BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Feb 24, 1922

Item Metadata

Download

Media
bcfed-1.0345329.pdf
Metadata
JSON: bcfed-1.0345329.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345329-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345329-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345329-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345329-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345329-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345329-source.json
Full Text
bcfed-1.0345329-fulltext.txt
Citation
bcfed-1.0345329.ris

Full Text

 INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER
Grades
AND LABOR COUNCIL.
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTORY
FOURTEENTH TEAR.  No. 8
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 24, 1922
$2.50 PER YEAR
'irst Convention of
Workers' Party Held
At Toronto a Success
eventy-five Representatives of Rank and File Agree
on Programme and Platform—Nationa" •? ecutive
Is Elected—Greetings Sent to Sovii < iussia
and Working Class Groups in Ei -g )e
■»HE proceedings oi' the first annual conventi! <q I thc Workers' Party of Canada have been written into;' records and
fiave become a part of the history df this count!, .; There have
been many conventions held in the city of Tor j?J), but never
pne more representative of the rank and file, M er one more
businesslike or conducted with less friction. '-■■'*-■
f The sessions opened on Friday, Feb. 17, with a spirited ad-
areas from Delegate J. Kavanagh of Vancouver, who occupied
he chair, and closed with an inspiring address by Secretary
loriarty, who gave a resume of organization work done since
Ithe preliminary convention of Dec. 11, which indicated considerable success in organizational work over a wider territory.
Chairman   Kavanagh's   openingf Winnipeg by nix delegatea wlth"i2
,ddress was 'significant of the
bhanges that have swept into the
winds of workers since the Bus-
Man revolution) and the establsh-
nent of a Workers Republic ln
Russia.
The programme adopted, waa
bnanlmously accepted by thej-on-
jrention and Indicated the coming
(together of the East and West.
The delegatea from the West came
Instructed and imbued with the necessity of an alignment with the
Third Communist International,
(the Red Labor Union International
nd the establishment of- the die-
■tatorship of the proletariat the
feast acqulsced in this, and the pro-
Iductlon of the programme commit-
Ree as the finished work of proletarian scientists Ib before ua.
Labor Unions
The debate on the resolution on
■Labor Unions, was prolonged, the
■resolution being accepted almost
^unanimously by the convention.
The  numerical  Btrength  of the
Idelegations from the Far Weat was
cut down to save expenses, and
theae delegations given additional
votes.
Vancouver was represented by
ftwo   delegates,   with   four   votes,
|London Times Punctures
News of Prince's Tour
of India
By Carl Haessler
(Federated Press Staff Writer)
Chicago.—The     British     presa
Jiropaganda which has been flood-
tig the world with stories and pic-
Urea concerning the supposed
rlumphal progress of the Frince
0f Wales through. India fell down
with a thump when a few real
kheera in a suburb of the town of
Itngra almost dazed the roynl
party and their hard pressed cheer
peadcrs. I       ,
Tlio London Times prints a dispatch dated February, 13, stating
that the reception of the Prince of
Wales in Angra was an agreeable
surprise. "Although the partial
(boycott-strike) was Almost complete and everything closed down,
In the outlying district the bazaars
and shops wero open. A crowd of
8,000 persons were about the station"—in contrast to the air of
dead and deserted cities that has
been the usual Hindu "welcome"
to the prince.
Forgetting the official British
attitude which insists stubbornly
on the success of the prince's tour,
the Times remarks that this unexpected friendly local atmosphere muat not be taken aa Indicating that the condition of the
people in the whole area of the
United Provinces of India, is other
| >than very serious.
In other words, one tiny manifestation  of   genuine   enthusiasm
for the representative   of   British
rule ln India has torn the rags off
the pretense that the   people   of
India are at heart  satisfied   with
their alien government.
The     earlier     London     Times
[propaganda dispatches have been
i widely reprinted in America and
L lo have the pictures.   The recent
dispatch throws suspicion on the
1 entire stream of British.controlled
"news" from India.
^embers of- the S. T. A. S. R,
f members of the Agricultural group
and all interested In immigration
of   productive   groups    to    Soviet
Bussia take notice that all official
p letters from Centra] Bureau 8. T,
T. S. R. will tie published ln the
B. C. Federatlonist from now on,
\ Subscribe to this paper. M. Flrosh*
ko, Secretary of the Branch.
votes.
The Western delegates numbered
16, Ontario was represented by 42
delegates and Quebec by 5.
Other organizations were also
represented with fraternal delegates from the International Association of Machinists, No. 41,
Toronto; International Association
of Machinists, Welland; Lady Garment workers of Toronto; Workers
Educational Association, Niagara
Falls; Amalgamated Clothing
Workers of America, Toronto; a
representative waa also elected as
fraternal delegate by the Guelph
Labor Council. The Rocky Mountain Labor Party was present in
the person of Joseph Stubbs.
Delegate R. B. Russell, delegate
from the O. B. U., Winnipeg, spoke
at length, and Implied that he
sought an endorsation of the O.
B. U. structure, but the resolution
as presented by the committee on
resolutions, waa accepted without
revision.
National Executivo
The national executive committee
elected, is as follows:
John Kavanagh, Vancouver; J,
Macdonald, W. Morlarty, T. Buck,
T. Maguire, A. Brown and Max
Armstrong, Toronto; J. G. Smith,
Vancouver; H. Glllbert, Winnipeg;
Michael Buhay, Montreal; and
Malcolm Bruce, Begina. W. Morlarty wa* elected secretary, and T.
Maguire, assistant secretary.
Greetings were sent to Soviet
Russia, to the Communist Party of
Great Britain, the Workers Party
of America, the Bed Labor Uhlon
International and to the Comintern.
Greetings were also sent to Eugene V. Debs, and lie was urged to
become identified with the Third
Communist International. Resolutions on unemployment, Russian
famine relief, credits and grain
shipments for Russia and a protest
against the execution, under capitalist ordera of Sacco and Vanzettl,
Labor organizers, were alao endorsed.
The convention closed with the
singing of the International
A synopsis of the resolutions
passed, along with the constitution
adopted, will appear ln next week's
issue.
DEMAND. Al
City Council Committee
Refuses  to  Change
Relief System
Representatives of the Workers'
Protective Association, an organisation of unemployed married men
in Vancouver, appeared before the
City Council on Monday, and presented -their views as to the handling of relief.
It wus suggested that cheques or
cash should be given to those needing relief, instead of the present
dole syBtem, whereby groceries are
handed out. It was pointed out
that this would result In a saving
to the city, by the cutting out of all
the staff now needed for this purpose, and at the same time give
business to the store-keepers.
It was also suggested that the
city ahould place the secretary of
the association on the payroll, and
allow him to act as an adjuster In
the handling of relief cases.
The council decided to refer the
matter, to Mr. Ireland, relief officer,
so that he could turn in a report to
the committee on harbors, industry
and employment.
- The committee referred to decided to reject all the proposals, and
the matter Is where It was before
the association presented its demands.
Patronise Fed. advertisers.
Whist Drive and Dance
Under tbe Auspices of the Federated Seafarers of B. 0.
—AT THE!—
Pender Hall, Wed., March 8th
WHIST 1:15 PlM.
DANCING 0 P.M.
For the purpose of raising funds for legal
expenses of twelve men arrested from
S.S. Gaaadian Winner.
GENTS SOe
LADIES 25c
I'I I am i i i i iiiiii_4minii»i>..|_iii|__|l.|iiii_|._|.nml.»n._t..»__|li|.n,|l iitmiiiiiin|.nia +••»»• *"« »■ &•*•*•*•+*»»+••••*<*<• in«.i>-*-----i.».■«■■»■■»■#■■#■ i-nmm|ii|ii|.h..«..|ii|ii|i t miiim umim$ i"t"»
PROGRAMME FOR UNEMPLOYED
ON SUNDAY
ALL arrangements for the Parade and
Demonstration on Sunday next have been
completed.
Permits for the parade and meeting have been
secured, and should the weather be unfavorable
the mass meeting will be held in the Tabernacle,
Main Street
! The arrangements are as follows: The
parade will be formed under the marshals at
Powell Street grounds at 2 p.m. prompt. The
parade will start from the grounds, taking the
following course: Gore Avenue to Hastings
Street, Hastings Street to Cambie Street, Cambie Street to the grounds.
W. H. Cottrell of the Street? and Electric Railwaymen, will act as chairman. The speakers
are as follows:   Alderman R. P. Pettipiece of
the City Council, Rev. Richmond Craig of the
First Presbyterian Church, George Hardy of
the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, Comrade Kirk of the Socialist Party of Canada, Rev.
J. R. Robertson of St. David's Church, J. G.
Smith of the Workers' Party of Canada, R. H.
Neelands, M.L.A., Labor member of the Provincial House; a speaker from the Grand Army
United Veterans, a representative of the Federated Labor Party, and W. Clark of the Canadian National Union of Ex-Service Men.
'.' Mayor Tisdall would have attended and
-spoken, but owing to sickness in the family he
will be unable to be present.
J Should the weather be unfavorable to an open
air meeting, the meeting will be held in the,
Tabernacle, Main Street, and commence at 2:30
p.m. prompt.
10
Ruling Glass Justice Costs
American Workers
Huge Sums
Mooney Case $400,000—
Centralia Case Cost
$60,000
New Tork.—U has cost the
workera of America, within the
last decade, almost 11,000,000 to
defend six cases in which the exploiting interests of the country
sought to hang or to imprison men
and women whom they regarded
as "dangerous" or whose activities
and influence they wished to end.
The last Is given in the February
22 Issue qf the "Nation," which
adds that the money came almost
exclusively from the pockets of
"lean tollers."   The cases are:
The murder trial of Joseph
Ettor, Arturo Glovannlttl and
Joseph Caruso, growing out of the
1912 Lawrence, Mass., strike, in
which the labor leaders were acquitted after a hard-fought battle.
This cost $100,000.
The Mooney case, Which In live
years has cost 1400,000.
The Everett, Wash., trial, following tho shooting affair between
a boatful of 1. W. W.s and tlie
part of the bltteretaoishrdluctaoln*
''defenders of the city" on the
dock, part of tlie bitter war on labor by the lumber interests of the
Northwest). An acquittal wos secured in the flrst case, and the
charges against the 66 other defendants were dropped. This cost
$37,000.
The Chicago case against the Industrial Workers , of the World
(William D. Haywood, et al.),
which gave the bombastic Judge
Landis a -setting for his Impressive Imposition of sentences ranging from one to twenty years. This
cost. $225,000.
The Centralla, Wash., case,
which cost $60,000.
The Sacco-Vanzettl case, which
so fnr has cost $60,000.
Tho article, written by Eugene
Lyons, goes on to say that dimes,
quarters and single dollars went tfl
build these groat sums, but adds
the significant fact that the Amalgamated Clothing Workors of
America have givon, in scattered
instalments, about $5000, ami the
locals of the United Mine Workers
of America, despite their own
troubles In Kansas and West Virginia, about $10,000.
fiance Saturday.
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night In the Pender Hall,
comer of Pender and Howe Streets.
Good music, a flne floor ahd every
accommodation.   Admission, gents
Sydney, N, S. Wales.—Unlike
seamen In other parts of the world,
the Australian seamen are still
able to secure Increases In wages.
From January 1, an increase of
$6,40 per month was made to all
ratings on Australian steamers.
The new rates are: Greasers nnd
firemen, $85.60 per month; lamp-
trimmers and boatswains, $10.80;
able seamen and trimmers, $76;
ordinary seamen (18 year* and
over), $68.20; ordinary namen
(under 18 years), $47.20,
Seattle.—A new non-denominational church, to be known as The
American Church, Is being formed
here with Dr, Sydney Strong,
Tather of Anna Louise Strong, as
pastor. Among the eight points of
its "creed" are the cooperative
commonwealth, the practice of racial equality, the full exercise of
civil liberty, the Immediate abolition of war and the method of nonviolence, with love of enemies.
Try your neighbor for a subscrlp.
'lon.
Help the Fed. by helping our
advertisers,
UST
IN
Arrest of Gandhi May Set
Revolutionary Forces
to Work
New' Tork.—The order of the(
British government for the arrest
of Mahatma Gandhi, is Great Britain's "last card," says a statement
to, The Federated Press by Dr.
Mulcerjl, of the Friends of Freedom for India. Dr. Mukerjl declared that if the followers of
Gandhi can maintain their nonviolent non-cooperation, Great-!
Britain, in order to retain any semblance of prestige in India, must
arrest million's of men, women and
ohlldren.
"On the other hand," he said,
"If Gandhi's foliowVfs become inactive as a result of their leader's
arrest, then the1 Independence
Party In India, which believes in
striving for Independence by all
possible means—and which bo far
has been keeping In the background to give the Gandhi plan an
opportunity—will come. Into immediate prominence and take to
active warfare.
"If the information we have
been receiving for the last several
months from India proves to be
correct, and should the Independence Party begin an actual warfare, thts warfare will surpass any
other revolutionary conflict in history, for the revolutionists have
been gradually gaining strength,!
until they have more potential
power than the world has any Idea
of."
ft. SIT FOR
IN
(By The Federated Press)
Moscow.—The Russian women')
have sent out on invitation to all'
the women of the world who work
in home or factory or field to Join
In the celebration of March 8th,
International Women's Labor Day.
This holiday for women was first
set aside by the Socialist conference at Copenhagen In 1910. It
was made memorable by the fact
that on March 8th of the European calendar, February 23rd of
the old Russian calendar, the hungry wives and mothors and women
factory workers of Petrograd left
the kueues before the empty bread
shops and lit the torch of the
Russian Revolution. In Russia the
holiday ls taking Its place as a
great sister holiday to the flrst of
May,
EVERT READER CAN HELP
Every reader of The Federatlonist can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as they are due, and
aiid by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It does not tnke much
effort to do this.   Try it.
Technical   Aid    Society
Makes Arrangements
for Agriculturists
■ The Vancouver branch of the
Society for Technical Aid to Soviet
Russia has formed an agricultural
group to start for Soviet Russia in
very beginning of month of May.
Those with agricultural experience wishing to join this group
may do so Immediately. Each
member has to pay his own transportation. All those sympathisers
of i Soviet Russia unable to go to
take active. .part In reconstruction
of 'the' flrst Workers' Republic are
called upon to contribute to the
faijfa* to equip this group with In-.
strunients and machinery. Helping' tjiis group you help Soviet
Russia. Translate your sympathy
into deeds*
Tor particulars apply to M. Piro-
sJiko ' and F, Allan, 771 Prior
Strteet, Vancouver, B..C.
The Soviet Russia borders will
remain closed tight to general immigration at the san_e time opened
wide for the organized workers,
Who are ready to put their know-;
ledge and skill to the reconstruc- j
tion of. the country's economic life.
The shock battalions of the engineers, skilled mechanics, electricians, miners, builders,, timber workers, railway workers, agricultural
workers and trained men in all
branches of industry will be sent
to Soyiet Russia as soon as they
are organized and ready to go to
Uke part in the building up and
introduction of modern methods of
agricultural and machine farming
and, other industries ln Soviet
Russia.
E
II
Red International Is Explained to Newly Affiliated Union *
tendon.—Fred Bramley, assist'
anti secretary of the Trades tJnlon
Cdigress General Council, recently,
took part In a meeting with
number, of bishops and bu si ners
meji. | A reverend gentleman asked
Bramley why trade unionists were
BUbJect to "ne.rsecutlon," and why
a man should not be allowed to
learn several trades and Join several unions, so that when one industry was slack he could flnd
work ln another.
'Tea," said Bramley, "Just imagine, a trade union like the British
Medical Association, or the Law
Society, or the Benchers of the
Temple, or even the Church's own
industry' taking that view."
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
The greatest assistance that tho
readers of The Federation 1st can
render ns at this time, Is hy securing a new subscriber. By doing no,
you spread the news of the working class movement and- assist ns
Will Hold a Meeting in
THE PENDER HALL
-ON--
Sunday|Night
At 8 p-m.—Door* Open 7:30
Speaker: A.S.WELLS
Questions
Discussion
Collection
Unity, Not Disruption, Is
Aim,  Declares  Late.
I.W.W. Secretary
There was a large attendance at
the meeting held under tha nut-
pices of the i-umherworkers Industrial Union of Canada In the
Pender Hair last Monday to hear
Qeorge Hardy speak on the Red
International of Labor Unions.
W. Cowan acted as chairman,
and ln opening the meeting stated
that the Lumberworkers had recently decided to affiliate with the
Red International, and that Comrade Hardy had taken part in the
preliminary conferences of that
organisation, so the opportunity
of learning more about the organisation had been taken advantage
of.
Comrade Hardy ln opening,
stated that he was pleased to have
the opportunity of addressing a
Vancouver audience and clearing
up some misunderstandings which
prevailed as to the Red International.
Dealing with the growth of the
labor movement, he pointed out
that as capitalism developed, so a
corresponding degree of tntclcctu-
a] development took place among
the workers. The craft unions,
which were logical in the days
when they were formed, developed
and advanced. But as the tools of
produetion became larger and concentrated capital controlled them,
there were rumblings of discontent among the workers and tho
desire for industrial organisation
was expressed. *
The speaker pointed out that
ench succeeding organisation had
pointed backwards and as the craft
unionist looked upon the Individual worker who made his own
agreement with his employer as a
scab, so the industrial unionist
looked upon the craft organisations when they negotiated with
thc employer as crafts.
A Social Age
Pointing out that we live In a
social age where the nature of
society makts all the world interdependent and so complex that ono
country could not operate without
another, and that even the retreat
of Soviet Russia was due to this
fact, he showed the necessity for
International organisation of the
workers.
Social production was the next
dealt with to prove the social nature of capitalistic society, and a
cup of coffee was taken as an example, the speaker pointing out
that Iron ore was mined in the
United States, from this ore steel
was made and turned into plates
for ships which were built In Ja-
jfan ahd when completed manned
by Chinese crews carry coffee from
southern America to the workers
of Canada.
He next pointed to the failure of
the Second International at tho
outbreak of the great war, when
thc various national leaders urged
tho support of their respective nil-1
ing classes In their war alms.
When the war ended, he stated,
the same International was revived, and with J. H. Thomas, that
arch traitor of the British Labor
movement at Its head, and associated with him Longuet of Frnnce
and other social traitors. But as
a result of the failure of the second International, the Third International was formed.
Pointing out thut the Third International did not All all tho
needs, ho stated that the economic or industrial side of the working class movement had to be taken care of and for this purpose thc
Red International of Labor Unions
(Continued on page 4)
George Hardy Points
To Needs of Volga
Famine Sufferers
Draws Vivid Picture of Need for Food and the Effect
of Destruction of Counter-Revolutionary Forces-
Explains Reason for Economic Retreat ,
of Soviet Regime
AN overflowing .vowd thronged the,Columbia Theatre on
Sunday evening to hear Oeo. Hardy, of I. W. W. fame, on
"Why American Workers Should Aid Russia." At 9 o'clock,
though there was still no sign of Hardy's appearance, they responded to a vigorous appeal by A S. Wells, and dug up $171.25
for the good cause. Hardy arrived just afterwards and explained that, travelling by auto from Beilingham, he had to stop
more than once to push the car through the mud.
R. Higgins, of the Lumber Workers, opened the meeting as
chairman, apologizing for himself as a "bald-headed and barefaced scoundrel," not equipped with the long hair and whiskers
which the occasion demanded. He noted that the Russian revolution of 1917 had found the In-fany attempt to   bring-  about   a
td.Hn-_i.-_,--.      __~W___. -.-     _..*_. ■      -
telligeiisia unprepared to' take up
the work, for which they said the
time was not yet ripe; but the
masses of the people had been able
to operate for four and a half,
years and were still able to carry
~-_.
There had been many set-backs,
and would undoubtedly be more.
There might be compromises and
some things, in the period of transition, which would not be to the
liking of all radicals. That was
due to the unwillingness of the
workers to throw off the capitalist
yoke in other countries. Few
thought the Russian people would
have been able to carry on as thej
had.
Comrade Wells declared himself
about the most disappointed man
In the crowd, at Hardy's nonappearance. While not unmindful
of the possibility of the delay being due to the state of the roads,
he was also mindful of the possibility of Hardy having been detained at the boundary by the authorities because hiB Ideas did not
fall in with theirs. In that case it
was hinted that there would be
something due in the way of a protest from coast to coast. (Applause.)
The Russian people had been
the first to break away from the
domination of the ruling class.
That was their only crime. All
over the North American continent
the workera—with their uaual sympathy, unparalleled la human to*
clsty—had raised sums for Rusaia;
but the ruling class saw in the
starving men and women of that
country, a chance to destroy the
first working-class republic the
world had seen.
Thanks to Bolsheviki
If the' Allies won the war, as
claimed, lt was thanks to the Bolsheviki, who carried on propaganda in the German ' army and
broke down its morale. (Applause.) Russia had lost more
men in the war thnn any other
two countries; .yet every power had
since been used against Soviet
Russia. When the International
ruling class was face to face with
the proletariat, their only object
and determination was   to    crush
FOR IH RENTS
Citizens'   Committee   of
Chicago Find Another
Labor Fault
(By The Fedornted Prej^s)
Chicago,—The building trades
unions arc blamed for Chicugo's
high rents In the latest two column
editorial-advertisement Inserted In
the metropolitan papers by the so-
called Citizens' Committee to Enforce the Landis Award. More
building on "open shop", terms
would lower rents, the committee
holds. The committee cites federal
statistics to show that rents have
increased 33.1 per cent since the
highest point of hl'O, while clothing decreased 38.94 per cent, since
that time; food decreased 31.23 per
cent; fuel 8.94 per cent; furniture
24,66 per cent.
That thc committee is driven to
extreme statements In lis efforts to
smash the unions is due to the fact
that when many of the unions unexpectedly voted through their
delegates to accept the Landis
award governing wages and working conditions, the committeo refused to accept thc union vote on
tho ground that it was "insincere."
Recent figures show that thc
price of the lumber alone that goes
into a frame building ls higher!
than the entire cost of such a
building before the war. Union
wages do not affect the price of
lumber appreciably.
change in human society,
. There was no solution to the
world's unemployment problem except a complete chants ln the form
of society. But there was a chance
of relief, by unrestricted (rade.
with Soviet Russia. Russia needed
thlnga and was willing to pay for
them. .Under the Cxar's regime,
she was not developed industrially,
like the other countries. Jumping
at once from the feudal stage, she
was now hampered In developing
Ker industrial resources. The dictum of a morning paper, that
Russia should be helped when she
had helped herself, the speaker
compared to a proposal to leave a
baby to starve; the man who
penned it knew nothing of Indus*
trial development and expressed a
sentiment not worthy of any man
who had red blood In him.
Why was this theatre packed to
the roof to hear Hardy speak on
Russia? Because, ln 1117, the
Russian workors started to do
things for themselvea Tha workers here had been told of the necessity of a ohange In society, but
were not interested ln theorising;
they knew that In Soviet Russia
something had been done. As to
(Continued on page I)
NEW PAPER
Auxiliary of U. & Workers' Party Caters to
Young Folks
New Tork—Youth ls the name
of a new monthly publication, the
flrst—February—issue of whtch Is
just out, dedicated to "The Militant
Young Workers pf America," and
published by the Young Workers'
League of New York, an auxiliary
of the recently-formed Workers*
Party of America, with headquarters at 208 East Twelfth Street,
New York City.
The Initial issue Is a 16-page
magazine, well-printed on good
paper and containing editorials and
articles on current affairs In the
revolutionary movement both in
America and abroad. The foreword Ruys:
Youth is the product of youth,
and as such combines within Itself
thc faults find the merits which
belong to the young. It is written
and edited by young workers, who
arc too busy in the fight for the
abolition of capitalism to become
masters of rhetoric, English or
Journalism. Its express purpose is
to give voice to the rebel youth of
America, to allow the young to
make themselves heard, both by
the young workers In other parts
of this country, and also by tho
adults. It desires to become the
medium through which the revolutionary proletarian youth will he
able to discuss all matters that nre
of vital concern to thom.
Tt Is the magazine's desire, one of
the editorials says, that everyone
"Interested in developing a powerful and militant young wnrkers organization In this country send in
articles or suggestions as to the
proper methods of reaching tho
young."
Danco Saturday.
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night in the Pender Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe Streets.
Oood music, a flne floor and every
accommodation. Admission, gents
60c, fadles 26c.
EVERY READER CAN HELP
Every reader of The Fodern-
Unnlst can render valuable assistance by renewing tlieir subscriptions as soon as they are due, and
and by Inducing another worker lo
subscribe, lt doc* not take much
effort to do this.   Try It.
f "li *■•* 4"l
Hard Times Concert
and Dance
Under tlie Auspices of the Women's Auxiliary of  tlie  South
Vancouver Protective Association
Saturday, March 4th
» to 11 p.m.
In the JOHN OLIVER HIGH SCHOOL
In Aid of the B.C. Federationst
ADMISSION 26 CENTS
»**».>--«._|__|—-lit..**
mini hm i stef*e+**m*eie*m <_)mfa PAGE TWO
fourteenth YEAH, no. 8   THE BRITISH cpUljMBIA FEDERATIONIST vANcorvro. a c
FRIDAT ..February IJ, lit 2j
THE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by The B. C.
Federationist, Limited
A. S. WELLS. ■- Manager
Offlce:    Room 1, Victoria Block, 342 Pender
Street West
Telephone Seymour 5871
Subscription Rates: United States and Foreign.
$3.00 per year: Canada, f_.f»0 per year, 41.50
(or six months; to Unions subscribins In A
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of Labor:   The Hope of the World
FRIDAY February 24,  1922
EVERY organized worker, every jobless slave, should take part in the
unemployment demanstration to be held
on Sunday. Not because the demonstration will solve the unemployed problem,
but, beeause of the ne-
A ccssity of bringing  to
MEASURE the attention of thc un-
OF BELIEF        thinking the fact that
unemployment exists in
this country. Many organizations will be
represented. There will bc a number of
speakers representing the various organizations, not all of which arc working-
class organizations, but their views should
be of interest to those most interested.
They should be analyzed and their value
estimated by those who aro suffering
from the results of the present system.
» » *
Speeches, however, will not aid the unemployed. There must be some action,
and the question as to what action should
be taken is thc business of the unemployed workers, and if they only realized
it, the concern of the men and women who
are at this time employed, for as the unemployed army grows the position of the
employed is weakened. The greater the
army of unemployed the easier it is for
the employing class to lower the standard
of living, and the more the unemployed
can secure in the shape of relief, the better the position of the employed will be.
* * *
Relief can be secured in two ways: By
compelling the ruling elass to increase the
amount of thc doles being handed out,
or by securing a market for the products
of this country, whioh arc largely agri-
cultural products. The first can only be
secured by intensive organization and
strong pressure. The latter by pressure
on the government and a widespread
campaign of educational propaganda as
to where the market for agricultural products exists.
* * *
The United States Congress has voted
twenty million dollars for the purchase of
cereals for Soviet Eussian relief. Immediately after this was done the price of
wheat advanced. This shows that there
is more wheat and other cereals in the
United States than there is market for,
and that the vote of Cangrcss made a
market possible. Surely there is something in this fact that could be taken
note of by not only the industrial workers of Canada, but by the farmers.
Sf Sf So
Unemployment is rampant in Canada.
Bussia needs wheat and other cereals, and
is willing to pay for it. But even if she
were not, common humanitarian impulses
demand that her starving millions should
be fed, even if the government has to do
as was done by the United States Congress.
* « »
The Canadian farmers need the products of the cities. They cannot get
them because they cannot sell their wheat.
The Russian people need the products of
the cities in the shape of agricultural machinery. They cannot get them because
trade is restricted.
».'•■•
The sending of grain to Russia, for
which the Canadian farmers would receive payment, would start industrial
operations in the production of farm machinery. The sending of farm machinery
to Russia along with providing for the
needs of the farmers of Canada would aid
in the present unemployed situation, *y
stimulating industries iu Canada.
**• * *
While trade with Russia would not
abolish capitalism, the cause of unemployment, it would aid the workers here
and at the same time help to save the
Russian people.
HEROIC
MEASURES
ARE SEEDED
A STUDY of the capitalistic press from
day to day shows that in every land,
misery, disease and nee prevail; in faet,
the daily press carries a condemnation of
the present system in every column, if
only the workers could
read between the lines
and realize tho cause,
of all the so-called
depravity of human
Unlike our social reformers, we
are not of the opinion that human nature
needs renovating, but realize that the
system of society under which we live,
being based on human slavery and the
proflt system, breeds crime and is the
cause of all the violations, not only of tho
laws of man, but of the laws of nature,
which cannot be curbed or restricted by
man-made decrees, and must work out to
their logical conclusion.
«        «        *
Confirmation of this viewpoint is contained in an editorial in a local news-
paper dealing with the drug traffic,
which, referring to the efforts being made
to curtail this evil of capitalism and the
power of thc drug ring, says; "The latter is well organized and the profits from
the illicit trade arc so enormous that
nothing short of heroic measures will be
effective."
* * *
While recognizing that profits arc the
only reason for peoplo engaging in this
traffic, we must of necessity, if we understand the present social system, realizo
that all trade, bc it illicit or legal from a
capitalistic standpoint, is based on profits.
Not only is profit the basis of all trade,
but it is thc be all and end all of the
present method of production. In fact,
when profits cannot be made, production
cither ceases or is curtailed to such an
extent that millions -of wealth producers
are denied acces to the means of life.
* *   '     »
While capitalist moralists deprecate
thc evils of society, which arc a product
of the present system, and arc horrified at the degradation of drug addicts
and the loss of life which follows the
use of drags; deplore thc faet that many
people in their desperation seek alleviation of their .sufferings by ending thcir
lives, or, ignoring the sacred rights of
property, become burglars, these same
smug hypoerits have no compunction in
urging their fellows to go to war or engage iu a blockade of another country,
and by that means destroy millions of
lives.
* » *
When thc inhuman blockade of Russia,
by the Allies, is considered alongside of
the drug traffic in Canada, and we realize
the tears that are being shed over the
drug addicts, we can only wonder where
thc humanitarian sympathies so freely
expressed at this time in local circles
were when the Russian people were
suffering from the lack of medical and
food supplies, We can only wonder, how
that inhuman blockade, could bc not only
supported but praised as a humanitarian
act by the capitalistic press. We are
also compelled to think of the unparalleled suffering which is now the lot
of thc Russian famine sufferers, which, to
a large extent, is thc result of that blockade and the counter revolutions aided
and fostered by those great 'Christian
nations" which now bewail the fact thiit
their own people are acting contrary to
thc laws of their ruling classes, snd seek,
by any and every means, to escape f-om
the misery which capitalism has placed
them in,
* « •
Capitalistic morals are based on the
material interests of tho rulh.g class, and
only when examined from that viewpoint
can they be understood. The drug
traffic .is reaching into the homes of the
ruling class. It is acting to the detriment
of the members of that class, who are debauched by luxury and all the evils of
which the capitalist system has heaped
on the idle and parasitic elements of society. Workers come under its influence,
because of the misery, in which the present system has placed them. But the
sufferings of millions in Soviet Russia arc
as nothing in tho eyes of the present international capitalistic class when the
interests of that class are threatened.
That is another aspect. The morals are
all on thc side of those who make thc
moral codes, and they are not members of
the working class.
» * •
No worker can view with equanimity
the evils of the drug traffic. No member
of the working class can ignore the
sufferings of the members of that elass,
because capitalism decrees that when profits cannot be made for a master class, industry must close down and the wealth
producers starve to death, take to violating the laws of the land, drugs or
suicide. But while all of these evils arc so
manifest, and the workere see the suffering of the members of the producing
elass, see thc suffering of the millions of
people in Russia because of the machinations of thc capitalistic nations, they can
be worked into a frenzy over a local situation. They will fall for the "stop the
drug traffic" cry, and join the Anti-
Asiatic leagues, but they will not see that
all of the evils of modern society
arc the result of the present system of
production, which creates great riches for
thc few and untold misery for the many.
They ignore the substance for the shadow,
and fail to adopt those "HEROIC
MEASURES", wliich would eliminate
the profit system, the drug traffic, unemployment and all the other ills wliich tho
present system of wage slavery produces.
HEROIC MEASURES ARE NEEDED,
but not to destroy, tho drug traffic, but
its cause, the present system of society.
ment is still convalescing after
the wounds received by it dur-
are fitted for playgrounds until they: are
dead, and that Great Brituin hasUjima
and that they are very deep-seatelqfWi
will accept his Excellency's word. In fact
we know that he was speaking the truth,
and that not only in Canada, but in every
part of the British Empire, poverty can be
found.   In fact it was on human slavery,
,  ., _        _ __ _t    _,T-1      idf        **"* -*****"*"* iei.u'.eu us tt uui-
and the poverty of thc masses, thaPeVer j*1] Ing the great war.   We are not re.
empire that has ever existed, has. been
founded. t .
* to if
While recognizing that Great Britain's
slums are deep-seated; have thcir origin in
thc present system of society, we must also
recognize that slums are the inevitable
outcome of capitalism. Slums do not
grow out of the indifference of the people,
but out of economic conditions. His Excellency the Governor General may have
had twinges of conscienco at what he saw
in Montreal, and that he felt hurt by what
he saw is to his credit, for many property
owners in that city are reaping profits out
of those very slums, and possibly they.do
not like his Excellency's references to
them, but the fact remains that they arc
the outcome of deep-seated human slavery,
and economic conditions whieh that slavery entails and make inevitable.
* »        *
Riches and poverty, slums and palaces
are thc outcome of human slavery. They
represent the achievements of modern society. They represent the results of all
human endeavor. They are the outcome
of the efforts of the human race to reach
that point where the means of wealth production are of such a nature that they are
all sufficient to fill the every want of .the
human family. They are the outcome of
the private ownership of the means of
wealth production. They represent the
two extremes of society whioh are the product of the present system of society.
Wealth and poverty, pleasure and misery,
are as logical under capitalism as heat and
cold are in their respective seasons.
« « *
But are slums necessary. Is poverty
compatible with the interests of the'human family, Are riches essential to the
welfare of humanity, and to each of these
questions we must answer no. They are
only necessary because the means of
wealth production are in the hands of a
parasite class; because access to the means
of life is denied to tho wealth producers.
Great Britain has slums. Yet the working
people of the British Isles have produced
greater wealth than the workers of any
other nation. Canada is a new country,
but its institutions and the methods of
production are as deep-seated as are the
slums of Great Britain, and" the system
which produces the slums for the workers
and the wealth which is the lot of the non-
producers.
* * •
Capitalism is based on the exploitation
of the working class. That class produces
all the wealth of the world. It produces
the palaces of the wealthy, and all that is
necessary to maintain a ruling class, in-
eluding the forces which keep the slave
class in subjection. The workers maintain
the forces of government. In'fact, the
workers govern themselves for the benefit
of their masters, and at the same time
create the slums in whioh they themselves
live. Not a wheel of industry is turned
without the assistance of the working
class. The workers have made it possible
to produce enough to supply all the needs
of human society, but they do not own
that which they use in the production of
the necessities of life, or the wealth which
their efforts have created. They are propertyiess, and beeause of that fact, they
aro compelled to live in slums, their children do not reach the playgrounds until
death claims them. They do not live, because they have not thc command over
the moans, of life. This is the reason we
have-slums at one end of .the social scale,
and palaces at the other, and some children are never called to work, while others
never reach the playgrounds.
The Fundamental Tasks of the
International Trade Unkn Movement
T
HE international Labor move-f heavy guns for the Social Revolu-
V
The settlement of the Irish question,
appears to be one, which when achieved,
is still unsolved.
ORD BYNG, Governor General of
Canada, has asked an awkward question. He wants to know why should we
have slums in Canada. At -least, so we
were told during the week, by, the headlines in a local paper. Wc
WHY WE were also informed that
HAVE his conscienco had three
SLUMS short   twinges   while   in
Montreal. Now, Lord
Byng is not a Socialist, or a Bolsheviki.
He is a representative of the ruling class.
His path has bcen ono which has not been
beset by unemployment or poverty caused
by that particular phenomena of capitalistic society. But he has bcen compelled to
make disparaging remarks about onc of
the greatest cities in Canada—of course,
that is, outside of Vancouver. He has also
admitted that there aro slums in the Old
Country, and as he is a Britisher, not a
British subject, but a full-fledged Britisher, we suppose that he referred to the
British Isles.
It appears that Montreal has a beautiful
cemetery, and the Governor General regrets that the children do not go to, what
he described as a lovely playground, until
they sre dead.  He is quoted as saying:
"You have a most glorious playground for the childron up the hill,
but you don't take them there till they
are dead.  Then you take them up to
tho most lovely cemetery I havo ever
seen.   All that ground—that lovely
playground—is a cemetery. I am not
quite certain that some children of
the murky atmosphere between St.
Catherine Street and the river don't
somehow look up from that murky
atmosphere at rather a happy Utopia,
and they know they won't go thero
till they are dead."
tt        a        tt
We would not for a moment attempt to
dispute tho wo.rd of His Majesty's representative in this country. Wo could not
think of disputing the fact that childron
in Canada do not reach the nlacm whieh
A retired policeman is reported to have
left $250,000. We do not know where he
got it, but it is certain he did not save
it out of his wages.
A press dispatch dealing with the
Princo of Wales' visit to Delhi, says:
"Tho police and military were powerless
to prevent the crowds attending." After
the lack of enthusiasm of the peoplo of
India wc should think that the police and
military wero tickled to death that a
crowd turned out at all.
Lord Leverhulme suggests that .the
capitalist is a germ growth. If medical
men arc correct, so is the flu; both| however, destroy human life, and for thit
reason should be exterminated. The
best way to exterminate a capitalist js to
sot him to work. This is a job for the
workers; to reform a parasite and make
a useful being out of it is worthy of the
best efforts.
While the workers of Great Britain
are suffering from unemployment and all
the evils of capitalism, and the results of
their efforts to win a war for democracy,
it must be comforting to them to know
that somo people are paying $75 for the
privilege of seeing tho wedding procession
of PrincesB Mary. Many Canadian workers, who have reached the last hole in their
belts, will no doubt be pleased to know
that everything is being done to make the
wedding of one of our Princesses a function befitting the greatness of the Empire
to whieh we belong. There is nothing like
keeping up thc dignity of the empire, even
if there is little of it to maintain. It is at
least comforting to know that at least one
person in that Empiro will be married with
all due pomp and ceremony, even though
there are millions on the verge of starvation, and thousands cannot get married
because of thc economio conditions which
provaiL
/erring to the physical or mental
Bosses but to the moral disintegration   characteristic   of  the   Labor
movement during the war. National    limitations,    love     for     one's
'fatherland,   hopes    of    improving
their conditions by   winning   new
markets for their national capitalists,  support of   the   war   policy,
class  co-operaion  these  were  the
characteristic features of the Labor movement of the largest countries.   The war could last for four
years only because at the foundation of the war policy of all countrios stood the trade unions, whose
leaders restrained  the  masses by
promises of great   reforms   when
the war had been won. and, at the
same time, got the   capitalists   to
make voluntary concessions to foil
revolutionary mass movements. In,
this way the needs of the trade
unions, created for the purpose of
self-defence against capitalist exploitation, merged   their  interests
with those ot their foe.   This connection between the unions and the
capitalist governments came out In
bold relief in the .post-war period
when the workers, freed from the
patriotic spell gave  full  vent  to
their   whole-hearted    hatred    of
their oppressors.    Just   then   the
trade unions entered the scene aa
the saviors of the tottering capitalist system.   In Germany, after
the   November    Revolution,    the
trade unions saved the .day for the
bourgeoisie,   This was openly admitted by the leaders of the employers'   organizations   who   paid
due tribute to the unions for "saving the state from anarchy."   The
unions played   the   same  ignoble
part in the countries of the Entente.   Immediately after the war
the trade unions of all countries
took a hand ln framing some of
the clauses of the Versailles Peaco
Treaty; they   extended   the   holy
union with the   bourgeoisie  until
they formed an integral part of the
capitalist state and the League of
Nations.     ThuB the circle of the
war  development   of   the   trade
unions waa completed.    They became the formal  organs   of  the
bourgeois stato,  the   bulwark   of
capitalism.
Not International
. The International movement has
not yet become International in the
real sense of the word. Even before the war there was only a
mechanical external connection, a
collection of national organizations not united by similarity of
views; of tactics or by the same
spirit of the class struggle. National Interests dominated the Congresses. They were more holiday
celebrations, while the unton
week-days were confined to strictly national limits. The struggle
rarely passed beyond the border
posts. If before the war the trade
union movement was, at least, formally, International, during the
war this internationalism wore off
entirely, and only among the few
revolutionary groups and organisations which from the very beginning raised the banner of revolt
against the asphyxiating gasses of
the war hysteria, was there a spark
still burning. The development of
the war activity, Its long duration,
the growing impoverishment of the
masses all helped to increase disaffection among the workers, and
with the growth of unrest internationalism wob also strengthened.
But the trade union movement remained narrowly nationalistic even
after the war had come to an end.
The Amsterdam International is
collection of national organizations of which each one, excepting their minorities Is ready to get
at the other's throat ln caso of war
with that country. Thus, the Polish
unions affiliated to Amsterdam are
demanding Sillsla for Poland,
while the Oerman unions, also
members of the Amsterdam International, consider the annexation
of Sillsla by Poland an act of
robbery. National organisations
'standing on the platform of class
co-operation cannot organise any
truly international organisation.
The International secretariats by
Industry, such as that of tho metal
workers, miners, textile workers,
etc., are not in reality international. This waa particularly clear during the recent great strikes and
conflicts.
The Task
The principle task, therefore, of
the union movement of the world
ls the creation of a really international federation of unions. The
work of the old and the new international federations, Amsterdam
included, consist in merely registering ovents. They do not lead the
movement, but only follow it. They
do not point to now roads but tread
tho old beaten path, they tend to
bring unity Into the national organisations avoiding, as far aB possible, problems of general Interest
to tho world proletariat. And this
is quite natural. The make-up of
the Amsterdam International 19
such that it cannot become an international organisation,. An international organisation could exist and develop only if Its component parts were to put the class
Interests of the proletariat above
thoso of their national interests.
There are no such organisations In
the Amsterdam International, and
Such will be only found In the
ranks of the Red Labor Union International.
* Thus, the Btruggle between Amsterdam and Moscow Is substantially a fight for the. creation of a
truly international organisation; a
struggle for tho priority of the interests of the international proletariat over those of the national
groups; a atruggle for the creation
of militant international organisations instead of the non-militant
ones, for the organisation of activity on an International, Instead
of a national scale, by Industries
and groups of industries, for consolidating the international proletariat as a class against the International bourgeoisie. That's the
gist of the struggle, the bone of
contention between the adherents
of Moscow and Amsterdam. In
order to create a truly international foderation of unlona lt Is necessary to win over the trado unions of
the various countries, to free them
from national prejudices, to infuse
new blood into them, to weld these
old weapons of the reaction into
r—HOME—s
tlon.
Another Problem
And here we approach the other
problem which troubles the union
movement of all countries. Is It
possible to lead the unions along
this new road, or is it so hopeless
a task that lt is necessary to destroy them and build nuw ones in
their stead? There is a movement,
not'a very strong one, which believes it necessary to destroy the
old unions, considering them . a
part of the bourgeois machine
which has to be removed to insure
the success of'the social struggle.
The holders of this belief look
upon the unions .from a metaphysical point of view. Unions
consist not only of thc leaders and
the bureaucracy; they represent
the great masses of workors. At
present the unions embrace about
.0 million workers. To turn away
from those 60 millions for purely
revolutionary unions would be suicidal, and would mean total isolation 'from the masses, a secluded
life of a sect. It Is rather curious
that those who take this point of
view, who hope to be able to overthrow the all-powerful international imperialism, consider victory over the union bureaucracy an
impossible thing. This view ls intrinsically due to mistrust of tlie
masses. It is pessimism which
must be rejected, for It Is as fruitless as the biblical tig-tree. The
working class must be won over.
And this means that one must not
turn away from the unions, must
not leave them, but that on the
contrary, one must go Into them,
to be with the masses. If the heads
have grown together with the
bourgeoia government then the
masses cannot unlto with it The
.development of inherent conflicts
puts them in opposition to the government and to their own reactionary machine. Our task lies in Increasing the pressure of the masses
.and freeing them from the influence of the bourgeois and reformist leadership.
The advance of Capital all over
the world affected the Labor move
ment ln two ways: The foremost
ranks became hesitant, developed a
hitch, and were lost: the masses
are restless, indignant and filled
with hatred. The advance guard
Is simply "marking time," while
the army ls moving towards the
line of the class struggle. Capital's
advance ls smoothing out the
differences among 'the workers, It
Is preparing the* ground for united
action, and thus we come to the
third problem confronting the International union movement, the
task of beating back the enemies'
attack.
Methods of Struggle
What are the method! and
means of struggle put forth by the
Amesterdam organisations? For
several years they have been
promising soeial peace. Together
with the employers they work
upon social legislation In the International Labor Office of the
League of Nations, Their entire
policy Is based upon the liberality
of the ruling class, but now everything is going to pieces. The work
day Is getting longer, the wagea
less; collective agreements are being broken. The capitalist class,
which had retreated until the
middle of 1920 pooled Its forces
and began an organised attack.
The old organisation give way before thla pressure; they voluntarily
agreed to smaller wages. Pressed
by the masses they sometimes call
strikes, but try to end them as
quickly as possible. In short, the
attack of Capital broke the backbone of the Amsterdam International, It must choose between a
flght against Mammon's onward
march, or leaving the field altogether. Is lt capable of fighting?
/to. It is based not only on national but on narrow craft principles.
It cannot call an international
strike, for its component organisations will view the matter from the
stand point of the interests of their
national Industry In the world
market. It is compelled to confine
Its activity to national, Instead of
International limits.
The Amsterdam International
unites from 8 to 10 million more
workingmen than do we, but, despite the tremendous number of organized workers, lt has not yet outgrown the infantile stage of the
Labor movement. This showed itself In the recent great strikes of
the English coal miners, the French
textile workers, etc. One craft
walks out, the others continue
working, afraid of unbalancing capitalist stability, and, Instead of a
general battle of the whole army of
workers, we see Isolated skirmishes
by its separate detachments against
a powerful enemy armed to the
teeth.
Tlie Difference
The substantial difference between the Red International and
that of Amsterdam consists not
only ln their using different methods ln the strugglo, but, mainly,
in that the old unions consider each
separate organization as an end ln
Itself, while we see In the trade
unions merely a means to an end,
1. e„ a weapon for the Social Revolution and social construction.
Where the position of a particular
Industry Is critical the Amsterdam.
Ites cannot, and often would not,
draw Into the struggle such workers (aa railroad men, gas workers,
tramway men, food workera and so
forth), as would have a decisive
effect upon Its outcome, whereas we
hold that the workers in the publlo
and administrative services are our
biggest asset In the fight against
advancing capital. The rule of the
craft spirit on the one hand, aa
against a class-conscious attitude
towards small conflicts on the
other. A conciliatory attitude before and during the struggle on one
side, a general tendency towards
aggravating the class war and en
rolling the maximum number of
workers on the other side. These
are the peculiarities characterising
the two internationals.
The creation of a united front to
ward off the blows ot capital Is the
most Intricate task of contemporary unionism. In spite of the acute
political struggle and the presence
of two or three political Labor parties in every country the union
movement everywhere remains un.
divided. This ls not an accidental
phenomenon. There are apparently
deep rooted  causes which  make
CASH OR
CREDlf
Furniture Store
We want you to come to
this store with confidence
that you can buy Furniture, Carpets and -Linoleum at lower prices and
better terms.
No Greater Opportunity
tor   the   Working   Men
BUY IN THIS STORE
REMEMBER THE
HOME
FURNITURE
STORE
416 Main Street
Phone Sey. 1217
Ring vp Pbone Seymour 1364'
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Cuny
DENTIST
Suite Ml Dominion Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Mainland
Cigar Store
tlO OARRALL STREET
THE PLAOE rOS PIPES
KBHTIOH IHB TBBBBA-
Tiontt sad get you 10
per teat. d-Komrt.
We make Ladies' Garments
Eight Here in Vanoouver
—the equal In style and smartness of any offered In Canada.
Bolts, Drum, Cuts, ste.—ttt
i»Urt nylu—the __urt-.it uidtls—la
an Its nw -h»d.-—c-mpl.t. haw
for yen eh.oilnj.
Wo oJor then itrmosts meet thu
elsewhere tonus wo doal direct—
•lisdstta th tho ulidlamia's preiu.
Famous
Cloak 6 Suit Oo.
023 HAST-MQ8 ST.. Host Qn_-rtH0
the trade unions keep their solidarity regardless of the flght of poll
tical factions. The explanation of
this unchanging unity lies in the
fact that, in spite of all the defects and shortcomings, ln spite of
treachery of their leaders, the trade
unions are on the whole the only
protection of the immediate material Interests of the workers. The
extremely hard and complex situation of the working class at present makes it impossible not only
to overthrow capitalism but even
to successfully stand against Its attacks without a united' front,
Bow Created
How ls this united front to be
created? The Amsterdamltes pro-
pose to create a united front by
non-interference with the union
life of other countries and glossing
over the differences splitting the
working masses. They want to
make class co-operation the corner
stone of working class unity. We
are for a united front. We are
ready to unite with Amsterdam, or
any other trade union body, but on
the basis of class war instead of
social peace, on the ground ot lighting for the positions conquered by
the working class, not of voluntary
retreat from them. The task of
(Continued on page 4)
COAL
SALE BOOTLESS
ANp
NANAIMO
Kindling Pree
CANADIAN WOOD AND
OOAL OOMPANT
1440 OBANVILLE Sey. SUM
•TELLOW-WOBKIDS"
O. J. Mengel
Writes aU classes of insurance. Representing only first-
class Board companies. If insurance is wanted, write or
Phone Sey. 6<_(.
Olllee address, III Board ot
Trade Bldg., Vancourer, B.C.
The Psychology
of Marxian
__»t_________________________HM__MM4
Socialism
(By B. Rahim)
A work tbat all students
ahould read. Can be obtained
from the
B, 0. Federationist, Ltd.
149 PENDER ST. W.
Price BOo Per Copy, Post Paid
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
111* Merita Itnot
tutity sontooa, 11 ..at, aad 7.80 p.m.1
Dondur    ichool    l_u_.diot.lr    following
sunlsf somes.   W.dnnder tc»Hmo,>i_i
meeting,   •   pjl   Vne   toodlas   "
tOlOOl BlrhiBldi.      ^^
W. 3. DOWNIE
SAHIPBAOTIO FHTSIOIUT
SH STANDARD BANK
Oor. Eutlnn aad Biohordo
Phonos:   Soy. 60S; Blit. 213.1,
UNION MAN!
In that dark hour when sympa- j
thy and best service count so
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
IU KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER ]
•   Phone Fairmont M
Prompt Ambulance Service
EMPIRE CAFE!
AND GRILL
"A Good Placo to Eat"
HASTINGS AND COLUMBIA ST*
Toa sre entitled to telephone
service thftt le quick, iccarste md
wide in Its es tensions. Te fin
the best senrlee- this compsny is
constsntlf improving shd sddlng
to its equipment. Its operating
methods sre stsndsrdlied. Yosr
telephone service is seeond to
none. Yoar stslstsnet snd cooperation ensbtes us to giro yoa
Intereoj-UMniestion of the widest
scope %nd highest obtsinsble c«•
slenejr.
BBITISH  COLUMBIA  TEtTPHOHE j
OOMPANT
We have the best equipped
sanatorium and the only one
of Us kind west of New Tork
City. If you want the beat
scientific service see us.
I We have grown by I
I merit and progressed I
■   through results.   ■
BB SURE YOU GET
VAN BROS.
WHEN YOU ASK FOB
--CIDER-
and Non-alcoholic nines of all
Unda
UNluN MEN'S ATTENTION
You may wish to help The Fed« j
eratlodtot. Yon can do so by renewing your subscription promptly and j
sending In the subscription of youi
friend or neighbor.	
"A -tm.rk.-I, book by a remu-ibie m»a."—the freethinker.
©ommmuum
nub
tflptattaniam
Anslried snd Contrasted from the JlsnUfl
Sad Darwinian Pointi of Vi.w. By Bilbos
William Montgomery Brown, D.D. Itl Bold
Recommendations: Beniah tba Godl from tb*
Skies snd Cipltalletl from the Earth end
make the World life for Industrial Com-
■■aim. Publlah.d, October, mo.
Seriaty-Fifth Thouund sow ready. Pp. 2-4.
Cloth Edition, De Luxe, $1.00. nils whole edition of 3;00O
copies Is a Christmas gift to the sufferers by famine in Russia.
Every copy sold means a whole dollar to them and much education to tlie buyer,
.. "of* _'_""J"""" •I"M'«'ln_r7 and innlhilltlnt book. I hi.e e«r rest.
It wlh .hike the country."—Tke Appeal te Roes.
New Piper Edition, 25,000 eople., entitle design, very berattfol, one
pr a centi, ill, 11.00.   Send 13.00 for twenty dre copies fer Chrlitmu
copy
present!.
THE B. O. PEDEEAT-OHIST, LTD,
twenty-flvo copies i
BIS Piattr St. w., Vuconnr,
.  "'.'. "I" •_* * """derfol work ia thli the mates! crlili la all hlitory."—Trath.
*m SAY.
..February U. 19M
i'A#»^t6»rrH year. no. i   lti.- BRITISH COLUMBIA FMMiBATIONIST Vancouver,
ac
PA-TTSKB--
am not
raid to
Unces
I HAVE reduced my charges on sll
forms of work to a point whieh
enables any person to have attention
given their teeth. Call at my office, or
phono Sey. 3331, and I will be glad to
quote these prices.
I want the public to know that I do the
highest grade of dental work at tha
lowest prices for which the best materials ean be used and expert workmanship offered.
If you have the idea that dental charges
are prohibitive, phone mc. My prices
will'surprise yon.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Tlie Expression Dentist
602 Hastings Stnet W., Oor. Seymour
Office Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
MEJ-tRTrr STRIKE f meoting1.
Since last week the -strike at Merritt haa been called off by tbe men.
The men who were on atrlke fought
ae long: as their meagre finances
lasted, but eventually the Inevitable
happened—the men were starved
back on the job. However, although the men at Merritt have
gone back to work, they have not
gone back defeated. Because of
the experience they have had, they
know why they did not at this time
accomplish their goal. They have
gone back with a determination to
again take up the oudgels of battle
at the first opportunity, and the
experiences of the last strike will
prove invaluable to them ln their
future struggles against their master*.
DB.  BRETT  ANDKRSON,  famed)- member of tho Fteulty of tho
College of Dontlltry, Unifenlty of Southern California,  Lecturer
on Crown sad Bridgework, Dtu-onitrator ia Platework sad Operative Dentistry, local ead Central Aaaeitheiia.
i Vancourer Unioni
kCOUVEB TBADES AMD LABOB
bUNCIL—PrMldent, ft, W. Ratio?;
Klsry, J. 0. Snith. Hoots Ird Wed-
Bay each month in the Pender Rail,
[or of Poador asd Howe atreets.
Ber.' am,
Ipp   PRINTING   TBADES   COtJN*
■eeosd    Monday   In   tho
Lth.    Preaident, J. ft. White.
f, R. H. NoBlaniU, P. 0. Box 6fl,
OKLAYBBS AHD MABOMB-»   yon
Md brieklayera or maaona for boiler
■ki,   eto,,   er  marblo  lettera,   phono
Iklayen' Pnlon, Labor Templo.
T.ADIAN NATIONAL UNION OP EX
JERVIOE   mea   moota    	
_f th WednHdoya ei oaoh month, at 01
■dova St W., at t p.m. Ju. Farnham,
Tretary-Tremror.
NKRAL WOBKEBS1 UNIT OP THS
, B. U.—President, H. Grand; aeore*
,, 0. 0. Miller. MeeU 2nd snd 4th
fdntadey ln eaeh month in Pender Hall,
Jier  of  Pender   and  Howo    Streeta.
fcne Seymonr 881.
VEBNATIONAL    LONGSHOREMEN _
Moeiation,    Looal    M-68—OHce sad
162 Cordova flt. W.    Meet* ink
third   frldaya,   I   pm.    thtMtanr-
Mnror, T. Nixon; baainoia aceat, P.
elalr. ____________
HHKR < WORKERS'     INDUSTRIAL
1NI0N     OP     CANADA—Aa     indua-
union   of all   workora   ta   log*
r and eonitractioa campa.   Coaat Die*
I aad Oeaoral fiesdowton. 91 Oor
. Bt. W, Vaaooavor. ft. a Pkoao Bey.
"i.    J, M. Clarko, general aoenitary-
_ Jirer; legal adriaon,  Heoan.  Bird,
|doaald * Co., Vaaooavor, B. Oj audi*
„ Hours. Batter * Chiene, vaneon*
, b. a - *
DERATED SEAFARERS  UNION  OP
C.—Formerly  Firemen and Ollcro'
a    of    Britiah    Columbia—Meeting
t, drat and third Wednesday of eaeh
J-Ui at 108 Main   Street.    President,
I Williams; vico-presldent, B. Morgan;
retary-treaaarer,   W.   Donaldson.    Ad-
si, 108 Main Street, Vancouver, B. C.
|torie   Branoh   Agent's   addresi,   W,
knots, 567 Johnson St., Victoria, B. 0.
Provincial Unions
VIOTOBIA. ft. 0.
VICTORIA AMD DIBTU1CT TRADES
• aad Laber Coaaoll—Moota bat aad
third Wednesdaya, Slights el PythJu
Ball, North Park Street, at ■ djb. Prealdeat, 0. Slverta; Yice-preatdent, ft. CI*
iiott; aeorotary-treaaurer, E. S. Wood-
ward, P. p. Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
PBOfOE BTJPEBT, B. C.
PRINCE BUPERT CENTRAL LABOR
Council, O. B. U. Branchei: Prlnee
Bupert Diatrlet Plaherlea Board, O.B.U.;
Metalliferous Minora' Diatrlet Board,
O.B.U. Secreary-treaaurer, P. 0. Bos
117, Prineo Bupert.
OTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DEOO-
fetors and Paperaangera of America,
W 188, Vaneouver—Meeta Snd aad
I Thursdaya at  HU  Cordova St. W.
Jbno Bey. 8491.  Bulneu agent, ft, A.
(rher..
IB. U. UNIT PILE DRIVERS. WOOD-
ft n Bridgemen, Derrlekmon and Riggere
■Vancouver and vicinity.    Meets every
■ndoy, 8 p.m., In O. B. U. Hat), 804
Ider St W.    Prealdeat,   W.   Tucker;
■nolal aeeretary and' business agent, 0.
person.    Phono  Seymonr 281.
>ADIAN   SOCIETY  OF  CERTIFIED
TEAM ENGINEERS LOCAL   No.   2,
Westmlnater, meeta every first and
1 Friday ln the Labor Temple, Royal
Imue and 7th Street.    Engineers sup-
Id.    Addreaa Seeretary, 1040 Hamil-
Street,   New   Westminster,   B.   0.
me 603T.
JSKET   AND    ELECTRIO   RAILWAY
ftmployoea,  Pioneer Divlelon,  No.  101
meets A. O. V. Ball, Mount Pliaunr
land Srd Mondaya st 10.15 a.m. and -
1 Preaident, P. A. Hoover, S409 Clarke
recording-secretary, P. E. Griffin.
lth Avenuo East;  treunrer, E.  S.
eland;   financial-secretary  and  busl-
sgent,  W.  H.  Cottrell,  4808  Dum-
Street; offlco cornor Prior snd Maia
Phono Fair B804B.	
ART GALLKUY CONCERTS
There will be two concerts given
thta week In the B. C. Art Gallery,
30» Cordova St. W. Friday night
the Maritime Province's Association gives a concert and Saturday
night the concert is under the auspices of the B, C, Art League.
Theae concerts have become so
popular and the attendance
large that the League will have to
aeek new quarters, proving that
the city needs a civic auditorium
where concerts of thia character
can be held.
On Saturday night Mr. J. Francis
Bursill will occupy the chair and a
special programme of exceptional
talent has been arranged by Mr.
Burgers Beech and Mr. J. A. Radford which includes music, song,
and story.
Many artists have generously
offered their assistance to make
these free concerts a success.
All are cordially Invited to come
and bring their friends.
The doors will be opened at 7:30
and the concert commences at 8:15
p.m. Refreshments will be served
and _t time permits a dance will be
held.
All the pictures loaned by the
National Gallery and the Canadian
Painter Etchers Society will be on
view and catalogues will be available.
Although they did not get what
they struck for, yet they neither
lost nor are beaten. Those who
possess nothing, can lose nothing;
and while sections of the working
claaa may receive a temporary setback, yet they cannot bo defeated
The very logie of their pailtlon
compels them to fight until ultimately success crowns their efforts.
Now that the men are back on
the Job, they will immediately start
organising and co-ordinating their
forces for the next struggle; and
with the knowledge they have ar-
quired out Of their present trouble,
they will be able tn the near future
to compel their masters to come to
terms. In a very short time we
will again hear from the Lumber
Workers at Merritt.
Very encouraging reports are at
hand from Cranbrook. The membera there are awakening fast; and
a large number of former members
who had fallen behind, are again
coming forward and seeking reinstatement. Everything seems to Indicate that the Cranbrook district
will be back to its old stride In a
few months.
The Coast continues quiet owing
to the large amount of snow that
has fallen, thus preventing the
camps from operating. However,
encouraging reports aro coming in
from some of the camps which are
running. The delegates are beginning to get busy, and signs of renewed activity are not lacking.
Wages still remain low, but the
price of logs continue high. The
stocks of lumber on hand are small
owing to, the fact that the weather
is preventing logging. Now is the
time to get ready for a drive for
higher wages aa soon as the camps
open up. Lots of preliminary work
must be done, and every one who is
interested In getting more wages,
should get busy at once. Let our
slogan be: "f4 minimum by May
Day."
CAMP REPORTS
Campbell's Camp
Held a meeting hero tonight, and
yours truly was elected ns delegate.
About   thirty   men   attended   the
One I. W. W. did not
show up, also one or two others
who I did not expect would, but as
we get going, we may be able to
make them aee the light.
Hope that the loggen will take
an interest in the union this summer; make it stronger than ever,
and give up the fun of hearing Mr.
Boss howl at them. It only takes
a dollar a month and a little backbone. If the loggers fall down this
year, they will certainly be known
as the perfect slave; Have collected $14 for the Merritt strikers,
which am enclosing In this letter.
CARD NO. G4.
Camp 6, C. N. P. Lumbar Co.,
Cranbrook
Thla camp is a high balloutfit run
by an ex-scab herder from Montana. Mr. Slave Driver tries to
speed up the men, and when they
can not work faster, he fires them,
but no action has so far been taken.
Now, fellow workers, why do you
not take some action In this camp?
You have nothing to lose but* the
chaina that bind you, and a world
to gain. Come ont Organize! Tou
will never gain anything while you
are divided the way you are today.
CARD NO. C4.
PROGRAMME OF THE WORKERS' PARTY OF CANADA
AS LAID POUR AT THE TORONTO CONVENTION
and the Lobor Movement Before tho World War fliHe of the country.  Its representatives in the various legisla-
tliliou
.   histoii
outbreak of the world war marked the close of a great
JBNEYMEN i'AILORS' UNION OP
Emories, Loesl No. 178—-Mooting! held
1 Monday In each month, 8 p.m.  Prei-
Lt, A. R. Oatenby; -rlee-pmblont, D.
Irion; neordlng eecretarr. 0, Me*
bald, F. 0. Box 508; financial lecre*
fc. T. Tompletoa, P. 0. Bot 80S.
POORAPHIOAL UNION No. 228—
leeti lut Sandey of etch month at
b.m,. Preildent, 0. B. Collier; vioo-
k ident, E. H. Ooigh; loorotary
>mrer, B. H. Neelendi. Boi 00.
pKERS' COUNCIL VANCOUVER,
. 0., meets every Taeiday owning
I p.m. In tho 0. B. U. Htll, H04 Pen-
. St. W. Secrt'tsry, t, Hottbargh, Pen-
\ Hall.
___   NBW   WESTMINSTER   BRANCH
|f tho 0. B. U. moots oa the third
Incodoy of every month.    Everybody
eome.
Jfou may wish to help The Fed-
(tlontet. Vou can do eo by renew-
[ your subscription promptly and
ding ln the subscription of your
1 or neighbor.
Lincoln on "Revolution*'
"Any people anywhere, being inclined and having the power, have
the right to rise up and shake off
the existing government and form
a new one that suits them better.
This fs a most valuable, a most sa-
r«-«-i rl***t—a right which we hope
and believe ia to liberate the
\v-jiid."—Spoech by Lincoln in the
Houso of Representatives, January
12, 1948.
One dollar and fifty centa la the
cost for a six months subscription
to the Federationist.
OOWAN & BROOKHOUSE
PBINTBBB. PUBUSBERS, STEREO*
TTPERS ANO BOOKBINDERS
11S9 HOWE STREET
Unloa Ofielsli, write for prlooo.   We
give SATISFACTION.
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
-8H COKDOVA EAST
Everything Modem
Hates Reasonable
George Hardy Points
to  Needs of Volga
Famine Sufferers
(Continued from page 1)
tet lesaty Tears w, ten Isanti Mut Ualon sump for an aador oar
VOLUNTARY  ARBITRATION CONTRACT
ST&S-i
VWJRKERSUNIO
ora stamp utiuaMi
ftutfal OaUoottn Bufilalai
rorblia Batt Sttltai ud la__oati
DlipntM S-rtM _, ArtlgUloa .
-MalT la»l.r«i.o> aaa S_lll.d WttkauM?
rroant DdlrtrM ta DuttUi aat PaMU
Em. aa_ faeeul ta Worun aad Haptorm
Ftoapnttr at Stoa K_kla< OomamaliM
Aa loyal aaloa tea aad wann. ve aak
Toa te deaaad iae« Hartal the earn
Unloa Itanp ea Iolo. Imola or Llalaf.
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
UO SUMMER STBEKT, BOSTON, MASS.
Colli. Lately. Ooaoral IM-Moat    Otarle, 1* Balne. Oeaaral ■ac.-Troaa.
UNIO^TAMPl
Slater's
Quality, Service and
FREE DELIVERY!
18S Hastings St E Sey. 3268
630  Granville St Soy.    866
1191 GrsavUIt St Soy. 6149
3260 Moin St     Pair. 1683
FRESH MEAT DEPARTMENT
Qunlity Pot Roasts from, per lb. lS-ftc
Quality Oven Routs from, lb. 12»/ac
Slater's
lb. _..
Famous   Rolled
Roasts,
 200
Nice Lean Boiling Reef from, lb...10c
Boneless Stewing Beef, per lb.. 15c
PORK SPECIALS
Havo you tried ooo of our famous
Pork Shoulders t They only weigh
from 4 to fl lbs. and are of excellent quality, all Alberta grain-fed
pork, and government innpectnd;
on sale on Friday -ond Saturday,
special prioe, lb. ..._, ....lfl'/ic
Pork  Spare Ribs,  por ib. ...-20o
Pure Pork Sausage, ppr lb SOe
Beef and Pork Sausage, lb.....20c
Genuine Calves' Liver, per lb...25c
Fresh  Beef Liver,   per  Ib.  ....lOe
tort. Out l-lowtn, ftneril l-stfta, weamt *_*__*• *_*_*_-**
Ornamental ind Shade Tntd/SMb, Who, Tleristo' SubUm
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NUE8HWMEN
t-STOBEB-S
48 Hiitlngt Strwt Ban                               TO* Oranvilla Bntn
Seymour OTt-671 Sermonr «X3	
Finest Hind Quarter   Round   Steak,
per lb.     „ .._.—2fic
Quality Lamb Chops, per Ib. __.—30e
Quality T-Bone Steak, per lb. ....32c
Quality Sirloin Steak, per lb .820
STRBAKT BACON SPECIAL
Slater's Famous Streaky Baeon, half
or whote Blab, Friday and Saturday
special, per lb .....SS'/ic
BUTTEB  BUTTEB  BUTTEB
Have yoa tried Slater's Famoua
Alberta Creamery Butter t On
aale on Friday and Saturday al
8 lbs. for -I1.00
I No- 1 P»'ry Batter, 2 lba. for..63o |
Nucoa Oleomargarine, por lb, ..—.SOe
Slater's  Famous  Boneless   Boiled
Bacon, 3 lbs. for ...-...^-..-lOe
Slater'a  Famous   Ayrshire   Baek
Bacon, sliced, per lb. •________
I Finest Salt Pork, per lb. ~M\_e
Finost    Canadian     Cheese,
lb 	
B. 0, Fresh Eggs,
, dos..
..Ue
Pickled   Pigs'   Feet,
lbs. for
.40*. 43c
okod, 2
 Me
Slater's Famous Picnic Hams, par
Ib   nJM-%0
ONION KADI
The [MJJ Loggers' Boot
Matt ordera aeraeully .Headed ta
Guaranteed to Hold Oanlka and Aft Thoromjhly Watertl»ht
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Suooaaiora to H. VOS * 80N
W CORDOVA STBEBT WEST, VANOOtVEB, B. ft
Kelt Door to Lonara1 Ball
Phone Sermonr Ht Repair* Dom While Toe Wall
EXTBA SPBOIAL
Oa aale on Brider and np te It noon
on Saturdar. Slater'a Famona
Beaaieaa Rolled Baeon. weight from
4 to 6 lba. Sef. 3_<4°; •*'»'
apeolal, per lb .__.23V_c
OBOCSHY   DEPABTHEMT
B. 0. Small White Beana, I lba.
lor ..
Fineat Small Oreee Peaa,
lor
I lba.
.ile
Finea. L!m» Beana, t lba. for..2So
Fineat Taploea, I lba. for lie
Quaker and Delmonto   Pork   and
Beana, 3 tlna for  >»
Clark'a Potted Heat, I tlna for lie
Fin. Sardinea, 8 Una for Ue
Slater'a Famona 8pnda, flne, dry
aad menlr. onlr, Por a»c_..|l.a*t
free -MUrarr
AT SLATER'S
FOUK STORKS
FREE DELIVERY!
their departing from communism,
a political revolution waa not necessarily an economic one, but made
an economic revolution possible.
The Russians found themselves in
the midst of an International capitalist world, and understood conditions as they are, and not ae
some would like them. They muat
maintain, at all cost, working-clam
control.
They were endeavoring to bring
about new economic conditions, so
that they would not have to depend
on the outside world. Their budget
for education was bigger thsn that
for war. They were endeavoring
to educate their people to tho point
when they could provide for
themselves.
' Russia the Vanguard
"On their welfare depends the
welfare of the working class of the
world. ■ Tho working olass of the
world has got to overthrow the
present system, and do what they
havo done." (Hear, hear!) The
misery today was because the
means of production were in the
hands of a class whtch did not
operate them, and could not. -"It
is a question of the proletarian
movement which has its vanguard
on the Russian front. They must
be reinforced by the workers all
over the world. You and I will be
compelled some time to take our.
part in the movement for the overthrow of the existing ordor. The
better they are supported now the
easier it will be for us."
Hardy Appears
"Fellow-worker Hardy" was
suddenly announced from thc back
of the hall; and immediately the
meeting broke out Into "Hooray!"
and whistling ■ and general applause, as he took a seat on the
platform to get his breath. Then,
in tones of power and sincerity, he
addressedj the gathering.
'When'we speak of the Friends
of Soviet Russia," he said, "we
mean something distinct ln the
class struggle. We mean that we
are in favor of a definite change
in the economic status of society;
a real co-operative system where
capitalism will be abolished."
- When the Russian working class
found themselves not being fed
under the Czar's regime, they got
rid of the system. The law of life,
the struggle for existence, made
them tako action. They simply
obeyed tho social law.
Revolutions Not Mndo
"Revolutions are not    made   ln
garrets or in cellars.    Revolution,
come when the system has ceased
to feed the people."
Kerensky's ^slogan of "democracy" did not get them. ' Those who
had been abroad knew what capitalism had brought the working
class outside Russia. They thought
perhaps the Oreat War would end
fn international revolution.
Quoting their three-fold slogan:
1. Land for the peasants.
2.' Factories for the workera.
3, Ail powor for the Soviets.
The speaker said there waa some
misunderstanding about the Soviets. There were some ln the working class who misunderstood. If
any thought the dictatorship of the
proletariat not necessary, he
wished he could plant them ln
Russia, whore he had gone over
the territory traversed by Yudenltch. The destruction was complete. Bridges, communal kitchens, and schools were all destroyed. ..
As to the hysteria about Rhelme
cathedral, etc., he Bald, "Russia la
a marvellous country for churchea
too, They must have been a rell-
gous people once too. General
Yudenltch didn't mis. • dome on
any of those churchei with hla artillery."   -
So it waa on 13 different fronta.
"Those counter-revolutionary foroes are responsible for the condition
of Russia today." And the huge
working class army of tho world
stood in apathy.
Before 1914, there were aaid to
be 50,000 engines on the railways
ln Russia. In 1017, 50 per cent of
that efficiency waa gone. Later,
there were 5,000 engines left out of
50,000; and now the number wae
8800. "Take fifty per cent, of the
efficiency from the railways of the
IT. S. and Canada; and you'll be
sending outside for food," he aald.
Willing to Sacrifice
'The working clasa in Russia ie
so much willing to sacrifice, oven
in the future, that any counter-revolution will receive the same
treatment as the 13 counter-rcvo-
lutiona got previous to my going
into Russia." (applause). "But
we are governed by social lawa
Former revolutions were nationalistic. Now no nation can get along
without the assistance of other nations. Therefore Russia haa to retreat economically."
Aa to tha charge that the Communists are bringing back the
capltallata, the apeaker insisted:
"Thev _._.   nn*   .-treating   before
class ownership of the means of prodnctiod and maintained
by'the coercive power of thc bourgeoise state, was then in
its period of expansion. That was a period of mass production accumulation of capital, extension of the world market
by the acquisition of colonics and spheres of influence to absorb the surplus of commodities aad capital. It is true, that
as a result of its anarchic production, capitalism suffered from
re current crisis even then but assisted by the safety valve of
immigration it was able regularly to recover its equilibrium,
tt is' ulso true that there were always great masses of the
workers on the poverty line; but lt was not these masses that
determined the policies of the working class.
For that was also the great period of the development of
the organized labor movement with its trade uniona, co-operatives and political parties.
. And since the enormous profits that thc capitalist class de-
rives from thc exploitation of the workers both at home and
abroad, disposed it to share a little of the spoil rather thsn
invite a fundamental challenge to the capitalist system, the
policy of organized labor tended to be conservative, reformist
and opportunist.
Imperialist and the Labor Movement Today.
For this policy of adaptation to the legal and economic conditions of capitalism thc workers were to pay a terrible price.
In spite of peace tribunals and their hypocritical professions,
the ^economic rivalries engendered by thc monopolist tenden-
tive and administrative institutions will expose the sham democracy of capitalism and help to mobilize the workers for th*
final struggle against thc capitalist state. They will give eon.
scions and public expression to the everyday grievances of tho
working class in concrete demands upon the capitalist govern,
ments and their institutions.
3. To lead in the fight for the immediate needs of the
workers, broaden and deepen their demands, organize and"
develop out of their everyday straggles a force for the abolition of capitalism.
4. To work for thc overthrow of capitalism and capitalist
dictatorship by the conquest of political power, the establishment of the working class dictatorship and of the workers'
republic. \
Resolutions on Labor Unloni.
1. Thc trade union movement of Canada in common with
the trade union movement' of the world is experiencing tho
gravest crisis in its history. Already before the world war tho
policies and structure of the trade unioni were being proved
inadequate to copo with the growing concentration and solidarity of capital. But the changes wrought in the very basis
of capitalism as a result of the world war, have made it impossible to postpone any longer a re-examination and solution.
of the problems that confront the trade union movement, particularly the problems of policy and organiiation.
In order to re-establish the equilibrium of capitalism, the
capitalist class has launched a general offensive for the reduction of the workers' living standards, making at tho nme time
a determined onslaught for the destruction of the trade union
cies of the great imperialist powers subsequent explosion came, movement itself, utterly unprepared for this attack, the trado
the bewildered working class was caught completely ott its | ullions are almost everywhere in disorderly retreat.   All along
the line wage reductions are being enforced with only tho
slightest resistance on the part of the unions. With equal
helplessness thc trade unions face the problem of unemployment. Unless thc unions bogin to understand that the era of
conciliation and arbitration in the class struggle is passed, and
recognize the changed conditions of the struggle between
capital and labor there is danger that the efforts of the capitalist class will succeed.
Under these circumstances the most vital task which con-
fronts the working class is the establishment of a united front
to resist the aggressions of the capitalist class. It follows that
the role of the labor unions in the building np of this united
front is to bring about the co-ordination and consolidation of
the entire labor union movement of the country (1 the basis of
militant struggles. Not only, however, is this consolidation
necessary, but equally essential is the international organization of all the militant unions of the world. The only force
that has proven itself capable of recognizing the needs of th*
trade union movement imposed by the changed conditions,
and capable of rallying all the militant forces of the world
labor movement is the Red International of Labor Unions.
2. To accomplish the tasks indicated above, not only must
the policy pursued by some groups in the past of seeking to
revolutionize the labor movement by splitting away to torm
new ideal unions, be completely abandoned not only muet
dual unionism be vigorously combatted but all tendencies to
consolidate thc trade union movement by amalgamating the
related crafts on-the basis of one union for each industry must
be positively fostered within the existing trade unions. Towards this end the membership of the Workers' Party will
work in co-operation with all militant elements in the unions
for the formation and development of a left wing. Along with
this effort, toward the formation of industrial unions, goes the
polioy of strengthening the local and district councils for the
purpose of co-ordinating the activities of the various labor
unions in matters confined to tho local situation. In all localities and industries, where the old trade unions are definitely
thc predominant bodies, the Workers' Party will oppose all
dual unions or secessionist efforts. In localities or industries
where the independent unions have achieved somo measure of
constructive organization and where the old trade unions aro
weak, the membership of tlie Workers' Party will work within their respective organizations for tho purpose of bringing
about united action in all struggles, while seeking at tbo same
time to bring abont thcir unification with the general labor
union movement. In these instances, where for various rcas.
ons, the dominant union is outside the goneral labor union
movement, the Workers' Party will support such unions in all
regular organization matters while endeavoring at the same
time to allign them with the general organized movement.
The Workers' Party calls attention to the difference in
function between the Workers' Party and thc labor unions.
Tho unions necessarily include even tho most backward and
politically unconscious elements of the working class. Th*
Workers' Party, on the other hand, confines its membership to
the more political conscious. Nevertheless the attitude of
seeming political neutrality adopted by thc trade unions really
plays into the hands of thc copitalist class, and must bc abandoned and the trade unions brought into alignment with th*
militant international labor movement finding its expression
in thc Red International of Labor Unions. The membership of
the Workers' Party will assist in thc consolidation of thc lobor
unions on militant lines by permeating theso organizations
with a revolutionary spirit, exposing the reactionary and
treacherous policies of the labor unions bureaucracy, stimulating the sense of aggressive rank and file control, and resisting
to tho utmost the expulsion of militants and the splitting up
of tho unions in general.
guard,.^nij the organized labor movement transformed by the
ti'eaehery of the reactionary "Labor.Leaders" into an adjunct
of the Imperialist war-machine.
As. a result of the prolonged slaughter that followed, international exchanges collapsed, factories closed down, millions
of workon were thrown into the ranks of the unemployed
and the very foundations of Capitalism undermined. Faced
by this situation the Capitalist clnss is making frantic efforts
to re-establish the equilibrium of capitalism by a general
attack on the living standards of thc workers.
Wages have bcen cut, agreements broken and conccssons
withdrawn. Finally in order to make its systematic campaign
for the'reduction of the worken' living standards effective,
they have launched an equally ruthless offensive for the des'
trtctioiiof the mass-organizations of the worken.
! Underj these changed conditions the international labor
movement is of necessity being transformed into an organ of
Revolutionary struggle against Capitalism.
| The Russian Revolution and the Fint Workert' Republic.
i The general revolutionary movement at the close of the Imperialist war, and during the succeeding period, was marked
by unprecedented intensity and particularly by the Russian
revolution which established the fint worken' republic.
Although this first revolutionary wave" was checked in other
countries, the Russian Soviet Republic has, nevertheless, been
able to withstand thc united efforts of the imperialist powen
to overthrow the rule of the workers, and remains the incarnation of the struggle of thc world proletariat for its emancipation.
The Workers' Party recognizes in the Russian revolution
the first section of "the World Revolution." Basing its policies on the international character of the revolutionary
struggle, it will strive to make the Canadian labor movement
an integral port of the revolutionary movement of tho world.
Disillusioned by thc treacherous conduct of their own leaders
and inspired by tho proletarian revolution of Russia, thc
workers of thc world have organized the Communist International. Despite the bitter opposition of the capitalists and
their labor lieutenants the Communist International has grown
rapidly, and become a world power, the Citadel and
hope of the workers of thc evory country. The Workers'
Party will expose the second international, which is continually: splitting the ranks of labor and betraying tho working
masses to the enemy. It will also warn and guard the workers
agninst the attempts of the so ealled two-and-a-half international to mislead the workers. Further recognizing that the
communist international is .the only real centre of world revolutionary aetivities the worken party will strive to rally
the workers under the banner of the third international.
PLATFORM
The Workers' Party has arisen in consequence of the failure of the hitherto existing parties to co-ordinate and lead thc
working class in its struggles against capitalism. The socialist parties havo practically disappeared from the political
scene owing to thcir sectarianism. Tho reformist labor parties
have failed to recognize the class struggle and functioned
chiefly as electioneering machines. In opposition to the principles and tactics of tho obovo parties, thc Workers' Party
will strive to be at one and the same time a party of action
which is also the party of the masses.
I The general program of the Workers' Party shall be:
! Jj To consolidate the existing labor organizations and dc-
r*H°P ^em into organs of militant struggle against capitalism, to permeate the labor unions and strive to replace the
present reactionary leadership by revolutionary leadership.
I 2.   To participate in thc elections and the general political
the capltaliat class, but before the
social laws that have remained
capitalistic"
Lloyd Oeorge recognized Trade
as the "Oreat Equaliser," having
realized that they could not crush
Bolshevism by the sword, "But
papltallsm is not growing
stronger," the speaker maintained.
"It ls declining." Aa the merchant claas burst out of Feudalism,
"now we are going to step out of
Capitalism Into Socialism, Communism, or whatever you like to
call It"
But there waa one thing to learn,
"The master class doesn't disappear
overnight. We have got to crush
them Just as they crush us and
keep us in subjection" (Applause).
"The same force hae got to be
maintained In ordor to keep in
subjection the master class when
we get control"   (More applause).
The speaker recalled how ho had
once beon arrested in Spokane by
a federal officer.
"Have you got a warrant?" he
asked.
"Don't need one!" said the
officer.
"And he didnt," Hardy admitted
I. aaw the state power In his hip
pookot."    (Laughter).
He mentioned also a New Yorker who had seen enough of "democracy" and gone to Russia. He
waa asked if there was any epeeial Job he would like.
"Yes," he said; "I want to be a
policeman!" (Laughter). So a
policeman he wos, and his Job was
to arrest speculators in money
changing.
'They had the gun In New
York," ho said;" but I've got the
gun in Moscow."
The capitalist dictatorship was
ln operation without any doubt. If
lt wasn't, the workors would feed
themselves. "So we have got to
study the technique of the revolutionary movement," said Hardy;
"So, when we can't bear it any
longer, we won't be doing the
wrong thing, but the right thing."
Cracked Capitalism
"The Russian proletariat haa
cracked the shell of capitalism,"
ho observed. "It Is our duty to
aid Russia so that they may not
retreat    too    far."     Going   Into
Russia in a subjected position, the
capitalist had to agree to yield a
ten per cent, tribute to tho Soviot
Oovernment, and only to use the
property for a definite number of
yoars. Tbe eternal Idea of private
property was effectually torpedoed.
"It's never to bo his any more."
(Applause),
Just how much the Russians
would retreat depended upon conditions. They slid; "We have
made our revolution, and we are
ignorant. The American workers
are intelligent and well educated
(A laugh). Why don't they muke
their revolution? Are they not
tired of working for the capitalists? "
"We have stayed static," Hardy
complained, "and are still leaning
on our hands." In Germany he
hnd found thc syndicalists fighting
the Communists, with the Soviet
Democrats united agalnat them.
"We want a united front of labor. If we struggle divided, we'll
lose our lives in this struggle.
While we, the working class, don't
want any violence. Those losing
power never let   you   net   Dower
without IL Thoy don't want yos
to get strong."
The speaker insisted on thie
necessity of a united front to do
what the conditions required ne
matter whether it looked "undemocratic" or "a bit rough" to
the capitalist class. They had got
to get rid of the other fellow ao
quickly as they could.
The subjection of personal Importance to the common cause waa
thus Insisted on;—
"You cannot be a union man,
No matter how you try,
Unless you think ln terms of W*
Instead of terms of I."
Danoe Saturday.
Don't forget the dance en Saturday night in the Pender Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe Streete.
Good music, a fine floor and every
accommodation. Admission, gents
60c, ladles IBe.
Hand your neighbor this eopy of
Tho Federationist, and' then caU
around next day for a subecriptlor
Patronize Fed Advertisers. "Page four
fourteenth year. no. i   THE-BRIItSH'COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, a a
FRIDAY... Ei
jgbguApy
His first
long suit
(Isn't he a bear?)
THAT proud moment in his life
(is there ever a more thrilling
moment in life's experience?),
when he dons his first long suit I
We know that miit (had it ourselves) and appreciate his happy,
anticipations. Let him see what
we have here for him—with all
the kinks he demands—the VERY
latest—lapels, pockets, vest peaks,
shoulders, trousers, JUST SO.
And in the swankiest of fabrics—
lively as befits the springtime of
life and of the year. Tweeds,
serges—so on.   Prices—
$18 $20 $22.50
HAH. ORDERS
Hend size and shade and
simple description of your
wants. All orders sent express prepaid on receipt
of price.
'Your moneys worth ar your monoy baek
iS49E-ttkn9*I
45-49_Ustings_
Out wu. we above, fill in the amount you are willing to
give to the defense of The Federationist, and forward it
(long with your contribution to the B. 0. Federationlit,
ltd., 842 Pender Btreet West, Vaneonver, B. C. The money
will be needed if adequate defense of the paper is to b*
mad*.
ICKlfOWLEDOMENTS:
Previously acknowledged ....|M6.S_ I    lets' Lodge No. 161 .,.__.     10.90
New Westminster  Machln- |... Total  $875.31
THE EVOLUTION OF MAN
HE meetings in the P. L. P.ftlpns out of which were two new
LETTERS TO
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not neces
■arily endorsed by The Federation
tot. and no responsibility for th.
viewH expressed is accepted by the
Management]
A Criticism
Editor B. C. Federationist: I
have just read a book lent to mo
by a friend, written by a person
named Laut, I believe a woman.
Some of your readers may have
heard of her. From her book I
Judge her to be a hack-writer for
thc owning class. All earth's ills
from her high school economic
point of view seem tn centre in the
abnormally high wage* paid to
Labor.
1 will quote a specimen of her
mud-spring outpouring.1?. Writing
of the fur trade of the world, Bhe
■ays: "Russia may be written off
the map for twenty years. Sable
was becoming scarce before the
war, and the Imperial Government
was. just beginning fur farming
and protective measures when the
Bolf-hevists came ln, where.there
has been a closed season for nothing hut decency. Game laws have
gone by the board. Every hunter
has bcen a law to his own lawlessness. Furs have been looted and
smuggled In a mad orgy, prime and
unprime, sold for a song. It would
not be surprising if hy the time the
Bolshevists finish with Siberia, her
best resources could be written
down nil, as the sea-otter Is already
all hut extinct." etc., etc.
In the flrst place, I would advise
this authoress to keep coot when
,thc sits down to write, which would
prevent her from flying off along
tangents and breaking into fields
of thought and action of which
quite evidently she knows nothing,
and then also perhaps her grammar (note the confusion caused by
the use of the word "where" following Bolshevist--.) and style would
be more correct and lucid.
I hold no brief for thc Bolshevists, but on the other hand, not
being in the pay of the imperialists
I read both sides and try and form
my own opinions upon known facts,
basting prejudioe from my mind,
aa far as I humanly can.
Assuming that the woman wrote
her book from conscientious motives rather than from motives of self-interest and money-
lust, I am asking you to allow me
a little space In which to proffer her
thy |dvice by which I hope she may
add to her knowledge and clear
her mind of the terrible prejudice
which now enshrouds it.
If she will obtain a copy of Soviet
Bussia for January, 1922, she will
flnd there an article by Pierre Pascal,'called "The Ethical Revolution." I advise her to study it
well and seriously. I can assure
her the writer of that article is a
man of deep learning and much
logic, and she may, by a perusal
of it, not merely increase her stock
of genuine knowledge, but alao
materially improve her literary
etyle. I am writing in all kindness,
for whenever she tears herself
away from her screeching nightmare of the Immorally high wages
paid to labor, she exhibits ln isolated passages a literary ability
somewhat above the average capitalistic hack-writer,
I must admit I know nothing of
the mad fur orgy to which she refers, but I think perhaps she uses
the word "orgy" In this connection
a little carelessly, the result of her
violent and Inreasoning rage
agalnBt the Bolshevists. ■
At this point lt may be profitable
to stop and enquire, if it bo not
possible that had the Imperial
Government been able to continue
their fur farming arrangements,
that beneficent power might have
forced the Russian workers atlll
further along the glorious pathway
leading to freedom, light and life.
Possibly the Bolshevists may
have neglected their fur trade during the past few years, and I grant
that is an unpardonable crime
pgainst the God of our authoress,
the great omnipotent One, the Dollar, but it may be that somfe other
god, of whom our authoress has
no conception, may look with approval upon the poor misguided Bol-
t he vista who, while neglectih'g the
fur trade/have striven with heart
and soul to uplift a great nation,
morally and intellectually, and to
crown it with the priceless crown
of true freedom in which the terrible mental bonds of the former
Czardom will be for ever dissipated.
In Soviet Russia of the. same Issue, our great authoress may read
of the "Education of Russia," and
of what the Bolshevists are doing
in that direction in the terrible
land of "fur orgies."
She may also read therein of the
latest researches ln the natural
sciences in that dark land, which
may or may not interest her. She
may learn too, that In that savage
country there are things taking
place far finer than even in her
own Dollar-blessed and Dollar-Inspired civilisation—that there, for
Instance, there Is no need for the
stnglng of Sunday pantomimes to
try and terrify the fiendish peddlers of evil drugs for they have no
need for such exhibitions as they
have no drug traffic.
She may even come to the conclusion that the fur "orgies," if
they are facts and not fancies,
were perpetrated by members of
lies own class, the exploiters of
their fellow men, who have tn
Russia either to work usefully for
a living or resort to illegal,'orgies"
to obtain it, and not by the fierce,
unwashed savages that ln her unenlightened mind atand for the
Bolshevists.
NEMESIS.
The O. V, U. X.
Editor B. C. Federationist: The
Canadian National Service Union of
ex-service men, being composed of
N. V. UNEMPLOYED
MEET AT 126 SECOND STREET WEST
Every Friday, 7.30 p. m.
AU Workers and Their Wives Cordially Invited
Boom Open Every Day for Hen to Meet la
ex-service men only, is not a political party, and is not affiliated with
any orthodox party. Our sole mission is to organise the returned
workers.
Before the war we at least had
a clear idea; we knew our position
and that of our masters. Then
came the war, the great disrupter.
Some of us forgot we were Socialists, some of us in order to procure
the Immediate necessities, and
times being hard, were forced into
the army, and some of us realizing
that the place to preach revolution
to the slaves was where the slaves
were, and remained Socialists even
in the army.
When we returned from our sojourn in Europe, where we had
been learning geography with, our
feet, at the expense of this and
other generations of workers. We
found a general strike In progress
in Vancouver. We were asked to
join the Returned Citizens Law &
Order League. The boss applied a
little of the propaganda which had
been used to get us to France, and
keep us there, aud many returned
men were gulled Into thinking that
in combatting the striking workers
In Vancouver, they were "saving
Canada from anarchy."
Labor made no attempt to organize ue, and if they have any
kick on the returned stiff, for any
action he has or has not taken
they have only got themselves to
blame; and here I might point out
that we appreciate the assistance
wu have had from the various
labor organizations in the city,
while we were still young and short
of funds, and practically parasites
on the labor - movement. Since
then we have organized ourselves;
we have been organized for over
a year, and have branches in six
cities in Canada, and hope in time
to make the C.N.U.X. the greatest
propaganda medium In Canada,
outside of the unemployed organizations.
When we came back from
France, the revolution was an accomplished fact—In Russia. We
looked on Russia as tho advance
guard of the revolution, and adopted the principles of the Russian
Communists, forgetting that what
we had been working for was an
International or Universal Revolution, and that the Russian Revolution was a premature affair. Unfortunately our Russian comrades
have been forced to'retreat in the
face of the organized opposition
of International Capitalism, and
we have been forced to remodel
bur Ideas to something between
what they originally were and
those of the Russian Communists.
But no matter what our own
opinions are we must realize that
in supporting and building up
Russia wo are creating a storehouse for the Workers of the
World, and when we do have an
International upheaval, the. support we receive from Russia will
depend on the support we* five
Russia now.
The C.N.U.X. has at every opportunity taken an active part In
the "everyday struggle" as evidenced by the reports in the dally
presa and the slugging of our members on the streets, no doubt at
the order of those who know when
an organization ls a menace to
them.
We are a branch ef the Ex-service International. Outside of
that we have no other affiliations
and will have none. The boss can
bring about our affiliations by taking action against any worker or
workers of labor organizations, and
as usual we will be right there.
D. GRANT,
flee.  C.N.U.X.
Patronize  Fed   Advertlanra
-*-pH
I  Hall* have again attracted good
* ludiences, and lt ia said that the
debate on Creation vs. Evolution'
has set aome of the Doctors of Divinity to work doctoring their various
theological concepts to conform
with positions which the science of
Evolution haa compelled them to
adopt, since to abandon the agelong basis of their professional
function aa supplicants at the
"throne of the supernatural," would
be more than we could expect.-.
Last Wednesday, Dr. Carry **•
viewed as usual the lesson of the
preceding evening.
He showed that while fossil remains, comparative anatomy, ahd
especially embryology had estah
llshed evolution on a sure foundation, yet the Ideas of the cause; of
change In tho structure of life-
forms had itself gone thrdUgh art
interesting development
The ancient philosophers from
Thales to Lucretius had outlined
many Ideas of Evolution, but they
were based on analogy rather than
positive, science or Inductive reasoning.
Linnaeus was the flrst zoologist
who arranged animal and vegetable forms In order and suggested
relationship.
In 2744, Lamark, a Frenchman,
was born. He boldly set forth the
development theory, hia idea of
changes In structure was that they
were due to use or disuse. For instance, the giraffe developed a long
neck and long forelegs by stretching* up for foliage on which he fed,
and the snakes lost their legs by
disuse. He also taught that the
effects of disuse or use of organs
were transmitted to offspring. This
idea has split the biological world
since Weismann repudiated It In his
famous "germ plasm" theory.
In 1854 Darwin published "The
Origin of Species."    This with the
Descent  of  Man,"   produced   the
revolution In biology suggested by
others which came before.
Darwin repudiated the idea that
uae or disuse could account for the
various life forms and his "natural
selection' 'hypothesis together- with
spontaneous variation, he suggested
ls the rock on which modern biology rests,
His proposition Is that in the
struggle for existence, those forms
best adapted to meet changing conditions survive,- while the othors,
through natural selection, perish.
Lamark had said that the giraffe
had developed a long neck by
stretching for food; Darwin said
that the longer necked animal was
able to procure food, and bo survived, while the short-necked ones
died out, and variation always present caused ln time, the present
giraffe to develop his long neck; not
by use, but by survival of the fittest in the struggle to live. Darwin illustrated his theory by showing what breeders of pigeons and
dogs have done within a few generations in developing the various
shaped dogs whose ancestors were
originally wolves and of creating
so many divergent pigeons, whose
ancestors were not so long ago the
common rock-dove.
In 1883 Weinman advanced his
famous theory of heredity, denying
the claims that acquired tendencies
could be transmitted to offeprlng.
Hie apparently proved that heredity
ls purely the function of the germ
cell, the ova of the female And the
contribution of the male and that
the other cells of the body have
no power In perpetuating acquired
tendencies to offspring.
It was formerly felt that, a cat,
for Instance, having its tall-out off,
might have kittens minus this organ, and that the camel'*, hump
was due to carrying loads.
Weismann shows that variations
producing new forms is alone
through the union of the male and
female germ-plasm, and through
this, continuity of heredity proceeds and variations held or discarded by natural selection or survival goes on.
De Vrtcs Evolution by Mutation
But what proof have we that life
forms do change? "Natural selection Is but a sieve to eliminate
the flt. What about the arrival of
the fittest?"
Weismann supplies this missing
link of evolution.     '
It was the famous Evening Primrose which supplied DeVries with
the clue. In running wild, this
American Importation had, near
Amsterdam, developed spontaneously after ten years, forms ricog-
nlzed aa new species, and'under experimental conditions for 13 years,
he observed in eight firmer at lone no
less than  800 mutation!-  nr vnrJa-
elementary species of primrose,
But they are not always changing.
"All facts," he says, "point to tho
conclusion that these periods of
stability and mutability alternate
more or less regularly with one another. " There is therefore no longer in evolution anything to upset
the idea of social revolution, even
if the burgeoise overthrow of the
Feudal system was not considered,
or even.if biology could force to
prove what might take place ln the
realm of human society..
The Law of Social Evolution
Dr. Curry then took up the law
of social development, formulated
by Marx and Engels In the Communist manifesto, published in 1848,
which did for sociology what Darwin did for biology. He declared
that every Labor propagandist, and
every student of Socialism, should
not only memorize this, but should
apply it to past,ahd current history.
As Darwin and Wallace both independently formulated the law of
natural selections, so Marx and En.
gels at the same time worked out
the law of economic determinism,
Which ts as follows: "In every historical epoch,-the prevailing mode
of economic production and ex-
hange form the basis from which Is
built up the political and intellectual history of that epoch."
This was illustrated by the speak-
', and was declared to be the
foundation, on which scientific Socialism must rest, and without this
understanding, social revolt against
oppression would become a mad
torrent, a consuming flame, which
would bring in its wake destruction
and death, instead of the. fuller lite
of the Co-operative Commonwealth.
Lumber Workers
Hear George Hardy
(Continued from page 1)
was formed. He pointed out that
it was the mission bf this organisation to bring together all progressive elements in the Industrial
labor movement, but that nowhere
ln the world could such a gathering be held but In Moscow, whtch
was. in control of the proletariat.
Not Disruptive
Referring to the work of the
Red International, he stated, that
literature goes to all parts of the
world, and when the workers came
to an understanding of. the failures
of the Amsterdam, or yellow international, they would work for affiliation with the progressive organisation, and for this reason lt was
not necessary to bore from within
the yellow organisation, but as the
class consciousness of the workers
grew, bo they would go over to a
more efficient organisation. A disruptive movement was not however sought, but a combination of
the workers on an International
basis was desired.
Referring to the idea held by
some people that the Red International was but a kite to the Third
International, he pointed out that
while each organisation was represented at the conferences of the
respective organisations, yet the
officials of the Third recogniae
that the' question of politics and
economics cannot be separated
but that the industrial movement
must be built up alongside the political movement, and that only by
a united front on the part of labor
could tne objective be achieved.
He pointed out that contract did
not mean subjection, but collora-
bration and cooperation, not affiliation or domination.
Unity Desired
After icoring Geo. Williams of
the I. W. W. and G. Cascadden for
their attitude towarda the Red International, and stating that they
had aald In their reports that
which they did not say at Moscow
the speaker quoted from the Bulletins of the Red International to
show that the workers of each
country were not expected to all
act on exactly the same lines, one
quotation read waa as follows: "If
any country adopts another form
of concerted force alignment,
neither the Comintern (of the
Third) nor the Labor Union International will have any objection,
provided unity of action Is secured." ' He asked his hearers lf
this was domination and again
stated that it wae not domination
which was sought but unltv on the
The Fundamental Tasks
of the International
Trade Union Movement
(Continued from page 2)
the revolutionary unionist consists
in making the practical questions
of the overy day struggle the_starting point for tlie creation of a
united front; that the decision may
bb not only along Lhe lines of the
elans war in general, but along the
lines of a revolutionary defense
against the attacks of capital, of a
struggle for social-reforms which
are being withdrawn, in short, that
the attention of'the working masses
must he centered on ihe question,
how to beat back the attack of their
enemy, making at the same time
preparations for a counter-attack.
And finally, the fourth .question,
that of-the-Inter-relation!} between
the Trade Union International nnd
the Communist International. The
trade, union movement can only becomo truly international if it becomes a Communist movement, for
the Labor movoment becomes International in spirit, In character,
in the methods of the struggle, and
In the solution of all problems only
when it becomes Communistic, and
when * becomes Communistic in
spirit it cannot remain outside the
Communistic International. Thus,
the logic of the development of the
union movement Is prompting it to
create a truly.international directing centre which Is Imbued with
Communism. We must bring lt to'
confluence with the great Communist stream and create a single International embracing the whole
Labor movement. The Trade
Union International and the Communist International are not parallel organizations never meeting on
common ground. On the contrary,
they are interwoven threads, they
have common interests which find
expression In a single International. When the actual fusion of these
two Internationals, related in Bpirit
and programme, will take place, no
one can tell. The Labor movement
of all countries must rid itself of
many prejudices not only of a reformist but of a certain kind of a
revolutionary character as welt.
The main prejudice Is ln the drawing of a line between politics and
economics, the attempts to isolate
the trade union from the political
parties of the proletariat, the desire to bring bad blood between
the two, but these prejudices will
of course die out. Only the growth
of the revolutionary movement
everywhere, the Intensification of
the struggle against the bourgeoisie,
the absolute necessity of concentrating all the forces ot the proletariat against its class enemies, will
cure the Labor movement of the
reformist diseases and a number
of Infantile sicknesses of leftism.
Viewing jhe development of the
union movement from the end of
thd 19th century to this day we see
what a tremendous step forward lt
haa made. From a subjective point
of view, It Is a very slow process,
but from a historical standpoint the
working clasB has bcen moving by
leaps and bounds and ls approaching the final goal with accelerated
speed-- Aa this movement forges
ahead, and the conflicts become
more Intensified, the basic problems
of the international union movement flnd their own solution. Intolerable as the present situation
is, heavy as the burden weighing
upon the shoulders of the working
class may be, whatever the psychological effect of this pressure of
International capitalism on the
minds of the tollers, we have all
reason to look optimistically into
the future. The wounds received
by Labor during the war are beginning to heal, National limitations are beginning to break down,
the Amsterdam International is be-
ginning to lose ground, the perquisites for a truly international
federation aro being created. The
old union movement Ib dying slowly, but surely, and Its place ls being taken by the new revolutionary,
class-conscious union movement.
The Amsterdam Internationa) Is
on the downward path, and on Its
heels, taking position after position, the Red Lahor Union International forges relentlessly ahead.
They look here
—Then look elsewhere—then come
back—and here they BUY
Mere words and advertising space,  shouting  bargains,
may get people iii tlie store, but if thc suits are simply a
lot of odds and ends, people look—that's all.   We run no
saleB of this kind,   i)ut we do show you the largest and ,
best values in Men's Suits to be found in Vancouver.
$19.00, $23.00, $27.00, $33.50, $37.50
All Suits Guaranteed
conusor clothes
137 Hastings Street W
D. K. BOOK LTD.
NOTICE
Next Sunday, at 8 p.m.
'HUS S, P. OF O. Willi. BE AT THE
STAR THEATRE
MAIN STREET NORTH
Speaker: W. A. PRITCHARD
Subject:  "THE LESSON OP MARXISM"
QUESTIONS AND DISCUSSION
SCOTCH SOCIAL
AND DANCE
PENDER HALL, 804 Pender St W.
FRIDAY, FEB. 24
8 to 12 p.m.
IN AID OF BUSSIAN FAMINE SUFFERERS
Step Dancing, Songs and Instrumental Numbers
Admission:   Oenti, 50c; Ladie?. 25c
Interna UoualiHiu
The moat notable feature of a
disturbance in your city last Rummer, was the hanging .of some
working people. It ahould never
be no. The strongest bond of sympathy, outside of the family relation, should be one uniting all work,
ing people, of all nations, and
tongue* and kindreds."—To Workingmen'a Association, 1864.
London—That the imprisoned
Moscow Mensheviks, threatened
with deportation to the Ukraine,
are hunger striking in consequence
is ofllclally denied by tho Russian
trade delegation here. The 84 persons concerned, they state, are to
be expelled from Moscow, not on
account of their political opinions,
but bocai.se of counter-revolutionary activities. Thoy are given the
choico of nettlhig In certain towns
ln Europeim Russia, or of leaving
tho country at the government's expo use.
pari of the world's working class.
Dealing with the International's
attitude to the Canadian and American movements he stated that
the policy would be to unite those
organisations outside of the A, F.
of h, which were operating in one
Industrial field, and that where a
majority organisation existed it
would be supported, and that some
day the craft organizations must
give way to Industrial form af organization, and that the progressive forces in the U. S, would act
as did the Red International towards the Amsterdam organization.
He concluded hts remark on the
Red International by stating that
what was aimed at was general
solidarity Instead of division and
that In order to accomplish this
end the progressives must understand the tendencies ln the working class movement, and .to show
why these tendencies and movements exist.
Before resuming his seat, the
speaker pointod out that the Lumberworkers. had afforded him an
opportunity to make an appeal for
aid for the Famine Sufferers of the
Volga regions and ho took advantage of It and made a stirring and
eloquent appeal, and when the collection was taken and counted lt
wn« found that $156 had been contributed the balance of which,
after expenses In connection with
the meeting are paid'will go to the
fitmlnn jinfferers.
iii«inm__iml i n mm «Mt-.».>"».-_->i-»——■■_nnmi-f»-*»-ii.l->»em»>n»if*j
Meetings in O.B.U. Hali
804 PENDER STREET WEST
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY-Workers' Party, I'p-ffi-
TUESDAY—Friends of Soviet Russia
WEDNESDAY-Workers' Party.
SATURDAY-Dance, 9 to 12.
■—« ■■«■■» i|.run t.mnii« i i»m
ii.tii|iiiii|ln«»iiin_tli»i».|ii».>inl_iiia ii ii|„H
World News in Brief Paragraphs
New Tork.—High rents are the'
cause of more poverty and suffering In New Tork City than any
other one evil except unemployment, according to the annual report of the Charity Organization
Society, the organisation which exercises a sort of supervision over
all the "charitable" associations
here.
Seattle.—Leon Trotzky's son is a
barefoot boy in Russia, according
to Hulet M. Wells, who recently
returned from the Moscow Congress of the Trade Union Interna*
tlonal. Young Trotsky is on the
same footing frith the millions of
other Russian lads, no privileges ur
favors being allowed by his father.
Seattle.—Membors of the Unemployed Veterans' Association
are seated now as fraternal delegates to the Workers' Unemployment Council. The council stands
for the six-hour day in industry,
opening of vacant office buildings
as shelters and compensation payments from the national government to those workers Industry
cannot absorb.
Chicago—A 20 per cent, cut ln
rents May 1 is the programme of
the Chicago Tenants Protective
League, as announced by K. A.
Potter, business manager. Potter
declares that sinco everything else
has come down In price, salaries
and wages most of ult, rents must
follow suit. The league haB drawn
up a form letter for tenants to
landlords giving notice of willingness to renew' leases at 20 per cent.
below the present figures.
London—A relief organization ln
this country, chiefly run by Quakers, is endeavoring to bring over
famine children from Russia for
hospitality in this oountry. The
Russian, Swedish,. Finnish and
Norwegian governments haVe made
offers of help for the Journey, Various philanthropic organizations
in these countries have arranged
to feed and escort the children—
and the Home Secretary, Mr. Shortt
will not allow them to enter the
country.
(By The Federated Press)
New York.—"The Idea back of
the. propaganda against the Russian relief agencies," said Captain
Paxton HIbben, a member of the
Near East Relief Commission, re
cently returned from Russf
"seems to be to brand every mil
or woman In the United Statl
who dares to try to savo ft starl
ing child in Russia otherwise th.f
through the American Relief a!
ministration as a 'red* or an assoj
late of 'reds.'!'
HIbben    declared    emphaticalj
that the resources of the Americi
Relief Administration are not sufj
dent to feed oil   those   who
starving in the Volga famine dl|
tricts.
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
The greatest assistance that |l|
readers of The Federatlonist o
render bs at this time, la by seen
Ing a new subscriber. By doing i
you .spread the news of the worij
Ing class movement and assist
What   about   your    nelghboj
subscription?
EVERY READER CAN HELP
Every reader of The Federatlonist ean render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as they are due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It dow not take much
effort to do this.   Try It,
Buy at a union store
Constipation1
Its Cause
Its Effect
Its Cure
WHAT IT LEADS TO IP
DELAYED
Fully Explained by
Dr. W. Lee Holder
THE SANIPKAOTIO
PHYSICIAN
tl FAIKFIELD IILDO.
Sey. 8538      Vancouver, B.O.
Watch Repairing!
A. A. STENHOUSEl
JEWELLEB
il, POM-OVA ST. WEST
Eureka Tea Co.]
•07 DOKSHUia  STEMS!
hM huM CoSM Btly
*«• ud o»Bm 9 IU, to «1 ul op. j

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
https://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.bcfed.1-0345329/manifest

Comment

Related Items