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British Columbia Federationist Feb 15, 1924

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
.  Published in the Interests of All Wage-Earners ,  ♦vplW
[INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
SIXTEENTH YEAR.   No. ?~
IICAL UNITY-: VICTOBY
POUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 15, 1924
tin Florida for Members of' United
Brotherhood of Carpenters
and Joiners
11684-ACRE SITE IS SELECTED
[On Shores of Like Gibson, Near
Lakeland—About $6,000,000
for Construction
■rjFPICIALS of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of
lAmerica, who hove selected Lakeland,
■Florida, as the location for a nation .
£
5c A COPY
Founded Maroh, 1919—How First
One Was Formed on
Sept. 28, 1864
AN  HISTORICAL  SKETCH
Seoond International Predominantly Political in Character—Organized 1889
rpHERE is a Hne bit of historical
irony in the fact that the communistic organization, known as the
Third International, Snds its origin ln
\capltalistlcally promoted enterprise.
ftome for aged and disabled ineml ^_h N862 the second universal exhibi*
■of the order, have announced a pro
■posed expenditure of between 14,000,-
looo and {5,000,000 for the oonstruc-
|tion of the plant. The tract upon
which the new home will stand, which
■embraces 1684 acres of some of the
Jhighest and most fertile soil in Flor-
I Ida, according to an expert's investigation, was purchased for the sum of
1*632,393.
Lakeland wae selected for the home
■after inspection of sites offered by
■various towns and cities on the east
land west coasts of the state, lmme-
Idiately after the signing of the con-
Itract on January 1, 1924, William L.
■Hutcheson, president, announced that
■the buildings will be of Spanish type
■architecture. The guests of the in-
Istitutlon will be 'housed in comfort-
lable bungalows, he sild, each structure to accommodate between four
land eight persons. Meals wtll be ser-
Ived in a large central dining hall.
■Other structures to be erected include
church, laundry, administration
|buildlng, and a large auditorium
*\'here entertainments, shows, and
gatherings of various kinds will be
held.
The 1684-acre tract, costing 1632,-
393, 600 acres of which bears citrus
groves, Ib situated on the shores of
Lake Gibson, about two miles from
akeland, On the shores of the lake,
Und directly in front of the buildings,
■the brotherhood plans a tropical park,
|n which courts for various games WlU
constructed, such as bowling-on-
fche-green, horseshoe, and roque
Itourts.
The members of the executive com-
nittee of the United Brotherhood of
-arpenters  and  Joiners  of  America
lire: William L. Hutcheson, formerly
tiember of the War Labor board, general president; John T. Cosgrove, formerly president of the New Jersey
ittate Building council,  first genernl
T-lce-presldent; Frank Duffy, member
pf the Labor commission to the Peace
Conference at Paris and third vice-
president of the American Federation
pf Labor, general secretary; Thomas
Neale, formerly secretary of the Chi-
ago Building oouncll, general treas-
irer.
Representatives from the various
districts: T. M. Ouerin, formerly vice-
president of the New Tork Federation
Ef Labor; D. A. Post, formerly- president of the Pennsylvania state coun-
111 of carpenters; John H. Potts, formerly president of the Ohio state
louncil of carpenters; James P. Ogle-
Tee, member of the Florida Federa-
|),n of Labor; J. W. Williams, for-
\erly secretary of the! St. Louis coun-
(.1 of carpenters; W. A. Cole, active in
kbor circles on the Pacific coast, and
Lrtlvur Martel, formerly vlce-presl-
Tmt of the Canadian Trades and I*-
or congress.
Urge Aclon on Milk Analysis
1 Vancouver Trades and Labor coun-
, by letter, urged the city council to
f-tablltth the policy debatod last week
* the health committee, namely, the
jlblication In daily papers of the
lonthly report of milk*, samples ana-
|_ed by the city chemist. The letter
as referred to the health committee.
Musicians Will Hold Concert
| Vancouver city council have grant-
permission to the local Musicians'
fenevolcnt Bociety for a Sunday con-
|rt In lhe Orpheum theatre, to tako
on March 16th. It was
[tinted out by representatives that
|e proposed concert was to be purely
Ibeneflt one, for the relief of the Bick
bd burial of the dead belonging to
Ee society, and that no Individual
Tould profit directly by the entertainment. All talent will be donated, and
\sniny ls the only day on which mu-
plans can get together to hold suoh
fconcert.
Socialists ln Nanlmo Divided
I There Ib considerable .friction
-hong Nanaimo Socialists as to the
Jppointment of a .candidate for tho
|ext Provincial election. Mr. Prlt-
Jiard, who was nrought over from
■ancouver to address -a meeting a
Iw weeks ago as a prospective can-
Bdate, spoke again in Nanaimo on
bnday, but It is reported that he
Es by no moans got the unanimous
D'pport of the Socialists as there Is
T strong faction who favor T. Bar*
hrd, the old campaigner.
Policy of Education
I Labor stands for a policy of educa-
jon which is going to give us, not a
|dder from the elementary schools to
universities (with many rungs
jlocked out), but a broad high-road
Eat will give all children a chance
I develop to the full the talents which
\»d has given them, says S. F. Perry,
, P.
A_ *<is held in London. Business
n. %. ' ■ all parts of Europe gathered i... ' what has since been called "il.: -.atlonal of the Bourgeoisie."^ Nglish workman, at
that time, »\ -V odered to be without a peer, i _^n capitalists saw
clearly that their"own workmen eould
learn muoh In the workshops of the
British. They, therefore, proposed an
educational visit to Britain for the
laborers of France. Napolean III fell
in with the idea. German capitalists Joined in the undertaking, and
great numbers of workmen, as a result, were sent to London during the
exhibition.
Several events occurred, however,
that were not on the agenda. Karl
Marx, it happened, was living In London at that time. He realised, in
short order, what this gathering of
workers might mean. He utilized
every opportunity that offered, to
spread, among the visitors, his own
doctrines, particularly Mb conviction
that the workers of the world muBt
unite. As a result of the agitation,
begun while continental laborers
wero In England on this capitalistic
Junket, the International >vas formally launched, two years later, on
September 28, 1864, ln London. Delegates from England, France, Germany, Italy and Poland were in attendance,
The aim of this organization-
known as the International Work-
lngmen's association—Is set forth in
the statement of fundamentals written by Karl Marx and adopted at
this first gathering. As recorded by
John Spargo ln his life of Karl Marx,
the International was to speed the
day when, "like Blavery and feudal
serfdom," wage labor would be replaced by associated free labor. To
this socialistic end, "the working
class must, therefore, acquire political power, the mastery of the State,
and use it to obtain possession of tho
socially necessary means of product-
Ion. To acquire this political power
they must flrst of all unite, must take
nn Interest ln International politics,
watch the diplomacy of their governments closely, and uphold the simple
ruleB of morality In the relations of
private persons and of nations."
Twelve years after thiB meeting in
London, eleven men met ln the_ city
of Philadelphia. They constituted
the last congress of the First International, and formally dissolved the
organization, though not without a
reiteration in their final manifesto of
the ancient shibboleth: "Proletarians
of all countries, unite!" The opprobrium attaching to the International
as a result of its alleged part in the
Commune of Paris in 1871, coupled
with serious internal dissentlons,
brought about its collapse after It
had spread with tremendous rapidity
through Europe and had threatened
to overturn the existing order of
things in several countries.
The headquarters of the General
Council of the International had
been moved from London to New
York at a congress at The Hague in
1872, and tho dissolution of the organization was a consequence of its
dissociation from the European lar
bor situation, in the midst of which it
had flourished.
The Second International, which
was predominantly political in character, and represented a marked trimming of the radical sails under which
organized ln 1889 and Its buroau established in Brussels In 1900. The
German Social-Democratic Party was
the moving force in thla new organization, which was.much too reformist and not sufficiently revolutionary
to commend Itself to the forces that
had united in the JT Irst International.
The war proved the futility of the
world brotherhood preachments of
the Second International, and another
split occurred In Its ranks, the more
radical group forming the Third International.
The Third International, known
officially as the Communist International (Comintern), was founded in
March, 1919, in Moscow. Its promoters turned their faces resolutely
towarda the Ideals of Karl Marx and
the First International. The Socond
International—and all other organizations of loss ruddy hue—were
promptly outlawed. The Comlnterp,
though tt has no organic connection
with the Soviot Government of Russia, ilntls In that government the
nearest approach to a realization of
Its own ,ideals. ' Russia, therefore, Is
the seat of the executive committeo
and the meeting place for Its annual
congress. Some fifty-two nations
were represented at its last congreBs,
held In Moscow in December, 1922.
This, according to Its own spokesmen, "is the revolutionary interna-
(Continued on page 4)
INJURING AND RETARDING LABOR
Harassed, overburdened and discouraged horse (being driven to distraction  by Federal  and  Provincial Governments)—What's the  two,
until either they acquire common sense or the doss gives me sane   drivers.
IS'
A Vancouver Burns' Fellowship
Formed for Study of Scottish Bard's Works
Those who are In any, way interested in the lite and works of Robert
Burns will be glad to hear that a
soolety. Ixas heen formed in Vancouver
for the purpose of studying these. An
organization meeting was held on
Friday evening, when tjie Vancouver
Burns' Fellowship camo into existence. The moeting was very enthusiastic, those who attended expressing
thefr views favorably to the forming
of such an organization. The officers
chosen to guide the fellowship during
its flrst year are: President, P. M.
Carrick; flrst vice-president, Alexander McRae; second vice-president,
W. R. Dunlop; secretary-treasurer,
A. Fraser Reld; executive.: James
Taylor, John Mclnnes, Alexander
Thomson, John McDonald and David
Murray.
One of the main objects of the
fellowship ls to Inculcate a love for
the poems and songs of Burns in the
young, and to this end prizes will be
offered in the! various schools for
essays on poems to be selected. One
other objective aimed at. Is the erection of a statue to Scotland's premier
poet in Stanley Park, and it is hoped
that, with the co-operation of other
Scottish societies, this will be eventually accomplished.
The flrst meeting of the Burns' Fellowship will be held in the St. Andrew's rooms, 634 Dunsmuir street,
next Wednesday evening, when the
poem selected for special study ls
"The Twa Dogs." Everyone interested will be welcome at the meeting.
Burns was over the friend of the
worker, and, as an apostle of universal brotherhood, his teachings reach
the heart as that of no other writer.
Labor, therefore, ought to be glad of
the opportunity of intensive study of
his works under the guidance of such
a fellowship. The meeting will commence at 8 o'clock.
Rent Restrictions
"I want to call tho attention of the
house to the fact that the Rent Restrictions act wos passed in the Inter-
the First International set forth, waa'ests of the landlords, because it Was
passed largely by a landlord government. It Is resulting ln almost Intolerable hardship to many poor people," says Ernest Thurtle, M. P.
Prosent Social Order Not a Christian
One
Tom Richardson, ex-member of the
British house of commons, spoke before a large attendance at the Open
Forum of the First Congregational
church on Sunday afternoon. The
malln topic of Mr. Richardson's remarks was that socialism, like charity, begins at home, and that, if everyone followed the biblical rule to do
unto others as they would that others
would do to them, the present order
of things would soon be remedied.
Mr. Richardson also offered tho consolation that, if one lived right ln this
life, ho need have no worry about existence in the next world, Tho pro-
sent social order was by no means a
he contended.
Legislation Concerning
Health and Education
■»..tii|ii|ii|ii|ii|ii|iH..»ii|iHIHi.ti_|.H..>.>i.>ii|iHlltli|lHii|i
[The following is the flrst of a<
series of four articles by a well-known
local medical authority on proposed
legislation regarding health and education, and will appear in those columns from time to time.—Ed.]
rPHE DELEGATES to the Provincial
Party convention, to the number of
322, from every riding ln British Columbia, allotted a considerable portion of their time to the consideration
of ways and means of Improving legislation for the betterment of the health
and education of the people. The result is contained in four resolutions
bearing on the more important aspects.   The first of these Is—
Modical Examination
No. 24. Resolved, that medical examination be made of all persons
preparing food for consumption in
pttbllc places.
Few realize the danger to which one
may be exposed to the spread of certain Infectious diseases, by those serving food in public places. Germs are
like all plants and animals; they must
have suitable food, temperature, and
other conditions, In which to thrive.
Those dangerous to health are such as
flnd suitable conditions In the human
frame, and which by reason of their
destructive or poisonous properties injuriously affect persona whose resistance to that particular kind of germ,
and at that particular time, iB low.
such an individual, receiving what ls
termed a massive dose of disease
germs, fresh from another Individual
who is harboring the germs of that
certain disease, may, after what Js
called an incubation period, during
which time the germs are multiplying ln the body, take down with that
particular disease.
. Why is It with certain contagious
diseases, that a person after recovering from an attack, ls immune to that
disease, for a greater or lesser length
of time, sometimes for life?
Why Is It that an infant ls Immune
to eortain diseases, for a varying
length of time, and may then become
susceptible ?
When the body is entered by certain contagious disease germs, one of
three things happens to them, namely:
1. They set up the disease In the
individual. When a person suffers
from a disease, and overcomes It, the
powers set up that destroyed the
germs, may persist, giving acquired
immunity. This acquired Immunity
to that disease, may be handed on by
a mother to her ohild—furnishing It
with so-called congenita^ immunity.
This may persist for a varying length
Poor: Hcnmiwe They Work
"We Bay thnt, broadly speaking, tho
mass of the poople of this country
who are poor aro not poor because
they do not work; they are poor because thoy do work. In the main, those
who are In possession of great riches
do not enjoy their property as the result of persistent personal endeavor,"
says J, R. Clynes, M. p.
Trust tho pooplo—the wise and the
Ignorant, tho good and the bad—with
gravest questions, and In the end you
educate tho race. At the samo timo
you secure not perfoct institutions,
not necessarily goad onotil but tho best
Institutions possible, while human nature Is the basis and the onlj^matorlat
to build with. Men aro educated and
tho state uplifted by allowing all—
everyone—to broach all their mistakes and advocate all their errors.
The community that will not protect
Its most Ignorant and unpopular mom
ber In the free utterance of his
opinions, no matter how false and
hateful, Is only a gang of slaves.
Wendall Phillips.
of time, and accounts for Infants exposed to certain diseases, not succumbing, to them, until such time as the
immune substances passed on from
mother to child, disappears, thus rendering the child later on, susceptible.
2. They aire destroyed in the system. When a person's system contains the means of resisting them, he
or she Is said to be immune to that
• 3. The disease germs may neither
be destroyed, or cause the disease,
but may remain alive in some part of
the person, without setting up the
particular disease characteristic of the
germs. The Individual has sufflclent
immunity to protect Itself from the
disease, yet for various reasons may
not be able to destroy them at the site
of entry, but only inhabit their flourishing ln the system. Suoh a person
while not suffering from the disease,
harbors the germs, and may pass them
on to another individual who ls susceptible, or not Immune, and who
therefore succumbs to the disease.
The farmer person Is spoken of as a
carrier, and he or she Is one who is a
great menace to the public.
It Is to eliminate such persons from
employment in this capacity where
they would do most harm, namely,
handling food in public eating places,
that the Provincial party has pledged
itself to try to minimize the danger,
along the line outlined In the above
resolution.
In addition to these so-called carriers, a person who has boen infected,
but Is in the so-called incubation
period before taking down with the
disease, may pass the living germs on
to another, while yet unconscious ot
the fact that he will be taken down
with that disease In a few days, ns for
example in measles.
In like manner, a person may have
had the disease, recovered by establishing general Immunity, yet during
a varying period thereafter, be capable of handing on the disease, before
the germs have been killed at the
point of entry—for example, in diphtheria, where tho patient hns recovered, but still carries living berms In
tho throat. That Is why quarantine
Is continued in diphtheria, until throat
swabs show that all the germs have
been destroyed.
Examples of diseases which have
been proved to spread by carriers are
numerous. One we will cite where a
whole epidemic of typhoid fever was
traced to a> so-called typhoid-carrier.
This was in California a few years
ago, when the state authorities traced
every case of typhoid In that epidemic
to its source. It was found that every
case had shown direct contact with
individuals suffering from typhoid
fever, who had been at a certain
church social. All these original cases
were found to have partaken ln common of a large meat pie, and that the
maker of thc meat pie was a typhoid-
carrier, having harbored the living
germs, over since recovering from nn
at!fl.ck of typhoid fever.
To spread tuberculosis, a coot suffering therefrom, may pass, and hpfl
beon found to pass on the disease to a
partaker of food, through a fresh
transference of a so-called massive
dose of germs, at a time when the individual was In a state of lowered resistance to lhat disense.
To illustrate the possibility of the
spread af the so-called social disease,
syphillis, ono need only cite tho proved case recorded by a well-known
physician, as follows: A pedestrian
was struck with a whip end, flicked
by a passing driver at his horse. By
phlllis developed at   the   site   of  the
WiU Earn Support and Respect of
Masses—Address by Mr.
Richardson, ex-M.P.
On Sunday evening, at .a well-attended meeting of tbe Federated ILabor party, a most interesting talk was
given by Tom Richardson on "Ramsay Macdonald—the Man of Today."
Mr. Richardson was for some years a
member of the British house of commons, and there was intimately associated with Macdonald. He was, therefore, able to treat his audience to a
most interesting and Instructive address on England's flrst labor premier.
He assured hfs audience that labor
had, in the person et the premier, a
man who could be trusted to guide the
labor party to a position of power and
security, and in a manner in keeping
with the Ideals and aspirations of the
great mass of the workers; that he
was keen and alert to the many difficulties that the labor party would
have to face, holding the position that
they do today in England; that, although by virtue of his-party not having a majority ln the house of commons with him, his task was not an
easy one, but was one fraught with
danger, nevertheless he felt it was his
duty of labor to take the reins of
power in their hands and, so conduct
themselves that they would earn the
support and respect ott thc great
masses, by their conduct and further,
they would make what contribution
they could for the betterment of mankind, while the labor party was In
power. Mr. Richardson further stated
to his hearers that they might rest
assured that, In the flght for the Ideals
for which labor stood, they had in Prc-
mlor Macdonald a man who would
not compromise, but wou Id choose
rnther to go down to defeat, having
honorably acquitted himself of the
task It was hiB duty to perf01711.
Civil Service Smoker
The Vnncouver brnnch of Federal
Civil Servants will have nn opportunity to enjoy themselves to the full at
the big smoking concert to be held
this evening In tho Native Sons' hall,
Granville street. The programme Is
certainly a varied one. Addresses will
be given by local members of parliament, while songs nnd music will delight the aesthetic side of the smoker.
Refreshments will be served. The
Civil service "economy" enmpaign, bonus, salary revision, superannuation,
and other matters will be discussed at
a mass mooting, which will be held
just previous to the smoker. Messrs.
H. H. Stevens, Leon J. Ladner, T, S.
McBride and W. L. McQunrrie have
promised to speak.
Label Leaguo Dunce
The regular monthly dance of the
Allied Label league will bo held this
evening in the Cotillion hnll, corner
of Granville and Davie streets. Whist
prizes will be offered as usual, nnd
dancing will commence at 9 o'clock.
Oo-ooperative Loan System Proves
Aid to Homo-builders in
United States
THE CAPITAL IS 18,500,000,000
abrasion. Invostigntlon showed that
the driver had acllvo syphlllltlc les
ions In his mouth, and waa in tho ha
bit of sucking the whip-end In his
mouth, und, from time to time, flick
fug his horso with it.
Tho Provincial Party has pledged
Itself to endeavor lo socure power io
require everyone preparing food for
consumption in public places, to bo
examined by a competent person to
make sure that he or she is not a
menace to others by reaaon of suffering from or carrying germs of certain diseases which are known to be
spread in this manner.
Survey Shows What Associations
Have Done for Persons with
"Limited Means"
/""O-OPERATIVB building and loan
associations in the United States,
numbering more than 10,000, have a
combined capital of -13,500,000,000,
and have provided homes for more
than 5,000,000 families of limited
means, according to the American
Savings, Building and Loan institute,
established at Kansas City, Mo., to atd
the building ami loan movement The
total savings In all savings institutions Included in the comptroller's report was $13,381,611,000. The combined savings In the mutuals and
building loan associations, on the
same date, was $8,677,367,621, In
purely co-operative Institutions. Thla
aum Is thus In excess of half th<*sav-
ings In all the savings Institutions in
the United States. From these facts,
it is pointed out that in thla form of
finance at least, co-operation ln management and In the distribution of Income from the investment of savings,
Is believed in and successfully practiced.
The institute is a non-profit educational undertaking and Its expenses
have been provided largely by lumbering associations. These associations, while in a position to derive a
benefit therefrom, are first of all convinced of th« economical and social
necessity of this thrift movement.
The institute Is designed to render
to the building and loan movement
the same service that the American
Institute of Banking has long rendered to the banking Institutions of the
country. Organised as a non-profit,
non-capitalised, educational corporation, its policies are under the direction of ah executive committee, Including representatives of various
state building and loan leagues.
Membership of 7,000,000
Regardless of variation in name and
prevalent lack of standardisation of
laws, rules and methods, a distinguishing feature of the association is its
adaptability to the distinct purpose of
providing revolving funds for home
building or home buying, on easy
terms of repayment through amortization, or systematic partial payments. To define a building and loan
association Is to recite Its purpose
which are primarily to encourage
thrift and to assist ln providing homes
through loaning accumulated funds to
members, the Interest earned from
the loans being distributed among the
savings and borrowing members on an
equitable basis.
With few exceptions, associations
are not permitted to engage In actual
building. When the flrst association
was organized in 1331, In Frankford,
Pa„ now a part of Philadelphia, Its
members were all desirous of securing loans ln turn; but as the business
has cxpnnded to meet the needs of
borrowers, lt has been found desirable to' encourage the use of these
{associations as genernl savings depositories, ln order to increase the funds
for loaning, and as u result, the last
published statistics show a combined
membership of 7,000,000 people.
The original plnn of periodically assembling members for the payments
of "duos" on "shares," and the allotment of loans, aB practiced in the flrst
association. Is still followed In many
associations In the Eastern United
States, while on the other hand, many
associations are operated with all tho
conveniences or other flnanclal Institutions, and maintain regular business
hours.
Frank A. Chase, educational director of the Institute, hns bad placed at
his disposal the facilities of thc Institute for Research In Land Economics
and Public Utilities at Madison, Wis.,
under thc direction of Dr. Richard T.
Ely, noted economist and hoad of the
department of economics at the university of Wisconsin. Extensive research has been started for the production of standard building and loan
textbooks, and Dr. Ely, as editor-in-
chief, has announced that the flrst
valume will appear within six months.
Prof. H. F. Clark of the university of
Wisconsin, Ib collaborating with Mr.
Choso, and further assistance In the
development of tho educational programme haB been given by Miss Ann
E. Rae, president of tho United Stato
League of Local Building and Loan
associations.
Already the neod for additional volumes to cover specific phases of the
subject, Is Indicated, including a comprehensive work on building and loan
law, applicable to the needs of tho entire country, but the prosent offort Is
to produco a work that is so genernl
In character, so definite ln information, and yet so simplified in treatment as to be helpful to building and
lonn workera, students nnd tho public
alike.
•Juvenile  I'lit'illplojllU'lU
The policy of the tory government
with regard to Juvenile unemployment
has been ungenerous, unsympathetic,
casual and unimaginative, says W. W,
Henderson, M. P,
Fuultflndors are never out of n Job PAGE TWO
sixteenth year.   No. 7 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b«o.
British Columbia Federationist
Published every Friday by
The   Britlah  Columbia   Federatlonist
Business and Editorial Offico, 1129 Howe St.
 Editor:   George Bartley	
Subscription Rate: United Statos and Foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.60 per
year, $1.50 for alx montlm; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per member per
month.	
FRIDAY February 16, 1924
A CALL TO DUTY
rC HAS BEEN sold that, It you would
have a thing- done well, you must do
it yourself. It is undoubtedly true.
Let us all take the advice to heart, for
tho time has now arrived when we
are soon going ta be called upon to
elect members to the house of parliament at Victoria. Upon the shoulders
of these will rest the responsibility of
our government for the next Ave years.
There is no more responsible task for
ub to perform than that of choosing
these representatives. Let us see to it
that we do it ourselves, or at least do
our part. Men and women, workers
everywhere, do your duty—do it now,
See that your name Is on tho voters'
list not later than tho 20th of this
month. If you neglect so fundamen
tal a duty on your part it ill becomes
you to complain of any maladministration on the part of the representatives you took no part in choosing, al*
though you had the opportunity. Do
your duty now. See that your name
is on the voters' Ust. When you have
done that, you will be in a position to
do your duty when called upon to cast
your vote on election day.
MERCHANTS ANO UNIONS
WHAT DOES a strong and sane
local labor movement mean to the
merchant? Just this: It means that
the wage worker has enough to spend
for the necessaries and some luxuries
in lire, a fifty-dollar suit Instead of a
twenty-dollar one, a five-dollar hat instead of a two-dollar one, better furniture at home with other comforts,
good seats at tha theatres and a little
saved against future debt accumulation, A poorly paid worker is akin to
the pauper—that Is, he Is a poor customer at best, ovon if he can renfain
honest and pay his debts.
REWARD OF PERSISTENCY
INCH BY INCH tho labor movemont
has advanced from the depths ot
disgraceful working conditions, until
today, with head well above the level
of the surface, it fearlessly demands
justice for the toller without heed to
the 'prestige, power or Influence of the
oppressor. The rood over which the
hosts of toil have marched through
the years may not have been
smoothly paved to encourage
them, yet there has been only
an occasional laggard faint-heart'
ed enough to quit because of the tremendous distance separating them
from the desired goal. Fortunately
for the unnumbered millions who occupy humble stations in the army of
toll, those who stop to the fore from
the ranks and beckon them onward
In the Btruggle are usually as tireless
as the tide and as courageous as the
lion. Only such men can stand up
under the pressure ef such a ceaseless
and furious contest. Only mon with
Iron wilts, steel nerves, and true-beating hearts are capable of bearing such
burdens, but the toller has found In
his ranks an abundant supply of just
such men and as a direct consequence
the progress of tho labor movement
has been so great as to astound and
paralyze its opponents.
HHHJMRII
Vancouver Building Trades Report Increase in Membership
—Unions Active
Vancouver Building Trades committee, with William Dunn in the
chair, met on Tuesday evening at
local labor headquarters. There waa
a good average attendance, all locals
being represented with one exception.
The Sheet Metal Workers reported
that their men. wortng on No. 1 grain
elevator, were not receiving1 the wages
oalled for by the fair wage clause in
the contract. It was decided Anally
to ask the Trades and Labor council
to take a hand In this matter, with
the assistance of all locals in the
building trades.
A letter was read from the Trades
Union Educational league, asking the
support of the building trades by sub
scription to their official publication,
The Progressive • Building Trades
Worker. Afer some discussion, the
letter was flled.
Ro the use of a working button, the
majority of the workers seemed to be
against this, In their opinion, the
customary working oard was muoh
more effective.
A copy of a letter, sent to Burrard
Tunnel & Bridge company by the
various unions in the building trades,
was read. This lettor drow attention
to tho fact that the Northorn Construction oompany were working men
48 hours per week, against the 44
hours recognized as thc working wook
in the distriel, asking the contractors
to observe tho fair-wage clause, and
post a copy of wage list on the Job.
It was left In the bonds of tbe secretaries of the various locals affected to
continuo this work.     .
Reports from thp various locals Indicate a healthy increase In membership. Whilo conditions aro by no
means as bright o** thoy might be,
there is a noticeable improvement,
and better things are expected within
even the noxt fow weeks.
Social and Economic Problems of Today
May We Look to Labor to Solve Them?
Brief Summary of an Address Delivered by Dr. Lyle Telford to the
Federated Labor Party.
LETTERS TO
0F
F all the acts of men, said Dr. Tel-^wlth this for the moment. 'How are
we going to overcome this obvious
difficulty? Is it not by making those
machines work for us all, instead ot
ln the interests of a few ? As it is to
day, the few who own these wonderful
machines are doing what we should be
doing—that Is. resting while they uso
up the surplus that you may have
produced for them through the use
of the machines. The mass must be
placed In the position that the few
are In to-day. They must own and
control the means of wealth product-
Ion!
Social unrest will always exlat so
long as we fait to allow men and
women an opportunity to fulfill their
most primitive instinct. All the
policemen in the world could never
keep peace so long ae men and women
are starving, or natrons are in distress from a similar cause.
Crime, I will grant you, is not nt
all times the outcome of want or the
inability to procure that which might
be necessary to the well-being of the
criminal. A large part of what we
ordinarily choose to class as crime
is simply an effort on the part of
men and women to provide themselves
with the necessities of life, and, having been forced Into'such a meanB
of earning their llvlihood and* having
been caught and classed as a orlmin
al, they give up what little respect
they might once have had and let
everything go by the board. "What
Is the use?" thej; say. After all, are
they to blame? Is there not just a
little responsibility resting upon us?
I think so. - •
To help solve the many problems
of unemployment facing us these
daya, I saw by the papers the other
day that the government at Ottawa
has had another thought. They are
thinking, of asking the heads of some
departments to let out some of their
help. They are going to make the
country so much richer by so doing.
By reducing the purchasing power
of these people to nothing, they are
going to help the business of the
eountry and bring prosperity. That
thought Is Just about as bright ns
any the# have ever had. How long,
X ask you, are we as a people going
.to stand for such bmins at the head
of our„country?
* Of all the blundering stupidities
you and I have fallen heir to, It is
our banking and oredit system.
There is, perhaps, no better method
ever devised to render us mere tools
and puppets in the hands of the big
flnanclal interests than our present
banking and credit system. We have
allowed an institution which, more
than any other, should be under the
control of the government, to become
merely a private profit-making enterprise. - They have it ln their power
to give us prosperity or hard times.
They can lead you into a trap and
then crush out your life ^when you
least suspect such a move. They
allow a few shekels to slip through
their fingers and. when you lean to
pick them up, they crush you and
rob you of what little you have had,
then turn you loose, penniless, to
face  the  world  again,
There is a great deal of discontent
due, I take it, to other causes than
unemployment. The unrest ls equally
as real, though perhaps not so noticeable. How many men and women
to-day are doing the work they most
enjoy? Is it not true that the vast
majority are doing some work that
they, through force of circumstances
have had to take against their will?
They are forced to do aome work to
earn a living, no mattor whether they
like that work or not. Not until men
and women are reasonably free agents
Jn the choopfng of their vocations in
life will we ever havo contentment
to the extent that this is really possible.
Men to-day are as truly slaves as
they have ever been, with less protection than they have ever had. In
olden days, when a man was a slave,
it was to the interest of his master
to see that his staves were well looked
after if he would get the most out of
them. To-day that Is not so. The
employers of labor know that they
can go to the labor market any time
and get any men they want, and that,
by paying them a certain amount for
a few days, they can get the work
dono they desire. They accept no
responsibility as far as the man Is
concerned, and he Is left to shift for
himself as best he may.
The battle is on, the battle to break
down the autocracy of property—the
right of a man to do what he will with
his own. When the Oolden Rule becomes truly possible tn our everyday
life, then alone will Labor have reach
ed the goal of her endeavor.
ford, repentenoe is the most divine. It has been said that "Slavery
is the child of ignorance." With that
I most heartily agree, It has nlso
been said that "Liberty is the child
of Intelligence;" with that, I am sure,
we are all in full accord.
For every effect there must be a
cause- When we look about us today and see what we choose to call
"great social and economic distress"
it is only natural that any and all
healthy and enquiring minds search
for the cause. At no time in the history of the world has there been more
unrest than there is to-day. Never
has there been more unemployment,
with all Its accompanying Ills; never
has there been more discontent; never
more slavery of the great mass of
people; never higher and more over
burdening taxation; and never has
there been more talk of impending
catastrophe, of a great and horrible
war—the like of which we have never
dreamed of, than there Is today. Alt
this occurs when we are living in
what we are pleased to call an en
lightened  age.
I doubt If this enlightenment has
made itself discernible to many of
us yet; this I do feel, that, ere many
years have come and gone, real en-
lightenment will dawn upon the hu.
man race, that our hearts and souls
will be stirred, that we will feel Its
quickening Impulse and will arise and
go forward Into the ranks with those
grand and noble souls who have been
pioneering in all the great and glorious movements for human liberty.
Too often have we been told that
many of our social evils are necessary. There is no evil that is necessary. Evil begets evil, Qood begets good, not evil. .It Is there-*
foro Incumbent upon you and
me to find the cause underlying
the many and varied social evils that
exist to-day. No words, no matter
how fluently they might flow from
the lips of the ablest exponents of
capitalism ln its various forms, can
make us close our eyes entirely to
the wretchedness and squalor lt has
loft us as Its portion, I am sure that
•aatan must look in envy upon thotfe
wii'i devised such a system as we have
with us to-day; when he sees how
perfectly it has been organized to
produce human suffering, misery and
want, he must feel ashamed.
Let us deal with the various features causing this great unrest. Unemployment, creating as It does the
greater part'of the difficulty we have
to face, should naturally attract our
attention flrst, although it would
seem to be the last to receive the attention of the captains of Industry
and the leaders of our governments.
Lack of accessibility to the means of
wealth production, by the great mass
of humanity—In mother words, private ownership of out lands, our
mines, our forests, our fisheries, our
factories and our means of transporting our needs—this is one great obstacle confronting every one of us.
This is what retards the progress of
humanity towards the goal that every
socialist, every true labor man would
strive for. These so-culled captains
of industry are .the greatest obstacles
to human happiness and progress that
the world has ever known. They,
through every camouflage known to
themselves, try and make you and
me believo that'we-are co-partners
In this great and glorious country, that
we are Immensely wealthy and do not
know It, that we are the owners of
unbounded forests, the possessors of
fertile fields, that the vast mineral
resources of thia country are all ours.
It Is nothing mme ihan sheer trickery put forward, consciously or unconsciously, as such by them. Not
until we are really the owners, until we are really co-p;n*tnor3 in thiB
groat /vjuntry, in the world, are *v/e
going lo (rest upon < u uars, Then
only will it-bo possible for all who are
willing, and able, to have at least the
necessary opportunities to provide
the essentials lu this life—for themselves and their loved ones.
Then we might justly and fairly
say, "If a man will not work, neither
shall he eat." As the system is today, we aay to men. "You cannot
work; there la none to be done." The
only right they appear to have ls the
right to starve, while others live in
luxury. Some wonder why we have
radical men and women developing as
we have, My great wonder ls that
we have not had many, many more,
that men and women are so docile and
apparently content to live as they
are doing.
There is, however, a ray of sunshine
looming In the distant horizon, over
yonder In old England. There the
sun Is rising; let us hope that some
life-giving energy may radiate from
that grand and noble body of pioneers,
fighting for liborty over yonder, and
may thoy impart to us here and now,
a new vigorous manhood and woman
hood which will arise to humanity's
call.
Aside from tho fact that our natural resources are owned and controlled by the few. to the detriment
of the many, we must consider the
means of wealth production. Machinery, as you woll know, is playing
an enormous part in unemployment,
one man to-day can do what It might
hwvo taken twonty-flve or a hundred
to do In tho years gong by. Machines
are doing tho work of production
whilo men and women are being
thrown inlo tho discard—4ft spite of
the fact that thoy, the men and womon, havo no othor moans by which
to live than by offorlng their services
to Homoono else. Those sorvlcos
are not needed, thus we have unemployment. There aro many other
factors, I know, but    I am    dealing
You mar wish to help The Federatlonist. Ton ean do so br renewing
your subscription promptly and send'
Ing In the subscription of your friend
or neighbor,
TO THE MEMBERS OF
LABOR
ORGANIZATIONS
Boost for
The Fed.
OUK CIRCULATION IS
INCREASING
GET ANOTHER
NEW SUBSCRIBER
(The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents ore not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatloniat, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is accepted by the management.]
"Grafting: Cllqulsm"
Editor B. C. Federaionlst: Too
much cllqulsm in the unlona, as well
As in central bodies, ls one of the
curses heaped upon labor in this
country. In a greoit measure, this Is
due to the apathy of the rank and
flle that seemingly take little or no
Interest in • unionism. The same old
crowd are returned to offlce year after
year, till <they seem to believe that
they hold ofllce by "divine right,
Then there are the paid offlce jobs.
The fellows who go after these have
their coteries of followers, who ore
ever ready to sing their praises. Of
course, the big stunts are pulled off
at elections for public office. There
you are. Can't you see a hole through
a hQop?_ What are you going to do
about it, you ask? Well, one thing I
think would help to break up the
clique would be not to allow an elec
tive officer to serve for more than one
term tn four yenrs. In the case of the
Trades and Labor council, I would do
away with the office Of president, by
electing a different chairman at each
meeting. ' Regarding the secretary;
ship, I would hire an outsider altogether, a custom very much in vogue
In Australia, who would do his work
and mind his own business. Grafting
cllqulsm Is damning the continent'
wide labor movement today. Hoping
you will flnd space for these suggestions In your valuable labor paper,
AN EX-DELEGATE.
Vancouver, B. C, Feb. 13, 1924.
Peace and Plenty
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: We are
now living In a wonderful age of in
dustrial development and productive
efficiency greater than history has
any record of.
We have all the products and transportation facilities we need and a
capacity to produce much more.
From almost everywhere we hear
of and see people in distress and in
need of something and from almost
nowhere do we receive glad greetings
from people In a condition of peace
and plenty, in spite of our great productive efficiency.
In view of this fact, I believe it our
duty to try to understand what is
wrong and then to endeavor to. make
right that which is wrong,
Everybody complains of their over
head expenses being too lairge, their
Interest bills, debts and taxes unbearable. None of these evils can serve a
noble purpose in a true civilization,
because their functions are not necessary, and are now blocking our way
and preventing us from enjoying
peace and plenty.
Then why not balnlsh these evils
from our midst and enjoy to qur
heart's content the greatness of our
ability to provide in abundance of the
essentials of life and happiness.
The law of reward Is: Render unto
each according to her or his need and
ability to serve. This being true,
debts, interest and taxes have no
logical excuse for their existence
whatever.
-Then let us In a constitutional man.
ner forget these evils and enjoy our
own greatness with happineBs through
the following method:
1. Cancel aU debts, taxes, charters
and laws.
To transfer the ownership of
public utilities, etc., to a condition of
public ownership for public service.
3. Put into operation induatrlal
group representation for the administration of public affairs in general.
4. Abolish general elections and
senate.
This merely means that all our sins
shall be forgiven In order that we
may livo In peace and plenty.
Then let us forget all such notions
as finance reforms, wheat pools, tariffs, reciprocity and strikes, as none
of these are necessary nor can they
promote our welfare with a true civilization, baaed on the two fundamental principles that our civilization
rests on, which are need and service,
no more, no less, and he who will not
serve, neither shall he be served.
Our greatness is due to the endeavors of all the people so we need not
discriminate. AU we need to do ls to
receive this great milllnlum that Is
here now knocking at our door of Intelligence, with open arms and enjoy
the fruits of our own endeavors to
our heart's content.
This may seem strange to many
people, but facts WlU be facts what
ever people miay thlftk. The time has
now come when we can go no farther
nor meet our obligations, such as they
are, so thank goodness, we have no
other choice..
There may be some confusion in
the minds of some people as to the
advisability of doing away with
money, Interest, taxes, "price, etc., but
the fact still remains that there has
never been in the history of our civilization a condition of fair dealing In
the production and distribution of the
essentials of life and instead of condltlona getting better in this respect,
they are getting worse and nobody
has yet developed a scheme, whereby
production and distribution can be
carried on, on a monetary basis and
give justice to the people ln general
Then it seems only logical to say
we should abolish these evils ln order
that we may have production and
distribution ln harmony with the fun.
damental principles upon which clvi
ligation rests which is need and service.
And we are now In the best position we have ever been In to do this,
as we can render more service than
we need, due to the development of
dur industrial machinery and facilities
of transportation.
And further the pleasant feature Ib,
that it Is not necessary to have any
strive. In order to accomplish what I
recommend, and further I feel quite
sure we have no other choice, so we
will be farced to do this through economic necessity.
Then I ask you one and all to vlsi-
llze conditions, wherein your needs
would be satisfied to the full extent
of your country's ability to do bo,
which I am glad to know Js very great
and can easily be made Btill greater,
In consideration for you rendering
such service as you are qualified to
do, and this condition shall be worldwide if we, so wish.
MELVIN HOUGH.
Camrose, Alta., Feb. 12, 1924.
FRIDAT February IB, 1924
Orpheum Oilers Delightful Bill
There's a new bill opening at the
Orpheum next Wednesday night that
will delight the heart of every voude-
villian, for It la replete with- excellent
headline features. Frank Farnum,
America's most famous eccentric dancer, is bringing his big "Youthful Revue" of fifteen people and also his
own orchestra. The Stuart Sisters are
also featured, and in ten brilliant
numbers, the revue resolves itself into
a musical and dancing classic. It is a
breezy, happy melange, hall marked
and bound to please-all, well staged,
costumed and presented. Next is Ernest R. Ball, who. as everyone knows,
is one of the foremost song writers
and composers on this continent today, Wherevor there is music of any
sort, Ernest Ball productions are to
he found. Withal, he Is a finished
pianist, and sings his own songs very
pleasingly.
A third real treat Is promised by
John T. Murray and Vivien Oakland,
stars in many Broadway successes,
and also screen favorites. They have
a brilliant and refreshing combination
of songs and fun, serious and satire,
Raymond Bond, with a capable supporting cast, will produce his latest
sketch "The Minute' Man." Instant
popularity haa boen accorded this act
wherever it has appeared. Tabor and
Greene, "Two Dark Knights," have
flne voices and a never-falling fund
If real wholesome humor. Clemens
Belling brings hla jolly little family
of two and four-footed pals, all of
whom participate In a pleasant pantomimic novelty. Remos and company
demonstrate that there decidedly Is
something new ln equilibrlstlo novelties, and their act is a welcome thrill
from start to finish. This excellent
bill is completed with the uaual picture attractions and selections by the
original concert orchestra.
Islanders Celebrate Labor Government
In commemoration of the foundation of the flrst Labor government ln
Great Britain, labor sympathizers
gathered to the number of over 800 In
St. John's Ambulance hall, Nanaimo,
on Tuesday evening. Highly enthusiastic as to the outlook for labor ln
the old land, the party celebrated the
BURNING STOMACH
Believed in two urinates with
JO-TO
Jo-To relieves ill pains, acid stomach, heartburn, after-eating distress, and all forma of
Indigestion quickly, without harm.
AU DWf Stem
Purity First
•*T»HROUGH every process in the
-*- brewing of "Cascade" runs-the
predominating thought of "purity"
—it jealously guards its right to be
classed as a "pure tonic beverage."
Think of that when buying been—
then you'll INSIST on "Cascade."
VANCOUVER BREWERIES
This advertisement Is not published or
displayed by the Liquor Control Board or
by the Government ot British Columbia,
!7SS>_
sasSf'
*M£Wtf"
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
oNj^» Handbags
Offer a Wide Scope
for Selection
At Such Moderate Prices as
$2.95, $3.95 and $4.95
SO MANY of them that the only way in which one
can get an adequate idea of their variety is to
sec them. There are plain tailored and pouch
styles and also the latest under-arm bags in morocco,
beaver, calfskin, silk, moire and crocodile. Black
brown, bronze and grey are featured. View these
bags. Note thc values at 82.95, S3.95 and
$4.95.
—Drysdale's Leather Goods Shop, First floor
575 OranviUe Street
Phone Seymour 8540
accession of labor to power by a concert, supper and dance, Sam Outhrle,
M. L. A., and Mrs. T. Barnard spoke
briefly, and an enjoyable musical programme was contributed by Thomas
Allan, Douglas Manson, Miss Magoni,
Mrs. A. Brown, Mr. and Miss Ruzicka
and Mr. Pilgrim.
A little too late is much too late.
Final Sale of Winter Stock
Crashing   Reductions
Complete Clearance Imperative
'VERY garment must go—nothing hold
—' over,lor next Benson. If you want
great bargains, visit this salo todny.
tOJtlOUS    SUIT CO. Ltd.
623 HASTINOS STBEET WBST
E
Ring np Phone Sermonr ISM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suit*   801   Dominion   Bulldlnf
VANCOUVER, B. C.
QUICK ACTION find ACCURACY are
what oeo depends upon when piecing
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B. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPANY
HAVE yon evor had a real drink
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To meet the desires of many clients,
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FIRST CHURCH OF
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1160 Georgia Street
Bunday sfrvieea, 11 a.m. and TtSO p.m.
Sunday school Immediately following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room,
901*008 Birks Bldg.
B. F. Harrison
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING 00,, LTD.
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aja snrmwAT    vasoodtm, ao.
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i»%  CORDOVA STREET BAST
Everything Modern
Ratea Reasonable
EMPIRE CAFE
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HASTINGS  AND   COLUMBIA   STI
Union Batik of Canada
CAPITAL
-1.8,000,000
RESERVE and UNDIVIDED
PROFITS     2,067,074
TOTAL ASSETS 128,299,679
The Bank's Annual Statement has just been issued and
copies thereof are available for anyone, on application, at any
branch qf the bulk.
NEW BOOK
By BERNARD MoEVOY
"Diogenes" of the Vanoouver Daily Provinoe
VERSES FOR MY
FRIENDS
A SPLENDID PRESENT.   AT ALL BOOKSTORES
Prioe, Oloth $1.60; Paper, $1.00 IPRIDAY ...February 15, 1924
SIXTEENTH YEAR.      No. 7
BRITISH COLUMBIA PEDBRATIONIST Vancouver, b. a
PAGE THREE
INvaW you can have one of my
Expression Plates
LENINE
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A Personal Impression
V*
By moans of this celebrated pl&te I will restore your natural, youthful expression, at
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This plate is correctly and individually
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scientific and artistic dentistry. Seize this
grand chance whilst prices are at their
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I make no charge for extractions by my safe,
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ordered.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Formerly member of the faculty of the College of Dentietry, University ot Southern California; lecturer on crown and bridgework;
demonstrator in plateffork and operative dentistry, local and gen
eral anaesthesia.
602 Hastings Street West Phone, Seymour 3331
Corner Seymour—Dank of Nova Scotia Building
Opon Wednesday Afternoon, Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVER TRADES AMD LABOB
Council —President, B. H. Meelands, M.
It, A.; general secretary, Percy B. Bengough.
OBce: 808 Holden Building. Phone Bey.
|71»6. Heeta ln labor Ball At ■ p.m. oa
As flrst and third Tuesdays to month.
u_u_ED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL—
lleeta aecond Monday In the montb.   Pre*
»ldent, J, R. White; secretary, B. H. Heel-
, P. 0. Boi 66.
EDERATED LABOB PARTY, Boom 111—
819 Pender St. West—Business meetinga
vary Wednesday evening. A. llaelnnls,
lalrmau; E, H. Uorriaon, aec-treaa.; Oeo*
. Harrison, 1188 Parker Street, Vancouver,
0., corresponding aeoretary.
Any dUtrlct ln Brltlih Columbia dealrlng
..'ormatlon re aocnrlng speakers or the for-
Ation of looal branches, kindly communicate
»3S Provincial Secretary f.
|8t Blrka Bldg., Vanconver,
tbone gemma "I*8. •" •frl""*"'* ****•
Lyle Telford,
-   0.    Tele*
JAKERT SALESMEN, LOOAL 871—Meets
aecond Thursday every month In Holdeu
building.   Presideut, J, Brlghtwell; finanoial
lecretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth Avenue
Taut.
COFFEE
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
FOURNJtfMEN BARBERS' INTKRNATION-
, AL Union of Amerlcs—Lock] 120, Tin*
ionver, B, 0., meets second snd fonrtb Tnes-
i iu each month in Holden Building. Pre*
nt, 0. E. Herrett, 71 Hsstings St. Eaat;
leoretvry, A. R. Jani, 820 Camblo Street.
Khop  phono,   Sey.  2708'.    Residence  phone,
poug. 2171R.	
INTERNATIONAL      BROTHERHOOD      OF
Bbilennakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
rs   of  America,   Local   194—Meetings   flrst
ind third Mondays tn ench month In Holdon
flnilding.   Presidont,* P. Willis[ socretary, A. I     „«_„ „_»„„. ,      „    .
9r_a*t.  Office hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and B to 6      ine unfailing murk of strength is
| patience.
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
Tlie greatest assistance that the
readers of The Federatlonist can render us at this time, Js by securing a
now subscriber. By doing so yon
spread the news of tlie working class
movement und assist hs.
IRICKLAYERS AND MASONS—ir yon need
bricklayers or masons for boiler works,
to.,  or marble setters,  phone  Bricklayers'
.nlon, 811 Holden Building.	
IIVIO EMPLOYEES UNION—Mteta flrst
, and third Fridays in each month, at 445
Ichards Street. President, David CuthiU,
852 Albort Street; secretary-treasurer, Geo.
-Unison, 1188 Parker Street. •
K5.GINKERS — INTERNATIONAL     UNION
Steam tnd Operating,  Loul 644—UmU
ry Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 808 Holden
,-Jg.    Presidont, J. Flynn; business agent
I Fnd finanoial secretary, F. 8. Haat; recording
eeretary, D. Hodges. *__
)ITY FIREFIGHTERS UNION NO. 18—
President, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
ecretary. 0. A. Watson, No. 8 Fireball.
AL LABORERS UNION—MEETS
every flrst and third Monday in Holden
Inlldlng, President, J. R. Hawthorne; finan-
lal seoretary, A. Fadgham, Joyce Road P. 0.,
ancouver, B. 0.; recording aeoretary, G.
oHier, 2249—45th Ave. East, Vancouver,
1NGINEERS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
\ of Steam and ' Operating, Looal 882—
rieets  every Wednesday at 8  p.m., Room
06 Holden Bldg. President, Charles Price;
iaslnest agont and flnanclal secretary, F. L.
Innt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
[AOHINISTS LOCAL 692—President, Thos.
Bills;   secretary,   W.  Warebam;    business
tent, P. R. Bengough. Offlce: 807 Holden
| ullding.   Meets on second and foarth Tues-
sys In month.	
USICIANS       MUTUAL
UNION, Local 145, A. P.
loose Hall,
I M -a-m.
PROTECTIVE
__ of M.—Meets at
Homer"'Street, aecond ..Sanday,
President, Ernest C. Miller. 991
on Btreet; aeeretary, Edward Jamleson,
Nelson Street; flnanelal secretary, W. E.
lams. 991 Nelson Street;  organiser, F,
Street,
MUSICIANS' UNION LABEL
llliame, 991..
BROOD OP PAINTEB8, DECORA-
* Paperhangera of America, Loeal
, .auuuta.er—Meeta 2nd and 4th Thun-
i at 148 Cordova Street Weat. Phone,
r,, 8810. Bnalneaa Atent, H. P. Pollard.
•LE DRIVERS, BRIDGE, WBABT ABD
[Doek Bnilden, Loeal Mo. S404--Meele at
ll Haatinga Street Weat every Friday, at •
I m.   Jaa. Thompaon, flnanclal icretary.
Following ia a list of Dance Hall, dliplaying
the Union Label:
LESTER COURT, 1092 Davlo Stroet.
COTILLION HALL, Davie nnd u.invillo.
HOLLYBUR!. DANCINO P»V'LTP_1, Holly-
burn. West Vancouver.
DOMINION HU.L, 32_ Pcji«.*i dtreet West.
O'BRIEU  HALL, Homor and 'Haatinge Sts.
WILLOW HALL, 17th A*,*o and Willow.
ODDFELLOWS HALL, 6ih and Main St.
K, OF P. HALL, 6th Avo, E. off Main St.
ELKS CLUB DANCE HALL, 49th Ave. ud
Fraser Street.
LONSDALE PAVILION, North Vancouvor.
K. OF P. DANCE HALL, North Vancouver.
ELKS HALL, Lonsdale Ave*, Norlh Vancouver.
LAUREL COL'RT. 2500 Blk. Laurel Stroet.
PAVLOWA DANCE HALL, 29th nnd Main
Street.
MOOSE! HALL, 025 Homer Stroet.
ORPHEUM CABARET, 701 Oranvllle Street.
LODGE CAFE, 568 -.yinnur Street.
LEND YOUR PATRONAGE TO THB
*    MUSICIANS' LABEL.
,„_ . jToN OT THE PACIFIC, Kjem
,805 Oamble Street, P. 0. Boi.571.
l Sey. 8703.   Meetinga every Monday at
[no p.m.   st. wwewii, _■-  	
flDIRATSD SEAFABEBS' UNION Ot B.
0.-—Meetlng nights, firat Tueaday and Srd
day of eaeh month at headquarters, 818
■dova Street Weat. Pnsldent, D. Olllea-
I vice-president, John Johnaon; secretary-
-anrer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Coi-
i Street Weat. Branch agent's address:
^Faulkner, 578 Johnaon Straet, Vie*
fBEET ABD EiiEw.U0 BAILWAT BM-
kloyees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meata
| P. HaU, Eighth and Klngaway, let and
ll Mondaya at 10:15 a.m. and 7 pm. Pre*
st, P.  A. Hoover, 9409 Clarke Drive;
rdlng aeeretary, F. E. Orlflln, 447—8th
Eut.; treasurer, A. 1. Andrew; flnan-
aeeretary and business agent, W. H. Cot-
1, 188—17th Ave. W.  Oftee, eorner Prior
. Main Streeta.   Phona Fairmont 4604T
BUBNEYMES    TA1LOBS'     UNION     OF
■   ftriea,  Loeal  No.  1TB—M.etlBBm held
Monday in eaeh month, 8 p.m.    Presl-
A. B...«w»*t.i__!!I1VJS{K!Jimr_>
reeordlng secretory, 0. MdlonaW,
[508; flnanelal aeeretary, P. MoNelsn,
°a—".'	
ICOUVER THEATRICAL FEDER.
 -Meets at 091 Nelion Street, at 11
. on tha Tuesday preceding the 1st Sun-
* of the month.   President, E. A. Jamie-
991 Nelaon St.: Seeretary, 0. H. Wll-
'lelson St: Business Agent,  F,
.cm,., »._ Nelaon St. 	
POOBAPHIOAL UNION, Mo. 288—Preal-
lent, B. P. Pettlpleoe: vice-president. J.
_ Bryan; aecretarytreasnrar, B. H, Nee-
Eds, P. 0. Box 68. Meets last Snnday of
tf_ month at 3 p.m. In Holden Building, 10
latlnga Streot East. 	
ilNfOE BUPERT TYPOGRAPHICAL
DNION, No. 418—President, B. D. Mac-
paid, seoretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
Box 089.   Meeta last Thursday of eaoh
[nth.	
PbKEBS'   PARTY OF CANADA—808)4
nder Btreet Weat.    Buainess meetinga
• let and Srd Wednesday every month.
larpendaJe, corresponding aeoretary;  G.
.ner,   flnanelal   aeeretary;   J.   Halliday,
■hoh organiser.	
. Union la What Tou Make It
pome men "Imagine that a union
i out of the sky, and that it Is
Ide to order. This ls a fallacy
Ich only active participation ln
on affairs can clortroy. Why not
an active member, instead of a
looker.
ftVaveralty  Is  the
the   correct
isndi.
only  scale  that
weight   of   our
LAST SHOW SATURDAY N10HI
JACK WTATT'S
Scotoh Lads and Lassies
Aid Tip-Top Vaudeville BUI
Starting Wednesday Night
Matiaaoa Thuraday, Friday, Saturday
FRANK
FARNUM
And Hla Touthfnll
Bona
ERNEST
R. BALL
Tba
IPopnlar  Oompoaar
TABOB and OBEEHE
RAYMOND BOND
 "Tha Minute Man"	
BBMOS and COMPANY
OIEMOHB BELLING
JOHN T, MURRAY nnd
VIVIEN OAKLAND
State and Oeteen Favorites
Attractive Pictures Concert Orchestra
Nights 83c, 800, 780, 81 I
Mat. waak-day 14c 98c, S8cSOo-!
Mat Saturday 14c, 28c, 50c, 08o I
Plus
Tax
Best $2.50
GLASSES   ON   BABTH.
Glssses uot prescribed ttnless absolutely neeemry. ExamtnttloM
made br induat-a Eyetlfht Special-
ists. Bttlsfaetlon guaranteed.
Wt grind ou oun leasei. Leitsts
dupUctted Wry null.
PITMAN
Optical House
(Formerly Brown Optical House)
Be  sure  of  the   address—Above
Woolworth'i Store,.near
Oranvllle.
Suite 36, Davis Chambers,
615  HASTINOS  STBEET  WEST
 Phone Bey. 1071	
[By   Princess   RadztwiU   in   Boston
Monitor]
EVERYTHING that could be written
has been written about Lenine
(V^dimir Ulianoff). Z will, therefore, not attempt to pass any judgment upon him. But lt seems to me
that certain things I have to say concerning him may throw some light on
the man, as well as on hia work. I
happen to have known his mother
well; having owned an estate In the
government of Simbirsk, olose to the
small one upon which Madame Ullam-
off lived with .her two boys, after her
husband's passing. The elder of them,
who was executed for having taken
part in a plot to assassinate Alexander III, was a charming fellow, far
more brilliant than his famous brother, and was an adherent of the school
of advanced opinions of which Prince
Kropotkln was one of the most prominent representatives. When ho was
Anally sentenced, his mother came to'
St. Petersburg to implore the czar's
clemency, and, as It happened, I was
the one who Introduced her to General Tcherewlne, then at the head of
the Okhrana, who interested himself
in her case, and did his Vest to obtain
a pardon for young Ulianoff.
The story of how the latter** mother
spent the night on her knees before
her son, to Induce him to sign a petition, to the emperor, asking for his
life, is well known. What is lees so,
was the Impression produced bn the
mind' of the young Vladimir by the
catastrophe. It was generally supposed that It had induced him to join
the ranks of the revolutionary party,
but this is an error. On the contrary,
It had been he who had Influenced his
brother to embrace Its doctrines, and
who.had almost thrown him Into its
arms, a fact for which he was later
on to experience great remorse.
Many years after the tragedy, I had
occasion to meet Lenine, then an exile
In Switzerland. His mother had passed on, the family estate hud heen sold,
he bid spent some time in Siberia,
and was already known as one of the
lights of the Russian anarchist party.
We had occasion to discuss the past,
and I remember being immensely
struck by the profound. faith expressed by Lenine in the ultimate success
| of his ideas and opinions, as factors
In the moulding of Russia's future
destinies. He tonew that -the revolution was but a question of time in his
country, and he did not scruple to say
His only regret was the abortive
attempt of 1905, which, according to
him, had failed because engineered
before the Labor pnrty had come to
the knowledge oi' the real strength lt
wielded.
From -his Zurich retreat Lenine
worked most actively at the organ!
zation of that same Labor party, and
it was certainly due to hfs inspiration
and influence that the numerous
strikes which took place in Russia in
1913 and 1914; just before the war,
were Btarteu. I remember that,
among other thingB, he told me ten
years would not pass before the Ro-
manoffs would be overthrown, and!
that, in case of any foreign war, it
would happen earlier. - This was iih
1909, and, as things turned out, the
forecast was_a pretty accurate one.
The last time I saw Lenino was in
Stock-holm, when he was on his .way
to Petrograd to start his attack. on
tlie first Russian government that had'
come into- power after Nicholas II's
abdication. We met at the house of a
Russian anarchist, and had quite a
long conversation, and I remember
that, among other things, I entreated
him not to avenge his brother's execution on the captive czar, to which
he replied: "Revenge is far from my
mind, ln so far as my personal wrongs
are concerned. My brother died for a
just cause, and I feel more proud of It
than of anything else in the world. If
something could induce me to show
mercy to Nicholas II, ln case it depended on myself to be merciful toward him or not, it would be precisely the remembrance of my broth-
er's gallows, and of those on which so
many others have perished. Without
those gallows, we would be further
off than we are today from the great
aim toward the triumph of which so
many men and women have died and
suffered. No, I will never avenge any
of the wrongs which I have suffered
personally, but"—and here hts voice
•rose shrilly—"but I will avenge the
the wrongs Russia has suffered, if I
can—the wrongs done to Russia during those 300 years the Romanoffs
have iheld her under their sway!"
There was something so terrible ln
his whole appearance, as he uttered
the words, that I was alarmed.
He stopped for a while, then went
on: "You may consider me mad, but
I can foresee the future, the day when
I Bhall have launched-Russia on the
road of this communism, which is the
only one that can lead nations or individuals toward happiness and prosperity."
"It is an Utopia," I replied. "Communism, suoh as you understand and
explain it,  can only ruin a country.
Don't ever attempt such a dangerous
experiment In Russia, even lf the op-'
portunity is given to you to do so."
"Does danger matter?" he inquired;
If I see my way—and I shall see It—;
tot apply, not my theories, but my
firm convictions, ln a practical manner, I will not hesitate, or recoil before anything, not even before the
shedding of blood, ln order to do so.
X believe fn communism, and should I
be allowed to make the experiment
of transforming it Into a system of
government, I will know that my mission on earth haa been fulfilled."
"And if you fall?" I asked ln my
turn.
He looked at me for a few moments
before replying. ■
"If I fall, I ahall die of a broken
heart," he said, quito simply.
UNEMPLOYMENT RELIEF
f
ILL unemployment ever be eliminated?   It Is hardly possible to
answer for industry as a whole,
though In individual cases it may be
possible to regularize employment.
In a well ordered Industrial society
unemployment will either be entirely wiped out by propcf regulating
methods, or, where unemployment
is not avoidable, it will not have Its
present Jiorrors for tho worker. Most
workers are unemployed one day a
week—Sunday. No one considers the
Idle Sunday a curse. It is generally
accepted that a worker should earn
enough in six days to support himself also on the seventh day, when
he ls not working. At least that,
Under a more equitable Industrial
system regulations may be made, on
the same principle, for the full round
year Instead of the single week. In
business that rule Ib operating today. The owner of a summer resort, for instance, makes enougn
money in. the busy summer months
to sustain him for the whole year.
Else, the capital invested ln the resort will be moved to a more profitable enterprise. It is the summer
resort workers who muBt shift for
themselves, when the season Is over,
without knowing where their next
moal is to come from.
To-day, however, unemployment ts
a real and growing menace. It ls
a sword that Is always hanging over
the worker's neck, threatening his
family with ruin and demoralization.
The fear of losing a job is nerVe-
racklng and making, young worker*,
prematurely old. Besides the normal, seasonal, unemployment, there ls
also abnormal unemployment. The
latter comes with a crisis or a panic.
Then, Industrious and self-respect-
workers become tramps, and fill our
highways and' by-ways with human
wreckage.
The industry makes full use of the
worker, and exploits him to the utmost, when it needs him. It then
pays him enough to keep body and
soul together. By the practice of self
abnegation, and with no sickness In
the family, the worker may save a
little for a rainy day; very little if
at all. When unemployment comes
tho industry says to the worker in
effect: "Now I need you no more; go
hang; you and your family." If the
employer has a horse he will not turn
it loose because of lack of work; nor
will he refuse to pay rent and other
expenses for the machines and protect them from deterioration. The
horse and the machines receive all
attention. But a worker Is neither
a soul-less horse nor an inanimate
machine; he is a human being, created in the image of God, like his employer, if he has one; ho is a free
man, and as such ls no one's property, as Is the horse or the machine,
and as a free man the responsibility is
all his own. Under the accepted
codes of ethics and morals, It would
be entirely undignified and most degrading for us,, free born citizens, to
be deprived of the opportunity to bear
our own responsibilities. But the dignity of our responsibilities is a grim
joke when we are out of a job and
unable to feed the hungry mouths in
our families. Other countries have
social legislation to relieve distress
caused by unemployment. In our
great and rich country there Is no
such relief for the unemployed. The
worker is thrown upon his own initiative, to beg and lose his manhood,
steal and go to gaol, or starve and
go to . He has three opportunities and at a time of severe and prolonged unemployment he takes alt
three, landing in Potter's Field.
But what workers are unable to
do Individually, they may be able to
do collectively through a strong
union.
It is ln that way that trades and tabor organizations have undertaken
to deal with the serious problem of
unemployment in their respective
unions.
Capitalism Will Conscript Children to Fight for Its
Markets
[Oakland World! *"
Prohibiting child labor does not go,
to the root of the evil. Parents have
their small children go to work because their wages are needed to help
out the family income. Adequate pay
to adults for their labor and services
is needed so that when the children
go to school there shall be enough to
feed, clothe and house them properly.
School Is of little use to an undernourished child.
We are rich enough as a people to
free our children from work. The
war demonstrated that we could take
3,000,000 of the most vigorous young
men out of industry and employ them
in the most wasteful occupation, war;
that we could take other millions and
employ them making munitions for
the flrst 3,000,000 to waste; and Btlll
the country had plenty of food and
clothing. In fact, for the first time in
the lives of hundreds of thousands,
they had enough! It Is not a scarcity
of goods that makes us work little
children. It is the ~brutal capitalist
system that by means of competition
grinds down the laborers' wage till
his wife and kiddies must work to
help support tbe family.
Wasting wealth in prodigious quantities during the war brought prosperity to the working class that produces wealth. It provided lots of
work. It took away competitors so
that wages rose. And at the same
time, it provided an army of lavish
consumers in the soldiers. Let us
take the children out of Industry now,
make them lavish consumers of all
the good things we produce, so that
they may grow up strong, well-nourished, well-educated. We wtll lose
competitors at low wages, and we
shall have the prosperity which comes
of plenty of work at good wages.
Capitalism will conscript these children to flght for its marKets and investments when the next war comes.
If the nation demands that they shall
sacrifice their lives ln defense of some
national policy, ls it not right that
they should demand adequate nurture
from the nation?
NOW ON!
OUR FEBRUARY
SALE
EVERY READER OAN HELP
Every render of The Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing thetr subscriptions as soon as
thoy arc due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do tills.   Try lt.
PRESENTING FURNITURE OF THE
BETTER QUALITY AT
20 to 50%
SAVINGS
IF YOU HAVE A FURNITURE NEED,
FILL IT NOW
PRICES ARE AT THEHI VERY
LOWEST
^igheBuJsotfsBay Compaq J^
VAKOOUVEB, B. 0.
Surpasses Anything
In the power of forgetting painful
things tho present tory party surpass
anything that 1 know In the political
history of this country.—Dr. Haden
Quest, British M. P.
OITY OF VANOOUVER
THB  undersigned will' receive  tenders  ap
to  12  o'clock noon, Tuesday,  the  260i
day  of  Fobruary,   1924,
2000 yards of uinform Blue Surge <
for the anpply oi
ue Serge Cloth, indigo fast dye. Specifications as follows:
Not leas than 68 Inches in width, woight per
yard 20 ounces. Delivery: 600 yards Jane,
1924; 600 yards August, 1924; 800 yards
January, 1926. Samples of not loss than
one-half yard to accompany tender wltb
marked cheque equal to 6 per cont. of tender.
JAMES STUART,
City Purchasing Agent.
CITY OF VANCOUVER
THE undorsigned will receive tenders up to
12  o'clock  noon,   Wednesday,   February
t).o 20th,   1924, for the supply of approximately  200 pairs  shoes  for the Polico Department, samples to accompany tondor,
JAMES STUART,
Purchasing Agent.
Singlo Room Houses
"I could take members to dilapidated houses in Islington 110 and 120
years old, houses of ten rooms where
no fewer than 65 people live. Evory
room is a home, and every function
of life, from birth to death, takes
place in that single room," says Fred
Montague, M. r.
Fortune Is like glass—the brighter
the glitter the more easily broken.
WHIST  DRIVES
GET YOUR OFFICIAL PROGRESSIVE
, WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
ONE DOLLAR ($1.00) A HUNDRED, AT
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1,25 per 100
Fairmont Fourteen
IS EASY TO HEMEMUEK
•
Women's   Toe   Hold   Rubbers;
214 to 7.   Saturday     75o
Women's Pull Rubbers;  214 to
7, at $1.00
Little Oents' Red Stitch Boots;
8 to 10%,   Speeial »2.90
Men's    Famous   Currle     Rain
Coats; to clear  $6.00
Men's Huleskln Gloves ....    _0*'
With each pair of our Fine
Dress 16.00 Boots sold on Saturday, ono pair silk socks
FREE.
Arthur Frith & Co.
Mon's and Boys'.Furnishing
Hats, Boots and Shoes
2313 MAIN STBEET
BtfWMn 7th Md Stb tints.,
Phone, Fairmont 14
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUOHLY    MATURED—ONH    OF    THE    MOST    POPULAR
BRANDS  AT  THE   OOVERNMENT   STORES
OOLD LABEL
15-YEAR-OLD
Ask for CAITO'S.    For sale at aU Oovernment Liquor Stores
TWi tdTortiumant ls not published or dispUyod br ths Liquor Control Board or
by tbo Oonroment of British Columbia
STOMACH SUFFERING
Disftppeus u If by magic whan
JO-TO
In up.ed. Gas pains, icld stomach, sour
stomach, burning and alt after-eating dis*
tress   relieved  in   two  minutes.     AU  Drag
Stow,
FREE SERVICE NOW OFFERED
—BY—
CANADIAN NATIONAL RAILWAYS
Colonization and Development Department  v
rVHt- work of this department ls being rapidly extended throughout
* ■* Western Canada to be of the best possiblo service to*the public, and
through Its special representatives in the East, in Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, nnd other European countries, it will be able „
to bring to Canada large numbers of Immigrants, male and female,
who tn a short time should become permanent and desirable settlers.
The great obstacle in the past has been the uncertainty of immediate
employment for the new arrival and farmers can assist colonisation
work by employing their help through this channel, and if possible
BY TKE YEAR. The work Is done without charge and no advances
are required for transportation or for any similar purpose. All in-
fownation given Is used for the purpose of Informing the settler requiring work only.
EVERY NEW SETTLER HELPS YOU PROSPER
IMS
ALL C. N. B. !
 AND WIU
STATION AGENTS HAVE NECESSARY FORMS
AND WILL TAKE YOUR APPLICATION, OR WRITE
R.
M. JOHNSON,
General Agricultural Agent,
WINNIPEG
C. W. LETT,
Genera) AKcnt,
EDMONTON
Colonization and Development Department
.'    '•-*-*..•„* *,-."■■*  . ■'.'■'V   ** "%.         l
Canadian National Railways
BRITANNIA BEER CAN'T BE
THE NAME TELLS TOU THAT
Government Stores ln Hrltbh Columbia always have a goodly .supply
of B1UTAXNIA BEEU.     Tlie rest la up hi you.     Order "Britannia"
Boer, and bo suro your order ls filled exactly.
BEER
ASK FOR BRITANNIA BEER AND HAVE NO REGRETS
BRITANNIA BEER is always fresh PAGE FOUR
sixteenth year.   No. 7 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouvb, Ra
FRIDAY February IB, 1.
Third International
(Continued from page 1)
tional of the working claw," It
does not mince words or make any
stopovers on the road to universal
revolution. It "stands squarely for
the overthrow of capitalism and the
establishment of the workers* and
tarmSrg1 government throughout
the world. It advocates the Soviet
form of organization and the dictatorship of the proletariat. The Third
International is a real centralized
world party, animated by an iron discipline."
Indicative of the distinction which
exists between the Communist Inter-
nnational and the Soviet Government
ls the letter which the national com-
mitteee of the Socialist party of the
United States sent in 1921 to Russia,
refusing to comply with Lenine's
famous twenty-ono conditions for
affiliation with the Comintern. The
letter declares that "to the Soviet
governmont thu Socialist party of
American has given Its unwavering
support, as evidenced by resolutions
of sympathy and comradeship, and
by persistent and reiterated demands
upon our own government for withdrawal of troops, lifting the blockade,
resumption of trade, and recognition
of the Soviet government The
Communist International, on the other
hand, has nothing to do with the internal affairs of the Russian people,
but with the interests of revolutionary workers of the entire world. It
is not only the right, but the duty, of
revolutionary workers of various
countries to Insist upon an international body with which they desire
to affiliate, and to demand a voice in
determining the policies of the body
of which they form a part"
George Tchitcherin, Soviet Foreign
Minister, Illustrated this relationship
in a special interview with the Moscow
representative of the Christian Science
Monitor, when he declared that "the
relation between the Soviet government and the Communist International suggests the situation existing ln
countries where the Roman Catholic
Party  holds    political    power.   The
FREDDIE THE FINANCIER-»Not a Treat for Anybody Concerned
--By CHAS. McMANUS
members of the party are members
of the church, out the two organizations pursue separate and distinct
aims." And, lt might be added, that
the Comintern finds that it can work
more successfully from Moscow in
much the same way. that Roman
Catholic political Interests concentrate
in Rome. But it does not follow that
the Comintern speaks for the Soviet
government any more than the Vatican, however strongly its interests
may be represented in the Chamber
of Deputies, speaks, authoratively,
for the Government of Italy.—S. H.,
Boston Monitor ,
We can seldom hide what we think,
for even our silence often expresses
our opinion.
INDIGESTION
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Dr. Salem E. Bland, B.A., of Toronto
—WILL   SPEAK  IN—
CENTRAL CITY MISSION, 233 ABBOTT ST.
One week commencing SUNDAY, FEBBUABY 17
BOTH AFTERNOON AND EVENING
Oentnl inbjlct will In:   "The Church 0__Uat_4 ty ttu Preunt World'B Unrest.
Tie Memge of Jesus tbe Only Solution."
Christianity and the Class Struggle
N°
0   DOUBT   many   attending   Dr.fthat "there went out a decree from
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It meaus that I give to each patient the
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are concentrated on your individual needs.
I know positively that the work done in
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for honest work, a price that will be mutually satisfactory.
Qualified Dental Nurse in
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Dr. Albert E. Clarke
19 - Hastings Street East -■ 10
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At all Government Vendors
Thb aOtanlaamrnt la not paMiihed or diapbrfed by
tte liqpor Control Board or by the Gorenruent of
BritUb Oohunbi*.
ma__-__m^tWs___mmt^oiir.atmmn^ •
Curry's lectures were last Friday
more familiar with the discourse than
with his previous subjects. "The
Class Struggle" had a familiar sound,
and "Christianity," like the poor we
have always with us. Vet, according
to the speaker, and the authorities he
quoted, the Christianity, of the Nazarene and the twelve disciples was a
thing rather different from the creeds
of today, or even as far back as the
time of Constantino, who helped to
have lt made over as a worthy helpmeet and mistress of his slave empire
Home.
The speaker told how the Boman
legions had conquered the known
world, and ln 49 B. C. had even raised
their standard over what is now the
land of John Bull. The intensity of
the class struggle between the Blaves
and masters of that day has never
yet been paralleled in history, and Its
only approach has been the recent
counter-revolutionary struggle in Bussia, The conquered barbarians, who
were compelled to toll under the lash
of thfs mother of empires, unlike the
modern victims of exploitation,' were
not trained to the yoke, and struggled
fiercely with their captors for the
freedom they had just lost. Great
armies of rebel slaves were organized
and for many years waged bloody conflicts with the fighting subjects of the
great empire.
Osborne Ward, author of the "Ancient Lowly," and Ernest Unterman's
"World's Revolutions," were referred
to by the speaker. The great slave
commanders Veriethus in Spain, Unice
in Sicily and Spartacus ln Italy raised
armies of revolutionists who beat the
Boman legions in numerous battles,
slaying hundreds of thousands of
their best fighters.
In Sicily, the rebels were vanquished, and over 20,000 were crucified for
this was the meains which the masters
of Homo adopted to meet sedition,
and their right to rule, and to rob the
producers of their day.
In spite of these failures, however,
so hateful was slavery to these conquered people that Spartagus In 74 B.
C, gathered great armies, and held
the Boman hosts at bay for four years
beating them in ten open battles until he, and his armies were annihilated. Out of 300,000, only 60,000
were taken alive, 6000 of these were
nailed to crosses along the Apian road
one of the thoroughfares leading to
the Imperial city. These crucified
slaves writhed ln agond. Por months
the vultures feasted on their flesh,'
while for years tlfelr skeletons swung
ln thc wind, a ghastly and Impressive
warning to rebels and against the unpardonable crime of treason to a master olass, which ruled by divine right,
ae they always do.
Well may .the clergy of the state religion of Britain each Sunday repeat
the prayer, "From all falBe doctrine,
conspiracy a'nd rebellion, good Lord
deliver us."
Tlio Promised Messiah
Among the people conquered by
Borne were the Jews. The gospel tells
us that "it came to pass in these days,
f^WflHl
STEAMSHIP
TICKET AGENOY
TICKETS TO ALL PARTS OF
THB WORLD
Agent for all Steamship
Companies
Drop In ud Ut Us Talk lt Om.
BOBT. HAT, Agent
Vancouver, Bi 0.
Caesar Augustus that all the world
should be taxed."
The workers of Judea were not only
exploited by fheir theological and
economic masters, but they were mow
groaning under the yoke of the Roman empire. The Jews had been
slaves for centuries, but the spirit of
freedom is immoral, and the prophets, Buch as Isaiah, had, told of a
coming Messiah, who would free the
people from their oppressors. Micha
had■' foretold the day when "swords
would be beaten nto ploughshares,"
would be beaten into ploughshares,"
of man, whle the oppressed class of
Judea, seeing that the force of arms
had failed, clung more tenacously to
their religion, believing that Jehovah
who had delivered them from the
bonds of Egypt, could also deliver
them from the yoke of Rome.
It was ln this atmosphere of oppression and faith that Jesus, the son of
Mary and Joseph, the carpenter, was
born and reared. He believed that
He was the Messiah, "that the spirit
of the Lord was upon Him to preach
the gospel to the poor, to bind up the
broken-hearted, to preach deliverance
to the captives, and to set at liberty
those who were bound."
Dr. Curry quoted part of the "Sermon on the mount," and told the story
of "the Good Samaritan," and of the
rich man who desired eternal life, and
yet was unwilling to part with his
wealth, and join the communist movement. The parable of Lazarus and
Dives was endorsed by the working
class audience on Friday night. Dives
the rich man, overfed and clad in
scarlet, the exploiter, Lazarus, the
warked-out slave, the victim of the
wealthy classes. Dives died and without comment, Jesus consigned him to
hell, where "he lifted up his eyes being in torment, and saw Lazarus,"
who had also died afar off in heaven. These passages and parables
were cited as proof that salvation according to the gospel of Jesus, depended on the correct valuation of
human life and freedom, and not aB
the church of today preaches a matter of faith In the atoning blood of the
theological concept of priestcraft.
The kingdom of heaven, according
to Jesus, and His disciples, was to be
a reign of peace and goodwill between
men—a reign of brotherhood, of industrial democracy or communism,
not an eternity of rest with a hia-p
and crown of gold beyond the clouds,
for obeying the slave virtues of diligence and submission.
According to the gospels, the high
priests and scribes and Pharisees were
the special opponents of Jesus and
His disciples, just as these classes today are usually the enemies of the
radical labor movement, and so Jesus
was arrested &nd crucified as a fitting
punishment for Hia "seditious utterances."
He stirreth up the people," was a
count in the Indictment against Him,
and had He not driven out the priests
and controllers of the temple, declaring that "it is written 'God's house
should be a house of prayer, but they
had made it a house of thieves'."
Paul tho Real Founder of the Modern
Church
The Rev. Bouk White, In his "Call
of the Carpenter," shows how Paul,
the patriotic Boman citizen, the endorser of slavery, and the subjection
of women, was the real founder of
Christian theology, He had been a
persecutor of the early church, and
was a loyal subject of Bome. On his
way to Damascus, he saw a vision,
and the light which showed him that
his old policy of persecution was
wrong, that the wiBer way was to
"bore from within." The numerous
gods and religions of Bome were rldi
culed by all, and Paul believed that
tho empire needed a new religion badly. Chrisianity, as he saw it, would
havo a cleansing effect on corruption
of his beloved empire.
And so the kingdom ot heaven was
transferred to the skies, while the
character of the early gospel took an
imperialistic road, so that in the year
312, Constantino, the emperor, also
"saw a vision," which assured him
that Christianity was now suited to
to the needs of his empire. The bish
ops and aristocrats of the church met
at a great convention, Christianity
was formally annexed by imperialism
and is oue of its mainstays even to
this day.
The subject for this Friday evening will be "The Economic Cause of
the World War."
' The following Friday, W. A. Pritchard will speak on the "Russian Revolution."
Fresh Cut Hovers, Fnneral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers &*Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
48 Huttings Street Eaat  '•    2—STORES—2        W5 OranvUle Street
Sey. 088-1)72 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Bey. 061S-1S91
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
" McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
W. WILSON
Loggers and Surveyor!
BOOTS
Hade to Order
Onr Specialty
Repairing Neatly Done
28 WATER STREET
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
Phone, Seymonr »38
WE CATER TO THE LABOR
MAN
Wigan Collieries
* Limited
N. P. L,
Capitalized, $300,000
Folder now ready for mailing which
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splendid investment.
A LIFETIME OF DIVIDENI-S
-CALL, PHONE OB WBITE-
Pacific Securities Exchange
305. Pender Street West
Offloe Phone, Seymour 7992     Night, Fair. 898X or 18461.
Mention Federationist
.A SALE WITH A REASON I
Thos. Foster & Co. Limited
514 Granville Street
pSHfeH-PRAFt.
Removal Sale
Did it ever occur to you what a lost opportunity ready means?
Here is your opportunity, so be benefited by past experience and grasp
this chance which now presents itself to you.
Extraordinary Price Reductions
. Throughout the Store
LOT No. 1
YOU PAY
LOT No. 3
YOU PAY
$
18
.75   $
OO
.75
Formerly priced $30 to $35. Formerly priced $48.50 to $52.50.
LOT No. 2
YOU PAY
LOT No. 4
YOU PAY
$0£.75   $
26
Formely priced $40 to $45.
38
.75
Formerly priced $55 to $60.
^b Bi^t" m&
J^OFF
j£OFF
j£OFF
Fixtures (or sale.   Mall orders given prompt attention,   C-irges prepaid.
ONE STORE ONl\___________mZ^---Z--

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