certain individual commodities assume
great Importance. In the early
days of this country, corn was the
chief commodity; but with the extension of the cotton growing plantations, due to the many uses to
Which cotton could be put to,
together with the Invention of gin,
then cotton became king.
Days off Chattel Slavery
The days of "king cotton were
the days of chattel slavery and the
rule of the southern plantation aristocracy. The production of cotton, tobacco, sugar and other commodities, through the exploitation
of vast armies of chattel slaves,
was then the chief mode of wealth
production In the United States.
The rise of the north just prior
to the civil war, was the rise of
the modem industrial form of production, which was given a great
impetus by* the invention of machinery. It was then that the products of the soil, no matter how
Important, had to give way before
the great mineral products from
the bowels of the earth, such aa
coal, Iron, copper, etc.
The combination of coal for
smelting and iron for the manu<
fact ure of steel brought on another
important epoch in the develop
ment of capitalism, tho period ln
which we are now living. From
the close of the civil war down to
our time, steel has been the king
of commodities. It haa entered
Into the rails that girdle the earth
with a network of railroads. It
has furnished tho chief building
material for the modern battleship
and the ocean liner, the framework of the modern skyscraper,
bridges and mighty engineering
undertakings of all descriptions, as
well as that highly complex monster, the modern machinery of
A Question of Fuel
But to give life and action to this
moder/i monster of steel, fuel must
be«fed Into it in abundance. Coal
haa, until recently, been the only
practical fuel, and In fact still
forms the bulk of the fuol used iu
the capitalist world. A new mineral with properties that coal does
not possess Is rapidly forging to
the front. A mineral' that, the
possession or non-possession of
which In sufficient quantities, will
decide the ./ate of nations, and perhaps, of empires. Thla new fuel
Is oil.
The United States haa the.great-
graphy of any two matorial judges.
The Court—I don't caro, you
must not quote fiction as though It
wero history.
A Socialist—According to a living critic, Mr. G. K. Chesterton,
much history is fairy tale, and
many fairy tales are history.
Tho Court—Leave critics and fiction alone, and get on with your
A Socialist—My lord, I should
prefer you called it my nuc dlmlt-
lis. Gentlemen of the Jury, to wind
up what has been a lecture on the
law, and the working thereof, I
would ask you to cast your mind
back some three hundred years.
Around a man, a sane and quiet
man, thero clustered a circle bf
legal luminisltes. The man, who
was the centre of the proceedings,
held original, very original views
on the subject of the earth's movement through apace. His name was
Galllleo. Hia opinions on the subject did not coincide with the opinions ot hla Judges.
Of course Gallileo's views were
right, and that caae la a good example of the crass idiocy to which
a courtof law may descend. Thereforo I solemnly eautlon you, gentlemen, in regard to your verdict,
lest you prove boyond dispute, that
in the mere matter of Justice, law
courts hnve not progressed since
This closed the caae for tho defense. The judge next heatedly addressed the jury, who afterwards
retired to consider their verdict.
Iu half an hour the foreman returned to his placc.^
The Court—Are you agreed in
your verdict?
The Foreman—Two are unable
to agree,-my lord.
The Court—How is that?
The Forema n—My lord, every
mnn of tho jury pinched sonic of
the .exhibits from the tab!*1, and
instead of attending to their IjuhI-
neatt, arc busy learning, Soda Hart..
The Court thereupon settled the
difficulty by sentencing the accused
to rlx montha hard labor for contempt of court. ,
est oil resources, and It has been
American capitalism that haa introduced its uses into all parts of
the world. The highly combustlve
properties of oil, discovered
through improvements In refining,
make it .the speed-fuel par excellence. The automobile, aeroplane
and submarine, the fastest appliances In poace and war, arc all oil-
driven. Tlie modern Jsattleships
are being converted into oil-burn-,
£rs, and It is only a matter of time
until all ships and perhaps railroad
trains, will be driven by this wonderful product of the earth.
The future of this commodity,
more than even its present extensive and important uses, Is compelling tiie capitalist class of the
woi'Id to struggle for its possession.
The supremacy of tlie gi'eot powers
is ao dependent upon oil, that lt is
playing an important part at this
time in the readjustment of world
Had to Consider Oil
The French and British, la dividing the spoils of the great war,
had to tako oil resources Into consideration. In their partition of
Turkish territory they show conclusively that the control of oil Is
their chief consideration, if not the
actual reason for being there In
the first place. The British aro
laying to amalgamate into a subject state, three districts, Basra,
Bagdad and Mosul. This latter
district, the most Important because of Its oil resources, was at
flrst conceded to the French, but
by later agreement it was turned
over to Britain on condition that
the French would get 25 per cent,
of all oil in Mesopotamia.
That the British goernment has
long been aware of the importance
of getting control of oil territories,
is demonstrated by the manner in
which they protect and dominate
the oil combine of Great Britain.
This combine is known as the
Royal Dutch-Sheel Combine, and
has holdings m many parts of the
world, such as at Sarawak (British
India), Roumania, Egypt, United
Statea, Venezuela, Trinidad and
Mexico. By bringing the different
concerns together under one head
it puts the British oil interests ln
a strong position. In the early
part of 1914 the Britlah government bought for the sum of £2,-
200,000 the controlling interest'In
the Anglo-Persian Oil Co. It appears that a Hollander named De-
terding is the official head of this
combine. The original business
was carried on from The Hague,
Holland, but waa transferred to
London. Deterdlng Is now a British subject. The Royal Dutch-
Shell Combine ls the result of the
amalgamation of the Shell Transport & Trading Co., of London, thc
Royal Dutch (formerly of Holland), the Anglo-Persian, and the
Mexican Eagle OU Co. (S. Pearson
& Son of London), .
It wtll bc observed from the data
already given that the British control Is mostly In the nature of concessions outside of'the Empire. In
fact the British Empire has only
two per rent, of the world's oil
supply within its borders. The
United States has nearly two-thirds
under lta control, sixty per cent,
being within the United States itself. The struggle Is not confined
to competition' between these rival
oil groups over the markets, but
equally for development and extension of new fields.
Plans for tho Futuro
In The Independent for September 25, 1920, there ls an article entitled "Planning for Tomorrow,"
by Otfe Smith, director of the
United States Geological Survey, in
which he shows that this country
Is no longer "Independent." "The
great expansion of American industry today," he says, "brings us
face to face with>an insatiable demand for raw materials that may
e.-sv. ■ nd the domestic supply, for
even the United States, most favored of nations in the abundance
and variety of minerals, is not independent of other continents. The
federal geologist In his investigation of raw material requirements
of a war programme was led far
beyond our national boundaries,
and so it happens that as a byproduct of Its war work, the Geological Survey has now In press a
'World Atlas of Commercial Geology.' This production ln its original form was prepared for the
peace conference, and now planned for the desk of the business
man as well as of the college student' will exhibit graphically thc
distribution of mineral wealth over
the entire surface of the earth.
"No longer Is It sufflclent to know
Amerlea only: the world view of
the raw material situation is necessary if we are to build safe our
industrial structure. * * * Industrial strategy that plans future
campaigns must provide at the
front adequate supplies of both
materials and energy. But to determine what will b«< adequate tomorrow Is Itself a major problem
In statecraft, • ♦ • In a nation
whose industrial progress is by
leaps and bounds the look ahead
must be a long one. • "• • Just
now thc American problem Is both
a fuel and a power problem—demand continues to increaso faster
than the supply."
These opinions und remarks of
the director of the United Geological Survey are very significant. It
amounts to an admission that this
country has definitely abandoned
Ita policy ot "splendid isolation." •
The Geological Survey Is part
of the department of the Interior.
The name of that department, even
is now out of keeping with its functions aa It appears to he a department that is confined no longer to
the interior conditions of the United States.
Capitalist ha* long since gom
into its imperial stage and tht
leading countries of the world an
now dominated by Its policy. Capitalist imperialism doe? not always
have to conquer with armies.
Money bribes and other means are
used to control foreign resource;
and markets.
America's international pnanci-
ers of the Morgan type enter ever;
field where there are prospects 0
profits* 'Friendly governments an
supported, and unfriendly onc
readied and won over by om
mean« or another,
All in all, oil, is playing a moc
Important role. Mexico Is siippcr
ed to have unlimited resources n'
yot tapped. Many of the pblittoi
troubles ther- are the result of for
Keeping in Touch
THE woman who itcepsin touch with the extraor-1
dinary year-end bargains that are being offered here
is the one who benefits—the onc who is congratulated by j
less fortunate friends.
Near Granvillo
Palo Alto, Cal.—Resolutions calling for the freeing of all political
prisoners were passed at a meeting
held here recently at the Community House, at which a record
crowd was ln attendance. The telegram sent to Presidont Wilson waa
signed by many names, including a
large riumber of ex-service men.
Doctor David Starr Jordon, President Emeritus of Leland Stanford
University wag chairman of the
meeting.' The principal speakers
were Professor Guide Marx, Doctor
Edith Johnson, and Robert Whittaker, one of the California Chris
Una pacifist who were in jail dur
Ing the war.
Erie, Pa.—William D. Haywood
was not allowed to apeak here at
a public meeting arranged for him
by the local membera of the I. W.
W. The meeting, scheduled to take
place at Socialist Hall, December
15, had been widely advertised. The
evening prior to the meeting the
mayor of Erie, on complaint of
certain ministers, the Rotary Club,
Chamber or Commerce and Build'
era' Exchange, issued an arbitrary
order to the police to stop Haywood
from speaking.
The Weat London (Eng.) cooperative society has decided to
amalgamate with the London Society which will bring the membership of this society up to 110,-
,000 with-a capital of- $!>,520,000,
Other London societies are expected to take up the subject.
eign capital reaching out for further control. . '
The Carransa government on
January 31, 1917, adopted a constitution, the main provisions of
whicli called for heavy taxes on
foreign companies and the development of the nation by the Mexican government itself. At that
time "The Association of OU Producers in Mexico" was formed, also
tho "Association for the Protection
of American Rights in Mexico."
This latter title is almost humorous—Ameriean Rights In Mexico?
J. P. Morgan was chairman of that
"American Rights" hunch!
Well, Carranza is dead and a
successor is In his place, friendly
to foreign interests, and oil produc*
tinn will likely he uninterrupted
for some time to come In Mexteo.
More oil and still more oil will
be the call and quest of capitalist
powers from now on. Tho struggles, open and hidden, that are now
going on for control of this combustlve commodity may le£d to an
explosion thut will put ihe world
war in the shade. The complete
control of ull natural resources and
means of production by society as
whole Is the only solution.
Now Jumping Forty El
lions a Year—Peact]
„   Does Not Check
(By the Federated Press)
New Tork. — The debt of ■
world Is now $300,000,000,000.
Tho debt of the* nations or
world at the signing of the anrj
tice   was  $212,000,000,000.
The National City' Bank, ini
recent issue of Americas, gl-g
these figures, showing that the :
turn of peace has not cheeked tl
growth of world debt and the ot|
put of paper currency.
During thotwarjhe addit
the world debt was $40,000,00]
000 a year. In the flrst^year afil
tho armistice-the figure 'jumped f
$45,000,000,000. In the soco|
year lt was $42,000,000,000.
"Most of the after the war .
crease in national debts and if
per currency occurs in  EuropJ
says  the report    National   detl
in North and South America sh<1
an actual decline in   the   seco:1
peace year and but a trlfllnfe ll
crease in Apia, Africa and Oceanl|
while national debts increased
Europe   Increased   $30,000,000,0'
In the first year, following the ami
istice,   and  $46,000,000,000  ln  tlf
second year, just ended.
A newspaper heading, "derma
Locomotives Undersell All Rivals,
haa a familiar pre-war ring. It rej
minds one of the saying of a Dutc
merchant, commenting, on one
casion, on the unusual commercle'
experience with any article
trade: ^'America invents it, Brltai;
makes it good, Oermany makes 1
cheap."   *
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
U Hhuiii MrMI Win
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Oonneil
Rend the News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription prioe $2.00 per year; $1.00 for six montht
Address all communications with respoct to subs and advts., to
HAIIKV WII.LCOCKS, Business Mnnnger, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street. Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor should
be addressed to J. HOUSTON, same address.
Easy Shaving
Gillette or Auto Strop Safety Razors make thc daily
Shave easier.
We have a splendid line of both makes in many designs,
priced from $5.00 to $7.50 each.
The Complete Sporting Goods Store
Trash Ont Flowers, Funeral DcslgnB, W»«aing Bonqnets, Pot Flints
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bu)bs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
18 HastlngssStreet East T— Oranvllle Street
Soymour 988-972 Seymonr 951S
After a day's labor
than a
Bottlo of
Aak for it
It's Union-Mada
For Sale at all standi
Veaiminstef' Brewery Co? 1
ID..T...,, Uecemper 81, i»20
twelfth year Mom THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  Vancouver, bc.
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Workers' Department of the One Big Union
he Basic Principles of the
Labor Laws of Soviet Russia
ntroductlon to Pamphlet No. 1,
'he Labor Lawa of Soviet Russia,''
med  by   the   Soviet   Bureau   in
New York.)
"SHE fundamental principle underlying the labor laws of
Soviet Russia Is that society
tea everybody a living. The com-
uulty. Ib like one family, every
ember of which is supported out
the family income. The labor
w speaks of "citlsenB." In p^ic-
:e, however, there, is no differ-
between citizens and aliens
cause any person may become a
Izen by a mere declaration pf in-
itlon to become one.
Xt goes without saying that since
eryone is entitled to a seat at
community table, every able-
died person is required to con-
bute his or her -share towards
; work which is necessary to
ivide the community with the
ana for tho support of lta mem-
■s. This is described as "com-
isory labor."
The obligation to work for the
hmunlty begins with the age of
teen and terminates at the age
fl|ty. Old persons are support-
by the community; likewise all
-ioni who are permanently or
nporarlly Incapacitated for work.
Is Includes women for a period
eight weeks before and eight
eke after confinement. School
lldren are' required to take
inual training at school.
rhe community undertakes to
ovide every peraon with work. If
work can be found for any able-
died person, ho or she is entitled
full wage or salary for the
lole time of his or her involun
ry Idleness.
Aa far aa practicable, every
jrker must be assigned to work,
his trade or profession, if he
is any, and at his usual place oi
Bldence. If there Is no opening
a person's chosen field of work,
i may be assigned to and must
icept another class of work. ■ If,
iwever, the work Ib of a lever
ade, the worker ls nevertheless
titled to his regular compensa-
m which he would receive if em-
oyed at his own trade or pro-
saion. If no employment can be
und for a worker within the dls-
let where he resides, he may be
islgued to work ln another dls-
Night work Is prohibited for all
j-ersona under the age of li*, and
or women of all ages. The sftme
[lasses are excluded from .ill kinds
if employment which are constd-
sred "especially hard or   danger-
In   nationalized   industries   the
terms of employment are regulated
by rules framed by the labur or-
Kanlsationa,   subject   to   the   approval of tho People's Commisarial
tt Labor, which corresponds to the
Department of Labor of lho United
Statea     In   establishments   oper-
ited by. private capital the terms
igreed upon between the owners or
lirectors of the establishments and
the labor unions,  likewise subjec^
to approval by the People's Commissariat of Labor.    It no agree
stent can be reached between capital and labor the  terms of   employment are drawn up    by   the
trade unions and    submitted    for
approval to the People's Commis-
lariat of Labor.   This provision of
the Soviet labor laws la theoreti-
sally   tantamount   to   compulsory
arbitration.   It must be  borne in
nind, however, that the People's
Commissariat bf Labor la a Soviet
institution, ln the election of which
labor has a dominating vote.
i A normal working day muat not
fxceed eight hours for day work
ir.d seven hours for night work.
the normal working day for per-
»ns under 18 years of age must not
►xceed six hours.   If the character of the work Is auch that It
annot be stopped at the end of a
ormal working day, two or more
ibor   shifts   must    be    engaged,
■vertime   ls   permitted   only   in
mergencles.     Where   the   emer-
ency would not endanger human
fe   or   Involve   Interruption   In
ater supply, lighting,   sewerage,
r transportation, overtime work la
ermltted only with the consent of
ne labor unions whoBe   member-
flip ls affected.   No persons under
years of age, nor any women
re permitted to work  overtime,
i no case   may  overtime   exceed
mr   consecutive    hours    In    the
ourse of two consecutive weeks,
or may overtime be resorted to
lore than on 50 dayB during the
ear.    Tlie guiding idea    ls    that
henever lt may be foreseen that
ie work of any establishment can
ot be completed with the regular
iree within a normal working day,
dditional shifts of workers muBt
e provided for.
Every worker Ib entitled    to
acatlon with pay of two weeks ln
very six months.
In order to avoid    aa    far
oBsible   dlBputes   between    wage
arners   and    the    employera    of
abor over the performance of the
sr'ms of employment, every work-
r ls provided with a "labor book-
Bt," In which must be entered the
erms   of "his   employment,    the
.uantlty of work   performed,   tho
mount of wages reeolved by him,
nd all other particulars relating
u his work and payment
The right to "hire and flre" ls
iot left to  the discretion of the
employer. Before any person ls
permanently engaged he must undergo a probation period of one
week; ln nationalized establishments the probation period ia two
weeks for unskilled labor and one
month for skilled labor. If any
employee Is rejected after probation he may appeal to his union.'
If hla union considers his complaint Justified it may enter into
negotiations with his employor.
Should negotiations fall the matter may be submitted to the looal
offlce of the Commiaarlat of Labor,
which may order the appointment
of the complainant to a permanent
position or may dismiss his complaint. After a person has been
appointed to a permanent position
he may be discharged tor unfitness
only with the consent of his labor
union. Both the employer and the
employee may appeal the matter
to the local and the district ofllce
of the Commissariat of L^tor, respectively. Tbe decision of '.lie district office is final.
Every wage earner Is required
to turn out the' standard output
fixed for his class and grade of
work by the valuation committee of
hla labor union, subject to the approval of the Commissariat, of
Labor, representing the interests
of labor, and the Council of National Economy, representing the
Interests of national industry. A
wage earner, who falls below the
standard may be demoted by decision of the valuation committee
of his union, but he may appeal
from that decision to the local and
the district office of the Commissariat of Labor. The decision of
the district offlce la final. In case
of negligence or bad faith a wage
earner may be discharged without
notice, subject to the agreement
of his labor union.   $
A worker may be discharged In
case of a shutdown of the establishment or of suspension of work
for more than a month or in case
of cancellation of special orders.
The discharge of a worker for
these reasons is likewise appealable
to the local and district offices of
the Commissariat of Labor. In
every case the worker is entitled
to two weeks' notice of the proposed discharge.
On the other hand, the worker Is
entitled to two weeks' notice of the
proposed discharge.
On the other hand, the worker Is
not at liberty to quit his job at
pleasure. He must tender his resignation, which must be passed
upon by the shop committee. If
the ahop committee, after a hearing, declines to accept the resignation, the wage earner must remain at work, but he may appeal
to his trade union, whose doclsion
Is barred from other employment
for one week and forfeits his unemployment beneflt for that period.
Theae rules do not apply,' however, to persona] service and to
temporary employment where the
worker is at liberty to quit at
In order to carry Into effect the
principle! which have been summarized in the preceding paragraphs, suitable machinery has
been provided by the labor code.
Every wage earner must enroll
with some labor organization,
whereupon he Is assigned by the
valuation committee of his union
to a certain trade and claas. Thla
la ln principle a continuation and
extension of the guild system,
which existed under the old laws
of the Russian Empire.
A system of labor inspection has
been provided for under the Jurisdiction of the People's Commissariat of Labor. Labor inspectors
are elected by the central bodies
of the trade unions. The powers
of the labor inspectors are very
wide. They may enter at any time
of the day or night every industrial
establishment, as well as the lodgings provided by the employers for
their workers. They may adopt
special rules for the removal of
conditions endangering the life and
health of employees. They may
require the production by the man.
agement of all the booka and
records of tho establishment, and
they may prosecute all persons
violating the provisions of the
labor code.
Flnt Aid,
First Aid Instruction Classes will
ommence January 4.    The Com-
tension Board will arrange class.
previous to that date if twenty
t more will attend.      	
There is a report current that
Argentina may Iobo her credit on
account of her withdrawal from
the League of Nations conference
at Geneva. We do not attach nny
particular Importance to lt and are
inclined to be sceptical; yet nny
onc can see that this would be a
first-rate way to keep the League
of Nations going. Tho rumor ls of
Interest only as an Indication of
the exact place where thc power
and authority of International political agreement really lies. If
one wants to know whether nny
League of Nations or any '"association of nations" will take rank as
a going concern, It ls the bankers
of New york, London and Paris,
who can furnish the Information,
and not the diplomats at Geneva.
The ultimate control, in other
words, Is economic control; political control is only an appearance
and a registration. It is true of
nations as of Individuals that the
control of their job, with all that
this Implies, ls the control of their
destiny.—Editorial in The Freeman.
Were we living in a civilized
community we-could not help being appalled at the recent reports
issued by the Workmen's Compensation Board of the number of fatal accidents and Injuries to
those working In the lumber industry of this province. Realizing,
however, the jjallouB brutality iot
tne modern system of society based' upon private profit derived
thrush the exploitation of the
tm-mucrs of the working cla&i, wl
can quite understand the apathy
with wiuon this announcement wa*
re- elwd by the public generally.
No comvient favor;^ ii.«'r«'jPed
protection,' or- additional co.upen*
sa lion to the corners or increased
penalty upon Lhe employers was
even hinted b-' lu so-called public
press.  That la not their function.
Not even once haa any paper,
outside of the labor press, ever
advocated even the enforcement
of the health act, which _ would
give the workers some degree of
protection to which they are entitled, but which they will not get
until they make the laws themselves and take the enforcement
Into their own hands. A degree of
success along these lines has been
attained by the lumber workers'
organization but much yet femalns
to be done for there are atlll a
large number of camps throughout
the country where the conditions
are damnable, and not only a menace to the health of the workers
therein but to the general community with whom they at times
eome in contact.
The manner in which the Workmen'a Compensation Board has
endeavored tp enforce its rules
covering safety first precautions
and compelled the * provision of
firBt aid kits on all jobs gives sufficient evidence that If the administration of the Health Act was In
their hands, Its enforcement would
not be the dead letter that it now
lt, and, consequently, the workers
would beneflt accordingly. This
fact can be taken as sufficient evidence that the employers will actively oppose such a change being
made, and the government, now
It Is again safely in office for
another term will doubtless obey
the ordera of its masters, the
employing and flnanclal interests.
Some workers may take the view
that the provision of qualified first
aid men on the job is the bosses'
duty. This is true, according to the
law, but It only applies to Jobs with
twenty or more men, but the continued existence of unsanitary
campa and the non-enforcement of
the semi-monthly pay act and other
professedly working-class legislation haa already taught the worker that the laws professing to govern the actions of the employer will
be lived up to by him only when
an efficient administration backed
by a solidly organized and educated working claas compel It.
In the meantime a knowledge of
Frst Aid is very essential to those
workers engaged In a dangerous
occupation, for they never know
when the need will arise to apply
the knowledge to another worker,
or have it applied to themselves.
The men who are now In town in
lnrge numbers should take advantage qf the opportunity given tbem
by attending the classes in first aid
work, which will be held in the
offices of the Workmen's Compensation Board, commencing Tuesday, January 4, at 8 p.m. Instruction Is free.
The coast district convention of
the L. C. and A. W. Dept. of the
O. B. U., will be held In Vancouver
on the week commencing January
10, 1921. The convention will be
called to order at 61 Cordova street
west, at 10 a.m.
The basis of representation will
be one delegate for the first fifty
(50) members or less, and one (1)
additional delegate for each additional 50 members or major fraction thereof.   •   _.
The Coast executive has decided
that thoso delegates who came
from a camp that Is still operating,
and who are .going to return to
that camp will bo paid their transportation and $3 per day for expenses while attending the convention, providing they represent
twenty-six (26) members, or more,
All delegates who are in town, and
represent camps that have closed
C. wu, will not receive any remun
uraJon  whatsoever.
At thc regular meeting on De
cember 26, delegates were nomi
nated to represent those members
in town who are not represented by
a delegate. .Credentials bearing the
nominees' name are In* the
office, and any member in good
standing who has not alrcndy voted for a delegate in camp can write
his name and curd number on the
credential of any nominee he
chooses, but can only vote for one
nominee. Any nominee receiving
twenty-six (26) signatures oY more
shall bo recommended to the eon
ventlon to be seated as a delegate.
« Signed on behalf or the Coast
Coast  District Secretary.
Cranbrook District on Jan. 2.
Coast Dfcftrict on Jan. 10.
Genoral Convention at Vancouver, Jan. 17*
japan Log Co	
Metalliferous Mines..
.Jackson Bay
 Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
Members using expressmen In
the city are warned that it Is reported that Bennett's Transfer,
which is run by W. Simpson, at 97
Alexander atreet, Is opposed to employing O. B. U. or other union
drivers. It ls alleged that ExpresB-
men Parker, Cornwall, Hicks and
the P. & L. Transfer, some of
whom claim to carry O. B. U. cards
are taking baggage from the
wharves to Bennett's storage, and
receiving 60 cents on each lot for
so doing. This amount Is charged
to the owner when hla baggage is
delivered. Take note that O. B.
U. men, other than tho above, and
Bennett's Transfer, take O. B. U.
numbers' baggage from the
wharves to storage without-making
any charge for same.
Delegates'are requested to take
note that A. Brooka refused to pny
his dues to the delegate at Green
Point Rapids. The boys passed a
motion that he either pay up or
take the boat. Ho took the boat.
Delegates are requested to keep
htm moving on.
When through wltb this paper,
ass It oi.
Fellow Workers: I would like to
give you a few hints on the past
and future strikes, As I .look at
the past strikes of the wage slaves
with my little experience of being
one of them, I think that a great
majority of them do not use their
brains; beoause asthdy make a few
dollars, especially those who have
no one depending upon them, they
march straight to the nearest lazy,
non-producing, exploiting bootleg*,
ger and give him their hard-earned
spare dollars for a bottle of anything that will put their brains out
of use, and make them more Ignorant than a donkey. For you
know tf you .don't treat.a donkey
fair, he Is far more liable to kick,
than these muddle-headed whis-
*koy-aoaKed human beings.
The flrat thing you know when
the ceah has gone to the bootlegger, Is that you have ten hours a
day offered to you at $4 per day.
Perhaps less; I predict so, for lt ls
easy to see how you are the man
the parasite; likes to get hold of,
Stoney, not knowing where the
next meal is coming from, and
where you are going to sleep. Tou
take this 10-hour Job, no matter
what condition! are ln the camp.
By tho way, perhaps you notice
I mentioned "with my Uttle experience aa a wage slave." Now, you
will wbndei what I haye been previous to becoming a wage slave.
Weil, nol a capitalist, but a hired
thug of the capitalist (soldier), 13
years, and little did I think when
wearing the uniform and drawing
my weekly dole that lt waa the
blood and sweat of the wage slaves
that was paying me to defend the
property of the capitalist class.
Also I may mention to keep the
poor wage slaves from trying to
break loose their chains that have
held them for generations. I refer to that war mad fanatic, Winston Churchill, Oreat Britain's secretary for war. I remmeber well
a very short time after the armistice, the workers journal, Daily
Herald, of England, bringing to
the eyes of the people how he sent
secret circulars to all G. O. C. to
find out what effect unionism had
on the men tn the army. I leave
you to guess "why."
After gaining and being awarded five medala ln this last war (as
I thought, for freedom), I return
to a Btlll greater struggle, a class
struggle, so that I may live the
same as the so-called upper clasa
society, and why not, .when I produce far more than X consume, and
the surplus goes to the master
clnss to live in luxury, and they
think nothing of spending more ln
a day than I am doled out with in
a year. In exchange for my commodity "labor power."
Now, I want you,-fellow workers, instead of thinking where you
are going to spend your stake, get
hold of some good, honest reading
material. "The Trdth," I mean,
not the lying capitalist associated
press. Just read what Upton Sinclair thinks and says In the "Brass
pheck" about the A. P., and you
wtll never read another. There Is
plenty of literature to be had for
sending 50 cents to our secretary,
and It ls all the truth. That is
why the A. P. don't publish It, because It Is detrimental to this present capitalistic system.
In future I hope when there is a
strike, that it will be by the major-r
ity vote of the workers, that the
poor conditions are meted out to.
It was reported that in some strikes
the men never had a vote, but some
one rushed ln and said they had
to Btrike.   %
Through the scabs, mostly from
the prairie, tbe men had to give
in, but there has been no greater
need . for organisation than the
present offers with thousands of
unemployed unorganized slaves
running around looking for work,
Many of the men from the prairie
aTe beginning to realize the necessity of organizing tp get a betterment for the working class, and
instead of coming to the west to
work against the Improved conditions, which we have fought so
hard to get, I.e., the 8-hour day,
no blankets t0 be carried, and better campa, they will assist us in
making them general throughout
the Industry, although, of course,
there are a few that still want you
to live like pigs, and worse.
There are a great many commodities, necessary to keep one alive,
that are 200 per cent, increased,
yet the wages are going down and
the hours being lengthened with
thousands of unemployed. Why
not shorten the hours and give all
those unemployed a chance of a
Job, they have to eat and the system of the . capitalist says they
must work or starve, and yet they
close mills and factories on ac
count of over production, and at
the same time shout to us to pro
duce more. By the reduction of
wages and lengthening the workday, the capitalists expect you to
produce mpro profits for him. He
member, organization is the only
way to beat the proflt grabbers.
There Is no hope to bei\t them individually, only by bargaining collectively, can we do this.
We operate the means of production, therefore the wealth of
the world ia In our hands. So In
the name of emancipation, organize
all workers In the One Big Union.
Not until then will the wage slaves
of this world be lifted from the
depths of poverty and hunger to
live as human beings.
Organize with a union principle.
Remember that word "principle."
It means a lot. Don't carry the
card for the sake of saying, "I'm
a union man." What we want to
hear: "I've got the union principle," and -stay with- It. When ,we
produce for use, and not for profit,
then will be the time we shall get
our share. Down with the capitalistic systom, and forward to a cooperative commonwealth. When it
shall be, "He that doeth no work,
neither shall he eat."
I quite agrree with Organizer's
Johnson's letter re organizing. It
must be a very trying Job, as there
are so many of those poor Ignorant
workere that do not realise thc
necessity of organizing, and through
their ignorance, are exploited to
the greateat extent. Not only that,
but go to it and scab on the man
that sees the way to a better world.
In future, I hope every worker will
look after his spare cash. Then
he Is more liable to get a better-
Camp Reports
Campbell's Camp
An article, appeared ln the Federatlonist, dated December G, with
five resolutions in all. Now I would
like to ask the delogate and camp
committee if they can quote the expense of the Worker weekly and
the expense of the Federatlonist
weekly? I have to be "Mlssouried"
in a case like this.
There must have been about four
members who had something to say
regarding Resolution 2, and I think
very poor Judgment was shown on
the same.
After you have put ln a good
summer and got blown ln, and
have 90 per cent, of the camps off
the market for Blaves, and 70 per
cent, of the boys ln town broke,
where are you going to get the
money to start a union paper?
Why did you not think of these
resolutions when logs were a good
price, not wait till they are of low
value, and the backbone of the
L. W. I. U. out of oats. No doubt
you may hear lt said many times
that the union haa not got any
money ln the treasury to start a
flght or carry oh a general strike",
but still you advocate, or resoluni-
tate the union-owned paper. Why,
fellow worked, do you do this?
When making a motion we
ahould keep ln mind at all times
what value or obstacle It will be
In the future If adopted. I think'
we should use more judgment as
regards a thing qf thta nature and
not plunge headlong into the. gutter of expense before we see our
way clear. Hoping to receive an
early reply,
Acme-Drumheller Line
Burns & Jordan's Construction
Camp No. 5
About 100 men, working nine
hours per day, seven days per
week, with lota of drivers looking
down their collars. Men are docile; Dago Pete, 16 years with the
company, Is the chief slave driver.
About 12 men were flred for not
working on Sunday; among them
were some returned soldiers. Foreman ordered them to leave camp
rlght"iway'on the Sunday, but they
did hot go'. This has been going
on all fall Where are the Blue
Laws? They were charged $1.50
hospital fees for four days' work.
Wag^es were 40 cents per hour.
Board $1*20 per day. Cook is a
mulligan mixer and stomach robber.  *
Twelve -men to a bunk-house,
which.|'s ihe size of an ordinary
cabpoae. Single bunks of wood,
two ..tiers, high. Old mattress that
canip ( oyer with Champlaln.
Twentyifii;e cents charged for a
box, of. Eddy's parlor size.
One worker made $4.85 for four
days' work and spent $4.30 rail
fare. Auto fare $2.50 from camp
to Grainger. Food $1.50 for trip.
Total $8.30. Result: $3.45 out of
The district convention was hejd
at Edmonton on Dec. 26. A full
report of proceedings will be given
in a later issue.
The actions of the Lumber
Workers delegates at Port Arthur
were unanimously endorsed, as also
were those taken by the Lumber
Workers central executive arising
out of the Port Arthur proceedings.
Strong criticism was made of
the action of those who claim to
be the O. B. U. executive for having published reports that thc
Builders and Transportation Units
had withdrawn from the C. L. C.
before the membership of those
units had held meetings or come to
any decision on this matter..
A delegate was elected to the
Lumber Workers general convention .and Instructions given that
the industrial form of organization
be maintained.
After the January convention,
meetings aro to be held weekly.
Nominations for district executive:
Fellow Workers Albert Stenberg,
Thos. K. Hill, Ed. Helgeson, Alfred
Sterner, Archie McKinnon, Fritz
Schuppel nnd J. Smith.
Carl E. Berg was elected by acclamation ns district secretary, and
delegate to  the convention.
Shevlln & Gierke outfit tried to
cut wages in their camps recently.
They were paying $70 a month for
certain class of workers and $50
for others. The price is now $50
and $4fi. Am soon as the hoys
heard the news they held meetings
In camp and decided to walk out,
Consequently, a number of campa
are no\^,closed. In other enmps lt
vafi decided to hold down the job
until the district convention bo as
to get united action along whatever lines finally decided upon.
immediately after the boss at
Camp 2 knew of the action of the
men,, he fired five union members,
thereupon the balance decided it
was a case for solidarity, and so
the .reinstatement of the five wus
ment, by being able to stick to the
principle of a union man, and not
to have to go back to worse conditions tjjari- he Ib already kicking
against. I hope never again to have
a jl.uiuborjack come to me to bum
"flour fc[UB" for a bottle of lemon
extract. Juat think of it. After
the bootlegger has got your cash,
bumming four bits to poison himself? Wo know the slave's life la
bad 'enough, but don't poison yourself for the sake of the capitalists.
We need your help to dig the grave
for this wago slavery and 'capitalism, and us the secretary, J. L.
Peterson, says: Every ono be an
organizer; try to recruit all workers, . regardless of creed or color,
In the One Big Union. Then we
will cast the chains into the melting pot, never to be molded again.
As long as you kiss the hand
thut strikes you, and tho foot that
kicks you, so long will you be a
tool of the capitalist claas. ' "An
injury to ono ls an Injury to all.
Don't be a dirty scab.
Yours for emancipation,
f H. II.
The regular propaganda meeting
was held in Vnncouver, December
26fl 1920, at 2 p.m., Fellow-worker
Holllday ln the chair.
Minutes of the previous meeting
were read end adopted.
Financial report given In detail
Bal. on hand, Dec. 10 $1,806.39
Receipts   ...*    845.60
Bal. on hand Dec. 23 ....$1,811.65
Report received and referred to
Moved: "That we nominate
delegates for tho Coast convention
to represent the membera in town
who are not already represented
by a delegate."   Carried.
Moved: "That any member who
la nominated-for a delegate and his
nominator must show their cards."
Tho nominees were G. A, Clark,
J. Grieder, John Clark, M.' McDonald, D. Herdman, T. Rellly,
Walter Head, M. MatheBon, W. A.
Moved: "That resolutions for
the convention shall be now discussed."   Carried.
Moved: "That when the convention opens a committee be appointed to take over the affairs of
the organization until A new set
of officials are elected,"   Carried.
Moved: Whereas at the last
Central convention the delegates
sent from the Coaat district convention failed to expresa the sentiments of the district they. represented; and
"Whereaa the delegates from
the Coast district to the O. B. U.
general convention acted , In accordance with their own personal
views and failed to represent the
district that aent them;
"Therefore, be it resolved that
delegates elected from camps to
conventions and from convntlon to
convention express the sentiments
and Ideas of the body that appointed them."
Amendment: "That the words
as far as possible' be added."
Amendment lost.    Motion carried.
Fellow-worker Rellly withdrew
his name as a nominee for delegate for the convention."
Nominations were then reopened and Fellow-workers W.
Moore and E, Laney were added
to the list of nominees.
Moved: "That an organizer be
appointed for the Coast district."
Motion lost.
Moved: "Whereas the needs of
the workers can best be understood
by a worker ln that industry; and
"Whereas by allowing Individuals
to hold offlce who have never been
engaged Jn the Industry we lay ourselves open to having fostered upon
ua professional labor leaders; and
"Whereas, an official who has
been removed from the industry
for any prolonged period la out of
sympathy with ub, and has no
practical knowledge of our needs;
"Therefore, be It resolved that a
nominee for any official position In
the L. C. ft A. department of the
O. B. U. ahall prove to the satisfaction of the convention that he
has* been engaged In the Industry
during the six months previous,
and no official to hold office longer
than six months and shall not be
eligible to hold office for two consecutive terms."    Carried.
Moved: "That the unemployed
members of this organization pass
resolutions and hand to their delegates to the convention."
Amendment: "That on Sunday,
January 9, the members who are
In town and not represented by a
delegate hold a special meeting to
instruct their delegates to the convention."
Amendment to the amendment:
"That on January 9, the members
of the L. C. and A. W. department
of the O. B. U., that are not represented by a delegate, hold a
special meeting and instruct their
delegates to the convention; and
that the resolutions passed at this
meeting be also handed to the dole-
Amendment to the amendment
Moved: "That all members who
attend tho mooting on Janunry 9
must be able to show a receipt Issued by the Lumber Workers'
Union."   Carried.
Moved: "That the Coast, delegates submit a resolution to the
general convention favoring the Industrial form of ogranizution; and
that they ask other Industrial units
to co-operato' with them." Carried.
Meeting adjourned at 5 p.m.
Angus McCormlck, previously
with Comox Log Co., headquarters.
E. Hall, Hi 120; P. A. Vlgner,
V120; F. G. Powell, James McLaughlin, II. Cliallender, K. C. 130;
John Williams, Alf Malund, M211,
and E, Johnsson, Miko Hurras, formerly of Cranbrook district; Oswald Hultmun, H. W. Mansfield,
Pete Fedoryk.
Any ono knowing tho where-
nbouts of Ale*. Weis, last heard of
at Kingsgute, B. C, January, 1910.
Please communicate with his
brother, Joe Weis, Box 82, Prince
George, B. C.
Will Robert McMillan and Owen
White communicate with Prince
Rupert office?
In futuro the Mill Workers'
meetings will bc held ln conjunction with tlio regular meetings nt
ticadqmirtcrs, on the 2nd nnd 4th
Sundays of the month, at 2 p.m.
With reference to the list of men
reported as having scabbed at
Norton's camp, Ituzu Island: Mntt
Skelton states that he did not scab
on this or any othor job, and asks
members to take note of this atatement.
Where is the Union Button?
demanded. This being refused, the
bunch walked out. Camp 13 Is
also closed. Tho company has
standing ordera for men at Winn!
peg and Port Arthur, but ennnot
get them, as the camps around
Port Arthur are paying slightly
higher wages and therefore get
flrst call on the men,.
Minutes of Kamloops District
Convention Held Dec 23 and 24
Convention called to order by
Secretary-treasurer Jamea L. Peterson at 2 p.m. Fellow Worker It.
Higgins elected chairman; Fellow
Worker Alex. Miller elected recording secretary.
Moved and. seconded that all
members In good standing be seated at this convention.   Carried.
Resolution No. 1.—Whereas, the
great Influx of unorganized workers from the Prairie Provinces
every fall to the lumber campa,
makes conditions unfavorable to
the workers In the lumbering industry, as the former are unfamiliar wtth the struggle of the organized lumber workera to maintain wagea and living conditions
are used by the employera to cut
wages and take away living conditions that have been forced
from thein by the organized lumber worker, and whereas ihe only
hope of remedying th-fa state of ar-
falra to any extent lies ln organizing and educating the agricultural
workera in the Prairie Provinces,
therefore be it resolved, that the
delegates to the next general convntlon be Instructed to bring thia
matter before the convention and
point out the necessity of a more-
Intensive campaign of education
and organization in the Prairie
Provinces.   Adopted.
Reaolutions adopted by Prince
George taken up for consideration.
Moved and seconded that resolutions from Prince George be tabled.
Moved and seconded that this
convention is in favor of combining Kamloops and Merritt dis-
tr/< Is.
Amendment to motion. That
Kamloops, Merritt and Penticton
districts be combined.   Carried.
Moved and seconded that delegates to general convention be-Instructed to advocate a general
strike In the lumbering Industry
when the time ls ripe to get the
eight-hour day,  Carried.
Moved and seconded that two
delegates be sent to general convention.   Carried.
Moved and seconded that in view
of the fact that there Is insufficient
time to aubmit for referendum the
nominee for delegates to general
convention that same be elected
from floor of this convention. Carried.
Nominations: Frank Knowles)
Steve Monley, N. D. McKinnon;
moved and seconded that nominate as be closed.   Carried.
Moved and seconded that ele-
gates be elected by secret ballot
Balloting committee elected:
Olson, McLaughlin, Manson, Ferguson and Stevenson. Result of
ballot, McKinnon 10, Knowles 9,
Manley 9. Result of second ballot: Manley 8, Knowles 8. Result
of third ballot: Manley 9, Knowles
7. Moved and seconded that ballots be recounted.   Motion lost.
Moved and seconded that dele*
gates to general convention be Instructed to work for the industrial
form of organization.   Carried.
Moved nnd seconded that delegates to general convention be Instructed to advocate a campaign
of education against the piece
work and bonus system.   Carried.
Moved and seconded that we adjourn till 10 a.m. Frlay, December
24. Carried. Meoting adjourned
at 8:15 p.m.
Seoond Session—Dec, 34, 1920
Convention called to order 10:30
a.m. by Secretary-Treasurer James
L. Peterson. Fellow Worker R,
Higgins elected as chairman.
Minutes 0f previous session read
and approved.
Moved and seconded that In event
of convention not being concluded
by one o'clock, that .we adjourn
at that hour for lunch.   Carried.
Moved and seconded that delegates to general convention be In*
strutted to advocate the stamp syatem In place of receipts now used.
Moved and seconded that we
elect two alternates to general convention.   Carried.
Nominees for alternates, 1st alternate, Frank Knowles; second
alternate, J. W. Shannon. Moved
and seconded that the nominees
bo elected by acclamation. Carried.
Moved and seconded that delegates to general convention be allowed transportation and five dollars a dny.
AmemVnent: That they receive
transportation and three dollars a
dny. Amendment lost. Original
motion carried.
Moved and seconded_ that original delegates to convention give at
least ten days' notice to sccrelury
that they will lie In attendance ut
general  convention.   Carried.
Moved and seconded that delegates who attend general convention must report to district office
(»n proceedings nnd expenses. Car*
Nominations opened foi* district
secretary-treasurer, Kamloops district. Nominees: W. S. Kilner and
J. F. Johnson. Moved and seconded that nominations for district
secretnry close.    Carried.
Nominations for district executivo board The nominees nre, N.
D. McKinnon, p. B. McDonald,
John L, McDonald, James Daley,
Wm. Dostcr. Moved and seconded
that we phone J. F. Johnson and
flnd out lf ho accepts nomination
for district secretary.   Carried.
Moved nnd seconded that we set
May 1, 1P21, na a date to throw
away all blankets and any worker
packing blankets after that dnte
be classed aa a acab.   Carried.
Moved and seconded thut ballots 'on district referendum be In
district office by Janunry 20, 1921.
Moved and seconded that ballots
must bv sent to dlatrlct office marked (Referendum ballots) on the
wrapper and must not be enclosed
with other mall.   Carried.
Nominations for general executive boafrl member. Nominees ure
James L, Peterson nnd Frank
Knowles. Moved and seconded
"that nominations close. Carried.
Mov'id and seconded that thc sec
relary'6 salary remo in aB at pres
ont. Carried. Follow Worker It.
Hi|.gtnb reportod on matters con
CL-rnlng tho general orgnnization
and on the action of delegates who
withdrew from thc Port Arthur
District secretary reported on
membership und submitted  finan
cial statement as follows?
Secretary's Statement
Total  membership  on  file,  Kamloops   District    ......2,409
Total amount of members paid up
to Dec.  1 ....$    OSS
Total amount of members paid up
to Sept.* 1 '. ;.....  216
Total amount of members paid up
to July  1    „   511
Sick Benefit Report to December
15* 1920
Total collections  $1,021.00
Expenditures. $276.06  .
Total balance on hand      046.06
Union Bank Balance to December
15, 1MO
Cash on hand November 20 $7S4.0T
Receipts to the 15th of
December  202.SS
Expenditures to the
16th' of Dec $121.07
Balance on Dec. iS '.  828.80
Moved and seconded that secretary's rep Ml" be accepted.   Carried.
Moved and seconded that convention adjourn.   Carried.
Convention adjourned at 1:26
Recording secretary
Winnipeg District
National Tie Co., Sunatrom, Ont
Indian Lake Lumber Co., Os-
quan, OnL -
Keewatln Lumber Co,, Keewat-
in, Ont.
Hockles Tie Camp,, Ignace, Ont.
Alt of the above.camps have cut
the wagea from $15-$30 a month;
hostile to bur organisation, and'
camps built like pig-pens.
Every union man is urged to get
into them, get others organised
and then exercise the,- necessary
means in the manifestation of our
Watoh New Depot Cafe, Reglna,
The New Depot Cafe, South
Railway atreet, Reglna, fired our
woman comrade for being a member and organizer for the O. B, U
Workers, remember that.
The Class Nature
of Politics
THE COMMON habit of the average Individual Is to look upon
politics aa the business of running the government to the best interests of the whole. While glaring Instances of political corruption
tend to make him believo that a
certain few enter politics for personal advantage, yet the real function of government ts to Impartially hand out "justice" to all members of society and to administer
the affairs of the country to the
best Interests of all. This view Is
onc which haa been carefully fos- -
tered by those In power In order to
hide the existence of classes In society, which classes directly arise
out of the economic fabric known
as capitalism.
Despite all the cries of "equal
opportunity" and "equality before
the taw," the fact remains that the
vast gigantic Instruments of modern production belong by the right
of private property to a small number in society, and that 65 per cent
of the population, to quote the report of the Commission of Industrial Relations, "owns but 6 per
cent, of the wealth of the country."
How can one conceive of equality
between these two classes?
Nominally .there is equality before the law, but what Is the nature of the law of the' land and for
what purpose does It exist? The
fundamental tenet on which capitalist legality ls based Is the right
of private property—freedom of
the Individual to own and personally proflt from land, mills, mines
or othor means of wealth protection thnt other members of society
must have access to In order to
live. Tho government, therefore, Is
but n machine for administering
private property—for preserving
and extending the privileges of the
possessing class.
One great difference between
socinl classes of today und of former epochs la the fact that the
possibility of an Individual leaving
his class nnd entering nnother waa
indeed remote ln bygone days. Class
position was determined by birth,
and certain honors ond privileges
attached themselves to a blue-
blooded Individual even though reduced to penury. Today, however,
the possession (if wealth Is tho sole
standard of classification. The luws
of Inheritance, lucky speculation,
etc., mny suddenly elevate one to
the rnnks of the dividend-reapers.
Classes, todny, therefore, are not
so rigid as to the individuals com-
poslng them, but the class Institution Is part and parcel of the economic system. So long us private
property exists, employer and employee are Indlspenslble to each
other,, which means that wealth
und privilege for a few can only
exist nt tho expense of thc many.
Properly holders are not agreed
as to thc manner of administering
the business of the country, becauso property Is not all of the
same kind. While all are united
In one front against the class they
profit from, yot among themsolves
the battlo for more privilege goes
on. In the early days of capitalism, industrial capitalists, landed
proprietors, and financial capitalists nil fought umong themselves to
seek mnstery of, the powers of government, ln order to shift the burden of taxation on to other groups
and to pass measures beneficial to
themselves. Today, however, the
flnanclal capitalist Is foremost. The
line between land and Industry Is
not nearly so distinct; the same Interests control both forma of property. Tho political conflict Is
now expressed ln a battle between ■
the two tending banking houses,
Tho lower section of the capitalist class, the small fry, flnd themselves ground down by the monopolistic privileges of the big
money kings, and thetr economlo
position Is expressed by reform pat;
ties aiming to wipe out the excessive profits of those above them,
and to securo a more uniform con-
(Continued on page I)
i *¥3S5ffTOOT
xwelfth yeah. No. h THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   Vancouver, b. a
FRIDAY............»eeember It,
.   '.Vi'.ii.l =
is no more efficient operate™ trt capitalism, and industry under 'that system,
than those that are at present carrying it
on today. The workers are the producers
Of all wealth. They operate capitalistic
society. They operate industry. They
produce but do not own, and in that and
tht alone, lies the solution o^ the working
class problem. The present method of
production is uhworkable. It cajuiot supply the people with necessities. -It enslaves and starves the many for tha
benefit of the Lord Iicverhulmes, and the
rest of his tribe of parasitic gro.yth. No
power on earth, not even the working
class, ean bring anything else out.of capitalism than what is at present in existence, and that is poverty, misery, disease
and death. It is the system that is
wrong. Workers on directorates of industrial corporations would have 'exactly
the same system to meet as have the
present holders of those offices, and they
could do nd better. > Lord Leverhulme is
right. Disaster would follow the control
of-industry by workers, just as it has under the present control, but it Would not
be because of the inability of the workers
to manage industry, but due to the impossibility of operating capitalism. Only
when the present system is swept into
oblivion can industry bo operated so that
all may live and enjoy the fruits of their
toil. There ean never be any better conditions between capital and labor. The
class war is on, and the fight is for the
control of the meatus of life, in spito of
all those that would deny the existence of
the class struggle, it becomes more open
every day. Until that issue is settled, the
mission of the workers will not be accomplished. Until that time, business
will become worse. Unemployment
will bo moro and more in evidence, and
the workera seeking tp control their lives
and happiness, \ti\l -.only realize their
aims when they have abolished the system that enslaves' them. Lord Leverhulme
states that the workers do not understand the relation of capital to labor.
They do not, but when they do, capital
will cease to exist. Wealth will remain,
but wealth is not necessarily capital, arid
only becomes such, when it is used, in the
exploitation of the world's proletariat.
"Washington, Doc. 28.—By tho
passage of the Dyestuffs Import
Regulations Act, Great Britain has
definitely accepted thc theory that
poison gas will be the supreme
weapon of the next war, and at the
same time has opened the way fotthe
entry of German dyes'into the United
States, according to views expressed
tonight by ,thc chemical expei'ts of
thc government.
"The British act which became a
law yesterday, prohibits the importation of dye stuffs into Great Britain
for 10 years, ^vhich government ex-
,pcrts declared, will enable Britain to
build up her industry to a point of
complete independence from the outside world.
"Poison gas and dye stuffs both
come from coal tar, it was explained,
and from thc manufnejtyre of thc
commercial article to thc production
of thc military weapon is but another step in a continuous process.
By insuring the development of the
dye industry, chemical experts here
said, Great Britain has laid the
ground work for possible.widespread
use of gas in warfare, as chemical
faclorios can turn out from tho manufacture of dye stuffs to the production of poison gas practically at will.
"Direet competition in this country between German and Uiiited
States mode dyes, also is seen by officials here as a result of thc British
Dye Stuffs Act.','    ' .
Publiihed every IVidsy morning-by Tbo B. 0.
Federationitt, Limited
A.  a   WBLLS...
Offico:   Room 1, Victoria Blook, 341 Pender
Street West
Telephone Seymour 5871
Bubjioribtion Rates:   United Statei and Foreign,
,13.00 per year; Canada, .2.60 per year, 11.50
, for six months; to Unions subscribing ln a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of Labor:  The Hope of the World
FRIITAY  — December 31,  1920
DURING the week before  Christmas
we were informed by an advertisement in the Vancouver Sun, that special
articles on Soviet Russia would appear in
the Sunday edition; these articles being
, from the pen of one,
TROTZKY'S Captain Francis Mc-
CALL TO THE     Cnllagh. Mueh to our
WORKERS surprise,  on opening
last Sunday's edition
of that paper, we found an  article by
Leon Trotzky.   It was so good that we
would have liked to have reproduced it,
but as it was copyrighted by the New
York Herald we cannot avail ourselves
of that pleasure.  One thing that we may
do, however, is to congratulate the Sun
on its first efforts  to   spread   Socialist
propaganda.   In the article in question
Trotzky,  with  merciless  logic,  demonstrates   the   causes   of   the   repressive
measures  that  the  Soviet  Government
was compelled to adopt in  the revolutionary period.   He demonstrates that it
was the reactionary forces still existing
in the world that made those measures
not only necessary but inevitable.    He
also demonstrates the part played in the
stirring   up   of   counter-revolutionary
forces in Russia by the allied powers, and
the way in which these projects were
financed.   Referring to the initial seizure*
"f power by the Soviets,'Wotzky states:
' "The initial seizure of power by
the Soviets in the beginning of November, 1917, went off, as it were, by
itself, with infinitesimal loss of life.
The Russian bourgeoisie  felt  themselves so estranged from the mass of
thc people, so destitute of internal
strength,   so   compromised  by  the
course and the outcome of the war,
so demoralized by the Kerensky regime, that they hardly plucked up
the courage for any resistance.
Dealing with the Kolchak adventure,
Trotzky states:
i "The reign of Kolchak, the protege
of the American Stock Exchange,
owed its origin to the foreign
Czecho-Slovak corps, financed by the
French Government. Kaledin and
Krasnov, iyho had been Bet free by us,
were the first leaders of the Don .
counter-revolution, and owed their
partial successes only to the open
military and financial support of Germany.
* • *
We thus find that the Allies arid Germany were lined up together to destroy
the workers' republic, and that erstwhile
enemies could sink their differences to
eupport their class .interests. What a
lesson to the working class. AVhen.the
workers realize as well as do the members of the ruling class, where their
class interests lie, there will be no division
in working-class ranks. And this is the
mission of the Socialist: to point thc lines
of demarcation and the basis of the class
struggle, in order that there shall be no
division. The Menshevik, or the right,
wing, will have to be placed. Their place
is with 'the forces of reaction, as it always has been, and in the clarification of
the working-class movement that struggle between the two wings will continue
until the Marxians control the situation.
* * *
From all indications before the war,
Russia should have been the last to have
introduced the new order, but, due no
doubt to the faet that capitalistic education had not been extensively developed
in that country, the reverse was witnessed. Trotzky demonstrates he realizes
tins when he penned the following
passage:      <   -
"If our revolution had taken place
a few months, or even a few weeks,
after thc inauguration of profctarian
rule in Germany, France and Great
Britain, there is not the slightest
doubt whatever but that our revolution would have been the most
"peaceful" and the most "bloodless"
of all revolutions possible in this
wicked world.
* * ■>      *
He also gives ample proof in the above
passages that the troubles in Soviet Russia
have eome from without, and havo been
tho result of reactionary forces operating
in society, and amongst whicli csn be
classed the Mensheviks in all capitalistic
countries, such as Thomas of the old
land, Gompers of the U. S. A., and
Draper and Moore of this eountry. Surely Trotzky's words will bring home to
the workers the necessity of realizing
their class position, so that their organizations, and thcir -officials, cannot line up
with the ruling class when the power of
tlie workers is threatened in any eountry.
Trotzky's words are a clarion ery to tbl
dispossessed of the world to rally to thl
class to which they belong, and that il
the working class. His are the words thai
point the straight path of action for thl
workers, and as he points put, the suffer,
ing and struggle will be made the hovAtit
by the reactionaries and not by thc pro.
gresslye forces. In other worcls the pre*
ent ruling class and its supporters must
accept the responsibility for the things
that have happened in Russia, and whicfr
may happen in other lands, when the day
arrives when the workers will be cor.
p.Ilcd to take control of thc situation t!
starve to death
THB Vancouver Daily World, in an
editorial during the week, had aome
comment on the actions of the Soviet
Government of Russia with respect to literature. Whether the information in the
hands of the editor of that
A WORD journal was correct or
TO THE not, wc are unable to say,
"WISE" although we are at liberty
to doubt any '•'news"
that is published in thc capitalistic press
with* respect to that country or the
activities of the. Soviet regime. However,
that-is of no importance, as the truth
will eventually bc known. . Thc World,
however, based its views on-thc following:
"According to Moscow newspapers
the Soviet Government is about ,to
abolish, or has abolished, private
ownership of books. The stnte will
appropriate all existing libraries and
it will bc againat the law for any
private individual to own a printed
Should we accept the truth of the
abovo, we wonder what the world has to
kick about. Possibly the editor of that
journal has forgotten thc suppression of
many working-class papers in this country during the war. Thc banning of scientific works published by Kerr & Co. of.
Chicago has perhaps also been forgotten.
Wc also remember that the homes of
many people in this country were raided
in the search of "banned" literature
and that many wore imprisoned for having in their possession works that had
been allowed free circulation in every
country before the war broke out. It
might also be pointed out that Jhe power
of the "ruling class in this country was
not at that time challenged, and that
there was no danger of tlie right of the
ruling class to rulo being, disputed, and
we ean only wonder what the Union
•Government would have done in the case
of such a thing having happened, when
wc remember what took place in Winnipeg over the workers striking for the
right of selling thcir labor power collectively." While we won't care what the
World thinks of Soviet Russia, we would
suggest that until sueh time as freedom
reigns in this country, that those that arc
so prone to attack Soviet Russia, should
devote thcir activities to securing the
right of free speech, etc., in thc country
that they reside in. That is one of our
missions, and until that is accomplished
wc will bc found on thc job, that is if we
are not suppressed, in the- interests of
'freedom" of the ruling class to exploit
the workers.   .
'T'HERE are a large number of people
a in the world that are of the opinion
that by placing workers on the directorates of industrial corporations or business
much of the industrial unrest and dislocation could bc avoided.
NO POWER Lord Leverhulme is of>
0AM the   opinion   tbat   thc
CHANOE IT idea is not feasible, and
that unless the workers
placed on the board of directors were' acquainted with the duties, business would
be exposed to disaster. Discussing the
need for. efficiency the soap king has the
following to say:
"More and more, each succeeding
year, business will require efficiency,
from'the youngest office boy to the
chairman of the company, /and all
these academic discussions as tp new
relationship between Capital and
Labor can only result in disappointment unless we start first, last, and
all the time from the point of view
of better service to the public."
Referring to the money earned'by industrial concerns, this confusionist gets
away with th# following gem:
"Very few men at tlie head of
large business undertakings get more
than food, washing, and lodgings out
of their business, and if these arc or^
a lu—irious scale sueh spenders cease
to remain in business, they drop out
like over-ripe fruit from the tree. ,
"The remainder of thc earnings
and savings arc returned to thc business, and results in the employment
of   an   ever-increasing   number   of
. . .
Logic ii. very evidently not the long
suit of members of thc ruling class, and
thc statements of Lord Leverhulme are
only a further indication ot thc paucity
of capitalistic arguments in support of
tho present system. As a matter of
fact, the closing down of industry at the
present time proves conclusively that the
earnings of the ruling class cannot be invested, and consequently cannot be cm-
ployed in putting more men to work.
During the period of the war, thc "earnings" of thc men who control, but do
not operate industry, were enormous. Thc
pickings were never so plentiful and
abundant, and yet, instead of more men
boing put to work, there arc millions unemployed throughout thc capitalistic
world. Better service to tho public
means greater efficiency in the production
of commodities. Greater efficiency in th*
production of commodities means the
filling of a limited market much quicker
than by inefficiency, therefore greater
efficiency muat of necessity mean hardship for the producers. In fact all tfie
rot that Ib preached about greater production, aa a solution of the present industrial situation, is not worth the paper
it is written on. It is pure bunk.
* • »
Greater efficiency in industry, in so far
as providing the people with the necessities of life, under capitalism, is as impossible as it is to restore normalcy. The woflt-
m can have all the directors appointed
that is possible, but the situation will nof
.e relieved. Thc capitalistic method of'
iroduction has broken down because it
Mn no longer feed its slaves. All previous forms of human slavery have been
abolished when that point was reached,
tnd the present systcih will be no exception. The workers must realize that there
A Reply to John Spargo
Everybody knows that the   war   was1
fought fco end wai'.  Wore we not told this |
by politician, preacher and the pross.   It!
was to be the last war.   As soon as Ger- \
many was beaten thon peace would bo
established   on   earth,   aud   everything
would be lovely.   If thoro is anything iu
the two following press items, then something has slipped, and we will leave our
readers "to gather just what has happened
since the war to end war was finished.
"A poison gas so deadly and so
powerful that a .single charge   df   it
from a bomb thrown from an airplane ,
.over a city like New York' would in
ten minutes exterminate   the   entire
population   of  five   million   huhian
beings—such a gas, it is claimed, has
beon discovered by the experts who
have  been  devoting  themselves  to
this specialty.   Tts formula,  so  important in its fi'ighH'ulness, is known
to only two men, both   living   and
working in Washing, on, D. (.-.—Minneapolis Daily News."
"Just Wbat Would Bolshevism Do
to Me?—An Interview With John
Spargo."—By Bruce Barton-
American Mngnzlne, December
Upton Sinclair ln the "Brass
Check" mentions that the American Magazine had its commencement as an "Independent" Journal,
and draws the attention of his
readers to its present policy of' issuing a monthly devoted to the
biography of the successful exploiters of .he exploited. We know
just what Bolshevism would do to
John Spargo, It would at least appreciate him as much as tho
workers of the United States appreciate him, no more, no less.
Uohn Spargo declares that tlie
"Russiah farmers' vote would
count for only one-fifth as" much*
as a city laborer's vote." In the
U. 3. A. the city laborer's vote is
worth nothing when given to his
representative.., because five candidates elected—twice—were
pellcd from the Constitutional As-
cembly, we add to this, that the
U. S. A. It the only spot on the
face of tha earth—Canada next
with ono member—which boasts of
the fact that no representative of
Labor, sits ln its constitutional assembly. He also adds that "yon
would have no voice whatever ln
the government under which you
would then have to live." Now
since this same magazine declares
that John has bcen fighting for a
"Socialist Democracy" for thirty
years as a Socialist, we might sug-
gest«that thirty years wat never ao
disadvantageous^ wasted. In thirty
years John Spargo has not discovered that governments consist of
lawyers, financiers and "safe and
sane" heelers and sundry "lobbyist..," that tho master of the houso
has nothing in common interest
with the "second story" artist, their
interests and lines of endeavor are
not ■ identical. If there are exploiters there must be the exploited. In Bussia the exploited
reversed their position, have
stopped the armies of nations to a
degree that today they have no
fighting fronts, evidently thts did
not maintain by & bunch of inefficient hoodlums, lt rather portends that the Russians have the
ability to mind their own business,
and when they sent the United
States army home, they must have
had this point in view.
"Money' it practically worthless
In Russia," ^.Well our dollar haB
fifty cents of purchasing value, and
sinco the war we find that we have
not a mere fraction of gold on deposit in comparison with the puper
outstanding In circulation, ao since
we are insolvent—well, people
that live In glass houses should
not throw atones, and since tho
Russians are pointing out to the
world that barter must be eventually on a true labor value exchange, they at least affirm facts
on wliich we are silent. If Spargo's sttaements are correct—which
is extremely doubtful—regarding
executions, It jyould he a safer climate than some of the States in
the Union that have "lynching
socials" so frequently and for diversion, a burning- alive here and
thero. Regarding freedom. W^ll,
as Bernard Shaw puts it, "What!
Visit the United States. Why they
imprison men for quoting the
things I write, therefore Just what
would they do to me?"
Spargo says, "Let me turn to'
another matter, the freedom of the
press." Ye gods, "Boy, Page
Upton Sinclair and give John a
Brass Check. He goes on to say
thatjf the Communist Party in the'
States followed the Russian exam-j
pie they would seize the great!
dnilies like the Times, the Sun,
World, and all New'York papers;
and so on. That' idea is incorrect.;
It does not require all that paper j
to tell the truth, but ft requires all.
these and more to print the Abso-j
cjated Press lies, In which Upton
Sinclair offers specific charges of J
truth distortion to almost every j
newspaper in the U. S. A.- Russian i
dispatches have been "dispatched" I
from the editor's desk ln the pressroom. Writers back from Russia
have had their Impressions distorted and rewritten until nothing ls left but the views of Individuals who have never lost sight
of the Statue of Liberty. Local,
state and national groups of workers through their executives have
had to have booklets printed written by men who have obtained details by actual contact with the
Russian situation. .
' Since Russia has been fighting
on all fronts for two years longer
than the allied armies, in a wnr
In which she lost more than any
other allied nation, in terms of
casualties, lt is not logical to assume that Russia Is Eutopia with
Hjllk-and honey, but It would be
Just as ridiculous to believe presa
reports as to give' credulence to
Spargo'a written surmises. It is
signlflcant that Spargo's "masterpiece of exposure, etc.,/-and "how
profoundly his Socialistic ideals
have been outraged, that- he entitled his book "The Greatest Failure In All History," In this 'caso
the joke Is on John.
Carpenters' Union Favors a Special
Levy to Support the striking
Shipyard Members
The British branches of the Amalgamated Carpenters and Joiners
are showing big majorities In favor of tfte special levy in support of
the members on strike In shipyards
against a reduction- of wages,
Meanwhile the executive has cabled
the branches ln Canada, the United States and South Africa, and to
the t International Woodworkers
headquarters at Amsterdam re**
questing all, members to do no repair work on British ships.
Budapest.—The court pronounced judgment In the cases of a number of people's commissaries who
were accused of homicide and the
making of money. Four of the defendants were sentenced to be
hanged and six given life imprisonment.
Next Week
MAUD   EARL   «   CO.
In "The Vocal Verdict"
Other Big Features
ONr.V    ,..„OS    MADE
Best Quality—Right Prlcea
223 Carrall Street.
Sey.  1250	
Labor and Socialist
can he. obtained at
Corner Hastings and Columbia
Mail Orders   Promptly
Attended to
S. P. OF 0., 401 PENDER ST. E.
Economic class every Sunday afternoon, commencing at
3 o'clock. <
History class every-Thursday evening, commencing at •
8 o'clock.
An Elementary Economic Class for beginners will commence thc flrst Sunday in Dcccrilbcr (the 5th), at 3 p.m.
These classes arc of paramount interest and necessity to
thc working class, and arc conducted and assisted by
thoroughly competent instructors.
That the ruling claps does 'not just
know what to do   in   tho   present 'depression is evidenced by   the   following
comment in thc London Times:   ..
"There is a vital   difference   between the, attitude of the publin now
and its pre-war attitude towards unemployment.   Before+he war unemployment and starvation  mitigated
by charity were accepted, even Hy
the Victims, as inevitable.   During
the war there was work for all, and
the women and. children of the. poorest classes were better fed and better
. clothed and shod than ever before in
the history of the country.  Agitator*
are already asking crudely   if  the
capitalistic system will provide for
the proletariat only when the systwji
is fighting for. its own existence."
Poland and Italy are having lots of fun
in Parliament. In the Italian chamber a
free fight was indulged in. In Poland it
was little better, but tho real fight is yet
to come, and that is over the ownership of
the means of life.
What have those who support nationalization to My now in faoe ot the posi-
I ion taken by the .president of the O. N.
il. on political activities of employeea.
Now is ihe time to' secure
good bargains in Clothing
Ona    Shirt    Special — Dark    Hen's Hats from  12.50
grey; re*. (2.76 for 11.75       ■
Jfen's Crush Hate $1.50
Ribbed Underwear — Special,
p,r mn _  |2,(o    Men's Overcoats from ....$15.00
Ribbed  Combinations—Special     Men's Work Boots, palr..|6.00
suit    13.00
Men's Fine Boots from 45.00
Fine Shirt Special — 11.25        per pair to the J. * T, Bell
Men's Heavy Ribbed Soi, at        klna'
_ pairs for  $1.00 .„„,,„„ Bootl „, M ^ ^
1 Be Neokwear   SOo        lowest prices.
Men'e Working Otovea for.'.SSo    Men'e. Rubbers .   41,50
18 and 20 OORDOVA ST. WBST and 444 MAIN ST.
The House of Diamonds extends
its cordial thanks to those who
contributed to a successful year's
business during igio.
To one and all we wish a Happy
New Year and a very prosperous
one indeed.
Tho House of Diamond*
480-486  CRANVILLE
At Corner Pender
Excellent quality, perfect
fitting, correct articulation, pleasing appearance,
skilled attention, features
of dentistry at
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dental Art Perlore
805 Granvillo Street
Open evening! between 8 and 9
Cor. Bobson, Over Owl Drug Ston
Phona Seymonr 8238
Stanley Steam
' Taxi Co.
(Old time Lumberjack)'
Prompt Service
Fine Cars
834 Abbott St.     Vanconver
Phono Sey. 8877-8878
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
* at  both  stores -
J. W. Foster
Evenings ...
Get the
Love Habit
BEDS, Etc., at cost. Our stoi
Is Bi( (and so are our Ba
gains. Watch our Auctk
Snaps. Furniture Bought at
Love & Co
Phode Seymour 2745
In that dark hour when aynt
thy and  beat,Bervice  count
much—call up
Phone IWinont 58
Prompt Ambulance Sorvice
Ofllce Hoare:   10 to _1 s.ra., 3 16
p.m.   Evening!:  7 to 8 p.m. Mnn-
- dsy, Wedneaday aud Friday.
Phone Say. 0170.
Dr. Willard Coates
Chiropractor and Dregless Fbyaloli
(Successor to Dr. John Oray)
30-31-sa r. Bursa Bids.. IS Baattni
St., W., Vancouver. B. ti.
(Between Fantagea Theatre and B. C
K. H. Stattoh
Phone Sey. Ill      Day or High
551 Homer St. Vancouver, B. C.
1110 Oeerits street
Sanday aer.leee, 11 a.m. sad 7.9Q p.
Bonder srtool Imm.Ji.i.l, followl
morning teniae. Wednreday teatlmon
meeting, e p.m. Freo readies —
toi-eoa  Blrki  Bid," ^
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals ol Dignity at Fair
Falrvlew: Oftlce and Chapel.
2398 Oranvllle Street
Phone Bay 3200.
North Vancouver: Office and
Chapel, Ul sixth St W,
Phone N. V. 114.
Mount Pleasant:   Office and
>     Chapel, 3113 Main St
Phono Fairmont 69.
IS Hastings St E.
0. B. V. OABD
Patronise Those Who Pstronlas Ye
Ring up Phene Seymour MM
for appointment *
Suite Ml Dominion Building
HE telephone U a direot i
<*t communication, Why reply,
■* ---A in not. I muner «.< in tr
Hit lta nioftlBMil la gt vine tl
aaau ef yaa* tm vhea anewerii
«'■!•« nut tapir braiquenen. lt
trnMiifaalikt), true, bnt there le el
• ooorteey behind It thit le appt
eiited by the person calltar.
Brltlih Columbia Telephone
Company ,
Swedleh Maieese. Radiant Rest sa
XleotrlesI Treatments sf all kinds:
Phons Bsy 97TOIi.   Heirs 1 to S .
tn BIOAOWAY nil (Oer. Osk
Takt Bait Idas Osr
Don't Be a Drudge!
La Salle Bitonslon Unlverslt
(Home Study) offers yon th
chance you need for complet
training In Traffic Management
Higher Accountancy, Solodbian
ship and otber Special course
that mean Higher Salaries.
Either sex. Any age. Conven).
ent torms. Write or call for lit
erature. District office:
Phono Soy. 1750 FRIDAY	
 December 11, 1910
twelfth year.  No. 51    THE BRITISH CObUlftBIA FEDERATIONIST     Vancouver, b. g
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Goods, Gents'Furnishings
Factory organised aider "United Garment Workers of Amerlcs"
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
...Fairmont 208
..Seymonr 8203
BLOOBBEROER, F. R, 319 Broadway Eaat	
B. 0. PR1OTINO A LITHO. CO., Smyths snd Homer.
UITIZEN,  The,   1451  Broadway  W     Bayvlew  85.
CLARK * STUART. 8S0 Beymour Street  .....Seymonr 8
OOWAN * BROOKHOU8B, Labor Temple Balldinf. Seymour 4483
DUNSMUIR PRINTINO CO., 417 Dunemalr Street. Seymour 1109
EVANS A HASTINGS, 578 Seymour Street —_.. Seyrabnr 188
JEFFERY, \V. A., 2168 Parker Street. „ Hltbland 1137
LATTA, R. P., World Building. ,,■    , ■  Sermour 1038
MAIN PRINTINO Co.. 8801 Main Street 1  Fairmont 1888
McLKNNAN, MeFEELT, 88 Cordora Street East..,. Seymour 6080
MITCHBLL-BOLEY, LTD., 189 Haatings Strset West.'. Soymour 1085
HORK18, J. F., 523 Oran .lllo Street    .Seymour 88
MURPHY, CHAPMAN,  799 Granville Street  Seymour 711
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancourer.  N. Van. SO
rAl'IFIO PRINTERS, 500 Beatty Street.!  Soymonr 8581
ROKDDK, G. A,,tie Homer Street   Seymour 264
BUN JOB PRESSES. 187 Pender Street West...
TECHNICAL PRESS, Mines Building, Homer Streat  Soymour 8825
TIMMS, A. H„ 880 Fourteenth Areata Eaat i....Jalrmont 621R
WARD, ELLWOOD A CO., 318 Homer Street   Seymour 1515
WESTERS SPECIALTY CO., 572 Oranrille Straet Seimour 8528
WHITE A BINDOM, 528 Pender Straet Weat_ Sefmour 1214
Write "Union Label" on You Oopy Whan Yoa Sand It te tne ittntar
10 Sub. Cards
Good (or oae ytsr's subscription to Tbe
B, 0. Federationlit, will be mailed to
eay eddreie In Ctnada for $2&60
(Good anywhere ont side of Vancouver
city.) Order ten today. Remit when sold.
Four Thousand
Welcome Bob Russell
(Continued from Page 1)
or not, they would lay that lt was
wondering where the meal was
coming from.
"But some people will be Baying: 'What has all this to do with
R. B. Russell's deception?' Because
K. B. Russell tried to show you
aome of these economic- fuels, R.
B. Russell was thrust into gaol and
those same men who helped to
thrust him Into gaol, these men
have not got one word to say ahout
the question that confronts the
working1 men and women of Canada."
Who Is tbe King
The speaker then touched upon
soma of the events during the trial
for seditious conspiracy.
"I was one day sitting in my
home, going over the indictments.
t-saw one indictment, King vc. Russell, King vs. Johns, King vs Prltchard, King vs. Ivens, King vs.
Queen, King vs. Artnstrong. A little girl was looking over my shoulder and she wanted to know who
this man King was. (Laughter.) I
thought, who were the kings In'
this prosecution and 1 found A.
J. Andrews, Isaac Pittblado and
Senator Gideon Robertson. There,
you have the kings in the prose-,
cution. (Laughter.) Did these
kings represent the people of Winnipeg?  (No.) When Dixon went as
Phont Boymoor 2408
A Comedy Drama
'The Dummy'
• Featuring Little Junius
A Large, Efficient, end Eipert
Buff gives instruction In the
following branches:
Practical Assaying, Prospecting and Surveying.
Anyone Interested in mining will
flnd these clnsoeo of undoubted
advantage ln deciding tho relative
valuea ot tbelr prospects on the
Por particulars, write or pboaa to
ths Principal P. I. BAH.
HCC. School of
Pharmacy & Science
SIS Feadcr Street West
*        Vancouver,. B. C.
t Sey. JJ40
■_.:. Halted
»U 7169
___t4  11**, WatU\_ Building,  Taa-
Veteran oi fa Great War
We will ,dye your great coat bottl* green, brown or black, take
off shoulder straps, put on new
buttons and mako it look like a
■civy coat, all for 98.50.
Mall Orders Promptly Attended
7 Little Tailors
33(1 Cnrrall Street
membei* to the provincial house,
where was thfe king against Dixon
then? (Laughter and applause.)
I was going to say the same about
myself. (Laughter.) I would very
much like to see one of those kings
go and compete in North Winnipeg. (Laughter.)
"No matter whether these kings
take these men and put them in
gaol, you people will send these
men right from gaol Into your
parliaments."   (Applause.)
An Epoch in- History
Tho speaker said that this was
an epoch In history. He Atav a
parallel with the situation ln 1919
lust after the Great War with- Napoleon, when hundreds of thousands of voteless workers met in
Manchester and decided to- parade
the streets demanding the franchise.
He described how' the yeomanry
arrived upon the scene and charged
into the mass 'of humanity and
killed hundreds nnd wounded more.
Then, In 1919, one hundred years
later, after another great war for
democracy, a number of returned
soldiert In the City of Winnipeg
were dispersed by the armed forces
of the law, because they desired
to have a "silent parade" to ask
for some rights from a minister of
the crown. He also described how
after the war, ending In 1915, the
soldiers were promised many things
just as today, and received nothing. The massacre at Peterloo,
reminded him very much of the
incidents which occurred In Winnipeg In 1919. Coming to the mon
who had served their sentence, and
those who are still incarcerated:
he said ho felt sure that they were
toettei' men because of the experiences they had gone through. He,
himself, had become better able to
servo tho working claaa because of
his experiences.
In closing. Aid. Heaps deolared:
"It Is^a pleiusure; it is an honor;
yes, a privilege, to be on tho platform hero this evQfiing. It is not
very ofteh that a man can say thut
it is an honor to be em a platform
with a criminal, but I have thut
distinction this evening. We have
found that the road through which
tho working class must pass is not
an easy path, tout I am certain of
this, that tho wnrkers of Winnipeg are determined to go forward
and form tho vanguard of the
working clasav movement of Canada."   (Applause.) •
Bailey Sjieaks
W. V? Bailey, member foi' Asaln-
ibola, was the second speaker.
. "Theoretically, the labor movement is very Impatient about the
term 'leader,' he said, "but I
think we are going to have.a holi'
day off that, and do a little heru
worship tonight. I am sorry th»t
somo of my friends in Winnipeg,
tonight, think that I am still a
good boy. They think thnt because
my name was not connected with
the strike, that, I had nothing to
do with IJ. It is always a matter*
of humiliation to have to explain
why we were not there., This gathering reminds me of a scriptural passage which an old lady used
to put 'T.P.! after—'Tried and
Proved.' We can put that after R.
B. Russell, because he has been
tried and proved."
The speaker said he would like
Judgo Metcalfe to be present to
see Bob Bussell and member's of
the labor party, which Bob was
'knocking hall out of together.
He would have liked Judge Gait to
be present after his "gratuitous and
Insulting advice to Dixon that he
should be careful of the men he
kept company with ln future."
Send Busscll to Ottawa
He stated thc time was not far
distant when .the workers of Winnipeg would send a delegation to
Arthur Meighen, ln the person of
Bob, Russell, representing Winnipeg
in the federal houBe. He roundly
scored A. J. Andrews for thinking
that by putting: these men into gaol
that tho class struggle would cease
and then, about bringing the government Into contempt.
"You can't bring in something
that 1s already in."   (Laughter1.)
In speaking of tho ties that
bound the Dominion with the mother country, tho speaker declared
that when Russell's case was taken before the privy council, the cry
went out thrit Canada was a self-
governing nation, and1 that the
British courts had no jurisdiction
over Canada. Yet, he said, wher<
it suits their purpose th* Imperialist!!-loudly shout.about their al
Voting in the Referendum Ballot on the Amendments to the Constitutions
Lumber Worken, Hituon Lotting Co., Ctrdtro Channel, B.C.
Lumbar Worktn,-Call Creak,  R.  C..._. 	
Lumber Wortera. Btmard Cub* Deep Bay, B. C.
Lumber Workeri, Drurj Inlet.  B,  C ™_™	
Lumber Worken, Headquirten,  B.  C.   (Camp £)....
Lumber Worken. Harlot Bay, B, C.	
Lumber Worken. Kihlalla,  B.   ~
Lumber Worken. Crib Camp. Kiiucome Hirer, B. C..„-
Lumber Workera, Fort MeNol, B. C. _~.
Lumlwr Workera, Camp 1. Port Neville, B.  C ,_.
Lumber Worken, Camp 10,Quatiiuo, B. C.™_™_..„ .....
Lumber Worken, Construction Camp, nock Bar, B. C. .
Lumber Camp Wurken'-llnll, Hock Baj, B. O.■■!.■,.r.;..„-
Lumber Worker*. Camp P., Bock Ust, B. C ......
Lumber Workera, Lougbboro Point, Ku.,  1(.  C.\.  ,
Lumber Workers, Prairie Lottlnt Co., Sechelt, B. C...«
Lumber Workers, Read Bar, Topis Harbour,  B. C ,
Lumber Worken, JCatloual Co., Turrflmll Cora, B. C	
Lumber Workeri, Baker Co., Camp 11, Waldo. B. C.	
\vurktirs' Unit, Hedley, 11. C. „ „_. _^„
1)11 Hethii-ry Worken, loco, B. C „.-______	
Prlnm Biijwrt     __.„_  ,.,„-.
Princeton l'nlt, Princeton, 11. C...  ! „	
Muui Miners' Unit, Sainton, B. C   „
1'lle Drivir.  It Wuotlen Brliitfuuiwi, Hllllwater, B.  C	
Pile Prime ft Wooden Bridftmen, Vancouver, B. C™.
iral' Workera'  Uult, Vanoouver, B. C	
Flmilall Worken' Uult, Vaik-ouw,  B. C ., '. ,
Qoni-ral Workera* Unit, Victoria, B. C  _.	
Coal Mlnen' Unit. Bliffimiru, ah.    .,	
Transportation Unit, C'aEuary, Alta  ,
Building Tradee Unit, Udniontun, *1.a 	
Transportation Unit, Henna, Alta.
Bakery A Confeitlonvry Wurken' Unit, Wlnnipec. Man...
Huildin* Trades Unit, Winnipeg, Man.....  	
-  "  11. Unit, Winnipeg, Man..-.
Port Rouse Railway Workeri* Unit, Winnipeg, Man...
Uemral Wurken' Unit, Winnipeg, Man...,
Journeymen Tallon' Unit, Winnipeg, Man...
Metal Trades' Unit, Winnipeg, Man.
Running Tradea' Unit, Winnipeg, Man...
Street Bailway Rtuploym' Unit, Winnipeg, Man.	
Railroad l'nlt No. 1, Transcona, Winnipeg, Man......
Metal Miners.' Unit. Oowganda, Ont „..£......;.„„
General Worken' .Unit, Hamilton, Ont  .	
Lumber Worken' Port Arthur. Onl...
General Worken' Unit, Montreal. Que...
Trannwrtailon Unit, Montreal, Que.	
F     A
IBM   484    3 UQ   137    3052   «fl8
leglanco to Britain. If the time
sver comes when the labor party
of Great Britain gets control, you
will hear these same imperialists
say, "Oh, no, Canada haa nothing
whatever to do with Britain."
These same Imperialists will be
pfeachlng secession from the British Empire.
-    Liberty Not Guaranteed .
in speaking of the constitution,
he said: "A written constitution
is not a guarantee of liberty. Liberty* ls only guaranteed at the
price of eternal and everlasting
vigilance on the part of the people."
Concerning the case of Bussell
he said he was on the witness stand
but was not allowed* to give his
evidenoe. He then read ome extracts from speeches which wei'e
delivered in London, England, during the war. One from Bob Williams Is as follows: "I will fight
If you will show me something to
fight for, and I would like nothing
better than to tight that damned
scoundrel, Lloyd George." The
speaker said that similar utterances
were made by other speakers ln
England during the war, yet none
were arrested for sedition. During
his stay in England the speaker
declared that soldiers and sailors'
councils on the pattern of the Russian Soviets, were being formed. In
New Zealand the revolutionary
movement had made itself felt.
Red flags flying from sJme public
building and In one city of New
Zealand, a lady was arrested for
singing the National Anthem In a
public thprough'fare. The-government of Canada would realize, the
speaker said, the futility of sending men to gaol because of their
ideas. The result of the Imprisonment of Bob Russell and his comrades was the stiffening of the
backbone of the people and in-vitalising them.
Blazed Trail for Women
In paying tribute to Mr. Russell
the speaker atated: "Mrs. Russell
has blazed the trail for our women, and taught them a lesson.
The Russell kiddles have taught
other children that it ls no disgrace to have a father who is in
gaol. "We are going to do something practical now. I was brought
up in an atmosphere of Methodist
revival, and the spirit of the Methodist revival was to get the people to do something right there at
The speaker pointed out that if
ten cents per week was ^(Jven for
every one spent by Bob in fcaol
five dollars would come from each
person present. It seemed a lot
of money, but when analyzed we-
found that ten cents per week,-
given as nn appreciation of our
liberty, while Bob was locked up,
was In sign Iflcant. The seeming
largeness of the sum reminded him
of a story, he .said,
"A little boy went one day to
his father with a mathematical
problem. 'Father,' he said, 'how
much is nine and a half time three
and a quarter millions ?' 'Well,'
fatties' replied, Mt is a hell of a lot
of money.' The next day the little boy came home crying, and
whon papa asked him what was
the matter, he', sobbingly, declared:
"That wasn't tho right"*?.nswor, papa.'" (Laughter and applause.)
The collection was hore taken,
which realized $622.32, which will
be used for workers' defense league.
Introduces Russell
Tho chairman, introducing thc
next speakei1, said: "Although Bob
has been silent, he has not been
without Influence. We are glad tonight lo hnve with us 11. B. Russell, who haa bcen silent for a year,
but who Is now going to speak."
(Tremendous applause.)
Bob Russell: "Mr, Chairman-—
(applause)—Mr. Chairman and
fellow-workers, I can assure you
that" it gives me great pleasure to
be back with a Winnipeg audience
once again. Many times during my
past visit to his majesty's hotel
I have plctufed the audiences In
the Winnipeg Industrial bureau. I
wish to thank yfcu for the reception you have tendered me tonight,
not because I am liob Russell, but
because I have my liborty to take
part in the affairs of the working
class of thts country. I heard
mnny rumors while In my little
cage. Rumors that the movement
had been all shot to pieces.
"We ar*e more or less susceptible
to our environment, I am glad to
say that I have not succumbed to
my environment of the past year.
Prisons arc futile things for reforming men. The conditions
ivhich exist ln such Institutions
need to be exposed, and thoro must
be alterations made which will
t;!ve u man a chance if he should
happen to lako a step downward.
Inside that year I received no information nf what had taken place
in the outsido world. During that
time world movements hove beon
fought for and lost. I flnd thc action taken by tho Italian workers,
I find Soviet Russia stronger than
SBOSI    51    8MB
71    SU'    TO   8886    M
8M3    48    WH   HI    8IWJ1
__* A
11    ■■
88»   118    8870    81
0M    11    8187   111
»    ...
W .^
ever after three years of war, (Applause.)
Scores Fakirs
"I heard that there wa'SVgoing
to be a debate in this hall I was
unable^to flnd out what had taken
place until after my release. When
I flnd that individuals of the same
organization that I belonged to;
when I flnd these Individuals who
were brought up in this same or?
ganlzatlon us I was, coming here
and prostituting themselves for
the capitalistic class, It will be miy
duty, to hound those men until
they are down and out. , (Applause,) I can forgive, but when
I think of men like Robinson,
Hoop, and McCutcheon (boos.)- In
dealing with the situation since
his departure, 'ho said: "I want
to congratulate the members of
the working class for the moral sol.
idarity shown during the trials and
afterwards. It is a great pleasure
to hear and see such a big crowd
as this after I had heard that the
movement, had'been bi*oken up. I
suppose you wish to know .liow
Russell got out Who got hlmrout?
"I have been In and seen my old
pals, Johns, George Armstrong,
Prltchard, Ivens and honest John
Queen, The boys are bitter towards those men who have pfroven
traitors. I want to tell you i that
when these boys come out there
will be something doing in the
City of Winnipeg.   (Applause.)
Whti Got Him Out V ,
"Now, with reference to the
question as to who got Russell out.
Aftei* I was taken away. I did not
know anything about the other
boys, except that they were sentenced for one year. I was Borry
that they were not coming out to
keep me company ('laughter) not
that they would have been much
company, but I might have seen
them once In a while. I think I
knew a little better than, our friend,
Trueman, as to who managed this
country. We know that our friend
Plerpunt Morgan visited here twice
during the strike. Mold him (*ue-
man) that whtle we may have the
law which would prove that the
prosecutions which had taken place
in the City of Winnipeg could be
overthrown, yet I pointed out to
him that the privy council would
not give us a hearing on the question.
"We have had a few demonstrations since then. We-have Dixon
and six 0r seven others in the legislature to represent the working
Gives Credit to Defense League
The speaker said the great apathy of the working class, as shown
In their not going to record their
votes in the provincial and civic
elections, demonstrated that there
was an imperative need for organ-
l-Anz tho workers on another line.
The time had come when the workers of Winnipeg had to line up sol*
Idly against the Citizens' Committee at every opportunity, and to
do this a better organization of the
working class was necessary. With
reference to his release, Comrade
Russell gave all the credit to the
Canadian Workers Defense League,
while he realized that many Inem-
bers of the rank and fllo of tho International had helped lu this
flght, he absolutely refused to credit the officials of the Trades Congress, or the so-called International movement for sny part In his
release. Ho read a. portion from a
recent Issue of the "Western Labor News" which, naturally gave
all the glory to thc treacherous
personnel of the Trades Oongress
und International officialdom. He
said among other things that the
mombers of the International movement knew"*that there was no
seditious Idea heK.id thc geiiirat
strike, that it was just an ordinary trade dispute.
Then   Boh   asked:    "Dod   IJoop
fay that on this floor? (No.)   Did
IcCutcheon?   (No.) '
Repudiates Congress
"When I see such contemptible
twisting as this, lt makes my "blood
boll. I know who got me dut ot
gaol. I appreciate the efforts of
the defence committee and all who
supported it. I am not in a position to state just now, the who,
why, or wherefore, but I want to
give the credit to the defence committee. I want to repudiate that
it was due to the efforts of the Dominion Trades Congress."
The speaker continued: "I have
come out to flnd this question of
unemployment looming up before,
us again. I can remember ln thc
year 1910'and 1917 that it was a
criminal -offense to be without a
job. I want to know If they are
arresting them now becauae thoy
have not a job."   (No.)
He characterized the proposals
of demonstrations going to the
legislatures', as folly. There would
he unemployment just «o long sk
the system of capitalism lasted. A
surplus of labor was a requisite
thing in modern Industry. It was
therefore tho duty of the members
of the working   clsss   who   were
Look, Who's wltb V*-
Editor B. C. Federationist: It
has been truly said that a prophet
ls without honor in his own country;
We have, Individually or collectively, raved at or about the noble
efforts of those who have devoted
their lives to an attempt to discover the cause of the world's unrest, and to flnd and apply a remedy. Th enames of such men as
Lloyd George, Gompers, Woodrow
Wilson, Harry Lauder, Trotsky,
Sir Oliver Lodge, Bernard Shaw,
Clemeneeau, Henry Ford and
Mayor Gale are forever on our Ups;
for them we have nothing but
praise, and yet what have they accomplished ?   Nothing.
We have turned mir eyes afar,
and we have failod to discern,, ln
our very midst, the greatest of
'them all, a humble English baronet.
This modest violet of the journalistic woodlands, rejoices in the
title and name of Sir Charles Piers,
though when he appears in print,
he suppresses the Sir, and signs
,himself, with commendable diffidence, Major, possibly lest, from
his writings, we Judge him to be a
In the December Issue of Balance—a paper remarkable eevn in
Vancouver—Major or Sir Charles
propounds the question: "What's
Wrong with the World?" and not
only does he this—he answers his
query. With unerring instinct, and
with a penetration tbat is almost
uncanny, he goes straight to the
point, and putting his finger on the
exact spot, announces: "Something
is wrongi"  *
Perhaps you are Incredulous. I
was at flrst; but then I went over
the major's article point by point;
as nearly as my limited Intelligence
would allow, 1 followed his arguments, and at last I saw It, too.
Take my word for It, if any one
asks you, "What's Wrong with the
World?" you will be perfectly safe
in answering, "Something."
. Let me Introduce you to the major's reasoning. He says 'that "man
forgets he is but the highest form
of life In nature's scale; nnd that
when, like them, hiB allotted span
of Ufe is complete, he ceases to
You follow this, I hope. The major gots a trifle mixnd, nnd he
speaks of any other species—which
of eoui'se, is singular in number—
as them; but his meaning is clear:
Any other species but man ls complete, and when man's a Hotted
span of life Is the same, he ceases
to exist. Ab man has not yet ceased to exist, we may take it that
his allotted span of life* Is not complete.
Having made this clear and lucid
statement, the major Interjects a
suo-title, or cross head: "Hopelessness," and -proceeds to give an
"This cult of nature" (the span
of life, and man, and thc other
species referred to above) "which
formed the basis of ancient religions, though most necessary to
mankind, ls alone too apt to lead
to fatalism nnd despondency as to
the value of life, and the endeavor
to Improve, or to produce except
for dally use, until by nature's decree, sooner or later, life Is ended,"
Do not pass over this sentenoe
lightly and hurriedly. Examine. It
"This cult of nature," aays thc
major, "Is most necessary to "mankind." That Is to say, It Is more
necessary than anything else; but
he adds, that It "It Is alone too apt
to lead to fatalism* ..."
which means-that It is tho only
thing that is too apt to lead, etc—
and here the major falls a little
from absolute precision of speech.
It ls too apt; but too apt for what?
Possibly lt Is too apt to lead to
fatalism to be more than most necessary.
Buglnnlg a new paragraph, In
order to give ourselves a breathing
spelt,'we once more plunge, with
the mnjor, into tho depths.
This cult Is "to apt to lead to
fatalism and despondency as to
the value of the major's writings,
but no fatalism. No doubt' the
mnjor knows what he means—If
he could think of lt—so let us get
on to the next clause.
This pernicious but neceuary
cult also leads to despondency and
fatalism as to "the endeavor to
improve." I don't know exactly
which endeavor to Improve, and
I'm not sure that lt matters; but
the fact remains. As an alternative to leading to either ot these
destinations, the 'cult is too apt "to
produce except for daily use, until
by nature's decree, sooner or later
life is ended."
I started out with the Idea of
explaining this passage, but at the
moment, it's precise meaning escapes me. At any rate, Major
Charles Piers wrote it, and the editor of Balance published lt—so It
must mean something. Moreover,
if Major Charles Piers wrote It, and
the editor of Balance publlshe4 tt,
It proves Sll* Charles' contention,
that "There's something wrong."
Were Major Piers to leave tbe
matter here, he would be no more
than any of the others who have
"torn down without rebuilding,"
but he goes further. He offers us
a remedy for the something wrong.
"The people," he tells us, "must
wake up to a proper sense, of their
duties as citizens of this great Empire, andfelinquighlng their grievances for future settlement manfully shoulder the burden and help
to 'balance' this old world of ours."
And, he concludes, "If they will so
act, they will find that the remedy
lies In the strength of Christianity
... for "these troubles are the
work of the powers of darkness,
who would destroy the world,
against which ... we must
There Is a question that puzzles
me. The Prohibition Act is not
yet repealed. Where does the major get lt? - .   .„
And why doesn't the editor of
Balance learn to read—then he
would know what his contributors
are slipping over on him. Tours
alive to their position to acquaint
other members with tho true facts.
His closing remarks wei'e: • "I
can assure you that It gives me
great pleasure to be here this evening to see that thc Winnipeg mo-
vement is not dead. With rticsc
words I want to thank you for myself und the support whloh was
given to Mrs. Russell, and thank
you on behalf of the "boys" for
the solidarity whloh has been demonstrated since they have been
away."   (Applause.)
Britons!  Wake Up
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: After
an absence of 12 years, I visited
Great Britain last summer, returning ot Canada a short time ago.
Prelous to rny visit, I had an exaggerated Idea of the progress
made by the British-workers, during, the last decade.
After visiting the principal Industrial centres, and coming In
contact with various Labor organizations and groups in England, I
came to the conclusion, that the
number of olass-conscious workers
In Western Canada and the Pacific coast states Is greater, In proportion lo the population, than ln
tne Old Country.
Though the mass of misery, oppression, slavery, degradation and
exploitation, predicted by Marx,
has grown, the corresponding revolt of the working class, against
the capitalist system, has not ma<
terlallzed to any great extent.   The
Lazarus-layers of the Britiih
workers have still, all the characteristics which were the despair of
Marx and Engles; stodgy, apathetic, mindless and with-a profound
respect for their "betters." Tbey
are a direct product of generations
of Industrial slaves, and the laisser-
falre policy of the ruling class. If
the masters of Britain, allow theh.
slaves to degenerate much lower,
they will be hopelessly outclassed
in the race for world domination.
Bolshevik methods, of transforming
the political snuperstructure of the
state, ar« not adapted to the temperament of the British worken.
Suoh methods and tactics ara
the .weapons of mors virile races,
suoh aa the Slavs, Latins. Irish and
others wbo bave not been divorced
from the land for generations, and
crushed by the industrial Jugger-
Having worked In the coal and
steel districts of Pennsylvania*
where tbe majority of workers art'
of Slav and Latin onr action, tbe
possibility of a revolt a**1nst ths
system of production is much
greater there, than in any part of
Great Britain.
Kautsky, who is acknowledged as
the most prominent Marxian ln
Europe, has been bitterly assailed
on account of his attitude to Bal-
shevism. Taking Into consideration the mentality of the British
workers, there is much to Justify
his position. Kautsky In his wdrk,
"The Boclal Revolution," published several years prior to the groat
war, criticizes the English workers.
"Their highest ideal consists la
apeing their masters and ln maintaining their hypocritical respectability, thetr admiration for wealth,
however lt may, be obtained, and
thetr spiritless manner of killing
their leisure time. The emancipation of their class appears to tham
a foolish dream. Consequently, lt
ts football, boxing, horse racing
and opportunities for gambling
which moves them the deepest and
theli* entire leisure time, their Individual powers, and their material
means are devoted."
This indictment still holds.
Tours respectfully,
Hotel Alaskan,
Calgary, Alta.
Wishing yoa «B • HW9
New Yetr
/ ■
m 4«lr* to tamlat yen
lhat wt tail tfltmUa   \
D      on ths easiest torms of
and that in ur* wl.hful
at mtklnc jwir M«mint-.
aim aai dolaf biwlawa
with yen throughout itll.
I FnrnitiireCo.
TB   Oppmia citjr HaB
Murderous Government Is
Forced to Stop, One
(Bjr tha Fedtrato, Preaa)
Vlanna.—Tha death aentene* of
Joseph (Matter, a Hungarian railroad .workman who waa arreeted
while taking money from Vlanna
to Budapest to help th* famlllee
of lmprlioned workera, haa been
commuted by Admiral Horthy to
Ufa Imprisonment at penal eerrt-
To Start Series of Me*
tags in Dreamland
Theatre .
It la th* Intention of th* floatk
Vanoouyw branoh of tbe r. U 9,
to hold a aerie* ot brganliatUn
meetinga la tha riding early la th*
Now Tear. The naenHn dealt**
to hava all raatdenta ot th* municipality wh* endorse th* platform
of tha F. L. P., actively ldentlled
with tha movement, to that an educational campaign can be a*cc«|i
fully carried sa, and whan the '• •
time for action arises, whether m»-
nlcipal, provincial or fedoral, tha
machinery of aSectlva oKganUatloa 'I
naoeaaary to oarry through a militant eleotlon oampalgn, will be oomplete.
The electoral district of froth
Vaneouvar haa made a good h*> ' ■
ginning In th* .lection ot Harry —
Neelanda ta tha Provincial Legla- i
lature.   That, however, I* only a "
Th* slogan of th* T. - P. la: V. $
b P. man far all publlo offloo, and S
tha battening In of tha bettor ,.'
world. s.
Th* Ilrst meeting will b* h*M
la Mainland theatre. Main streot
and Twanty-dxth avenue, on Sunday, January l.~
8p.ak.ri: Mr*. Taylor,' Ml*. I
Outhrle, M. L. A., Mr. H. Neelanda,
membor for Booth Vancouvor, and
Mr, 3. a. Woodtworth.
London—At a delegate meeting
of the Council of th* Torkahlre Miners' Association, a vote waa take*
on a proposal calling for tha resignations of Messrs. Smith, Potts and
Roebuck, membera of tho Miners'
Executive, In eonsequence ot th*lr
action ln connection with the rfc-
cent wagee settlement.-The voting
resulted: 46 ln favor of demanding
resignation, and . ,M7 ngalaal
Bach voto repreeented id member*
Put a one-cent stamp on  this
paper'and mall ft to a friend
This almost unprecedented act of,
clemency waa brought about by
pressure from labor.
Th* Austrian Social Democrat*,
rallwaymen appealed to tho Amsterdam Trada Union Bureau to aM
Glatter, which In turn requested
ths German Rallwaymen's Trad*
Union Council to forco the Oerman
government to take - up the eaa*
with Horthy. And Chlcherln, commissar of foreign affairs In Russia
aent a telegram to Russia stating
that ten Hungarian aristocratic offlcen Imprisoned In Russia would
die lf any harm should be done to
Winter Term
Monday, January 3
Spend your leisure hours during the winter in • profitable manner by
attending cither our Day or Evening elassc*. A practical business training
will fit you for a better position and will aid you in tbe conducting of youi
own business affairs.
See us TODAT for full information.
Success Business College
Phone Fairmont 2075
'il.      i    ■     ■      -
FRIDAY. December SI,
The IM.TJ Loggers' Boot
Hall'orders  personally attended ta
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks aud Aro Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phono Seymour 556 Repairs Done While You Wf.lt
Fifteenth    Hoar    Standard
Bank—Comer of Haatings
and Richards
Phonos:    Seymonr Wi;
Highland S134L
The dlrecton of tlie now
flaunts HOSTEL, the Downle
Sanitarium, Ltd., located on
the   16th   floor.   Standard
. Baak, corner of Haatinga and
Richards,    wish    to    make
; the following announcement
without even a mental reservation, that, until further notice, all treatments are given
. We are duly registered under tbe Companies Act to
cany oo tbe business of a
sanitarium In til Its
traurhsa, and to employ the
SMitos of all necessary and
proper parties In connection
wtth same, and In connection
wtth said business of a sanitarium to oarry on the bust-
Mas of hotel or boarding
bouse keeper.
Aa we do bnsiness by appointment ONLY, lt Is absolutely necessary that parties
pbone or write us beforo
coming here. Phones:
Sey. MS High. 2131L
Author of Brass Check
Receives 20,000 Votes
for Congress
Upton Sinclair, author of "The
Brass Check," an exposure of
American Journalism, received
more than 20,000 votes as a candidate for congress In the aristocratic Tenth California district.
Mr. Sinclair was the nominee of
the Socialist purty and had the endorsement of thc Labor League,
Single Tax Party and "World War
Daily newspapers were so enraged over the enormous vote polled by Sinclair* that they absolute-
ly refuse to say a word about it.
In fact, rather than mention the
news of Sinclair's great showing,
they refuse, to even report that
their own candidate, Congressman
Henry Q. Osborne, was elected.
They simply ignore the entire
Tenth district.
In a statement Mr. Sinclair says:
"Can anyone cite a more curious
Illustration of special privilege in
journalism than the following: All
Los Angeles newspapers, two morning and three afternoon papers,
suppress all election returns from
the Tenth congressional district In
order to avoid mentioning the name
of the author of 'The Brass Check.'
Not one word has geen published
concerning   our   election   results."*
Mr. Sinclair's" enormous vote
was a surprise, especially surprising' In view of the fact that the
voters had to learn of his candidacy through his speeches and
pamphlets only—no daily newspaper in the district ever mentioned
that he was a candidate for congress.
ua won
Alaskan  Labor Union
Convention Takes
We teach you how
to keep well
Radical Governor Working In Conjunction Wtth Vnrious Lahor
Groups in Mexico District
Mexico City—Governor Calesti-
no dasca of the federal district of
Mexico is working on a project for
the construction of model wprkers'
houses to be owned by the government and rented to workers' families.
The project involves the expenditure of about 5,000,000 pestos
Gasea, who is a former shoemaker and mechanic makes no denial of the fact that he is a radical, has recently instituted a "department of press and information" which sends out bulletins
three or four times a week to all
labor groups, telling them of what
the- government is doing. Special
attention is paid to news of results of strikes. Thus the workers
know what strikes are won and
what ones are lost.
Seattle, Wash.—"The Rubalyat
of Omar Khayyam" is considered
fadical by Seattle police. William
Antenne was thrown In jail when
police found a copy of the famous
poem on his person. He was held
four days "for federal investiga
tion." Federal agents ordered his
release when they learned of the
police blunder.
Vancouver Unions
OOUNOIL—P«bident, J. M, Clarke;
rtM-pmldent, B. W. Hitler; iccreliry
I O. Smith; treiittrer, 'A. 8. Welle;
WrgMBt-ltarni, E. Home; trustees,
Our, VturaMiB, Sliverwrlght md Mldg-
E, IfMta lid Wedneiday each montb
lis Pender Hall, eorner of Pender and
se itraeU. Phoae Ber 881
WW****}   IWWH.     AatVBmW   ***>B.    »"■
t ill—Meeti aecond Mondiy In tha
•eitk. Preeldent, J. f. McConnell. sec-
Starr! R. H. Seeliwda. P. O. Box flg. _
Limber Indnatry <camp and mill)
■eat with fellow workere fn tbat industry. Organise into tha Lumber, Cemp k
Ssrlealturil Workera Dept. of tho O. B.
V. .Headqiinrters, SI Cordon atreet west,
Taseouvcr.   Phone Bey. 7B58.      	
0. B. U.—President, R. W. Hatley;
MOreUrr J. O. Smith. Meeta let Wed-
saaday in eicn month In Pander Hal),
•ar. of Fender and Howe atreete.   Phone
■ay. 881.	
Hotel    and    rebtauhant    em-
ploreee, Loeal 88—Meets every second
Wedneidiy in tbe month it 2:80 p.m.
sad avary fourth Wedneediy In the month
St 1:80 p.m. President, John Cummlngs,
ttenlt •• and buelneaa agent, A. Graham.
Ofle* and meeting hall, Ul Seymour St.
%, Phone Sey. 1881. Offlco boars, 8
a__\, to fl p.m.   .
International   longshoremen■ b
Auoeiatlon, Loeal 88-52—Offlce and
fcaU 152 Cordova St. W. Meeta first
sad third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary
traaaarer, F. Chapman; buelness agont,
B, Kiehirdi
Uforoas Miner*—Vancouver, B. 0., headquarters, 01 Cordova Stroet Weat. AU
(.orkers engaged in tliis Industry are
urged to loin tbe Union before going on
tbo Job. Don't wait to he organised, but
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)— Branch meets aecond and fourth
Mondays, 819 .Pender St. W. President,
Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth'Ave., North Vincouver; financial aeeretary, E. Goddird,
856 Richards Street; recording eecretary,
J. D. Russell, Booth Rd., McKay P. 0.,
Burnaby, B. 0. ..
en Bridgemen, Derrickmen and Riggers
of Vancouver and vicinity. Meets every
Monday, 8 p.m., In O. B. U. HaU, 804
Pender St. W. President, T. L. Hewitt;
financial secretary and business agent, E.
Home.  Phone, Seymour 2ffl.	
era—You need the Cam; Workers of
your industry. They netd you. Organizo
together In the O. B. U. Indtitsrlil Unit
of your occupation. Delegates on evory
Job, or write 'the District Headquarters,
81 Cordova St. W., Vancouver. Entrance
fee, 81.00; monthly dues. $1.00.
Fastener!), I.L.A., Local Union 88A,
Serifs 6—Meets tbo 2nd nnd 4th Fridayn
of the month at 319 Pender St. West, 8
p.m. President, William Msylnr; financial
secretary and business agent, M. Phelps;
corresponding secretary, W. Leo. Office
819 Pendor St. W
an' Union—Meeti 2nd and 4tb Mon-
dan President, J. E. Dawson, 1845 Yew
Bt., Kltallano; aeeretary, E. T. Kelly,
SHO Haatings St. E.; reeordlng secretary,
L Holdawortb, 639—14th St. W., North
■jwwmwi      M  ,
WORKERS Dapt. ot tkt' O. B. U.—
ta iadustri.l onion of sll workers ln log*
■ten Md construction camps. Cosst Dls-
CM ui Q.norsl Hwdqulrt..., ei Cor-
|m flt. W., Vsncou.er. B. O. Pbon, Sey.
' ISM. ' B. Wlncb, iener.1 secretsrr
VMS.rer: l.J.l •d.isers, Messrs. Bird,
HMiontld * Co., Vancouver, B. C; .udl-
Mn, Hessrs. Buttsr A Chiene. V.ncou-
Wf. B. O.      	
tk. O. B. U. ant lo tbelr anion hsll
tt Bons 3 snd t Empire Botel, TO Hist.
Sn BMt, irst ind third Wednesday In
_, *onlt. President V. Owens: jle.-
Mtlisnt, D. Cirlln: secretirr, Ei" "«««•
Roll Ber. 10W
no., wr   e°.. .	
Unber Indsrtt*.   f •"'■• i'f°_*i,
L„ 0. * A. W. Bepl. ol the O. B. V.
. Millworkers, Brinokei HllllHbw
****».•«—Lnmber  Workeri'   hoidqnir-
imTOl Oordo.1 81. W. Ewy Moidtr
««lr>itmlMt«^-Ubor Hill, cor. Boysl
Art. ind Ttb St.   and ind 4lh WednM-
hsur Mllls-^Old Mo.lnt Plctoro Tbel-
Irs, M.lllird.llle.   lid ud lib Tkin-
day, • p.m.
Port Moody—Orange Hall,  2nd Friday,
every montb, at 8 p.m.  	
era' Ualt of tba Ona Big Unloa, Metal-
Meeta last Sunday of each montb at
2 p.m. Preaident, A. E. Robb; vice-
president, O. H. Collier; aecretary-treaaurer,  R. H.  Neelands.  Boi  60.
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meata A. O. F. Hall, Mount Pleasmt
1st and 8rd Mondays it 10.15 a.m. and /
p.m. Praaldant, B. Bigby; recording
aeeretary, F. E. Griffin, 447—6th Avenue
East; treasurer, F. Sldawiyj flninolal
secretary and business agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Street; office corner
Prior and Main Sta. Phoae Fair. 8604 R.
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Mondiy In each month, 8 p.m. President, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, D.
Lawson; recording secretary, C. McDonald, P. O. Box 508; financial aeeretary, T. Templeton, P. O. Box 608.
Provincial Unions
TI0T0BIA. ■■ 0.
and Labor Connell—Moeta Int sad
third Wedneadaya, KnlgbU at Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. PresP
dent, A. 0. Pike; vtee-priildent, 0. I.
Copeland; aecretary-treaaurer, E. 8.
Woodward, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria, B.C.
COUNCIL, 0. B, U.—Meets every Tuesday in the Melntyra Hall it 8 p.m. Meetinga opaa to all 0. B, U. members. Seoretary-treasurer, N. Booth, Box 817
Princo Rupert, B. 0.
bor Couneil—Meeta aecond nnd fonrtb
Tuesdajs of each month,  ln  Carpentera'
Hall.    Preildant. B. D. McDoaald; tie*
Sresident, A. Ellis; aeeretary, Oaa. Wad-
ell, Box 278,  Prince Bupert, B. G,
Will Submit Proposal to
Referendum of General Membership
V In Petersburg, Aliiska, on December 8, lho flret convention of
the Alaska Industrial Union convened. The convention was possibly thu most momentous In the history of the Alaskan Labor movement. This history dates back "to
the formation of the Alaska Labor
Union, In Ihfi towji of Anchoruge,
during the railroad construction
period around 1912. The Alaslta
Labor Union, or, as it is more familiarly termed, the A, L. U., in Its
palmiest days in Anchorage alone
had a membership of six thousand.
The A. L. U. parented the Industrial Union, the latter being
launched by the delegates attending a convention of the A. L. U. at
Juneau during  1919.
Before biology had obtained its
present dignity all the beat people
were agreed that the nins of the
parents were visited upon the children. The transmission of property ia undoubtedly due to this concept. Be that as it may, very few
ex-members of the deceased A. L.
U. will contend that the unla-
mented organization was in the
cherubim category of the departed
unions, onc noeds only to mention
the Temple of Ignorance (Labor
Temple) erected at Anchorage at a
cost of |GO,000. This self-asaumed
liability almost put the organization horse de combat. About the
only thing the A. L. U. left to
posterity Is this monument erected
to commemorate the crass stupidity
of its membership.
An ni-vhid
Despite all the best traditions to
the contrary the old A. L. U. Wi
unable to pass much of its iniquity
to Its lusty child. This, of course,
peeved sundry creditors, and
disgusted several of its members
tliat they refused to join the In
dustrial Union. The old adage
"That it is an ill-wind which blows
nobody any good,", well fitted the
situation; what the union lost, the
Board of Trade gained. It is only
necessary to briefly compare the
constitutions of the two organiza
tions to realize that the Alaska In
dustrial Union took a big step in a
progressive direction. For example, the A. A. U. pledged itself,
vide preamble, "To use all honorable means to maintain and promote friendly relations between
ourselves and employers." The constitution of the Industrial Union,
on the contrary, states that "the
Interests of thc workers and masters is diametrically oppoaed"
.    .    ,    and the fight is on.
The clarity relative to their
class position, which now manifested itself in the tone of the new
constitution, was also present, but
in somewhat of a lesser degree, in
that the membership realized their
impotency when confronted with a
more highly organized master
class. During the summer of last
year the union lost-a cannery strike
solely on account of their isolation.
In this particular strike all the cannery workers and fishermen were
out solid and the strike was almost won when several halibut
boats quit halibut fishing In order
to scrb on the salmon fishermen.
Had the Alaskan workers bcen
linked up with the fishery workers
of Prince Rupert the hallbuters
who scabbed would have done so
only'at the risk of being unable to
sell their halibut upon the Prince
Rupert market. No Alaskan hali-
buter at tbis time can afford to
sacrifice thc Canadian market, and
this economic factor would have
caused the potential scab to ponder so long that the strike would
have been won. Incidents of this
description clearly demonstrated to
the Alaskan workers that despite
the greater effectiveness of the Industrial Union as compared with
thc A. L. U. there was still the
need of a more extensive organization.
It was In response to this demand that the writer was sent fo
the Petersburg Convention in the
capucity of a fraternal delegate
from the One Big Union.
Paramount Business
The various Alaskan cities like
Ketchikan and Juneau were ably
represented by delegates of the
class-conscious variety. These delegates reflected the psychology of
the membership for more solidarity in the North, consequently, the
paramount business before the
convention crystallized itself into
three letters which constitute the
Holy Trinity of the proletariat—
O. B. U.
What was accomplished ln this
direction Is best evidenced by the
following recommendation of the
"The forces which, at the Juneau
convention ln 1919, determined
the aetion of your delegates ln destroying the Alaska Labor Union
and creating the Alaska Industrial
Union as a weapon to more successfully combat cannery combines and interlocking mining directorates are Btill preient and are
moro intensified.
"Realizing that a still greater
and more Intensive organisation is
yet necessary, and after having
discussed the whold question at
considerable length, your delegates
to the first convention of the
A. I. U. held In Petersburg commencing December t, declare ourselves unanimously In favor of
recommending to our membership
that the Alaska Industrial Union
Join the One Big Union."
A referendum on thli question
Is being taJien at tha preient tlmt
among fth« membership In tht
A. I. U„ and if the opinion expressed by the delegates before tbo
adjournment ot the convention la
to be taken as my   criterion  tho
The Pacific Outlook
Preparing for the Next World War
(By Deucalion, In the Daily
hiB Book of Revelations a
Diary of the First World War.
That christening in his confession of fnith that the "War to End
War" was" nothing, but a curtain-
That faith Is shared by the leading sailors, soldiers and "statesmen"  of the  "civilized"  world.
They repeat the Ci'tdo of the
Church of Antichrist Scientist.
They move under an old dispensation, lf in a new world.
The age of steel and gold has
merged Into that of oil and gas.
Thc rest is but a forgotten year
striking backward.
To them the League of Nations
Is but a toy for the ruling democracies'of the nations.
They Regard the gambols at Geneva as a trainer of wild beasts for
the arena of old Rome may hnve
watched his tiger cubs playing
with a skull.
Tlio Temple's Veil
In the meantime, behind the yell
of the temple, under cover of parliamentary platitudes and prostitutions, thc men that matter in this
dispensation get on with the work
that matters.
They are planning where and
how the next world war shall bc
Occasionally some inkling of their
purpose, some stray echo from
their anvils, reaches the doped and
docile multitudes outside.
•But the evil of the temple Is not
rent asunder.
Such an echo Is the present controversy over the next navy estimates.
There is today much questioning
as to why we must still maintain
a great navy.
There is more as to why there
should be any need to continuo to
build "capital ships," those floating fortresses costing £9,000,000 to
build and a quarter of a million
annually to maintain, when these
monsjers are so susceptible to attack by submarine, aeroplane and
In the House of Commons thc
Chancellor of the Exchequer said
The cabinet, while determined lo
maintain a navy sufficient to guarantee the safety of the Empire and
our Imperial communications,
wishes to be certain that the les
sons of the late war are definitely
learned, and, particularly, the usefulness of capital ships ascertained
before epibarklng on any new constructions.
Therefore, the committee of Imperial defence has been charged
to institute an exliauselve Invest!
gatlon as- to strengths, tn reference
to the lessons of the great war; and
no programme of capital ships will
be sanctioned by the cabinet until
It knows the result of that inquiry.
Secret or Riddle -
Tho whole truth has not been revealed. The answer to the riddle
Is not told.
Modern navies take years to
build and organize.
Building programmes are conditioned by strategy and strategy!
by policy,
The policy of the men that in
ter Is based on the conviction tlmt
the next worid war will be a raeif I
struggle between yellow and white.
The European naval problem'
was resolved at Scapa Flow.
There remains the problem of the
Pacific and the Eastern archipeta-.
....It Is tlie conviction of the men:
that matter thnt Japan mast fight
America ot perish. y ■ ■>
They work as scientists, watching the approach of an irresistible
force to an Immovable object to
what will happen.
What happens Is a bran-mash, of
cannon fodder and a "new Orientation."
Japan, tbey eay, muat expand or
perish. The preuure of population:
Is driving the yellow peoples outward! as It hu dono on scores of
previous occasions through tho agei
of recorded history.
America ls olosed to them by ttje
Monroe doctrine. Australia, by tbo
White Man's Burton. Siberia hu
too harsh a climate for tho Japanese, China ls populated and ovor-
Ono Big Union will receive Into lta
ranks a virile roorult within tho
noxt fow weeko.
Tho nood ol tho Ono Big Union
for tho workon tf i*Uka U
groat, hut the need oi tho *Iuka»
wore workon for tno Ono Big
Union 1« greater.
Waterfront Men Want
Scab  Bureaux   >
. Abolished
populated to tho limit of subsist
ence. The Chinese masses survive
by the operation of periodic famines.
And the population of Japan,
now about 00,000,000, Is Increasing
by some -€00,000 every year.
Therefore, Japan and America
are building warships, building
them as if they had never hoard
of a League of Nations, building
them as if their very existence depended upon them.
And, according to the faith of
the men that matter, it does.
Tho Vnited States linvc now under construction 10 battleships an;E
six bat ft' rrulsors, all of them laid
down since 1016.
Japan lms a programme authorized or eight battleships nnd eight
battle cruisers, of which four bnt-
tlexhips are actually under con-
stniellon, und an order for nnother
capital ship has just been placed
In. Englund.
rBut why, In the light of experience in the flrtit world war, are
they building capital ships?
' ''Because the Pacific Ocean is the
destined arena for the next stupendous strugglo.
World Dominion
The nations of old Europe havo
committed suicide by falling upon
each other's swords.
The focus of world evolution has
shifteri from the* North Sea to the
The narrow seas of Europe afc
at the mercy of the mine and the
submarine and the torpedo-carrying aeroplane.
But, foi' a time, in the Pacific
Ocean, with its vast spaces, the
capital ship is still the mistress of
the waves.
Not yet has been solved the problem of aeri-il warfare over this
vast extent of water.
The first world war has made old
Europe bankrupt, Japan and
America dlonc aio flt for a war for
world dominion n: the approaching
And It Is ln the Credo of the
man that matters that they will
flght it, because yellow und white
will never mix on equal terms.
And what has Oreat Britain to
do with this simian Iniquity, this
cold-blooded Satanism?
It Is of the essence of a world
wnr that nn nation or people can
keep out of It.
Wc British will flnd oursclvcB
the mercenaries of ono side or the
other; just as wo have made the
black and brown races our mercenaries In tho past.
Then' under which flag, Proletarian?
Under the Rising Bun that
scorched Korea br the Stars and
Stripes that scourged Haiti and the
Filipinos and the negroes of the
White Man's Burden
We could not, say the men who
matter, flght for the yellow against
the whito in that war.
Nor could we stand aside, because the future of Canada and
Australia would be Involved,
What are the Japanese Imperialists Baying even now? Listen:
u! "But, using China as our steed,
should oui' flrst goal be the land?
India? Or the Pacific, the sea that
tnust be our very own, even as the
Atlantic Is now England's? The
land Ib tempting and easy, but
withal dangerous.
■-■ "It must thereforo be the sea;
but the sea means the Western
Americas and all tho Islands be
tween; and with thoio must soon
come Australia, India, And thon
the battling for tho balanco of
world-power, for tho itoit of North
» "North America alone will aup*
port a billion people; that billion
shall be Japanese with their slaves.
Not arid Asia, nor worn-out Europe, nor yot tfoploal Africa, lo flt
for our pooplo. But North America, that oonttnont ao luaculently
greon, fresh and unsullied.*'
That wu written by a Japanese
In 1111, and ls quoted by an Ameriean ln 1980.
Tbat, tn tho prophetic words of
Commander Bellalrs, speaking In
the Howe of Commons oa tho
navy ootimateo oa June 1, 1090, la
"The Pacific Outlook."
And In that outlook thoro is already n oloud a good deal bigger
tban a man's hand—tho Vanderlip
oonosmloM from Bovlet Bu»ta to
big bmlneas In tho United flUtfi.
That eonoenton ls a itandlng
menace to Japan.
Already tbo pawns aro moving In
the groat gamo.
j   ilready tho now BuhU Ii ln-
I    tinder whloh la* Proletariat,
Overseas Shipping Companies Keep Up Fight
Against Labor
Following the" general strike in
Australia, the various shipping
companies throughout Australia
engaged scab labor through specially created scab-labor bureaux.
With the settlement of the strikes
thoy refused to abolish these bureaux ln order to allow the unionists to go buck to work on the waterfront. Gradually, however, the
unionists won through, till -by the
beginning of the present year, the
unionists had driven the scabs from
the waterfront and established the
scab-labor bureaux in ail the Australian states excepting New South
Wales. With the coming of tho labor government in that state, the
scabs were given their walking
ticket as far as some wharves were
concorned, but the oversea shipping
companies still stuck to the scabs.
They have, up to date, refused to
get rid of the scabs or give up the
scab-labor bureaux.
Workers Determined
The unionists on the waterfront
at~"Sydney are determined that as
has beeji the case in other Australian states,-the scabs shall goVrom
the wharves at Sydney. First they
tried appeals to the oversea shipping companies but as these failed
they are adopting other methods.
In order to reach some flnuHty in
the matter, a conference was held
between the waterfront unions and
the oversea shipping companies at
Sydney on October 25 last. The
spokesmen of the unionists claimed
that the shipping companies had
no valid reason for employing scabs
but the shipping company replied
that they were under an obligation
to these men who had come to
their services in the general strike,
ond did not Intend to forsake them.
The union representatives maintained that there was no obligation at all, as the men came to
them for work simply because they
wero thrown out of work elsewhere
for not enlisting and in order to
shirk going to the war, rushed In
as scabs during the general strike.
The men nlso claimed that the
shipowners issued discs to the men
by which they could procure work,
and whatever discs were issued to
union men were of such a high
number that.it was impossible for
a unionist to get work. The discs
issued to the scabs were of low
numbers, which always gavo them
a preference in the work on. the
waterfront. The shipowners also
raised the, plea that they were
bound to give returned soldiers
preference but the unionists claimed,that the genuine returned soldiers did not ask for preference.
When they returned from the war,
soldier unionists were told that
they were supposed to get preference in work, but' they replied "To
hell with preference; we want to
work under the same conditions as
other men."
Unions Amalgamated
At any rate the shipowners refused to give way on the. matter
of getting rid of the scabs and
abolishing the bureaux through
which the scabs were engaged for
work on the waterfront. The result ls that the ulnonlsts are now
seeing what other methods can be
adopted to beat the scabs. Recently all the waterside worker unions
amalgamated into what is known
as the Transport Workers Federation. This body, which ls very
powerful, Is also working ln with
the miners, and are taking counsel
as to the means to be adopted to
flght the shipowners. Whatever
plans are decided upon are not being divulged, but lt can be taken
for granted that the unionists are
not going out on strike to attain
their ends. They have learned
much from lhe last general Strike,
when as a result of hunger, they
were driven back to work, defeated. The waterfront workers will
adopt other, and they claim more
scientific and better, methods of
beating the shipowners. At the*
present time Irritation strikes are
taking part along the waterfront,
Ono section of the workers comes
out on strike for a day or two,
then settle up, to be followed by
another' section at some other
different place. Whether this Is
part of the plan is not told, but it
Ib safe tq say that the workers on
the waterfront will deal with the
shipowners and their scab friends
no less drastically than formerly,
but with less loss to themselves.
At $15.00
21 only of these overcoats; regular price up to $37.50;
sizes 34 to 48. Large sixes dark grey and black, medium
weight. Young men's kikcs—Chinchilla and good tweed.
All good patterns. For speedy
All the balance of our good overcoats, 25 per eent. ofl.
ladies' Sweater Coat Special—All our Ladies' Sweater
Coats, choice shades, Universal make.     <fc 1 A AA
Beg. $14 to $.18.50. For speedy sale..
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's and Boys' Clothiers
2 Stores
309 HASTINGS W.        623 GRANVILLE ST.
The Communists of France
(By George Slocombe)
NOW that French Socialism Is
definitely oriented to Moscow
(the vote of the National Socialist Congress at-Toura can only
repeat and confirm that cast last
Sunday by the Congress of the
Seine), lt ts interesting to review
the general situation of this country in which the Socialists will
awake on New Year's Day and flnd
th'emselves definitely committed to
a policy of revolution,
Consider first the elements that
make for revolution in France.
There is a serious fliv.uiclal crisis, of
which the present depreciated
value of the franc affords somt_
sllght outward inkling. This crisis,
grave enough in the time of M.
Klotz, has only been aggravagated
under the regime of M. Francois
Marsal, his successor at the ministry of finance. Mr. Marsal's policy
has been the vigorous but doubtful one of instructing banks to refuse any further advances against
goods, to reduce discounts, and to
force manufacturers and traders to
sell their accumulated stocks.
Since August, in fact, the Bank
of France has followed this Instruction. But whatever tho merits of
tho policy of M, Marsal, no minister of finance could cope with a
budget in which, as in the case of
that for the coming year, the estimated government expenditure Is
only half mfet by the revenues of
the Btate,
Thero is next—an even graver
matter, and one concerning which
the press of France has maintained an almost universal conspiracy
of silence—the gravo industrial situation. The statement wns made
In .a well-informed quarter this
week that there Ib at the moment
not one factory ln France which ls
not discharging Its employees, and
not one business house that is en-
Joying Its full measure of trade.
These two facts are said to provide
the government of M. Leygues wUH
its principal preoccupation.
During the flrst fortnight In Oc
tober, according to the ministry of
Labor, the number of unemployed
In the country did not exceed 125,
000, Today, however, the flgure
has risen to 400,000. The motorcar and aircraft Industries arc particularly badly hit. The metallurgical Industry confesses to 60,000
unemployed workers, the textile
industry to 80,000, and thc leathei-
trade to 65,000. At Roubaix and
at Lille the spinning mills have cut
down their output to one-half; the
great workshops at I^ons and St.
Etlenne to 60 per cent.
' These are facts that one never
reads in the capitalist press here,
or Indeed abroad, but they are per:
fectly well-known to Lhe gOvernr
ment, to the trade unions, and to
the great bankers and manufacturers. Superficially at least they
seem  to  indicate  the  ripeness  of
Spokane, Wash.—Call for 6,000
men to como to Spokane and participate in a free speech campaign
has been Issued by the local I. W.
W. headquarters. The war will'be
waged along the same lines as in
1909 and lfllO when the I. W. W.
filled the local Jails. It cost Spokane $40,000 to feed the I. W. W.
taken prisoners at tbat time and
defray other expenses resulting
from the campaign. Not more than
1,000 took part ln that campaign.
TORONTO, Ont.—Grand Trunk
railway officials announce a 10 per
eent, out In the shop employees'
muster roll Jn the various shops
throughout Canada as well as a 20
per eent. out ln working hours of
those atlll employed.
the com that the French Communists, on the morrow of their almost
certain triumph at Tours, may prepare themselves to reap. But look
at tho other side of the picture.    ^
There. Is In France a militarist
party stronger than any other in
the world, stronger even—with the
aid of the inflamed passions that
are the legacy of the war—than
the Junker party in Prussia before
the war. There is a general staff
whose head, Genernl Debeney, has
already confessed privately to cherishing a plan for a French offensive against Russia ' next spring, .
nnd whose subordinate officers, to
my certain knowledge, ore maturing plans, with the co-operation of
civilian motor transport exports,
for.the breaking of any' future
transport strike. Then there Is a
Coalition -government that ts the
nbject instrument of the financiers
and great capitalists of Franco and
Morocco, nnd even of the Clericalists and Royalists whose power in
France was thought to have ebbed.
And there is, perhaps, a greater
factor against revolution than any
of these, the almost solidly bourgeois spirit of the French nation,
which may be callod much more
justly than England a nation of
small shopkeepers and farmers.
This bourgeois spirit of France,
honest and sturdy and admirable
as it is, will oppose bitterly any
attempt at revolution.
A French Socialist of my acquaintance has spent several days
lately ln his native village ln the
Dordogne, perhaps tho richest agricultural district In the country,
All the peasants there, he says, are
armed. Some of them oven have
machino guns hidden among the
straw In thoir barns. The rural
gendarmerie, too, ts armed with ,
rifles and machine guns, ready for
any attempt to seize the great estates.
It Is the peasant problem In
France, as In Russin, that will prove
the hardest stone in the road to
Committee for Proiiagniicln and Action Is Working at Full Blast
Says Report
(By the Federated Press)
Copenhagen—The committee for
propaganda und action of the revolutionary peoples of the Ortont,
elected ut the Baku revolutionary
congress of the Nctir Kast last September, hns chosen un executivo
committee of nine members to curry on tho work of tho muln council, Bays u report Jusf received from
The representatives of the Hus-
slun Communist pnrty on the committee, Pnvlof and Mrs. Stussova,
have the right to vote the executive committee's proposals. A special bureau of the committee Is to
be set up ln Turkestan, and a propaganda sohool Is to be founded,
ahd a newspaper called "The Peoples of the Orient" ls to be printed in Russian, Turkish, Arabic and
en that Paddo "Day?"
Japan's 0*11 On Vl '
Tokio—-Bai-on Sakamoto, a well-
known number of th* House al
Pew*, advo'catss the renewal of
tb* Anglo-Japan*,* Alll*noe, but
insists th»t th* olause whloh was
lnierUd to exempt Oreat Britain
I Mm any obligation* undtr th* Al-
Umo* In th* event et trouble between lapan oat America ihall be
«*l*t*l.-<J*»tr»l K.W*.
Lively Debato at Convention Over
Vaniferllp Concessions—Was
For Beneflt of Peoplo
Moscow.—Trotsky was subject to
keen cross-questioning at the All-
Russlan Transport Workers' Conference on the Vanderlip concession ln Kamschatka.
He claimed that the concession
wa* profitable to both sides, and
that It was only one form of the
necessary trade and exchange with
The lively debate which followed
ocoupied every session of the con.
The N. B. Fedoration of Labor
will meet In St. John on January
11,1IJ1. The conventions have formerly been held ln Froderlckton.
A programme of legislation will be
dlecussod, which, aftor adoption
will be presented to the New Bruns.
wlok legislature.
X-RAYS Locate Ills
Vancouver X-Ray
I'flichtr of Drugl.ll HMllug
for-, the cllmlncttli
chronic ailments
Hours, 0 to 6 ev
Vancouver X-Htty
tutp, tf u Btnndan
Seymour 1977,
We recoil
half LutJI
•18.50 lyip.;
Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Phone Sey. 404-5-6 y%>"
..«uiuai .December 31, 1,20
.TWELFTH YEAR.    No. 61      IO.-   DKlll-U   -U--—-1A   f-U-RAllON 1ST      VANOCUVBR. B. 6.
Start the New Year
Well Dressed
Our -7th Annual January Clearance Sale
Starts Next Monday-,AlI Lines WiU Be
Sacrificed as We Do Not Intend to Carry
One Single Garment Over for Next Winter
342 nttfiifa 3t¥e5t-   [M*
. HAwtf *w ** MMNr jsrv.ji.ui3 ~^.f
«msne acyaaeo.
Incentives to Progress Under Capitalism
lent   of   Germany   Violated
iallst Principles By Reno-
lution of Saddlers' Union
Preaident Albert, who before he
ie preaident <of Germany vas
iess maker, has been expelled
lie Saddlers' Union of Ber-
a vote of 2,200 to 6.  The
tion   calling   for   his   expul
sion says; "This assembly no longer recognizes tho president of thc
empire aa a colleague, Inamuch as
he violated alt Socialistic principles, which do not admit of punishment by death."
Chicago.—Soymour Stedman, re-
cent Socialist candidate for vice-
president and attorney for Victor
L. Berger, has led a brief asking
for dismissal of Berger, under
year sentence for violation of thc
espionage act.
ronize Federationist Advertisers
Here They Are, Ina-raea ter Tou
Mr. Union Msn, Out This Out end Olve It to Tout Wife
Co  ; 570 Seymour Streot
.. Billiards •
■ '.^tUm {me. (Brunswick Fool Boom,).- 	
..618 nastitgs Btreet West
 .Basting! Street Eut
Boots and Shoes
;j'JOllllSlpn's Big Shoe House! 409 Hastings W.
c*er»*i Paris  '. : 64 Hastinga Street West
.. Wactichlan-Taylor Company 63 Cordova Street West
- Cornett Bros. A Ciarlie .: 86 Hastings Street West
Boot and Shoe Repairing
IParls _ 64 Hastings Street West
JOthod Shoe Repairing    337 Carralt Stroet
Books and Periodicals
tonal Book Stop Corner Hastings and Columbia Streets
•WftW-* Coo .
China and Toys
..419 Hastings Street West
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
lllard Coatea 30-32 Bums Bldg., 18 Hastings Street West
Be Sanitarium, Ltd.* loth Floor Standard Bank H'dg.
i Holder _ _ 74 Fairfield building
Valton 310-811 Carter Cotton Bldg, 198 Hastings St. VV.
Clothing and Men's Outfitting
i Quigley    546 Oranvillo Stroet
Ltd 163 Hastlnga Street West
p Stewart. 308-815 Hastings. Streot West
iutllfting Co.   J iii Hastings Slreot West
kilorlng Co. - - .' 342 Hnstluga East
jck Ltd-" - 1....S3-49 Hastings Streot East
fester * Oa., Ltd  514 Oranvillo Street
foster Ss Co., Ltd .  .345 Hastings Street Wost
Jeroy l-ti. „*_1SI5 Haatinga West and Vietoria, B. ft
truce.. .'. 401 Hastings Street Wost
fcr* Outsitting Oo 143 Hastings Stroot West
framitt ~ ._..___ Cordova Street
k>ok '. 117 Hastings Streot Wost
& McBain 685 Qranvllle Street
^tittle Tailors .'. 33.6 Carrall Stroet
\'.atgi:'.S'Oo., Ltd *20 Main Bt, Soymour 1441 and 46B
.■i?" Dancing Lessons
-''ptt—Ot Hall Corner o( Pender and Howe Streeta
W;'vft^Ferris Dancing School  Cotillion Hall
■" » Dentists
'Dr.'Brttt Anderson     602 Hastings West
'''Brfijiirdou Carriphell , 806 Oranvillo Streot
''VtSSte J. Curry j»-3"1 Dominion Building
Britannia Beer...
—Westminster Brewery Co.
-Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
........... Ciders and wines
Iver Drug Co-.
..Any of their aix stores
Dry Gooda
i Cloak * Suit Co.  613 Hastinga Street Weit
'Lasafy Extension University  701 Standard Bank Bldg.
' B, C, echool of Pharmacy and Science  616 Pender Wost
V* Florists
Browner*". * Oo. Ltd.; .48 Haatinga Esst and 7M Oraaville Btreet
Funeral Undertakers
Harron S,M»   -  • 2398 OranvWe Street
Mount J*ae*«t Undertaking Co - 233 Kingeway
-AwmiMan      —,.__. ,*„u-— 631 Homer Street
.41 Haatinga Street Weat
 1024 Main Street
 416 Main Stree:
"A iellerd *»mltln3'"*« .........
*'\ . .v.'"'//. .'"Groceries
.;     "Sat'ei*," (a_o etoree)Z.- ,,,n., .Jaatin^a,:Oranville and Main. Streets
f   "V«io«^*r OMPeretly*■'.-:... 41 Pender Street West
*    Hatters
Calhoun's, Ltd.
..tl Hastlnga Street Bast
.   O, B. Allan .' 480 Oranvllle Street
<   ,    '    .    Masseurs, Etc.
Ji^'tihy, B.A., M.E ..999 Broadway Weat
*'.        Overalls and Shirts
ii   ¥$** Hata" Braid. (Turner Beeton * Co., Victoria, B. C.)
'-    ' Printers and Engravers
 .. L Labor Temnle
,-...- ______._..- Tower Building
Cowan & Brookhouse..;.
jf-i-''--XX.. . , Taxi Service     \
*_, -Stanley Steam Taal Co -. ............. 1 334 Abbott street
Theatres and Movies
Pant* gea
(By T, P, M.)
A WORLD resplendent, yet dark
and drear, a world of plenty,
yet untold want everywhere;
a world vibrant with wondrous possibilities, yet permeated with evil
thoughts, evil actions, aU tho fruit
of evil Incentives; all founded upon
the morale of beast-man. Such is
this ball of living organisms that
is the earth, "Where vice goes
cloaked in the juice of virtue, and
wher'e hatred Ib mothered at the
breast of Ignorance, leaving truth
to be ground under the Tieel of
Mammon and to be spat upon by
the "cultured." Such Is human
society today. To deny It Is but to
prove It.
The human race finds itszlf,
after centuries of development, ox-
fstihg under a system of social production wherein necessity, dire necessity ls "the JmiieWng Infl'u'Uf.oe
tnat compels the activities of millions of Its toilet's. -Under this pre-
sei.trsystem, ouj.i*ai!.m1 the human
race hatf progitsset, £r..at]y; owmy
to the (iticovery of itontr. and electricity, and the utilization of these
forcos to man's usage. Capitalism
has been pregnaijt with great discoveries, Ingenious Inventions and
wonderful achievements, which,
doubtless will enable man to evolvB
to stupendous heights of achieve
ment and In a greater degree of
celerity than heretofore.
To the toilers of this capitalistic
world, the. road has boen one of
hard and merciless subjugation;
exploited, tortured and murdered
In millions by a system that was
compelled by economic forces to
do so. Howover, the crumbling of
the buttresses of this t-ola.^U social structure can lie heard, felt and
seen every day, which will eventually lay bare the unsafe i'ramev. crU,
the evil Incentives of such a structure, j
Whero Is It Going
In what line of direction is'hu-
man society developing? Whither
ls it travelling? Is it cunotMitrat-
Ing Its energies to bring about a
-means of existence wherelivall so-
flety may eventually realize what
to live, moans or should mean; or
Is lt progressing along the road
that means a greater and ever-widening chasfti-between master and
All progress, whether lt be for
the social betterment of all, or self-
interest, Is first formulated in the
brain of man by some Incentive.
Let us, if It be possible/draw
aside the curtain of present day
Activities, and seek for the Incentive, the impulse that propels and
determines all human thoughts,
words and  deeds.
All products of human labor are
owned and controlled by a seQtion
of human society, the capitalist
class, who are necessary tn human
society on'y Insofar as to be re
'ceivers of tho fruits of labor. This
parasitic element of human society,-
this corrupt growth upon a corrupt body politic, the state, owning and controlling all means of,
life, obviously are the owners and
therefore rulers of all society, plac
ing what'they are pleased to term
luws upon what they arc pleased t
term statute books, whit.1). reflect
naught but what redound* to
their own Interests; I'bsultiius in
a state of society wherein all tollers* are a subjected class, staves-
wage earners. Thus, we have a
state of affairs that compels and
creates antagonisms and conflicts,
in which force,) not reason is the
referee, wealth not knowledge, the
victor. With an understanding of
these fundamental laws anil oper
atlons of capitalism, wo oreato n
point of view that carries with It
certain logic, and from which angle
wo nnalyzo the present systom.
We will' take piecemeal,, as it
were, various component parts of
thfSfgoclal system, ami Just as a
scientist wojiUl under a niiiroacnpe,
examine organic-life; so will we
attempt, hy viewing through the
microscopo of things as wo soe
them, nre as we would have thom.
Words and Plir.ws
A construction has been given
to certain words and phrases, a
construction that misconstrues .nid
formulates in the brain of man
certain fixed meanings to those
words and phrases. Language has
become stereotyped. Such words
as right, wrong, honest, etc., have,
through their very usu,ge, become,
In lho brain of many, possessed of
nn absolute meailing, thua promoting a, mechanical process/ of formulating the ideas as tn the interpretation of such words. Without,
an understanding nf the relatively
of these innumerable words, man
will be but nn educated machine,
which Is detrimental to Intellectual
.progress. Perhaps such words
could possess an absolute manning
In a perfect social system, but as
this present system ts anything hut
perfect, we will adjust our concepts
of those words oa we see them and
compare thom with a ooncopt of
these words as wo would havo thom.
To work, to toll, uhould be the
lot of all who nre physically and
mentally ablo to do ot\ All such,
Bhor.i't contribute un honest day's
work towards tbo social rnquin-
Trcntf of humanity. Aye, cr!tJ liie
employor of labor, "An honest
day's pay for an honest day's
work;" that would he .fair to all
concerned. An "honest" day's pay
for an "honest" .fci.v'.s work, is .Just
as Impossiblo under capitalism as
fair to all." Can there be honest
prostitution? •
What Is Frogre*-:?
lo understand tho economic hash qf nieh concepts, would be a
step nltirj. the road of'progress,
but, a question arises: Whv.t is
meant hy progress? Obviously, it
is vitally necessary, flrHt of all, to
determine the point of- viow from
which to spook; therefore we will
set down tho ideas and theories uf
one who deems psoklcss to be that
state of devolopmeii* by which tho
wolfare of oach and all is best* promoted; keoping oui* mental "eye"
focussed ever upon the Impelling
moth's that compels all iWlvlties
of this capitalistic machliie^vemay
then discover the degree nnd direction ol such progress. CopUa'H'n
has treated countless Incentives for
knowledge, although not from n
desiie to bring npon the human
race a higher and bctioi* oiv'llm*
tlon. r'ucii incentives yto-'t* uivnt-
el btcuuso ol oconou.le noi-cssltv,
nud wlihoul whi'li. uapJailteKl
could nover progress. ,
The must wonderful and beautiful creation upon # this earth, Iff
the human form, and yet has not
mnn   himself abused  ami  debu-'ed
this marvellous  structure?
attitude has capitalism- taken
garding the safeguarding and
turlng of this intricate and
cate mechanism that is man
a question were aaked as to wj
capitalism has done to corrup]
intellect  and   malm  the  bodTj
man, the tongue could.be.lof
in a long harangue, but—sllem
the answer to the former qu<
a silenoe that, proves Its guilt
man turns his eyes aUo'it hlrm^
Througft abuse of the bodyi^_
misuse or lack bf use, and diseaik^i
will come just as a disease will at*.
tack the brain by misususe or laok
bf use; foull.-conpopt^ .Jgnorancft
being Hie disoagp.; The. funotioli
oi the brain ia to reason", and if It
does ni'ot perform ' this function,
then-surely will It become mentally, moi'ally diseased. To eradicate,
to combat this apathy, this disease,
some incentive miist.be/created In
order tb arouse tliis sluggish nenire
tissue, thi:. brain,- to action, Tf*
question arises, .can "tWa Incenthjg
he born under va capital 1st!cr sy|ti;
tem? Emphatically hdi.conies.tlfe
answer, tor therein Ites^ttoe \b\j$
fertilizing Influence tit''this, bralti
lethargy itself., Thus:we hkva A
state wherein tho major portion of
society are mentally, therefore
morally, constipated,   ?
Cnll of tlio. Intellect
Reverberating, across the boundless track of time, goes-up a cry;
a cry that to tho tew. sounds as a
clarion, clear and sti'ong, buf. to
the man}', but the fo|nt murmur bf
a, mysterious force, incomprehensible In Us echo. It is the oafrtrt
the intellect; -it Is* knowledge And
truth beseeching and soeklng a
vent wherein to express itself; it
Is that Inner consciousness of man
that is striving to gctfiJce from
the blanket of darkness that has
for so long enwrapped the human
mind. It -is the voice of freedom,
without which all humane'Incentives will die, and. progress will
never be horn. •■:
The few have to a so'mewhat
greater dagree, asserted their" in'r
herent powers of rensonlng, ah(J
arc -attemptnig to develop that
greatest of all human gifts, the in*
tolled. They are demanding the
right to think, and in thinking tb
develop that minute spark that
separates them from the lower an*
Imals; so that they in the future
may say, we ore no longor a beast
of burden, we are human beings.
We possess Intellect. We are builders. We arc constructive—not destructive.  We are men.
Ihstead of-the young genera^ijn
being taught the lesson of life; Jiow
it perminates nnd flowers into jn^,--
Uirfty; instead--of giving them object lessons among the flora Jijid
fauna, they «ire taught immoral
(rcneepta of'what is termed rigiite-
oiusnesa, of what- Is termed UHl,
and are mentally blinded Lo ri'HM
will create In them the InitialU-f.
to develop thoir own i'nhei'itit
powers of reasoning. They <£&
trained, not educated; they triform tricks, every move of which
acts with a mechanical precision)
much as a piece of mechanism.) .1
To instil into the flowering mind
of tho young, such a concept,,;p'
what is termed/patriotism, which. :h
based upon hatred—race hatred,'is
Indeed evil, ami corrupted pedants
who, In their ignorance, are guilty
of impregnating the young with
sucb a creed, are guilty nf even a
greater* crime. Thoy are guilty of
premeditated wholesale murder.
Such Is the ayl* incentive thai impels the youth of all nations to
take up arms. Having heen taught
this foul concept, they are. easily
convinced aa to their duty, "They
light, they bleed, they die, all for
a false ideal, a myth, that Is terri
Uie in Its enormity.
World Aflame
In spite of all achievements, in
spite of all capitalistic progress,-sb
cie'.y ia based upon a system that
is unsafe, morally, mentally and
The quostion arises: Why in this.:
Greed—nothing more, nothing
The entire world Is aflame with
madness--!money madnwte. Today, every thought, every act has
n .oal Incentive, tho frt.lt of a sordid, Inhuman endeavor. Mankind
think enly In terms of How Much;
two little words that doni'iu^e all
humun principles, creating Jl'vheso
principles a bastard spawn, infl'ut-
ed with thoughts thut could only
emanate from a corrupted bialn.
Jt is owing, to an astigmatic brain
that such concepts of justice and
morality, and such aro tu evidence,
can he bnrn. A child us stfon ns It
Is able to comprehend. Is taught
that it is wrong to sto:'\ oven
though the pangs of hungov were
gnawing   at   Its   vitals.     They   are
taught to be honest, the fundamental concept of what Is termed honesty being asdoclotod with this
thing termed money, it is dishonest not to pay one's debts ihey
are taught, which fact Itsif cultivates and cherishes ofl something
almost sacred the poison out. germ
of money lust, abusing them, as
they attain man's estate to become
avaricious, grasping and evil In
their craving tor this thing, this
money, without possession of,
wliich, apparently they ean not bo
Proflt, the capitalistic god, ail
powerful, supreme In Its fcorruptl-
btllty, Is tho creator of all things,'
all . incentives, capitalistic, The'
present method of production *ls:
the root of ail the universal mis-,
cry nnd tb gradation that exists.
Based upon the exploitation of hu-
ni;iri life, It cannot be otherwise..
All.the reforms In Christendom,
cannot lighten the burden thut.
rests so heavily upon the toller tffl
thc earth. Jteforms ln fact aggravate and promulgate nothing
but falsities, permeating the human mind with hope, never realized, over renewed, which to tho
undeveloped mind of Ignorance,
shines forth jl star of guidance,
leading them on, they know not
whci'c, but towurds a goal that has
a glowing realism, only In their
distorted invagination.
To Inaugurate reforms In a degenerate syKtom, to bolster up senile laws, Is but to drive the-abscess
to nnother part of tho body.
From all hIiIcs can be discovered
thc beckoning hand of Knowledge
—of humnn omnriotpntion, but mun
lias yet his eyes to the ground. Is
the timo yot unripe for man to cast
osido for ever the shackles that
hind him- in economic bondage,?
Doos he not passetfj the di termination horn of knowh-ds", to lift Up
.> eyes  nnd   gui'f   CoaHiWHty   i'U'i
loos institutions, -a we have progressed in tearing down the moi'al
structure of roan; for ara we not
building up these things with, the
prostituted energy mental,. moral
glazing eyes of a dying land physical, of man, woman and
luit; a degenerate code of what ls
rmed law? Dare-he not hurl into
ie sea of oblivion, the sordid de-
res and Infamous mandates that
!e the very breath of life to this
isonous     growth/—the     present
,em of production, that is put-, The babes in arms like the aged
tying, all the noble and manly
^tributes -that   nature   has   1
ueathed him? *
A Question or Profit
Under   capitalism,   it   is  not
Question of right or wrong, of good
;or evil; It is a queatlon of proflt—
"expediency, .
Expediency must rule says Mammon, and I possess the key to lt.
The present economic system gains
vigor and potency from the'fact
that .there is not sufficient Work
for alli.f-whereby they can attain
^the necessaries of life; therefore
th)s fact Would obviously result In
undermining the moral fabric of
all society,"- because of the preying
Upon society of, these undesirables,
the stanrlhg who are but the prey
of the system, and whoare.'byvir-
tue of this Relationship to the social
system a- menace to progress. Yet,
to do awny with this element wbbld
bo bat doing away with capitalism,
for- unemployment ls necessary to
capitalistic progress. Poverty, dire
poverty, being born of unemployment, breeds other diseases, foul
•diseases, all luid at the door of th?
existing system, capitalism, which
itself i- the arch-disease.'
The "Oreat War," which was referred to by some French general,
as a "war of attrition," a title
which could be appropriated as a
befitting one to use in relation to
the long-drawn out struggle between capital and Labor. Is not
the toiler faring every day
treacherous and despicable foe ? Is
he not .striving vigorously to ensure to' himself and dependents a
condition, wherein the sustaining
necessities of life J>e assured him?
Truly _j*;te"striving vigorously, desperately; but It is the desperation
of a rat, a beast, who cornered by a
more' powerful beast, is fighting
for Its life, desperate, Insane and
vile tn lta brutlshncss. Such fs
niiin. tho slave, whose latent manhood is stifled under the blanket
of oppression therefore degradation, that* spells capitalism.
The Clnss War
The class war—a "war of attri-
tion,".-the one lighting for the right
to life's necessities, the other for
tho right to continue tb retain
them. The one fighting for their
right'to be men; tho other fighting
for their right to be capitalists. It
is n war in which every Inw that
gives precedence to private property, every Investment, nre shells
sent hurtling into the bosom of all
tftnt tends to humanize humanity;
Wttltets thnt maim and destroy,
not alone the body, but the moral
iW-tUu'de of all humanity. To edu-
'ciite man, and then to condemn
him to unrequited toll, to grovel
fl tho feet of the arrogant, 4hc
wealthy, and then to to expect his
opinions and actions to hnrmonlne
with sueh a state of society. Is but
fencing a flaming torch to gun-
IHiwrter and expecting it to blend
Who are the Individuals, who,
today attain their* desires and secure to themselves all the material
comforts of life? Having answered this question to suit ourselves,
let us ask another. Who are they,
who, understanding the economic
ba;;'s of capitalism, attempt to promulgate thnt knowledge, tho motive being to direct the stumbling
tread of the clod into a sane.1 method of existence? Are they not
those very personalities who, in
most cases are. the lowest in the
soeial scale? Are they not those
beings who are today looked down
upon ns being rebels, fanatics nnd
evil doors? Pome Idealist may say
that there Is more in life than material gain, ^meaning some Ideal,
The majority who preach Idealism
can afford to do so bcause they
are rich and the majority who(
preach materialism eaa afford to
do so because nhey are poor. Such
Is the concept aroused In man,
even against hia will. To the idealist such phrases as "an Englishman's heme is hl^pastle," appear
as a material reali^. If it indeed
be n cautle, then it ia one whero
th/1 portcullis Is ever lowered,
where thc drawbridge is evet' raised, for the drend enemy is without!
the wolf Is nt the door. "Queen
of the home," such Ss the appellation conferred upon the housewife.
What Irony, whai satire; an empty
title Indeed; n queen over an empty
treasury and whose subjects go em
ply bellied; truly an empty do
Created » Machine
What has modern society created of the toiler? It has crenterl of
him a machine, Btographlcally he
i-i n human being, but aoclUlly he
Is not. They, ln the mad rush of
present day competition, shod thotn
natural status an man or wonnin,
nnd cast about iheniselvea, a rn'in-
tlo of professionalism that lias u
de moi nil zing effect upon all. Thore
is not one b-lnr. he they tollers,
but what their entire life Is dominated by a mnster. Always a muster. Tbey must do, not whnt they
tiwmselvi'B dealre to do, but whnt
their master demands of thom.
They must submerge theh- own
fA-r'sonallty. and surrender iheir
irt.-iiM and opinions, all to thi- Intercuts of, not pbclety as a whole,
but to their tank-masters and over-
jt?ers, who with economic whip m
hand, lushes them on to the only
objective pussibie — degradation;
ever •sugjupaUng .them to an evil
impulse tliat cat;not be anything
but Jerugutory to aocial progress.
The circus clown perforins uro-
trfsque tricks, tho acrobat jump"
through the hoop, and the ring-
n-.nnter cracks his whip. Soclpty
today Is composed of clown:', acro-
btftfl and Tlnsnipstors, and the toiler
is not a ringmaster,
Wo do not assert that the toiler
is a slave; we admit It. IL la an
economic fact thut is irrofulable,
Tho basic law of life decrees Chat
man must ent to live nnd yet dob*
pite this, how far has man progressed under capitalism in the direction of gaining life's necessities?
Is not tho brend and butter problem more ohstlnnto iu Its solution
lhan evor before In history.' Not
becnuse of a shortage In tho neu b-
surles of life, but because of n surplus; truly a ridiculous, hut cuii-
iP-mriHtory situation, In a sell-eon-,,
(.I'limlng system. •
We have programed In building
■Ml junrvellrlifl Ktl'pctui'CS, marre!-
chlld? The youthful tollers are
looked upon by the exploiter, the
atate, merely as an Investment
wherein the par value.Is determined by the amount of remunerative
energy In this male or that female
poor are both liabilities upon the
system's Industrial page, but the
potentialities of these babes are
fhany, whereas the aged, long since
rendered insolvent, are placed upon
tho list of undesirables and are
relegated to that immoral institution, fruit of an Immoral concept
—th)e poorhouse. In animal society, the aged. Just as long as they
are able to secure to themselves
food. Just so long will they exist.
Would it not be a step in the direction of progress capitalistic;- that
is, It society has no better, therefore cheaper, recourse; tb stifle the
aged poor, the starving, and the
weak-minded out of existence, thus
eliminating the "expense" of maintaining Institutions that art termed charitable, and which ln reality
are living hells of physical, mental
and moral torture and degradation
to its inmates.
Cutting Its Own Throat
The -Industrial machine al it
evolves, through the process of
modern invention, ls speeded up,
bringing to the owners of this machine greater profits at less cost
than ever before. Because of this
it has brought a greater volume
of unemployment, which has been
greatly augmented by the invasion
into the induatrlal field of woman
such being vital to capitalistic enterprise. Does lt require a stretch
of the Imagination to seW the outcome of such progress?
The Bystem is cutting its own
throat, but man, refusing to see
this, is shunning its as though lt
be of no account. A day-may arrive, however, when man will be,
to use a Blblital phrase, like unto
the foolish virgin, without oil to
her lamp; fair would he not discover that he possesses not the
guiding light of knowledge, without which, chaos universal will
sweep the earth.
Unemployment Is a problem that
looms ominously in the offing. Economic conditions have decreod it.
Conditions that were pre-deter-
mhied by the capitalist method of
production. Today, politicians and
other demagogues are bewildered
and nonplussed. They know not
how to cope with tbe situation, Un-
empolyment means poverty, and
poverty means .desperation, which
usually terminates In some action
that does not redound to the welfare of any one.
Along the street there comes a
man who is not a man, a wretch
that is not a wretch. Liko^i guilty
one lie looks furtively about him,
just ns though he be a fugitive
fi'om justice. He is one of countless derelicts who, out of work, is
forced to take shelter in the dark
alleys ,and gain nohrlshmcht from
the offal found ln the cities of civilization. He Is a disease, not a
man, a disease that is a menace to
socioty, a disease, that reflects tlie
foulness of the system. A coin is
cast In his direction, a charity,
which, as he clutches tightly, sends
what manhood he has left to him
hurtling still deeper In the mud of
serVillty. Within arm's length of
this outcast is all that means life,
and yot he is forcod to turn aslOe
from it as though It be an unclean
thing—-as though It be an unclean
thing. It is nn unclean thing, for
doe3 it not tempt this unkempt
wretch, "who is made in God's own
Image," to steal that which is but
stolen already?" Could any moral
mind condemn him for stealing?
Nay! rather would they not say,
noble follow, you- have redeemed
at least a little of your manhood
by so doing. Others would cast
upon him abuse—and chains, turning from him in pious egotism,
thus denoting their entire immorality.
What Is An Honest .AJan?
This man called Jesus, what
would he not say? Would ho not
say: The sanda upon the seashore
be many; yes, count them, ye honest ones, ench and overy one, and
If tne re bo but one of thom missing, then flnd thou the thief and
punish him according to his crime,
for crime It btf, no grenter nor less
than he who stealetb bread.
What Is meant by honesty?
What is an honest man?
Tho conventional moralist, with
a proud smile will say: Ono who
pays his debts, or at least ho will
think Jt; whieh proves sonchislve-'
ly the foul and corrupt teachings
of a money ernzed widely. Thus,
the two little words "How Muoh"
obtrudp themsolves once again.
Instead of attempting to creato nn
incentive to ' propagate honesty,
would it not be more expedient to
eradicate tho incentive to dishonesty? It h. trpiy a paradox to expect such a state as individual honesty Jn a society thnt thrives upon
dishonesty. Honesty today, or
rather the concept ol honesty ]k
an insane fanaticism baxv<\ upon s
foul doctrine by a foul incentive.
Can a starving man, honestly
starve? Would It bo dishonest to
steal broad? Is such a code of
law that decreej tho ston ling of
bread to .be dishonest, Itself honest? Capitalistic concepts of honesty leave ln thjpir train, misnomers thnt cast foul conceptions upon
the human mind; thut in their development become -more complex,
ultimately bringing about a; atate
of mental corruptibility that cannot fceip, but mu.r and retard human progress.
The poor 'are proud of their
thrift, the rich are proud of their
extrnvau'anoos. Tho aged rich are
respected, tho aged poor are tolerated. Jt is noble ior the poor to
toll, but it Is degrading for the
titled, the rich to lahor. There
are two codes of morals class morals, one for" the rich, another for
thc poor. The '•dignity of labor"
Is a phrase coined for the express
purpose of formulating a concept
In the mind of this "dignified
slave," that he" is indeed manly
and virtuous. How ludicrous. A
thrifty toiler, as though ho be
thrifty from choice. To desire
good food, warm clothing and a
home that ls conducive to comfort and health, is or should be,
tlie desire of alt. To parade before the public eyes, to be proud
of one's thrift is but to be proud
of one's lack of manhood. Thrift
is an evil that should not be tuler-'
■nted in n Hoclety that can 8U|4ly
all life** necessities, and wherein
the efftrnVRgnneos of tile rich are
The New Method Shoe
and Repairing Ca
'■-.yXj xX.x
Wishes Its Friends and
A Very Happy and Prosperous*
New Year '
«7 OAMtALL STBEET (Jnrt Off BuUagi Stmt)
PHOSEB-F964 •_*tO.AV.O**f..%
Colonel Cecil Grows Valcnt
(Bj- Anlie)
(Staff Writer (or tha  Federated
Colonel Cecil l-Eatrange Malone
—rr Sounds rawther snobbish
And alaay-boy—what?
Not a Ut like ,a member
Ot the .»orruk-ln» clawasei!
And yet—
Thia colonel
Waa arreeted laat month
For spreading sedition
In London town,
He la a member of parliament
And might hare lived
All his life,
Spi-eadlng'sweetness and light
And melodious sounds
His NAME was pronounced.
But Lloyd George sent him
In f fatal moment.
As an envoy to Russia,
And thore he waa stung
By the Bolshevik microbe!
Thus are the most respectable
By the propaganda!
So Colonel Cecil, etc, Malone
Spoko at a moeting
On "Hands Off Russia!"
And the judge said later
That Cecil's being
A member of parliament
Just made thc crime greater
Since his words of sedition
Would have more WEIGHT
Thiiri a common soap-boxer's.
But THAT, of course.
Was the REASON
They asked him to speak!
The stuff th.it he sold
Was really <iuite hot.
"We might llovo to HANG folk!
To lamp-posts," he said,
not only tolerated, but applauded.
Does It exalt one's manhood to reduce to the lowest possible level
the standard of living? Is It Indeed
something to be proud of to show
how meanly one can exist; to devour the, swill of hogs and clothe
oneself in foul rags? Thrift ls bom
of necessity, and poverty or the
fear of It induces such 'virtues" as
thrift. Poverty is a diseased fruit
of capitalistic society. No remedy,
no reform will produce wholesome
fruitage. A tree that yields diseased fruit should be cut down, roof
and  branch.
(Continued noxt week)
"If needed to stop
Thla Mo«Mm4 In Russia»
His Idea trig's kind
Of murdefrrfcHtad-murder
Which ought to appeal
To tho» W«» tatt waged
For he a*M,
Thla Cecil I-Bstnnge Malone
Wltb hla tttJe of Colonel:
Are a (iw Churthllla or CuraonV
Compared wltb tba miseries
We believe ba waa quite
In hla mathematics,
(Which ba probably learned
In Oxford.)
For Chnrdn] plus Curaoa
Than EVEN ont hundred!
But It la not surprising
If thc Chnrchtlla and Capons
Don't add up_ their SguAa
That wayl
Aamtoia Miner Is irifctai J«dgeB
While Barring Sia Months- Sea*
uneft—oorcrnor RWtiaaa Hlw
McRoberts, Ky/—F, Wfcitaker, a 1
member of tbe United Mln* Work,
era of America, waa eleoted Judge
of this "county while serving
montha in jail for   contempt of
court. He defeated Judge Stephn /
Combs, who sentenced Ma to Jail
The successful candidate direct-,
ed his campaign from behind prl-l
son  bars and  waa aupported .tyr|
miners and other unionists.  NVher
he was elected he was pardon*
by Governor Morrow. The new official haa announced that he will
not commission -gun men to act as
deputy sheUffs. *       .
Detroit, Mich.—Detroit hu 100,-
000 tower men employed today
than It had eight months, ago,
Mayor Couaena saya.
3Liplsp aad Beards HO M
Dimensions aai Planking ..12.M
Doers sad Windows
l«-bie» Firmed
Pkoae ■. Van 141
ti. Vsa. IIIL.9U
Machinery unnecessary. Our guaranteed formulas start
you m business.   You can make anything.
and ffon-aleoholle wines ef ill
'  kinds
Ballard's Furniture Store
Fhocs tier S137 •
W« alwayi entry In atock a food
Hflflctian or dining-room, pui-lur, kit-
chen and ballroom furniture, alsu
Ihiolcum and medlnm priced c»vi>et
squarea, ruics, etc. Wa can aava yon
inonojr m we aro out of Ua hlfh runt
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A rellabla Regulating Pill for Women, 95
• box. Sold at all Drug Stoma, or mailed
to any addrcsn on receipt of prioe. Tba
Scobell Drag Od., St. ffltbarlwi, Oatarte.
Guaranteed Coal
If onr coal is not satisfactory to you, after you
havo thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
eoal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
You to bo tbe sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 and MS
K»at»na Via #*\d Vitality; for Kerr* ul
Brain; Jnoraaaea "gray matter;" a Tonic
—•will build you op. #B a box, or two for
15, at drug atcree, or by mail on reeelpt
of price. Tba Scobell Drug Co., ft. Oatb-
arinci, Ontario,
rintnu, mblishubs, atiuo-
Union OUcl.li, mils lor prion.   Ws
Oa sad slut Jss. 1, 1920, ws via bs
tscstst at lies howi at.
ror Tv.it; Tun ws b»i linsl this Bnlon I
, tet ess undsr oss
^ ,   PesMful Coii.cti.e assfslBlai
\ WORKERS UNION/   »WW«s Both Strikes aaa —ekaet,
V.unr,Lnj«muiv     Dl.pnlM Settled bj Arkltrattss
Study Einployuut sad akulid Workrusshls
Prompt Dsllmrles ts Bsalsn sod Publlo
Pesos sod Bn ecu. te Wwur. sod Imp Ispm
Prosperity el Shoe Ksklai Oonmealtlu
As lepsl oolsa aea sod mass, ve ask
»ou to 'doin.od oboes hssrlo* Iks absfa
Onion Stamp on Sals, Insole or I' *
'■.eje stoimer bthekt, hoston, MASS. j
Oollls Lowly, Q.nSTSl Ptuldoot.   Ohtrlu L. Bettw. Oolwsl lea-tress; -BLFTHTEAH.   No. 63     I'tlEi   tSttlUSn   liUmjJBHPl/1  r'HiUBMnAAWiioi.      Vancouver, b. c.
pniDAT gecamfcar-l
Boys' Dept.—Second Floor
Men's Overcoats
$45 Reduced to $24.50
EXCEPTIONAL bargains well worth a man's
while.. Smart, winter weight'overcoats in all
pure wool. Cut with distinctive, swinging lines,
featuring the big turn-up collar with handsomely
wide lapels, broad double seams and deep pockets.
Your choice of young men's, standard and double-
breasted ulster models. In approved colors. Regular $45 Overcoats. Sale price
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
153 Hastings Street West
Canada's Largest Exclusive Store for Hen and Boys
(Continued from Page S)
Ion,   They are usually against
Sr, ftr thetr interests do not ex-
"1 outside the homo country, and
ad. for government ownership,
ftlng for a more economical ad-
rtratton of things.
hs farmera represent another,
..Ugh small, group in the system
(.production, and because theh'
onilc position la different, their
Mlcal  alms  are  also  different.
gaTih'ey are concerned ahout ls
'freight  charges,   government
oredit, transportation tacill-
j;tti igovernment help in flght-
rjrtraaltes, etc. •
._ i htrgest class In capitalism,
£'&ta$M 'of wage earners,' is, des-
"mJt^l'tAte and economic Import-
top That Cold
«   Tou   Contract
ib W. Lee Holder
v    A Teacher of Health
vfnm 1-1; Mon., Wed., Fri,
fnr. SMS , Bay. 4023R.
VWrKeld Building
' GranvUle nnd Fender
ance, politically Inarticulate, as far
as Its class Interests are concerned.
What Httle political Interest It
manifests ls over issues, that can
only benefit their economic mastors. The awakenng is slow, but.
social forces are reslstlessly working to Instil class-conccloousness ln
the mind of the worker. The anarchy and waste of the competitive.
system of production, insulting in
over-production every few years,
with unemployment, disease and
wax In, its'train—all these factors
condemn' the capitalist system to
oblivion. Tile Institution of private
property and of "free competition"
In the means of livelihood, is unable to take care of the needs of
society. The working class will
have to Replace private property
with collective property in order to
collectively enjoy the fruits of their
labor. Therefore, the economic antagonism becomes a political one,
and the goal is" the power of the
state, the power of government,
(which the capltaliats,now control)
In ordei' that the working class interests may be properly served.
—A. C. ln the Proletarian.
(Continued from page 1)
ful only for this present capitalist
system, which lt works, working
to carry it to its own destruction.
Machinery that-carries the product
away from the slave that produced
It to the Blave in some other portion of the globe, whose slaves ln
turn are repeating the same process. A world gone maid, rushing
thc produce around the globe and
rushing It back, and -starving
slaves.watch the whole proceedings
OF TfiE SEASON. ^        ^
Out* Big January
Clearance Sale
Come and Get Your Share of thc Bargains
' Sale Starts Monday
Xoa Don't Need Much Cash—Your
Ii Good Here—Take Advantage of It and Outfit the
Whole Family
Pay a Little Dowm and ft Little Each Week
143 HASTINGS ST. WEST 6ey. 1801
and say,  "How long, good Lord,
how long!"
Sam Guthrie, M. L, A. for Newcastle, will be the speaker on Sunday at the Columbia theatre.
Continues to Increase
(Continued from page 1)
and asked for five and a half days
a week, with assistance to those
unable to obtain employment.
Mr. Miller of the Vancouver
committee, was asked to sec Commissioner Gillespie, but failed to
see him, as he was out, but spoke
to him on the phone, and lie agc^ed
to ' meet the unemployed at the
meeting to be held at 10 a.m. tills
(Friday) morning.
Profiteers Still Busy
One of the most noticeable and
usual events taking place during
this period of unemployment
throughout the country, is the advantage taken of lt by employers
of labor to reduce wages. In many
instances, workers are being laid
oft for the sole purpose of taking
them back at a greatly reduced
wage. The $2.09 a day wage recently offered to postal employees
is now being followed by an offer
of 27% cents an hour to maintenance men on Canada's Profiteering
Railroad—the C. P. R. This Instance, and a whole lot of similar
cases, may be responsible for the.,
fact that 95 per cent, of the men
now applying for relief In the city
of Vancouver1, are Canadians and
Britishers of long residence tn
Canada. This fact can be ascertained by glancing over the books
of tha unemployed committee. The
recent arrivals from Europe are
glad «to accept the Jobs at the—
what appears to them—magnificent wage when compared with
Ein'oppan wages. What the :wage
will buy in food nnd clothing, "Is a
secondary consideration with most
of them during tlie ' first few
The worst part of the situation
Is yet to come, because the winter
is young yet. Those who live
through it might do well at this
juncture, however, to msjte up
their minds that one dollar out of
their fit-t week's pay should go towards taking out a card In the Ono
Big Union, with the object of acting with thelr^ fellow workers In
forcing up wa'ges and conditions
to a stuntiurd of living that is worthy of the exalled position whloh
our rulers claim for Britishers and
producers of the world's wealth.
Legislators in Britain
Get Reckless
(Continued from page 1)
bers of the government, editors of
newspapers and other public critics, as criminals, when by reason
of their position they becomo. the
possessors of Information or documents which the transient government of the day may regard as secret."
And, althought In the latter lt
applies to all such people, everybody knows that It will, lf passed,
be set ln motion only against those
whom the government wish to penalise.
Toronto, Ont. — Co-ope ration
nmong Ontario's farmers is making rapid strides, according to the
annual address of President A. A.
Powers of the United Farmers' Cooperative Co., Ltd., which, shows
that the annual. turnover jumped
from $8,500,000 in 1019 to $19,372,
000 in 1920. The numbor of stores
Increased from four to 28 . with
four others in process of establish'
ment, he told 600 members present.
London. — Agricultural workers
of Sussex attended in large num
bers a meoting held last week at
Crawley. F. E. Green, the prospective labor candidate for the Chichester Division said the land
would never bo properly cultivated
and have the right number of men
employed until the workers had a
voice in the management of the
farms as well as ln the fixing of
The building trades of ' Great
Britain are facing a deduction of
, having been notified ln
Instances of the same by the
yers. The unions havu de-
to oppose it,
Liquidator of Labor Vem*
pie After a Nice
Nest Egg
The applcation by Charles W»
son) K. Ci for the sum of |850«t
as Remuneration for W. T. Stotn;
liquidator of the'; Vancouver Labor
Templet had Its. final hearing before Mr. Justice Macdonald In
chambers on Tuesday.
The liquidator -'made the claim,
through J. S. Jamieson, his solicitor,, and Charles Wilson, K. C,
that he negotiated the sale of the
Labor Temple, and this claim wus
fully supported by #as. H. McVety,
manager of' the Labbr Temple.
Mr. Rubinowitz, counsel for. the
company, opposed this claim, and
produced evidence, consisting of
affidavits to prove that Mr. Thos,
Matthews had negotiated the sale,
and that the liquidator only stepped in to wind up the affairs of
the Labor Temple after all the preliminary arrangements for" the sale
had been made, Amongst theBe
witnesses - were: J. W. Prtscott
and Secretary Major Wolfe Merton
of the school board, and Mr. Thos.
Matthews, as well us V. R. Mldgley, secretary of the company, and
J. G. "Smith and W. H. Cottt'el),
This work, done by Mr. Matthews, said counsel, extended over
several months, and meant the adjusting of many details in a complicated transaction, and was all
done before the liquidator was appointed, but all thiB was entirely
ignored by the solictor for the liquidator and by the liquidator,
when they brought forward.their
ex parte application subsequently
to the appearance of Mr. Rubinowitz, who successfullly prevailed
upon the Judge to allow- him to refute the claims put forward by the
* Counsel said that in view of the
very strong evidence which counsel for the Labor Temple Co. had
produced by witnesses, which flatly contradicted what was said by
the liquidator's counsel, such an
excessive remuneration as $8500
was entirely unwarranted.
It was requested on the liquidator's behalf, that the unsecured
creditors be paid only 50c on the
dollar in order that the liquidator
might be given the sum he claimed.
The judge said that he accepted
the evidence, which showed' that
negotiating, consequently he would
the liquidator had not done all the
fix the remuneration at $1200.
Mr. Rubinowitz suggested to the
court that the full facts had not
been submitted to the court In the
flrfet place, and was only brought
out by his appearance In the court,
therefore the costs of the^Laboc
Temple Co. ln objecting to - the
claim of the liquidator should be
paid personally by the solicitor
acting for the liquidator, or by the
liquidator himself. The judge reserved his decision on the latter
Workers in' Threatening
Is Toppling
Vienna—The strike of 80,000
Civil Service employees threatens
to extend to the police and the postal workers.
Six thousand metal workers walked out of the Vienna locomotive
In one electrical- plant 140 men
took possession, and announced
that they would form a Soviet, and
though the were dispersed, tfte
episode reflets the mood of the
workers. Unrest Is entering a critical stage, and the new Clerical
government is already on the verge
o'f shipwreck.
Tlie metal factories are almost
wholly engaged on Allied orders,
and if the men stop lt may mean
entente Intervention,
I-ater News
Vienna—Wage Increases totalling
more than 600,000,000 crowns a
year have been awarded to the state
railway, postoffice and civ!! service workera by an 'extraordinary
session of the Austrian 6abinet,
thus warding off a strike of 206,000
The Alborta Federation of Labor
holds Its seventh annual convention on January 10.
il H
New Bill Prohibits Strike
Agitation and Also
Railroad   Men   Are   All
Liable to Fines and
(By Laurence Todd; staff correspondent for the Federated1 Press)
Washington.—Shackles were voted upon the wrists of two million
railroad employees and hundreds
of thousands—perhaps millions—of
workers tn harbor, terminal and
water transportation,- . when tfie
senate passed without a record vote
the Poindexter bill prohibiting
strikes and strike agitation In the
railroad and allied Industries. Only
half a dosen senators were present when the bill came up, on/the
calendar, and it was run through
the legislative mill witout a word
of discussion.
The bill makes It a felony, punishable by $10,000 flne or 10 years
Imprisonment, for any person to
attempt to persuade or advise any
employee of an interstate carrier
under the Interstate Commerce act
to quit his employment—whether
the attempt be made by word or
mouth or by printed message or
otherwise—"wtth intent to obstruct,
hinder, delay or prevent the movement of commodities in commerce
wtth foreign nations or among the
several states.".
Section 2 makes lt a felony punishable by $15,000 fine and 15 years
Imprisonment for anyone, with the
same obstructive Intent, to seek by
forco or violence or by "threats or
menace of any kind" to prevent any
person from working "in the production, care, maintenance, or operation of any means or agency"
of such commerce. The committee
report presented by Poindexter explains that this would apply to locomotive works and possible to coal
mines producing coal for railroads'
use, ahd to other Industries maintaining the railroad Industry,
Section 3 makes tt a felony punishable by $10,000 fine and 10 years
imprisonment for anyone, with obstructive Intent, to injure, disable
or destroy any <?4r, bridge, track,
ship or "any other means or agency
of such commerce," or advise or
persuade others to do so.
Section 4 makes It "unlawful"
and punishable by $600 fine and
six months' Imprisonment, for two
or more employees of a common
carrier subject to the wage tribunal of the Federal Act, to "enter
into any combination or agreement
with the Intent substantially to
hinder, restrain, or prevont the operation of trains or other facilities
of transportation for the movement
of commodities or persons In interstate commerce, or . . , substantially to .hinder, restrain or
prevent the operation of trains or
other facilities of transportation"
aa the result qf such understanding
or purpose.
In its report, the senate committee on Interstate commerce says of
the purpose of this bill: "In fact,
the destruction, by any means, of
railroad transportation would lend
to the suffering and death of large
portions of the-population, causing
revolution and necessitating the re-
establishment of our social state
upon a different and Inferior basis."
At the bottom of the measure Is
blandly tacked on a section which
says that "Nothing in this act shall
be taken to deny to any Individual
the right to quit his employment
for any reason."
But If any of the 2,000,000 railroad workers ogreea with any other
railroad worker to quit hts job, as
a means of forcing a living rato
of wages by temporarily "hindering" the operation rf a train, he
may be jailed and fined.
Hon. LaFollette, who was In his
offlce at the time the anti-strike
W. E. Penn's School
Phones: So;. 101—Soy. 3058-O
Social Diincea Monday, Wednesday and Saturday.
Largest Men's Stoi'o in tlio West
Learn About These
Suit Values
Closely examine these suits wtth thc same oon-
.. Helen™ with whieh ws buy them. Mote the
prices. See tho hoiust reductions that have
been made. Pu* such values to any. eomuir)-
son you wish.  The decision reals nith you.
Hundreds of Suits lu our enormous stock are radically refilled
in price—both. Standard and Young Men's Models.
A special value showing—Suits In size. 33 to 87
—of every new fabric and Btyie^itre reduced
, $20.00     $25.00     $30.00
45-4749 Hastings St. East
Established in 1907—Now
One of the Largest
in Vancouver
Cowan & Brookhouse, the well-
known firm of printers and publishers, are no> located in their new
premises, 1129 Howe Street, close
to Davie. For the last seven years,
while In the Labor Temple, their
business has steadily increased until, at the time the' government
bought the Labor Temple for a
technical schuiv, ihey were occupying two stores, one on Dunsmuir
Street and one on Homer, besides
practically the whole of the basement. In their new home, which
Is on Howe Street, with a frontage
of 50 feet, the whole of the printing plant and offices are on one
floor, making one ot the lightest
and best equipped.printing offices
In the city, ond enabling them to
copo with an ever-increasing trado.
Commencing In 1907 wtth a
small plant on Hastings Street
West, by A. A. Brookhouse and tho
late Harr*y Cowan, tne firm has
rapidly advanced- until now they
possess one of the most complete
printing plants tn British Columbia,
Among other publications issued
by, them are The B. C. Federationist, B. C. Veterans Weekly, the Co-
Operator, the Organizer, School
Days, Pen and Ink, etc. The p.
C. Veterans Weekly and The B. C.
Federationist are printed from the
roll on a Web press, being the only
one outside of the daily newspapers ln British. Cdlumhia. With a
pay roll of approximately $1000 a
week, the business pf Cowan &
Brookhouse is Indeed a local industry.
Ainger Dealt With Unemployed Problem at Last
Sunday's Meeting
J. S. Woodsworth will be the
speaker at the F. L, P. Open Forum next Sunday.
Lust Sunday afternoon, the open
Forum met as usual in the F. L.
P. Hall, 148 Cordova street west,
at 3 o'clock.
W. L. Ainger delivered a very
able address on the "Unemployed
Problem," which wes followed by
a spirited discussion. It wus sh nvn
thut the problem was not so much
unemployment but, rather" the lack
of food, clothing, etc., for the
workers, which is the direct cause
of the "world's present troubles.
Cases were cited where hundreds
of men. and women had been idle
practically all thoir lives, as far as
productive work wns concerned,
and who seem to be enjoying themselves exceedingly. 'Their problem, if they have one, Is how to
avoid work rather than otherwise.
It was shown also by the speaker
that this so-called unemployment,
or rather1 the inability to purchase,
ls peculiar to modern Industrialism
or machine production. Strange Is
if not, that millions are hungry
and ragged and homeless, when
our powers of producing food,
clothing and houses, ls fr'om ten
to a hundred -times as great as
when our forefathers lived hi
peace and plenty.
. Millions are today starving In
Europe, and We learn by "the papers that there are 100,000 out of
work In Chicago alone,'nnd evei'y
city bn this continent has Ihis same
problem, which is ' unsolvable
while production for profit prevails.
The decision of the Forum was
that lf the white race fs to survive,
it can only be through the class
which is suffering, the working
llass, seizing tho relnH of political
powei*, controlling the means of
production and producing for use.
Next Sunday at 3 o'clock, Mr. J.
8. Woodsworth will Bpeak, the subject being "The Financial Collapse."
Detroit, Mich.—Brockton, Mass.,
society women are raising funds to
buy shoes for the children of striking shoe workers, Elizabeth Gurley
Flynn, of New York, who recently
toured the New England states in
connection with the Saocq-VanaeUl
case, declared In a speech here.
. Oo-Pnrt nershlp Printing ■
Cardiff printers are forming the
Cardiff Co-partnership Printing Society on similar lines to the societies at work at Birmingham, Bristol, Portsmouth, Plymouth, Swansea and other towns. They are already promised the mnjority of.orders from tho many Labor organizations in the area.
Be sure to notify the post office
ts soon as you change your address,
measure' was slipped through, was
notified, and soon appeared tn his
seat and attempted to secure immediate reconsideration of the vote
by which it had been passed.. Owing to the parliamentary situation,
Sen. France of Maryland, feared to
withdraw the maternity bill even
for a few minutes, to give this motion the right of way, lest the maternity measure become sidetracked for the entire session. So La
Follette could only givo notice of
his intention to force a vote on reconsideration.
Kailroud lobbyists were delighted
with the days' work. Coming so
soon after the election, they took
the compliasant mood of the Old
Ouard senators to Indicate that
"the sky will be the limit" to anti-
labor legislation for the coming two
La Follette. on the other-hand,
expects to mnke the Old Guard reverse Itself and explain thnt the
bill was passed "through mistake."
Fear of La Follette Is greater under a Republican regime than under the Democratic, since he hns
power, to create division in the
ranks of the ruling majority.
The Larecst Exclusive Hen's and Boys' Shoo Store In thej
The Williams
Tor tho man who wgjits a shoe to stand the hardest 1
wear, and keep your feet dry, there is no better shoe to I
Sort,   pliable   uppers   and   solid    leather   soles   and
Regularly sold at J8.00. d>/*l
SPECIAL,    90%
Boys' Hockey Boots        . I.sojj
Men's Hockey BmMs        »B.5o|
Cornett Bros. &Clarl
. WAU -
—From the Australl
New York, — Ludwig Martens
has Issued a statement declaring
the deportation ordor issued against
htm was purely a political move
and is not based on any act of his.
It is, he declared, due to the simple
fact thnt he is thc representative
of the Soviet government.
Ottawa, Ont. — Curtailment of
credit facilities and glutting of the
market are cutting off Canada's export trade with Australia, according to the weekly report to the department of trade and commerce
by D. H. Ross, Canadian trade commissioner in Melbourne.
Merchants of Great Britain Imported toys to the value of $1,-
800,000 from Germany during. August, September and October of
this year. Japan came next jwith
H. Wall
Specialist   ltt   Electrics!   ,
Violot Hay and High Pr[
Rheumatism,  Sciatica,  Lai
..lysis, Hair   and   tJcalp
Chronic Allmvnti.
Fhons' Stymour 21
198 Bastings Strut]
The Building Sold
Bruce is Forced 0i
Everything Sacrificed
Regardless of Cost
There is no camouflage here; the L. R.
Company has bought the property for usej
department store", and Brace's tease is up in
1 Underwear,
At Bedrock
I    _'   . urn
Corner Homer and Hasting Streel
""- !


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