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British Columbia Federationist Jan 26, 1923

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Array ^NbusTBiAL unity: STEBN0TH •»        Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council winter national)        ♦PoumcAii raarrs vicw»t
Milk Salesmen Find   Employers' Promises Are
Not Stable
Local   Company Institutes
Seven-Hour Day for
Experience is the great teacher, and
in the city of Vancouver there are a
number of men who today are sadder
but wiser men as a result of their experiences with company unions and
At one timo those men were members of a real union, but their employer, a man named Baldcrston, who
ill tho head of the Valley Dairy Company Ltd., with promises of a raise in
wages to the extent of 15 per month,
Induced them to leave their organization and form a company union. At
that time tho men affected were told
that the agreement would be good for
at least a year, but employers' promises are like piecrust, made to be
broken when the occasion suits, and
within six months, the employes of
this Arm were called together and
kindly but (irmly Informed, that the
company must reduce wages or go out
of business.
Some of the men, remembering the
promises made when the company
union was formed, und still believing
in scraps of paper, quit rather than
accept the reduction. The others
stayed on In the hope that some day
at least the promises made would be
There was, however, still another
shock ln store for the faithful. The
president and secretary of tho "Company Union" were flred. They received no support from tho members
who had elected them, but the worst
blow was struck on the 18th of this
month, when the following notice was
"This Is to give notice that alLem-
ployees of this company' are discharged from our service on and
after January 26th. Wi shall be
re-engaging the majority of our
men, but have not yet decided who
we shall take on, so have to take
thta meana of giving the required
, _lotti»tiilli»-VjOAtAMB\V*^
that circumstances have made it absolutely necessary to take this step
In order that we may be able to
carry on our business.
"Signed, A. B. Balderston."
The company is now canvassing the
men to see who will work the cheapest, and at the same time stipulating
that all employees must work seven
daya a week. This company Is connected with the local Employers Association, which is in turn connected
with the American Chamber of Commerce, and a supporter of the American Plan; in other words, the open
shop and the freedom of the Individual
to work for whom and where he will
providing he cnn secure enough wages
to prevent his starving to death. In
the meantime, the experience gained
by the employees of the company referred to is sinking in and at some
date in the near future ,a realization
of whnt company unions mean will
come to these credulous workers who
thought that business concerns keep
their agreements with their employees.
Open Forum
The usual forum will be held on
Sunday, Jan. 28. at the W. P. Hall,
803 >f, Pender Street West, from 3 to
5 p. m. Mr. Farrington will speak on
the "Astronomical Origin of Ecclesiastical Christianity."
Masquerade Dance
The Society for Technical Aid for
Soviet Russia, will hold a masquerade
dance on February 8. in the Clinton
hall. Dancing 9 to 12. Admission,
gents, 50c; ladles, 25c.   Oood prises.
Jury Says Victims of Herrin Riots Are Not
Powers Backed by Employ*
ers Still Hold Men in
[By McAllister Coleman]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Marion, III.—All the Ave union
miners tried for the murder of Howard Hoffman are innocents, according:
to the jury of twelve farmers, some of
them former miners, who have listened to tho evidence since early last
November. The jurors deliberated 26
hours. The defence had been success'
ful In establishing alibis for the mon,
and   In   discrediting   the   state   wit
Canadian Pacific Railroad Workers Get MOSCOW DELEGATES LIEBKNECHT
of Commerce of 150,000 as a subsidy
to the State prosecutor against the
union miners were elements In the
case that tended to give lt an aspect
of persecution of union labor by the
big employing Interests ln the State.
The next trial in the Herrin affair
Is to be for the murder of John Shoemaker, assistant to Supt. C. K. McDowell,
F. L. P. MMeetlng Sunday
The speaker at the Federated Labor
Party meeting on Sunday night will
be addressed by Mrs. T. A. Barnard.
Mrs. J. A. Clark will occupy the chair.
On Saturday night, the usual social
evening will be held. There will be a
concert, and later ln the evening dancing will be Indulged In. All friends
and members are Invited to attend.
Banquet and Dance Was a
Most Enjoyable
Local 178, Journeymen Tailors
Union, held a splendid,concert, supper and dance in the Belvedere Court,
Wednesday ovening, to celebrate the
25th anniversary of the local unton,
One hundred and seventeen persons
sat down to a splendid supper, put up
by the Good Eats Cafo, and under the
peraonal supervision of Mesaors. Perry
& Woods, assisted by their very able
chef, B. A. Oevlstorf, who certainly
put forth all the arts nf his trade tn
the appetizing feed.
Francis Williams, who fathered the
local 26 years ago, occupied the chair,
and after a short speech, Introduced
the artiste who supplied songs and recitations, which brought forth many
laughs and much applause.
The affair finished up with a dance,
which lasted till one tn the morning,
everybody going home very much delighted with the splendid programme.
The committee who made all the
necessary arrangements were: C. McDonald, Mr. Frankow, Mrs. F. Dolk,
Miss W. Klrby, -Miss E. Klrby, Miss
Snyder, Hrs. Carruthers and Mr.
What about your neighbor's subscription?
Industrial   Disease  Takes
Active Worker in Labor
Robert Barrow a veteran of many
years in the Labor movement, died of
miners phthisis on the llth, In Kootenay Lake Hospital, Nelson, B. C,
Comrado Barrow was an active
member In the W. F. of M, when that
oragnlzatlon was known as the best-
fighting organization on this continent,
and has been continually ever since an
active worker in the Labor movement,
He was the first secrotary for lho O.
B, U. in the Nelson district, and served
ln that capacity most of the time from
July, 1919, to January, 1921, Although
Buffering from the above mentioned
disease, nevertheless he was always
fighting ln the interest of tho working
class. He ls survived by two daughters and one son.
Separate verdicts were rendered for
each defendant. Leva Mann, Joe
Carnaghi, Peter Hiller, Bert Grace
and Otis Clark were acquitted ln order. The courtroom was in perfect
order and the quiet that prevailed
throughout.the long trial continued as
the verdicts were received.
The-men are being held in custody
because they are named in other indictments. -It Is believed the State
will continue to. object to bail for
them. The Williamson county grand
jury named 77 men, nil union miners
or their associates, fn indictments for
the Herrin riots of June 21 and 22,
1922, when Hoffman and twenty other
mine guards and strike-breakers were
killed or fatally'wounded, following
the death of three unarmed union
miners. One of the indicted men has
since died. Many of those named
were indicted more than once and on
several counts.
The principal witnesses for the prosecution were a doctor who had testified over a hundred times on the operators' side in court cases and survivors among the mine guards, A farmer whose own relatives declared they
would not believe his word, was another key witness on whom the prosecution relied.
Failure of the grand jury to indict
Wm. J. Lester, owner of the strip mine
at the time guards were imported, and
centtflbutlon -by the Illlnofe Chamber ing about a ueWordeT* of Society.
Reward for Admirable Service in 1922
Six Hundred Men Laid Off Until February 5th, in
Spite of President's Good Wishes for the New Year
JUST prior to Christmas, the shoft craft employees of the Canadian Pacific railroad, comprising
Machinists, Blacksmiths, Boilermakers, and Carmen were handed a nice Christmas present by the
company for which they work. They were given tlie order of the can—in other words laid off until
January 8th.   Later thc men were called back to work on January 3rd.
Possibly as an antidote to the effect which the Christmas cheer handed out to them by thcir employera caused, these same workmen were given a New Year's message. It was signed by the president of the company, E. \V. Beatty, late corporation council, and an individual who could not drive
a spike or turn a monkey-wrench if he tried, and possibly his only knowledge of boxcars is that they
are used to convey freight in, and that sometimes the freight is human in the shape of jobless workers seeking pastures new. The New Tear's message from the president of the Canadian Pacific railroad reads as follows:
All Officers and Employees,— Montreal,' December 29, 1922.
"The record of admirable servioe maintained by all offlcen and employees of the Canadian
Pacific Bailway during the past year has been the source of much satisfaction to the management, and I desire on my own and on their behalf to express our warm appreciation of it. The
-tm Tear opens under auspices more favorable than any time since the conclusion of tbe Great
War, and I have therefore all the more confidence that it should prove a happy one for you all. -
Our efforts should be directed with ever-increasing energy and enthusiasm to the building up of
the prosperity of our splendid Dominion, aad in order that you should contribute in the greatest
measure to this prosperity, may you be inspired with courage and hope filled with contentment
and blessed with good health." E. W. BEATTT.
Having read the above, dear reader, you tto doubt imagine that the C.P.R. is a benign institution
which has the happiness and welfare of its employees at heart, but before you come to any rash conclusion, please read the following notice which was posted on the notice boards at the shops on Wednesday of this week; it reads as follows: >.    .
Shops will be closed night of January 26th, and will open Monday, February 5th, 1923.
Some six hundred meir are affected by this notice. Men who since 1920 have been on short time;
men who have earned less than Chinamen's wages, and who have suffered all the miseries of unemployment without being unemployed. As an instance, the last pay whieh some of these men received, covering a period of two weeks, amounted to Twenty-six Dollars, or at the rate of Thirteen
Dollars per week.   Yes, we need more immigrants so that the C.P.B. can make more profits.
Of course we can imagine the men who for nearry three years have been on short time being filled
with enthusiasm in the building up of the prosperity of "our splendid Dominion." Wc suppose that
it is like the "time," it belongs to the Canadian Pacific railroad. We can also imagine six hundred
men, who have, according to the president of the Candian Pacific Railway, a record of "admirable
service" being full of courage and hope, when they are laid off at intermittent periods. Naturally
the "hope" part of it will fill the stomachs of their children, and the admirable service can be emblazoned on a scroll as was the heroic sacrifices of the men who laid down their lives in Franco for
the country which the C.P.R. and other such institutions own and control, along with the employees
who create their profits. Naturally also "contentment" will come to those men who have for three
years suffered because of short time employment, aiid who have been again relegated to the scrap heap,
to be taken on when the company needs to again embark in thc creating of prosperity in "our"
splendid dominion, which is in the minds of the controllers and owners of the world's wealth,
profit and interest. In the meantime, the railroad workers can take up another notch in their belts
and suffer in silence. And in spite, of all this there sre some people who wonder that the workers become radical and wish to take control of industry and carve out their own destinies and aid in bring-
Building Permits
Jan. 12—3006 Point Grey Road,
Seattle, one dwelling, }7I>00. .
Jnn 15—341 Kootenay Street, R. H.
Macaulay, dwelling, $2500; 717 Pender
West, White Lunch Co.,- alterations,
13000; 445 Richards, Smith Bros.,
Wilson, offlcos, 120,000; 115—16th
Ave. Enst, Chas. Dishy, dwelling,
Jan, 16th—1620—4th Avo. West, A,
D. Snider & Son, laundry, (7000; 1886
Oranvllle, A. D. Snider & Son, cleaning stand, $5000; 1236—llth Ave. W.,
J. D. Smith, dwelling, 13600.
Jan. 17th—First Ave. Bast, False
Creole, Smith Bros. & Wilson, fumigation plant, 119,600.
Jan. 18th—2090 Pendrill, J, P.
Hodgson, dwelling, $9000; 2166 Kitchener, J. A. Crawford, dwelling, $3000.
Jan. 19th—8184—Bth Ave. West,
Cook & Hawkins, dwelling, $8000.
Jan. 20th—8060-70 St. Catherine,
McLellan, two dwellings, $2400
each; 8066-75 Windsor, S. McLellan,
two dwellings, $2400 each.
Jan, 28—2836—8th Ave. West, W.
R. Kitchener, dwelling, $8000.
Jan. 28—157 Hastings Bast, B.
Davidson, alterations, $2800; 1249
Seymour, B, Davidson, garage and
shop, $8500.
Local Organization Proves
Untruth of "News" in
The following is a copy of a letter
sent to the Vancouver Dally Province
by the Society for Technical Aid for
Soviet Russia, but which was not published to date (Jan. 24). The letter
Is self explanatory:
Vancouver Branch,
Society for Technical Aid to Soviet
61 Cordova Street West.
January 20th,  1923.
Editor Vancouver Province—Sir;
Our attention has been called to an
article on the front page of your paper
dated Jan. 17, regarding a pitiful appeal for help from an alleged Russian, to friends In this city.
"The article Infers that the man
went to Soviet Russia from Vancouver last summer, 'to take part In the
oconomic reconstruction of his bo-
loved fatherland.
•We desire to point out to you that
your correspondent has been misinformed, as the following facts will
show; All emigrants to Soviet Russia
from Canada and tho United States,
are granted passports by this organization, and only groups organizod in
communes are allowed into Soviet
"Only one communal group, consisting of sixteen individuals, loft this
Provinco In tho last elghteon months,
and none of tbe mombers of that
group bore tho name of O. Lorand or
nny name that could possibly be mis.
taken for that.
"This man mny have toft hore for
one of the Baltic republics, Latvia,
Lithuania or Esthonia, vassul stutes
of Britain and France, but he certainly did not leave hero for Soviet Russia with passports, and without passports, ho would not be allowed into
Soviet Russia.
"The fact that tbe man nevor left
for Soviet Russia is borno out In your
article, as .you say ho is now In Lithuania, 'and will be able to return If
tho Russian government permits,' it
Is not in the power of tho Russian government to place restrictions on tho
movomonts or nctlons of nny ono in
Lithuania any more than If they wore
in Canada.
"YourB for truth.
"Acting Secretary.''
As tho letter stntes, an article appeared In the columns of the Province, under a doublo column hcadllno,
to the clfect that "friends In Vancouver Aiding Russian to Return, Pitiful
Letter Brings Fund to Cover Cost of
Ticket. Effort to Holp Fatherland
Ends Disastrously for Three." The
individual named ln the lotter abovo,
is described as "a willing, honest type,
self-respecting and Industrious. His
omployers valued him." He was supposed to be possessed of $6000, the
just reward for Industriously shovel-
(Continued on page 3)
U. B. C.
Washington Locals Join in
Drive for $8.00
Per Day
The Labor Defense Council
Thanks Nordegg Miners
for Support
Some time ago the miners of Nordegg, Alberta,  raised  a considerable
sum for tho defence of the Michigan
workers who were arrested under the
Criminal   Syndicalism   law   of   that
-_i._ro-.i--..    Will. __._,_._.     A J :state'    Tn«   amount   collected   was
UrganiZer    WllKinSOn    Ad- ■ $335, and the Labor Defense Council
dresses T_n_*»l Cnrnentor      forwarded a letter of thanka to the
ureases IflCai carpenter    j Nordegg miners.   The letter roads as
Organization j rollow»;
I U. M. W. of A., Local 1067, Nordegg,
The   regular  business  meeting  of I       Alberta, Canada.
Local 462, of the United Brotherhood !    Comrades: In a recont Issue of The
of Carpentors and Jolner_,'wa_ held B,C'Fed<!ratlonlst, we read about the
nn  MnnH__   „i__.     im..  ...___ *"Plendld action your local had taken
Z.JS ,? . *.   _   _* a""""""* for the Labor Defense Couneil, and
was no   up to standard   but a very : lhe great ,pecch made by (SimiSS
S-_-   /elln* ™\Md'        .     ! Dave Rees In this matter.   This mom-
been elected as Labor councillor   In | cheque for $835, and a list of those
South Vancouver, was given the right i who donated to makeup this amount      Seattle _ Tacitly    admitting    thto attond to municipal affairs in tho has come
day time after consultation with the |     There is no need to tell you of how
heartily gratified  we  wcro over this
wonderful response to our appeal. You
say that words cannot express your
appreciation of tho flght our persecuted comrades are making in Michigan
on bohalf of those comrades, wo say
that words cannot oxpress our appre-
presidont, the local thus recognising
the value of Labor representation.
The report of the delegates to the
Trades and Labor Council was received, after somo considerable discussion,
in which tho provisions of the constitution of the council and the objoc-
Faced' by Prison and Death
on Return, Join in
Differences Forgotten when
Soviets Entertain Red
[By Anise]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Mobcow (by delayed mall)*—1 never
saw such vast, riotous joy In my life.
Yet scores of those present were going
home to prison and battle and death,
It was a great banquet held in the
Hall of the Unions. The Labor unlona
of Moscow and the city counoll acted
as hosts. Every factory and every
Soviet Institution had its chosen representatives, about 1400 of. them, Including the senior class of Sverdlov
University, the university which
trains Communist organizers.
The guestB were 675 delegates to
the seven or eight international congresses which had been going on almost simultaneously in Moscow. The
Communist International was the lar*
gest and, though It started early in
November, it had lasted two weeka
longer than expected, ami overlapped
all the others. Then there wore tho
Congress of Labor Unions, the Congresses of special trades, metal workers, building workers and so forth.
Two thousand people sat down to
the banquet at 10 o'clock in the evening, after a long day of conferences,
ending In a closing session In the
Grand Opera house. The dinner consisted of cold meats and cheese and
bread, with ice cream, tea and soda
waters, but it took three hours to
serve, as the waiters forced their way
through the closely packed throng.
But the eating was only an excuse, the
real festivity was quite different
Songs, shouts, stamping of feet arose
from all parts of tho hall at once. The
place was so big that half a dozen
songs could go on at once, with little
Interference—an appropriate condition
for an International congress. Over
in one corner the Italians would start
a revolutionary song adapted from the
French revolution, and all the French
and Spanish and some Russians would
lotnin Ifoni alfover the haU. And I
know that one at leaat of the Italian
delegates had escaped from Italy
wounded, and that the veteran leader
of the delegation had been warned
that he would be shot on his return.
A peculiar I'tusHian custom consists
fn tossing ln the air any man whom
the people desire to honor. He ia
seized by eight or ten comrades and
thrown high above their heads, sometimes seated, but more often lying.
As he comes down, he is caught on 20
outstretched hands nnd sent aloft
again. It ls a strenuous honor, hut he
is supposed to be a good sport and
take it smiling.
I saw as many as eight dignatarles,
heads of national delegation or favorite speakers, up in the air at once all
over the hall. At one time Kamenev,
(Continued on page 4)
Tacitly Admits   Sweep of
tlons of tho Stroot Railwaymen to elation of the tromondous support
somo of tho presont clauses in it woro j that you are giving to make thnt light
fully explained, lho local taking the ! possiblo.
Btnnd that tho clauses should bo ro- j Wo tako it lhat Comrado Fostor
vised so that any representative of an and othor lenclors of our Labor movo-
amilotod union, whose bona fldes woro ' mont oftlmcs Inspire tbo rnnk and
found on investigation to bo abovo | flle to ucllon. Moro oflon than that,
quostion, should bo sooted as a dole- j howover, It Is actions such as you
goto, no mattor how long ho had beon have taken lhat give tho inspiration
a momber of his organization. to   thousands   of  oxplolted   workers,
Organizor J. W. Wilkinson, In a; givo them courogo lo flght nnd en-
short address, pointed out that condl- j durance lo Bacrlflco.
tlons to tho soutli of the line woro | Tho money you havo sent us cnn
much bottor than In Vancouvor and j certainly bo put to good uso In this
Victoria. Referring to tho Stato of, case. But lho spirit behind this do-
Woshlngton, ho stated that tho Stato j nation, tho spirit of which the dona-
Councll of Carpenters, had decided to (tlon Is only u symbol, Is a thousand
seek to raise carponters' wagos to 18 j times moro valuable to our movement
por day in tho spring. In tho pust, j In goneral and to tho dofonso in par-
tho rates in various towns and cities ticular than nny amount of money
havo varied, the proposal Is to now could over be.
mako tho wages uniform all ovor tho      Very    gratefully    and    fratornnlly
Tho wire sent to 1'romler Oliver, on
Instructions of the previous meeting,
protesting against the wages being paid
on the Point Grey Job, wns roferrod to
The. Federntlonlsl. It rends as follows:
Hon. J. Oliver,
Premier of British Columbia.
Local Vancouvor Brotherhood of
Carpenters, last night, with 400 members present, protests the demoralization of Vancouver citizens hy Provincial government, which Is employing
men on the U. Il, C. silo at a wage
not consistent with real manhood.
Von may wish tn help The Feder-
atlonlst. You can do so by renewing
your subscription promptly and sending In the subscription of your friend
or neighbor,
sweep of the amalgamation movement
in this country, Secretary Prank Morrison of lhe A. F. of L., while here on
a brief visit, devoted bis only public
uddrcss to explaining the federation's
stund on the question.
Morrison asserted lhat the Federation has gone on record for amalgamation of internationals wherever
possible, and has tried in numerous
Instances to bring them together, al
times with success. Craft feeling lu
the nmk and flle, he asserted, hns been
Ihe principal obstnelo to greater success. He cited insluncos where the
Federation had been rebuffed by the
membership of Internatlonuls for efforts to unite similar groups, while
soveral times olflelals of the Internationals who had urged closer illlllla-
tlon, had heen recalled.
Morrison visited Scuttle after arranging for the national A. V. ot L. convention, to ho hold In Portland, Ore.,
next Octobor. Two previous conventions have been hold in San Fruncisco,
and onu ln Seattle in the history of
the A. F. ot L.
Vancouver Workers of AB
Nationalities Join in
Speakers in Many Tongues
Urge Political Unity
of Workers
For the flrat time In lhe hlitory of
the working clue movement In Van-'"
couver ,a real International Labor
meeting waa held oh Sunday laat. Tha
meeting waa called by the Workers
Party of Canada to commemorate the
supreme sacrifice paid fey Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, In tha
year 191», when theee two comradea
were brutally murdered by the supporters and hirelings of the ruling
class of Germany.
Oh the platform were speakers representing many nationalities and
tongues. The nationalities represented were aa follows: English, A. S.
Wells; Finnish, O. Sundqulst; Oerman, O. Mengel; French, 3; De Meyer;
Italian, R. Higgins; .Ukrainian, I. Shol-
dra; Lettish, R. __mat; Japanese, K.
Each o( the above-mentioned
speakers urged the workere to organize politically, and pointed out that
the ruling claas waa not strong, because of their own weight, but because
the workers were apathetlo and refused to recognlie their class position.
They urged the workers to get together so that the fate of the two Oerman
comrades would not be met by still
larger numbere of active workera In
the future.
In addition to the addresses given.
a splendid musical programme had
been drawn up and waa much appreciated by the large audience. The
Meeting was opened by the Finnish
orchestra, who rendered'the Marseillaise. The next musical Item was the
Raymond Overture, played by Comrade Farrington on tbe piano. Mm.
Corbett then sang the Marseillaise.
Comrade Hendricks gave a selection
on the guitar -either, and Mra, Farrington sang a song.      «,..
Juat before the collection waa
taken, the Red Flag waa sung by tha
audience standing. Following the interval, Miss Winnie I__rney gave a
song and dance, and thie young artist
so pleased the crowd that she had to
appear In another turn. The Ukrainian choir then song the International
In Ukrainian. An encore was demanded by the crowd, and the choir
responded with the Ukrainian national song. Two Ukrainian comradea
who charmed the audience by a rendition or the Oypsy Love Song on the
violin und guitar, were compelled to
favor the audience with nn encore, and
the Finnish orchestra played the Russian Revolutionary March, and Comrade Farrington closed the programme
with a recitation.
The collection amounted to 163.04.
The balance, after expenses are met,
will be 148, and this amount has been
forwarded to the Labor Defence
itt Chicago.
international omits* In t Uy
Two representatives of international
unions huve visited The Feilemtlonlst
ofllce during thc pant week. They are
Bros. tlcOrge R. Brunei, vice-president
of the International Printing Pressmen nnd Assistants Union of North
America, nf Montreal, nnd R. Hewitt,
or the Brotherhood of Hallway Car-
emn of America, of Calgary. Both of
these officials are dealing with local
questions which affect the members
of their loeal organization-.
Every reader of n-o Federationist
an render valuable assistance hy renewing their subscriptions as soon aa
they are due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe, it does not lake
iniM'li effort to dn this.   Try It.
Labor Defense Council
January 16, 1923.
Every reader of Tho Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions aa Boon as
thoy aro due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It decs not take
much effort to do tills.   Try H.
St. Paul—Myrtle Coin, Labor momber of tho Slate Legislature from
Hennepin County, has Introducod a
bill to make the wearing of masks or
other regalia as a disguise Illegal except where such masks or regalia are
worn tor amusement or entertainment.
Miss Cain is one of tho three women
members of tho legislature. Washington State now hoe suhc a statute.
Miami, Arizona—"Wrap up Ihe
baby und lako her out with-you. I'm
going to kill myself." Those were the
lust words of Joe Farmer, 53, president of tho local Painters Union, who
ended-his life hy a rlllo shot. Despondency over scarcity of work was given
ns the cnuse of his action. He is survived hy a wife and four children.
Farmer wns active In Lnbor circles
throughout the State, nnd it was largely through bis efforts that the local
Labor Temple wus built.
Longshoremen who specialize in the
unlondlng of minerals at tho port of
Antwerp, are continuing the strike
which they begnn on Novembor 1.
1922, necessitating a diversion, from
Antwerp to Rotterdam, of many vessels loaded with minerals.
Buy at a union store.
Label Trades Social Func-
tipn a Huge
The Union Label commlUeo whist
drlvo and dance hc?ld last Friday In
thc Alexandra Dancing Pavilion, was
the best of tho season. The printing
trados wero well rcproeonted. although it must bo noted thnt thc Milk
Salesmen and Dairy Employees were
moro than prominent,, as they hnve
been at all the dances this season.
Splendid prizes were provided for
tho winners ln tho whist drive, the
lucky Individuals boing as follows:
Lodlos, 1st jirlze, Mrs. W. Tompkins;
2nd, Mrs. Nolson, while Ihe consolation prise went to Mrs. B. Wheatcroft.
Tho winners of the gentlemen's prlsee
wero: First, A. Dubbins; Snd, L. Griffiths, and the consolation prize went
to s. Bond.
The next event will be held on Feb.
16, at the aame place, the Theatrical
trndes participating.
Mobile, Ala.—A Jury here has de-
elded thnt membership in the I. W.
W. is not equivalent to vagrancy.
Hubert Hayes, salaried delegate of the
Marine Transport Workors Union, an
I. W. W. unit, was acquitted of tke
Patronise Federatlonist advertisers. PAGE TWO
fifteenth year. wr, BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vakoouvbr. a c.
JRIDAT January », lllla
PabHahed every Friday morning by The B. O, Federatlonist
Business ofllce:   1129 Howe Street
Editorial  Offlce:    Room   306—319  Pender  Street West
Editorial Board:  P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, Oeorge Bartley.        	
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, (3.00 per
year; Canada, $2.50 per year, $1.60 for six months; to
Unions subscribing In a body, 16c per member per
month. •--
Unity of Labor: The Hope of the World
..January  26,   1923
Unskilled Laborers and Immigration
IMMIGRATION is a topic which is being talked
about all over the American continent. In fact
it is a subject for discussion thc world ovor, Australia, Oreat Britain, thc United Statos being particularly interested, if the press and politicians are
to be considered. These countries, with the exception of Great Britain, are seeking now people, more
workers, and of course more capital.
# *       *
There is not, however, any unanimity of opinion
on this question. Some politicians want the immigrants selected. Others supporting tho immigration
policies of their respective countries wish to have
the bars completely removed, and particularly is
this the case in the United States and Canada,
while the workera without jobs cannot see how it is
possible to improve their condition by bringing
more men into tho country, and by so doing increase
the .competition for the only way in which they can
secure a living.
# '■■•;    #        *
The Vancouver Sun, with its usual "wisdom,"
suggests that it is usloss to answer the argument
that because Canadians aro leaving Canada,
there are too many people here now. It also suggests that thc trouble in this country is the fact
that there are not enough unskilled laborers, and
that skilled workers arc leaving thc country because
thero are not enough unskilled laborers to provide
the raw materials for the skillod workers.
* *        *
We do not know whother it will bc possible to
drive home the facts to the writer of the words
which expressed the above ideas or not, but we
would point out to the intelligent readers of this
paper, that in Burope there are millions of unskilled
workers, and the skilled workers are unemployed;
that Great Britain has hundreds of thousands of
unskilled workers out of work, and the artisans are
in the same fix; that in the United States the same
conditions prevail, and that the British government is endeavoring to foster emigration to the
overseas dominions because of the serious unemployed situation in the British Isles.
»       *        »
The local situation is one whicli can well be
quoted to show the imbecility of the Sun's contentions. The skidroad, or slave market as it is termed
by the men who haunt that part of our" fair city, is
daily filled with unskilled workers. There are also
many skilled workers who will take what are usually termed unskilled jobs, and be glad to get them,
But there aro no unskilled jobs going. The unskilled workers on the University site aro getting
thirty-five cents per hour for the hours they work,
and nothing for the two and three hours that it
takes to get them to and from the job. Yet thero
was a rush for even these miserable handouts, and
more men have registered than can bo taken on.
This would indicate that tho unskilled labor market
is not yet depicted. But there are other considerations.
* #        *
Tho members of the employing class of this
country, which were responsible for the entry
of the Asiatic population, want labor when
they need it, and thoy like to get it as
cheap as possible. The more men there are in
the market for jobs, the cheaper that labor can be
secured, hence the cry for more immigrants. But
immigrants do not make jobs. Unskilled labor in
Europe has not solved the unemployed problem in
that part of the world; the United States, in spite
of its huge' army of unemployed uuskillcd workers
cannot employ all the skilled artisans; and the situation in this country will never bc unproved by the
efforts of the employers to still further flood the
labor market. Australian workera have taken a
stand against any further immigration as long as
the present unemployed situation remains, and tho
least tho Canadian organized labor movement can
do is to send out a broadcast to tlie workors in the
British Isles, informing them that there are no jobs
lying around looso in this country, and that to
travel from throe to five thousand miles in the hope
of securing the means of life will not help them.
The Real Meaning of "Democracy"
DEMOCRACY is a term whicli iu these days, to
say tho least, is used in a very loose manlier,
Democracy has beeu imagined by the untutored
slavo as being a word which expresses freedom,
but whilo the general idea of the word has been
such as to express thc wishes and ideas of a ruth-
lcssruling class, democracy under capitalism has
meant slavery, and thc word should have no further
meaning to thc workers of the civilized world.
* *        *
Strange to say, "democracy" is a word that has
come into use under the present system. In count-
tries which only a few years ago had not adopted
the capitalistic mode of production, the word was
almogf unknown; in faot the capitalist countrios
looked upon countries such as Japan, while under
feudalism, as being undemocratic, and only when
the new methods of production were introduced,
and the necessary changes woro made iu the laws
of thc land in order to mako these changes possible,
was Japan-looked upon as a country which was
deycloping "democracy."
# *        *
The Christian Science Monitor, commenting on
Japanese democracy, points out that while all vest-
ages of feudalism have not been wiped out in Japan,
gho haB lived up to thc pIcdgcH made at several international conferences to reduce the army, the
navy, and to evacuate Shantung. The Monitor,
however refers to the faet that North Sakhalicn is
still occupied as a security for thc 1920 massacre
of Japanese nationals, as Russia may some time pay.
Tho following is tho summing up of the Monitor
in a sentence:
"Japanese domocracy" would have scorned a
contradiction in torms in a yesterday not far
past.   Today it rehearses a faot, and a once
skeptical world realizes that it does, and is
thankful. *       *       *
Democracy means not only the enslavement of the
workers under the guise of the wage system, but
also the entanglements and warfare of the capitalistic world, and so we may safely say that the occupation of other parts of the world outside of Japanese territory by the Japanese armed forces is a
sign of demooraoy. We may also conclude that the
late war was another outcome of "democracy";
that the starvation existing in every "democratic"
country is a concommittent part of that great illusion of the masses, who because they are exploited
by a class instead of a feudal baron, imagine that
they have achieved freedom. The Japanese wage
slaves may, however, havo another idea as to their
interests being served by ruling class democracy,
a condition and form of government more oppressive than even feudal serfdom in these days when
democracy has reached its highest pdint and
brought the people to a point of misery never before
known in the world's history. If what we have
now is democracy, and Japan is adopting it, as the
Monitor suggests, may the Japanese workers get
next to thc sham much quicker than the European
workers is our wish, for democracy spells human
slavery, misery, and degradation. Speed the day
when we shall relcgato that tentt and the system
which created it, into the ash can of history.
The Unspeakable Turk and the
British Empire
"THE unspeakable Turk has evidently got the goat
a of the great Lord Curzon, foreign secretary of
the British Empire—that individual who has been
held up to the people of the greatest empire the
world has ever seen, as the perfection of statesmanship., *        *        *
Turkey is a nation mueh smaller in numbers than
the British Isles, to say nothing of the Dominions,
whieh arc part and parcel of the British Empire,
yet our great statesman is about to appeal to the
League of Nations in order to have Turkey comply
With thc decrees of British capitalism which views
with joy thc possible spoils which may accrue to
it if only control of the oil areas in the Turkish domain can be secured.
But what is the League of Nations. Can anyone
define it. France was a party to it, but the League,
if it really exists, has been unable to curb that unruly member of the organization, which was supposed in those days when democracy had been saved
and war had ceased, for the moment at least, to see
that there shou.d be no more war, and "democJ.
racy," spelled with a capital,D, should be prf-
served for all time.
But the Lausanne conference, like its predecessors, has failed, not because the men who are present
at those conferences are not diplomats, and are not
astute, but because thc circumstances and the conditions prevailing under capitalism are against
them. All capitalistic countries aro looking with
longing eyes to-countries which are oil producing,
but they cannot all get in with both feet, and the
result is that France and Great Britain have decided to part company, not only with respect to the
ropartions question in Germany, but the Turkish
situation. And today we seo the once proud British
statesmen, who prior to the Great War made the
representatives of smaller countries tremble as to
thc consequences of their words and actions, helpless against a nation which has been" pictured as
barbarous, and all manner of other things, but
through the development of tho system and its
breakdown, is now able to defy thc Spokesman of
the greatest empire the world has ever known and
feared. Such is fate; we were almost tempted to
say it is "Kismet," but it is a fact, and that fs all
that counts.
The French Advance in the Ruhr
and the Possible Results
TytlVEN BY DESPERATION to pander to the
" populace of France, tlie statesmen of that country have embarked on an adventure which may
prove the turning point in the revolutionary working class movement. During thc Mar period and
following thc peace pact'of the Allies, these puppets
of the.present system made promises which can
never be fulfilled. They said that Germany must
pay, and that as a result of these payments, the
-'rcneh people would be prosperous and happy as a
result of their efforts to defeat German Imperialism.
Hut the move to occupy the Ruhr region of Germany, the richest coal area in that country, may
prove a boomerang which will destroy French Imperialism. *        *        *
Bayonets do not act very efficiently in the digging
of coal, and while it would appear that the German
workers are incensed at the advance of the French
forces, and have decided to keep up a guerilla warfare against this aggression, but at the samo time
support their masters, the scene may change and the
workers of Germany como to a realization that
whether exploited by French or German capitalists,
thcir lot is bound to bo one of suffering and misery,
Press items have endeavored to prove that Russia
is behind the German strike. Wc do not think that
this is correct, but hopo that it is a fact, for if that
is thc ease, the German workers are ready for action
ngainst thcir common foe, thc ruling class of the
Thc French ruling class is in a situation which is
untenable. Faced by a people fed on war promises
of making Germany pay, the members of that olaas
recognize that if they do not take somo steps which
would appear on the surface to bc tho means of
bringing prosperity to France, the workers will
revolt against thc conditions wliich the peace has
forced on them. At the same time, the French rulers must, if they know anything at all, realize that
aggressive tactics in Germany will bring about a
German working class solidarity whieh will spell
tlie doom of capitalism.
Reparations can only he paid iu two ways—by
gold or in commodities, and if thc French people
receive the commodities as payment, then French industries must of necessity bc impoverished, and tho
workers forced into the ranks of the unemployed.
If thc reparations arc paid in gold, then Germany
must sell commodities to other nations, and look at
thc situation as one will, there appears to bc only
one outcome, and that is the revolt of oither the
German or French workers, and the further disruption of the capitalistic system. Meantime the capitalist class is digging the grave of the present system with bayonets.
Reactionaries Are Alarmed
at Growth of Red
Detroit—The State of Michigan Is
in a bad way from the conservative
point of view, lf the appeal for a five-
year endowment made by F. A. Perry,
executive secretary for the Coalition
committee for the State o'f Michigan,
Is to be regarded as something more
than a calamity howl to loosen small
change from the pockots of panicky
A keen scent for radicalism has enabled Perry to chase it down In many
spheres of life.
And first our brave fighters for democracy. "Notwithstanding tho heroic
efforts of the American legion," Perry
reports, "which hns sought in every
way to keep the ex-servlco men loyal,
there has appeared a large amount of
extreme radicalism among certain
groups and organizations of former
But that ain't nil. "Radicalism under its various names and organizations has beon so long and nssldiously
at work, that It has Invaded every department of our national life. A large
number of clergymen, teachers, farmers, laborers and ex-service men, as
well as hosts "of paid agitators, are
augmenting the stream of poison propaganda and hastening tho day of industrial revolution."
Perry has also discovered "a vigorous and abundant radical press." The
farmers have been poisoned, the
schools Invaded, but "it is among the
laboring men themselves thut the
agitator works most earnestly."
finally Perry comes to the inevitable point: "Cards arranged for annual, seml-nnnual or quarterly payments covering a period of five yenrs
have been propared for your convenience, and wo most earnestly urge a
prompt and serious consideration."
One business man to whom this appeal was sent, gave It the prompt consideration requested, but refused to
bo serious about lt, and passed lt on to
the Federated Press,
Purchasing Power of People
Has Fallen at An
-   Alarming Rate
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(European Dir. Federated Press)
Berlin—A new and dangerous* enemy of t|ie workers of Germany has
appeared on the horizon—unemployment. Production costs have advanced to a point where, despite the falling of the mark, Qermany manufactured goods have climbed to world
market prices, especially in the Iron
and textile Industries,
This means that foreign buyers no
longer have any Interest ln purchasing from Germany. They bought only
so long as Germany could produce below world market prices—in other
words, more cheaply than competing
The domestic purchasing power of
tho German people has fallen ott
alarmingly. All that they earn now
goes to the necessities of life—food,
clothing, rents. Manufacturers are
overloaded with their own wares. They
are threatening wholesale lay-offs,
half-time and other measures calculated to throw the workers upon the
It was probably no exaggeration
whon President Theodore Lelpart,
General Federation ^of Free Trade
Unions, declared, at a mass demonstration arranged in the middle of
December by the trade unions against
the Versailles trenty, that this winter,
so far as the workers are concerned,
bids fair to be more terrible and more
hopeless than even the unspeakable
war winter of 1917-18.
Another Story
About Russia
(Continued from Page 1)
ling coal for tbo charitably-minded
stockholders of Evans, Coleman, Two
other alleged coal heavers are Involved in the Htory, but no particulars
aro provided, except that they wero
"killed by the Bolshoviks."
In tbo interests of Soviet Russia,
wo havo Investigated tho story, and
desire to acquaint tho workers of Vancouvor with tho truth of tbe mattor,
which is as follows:
This man, O. Lorand, is a Lithuanian who was well-known to the Lithuanian colony in Vancouver. He was
not a Russian. His high standing
with bis employers does not interest
us much, but "wo would like to point
out to the readers of these words thnt
almost all the Russians in Vancouver,
belonging to the ranks of the working
clnss, spent eighteen months in jail
merely for being Russians, since the
workers' government took control In
This man, O. Lorand, who now
writes from Mnriampol in Lithuania,
under the namo of Wlndislaus Tudic-
kls, left Vancouver for his "beloved
fatherland," Lithuania, not for Soviet
Russia. Tho pitiful talo he writes is a
pitiful talc of Ufe in-ono of the vassal
states of British and French imperialism, He, according to his own letters,
converted his Canadian money into
Ctarman marks. The fall In the value
of tlio mark is a fact too woll known
here to requlro any explanation from
us, but tho effect on the tangiblo results of. many years of coal shovelling
may well bo imagined.
In one of his letters, he claims to
have gone into Soviot Russia, whore
he saw men killing and eating each
other in tho streets. Marvellous observer! Leaving Russia, ho went to
Poland, whero conditions wore worse
than In Russia, so he had to got out
of Poland Into Lithuania. Arrived
there, he found things to bo worse
than either in Russia or Poland.
He then set about to recoup hts loBt
fortunes, acquired in the coal shovel
Engineering  Record
Building Workers Wages
Not Too High
New York—It is high time, says an
article ln the current Issue of the Engineering Record, by D. K. Boyd, architect and structural Btandardist of
Philadelphia, for the publlo to know
that the yearly earnings of tho building trade mechanics are "none too
high." Boyd calls attention to a recent census made of the Philadelphia
trades, in which It was found that although the -bricklayer commands'* an
hourly wago rate of $1.25, which theoretically would be 12760 a year, actually his average earnings were only
The census covered fifteen trades,
and ln these the theorotical annual
earnings in only four fell below (2000
yearly. Yet. becauso of the seasonal
nature of building work, In only ono
of the fifteen trades the actual earnings fell below $1500. The computations were based on the actual number
of dnys worked during the year 1920,
and the rate of pay was the existing
union scale.
A. F. of L. Says European
Workers Are Not
Washington—The drive for "selective Immigration" which big employing interests ho_ve launched is strongly
opposed by the American Federation
of Labor, Vhose publicity service says
this week:
"The workers of northern Europe
are not wanted. They can read and
think. They refuse to be fodder for
the industrial machine. They are not
coming to the United States, as shown
by the unfilled quotas under the 3
per cent. law. They are aware of the
merciless exploitation of these employers, their union-smashing policy, their
spies, their gunmen, their subsidized
press to arouse popular fury againat
workers on strike, their injunction
Judges and government aid to strikebreakers. That is why a drive is being made for Illiterates from the Balkan section of Europe, whb are willing
to exchange masters ln their life of
U. S. Bureau Finds One-
fourth of Children Are
Below Standard
Washington—How child .labor on
truck farms interferes with the education of city children, is shown in a
study now being conducted by the
Halted Btates children's bureau,
.Migration of hundreds of families
from Philadelphia and other Eastern
cities to labor In the truck fields of
nearby sections has been given special
study. It Is shown that 71 per cent,
of the children In one large migrating
group'havo been-seriously retarded in
their studios, one-fourth of them being from three to six years below their
normal grades.
Philadelphia school authorities announce that over 2600 children depart
every spring before the school term
ends, to take their places in the truck
fields as assistant bread-winners for
the family. Pupils drawn from other
towns In the mme section brings the
annual total to about 3600 child farmers who must sacrifice education to
earn a living.
ling businoss. So he wrote to all the
poople whoso addresses he could remember In far-off Canada.
This Lorand or Tudlckis, has no
connection with the Russian Immigration plans, involving the return of
Russians from America to Soviet Russia, as ls stnted in the article, as this
business is altogether in the hands of
tho S. T. A. S. R. and reporters for
capitalist newspapers can secure moro
Information on thla subject lf they
apply to tho propor quarters.
I may Bay further, that workers at
the Evans Coleman dock havo assured me that they havo no knowledge
of any collection being taken among
tho "workmen" at tho big plant for
the purpose of buying a ticket for Lorand "out of sincere sympathy," or for
any other reason.
If all tho workers in Canada who
came here fairly well heeled, and are
now broke, had to have tickets bought
for them by friends ln the countries
they left, the banking business would
be even more lucrative than lt is.
This news story of the Vancouver
Province ls merely another example
of tho methods of capitalism In its
flght against a revolutionary working
class, and as long as capitalism has
the means the worker will be treated
to spasms of a similar character.
One dollar and fifty cents Ib the cost
for a bIx months' subscription to The
Fod era .'Ion iat.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
101-408 Metropolitan Building
837 Hastings St. W. VANCOUVEB. B. 0.
Telephones: Seymour 6066 and 6667
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modem
Rates Reasonable
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and Closes at 6 p.m.
Our Pre-Inventory
Clearance of
Women's Suits
Coats and Dresses
575 Granville Street
Phone Sey. 3540
Will Return to Ireland and
Labor Movement of
That Country
Albany, N. T.—Pardon of James
Larkin, Irish Labor organizer, waB announced at the Stajo capltol. It was
one of tho first important acts of Gov.
At Smith, after taking office thla
month, Larkin, with several other
political prisoners, was convicted under the old criminal anarchy taw of
New York State, passed after the as-
Bitfisinntlon of President McKlnley at
Buffalo in 1901. Though no acts of
violence of any kind were charged
against Larkin and his associates, convictions were obtained ln the post-war
hysteria on the ground that violent
statements In a manifesto had been
authorized by them. The sentences
were from five to ten years ln the
penitentiary, of which Larkin had served two years. He intends, lt Is reported, to return to Ireland to resume
Labor organization,
Special Sale
This Week
Suits, Coats, Dresses,
Skirts at tremendous
reductions. '
Famous EV£T-
688 HASTINOS ST., Haw Orsntllls
Drugless Healing
" everything and failed, see
Dr. Downie, Sanipractlc Physician, who holds a full Sanipractlc Degree from the American University, also the diploma
from the d'Arsonvnl Institute
of Dr. of Electro-Therapy and
Your health Is of too much
Importance to you to allow anyone or every ono to practice on
you. We are experts and got
If you want results como to us.
Downie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey, 603, High. 21341.
Ring up Phone Seymour 2354
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Sulk*   SOI   Dominion' Building
Kindling Free
1180 Osorjis Stmt
Bnndsy unite., 11 ».m. snd 7:80 p.m.
Sundsy ichool ii_m..ll_t-ly following
morning lervlo.. Wedneiday leitinonlsl
moeting. 8 p.m. Free reading room,
901-908 Blrka Bldg.
B. P. Harriion s. A. Party
Pbone Falrmons 68
and Non-alcoholic wince of all
Gigar Store
TIB N«t lint of tht Greator Vancouver ud Lower Mainland .Telephono Directory Oloiin od January
Slit, 1928.
If roa are contemplating Uklng new
aervice, or making ony chnnge* la or
addltiona to yonr preaent Bervice, yoa
thould send notification, In writing, not
later than the abovo date, In ordor that
Jou mako take advantage of the new
Iroctory listings.
The Telephone Directory offers an at*
tractive and effective medium for advertising purpoiei. Advertiser! ahould
bear the above date in mind ao that In*
sertlon may be sure in the Directory.
Two Short Words, Bridging the Golf Between
Hava yoa protected yourself and yoar family agalnat such an emergency,
wtth a SAVINGS ACCOUNT—the moat valuable Aaiet a man ean have for
the "RAINY DAT."
We STRONGLY RECOMMEND yon to atart eaoh an aeeonnt AT ONCE,
at one of oar City  Branches-
HASTINGS and SEYMOUR Geo. 8. Harmon, Manager
Cordova and Abbott Main and 25th An. Main and Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
P.B.—If you ara living in a community not provided with Banking facilities, addreaa us by mall, and we will be glad te guide you ln reap-tct to "Banking by Mail." K.Y..-J, January 26,
B. C.
EVERY person you see with "fallen-in" lips and
cheeks are the victims of ill-fitting artificial teeth.
. My "EXPRESSION PLATES" keep the Ups and
cheeks in their natural position, and as a result the
patient retains that youthful expression about the mouth,
I which probably has more to do with your good apear-
I ance than any other single feature you possess. I am
[ always glad to show interested porsons th© results to be
[ obtained by my "EXPRESSION PLATES" without
< obligation on theif part.   '
Dr. Brett Anderson
Corner Sermonr
Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings, alao Wednesday
'* and Saturday Afternoons
DR. BRETT ANDERSON, formerly member of the Faculty of the College
of Dentistry, University of Southern Oiilforinl, Lecturer on Orown and
I Bridgework, Demonstrator ln Platework and Operative Dentistry, Local and
I Oeneral Anaesthesia.
Vancouver Unions
ouncil—President, R- H. Neelauds,
i.A.1 general seoretary, Percy R. Ben-
_h Office: 808, 819 Pender St. W.
ea Sey. laW. Moets In Labor Ball at
_. ett the first and third Tuesdays
11—Meets second Monday In th.
_ h. President, 1. B. White! secre-
", _ H. Heslauds, P. 0. Box 86.
Meels second Thuraday every month,
I Pendor St. W. *-e«WenM--,Br'!*£
Dili Snanclal secreUry, H. A Bowron,
48 Burns St. .
llonal Union of Amorlea—LoeU Uft
ncouver, B.O, meet.i aecond and fourth
esdaya in each month in Room 818, 8l»
nder Street West. „r«sl*«n. 0. »
rrett, 71 Hastings St. E. a™"'"*
R. Jani, 8J0 OamU. St. Shop ph.**
_■ _70_. Residence phone. Doug. -HIB.
Boilermskers, Iron Shipbuilders and
Ipera of America, Local iMf-HertlnW
if aad third Mondays In f soh month.
r ildent, P. WIUU; aecretaw. A. Fraser.
nee:    Boom SOS—lit Pender St. W.
i_. honra, 0 lo 11 a.-- and S to 6 p.m.
"\okLA_EkS AMD HASO-IS-llto.
■ brlckUyers or masons fot boUsr
rka.   eto,   or   marble   setters,   phon.
leklayers' Onion, Labor Temple.
 1    BROT-ERHOOD    OF    OAR-
».__ id ftKSTUeal "JHSjg-
,1. Wm. Dunn; recording sscretaty.
,. SneU; hoslneee agent, 0.0. tt. Hardy,
e.: Boom SN, 819 P«nd.r St. W.
eta aecond and fourth Mondays. 8 p.in,
om 61_819PMderJl:_WJ	
lit and third Fridaya In .a* month,
US Oordova St. W. _?"•'»•»*!.':
Utl B405 P.nd.r St. E.i Be_r.t«P
asnrer, Oe.. Harrison, 1886 Woodland
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin''
The greatest assistance'that tbe
readevs of The Federatlonist can render id at this time, -is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so Ton
spread the news of the working data
movement anil assist ns.
dova   81    '       ••-' ""•'
ery Sunday
'do™'sE W-Mu«tlo?.l\ meeting
t Sunday evening. 8 o'clook. Busl-
meotlni_ every Wednesday evening.
ia meetings every -_«_"»-._-vr—x
P. Pettlpieee, chairman; E. H. Mom.
n, sec-trees. > J. Bennett, oorreeponding
Ecrotary.         . _—
f President Nell MacDonald, No. 1. Flre-
till;    SecreUry,  0.  A. Watson,   No.   8
■ Onion, Loeal 98—441 Seymonr Street.
leeta lint and third Wednesdays at J.80
tm. Second and fourth Wednesdays at
LSO pm. Exeoutlve board meete every
BaaAytt S pit President W. Colmar.
J__lue>s agent, A. Oraham.   Phon. Sey.
■681. —
flal union of all workers In log-
ling and const-action camps. Coast Die-
■let and Oeneral Henduuartere, «t Oet-
lava St W, Vanoouver. B. 0. Phon. Be».
Isso. J. M. Clarke, general seoreUmr-
leas-rer: legal advisers. Messrs. Bird,
laedonald t Oe, Vaneouvar, B. C; audi-
IrT Messrs. Buttar I Ohlsne. Vancou.
Ir, B. 0. . __
fjlOH-S-STS LOOAL 809—President,
«_. Dawson!_iecreury, R. Hirsts busl-
e-agsnt, P. - Bongough. p«ica: S0»,
mo Pender Bt W. Meeta In Room 8,
|9 Pander St. W, on ascond and fonrth
Beaday In month.	
■Leo Oeorgei soerotanr, J. 0. Keefe;
Islness agent P. a\JftenmA. *_***_\
la, Sit Pender St. W. Meets In Room
■S, Sit Pander St. W. on first and third
fcursdaya tn month.	
Yrators and Papernangors of America.
-Leal 188, Vancouver—Meets Snd and
Ih Thursdays al 148 Oordova St. W.
Phono Sey. 8491.   Business agent R. —
Bar_er. ___
IDock Builders, Local No. 2404—MeetB
L Labor Hnll, 819 Ponder St- W,' every
Ind and 4th Friday at 8 p.m. Jas. Thomp-
lin, Flnsnclsl Secretary.	
Fl85 Oordova St. W, P. 0. Box 671.
kone Soy. 8703. Mootings overy Mon-
Ly at 7:80 p.m.   P. Hockaday, Business
\B. 0.—Formorly Firemen and Oilers
tlon    of    British    Columbia—Meeting
Jrhts, first Tuesday and third Friday of
■ch month at 818 Cordova W.    President,
Thom:   vice-president   R.   Morgan:
Br.tary.treasurer,   W.  Donaldson.   Ad-
aim,  SIS Oordova 81. W, Vancouver,
fa   Vlotoria Branoh Agent's address, W.
fcancls. 567 Johnson St, Victoria, B.O.
^Operating Engineers, Local 844, meeta
Tery Thursday at   •   pm.   Room   807
.bor Tomple.    Seoretary.TreaBurer.   N.
ireen, OSS Hornby St. Phone Bey. 7048R.
According Secretary, J. R. Campbell, 803
Ilrst Btredt, North Vanoouver.	
I Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
J-Maete K. P. Hall, 8th and Klngsway,
1st and Srd Mondaya at 10:11 a.m. and T
l.m. Preaident F. A. Hoover, 9409 Clarke
pr.;- rooordlng-secretary, A, V, Lofting;
feaeurer, A. V. Andrew; flnanclal-soo.
_-iary snd business agent, W. 11. Cot-
Irell, 166—17th Ave. W.; office, corner
Trior and Main Ste. Pbone Fair: 4504Y
' America, Looal No. 178—Meetings held
Irst M'.nilsy In each month. 8 p.m. President, A, R. Oatenby; vice-president, Mra.
.oik; recording aeeretary, 0. McDonald,
.'. 0. Box 608i   financial   saoretary, P.
McNeish, P. 0. Box BOS.	
I Soviet Rossis, Vancouver branch, meata
lirst and third Sundays eaeh month, 3
i_m, at 61 Cordora St. W. For informs-
Eton write to branch secretary, S.T.A.S.R,
T|l Oordova St. W, Vancouver, B. 0.	
President, Wm. Skinner: vice-president,
A. Tucker; seerotary.treasurer, R. H.
Neelands. P. 0. Box 66. Meets laat
Bnnday of each month st 2. p.m.	
. No. 837—President J. J. Begg, vice-
president, R J. Stewart; secretary-trees-
Irer, L. 0. Gilbert P. 0. Box 470, Na.
fiatmo, B. 0.     	
I Where la your Union button?
"A Oood Place to Eat"
12S Hastings St. E.—Sey. S282
1191 Granville St.—Sey. 6110
3260 Main St.—Fair. 1683
830 Oranvillo St.—Sey. 8S6
Startling' Capitalistic Report as
to Conditions in Coal Mines
in Pennsylvania
[Ed. note.—For yeara the miners of the United States have fought
against all the powers of the ruling class to secure some relief trom the
, conditions under which they have been compelled to work. They have
* been abused and butchered by the hired thugs and gunmen of the companies they have worked for, but when the City ot New Torfy became
affected by the strike, It wae decided to Investigate Into the shortage,
with the result that conditions were revealed which even made the supporters of the preaent system recoil In horror. The following ls the report
made by the committee appointed by Mayor Hylan, of New York City.]
Slater's Famous Alberta Creamery Butter; ;
lbs. for	
No.    1    Alberta    Creamery
Butter, 3
lba. for	
Choice Alberta Dairy    ng
Butter, per tb  OOC
We have a special lot of Sugar Cured Roll Bacoi', which
we nro putting on salo. on
Friday ilnd Saturday. Keg.
2Sc Hi. Friday M 1 _
and Salurdny \h.-..,**lO 2 **>
.Vel_liin(,- from I to 10 His,
We will sell on Saturday morning BOO lb«. of Slater's "nmous
Roll-Bacon, sliced, In 1 and 2-
1b. lots; reg. 35c. Extra   OC
special, sliced,  Ib  -IOC
Extra Choico Pot Roasts, from,
por lb 10c
Extra Choico Oven Roasts, from
por Ib mi<*
Extra Choice Boiling Boof, from
per  Ib  8c
Extra   Choice    Boneless   Stew
Boof, 2 lbs. for 25o
Extra Choico Rolled Roasts, per
lb 18c
Fresh-killed Meaty Uunb Roasts
per lb 22 Mc
Frosh-kllled Lamb Loin Roasts,
por lb 80o
Fresh-killed Lamb Logs, lb. 35c
Fresh-killed Lamb Stew, 2 lbs.
for 25o
Slater's Famous Pork Shoulders,
weighing from 4 to 8 lbs. Rog,
25c lb.    Extra | fil_
"spocial, Ib  ID J C
Nothing  finer  for your  weekend Roast.
Choice Middlo Cuts of Pork,
practically no bone;   QOl _
per lb  _6s__2 C
Slater's Famous Cottago Rolls.
Soiling  at, 0*\.__t
por lb  -SO 2 **•
Slater's  Famous IQlja
Picnic Hams, Ib  J.0 2 C
At Slater's Stores
Free Delivery
To the Honorable the Board ot Es-f
tlmate and Apportionment of the
City of New York..
-■Gentlemen: At the meeting of your
hon. board on Sept. 26, 1922, called by
Mayor John F. Hylan, a letter dated
September 21, 1922, from Mr. Norman
Hapgood, with respect to the condltlona of the employees in the bituminous coal mines ln Somerset and Cambria Counties, Pa., was presented for
your consideration.
With this letter Mr. Hapgood enclosed a memorandum in which was
pointed out:
That the Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Company has the chief contract for supplying coal to the Interborough Bapld
Transit Company in New York City.
That said contract is not being lived
up to, and the company cannot supply
the coal because it refuses to sign an
agreement with the striking miners in
That this fuel shortage has been the
excuse for orders by the New York
Transit Commission, relieving the In>
terborough from giving full schedules
of service, and that so long as the W
thorities in New York permit inefflci
ent subway service so that the
Berwind-White Coal Company can devote its energies to fighting union min
ers instead of supplying coal they are
aiding a union-breaking campaign.
That thev Berwind-White miners in
Somerset and Cambria Counties, Pa.
are anxious to send a committee to
Mayor Hylan apctfhe Board of Estimate to explain their readiness to
mine subway coal under a signed
agreement, and*1 tell why they can
never roturn to the old non-union
conditions, against which they have
been striking since April.
That the "Subway Sun" for the
week of Sept. 18, 1922, contained a
statement that the Interborough Rapid
Transit Company had spent a million
dollars for coat last summer due to
strikes; that such extra drain will go
on bo long as the Berwlnd-Whlte strike
continues and that the city will be
compelled to pay the extra costs of
fighting the strike as well as enduring
bad service, If it falls to take the stand
for a settlement.
That the agreement asked by the
Ber wind-White miners Is the same as
that which was signed by all other organized districts in the country.
That the Berwind-White miners are
part of the seventy to eighty thousand
strikers still out, principally in Somerset, Cambria, West Moreland and
Fayette Counties, Pa., and that besides the Berwind-White Company,
'lie chief employers who refuse the
agreement are the V. S. Steel Corporation (H. C. Frick Coal and Coke Co.)
and Rockefellers' Consolidated Coal
Your honornble board thereupon, on
the 26th day of September, 1922, held
n public hearing, at which various
labor representatives, including Jas.
Mark, vice-president of the United
Mine Workers of America, District
No. 2, Mr. Powers Hapgood and Jas.
Gibson of tho United Mine Workers
of America, attended and spoke. Thereafter, having heard tho grievances and
a recital of the distressing condition
of tho miners and other employees in
the Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Company
mines, your honorable board on Oct.
13, 1922, adopted a resolution authorizing the mayor to appoint a committee of five, to investigate the mining
and living conditions of the miners in
tho regions of tho Berwind-White
Coal Company, particularly in relation
to the coal suplied to the Interborough
Rapid Transit Company, in which latter corporation, it is calculated, the
City of New York has an Investment
of, approximately, three hundred million dollars.
Appointment of Committee
On October 26, 1922, his honor
Mayor John F. Hylan, appointed the
following committee;
David Hirshfleld, Commissioner of
Accounts, chairman.
Mrs. Louis 11. Welzmiller, deputy
commissioner of Public Markets,
John Lehman, assistant corporation
Amos T, Smith, mechanical engineer
of the offlce of the secretary of the
board of estimate and apportionment.
Thomas F. Moran, examiner of the
bureau of investigations, department
of finance.
Chairman Refuses Offer of Interborough Official
Within a day or two after the appointment of the committee, an official of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company, well-known to the chairman, called the chairman on the telephone and offered to provide for the
coinmittee In one of the Berwind-
White Coal Company's cottages during its stay in the Johnstown coal regions. The chairman refused the
offer, but suggested that, having previously communicated with the min
ers' representatives to meet the committee on its arrival at the Fort Stan>
wix hotel, Johnstown, Pa., he would
be, pleased to have that coal mining
company's representatives meet the
committee at the same time and place,
In answer, tho Interborough official
promised to have the superintendent,
or assistant superintendent of the
Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Mining Company
mines meet the committee, on its arrival at the hotel in Johnstown.
The committee set out upon its commission, with an unprejdicued and
opea mind, determined to hear all
sides of the controversy, and reached
Johnstown on Saturday evening, Oct.
28, 1922. Upon its arrival at the
hotel, the committee found there
awaiting it the miners' representatives, but no one from the Berwlnd-
Whlte Coal Mining Company.
From the time the committee arrived in Johnstown until it left, it was
constantly under the surveillance of
the spies of the coal companies; tho
rooms of the committee in the hotel
were ransacked and even their mail
tampered with, and everything possible was done to make the stay of your
committee there as uncomfortable as
Con Ult Ions Found at the Coal Fields
On Sunday, Oct, 29, 1922, your committee, accompanied by representatives of the mine workers, visited the
Berwind-White Coal Mining Company's coal fields at Windber, Scalp
Level and Seanor. The day was cold
and blustery and ice was evident
everywhere from the heavy frost of
the night before.
At the Windber mine, the committee found no strikers, and, according
to information, those who had been,
evicted at this mine had moved to
other fields nearby.
At Mine No. 40, located at Scalp
Level, about thirty-two families, including one hundred and eighty child
ren, were found living in tents on the
bare ground, without stoves or other
protection from the cold. These families, lt was stated, were the remainder
of a group of 200 families who had
been evicted from their homes at this
mine by the Berwind-Whlto Coal and
Iron Police, shortly after the commencement of the strike in April, 1922.
Some of the evicted families had been
taken care of in barracks erected by
tho union and in the homes of relatives, while others who, in some manner, had secured sufficient funds to
move away, had obtained employment
In union mines. The families without
funds and without friends could not
leave the district but were compelled
to stay where they were and depend
for their subsistence upon the meagre
sum advanced them by the union.
At Mine-No. 38, located at Seanor,
only ten families were found out of
tho original 150 families evicted from
their homes at this mine, Some of
these families were living ln henhouses, cow sheds, cellars and under
tents. Hero also, the union supplied
these people with enough food to keep
thom existing.
The committoe wns Informed that
the funds of the-union available for
asslsilug.ihe striking miners and their
families tn keep them from starvation,
woro    rapidly    becoming    exhausted.
That being so, the future of these people for coming winter is very dark indeed.
^At alt the mines which the committee visited, it found most of the women and ohlldren barefooted and
scantily-clad. The feet and limbs of
most of these unfortunates, particularly those of the children, were scarred and bleeding from walking on
hard Ice, through underbrush and over
stone. The picture was most depressing.
The Influences of all the years of
meagre living and struggle for mere
existence among these barren hills,
had left an .imprint on tMese miners
and their families, that amounted almost to despair. Their women folks
become old and hollow-eyed before
their time. The children were found
undersized, and with supplicating
eyes begging for help.
Most. of the miners In Somerset
County are Poles, Russians, Slovaks,
Hungarians, with a few Welsh and
very few Irish. Many of them have
been there for many years. In some
instances, two generations have been
working in these mines and the second
generation is just as poor as was the
The customs and habits of the various peoples from their native lands
are being preserved. The older women wear kerchiefs on their heads,
and the young women, on special occasions, adorn themselves with various bright-colored boudoir caps.
The children, besides attending the
local public schools, are also educated
ln the tongue of the native land of
their parents. Seeing one of these
mining camps is about the same as
visiting a village in Hungary, Czechoslovakia or Russia.
No mattor from what land they
came, these people are all blessed with
large families, averaging from five to
six children. To their credit, however,
it must be said that no matter under
what conditions these people were
found living, whether in a hen house,
cow shed, cellar or tent, a picture of
the Saviour, properly framed, had the
conspicuous placo in the improvised
home, and cleanliness reigned everywhere. In every instance where
housewife eould boast of a stove, It
was found shining mirrorlike.
Everywhere the committee was met
by the smell of boiling cabbage. In
former years, the committee was in
formed, when the men worked more
steadily and the cost of living was
cheaper, their families could afford
meat about every other day, but now
they were lucky to get meat once a
week. The man when working gets
meat oftener, to take along ln his
dinner pail. The average daily diet
for the men, women and children,
young and old, consists of bread and
coffee for breakfast, cabbage and potatoes for dinner, bean soup and potatoes for Bupper.
It appears that the Berwinde-White
Coal Mining Company maintained a
force of armed guards at each of Its
mines and the miners complained
that these armed guards would come
over to the camps dally and endeavor
to pick quarrels with the strikers and
treat their women in a disrespectful
manner. Your committee was informed that two days before its arrival,
these guards disappeared from view
and, with the exception of the Wind*
ber mines, no armed guards were visible at any of the mines.
Tlio ltarwiii(l-Whito Coal Mines aud
Methods of Mining
The Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Mining
Company's mines ni-e semi-bituminous
or soft coal mines, and most of them
are of the type known as 'drift" mines.
In a "drift" mlno, a tunnel is driven
into the seam of coal at the point
where it emerges from the side of the
mountain. Thence the tunnel gradually slopes downward, following the
coal seam, until the main seam of coal
ia reached at a distance of from one
to ten miles from the mouth of the
In "shaft" mines, the coal generally
lies In deeper strata of earth than in
the "drift" mines, The coal is located
with a core drill and a shaft is sunk
into the ground to the level of the
coal seam,
Cnmujittee Descends Into a Conl Mlno
To get first hand information how
coal Is being mined, tho committee
visited a coal mine on the 1st day of
November, 1922. However, owing to
the fact that tlie mine was only recently opened, the committee was not
obliged to go further than about a
mile out in the mine and several hundred feet down, to reach the heading,
or room where coal was actually being
mined. This experience gave the
committeo a full realization of the
conditions under which the miners aro
compelled to work.
(To  be  continued  next week)
Come and Look at this
for $55
It's, made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H.B.C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good Weight and fine finish, fitted
with six cooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl_%-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $25.00 more
than wfe are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
Hudson's Bay Company
Oet your workmate to subscribe for
The Federatlonist.
Alwaya look up The Fed. advertisers
before making purchases.
Fresh Cot Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental arid Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florfeta' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co.' Ltd.
- 48 Hastings Street East        2—STORES—2        SSS Oranvllle Street
Sey. 988-672 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Soy. 9.M3-I3B1
AIR. GILMOUR, one of thy commls-<
"* slonora of tho Workman's Com-
pcntmtlon Board, Is quoted In tho Paciilc CoaBt Lumberman, au handing
out smut. ndvk'G to the camp owners
on tho Coaat. One of tho points niun-
tloned by tho commifiHlonei- Ih what ho
conaldora tho need of lecturea In tho
campa on safety tlrat, and auggeetfl
that the Loggers Aaaoclatlon aendlng
out a qualified man through the campa
for this purpose.
Whilo It Is true that It would not
hurt the meu ln cump any to havo
locturea on thla subject, yet lt la needless to expect the boas loggers to pay
for thoso lectureB, Why ahould thoy?
Isn't humnn life the cheapest thing
they havo to buy? A man*- Uko a
mule, only coats his mnster what it
requires to keep him alive and keep
on working; and when bo gots killed,
all tho boss logger has to do Is to ship
the body to town, and order from his
blacklisting agency a live man to tnko
his plnco, Why then should the muster worry whether some of the mon
working for him lives or dlos? Last
yoar, whon ono logger died from tho
offocla of his work, tho body could not
even bo burled until after throe weeks,
when aome friends took Up a collection
to pny for the oxponses of burial.
Then thoro Is tho fact that If thc
men working in the camps are educated in "safety Ural rulos," tbey may
refuse to tnke tho chances they are at
presont doing. For Instance, they
might demand tbat somo of the worn-
out equipment which ihe camp owner
Is endangering their livos by using In
order to lncreaae proflta, bo discarded,
or that healthy food only bo suppllod,
or that tho camp bo kept In a strictly
*■»■(-i,|ii»iiti,—l ■ti,|Mii>n|ii|ii|ii> Hi.l H  I  •■■tii|ii«i.|
►healthy und aunltury condition. If
they did that, they would be branded
as agitators, aud blacklisted- as undesirables.
What should be done la for the
Workmen's Compensation Hoard, or
tho Provincial government, or whoever la supposed to look after that
work, to send out a man to see that
all the camps havo the first f.ld kit
which the law stipulates they must
have. When tho union was powerful
onough to see that this was done, lt
wus looked aftor; sinco that time, it
has been allowed to drop oft until today most of the first aid kits only contain a few bandages, a bottle of Iodine
and a package of Kpsom Salts.
yhe condition of some of theae first
aid kits is a lasting monument to the
uselessness of laws supposed to benefit
Labor, whon there is not a Sufficiently
powerful Labor organization" tQ enforce
theso lawa. It is true that probably
tho Compensation Hoard would Investigate theae cases If they nro brought
to thoir attention, but there is the
blacklist td take caro of the men who
would dare to report lt.
Lumberlng la today the moat dangerous occupation in British Columbia,
and It ls so because of the speeding Up
practised py thc cnmp owners, and
also becauae they have chasod so many
experienced mon out of the woods, and
put unskilled ohes in their placo,
Safety Ilrst or no safety first, logging
will continue to bc dangerous util the
mon working In the CampB become
conscious of the conditions that confront thom, and organize thomaolvoa
solidly enough to make the lumber
kings to Improve their working conditions.
At tin* Orpheum
That variety may be the spice of
acting as well as of life, is the philosophy of William Paveraham,
When ho was a young man, and a
newcomer In the theatre, Mr, Fnver-
ahain was gratifying hia ambition to
play a largo variety of roles. Ono day,
meoting Kdwln Booth In the Players'
Club, ho told Booth of his dealre, and
was strongly advised to chango his
course, na Booth regarded actors of
versatility as embarking upon hazardous careers. Belter choose a certain
Held and stick to It, wus Booth's advice.
But Mr. Favoraham, as is well-
known, did not take Booth's advice.
Ho Joined the Empire Stock company,
then undor the direction of tho late
Chnrlos Frohman, and remained with
that organization for upwards of ten
yeara. His first leading part was that
of Oil de Boarault. in "Under the Bed
Robe." Thnt role was a characterization of a romantic swordsman of the
time of Richelieu.
Fn_t Mights slid T_r«» Mattn.ss
0RY8TAL_BENNETT and 00.	
MltsTlli--*0 66°i NlBlts: 2Bc to |1
Twice Daily. 2:80 snd 8:20
RECOVERY of Ancient Eastern charm presents an inestimable boon to mankind in bestowing Power and Success
upon all wearers.
Evil infiuencoe are removed, accidents warded ofT, planetary malignance overcome. Its touch betokens the dawn of a new existence.
Its wear immediately releases all the powers for good and brings that
Joy and bliss, lovo and plenty, whtch'you have long hoped tor and
struggled to obtain.
"Trilokbejoy" or the Mystic Charm
(Conqueror of the Universe)
A Divine Gift I Sought after for oct-ttirtc.-l Recovered by mere accident from
the disciple of a Hindu Kngo, dweller of the Btuictlfiud, mysterious, Sttowy heights
of tho Himalayas. Confirmed sjcptlcs testify lo Uk miraculoiir powcru. Mnn
and women everywhero acclaim its potentiality in realising material expectations,
bringing ln prosperity and securing a lover's affection. To ha worn M a pendant
or on ths anti. Write Nam* and Address Ugibly, stating SEX of th* intending
wearer vhen ordering.
Price.—Encased In copper, inclusive postage, packing und registration cost, eto., $1.60, doz. $10; silver $2, doz. 915; gold
$1.80, doz. 9<1!>.    CASH WITH ORDER.
Complete Instructions on how to get best results with each charm
Evsrj Hon., Wad. ud Sit. Evenings
804 HOENBT ST. Opp. Oourt Honss
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage.. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after tosting Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.   •
Insist Upon
Cascade ___>-____-__•
fifteenth YEAR, no. 4 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vANcopyim, b. a
FRIDAY January 2'Ji j
Specials for
We have selected another group
of high-grade pure wool Overcoats from our regular stock,
which we are offering at a ridiculous price for Saturday's
selling. These coats are in all
sizes, all colors, and all the snappy wanted styles, and are regular values to $25. For rapid
clearance we've marked them
down to
Pare All Wool
Regular $9 Value
These coats are particularly well finished with taped
seams, ample collars, and storm cuffs, and come in
many colors, in pleasing check patterns and plaids;
they're the regular Norfolk style, at only
45-49 Hastings St., East
Mall Orders Sent Express Prepaid Upon Receipt of Price Quoted.
Address Dept. "It"
««««««« ******* ****** «««««*
Erery reader o( Tbe Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
they are due, and by inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
mueh effort to do this.   Try It.
By a vote of 87 to 84, the Berlin
municipal council, at an extraordinary
meeting held ln December, 1922, re<
solved to dismiss approximately 3000
employees. Economic necessity was
the cause of the reduction.
Stock-taking Sale
$7.50 and $8 Oxfords
A Two-day Clearance of
Smart Footwear
This represents an luminal opportunity for you
to buy good Footwear at an astonishingly low
price. There are eight styles in brown and
blaok; all shapes pf heels, Cuban, Louis and
low; No. 1 quality calfskin and kid*and all
Shoei hare leather counter! and insoles and
welted loles. It will pay you to take advantage of thii offer without delay before the sizes
are broken,
Pierre Paris
Counts and
Likewise PRICE
"W/E ARE led by old desires, and4
" ancient hates, and stained by
crimes of many vanished years, and
pushed by hands that long ago were
still, until we feel like some bewildered slave that mockery has crowned
and throned."—Ingersoll.
Last Thursday Pr. Curry began the
consideration of the mind and morals
of our savage ancestors, and claimed
that the same blogentlc laws of Inherited tendencies, apply to man, as to
the lower animals. Just as dogs,
horses, fowls, etc., persist in exhibiting wild instincts, often worse than
useless, so it Is with man, and many
of the Ravage and brutalizing forces
conspicuous today in society can be
traced back to the Jungles of primitive
man, and his animal ancestors.
Unfortunately, many of these brute
Instincts Instead of being repressed,
are today stimulated, and even glorified by the rulers of our material and
mental world, "and yet," Bald the
speaker, "we should not expect too
much." Go back 2000 years, and we
find that Instead of the proud races
and empires of today, there are only
the barbarous tribes representing mo*
dern man, and 1000 years further
back, our fathers and mothers were
but cannibalistic savages, whose occupation was either killing wild animals for food, or slaying the people of
other tribes.
Man has now "weighed the atom,
and the star;" he has harnessed tbe
lightning and the flood, he can soar
swifter than eagles above the clouds,
or navigate under the waves of the
ocean; he flashes messages which encircle the earth swifter than the wings
of light, and yet because of his rulers,
he uses these powers, not to conquer
the enemies of man, but rnther to
generate enemies for man.
The fangs of the tiger have been
multiplied a million fold in destruction through shot and shell, ln poisonous gas used by Christian nations;
the venom of the serpent has been
increased a million times. True, man
hns reason, but lt ls used to brutalize,
nnd destroy himself as yet, and we
mny well say with Goethe's MephaBto-
phcles," life somewhat better might
content him, but for the gleam of
heavenly light, that Thou hast given
him, he calls it reason, hence his powers increase to be still beostller than
nny beast."
Our Outlook Depends on thc Wny Wc
Gain Our Living
If hunting and fighting were the occupations of our savage ancestors, and
us the law of killing and being killed
ruled the past, and If, as we have
seen, Instincts are inherited habits of
our forebears, then there Is nothing
strange that this "original sin" of brutality Is so prominent today, for we
see that brute strength, and the powers of destruction control modern nations.
Lubbeck, in his "Origin of Civilization," presents many facts regarding
the modern savage, which apply equally to our savage ancestors. He says:
"They are bigoted, barbarous and
superstitious, and regard most of the
vices of higher man as virtuous, theft,
arson, rape and murder are to them
means of distinction. The young Indian Is taught from Infancy that killing is the highest virtue, and his am*
bition 1s to wear the feather which ls
the evidence of having killed a human
being." Savages believe ln slavery.
"What?" said a negro to Burton, "am
I to starve while my sister has children whom I can sell?" Burton also
says, "Negro kings are delighted with
toys, rubber faces, etc.; they are like
The speaker then showed how "superior" we were to those savages. He
claimed there were men and women
In this country claiming to be matured, who were oven delighted with toy
kings, and 'rubber stamps," called
politicians, and our great emancipator, George Washington, who fought
for "life, liberty. In pursuit of happiness" used , bought and sold slaves,
and never opposed Negro slavery;
while today there ore-millions of civilized men, women nnd children enduring fnmine nnd economic servitude,
more degrading and destructive than
life was with primitive man.
As for Indian children being taught
the glory of kilting their enemies,
What is the basis," said the speaker,
"of imperialism, patriotism and warfare, taught In our schools, and glorified in our press and pulpit, but machine murder?" Today, war Is not to
save the lives of the tribe, but for the
Moscow Delegates
Are Given Good Time
(Continued from page 1)
whose position Is equivalent to mayor
of Moscow and governor of Moscow
province combined, was being tossed
forward lo tho platform in this way.
He Is a very dlgnlfled gentleman, and
a polished man of the world in ap-
pearunce. When they got him to the
platform In this undignified *wny they
upended him and set him on his feet;
whoreupon he pulled his clothes into
shape nnd smilingly began to preside
nt the bunquet. At the other ond of
the vnst brilliant hnll, Claude Mackny,
the Negro poet of America, was going
up in the air nlso, holding himself
rigidly In n sitting position, with a
broad grin on his fnce.
Tomorrow again they would be
fighting, the Utile tng ends of flghtB
left over by tho vnrious congresses,
which hnd whipped most of the main
conflicts into unified programs for tho
nntionnl sections to tnko home nnd
work oil for nnother yenr. There
were plenty of disgruntled folks, nnd
folks whose grudges, added to their
nut urn 1 capacity for revolting against
everything, would make life unpleasant for their fellow workers later.
Yes, thoy woren't all heroes, or even
agreeable humans. But on this night
the differences were forgotten, and the
spirit of comradeship was unleashed
and triumphant. They remembered
—or waa it the Russian comrades present ln such overwhelming numbers
that reminded them—that they were
one vast army of workers setting out
to conquer the world.
That was tho noto on which they
closod and went home, some to the
slow- and tedious tasks of labor organization and education, to work for
amalgamation by Industries and political action ns workers, and others to
face the guns of the Fascisti or the
unheralded but even more bloddy massacres of India and the far corners of
awakening Asia.
'glory of statesmen, and profits for oil
kings, and traders, and we have added
to the crimes of the despised savage,
that most disgusting and vicious one
of hypocrisy.
Lubbeck says that theft, arson, rape
and murder Inflicted upon the enemy
are virtues in the eyes of the souks,
but the greatest— carnival of these
"virtues" In the history of the world,
began in 1914, and it was between
Christian nations fighting to make
the world safe for democracy, and for
the "self-determination of weaker
In Germany today, even the heathen
may notice, how the victors of this
groat war for liberation, are putting
their Christian ideals Into operation.
The savage of ancient and modern
times, unpolluted by "civilized virtues," while he frankly treats other
tribes as his enemies, fs communistic
in his habits, and equality and fraternity reign within tho tribe. He
knows not millionaires or paupers,
palaces and slums, and even our Pauline Johnson hns shown us that among
her people, a man who refused to do
his share of work, was a thing despised and hated, while with us, the
plutocratic or feudalists superior to
the industrial classes or middle class
Dr. Curry showed some pictures Illustrating these Instincts of fear, and
fighting, hunting and fishing, of imitation, of indolence, etc., showing how
these vestigel forceB of bygone days
still exist, but he believed that with
establishment of industrinl democracy
and co-operation, these brutal Instincts would disappear, and new habits, and real virtues would develop,
which would be in harmony with universal brotherhood, and true peace
nnd prosperity. Next Thursday's subject will be: "The first men, nnd how
they arrived."
International Says to
Stay in the Old
American Delegates Get a
Big Surprise at Labor
Union Congress
[By Anise]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Moscow (by delayed mall)—American Labor unions, not affiliated with
the A. F. ,t L„ but represented at the
congress held here of the Red International of Labor Unions, were instructed to seek reunion with Gompers' organization. The congress told
them, to attempt to return not as individuals but organizod groups.
United Front of Labor; Stay ln the
Old Trade Unions; Preserve Their
Unity Against the Common Enemy.
These were the slogans heard most
often at the sessions of the Red International.
They were no empty words. Most
of the two weeks of the congress
were devoted to detailed planning,
country by country, of ways to avoid
splitting the Labor movement, now
going on all over the world under the
onslaughts of the employers.
There are two large International
organizations of Labor unions. One is
the Amsterdam International Federation of Trade Unions, composed of
the old line trade unions of Europe,
which although considered by Gompers as too Socialistic to Join, have lined
up with their governments in supporting the League of Nations, and in advocating gradual reforms In the capitalist system. It has the larger number of the big European federations
united with it.
Within each of these federations are
minorities affiliated with the Red. International which has, in addition, 10
national federations and representation from Asia, Africa, Australia and
the two Americas, Forty-one countries were represented at thts Moscow
The flrst big surprise to the American delegates was to learn that
throughout Europe the progressive
groups, instead of splitting off, as so
many American unions have done, are
actually having to flght for their right
to remain. The conservative officials,
fearing the growth of the radical wing
of their movement, are throwing out
the reds by hundreds of thousands,
even by whole organizations.
In Germany and Czechoslovakia
such expulsions have reached a place
where the expelled unions have formed a council of action, to flght for re-
nlllMution with their old unions, The
policy of tho Red International Is
givon In no uncertain terms:
"It ls your duty to remain in the old
unions, where every day drives the
masses farther in your direction. You
must keep In contact with them and
bo ready to lead them.
"It Is your duty to help ln every
strugglo of the workers, even for temporary aims like wages, and hours and
conditions. Thus you will help weld
the Labor movement Into a single
fighting mass, while always pointing
out the partial nature of such remedies."
The advocates of independent unions
from America, who held that the A.
F. of L. was too conservative for their
activity, got cold comfort from the
programme outlined by Lozovsky, president of the Red International.
"If this is Indeed true," he said In
his report, "it merely indicates that
you must give up for the time the
hope of social revolution, since without the masses, organized in trade
unions, the social revolution Is Impossible."
These groups were told not to dissolve and re-enter the American federation as individuals, but to negotiate for re-entrance In groups, thus
protecting their members.
The only question at issue was
whether tho Independent unions
should flrst form a Joint council of
Violate Erery Law of the
Country and Get Away
With It
Press  of  All  Capitalistic
Countries Remain
The same American newspaper editors who gushed buckets of blood over
the alleged Bolshevik atrocities in
Russia, are strangely mute In condemning the barbarous outrages inflicted upon the co-operative societies
and workers' organizations In Italy
by the reactionary Fascisti. These
tools of big business recently seized
the government of Italy at the point
of the sword, in violation of the principles of civilized law and democratic
government, They are now making
war on the successful Italian co-operative societies. Reports have Just
reached the All-Americnn Co-operative Commission from Italian and
Belgian co-operators and the International Co-operative Alliance revealing the naked and uncensored truth
about the looting, pillaging, burning
and general destruction of co-operative societies and Labor temples
throughout Italy by the Fascisti. Not
only the local stores, but the very
headquarters of co-operative federations have been seized by bands of
Fascists, sacked and then burned. The
famous Raspani Palace at Ravenna,
headquarters of the Romangna Federation of Co-operative Societies, has
just been wantonly destroyed with a
financial loss of 1,200,000 lire and the
destruction of art treasures beyond
cnlculntion. In some sections the big
business men and shopkeepers hnve
called upon tho Fascisti to come and
destroy the co-operative societies. Besides the losa of property, the managers nnd employees of the co-opera-
tlvcs have been brutally nssaulted and
even tortured, and compelled to leave
their homes undor threats of death,
The Belgian co-operators hnve written a vigorous protest to the Italian
government against "the violence, the
attacks on persons, nnd the brutnl destruction of property," nnd ask the
Italian government in the name of
world-wide co-operatives, "how, in a
country of high civilization, ia lt possible for these people to menace, to
terrorize, to beat and even to kill the
administrators of the co-operatives
with impunity, to sack and burn their
stores, or to seize illegally their
Since the Fascisti have seized the
government and intimidate the courts,
these crimes have not only gone un
punished, but flnanclal compensation
has even been refused to the co-operative societies. The Fascists are
equipped -with munitions and arms
furnished directly by the Italian mill
tary, and are often accompanied by
army officers. The co-operators, who
are totally unarmed, have so far assumed a policy of passive resistance,
and are calling upon the co-operators
of the civilized world to bring more
pressure to bear upon the Fascists'
rulers of Italy to end this reign of
terror and destruction. ' It cannot be
said that these excesses are aimed
against the Communists, for the Italian
co-operative movement is in no way
connected with ' Communism. Its
leaders are non-political co-operators,
Labor unionists or conservative Socialists. The truth Is that the remark
able success of co-operation in Italy
has so alarmed the big business Interests that they nre employing Fascisti
thugs and reactionary military officers
to crush Italian co-operation with bayonets, club and bomb.
Says Arkansas Riots Not
Countenanced by Labor
Chicago—Attempts In the metropolitan press to fasten the responsibility
for the anti-Labor riots and lynching
In Harrison, Ark., upon violence "ordered" by international officers of railwny unions, were promtply checkmated by B. M. Jewell, president railway
employees department, A, F. of L.,
who Issued the following statement:
'Such frameups as those in Harrison, Ark., and Trenton, Mo., show
that the railrpads which have rejected
a settlement are ln a bad way to keep
their cnso before ihe public.
"Public opinion hjpporled the settlement which httB been nccepted by
important roads in all parts of the
country. Only those rouds whlch-hod
determined to destroy the legitimate
organizations of thcir employees stiH
hold out. They have failed to mnke
good their claim that they could oper-
nto their ronds without the sensoned
men whom thoy are keeping from
work. Thoy are now resorting to actions by which they hope to placo the
blame for violence upon the organized
But the organizations have a clear
record. From the outset of the Btrike,
violence has been discouraged. The
membership has been instructed to
shun those who advocate violence.
Such provocateurs are supplied by private detective agencies to discredit a
causo which needs no violence to win
the ultimate victory. When these
railroads listen to publio opinion, and
agree to end the present lockout, service will again be resumed without'
the Interruptions which have caused
certain communities inconvenience."
Oood quality Serges, made up in smart fitting oonserrattvij
$19.75 to $35.50
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
Society for Technical Aid to Soviet
The basket social held by the S. T.
A. S. R. last Saturday ln the Clinton
hall, was a decided success from every
point of viow. That those present en-
Joyed themselves ls evidenced by the
surplus. Although aU tickets have
not been turned in, the committee in
charge reports a balance of about
$100 clear of all expenses.
Part of this fund Is being donated
for the purchase of machinery and
farming implements for the Novy Thi-
zer (New Life) Commune. This is an
agricultural commune of deomblllzed
Red army soldiers, who are learning
modem methods of farming from one
of the American groups, who left here
last year.
Thirty dollars of the surplus will
also be invested in the Russian Technological Institute of .New York, a
school that hns been opened for technical instruction of Russian speaking
nationals desiring to return to S|
The local branch of the S. T,
R. are now organizing a second :
cultural group to follow the one I
went  to  Russia last June.    Lei
from members now In Soviet R.I
affirms satisfaction with the chatl
No Individual can get to Soviet Jf
sia except through thie organizal
and any Individual desiring to join!
group can get. further Information
writing to the secretary, 61 CorJ
Street West. Intending members i
have at least $000 for transports]
and tools.
The greatest assistance tbat |
readers of The Federatlonist <
der us at this time, Is by securl
new subscriber. By doing so
spread tlie news of the working c|
movement and assist ns.
action, covering all such unions, or
whether they should work for amalgamation by industries. The amalgamation method was the one favored by
the congress, which appointed Wm.
Z. Foster as American member on the
executive, with Jack Johnstone of the
Painters Union as alternate,
Tailors to Particular Men
h. r.
Storry & McPherson
Upstairs at 653 OBANVILLE ST.    Seymour 1388
—two indispensable requirements in every
home. How does the Consumer get his supply?
The reader is asked to carefully read and consider the
following facts:
—and for years the citizens of Vancouver and vicinity ]
have been endeavoring to obtain advantages as regards J
their coal supply by dealing direct with the produccr-
by getting their coal from the Mine Owner.
Royal Commissions have investigated—reports on Muni"
cipal Coal Yards have been presented—semi-public com-1
mittces have gone into the matter from various angles— j
and the invariable verdict of the public has been that'
direct dealing would be to the public advantage.'
It has, however, been impossible to secure the cooperation of the Producers of Coal—the Mine Ow-1
ners—in such a form as to make this system of deal-'
Ing from the Producer to the Consumer possible.
Nevertheless, the great majority of the public firmly be- ]
lieve that it would be to the advantage of the Consumer |
if they dealt directly with the Producer as regards tlieir ]
coal supply.
—and the Fraser Valley Milk Producers' Association!
has made it possible for every Consumer in. Vancouver j
The 1800 farmers who supply your milk are organized '
in a Co-operative Association which operates the farms
—the herds—from which your milk comes.
These same 1800 farmers own the Fraser Valley Dairies,
which daily distributes tho milk from thcir farms to
your doors. '
You buy your milk direct from the producer—the
farmer. Co-operatively he brings his milk to the
city—co-operatively he handles it here for distribution—co-operatively he delivers it daily at your door.
direct from the
Producer to
the Consumer
12 Quarts for $1
Fraser Valley Milk
Producers' Association


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