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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Jan 12, 1923

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industrial unity: stbength «.        Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)        ^^politioal unity; inarm
$2.50 PER YEAR
Endorse George H. Hardy's
Candidature in South
Effort to Be Madfe to Bring
Two Organizations
A most Interesting meeting was held
by local 462 of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters, on Monday last,
The hall was packed to capacity, and
a great amount of business of a constructive nature transacted,
Business Agent Hardy was endorsed
as councillor for South Vancouver,
and the members of the organization
urged to vote for him on the 13th,
Two delegates were elected to the
unemployed conference, which ls to
be held in the City Hall on Feb, 1.
Business Agent Hardy reported that
Organizer "Wilkinson had received Instructions from President Hutchinson,
to stay in Vancouver and endeavor to
settle the Ballantyne pier trouble. -
Elections to fill vacant positions ln
the organization were held, the following being elected: Conductor, W.
Page; trustee, Georgo Thom; executive board member, T. Richardson;
sick committee, L. Edge.
The protest of the Trades and Labor Council against the receipt tax
was endorsed, and the secretary Instructed to notify the Trades Congress
of Canada to this effect.
The subscription of the organization
in a body to The Federationist, was
renewed for another three months,
without opposition.
f Seeking to remove friction which
now exists between the two carpenters' organizations, it was decided to
appoint a committee of three to visit
tho next meeting of the Amalgamated
Carpenters, with the idea of bringing
about a joint mass meeting for the
purpose of discussing the present conditions ln the building trades. The
local also decided that the committee
should consist of members of the rank
and file. This movo ls expected to
bring nbout greater cohesion in tho
carpenter craft if It doeB not eventually'result In bringing aboirtTJiT-amal-
ganiaUon of tho carpenters unions in
tho city.
A communication from District 26
of the United Mine Workers of Nova
Scotia, calling for the trade union rate
of wuges for tho unemployed, the six-
hour day us a relief against unemployment, and the consolidation of existing unions, was endorsed.
The secretary was Instructed to
wire to Premier Oliver, protesting
against the wages being now paid for
tho clearing of the site of the U, B. C.
and to demand the standard or trade
union rate of wages for this work.
The meeting was brought to a close
at 11 p.m., the membera present voicing the opinion that it had been one
of the brightest and most useful meetings held for a long time, and that
the spirit displayed augured well for
the future.
Ottawa, Jan. 6.—The "Hanna order" which debarred employees of the
Canadian Rational Railways from accepting public elective positions, has
been rescinded. In a statement made
yesterday at an informal conference
of chairmen and general chairmen of
standard railway union organizations
on Canadian National Railways with
members of the executive. Sir Henry
Thornton, president of the govornment system, announced the removal
of tbo order.
Martyred Men and Bloody
Sunday Will Be
The murder of Carl Liebknecht
and Rosa Luxemburg by the
Social Democrats, ls an event
still fresh in the memory of all,
and thero ls no great need to dwell on
the facts. The lesson to be drawn
from these factB, however, require, in
the Interest of the working class, to
be driven home on every posaible occasion, Bloody Sunday, as an example of mass murder also has a lesson
for us ln view of the political situation
in Europo today.
Under the auspices of the Workers'
Party, English-speaking and Finnish
branches, a mass meeting will be held
ln the Clinton hall, on Sunday evening, Jan. 81, Short addresses will be
delivered in English, Finnish, Lettish,
Russian, Ukrainian, Kalian and German. In addition, musical items,
vocal and instrumental, will be rendered. A collection will be taken to
defray the expanses, and everything
over will be donated to the Labor Defence Council to aid in-tho struggle
of the CommuniBts against the Amerl
can oligarchy.
Washington—Private detectives engaged in promoting divorces for their
clients are disreputable witnesses when
they come into court, according to a
majority opinion of tho court of appeals of the District of Columbia,
"Men who engage in tho business of
spying on women for hire in order to
catch them ln compromising situations
are deservedly regarded with distrust,"
says the opinion,
Mass An. ki of Miners Is
Made to Defeat Organization Work
The Edmonton coal miners' strike
for union recognition and conditions,
has reached an acute stage.
Accompanied all along the line by
persecution and brutal police attacks
upon the strikers, a new phase of the
situation has arisen. Mass arrests
havo been made, resulting In the incarceration of some 13C miners during the last few days. Incensed
against this mass persecution, the
minyrs' wives organized themselves,
demonstrating their solidarity and decided to picket the mines. After a
mass demonstration of women on
Thursday, January 4, an attempt to
picket the Penn mine was made by
tho women, which resulted in the
worst chapter of police brutality on
women ever heard of in Canada.
Clubbed, kicked and beaten, shots
fired, were among the dramatic events
of the afternoon. As a result of this,
three women are in bed, badly injured
and many women are still suffering
from bruises received. A strike bulletin, with sworn affidavits of these incidents, has been issued, and these
events have awakened public opinion
as never before. A monster mass demonstration of protest was heid in the
City of Edmonton on Jan. 6, showing
ln no uncertain terms how the citizens
feel. There is a great possibility of a
general strike of District 18 of the
miners in consequence and also, should
the occasion warrant it, a general
strike of all workers of Edmonton and
Forum Moeting
The usual Forum will be held on
Sunday, Jan. 14, rom 3 to 5 p.m., at
the W. P. hall, 303% Pender Street
West, when Prof. Mack Eastman will
speak on the "French Revolution and
the Russian Revolution."
Second Vice-iPres. of Typos.
Has Headquarters at
W. R. Trotter, second vice-president
of the Typographical Unton, has decided to make his headquarters at Indianapolis, Ind. Mr. Trotter has been
for many years an active worker in
both the Industrial and political
workers' organizations, in both Winnipeg and Vancouvor, but for the last
few years bis activities have been in
Vancouver. A member of Local 226,
International Typographical Union, he
was elected by a fair majority as one
of the Progressives.
In view of the services he has rendered to the organized Labor movement, the Federated Labor Party, of
which he has always, since its formation, been an active member, will hold
a farowell gathering on Saturday, the
13th, at headquarters, 148 Cordova
Stroet West. While the arrangements
are being made by the Federated Labor Party, the send-off Is by no means
confined to the members of that organization, and all friends and well-
wishers are asked to attend and give
to Mr. and* Mrs. Trotter a send-off
which will remain in their memories
for many years.
(.'hrlstiimM Tree Party
A Christmaa tree party was held In
the I. O. O, F. hull at the corner of
Thirtieth and Main, on Saturday, Dec.
30, for the children or South Vancouver unemployed. Toys, candy and
fruit were distributed to over 200
children present. A splendid programmo was rendered, to which the
following contributed: The Frith children, the Misses Harris, Mr. Booth,
Mrs. Stevenson, Miss Dryer, Mr, J.
Wood und Mr, Harris accompanied at
the piano. The chair was occupied
by Mr. Neelands, M. L. A. Tho committeo consisted of Mrs. Drummond,
convener, Mrs, Anderson, Mr. J, Wood
and Mr. Harris. The committeo wishes
to thank all those who contributed toward the success of the ovening.
Washington—The American farmer's chance of a Happy New Year is
for him to "combino with Labor forces
and wrest the federal government
away from the great financial interests which now own it," according to
Benjabmin C. Marsh, managing director Farmers' National Council. "Farmers cannot be prosperous," ho continues, "while selfish flnanclal interests dominate the country, and Morgan, Rockefeller and Mellon continue
tho trlumvlrato which rules thc destinies of the world."
Bloomington, 111.—James Meaghpr,
member of the Machinists Union, has
become editor of the Searchlight, official local Labor organ. Meagher, a
progressive trade unionist, became
widely known by his activities for the
defense in the Pearson case at Clinton,
III,, during the Harriman railroad
strike. Pearson was tried or the
killing of a strike-breaker, pleaded
self-defonsc and was acquitted. The
Searchlight Is a member of the Federated Press.
It Ib quite possible that the Edmonton operators may have men in their
employ who are acting as agents provocateur to cause the powor of the
police to be turned against the miners
who are on strike. That Is an old
game.—Alberta Labor Nows.
Resent Treatment Handed
Out to the Edmonton
Coleman   and   Carbondale
Locals Have Pledged
Widespread indignation at the treatment handed out to the striking miners in the Edmonton district prevails
throughout District 18 of the United
Mine Workers of America, which includes the coal fields of British Columbia and Alberta.
From Nordegg comes the word that
the miners there are urging that all
miners in the district to down tools on
Monday, the 15th, unless the miners
in the strike area are given recognition. The same attitude is taken by
the men in other camps. The following resolution, passed by the Coleman
and Carbondale locals, Indicates the
feeling of the men in Diatrict 18:
' "Whereas, the conditions under
which the coal miners ln the Edmonton district, were compelled to work,
and the wages paid them by the mine
operators was inadequate, which deprived them and their families of the
right to a standard of living; and
whereas, as the result, the District 18
officials of the U. M. W. of America,
on behalf of the mine workers, made
an effort to negotiate an agreement
with the non-union mine operators in
the Edmonton district, the result being
a flat refusal on the operators' part,
hence the cessation of work by the
coal miners in that district.
"And, whereas, we endorse the action of peaceful pickettlng of the
miners for a just cause; we therefore
go on record as condemning the action
of the government authorities, for allowing the police to adopt such tactics as abusing inhumanly the coal
miners and their families, even to the
extent of clubbing pregnant women;
therefore, be it resolved, that we protest against the action of the government police in the Edmonton district,
in the wholesale arresting of the work-
era who-are striking for'recognition
of their union, nnd a living wage, that
we appeal to the government authorities to immediately withdraw the
"And be it further resolved, that we
go on record, tlmt wc, the officers and
members of Carbondale Local Union,
2227, and Coleman Local 2633, U. M.
W. of A., pledge our moral and financial support to aid the miners in their
fight for freedom, under British democracy."
Thank Supporters
The local branch of the Friends of
Soviet Russia wishes to extend- its
thanks to nil those who assisted and
those who pntronized the bazaar held
recently in behalf of the children of
Soviet Russia. The sum of $118.20
was realized, nnd this sum will be devoted to the caring for the relief of
orphans In Soviet Russia.'
Lay Plans for an   Active
Spring Organization
Locals 692 and 1S2 of the International Association of Machinists have
both held meetings during tho past
week. The meetings were well attended and plans for tbe coming your
Locul 692, nt ltn moeting on Tues-
day evening, endorsed Geo. H. Hardy
for councillor for South Vancouver,
and members prosent who reside in
that municipality have pledged themselves to work nnd vote for him.
Plans for an activo organization
campaign were also outlined, and a
drive for new members will be made
in the spring.
Local 182 on Thursday, tho 4th,
dealt at length with tho problems facing the members of Division 4.
The following officers wore installed
by P. R. Bengough: President, H.
Perry; financial secretary, J. Keefe;
recording secretary, B. Oliver; George
Williams, local organizer and, Fred
Fisher, treasurer. Bro. Fisher has
held this ofllce for many years now,
and almost since the inception of tho
Minneapolis—The Stato industrial
commission has finally mado a decision
on tho printers' eight-hour strike, and
rules that these workers are Justified
in suspending work to onforco an
agreement the omployers violated.
The commission uses this incident to
urge the passage of a law that will
vest tho commission with power to enforce its judgment. Trade unionists
quickly noticed thq sly suggestion thnt
the legislature pass a "enn't-strike"
Washington—Workers employed ln
the manufacture of musical instruments, other than pianos and organs,
averaged $25.38 a week during 1921,
according to the census bureau. These
workers are highly skilled. They produce band and orchestral Instruments,
chimes, .bolls, brass and wood Instruments and stringed instruments.
IN the report of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council meeting which Appeared last
week there was o. serious error.
That error was the omission
of the paragraph dealing with
tho endorsatlon of tlie candidature of George H. Hardy for
Councillor for South Vancouver.
The headlines proclaimed that
this endorsation had been made,
but by a typographical error
this paragraph was omitted.
Tlie paragraph read as follows: On the' recommendation
of tlie executive, George H.
Hardy, business agent of the
United Brotherhood of Carpenters, who is a candidato for
councillor for South Vancouver,
was endorsed by the council.
Readers of tlie Federationist
should take note of-this endorsatlon and act. accordingly. A
vote for labor Is a vote for tbe
Wishes to Bolster Up Tottering: Financial
Manufacturers' Journal Devotes Whole Issue to
Thinks Europe Can Be Set
on Its Feet by International Loan
[By Louis P. LochnerJ
(European Dir. Federated Press)
The Hagug, Holland—Sir George
Paish, well known to American Labor
folks through the exposure by Paul
Hanna in 192.P, through the Federated Press, of the scheme proposed for
taking $2,000,000,000 then still reclining ln tho war finance corporation
for saving British financiers, .came to
the Women's International Congross
for a new peace and to the International Trade Union Congress Against
War and Militarism, with a new plan
for bolstering up a tottering financinl
Sir George ls here as delegate from
the Fight and Famine and European
Reconstruction Council, but tho fact
that he has long been a financial adviser to tho British government lends
special Significance to his project.
Sir George Paish's scheme is the
following: He thinks lhat Europe can
be set on Ita feet by making not more
than £2,000,000,000 steeling available
In thc form of an international loan.
This loan he wants to see floated over
a period of five years, at the rate of
1400,000,000 per annum. This monoy
should be doled out by some such organization as the League of Nations,
and should be supplied by the world's
In other words, the money powejffcl
of the world are to havo Europe practically under their control. Sir Geo.
Paish admits in his argument that tho
present governments have done nothing since the armistico to set up tho
machinery of the world again. So the
world's investors must do it.
But investors aro mighty cautious
these days, argues Sir George. In
more elegant language, but to the
same purpose, ho states that they j
'got stung" by the loans thoy made to
Poland, to tho counter-revolutionary
armies of Russia, to Greece and whatnot. So they will lake no chances this
"Not ono penny oould be raised," he
says, "unless there were surety given,
investors have lost faith.
"There are only two countries lhat
possess potential credit—Russia, with
her unlimited potential powers of production that will enable her within 50
years to becomo tho richest country In
the world, and Germany, with her
wonderful Industry, which will enable
hor to become a wealthy nation in tho
near future, if wo allow her to."
Sir Georgo apparently realizes that
Russia would not be a party to guaranteeing such a loan, so ho suggests
that Germany become the guarantor,
In that sho should be requested to
pledge, in lieu of other rparatlons payments, that she will raise 4 por cent.
Interest and 1 per cent, for a sinking
fund on this money—in other words,
that sho will scrapo together £100,-
000,000 sterling por annum when onco
the full sum has been put into circulation. Tho first year, of courso, says
Sir George, with only one-llfth of the
sum put into circulation for reconstruction purposes, tho burden on
Germany will be only one-fifth.
If Germany will agree to this
scheme, says Sir George, then the
monoy can be found in a very short
time, As Is being pointed out by ;nany
Labor delogates ln attendance at hoth
congrosscs, however, if the monoy can
bo got thus quickly, it must bo lying
"on tap" somewhere, and thero might
well be devised othor means of getting
hold of this surplus wealth and using
it for tho common good without lotting the financiers draw 5 per cent, on
tho misery of humanity.
I asked Bir George whother his
scheme would not effectively provent
the setting up of more radical governments, In that tho financiers or the
League of Nations through whom they
distributed tho money, would hardly
advanc^ credit to a nation whoso government' they did not like.
Sir George staunchly denied this.
"We would make no attompt whatsoever to interfero In the Inner workings of nny country.   Each would bo
Puts Up Powerful  Argument for Trade with
Soviet State
<By F. S. R. Press Service)
New York—The American manufacturers Export Association has devoted an entire issue of its official
publication, Amexa'News, to Soviet
Russia and the possibilities of trade
there open to Americans. Although
the magazine lends Itself to strictly
non-controvorslal material,, every article in it constitutes another powerful argument in favor of recognition
of the flrst Workers' Republic by the
United States, so that the gates of
commerce may be thrown open.
"This issue," an eidtorial foreword
states, "was prompted by the fact that
several inquiries have come to the office lately on. Russia, and that anything published by responsible people
who know something of Russian affairs Is eagerly sought by modern
business men as well as the public
press. Wideawake exporters cannot
afford to ignore the Russian situation."
The Issue leads off with a long article on the State Universal Stores Corporation in Moscow, the huge enterprise of 360 departments and 2d
branches, which is flourishing under
State supervision. It ls one of the
largest, if hot actually the largest, re-
tall and wholesale department stores
organizations in the world. A representative of the corporation Is now in
the United States, and the article is
based upon hfs report. He showed
that starting with a capitalization of
two million gold rubles less than a
year ago, the undertaking haB bcen so
profitable that it ls now capitalized
for five- million gold rubles, that is,
for $2,000,000.
The extent of co-operative enterprises in Soviet Russia is also discussed In detail. The co-operative socle-
ties, it shows, "like a network cover
every town, village and hamlet
throughout the wido expansive territory of Russia and Siberia."
Other notable articles aro "A Brief
Review of thc Siberian Economic Situation," written by M. A. Dmltricff; a
discussion uf legal conditions in Russia by Valerian E. Greaves, International lawyer, In which he Indicates
that laws for the protection of foreign
investments exist; "Opportunities for
Amerlcuns in Russia's Revival," . by
Malcolm Sumner, of tho New York
bar; "Russia's Industrial Recovery,"
by J. G. Ohsol, and a review of Russian trade by Louis Keller, director of
the International Institute of Economics,
Almost two pages of Amexa News
are devoted to the Russian-American
Industrial Corporation, quoting portions of the contract whereby thc investors are assured not only an 8 per
cent, dividend, but the entiro principal.
Get-together Meeting to Be
Held After Business
The members of Local 170 of the
United Association of Plumbers,
feteamJitters and Helpers, will nominate candidates for olllce for tho coming term,' tonight (Friday, January
III). The moeting will bu held in
room IH, the Labor Temple, 31!) Pender Street West, at 8 p.m.
All members arc requested to attend tbis meeting and take part In tho
nomination of officers, and by so doing, secure tbe best talent In tho organization for officers for 1923.
Business Asent Smylie reports that
trado conditions are fair, and that the
organization Is moro than holding Its
After the regular business of the
moeting Is disposed of, a get-together
gathering will be held. Light rfrcsh-
ments will bc served, nnd o>good timo
Indulged in, with the Idea of strengthening tho bonds which bind the members of the organization together.
Washington—Senator Walsh of
,Montann proposes a constitutional
amendment which would debar from
interstate commerce tho products of
child labor. The Keating child labor
law had this provision, but is was declared unconstitutional by tbo United
Stales supreme court.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
allowed to maintain tho kind of governmont that thoy choose."
Then ho grow pensive for a moment, however, and added: "Of course
tho credits would naturally havo to bo
advanced to governments ln which we
hav. confidence, We might mnke an
initial loan to all, since all need lt so
badly, even un the chance of not getting our monry bnck. But there would
bo HUli' inducement to extend further
loans unless we trusted thc governments. At the present time, for Instance, there Is, as you know, wide distrust of the Russian government."
It told the story.
French Workers Succeed in
Securing Release of
Andre Marty
In order to put an end to the agitation, which has spread throughout
France, for the release of Andre
Marty, M. Colvat, French minister of
justice, says the Exchange, has given
notice that he intends to Introduce a
decree during January, extending a
pardon to Marty.
Andre Marty Is the young engineer
officer of the French navy, who, early
in 1910 , led a successful mutiny
against a French attack on Soviet
Russia. Without consulting parliament, M. Clemeneeau had despatched
Frenhc.warships to the Black Sea.
But quite unexpected resistance to
the plan developed among the lower-
deck men. Badina, a young seaman,
seconded Marty in the leadership of
the revolt. In response to the sailors'
refusal to attack Russia, the ships,
flying the red flag, were forced to return home.
Although the commander of the
fleet promised that no seaman should
be punished for this deed, courts martial, on the return to France, gave severe sentences.
Badina and Marty got long terms of
Imprisonment—the latter 20 years.
At once an agitation for their release was begun, led by the French
Communists. In 1921 Marty and Badina, though in prison, were elected
.members of the Paris municipal council. The elections were quashed by
the authorities.
But time after time Communists
have nominated Marty as a candidate
in elections in different parts of
France, and in no fewer than twenty
elections, he has been successful.
Badina was pardoned lost July, Still
the authorities *1%fused to pardon
Marty. This week, however, he has
been elected to one of the local councils at Lyons. And, at last, the authorities are yielding to the pressure
of a united demand of the workers.
State of Unemployed Calls
for Workers Getting
At the meoting of the unemployment conference committee, held in
tho City Hall, Thursday, Jan. 4, at
which W. H. Cottrell presided:
Reports were made b.v the delegates
as to the situation re unemployment
In the different districts, and nfter
considerable discussion, it was unnni-
mouly decided to call a conference of
delegates from all workers organizations on Thursday, Feb. 1, In the City
Hall, at 8  p.m.
The general opinion expressed was,
that un endeavor should be made to
bring the workers solidly together on
this question, and that the responsibility for thc present situation should
be brought forcibly to the attention of
the government.
The menace of the unemployed
situation should be brought home to
every trade unionist and to tbis end
members of the unemployed will visit
the different organizations urging their
support and tbo necessity of their
sending their full quota of delegates
to the unemployment conference on
Feb, 1.
New York.—The demand for a full
and public statemiMit of the facts of
Ihe coal mining industry has become
almost a wail, according to the research department of the Federal
Council of Churches of Christ in
America, Which makes public the results of nn Inquiry into the public
attitude toward regulation of tbe
coal  industry.
The conclusions, based on Interviews and replies to specific rjuostllns
deceived from employer.-, labor union
bends, technicians, editors, educators
and church leaders in various partil
of the country, set forth an apparently unanimous approval of tbe government's action hi creating the coal
New York.—"There Is such a smelly
mess of Injustice In the American
army that it needs someone to lift
tho lid," said Malcolm Whcelcr-Nlch-
olson, former army major who was
ousted from the nrmy a few days ngo
for trying to call tho attention of
President Harding ami the country
to tho Prussianism which he has been
charging for years dominates the
army. He made the statemont In
commenting on a suit bc hns brought
against Brig. Gen. Fred. Bladen, superintendent, ' West Point Military
academy, for $100,000, charging libel
and slandor In connection with tho
attempt to get him out of the army.
Every reader of Thc Federatlonist
can render valuable flf*lstanco by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
tlioy nro due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not tako
much effort to do ibis.   Try It.
Greon Bay, Wlfl.—The People's
Voice, a large eight-pane weekly
paper owned by the farmers and industrial workers of this vicinity, has
begun publication. lt is indorsed by
the Green Bay Federated Trades
council, tho Green Bay Fedorated
Shop Crafts and by tho Brown county
American Society of Equity, a farmer
organisation* It has applied for
membership In The Federated Press
and Is taking tho F, P. service. F, H,
•Shoemnker ln the editor.
Addtess Petition to Government Citing
Too Poor to Buy Tickets,
Workers Walk to
[By Carl Brannln]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Guadalajara, Mexico—-"So long aa
the land Is not restored to those who
labor and live upon lt the revolution
is yet to be." This might be taken aa
the keynote of the first convention of
lho organised land workers of tho
State of Jalisco, ln this city.
A petition was addressed to tho
Mexican government reciting tho
wrongs suffered by the campeslnos
(land worken) at the hands of tho
landlords and a demand made for
immediate restoration of the land.
This was the promise of Madero, of
Carranza, and is the general policy of
the present government, but tho
months are lengthening into years and
still the campeslnos of Jalisco toll at
wages which leave them and their
families hungry and almost naked.
In other states In Mexico the workers
havo been given their lands. Why tho
delay in Jalisco?
From every part of the State
these men and women had come.
Some had walked four or five days,
since they were too poor to buy railroad tickets. Most slept on the brick
floor of the nieeting hall wrapped only
in their blankets. Some 40 or more
were provided with three meals a day
by the central office of the league.
Practically all were clad ln the flimsy
cotton garments of the peon with baro
sandalled feet, enormous brimmed
straw sombrero and the Inevitable
blanket. The marks of poverty, •malnutrition and hard work were stamped on their faces.
These 100 delegates represented 50,-
000 organized land workers. The
wages of most of them ranged from
20 to fiO centavos per day with some
corn where the smaller wage is paid
(2 centavos equal 1 cent.)
It is the policy of the government
to encoruage the organization of
workers in every possible way. Buildings are furnished fice as headquarters and meeting places. In this city
the convention wns lie-! in one pnrt
of what was a convent 60 years ago,
but has been, used for many yenrs as
an industrial school for orphan boys.
The business manner of the school Is
the secretary of tbe State oranlzatlon
of campeslnos.
And yet the military arm of the
government In a State may be entirely
out of sympathy If not actually hostile to suhc a, policy. The general may
bo Influential with the locnl landlords
and the government finds It necessary
to keep him In position for fear his
removal would result In his taking tho
field against the authorities.
Similar congresses of campeslnos
will be held in tbe Stale of Dunango
and Gpnnujuto in January.
At the Central Mission auditorium,
233 Abbott Street, Saturday night, tho
13th, at 7:40 p.m., Mr, Geo. F. Hardy,
Trades and Labor (.ouncil, will speak
on "Advantages of Collective Bargaining," followed by a lH-mlnute address
by Lome T. Morgan, student of the
U. B. C. Saturday night, the 80th, at
7:46 p.m., Dr. Boggs, professor of economics, will speak on ".Money As a
Class Issue, Wbat Classes Suffer When
Money Is Depreciated." J, (J. Morgan, chairman,
Working Class Candidates
Will Address the
The municipal campaign in South
Vancouvor has been conducted vigorously during the pnst few days. Geo.
Hardy and Mrs. Drummond have addressed many meetings during the pnst
weok, and on Friday night a Joint
meeting has been arranged for. This
meeting will be held in tbe Municipal
Mull, corner of Fraser and 43rd Ave,
at 7:30. The speakers wiU bo Mrs.
Drummond, George H. Hardy. A. Tennant and It, H. Neelands, M. L. A,
Tho threo candidates who will address the nieeting are all workers.
George M. Hardy baa been endorsed by
many Lubor organisations, while Mrs.
Drummond and A. Tennant realize the
position of the workers, rh they havo
lived and worked with them in South
Vancouver for some time. It. H. Neelands, M. L. A., will speak and urge
the workers to support the working
class candidates.
Cincinnati—Organized painters havo
advanced their wages live cents an
hour until May 23, when they will receive nn additional 7 V_ cents. On
August 23 their pay will be advanced
fivo cents. This means an increase
rom «V»*i cents to f LOG In less than
seven months.
New York—The Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Coal Company has
declared a 40 por cent, stock dividend,
and Increased Its capitalization from
14,000,000 to moro than (16,000,000.
I'atronixo Fedorationist advertisers. IttT
fifteenth tbar. no. _ BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
Published every Friday morning by The B. C. Federationist
Business Office:   1189 Howe Street
Editorial   Ofllce:    Room   306—319   Pender   Streot  West
Editorial Board:   P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
_     Clark, George Bartley.
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per
year; Canada, $2.50 per year, $1.50 for six months; to
Unions subscribing In a body, 16c per member per
Unity of Labor: The Hope of tlio World
FRIDAY ^January 12, 1928
The Unemployed Do Not Need Pity
but Assistance
'TO SKY THAT THEEE is suffering in Vancouver
a and district through unemployment, would almost appear to bc unnecessary, but the fact remains
that the authorities have either failed to realize this
fact, or intend to ignore the hunger which is in the
district; that children are under-nourished and that
widespread destitution prevails. But thc conditions
arc so bad, that even at the low rate of wage offered,
hundreds of men applied for work on the clearing
of thc site of the University of British Columbia—in
fact, if the stories of cyc-witnesses are to be believed,
and they arc numerous, and all bear the earmarks
of truth, there has been such a scramble for jobs
that those responsible for this work, have decided
that the wage offered, namely, $3.20 por day, was
too attractive, and they have reduced it by 40 cents.
In other words, to 35 cents per hour.
# * »
The Vancouver Daily World has taken pity on
the unemployed. That this was done after thc wages
had been reduced, and arrangements for lower car
fares made, docs not materially affect the situation,
although the average man will wonder that this pity
was not shown somo time ago, beforc the Provincial
Government decided to aet, and to clear the site for
the university; but the pity, extended to the residents of South Vancouver, which the World thinks
are badly treated, because they have come to the
city to secure work, is not at all appreciated by the
jobless of either South Vancouver or the city and
adjacent districts. It is not pity that thc unemployed want, but work. They desire life and all that
goes to make up the existence of thc humble wage
slave who is content so long as he has a job and the
necessities of life which will enable him to continue
to work and produce profits for his masters.
In discussing this question, and in extending its
pity to the unemployed of this vicinity, the World,
in part, says:
"In another column a South Vancouver man,
one of the unemployed seeking relief, tells of
the troubles of these men. Without carfares,
tramping all thc way into town to the government cmlpoymcnt agency only to be crowded
out of the scramble for the slips entitling a portion of the men to go to work. Then the long,
disheartening walk back in the rain. He suggests that a distribution of slips for the South
Vancouver men be made at thcir municipal hall.
"South Vancouver is entitled to particular
consideration. Only nominally is it an 'outside'
municipality; it is actually the working class
residential district.of Vanoouver City."
•*,'      s*.        .
Thero, dear reader, you have thc truth; South
Vancouver is not an outside municipality, it is but a
place where the slaves of thc ruling class of Vancouver and district reside. Beside is, to say the
least, a "nice term" for the miserable existence
which those slaves eke out. It is a herding station
for workers. A place where they go to sleep after
they have produced their quota of thcir masters'
profits, and starve to death when their services arc
no longer required.
But while the World was extending its pity to tho
men from South Vancouver, who have to walk home
after a fruitless search for work at thc government
employment bureau, its sympathy did not extend to
those whose wagos had been reduced. The writer
of the letter referred to in thc World, only asks,
that thc authorities provide a slave market at the
Municipal Hall at South Vancouver, so that they
will not be starved to death by spring. And this
in a country where freedom and liberty are supposed to prevail; a land whieh is supposed to offer
life and liberty to intending immigrants; a land
where security from poverty is certain..
While recognizing thc fact that the South Vancouver workers are at a disadvantage, we would ask
how it is that the authorities could be so callous as
to reduce the wages offered on the work at Point
Grey; wnges which in the first place, were inadequate to sustain life and provide for thc children of
thc men employed, for it must be understood that
this Utopia, where work was to bc provided for thp
unemployed, is not to be entered by the single men,
no matter how hungry or destitute they may be.
The wages were, however, set on the single man
basis, and gave no opportunity fnr the male mombors of the species to accelerate the birth rato, but
were based on the fact that the slave market was
overstocked. But the fact remains that while pro
visions have been mude to facilitate the men who
arc fortunate enough to get a job on the university
site getting to their work, thc wages have been reduced by live cents per hour.
*        *        *
Trade unionists who have steady worlt; or men
who have a trade nt whieh, when employed, they
are able to earn more than thc so-called common
laborer, may think that this matter does not concern
them; but it does in these days when slaves aro
plentiful. The employers will take every advantage
of the distress of the unemployed in order to reduce
wages all round. There is no Christianity iu business; no sentiment in profits, and the standard of
the unemployed must of necessity affect all workers.
The need of thc hour is a strong and well-organized protest against this inhuman exploitation of thc
unemployed and their hungry children. Iu Russia,
children come first; in Canada, profits (irst and foremost, and the Oliver government is tending to its
business when it reduoos the wages of the men employed by it on the university site Every Labor
organization should deluge thc promier of this Province with protests; they should demand thc trade
union rate of wages for their less fortunate, brothers,
and while the emancipation of the working olass
will not como under the present wages system, tho
least the organized workers can do is to protect
themselves by helping the men who, through unem
ployment, have to accept the wages offered *by the
government or starve. Premier Oliver once stated
that he worked for 12 cents per hour. Well, we
have no objections to him again taking a job at that
price, but if the workers of this Provinee ever vote
for him or his kind again after the raw deal handed
out to the unemployed of this Province by the Oliver
government, they would deserve to work for nothing, and suffer the humiliation that capitalism heaps
on them for all time. They would be objects of pity
without hope. But the unemployed at this time do
not want pity, but the assistance of organized
Labor.   Can they depend on it ?  We think so.
FRIDAY...... January 12, 1928
"Boys of the Bull Dog Breed" and
Their Patience
'TUIOSE who follow-tho daily press will have no
■!■ doubt noted that a headline in an evening paper
published in this city read as follows: "Red Flag
seen in Old Country." But if they read the article
which followed their wonderment would cease, for
in it we were informed that from 200 platforms in
as many cities, thc jobless were addressed by representatives of the labor movement. Nay, more than
that, the Red Flag was sung, Communist songs
were heard, and thc gospel of discontent with the
present system preached wherever the workers con-
A more significant feature of the unemployed
situation in the Old Land, was thc fact that in the
crowd which gathered in Trafalgar Square, London, the heart of the empire, there were many who
had walked from Glasgow. Of course all these men
were Bolshevists; they were anarchists, or anyhing
else which the ruling class press had a mind to call
them, but thc fact ^remains that they were men of
"the bulldog breed," men who have made and
fought for the Empire in which they have no share,
and in which they are starving. And yet some people wonder at their singing of the "Red Flag." All
we can wonder at is thcir patience. Incidentally,
the men of the same breed in Canada have the same
measure of patience, but there is a breaking point,
and we cannot expect that thc men of today have
any moro patience than that Biblical character
"Job," and it may be that some day the authorities
will wake up to this fact.
"Our" Province and the Jobless
RINGS very seldom say anything for public consumption. Particularly is this so in the ease
of British kings or emperors; their duties seem to
be to open parliaments and to voice, to some ox-
tent, the intentions pf their advisors. But occasionally the representatives of British ruling heads
speak as public men and without reference to their
position as representatives of the Crown.
When sueh men speak they are expected to say
something. In fact all British Columbia has been
waiting to read just what the Hon. Walter C.
Nichol, Lieutenant-Governor of thc province, would
say on his return to the province, and at the Canadian Club where he was advertised, muchly advertised, to speak. Being interested in the welfare of
"our province," we read his speech as reported in
his own paper, and to date we have failed to find
any more in it than usually appears in thc editorial
columns of his own particular journal.
Comment such as this may be seditious for all we
know or care, but wc do wish to draw to the attention of thc readers of the Federationist the following passage from the speech referred to in connection with British Columbia:
"Locally, matters arc not in an unpromising
shape. If we arc not having a boom, we are at
least having a steady, persistent revival. I hope
to sec all doubt and pessimism cleared away
before the year ends and the cities of the Canadian coast going forward steadily, and happily
and enjoying to thc full the mild climate and
generous good nature of the West. Whatever
people may say, British Columbia is bound to
go ahead. We have only to remember the fact
that it is rich in natural resources, rich in raw
materials, and thnt thc future is with the
country that has the raw materials, to realize
that there is no reason for alarm. Life must
go on the same as ever through sunny days and
cloudy. Wc all have to eat, make and wear
clothes, build houses to live in, and keep our
minds and hands from idleness whether we
want to or whether we don't,"
Perhaps the next time the King's representative
speaks, he will inform the jobless of this province
and the underpaid wage slaves how they will eat,
make and wear clothes, build houses to live in, and
keep their minds and hands from idleness, for it
has us beat. We might also suggest that it would
be a good pointer to show the workers how to make
the idle rioh earn their bread by the sweat of their
brows. It would be at least more interesting than
the above paragraph.
[By Evelyn Sharp]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
TONDON—It is early to prophesy,
*-* but there seems to be something
of the damp squib about Italy's new
Napoleon. Mussolini's gesture at the
recent meeting of the premiers here
in throwing down a take-it-or-leave-it
reparations plan upon the council table, has not survivod the snub of its
having been quietly "left." It required
quite a lot of black shirts and singing
at the departure of the great man
from the London railway station in
order to remind the public o'f the dramatic greatness of Italy's dictator.
In an interview witli a Daily Herald
representative, tho only pross interview granted during his London visit,
Mussolini seemed to indicate that tho
Fascisti state in Italy is to be a mere
military dictatorship. History has its
revenges, and it is fairly easy to predict what will be its verdict upon the
tow dictatorships, Italian and Russian, in a hundred years' timo. For
lho lack of constructive policy in Mussolini's P-Ogramme, ills antagonism to
his ancient comrades, the Socialists
and workers of Italy, and general disinclination to commit himself to anything but military dictatorship, stands
out in great contrast to the efforts of
Russia to reorganize her existence for
the people's good.
Insofar as the British parliament
can be held responsible, the Irish Free
State came into existence Dec. 5, at
midnight. With scarcely any discussion, the House of Commons passed
tho Irish constitution bill. It went
through the House of Lords aB Inconspicuously and received the royal assent.
More bodies of unemployed are
marching on London to present their
demand for work, not doles, and the!
prime minister refuses to receive them.
In any other country, and In any other
ago before machino guns had been
invented, all this would mean revolution. But the British people are phenomenally law-abiding and patient;
and it is on this that those who control the capital of the country are relying for their safety.
Low wages as well as no wages at
all are another fruitful source of discontent. This was seen in the story
of the mines laid before the prime
minister by the miner's executive.
After listening to the tale of physical
and mentnl deterioration, and insuffl
clent wages, Bonar Law admitted that
the situation was, "If not appalling,
Thc Hon. H; H. Stevens says that a man who does
not love his job is a slave. Will thc honorable gentleman inform us what a man without a job is? He
has nothing to love; his stomach is empty and his
hopes blasted. What category is tliis individual
without a master to be placed in?
The war to end war, and the peace which followed
that wai", were such as to make further wars possiblo. The conflicting interests of the late Allies
have made it impossible for them to agree and today
wc see Great Britain and Franco at outs.
Franco, or at least her so-called statesmen, during
the days of war, told the people that Germany
should pay. Today they realize that Germany cannot pay, but they dare not tell the people the truth,
hence the advance on the Ruhr.
But the schemes of politicians oft go wrong, and
while at this distance, thc situation is too obscure to
say definitely as to what will bc the outcome of the
present move of France, yet we are of the opinion
that the German workers will resent the steps which
have been taken, and the result may be open revolt
against French aggression.
But while thc German workers may resent thc
French occupation of a part of the country owned
by thcir masters, thc crux of the situation will bc
reached when French troops clash with German
workers. That will bc thc signal for working class
action thc world over, and if the British workers
take the stand they should, then we may expect
some lively times. The class war will then take on a
new aspect, and may at last assume an international
aspect, as far as thc international working class is
Deported Labor Leader Is
Vindicatetd by
Denver.—Triumphantly vindicated.
William Z. Foster came back to Colorado, which had illegally deported
hinflast August, and was tho principal speaker at a mass meeting In the
Painters' hall, December 31, that
turned hundreds of people away.
No sooner had Gen. "Pat. Hamrock,
commanding 'he Colnmdo Rangers,
kidnaped Foster from the Oxford
hotel in Denver Aug. 6, than arrangements were begun by the American
Civil Liberties union to bill Foster at
a public protest meeting in Denver.
Roger N. Baldwin, director of the
union, carried on correspondence j
with Gov. Sboup, under whoso authority Hamrock held his job, and
finally after the November election,
Shoup climbed down. His policies
had been overwhelmingly repudiated
by the Colorado electors, who had
elected Wm. E. Sweet, Democrat, as
governor. Sweet had denounced Ham
rock's lawless rangers.
At the mass meeting which Foster
addressed, correspondence between
Shoup and Baldwin was read, showing that Shoup had tried to pass the
responsibility for the proposed meeting to Sweet. Sweet declared that he
was a private citizen until he should
take office Jan. 9, but that if his
opinion was wanted he was heartily
in favor of holding the meeting.
Militarism ls going to the dogs ln
Colorado. Hamrock, who flrst attained his notoriety by his savagery
during the Ludlow, massacre of miners in 1914, has resigned both from
the rangers and from the national
guard. He timed his resignation to
coincide with the public announce*!
ment of thc Foster meeting, which
was held under the joint auspices of
the American Civil Liberties union
and the Trade Union Educational
league. Other ranger and national
guard officers have also resigned and
somo troops have been disbanded
because there are no longer enough
officers to command them.
Foster was making a western trip
for the Trade Union Educational
league last summer and had held successful meetings in most of tho states
on his itinerary when his plans were
broken up by Hamrock's orders to
selzo him nnd carry him out of Colorado. Foster was held over night in
a jail without warrant and deported
by automobile to Wyoming, where a
locul sheriff continued the kidnaping,
dumping Foster six miles from a railway station nenr the Nebraska line.
"We consulted no law," was Ham-,
rock's subsequent boast. The election that forced his resignation followed in November.
►horribly bad," but had only his usual
answer to give, of inaction and ft hope
that the situation was going to improve. He was against the Inquiry
proposed by the men, and said a subsidy to improve wages out of the question.' r_-
The landed interests are strongly
represented in our present parliament.
The grievances of farmers as well as
those of agricultural laborers are involved. While the request of mem
bera representing the farm workers
that the wage boards should be restored was refused, on inquiry Into the
condition of agriculture has been
The assassination of the new Polish
president has led to a shifting of appointments by which Marshal Pilsud-
ski has once more become military
chief of Poland, and martial law in
Warsaw is ordered. In spite of democratic sympathies, Pllsudski is a
confirmed militarist.
In Moscow the disarmament conference has broken up without an
agreement being reached.
The rejection of tho old plan to invade the Ruhr, but the adoption by
the French chamber of the go less
dangerous alternative of "intensive
occupation" of the Rhlneland, will
wreck all hopes of American intervention, if persisted in. So will Great
Britain's Insensate hatred of the
"Hun," ag still shown in the press.
Parliament dissolved last weeki
amid protests, led by George Lansbury, at Its adjournment until February, while tho unemployed situation
was scarcely touched by the relief
measures voted. The Labor mem
bers, moved by distress, known to
them as to no othor party in the
House, andalso by the indifference of
many members on government
benches to the representations, kept
up a running firo of interruptions with
the determination to obstruct parliamentary businoss until the crying
grievances of unemployment and bad
housing should be dealt with effectively—the tactics of the old Irish
Party In fact.
It is significant of the effect already
made on the country by the debut of
the official opposition in the House of
Commons that these tactics should
have been so lightly condemned either
insido ' or outside parliament. More
serious newspapers have talked—as
they would be expected to talk; and
Tories in the House have tried to howl
down the opposition.
Fascism here and abroad is sufficiently strong to remain a danger ln
face of Labor minorities. That it is
spreading outside Italy, where Mussolini has just been given even fuller
powers than bofore by a trembling
cabinet and a Jubilant middle class, is
evident. That Lord Curzon enjoys
"shaking hands with murder" when
the despot whose position rests upon
force Is the protector of middle class
interests and not of Russian.workers,
ls also evident.
And the welcome tha a black-shir-
tod corps to control British workers
would have from the middle classes
ln this country may be guessed from
the attack made once more upon Labor's political funds by the National
Unionist Association. Here a resolution was adopted with acclamation,
expressing satisfaction that the government intended to institute an inquiry Into the workings of that clause
of the trade union act, 1913, (which {
ullows trade unions to put an assess- j
ment on their members for political]
purposes, unless they contract out)
with a view to its amendrhent.
A bill to amend thia clause and
render it Ineffective was withdrawn
In the late parliament, owing to Labor
indignation; and Premier Bonar Law,
when seeking the votes of workingmen
at the late election, promised that nothing should be done in this direction
without consulting both trade unionists and employers. The association
that represents his policy and controls
his party funds had given him his
marching orders, and Labor Is on the
At the Orpheum
Liko Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Sir
Oliver Lodge and numerous other distinguished occult scientists, whose
discoveries now are creeping Into the
daily newspapers, Don Alfonso de Zo-
laya, concert pianist, who Is at the
Orpheum theatre this week, declares
he sees* and holds conversation daily
with spirits of dear ones who have
passed into the great beyond.
So much Interest in his presence
has been generated here that several
local societies and individuals, interested in the process of thought transference with spirits of the dead, have
arranged with de Zolaya for talks during his Orpheum engagement.
Since his arrival in this city, Zolaya
asserts ho hus held a conversation
with his brother, who died three years
ago. The nature of this conversation
was of such a personal nature that the
pianist declined to divulge Its portent,
but he acknowledged that tho subject
hinged on the rocont succession of
their cousin, Julio Ernesto Zelaya, to
the presidential chair of Guatemala.
Itogardod as an authority on psychic
subjects, the pianist declared that the
radio is making a proven success of
"Radio annihilates space," he said,
'Both lho radio Instrument and the
human thought have a wave length.
By the explanation of radio, we understand tho process by which thought-
transference ls made with those who
havo passed ffom this life.
"Such conversation has been absolutely proven. I have talked with Sir
Arthur Conan Doylo and other author-
Basket Social and Dance
Under the auspices of the Society for Technical Aid
for Soviet Busaia
CLINTON HALL, Clinton and Pender Sts.
ADMISSION:  GENTS. 50 Cents;  LADIES 25 Cents
Ladies with baskets admitted free
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and Closes at 6 p.m.
Dainty Undergarments
Very Attractively Priced
MULL or Cotton Nightgowns in slipover style,
with square, V or round neck effects, trimmed
with hemstitching and blue binding and finished
with shirring in front; flesh or white, at $1.00.'
Step-ins of fancy cotton crepe with elastic at waist
and finished with narrow silk braid. Colors of
mauve, blue, flesh or peach, at $1.95. Chemise to
match at $1.95.
Mull Chemise in flesh, mauve or peach. Mado with
opera top and finished in front with hand-embroidery of contrasting colors, at $1.95. Knickers to
match at $1.95.
Sateen Knickers with elastic nt waist and knee and finished with narrow hemstitched frill; mauve, -flesh, white or
black, at VI .95.
Mercerized Cotton Chemise, in attractive stripe effects,
finished with narrow binding of contrasting color, at $1.05.
Also Knickers to match at $1.95,
575 Granville Street
Phone Sey. 3540
lties wherever I have travelled, and
the remarkable similarity of their discoveries shows beyond a doubt tho
truth of their theories. Death has
been shorn of its terrors. It merely is
a lifting of the veil by which we pass
on to other planes. Seven such future
planes have been discovered. We be
lieve there are more, but as yet no
mortal has ascended that far with his
thought communication."
Four Nighti and Thrii M_tl-on
ZELAYA—M-ilc,  Wit,  PhUoiopbT
Matt: Ke to tie; M|_H: _So to |1
Twice -tally, 1:10 ud 1:10
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
101-408 Metnpolitu Building
837 Button St. W. VANCOUVEB, B. O.
Telephones: Seymour 6666 ud 6667
January Sale
Now On
Suits, Coats, Dresses,
Skirts at tremendous
Famous £-«ET
623 HASTINOS ST.. Noar OruTUIe
Ring np Phone Sermonr 2354
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit*   801   Dominion   Building
Kindling Free
1X60 Georgia Street
Sunday services, 11 ».m. and 7:80 p.m.
Sundty ichool Immediately following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Freo reading room.
801-903 Birks Bldg.
Drugless Healing
Downie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
During tlie month of Decembor nnil January all examinations will ba
Barclay Stroot, Vancouvor, B, O.
Jan. 2nd, 1023.
To Dr. Downie.
Dear Dr.: It Ib now eight montha
(since you treated me, and I havo
nevor had a recurrence of tho rheumatism since. Ab for my stomach, I
don't know it la there. It is nuch a
ploasuro to say this after having tried
bo many othor things and always
without results. Your painless me*
thoda of treatment should be mora
widely known, and I am euro if they
wore, many who now suffer would bo
greatly benefited.
With kind regards, eto., yours rery
MRS. E. L, W .
B. F. Harriion S. A. Perry
Phono Falnnont 68
nnd Non-alcoholic nine* of aB
Cigar Store
Satisfactory Telephone Service
TELEPHONE sorvice embraces a variety of operations; the installation of
tclophonoB and changes in location; tele*
phone oporating; maintenance of central
offloe equipment ,outsIdo plant and tele-
phono apparatus; accurate and up-to-date
directory listings; billing; collecting and
numorous other things thnt must be done
to give servico that will bo complete and
Notwithstanding our aim to givo the
highest possible standard ef sorvico, wo
realize that at times difficulties will arise.
Usually they aro quickly remedied. But
defects occur at times, which, In spite of
watchfulness, are not immediately detected.
Two Sbort Worda, Bridging the Gulf Between
Bate roa protected jtmTt.lt tnd yoar ftmlly igalntt iaoh in emerg eney,
with • SAVINGS ACCOUNT— lho molt nimble Anot _ mu m tare tor
the "RAINY DAT."
We STRONOLT RECOMMEND yen to ll-tt inch en .cconU AT ONOE,
At ooi of onr Oltr Brinehn,
HASTINOS tod SBT9IOOB Olo. 8. Hirrlion, Minifer
CordoTA ud Abbott Mlln Md 25th ATI. Mils tad LMldwiy
Union Bank of Canada
P.S.—If you aro living In a community not provided with Banking facilities, address us by mail, and we will be glad to guide you ln respect to "Banking by Mall," (FRIDAY...,., ...January 12, 1921
fifteenth year, no. 2 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
PEOPLE with improperly selected artificial teeth often
appear to have large mouths and the teeth are disagree-
"ably prominent. The reason for this, is that the color
of the teeth is out of harmony-with the face. They have that
ghastly white effect which makes one think of dead' things.
The first principle used in making my "EXPRESSION-
PLATES" is to select colors which harmonize with the complexion of the patient. The effect is very pleasing, as the
teeth are inconspicuous and the mouth appears small. I am
always glad to demonstrate these faats to interested persons
without obligation on their part.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Corner Seymour
Open Tuesday mid Friday Evenings, also Wednesday
and Saturday Afternoons
DR. BRETT ANDERSON, formerly member of tho Fsculty of the College
of Dentistry, University of Southern Oallforlns, Lecturer on Grown and
Bridgework, Demonstrator In Platework and Operative Dentistry, Local and
Oeneral Anaesthesia.
Loggers to Co-operate with All Labor Bodies—
Convention Finishes Busy Session
HPHE convention completed Its work' 'slogans ln accordance with the deci-
■*■   nn   'Phllrof-ii v   i-t_rl*it     lin_.'nir   lio fin    In     _i __,   it...      _.'_._	
Vancouver Unions
Council—Preildent, B. H. KeeUndi,
M.L.A.; lenenl leereUrr, P«cy B. Ben-
Md. 0«o_! BOS, _1_ testier St. W.
Phone Ser. 7*95. MeeU In Ubor Hall «t
0 pm. on Vs. Int ud third Tueid»y_
tn month. ,	
oil—MeeU aecond Monday In tno
month. Preildent, J. B. White; leero-
t»ry, B. H. Meelondi. P. 0. Box 6«,
MeeU ucond Thuwd-T ..men month,
>19 Pender Bt. W. ProlUent, J. Bright-
weolli Snonclal iecretary, H. A. Bowro*.
3849 Burna St. ,
tional Onion of Amorica—Local  180,
Vancouver, B.C., meets iccond and fourth
Tneidayi ln eaoh month in Boom 818, 819
Pender Street Weit.    Preildent,  0. E.
Borrett, 71 Haatlnje St. E.     Socretary,
i A. B. J»ni, 820 Oambla SI.   Shop stun
Soy. 8708. Bealdence phone. Pout. 8171B.
Bollermakeri,   Iron   Shiphnllderi   ind
. Helpen of America, Local 191—Meetlugl
Int and third Mondaya In each month.
Preildent, P. Willie s aeoretary. A. Truer.
1 Office:    Boom 808—819 Pender St. W.
J Office houra, » to 11 a.m. and 3 to 5 p.m.
I    need brloklayen or maioni for boner
I worki,   etc.,   or  marble   letter*,   phone
J Brlehlayon' OnUn, Ubor Tomplo.
I    ponton ud Jolnen, Looal OOOr—rnu-
I dent, Wm. Dunn;    recording   »«»<«»•
1 Om" Snell; builneia agent, Oeo. H. Hardr.
I Offlee:   Boom 804, 819  Pander  ft. W.
1 Meeta aecond ud fourth Mondaya, 8 p.m.,
I Boom 8, »19 Pender Bt, W. .
Int and third Prldayl in each month,
•t 148 Cordora St. W. PrHldrat. J-
While, 8405 Pender Bt. E.i |*eretmj
Treuurer, Oeo. Harriion, 1885 Woodlud
Drive. __ _. .
I dova Bt. W;—Educational _»•«_»•
| every Sunday evening, 8 o'clock. Bull-
i nen meetlngi overy WedneidayLevening.
I B. P. Pettlpleoe, chiirman; E. H. Morn-
I ion, aectreai.; 1. Bennett, correipondlng
L aeeretary. .	
l Preildent, M. MoDonald, No. 1 Flre-
[hall;   Secretary,   0.   It,   tt.tson, No. 8
j firehall. . .
I Onion, Looal 28—441 Seymour Street.
I Meeta flrat and third Wedneidaya at 2.80
i p.ra. Second and fourth Wedneadaya at
I 8.80 p.m. Exeoutlve board meeto every
L Tueaday at 8 p4n. Preaident W. Colinar.
} Bualneaa agent, A. Oraham.   Phone Sey.
1 1681. .	
[ trial union of all worken In log-
a glng and conatructlon campa. Coast Dis-
I trlct and Oenqrol Hoaduuarton, 01 Cor-
I dova Bt. W.j Vuconver, B. 0. Phono Bey.
|786«. 3. M. Clarke, general loorotary-
I treaaurer; legal advlaera. Meaara. .Bira,
■ Macdonald A Co., Vancouver, B. Ci audi-
■ton, Meaara. Buttar a.  Chiene. Vancou-
Tver. B. 0.	
l Ed. Dawaon; leereUry, B. Hint; bull-
keai agent, P. B. Bongough. OUIce: 809,
*19 Pender St W. Meeta In Boom 8,
B19 Pender St. W., on aecond and fourth
Tueaday In month. ,	
, Loo George; iecretary, J. G. Keefe;
r»alneai agent, P. B. Bongough. Mice:
bog, 819 Pender St. W. Meeta In Boom
BIS, 819 Pender St. W. on Int and third
tThnndaya tn month.
raton and Paperhangera of America,
__ocal 188, Vanoouver—Meeta 2nd and
■ith Thundaya al 148 Oordova Bt. W.
■Phone Sey. 8491.  Bnalneu agent, B. A.
1 Barker. ,
el Dock Bullderi, Looal No. 2404—Meeta
lln Labor Hall, 819 Pender St. W„ every
■2nd and 4th Friday at 8 p.m. Jaa. Thomp-
Tton. Financial Secretary.         ,
f 136 Cordova St. W., P. 0. Box 671.
Phono Sey. 8708. Meetinga every Mon-
Bay 7 p.m. P. Hoekaday. Bualneaa Agent.
B. C.—Formerly Firemen and Ollera
llnion of Britlah Columbia—Meoting
lights, flrat Tuesday and third Friday of
I-ch month at 318 Cordova W. Prosldent,
f. Thom; vice-president, B. Morgan;
Aoretary-trcasurer, W. Donaldaon. Ad-
Ireaa, 813 Cordova St. W., Vancouver,
1,0. Victoria Branch Agent's address, W.
f rancla, 687 Johnson St., Victoria. B.O.
i Operating Etiglnoera, Looal 844, meets
Aery Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 807
■abor Temple. SooretBryTrcaauror, N.
■reen, 063 Hornby St. Phone Soy. 7048R.
Recording Secretary, J. B. Campbell, 303
first Streot, North Vancouver.	
< Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
-Moeta K. P. Hall, 8th and Klngsway,
Rat and Srd Mondaya at 10:15 a.m. and 7
\.m. Preaident, 7. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarko
Drive; recording-secretary, F, E. Griffin,
J_47—6th Avonue Eaat; treaaurer, A. F.
Undrew; financial-accrete-y and bull-
Sets agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4908 Dum-
Iriea Street; offlee, corner Prior and Main
Tits. PhonB Fair. 8604B.
I America, Local No. 178—Meetinga held
lirst Monday in each month, 8 p.m. Pros-
■dont, A. R- Gatenby; vlce-prealdent, Mn.
polk; recording iecretary, 0. MoDonald,
p. 0. Box 608;   flnanolal   aeoretary, P.
'McNelah, P. 0. Box 608.	
I Soviet Russia, Vanoouver branch, moeta
Ilrst and third Sundaya each month, 2
B.m., at 61 Oordova St. W. For Information write to branoh secretary, S.T.A.S.B.,
Tl Cordova St. W„ Vanconver, B. 0.
President, Wm. Skinner; vlce-prealdent,
V. Tucker; seoretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands. P. 0. Box 68. Meet! lut
Innday of eich month at 8 p.m.	
^ No. 837—Prosldent J. J. Begg, vice-
.resident, It- J. Stewart; aecretary-treaa-
Iror, L. 0. Gilbert, P. 0. Box 476, Na-
lalmo, B. 0.
■Where is your Union button?
"A Good Pluce to Eat"
Tlie greatest assistance that the
readers of The Federatlonist can render us at this time, Is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so you
spread the news of the working clafcs
movement and assist us.
Rock Island, 111,—Approximately
80 per cent, of the freight cars passing through this town on the Rock
Island lines are the property of other
roads, according to count made by
the federated shop crafts of the Silvia
ahqps. The refusal of the Rock Island
to settle with Its men has brought its
equipment down to the lowest ebb in
Us history. Full crews of strikebreakers in the shops are unable to
turn out the repairs normally needed
to keep locomotives and cars ln condition to withstand traffic demands.
New York.—Soviet Russia Pictorial, a 16-page illustrated monthly,
successor to the brilliant magazine
formerly edited by Jacob Hartman,
has made Us appearance with the
January number. The numerous Illustrations show up remarkably on
the good paper used. Eugene Lyons,
who was Instrumental in directing
public attention to the Sacco-VanzetU
murder case, Is the editor, It is published at 201 \V. 13th St., at $2 a year.
Every reader of The Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
they are due* and by Inducing another
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much effort to do thts.   Try It.
on Thursday night, having been in
session for two days.
After the various communications to
the convention had been read and
dealt with, the report and recommendations of the executive were taken up
for consideration.
The report in part dealt with the
activities of the organizers who visited
the camps on Vancouver Island. It
was pointed out that a good deal of
successful organization work had been
accomplished in these camps through
the work done by the organizers. Later ln the year, efforts had been made
to secure a gas boat for the purpose
of travelling among the camps up the
Coast, but this had been found Impossible, owing to the enormous cost.
The oxecutive recommended that
the following be adopted as the policy
to be pursued by the organization:
"The policy of the Coast branch
shall be to co-operate with all such
Labor bodies as may be helpful in advancing our interests as lumber workers, particularly in the carrying on of
a relentless flght against our common
exploiters or the ultimate overthrow
of capitalism and the inauguration of
working class ownership and control
of industry."
This recommendation was unanimously adopted.
The executive also recommended
that immediately after the close of the
convention, a class be formed, composed of the camp delegates and active members who are in town, this
class to devote its time to a study of
organization. It is hoped that the
knowledge gained by this clasB will
enable all camp delegates and active
members to work from a common basis. An attempt will be made to arrive at a correct understanding of
what organization really means. The
necessary machinery and working
parts of an organization will be explained, as will also the policy, aims
and objects of this union, thus enabling all camp delegates and active
members to be in full accord when explaining the organization, it's principles and objects to new or prospective
members. The recommendation to
form this class was adopted, and the
class will hold its second meeting on
Friday night.
Another recommendation of the executive was the adoption of some definite objective for the organization to
concentrate Its activities upon during
the ensuing year. A very lengthy discussion took place on this question,
and numerous and varied suggestions
were put forward as to what this par
tlcular objective should be. It was
finally decided that the main things to
concentrate on should be 100 per cent,
organization, the abolition of the
blacklist, no more blanket carrying,
and the six-hour day. The executive
was Instructed to  formulate definite
sion of the convention.
The secretary was instructed to issue a monthly report to all camp delegates. This report to contain news
items regarding activity in the various camps, what progress was being
made, etc. All delegates will be asked
to send in each month a report of all
such general activity as may be taking
place In the camp they are working in.
A very lengthy discussion took place
on the contract or "bushel work" system. Various delegates pointed out
the baneful effects that this system
was producing. It was finally decided
that the executive and secretary be instructed to get out a pamphlet dealing
with this question, and the evils resultant from contract work.
AU members will be expected to
bring in at least one new member before the year Is out, the convention
adopting a motion to this effect.
Another successful mass meeting
was held last Sunday in the Lumber
Workers' Hall. A large number of
loggers were present at the meeting,
and a lively discussion took place after
the speaker, Fellow Worker Boult,
had completed his address. During
the course of his remarks, the speaker
emphasized the need of the workers
being organized In order to combat
the master class successfully. He ap
pealed for the members at large to
back up the camp delegate, and others
who were fighting for them, and
poilnted out that the Lnbor movement
was a place for red-blooded men, for
men who were fighters, and who had
the courage of their convictions; but
it was no place for the coward who
was afraid.
Several new mombers joined up
after the meeting had concluded.
Martyrs to the Revolution
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tBy O. Carlson In the Young Worker]'
"DACK ln the days when this country
■" was agitated by the propaganda
of the Abolitionists, and at a time
when the sentiment for freeing the
chattel slaves had not yet become
popular, Jams Russell Lowoll wrote
a stirring poem on Freedom, the last
verse of which reads:
They are slaves who fear to speak
For the fallen and the weak;
They are slaves who will not choose
Hatred, scoffing and abuse,
Rather than in silence shrink
From the truth they needs must think,
They are slaves who dare not be
In the right with two or three.
The applicability of this verse to
the present time need not bo dwelt
upon; it Ib obvious. The fact remains,
however, that many, many of us fear
to stand in the forefront of an unpopular cause. -Just now there is nothing worse than being a revolutionist, It requires backbone and grit to
espouse the cause of the working class.
But during the stormy days of the
wd*r it was even worse. Of the many
thousands of class-conscious workers,
but a handful were ready to sacrifice
themselves when the war-hysteria was
rampant. Of them, there are many
still In jail. Most radicals preferred
to keep their opinions to themselves
when It was too dangerous to speak.
This was true, not only in America,
but everywhere.
Of these who were not afraid to
champion the cause of the proletariat
during the dark days, none can compare with Karl Liebknecht and Bosa
Luxemburg, These two were univer*
sally bated and loved more than any
other two people In the world at that
time. The work which they did in
helping to break down German militarism and International capitalism
cannot be over-estimated.
Four years ago (January 5, 1919)
these two dauntless leaders of the
Gorman proletariat were foully murdered—murdered by the upholders of
Junkerdom, under the protection of
"Social Democrats." Four years ago,
these two staunch nnd fearless spokesmen of the oppressed were ruthlessly
assassinated. Four years ago there
perished two of the bravest and best
champions of working class emancipation that the world has ever known.
When Keir Hardie died at the outbreak of the war, a veteran Socialist
was lost. But Kler Htirdio was,
best, a reform Socialist. Though he
waged a long and bitter flght ngainst
the forces of English imperialism,
nevertheless his opposition was in no
way so great nor his attitude as uncompromising as was that of a Liebknecht.
When Jean Jaures, that remarkable
French Socinlist and orntor, was killed by some hysterical patriot at the
very beginning of the world conflict,
Ve knew that a great loss had been
sustained. But Jaures was essentially
a paciflst, not a revolutionist. His
reformist position had been obvious
for more than a decade. Ho had
championed the entry of Socialists
Into a capitalist class ministry as early as 1900. When we bear these facts
In mind—and when we remember how
Herve, the greatest of all French pacifists became an ardent supporter of
war—we know thut the loss was not
so great. In fact, we nre glad that he
did not live long enough to become
a social traitor like Millerand and Albert Thomas and Guesde (his old associates).
But when brave Liebknecht and
dauntless Rosa Luxemburg fell, then
we knew that a tremendous blow had
been struck against us. During those
critical daya In 1919 thc German workers were more and more heeding the
clarion call of tho Communists to
overthrow tbe psuodo-Sodaliat republic that had been established. Every
day that wont by was throwing larger
and over larger tnnsHe.s of thc discontented proletariat into the ranks of
the revolutionists— whoso leaders wcro
Liobknecht, Luxemburg. Mehring,
Zetkin nnd .Togihea.
The first outbreak In January failed.
The Spartacans (Communists) were
not well enough propnrodi but thny
wero confident of their success In the
next outbreak. So wcro tho Noskes,
the Eberts, tho Schledemanns. 'the
Stlnneses, hence soclal-tntltors, capitalists and Junkers decided that thero
was but one remedy: To strike down
tho two foremost leaders of the revolutionary movement, thus breaking the
morale of their followers. This was
done. Truo enough, tho blow was so
great thnt tho workers were unable to
renssemblo their forces al onco. Of
tho entiro leadership, only Klara Zetkin remained alive, for Joglhcs, too,
waa murdered In prison, while old
Franz Mehring, unablo to stand up
under tho stress and strain, died at his
homo almost immediately after these
foul deeds had been perpetrated,
In each and ull of these, we, tho
young, lost our best friends and sponsors. Liobknecht had been among the
very first to urge tho organisation ofl
the young workers both nationally and
Internationally. He it was who holped
formulate their programmes and do-
viso tactics for winning over new
masses of youth, ond for breaking
down the Ideology nf capitalism, so
firmly plnntod in their minds. Ho lt
was who gave tho impetus to tho nntl-
mllltary agitation tlmt was undertaken
by tho Young Workers leagues of
Europe.    He It was, who wont to tbo
Vouth when social democratic parties
had been whirled into the maelstrom
of war and nationalism, to begin a
new, a truly revolutionary, an internationalist party.
Karl Llebicnecht's career was e
brilliant and stormy one from the
time he left the university and threw
himself into the work of the revolution, His book, "Militarism and Anti
Militarism" caused a sensation ln Qer-
many. The government ordered it
suppressed and Liebknecht was given
a Jail sentence. Later, as a member
of the Prussian Landtag, he waB the
most uotspokon antagonist that the
capitalists had. When he waa elected
to the Reichstag from Potsdam, the
home of the Kaiser and his satellles,
the enthusiasm of the workers knew
no bounds. He used every opportunity to show up the sham, the deceit,
and the brutality of the capitalist system. He had no faith in bourgeois
democracy, but maintained that It
must bo overthrown before the
masses could hope to live a life worth
while. During the days of the war,
Llebknecht's voice was the one clear
call to the workers to ceaso the
slaughter and to turn their guns
against their oppressors.
"I have offered resistance to the
capitalistic government of Germany in
order that an end be put to Its destructive campaign against the masses of
the people. I have revolted against
ruling classes of Germany in order
that the people may be saved by
wrenching it out of their predatory
grasp. I have torn the mask from
the imperialists, the would-be benefactors of the people, bo the people
may see who are their real enemies,
and free themselves from them. I
fight the governments and ruling
class of all countries," such are the
words of Liebknecht.
There is no space to deal here with
the remarkable work that Liebknecht
performed for the working class. And
Rosa Luxemburg too, despite prison
sentences, despite persecution, despite
the lies und slander that was spread
by yellow Socialist and bourgeoise
press alike, continued to do heroic
work for the cause of the downtrodden
and exploited masses. Her keen logical mind and her impassioned speeches
were wonderful stimulants to the discouraged workers, and were equally
feared by the Social Democrats and
Leo Jogihes, the great organizer,
and Franz Mehring, the foremost journalist and theoretician in the revolutionary movement of Germany, were
uble collaborators with the two others
In building up the organization and
the revolutionary understanding and
spirit with which they hoped to do
away with master class rule for all
times to come.
Liebknecht, Luxemburg, Mehring
and Joglbcs perished in tho struggle
for working class emancipation. With
these valient lighters out of the way,
the imperialists and their supporters
breathed more freely. Now to tho
task of exploiting the masses moro
ruthlessly than ever before. The revolutionary leadership wns dead. But
its death did not mean tbat the revolutionary movement was doud. It had
merely recoived a set-back.
Today—lour yoars after the murder
of those comrades of ours—the hour
is almost at hand when their death
will be avenged. Not their death
alone, but the death of all who have
bad to perish on battlefields or in
workshops in the Interest of the ruling, exploiting class. Tho army of
the revolutionary workers Is daily
growing larger and larger. Out of Its
ranks are arising new Uobknechls.
new Luxemburgs, new Mehrings, new
Joglbes, ready and anxious to load In
the combat.
Tho cluss wur goes on with ever
greater fury, It rages In Orient and
Occident alike. While the older lighters fall by tbe wayside or are swept
into tbo ranks of tho enemy, our ranks
are boing filled with young blood.
Youth, with ils ardor and enthusiasm,
Is joining in the light; it is rallying to
our banner—tbe banner of tlie workers. Little by littlo wo are winning,
thanks to the good work of such pioneers us Liebknecht and Luxemburg.
Wo are marching on to a new dny.
Already wo see tho rising sun. Russia has shown tbo way. And as we
go forth, fighting for the abolition of
wago slavery, of masters and slaves, of
ignorance, of religious bigotry, of nationalism—let us ever bear In mind
that "The Futuro Belongs to the
January Clearance
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THE Milk Salesmen and Dairy Employees' Union
has no interest in the present disagreement
among the Milk Distributors of this city, except insofar as it affects the wages and working conditions
of their members, neither is it our intention to boycott any firm. However, the following firms are
paying wages and giving conditions satisfactory to
organized labor, and have signed agreements covering same:
On the other hand, the following firms have
REDUCED the wages from 10 to 30 per cent., and
one firm is working their employees seven days a
We would therefore ask you to insist that the
firm you purchase your milk from is not using the
present disagreement as a basis to take more profits
out of the hides of their employees.
So as to be on the safe side, insist on your Salesman showiwng you his monthly union button for the
CURRENT month.
fifteenth ybar. no. _ BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. o.
FRIDAY January 12, 1928
Made up in the style and color you desire, for
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*******      *******    ******     ******
"Comparative Anatomy and the Blood Test"
Hardy, G. H.
Endorsed by central labor body
Saturday, Jan. 13th, 1923
Final rally, Carleton Hall, Col-
lliiffwood East, Klngtmuy and Joyce
Hoad, Friday, 12th, at 8 p.in;
Last Thursday concluded the material evidence of man's descent from
the lower forma of life, and this was
the fourth Illustrated address on the
subject, and any of these contained
more prof of evolution than all the
ancient arid modern world could supply in support of "Special Creation."
Dr. Curry showed how thla was inevitable, since the microscope was an
invention of the 17th century, and it
was not until 183d that Schann published his great work in which was
presented for Ithe flrst time the "Cell
Theory" on which modern biology and
evolution rest.
Man, unaided with Instruments,
such as telescopes and microscopes,
may philosophize, may even reason
from analogy, but they could have no
scientific basis regarding planets, or
suns, or the existence of the germ
life, or tho structure of organized
It was not until 1836 that the mo
thod by which the blood circulated in
the human system was discovered by
Harvey. For ages the "heart" was
considered the scat of mind and mor
als, while the male sex "had a rib
short," as it was removed by Jehovah,
in order to make "woman." Probably
the similarity of anatomical structure
between the ape and man afforded
conclusive proof in the opinion of last
Thursday's audience that man, and
the lower animals are alike children
of the same ancient ancestors, and
that the vast variety of forms, and attributes of life have resulted from differences in environment.
The speaker declared that evolution
contained threats, as well as promises.
Under certain conditions the result is
degeneration, and death, and the fossil remains of extinct races are grim
records of failure. The way down is,
after all, the easy grade; it is "the
broad road which leads to destruction," not only lnnuemrable races of
animals, struggled upward for'ages,
only to go down to extinction, but this
has been the fate also of the king of
creation, even man. The earth is
strewn with ruins of civilizations,
which struggled upward, and then
Today this modern civilization is
disintegrating if not dying, not because of cosmic forces, but from social forces, which have been unloosed
by science, and are now controlled by
our modern rulers, who represent not
the good of mankind, but rather blind
greed, and who are, in fact, the powers of darkness and death.
But the speaker believed that while
these blind rulers will destroy millions, their action is developing new
forces, which will in time destroy
them, and that today powers making
in evolution apd progress are stronger
than the powers of destruction.
Tlie Pictures Shown
Among the mnny interesting illustrations shown on the screen were
from "Hackers Evolution of Man,"
and "Dennis Hurd's Picture Book of
Ordinarily we see little or no resemblance between a man and a horse,
yet here was a picture of these two
Enjoy Life While You Live
MAN wants little here below—ex-
cept when it comes to the matter
of eating, and then he wants plenty
of it, and of the best quality too—at
the lowest prices.
Every wife knows that Cal-Van
fills the bill in every particular.
Always fresh, pure and wholesome.
Vertibrates which science tells us are
blood relatives. The fossil remains
show the horse at the bottom strata
of the Tertiary syBtem a flve-toed animal, the size of a fox. ThiB was about
two million years ago, and the geological records show that man and
the horse, and mammals in general,
are all descendants of the mammal-
shaped reptile, from in the Trlassic
strata, estimated to be at least ten
million years old.
But it was also shown that the boney
structure of man, and the horse are
built on the same plan, and that their
organs are similar; man and the ape
walk on their feet, the horse walks on
the big toe of each foot, and the hoof
ls but the enlarged toe-nail. Cloven-
foot animals walk on two toes, while
dogs, cats, etc., on four toes; yet science tells us that men, apes and the
ommon animals around all came from
the flve-toed nmphibian of the "carboniferous" period, which in turn
evolved from fish.
Perhaps thc most striking illustrations demonstrating our monkey-relationship were comparisons of the an-
tripoid apes and man. Here was
"Huxley's group," consisting of the
skeletons of the gorilla, the chimpanzee, orang and a gibbon, and to know
thli anatomy and physiology of one,
was to know them all. Their boney
frames, and internal organisms are
similar, their mode of reproduction is
the same, even to what Hackel terms
"the elaborate and special mode" by
which the embryos are attached to
their mothers.
Huxley1-*  Law Demonstrated by thc
Blood Test
Professor Huxley, --•whom Hackel
terms "Britain's greatest zoologist,"
declared that "the difference in construction of any part of the body ls
less between man, and the anthropoid
ape and man than between the anthropoid ape, and tho lower ape."
This is also proved by the blood test.
Hackel says: "The experiments of
Hans Friedenthal, of Berlin, have
shown that human blood mixed with
blood of the lower ape has a poisonous effect on the latter, the serum of
the one destroy the blood cells of the
latter, but this does not happen when
human blood is mixed with that of the
anthropoid  ape."
We know that from other expert-
London, G.B.—Unemployment beneAt haa Increased from £2,310,000 ln
1020, to £44,000,000 in 1922.
Mine   Owners   of   Herrin
Brought on Civil
Marion Policeman Describes
Arsenal  at
Marion, 111.—For ?7000 a day, which
he expected lo realize as profits from
operating the Herrin strip mine with
gunmen during the coal striko, Wm.
J. Lester, Cleveland capitalist, let
loose the lawlessness and terror that
brought death to three unarmed union
miners and brought on the bloodshed
that cost thc lives of 20 of his own
strike-breakers and guards.
This was gleaned from testimony
by defense witnesses ""In tho trial of
Clark, Grace, Carnaghl, Mann and
Hitler, union minors indicted for tlie
murder on June 22. 1!!22, of Howard
Hoffman, one of Lester's men.
Almost two score witnesses have
told the Jury of the ruffianly conduct
and reckless shooting of the mine
guards before tho riot commenced.
Several witnesses told of machino gun
firo coming from tho mine.
Three testified that they were fired
on from tho mine after a flag of truce
had been hoisted. Two of them were
not positive as to details but the third,
Fines Grain, was certnin that bullets
from under the white flag had struck
near whero lie was standing. Machine
gun cartridges, introduced as evidence,
woro objocted to by the prosecution,
which succeeded In having Judge
Hartwell decide to make a special rut
ing on them later,
A Marlon policeman, who accompanied Col. Samuel M. Hunter, Illinois
National Guard, to the mlno threo
days beforc thc union miners .were
killed, desorlbed tho arsenal maintained by C. K. McDowell, mine superintendent in tho stockade. Hunter,
who later stated that Lester ought to
head tho list of Indicted men us boing
chiefly responsible for the killings,
had gone to persuade Lester and McDowell to shut down the mine In ordoi
to avoid bloodshed. "I'll bo damned
If I will," Lester replied to Hunfcr'
McDowell, who was killed on the
march to Herrin from the mine, had
26 rifles, i-000 Edison grenades and ho
had ordered machino gun ammunition,
Wm. A, Thornton, tho Marlon polico-
nian, testified McDowell told him. He
saw somo of the weapons, but not all.
McDowell told Hunter and Thornton
lhat he was thero to run tho mine regardless of the law and regardless of
tho rights of the poople of Williamson county.
Witnesses proving alibis for the five
men on trial will he put on the standi
next, it is expected. I
Moncton, N.B.—The workers in
the railway shops of Moncton were
faced with an enforced "lay-oft" between Christmas and New Years, and
entered a vigorous protest to Labor
membera of parliament. It was declared that there is much discrepancy
between the wages paid to the President of the Railway Board and the
men who man the railroads of the*
country. The big chief's wages go
on whether he works or not. But the
wage slaves on the railroads have to
"lay, off" a few weeks at Christmas
time to help pay the big salaries.
Montreal.—The Montreal 'Trades
and Labor council has adopted a
resolution denouncing as a blow
against free speech the motion now
before the city council which would
make any one speaking in the public streets liable to arrest.
The Trades Council, in a formal
letter to the City Clerk, expresses the
hope that enough of the spirit of
Justice remains in the city administration not to fear the activity of
those who are attempting to address
the public on vital questions.
Los Angeles.—Christmas night religious people here observed a very
bright star in tho heavens. Bill Sunday, who happened to be in the city,
was consumed. "It's the star of
Bethelem come again," said Billy.
"The prophecies of Revelations are
coming true."
Unkind astronomers then spoiled the
story by stating that the socalled star
was the planet Jupiter, which is always very bright in the early evening in the end of December, But
that didn't phaze Billy. When
science and religion disagree," he announced, "science ls always wrong."
ments that the mixture of two kinds
of blood is only possible without injury, in the case of two closely-related
animals. In this we have another
proof of the blood-relationship, in the
literal sense of the word of man, and
the, anthropoid ape."
Next Thursday the subject will be:
"Our Savage Survivals," in which it
will be shown that many of our instincts and mental tendencies are inherited from our distant ancestors.
YESTERDAY a lady whose little child of seven
years of age had suffered from tape worm for
two years, and who had spent endless sums of money
on old methods with no results, said her child was a
different child altogether
after taking 31 adjustments
with me extending over a
period of ten. weeks, and
had gained eleven pounds in
If your children are under
weight or dull, have them
207 Hastinga St. W. Phone Seymour 2098
—VOTE—     ,
Proposed by Mr. Rod Campbell, Sr., seconded by ex-Councillor
Capt. Stewart.
1. A thorough and careful study of taxation with an endeavor
to place it on a more jnst and equal basis, at the same time
endeavoring to reduce our millage.
2. To keep expenditure within revenue.
3. To effect a just settlement of our street lighting problem.
4. To secure a reduction of our house lighting rates.
5. To improve our transportation.
6. To reduce water rates.
7. To encourage industrial development of tho North Arm.
8. To have more system in the administration of your affairs,
consequently more efficiency.
424 Pender St. W. Phone Sey. 4002
-3 off Regular Prices
Ladles' Brown Calfskin Oxfords,
with welted soles and Cuban
heels; smart lasts and patterns,
ThlB Ig positively a $7.50 Oxford. On sale d»«J QC
at     *XVOeUO
Classic welted sole, beaver
brown calfskin Oxfords; medium
pointed toe. Our regular selling price $8.50. d»g« fiA
On sale at     *JpO»UU
Patent leather one-strap Slippers, with slide buckle or button; low heel. Very pretty
models; all sizes, fcC i\i\
Special value at <pO«UU
Gtiildren'a Shoo Specials —
About 100 pairs of child's
shoes in sizes from 4 to 10%.
Saturday only, on d»| AP
sale at    «P 1 eesO
Paris brand solid leather Dress
Shoes, in three shapes, round,
medium and pointed toes; brown
and black calfskin.
On sale at	
A splendid value in Men's Plain
Toe Welted Sole Boots; suitable
for light work boots, in black or
brown. On
sale at	
The best $5.00 value In Vancouver todny; genuine black
chrome  "Work  Boots,  with  two
full soles; nil solid
leather.  On sale at:
Boys' Husky School Boots, in
black, chrome and box calf; all
sizes from 1 to 5 %; solid
leather. On
sale at	
Ottawa, Can.—There was less disturbance of Canadian industry In November through disputes than there
was in October or November, 1921.
This statement Is bused on a report
made public in tho Labor Gazette,
published by the dominion department of labor. The number of
strikes in existence In November was
14, involving 2180 employes, and c
loss of 52,046 working days. Tht
record for October was 17 strikes
3229 employes, and 54,502 working
days lost, and for November, 1921
IS disputes, 3354 employes and 73,14.
working days lost.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
12 quarts for $1
THE Fraser Valley Milk Producers' Association announces
that it has acquired thc entire interest of Mr. Guy 0. Clark
in the Frnser Valley Dairies, Ltd.
As Mr. Clark was thc only stockholder in thc retail organization who was not a member of the Fraser Valley Milk
Producers' Association, thc purchase of his interests gives the
producers' organization sole control of the retail branch of
the business.
The Association also announces that arrangements have been
mnde whereby Mr. G. Q. Clark will remain with the Fraser
Valley Dairies as Manager of thc retail braneh of thc business.
The purchase above announced is another step in the
plans of the Fraser Valley Milk Producers' Association
for bringing the consumer in direct touoh with the producer.
The Fraser Valley Milk Producers' Association is a cooperative organization of 1800 persons, EVERY ONE OF
impossible for any person who is not a producer to acquire or hold stock in the association.
Under the new basis of control, every customer of
the Fraser Valley Dairies, whether in Vancouver,
North Vancouver, New Westminster, Burnaby,
Point Grey or other points covered by its deliveries,
will BE DEALING DIRECT WITH THE PRODUCER, a position which should be to the direct
benefit of the general public.
Direct from the producer to
the consumer. <J» *|
12 quarts for **P •**
Nothing Can Alter the Facts
Vancouver will have a cheap milk.
Vancouver will have a good milk.
Vancouver will have a sanitary milk.
Vancouver will have a milk second to none in
price, service and quality throughout the entire
Dominion of Canada.
Fraser Valley Milk Producers1


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