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British Columbia Federationist Dec 22, 1922

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)        ♦political unity: victory
$2.50 PER YEAR
Manufacturers Fail to Keep
Appointments They
Had Made
Trades   Council  Discusses
Garbage Tax and the
Heating Franchise
President Neelanda occupied the
chair at the regular meeting of the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
on Tuesday evening, his legislative
duties being finished for the time being. The meeting was short, snappy
and interesting, dealing with all kinds
of subjects, from minimum wage
questions to the strictures of the Rev.
A. E. Cooke on the city of Vancouver.
The question of the minimum wage
act and its application, was raised,
when the secretary read two communications from the department of Labor at Victoria, both dealing with the
proposed meeting which had been arranged ,and then cancolled, for the
purpose of settling some differences
which have arisen as to tho enforcement of the Act.
Tho meeting was to bo between the
representatives of the employers and
the employees and tho department,
but owing to the action of the Canadian Manufacturers Association, the
meeting will not now take place until February.
Secretary Bengough, referring to
the delay, stated that three dates had
been set, but the employers' representatives had renagod on the appointments made, and were still exploiting
thoso whom the Act was designed to
Delegato Mrs. Mahon stated that
one employer had boen prosecuted for
the evasion of thc act, and that he
had been-compelled to pay one girl
$21, and two othors smaller sums.
She was asked if the employer had
been fined, and replied that as the Individual In question had but little
nioney, tho authorities had taken the
stand that It was better for the girls
to be paid than the money go to pay
the fine.
Fair Wapo OITlcer Again
Tho complainta against the inefficiency of Fair Wage Officer Bulger
were again aired, when a communication from the Minister of Labor, asking for specific charges, and also, aa
to who would make a suitable official
if tho present incumbent of tho office
was dischnrged.
Delegate Pettipiece suggested that
the council might well nominate a
man, and leave tho undertaker's job
out of it, and deal with a livo one.
It was also suggested that the Car-
ponter's Union, the organization to
first raise the question, should prepare the charges, and submit the same
to the council.
These suggestions were embodied
In an amendment to the executive
commltee's report, which was to the
effect that the mattor be referred to
the Carpenters for amplification.
Delegates Dunn and Nixon, of the
carpenters, voiced their objections to
the present fair wage officer, the latter stating that the carpenters had
lost out on several occasions, owing to
tho fact that he was not on the Job.
He stated that whilo he had a large
territory to cover, It was more than a
coincidence that he could never be
found when wanted.
Delegate   Bengough  expressed   the
opinion that It was not specific cases
which were needed to bo considered,
but tho general batting average of the
(Continued on page 4)
Prince Rupert Workers say
Orientals Evade
Present Act
[By T. B. M.]
Prince Rupert, B. C, Dec. 12.—
At a meeting of the Prince Rupert
Tradea and Labor Council held tonight, a letter was received from the
Liberal Advancement Club of this city
asking for our assistance in an effort
to induce the Dominion government
to build grain elevators and coal bunkers, instal better loading facilities,
inaugurate a trans-Pacific steamship
service from here, and place guards,
if necessary, on the dry-dock to prevent ita being stolen some night by
Vancouver, Active assistance was
promised for all theae worthy undertakings.
Somo time ago, complaint was
made that Orientals were employing
white girls in restaurants. The defense was made that ln the cases cited
the girls in question were partly Indian, and so did not come within the
Act. The attorney general is asked
to havo the law amended so that Orl
entals can employ only girls of their
own nationality.
Financial and moral support waa
pledged to the municipal candidates
nominated by the United Labor Party.
,   0
Junior Labor League
Past, preaent and future members
of tho league, together with all those
friendly to tho Labor movement, aro
specially Invited to our concert and
dance, Dec. 80, F. L. P. Hall, 148 Cordova Street West, Post this notice ln
your hat, bring your friends, walk
right In, and we'll entertain you.
Fou  ^Hundred   Delegates
\*an Gigantic
Minnisota Plan is Adopted
as Official Programme
of Committee
[By Carl Haessler]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Chicago—Amalgamation was spelled with a capital A by the 400 and
more regular and fraternal delegatea
to the national railway amalgamation
conference held here Dec. 9-10.
An international committee to conduct the campaign for a general convention of all the rail unions at which
they are to combine into one industrial railroad union covering all crafts
throughout the country, was chosen
by the conference, which elected 50
members and Instructed these to name
B0 more for the permanent committee
of 100, with headquarters in St. Paul.
The United States, Canada, Mexico
and the Canal Zone are represented.
The delegates came from the Pacific
and the Atlantic coasts, from Winnipeg and Toronto and from way down
south ln Mississippi. One rosy-cheeked graybeard announced ln a jovial
voice, "I'm from Silvis, 111., and come
from the switchmen, the moat radical
union on the railroads." A Negro delegate represented the Norfolk (Va.)
maintenance of way men of the Norfolk and Western. High-spirited
ahopcrafts men from Taeoma, Wash.,
cut quito a figure in the proceedings.
The Mexican railroadera sent a telegram of regret that they could not be
present, but thanked the conference
for the Invitation and wished the delegates complete success.
The conference was the crystaliza-
tion of sentlmont that has grown
stronger In many rallmen's minds
since the unsuccessful shop strike of
last summer, which Is still dragging
on over a considerable number of
roads. The men believe, Judging by
expressions at the conference, that
every one of the very moderate demands made by the strikers would
have been quickly and eagerly conceded by the roads had the- united
power of every branch of railway labor been bohind them.
The committee on organization^ report provides for not only tho national committee of 100, but for local
amalgamation committees in every
railroad centre in Canada and the
United States. The local committees
are to represent every craft, and will
organize the local amalgamation sentiment.
A debt of about $1000, already incurred by the amalgamation campaign, was partially wiped out by a
collection taken at the conference
the balance to be met by donations
from local unions to be solicited by
the returning delegates.
The Railroad Amalgamation Advocate, which has been appearing fortnightly, waa adopted aa the official
organ. Ita circulation of 6000 Is to be
increased through more individual
subscriptions and larger bundle orders by union locals. It Is published
In St. Paul.
The so-called ' Minnesota plan of
amalgamation, which was overwhelm
ingly adopted by the maintenance of
way men at their general convention
in Detroit in Octobor, and in principle by the railway clerks at Dallas
last June, was mado the official plan
of the organization.
In his report to the conference,
Secretary-Treasurer O. H. Wangerin,
outlined the development of the organization from Its infancy as the
legislative committee of two St. Paul
machinist locals, through its youth as
the Minnesota Railroad Shopcrafts
Legislative committee, to its manhood
as the National Committee to Amalgamate the 16 standard railroad organizations. He told of tho enthusiasm for tho plan among members in
evory craft and of the narrow margin by which endorsement was defeated at the national c mention of
the railway employees' ..epartment,
A. F. of L., In Chicago last spring.
Wangerin was re-elected as secretary-treasurer; G. H. Kennedy, president, and R. H. Wood, vlce-prealdent.
The national offlce will continue to be
at 64 W. 7th Street, St. Paul.
Open Forum
At the Open Forum to be held on
Sunday, In the W. P. Hall, 803 Pender
Street West, Dr. Curry will be the
speaker. His aubject will be "Christmas and the Working Class." The
meeting will commence at 3 p. m,
Seattle—The money power of Bos-
ton reaches into the lobbies of the
State capitol at Olympia, WaBh.,
blocking progressive legislation, Farmer-Labor Party legislators are charging. Fear of taxation on valuable
water power sites and electric developments cause the Stone-Webster Engineering Co. to maintain an expensive
lobby to block all attempts at adequate workmen's compensation and
other laws beneficial to workers.
Geneva—Tho Japanese government
haa informed the international Labor
offlce of the League of Nations, that it
ls introducing bills to amend legislation with a view to fixing a minimum
age for the admission of childron to
industrial employment. In regard to
the employment of womon before and
after childbirth, the governmont states
that provisions have already been Inserted in the health insurance act of
—Draw n l>y M. J.  Callnghun,  Federated ITl-sb staff Cartoonist.
A Oreek firing squad executed six Greek politicians, including a general, on Nov. 28. Politicians in other countries were
very much disturbed. All six had been cabinet members and wen convicted of deceiving tbe people and bringing rain to
Greece by tbe wars tbey.waged against Turkey.
San   Francisco   Divergent
Elements Get
Political Parties and Trades
Union Officials Hold
[By Miriam Allen .deFord]
(Federated Presa Corresnondent)
San Francisco—What may be tho
nucleus of a radical Labor Party, has
been born here in a conference of
union and radical groups. Those participating were the Workers Party and
the Socialist Party, hitherto Irreconcilable enemies, the Farmer-Labor Party
the Rank and File Federation of
Workers, the German Educational Society, the Workmen's Sick and Death
Benefit, the Workmen's Circle, the
Labor League of ex-Service Men, the
World War Veterans, and thc following unions: Waiters, machinists, municipal carmen, carpenters, cooks, railway clerks, cigarmakers, structural
Iron workors, lithographers, ladies'
garment workers, tailors, millmen,
waitresses. Officially theso unions all
belong to the Central Labor Council,
which is strongly opposed to the new
move; but each sent influential delegates to the united front conference.
The meeting nominated Georgo G.
Kidwell aeeretary,, bakery drivers
union, to fill the place left vacant by
the death of Congressman John I. Nolan. Conservative Labor is boosting
Nolan's widow for thc place. The
meeting also formulated 14 points as
campaign isaues. The moat important
was a resolution for tho formation of
an American Labor Party. The others
(Continued on page I)
Our Xmas Greeting
At this season of the year, ft is
usual for institutions and individuals to wish their friends a
Merry Christmas. Naturally The
Federationist wishes its readers
all that would go to make the lives
of the workers happy, but we recognize that wishing will not
bring to the workers that economic security which alone can make
the lives of the people what they
should be.
Our wish for the readers of The
Federationist, at this timt, is that
they will recognize the value of
the industrial and political organizations of the workers, and by so
doing, aid in bringing about such
conditions that they will not have
to look forward to having a good
time once a year, but that their
lives may be one long, good time,
when children will not want, but
will, with their parents, have a
full life.
May our readers be as happy as
possible under the present conditions, and come to a realization
that in the hands of the workers,
lies their future.
Rome.—Tho Mussolini roglme has
decided to make an assessment on
workers' wages. Telephono services
are to bo handed over to private enterprises, Mussolini has guaranteed
that Socialist and Communist deputies who were banished from their
constituencies shall be reinstated.
While the government has not definitely suppressed the Communist
papers, their further issue has beon
prevented "ln presont circumstances."
Headquarters Objects to the
Actions of Nova Scotia
Rank and File of Workers
Thought They had Complete Automony
(For the Federated Press)
Glace Bay, N. H.—The coal minera
of Nova Scotia was organizod as
District No. 26, U, AI. W. A., in 1019,
Previous to that dato these miners
wero organized in the Amalgamated
Mine Workers of Nova Scotia, a
provinlca! organization.
When the question arose of joining the U. M. W. A. the operators objected. But a joint convention of
miners, operators and international
officers drew up the following contract (Charles Fergie signed on behalf of the operators; Sflby Barrett
former international board member,
who Is slill recognized by President
Lewis In spite of failing to bo reelected after resigning, signed for the
miners at that time):
"After having had the assurance of
the oxecutive of tho Amalgamated
Mine Workers of Nova Scotia and the
representatives of tho Federation of
Labor, confirming the statements
made ln Montreal by Mr, Harlin, of
tho United Mlno Workers of Amorica,
that the desiro of the Amalgamated
Mine Workers of Nova Scotia to have
the United Mine Workers of America
extend lta Jurisdiction to Nova Scotia
doos not arise from any intention to
make tho wage rates and working
condltlona of Nova Scotia conform to
(Continued on page »
People Animated with Hope
and Back Up the
American Investigator Sees
Distinct Progress Is
Being Made
[By Louie P. Lochner]
(European Dir. Federated Presa)
Berlin, Germany—"The change that
has come over Russia since the acces-
alon of Soviet rule, is marvellous," declared Savel Zimand, who ls on a
year's leave of absence from the bureau of Industrial research of New
York, upon reaching Berlin after five
montha of travel in Russia.
."In Russia I found a people animated with hope, and heartily backing ita government. What a contrast
with Germany, where I flnd a general
atmosphere of hopelessness, of despair, and whero the country is rent
by factional dissensions.
"I am not a Bolshevik. I went to
Ruasia aa a student of sociology and
economics, to see for myself what the
Russia of today la like. I travelled
aome 38,000 miles, more perhaps than
any other American who has visited
Russia since the revolution, went to
the tropic south as well as the icy
north, saw cities, as well as villages,
inspected numerous factories, mingled
among the people In their dally life,
and spoke to leaders in every avenue
of Russian endeavor.
'Nowhere else have I witnessed
such an awakening of a whole people.
The mental and cultural development
of Russia since the revolution is one
of the most gratifying things I observed.
"Industrially, the country Is still
very weak, but she is picking up daily.
I could seo distinct progress between
two visits to any particular industrial
centre. Russia needs capital and machinery, but with the means at her
disposal she has done wonders. Let
her have about three more good harvests and many Russians claim ahe
won't need even the foreign capital.
"While It la truo thut the cost of
living is rising In Russia, yet at the
same time workers' wages are rising
faster than dot's the cost of living.
So that the workers' lot is Improving
all the time. Besides, a man does
not live In Russia on his salary alone,
The organized worker enjoys special
privileges such as sending his children to school at the nation's expense,
belonging to a co-operative. In which
he gets preferential rebates, being
furnished free tickets to theatres and
musical performances by his trade
unions, and the like. When times of
Industrial depression come, the worker suffers these cheerfully, for he Is
confident that the government is doing the best it can for him.
"In trying to understand Russia,
one must above all remember, that
policies are changing every day. Old
methods are discarded just ns soon as
something better Is discovered. There
is nothing Inelastic about the Soviet
system. The men in charge of prac
tical affairs are not dogmatic, but are
willing to modify their course when
over thut seeing advisable.
"No doubt many things were dono
that ought not to have been done.
The persecution of technical peoplo,
for Instance, at thc beginning of tho
Soviot regime was a sad mistake, Russia needs her technicians. Now the
Communists realize thut thut wns a
mistake, and technicians are given
every facility and even preference.
"Likewise 1 think it unfortunate
that RushIu adopted such harsh mens-
ures aguinst hor professors. She
needs her mon of science, and I feel
confident that she will soon see the
error mude in this respect.
"1 found more freedom In Russia
than I had expected. Tho Cheku has
beon ubolished. Russia maintains a
spy system, but It Is no moro severe
than that of any other country. Now,
with foroign InvoHion done away with
moro and more freedom Is coming In
"On the question of lho famine, I
would heartily endorse the roport of
the national information bureau of
Amcricn. headed by Allan T. Burns.
It ls a fair und accurate report. In
my estimation, some 10,000,000 hu
man beings will suffer hunger ln Ruh
sia by Jun. 1. Famine relief is there
fore urgently needed."
Might was right when Christ was hanged
Might Is right when children die
Beside the Jordan's foam;
Ry thousands In tho mills,
Might was right when Gracchus bled
When jewelled hands reach down and take
Upon the stones of Rome;
Tho gold their blood distils;
And might wus right when Danton fell
And might is right when maidens givo
Whon Emmctt passed away—
Their love-dreams up for pay—
" 'Tls the logic of thc ancient world,
"'Tls tho logic of tho nnciont world,
And tho gospel of today,"
And the gospel of today."
Might was right when Spartacus
Might was, it Ih, it o'er will be,
Went down in seas of blood,
Tho one and only right;
And when the commune perished
And so, O hosts of toll, awake!
In tho self-same crimson flood;
0, workingmen, unite!
And might was right at Cripple Creek,
Unite!   Unite!   For might is right—
At Homestead, Brabow, yeal
'Tls freedom's only way—
"Tls tho logic of tho ancient world,
" 'Tis tho logic of tho ancient world,
And tho gospol of today."
And the gospol of today."
—From The Tailor.
Masquerade Carnival
Tho Workers Party haa arranged to
hold a masquerade carnival on Saturday. Dec. 23, in tho W. P. Hall. 303
Pendor Stroet West. The party extends an invitation to nil friends or
thoso interested In tho working class
movement to attend. Refreshments
will bo served; good prizes for costumes.
Vienna—Deeply nffecled by tho dramatic presentation of The Weavers,
Gorhurt Hauptmann's working class
play, lho gallery nt tbo Kaimund the
atre hero broko spontaneously Into
tho Internationale, in which a portion
of the boxes Joined. Next morning
the conf-ervtivo presH commented ap
piehenflivoly thut Hauptrnann wns not
a member of uny party. Thn Rulmund
thoatro hns "highbrow" tendencies,
and is unused to such demonstrations.
The Hague—Among thoso invited to
tho peace conferonco of lho Intcrnu-
tlonnl Fedorntion of Trude Unions at
Tho Hague, Doc. 9 to 14, aro twenty
threo trade unions, 29 international
labor bureaus and trado unions not
members of tho Federation, 19 teach
ers' organizations, and 21 International peace organizations,
Private Gunmen Directing
Their Weapons Against
The Violations of Contracts
Started AU the "
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Marion, III.—The complete dofense
to the charge of the prosecution that
the five men now on trial murdered
Howard Hoffman, a strikebreaker at
the Herrin strip mine, June 22, was
outlined to the Jury ln the opening
statement prepared by A. W, Kerr,
chief counsel, Illinois Mine Workers,
who is directing the defense.
Otis Clark, Bert Grace, Leva Mann,
Joe Carnnghi and Pete Hiller were
not near the scene of the killing, according to witnessed to be produced
by the deefnse, and in any case the
killings were committed ln circumstances that could by no conceivable
interpretation Justify the term irur-
der, Kerr maintains.
Kerr said that thc defense would
prove that the killing of armed guards
was a result of the unlawful invasion
of Williamson county by theso armed
guards and of many acts of brutality
culminating in the ruthless murder of
three unarmed union coal miners.
After defining tho elements which
make killing legal murder, he said:
"Wo are going to state the facts bluntly, truthfully, as they actually hap-
pened." He described the beginnings
of the operation of tho Southern Illinois Coal Company, told of the agreement betweon that company and the
United Mine Workers of America,
whereby the company was allowed to
strip but not to mino conl. He described the terrible early days of coal
mining in Illinois beforo thc union
"Disasters that might woil bave applied to them the terms of 'mnssa-
cres' wero of frequent occurrence In
this industry. Human lifo was snurfed
out ln the gaseous recesses .of the
earth to the number of countless
thousands. The employer dismissed
the death of his miners in practically
every instance with a mere eiprcselon
of regret for the killing. Then, too.
working conditions were such thut
they sent the mine worker to an untimely grave. Protest by the Individual meant his discharge and perhaps luck of broad nnd butter for his
family. Hours of work sometimes
were as long as 14 and 16 and 18
hours out of tho 26; thc wnges were so
low that the miner wns compelled to
drag his baby boys from their
mother's knee Into tho mine. Bofore
thc union enmo to Williamson county
18 cents a ton wns considered hlith
pay. Some of you men remember
these things.
"Then the miners organized. At
lenst they sought to organize, nnd
that effort at orgnnizntion In tho stale
of Illinois presents onc of the finest
chronicles of thc courage of the
American worker ever recorded In history. They lost again and again and
ugnln. But they persisted. Privato
armies of gunmen In the employ of
the organizod operators directed their
guns ngninst the breasts of tho workers. The miners fout'ht on against
ull thc powor of thc organised omployers of this state until flnnlly thoy
won for themsolves un organization.
Thoy won tbelr liborty.
(Continued on Pnge 4)-
The Famine  Left Million
Children Without
Despite the favorable crop reports,
and tho optimistic forecasts, of tht
Immediate roturn to prosperity to Soviet ltussln, which appear In the dally
press and In other sources of Information, and which havo been a factor In
thc cuuslng the slowing down of Russian relief work; suffice It to bo said
these reports and forecasts aro hardly In accordance with tho facts.
Tho facts are that no government
or peoplo could completely liquidate
such a trencmndous catastrophe, as
tho famine which visited the Volga
Valley In the summer of 1921 In ono
short season. Tho effects of such a
fur-roachlng calamity will tako years
to overcome. Ono million children
left fatherless and motherless as a result of the famine are to bo cared for,
Tho drlvo for the maintenance of tho
orphan children, which Is being carried on by the Friends of .Soviet Rub-
sla and other relief organizations. Is
bringing vory good results. A series
of bazaars nro being held nil over tho
continont, the foaturo of thoso za-
zaars l_ tbo handicraft work of tho
Russian workers and peasants. A
Shipment of those articles has beon
recoived by the locul branch o_ tho
P. 8. It., uud n bnznur Is arranged for
Dec. 30, nt 303 >_ Ponder Stroot Wost.
All thoso who In Iho pnst took an active part In tlio relief work, nnd who
nt prosent wish to give uny assistance
thnt they can in making this affair a
success, ploaso communicate with tho
socretary, a. Campbell, 639 Princess
Avonue, Vancouvor, or phono High.
1845X, ■V*
jwRTggNTH year, mo. 46 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST *_______* a c
Published every Friday morning by The B. C. Federationist
Business Office:   1129 Howe Street'
Editorial   Olllce:    Room   306—319   Pender   Street  West
Editorial Board:   P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, George Bartley.
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per
year; Canada, $2.50 per year, $1.50 for six months; to
Unions subscribing in' a body, 16c per member per
Unity of Labor: Tho Hope of Uie World
FRIDAY , December 22, 1922
The Immigration Question and the
Prospects for Settlers
NATURALLY THOSE who own anything of great
value, do not like other people to cast reflections
on their possessions, and this trait can be found in
all walks of life, but more particularly so amongst
those who own property. To disparage a town, and
to do anything which will koep people from a city,
is a crime in the eyes of real estate holders, and to
cast reflections on a country or its opportunities for
immigrants, is in the eyes of the ruling class so obnoxious that its press must of necessity chastise
those who cannot refrain from telling the truth.
* *        *
It appears that an Irish publication, published in
Dublin, has warned the people of that city that Canada is not a good place for immigrants. The Vancouver Daily Province, a newspaper of repute in
capitlistic circles, voices its objection to this spilling
of the beans; in fact, it blames, not the "Bolsheviki
element," but the men who have or did hold responsible conditions either in large merchantile concerns, banks or previous governments. It says in
It is not surprising that/this warning should
be given. The only wonder is that careless statements made by high authorities in Canada have
not been used earlier and oftener in the British
Islands to discourage the movement to this
In the same issue of the Province in which the
above appeared, we noticed an article which is sufficient for the stand taken by the Dublin newspaper
referred to. The sub-heading of this article reads as
follows: "Pathetic Line of Workless Trying to
Reach California, Turned Back." They were not
turned back from any point in the United States,
but from the Canadian side as the article in question
will prove. It says:
Huntingdon, Dec. 18.—Human migration
across the border is becoming a pathetic line of
appeal and rejection. For a month there has
been a steady flow of men from thc harvest fields
who got to the Northwest on harvest excursions,
and have beat their way to the Coast, then in a
last effort to get warmth and work, try to reach
the Southern States.
From three to seven are caught ev&ry day by
the United States immigration authorities at Sumas, and are returned to Vancouver.
How many more got through can only be guessed. They are picked up on the hill trails near
the town, out on the snow-drifted roads towards
Beilingham, and in the town of Lyndcn. They
are nearly all now immigrants to Canada, mostly this year's arrivals. They arc Dane and Russian, English and Scotch for the most part, all
having physical ability and willingness to work,
but lack the capital to koep them here through
thc winter, or to pass the American monetary
They tell shivering tales of riding the rods
through the Rockies, of huddling in box cars to
sleep through the cold nights, of waiting behind
snowdrifts for thc next freight to pull out.
They are doomed to spend an idle winter in
town until spring brings opportunities for labor.
Thc logging camps and quarries in the district
aro closing because the "freeze-up" hinders operations. These men also are trekking town-
* #       *
The Provinco, and those who own this country,
may not like the truth to be told, but even the capitalistic press reveals the misery of the workers of
this country, as well as the degradation of the workers in other lands. • It cannot be hid even behind
ruling elass propaganda. There are hungry people
in this country, even at this season of thc year, as
the appeals which appear ou the front pages of the
daily papers reveal. But if the Vancouver Daily
Province wishes any further proof of the conditions
which the jobless in this country are faced with,
than that printed in its own pages, we fail to see
how it would be possible to convince either the owners of thc paper, or the writer of the editorial who
complains because the truth is told, and which may
prevent a still greater army of unemployed being
congregated in this country and compelled to seek
warmth, by going south, even though they have to
ride tho break-rods in order to get there.
Capitalistic Necessity and the
MANY ARE THE machinations of the employing
class. Especially the section of that class
which owns large and valuable natural resources.
All their activities aro not, however, seen by the average man. How they manipulate and secure greater advantages through the aid of governments, aro
not revealed to thc "dear public," which is so much
to bc pitied in theso days of storm and stress and
Onc of thc methods taken by the mining interests
to safeguard its property has, however, through the
aid of a Labor member of the Provincial House, come
to light. Thc Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company is a rather large concern. Its holdings are
enormous, and its power with governments only too
well known to those who happen to be the slaves of
this corporation. But the reason given for the incorporation of a now municipality, is to say thc least,
Trail is the principal scene of the operations of
this company. There is, howover, a community close
to Trail, which is also dependent on this corporation
for ils existence—in other words, the people who
live there arc largely dependent on the operations
of the company for subsistence. Tho company in a
memorandum presented to the government when endeavoring to have this place, which is named Tada-
nac, incorporated as a separate municipality, stated:
Our first plan was to ask the City of Trail to
enlarge its boundaries and take Tadanac in on a
small fixed assessment basis. There were, however, two or three serious drawbacks to this.
One was that the town of Trail is mainly composed of our own workmen, and consequently
at any time the total city might be in the hands
of of our employees.
* * *
The representative of South Vancouver, in objecting to the incorporation of Tadanac, brought out the
following interesting figures. Trail comprises 664
aeres, while Tadanac has 740 acres, the two areas
comprising two and one-sixth miles, while South
Vancouver has an area of fourteen and a half miles.
In spite of the logic of the argument advanced by
Neelands as to why there was no need for a separate
municipality, the following argument advanced by
the oompany, was irrefutable from the employing
class viewpoint. The company ahd its supporters
"Wo have on one occasion, had a strike which
necessitated several actions in Tadanac, which
we could hardly expect the city officials of Trail
to grant, or do, if these officials were constituted
from the men on strike.
It is hardly necesary after such an argument being presented to the government, to state that the
request was granted, while in districts covering
much larger territory, schemes are being launched
for the amalgamation of adjacent municipalities, one
instance being the move to join South Vancouver
with Vancouver. But necessity knows1 no law, and
when capitalistic necessity knocks at the doors of
the law-makers, they, being the henehmen of the
ruling class, open wide the gates of opportunity to
those whom they represent and close the avenues by
which the workers might secure some advantage.
Politicians, Babblers and Their
Actions and Antics
THE MEMBERS of the Provincial House have
risen, not above their mediocrity, but from their
labors. With the exception of the efforts put forward by the three members of the working, class,
and Major Burde, nothing was even attempted to be
done for Labor, and every effort on the part of the
working class representatives, was blocked by rules
and precedents of the musty and befuddled past.
Two press items with respect to the doing of the
House, in the closing hours of a session noted for
the lack of action, have come to our notice. One
deals with the amendments to the Compensation Aet,
which were introduced and passed, and the amendments which were proposed by the working class
representatives, and wliich were not oven considered.
The second one appeared as an editorial in the Vancouver Daily World, and dealt with the jubilation
displayed by the members when the House adjourned.
The first item referred to, states that Tom Uphill,
Sam Guthrie and R. H. Neelands introduced amendments to the Compensation Act. These amendments
were, however, ruled out of order, "as they effected
the expenditure of public money." We were not
aware that the money collected by the Workmen's
Compensation Act Board was public money; wc, in
fact, imagined that the Compensation Act was a
kind of an insurance scheme, which in the first place,
would save the employers money, and secondly, give
to the workers something to compensate them for
the loss of time and wages when injured in industry.
Evidently we were wrong, and the money collected
by the board is "public money."
If the ruling of Mr. Speaker is a correct one, then
the only way Labor can get access to the funds
which it thought were provided for them by industry, is by capturing thc government.   We have no
criticism on the actions of the Labor members to
offer, but we do think that it is time that the workers realized the fact that the members of the House
who represent the capitalistic interests, from the
premier downwards, arc doing their masters' bidding, and that the sooner they realize this, the sooner
they will have an opportunity of coming to an understanding as to the real function of parliaments,
through the knowledge which working class representatives gain by their efforts, and which they can
disseminate, to the great mass who do not now understand the mentality of the men who are so well
carricatured in the following passage, clipped from
the World editorial referred to, which reads:
"The departure of the speaker was the signal
for a wild whoop from members who had restrained themselves for the past six weeks, and
the air immediately filled with flying blue books
and ordor papers, while the crowded galleries
craned across the railings to see the fun.. Waste
paper baskets, filled with torn papers, were
dumped uncerimoniously over the heads of dignified mombers and for a few minutes pandemonium broke loose.  A few minutes later a litter
of papers and bills which made thc empty chamber look like a snowfield, was all that remained
to show that the lawmakers of British Columbia
had been in session, and had completed one of
thc most crowded and hard-working sessions yet
Many people in Vancouver mast envy the opportunity wliich the Victoria people have of
seeing "dignified members" crowned with inverted waste paper baskets as they threaded
their dignified way through the chamber "which
looked like a snowfield" after the hurricane of
"flying bluo books and ordor papers" had subsided.
Only brain-workers who have to engage in
brain-sweat day after day for twelve hours a
day, year in and year out, can understand the
terrific strain wliich many members of the Legislature must have undergone, during their six
weeks of listening to each other.
» # .' »
Wo do not know whether the latter part of the
above is intended for sarcasm or not, but wc can
imagine that after listening to the babblings of Honest John and his supporters, and the ravings from
the Cor.jervative benches, the Lnbor members must
have felt that their time wns wnsted, nnd let it be
snid, Ihey showed their distaste of not only the tactics of the politicians during the session, but the
equally imbecile actions at the close, by leaving the
House in a manner, fitting to men, who realized thnt
while clowns and babblers aet Iheir pnrt, thc workers nre starving nnd suffering in order thnt the system which mnkes the annual i'nrec nt Victoria necessary, mny be continued.
FRIDAY... December 22, 1922
3ntish Labor Members Create New
Atmosphere in House of Commons
Despite the protests of the Labor
members of the British HouBe of
Commons, the House prorogued without any adequate means being taken
to safeguard the Uvea of the people
who, through no fault of their own,
are without the means of subsistence.
The press of this country has been
flooded with anti-Labor propaganda
ever since the success of the Labor
Party at the pools in the recent election, but here is one outstanding feature of the Labor Party's activities,
and that has been its consistency in
advocating remedial measures for the
mass of unemployed workers.
While this propaganda may have
upset a number of the more timid
members of organized Labor on this
coneinont, a perusal of the British
Labor press indicates that the representatives of tho workers have not
been quite as rabid as they have been
mado to appear. They have, however,
made a deep and lasting Impression
on the old-time politicians, and that
impression is one of fear. Thoy fear
the new type of representatives, and
the words they have used have in-
pirod dread in the hearts of the representatives of capital.
Can Macdonald control his hotheads? was a quostion asked by the
capitalist press of this country. Let
Ramsay Macdonald reply for himself. Writing in the Glasgow Forward, ho has the following to say of
the Scottish members of the Labor
Tackle Unemployment
'We began right away with unemployment, and all that night we kept
up the attack. It was delivered mainly by the Scottish brigade. Man after
man got up and had his first whiff of
parliamentary fighting. Tho other
parties showed no signs of life. They
were spectators, sometimes amused,
sometimes wondering, sometimes
awed, always interested. When Kirkwood quoted Burns and followed it up
with the pjrophetic pronouncement:
'The writing is on the wall; their doom
is written,' they had to try and laugh
to dispel their discomforts. The like
has never been seen on a first night—
nor on any other night, so far aB that
matters. It made me vory happy.
Here is a body that will flght. 'What
excellent material,' remarked a very
experienced parliament man to me
the next day."
Then he added a reservation: "If
they will discipline themselves and
work at the details." "Have na fear
of that," I replied, "they are Scotsmen. These men belong to the Godly
company of Ironsides." Next day,
the others came In, and on a different
field won new laurels. We shall not
make the mistake of keeping any section of our men out of action. If I
have my way and can secure what I
want, the wholo hundred and forty
will be "House of Commons men" before the end of next session, each contributing his best to the general battle. We cannot all do the same thing
in the same way, but we can all play
a part.
Mr. L. Macneil Weir, another Labor member, writing in the same
paper, under the caption, "Shaking
the Cobwebs from the Ceiling at
Westminster," says in part:
Aftor the amenities of preliminary
courtesies had been observed, word
was passed round the Labor benches
that there was a proposal to let the
debate fizzle out. But—not on your
And shall discussion die?
And shall discussion die?
Then thirty Scottish Labor men
Shall know tha reason why?
Round the benches went the fiery
cross.    Can we  keep  the discussion
going for four hours—and the answer
came  back clear as a  clarion  call:
Yes, and for forty hours."
Thu First Day
Their flrst day in parliament, unacquainted with the rules of the
House, absolutely unprepared for taking any part ln the debate, at a moment's notice when the call came, the
Scottlbh phalanx stepped boldly Into
the breach. And never while the institutions of parliament remain shall
that day be forgotten. A brilliant succession of unpremedlatated maiden
speeches struck a challenge, the like,
of which waB never heard In Westminster before.
After Lansbury had made a characteristic appeal an behalf of the hunger marches, and a protest against the
refusal of the prime minister to Bee
the leaders, Newbold caught the
speaker's eye. His theme was new,
and his Bpeech was bold. He instanced the sneer of Marie Antonlette, who
when told "the poor have no bread,
your majesty," replied: "No bread!
Then let them eat cake!" He compared the plight of the poor with the
scene which he, as the flrst elected
representative of Communism and the
Third International had a chance of
witnessing from the foot of the throne
that morning.
The Tom-fool Sliow
A loud outcry from theTory benches
which greetod his roferenco to the
"torn-fool show," brought the doputy
Bpeaker to his feot in rebuke. New-
bold withdrew tho offensive term, but
had to continue his speech amid Interruptions. There was an ominous
silence, however, when bending forward and ^pointing an accusing finger
at the opposite benches, he exclaimed:
"Do not forget, gentlemen of England, that when you talk of Russia
you are speaking of the oldest government in Burope," The sneer, "Gentlemen of England," struck deep, and the
gentlemen opposite took It ln silence.
Weir then deals with the Glasgow
attack, by the members from
Glasgow on tho capitalistic system,
and referring to the first speaker from
that city, John Wheatloy, he says:
"In a closely-reasoned speech he
demolished the specious rhetoric of
his opponents' point by point. The
country overwhelmed with surpluses
of overy description could not be regarded as poor, No, the capitalist
systom \vn_j at fault, and unemployment and destitution were permanent
phases of that system. Wheatley's
was a valuable contribution to tho debate, flnd the Tories sat agape, nevor
having heard most of them tho like
of It bofore."
Me then refers to BTiInwolI's contribution, and continues ns follows:
"A tamo Liberal sits down and a
thrill runs through tho Labor benches
as the level voico of tho spoakor is
"Mr. Kirkwood."
Davie, Scotus Scotorum, steps Into
the breach. He splits the garment of
conventionality up the back and casts
it from him. He is not there to follow
old precedents, but to form new ones.
"Coming from the Clyde, what has
gene on here since we- arrived haa
struck me as very strange. In the
House of Lords today I witnessed a
scene that made my blood boll. I
saw all the pomp and splendor, and
as I had Just come fresh from standing in the law court in Glasgow trying
to defend working men and women
and their little children from being
ejected from their homes, not through
any fault on their part, not through
their having committed any crime, buc
because of unemployment,"
This was Davie's message, but words
cannot adequately express the manner
in which it was expressed. The Doric
had a homely sound, for the braid
Scots has not been heard, in these
precincts since James VI., "the wisest
fool In Europe," "led.hif? tatterdema-
llan Hall' to Westminster.
"The spirit that is propelling me ttt
the moment—
Here a chorus of offensive interjections from the Opposition mad^ jeering reference to Davie's being influenced by alcoholic spirit.
He whipped round and faced his
tormentors, and with
"I havo never taken alcoholic spirits
In my life," silenced his intemperate
In a reference to the suppression of
Forward during the war, Kirkwood
turned round and pointed to Tom
Johnston, the editor of Forward, who
sat on the bench behind him:
"They stopped my friend Johnston "
"Order! Order!" shouted honorable
A Voice—"No names, Davie."
"Oh, beg pardon! I refer to my
honorrrrlble frrrlend the memberrrrr
forr Klrrrkintilloch."
There was a yell of delight from the
Scottish benches, but neither the Sassenach nor the gallery pressmen
caught that Joke. The raucous rambling of the rolling "r" swept through
the chamber, re-echoing from the
peers' gallery beneath the lighted
Then a Liberal whip sought to get
the debate adjourned. There was a
debate upon that, and finally the Liberal withdrew his motion. Neil Maclean rushed up the stairs, caught Tom
Johnston by the arm. "Up and speak,
this debate'll have to go on to 11."
"But I wasn't intending to speak. I
haven't a note.   I—"
Johnson Hits Out.
"Up you get, quick," commanded
Nell, and the representative of the
field of Bannockburn dutifully did as
he was told. For twenty minutes he
laid about him with his claymore. The
Tories listened in silence as he explained how their policy of cutting
wages, which they called economy,
had lessened the purchasing power of
the people and destroyed the home
market for British gooda. Once they
broke out in protest, crying "Withdraw" when he charged them with
sitting jeering and mocking, while Labor members that night had pled for
the poor. But there was no withdrawal, and Bonar Law sat with his
eyes puckered up wondering at all
these new heresies. It was a telling
speech, delivered without hesitation
and with clear fluency and promises
great things for the future, for the
future. Neither the editor of Forward
nor any of the Scots contingent were
in tho least overawed by the "atmosphere" of the assembly.
Shakes tlie Cob-Wclm
George Hardle next caught the
speaker's eye. There was no hesitating bashfulness here. He addresses
that well-fed Tory audience with the
voice that a farmer uses on a hillside.
He shook the cob-webs from the roof,
and John Fotherlngham, from Lanarkshire, sitting in the gallery, beamed over. ThlB was the goods being delivered.
John Muir came next. He from
Maryhtll—has been an unemployed
engineer — spoke cogently, albeit
quietly, no mincing his wo,rds. He was
up here to get the social syBtem radically changed and that quickly. He
got a good hearing, and when the
House broke up Sir John Simon stepper forward and warmly congratulated him upon his maiden effort.
Up in the gallery the pressmen were
tolling one another that never since
Cromwell, the Squire of Huntingdon,
came had there been straight talking
like this. Clear cut, Incisive, forceful,
Intelligently-handled exposition of the
causes of poverty—and the remedies.
Here on the floor of the House of
Commons had been set the problem
of poverty; and, please God, poverty
will be kept upon the stage until the
governing class of Britain ls forced to
do justice to the working class.
And as the House skulled and we
departed in tho darkness, all the talk
on the stairs and the lobbies was of
the Scotsmen and their personalities,
and what would be the outcome of lt
all. The Morning Post shrieked on a
placard "Labor's Wild Men on Parade," but tho gentlemen of the press
tell us to stick to It, and the officials
smile knowingly, and John Fotherlngham, though he had sat for ten houra
In the gallery without food, says: "Oh,
but I'm happy, I wouldn't ha'o missed the nlcht for a' the money I've
ever earnt or ever will earn." And
that's testimony from a man who halls
from Fife.
The enemies of organized Labor ln
the Old Land, may rave against the
movement, while the mombers of
the working class may also find
faults In It, but hammered by necessity, tempered tn the fiery class struggle, lt ls being shaped, both Industrially and politically to wrest the power
of oppression from the hands of the
present ruling class, and being prepared for the greater battle on the
morrow. The lesson for the Canadian
workors In tho struggle of British Labor to stem the tide of misery and to
prepare for a new social order, is one
that should be learned as soon as possible Tho mistakes mado by that
movement are ovldont to those who
road and study tho ramifications of
that movement, but only by participation in a movoment of their own will
thoy bo ablo to obtain that experience
which is so necessary to a working!
class faced with destruction, while
freedom can bo secured, if tho will to i
do is there and the knowledge of the
real Issuo is acquired.
Ml"" *****-+•e-e in«...-f«
The &
575 Granville Street
See our 14th Anniversary Sale
Greatest values of the season
in Coats, Suits and Dresses.
Famous STJJSr
023 HASTINGS  ST.. Uur GruHIlt
and Non-alcoholic wines of all
Cigar Store
"A Good Place to Eat"
King np Phone Seymonr 28-54
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit*   801   Dominion   Building
110 0 Georgia Stntt
Sunday serrioeg, 11 am. and 7:90 p.m.
Sunday school Immediately following
morning ferries. Wednetday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free readinjt room,
001-903 Birks Bid*.
It. P. Harrison
S. A, Perry
Mount Pleasant
Undertaking Co.,Ltd.
Ambulance Service
233 KINGSWAY, Vancouver
Pbone Fairmont 68
THE best gift of all at Christmas time
is tbo gift of your voice—and smile.
It's a gift of friendtim-RH and of thought*
fulness for othon. It'a a gift.of your
happinecs to those who may have loss.
It's1 a gift that the telephono can deliver for you hero, thore, and ovory-
whoro, on this best of days-
Why not make the most of your
Ohristmas D&y and send your voico and
smiles out over the miles, to your
frienda who aro far away(
Whist Drives!!!
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 7421,4490
DECEMBER 25, 9 TO 12 P.M.
By the Finnish Local of Workers Party.
Admission:    ladies, 26c; Gents, 50a    Without mask, 26c extra.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East        2—STORES—2        666 Granville Street
Sey. 088-073 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 0513-1391
Two Short Words, Bridging the Gull Between
—_7t3tr-nst--\--i—i *** T°" M' *****'* ****,**•*o**tetey,
th.*'RAINY^f_,kSaa0m~a* »«■ wlMblt tuM • mu mu he*, tii
We STEM-GIT RECOMMEND you to start inch in _cco__t AT ON0B.
•t one of onr Olty Branchei. flv**
Oordon ud Abbott Kiln ud _5th Are,
fl. Hftrrlion, Manager
Main ud Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
1-7- $3 -fiftA ffSM. ..r;td04tlh,oB^,j";rsi,f.?; RIDAT December 22, 1922
fourteenth year. no. _« BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  Vancouver, b. c.
Do It NOW!
Attention given those teeth that are in
bad condition—RIGHT NOW—may
help you to have a happier Christmas.
See me at once. Don't run the risk of
having a tooth "break down" and spoil
ypur holiday festivities-
I'll give you honest advice as to what
should be done—and do it right-
J Dr. Brett Anderson
Phone Sey. 3331 Oor. Seymour
Dfi. BRETT ANDERSON, formerly member of the Faculty of the College
of Dentistry, University of Southern Csliforina, Lecturer on Grown and
Bridgework, Demonstrator in Platework and Operative Dentistry, Local and
Genoral Anaesthesia,
Vancouver Unions
■■   CoonoU—Preaident,   R.   H.   Neelands,
■ 4.L.A.; general aeoretary, Perey R. Ben-
fsough. Office; 80S, 819 Pander St. W.
V^hone Soy. 7486.   Meata In Labor Hall at
M p-m. on tbe firat and third Tueidaya
im month.	
w- ell—Meeta aecond Monday In Ua
rlnontb. Preaident, J. R. White; secre-
ftary, R. H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 68.
j Meeta aecond Thuraday every month,
fi|318 Pender St. W. Prealdeat, J. Bright*
meoli; financial aeeretary, H. A. Bowroii
ft849 Burna  St. 	
![■ tlonal Union of America—Loeal 120,
Vancouver, B.C., meeta aeoond and fourth
ruesdaya in each month in Room 81S, 819
Pender Street West. Preaident, 0. E.
Herrett, 71 Hastings St E. Secretary,
A. R. Jani, 820 Gamble St. Shop phona,
Sey. 8702. Reaidence phone, Doug.2-.71R.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and
riulpors of America, Local 194—Meetinga
.flrst and third Mondaya ln t-ach month.
t.Praiidetit, P. Willis; secretary, A, FraBer.
(Jfflce: Room SOB—819 Ponder St. W.
■.Office hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 6 p.m.
need bricklayers or masons fcr boiler
jworks,   etc.,   or   marble   setters,   phone
i[Bricklayers' Union, Labor Temple.
penters and Joiners, Local 452—Preal-
•ient, Wm, Dunn; recording secretary,
Jeo. Snell; business agent, Geo. H. Hardy.
Office: Room 804, 819 Pender St. W*
Meets second and fourth Mondaya, 8 p.in.,
, Room 5, 819 Pender St. W.	
flrst and third Fridays in each month,
mt  148 Cordova St.   W.    President,   J.
[White, 3405   Pender St. E.;   Secretary
Treasurer. Ooo. Harrison, 1835 Woodland
J Drive.  _
•   dova   St.   W.—Educational   meetings
every Sunday evening, 8 o'clock,    Busl-
Wess meetinga every Wednesday evening.
Kit. P. Pettipiece, ohalrman; E. H. Morrl*
■ eon, sec-treas.; J. Bennett, corresponding
¥ secretary. '  t
V Prosidont, M. MoDonald, No. 1 Fire-
J hall;   Seoretary,   0.   A.   Watson, No. 8
HFirehall. .
/ Union, Local 28—441 Seymour Street.
i MeeU first and third Wednesdays at 2.80
| p.m. Seoond and fourth Wednesdays at
I 8.30 p.m. Executive board meets every
L Tuesday at 8 p.m. President W. Colmar.
1 Business agent, A. Oraham.   Phone Bey.
r 168L	
Utrlal anion of all workera ln log*
IIgIng and conntruction camps. Coast Dis*
f-.trlct and 0«n<tral Headquarters, 01 Cor-
Ifdova St. W., Vancouver, B. 0. Phone Bey.
117858. J. M. Clarke, general sucrotary-
Utreasurer;  legal advisers,   Messrs,   Bird,
V Macdonald ft Go., Vancouver, B. Cj andl-
\i tors,   Messrs.   Buttar ft  Chiene.   vaneoa-
■flwr, B. 0. ■      	
"(MACHINISTS LOOAL 692—President,
LI Ed. Dawson; aeoretary, R. Hirst; busl-
l/nesi agent, P. R. Bengough. Offloe: 809,
PT 810 Pender St. W. MeeU ln Room 8,
■J 819 Pender St, W., on aeoond and fourth
B Tuesday in month.
^MACHINISTS LOCAL 182—President,
il 7Leo Oeorge; secretary, J. 0. Keefe;
lltmsiness agent, P. R. Bonjcough.    Offlce:
(809, 819 Pender St. W.   Meeta In Room
818, 819 Pander St, W. on flrst and third
I Thursdays ln month.
I     rators and Papernangers   of   America.
Local   13B,   Vancouver—Meets   2nd  and
4th Thursdays   at   148   Cordova  St.  W.
Phone Sey. 8491.   Buainess agent, R. A.
H Barker.	
Dock Builders, Loeal No. 2404—Meets
(In Labor Hall, J19 Pender St. W.. every
2nd and 4th Friday at 8 p.m. Jas. Thompson. Financial Secrotary.
St. Louis—Renewed vigor has been
put Into the local branch, Friends of
Soviet Russia, as the result of a visit
from F. G. Bledenkapp, New Toyk,
representing the F. S, R. Plana are
being completed for the sale of 11000
worth of hand carved toys and novelties, the product of Russian workers
and peasants. Bledenkapp is also F.
S. R, director for the Russian-American Industrial Corporation.
How About tho Label?
Why not demand the Union Label
on your Christmas purchases? Don't
you think it would help? Buy dad a
hat with the label, and mother a pair
of shoes with the approved stamp of
the Bhoe workers, and don't forget
that a union shave Is a good one and
will likely be also a sanitary one.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Two Thousand Club
417 PENDER ST. W. Phone Bey. 2186
12000 BENEFIT OLUB (incorporated
under the Societies Aot of B. 0.), 16.00
entranoo fee, $1 on death of a member,
and $1 a year. Age limit 50. Only a
limited number can join. Send for particulars to: 2000 Club, 417 Pender St.
W., Vancouver, B. 0.   Phone Sey, 2186,
i     135 Cordova St. W., P. 0. Box 571.
fr. Phone Sey. 8703.    Meetings every Mon-
/ day 7 y.m.   P. Hockaday, Business Agont
B    B. 0.—Formerly Firemen and Oilera*
M] Union    of    British    Columbia—Meeting
F ■ nlghta, flrst Tuesday and third Friday of
T eaoh month at 318 Oordova W.    President,
' R.   Thom;    vice-president.   R.   Morgan;
i secretary-treasurer,   W.   Donaldson.    Address,  813 Oordova St. W., Vancouvor,
j B.O.   "Victoria Branch Agent's address, W.
l Francis, 867 Johnson St., Viotorla, B.C.
1     Operating Engineers, Local 844, moots
I every Thuraday at   8   p.m„   Room   807
( Labor Temple.     Secretary-Treasurer,    N.
Qreen, 963 Hornby St. Phone Sey. 7048R.
Recording Seoretary, W.   Chandler,   1631
, Fell Ave-, North Vaneonver.	
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—MeeU K. P. Hall, 8th and Kingswar.
1st and 3rd Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and T
p.m. President, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke
Drive; recording-secretary, F. E. Griffin,
447—dth Avonue East;.treaaurer, A. F:
Andrew; financial-secretary and business agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Street; office, corner Prior and Mala
BU.   Phone Fair. 8604R.
Journeymen tailors'  union  oi1
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
Bret Monday in eaoh month, 8 p.m. Pres-
ident, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, Mn.
Dolk; recording aeoretary, 0. MoDonald,
P. 0. Box 608; financial seeretary, P.
MeNeisb, P. 0. Box 608.
Soviet Russia, Vancouver branch, meeta
firat and third Sundays each montb, 2
p.m., at 61 Cordova St. W, For Information write to branoh secretary, 8.T.A.S.R.,
61 Cordova St. W., Vancouver, B. 0.
Prosidont, Wm. Skinner; vice-president,
A. Tuckor; seoretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands. P. 0. Box 66. Moots last
Snnday of ench month at 2 p.m.	
No. 337—President J. J, Bogg, vice-
president, IV J. Stewart; seoretary-trras-
nrer, L. 0. Gilbert, P. 0. Box 476, Nanalmo, B. 0.
Patronize the Store
that Patronizes You
from 40c lb.
The latest issue , of the Pacific
Coast Lumberman contains the statement that the demand for fir and
hemlock ln the Northwest Pacific
Coaat haa increased 91 per cent, during the past year. On another page,
ln the same issue, we are told about
how small the profits are that are
being made in logging; and that It
was simply because of the small margin of profit that they were opposed
to the eight-hour day ahd an Increase
itt the comj>ensation paid Injured
workers. In fact, were one to believe this organ of master-class propaganda, we would be forced to the
conclusion that the only reason why
logging camps and sawmills have
been operated this year Is so that hungry slaves could get a job; but that
91 per cent. Increase in lumber production belles the statements about
decreased profits. However, if it is
Impossible for the lumber barons pn
this coast to make a living through
working the sawmill men ten hours
per day and the loggers eight, then
we would suggest that they turn
their plants over to the workers, and
let them run It for use Instead of for
The above Journal also contains the
usual monthly howl about the beat
method to train loggers. It is now
suggested to start a course of lectures
in the bunkhouses In order that the
loggers can be shown the inside workings of1 the industry, from the profits
of which, we are told, they draw their
pay. i Evidently the Inference from
this Is that the more efficient slave
a logger is, the larger the profits he
piles up for his master, the greater
will be his wage. That sounds fine;
but—we know it Isn't true. The contrary is the case. The harder he
works, the sooner will the market be
glutted, and the sooner will he be
thrown out of a Job, when he can
starve at leisure.
Probably if the editor of this
magazine would ask Hicks what has
become of all the experienced loggers,
and how it is that a training school ls
necessary, he might get the desired
information. All that requires to be
done is to count up the number
of blacklisted names on the card index. Yes, he might as well ask Hicks,
"the man who knows."
There is but little doubt but that
the blacklist has been a poor investment for the boss loggers. It has
cost them more than all the fires,
breakdowns and other "acts of God"
that they ever experienced, and it Is
going to cost them some more. The
end Is not yet by a long shot. They
figured that it would be cheaper to
operate a blacklist than accede to the
demands made by the members of
the Lumber Workers' Union; and that
through the blacklist they would be
able to weed out the active union
members, and thus crush the union.
However, there were certain things
they failed to consider. There happened to be certain men who refused to be weeded out, who refused
to be chased out of the country. There
were men who were too stubborn,
who were too good fighters to quit
and become servile tools; yes, there
were some whose determination not
to yield an inch of ground or an
ounce of principle, and the result is
the union Is still here, and what Is
more, ls going to remain here, blacklist or no blacklist. It is going to remain here because its membership
contains men who are determined to
stay hete aa long as they choose, and
organize in whatever manner they
feel like.
Whether the loggers' association
succeeds in establishing a night
school for turning out loggers or not
the union will remain, and gain ln
strength and knowledge as It gains in
experience.      ■'
(Copy of Letter Sent to G. Cascaden)
Windsor, Ont.
I wrote you last October asking you
to state what article two, that you
left out of your report, contained. 1
also sent a copy of that letter to the
"Industrial Worker" and the "B. C.
Fed.," but'up to date no reply has
come from you, neither has the "Industrial Worker" published it.
Is lt not time that you let the
workers know the truth about your
actions whilo in Moscow in 1921, and
why you are trying to cover up article
two, which you and George Williams
of the I, W. W. were the only two
to vote against? If the question waa
not worth voting on it surely was
worth publishing, so that we can
analyze it and form our own conclusions.
You claim to be a slave In revolt
against capitalism, yet you and your
associates are trying to camouflage
the issue by leaving out of your report
the parts that are of most importance to the workers, and patching up.
the whole matter to suit yourselves.
As you claim to be a press reporter,
you should be an expert at covering
up what you and your associates desire to hide, but nevertheless you will
have to go one better than you did
In your pamphlet "Shall Unionism
Die," as some of the slaves read
very closely what little they do read.
I as a wage slave who have something in common with the workers of
Russia, as well as with the workers
in other -parts of the world, demand
that you publish the full five articles
which you are partly trying to cover
up. We are not worrying about the
name of an organization, because
those who are patriotic to a name are
not out for the emancipation of the
Yours for Freedom,
from 35c lb.
from 35c lb.
How About tlio Label?
Why not demand-tho Union Label
■ on your Christmas purchases? Don't
| you think it would help? Buy dad a
i hat with tho labol, and mother a pair
iot shoes with tho approved stamp of
the shoe workers, and don't forgot
that a union shave ls a good one and
will likoly be also a sanitary one.
Local Chicken
from 30c lb.
Local Fowl
from 28c lb.
Xmas Hams, 33c lb.
Small Hind Legs of
Pork, 28c. lb.
The convention of the Coast Branch
of the Lumber Workers' Industrial
Union of Canada will be held in the
Loggers' Hall, 61 Cordova Street W„
Vancouver, B. C, January 3, 1923, at
10 a.m. The convention will be a
masB gathering of all members and
delegates from camps.
On behalf of the Coast Branch Executive,
J. M. CLARKE, Sec.
A Radical Labor Party
May Be Formed
(Continued from page 1)
included abolition of injunctions ln labor disputes; government relief of the
unemployed; a constitutional amendment abolishing child labor; repeal of
the Esch-CummlnB law; socialization
of the machinery of production and
distribution; unabridged right of collective bargaining and opposition to
the American plan and to compulsory
arbitration; Impeachment of Daugherty; use of troops in strikes; abolition
of the power of the courts to declare
legislation unconstitutional; a soldiers
bonus; recognition of Russia and of
Mexico; liberation of political prisoners; a referendum to precede declaration of war; and restoration of the
rights of freedom of speech and assemblage.
At a further ratification meeting,
speakers appeared from both the
Workers' Party (W. G. C. Turner, recently candidate for governor), and
the Socialist Party (Hugo Ernst, candidate for congress againBt Nolan at
the late election, and Adolph Germer).
Kid well also spoke. Edward Nolan,
one of the men tried with Mooney
and Billings, was chairman. A third
meeting:, under the auspices of the
Workers Party, was addressed by
Cameron King of tho Socialist Party,
and editor of its organ, the World,
and by James H. Fisher, acting editor
of Labor Unity, Federated Press member paper.
There are many explosive and antagonistic elements in this new combine,
but enthusiasm is running high, and
if Kid well can be elected or can even
make a good flght for congress, a real
Labor Party may grow out of it.
The chief feeling in San Francisco
seems to be that "anything may happen." Not since the formation of the
Rank and File Federation of Workers has so exciting an event occurred
In local Labor circles; and not since
the split in the Socialist Party in 1919
have the opposing factions seemed so
near co-operative action.
Front Legs Pork,
161c lb.
At Slater's Stores
123 Hastings St. E, Phone Sey. 3262
1191 Granville Si. Phono Sey. 6140
3260 Main St. Phono Fair. 1663
830 Granville St.     Phone Soy. S66
Santa Cruz, Cal.—James Rodarakls
was one of the boys who fought to
make democracy safe for the world.
In France he waa gassed and shell-
shocked. Admittedly hopelessly ill,
ho was refused admission to the base
hospital at Palo Alto. Weary of repeated fruitless trips and applications,
Rodarakls decided to cut tho red tape
and settle his own case. He put
bullet through his brain.
International Does
Not Like Policy
(Continued from Page 1)
those obtaining in the other districts
of the United Mine Workers of
America, and thatthe local districts
will receive complete autonomy, and
also that the limitations of Nova
Scotia in regard to outside competition In the sale of coal are recognized
by the incoming United Mine Workers of America, and will always be
borne in mind in the future, the
operators agreed to the proposed extension of the 'United Mine Workers
of America into Nova Scotia if that
should be the wish of the majority of
the mine workers,"
This, it Is argued, provides for
Nova Scotlan autonomy for District
No. 26. When the strike was called
April 1 ln the United States, District
No. 26 was not Included.
When the district strike was called
ln August no aid was forthcoming
from the international office.
Relying upon the autonomy granted
this district when organized, the miners of Nova Scotia adopted their
own lines of policy. At the conventlcn
last June the miners resolved to
affiliate with the Red International of
Labor Unions and their application
for affiliation Is now ln Moscow.
Alberta Miners Donate To
Comrades and Persecuted Workers
Nordegg, Alta., Dec 18.—One can
hardly look back upon the local union
meeting of the U. M. W. of A,; held
here yesterday, without feeling proud
of having attended. At the present
time, like other locals of the mine-
workers, Nordegg are paying heavy
assessments. International and district, etc., on top of these, the miners
assessed themselves fl.00 for the purpose of having a good Christmas tree,
where very child in camp will receive
a gift.
This, together with the regular appeals from brothers really in distress,
sure makes it an abnormal period for
dipping into the Jeans.
However, It Is pleasing to state that
a miner's appeal from an outside camp
got favorable attention. The brother
having injured his spine some years
ago, and as a consequence was unable
to follow any employment. The accident happened prior to the establishment of Alberta Compensation act and
the injured brother was unsuccessful
in the courts with his disability claim.
Some few wanted to donate from
the local treasury, a cheap practice of-
times indulged in by a few individuals.
However, the meeting without dissent,
voted to assess themselves $1, instructing the secretary to write the district
offlce with the hope—not request—
that other locals might take somewhat
similar action, and thereby avoid Bro.
Timilichuk the necessity of periodically appealing to the locals. Tonight
a brother quartz miner'Is raffling off
some real good watches In camp, a
few hundred of the brothers have
taken one or more tickets to support
said brother, this being his method of
getting his livelihood.
It was in the atmosphere just described, that the appeal was read
from the Labor Defense Council of
Chicago, appealing for support in order that Foster, Dunne, Ruthenburg
and others might have some chance
of defense In the courts. A motion to
flle in view of the present heavy drain
upon the membership, particularly If
no explanation other than the correspondence had been given would almost surely have carried. However,
the correspondence had been very
clearly read. The president stated
no doubt some brother would speak
on. it. Comrade Dave Rees took
the floor. Asking the local to forget him and not to think he was
talking for the sake of talking, but
to take note of what was said. He
dealt with the apathy ot men in
taking the floor, and pointed out
that many who did not speak oftimes
stated how they would like if they
could get up; how pleased they would
fie, etc. He stated the convicted men
n Michigan are the mouthpieces of
thousands who do not speak; and if
Foster and others have expressed and
are expressing your views, then you
have a duty to perform now, where
action will speak louder than words.
He then dealt with the state of Michigan citing tho Christmas treo that
was boing held on Christmas eve, ln
an upstairs room, when some flend
shouted fire, having already barricaded the door at the bottom of the
stairs, causing over 70 Innocent little
children to be crushed to death.
Touching also on the almost unbelievable to some, the clubbing senseless
of Charles A. Moyer during a strike
and the thugs taking him on the train
out of the state and dropping him
helpless at a pre-arranged point He
was scathingly sarcastic on the land
of the brave and the free, and particularly the State of Michigan.
Then he came homeward and again
reminded us that Pritchard, Russell,
Johns, Ivens, et al. of Winnipeg, were
the mouthpieces during the Winnipeg
strike; how we cheered and applauded
and cheered them on, but were all our
consciences clear that we had
done our duty by their families while
the comrades mentioned suffered in
Stony Mountain ponitentlary? With
further forceful, passionate remarks,
eloquently put forward. The speaker
asked the chair If he might be excused
if he aped the example of ftlcBrlde
when in    Canada,    forthwith asked:
Minneapolis—After a sories of hearings in which testimony was heard
from coal dealers, contractors, railroad
officials and representatives of the
Federated Shop Crafts, an Investigating committeo composed of city aldermen have placod iho blame on the
railroads for tho coal shortage delay
in city and county work, and tho general chaotic condition that prevails in
ihe northwest. Throughout the hearings railroad officials refused to discuss the striko, and made no attempt
to refute figures given by R. A. Henning, northwest chairman Federated
Shop Crafts, showing that the output
of locomotives and car repair shops
was far bolow normal.
Said Bill to his mate, as he sat ln tho
"I'm just off to vote for a very good
For a very good man.
He's a friend of all stiffs, I'd like you
to know,
But not of the bosses, who rake in
the dough,
Who rake In the dough."
But alas! for poor Bill and his matey
called John,
They never got there, for the Juice was
all gone.
For the Juice was all gone.
Quite still the car stuck from four
until six;
As Bill said to John, 'twas a deuce of
a fix.
'Twas a deuce of a flx.
A bad little bird, all bent on a spree
With evil intent came out of a tree,
Came out of a tree.
And a circuit he made between two
of the wiros
And he did it, of course, without pincers or pliers
Without pincers or pliers.
And this Is quito true, believe it you
For so It was told to tho newspaper
To tho newspaper man.
Tho big man, ho said, at tho 5 O'clock
"That dear, littlo dlckic bird camo Juat
ln timo,
Camo Just In time.
There are powers up abovo that men
and birds guide.
And   'tis   vory  wfcll-known  that   tlie
Lord's on our side,
That the Lord's on our side."
Come and Look at this
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B. C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent appearance, good weight, and fine finish,
fitted with six cooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl_%-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy .nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $26.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying, and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
Hudson's Bay Company
How many will give $10? By plugging away, the speaker got twelve to
give $10, a whole number $5 winding
up with $240 taken ln cash on the
spot, $35 more promised and Instructions to post the list of donations and
the names of the donors up In the
club. A committee was appointed to
take charge of the matter.
In this way, I feel sure Nordegg
wtll surely send over $300 to the Labor Defense Council.
Now, if other locals and Individuals
would enter whole-heartedly Into this
affair, lt would have quite an effect;
let alone the comfort given to the
comrades arrested—the thought that
they are not forgotten.
Let Canada put herself on the map,
and whilst we cannot boast any more
about our freedom than our comrades
to the south of us, we can show the
hotten State of Michigan that we are
behind the comrades they seek to persecute. The guns of our arrested comrades and typewriters and mineogra-
phs sure strikes terror Into the hearts
and pocket books of the copper barons.
Now, Canadian Internationalist comrades, let's pour all the sinews of war
possible into Michigan. The move
ment cannot afford to lose these men.
The Job is up to us, so let's be real
patriots. Give until it hurts.- The
flght Is ours.
Drugless Healing
Downie Sanitarium
Sey. 603, High. 21341.
'THIS Is our flfth movo In five
•*■ years, each time to larger
premises. Wo have added to
our equipment each time—
doean't thts look liko wo wero
succeeding. Wo have never
made extravagant claims; wo
just do tho work and lot it
speak for us. Don't you think
this is thc bettor way?
During tho month of Dix-cm-
Iht and January all examinations will in-
Anil to introduce tho now treat-
incut ull priros will bo rcdurod
f   50 l'EH CENT.
Nolo Address:
Cor. ltloJinnls and Hastings
London—Tho British ministry of
Labor states that Nov. 1, the cost of
living was approximately 80 per cent,
above that of July, 1914, and 2 per
cent, highor than Sept. 1 this year.
Logging Men!
Christie's No. 200 Calfskin
Single Bole Stitchdown Boot
ls the lightest and molt Bex-
Ible Logging Boot ever made.
If jou h. ,o_r lad u • il__n-
-ftmm.r an hooks, ob.lna, .to.,
then bor Ohrlitle'i Mo. SO .nd ,e
el It Wnl.rproo-i (-■ruU.d to
bold eaulki.
Christie Boot
Pbone Sey. M70
YYtvry Mon., W«d. ud Sat, Evenlnn
80, HORNBY ST. Opp. Court Booh
Kindling Freo
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern '
Rntes Reasonable
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
fourteenth year, no. 46 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  Vancouver, b. o.
FRIDAY December 22, 11
Store Open This Evening
And Tomorrow Evening
of unusual
English Pure-wool Gabardine
A well-finished serviceable coat in desired shade of fawn; made
with belt, slash pockets, storm cuffs and convertible collar.
Guaranteed weather proof. A very unusual $ 1 Q C/\
value at only $ 1 «/.«_)U
Rubberized Tweed Coats
A rainproof coat in fancy tweed mixtures, plain browns, etc.
Belted models. Regular values up to $18, Not a heavy coat,
but ideal for this climate.  Now selling aa g*f\
at only *t|)*/.DU
Largest stock of all-wool smartly tailored overcoats in the
city, most moderately priced.
For His Christmas
Select your gifts from well varied, large range of furnishings, most moderately priced
Oomplete Satisfaction Always Guaranteed
45-49 Hastings St., East
Mail Orders Sent Express Prepaid Upon Receipt of Price
Dr. Curry on the Evolution
of Man
The rocks which tell us that our
ancestors were once fish, and reptiles.
One of the most popular of the
various educational activities of the
Workers' Party is Dr. Curry's lectures on Science and the Evolution
of Man.
Last Thursday, Geology and Fossil
Remains was the subject, and from
Dennis Hurd's picture book of evolution, many extremely interesting pictures were shown.
curs In this group and marks the
growth of fern-treeB which flourished
for millions of years, and which
through heat and pressure were transformed into coal which today heats
the houses of Vancouver. The carboniferous age developed the roof-
headed amphibians, from which mammals or animals which suckle their
young and from which apes, and the
human race evolved.
In the secondary group reptiles
appear; some animals have left the
water entirely by this time, and here
Many    million    years    after    the   .. ■        _ _,
earth had -.parted from the _.n, it  *° '°™'"s, °< ^*__**___ "£ °
The Chiropractic Bill
207 Hastings St. W. Phoae Seymour 2098
had cooled off sufficiently for oxygen
and hydrogen to unite Into water, and
tho great warm shallow seas were
preparing to develop that mysterious
property of matter and motion termed
life. All the elements of which living organisms are composed existed
In the solar nebulae and In the
primordial seas.
The earliest forms of life, such as
protozoan, the amoebae, jelly fish,
worms, etc., boing without bony htruc-
ture or shells, have left no record in
the rocks, so that the Archean deposits, consisting of gravel, sand, etc.,
and estimated at 65,000 feet In thickness, and 100,000,000 years in forming, contains very little in the way of
fossil remains.
The speaker told how, that modern
geology, based on the orderly succession of fossil remains representing
life, waa discovered by Wm. Smith,
not much over a century ago, and
that this discovery was followed up
by the publication of Sir Charles
Lyles great work, "The Principles of
Geology," in which Lyle championed
the cause of evolution.
A table of the stratified rock was
shown on the screen; lt was divided
into five main groups, and on this the
lecture was based.
The lower group has heen dealt
with. The next in order toward
modern times is the primary group.
This contains fossils belonging to
species almost entirely extinct from
those of today. They consist of small
shellfish, molluscs, not unlike our
clams and cockles of B. C, but there
are no animals with bony frames, and
none which can inhabit the land.
Near the top of this division in the
Devonion system are found fish of a
lower order. These are the first of
the vertebrates, and at the top of
this primary group the first amphibians are found. These are animals
which can breathe air, and live on
land, or in the water, and this represents a point in evolution, when some
of the inhabitants of the sea ln their
struggle for existence had crawled on
shore, and began to breathe oir.
Dr. Curry here'showed some "living
fossils" representing this stage, and
these inhabit Australia today. They
are a curious type of fish, which,
when tho streams dry up, hobble
about on their fins, and even climb
trees.    The carboniferous period oc-
Multnomah Wood and Lumber Yard
Our No. 2 Shingles Are Cheaper Than Roofing Paper
1900 MARINE DRIVE EAST Phone Fraaer 107 L2
At the Orpheum
Lou Tellegen—Several yeara ago
when Madame Mernhardt came to
America for a farewoll tour, her leading man was a young Frenchman,
named'You Tellegen. When the "Divine Sarah" returned to her "La Belle
France," Bhe was sans her leading
man, for Mr. Tellegen decided to remain here and cast his lot with the
theatre of the New World. The decision was a vry fortunate one, because
Jn, the fQW years that intervened, Mr.
tellegen has become one of our foremost stars. For the past three years,
he was very successful in a play of his
own called "Blind Youth." He haa
also headed companies presenting
"Marie Rose," "King of Nowhere,"
and "Tho Ware Cass."
Mr. Tellegen has acted practically
all over the world. It Is not unusual
for a player to act in a country where
his own languago Is spoken, but as
Mr. Tellegen speaks five languages
fluently, ho has been able to play al
most everywhere, and therefore, has
become known as "The International
Actor." He Is a graduate of the conservatory of Paris, and is an author
and sculptor. Ho learns tho patter as
pupil o ftho famous Rodin. Mr. Telle'
gon has made a condensed version of
"Blind Youth," and with his own supporting company, ho Is to bo seen In
birds are found, and the pre-mammal
has made Its appearance.
In division eight of the second
group, known as the Jurassic system,
is found the huge fossil remains of
those monstrous reptiles of the At-
lantasourls type. These were sometimes 150 feet long, and over twenty
tons in weight. Somo of these hideous
monsters were shown on the screen,
tho speaker explaining that the
were a side line, and not our direct
ancestors, notwithstanding their
characteristic of small brain, and
prodigious stomach, which remind us
of some existing specimens of our
race. The cretacious period marks
a development of our groat chalk deposits. Chalk ls composed of the tiny
shells of marino life, and It required
millions of years for the chalk cliffs
of old England to develop. In the
third or tertiary group the vertebrae
or hack-boned animals are similar to
those of today, and true mammals
make their appearance as the dominant type. In the upper part of the
tertiary group the fossil remains of
cats, antelopes, pigs and apes appeared.
The fourth or quaternary section
shown on the screen embraces modern times, but its lower stage marks
the scenes of a great Ice age, which
destroyed the greater part of animal
life where it occurred. In Europe
alone the ice fields covered over 700,-
000 square miles, and were sometimes
6000 feet thick, and yet primitive man
lived through the ice age as the cave
The testimony of the rocks is a
great story of the evolution of life,
and life is traced back to its great
mother—the sea.
There is no evidence of "special
creation," or of Noah's flood, but
there is everywhere evidenced the
evolutionary surge upwards from simple to complex.
The week before many marvellous
specimens of fish were shown, having on their bodies luminous spots
to light the abysmal depths they Inhabit, and to attack their prey.
Other flsh were shown possessing
electric batteries, in some cases
strong enough to stun a man, and to
kill outright tho prey on which these
marvellous products of naturo exist.
Next week the subject will be,
"Links proving evolution, which are
not missing."
Minimum Wage
Meeting Held Up
(Continued from Page 1)
Thc Label Trades Committee urges
all workers to purchase union-made
goods wherever possible when making Chrlstmnt* purchases.
Fc-tlcratlonist advertisers carry
un ton-made goods, and can supply
the demand*- of the organized workers, Tlie F-Hh.rutionJst in the medium
which they use Co acquaint the members of tho different unions, m to tlie
quality nnd price of their goods,
Sonic of The Federatlonist adver-
tlscn. hare used tlie columns of this
1-Upt.r for years tq advertise their
wares, and If the workers are cousin*
tent, they will buy union-made goodB
and purchnse from thobe merchants
who patronize the only expression of
the organized Labor movement In
One dollar and fifty cents ls the cost
for a six months' subscription to The
Buy at a union store.
roar Nights and three Mttlnoas
The   International  Actor
 VI38EB b 00.	
Chester— —Lola
official in question, and that It was
not what he had done which counted,
but what ho had not accomplished.
Delegate Davis took the position
that it was not the officer who was to
blame, but the department, which in
some cases instructed him as to what
he should do even after he had arrived at a decision and rendered his
version of the dispute, and the means
to settle lt. He also stated that it
was at Ottawa where the cleaning up
was needed, and scored the minister
of Labor for the administration of
his department.
The amendment instructing the executive to take action was adopted.
The minutes of the meeting called
to secure the united political front of
the workers, was received and
Label League Reports
Delegate Herrett, reporting for the
Label Trades committee, stated that
the lust dance had been a success, and
that the next event would be held on
the third Friday in January. He appealed for the support of all unions
and every member of organized labor
ln the boosting of the union label.
Calling attention to a circular issued
by tho Labor Trades department of
the A. F. of L., ln which all trades
unionists are urged to purchase union
label goods when shopping for Christmas, Delegate Herrett pointed out
that it was necessary for every trades
unionist to holp his fellow worker.
He also Introduced a notice of motion
to the effoct that all delegates to the
council wear at least one garment
with the union label on. This motion
will be dealt with at the next meeting.
Tho tailors announced that they
would hold a celebration on the 25th
.anniversary of the formation of the
local, the date being January 24,
Heating Plant
Delegate Smyllie, of the Plumbers
and Steamfltters, again brought the
Central Heating plant question to the
fore, when ho stated that he was of
tho opinion that the bylaw was lost,
owing to it being sandwiched among
the money bylaws, the electors thinking that it would cost them something. He asked that the council take
action to have tho 1023 City Council
take a plebiscite on the question.
Delegato Bengough stated that he
did not think that tho city was to
blame for tho defeat of the bylaw,
but that he was of the opinion that
the company which had been granted
tho franchise ponding tho decision of
tho electors, woro asloop at the switch.
Delegato Smyllie pointed to the fact
that tho Central Heating plant would
do much lo Improve (ho smoke Situation, and the City Council should
havo ndvortlsed it.
Dologato Pettipiece, discussing the
motion, statod that there were threo
outflts after tho franchise, the local
company wns so nnxious to got It that
thoy had put bonds to tho extent of
110,000, nnd had nlso undertaken to
provido tho necessary publicity. He
also stated that tho bylaw provided
for a three-flfths voto to carry it. He
stated that it would take $B000 for
the city to tako another vote, and he
thought that the company should pay
the freight.
Delegate Hardy endorsed the stand labor.
Vancouver Trades Council
Views Were Forwarded
to Local Member
Mrs. ,M. E. Smith, M. L, A., when
speaking on the eight-hour bill, intro.
duced by Major Dick Burde, Btated
that she had never received a com'
munlcatlon from any Labor organlza^
tlon asking her to support the bill, or
words to that effect. The following
copy of a letter sent to her in 1921 ls
a refutation of that statement:
Vancouver, B. C,
Nov. 12, 1921.
Dear Madam: I have been instructed to forward you a copy of the following resolution, unanimously endorsed by tho above council.
We trust that you will do your utmost towards the placing on the statutes of an act in conformity with
our request.
"Whereas, the most serious menace
to the well-being of this Province is
the large number of our citizens who
are unable to secure employment, and
"Whereas, this situation can be
greatly improved by the general introduction of the eight-hour day, the
establishment of which, in industries
at present working ten hours per day,
would provide employment for* one
other to every four persons at present
employed; thorefore, be it
"Resolved, that the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council petition the
members of the Provincial government
to do all in their power to pass an act
establishing and limiting the hours of
labor to eight hours per day, and 44
hours per week, In each and every industry operating ln this Provinco."
Thanking you In anticipation, yours
Not only was Mrs. Smith Informed
as to the views of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, but every
member of the House received a conv
munication pointing out the wishes of
the council. The workers might remember this fact when they are next
called on to vote for aspirants to poll'
tical ofllce.
While it is true tho council did not
ask Mrs. Smith to support the bill introduced by the member for Alberni,
yet the fact remains that she was no<
tifted that tho council was in favor of
eight-hour day legislation.
Herrin Miners Put Up
A Strong Defence
(Continued from page 1)
taken by Delegate Pettipiece, and said
if a privato company wants favors,
then such concerns should be willing
to pay any expenses in connection
with the securing of the favors.
Delegate Smyllie, In closing the debato on a motion to have an effort
made to have another voto taken,
stated that the city would be pleased
to pay a large sum to have the smoke
nuisance abated, and asserted that it
would take much more than the cost
of taking a vote to do this. The motion was carried.
The Garbage Tax
Delegate Herrett raised the question
of the garbage tax, by moving that
steps be taken to have this tax re
moved, so far as householders are
Delegate Pettlplece 'stated that in
the past, the city had been unable to
tell who was doing the dumping of the
garbage, so it was decided that the
city must have a monopoly, and find
out who were creating the nuisances
which were complained of, and that
this method of raising the money for
providing the necessary equipment
was adopted. He also intimated that
in so far as householders were concerned, the act would be repealed.
A resolution, introduced by Delegate Showier, condemning the Rev.
A. E. Cooks for his strictures on Vancouver as being a cesspool of iniquity,
caused considerable debate. The
mover of the motion took the stand
that he objected to being classed as a
Delegate Nixon stated that at one
time he had been ln a lunatic asylum
as a visitor, and one of the inmates
had stated to him that he (Nixon)
was crazy, realizing the source of the
statement, he did not object ln that
case, and in this one he could not see
any cause for protest, when the source
was considered.
Delegato Pettipiece took the position that the workers should stick to
their lasts, and not bother with cleaning up the mess which capitalism
created, and that the workers had too
many other things to do, and the
matter should be left to the mayor,
who wag the head of the police commission,
Delegate Hardy stated that advertising was necessary if Mr. Cooke was
to get his church full to see the vaudeville, while Mra. Mahon scored the
reverend gentleman for his Insinuations on-the telephone girls some time
ago. The resolution was eventually
A communication calling attention
to the fact that some union Journals
are not printed on union-made paper,
from the Eagle lodgo of tho International Brotherhood of Papermakers,
Holyoke, Mass., was referred to tho
local unions for action.
A dolegato from the Painters Union
nskod if tho statement mado by Mrs.
M. E. Smith in the Provincial House,
to the effect that she had never had
a communication from a Labor organization in connection with the 8-
hour dny question, wns true, was answered by tho secrotary, who stated
that ho had circularized all memberB
of tho House on this question, and that
whilo somo of tho members had acknowledged the receipt of the letter,
Mrs. Smith had not replied,
Tho Milk Salesmen and Dairy Employeos roported that tho Valloy Dairy
was still on the unfair list, and that
the Purity, City and Frasor Valley
dairies  wore   all   fair   to  organized
"And now in this case they aro assailed for wanting to protect nnd conserve this organization. They wanted
tb save this organization which hns
meant so much not only to the miner
himself and to his wife and children, but to tho great state itself, and
when I say state I mean tho poople,
becauso after all it ls the people that
constitute the state."
Kerr said that violating his contract with the union, W. J. Lestor
■president, Southern Illinois Coal Co,
proceeded to recruit a private army
from professional man killers ouhiido
tho law, with reckless disregard for
tho taking of human life. He said
Lester had not brought them into Williamson county to protect property
which was being invaded or do
stroyed. None of Lester's proporty
rights was assailed. There was a Sab
bath-like calm from ono end of Williamson county to another. "Among
the gunmen." said Kerr, "we find the
deceased, Howard Hoffman, now suid
to this jury to huve been in the 'Peace
of the People' when he was killed."
Kerr narrated 16 specific instances
of acts of violence committed by Lester's gunmen upon farmers and miners and their families ln the neighborhood of the mine from June 15 to the
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Pierre Paris
Hastings W. ]
day before the rioting when three
union miners wero .tilled by the mino
guards. "Operators all through tho
country were watching the progress
of the efforts In this county with the
keenest interest. If the .company had
boen successful In the attempt to mine
coal during tho strike the tactics
would have beon adopted by other
operators and the strike would have
been broken. A community rose up in
defense of its homes. By this act of
self-defense it served notice on the
American gunmen that this wos not a
safe community into which to send
hired murderers."
He then gavo an outline of the history of tho use of gunmen ln labor
disputes in this country. He cited 23
instances beginning with the .Homestead striko In 1892 and continuing
through Cripplo Crook, Colorado; Ludlow, Mingo, tho Michigan copper
strikes, up to the present time. Ho
said in the cases cited moro than 300
workers had been killed by gunmen
who went unpunished for their acts.
"Tlie killing of Howard Hoffman
was homicide and not murder. Somo
day and in somo courtroom a jury will
say that tho timo has come to stop
the importation into peaceful communities of this typo of man. I believe that day will come in this trial.
I believe that It ls this jury that will
Immortalize itself by freeing all communities for all time from the sinister influence of the American gunmen."
The lawyer for the dofense quoted
from an intorview with Attorney-
general Brundage In which tho latter
said of the importation of gunmen
"that was an open challenge for the
idle, dissatisfied and in many cases
hungry mon for a buttle,"
He accused tho prosecution of having been "wickedly careless in tho He-
lection of their dofendant-i." "We
will show you in this cs.se that Otis
Clark, Bert Grace, Poseph Cai'naghl,
iore j
id you that 200*
td the mob whlcil
: of 2000 or mo _
Leva Mann und Peter Hlller nut onj
had nothing whutever to do with CI
killing of Howard Hoffman or any if
his associates, but that ihey were ii
positions nnd places at a time whe
It would Imvi. been phycicai.y Impossl
ble for them to have had anything, j
do with it. Wo will produce here"
great number of men of r-jput
their community who were &lan<
along the lino of march whicn lod
the place of the killing. Thoy will ttl
you that not a single ono of thoso dJ
fendants was In that march." H
concluded by quoting from authori
ties to show that the killing of Uov,
ard Hoffman could not be regarde
as a single event but must be tnkri
in connection with the circumstance
preceding it.
"The slate has told you that 200
people or more formed
killed the scabs.   Out
pooplo the state    hns   selected   flvj
whom they want to make victims.    |
"Why then, you ask, are these flvii
Indicted? Because the prosecuting
authorities of the state of Illinois
yiolded to private Influence. Th'eJr
place and thoir status is taken by tl
private organization composed of mer
of groat wealth, 'the Illinois Chambef,
of Commorco.' '
"Actuated by a desire for venj
goance, eager to do anything that win
help to destroy organized labor, thii
chamber of commerce ls the organlzalj
tion that prosecutes In this case.       j
"You and you alone," he told th«
jury, "stand between these defendant
and this cry for revenge. Let the 1ft.1
bo your guide, let the facts be you
support and let justice be your pro
duct.   Wo want nothing more."
Minneapolis—Labor and Socially
aldermen In tho city council
business trip to Washington arrange-!
their journey so thnt it will be oV«
railroads which have settled with th
shop craft unions.
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Phones:  Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490


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