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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Dec 29, 1922

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£0/ ?-tt-_ ~<l>l<<y?
nJ     J      1
Official Organ Vancouver Trades aind Labor Council (International)        -^.politicai. unity: victory
$2.60 PER YEAR
Will Combat Mil ^rism
Fortune Hunting
Workers of Flowery Kingdom Are Realizing
Their Power
(By Defense Nows Service]
Hongkong, China—Chinese workers
are on the verge of a great general
strike against the militarists, who are
today the scourge of that vast section
of China known as the South, and
against tho hugo loan which the fortune-hunting politicians at Canton are
seoking from British capitalists. This
loan ostensibly is for administration
purposes, but In reality is for military
Three thousand Labor Unions will
be involved in this walkout. Only
within the last three years have the
workers In China awakened to their
own power. Until 1920 they were in
bondage; they worked long hours,
took whatever wage was offered them,
and accepted their conditions as fatal'
lsts do.
Dr. Sun Yat Sen Is credited with
having awakened them. He had led
the revolution in 1911, which changed
the govornment from monarchy to republic. Reaction had followed, however, and for Bome years Sun Yat Sen
was an exile. Finally tho tide turned
again in his favor.
Nine years had taught Sun Yat Sen
a grout deal. He had had reason to
change his mind somewhat about po-
llticl governments as related to the
people at large. He perceived that
after all, in China as everywhero else,
the forces of capitalism control. He
Baw that only through tho upbuilding
of a solid alliance of workers throughout the industries could there be any
hopo of defeating tho exploiters who
were striking nt China's throat.
So ho began to spread tho word,
and to effect organization. Many of
the idealists who had served with him
In the rovolution, worked with him
now. In three years, 130 unions have
been established in Hongkong; 350 in
Canton, and throughout the South the
number has exceeded 3000, and is
steadily rising.'
The trend is directly toward industrial unionism, with the overthrow of
capitalism and capitalistic authority
frankly stated as the chief goal, and
with the kfndrod objects of bettering
the working and living conditions of
those who toil, and of improving their
working ability.
Early in 1922, the strike of the Chinese seamen In Hongkong demonstrated the power of industrial solidarity.
Dozens of British and American ships
were tied up in this port. The seamen
struck for a living wage; they were
tfcen getting *7 to $15 a month.
Hongkong Ib a British possession,
an island at the mouth of the Canton
river, and one of the world's greatest
ports. The Hongkong government
aided the ship-owners in their attempts to crush the strike. It raided
the headquarters of the Chinese Seamen's Union here, arrested strike-
leaders and pickets, and denied the
strikers their right to peacefully assemble.
Theroupon all Chinese workers in
*      Hongkong united in a general strike
in sympathy with the seamen, und the
employers were driven into a corner.
They compromised by granting a 15
per cent, increase to men on sea-going vessels and 25 per cent, to those
*v   on coastwise ships, plus wages to cover
^ the full period of the trlke.
President Hoover and Business Agent Cottrell
The Street and Electric Railway-
men elected their officers for the
coming term on Friday last, W. H.
Cottrell was again returned as financial secretary and business agent, and
Fred Hoover was re-elected as president. Tho full results of the elections
President—F. A. Hoover elected,
363; J. E. Smith, 324.
Business Agent and Financial Secretary—W. H. Cottrell, elected, 414;
F. E. Griffln, 276.
Recording Secretary—A. V. Lofting, elected, 338; H. W, Spoed, 334.
Treasurer*—A. F. Andrew, elected,
451; W. L. Jackson, 193.
Auditors—(Three to elect): T. H.
Elliott, elected, 478; M. McKenzle,
286: E. G. Kermode, elected, 474; S.
Wedgobury, elected, 331; S. Wy-
bourne, 262.
Executive Member for Night Men—
(Ono to Elect): W. H. Arnold, elected,
72; J. Johnstone, 60; J. Price, 63.
Executive Member for Day Men—
(One to Elect): T. H. Elliott, 68; M.
McKenzie, 42; A. E. Selby, elected,
83; S. Wedgebury, 34; J. A. Wood,
The following were elected by acclamation:
First Vice-president—P. Logee.
Second Vice-president—H. T. Ford.
Exocutive Member for Extra Men—
W. Deptford.
Executive Member for North Vancouver—W. A. Harris.
Warden—(Day Men): J. A. Wood.
Warden—(Night Men): W. Deptford.
Conductor—(Day Men): E. G. Kermode.
Relief Committee—J. Hendry, W.
H. Arnold. R. Hllchey.
Judge of Elections—E. Clampltt.
Tellers—Vancouver, H. T. Ford, W.
North Vancouver—W. A. Harris.
Lulu Island—T. Guthre.
(jfiiri--. i» ovew
Supreme court      - ,*,,-_.«.
--Drawn by Al. J. Call uglian,  Ji'edcratod  Press   Staff  Cartoonist
"Vancou -
a    vory
Plutocracy   Will   Destroy
Nationalism and
Bring Ruin
HundredsV Local Workers
Are GivV Christmas
Somo 450 mon nWl"K in
ver and district. rooty ved
"nice" Christmas box laW^1*. when
they were informed by theP-T employers that they would havo to Jf»' until
Jan. 8, 1923. \
The men laid off are C. P. if- employees, men who work in the\an°!,a'
and not connected with the ru,nninE
trades or tho employees engagt.id ln
round-house work, \
Many of the mon havo only averaged nbout three days a week for twj
and a half years, and this additional
enforced idleness, has only made their1
l0TheechapdeR. shopmen and Other |\*>^
French and German Capitalists to Combine to
Hold Fortunes
[By Paul Hanna]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Washington—Downfall of French
nationalism, and the complete victory
of French plutocracy In partnership
with British nnd American financiers
for the exploitation of Europe, are
events forecast by the present "alarums and excursions" of diplomats here
and abroad.
Fronch chauvinism Is going tho
road of Prussianism in Oermany. Berlin's great piny to rule the continent
of Europe crashed to earth in 1918,
The tragic effort made by Paris to thc
same end will meet a similar fate early in 1923. Rulers in both capitals
were surprised by "national necessity"
no less than ambition, and both have
attained national ruin as their reward.
Thore will be no international loan
of billions to restore the German mark
nor to balance tho French budget.
Gorman capitalists, headed by Stlnnes
and French capitalists, guided by
Loucheur, are throwing away the out-
wcrn mummery of "national pride" In
order to salvage their private fortunes and Join the aggregation of international plutocrats which is about
to divide up lho natural and human
resources of both France and Gormany for their joint and mutual exploitation.
French nationalist pretensions will
go to tho guillotine on Jan. 15. On
that dato Germany's final inability to
pay will prove lho French treasury to
bo as hollow a shell na the treasuries
of Berlin, Vienna, Moscow or the rest
of Continental Europo.
Leon Daudet, fantaical dreamer of
a new monarchy in France, screams
his wrath against the thing he cannot
prevent, exclaiming In tho chamber of
'What I see coming ls a petroleum
and hydro-electric ministry, constituting an alliance between tho all-powerful American magnates and M, Louch-
er himself."
•   This     financial    receivership      for
The New Year and the Workers* Prospects
DUE TO HABIT, or laok of thought, the workers imagine that a new year will bring them something
better than they had in the old one. In spite of their experiences, which prove that times become
harder instead of better, they still hope for better things, while their employers organize to see that
they get the best out of the economio conditions which prevail.
For a considerable time the members of such organizations as the Board of Trade, Rotarian and other
similar organizations have been talking of a " better spirit between capital and Labor.'' Such sentiments
when expressed at banquets, from which the workers are naturally excluded, sound very nice and make
good copy for the capitalistic press. But the confidential documents of the employing class which are
circulated muoh like "Bolsheviki literature" is supposed to be spread in the ranks of the workers, (by
the underground method), reveal that such sentiments are not genuine, but exprpessed by those who
utter them with their tongues in their cheeks,
The organized Labor movement is not sleeping. In fact, if some of the "friends of organized labor"
realized just what was known of the activities of the employers, they would get a shock, Sufficient at
this time to say, that some of the confidential doouments of the employers are read at length by the officials of the Labor movement, and one which has come to hand at this time, strikes us rather forcibly
when we consider that ajlarge number of the workers are expecting better times in the new year.
-■ Tbii document emanate! from the offloe of the Empioysrs Association of B. 0. It is signed by _ Oeo.
Munday. One sub-head line reads as follows: "Closed Shops Must Go." That is a nice prospect for
organized workers. The American Plan is evidently to be tried here. But another passage indicates that
the employers of this Province are behind a scheme to raise funds for the defeat of the Alberta miners
now on strike, and to defeat the miners of Eastern British Columbia when they make their demands for
a new agreement in the coming spring, while still another proves that the individual who penned the
document in question, imagines that the miners and railroad workers are planning for the national ownership of the basic industries, and that strikes are planned for this object.
The document contains the following statement: "All organized Labor in British Columbia at the present time is abiding the time only when there is sufficient industrial activity and shortage of Labor to obtain this." . The evident error in this quotation is not ours, but is an actual coy of the document quoted.
The concluding appeal to the employers reads as follows: "You have waited a long time for the return of prosperity whioh will be set back by the eventual strikes that are bound to take place, and it is
the purpose of the Employers' Association to prevent this, but only with your assistance."
Largely Signed Petition Is
Presented to S. A.
Johannesburg, South Africa—Petitions (or amnesty bearing 36,000 signatures and asking for the release of
strikers now In prison and the dropping of all charges growing out of the
rising of last spring have been presented to the governor-general of
South Africa.
The petitions read ln part:
"Arising out o_ the recent Industrial
trouble, on the Wltwatersrand, large
numbers of citizens, British and Dutch
including a large proportion of returned soldiers, have been tried and
are still awaiting trial In magisterial
courts as well as ln the special treason
court appointed by your excellency,
and being held at Johannesburg.
"The sentences passed and the continuance of these trials are preventing
an assuagement of the bitter feeling
which culminated ln the recent industrial trouble and which is still in existence.
"Your petitioners believe that a remittal of the sentences paBsed and the
declaration of a general amnesty for
persons awaiting trial in connection
with the recent industrial trouble
would tend to allay the bitter feeling
which exists and would help to establish peace and happiness in the union
of South Africa."
Princo Arthur of Connaught, the
governor general, agreed to receive
the petitions after Premier Jan Smuts
had refused to have; anything to do
with them. Smuts is conducting the
savage repression which set in after
airplanes had bombed the trades
council hall and compelled the strikers to surrender.
employees, ln addition to thoir loss of
timo during the past year, have contributed generously to tbe striko fund
of the local men on _trike''agalnst the
Oreat Northorn Railwny, and their
resources have been very limited for
somo considerable time, In spite of tho
return of "prosporlty," which has
been so much heralded, and the latest
sign of this prosperity, hns not added
mueh to their comfort. Tho only
satisfaction they have Is that In spite
of their hard times, thoy havo not
forgotten their follows on striko.
Oim-'ii Forum
The usual Open Forum will bo held
on Sundav aftcrnoo-. Doc. 81, from 3
£ndoPrWe_t! l.fNVUiru.twi.is3,°e3at|of a-s.nglo.   great    syndicate     and
-- "Soc_Lli_m,,.What It Is and What I reducing    h»«le    politicians  to   the
■tral Europe will be wider In Hb makeup than Daudet lndlcatos. The Brlt-
feh will be ln lt. And J. P. Morgan,
n iw busy in his shift from worthless
government bonds to natural resourced, lias been in Washington to make
sur. that Amorica will not movo until
the hour ls ripe, and meanwhile do
nothing to postpone the political disintegration of Franco or Germany.
America's sound 'Popular resistance
to entanglement abroad will conform
very nicely to the now technique of
the inH-niatlonal financiers. If their
scheme goes through the danger of
futuro Vi'H,'s between Germany nnd
Franco wtll bc removed by the simple proceed 0* putting tho natural resources of i oth countries In the bands
Conferonco Committee to Meet
The unemployed conference commit
tee will hold a meeting In the City
Hall, Thursday, January 5.   All delegates  are  requested  to  attend   this
U.  S.  Authorities  Would
Deport Canadian-
born Citizens
Finds It Hard to Hold the
Power After It Is
Attempt to Import Germans
by U. S. Railroad Is
Hartford, Conn. — Threo Germnns,
former soldiers in tho Kaiser's army,
brought here to worlt as strikebreakers in the Bhops of the Now York,
New Haven & Hartford Railroad, havo
beon arrested on orders from tho department of Labor at Washington, and
aro being bold pending deportation
Tho mon, evidontly victims of their
ignorance of American immigration
laws and of the railroad's attempt to
crush the shopmen's union, havo bcen
used, among others brought hero from
various places, to take the place of
some of thie 600 local employees of the
New Haven, many of them veterans of
the American army in the war for democracy.      -*•*■*•-
The detection of these imported
workors, officials of tho shopmen's
union say, frustrated plans of the
railroad lo import several hundred
.mochanlcs from Germany and other
European,countries. The union officials declare that the existence of this
plan shows tho lengths to which tho
railroad will go to break the union,
as well as tlio desperate situation still
existing in tlie railroad shops of the
Now Haven.
Tho 5000 shopmen who went on
strike in thu shops of tho New Haven
aro maintaining a good front, and tho
shops aro being operated largely by
machinists and mechanics with neither thc skill nor the exporienco to perform thoir worlt properly.
It is understood that an action will
be brought against tho railroad for
violation of the contract labor clause
of tho immigration law.
i i mm
Typograhpical  Union  Has
Played Part in Electoral Contests
W. H. Trotter, second vice-president of the International Typographical Union, who has been engaged for
some considerable time in work for
tho organization In all parts of the
country, returned home for thu Christmas holidays, and will deal with local
It Ifl Not."
level ol   Ioca'  administrators.
Sydney. New South Wales.—By a
ruling of the arbitration court, clerks
in retail houses now get a week's
holiday on full pay overy year. Formerly holidays wero granted without
Bennett  to  Speak
Finn Hall, Clinton
The Ian tern led ure on tho Hod
Army, delivered in the W. 1'. Hall a
month ago, created so much interest
nnd ao many people were prevented
from seeing the pictures becnuse of
lho limited capacity of the hall that
iho Finnish Workers havo requested
Comrade Bennott to deliver the same
lecture at theh- hall, Clinton and Pun-
dor, on Sunday, Deo. 81. Comrade
Bennett has agreed, and the meeting
Will start at 8 o'clock. Everybody in
town wbo desires to see these pictures
will be welcome.
affairs for a short timo, and endoavoi
to .straighten out tho local strike situ,
it is Interesting to nolo that thc
local Typographical Union has within
its ranks tbo second vice-president of
the International Union, W. It. Trotter; a member of the Provincial Legislature, H. H. NeolandB! a city alderman who headed tho polls In the ro-
Two Speakers fnr l\ h, P.
Mrs. Lorrlmer nnd It. H. Neelands,
M. L. A., will be tho speakers for the
F. L, P. at hoaduarlers, 148 Cordova
Street Wost. on Sunday next. Mr.
Neelands will give a review of tho recent session of (he Provincial House.
Detroit—-The $0,000,000 in taxes collected during November from tho automobile industry in tho Detroit district on salos of tho previous month,
showod that production is twico what
it was last yenr, according to the collector of internal revenue.
Paris—At tho ilnal .session of lho
Radical-Socialist congress at Marseilles, Mayor Herrlot, whose recent visit
to Moscow created a stir throughout
Europo,   Insisted   that   tho   German
capitalist  class   should   bo   "forced   to
pay tho expenses of thc war thoy had
cent civic election, It. I*. Pettlplece,
and J, R, Wilton, a school trustee in
Point Grey, who is also secretary of
the H. C. .School Trustees Association.
This Is an interesting record for an organization of the size of the Typographical Union, and shows that the
members of it are Interested in the
wider spheres of life.
Present Policy Framed to
Hold Revolution for
the Workers
[By Anna Antonovna]
Federated Press Correspondent)
Moscow—Although Premier Lenin's
speech to the Third Internationa] has
been cabled over ln part, I am sending
this account by mall so that possible
distortions mny be checked up.
Lenln came in, nn almost Insignificant, Btocky little figure in a gray
suit, walking quickly to thc tribune
without paying nny attention to the
delegates who had risen to their feet
and were acclaiming him wildly, He
spread out a few papers, burrowed
among them for a minute or two, blew
his nose while the clamor of the delegates continued, nnd then started to
"I hnve been announced." he began,
"ns iho main speaker on Five Years
of Russian devolution nnd the Prospects of World Resolution. Hut after
my sickness, it is of course Impossible
for me lo be tbe main speaker on that
or any other subject. I will only
speak on tbo new oconomic policy
wliich is, to me, the most important
subject boforo the congress.
"In explaining how wo started It.
why wo started it, nnd whnt tho results have been, I will refer first to an
article of mine written In 1018, in
which I explain* that if wo could
enter Into v. ._. .e of state capitalism,
It would b'.- that much easier to got to
state Socialism, and that state capitalism would bo tm advance over the
stato of affairs then prevailing."
In this article, Lenin recalled, he
had pointed out that there woro fivo
main elements in the Russian situation: (I) Primitivo farming; (2) small
scale production; (3) private capitalism; (-1) state capitalism; <fi) Socialism. Ho came to the conclusion that
State capitalism was thc best method
of pushing forward thc economic development of Russia.
"When I wrote thia article it washy
no moans ns a plan of retreat, and
yet the vague idea of mnking tho IUiq
of retreat secure was even then expressed—a policy Important not only
to Russia, where we arc economically
retarded, but nlso to tho more advanced states. It is not so hard to pro-
pare a programme to get into power,
but to carry out that power after you
get it.
"Aftor our victory Iri lho civil war
In the beginning of 1921, the masses of
peasants aud proletarians in tho big
cities wcro dissatisfied. , They were
Ideologically against US. After the
taking of political power wo did not
preparo the boso of economic power,
but went too far nhend. Tho masses
felt this bofore wo were able to formulate tho truth that wo hnd gone into
lhe transformation too fast and tbnt
our forces woro not sufflclent to sustain us.
"In February, 1021, wo decided thnt
(Continued on page 2)
Organized Workers of Toronto Take Up the
.Toronto—Attempts of the Federal
authorities of the United States to deport Canadian, Bngllsh and Australian subjects under a law passed two
years after they were convicted for
war opinions, promises now to become an international issue. Organized Labor in Ontario has lately
brought to the attention of the Canadian government the cases of three
members of the Industrial Workers of
the World, released from Leavenworth
prison in May, after they had completed five-year sentences.
These men are: Herbert Mahler,
Canadian, born in Chatham, Ont; Jos.
Oates, an Englishman, and William
Moran, from Australia. . Much of
Mahler's life was spent in British Columbia, where he worked with construction gangs on the Grand Trunk
Pacific railroad. Subsequently he performed similar labor in the United
Details of three cases were communicated to Premier Mackenzie King
by James Simpson, secretary-treasurer
of the Ontario section of the Canadian
Labor Party, which has headquarters
here. Simultaneously, the Toronto Independent Labor Party's executive
board called upon the government at
Ottawa to take action 1ft behalf of
The three British-born men are
fighting deportation on the ground
that the law undor which they are ordered banished, violates the United
States Constitution, .which, specifies
that no ex post facto (after the fact)
law shall be passed by tho American
Congress. Mr. Simpson points out to
the premier that the present situation
is filled with danger for alien workers
in the States.
"Legally, and by custom," he writes,
"sojourners of alien nativity and nationality In the United States have
hitherto been held entitled to, and
have been accorded all the rights and
immunities -of citizens there. Except- ■*
ing only those rlghta which are held
peculiar to enfranchised citizenship—
participation in the country's political
affnirs, holding political positions and
employment at work reserved, to citizens."
Thig status, however, has been altered, it appears, by a decision of
Federal Judge George Pnge, of Chicago, upholding the deportation orders
in tho present case. Judge Page ruled
thnt no mntter whnt property rights
an alien may have acquired during
residence in the States, he is there
simply through courtesy, and the American Congress may at any time, pass
any kind of a law to deport him. He
is not protected by constitutional guarantees, which Judge Page decrees are
applicable only to citizens although
ihe United Stutes Constitution nowhere makes such a distinction.
"If those men cnn be deported in
ibis instance," Mr. Simpson Informs
Premier King, "a government policy
will have been inaugurated which
will enable the empoyirig Interests to
visit n similnr fate upon nlien workers whose footsteps the fortunes of
International industry may henceforth
direct to the United Stntes. Onoe
within the confines of that country
(Cuntlnuufl on page 2)
Siberian    Adventure   Was
Due to Wilson's
Tokio—The United .States under
Prosidont Wilson i» blamed for tho
beginning oj the disastrous Siberian
adventure trom which Japan lms now
Ignomihiously withdrawn.
Air American-owned and edited
newspaper, the Japan Advertiser,
makes tho charge In an editorial entitled Vladivostok Russian Again)
"The best than cnn be said or tho
Ilrst two yoars of the Siberian expedition Is thnt Japan wns not the only
blunderer," tho Advertiser asserts.
"The mistaken Initiative was taken by
the United States, although tho nm-
bltlons of Japaneso Imperialists had
been turned toward Siberia months
before Presidont Wilson mnde his
proposal of allied action. But during
those Ilrst Iwo year's Jnpnn wns the
worst arrd most extensive blunderer,
and paid most heavily. The opportunity was thc most tempting over
presonted the Imperialist-militarist
parly and every effort wos made to
exploit It.
"But If there were grounds on which
the ilrst two years of Intervention
might bo Justified (nnd few are so
suro that today as they were In 1.18)
It l_ difficult now, looking bark, to sec
any excuse for tho last two years, Tho
Japanese pooplo wore soon convinced
Hint tire continuation of the adventure
was rr blunder; some for truly liberal
and generous reasons; others because
It was obviously a losing enterprise,
"Hut the liquidation ofthe Imperialists' schemes was a long and illlltcult
process." PAGE TWO
Published every Friday morning by The B. C. Federatlonist
Business Offlce:   1120 Howe Street
Editorial   Office:    Hoom   306—319   Pender   Street   West
Editorial Board:   P. II. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, Georgo Bartley.
Subscription Hate: United States and Foreign, {3.00 per
year; Canada, $2.50 per year, 11.50 for six months; to
Unions subscribing ln a body, 16c per member per
. Unity of labor: The Hopo of the World
FRIDAY December 29,  1922
Dividends and Gold Mines
HAVING FACED unemployment, want and misery
during the last year, workers of British Columbia can take all the pleasure from the information
contained in a news item which appeared in the
local press, whieh announced that the Premier Mine
would pay a million dollars dividend in tho New
*        *        *
It must be delightful, after being thc recipient of
charity, for any worker to realize thc wealth of "our
Province.'' Of course, it would be hard for a worker
receiving a hand-out from the city relief department,
to realize just what a million dollars would look like,
but it is nice to know that there is»that much money
in the Province. It gives us a feeling of satisfaction
to realize that it is here, but really we would be much
more satisfied if we had it. However, we think that
tliis piece of news will give our readers, especially
those out of work, a sense of security, which they
did not possess a week ago.
Tho Premier mine is a gold mine. There are other
metals and minerals secured from this piece of proporty, but we wonder have the workers realized just
what a gold mine they constitute in the mas3. The
Premier mine would be worthless without human
labor. Not only thc human labor actually working
in the mine, but men engaged in the transportation
industry, the fanners and all industrial workers, not
only of Canada, but of the entire world. In other
Words, the workers produced dividends to the extent of a million dollars from a small piece of property for men who in the main, would not recognize
a gold mine if they saw one, and could not work it ift;
they did.
' Labor power, applied to the natural resources, is
the product of all wealth. But the workers starve,
while millions arc paid out in dividends. Those dividends represent the unpaid labor of the workers,
and yet it is a hard task to show them that they must
organize industrially and politically in order to secure in the first place that desiratum—a living wage
—and in thc second place, industrial freedom. Think
of it, fellow workers, men working thc Premier mine,
along with thcir fellows in the transportation and
other industrial and agrarian occupations, made it
possible, after feeding themselves, paying thcir own
board, wcro able to provide a million dollars surplus
for parasites who live on thc labor of others, and
then recognize that they claim they are intelligent
human beings. It is to laugh, if it were not for thc
tragedy of it all. The mine which produces all the
wealtlt. of the world, is the working class, and the
members of that class starve, because they do not
control their own bodies, and Sell their labor-power
to a class which exploits it for its own benefit, and
lives on the fat of thc land.
who control and own it. Particularly has the dis-
tortatibn taken place in working elass news, and
more especially from the sources of capitalistic vituperation against the first workers' republic, Soviet
< A most blatant and impudent example of this has
come to our notice this week. In a local paper, undor a Helsingfors date line, a story appeared pur-
pouting to be a recent extract from the Soviet press.
A Russian scientist, Timiriazeff, is supposed to have
read a paper before thc Russian Communist Party,
denouncing tjie Einstein theory of relativity, also
claiming that it was purely idealistic and not materialistic.
Irrespective of the faet that the workers are getting authentic news from the Russian people, this lie
has been published on more than one occasion, but
so that our readers may not be mislead, we would
call their attention to the fact that the Russian professor referred to in the "news item," died on April
28, 1920. According to the Russian press, not the
Helsingfors type, his last words'were: "I have always been for tho revolution."
With these facts before them, our readers can scan
tho pages of the daily press and gather an estimate
of the veracity of the "news" contained therein.
During the next few years the Labor movement of
this continent will havo to fight for its existence,
and the press will be a willing aid to the employing
elass. J_ie_ and inuendo will be spread as to the actions of the organized workers, as they always have
been, but the propaganda will be even more vicious
in the future than it has been in the past, and consequently the more care will be necessary in reading
the "news" or the Labor movement will suffer.
The workers have nothing to fear from the truth.
Science is in line with thc development of thc working class movement, and while the workers are now
charged with denouncing a new scientific idea, or
formula, past history proves that men who discovered new truths, for truth is only relative, have been
persecuted by the ruling classes of their times, and
as they are today being cast into the dungeons of
capitalism, so they were thrown into the bastilles of
the ruling class of the times in whioh they lived. At
one time, the earth was considered flat; science
proved that this theory was incorrect, but tho men
who so proclaimed were persecuted, but the workers welcome the truth at all times. -Knowledge
is power, and knowledge will, when the
workers are free, be sought for with a
greater degree of energy than ever before in the
world's history. But the ruling class press of today,
and the avenues of education are used to hide the
truth, for its revelations would bring about a downfall of the present ruling class.
Economics and Birth Rate
THERE IS A GREAT CRY for ihore babies. In
other words, the declining birth rate is worrying
the ruling class. France has a birth rate so low that
her politicians are alarmed, and feel that thc country
is going to the dogs. The Vancouver Daily Sun, an
organ of the ruling class for wliich we have on several occasions expressed "our esteem," in an cdi-
Links Which Are Not Missing
in the Evolution of Man
Probably one of the most plauslblefsee a stage of evolution that
objections to the evolution of man Is
the fact that there are "missing links.
Darwin admitted numerous great
chasms separating the groups of fossil
remains, but considering the enormous
depths of the stratified rock by which
these early forms of life are covered,
and the destroying teeth of time, estimated in millions of years, the fact
that only for a couple of generations
has the evolution of life become a recognized principle, how could we expect that the evolution of life from
tho mulluscs, and crustacean of the
Cambrian days of 100,000,000 years
ago to the present, could be secured
without Ureak, and handed to the
"creationist" who, as a rule, Is too
blinded with superstition to be cap-i
able of judging, the evidence whiclfj
Is already supplied?
' Dr. Curry last Thursday, explained
and showed a few of the links which
tn the opinion of his audience, certainly bridged some of the gaps of the
road of Ufe and upward.
The creationist who insists on having some function for his man-made
Divinities to perform, aBks; "How
coutd flsh become uand animals, or
reptiles become birds and mammals,
without a creative hand ln the trans*
.  _t all mammals, even man, has passed 'through,
in our long, painful struggle upward,
where we can now become conscious
factors in further development.
"We have all passed through tho fish,
the amphibian, and the repitile stage,
and some of the primitive tribes "which
for ages worshipped serpents, and
crocodiles, did not realize that this
was a case of "ancestral worship,"
Another interesting link.shown on
Thursday was a "restoration" from
the Archeeopteryx or ancient bird.
This was flrst found in Bavaria, in tho
Jurassic formations where the fossils
of great repitle birds were also
found. These ancient birds have several reptile-like features; they have
long, lizard-like tails, and four toes;
three wing-flngers ending with sharp
claws, and they also developed a good
upper and lower set of sharp teeth,
similar to those of tho reptile family.
An interesting picture was that of a
whale, and a herring. The herring Is
a flsh undoubtedly; a whale looks like
one, but is in reality a mammal. Its
early ancestor left the sea many millions of years ago; it passed through
the amphibian, and reptile stage, and
according to science, it must have
passed through the duckbill and marsupial  stage,   and' then,  apparently,
FRIDAY ..December 29, 1922
— „....___-- Hupjui stage, ana' then, apparently
formation?" and it was interesting to'they became disgusted with condl*
know that thin nrocess i« «nn "«•>■<■•'tions on land, and so went back to the
sea   There he found an abundance of
New Political Moves and the Workers
NEW POLITICAL ALIGNMENTS are not uncommon. New times need new measures and new
men, but the move by members of the old political
parties, who have decided to break their old affiliations and corral the farmers' movement, because of
thc fact that their old leaders have not come up to
their standards, and the fear that the new agrarian
movement will leave thc old parties in the lurch, will
avail the workers nothing.
The coming convention at Vernon cannot solve
the problems t>f the farmers who have found that
their crops have not been disposed of because of the
lack of markets, Markets cannot bc found in political conventions, neither ean the industrial workers
seize the power which must be gained beforc they
can direct society by any gabfest. The proof of thc
pudding is in Hie eating, and capitalism has proven
that it cannot provide the pudding, hence there is no
pudding to cat, as so many idle workers and poverty
stricken farmers must realize beforo the producers
of wealth can gain access to the wealth which thoy
alono create.
The only political movement, which can aid the
producers of agricultural products and other forms
of wealth, will be a movemont whieh realizes that the
present system in unable to feed its slaves. Death
and destruction stalk abroad in every land. The history of working class .suffering is appalling, and it
daily grows worse; not because ol' the idiosyncrasies
of the leaders of the old political parties, but because of the nature of society which at prosont cx-
isls, and can never be brougbt to the point where it
can provide for the necessities of the human family.
The movement which was .started recently in Vancouver for i\u>. bringing of thc workers together on
the political field, has far more promise in it than
any movemont which can spring from any but working class sources. The farmers are linked up by the
present system to the wheels of capitalism, and
ground by the same forces whicli destroy hundreds
of thousands of workers of every type each year, so
that a ruling class may flaunt its wealth before the
•weary eyes of thc workers, and the political amalgamation of thc industrial and agrarian workers with
a class policy, will bring them results while the Vernon convention of political nondescripts, will only
result in a mass of verbiage and nonsensical platitudious bunk. Mr. Nelson, writing in a local paper,
denying that ho has been treacherous to the party
of wTi-ch until recently he has been a member, says,
"that both the old loaders have been caught in a
political back eddy of their own creation, and partly
due to circumstances." The workers have been
caught in a back eddy of economic circumstances,
and only they can get thomsolves out of the vortex.
, our esteem
to'rial, makes the following statement:
The story of national prosperity is written in
two records, vital statistics and library statistics. The whole course of a nation's rise and
fall can be followed in her record of babies born
and books read.
While babies born may show that conditions ai_
such that their parents consider that they may raise
children, the reading of books or newspapers does
not necessarily inidcate prosperity, Libraries such
as provided by Carnegie, do not contain many works
which deal with economic conditions, but the libraries of tho working class do, and the economic conditions of the people can be gauged by the number
of workers who are seeking these avenues of information, so that they can understand why it is that
prosperity, which is supposed to be just around the
corner, does not make any great strides towards the
Under thc present economic conditions whicli face
the workers of all European countries, as well as of
Canada and the United States, marriage is contemplated with fear. That fear is created by the fact that
it is hard for thc single men to obtain work, and
that there are thousands of young women who realize that marriage with poverty is something to be
avoided. Hence the decline in the number of marriages consummated.
Thc reading of works on economics may also havo
something to do with the low birth rates in the countries mentioned, but the main fact is that economic
conditions are such that people refuse to bring children into thc world to starve to death, as so many
thousands aro doing today. They are refusing to
bring children into the world to be used for cannon
fodder, and the birth rate will decline, and continue
to full so long as the present system is in existence;
I'or that system denies the children life to thc full,
and gives to all humanity nothing but misery and
suffering, for. while the ruling class may wallow in
thc troughs of luxury, the members of that class are
not happy, but arc degraded by the lives they live,
and become degenerate and not capable of reproducing anything but monstrous beings whose outlook is
debased and tending to destroy the human race.
know that this process ls still going
on, and ls neither more hor leas mysterious than thousands of nature's
miracles which are unfolding befo/e
our eyes.
"Tho Goggle-cyorl Pcrlophtlinlmus'
This terrific name means walking
flsh. This creature has In his outflt a
lung, and when the streams dry up,
he uses this lung, nnd breathes air
even as we do. These walking flsh
jump along on their front flns, hunt
insects, and climb trees, These inhabit Australia, and adjoining islands,
and it does not require extraordinary
faith to see how even flying flsh have
developed from necessity ln the struggle for existence, or how certain flsh-
llke animals were driven on shore
ages ago, and so became land animals.
Anyone who takes some frog's eggs,
and watches them hatch Into tadpoles,
which are flsh in every sense of the I
word, and then who sees them a little
later losing their tails, and developing
legs, and gradually coming to the surface to breathe air, can see that the
evolution of tho frog from the egg
means the change of the fish Into an
air-breathing animal, capable of living on land,
Besides the walking fish, Australia
Is the home of several other most Interesting links.    The duekmole,  and
marsupials represent transition stages
between the reptile and the mammal.
The reptile lays her eggs, and leaves
them to the mercy of the elements;
the mammal suckles their young, and
they are born forrrred like their parents;  cows, dogs, monkeys and man
are mammals.    The living duekmole
of Australia is larger than the fossil
remains  found  there,   and   ln   other
parts, whtch represented the original
transition stage between reptile and
mammal.    It ls a most remarkable,
animal  ln  every way;   it  is covered
with dense fur, and has web toes; a
bill which looks like a duck's; lt has
the brain of a reptile; it lives mainly
In the water; its eggs like reptile's, boing covered  with  membrane,  hut It
mothers its young;  she sits  on  the
eggs, and suckles hor children from a
milky fluid which saturates the hair,
and is sucked by the baby duekmoles.
It is a complote link between the reptile and mammal, and we are Indebted
to Australia for others as well.
Tlio Rock Wallaby and Kangaroo
These represent a higher stage of
development.   They are called marsu-.
plals, because they carry their young
ln a pouch, and the fossils of these
pre-mammals are found in Australia
and othor parts, in the Jurassic strata,
where we found the monstrous reptiles mentioned last week.   The young
of the marsupial ls hatched from the
ovum inside its mother, but there Is
little  neutratlve or blood connection
between the mother and the embryo,
and when born, the young kangaroo is
nude, and extKemely'fragile and tiny;
the mother places them carefully in
tho pouch, where they are kept warm,
and in touch with their milk supply,
where they remain until they can take
care of themselves.
In tho kangaroos of our park, we
food and freedom, and after ages of
gradual change, he became the great
modern whale, which is today being
boiled into dividends for the "oilo-
cracy" of America.
The subject for next Thursday will
bo "Tho Evidences of Embryology and
Vestigal Organs."
Lenin Explains New
Economic Policy
_ (Continued from Page 1)
International Situation
.   . May Be Created
 (Continued from page 1)
Another Example of the "News"
FROM TIME TO TIMfl Thc Federationist has
pointed out that thc capitalistic press colors the
news to suit its purposes, or the interests of those
Bowser and Oliver are wondering what is going
to happen—now that there is a break in the ranks of
their respective parties. Politicians in the older
countries aro wondering what will happen when the
workers form and control their own political machinery, and start out to clean things up.
A reader has written asking if lhe workers pay
taxes? We have dealt with this subject many times,
arifl possibly may do so agaiiij but the fact remains
that you cannot take the broeks off: an hieland man,
and if the worker sells his labor-power, at its market
value, which is thc cost of subsistence, and the cost
of subsistence covers clothes, food and shelter, and
he has to "pay" taxes on his houso or rent to the
landlord, he is only handing over to thoso whom he
payS thc cost of his food, clothing and shelter. Iu
fact, the workers do not pay anything when it comes
down to brass tacks, but they sell their labor-power
to the owners of tho earth and starve to death when
there is no market for thcir only commodity, labor-,
those men would be forced to submit
to industrial conditions that might
outrage every manly feeling and to endure patiently and silently under pain
of expulsion, Jtanks of alien workers
would be thinned out soithoroughly ln
the sifting process that only the weak-
spirited and weak-willed would remain,
"I havo no desire to hide the fact|
that these defendants ure membors of
the Industrial Workers, of the World,
an organization known ns extremely
militant, and extromely objectionable
to those responsible for the conditions
which mado necessary such an
ganization. But the fact cannot be
regarded as sufflclent reason for allowing a Canadian to be depoterd
from the Unitod States.
"Citizons of the British Empire,
while resident in foreign countries, are
supposedly entitled to all the protection with countries, with which the
Imperial government nnd the governments of the several dominions can
surround thom. It has been the proud
boast of Britons that tho persons and
rights of British subjects are inviolable in any country in the world. j
"Your experience in tho Unitod
States in connection with the Rockefeller Foundation, gave you excellent
opportunity to study at first-hand tho
conditions undor which many men
work in coal and mineral mines, and
I think you will bo freo to admit that
some of these conditions havo Justified
tho militancy which Labor organizations have exhibited from time to
Mackenzie King was one of the
principal witnesses at the hearings of
thc Unitod Statos Industrial Relations
Commission in 1915, boing at that
timo director of (he industrial relations department of tho Rockefeller
Foundation. From 1907 to 1911 ho
was Canada's ministor of Labor. He
wns elected to parliament on tho
ticket of tho Liboral Party, which
consistently fought conscription during tho war.
the new economic policy should be
instituted and applied.    Now after
year and a half we must ask ourselves
whether we have gained what we set
otu to do.   We have succeeded."
In proof of the success of the new
economic policy, Lenin cited the Russian ruble. It had expanded into fantastic figures, with more than a quadrillion in circulation, but in spite of
this they had succeeded ln stabilizing
the ruble for threo months in 1921,
and In 1922 they had increased that
to fivo months.
"Consider further," he continued,
"that up until last week when Vladivostok was taken, wo have boen ln a
state of civil war, and then compare
our reconstruction period with conditions existing in capitalistic countries.
They are bound together. We are
standing alone. But they cannot get
themselves out of the muddle of Versailles.
On top of tho dissatisfaction of the
peasants In 1921 came the famine, the
greatest   economic   mlsfortuno   that
could havo befallen.    But in spito of
that we have been able to collect over
100,000,00^ 'poods in food taxes without   force;     The   peasant   rebellions
have disappeared.       Thero are still
small grievances against the machinery of state, but on Jhe whole the peasant masses are completely satisfied."
Lenin pointed out that industry had I
developed a great deal during the past
year, and that the conditions under
which the workers wero living in Petrograd and Moscow hud greatly Improved,     Tho   heavy   industrios   aro
worso off,  but  every effort Js being
made to raise their productivity, and
trade activities have provided the government with  20,000,000  gold rubles
for the rehabilitation of heavy industry.   So far foreign concessions have
amountod  to   very   little;   tho  great j
need of the day, he said, was economy, i The  budget and apparatus of
state   were   being   cut   down   everywhere. **'
"Our state  capitalism  is different
from the general conception, however, ,
because In the first placo the proletar-1
ian state ls the owner of all the load,
a fact not generally understood, and
owns and controls all the big Industries, only the smaller ones are rented
out.   In carrying out our commorcial
life we have organized mixed companies of workers and capitalists,
"Our greatest tusk Is to educate
ourselves. In Russia we must first
learn to read and write. You from
other nations can go further, but you,
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and Closes at 6 p.m.
Clearance Sale
Women's Outer Garments and
Millinery provides an exceptional opportunity to all who
desire to make selection at the
most economical cost
too, will have to learn. We do not
want the resolutions passed by this
congress to be ikons, to be knelt before and accepted without understanding. We want them to bo life forces
ln the life of the Communist Party
and of the Communist International,
If we Russians go on learning, and
If the western Communists learn Uie
methods of stmiggle and organization,
the essentials of the economic and political life of their countries, and the
possibilities of development for revolution, then the prospects for world revolution are excellent,"
Seattle.—Three employees of nonunion theatres were arrested recently
charged with throwing stink bombs In
union houses.
End-of-Year Sale
Now On
Suits, Coats, Dresses,
Skirts at tremendous
Famous ^JEr
To Wearer
Near Granville
Drugless Healing
A Prompt Answer Improves Everybody'
Telephone Service
SOMETIMES when you make a telo-
phono cull, you do not get (ho numbers promptly. When you tell the operator, sho .says, "I will ring thom nguln."
Finally when you get tho pnrty ivntited,
do yuu feci that tho operator has not
given yuu prompt servico, or do you realizo tlmt the portion you callod may not
have aus-wrcd the tolephono at oncof
It will holp to provido prompt servico
for all if ovory subscriber will answer
the telephone as soon as tho boll rings.
Cigar Store
Ring up Phone Seymonr 2854
for appointment
Dr. W. .J. Curry
Sull_>   301   Dominion   Building
1160 Ou-fta Strwt
_„___-*' ••"•"•. tl n.m. and 7:80 p.m.
Ii. I'. Harrison S, A, I'orrr
Mount Pleasant
Undertaking Co.,Ltd.
Ambulance Service
232 KINGSWAY, Vancouver
Phone Fairmont 0B
Bo suro to notify the post ofllce :
soon aa you chango your address.
•nd Non-alcoholic wince of all
Two Thousand Club
417 PENDl'B SI. W.     Then. Bey. HM
«2000 BE1EFIT CLUB (Incorporated
under tho Societies Act of B. 0.), 16.00
entrance fee, $1 en death of a member,
and $1 a year. Age limit 60. Only a
limited number can join. Send for par-
Healers to: 2000 Club, 417 Fender St.
W., Vancouver, B. 0.    Phone Sey. 2186.
Downie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bldg,
„ Phones:
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
70 you whose good will and friendship
have helped to make this year a successful one for us, I send you cordial apprecia* -
tion and heartiest good wishes for
A Happy Prosperous
New Year
During the month of December and January all examination-! will bu
And to Introduce tho new treatment all prices will be reduced
Noto Address:
Cor. Itlcliarris and Hastings
51 Hastings W.
H»w  yoa   protected   yoarml? m_ _n„r ,___,,,
yoar ftmlly against
tb. "RAINY DAT." - —?    - m** -*-<**<*> &a_'-lTa'la-
Wo StfRONQLY REOOMWiND ion 1       _
at ono of onr Olty Branch. •<.      '      ° "*" ""* >n account AT ONOE,
OordoTa and Abbott !__•_ _>'_ii'_'j."-a*'- ■•J*?*«»»._Kum,
WHERE TOU WILL MOJ wii PBOMPT ami «nm "" *"****'
Union Bank of Canada
P.S.—If you aro IM_f lo L eommjnl.. . . "■*»»«*** C*
J""°'■*-•"'"' - "ffi ^■^*^lS^L^-^_S^_i:
1 llDAY December 29, 19-2
pouetbenth tbar. no. 47   BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. &
[Have you done your duty
>y your teeth this year?
The Alleged Business Revival
See me this week. Start the New Year
right as regards your teeth.
There is no better dental work done
than my Expression work. It will
more than satisfy you in appearance—
in comfort—in cost.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Phone Sey. 3331 ,    Oor. Seymour
DB BRETT ANDERSON, formerly member of the Faculty of tho College
of Dentistry, University of Southern Oaliforlna, Lecturer on Oroirn and
I Bridgework, Demonstrator in Platework and Operative Dentistry, Looal and
| Oeneral Anaesthesia.
Vancouver Unions
I Council—Preeldent, R. H. Neelande,
I.L.A.; general secretary, Percy R. Ben-
X__Z (sBee: BOB, 818 Ponder St. W.
Lone Sey. M»5. Meets In Labor Hall at
Tp m. on tho Brat and third Tuesdays
\ month.  -—-
j ell—Meeta aeoond Monday in tno
Ion _.    Preeldent, J. R. White i  secre-
R. H. Neelands, P. 0. Box »«,
f Meet, second Thursday every  month,
ll. Pender St. W.   P_-.td._.t. J. Brig*
fceollj Snanclal secretary, H. A. Borneo,
J-B-9 Burns St. .	
ITtlonal Onion of America—Local "».
Vancouver, B.C., meeta second and fourth
fruesdays In eaoh month in Room 818. »«
1'ender Streot West. President, 0. E,
Herrett, 11 Hustings St. E. Seoretary,
\ R. Janl, 820 Oamble St. Shop phone,
ley. 2702. Residence phono, Doug.gmK^
r Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and
Helpers of America, Local 194—Haitian
Irst and third Mondays ln eseh month,
president, P. Willis; seoretary, A. Fraeer.
DIDce: Roem 808—819 Pendor St. W.
Ifflee hours. 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 5 p.m.
■need brieklayera or mason, for boiler
J-rks, etc., or marblo setters, phona
Bricklayers' Unlen, Labor Temple.
J penters and Joiners, Local 462—Proal-
lent, Wm. Dunn; recording ••"•'•JJ'
fe no? Snell i buslnesi agont, Oeo- H. HardJ-
■Scot Room 304, 819 Ponder St. W.
Meets sscond and fonrth Mondays, B pm.,
hoom 5. 819 Ponder St. W. .
/ flrst snd third Fridays in each month,
[at 148 Oordova St.   W.    President,   i.
bite, 8405   Pender St. E.i   Seire'ary-
nasn-er, Oeo. Harrison, 1335 Woodland
Jrlve. .	
dov_    St.    W.—Educational   meetings
•very Snnday evening, 8 o'clock.    Bustles* meetiwts every Wednesday ovoninji.
■V P. Pettipiece, chairman; E. H. Morn-
, seo--tre_B.
J. Bennett,'corresponding
Prosidcnt,   M.   McDonald,   He.  1 Firo-
Jksll;   Socrotary.   0.   A.   Watfun, No. 8
[Union, Local 28-411 Borm.ur Street.
loots flrat and third Wednesday at 2.80
Sjn Socond nnd fonrth Wodnwdeys at
E.80 p.m. Exocutive board mil Is every
hesday at 8 p.m. Prosidcnt W. Colmar.
Inslnoes agent, A. Graham.   Phono Sey.
*U™iO_i Ofr OANADA-An Indus-
h-lal union ol all workors In log-
[in_ and construction csmps. Cosst Dls-
Clet .ted Oeneral Headquarters, 81 Cor-
lova Bt W., Vancouvor. B. 0. Phono Bey.
858. J. M- Clarke, cenoral l-0I0lar£
.reasuror; legal advisers. Messrs. Biro.
lacdonald - Co, Vancouver, B. Ci andl-
"a,  Messrs.   B_ltar A   Chiene.  Vaneon-
or, B^O ,	
A0HINI8T8 LOOAL 692-P»sIdent,
Ed. Dawsoni aooretary, R. Hirst tail-
en agent, P. R. Bongongh. Olllce; 809,
1» Pender St. W. Meets In Room 8
19 Ponder St. W., on second and fonrtn
lesday In month.  ,	
—       ~  183—President,
J.   0.   Keefe;
iongongh.   Offlce:
Leo George; socrotary,
agent, P. R. Be
Ponder St. W,
aslness agent, P. R.
hot, 819
tfeets In Room
18,819 Ponder St. W. on Ilrst and third
jhnladaye in month.	
rotors and Paporbangers of America,
.ocal 138, Vancouver-Meet. 2nd and
ith Thursdays al 148 Cordova St. W.
'bone Sey. B491.   Business agont, R. —
.J^k Builders! Local No. 2404—Meets
MSS* Hall. 819 Pendor St. W.. every
Labol,,,, Pr|dt7 at 8 p.m. Jas. Tbomp-
,nd and \kM Secretary.	
■JJlPSSrf*™ Si. W„ P. 0. Box 571.
136 CoraoS!,^ Mootings every Men-
Ihono Sey. jMiiockedny, Buslnoee Agont.
■DERATEILlriy PlVomoi and Oiler.*
I B. C.-Fomjjft   ooiumbla-Mootlnj
■nlon    of    Briat d lhw Fr|day of
Jghtl, "'•'J»?|dJ|nrdovaW. Preeldent,
Fach month at 318 OL,, nt B Morgan;
k. Thom; vleo-proX- iJoni|-,0„. "Ad-
■ocrotnry-trensurer,   Wi,   —    Vancouver,
frees, 313 Oordova S»L_\y, aVarcisW,
|).0. Victoria Branch flB vietorla. B.C.
ftrancl^oWphneon___&»—;_- V\l AND
T Operating Englnoors, Locs\ ' a01
lory Thursday at 8 p-,P" "_,.
libor Tomplo. 8ccrotary-TreV>nr»r' '
icon, 058 Hornby St. Phono ftoff- \m
Recording Soorotsry, W. Chand'4?r'
poll Avo., North Vancouver.
at 10 ;1S i.m. aai 7.
Hoover, 2*109 Clnrke V
eUry, P. E, Griffln,   \
st; troaaurer, 4, F.     ■
Street and electric rail
Employeea, Pioneer DWUlon,  No.
,-Meeta K. P. Hall, 8th and K_ng»'
hBt md Srd Mondaya at 10:15 a.m. and
>m. President, P. A.
Drive; recording*socri'
447—6th Avonuo East,       -
I Andrew j    flnancial-secrotary   and   boil-
|ne>a agent, W.  H.  Cottrell, 4B08 Dum-
Ifrlei Street; offlce, eorner Prior and Main
ISts.    Phone Fair. 8604R.
k America, Local No. 178—Meeting! held
mm Monday In each month, 8 p.m.  Pros*
JSent, A. B. Qatenby; Tloe*p»ildent, Mri.
Dolk; recording aeeretary, 0. McDonald,
■p. 0. Box 503;    financial   aeoretary. P.
iMcNelih, P. 0. box 508.	
Soviet BttBflla, Vancouver branch, meeta
first and  third   Bundayx each month,  2
>.m., at 61 Cordova St. W.   For Informa-
ion write to branch secretary, 8.T.A.8.R.,
glCordoya Bt. Vf.,_ Vancouvor, B. 0.	
President, Wm. Skinner; vlce-prealdent,
Tucker; aeoretary treasurer, R. H.
Neelands. P. 0. Box 68. Meeti Ust
Sunday of each mnnthjUJMKm.
No. 887—Preaident J. J. Bogg, vice-
prealdont, R- J- Stewart; secretary-tri-aa-
urer, L. 0. Gilbert, P. 0, Box 476, Na«
salmo, B. C.
London—Threats of a strike In the
coal mining industry were made by
Frank Hodges, secretary Miners Fed'
oration of Great Britain, after Premier Bonar Law had declared at a
hearing that lhe government could do
nothing to keep the miners from starving at their present wages.
Since the lockout of 1921 the miners have lost approximately $700,
00«,000 a year through the slash in
wages. The average dally wage for
Great Britain of coal miners Is now
|2.09. Before the lockout It had been
Wages in Lancashire, Cheshire and
Durham in the north of England are
below the average. Northumberland
pays the exact average wage. Scotland, South Walea and the eastern
division pay more. The highest wage
($4.81 a day) is paid in South Wales.
Where Is your Union button?
"A Oood Placo to Eat"
123 Hastings St, 10. Phono Sey. 3962
mil (i-'invlllo St. Phono Soy. 6M»
3260 Main St. Phono Fair. 1683
830 Granville St.     Phono Sey. 866
Turkeys, Geese, Ducks,
Chicken, at competitive
Also a fine selection of
the choicest Beef, Pork,
Lamb and Veal.
161 lb.
fri?m 10c lb.
from 8c lb.
[By Leland Olds]
(Federated Press Industrial Editor)
Business is not yet ready to signal
full steam ahead. The captains of industry do not find the situation completely to their liking. As a result,
the leaser business men lack the confidence which may initiate a rapid revival of Industrial activity.
A8 early as the first months of 1921
ecenomic prophets were predicting the
beginning of business revival by late
spring or early summer. One of them
B. C. Forbes, however, on March 19,
1921, let the cat out the bag.
He said: "The business decks have
not yet been thoroughly cleared for
action. In the highest flnanclal and
Industrial circles vigorous recovery ls
not desired until wages have been
brought down in all Industries, on the
railroads and In other walks of life."
Deflation of the railroad workers
was a longer task than had been anticipated. The powers that be have
one more stubborn problem of deflation—the mine workers.
Thomas W. Lamont, of the firm of
J. P. Morgan & Co., addressing the
annual convention of the American
Bankers Association, said: "Yet despite clearing skies and fair weather,
we have not yet cause for unbounded
confidence." Speaking of the hurdles
ahead, he said: "Certainly our Labor
troubles form one, and a„big one at
that, even though the worst may now
Beem to be over."
Banking circles seem to feel that
the present scale of activity may carry
over' into the spring, but that business men should not commit' them-
selveg much beyond that. This well-
defined feeling brings the limits of
confidence suspiciously near March
31 next, when the present wage contract with the United Mine Workers
There is another factor ln the situ'
ation which big business considers a
handicap—the restriction on Immigration. This restriction begins to be
clearly felt In industries which employ large numbers of common laborers.
The present tentative business and
industrial activity has given the steel
corporation, and others a foretaste of
the quickness with which wages respond to slight increases In the demand
for workers as a result of this curtailment of supply. If this condition remains unchanged they see wages rising so rapidly with the return of prosperity as to make labor a sharer in
the increased wealth. But that prospective outpouring of wealth has already been capitalized. Sound finance,
therefore, requires delay until a cheap
supply of labor can be secured.
With these observations in mind it
is safe to observe the figures which
show a distinct increase in business
and Industrial activity.
The steel industry Ib an important
Industrial barometer. During the last
few weeks it has been reported operating as high as 85 por cent, of capacity in contrast with a general average
of 50 per cent, a year ago. Produc^
tion of pig iron during tho month of
November was at the rate of 94,990
tons per day. At this rate annual
production would amount to 35,550,
000 tons, which compares with 16,
505,000 tons actually produced in
1921, and wilh 36,490,000 tons in 192P,
But the oillefal organ of the Pennsylvania Bankers Association points out
lhat smaller business is well within
the range of possibilities, stating that
somo of the independents are eating
rapidly into their accumulated orders.
Locomotive plants are oporating at
about 75 per cent, capacity. Car ordors will probably total nearly 160,000
for the year, which Is far from the
1916 level.
The following table showing gains
registered In September of this year
over the same month last year, contnins measures of industrial activity:
Car loadings  10-12% increase.
Car loadings  10-12 inc.
Employment (N. Y.)       13% Inc.
Bk  clearings   (114  cities) '   12% inc.
Postal receipts ....;      12% lnc
Tho purchasing' power of the industrial worker ls improving as the result
of increased employment and some
important wage increases.
Trado reports show that the liveliest
purchasing is being done in the industrial centres of the East and West.
But, in spite of large crops and an
appreciable Increaso In the price of
' 'farm products, the great agricultural
population ls still unable to make its
buying power felt for revival. It Is
swamped in Increased rents and farm
mortgages which resulted from the
last businesB cycle. The farmer is
still heavily ln debt. In general, both
wholesalers and retailers are buying
cautiously and manufacturers have
not sufficient orders in sight.
Business has turned the corner Into
a new cycle. It will move slowly until many adjustments are complete.
The employers will attempt to prevent rising wages by importation of
cheap labor and by defeating the
mine workers' organization,.
New Economic Policy Calls
for Some Drastic
Moscow.—Wages and working conditions have come to the front again
ln the All-Russian Miners' union
under the new economic policy of the
government. Formerly administration of the mines by the union waa
its principal concern. Although the
mining Industry includes relatively
few enterprises leased to foreign capitalists, th'e transition to a commercial administration of the works conditioned an alteration of the labor
union tasks.
Of the 25 union -board members,
13 are working in the central, eight
In the Don basin, two in Siberia, and
one each in Ural and Caucasus regions. Departments exist for organization, economic work, workers' protection, and for statistics.
Of the 334,000 members, of the
union, 144,000 work In the Don
basin, 76,000 in the central basin,
40,000 in the Ural district, and 30,000
each in Caucasus and in Siberia.
At the first congress of the Red
International of Labor Unions an international propaganda committee of
the miners was founded.
Local Branch of Friends of
Soviet Russia to Aid
As previously announced, the
Friends of Soviet Russia are holding
a sale of Russian handicraft work,
wooden ware, toys, etc., at 303% Pender Street West, Saturday next, Dec,
30.    Sale opens at 10 a.m.
Evory ono who Is interested In the
rehabilitation of Soviet Russia should
not miss this opportunity of seeing and
purchasing somo of the articles. These
articles have been made by the Russian workers, und peasants. The proceeds will go towards the establishing and maintenance of orphans'
homes, rendered ncceaaary as a result
of the famine.
The local branch has pledged Itself
to maintain fifty orphan children,
which means a minimum of $150 per
month. Como and bring your friends.
Refreshments served.
Detroit.—After a prolonged hearing
ln which the company spared no expense to prove that tho members of
the working class in general were
overpaid at this time, a board of arbitration agreod upon by both sides
refused to reduce the wages of its
1000 interurban motormen and conductors and ordered an increase of 6
cents an hour for operators of one-
man city cars in outlying towns.
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
Lumber Workers to Hold Mass Meeting
Arrangements are being mado for'
boidlug a mass moeting of lumber
workers in tho L. W. I. IJ. Hall, Ol"
Cci'tluVa Street West. Th<j meeting
will bo hold on Sunday, De-.*. SI, at
r;,"0 p.m. Tho subjects _o 'ie discussed will bo tlio present condition of
tho Lumber Workors. As soon as tho
speaker has concluded his address,
tho meoting will be thrown open for a
goneral discussion on tho above subjoct, and it Is hoped that anyone employed in the lumber Industry, who
has anything to say on this subject,
and desires to say It, will be prosent.
There is no quostion more vital and
pressing to tho camp worker, or for
that matter, to any group of workers,
than tho conditions they are forced to
livo and work under. This question is
daily becoming more acute In tho lumbor industry, as tho masters are losing no timo In taking advantago of tho
workers' Htato of disorganization,
Hard fought for advantages are being
lost, and dlHorderly retreat ls tho order of the day. Every effort must be
put forward to stop this retreat, and
to turn defeat Into victory. .
In all othor unions on this continent, the retreat of tho workers has
beon halted; intennivo organization
and consolidation of forr.es aro taking
place, and thn forces of Labor aro once
moro assuming tho offensive. This
changed front, whieh Is taking place
In olher unions, and among othor
groupH of workors. must alHo lie mado
to tako place umong the Lumber
Workers. Thoy, too, must consolidate
their forcos and assumo tho offensive.
Organizod capita] ln Canada must
be mado to fool tho powor of the down
trodden workors in hor "great basic
industry"—lumbering.    But this can
'only be clone by a uniting of forces,
by a conscious, Hystematic arranging
and grouping of thc foiTes of Labor,
wilh definite plans and policies for
carrying on the strugglo. Tho day for
Individual and sectional effort Is long
past; lho day for the powerful united
effort of tho workers, Is here.
All Lumbor Workors who are Inter-
tsted in their material welfare, or in
questions affecting themselves, as woll
as those who muy have ideas and proposals to put forward are asked to attond tho above mooting, and put forward their outlook on tho subjoct, in
ordor that somo doflnito conclusion
for a united effort can bo arrived at.
All members of tho union are requested to tako note of the fact that
the annual convention of tho L. W. I,
U. will bo held next weok, commencing Jan. 3, at 10 a.m. All membors in
town, or who cnn got Into town, aro
exported to attend, and tako part In
legislating the rulos which will govern
them for tho ensuing yoar, nnd to put
forward their suggestions and ideas
on all matters, affecting tho union.
Don't leavo It to Goorge, and then
kick liecaiiHo George did not give satisfaction.
The convention of tho Coast Branch
of tho Lumber Workors' Industrial
Union of Canada will bo hold in tho
Loggers' Hull, 01 Cordova Streot W.,
Vancouver, B. C, January 3, 1923, at
10 a.m. Tho convention will bo a
masfl gathering of all mombers and
dolegates from camps.
On behalf of tho Coast Branch Exocutive,
J. M. CLARKE, Sec,
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federationist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed fs accepted by the management.]
An Interested Reader
Editor B. C. FederationiBt: As a
reader of The Federatlonist for a
number of years, I was Interested ln
the report of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council for Dec. 8th, In
which an organizer addressed the
egates. The last three lines of the
report stated the speaker was well-
versed in the working class movement
and the delegates realized he "had a
groat deal more under his hat than
he gave out."
This Is the curse of the Labor movement keeping one's thoughts under
their hat. How many militants of the
rank and flle have aided those with a
knowledge of the working class movement to pelf and power, and who.
when elected to maintain their jobs
and not to incur the wrath of reactionary officialdom, "keep their knowledge under their hats," and when occasion arises, uses their "knowledge"
to suit officialdom against the best interests of the working class. All one
requires to prove this Is to watch these
with a "knowledge" at Trade congresses as the writer has done. The
day has come when those occupying
paid Jobs have to be the real spokesmen of the workers, no matter the
outcome or who is offended. Let the
workers have the benefit of the knowledge of the struggle for existence,
and they will learn. The rank and
file are being played for suckers, and
especially In this city of Toronto, by
organizers who are dead from the
neck up, and by so-called reds, who
have arisen to paid Jobs, and wlib instead of using their knowledge for the
benefit of tho rank and flle, develop
into humbugs and utilize their energy
combatting the militant rank and flle.
We want men who will tell the truth
152 Chlsholm Avenue, Toronto,
November 17th.
Protests Against Killing: of
Irish Republicans by
[By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
New York—Tho execution of innocent men by the Irish Freo State in
reprisal for murdors committed by
Irish Republicans has not as yet provoked any of tho righteous condemnation by English or American newspapers which a few short years ago
devoted uncounted columns of excoriation to the "German frightfulness"
which threatened just such reprisals
as tho Irish government has visited
upon its own citizens. But lho slaughter by the Irish government of Irishmen who helped "free" Ireland has
caused both the Irish consul and his
temporary successor lu^ro to resign
thoir posts ln protest.
Immediately after tho execution of
Erskine Childers and other Irish Republicans, Joseph Connolly, Irish consul goneral here, resigned and sailed
at once for Dublin to enter IUb protest in person before thc Dail Elroann.
Most of the New York newspapers ignored tho resignation. One of them
announced that Daniel J. McGrath,
whom it callod vice consul, would continue the affairs of the' consulate.
Tho Federated Press has learned
that SlcGrath, who was not vice consul, but Irish .trade commissioner, has
cabled his resignation to Dublin, to
take effect Immediately. He, like Connolly, refused to continue longer as
representative of a government which
held prisoners ns hostages and shot
and hung thom for thc crimes of
Tho Irish Free Stato, according to
Connolly, now has only one representative in the United States. Ho ls
Prof. T. A. Smlddy, now in Washington. ,
Efforts to learn who is in chargo of
tho Irish consulato were unavailing.
McGrath was guarded in his reference to tho executions which brought
about his resignation.
"Somo of the men who wero executed I havo known personally," ho said,
"und I could not agree with the government's policy of roprlsals."
South African Communists
Restricted by the
Capo Town, South Africa—Communists havo been forbidden to hold
their open air meetings at the usual
corner ut Addorloy Street, becauso of
the allogocl dangor that tho stores
might be looted after somo violent
"It notj infrequently happens," tho
polico ofliciul sftid, "that tho spceche.'-
aro of-HUch a nature as to Verge on
sedition, ahd might at any moment
create a riot, and when ono remembers that Die favorite meeting place
1H at the foot, of Adderiey Street, where
thero nro many Important and costly
buildings with plate gln.su fronted
shops, and goods of enormous value
exposed to view, ono ean Imagine what
the result of such a riot would meun
to the inhabitants."
In court lho polico stated that lhe
meetinga were always orderly. Tlie
only time Addorloy Street shops were
broken into was at the timo of the
anti-German riots during the war.
One dollar and fifty cents ls the cost
for a six months' subscription to The
Come and Look at this
for $55
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B. C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a, range of excellent appearanee, good weight, and fine finish,
fitted with six cooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6x_._%-inch oven. Th<_ range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $25.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying, and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
Hudson's Bay Company.
At the Orpheum
A romance _ dating back to their
school days, when they attended the
same classes in Bridgeport, Conn., resulted in the marriage of Charles
O'Donnell and Eethel Blair, supreme
stage funsters, who next week are
treating Orpheum audiences to a unique but strenuous form of original
humor. The ceremony was performed
eleven years ago.
Adding still more interest to their
matrimonial alliance and proving that
kiddles sometimes formulate plans
which are carried out faithfully In
their later careers, tho two aerform-
ei'a declare they planned joint stage
careers at the samo timo they discussed their marriage.
To execute their plans, Miss Blair
devoted herself to singing, dancing
and piano, while young O'Donnell
practiced long hours in the school
gymnasium to flt himself for the work
of an acrobat.
Being the elder, he worked with
another partner, a man, ln a straight
acrobatic act until Miss Blair had concluded her course of study. To provo
her self-reliance, tho young woman
teamed first with another girl, and
offered a song, danco and music act,
which was readily accepted by the audiences.
When both had proved their individual merits as performers, they organized their present partnership, and
heard the words spoken over their
heads which endure until death doth
In the present act, Miss Blair gives
only a brief bit of her golden voice
for the audience's favor. Hor songs
are Interrupted by tho eccentric
O'Donnell, who chokes them off with
a heavy clasp about her throat, as he
ejectg her from tho stage. This Is
dono to givo amplo opportunity for
the style of grotesque acrobatic work
which now ls identified with him.
four Nights ml Thnt M-tl_«i
And Oompur ot 12 Amttiun Acton.
Give a little encouragement to our
Evory Mon.. Wod. and Sat Ev.___n  '
804 HOBNEY ST. Opt. OMIt Honn
Kindling Freo
1__0 ORANVILLE 807, 5210
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Ratea Reaeonablg
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
: V
fourteenth year, no. 47 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY December 10,
Greatest Sweater
Offer of the Season
Medium weight woolen Sweater,
with roll neck in grey only; all
sizes.   Beg. $3.50.        <M  QC
Now only...
Keg. $4. Guaranteed all-wool, medium weight, all colors and sizes.
Selling special at <fcO QC
A heavy worsted Jersey, assuring
warmth and long wear, flJO QC
at onlv *
In brown, green, navy, khaki and maroon—these woollen Coats
are a regular $7.50 value in thc real heavy knit &A flK
rib.  Special at	
The ideal popular grey flannel Wool Work Shirt, finished
with lay-down collar and pocket; <C1  QC
$3 value, at i _ » L "*°
All pure soft super-selected
wool; famous "Rameses" of
Wolseleys'; a reg. $1 value,
selling, per gg^
45-49 Hastings St., East
Mail Orders Sent Express Prepaid Upon Receipt of Price
, Quoted.  Satisfaction Assured
U.  S.  Government   Calls
Attention to Mexican
Land Plans
Saturday Half-holiday Established in Commercial
Groveinnd, Cal.—One of the gunmen planted at the Hetch-Ketchy Irrigation project by Black Jack Jerome, San Francisco recruiter or
strikebreaking guards, has met his
death at the wrong end of a gun; and
the result is renewed persecution of
the I. W. "W. The dead man was shot
during an argument with an unknown
striker, who has since disappeared.
San Francisco city officials in charge
if the Irrigation plant now announce
that the slaying was part of an "I
W. W." conspiracy," and are preparing to search for suspects by raids
on the strikers' headquarters.
Washington—A movement to combat Ku Kluxism, with a membership
of 1,000,000 men as its goal, was
launched at a meeting of Ganzaga
College here, when Charles W. Darr,
attorney, denounced the klan because
of its "veiled and insidious purposes."
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, FIorjMb Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Haatings Streot Eaat        2—STORES—2        65S Granvillo Street
Sey. -88.672 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 9513-1291
THE first requisite nf this market
is freshness and purity.
It caters for those who insist on a
high standard of living. The best
fed arc the healthiest and happiest—
notably so when high prices are entirely eliminated.
This important feature has always
been a cardinal principle with this
Our customers live better for less
money than those who buy elsewhere.
Give it a tryout.
Huge Estate Holders Are
Penalizing the
[By F. W. Leighton]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Puebla, Mexico—Absentee holders
of Mexican estates will appreciate
learning of the Associated Press dispatch dated Washington, Dec. 2, which
was printed in Excelsior, leading conservative daily of this city. The dispatch read: "The state department issued today a warning to American
holders of property in the consular
district of Acapulco, Mexico, to take
steps immediately to protect their
lands from a possiblo enforced distribution under the agrarian laws of
Mexico and the State of Guerrero,
The statement said that the American consul there has not been able to
locate the owners or to ascertain
whether they are represented by
agents. The statement ndde the suggestion that "a great deal of misunderstanding and resultant legal and
diplomatic proceedings could be avoi
ded" if American property holders
would furnish information regarding
the present status of their holdings
in the Acapulco diserict."
Those who are not able to take advantage in time of this offer of Mr.
Hughes to "interfere" ln their behalf
before repartition proceedings get un
der way and the people living on the
ground are allowed to cultivate the
apparently ide property, might follow
the example of American Consul W,
O. Jenkins, of kidnapping notoriety,
for many years stationed at Puebla
(capital of the rich agricultural State
of that name) and one of its "influential citizens."
Jenkins, who is owner of a local
bank, the Cia. Commercial de Puebla,
recently boasted as follows: "There
are two places in this capital, the old
and the new. The old belongs to the
governor, the new is the Cia. Com
mercial de Puebla." Some of the
methods used by Jenkins and the
othor landlords who are on the job
may be illustrated in several concrete
The flrat village in the State of Puebla to petition for the return of Its
tribal landB after the creation of agrarian legislation was that of San Miguel
Xoxtla, situated on the hacienda of
the same name, owned by Jenkins.
Tho latter declared six years ago, "No
governor of this State will sign the repartition papers for Xoxtla."
Four state governors have come
and gone, and Btill there has bcen no
division of this property. But Jenkins Is more adroit than to depend entirely on continued "pull," for he has
suggested to the workors living on his
estate that if the government gives
them the land, the title will not be a
valid one, whereas if they buy the land
from him, they will always be secure
in their possession. So at present the
Hacienda de San Miguel Xoxtla is nominally "sold." But the terms of
these contracts reveal why many people bank on a counter revolution in
Mexico. The land nearest the farm
buildings Is sold on Installments said
to cover a period of 20 years, while
that farther away can be paid for in
eight years. The agreement provides
that if the peasant misses a payment,
the owner has the1 right for the payments that may have already been
made. Apart from the outrageous
character of these contracts In themselves, the procedure is objected to by
the more enlightened peasants and
agrarian leaders because it converts
the basically communial mind of the
Indian into that of the petty bourgeois, and thereby paves the way for the
reconcontration of property, because
in the long run only large scale production Is profitable in this part of
Mexico and the land must be exploited either communally or on the landlord system.
In Auguat, 1921, for the sum of
$703,000, Jenkins purchased a huge
estate named the Hacienda de Aten-
cingo In tho sugar country near the
border of the State of Morelos. On
thia property, which Js said to contain over 40,000 acres, is a small community named Lagunillas, the inhabitants of which even before the revolution, had their own houses and worked not as peon debtors, but as free
workera. This community, howevor
never hnd the legal status of a "pue
b!o," but that of a "rnncheria." Therefore, when petitioning tho state agrarian commission for a grant of several hectaras for cultivation, it also
petitioned the State Legislature to
change ita legal status.
Meanwhile Jenkins, flouting the fact
that these peoplo had lived on the
aame ground for hundreds of years
with titles dating back to colonial
dayB, began an attompt to collect rent
for the petty 20, acres on which the
villago houses stand. In October of
thfs year when tho State Legislature
granted the request of tho people, Jenkins immediately went to court and
got an injunction against the Legis-
laturo and the governor of tho State,
and another injunction against the national agrarian commission and President Obregon to prevent the carrying out of the agrarian law.
Thla procedure often .delays for
mnny months the return of their rights
to the people. The latest event j,fi this
drama is that the prosident of the
Lagimlllft executive 'committee, who
by law is the personal representative
of the preaident of the republic, whilo
a villago is petitioning for its land,
and who In this ense was n man dearly
loved by all tho surrounding inhabitants, waa stabbed to death ono night
last week na he waa leaving ^is houae
Although tho assassin escaped in the
dark, local officials are convinced thnt
It: wns the land owner's thug that did
tho Job.
Tho secret of thia struggle, like thnt
of bo mnny similar onea going on in
Mexico todny, Js' not that Jenkins
would miss the few hectaras which
this and threo other villages aro
claiming from this estate, but that the
Spend Thirteen Millions in
Twenty Months Part
of Story
The flght of the members in the
book and job section of the International Typographical Union for the
establishment ,of the Saturday half-
holiday, has boen a remarkable test
of endurance. Arrayed against thom
have been not only their former employera, but the Manufacturers Associations on both sides of the national
Never before were union men supported in a fight as have been the
striking printers in this contest. The
allowance for single mon is $17 per
week, and for married men, $22 per
week and, as everyone Is aware, strike
benefits do not represent all tho expenditure necessary in a strike ot the
magnitude of the 44-hour week dispute.
Since May, 1921, some thirteen million dollars have been expended on
thfs account alone. This amount was
raised by voluntary assessment of
members working—flrst at the rate
of ten per cent, of earnings, which
with the gradual reduction of the
strike roll, has been reduced to five
per cent. Over 10,000 printers have
at one i,Ime or another appeared on
tlie strike roils, which today show
less than 6000 drawing benefits.
Canada a Storm Centre
Contrary to the experience in the
struggle for the eight-hour day . in
1906, Eastern Canada has proven to
be a real storm centre. At the present time it Is calculated that one in
twenty of the members south of the
line are affected, while In Canada, four
out of every eleven union printers are
on strike.
For the first twelve months of the
strike, out of eight-and-a-half millions expended in benefits, over two
millions were spent in Canada. For
the same period, slightly over $500,000
was collected in special assessments in
the Dominion, so that benefits paid
were over four time the amount received for that purpose from the Canadian membership. The exponents
of national,as opposed to international
unionism, will take cold comfort from
these figures.
The chief cause, perhapa, it might
even be said, the real reason for the
present continuance of strike conditions may be charged to the extrnordi
nary slump in business, which in Can
ada is even more marked than in tlw<
States. Given any approach to normal conditions, the present roll would
fade to negligible proportions. The
situation today is that the Saturday
half-holiday, with the eight-hour clay,
has been established in spite of tremendous odds in the Job printing industry.
It is interesting to note in the newspaper section, 156 scales now provide
for less than the 48-hour woek, and
this number is steadily increasing.
Extension to Printers' Home
While still carrying an expenditure,
on strike account, of $500,000 per
month, the executive councU of the
International Typographical Union is
able to announce that a start is being
made on an extension to the Union
Printers' Home at Colorado Springs,
to coat $125,000 as an initial outlay.
This will enable the Institution to take
care of a class of cases of disability
hitherto unprovided for.
The Home, during the last fiscal
year, provided for an average of 206
resident members per month, at a
cost of $903.41 per member per year,
or $5.28 per member per month.
Still another valued feature of the
work of the International Typographical Union is the Old Age Pension
scheme, through which the pensioners
receive the sum of $8 per week when
unable from disability to work. At
the end of Inst year, 1869 members
were in receipt of pensions, representing about 2.7 per cent, of the
total membership of the International
Pension and Mortuary Provisions
Recognition of responsibility, however, docs not ceaae with even old-
age pensions, for tho International
Typograhplcai Union has in operation
a mortuary scheme providing varying
benefits from $75 for one year's membership, up to $500 for membership of
15 yoars and over. This fund alono
pnid benefits in tho last fiscal yoar of
$345,000, being an average of $421.40
on 818 deaths in tho organization.
Tho union also provides a correspondence course In the art of printing
at nominal coat, in which 3000 apprentices are enrolled and receiving
The union printer is very naturally
proud of his organization. It has contributed to the prolongation of life,
by shortening tho work-day. It has
saved life by thc maintenance of a
"Home" with all modern equipment,
which is a model institution of its
kind on the American continont.
It has mado life endurable for its
aged members, and has lightened the
burden of the widow. It has raised
the atandard of living of its membors
and it may be Justly claimed that all
of its efforts aro translatable into
terms of bettor citizenship and social
Says the Government Is of
the People for
the People
Paris—In a message to the Moscow
Isvestia on the fifth anniversary of the
Russian republic, Anatole Franco says:
"Five years ago the Soviet republic
was born poor, but unconquerable,
and brought with it a new spirit, menacing for all oppressive and unjust
governments. If there are still lovers
of justice in Europe, let them salute
with respect the fifth anniversary of
the revolution which, after many centuries, introduces to the world the
flrst attempt at a state government by
the people for the people. Born in
hardship, and nourished by famine
and war, the Soviet has sown a seed
which, under a favorable destiny, will
spread throughout Russia, and one
day it will perhaps bear fruit throughout Europe."
State and Federal Political
Action Is Now
Cleveland—drawing up a progressive platform and providing for effective organization by States, but refusing to take steps toward a third party,
the second national conference for
Progressiva Political Action came to a
closo here.
The storm that had arisen the flrst
day c^er the question of seating delegates from the Workers' Party of America, who had been ignored by the
credentials committee, ended with the
adoption of the committeo report, refusing to seat them on the ground
that the .party was not ln harmony
with the conference policy.
R. D. Cramer, representing Minneapolis Trades and Labor Assembly,
and Den'nie Batt, representing the Detroit Federation of Labor, took the
floor to enquire into the manner in
which tho credeii <als had boen sidetracked and to testify that in Minneapolis at least the Workers Party had
made every effort to educate Labor
forces to act in harmony and not for
The conference decided to hold annual sessions of delegates from Labor
nnd Farmer and Co-operative bodies
while a national executive committee
of 21 was instructed to call Stale conferences ns soon as possible to form
permanent State organizations.
Tho aim of the conference was stated to bo for the purpose of obtaining
(he nomination of president, vice-pre-
_Jdent, United States senators, representatives of congress and State and
local public officials pledged to the interests of the producing classes and
to the principles of genuine democracy in agriculture, Industry and government
The committee report on a platform
was amended In sevoral respects before adoption by the conference. The
principal planks are: Operation of
railroads for the people, public control
of water power, nationalization of coal
mines, direct election of preaident and
vice-president, protection of civil liberties and organized labor, soldiers'
bonus through excess profits taxes,
Norris-Sinclair bill for organization of
a $600,000,000 corporation which shall
buy the produce of farms and sell
farm products direct to consumers,
that congress end the practice of the
Hor ley, England—English civilians
and learning in a mild way what it
means to be gassed. This Surrey village has been under a cloud of mustard nnd tear gns, Tt Is caused by removals from a dump of hundreds of
thousands of gas shells awaiting demolition. Some aro being takon awny
to lie destroyed and overy load that
passes leaves a trail of poison gns.
People llo awake nt night with burning skins und aching eyes, and a tightness of the throat which causes fits of
Indians, onco grantod their lands,
would demand roal wagea for their
labor on olher people's landa.
We wish you and yours
—health, happiness and
prosperity for 1923 and
the years to follow.
All Suits
Our best navy blue or
tweed Suit only costs
you $35.55 now, and we
have them as low as
$22.50 for blues, and
$14.95 for tweeds. ■
Overcoats range from
$33.55 for the best,
down., to $16.80 —and
they are all good.
Corner Homer and Hastings
Greater Health
Greater Happiness
Greater Freedom
207 Hastings St. W. Phone Seymour 2098
courts pronouncing laws unconstitutional, increased tax rates on large incomes and inheritances, minimum
standards of employment for women,
equality for women and men, state
action to insure maximum benefits of
federal maternity and infancy acts,
amnesty for all war prisoners.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
St. Louis—Joseph O'Doherty, one-
the founders of the Irish voluntc1
in 1913, and Peter Golden, a cousin,
the MacSwiney sfstera, denounced
execution of Erskine Childers, at
prodicted the fall qf the Free SU!
before the republicans, at the first,
a series of meetings of the Friends'
Irish Freedom and associated orga,
stations here. ' 1
12 Quarts
for $1
DUCERS' ASSOCIATION is out to increase the consumption of milk in Vancou-  ■
ver and vicinity.
To do so, we have taken a leaf out of the
books of merchants in other lines—we have
reduced the price—and are watching the
volume of our business grow.
The public of Vancouver and vicinity now
consume but one-third of the supply we can
put on the market. It is possible for us to
take care of this surplus in other products,
but it is to our advantage, with markets as
they are at present, to endeavor to increase
the consumption of whole milk.
Milk at 12 quarts for the dollar means much
to every Vancouver citizen.  It means the
possibility of sscuring at low cost one of the / jpj
most healthful food products known in t_ie£^'
world—of giving the children more freely "
of a food which contains every element ti iej-
need—of providing for the increased u§fe 0f
milk in every home. /
We have the milk—y)e want to sell^t as milk
—hence our offer of 12 quartg/for $100
These Are tk* Facts-
Vancouver will have rj milk _ucm_ to none in price, service
and quality throughout the whole Dominion of Canada.
Fraser Valley
Milk Producers'


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