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British Columbia Federationist Aug 29, 1924

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Balance as Between Property and
- Labor Should Be Adjusted
When Occasion Offered
Fascism and Murder—
f|      Salvation by Force
Taxation Should Aim at Securing
for the Communal Beneflt All
Unearned Wealth
FOR the Benefit of those who are
___ interested in ttys question of
taxation in its broadest sense, we givo
a fow quotations from a comrade's
speech  delivered overseas:
Mr. Gladstone In on address to hia
electors told that tho balanco of taxation as betweon property, and labor1
Should bo adjusted when occasion
offered. Here are Mr. Chamberlain's estimates at that time of tho
balance of taxation.
Uppor and middle classes: Taxable
income, £639,000,000; present taxation, £38,000,000; r»to « per cent.
Working classes: Taxable income,
£203,000,000; present taxation, £27,-
000,000; rate 13.5 per cent. v
* The reason why the balance was
not. adjusted was because of the increasing expenditure due to acquiring colonial extension by peaceful
and other methods, explained the politician..
So long as England or Indeed any
country is content to form a part of
a political system such as that which
now prevails in Europe, and which
iB littlo better than an armed camp,
all hope of effectual social progress
must be set aside. Resources will
not suffice to sustain such armies as
are kept up in countries like France
and Italy and at the same time engage In competition with countries
liko England. It ls -really impossible to disarm without revolution or
destructive war. Rovolution was
coming in Germany and tho alternative was war to baulk the movement.
As Mr, Atkinson said in 1884, America has prepared for work while the
last generation of our people has so
mismanaged the business of International diplomacy that we are Involved ln the Moloch. We would
have bcen far better occupied Jn
helping our German fellow-workmen
to work out their own emancipation.
And now tho workers are paying for
tho war.
Just lot us considor what taxation
really Is and what it exists for. A
_ tax Is a rato Imposed on proporty or
■ persons for thc beneflt of lho state.
In early times, we must tako it, taxation would be ln kind, and would be
used by one community In exchange
for work or produce which it received from anothor. Afterwards the
coming of warlike races such as
those of Assyria brought the beginning of trouble. The existence of tho
kings and nobility who ceased to bo
producers In thoir rolo of conquerors, made them drag on lhe rest who
had to work for them. This was
.followed up by standing armies and
11 the rest of tho functionaries,
ourtiers, servants, etc., who had to
make up the fabric of conquering
itates. The peoplo had to feed the
,'drones. Tlie tax on the producors
aried according to the size of the
rmy of non-producers, and now It
ad becomo a burdon. The nobility
'ound the new system all right, and
hoy extended It. Subjoct races had
io pay tribute to them and generally
sslst In the erection of tho beautiful,
loul-insplrlng system, of which sue-
lessive, fttue-bloodod financiers ln
his and every country are so proud
Previous to the Napoleonic wars
e method of taxation followed Jn
Ingland was indirect. This was
ost unfair in Its arrangoments
e working classes paid far moro
lan their share of tho tax. Taxes
ere levied on everyduy necessities
Now  let  us  consider  incomo tax.
is essentially unfair in tho    pro-
■rlion tho    working    classes    pay
t consider tho injustice of a tax
hlch   includes   one   of   us  workors
1th tho Dukes of Sutherland, Bed-
rd   or Westminster.   Tho   income-
,  even  with  tho  heavy super-tax
to-day, is unjust, bocauso It Is a
rden on one class of tho commun
but it does not affect those most
ile to pay.   There has been a move
foot to tax tho quarterly dividends
co-oporatlve societies which    are
imposed   of  working  peoplo.   This
easily understood as an    attempt
the big food magnates to smash
movement  which   promised   great
iBstbllltcs in the direction of eman
ipatlon from trusts and monopolies.
What Is the remedy?   First, overy
irson  over twenty-one  should  pay
proportionate sum per    head
rding to earnings.   There would be
additional    tax   on    Investments,
.ving' clear    of    taxation    savings
m earned Incomes.      It would be
ifalr to tax 'these    latter.   Ab far
possible, indirect taxation should
discontinued.     But   no    taxation
Jpuld be Imposed which encroaches
tho  individual   means  to  supply
^vsical and primary needs or those
dependents.   Taxation should also
at securing for   the    communal
eflt all  unearned   wealth.    Spec
taxation should be levied on un'
ned Incomes, except such returns
come from the saving of workers'
nings up to ?20 per   week,   nnd
Jould aim deliberately at prevent
ickham Steed, Editor Review1
,\.        of   Reviews]
Fasc/^, . . a movoment born of
foar, vured on violence and sustained Y.."flvjn tolerance. Mussolini now
stands V ,Tfc".un embarrassed Cresar
In inlnaV .*$;.. . , His tenuro of power may >.,■ . loug or short; but ho
will prove^ himself to bo a stronger
man than he has yet shown himself
if ho can lay the evil spirits ho has
conjured up.—"Quintessence of Fascism," Review of Rovlows, October,
POLITICAL murder, 'hardly to be
dignified by the namo of assina-
tion, has once more brought Italy
to a turning point in^. her history.
Everything is at stake—the achievements of her Rlsorglmonto. that
aroused the enthusiasm of England
in the'nineteenth century; hor wolfare and iqoral credit at home and
abroad; her honor and her place|
among civilized communities. For
everything her poople held dear in
the post, everything thai gained
them tho sympathies of other nations, a few men, supported by the
silent approval of millions of right-
thinking, hard-working Italians, are
now struggling at the risk of their
lives. Their struggle is tragic. No
phase of the RIsorgimento surpassed
tt In grandeur. It is the flght of right
against tyranny, of righteousness
against interested or cynical expediency. Tho semblance of justification
that has hitherto been used to veil
the criminality of Fascist methods, the ignorant condonation of
those methods by blind partisans of
"order" ln Great Britain and other
countries, do but invest with higher
virtue tho civic courago of the handful of Italian public men, who despite threats of personal violence to
themselves, denounce boldly Fascism and declare "This thing Js
evil; we will have none of It." They
mny, in their turn, be murdered.
They know the risks they run. But
they know also that they have already lit in Italy a light, that cannot
henceforth be put out.
On June 10th the Fascist system
of terror culminated—for the present—In tho kidnapping and the
murder, at the instanco of highly-
placed Fascists in Rome, of the
moderate socialist leader, Signor
Matteotti. So atrocious wero the
circumstances of this crime that tho
public conscience of Italy has been
profoundly stirred. It was by
means the flrst Fascist murder. A
long list of bloody deeds, running
Into thousands, had preceded it with
apparent impunity. But it is the
last drop that causes the cup to
overflow. A system relying on violenco as its means of government
hast borno fruit so hideous in Its
truthfulness to type as to appal the
Italian peoiple. Now that people is
confronted by a question which no
people can long evade and still thrive
—whether murder, authorized or undertaken by the ostensible custodians of the stato and of the law, is or
is not tolerable in a civilized land.
The Fascist doctrine is, in substance, that violence and murder
are the Inevitable and perhaps necessary accompaniments of a movoment designed to crush the violence
of communism; and that when opposition to Fascism shall have ceased,
these unpleasant but, on the Whole,
natural phenomena will disappear
also. In other words Fascism, which
is inverted bolshevism,    believes    ln
Verrv n Concern Employs Men at
Twenty Oents an Hour—Women
Work Piece Work
[From our own Correspondent]
Vernon, B. C Aug. 27, 1924.-
Vei'ily Canada is a land of oppor
tunity. Here wo have in Vernon a
large building owned, by the city,
and at present routed for a term of
years to an evaporating concern.
It is only operated for a few months
at a time during the fall. Workers
have always been Paid the lowest
wage, but this year receive the mag.
nlflcent sum of 20 cents, per hour
to Blave and sweat, evaporating ap'
pies. What a glorious opportunity!
An opportunity to slave for 20 centa
per hour to pile up hugh profits ifor
an out-of-town concern. And not
Withstanding the fact of a minimum
wago law for women, a law by tho
way from which they derive no benefit as thoy are put at piece.work,
they only receive about 4 or 5 cents
per box of about 40 pounds of ap
pies fop peeling. One would think
that as tho city owned the property,
tho city council would see to it that
the workers received a standard
wnge. Not so, howver, for like
Brer Rabbit, they aro laying Jow
and saying nothing.
ing the  retention  of groat  fortunes
in private hands.
Being strongly of thc opinion that
tho cost of social reforms should be
borno by socially created wealth
now appropriated by tho rich in the
form of rent, intorost and profit. ■
would suggest tho foregoing meas-
ures as palliatives to help ua on our
way to the realization of our ideals.
vation by force, including murder. The Italian people as a wholo
dissents from this view and is coming again to believe that political
salvation is to bo found only in representative government and in the
supremacy of tho law. Thc issue,
in Italy is which view shall prevail.'
Tho story of Fascism was told in.
the Octobor number of The Review
of Rovlows. Undeniably, it rendered
somo service to Italy. The majority
of its adherents wero honest, although misguided. It put an endi
to communist excesses. Technically,!
order was restored in the country.
Strikes ceased. Trains were punctual. The public services worked regularly. But the problem ' of
providing for the Fascist "National
Militia" remained; and also the
problem  of dealing with  parliament.
Far from destroying all opposition, the excess of Fascist violenco
tended to turn public feeling in somo
degree .'towards moderate socialism
whose exponents the Fascists pitilessly attacked. The denial of freedom to tho pross likewise caused
restntment. The wrecking of printing machinery and the throwing of
bombs, even into the offices of moderate conservative newspapers which
did not approve of Fascist "methods,
disquieted public feeling. Mussolini,
therefore, determined to make a parliament after his' own heart which
should sanction all his deeds. Under Intimidation, . the chamber
adopted an electoral reform so con.
ceived that Fascism would be sure of
a twof-thirds majority. . Yet, at tho
gonoral election last April, despite
general intimidation, an unexpectedly large proportion of the electorate showed its disapproval of Fas.
cism. Obviously, a crisis was nt
Very few hints of this situation,
were given by the British press.
The majority of English journals
and of their correspondents at Rome
continued to belaud Mussolini aB
the saviour of Italy. When all allowances are made for the Influence
of Fascist terrorism, It Is hard to
understand why leading British
journals should have failed" so signally to tell the truth There Were
some honomblo exceptions, especially the Manchester Guardian, the
New Statesman, and the Daily News;
but most of their contemporaries
wroto a chapter in the history of
British journalism that was tho ro- i
verse of creditable. A few protests
Iwere, indeed, made when a leading
Italian liberal member of parliament, Signor Amendola, was assailed
in the streets of Rome by a band of
Fascist ruffians and was cudgelled
into unconsciousness in the presence
of many eye-witnesses, none of
whom darod to go to his aid or to
denounce his nggressors to the po.
lice. But nowhere was Signor Mussolini's handling of tho opposition in
the new chamber adequately explained—the system by which groups
of Fascists surrounded opposition
deputies, in the houso itsolf, in read,
iness to shout down or belabor them
with fists should they opposo the
In Italy this position was felt last
May to be intolerable. In the new
chamber, a young socialist leader of
modera{g views, named Matteotti—
a man of blameless character, cultured, taciturn, and self-reliant—
spoke courageously against the Fas.
cist systom, and, in a speech that
•was to bring upon him a Fascist
sentence of death, or worse, exposed
its iniquities. So little did Fascism
care for the legality or for tho constitution, said Matteotti, that Mussolini had made it clear that even
should a majority hostile to him bo
returned at the general election, he
would maintain himself in power by
armed force. Mussolini nodded ns.
sent, while a boisterous "yes" came
from tho throats of his supporters.
This outburst an . Mussolini's nod
meant that he was prepared to tolerate parliament so long as It should
bo subservient, but that should it not
support him, his black.shirted
"National Militia" paid by tho state
but under no oath of loyalty to the
king, would uphold -him with dagger
and bullet.
Of tho quality of Fascist rule some
illustrations may be given. Before
the election Senator Albertini, the
chief editor and proprietor of the
moderato conservative Corriore della
Sera of Milan, the loading Italian
Journal, made a courageous, though
temperate, speech In the senate
against Fascist excesses. Signor
C'csare Rossi, the head of the press
bureau alnd Mussolini's intimate
friend, exclaimed on hearing Sena,
tor Albortfni's speech, "With such t
fellow one can only talk the lan
guage of the revolver." The threat
was not now or vain. Senator Albertini had again and again been
threatened with violence, and It was
currently believed that, if his life
was spared and his offices and printing presses were not wrecked ai
thoso of other Italian newspapers
had been, It was because Mussolini
knew that arrangements had been
made for tho immediate publication
of the Corriore della Sera in Switz-
erland in case Albertini should be
murdered or his offices blown up
Puring the election campaign last
(Continued on page 3)
Demonstration by Great Masses
of All Peoples in Every
Country This Year
Remembrance of World War and
Need of Organization to
Resist Now War
ry-lW oxecutivo committee of tho
Labor and Socialist International
(London), meeting in Vienna during
tho International Trades Union congress, after joint discussion with the
management committee of the I.F.
T.U.  came to the following decision:
"The executve resolved to Ming
boforo tho great masses of all peoples
in -overy country this year, by means
of a powerful demonstration the remembrance of the world war and the
need or organized resistance against
any new war, against armaments and
against those who institgate war.
"Tho demonstrations will begin on
the date of the outbreak of war,
which Is also the date on which the
dreadful murder took place which resulted in the death of the great and
Immortal pioneer of world-peace,
Joan Jaures. On this date tho L.S.I,
together with the International Federation of Trade Unions and the
Youths' International, will issue a
joint manifesto.
The demonstrations for world peace
on tlio 2l8t September will mark another important event. The GOth anniversary of the founding ot the
Labor International occurs also in
September. The international organization of proletariats, which must be
tho chiof instrument in our struggle
for peace, will combine tho celebration of its foundation witli the demonstration for peace. The celebration
of the foundation of the International
in tho various .countries will culminate
ln a celebration in London, where the
International was founded on the 28th
September, 1864.
"So as to make this year's demonstrations as effective as possible lt Is
necessary that thero should be toll
agreement, in each respective country, between the organizations affill-
atod to the L.S.I, and thoso affiliated
to tho I.F.T.U., concerning the currying out of tho arrangements."
By this decision It is ensured that
tho political organizations affiliated
with tho L.S.I, will take part In the
anti-war demonstrations on tho 21st
of September Initiated by tho l.F.T.U,
whilst tho trades unions givo their
support *to the arrangements meiv
tioned above.
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. C.
Unemployment.—Roports of the
ministry of social welfare Indicate an
appreciable docroaso in unemployment
during tho month of June, 1924, with
a drop from 29,000 to 19,200 in the
number of porsons rocoiving unemployment doles from the government,
Labor Troubles.—It ls said that express company employees operating
on trains of the Cuba railroad, longshoremen, stevedores, and other workmon employed in tbo harbor and on
tho docks of Habana have expressed
discontent over local condtions of
labor, and may consider declaring a
Credit Stringency Affects Saxony.—
Results of the credit stringency In
Saxony are making themselves felt in
tho way of partial or complote shutdowns of plants and discharges of
workmen, affecting practically all
branches of industry.
Unemployment.—According to
ports of govornment employment
bureaus, thoro was a decline in the
number of vacant positions during
Juno, 1924, which, ns compared with
proceding months, was relatively
greater than tbo declino In applicants
I*u rn gun.v
Labor Shortage.—In consequence
of a probable shortage ln tho labor
supply, it is roported that a furthor
attempt will be made by tho governmont to fostor immigration. Tho cotton planters, it Is said, soem to favor
the immigration of Japanese, who
can be placod on tho plantations at
a low wage.
As We See It-
Concerning Education
If you havo anything of interest
to Labor givo it to the Federationist.
It will  "gladly spread tho  news."
If you have an idea that you think
will benefit Labor, lot us have lt.
We'll spread it.
MOTE.—Tlio art loles, under
the caption "Pros nml Antls
—Debato Vaccination,*' for lack
of spaa, in this Issue, will appear ln next coition.—Editor.
[By Angus Maclnnis] '
TN a previous article' on this sub-
' ject, we tried to show the relation between our economic system
and our system of education. We
tried to shotw that our educational
system is a reflex of our ' mode of'
production and exchange, arising
out of It and arising from  it.
The world war gave an added impetus to commercial Industry. Nations previously backward in industrial pursuits were encouraged to
increase their activities In that direction; all that they were able tqj|
produce being quickly absorbed by
the bellgerent nations, at a good
proflt to the producors. ;But with
tho ending of the war nnd the cessation of production necessary to
war, and the release of a large number of men from destructive work
for constructive work, it soon became apparent that if the mechanism
of modern industry was to run nt
anything* like capacity, that the product could not be absorbed. This
in fact proved to be the caise, with
the result that nearly every country In the world has a large ai'my
of unemployed.
Parents see their children leave
school; In many cases graduating
from general high schools, technical
schools and universities and yet being compelled to take any odd job
that offers—work which hold out
no hope for future advancement,
But instead of looking for the cause,
or seeing it where it really is, In the
economic system, parents and others
lay the blame on the educational
system. State departments of education, governing boards of universities, local school board and educationist generally forced by the inexorable march of economic develop
mont are endeavoring to make the
educational system accelerate economic progress and at the samo time
produce economic stability; under
present conditions an absolute Impossibility. As the economic forces
being operated for private gain have
reached the stage where if these
private interests are to be safe'
guarded the productive forces must
be slowed down to the turning out
of the maximum product whicli can
bo sold at a profit. Tliis curtailing of production reflects .itself in
olfr oducational system.
It therefore appears that thero
is no hope of a chango in our system of education that would put
education on a basis where it could
function in doing for the Individual
what education should do: develop
personality, create a desire for investigation and creative work unless we havo flrst a change in our
economic mode of production and
exchange —
The" prevailing idea of education
Is an intensive training that will give
tho individual tho greatest ad.
tago in earning a Hvllhood in competition with his fellows., to fit people for making, or acquiring, money
or other tokens representing
wealth; or if they already have
wealth to prepare them for the
spending of it in such ways as to
mark thom out from the rest of society who  are   less fortunate.
After tho war tho capitalist class
had a slogan .which was something
to this effect to "produce more ond
consume less," meaning of course
the working class.
What they wanted was not a larg
er volume of production for the beneflt of the whole of society, but more
production per person engaged in Industry, consequently, more proflt
to the owners of the product. So in
education, what io sought is.not an
increaso in the Store of human knowledgo and culture but short-cuts to
individual  advantage.
Howovor, millionaires do not add
to the total'wealth of the world
what happens when a millionaire
is created is the transference of the
power to draw upon lho wealth produced from the many and investing
it In lho few. But it may bo nsked
what has this to do With oducation?
It has everything to do with education. Until such time as education
ceases to bo perverted to so base an
ond as the acquiring of wealth or
for personal aggrandizement, education will fnil to bo a force for
human betterment and human progress.
Human progress cannot bo measured in tonus of bank clearings,
miles of railroads, size 0f warships
or the deadllness of poison gas.
Human progress can only bo measured in terms of increased intelligence and tbo aplicatlon of that in.
telligenco for tho betterment of universal social conditions. In a, word
humnn progress can only bo
measured by our humanity.
The objective to havo in mind
in the conduct of our schools
is to prepare a foundation on Which
the Individual mny build in aftor
years. Education mny begin In
school but it Is nover, or should
nover bc, finished. Therefore the
foundation should bo well and truly
The subjects most necessary to the
laying of tho foundation during the
school term are: literature, history
(Political, industrial and geogrnphi
cnl) and mathematics. When manual   trnlnlng and     domestic    science
are taught the objection should* Ue
tho stimulating of tho mental facilities and for tho purpose of explaining theoretical instruction by actual
practico and not for tho purpofeo of
Imparting knowledgo or training in
particular  trades  and  crafts.
Machinery is displacing tho skilled worker. It is also destroying the
pleasure which arises from work
well done, work in which the personality of the world is incorporated as it were.
Thore is, therefore, a great need
to keep in touch with the boy or girl
which must leave school before
reaching the age of manhood or
womanhood to go into employment.
In fact, such employment should not
until the eighteenth birthday, at
least, is reached be more than half
time, the other half should bo coin
pulsory, school attendance. This is
necessary in order that the habits
of study started at school should be
continued through life.
It is just as essential, more bo In
fact, that the laborer or artisan,
when ho lms finished his day's work
should flnd plQftsure ln taking down
from its shelf his Keats, Byron or
Shakespeare; his Macaulay, Scott
Dickens and spending, nn evening
with them as that the banker, lawyer, doctor or professor should have
access to and be able to appreciate
It was stated by tho principal of
Uie Vancouver technical school, in
an address before the B. C. school
trustees' association, at Duncan, B.
C, last October, that twenty per
cent, of the students graduating
from that school had to enter "blind
alley" occupations, that Is, odd jobff
around town; occupations which
offer no scoiAj for putting into nse
the training acquired.
When it is taken into considera.
ation that twenty per cent, of the
students passing through tho technical school cannot get employment in
tho callings for which they received
a certain amount of training; and
when it is further remembered that
only a small proportion of the total
school population receivo the advantage of technical training, what
chance has the great majority of the
children /who recoivo no such oducation? This illustration should be
sutflciont for. those who aro crying
for more practical oducation in the
schools. .
Education both in the schools and
outside the schools is essential for
the emancipation of tho working
class,  let us to our task.
Hardships and Rebuffs Met by
Sojourner Looking for Work
in B, 0.
Commentary  ott  the  Unemployment
Situation in Vnncouver, It. C.
Civil Service Commission advertised for three temporary Customs-
Excise examiners, salary of $80 and
bonus provided by-law (*-■ bonus for
single mon). To-day, August 2Cth,
there are IIH" applicants for theso
positions  sitting   for   examination.
Hon, members opposite arc the
political descendants of those who, in
tbo early part of the last century, enclosed the oommon lands of the
people and took from tho agricultural
laborer the right to a certain amount
of  land.—Miss  Jewson,  M.P.
Our advertisers make it possible for
us to spread the gospel of Labor,
Show your appreciation, by patronizing tbem on every possible occasion.
Rose   Henderson,  of   Montreal,
Addresses B.C. Federated labor
on World Condition*
[From our OUW Correspondent]
Vernon, B. C\, Aug. 21.—Tho first
public meeting given by tbe Vernon
local of tho Federated Labor party,
provod a huge success. Uoso Henderson, of Montreal, spoke for one
and a half hours on world conditions as seen by herself in Europe
generally. The hall was crowded to
the extent that a Iot of peoplo had
lo stand. Tho audience listened vory
attentively to the lecture, especially
to that pnrt of it dealing with Russia,
Hose Henderson ls certainly a
speaker that one can listen to, with
both pleasure and proflt. Sho expects to pay us another visit in
about a month's time. I sincerely
hopo she will, for the masses need
waking up, and Hose is the ono to
do it. The locturo was entirely free
as all expenses wcro paid by membors of tho local and their friends.
Now watch us grow.
"Joys of Life" for Out-of-Work
Tourist with Destination
[By  John  Pickenshovel]
T LEFT the delightful city of Van-
couver intondlng to take a "boxcar" to a destination unknown, t
he.-' not proceeded very far before
I way accosted by a plain clothes
gentleman called In labor parlance
"the bull." Ho had the audicity to
inquire about my plans for the very
immediate future. The possession
of a bundle of blankets'on my part
was a dangerous pieco of evidence,
and iall side-stepping diplomacy was
of no avail.. It did not take him
very long to "loll me that my best
plan was to retrace my steps and„
"pretty quick"—only he didn't say
it like that.
Realizing that arguments would
be of no avail, and that I had better
"keop my breath to cool my par-
rltch," I deemed it wisdom to follow
his instructions. It was just simply
tough luck that I had run Into tho
gentleman In question. If I had
planned to meet him, it oculd not
have been arranged better, He was
ln fact, coming up the road -to meet
Well, that -evening I unrolled my '
blankots and slept under the open
canopy, and the next evening i reluctantly parted with sixty cents in
order to travel to a small place
w'here "coppers" aro conspfclous by
their absence. There I watched my
opportunity to get on the back of tho
engine—it being about dork. By
four o'clock next morning I was
cold, and dirty with the soot of the
engine. So after having a wash at
the river, I retired to the nearby
bush for a much needed snooze. At
midday, I arose and shook off dull
sloth and took a walk around the
place, only to discover that chances
of getting work were very scarce.
So I decided that I had better continue my journey eastward. For
days I repeated my flrst dodges, only
with worso luck. For after a day
or so it commenced to rain heaven's
hardest, So what with the dust and
soot and rain I bore a sharp resemblance to an Ethiopian.; I was
moreover, soaked to the akin. At
tho next stopping place I availed
myself of a treatment of soap and
H20, a much needed chemical solu--
By this time I decided that I had
had enough freo rides for awhile,
and therefore paid a sum which set
niy back eighty cents. I paid the
fare without any moral compulsion
whatever. On arrival at the next
"dear little town in the wost" I got
a bed In fin hotel, and the much-
needed rest in a civilized manner
was greatly appreciated. Beforo
sinking to slc.jp I chuckled at the
thought that \\ Journey which usually
cost $21, hart cost me in the neighborhood of $1.46. So tho railroads
had not gained muciuon my travels .
In that Instance! wmxo next day, boing Sundny, it was out of the question
to look for work. So it was, therefore a t*ay of rest, as intended. On
Monday I inquired at the employment ofllce of a certain big company.
Tbey have an extensive plant there.
They call it a smelter plant. It
might also bo cnlled a "smeller"
plant, Judging from the lead and
sulphur fumes that are In evidence
around the works. In fact, If anyone wants an idea of what hell Is
supposed to smell liko, my odvloa
is lhat ho work around a smelter for
a while. There are many hundreds
of men employed at this particular
place and they are unorganized,
excopt for tbe purposo of producing
pro/Its for thoir masters. However,
I shall have to work tbere for a
uhllc, worse lu 'k. Tbat is, until I
accumulate though capital to enable
me to  move u.sewhere.
I would like oome of the peop'.e
\ ho deal fn theories only, to try to
organize these men. Tbey would
find what we are up .igalnst. Thero
is no end or education wanted and
that will lake time. Howovor, some
of us try to do our bit.
I might add I appreciate The
Federationist when It Is sent In a
wrapper. I can't afford to loso my
Job, for tho present, you know.
Malmitrinton or Inadequate nutrition of children ia a problom that cannot be left alone. Something must be
dono quickly.—Noel Buxton, M.P.
Your friends might bo glad to subscribe for Tho Federationist if you
asked tbem.    Try.
As woll ask a cat to explain the
disappearance of cream as ask financiers to aacount for the prosent poverty  and   distress.-*--Professor   ffoddy.
Hunger ought to bo considered
crime.—Anatolo  Franco.
Pass The
your friends,
Fodorationjst   nlong   to
Help it in its flght for
Unless thought bo raised to a far
higher plane than hitherto, somo
great set-back In civilization is inevitable.—Professor   Robinson.
If it Is in tho best intcrosts of tho
workors, Tbo Federatlonist Is for it.
Tf not, lt Is agninst it.
It is not a question of how much
we aro able to do, but how much is
done; It Is nol a quostion of doing
more,   but of doing bettor.—Ruskin,
, The Foderntionist is out to help
tho workers. Thoro Is no nobler
work. Join us fn tho flght. Got
your friends to subscribe. PAGE TWO
FRIDAY August 29, 1924     F,
Published every Friday by
The  British   Columbia  Federatlonist
Business »nd Editorial Ofice, 1129 Hoyt. 81
Tbe policy of Tho D. C. FederationiBt Ib
sontrolled by tho editorial hoard of tho Federated LaborJ^jirtyjc^
we shall be faced with the question
of unemployment.
Unemployment is one of the problems that -we have to face right here
in Vancouver, It is an acute problem now and it is going to be more
.acute this winter. Immigrants are
sure to flock to the coast with Its pos-
Snbscription Bate:  United Statos and Fot* (
elgn, 18.00 per year; Canada, $a.50 per i slbllltles  or  work   and   its  compara
eign,  ftf.uu  per  jum,   >._...„_...,   *,-*-_.-_   ,
year, fl.SO for alx months; to Unions Bull-
scribing in ft body,  ltic per momber per
WE CAN well imagine the joy that
that bit of news brought to the
minds of some of our liberal friends
on Saturday evening. Tho flght was
short—and we were, going to add,
sweet. We should, we feel, have
added, and ,bitter.
No doubt the attitude of the majority of the voters was that we should
now try and settle down and let the
government get on with the business
of thc province. They felt that the
government was unstable enough as
it was, and that to further handicap
'them was going to be detrimental to
the welfare of ourselves. We do not
quite agrte with that attitude of mind
Wo feel that our welfare is not tho
concern of the men—and of the
women—that we have already chosen
to represent us at Victoria. If they
were really honest, they would, in our
opinion, have called for searching investigation into the absentee voting at
North Vancouver. For them to sit in
the house and support a government
that has members elected to its ranks,
in a manner that it would appear that
the North- Shore representative has
been, damns all of them in the sight
of every honest man and woman in
our province.
Individuals cannot countenance evil
on an occasion when lt ls to their apparent beneflt to so do and then condemn it when it would appear to be
detrimental to their interests, and expect us to believ.e that they are honest. No, they must at least be consistent in their attitude at all times.
This inconsistency has been tolerated
by the masses, on the part of politicians, far too long. We are inclined
to view it far too lightly. It is this
indifference on our part, towards the
moral aspect of this problem that has
made it possible for our average politician to conduct himself ln the manner that ho has, with impunity.
To the average worker, it makes
but little difference which party is in
power at the prosent time. They all,
with one accord, deprive the workors
of their just reward in lifo. These
parties all represent the big interests.
In the past, their conduct has, in our
judgment, been govornod by these unseen forces. Tho only purpose the
workers servo, it to place the politicians In oflico. Tho big intorests do
the rest, It would seem. Not until
the workers wake up to the fact that
they must put mon and women in the
house that represent them, and not
the financial interests, can they ever
hope for any improvement in the unfortunate stato in which they today
are finding themselves—that of living
in a land where abundance everywhere abounds, and although willing
and anxious to do their duty, they are
deprived of oven the bare essentials
of life.
If the forces of Labor took an active part in attempting to defeat
Oliver In Nelson, then they have been
led astray somewhat, Too often, some
of the so-called loaders of the labor
movement ln this country fail to realize that there Is^nly one course for
them to pursue, and that Is to abolish
tlvely mild climate, once they realize
the poor prospects that the prairies
can offer. But to many citizens, the
unemployment question will be, as lt
is now, a myth. They themselves are
comfortable. They will never see or
hear of the thousands living constantly on the borderline between
starvation and mere existence. They
will never come in contact with the
miseries of the working mothers who
have to leave their children to the
tender mercies of the streets while
they become the breadwinners, often
the exploited drudges of those who
live above their income and whose
aim in life is social climbing.
Meanwhile the people who know
of these things and realize just what
ls wrong—what are they to do? Carry
on as usual and leave these affairs
to take care of themselves; sufficient
unto the day is the evil that afflicts
us without troubling with other
people's miseries, or rest secure ln the
firm conviction that the process of
evolution will make everything turn
out alright? But it is Impossible for
those who have lived under the appalling conditions themselves to take
theso attitudes. We cannot be inac
tive, even though our scope is limited
by the acquiescence and apathy of
the workers, to purely propaganda
work, the aim of which is to change
the system. We are not out for short
er hours and a rise in (*wagtis (with
incidentally a rise in the cost of necessities). That Is trade unionism
and anyone, of ' whatever political
opinion, can be a trade unionist
Trade unionism in the long run only
serves to keep the capitalist system,
alive. What we do aim at is the
taking over of the means of production and working them fpr the beneflt
of the many rather than for the few.
(This idea takes a long time to percolate).
We do not expect a peaceful
change; lt is unthinkable that the
master class will quietly give up what
they have come to regard as theirs
and which they think will be theirs
forever. But their position is not so
secure as the general Indolence and
ignorance would seem to indicate. The
workers can be driven too far, and if
the unemployment question becomes a
little more acute, it will be Heaven
help those responsible for it. They
would do well to take warning.
Aftor all, the workors are asking
nothing unreasonable. All over the
world there are signs that the wealth
producers are at last waking up to
the fact that they live in misery and
degradation and even the more fortunate ones aro constantly haunted with
the fear of unemployment. More or
loss, all spend their timo ln soul-destroying and deadly monotonous tasks.
In a word they are wasted, and their
unbounded possibilities and wonderful
potentialities are unheeded. The
modern trend of education is showing
this more and more. And so the
workers are merely demanding the
right to their share of the wealth
they produce; the right to live decently; the right to self-development
and self-expression. All of which Is
possible, for in the words of a noted
writer, "Science has solved the prob-
of that class. Their outlook on lifo is
essentially selfish. They have become
so accustomed to living like parasites
that they think that it is perfectly
right that they should continue so to
live. If we oppose them thon they
make out that we are enemies of society and should be placed in some i
institution for safe keeping. We realize full well however, that many of
our workers today only lack the opportunity, or they too, would be In a
similar position to ' those they now
The social system under which we
are living today has, as one of its
most potent forces, the spirit of selfishness. If we were not selfish to
some degree, at least, our lot would
indeed be a hard one In this life. But
that spirit of selfishness has, in the
hearts of some, become the only force
in their lives. Their every action is,
governed by that spirit and, as a result, other members of society are deprived of their just share of the essentials tn this Ufe—and we must not
fail to add that they are deprived,
not only of these essentials but, what
ls of. more Importance, they are de
prlved of the opportunity to earn or
obtain these essentials in life,
KWe all must come to realize that
he systetm under which we ar» liv
such obviously unnecessary injustices.
People would not be human who
would not rebel against such a state
of affairs. If those who take such
pride in referring to the Glasgow
radicals, in a spirit of derision, as is so often done,
would only stop for one moment
and place themselves in the position
of these unfortunates who have to
face eviction courts, we are inclined
to believe that their attitude might
be very materially altered. If not,
then they are utterly hopeless and unworthy to associate with their -Eel
lowmen. They should be effaced from
the face of the earth and their memories relegated to the Umbo of .the
forgotten past.
CONSIDERABLE interest has been
aroused of late In the planet
Mars. Certainly some very interesting discoveries are said to have been
made in connection with thts planet.
It has been said to have climatic conditions similar to what we have on
earth. Atmospheric conditions thereon have been described by some observers.
The most interesting feature ofthe
whole thing Is the assertion that life
is possible upon that planet. To
those of   us   who have been accus-
Sidelights on a Great
TO BE $60,000,000
ing muBt be changed,
measures will ever serve to relieve
the distress that everywhere abounds.
It must be made unprofitable for any
man or woman to hoard up anything
that should and actually does belong
to their fellowmen, as their natural
right. Our span of life is altogether
too short, and the suffering that we
bring to others as a result of our selfishness is too great, to justify the
contiuance of this systom of private
gain. When the rule, that the greatest good to the greatest number, pre-
domlnatets in our lives, this world
will be happier by far, tnan we coulo
ever have dreamed that it could be.
Lot us all make that our aim and
objective in life. Further, let us see
to it that tho men we choose to govern us have some of that spirit within their hearts. Not until we get
such men in the control of the reins
of government will we make any
great strides in such a direction. At
least, lot us do our share.
i we aro liv- i ----- ■
No half-way tomed t0 think that we here on earth
lem of poverty."
THB commencement of the sum-
them to pursue, unu um-. « ..« .-- mor    holidays,  one    young chap
the capitalistic state under which we  asked another what he was going to
are   living.    Putting   out   Oliver,  or j work at during the vacation.    He re-
il me
Bowser, or McRae or any other of the
adherents of this system, is no solu
tlon whatever.    There are hundreds
yes, thousands, just as ready and an
xlous to carry on as those men have
done and will continuo to do. ' Labor,
if she does not  want to* become  a
joke altogether,  must adhere strictly
to a definite socialist platform.    To
support ono or other of the old line
parties  is  merely  holding thoniBclves
up to ridicule boforo these very people
themselves,   while  at the  same  time
they   are   forsaking the only course
that will lead thom to thcir ultimate
plied, "Oh, my parents wont allow
me to work." Of course, had the
young lad been n physical wreck one
could have understood such an attitude on tho part of such parents, but
be wasn't. Had the parents been of
the type that honestly folt that they
could more afford to stand the financial strain of keeping the young lad
in idleness, rather than deprive a
worker of a Job who might have a
wife and family dependent upon him,
we could forgive them, but ih our
humble opinion thoy wore not. They
woro of tho typo that had made somo
SO GLARING are the injustices to
which these workers are subjected
from year to yoar that Sir William
Ashley, of the University of Birmingham, and a noted economist, in one
of his recent addresses in Canada
took occasion to refer to these men.
I Ho said: "This practice of turning
away" men and forgetting them, once
they have served the farmer's purposo, is a shocking state of affairs."
It Is shocking, and so long as we have
production for proflt, rather than for
use, this unhappy state of affairs ls
suro to be ever with us, The problem of caring for these 30,000 or so
harvesters would be an easy task if
society were organized and controlled
in the interost of humanity as -a
whole, rather than in the interests of
but a few, as it ls today, The solution Is obvious to all economists. It
is, perhaps, aB obvious to our monied
interests, but, so bent are they upon
making money for the purposes of
enjoying the power and authority
over their fellpws which the control
of wealth gives them, that they will
sacrifice the rights of the masses to
attain thoir,own selfish ends,
Tho reign of capitalism is, we
are firmly connvinced, rapidly
coming to an end. Its demise Will be
hurried in direct proportion to the
amount of enlightenment the minds
of the masses absorb along these lines.
Economic necessity is undoubtedly
helping to speed this prqeess of education, but unfortunately, it is so cruel
at times, that many feel duty bound
to rlso up in rebellion against the
whole system, and by so doing, they
ofttimes misdirect their energy or
waste it needlessly, and as a result
the reactionary elements gain a dom
inance over society, to which they
havo no right or claim, and progress
is thus delayed In its course.
are the "only pebbles on the beach
this will come as a distinct shock.
But why, after all, should we be Inclined to doubt it. It seems hardly
reasonable that tbe Almighty would
create, as he apparently has, millions
of planets and universes, which when
compared wtth ours, causes it to fade
into utter insignificance. Why should
he not have caused life to exist
thereon? It is hardly reasonable for-
us to believe that these planets are
simply inert, lifeless masses of material. Behind the great scheme of
things there must be some well-defined force or power, that ls working
out in a manner quite unknown to u&,
some great purpose in eternity.
It Is exceedingly doubtful if we
will ever get in touch with any form
of life upon that distant planet.
Some great, and as yet undiscovered
force will have to come to light before such a feat will be possible.
Our studies, however, along these
lines may serve—and we sincerely
hope that they ma>—to broaden our
outlook upon life. We are far too
prone to think that the Almighty has
contred his whole attention upon ub
to the exclusion of others that may be
living in the myriads of other worlds
that are travelling in space. Such an
Idea is, after all, not in keeping with
tht universe that we are gradually
learning more about each day.
Tho mysterious slgnalB we have
been hearing so much about have not,
so far as Mars Is concerned, any significance attached to them. If we
were to be permitted to give any advice to our neighboring planot, however, tt would be for her to keep her
distance from us. No matter what
may be her difficulties there, we can
hardly Imagine theirs being any worse
than ours. And the chances are that
lf they are intelligent enough to be
able to send such signals to us as we
Surprising Vastnesa of Amount
Demonstrates All-Importance
of Lumbering
T3 ECENT official investigations
show that the industrial payroll
of the Forest Industries of British
Columbia for 1923 was far greater
than the original estimate.
It has now been ascertained that
the sum actually paid out tn wages
last year to the workers In the woods,
in lumber manufacturing and re-manufacturing plants and in pulp and
paper mills exceeded the truly Incredible sum or $56,300,000.
It must be remembered that this
flgure does not include wage payments
to office and administrative staffs and
to persons employed in the sale and
distribution of the finished article, nor
does It take into account the transportation forces exclusively engaged
in handling the product on land and
$60,000,000 Disbursed
When all these are included it is
safe to assert that In 1923 the amount
of money disbursed in wages by the
Forest Industries of B. C. approximated to. $60,000,000.
Every day fresh evidence comes to
hand demonstrating the extent to
which British Columbia is dependent
on the unhampered working of itB
great basic industry.
Some Idea of the magnitude of the
lumbermen's payroll may be gathered
from the fact that in 1923 it was more
than three times as great as the total
revenue of the province.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Knit Underwear
For Immediate Wear
Women's Harvey Vest's of knitted silk and art silk,
opera shape, in pink, white and orchid. Priced at
Women's now style  Harvey Knickers, of knitted
silk and art silk* extra fullness; shades of pink, sunset, grey and bfack.  Sizes 36 to 40 at $3.00.
Sizes 42 to 44 at $3.25.   .
Chilprufe Union Suits'for children, of unshrinkable
pure wool, short sleeve and knee length.   Priced
from $3.50 to $6.50 a suit.
Children's silk and wool Vests, Swiss mako, priced
from S5tp to $1.55 eaoh.
—Dry-dale's Knit Underwear Shop, First Floor.
675 OranviUe Street Phone Seymonr 3540
This series  of  articles communicated   by   the   Timber   Industries
Council of British Columbin.
have been hearing about, we should
judge that they are wise enough to
have outgrown this selfish and disgusting social system which wo have
to tolerate here at present.
Unless they have something good
to offer us, we would respectfully suggest that they get in touch with some
others first, ln the hopes that at some
future dato we may havo become a
I little more presentable, a little more
humane, and a little more worthy to
be assoclatetd with than we are at
present. When we cannot agree
among ourselves on our own planet It
should, at least, be our earnest endeavor not to contaminate other
worlds of which we know, as yet, but
very little. They cannot be any worse
than we are, and the chances are they
are a million times better
You noticed, many scars on mules—
they were Inflicted in an endeavor to
persuade them to pull a heavier load,
travel faster, and stop kicking.
You noticed how hard they tolled,
how drooped the head, how broken
the spirit, and you were sorry for the
dumb brute.
You noticed when the day was done
the mule was fed and sheltered—
good fodder, warm stable, clean bedding.
You noticed when the storm raged
the mule was fed and stabled just the
same, but lta driver was out of work
and therefore out of food and searching for a "job" and the price of a
You noticed that the mule wos per-
Buaded by many lashings to yield
obedient service in exchange for continuous food and sheltor.
You noticed that a man is .persuaded
by poverty to yield obedient service
in exchango for food and shelter while
ho is allowed to work.
You noticed when tho mule was
sick a vet was called, and when it
died another mule was bought,
You noticed when a man was sick
that he was "fired" and the "boss"
took his pick of the "bunch" that
clamored for tho "Job."
You noticed, therefore tell tho
world which you would bo—the mule
who does not know, or the man who
knows iess?
Every reader of The Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
thoy are due, and by Inducing; anothor
workor to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try It.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Phone Seymour 2361
AlOTHERS  and   FATHERS—We   wish to talk to you about your
■LVi  boys and girls.
After leaving school they will have to make a decision as to a choice
of a profession or business career.   You will In all probability, if a
business career ls decided upon, wish to have an interview with the
Principal of the Pitman College, where the best possible training for
a business career is   given  and  where your  boys and girls will be
trained to qualify for the highest paid positions.   Come in and have
a chat.
There ls no better foundation for   future  success  than the fact of
having attained proficiency at the
422 RICHARDS ST. (At Hastings)
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
TTAVE you ever had a real drink
■" of Pure Apple Older during the
lost few years?
To meet tbe desires of many clients,
we have introduced recently a pure clear
sparkling apple cider In pint bottlea,
either pure sweet or government rcgula*
tlon W% hard apple eider. These drinks
are absolutely pure and free from all
caption it; acid gns or preservatives of
any nature. Writo or phone your order
today, Highland 00.
Older Manufacturers
1055 Commercial Drive. Vancouver, B. 0.
Phone Sey. 9135
Final Summer Clearance
at 'Famons'
Every Price Slaughtered!
THS opportunity of the year, ladles I
Summer garments at next to nothing. Wo muBt make way for Fall
stocks now arriving. Gome early to
got a better selection. The greatest
sale of tho year—now in progress.
SUIT Oo. Ltd.
619-623 Hastingi Stnet Weit
SAVING daylight ia a big topic at tbii
timo of tbo year. Everyone endeavors
to mako the most of tho daylight hours.
In theso modern times, life each day le
fuller, and each hour must moan far
more than it did yesterday.
Thero is no better aid to daylight saving than tho tolephono. Nothing can help
you more to make each successive hour of
greater value.
Whether you telephone ono mile or one
hundred miles it Is al) the saino to the
telophono. The telephono savos you hours.
It lengthens your day, giving you time
for many things.
goal    A "few of our would-be Labor  easy money,  and wero-puffed  up a
loaders at  home cannot well  afford little as a result.   They had lost their
to Ignore this tip, Thoso who really
understand what labor wants and how
she is going to get it, aro not being
misled; they are simply being disgusted, lhat is all.
Whether tho liberals or the conservatives win, moans nothing to Labor.
Bhe must learn to look to herself alono
balanco. bo to speak. We say that
thoy perhaps, made their monoy easy.
Now, in this regard, we may be quite
wrong. From the amount of physical
energy that they exerted ono might
judge that they hnd gotten it easy,
but when wo consider the moral qualities that they must have lost by get
ttiic muni lutiin <■" ."« -
for hor own emancipation.    Thero is   ting   It   from   tho sources that they
no royal road, as our old timo friends
might lead us to believe.
THE capitalists of Eastorn Canada
havo discovered a cure for unemployment. They are going to incroaso
the police forco. These plobians with
Bolshovik tendoncic't are to bo forced'
to spend their time doing something
UHoful instoad of idling away thc
golden heirs In street cornor loafing.
So at Inst wo have found the cause
of unomploymont. It Is idleness. Men
actually prefer to do no work and to
see their families starve. A likoly
story. Tbe roal cause of unemployment is capitalism. As long as we
live under the capitalist system with
Its over-production and parasitism
and  Its iliogieal  immigration  policy,
surely must have, and from the
sources, that in our opinion, they did
got it, thon wo think that the price
that they paid was dear indeed.
Yet these are the poople that go
about our city and province—in fact
they are to bo found in every conceivable corner of this world—and
treat tho average man as nothing
moro than dust beneath their feei.
And on top of all this they expoct,
yos, they will oven demand, respect
from their -follows. Once again wo
might repeat that woll known phrase,
"them days Is gone forever."
Work is honorable. Any man or
woman who lives on other than thoir
own toil, should havo no place on
this earth. Unfortunately, howovor
for tho great massos, tho people who
today are controlling our very destinies, are men nnd women, too often,
IT WAS recently reported in our
daily press that plans have just
been completed for the beginning of
tho greatest eviction Britain has ever
experienced, Fearing serious riots
they are keeping the exact date of
the evictions secret. Over 13,000
tenants are expected to be Involved
if matters aro pressed, as ls being
Such it would seem, Is the unfortunate state of affairs in Glasgow.
We can now understand why the
GlaBgow representatives aro so radi-
It would require tho efforts of
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-406 Metropolitan Building
837 Hutlngi Bt. W. VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
Telephone!: Seymour 6666 sod 6667
1110 Otorfl* SttMt
Sunday lerrice., 11 ».m. and 7)80 p.m.
Sunday ..hool lmra.di.tolr following
morning terries. Wedneiday toitimonl.1
mooting, 8 p.m. Froo rending room.
901803 Blr_. Bldg.  *
The Oliver Rooms |
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
cal. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
super-men to withstand tho appeals
that must be coming to the ears of
theso men. After hearing these and
seeing with thoir own eyes the horrors of it all, and then going down to
London and seeing life as lt is being
lived there by thousands who never
know what it Is to work, to suffer, o>
to practice self-denial In any form.
And knowing, as these mon well know,
that the luxuries that these pooplo en-
Joy are enjoyed because those unfortunates In Glasgow are Buffering as
thoy aro, is enough to make any man,
who has the slightest spark of manhood in his make-up, riso up in rebellion against a system that creates
and perpetuates such a vile stato ot
No form of society can ever hopo
to   Inst   when   there exists within it
•THE UNION BANK OP CANADA, with its chain
.**• of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
w_.___i__.__l KQ Vi-uira
British Col'-- " Vs model brewery ii
working da> 1 night to give you
better beer—.._ best beer—with the
strength, the mellow palatable "bite,"
the refreshing stimulatlor associated
with perfect brewing,
on Cascade—the betiev
beer — at all Govern*
ment Liquor Stores.
This atlvortlsomont Is not publishod ..' displayed
by tho Liquor Control Board or by tba    ,
Government ol British Columbia ■*>
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To Secretaries and
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When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last sixteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
Phonei:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST. VANCOUVER, B. C. [FRIDAY August 29, 1924
,  Opens SEPT. 2nd.  Day and Night
709 GEORGIA STREET Opp. Hotel Vanoouver
H. 0. DUFFUS, Prop.
"The Accoostique"
British Made
Phone Fair. 5738
617 Eighth Avenue East
Fascism and Murder-
Salvation by Force
(Continued from page 1)	
At the Orpheum
Vaudeville's most    gorgeouoly-pro-
j duced'dancing revue,  that of Jean-
l ette Hackett and Harry Delmar, ln-
| eluding a cast of fourteen    and    a
I rapid succession  of beautiful  color-
[ ful  scenes,   copes  to  the   Orpheum
next Thursday heading an exception-
l ally  bright and    breezy    vaudeville
i bill.   It    is    Hackett    &    Delmar's
f fourth  annual   revue,   and   Is   called
[ "Dance  Madness."      This  great  at-
I traction  is  termed  by    critics    the
I very  acme    of    super-terpBiohorean
I productions, filled     with     rhythmic
\ melodies, beautiful girls, silken  raiment and  wonderful  dances  beautifully staged.   Billy Glason, youthful,
full of pep and bubbling oyer with
i personality,  is master of nut songs,
topical humorous sayings and comic
, satire.    Stuart Casey    and    Mildred
f ■\Varren,  popular in    vaudeville    for
six years,   bring a dollclously atnuB-
1  ing sketch  called  "The  Fog."    It. is
L a satire with a "Johnny" and a chor-
>  us girls as  characters.    An  Intimate
song  recital   is  featured   by    Vivian
Holt   and   Myrtle   Leonard,   soprano
} and contralto.    Thoy sing a number
of harmonious duets.    Reunited after
; ten years, Haydcn-Dunbar nnd Hay-
r  den   will   present   their   comedy   and
,  dancing    act,     "Artistic    Oddities."
Kirk,   Collier   &   Co   have   a   "Radio
Troubles"   turn  containing  many    a
hearty laugh.    There is also another
Ifeature,     "An     'Artistic       Surprise"
which  will  bo  greatly    appreciated,
and tho  usual    picture._ attractions
and concert    orchestra selection will
complete this bill.
Tho Federationist believes In a
"cultural revolution," not a "bloody
Palmer Graduate
Backache,   Sprains,   Rheumatism, Stomach and alt Internal Troubles.
Phone, Seymour 1966
Vancouver Unions
MeeU second Mondiy in tho month.   Fn*
•Ident, J. B. White; leorotirr, B. H. Heel*
inda. P. 0. Box 66.
819 Pender St. West—Business meetings
•Terr Wednesd-r eveninf. A. Maclnnis,
ehslrmkn; E. H. Morrison, »ee.*t.e_s.; Ooo.
D. Harrison. 1162 Parker Street, Vancouver,
1. 0., corresponding secretary.
Any district tn British Golumbta desiring
information re securing speakers or tbo for*
matlon ot local branches, kindly communicate
with Provincial Secretary J, Lyle Telford,
1621 Birks Bldg., VanoouTor, B. 0. Tele.
phona Seymonr 1832, or Falnnont 4088.
seoond Thursday evory month In Holdon
Building. President, J. Brlghtwoll* financial
secretary, H. A. Bowron, 922—llth Avenue
, Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Helpers of America, Local 194—Meetings 6rst
and third Mondays tn eseh month ln Holden
Building. Presidont, P. Willis; secrotary, A.
Fraser. Offlco hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 6
OIVIO   EMPL0YEE8   UNION—MeetB   «rst
and third Fridays ln each month, at 446
Bichards Street.    President, David Cuthlll,
, 2852 Albert Streot; secretary-treasurer, Oeo.
Harrison, 1182 Parker Street,
of Steam and Operating, Local 682—
Meets every Wednesday at 8 p.m., Room
806 Holdon Bldg. President. Charles Price;
business agent and flnanclal secretary, F. L.
Hunt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
UNION, Local 146, A. F. of M.—Meets in
O.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunsmuir Btreot,
second Sunday at 10 a.m. Prosidont, Harry
Pearson, 691 Nelson Btreet; secretary, E. A.
Jamieson, 991 Nolson Street; flnanclal secretary, W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson Street
organise^ F. Fletcher, 091 Nelson Strost.
0.—Meoting nights, flrst Tuesday and 8rd
Friday of each month at headquarters, 818
Oordova Btreet West. President. D. Gillespie; vice-president,1 John Johnson; secretary-
treasurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Oor*
dova Btreet West. Braneh agent's address:
Oeorge Faulkner, 576 Johnson Street, Vietoria, B. 0.
a.m. on the Tuesday preceding the 1st Sunday of the month. President, E. A. Jamie-
son, 991 Nelson St.; Seoretary, 0. H. Williams. 991 Nelson Bt ; Business Agent, F.
Fletcher, 991 Nelson St.
TYPOGRAPHICAL DNION, No. 236—President, R, P. Pettlplece:   vice-president. J.
M. Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Nee-
- lands. P. 0. Box 66. Moots last Bunday ot
f,   oach month at 2 p.m. in Holden Building, 16
Hastings StreBt East*
UNION, No. 418—President, S. *D. Mao*
donald, secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
P. 0. Box 689.   MeetB last Thuraday of eaoh
April, tha Corriere della Som refrained from editorial comment on
the ground that there was no poll,
tical freedom In Italy. But, are the
eve of the election, Cesare Rossi,
Mussolini's friend and preBS director, sent a messenger to inform Albertini that unlesB the Corriere della
Sera should, on the morrow, exhort
electors to support Fascist candidates '"the irreparable would happen
during the week after the election."
Albertini replied: "Let tho irreparable happen; but I refuse even to
discuss such a proposal."
' The "irreparable" was therefore
organized. Mussolini was in Milan
on polling day. He left for* Rome
full of wrath at the Impudence of
a large section of the Milanese electorate in voting against him. Lorries
full of Fascists began .at once to
carry out destructive raids against
their opponents ln and around Milan. Their action was to have culminated in the burning of the Corr.
iere della Sera and in the kidnapping of Senator Albertini—a moderate
conservative, be it remembered—
and of a Milanese socialist leader.
As a beginning, packages of the
Corriere della Sera awaiting dlstri.
bution and a motor lorry belonging
to the Jourtial were burned.' But
the tidings ot the Impendng abduction ot Albertini and of the socialist leader leaked out. The heads of
the Milanese confederation of labor
met and let it be known that, if Sen.
ator Albertini and the socialist leader" wore kidnapped, the Milanese
trade unionists would, as a reprisal,
kldnnp and hold hostages two of the
chief Milanese Industrialists who
support una subsidize Fascism.
Fooling themselves menanced these
Industrialists telephoned to Rome.
Orders woro then given that tho operations against the Corriere dellu
Sera should bo suspended. The
uation had becomo so strained that
ah "incident" of some kind was felt
to be Inevitable. The sitting of parliament on Uune 12th was awaited
with apprehension. The young sociulist leader, Matteotti, was known
to be ready to renew his denuncinj
tlon of Fascism. He was thought
to be a man capable of marshalling
tho anti-Fascist forces. Even th,
army, whose~ chiefs had originally
encouraged tho Fascist movement,
was disquieted by a proposal to incorporate with the regular troops
the Fascist "National Mllltla." Mat.
teotti was suspected by prominent
Fascists of possessing documonti
proving their complicity in corrupt
praotices, particularly in connection
with the licensing of gaming houses;
and of having compiled a list of the
many thousand Fascist crimes.
They had reason to fear both his
leadership of tho opposition and his
revelations. On June 10th, Matteotti whs kidnapped as he left his
house in a well-known street not
far from the most populous* centres
of Rome, thrown Into a motor car,
carried off Into the country, mutii.
ated, and murdered. The kidnapping was witnessed by bystanders,
whb feared to inform the police, lest
they endanger their own lives. Tho
motor car, which had been hired by
the editor of a leading Fascist Jour
rial, the Corriere Itallano, was
brought back to Rome blood-stained
and bearing traces of having boen
driven across rough countfy by the
assassins who used lt,
The actual murder seems to have
been committed by a man named
Dumini—a rocognized Fascist bravo,
wbo, by his own confession, had
elovon "killings" to his credit—and
by other blood-stained accomplices;
but it ls uncertain whether the crime
was chiefly organized by the oditor
of the Corriore Itallano, one Fllipol-
II, by Cesare Rossi, the head of
Mussolini's pross bureau, or by other
prominent Fascists. Some degree
of responsibility seems also to bo
attributed to General De Bono—
the Fascist chief of police who tel.
Ographcd to Mussolini last Novem
her, "400 officers or the national
mllltla are ready to kill and
die for tho fatherland and
for Fascism"—since he has
now been removed from ono of
his official positions. Bowing before
the storm of indignation which the
murder of Matteoti aroused, Musso.
Uni ordered the police to ta-ke action,
with the result that tho principal
murderers and suspects wero arrest,
od; and after hiding for some days,
even Cesare RosbI was persuaded to
give himself up to tho prison authorities. In all, 18 Fascists, big
and small, are now in goal
Whether Fascism can afford to allow these men to be brought to Jus.
tlce Is an open question. Another
question Is whether the preliminary enquiry into the crime can bo
comploted until the corpse of Matteotti has been found.
What happened to the    body    ot
Matteotti ls still unknown. According
to some lt was sunk in the depths
of Lake Vico, near Rome, with a
weight attached to it. According
to others, it was brought back to
Rome and cremated. In any case,
It cannot be found, Partial confessions by some of the assassins indicate that It was terribly mutilated, and pierced twlth daggers and
bullets ln a dozen places. But on
these points there io *no certainty.
The disappearance of the body assuredly saves the Fascist government from the embarrassment of a
publio funeral like that of the radical leader, CavallottI, ln 1898, which
served to marshal the revolutionary
forces of the country and brought
on an insurrection.
The temper of the peoplo of Rome
is revealed *by tho bearing at the
mass said ln suffrage for the soul
of the departed. When the widow
and the children of the murdered
man left the church, the crowd
knelt reverently and bareheaded
while they passed. A similar spirit
was shown during the ten minutes'
commemorative silence for Matteot.
ti on June 27th, when the mounted
Polio threatened, but feared to
chargo, the kneeling multitude. A
rough cross has been placed at the
spot whero Matteotti was kidnapped,
The people daily cover it with flowers whioh the police daily remove.
In the ohamber on June 12th, two
days ofter the murder, Mussolini
mentioned the "disappearance" of
Matteotti as "Justifying the supposition of a crime calculated, if it had
really been committed, to arouse the
indignation and grief both of the
government and of parliament." He
added, that ho himself had "given
orders to tho police" for a search,
and that the police wero already in
a position to Identify-the culprits.
Why it should have been necessary to "give orders" to tho polico to
take action against criminals he did
not explain. He had the audacity
to express the hope "that Signor
Matteotti will soon be able to return
to parliament." The opposition remained absent from the sitting on
the ground that it would be impossible to take -"port in the . work of
parliament until some light had
been thrown on the sinister episode
of whioh Signor Matteotti had boen
the victim. The chamber, therefore,
idjourned sine die. On June 24th,
In the senate, when the murder
could no longer be questioned, Mus.
sollnl made a statement very different In tone from his former utterances. He professed horror at the
orime, added that no one could
doubt tho sincerity of his feelings,
and continued, with unconscious
cynicism, "I might add the phrase
of Talleyrand about the abduction
and the killing of the Due d'Eng.
hlen, 'It is not only a crime; It is
a blunder/ '.'
To this speech, which was dellv-
ored in accents of unusual depression, Senator Albertini replied with
one of tho most courageous Indict,
ments ever heard in on Italian parliament. Not only had Senator AI-
'bortlnl himself narrowly escaped
the fate of Matteotti but, even after
tho Matteotti crime, another. Senator"
Signor Frassatl, the former ambuss,
ador to Berlin and editor-proprietor of ithe liberal Stampa of Turin,
had beon the object of an intended
Fascist outrage. The Stampa had
published a moderate article on the
murder, declaring that the only
euro for the Fascist system of vio.
lence .would be a return to the rule
of law. This, lt added, Is the desire
of the whole Italian people; there
must bo an end to the rule of force.
Next day, the Fascisti of Turin sacked Senator Frassatl's house and, as
he was not to bo found, threatened
his wife and son. Though the Turin
police were ordored to take measures
against tho delinquents and the Prefect of Turin was dismissed, the
Fascist minister of the Interior, ln
telegraphing to inform Senator
Frassatl of these measures, added:
"I must nevertheless tell you frankly that the attitudo of the Stampa
ls not Impartial enough, and is not
In conformity with loyal opposition
to the government and to Fascism."
Despite this episode, Senator Albertini boldly arraigned, ln the senate Mussolini and the whole Fas.
cist system.    He recalled Mussolini's
n fuiit  in*".* I* violence, al
luded to Matteotti's last speech In
the chamber as "a sentence of death"
and, with obvious reference to Mussolini's porsonal ambitions, warned
Mussolini that "the Italian state Is
not and ennnot be oither Mussolini
or tho Fascist party. It is formed
by-nil Italians, and must be directed
by men whom the Italians lawfully
and legally choose." •
Disastrous Is the political formula,
continued Signer Albertini, that
seeks to erect a party or a man in.
to the position of saviour of the
country and to give lt or him power
unlimited to deny all right of opposition. Such an attempt Is an
attempt to erect a prison for tho
public conscience and to stifle public
life, for without freodom thore is no
truo life. What fruit had Fascism
borne apart from tho establishment
of apparent extornal order? Could
Justice be froely administered? Wore
infractions of the law punished? On
tho contrary. Violence of ovory
kind was boing dono. Humble folk
wero cudgelled in such numbors that
all account had been lost. At Turin,
Sezla and Pisa there had boen
massacres; local life was poisoned
by the domination of Fascist chieftains who usurped nnd transgressed
the rights and duties of govornmont.
Worst of all, tho govornment tolera.
ted or inspired indirectly, the acts
of violence committed by. its party,
and granted Impunity to their authors. If Fascism admitted, In theory,
tho right of an opposition to exist,
It was on tho understanding that the
Opposition should behave as tho government wishod, and that It should
never contest the official monopoly of
[Tbe opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility {or tbe views expressed is accepted by tbe management.]
Workmen's Compensation Board
Editor B. C. FederationiBt: Now
that all the years of complaints
about the Workmen's Compensation
board have at last developed into
newspaper comments, I woul like
space for my own opinion and experience with the board.
When first I heard bitter com-
plaints about the board by injured
workmen, I could not believe it. But
I was unfortunate enough to get ln.
jured and soon found out for myself. I am an old man now, and
have knocked albout quite a lot, but
I have never seen or expected the
like of the treatment I received al
the hands of the Compensation
board! I know there will not be
space enough to go Into detail, but
I always' thought that the board
should, to startrwith, assist In one's
recovery instead of hindering and
retarding it; and that an Injured
.workman was at liberty to employ
doctors who did not happen to be
particular friends of the board. 1
got the impression that there was
no system nor enough discipline,
but .too much of bullheadedness, impertinence and overbear! ngness. And
even a clerk would shout, and act as
if he was appointed direct by the
government "for life" and owned the
whole block! And I will point out
that if a crippled workman can be
Insulted, and threatened with bodily
harm when meekly enquiring about
overdue compensation; and oan bB
cut out of a whole month's compensation for merely pointing out somo
mistake of an employee—there must
be something radically wrong or
rotten in  Denmark!
Compensation board, as now
"run," is in my opinion not much
more than a sad Joke to workmen
who do not happen to be friends of
the board. But it's a mighty good
thing for those professional politicians with "soft snaps" "running" it
at salaries of several thousands of
dollars per year. I do not say that
the board is entirely devoid of sense
of duly, fair play, and christianlike
'-onduct. But I do knofw that practice of a whole lot more of these
things woilld not disgrace the board
itself, nor he out of place towards
crippled workmen, forced to endure
all kinds of humiliation. I understand that a government investigation of the board has been hinted
at. But I for one am going to write
my experience and demand one for
North Bay,  B.C.,  Aug.  25,   1924.
Haeckel and Evolution
Editor B.C. Federationst: Will F.
L. H., Ilkeston, Derby, England, tell
us "What is the title of, and where
procurable!' the statement thnt he
attributes to Haeckel, that the doctrine of evolution, particularly Darwinism, is error, and cannot be
maintained ? I thought, Mr. Editor, that I had read practically all of
Haeckel's writings on (he subject,
but so far have found no proof as to
liis having repudiated the principles
of evolution. Thnnking F. h. H. in
anticipation.       T.   A.   BARNARD.
Nanaimo, B.  C,  Aug.  28,  1924.
Ro Workmen's Compensation Bourd
Editor B. C. Federationist: Many
were pleased with your leader dealing with the Workmen's Compensation board and oxpress the wish
for a thorough enquiry into thc
matter. This is imperative not only in the interests of the injured
workmen of the province but also in
the interests of the board, itself. It
Is the general opinion that the enquiry should be directed along the
following  lines:
1. Has any doctor or doctors been
discriminated against in the interests
of a few?
2. What system Is adopted In the
appointment of doctors?
3. Havo workmen, who have refused operations" or changed doctors beon denied all benefits under
the net?
4. Why workmen are not allowed
to change doctors when dissatisfied?
5. Are worlomen notified that they
have a free choice of doctors and
has any influence been used to prevent this froo choice?
6. The exact fees which have been
paid under tho discretionary powers
possessed   by  the   board?
7. Aro the autocratic powers
wielded by tho board in thc best
intorests of the provinco at large
and tho injured workman in particular?
8. Should not a salaried, medical
man, debarred during his membership from private practico, be at tho
head of thc board?
It- would l)o advisable for the .medical association and lho labor orcir
illations to take this matter up ns ;
public duty. NEMESIS,
Vancouver,   B.C.,   Aug.   25,   1924,
patriotism. The claim that, tho Fas.
cists alone wero in. the right, how-
over sincere on tho part of somo of
them, served othors as a pretext for
grasping and exploiting official posi,
tions, for seeking honors and wealth
by evory kind of Illicit means, and
for throttling criticism. In this atmosphoro of compression and intolerance, an atmosphere favored by
the highost Fascist dignitaries, the
most criminal plans wero matured,
Thero had been a continual crescon-
Ho of vloinoce—from castor oil to
bludgeoning, from bludgcolng to the
suppression of men of second rank
until, finally, a socialist lender had
boon abducted in full daylight ln
tho centre of Rome .and murdered,
in completo carclssness of the effect
tho crime would produco, and with
entire belief in tho impdnity of the
criminals. "You, who express ns.
tonishment ftt this murder, you who
havo nover stopped to considor, I
do not say the physical risks but
tho mental torturo of thoae who oppose your govornment, do not turn
your oyes with horror from Matte,
ottl's corpse,   pierced   by    a    dozen
wounds, before you have measured
how great a part was played in this
crime by the setting of a general
fashion in violence. And among the
many anxieties of this hour, one especially afflicts me—the thought that
men of democratic and liberal mind
have adapted themselves to thts
fashion of violence, remembering
only tbe antecedent socialist acts ot
violence and allowing their faith In
liberty to be insulted and trodden
underfoot without ever thinking of
the enormous differecno between
abuses or crimes committed by i^.ln-
orlttes, or by individuals outside
the law, and the crimes perpetrated
with impunity by the ruling party
that administers the law—that party
whose chiefs frequently threaten
with 'execution' those who dare to
dicer from them In thought and
Did not 400 officers of the Fascist National Militia telegraph to
Signor Mussolini their readiness "to
kill and die" for Fascism, flrst
among them General De Bono, the
chief commissioner of police? Too
often had it seeed that tbe Italian
upper classes, in their gladness at
the restoration of public order and
of prosperity In business, were ready
to sell Hght.heartily, ln exchange
for these material benefits, every
ideal principle, every tradition of
the Risorgimento which taught that
no price is too high to pay for freedom. Nor did those classes, re.
member that all systems of coer.
cion, even though they create ephemeral outward order, also create
disorder in the public mind and
prepare terrible reactions. No sys.
tem is eternal. Political changes
are necessary and healthy. Even
the Italian general election had
shown premonitory symptoms of
change, symptoms that had increased the anxieties of those who kno'.v
how grave are the risks run by a
system of government which, in at.
tempting to suffocate all dissent,
arouses rancour the more tenacious
the more it is repressed.
It will be vain, concluded Signor
Albertini, to talk of concord unless
another path Is trodden. The first
step must be to assure the independence of the judiciary, as well as
the independence of parliament and
the responsibility of the executive.
If citizens are to obey the governmont, the government itself must
respect the law. Could tho Fascist
government attain these aims?
Could it control the tempest it had
lot looso? The conduct of its mill.
Ua, even since tht murder of Matteotti, made the answer doubtful,
and tho question remained whother
Italians were to receive the rules of
their political life from the crown,
the parliament and a government
supported by parliament, or from
armed groups of Fascists and their
Such a speech from a man who,
last April, was himself under sentence of "execution" by the Fascists
was an act of rare civic courage,
Others followed, notably Count Sfor-
za, tho former minister for foreign
affairs, who exclaimed, "In dying,
Matteotti has conquered." But it
was. Albertini who stnted In its truo
terms the question of Mussolini's
responsibility. The apologists of
Mussolini in tho British press have
hastened to scout tho notion that
he can be in any way held answerable for the murder. So to defend
him Is to belittle the issue, which is
not whether Mussolini actually knew
of or sanctioned one particular
"crime, "but whethor tho whole system which he and his associates
have established .could yield other
than criminal results.
To that question the answer Ib in
, the nogative. Mussolini's responsi.
bility is clear, even without citing
his former speeches in which he
called upon his followers to give
their  opponents   "three  minutes   of
quick-firing, Fascist    treatment,"
or "red-hot lead in the back," and
to be "prepared to kill or die." The
case against him is put unanswer.
ably by his whole record, as well ae
by his failure to donounco previous
killings .of his political opponents.
Far more than by the tribunals,
which may or may not dare to convict the murderers of Mattoolti, Fascism will Ijo judged by tho Italian
people who, If thoy still cherish the
Ideals of their Risorgimento,' will
flnd means to overcome tlie bloody
tyranny of Fascism ns their fathers
overthrew the loss bloody tyranny
of the Austrlans and of tho NcapoJL
tan Bourbons.
Unless I misjudge the character
of tho  Italian   people  thero can be
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British Columbia's Fifty-fifth Annual
SEPT. 8-13, 1924
•THE  ItOUND-TIUP  TICKET,   wliich  Includes   admission   to  tile
i- Exhibition, can ho imrcliused at tlio Cftrf-
Carrall Street Station for   OUC
D. E. MncKcnzlt*. Manager and Socretary
Street cars direct to Park
ovory tow minutes
Seven Races Daily
Rain or Shine
MutuclH under miporvlfllon Royal
Canadian Mountod Police
Westminster Thoroughbred
Association, Limited
it Hi HuhiIiikm Street East
Vanconver, II. C,
but ono outcomo to the proGont
struggle. Soonor or lator, probably
sooner than later, Fascism will be
dofcated. It may Jteht hard and do
many a fell deed boforo it Js dually
vanquished; before ito evil spirit is
exorcised it may grievously toar tho
Italian body-politic; but it is lighting
a losing battle. The representative
system of govornment Is tho only
means yet discovered by free communities for the management of
their affairs. It is the negation of
tyranny, aa tyranny ls its mortal
foe. At a moment when parliament,
ary institutions, in many Byropean
countries, are exposed to dangers
formerly unforscen; when "tho dictatorship of the proletariate," on the
one hand, and regular or Irregular
military dictatorships, on the other,
threaten individual liberty, when
amalgamations of industries and
banks tend to control economic life
and to dominate the press, it is
more than over necessary that the
essential doctrines of political freedom should be proclaimed and de.
fended by those who hold them in-
soparablo from the public weal.
In rcdooming herself from the stain
with which Fascism has aullied her
honor,  Italy may redeem  moro than
herself. Sho may sot an example
that will encourage and strengthen
men and womon of liberal thought
everywhere. Her .Struggle, already
tragic, may bo long and perilous. It
may cost many .gallant lives. But
since she hns still sons who, undeterred by throats of murder, daro
to speak their minds and vindicate
their convictions, tho final issue
cannot bc in doubt.
WANTED—Attendanco Officer for
." tho Vancouver Schools. Duties
commence 2nd September, 1924. Applications addressed to J. S. Gordon,
School Bonrd Office, Vancouver, B. C.
SEALED TENDERS,  addrcs»ed to the un-
designed, will be recoived by the' Council un to  8  o'clock   p.m. ot  Monday,  September 8 noit, (or the supply of
800 fi-8 inch Water Meters.
50 8-4 inch Water MotorB.
Tbo motor*  nr«  tn  bo nil lironse,   front-
proof, with coupling tails, circular dial, reading in cubic feet, and KamplcB nro required
with   tender*.
Tlio lowest or any tender not necessarily
Canvassing members of iho Council for this
liusini'ss will bo held to bc a disqualification.
Municipal Hall, 6861  West Boulevard, Vnncouver,   B.C., Aug.  25,   1924.
Give Bread First
Place in Your
Diet &
li VERY task you undertake—mental or manual—
every "lick of work" you do "eats up" energy.
Keep your furnace fires _—x_ with plenty of fcood
1 HAT hurried mid-day meal—make it o luncheon of delicious
fcolden-crusted Bread with a bowl of creamy rich milk—perfect
fuel-food for the human dynamo. ,
Lot '33 x 120 feet, on 13th Avenue West, Kitsilano.
Price $500
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
sixteenth tear,   no. 85 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vawquvbr. a a
FRIDAY -Auguat it, 192*1
Sprott-Shaw Schools
Early enrollment means early preparation.
Our standards are high, hence the success of our students is great.
COlt. M4JN and 10th AVE Fair. 11
R. J. SPROTT, B.A., Mgr.
CORRESPONDENT    living    intto America.   Well, all we can say is,
Corporation of Point Grey
Phone Kerrisdale 91
to be held in Council Chamber, Municipal H-all,
Kerrisdale, B. C, on TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER
2,1924, at 10 a.m.
Costs can be avoided by immediate payment of arrears..
Por list of properties to be offered send stamped addressed
W. A. SHEPPABD, Collector.
Wages mean more than the price of
a certain number of houra of work.
They mean Jife and a chance to enjoy
and advance the civilization of the
day. If you think that it is all right
to pay a woman 19 a week, simply
because you can get her to work for
99 a week, then you think that it Is
all right for you to take from that
woman not only the hours of work
you havo bargained for, but also her
health, her comfort, her chances for
pleasure and education, and provision ifor her old age or sickness. You
will take all these things, because a $9
a week wage can supply none of them.
Tou "will also be taking from the community a healthy, happy, interested
citizen and leaving In    her   place a
Piano Buyers
We Protect You!
INTENDING piano purchasers frequently inquire what protection we
fiflVr our custoiners who nro overtaken
hy sickness or loss of employment,
whilo purchashjjr an instrument oh
easy terms. It is useless to offer SO
or 60 dnys protection whero an illness
exter.ds to three or four months,
Lewis' policy really gives protection
in all genuine cases of sickness or
Joss of employment.
By   Selling  bn   Easy   Terms—
Makes Every Customer a Booster
Lewis Leads!   Follow Who Can!
woman who will have neither time nor
energy to make a contribution to any
social progress, a woman whose standard of living must be too low for safety; in fact, a woman, who is a liability
instead of an asset in the community
life. This is too large a contribution for
any one 'person to take from another,
yet those who pay less than a living'
wage are taking such a toll from every
person they employ, and from every
community In which these persons
livo.—From "Radio Talks on "Women
in Industry," prepared and broadcast
by the women's bureaus of the United
States  department  of labor.
Send in Your Bundle Orders Now
Prices for The B. C. Federationist
ordered in bundles: Fifty for $2, 100
for $3.50, 500 for $10. Mailed to any
If You Want to Save
Money, Come In  and
See Us
Men's Greb "Work Boots, with or
without toe cap.   Special $4.95
Men's Leather Slippers, size  6
to 10; $2.50 value.  Special
.'.  $1.85
Just received from England, a
line of Knit Ties.    Special
 SOo and 75c
Our Towels from England are
too late for the swimmers; to
clear   50c and 75c
Boys'. Tweed Pants C5o
Boys'   Jerseys, open    neck—>
 $1.25 and $1.50
Boys' Heavy Rib Cotton Hose.
Arthur Frith & Co.'
Men's and Boys' Furnishings
Hals, Boots and Shoes
Between 7th and 8th avenuei
Phone, Fairmont 14
Freah Cot Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florets' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastlnga Street East        2—STORES—2        655 Granville Street
Lot 66 x 120 feet, corner McDonald and 13th Avenue,
Price $1,000
Terms—$50 down, $10.00 per month.
£*■ England takes exception to our
attitude towards Christianity and
the theory of evolution. . The former
matter was dealt /with last week.
With regard to the latter, we would
quote the most respectable Daily
Mail. The Bishop of Birmingham
told the Evening News that the time
had come when the doctrine of
evolution must be accepted by all
* *      *
Tlie worthy Bishop went on to
say that there was no special creation of Adam and Eve . . . probably a gradual evolution of a tribe
of monkeys who slowly began to
shdw a brain development characteristic  of humanity.    Such heresy.
* *      *
Yes, the doctrine of evolution is
becoming respectable at last. The
day will come no doubt when social.
Ism will 1)0 respectable. . . to the
detriment of socialism.
* *      *
Armstrong merchants are to 'give
a crato of celery twice a week to the
Prince of "Wales during his visit to
Canada. These merchants present a
highly interesting, study. It is not
going too far to say that they arc
typical patriots, of wJUch the lesser
fry, wage slaves, etc., content themselves with flag-flapping and cheer-
ins; and  mild  forms of hysteria.
* *      *
As examples of patriotism we prefer such men as the premier of
Egypt or Ghandi In India. Their
Patriotism means something to
them and it costs them .something—
something more than a crate of
celeiy twice a week. Which Js merely a good advertisement.
* *     *
Far better if those worthy merchants would begin at home with
their charity and dip their hands into
their pockets for the unemployed soldiers—or, better still (since the soldiers don't want charity)—if they
wouid use their influence to mend
* , *     *
The stage is all set for the bringing
of more settlers to Canaad. Flow to
start overseas by March of the coming year. This is all most interesting.
To think that they can bring men and
women in from another land and help
them settle, and yet they cannot help
the poor unfortunates who are here
and who are up against it for a bare
subsistence might be very bewildering to some. Our suggestion is that
it is going to be profitable for some
that we do not envy the poor Prince.
To have a bunch like that tagging
about after him cannot help but
serve to take some of the "joy out of
life." We can quite imagine that he
will really enjoy life when he gets
among some of hfs herds of thoroughbreds. It will be such an agreeable  change.
♦ ■#*'*♦
Mayor Owen is of the opinion, it
would appear, that our police force ls
rather too small for our fair city—
and he does not consider it a slam to
so state publicly it would seem. We
wonder if he is afraid that the conference is going to be a failure at
Ottawa re unemployment, and that
the situation in Vancouver is not going
to bo pleasant this winter. We might
assure him that the conference will
undoubtedly be a failure so far us accomplishing anything worth while
along the lines of permanently abolishing of unemployment. Further,
we might assure him that all the
policemen.In the world can never
make any city safe and freo 'from
hold ups, etc, whore men and women
are compelled to go hungry, unless
they choose to beg, borrow or steal.
# *     *
Our reactionary friends are all the
while looking for, what they can consider a safo remedy for this unemployment problem. By that they
mean, something that will allow them
to still retain all the rights and privileges that they now enjoy, while at
the samo time giving these unfortunate creatures enough of the essentials in this life to keep them quiet—
and peaceful. We fear however, that
those good old days are all but gone.
The issue is a real live one and must
be faced frankly and honestly.
* *     *
It has been reported recently in our
daily press that Canada's loans arc
coming home. "Last year ?2,170,170
of outstanding debts due to Canada
was collected through our London
office, and this year we hope to collect more than H000,000." Such was
the reported statement of the Hon.
P. C. Larkin, Canadian High Commissioner in London. Now, that all
sounds very interesting. It is, too,
for the other fellow. Certainly we
have not seen any of thnt two million
collected last yenr, and we doubt if
we will see a bit of the four million
that they hope to collect next year.
It would appear to us that we are
simply running a collecting agency
over in London, for the good of some
of our financial interests, at our ex-
one to bring them here and that, per-  pense'   U ia the Same old stor^   The
haps it will be more profitable for
those who bring thom than for those
who are brought. Well, anyway, it
is worth thinking about, to say the
* *     *
Defies mass meeting! Why not? He
is eloefed and feels shot he is quite
safe. The Hon. T. D, Pattullo, minister of lands, is reported as having
taken this defiant attitude. He is
selling that which belongs to us, to
some private concern, too, it would
seem, and yot he does not care what
think, or say, or do. If It were
before elections he would be eating
humble pie. They all do; he would
be no exception. If all these timber
interests are so valuable to private
concerns and the latter are willing to
pay for them, isn't it odd that they
are not of equal value to tho people
themselves. Of courso they are, but
private interests rule; what they say
ls law.
* *     *
All that stir about the mysterious
signals out at Point Grey and elsewhere, wns perhaps quite uncalled for-
There were a lot of mysterious forces,
no doubt, at work at Nelson about
that time and these would no doubt
account for much of these disturbances. There are very few things
that they do not affect. We cannot
see why our wireless should be immune from their influences, in fact,
we cannot see how they could be, no
matter how they tried. They havo
been trying to "tune them, out" for
many hundreds of years, but they are
still "messing things up a bit."
* •      *
The press has been informing us of
late of tho popularity of the Prince's
ship—the one that is bringing him
across the Atlantic to his ranch. All
thi young daughters of the vnrious
aristocrats across lho wator feel apparently, that now is the time to come
big interests are simply manipulating
our government In a manner beneficial to themselves. So far as the
people's own interests are concerned,
that is purely of secondary importance, it would appear to us.
• • •
A very serious condition would appear to be present in the conduct of
police affairs when two men can be
detained in prison ns wns Wm.
McElroy and Wm. Brewster, according to reports. To think that two
men have had to remain In jail since
early in July under conditions such
as these men are reported to havu experienced is rather raw, to say the
least, to occur In a so-called civilized
country. Some of us are beginning
to doubt the civilized Part of it, when
we learn of such conditions.
Make Union a Unit of Harmony
and Purpose and Power
and Progress
[From Labor Clarion]
We need to arouse the Bpirit of organization among wage earners
• On every hand conferences are
befng called for this purpose, that
purpose and the other purpose.
Conferences are being called for
advancing the ideal of partisan political nction, and for all manner of
political business.
Conferences are being called for
the promotion of factional movements
of one kind and another. Among
others, the borers from within, disrupters with their suicidal policies,
aro busy organizing groups within
the movemont.
What wo need is not a movement
full of groups, but a movement
united. * What wo need Is not tho organization of wings and factions, but
ne movement moving along solidly.
What we need is not tlio promotion of isms and fancies, but the solidarity of labor. What we neBd is
not the organization of conferences
for this and that Individual or
group purpose, but tho organization of tho unorganized. What we
noed is not men and women looking
out for their own chanco to put something over, but men and women iook-
ng but for the labor movement.
Wo need officers and we need our
various staffs trained to their wbrk,
but we need a host putting their heart
and soul into tho movement beoause
it expresses their hopes and faith and
Our labor movement doesn't need
anybody's patent nostrums; It doesn't
need anybody's dope. It doesn't need
anybody's pet salvation, and It
doosn't need the ism of any
littlo group. Neither does it
need the leadership of the pink tea
armchair highbrows. Tho labor movement hns within itself that out of
which it must flnd its soul, flre the
idealism of men and women, and
shape its policies.
The labor movement has within itself all that is needed. Thnt is because faithful, loyal men and women
have put those things, into our movement. There will always be in any
movement all that is put into it by
those who are in tho movement.
The moment any great numbor get
the idea of getting something out of
the movement, that moment will it
begin to go down grade.
We need thousands and millions
who will put everything into the
The movement must represent the
faith of men and women by tho million. It must represent the sum of
their hopes and of their devotion to
tho common Idealism of the wage
There must be service, which means
work. No wage earning man or
woman has a right to romain aloof
from the labor movement. Each be-
}*an_* with the ranks, and being in,
oach owes It to the movement to make
it tho best movement, the most effective movement, the most expressive
movement that it can possibly be.
Givo service to our movement. Organize the unorganized. Make the
union a-unlt of harmony and purpose.
Mnke nil unions one movement of
power and progress, fired'with the
ipirlt of service to humanity, devoted
to the ideals of freedom and justice, a
grand army of service, an unconquer-
ble foe of wrong and reaction!
Quarter-Acre Lot on Dow Road, between Victory
and Trafalgar, Burnaby.
Price $400
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
This lot, which has been cleared for building, has a
magnificent view overlooking the North Arm.
Lansdowne Park
(Lulu Island)
Special trains .from Davie and Seymour Streets, via B 0 Electric, direct
to courso, Bo von milea south of Vancouver.   Paved highway all the way.
West Coast Jockey Olub
Telophone Soy, 2101
BOOK for 1923.1924, by the La
bor Research Department of the
Rand School of Socinl Science;
Salon De Leon, director; Nathan Fine, associate; published by
the Rand SchoqJ oE Social- Science, of East Fifteenth street,
New York, N.Y, Prico net, $3
Postage,  15  cents.
^THIS Is the fifth Issue of this
worthy year book. 'The contents
will convince you of tho great Im,
portance of the work as a reliable
record of American and foreign la
bor activity. No effort has been
spared to mako this book reliable
and authentic. The outstanding
features Is the entire, non-existence
of partiality in tho setting.forth of
facte and figures both domestic and
foreign—a big undertaking in these
tinles of industrial strife and tur.
moll. This year book is published
for the uso of those interested* in
prsent-day industrial        affairs.
Friends and foes of our economic
Bystem will find the work trustworthy in every detail, and they
should get a copy, read it carefully
and keep it as a standard book of
reference. Every labor union, social
uplift organization, business and
publio establishment should not be
without it. The research depart,
ment of the Rand Bchool has accomplished something unique and very
valuable in the cause of labor, and
it Is to bo hoped will continue to
publish this book in the    years    to
The greatest assistance Umt the
readers of The Federationist can render us at this time, Is hy securing a
now subscriber. By doing so you
spread the news of the working class
movement and assist us.
come. The work hao certainly Justified tho why and wherefore of its
being printed. Its contents comprise
chapters on (1) Industrial and So.
cial Conditions, (2) Trade Union
Organization, (3) Labor Disputes,
(4) Labor Politics, (5) Labor Legislation, (6) Court Decisions Affecting Labor, (7) Civil Liberties, (8)
Workers Education, (9) Labor Bank.
Ing, (10) Co-operation, (11) International Relations of Labor, (12)
Trade Unionism, (13) Co-operation
Abroad, (14) International Labor
Directory. In these articles will bo
found tlio very latest procurable datn
on the world of labor. This should
satisfy everyone. We congratulate
Editor De Leon upon Ills great
THE Annual Meeting of
1 Federated Labor Party
Burnaby Branch, will be
held Thursday, Sept. 4th, in
Oddfellows' Hall, McKay,
Burnaby, when officers-for
the coming year will be
All members nre urged to
be present at this meeting.
Labor today is having to assume its share of responsibility for the government of
our land, as never before.
Let us see a large turnout of
our members,
SINCLAIR, 1555 Sunset avenue,
Pasadena,  California.
«DED: Think of it, old man—
*■*■ that night of horror! When
a man hns seen his wife go like that,
can anyone blame him for turning
rebel—for hating capitalism, and
the world of grafters? Ned wanted
her husband—she wanted her child
—she wanted life; and she got tho
most horrible death! That's what
poverty is! And I say, God damn
a (world that stands for poverty!
God damn the whole filthy system,
masters and henchmen—stool pigeons spying on wage-slavbs, 'cutors
throwing men into jail. . . . "—
Scene 3, act ill.
This drama is Indeed a classic;
and, no doubt, lt will live. Many of
the scenes emulate the frightful acrimonious reality of life and are a
fine example of the wonderful power
of expression. The play has a wido
majestic range of emotional greatness, you may say at onco as deep
and thrilling as a Shakespearian
drama. "Singing Jailbirds" is n
strictly down to date production,
and should be read by everyone, par.
tlcularly by students of economic
reorganization and the new psychology.
School Shoes
Every Shoe is All Solid Leather, made to stand B.
C. weather.  They are Economical Buying, because
they Wear Better.
Built from heel to toe to stand thc roughest usage that a boy
ean give it. Made from No. 1 grade oil tto leather. Heavy-
clump outsole, solid leather counter, toe, heel, and insole.
All seams wax-stitched.
Sizes 11 to 3*/2 $5.00.
Sizes  1 to41/2 , 6.50
5 to 5i/2 6.60
Heavy weight unlinod blaek grain school boot. Two full
soles, stitched and rivettcd. Sturdy enough to stand hard
Sizes 11 to 131/2   - $3.25
Sizes  1 to  5-J4  3.50
AVhilc they last.   About 100 pairs of  boys'   White   tennis
shoes, sizes 11 to 131/4 and 1 to 5.
Special ..."   $1.25 Pair
A solidly constructed brown elk   boot  with   double   soles.
Just tho thing for hard wear.
Sizes 11 to 2     $4,75
Good fitting, broad toe lasts, oak soles. This well-known
malic is always satisfactory.
Sizes 8 to IO14  $3.25
Sizes 11 to 2    ,_ $3.45
Strong, blaek grain school boots, mado for outdoor wear.
Sizes 5 to 10      $2.65
Si_.es 11 to 2 $3.25
A line specially built for dress and school wear.   Heavy 10
gauge outsole and best quality upper.
Sizes 11 to 2 at      $4.95
TO CLEAR „...'.  $1.85 PAIR
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
9 McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week. _
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Ask for CATTO'S.    For sale at all Government Liquor Stores
Tbii advertisement ls not published or displayed ty the Liquor Control Board or
by tbe Government of British Columbia
Why You Should Drink
Recommended by your physician
Absolutely pure
New vigor and strength in every drop
Incomparable as to quality
Excellent flavor
Refreshing at all times
Brewed and bottled in British Columbia
Efficient as a health producer    '
Every Government Vendor sells it
Recognized as the standard of Beers
. *f
Rainier Brewing Company of Canada Limited
1 Head Office: IS Gore Avenue, Vancouver, B. C
A corporation owned, controlled and operated exclusively by residents
of British Columbia with British Columbia capital
atk for
when ordering
This advtrlisimtnt ii ml published cr display<d by tht Liquor
Control Board cr A, tht Govirnmint cf British Columbia


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