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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 29, 1921

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Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH.^	
(THIRTEENTH YEAR.   No. 29.       FOUR PAGES
*■■■ ■ =
OFFICIAL PAPEB:   VANCOUVEB TJADES AND LABOB COUNCIL.
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 29,1921 ~
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTORY
$2.60 PER YEAR
Declares War on Yellow
Amsterdam
International
Delegates from Different
Countries Voice
Their Views
Moscow, July 4th. "Rosta
%Isn."—Th. Ilrst congress of tke
IM Trad* Union International was
•pent. In tb* avenlng of July Ird.
tht following were elected to the
iTesldlum: Losovskl and Rykov
(Russia), Rosmer (France and
Belgium), Knight (Canada and
United States), Heckert (Germany
- nd Austria), Tom Mann (England,
Australia and South Africa), Nick
'(Spain), Maslevskl (Poland),
Hampe (Ciecko-Blovakla), Pav-
lovlc (Balkans) and one place was
left open for Italy. The general
iecretary Losovskl held the opening speech.
"Our organisation which numbers 17 million members came Into
existence flrst eleven months ago.
In less than a year the Red Trade
Union International has made an
uncommon growth and has becomo
a powerful opponent for the' Amsterdam International. Our revolution supports Itself upon the revolutionary movement of the
ises. Upon our banner ls
written unyielding struggle against
capital on the contrary to the Amsterdam International which seeks
to achieve an understanding with
the bourgeois. In order to break
through the front of capitalism we
must before all things remove the
compromise elements from our
aildst. Our congress will oreate a
united front against the bourgeois."
The delegate of the Bngllsh
trade unions greeted the oongress
In the name of the Bngllsh. Among.
the English workers a great change
cf opinion Is to be noticed stated
the speaker. The workers are convinced of the unavoldablllty of the
Class war and oonalder the dictator-
■hip of tha proletariat as necessary. The eoonomlo crisis lead to
s, greater revolutionising of the
■ of Bngllsh workers which
tras specially ln evidence ln the
strlk* of the miners. Three months
long they continued their struggle
quite alone for they had been left
In the hole by their treacherous
{leaders. In England new conflicts
(Continued on page 4)
WW
omplete Legal Status Is
Given by Soviet
Russia
Moscow—A governmont decree,
. publlihed, grants to Industrial
.-operators oomplete franchise for
Organization and operation.   Under
hla decree oo-operators may form
provincial    associations    enjoying
nmplete legal status and may or-
nlze enterprises for the manufac-
lure and sale of products.   The de-
free exempts such enterprises from
latlonallsation or municipalization,
i well as from requisition or conation.   All Soviet authorities are
istruoted to aid such enterprises
ad give them preference in placing
ate orders.   The co-operatives are
lot subjeet to state control, but
prill administer themselves accord-
r to regulations approved by the
bpreme council of publlo economy.
Another decree  authorises  any
Ltlzen to open private Industrial or
rading enterprises not employing
pore than 20 workers.   It Is polnt-
I out ln connection with these de-
frees, however, that the Soviet regulations regarding wages and the
irotectlon of labor, etc., remain o&-
Igatory for petty Industries.
LWork  has been started  on the
jblargement of the mouth of the
olga tn the Caspian Sea.      This
|ork, which will be of great assistive to Russian commerce, will be
pmpleted In September.
[The Crimea has been made an
latonomous Soviet republic.
I The  Third.   International   Communist congress has closed.   Zlno-
lev was re-elected chairman.   The
Ireign delegates to  the congress
panked the Russians for their hos-
allty.   "The International prole-
Lrlat," said Zlnoviev, "can rest as-
Jred that the Russian workers and
ants will continuo to be the
nguard of the social revolution."
I Where Is the Union Button?
AT
Workers  Seeking Truth
and S. P. of C. Meetings
Are Attractive
The good attendance at the Columbia theatre laat Sunday night,
again showed the high value which'
Is placed upon the propaganda of
tha Sooialist Party of Canada.
The vigorous, well-delivered address contributed by J, Kavanagh,
was listened to wtth close attention,
after which a number of questions
were up for discussion. The continual references by the dally papers to the black winter which Is
supposed to be approaching, Is having Its effect upon ths minds of the
workers.
A general desire to know, and to
understand more of this scurvy system, which overwhelms special
skill, high ambition, and unremitting effort to succeed, Is being manifested by those who are now unemployed, and also those who fear
the loss of the Job which they now
have. The great working class
need, ls a true understanding of
the position which they occupy ln
capitalist, society.
This knowledge can be acquired
by supporting the propaganda of
scientific Socialism and studying lt.
Next Sunday the speakers will be
Chris. Stephenson and A. S. Wells.
Buy at a union store
Writer in Nation Says
Organization Composed
Largely of Officers
(By the Federated Press)
New Tork—The use of the American Legion to establish policies
and laws which mock the rights of
free conscience, free speech and
free assembly,' attempts to manipulate the schools, to do lip-service to
Labor while covertly attacking it
from behind, to hamstring and terrorize the alien, to obtain a prohibitive tariff against the Importation
of foreign ideas might "spill the fat
that the privileged classes of the
United States have for 50 years
been frying out of the Immigrant
and working men and women," are
charged against the Legion by Arthur Warner ln the concluding Installment of his series of articles on
that organ!, atlon ln the Nation of
July 20. Mr. Warner summarizes
the lawless and practically unrestrained activities of the Legion
against almost every manifestation
of liberalism and radicalism, howover legitimate and proper. In respect to its pretended friendship to
"conservative" Labor, he says: ,
"When one considers that at least
8 out of 10 of the men mobilized by
this country for tho .European war
belonged to what Is commonly called the 'working class,' there must
be something wrong with an organization among th»m that Is regarded either with veiled distrust
or downright hostility by the rank
and file of organized labor."
Ho points out that although Sam
Oompers ln the spring of 1920 gave
the Legion his Indorsement—although he was careful to explain
that he was speaking only ln his
personal capacity—the Legion's Interference against Labor unions in
countless strikes has provided abundant reason for Labor's distrust.
"The converse of Labor's distrust
and hostility toward the Legion,"
Mr. Warner continues, "Is found ln
the tenderness and affection felt tor
It by chambers of commerce, employers' associations and big business generally."
The Legion has officially sponsored, lf not actually initiated, the
article declares, the vicious and unnecessary "antl-seditton" and "criminal syndicalism" legislation
Which has been pressed before numerous state legislatures, usually
against the opposition of organized
Labor.
Concluding, the article calls attention to the fact that while the
Legion probably never Included.
more than one in six of the former
servico men, lt now can claim uard-
ly one In eight of such persons.
"It contains an undue proportion of
former officers," Mr. Warner writes,
"and these men hold most of the
offices ln and control the policy of
the organization."
Shoemakers Strike
The boot and shoe workers at
Leckie's are on strike over a reduction in wages, which was made
without the employees being consulted.
Be sure to notify the post olllce
as soon as you change your address.
A MEETING OF ALL
Workers of Greater Vancouver
Under tlie Auspices of Uie Oouncll of Workers
—WILL BE HELD IN THE—
PENDER HALL
Corner of Pender and Hone Streeta
Sunday Afternoon/ July 31st
Commencing at 2:30
WORKERS, WIIKIUEH UNEMPLOYED OR NOT,  ARE
BUXJUESTED TO ATTEND THIS MEETING
SOVIET ARK
IHE PEOPLE'S
1
Red   Army   Cannot   Be
Compared to Capitalistic Forces
Officers of New Army Recruited from Ranks
of Workers
(Wra. Z. Foster ln Soviet Russia)
(Editor's Note—The following; ls
the sixth of a series of special articles on conditions ln Russia which
Mr. Foster was commissioned by
the Federated Press to write. He
already has desorlbed the constitution of the workers' republic and
some of the problems the Red army
was called upon to face in its role
of defender of Soviet principles.)
MOSCOW—Another grave problem which the Red army
had to face was the system
of army control and command. In
the Csar's army extreme bitterness
existed between the officers and the
rank and flle. The former, who
were exclusively aristocrats and
bourgeois, lost no occasion to tyrannize over the common soldier.
Hence, when the revolution came,
a natural demand of the soldiers
was for the right to elect their own
officers. This was granted, and the
system introduced Into the old
army, and later on into the Red
Ouard after the former had disintegrated.
The effect was chaos and general
demoralization. Discipline vanished and the military unitB degenerated into debating societies. Elections of officers and commanding
committees followed each other in
swift succession. There was no
head or tall to anything. Orders
would be given to a regiment, and
then maybe a week later word
would be eent to headquarters that
after long consideration the regiment had decided that the orders
were Impracticable and should not
be obeyed. The efficiency of the
armed forces as a fighting organization was reduced almost to zero.
Tho officers of the Red army met
this issue where the ruling powers
were against the soldierB. They
pointed out the weaknesses of the
system of electing the officers by
popular vote, and declared that although this measure was a perfectly natural demand tn an imperialistic army «here the ruling powers
were against the soldiers, it was altogether out of place in a democratic army where the government was
composed of workers and bound to
(Continued on page t)
E
Employers   Ignore   Provisions of Agreement
Covering Wages
Winnipeg— One hundred and
seventy-five tailors, members of the
One Big Union, have been locked
out by the master tailors here. The
employers have disregarded the
agreement between the two bodies,
and are out for a 10 per cent, reduction ln wages.
According to the contract, notice
must be served 15 days before the
1st of April of each year if any
change In the agreement ls desired
by either party. No notification of
such change was made by the employers this spring and the contract
therefore automatically runs for
another year. On July 15 the men
were served with a notice to the
effect that a 10 per cent, wage
reduction would take place, effective Immediately.
The men refused to accept this
ultimatum, pointing out that the
agreement signed ln 1920 still remained ln force. A lockout was
the result.
Patronize   Fed  Advertizer's,
'BIG SIX" SIGNS UF
A NEW AGREEMENT
Existing Wages on Newspapers Are
Continuing, But Saturday
Is Straight Time
(By the Federated Press)
New Tork—Typographical Union
No. 6, known as "Big Six," has ratified an agreement with the Newspaper Publishers Association here
by which existing wages and hours
are continued without change. Thc
agreement, however, specifies that
the printers shall work on Saturdays for straight timo for eight
hours, instead of receiving time and
a half for the flrst threo hours, as
has been the custom. This provision applies to the printers employed on the Sunday morning
newspapers, who under the old system came to work at 3 o'clock ln
the afternoon and were paid an
extra rate from then to 6 o'clock,
after which they worked eight
more hours usually, at the regular
rate. Under the new rule the night
shift will go to work at 4 o'clock
and work for eight hours at the rogular rate, receiving time and a
half for work In excess of the eight
hours.
The present wage scale,.which is
continued, for newspaper printers
is $65 a week for the day shift of
45 hours, $58 a week for the night
shift of 45 hours,, and $61 a week
for the midnight shift of 42 hours.
The new agreement which runs until June 30, 1922, will effect about
2300 printer*.
The Sky the Limit
THERE is no limit to the number of new subscriptions
that can now be handled by the Federationist. The
more the merrier. Thousands of slaves in B. C. have not
yet realized their position in human society. They need
the education which the Federationist endeavors to circulate. The offloe staff, however, cannot do it all, the
workers not being confined within the limited space
which the headquarters of the paper covers.
The work of seeing that tho Workers get the right kind
of literature rests in the hattds of the workers who
already see the position that thi present system haa placed
them in. Socialist propagandist! do not talk to Socialists.
Their message is for the man who has yet to realize that
capitalism enslaves the working olaas. The message that
the Federationit carries Is for.fhe workers who are still
in the dark as to why they are faced with unemployment
and all the evils of the present system of society. The
work of seeing that it is delivered into their hands must
be done by the intelligent members of the working olass.
If they do not attend to this Work their understanding
of the position is not being used as it- should be. Use your
intelligence in spreading the wotfring claas philosophy by
inducing your fellow worker to| subscribe, to the Federationist.
Speaker Wants Workers
to Aid Demise of
Capitalism
The meeting of workers held last
Sunday afternoon ln the Pender
hall was fairly well attended, the
hot weather no doubt affecting the
attendance, but those who were
present were Interested and had the
pleasure of listening to two Instructive addresses delivered by T, A.
Barnard and T. Blssett.
Comrade Wltham of South Vancouver, was elected to the chair,
and after two verses of the Red
Flag had been sung, T. A. Barnard
was called upon to address the
meeting. He stated that ln looking
over the past, he thought the workers of Vancouver ought to change
their tactics ln order to prepare
themselveB for the coming change.
The workers, in contradistinction
to waiting, for the death of the present system, should aid the dying
process. He referred to the message of a Russian comrade to the
workers, which was, "Come on in,
the water is flne," and urged more,
working class activity.
T. Blssett was the next speaker,
and he pointed out that the study
ofjjoalal science meant nothing to
the workers, if It did not point a
way out of their difficulties. He
briefly reviewed recent events, and
pointed out the trend of affairs,
which pointed, ln his opinion, to a
proletarian dictatorship.
Tho apathy of the men In work
to the conditions of the unemployed was brought to the attention of
the mooting by one speaker, and
this caused voi.Mderable debate,
but no definite conclusions were arrived at except as to the causo of
unemployment. The next meeting
will be held on Sunday afternoon,
July 31.
Berlin—In Germany moves are
being made to abolish the regulation eight-hour day and reduce
wages. The first union to have its
working hours increased is that of
the fire brigade. Up to the present
the working arrangement has been
shifts of 24 hours, with pauses of
24 hours In between. The new proposal Is to raise the working shift
to 48 hours with 24 hours off after
each shift. Already the present
working week of firemen is 84 hours
bu the authorities argue that most
of this time ts spent ln being ready
for emergencies. The union Is raising loud protests against the increase In working hours, which will
mean on an average a 16-hour-
day.
Moscow—Thn commissariat of
education of the Tartar republic,
has opened an agricultural college
at Kazan to train native Instructors In scientific agriculture. The
fuel storing campaign for the coming winter has been conducted successfully throughout Russia, Ukraine and the other Soviet republics.
Refusal of Park tto Workers on May Day Again
Discussed
The feature of the Council of
Workers' meeting on Tuesday night
was the desire to deal with all active' opponents of the working class,
and; especially those who have been
tl|e leaders amongst the employers
lb breaking Labor organizations.
The refusal of the management of
the Exhibition grounds to allow tho
workers to hold their May Day
celebration in Hastings Park, was
again brought up, and Parks Board
Commissioner Shelly, who was an
active member of the Master Bakers Association, was referred to, in
to nay the least, uncomplimentary
terms.
i Several delegates pointed out
that if the exhibition grounds were
dosed to the workers on May Day,
they should be closed to them at all
times, and especially during the exhibition. It was also pointed out
that workers were patronizing the
dance pavilion at Hastings Park in
spite of the action taken by the exhibition directors ln the May Day
affair.
The tailors' delegates reported
that the employers have notified
the Tailors Union that wages will
be reduced In the near future, the
reductions being from a imnimum
of $36 per week for men to |27,
and from a minimum of $25 to $18
per week for women.
During the discussion on the
question of bread made under nonunion conditions, it was pointed
out that the bakers were unorganized,- and the flrst requisite before
any active enmpaign oould be carried on must be, to organize the
bakers. It was also pointed out
that If the bakers themselves were
not interested enough to orgunizo
or to express a desire to be organized, that little could be done.
Moscow—The menace" of famine
In several of the drought-stricken
provinces has aroused the' Russian
workers In numerous industries to
active support of the government's
efforts in bringing quick relief. The
Moscow Trades Council has organized a special commission to enlist
aid of various industries which can
manufacture commodities for free
distribution to the sufferers. The
largfe and influential Chemical Workers Union has Issued a manifesto
to all Us members throughout the
oountry urging prompt aid. Similar steps have been- taken by the
other unions and civic bodies.
Sacramento, Cal.—The board of
education of this city has issued Instructions to teachers ln tho public
school-.. Among the warnings Is
this; "Forget the radical ideas you
learned at college; conflno your
teaching to the old-fashioned American ideals." Just what "old-
fashioned American Ideals" the
board referred to lt forcbore to
mention.
Another Mooney-Billings Case
NICOLA SACCO
BARTOLOMEO VANSSETTI
TO GET AID OF
How Mine Owners of W.
Virginia Quelled Another "Outbreak"
Senate Committee Hears
4     Miners' Side of
Trouble
(By LAURENCE TODD, Federa
ted Press Staff Correspondent)
(Washington Bureau)
Washington.—How the superintendent of the Burnwell Coal Com-
pany mine at Sprigg, W. Va.,
planned and carried out a sham
battle, ln which he pretended that
striking coal miners were firing
upon tho mine, In order to bring
back federal soldiers to the neigh
borhood, was recited under oat_t
before the Senate commltee Investigating the Mii.go county co&l
strike,
R. H. Kirkpatiiik, mine fere-
man for the Burnwell Company at
the time of the faked "battle," was
the witness. He told how he was
employed last December to put lho
mine ln condition to run, after it
had been closed for months by th
fttvike; how the 11 foreigners who
Kad been Induced to come to work
had become uneasy and rebellious
until the superintendent decided
that "protection*1 was needed at
once.
Stunt to Get Soldiers
"The superintendent called me In
and told me we would have to pull
off a stunt," said Kirkpatrick,
"and he said we must do lt ln
order to get the soldiers back
again for protection. He asked
me lf I was in on lt and I said
yei. i W
"He had one man go up on the
mountainside with a rifle and that
man was tn shoot down toward me
by the mine. I was to shoot back
and make a noise. Then the superintendent and another fellow were
to take their guns and make a
flank move up the side of the
mountain. We were not to hit
each other."
Senator Kenyon, Shortrldge and
Sterling listened with amused Interest to tho story of the carrying
out of the scheme. Scores of shots
were flred, while the Imported
workerB hid, frightened, behind
walls and inside the mine.
The federal soldiers heard of the
shooting within half an hour and
rushed to the scene.    The army
(Continued on page t)
1
South Vancouver Unemployed Still After Two-
Gang System
The question of placing all employees of South Vancouver on the
two-gang system was discussed at
great length at the meeting of the
South Vancouver unemployed held
In St. David's Hall last Monday
evening.
As a result thereof the secretary
has been instructed to ascertain
the trade of every member of the
unemployed registering for work,
In order that where skilled labor
Ib necessary, no difficulty may be
experienced in fUnding men for the
Work.
No action was taken re the reported proposed cut In wages, It
boing stated that, as yet, no official
notice of same had been received.
The meeting adopted the constitution of the Council of Workers
of Vancouver and District. After a
lengthy discussion it was decided
to demand relief In addition to the
work provided. Despite tho week
about promised lt was reported
that only 135 out of over 600 listed
were being employed.
Italian workers found guilty of murder In tlio flret degree following
a lengthy trial at Dodliam, Mat**. | Labor Is convinced that these
men aro the vlctima of a frame-up similar to the Mooney and Hillings ease, as tlie dofenso established their presence far from tlio
scene of tlie murder at tlie time of the crime. I'uiuIk arc now being
raised to appeal to a higher court.
MAYOR OF OKLAHOMA
AFTER KU KLUX KLAN
Orders Chief of Police to Disband
Mobs Formed By the Invisible Empire
Oklahoma City—Mayor J. C.
Walton hus taken cognizance of the
existence of the Klu Klux Klan
here and has ordered Carl GUtsch,
chief of police, to disband mobs
formed by command of "the Invisible empire," and to arrest and imprison tho Klan's ringleaders, a
complete list of whom, he avers, he
has rocontly obtained and Is ready
to furnish the chief.
The mayor has discovered that
the Klansmen here have been using public buildings for their secret
midnight meetings and that city
employees are members of the organization. Their removal iu demanded.
"There is no place In a democracy such as ours," Mayor Walton
asserts, "for an 'emperor' or an
'empire.' Tho police chief Is reminded thnt penalties for offenses
of which the Klan has been declared guilty range from imprisonment
to death."
One Labor leader here already
has been given "friendly warning."
Mayor Walton has been regarded,
generally, as spokesman for the
trades unions here, being Indebted
to them largely for his election.
The mayor's declaration of war
comes coincide totally with the attempt to Investigate the Texas Klan
through the passage of a Joint re-
—Uitlon In thc slate legislature.
F.LP.
R. H. Neelanda M.P.P.,
and J. McMillan WiU
Be Speakers
A very appreciative audience listened to Dr. Curry at the F. L. P.
on Sunday night. He pointed out
the absolute necessity for the work-
era having a correct knowledge of
their claas position In soolety.
The present economic system Is
breaking down, and our masters are
fully alive to the danger of having
to deal with an Intelligent and
class-conscious working olass, and
they are therefore doing all ln their
power to prevent tho workers getting an understanding of the situation wilh which they are faced today.
The great question facing the
workers today la to get control of
the political power of the stale.
But this cannot be dono by co-operation between masters and slaves;
tho slaves being usually represented
by a safe and sane Labor leader
chceen by the bosses.
The speakers for next Sunday
will be R. H. Neelands, M. L. A.,
and Jack McMillan.
Members and friends of the party
are asked to keep In mind that tho
picnic will be held at Second Beach
on Sunday, July SI, at 1 p.m.
Bring your baskets. Sports will
be held for the children. Como
and have a good time.
Advice of Officers in Tusla
Was "Get a Gun and
Get a Nigger"
(By Harry Salpeter)
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Tulsa, Okla.—Participation of
Tulsa police officers in the wanton
burning of "Little Africa" during
the race riots of May 81-June 1 has
been firmly established, following
testimony of both negroes and
whites In the ouster proceedings
against John A. Oustafson, suspended police chief.
The following facts have been asserted ln court, on oath:
That early Juno 1 policemen kept
crowds on the edge of the black
belt, while others proceeded from
house to house, smoke and flame,,
belching forth soon after they left
each home, In a number of cases
oil was used.
That the Invariable response of
police lu civilians who volunteered
for riot duty was ::Get a gun and
get a nigger,"
That William McCulIough, Tulsa
county sheriff, slept through the
night of tho riot and was ignorant
of what wbb happening until informed, by a newspaper reporter.
That firing or the black belt con.
tlnucu after the militia had arri.'cj
and was reported W'j huve had the
situation "well ln hand." lt has
been estimated that 800 negroes'
homes havo been destroyed.
Lr.urel Buck, bricklayer, testified
that he Baw policemen breaking
windows ln the homes of the Mack
belt, enter, return Into the street
soon after, following which smoke
and flame issued forth. Judge John
Oliplmnt, retired attorney, male,
substantially, the same charge. All
of the four men he saw engaged in
firing houses wore badges, he said.
One of thom he knew to be a policeman.
Buck swore he was threatened
with death by a policeman If he
Bhould attempt to save the threatened houses.
E..V. Bostlck, negro deputy sheriff, swore that a man in the uniform of a traffic policeman, accompanied by another officer and three
dressed In khaki, took himself, wife
and three children out of their
house, poured oil on it und then set
firo to It.
Moscow—The congross of the
Young Communist International ls
proceeding In the spirit of the
greater International Congress, Tho
Young Communists exhaustively debate every Important point in the
party programme and tactics. Today's session discussed thc correlations between the young and Henior
Communist parties and Internationals. The International Red
Trado Union CongresH has closed
after a most fruitful conference,
unparalleled in the history of the
world's Labor movement. Debates
on important questions have culminated In a solidarity und accord expressed in unalnmous resolutions.
Winnipeg, Man.—Thc fourth convention of the One Big Union will
be held here during the latter part
of September.
C.N.U.X. WITHDRAW
Objects to the Stirring
Up of Racial
Strife
Recognizes the Workers'
Task Is an International One
The Canadian National Union of
ex-Service men, at the regular
meeting held on Wednesday night,
decldtd to cease the affiliation with
the United Soldiers Council. This
aetion was taken after a discussion
of the position adopted by tho council on the Astatic question, and the
following letter was ordered forwarded to the United Soldlera
Council:
Secretary,
United Soldiers Council,
City.
Dear Sir: at the last regular
meeting of the above organization,
lt was decided td cease our affiliation with the United Soldlera
Council.
This decision was arrived at after
the actions of the council with re*
spect to Asiatics were considered.
The C. N. U. X. is an organization of ex-service men, Irrespective
of their nationality, creed, race ot
color. Its objects are purely In
line with the alms of the working
class of all countries, and as many
Asiatic races were engaged with,
Canadians ln the late war, we can
hardly be consistent and remain afflliated with any orgainzation whom
members openly advocate direct action against men of Oriental extraction, who may have fought In the
past, alongside of members of out
organization, and who as our constitution provides, could become
members of the trganlzatlon.
While recognizing the evils ot
unemployment, and the fact that
many ex-service men are out of
work, and as a result are compelled to suffer want and hardship,
yet we realize that the exclusion of
a few Asiatics from this province
will not remove the competition of
the Oriental ln the world's market,
which after all, Is the deciding factor In who shall dominate In the
commercial world.
Finally, recognizing that nationality, color or creed are not in any
way the cause of unemployment,
but that the competitive system,
based on wage slavery and the proflt system, is the one and only cause
(Continued on page 4)
0. B. U. Releases Members
on Relief Work from
Payment of Dues
A well-attended meeting of tha
General Workers Unit of the O. B,
U. was held in the Pender hall on
Wednesday night. A large number of applications for membership
were received, among which were
ten applications from Asiatics, who
by their action, Indicated their de-
Bire to Join with the worker:, of this
country in the Labor movement.'
A communication was received
from tho cump delegate at Ocean
Fails, enclosing dues. This group
of workera recently broke away
from the Lumber Workers, und affiliated direct with thc O. B. U.
The secretary was instructed to
reply to a communication from tlm
Amalgamated Carpenters, which
queried as to whether the unit instructed its members to refuse to
show their cards when asked to do
so by tho carpenters' agent; needless tn sny, the reply will be In thfl
negative.
A wire from J. Mclnnis of Frinc«
George asking the namo of the individual charging him with attempting to cut the wages of carpenters
In that district, was received and
the secretary was Instructed to supply the Information desired.
The position of members on relief work was discussed, and a motion to exempt all members from
the payment of dues whilo on relief
work, and to admit to membership
all workers on similar work without payment of entrance fee, waa
carried, It being considered rcllel
work was not employment.
a meeting of members interested
in the dafices held weekly by th€
Trades Council will be held on Friday night in order to re-arrang«
the committees which have chargs
of tlio dances, all members of th«
O. B. U. are invited to attend thU
meeting.
i i-iit in*-*, mint n_i|.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
804 PENDER STREET WEST
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination League.
MONDAY—Piledrivers.
TUESDAY—Workers' Couneil.       ^
THURSDAY—Plasterers' Helpers.
SATURDAY—Danee, 9 to 12. x'ase two
THIRTEENTH TEAR.    NO. 29
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   Vancouver, b. g
...J[ily it, 1. It.
THE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by —t B. 0.
FederationiBt, Limited
a. a WELLS..
...Manager
Office:   Room 1,  Victoria Block,  3.2 Pender
Street West
telephone J-eyinour 5871
Bubwribtion Bates: United States and Foreign,
$3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per year, $1.50
for alx months; to Unions subscribing in a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of Labor: Tbe Hope of the World
..July it, 1921
THB competitive struggle under capitalism for commercial supremacy,
flrst between individual manufacturers
and later between nations, has resulted
in the perfecting of the means of wealth
production. The eso-
EFFICIENCY nomic necessity of pro-
AND ducing   cheaper,   or   in
MISERY other    words     cutting
down the time in the
production of commodities, has been the
vital factor in producing more and more
efflcient methods of production. No new
machinery or methods of production have
ever been introduced and retained for any
length of time unless they would displace
human labor. In fact, the only reason for
their introduction was that they were
cheaper than human labor. That this development in the rpeans of wealth production was necessary no one would deny.
But that development of the machinery of
production, instead of being a blessing to
humanity has become a curse to the human race, and will continue to be a curse
until those who operate it own it and
operate it for the benefit of humanity instead of the profit of a parasite class in
society.
» * *
The Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering Magazine, in a recent issue gives
some illuminating figures on labor saving
by the use of machinery. Commenting on
industrial waste, this journal says, in
part:
"A series of elaborate time-motion
studies on the work of electrio storage
battery trucks vs. wheelbarrows recontly made by the Yale & Towne
Manufacturing Co. at its Stamford,
Conn., plant, is a case in point. *
"Accurate records were first made on
the cost of handling 60%tons of molding sand from a freight car on the
railroad siding to the molding room in
the foundry, 200 feet away. Forty
feet of this distance was a 12 per
cent.* grade up a concrete ramp, with
a sharp right-angle turn into the shop
at the top. It took 18 men with
wheelbarrows and shovels six days,
working nine hours per day, to transfer the 600 tons of sand. The total
cost was $545.72.
"A few weeks later another 600
tons of the same sand, delivered by
car to the same point, was transferred to the molding room by means
of a Yale electrio truck equipped'W-t-i
a standard detachable end-dump body
of 27 cubic feet capacity. With one
man driving the truck (one member
of the former wheelbarrow gang)
and an extra man with a shovel to
. help load the truck, this 600 tons of
sand was transferred in four days,
nine hours work per day, at a total
cost, including interest on capital invested and charges for electric current used by the truck, of $183.60.
Thus on this one job, $362.12 was
saved. Needless to say, the mechanical way is standard practice at the
plant."
* ¥ »
Efficiency in capitalistic production
Means greater misery for the workers^ In
the case quoted above it will be noticed
that seventeen men were displaced. Bnt
it may be contended that men were needed
to ■ make the machine. True, but
these have already been accounted
for in the interest on the capital
invested in the machine. In the
production of the machines themselves the
same efficiency and displacement of human labor is also taking place, and instead of the increased efficiency in the
means of production and the consequent
greater productivity of labor being to the
benefit of the workers, it means added
misery and unemployment. The working
class, which includes all those engaged in
useful production, can produce more than
can be disposed of in the world's markets, but their wants are not filled. The
more they produce the more they want.
The solution must surely become evident
to the slaves of modern society as their
misery increases, and it lies in the operation of the machinery of production for
the purpose of producing the things that
they need. This, however, they cannot do
while the means of wealth production are
the property of a ruling and exploiting
class in society. In order to take advantage of the machine, and the greater productive powers which it gives to the
workers, they must of necessity bring
about a change in the system under which
it ie operated. That accomplished, they
will have no difficulty in filling their wants
Instead of thc coffers of a class in society
that is neither useful or necessary, and
oannot even be said to-have any ornamental advantages.
LIKE every other activity of the ruling
olass, the open shop offensive, or, in
other words, the non-union shop drive t>f
the employers, is described by them as a
patriotic effort.   It should, however, be
described as a "paytri-
PATRIOTISM otic" effort and in line
AND THE with thc war-time meth-
OHBN BHOP    ods  of  getting  all  the
traffic would bear. Labor
organizations have aided the workers to
take advantago of favorable market, conditions and also acted as a resisting
agenoy to the employers' efforts to take
undue advantage of conditions in thc
labor market favorable to them.   Today
in every oountry of the world the workers are facing wage cuts. Without labor
organizations those wage cuts would be
even more drastic. The employers
would, if there were no resistance, cut to
the bone and without mercy. Discussing
the open shop drive,.thc New York World
recently made some comments which are
much to the point and amongst which
were the following passages:
"When William H. Barr, president of the National Pounders' Association, describes the progress of the
open shop campaign as "a stimulant
to the patriotism of every one," he is
dealing in snivelling hypocrisy at a
time when honesty and frankness'in
all economic matters were never more
necessary.
"The champions of tlie open shop
are not actuated by any patriotic impulse whatever. They believe that
the open shop is more profitable to
themselves than the closed shop and
that to destroy the unions would put
money in thcir pockets. That is all
there is to the controversy. The open
shop advocates wear a mask of patriotism because they are afraid to
meet the economic issue.,
"A nation-wide campaign has been
inaugurated against organized labor.
The plans were all laid during the
presidential contest, and the Harding
majority was interpreted as evidence
that public opinion has swung wholly
to the side of reaction. Associations
of manufacturers and their professional walking delegates have been
boasting that the Harding administration would be an open shop administration and, curiously-' enough,
union labor helped to furnish the
votes that provided the Harding majority.
* # »
Very evidently the New York World is
not of the same political faith as President Harding, bi_t the fact remains that
the combination of employers is neither a
Democratic or Republican organization,
but a class union for the purpose of dealing with the working class, as a class, and
not in sections. This the workers have
not yet realized, and they organize on
sectional and craft lines and not on a
class basis. Until they do that the employing class will use every effort to reduce labor to the lowest standard of living, and, aided by the economic conditions which are in their favor, degrade
the workers to the lowest possible standard. Resistance to capitalistic encroachments are most necessary in the working
class movement, as it breeds a class psychology and at the same time disciplines
the workers, and trains them to act together. Without organization the workers would become a mob, as described by
Marx, without hope of salvation; therefore vthe sooner the workers realize tbat
they are dealing with an employing class,
and not with individuals, the quicker they
will adapt their organizations to deal with
class issues, and finally, the only issue
that counts, and that is the abolition of
classes by the working class becoming the
dominant class in society, and, by abolishing the class ownership of the means
of production, wipe out the cause of class
divisions in society.
MB. J. W. ROBERTSON, speaking on
the work of the Junior Red Cross
in Canada, stated that "the war had revealed that the physical condition of the
men of the British race was in a shocking
condition. England had
OAPITALISM .succeeded in producing
AND cheap goods and cheapen-
PHY8IQUE ing human life." Dr.
Robertson's object in
speaking, was to enlist the services of
teachers in the work of correcting the imperfections of the physical makeup of the
citizens of this country, and his remarks
were made to the teachers of the university summer school. Like all other uplifters, Dr. Robertson would commence at
the wrong end. Having discovered that
the physique of the people is of such a
nature as to make them unfit to fight their
masters' battles, he would attempt to
make them fit for cannon fodder by mending them up as he would repair any implement of warfare.
* * *
Those who know England—not the
England of the leafy lanes which surround the estates of the members of the
ruling class, but the England where the
industrial slaves work and exist—will not
wonder at the deterioration of the race.
They will only wonder at thc stupidity of
the workers who still continue to worship
their chains and the ties that bind them
to the machinery of modern capitalistic
production, which not only brings about
their physical but their metital deterioration. Of the men who made up the Canadian contingents for overseas, thousands,
in fact the greater percentage, were men
from the British Isles, men who had lived
in that industrial environment. Due only
to the fact that so many of them were
of exceptional physique, as measured by
Oid Country standards, and that the most
virile had emigrated to the colonics, was
the percentage of Canadian volunteers
who were fit for military service higher
than it was in the British Isles.
* * «
Is thc ultimate object of producing
physically fit men to provide an n-my of
human beings capable of taking part in
human butchery, or is it to produce men
and women who are not only physically,
but mentally fit to carry the human race
to greater heights of civilization? If for
thc former, then the objective is not worth
while. Canada is populated with the de-
scendents-of poople from all corners of
the earth. Immigrants have been sought
from every European country. They
have come from the great industrial centres as well as agricultural districts.
Many have followed tho agricultural industry. Others have gravitated to the industrial centres. There the conditions
have still further tended to the deterioration of tho race. While it is true that thc
industrial conditions that prevailed in the
older countries of thc world, during the
eighteenth    and    nineteenth    centuries.
when young children were ground into
profits for a rising bourgeois class, 8b not
exist here, yet the fact remains that 'at
no time do the industrial occupations
give to the workers those things which
are necessary to produce physically at
people. Hunger is everywhere stalking
through the industrial centres, combined
with other conditions which must befall
in industrial occupations, and whicWpi'e-
cludo the procreation of physical]* and
mentally perfect human beings. It is a
well known faet that in three generations
the families gained by industrial centres
from the agricultural districts are wiped
out, and only by drawing on the agrieul
tural population are the city populations,
maintained.
As capitalism develops, the standard of
living must deteriorate. While during
the early days of capitalism the workers
increased thcir material comforts, the day
of improvement is past. With an overstocked labor market the position has now
been reached where the workers cannot
even realize the value of their labor
power, which is the cost of reproduction,
and as a result thc physical condition of
the people must and will become more Mid
more imperfect from lack of nourishment
and thc worry that insecurity of employment entails. Capitalism cannot feed Its
slaves. It has reached that stage where
the workers are faced with an ever-falling
standard of living. The only way in which
any living animal, inoluding human beings, can attain a good physical condition
is by proper feeding and facilities for
taking care of the body. The slaves of
capitalism are unable to either feed
themselves or give proper oare to their
bodies, and their masters, either through
the agency of the Bed CrosB, or clinics,
or any other agency,, cannot provide the
necessary conditions. The most that oan
be done by all of the humanitarian and
hypocritical efforts of the ruling class, is
to attempt to patch up the miserable
bodies that have bcen crushed and distorted by modern industry. Only when
the_ workers themselves think as much of
their bodies as their masters do of their
pet poodles, and livestock such as racehorses and cattle, will the physical condition of the people improve, and that will
not be done by patching up diseased
bodies, but by the elimination of the capitalistic system of production, which produces physical and mental degenerates at
both ends bf the social scale, and we are
not just sure which end is the most corrupt, but judging from press reports of
the lives of the beneficiaries of the present
system, the members of the ruling class
are neither healthy in body or mind, even,
though they have the opportunities .which,
the workers lack. „
ENDORSE NEW   WILLI ICO
The Prince of Wales is reported in the
press a&stating "Cheerfulness is a duty."
His Royal Highness may possibly be able,
to inform the many hungryTlaves in the
British Empire how to be oheerful with
an aching void in the region of the Waist
line.
.' The Empire Weekly, a /journal pub
lished in this city, whioh is strong on Empire and Imperialism, but does not understand what those terms mean, in a recent
issue publishes a tirade against all those
who do not see in Imperialism all that a
person with little knowledge and an insufferable egotism would have them see.
Under the heading British Notes it also
publishes the following items:
There are at present 2,180,000 persons unemployed.
Bristol Guardians are to spend
£1,500 in providing quarters for
couples who wish to live together in
the workhouse.
A suit of armour made by Jaoob,
the armourer, for Henry Herbert,
second Earl of Pembroke, was sold at
Sothey's for £25,Q$K) to Messrs. Du-
veen.
While the "weakly" empire supporter
may not know it, that is just what Empire and Imperialism mean. They mean
poverty and1 misery at one end of the
social scale and wealth at the other,
wrung from the hides of the members of
the working class, to be spent in useless
ways, and for the pleasure of the beneficiaries of imperialism and empire whioh
arg the inevitable outcome of a
of^liuman slavery,
Workers who have followed events in
this province for any length of time will
remember when praetioally every labor
organization jyas strong on Asiatic exclu-
sioa Little attention, however, was paid
to the resolutions that were from time to
time passed calling for a white B. C. Fruit
growers and other agriculturists could not
see the situation from the same angle as
the industrial workers. The situation to?
day is reversed. Agriculturists of every
description are now in favor of Asiati
exclusion. City merchants are also liable
to join in the cry for a white B. C., Not'
because there are more Asiatics in indus*
try, however, but because Orientals have
proven that they are better farmers,1 and,
have invaded the retail store business.
Thus do we once again find that economic
interests are the base of all human activities and view points. The Asiatic worker,
is not at this time enthused over the, revival of the anti-Asiatic cry. He realizes
that no matter whether the Asiatic resides
in B. C. or China, he is a competitor, and
that commodities are produced for a
world market and that as long as the
wage system lasts those that produce
them, whether Oriental or Occidental, are
slaves. If cheap commodities are the desire of tho people, as so often stated in
thc press, why exclude the Asiatic, who
can produce them cheaper than .the
whites? Wo leave our readers to figure
this out for themselves. If lowering the
cost of production is necessary to prosperity, then why not import more cheap
labor? This question wc leave to that
section of the community which, while
desiriug-chcap labor, would exclude the
Asiatics because they are entering into
competition with them and heating them
to it.
International Communist
Congress Supports
Actions
New York—The following cables
from the Russian Telegraph agency
have been recoived at the olllce of
Soviet Russia:
Moscow, July 16.—The newspaper Izvestla points out that the International Communist congress unanimously commended the new economic policy inaugurated by the
Russian Communist Party. "This
should terminate all hypocritical
insinuation* by interested parties
regarding the so-called Communist
surrender," says the Izvestla. "The
highest court of the international
proletariat has unequlvocably pronounced thb now policy wise and
Judicious and fully consistent with
the proletarian Interest* ln Russia
aad throughout the world.'
A government decree haB established increasod railway passenger
and freight rate* throughout Russia. Workera and employeea trav
elllng on state business or on fur-
lough-are carried free aa hitherto.
The all-Russian Trad* Union
Council, promptly responding to the
government'* appeal for help for
the famine-stricken Volga provinces, has resolved to mobilize the
trad* unton organizers for relief
work. Th* council ha* also instructed th* local union* to grant
large quantities of manufactured
gooda for th* commodity wage
fund* to relieve th* famln* Buffer-
ers. j
A government, decree has established a collective salary system in
money and kind for th* *mployees
of the central Soviet establishments
in Moscow and Petrograd commencing in August. The jffiicipa! feature of this system Is that of collective reward to-the employees according to efficiency, thus directly
Interesting individual employees In
making th* administrative machinery more effective. Every establishment which curtail* the number of It* employees without diminishing Its efficiency will receive
the previoui total salaries increased six times.
Th* all-Russian Workers Co-operative conference opened July 12,
Chairman Paderin outlined the
programme covering every detail of
tha organization of oommodity exchange <to create standard* for the
entire republic.
Recent reports show a steady
abatement of cholera, thanks to
tho herolo work of th* anti-epidemic unit* and tha intelligent Interest shown by th* population. In
the southern provinces whero the
epidemic waa originally manifested,
cholera ha* reached th* vanishing
point. Particular attention in com
batting the epidemic 1* being given
to the famine-stricken Volga provinces. -■
A German trad* delegatloii has
arrived at Odessa to arrange for
transaction* for commodity exchange.
The Petrograd provincial Soviet
has published statistic* showing
that th* population of retrograd
at the last census was 780,000. The
statistica show a notable increase ln
the number of marriages In Petrograd, which ls explainable by the
economic equality jshloh women
have achieved.
SOUTH VANCOUVER CO-OPERATIVE! DECLARES DIVIDEND
At a well-attended meeting of
the membership of th* South Vancouver Co-operativ* Society, Ji«ld
on Tuesday, July > 1, th* organization declared its flrst dividend.
It would appear from th* flnanclal report that tha sool«ty now ha*
clear salting before lt, for ln spit*
of th* general slump, every dollar
ot thare oapital ba* doubled itself.
Hitherto operation* hav* been
carried on by a provisional board
of director*, the regular board a*
elected at thl* meeting consist* ot
Mesars. Smith, Nlghtscal**, Strickland, Mrs. Wearing, Mr*. Walker,
Mr. Delaney and Mr. Saunders, of
whom half will retir* at th* «-
piration of alx month*, and th* remainder at th* end of th* year,
Provision la mad* In th* constitution permitting th* recall of any
director by th* vot* of th* membership.
The society haa successfully faced many obstacles during It* flrat
quarter, and it* officer* and staff
are to be congratulated on the excellent flnanclal position lt now occupies.
sioil
5
Committee   Formed   to
Save Italian Workers
from Electric Chair
By John Nicholas Beftel
(Fed.   Presa   Staff  Correspond ent)
Boston, Mass.—One hundred volunteers from many walks of Ufe
have come forward here to aid in
the big flght noW under way to save
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Van
zetti, convicted of murder at Ded-
ham, from the electric chair. Telegrams pledging- support have been
reoelved from labor organizations
In 20 cities.
With a flght ahead of the atu
pendous proportions of the Mooney
and Billings case the defense forces
are confronted by an empty treasury. Two thousand dollars are
needed immediately to pay for the
typing of hundreds of pages of
transcript which the defens* was
unable to obtain during the last
half of the trial because of lack of
funds. This transcript is essential
to the compilation of the volunm-
inous bill/ of exceptions which the
defense counsel must file by November 1.
Fred H. Moore, chief counsel for
the defense, declares that the verdict waa utterly unsupported either
by the law or the evidence. Asked
how he acccounted for the verdict,
he answered:
"How could you expect anything
else? From the very first day the
most vicious atmosphere prevailed
inside and outside tlje courtroom.
The jury was surrounded by a
squad bf offlcen, the defendants
were brought to the courtroom
manacled and also surrounded by
a hoavy guard. Every person entering the courtroom was searched
at the door.
"An onlooker unfamiliar with
any of the facte in controversy
would have gathered that the court
believed the defendants to be extremely dangerous persons. Also
the onlooker would have believed,
in view of the precautions taken,
that there was constant danger of
a violent outbreak in the courtroom.
"The defendants were deprived
of almost evory essential of a fair
trial. Testimony introduced by the
defense to show that Sacco and
Vanzettl were not the men who
murdered Parmester and Berardellt
vastly outweighed the testimony
produced by the government that
they were the slayers. Thli Ae-
tense testimony was simply rejeoted
by the jury, and it also cast aside
the testimony of many substantial
witnesses who testified that Sacco
was ln Boston and Zanzettl ln Plymouth on April 15,
"If the district attorney ls convinced that tht jury's verdict wai
warranted by the evidence, then lt
Is Incumbent upon him to begin
perjury proceedings Immediately
against all those witnesses who
swore they met Sacco in Boston
and Vanzettl ln Plymouth on the
day "of the crime.
"That verdict waa a travesty on
justice. It has two phases of large
portent: First, if affirmed by the
supreme court It means that Sacco
and Vanzett^nust go to the electric
chair; Becond, It will destroy the
confidence of thousands of people
in tht integrity of our judicial Institutions,
'We who are working on behalf
of these men will give our undivided time and energy to th* reversing of thla verdict so that the
Uvea of two Innocent men may be
saved. To this we are irrevocably
pledged."
OOAL AMD PETROLEUM
AOT
TAKE NOTICE tbat L William Walla*
Patton, Broker, of the City of Vancouver,
H. C, intend to apply to tha Comrafi-
nloner of Lands for a license to prospect
for coal, petroleum and natural gas, over
tho following described property: Com-
mwnciiiK at a post planted In tba tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately waa
mile west of tbe hou tit wost eorner of Lot
17, Sea Island, Richmond Municipality;
thonce wcHt 80 chains, thence north 80
Chains, -thence eaat 80 chains, thence
south 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acrsi more or loss.
Located eighth day of June,  1931.
(Signed) .„„«„
WILLIAM WALLACE PATTON.
TAKE NOTICE that' I, William Wallace
Patton, Broker, of the City of Vancouvor,
B. C, Intond. to apply to the Commissioner of Lands for a license to prospect,
for cool, petroleum and natural K«». over
the following described property: Commencing at a post-planted in the tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately ona
mile west of the southwest corner of Lot
17, Sea Island, Richmond Municipality;
thence west 80 chains, thenoe south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 010 aores, moro or less.
Located eighth day of June, 1021.
*WILLIAM WALLACE PATTON.
TAKE NOTICE that L William Wallaoa
Patton, Broker, of the City ol Vancouver,
B. C, Intend to apply to th* Commissioner of Lands for a license to prospect
for coal, petroleum and natural gas, over
the following described property: Commencing at % post planted In the tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately one
inJH West of the southwest corner of Lbi
20, Sea Island, Richmond Municipality;
thence vest 80 chains, thane* south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thono*
north 80 chains, to point of comment!-
ment, oontaining 640, acrea, more or lew.
Located eighth day of June, 1021.
(   "WILLIAM WALLACE PATTON.
TAKE NOTICE that I, William Wallace
Patton, Broker, of tbe City of Vancouver,
B. C, Intend to apply to th* Commissioner of Landa for a license to prospect
for coal, petroleum and natural gas, over
the following described property! Commencing at A post planted In th* tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately one
mile west of tha southwest corner of Lot
16, Lulu Island, Richmond Municipality;
thence west 80 chains, thence north 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thence
south 80 chains, t» point of commencement, containing 840 acrea, more or lest.
Located eighth day of June, 1021.
(8igWILLIAM WALLACE PATTON.
TAKE NOTIOE that I, William Wallace
Patton, Broker, of th* City of Vancouver,
B. C, intend to apply to th* Comn.ll-
sloner of Landa for a license to prospect
for coal, petroleum and natural gas, over
the following described property: Commencing at a post planted in the tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately on*
mile west of the southwest corner of Lot
16, Lulu Island, Richmond Municipality;
thence west 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thonce
north 80 ohalna to point of commencement, containing 640 acres, moro or less.
Located eighth day of June. 1921.
<SUWILLIAM WALLACE PATTON.
TAKE NOTICE that I, William Wallae*
Patton, Broker, of the City of Vancouver,
B. C, intend to apply to th* Commissioner of Lands for a license to prospeot
for coal, petroleum and natural gas, over
tha following described property: Commencing at ft post planted In the tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately on*
mile west of the southwest corner of Lot
28, Lulu Island, Richmond Municipality;
tbenee west 80 chains, thenoe south 80
chains, thence oast 80 chains, tbenc*
nortk SO chains to point of commencement, containing 640 aores, mor* or lese.
Located eighth  day of June,  1911.
*    *WILLIAM WALLAOB PATTON.
Oil Interests Camouflage
Ownership of Barber
Shop Weekly
(By the Federated Press)
. New York—The Leslie-Judge Co.,
publishers of Leslie's Weekly—perhaps better known as the "Barber
.Shop Weekly," and Judge, for ten
years has been under the* flnanclal
'control of the Standard Oil Company, according to the New York
World; which declares that neither
periodical has' ever published that
Information, despite the federal
Htatute requiring the publication of
.the names of known holders of
bonds or other securities.
The World, which declares it has
unearthed a story of; Wall Street
flnanclal operations and hidden corporate control of publicity channels,
asserts that tho "dummy" for the
Standard Oil Company was the City
Heal Estate Company, an "inside
corporation" of the Title Guarantee
& Trust Company, and that the
Standard, to "get from under" tho
threatened losses nnd possibility of
legal trouble Involved in its secret
control, unloaded securities of the
concern at a par Value &f $740,000
upon a publisher for $200,000, and
then the buyer paid only $25,000
In cnah and save his notes, unsecured mid unendorsed, for the rest.
""irnnlzo Fed. advertisers.
SEND IN YOUR ORDKR
Tlie Federatlonltt lias published
"Left Wing" Communism, an Infantile disorder, by Nikolai I«nin
Thla work should be read by every
worker, as lt deals extensively with
working class tactics. Price: Single
copies, 25c; orders of ten or more
copies, 20c each, postage paid.
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
The greateat assistance that the
readers of The Federatlonist can
render ua at thla time, la by securing a new subscriber. By doing no,
yoa spread the news of the working clasa movement and assist na
t
-HOME-
BEST VALUE IN TIIE CITY
EUREKA
- TEA CO.
WT DUNSMUIR STREET
Freeh Routed Ooffee Dully
Tens and Coffee, I the. for ll.OO
■nd up.
CASH OR
CREDIT
Furniture Store
W* fcant you to com* to
tht* ator* with conflaanc*
that rou can bur Furniture, Carpets and Linoleum ftt lower prices and
bett*r terms.
No Greater Opportunity
for    th*    Working   Men
BUY IN THIS STORE
REMEMBER THE
HOME
FURNITURE
STORE
416 Main Street
Phono Sey. 1207
MBXTION THB nsBM-
TIOHIST ud tt* yet 10
pot eaet. dlsco-at.
m
THE0S0PHY
Publlo __*ctur*. SUNDAY EVE-TWO,
July ai, BOOkl 224 DUHOAJC BLBO.,
st S o'clock.
Subject:    "A Study la Ksmu."
SpooUr:   HE. JAMBS TATIOB,
Ring up Phone Sermour MM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Cuny
DENTIST
Suite 301 Dominion Bi
VANCOUVER, B. C.
:
J.H.
Fine Tailoring
CLEANING  and PRESSING
Phone Fair. 4852
234 BROADWAY EAST
;
RBASONABLD PRICES
WOBK GUARANTEED
S.E. Gibson
PAINTER
AND   PAPERIIANGKR
I'll b* on th* Job myulf.
1220—21st Avenue Eaat
Phone Fair. 27TY
From now on we
can sell you goods
at lower prices
Our good  heavy weight blue'
Overalls for  $8.00
Double knee and  seat  Khaki
Overalls  .r M.50
These are very strong.
STANFIELD'S  UNDERWEAR
Red Label, that reached $7.50,
^ow, ault  $4,50
Blue Label that reached 19.00,
now, suit  $5.60
Black Label, that reached $12
Biilt, now  $6.50
Men's Pants that sold Cor $9,
now  .' $8.00
Men's Hats that were $7.00,
now  $5.00
Stetson Hats that some sold for
$16.00, now  $$.00
Men's Shirts at prlcea nearly
down to pre-war prlcesi
Men's Sox In black, 8 pairs
for $LO0
Summer   Underwear   at   Half
Price.
Bathing1 Suits  $1.50
Men's Shoos at prices that will
interest you—$20,000 worth
to select from.
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
Model Cafe
ST OORDOVA ST. W.
ALL WHITE HELP
Best of Food and .Service at
Reasonable Prlcee
Union House
Greateit Stock ol
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Patronize Fed Advent..-*.
OOWAN a BBOOKHOUSE
FBIHTESS, PV>US8I_E>. STBBBO-
TTFEBS AND BOOKBINDBBB
112» HOWE STREET
Union OfflcltU, writ, for prloo*.   Wo
(Ito SATISFACTION.
UNION MAN!
In that dark hour when sympathy and beet service count io
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
2S3 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER
Phone Fairmont M
Prompt Ambulance Senile*
Phone Ser. 221 .   Oar or Nlflil |j
NUNN AND THOMSON
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
531 Homer St. Vanconver, B. C.
HARRON BROS.
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funeral* ot Dignity at Flair
Prloea
Falrvlew: Offlc* and Chapal,
231! Oranvlll* Stroot
Phon* Bay 2200.
Morth Vanoouver: Offlee and
Chapel, 111 Sixth St, W.
Phone N. V. 114.
Mount Pleaaant:   Offloa ud
Chapel, 1111 Maia at,
Phon* Fairmont II.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1110 Ooorito stroot
Bonds? >or.tooo, 11 _a onl 7.IO pal
Sundoj    sohool    Imm.dJoulr    followtafl
nornjai oor.la*.    Wodnulor tootl___*_.l|
•01-QOS   Birks   Bid*. *
How Do Yon Telephone?!
Would yoa ran on a buiy mtn it 1
nil ofllce, i*md ie yoar card, ud than. I
whsn ha had Indicated that ha eonld."
■ee you, koep bim wafting while yoa ,'
finished reading a raagatTn* la hie tl
outer  ofllcei M
It la Jnat aa Important when yoa |
tolephono that you be ready to tali I
when yonr party answers. It ihowa '
con side ration of the other peraoa'l .
time.
BRITISH   OOLUMIBA  TBLBPHOMl |
OOMPANT
BB SUBB TOU DBS
VAN BROS, i
WH__K rov ASS ros
-CIDER-
ud Nonalcoholic wUh ot all
It—is
DNION   MEN'S   ATTENTION KltlDAY July 29, 19_1
Knowledge First v
--Certainty Afterwards
IT PAYS TO GET TOUB
TEETH X-RAYED
Then, if there's any work needed, I can guarantee
' thorough results.  It also pays in other ways.
Often the outside appearance of your teeth tells
nothing of their condition inside. I have saved
many a tooth by discovering an infected root—an
abscess which gave no indication of the danger.
Let me furnish an X-ray diagnosis of your teeth.
Any work, if required, can be talked about afterwards.
Your Mirror
"-wlu UU 70* oil 70a no*4
to know about tbo opp.oronoo
of your tooth. How do thoy
offoot Tour fonta-os! Aro thoy
Jut "tooth"—or • port of
your oharmt . Tour teoth or*
twportont—Soo mo.
Dr.. BRETT
ANDERSON
602 HASTINGS BT. W.
.  Corner Seymour
PHONE SEYMOUR SSfel
.Office Open Tuesday and Friday
- Evening!
T-v R,  BRETT ANDERSON, lormsrly member of tho Faculty ol tko
N   College of Dantistry, University of Southern California,  Ueturer
on Orown and Bridgework, Dsmonstrator ln Platework ud Opera-
tin DtntUtrr, Local and General Anaeitbaala.
Victory Bonds Accented at Par for Dental Work
EVERY READER OAN HELP
Erery reader ol Tbe Federa*
ttoulit can render valuable astlst-
anoe by renewing their subscriptions as soon as they are due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe.   It doea not take mueh
effort to do this.   Try It.
One dollar and fifty eents is the
cost for a six months subscription
to the FederationiBt.
"Left Wing"
Communism
An Infantile Disorder
(By Nikolai Lenin)
NOW ON SALE BT THE B. 0. FEDERATIONIST
Price: Single Copies 25c
Ten or more copies at the rate of 20c per copy, postage
paid.  Oet your orders in quick, as there will not
be a second edition.
OMIOll MADE
GUARANTEED FULL
.    STRENGTH
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Tor Twtnty Tars wt kin toned tkis Union stamp for n» under onr
VOLUNTARY  ARBITRATION CONTRACT
OUB STAMP INSURES:
Peaceful Colltcthe Bargaining
Forbids Botk Strikes and Lockouts
DtipatM Stttltd by Arbitration
Stud; Eiuplojrmant and Skllltd Workmanship
Prompt Deliveries to Dealers sad Pnbllc
Paica ind Suecaia to Worktn tad Employors
Proiptrity of Shot Miklnf Communities
As loyal union mtn and womtn, ve ask
yon tt dtmind shoes bailing tkt above
Union Stamp oa Sola, Insole oz Lining.
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
MB SUMMER STREET, BOSTON, MASS.
Colli! Lowly, Qoaonl Piooldoat.    Ohorloo I_ Bolno, Qonoiol Soo.-Trooo.
rroali Out ZIowus, runeral Designs, W easing Boutiueta, Pet Plants
Ornamental aid Shade Tteea, Seed*, Bulbs, riorists' Sundriei
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
ILOBI8TI AND NURSERYMEN
»-8T0BES-_
M Bastings Stroot East 728 Otravlll* Street
Seymour -88-972 Soymonr (SIS
The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
Kill ordots poriooslly ottoadol to
Guaranteed to Hold Oaalke and Are Tboronghty Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor' Co..
/    Succeuor* to H. TOS * SON
SS CORDOVA STREET VEST, VANCOUVER, B. C.
.   Next Door to Logs*-** Hall
Phoae Seymour bOO Repair* Done Whil. Ton Wall
GUNS—Smltk, Parker, Vox. Stevens, Winchester and the new
B. S. A., In all gauge*.
RIFLES—Winchester, Savage and Stevens, ln varloua model*
and every oallbre in stoek.
AMMUNITION—Dominion, Winchester,' Eleys.    Every shotgun
and rifle slse In stock,
HUNTING CLOTHING, WADERS, ETC., REASONABLY
PRICED
EVERYTHING FOR THD SPORTSMAN
1921 Gam. licenses Now on Sale.
TISDALLS LIMITED
61S HASTINGS ST. W. PHONE SEY. 8300
A $200,000 Payroll
That's what it cost in wages to make Cascade
Beer in Vancouver last year. When you drink
Cascade, you not only help your fellow workmen, but you drink a beer that for tjiirty years
has been the best beer sold in B. C.
jw-mTi_i__.TH ykau. no. 29   Th.t] BRLTitiH. COLUMBIA .FiSDKRATiOJNlj-T
NOT LESS THAN 8%
PROOF SPIRIT
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
LOGGERS1 GENERAL MEETING
Proceedings of the general meet- f Question 1 on referendum be tilling held on Sunday, July 24, 1911,
at 11 a.m.
Fellow Worker Halliday being
tha only nominee for chairman, waa
elected,
The cards of all members ln the
hall were examined, and only members in good standing were given a
voloe in the.proceedings.
The committee that counted the
ballots, which consisted of Fellow
Workera J. Halliday, W. Cowan, P.
Doyon and H. A. Macdonald, then
reported that Questions. 1 and % on
tha ballot submitted to camps had
carried and Question 8 was loat.
1. Shall the present officials
carry on until such time as a convention can be held?
2. Shall the aecond meeting In
July be authorized to deal with resolutions submitted by camps, and
resolutions approved of to ba i>fter-
wards submitted to referendum ?
3. Shall the nomination and
election of officers take place by
referendum ballot?
Moved  and  aecondd:   "Committees' report be accepted."
-Minutes of last propaganda meeting were read and adopted.
The regular two-weekly report
was received and referred to auditors.
The secretary's report was read,
and upon motion, it was decided to
take up the two recommendation."
contained therein, in turn.
The clause dealing with the adoption of "some policy whereby members in bad standing could be placed in good standing without having
to pay up all back dues" was then
taken up.
It was moved and seconded:
"That alt dues 'previous to January,
1921, be cancelled."
An amendment was made: "That
any mombers ln bad standing could
be reinstated by paying three (3)
months dues and an- additional too
of $2."
After nn extended discussion, the
motion, nmendment and amendment to the amendment were lost
by substantial majorities.
The clause dealing with the
printing of the Coaat bylaws, in
which it was pointed out that .the
period we are living in is a period
of rapid changes and the possibility
of the necessity of revising the bylaws in the near future manifesting
Itself.
It was therefore moved and seconded: "Thut the printing of the
Coast bylaws should be left over
until after tho proposed unity conference, and the proposod meeting
of the committees from the Lumber
Workers and the O. B. U." Carried.
Financial report for January-
June period accepted.
Moved    and    seconded:    "That
Slater's
QUALITY
SERVICE
FREE
DELIVERY
Provision Dept.
Sliced   Streaky   Bacon,   lb.    36c
Sliced Ayrshire Bacon, Ib.  46c
Sliced   Streaky   Bacon,   Ib.   . ,..40«
Sliced Boneleii Rcll, Ib 35c
Sliced Pfameal Bacon,  lb 60c
HAM HAM HAM
We are the Picnic Ham Kinga of
Tancuuver—Why t Brcauao our
Picnic Hams are n little better
than the other felldwa. On salo
Friday and Saturday at, lb...28»/ac
BUTTEB BUTTHB BUTTEB
On Bale on  Saturday, our famous
Alberta   Creamery   Butter.     Reg
45c lb.,  special, lb  40c
3 lbs, for  tl.15
. Fresh Meat Dept.
We soil nothing but Nn. 1 Government
Inupccted Beef and Pork. Don't ask
for chilled or frozen beof, ve don't
ntock  It.
No. 1 Pot Roasts of Choice Beef from,
lb - _...  8o
No.   1  O.VKN  ROASTS  of  Choice :
Beof from, lb 12 1-Bc '
No.   1   Rolled   Roasts,   nottting   finer,
">■ — - - 20c
No.  1 Boiling Beef, extra quality,
from, lb. , ,_\c
No, 1 fltew Beef, boneless, Ib 12 l-2c
LOOAL  KILLED   GOVERNMENT
INSPECTED SPRINO LAMB
Spring Lamb,   Stew,  Ib 16c
Spring  Lamb,   Shoulders  ....321-2
Spring Lamb, Loins, lb 81 l-2c
Spring Lamb, Legs, lb 36c
POBK     POBK      POBK
On sale on Friday and Saturday, our
famoua Pork Shoulders, weighing
'rom 4 to 8 lbe., special, lb SOc
Middlo Cuts of Pork, lb 25c
Grocery Dept.
White Spring Salmon,, 4 4iBj.__.2fic
Fine Sardinea, 8 this for  26c
Pork and Beans, 3 tins,for. 25c
Potted Meat, I tlna for _._. 25c
Kitchen Salt, 3 sacks for 26c
Holbrook'a Custard, 3 packets..30c
Bird's  Custard,  large tlna 40c
Large tlnp Peaches for  85c
/
Finest New Spuds,  12 lbi 26c
FlncHt Dry Onions. 8 lbs. for....2fic
Slater'a  Red  Label Tea,  lb.....46c
EXTBA SPECIAL
We have secured a nice lot of specially
cured Shoulder Haran, whicli we are
cutting In halves, weighing from 3 to
4 1-2 lbs. Very nice and Jusl what
you want to boil for the weak-end.
They are all nicely smokes. Keg.
price 86 l-2o lb., Friday sod Saturday, special, lb ....28 1-20
Four Big Stores
123 Hastings (Hoad Offlce) Say. 3269
830 Oranvllle Straet Hey. 868
3200 Main Street Pair. 1883
Wast Bad  Market   (Oor.  Dirts and
Granville) Sey. 8148
cussed."   Carried,
Moved and seconded: "That
meeting adjourn until 2:10 p.m."' 9
Amendment: "That meeting adjourn at 2 p.m. until 10 a.m. Monday." Motion carried. Adjourned
at 1:80 p.n*
Meeting convened* at 2:30 p.m..
and It was moved that the meeting
carry on.until B:S0 p.m.   Carried.
A motion was made that nominations for secretary-treasurer and
four executive board members be
taken at this meeting, and nomi-
neer' names be sent out to referendum." Ruled out of order by the
chair.
'Moved and seconded: "That present officials carry on until the next
convention or until Jan. 1, 1022."
Carried,
Financial report tor April-June,
and letter from headquarters received and filed.
Moved and seconded: "That this
meeting discuss the question of the
{.{''■posed unity conference." Carried.
Moved and seconded: 'Thst this
meeting go on record ss being in
favor of appointing or electing a
committee of three (3) from* this
organization to meet a similar committee from ti\e O. B. U. to discuss
the questions at issue betwoen the
two organ teat ion %,"    Carried.
Moved and seconded: "That thia
moeting is in favor of ending a
delegate from the L. W. I. tJ. cf C.
to the proposed unity conference
of progressive working class organisations on the American cdnti-
iH-nt."    Carried.
Moved and seconded: "That a
member be .nominated to All the
vacancy on the executive board."
Carried.
Fellow Workers L. Bart, R. Jaeger, J. Halliday, R. Higgins, J.
Grace and J. Dwyer were nominated.    J. Graee declined, and it was
Moved and seconded: "That nominate clase on the remainder."
Moved and seconded: "That the
secretary look up ledger numbers
of nominees and see that they are
in good standing."   Carried.
Moved and. seconded: "That the
procee'edings of this meeting be
published in The Federationist, and
ballot be published three successive
weeks."    Carried.
Moved and seconded: "That bain
lots be returned to office not later
than Sept. 9, 1921."   Carried.   ,
A dlscucssion nroso upon ways
and meana of publishing an offlciaV
paper, and it was decided by moi'
tion to leave this matter over until
the next convention.
Moved and seconded: "That the
secretary's wages be $30 per week."
Carried.
Moved and seconded: "That organizer's wages be reduced $10 per
week."   Carried.
Moved and seconded: "That or
ganger's wages be fixed at $4 per
day."   Carried,
Tho preamble of the Council of
Workers of Vancouver and district
was read.
Moved and seconded: "That the
preamble and constitution of the
Council of Workers, as amended,
be adopted."   Carried.
Meeting adjourned nt 5:50 p.m.
CRANBROOK, B. C.
On July 13, Card No. 233 and
myself decided that something
must be done to keep the pot boiling; so wo hied ourselves to the
Govornmont Employment oflico,
and there received a card that explained that we had-sold our lahor
power to the Crows Nest Lumber
Co., Camp fl,'Rankin's Spur, for the
sum of $3,75 per day, board $1.50
per day, fare $3.70, occupation sawyers, On the morning of the 14th,
the foreman asked me what I did
in the woods. On being Informed,
he said: "Fine and dandy; I can use
you to good advantage," which he
did for four daya, and then passed
the kind word that the sawyers
were so far ahead that tbe teams
could not catch, up, no we had bettor bring fn our tools. Tho next
morning, our time-checks were
waiting for us. This Is tbe way the
account stood:
Fare  $ e.W
Board      8.50
Medical fee  25
Soviet Army Is
i      the People's Army
(Continued from
SS§SL
PAGE THEEE
'SUge Sham Fight to
-i.   Get Aid of Soldiers
(Continued from page 1)
$15.70
Wages, four days  15.00
Debit bulance  70
If some kind person who thinks
that a slave should get married,
will explain what the wife will live
on when the slave is going behind
at every move, I am opon to have
tbe explanation made clear. This
ramp employs a Chinese cook and
cookee, and the eats aru on the
bum.
DELEGATE 585.   -
srive the rank and (lie a square deal.
Surely auoh a government could be
entrusted to select the officers of
the army? This view prevailed and
the system of electing officers by
tht common soldiers was left out
of the Red army.
But where.could the government
secure the necessary officers? The
workera themselvea knew little or
nothing of the complicated business
of modern war. Large numbers of
ex-Czarlst officers were at hand,
and many of them wanted to join
the new army. But they could not
be trusted and a violent prejudice
existed against them. Finally, however, many of them were accepted,
and put at the heads of the troops.
But their authority was limited to
purely military matters. Side by
side with them were, placed Soviet
commissioners, wh0 ' looked after
the political work of the army.
They attended to the education of
the soldiers and ma.de them understand what the revolution meant.
They also saw to it that the decrees
of the government were carried out
and that the army was not used
against the Interests of the revolution, Rl fared the officers, Indeed,
who ventured to engage in treasonable activities.
The general plan was to exploit
the knowledge of the old-time officers, but not to let them Becure
any real power. And so well was
this done that the government had
been able to educate large numbers
of worker officers and to build up
a reliable army command. The ruling class monopoly of mi'itary
knowledge had been finally brokon.
Military experts declare that If thiB
hai not been done, tho workers
could not have constructed an up-
to-date army and carried on modern warfare.
And so It was with a whole maze
of problems, many of them unique
iu military experience. The Red
army triumphed over all of them,
nud was able to crushlngly defeat
Russia's multitudinous enemies. In
tho United States we make much
ado about over the difficulties of
the army In the American revolution, but, compared with the overwhelming obstacles that confronted
the Red army, Us troubles were negligible. As It now stands, the Red
army ls enormous ln size and power. Just what Its numbers are Is
not to be learned, but it Is generally conceded to be the most powerful military organization in the
world.
There Is a studieu effort being
made by enemies of Russia to make
it appear thnt the Red army Is the
same us other armies, and has all
thoir failings. But this is decidedly
nof tho case. The Red army is just
as different from capitalistic armies
as the Soviet government is different from capitalistic governments.
It is pervaded throughout with a
democratic spirit totally unknown
in other military organizations. Between the officers and soldiers a
feeling of brotherhood prevails;
thpy dress exactly alike and address
each other as "comrade." The Red
army is a people's army, defending
thp people's interests/
. The Red nrmy ia nn organized
crusade for the revolution. So militant and conKnlous is its proletarian spirit thnt Its leidors can truthfully boast that "White" European
troops cannot be used successfully
against it. When faced by such
soldiers the Red army, in addition
to Its iron resistance, sets its grent
propaganda machine in operation.
TUe prisoners captured are fed, entertained, educated nnd|takon about
the country to see the proletarian
Institutions of Russia. Then they
are returned to their own lines.
Besides this, large quantities of literature are published and distributed t0 the enemy troopa, pointing
out to them how they are being
duped by their masters and why
they have no interest to carry on
the war. Usually the result is not
long in showing itself. Sf«on thc
enemy soldiers, most of whom, of
course, are working men, wake up
to the true situation, and refuse to
fight their Russian brothers. This
has heen the cose time after time.
Not even Amorican troops eould
withstand tho Rod army propaganda, as their revolt in Siberia provo*?
All told, the Red nrmy Is a re-
mnrkablo Instlftitlon and a fntlng
instrument to defend the great
Russian revolution.
A New Provinco
Moscow—Rosta Wlen: The all-
Russian central oxecutive has ordered that the county of Alexnn-
drovsk of the provinco of Archangel
shall now be called Province of
Murman, with the provincial capital In Murmnn.
Moscow,—A monument to tho
American journalist, John Reed,
hns been unvelle.d here. Speeches
were made by Russian and other
Communists.
HILLIS BAY STRIKE
So far we have been unable to
shut the cnmp up tight; lt Is still
running wtlh a fow men. The foreman came up lust night with four
men, and when we met tlu>m at thai
beat, we were told that they had)
no knowledge of a striko being on;J
one said he would pull out ln a day
or two; two men. quit on Sunday,
so they havo very few men working
npw.
1 understand one of tho donkey
boilers ls leaking. If that is so, the
boiler Inspector may close It down
If either of the donkey punchers report It. I was told that they had
deer meat on July 4, and am trying to find out whore It came from.
This compnny would feed their men
on dogmeat lf It could bc got cheap
enough. No doubt eome of the
suckera packed the deer meat Into
the camp, (some rawncher, I
guess.)
The presont time la undoubtedly
a had time to strike, but tho low-
paid mon were forced to do something. Those who could not exist
on the cut wore, as usual, ready to
carry on, and throw the other fellow down. It Is to be hoped that
the time Is approaching when
wages will be more nearly equal.
Notices are posted all over the Island, and every boat has bcen met,
but It ls difficult to do anything
after men arrive, as they are broke,
nnd are likoly to remain broke under the conditions prevailing at
present. Thc men tn town will do
well to watch the boats carefully,
and If they do enough piokettlna
around the bouts, it Is possible that
the company    may   experience so
much trouble that they will offer a
bettor wage to the under dog.
July 26, DEL. 26,
LIMBER     WORKERS'     INDUS
TRIAL UNION OF CANADA
PRINCE RUPERT BRANCH
Referenda
On the Proceedings of the Emergency Convention, held   in   Prince
Rupert on June 23, 1821.
, BALLOT
• To be filled out and mailed to the
Socretary, J. H. Burroughs, Box
833, Prince Rupert, B. C, i/ot later
tban August 5th, 1921.
Name of voter	
Fllo No	
Dues paid to month of 192....
Last receipt No	
(Members more than three months
In arrears cannot vote,)
Tor Membor of Central Exocutive
Board, L. W. I. U. of O.
(Vote for One)
Doyon, P., Sedgwlok Bay	
McDonald, Hug. A., Sedgwick Bay
Eor Memben of Branch Executivo
Board, Prince Rupert
Vote for six. m
Brown, Nelson, Breaker Bay _..
Burke, A., Sedgwick Bay  -
Gagne, Z. P., Usk, G.T.P	
Jones, A. E., Swanson Bay	
King, Ed., Carnaby, O. T. P .^^^
Kobler, Victor, Kelly's Camp, Cum
shswa	
Morris, Wm., Sodgwlck Bay	
Reld, D„46edgwlck Bay	
(Members absent from the Dis.
trlct wlU cut this aat and mall as
above,)
had "quelled" another "outbreak
of war" by the strikers upon the
poor coal operators of Mingo
county.
Asked by a oompany lawyer why
he had "told," Kirkpatrick replied
that the superintendent had "done
me dirty by dismissing me."
W. E. Hutchison, a young miner
at the Burn wall mine, who was the
first to organize a union In Minto
county—In May, 1020—told the
story of a typical "delivery to the
outsjde," as, an eviction from a
company house ls called. Six gunmen, armed with high power rifles
and pistols, broke down the door
of his house while his family was
absent, carried out his goods and
dumped them in the open, breaking the furniture. Six other gunmen watched the proceedings. He
had received three days' notlceMo
vacate the premises, along with nle
dismissal from the service of the
company. This had occurred
Within five daya after he had
Joined the United Mine Workers.
Forty other men who - Joined the
union when he did were given
similar dismissal and notice of
ejection at the same time.
Senator Kenyon asked how a
tenant, paying regular rent, pould
be thus thrown out into the Btreet,
when lt appeared that no local or
county or state authority had a'
hand In the process.
Muster and Servant
Lawyers for the coal company
replied that the West Virginia
courts hold that the relation of the
company to the occupant of one of
Its houses, even where rent Is paid,
Is not that of landlord and tenant,
but that of master und servant.
"The company has the same
right to put them out when it dismisses them from Its service," the
Mingo operators' counsol declared,
'as you have to put a domestic
Bervant out of a room in your own
house when you have terminated
her services."
Attorney Houston, for the minera, denied that this wns the ruling of the West Virginia courts,
except certain local courts. The
state supreme court had nover
given a decision to that effect.
Nevertheless it was clear that In
West Virginia mining towns the
companies administer these houses
as though* their tenants wero without civil right of any sort. Eviction Into the highway has been the
regular treatment for all miners
who dared join the union when the
company was opposed to unions.
C. F. Keeney, president of District 17, U. M. W. of A., testified
to the steps by which tho Mingo
field was organised last year and
to the repeated attempts made by
the union leaders, before aud nfter
the beginning ot the strike on
July 1, 1920, to get^the operators
to meet them ln conference to
settlo tbo dlsputef. Every attempt
failed since the operators refused
to permit any member of tbe
United Mine Workers to remain in
their mines. Over 2,700 union
men, dismissed as fast as thoy
were reported by the companies'
spies to have joined t he union,
were already locked out before the
striko order was issued to defend
them.
Sid Hatfield, principal ln the
Matewan battle on the side of the
miners, was the final witness pre
sented by the union In the sossion
here. He told of the shooting affair
which resulted in thc death of Al
Feltz of the Batdwln-Feltz gun
man organization.
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVKR TRADES ABD LABOR
COUNCIL—President, R. W. Hatley;
secretary, J. G. Smith. Meets 3rJ We*
nesday each month In the Pander Hall,
comer of Pender and Howe streots.
bono  Sey. 291.	
ALLIKD    PRI.SfiNO   TRADE!!    COUN-
ell—Meets    second    Monday    in    the
month.    President, J. V. McConnell: aee-
retary, R. H. Neelands. P. O. Boi OS.
BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS—If yon
' need briiklayers or masons for boiler
works, etc., or marble setters, phone
Bricklayers'  Union, Labor Temple.
GENERAL WORKERS' UNIT OP THE
O. B. U.—President, E. Andre; secretary, W. Service. Meets 2nd and 4th
Wednesday in eaeh month in Pender Hall,
cor. uf Pender and Howe streets. Phone
Se>.   291,
HOISTING AND PORTABLE KNOT
neers, Local 840—International Union
of Steam and Operating Engineers meeta
overy 2nd and 4th Friday at 8 p.m., 319
Pender .Street Weat. 0. Riley, 2034
Mahon Avenue, North Vancouver; seeretsry, P. Bradley, 1762 McSpaddea Street,
Vancouver, B. tf,
Communism andChriatianismr^lT*,"- •£
UjfXlea tnd Dsnrlsfu pehrta at vlsw. By WlUlaas Montgomery Brew*
D.ft The writer, e Bishop ie the Episcopal Church, sssltea aupenutuallu
la ssNgtaa a*4 afHaltol la polities.
Comments: "Oat ef the moil axtraardlatry sni eaalhllatlsf hatha I
have aver read. It will shahe tha eountry." "1 stO tk a sermon. The taxi
la Htoudlng:— Banish the goda from the ahy ea4 Mplttlista frosa tM
"II mbu like a meteor seroaa a dark Ay aaA It kold me tight."
sap Brown Is the reincarnation of Thaws rase aai hla book la the
nedera Age of Roason." "Il will do a wanderfsl work te tkis tko greatest
•rials ia all history." "A remarkable book by a MMwkeale man of intense
bterest to all."
Published la October, 1920.    Fiftieth ThoaseW new ready, Ml pages I
•letk $1.00; paper, 26 centa, or aix copies $1.00, postpaid.   -
The Bradford-Brown Educational Co., Inc. PobUtherg
100 South Union Street       GaHon, Ohio
10,000 Watches Wanted R^ir
AI-L WORK GUARANTIED
4M RICHARDS ST.      At I L£B Y       VANCOUVER, B. a
Scrap Gold, Silver, DUunonds, Watches Bonght—8ey. IB 16
Jersey City, N. J.—Scores of
small retail coal dealers in this city
have been driven out of business by
a coal combine which practically
dominates the trade bere, according to written charges presented by
Commissioner James F. Gannon,
Ja., at the opening session of the
Maekay legislative committee In
this city. Commissioner Gannon
charges that the R. H. Perry Com-
pttny, a holding ct-ncern for Burns
Brothers, New Tork, in conspiracy
with the Lehigh Valley Coal Sales
Company, has sought to control
the trade and flx the* price of coal.
Tho commissioner has nuked a
thtrough Investigation.
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Plaoe to Eat"
HASTINGS AND COLUMBIA STS.
Mainland
Cigar Store
S10 OARRALL STI.I_1_T
THE PLACE FOR FIFES
frloa Street; office corner Prior aud Mala
yts.   Phone Fair B604B,
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION-No. 22fl—
Moeta last Sunday of eaoh montk at
2 p.m. President, 0. H. Collier; vice-
president, E. H. Gottgk; secretary-
treasurer, R. H. Neelanda, Box 00.
THB NEW WESTMINSTER BRANCH
of the 0. B. tJ, meeta on the first and
third Wednesday of every month. All
members in thla diatrict aro invited to
attend.
WORKERS'" COUNCIL, VANCOUVER.
B. C, meets every Tuesday evening
at 8 p.m, In tho O. B. U. H:i», 804 Peader St. W. Secretary, E. Horsbtirgb, Pen-
d*r Hall.
JOURNEYMEN   TAILORS'    VHIUH    OP
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Monday In each month, 8 pin. President, ,A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, D.
Lawaon; recording aeeretary, O. Me-
Donald. P. O. Box 608; financial secretary, T. Templeton, P. 0. Box 603.
Provincial Unions
VICTORIA. B. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES
and Labor Couneil—Meets first and
third Wednesdaya, ktal|btj of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. President, 0. 8lvert>; vice-president, R. II*
llott; secret ary-tressurer, _. S. Wood*
ward, P. O. Box 302, Victoria, B. 0.
PRINOE BUPERT, B. 0.
PRINCE   BUPERT   CENTRAL LABOR
Couneil, O.  H. TJ.    BranrhKs: Prince
Rupert District  Fisheries Board, O.B.U.;
Metalliferous    Miners'    District Board,
0.-..JJ.     Secreary-treasurer,   p. 0.   Box
217, Prince Rupert.
We make Ladies' Garments
Bight Bene in Vancouver
—the eqml te stylo and smart-
nest of any offered la Canada,
Suita. Dnim, Costs, ttc.—tho
latest stjUs lis aaarttst models—u
aU tht asw .-Ittdss—complst* Unas
for yoar stewiag.
_ Wo sfsr thoss torments lower thaa
tlsowhoxo tocaoM wt deal dlroct—
eliminate aU u» Ssiddltmaa'a profits.
Famous
Olotk 4 Suit Co.
eaa haithm bt.. mm. <____»__»
.WHEN Df TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
_SH COKDOVA EAST
Everr-hlng Modem
        Bale* Reasonable        	
COAL
TALE BOOTLESS
AND '
NANAIMO
Kindling Free
CANADIAN WOOD AND
OOAL OOMPANT
1440 ORANVILLE Ser. 52_0
Hand your neighbor thla copy of
The Federatlontat, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
KIRK'S
Guaranteed Coal
Means—
U our eoal is not satisfactory to yon, after yon
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
coal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
used.
Tou to be the sole judge..
Kirk & Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phones Stjnnonr 1441 and Mt
Members of the C. L. W. I. U. Can Use This Ballot and
Return Same When Filled Out to 61 Cordova Si W.
COAST BRANCH
Hi.i'KL AND RESTAURANT KM-
ployees, Looal 38—Meeta every wcund
WodiR'BiU]. in tbo month at 2:30' p.n.
and every fourth Wednesday In the month
st 8:;.o p.tn. President, John Cumralngs,
aeoret"y and buelness agent, A. Oraham.
Office and meeting hall, 441 Beymour St.
V. Phone Sey. 1881. Oflico hours, 8
SJjt to S p.m.
INTERNATIONAL LONOHHOREUEN'B
Association, Local 38-52—Office and
hall, 152 Cordova St. VV. Meots first
and third Fridays, I p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, T. Nixon; business agent, P.
Sinclair.
•INTERN ATION AL JEWELRY WORK-
ers' Union—Meeti Snd and 4th Mondays. Prmldent, J. E. Dswson, 104G Tew
St., Kil-ili-no; aeeretary, K. T. Kelly,
1850 Hastings St. E.; recording aeeretary,
L. Holdsworth, &8B—14th St. W., North
Vancouver.
LUMBER WORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
UNION Of CANADA -An Induatrlal union of all workera. la logging and construction camps. Coaat District and Oeneral Headquarters, 01 Cordova St. W., Vaneoaver, B. C. Phono Sey.
7850. J. M. Clarke. I'l'ii'-ral secretary-
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Blrn,
Macdonald * Co., Vancouver, B. C.; auditors, Messrs. Buttar A Chieno, Vancouver, B. C.
MOVING PICTDRE MACHINE OPERATORS UNION, LOCAL 348. I.A.T8.E
—Affiliated with Tradi-s and Labor Council and Theatrical Federation, Vancouver.
President, J. R. Foster; secretary and
treasurer, Lurksley Clark, P. O. Box 345.
Offlce and meeting room, 810 London
Building, Pender St. W. Regular meoting night, first Sunday In each montk at
7:80 p.m. Buainess Atfent, W. Wool-
ridge.    Phone Frasor ______
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF
NORTH AMERICA (Vancouver and
Vicinity)^-Branch meeta 1st and Srd
Monday.. 318 Pender Ht. W. President,
0. Keys. Central Park P. ()., South Vancouvor; financial aeoretary, E, A. Ood-
dsrd, 856 Richarda St.; Recording Seeretary, J. L, Irvine, '_U9—18th St. W„
North  Vancouver,
BROTHEKHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECO-
rators and Paper&angt'rs of America.
Loeal 188, Vaneoaver—Meets 2nd and
4th Thursdays at 148 Cordova St. W.
Phone Sey. 3401. Business agent, R. A.
Barker.
O. B. U. UNIT PILE DRIVERS. WOOD-
en Bridgemen, Dertiekmen and Riggers
of Vancouver and vicinity. Meeta every
Monday, 8 p.m., In U. TV V. Ileli. 804
Pander St. W. President, W. Tncker;
financial secretary and business agont, O.
Anderson.    Phone  Beymour  291.
BTRSBT    AND    ELECTRIC    RAILWAI
Employoes,   Pioneer Division,   No-   101
—Meets A, O. t. HaU,  Mount Pleasant
1st and 3rd Mondaya at 10.15 a.m. and t
&m. President, F. A, Hoover, 2409 Clark*
rive; rocordlng-aeeretary, F. E. Qrlffln,
447—Slh Avenue Kast; treasurer, K. 8.
Cleveland; finanelal-aecrotary and busl-
am   ajavi    W    H    ft.ttrall.   ASOS   nnn..
Unless Member's Ledger Number Is Given,   Voto Will Xot Be OoinileA
If Short oC Ballots More Thsn One Member Cnn Uso This Ballot
Ledger Number
REFERENDUM BALLOT
On Proceedings of Meeting Held on July 24,1931
All Ballots to bc in to 61 Cordova Street West, Vancouver,
13. C, not later than September 9, 1921, and addressed to the
Coast Secretary. Send ballot papers, together with camp report
sheet, separate from any other communication, and mark outside
of wrapper "Referendum Ballot."
Put an "X" in the space to thc left of thc question upon
whioh you are voting, iu the space For or Against.
Vote for onc man ONLY for Executive Board Member.
YES
NO
ABE YOU Df FAVOB:—
That the printing of the Coast By-lawt
be held over until after the proposed
Unity Conference and thc proposed meeting of committees from the h. W. I. U.
of C. and the 0. B. U.t
ABE YOU IK FAVOB :-
<" That thc Secretary's wages be reduced
to $30.00 per week!
ABE YOU IN FAVOB:-
That the Organizer's wages be reduced
to $4.00 per day?
For EXECUTIVE BOABD
(Qne Only to Be Eleoted)
L. BART
J. IIAI-LIDA?
R. I1IG0INS
E. JAEGER PAGE ETO
■—.■ ___
'■*»'"«'.
^m^T,^.  TIIE j.RITI?H COLUMBIA FEpERATIONffT   vanco^,
CLAMAN'S STORE NEWS
Boys' Department—Second Floor
Extraordinary Purchase
and Selling Event
BOYS' SUITS
i.75   "
$6,
Canada's Largest Exclusive
Store tor Men and Boys
•UU 0BDER3—All Charges Prepaid.
Satisfaction or Honey Baok,
Parents must actually see these Suits to appreciate the
extraordinary values I You„will be quick to admit that
no suoh .values as these have been seen in Vancouver for
several years. So bring your boy and select a Suit tomorrow. Do not feel skeptical or prejudiced simply beeause the price is so low. We ask no one to buy—just to
eome and see with their own eyes what sort of Boys' Suits
we're selling at $6.75. The values are simply without
precedent.   Sizes 24 to 36.
THE HOME OF
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Claman's
LIMITED
153 Hastings Street West
THE MOST AWFUL-
THING IN WAR
"But tell me. what was the most
awful thing you went through out
there?"
The men purse up their Ups. Suddenly a strident voice speaks out ot
the darkness:
"Awful? Tho only awful thlnf
Is the going off. You go off to war
•—and they let you go. That's the
awful thing!"
"Chlo wife? Oh, yes. Vory
dashing. She didn't shed a tear
when I left In the train. Oh! they
Were aU very dashing when we went
off. Poor Dill's wife was, too, very
plucky. She threw rosea at him In
the train, and she'd been his wife
for nearly two months. Roses! Ha,
hai See you soon again! They
Were all so patriotic!
"Mine too! Mine too! She waved her handkerchief, just like the
others."
"You want to know what was the
most awful thing? To flnd out that
Women are cruel. That they can
•mile and throw' roses; that they
can give up their husbands, their
ohlldren, the little boys they havo
put to bed a thousand times, tucked up a thousand times, have fondled, have created from their own
flesh and blood. That was the surprise. That they gave us up—that
they Bent us; actually sent us."—
From "The Forerunners," by Ro-
main Holland.
British Labor Party Sends
Appeal to President
Harding
London—British Labor has again
made representations to the American government with a view to so*
curing the release from prison of
Eugene Debs. The following telegram haB been dispatched to President Harding by Arthur Henderson on behalf of the recent annual
conference of the Labor Party:
"One thousand delegates, representing more than four and a half
million organized British working
people, are grieved to learn of the
continued imprisonment of their
friend and comrade, Eugene Debs,
and they most respectfully and earnestly request the exercise of a
generous clemency toward this distinguished servant of the people of
the United States of America and
his Immediate release from prison."
Red Trade Union
Congress Meets
 (Continued from page 1)
a a
WORK FOR
RELIEF
Russian Workers to Unite
Efforts to Relieve
Distress
Hand the Fed. to your sfeopmato
when you ara through with It
Always look up the Fed, advertiser* before making purchases.
All men who were Claimants in the Lawsuit
for Wages Against the Premier Mine Co. are
requested to send their names and addresses to
Secretary,
Central Labor Council
PRINCE RUPERT, B. C.
What a Beautiful Place!
Tbls Exclamation Is Frequently Made by Visitors Wliei. They
Arrive at ,
HORSESHOE BAY
Which I* Beached by the North Vancouver Route of the
PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
Through Thirteen Mile* of Beautiful Scenery
It Is th* children's paradise.   Playground* with free swing*,
and picnic tables Installed ln a shady park.
A *af* beach for bathing or paddling.
Refreshments and accommodation obtainable at two hotel*.
Depot adjoining Ferry Wharf, North Vancouver.
Return Fare 75c—Good day of issue only.
Timetable* Mulled on Application to Passenger Department.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Vancouver Block Seymour 9547 and North Van 309
SUMMER SALE
All Suits Reduced
SHIRTS
Specially Priced
$1.45
$2.45
$2.95
UNDERWEAR
Much Reduced
$1.45
$1.95
$2.45
C. D. Bruce
Limited.
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
are ripening so that from bting a
land of a conservative labour
movement it was becoming a land
of revolutionary class struggle.
Word from France
Kosmer, representative of the
French trade unions stated that
the French workers aye prepared
to struggle energetically against the
bourgeois. Koenen spoke in the
name of the Third International
and said that the presence of the
representatives of the trade unions
of all lands in this flrst International Red Trade Union Congress
was a proof that huge masses of
workers in all lands of the world
are prepared to fight for the Idea
of the Red Trade Union International. The Trado Union must
flght not only against the bourgeoia but also against the Amsterdam International. During the
war Amsterdam had not only made
the workers help the bourgeois
but was itself a member of the
League of Nations. The working
class must create a united front
against world capitalism. This
revolutionary front will be created
with the help of the Trade Union
International.
Rykov, who spoke in the name
of the Russian proletariat stated
that the Russian workers require
the help of the world proletariat
to develop and entrench the gains
of the revolution. Our weakness
was the weakness of the movement
of the European proletariat. The
aid of the proletariat of Western
Europe has helped us to get over
the economic blockade of Soviet
Russia with united craft. We must
now get through the blockade of
world capital which is directed
against the working class of the
whole world. Out of the struggle
against the yellow international of
Amsterdam the Red Trade Union
International must evolve the revolutionary Btruggle of the working
class for its complete liberation.
Wledllng for Germany
Wiedling, who spoke on behalf
of the trade unions of Germany,
Austria, Switzerland, and Hungary
said In his speech that lt was not
the compromising small bourgeois
delegates of the trade unions who
were taking part in this congress
but the representatives of the true
worker unions. The organisations
of the German workers were coming one after the other into the
camp of the Red Trade Union
International.
Orlandl read a manifesto In the
name of the Spanish Federation
ot Labor which contained the following words:
The trade unions of Spain have
been dissolved by the government
and forced to work illegally. Meetings are: broken up, papers forbidden, and the best fighters of
the working class of Spain sit
either in prison or they are secretly murdered by the bourgeois. The
congress protests In the name of
17 million workers against the proceedings of the Spanish bourgeois
reaction and encourages the Spanish working class to hold out in
their Btruggle."
JUNIOR LABOR
LEAGUE NOTES
Chief Interest at the
meeting of the Junior Labor League
last Friday evening apparently, and
for obvious reusons, attached to the
camp committee's report. Another
meeting was held on Tuesday of
this week to complete some necessary arrangements and tomorrow,
Saturday, will see the first of the
members and friends go to the
camp at White Rock. It Is expected that quite a crowd will go
down each week-end during August
also, while an effort ls being made
to Increase the number of campers
spending a week or more there.
For Information, phone Fair, 3040
or Fair. 1423.
The next regular meeting of the
league will be a business meeting
on August 26. The place of meeting will be announced later.
If you want some sample copies
of this paper for your neighbors,
call around to the offlce and get
them*
Famine in Volga Provinces Creates New
Problem
(By The Federated Press)
New York, July 22.—The follow
Ing cablegrams from the Russian
Telegraph Agency at Moscow were
received today at the office of Soviet Russia:
Moacow, July 17.—Public attention here Is focused upon the prob'
lem of helping the starving pcaB
ants in the drought-stricken Volga
provinces. All the political, Indus
trial and peasants' organization"
are straining every effort to provide quick relief. The supreme
council of public economy has resolved to help the sufferers by the
development of petty trade and In
dustry In the famine provinces, giving them preference ln the supply
of raw materials, etc.
The Izvestla suggests an appeal
to the workere of the world by the
All-Russian Trades Union Council
and to the CommuniBts of the world
through party channels to help the
famine sufferers, "There need not
be any hesitation In making such
an appeal," saya the Izvestla, "because It is not asking common
charity. Soviet Russia means
much to the proletariat of the
worid. Even if the European proletariat, which is suffering from an
acute economic crisis, should be
unable to furnish great material
help, the moral and political benefit
will be incalculable. If the capi
tallst governments should back the
efforts of the International proletariat to help the starving Russian
brothers It would greatly enlighten
the proletariat of Europe and result in a further cementing of international solidarity."
The Pravda appeals to Communists and Soviet workers throughout
the country to redouble their efforts
to make the food tax collections
complete in view of the crop failure In the food producing Volga.
provinces. ThiB newspaper also appeals to the workers to give the
maximum production, prominently
displaying the following dictum by
Lenln:
We are In such difficulties of
economic impoverishment and dilapidation and exhaustion of the
main productive forces of the peasants and workers that everything
else must be subordinated to thc
fundamental purpose of increasing
the volume of production to the utmost."
The special famine commission
of the AH-RuBsian central executive committee has appealed to the
executives of all the provincial Soviets Immediately to collect and report on the amount of seeds which
the respective provinces can spare
for the famine provinces for the
coming plowing and also to report
upon the opportunities for employment offered to the Volga peasants
In the more prosperous provinces.
The All-Russian conference of
centrosoyouz (co-operative) agents
opened In Moscow yesterday. Chair
man Khtntchuk read to the dele
gates the following letter from
Lenln: "Greeting your conference
on behalf of the council of people s
commissars and the Communist
party, I regret my inability to attend ln person and to address you
on the task of the co-operators.
or
Alies "Assist" Austria for
Their Own Financial
Benefit
Vienna.—At a proflt of 60 per
cent, a declared dividend of 20 per
cent,, England is extending financial "assistance" to bankrupt Austria. ThlB enormous gain was made
by English capitalists who Bame to
the aid of the Danube River freight
service. Pre-war profits of this en<
terprlse had been from 2 to 6 per
cent, annually.
The Bame Btory holds good in almost every other enterprise in Austria to which English capital has
come to the rescue.
■ "This ls what the Allies call
financial aid," exclaims Die Rote
Fahne. "We AuBtrians have become a colonial dependency of
England of the worst kind.
"In Austria a colonization process by the entente with the Identical alms as every other modern
colonizing has been going on for
the last two years. It has been a
ruthless, economic exploitation,
though with different methods than
are employed In Java, the Marshall
Islands or the CameroonB.
"Austrian capitalists needed no
flnanclal help outside our borders,
there being plenty of war profiteers
with piles of money, right at home.
But they did need the political support of the entente, and therefore
Invited entente capitalists to share
the flnanclal responsibility of their
enterprises. The entente capitalists
agreed, not out of fellow feeling for
their Austrian brethren, nor out of
general philanthropy, but for the
huge returns which they are already receiving."
I
am confident that your past experience will help you to solve your
problems in acccordance with the
general plan for the reconstruction
of the country.
"The success oj our Impending
practical work will largely depend
on correctly defined relations in
commodity exchange between the
urban industries and agriculture,
on the ability of the co-operators,
by a consistent and firm campaign,
to develop commodity exchange
and occupy the flrst place therein
and on your ability to collect the
scattered products and promote
production. The practical solution
of these problems is the best means
for achieving our ultimate aim—
the reconstruction of agriculture
and, upon its foundation, the reln-
vlgoration of large industry."
Trotzky, addressing the International Congress of Young Communists at Moscow, emphasized the
Important part played by the young
Russian workers and peasants in
the revolution and its defense, alluding particularly to the heroic
young warriors from Kronstadt.
Saluting the International Young
CommuniBts on behalf of the Red
Army, Trotsky expressed confidence
that the more developed revolutionary youth of Europe and
America will prove equal to the
task which future history will Impose upon them.
The Volhynian economic council,
carrying out the new economic policy, has leased numerous minor industrial enterprises to co-operators
and individuals, %
Some local rainfalls Improved
the summer crops in the TsatitBln
province. The winter crops of the
Tartar republic are totally lost on
account of the severe drought. The
summer crops will yield a half harvest.
C. N. U. X. Withdraws
From Soldiers': Council
(Continued from page 1)
of not only unemployment, but war
With all its horrors, the C. N. U.
X, as defined ln its preamble and
constitution, recognizes that the
abolition of the system which
causes the evils is the only way to
euro them, and as this work is the
task of an International working
claas, we must sever our connection
with tho United Soldiers Council,
and tend to our task, which Is so
plainly mapped out before us.
Yours Truly,
EXECUTIVE COMMIITTEE,
Canadian National Union ot Ex-
Service Men. ,   \
Buy at a union stora,
STILL GO ON
American Legion, Assisted by Authorities, Continue Reign of Terror
(By the Federated Press)
Tulare, S. D.—Tho deportations
of workers by organized bands of
the American Legion continues.
Forty-four persons were herded together here and marched 11 miles
to Redfleld, S. D., under guard of
the .Legion and then ordered to
keep on going. The deportees
claim that two of their number are
missing and foul play by the mob
is feared. One of the miBsing men
Is named John Matson. He and his
companion wer forcibly separated
from the rest of the deportees.
A mob of Leglonalres surrounded
the section of town' in which the
workerB live, and inspected all the
men who had not yet found jobs
in the harvest fields. The Leglonalres claimed that many of the men
were members and organizers of
the I. W. W., carrying on what
was termed a mammoth organization drive.
The authorities gave every assistance to the Leglonalres in their
daylight deportation. No arrests of
members of the mob were contem
plated, officials said,
"Men who refuse to work for
$2.50 a day have no business in this
town," said one citizen.
FRIDAY,.......;..-....; .truly 21, 1W* (
BE
New Steps to Break Sugar
Workers' Organizations
Harding   Administration
Provides "New Welfare" Programme
(By tho Federated Press)
Washington—Cheap Chinese labor, Indentured and bonded to b*
shipped back to China after It*
period of toll is done, may soon be
provided for th. «ugar planter* in
Hawaii to br_aR th* trade union
•plrlt developed among,the Japanese plantation laborer* then.
Senator Dillingham, of the senate
Immigration committee, and Delegate Kalaniaonaol* of Hawaii have
Introduced a Joint resolution, whioh
already has bsen favorably reported
in the House, giving to the secretary of Labor authority to admit to
Hawaii "iuch alien* otherwise ln-
admissable a* he may deem necessary to meet the exUtlng emergency," whenever the president shall
declare an emergency to exist in
Labor shortage either in general or
in any particular class or classes of
workers in the terirtory.
This deliberate breach In the exclusion wall aimed. to admit
enough coolies to destroy union
standard of wages and hours of labor established by the strikes of
the Japanese unionists tn the Islands, Is apparently the official policy of the Harding administration.
It Is advocated by Harding'* recent
appointee to the governorship of
the territory. It ls an admitted
step toward reducing the standard
of living for the mass of wage-
workers in Hawaii.
In due time the Senate will have
a chanco to discuss this kind of
"welfare" legislation, and to aBk
some embarrassing questions of Mr.
Harding.
Protests against House Joint He-
solution 171 and Senate Joint Resolution 82—the Chinese measure—
are already .pouring ln. The sinister warning to labor on the mainland is evidently helng heard.
Nevertheless, Dillingham's committee proposes to hold hearings on
the scheme with the purpose of
shaping It up for passage ot this
session of congress.
The sugar planters want it and
the hankers want the BUgar planters to havo lt. Tho fact that tho
American Foderation of Labor and
the Japanese and other trade unionB
involved are making an outcry
against the degrading Influence pf
Indentured coolies, held and guarded like criminuls or slaves until the
unions are broken, does not disturb
the plans of the administration at
all.
LETTERS TO
THiyrED._
1
Marino'Firemen & Oilers Union
Editor B. C. Federationist—Sir;
We, the Marine Firemen & Oilers
Union of B. C, wish to point out to
the working class in general, the
facts regarding the strike that ls on
between the seamen, firemen and
oilers and the C. G. M. M. Ltd., as
omployers. The C. G. M. M, cut the
wages on Tuesday, July 20, 1921,
from $75 per month, to the unreasonable Bum ot $60 per month.
Whereas, we the members of this
union, held a meeting on that date,
and passed the following resolution: "That we, the Marine Firemen
& Oilers Union of British Columbia refuse to accept the wage cut
put Into effect on Tuesday, July
20, 1921." Therefore, the C. G. M.
M. ships are unfair to organized
labor.. The management make the
excuse that business conditions warrants, or rather Justifies them in
making a 20 per cent, cut ln wages
for firemen and sailors, no mention
being made of engineers or officers. We pointed out to the management that none of the other
companies had cut wages in such a
drastic manner. They have not
even considered the cost of Jiving,
which seems to be getting higher
Instead of lower. They Bald that
wages would have to come down
flrst, and then the cost of living
would come down. We wanted to
know if it was reasonable to compare the cost of living in Montreal
with that of Vancouver, and if it
was right that 20 per cent, cut In
wages was the method of getting
things normal?
The management here In Vancouver said that they would communicate with the head ofllce In
Montreal, as they were acting according to instructions from Montreal. Meantime they are doing
their utmost to get men, but they
have so far aB we know, got a
bunch of men void of principle,
aud lacking experience, although
they have not got the full crew yet.
The frightful conditions aboard
the C. G. M. M. boats have resulted
In the crews at various times revolting and tieing up ships at foreign ports. The crew of, tho S, S.
Inventor mutineed at Calcutta, owing to rotten food in March, 1921.
The crew of S. S. Canadian Highlander reported on May 18 that
they were forced to go in a body,
and let the skipper know that they
would not work until such time as
they got something that was eatable. Two lioutennnts who had
been overseas with the C. B .F. tn
France, said that they would much
sooner go over to France again and
Buffer rather than use the shot and
Winnipeg, Man.—R. B. Russell,
in anofflclal declaration, repudiates
all rumors in circulation regarding
his withdrawal from the ranks of
the One Big U.^lon. He resumed
his position of secretary of the
Winnipeg Central Labor Council
this week, following a three weeks'
holiday after an organizing trip
through Western Canada.
THE LARGEST EXCLUSIVE MEN'S AND BOYS* SHOE STORE
IN THE WEST
ia-Summer
SALE
See Our
Windows
MEN'S$10 and $12 OXFORDS .$4.95
MEN'S $10 to $15 BROWN AND BLACK
BOOTS ;. L $7.95
MEN'S WORK SHOES _,,._..: $4.45
CORNETT BROS. & CLARKE
LOOTED
Tha Men'a and Boys' Shoe Specialists.
33 HASTINGS STREET EAST
15-Day Close-Out Sale
Thla bit clothing Institution, with it* IB year* ot prestige for
Integrity and uprightness, again come* to the aid of the people
of Vancouver. No man can afford to miss thia sale—It's an
opportunity to secure good suits for Immediate and later wear
at an extraordinary saving.
Every Suit In the Store I* Included In This B
Absolutely Nothing Held Back
SUITS that        *i/< •>£ SUITS that
were $22.60 «PlO*f O were 127.61)	
SUITS that        *no fjm SUITS that
wtr* 187.50 9*__0*f O were M4.-0..
$28.75
D. K. BOOK
Close-out Sale).
$21.75
$36.75
CORRECT  CLOTHES
1S7 HASTINOS STREET W.
IDENT
Moacow—Miner*- generally and
the clerks and workers of the Kiko-
lajev railway station have placed
the result of several hours of free
labor at the disposal of the striking
English miners as a token of their
solidarity.
shell supplied as food aboard the
Highlander. The crews of the S.
S. Canadian Observer and the S. S.
Canadian Rover have legal cases
pending. Then, of courBe, the press
reports and the reports of the crow
of S. S. Canadian Voyager were
both unanimous in describing {he
frightful conditions, absolutely filthy. The management put up the
reason was sickness, and they were
not responsible for Bhips from Montreal. Two of the original crew
were able to survive until they got
to Vancouver. Four changes at
Baltimore, and five changes at Port
Arthur, Texas, and five changes at
Vancouver with all the members of
firemen and sailors demanding t(ielr
discharge In Vancouver. The very
common excuse is that the captains
of the vessels blame the management ashore, and vice versa.
While the strike is on, we are
very active in picketing the C. G.
M. M. ships, In co-operating with
the Sailors Union of the Pacific
branch ln Vancouver. There has
not been a ship of the C. O. M. M.
which has returned with the original crew owing to the conditions
aboard such ships.
We gave a report to the Vancouver Dally Sun which was bo badly
garbled that we enclose a copy of
what we gave them, and what they
printed.
Hoping you will give this the
greatest/publicity you can.
Yours for industrial freedom,
W. DONALDSON,
Secretary.
Marine Firemen & Oilers,
108 Main street,
Vancouver, B. C„
July 27th, Uii:
The Chiropractors
Editor B. C. Federationist: In
your Issue of July 16, you had a
letter from a man benefited by
chiropractic. Would you please
print mine? I was two years in
hospital, and when released, there
wasn't much left of me. It would
take half a page ln your paper to
give the scientific names of all the
different diseases I had. But about
three months ago I answered an ad.
In your paper by Dr. W. Lee Holder. I have been taking treatment
from him ever since, and am almost well. I am going to the
prniries In harvest, and hope to
take my place as 1 used to do.
I think chiropractic is wonderful.
In fact the only cure, and may the
time soon come when they may
practice without being made criminals.
Yours most sincerely,
F. C. STOCK.
Lynn Creek, B. C,
July 21, 1921.
Strike on Canadian Exporter Due to Wage
Cut and Conditions
The efforts to Becuro a crew for
the S. S. Canadian Exporter, had
not been successful at a late hour
on Thursday. The picketing, which
the Marine Firemen and Oilers are
carrying on being so successful that
the police were called In to order
them from the government dock.
Five firemen have been secured,
but the sailors have refused to
sign up, and unless aomethlng untoward haB happened since these
lines were penned, the Exporter
will still be ln dock.
The strike was called on this vessel as the result of a cut ln wages,
and the conditions on board. In
fact lf all stories are true'that are
circulated about the Canadian government merchant marine, the conditions are worse on the government vessels than any others sailing out of this port. The men are
confident of bringing the management to time.
Me i it-lie vlsis
Moscow—Rosta Wlen; The Tarn*,
bov papers publish numerous letters of workers who up till the present have belonged to the parties
of the Menchevlsts or the Social
Revolutionaries and who have now-
withdrawn from the party. , With'
Tambov these patties have lost.
last stronghold.	
thoir
■
SHOE REPAIRING
IMOX SHOP
Bring your work to a top-notcher.:
THOM'S
886 KING8WAY (Cor. Broadway)
"FELLOW-WORKES"
O. J. Mengel
Write* all -lasses of insurance. Representing only first-
class Board companies. If Insurance Is.wanted, write or
phone Sey. .626.
Ofllce address, 712 Board of
Trade Bldg,, Vancouver, B.C.
When through with thl* piper,
pass It on.
Dental Plates
a Specialty
Orovni, BrldgM sad rilllaii au*.
th. tun. .bill, si yenr attar*!
t____.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dental Art Establishment
ont* ORANvnxB stbekt
OUO Corner Robson
over Owl Dm* Store.   Soy. 6SS8
Labor and Socialist
literature
IN   ALL   LANGUAGES
can be obtained at
The International
Book Shop
Cor. HaBtings and Columbia
Malt' Orders Promptly
Attended to
Seattle Union Record carried
H. Walton
PROFESSIONAL MASSEUR
Specialist   In    Electrical   Treatment!,
Violet Ray snd Hl|h Frequency ttt
Rheumatism,   Sciatica, Lumbago, Par-
■lyall, Hair   ind   Sculp   Treatment*,
Chronic Allmenti.
810*811 CARTER-OOTTON BLDO.
Jhone  Seymour 2048
108 Haitian Street Wait.
Largest Wen's Store in the West
So Much More
for So-
Much Less
SUMMER CLEARANCE OP SUITS FOR
MEN AND YOUNG MEN
' You don't have to think of last year
to appreciate the economy you get
here now. We are giving you
unusual values. Come down and
see them tomorrow.
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Baok"
Wm. DICK Ltd.
45-47-49 Hastings Street East

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