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British Columbia Federationist Nov 3, 1922

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Array INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH-
Official Organ Vancouver Trades aflifl Labor Council (International)
POLITICAL ONITY: ■ VICTORY
FOURTEENTH YEAR. No. 39
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B.C FRIDAY MINING, NOVEMBER 3, 1922
$2.50 PER YEAR
I
THE RUHR
VALLEY
Momentous Events Arc
Scheduled for Early
Announcement
French   Steel   Interests
Fear German
Competition
[By Paul Hanna]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Washington—Three events of
; momentous importance are scheduled for early announcement, in
Europe. In the order of their probable disclosure these events are:
Formal and official bankruptcy of
the German government.
Seizure of the Ruhr valley coal
district by France and subsequent
exploitation of that and other German resources by a combination of
French and German capital, engineered by Hugo Stlnnes.
Agreement by Great Britain to
this French triumph in return for
French support of the British
againBt Turkey, for the recovery of
. British concessions and prestige in
the Near East.
Two raw products are vital to
the independence of French industry, and both of them she will acquire under the present program.
These products are a supply of
coal that will produce good coke
and petroleum. French coal, even
that lately seized In the Saare valley, does not make good coke. As
a result of the war, France ranks
next after the United States in steel
-making resources (excepting coal)
•nd her dominance In that respect
will be complete ln Europe when
■he acquires the Ruhr district.
To free herself, from the British
and American oil monopolies,
France must turn to Russin, and
the straight road to Russia lies
through Germany.
Great Britain has labored desperately to keep France from winning this economic Independence,
ThiB fear of France has made England the friend of Germany in
every crisis when France made a
move to seize "guarantees" along
the Rhine. But the British tcono-
mlc empire ls itself in peril today
from the Turkish renaissance, and
what France wants the BrltlBh
must concede, for the time being.
Thc likelihood of a French collapse at home is, not entirely averted by these diplomatic triumphs.
To carry out the development of
German resources will require time,
and meanwhile the ■ unbalanced
French budget hangs like a millstone about the necks of Paris politicians. Only by pretending that
Germany would pay tho full reparations bill has the French government been able to borrow from its
own people the huge sums required
•very month t0 keep it afloat.
"Therefore," says Die Rote
Fahne, "Poincare ls manoeuvring
to get France's war debt cancelled
In order to have a free hand for
perfecting this huge industrial
amalgamation," In a translation
from the samo paper, made by the
Living Age, we read further:
"The French government Is forced to bring pressure npon Germany that seems likely to dereat
her plan for the Industrial control
of Europe. French iron and steel
makers fear, not without reason,
that" their German associates, with
their superior technical ability.
may gain the upper hand in such
an organization. . . , Thnt Is
their truo motive in advocating a
customs barrier that will cut off the
Ruhr district from the rest of Germany. . . Germany, deprived of
her West Germnn industries, would
be a business ally that France
would no longer fear. Stlnnes
teems to have bcen won over to this
plan, upon assurance that he be
guaranteed a good profit from It."
Current dispatches from Berlin
suggest that the Social Democrats
may be asked to form a mlnlstfy in
Germany's darkest hour, and hold
the bag from which the amalgamated French and German financiers
Intend to pluck fresh wealth for
themselves.
CIS 10 BE
Trials \&\ Commence in
Red l%\ \ Courthouse
ok    }\. 8th
Preparation * Have Been
Made fo^-lood of
Propaganda
[By McAlister Coleman]
(Federated Press Corerspondent)
Marlon, HI.—The eyes of the nation are beginning to focus on the
little red brick court house where
the trial of the Herrin mine war
cases will begin Nov. 8, before Circuit Judge DeWitt T. Hartwell of
Williamson County. Forty-eight
union miners wilt .then face the
court on a murder charge.
The court house is packed tight
Into the municipal square, .and Is
overshadowed by two big bank
buildings on two sides, and more
than matched ln size by the principal hotel on a third. Reservation
of rooms in the hotel has commenced, and space will soon be at a
premium.
Preparations have been begun
by the wire services to take care of
the reporters, correspondents and
feature writers for the capitalist
press, who will come here ready to
give to the world once more the
version of the Herrin affair oa teen
through alien eyes.
As a matter of fact, it is doubtful if any member of the staff of a
large city paper can come down to
Marion with a clear understanding
of the causes back of the fighting
at Herrin last June. That would
require an Intimate knowledge of
the American Labor movement; of
the problema whtch every day confront the coal diggers, of the history and traditions that prevail in
this southern part of Illinois, of
how it feels ttt be hungry and watch
some other man come In with a
gun to tnke your job; of the wnys
of American gunmen and strikebreakers, of a hundred and One
things beyond the routine of metropolitan reporting.
Nevertheless the telegraph offico
here is being expanded in antfeipa**'
tlon of the flood of words that will
go out over the wires every night
once the trial Is started.
The public ls due for another
dose of anti-unionism, openly financed this time by the Illinois Chamber of Commerce, which Is providing the prosecution with $50,000 to
obtain convictions.
Two months before the opening
of trial the Chicago Herrin committee of the Illinois Chamber of
Commerce wns boasting, in its appeal for the $50,000 fund, that, "Attorney General Brundage already
has a grand jury selected and Is
getting Indictments." He got 434
of them before the jury finally adjourned."
Labor Members Raise Unemployed Question in
Provincial House-Introdt&e an Amendment to  PICKET FIFTH
Speech from Throne-Amendment Defeated 24 to 19    AVENUE
-—r—— ♦ .. ;,.„-?   'if ' ♦ *-——■■	
EVICTED MINERSANOTHER STEP ES
Omaha—The wives of two union
men, Mrs. Catherine M. Johnson
and Mrs. Frank Furness, are candidates for school directors.
Was First in Interest at
Fair Held at
Leipzic
ARE ARRESTED
E
.►(*.
Strikes of Coal Miners
Swell Total Hours
Lost
Ottawa—The time lost In strikes
and lockouts throughout the Dominion during September was
much less than in, August, but
greater than In September of last
year. There were 18 disputes in
existence during September of thts
year, Involving 15,275 employees,
and with a time Iobs of 91,900 days.
For August thero were 24 disputes,
involving 24,006 employees with a
time loss of 437,017. For September, 1921, there were 26 strikes, involving 3948 employees, and with a
time loss of 59,849 days. The big
time loss in August was due chiefly
to the strikes in the coal fields of
Alberta and British Columbia and
In Nova Scotia, Districts Nos. 18
and 26 of the United Mine WorkerB 0f America. The greatest time
loss In Soptembcr was in the prlnt-
Inp and publlshlnp trades, whero
lt amounted to 44,175 days,
,1
Tool Drive Closed
Tho local branch of the Friends
of Soviet Russia, has announced
that the tool drlvo ls now closed,
and requests all those having subscription sheets to turn them In to „ „
the secrotary at the earliest possi- behind the fbrces of "laivandor-
We moment. _*.,,.,, 'der.'"
Members of I. W. W. Are
Given Long Goal
Terms
[By Jack Haynes]
(Federated Pross Correspondent)
Portland, Ore.—A total of nearly
500 arrests of I.'W. W. have been
made in Portland during the past
few weeks. Many have been sentenced to long jail terms, and the
sentences suspended providing the
culprits would leave town und«r
police guard, A few took advantage of this generosity on the part
of tho municipal judge, but at a
regular business meeting of the I.
W. W. held in jail, it was decided
that all wobblies should serve their
terms rather than be deported.
The I. W. ,W. hall at 109 Second
Streot, open to everybody for 18
months, has been closod by tho police. Many men were released
from Jail and then walked to the
hall and were rearrested,
The ostensible cause for the raids
is the waterfront strike called by
tho Marine Transport Workers (
W. W. Union No. 510). During
tho longshoremen's striko this
spring (A. F. of L. Union) no arrests wero made for acts of violence. In the present strike, the
A. F. of L. longshoremen and the
Grain Handlers Union (A. F. of L.)
allied themselves with the wobblies,
but havo not been molested, The
strike Is admittedly effective. Thc
men arrested can be held 30 days
without a chargo boing placed
against them, and sentenced to ten
days In jail or fined $10 without
recourse. The police pretend thoy
are preventing violence, but of all
the men arrested, only one was
found to be carrying a weapon.
Another cause for the arrests is
declared to be political. The Ku
Klux Klan is trying t0 elect a governor. Thore Is much bitterness
between thjS- ktypsmen and the Ca-
tholicB andv Wealthy Jews, but all
three unite faghtlng Labor. Tho
authorities adirilt that the I. W. W.
are not advocating sabotage. The
Portland police havo thrown hundreds of thqso men into jail with
the knowledge that tho imprisoned
are guilty of no crime. The newspapers have stopped requesting the
mnyor to clean up the bootleggers
and brothels, and the klan and antl-
klan forcos are standing four square
Possibilities of Trade with
Russia Strongly
Emphasized
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(European Dir. Federated Pross)
Lelpslc, Germany—There was
one exhibit at the Lelpslc fair,
which attracted more than usual
attention, that was tht exhibit of
Russia,
Thus'far, the only other countries besides Germany that have
carried regular ,, exhibits- at the
Lelpslc fair are Switzerland, Cze
cho-Slovakia and Austria. Russia
is the flrst state not directly bordering upon Germany which singles out the Leipslc fair to show
its wares to a world of buyers.
The Russian exhibit was in threo
parts—a collection of toys in one of
the downtown fair places, an exhibit of Russian handicraft and people's artcraft ln the Grassl museum, and a showing of Bussian
raw materials—flax, furs, hides,
etc.—on the outskirts of Leipsic, at
the technical fair.
The toys were typically Russian,
and of a nature that would
appeal to prospective German buyers rather by their oddity than because of any advantage they would
offer over the celebrated German
toys.
In the handicraft exhibition, one
saw wonderful precious stones polished and cut by Russian artisans;
and delicate laces wrought by women's hands, and artistic figures of
carved wood, and knitted gowns
and dresses and sweaters, and objects of art in hammered iron.
Most of these things; however, were
not things that had been made
since the revolution—they were
left-overs from Czarist days.
"We are exhibiting these merely
for advertising purposes," explain'
ed the young woman in attendance.
"We want to show the buyers what
the possibilities of trade with Russia are."
The exhibit of raw materials was
one from which any buyer might
select with the certainty that quick
delivery would be made. There
Were ermines and fox furs and
skunks and sables—a collection
that might make any furrier envious. Flax of every quality and description was on display, which called forth visions of delicate linens.
There was great Interest manifested In the Russian exhibit. I
strolled into it at various times to
see what response was elicited, and
always I found an interested, numerous public at hand looking at
the display or asking Interested
questions. The whole affair was in
charge of the Russian Central Cooperative, assisted by the trade division of the Russian embassy at
Berlin.
VICTORIA, B. C., Nov. 2.—If thei)Aiitieiaps.aat Victoria had
any idea that the unemployed question was to be passed
over, they received a rude shock on jWednesday, when R. H.
Neelands, member for Soirth Vancouver, and Sam Guthrie, mem-
bef for Newcastle, raised this que&ion in the House. While
reference was made in the Speech from the Throne to the fact
that the Governor-General of Canada and his wife had bcen well
received in B. C, there was no reference to the position of the
unemployed useful people, and in no uncertain terras the labor
members made it known that the idle poor should have some
consideration. The resolution, introduced as an amendment
to the speech from the throne by R. H. Neelands, and seconded
by S. Guthrie was, however, defeatety the government supporters and a so-called independent, Thomas Menzies, member for
Comox, lining up against the workers, representatives, while the
Conservatives, for political reasons,: jpined hands with the
movers of the amendment.. Tlie following is the text of the
amendment moved by R. H. Neelands: '
'condition of trade, men are out of
work, and even when trade Is good,
the pressure of modern.industry Is
so great, that It necessitates that
the young and virile, the strong and
able hjave the preference, while the
middU-aged are thrown out of
worki |
Respiring'to the apeech from the
throiM, he said:
Weiare asked to give a vote of
thankfc for the speech from the
throne, What have the unemployed to be thankful for in the speech
whtcb his been submitted to the
House ? They have been Ignored
and overlooked as if they did not
exult. It Is not sufficient to content
ourselves by saying that conditions
are Hot as bad as they were. As
long as any man, woman or child
is denied the'right to live comfortably on account of the failure of
industry, lt Is the duty of all governments to give the subject attention.
If even a dumb animal were
founiby the wayside in distress, no
right-thinking person would pass it
by, but would rather come to its
assistance. That being so, is It not
regrettable that the government appears to be so utterly indifferent to
the plight of the victim's unemployment? I would urge the adoption of my amendment.
Guthrie Supports
Sam Guthrie, member for Newcastle, In supporting the amendment,, stated that the speech from
the throne referred to General
Bytnj, and hla reception In tho
Province, but the unemployed soldier who had fought aB hard as
General Byng, was Ignored. He
scored the Liberals;' who claimed
to be the friends of Labor, but ignored the unemployed. He pointed
out. that the department of Labor
statistics Indicated an Increase In
the cumber of unemployed, and insisted that something should be
done for those who were idle, because of the lack of opportunity to
make a living.
Uphill Helps
Tom Uphill, member for Fernie,
(Continued on page 4)
"That     we     humbly     de- '
'sire to express our regret that
your honor has not been advised
to refer to the widespread misery,
duo  to  largo  numbers  of  the
working elass being unablo to
And employment, and to direct
this    Legislature    to    legislate
promptly and effectively In the
interests of the unemployed."
Speaking In support of his motion, R. H. Neelands stated: That
the question of unemployment was
of such importance that he would
he unfaithful to a large number of
those out of work lf he did not Insist on this question receiving due
consideration by any government
in power.   Not only were the workers affected by unemployment, hut
the wives, children and dependents
of the workers were affected.
Affects Those Unemployed
He stated that there were a large
number  out  of employment,   net
because of any fault of their own,
but because the present system denies them the opportunity of earning a living.   He also pointed out
that not only those out of work
were affected, but that the workers
who were employed were affected,
and that all the horrors of sweating,   low wages and  death  from
starvation were attributable to the
unemployed army, and those who
were only casually employed, as the
workers who are employed are fettered by the thought that outside
there are thousands who would be
ready to step in their places should
they be dismissed for attempting to
improve thoir condition; and so that
In dealing with this question of the
unemployed, we are dealing with
the whole Industrial system  and
those who oppose the limitation of
hours of labor by act of parliament
should at leaat aid in providing for
the absorption of the unemployed.
Continuing, he stated: It is not
right for this House to stand coldly
by waiting for the return of good
trade, while men, women and children are without tho necessities of
life.    I am anxious that the government take this question Into serious    consideration, . because    In
overy season of the year, and every
JOINT KM
IN
Deal with Eight-hour Day
and Other Economic
Questions
ENGINEERS ARE
R. H. Neelands and S.
Guthrie Discuss Provincial Problems
Last Sunday night's meeting of
tho Federated Labor Party, held
in their hall at 148 Cordova Street
West, was fairly well attended, the
speakers boing Sam Outhrle, 11. L.
A. Ladysmlth, and IX. H. Neelands,
M. L. A. South Vancouver, with
Comrado Pottlploco ln the chair.
Both speakers reported as to
their trip over tho. P. G. E., and
expressed themselves as being of
tlio opinion that there was not sufficient business along tho line of
railroad to enablo it to function
successfully under this "sorry
scheme of things" Industrially.
Comrade Outhrle spoke on the
explosion at No, _ Cumberland,
and said that he intended to discuss the matter in the House during the session,
Comrade Neelands again urged
greater support for the Labor members in the Houso during tho session, and gave a resume of tho activities of tho employing Interests
represented there, who never overlooked any opportunities of securing legislation to further consolidated tho interests of thoir class.
Mrs. Mahon sang two solos during the meeting, which wero heartily appreciated by the audience.
Comrade Tom Richardson will
bo tho sneaker noxt Sunday night,
on tho subjoct, "A Rovlow of the
British Political. Situation," ln
which ho will explain tho political
standing of the different elements.
Meeting commonccs at 8 p.m.
Eleven   Applicants   for
Membership at Last
Meeting
The regular mecling of Local 844
of the Steam and Operating Engineers, held on Thursday, Oct 26,
was the best since 1919. The members turned out In force, and 11
enginoers made application for
membership.
Considerable dlscusBion took
place over the Northern Construe:
tion Company being awarded the
contract for tho preliminary work
on the -Second Narrows Bridge, it
being pointed out that this firm
had always bcen unfair to labor,
and tho action of the Trades Council in cnlling for this contract being submitted to the electors In the
coming civic eloction, was endorsed.
While the most of the timo of
the meeting was taken up by the
discussion of local topics, a vote
was taken on tho nominees who
aro aspiring to hold offico In the
International.
IP. PETTIPIECE
10
F. L. P.   Selects   Candidates  for  Civic
Elections
The Federated Labor Party, at Its
meeting held on Wednonday evening, idecided that Alderman R. P.
Pettlplece should again bo a candl-
datejfor tho City Council, while
Dr. w. J. Downle will bo a candl-
dale'ffor the School Board.
Otf Saturday evening, a social
will be held In the party headquarters at 148 Cordova Street West,
and all members of the party are
asked to attend.
On Sunday, November 12, Mrs.
J. 8, Woodsworth and E. Trotter
will bc the speakers at the propaganda meeting. Tom Hiehardson
will be the speaker on Sunday, the
nth.';
Workers Are Opposed to
Compulsory Conciliation
of Disputes
[By Paul Hoyer]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
"Brussels, Belgium — In most
branches of Belgian industry there
are now In existence Joint industrial councils made up of an equal
number of representatives of the
workers and of the employers. They
have no standing in law, but tn
business practice they exist and
their decisions are often accepted,
by both parties.
The movement started in 1919,
when at the suggestion of the then
Belgian minister of Labor, the Socialist Wauters, Joint industries
committees were appointed to deal
with trade disputes in tho metal
industry.
The chairman and secretary are
usually either sociologists or else
government officials who act as advisers. The workers' representatives are appointed by the trade
unions, and can be recalled by them
at any time.
There are two principal functions
of these committees. The first is
to discuss and decide upon economic policies of a general character.
Such problems as the eight-hour
day, overtime work, minimum
wages, fixing of prices, and the
rules of apprenticeship come within thetr scope,
Secondly, these joint industrial
councils act as conciliation boards
in the settlement of trade disputes.
The conciliation proceedings are
arranged differently for the different districts and industries, varying with local customs and necessities.
The executives of the metal workers union and of the miners have
started courses of lectures to give
the workers "an intimate knowledge, of agreements concluded by
the joint committeos, and thoir interpretation ln thc interests of the
workers."
The workers contend that these
councils can not become fully effective until a law is passed which
compels the employers to recognize
workers' share ln the control of
industry and which would prevent
the employers from sabotaging collective agreements. Thc Belgian
Federation of Labor is Ann, however, in insisting that conciliation
should under no'clrcumstances become compulsory.
Parade   Before   Marble
Halls and Cold Eyes
of Rich
Detroit—Higher pay than lhe
union demands, caRh bonuses and
stock In the company, aro some of
the Inducements which printing
shops, struck last November by Hip
Typographical Union, are now offering to old employees to securo
their return to work.
Montreal—Three new shops have
bcen organized in this city by the
United Cloth Hot and Cap Makers.
Where Is tho Union Button?
San Jose, Ca!.--"aive mo 30 days
Judge; I'm old and weak and I can't
get work. I've hardly eaten for a
month." ThlB plea from H. Peters,
67, earned him a month of food
and shelter at the county Jail, after
which he will be turned looso again
at the mercy of civilization.
t-a-a-a'a-a-e-a-a'-tr-a-a-t
HELP YOUR OWN PAPER
■THE B. C. FEDERATIONIBT is endeavoring to serve
■* the workers by giving working-class news and views
publicity. That it is appreciated by many trades unionist?
is shown by the number of local unions which have recently subscribed in a body, and by other methods endeavored to assist the paper in its work,
If you are interested in the working-class movement,
why not endeavor to have your local, if it does not already
do so, subscribe in a body. If you are not a member of a
union and are not in a position where you can join one,
you can help the spreading of working-class propaganda
by securing a new subscriber. Every new reader is another worker brought into touch with the working-class
movement.
Every interested worker can find some way in which he
oan be of service. PATRONIZE OUB ADVERTISERS
is a slogan whioh men and women oan both adopt, and
when patronizing them just inform them that you do so
because they patronise the B. 0. Federationist, and by this
means give us a chance to secure sufficient revenue to increase the sise and usefulness ef the paper.
Membership   Has   Now
Reached Over Four
Million
(By tho Federated Press)
New York—Membership in tho
British Labor Party at the end of
1921 was nearly 12 times what ll
was lu 1900-1901, having grown
from a total of 375,931 at the beginning of the century to 4,010,361
at tbe close of last year. These
aro the figures as compiled by the
National Industrial conference
board—an employer;*.' organization,
which has been muking studies for
its members of tbe Labor movement here and abroad.
Thc figures Include the membership of the Co-operativo and Women's Labor Louguo affiliations of
the Labor Party, as well as the nfll-
litttcd trade unions and Socialist
societies. Tho million mark was
first passed in 1907. In 1915 the
2,000,000 mark wns reached. In
1918 thc pnrty hnd 3,013,125 members; in 1919, 3,611,120, and in
1920, 4,359.807. Last year the
number decreased to 4,010,361.
In 1918 tho Labor Party's total
representation in parliament was
61, and Mny 31, 1922, this number
had Increased to 73. in the by-
elections sinco 1918 tbo Lnbor vote,
as compared to tho figures at tho
general election, Increased from
241,742 to 498,670. At present tho
Labor Party has 74 scats In parliament,
Splendour  and   Idleness
• View the Victims of
Capitalism
[By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
New York—Fifth avenue—Up
per Fifth avenue—the home of
wealth and splendor, of idleness
and fsblon, of marble balls and
marble hearts—haB been having
just a glimpse into ono of their
sources of its opulence.
Upper Fifth avenue, from its
sumptuously draped windows, from
Its high-powered automobiles and
from its cold eyes, for two hours
looked upon two coal miners from
the coal fields of Somerset county,
Penn. Upper Fifth avenue, too,
gazed upon a placard the miners
carried, reading:
JUST LOOKING
At E. J. Berwlnd's House
We, his Evicted Miners '•
Have to Live in Tents
and Chicken Coops
SUBWAY COAL DIGGERS
SIX MONTHS ON STRIKE
E. J. Berwlnd, who lives at the
corner of Fifth avenue and E. 64th
Street, is the president of the Ber
wind-White Coal Co. The miners
who walked back and forth in front
of his palatial home, Joseph Kop
check and Michael Fazeks, have
been in the employ of the Berwlnd-
White Co. for more than ten yenrs,
and never have seen their boss. If
perchance they thought they might
get a glimpse of him entering or
leaving his home, they were disappointed. Berwlnd encountered, at
his downtown offlce, a day or two
bofore, some of the pickets who
were stationed there, and he sput
tered and stalked angrily away.
Both tho downtown pickets and
the miners who picketed the Ber-
wlnd homo Wore their regular
working clothes, with miners cops
and lamps attached. The pickets
in front of the building housing the
Berwind-White offlce have been re
placed, for a time at least, by young
women carrying banners portraying
the treatment and condition of the
evicted miners and their families
In Somerset county.
According to James Mark, vice-
president, District No. 2, U. M. W.
A., in charge of the pickets, the
average earnings at union mines In
the district in 1921 were |14.60 a
week for 31,929 miners, paid on a
tonnage basis. Notwithstanding
these slender earnings, he declared,
the striking miners In the former
non-union fields of Pennsylvania,
would be satisfied Just to get the
present union scale. To avoid
paying union rates and union con
ditions, the big New York corpor
atlons controlling these collerles
have beon waging a six months'
campaign of evictions, assaults and
jaliings.
I
Trades Council Executive
to Meet Non-affiiated
Unions
Unemployed Meeting
A mans meoting of tho unemployed will bo hold on Sundny, nt
i p.m., nt 112 Hastings Streot West.
All unemployed workers nre invited to attend this meoting.
ML DRAG.
Friends of Attorney and
Sheriff Act as
Talesmen
l By M. A. DeFord]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Oakland, Cal.—The trial of tbe
five Communist Laborltes wends Its
weary way. Charges were publicly
made by James II. Dolsen, acting
as attorney for himself and bis fellow defendants, that personal
friends of tho district attorney
and the sheriff, and even mombers
and relatives of members of their
staffs, have been drawn as talesmen, the object being to use up the
defense challenges, and then socure
a Jury acceptable to the prosecution.
Many of theso prospective Jurors,
moreover, have been Irregularly
summoned. Ono mini testified tbnt
ho wns summoned by the steno
grapher In the sheriff's office
whereas a deputy sheriff bad made
affidavit that he had personally
summoned thc man. Dolnen demanded a grand Jury Investigation,
which wns denied; Judge Samuels
remarked thnt it didn't matter if
the Jurors were prejudiced against
the defendants, for they could put
aside tbelr prejudice nnd give tlie
Communists ft fair trial anyaway.
Tho prosecution bas confined Un
challenges to removing women and
poisons who seem too young to be
sufficiently reactionary. Thore is
no need of their challenging nny
talesmen for their Labor ur radical
sympathies, none being In evidence.
A fnir Sample of all three venires is
a recent talesman who staled that
ho was unalterably opposed {o
changing ibo government of tbls
country ln any manner whatever.
In a fe\V moro days tho defendants
will have no challenges left and the
jury will bo completed.
Endeavor Will Be Made to
Remove Any
Objections
Close to a hundred delegates attended the delegate meeting of
trade unions, held at 319 Pender
Street West on Thursday last, to
discuss the bringing about ot
greater unity In the Labor move-,
ment in Vancouver. The meeting
was called to order by W, Bartlett,
vice-president of the Trades and
Labor Council, who called on the
special committee appointed at the
previous meeting to report
The report of the committee waa
as follows:
That an endeavor be made to secure three delegates from all Labor organizations in the city, to a
monthly meeting to discuss any
question appertaining to the welfare of the Labor movement All
organizations to pay |1 per month
towards meeting the necessary ex-
Another recommendation from
the committee was that a chairman
and secretary be elected.
The meeting decided to take up
the report and deal with each proposal separately.
A motion to concur In the first
recommendation of the committee
calling for monthly meetings, start-
cd the debate, and there was considerable opposition to the proposal, those opposing it taking the
stand that it was merely the establishment of another central body,
and'still dividing the workers. It
was also pointed out that the committee was not unanimous on the
report.
After considerable debate, In
which the question of dual unions
was ventilated, and both sides
heard from, the following resolution was Introduced:
"Whereas, the work of eliminating dual unions must bc the work
of time; and
'Whereas, there are many dual
unions in the city of Vancouver,
and
"Whereas, the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council Is thc only logical body with which organized Labor should affiliate, and that the
centralization of, Labor activities
cannot be consummated except
through that body, and with dual
unions In existence, this objective
cannot be achieved; therefore be it
"Resolved, that this meeting elect
a committee of five to bring about
the elimination df the dunV-unlotft
and the absorption of the members
of these unions In the recognized
organizations, and the affiliation of
all eligible labor unions with the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council."
This resolution was defeated, and
tbe following adopted:
'That the executive of the Trades
and Labor Council meet wfth two
delegates from each unaffiliated
union to consider the objections
at present standing In the wny of
their affiliation, and the possibilities of making such changes in the
constitution as to make possible
the elimination of thc objections.
Tho report of the committee was
then flled, nnd it was also decided
that tbo exocutive should meet the
delegates from the unaffiliated
unions on Thursday, Novembor 9,
\ p.m.
Pulldlnjr Permits
Oct. 26 — 101 Hastings East,
Cameron Corset Co., alterations,
$1500.
Oct. 31—471 Pender East, Baptist church, repairs, $500; 1170
Semlln Drive, D. D, McDonald,
dwelling, (1400.
Nov. 1—3459 Albert St.. S. Belcher, $2000; 1891 Barclay, Miss W.
Hutchinson, alterations, $3750;
137 lVnder East, W. J. Prout, offlce, $8500.
Yokohama—Foreign firms are
complaining to tbo polico that a
good deal of counterfeit American
money Is ln circulation In Yokohama. It is thought tho money is
being made In Yokohama.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
Tho Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
Patronize  Fed  Advertisers.
.Sallnn, Kan.—"Tell the world we
aro still on strike and will bc until
tho wo win," said E. K. Nordln,
chairman Federated Shop Crafts'
Htri l.c committeo of Nail in, wbo
was chosen when a former chairman tried to call the strlku off and
stampede tbe strikers back to the
local shops.
J. A. lEff IS
Old-time   Socialist   and
a Friend of Indians
Passes Out
J, A. Telt, of Spenoes Bridge,
well-known to British Columbia
Socialists, died at Merritt, B. C,
on Oct 30. He was a native of tho
Shetland Islands, coming to British
Columbia about 40 years ngo, and
doing considerable pioneer work,
especially nmong the Indians whose
interests he bus been looking nftor
for a number of years.
Ho waa probably the foremost
Indian authority In Canada, nnd
was at one time ethnologist to the
Dominion government for the
Northwest Territories and British
Columbia.
Besides having a wide knowledgo
of the language, characteristics and
traditions of tho Thompson River,
Okanugnn nnd other Indians, be
was one of the very few white men
wbo eould speak the Tlinglt tongue.
He could also speak French, German and Norwegian.
Ho represented tho Indians before the Indian Rights Commission,
was author of numerous works on
ethnology and wns correspondent
tn thc Smithsonian Institute on Indian affairs.
Although his wife and children
It be his greatest mourners, ho
will bo sadly missed by bis great
clrclo of Indian friends, and the
many other fellow men who knew
him well. PAGE TWO
_WB.TI__.NTH YKAR.    NO. ti   BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER, B, C.
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i.«H
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Published every Friday morning by The B. C.
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Business Office:    1129 Howe Street
Editorial Office:    Room 30C, 319 Pender Street West
Editorial Board:    P. R. Bengough, IV II. Neelands,
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Subscription Rates: United States and Foreign, |3.00
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months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per
member per month. '
Unity of Labor:   The Hope of the World
FRIDAY November   3,   lf»22
Soviet Russia and the World's
Workers
NOVEMBER 7,1917, a day which will be rerecorded in letters o'f gold in worki|ig-class
history, will bc celebrated thc world over by
the militant workers on Tuesday. It was the
day on which the Russian proletariat took
common action and moved as a class towards
its objective (political freedom), so that, a new
economic structure of society could bc formed
and the workers obtain full control of the
wealth which they produce.
* *     a
On tile eve of the revolution, Lenin, the man
who has continued at the head of the Soviet
administration since its formation, and is still
holding thc reins of power placed in his hands
by the revolutionary workers of Russia, proved
that he was fitted for the task given him, even
before the Kerensky government was deposed,
when he said, "November 6 will be too early;
wc must have an ail-Russian rising, and on the
6th all the delegates to thc congress will not
have ii itived. On the other hand, November 8
will be too late, thus selecting November 7 as
thc dav i'or the revolt.
* *      *
Those who opposed the efforts of thc Bolsheviki, to bring about thc downfall of the
Kerensky government, like thcir prototypes of
today, in their frenzy used the words of Marx
and Engels as arguments against Trotsky and
Lenin, hut their vaporings did not avail against
thc masterly logic and clearsightedness of the
men who saw that thc time had arrived and did
not flinch from the issue.
* *     e
From that memorable day, thc capitalistic
world has been lined up against thc Workers'
Republic. Every device, military or otherwise,
has bcen used to bring about the defeat of the
Soviet administration; but while empires have
tottered and broken up, and capitalistic statesmen have bcen relegated to the ash heap of
capitalistic oblivion, tho Soviet government,
with Lenin at its head, stands as firm as a rock,
and all the powers on earth have failed to
bring about its downfall.
* *     *
Is there not a lesson in this for thc world's
workers? The Russian proletariat and peasants have, because of thcir unity, maintained
their hold on the country. It was by unity of
purpose that they achieved the first victory and
destroyed thc capitalistic political machine so
necessary before economic reconstruction could
take place, and by that same united purpose,
they are being enabled to bring order out of
chaos. They are reconstructing the economic
structure of thcir country. True it may be,
that they have been compelled to make concessions to thc capitalistic nations. These concessions, however, have not been made becauso
of thcir weakness, but because of the lack of
unity on the part of thc workers in Europe and
throughout the capitalistic countries. On Tuesday next, in every country, militant workers
will in one manner or another celebrate the
Russian proletarian victory and achievements
in bringing about a new economic structure.
Bnt if the celebrations are confined to passing
(•solutions, without plans being made for the
bringing about of unity in the ranks of the
working class thc world over, their celebrations
will bc but mockeries. Thc only thing that
Soviet Russia now asks from those who recognize her efforts, is that thc working class will
aid by a united front thc fulfilment of their
rovolution and freedom from all capitalistic influences, and this can only come from thc
efforts of a united working class which has inscribed on its banners, "Thc World for the
Workers."
Progress and the British Labor
Movement
HUMAN PROGRESS, viewed by thc individual, appears a slow process. Time to
the individual is contained in the lifetime of a
generation, but in spite of thc limitatons of
human observation, thngs do move. Many
people have imagined that thc Labor Movement
in Great Britain is slow. It may be, but not
by any means slower than it is on the North
American Continent. It certainly appears slow
to those who recognize that the misery of the
working clnss is not thc fault of the workers,
but thc result of capitalism. But slowness is,
like everything else, relative, und the present
activities of the workers in thc British gcnral
election shows that in a very short space of
time great strides have been made by thc workers in the old land.
Twenty-two years ago the Labor Party ran
fifteen candidates. In thc present election,
over four hundred candidates are in thc field,
and the ruling class is running to cover. The
split which came about in the ruling class
ranks over the Near East policy of Lloyd
George, and his attitude to tlie working class,
which was not being ruled just as the real
rulers of Great Britain wished, has not been
as wide as was thought might bc thc case by
thc superficial thinker,*tind already the ruling
class has seen the danger of the split in its
ranks and efforts arc being made to patch
up the gaps so that labor may uot secure any
more power.
•    ',-•:#
While there are so-called labor leaders in
the British Isles who arc opposed to revolution,
and imagine that capitalism can be patched up,
one of the beueficiarics of thc present ruling
class, a daughter of George Cadbury of cocoa
fame, has stated that capitalism is the cause of
the whole trouble, ami while thc troglodytes of
the labor movement may not realize it, yet tho
view of the worker is changing and he is also
realizing this great truth. But he is not satisfied with the charity which capitalistic benefi
ciaries, who have seen the light, would hand
out, no matter how much he may respect thc
motive, but he is rapidly recognizing thp_ the
job which must bc acomplished beforc he js
free, is one that he alone can handle, and for
that reason wc join with Lenin in the wish
that the Hendersons and his supporters may
bc elected in the coming'election so that they
may demonstrate the truth in the statement
made by the daughter of a capitalist, that the
trouble is with capitalism, and having had it
demonstrated to them, the workers may undertake the work of abolishing the cause of their
misery. Human progress may be slow, but it is
sure, and thc issue becomes ever clearer in
spite of the confusionists.
Curealls for Trade Depression
and Unemployment
ALL kinds of curealls for trade depression
•*■*■ and hard times have been suggested from
time to time, and the harder the times, the
more fanciful the proposals of those who would
bring about a return of prosperity. Great Britain is suffering from trade depression and laok
of markets, and so the workers are idle and
starving. The cureall in that country is emigration. In other words, get rid of the surplus
unemployed and so bring about a condition
where the authorities will not be bothered with
providing the necessities of life for the jobless
and helpless worker, and also as a means of removing the possibility of the ruling class having the hungry mob take action to relieve their
miseries by taking that which is needed to
maintain life, or dying on the doorstep of their
masters.
* *      •
Canada, however, has another kind of cure
for the depression and unemployment.   Immigration is what we need, says the politician
and his henchmen, the writers of ponderous
articles and editorials in thc daily press on
thing which they do not understand, and much
less desire to give the truth about to the people.
"What Canada needs is people," is now the
cry.  But with farmers unable to Sell thcir products and fruit and other agricultural produce
rotting because it is not profitable to reap the
harvest of their labor, the situation is not such
as to bc very attractive to the immigrant who
might be induced to leave the British Isles, bad
as the conditions are there.   Thc industrial
worker is in a like position.   He cannot sell
his commodity, "labor power.". His product is
a drug on" the market, and yet, dear reader,
"We need people."   In faet, the Vancouver
Sun sums up the situation as follows:
"What Canada needs is a tremendous
Influx of broad-backed, short-legged people
who can get close to the work of digging a
living out of the ground, and who will bc
satisfied with just whatever kind of a living they can dig, until as a result of their
own industry and economy, they climb up
to better things."
* *      *
Glorious prospects for immigrants. But
what a nice kind of people "we" want. Intellect? Oh, no, just plain brawn, a strong back
and a weak head; satisfied with anything,
never complaining, but just digging for a living and to be satisfied with just whatever kind
of a living they can dig. This is a great ideal.
It is something for which to strive, and a great
nation, as represented by the press, takes the
position that what is needed is human oxen, devoid of intelligence, with bovine stupidity, so
that they will be content to live like auimals.
* *      *
But that is not all. Thc Vancouver Sun is a
supporter of the present Dominion Government, and it also says that "thc government is
determined to cause a great influx of settlers
into Canada at any cost." It also suggests that
we have at all times a preponderance of educated people, and makes the following statement: "At least they know too much to go
out and work on farms or at clearing land."
We dp not wonder that the people of this country arc too knowing to go out and clear land,
especially in B. C, where the labor and effort
needed is met with so little reward, but wc
do wonder that the men who toil and sweat on
the farm and in thc factories do not see thc
skin gamo which is perpetrated on them by
the present ruling class, and that the workers
fail to see that any immigration scheme based
on the "ideals" of the Sun will bring those
who arc at present in the country down to the
level of the broad-backed, short-legged variety
of human animals which thc Sun and those it
supports would have to exploit. It is not men
the Sun wishes to have brought to this country,
but thc prototype of thc ancestors of man, the
ape. Fools who imagine that the present members of the human family can be driven to the
point where they havelicithcr intellect nor ambition for better things, should turn their eyes
to Soviet Russia and recognize that even tho
slaves of modem society will turn and strive
to rise higher in thc scale of humnn progress
and find that freedom which capitalism cannot give.
True to tradition, the passengers on an
American ship, which was in danger, played
jazz music, and the old stand-by of those in
peril, "Nearer, My God, to Thee," was relegated to thc scrap heap to whieh capitalism has
sent all the old ideas and concepts of an age in
which canned music and pork and beans did
not exist.
For the benefit of the members of the Provincial House, now in session, we might mention
that the Minimum Wage Board of the Province of Alberta found thnt only onc woman
worker in the City of Calgary could afford to
take out an insurance policy. If they make investigations in thc City of Vancouver they will
find similar conditions, and an investigation
might nssist them in arriving at the conclusion
that the Minimum Wage Act could be well
tightened up.
Trevor Maguire, prominent in Labor circles
in Toronto, was on Tuesday found guilty of
sedition by a jury, with a strong recommendation for mercy. Trevor Maguire is a returned
soldier. He fought for democracy in thc war,
and was awarded tho D. C. M. for his efforts,
but evidently the democracy he fought for was
not the type he wished, and so he joined the
working-class movement aud tried to fight for
it there, but he hns evidently trespassed on the
preserves of the ruling class, and all that can
bo hoped is lhat the judge will give expression
to the mercy suggested by thc jury, or thnt thc
workers throughout the country will demonstrate that they do not soo eye to eye with the
persons rc^poiuiiblo for his arrest.
Forty - seven   Argonaut
Miners Were the
Victims
Capitalist    Press    Was
Choked by By Big
Interests
(By tho Federated rre__)
Sacramento — Forty-seven Argonaut minera at Jaokaon, Cal., starved and thirsted and choken to
death because the company was
more Interested In protecting Its
property during the lire than In
•avlng the lives of its men.
That Is now well understood.
But tho company also tried to
choke the newspaper reporters on
the Job. All the 40 or more capitalist reporters except one agreed
to be choked. That one now tells
his story. Ho worked for the Sacramento Bee.
When reporters began to gather
at the gold mine on the outbreak ot
the tire Aug. 28, they found a private newa censorship worse than
any exercised by the governments
in wartime. Supt. V. 8. Oarbarlnl,
of the Argonaut mine, who has
since lied the town In fear of his
life, tried to suppress publication ot
the. names of entombed rtiners,
photographers were chased : away
and--exposed photographic plates
threatened with confiscation by the
mine officials.
The lid on news was lifted a bit
when State and Federal rescue
orews arrived, but In a week or ao
It Was clamped down again when
interviews with the rescue workers wore prohibited by the mine
officials.
Then the officials of the Kennedy
Mine _ Milling Co., from whose
ground the rescue tunnel to the
Argonaut mine was bored, submitted an agreement to the newapaper
men to he signed on penalty ot being shut off entirely from the news.
All the newspaper men signed, including the Associated Press chief
representative and other news aervice men. The Sacramento Bee
alone among capitalist papers held
out. ]
The Bee held out beoause the
agreement contained two clauses
that made straight news reporting
practically 0ut of the question. The
first was that only such news as
the officials of the Kennedy and
Argonaut mines gave out would be
put on the wires, and that whatever
statement these officials ./gave 'it
would be accepted as reliable with:
out question, and would be used]
"without contradictory statements
from other sources." The seeond
clause was that the reporters would
"keep away from the crews coming
off shift." Another clause stipulated that "no communications between the news gatherers and .mine
officials should be curried on except through Thos. Trebell. Associated Press representative and
spokesman for the newspaper
men."
The autocratic actions of the Argonaut owners have continued
since the revelations, principally
through the Federated Press, that
,47 lives were sacrificed to the well-
developed property instincts of the
proprietors. Hearings have been
held in secret and a general whitewash of the affair is expected.
TI
Mexican Workers Resent
False Statements
in Press
Mexico City—Tho General Federation of Workers (red unions) ls
conduoOng a boycott against three
large daily papers ot thia city, EI
Democrata, El JUundo and El Universal Qraflco, because of stories
published in them which are declared to be false and prejudicial to
the interests of organized labor,
Small red stickers announcing the
boycott and warning workers
against the capitalist press, have
appeared on walls and telephone
posts in all parts of the city-
Organized workers of the capital
afflliated with the red unions organized a literary and musical festival on the night of Oct. 13, in
commemoration of the thirteenth
anniversary of the execution in
Montjiuch, Spain, of the libertarian
educator, Francisco Ferrer, besides music, poetry and an
address on the life and work of
Ferrer, there were several speeches
dealing with tho urgent necessity
for a radical reformation pf.lhe
Ideals and methods of present ada,"
educational systems to accord with
proletarian aspirations for, freedom.
Via Libre, organ ot the federation, has been denied mailing Privileges. The workers charge this
is a political move resulting from'
the anti-governmental, syndicalist
attitude of the federation.   ,.'
Adelaide, South Australia—The
South Australian state government
intends to introduce legislation to
abolish compulsory arbitration in
that Stato. The government holds
that arbitration has failed .in the
settlement of industrial disturbances, while it has been harmful
for industry. The government favors the establishment of wage tribunals, and wage boards for tho
settling o^ndustrlal troubles and
the fixing of wages.
Vienna—Robert Williams, In his
presidential address at tbe opening
of tho biennial congress of the International ~ Transport Workers'
Foderation, said tho workers' presence here was a challenge to the
diplomats, the .statesmen and financiers, whose grood, ignorance and
Incapacity had brought the workors' conditions to the appalling
levels which now cxlstod through
OUt  KlD'/iim
Lloyd George Turned Out
by Imperialists Wbo
Fear France
[By Paul Hanna]
(Federated   Press   Correspondent)
Washington—Great Britain fears
France. Lloyd George tried by dl
plomacy and the threat of force ot
Constantinople to check the power
of France. He failed and has been
thrown out of office by his lmperi
ailst backers at home.
British Labor detested Lloyd
George and would have turned him
out of office by its own strength,
and for excellent reasons, in the
course of time. But his going at
this time Is the work of the imperialists alone. In his place they
have set up for the time being, at
least, Andrew Bonar Law, a notorious foe of France, and author of
the letter made public a fortnight
ago, in which the French were
warned to beware of British vengeance.
The French reply to that threat
came quickly, enough, and wa
known to the world 48 hours before Ltoyd George fell In London.
The newspaper Le Temps, organ
of tho French imperialists, reversed
Its editorial policy of two weeks
earlier, and said that an alliance
between France and Russia must
be arranged as a balance against
England and a restored Germany
Great Britain emerged from the
Turkish crisis groggy and reeling
under the blows of French diplomacy. Her Greek army had been
destroyed, her oil wells in Mesopotamia Imperilled and her hold
on Constantinople broken, France
had brought the Turk back Into
Europe nnd was backing the demand of Russia for a seat in the
coming peace conference.
That is not all. France had an
envoy at Moscow all this time, in
the person of Edouard Herrfot,
mayor of Lyons. On the day Her-
rlot left Moscow to return home,
the Russian government revoked
the great concession it had arranged to give the British Urquhart
firm for the exploitation of a fabulously rich region In tbe Urals.
Moscow did not conceal its motives, but said the political hostility of the British made it unwise
to grant the concession.
This long list of defeats brought
British fear and resentment to a
critical point and marked Lloyd
George for slaughter. With the
French espousing a Russian delegate to the peace conference, and
even hinting at Russian admission
to the League of Nations, the British must find new leadership without delay.
With this new alignment of powers in Europe, with its threat of
war between England and France,
the United States can be expected
to give at least moral support to
the British. There are several
groups ot prejudice in America that
John Bull can capitalize to fine advantage.
Tho American Legion is anti-
French. So are the German-Americans. So are tho Jews, who think
England restored thetr racial home
In Palestine. Of course, the bankers are solidly for Great Britain,
and their newspapers are already
at work blackening the name which
French blunders and selfishness
have earned in America.
Great Britain cannot tolerate a
rival in Europe. For presuming to
become one, Germany was destroyed. For presuming to replace or
excel Germany as a continental
pretender, France makes herself
the target of British lightning.
France turning to Russia ia an
act of despair. It is also an act
that will further alienate the affection of official Washington.
Lenin may be (as he Ib) the only
statesman surviving in power since
the world war ended, but our state
department Is not yet ready to take
his proffered hand.
Indianapolis—The report of the
president of the International Typographical Union on the strike for
the 44-hour week In Job offices
shows that 128 unions are still involved, with 1266 offices affected.
The total number of men on strike
is 6240. Compared with preceding
month there is a decrease of 14 offices effected, and a reduction In
the number of strikers of 388. The
decrease would have been greater
hnd it not been for ft lockout In the
composing room of the Montreal
Horntd.
Keep Your Feet
Warm and Dry
Men's Heavy Cashmerette 6-
eyelet shoe, with soiid rubber sole and heel; special
for  $3.50
Men's Oil Tan Work Boots;
all leather; C to 10 ...IM5
Men's Knee Gum Boots,
white sole and heel, 6 to
10, for  $4.95
Men's % Olive Oilskin Coats
for $0.60
Boys' Knee Gum Boots, 3 to
5, Saturday $3,95
Children's Knee Gum Boots,
6 to 10; .Saturday $1.95
Mail orders tnken at these
prices.
Mcn'H and Boys' Furnishings,
Unts. Boots and Shoes
3313 MAIN BTREET
(Between 7th ud 8th Avsnies)
P.
Says Counter Revolutionists Should Have Been
Executed in U.S.A.
Compares Russian  with
United States
Brand
(By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated   Press   Correspondent)
New York—"It goes without saying that the Social Revolutionaries,
who were tried and.found guilty in
Mobcow of conspiring to destroy the
Russian government, had they been
tried in this country on a similar
charge, with the same evidence,
would have been executed."
In those words, Frank F. Walsh
summed up his comments ou the
Moscow trial, the closing se»»ions
of which he attended on his recent
trip to Russia. He spoke at a
meeting at the Civic Club of New
York, in the course of whicli he
gave his impressions of present-
day Russia. He paid tribute to the
courage of the accused Social Revolutionaries, but added that their
own admissions in court wero sufficient to convict them.
Of still more interest, perhaps,
was Walsh's comparison of tho
Russian criminal procedure and tlie
attitude of the court toward the defendants In the face of widespread
and bitter public feeling against
the defendants. His observations
were based, he said, on many years'
experience in American courts in
criminal cases,
'A most striking thing about the
Moscow trial," he said, "was the
uniformly courteous and fair attitude of the members of the Revolutionary tribunal toward the defendants. This was in contrast to
the whole atmosphere and conduct
of the trials of men accused under
the American sedition laws during
and after the war, ln which prosecutors showed a venomous and bitter hatred of the men on trial."
He remarked that with only oue
or two exceptions, the summing up
arguments were delivered by both
sides with a singular lack of the
antics and appeal to passion and
prejudice which marks criminal
actions—and particularly sedition
trials—in the United States.
One of the government attorneys," b« said, "delivered a passionate peroration in demanding thc
death penalty for the Social Revolutionaries. It marked the close
of a three-hour speech. When he
sat down one of tho defendants
arose and addressed to the court a
remark which seemed to amuse tho
whole court room. I asked an interpreter what it was.
1 'He said,' the interpreter answered, 'Yes—but why get so excited about if?"
The "news" coming out of Russia
ho declared, still is in large part
unreliable and in some instances
viciously false. This he blamed ln
great part on the Russian censorship, which he termed slow and
stupid.
It would be much better," he
said, "for Russia to throw open her
doors to any and all who wish to
go there. I found thot there were
ln Moscow many porsons who had
been permitted to enter Russia
whose purpose and desire was thc
destruction of the Russian government, and yet in Riga I met many
othors who had legitimate business
in Russia, with no thought or desire to plot against the govornment, who could not gain admission."
Buy at a union stor*.
Dregless Healing
"* 11 -_e_, _____
Sanitarium Ltd.
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Cor. Hutings and Kk.i_._dii
Phones:
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
Dr. Downie haa returned from
Sesttle when he wont to investigate tlie new treatment, aaw jiwt
how it waa applied, vlrilnd und
interviewed many people who hive
been CURED ff Rb'-umatiara,
Sciatica, Burn*. Blood Pollening.
Acidosis, Lumbago, and almost
every kind of poisoned wound*, and
old iom. Some -if theee paople
were graduate mimes, and were
from aU claim ot society. Everyone without excptli-m waa eathnat-
ivstlc about tho results they had obtained. We hare added thla alao to
onr other specialties and will ear
no more about it, but, If yon aro
Interested, it will pay you to IN*
VK8TIGATK. Pbone for appointment. Dr. Downle -.III be pleased
to ezpla n further.
"LAID OFF"
Two Short Words, Brldfliif tbe Gulf Between
COMPORT Md POVKRTY
Hive yon protected 70un.lt ind yonr fAinlljr aff-lnet euch I. emergency,
witk • SAV1NUS ACCOUHT— th. noil v_1m.1i A.i.t . uu _»_ _■» for
the "KAINY'DAr."
We STKONOI.Y RECOKIMND yms to start net .a aeeonnt AT ONCE,
•t ono ot our Olty Branches.
HAST1HGS and SETMOrtt Oeo. S. Harriion. Hauler
Cordora and Abbott IMta ud 95th An. Haln and Broadway
WHEBE YOO WX-Ii MOUTH FEOMPT AMD OOOBTEODS ATTENTIOK
Union Bank of Canada
P.S. If you are living in a community not provided wltb Banking faolll-
lien, address us by mall, and ws will be glad to guldo vm In leipect tu
"Bunhing  by Mail."
LIMITED
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Mercerized Crepe
Undergarments
Attractively Fashioned and Beautifully
Finished
THIS new shipment includes Nightgowns in
slip-over style; kimono sleeves and round
neck; have shirring across front and are finished with hemstitching; colors -of mauve,
honeydew or flesh—$4.50.
Chemise in opera style with ribbon straps; same colors as
nightgowns—$2.96.
Step-ins with elastic at waist and with hemstitching at
knee, in mauve, honeydew or flesh—$2.50.
PLEASE NOTE—Thia mercerized Crepe Underwear can
be purchased in seta or single pieces. All garments arc
oi tbo same quality and come in the same colors.
—Drygdale'a Llng-crle Shop, Second Floor.
STS Granville Street
New Fabrics
ARE FASCINATING.
There are new weaves and
new weaves, atnd old. weaves
In new versions, and the
result ls one that makes the
buying at tlie Famous of
Autumn clothes delightful
Famous Fn"amiQr
OOS HASI1N03  ST..
To Wearer
Near Uik_rlll>
BE SOKE VOU GET
VAN BROS.
WHEN YOO ASK POK
-CIDER-
aad Non-alcohol-- wines of all
kinds
UNION MEN'S ATTBNTIOM
King up Phots Sermonr 1351
for ai_K>>»t<uei>_
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite SOI Dominion limlillnc
VANCOUVER, B. c.
FIRST CHURCH OX
CHRIST SCIENTIST
net) Oiarff* Strttt
Sunday Mmc-l.   ii ...a. .„d  ;.-ty „„
Sun-i*/     icuu„i     IniiMfliiutiHy     rullunlm
kiarnhif s*r*i\as.    *'>■<•». aits* t.*«*i*t i<
ntfflfnu.    I    r_.ni.    Pm "--    ma.
90M03 aw. imiT  ^^   w*
COAL
YAMS SOOTLESS
•AND
NANAIMO
' Klnilllnx Freo
CANADIAN WOOD AND
OOAL OOMPANT
1440 UKANVILLE Sey. 3_»0
Mainland
Cigar Store
310 CAlUt -U, SWEET
TBE PLACE FOB PIPES
UNION MAN!
In thnt dark hour when sympathy and best service count so
much—oal] up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
2311 KI\(_S\Y..Y. V.WCOUV Kit
Phono i1il_.il..lit :,H
Prompt ..nibulnmv Senile
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Place to Kai"   .
HASTINGS AND < OI.UMI.M STS.
TjmiEl- ycur (plrphons is Wit acct'
-" dentally ott the hook, it rcgliicrej
the unuif sn & cil Rt central. If the
operator get* no ivspimso to hor
' 'Number, \>le**i*,'' the number In
handed ovor to the repairing fnrcee
'i» bring Mit of order. All thii involves tests, reports und time. In
the meantime, no *ine geta you ot.
your telephone.
"Off the hook" is a- very common emu* of interruption to tele*
phone service. By the exeruise of
caic In thin connection yon will protect your t-ervici! and avoid inioii-
venienco  to  yourself  and  ethers.
B.  0.  TELEPHONE  OO.
Ask for
BRITANNIA
BEER
"It Can't Be Beat"
FOR SALE AT GOVERNMENT STORES
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
SEE US
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prions.
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, STEKE0T7PEB8
AND BOOKBINDERS
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490.
1129 HOWE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C. r FRIDAY	
...November S, 1922
FOURTEENTH YEAR.    NO.
3. BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver.
FAOE THREE
Never Get Discouraged
About Your Teeth
I make fine teeth -possible
eves for those who have lost than.
My specialty for years has been Expression Work
—in so moulding and adjusting my plates as to
make them perfect. in appearance and uae—a
highly skilled method of replacing teeth that restores to the features their true lines, to the mouth
its natural firmness and beauty, to the teeth an
exact matching of thc remaining set. Come to me
if there is any defect—no matter what it is—with
your teeth. I operate my own laboratory—this,
with highest skill, complete facilities, modern
methods, gives full value for your dental money.
IlK -SOXAllI.E
1-lUCKS
It Is my policy to
churge reseonnbid
prices—the lowest compatible
with finest work-
m-nslilp. Get my
-..tlmate.
DON'T HESITATE—SEE ME
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 Hastings Street Weit
Bank or Nova Srotl» Bulldint
Phone Seymour 3831
BR. BRETT ANDERSON, -.rm.rlr mrmli.r of th. Faculty al tta
College ot Dentistry, Uai.er.lty ot Soothers California, Lecturer oa
Craws and BrMiawark, n.maaatralor In rbtawork an* Operative
p.ntlitsy, Loeal «n_ Qenarsl Anaeatkeela.
-
Vancouver Unioni
h
VANCOUVER   TRADES   AMD    LABOR
Council—President. R. H. NteUndi.
U.L.A.: genoral iecretwr. P«"y R. B«-
tonfh. Oflw: 308, 31S Pender St. W.
I'honc Hey. T*i»5. Meets im Ubor HaU Kt
I p-a.  ob tkt int Md third Tue»U*y«
lu ttontb.  .
ALLIED   PRINTINO   TRADES   WUN-
dl—Moets    second    Monday    In    ut
month.    President. J. R. WMI« W«*
IfcfT. 8. H. MteUads, P 0* Bo» «.
BAWERT   8ALBSMEN.   LOCAL   SU—
MeeU second-Thttre*»r «»ry »«"•
319 Pender St. W. Prtiidcnt. J. Bright-
wmII; UnancUl Meretsry, H. A. Bowrea,
2849  Burni   St. ;	
JOURNEYMEN   BARBERS'    INTERNA-
tional  Union  of Araerics—Local   130,
Vwkoow, B.C., MMtf wcontt and »•»«■
Tueadnys in etch month In Room 313, 819
Pender   Street  Weet.    PretldMit,   0.   B.
Horratt, 71 lliwtinge 8t.  E.     SucreUry,
A. R. Janl, 320 Carabio St.    Shop pfaoay,
Sfiy* ______ _-__*SSJ Phons, Doug. 217 IR.
LSTERNATIQNAL  BROTHERHOOD OF
Boilermakers,   Iron   Shipbuilders   and
Helper! of America, Local 194— Meeting*
flnt end third  Moiid-iya in i*«cli laomik.
Proiidoat. P. WUlla: eecretary, A. fraaer.
OBlce:    Keom 303—H19 Pender  St. W.
OfBoe _______ 0 to 11 a-m- and 3 to 5 ?■*&•
BRlOKLArSRS AND MASONS—If  J«
need  bricklayer* or maaona fu bollar
worka,   etc.,   or   marble   aettere,   pkea*
Bricklayere'  Union. Labor Teaple.
UNITED    BROTHERHOOD    OP    CAR*
penteri and Joiners, Local 452—Preai-
dont, Wm. Dunn; recording aeewtary,
Oeo. Snell; busineis agent, Oeo. H. Hardy.
Offlce: Room 304, 319 Pender St. w.
Me An Hecond and fonrth Mondays, 0 p-ia*.
Room ftjia 19 Ponder St. W.	
ClViC-EMPWYEES'     UNION—Meet"
first and third Fridays in each month,
at 148 Cordova 8t. W. President, J.
White, 340f> Pender St. E.; BaerttrtTr
Treasurer, Geo. Harriion, 1335 Woodland
Drive. __________
Federated labor party, hs cor-
dova St. W.—Educational meeting*
overy Sunday evening. 8 o'clock. Business meetinga every Wednedday «*V"__f
R. P. Pettipiece, chairman; E. H. Ham
aon, acc-treaa.; J. Bennett, corresponding
secretary. ] .	
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT  Kmployre*
Union, Local 2S—4U Seymour btreet.
Moeta flrst and third Wednesdays at 2.30
p.ra. Second and fourth Wednesdays at
&.30 p.m. ExecnlWo board maeta every
Tuesday at 3 p.m. President W. Colmar.
Bualneaa agent, A. Graham.    Phone Sey.
1681.	
LUMBER     WORKERS'     INDUSTRIAL
UNION OP CANADA—An indai-
tlrlal union of all workers In tagging and conatructlon campa. Coast »»•
trlct and Oen-rnl Headquarters, 61 Car-
do va St. W , Vancouver. B. 0. Phona E*f.
TI5U. J. M. Clarke, peieral secretary-
Uxftsorer; legal advisers. Messrs. Biro.
Macdonald * Co., Vancouvtr, B. C; anal-
tors. Meiers. Buttar & Chiene, Vancou*
___,  8  _<
MACHINISTS    I_OCAl_    892—President.
Ed. Dawaon; seerrtiiry, R. Hirst; bnai-
nrKE agnnt, P. R. Boiigough. Offico: 8u9,
SID Pender St. W. Meeta tn Room 3.
919 Vender St. W., on socond and fourth
Tuesday  In  month.	
MACHINISTS    LOCAL    1S2—Preaident,
Leo George; iecretary, J. fl. Keefe;
fauineei agent, P. R. Bengough. Offlce:
309, 31* Pender St. W. Meeta in Hoom
313, 319 Pendor St. W. on first aad third
Thursdays tn month.	
BROTHERHOOD OP PAINTERS, DEW-
raters and Paperfeangera of Arnerte*.
Loeal 188, Vancouve!-—Metis 2nd IM
dth Thursdays at 143 Cordova St. W.
Phone Hey. 3491. Busineaa agent, B. A.
Barker.
Pri-E DRIVKR.S, BRIDGE, WHARr and
Dock Builders, Local No. 2404—Meeta
In Labor Hall, 319 Pendor St- W.. every
2nd snd 4th Friday at 8 p.m. Jas. Thompson, Financial Secretary.
SAILORS' UNION OF THE PACIFIC,
135 Cordova St. W., P. 0. Box 571.
Phone Bey. 870B. Meetings every Mon-
day 7 _M> P. Hockaday. Business Agent.
FEDERATED SEAFARERS UNION OF
B_ C.—Formerly Firemen and Oilers
Union of British Columbia—Meeting
rights, first Tueaday and third Friday of
each month at 318 Cnrdova W. President.
B. Thom; vice-president. R. Morgan;
secretary-treasurer, W. Donaldson. Ad'
dress, 313 Cordova St. W., Vancouver,
B.C. Victoria Branch Agent's addrcse. W.
Francis, 507 .Tohnson^.^ctjrl^Jj-C.
INTERNATIONAL UNIOX STEAM AND
Operating Engineers, Local 844, meets
every Thursday at 9 p.m.. Room 907
Labor Temple. Secretnry-Treasurer, N.
Green, 9511 Hornby St. Phono Sey. 7043R.
Recording Secretary, W. Chandler, 1631
Fell Avfr, North Van con ver.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets K. P. Hall, ith and Kingswey,
1st and 3rd Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and T
p.m. Preaident, F. A. Hoover. 2409 Clarke
Drive; recording*aecrr-tary, F. E. Griffin,
447—Oth Avenue Enst; irva<iiif<i>, A. P.
Andrew; flntnctal-secrotary and business agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4308 Dumfries Street; offlce, corner Prior and Main
Sts. " Phone Pair. 3004R.
-JOURNEYMAN lAILORS' UNION OP
America, Local No. 178—Meeting! held
(Irst Monday In each month, 8 p.m. President, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, Mrs.
Dolk; recording secretary, C. McDonald,
P. 0. Baa 508; financial secretary, P.
McNfiah, P. 0. Box 508. ___
SOCIETY FOR TECHNICAL AID TO
Soviet Rnsiia, Vnncouver branch, moats
first and third Sundays each month, 2
p-m., at 01 Cordova St. W. For information write to branch secretary, S.T.A.S.R.,
61 Cordova St. W.^Vancouver, _B. C.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION Nt. 228—
Preaident, Win. Skinner; vice-president,
A. Tucker; seeretary-trensurer, R, H.
Norlands. P. 0. Box 06. Meeta laat
Sunday of each month at 2 p.ra.
Tokio—Paradoxical use of army
carrier pigeons to bear a message
of love and protection for animal
life was made when 32 pigeons were
set free from the summit of Mount
Fuji for ITlblya park. The event
was arranged by the Association
for Protection of Animals as part
of the plan for promoting greater
love and protection of animals by
the people.
Warsaw, Poland — Returning
from Germany via Poland, Qeorge
Chicherin, Russian commissar for
foreign affairs, was the recipient of
marked honors by the Polish government here. Receptions* dinners
and conferences followed ln rapid
succession. Chicherin and President PttsudsR-i of Poland agreed
that Russia and Poland must maintain peaceful and cordial relations.
According to Gaseta Warssawska,
Which stands close to the government, a trade agreement la about
to be worked out with Russia, and
the question of disarmament along
the frontier ia to be discussed at .a
conference- to be held in Moscow
In tne near future.
Amsterdam, Holland—The Build*
ing Workers International now
comprises 22 unions scatered over
17 countries, and with a membership of 1,309,000, .according to the
biennial report of the secertary.
The greater part of the membership
is furnisehd by the building workers unions of Great Britain and
Germany.
SLATER'S
WEEK-END
SPECIALS
I'ltKI-  DELIVERY
1_3 Hutlogg Si. —      Sey. :i_«2
li*l Granville St.     Si-y. 0110
__«0 Main St. Fair. 108:1
830 Gnm.Ule Sey. 806
BEEP SPECIAL—        O
"■ Pot Ki_u-t_ from, lb...    OC
Oven Housts from,
Ib	
10c
Boiling Beef from,        n
lb    OC
Boneleaa Stew Beef, ng
•I lbs. for     __.DC
Speciul Rump Roasts    *_\t\ —
from, lb    _t_\IC
Roasts from, lb.
18c
PORK!      PORK!      PORK!
Slater's Famous Pork Shoulders, weighing from 4 to 10
lbs., special,
lb. 	
18k
PROVISIONS
Fine Alberta Creamery  Butter,
from 8 a.m. to 11 a.m.—
LB3. FOR
$1.10
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire Roll
Bacon,
lb	
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon,
ST     40c, 45c
Slater's Sliced Back
Bacon, lb	
40c
35c
SPUDS!    SPUDS!    SPUDS!
Slater's   Famous   Mealy   Highland Spuds; good size and excellent quality.
Special, sack
B. C, Storage Eggs,
dozen  	
B. C. Fresh Pullet
Eggs, dozen 	
$1.00
40c
45c
BACON!      I1ACOX!
BACOX!
Slater's Streaky Bucon, half
or whole slabs.
Special, lb.	
35c
Finest Canadian
ChecHe, lb. 	
25c
Slater's     Peameul     Back
Bacon from,
lb.	
39c
Finest Pure Lard,
lb _.	
Fineat Compound
Lard, lb	
20c
15c
At Slater's
Stores
Lumber Workers
News and Views
■THE October issue of the Pacific
-1 Coast Lumberman contains an
article under the caption, "Booze
in Logging Camp's," from which we
take the following gem:
"The most difficult cases to deal
with are the men who boast firBt,
that they earn their money by hard
work, and can spend it as they like,
and second, that it is nobody's bus!
ness, ' provided they are sober at
their work. Nine times out of ten,
thesa kind of men have dependents
somewhere, and are" unusually able
to 'handle* drink, as they term it.
I am afraid there ia no .curing
these old stiffs; I cannot suggest
anything but blacklisting them and
keeping them out of jthe woods altogether, and this would he a shame
aa there ia a lot of work left in
them yet."
Could anything be more brutally
truthful, of the master class viewpoint than the statement that it
would be a shame to blacklist them
as there is a lot of work left in
them yet? In that ahort sentence
is depicted the contempt the boas
logger has for the men who work
in hia camps. To[ him they are
simply something to suck the proflt producing vitality out of, and
then be thrown on the scrap heap;
but if there is still energy that -can
be sapped out of the "old stiffs," as
the boss loggers official journal
contemptuously calls them, then in
the masters' eyes, it would be a
shame to be denied the profitable
pleasure of pumping tt out of them
through the work route.
"Old stiff," such is the scornful
term In which the official mouthpiece of the lumber kings of the
Pacific Coast refer to the men who
are beginning to get old after
ekeing out a miserable existence of
years of toil and misery in the hogpens that the loggers have been
compelled to live in so that profits
might flow to the coffers of his
masters, profits which that master
has used In an endeavor to remain
young and supple.
If the Loggers Association flgure
oa blacklisting the loggers who get
drunk, they couldn't do better than
give that job to Hicks. .Jle has
had considerable experience in
blacklisting loggers, and should be
well qualified to handle the job; although doubtless there are some of
the smaller fry among the employment agents in Vancouver who
would be quite willing to take the
Job if they could get a chance.
However, these "(-.harks" probably
lack the ability of the master mind,
and are only Insignificant imitators.
But Hicks has all the necessary
card index, etc., which would enable him to successfully carry out
the undertaking; and no doubt, It
Is a matter of fndifterence to him
whether h" blacklists union men or
drunks, thc cardinal point Is
whether there Is enough money in
It.
Perhaps if the human energy,
sucking i^noramua who wrote the
article in quostion were to look tor
the real cava** of drunkenness, in
stead of "blathering" about the
effects of it, he might find that it
has its very b-isit. in the social syatem under which we live; and so
far as the logger is directly concerned, Ha roots are planted in the
hog-pens which he la compelled,
through economic necessity to live
in. Removed for months from the
rest of human society, cooped up in
unsanitary shacks, lacking social
intercourse with the rest of the outside world, are very matori.il reasons why a man will get drunk
when lio comes to town In order to
fonret for a few minutes hia misery.
It may not be the wisest thing i'or
him to do. but there h noth.'n^;
strange in him doin? it. Howo ier,
our tnsk us workers in not helping
the intelle'ctuallv rnoribund vermin
who own the timber resources of
thia country to amoUorato the ovil
elTe'-'ts of capitalism, but rnther
our task is taktVv by any nnd every
means nt our ('tsjtoanl evoi'yihinK
we cab get ynder cnoitaUsm, and
when we have KufflcintU Htrenith to
smash the present order n»d '$?f"*t
a new one In Its place, For this
we the working di-si. require or
eani'.at.ion.evcn aa tho master clasa
require1' an .""my tn fischt the'r bnt.
ties. With thts object In viow. we
will build up our union, as we gain
in Ktre'ttrth'tukintr Vl we cnn. nnd
when lhe time comes, assisting the
other organ!■«tions of Labor In
freeing; the working class from the
yokes of slavery.
Workers ai Machines
««««««
««*«««
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral De.slgus, Wcitillng Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental und shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florist-' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLO III STS AND NIKS!-HYMEN
48 Hastings St. K. 2—STontes—2 685 GranvUlo St.
Sey. 088-072 "SAV IT .WITH FLOWtiltS"      Sey. 0513.1891
Will L. G. PnrnHI < fill nt room
305—509 Richards Street, and ask
for Mr. Sayer, and he will hear
something to his advantage.
Fifteen Thousand Workers Demand a Raise
in Wages       v
Mexico City—Fifteen thousand
textile operatives of the federal
district and the Stute of Mexico
are on strike in support of the demands of the workers in the San
tldefonao mill, who are petitioning
for a 15 per cent, increase in
wages. The company, in preliminary negotiations, agreed to the proposed raise for day workers, but
would not apply the same to pioce
work. The result was a general
strike called by the Textile Federation, which forms part -of the
Oeneral Federation of Workers
(red unions).;
Statistics gathered by the federal
department of Labor show that
textile operatives arc among the
worst paid workers in the fedoral
districts. About 20 factories are
Involved. .
The other unions affiliated with
the federation are providing financial support to thc strikors, notably the powerful street railway
men of Mexico City, who are giving a portion of each day's wages
to tho strike fund. Tho owners declare they are not Interested in ho*
long the strike lasts. A general
strike of the federation would cripple the transportation, communication, light and power systems of
tho city and cut off the bread en
Ply.     ,
Pekltl—Following tho suggestion
of tho Russian ambassador to China, Adolph Joffe, tlm Chinese government hfts agreed to participate
{in a spocial eustern conferenco un
Rusno-Oiit.es.* nftdlra nt l-'okin-
•»«««««       L     ******
Fallacy ol "Scientific Management"
o
(By "Fabius" in Queensland
Worker)
NE of the fads canonized and
worshipped of late in the world
'Board, lately issued, deals at length
with the alleged superfluous movements of tha worker at hla daily
  ___    toil, the movements which scien-
of capitalism  la "scientific  man^l***'ic..nianaSemeht seeks to repress
agement.'
Scientific management first entered Into the profiteering scheme
of things some forty years ago under the sponsorship of an American
named Taylor,
And alluring indeed were"1 the
prospects it opened up to its votaries. ■      '
For the cult of scientific management was the cult of Increased
output without any corresponding
increased wages outlay.
The method waa to make the
worker 100 por cent, efficient by
giving him the mental status of a
machine, his every motion controlled and directed by a scientific
manager,
Taylor was led to investigate the
possibilities of scientific management by noting that a gang: of men
engaged In shifting and stacking
pig-iron for a big American steel
company weren't showing any particular enthusiasm or initiative in
the performance of their task.
Taylor at once proceeded to take
his coat off—only figuratively
speaking, of course—and to study
the problem of shifting and stacking pig-iron with the cold eye of
a muth-interested spectator.
In due eourse Taylor came to
certain conclusions, to which he at
once began to give practical shape.
The'first of these consisted in
weeding out the weaker members
of the gang,
He next proceeded to get rid of
the more intelligent workera as
well—for Taylor discovered at the
outset of his Investigations that intelligence was a serious handicap to
giving effect to his syatem, which
consisted mainly in coaching meii
with *bus horse strength to do 'bus
horso work with 'bus horse mentality, r     '<   -
Taylor's next and last step was
to convert each worker in the pig-
iron gang into a human automaton
with arms, legs, and bodies moving just precisely along such lines
as Taylor himself laid down.
In due course the hapy result of
a fourfold Increase in the stacking
powers of the pig-iron gang was
announced. Scientific management
had been born.
And once it took up its position
in Industry, as un adjunct of exploitation, scientific management in
some ways worked for good.
For instance, the amazing discovery was made by certain eager
apostles of tho Taylor teaching
that proper methods of ventilatiofi
in shop and factory stimulated the
energies of tha worker.
Similarly, decent lighting ar;'
rangements" wore found to be con**
ducive to a better output In in.dU._V'
tries where clear vision was an ad*-
vantage to workera employed IA
them. '
Likewise, for toilsome forms of
labor, intervals of rest—smoke ho's''
—were shown to have a beneficial
effect upon the workers, regarded,
of course, only from the standpoint
of thoir efficiency as wealth producers.
Things such as these, however,
by the way.
Where the advocate and practitioner of scientific management
shone at his beat wasn't in giving
the factory surrotindlnsrs of lhe
worker much-needed nnd long-delayed looking into. The worker
him_telf was the centre of attraction of the new system. He It was
who filled the Btnge to the exclusion
of all else.
Day by day this formerly despised and .e'ected among mon
found himself thc cynosure of
eager eyea—eyed that an often be
foro had Been fit to gaze at him
miy wl h proud disdain. What
before had excited nothing but
clnss-cnnsfioiiu contempt now te'
r*nme an object of enthralling Intorest. Fascination lurked tn the
worker's every movement His
legs, feet, arma and body were examined with un Intensity as em*
btvfrttss'ng as It waa unusual,
ally,  indeed, the aervi?es    of    the
and .eliminate. .These movements,
however, instead of being useless
and superfluous, are shown to be
really necessary to the toiler, physiologically considered. They are,
regarded physiologically, nature's
way of resting the muscles. The
effect of their elimination Is merely to make the'worker more speedily fatigued.
The effect, psychologically viewed, of motions that do not directly
bear on the dally task waa discussed by the medical correspondent of
the London "Times" in commenting
on the report. This writer noted
that glrla working in a confectionery manufactory indulged at their
tasks in a sort of dancing movement which, he says, "might almost
be described as gestures of ornamentation." bo far as the work of
these girls waa concerned, these
motions were useless. Yet tt was
difficult, the Times correspondent
says, to get the girls to abandon
them, because "in. some mysterous
way these 'graces' assisted their
toil, sweetened it, and made it
easier."
Summing up the position, tha
position, the British Labor News of
February 23 says:—
.'„. "By forcing a mechanical rythm
upon the worker and denying his
body the physical repose which nature secures precisely by those "su-
perfllcitil gestures" and waste
movements, fatigue is brought on
firat in the small muscles, then in
thp trunk of. the body, and ultimately In the brain and nervous
syatem. The result is a fagged and
spiritless worker, prematurely
aged, worn out before his time.
"And the employer will want to
replace him by a younger and
fresher worker; who will soon be
reduced to the condition of hts predecessor.tf the same relentless process la followed. The community
Which has not the wit to see that
the Industrial system which trlea
toMurn men Into machines ls a
sya'em that dees not 'pay,' even in
the economic sense, bears the bur-
dfeii of maintaining the victims of
'scientific' ■ methods that are
wholly unscientific."
Time was when the dominant
class denlt-J to the workers a soul.
Such a possession, it was claimed,
belonged exclusively to the weaKhy.
Nowadays the dominant class is
content to concede to the worker
a soul. But, as tf to compensate
for this act of "generosity," its latest move, under the guise of scientific management, would seem to
aim at' robbing the worker of every
vestlgfe of brain power, initiative
nnd individuality that nature has
bestowed upon him. and making of
him a'veritnblc machine a creature
consisting mainly of a stomach, to
bo1 stoked occasionally with food,
iqs the fire-box of u boiler Is, and
-limbs-whose ono Job Is to move as
their --directors ordained, with pls-
ton-llko regularity and monotony.
em issue
But Send Delegates to International Congress
[By F. VV. Leighton]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Mexico City—The sessions'or the
lourth annual convention of the
Mexir-ui Federation of Labor devoted ,to international relations
ami to organization, were closely
related, bocauae both touche.l the
delicate question of the "red"
uu.nns in and out uf Mexico. Both
weie significant by their omissions,
At-tii- although the chief paragraph of
the the call for the convontion, after
movie Operator were called in at j pointing out the ravages of Inter-
times In order that motions more j nntional capital on workers o'r-
or lesa elusive, of t*^e worker at 'gaWitions in other countries, atut-
th^ USnch or lathe mi'.ht be luvca- fed- thnt "Mexico muat decide what
t-gated nt leisure with the film J Ia its position in thu world Labor
slowed down to enable tho criticnl movement," the question never
their | came to debate. The committeo on
111 ternatlonal relations recommond-
uti-ic
of ihe observer to study
every phase.'
The upshot was, where sol
management had ha vmv, a worker
mifth'ne-made, like unto thc products he wns turning out, a creature going through his daily rounds
with the precision of a soldier on
the parade ground carrying nut
cenaele'3 evolutions under the
eagle eye of the drill HOrgonnt.
WhU this meant as a cold, hard
fact was commented upon by E.
WIngftald-Stratford, In hla "Kecon-
Ntruction of Mind," as followa:—
When we enme to the ruthless
doctrine of making everybody do
the aame thing over and over
again, of eliminating thought and
skill in tbe worker. It must be obvious lo anyone not completely
blinded hy materialism that wo
may lie purchasing cheapness and
ed the appointment by cable of
three members, Ricardo Trevino.
J. H. Rellnger and Ali'onso Caso,
who had just landed in Eurow, as
dolegates to the congress of the
Red Trade Union International, to
he held in Moscow in November.
When Saucolo, dolegate tyojn h
group of agricultural workers with
Cbmmhhist tendencies, naked whether these men wore to go u* regular or only aa fraternal delegates, discussion was shut ofT, the
recommendation passed, and the
convention turned to other matters.
This wns the closest approach to
a discussion of tha International
Labor situation, or of the attitude
to be taken hy the Mexican Federation' 'of Labor,
, ■' Neither waa there any concrete
dividends at the price of everything tfim-uasion of the prosent tactics of
thnt makes life worth living.
Tho completely standardised
worker, after the new pattern, will
he a cronture more degraded than
the old slnve. Even under the lush
on thc plantations the alave might
have looked to enjoy u diversity
of Interest In hla work that la to
lio denied to the high-paid artisan
of today. . . . With nil our
tnlk about democracy and the dignity of labour, It seems to bo tacitly
assumed that our efficiency la to be
purchased nt the price of a humnn
degradation unprecedented in history. Social discontent and event
revolution are thc Inevitable but-]
come of a state of things In which
tho worker hates his worlt and la
Hcientiflcally brutalized by Its performance. ... If we ask Labor to tflacept soul-destroying and
repulsive tasks, Labor will rebel
blindly and brutally in proportion
to the efficiency of Its standardization.
WIngfleld - Stratford's protest
ngainst scientific management Is
from the human and social point of
view,
Now comes another protest from
a source much more likely to
prove effective lu curbing those advocates ot "100 por cent, efficient
workera" than mere morul '.nnsld-
o rations,
The aecond annual report of the
British Industrial Fatigue I.(.-search
eu'plthllam In Mexloo of the La-
mont-De la Huerta agreement and
its possible results to Mexican
workers, of the movement for
close'r relations between Latin-
American workors' organizations
which ia agitating the thoughts of
South and Central American work-
era, nor of thc imperialist depredations of thu United Stntes government in Haiti, Sunto Domingo
aud other marine-ridden places.
The Sacco-Vansettl and the
Mooney cases did not come up for
discussions. A petition was submitted by several delegates reciting thu details and preaent statui*
of Rlcurdo Fiore, Magon and other
Mcximiis who are political prison-
era in American prisons and recommending thnt any meana hut
thut of telegrams und protests be
tnken to secure the release of there
men. The mention of a boycott
brought a series of speeches from
the city lenders who direct the policy of the federation. The substance of their agreement was that
a boycott might lead to retaliation
hy the American government in
shape of thc arrest of more Mexicans and would Injure the ohanc
of recognition of Mexico by tho
United States. The olllclul resolution providing for a committee of
three lo work for the release of
the politicals and for the sendlne
of a telegram of protest io Samuel
[Tha opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents ara not necessarily endorsed by The Federatlonist, and no responsibility for the
views expressed ls accepted by th»
management]
"Whoa Are We neadlnff?"
Editor B. C; Federationist:—Referring again to the above subject,
note you have found my previous
correspondence of May 15 last. I
thought a bye-election in Vancouver at that time was p robable, but
evidently the powers that be ordained otherwise.
There are now indications that a
provincial general election may not
be long delayed, and would make
the following suggestions for the
Fed readers in and around Vancouver:
A meeting of representatives of
all Socialist and Labor organisations, political and industrial, tn
Vancouver to discuss a united front
on the political field. I believe Ik
would be necessary to lay down one
or two principles te be adhered to.
1. Past actions of individuals
and organisations should be out of
order.
2. No attempt will be made te
hog things for any individual or
organisation, but rather the present
and future be dealt with.
In my opinion flogging dead
horses is not a vital factor fn the
class struggle, although history
rightly applied may assist as a
present and future guide.
It is absolutely necessary that
we play the game with each other,
fair, square and above board.
It has recently been reported
that in Edmonton and Prince Rupert movements similar to that
suggested above have been
initiated. Why not Vancouver?
T. A. BARNARD.
Nanaimo, October 30, 1822.
Will Someone Answer This?
Editor B. C. Federationist—Sir:
Who is this Frankenstein monster
that you are continually railing
against? Tou seem to be always
trying to vent your spleen at someone who evidently does not agree
with you?
I would like to know who those
people are that Imagine the workers must bc brought to a high ped-
ctsnl of learning like themselves
before their freedom is possible?
It nppears to me th atyou espBCt
working class unity without knowledge at all.
Without a working acquaintance
with the materialist conception of
history, the class struggle, and the
law of vnlue, ns i'..undated by
Marx and Engels. and other teachers, what possibility is there of
making a united front to modern
capitalism?
You seem to take a somewhat
similar attitude as thc capitalists
themselves. Neither of you are in
favor of working class education—
fact which from the capitalist
standpoint is easily explained, but
why a supposedly Labor organ
ahould lend itself to such disreputable tactics Is a puzzle to me.
Kindly explain?
I would think that the first step
necessary to working class unity Is
a knowledge of the sociul system
we live ln today. If you can show
how auch a step can be dispensed
with, I will be gratified Indeed.
Much of the sound and fury In
dulged lu by those who are comild
ered the champions of Labor's
cause Is in reality the strongest
support the ruling class could wish
for. Let us cut out the bickering
nnd get down to facts. Fraternally,
J. J. MACDONALD.
1119 Washington Block.
Venice, California.
(Editorial Note —The writer
whose name la signed, to the above
letter, Is a man who wus an nctive
member of the S. P. of C. In Vnncouver some seven or eight years
avo. Whatever littlo ebo ho acquired in this city, ho took on an
extremely thick coaling of what
may be called, chuuvonistlc petty
pride, which is well exemplified In
flowing atory; a story which
has the merit of being true:
Ho was visited in Venice, Cnl.,
hy two membera of the 3. P. of C„
who were taking In the sights of
Lower California. They spent an
venlng at some pleasure resort,
where there was a crowd of people
numbering ten or twelve thousand,
all of >. whom could bc seen at tho
same time. Our lotter writer, Mr.
J. J. Macdonald, of course, was
overjoyed to meet a couplo of his
old fellow members of Local No. 1.
and looking over the vast throng,
he said: "Isn't it marvellous to
thlr.k that of all tlio thousands of
people hero, we three are the only
ones who know nnything."
Further comment wouid be needless, but for the fact, that this ignoramus did not write the letter,
but has beon used us a dupe by another individual, who apparently
does not have the courage to write
over his own signature.
We are entirely in ngreement
with tbe last .sentence: "Let ua cut
out the bickering nnd get down to
facts," a sentence which might have
been taken from tho editorial columns of The Federatlonist at any
time during the last year.)
Gompors and to Preaident Obregon
passed;
There wero many petitions from
member unlona for organizers. Tho
central committee in each eai
was authorized lu aend organizers
if the loeal group would bear the
expenses. It was resolved to push
efforts for the formation of a National Federation of Textile Unions.
The petition for a unity congress
was lost.
A suggestion that the labor movement form militnry units within
its membership as preparation for
a social revolution waa voted
down. The convention passed a
resolution   approving   prohibition.
The delegates were Invited by
Luis Morones to inspect the government military factory at Tucu-
bayn, of which hu is director, and
in which he haa established tho
moat modem factory regulations,
shop committees! n day nursery,
dramatic club, orchestra, daily cal-
OS then loa, and athletic Karnes for
all workers, etc. Al a fiesta or festival held the final Saturday of the
eonvention, .Morones drew vividly a
picturo of the future socioty, t
society which shall be a brother
hood of workera laboring In equal
Ity und friendship,
Eduardo Moneda, who hns beer
goneral secretary ()f tho Federation
of Bynd.Caloa of lhe federal district
waa elected general secre'ary o
the .Mexican Federation ot La boi
for lho coming year.
Come and Look at this
IMPERIAL
RANGE
for $55
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B. C. It's a range value that bas no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent appearance, good weight, and fine finish,
fitted with six cooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl2i4-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high wanning closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It.s a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $26.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying, and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
$55
-CASH OR TERMS-
Hudson's Bay Company
OPEN FORUM
F0K the purpose of discussing questions which are of
immediate interest to the people, an open forum will
bc started on SUNDAY, NOVEMBEB 5, in the W. P.
HALL, 303 PENDEE STREET WEST, st 3 p.m.
The flnt subjeot for discussion wilt bo
The Chiropractic Bill
Dr. Samuel Petenky will oppose this measure ou Sunday the 5th, while Dr. Sturdy will defend H on Sundty
the 12th.
Orjduinii Theatre
Trade marka ure limlgnlus that
Identify various brands of mer-
chandlso. Dooley and Sales 1* an
amusement trade mark, and wherever It la displayed, guarantees thnt
thore is to be found tho very highest form of spoofing, good-natured
banter and song.
J. Francis Dooley and Corlnne
Sales have won their places tn the
front rank of amusement, in Englnnd ns well as in America, and
their medium of expression is a
Jollity called "Will Yer Jim," and
although tbey are alwaya changing
tbelr material, the title remains the
same. Mr. Dooley la a song writer
and a composor of much prominence. He is a big, jovial fellow,
whilo Miss Sales Is u dainty Ingenue.
Their melange of fun and song
Is a humorous pica In whieh Miss
Sales continually asks "Will Yer
Jim." Dooley and Salon, from time
to time, stray out of vaudeville, and
are seen In musical comedy. There
tbey have been very successful, but
vaudeville is their stamping ground
so tbe majority of their time Is
spent In tbe two-a-day or In tho
halts nf England,
—s
-ORPHEUM-
COMMENCING MONDAY, NOV. 6th
THOMPSON "THE EOYPTIAN"
POOLEY - SALES
TIIE ANDRIE-T TRIO
HACKETT   k   DILMAR
PEA1ISON.   NEWl'OKT   -   I'EABSOH
 hose, ellis a Rosa
James— —BlflUM
IIUIIKE  -nd DUBK1N
Night*, 2CC-I1 Mats., 15iM0c
Twlc. Dally, 2:30 snd 8:20
Empress
HastiiifiB  St. East -Pborn Sey.  2492
WEEK   Of   MOW.,   MOV.   0
MARGABET   MAREI0TT
And Auocuttod l'Uytri
In Ilia famous moral mindly
'MLe Kendall'
THANKSOIVINO  MAT.  MONDAY
DANCING
Every Mon., Wed. and Sit Evmlngi
THE NEW ALEXANDRA
DANCING PAVILION
lot HORNBY .IT. 0|i|i. Court House
WHEN IN TOWN STOI- AT
The Oliver Rooms
481/, COHDOVA BAS*
Eicr>lliliiR Modern
Hate. Jt-ii_tm_lt__
Brink's
Meat
Market
offers readers of this paper an
opportunity to not only buy
meats, butter, eggs, etc., at
greatly reduced prices, but to
also show whether the read-
cih of this papor patronize
those who advertise in the
paper.
WE AIM TO SELL MORE
GOOD MEAT FOR YOUR
MONEY THAN YOU CA\
Hl'Y ANYWHERE EI.SK IN
THE CITY.
This week we are putting
our special Saturday bargain
prices only in the Province.
Wc will havo the greatest
bargains in meats for tills
Thanksgiving trade that we
bave ever bad, and If you
como to our store Saturday
nn a result of reading this ad.
we would bo glud if you
would mention it to the clork
who waits on you.
Here Is our Iiargaln to yon,
good for all next week, till
Friday night. No one but
reuders of this paper can secure these prices. Order
what you wish at tbe counters, and after the clerk lias
given you tho prices charged
In thp ordinary way, toll him
you arc reading our ._,ls. In
the Federatlonist paper and
he will give you 3c pov lb.
off on any smoked or fresh
meats, butter, bacon or
conked meats that rou aro
buying. If you buy a roast
at 10c per lb., he will actually
charge you only 7c lb,, or if
it is boiling beef nt 50 lb., It
will cost you only 2c 11).; or
butter at 36c lb. would cost
you 82c lb.
The weather Ih sueh now
lhat you can lay in a supply.
Suppose you buy a fl-pound
roanl. 1 lb. bacon, 3 lbs. butter, und 2 lbs. chops or
*te:ii(H, you would save on
onc buy K.c, which Is much
easier saved than earned.
BRINK'S MEAT
MARKET
132 Hastings West PAGE FUUK
roH-ITS.ENT.- YEAR.    NO. 30
HRITISH GOfcUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
VANCOUVER. B.C.
..November 3, 1922
Mail Order Shoe
Repairing
Send in your repairs by mail or express and they
will have the attention of my staff of experienced shoe repair men. No matter what the
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Try this system out.
Catalogue of hand-made shoes on request.
PIERRE PARIS
51
Hastings West
Labor Members Raise
Unemployed Question
in Provincial House
(Continued  from   page  1)
also supported tbat amendment. He
stated:
We aro told wt are to have a
rapid-lire session. I recall last year
a snowstorm of measures coming
down in tbe last minutes of the
session and a speaker who could
not see the clock. They tell me,
Mr. Spenker, you have secured
glasses since then, and can see this
official timepiece. I hope so. It Is
not necessary for me to talk on the
question of unemployment. It is
so apparent that anyone can see It.
It Is not my place to enst a ray of
light Into the minds of the government; they should not be absolutely hopeless.
Major Burde Hits Out
Major Burde, member for Alberni, also supported thc amendment, and In his usual breezy style,
In referring to Attorney General
Manson's objections to the proposal of the Labor members, stated:
There  have  been  some  wonderful
rulings by the boy wonder of the
norlh, declared the member for
Alberni, referring to Mr. Manson's
decision last year when Speaker.
We are not seeking to start trouble,
but we want to find out Just how
shallow ls the King's speech.
Attorney Oeneral Manson, speak
Ing for the government, took the
stand that the amendment was not
necessary, as the caring for tho unemployed was one of administration and not of legislation. He also
referred to the fact that he had
had a conference with tbe mayor
of Vancouver on the situation, but
conferences did not evidently satisfy the Labor members, and they
pushed their point to'the limit. The
debate was lively while It lasted,
but the machine worked with precision, and It was defeated by a
vote of 24 to ID.
Melbourne, Australia—The Australian Foderal government is considering a proposition for the employment of black labor in cotton
cultivation In the north of Australia. The proposal ls opposed by the
whites, who say that once a beginning is made with Australian
blacks, ft will be a comparatively
easy transition to the introduction
of colored workers from oversea
countries.
IF YOU BELIEVE IN
Chiropractic
AND THE RIGHT TO CHOOSE
Write to your Member at
Victoria, and ask him to
support the Chiropractic
Bill that is coming before
the Provincial Legislature
at this session.
DO IT NOW
Dr. WALTER STURDY
OFFICES: 312,3,4, 5 DOMINION BUILDING
Telephone Seymour 2098 for Appointment
Lady In Attendance
WOUKEHS'  PARTI" OF CANADA,  S.  V.  IjAliOR LEAGUE
AND S. T. A. S. II.
Joint Whist Drive and Dance
To Commemorate the Fifth Anniversary
1917—PROLETARIAN REVOLUTION of RUSSIA-1922
—TO BE HELD IN—
CLINTON HALL, Cor. Clinton and Pender Sts.
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 7th, 1922
Whist 8 to 10; Dnncing 9 to 12; Oood Music; Refreshments
LADIES, 25c
OENTS, 50c
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
bcen British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has bcen spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agrco
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
Cascade
LABOR ISSUES IIS
E
British   Political   Parly
Assumes New Importance
Opponents Fear Its Growing  Power  and
Effects
l By Harry Godfrey]
l Federated   Pre3H  Correspondent)
New York—The position of the
Britiah Lubor Party in the new
alignment caused by the downfall
of premier Lloyd George, has a«-
uttmed un importance hardly equalled in the history of the Lubor
movement in England. Added significance iH given Labor's possibilities in Great Britain by news just
reaching here tbat (he Labor Party
bus issued a clear-cut programme.
A number of elements contribute
tu place in the hands of the British
Labor Party at this lime a power
which even its opponents admit
likely to increase. One of these
is the extreme reactionary pronoun
ciamentos of the Conservatives, who
are attempting to create the belief
that the Laborites are torch-wav
Ing reds seeking to plunge the
country Into anarchy and ruin.
Observers say the British Labor
Party today Is a stronger fighting
force, despite the depiction of its
funds, than it was five years ago.
In 1918 the only real issue was t-.e
war. Now the one big issue is un
employment—one out of every
seven wage earners In Britain today has no work. This fact is he'd
to be the real explanation of the
steady succession of defeats the
Lloyd George government has sustained ttt the bye-elections.
Of the approximate 20 million
voters now in the British e!ertora e
16 millions are wage earners. From
10 to 20 per cent, of these have
been out of work for the best part
of the last year.
"Labor's programme Js the best
bulwark against a violent upheaval
and class war," says the Labor
Party manifesto, In pnrt.
"A democratic government can
be made e tec tive In ihis country
without bloodshed and violence.
The policy of the Labor Party is to
bring about a more equitable distribution of tho nation's wealth by
constitutional means. Thh is neither Bolshevism nor Communism,
but common sense JuBjce."
"Revision of the peace treaties,
which caused greater tnternntion"!
wrongs than they removed, is the
flrst. stop to peace.
"Labor recognizes the urgent
need for lifting from trade nnd industry the deadweight burden of
the national debt; it therefore proposes the creation of a war debt
redemption fund by a special graduated levy on fortunes exceeding
$25,000. Labor will not penalize
thrift, but will require some restitution from the profltcern out of
the huge fortunes made in the war.
"Lubor means to bring about a
more equitable distribution of tho
wealth producod by common effort
of work by hand and brnln. Our
industrial policy involves prompt
nationalization of the mines, as recommended by the Sankpy Commission, nationalization of the railways, with an increase'] share in
their control for the worka**.*, and
in improved workers' cdfnp'entatfcii
net."
Australians   Want   Coal
Mines Controlled by
People
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated   Press   Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. W.—"Let those who
work die mine3 control them," is
J.e slogan now gaining i'weight
throughout Australia. There seems
-o be a definite bete? in the minis
oi the majority of the people ot
•-hat country tlu't coal milling
■mould be a public utility, in common with other ser\ice._, and out-
diiie the absolute control of a handful of wealthy coal operators.
A. C. Willis, general secretary,
Australasian Coal and.Shale Employees Federation, whicli covers all
coal and shale workers on the Australian continent, holds that the
miners, including managers and
technicians, are entitled to, and
should control the mines.
"Con(rol by the miners," saya
Willis, "does not moan that the employees should own the mines for
the purpose of exploiting them in
their own interests only. Control,
as we see it, must be taken to mean
control by the management and
the men acting in harmony to
achieve the bejt results for themselves and the genoral community
undor the best conditions the industry can afford with a minimum
expenditure of human energy.
"I do not think control of the
mines by the miners would bo possible under private ownership—
that is, unless a collective contract
could be made with the pieaent
owners under which ihe miners, ns
a whole, would undertake to produce coal into cars ot the colliery
siding, at a price per ton, anJ iho
owner would undertake to prbvUe
the necessary capital for the successful working of the mine.
"Under a proposal of tbis-kind
'he miner would be responsible for
the fixing and adjustment of rates
to pay (he various classes of labor.
It would also mean that the. employers' organization would pay to
tlie employees' o ganizations one
(heck for the total outpi't. This
proposal, if given a fair trial, would
be rnftnt'ely preferable to the present system.
"It would practically abolish sectional strikes because the onus of
adjusting local differences would
be entirely in the hands of the employees and if they struck it would
bo against themselves. With the
miners controlling the mines a
spirit of co-operation would replace the present spirit of hostility,
with incalculable benefit to ths
pcne-al rommrnifv,"
NHS LAW
Swiss   Reactionists   Defeated by People's
Votes
(By the Federated Press)
Berne, Switzerland—By a referendum vote of 371,241 to 298,508,
.he Hdeberlin law with Ps mnnv
niti-labor clauses, was defeated,
lesplto the fact that tho national
parliament had adopted the meufl-
iro last December, by a vote of HS
lo 36.
Among the provisions of the law
egai'ded by the workers as obnoxious were clauses curtailing the
fight to strike and infringing upon
he liberty of the press, Under the
■loak of sec-king to punish propaganda of ihe Communists, it was
intended as a millstone around the
neck of all Labo.\ much In the
manner in which the criminal syn-
Ucalism statutes in various Amori-
ran .Stales have been used.
The bourgeois elements solidly
voted to support the measure.
German Private Firm Is
Granted Right to
Issue Bills
Hoerde, Germany—For tho first
time in German history, a private
industrial concern has beon mnde
an organ of lho national treasury.
The Phoenix Mining Co. has been
authorized to issue paper money
totalling 60,000,000 paper marks.
This permission was grantod in
Plow of the unusual scarcity of
paper money that obtains throughout tho country. Banks for thc
most part refuse to pay out on
cheques for less than 10,000 marks.
If the cheque for 10 or 20 thousand
or more marks, they will hand thoir
silent single 10,000 mnrk bills,
which are difficult to chango. Some
.peculators are making a bnsiness
of changing 10,000 mark cerllfl-
■atos Into bills 0f smaller value for
i commission of 200 marks, or 2
ter cont. Cities hnvo also obtained permission to print emergency
money, good only within that com-
nilnity and for a brief neriod.
L
I Ail
E
Siberian Army Commander Wants Troops
Withdrawn
(By the Federated Press)
Washington—On Oct 26, the
army of the Far Eastern Republic
occupied the railway station of
Vtoruya Rekha (Second River), a
suburb five miles from ihe centre
of Vladivostok. According to a cable received by the Far Eas'tei-n
ofllce nt Washington, the Siberian
army also holds at present, the entire Munchurlan border in the vicinity of the Chinese eastern railway
stations, Grodekovo — Pogranich-
naya.
A general strike was declared on
Oct. IH by employeea of all public
institutions and offices at Vladivostok, tho strikers demanding that
tho Far Eastern army be admitted
to the city, and that the departure
of war and merchant vessels
abroad bc prohibited.
Uborevitch, commander of the
Siberian army, has presented to the
BrltlBh, American and Japanese
consuls the following demands:
(I) Complete withdrawal of all
foreign armed detachments from
Russian territory; (2) withdrawal
of all foreign warships from Vladivostok; (3) handing over to the
Fnr Eastern republic authorities all
Russian war supplies, ships and all
Russian property in genernl; (4)
prevention of destruction of Vladivostok by DIeterich's bandits; (5)
release and handing over to the
Far Eastern republic all political
prisoners, and protection against
white guard bandits and Japanese
for all adherents of the government
of the republic; (6) restoration of
all Russian war and merchant ships
which were recently taken from
Vladivostok to foreign countries;
(7) draft of the plan for entering
Vladivostok by lhe army of th'
Far Eastern republic.
•Tonopah, Nev.—Upon demand of
the. metal miners of the Tonopah
nnd Divide districts, the operators
have agreed to a wage increase of
50 cents a day for underground
workers and 25 cents for top men.
The new scale makes the wages for
skilled miners $5,75 a day; muckers
and car men, $5.25; surface men,
$5.00.
St. Paul—After many difficulties
in securing material for construction entirely under union conditions. Father Casey has completed
the building of St. Columbia's Catholic-school with union labor cx-
clusivf y. The Trades and Labor
Assembly will assist in celebrating
its nnening.
Dr. Curry's Lectures
««««««    *«««*«    ******   ******
"The Martyrs of Science"
This wits tlie. subject nl lnsl
Thursday night's mooting In tho
Vi*. P. Hall, and It provod a very
interesting one.
The speaker, ns usual, reviewed
the subjoct of the previous lecture
which was "Communist versus Imperial Christianity." He advised
his audience to be students, to rend,
study nnd think over these, problems of life nnd labor, He then
took up tho martyrs of scfeme.
It was shown that thc chief reason why tho church persecuted thc
c .rly scientists wns, because tho c
new views regarding man nnd the
universe conflicted with tho Blbli
tlory ot CreaMitn, or tile "Inspired
'cords of Mope?,"  and   on   which
'h'j it Inn theolo.y tests. Tills enn-
fll-t mis naturally it menace to tbe
uei(l;e of the priesthood, and thc
power of the church, which had
for centurlos ruled empires, and
made, or unmade kings.
Tlie Protestant Reformation wns,
in fact, but the religious trnnsfor-
mntlon which marked the overthrow of Feudal stnte and church,
bv tho rising hour, ooisic. It was
during' Hint thousand yon-s of re-
Hirloua dictatorship, which constituted   whnt  is  aptly   termod   tho
dark  uses,"  nnd  yet it  was the
colilen age" of Imperial Christianity.
Yet If the cre.ds were facts, If
the "last Judgmont day" wns np-
pronchln?. nnd If eternity in Hoaven or hell depended on faith
AI
Scores Distortioners for
False Statements on
Famine Relief
verdict that "If tho gods are in-
suited, let them see to it themselves," but in 426, Constantino
adopted a Christianity prepared for
him by Paul and others, then the
punishment for heresy and blasphemy began.
One of tho flrst nets of the
church was to burn the grent mu-
-oum and _ library at Alexandria
which contained hnlf u mllllo-
books, the accumulation uf cen
turles. The story of Hypntla's mur-
ler whs partly read from (.llbbon'i
'Decline aud Hise of the Itcmar.
Empire." Syrnl, then nrdi'ilsliop,
wus jealous of this beautiful Greek
:caeher. "On a holy day In Lout, j
Hyputla was torn from her chariot,
stripped naked, dragged to the
nhurcb, and inhumunly butchered;
her flesh was scraped from her
bones, and her quivering limbs de- ,
livered to the flames." j
A  century  Intor,   the  Chrlstlnn i
Emperor closed all the schools In '
Athens, nnd thon bogan a millenium   of   religion,   known   as   lite
"dark oges."
Bruno was the next martyr mentioned. His teachlhgs in astronomy especially clashed' with tiie science of Moses and tho church; for
he claimed tho earth was round,
and revolved around the sun.
Bruno's persecution and burning
at the stake in the flower market
of Home, marks nn epoch in science, nnd for organizod superstition
hut  Bruno's   martyrdom   was  re
Says  Articles  Are Not
Worthy of Attention
of People
(By the Federated Tress)
New York—Further light ls
thrown on the distortions and
•afty misrepresentations of reactionary newspaper urticles by Captain Buxton HIbben, secretary of
tho Russian Bed Cross in America,
and executive secretary of the American reliof commlteo for Russian
children, who has sued the Boston
Transcrrlpt for f 100,000 libel for
false statements concerning him.
The Transcript, In one of a series
of articles entltlod "The Reds In
Amerlco," declared Capt. HIbben
had bcen In tho employ of the
Greek royalists, nnd that ho copied
conlldentlal papers in the embassy
In Brazil, and had to escape from
that country in disguise. Not only
was he never connected In any
manner with the Greek royalists,
Capt. HIbben declares, but he never
was employed In an embassy, and
never was in Brazil in his life.
Commenting on another article
In the Transcript's series on Oct.
21, he snys:
"It Is characteristic of the peur-
ilily of the articles enltled "The
Rods In America," that part XI,
published on Oct. 21, should ro-
veal as a great secret, the arrangement which I concluded In Russia
this summer whereby the Russian
Rod Cross would be empowered to
act as agent for Russian musical,
theatrical nnd dramatic artists desirous of coming to the United
States, a part of the proceeds of
the contracts thus made through
the Russinn Red Cross going to famine reliof. The text of the certl-
flcnte published In tho Transcript
wns given out by me In Moscow to
the Assoclnted Press, the United
Press nnd all the Americnn correspondents. There was nothing
secret about it.
"It Is equally characteristic of
these articles that the writer ts evidently unaware that the 'B. Krassin' who signs the certificate In
question is not Leonid Krassin, the
Russian commissar for foreign
trade, but on the contrary is chairman of tho All-Russian Central
Famine Relief committee, and hns
no relation whatever with the Communist Party In Russia or elsewhere. The statement that S3 1-3
per cent, of the earnings of Russian dramatic or musical artists In
tho United States go to the Russian
government Is as fantastic as most
of the material In these articles. It
had merely beon nuggested that 10
per cent, of such earnings go to
famine relief.
"Tho statement, given as 'authoritative' by the Transcript, that
money raised in this way fs used
Say, Fellows!
I've just been having a look around and if you
want to get a real overcoat at a small price you
should see Bruce. He dossn't make any extraordinary promises in his ads., but say, boyS, hia
performance is great.
$25 $29.50 $3450
C. D. Bruce
LIMITED
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
for 'propaganda of the Communist
movement' ls unqulifledly false—us
Is the greater part of the articles
ln question. Tho strange jumble of
ignorance and prejudice in these
articles renders them unworthy the
attention of any serious person."
St. Louis—Jack Carney, editor
Voice of Labor, Chicago, addressed
a mass meeting here under the auspices of the St, Louis branch, National Labor Defense Council, on
the Michigan red raids. The speaker connected the Michigan cases
with the nation-wide conspiracy to
destroy the organized Labor movement. ,
London—Gen. Sir Ian Hamilton,
unveiling a war memorial at the
height of the recent Turkish crisis,
said that a year ngo he would not
have raised his voice against war,
but in that time ho had unveiled
too many war memorials not to do
so. "Peace was the last thing'the (
men who made the treaty of Versailles and Sevres were thinking
about—punishment was what they'
were after," he said.
London—H. G. Wells lias been
adopted as parliamentary candidate
for London University, for which
he will stand at the election Nov.
16, as a Labor candidate.
To Buyers of Printing
•■THE following firms have established the 44-hour week, and
are therefore the only printing offices operating under conditions which are fair to the undersigned organization:
Arcade Prlnten,  Homor  Street Arcade Sey. 4633
B. C. Printing and Litho Ltd., Smytho and Homer Sts Sey. 3233
Broadway 1'rlntfrs, 319-Broadway East .'. Pair. 80S
Citizen,  The,   1451  Broadway  West Bay.   3.17
Cowan * Brookhouse,  1129 Howe 8t Sey. 4490-7421
Evans,  Charts   A.,   1676  Klngsway Pair. 780
Kershaw,  J. A.,  684 Seymour Street  Sey. 8674
Witchell-Foley.   Ltd.,   129  Hastings  St.  W Sey. 9238
North Shore Press, North Vancouver  -...N. V.   80
Pacific Printers, SOO Tower Building Sey. 9592
Pennie,  Jamm,  213  Hastings  Street East  Sey. 8129
Progressive Printers,  18 Victoria Drive  High. 2279
Record Publishing Co., 629 Pender St. W.  „ Sey. 7808
Rogers Printing Co., i>0O Homer Street Sey- 6440
Seymour Press, 423 Richards St Sey. 3728
Shilvok Bros., Typesetters, 341 Pender St. W Sey.   684
Shilvock-Jackson,  Typefounders, 841 Pender St. W Sey.   534
Star Printing Co., 812 Pender St. West Sey. 8608
Sun Publishing Co., 137 Pender Bt. West Sey,     40
Vnncouver Job Printers,  737  Pender St.  Weat Sey. 2021
Vancouver Printing Service, 819 Metropolitan Building....Sey. 2192
Ward, Lionel & Co.. Ltd., 318 Homer St. Bey.   195
Woodruff, E. L. & Son, 1530 66th Ave. W Ehur. 1S9
Wrlgley Printing Co., Ltd., .436 Homor St Sey. 3825
VANCOUVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 226
Tho undermentioned Anna are non-union, instigators or supporters of tho "AMERICAN PLAN" ln the printing trade ln
Vancouver, and consequently opposed to union men and union
principles-
Biggs, Anderson, Odium, Ltd. fl. A. Rocdde, Ltd.
J. W. Boyd Rose, Cowan A J.atta
Clarke &  Stuart                                     A. H. Timms
Evans ft Hastings, Ltd.                        Uneeda Printers
Murphy ft Chapman Whito  ft   Blndon
Nicholson, Ltd Vincouver Stationer!
nfld.ellty to these creeds, then who vehged, when in 1884 at the exnet
could way lhat the most extreme
measure's of the Holy Inquisition
were not justified? So we have no
Itrht lo blame, but only to look
back and shudder at the sight, then
turn toward the light, and move
Hr. Curry then dealt with come
leading martyrs for the cause of
science, nnd showed that even the
golden age of Greek scholarship
had its martyrs for tho trulh.
Annxagoras had a narrow escape
with his life. Ho removed the
halo of Deity from tho grent sun-
god Appolo, and threatened the
economic basis of the priesthood,
wheti he affirmed that the sun was
not the dwelling place of Appolo,
"but a groat mass of brazing metal." Protogoras, tho first of tho
Sophists, had to flee for his life
through publishing a statement,
claiming that "ho could not say
whether the gods existed or not." -
Socrates, another enemy of organized religion, was permitted to
drink the deadly hemlock In order
to escape execution, by a priest-
ridden.state, his crime was "denying orthodox gods, and corrupting,
the young."
The gods of antiquity nre ,gone,
nnd the speaker stated that In
Russia a religious rovolution had
taken place, tho great trea^ure8)
and jewels of the Greek church,
had beon seized by the Soviet government ta buy food for the starving peasants. Thc aristocrats of
tho church rebelled ngainst this
sacrilege," (he proletarian prleBts
applauded this as right ln lino with
the teachings of Jesus, and with
His Communist gospol. Tho Btate
of Russia must swing in the snmo
direction—flits Is tho law of social
development.
Hvpattm, the First Martyr of
Christian Rome
Under   Paganism,    the    empiro
contained so many gods, and religions, due to conquests and adop
tlon, that tho emperors repudiate.] |Spiritiuiliain."
tho crime of blasphemy.
Tiberius  Oflflsnr   hai*   »ai*.Aar*t*   •
spot where  he  had  boen burned,
30,000  rationalists  from all coun- j
tries, met and unveiled a magnificent statue ln honor of tho martyred scientist,, whose astronomy is
now    taught    everywhere.      The I
speaker  also   referred   to  Galileo, t
wiio curried on the work of Bruno, j
and  who with  the telescope, was '
the first to prove what his predecessors had inferred through analogy and reason.    Galileo only escaped the fate of Bruno by his famous  "recantation,"  in which ho
was forced to repudiate the earth's
motions and bow to the science of
Moses, on which tho church rested.
Thon there was Servitus, a physician and scientist, burnt by order
of John Galvln, the Protestant reformer. This wns for the samo
offence.
The execution of Francisco Ferrer took place In 1909, in Spain.
His crime npainst Christianity was
in attempting to introduce a modern system of scientific education.
Dr. Curry stated that if Bishop
Brown had published "Communism
and Christian ism" in Spain, he
would have probably met the same
fate of Bruno, but some of the
world at least moves. Tho strugglo still goos on between science
and Ignornnce.
Today it Is usually between the
subject and tho master class, and
the crime Is "sedition,"
The massacres qf the middle
age3 for heresy, the burning of
millions of witches, the modern
wars, including the late world's
carnival of carnage, wero conflicts
among Christian nations, In the
nnmo of religion and freedom, ond
no protest camo from the sky.
The speaker declared tho time
had como for a new religion, which
could be based on tho old text, "Ye
shall know the truth, the truth
shall set you free."
The subject for November 9 will
bo "The Evidenco for and Against
YOU SHOULD WIN
real chance of winning at least one ol the ,
the big prize and win $2000.00. Somebody will
Jut think what you could do with the money. $2000.00
could buy an automobile and leave enough balance to
muke a payment on a cozy home. Perhaps you have in
mind just thc thins you would like to do If you received a
check for $2000,00. Certainly you owe it to yourself to try
to solve thid puzzle. You will find the trying very eaay
and pleasant.
The Way to Win One ot tbe Twenty Prizes
You do not have to spend a penny to set into thia contest.
It is not necessary tor you to order any Yeastolax. If your
list is adjudged to be one of the twenty best you will re*
ceive one of the cash prizes. Without your order for
Yeaatolax, if your list of words commencing with the letter P" is the largest you receive the first prize of $50.00.
If the judges award you the eecond prize, without your
order for Yeastolax, you will get a check for $25.00; and
ao on down the line as shown in this announcement.
Win the Biff Prlze-$2000.00
If you choose you can win a great deal more tban the
Class A prizes. All that is necessary for you to quaiify
your list for the BIGGER PRIZES is to send io an order
for one or more packages of Yeastolax. Look over care*
fully the schedule of prizes as classified ln this announce*
ment. You will find that if you send In 11.00 for one pack*
Costs Yon Nothing to Try-So Solve This Puzzle
Bow Many Words
Can Yon Find
s| in This Picture
Commencing With
the Letter «F"?
For example, you will
notice "Fire," "Fiddle,"
"Foundry/'etc. Are you
able to find 20 words
commencing witb tbe
letter "F"? The picture
is very clear: there can
be no mistakes. You will
find tt very interesting
to look for these word*
and may win the big
prize. Anybody can try
-costs nothing. Why
should you not be the
winner of the $2000,00?
The person having the largest list of
words beginning with the letter "F" will
get the First Prize.  You surely have 8
 offered—there are fifteen of them. Why not by for
win it—your chances are as good as anybody's.
RULES. 1 Th'* .***** '■cwo ,0
__—____*   X overyM-y cie.pt ete.
ploym uid ralilivM at tb, Y eutolai Co.
2 Tha -Int - rtic will bi awarded to tb.
perron giving th. lar(Mt „__i-_r of
word. Iwnlnnln, with tb. latter "K", To
tit. Mit fn o_J_r will b. awarded ttt.
Second Frlie ud io on down th. Ilrt of
Twontr - r[_w. Th. award, will be mod.
ee th. bull of th. word, .ub milted and
not from a predetermined list Bhoold
th.ro ba an, tia. tha foil amount of tha
aril, wll] H awardrd to .ach conttttaat
3 Word, of anion'..
wordaof tbaaama
i. epellina but Jl
mt aa onlr ono.
Iff;
ont meaning will eoont as onr. _	
•Ithor tha slngnlar or plant ot a.word.
Oaly word* appearing la Webatir*i Die-
ttonarjf-tnd not obooloto words WN
neetad with tbt Yeutolu Co. Thi
jndsoo will award tht prists, tha a
taunts amt to abldt by tbo dodih
-■ -L"i ludffOt.andltlaQndtr-tood tl
itiionoartto ba eonclttilvo. 1_
ing tftts o
namet ol winners a
 eonclttilvo. Tbt
..™.- ~_  - — and winning jjito of
of words, will bo pnMwod ss soon to poo*
libit aftor tbo eontoit. A copy ot tbis Hot
wtll bo f urniihed to an/one upon rteefpt of
a itas.pod, ■ddrooood tnvawoo. Two or
more pertain msy eo-optrttt Tn tbii
tat, bat only om prlio will'
anyittthco-optrat.nl.
i tbii ton-
warded to
6Lfitiof namra muit be r«oindstonr
ofleafany. U— *          "
" rbofoi
■  It**  «...—,     ...      -.,,.     :_,_...     .
'eaitolas io recelrod l
'    ■        ■   "10.001
(any .Umt during ronlar ofl
ii our. ion or before Dee.lBtb.IM. Forimy
day before (or ahead J of thii dato that
 —'-far Tea-*--— '	
»e of Yeastolax and the judges award you first prize you
11 get 1300.00. H vou send in $2.00 for two packages of
Yeastolajc anu your list li awarded first prise yon will get
acheckforS600.00;andsoonup. Hjrousendin|5.00for
5 packages of Yeastolax and thejiidges award you the first
prlte. you will receive the Big Prize ot 12000.00, Should
your list be judged as (he second beat you would receive
11000.00; and so on down the list. Remember, there are
twenty prizes offered, as shown. All the opportunity one
could desire. Go in to win the best prize.
$700.00 Extra Award for PromptncM
Dec 15th, 1922 Is tbe last day for receiving your solution
to this puttie qualifying you to win one ofthe prizes. But,
note this; For every day before that date that your order
money: then you can send in your solution any time before
Dec. 15th and your list will be Qualified for any of the
prizes. We will award an extra 1700.00 In this manner. You
ahould try your very bent to earn this additional award.
It will cost you little additional effort, .ft case of ties we
will award duplicate amounts of $700.00 to each contest
ant ao tying. Don't overlook reading about our extra
premium of 50,000.00 Genuine Russian Rabies, whether
or not you enter this contest
Go after the Big Prizes-don't delay-start right away—
get into the contest. How many words can you find with
the letter F"? Great amusement—great opportunity.
$2000.00 is awaiting your call. Now la the time to act.
YeastoIazCrO.'Ntȴ^w'Chicago
day, added to any flnt prio. you win, In
-im of Hot tbl* twird will b» doplkOU*)
to every contestant to tying.
IHPOHTANT-Speclal Introductory
r.wewUlt-T.
ii-ru.*j-$--rJa^--V-*3S*
Absolutely FREE-50,000.00 Rubles
Twenty Prizes -$4,000.00
CUuaA      Class!
1st Prist
Set Prist
3rd Prin
«h Prist
Sit Prln
6l_L_SUi_28
$30.00
28.00
25.00
20.00
18.00
2.00
,mu_>
0300.00
180.00
78.00
48.00
30.00
3.00
W- Jllft
0600.00 $2000.00
300.00 1000.00
180.00 400.00
88.00 280.00
80.00 180.00
7.00 18.00
\

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