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British Columbia Federationist Nov 2, 1923

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL r*\Y;  STRENGTH
Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
.4 POLITICALUNITY-: VICTORY
FIFTEENTH XfrVjL   No. 44
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 2, 1923
$2.50 PER YEAR
Aid. R. P. Pettipiece Una;
Chosen for Mayoralty for
Vancouver, 1924
ALDERMANIC    CANDIDATES
Special Meeting Will be Held on
November Dth to Nominate
Full Ticket
A LD. R. P. PETTIPIECE is la-
- bor's choice for mayor of Vancouver for 1924. This decision
was arrived at on Friday, Oct. 26,
at a meeting of theVancouver and
district labor representation committee after all the angles of the
coming municipal contests had
been thoroughly discussed. The
decision was unanimous, and the
civic committee was instructed to
report to a special meeting to be
held on the 9th of November, as
to candidates for thc aldermanic
board. All labor organizations in
Vancouver are being circularized
to send representatives to the next
meeting, and a campaign fund has
been started. Donations to this fund
■will be welcomed by tho civic committee.
At the meeting held last Friday, tho
ono outstanding feature was the unanimous desiro to elect working class
candidates to the various municipal
bodies. Tho elections in Vancouver,
South Vancouver, North Vancouver
and Burnaby will bo contested in labor's interests. The interest ls centred at this timo On the Vancouver
election, that being thc first contest
and will take placo in December.
Alderman Pettipiece, with hfs record
of service in the ranks of organized
labor, was recognized as the logical
candidate for the mayoralty for 1824,
especially after his record vote in the
civic election of 1922 for the 1923
council.
At that time tho slogan "Pettipiece
for mayor for 1924," was launched,
and has caught on to such an extent
that there seoms but little doubt, for
the first timo in its history, Vancouver will havo a labor mayor, elocted
by labor and nominated by the men
who create the wealth which the province Is so well known for, but which
the workers do not enjoy. In addition to the civic elections, the coming
provincial election was dealt with, and
the committee decided that action
would bo at onco takon to place suitable candidates ln the field.
The various labor organizations affiliated with the Labor Representation committee, are expected to use
overy effort to elect Pettlplece, and to
support the various candidates for al-
dermanlq honors, not only in the city,
but in the adjoining municipalities.
Every means of supporting the working class representatives in the provincial house, and civic bodies, will be
utilized hy the commltee, In the endeavor to soo that labor's views are
expressed and given the widest publicity.
As the meeting of the Labor He-
presentation committee was the first
general meeting callod under the constitution as adopted and approved by
the affiliated organizations, the attendance was beyond expectations.
Committees wero elocted, and officers
appointed to carry on the work of the
organization. Tho financial position
of the organization Is much better
than could have been expected, and
the now affiliations mado on Friday,
wero an Index os to the interest which
is being taken in the move to create
a united working class political front.
An even larger attendance Is expected at the meeting to bo held on
November 9th, when definite choices
will be made for aldermonlc honors
In Vancouver and adjoining municipalities. While the provincial situation will be fully covered and plans
laid for a provincial election.
Propagandists Have Tested the
New Magic and Found It
"the Ooods"
In their report Juat issued the British broadcasting committee says: "It
may be that broadcasting holds social
and political possibilities as great as
any technical attainment of our generation." This Is a plain( If not
sincerely grammatical, guess at a perfectly obvious fact. Broadcasting
does hold social aud political possibilities which deserve the earnest attention of all students of the times.
As an aid In the manufacture of public opinion tho receiving set already
rivals the newspaper: in somo respects
It probably operates even more effect-
, ively than the older instrument. The
listener-in Is much more ready to bo
Intelluctually tickled by the earfull of
propaganda which pours Into him
from his own receiving set, which in
nine cases out of ton Is ho far a homemade product as to rank high In his
domestic affections, than Is the reader of tho news-sheet to respond spontaneously to tho coldor exhortations
picked up between breakfast and
office-time. Propagandists of every
shade have already tested tho new
magic and found it "the goods,"
OLD AOE ANNUITY
For  Workers  Provided  at Cost  by
Government of Canada
The dominion government department of labor is administering a system of annuities for wage workers,
under which any person over five
yeara of age domiciled In or a resident
of Canada can Insure themselves
against poverty ln old age. In a statement explaining the annuity system
by Minister of Labor, Murdock, who
administers the Bystem, it is pointed
out a worker 25 years of age who
wishes to provide himself with an annuity of 1300 to begin at 60 ls required
to make a monthly payment of but
13.43, or about 80 cents a week. If at
the age of 40 he desires to Increase
the annuity to $600 the additional
monthly payment ls $8.47. Should the
worker die before he reaches the age
of 60, all his payments, plus 4 per
cent, compound interest will be returned to his heirs.
LONGSHORE WAGES
Wages on Waterfront Lower Than
Many Other Hazardous
Occupations
LUXURIES    NOT    POSSIBLE
Much  Time  Lost  Waiting  for
Ships—Average Weekly
Wage Only $30
[Longshoremen's Strike Bulletin]
TTHERE Is a general impression
' abroad, fostered in part by the
fairy tales of the journals of misinformation, that tho wages paid for long-
shoring are much higher than those
paid for work of a similar character
in other occupations. Our journalistic
scribes on the local press feature the
automobiles possessed by certain longshoremen as an evidence of tho luxury
in which they revel. That forty or
fifty individuals out of a possible 1200,
boast of a Ford is not a remarkable
record, especially when most of these
fortunate individuals are either foremen or mombors, of what aro known
on the waterfront as the "star gang."
We have hoard that thero are actually
carpenters, printers, mechanics and
even laborers in this city whp own
"tin lizzies."      .    .    .
Waterfront employment is not continuous employment; on the contrary,
lt Is very uncertain and intermittent
in character. Ships do not come into
port with any degree of regularity. .
. . Much time is spent in waiting
for ships to arrive. . . . Whilo a
man may earn $40 or $50 in one week,
there are many moro when he will be
lucky to make $5 or $10. As a result,
the average wage paid for waterfront
work is not in excess of that paid in
logging camps, mines and similar arduous occupations.
Remember, it Is just as necessary
for the longshoremen to eat and keep
his family while waiting for ships as
it is to eat while actually working on
the job.    .    .    ,
Previous to March, 1921, the Shipping Federation and the I. L, A, on
tho Vancouver waterfront had agreed
that $35 per week was the average
wage earned by longshoremen. This
was the basis on which compensation
was paid to tho workers injured in
this occupation. In March, 1921, tho
Shipping Federation protested to thc
Workmen's Compensation board that
the estimate of longshore wages was
much too high, and that from careful
calculations covering tho entire waterfront, $26 per week was the correct
average weekly earnings of the men.
After two or three months of negotiations the I. L. A. succeeded In Inducing tho employers to accept $30
per week as the basis for compensation, which sum still stands as thc official weekly earnings of longshoremen In Vancouver as set forth by tho
Workmen's Compensation board of
British Columbia,
Machinery Beats Cheaper Labor
Two factors enable the Unltel States
to sell rice to Japan In competition
with Siam nnd French Indo-Chlnn,
with their abundance of comparatively
cheaper labor—the superior quality of
tho American product and the uso of
machinery In the American rice fields.
It has been estimated that more than
110 days' work is required to raise
an acre of lowland rice In the Far
East, while in the United States two
daya' labor, with the aid of a team
af horses for one and one-half days,
suffices to grow an acre of rice. The
yield per acre in tho United States Is
only slightly under that of Japan, despite the great amount of fertilizer and
hand labor used in that country,
World's oldest Concent
What is believed to be the oldest
definitely established Industrinl concern ln the world—Sore Kopparher-
gsluga In Bergen, Norway—Is celebrating this week its 700th birthday.
The company was founded in 1223 to
exploit copper from a mlno at Falun
and has mndo continuous deliveries
sinco  1225.
All In Pawn
At the moment our Industries aro in
pawn to tho super-capita lists, All our
manufacturing resources arc in pawn
to the banks, and the banks are In
pawn to tho International capltallata.
—Ben Tlllott, M, P,
News from Different British Columbia Ports Regarding
Oeneral Situation
VICTORIA IS TIED UP TIGHT
The Number of Strike-breakers
on Burrard Inlet Is
Exaggerated
[Longshoremen's Strike Bulletin]
■yiCTORIA is still standing pat. Our
v Information is to the effect that
everything is tied up tight-
Genoa Bay-rA. steamer has moved
here fom Nanoose Bay. She Is being worked by two gangs of sawmill
handB embracing every nationality
except Indian. They are making as
much progress as the farmers at
Nanoose Bay did on her last week.
She may clear with a full cargo and
go down to Seattle or one of the
lumber ports ln Washington lo get
it straightened out before she puts
to sea,
Nunooso Bay—The steamer left
here during the week. Thoy evidently despaired of ever getting the
ship away from B. C. waters with tho
gang of farmers they had rustled in
this district so they moved her to
Genoa Bay where they are making
just twice the progress with two
gangs. Each gahg is handling all of
10,000 feet every ten hours. The
work goes on as usual.
Alberoi is still tied up. The situation is unchanged.
Eraser Mills—The steamer Sinaloa
cleared from here the end of the
week, presumably with her cargo. Sho couldn't have had much to
tako because she didn't take much.
Tho scabs are once more ba k on the
Empress "Hotel de Scab."
Dollnrton—The schooner is still
lying thore and no attempt is being
mado to work her. Tho mill was
closed down for overhaul. We haven't
heard lf it is running again yet. Funny
how these mills need their annual
overhaul right now, especially when
there la so much lumber to bo shipped.
Vancouver—A considerable number of scabs are now on the waterfront, but we know that the number
reported in the papers aro greatly
exaggerated and would suggest that
the numbers given by the-press were
divided by two they would more nearly approximate tho total. A trip
around tho waterfront by launch WlU
convince anyone that longshoring Is
a dangerous occupation at present.
Why more accidents do not occur Is no
doubt due to the fact that the devil
looks after his own. The more men
of the type already down there that
tho boss can get the more money
he loses. There Isn't a dozen capable
men on the entire waterfront at present	
LABOR INJNGLAND
Talk of Tariffs and Empire Development Like Chirping
of a Robin
MADE COLOSSAL SACRIFICE
Limits to Patience of British People—No Limit to Polly and
Levity of Rulers
LLabor Press Service]
T ONDON, Oct. 18.—It is quite obvious that no steps can be taken
to promote a trade without a violent
shock to tho economic mechanism
of this country, which Is dependent
to the extent of two-thirds of Its
trade upon free international dealings. All this talk of protective
tariffs, imporial preference, and empire development Is like the chirping
of a robin ln a snowstorm. It Ik Irrelevant nt tho best, and ut its worst
It Is heartless fraud by which lt Is
hoped to deceive the people of this
country, loading them to consent to
far-reaching changes in our fiscal
system which will beneflt nobody but
to advocate changes which will
necessarily Increase the cost of living
In this country from the moment the
changes aro made, and even bofore
they are made.
Farmers Want Protective Tariff
Farmers who domand a protective
tariff against imports of meat from
tho Argentine, or bacon and butter
from Denmark, are in effect asking
tho working peoplo of tho country,
who have already made colossal sacrifices of wages, to subsidise them.
The Bradford woollen manufacturers,
who are demanding protection
against their French nnd Belgian
competitors, are asking the working
people to pay moro for tho things
thoy wear. But how can thoy possibly pay more, with the pound at
loss than two-thirds of Its pre-war
valuo, and with the national wage bill
lower by nearly £700,000,000 than It
was less than threo years ago? Our
poople are sinking deeper In the
morass, anil nil that Is offered them
ns a moans of reaching solid ground
is something that will Infallibly
drivo them deeper. There nro limits
lo the patience of the British people,
but thoro seems to ho no limit to
tho folly nnd levity of their rulers.
No Time in Britiih Labor Crisis to
Evolve Schemes to Develop
Imperial Resources
SAMUEL CAWKER PffiS
Meets Fatal Accident—Held in
High Esteem—Funeral and
Floral Offerings
Sam Cawker, who mot an untimely
denth by accident while nt work on
the Baliantyne pier, on Wednesday
afternoon, October 2*i, was born fn
Woodstock, Ontario, in 1868'. He had
been a resident of Vancouver since
ISSfi. As mi ardent trade unionist, he
will be keenly missed by friends and
associates In the movement—especially will this be so in the case of the
membership of local No. 213, International Brotherhood of Electrical
Workers, in which organization he
held .continuous membership since
1905. He gave freely of his time und
energy to assist in building up tho
organization, and served several times
as president, vice-president and treas
urer, being vice-president at the timo
of his death. Tho goneral esteem In
whicli he was held was testified to by
the large number of friends and trades
union associates attending the funeral,
which wos conducted under the' auspices of local union No. 213, International Brotherhood of Electrical
-Workera,- nnd-*lodgir'Nb; t." Native
Sons of Canada. The following were
tho pall-bearers: Charles Flanders,
Angus McDonald, George Franklin,
Norman Bell, Donald W. MeDougall
and q, R. McBride.
Floral offerings wore received from
C. H, E. Williams company employees;
C. H. E. Williams company and C,
Darnborough; local union No. 213, I.
B. E. W.J friends and membors of L.
U. No. 313 at Glacier, B. C; manager
and ofllce staff of the Mainland Transfer company; brothor, sister and
niece; aunt and cousins, Kamloops,
B. Ci Captain and Mrs. W. J. Main;
family, son and daughters; Mr. and
Mrs. Fred Duhamel; Mr. and Mrs. A,
P. Halnos and family; Messrs, Bell &.
Poll, Vernon, B. C; Mrs. S. A. Knight
and family; Robert &'. Bontley; Mr.
and Mrs. James Walker; Mr. and Mrs.
F. W. Gosse; Mr. and Mrs, Ward-
haugh; the Highland Exchange stuff;
Millie, Jessie and F. W. Johnstone;
Mr. Johnson; Native Sons of Canada,
Grandvlew No. 7; Canadian Daughters' League, assembly No. 2; Mr. and
Mrs. Armstrong; Mr, and Mrs, C. J.
Fothergllli Air. and .Mrs. Morrison and
family; Mr. and Mrs. Hnrvey; Mr. and
Mrs. Chas, Janes; Chris Helen; Mr,
and Mrs. Urquhartj Mr. and Mrs. Mul-
cahy; Mr, and Mrs. Jack Dubberloy;
Mr. McManus.
EMPIRE   SETTLEMENT   AOT
No Relief Can be Obtained from
Emigration-—Only 31,882
Persons Went Abroad
[Labor Press Service]
J ONDON, Oct. 18.—To find work for
roughly a million and a quarter
people this winter is the essence of
the government's task, and it Is ln
this crisis a waste of time to revolve
large schemes for developing Imperial resources and redistributing population. It will be many years before
we can hope to reap the fruit of the
cogitations of the imperial conference.
It is nothing less than a fraudulent
pretence to give the country the Impression that, its discussions have
anything but a remote bearing upon
the unemployment. The statement
made this week by Lieutenant Col,
Buckley, parliamentary secretary to
department of overseas trade, and
chairman of the overseas settlement
committee, shows ho,W little relief
can bo obtained from immigration,
Since tho passing of the Empire
Settlement act last year, under which
£1,500,000 was provided in the first
year to assist intending immigrants
■£30,000,000 in succeeding years), only
31,832 persons have actually proceeded abroad; and of tho £1,500,000
sanctioned, only about one-third has
beon expended. It ls quite clear that
tho transfer of population on a larger
scale Is not possible, for a variety of
reasons which have nothing to do
with lho act, but are primarily con-
nected with the difficulty in ab'
Btftibing additional population at a
faster  rate.
Birth Control .Meeting
There will be a public meoting of
the Canadian Birth Control leaguo at
the Women's building. 752 Thurlow
street, on Thursday, Novembor 1, at 8
p.m. Dr. W. J. Curry will be the
spoakor of the evening. All interested
will be welcome.
Plasterers' Defense Fund
Recently at Denver, Col., the con
ventlon of the Operative Flatterers
and Cement Finishers' International
association raised the national defense
fund from $250,000 to $500,000 and
increased the death benefit from
$300 to $500. E.- J. McGivern of
Boston was reelected president, and
T. A. Scully of MIddletown, Ohio,
was chosen secretnry.
goes east
An Adverse Decision Concerning
Shipping; Rates Affect C. P.
R. Hence Tie-up
MERCHANTS MISS PAY ROLL
AIDING GERMAN COLLAPSE
Franco   Financing   Disintegration   of
Teuton Empire, Charges ,1.
If. Thomas. M. 1\
"France, I say deiberately, is on-
couraging and financing the disintegration and separation In Germany today," snld J. H. ThomOfl, M. P., speaking at Derby.
"If an upheaval takes place In Germany II will not stop there. It fs no
secret that Prance hns lent Poland
£15,000,000 for armaments alone, or
that French officers have boen training the Polish army."
Whoso  Fault?
Whose fault fs ii, you cloth makers,
that any English child is In rags?
Whoso fault Is it, you bronzed husbandmen that, through all your furrowed England, children are crying of
famine? Your own fault. At all
events, it will be now, seeing that you
havo got parliamentary powers in
your own hands,—John  Ruskin.
Patronize  Fedorationist advertisers.
ELECTRICIANS OH STRIKE
Portland Local Has Disagreement
with Northwestern Electric
Co.—All Boys Out
Local Union. No. 126, Portland,
Oregon, went on strike yesterday
against the North Western Elootrlo
cnmimny. The boys came out to a
man and arc standing llrm. Electrician;, looking for work are asked
to stay away from Portland until a
settlement  has been effected.
Differences of Policy Manifested
Among Employers on Part
of Wage Labor
[Longshoremen's Strike Bulletin]
TT WILL BE apparent to anyone by
noiw that since grain is held up lu
shipment out of Vancouver, nnd is go-
lug through the eastern route in C. P.
R, cars and C, P. R. Great Lake ships,
and Ih being stored In i'. P, R. elevators at Fort William, tbat company Is
still able to snap its fingers at the prevailing cry: "Tho country has outgrown the C. P. R." It Is safe to assume that had tbo 10 per cent, reduction In Brain rates not made its appoarance, the C. P, H. Inlluence in
tho councils of the Shipping Federation would have exerted itself more
that it has done to prevent a tlo-up.
All circumstances, In view of the adverse decision concerning grain rates
as affecting C. P. R. Intorests, pointed
to a waterfront tie-up as tho C. P.
R.'s best card. It mattered little that
its Transpacific schedule wos upset.
Japan had upset it already by enter-
j tainlng an earthquake, so that in consequence the two largest Canadian
Pacific liners lay hore in port at the
same time, Besides, quite likely Japan's finances aro not now in the best
of shape, and while credits are being
ie-nmingcd a waterfront strike will
provide a good excuse for bargaining
with the Orient.
And so we refer back to tlie quotation with which we Btarted. the same
boing rrom this Bulletin's last Issue.
Thero are many phases in & strike of
this nature to bo considered, but in
connection with lho present position
of the C, P, K. in the wost, the point
is well takon, This is merely an extension of that point of view.
Wa have said that the C. P. R.
stands to gain by the ultimate development of the port, but tlio course of
tbnt development Is apparently not at
present drawn lo suit the policy thai
corporation has In view, Differences
of policy manifest themselves, nover
thelosH It Ih true lhat those interests
Will compose thoir differences soono
WANT WOMEN INSPECTORS
Geneva Labor Conference Advocates
Employing; Female Factory
Examiners
Women will do their part to aid the
world ln solving problems of labor,
states a Geneva despatch, A large
number of women representing labor
organizations throughout the allied
nations, are attending the flfth annual
session there of the International labor
conference of the League of Nations-
One of the principal topics for discussion will be, "general principles for
the orgalnzatton of factory Inspectors." Most of the women are attending
as technical Inspectors, many of them
occupying the positions of factory Inspectors, One of the flrst actions of
the conference waa to pass a resolution favoring the employment, ln all
countries, of women as factory inspectors as well as men.
A WBLL-KHOWK SOOIALIST
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
OUR LONDON LETTER
Bouquet for Dr. Ethel Bentham—
Mrs. Barbara Wootton Becomes Editor
SMILLIE'S  AUTOBIOGRAPHY
Marriage of Ben Spoor, Much-
travelled Lahor M. P. and
Miss Anne Fraser
[Labor Press Service]
T ONDON, Oct. 18.—Dr. Ethel Ben-
tham has been presented with
an address and a bouquet by the East
Islington labor party in recognition
of her. services to the local labor
party and the national movemont.
Tribute was paid to her pioneer work
in connection with child welfare and
In other spheres, and tho hope expressed that she would be among the
pioneer labor M.P.s. The East Islington labor party has a new headquarters which was described by
Egerton Wake, labor's national agent,
os tho best club of Its kind in London. New members aro joining
every week, and the prospects of Dr.
Bentham being victorious at the next
election arc very bright.
Brilliant Woman Editor
Highway, tho organ of thcWorkers
Educational association, is to bo congratulated on Its choice of Mrs. Barbara Wootton, ns oditor. Mrs.
Wootton, who is a lecturer ln the
depai*lment of social economics at
Bedford college (London university),
was educated at Girton, where In 1319
sho achieved a first class with special
distinction in part 2 of the economics
tripos at Cambrilgo, a recognition
never awarded before or since to any
student of economics, man or woman,
at the university. In July, 1920, she
was appointed director of studios and
lecturer In economics at Girton, and
joined the staff of the joint research
and information department of the
general council of the Trades union
congress and the labor party In April,
1922, Her papers on social leglsla
lion and unemployment insurance by
Industry, read before the British association in 1920 and 1021, were
justly regarded as classics of their
kind.
Labor M. P. Wedded
Hearty congratulations to Ben
Spoor, Bishop Auk land's M.P., who
was married recently t<> Miss Anne
Fraser. Tho bride, who was former
ly one of the national Organizera of
tho labor party, served during the
war with thc Y.M.C.A. at Salonika.
Mr. Spoor, apart from his many political activities, is a much-travelled
M.P., and an authority on Egyptian
questions.
Hmiliir's Autobiography
Robert Smillie, M.P,, has written
tho story of his life, and It Is to appear In serial form in one of the popular weakly publications. When I
met bim the other day he told with
graphic touches how he conducted
a party of eminent persons ou a tour
of investigation of housing conditions
in mining areas. As they left a particular insanitary house with handkerchiefs to their noses, one of them
—his name was on everybody's lips
during the wai"—turned to Mr. Smillie
and said, "Good God! If I lived under those conditions I would be a
revolutionary."
"Clow Your Works"
If the workers asked a certain wage
and the manufacturers said, "If you
insist on that wage wo shnll close our
works," then the state should say,
"Close your works and be damhed lo
your works."—I'atrjek   Hastings,  K.C.
Hand Tbo Foderationist to your
shopmnto whon you are through with
It.
or later in the face of a set policy on
the part of the wage labor. The set
policy In question shows itself In an
ever-growing number of deep son
ships tied up In port. Tho retail
merchant people are growling—they
miss the payroll; ■ aspirants for tho
mayor's offlco offer mediation, and all
of no avail. Meanwhile, the grain
goes oasl and if you nsk tho C. P. R
why It does not come weBt they will
say It is because the longshoremen
are on Htrilce. And, of course, so thoy
rare.
STEINMETZ DEAD
Suddenly Painet Away on Friday
At His Home in Schnec-
tedy, N. Y.
Ib Ii Believed Tbat the Electrical
Wizard's Death Wm Due
to Heart DiMMe
A DESPATCH from SchnecUdy, N.
"^ Y„ states that Charles Proteus
Stelnmetz, well-known electrical wizard and advanced socialist, died at
hla home there shortly before 8:SO
o'clock Friday morning. The end
came very suddenly. He had been 111
less than two weeks and during the
last few days had been reported as
rapidly recovering. Dr. Stelnmetz
was being given his breakfast when
he gasped and sank back on the pillow dead. Just a minute before the
end he had remarked to the nurse
that he felt the best since he was
taken sick. It is' believed death was
due to heart disease. Dr. Stelnmetz
loft Schnectady on Sept. 1 for the
Pacific coast. On tho way he delivered numerous lectures in the middle
western states. Whon he left home
his physician, Dr. H. P. Grocsbeck,
advised him to be careful about overdoing.
Dr. Stelnmetz was born at 1!reslau,
Germany, April 9, 1865. He came to
America 34 years ago. Stelnmetz for
several years had been chief electrical engineer at the General Electric
company's plant in Schnectady. He
was regarded tho world ovor as an
electrical genius. *
Only a few months ago Dr. Stelnmetz Invented miniature thunder and
lightning. This was considered one of
his masterpieces. So real' was the
lightning Ihut under the hand of Dr.
Stelnmetz small trees erected In his
laboratory could bo demolished.
The electrical wizard was forced to
take to his bed a woek ago last Saturday following his return from a trip
to lho Paciilc coast. At that time it
was said ho was suffering from a
heavy cold and exhaustion, believed to
have beon brought on by.his cross-
continental trip. Dr. Stelnmetz, who
was in his 59th year, was regarded aa
the foremost flle'ctrlcal expert in the
world next to Thomas A. Edison,
It was the life dream of Dr. Stelnmetz to make electricity the universal fuel power of America. Ho was
constantly experimenting with this
end In view.
Dr. Stelnmetz was the author of
many books, including "Theory and
Calculation of Alternating Current
Phenomena," "Theoretical Elements
of Electrical Engineering," and "General Lectures of Eleclrical Engineering."
Ho was born in BreHlau, Germany,
and was educated in Germnny and
Switzerland. He arrived lu America
in 1889, penniless, and started fn nt
the bottom of the ladder. Ho was
employed first by a lirm in Yonkers,
N, Y., which was later absorbed by
the General Electric Works, tho company for which Dr. .Stelnmetz was
working when he died.
Dr. Steinmetz was a socialist, and
in 1915 wns elected presidont of the
municipal council on that ticket. He
was nominated for state senator on
the socialist ticket, but was defeated.
During tbe wai- bc served as a membor of the naval ndvisory board, He
held degrees from a number of educational  Institutions.
Thomas A. Edison said: "I regret
very much tbe death of Mr, Stein-
met-.. Tlie world has lost ono of Its
greatest practical mathematicians,
and the electrical industry will miss
one of its shining lights."
Butter, bacon and milk are rising In
price. This moans more money for
tbe farmers, but so far we have had no
offer to Incrense wages.—George
KdwaniH.
EXPEREMENTAL STAGE
Trouble  in  Broadcasting  News
Will Begin When "Fans"
Number Millions
Broadcasting news at present Is
arried on on a comparatively small,
experimental and toyroom scale, and
big business can afford to allow the
thing to be doue Impartially. The
real trouble will begin when tho "fans"
o to bonnmberod by their millions
and money begins" to talk Into tbe
microphones at the 'nig business end.
In balf-an-honr the greater part of
ihe nation could be "doped" on such
an Issue, say, as a great strike, ten
thousands tlrties as effectively ns It
can to-day. The bost preventative—
since cure would be difficult, if not
Impossible--Is to ensure proper democratic control of resources, which
properly developed and directed, can
add much to the utilities as well as
to the amenities of life. Otherwise
tlio class which hns exploited the
land, the soa, and the regions below for their personal gain will
"Jump" what remains of the universe;
even tho welkin—common property
a generation ago—will becomo a
dreary hunting-ground for concessionaires. PAGE TWO
British Columbia Federationist
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federatlonist
Business Offlce:  1120 Howe Stroot
Editorial Office: Room 806—310 Pendor W.
Editorial Board: P. It. Bengough, It. H. Neel-
 anda, Oeorge Bartley.	
Subscription Rate: Unitod States and For*
sign, |8.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, 11.60 for six montha; to Unions subscribing In a body, 16c por member per
tnonth,
fifteenth yeau. No. 44 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver. :
Unity of Labor:. The Hope of tho World
FRIDAY November 2, 1923
EMPIRE  liAUOIl CONFERENCE
fTIHE proposal to hold an empire
J. labor conference in London, England next year, will meet with general
approval. It is proposod to have a
gathering of bona-fide labor representatives of the mother country, Australia, Now Zealand, South Africa and
Canada. Questions affecting the individual dominions and questions concerning the wholo British empire will
be discussed, and, no doubt, with
much good resulting. The representatives of the dominions should benefit moro from the conference than the
delegates from the old country, for
the principal reason that, with tho exception of Now Zealand, the labor
movement Is better organized and
making faster progress In the old,
country than in any of the dominions.
In referring to the proposed conference, the London daily Herald, the
mouthpiece of the British Labor
Party, had the following to say:
"Tho onward march of the parties
which represent the workers ls vividly Illustrated by the design to hold an
Empire labor conferenco In London
next year.
"In each of the dominions forming
our commonwealth of nations, labor
counts for something, and is certain
in the near future to count for a
great deal. In Australia there have
been three federal labor prime ministers, and In the different states labor
governments have bcen quite familiar
phenomena for a long time past, In
Canada labor has not yet managed te
assert Itself so vigorously, but it is
rapidly gaming ground. South Africa
puts a high value on its little band of
labor M. P.'s, led by Mr. Creswell.
All these countries -have problems of
their own to settle, problems very different ln some aspects from ours. But
looked at broadly, their alms and
their difficulties are pretty much alike
and pretty much akin to those of the
British labor party. Therefore all the
labor parties throughout the British
commonwealth have a groat deal ln
common,_and it is most desirable that
they should get together and do what
they can to help one another. An
empire labor organisation ought to be
the outcome of the conference.
"This would not, of course, clash
with the idea of international solidarity. It could not be considered a substitute for the federation we dream
of, which will be world-wide; it would ;
be a step towards it.
"Such an organisation would be valuable in two ways. It would koep all
the labor movements in touch with
one another, and enable concerted action to be takon in the event, for ox-
ample, of a sudden attempt to whip
up a war fury. It would also impress
the Imaginations of those who still
fail to underatand what is the power
cf tho workers now that they are
banding together to protect the interests of the great moss of people,
PROBLEM UNSOLVED
Unemployment Situation in Britain Now Considered More
Serious Than Ever
CLYNES,   M.   P.,   CRITICIZES
The  Shipping   Federation   believes
Jn organization—for themselves.
Some people are prone to speak of
the comparatively big wages of longshoremen. But when, as is the case
with the majority, they are employed
only possibly half of the time during
the year, they are actuatly averaging
about 40 cents an hour instead of
■80 cents.
"So far as the records of the federal labor department are concerned,'
declares Hon. James Murdock, minister of labor, "there is no general unemployment situation in Canada."
This is a strange statement to be
made by the minister of labor at this
time, when thousands upon thousands
of former harvesters, their work on
the prairies finished, are rushing to
the citios in search of work. Possibly
the minister of labor's definition of
"genera! unemployment" Is different
than  is usually accepted.
In Unity there Is Strength
Tho spectacle of Ihrco Labor can
•d I dates running in the recent bye-
election In North Wlnnipog against
ono old-parly candidate waH discouraging to all believers In political pro
gress. When labor docs attain a post
tlon that threatens seriously the power
of the old parties, they usually unite,
which Is the clinching argument that
there Is little difference between the
grits and tories after all. Most
elections really I are mere political
-sham-battles, so far as the old political parties are concerned. No
matter which old party wins, labor
loses.
Museum Relios
In the museum of the Royal College
of Surgeons, London, of which John
Hunter, a "red-haired little Scotsman," was the parent more than s
century ago, is a collection of over
20,000 exhibits almost unrivalled in
the world. Here you may see a truly
wonderful array of skeletons, from
that of Charles Byrne, the 8-foot Irish
giant, to that of Caroline CrachamI,
a Sicilian dwarf of less than 20 inches;
casts of the hands of othor giants,
Including IM trick Cotter, who was
8 feet 7 Inches "In his socks;" and
a mummy which flourished In the
flesh 6,000 years ago.
West Ham Funerals
Out of overy 100 funerals in West
Ham, England, 50 are those of children under five years of age,
Government Passing the Buck to
the Local Authorities, Is
the Charge
[Labor Press Service]
T ONDON, Nov. 1.—In view of the
unsatisfactory nature of tho replies
received from Sir Montague Barlow
to the letters of tho Bight Hon. J. R.
Clynes, M. P., chairman of tbo emergency committeo of the parliamentary
labor party, on the unemployment
situation, and of tho refusal of the
primo minister to summon parliament
earlier, a joint meeting of the emer
gtoncy committee and the national
Joint council, which represents all
sides of the labor movement, has
been held.
A summary of the correspondence
indicates how far the government is,
even in the face of the most urgent
representations, from realizing the
gravity of the situation.
In a letter dated September 13, Mr.
Clynes recalls the government assurance that every effort would be made
to deal with the problem, and goes on
to ask "what further measures the
government has decided upon to supplement tho proposals already outlined, when they will be put Into operation, and how much employment
they will provide."
On Sept. 24, Sir Mantague replied
with a general assurance that the
government was "actively engaged ln
developing and, as far as practicable,
expanding the programme of which I
announced the outlines before the recess," and that "substantial progress"
had been made In various directions.
This letter, stated Mr, Clynes In a
letter dated Sopt. 27, was regarded by
the emergency committee with "profound dissatisfaction."
Mr. Clynes passes on to criticize the
govornment proposals in telling passages, of which the following are extracts:
"The government appears to be relying mainly on the institution of
public works by local authorities. We
would, however, point out that, with
tho best will In the world, the local
authorities cannot promote schemes
on a scale adequate to absorb more
than a mere fraction of the unemployed. Tho Unemployment Grants
committoe reports that , . . notwithstanding the efforts mado by local
authorities, their schemes have done
no more than to provide, on an average, each unemployed worker with a
month's employment fn two and
hnlf years.
"Today, as you must be aware, the
local authorities, In whose districts
unemployment is most serious, are
financially incapable of promoting
large schemes on the terms of assistance at present provided by the government.
"In view of the assurance of the
government and the present unsatisfactory state of its plans, we hold that
the government has not kept faith
with the house of commons and the
vast army of unemployed.
"The capital defect of the government's policy lsits refusal to accept the
unemloyment crisis as a national responsibility, and in consequence its
unwillingness to provide adequate
financial resources to cope with the
problem. We propose that the government should at once raise a substantial loan to finance approved
schemes, such as have been repeatedly
World's "Uttle Big Men"
[By F.  W.  Moore]
TV7HEN are we entitled to call a man
**   "great?"    Many  people   mistake
fame for greatness.
One of our great authors, Sydney
Smith, I think It was, pointed out the
self-evident truth that men like Napoleon Bonaparte, who sacrificed
nothing In the interests of humanity,
could hardly be described as possessing the attributes of greatness other
than that particular kind of it that
might be possessed by a clever section boss who rose to superintendent
of road construction and had -the
ability to manago    large    bodios    of
♦as you and I might have been under
the circumstances that developed
them.
They only differ from us in their
religion, and in that not a great deal.
We all worship Mammon, but they
take him more seriously and consider
the right of profiteering a divine institution, and like those Christians
In the sixteenth century who burned
their fellow-men In an honest attempt
to save their souls, so our invisible
rulers to sav© the world for "democracy" are willing to sacrifice millions
of their fellow-men. The act be
comes pseudo-religious.      The    con
CI GERMANY PAY
Economists Say Only Way Is by
Getting Complete Control
of World's Trade
FRIDAY November _, 1928
THE EMBROGLIO ANALYZED
'-."   ."'          "" | sciences of the war-mongers become
men.    Now suppose we substitute for).,...,.,, ,
submitted  by  the  labor  movement.
When royal princesses get thousands of pounds we ahould not begrudge food and shelter to the poor
old people or unemployed of Poplar,
—-George Lansbury, M. P.
PROVINCIAL VOTERS' LIST
IS  NOW COMPLETED
The British Columbia provincial
voters list hns now been completed,
it Includes a total of 195078 names
as ngainst 171677 on the list last
yoar. This year's total Is somewhat
smaller than that of 1020 when an
Impending election speeded up registrations   to  a   total   of   201354.
Victoria voters on the new list total 18626 as against 1G720 last year,
and 18996 In 1920. The presont Vancouver total Is 51861 as against
41970 last year nnd 52768 in  1920,
Saanich is the fifth biggest constituency In British Columbia now,
After Vancouver and Victoria comes
South Vancouver with 10780 voters.
Richmond with 10234 and North
Vancouver with 7225.
Voters ln the other constituencies
of the Province are as follows: Alberni 2186, Atlin 1607, Cariboo 1062,
Columbia 1209, Comox 4651, Cowichan 2329, Cranbrook 2458, Chilllwack 4131, Delta 3850, Dewdney
4213, Esquimau, 3010, Pernio 2671
Fort George, 3215, Grand Forks 1084,
Greenwood 838, Islands 1854, Kamloops 5245, Kaslo 1755, Llllooet 926,
Nanalmo 4138, Nelson 2255, Newcastle 2187, New Westminster 5140,
North Okanagan 4446, Omineca 1825,
Prince Rupert 4158, Revelstoke 1874,
Rossland 859, Slmllkameen 3755, Slocan 1578, South Okanagan 4194,
Trail 3077. and Yale 2782.
Redistribution of British Columbia
electorate constituencies will be based
on the figures _,,sih.(1 as above. Probably the most outstanding fact revealed by these figures ls the growing
voting strength of districts around
Vancouver.
Put a one-cent stamp on this paper
and mall It to a friend.
the section-boss our modern great
men—"littlo big mon," and for
the railroad, the industries of the
world, and then compare the
rotations that the human elements
in each group bear to each othor and
to society nt large. It will bo scon at
a glance that ther© Is a vast difference between the two. The section-
boss attending to construction work
merely, probably knows as little about
the principles underlying the political
and financial activities of the company
he works for as the men whose operations he directs.
On the other hand, the case of
our "little big men" Is entirely different. Their function is .to understand
these activities, and to persuade the
world at large by various kinds of insinuation and veiled propaganda that
the interests they represent are the
real interests of the people, interests
of which the meanest Briton should
be justly proud, as witness the words
of the old song:
"We don't want to flght.
But, by Jingo! if we do,
We have the men;
We have the ships;
We have the money too."
That   the  people  for  whom   "we"
really stands, don't want to flght we
can   readily   understand—fighting  is
very costly, and if prolonged  breeds j
anarchy:    but    foreign markets andl
raw material must be had since unemployment  and   rebellion   at   home
are less desirable than war abroad
And so It comos about that war is
a necessary factor in capitalism and
to-day war is more horrible than ever
it was in the history of the world,   It
is all the more so because It might
easily  be   made  unnecessary.    Surely
Tennyson saw this when he said:
"Certain   if   knowledge   brings   the
sword
That   knowledgo   takes   the   sword
away"
But lho agony of war is perpetuated
not only becauso of the wilful Ignorance of millions of voters as to Its
real economic cause, but also in order
that a few people, battening on the
fruits of semi-slavery may perpetuate in themselves specimens of the
Incarnated inferiority, that they, with
an entire absence of good judgment,
helped to impose on the race. Mainly
on account of these faults there are
to-day probably millions of parents
stricken  with ineradicable grief.
If a person counted one unit every
second for every day in the year, including Sundays, and worked eight
hours a day, he would be almost
thirteen months counting the num
ber of deaths due to sickness as well
as wounds, for which the late war
was responsible.
The combined losses of all the belligerents amounted to eleven million
one hundred and fifteen thousand,
according to statistics issued by the
"Carnegie Endowment for International Peace" yee their book—"Losses
of Life Caused by the War."
But is it fair to blame the "little
big men" only?
Surely the crass stupidity of loving mothers, sweethearts and wives,
no less than the hide-bound prejudice of affectionate fathers, added to
the ostrich-like head-hiding tactics
of those who won't read a radical
paper because they can't accept all
that is in it, prevent society from
looking squarely at the trouble that
perplexes the world to-day.
They see one side of the case only,
stated In popular news-prints that
are virtually subsidized by advertisers, but refuse to look at the other
because It ls written from an unfamiliar viewpoint.
They deliberately Ignore tho fact
that if conditions governing product-
Ion and distribution are not altered
they must lead to a holocaust In the
not very dlBtant future, that must
either efface civilization or be. the
means of establishing a world-wide
system of "Production for Use": and
that would be thc next logical step
in dovelopment.
But why should our "little big
mon" try to prejudice the world
against a state that would lead to
peace, happiness and prosperity.
There Is only one reason, at least
one principal reason, and I mean no
offence In stating lt. It Is because
under this political and eoonomlo
system in which the franchise ls controlled by meal tickets, it ls impossible
for a man, unwilling to have his
opinions and policy moulded, to
climb, or even get a chance of climbing these pseudo-heights. Therefore our "little big men" without
much blame attaching to them, are
virtually—why hedge the expression?
—flunkies: nor can they be anything
else until an enlightened poople ls
willing to support them ln any
changes they might wish to make.
The real leaders of society to-day
are not visible. Thoy materialize
publicly through the "little big men."
Among these leaders are many exceptions, but as a body, when considering the advlslbility of peace or war,
they regard profits and profits only,
A scrutiny of th© terms of any ordinary treaty will soon convince one of
thfs.
Thoy are JJust ordinary men, Just
hardened with the righteousness of
the slaughter. They become stool
men whoso hearts might well bo operated by a pulsometer pump as far
as brotherly lovo goos,
A marked hostility is also shown by
these men to any attempt to develop
more powerful labor unions: and yet,
labor unions aro tho prototypes of
the future "parliament of man." It
Is ln Interfering with their educational
propaganda secretly or openly that
capital commits its greatest crime,
Involving as it does the destruction
of the knowledge that might prevent
war.
"Produetion for use" alone can
save the situation, and this can never
take corporeal form except under two
classes of circumstances; either the
people must be educated up to lt, so
that when the present travail of
society ends in what ought to be the
birth of the new order, they may be
able to manage their own affairs,
or failing that, thero Is still another
chance in the accomplished education and success of the Russian people ln their mammoth experiment in
"production for use." This would
prove by example what we failed to
discover from experience through
lack of education
When the day in which it does
take corporeal form arrives, and it
will arrive some day—in ten or one
thousand years as the case may be—
tho "little big man*' will be relegated
to oblivion, but from his ashes will
spring hosts of "big" ordinary men,
No longer will Gray's assertion hold
good:
"Full many a gem  of purest ray
serene:
The   dark   unfathomed   caves   of
ocean bear
Full many a flower Is born to blush
unseen
And  waste  its  presence  on  the
desert air.
Tho Shoppers' Saturday Night
He toils each day from morn to set
ting sun;
By sweat of brow his weekly wage is
won,
With  wife and babe he    plods    his
weary way
And mingles with the crowd on Saturday.
A pair of shoes tho little    one    has
need;
A trinket for tho wife who knows not
greed;
A storo of needed food—something to
smoke—•
He pays the rent and starts anew-
dead broke.
—Penticton Herald.    ,
Notions Involved in the Proposed
Conference of Experts Are
Jockeying for Positions
[By E. P. Burdlck]
WITH the decision of the allied
* powers to have a conferenco of
financial exports for tho purpose of
determining Germany's capacity to
pay reparations, the European em-
brogllo Is getting still more confusing]
and intricate. All tho nations Involved may bo said to bo Jockeying for
positions. England, realizing that
tho deplorable conditions In Germany
are affecting adversely the economic
structuro throughout the world, is desirous of having France agreo to accept a reasonablo .settlement from
Germany.
France, still "seeing red," reluctantly accepted the suggestion of «
meeting of exports to determine Germany's capacity to pay. And now,
several days after her acceptance,
Poincare declares, in a speech that
he has decided before the deliberations of th© experts that Germany is
able and must pay the total amount
of reparations previously decided
upon, and that Franc© only is interested In learning Germany's capacity
to pay "tomorrow."
The United States was forced to accede to the suggestion of a conference
of experts to deal primarily with reparations, because the question of
collecting hundreds of millions in war
debts from France 'and Italy is interwoven with the reparations problem, France having declared that she
will not pay her war debts unless she
gets full reparations from Germany.
How Germany Can Pay
It Is the viewpoint of the world's
greatest economists that the most
feasiblo method by which Germany
can pay large reparations is by that
country developing her export trado
to such an extent that her exports
will exceed her imports, thereby
creating a favorable balance of trade.
Tho reparations, economists point
out, can not be paid in gold, because
thero is not enough gold, out of the
ground, in the world. It is by goods
or services alone, say tho experts,
that Germany can pny. Germany
has offered to restore the devastated
regions in Franco and Belgium by
sending huge armies of Gorman
workers to do the work and by supplying tho materials, but France has refused these offers. Quite naturally,
England and tho United States are
not willing to see Germnny obtain
the lion's share of the world's trade,
thereby injuring Industry In other
countries,  in order to pay the huge
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.     A:;
Oris White
Flannelette Wear
Well-fashioned Garments of Splendid
Quality at Interesting Prices
NIGHTGOWNS, in V or high neck, long sleeve
styles, trimmed with silk stitching, embroidery or
fine tucks; for ages 2 to 16 years, at $1.25 to
$1.75.
PRINCESS SLIPS, with trimmings of flannelette
embroidery.  Ages 4 to 14 years, at $1.00.
BLOOMERS, with elastic at waist and knee; finished
with frill and edging of narrow torchon lace. Ages
2 to 14 years, 60^ pair.
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 3540
INDIGESTION
Relieved In two minutes with
JO-TO
Oas, acid, soar, burning stomach all quickly
relieved with JO-TO.   Drag Storei.
WHIST  DRIVES
GET YOUR OFFICIAL PROGRESSIVE
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
ONE DOLLAR ($1.00) A HUNDRED, AT
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
indemnities demanded. It has been
charged that rivalry for world trade
was one of the principal causes of the
world war. And it is turning out to
be one of the principle factors In the
peace settlement. France, ln holding on to the Rhur, the workshop of
Germany, thinks she is holding the
trumt> card. Maybe, but as the Rhur
Is the "goose that lays the gold egg,"
so far as reparations are concerned,
France cannot have the Rhur and
reparations also. And she cannot
even operate the Rhur industries at
a proflt and obtain forced reparations
when the industries are worked by
beligerent, France-hating German
workers.
Situation In Germany
And the internal situation in Germany makes the situation stilt more
intricate ond precarious. It* Germany breaks up into several small,
independent states, as was the cose
beforo the formation of the German
empiro under Bismarck, there will bo
no Germany loft to pay reparations.
Tho principal party to the Treaty of
Versailes will havo ceased to exist. Tho treaty then would be, Ipso
facto, "a mero scrap of paper." And
the only real victors in the war, after
all, would be, as is usually the case,
the war profiteers of all countries in-'
volvcd, while the true losers, as usual,
will bo tho common people of nil the
warring nations, which class of people
In the final analysis, do most of the
sacrificing  of blood and money.
Ring np Pbone Seymour 2SM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suit*   301   Dominion   Btdldlnf
VANCOUVER, B. C.
FIRE!
AT  "FAMOUS"
OTORE closed for a few days
*J to overhaul stocks. Watch
for rc-opcnlng with Ihe most
us( on lull ng bargains you evor
heard of.
Famous SSVt*
823 HASTIM08 STEEET WEST
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1160 Georgia Street
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and Ti80 p.m.
Sunday school immediately following
morning aervice. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room,
901*908 Birks Hid*.
B. P. Harrison S. A. Ferry
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO., LTD.
AMBULANCE SERVICE
232 KINGSWAY        VANCOUVEB, B. O.
Fhone Fairmone 68
TTAVE you over luid a real drink
** of Puro Apple Cider during tbe
Inst few years?
To meet the doslres of many clients,
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sparkling applo cider in pint bottleB,
either pure sweet or government regulation '£% hard apple elder. These drinks
ure absolutely pure and froe from all
carbonic acid gaB or preservatives of
any nature. Write or phono your order
today, Highland 90.
VAN BROS. LTD.
Older Manufacturers
1955 Commercial Drive, Vaneoaver, B. 0.
MUSICIANS'
UNION LABEL
Thii advertisement is not published or displayed by
the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of
 il      Britiih Columbia. 	
THE    FOLLOWING   PLACES    DISPLAY ABOVE CAED:
Cotillion Hall, Dominion Hall, Holly-
bum Danco Pavilion, Laurel Court,
Lestor Court, Lodge Cafe, O'Brien's
Hall, Orpheum Cafe, Willow Hall.
LEND YOUR PATRONAGE TO THE
MUSICIANS' LABEL.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BABIIinU, KUSROM, HP.
401-401 WnHWu BllMlaf
IST HoMlfl St. W. VAJ-OOUVM, 1. 0.
ToMpbaut: Btytttees MM sat OUT
Mainland
Cigar Store
110 CARRALL STHEET
THE FLAOE FOB PIPES
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
•a-Yi  CORDOVA STREET EAST
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Place to Eat"
HASTINGS   AND   COLUMBIA   STS. I
"Wonderful Indeed Is the power ef
the voice."—Cicero.
THK power of the voico Is the success
of the telephone. It was in the en*
deavor to transmit sound that the tele*
phoue was Invented, and the great factor
of Its development Into an article of very
common use Is that direet conversation
may be carried .on.
Because it enables one'e personality to
be sent U the reason tbat tbe telephone
S remotes friendships and intimacy, and
rings about closer relations betweon
those in business. Tbe pleasure of hear*
ing the voice you know makes long distance thf casual practice of every one.
B. 0. TBLEPHONZ COMPACT.
"LAID OFF"=
Two Short Words,- BrMftac the Golf Between
OOM PORT and POVERTY
*_«•• rMpMooto. Ttm.lttttsentrnUy-fainttutea«	
wtlb • UTMSl AOOOT-MT—tbo BMI ralaablo —tatt ma* na .... Ut
tea "BAIKT DAT."
Wa STM MLT MOOMMMD ytt to Matt wl ea taeaaat AT 01101,
ftt  ou ot MI  Wty  BtaaobM.
BAimOS aMI UYHODB Bee. S. Homi-a. Kuutr
Horton tM Abbott mu iat IM An. Kali eat Bnalwar
fiaii too wxu aaeatra pbo___t a__d ooronoui immoi
Union Bank of Canada
P.S.—If r» ate I.tint In • ooonnltr aot orerMtd wltb B.nklni f.dllt..., at,
dim w by moll, ood wo win bo flod lo flMo 70- In m-net to "Bankin, br Moll." IDAY November 2, 1923
FIFTEENTH YEAR.    No. 44 BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER. B. c.
PAGE THREE
[y Expression Plates
Ire Guaranteed
>r 15 Years—
W7ITH every plale I make goes a written Kiiarantee
** of long and satisfactory service. This ls the
plate that restores youth to the facial expression,
that ensures perfect matching with the natural teeth
and full chewing power to the jaw. It will give you
every advantage in appearance and usefulness that
you received from your own original teeth.
Tho cost of tlieso Expression Plates is now at the
lowest. I will gladly give an estimato, with free examination nnd advice us to treatment. Call today—
no obligation.
Dr. Brett Anderson
17 Years as a Dentist in Vancouver
Formorly member of Iho Faculty ot the Collogo of Dentistry, University of Southern California; lecturer on Grown and Bridgework;
domonstrator on Plate work and Oporativo Dentistry, Local and
General Anaesthesia*
602 Hastings Street West (Cor. Seymour)
Phone, Seymour 3331       Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
RUSSIA-ASI SAW IT
Vancouver Unions
-OUTER TRADES AND LABOR
Jiocil — President, R. H. Neelands, M.
I; general secretary, Percy R. Bengotyjh,
': 808, 810 Pender St. West. Phone Sey.
_. Meets in Labor Hall at 8 p.n_. on
prst and third Tuesdays in month.
BED PRINTINO TRADES COUNCIL—
§ii!ta seeond Monday in the month. Pre*
It, J. R. White; seoretary, R. H. Noel-
^ P. 0. Box ""
i SKATED LABOR PARTI, Ub OOR-
ra Street Weat—Business meetings
i Wednesday evening. A. Maclnnis,
man; E. H. Morrison, soc-treas.; Oeo.
arrlson, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
,, corresponding secreUry.
y district in British Colombia desiring
nation ra securing speakers or the for-
n of local branches, kindly communicate
provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. C. Telf*
i Seymour 1332, or Fairmont 4933.
|J5RY SALESMEN, LOCAL 871—Meets
;ond Thursday every month, 319 Pender
It West. President, J. Bright-well;
Trial secretary, H. A. Bowron, 829—llth
ft Ent.
tNKYMEN BARBERS'  INTERN ATION*
i Union of Amorica—Local   120,   Van*
ir, B, C, meets second and fourth Tues*
in each month in Room 818—319 Pen-
-treat West. President, 0. E. Herrett,
astings Streot East; secretary, A. R,
820 Cambie Street. Shop phone, Sey
Residence phone, Doug. 2171R.
RNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF
It-makers, Iron Bhtpbuildera and Help-
f America, Looal 194—Meetings flrst
bird Mondays in each month, Presi-
P. Willie; socretary, A. Fraser. Offloe:
i 303—819 Pender Street West. Offlce
;. 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to S p.m.
COFFEE
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
tKLAYERS AND MASONS—lr you need
-Mayors or masons for boiler works,
or marble setters, phone Bricklayers'
, Labor Temple.	
1lD~ BROTHERHOOD OF CARPEN-
RS and Juniors, Local 4-52—President,
Hatley; recording socrotary, W. Page;
-ss intent, Win. Dunn. Offlce: Room
319 Pender Street West. MeetB second
oiirth Mondays, 8 p.m., Room 5, 319
r Streot West
__ EMPLOYEES UNION—Mvats firsi
Ihirrt Fridays in i-iicti month, Ht 148 Cor*
1 Street West. President, David Cuthlll,
J Albert Street; scuretary-troaBurer, Geo.
Maon, 1182 Parker Street.	
|NEERS — INTERNATIONAL      UNION
am   and  Oporating,   Looal   844—Meete
Thursday nt 8 p.m., Room 307 Labor
lo.   Prosidont, J. Flynn; business agent
inanclal socrotary, F. S. Hunt; recording
itary, D. Hodges.
■.   FIREFIGHTERS   UNION   NO.   18—
■esident, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Fireball;
B,tary, 0. A. Watson, No. 8 Fireball.
ERAL    LABORERS    UNION—MEETS
try first and third Monday in room 812—
fender Street West.    President,   J.   R.
thorne; financial secretary, A. Padghaiu,
Road Post Offlce, Vancouvor, B. 0.;
[ding seoretary, G. Tether,   2249—45th
East, Vancouver, B. 0.
JSL AND RESTAURANT Employees
|ion, Local 28—441 Seymour Stroet.
first and third Wednesdaya at 2:80
. Seoond and fonrth Wednesdays at
J p.m. Executive board meets every
lay at 3 p.m.   President, W. A. Colmar-
pss agent, A. Graham.    Phone Soymonr
IWEERS — INTEBNATIONAL UNION
I Steam and Operating, Local 882—
! evory Wodnesday at 8 p.m,, Room
abor Temple. President, Charles Pr'ce;
past agent and financial secretary, F. L.
; recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
IINISTS LOCAL 182—President, Lea
rge; secretary, J. G. Keefe; bnsiness
, P. R. Bengough. Offlee: 809, 819
r Street West. Meets In Room 818—
'ender Stroet West, on first aad third
jays in month.
IINISTS LOCAL 892—President, Ed.
-son; secretary, R. Hirst; business
P. R. Bengongh. Office: 809—819
r Street West. Meets in Room 8—
ender Street We^t, on second and 4th
ays in month.
JpIANS       MUTUAL       PROTECTIVE
BON, Local 145, A. F. of M.—Meets at
\ Hall,  Homer  Street, second  Sunday,
a.m.   President, Ernest 0. Miller, 991
t Street; seeretary, Edward Jamleson,
Ison Street; finanoial secretary, W. E.
i, 991 Nelson Street; organiser, F.
, 991 Nelson Street
■HERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECORA-
IS and Paperhangers of America, Local
Vanoouver—Meets Snd and 4th Thurs-
Jtt 148 Cordova Streot West. Pbone,
ESIO- Business Agent, H. P. Collard.
1 DRIVERS, BRIDGE, WHARF AND
Jk Builders, Local No. 2404—Meets at
Instlngs Street West every Friday, at 8
\ Jas. Thompson, flnanelal secretary.
lisTfiftOH OF 'THE PA01«tt 1>J
■ova Bt. West, P. 0. Bo* 571. Phoae
TjOB. Meetings every Monday at 7:80
U. Pearson, ________[ «!«*■
■RATED SEAFARERS' UNION OF B.
•Meeting nights, flrst Tuesday and 3rd
- of each month at headquarters, 818
Ira Street West. President, D. 0111m-
Uce-president, John Johnson; secretary-
Brer, wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
jBtreet Weat, Braneh agent's address:
|e Faulkner, 570 Johnson Street, Vic-
. C.
RT AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY Iff
rees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meata
HaU, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
:ondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. Pre-
, F. A. Hoover. 9409 Clarke Drive;
log secretary, F. E, Grlffln, 447—8th
East-; treasurer, A F, Andrew; flnan-
creury and business asent, W. H, Cot-
188—17th Ave. W. Offloe, eorner Prior
tain Streets.   Phons Fairmont 4504T
..._TMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
irloa. Loeal No. 178—Meetings held
londay in eaeh month, 8 p.m. Presl*
A. R. Oatenhy; vice-president, Mrs.
reeordlng seeretary, 0. McDonald, P.
t 508; flnanolal seeretary, P. MoNeish.
Box CJW. 	
(VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDER-
ON—Meets at 091 NeUon -Itreet, at 11
a the Tuesday preceding the 1st Sun-
1 the month. President, E. A. Jamie-
91 Nelson St.; Secretary. 0. fl. Wll-
991 Nolson Bt; Business Agent, F.
tr, 991 Nelson St.
Wage Biso cnlled "Niggardly"
A Cincinnati, Ohio, despatch states
that E. H. Fitzgerald, grand presl
dent of Railway Clerks, Freight
Handlers, Express and Station Em
ployees, termed the increase granted
to members of his brotherhood by
the United States Railroad labor board
as "niggardly" and said that the Incoming congress will be urged to
abolish the labor board and allow the
railroad manngers to agree with the
brotherhood committees on wages
and working conditions.
Oipli-'iiin Offers n  Pleasing BUI
A least for fashionable fancies is
being offered at the Orpheum theatre
this week, the new vaudeville bill
being an offering in which the artis-
tic is ever present. Renee Robert
and the Olors-Dorf symphonists offer
exquisite dancing and melody of tho
most captivating order. Harry Jol
son, brother of the famous "Al", is a
blackface comedian with an opera
tic voico immensely pleasing. Miss
Venita Oould who gives impressions
of a number of big Broadway stars
Is a big favorite. George Kelley's
clever comedy, "The Weak Spot,"
causes gales of wholesome merriment.
Lydell and Macey, as "Old Cronies,"
present a sketch intensely human and
appealing. The Flying Hartwells are
thrillers, performing on a double
swinging rope. The Yong Wong
brothers are acrobats and jugglers,
and tlstes in their parti ular line.
The usual picture attractions and the
concert orchestra conclude this exceptionally entertaining bill.
-THIS WEBK-
last SHOW SATURDAY NIGHT
—MATINEES DAILY
MISS VENITA OOULD
RENEE ROBERTS
And   QIEBSDOBF SYMPHONISTS
LYDELL j MAOY j HARRY JOLSON
"THE WEAK SPOT"
YONG WONO BROS.	
THE jggjgjj HARTWELLS
Attractive Pictures  Concert Orchestra
-NEXT WEEK-
STABTIHO' WED. NIGHT, Not. T
DE LYLE ALDA
With Edw_rd Tiernfy tad Ju.
 DonmUy.	
II.MIIIY WATSON. Jit.
 MOSS ind WITg
HMBPPS BIBTEB8 KLEIN BROS.
E. J. LAMBEET H. 8 P. BEAT!
AttrmtlT, Plctur,, Ooacrt Otchtitw
PopnUr Price,    Box Offlea, Oe,, so.
ilBAPHIOAL UNION, No. 226—Pr«ii*
_, B. P. Prttlplooor TiM-praidMit. J.
Srin; leonUnr-treuanr, B. H. Nee*
VP. 0. Box te. Meeti lut S__d«r o(
tionth »t 3 p.m. In Ubor Boll, SK
> Street Weit.
(._ BUPERT TYPtORAPBtOAl.
ON. No. 413—Preildent, S. D. Moe*
, eeeretory-treo.orer, J. M. Ootnpbell,
Box 089.   Meeti lut Thnridor of eooh
_KEBS' PARTY OP CANADA—JOSH
Dder Street Weit. Boilnru meetlnh
7 lit ond Srd Wndneedftr erery month.
TO THE MEMBERS OF
LABOB
ORGANIZATIONS
Boost for
The Fed.
OVIt CIRCULATION IS
INCREASING
OET ANOTHER
NEW SUBSCRIBER
11. Gtrpendftle, correspondlnc iserettrr;   0.
Tether,    financial    secreterr;    3.    Hallidar,
branch ■rctnlur.
[By HON. SMITH W. BROOKHART,'
United States Senator from Iowa]
[Hon- Smith W. Brookhsrt, senator from
Iowa, is one of the most courageous representatives of the common people la the U.S.
senate: Hu thiuks as straight as he can
shoot, and has just returned from a trip to
Europe, where he visited Russia to learn
first hand tbe truth about the new republic]
I WENT to Russia to get facts. Pacts,
primarily, about agricultural conditions—the crops, the markets, transportation, the great * o-operatlve distributing agencies. I wanted to see
this mammoth experiment in workers'
government at work, to see what It
had done for1 the farmers, how quickly it was repairing tho, havoc of seven
years of internal and external wars.
Those are the facts which you can't
get at long distance, nor through the
average newspaper story. It's a
rare person ln Europe even who knows
tho truth about Russia. In Stockholm,
on my way to Russia, I met the correspondent of the Chicago Tribune,
who assured me that "everything had
gone to hell in Russia," that the
farmers were not planting crops, that
they had been broken by taxation
and were on the verge of revolt.
Yet, when I got to Russia, I found
exactly the opposite conditions. Too
much Is at stake In America's attitude towards this great government
and people to tolerate such Ul Informed and prejudiced opinions. That's
why I am giving you the facts about
Russia  as  I  have  found  them.
Most visitors to Russia are entertained at the special guest hotel,
given soviet guides and interpreters,
are feted, protected, and helped at
every turn by the soviet government. I wanted to see Russia without soviet assistance. And, fortunately, I was able to do so. I had the
valuable assistance of the American
Relief association with its vast experience In all parts of Russia. Before I went to Russia, Mr. Hoover
Instructed them to assist me In every
way and they performed this duty
with an efficiency and a good will
thnt I most deeply appreciate. They
furnished me with automobiles for
trips into the country among the
peasants at Minsk, Moscow, Kiev,
ami Odessa, and they furnished all
my interpreters for talking to the!
peasants. I am sure these gallant
officers did not deceive me and I am
also sure they know more about'
present Russian conditions than all
the czarist lecturers on the American Chautauqua circuits and all tho
propagandist correspondents sent
out to discredit Russin. The Information that I got was from the highest authority and the best informed
sources. «
If I should soe thnt Stockholm
correspondent of the Chicago Tribune
again I should tell him that instead
of finding thc farms idle, and peasants discontented, I saw two thousand miles of farms Intensively planted and with good crops everywher
I talked to these peasant's everywhere nnd found them the happiest
most contented and most hopeful
people in all Europe. They are
free, they vote in all the elections,
their taxes are low, not half the
rate of ours, they have the perpetual use of their houses and farms.
They have the greatest thirst for
education I have ever seen. Since
Russia is more than 90 per cent
peasant and about 8 per cent labor,
these facts are very impressive in
proving the stability of the new
government.
The only thing the Russian peasants are bitter against Is the counterrevolutionary movement that murdered their people, destroyed their
homes, and used up their surplus
grain, thereby causing the famine
when the dry year came. These
dry years occur at frequent periods
in the southern part of Russia where
the soil ls richest and very like that
of my own state of Iowa. The peasants plan for this drought and store
up a surplus against lt each year.
But In this case counter-revolutionary armies, notably under Denikin
and Wrangle, came into the country
and ate up the surplus, killed many
people and left the others to starve.
I was in villages where 60 per cent
died of starvation. Thousands fell
down dead ln the streets of Odessa.
They would nearly all have died but
for Colonel Haskell and his American rollof. But I think wo owed
them this relief gecause we helped
this snme Denikin In his murderous
war. The American captain who
brought me home told me he took
a ship load of cannon, riflles, shells
and ammunition to Denikin in a
government-owned Amorican ship
and delivered them to him ln the
Black sea ports, Later, the red
army, helped by the peasants,
whipped Denikin and captured these
rifles and I saw them in their possession. Por these reasons and because we sent two armies Into Russia,
the soviet government makes a claim
against us for damages and refuses
to pay the czar's debts unless we
pay this claim,
Russian peasants are practically
unanimous in their support of the
soviet government and are enthusiastic about the possibilities of the future. They are well pleased with
the soviet land policy and are quiet
as well satisfied with the new system of taxation. Thero can be no
doubt that the peasants of Russia
will harvest a large surplus for export. In fact, they are so confident
of a surplus crop that they are
already selling their surplus of last
year. I saw long strings of their
little one-horse wagons coming into
the stations loaded with sacks of
grain for Hale. I found one place
In Europe where they had already
sold and delivered Ave million bushels, I learned the names of fifteen
shops that had taken cargoes from
Crimean    ports    nnd    others    from
In all, It was estimated
that this old surplus will amount
to a million tons and harvesting was
j ready to begin on the new crop.
In Moscow I saw them preparing
a great agricultural exposition with
some more pretentious than an Iowa
155 acres df buildings as thick and
state fair, and 14 more acres for
foreign exhibits, To show what the
new government has done to improve
the living conditions of the peasants,
two miniature villages wero reproduced on the fair grounds, One
contained samples of the peasant
huts as they were built in every district in the czar's time (I know
they wore true to form becauso I
was in them In many peasant vlll
ages); nearby was the othor village
with houses of the new type, showing;
very great Improvement. The peasants livo in little villages and from
the train one can be seen every
minute or two., I saw many hundreds of them and In all, except
the worst famine regions of the
south, thero were many new houses
of the better type being built. With
my own eyes I saw more new improvements for the peasants than
czarism did In a whole thousand
years.
Doing the Job Scientifically
I went to the agricultural college
several miles outside of Moscow. It
Ts .In charge of Professr Williams,
an American, and a grand old man
who has been there .for forty years.
He told me most of the professors
remained through the revolution and
are on duty there now. I saw their
experimental farms and In the library
I found the late bulletins of nearly
all the agricultural colleges ln the
United States with Russian translations of them. The only difficulty
facing the college is the lack of
accomodations for the thousands
who come eager for training. Before the revolution he never had
over 2500 students. Now he has
nearly 5000, There are 11 other
agricultural schools in Russia with
two or three thousand students ln
each. Contrast this with Turkey
where I found but 45 students, with
Roumania where there are but 40,
and with Poland where they have
not yet  established a single school,
1 found the railroads in good condition and every train on time. The
cars were clean, the service good,
and the meals satisfactory. I saw
much new work on the railroads, es
pecially in the war districts. I was
informed that 90 per cent of the
mileage is now in operation and
that for the first time they have their
own locomotive shops. This was
confirmed by American representatives of the .Baldwin Locomotive
company at Bucharest.
IA  Magnu  Charta  for  tlie  Churches
The religious question Is the only
one thnt has threatened tho stability
of the soviet government since the
counter-revolutionists wero driven
out. That was settled before I got
to Russia by the separation of
church and state and also of church
and education. This settlement has
been accepted ln good spirit nnd a
vast majority of the priests have
joined the new living church. The
protestant churches, notably the
mcthodists, baptists and quakers,
have already started great religious
movements and tho field is open to
all churches. While the soviet government Ib non-sectarian, still, It Is
not hostile to this religious program and leaves the churches free
to work out their own plans. This
certainly adds greatly to the stability
of the | overnment. The only disturbance I heard of while I was in
Russia was a train robbery.
Democratizing  Government
Russia's elections are run exactly
like the old stand-pat republican
caucuses and they ought to be reformed and will be ln time. Everybody, women and all, vote—except
the czarlsts, certain intellectuals and
employers of labor. These exceptions are an unfair discrimination
and ought to be removed. Communism as lt started Is dead. Even
tho Ftate operated enterprises are
being reorganized as co-operatives
with the approval of the government.
Co-operntlon has grown to six times
Its   volume   before   the   revolution.
Nobody approves the excesses and
cruelties of the revolution even
though they wero Inevitable. Everybody thinks czarism should have
been overthrown. The present government Is largely a labor government although tho voice of the peasant grows stronger in It every day.
This unites the vast majority of the
people in its support. .The army is
made up of peasants nnd workers
and anybody can see It is entirely
friendly to the populace. All trials
are now conducted In regular courts.
As among peasants and workers they
are fair; as to czarlsts they are not.
They aro sometimes extreme In their
punishments. They are making
every possible effort to educate all
the people except the czarlsts. They
teach their theories of government
as we teach Americanism. Upon
the whole I think they will have
to modify many things in* their
government even as we have done
by nineteen amendments to our
constitution.
Communist propaganda against
the United States ls dead. It nevor!
was one-tenth part of what we put;
out against them! Every Russian
I met expressed the deepest friend
ship for America, from Trotzky down
to the lowest peasant. There is
every reason to believe lt Is genuine.
As matters now stand there are
three alternatives in Russia. The
present government, czarism or chaos.
[The soviet government Is many times
better than czarism which we recognized for 140 years. It is also many
times better than the unspeakable
Turk with his long history of
Christian murders, but whose gov
ernment we have always recognled
and do now. The recognition of a
government does not mean its approval. If it did I Should oppose It
and there are seyeral other countries
whose recognition I would withdraw.
There is only argument for the recognition of Russia. It may tend to
settle the world unrest and to he
store world prosperity. In conclu
sion, my advice to Americans ls, lf
you want to take action for or
against '" Russia, flrst flnd out the
facts. Disregard the advice of propagandists of the great trusts and
the czarlsts who don't want to know.
Action based upon anything but the
solid truth will not do credit to
America   In   the   end.
After-Eating   Distress
And all forms of stomach trouble, snch at
irsi, pains, add, sour, burning stomach art
sll relieved ln two minutes by taking
JO-TO
Je-To sold hy sll Druggists.
Wage Reductions
The railway companies by act of
parliament have been given a reserve
of £120,000,000—a larger sum than
they have ever had—and yet they turn
to the working men and say that they
should submit to a wage reduction,*
a T. Cramp.
Blamed for Disaster
It is the system which works for a
profit, regardless of the lives of men,
which must be blamed for disasters
tike that of the Redding pit.—James
Maxton, M. P.
Dr. J. I. Gorosh
DBUOLESS PHYSICIAN
OHIROPBACTOE
Chronic ond nervous diseases treated
by dru_le_s methods only. ,
902*03  DOMINION BU-LDOO
207 Hastings Street West
For free examination, OaU Ser. 4371
Emphasizing Our Unmatched Values in
Women's Coats
and Dresses
Garments of the season's latest mode, fashioned of
fabrics that take their place in the front rank of the
season's most desired novelties, and well fiinshed.
For style, appearance, nowhere else can you find
value to equal these.
WOMEN'S COATS, $29.50
Made of velour with fur-trimmed eollar and lined throughout,
showing the popular side fastening, in sizes An/v C/\
to fit women and misses ty_,*/J&\)
WOMEN'S AND MISSES' COATS, AT $39.50
A collection that offers almost unlimited choice for selection.
Made of good quality velour with fur collar and cuffs, and
attractively embroidered. &QQ Cfl
Extra value..
CANTON CREPE AFTERNOON DRESSES,
at $25.00
A dress that will add greatly to the completeness of the winter
wardrobe. A wide variety of becoming styles to choose from,
fashioned on long straight lines, and showing pleated panels,
and embroidered. Colors of navy
and black.   Price	
$25.00
TRICOTINE DRESSES for $29.50
Many smart models to choose from. The material is of a very
fine quality trimmed with military braid or embroidery; colors
of brown, navy, putty, rust 4_QQ C A
and grey. y_St/iOU
Hudson's Bay Company
VANOOUVER, B. 0.
Insist on the Genuine Beer
Every bottle bears the
TRADE MARK
BEER
"CAN'T BE BEAT"
For Sale by All Government Vendors in B. C.
Why the B. C. Federationist
GETS RESULTS
The B. C. Federationist is the Official Paper of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Oounoil.
Prints more local Labor news than any other paper in Canada.
Goes to press promptly every Friday morning and never disappoints
its readers.
Keeps the workers informed of what is going on in the various organizations. Furnishes information of value that never appears in the daily
papers.
Tells the good things about Unions and members.
Looks upon the optimistic side and lets the hammer rust.
Keeps British Columbia Labor on the map by being one of the most
widely quoted Labor papers published.
Presents Labor's side of industrial and political issues in their true light,
and wins friends for Labor.
Gives results to advertisers, beoause it goes into homes of the best paid
class of workert, and is accepted as a guide by Trades Unionist pur.
chasers.
You must have the Federationist in the home each week to keep in touoh
with the Oity, Provincial and Federal and International Labor Movement,
Subscription Rate: United States and foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada,
$2.50 per year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions subscribing in a body,
16c per member per month.
B. C. FEDERATIONIST
LABOR HALL, 319 Pender Street W«st, VANCOUVER, B. C. PAGE FOUR
FIFTEENTH YEAR.    No. 44    BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER. B. c.
FRIDAY..: November :
PROVINCIAL PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Open Letter to Hon. John Oliver
VANCOUVER, OCT. 26, 1923.
The HON. JOHN OLIVER,
Premier of British Columbia,
Victoria, B. G.
Dear Sir:
I enclose herewith for your information copy of a pamphlet SEARCHLIGHT Nc. 5, issued today by the Provincial Party of British Columbia. If
its contents be true, you, your colleagues, and Mr. Bowser, should, in common
decency, retire from public Life. If they are untrue, you should be given the
earliest opportunity to refute them.    For that reason I send you this copy.
This is tho flfth pamphlet whloh I have sent you within the last few
months. Each contains most damaging charges. In one you are accused of
conniving with Mr. Bowser to prevent a proper investigation into the flrst P.
G. E. scandal; in another with retaining (Hon. John Hart as Minister of
Finance after he had used his position as a Minister of the Crown, with the
technical protection of an Incorporated company behind him, for hiB private
and personal gain, ln connection with the P. G. E. Ry., of which both he and
you, are directors. On July 20, 1923, and August 24, 1923, I addressed open
letters to you requesting a reply to these charges and published them in the
press.
To these you failed to make any answer.
On April 15 of this year, the Salmon Arm Observer quoted from your
public address ln that city as follows:
"The speaker defied Gen. McRae to debate any charges of misdemeanor
by the present Government, anywhere, at any time."
Being anxious for that opportunity, I notified you by open letter on April
30 that I would meet you in the city where you had issued the challenge, on a
date which you were to select. In order that the fullest opportunity might
be given you to make your defence, the Board of Trade of Salmon Arm undertook to secure a hall to seat 2500 people, and I offered to put on a barbecue
and dance ln connection with the event for the further entertainment of those
who attended.
You failed to accept tlmt challenge also. I notice, however, by northern
papers, that when confronted with this failure, at your meetings, you statod
you would meet me at a time to suit your own convenience, although I had
studiously consulted your convenience by leaving the selection of the date to
yourself, I recall that you made a similar reply when asked why you failed
to meet the still unrefuted charges of Mr. R. T. Elliot, on April 17, 1920,
Which were read in your presence on the floor of the Legislature.
Instead, you and your Attorney-General have contented yourselves with
slighting references to, and imiendoca against myself. Speaking ln Ash Hall,
Vancouver, Hon. Mr. Manson was reported in the public press as saying with
regard to me:
"When we consider the various enterprises wtth Which he has been connected in the past, I urn inclined to believe he Is hardly worth considering.
'The less said, Uie better, I think. However, we shall deal with him when the
time comes."
I promptly addressed a letter to the Attorney-General, gave him an outline of all essential facts that could be recalled about my career, arranged a
public meeting at Now Westminster, and invited him to meet mo there, and
unburden himself of all the sinister facts regarding myself in his possession.
Following your example he failed to appear at that meeting, which I had
called to allow him a chance to establish or withdraw his imputations.
The above Incidents have forced me to the conclusion that you, and your
Attorncy-Genernl are common cowards, and that your methods towards those
who criticize your public acts are of the contemptible character which a
coward usually adopts, namely, gossip and bluster. From the charges made
against you and your Government you have sought safety in silence. Your
ally, Mr. Bowser, has dono the same. In the public interest therefore I propose another course to force both of you to recognise your responsibilities.
The "present charges against you and your Government in SEARCHLIGHT No. 5, which I send by registered mail, aro supported b.v the affidavits
of your own officials. They reveal either Incredible neglect of duty, or roi»-
nivnncc with others to defraud aud plunder the people of the Province. You
are asked to appoint a Royal Commission to investigate these charges. If
they are untrue you have a great opportunity through such a tribunal, to discredit the Provincial Party and to vindicate yourself.
In order that this may be done at a minimum of expense to the taxpayers,
tho Provincial Party oilers to bear the cost of the necessary audit. A previous offer by us to pay for on audit of the department of Industries iu order
to prove waste and extravagance, was not accepted by your Attorney-General.
I make this demand for a Royal Commission on behalf of _?0,000 enrolled
members of the Provincial Party. But I make it as well on behalf of the
Whole body of long-suffering; taxpayers, who, if these charges be true, aro being exploited by professional politicians like yourself and your confederates.
On behalf of these taxpayers I want you, that any attempt by you to tako
power, at tho coming session of the Legislature, to borrow more monoy on
P. G. E. account, or to seek by the dissolution of tho Legislature, another torm
of offlco, before some adequate and Impartial Investigation Is held, will bo
such an outrage against public morals that the electorate will show its resentment at the flrst opportunity.
(Signed)   A. D. McRAE.
An Appeal to Good Citizens
Is lt not high time that all loyal citizens, regurdless of party,
insisted on our Provincial Government either defending itself against
tho charges which have been hurled at It during tho presont year or
submitting its case to the electors for approval? It is unthinkable
that a government, which bannot clear itself of these charges, can
continue to administer the affairs of the Province for anothor two
years.
The flght, which tlie Provincial Pnrty is making for the return
of honest and decent government to British Columbia, Is your flght.
Are you in it? The effort to.clean up tho political life of our Province needa the assistance of evory patriotic elector—man and woman
alike. Don't you feol that you should take your part in this citizens'
movement to got rid of the professional politicians ami by a business
govornment restore British Columbia to prosperity? Only the united
effort of the right-thinking people will bring this about.
We do nol ask mueh—Join thre Provincial Pnrty and help select
one of your best men as a delegato to the BIG CONVENTION of the
party to be held in Vancouver on DECEMBER 4th. It will be the
flrst real citizens' political convention ever held in British Columbin.
Organizations are Doing formed in every riding in the Province. Get
in line with thousands of your fellow citizens und help put this good
government movement "ovor the top." If you are still undecided as
to tho needs for this now politicul movement In our Provincinl affairs.
GET "SEARCHLIGHT NO. 6" AND READ IT. A post card to the
above address will bring it to you as well as a membership card,
which you can sign and return if you think we are on the right road.
We are on the eve or political deliverance in British Columbia.
DO YOUR SHARE.     Communicate with
The Provincial Party of British Columbia, Room 29,
Imperial Block, Vancouver, B. C.
NOTICE TO MEMBERS: Get your Searchlight If you arc not
getting your Searchlight, notify Headquarters Provincial Party of
B. C. AT ONOE.
'
'
4mm¥m^¥¥¥¥kt*%]4wm\^^kfi^^t^mm^^wv^
Ask for
"OLD ENGLISH"
Pale Ale
A full-bodied, fine flavored Ale
that will compare in quality with
any of the famous imported
ales, and at much less cost to the
consumer.
,
■
At all Government Vendors
This advertisement is not published or displayed by
the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of
British Columbia.
ALD.   B.   P.   PETTIPIECE
Labor candidate for Mayor for 1924.
Ill
Swelling  Army  of  Workless—
Alarming Figures  in the
Irish Free State
Returns of unemployment in the
Irish Free State show an alarmingly
steady rate of Increase (states the
weekly bulletin issued by the Irish
Labor party and Trade Union congress. Last May, when the new
scheme of unemployment benefit
camo into operation, tho number of
registered unemployed was 29,*! 1*1.
Since then It has risen steadily until
last week it reached 40,642. The Immediate problem of the unemployed
ean be alleviated by legislation to
amend the Unemployment Insurance
acts. But this can at best be only
a  temporary  palliative. What    Is
wanted nre far-reaching constructive
proposals, designed, so far as is possible, to prevent and abolish unemployment, and not morely to relieve lhe
victims. So far no practical proposals
for relief have boen forthcoming
from the employers, who insist that
wages must come down and leave It
at that. To ask workers to submit
to wage reductions without offering
any compensation or hope of compensation for their sacrifice Is, however, mere cynical cruelty.
There was a young lady named Astor,
Whose clothes fitted her like a plaster
When  she  happened  to sneeze,
She felt  a  cold  breeze,
And knew she had met with disaster.
NATIONALIZATION PAYS
The Government Railways in New
South Wales Have Earned
Big Surplus
A surplus of more than £84,000 over
and above working expenses and interest charges was earned by the New
South Wales Government railways in
the year ending June 30, 1928.
For the flrst time since 1914 the
railways have earned a clear surplus,
the total earnings being £15,221,383,
and the working expenses £10,649,974,
leaving a net earned total of over
i% millions, equivalent to £5 4s. 4d.
per cent, on capital.
The operating results of the year
(says the Railway Gazette), are the
more satisfactory, as many freight
concessions designed to Improve
country conditions were granted. In
working expenses a substantial saving
of £446,828 was effected.
Philippinoes Are Getting Innocu-
lated at the Bate of 400
Per Day
It is scarcely credible that such a
move as the systematic vaccination
of the entire population of the Philippine islands should have been undertaken by the Philippine' board of
health. Yet this is tho case, and
some almost unbelievable figures are
presented in connection with the
work. For example, there are ten
parties operating in various provinces
at present, and the average daily vaccinations of each party number nearly
400. It is estimated that it will take
seven years before the task is completed, and that it will cost more than
$06,000 annually. As seven years is
the outside limit of immunity even
supposed to be conferred by vaccination, presumably there has been
started a sort of continuous circle,
which should prove very profitable
to certain interests involved.—Christian Science  Monitor.
Great Britain's Notional Debt
Great Britain's national debt in
1913 was £700,000,000, or £14 per
head of population. In 1923 It
amounts to £7,730,000,000, or £160
per head. The interest eats up 46
per cent of all the taxes, or about
£400,000,000 (including interest to
tlio United States).
AST Friday evening, Dr. Curry del-*>boating  at
ved Into some of the mysteries
of   "spiritualism."
He showed that just as primitive
man, postulated good and evil spirits
to account for physical phenomena,
such as echoes and reflections, thunder, lightning, sickness, dreams and
death so even to-day millions are
postulating spirits and their influences
as the cause of phenomena, not yet
understood, and doubtless this was
also factor experienced by primitive
man, in building up mythologies and
creeds. Intercourse between mortals nnd the spirit world has been a
belief common to nearly all races.
In tho old testament we road of Saul's
seanco with the witch of Endor,
when tho spirit of the prophet Samuel materialized, and in the new
testament tho appearance and communications of spirits to mortals were
accepted   without question.
Dr. Curry thtn referred to the investigations carried on by professor
Wm. Crooks, with mediums such as
Miss Fox and others, and he read
paragraphs from Crook's publications showing the startling results of
these tests. Perhaps these were the
most lemarkable demonstrations
over experienced find declared by a
man of science. With a 15 year old
girl, Florence Cook by name, a spirit
form appeared in Professor Cook's
labatory with photographic apparatus and numerous witnesses, this
materialized form, calling herself
Katie King appeared repeatedly.
According to the Professor's
statements, she was a vory beautiful
and perfectly formed young lady, dur.
ing the brief time of her presence.
Ho says: "she sometimes took my
arm when walking and the lmpresH-
lon convoyed to me was that I had a
living woman by my side, instead of
a visitor from the other world."
During thts time of her appearance,
MIsh Cook the medium was lying in
a trance. Mr. Crook even sounded
Katie's lungs and found that the
pulso  of this  materialized spirit was
BURNING STOMACH
Relieved la two mlnutei with
JO-TO
Jo-To relieve! gai pains, add atomaoh, heartburn, after-eating UUtreafl and all forma of
Indlgustlon quickly, without harm.
All Drug Stores.
Best $2.50
GLASSES ON EARTH
OOMPLETE WITH
OUB SCIENTIFIC
EXAMINATIONS
Glnnsot- not pn-ecribtid unices ab*
flolntcly  noccsHary.     Examinations
made tir graduate Eyesight Special*
IslH.    -Satisfaction  guaranteed.
W« grind out own lenses.  Lenses
duplicated by mall.
PITMAN
Optical House
(Formerly   Drown  Optical   Hoiitw)
Be   min*   of   the   address—Above
Wonlworth's Store, near
Oranvlll*',
Suite 36, Davis Chambers,
616 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
 rhone Bey,  1071
while
medium's
was 00.
These tests, which lasted four
years, terminated in the spring of
1874, and as far as we know from
that time until his death, only a few
years ago, Crooks never publicly endorsed, nor yet repudiated the reports nnd conclusions which he declared beforo the world during the
time of his investigations, and yet
stated there eould be no message to
mankind of such transcendent importance.
The Source ami Function of Psyeho-
plasin
After his address Dr. Curry showed
among other interesting pictures,
Photographs of that "spiritual" substance and force which seems to explain much of the phenomena of
spiritualism but which itself transcends all accepted laws of matter
and  energy.
Dr. W, Crawford for several years
investigated thfs psychoplasm as it is
ealled in acordance with test condl
tions, and ho and other investigators
declare lhat lt is the mediums which
moves tables, builds up spirit hands
through this plasm which exudes
from their bodies. This substance
even develops spiritual forms such as
"Katie King." Crawford claims that
tho "operators" which control thi
mediums and those phychlc structures are disembodied spirits, per
sons   who   hnve   "passed   over/'
Another hypothesis, however,' is
to-day gaining ground. Tho speaker
presented .the theory of the lato
Thomas .1, Hudson, D.Sc, who in his
book "The Law of Phychlc Phenomena," refuses to accept the spiritual hypothesis. He bases his proposition on the "duality of the human
mind." He says there is conscious
reasoning mind and there is also the
subconscious, or subjective mind, the
latter is in control during hypnosis.
It is the controlling mentnllty when
we dream, "it operates under "sug
gestloii" and because it controls the
functions of the body, such as respiration, circulation and digestion, an
appeal to this subconscious mind may
cure  or alleviate disease.
The curative powers of Christian
Science, or Devine healers, etc., are
through this influence.
Now instead of mediums being controlled by "disembodied spirits," Hudson tells us that they are controlled
hy their own subconscious mind, that
the>; follow out the ideas of "spirit
control", through suggestion, because
they have been told that this Is the
controlling force, and those constituting the circles throw out that suggestion also. It ls accepted by tho medium  and   the  suggestion   Is  followed.
As Thomas Hudson says: "What
wo need is an explanation of psychic
phenomena, "the man who denies
this plicnomenn is not entitled to be
called a sceptic, to-day he can only
ho called' ignorant. While I admit
the alleged phenomena, T deny thai
tho cause  are   spirits."
Thp subject for this Friday's meeting will be: "Tho evidences of
Materialsm versus Spiritism. If a
man   dies,   does   he   live  again."
HARRY NEELANDS, M. L. A.
South   Vaneoaver,   will   likely  succeed
himself at approaching general elections.
He Is the popular president of the Vancouver Trades and Labor council.
Convicted of "Seditious Libel"—
Sentenced to Two Years in
Penitentiary
A Halifax, N. S., despatch states
that Chief Justice Harris refused bail
on Wednesday to James B. MacLachlan, former secretary of United Mine
Workers of America, in Nova Scotia,
and prominent worker in the labor
movement. MacLachlan had been
sentenced to two years by Justice Hellish after being convicted of "seditious
Ubel." J. B. MacLachlan was a delegate of the miners to the Vancouver
convention of the Trades and Labor
congress  last September.
Failure of British Government to
Produce Plans Causing:
Deep Anxiety
FOURTH WORKLESS WINTER
Schemes So  Far Made  Known
Cannot Assist Country to
Solve Problem
[Labor Press Service]
T ONDON, Oct. IS.—Under the shadow of the fourth workless winter
tho failure of the government to pro
duce its plans for dealing with un
employment is causing deep anxiety.
Last week representatives of the public authorities in the chief industrial
towns, at a conferenco in London,
formulated In plain terms the view
which is gaining ground everywhere
that unemployment Is a national
problem that must be dealt with
by bold and comprehensive national
measures, and emphasising the impossibility of leaving the workless
people, whose numbers will by Christmas probably reach a total of 2,000,-
000, dependent upon schemes of local
relief. .Municipalities cannot benr
the burden. In a manufesto issued
this week the British legion, representing the ex-service men, takes exactly the same point of view in urging
the establishment of a national employment committee to put into operation works of public utility on a
scale commensurate with the evil,
Demand Is Mnde for Loan
To finance such schemes a demand
Is made for the immediate raising of
a national loan of at least ^£200,000,-
000. For months, and even years,
the lahor party and the Trades
Union congress have been Insisting
upon the need of such measures.
Nothing has been done. Sir Montague Barlow blandly assures tho
country that the minister of labor Is
well aware of the gravity of the crisis,
and Is preparing plans. The prime
minister and othor of his colleagues
with equal blandness soothe the public mind by pretending that the im
perlnl economic conference now silt
ing is absorbed In profound study of
new methods of relieving the sltua
tion through the development of ln-
tra-imperial trade and the promotion
of large schemes of empire re-settlement involving the transfer of surplus population from this country to
the overseas dominions. Wo say at
once that none of these schemes so
far as they have been mnde known
can in the slightest degree assist this
country to solve its unemployment
problem.
BRUCE OVERCOATS!
SATISFY
THAT'S WHY THEY'RE SELLING SO WELL-
THE VALUES ABE RIGHT—AND THE STYLES
ARE GOOD.
$25 $29^ $34
.50
"liOW  PRICES—QUICK   SALES"
C. D. BRUCE
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
I____r____
Why buy an inferior product when you obtair
BEST at the same price?
COAL
WE EMPLOY WHITE LABOR-THINK IT OVEB
PHONE SEYMOUR 2988
Educating the Young.
There never was a timo when an
Industrial country needed more to
educate its young people than at the
present, for industrial competition
throughout the world will become
more keen as the years go on—Miss
Margaret Bondfleld.
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
Why Let George Do It
If you do not attend your u
meetings and the othor fellow
why kick. He Is doing the bes
can. Why complain becnuse Ge
does It. Why not do it yourself
 ,        f
Hand  your neighbor this cop;
The    Federationist,    and    then
around next day for a subscrlptloi
    Sixth Anniversary of the Proletarian Revolution
WORKERS' PARTI" OF CANADA
CELEBRATION DANC1
CLIXTOX HAL!*, Cornel' Clinlon and Ponder Streets
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 3rd, 1923
Admission:  Gents. 50 cents;  Ladies, 25 cents.
Fresh Cut Blowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Pin
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd]
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
48 Hastings Street East        2—STORES—2        855 GranvUle Stree j
Sey. »88-672 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 0513-1391
QTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash oj
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Lte
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
AGED MAP DISCOVERED
Shows That Columbus Believed That
He Had Iteaehed Shores
of Asia
By no means the least notable of
the reeent discoveries of ancient maps
Is a hitherto unknown Italian world
map, dated 1506, a unique copy of
which has been Becured by purchase
for the British museum, sayB the
Christian Science Monitor. This map,
so far as ls known, ls the flrst printed
map ln which the discoveries of Columbus and his contemporaries are
set down. In several of the main
outlines thero is to be found a remarkable general accuracy, which
points to the fact that the compiler
availed himsolf of the data supplied
by nautical charts. Off the coast of
southeast' Asia Is a legend referring
to the achievements of Columbus
which shows that his own view that
he had reached tho extreme shores
of Asia was still accepted without
question, b.v some at least, as late
ns inae.
Pass The  Federatlonist along and
help get new subscribers.
Canadian National Railway
TRAIN
FIRST TRAIN from Winnipeg, Dec. 6, 1923, direct to shlp'8 sll
Halifax, for sailing of S.S. "Ausonia" Dec. 0 to Queenstown, Llverpol
S.S. "Doric" December 9 to Belfast, Liverpool.
SECOND TRAIN from Winnipeg, Dec. 11, 19_!3, direct to ship's sll
Halifax, for sailing' of S.S. "Pittsburg" Dec. 14 to Southampton, OHf
bourg, Bremen;   S.S. "Canada" Dec. 15 to Glasgow, Liverpool.
THROUGH TOURIST SLEEPING CARS FROM VANCOUV
DECEMBER 3rd and DECEMBER 8th
9.50 P.M.    CONTINENTAL LIMITED    9.50 P.M]
SAILINGS FOR ALL STEAMSHIP
LINES ARE NOW AVAILABLE
FuU details from
TOURIST AND TRAVEL BUREAU, 52J GKANVIDLE STREE
CANADIAN NATIONAL RAILWAYS

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