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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 11, 1919

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(%»"tTol") $1,50 PER YEAR
Endorses the One Big Union
and the Six-hour
Hospital and Street Railway Questions Are
Dealt With
At the regular meeting of the Trades
Ud Labor Council last night many mat*
Urs of importune* were dealt with, in-
■hiding the referendum for tke One
Kg Union and the six-hour day. While
lho council will sot have a voto on
these questions, it was decided, on
recommendation of the exocutive, thut
the council should go ou record on
ttflse questions. Both proposals wore
•adorned by overwhelming majorities.
A eonimuaioation from H. Buker ro
the South Vancouver soldiers' memoriul
was referred to the delegates of tho
differont unions for roport to tlieir organizations. A request from St. John 'a
Church Brothorhood for two delegntcs
to bo sent to thc meeting on Sunday
was received, and Dols. Smith and Mc-'
Donnoil were appointed. The sleeping
tar porters, who havo recently organized, applied by letter for affiliation. Tho
blotter was referred to the socrotary.
Bufljiem Agent's .Beport
Business AgMit Midgloy reported
that he had endeavored to get the
.-affiliation of the Railway Carmen, and
would attend tho next mooting of this
local. He also reported on tho Empress
Theatre meoting, and on a meeting
thnt had been hold between the representatives of labor, and the returned
men's organizations, and that a public
meeting would be arranged for, probably in the Avenue Theatre.
Beport ou General Hospital
The committee appointed to enquire
Into thc conditions as to labor, etc., at
the General Hospital, reported. The
#om m i I tee in a lengthy report dealt
with many ih attars, and referred to the
•onstitution of tho hospital board, and
that it was necessary for anyone-to be
appointed to tho board that they pay a
foo of ten dollars per year, or a hundred dollars, whieh entitles the doflator
to a1 lifo membership. This the com-
, juitteo objocted to, and -stated that
labor should bc represented on the
board, as duo to the Compensation Act
commission paying money to this institution for thc tnoatment of workers, the
workors should have their interest*
safeguarded. Tho eommiUee stated
that they were of the opinion that the
activity of the council in the matter
kad had an influence on the hours of
labor for nurses and orderlies, and considerable reform was noticeable in this
respect. Tho committee also referred
to the seed for more accommodation,
and recommended that a commission be
-appointed to enquire into the wholo
Question of public health. The report
of the committee was adoptod with a
vote of appreciation of the manner in
whieh the work had been carried out,
-tnd tho recommendation adoptod.
Street Railway Troubles
*Wic committoe appointed to go into
the question of the trouble between thc
•treet railwaymen, reported that they
kad sat all day, ami urged a better
-Spirit be shown between the men, and
recommended that a vote on tho swing
shift be taken, only those members being affected to vote on tho question. In
the event of tho swing shift being
adepted, Ue committeo recommended
that a committae be appointed to draw
up a plan or plans to be submitted to
lbe membership, the seniority rule as
to employment to remain in force. The
report and the recommendations wero
The committee on the Oreat Northorn Railway car cleaners' trouble ro-
ported that as the men who had quit
woald not return to work at the old
rates, as they had found other, employment, tbat there was no use in going
on with the blatter. The council, howover, decided that in view of the fact
that tho committee had net seen tho
men in -question who had quit, that the
co-mini! toe continue, nnd sec the men,
and make a further report, as it was
aat wise to allow any general attempt
to reduce wage*-*
Machinists and tho 0. B. U.
Delegato McDonnell of the Machinists, reported that while a report had
■geared in the press to the effoct that
tho District Couneil of the machinists'
organisation was opposed to the 0. B.
V., that his loeal, with over SSO members, hnd called a meeting immediately
after the Western Conference, and that
there wero at that meeting some three
hundred or more members, and only
seven had voted against the proposal;
»!nn that Lodge 777 had repudiated the
action of tho District Council.
Tho Boilermakers roported that thoir
loeal had voted $100 to tho central committeo oi thc 0. B, U. Thc Loggers reported that they had voted +200 and
Iroud give more if necessary.
Th notices of motion as to tho amendments to the constitution were again
Hften up, tho one providing for the en-
trasoe of bona fide labor organisations
•ther thnn those affiliated with the
A. P. of L. wan read a third timo aad
idopted.. The amendment removing
lho reatriotien on the voting of money
tyer $60 without a notice of motion
vas read a second time.
The 0. B. V.
The referendum call on the 0. B. U.
was then read, and the council endorsed
Ihe proposal by an overwhelming vote,
without debate. The call for the six-
hour day referendum caused some little
discussion. Sol.,Wilkinson took tho
itand that it was impracticable, and
that tho general strike clause was the
only real issuo, and that he did net
think that in the face of a falling
labor market that a general strike
could be pulled off. Dol. Kavanagh
stated that tbo question raised by Del.
Wilkinson wae logical from the economic standpoint, but in view of the
•hanged psychology of the workers,
ind their consciousness of their
strength, and -ho because their noeds,
and tbat as a temporary expedient fur
the workers it was essential. He also
statod that tho soldiers had not fought
to Maud in tho bread line, and if thc
ruling elass would not grant this expedient to relieve the unemployed sit-
cation that was hound to arise, that the
Subjectl I. Sunday Evening
Will 11."When Labor
Caputs the State"
The llght-i _\ Bnings are not as yet
affecting the ** 4ay gatherings at the
Royal Theat' ttMext Sunday Dr. Curry will be th usaker, with Mr. C. S.
Cassldy as o   Jgban.
Mr. J. S. W eo worth will have two
meetings on uie Island on Sunday,
and Chas. Lestor will speak at New
The committee in charge of the
school have decided that after April
20th this part of the F. U P. activities
will be suspended until October comes
again. Therefore there will be only
two more sessions of the Labor school
tbis season.
The North Vancouver committee,
which has been managing the Sunday
afternoon meetings tbere, hav*. arrived
at tbe same conclusion, arid last Sunday was their last indoor Sunday afternoon meeting. Thoy purpose holding
outdoor gatherings, of which due notice will be given. An Interesting
evening was spent ln the K. of P. hall
last Wedn-?sday, when Mr. Chas. Lestor gave a lecture on "Shakespeare
and Revolution." On April 30th the
ladies of the North Vancouver branch
are organizing a whist drive and so*
clal, when they hope to have a gathering of the "clan" from the various
ehoillngs of Greator Vancouver,
Two successful meetings were held
last Sunday by the Powell; River
branch, when Mr. Woodsworth visited
the northern town as their guest.
Organiaor Stirling bas had a successful trip around the Crows Nest and
Nelson district, and Is finishing up his
latest trip with a meeting in Revelstoke on Saturday this week. Several
new branches have boen organized. At
the Fernie meeting there were present the "agents provocateur," who had
followed Organizer McKenzie of the
Loggers' Union from Cranbrook witb
a view, undoubtedly, of continuing
their "work." ^Something in tlie Fernle situation provided a different sequel to that of Cranbrook; anyhow Organizer McKenzie*spoke along with
Stirling at the Federated Labor Party
meeting without "incident."
Mass Meeting on tbe 0. B. TJ.
A mass meeting of wago earners will
be held on Pun dny afternoon at the
Edison Theatre, Now Westminster, for
tho purpose of discussing the 0. B. TJ.
proposition. Tho meeting is to be under tho auspices of the Trades Couneil. Tho meeting will commence at 9
p.m. sharp.
Plumbers and Steamfltters
Several members of the Plumbers
and steam litters arc on the sick list,
and, whilo trado is improving, there aro
still several members out of work.
responsibility would bo ou its own
Tho question of* tho manner of taking the ballot was raised by Del. Cassidy, who pointed out that the mon not
voting would bo coun tod in thc affirmative. Del. Wells replied by stating
that sufficient ballots were being supplied by the B. C. Fedoration of Labor
for ovory member of the affiliated
locals, and that each momber should
bo supplied with them, and that it was
thc intention of many locals to see that
overy member had a ballot, and that
this was a matter that was left to tho
locals. He also stated that it was to
get out a good vote that this method
waa adopted. The council endorsed the
proposal after some littlo debate, with
Del. Wilkinson asking to be recordod
as voting nay.
Del. Levy raised tho question of the
liuiitatjpns of the minimum wago act
and lho, violations, and introduced the
following resolution:
".That this council is of the opinion
that every girl working in a store,
plant or factory should receive a wage
adequato to 'supply the necessary cost
of living' entirely independent of help
from other sources, and that the number of young girls employed to adults
should be strictly limited, and their
hours of labor shorter; and this council
firing further emphatically of tho opinion that the scalo of wages fixed by
tho Minimum Wage Board for girls undor 18 years, without any conditions
attachod, or limitation of hours, is
wholly inadequate and not for thc welfare of the girls, demands the withdrawal of those wago scales, and
pledges itself to do ail in its power
to give offect to tliis demand.
"That a copy of this resolution bo
forwarded to the chairman of tbe
Minimum Wage Board."
Thc scat of Del, Hardy on thc executive was declared vacant, and Del.
McDonnell of the machinists was elected by acclamation to the position. The
council adjourned after a busy session
at 10.15.
■ ■ lull iii i im-iii.-»iiin.i*i i i immune
General Teamsters',
Chauffeurs'& Warehousemen's Union
Amalgamation.    -
Whist Drive
and Dance
(Holden's Orchestra)
Tickets $1 per couple
A  Party   Conscious  Man
Is  Not   Class
Comrado Lestor wasn't in the mood
for mincing matters when he addressed
tho Royal crowd on Sunday night as
"Comrades and friends of tho Bourgeoisie." He spent tho first ten minutes
or so in giving fair warning to the
"friends" aforesaid-that "sooner or
later it will'come to a show-down,"
that'' the forces of progress will meet
the forces of reaction," that "tho fight
has begun and it will be fought to a
finish." And then, thoso who would
discriminate against individuals "had
bettor look out." Tho day of tho proletariat was at hand, and it was up to
them to soo that "justico" was done
when the time catne. If he were still
alive, his voico would be raised to that
end. In particular, ho remembered a
certain officer who had fallen foul of
him at Prince Ruport ,and observed significantly, "When this thing is over, if
I find him—"
Tho rest was drowned in a tumult of
applause. "Over us," ho continued,
"a club is hold—to reduce us to the
lowest degradation of slavory. But wo
are not going back to thc old conditions; wo aro going forward to something bettor than tho world has ever
Communism, according to tho antho-
poligist Morgan and others, had.boon
carried on during a period variously estimated at from 90,000 to 500,000 years
—"anyhow, a long, long timo." During that period, peoplo knew nothing
about wages or moster-and-slave; and
there was no such thing as "work."
Thoy just fed themselves; that'was all.
And it was remarked that "all tho
great inventions como from that age."
Tho potter's wheel, boat, and stencil-
plate, "alt come from the brains of our
communist forefathers." «
Tho evolutionary process was "from
unity, through division, to unity again
on a higher plane." Human Bociety
had passed from communism through
thc various differentiations of chattel-
elavery, feudalism, etc., and all the-
forces of the universe were now working towards communism on a higher
plane. "Wo cannot oppose that; we
have to accept it." Those who under-,
stood tho forces in operation worked in
tuno with them,
Tho striking advance of Bolshevism,
in spito of the peaco conference or anything elso, was an evidence of the trend
of ovents. They would bo better organized, and ablo to accomplish more
in tho field, than all tho forces sent
against them. They had only to hold
their prisoners-a few weeks, to let them
see what Bolshevism really meant, and
then "take them back to their own
linos aud turn them loose!" (Laughter.) Thcir propaganda was irresistible; no wonder the censorship was used
to keep them from spreading the truth.
As to President Wilson "recognizing"
them, it wos quite possible that they
might rofuBe to recognize himl (Laugh-
tor und loud applause.)
With regard to the "fraternal greetings" sent to them from tho workers at
Calgary, against which "about 00 or 70
men in the Great War Veterans Association" protested, thc speaker pointed
out that tho British government had
never yet declared war on the Bolsheviki. "Theu why not send them fraternal greetings," he askedt Labor in
Britain, now enforcing its demands irresistibly through a '' triple alliance,''
had protested against the "undeclared
war" in Bussia, as intended to crush
tho government of the poople in that
country. The expedition into Russia
was "for plunder, puro and simple,"
and had no justification whatever. (Renewed applause.)
Tho speaker proceeded to show how,
on different occasions, thc ruling, class
governments had handed over political
prisoners to each othor to bo tortured,
and declared, "This thing is about to
come to un end. Whether wc havo
bloodshed or no, the new order of society is coming into boing." Ho added
that, "new systems are not tho outcome of any inuVs brain; they are
The noxt portion of the address was
along tho lines of biology, explaining
why a baby clings and a boy goes fishing, A sane educational system, he remarked, would follow nuture's lend;
whereas tho presont system simply produced "educated nnimnls, trained to dft
certain tricks in thc shipyards and
other places." He thanked tho Lord
ho hud "never had a university degradation."   (Laughter.)
Coming to the "O. B, U." ho remarked, "I suppose you want me to
say a few words about that." First
and foremost, he insisted "the whole
Lnbor movement is one." The distinctions and classifications were only mental. He had never been great on parties; but had found tbnt the more
wparty conscious" a man was, tho leas
"class conscious" he was. (Applause.)
Thc function of unionism was akin to
that of thc "plaeeutu," in whieh the
"foetus" of a mammal was contained;
it received uny blow aimed against labor. What had recently happened at
Calgary was "a sign of life" in "the
thing about to be born." It wus due
to the fact that thc organizations of
the Sammy Qdmpcrs type had been u.-ed
in thc interests of the capitalist class.
(Applause.) However, neither industrial unionism nor craft unionism could
improve tho condition of the working
clans or prevent it Xrom growing still
wowe. People no longer demanded the
right, to work, but the right to live.
1' Work never brought the working-
class anything but tired bones, und
never will." Tho workers could build
up a mighty political organization, und
muke tho rulers "come through."
Thc speaker's peroration wus an Impassioned appeal for "life." Jo4wSAad
said that He came that they might* ave
lifo, and have it "more abundantly;"
the speaker declared that Jesus was "a
sensiblo .man." Thc first thing He did
was to chango water into wine. (Loud
applause.) Life was the primary thing;
machinery was only a means thereto.
Yet "an infernal gang of thieves at
Ottawa" .denied tho people access to
the things of life, except under exploitation. Existence was made such a
misery for tho workers that, "except
for children running round we should
ull go mad." Away with the whole
business. "Bid absolute defiance io
the capitalist chss of this country; capture political pover and build for our
own ideals. Thon ho life that is lifo
will be there for us all." Prolonged
Astatic Crews Anr Mach Cheaper Than
Ahe Thoae of British
There are no it\\_ men here, at leaat
not very man^^lBBwt-'Six thousand in
the Vnncouver distriet. That, however,
is not many, but it is evidently enough'
to- lower the wages-, of seamen. Tho
wagea for firemen and- oilers here is $90
per montb. The men employed in these
occupations are paid in Groat Britain
♦75 per month. The War Convoy, one
of the local built ships, which will sail
under thc Canadian Hag, is not ..to be
manned by Britiah labor, as that particular variety costs more than does
the Asiatics, and word has been received to ship a'crew of Chinese fire-
men and oilers. This no doubt will be
pleasant roading to tho returned men
out of a job, and will give them an interesting study asto y hat will be their
position is the "xWWfuture. Onee again
"Blittnnia Lule» the W»vm."
'Blittania Lideo the Waves.'
A. McKenzie and J. Vincent
Will Deal With Live
That tbe warfcefs of Vancouver n-
allze the necessity for aquiring an education along the lines of Scientific Socialism, Is evMoneed by the Crowds
that turn out every Sunday night to
hear the speakers of tbe Socialist
Party of Canada at the Empress Theatre. The future belongs to the work-
Ing class. They' and they only can
solve the problems arising to-day. To
attack these problems intelligently It
is necessary to understand the social
structure of society as at present constituted. To explain these things is
the function of Uie Socialist Party of
Canada, to acquire ft knowledge of
tbem Is the duty of every member of
the working class.
There are two speakers next Sunday. Doors open 7.30 p.m.; meeting
called to order 8 p.m. sharp. Questions and discussion following the
speakers' addresses.
The 0. B. IT. WUl Bo Discussed at the
Pantages Theatre on
The committfl^iabpointed by, tho Victoria Trades and^pflwr Council to carry on propaganda in connection with
tno One Big Union, haB arranged for a
mass meeting on Sunday afternoon.
Tho Pantages Theatre has been arranged for, and t-vie ohair will be taken
at 2.30 p.m. Bhfl^J)j_JE^StevenBon. J.
Kavanagh-WiU-"tie the principal speaker, Tho Shipyard Laborers Band will
bo in attendance, and will render several selections beforo the meeting commences.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs Union
Members aro reminded that next
Thursday will be tho day of tho amalgamation dance of the Warehousemen
nnd Teumsters to bo held at Lester
Court, as the next day is a holiday. All
members are asked to attend. Oet your
tickets early. The ballots for the referendum vote on the One Big Union will
bo issued next week after the mass
nieeting on Sunday and all members
not receiving a ballot should turn in
thcir addresses lo tho office, as ballots
will only bo mailed to members whoso
addresses are on record in the office.
What about the man delivering your
milk; does ho carry a card?'
Engineers Local
Beveral new-ffiembers were accepted
and initiated at the last business meeting of Locnl 620. A very interesting
discussion took place "on the question
of the One Big Union, and judging by
tho tone of the.discussion it would
seem as though it would have to bo
One Big Union, or no union at all.
Business Agent "W. A. Alexander would
appreciate it if members living out of
tho city would co-operato with him in
striving to plaoe unemployed members
into positions. Any member knowing
of an oponing for an engineer is requested to send in the information
without delay.
Carpenten Idle
Whilo the carpenters' trade is improving there is still a large number of
men unemployed.
SUNDAY, Afril 13—teamsters
aud Chauffeurs (3 p.m.), Musicians, Sawyers and Filers, Raw
Pilers' AM-me iat inn, Canadian
Brothorhood of Railway Employees.
MONDAY, April H—Boilermakers, Steam Engineers, Amalgamated Engineers, Patternmakers, Upholsterers, Ironworkers,
Bakery Salesmen, U. B. Carpenters No. 617.
TUESDAY, April 15—Brewery
Workers, Butchers and Moat
WEDNESDAY, April 16—Bookbinders, Amalgamated Carpenters, Gas Workers, Boilermakers' Efafthlrng-Bonrd, Hotel
and Bestaurant Employoes,
Metal Trades..Council.
THUBSDAY, April 37—Trades
and Labor Couneil, Domestic
Home Workers, Foundry Workers, Mqjntfiiaarc of Wimiien,
Painters, Machinists Ladies
FBIDAY, April 18—Granite Cutters, Bailway Carmen, Pile
Drivers and Wooden Bridge-
men, Boilermakers' Executive,
Molders, Civic Employees, City
Hall Employees,
SATURDAY,    April    19—Blaek-
Society   Evolved   as   the
Tools of Production
On Sunday evening last tbe Socialist
Party ot Canada held a well attended
propaganda meeting in the Empress
Theatre, at which Messrs. A. Sinclair
and J. Smith were the speakers, with
Malkin Smith in the chair.
In opening his address Comrade Sinclair stated that the Socialist doctrine
was ot such a nature that It did not
permit ot professional speakers. The
field ot propanganda for this doctrine
Is the working class, and it Is up to
the working class themselves to flght
out the question. There was one point
thb speaker wanted to give particular
Importance to. He remembered, when
at school, his teacher once went into
an explanation of the 5th proposition
ln Euclid, after which he asked him
Why this proposition was so; ln reply
to which question he told the teacher
that he had ]UBt said so. The teacher
was very disappointed and vexed to
think tbat, after going to great pains
to give a thorough explanation of the
proposition, this was all the answer
he could get. The speaker pointed out
that nothing was so because any men
said so. Nothing exists without a reason. We have been telling the working class this fact for years and It is
up to the working class, not to accept
what the Socialist says because he
says it, but to lind out the facts for
themselves. Everything Is in a continual state of change. It is part of a
universal process of evolution. From
nebula gradually evolved tbe world, or
solar system. Prom the world gradually evolved organic life, suitable to
the conditions which gave it birth- As
tke»conditions change, so the forms of
life change. Primitive man evolved
from the lower forms of life. He also
continued to evolve. He flrst discovered the utility of the club. He found
it was more easy to kill and to defend himself with the aid of a club
than with his bare hands. From this
crude weapon evolved the hand tool.
At this time there was no slavery,
hut with tho development of the
tool, man found he could produce
more than be himself needed In order
to live, so that slavory ln its early
stages became possible. Mr. Sinclair
proceeded to give a brief sketch of the
development of the. tool from the simple form to the complex and showed
that the different forms of society developed as the tool developed. Chattel
slavery came Into existence, then Feudalism and Anally the Capitalistic
form of society which has developed '
to what lt Is at the prosent day. A
Bociety, ln which one small class own
and control the tools of production,
and a large slave class are compelled
to sell their labor power lh order to
have access to tbe means of life. Out
of the conditions of Capitalistic Society arose the Socialist doctrine. Out
of these conditions grew trades
unions. These unions are liable to
change like everything else. It is not
what a man knows that determines
how he shall live, but the conditions
ho finds himself subject to. It Is now
apparent on overy hand that Capital-
Ism has reached its zenith. The form
of society will chnnge just as surely
as history proves to us that past
forms of society have been replaced.
Comrade Smith, in enlarging on
Comrade Sinclair's statement that
everything was ln a state of change,
pointed out that although this was so,
we had purposely been taught differently at school. We were taught that
some infinite being came along and
created the world out of nothing. He
said that slanderous statements in the
press bad sugested to him the nature
of his talk. It seemed to be the mission in life of certain people to endeavour to keep thc old concept in
existonce. They tell us that morality
has gono in Russia; that the women
there are nationalised, they are the
property of the slate. We wero taught
at school that Eve was made particularly for Adam and that thc female
should take the subordinate position,
This story has been remodelled bo
that lt suits modern capitalism admlr-
nby. We must understand, In taking
a survey of the history of woman,
that as everything else has changed,
the toioral concepts of any society ure
but the reflex of the economic condi*
tlons ln existence at the period. Eai ly
forms of sex relationship show that a
man selected his mate or mates from
among his relatives. It Ib scientifically proven that near breeding is
detrimental to tho race. Properly
came and as property grew, the nmlo,
being the ngrcsoor, most of the property gathered around tho male of the
species. Marriage relations changed
Willi the growth of property. Thc
monognmle form of marriago enmo
into existence, and this had un economlo basis. Uy having only one wife
a man found it wns easier fer bim to
definitely fix tho ownership of his
In dealing further with Ihe woman
under capitalistic society Ihe speaker
referred to Professor llongor's book
and showed thnt prostitutes Invariably
came from the working c!:*(*s, who are
slaves lo an economic system. Under
Capitalism both tho male and the female nre divorced from property.
They have nothing to aell but their
labor power, and when thc woman Is
unfortunately separated from the tools
of production, the market having no
demand for her lnbor powor, It Is out
of those condltionp, as n (,-e:ieral rule,
that proBtltutes nro developed. Prostitution is one or tho ovil fruits of a
slave system. Comrade Smilli advised
his readers to read the work by Professor Bongor to which ho had made
reference, lt could be found in Ihe
public library mid tlio Socl-llst Parly
Library contained copies.
Hotel and Restaurant Employe:*
The regular meeting of tlie local was
hold on Wednesday night. A special
local organizer was 'nppuinle'1, Pro.
John Crcighton, wbo is buck from
Franco, where ho bus served for three
yenrs in tbe army. He is un obi und
energetic member of I.ucul 28. I.oenl
28 will upprcciutc any assistance thut
cun bo rendered at this lima, in view
of the fact Ihut efforts ure boing made
to line np tlie workers ia the White
Lunches and oilier unorganized houses
in tbo olty. Olll-ds nre nuw being distributed to the lernl unions and members are requested lo see thnt these
curds are placed where the noil union
help are working, and draw their attention to Ihe benellts of being orgunized.
Patriotic Efforts of Entire
Family Count for
"While Anna Oeucher, a fourteen-
year-old girl, whose picture Was In the
"Free Press" a year ago as having
stooked one hundred acres of hoavy
wheat to allow the hired man to enlist, and while herself and her aged
mother were spending the winter knitting socks and making up other comforts for the soldiers at the front, the
Beaver Lumber Co.'s lawyers and
their accountant, Mr. Sykes, of Winnipeg, were making up an account of
$1,300.00 against her elder brother, a
poor carpenter, who had purchased
$330.00 worth of lumber from the Beaver Lumber Co.
The homestead that he bad was sold
by a loan company for a mortgage.
The Beaver people had a second mortgage on the place. They realized $511
on their claim and purchased tbe
place, selling lt the next day at a considerable advance, which would have
much more than liquidated Deutcher'a
debt, but Instead of that, they held
it against him. He was put out on
the street.
His wife took ln washing at Unity,
where they removed to, and he did
carpenter work until tbey made up
another home. The Beaver people, In
the meantime, watching them with
their eagle eye waited until, tbe unfortunate woman died, then sued
Deutcher for $1,300.00, Instead of $330
—728—12 per cent. Interest compounded annually, and $240 costs.* They
wero unable to do anything before
Mrs. Deutcher died, as she owned
everything, but on tier death they got
busy, everything wns sold to satisfy
this Beaver Company's judgment,
even the baby carriage of a six-months
old child, leaving it without one. A
clock, costing 20.00 (a wedding present of the dead woman's) was purchased by the sheriff himself, for 2.25.
$2,700.00 worth of chattels were sacri-
deed to pay this debt of $330.00 and
yet the Beaver Company, ns the money
appears to havo disappeared In costs,
through the system the Honorable Mr.
Turgeon keeps ln force in Saskatchewan, claims that still Deuteher owes
them $1,070, who will wait for him to
get started on a third home.
Trades and Labour councils of all
the principal cities have been asked
to assist Deutcher and see that his
property Ib recovered.
Shylock himself, would be ashamed
to bo mixed up in such a shameful
deal, as Deutcher had no education
and was not aware of wbat his rights
The Winnipeg workers have passed
a very strong resolution to the attorney-general of Saskatchewan to bave
thla Case-Investigated and the judge,
who appears to be of the samo elass
as the man who sentenced Mr. Lewis
at Saskatoon, to be Impeached for allowing such a disgraceful piece ot robbery to be perpetrated under bis own
Hands Off Bussia
A "Hands Off Bussia" conferonco
was held on January ID under Ihe auspices of tlio.London Workers' Committee, with 300 delegates representing
about 30 different labor and Socialist
organisations. A resolution wliich was
carried by 145 agaiust 4 reads in part
as follows:
"This rank and file conferenco nf
delegates from British and Irish Socialist and labor organizations horeby resolves io carry on an active agitation
upon every Held of activity to solidify
the labor movemont in Greet Britain
for the purpose of declaring a general
strike, at a further conference to bo
hold, unless before that dato the unconditional cessation of Allied intervention in Kussia—either directly by force
of arms, or indirectly by an oconomic
blockade, by supplying arms or money,
or by other sinister means—shall havo
been officially announced, and to continue thc strike and agitation until we
aro satisfied of the truth of tho announcement; and also, until thc Allied
attack upon thc German Committees of
Soldiers and Workmen is stopped and
the blockade ruiscd."
At thc annual convention of the Independent Labor Party of Grout Britain which will be held at Hiidderslield
en April 20, 2] und 22, tbe following
resolution will bo considered and voted
"That Ihis conference asks for lho
withdrawn) of British troops from Ireland in view of the decisive voto of
the people in Ireland at the lusl gen*
era! election."
Toledo, Ohio—The new scale of
Briehlaycrs und Masons union culls for
$1 an hour, with an additional 20 cents
for foremen.
1 General Teamsters and
Chauffeurs Union
Local 655
Sunday afternoon, Apr.
13th, 1919, Room 401
Labor Temple, at 3
Business: Discussion
on the One Big Union.
All members must show
due books.
Show Support for One Big
Union in Practical
WiU Issue Monthly Bulletin
for Information of
War was declared at the last meeting on the conditions existing In the
camps ot the short log country; double
barrelled, muzzle-loading bunks an
still ln general use In bunk houses,
which are over-crowded, and ln which
the men have to dry their clothes and
live like tbe hogs which are allowed
to roam at largo throughout the campa.
The Provincial Health authorities were
Informed by wire of the conditions existing, and there will soon be something doing, either by the powers that
be or by the greatest power on earth,
the organized man on the job.
Two hundred dollars was donated
towards the expenses ot the Central
Executive of tlie "One Big Union" so
that tbe campaign of education of
those who have not yet seen the light,
should not suffer for lack of funds. Tke
B. C. L. u. Is built upon the two basic
factors ln working class emancipation,
education and organization, and lta
members can always be counted upon
to back to the limit anything which
will tend to educate and organize the
inombeis of the working clasa, who
are not yet sufficiently enlightened,.
A further sum of one hundred dollars wns placed at the disposal of the
Literature Committee to provide read-
In:: matter for the camps. Any camp
wishing to be supplied should write,
stating the particular class of literature desired. Fiction will not be furnished, only the truth can make ua
So that the union can maintain tta
full quota of delegates to the Tradea
and   Labor   Council,   any   vacancies
which occur through delegates leav- .
Ing town, will be filled from camp delegates who may be in town If they will
give notice of their presence and desire to officiate.   It is euggested that
as the members of the Executive Committee are rarely in town in sufflclent f*
numbers to form a quorum, that a
Central   Committee  be  formed consisting of tlie members of tbe Executive and Camp Delegates carrying credentials, who may be in town, this committee to meet every Wednesday afternoon at 3 p.m. or auch other time
as necessary, or convenient.   One of
the duties of this committee belnf
to pass upon any contemplated special
expenditure of funds ln excess of $100
before same can be made.
With a view to making the camp
workers "Bulletin," which will be Issued about the end of this month, aa
efficient as possible, and to provide
further assistance to enable the Secretary to cope with tbe rapidly increasing membership, the mooting decided to have W. A, Prltchard on Ute
job at the headquarters.   Fellow worker 1'ritcliard's abilities nnd standing
lit the labor movement, are so well-
known that it is safe to say that no
one more capable could  have  been
selected, and his acceptance of the
position will cause the greatest satisfaction  throughout the organization.
During the current month tbe referenda on the questions or the 0. B. U.
the proposed amendment to the constitution dealing with contract workers, and thc draft prcumb'o will he
submitted. "T*
The continual changl**.. of (lte >-».
erationist mailing list, due to the frequent chango of camp, In which the
members are working creates such
an amount of unnecessary work, that
the meeting decided that In future,
where possible, bundles will be sent
to the camp delegates for.distribution
amongst tbe members on the job. Thia
will do away with the necessity of altering the mailing list evory time a
member changes his camp. A- selection of other working class papers will
also bo sent as soon as arrangementa
can be made.
The report of Organiser McKenzle
was placed before the meeting. The
Incident at Cranbrook fully dealt with '
showing how he was run out of town
by a few Individuals who claimed to
represent thc local returned soldiers
organization, after they had relieved
him of thc cash which bnd been paid
in as dues by loggers who had joined
the union. A vote of thanks was pas-
sod to those Individuals and bodies ot
organized lnbor who had rendered valuable and whole hearted assistance to
Brother McKenzle In his work, and
Instruction whb given for loeal action
to be taken ntiainst thc adherents of
lawless mob uction and thoughtless,
(even if unconscious) tools of the exploiters and ■Icsridors of Ihe workera
ot the short log country. It might be *
woll to mention that the loggers union
probably contains aa many ex-service
men ub any union In tho province. De-7
spite (he fact that the copies of re-
eeipts given for money paid by met**'
bers joining at Cranbrook were taken '
from the organizer, and bo no detailed
record Is available, tlie duplicates* given the members are coming to'hand
and Immediately honored at their full
face value. We may not have the
cosh but wo have the men, which Is
of much grenter Importance.
Reports come to headquarters that
the men employed in the Tierney construction camps at Princeton were on
strike against a 10 hour day, and an
increase In the board rate. A sign was
immediately placed on the streets notifying the existence of a strike and
numerous wires sent off to gather full
Information. Finding no organization
in charge of tlie situation this union
immediately sot three organizers oh to ■
the job with full authority to assist *
In every way possible. The men demand $4 for an eight-hour day, $1.00
The employers offer a tonhonr day,
U wage: ll.iio hospital and $1.20
board. They threaten to Introduce
sovorai carloads of Doukhobors aa
atriko breakers whom Ihey say are
available for the job. The experience
of the Doukhobor Js that lie la no
scab, snd has no uso fur the exploiter
of the working clnss. When thta
union was first formed it was cstlmat-*
ed that a membership of r.OOO by tha
•[Continued on jiago 12) PAGETWT
eleventh teas.   Ke. ii    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATTONIST    tancouvee, b. a
...April U, MM
—the cloth is superior
—the seams are double-stitched
—the pockets are rip-proof
—the buttons stay on
—the workmanship is thorough
Overalls and Shirts
equal more expensive brands and are superior
to  those which offer at the same price.
Jas. Thomson & Sons Ltd.
BEUJNOHAM. Wash.—Builders ot
fish traps aad web workers have secured a union agreement with the
Pacific American Fisheries company,
'"-hern 300 #orkera are employed at
:lsh trap conatructlon in Alaska and
.'uget sound waters. Wagee are advanced |25 a month wtth aa eight-
iour day and double time for overtime.
..rows now in Alaska working under
.he old ratea are included ln the agreement.
As this eompany is one of the larg
est of its kind, tt la believed Its example will he followed by similar con-
DETROIT, Mich—Members of Amalgamated Association of Street Car
Men dedicated a beautiful monument
to the memory of the late Resin Orr,
whose remains are interred in thla
city. The departed unionist was international treasurer of taa street car
men'a union for 22 years. He died in
this city In October, 1917.
Men's High Grade $32, $35, $38, $40
Tremendous valuta Saturday and Monday in tkis great cleanup .
iMic Store that's atTu .ui- ^ws-.i
Oeaa-U Toot Atat Uotase Ms. a-amt
Apsx Juu, Ho. 4 tin __ tea
IfrO Brtlnf fnti.r ttt
Ktlwb sBklnr FnrdU, 11-M Ku tie
It Owrps' Balne fnta)   Use.
«iiu _  ttt
It. Oootk's Balsa Pntur, tin...
tins, I for Me
at.  cOorn'i  Baking  Pewdsr,  4*oi.
tin. it   lte
BUttr'i Kit UU Tm, Ik 4»c
»Otb Grata L.M Tu, lb -.He
Flint Cu_dlu> OketM, Ib its
llaHt Fan Lut, lb.  tie
B. O. tteeh Beta, tona .
Han Tta Trtst Otl Baby autur 7
Ti» r«r Bnt Dsirr. Ib tie
Fineit Coapoaad Lsrd. a lte.
Hant Bnt Dripping, lb. 	
yos villi as don't fotfflt
f TilH
nr matt dtportntHt.
1 Stnr Bnt.
1 Canterbury Lwb.
1 Loenl Lwb.
1 Pork.
BoboIom Bolll,
lte.   Bot* Ue.
tet lb. ....
Bod   Arrow   Ctaam,   Oraokon,   per
Ud.    Wt
Aehei-ofl Pouio.i, uek  12.00
Hlfkland PoUtoai, nek  11.61
Boynl    Houebult    Klunr,    49-pitmd
nek    |a.M
rtaeM Bollod Oalt la Lib. nltoa
eneki. Bt|. SM. Bolurtnr, I
lte  ttt
Flanl Soldn. Crail Bikln, Powder. Bef. tl.tlt. SoMrdar
only, 5 lte  Ota
Ilanl Oorwnea 5H>. onek  ttt
Haul Oonatal lt-lk. nek . lit
riant Olhn, tettlo  ltt
Plant Iwoot Ficklee, toll).  S6e
aialer'e Blieed Strnkr Bneon, lb...4Bt
lUter'e Slioot Blrenky Baeos, Ib. (MM
Motor*! Bitted BomIni Horn, lb...tlt
Blnlor'i Sliced Aj.hlre Backs, lb. IM
m ana too tbt eaa mibt nun
IU HMUa|l IttMt lut.     Pkono Boy. IMI BOTIOE
Ht  OnafUM  atroot.    Ptteo    aoowonr    Itl  WI BIUVBB TOUB MODI
tint   M»la    atroot.    Pkoao   Foumoat   Mil ntm OF OEABOE
Onlr Once Dom the Human Htnd Ever
Touch a Loaf of SHELLY'S 4-X BREAD
A m that hand tt tht hud that lifts the thaptd dough froa
An the  moulding  mnohiui te tht pan ia which it is baited.
From the time tbe lour it timet in the dough-mixer machinery
diet all thl work, producing thousands of loavu ia  tht  saint
tint tt tahtt ths housowift to hake four.
Thut    hat    H
keen Mat vet-
■ible   to   buy
hotter bread
at a lata cost
Oan it can be
baked at home*   _
A w   \
Ttu'll    sart
time   aad   ht
meat?    ahead
by usiag Bhal-
ly's 4-X Breed
k         Your   grootr
L       has it,
food UetMt    Vj
So. S-1N1        1
m taJ
^S            Phone
W         FainM* M
Study of the Evolution of Modern Society
[By Florae* SUttJ '
(Continued from left im»)
War has not been tke only cause of
the increase in this slave elnss. He
numbor of the unfree were swelled by
debt and crime. Famine drove awn +0
bend their heads in the evil daya for
meat. Thc debtor, unable to discharge
his debt, flu 'i^ on the ground the frew-
man's sword and spear and took up
the laborer's mattock, thus placing his
head as a slave within a master's
hand. Tho criminal, whoso kinsfolk
would not make up hia Sne, became n
crime-serf of the plaintiff. Sometimes
a father, pressed by need, would sell
children and wife into bondage. The
slave became part of the livestock of
the estate, to be willed away at death
with horse or ox, whoae pedigree was
kept us carefully as his own. His children wore bondsmen like himself. Eves
a freeman's children by a slavo
mother, inherited the mother's taint
"Mine is tho calf that ia born of my
own cow," ran the English proverb.
The cabins of tko unfree clustered
around the home of the rich landowner
aa they had clustered round tho villa
of the Roman gentleman. Tho plough*
man, shepherd, goatherd, swineherd,
oxherd, dairymaid, harnman, sower,
hayward and woodward wort oftea
Tbe chattel slavo wu not as valuable as tho modern wago slave, although he cost his maBter moro. Owing
to hu simple tools, hia ability to produce a surplus was limited, and wealth
could only be acquired by keeping them
in large numbers. If a slave was slain
with an angry blow it was but a chattel the less. He had no place in tho
justice courts, .no kinsman to claim
vengeance for his wrong. If ft stranger
killed him, his lord claimed the damages. If guilty of wrongdoing his skin
paid for it. If he fled he might be
chased like a strayed beast and flogged
to death for his crime, or burned to
death if the slave were a woman.
Chattel slavery was abolished only
when wage slavery was found to be
moTo profitable. In proof of this aee
statements made by David Hume in his
essay on '' The Fopulousness of Ancient
Nations," published in 1741, ninety
years before tho final abolition of chattel slavery. Feudal serfdom gradually
merged into wage slavery with the rise
to power of the industrial class.
Of the ruthless way in which the
peasants of Oreat Britain were
driven wholesale from the land
by the landlords at the end
of the fifteenth and the beginning of
the sixteenth centuries, to mako room
for sheep, owing to. the high price of
wool, I have not time to tell, or how
they were thrown on to a labor taarket
which was not yet ready to absorb
them, thua thrust into pauperism, then
punished for being paupers. ' The
bloody legislation ' cnactod against
those unfortunates is* among the blackest in tho history of England.
The age of the machine, driven flrst
by water, then stoam, and later by electricity, with its limitless powers of
production, built and operated by the
wage slaves of today, in all countries
where capital holds sway, is too familiar to need much explanation here.
Wc of tho class conscious working class
know, that all wealth is produced by
tho application of human labor power
to tho natural resources, and these natural resources and machinery of production are owned by a small minority
called tho capitalist class, whilo the
majority of tho people aro denied access to tho means of wealth production,
unless this small minority can make
a profit from their labor. It makes no
difference how anxious a man is to
work, or how many small childron ho
may have to support, if his labor docs
not spell profit for his employer, his
energy can waste and his children
stnrve. You must realize what this
means when you remember that 85 per
cent, of the population bolong to the
working class, who own practically
nothing but their labor power, while
the remaining 15 por cent, the capitalist class, own all tho natural resources, the lands, mines, factories and
machinery. Thoy own theso but do
not use them. The working class uses
them but do not own them, and what
is tho resultf In the distribution of
wealth 85 per cont. of the pooplo, wbo
produce all the wealth, receive back in
the form of wages one-fifth of the value
they creato as their share, while the
balance of four-fifths goes in the form
of rent, interest and profit to the human parasites, who number only 15 per
cent, of tho population, and who porform no useful function in society. The
small farmer is no better off than tho
town wage worker. True,, he is nover
out of a job, and he has free access to
tho natural resources, but he is at the
mercy of the elevator, transportation,
and mortgago compnnies, packing
houso buyers and agricultural implement makers, all exacting their pound
of flesh, while, in tbo end, his portion
is liko that of the town proletariat—a
mero existence.
With tho ever-increasing productivity of machinery and a decreasing master class, owing to the concentration
of capital into fewer hands, the task
of getting rid of the surplus becomes
impossiblo undor tho present system.
The workers can only buy back ono-
fifth of the total wealth they create.
That is the limit of their purchasing
power, even whon working full time.
The capacity of the master class is
limited by its sheer inability to either
eat any more, wear any more clothos,
or enjoy any more luxuries. What aro
we going to do with the surplus, or,
to bo more corroct, what are they going to do with itf Wo do not control
it; rather does it control us. When
Great Britain bad some claim to be
called the "workshop of the world,"
tho markets of the world wero open to
her, and many of the commodities she
poured into it wcro wrung from the
blood and sweat of littlo children. But
with industrial development in other
countries tho market was narrowed.
Other nations not only learned to produce for themsolves, but'also had a
surplus for sale, nnd it was absolutely
necessary to dispose of this surplus, to
keep tho wheels of industry turning.
Tbey did not always turn. Before tho
war, periods of industrial inactivity
recurrod ever moro frequently, when
the surplus in tho hands of tho master class was so great that industry
shut down. The worker wont sadly
home to lighten his bolt and pray for
tho time when the wealth he had created would bo absorbed, and he might
bo allowed to come bnck and creato
seme more.
This is a Wrdseye view of man and
his institutions since he reached the
tool-making and tool-using stage. Taken
wi* a view to understanding the complex civilization of today. Bines man
demonstrated his ability to create more
wealth tban he eeasasMd, his history
hns centred round tho flght fer its
potMSBsLoa. It was taken by force,and
is held by forco. The political state
and tbe bag m of the law enforce
their decrees by tbo military aud po-
This sum-mo. sound whioh
i to^ckii
all modem watt bra been foaght,
wold be madt te 3f4U peaee and plenty for all, and iiTtht near future it
win. Under the patient system ef production for profit.,instead *•*-* produetion for use, in normal times the market! of the world wWd bt choked with
commodities. In an- effort to avoid this
deadlock, the ruling .class in tbe nations possessing the strongest military
power seeks to handicap ths weaker
nations in the cenufieir'eial race. This
means constantly recurring warfare
and repression.
It haa been said that oapital it timid.
I don't believe it. Capital it only
timid when a possible five per cent, is
itt reward. But with the enormous
profits made recently by our patriotic
warmongors, capital is bold. We have
seen the extent to which it will go on
the recent battlefields in Europe. We
are feeling its repressive moasurea
here, where we are muzzled if we try
te tell the truth. Onr literature it suppressed and if individuals rebel, they
art thrown into jail, aad all this in
the name of democracy and the preservation of law ant order. There it ae
democracy outside of Hutsia and there
would not be any there if the muter
elass of the world eould prevent it Aa
fer law and order, thit will only bt restored when the wealth stolea from
the workert it restored to them again.
For thousands of years tho master class
havt robbed nt. Now we call a halt,
and demand possession of the meant ef
lift—land, mines, factories and ma-
cninery—in order that.we, may produce
sot a surplus to be fought over, bnt
sufficient for all, that all who are willing te work can share in the benefit!
of the civilisation we have built; that
we mar so modify   our   environment
that tha law of the survival ef the
fittest eaa operate without any aithl-
eml reatrietions, aad tht law ef the
aarvival ef the ahekeat thai be aa
When de Jta stand, fellow-worktrt
There it ao mote sitting on the fence,
watching which way th. cat is going
to jimp. Beonomie conditions are go-
ing te force yon into one of the twe
eaapa: One for the clats-conscioat
workers who are organized to build soeial well being and order oat of ehaot;
tht ether for the matter claas hirelings, who do not yet understand their
position in society, or, understanding,
Judas-like, accept the thirty pieeet of
silver aad betray their class. Among
the latter I would placo many of the
occupants of the editorial chairs of
capitalist newspapers, who are very
busy now weaving a web of prejudices
around our comrades in Russia. Some
of them may be in the class mentioned
by Oscar Wilde: "Peoplo who are
made stupid by education, people who
are full of opinions, not one of which
they really understand—a peculiarly
modern type.11 Whichever typo they
represent, thty art opponents of any
real democracy, and enemiot ef the
working elast. There are many well
moaning individuals among eur would-
be reformers, and much of the talk on
reconstruction now pouring from the
platform, pulpit and press it undoubtedly backed by good intentions. Even
where thia ia ae, it it enly the echo ef
the more sinister views expressed by
the matter elass, who think their interett. will bt bett served by trying
to perpetuate the present capitalist
system. Do not follow thom. Examine
the facts and think for yourselves.
Oood intentions alone are not sufficient, fer, in the land of good intentions, without the light of knowledge,
we grope our way, beeause we wear
the veil of prejudice and intolerance,
the warp and weft of which it ignor-
The Passing of Giant Capital
In the Maoriland Worker
The world war, vrttich is at present ♦
entering on its last phase, is but the
beginning of the data war of the modern working class and modern capitalism. i!'.j;/
Socialist writers and believers in tho
final victory of the workers of the
world, nover thought or wcro optimistic
enough in crediting the'capitalists with
hastening their Own end to the extont
that they have; 1914 and the month of
August will over be remembered for
the bloody butchery then entered upon.
But with oil the horrors that that date
covers, how the pulses, of those class-
conscious intellectuals/ "especially those
writers and spcak-ats ^ho had calmly
dissected the capitalistic system, must
have tingled; what-lftJtRi must havo entered their broasts^andi after the flrst
great clash ef those*", armed hordes, how
they must have grinnedoin thought, despite- the horrors ofinit all, to see capitalism showing its w-andcrful might
nod power and ignomnHy hastening its
own end—and all ftw fffoflt.
Some of thoso writerb had no doubt
grown melancholy and sjid. others sentimental and sorrow-fill, because thoy
could see this granting world of ours
in their dreams, at Jea^t, as it should
be, and the contrast1, pf the world as it
actually is, must haVe Jieen awful and
heart-breaking fo'/,,tfe£B MH-U11- and
sensitive thinkers.' 'flow some of them
despaired and 6tta?TS»go^esperato wp
know; but sinco 1014 how their hopes
must have risen. I can, in fancy, mentally picturo one of these materialists
watching the progress of events; millions of tho strongest and healthiest of
all the nations implicated in the war
taken from useful production by thcir
capitalistic masters and put to destroying one another, millions of others also
-—men and women, boys and girls—
taken from useful production or social
sorvice to production for destruction.
How my mon tally-pictured materialist
must have gloated over the different
nations' capitalistic pross accounts, and
of how they surmounted each difficulty.
Yes, despite tho fact that millions wero
taken from useful production to destroy
one another, and millions of others
were taken from useful production and
put to produetion for destruction (tbat
is, munitions, guns, and all that apcr-
tains to war), the rest of tho world's
producers (practically the culls) wcro
able to produce all that tho world required in food, raimcjii, and all that
is necessary to sustain life, with the
added handicap of the submarine war,
which accounted for millions of tons
of the wealth of the world being destroyed.
Just imagine our pictured friend
rubbing his bands at the world-wide
cry of "moro efficiency." He would
know what that meant—the speeding
up of production, old modes of machinery production cast on one side, in
every part of the world the inventive
genius of man given every encouragement until what wero considered wonderful invontions a few yoars ago are
looked upon as crude in comparison
with what has taken place in the Inst
four years; practically the production
of everything revolutionized — food,
clothing, shipbuilding, etc.—how wonderful it all is. Whole nations rationed, waste lands cultivated, standardized boats, standardised ships, standardized engines, carriages and trucks.
What food for thought for Socinlists,
and what a restless, and feverish sleep
our friend capital must bo having—
that is if he is able to sloop at all-
how he must be locking for a way
of escapef Yet, everywhere he looks
the shade of "markj-Rts.;,' Yes, things
are getting nearer and nearer that culminating point; if hrf coyld only get in
touch with the moonror Mars thero
would be still a chanco for him in the
usual way to send flr» his missionaries
and then his soldiefs and so on, ad
infinitum. ,,
Poor old capital! Father Time is
calling you, yes, in yiyour strength
and vigor, when you,arp doing tho
most wonderful things. , Wo shall cor-
tainly givo you tho Braise that you
merit at your demise. .Why, no God
that was ever written oi. was as great
as thou. You have' conquered the
greatset storms on land agid soa because
of your wonderful foresight. Diseaso
after disease has had to retiro defeat*
ed from your tracks.' You have conquered the air and the depths of the
soa—even the ait wares are under
your control so that yftur messages fly
to wherever yoa require them to, aad
yet you must die.
Tes, Dr. Wilson, Lloyd Oeorge, and
all that they represent, may form all
kinds of leagues of nations to hold
yoor tottering frame together, but they
cannot save you. Tho war is over-
even the most ignorant ef your staves
are tired of bloodshed! What are yon
going te dot You will have to flnd
employment for millions, and you have
sueh wonderful machinery that girls
and women can do it all without the
men. Hat haf It is no use tearing
your hair, old boy, and calling mc Bolshevik, you Me really up ngainst it
Koally, I am enjoying the joke; yeu
started tho war and hastened your owa
end. Whan you have flooded the world
with aU its requirements, what, are
you going to do? The churchos, strikebreakers, secret societies, and all your
laws for the protection of private property will not save you. It will be of
no use for you to wave flags and talk
of the glories of tho past and wonderful Empires; as Karl Marx says: yoa
are your own grave-digger; it is no uae
fretting, you have got to die. But you
can have the consolation of knowing
that you have loft the world a great
deal better than you found it, because,
in spite of yourself you are perfecting
everything for your slaves; all they
will have to do is keep in motion your
wonderful inventions—and not as
slaves but as masters of those invention. Oh, no, I have no compassion
for you; it is grand to see such a
mighty giant as you are, committing
hari kari. Why, you havo been so
greedy that you have got rid of some
of your own idols. Czars, Kaisers,
Grand Dukes, all that helped to make
your position stable you have ruthlessly torn from their pedestals, and your
example hns been, followed by yout
slaves. Where has your power gono ia
Bussia and Germany!
Your power is apparently tottering
in other parts of Europe. Are yoa
game to try to crush tho spirit of revolt in the peoples of thoso countriesf
Is there any part of the world where
you are not boing assailed! In every
part of this little country—yes, evon
in the backwoods—they are talking of
your doom and watching your every
move. Your screams in the press are
only laughed at. You havo angered
some of your staunchest supporters by
your carelessness in allowing a simple
germ to multiply and sweep nil over
the world—tbe four years of slaughter
was not to be compared with it. Some
of your ablest writers are screaming
against tho horrible slums and wanting
you to give thoso who are at the bottom
of the social ladder decent conditions;
for the plague' was no respoctor of persons. Why, even your impressive service of burial had to be suspended and
the bodies dumped into Mother Earth.
The most ignorant have had their eyes
And what of those wonderful man
whom you gathered from all parts of
the earth, with blare and trumpet and
boat of drum! How you extolled them
—flags waved and crowds roared at
their departure. What a contrast the
roturn! '' Heroes'' are too common
now, and the sight of soldier*' uniforms reminds peoplo of bo much distress and horrible bloodshed that has
prevailed for four years. Yes, capital)
wo are watching and ready to attack
you at every opportunity. The odds
aro gradually turning in our favor, and
the harder you flght the quicker your
own demise.
Wonld Like to Know If Inquiring Into
Allied Country Would
Be Welcome
Paris,—In answer to the action of
the International Socialist Conference
recently held in Borno, Switzerland, in
appointing a commission to go to Bussia and investigate the politieal and
economic accomplishments of the Socialist Soviet Bepublic, the Soviet government has replied to the effect that
it welcomes the visit of tho commission to Bussia and will guarantee to
give it evory opportunity to obtain
complete information relative to the
actual condition in the former empire
of the czars, now a great people's republic. Tho Soviet government's reply,
which was sent by radio to Paris, ends
with a bit of charming irony. Here ia
the toxt:
"Now that we authorize without conditions the inquiry of thiB commission
in Bussia, we would like to know if
the governments wbjse subjects are te
take part in the work of the commission will authorize a commission of the
republic of Soviets te visit their countries."
The Paris Populaire makes this comment upon the action of the Soviot governmont;
"We are not surprised at this action
by the Leaine-Tretsky government. Wa
cannot hope, however, that It will modify the position taken by the culmia-
ators of the Bussian revolution. However, it should load persons of good
faith to adept a eortain reserve in their
conclusions. As for us, we are frankly
Slad to see Soviet Bussia open tbt
oors aad windows of its house aad solicit the judgment of the entire world
M to its work."
In keeping with the policy ef capitalist governments ta pat every possible obstacle in ths way of the workers getting ia touch with eaoh other,
the British govornment has refuted
passports to J. Ramsey MacDonald amd
Boden Boston, British membees of tbe
commission. The fpsneb gevenuneat
followed eutt fay a smiUr denial te tke
Fronsh members.
K iara't notel, paper talk when wo taj* that thit ia the beat mit vahie
in tht eity. Some people thought that—then they catae back and looked
•wer tha luit—they changed their opinion—quiek, too.
Ht offer thii ault on its merits—it's not a bait to attract yon in tha
hope that you 11 buy a higher priced suit—or jutt to get you to coma
in. We're telling these suits right along—and the buyers aw wtl
vltaaad and tending their friends to buy.
Thit tuit coraef in Dae quality serge—it's made up in the spring stylet-
it handsome cut—good quality lining—well finished—a suit you'd pay
♦35 for elsewhere and be perfectly satisfied.
In th. following colors: Sand, Beindoer, Gray, Copenhagen, Navy,
Taupe, Biege, Tan, Pecan Blue and Pecan Greon.
Nate OranTilli
[By J. 8. Woodsworth]
What ytar it thitf-"lM8.» MM
whatt Why 1919 A. D., they writt it.
What does that meant There I hart
yonl A. D. stands for Anno Domini,
which ia Latin for "in tht yoar of our
Lord." It it 1919 yean since Jesus
wat horn. Down'through the ages they
got mixed up a bit on dates, but wt
will not bother about that. So important did tht birth of Jesua seem that
throughout the civilized world all timo
has been reckoned with reference ta
that datt. Even what happened before
His birth is usually spoken of aa happening so many yeara B. 0., that it, beforo Christ.
Perhapi tht Inluenct of Christianity
would not have been to great had not
Constantino made it the state religion
and thus led to the building up of a
powerful and wealthy church that dominated Europe for a thousand years.
But in any case, and perhaps in spite
of tho great church called after him,
Jesus hat had a Wonderful influence In
the history of the world. Millions of
pooplo regard Bim at tho greatest man
that over lived—so great that many
think He must have been Divine;
Eugene V. Debs, whom wt quoted
last week, writes of Him in tha latt
Christmaa number of the Keir Tork
Call: "To me Jesua Christ is aa real,
as palpitant and pervasive as a historical character as John Brown, Abraham
Lincoln or Karl Marx. He has persisted in tpite of 2990 yean of theological
emasculation to destroy His revolutionary personality, and is today the greatest moral foroe in the world. . . Jo-
sus wat the grandest and loftiest of human souls; sun-crownod and God-inspired; a full stotured man, rod-bloodod
and lion-hearted, yet sweet and gentle
at the noble mothor who had given
Him birth. He had the majesty and
poise of a god, the prophetic vision of a
seer, the great loving hoart of a woman
and the unaffected innocence and simplicity of a child.
Thit wat and il the martyred Christ
of the working class, tho inspired evangel of tho down-trodden ma-Mi, tha
world's supreme revolutionary leader,
whose love for the poor and the children of the poor, hallowed all tho days
of Hit consecrated life, lighted up and
made forever holy tho dark tragedy of
His death, and gavo to the ages His
divine inspiration and Hts deathlest
Two thousand yean ago, the Jowl
were under the rule of the Bomans.
Many of thom droaming of the former
gloriet of thcir country and inspired by
the exhortations of their great leaden,
looked forward to the coming of a
great king who should establish a powerful kingdom that would dominate tha
then known world. In the meantime,
however, things wero in a bad way.
The people wore ignorant and poor and
oppressed. Their own material leaders,
who were also the church leaden, wert
very particular about all kinds of ceremonies, spent much time In wrangling
about technicalities, and yet did nothing to koep the people, indeed, wert
their worst exploiters.
Jesus wat the son of a carpenter, who
lived in a littlo country village. Ha
early took an Interest in religious and
pnblic affairs, but it was not till Ht
was thirty yeara old that He oattie into
publie notice. His propaganda work
lasted for lets than throe years, when
He wat charged with sedition by tha
national leaders and executed by order
of the Boman governor. We have tht
ttory of His life and death in the Got-
ptlt. Many thousands of books have
been written concerning Him and Hit
work. Every week in all tho churchei,
the iuinitten art presumably expounding Hit doctrines. All we propose to
do is to call attention to a few of Hit
teaching! whioh have often been ovor
In the flrst place, He was one of tht
common peoplo. The oommon people
heard Him gladly those whom He chest
to be leaden in the movement wert
common people. He wat seorued as being a' friend of corrupt politicians and
undesirable citizens.  He denounced the
religion, leaden of tha day—ttt ettmt
priests—tht clergy of that dayi tha
scribes—the college proftsaon and
journalist, of that day aad tha atat of
tht Pharines, the mott piou lllllh*
people of that day. Ht calltd than
people hypocrites, saying that thttr ra-
ligion wat formal and external. Thay,
ti count, bitterly rotenttd thia oritt-
eiem, especially sinct it came from a
young mechanic, who hadn't tvta btta
to college.
Jesua said He had come to establish
.the Kingdom of Hoaven, or the .i&ttl
state. In thia kingdom lava and juf
tice and goodwill wonld rale, Any audi
who really had love in hit hurt had ah*
ready entered thia kingdom. Iven ia
that individualiatit age it -ma vary
hard for a rich maa to enter thia kingdom—hard for hin to become haatbla
and simple like a little child. Jaaud
conceived God, not as the Ood of Battles, or tha unapproaehablt, or tha aw
bodiuent of justice, but as a loving
Father. Befusing to ba confined by
family or national tiat, Jttat regarded
aU men aa His brothers. Sweeping
aside dogma and ritual, Jesus s-xouned
up for the Jewiih people the whola
"law" in the precept "Thou shalt lot*
the Lord thy Ood and thy neighbor at
It waa all very simple, hut within a
few yean of Jesus' death, Hit follow
en began building np another rehgiout
system. After a ftw hundred yeats*
there wat a long and elaborate and my*
steribus creed, unleat a man believed*,
he would be eternally lost. Then tn
ceremonies very similar to those ot tht
heathen nations among whom Christianity had been paraded. There were pom
erfnl eharacten that controlled laa
monae wealth tnd held many throno it
their gift. All thia in tht nine oi
But again and again throughout tbl
yean there arose men who tried to get
men to return to tht simple teachings
of Jesus. Francis of Atsissi was one oi
these. He is now regarded aa one ol
the gnat saints of tht Soman Cathoii<
Church, the founder of the Franoiscat
order of Monks. Strange that he, liki
his Master, should be so honored, and
yet so littlo understood or followed!
St. Francis was tho son of wealthy pap
tntt, who led quite a gay lift till ont
day a change eamo to him. He left hit
beautiful home, and went ant a. a pool
man to help the people. After a Uttlt
time he gathered a little group about
him, They called themselves the Broth
tn of the Common Poople.
In England one of our earliest and
greatest reformers wat Wycliffe. Tot
will be able to ind out something about
him and hit work in yonr text-book oi
British hiitory. Ht protested againat
the abuses in the church. By tht wan
the Boforinera did so much "arotetto
ing" that they were called "Protean-
ants." Wycliffe tried to enlighten tha
people and aent his preaching f riara uf
tnd down the country to teach tht peo
Sit and help thom in their itruggli fai
berty. He, like hit Matter, wat hated
by tha religious leaden of hit day.
It teems very strango that all dowa
through history the great refomen
have been persecuted by the religi.ni
aad political leaden of their own tUntk
After a few hundred yean they ara ra-
gardtd aa saint, and patriot!. Ttt thai!
admirert, who perhapi belong ta
churchei or societies named after thta,
■eiii bittcrl.- pcrsociiio tho reformer!
reformers among themselves.
Perhaps we aro in the midst af a new
religious movement. Perhapi then art
among ut men and women who ara
scorned or persecuted, who a hundred
yean from now will be called great reformers, saiata or patriot!.
Will you commit to metnery a ttm
Unci from Lowell:
Truth forever on tha scaffold,-
Wrong forever on tha throne;
Tet that scaffold iwayt tht futnit,
And bohind the dim unknown
Sttndeth Ood within tht shtdow,
Keeping watch above His owa,
CHICAGO.—A net proflt of |7,«31,
535.81 for the paat year la announced
by Wilson and company, meat packers.
These earnings equal (3*1.49 a than
on the common stock, at compared ta
$28,95 ln tha previoui year. The salea
amounted to 1409,999,999.
Easter Footwear for All
What ii yonr pnferonoot We have it The styla yoa prefer,
tha color you like, the site and width yta want, tha price yen
want to pay, the lit and comfort you're entitled to aad get.
Gaiter Footwear for every member of a family from the "tod-
dBug tot" to the venerable grandparontt. Our shclvtt am fairly
hunting with the new shoe idoaa fer Spring and Summer.
Ton'U surely enjoy the axacting ean, tha koen intorest we take
ia fitting you properly.
A full line of tha Beat Vaitn-nadt Boott.
..April 11, 191*
eleventh yeah." No. is   THE BBITISH COlMlBIA FBDERATIONIgT     vancouvbb, B. 0.
Make the Date Definite!
_ When onoe yon have convinced yourself that you
require the services of the dentist, do not further
delay -the definite appointment. Set the date convenient to you—get on the telephone immediately
—Seymour 5444—and then you will experience a
sense of relief. For you have made the first step
towards better health, greater comfort, a more
pleasing appearance. But do not stop there.
Keep the appointment. Remember that dental delays are dangerous; every day increasing your
chances of ill-health—running up thc dental bill
you must ultimately pay. And while you have
• this subject in mind—there is no time like the
present to make a dental appointment. Ring me
up now and set a definite date for examination.
t_ A reputation for honest dontistry at
reasonable prices—a pride in living
up to that reputation. This is whut
I offer you.
Shone Sey. UU
Fine Dentistry
Be consistent and demand the Union Stamp on your boots and
•hoes. The following local firms arc fair to Organized Labor
and are worthy of your pationifcc and support:
J. Leckie Co., Ltd., 929 Cambie Stroet.
Harvey Boot Shop, 51 Cordova St. W.—Custom Making and Repairs.
W. J. Heads, 20 Wator Street—Custom Making and Repairs.
H. Vos a Son, 63 Cordova Street West—Custom Making and Repairs.
Dunsmuir Boot Shop, 531 Dunsmuir Street—Custom Making and Repairs.
"Nodelay" Shoe Repair Company, 1947 Oranvillo Street.
Standard Shoo Repair Shop, 618 Robson Stroet.
M. R. Thorns, 259 Kingsway.
Woods Ltd. "K" Boot Shop, Cordova and Hastings St. W.
Bo progiaativa, Mr. Shoe Repairer, and get in touch with Secretary
Tom Oery, US Vernon Drive.
Iteah (Art Flowen, Funeral Designl, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Planta
Omaaantal and Shade Treet, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
« Haatingt Stmt Beat, Say. 988-672 — 728. OranviUe Street, Sty. 9613
809-316 HASTINGS ST. W.
Arc you rr* ' Spring Suit?   Wc arc showing a
line range ih uk' ■'   to (It eyery figure.   The cloths are first-
class quality, and we stnnd back of every garment we soil.
Overalls, Vfovk Shirts and Gloves in best qflalities.
The Family Shoe Store
Ve've a Shoe for every foot in the family—the Best Shoes
tnat arc made. Our word stands guard for every shoe trans-
antion mado in this store, insuring you satisfaction for the
full limit of value.
Even if you do not care to buy, come and look at the new
Spring Footwear.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Mt Gnumlle Street
Vancouver'i Union Shoe Store
If You Want Good Health
—you moit keep yonr teeth in good condition.
Tour teoth will decay—and in decaying they will threaten
jour general health at evory point— thousand* of people aro
today complaining of various ailment*—taking medicine-—
visiting physicians—all without roal relief—all because it il
ft dentist only who can get at tho neat of the trouble.
tf yoar tooth ue defective—in any particular—see me bofore the trouble
bocoaee acste—before it affects you general health.
tiken ta
far d-Mtet
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crorra and Bridge Specialist
Corner Seymour Btreet
Ofloo Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings Until 8 e'OIock
Sty. 1131
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
BLOOHBEKQER, F. R-, 819 Broadway Eut .. _,
BRAND, W., 02* Ponder Stroot Weit  	
B, 0. PRINTING * LITHO. 00., Smythe and Homor...
CLARKE * 8TCART. 820 Seymonr Btreet...
...Fairmont 268
...Seymour 2678
..Seymoar 3288
, , — „-. ___  —.-...Soymoar •
OOWAN * BROOKHOUSE, Labor Templo Balldinf ......Seymonr 4460
DUNSMUIR PRINTINO CO., 487 Dunimnir Btreet!   Seymonr 1108
JEFFERT. W. A-., 3188 Parker Street..... ™..„„...™.. .Highland 1187
KERSHAW, J. A., 688 Howe Slrool«..M.-«.«M.„_..B„.«.«     g-y"?iT 8674
LATTA, R. P., 887 Qore Avenue. —**,
MAIN PRINTING CO., 8861 Main Stmt.........
MeLEAN A SHOEMAKER, North Vancouver™.
iflTCHELL-FOLET, LTD., 120 Haitian Street Weit...
NORTH SHORE PRESS. North Vanoouver	
PACIFIC PRINTERS, 600 Beatty Stmt —	
ROEDDR, e. A., 616 Homer Streot .........
BUN JOB PRESSES, 187 Pender Street...
TECHNICAL PRESS, Mlnu Italldlar, Homer Street
TIMMS, A. H., 880 Fourteenth Avenne East	
WARD, ELLWOOD * CO., 816 Honor Stroot	
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 678 Granvillo Street,..
WHITE * BINDON, Sit Pendor Stmt Weat...
..........Seymour 1080
........Fairmont 1988
 N. Van. SS
........Seymour 1085
tt, X. Van. 80
..........Seymour 8683
...........Seymour 364
 ~ Beymour 41
.........Seymoar S82S
........Fairmont 631R
 Seymoar Itl*
 Seymonr 8620
Write "Mea
..Seymoar 1314
ea Tew Oan When Tea Sand XI te Ue Malar
Whito Collar Slaves Organize
London.—White collar slaves aro bestirring themselves in England. An in-
' toreslirtg dovelopment of the trade union movement haa taken substantial
form in tho Professional Workers' Fed-,
eration. " It comprises thc National
Union of Teachers, tho Incorporated
Association of Assistant Mastors, tho
Association of Assistant Mistresses, the
Custom and Excise Federation, tho Second Division Clerk's Association, tho
Tax Clorks' Association, tho Federation
of Women Civil Servants, the London
Country Council Staff Association, and
kindred organizations, which represent
in all somo 174,000 workers never before jointly orgunized to protect their
speeial interests. Tho seeretary of the
federation is F. If. Norman, 40 Bedford
Streot, Strand.
Some of the things the federation
has undortukon nro:
Reform in income tax regulations
which, it is claimed, press to heavily
on professional workers.
Moro adequate supply of middlo class
houses and lower routs.     '
Reductions of railroad fares.
•   •   *
Engineers Oet Togothor
London.—Engineers nnd allied trades
are getting together in nn effort to
dbta'n u shorter working wook, the abolition of overtime and unemployment,
control of working conditions, and the
conversion of wur wages nnd bonuses
into wagon and minimum rates.
The method of procedure is to have
thc. local organizations take action
within n givon time. If satisfaction is
not obtained, tbo matter is to be submitted to a central conference where
they will bc taken up in a national
The usual procedure for avoiding disputes between tho employers' federations and trades unions will bo rigidly
Glasgow Striko Broken by Troops
London.—Issues of the Labor Leader,
official organ of the Independent Lubor
purty, givo a detailed account of how
the Glasgow strike, till mention of which
hnd dropped out of tho Americnn press,
vas broken up by force. It is charged
that the police mado an unprovoked
attack upon men, women and ohlldren
gathered in Oeorge Square after a procession which had brought the crowd
thero to hear the report of the sfriko
committee in session with the Lord
Provost at the City Chambers. Tbe police started to olub thc multitude mid,
taken unawares, they were driven off
tho square. Embittered by the treacherous attack) the crowd rallied, hurled
the police back across the square.
Thereupon attack and counter attack
followed each other until the lubor lem!-
crs, already under arrest, managed to
make themselves heard and prevailed
upon the mass to march away to Glasgow Green. After that large numbers
of troops were poured into tho city
with machino guns and tunics and tbo
striko was broken!
Socialists Urge New Orientation
Paris.—The committee fur the Advance of national Socialism of thn Fed*
eratoin of the Seine recently held a
meeting in Paris to deeide upon energetic action to establish anew the principles of the French national section.
"The particular curious circumstances
which surround us," writes Le Populairo, "tho dangers thnt. oach day confront the advent of Socialism in a capitalist world, the chaos, tho treason of
some comrades, the sidcs-lopplng of
othors, the necessity of maintaining and
improving ihe propaganda and tho tactics so that they mny produco better
results, such are the reasons for tho
immediate action to which wo wish to
commit ull of our militant comrades,"
Industrialism Spreads Rapidly
Athens.—Over 70,000 workers have
already joined the recently featablislied
Greek Federation of Lnbor, Theso
workers come from 25 different industries and uro grouped into 200 unions.
Thc union is a purely industrial organization, und in its preamble recognizes
thc class struggle as its basic principle.
It has already affiliated with the Trado
Union International, and has pledged
itself to work for the sulidarity of the
working classes of Europe.
Tho platform of tho now organization displeased some twenty small conservative unions of the town of Lamia
to tho extent that they havo refused to
accept tlio new federation, charging it
with having strong Bolshevist tendencies. *|
As in other countries, as also in
Greece respective measures aro being
used to curb thc workers in their onward sweep toward industrial democracy. Thus M. Si der is, Socialist deputy
in the Greek parliament, has been cited to appear boforo a court-martial,
charged with having incited tho workers to riot.
In Balonika threo young workers of
tho cigarmakers' union were arrested
and imprisoned in tho fortress of tho
city, tho accusation ngainst them boing that Ihey wcro active in spreading
Bolshevist nnd atheist doctrines.
Through the intervention of the Socialist deputies two of the young men wero
however set free,
Socialist Oonvention Plans En-
orgetic Activity
Madrid.—Ten full days of exhaustive
debate marked the eleventh national
Cociallst congress held here, and resulted in thu adoption of 'aggressive
measures for extending socialist propaganda, ospcciully into rural districts;
for lending a hand in the re-establish-
ment of the Internationale; for establishing socialist day schools and women's evening schools; and for co-operating with the general union of workers in a comprehensive study of nil tho
problems of national life, especially
those affecting the workers.
Tho congress expressed its sympathy
with the workers of Russia, Germany
aud Austria in thcir strugglo for a
proletarian stnte.
The official organ of the party, El
Socialists, eame in for a round of criticism because of its partisan espousal
of tho Allied cause, to tho detriment
it was charged, of tho international
principles to which it should have adhered.
On tho question of aiding in the propaganda for establishing a republican
form of government in Spain, it was
decided that tho Socialist party, besides
continuing its propaganda against monarchist^ should appoint a committee
charged with co-operating with the Be-
. publican party in such matters in which
as Socialists they could consistently co*
. operate.
At tho request of Loeal Oviedo, a
resolution was passed calling iipon members of the pnrty working in newspaper
Henceforth 31st' January, 1919, will
bo known in Glasgow as Bloody Friday, and, for tl^cjjme of attacking
defenseless worker*,,, the citizens will
hold tho authorities responsible. The
polico "have once'' more been used as
hirelings to bludgeon the workers,
The workers wfl^wot forgot.
Thc outrage looks like a prearranged
affair by the master class., As arrauged
on Wednesday, a deputation from tho
joint committee, composed of Shin well, -
Kirkwood, Neil Maclean, Hopkins and.
other delegates waited on thc Lord
Provost in tho .City Chambers to receive the reply from tjho Prime Minister and tho Ministor of Labor, in' response to his Lordship's own appeal for
government intervention. Whilo the
deputation were .'kept waiting for
twenty minutes, and, while thero,. tho
polico wero ordered to draw tho:r batons and forcibly disperse tho crowd
of strikers who1 were standing in Georgo
Squaro until the Reputation returned,
On hearing fh-e b sound of conflict,
Rhinwell nnd Kirkwood rushed out to
holp in'restoring order; but instead o£
listening, the police made ah attack
on them too, nud Kirkwood was foiled
to the grouirtl. Tho strikers covered
Sidnwell successfully, and got him clear
away without injury.
Those who nppealed for order were
nlso clubbed, as were other, strikers
who wore quietly inclined, as shown by
thcir defenseless condition.
The bludgeon Attack on the strikers
in front of the City Chambers wus deliberately ordered by thc officers, ond
wty> unprovoked.
Tho meoting in front of the City
Chambers was quiet and orderly, and
was being addressed by members of
the striko committee until tho deputation returned from tho interview with
the Lord Provist. Shin well, beforc tho
deputation entered ..the City Chambers
nppealed to thc"ermvd to bo of good
behavior, and this appeal wus endorsed
by other speakers. The audience, which
was turned towards.tho Gladstone stat-
uto, on whieh the speakers were perch-
Ou, overflowed into the street fronting
the Chambers,-ami1 in this avenuo the
police allowed two motors to run into
tho crowd, with, the result that two
men were knocked down and injured.-
Tliis annoyed the strikers, who appealed
to the police to turn the vehicle traffic
by another street—a not unreasonable
Tho reply was—n polico attack on
tho strikers, who stood their ground,
and the police w^lhjrjiw after an appeal from the sp^-nltyrs. The mounted
police then arriv^ jjnnd in a display
offices to make eoiimum cause with tlieir
follow workers irrncasp the workers in
nny department of' the office, whether
it be editorial or managerial, decided
upon a striko. Paido Iglcsias was oleetod president of thfeexecutivo committeo
and editor of Elrf-Sjoe-ialistn; n"d Comrades Rcstoiro un-diAhguiano, vico-pres-
ident and secretaJjaHiMpcctively.
Workers GalA All Along Line
Madrid—Conce^Sins all along tho
iinc lo tho worker-^Jjiave resulted in tho
colling off of the jge^yral striko in Barcelona. The worKoi*R,wore successful.in
having a mWiimunrwngc established, in
compelling tile" gov^rnm~ont to dcinobo-
lize immediately all strikers called to
the colors, and in securing n pledge that
employers will adopt no reprisals.
TTnentployment Beaches Alarming
Copenhagen—Unemployment during
the year .1018 was bad enough, but sine**
the beginning of this year has steadily
increased to such alarming proportions
ns to overshadow all other questions
nnd problems. Tho maximum of unemployed during difficult periods before
this was 50,000. Now the number has
gone beyond 03.000 -tin dthe end is not
yet. The government is frantically trying to meet the situation. Laws havo
been passed for subsidizing labor union
benefit funds, for establishing governmental employment bureaus, for loaning money to various communities to
enable them to undertake public works,
otc. Conferences have been summoned
at the ministry-of-tluMnterior botwoen
representatives of the''trades unions and
the employers associations in the hope
of relieving the situation. No one will
venture lo predict what it will all load
The Worm Turns Even Here
Peking—No little consternation has
been caused in government circles by
the report from Petrograd that a Chineso Labor organization, 60,000 members strong, has been formed for the
purpose of carrying the propaganda of
revolution into China and organizing
Soviets throughout the country. Tho
government hus adopted tlio expedient
which other capitalistic governments
are helplessly embracing ns Bolshevism
invades their territory—it has appointed an investigating committee to soo
what can be done about it.
Natives of India Starring
St. Louis—"After 102 years of British Christian rule, tjie Indian nation is
in a starving contrition," waB the startling assertion iniiilo by Br. N. S. Hurdi-
ker, associate editofo'f Young India, in
an address before "the Friends of Irish
Freedom here. Only one per cont. of
tho 315 million people in India aro able
to speak English, M declared, and all
demands of tho Indians that universal
und compulsory education be introduced
has been met with tho rejoinder that
there is not enough money available.
Vet *100,000,000 ip faken each year by
Great Britain froin'India to "protect"
tho Indian people by arms and ammunition. "Over 15tf,'00-ri,000 people in In-
dia do not know what it means to have
a squaro meal," was another comment
of Dr. Hardikor in the conditions pro-
vailing in his couhtrV. In October, 1917,
India offered Gr^at1 Britain 10,000,000
soldiers in return for home rule, he asserted.
Communism Is Imminent
Rotterdam—With four avowed Bolshevists in tho national parliament, nnd
with Communist committees organized
in practically every town of Holland,
tho threat of David Wynkoop, who is
called "Holland's Little Liobknocht,"
that a goncrul strike will soon be declared appears to bo backed by more
than mere words. In fact, the three
biggest trade unionist groups in Holland are in activo relation with the
four deputies. These groups are affiliated with tho National Workmen's Secretariat, of which Bernard Lansink is
the directing hoad. Lansink works
hand in glove with..Wynkoop nnd arranges for Labor demons! rations when,
ever Wynkoop desires this reinforcement.    Tho  head of  tho  Communist
of trick riding, two of them allowed
their horses to fall, which caused the
crowd to chaff the bulky Tod Sloans.
This chaff was an awful violation Of
tho sacred dignity of the police, who
apparently lost their reason, and made
a mad rush with drawn batons on the
defenseless crowd. The infuriated men
in uniform struck wherever they sa'w a
Appeals-from tho speakers for peace
fell on deaf ears and tbo mounted and
foot police, who -struck out right and
left. The strikers put up the best defense possible with bare fists, but, being unarmed, they woro gradually forced back, retreating in order and without panic.
Shinwcll spent the afternoon at the
strike committeo rooms organizing; at
night he, too, is arrested. Trninload
after trninload of troops is rushed into
tho city; machine guns arc placed on
the vantago points; signalling from
rooftops; soldiers evorywhoro with bayonets fixed. The week end passed
Tho Dnily Nows special correspondent, an eye-witness, writes:
"The rioting and sporadic outbreaks
of hooliganism in Glasgow on Friday
were followed by swift govornment action to restore ordor in the city. This
hus been achieved by a display of overwhelming military force. Sonic thousands of Scottish nnd English troops
were brought into the city during Friday night, and yesterday morning thoy
were distributed in detachments. The
City Chambers, railway stations, and
various other places are now strongly
guarded by soldiers, with field equipment and wearing steel helmets. Macn-
inc guns, eo'ls of barb wire, and other.
material aro located at convenient
points. In the course of a long experience of strikes and outbreaks of disorder in industrial disputes I have never seen such extensive preparations for
repression, and it is obviously tho * intention of the government to crush
with thc least possible delay both tho
strike and tho small movemont of revolt which lies-behind it."
Autocracy smiles again. The workers subdued by tho mailed fist of capitalism will not forget. Lloyd George
stated that Prussianism at home would
be treated in thc same way as on thc
' Continent and his threat was not long
before being in action. Is it Prussian'
ism for thc workers to nsk for a forty-
hour working woek and thus enable the
men returning from France to got employment? Is it Prussianism to ask for
a living wage, while the master class
are rotting in wealth produced by the
1 workers! These aro questions which
we would liko Lloyd George to answer,
although machino guns, barbed wire
and  steel  helmets  aro  surely  answer
enough.   And the enemy!	
German Junkers! no; Kaiser Bill! no;
—the unarmed wage-slaves with no Red
Guard, only a strike committee.
Capitalism is lurking behind its last
defense. Thirteen veins in Russia
brought the armed forces to join hands
with the members of their own class—
in these days months will accomplish
what it took years to do bofore 1914.
The die is cast. Tho future belongs
to tho proletaire.
In 1905 tho streets of Petrograd Tan
rod with blood of thc Russian working
A mass demonstration had been called and thousands of workers lined up
for an orderly procession ns a protest
ngainst thiir terrible conditions, nud
with the intention of presenting to
"tho Little Father"—the cznr—a petition asking him to uct on his behalf.
An orderly procession was quickly
turned into a bloody massacre; men
women and childron being killed when
tho. armed guards fired into the crowd.
Thus thi« demands of the workers wcro
answered with shot and shell; and as
the same snow changed from white lo
scarlet—being dyed with the life-blood
of tho Russian people — autocracy
smiled and wns victorious.
Thirteen years have elapred since
Russia's "bloody Sunday" and tho
perpotators of same have passed from
view being hidden under the debris
of their crimes. Gone, aye, and forgotten too, in the joy of the birth of tho
Soviet republic.
The scene is changed. Autocracy is
looked for in vain in Russia uow, wo
must scok it elsewhere; and lo, in Bon-
nio Scotland it leers forth in all its
hideousness.—From tho Glasgow Forward.
group is Engcldor Bouwman, an ultra
radical who maintains close relations
with the Soviet leaders at Moscow, and
with the Spurtncides of Germany.
* *   •
Aid to Returning Soldiers
Amsterdam—Soldiers returning to
civil life in Holland are provided for
in the following manner: The government gives to euch soldier as he leaves
tho service, onc new pnir of shoes and
one new suit of underclothing. Sixty
days' full pny is to bc given to those
soldiers who have others dependent
upon them for support. When ncces-
sury, soldiers will receive reimbursement for expenses incurred in moving
their families and household effects
baek to original homes. Furthermore,
financial support is to be extended to
members of thc class of smuller tradesmen to tide them over thc Iransition
period, through the same national relief committeo, the stato furnishing lho
necessary funds, Tbe government is
urging omployers to take back soldiers
on full pay. Whero this is financially
impossible, the employee will secure financial assistance from the national relief committee if the employer will givo
a petition to tho soldier.
• «   t
Shippers Object to Blacklist
Amsterdam—A good deal of dissatisfaction is felt among Hollanders becauso thc English blacklist, fur from
being withdrawn, now that hostilities
hnvo ceased, is still being increased by
the addition of new names. Owing to
certain firms being on the blacklist, the
British and United States governments
prevent their ships from taking cargo
in British or American ports, or bunker.
ing in any coal station controlled by
these countries. This means that about
35 vessels of an aggrogate tonnage of
102,000 tons aro kept idle, when the
world noods shipping so badly.
Clergy Tries to Stem Socialist Tide
The Hague, Holland—How menacing
to the established order is the amazing
spread of Socialism, appears from the
fact that the Dutch Roman Catholic
bishops have tinned a joint pastoral on-
joining all Catholics not to becomo
membors of a Socialist organization, or
to give active support to it, or to read
Socialist publications, o r to accept tho
teachings of Socialists. The letter
states that thoso who are Socialists or
support Socialist doctrine must renounce thoir membership in the church,
and thoso who continue to read Socialist publications must bo restrained from
receiving any sacrament.
i i.j
Patrontm B. C. Federatlonist advertisers nnd tell them whv vou dn sa.
Clean Cut
Style, and method, produce clement clothe.. Thtn ia Ml*
of the cheap, flatihj-, frippery atyle
about oor suita, either for men W
women. They ana iterling high-elan
production! throughout. Bnilt from
the beat designs by the beat cuttora aid
made throughout by Union workera—
experienced craftsmen. Do you wilder that our trouble ia not to aell tt*
auita, but to produce them faat wougk
to stem tha Editor ruahl
$45 up
For MEN,
$35 up
The B.C. Tailoring Co.
Our Economy Basement
Offers the Greatest Shoe Values in the City
Men's Work Boots, Union Made .
Boys' "Steelite" School Boots, 1 to 5 $3.95
Youths,' "Steelite" Boots, 11 to 13 $3.45
Little Boys' "Steelite" Boots, 8 to 10'/2 ...... $2.95
Misses' "Steelite" School Boots  .$3.35 .
Girls' "Steelite" Boots, 8 to 10% L^_Z__jfao&
Children's "Steelite" Boots, 4 to V/_  .$2.35
Outing Rubber Soled Shoes at lowest prices in the city.
Pkone Seymou 71.0
Third Floor. World Bulldiof
VAKOOtmEB, B. O. ,
—The only Union Hhop In  VonconTfr— I
rxmnu a*d fubijssiu
ronton to Tkt TsUnUnim
Ws   aro   Bow   prepared   ta   do   itWM* {
ypinK /or tbe trade.    Write for priee-k /
Valley Dairy Approved Milk Is From
A Single Herd of Purebred
flavor, fine, cool aud eatisfyin^. A glass of this
creamy Milk is eagerly sought by children who havo
onco tiiKtcd it. Its rich, full-bodied flavor gives an
added deliciousncss i\li.*ti used in cnoking.
cause of the care and pride which in taken in this
wonderful prize-winning herd of purebred HoUieins,
Curried, brushed and udders washed beforc. each
milking—housed in a barn that is spotlessly clean
nnd flooded with sunlight from numerous windows—
and pastured in the luxuriant meadows of Lulu Island
with generous helpings of the best grains—all add to
the richness of this Milk.
Enjoy H regularly. Lot the children have plenty, and
use it in your cooking. It represents lru« cwuiuaiv in
eleventh tbab.   No. is    THB BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    tamcotjtm, b. c._
.April 11, 1919
•eery Friday morning by the B. 0.
b-edcratlonlat, Li-mited
A.  S.  Weill	
Mee: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel Exchange Seymour 7495
liter 6 p.m.,  Seymour 7407K
S-rbeerlptloa Eatna: United Statu >nd
Foreign. 92.00 per yeu; Cnnnda, |1.50
p«r yenr; ln Vnnconver City, $2.00 per
yenr; to Unlont subscribing in » body.
$1.25 por member per yenr.
••Unity of Labor:   tbe Hope of tht World"
..April 11, 191»
THE question of the One Big Union
seems to be the dominating topic
of tho day in thia province. Every
bal union is discussing the question.
It is being discussed from every aogU(
and    arguments    pro
ONE tnd con ate numerous.
Bid To those that consid-
V-NION or the proposal to be
the idea or product of
any individual mind, we would suggest
feat thoy get in touch with the history
tt the Ubor movement. By so doing;
tbey will lind that as tho industrial
have developed, so have the ideas aa
to the form that industrial organizations should tak*. Tho prosent idea is
-Is break down all craft barriers, and to
feting the workers into one largo industrial organisation, based not on crafts,
hst on industries as they now operate
This idea is due to the fact that mod-
•ra industries have first broken down
tho craft lines of demarcation. The
dilution of labor during tho war has
feeen no mean factor in the development of the Idea. Today we find that
_% almost every trade pr industry, that
men are capable, by the aid of modern
machinery and methods, of taking up
many parte, whieh in tho past could
only Im performed by highly skilled
mechanics. During the shipbuilding
hoom on the coast, this has been most
noticeable, and in many cases men
have carried two or more union cards.
Again, from the very nature of industry, it has become apparent to the
workera, that their interests are more
im common in the industry and district
m which they work, than they are in
■eations seatterod all over the continent, in small groups covering only a
email portion of the industry in which
they perform a part.
♦ ..*».
A carpenter is a carpenter whether
fee ia working in a mining camp, or in
a "city building houses, bnt his interests
ns a carpenter are linked up with the
men in the mining industry if he is
working in the mine, and he loses hia
identity aa a craftsman in the industry
which tehee many kinds of labor to
nn. The same mny he said of a machinist. A machinist ie more interested in the industry ef shipbuilding if he
worka in a shipyard, nnd the interests
of the many workers in that industry,
than fee is in the machinist working in
a contract shop, in New York for example, yet we find that the workers
Me Knhed up with men in their craft
organisations, with men not working in
Ihe aaase industry, and divided inte
many groaps in the industry w which
they are earning their living.' A boil-
nrmaker has more in common with the
shipyard weaken in the yard in whioh
he if working, than he has in a hotter
. feotery ia the Bant, yet he is now eon-
Meted with the boilermaker in the
enst, but separated from the shipwright, the machinist and the plumber,
nnd so on ia the place in which he
works, nnd ia which he it more intereited, because if a shipyard is tied up
by one trade, it is not long before it
Is tied up for all tradea. This appliee
to all industries. It is also a weak*
ness if the men in one branch are working in an industry and aids the employer ra starving one section into line,
while the others work. Another factor
b the growing elaes consciousness of
she workers, and the restrictions
placed en their efforts while divided
Into small factions, carrying on juris-
Actional fights over who should work.
. The workers rea-Hae that this method
of organisation is not in keeping with
the development of the different coon-
. tries, henee the shop stewards system
in Great Britain, the Ono Big Union
ia Australia and Canada, and the
movoment for industrial organization
in the U. S. A.
* «       •
The logical development ef the in-
dastrial organisation ie towards the industrial councils that will be necessary
to operate industry on the co-operative
baeis, when the present system is ne
more. That tho industrial movoment
has been the kindergarten of the International Socialist movement, none who
understand the movement can deny it.
It is true thnt tbe development of industry hu made it necessary for a
change Vn the economic structure of society; it is also true that the same development, whieh brought the workert
together ia their industrial organisations, where they hod to deal with the
many problems that arose out of thn
wage system, gave the workers the
outlook where they could begin to understand the naturo of their exploitation. In the days when machinery wae
first introduced, tho workers realized
that the machine would displace labor,
and thoy resented its introduction by
breaking the machines, which were the
forerunners of tlio presont machines of
production, and wcro necessary for tho
development of the capitalistic system,
and no new ordor could be possible until thia system had beon fully developed. Tho hotter workers ure organized
industrially, tho better they are posted
on the real issuo that faces them, This
' fan be borne out by many instances
nnd cannot be refufod. If this is so,
then tho bringing of the workers together into an organization that will
Stamp out false distinctions botweon
the workors, and by so doing making
the class distinctions in socioty clearer,
then it is the duty of evory educated
Member of tbe working class to assist
In bringing this about, If, however, it
tan bo proven that the One Big Union
will divide the workers, then it should
be defeated. But this is impossible.
It may be argued that we should start
the reformation of the movement from
thc inside, bnt Nero Fiddled while
Bome burnt, and the only way to reform the American Federation of Lnbor
is to destroy it. It is like the system
that gavo it birth, impossible of reformation, and is beyond salvation. It
is fenced around by a machine that has
taken many years to build up, based as
it is on the. per capita tax system,
which has been the curse of the American labor movement. There is little
hope of reform. The question for every
member of organizod labor to ask himself when his ballot is being marked is,
will the formation of the One Big
Union assist thc workers in thcir struggle for freedom f The question of tho
individual craft, or thc individuals following that craft is too narrow an issue
in these days. The class position is the
only one to take, and if the new form
of organization is in lino with tho dovelopment of modem industry, and tho
evolution of industry has made it possiblo for a now order of socioty to be
born, then the workers should voto for
tho form of organization that will help
to assist in the bringing into boing of
that new order, when there shall be
neither muster nor slave, and tho world
will soo a roal freedom based on the
sound basis of a domocratic control,
and oporation of the means of weulth
production, giving to the workor the
product of his toil, and bringing back
the day, whon man shall live by the
sweat of his brow instead of tho toiling
millions of a slavo class.
WITH THE exception of those
that arc dead from the chin up,
everybody   is   convinced   that
some drastic changes will have to be
made before there can bo anything like
domocracy    in    this
WHAT world.     Some  think
ABE by capital and Labor
THET? coming together, that
a more "equitable"
distribution ot this world's wealth,
could bo made, othors think that there
should be a sharing of the profits with
the workers. It has, however, never
struck us that a man robbed by an
highwayman, would be very much placated by tho highwayman sharing the
spoils with him. The ono thing, however, that is bothering a lot of people
is, will the changes, whatever thoy may
be, be brought about by constitutional
* *     ■ •
To have an understanding of constitutional methods, it becomes necessary
to investigate into those measures that
are generally accepted as being constitutional. We can find many instances
of constitutional methods during the
past four years that would appear to be
unconstitutional when put into operation by the working class. The Russian
Soviet government is strongly denounced for the suppression of bourgeoise
publications, and we are informed that
this is unconstitutional methods. Yet
this has been the constitutional methods used by the governments of every
nation engaged in tbe war. Working
elass literature has beon banned, and
those found with it in their possession
have been thrown into jail. The prevention of the late ruling class in that
eountry from voting, or taking any part
ia the election of the men that are now
directing affairs in it, is denounced as
being undemocratic, and unconstitutional, aad at the samo time every nation that is still under capitalistic control, has the restriction of the franchise
in some form or another. In Canada
at the last election, we had the War-
Times Election Act, which enabled the
government to hand-pick the electorate.
In the Provinee ef British Columbia,
organised, labor has nsked time and
time again for the unrestricted franchise ef the people, but yet we find that
owing to the present election acts, that
at least half of the people have no politieal privileges at the day of election.
But this is perfectly constitutional, and
ia the law of the land. It is the law of
the land which has given the police the
power to use batons, etc., and soldiers
te uae machino guns on the rebellious
slaves in Great Britain, at such plaees
at Featherstone, and only recently at
Glasgow, yet all of those things whon
done by the working class, whon it obtains power in any country, is strictly
unconstitutional, and undemocratic. Today Debs faces ten years in the penitentiary, Maclean in the old land is doing five years for having the courage
of hia convictions, and voicing them.
Theso men differed with their respective governments, and honce they are
political prisoners. In Bussia, there are
counter revolutionists in prison for
thoir activities, and the Soviot government is denounced for placing them in
durance vile. To the ruling class of
this day an of the things done by the
Soviet government of Russia arc constitutional, and perfectly legal when done
by it, but thoa tho ruling class is the
one that says what is constitutional,
and what is not.
* *      •
The working class will bring about
the changes necessary for its own good,
as enrly as possiblo. The workors have
no desire to start any rough-house
methods; they know just what those
methods mean, having boen subjected
to them for many centuries. Granted
tho opportunity to bring about the
changes by what have been looked
upon as constitutional mothods, they
will do se, but as political freedom is
restricted, in other worde the means of
bringing about changes aro restricted,
oithor by the stoppage of the liberty
of the individual, or groups of individuals to express their viows, and
their convictions, so will the methods
be changed to meet the new conditions.
If tho franchise is restricted so that
this method of bringing about changes
ia useless, then other methods will bo
adoptod. If thc wish of tho majority
is not accepted by the reactionary element in society, whon the working
class is in power, then the proper
means will bo takon to seo that those
that oppose thom, will bo made submissive to the will of the majority.
These methods will be perfectly constitutional, us the workers will have
the power to enforco them, just as
the present ruling class has tho power
to enforce its decrees. But as Maclean
Baid at his trial, the Bussian revolution
was tho most free from troublo of any
rovolution in the world. Lens trouble
was seen in Russia than was seen at
the Paris Commune, and so it Is in
Germany today, the so-called atrocities
of tho Spartacans are mere press fabrications. The working olass took control in Hungary without any trouble,
aad, as Raymond Bobbins hae said, in
any American newspaper you can read
of more trouble ia a day than there
wae in Bussia. Thn working class will
aot display, nor hnve the workers over
shown, that spirit of vindietivenesa
that has been shown to the workers by
the ruling class down through the
ages. The mission of the workers is
to freo tho people from slovory in any
form. That thoy will adopt the measures thut will, be necessary to carr}' out
that mission, there is no doubt. The
amount of opposition from the reactionaries will determine tho methods
used. When the object is finally achieved, then government by force, orders-
in-council, which are the abrogation of
constitutional methods, will bo swept
aside. And the people will ba free politically, because they will be economically free, and thoir economic slavery
Ib the only reason for the government
of men and repressive measures.
.Slaves have no constitutional methods,
because their mastors determine what
is constitutional, and what is not, and
any attempt to overthrow the rule of
king capital is an attack on the ruling
class privileges, and to that extent
will be declared unconstitutional.
THE situation in   Europe   becomes
more interesting evory day.  The
Leaguo of Nations has evidently
met a setback, and tho   diverse   economic interests of tho   allied  nations
have   brought   tho
CAUSE Peace Conference to
FOR the point where it
HOPE is the joke of the
world. Rumors are
as thick as blackberries in the summer
time, and it is hard to realizo just what
is happening, but it is vory evident
that there is trouble amongst the victorious nations, and the main concern
now seems to be the ever-growing
demonstrations of tho power of the proletariat. From every country the nows
is wafted of tho growing spirit of discontent on the part of the workers, and
tho ruling class is impotent to cope with
the situation, and tho workers are realizing the necessity of taking control of
affairs themselves. Tho proletarian
movoment did not die with Liebknecht
in Germany, and the situation in Hungary appears bright for the continued
development of the working class control. Presidont Wilson is no longor
hailed as tho savior of humanity, and
it is even suggested that tho large financial interests of the United States
are mixed up in tho tangle. This from
a capitalistic press is enlightening.
That the financial magnates of the
world are vory much interested in tho
final settlement we never had any
doubt, and the heads of nations, or
governments of countries are but the
executives of the great corporate interests that dominate the world. The rising tide of the working class domination of the European countries has
struck terror into tho hearts of tho
members of the ruling class, and it is
becauso of this, and the diverse interests of tho different nations, that the
peace conference has become a joke, and
tho situation must devolop into a struggle botweon the working class and the
capitalistic regime for the control of
the world, which will not be settled until the present system is destroyed, and
a new oTder instituted.
* * " «
With the situation the working clnss
has no cause to object, for the ruling
class is helpless to stem the tide, and
if the Allies harken to tho appeal of
the doomed, ruling class of the late enemy countries, for troops to enable it to
stem the rise of the working class in
those countries, it. will bo t*»e signal
for the rising of the workors in France,
Italy and Great Britain, for while the ,
working class of these countries hove
been content to aid in the crushing
out of tho old militaristic regime in the
German and Austrian empires, they
will never be willing to be offered up
as a sacrifice in tho attempt to save the
system that has mado wars necessary,
and the lot of the workers suck as kept
thom in want and misery.
* ♦ *
Lord Curzon has stated in the House
of Lords that he can "aee clouds on
the horizon which may burst at any
moment in a more sinister form than
anything yet seen. He nlso reported
that Vienna had appealed for help to
save it from the fate of Budapest. He
may think that ten thousand troops
would save it, but all the legions of
the world cannot stop the working elass
from coming into its kingdom. The
war was the last act of the old order. It
was the culminating point of ita dovelopment. It cannot clean up the
mess that it has made. The workers
atone can make the world safe for democracy. That the working class has
commenced on the task before it, none
can deny, unless they are blind. Russia
flrst in the forefront has led the way,
and the rest of the world must follow.
Anarchy and starvation must be the
condition, unless the workors take the
helm, and while we in Canada are far
away from tho soene of the actual revolution that is now taking placo, we
oan learn, and take advantngo from the
happenings ia Europo. The United
States may be much nearer a change
than we can soe at this time, but one
thing is sure, and that is that the ond
ia in sight, and labor will within the
noxt decade tako over the world and
with a now economlo system usher in
the ora of happiness to the peoplo that
follows the centuries of effort and toil,
and made possible by tho evolution of
human socioty through the efforts of
the working class alone.
will prove ~that the mu know their
own busincsn-beut.
When Lloyd George and President
Wilson heard that the Bolsheviki had
captured Hungary, thoy both foil sick,
and have been under tho weather ever
sinco. No doubt thoy see tho end of
the reign of their class in the respective countries over which they at
present presumably roign.
It is stated that the Provincinl Governmont has laid off the men working
on the Marine Drive in Vancouver who
wore receiving four dollars per day,
and secured other help from the government labor bureaus at three' dollars
and a quarter per day, This is no doubt
a part of the thrift campaign. While
this is going on butter is Roaring in
price and house rent is getting out of
sight But the Hummer is coming, and
the returned mon and the workers genorally will be able to take refuge undor canvas.
The Machinists District Council has
decided that tho 0. B. U. is a bad proposition. The largest machinists' lodge
in tho provinee, 777, has voted as being in favor of the One Big Union.
Which of theso bodies represents the
rank and filef  Perhaps the referendum
Mr. J. £>i£eughlan did not pay any
compliment'.to. tlie inci)i.j*ont of organized labor 031 Monday when he stated,
in referring to the officers of organized
labor in tne dity, "Those leaders sow
discontent, "they breed it and live on
it'' Surely-Mr. Coughlan will give the
members of organized labor credit for
knowing their1 own business, and for
boing capable of selecting the men that
they think are most suitable to fill the
different positions. We con of course
understand that these officials do not
meet with the approval of the employers, but thoy were not chosen with that
object. If, however, the employers
would allow organizod labor to choose
the officials of the industrial concerns
in the city, it might be possible that
labor would havo some consideration
for tho employors, when the members
of the different organizations olect
their officers. In the meantime the
workers aro striving to bring about the
day whon they will control and oper-
ato tho means of wealth production in
the interests of the working class, and
choose men that will represent them in
their industrial and political organizations, and as* the omployers' interests
are different to thoso of the workers,
it is only natural that these officers do
not meet with tho approval of the employing class, but rathor the approval
of the men thoy represent. It really
is too bad that wo can't olect J. J.
Coughlan as the president of the Trades
and Labor Couneil, Mr. Shallcross as
secretary, and a few others of tho same
type as the executivo committee; then
there would be no kick coming. But
the workers always were perverse ani*
maU, and are getting moro perverse
every day, and if ono can gather anything from tho happenings in. Europe,
they are getting so perverse that they
soom to be getting control of everything. And what will capital do then,
poor thing f
Vnncouvc- Trades and Labor
-   Council
Friday, April 13, 1894
Dologatei. Geq.^ Walker, F. W. Towler
and R. Harrison appointed a committee
to draft a counter petition to that of
Board of Trade re granting a bonus to
sugar refinery.
C. D. Blackburn's letter was roferred
to now Labor Party.
President Wm, Towler and Secretary
F. P. Bishop were in their places, at
regular meeting hold in Union hall
Trado is still dull.
Nanaime "Miners Are Not
Given Increase Granted
by "Commission
The miners at Nanaimo complain
that the award made by the Fair*Wage
Commission 'iri-the mining industry is
not being lived up to by the Wostorn
Fuol Company, and the Jingle Pot Company.   Tho award is as follows:
In compliance with instructions contained in order-in-council No. P. C. 53/
151, dated January 21st, 1919, we, the
commissioners authorized under said
order-in-council, beg to submit for your
consideration and approval a report oa
our findings upon tho fluctuations in the
cost of living, affecting the coal mining
area oa Vancouver Island, British Columbia, during th. poriod under investigation, September 30th to December
31st, 1918.
Tho list of commodities,, comprising
foodstuffs, meats, etc., which your commissioners have adopted as a basis to
determino the fluctuations in the cost
of living, is the tame that has been
used on previous adjustments itt th*
coal mining area of Vancouver Island,
and has been submitted by, and received the endorsation of the miners concerned. ._.	
The method' adopted by the commission in determining the amount to be
awarded, was to take the percentage of
inerease, or decrease, as the ease may
be, of Decembor 31st as against September 30th, adding two-fifths ef the
percentage of the increase of the cost
of foodstuffs as aa equivalent te cover
a like incrdase in olothing.
Ia computing the award th* bas*
rat* of the day miner, (3.00 per day,
was used a* a basis. The percentage of
increase ia th* cost of foodstuffs, meats,
otc., was added to the baso rate of tho
miner, and the amount thus obtained
was awarded as a flat increase to all
other mine employees.
During our investigations yonr commissioners visited Nanaimo, Cumberland, Ladysmith, South Wellington,
Courtonay, Union Bay, Cassidy and
Bevan, and received statements of th*
retail prices of the commodities under
investigation from 28 of th* retail merchants generally catering to the miners.
Your commissioners after a thorough
comparison of the pricos received witk
the prices of September 30th, do mak*
award a* follows:
Inereas* of foodstuffs, moats, **s   .00*8
Ailowaac* for-clothing '   .0028
Award granted    .0011
Th* above percentage added te tk*
base rat* of the day miner allows hia
an increase of two and thm-auarteis
(2%) cent* per day.
We hav* the honor to remain, youn
respectfully, — -
Jokn McAllister, for misers; Tally
Boyce, for operators;  D.  T. B«lga>,
chairman,     '   *  ,
Hen. Qidoon D. Kobertsoa,
Minister of Labor, Ottawa.
the moyie Miners union
.Resent  Treatment of Organiser Its-
Ken-d* a* Cranbrook
i Recently
At the last meoting of the Moyi*
Misers' Union thc following resolutioa
with regard to tho action of the returned men ot Cranbrook, when Organiser
MoKenzie was organizing the loggers
ia that district, was passed:
Wheroas, This organisation has heard
with amazement that some of tke citizens of Cranbrook, acting as a mob,
broke up a peacoful meeting of loggors,
called for the purpose of organization
oa Saturday, March 20th, 19M, and
later ordered Mr. McKenzie, tk* organizer, to leave town, and whereu, tkis
action ia ia direct defiance of all law
and order aad against all conception
of British flift play aad justice, this
organization* condemns such actions and
asks that an investigation b* made into
tbis disgraceful affair.
Apparel for Men
Union Store    Near Robion
Gold Medal i
Brand's Gladioli awarded   Gold     Medal   191ft,
1917,   1918.
-Now la the tlmt to plant -
America—Soft lavender,
BOe   don.,   M.00   per   100
Fnuat, rich crimson red.
Halter. salmon pink,
blotched yellow carmine
Independence, deep pink*
crimson blotch,
Latayetta. creamy white.
Mra, Prancla Kin*, vermilion scarlet.
PrlaceM* erlmson acarlet,
white throat.
Salmon Qneen, perfect salmon.
Brand'a Nixed Hybrid*, selection! from best exhibition varieties.
75c. doien.   98.30 per 100.
Paaamat deep rose, *UW
dosen, ffcOO per 100.
OardM   OuUU Md   Catatonia   Free,
I     723 Robson SK     [
Shows How
Oould Enforce Economic Equity
Publishod weekly.
♦1.50 a year te Canada
"The "Almighty Dollar", "Cooperation ",   etc.,  free,   if  yoa
mention this paper,
Box OS, Long branch, Wash.
United Warehousemen's Association
Th* next regular meeting of the association will be held oa April 26 instead ef April 18, owing to Oood Friday being a holiday. There will also
be a special meeting en April 90. All
members are requested to remember
those dates aud turn out ia force. Have
you bought your ticket for tk* big
amalgamation dance sn April IT at
Lester Court!
At Ike PantsfH
"Hiu 1920," a musical eoneiy evrUtr,
featuring Olive Calloway, Bunny sad W«tten
and Eva Warden, aa well as a ehoras of
kandaeiae girla, will be tko headline attrao*
ttea af tha aew bill at Pentageo, opening
with tha matinee performance Monday. A
•pedal added attraction Is "Who Ia Hat" a
comedy offering that la aald to be prof/lag
eaa of tha blggeat laughing hlta tho clrcslt
has played thla seanoa. McClelland and Carson, man and maid, baro a funny aet they
eai "Oh, Sarah." Irene TreYette ia the
gin wbo is known to recont vaudeville fan*
aa "Maid af the Allies." iho la a ainglng
comedienne aa doffers song hits la Italia*,
fronch and Kngllah.
Tbo thro. Weetea alitor, have * musical
Mt combining vocal aad InatrnmoMal arloe-
tt.ua. Harry Hart 1, aa eeoentria dancer,
who le .*U_ to ban aame nr eeneul Hep-
In addition to the hundred and ont meipensivo
Easter gifts which you will find in our store we hav*
not forgotten the man who wants something "ft
little better."
There is nothing better than a Birks' Diamond—It
is THE Easter Gift.
There's a display of diamond and platinum dress rings ol
Birks' quality ranging from tit to $200. Bar Fin* afcn ill
many beautiful designs,  Let us show you tteso,
"The Hoom Behind the Goodi!*
"As ia a game of cards, so ia tk* gam et I
Ufe, we must play witk what ia   dealt  us, J
and the glory consists not so mush in wi
ning as in playing a poor band w*D."
"Strike Notice"
UNION MEN, do you know
that the next strike in Vancouvor is going to be an
It will be the greatcet strik*
for you, provided you hold a
paid-up membership in the BUB-
BODY" knows there is oil ia
Don't wait until "EVEBT.
BODY" knows there is oil in the
Fraser Valley.
Alt tbe Director, of tbta Company
are, or formerly were, UNION men,
repreeentlng FIVE different Unions.
Thoy know yonr poaltion, tkerefora
you are aaaured of a atralght deal.
Tb. SURU-f OIL OO. share, ara
tke but bay la tbo city. Cell and
I will prove II. LIMITED ISSUE, I
eanta par ahare.
Small capitalisation, largo hoM-
Oat yonr orders la QUICK. Csa
only b. obtained from "
G. Gatheral Fleming
Phon* 8*7. taa
Opes till 0 Saturday evening
Clients who patronise my
offices can be absolutely
Every modern method
kaown in the science of dentistry is applied for the alleviation of pain.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Opening Evening* 7 to I
•'clock.  Dental Nun* la
Over Owl Drag Itort
Phon* gey. MSI
-At J. N. Harvey's Olothing Stores-
Real Suit
Our now Spring Clothing, that gives perfect satisfaction, is
arriving, brimful of "pep," and portraying smart and attrao-
tive styles, comSmed with "PIT" guaranteed, also unsurpassed "QUALITY."
$30, $35, $40, $45, $50
Less 10 per oent. discount to soldiers and navy men.
J. N. Harvey
125-427  HASTINGS   WBST
Alio SUMS Tate* St, Victoria, BA
look for flu Bir am, sta-aw Slra-
Bank of Toronto
Assets 1*4,000,000
Deposit* ._ ______ - SS.000,000
Joint Savings Aeooant
A JOINT Sarin** Account may ta
speed et Tke Baak ot Tonal*
la tha name ef two er morn
persona. Ia tboae aeeoants either*
perty may alga etaqaea or depoeit
money. For tk* different saomboi*
of a family or a arm a Joint aeaoaat
ia often a groat convenience, loterea-i
Is paid on balances.
Vancourer Branah:
Corner Hsstiags aat Oaa-Mo Streets
:   Brsaekee at:
Vicuna,   Kerrttt, low Weota-sasM
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabric-
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent witb
Society Brand
'    Rogers BniMinf
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
ThMueds ef UMOB VMS cany a
_loka.ee sad Aoeidoat Poller wllk
Merchants Casualty Co.
Ou poller «•*■ -W.Ov P« dmA
and op.
Onr potior 9*7* tot All tccltatt.
Oar poller 9*7* for eterjr know*
dls MM.
Ou addreu is 801 Borers Balldbg.
Onr phone number li Ser. 3755.
We wnnt ft capable represe&tfttlf*
ln efteh OHIO* LOOAL.
Btag np Pbone Seymonr ISM tot
Dr. W.J. Curry
-Mt* m Dominion BdMttf
•nd Ml tham whr to* da a*. -w*
ornoiAL nm
t-noa or
In Vancouver
City, MOO
) $1.50 PER YEAR
B. C. Federation of Labor
******      ******      ******       ******      ******      ******
Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Convention
(Continued from last issue) '
Tuesday Evening Sitting
7:30—llth Inst.
Delegate McDonnell: I have boen
naked to raiae a point of order bere
in regard this meeting. At tbe commencement of tbe session of this con*
vention it was a rulo of procedure laid
down and it was understood that there
were to be the accepted rules of the
eonvention, viz: That the morning Bitting bo from 9 to 12 p. m., and the
other meeting from 2 to 5 for the calling of these meetings. Now there has
boen no two-thirds majority flfr the
n-spcimion of the ruling. I would like
to have your ruling Mr. Chairman.
The Chairman: Tho vote taken on
the motion to adjourn to reconvene at
. .30 required, as has been stated, a
two-thirds mnjority voting in order to
carry it. The votea os registered
through a show of hands, showed 42 in
the affirmative and 27 in tho ncgativo,
making in all 69 votes but there wore
other delegates in the room who did
not- voto. The wholo delegation, 1 believe, waH here which would give a majority voto, inasmuch as I said before,
anyone who docs not vote either in tho
affirmative or the negative is accounted
as voting in the affirmative. That being so it gave the necessary two-thirds
majority to suspend.
Delegate Stevenson: Mr. Chairman,
teeing that we adjourned this mornings and afternoons sessions, I move
that we fix the timo for the conclusion
Of this evening session at 9:30.
Motion was seconded and carried unanimously.)
Delegate Casey: I arrive to a point
Of privilege in the matter of introducing a resolution forwarded by the Engineers' Union of Prince Bupert.
,    Mr. Chairman: Any objection
(There being no objection, Delegate
Casey proceeded to read the resolution.)
"Whereas members of organized labor have been, and are being brought
to trial for violation of certain orders
in council that are in themselves violations of constitutional rights.
And whereas, Tho workers .individually cannot afford to employ counsel
for their own defense;
-Be it therofore resolved, That this
annual convention of the B. C. Federation of Labor do put into motion right
here and now, machinery for inaugurating a sinking fund (either by levy
or other means that will eliminate the
aspect of charity) for the employment
of tho best logal talent in defense of
workers arrested for aforesaid political
offenses. This fund to bc open to any
orgnnized worker by application of his
union, and upon discretion of trustees
of said fund.
Be it further resolved, That this res.
olution be read at Western Conference
with the object of suggesting its adoption to all provinces."
The chairman: Doea tho chairman
understand that you juit received that
resolution from Prince Rupert!
Delegate Casey: Tho resolution was
forwarded to me by mail and reached
me today and it explains itself. It if
for tho purpose of making some provision for working men .who aro charged from time to time for political offences, who have, net the financial
means of insuring themselves of anything like a square deal in the matter
of a trial, in the way of securing this
legal defense. That resolution as stated asks this organization to make provision, to bring into being the machinery, which will provido for tho defense
of any sueh member should they be
charged and thrown into jail for those
political offenses, which most working
men are very often subject to. I think
the resolution is a wholesome one and
it should commend itself to this convention, therefore, I ask you to adopt
the resolution and I move it,
(Motion was seconded).
The Chairman: You understand the
circumstances under and to which Delegate Casey receives thiB resolution.
Are there any objections to this resolution    ' -  \
Delegate Stevenson: \ would move
"that the oonvention allow the delegate presenting thia resolution the extraordinary privilege as provided by
our Rules of Order.''
Mr. Chairman: Are thore "any objections to hearing this resolution and
whut action do you propose to take ou
Mr. Chairman: Please make your motion.
Delegate Casey: My motion is " that
the convention adopt the resolution and
refer it to tho incoming executivo to
organize machinery for its adoption,"
(This motion was seconded.)
Delegate Hubble: I take it that the
funds will be raised out of tho general
funds and if that is so, unless there is
a movoment on foot to raise somo other
lovy, other thon tho present procedure,
I tako it this matter would go by in*
atructions to the executive.
Secretary Wells: The resolution asked that tho money bo raised with a
levy from another source. With tho
programme outlined by tho convention
•o far, I can assure you, you will need
of all the money in at present, or that
, you will have for tho present year, Tho
programme outlined by this convention
is a pretty expensive proposition, and
if anything is to be done the monay
will have to bo raised by other methods
than by taking it from the general
(The chairman then put the motion
and it Was carried unanimously.)
I Delegato McDonnell: I,will also
move in thnt connection* tl*t that particular resolution be handed to the
ways and means committee, who havo
yet to meet, as to tho ways and means
of creating tho necessary funds.
Mr. Chairman: That the ways and
means committee bc asked to take up
thnt part of tlie motion just passed
upon. —
Delegato Rees: Has not this been
passed upon. I don't offer it as an objection.
Delegate Cottrell: I think the idea
is that whatever recommendation the
ways and means committee would bring
in would come beforo this convention
and havo somo weight.
The Chairman: Tho chairman wishes
to say this, that the reason that
prompted him to entertain this proposition was having in my mind tho statoment mado by tho secrotary on nuance,
nnd that the only way we have of making finance is from our affiliated membership. That being so wo would bo
in a far better position to toko up the
/question of finances with our afflliated
membership if wo took it up through
the agency of the delegates here after
thoy had had aome little discussion on
the matter. I think wo, at all times, *'
want to apply a common sense discussion to everything that comes up. You'
havo heard tho motion, aro you ready
for tho question f
(The motion was then carried unanimously.)
The Chairman: Is the committee on
officers report in a position to roportf
Delegato Cottrell: The committee on
officers' reports has, taking into account
the resolution, which the convontion
adopted with regard to legislation, etc.
considered it an essential to cut out
tho whole lot of the criticisms wo might
have had to offer. Taking the roport
of tho executivo committeo up to page
10, the officers' roport committee begs
to report as follows:
"Officers' report committee: To the
officers and members of tho B. C, Federation of-Labor.
Your committee have gone carefully
over the report of the executive committee ito page 16) and whatever criticisms they would be inclined- to offer
aa to the quantity or value of tho legislation obtained, would be criticism of
tho past policy of federation, and not
of the executive offlcors, and in view
of the fact that thiB convention has
already decided to discontinue this policy of lobbying for legislation on behalf of tho workers. We recommend
that the report be received and adopted in accordance therewith. At tho
same time wo note with regret that
the report is not signed by the members 6t the executive, but by the secretary-treasurer on behalf of tho exocutive. This does not give the membership any idea of the effective members
of tho executive who were present and
endorsed this report.
I move the adoption of the officers'
(This was seconded.)
Delegate Trotter: In view of tho little piece of criticism attached thero at
the tail end of the committee's report
perhaps the secretary can state who
was present and responsible.
Secretary Wells: When drawing up
the secretary's report I wroto to each
member of the executivo and asked
them to give me anything they desired
embodied in it, and also to make somo
suggestion for tho report. I was not
loaded down with correspondence from
tho executive, I wrote the report and
presented it to them in draft form, and
there was present at that meeting Vice-
President Winch, Vice-President Taylor, myself and Vice-President' Trotter.
Some littlo amendments were offered
by members of the executive to the
report and I was instructed to
sign on their behalf. Let me Bay,
however, Mr. Chairman, that last
year we wore in tho position where
wo lost somo members of tho executive
over various causes.
One because of the cessation of hia
activities in connection with the trades'
union movement, and another owing to
the fact that he went overseas with
the Canadian Expeditionary Force.
This was towards the latter end of the
year, and nothing waa done to replace
them, because the convontion was so
close to hand, expecting the convention to be held in January at that
time, and that. was the .roason thoso
two executivo officers were not replaced.
So far aa any oxecutivo officers are
concerned who did not report, I want
to state hero and now, that it was their
own fault and not mine.
(The report was then unanimously
adopted.)      .
Delegate Cottrell then read tho report
of the committeo on tho workmen's
compensation act.
Wo recommend the report re workmen's compensation be received and
The Chairman:   Aro you ready for
the question!
(The report carried unanimously.)
Delegate   Cottrell:    Tho   committeo
recommends the adoption of tho trustees! roport aa submitted and I move
ita adoption.
(This was carried unanimously.)
Delegate Cottrell:   Your committeo
recommend the adoption of the secretary-treasurer'a report, and would especially point out to the particular attention of the delegates tho conclusion
of the secretary that our aims must
bo in the futuro to organize and to
educate the workers.
(The motion regarding its adoption
was put and carried.)
The Chairman: Ia tho committeo on
constitutional law ready to report?
Delegato Midgley: Yes, The firat
matter your committee has to roport
on aro tho instructions contained in a
special resolution passed on Monday.
You are fully aware what tho resolution.
waa, and the instructions contained
therein. Tho first amendment we have
to submit to you is the amendment to
the preamble of the constitution by
striking out that portion beginning
with tho word "legislatively" in the
second lino and ending with the word
"future" in the thirteenth Hue, and
by substituting the following:
"And the building up of organizations of workers on industrial lines for
the purpose of enforcing, by virtue of
their industrial strength such demands
as such organizations may at any timo
consider necessary for their continued
maintenance and well being."
I may say, Mr. Chairman, that we
hnvo struck out of the preamble that
part referring to various legislative
aspirations, the eight-hour day and so
on, and have replaced it with a portion
of the resolution adopted on tho first
day, so that we could not express your
desires better thun verbating a portion of the resolution you adopted on
tho first day. I movo tho adoption of
the committee's report on thc preamble.
Delegate Moulton: I would liko to
ask tho reason for striking out "wc,
therefore, pledge ourselves." I understood that that principle had been affirmed by the convention.
Delegato Rees: I would like to ask
tho chairman a question. I understand
that by thc motion of tho first day of
the convention that wc were going to
change our policy with regard to going
to the-legislation, or the houses of
legislature, by committing and clapping hands as was expluined but we
do not say .that we are not going to
try to hnve representative^ on tho floor
of the legislature. That is a different
matter entirely and as I sec it if the
committee strikes this out from the
constitution then you are going on record of course aa being oppoaed absolutely to tho working class repreaenta-
tion on the floor of the hoaae. I would
not aay that that ia the intention*
Delogate Midgley: The Fedasntkm of
Labor ia not a political party noV a
party that places candidate! in the
field for election to tho houae ao henee
that clause does not properly belong
in the preamble of an induatrial organization. Thero ore several parties in
the field who attend to that end of it.
It does not properly belong in here.
In the trades' unions which are affiliated with this organization there ia nothing in their particular constitution,
in their proamble, which states whether
or not they shall favor the election
of a working man to parliament, and in
view of the fact, thut this federation
has changed its policy there ia no reason why it should stay, why we should
stato whether wo arc in favor of it
or not. There are political parties in
tho field which try to interest parties
oh theso propositions and as far as we
aro concerned thut is their function.
I seo no reason that because this ia
not Included that it should bo taken aa
a stand, that wc aro not in favor 'of
it. Thnt is not any of our business in
my opinion, in view of tho position wo
have taken, but this industrial organization has no political aspirations.
Secretary Wells: As far as I am concerned the expression contained in the
old preamble was of no value. As to
tho value of putting, members of our
class of the legislative floor it was only
a pious expression of opinion. I took
the Btand last year that tho B. G. Federation of Labor should not be linked
up with any political party. I take tho
same stand this year. I believe wo
should keep our industrial organizations clear of that. As I stated last
year the British Labor party has been
hampered with its affiliations with tho
trades' union movemont, and that
trades' union movement has been hampered likewise by its political affiliation.
If any political party supposing to represent the working class cannot stand
on its own feet on the platform it enunciates, then, it has no right to the
confidence of the trudes' union movement, and I am in favor of making it
plain that it shall not be linked up
with any politieal party.
Tho Chairman: The motion is that
the change in thc preamble be adopted.
What is your pleasure?
(Carried unanimously).
Del. Midgley: The next resolution
deals with Article 11 and the deletion
of everything following tho word
"session," down to.the end of that
section, and they propose that the following bc substituted for tho part deleted:
"It shall be tho duty of the Executive Committeo to act for this
Federation when the same is not in
"They shall carry out the instructions and desires of thc Federation, as expressed by the annual
conventions; they shall assist in
the organization of the workers
along industrial lines, and shall
participate in the education of the
workers to their class position in
society, to the end that wago slavery may bo abolished.
"They shall present a report of
their activities to each annual eonvention."
Del. Kavanagh: And that the words
"and thc legislative" bo also deleted.
Tho Chairman: What is your nmendment, Mr. Kavanagh?
Del. Kavanagh: I movo an amendment, that in addition to the deletion
offered by the committeo, that tho
words "and tho legislative" which
follow the word "executivo" in tho
first line bc also deleted.
Del, Midgley: Tho committee has deleted it, Mr. Chuirmnn, but I omitted
The Chairman: Is that satisfuctory,
Delegate Knvanngh!
Del. Kavanagh: Yes, that is all right.
Tho Chairman: Then wo will consider
the amendment withdrawn. (Tho adoption of tha part of the committee's report waa then put to the convention,
and carried unanimously).
Del. Midgley: The committeo recommends an amendment to Article ,9 by
striking out the words "and legislative," in tho thirteenth line. (Tho
chair put this to the convention, and it
waa carried unainmously).
Del. Midgley: The next one is a resolution covering Article 7. Tho resolution is'as follows:
"That Article 7 of tho Constitution be amended by changing tho
word 'eight' in the first line to tho
word 'three,' and by striking out
tho sentence commencing with the
words 'tho vice-president' in the
fifth line down to tho word 'interior' in tho eighth line."
That in effect is reducing the Executive Conunitteo from one of ten, to one
of five, and electing them from the
floor of the eonvention. That particular reforenco to geographical positions
that delegates muy come from or are
caadidates for offlce. In moving tho
adoption of this portion of the committee's report on Artielo 7, the majority
of the committee were of thc opinion,
that in view of tho changed policy of
the Federation, it is absolutely essential that the Executive Committeo shall
be roduced from a largo ono of ten to
five, in ordor that thoy may do tho
work, or in a word, that has been very
often usod during this convention that
they might function. We find since
coming to thie convention that only'
four of tho officers out of tho ten elected last yoar are present in this convention. In conversation with tho secretary, ho has informed me, and I havo
found from my own exporienco during
the time I wus seeretary, that it is exceedingly difficult to keep in touch
with the vice-presidents elected from
out of town unions. The present secretary will inform you that he has had
difficulty in getting replies to his letters from vice-presidents situated at
distant points, and so far us an effective executivo is concerned, they have
been those resident in or round mainland points. Wo believo that not only
will more effective work bc done in
following the policies laid down by this
convention, but that considerable expense will be saved the Federation in
calling executivo meetings, inasmuch
as the bringing of thc out of town men
entails considerable expense. Tho convention will have tho wholo delegates
to choose from to elect the fivo officer*
necessnry for the executive committoe
from tho floor of the house, instead of
picking men that come from separate
districts. I have known at some conventions that one or two men havo
been elected vice-presidents of litis
Federation for the simple reason they
were the only delegatea that eame from
a particular spot.
The committoe whoso recommendation thia ia, waa not unanimous on thia
matter aad possibly boom of tha mi
nority might havo something to aay
ahout it. The argument advanced waa <
that the outlying poitfe would feel aggrieved if they did aot have aome representation on tht- executive committee but let me point out to you that
vice-presidents havo In tho past been
having too much work in other dircc-
tiona to do or other interests intervening and have not functioned in the
particular localities ;they came from, as
they were pre-suppbsed to do by being appointed delegates, inasmuch as it
waa necessary last' year to send an officer out to do organization work in
the city of Vancouver, and in Victoria
it waB necessary for tho committee to
do some organizing'work'before thiB
eonvention could be held and wc, the
majority in-that committee, felt that
more good will be achieved by cutting
your executive down to one half, and
electing flve%f the brightest men you
have got, and putting into effect the
policies at your convention. I move the
adoption. •*;
(This waa seconded.)
Secretary Wells: Whilst the suggestions offered by the committee may
have beon good in the old form of organizations under' this form I believe
thoy would bo bad. It is true in the
pust, Mr, Chairman, that we havo not
hud the success with the vice-presidents
that wo might have, but you are about
opening now a' very different form of
organization, and while Brother Midgley has referred to tho organization
work that has been done this year, let
me point out that this is the flrst year
where the' executive committee has
been ablo to bear tho- expense of an
organizer, which in tho past has been
done by officers voluntarily. Victoria
is an example of that fact. You aro
now faced with a different proposition.
You are faced with tho proposition
whero you- are going out to organize
industrially, then if you are going to
organize industrially, you must have
some representative in those districts.
If you ..have not got a representative
in any district you will have to send
one there, and that is where the expense will be saved by having it at
ten instead of five I'was in favor of
a change at one time, and I discussed
thc matter with, a good many people
prior to the convention because I was
not satisfied with the old order. Too
much of the decision rested on tay
shoulders, or oik the shoulders of ono or
two men whom I eould get in -touch
with in a hurry, who would respond.
Howover, on this occasion, you are going to have men who are going to be
plneed in a very different position in
those outlying - spots throughout tho
Province. I want to say this: If you
are going to carry out organization
work, you havo got to depute somebody
to do it, and yourhave got to pay -them,
and if yon are Jioinfe to puy them, it
would bc far hotter to be a man chosen
at tho convention, n man who Tcsides
in tho district ,t* Carry on that work,
and by-that method you will save a lot
in transportation'"fa-pense. Might I
point out here, Hint if we are going to
try and carry out fill the work that is
intended, then the Aioney that you have
In hand is practically already mortgaged out by the ilipense to be incurred
by tho incoming*'eiecutive.
Del. Watchmajil'i'-T^is article in tho
constitution is th'e Tes ult of experience,
and whilo it is ttnfe that in part, somo
vice-presidents VaM been very lax in
relation to wrltiiig^'cttcrs or doing anything, let mc say,thiat sometimes vice-
presidents in the. city of Vancouver,
wcro absolutely inactive whilo vice-presidents in the ofltlying districts wero
always active nnd en tho job. I could
refer to various of the vice-presidents
in the outlying districts who wero an
immonso help, and whilo some of tho
executive, who were eloso in, were absolutely useless. I do* say this, that by
nn election of five men from this convention, that wherever tho convention
is held, the local color will predominate.
For instance, if this convention was
held in tho city of Victoria, I want to
assuro you that it would be at least
52 or 55 per cent, of them would bo of
the local color, would be the voting.
power of the convention. Every local
union would be thoroughly represented,
and every organization,*so far as I
know, that is affiliated with the Federation of Lnbor. If, on the other hand,
it whs held in the city of Vancouver,
as it was held in tho city of Vancouver,
thon at that convention, I say it was
very poorly represented with the size
of the organizations.
There were four of the committee
against thc recommendation of thc committee, and I want also to say that
while there were sixteen on this committee ,there were only eleven in attendance, seven voted for it and six
against it.
Secretary Wells: I movo na an
amendment that tho proposal of tho
committee bc adopted, but the number
of officers bo the same ns ut present,
thut is, to chnnge the wording of that
Del. Watchman: I second thc amendment.
Del. Kavanagh: It was pointed out
by Del. Watchman the local color which
obtains in convontion, and the fact that
loesl memberships invariably might
elect some of tbe loeal representatives.
Fortunately, wc aro situated at this
time where local culor can play no part.
We are outside thc Province of British
Columbia, and while it may bo that tho
proposal to limit the executive to five
places the movement so-called in the
hands of fewer men, though nothing
oan place tho movement in the bands
of fewer men,1 because the movement
will alwaya bk whether it bo in the
hands of any -one or not. It must bo
borne in mind 'that nt no stage of tho
game, and at Mo'time, hnvo tho executives, to my knowledge, been composed
of five men. I.remember in 3913, when
tho executivo * at; that time attempted
to make this Federation function ns an
industrial organization, thnt thore wero
only three members who functioned,
and that the balance of the executive
situated in Vancouver, in Westminster
and throughout- thc Province never
even replied to the communication, und
action had to "bc taken by those three
without waiting'for thoso replies. There
were only three active men at that
time. Now tb-f-ri, it must bc borne in
mind further/ that the particular plan
ou which the organization now proposes
to go forward is one which of necessity
will call into existence the district
boards in tho various industrinl districts. Boards whieh of themselves,
will have considerably to say as to
what the functions of any executivo
elected by this convention may or may
not Iw, and as tu how it shall bc carried out.
Bc it understood you are now electing an executive with an entirely different policy than any executivo that
has been elected beforo. You are elect-
ing an executive which has staled that
it is going to use-industrial strength to
obtain what demands are deemed necessary, nnd tbat of itself gives that form
•f organization, or calls into existence
axacu-tiv&a in all of tha indnatrUl dis
tricts, who of themselves, will have
considerable power in tho districts in
which they are situated ,and the ordera
of the executive of this Federation will
be judged according to the way they
suit the various districts to which their
orders may be sent. And what is needed
ud will be needed, in view of the rapid
changes, in view of the process of education which tho Federation haa insisted Bhall be carried on, ia an executive
which can be got together quickly, an
executive which will be alive and not
dead, and an executive which will function, and while seven men may be goon,
and ten may be good undor certain conditions, this decrease of the executive
would not be tuken necessarily becauso
it waa though at the time they would
do any great amount of organizing
work, but because it was felt neceasary
to link up the Province with the B. C.
Federation of Labor, and labor has
gono a step forward aince that time.
Del. MeVety: The reasons advanced
by the secretary of the committee seem
to mo to bo most excellent reasons why
a chango should not be made. The some
is true of the arguments advanced by
Del. Kavanagh. The executive committee of this Federation did not always
consist of ten members. There was a
timo when it consisted of two or three
less, and there was a very excellent
reason why a further change was mude.
Ther« hus always been a feeling in the
Province of B. C—I refer to the population situated in tho small sections
whieh is not of Vancouver and Victoria
—one has only to look backward to rea.
lizo that as far as the smaller sections
of the Province wero, concorned, taking
Nelson, tho Kootenay and the Crows
Nest Puss, that the representation was
largely geographical, und out of keeping with the idea of members being in
touch with one another. I say it is
more difficult in the Province of B. C.
to keep the various sections of the executive in touch with one another than
it is in many cases. I say to you from
that standpoint alone, that.if you aire
going to stake your future on industrial
action, then it moro imperative that
there should be oxecutivo representatives in those sections to keep the membership in those sections in touch with
what is going on. When you are requiring them to tnke action on some
particular question, as in the old days,
when thc programme consisted largely
of a legislative one, and there were no
questions of immediate necessity coming beforo them, it was not so essential
that every onc should havo mutters at
thcir finger ends, but to say to these
men on the onc hand, "we nre asking
you today to do away with your old
legislative programme, and substitute
therefor an industrial programme''
that necessitates mass action at thc
time, I say it is a bad policy, and not
in thc interccts of this Federation to
decrease tho number of tho executive.
You must place your membership
amongst tho industrial sections of thc
Province that will.be called upon from
time to timo if the plan is worth a
damn, and can be put into operation,
thnt are going to test their economic
and industrial strength Bide by side
with you. Tho whole proposal is not
undertaken with-the idea of furthering
the best interests of the B. C. Federation of Labor, but with the idea of placing thc power of the organization in
fewer bands. It is a fallacious policy,
and will not result in progress, as it did
not under thc old lines, because locals
from the interior would want to withdraw becauso it was thought to be a
coast proposition. If you are expecting
action from the new programme, you
must, as a mntter of courso, regardless
of class, of man, who comes from those
centres, give them their share of tho
decisions and responsibilities so that
you enn rely upon the support of their
membership on occasions when it is required. I am opposed to tho amendment, dud hope it will be defeated.
Del. Montgomery: I am opposed to
thc proposition to reduce tho executive
at nil, because 'I believe in democracy,
and here we have inaugurated a new
form of industrial unionism, and still
wc wnnt to limit the executive and
mnke it into what you might sny is an
industrial autocracy. If this organization is going to be anything, you must
tako np tho broadest line possible, nud
give as much representation to the outside district as possible, and it will
give thc large centre, which would include the big cities, a chance of learning the conditions in thc smaller places.
Thero is no doubt about it, and it lias
been hard in tho past to get the executive together and perhaps it will bo
hard in the future, but at the same
time, it was not very expensive, hut it
will be more expensive to send everything away to the hub to correct this
information than to havo it on the
Del. McKenzie: (Loggers Union): Ia
speaking in favor of the motion, tho
question has been raised of democrncy,
and whilo that is not a question that
should bother the delegates nt this
meeting, the delegates should consider
this point from their own standpoint,
und by themselves. Will this be the
most efficient method for Ihe furthering
of the motives of the B. 0. Federation
of Labor us reconstructed! The question has been raised obout the expenses
or would it be moro cxpvusivu to have
representatives from the Crows Nest
Pass and Prince Rupert and the interior
district towards Fort Oeorge, or wherever they may bo, or to havo an executive situated at some central point
that could be got together at any time
speedily to transnet business that
might bo beforo it.
You must consider that that in electing uny executive to perform its work
(tffi-ciently, you must elect mon with
ability, with koawlcdgo of tabor movements, to perform those duties, and the
duties of this orgnnization an reconstructed, is to spread propaganda necessary to form industrial organizations,
and there' is going to be expense attached to it, and why should we consider expense when il is going to ae*
complish the aims and the bclierment
of Ihe working class as u whole. And
I should state this, that in electing ihe
representatives from lho various districts, this mini may bo oleoted, not
from the knowledge he may possess of
tlie labor movement, but for the jKipu-
Del. Moulton: Mr. Chairman and
brother delegates, 1 regard the proposed change, tho reduction of lho executive committee to the numbor of five,
as not bping conducive t-o the best interests of the Federation, unless there
is substituted a motion to the effect
that some committee shall be established in the various districts at thc snme
Del. Casey: In opposing thc motion
beforc the House, it is with onc end in
viow, and that end is thu considering-
of thn situation that we huve got to
deul with, This convention csn do
anything it chooscH, that is truo, but it
wants to keop an eyo to this fact, that
what this eonvention does, it does not
necessarily finish tho work. There is
I nteat work to be ear-fied on in order to
com pie te the programme as outlined by
thia convention, and in order to complete the work, we have to select in
my opinion men who are well-known
throughout the weat, and' throughout
the length and breadth of the Provinee,
and men who do possess the confidence
and the Intimate acquaintance of the
workera throughout the province, and
in that particular viewpoint alone, I
would hold- that it ia infinitely better
for to retain tho old system of executive than to adopt the policy of selecting a class executive at one central
point for thia particular reason, the
question always arises, "who is it now
that's got control?" That is the question that the membera will bave to ans-
wer to in making their report of this
convention. We nave got to reconcile
the mass of tho workers to the new
form of organization. You want to remember thia, that many of them are
going to hesitate to approve of thia
plan, many of them are going to heai-
tate to conform with the new order,
aad in order to do that, I aay you had
better look with care to this particular
motion that you are dealing with now.
Del. Scoflcld: In view of the fact
that the Federation has already decided
to adopt this new policy, it Is more essential than ever that vice-president a
authorized by the constitution should
assume a very active part in their respective districts, and I must pass in
opposition to the motion.
Del, Nixon: Aa one of the minority
in that committee, I am opposed to thia
change in that order, and I am particularly opposed to it because of the cutting out of the geographical lines. A
good many years ago 1 was one of the
rank und file in the outlying districts,
and while most of the speakers here,
seem to think that all the concentrated
brains on considering labor questions is
confined to big cities, I. must say that
the metalliferous minera have changed
an awful lot in the last sixteen or seventeen years. They took more intereat,
and I think they dp today, in labor
questions than any members in the city
of Vancouver, or the city of Victoria.
They tako interest enough and I have
seen it myself. They take interest
enough that on meeting nights in tho
middle of winter, they come seven and
eight miles from their mines to the
meetings, and I have yet as far as
brains is concerned, to see better.
There were as mnny brainy men there
as iu tho cities of British Columbia.
Del. Taylor: this to me is a matter
of vital importance and I want to.
place myself on record* as being op*
posed to tho recommendation of the
committee, and I am going to givo
reasons and outline them aa briefly aa
I want to aay that I do not know
of anything, that this convention could
do, which would bo better calculated
to kill tbe ends that wc have in viow,
than pass the recommendation of the
committeo which has been placed before us.   Wo have talked during the
life of thia convontion of things that
have been done in Russia; wo have extended our greetings to Russia and to
the workers of Russia, and it is quito
apparent to everyone that the sympathies of the workers of thia eonvention
are with tho workers in the country of
Russia.   What do we find there?   We
flnd that they have taken thc methods
of   giving   tho    fullest   possible   expression to the workers of thcir country.   Tho question waa  mentioned' by
Del. Moulton about a dictatorship.    I
want to say that I am not opposed to a
dictatorship providing it is a working
cluss dictatorship.    Provided it   is   a
cluss against a class, thero would be
no hesitancy in my saying, "we have
the power and wc arc going to use it,
and no onc shall stand in our way,"
But when it comes to a   question   of
establishing anything which  could bo
construed by the members, who, -mark
you, are not so far advanced in the
aggregate as the delegates in this convention appertaining to labor and the
working class problems in general, you
hnve got to remember that; and reference   has   been   made   to   the   fact
that some of the members here arc giving better  effect  to  expression   than
others and that also has to be taken
into  consideration  in   this  wny:   that
when various delegates report to their
various locals, even though   they    bo
possibly givon thc best  power of expression that can bc within a humun
being, I venture to say Ihut there ure
very, very few assembled in this hull
at the present time who could attempt
within a brief space allotted to the reporter to portray verbally   what   had
transpired in this convention hall.   It
is uot all bcor and skittles on the reporting end of it.   While this convention is sometimes unanimous in its do-
sires to express its effects, our membership is not entirely that way.     I
sny don't let us furnish some of the
oppositions with an obstacle looking nt
it from that angle; furnish them with
a club,
1 want to conclude by saying this:
I believo that thc workers todny should
have lho fullest power of expression,
while tho old existing order in ro-
speet to tho executive is not infallible,
yet lo my mind it is by for thc best
ami fullest method of getting expression of thc rank and file us compared with thc recommendation of the
Del. Cottrell: 1 move Ihnt the matter bo referred back to the committee
wilh instructions to consider the election of representatives through Ihe
trades councils of the different dis*
The amendment was seconded.
Del. Wells: When the system of ten
representatives wns first introduced we
tried that, and it didn't work very satisfactorily, nnd that's lho renson we
reverted hark to the election of executive members on the floor, and let nie
point out another thing here, there is
no tiinii who enn go buck to his district and explain trie ideas and wishes
of Ihis convention belter than Ihe man
who has been here and heard the debates. That will apply in years to
come; I hope thnt we are not many
years away when we will need it. T
gunrantflc l could write a book, and 1
could not get into Ihe heads of tho
membership what is now in my head
by having heard ihe debates. There is
n proposal to elect them from Ihe distriel, and secondly, representatives of
those districts would not know In tho
, lenst what had transpired at this eonvention, I want lo suy that the men
who have come lo this eonvention aro
better posted than the men who have
not come here. In view of that fact,
I think, Mr. Chairman, that thoso men
having got thcir ideas here, and understanding thoroughly what has trans-
fiired at this convention, they ure in a
letter position to becomo members of
the executivo tlmn those elected from
the various  locals.
Del. Trotter: 1 nm distinctly opposed to the referring back to tho committeo of this resolution. It is quite
evident now long beforc this stage of
tho proceedings has been reached that
the committee has gone up a squirrel
track, and that there ia no aente whatever in referring baek to the commit*
tee to try and obtain semething of a
aimilar nature to bring to thia convention. Everybody ia very taueh alivo
now to what the real iaaaea ava that
were being involved in thia proposition,
ao much ao that nothing very much
more ia needed to flog thu deal horat
into a tan yard. I nave no doubt in
my mind that the ela-ace there u it
stands, and I think it will be eventually endorsed by this convention, is tho
best possible assistance at the present
time forgotten in the B. C. Fedoration
of Laber, Any Attempt to Bend tho
control of thia organization baek into
the hands of about two penona. and
a half will not meet with the wishes of
this eonvention and the people whom
it ie declared to represent.
The executive of the B. C. Federation of Labor haa other functions to
perform whieh hs\p not yet been ra*
f erred to upon the floor of thia eonvention. I purpose, however, before I ait
down to apeak of those, ao that if tail •
proposition needa any further discussion or any further consideration la
given to this question, thoae taking
part will bo obliged to take iato consideration the other things that are involved in the closing up of the control
of a provincial federation of labor into
a dictatorship. The executive committee's report haa beea adopted already
by-thia convontion, and one clause of
that report already adopted by the convention reads as follows: "We would
recommend that the members of the I
executive resident on the mainland
and the ialand ahould -be appointed to
represent the intereat of. the B. C. Federation of Labor, thus giving wider
representation on the board of directors, and at the shareholders' meetings." The reason that the executive
committeo placed that recommendation
before thia body, which haa now1 been
adopted as the policy of this body, although the eonvention adopted that
holus-bolus along with other things, tha
- idea being that the policy ih the past ■
regarding the- Federationist, had not
centred in the two trustees who voted
the shares of the Federationist,! beid
by this Federation of Labor up to somo
five thousand and five. The adoption
of this recommendation will eentro
into the hands, if this poller wu carried, and I presume that the idea of
the resolution is that they shall be
elected in Vancouver and in one 'ward
of Vancouver if possible.
The idea ia that these   individuals
shall bave as large a proportion of tko.
B. C. Fedorationist centred   in  'their,
control aa possible.   Tho ten representatives having eaeh a   right   to   vote
shares of the Federationist, and thero
being ten membera, they   would   not
have in their individual hands so many
sharea under their control ae a smaller
number of members on the executive
would have.   Therefore, there would bo
a broadening of that control, a moro
democratic proposition than is anticipated by the shortening or lowering of
tho number of the executive.   Let na
look this thing straight in the face,
let ub look it in the two eyes, and lot
ua aee what it is.   Don't refer it baek
to the committee and decide its ebee-
qules.  Obaequiea are now due, and let
ua have thia thing settled now ac it
waa laat year, in that thia clause'ahall
now Btand as it is in the constitution
of the Federation.
The Chairman:   I will now pal tht'
motion,   All in favor Of the commit
tee 'a recommendation ahow it the usual
(25 for; 53 against.)
The meeting then adjourned till
following morning.
March 12 (Morning Se don)
The Chairman:' The next is the eon-
tinuation of the report of the commit*
tee on constitutional law*
Del. Midgley: There is a resolution
that wo amend article number 17 of
tho constitution hy striking ou tho last
clause commencing with the words "aft
resignations" and ending with t£*
word "committee." and the committee
recommends the .following subetitute:
that tho word "temporary" be added1
after the word "vacancy" in the laat
line but onc of artielo 17, and tno deletion of the balance of the cIumo.
This rosolution was designed tp ro«
move an apparent contradiction - that
existed in tho constitution. The repetition, and the contradictiop, appear in
the last line, whore the president would
appoint a member to fill a vacancy on
the executive subject to the approval
of tho executive committee, and earlier
in the article it atates "the executive
committee by a majority vote ahould
fill the vacancy." Now the amendment would make the clause to road,
"that the president upon receiving notice of the death or resignation of ;
member of the executive committee
shall appoint a member to fill such a
vacancy temporarily" and striko out
the balance "subject to the approval
of lho executive committee." . The
cluusc might stand re-writing, Mr.
Chairman, ibis last clause really
should como first. But tho Becrotary
could do that before he has more con*
slitutious printed, simply transpose the
clause. I move the adoption of the
committee's report. (A member seconded.)
(The motion was put to the meoting
and declared carried.)
Del. Midgley: The committee, without nny resolution, is recommending
to tho convention an amendment to
article ft nnd article 13. In artielo 9
the end of the first clauso states: "The
president Bhall receive for services five
dollars per day for tho time actually
devoted to the Federation and his
actual expenses whilo so employed."
That is the last two lines of the first
claUBO of article ft. Tho committee*
recommends the deletion of thnt portion entirely und they recommend an
amendment to article 13 deoling with
the remuneration of every momber of
the executive committee. I may point
out in parenthesis they arc recommending lho deletion of thai clause dealing
with the president's remuneration becnuse it will all bo included in tho remuneration of tho executive committee,
and in regard to clause 13 the executive recommends that thc cluusc be
amended by striking ou "all" uftor
five dollara per day and substitute
therefore "seven dollars per day" be
the wages "when away from home and
five dollars per day expenses'' and I
move the adoption of ihe report.
Dol. Pritchard: .Mr. President, I
would like to nsk n question of the
chairmnn of the committee on constitution^ Inw ns to the reason for amend*
ing article 13 by taking oui five dollars
per day and actual expenses which are
ascertainable, und substituting there-
for seven dollars per duy and fivo dollars expenses. I would like to know
the reason for that drastic change.
Dpi. Midgley: Mr. Chairman, in th*'
opinion of the committee five d
por dsy wages was too low and 1
fore, they substituted seven, and thn
reason for substituting the rest of thn
IContinuAd mut tm__\ PAGE SIX
 f .1       -
no. is   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. a.
..April 11, Wl*
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try out Pe» Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
Named Shoes are frequently made in
Non-union factories
  No matter what it's name, unless  it
ractorV bears a plain and readable impression
V \y /      of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoes without the UNION STAMP are always Non-union
Do Not accept any excuse for Absence of the Union Stamp
JOHN F. TOBIN, PreBiilent CHAS. L. BAINE, Soc.-Trcas.
Two of the best all-union eatipc-hm'ses in
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law Will Allow
We Deserve Trade Union Patronage
No.l No. 2
110 Cordora St. West, or 622 Pender West
THBOUOH Monat Bobaon ud Jasper Parka across the
prairiea Ibrongh ihe most fertile grain belt ia the world
to Winilpeg, Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and Quebec.
OONNKmONB at Winnipeg and Duluth for Central
States, at Toronto and Montreal tor Eastern States aad
Atlantis ports.
a*ntSKt TBAINB, lleetrie lighted, Standard aad Tourist
Daaping Cars, also Dining Cars.
Iw Bala, Tickets, Literature and Information, apply to
i Wait, Taneoarct, B. 0.        Phona Seymoar MSI
est Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Barings St W. Vancouver, B. C
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be produced bf
using cheap materials and employing cheap labor,
_\ produced from the highest grade materials procurable—
Cascade is a UNION product from start to finish.
(Continued from page 5)
clause whb, in thc opinion of the committee, tlio actual expenses of one delegate or of one member of the committeo might bc very much different under the same set of circumstances aa
another delegate, and \ho committee
was of the opinion it was far buttor
to fix an actual amount rather than
leavo it to the discretion of the individual concerned as to what hia expenses were.
The Secretary; May I in addition
to thc explanation given by Bro. Midgley, say this—thnt thoro have been
times when members of the executive
who were receiving considerably higher
rales of wages than fivo dollars per
day, have been called upon to do work
for thc Federation and we had no
choice but to pay them according to
the constitution, and they recoived live
dollars per day and then lost porhaps
two or in .some eases three dollars per
(lay by attending to tho work of tho
Federation; Tliat is not as it should be.
Now, as regards the expenses. Iu
the pant it lias been lho practice to pay
three dollars por day expenses for anybody on organization business, and I
think you will realizo that llireo dollars per day expenses does not go very
far. Three dollars per day was not
onough, and while I cannot,'sny that I
am altogether in favor of five dollars,
at any rato some fixed sum should bo
made, becauso if you do not do that
you arc going to have causo for
wntngUng; and if you leave it to tho
payment of actual expenses you aro
going to liavo some cause for wrangling or some personal spite may coaio
up when all iho accounts are rendered
at the year end, when tho different
members are putting hi different expenses.
Del. Pritchard: I can seo the point-
in Brother Wells' contention, but I am
only a little duhious because tho proposed change, to my mind, would bring
Ihe doily payment of the oxecutivo officers greater thon is usual under similar circumstances; for instance, it
would bo greater, in my opinion, than
the average pny of delegates to tliis
convention. Seven dollars per day and
expenses of five dollars-—thnt is stated
expenses of hvo dollars—would bring
it to twelve dollars per day. I can see
tho contention in Bro. Wells' arguments, that: men who arc working nt a
certain trade and receiving n certain
rate of pay nnd going to work for tho
Federation have gono to work at a
stated sum which ia much below their
usual pay, but it scorns to me that the
proposed amendment would be giving
an exocutive officer pnymont and expenses much in advance of the average worker; not only ao, but when you
take in actual expenses in addition to
tho wages, you are taking something
which thc ordinary worker has to tako
out of his wages.
The Secretary: In the past, the procedure has been to pay tho officers'
wages for six days per week and ex*
penscs if they wore nway on Sunday;
to pay them their expenses for Sunday but not wages.
Del. Pritchard: That procodure
would govern in this?
The Secretary: I take it, it will. It
is not in the constitution, it is a kind
of unwritten law.
Del. Trotter: One thing thot might
be overlooked and that Del. Pritchard
porhaps lost sight of. Ho says that
an ordinary man has to pay his expenses, out of his .ages. Now, I have
had a great deal of oxperionco of that
kind and it is this, that he is leaving
home with all his overhead expenses j
behind, and his wife ond family have
to bo kopt just the samo, and any man I
who has beon on tho road, any hian
who is n family man, knows that overhead expenses iu your home are not
vory materially nffec ted by your absence.   It is really so.
Del. Midgley: I just wanted to sug-
gost wo might discuss this all day and
never get anywhoro. It is a matter of
opinion and tho discussion does not
mnke any progress. In ono particular
the committee haa based their recommendation on what tho chairman is
getting, becauso ho is getting $3,00 por
day loss by the recommendation.
Delegato Montgomery: I have as an
amendment that each executive officer
be paid the wages he would recoivo if
working and his actual expenses. This
was seconded.
Dolegato Cottrell: I move an amendment to the amendment. That we pay
$6.00 a day wagos and $5.00 expenses.
I say nothing against tho expenses after the experiences that hnve been
spoken of.
Delegate-Leo: I second.
The Chairman: Tho amendment to
tke amendment is thut tho wages shall
bo $6.00 per day and $5.00 per day
Delegato Wells: I would suggest, Mr.
Chairman, that Delegate Cottrell revise
hia amendment to $7.00 per duy wages
and $4.00 por day expenses.
Delegate Cottrell: I would be quite
willing to alter that in any way especially as it comos from ono who has
had exporienco and knows'moro than
I do about travelling through the province. As long as It securos that $1.00
reduction that is tho main thing I
Tho Chairman! Any objection to the
amondinent to the amendment being
changed from $6.00 and $5.00 to $7.00
and $4.00?
°Ofe Quality Cigar
EL 00
Ideal Size
For __\t %J
restic Size
Is the best Union Made Cigar 4 For2 5
Delegate Midgley: I do not know
how the rest of tho committee feel on
the matter but I am quite agreeable
to tho amendment made by Delgut Cottrell and having it $7.00 and $1.00 instead of $7.00 and $5.00.
Tho Chairman: Are thcTc any objections then to'that line of proccduro
outlined by* the chair, that is to proceed and taken* vote on thc otnendment
to the amendment and tho motion and
whichever carries then if tho members
desiro to havo a roll call on the motion
adopted they «an then express themselves in that way.
Dolegato Midgley: The committee
has accepted tho amondmont moved by
Delegate Cottrell and, thereforo, that
becomes the committee's report and you
only have a motion and an nmondment.
Tho committoe's roport of $7.00 and
$4.00 and the amendment moved by
Delegate Montgomery. »
The'Chairman: The motion is that
$7.00 per day wages and $5.00 per day
expenses, the nmondment is that the
executivo members will receivo all allowance which they would bo paid if
following their dni^ occupations plus
actual expenses, Tho amendment to tho
amendment is that they shall recoivo
$7.0(X por day aad $4.00 per day expenses. You will voto on the amendment to tho amendment first. All thoso
in favor of the amondmont to tho
nmondment will signify in lho usual
(The amondmont to the amendment
was put to the meoting and on a show
of hands tho chairman declared tlio
amendment to the amendment defeated'
by 51 votes to 30.)
The Chairman: You will now proceed
to voto on tho amendment. I guess wo
might as well take a show of hands on
that too.
Delega t e Ka vanagh: Would you
mind reading it?
The Chairman: Tho amendment is
"that tho executive members shall receive tho daily allowance of wages exactly the same as they would receivo
if they were working at thoir occupation plus expenses." All ilioso in favor of the amendment will raiso their
right hand,
(The amendment was then put to the
meoting and declared lost.)
The Chairman: You will now vote on
the motion.   All those hi favor .of the
motion will raise their right hands. Tho
motion is $7.00 and $5,00.       •   ,
(The motion was thou  put to  tho
■ meeting and declared defeated.)
The Chairman: The amendment to
the amendment, tlio amendment and tho
motion nre all defeated.
Delegate Sinclair: I would move that
article 13 remain as it is constituted.
A Dolegato: I second.
Tho Chairman: Inasmuch as the convention has voted down all three propositions' it remains exactly as it stood.
Delegate Midgley: There is also a
resolution moved by Delegato Macdonald of Princo Rupert, Trades and Labor Council,'an'amendment to article
ono, section 3 de'aling with representations. Thu proposal is that tho section
bo amended os'ttllowai "In tUp election of centrai;~bodics affiliated with
tho federation 'after the word Federation add tho..!f(mowing 'and in good
standing for ft) 'Hays prior to calling
of said convention this pertaining to
delinquent uirfbmV only." The object
of the mover of the resolution as I understand it iB'thbtyany delegate offoring
himself and accenting nomination for
election from111*!*!} central body must
be a member *bf ar union that has been
in good 8tnndingbfor sixty days with
tho fcderationi'prlor to the calling of
tho convention.' 'That would mean auy
delegate a member of a union not in
good standing for sixty days would not
be elected to this convontion.
The committeo agree with this resolution because they believo this objection would haye the effect of bringing
somo organization into affiliation, a
man who is elected or nominated and
expects to bo elected through tho central body would naturally use his endeavors to get his affiliated with the
federation and this would work as an
incentive to the delegates. I movo the
adoption of the committee's roport.
A Delegate: I second. The motion
was dofeated.
A Delogate: I move thc adoption of
the committee's report as a whole, and
before I move that motion I would liko
to ask a quostion from thc point of
information. Can a resolution put bofore this body here be withdrawn in
committee f
The Chairman: No, the committee
can recommend that it be withdrawn,
but a resolution once being introduced
becomes tho property of tbe convention and the convention then refers it
to tho committeo and tho committee
may thon take such action upon it as
they may deem necessary, they could
recommend tho resolution be withdrawn, amonded or make any substitute resolution.
A Dolegato: Then thero is one resolution withdrawn before the committeo, and the committee havo not put in
any recommendation here and as a
member of the executive, and aince labor has taken the stand that they de-
man, I demand that that resolution be
put before thia house, and I move it
and that ia, that rule 16 be amended,
that it bc read as tho proposed resolution would amend it.
Dologato Midgley: As the porson
who gave notice of motion to amend
article 18 I said in committoe I would
withdraw the resolution and I stated
so a fow moments ago. I thought the
brother if ho had any question to raise
would raiso it then but ho evidently
desires to say something. I stated in
committee that I withdrew it. Tho
proposed amendment was tho striking
out of tho Inst clause commencing with
thc word "amendments" and ending
with tho word "dato." My motion
was tho object of striking out the
clauso referring all amondmont to the
constitution to tho tncmbcrship for ratification, whon there was airoady a
clauso iu tho constitution dealing with
tho referenduin,i,. and any sectional
movement could ask for an nmondment
if necessary, and I considered this a
duplication and unnecessary work for
the secretary to, refer it to tho members. However, tho members ascribed
a motivo to the proposition tlmt did
not exist, they suggested that wo do-
sire to takd out:.of tliq hands of the
membership the .control of thc federation over the coii-ililittion, and owing
to that fact, -I stated I would withdraw the resolution rather than liavo
theBe motives ascribed to it, Therefore,
Mr. Chairman, I reported to tlio committee that I would withdraw tho resolution.
Delegate Kavanagh: I movo iho
resolution bo permitted to bo withdrawn.
A Dolegnto: I socond.
Tlio Chairman: The motion is thnt
the resolution in question bo withdrawn.
Delegato Midgley: Tho »ecommontla«
tion of tho committeo is not. that it
bo withdrawn, tho committee made no
recommendation. I made it in tho committee that it be withdrawn,
Tho Chairman: It has boen moved
and seconded that tliis resolution bo
withdrawn from tho convention.
Delegato Casey: With tho advico
that such an attempt bo not tried on
again. It is very bad procodure to try
and tako control out of the hands of
tne rank and file.
Tho Chairman: This motion is to
withdraw the resolution and wo will
proceed to vote on it,
The Chairmnn:  Is the committeo on
audits ready to report?
Delegate W. Yates:   Chnirmnn of tho
committoe of audits (dated March 11,
"Tlio committoe on audit reports
that the books, vouchers, receipt-tabs,
etc., of the socrctary-treasurer havo
been checked up and examined and
found to bo correct.
Tho detailed statement of receipts
and expenditure as contained in tho
officers''reports tallies with the books
and accounts and shows a balanco on
hand at January 1st, 1910, of $405.57.
For tho further information of the
delogatos your committeo have checked up the receipts and expenditures
from January 1st to March 1st, 1019,
to ascertain the present financial standing of tho federation and submit tho
following statement on the subjoct:
Balanco on hand Jnn. 1 $ 405.57
.   515.47
.   201.72
WS01.90   $2207.47
.* 174.7!)
.   38(1.32
.   201.02
hand Ma
* S22.03
Less o
$14-14.84 $1444.84
$2267.74 $2267.74
Your committee further reports that
thc books and accounts of the sccro-
tary-treasuror have beon kept in a clear
and satisfactory manner, and wc desiro
to express our appreciation of the manner in which the work was carried out
during the past year.
Respectfully submitted,
(Signed)   W. Yates, O. Hayes,  M.
Massacar,  T.  Anderson,  E.- Kermode,
W. Moulton, J. D. Brndstock."
I move the adoption of tho report.
A Delegate:  I second.
(Motion put to thc nieeting and declared carried.)
Delegate Renfrew: (Chairman of tho
ways and means committee): Your
committoe recommends to this convention, that thc incoming exocutive bo
instructed to circularize the affiliated
unions asking for voluntary subscriptions to crcuto a fund for tho logal de-
fonso of organized workers, charged
with offenses us laid down by the resolution submitted by Delegate Casey,
I move the adoption.
"Whereas, Members of organized labor have been, and aro being brought
to trial for violation of -certain orders-
in-council that arc bf themselves violations of constitutional rights and
Whereas, The workers individually
cannot afford to employ counsel for
their own defense,1
Be it thorefore resolved: That this
annual convention of the B. C. Federation of Labor do put into motion right
here and now, machinery for inaugurating a sinking fund (either by levy or
othor means that wilt eliminato the
aspect of charity) for the employment
of the best legal talent in defense of
workers arrested for aforesaid political
offenses, this fund to bo opon to any
organized worker by application to his
union; and upon discretion of trusteos
of said fund.
Be it further resolved, That this resolution be read at Western Conference
with the objoct of suggesting its adoption to all provinces."
I move adoption.
Motion adoptod.
Dolegato Renfrew: We recommend
that tho secrotary be instructed to convey tho thanka of this convention to
Brother Tallon, Secretary Young and
officers of the central body for thoir
unsparing efforts to make this assembly
a success.
(Tho motion was seconded, put to
tbe meeting and declared carried.)
Delegate Renfrew: We recommend
that the sum of $25.00 be paid to the
caretaker of the hall for his services
during thia convontion.
(The motion was seconded, put to
tho meeting and declared carried.)
Delegate Renfrew: Wo recommend
that the oxecutive committee appropriate our share of the Western Conference expenses pro rata. I movo the
The Secretary: I take it tho proposition is to givo the executivo power to
assume our share of tho expenses on
tho holding of the Western Conference.
I might say that whon tho proposal
was first mooted tho committee in
chargo of the Wcstorn Conference arrangement was without funds and that
the postnges and such liko wore paid
by the B. 0. Federation of Labor.
The motion was adopted and the ie*
port as a wholo adopted.
The Socretary: It has beon the ens-
torn in the past to have bound copios
of tho proceedings of this convention
sont to the different unions. It has
also boon the custom, not exactly the
custom, but on some occasions the report of tno convention proceedings have
beon givon in tbo B, C. Foderationist.
This year, I think with tho programme
wo have outlined that we should tako
steps io see that not only tho mombors
of organizod labor in the provinco of
B. C. but those members living in other
provinces in the Dominion should be
made acquainted with what has transpired at this oonvention, nnd I am going to move that tho proceedings of
this convention bo publishod in tho B.
C. Federationist, and that one thousand
.copies bo printed in book form for uso
of the officers of the affiliated bodios,
nnd in doing that, Mr. Chairman, you
arc going to achieve the object of putting tho ideas expressed at this oonvention into thc hands of at least twenty Ihonsand members of the working
class. That is, tho people who would
naturally receivo them, but mark you
this, I think I can safely sny this, that
to ovory paper that; is published oach
week, threo people rend it, and you
oro going to get thc proceedings' of
this convention into at least the hands
of sixty thousand people by adopting
this motion. I auggpst ono thousand
copies for the uso of tho offlcors; in
book form, so that any question- that
arises in thc local union dealing with
the referendum, or nnything of that
lund, or tho policy of tho federation,
tho officer will havo that on filo and
bo ablo to refer to it, We do not expect the members nro going to keep tlio
Federationist and carry it around, but
the officers of the organizations all having threo or four copies in each union,
will bo in a position to givo the members of tho union, all tho information
necessary, and in viow of the fnct thnt
our policy which wo havo adoptod, is
going to cnll for propaganda, that we
can start in right at the first.
(Tho motion wns seconded.)
The Chairman: And tho newly-elected socretary will mail a copy of the
proceedings to tho dolegates.
(The motion was carried.)
. Delegato Watchman: In view of the
fact that a large amount of matter
is to be placed to a referendum voto
of tho membership, in going over the
constitution of tbo federation, I find
absolutely no provision at all for tho
percentage of tho votes. It is stated
by thc secretary-treasurer at this time,
we have somewhere in tho neighborhood of a fifteen thousand membership,
affiliated with the foderation, and in
taking a vote for tho holding of this
convention hero, wo find Bomewhero
in tho neighborhood of three thouBnnd
members voted on the question. My
idea is, that in view of the fact of
thc matters that are being submitted
to tho membership, that tho incoming
executive should havo somothing in tho
constitution as a guide, or a guidanco
to them, so as to see what percentage
of tho membership will corry tho vote,
so it will not bo loft as it is at the
presont time, for thom to decide whon
a referendum voto is carried. I do
think thnt if wo aro to havo auy protection to tho membership of tho organization that our constitution should
mako provision either for a fifty-fivo
per cent voto beforo any notion is taken, because I do fcol if this mnttor is
carried into effect, and tho executive
is instructed to inaugurato a genernl
strike, thnt at lenst they should havo
some guidance whether it should bo
fifty-live per cont of tho membership, or
fifty-one per cent of the* membership
or so on. I think tho entire matter
should bo referred to a committee oa
constitutional law to bring something in
for-the guidance of the incoming oxecutivo and I would liko to hear some
other delegates on this question.
Tho Secretary: It is a point woll
taken, Mr. Chairman, I havo in mind
the time when tho generul strike voto
was taken in opposition to conscription.
The referendum, nccording to tho number of votes returned, was carried, and
sume of thc members of thc executivo
felt, in spite of the smallness of tho
vote, that wo should call a general
strike. I opposed that mothod becauso
I bolieved that to attempt to call a
general striko with tho indifferenco
shown by tho membors would bo folly,
and was injurious to our movement,
and in this caso you are attempting
to establish a new policy. In a sense,
you nre forming a new form of organization. If tho executivo only hns on
hand a voto of something like six thousand of tho entire membership, with
K perhaps a hundred of a mnjority, it
would bc a pretty hard proposition to
carry out the proposal as outlined at
this convention, and I am rather inclined to think that tho oxecutive, who-
over thoy may be, will bo wise enough
to see tho danger of trying to do, anything with a vote of that naturo. At
the same time, it may bo that ho ox*
ecuive committoe would not be as wiso
as we might like them to be, and they
might start something which would
have injurious results, and I am rather
in favor of Delegate Watchman's suggestion to refer it back to the committee on constitutional law, for them
to deal with the matter and bring In
a resolution to this convention.
The Chairman: The chair will entertain a motion requesting the committee on constitutional law to bring In
a supplementary report covering- that.
Delegate Wilkinson, Vancouver: I
movo that tho committee on constitutional law bo instructed to bring in a
rocommendatlon expressing what in
their opinion is a suitablo majority for
this federation to aet upon with reference to the subject which has boen
made tho subject of a referendum vote.
A Delegate: I aecond. This was
Tho meeting opened at 2 p. ta. with
tho vice-president in the choir.
The Chairman: The next business
to come before the convention is the
election of officers. The chair desires
to Bay that it is customary in conventions where there happens to be a fraternal delegate present, to ask him to
proside. We have no fraternal delegato
hero but the chair feels he would be
expressing the good will of tho delegates by asking Brother Tallon of the
Trades and Labor Council, who greeted
us on behalf of the trade unionists of
the City of Calgary, to preside at tbis
A Delegate: Brother Tallon is not
The Secretary: Z would move Mr.
Chairman, in view of the fact that
Brother Tallon iB not here, that wo request Brother Somerville of Moose Jaw
to preside while we elect our officers.
(Tho motion was seconded and put
to the convention, and carried unanimously.)
Brothor Somerville of Moose Jaw,
then took the chair.
The Secretary: Mr. Chairman, I
would move that three tellers bo appointed to count the ballots.
Delegate Trotter: I would second
that motion.
(The motion was put and carried.)
Tho Secretary: Mr. Chairman, I
would suggest Brother Ellis of Victoria
for one, Brothor Sinclair of Vancouvor
for another, and Brother Lofting of
Vancouver for the third.
The Chair: I am very glad to accept
thc suggestion of my brothor secretary
and will appoint tho throe men as tollers for tho eleetion of officers,
Delegate Midgloy: Mr. Chairmnn I
would like to make a motion to savo
time in the election of officers, that no
nomination speeches bo allowed.
(The motion was seconded and put to
tho convention and earriod unanimous-
The Chairman: We are now ready to
receive nominations for tho position of
(Delegates ■ Kavanagh and Taylor
wero nominated for president.)
Dolegnto Roid: Mr. Chairman, I move
nominations closed.
Delognto Pritchnrd: Mr. Chnirmnn, I
second tho motion.
Tho Chairman: Wo do not wnnt to
shut out anybody,
Tho Chairman: Thero aro two nominations before tlie convention at tho
present time. Do I hear any other nominations. Hearing no furlher nof-iiina-
tions, I declare the nominations closed)
and Delegates KavaoagU and Taylor
will be voted on. Tho tellers will distribute tho ballots.
(Tho ballots wero selected and count-
eel by the tellers nnd Mr. Sinclair reported as follows: Mr. Chairman, ami
delegates, tho voto for Delegato Kuv-
niingli is forty-four (44) and for Delegato Taylor is thirty-nine (89), Wo
have counted over tho ballots and find
them conoid* according to the count.
Tho Chairman: You havo heard lho
result of the ballot* as repnrtod-by
Delegnte Sinclair, and I therefore declare Brother Kavuungh elected president for the incoming torm,
Tho Chairman: Wo are now open
for nominations for secretary-treasurer,
(Delegates Prltchard and Wells wcro
nominated for tho position of secrctary-
Tho Chnirmnn: Do I hear any othor
nominations} Any other nominations?
Hearing no other nominations. I dcclnro
the nominations closed. The brothers
will proceed to distribute tho baUoti
to tho dolegates present.'
(Tho ballots wore gathered and
counted nnd Delogatos Sinclair reported
as follows: Mr. Chairman, according to
tho ballots, tho vote stands, Delegate
Wells, forty-threo (43) and Delegate
Pritchard, forty-one (41.)
The Chairman: According^© the result of the vote, I now declare Delegate Wolls elected as secrotary-trensut-
er for the incoming term.
Tho Chairman: Now thoro are twa
vice-presidents to be elected from the
Vancouvor district.
(Dolegato McDonnell, Delegate Cottrell, Dologato Morrison, Delegate Head,
Dolcgnte Pritchard and Delegate Trottor, were nominatod.
Dolegato, Pritchard: Mr. Chairman, 1
decline the nomination.
Delegate Trotter: Mr. Chairman, I
decline in favor of nominee Delogate
The Chairman: Any othor nominations f Do I hear any further nomina*
tionsf Hearing nono, I declare the
nominations closed.
(The ballots wore counted and Dole-
gate Sinclair roported as follows: Mr,
Chairman, according to tho bnllott, the
vote stands after counting, McDonnell,
forty-scvon (47), Cottrel fifty (50),
Morrison thirty-three (33), Head thir*
ty-five (35.)
Tho Chairman: According to tlio ro»
suits of the voting, tho two Delegato!
McDonnell nnd Cottrell having received a majority of tlio total votes, I do*
claro them duly elected ns vice-presidents for tho Vancouver district.
Tho Chairman: Nominations are now
open for a vice-president from yio<
Delegates Taylor and Stevenson wore
duly nominatod.)
Tho Chairman: Any othor nominations for vico-prosident for tlio district
of Victorin city? Do I henr any othel
nomination? Hearing none, I declare
the nominations closed.
(Tho ballots wero collected and
(Continued next page)
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..April 11, 1919
eleventh YEAB.   No. 16   THE BRITISH COUJMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vancoutbb, b. o.
You will not
be "soaked"
,f Bt many people neglect tkek
eyee wen when they knew
ther ifaoiM hart then at-
teaM to—whea they know
tkey ahould be weariaf
gfawee beeaaee they aet
tteeii they wU ht tTti-
<ta»ftd—and httawt tt %_t
neerMaty of the Mlt,
if I waat aay of ye. aaiti mea
mite ttti that you aay it-piet
tt earn, la aad ttt ne mm-
Iat ytar tytt. Let at M
yea what it tntag-it aay
~*ilH what it wffl ettt tt
livt yea glaeetf that wMi
anke iteiiig aad U-rinf ntrt
ff My optical terriee it tht
moot eOeieat aad tht nttt
natoaable ta the coast.
ItynNur MM
•nftriHe Optical Ce.
Below DryuaaM's
moat Ity. Ml Bey et NUM
Nam, ThoBMOR ft Ckgg
Ml Bonier Stntt    Vancourer, B.O.
$10.15 per ton
HHBM OEPHItlf ent.
aon TAffocvnu
Matinee ..
What's ih a Name?
To vudcvtU. the wot-i "Orplt.am"
nw the b«t la the world—*. Vie.
couvw tke
ne.nl tho bolt eMiflg piece -io town;
mail, end  dMcIng   in  tke OTinlog.
Drop la  .vr   tine.    Mtftoet   uolo.
hooM In V-t-MMnr.
TM UtM-fZU* Opp. Olpkiu
uomh Me. le-tnt
Tor Union Hen
JPfcone Seymour DM
i. PuUMMBl 0. Turcot*
Pocket Billiard
(Brunt.wick-B.lk. Oollender Oo.)
—Head-'iurlera tar Valett Mea—
Vulou-lnade    Tobaccos,    Olfari    aat
Only WkU.  Holp  Employe!
42 Hastings Street Eut
To membOM ed my Boton ln Caned. .
■poeW rMo (or The Fodentionht, till
por joar—If .-ctnb ot 10 or more li ieat la.
(OoBtinu«d from pigs 6)
counted, and Delegate Sinclair reported u folio wt: Mr, Ckaiwaa-a tho voto
according to the bftUotf eowttd,
stands, Delegate Stevenson, thirty-five
(35), Delegate Taylor forty-seven (47.)
The Chairman: According to the re-
suk of the ballets, I deelare Delegate
Taylor elected for the district of Victoria.
The Chairman: We are bow open for
no«i nations lor vice-prceideat for Vancouver Islund.
(Delegates Naylor and Bateman wero
cmy aomiaaied.)
(The ballots were collet-tod aad
counted, md Delegate Siaclair reported
as follows: Mr. Oiairiuan, the vote ac-
eonMfig to tfco ballot, stands, Delegate
Naylor sixty-three (63), Delegate Bateman twenty (30).
The Chairman: The roport of the ballot io declared by the tellers, giving
Delegate Haylor a majority vote, so
therefore, I declare him elected as vice-
president for tho Island district.
The Chairman: Tlio meoting is now
o-pen for nominations for vlee-preel-lent
for New ■Westminster.
(Dolegates McMurpby and Tates
were duly nominated.)
(Tho ballots were collected and
counted and Delegate Siaclair reported
as follows: Mr. Chairman, the voto, ac-
cowling te the ballot, stands, Delegate
Yntes, thirty-four (34)r Delogate Me-
Murphy forty-nine (4$.)
The Chairman: Tou have heard the
announcement as made by the tellers,
aad Delegate McMurphy having re*
ooived a majority of the vote, he is
declared elected.       ,
The Chairman: Nominations are new
open for the Kootenay and Boundary
(Delegates Roberts, and Gill were
duly nominated.)
Delegato Gill: I decline the nomination.
The Chairman: Any other nominations?
The Chairman: Are there any further
nominations f Any further nominations? Hearing none, I declare the
nomination closed, and thero being only
one nominee, I declare Delegate Boberts elected as vice-president for the
Kootenay and Boundary country.
The Chairman: Tho meeting is now
opon for nominations for vice-president
for the Crows Nest Pass.
(Delegate Phillips of Fernie was duly
The Chairman: Are thoro any further nominations? Do I hear any other
nominations! Hearing none, I declare
the nominations closed, and Delegato
Phillips, being the only one named, I
declare Delogate Phillips duly elected
as vice-president for the Crows Nest
The Chairman: There ie one other
delegato to be elected from Prince Bupert.
(Delegates Casey and Montgomery
were duly nominatod.)
The Chairman: Any other nominations? Are thero any other nominations?
Delegate Montgomery: I decline the
nomination, Mr. Chairman.
. (The Chairman: Any other nominations? Hearing nooe, I declare nominations closed, and there b- 'ng only ono
nomination, I deelare Dulogato Casey
elected vice-president for the Princo
Bupert territory.
The Secretary; In view of the fact
that the oxecutive committee recommended that the representatives on the
executive of Vancouver Island, and the
lower mainland, bo tho trustees, I take
it there is no need for any eleetion for
trustees this year. Is it' fully understood that this was adopted in tho
committee's report?    '
Delegate Hubble: Mr. Chairman, see.
ing that that has been adopted, there
is no other course to follow, although
I didn't know it was in.
The Seeretary: Mr Chairman, I would
placo in nomination the City of Victoria for the convention next year, and
in doing so I would like to say the
eonvention should have been there this
year, but owing to the desire to hold
a Western Conference, a referendum
vote was takon,-. and it was decided that
our convention should be held in the
City of Calgary, to facilitate the delegates attending the Western Conferenco, and I think under thoso conditions Victoria should get the convention for next year.
(The motion was duly seconded.)
The Chairman: Do I hear any other
nominations? Hearing none, I declare
tho City of Victoria chosen for the
holding of tbe 1920 convention.
The Secretary: It has been thc custom in years gono by, Mr. Chairman, to
elect a delegate to tho Trades and Labor Congress of Canada. I think I have
beon elected five or six times, but we
have never sent a delegnte yet, excepting thc year of 1915, whn the congress
met on the coast. I mention this, so
that the convention can decide now,
whether they wish to elect a delogate
for this congress or not.
Delogate Taylor: Mr. Chairman, I
would like to place in nomination the
name of the secrotary, as he mentioned,
wc hnve always elected a delegato, but
on account of the finances, the delegnte
has nover gono. However, I wish again
this year to place in nomination the
name of our socretary.
Tlie Secrotary: Mr. Chairman, I
would decline tho nomination for tho
simple reason that I havo other work
in Vancouver, which makeh it inadvisable for me to travel vory far away
at thin time.
Delegate Hubblo: I do not know
whether it is the desire of the convontion to go on record that thoy are ia
favor of sending a delegato or not.
After a clay's labor
than a
Bottle of
Bicycle;,   of   Real  Value—Tisdall's  STANDARD
| N ASSEMBLING tills Bicycle, quality has been our first
* consideration. We therefore offer you ao exceptionally
strong wheel at a very modcrato prico.
The Seeretary: That wai my intention in raising tho question. In view
of the faot that we hare altered onr
policy, is it any use? Personally, as
far as I am concerned, the 4400.00 or
4606.00 which yoa would spend in send,
ing a delegate te the next year's congress, eould be made better use of, If
spent in our own province in the work
which we have laid out for the federation.
The Chairman: The question has
heen raised as to whether we should
send a delegate or not.
Delegate Bees:  Mr Chairman, to test
the feeling of the convention. I would
move that a delegate be sent by thie
convontion to the Trades and Labor
(Tho motion was duly seconded.)
The Chairman:    Any   other   discus-
none? If not, yon havo heard tho motion, arc you ready for the question f
Delegates:   Question.
Delegate   Naylor:     Mr.    Chairman,
would you stato the. motion again?
The Chairman: The notion is to send
a delegate to tlie next convention of
tho Trades and lJubor Congress of Canada.
(The motion was put, Ayes, thirty-
three, Nob, thirty-five.)
The Chairmnn: According to the
count of tho votes, the motion is lottt.
The Chairman i I want to thank tho
delegates for the support thoy have
given the chair during tho election
and I hopo yeu will have continued
progress throughout tliis coming term.
I will now ask tho president-elect to
come forward and take the chair.
. (The president-elect, Delegate Kavanagh, here took the chair amid applause.)
Chairman Kavanagh: Brother delegates, I thank you for the groat honor which you have conferred upon mo,
and I trust that I shall not disgrace
the honor which you have placed ia
my hand, but shall always use the
gavel to tho best interests of our federation. Now, your executivo, as elected this year, is largely representative
of those who brought before you tho
proposed chango in policy introduced
lost Monday morning, and you havo
elected an executivo, in other words,
who aro in sympathy with that proposed change. That being tho case, it
will be my endeavor, together with that
of my colleagues, to do all wo can to
further tho proposed plan outlined in
the opening sessions of tliis convention,
in order that the workers of this country may by what strength they possess
remedy their position as it now exists
until they finally arrive at thnt stage
of intelligence, whereby they can institute democracy in its true form, that
is, industrial democracy as wo conceive
it. (Applause.) Gentlemen, I again
thank you. The committee on constitutional law will now report.
Chairman Midgley; Mr. Chairman,
your committee on constitutional law
has brought in, in conformity with tho
instructions of the convention, a rec-
ommenation as to the required number
of votos necessary to adopt amendments to our constitution, and they
have brought in a separate resolution
with reference to the majority required
to declare a goneral strike. We considered the two questions were consid*
rably different, nnd therefore they
would require different recommendations. The recommendation as to the
adoption of amendments to the constitution, ie aa follows:
"It shall require a majority vote by
organizations comprising the vital
trades, sueh as transportation, metal
trades and miners to adopt amendments
to the constitution."
Mr. Chairman, I might say in considering this matter, we realized that
there arc a number of small, scattered
organizations, who do not represent
what is termed tho vital trades, and in
referring to them, I want to make it
clear to you, make it clear to this convention, that I am not casting any reflection upon thom as such, but morely
comparing thom to others, in comparison to their importance to industries,
in general. That is to say, if we were to
leave out a majority of all organizations, a number of small locals, such as
bartenders, soft drink distributors, cigar makers and numerous othors, which
will occur to your mind, would havo a
very deciding effect on tho votes taken
by organizations in comparison with an
organization of hundreds or thousands
of members, such as the longshoremen,
street car men and so forth. We considered that the matter of a successful
carrying out of a change of policy in
thc convention will rest largely in tho
hands of these vital organizations. If
a change is adopted, if it were voted
for by the least important organizations from an industrial point of view
and rejected by the more important organizations, the result we feel would
be detrimontal to the best Interests
of our erganizd union, if it were forced
to bo carried on at the expressed disapproval of the more important organizations, and therefore we have brought
in our recommendation. It wos a very
difficult thing to arrive at some united
conclusion, as you discovered this morning iu listening to the discussion, and
we finally decided this was the best
solution of tho problem, thereforo, the
recommendation is: "That it shall require a majority by organizations comprising tho vital trades, that is, transportation, metal trudes and miners, to
adopt amendments o the constitution."
I move, Mr. Chairman, he adoption
of the committee's report.
(The motion wns seconded.)
Secretary Wolls: I agree, Mr. Chairman, with the policy so far, but it doos
not go quite far onough. Tho courso
of any move in tho last annlysis do-
ponds on the rank and Ale. That is a
ccrtninty. In fact anything that we
may make in our organization will depend on the support which we recoivo
from tho members, and while we have
got to take into account the basic
trades, if you will so call them, the vital industries of the province, unless you
arc suro bofore muking the chnnge that
the rank and file of these organizations
are really represented by lho ballots,
then you arc going to havo Very littlo
chance of putting it into effect, And
another thing is, if you get a real expression of opinion from the rank and
file from the lnrge organizations nnd
tho vital industries, it will hnvo a largo
effect on the balnnee of the orgaftizft-
tions wliich might probably, otherwise,
withdraw from tho organizntion as a
whole. You are making a start; nnd
you hnvo to prepare as you go along
for building up, Yon arc not going o
establish this thing right at the start
With all the affiliations which you hnvo
in the federation now, and therefore
I move an amendment, Mr. Chairman,
as an amendment to the resolution that
the loeal unions tie instructed to take ft
ballot vote, ballot papers to be Supplied
to each member, nud those not returned
to b«. counted in the affirmative. Hy
doing that you are getting a real expression of opinion of the membership,
and you must hnve it before you ohn
move. I do not care how mm.li wo may
try to juiu anything Hlco this down the
throats of members uf our eluss, you
c-iuinot move along these lines successfully in that manner. It must come
from thc bottom up, nnd I am confident if .you tuke a ballot vote in that
way, that you wttl not only get a true
enwessioa of opinion of yoar membership, hut yoa will thea U*A yoa ean go
ahead, you wiH go ahead en a sound
and firm basis.
Hu Chairman: I would ask if tho
committee weuM be wilKag to havo
this added, to their first recommendation regarding this proposition.
The Chairman: riot having the consent of the committee, I would ask for
a seconder to the motion,
(Tbe motion of Delegate Wells was
then seconded.)
The Chairman: Are you ready for
the question?
Th* Chairman: As I understand it
it is this. Insofar as tke amendment
is concerned, tke ballot papers will be
issued by the secretaries of the local
anions, and they then will notify tho
seeretary of thie federation of their
stand on this question. As I understand
the recommendation it is, that the majority of tke vital trades must be secured in the affirmative if it is to go
through, and I think that to mean this,
that in a eity sueh as Vancouver ia
which there arc many small organizations not.considered vital to industries,
that should a majority of these organizations voto in favor and there not
be a majority of those organizations
vital to the trades, that is such organizations as transportation, ship-building, miners and so on, then tlio voto
cannot be considered because the vital
trades have not certified thcir willingness to support it.
Delegate McVoty: Just reverse tho
situation. What would be the situation then?
Thc Chairman: It would depend on
the judgment of tho oxecutive and to
tho conditions in existence at that timo.
Delegate Wells: The motion is this,
that the local union bo instructed to
take a vote, and that ballot papors bo
supplied to each member, and thoso
not returned to be counted ia the affirmative. .
Delegate Hees: You said beforo you
would send thom by mail to each individual member.
Thc Secretary: I didn't say "I"
would, but I said they would be sent.
It is tho only way every man could
bo supplied with a ballot paper. Take
the steam engineers for example, and
|* they are as good an example as I can
think of. They are scattered all over
the province where they couldn't got
their members to meet and lako a vote
under any circumstances, or even a
majority of their mombers, so that
there would be only one way of taking a voto of that kind. My suggestion is a little crudely worded perhaps,
but it means this, that tho local union to comply with the instructions of
the executive will take a ballot voto
by sending a ballot to each member
of the organization in question, and unless that is done, the samo disqualifications will apply to returned votes, as
applies iu other cases, .if the instructions are not carried out. In other
words, if the instructions ,are not carried out, the vote will ;iot be counted.
Dolegato Rccs: I .-do,., not know
whether you would calkjhj^ an amendment to the amendment or, a sustitut-
ed motion, but I would tyke to move
it ub a substitute. ':*,,,
The Chairman: An arneji-dment is in
ordor. ,V7
Delegate-Bees: I wouJd-likc to movo
that on all vital questions, except the
?uestion of calling a general strike, be-
or the same becomes,; effective, we
must have a two-thirds vote of our
membership, and a majority of same.
And I would also like to;include in that
the question of severing, our connection from the international. Tho motion would be that it is moved as an
amondinent to thc amendment, that on
all vital questions, oxcept a resolution
to secede from the international union,
or on the question of calling a goneral
strike, before same becomes effective
that wc must have a two thirds vote
of thc membership and a majority of
thc same.
The Chairman: Are you ready for
the question?
Delegates: Question.
The Chairman: You are voting upon
the amendment to the amendment.
Delegate Hubble: I would ask Dole-
gate Wells whether he is willing to de-.
lete that portion which states that the
ballots which are not sent in should be
counted in the affirmative.
Dolegato Wells: I may say this,
that if you will only look at that last
part properly, it is only this, that it
is forcing the men who are too indifferent to roturn a ballot, forcing them
to take some action, or their ballot will
be counted in the affirmative.
A Delegate: For my information,
Mr. Chairman, I would like to ask, providing the amendment carries, will the
motion as amended then be voted upon.
The Chairman: For the present you
are voting upon the amendment to the
amendment. The amendment to the
amendment is that upon all vital questions, except a resolution to secede
from tbe international union, or the
calling of a general strike, boforo samo
becomes effective, we must huvo a two-
thirds vote of the membership and a
majority of the same. Are you ready
for the question?
Delegates:  Question.
(Tho amendment to the amendment
Was then put and dofeatcd.)
Thc Chairman: You aro now voting
on the amendment to the motion, proposed by Delegate Wolls .-.which is that
tho local unions be instructed to tako
a ballot vote, ballot papers to be supplied to each member, and those not
returned to bo counted in tho affirmative. Are you ready for the qucstiou?
" Delegates:  Question,
{Tho motion was put and on fount
of the ballots were found fifty-four in
Tho Chairman: You are now voting
on the resolution as amended. Are you
ready for the question!
Delegates;   Question.
(Tho motion us amended was then
put und curried unanimously.)
Chairman Midgley: The next recom-
inendHtion deals with the requisite to
tnko u goneral strike, and it. reads ns
follows: "It shnll require two-thinls
of the membership vptirig, to declare
a general strike. Tlio executive to lako
into consideration the vital trades, and
their geographical position." Mr.
Chnirmnn. much of the anjnaient; whicli
was advanced in relation to the last
applies to this, except for n general
strike Vote, it will require two-thirds
of the membership voting to declare it.
That is to say, regardless of tho numbor who vote, two-thirds of lh;* number must be iu tho affirmative in order to carry a general strike vote. Wo
hnvo always had in the recommendation
that the executive take into conslclora-
tion thu vital trades and Iho geographical position of lho.se voting, Mr.
Chairman, I move the adoption of tho
committee's report.
(The motion was seconded and put
to vote, and carried unanimously.)
Chairman Mldgley! Mr. Chairman, I
move the adoption of the supplementary report of the committee as amend-
od be ndopted.
(Tho motion was uoeonded, put to the
meeting, and carried uiianimouitly.)
Secretary Wells: I think pernnps
the  ueiiuuK  tnken at  this convention
are already bearing fruit. The executive was instructed last night to send
a wire to tke premier, and tho following was sent:
"Hon. John Oliver, premier,
"Province of British Columbia,
"Victoria, B. C.
"B. C. Federation of Labor in convention assembled demands A most
rigid enquiry into the explosion at No,
3 Mine, Coal Creek, on April 5th, 1916,
and a further enquiry into the cage
accident at Nanaimo last year. The
eonvention awaits your reply before
taking any definite action in tkis matter. Wiro reply to A. S. Wells, Labor
Temple, Calgary, Alberta."
and Mr, Chairman, I am now in re*
ceipt of the following wire:
"Victoria, B. C, Mar. 12, 1919.
"A. a Wells,
"Labor Temple, Calgary.
"Your wiro received. Oovernment
agreeable to hold necessary enquiry at
an early date.
(Signed) "JOHN OLIVER."
Delegate Pritchard: Mr. Chairman, I
move that the new executive be instructed to keep this matter under ad-
visomont and devise ways aad means
of seeing that thc promise of the government is carried out in caso this
promise finds the same resting place
in thc P. C. as the previous promises
outlined in the secretary's report.
(Tho motion was seconded.)
Delegate Bees: Would you put in
your motion, too, thnt the executive attempt- to arrange at least a labor representation on the enquiry
Delegate Pritchard:   Certainly.
The Chairman: The motion/will bo
amended accordingly. Are yen ready
for tho question?
(The motion was put and carried unanimously.)
The Chairman: There is one question
I would like to suggest, and I think
somoono should bring it up as a motion,
that following the non-success of this
proposal, that the executive carry on
a propaganda and submit it again Inter
to tho membership.
Delegate Pritchard: I would movo
such a motion—that the executive be
instructed, should tho present vote of a
referendum being submitted, not be
carried that an extensive propaganda
bo carried out along tho same lines,
and tho referendum again bo submitted. ■>
Delogate Watchman: I was going to
suggest, would it not be advisable in
tho best interests of the labor movement,' that a special convention be held
sometime say in May, and failing the
vote.to bo carried, then you would bc
in a position to take tho entire matter up. I favor the idea of calling a
special convontion after the vote is
taken, and not leaving it in the hands
of your oxecutive, because they might
feel at that time that they deemed it
inadvisablo in the faco of tho vote to
take any action, I think it would be a
good idea, if thafhappened, if we could
send a delegate from the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council to the Amor-*
ican Federation of Labor, and propagate it right here inside their organization.
Delegate Midgloy: I have discovered
in one convention which I havo attended, and I found it out by experience,
myself, and also from the experience of
the other delegates, that whore aay
lone individual from the ranks attempted to raise his voice in that august assembly in opposition to the international officers, he was not even given a
hearing. They would carry on a gontle
buzz aU over the room, and you would
have no chance to talk. I wilt support
the motion to carry on a propaganda.
Delegates:   Question.
(The motion wus put aud carried unanimously.)
The Chairman: Is there' any further
business before tho convention? I,
would like to announce that if delegates wish to havo roports forwarded
to them they must leave, their address
with the secrotary.
Secretary Wells: Mr. Chairman, I
might say one thing in conclusion to
the delegates. The trouble has boen in
the past, to a great extent, that after
the delegates havo gono back and made
their reports to the organizations they
represent, that the organizations have
ceased to take any interest in the affairs of tho federation. Now the executive officers of this organization can
only do .things if they have thc rank
and file behind them, und I would ask
whon tho delegates gu back to their
organizations to tell their organizations
that thc federation is still in existence,
and that tkey are part of it, and any
questions which affect them as workors
should bo referred to the executive of
tbo federation, so that we ean km v
what is going on. We havo aot boon
oonntuted witk tho different parte of tho
provinco as we should have beon, and
I hope, not only will the executive officers but tho anions thomsolves, will
do more towards keeping in touch with
one another than they have in the past,
so that the executive as a wholo can
understand the conditions which prevail at any particular time, at any particular part of the province.
Delegate PrUhnrd: Mr. Chairman, I
would like to say one word before we
adjourn, toe. We kave entered on a
now policy, and yoa can tnko it as my
Sersonal opinio^ that an> t *n wko has
een considered e»wur ih_itfJligent
and whose opiate* «*- \f____m*3<
expression of tko iik
kas seat them hex% kt
id as
  _     a-«a n fit-an*
proper person to besom aa oAeial and
unpaid organiser lor this convention,
nnd for carrying on the propaganda of
the new policy laid down by this convention. I think the delegates should
bo impressed witk tke fact tkat conventions onlr oecar periodically, bnt
the roal work must go on in tbe meantime.
Delegate McKenzie: Being a representative of tke loggers' union, and as
the delegato that represents that anion
hore, wo will bo going on tho road to
organize the camps shortly, aad there
is no doubt that we will do aH in oar
power to. briug this mattor bofore the
workerB. I would also like to aek our
president, that on account of the work
that is ahead of us, that he take the
greetings of this convention to tko loggers union ut their general meeting at
tho Int oppoHwsHr thnt he enn In-ftV
7k$ Ossimsm   If tkoio is n-tfttnf
men befow the cogvonUon, nnd hnving concluded the most mo-stentoaa cm*
vention in the bietosy of tho R C. Fed-
oration of Lnbor I detfcM tUo co*
vention adjourned.
legislature has amended thn stato com-
pensatlon Inw, and tta friendi da-darn
that, excepting state huwaaM, tt wl
now compare favorably wMh simitar
legislation ia ether i
T. B. 00THBERT8M * OO.
Hen1! Batten ud Oifttttan
we pay e*m
Victory, Liberty ar
Government Boa*
of any desorip-tten.
OucmU Mortff&ft *
seat Oo.
451 FBtfHB mm
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Goodi. GmW Fmitiaact
lottmy otgulMd
'Vital HMM Wafeaa et
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorised : ... $ »,•••-_*»
Capital Paid-up..... „____ $ MJ8MM
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 15,«
Total Assets.... ■___. _$MS,QSMei
518 ImaohM ia Ounda, Hewfonndknd wd Mtta WaU
Alio branches ia Lendoa, SagUnd; H*w Tork Oity, aad
Barcelona, Spain.
Twelw bnmohM in Vancouver :
Main Offlce—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets.
Corner JIain and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granvillo and Robson Streeta.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Avenue Wert,
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
201*6 Tew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpolc.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 other point*
in British Columbia.
One dollar opens an aoeout on whiek iitorwt ia paid htlt-yettif al
current ratefl.
Manager Vancoawr Branch SapsrvUor foe a. a   t
Empire Oil
Capitalization only $250,009     WELL NOW DBILLINO      Holdings 960 Aeres
Thc holdings of this company are situated near Aldergrove in the Langloy Municipality, which is reoogniaed as thc best loeation in thc Fraser Valley for Oil. The
drilling of the well is under the supervision of Mr. Koy J. Widney, who has had
twenty years' experience in the California and Alberta Oil Fields and is considered
one of the beat drillers in tho country. A heavy* standard rig, capable of going
down 5000 feet if neoeesary is now being installed, which, when completed, will
be tho largest and most up-to-date plant in British Columbia.
Action Not Words Our Motto
Tho Empire Oil Co., whioh started in a small way, against all kftds of obstacles
and opposition, lins quietly forged ahead until today it ranks first in the field
with the best location, the best driller, the best equipment, and we believe will liavo
the first commercial well,
Invest your money in a company that is actually drilling and trying to accomplish something—you are guaranteed a square deal nnd a run i'oi* your money under an honest, capable management.
Fimpire Oil is absolutely the best buy on the market today at 10 cents per shore,
Prices subject to advance at any time, without further notice. It will pny you to
investigate this company before placing your money elsewhere,
Pacific Coast Development Co.,
Phono Seymour 1_89
Ets-aan-H —as.   st. ~    TBE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATTOMST    vancootbb, b. &
OIL CO., Ltd.
Capital Stock, $500,000 Non-personal Liability
Par Value of Stock* 10c
the extent of 1280 acres of selected oil
Boundary Bay district.
At the present time the BOUNDARY BAY OIL
COMPANY, Ltd-, have a crew of seven men erecting:
the derrick, which will be 106 feet high, with a base
of 24 feet, and is 30 feet higher than any yet built in
British Columbia. We expect to have this derrick
completed by the end of this week, when our Rotary
rig, whkh is capable of going down to 6000 feet, will
be installed immediately, as we have all the machinery on the grounds and paid for.
Mr. Clark, the BOUNDARY BAY driller, who is
an experienced Rotary man, and very efficient in his
line of work, states that the Boundary Bay holdings
are ideal ground for a Rotary rig, and maintains
that the Rotary will be as big a factor in the development of the Boundary Bay field, as it has been in
Texas, where it is not unusual for a well to be completed to a depth of 2000 feet in thirty days' time.
.   The BOUNDARY BAY holdings are not located
on a channel, but* on what the geologists call a
"dome," or in othdr words, a "lake of oil." Wherever we drill on MM BOUNDARY BAY holdings of
1280 acres, we wiliget oil. No doubt there will be
a great many latgp producing wells brought in, in
this Province, but bow here will there be a larger well
brought in thai! .Bo, 1 WeU on the BOUNDARY
BAY holdings, aihfefanother important feature is the
fact that there is easier drilling at BOUNDARY
BAY than in any of the other British Columbia
fields, which counts for so much. We figure we will
be able to make the first commercial body at BOUNDARY BAY, which is at a depth of 1480 feet, within
thirty days from the time we start drilling.
The Oil Business is taking a prominent part in the
business world of British Columbia today, and is
now on a permanent basis, as BOUNDARY BAY is
the fourth well drilling for oil in the Province.
Ltd., holds property to
lands, situated in the
Wake up to the fact that it is the man who has the
foresight to get in on the ground floor before an oil
boom is started, who accumulates the fortunes, and
the pessimists are the ones who get in later on when
they have to pay the top prices.
Do you realize what the opening up of the British
Columbia oil fields mean to the Province, which have
up to the present time been undeveloped through
lack of foresight and energy?
It seems a pity that the Province of British Cotam-
bia should have to send over to Ae United States the
sum of $42,000,000 annually for petroleum instead
of keeping this money at home, when we have high-
grade petroleum, and fuel oil right here at our door.
Just stop and think what this vast expenditure a
year means to the 300,000 population of British Columbia, when our money might be kept at home. _
5c Per Share 5c
The J. S. Anderson & Co., Ltd.
543 Pender St. W.  Sey. 617   Vancouver, B.C.
f ran)4T_
-ttfts a, nit
ma.-   THB
IA FEDBKATAimiff      tutoowb, i. s.
(Non-personal liability)
Incorporated under the Companies Aet of B. C.
See Onr Window Di$pIay-€verybody Make A Guess, Free To AD
Yoa Are Under No Obligation
How many gallons of oil flows f rom the magic barrel per minute ?   How many
barrels would it fill in 24 hours.   One barrel contains 35 gallons of oil.
THE COLUMBIA OIL CO. is operating in British Columbia only.   Our first
well was brought in at the shallow depth of 610 feet, and produces 20 barrels ef
higb-grade oil every 24 hears.
Om Band ei Columbia OU Refined
Vfa gallons Gasoline, worth.* LIS
12 gallons Kerosene, worth_  2.88
1V*_ gallons Lubricating Oil,
worth   8.92
3% gallons Heavy OiL worth  2.83
2 lbs. Paraffine, worth™.: .30        First prize	
Dombion Govt,.Boun*T_^. J&&     geoondprize„
Total value *16.60Vfe
Competition closes 9 p.m. Saturday, April 19th, 1919.
Deposit your guess in box just outside office door.
Names of lucky winners will be published in next issue of this paper.
All persons in any way connected with thf Columbia Oil Co., other than
shareholders, are not allowed to compete.
Phone Seymour 9360 310 Hastings Street West
..$10.00 in gold
.$5.00 in gold
[From tk. "H.tioa" Leaden.]
We wan Mt surprised when it wm
ttnounced lut Monday tkat th. government contemplates creating _ ntw
(Mee ot liter-nation. Wbea tit gov-
w—eat i* displaying activity ll eo
many sphem; when demand, for Na-
tionalintion aid proteetiol aria, from
n> many quarters; wkea nek erowdn
of intelligent young men, hitherto occupied ia government ofieeu, are likely
to ind themselves deprived of employ,
meat by tk. unfdreseen roturn et peac.
and a. many eligible government but.
taay stand empty and remain unsaleable to tke moat private it contractors,
what mor. natural than tkat th. government should devize a special department foe tk. protection aad national-
isatioa ef trutht What commodity deserves protection more than trutht
What should be more speedily rescued
from private exploitation, and entrusted to tho nation's caret Troth is th.
vory bread and butter of life; th. gov-
■'rnmt-at subaidiiea bread; it rations
"mtter;    bit    wtat   control,   except
through tke purely negative action of
tke censorship, haa it over trutht Tho-
.logians applaud an "Economy of
Truth" bnt where, except in certain
popular newspapen, do w. lind such
economy practiced! It is high time
that tke government undertook to control and ration an article at one. s.
precious ud rare.
So we ar. not surprised tkat the pro-
red is at laat seriously entertained,
memorandum from Captain Quest to
th. National War Aims committeo outlines tho new appropriate scheme. Let
ua briefly take the leading clauses ot
that memorandum and discover their
purpose and their scope. It begins by
telling us: "It la a legitimate function of th. Btatoi, working through
th. chosen government of the nation,
to supply trustworthy material on which
a sound judgment may be formed on
social and economic questions." Surely thia is almost a truism, and yet how
seldom In our rough Island's story haa
thia governmental function been ful-
Jllledt The wholo object of education,
and indeed of thought, is to form a
Cash and Carry
Select your Groceries from Woodward's low-
priced displays. Quick selling assures fresh stock
at aU times.
Here are a few Specials commencing Saturday,
April 12th.
Quaker Peas, per tin ....W/_o
Vantoria   Tomatou,   large
tin ma
Royal Crown Soap, per carton   20VjO
P. V. Sterilized Milk ....llo
Matchea, 30O's 8e
Woodward'a Extra   Choice
Tea; rag. 50c 43c
Cream of Wheat, pkg Mo
Clark'a   Tomato   Ketchup,
per bottle  20V.O
Skookum Shoe Polish, per
tin 9o
Powdered Bath Brick, per
tin 7o
Hii'ondelle Spaghetti or Macaroni  uy_6
Rising Sun Stove I'olish.lOc
Ralston 'a   Matchless   Stove
Polish, per tin 60
Brasso; reg. 25e for ....19*/2o
Best Cleaned Currants, per
pkg  15o
Blue Ribbon   Poaches,   per
carton    19e
Holbrook's Ground
Rice   15Vie
Con's Gelatine, pkg 15o
Holbrook's Egg Powder..21o
Nabob Custard Powdcr....Hc
White Gloss Starch llo
Canada Cornstarch llo
Benson's Cornstarch .\3\/_o
P. V, Baking Powder, per
tin  20e
Dr. Price's Baking Powder,
per tin 39o
Eggo Baking Powder, large
tin - 29o
Nabob Jelly Powder 9*y_o
Empress or Malkin'a Spicci,
per tin 9o
Colman's Mustard, y_'a..24o
Campbell's  Assorted Soup,
tin 16o
Asparagus, per tin  23o
Clark's Pork and Beans, l's,
per tin Ho
B. C. Salmon, per tin....8V_o
Jap Rice, 2 lbs. for 24e
Best White Beans, 2 lbs...l7o
Tapioca, 2 lbs 22c
Sago, 2 lbs *..22c
Split Peas, 2 lbs 17c
Lownoy's Cocoa, %'s 21o
Baker's Cocoa, y_'s ....22*y_o
Cowan's Cocoa, Vis's ....22»/_o
Pacific Milk liy2o
Reindeer Milk 19»/_0
Nabob Extracts 21o
Grape-Nuts, por pkg 13o
Quaker Rolled Oats, 4's..28a
Market Baskets, each .—lOo
Woodward's Bettor Coffee;
reg. 55c 466
Woodward's Ckoica
reg. 45o ._......—
Nabob Tea	
Maybloom Tea
sound judgment, and if tou chosen governmont of the nation, such as our presont government for instance is, will-
supply ue with the trustworthy material for forming a- judgment, let ua
be joyful. If the next chosen government should supply us with a different
kind ef material, that will be its own
look out,
"It haa always—and quite rightly—" the memorandum continues,
"been contrary to our theories of government to spend publio money in manipulating opinion. Such a word as 'propaganda' thoroforo should be avoided.
What is wanted is 'information'." Who
wonld not agreet It would be monstrous—it would be almost immoral—
for a governmont to spend publie money
in manipulating opinion for its own
support. Captious people have reeently
been objecting that certain large advertisements paid for with public money have shown a deplorable tondeney
to contradict our theories of government in that line. But the word, '' propaganda" is now to be avoided, and
"information" is to tako its place.
Queen Elizabeth used to talk of "tuning her pulpits." How much more
frunk and constitutional will be the action of tho chosen govornment in
mounting tho pulpit itsolf and giving
us the pure milk of information! We
congratulate Captain Quest upon his
opon-hcarted frankness and rigid morality.
"It hue been remarked that Mr.
Pecksniff was a moral man. So ho was.
Perhaps there nover was a moro moral
man that Ur. Pecksniff. He was a lyost
exemplary man; fuller of virtuous percept than a copybook. Somo peoplo likened kirn to a direction-post, which is
alwaya telling the way to a place, and
never goes there; but thoso were his
Tho memorandum goes on to suggest
subjects with whicb the Department
of Information might usefully deal:
sueh subjects as the Peuce settlement
(plenty of time to collect information
about that, we suppose!); Bolshevism,
"its social and economic results in
Bussia and elsewhere" (how thankful
wo should be if our chosen government
would only give us information upon
that subject, or even tell us what tkey
moan to do about it!); labor unrest,
"setting forth impartially tho caso of
employers and employed before matters
reach an acute stage" (most impurtial
the information of our chosen government would bo, and most useful in the
prosent acute stage!); publie health
and morals (on morals wo could at all
events trust it); food production—distribution and pricos (why, yos, there
arc a good many things thut our choson
government might tell us about theso
subjects): Opportunities for thrift and
investment in government securities—
"a matter which may bo of vory great
importance if largo schomes of land
purchaso and national dovelopment aro
undertaken." Tho information promised as to the last subject is to ourselves
tho most attractive of all, for it will
savo us tho trouble und expenses of
consulting our stockbroker as to tke
most patriotio and lucrutivo manner of
investing tho hoards of wealth we hav.
accumulated during tho war.
" 'Money, John,' sold Mr. Pecksniff,
'Is the root of all evil. I grieve to see
that it is already bearing fruit in you.
But I will not remember its existence.
Oh! Let us not bo forever calculating,
devising and plotting for the futuro!
I am weary of such arts. If our inclinations are but good and opon-hcarted, lot us gratify them boldly, though
thoy bring us loss instead of profit.' "
The memorandum coutiuues to expatiate upon its motives in a sontence of
unimpeachable uprightness and probity
thut wo canuot refrain from quoting tu
full: "Such a department," it justly
says, "must be clear of all suspicion
or possibility of being usod as an elec*
tioneering instrument by tho government of tho day." That is one of the
most rcmurkable tributes to tho honor
and integrity of our political lifo which
we havo evor had tho delight of reading.
"It would be no description of Mr.
PeoksnilT's gentleness nf mann*"* 'o
adopt tke common parlance, and aay
that ho looked at tii..-. uiuiuOiu tt. U
butter wouldu 't molt in his mouth. He
rather looked as if any quantity of
buttor might have boen made out of
him by churning tk. milk of human
hindness as it spouted upwards from
kls keart. If ever Mr. Pecksniff won
aa Apostolic look, ho won it oa tkis
memorable day." '
In order to secure our ehosen gor-
erament from uur vile suspicion (for
even Caesar's wife did not escape sva-
pieioa), tho memorandum roeos
.tu..  .   m-t-li-jn-Hit-.r—  -.ammitta..
anting aB notion. 0* the Hens, of
CemsMH, should b* formed in order
to inspir. p-jbUe eoiidono.. Aad V
that would not inspire publie conMenc
what ia tk. nam. 0* igoodness would!
farther, k aaggeeta that tha reaponei-
MMy t» parliament lor ths. work
should mt with th. board of education. Ttat is alao a •eervicable device.
It is th. (brio, oaployed witk suek
success by Hr. Bpenlow and Mr. Jerkins. Tha next olaan of tho memorandum ia still mors exhilarating. It says,
"Om of the advantage, of th. advisory eMBmitteo would bo to wan tk.
minister of unexpected pitfalls." It is
lot clear what minister is intended.
Perhaps tit. word should be in th.
plural. There an many occasions 01
whioh an office et information, could
warn ministers of unexpected pitfalls.
Bat wo suppose a certain latitude for
human error might be allowed.
"Ever man," aaid Mr. Pecksniff,
"kas a right, aa undoubted right,
(which I, for one, would not call in
question for any earthly consideration;
oh, not)" to regulate his own proceedings by his likings aad dislikings, supposing tkey am aot immoral aid not
Aa to methods, theunemorandunt tell,
us that the now department will b.
organised on the lines of a great newspaper, and "would operate in th. sam.
way, so far as th. Press is concerned,
by supplying articles, in proof or la
stereo, of a readable character, written
by well-known authorities on their respective subjects, aad carefully subedited, before issue." This sentence is,
of coarse, very reassuring for tk. editors of our great aewspapers, and no
doubt they will welcome thia official
assistance. Three minor questions suggest themselves: Will tho editors have
to pay for theae articles of a readable
character, written by wall-known authorities! Will they be compelled to
publish the governmental truth, whether they like it or not! And is it really
necessary to start a new department
when nearly all tke nowspapers are eo
intimately favored and controlled by
our chosen government -already! However, as these readable articles will b.
Reliable Investment
Co., Ltd.
620 Rogers Building:
Phon. Sey. 878
Tho following areja**fcw of the businesses which we have listed for sale.
If you desire to bujj orsell, call at our
offico or phone andfioilr representative
will call upon you. ifc-fd chargo for listing.' No charge for advertising.
Soft Drink Bar and Cigar
$750 will purchaso 'tjils dandy littlo
business, well localctf'tra. one of the
busy streeta; making) flue profits, and
the stock and fixtures are in splendid
condition, showing good value for tho
price asked, This .is.j, fino chance to
get into a very profitable business for
Confectionery, Etc.
*600 is the full prico askod for this
dandy littlo business, showing splendid
j   profits, with a fino stock  nnd nttrau-
'  tivo  fixtures, which  show good value
I  for tho price.   Fixtures   includo   soda
I  fountain, showcases, etc., and thero is
<   a large furnished living room at  the
rear.   Splendid location; lease can be
arranged; uud the rent is only $12.50
per month.   Owner is returning to Old
Bakery and Confectionery
$1,000—Shows good vnluo for the
price asked. Stock and fixtures in
first-ctuss condition. Bent iB only $12
per mouth, and loase can bo had. Tho
business c leared a very huudsoinc proflt last year. This is located in one
of the best districts and is offered for
aale aa owner is leaving tho city.
$1,000 will purchaso this very profitablo business, located in a district
whero a good steady trade is sum. Receipts average botter than $1,400 per
month and stock and fixtures are in
first-class condition, and show good
value for the price. Just the business
for man and wife.
$500 will give you an interest In a
rery profitable business; aiae a position where yon can nam good wages.
This is a well e3tablit&od business with
an unlimited future. 0i
Wt> have for.sale fin equal onc-hnlf
interest in a well-established manufacturing business, pHodWing articles for
which thero is a very groat demand.
The factory now employs thirty hands
and is on a good paying basis. Businoss is too large for owner, who desires good reliable and steady worker.
Manufactured product, raw material
and plant will show excellent valuo for
the price asked, ana owner will show
books and give fullest information.
$5000 is tho prioe asked and the man
is mere important than the money.
Reliable Investment
Co., Ltd.
C20 Rarer* RufMiinr
eareMy nb-edit-jd Wfet. im
(thMgh w» do wt kMW otaetty what
that mean.), w. teal euro feat tttf -*■
foam aa excellent kind tt govornment-
— aa,    "fcnt-nah
would i^, whh*
ivennat  in   tk.
auy prov. very conveni«t
scarcity of th. old-faehioaed product,
juat ai margarine ia ia tha soar city at
batter. Aad w. rejoice t. hew ttat
"a nucleus of th. staff of the publicity
department ef the N. W. A, C. ta immediately available for starting the
work on the preaa aid.." We know
thaw delight.al youth.—tt. Cuthberta
tt romance—so exquisite in military
uniforms and sparkling leggings a. they
confront the perila ot Whitehall. They
ar. the publie servants we feared might
be thrown out of employment and coal-
polled to labor, unless wm. salutory
scheme like this wen contrived fer
their salvation. Wa hop. that a eft-
clal uniform will now b. elaborated
for them—whether pink, green, yellow
or variegated like a harlequin's or a
camouflaged ship doea not really matter, provided the red tab. are retained.
It is endlessly kind of thtm thus to
asaiat ua poor journalists, not only in
supplying readable articles, but it subediting them aa well. Por, aa Mr. Pecksniff so truly observed, "It really it,
my dear Martin, it really ia in tha fin-
khing touches alone tkat great experience and long itudy is those matter.
So the acheme for supplying the publio with trustworthy material on which
a sound judgment may ba formed ia
inaugurated under th. very best auspices. We read that lectures ud cinematograph work may b. included as
th. scope of tha department expand,,
and atill more public money may be as-
signoa to the propagation of government truth. It seems all too good to b.
true. It is like a vision of Arabian enchantment, so fair that it almost suggests unreality. We fear then may be
evilly-disposed persons who will suspect
ita beauty as inBidious allurement, aad
its virtues as false assumption. But, in
that case, let Captain <Jue» emulate a
great example:
" 'Pecksniff,' said Anthony, 'don't
yau be a hypocrite.'
" 'A what, my good sir I' demanded
Mr. Pecksniff.
" 'A hypocrite.'
" 'Charity, my dear,' said Mr. Peek-
sniff, 'when I take my chamber candlestick tonight, remind mo to be more
than usubI particular in praying for
Mr. Anthony Chuzzlowit, who has don.
me an injustice'."
Inventor Plead. Oaa.
Washington*—The nine justices of th.
United Stntes Supreme Court permitted
William F. Brothers, a Brooklyn inventor, to-plead his case against the government, whom he charges with using
his unloading device without his consent, in tho construction of the Panama
Canal. The inventor told the court he
woe too poor to employ counsel and
asked that he be awarded damages
against the government. Brothers made
an extended argument, which he illustrated by a small model of his invention. Ho was frequently interrupted
by memberB of the* court, who askod
him quostions.
Mr. Union Man, do you buy at a
union 8tov:*f
as a Kicattfc labor combination, an
highly exemplified ia tk. manuftt-
Ford Suits   ?
W. run a Union Sal. Ston ttt
which we held a Union label. W.
employ Union Workeri ia our Tai-
loriag Bhop, paying Union Wagea
and conforming to Union Conditions.
Th. Union of a Uaioa Sdes Stor.
ud a Union Work Shop is beneficial
to everyoie and meat of all to the
customer, hs he (or sh.) Union or
otherwise, because the Pcderatioa of
Master and Men, Capital wd
Labor, combine in th. FOBD SUITS
to prodaa. all tha* ia beat aal awl
womhv'I sans
Th. Oo_t of Uf. and Labo. in tt» Production of Ood
In a remarkabi. article
caption of "Tke Blood on th. Ooal,"
8. E. Slocombe, in the London, (Bug-
land), Herald for March 15, reports th.
findings of the Boyal Coal Commission
to date. Tho gilt of hia article ia contained in tha tw» opening paragraph.:
"It ia possible that th. industrial
hiitory of Eaglud will bo changed for.
ever by the disclosures made before th.
coal commission. Whatever evil thing,
w-tr. dono in the name of profit ia tho
alining industry during th. war, and
beforo it, it ia unthinkable that thty
cu be done with impunity again. W.
have now learnt at what a eoat ia lif.
and labor the coal is got from th. mine.
If the mine-owner, have sunk theit
capital, the miner, have mak thoir
lives. Thro, men an killed ia th.
minea for every day ef the year. A
third of th. minen are injured -jvety
year more or leas seriously. Then ia
blood on all the eoal. we burn.
"There ia more than history ia th.
Coal Commiaaioa. Then ia la It drama
of the interest, the whole tragic drama
their Kvu shut ont in mon Maies thaa
one from the light of the taa. It i> a
drama worthy of a gnat tragi, utor,
aad fwtunatoly fet tt ri, h. hu tw
foaad in Bobert BasHlto.''
Bobort MUH bnd of tb. Mian.
FBdaratioa, jmJm. th. friowiag t»
pnooion upea lb. SUeomb.:
"Whu h. tftt— it la tt if *. *►
articulate million spoke through hin.
Anger rim hi yur throat at tk* hoi-
nr ot ft— anaverted ud tk. aVaau
ttt reward napaid. H» batata ft m
tk. profit w lon tt high wag-m, bat oa
tb* sham* ef Mt miaf theses a*t oa
the wisdom or unwiidom it good toaea-
Moni, but on tha crime of not leaenMag
tbem. Ho dan an argaa; h* statea,
ud eaeh itaanawt stake Ik. a nrort-
point He uk* u atay aad ahtin
bom. I think his era ban always bain, than tha nnil Im aad W-
breaUng labor of thon mu ha •* duk
underground who tenth* tta MH Hi
ia whieh horses any aat Ufa ud ana
Iron tho ronrdt pndaead hsders tk.
immlwtoi, it aap-tan tha* the gnMa
for the miu-owaen dutag aba. war
beea before th. war. Bvu thu- ia
IMS, th. ae* pri* had b*M u*-Nl
Hag (aboat 15 cut., an taa.       j
A Ground Swell
Wave Coming
The oil industry is bound to enjoy great and enduring prosperity, regardless of any possible disturbance in industrial conditions. A company Kite tbe
National Oil Company that is fast establishing a strong organization, backed by good properties and a thorough and scientific development, is in a position to profit immensely by the coming ground swell wave of high prices and
big demand for oil that is approaching.
Take our word for it, you may never have an opportunity again to get hi
on such a good thing as the National Oil Company shares at 10c. National 03
Company has 12 square miles of oil lands in Surrey, Langley, Matsqui Fields,
B. C; 80 acres Pitt Meadows, 45 acres Burnaby, 1,200 Graham Island, 800
acres Katalla, 500 acres Peace River, near producing wells; 180 acres Wyoming, where big wells are brought in quite regular; 40 acres ia Kansas, surrounded by producing wells.
National Oil Company has 320 acres in the famous Texas Field, where
they are bringing producing wells in every day. National Oil Company has
a big development campaign on now. In buying National Oil at 10c per share
you are buying in a company that has not all its eggs in one basket. - National Oil Company has one rig now and is securing another brand new standard rig. This stock at 10c per share is a mighty good proposition and won't
Jast very long at this price, so get in now before it is too late.
Capitalization $300,000.  Par Value 10c
Call or Write
Phone Seymour 2799
Vancouver, B. C.
D. Bobilliard,
321 Pendor St. W.,
Vancouver, B, «\
Bear Sir,—Please find enclosed .
,.,  11119.
.dollars (*..
..)  in  f.iH
fayment for.   shares of thc capital stock of tbe National Oil Coiupauy, at 10c por
shsn, fully paid and nenassessabl.
...Street Ho.
City or Iowa .
.Stato or Pnvinn- PAGE TEN
■eeeventh yeak.   No. is   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vanoouvbb, b. c.
Suits andDresses
\    These tire a choice selection and represent values to $35.   They
• j     urn th«i Season's Smartest Stripe, carried out iu fine fabrics, fea-
'     taring mnny new shadns and colore.   This presents a chance of
securing a smart Easter Outfit at a mott attractive and economical
priee from a house of high, repirtatita.
If You Are In Favor of the O.B.U.
and wish to render financial support to the committee in
charge of the propaganda, and the taking of the referendum vote, cut out this coupon and mail it with your donation to the Secretary of the Central Committee, V. R.
Midgley, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
To the Secretary of Ute Ce»tral Committee of the 0. B. V.
Enclosed please find the gum of $	
 as my
contribution towards the propaganda and expense in taking
the referendum vote for the 0. B. U. Tou need not send a
receipt ,an acknowledgment through The Federationist will be
(Signed) i ™
iHere Are
3 Winners
Men, read this—it is important. We want to
bring before your notice these three big shoe
These are the three best bets in the shoe business
today.  ARE THEY GOOD?
Woll, ask tho nen who wear thorn; thev will tell you, and you will
flnd ovor 500 pairs of the shoes on the feet of Vancouver shoe buyers.   Yes, we sold over 600 pairs in 30 days, and, believe me, that's
- going some.   Here are tho three big bets:
Tho "Yolc"-rA Mahogany
Calf Blucher, with red Acm.
sole and hool, *fi QC
Prico    V-O.s'.'
Tho "Balkan"—A Congo ealf
with red acmo sole aad heel.
Tho prico
is   —
Tho "Astor" — A
light or Mahogany
Calf with red acme
sole and heel.   Prico
Eemcmbcr   theso
on   those   shoes   wear
twice os long as leather
soles and aro more comfortable.
"Best Boot I ever owend,"
gays on. man.
"Solid comfort in the pair $
bought," Bays another.
"I have worn many shoes, but sever found the equal of those,"
was tho remark of another.
MOW, KB, MAK—In the face of these facts, how can you afford
to pass up theso shoest You can't do it and you won't do it, when
you know tho price, $5.96 a pair. Bemembcr, this is Johnston's
price. Other stores churgo $8.50 for a shoe not as good. Oet busy,
Mr. Man; put your feet into a pair of these thtea- asd by so doing
you will save #2.25,
■j" tit*-' !-i<| t*U'vli',; bevt
..April 11, 1919
Mortgages Make Bolsheviks!
Editor B. C. Federationist: We bear
on all sides grumblings of sorious import from men who used to be considered, and were, sober, sonsible and hardworking. There is'die-satisfaction with
present conditions of life iu B.C., especially and all over Canada. The union
men nre blamed for radical 'speeches,
thu returned soldiers are accused of
unreasonable demands, but no one has
yet eome forward to put his finger on
the festering ioro spot—the gasping,
blood-sucking, soul-destroying variety
of mortgagees; thoso men and companies that want the very last ounce
of flesh—represented in this caae by
tho last cent of intorest and compound
intorest that thoy can extract from the
unlucky or unfortunate mortgagor; this
kind of vampire will not accept a quitclaim from his debtor till the debtor
is completely squeezed dry of money
and broken in health and spirit. That
"personal covenant" is held as a whip
over his head, until in too many cases
tho poor wretch goes crazy and commits suicide or in driven out of the
The banks do not lend money on
mortgages directly, thoy run mortgage
und trust companies instead, and thus
get a strangle-hold on many a home.
Through a fairly comprehensive terrorist system, the money interests frighten
tho pnpers from exposing this iniquitous business; the laws having been
mado chiefly for the protection of capital are used to help the usurer. I do
not blame all mortgagees—for it is the
many just and -kindly men who have
lent their moro needy brethern sums
of money at fair rates and under reasonable conditions that havo saved this
country from catastrophe—from bloody
and terrible deeds done by despairing
men; all honor to these good follows;
it is the low-down, greedy creatures,
who will havo his interest and his renewal fees and every possiblo and impossible charge he can heap on to the
borrower, this is tho curse of this western country; let us expose him and put
him out of business—or wo shall have
Bolsheviks, communists, and the likes
in plenty in B. C.
Tho Federal and B. C. governments
havo lately shouted about all they are
going to do for tho returned ment  Are
they going to allow these men a fresh
start, or are they to bc obliged to pay
off thoso arrears of interest and compounded interest that have accumulated
during the four years they were away
lighting to keep these leeches in security at home, the very leeches who now
demand the whole principal and the
40 or 50 per cent interest thut has accumulated on tho returned man's property. Keal estate has gone down to almost nothing in value—thanks chiefly
to Kirk and tho other tax-gatherers;
is tho inortgagco to havo everything
and tho owner nothing!  Is this fair?
Is it honest*  It is the law!   Well, the
law must bo changed, and if a man can
not pay, the mortgagee should bo compelled to accept a quit-claim. Further,
the foreclosure of a mortgage should
not be tho  expensive legit 1  process it
is today, a means of bleeding tho debtor legally; but it should be a simple"
business to  closo up a. mortgage for
both sides fo tho bargain; as it is today,   tho   small   mean-minded   things
hound their wretched debtors with this,
thnt and tho other extortion, threats
of judgment, executions of judgment,
etc, etc., until tho usually honest steady
citizen is mude un irrational destroying animal, caring only for tho destruction of hts persecutors nud their property.   Is it accessary to go on   Will
sueh firms tnke warning und meet their
debtors half-way *nd thus ward off the
wrath to como? Or must tho evil work
of extortion go on till a violent upheaval sweeps these vampires off the earth
and causes unnecessary suffering on tho
innocent as well?
No amount of Y. M. C. A. or religious
preaching will curb the destroyer when
he gets started;  so lot  this warning
soak in, ye whited sepulchres.
Yours in sorrow nnd disgust,
■••--*■>■... t: _   h   r -,-*,,;
■;a:COI -t< b L. *;
Editor B. C. Federationist: With regard to Mr. J. S. Woodsworth's address
at tho Boyal, recently published in your
paper under tho heading of "Woman's
Relation to Social Changes," I am inclined to believo that Mr. Woodsworth
has stepped gingerly around his subject and has thereby kept it in tho
Tho part women will play in thc new
order of society is of much greater importance than tho average, surface-
sximming thinker realizes, that .js, if
we arc to have reconstruction and not
a "patch-up." That many, "reformers" or "patch-up philosophers" pretend to discuss the so-called woman
problem, without flrst thinking it necessary to equip themselves with at
lease a modicum of elementary knowledge is manifested iu their looseness
in the use of term, to wit, "Equality
of the sexes" and "Binglo standard
of morality," etc.
There is no basis mr comparison in
this connection and crying for sueh unattainable things is like baying for tho
We cannot compare the violin with
tho bow, because they'cun only function in a complementary way, through
their very differentiation. There wns
a time when there was no such a thing
as sex. Generation was a fact of lifo
long before the dawn of sex. It was
hy division, ie., a splitting up. It was
not until ages had passed that sex
evolved, and then it wus not as we
know it now.
We can recognize sex, not on a basis
of equality but through tho very difference in them. The lack of proper
recognition of the distinct individuality
of tho sexes is one of the innumerable
defects of our society. Tho lack of a
preemption of this profound differenco
hus made the members of each sex, in
mnny things strange tu each olher and
capable of sympathy only with their
own. It is in giving full play to the
differences of sex, rather than in seeking to obliterate them as is apparently
the effort of reformers of today, that
tho enjoyment of each by itself and
the attraction which each has for tho
other is alike enchanced.
Today there is no career for woman
except in an unnatural rivalry with
men, they being physicnlly handicap-
Biologically considered, tbe female is
essentially conservative and restlessness is an originnl uhar act-eristic of the
male. Now, what would seem a contradiction, viz: The restlessness of
woman, in tho faco of thcir old age
conservatism finds its explanation in
the realm of economics, wherein, too,
lies many another secret.
Our mode of production and distribution (with its attendant inequalities in
tho opportunities and possessions of individuals) of tho means wherewith lifo
is sustained in the body, and tho social structure reared upon thin same
mode of production has ureverted und
degraded woman by bringing her into
thc industrialjirena, in an unnatural,
handicapped, rivalry with men.
Somo time, ju past ages, man, by
his superior physical strength has, overreached and taken for himself the whole
product of the wealth which this very
ancient earth yields and left woman to
beg and wecdle cr plunge into industry
in an unequal rivalry with men for her
share. It is to this extent that woman
has. been tempered and given unrest,
and.much further than it appears on
the Surface has the raco suffered from
Tho cry for tho ballot was merely
a manifestation and is not important in
itself. Personally, I am beginning to
lose interest in tho "ballot" as a weapon for the defense of women, or mon
either; because the dominant economic
interests are always in tho saddle by
order-in council, Wur time election aotaf
by the power of the dollar or by fair
menus or foul.
Howover, women havo boen budly
dealt with in so muny ways that they
would not havo been if they had had
tho ballot, but there are many more
ways in which they aro badly dealt
with owing to our extraordinary economic system. Women aro badly dealt
with a a result of the present form of
marriage, but thut in itself is a result
of property forms, marriago being a
form of property and woman handed
over from a dependency upon one person to a dependency upon some other j
person for tho means whereby she is 1
to exist. -
Men are also budly dealt with as a
rosult of marriage, and any desired
change for the liberation of women nnd
men, too, can only come when a change
has been affected in tho "privato property" form-af-ownership which has
the antiquity (?) of but a few centuries,
but to which, nevertheless, all so-called
ills, social ills, cun be traced.
When evolution has reached its logical conclusion, and a co-operative commonwealth has been established; when
the peoplo of thc nations decide to
take charge of the industries and commorco upon which their livlihood depends, and administer them for the
servico of tho people of tho nations
instead of for private profit nnd a flagrant disregard for the satisfying of tho
peoplo's needs; when overy person by
right of his or her claim to humanity
has an cquaifclaim to existence; when
people discoljor that, to leavo tho industry aiid'Auoiuerco of the nations in
tho hands of a.fo\v, to bo run for personal profit, is a folly vastly groatcr
than that ofi-Jfctting "Kaiser Bill" run
tho politicul machinery of lho world for
his own pGrjmnul ngrandizement, then,
and then onjy—will woman be free,
nnd then ftM* paliatives Mr. Woods-
worth advises them to demand, an their
right, will ^"superfluous, for children,
as well as women and men will not bo
dependent .upom anyone for their means
of existence' bpti owing to their claim
to being humun beings will bo well
housed, wolf fed, well clothed and developed fully/physically, mentally and
morally.      ,
Tho only quktion that is troubling
the masses itt present is this: "Arc the
masters of'-industry of our day, who
nre musters only becauso somo of our
remote ancestors, living in barbarism,
believed in the "might is right" theory and by their superior physical
strength seized onto the right to hold
of themselves and thoir friends vast
tracts uf this earth's wealth producing
resources, are they going to give back
to the people their rightful inheritance
{this old earth) peaceable, or will they
hold on to their ill-gotten right until
starvation drives tho people to claim
their inheritance fominly.
Everybody hopes thut 1 ho ruling
class, which is always the invisible gov.
eminent behind the legislators, will sno
the justico and legality of tho human
beings claim und square up their dealings with their follow men accordingly.
It requires only a backward glance at
history fo* them to seo this, if they
With kindest regards to Mr. Woods-
worth, and all,
Yours in the struggle for better eon-
di tions- of living,
Editor B..C. Federationist: The question before every union man or woman is, whether the Ono Big Union will
strengthen tho hands of labor or uot.
There is no other issue before us, so
it is tho duty of evory voter to study
this question seriously beforc he casts
his ballot. If tho ideas involved in tha
O. B. U. are in Hue with evolution they
will eventually bo adopted whether it
is defeated at the present time or not.
If the idea is not an improvement on
the presont form of trades unionism it
is doomed to failure. Judging from tho
frantic offorts of the capitalists,
through thcir press, to cloud the issue,
and opposo the idea of the O. B. V.
it must bo a good thing for the worker.
The writer is prepared to support tho
O. B. U. and herewith gives thc reason for doing so.
Every intelligent worker (as such)
knows 'that we aru facing tho greatest
industrial depression that hus ever
cursed this continent. Evory intelligent
worker also knows that during "hard
times" laborr-unions get all "shot to
pieces," mc'mtters out of work and unable to support their organizations,
and, they gob scattered far and near
chasing tha elusive job. Chaos, and
often riotsnaad disorder follow as a
natural result; If the O. B. U. will
help to kc-ap tho ranks of labor intact,
wo will have, -during the trying times
ahead of uftj ft! responsible body of organized labor," standing us a haven of
hope to the Hopeless, a buffer against
disorder, etc.-The enemies of labor
huve, during-* the lost twelvo months,
endeavored through their press to start
riots, disorder; and bloodshed in this
city, but owjin'jf to the strength and responsibility of <labor organizations and
tho knowledge and foresight of their
duty elected officials, thc efforts of the
enemy came .to naught. Had labor not
been wide awake and "on tho job"
the results" "would havo been different.
Labor has everything to lose and nothing to gain by chaos and disorder,
so every workor who understunds the
problems effecting him nnd his class
will waist in the strengthening of labor's hands by voting for the O. B. U.
An Open Letter to tke a W. V. A.
Comrades: Wo saluto you! You havo
a most important duty to perform, and
your various proceedings and discussions are, undoubtedly, regulated with
the highest wiBdom." If it wero not to,
you would not have told us. And had
you not told us wo should, Unfortunately, have.beon left in complete ignorance as to the high-soulcd purposes
which arc ever beforo you.
We read in "The B. C. Veternns
Weekly." under  dato   of   April   3rd,
1019, an essay of-remarkable erudition,
wtitied, "lie NW Age and the G.
W. V. A."
We, the B. C. ex-Soldiers and Sailors
Labor Club, of Vancouver, many of
whom have been up the line in Fland-
ors' Fields, are becoming a little disgusted with the constant roitoration of
the importance of the G. W. V. A., by
tho G. W. V. A. we do not claim to
speak for roturned soldiers as a body,
but we do claim to speak for such ex-
service men that recognize thnt Labor's
problems are our problems, since we,
ourselves, furthor recognize that wa
must work for wages in order to live.
Wo have not the time, nor really tht
inclination to follow you into all the
maze of arguments, or lack of arguments, presented in your "Now Age."
Wo imagine we have met most of them
before. Your-"NeW Age" is certainly
drcssod up in old garments. Wo do not
know all the men who "control" the
labor organizations or tnis provinco.
Wo know just a little, though, of organized labor, and that little tells us
that thc control of any labor body lies
in that body itself; that any representative of any organized body, in a
given locality, can easily be removed
by his constituents. Wo would liko to
say tho same of your august body, but
wc confess disappointment whon wo
realize the strangle hold tho officer
caste have upon the rank and file. That
taunt necessarily bo so in an organization whoro men, suffering from various
wnr disabilities, aro dependent,. to n
certain extent, upon that caste for their
Any organization of soldiers thut expects to obtain nnything like fair treatment froin thc government, most decidedly cunnot start out by being born
within tho government itself in the first
place, and, furthermore, is stultified in
any action it muy contemplate taking
iii lho real interests of the rank nnd
file, by receiving sustenance in the
form of donations from tho very institution it will have to oppose in order
to obtain such needed redress.
A few of us not only recognize that
wo belong to the organized labor movement, but some of us hnvo given considerable thought to tho present structure of human society. Wc inay havo
boen soldiers of the front lino typo
(muny of us so nre) but we did not
stop thinking merely beeause of that.
ia fact, it helped to accelerate our
thinking powers. And reaUy, comrades,
your conception of Marx and Marxian
Socialism is no different to the average
conservative politicians.
Can thc editor of your delightful littlo shoot refute tho general analysis of
capitalist production ns givon by Marxt
If so, he has missed his calling. Universities throughout tho world nro yet
anxiously awaiting thc advent of such
a one. You talk of Winch, as though
he had declared that a war existed between those who produco but do not
possess and thoso who possess but do
not produce. That war arises from out
of the very nature of modern society.
lt, exists, not beeause of Winch, but in
spite of him. When you twist the statement attributed to Pritchard that "ho
belonged to a school of thought which
wns prepared to readjust its methods
and to uso every available means to
attain its objects" by inferring'that
he preaches violence, then again, your
viewpoint is clouded by your very closo
alliance with employers institutions
and politicians.
Tho world today is going through a
rapid change in the machinery of production and the methods UBed in oporating it. It becomes rhe crowning point
of wisdom, in our humble opinion, in
any man being sufficiently unbiased to
meet changing conditions with changing ideas. You attempt to fasten upon
the men te whom you hnvo referred in
tho lubor movement the odium of
preaching violence. It is you, together
with tho gutter capitalist press of this
fair eity, who hnvo been guilty of such
conduct. Please supply us with tho
facts. And for onc point that you ean
prove that organized lubor, through its
elected mouthpieces, has preached violence, or incited to not, we will cull ten
from tho press of this city, aidod and
abb'ottcd by your own organ, and in
some eases by the pulpit.
We, who know where we belong; who
recognize thnt wo only can help ourselves; who do not look for aid from
muster clnss bodies, imagine that tho
vast mnjority of returned soldiers will
recognize that their first nnd most Immediate problem is the readjustment of
the job to the returned soldier. And in
this regard only labor will prove of
any assistance to us. Wc know our
friends because we know ourselves.
The overwhelming conceit manifested
in your closing paragraph ns to the
work of the G. W. V. A, boosting a
purty which shall not bc a party, but
simply an organized communal consciousness, is amusing. Your mixed
metaphor on "u brooding intelligence"
is the most logical point in the whole
article. Lot us hope that you do. not
hatch more than your understanding
of tho labor movement and modern industrial conditions will allow you to
digest. We see no harm in labor men
sending greetings to fhe only body in
Germany which demands the trial of
tho Kaiser, the Crown Prince, Hindy,
et. al. Lloyd Georgo does business with
Ebert, Sclioidciuinni, Eizborger and
othor German "kulturists."
Yours for the returned soldior und
the worker, as against tho exploiter
and the profiteer,
B. C. ex-Soldiers and Sailors Labor
Prov. Committee.
A Soldier's Grievance
fiditor B. C. Federatlonist: Tho writer, who is a returned soldier, and who
has beon ovorseus for tho paBt three
years, is disgusted with tho conditions
ho finds on his return to his homo district, namely, Haney, B. C.
The Japs seem to hnve acquired all
the best land, that is available in that
part, und are scattered ull around, tho
consequence being that white poople
find themselves with the yellow race for
neighbors. What is going to happen if
the government doesn't put a* stop to
these Orientuls coming into CanndnT
I don't think the returned soldiers
are getting a square deal.
F. H. A.
The O. W, V. A. ana Labor
Editor B. C, Federationist: Now, as a
returned soldier and also an Englishman, resident of Canada for tho past
fifteen years, I hnve followed the press
reports of the mootings of thc. Great
Wur Veterans Association. No doubt,
tho organization exists to try to do
good, but in my^ cstimutioii it is too
]* prejudiced und one-sided. Now, it is
very apparent that thore is a longing
for an understanding with organized
Labor. As thc returned soldier belonging to. thc great army of workers of
pre-war days, and now that thc fight in
Europe to make tho world safe for democracy is ended, he finds himself bock
again, and being an activo individual,
ho naturally wants to resume his. normal occupation. Well, what does ho
find?   He finds thc sume thing that ex-
TWEED TROUSERS, $3.90—In neat grey popper and salt mixture, and
also a small herringbone pattern. Three pockets and iratek pocket;
bolt loops at wnist.   Prieo -  ;—13.90
brown and grey; plain weaves and patterns. Fivo good, strong pockets;
belt loops nt waist.  Prices - ?a.75 and $8.00
DRESS TROUSERS—We have a number of excellent values in tine
worsted trousers. Neat stripe pa-terns and plain cloths, in all shades
of grey. Also .a few numbers in brown; correctly tailored, well
trimmed and with five pockets.   I-rlcos  16.60 to $8.50
NAVT SERGE TROUSERS—A fine all-wool serge in a dark shade of
navy. This is a hard-finishod -serge, mado with fivo pockets and belt
loops at waist.  Cuffed bottoms if desired.  Prices -...$9.00 and $9.75
GREY STRIPED COTTONADE—A meat appearing and hard woaring
pant; eomes in a neat grey stripe pattern; fivo good stroag pockets;
cuffed bottoms.   Price  » - -..$3.00
GREY MOLESKIN PANTS—A smart appearing and durable pant; made
with five pockets, belt loops and cuffed bottoms; an oxtra good value.
Prico  „  $3.00
CORDUROY PANTS—A full assortment of those durable pants in fawn,
brown and dark green shades; full hip and seats; belt loops, fivo
pockets nnil cuffed bottoms.   Prices  $6.60 and $6.90
DENIM PANTS—Mado in both blaek and blue denim; doublo stitched
senilis, reinforced scats and five poekots. Tho best and cheapest pant
for any rough work.   Prioes - »....„_.„..... $2.26 and $2.60
David Spencer, Limited
istcd beforo he went away, and whnt is
that!      Well, that is, thore aro not
onough positions or jobB to go round,
and he begins to wonder what's the
matter that there is auch a surplus of
labor looking for the elusive job.. So
ho is brought to wonder if ho is any
better off than what ho waa before he
went away, and he comes to the conclusion that he ia not.   So ho starts to
think along lines that to him appears
revolutionary,  and at tho samo timo
looks quite normal.   He asks himself,
what is the matter with a state of society that saw him off to war amidst
cheering and flng-waving, and after he
has como back, in many cascB crippled
and wounded, and unable to follow his
formor employment, he begins to find
himself one of the many returned soldiers without a job.   Ho reads tho papers, and he nutices that the press is
carrying   on   a   relentless   campaign
against a new word that had made, its
appearance in the every day use of the
English  language.    He  examines  the
same, and sifts the pros and eons for
himself, and he forms some kind of an
opinion of this sort, that Bolshevism
stands for mnjority rule ,and ho says to^
himself that's something new, I nover
knew  before,  and nfter a while he
comes to -the realization that that's' not
too bud a rule.   It cannot be any worso
than the rulo of tho privileged classes
as wc hnvo it today, throughout the
English-speaking world.   So ho frowns
on  the manufactured reports of  the
daily press,  and ho says to himself:
"Camouflage.    They are afraid to tell
the truth about tho Bolsheviki government, as they know when tho truth prevails as it will prevail, in thc long ruu,
thut thcir gamo of bluff is over."  Now
we sec in the papers an account of tho
nieeting of tho Trades and Labor convention at Calgary, und thc representatives sending greetings to the Sparta-
can and thc Soviet government.   Well;
that may have been an unwise move on
their part, hut I believe thnt they were
dominated by the best of taotives. Now,
I know that the epithet will bo thrown
nt once of disloyalty.   I fail to see it,
because if we are to tako notice for
our guidance of tho press, when tho war
was at its height that uny utterances of
tho late Karl Licbkncht wero ussailing
the wnr.    Ho was at once lauded by
tho press a^s being the most fearless opponent of German militarism and vory
flattering editorials were written about
him, all rebounding to his credit at that
time, but after the revolution in Germnny he was accused by tho same prpss
of being a most dangerous fanatic, and
when he was killed for hnving the samo
opinions as he had in pro-war. days and
wur days, he was sent to his grave by
vile epithets from the same pross. Now,
it strikes mo for the press lo net in that
inconsistent manner that thero must be
n nigger in th woodpile somewhere.   Ho
tries to get an unprejudiced account but
somehow ho cannot.   He asks himself
what is the matter!  He reuds tho capitalist press reports, also the Socialistic
pross, and botwoon tho two he Is In a
kind of a qunndry, but ho believes that
the Socialistic press is the most open
and unbiused.   Now, to my mind, tho
Great Wur Veterans will not get anywhere while there arc a few spokesmen
of the variety of Home of tho members
whose names decorates thc press as voicing the opinions of thc majority of tho
G. W. V. A.   I do not believe that they
do.   I think thnt the sooner that thero
is a meeting with the Trudes and Labor
Council, tho better it will be, as it is no
good of tuking the stund of sitting on
tho fence and talking about deportations of Kavanagh and  Pritchard,   ns
the word foreigner or alien cannot be
applied to either of them.   As I understand thnt Kavanagh is British born,
nnd nlso served in  the British army
with the famous Rifle Brigade, and he
also served through thc South African
campaign, whero I believe ho embraced
the Socialistic philosophy, nnd ns for
Pritchard, I believe he liails from Lancashire, Manchester, a city that has pro
duced many great and fearless, exponents of freedom.   Yours,
Let TJs Get Together
Editor B. C. Federationist: Having
boen for u number of years in th'e tropics with the British army, I am naturally a littlo deiiHc. I blnnic that to two
Cttusos, sun nud beer. You sec, I used
to stay in the canteen so long drinking
ice cold water that I sometimes fnrgot
my helmet.
The sun wus nlwnys shining, so that
is why I am a little dense. There nre
many things that I cannot understand.
One in particular I will mention, nnd
that is, why nro- the lenders of thc soldiers organizations trying to start a
fight with the Lnbor unions) I sny
leaders, not the rank aud file. I will
tell you why. At the present tinw
there ure many returned men inembers
of tho same union as myself.
I am woll acquainted with dozens.
There are four working with me every
day. I sometimes ask them, what they
want to fight the unions for? Thoy turn
to mc and say, "We fight tho unions?
Nothing doing. Going to Prance never
made mc u capitalist. I am a working
mnn now, just the same ns when 1 went
away.-" Then I sny to them, but some
of the ex-soldiers are doing it. Sure,
they say, just namo some of tho loaders, but thoy will not bo lenders forever. Good, I say. All soldiers look
good to roe. I first put on the uniform
when I was fifteen years old. Now
when the boss is not around, we some
times chow tho Tag.   It goes sometim
like this: We workers do all the worki
Suro.   We did ninety per cent, of th|
fighting.    Everything worth anything
was made by the working man.   Sur-afl
Now in 1914 somebody said the Gei-|
mans will got it if we don't stdp thei
Sure.   Wo went over to Prance and i
stopped them.   Sure.
We mado it.   W« stopped the Gen
mans getting it ,and now wc haven f
got it.   Woll, I'll ba damned.   Loofl
out, the bosa is coming.   A little whi
after, the boss being away, the gai
gets busy again.  Somebody says, I mm
in tke evening paper that there wai
niorc food and other things itt the war-1
houses and storage today than ov-sl
there was before.   But what gets vM
is why there are so many hungry anr
broke.   This is how it waa answered
"The capitalists own the warehoused
Tkey own all that is in them.   Thefl
own tho land and machinery that gre^T
and made it.  They can't aell what thefl
have got, and so wont let us make anj
more." I
, What is the answer!  Why, no worlfl
no monoy; can't buy anything.   Everfl
body thinking, and thoy know there V
something wrong.   We all start wor|
again.   Wishing our lives away pra^
ing for quitting time, and wondering i
we shall get laid off.   None of us hav'
got enough money to buy food for mor-j
than a week.    If we are laid off w|
must find a master before that week j
up, or wo go hungry.
That is tho Bystem we fought fori
Tako it from me, comrades, thero is no]
fight between the Labor unions and f
soldiers.   Ninety per cent, of tlie :
diers are working men.   Ono hundn
per cent, of tho Labor unions arc 1
ing mon.    Let us get together,
havo everything to gain and nothing 1
lose.   Look out, comrades, there is
nigger in the woodpile.   Let us huni
him ont, and find out why lie wants t
keep us apart.   Let us alf get together]
and talk things over.   I know a unioi
man, with threo sons in the army.
al»o know a soldior who's father, broth
er and brother-in-law are union men]
There are thousands of cases thc i
Let us hunt out that nigger and fin,
Out kis name.
undersigned, tod endoned "Ti-niU*r»il
Neurological Ward, Military Ho»i*Ua], VJ
couver (ShaughnBBsy)," will be received \
til 18 o'clock noon, Wednesday April L
1919, for the construction of a Ncurologif
Ward, Military Hospital, Vancou!
(Hhiniirhnen(jr), B, O,
Plans and specification! can be Been i
forms   of  tender  obtained  at   the  off
the   Chief Architect,   Department  of  _ .
Worka, Ottawa; the Superintendent of .
tary Hospitute, Harper Building, Vancoi
B. C,  and of the Resident Architect,
toria, B. 0.
Tendera will not be considered —
made ou the forms supplied by the
part-meat and in accordance with the
ditions set forth therein. -
Each tender must be accompanied by I
ai-cepted cheque on a chartered bank v**ym
to the order of the Minister of Public Wol
eqnal to 10 'p.c. of the amount of the ten J
War Loan Bonds of the Dominion will i
bo Accepted as security, or war bunds t
cheques if required to make up an
By order,
Department of Public Works,
Ottawa, April 2,  1919.
ZOtnada Pood Board;
:   License 8—1856
is a comnu-nduhlo habit. You i
money on every article purchased 1
"Cash and Curry"—that does it.
My Bulk Tea at 60c pound will |
you moro cups of better tea than ,
other.   Buy 10 lbs.
Locar-New Luid Eggsj every egg g]
anteed to be direct from the C(
producors.    Per dozen   O*
"Windsor Salt, reg. 10c
sack  ,	
Rogers' 5-lb. tins Uoldon £/
Syrup   %}\
live Hoses Flour, small A I
sack     ^*
Standard Fine or Course Ont-   *fi
meal; 10-lb. Buck  / *
B & K Boiled Outs, 7-lb. \*i
suck   w"
Yellow Cornmcnl, 5-lb. At
sack fl*
Old Dutch Clennsor,           OJ
B for  M
Lux, per 1 f
packngc   *"
4-lb. Bar Sonp *_} t
for  >. M
Toilet Soap, 9 cakes rt(
for &%
Toilet Paper, f%\
4 for *_\%
S. T. Wallace]
-A-pan, im
eleventh teak.,  in. u    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    TAirooorn, % e.
Men's Easter
A wonderful showing
of beautiful Easter
neckwear in Swiss and
American Silks, Irish
Poplins, English Foulards and Silk Knitted
Ties ih plain and fancy
colored designs. All
the very latest and
most up-to-date pat*
terns for Spring wear.
Prices, each, 76c, $1.00, $1J0, $3.00, $2.60 wd $3.50
' The best Canadian makes, including Tooke, W. 0. & R,
LANG, FORSYTH, etc., in dependable fabrics with neat
assorted, colored stripes, or fancy designs with soft
French double cuffs, assorted sleeve lengths and starched
neckbands.   Sizes 14 to 17*4.   Priee, eaoh.-. $2.00
MEN'S FELT HATS AT $4.00 TO $8.50
! Easter styles in Stetson's, Borsalinos, King and Brock
makes—soft felts in all tko newest models for Spring
wear—in greens, brown, slates, light or dark greys and
blacks. AH sizes. Prie-n-HOO, $6.00, $6.00, $7.60 and $8.60
Granville and Georgia Streeta
wnr iBisraoira raniis sbooxb
bi arm slowlt om
siatx ai a tdb
WItMa M)t of tick op.ir.Wr in M
of wll halts aattai "jeots." Ani|k
Hum tha ssaatttftu art maia via Stat*
bit eotta. tht tips tt which ut laiarui
Hi tht "jacks" tcmtpca*l!ii( tt nnmbeit
Hut a toanaetlea It being ms-lt with
lD-l-S. Tkt tpiltltr »i«it wttk witk
nn ud pniMH. Mott bnortsat tl
all U that tkt tbaU iilHiliid ttmtUr
tkt oon-Mtctitn dtttft-l. Ntmbert rattltd
tf hurriedly ttt t*tt tatonrtttlf glvta.
it win M» muir n yea MS sin
ttt noHbtr lit  thlt wtjrt  Oaa-twe-twc
tates, tpttUts e__*r ttt* -iicumtur.
346 Hastings West
Doner Homer
,  Tou ean depend on the
A. FISH, Prop,
to furnish yoa Pur* Milk.
Housewives should insist on
all delivery men showing
their union cards.
For the
Working Man
WS have been successful in securing a Oreat
Big Job ef Union Overalls at Vary Low
In thia big bnneh yea wnl find the well-known
Oreat West, Carhartt and Twin Bute—all Union
Prices exceedingly low—ler $1.75, $100 aad
$2.46 yon wiU get tha same Overall that other
stores sett for $2.26, $2M and $3.00.
Call and prove for yourself that this ia true.
We also have a line of $6.00 and $(.50 Pants
at $195; Work Shirts, 80* and $1.60. The
latter ones an regular $2.00 and *2J_5 garments.
Bargain Department at Bear of Store
The Jonah-Prat Co.
Union   Store   for   Men
Fisms rum Law
Topeka, Euuu-The state legislature ku approved a law by which tke
state amy purchase lands, develop them
by constraetioa of irrigation projects
uid otherwise aad toll tkcm aider long-
term contracts to actual ownen.
The Only Method of Meeting the Unemployed
Tho Central Executive hat issued tho
following oa the six-hoar day aa a
The war ia Europo hu apparently
onded—let it rett in peace. But tho
war't problem* atand out moro glaringly than over beforo. Four and a half
yearn of destruction bf human life, of
Labor'a producti, munitions, a clothes,
food, etc., on a moat gigantic scale.
Four and a half years wu; millions of
workers engaged in destroying on tho
field of battle; millions engaged ia producing purely meana of destruction,
munitions, guns and war equipment
generally; while comparatively fow
woro actuaUy engaged in useful toil, in
work which meant food, clothing and
shelter for human kind. Tet theso latter who produced the things actually
necessary to life—what did thoy dot
What did they not dot
1. They produced in some eases a
higher standard of living for themselves.
2. Thoy produced all the food, clothing and shelter necessary to maintain
in a most efficient working order tho
vast army of munition workers.
3. They produced all tho food, cloth,
ing, etc., necessary for the upkeep of
tho boys in the trenches, etc., boys who,
in eontradistinotloa to their former
mode of living, wero fed regularly aud
clothed properly.
4. In addition to the foregoing, they
maintained in luxury and idleness a
vast parasite class. Politicians, pulpiteers and publicists, retainors of the
present master claas, grow up during
tho ww period in rich profusion . They
were all fed, clothed and sheltered
through the efforts of those useful
worken already mentioned.
Again, those useful workers were so
productivo that from thoir efforts arose
a aew group of millionaires—the war
profiteers—tho Flavelles, DuPonts, ete.,
Aud having thua demonstrated beyond cavil the ability of a small section of the workors to maintain human
society in decent food, decent clothes
aad adequate shelter, what do we find
at the present day with the din of battle hardly subsidedf
A falling market! Growing unemployment! Men and women boing
thrown out of work in wholesale fashion—ton millions unemployed, according to the press, already in the United
States of America.
Not only so, but the vut army of
war-workers, tho wu market having
suddenly disappeared, are trying to And
a place in the industries of peace. Thia
aggravates the already existing menace
of unemployment in those industries.
Whar aro you going to do about itt
Aad whilo the army of unemployed
grows by leaps and bounds, mon returning from overseu by thousands,
look in vain for the promises made to
them before thoy weat, being kept.
They must be re-fitted into the industrial life whence they were takea. This
is their immediate need. It ia our immediate problem.
The market is entering upon a slump,
ordors are falling off and industries aro
closing down. Shall theso returning
boys, who wore workers boforo they
went overseas, along with many of u
who worked day aftor day producing
muaitions and other war material, ba
damped oa tho iaduatrial strap heap!
We say ao. Wt an suro thoy will say
Aa a meuure of reliof during thia
era-Hal period, wo urge tho introdne-
tion, u soon u possible, of a six-hoar
working day, aad a five-day week.
This question of acute unemployment
ta demanding great attention ia Britain, and thoro wo observe a great agitation ia favor ol tha temporary remedy httsia propoaed.
If it (ts poodaee so pndigiously
fer palpates of destruction, oaa we aat
arrange oae working day so u ta provido work for tha greatest possiblo
a—Iter. Aad until wo know enough to
ba ablo to arrange industrial afain so
ea to produce tbo greatest good for tba
greateat number, wbat alternative ie
then whioh will temporarily solve tha
■Maniac asoblom af _______t   if
Ramsay McDonAM, Tells of
Methods   of   British
Intelligence Branch
[By S. Ramsey MacDo-ia^l, in Forward
Berne, as I have wrirtes'already, wu
glistening under the surTv$tt-snow and
frost, and the great maintain landa
beyond lifted up one'a bout until one
began to crave for tho staff, tbe knapsack and the road, and thp start of a
good pilgrimage. Paris was under slush.
' Its streets were brokonjind squashed-
out mud, like an old boo?on a beggar's
foot. Its sky wu groy and the rain
drizzled wretchedly; it depressed the
heart, until one wu content to stare
at a blank wall and find supreme comfort in front of a hot water pipe.
Wretched Pirates of Wu
The distinction is not superficial. It
indicates the spirit of the two cities.
Perhaps there art two Borneo, but I
think of only one with which wo are
concerned—the Berne of the white
snow and the alluring mountains. We
did have some glimpses of tho other—
mon with the brute and the blackguard
stamped upon them, women arrayed
like Solomon and gracious u Delilah,
the friends and mistresses of fallen
monarchs, the wrecked pirates of tha
war, belonging to overy nation aad
speaking every tongue. They were a
study of absorbing interest
The little agent-provocateur, who, ia
tho interests of a virtuous British government, made evil suggestions to mo
ia fulfilment of hor duty whilst ia tke
pay of our Intelligence department ia
one or othor of its sections, bad left
Berne only a week before wo arrived.
Whilst thoro she wu in the pay of tho
French government, but I saw a notorious friend of hon whom she need u a
bait for me. Tho other wu still at
Bono, beginning to look thia and shaggy, and powder and paiat wore having
increasing difficulties to hide the ravages of age aad lifo. I never saw her
without a groat pity filling my heart
Labor Leaden Spied Upon
One would think that governments
with any sense of honor would end aH
this aa soon u possible, but it is not
so. The poor overburdened British taxpayer had to find the expenses of secret
agents to go to Berne and spy upon
us, sneak into private conferences,
eavesdrop at hotels, report with whom
we spoko, to that Mr. Buil Thompson,
of the Secret Servioe may know of all
oar incomings aad outgoings, our whispers, and our speeches. Tho representatives of. British labor wero spied upon
at Berne u though they were criminals
on ticket of leave.      ti
Ono day some documents that had
beea picked up on tho* street were
brought to us, u they {Concerned tha
eonferonee. Thoy turned«out to be lot-'
tors of a secret agent*) ie Britiah pay
reporting oa tba conference to Mr.
Buil Thompson aad Ua* oaicers, aad
asking for more money to enablo him
to go on witk hit work, We read them
and took thom to the British Legation,
where thoy were left witb our compliments very emphatically exprceood.
jj* -
Now Tans Labor Laws
Autin, Texas—The stku legislature
ku passed a law creating a eommissioa
to set minimum wagei. far women. A
woman's division of tha stato department of labor with three Inspectors hu
been established. Other legislation includes authorization by eitios to create
a pension fund for aged and injured
ire lighten; a plumbers' license law
and a law protesting carpoatort oa UK
Secure Bight Bona
Peoria, 111.—A strike of oentract shop)
boiler maken resulted ia tke eight-hour
day aad an agroemeat witk employers
to submit wage demands to arbitration.
Tba worken uc ukiag that ratea be
advaaeed from M eents ta W cents an
hoar for journeymen aad from 50 to 0*
oents for assistants.
bat a few workors comparatively could
maintain w all during war* times, can-
aot the whole working claas maintain
u all, to a better degrees',* during Unas
of neacef
Convention Reaffirmed Adherence to Original
Bad thero been any intention to interfere witb thc original statement at
the recont convention, tbe correspondence from sevoral provincial pointe
would bave givon pause ta it The
overwhelming balance, howovor, bold
tke conviction that the organization
wu correctly baaed, and tba only
action taken ia thia regard wu to
adopt what had been prepared u a
preamble to a longor statement, whicb
with certain amendments wu regarded
u merely an elaboration of the principles involved in the aim of the party.
The original platform statea that:
"The Federated Lubor Party is organised for the purpose of securing industrial legislation and the collective
ownorship and democratic oporation of
'the means of wealth production."
The adopted statemont leaves little
doubt as to what wu in the minds of
thoso who prepared the above platform
and again expressed thoir adherence to
it.   The statement reads:
"Tho ultimate object of the Feder
ated Labor Party ia the oomplete overthrow of the preaent system of proporty and wealth production, which is
based upon tha exploitation of labor
under the hand af a ruling claas. Ia
thia wa realize aad emphatically tt-
sort oar solidarity with the revolutionary working class of tbe entire world.
"As sueh revolution cannot ba accomplished except by the working clasa
becoming muter of tho state, the supreme instrument whereby tko ruling
clau subjects tba workers to slnvery
aad exploitation, wo pledge ourselves
ta tbe work of education and organization to the end tbat control of tba
State amy ba obtained, if possible, by
tha exereiu of constitutional means.
"While realising the inadequacy of
tbe present form ef government to
conserve in any manner tke interests of
tke working class, wo shall seek to
make whatever two of it we taa for
the purpose of extending tke power of
the worken ia their struggle for omaa-
sipation from claas rule.
"Witk tbo world situatioa se pregnant with revolutionary possihilitiei,
witb change following change witk
suck rapidity, wo deem it inadvisable
te attempt to formulate aay detailed
programme of action beyond the con-
qaect of tbo public powtrt by and for
tbe working clasa.
"With that control in the bands of a
revolutionary working olass all obstacles In the pathway of human freodom
aad progreu may be swept aside."
Btmi*whtn In tkt wild aat waoilj rtfloat
et HtrriiM Hot Serines, Set. B. Howard
btrrieedad MiaseW Is s can int iwon Sr
lb that was "HqiU" Uul kt wotld tot
set tisln tbls mm.., tut Ckarltt I. Itral
stouraC tke ■srrltti tl tkt X. W. H. 1*, a
law cotapiQitt ot rotnrned vtltrsu, tad tbt
Iwtl Itret, tad stor Uj-lns aiott te tbt
isadeivoui, eoaipflUed tbt wHj- Ooo B tt
dtvorco tht "Can Man Stag" and .lar
"Mover Saj* Mt." Se noxt weak too win
ttt Mr. Howtrd la tkt hnoai Mat Ooodwia
part and u "Htnt Sa-r Dio" dooat't make
rot lock, torrtn sad rlflU all at tko tamt
tana, tkea rot waat It itt I doetor, (tr
■esutMar i. wna( witb roar laarblaf an-
>«ttt. Soorso Is s malar "Bearael" It
$__.•.•.*•  •* aellna.   tad  nt   nutter   bow
Mt;    yoa tool ntw, tr bow aaaatd oa tkt
"**!* ***.-—I. **'•  **" —-t Urn noxt
wtak jrta'B "Kavar Sar Dh.'~ •••
Science and Htnen
Washington—The geophone, invented
during tbe war ta determine the exut
location of sounds above aad baneath
tke sarfaw cf tbe oarth, soon will bo
used extensively la mining operations
In this country, roports the United
States bureaa of minos. The instrument proved of great value to the Allies ia determining tbe location of hostile latteries aad ia detecting the approach of tbe enemy. The digging of
trenties er tunnels hi the tart* alao
coord be located with great accuracy.
Almost oqaally valuable uses will ha
found lor lbs geophone in mining operations, either for sounding purposes or
ia determining tba location of men
Mocked from escape by cavoiu or ox-
plosions. Many lives are lost each year
>a mines through inability of searching
paatiu ta taenia men Un- beef p*
Spring Opening
Paint Sale
A fortunate purchase of an up-country stock, and
all the odd lines of Varnishes from two warehouses
of a leading Varnish factory, will make this PAINT
SALE the event of the season.
Hunter-Henderson Paint Ca
Bepiy to B. H. Cooks
Editor B. C. Federatloniot: 'TIS a
pity The Federatlonist is not a daily,
for then could ebullient onthusiuts *
write daily epistles to your sanctum
about things upon whieh thoy feel tt
much and know so little. For I notice
tbat one of your prolific correspondents
cannot say enough in your columns, but
his unbounded knowledge of men, movements and events bubbles over and
spills itself copiously in such a violently anti-working clue paper u tbo
I might have replied immediately ta
a Bcroed by my friend, S. H. Cooke,
seeking the same medium of publicity,
but I prefer to address myself, at all
times, to members of my class, from
tbeir platforms aad through their preu,
or not at all.
To attempt to reply to tbe remarkably innocuous drivel found in Cooke's
letter* to the World of April 4th, under
heading of "The Ons Big Union," respecting tbe partiw interviewed, aot ta
omit something about a personal admia-
sion of Trotsky's, from aa individual
wko went "over tbere" sa lata u bat
fall, aad wu governed by army discipline all tba time, ia sublime.   D-ms
Cooke wish to tell u that be went u a
private in tba C. B. r. lata laat year,
and is now back ia Vaneoaver, after
having gathered all his valuable aad
authentic information!  If his information about Europe is u authentic u
his information about B. C, it would.ba
ns woll to givo it tbe "once ovor." Ha
says: "At tho B. C. Federation of Labor convention of 1917, the motion carried that tho B. C. Federated Labor
Party should be formed, etc."   Is this
sot   After tbe adjournment of (bo ISIS
convention, the delegates to that convention  met and launched tho B.  C.
Federated Labor Puty, it being then
distinctly understood that no connection  existed between  the  Federation
and the Labor Party.    Of, course,, it
wns the same delegatee, all right—but
what a votef
A casual glance down tha nanus of
thou voting shows that those who understood vory muoh of working clau
affairs voted against the formation of
that party, while Liberal and Conservative heelers could be found voting for
it. Is this tbo political action that must
go step by step alongside of Industrial
action? Pritchard haB never stated aay
othor than that the master clnse rule by
the powor of the state. Bat what is
that stntet According to the popular
conception, and this ia a view held by
my friend, Cooke, it is the result of tbo
deliberations of tba "representatives"
sent to a parliamentary debating club.
This is erroneous, nnd the experience of
the lut four years ought to ba enough
to show us different Parliament ia becoming more and moro removed from
the life "politic." The muter rulos
by "order-in-council," and working
class "politics" doos not necessarily
always conform to the "parliamentary" form, or oven tho obsolete "political" forms which our masters insist
upon retaining. A little more study,
and leu rushing iuglorioiuly Into print
might mako of Cooke a valuable member of the Labor movement. As for
Pritchard's personal ambition, I am not
worrying much. I recognize that oven
if a man wanted to "toko" in the
Labor movoment tbat the knowledge
and temper of the rank and file ia becoming an impassable barrier against
suck antics. That feeble slur can be
passed over recognizing whence it
came. Pritchard hu no "short cut."'
Becauso a now form of organization hi
demanded by tho rank and file, at the
most representative conference ever,
seen in Western Canada, it does not
do away with ths fact that class knowlcdgo must still bo disseminated; but
tho new form of orgnnization permits
more readily of such propaganda. And
"short cut" is no now phrase. It wu
nood by a much-lauded "Socialist,"
whose astute conception of economies
have led him into an economic enl-de-
tee. I heard Old Man Kingsloy, myself, use tbat phrau when in substance
ho proved (f) that the workers hnd to
organize just like "onion" sellers ia
order to get the best posaibh market
conditions; yet, thoy hud dene nothing
through their organizations since the
first trade union had been formed, because, forsooth, thay could do nothing.
So, therefore, we had to organizo to da
something, but hod done nothing, bo-
cnuu wo could do nothing. Shades of
Dietzgen! Uinlestics wilh a vongeaneo.
So tho phrase "short cut," methinks,
prooeoded out of tho mouth of Kingsloy, and thea along tho facile pen of
my friend and brother Cooke. For the
rest of Cooke's letter let it rut in
poace. If ho, u a wago workor, rocog-
ni-ws tkat be mnst soil himself for
wages ia'order te livo, then he must
kll^__Si*'' *— '"fr * " ™iih T
ma_¥!*i?* suoceu.ia conjunction witb
bisfillq|rs: Aad if ho can then bring
forward.aay logical argument in view
of the present development of industry
agniaat aadunlsial organization tt oppo.
sad to tba suit farm; I shall be pleucd
te swrifce my "personal ambitioa"at
a moment's notice and ueommodate
bim with tbe material far aa argument
at any place be cans to select
Tours for tba working elass progrcsa
Ml Peador Street Eaat,
Vancouver, B. ft,
.  April 9th, IMS. '
Urine Costs doing Vp
Wuhington—Ia a statemont just tanned on living casta during November,
lut you, the United Statu bureaa. cf
labor statistics uys that during tbat
period food prices advaaeed 1 per ccat.
u compared witb October, hat year,
aad 18 per oeat u compared witb November, 1W7. Ia tba 1-re-year period,
from November, Mis, to Novomber,
MIS, all articles of food combined la-
creased 78 per cent. Every article ia*
areased 90 per cent or more. These aix
articles increased 100 par unt or store:
Pork chops and sugar, lot aer aent;
aar, 103 per eaat; Mtn meal, 110 per
cent- bacon, 114 par eent, aad had,
lis par teat.
Patronise B. O. IMerattoakt adver-
Uaen and tall tbam why yea do ao.
•HELtO 1
Ulnlatun   Ceils
/ ia a se-iuue af
Hia   Beat   Comedy
Pretty Girls
Clever Comedians
•Me, Ms
 Mc, Me, Its
Vaudeville oa al i, 7 sad I
wbek or Ann, 14TH
Featuriag OBO. B. BOW ABD
Piteu:   18c, SSe fid Me
* lait Wssk
Othtr ll| I-tattm
7<~,.'   HOK>.(|\ si PAGE TWELVE
eleventh TEAR.   No. i8   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vancouveb, b. a
Co. yrigbt 191Mbit SchaHner El -Ian
The pass-word this Spring is Dress up!— jj
We've had our "Save-up," "Clean-up" and jl
"Paint-up" campaigns—but this year we're jj
going to shake up our wardrobe and Dress jj
.Up! |
153 Hastings Street West
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Loggers to Have 5000
Members by May 15
(Contained treat page 1) .
want* U splendid pro-
bean tbe headway
to say that a real
laat round up of those
sat Joined, would givo
by Kay 15th, which
tbe data sot fer the close of the
O.B.U. Mfereadum. Came on, nil together. 80M by May loth. It's up
to you. ,
Advance Women's Lav
Boston—Thc stute senate has ord _**c*V
lo n third__rSJ"Ul>gf ttle-lii'l' providing
tlia£-Women and minors shall work no
more than 48 hours a week in manufacturing or mercantile establishments or
more than nine hours' a any day, except
that in certain seasonable occupations,
the hours of labor in a week may
amount to 52 hours, provided that the
total number of hours of work .jn u
year shall not average moro than 48
hours a week.
Patronizo  Fodoratlonlst  advertisers.
If Yoh Believe in Quality You Must Surely Buy
Paris Brand Shoes
these beets are bulH in our -factory and arc made from selected stock--*
chtome or oil tan uppers, No. 1 quality soles, all leather heels and counters, ned Miy guaranteed.   Begular »10.60. $7 *-_0
Special   •• -—,■■■■■■;■■..-  *91 tOV
Tbis is iadud exceptional .value, and the quality ia tho best. They come
tin black or tan, solid leather soles, sewn and reinforced witb screws; all
'feather beels aad counters. • Actual $8.50 values. tX  QB
Ath exceptionally large range to choose from,' in black or tan leather or
Neobm soles, flo'wtyeur welted, leather counters and built on d»/» QB
(sod-lasts.   Beg. *8*00 nnd.»0.M.   Special' •i|,Ue*7e_f
Biter *» Yenr Itaatin and Oet Seal SaAisfaction
Pierre Paris
Oue Door-Weit of Columbia Theatre
Seymour 4716
A fine line of
Men's Spring Suits
—offered on Pay-as-you-Wear terms—8
■small cash deposit and balance in small
weekly instalments.
Oar *!»» makes it easy for you to get that new suit by Easier—to
bold ywir own with tho bost ef them—and not fool tbe pinch as you
■•old if you paid for it all at one*.
the suits nre aa good a steple line as you'll find in tbs city—tbey
aame in ail tbo now models—made up in cheviots, tweeds, etc.—material
tbat will »i«o good service—a perfcet fit—suits that arc built right—
finished perfectly.
Our credit dcaliaci witb cor cnstomeis an oosl-
dantlal—We believe la tbe beaeety af tbt ordlnaiy
man—We tnat yea witbeat binding yoa la a maaa      ,* *
of red tape.
ftrti—im our stack—let as explain cnr Payas^oaWtar nietbeda.
M  S0HHM-M  tn«T   WWW (Kew Homer)
Returned Men Take Money
Collecting for Loggers'
Organizing Meeting Broken
Up and McKenzie
Ordered Out
The following account of the treatment of Organiser McKenzle, of the
Loggers' Union, Is enlightening, in
view of the fact that four years of
warfare has just concluded for tbe
safeguarding of democracy. The Loggers' Union has already accomplished
much ln the logging camps, and McKenzie is a lumberjack of long stand-
ins, and ia well capable of representing tbe loggers and other timber
workerB of the province.
Arriving ln Cranbrook on Friday,
March the -Stli. A. McKenzie, organizer for the B. C. Loggers' Union, took
a look over things to seo how chances
were of organizing the loggers who
happened to bc in town.
After having a talk with a few of
tho boys around the hotels lt was decided to try and procure a hall and
hold an organization meeting so that
all those who wished to join would
have a chance to know all about the
Meeting Held
On Saturday afternoon, the 2!HIi, a
hall iu the Imperial Hotol was procured for this purpose, and the meeting called for 8 o'clock p.m.
Previous to the commencement of
the meeting, McKenzle was visited by
the police, and warned that no seditious language would be permitted, as
they in Cranbrook would not allow
such proceedings 'as had taken place
ln Calgary at the Western Labor Conference to take place here.
McKenzie replied that there would
be no seditious language as it was a
union meeting. However, tho police
told him that they would be there to
In clue time the meeting convened,
and McKenzie, being his own chairman (falling to get one of the audience
to occupy the chair), commenced his
address to the loggers on unionism.
Representatives of the local G.W.
V.A. and other loeal citizons wore
there also to listen to the' speaker.
After the speaker had finished his
address, he called for a show of hands
by those in favor of the union, ami
the loggers heartily responded. When
he called for those against, not a hand
went up. ..-■■*•* *" "
Then he copiK.ncca' to "sign up tlio
boys.. ...Bering this time two meu in
-uniform approached the table where
the signing up process was going on,
each one hearing a Union Jack in his
hand, and placing one on each side of
the table. The orgnnizer, ot course,
kept signing up the boys. After 18
had been signed up a member of the
G.W.V.A. (presumably) interrupted
the proceedings, saying lie wished to
nsk a queatlon. McKenzle wanted him
to wait until all thc boys had been
signed up. This he refused to do, and
there was nothing for It but to accede
to the request, and this was done.
Questions Asked ,
He asked If the speaker was a delegate to the Western Labor Conference
at Cnlgary? The speaker replied that
lie was. He then askod if it wa3 not
true tliat at that conferenco resolutions were passed endorsing tho Soviet
Government of Russia, and tho Spartan
movement in Germnny. The speaker
replied that it was. He then asked if
tho speaker endorsed these resolutions Himself, and tho speaker replied
that he did.
Then the questioner told the spenker
that they could not call his speech
seditious as they had paid particular
attention to lt, but, as he had been a
delegate to the, Labor Conference at
Selected with special
regard to baby 'u
needs and with an
eye lo economy without the sacrificing of
quality. Ask to be
shown the $20.00
special, which in-
2 Rubens' Vests.
2 Lisle and Wool
2 Flannelette Nightgowns.
1 Flannelette Wrapper.
1 Flannelette Jacket.
2 Flannelette Bar-
-  ]»«•*. Ooats.
2 Muslin Petticoats.
2 Daytime Dresses.
1 pa:r Bootees.
1 dozon Diapers.
1 Crib Blanket.
Baby Shop
Entrance Granville
»nd Dunsmuir Sts.
876 Granville St.
Phono Sey. 3540
mands, one of the gentlemen curtly
Informed him (taking out his watch at
the same time) that tbey would give
him two minutes to comply, and if bo
did not at the end of that time, thoy
wonld compel him.
McKenzle Informed them that as
Ills receipt book contained receipts
from other parts besides Cranbrook,
he could not very well give them the
book, but he would tear out the Cranbrook receipts if tbey would assure
bim that the boys would get their
money'back and the receipts forwarded to the Loggers' Union, 61 Cordova
Street West, Vancouver, B. C, at the
same time protesting that he would
like the privilege of paying the men
The former request they grantod;
the latter they would not listen to, but
promising that they would pay the
boys back through tlie secretary of the
They claimed,' of course, that the
loggers had been ill-advised in joining
the union, as justifying their action.
There was nothing for McKenzie to
do but to comply with these demunds,
no matter how reluctuantly, pr suffer
the consequences, which the reader Is
left to figure out for herself or himself.
On McKenzle asking of those assembled in his room if they represented the elite of Cranbrook, he was told
to shut up, or they would mako him,
as he had said enough already.
He was then hustled out ot the
room and, after paying his hotel bill,
was given the privilege of walking or
hiring a rig to Foit Steele. Having
too much baggage to walk, the latter
course was taken, and McKenzle was
escorted out of town and told never
to come back or "God help him." He
was also told that he should consider
himself lucky in getting off so easy.
Before leaving he demanded a receipt for $25,00, that being the sum
handed over to the secretary of the
G.W.V.A. $30.00 was the amount collected in all. $5.00 was deducted for
hall rent.
This request was granted and McKenzle was given a receipt for same,
signed by L. Richardson, secretary
McKenzie was also warned not to
go furthor wost, as they had sent telegrams to all the G.W.V.A.'s wost of
Cranbrook, and that If he did so ho
would be sorry for it.    •
Calgary and endorsed Its views, he
was a Bolshevik, etc., etc. Continuing,
he sold that the people here would nut
stand lor anarchy, but for democracy,
and denouncing the speaker and the
organization which ho represented as
being detrimental to labor and the
well-being of tho community, etc., etc.
Thoy finished up by singing, "God
Save the King," jind passing resolutions, "unanimously," of course, condemning the actions of tho labor mon
at Calgory, nnd clearing the hall of
evory body.
Boom Balded
McKenzie then wont to the hotel
(The Cranbrook), where ho was staying. He was hardly two minutes lu
his room when he heard a rap at the
door demanding admission, and on
opening it, tho secretary of the G.W.
V.A. wished to Interview him, followed *
by quite a large mob, who also entered
the room.
They demanded he give up his receipt book, nlong with the money he
had collected fur initiation fees and
dues from tho Crunbrook loggers, and
that he immediately "beat" lt out of
town, taking all his belongings with
him. On McKenzle showing a little
| hesitatlon-to comply with these de-
Easter Clothes
Buy the best when buying, they are cheaper in thc end, and
more lasting, whilst thc daily satisfaction you get in wearing
good clothes more than mates up the difference, if any, between
thc cost of Fashion Craft Clothes aud those of inferior style,
make and material.
Sold only by
Thos. Foster & Co., Ltd.
Deals With Many Matters
and Is Opposed to the
O. B. U.
The District Council of the International Association of Machinists held
its monthly meeting in Victoria on
Saturday, April C, delogntes being present from Victoria, New Wostininster
and Vancouver.
New President.
Owing to tlie resignation of President   Palllser  of Vietoria,   Mr.   Geo.
Warrack, New Westminster was elected to fill the vacancy.
Unemployment and Overtime.
From reports received from the delegates and tho busluess agent there
appears to be a considerable number
of machinists unemployed In both Vancouver and Victoria and difficulty Is
being found In taking care of returned men who were machinists before
going overseas. Instructions were Issued to affiliated locals that overtime
should be prohibited on all but emergency repair work and firms requiring
Ladies' &
A WONDERFUL display of Iho season's
most    'favoroil     styles.
Como and ■ make your selection.    Our
easy payment plmi'is at your disposal.
Just pay it little down, and a littlo eaeh
In all tlio latest styles,
shades nnd materials,
from $30.00- up.   ■
The   styles   aro   pretty
and varied, and include
tlio now ■Dolinnn Coats.
Trices range frota $22.
Dress Well on Easy Terms at the
Vo l.nvi* h big
ranjir of Men's
nnd Young Mini's
Suits In tho
latest Spring
modi-Is. priced
from   f22.S0  up.
In many styles suitubh
for street, bnsiness o
evoning wear. Trice;
from $20.00 up. ■
In tho season's newes
styles    and    materials
Priced from $6.50 ttp.
New York Outfitting Co. Ltd.
Sey. 136:
•: 143 Hastings St. West
Opposite Province Oflico
extra time should be required to absorb some of the unemployed for tbls
"One Big Union."
Considerable discussion took place
on the proposal arising out of the
Calgary convention to secede from the
international union "and become members of "One Big Unton." It was
pointed out that if all of the organizations in the province of British Columbia became part of the new organization that the total membership in
B. C. would not exceed eighteen .thousand and to become a part of a small
organization such as this the machinists locals in B..C, with a total membership of 1200 would require to
secede from the international with
more local unions than there are members ln B. C., the membership of the
International Association of Machinists now being slightly over (300,000)
three hundred thousand.
Closer Organization Favored.
Willi a closer industrial organization the delegates were Btrongly In
favor of, but wore unable to see tlmt
a secession movement lo become part
of a provincinl or national organization with n loss of the affiliation of the
vast membership to the soutli of the
line was along the line of progress,
particularly as a large portion of the
officers and members have for some
years past been on record in favor of
an amalgamation of existing organizations In tlie metal aud transportation
trades. Iu tills connection the following resolution was unanimously adopted:
' "Resolved—That this district lodge
is opposed to the proposal now being
submitted calling upon thc members
of affiliated lodges to withdraw from
the International Association of Machinists to became members of "One
Big Union.'"
The district officers were also instructed to attend the moetings of affiliated ledges aiid explain the situation, it being considered that the literature now being circulated is not disclosing the facts in connection with
the matter.
None of the delegates present are
now receiving or havo received one
dollar from the International union In
any capacity whatever.
The next meeting of the board will
bo held in Vanoouver.
Under the auspices of the West
aby branch of tho Federated
party and address was given b;
J. & Woodsworth in tho Socinl
cmtic Hall, Jubilee, on last Thi
ovoning. Mr. Woodsworth gave o
onstration, by means of a large
of how the producers wcro robt;
a largo amount of thoir produ
keeping a multitude of pooplo whi
not producers not yet doing an
cossary work for tho eomiminit
who were nevertheless large cons.
An interesting discussion wns c
on to a lato hour, and tho meetin
adjourned until Thursday next,
Mr. 33, Burns will tnko thc floor.
Drug Special;
$1.00 Hiiro Phosphnto 	
SJ5o  Witch  ll&M Cream 	
fiOi- Syrup White Pino nnd Tar.-..
St.fiO Pollow'a Syrup  $]
1 fiflc Hold's  Etiioma Ointment	
75o  Blsuratod  Magnesia 	
l!;')c Reid's l.iiMilive Bromide 	
$1.00 M. & ti Florida Water 	
GOo   (Jin   l'llls     ,.„	
25c ProBlillu  .„„ 	
60c .Brook'a Barley  „	
85c   Mtnty's  Tooth Paste 	
75c Wyeth Sago and Sulphur 	
15-c l'ttlm Olive Soap 	
8fic (.a«ti!ft Soap	
COc Hcrplcido 	
$1.55 Liquid Arvon	
50c  iu-id';-.   Sngo and   Sulphur ....
25c  Albert's   Shaving   Stick 	
BOo   Fcrr-tiKone	
86c Carter's Pills   	
750 Abbey's Salts  „	
BOc Iteld'a Fruit Saline 	
$1.00  Kcllogg'B   Asthma  Cure  ....
$1.50   Vacuum   Bottles    ..$]
(War   Tax  Extra  Whew   Be-quir
Vancouver Drug C
Original Out-BMe Drnggisti
405 Hasting. W. - Si,. IMS uid 1:
7 Hastings W. Bay. 3.
78S OnnvJU*) St. Ely. 7*
Oor. Qraovulo and Broadway
Eay. 2314 and 174
413 Main Stroot Soy. 1
1700 Goiuuoreial Drifo
Sid. ISS and 173
Complete Civie Outfits for Retur^d Men
The shoe with
the easy tread
—for the soldier—for the civilian—for any man who has a lot of
walking to do—for the man who's constantly on his feet.
—it's a tihoc that's built for oasc—in every part—the wonderful cushion sole—thc
selected leather in the vamps and uppers—thc models that fit' Ihe natural foot
• like a glove.
—in many last*—in all leathers—the Dr. Vernon build—the Cushion Sole—in every
pair—the biggest bargain in foot comfort you over struck.
10 Per Cent.
Boys' Shoes
Dick offers a lino of Boya' Shoef
that can't be equalled elsewhere-'
stout shoes—strongly made—good
wearing soles—reinforeed stitching
—it'll pay any parent to look ovor
this line—offered at pricei wliich
ittonn top-notch values.
Every Pair Guaranteed—Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back.
ice la
33-45-47-49. Hastings ShEast.
* 11


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