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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist May 8, 1925

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Fra   Giovanni,   the   Franciscan
Monk, Poor, Merry-Hearted,
Obedient and Dutiful.
Statement of V "4. *>pters' Unions
on Dispute Wiv *r >ntractors'
His Strange Tale of Making the
Prince of Darkness Contrive
Monk's Escape.
"TVERYONE has surely read some
of Anatole Prance's works, more
especially since he attained the notoriety of death. His books are, Indeed, worthy ' of careful study; for
tho author was an artist, a thinker,
and one of those who have taken up
the cause of "the people".
In his book, "The Human Tragedy,"
he portrays a pilgrim's progress—
not Indeed from earth to heaven, but
from thoughtlessness and blind super-
and sympathy.
Fra Giovanni Is a Prancisan monk,
poor and merry-hearted, obedient and
dutiful. "He was afraid to act, for
is not all effort painful and useless?
He was afraid to think, for thought
is evil." He was an unprofitable follower of the Order; he obeyed literally
the teachings of the Founder. Never-
the less, he was happy with a happiness of his own.
Unfortunately, the Evil One (in
whom all good folks believed in those
days) took notice of him. And Satan meditated somewhat as follows:
"I will tempt these monks, telling
them what is hid from them by Him
who Is their Friend. I will utter to
them words of reason, they will be
unhappy, for peace Is only to be found
In ignorance. . . And they shall call
me the Prince of Darkness, because
my kingdom is of this world. And
I shall tell them that the tree of their
Charity bears bitter fruit." Then
said Satan to Fra Giovanni: "la It
true you despise the goods of this
world?" And Fra Giovanni answer'
ed: "I do despise them." And Satan
replied: "Look you, in scorning these,
you are ncorning the hard-working
men who produce them." But the
monk does not understand until later
he encounters a quarryman dragging
groat stones from the fide of a mountain, and to whom he says (after
his custom): "Peace be with you,"
"I shall have no peace till I am dead
. . ,1 hale out stones from dawn to
dark and all I get is a scrap of black
bread. Then when my arms are no
longor as strong as the stones of the
mountain and my body Is all worn
out, I shall perish of hunger." (And
so it Is today; the producer and the
induatrlal worker keep only bare necessities for themselves as long as
they are able to work. When they
can no longer work, they do not keep
even bare necessities.
Says the monk after contemplating
his hitherto unsuspected aspect of life,
"Labor Bhall be a joyful thing when
It is no longer paid. 'Tis gold only
that makes the sharing uneven. In
the days to como tbere shall be neither rich nor poor." Tho quarryman
'.•'-.■•'plies: "I shall not see the end of
my mfsorles, for I am going to die
of hunger and exhaustion. But I
shall have beheld the dawn of the day
of Justice." ,
In Fra Giovanni's city, there wus a
brotherhood composed of judges, merchants, money-changers, doctors and
ex-soldiors, and their brotherhood was
called tbo "Friends of Ordor," for it
was thoir aim to persuade the poor
to follow goodness and good order, to
tho end that no changes should be
made In the constitution. At their
monthly meetings, they congratulated
any serving maids that served their
masters without receiving wages, and
spoke highly of the old men who, having no bread to eat, did not ask for
any. <
And when Fra Giovanni criticised
this, ho was severely lectured by the
"dean of the order": "Goodness ts
to support the established ordor of
things and to be ready to fly to arms
to defend the same; for the duty of
the poor Is to defend the good things
belonging to the rich, etc,
Tho monk has othor ideas about
goodness, and so he Is thrown into
prison i'or being a disturber of tho
peace, although his Intentions were
as peaceable as any "conscientious ob>
jeotor" of tho last. war. And while
he is in prison, he Is visited by his
old friend tho devil, who endeavors'
out of the goodness of his heart, to
shew him a few truths. For instance,
he quarrels with Fra Giovanni's acquiescence In his approaching martyrdom: "Mon are intensely sensitive to the sounds that tho Ups utter;
they will lot themselves bo killed ior
the sakJ of words that are devoid
of meaning." And that night the
monk had a dream; ho saw,tbe moat
beautiful rose-window such as churches havo, that he had ever seen. And
therein was depleted in every possible shade and hue, multitudes of
figures of all classes and and from all
ages; and each ono boro a device.
These devices wero all difforont and
most of thom wero contradictory, but
they were all "truths". And thon
our monk heard a voico which declared: "Whatsoever a man has
thought or believed in his brief life-
time is a parcel of this 'infinite tru h'
knaves, who mako the mass of mankind, particlpato ln somo sort in that
—even   the   maxims   of   fools   and
In Making Stand Against Employers Not Paying a Fair
■jllORE than a year ago, the Carpen-
tors' unions oncluded an agreement with the Contractors' association
for an increase of wages from $6.50
to $7 a day, to take effect on the
first day of June. 1924.
Clause 3 of this agreement reads as
follows: The minimum rate of wages
from June 1st, 1924, shall not be less
than 87% cents per hour, and shall
hold good without change until May
1st, 1925, In case of either the Contractors' associations or the Joint carpenters organizations wishing to open
up the guestion of wages, notice of
such intention shall be given by either
party at least 30 days prior to May
31st, 1925.
The contractors engaged on work
for the dominion government not being members of the Contractors' association did not put the Increase into
effect immediately, and this caused
some dissention amongst the contractors The fair wages officer was appealed to, and he .declared for the $7
rate as from August 15th, 1924.
On September 15th, 1924. the Oeneral Contractors' association notified
the carpenters that the wages would
be cut to $6.50 a day (in spite of
the agreement) and some of them
put the cut into effect right away.
At that time both the dominion and
the provincial departments of labor
stated that the contractors had violated their agreement.
Last fall the contractors asked the
dominion fair wages officer to take
another survey of the district and the
fair wages officer gave his ruling for
¥6.50 a day. A weok or so later the
provincial department of labor made
a survey and decided that $7 was the
rate being paid, and, in our opinion, at no time since Juno 1st, last,
has more than 50-% of the carpenters been working for $6,50 a day,
The last survey of the dominion department of labor ls about two months
old and certainly cannot bo taken to
apply to conditions today.
In view of the fact that a majority
of the Carpenters in the district have
boen getting $7 per day since June
1st, last, and also remembering that
the Genoral Contractors' association
who made the agreement wero tho
first to cut the wagea and that the
majority of men working for con
tractors outside the association aro
today getting the %1 rate, the carpenters feel quite Justified in making a
stand at the present time against
those contractors who are not paying
a fair wage.
RojwrtB From Russia
T. A, Barnard, the popular book
seller of Nanalmo, has Just received
a number of official reports of the
British Trade Union delegates to
Russia. The book contains 234 pages
with illustrations and maps, tho price
for which, post froe, ls $1.50.
Decides That C. I. P, Shall Not
Have Power to Form
Local Branches.
Efforts To Be Made to Contest
Every Seat in B. 0. in
Federal Election.
-T*HE second annual convention of'
the Canadian Labor Party
opened at 3 o'clock on Saturday, May,
2nd, In the Holden building, with:
about fifty delegates present.
The delegates represented industrial
and political labor organizations In
The only delegates from outside
Greater Vancouver were delegate McCormlck from New Westminster, and
Jack Logie, representing the Summer-
land local of the Federated Labor
The first discussion took place on
the seating of delegates from the city
wards and South Vancouver that were
organized as groups of the Canadian
Labor Party. It was held that the
parties being formed in violation of
the constitution were not eligible as
After some discussion the delegates
were seated.
Several amendments and additions
to the constitution were recommended
by the executive. These were then
taken up seriatim. It was soon apparent that a difference of opinion
existed among the delegates as to
what the composition and function
of the party was to be. This was
referred to the resolution committee.
The convention adjourned at 6 p.
m, to meet again on Sunday morning at 10 a. m.
The clause refered to the resolution commltte was then taken up and
it was finally decided that the party
will consist of its affiliated units and
shall not have the power to form
local branches of tho Canadian Labor
Party. But there Is nothing to prevent groups in any locality to form
local 'organizations and afillate with
the C. L .P. if they cannot see their
way clear to form a branch of any of
the existing political labor parties.
The aftornoon session on Sunday
was taken up with discussion of various resolutions.
A recommendation from the executivo that every effort bo made to con-
tost every seat in the provinco in thc
coming fedoral election was concurred In,
W. H. Cottrell was re-elected chairman. Delegate F. A. Hoover, R. H.
Neelands, and J. Ftynn were elected to
the executive board for the Lower
Mainland. Four others to be appointed from the rest of the Province,
Delegate John Sidaway. of the Street
Railwaymen was elected -secretary-
The poor fools who fetter thc
limbs of freedom's martyrs do not
know that the spirit of liberty can
not be confined with chains.—Wai
tor Hurt.
Anniversary Number
The "Third Anniversary Number"
of tho British Columbian Musician
appoars tbls week. Ernest C. Millar,
editor; Edward Jamieson, managing
editor, and Fred Fletcher, advertising
manager, had tho work in charge, and
they certainly made a good job of
It. Tho letter press Is all that could
be desired by the musicians and their
hosts of friends. The paper contains
16 pnges and is liberally patronized
by advertisers, which makes this popular trades union journal look prosperous, boing well printed In photo
brown Ink,
Only a few days agi I was where
thoy wrench the precious metnls
from tho miserly clutch of tho rocks.
When I saw the mountnlns, treeless,
shrubless, flowerless, without even a
spire of grass, It scorned to me that
gold had the same effect upon the
country that holds it as upon the
man who Uvea and labors only for It.
It affects tho land as if does tlio
man. It leaves the hoart barren,
without a flower of kindness, without a blossom of pity.—Ingersoll.
The oppressor Is a waster and a destroyer, and tho righteous man is one
who bulldeth up-—Syrian proverb.
What is difficulty? Only a word,
indicating the degree of strength requisite for accomplishing particular
objects; a mere notice of the necessity for exertion; a bugbear to children and fools; only a stimulant to
Thc war . . . betwoen privilege and
the people is tbo soul of all revolutions and the formula of history.-—
i. ••->•--»':•■■*--• • • ••••••«• ..a-a-a-a-a-a-a-a'-a-
[By Our Peripatetic Pagan]
VjR. GUINNESS In the British house
of commons (referring to the
Gold Standard bill) said: "There Is
no fear of rise In bank rates or In
prices as has been intimated by some
of the labor members." Isn't there?
Well, the concensus of opinion not
only of labor members but of those of
other political views that prices will
soar, and that the burden of the
thing will be on the worker as usual.
The fact is the whip of the moneybags of Wall Street Is behind lt all.
• • * .
In an article on "What Gold Standard Really Is," by F. Britten Austin,
he says: "Forced restoration is a
menace to industry and may entail'
much damage. It is Intolerable that
British industry should at any moment be suddenly and arbitrarily
strangled just because American industry Ib booming and therefore competing for credits," And this and
similar criticisms from an article in
the Sunday Pictorial—no labor paper.
* *    *
The choke of the capitalist is tightening and what the Mldases demand
has to be. Here is a paragraph on
this subject which has been kept very:
close from the British public and the
world in general by the careful tact
of the British press. This is what
Lloyd George speaking on the Dawes
report said last year: "Agreement
would never have been reached with- j
out the brusque and brutal intervention of international bankers. They
swept statesmen, politicians, priests
and journalists, all on one side, and
Issued their orders with the lmperl-
ness of absolute monarchs who
knew that there was no appeal from
their ruthless decress. This settle*
ment Is the Joint ukase of King Dollar and King Stirling."
* *    *
The House of Peers (or whatever
is the proper name for lt) of Japan
are hot on the trail of all socialist
and radical propaganda and have
passed a Peace Preservation act. It
Is suggested that If you agree with
the strangling of an Infant as the
most efficacious method of keeping
It quiet, you'll get the Idea of what
this particular act means.
* *    •
Among the books "Forward's" book
man hopes to review avo: "Tho Immorality of Socialism," by Colonel
and Mrs Dennlston; and "How to
Breed Yellow Feathers on Red Parrots," by J. H Thomas, M. P.
* *    *
Our own particular Vancouver
luminary In Its Issues of the 5th tells
us In nn editorial that "The British
Government will Co-operate with
other European countries to flght
communistic propaganda, and It is
most emphatic that it Is a flght that
cunnot be neglected, because communism as It exists in Russia is the
one thing that can wreck white civilization, . . and the best way to cure
the disease is with weapons of eugenics that will not permit those inferior
children bound to be tainted with the
bolshevistic mind to bo born at all."
So! What about the tainted corrupt
capitalist classes of Britain and else
where? What treatment should -_
sane socialistic majority deal out to
them? They have robbed, filched,
terrorized and tortured the struggling
worker for centuries.
* ♦    *
Phillip Snowden bas a  few caustic
remarks on the real burdens of In
dustry. Note this: "Tho cost of bringing goods from Manchester to London
fs just double the cost from Germany
to Manchester via- London; bul. of
courso, profits must be made to pay
Indications of Efficiency and Extravagance—Duplex of Staffs
for Commons and Senate.
Three Sets of Officials and Three
Groups of Equipment All for
One Purpose.
TN Ottawa we see on every side indications of inefficiency and" extravagance. The other day Mr. W.
F. MacLean spoke incidently of the
duplex staffs for tho house of commons and the senate.
'Coming in the center door of the
parliament buildings, under the tower,
what do I see? Duplex post offices,
double-manned with two postmasters
and two deputy postmasters—one for
the house and one for the senate—
and double sorters in the two offices.
Further, a duplex system of accountancy and a battery of timekeepers
members and senators, and a
double Etaff of writers of Indemnity
cheques for the two houses, also duplicate barber shops, duplicate Hansard staffs, and duplicate messenger
Such duplication Is by no means
confined to the capital. A Uttle earlier in the session Mr. Shaw of Calgary,  illustrated  the  situation:
"Take the important public service
of dredging. That was carried on two
years ago by three departments of
government, the public works department, the marine and fisheries department, and the railways and canals department. Each department has
certain jurisdiction in the St. Lawrence river. The St. Lawrence hip
channel, the middle of that river, up
and down, Is dredged by the marlnt
and fisheries department. From the
boundaries of the channel to the
boundaries of the river on either side
the dredging Is done by the public
works department; whereas the harbors are dredged by the railways and
canals department.
"I have heard that these three departments met at Port Nelson on Hudson bay to do dredging up there. Each
found themselves armed with author
ity from thefr department, and each
department refused to let the other
department do the work, and tho result was that tbe work was not done
that year. I do not know what truth
is In that statement, but In any event
tho example I have given will Illustrate my point, Here are three departments with three sets of officials
and three groups of equipment, all
for the one purpose of dredging. Why
should not one department alone be
charged with that service?
Only lhe triumph of socialism can
render accessible to the proletariat all
tho sources of culture. Only the
triumph of socialism can make possible the reduction of the hours of
work to such a point that the working-
mnn can enjoy leisure enough to acquire adequate knowledgo. Tho capitalist system of production weakens
the proletarian's desire for knowledge;
the socialist system alone can satisfy
it.—Karl Kautsky. •
dividends,   so   let   British   Industries
An old souk of my youth went:
"Have You In trod mod Your Donah
to Your PaI?">This is not quito the
point, but, have you Introduced tho
"Fed." to your shop-mate, friend or
acquaintance, If not—woll today's
Friday, "Fed." dayi
goneral   nnd   universal   Truth—which
is absolute, everlasting and divine."
Anatule France concludes hi
strange talo by making tho Princo
of Darkness contrive the monk's escape I'm in prison, , , nnd his full
entry Into life. So tbat ho learns to
appreciate what ho has never appreciated boforo, tho cool sweet air,
(ho fruitful valley and those who pooplo It.
And to the archangel, who hns given him happiness and unhappinoss
thus, ho says, ln conclusion: "You
are my misery, my prido, my joy, and
my sorrow; tho splendor nnd lho
cruolty of things created, For verily
your prom Iho in the Garden, ln tho
dawn of tho world's days, was not
vain, and I havo lasted tlio fruit of
knowledgo of good and evil, O Satan."
Get on the Voters' List
MONDAY, MAY 18, 1925
See That Your Name Is On the List, As This May Be Your Last Chance
Before the Federal General Elections
ONE WOULD THINK that it would be needless advice to give to tlie general publio, to
urge upon tliem the need of seeing that their names appear on the voters' list. It is,
however, such an essential feature in thc politieal life of our country that wc urge it once
again without an apology. Unless your name appears upon such lists you arc deprived of
expressing your wishes on election day.
The economic burden that the great masses of humankind are being called upon to
bear during these trying times, should bc such as to impress upon even the most thoughtless among us, thc importance of our taking a more intelligent interost in the manner in
which wc are governed. Wc have allowed others whose interests, by the way, are quite at
variance with our own, to govern us and then we wonder why tliis country of ours is not
troating us more considerately. The trouble is not with our country, Thc trouble is with
lhe average voter. When onc sees the apathy and indiiTercnoe displayed by the average
worker, men and women alike, one would bc amazed if the result were any different from
what it is. Intelligence is a fundamental necessity, and until it is displayed, to a greater
extent than it hns been in thc past, wc have lit'Lle reason for hoping Cor any great social
We therefore urge upon every man and woman who might be eligible to east a vote
to see to it that their names are on the voters' list. If you arc nol willing to take the
trouble that might bc entailed by so doing then you have not tho slightest reason to complain of the many injustices that are being heaped upon your bead. _\len and women, give
this matter tho serious consideration that it rightly deserves. Write us and we will gladly
give you all the information you need upon sueh matters. Other elections will doubtless be
coming along ere long. So far ms we in thc Labor movoment are concerned, let us bc up and
doing, and not bc found napping any longer.   REGISTER NOW.
What Would People Do to Give
Everybody Work—-Would
Make Matters Worse.
From  Eaoh  According  to  His
Abilities—To Each According to His Services.
[By J. C. Harris]
i"\NE of the commonest, as well as
•t«t.'t***"*"*"t~<i <-.*••-•*■•<»•• •*■>•*.•* ••.*■.. tn a <-«. «.**•*.«.. i
one of the most curious objections
that Is made to the idea of making
everybody work, Is the question: What
would the people work at? It Is usually accompanied with the statement
that there is not enough work already and to try to give everybody
work would only make matters worse.
What a topsy turvey state of society and what distorted views of
human problems do such criticisms
disclose! The fierce competition for
a Job, tho terror of unemployment, the
decletfulness of riches, have so upset
the Intelligence of vast numbers of
our citizens that this thought flashes
to their minds, and they actually believo L_.*zt a person doing useful work
Is an enemy. Moreover, the Idea Is so
deep rooted, and so natural under our
competitive system, that it presents
a very real problem to answer It satisfactorily.
We have grown so used to our parasites, so accustomed to carrying a
great load' of useless people; that the
average person falls to recognize them
for the blood-suckers that they are.
This can be well illustrated by our
politicians. There will scarcely be a
conservative speech made in the forthcoming election, In which the liberal
government will not be vigorously denounced for having far too large a
number of civil servants. If the conservatives get ln, we shall see the
liberals begin using exactly the same
arguments. Both sides are conscious
of the heavy taxes, and pretend that
they will reduce the government staffs
If they get in power; but both sides
are oblivious of the fact that too many
lawyers, or too many storekeepers,
or too many commercial travellers,
flre just as oxponsive and juat as big
a burden on the working population as
an equal number of civil servants.
This groat burden of the parasite
hangs over us all, though most are
utterly unconscious of it, or at best
seo only a portion of it. The progressives see that tho Canadian manufactures are living on the rest of the
citizens; they do not soe very clearly
that if under free trade they got im
plements and supplies cheaper, and
farming becamo more prosperous,
that the price of land and rents, etc..
would go up, and the land lord parasite would absorb, what tho manufacturers had been forced to disgorge.
Wo fruitgrowers are hardly em
ploying nny labor; thore ls certainly
plenty of work that noeds to be done
on most of tho farms, but we dare not
risk any outlay—past experience has
been too bitter. Our fruit goes out,
but too often little or nothing has
como buck, I did have a hat that
cost me forty-oighi boxes of apples;
you will imagine thnt I wear very
expensive millinery, but you can got
just as good a hat for about $4. I
was lucky, I got a hat, lots of the
growers did not pot thut much foi- .1
car loud ol' good fruit. As produce
leaves a farm all sorts oi' greedy hands
stretch out (o grab ll. and all sorts
of smart tricks are used,'so that tbo
produce gots constantly smaller. What
is not stolon on tiie way finally reaches a consumer, wbo pays for It genorally, and gqnorally a good stiff price.
It is not unlkely tlmt the consumer
has himself stolen, or moro politely,
appropriated, the money witli which
he pays for the produce.
As a small boy wben I got In a
rago, I w.as told that monkey had got
on my back. As a man, whilst I am
working In my orchard. I am painfully aware that there are all sorts
nf human parasites crawling onto my
hack and woighlng me down. It would
not he hard to grow enough food for
I myself and also to repay the realty
useful people who assist, me by making tho clothes, machinery, Implements, etc., lhat I roqulrej But the
moro efficient we workers become, j nojj,
the moro parasites swarm and the
more they bite and suck.
We spray our fruit trees ami chick-
oil houses to got rid of pests, and the
job must he done thoroughly or ll Is
vory Utile uso. We must learn to use
tho right sort of disinfectant to gel
riil of the human posts thai are cat-
| Ing us up, and tlioro i*u only otic dls-
Infoctanl lhat win do the job thor-
oughly, li. will he death to the human
fleas, hut a tremendous relief to all
truo workors. It is to mako everybody de their share.
There is ,i tromondous lot of work
needed in Canada today. Work on
our farms, work in preserve and extend our forests, meat Irrigation projects thnt would employ thousands
in construction work, and whose effect would be to Increase the farming
produce enormously, and to support
millions in comfort. Bul wo mnoi
attempt these things whilst tho workers have to carry n ureal load of para-
Oovernments Are Executive Committee of Prevailing Ruling
or Capitalistic Classes.
Press Creates Furore in Europt
Over Governments' Activities
on May Day.
[By John Plckenshovel]
'THOSE who have made a scientific
study of politics have Ions; since
arrived at the conclusion that govern*
ments are but the executive committee
of the prevailing ruling class. Just
to Illustrate this, we have a recent
announcement in the press of another
seizure of Doukhobor property by the
provincial authorities. On this occasion it poles and railway ties, that is
seized. Of course, the provincial
government has no use for ties, ex*
cept they be for the best "waggon
road" ln the province—the P. Q. E.
They will of course, sell them to th*
the railway companies. It bo happens, the Douks Intended to do the
same thing. They were engaged at
cutting ties for the railways at so
much per tie. Now the government
comes along and confiscates them.
Naturally, it is not a Bolshevik government that Is doing the confiscating in this case. It ls the same government that is raising a hue and
cry about the railroads am) freight
rates. Of course, that ls the smoke
screen created to camouflage the people into thinking that it Ib fighting the
railroad companies. The facts are.
the government can see a way of selling the ties cheaper to the companies
than the Doukhobors would have got
for them. It is not exactly a cause
of "scabbing"—for even a scab will
work for his wages. It la, however,
analogous to the holding up of a
workman on his way home from work
and taking his wages away from him.
Atl the government now has to do
with the Douks is to take the clothes
off their backs, and they have them
cleaned proper. If such behaviour is
in accordance with "justice." and the
"maintaining of the honor and dignity
of the law," then the victims of euch
an outrage on public decency, have a
vory potential argument in favrw* of
not sending their ob'Idren to school to
be "educated." Meanwhile, lhe railroads have much to be thankful for
in Uie present government.
It fs highly amusing to read in the
press, of the vagaries of those who
are urging Oriental exclusion. Dr.
Clem Davies of Victoria recently urged ns a remedy the refusing .*• purchase goods from Oriental tradesmen.
He slated that: "If sufficient people
roluse to patronize the Chinese and
Japanese, they will ultimately ho
forced from tho country." All of
which Is just pure bunkum. The Orientals were here long before thev
became a "menace" to 'he petty merchant. They were then on the labor
market ,und the inevitable result of
a policy such as tho reverent gentleman from Victoria suggests would bo
for the Oriental merchant to again
outer tho labor market in competition
with those already thero. If tho
reverend gontloman wauls a possiblo
solution, thon lei him urge that tho
Dominion government tax the C P. It.
$1000 for every Oriental they bring
into the country. If thftt wus done,
there would soon be a slop put to
Oriental immigration.
What a  furore has boon created   In
Europo  ovor  tho  communists'  activities   on   May   day.     The   pross   has
been  "boozed"  up on  it  for a week.
Tlm communists all over Europe were
according to tho "responsible" papers
that wo read daily, all loaded up with
bombs ready  for the occasion. Well
there woro bombs, alright, the police
had  them  and so did  all their stool-
pigeons. The aeroplanes hovered over
European cities ready lo drop tliem on
anything that looked like a communist
gathering.   Meetings wore broken up
by the police and other "disturbers"
of peaceful gatherings and lhe loadors   arrested.     Tbe   jails   arc   conso-
[,-n whose only crime
tivoy  ideas   (bombs)
order to tiie minds
It  is, in a manner,
the  authorities to
behind   prison  bars,
0   expected—for   the
prison bars, under
loly,   is  to   keep  tho
and  ihe capitalist
quently full of i
was trying to i
for u new sociii
of the workers,
now   fi
place snch  niei
and  this  is  to
main function
this order of s*
working  class
class out.
But despite the pn
the   ideas   of   Interna
were   bursting   with
thc  world   over.     Wl
aro   thinking  today
momentum that will
a ul Ions taken,
nml solidarity
tploslvo effoct
t the workers
i gathering a
nme day shut-
Spray early and spray often Is our
tor the chains that enslave Ihem, This
Is what the master elass fears, and,
in tho desperation born of such fears,
they will use any means that will ex-
terminate, if possible, any and all
who dare to think in iertnB of justice.
Thtt do as il may, it can neither stop
tlio workers thinking, or from crystalling their thoughts Into action,
only hope nnd do no: font with cheap
Imitation sprays.
Emm oach according to his abilities, to oach according lo his services,
is a first rate receipt! uso it, Page Two
FRIDAY May 8, 1925
British Columbia Federationist
Published every Friday by
The  Britiah   Columbia   Federationlit
Businoss and Editorial Offico,   1120 Howe 3t.
Tiie polioy ol The B. C. Foderationist is
controlled by the editorial board ol the
Federated Labor Party of British Columbia*
Subscription Rato: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions
subscribing in a body, 16c por member
por  month.
The Fedorationist is  ou salo at tbo following news stands:
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FRIDAY May 8,  1925
year by the government, seems to
us to be a camouflage of the worst
The sighted men are the only ones
receiving enough to live on, except
it be one or two of the broom-makers who are working themselves to
death to earn a possible $15 in thirty-two hours, and We look for the
manageme*!. t to make a change
whereby all these workers shall receive better pay, or else shall continue to put before the public considerable data concerning this factory, which, in our opinion, in some
cases will show heartless management and in other cases no management at all. The law allows a minimum wage for factory girls. Why
should blind men with families depending on thom be mado victims
of this broom factory, simply because
there is no law to protect them?
This paper reaches far rn.re homee
and far more business men than Is
generally supposed, and we will continue to publish facts, whether it
looks :,*ood in print or not, until the
men get Justice or the factotry is
closed and a pension given.
THE secopid annual convention of
the Canadian Labor Party, which
"met over the week-end, marks an-
other step forward In the determination of the working class to make
their influence felt in the government of the country.
While no matter of vital importance to the working class was discussed, except the questlo-n of organization, It was apparent that the delegates were keenly interested in
what should be the function of the
party, and what part it is allotted
to play in the future activities of the
workers of this province.
Ono good arising out of the convention waB the defining of the
status of the party; this b-.--i.ng done,
there is every indication that its
work can be proceeded with, with
much less friction than was the case
for the last six months.
While there was much room for
improvement, we are not at all dissatisfied or discouraged with the
routine or results of the convention.
Unlike previous conventions that
we have knowjn, thfs one was not
conspicuous by the presence of a
few outstanding personalities who
monopolized the most of the time In
discussion. On this occasion tlie discussion was well distributed among
the various delegates.
A work of colossal magnitude confronts the working class, a,nd it can
be performed by none other. Wo
would appeal to the members of the
Federated ijabor Paity to Increase
their activities in tho matter of edu
cation and organization; and we
would ask all who agree with our
principles to get into the party without delay and make your influence
felt In the labir movement. However, lf you cannot see your way
clear to join thc Federated Labor
Party, Join some working class party.
It does not benefit the labor movement any what your understanding
and knowledge of Us probloms may
be, or what ability you may have,
unless that understanding and ability
is used In co-operation with your
fellows. Numbers organized, guided
by understanding, spells success. Get
into the  fight now.
SINCE the 13, C. Fedorationist has
taken up the cause oC tho blind
men, the sweating process at the C.
N. I, B, broom factory seems to havo
been slightly modified, but tho main
point, namely, a reasonable wage for
the workers, Is entirely Ignored. Tills
factory is supposed to be established
for the benefit of tho blind mon,
Brooms made b.v blind mon are extensively advertised, and by using
tho affliction of tho men as a drawing card for the milo of their brooms,
without giving lho blind men their
share   of   tho   money   granted   oach
THE peoples of the world have had
their eyes upon Germany for
some time lately, wondering what
would be the results of the elections.
They felt that it was a race between
the reactionary element on the o,no
hand and bolshevism on tho other.
Our reactionary friends are in rather
an unpleasant position. They have
no lovo. for the "war lord." They
have constantly raised a hue and
cry against German militarism. Now,
since they feol that Germany is safe
from bolshevism for a time at least,
they give thanks that their enemy—
the chief of their onemies—is in
power again.
Of this they can rest assured, however, that Hlndenburg, nor any of
his kind, no matter from what nationality they may arise, can ever
stem the tide of humoiu progress for
any great period of time. They may
browbeat, they may kill, they may
imprison those who see the dawning
of the new day for the great masses
of the people, not alone in Germany,
but in the whole world, but they can
never stop the wheels of social progress. When the people as a wholo
have reached that stage of enlightenment whieh will enable them to see
the ridiculousness of the present social order, we can rest assured that
no one can reBist the change, not
even the mighty war horse, Hlndenburg, himself. Our reactionary friends
need find no solace there.
TN dealing with the subject of evo-
lution, we must first clearly define in our minds what evolution Is,
or we shall not be able to think hr
gically of it.  fc
Evolut'on is noither a forco nor a
principle, but tho sum total of the
series of effects produced through thc
ages by the working of law sinco
tho remote opoch when matter probably began to materialize from the
universal ether.
Noither can we deal satisfactorily
with this sum total of effects without postulating tho existence of universal and governing Mind.
The primary and fundamental principles of the whole of things would
■ seern to be Mind and ether We can
think of nothing else as being boundless, omnipresent and eternally -absolute. Wo cannot imagine their creation, so must consider them as eternal
facts, that Is, without beginning and
without end.
To the finite mind this, at first, is
a difficult conception; yet it is more
difficult still, indeed absolutely impossible to imagine their creation.
We cannot imagine an empty universe nor a universe with limits ln
space, and can think of nothing except Mind and ether as entirely pervading it.
While we can logically speak of
the quantity of matter, force and energy in the universe, we cannot thus
limit even in our thoughts the fundamental, eternal realities of Mind and
ether. As we cannot think of a limited space, neither can we limit, in our
thoughts the things which occupy
that space.
From this fundamental and dual
existence, We must believe that all
things, conceived by the senses, have
evolved and, though those senses reveal to us only an infinitesimal fraction of the things which exist, and
those only dimly, we must accept
them as sure guides, as far as they
go, and rely upon reason and Imagination for the rest.
Of these two fundamental realities,
Mind Is the active and governing principle, and we must never lose sight
of this fact in any en,deavor to trace
the creative methods. It has adopted
through the unnumbered ages occupied thus far in the mighty scheme
of things.
Above all we cannot think of evil
associated with these eternal realities
evil being, like pain and sorrow, but
a passing phenomenon connected with
the present phase of man's incomplete
mental and moral development; just
as the passing forms we associate with
life are but transitory shadows that
flit and fret upon the world's stage
^through their ephemeral existence, as
A Dirge of Mother Earth
0! weary was the waiting,
And dreary was the waiting,
For the dawn, for the dawn,
When molten I was shaking
And every fibre quaking,
Through the vapors' frenzied whirling,
That fierce and frantic swirling,
In thc mad days I was born.
My thoughts were deep and thrilling,
My heart with rapture filling,
In the dawn, in the dawn,
When chaotic fires abating,
And eternal Love creating,
In that age of weary waiting,
Thc mystic life pulsating,
And man, my child, was born.
The azure waters flowing,
The green earth greener growing,
All treasures great and glowing,
The breezes warmly blowing,
My sons' bright heritage.
But God all gifts in granting
Witli wondrous life enchanting
Placed ban against self-serving,
Those gifts for all conserving,
A common heritage.
But tin; ages quickly flying,
And my sons thc law defying,
Brought me woe, brought me woe;
For the few those treasures craving
And thcir brothers all enslaving
Brought me woe, brought me woe;
For tlie selfish, hell-born robbing
And the sore and constant sobbing
Brought me woe, brought me woe;
The pnin of broken law prevailing,
Through thc ages never failing,
Brought me woe, brought mc woe.
For my sons thc law defying
Made sin and sorrow, pain and sighing,
My wide lands o'er:
War's foul brood the green earth staining
Famine at the leash e'er straining,
Pestilence forever gaining,
Strength on every shore.
Bear God, but teach my sons, defying,
That Thy law brooks no denying,
Demanding ever strict complying:
Gifts of bounteous love abusing,
In that path of their own choosing,
They shull find but pain and bruising,
For evermore, for evermore.
And O! weary is thc wailing,
And 0! dreary is the wailing,
Foi1 the gladdening re-dawn,
Whon my children wiser waking
And their foul bonds quickly breaking
Shall respond to soul returning,
Beep thoir hoarls with fervour burning,
Free and fearless and reborn.
mately in man himself? Only surely
on the assumptions that prescient
Mind endowed the latter, at the hour
of creation, with a greater power of
If   each   of   these   eight,.distinct
stages of existence noted jn the first
countless   myriads   have   flitted   and   flve weeks oC Prenatal life, represents
fretted before our time, and as count: Ian ancient adult life of the organism;
less myriads more will flit and fret
till the whole scheme of things has
evolved to Its perfection and eternal
mind serene and triumphant shall reveal its mysteries.
While the theory of evolution has
not solved nor attempted to solvo any
of the mysteries, yet it has conferred
a great blesing upon the human race
as it has revealed the processes to
some extent of eternal Mind, and given tho mind of man a long and logical
miracle to contemplate In place of
the fairy-tale miracles which occupied
it before the conception of the theory.
Tracing back tho history of our
solar system in theory our first conception of It consists of a vast mass
of attenuated gas, suspended in space,
Which in the course g£ time slowly
condensed and, heat being generated,
it evolved into glowing vapor, and
ultimately into a molten sphere, having in the meantime thrown off
through violent erruptlons or centrifugal force, portions which afterwards
formed the planets.
'Till a better theory is presented to
us, we must accept this explanation,
for we are confronted with the undoubted facts, that tho mass of our
earth exists, that it was once molten
and ls, undoubtedly, with the exception of its crust, molten to this day.
All this is not very clear to the
imagination, but as we proceed, and a
cooling earth presents Itself, divided
into land and water, tho picture becomes clearer; and now something
happens which.fllls us with reverential
awe, something beyond reason and
imagination to grasp—-the appearance
of life. It has been suggested that
it made its appearance associated with
the simplest form of living matter we
know, the singlo cell; and if that be
so its appearance was a distinct creation, a momentous miraclo, which can
only be explained by the existence of
creative mind.
To this we must hold even if the
first pulse of life appeared in some
elementary, structureless form of
matter, which afterwards developed
into the comparatively complex unicellular organism.
The mystery can only be explained by the hypothesis of a distinct
creation by enternal Mind.
After tbe primal appearance of life,
the subsequent developments are explicable only on the hypothesis of the
operations not only of creative mind
but also prescient Mind.
The flrst thing to notice ls the appearance of two distinct forms of life,
at first barely distinguishable, but
ultimately to develop into quite distinct forms, that is, the vegetable and
animal organisms.
When we consider the higher form,
the animal kingdom is entirely dependent either directly or indirectly
upon the lower form, we can trace
the working of this prescient Mind in
the long and logical miraclo we are
By no other hypothesis can we explain these two distinct forms of life.
Also when wo consider that somo of
the primal forms of life have remained In tlieir flrst simple appearance,
mere cells, through all the ages of
development while othors have developed into tho complex organisms
as we know them today, and considering also that these lowly forms of Ufe
play an indispensable part in the
working of the whole scheme, as for
Instance, the functioning of bacteria
In the soil, It becomes evident to the
most obtuse inteltect that prescient
Mind has directed, tho whole of this
long and logical creation.
We must assume that varying potentialities were endowed in the primal cells as we cannot account by
any process of logic, for some developing into complex boings and others
retaining through the ages their primal form, and these varying potentialities, wo can only ascribe to the
presence and operation of prescient
and governing Mind.
Tho next unsolvable mystery that
presents itself in both forms of life,
Is thc dual mystery of sex, the two
distinct life principles each depen-
ent on tho other for fulfilment. There
Is no explanation to be suggested for
this dual mystery, but as we see this
dual principle exhibited in other ways,
as. for instanre. in electrical phenomena, It mny bo that in tbo Innermost
and undiscovered recesses of Nature
there may bo a connection, yet undreamed of, but which may ultimately
be revealed lo us.
In considering tho truth of th
theory of evolution, as thore nre still
interested people nnd automatic thinkers who pretend to, and do honestly
question It, we can dismiss from tho
argument similarity of structure as
being merely a corroborative but not
a convincing support.
But when we review tho amazing
facts revealed by the embryologist we
see at onco why its opponents are
loft without a shred of logical argument In thoir favor. What possible
explanntloi) can bo offered, except
that of the evolutionist, for the
nlficnnt forms of prenatal existence
exhibited in all animal life? Added
to this thc significance of useless
vestigial remains mny well leave the
opponent of tho thoory pale and
dumb. Thore Is only one deduction lo
be drawn from sueh premises.
Wo road that lbe embryologist has
discovered that, during tho (Irst fivo
woeks of prenatal life, the embryo
passes through eight distinct changes
of fnrm. each being representor
among (be living organisms today
but whloh hns become "fixed and settled in Us hnblts and organization.''
How cnn we possibly nceount for
some organisms stopping permanently
nt a certain stage of development,
J whilo others developed Into higher
and  higher  forms,   culminating  ull 1-
lias embryology no record of the intermediate forms between these distinct stages, or are we to number
them as innumerable "missing links"
or to.assume that there was a "suddon leap" between these appearances?
In either case we must acknowledge
order, prescience and creative power.
Mere chance could have played no
part In such a development for development implies order and design.
In some cases It seems that the theory of a "sudden leap" is, so far, the
only explanation that can be advanced
to account for the developments. And
here again, as a "sudden leap" is a
species of creation wo must acknowledge, and bow our heads to creative
and prescient Mind, the almighty $.$.
chitect and builder of the Universe,
In conclusion, let us acknowledge
with gratitude and gladness, tho dobt
we owe to Darwin, Wallace, and the
old pioneers in tbe science of evolution; also to the later biologists and
embryologlsts, who aro completing
their work for these geniuses have
revealed to us the order, the beauty
and the magnitude of the work of
creative Mind, which work, while firing the Imagination, convinces tho
reason, leaving no jarring doubts or
puzzling difficulties of faith in which
to founder.
[Note—As many enquiries reach
this offlce from time to time, the editor will reserve space to deal with
Buch matters, under the above heading. Communications addressed to
Notes and Queries Editor" will be
handled as quickly as space permits.
W. S. KING: Unemployment iB
terribly high in Vancouver at present. We have heard 25,000 given as
the figure. Stilt the fresh-comerB
stream in!
J. LLOYD: (a) According to Tom
Johnstone, M.P., Dundee, there are
five millions of acreB out of a total
of nineteen millions devoted entirely
to sport; that between 1920 and
1924 the number of acres under arable cultivation decreased by 107,-
121. The above refer to Scotland
and apply to your enquiry, (b) We
have no references accessible to figures you ask.
S. ROBB: The Riff tribesmen ore
most certainly worthy of sympathy.
The robbery of lands and wholesale
murdering of native populations will
brlnK a terrible karma in due season
to tho white races who hnva enacted these doings, and they all have.
means send us in some of your
verse. We socialists need for the
cause vigorous poetry and stirring
POLL TAX: Goodness only knows
where this taxation will end, but'be
sure the unfortunate worker is tho
qpe who pays. The remedy, stir
yourself; see you neighbor, your
uncles, cousins, aunts, all people you
know; let their opinions be felt at
all elections, then we will alter
Oil'1 word won't tell folks who you are,
You've got to keep on talking.
One step won't take you very far,
You've got to keep on walking:
An Inch won't make you vory tall,
You've got to keep on growing;
One little ad. wont do nt all,
You've got to keep them going.
A constant drop of water
Wears away the hardest stone;
Masticates tho toughesj: bone;
The constant cooing lover
Carries off the blushing maid;
And the constant advertiser
s the one that gets the trade.
—Winnipeg Weekly News
The working class is the only class
which is not a class. It Is the nation
it represents, so to speak, the body as
a whole, of which the other classes
only represent special organs.—Fred
eric Harrison.
There are 20,788 public elementary
schools ln England and Wales.
DEAF?    Deaf?
NOW you can mingle with your frienda without that embarrassment whieh
overy deaf person suffers. Now tou can take your place in tho social cosiness worlds to which your talentB ei_ Uie you, and from which your affliction
hns in some measure excluded you.
Inasmuch as over 500,000 users have testified to tho wonderful results obtained
from the- "Acoustlcon," we feol perfectly safe in urging evory deaf person,
without a penny of expense, to accept the
"ACOUSTICON" 1.1, _r'
616 Hastings Struct West, Vancouver, B.O.
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed ls accepted by the management.]
As To Compulsory Labor
Editor B. C. Federationist: In your
Issue of April 17th appears an article by J. C. Harris on "Compulsory
Labor." I have read the article
twice, but am not very sure as to
what Mr. Harris ia driving at.
His plan seems to be for the nation (we suppose he means the government) to keep accounts with every citizen In order that everyone
shall do his fair share of necessary
work. If this be so, we would like
to ask Mr. Harris what is necessary
work? Almost every man would have
a different answer to that question.
Is stock-jobbing necessary work, or
gold mining, or grave digging, or
preaching, or making ta-ncy dog collars? Mr. Harris niight think they
are. Tlie writer thinks they are not.
Grave-diggers and dog fanciers might
say, "Some is and some isn't."
On the other hand, many people
would argue that brewing booze is
not only necessary, but one of the
basic industries. He might make this
point clear.
For ten years, Mr. Harris says, he
has been advocating these ideas of
compulsory labor, which have been
received with the "dreadful fate of
silence." This can only mean that
the world at lnrge Is afraid of Mr.
Harris or they have been ignoring
He complains that the Fabian society misunderstood his views when
tbey said tbat it was impossible to
make men work efficiently by force.
His answer to that is; "We do not
need to make men work efficiently,
but sufficiently." That is, apparent*
ly, what we need ls not quality, but
quantity. Compulsory production of
a certain quantity of work by everybody, whether good, bad or Indifferent. I can hardly think this is his
doctrine, and- would appreciate very
much if he would give a brief statement in a few sentences as to what
he Is driving at. If this is not clear
to us, he can then enlarge upon any
point at Issue.
Vancouver, B.C., May 7, 1925.
The wise man is the State. Ho
needs no nrmy, fort, or navy—he
loves men too well.—Emerson.
When nn occasion is piled high
with difficulty, we must rise to the
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619-623 Hastings Street Weit
—Especlnlly on original envelopes; do not
detach, but send entire envelope by registered mail to Adolbort Porter, Santa Ana,
THOSE individuals, or groups,
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' 'I sincerely believo Miss Bourn-
koya'p voice to bo ojio of the greatest of tho age."—Tito Schlpa. "I
consider her one of the greatest Oar-
menB." — Mme. D' AJvares. ' 'Her
Vancouvor concert Bhould be a great
success."—Rosa Ponsella. "At the
Metropolitan Opera ahe Bang wltb
tremendous success tho role of Carmen. She should please you all very
much."—Edward Johnson.
=?   '
The world Ib an assembly where
many work for profit, many for gain,
and where there are but few who,
despising avarice and vanity, study
nature.—Pythagaros (682-600 B. C).
Boost for
The Fed.
Phone Stymour 2354
IVTEW night ratos aro
now in force for longdistance conversations between 8:30 p.m. and 7
B. 0. Telephone Company
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1065 Commercial Driva. Vancouver, B. 0.
*T*HE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
•t  of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both  •
at home and abroad.
Established 50 Years
•■' FRIDAY May 8, 1926
Page Three
We Are'Now Selling the
From the old WAKESIAH
SEAM. This coal is far
superior to any mined on
Vancouver Island today,
having More Heat, Less
Ash, and contains No Eoek,
No Shale and No Clinkers.
If this coal is not satisfactory in overy respect your
money will be cheerfully refunded.
A Trial Will Convince
Every Consumer
Leslie Coal
Co. Ltd.
Phone Sey. 7187
Department of Labor Indicates
a Decline ;u Trade Union
SEALED TENDERS, addressed to tbo
Purchasing Agent, Detriment of
Publio Works, Oltuwn, will bu received
by him until 12 o'clock noon (daylight
caving), Thursday, May 14, 1925, for the
supply of conl for tho Dominion Buildings
and Experimental Farms and Stations
throughout the Provinces of Manitoba, I
Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbin,  and at  Kenora,  Ontario.
Forms of tender with specifications and
conditions attached can bo obtained from
G, W, Dawson, Purchasing Agent, De- I
partment of Public Works, Ottawa; J. E.
Cyr, Supt. of Dominion Buildings, Wlnnt-,
peg, Man.; H. E. Matthews, District Res-,
ident Architect, Winnipeg, Man.; G. J,
Stephenson, District Resident Architect,
Regina, Sask.; J. M. Stevenson, District
Resident Architect. Calgary; J. 0. Wright,
Supt. of Public Buildings, Vancouver, B,
O.j J. Q. Brown, District Resident Architect, Victoria, B. C, and from the Superintendents of Experimental Farms and
Stations, and tho Caretakers of the various Dominion Btlildings in the Bald Provinces, outside of Winnipeg, Regina, Calgary, Vancouvor and Victoria.
Tenders  will  not  he   considered unless
made on theae forms.
The right te demand from the successful tenderer s deposit, not exceeding
10 per cent, of the value of the contract, to secure the proper fulfilment of
the contract, is reserved.
By order,
Department ot Publie Works,
Ottawa, April 20, 1926.
SEALED TENDERS, addressed to tho undersigned, will bo recoived by the
Council up to 8 ii.in. on Monday, May llth
ind., for paving and curbing on tho following  streets:
44th   Avenue—East   Boulevard   to   Maple
Angus Avenue to Oranvllle
Expenditure for Union Benefits
Less Than in 1923—Other
THE Information published l,o the
fourteenth annual report on labor
organization in Canada, covering the
calendar year 1924, which has Just
been issuod by the department of
labor, shows that the trade union
system in the Dominion is mado up
of four groups, aa follows: (1) Local
branches of international organizations having headquarters in the
United States; (2) non-international
bodies with headquarters ln Canada;
(3) independent trade union units,
and (4) national and Catholic unions, The only class of unions to
show an increaso was that comprising the Independent units, the number of which Increased by nine, and
the reported membership by 1967.
The three remaining classes of local
branch unions had decreases as follows: (1) International, 45 branches
and 1862 members; (2) non-international, 10 branches and 12,551
members; (3) .national and Catholic,
12 unions and 5000 members. These
figures show a total loss of 58 in
branches and 17,44!) in members,
the aggregate membership of all
classes of trade unions in Canada at
the close of 1924 being 260,643, comprised in 2429 branches. There are
89 international organizations operating in Canada, five less than the
number in 1923, with 2034 branches,
and a combined membership of 201,-
981,   representing   approximately   78
Encouraging Sign
TT WIIjp be of more than passing interest to the many
•*• labor adherents in this province to know that, in one
section at least, there is a very active interest being taken
in the movement.
The South "West Burnaby branch of the Federated
Labor Party are about to build a small hall, suitable for
their requirements, and yet within their financial reach.
They believe in that old saying: "Be it ever so humble,
there is no place like home." In the past they have been
having to hold their meetings in empty stores or such other
buildings as might be available from time to time. Under
such circumstances, it is exceedingly hard to build up any
movement, and it speaks well for those who have this
section of the movement in their keeping to think that
they have gotten on so well as they have.
All labor necessary to construct the building will be
donated by those interested, and the only money required
will be for the necessary material. Here is a worthy objective, and one that every labor man, who can possibly
assist, should be anxious and willing to contribute his fair
share to. It is a start in the right direction. When this
one is put over, many others will follow in their footsteps.
Any comrades who feel they can assist in any way
should communicate with the treasurer of this branch,
Comrade H. S. Bate, 2137 Royal Oak Avenue, Burnaby,
t     via New Westminster, B. C.
Final Bill at Tho Orpheum
Starting Thursday of this week, the
Orpheum is presenting its last vaudeville bill of the present season It
will prove to be a programme of
unusual features, -sevqn star acts,
and will run twice "daily, Thursday,
Friday and Saturday. Under a new
summer policy, the Orpheum will
open on Monday," May 18, with "The
Chocolate Soldier," played by the
Brandon opera company, which will
be seen in an extensive repertoire
standard light fljttd comic operas,
changing weekly, for the ensuing
twelve weeks.
The, final vaudeville bill features
J.:ne and Katherine Lee, two fascinating youngsters who are known as
the baby grands" of vaudeville.
Also featured is Al. Herman, that
blackface comedian, who is k,nown
all over the big time as "the black
laugh." Next in featured place is
Mies Venita Gould, clever /nuslcal
enmedy star and a leader In the speciul line of impersonation. Six English Tivoll girls assist Edw. Stanis-
ioff and Grade in a beautiful dancing act called "Gypsy Wanderers."
The Arco brothers supply an interlude more alqpg athletic UneB, whilo
Clark, Morrell and company will
have a pleasing skit replete with
musical trimmings for the delight of
patrons. A seventh surprise act is
also Included, and the splendid bill
concludes with attractive pictures
and the Orpheum concert orchestra.
45th Avemu
Aden Street—45th Avenuo to 49th Avenue,
Markham Street—33rd Avenuo to 87th
Forms of tender, specifications and full
information may be obtained on application
to tho Municipal Ennineer on payment of
tho sum of $5.00, which will bo returned
on receipt of a buna flde tender.
A deposit by certified chequo of ten (10)
per cent, of tho amount tendered will bo
required with each tender as security that
the tenderer will, if called upon, enter Into
. a contract, and provide the required bond
for the performance of tho work,
Tho lowest or any tender not necessarily
Municipal Hall, 5851 West Boulevard, Vancouver,   B.C., May 4th, 192,r-
per cent, of the total of all classes
of organized workers Identified with
trade union bodies; the number of
non-international organizations remain at 17, and between them they
have 268 local branches, comprising
a membership of 21,761; Independent
units number 33, with a combined
membership of 11,901, and there are
94 national and Catholic unions comprising a membership of 26,000, The
membership of all classes of organized labor in Canada, as reported to
the department for the past fourteen
years, has been as follows:
1911         133,132
1912         160,120
1913         175,799
1914         166,163
1915         143,343
1916         160,407
1917         204,630
1918         248,887
1919         378,047
1920         373,842
1921         313,320
1922         270,621
1923         278,092
1924         260,643
Trade Union Membership by Provinces—The 2429, local branch unions
of all classes in the Dominion are
divided by provinces as follows: Ontario 1007, Quebec 429, British Columbia 236, Alberta 217, Saskatchewan 164, Manitoba 133, Nova Scotia
126, New Brunswick 106, Prince Edward Istynd  11.
Trade Union Membership in Chief
Cities.—There are 34 Canadian cities;
an increase of three, having not less
than 20 branch unions of all classes,
and represent nearly 49 per cent, of
the trade union membership of 260,-
643 In the Dominion.   Montreal ranks
first In the list of cities, with 169 local branch unions, 121 of which reported    39,140    members;     Toronto
stands second with 137 branches, 91
of which  reported  21,619  members;
Vancouver occupies third  place with
80  branches,  59  of  which  reported
10.11S    members;    Winnipeg    being
fourth with 72 branches, 61 of which
reported   7,790   members.     The   remaining 30 cities in order of number
of branches are: Hamilton, 64 branches,  52  reporting 4,031  members; Ottawa,   63   branches,  53   reporting  5,-
118   members;   Quebec,   59   branches,
36 reporting 4,734 members; Edmonton,  58  branches,  50 reporting  4,929
members; Calgary, 53 branches, 46 reporting  4,022  members;   London,  52
branches, 44 reporting 3,547 members;
Victoria, 43 branches, 37 reporting 1,-
867  members;  Begina,   35  branches,
30 reporting. L-277 members; St. John,
34 branches, 26 reporting 2,513 mem
bers; Saskatoon, 33 branches, 28 re
porting 1,275 members;   Windsor, 82
branches,   23   reporting   1,586   members; St, Thomas, 30 branches, 22 reporting  2,094 members;   Halifax,   29
branches,   23  reporting   1,222  mem-'
bers; Moose Jaw, 28 branches, 25 reporting 1,597 members; Fort William,
27  branches,  20  reporting 917 members; Brandon, 24 branches, 20 reporting    892    members;    Brantford,    24
branches, 18 reporting 837 members;
Stratford,  23  branches,   22  reporting
1,626      members;      Lethbridge,      22
branches,   19   reporting   1,604   members; Moncton, 21 branches, IS reporting   2,265   members;   North   Bay,   21
branches, 18 reporting 1,619 members;
St. Catharines, 21 branches, 16 reporting   735   members;    Sherbrooko,   21
branches, 13 reporting 532 members;
Kingston,   21   branches,   13  reporting
502 membors; Kitchner, 20 branches,
19 reporting 530 members; Peterborough,   20 branches,   17  reporting 527
members;   Guelph,   20   branches,   17
Tho.se Long Silences
It was during the impaneling of a
jury the following colloquy occurred;
"Your are a property holder?"
"Yes your honor."
"Married or single?"
"I have been married for five yenrs
your honor."
"Havo you formed or expressed an
"Not for five years, your honor."—
San Francisco Labor Clarion.
Meeti aecond Monday in the month.    Preildent, J. R. White; aeoretary, R. H. Neel-
anda. P. O. Bot 66.	
310 Pender St. West—Business meetings
1st nnd 3rd Wednesday evenings. R. ll.
Neelands, Chairman; E. H. Morrison, Sou.-
Treas.; Angus Maclnnis, 3544 Princo Edward Street, Vancouver, B. C, Corresponding  Secretary.
Any district in British Columbia desiring
infiii-miilion re securing speakers or the formation of local hrnnches, kindly communicate with Provincial Secretnry J. Lyle Telford, 524 Birlts Bldg., Vnncouvor, B. C.
Telephone Seymour 15182, or Bnyviow 5220.
aecond Thunday every month In Holdon
Building. Preaident, J. Brightwell; financial
aeoretary, H. A. Bowron, 029—llth Avenue
and third Fridays In eaeh montk, at 44S
Richards Street. Preildent; David Cuthlll,
2852 Albert Strpet; secretary-treasurer, Geo,
Harrison, 1182 Parker Street.	
of    Steam  and   Operating,   Local    882-
Meets  evory  Wednesday at  8  p.m.,   Room
806 Holden Bldg.   President, Charles Priee;
buslneis agent and flnanclal secretary, V. L,
Hunt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
UNION, Local 145, A. F. of M.—Moots
in Cotillion Hnll, corner of Davlo and Grnnvlllo streets, second Sundny nt 10 a.m.
Pretident, E. A. Jamieson,. 001 Nelson
Street; Spcretnry, J. W. Allen, 901 Nelson
Street; Financial Secretory, W. B, Williams,
901 Nelson Slroot; Organizer, F. Fletcher,
991 Nelson  SIreet.	
Ask (or CATTO'S.    For sale at all Government Liquor Stores
Thli idTertlMmeiit li not publlihed or dlspli-fod br tho Llfluor Control Board or
by tbo OoTenunent of British Columbia
Help Those Who Help You
AUR advertisers are supporting: the Federationist, and
^ they expect returns. They are in business, and naturally expect to see results from their advertising1. By patronizing: our advertisers, the readers are at the same time
assisting the Federationist. Is it too much to ask that
those who evidently seek your patronage, and are willing
to pay for it by advertising, should receive your attention?
You should be able to judge.
reporting 521 members; Port Arthur^
20 branches, 14 reporting 960 members; Niagara Palls, 20 branches, 12
reporting 778 members; Sault Ste.
Marie, 20 branches, 10 reporting 369
members. Included in the branches
In both Montreal and Quebec are 23
national and Catholic unions, the reported membership of the 23 unions
in Montreal being 3,248; nine of the
23 Quebec unions reporting 2,019
Trade Union Beneficiary Features.
—The report contains figures showing
the expenditure made by labor organ
izations for benefit purposes. Of the
eighteen non-international organizations four reported having made disbursements during 1924 for benefit
purposes, the total expended being
133,027, a decrease of $9,208 as compared with 1923. Of the 89 inter
national organizations operating in
Canada 60 made payments for one or
more benefits, the combined disbursements amounting to $20,300,364, a
sum $3,876,677 less than that spent
in the previous year. The disbursements for each class of benefit were
as follows:
Death  benefits  $11,211,924
Unemployed    and   traveling  benefits     1,044,646
Strike benefits     2,781,280
Sick and accident benefits   4,160,072
Old    age    pensions    and
other   benefits        1,102,6 42
Benefits Paid by Local Branches
■Besides the expenditures of the
central organizations, a statement is
also published in the report showing
the amounts disbursed In benefits by
local branch unions in Canada to
their own members. These payments,
which totalled $358,902, were $25,-
693 in excess of those for 1923, the
disbursements for 1924 for each class
of benefit being:
Death   benefits   $ 68,019
Unemployed benefits      19,600
Strike   benefits     101,346
Sick and accident benefits  124,617
Other benefits  -.     45,320
Other Interesting Features of the
Report—Apart from the statistics
published, the report contains much
interesting matter in regard to the
various labor organizations with
which the Canadian organized workers are either directly or indirectly
connected, and also gives much
general information as to their more
important activities. As a directory
of labor unions tho volume is very
complete, giving particulars of every
known local trade union in the Dominion, and also lists of central organizations and delegate bodies, together with the names and addresses
of the chief executive officers for
the year 1925,
Reference is also made In the report to organizations composed of
school teachers, commercial travellers, government employees and other wago earners, which, though not
identified with tho organized labor
movement, are considered to be of
sufficient importance to warrant
them being given a place. Tho associations in this group number Ull,
the combinod reported membership
is 36,333.
Mme Inn Bourskaya
Acclaimed by four famous singers
as one of the finest singers of the
day, Mme. Ina Bourskaya, Russian
prima donna of the Metropolitan Opera company and of the Chicago Opera, comes direct from great eastern
triumphs to sing here on Monda>.
"I sincerely believe Miss Bourskaya's
voico to be one of the greatest ot
the present age," declares Tito Schlpa,
famous Italian tenor. "She has Jots
of personality" adds Edward Johnson, Canada's internationally famous
tenor, "and ought to please you all
In Vancouver very much." When she
sings at the Metropolitan Opera the
role of Carmen, formerly sung there
by Geraldlne Farrar, Bourskaya has
Edward Johnson for a Don Jose, while
at the Chicago Opera, Tito Schipa
fills tho same role to her Carmen.
Mme. Bourskaya comes direct from
the stage of the Metropolitan Opera,
from triumphs with Rosa Ponselie,
Johnson and Challapln, the last-
named the four thousand dollar a
night Russian basso of the eompany
Corroborating the enthusiastic praise
of the Russian mezzo-soprano is the
testimony heard at Fletcher's ticket
bureau. A New York visitor confessed that he had heard Bourskaya several times but even if he knew nothing about singing would be content
to watch the beautiful Russian all
evening, "She haa lots of pep, too,'
he concluded, "besides being a charm
ing singer." The concert will begin
at the regular hour, 8:20, Orpheum
Theatre, on Monday, May 11.
Imperial Range
THERE'S no range been _m the market for many years that can equal
the Imperial for value.
Of course, there are higher-priced
ranges, but for appearance, economy
in fuel, and baking qualities, it is in a
class by itself.
It's built on the latest improved lines,
and gives excellent service and lasting
satisfaction. It's made exclusively for
the Hudson's Bay Company, bought on
our collective buying plan to sell at a
low price. It has six 8-inch cooking
holes, duplex grates for coal or wood,
nice size oven with thermometer in the
door and full nickel trimmings.
Bakes splendidly and heats water
quickly.   Wonderful' value.
Terms 10% CASH, and $10.00 monthly.
T       u iNcodpOHATto "v at* *»*** ioto      f, ™ i
The world moves along, not only by
the gigantic shoves of its hero workers, but by the aggregate tiny pushes
of every honest worker.—J.R. Green.
The lost battle of one generation
In the kingdom of life is the victory
of the next.—Thring.
theae Baj. HM.       Sia oamall Iff.
EfUbUihtd UU
Antiqnt Olocki, Ohronofnpbi, Ae,
Wttthtr atum
Patronize Federationist advertisers
n.m. on tbe Tuesdny preceding the 1st Sunday of tho month. President, Harry Pearson,
891 Nolson Streot; Secretary, _, A. Jumlo-
..on, 991 Nelson Street; BubIiiobs Agent, F.
b'Welier, 091 Nelaon St.	
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—President, R. P. Pottiploooj vioo-prcBidont, C.
F. Onmpboll: so ere tary-treasurer, R. H, Nei-
lands, P. 0. Box 6(1.    Meets last Sunday ot
each month at 2 p.m. In Holden Building, 10
Hastings Streot East.	
, UNION, No. 413—President, 8. D. Mao-
' donald, su ere tnry- treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
P. O. Box 689,    Meets last Thursday of eaoh
Have You a Friend?
To whom you would like us to send a sample copy of
tbe British Columbia Federationist
We want NEW READERS—Help us to get tbem
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to tlio British Columbia Federationist. Please send him a
sample copy to the address below.
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Brandon Opera Company
The Orpheum circuit lms engaged
tho Brandon opera company an organization of fifty gifted singers and
heralded as "the best light opera
organization In America," for tlie entire summer season starting: Monday,
May 18th In productions of the world's
best light and comic operas, opening
for the week of tho 18th with the
brilliant comic opera "The Chocolate
Tho cast includes: Theo Pennington, soprano; Harry Pfeil, tenor; Carl
Etundsohu, barium; l_.d Andrews, comedian; Qeorge Olson, comedian; .lean
Hae, soprano; Dolos .lewkes, basso,
and Chester Bright, baritone, with n,
chorus of more than thirty well
trained voices under the aide direction   of  Clarence  West.
The operas to bo offered during the
summer includo such favorites as:
"The Chocolate Soldier," "The Bohemian   Girl,"   "The   Gondoliers,"    "The
Mikado. Pbe   Spring   Maid."   "The
Pirates of Penzance," "The Chimes of
Nonwindy' and "Tho Prince of Pil-
sen,," With beautiful scenic and cos-
tunic production- and at prices that
arc Indeed popular and easily within
thn reach ot everyone.
There will be ono now opera presented   mrh   week   with   popubr   mn-
tluees on Wednesday and Saturday.
Patmns desiring lo hour all the operas
may make their season reservations
and have their favorite seats held
for them on any night designated
throughout tho summer.
Statement of Contractors'
Association on Present
Strike of Carpenters
for $7 per day
rpHE WAGES at present in force, viz. $6.50 per day, are the highest paid
in Western Canada to carpenters; only recently the wages in -Calgary
and Edmonton were adjusted at $6.40 per day, where it must be remembered
that the working season is much shorter than in Vancouver. Only within
the past month or two both the Dominion and Provincial Government Pair
Wage Officers made separate exhaustive surveys of tho prevailing rates of
wages in Vancouver for carpenters, each coming to the conclusion that $6.50
is a fair wage and the one to be paid on all Government work.
A controversy has existed between the Contractors and the Carpenters'
Union as to the rates of wages to be paid for the past year or more, the
Carpenters' Union claiming $7.00 as against the prevailing rate of $6.50.
More than a year ago the Carpenters' Union brought up the question of
wages and after considerable discussion the members of the Contractors'
Association agreed to pay $7.00 per day on the distinct understanding that
thi_ became the prevailing rate of wages in the district. After a trial of
about three months it was found that more than 50% of the carpenters were
working for contractors and others not members of tho Contractors' Associa-
ion for less than $7.00 per day. Under the circumstances there was nothing
for the Contractors' Association to do but to revert to the wages of $6.50
per day.
Having in view the above circumstances and feeling that even if they,
the Contractors' Association, agreed to pay $7.00 per day that they would
be paying more than a fair wage and more than the individual carpenters
are willing to work for for contractors and others outside tho association,
they have unanimously decided to stay by the prevailing rate of $6.50 per
day, which they contend is a fair and reasonable wage.
seventeenth year.   No. m BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY May 8,  132.
Farmer - Labor
The time has come when these two great groups must unite-
There must be a greater understanding of each others problems
THERE never was a time in the history of the Dominion of Canada when the Farmers
were finding it harder to bear up under their burdens than they are today. Why
do such conditions exist? There is to be found in this Province of British Columbia
soil that is unsurpassed for its productivity; a climate that is well adapted for the growing of an unlimited variety of farm products; the farmers themselves are a thrifty, industrious, hard-working group. As the result of all this, there.are grown in this province
fruit and vegetables and other farm products, world famed for their quality and appearance.
In spite of all this, such a state of affairs as is depicted in the following, taken from
the Duncan report, published by the Department of Labor of the Dominion of Canada, exists.
Extract from a letter from A. C. Stephens at Vernon, who was collecting Summerland
"To W. E. Carruthers, Nash Supervisor, Calgary, Alta.:
"I sure stepped into a nest of hornets there, without knowing where I was going till I was up against them. The way
feeling is running down there it is a wonder I got anything at
all. Charlie Brosi was well spoken of, and the mutual organization generally, but it was largely a matter of a lot of them being
right up against it, watching their families starving, and they
just naturally turned 'red.' It is a bad time to ask a man for
money or for a note."
Another extract: Mr. Snow, of Mutual Limited (Vancouver), writing to Carruthers, states as follows: "The writer is
meeting the local growers daily, who are talking as though they
were a bunch of starved Russian refugees."
Mr. Snow, to Mr. Carruthers, further quotes: "Do not think
for a moment it gives the writer any pleasure to advance money
to the growers. We would have been much better today if we
did not have to worry about some of the advances we are continually being asked for. You ask if they are absolutely broke
at Victoria. We do not see any difference between the Growers
over there and those in any other place, only that they are just
bent, not broke."
The people who have been living off the farmer and the industrial worker have been
playing the one against the other. Long tirades have appeared in the public press for the
consumption of the farmer, pointing out the short working hours and high wages which the
city worker, it is claimed, through the medium of his various trade unions, has been able
to command. This was the "red herring" that was drawn across the trail to divert the attention of the farmer from his real exploiters.
When, as is admitted by all, there is such a marked difference in price between that
paid by the worker for the farmer's products, and that received by the farmer for those
products, it is evident that the worker is little, if any, better off. It is obvious that a large
amount of this "spread" is being absorbed along the way and in a manner that works
equally to the disadvantage of both the worker and the farmer alike. Evidently the farmer
is beginning to see-this, as is shown by the following communication received by the Duncan
Commission from a grower:
"* * * A rancher's investment brings him no interest, small or large, and his time is
counted for nothing. Yet we go to Vancouver and elsewhere and see with our own eyes
our fruit being sold at very high prices—yet we dare not spend a cent other than for dire
necessities. * * * We must go on working or let our ranches die, or go elsewhere and
earn money, as several are doing right here (I could give their names) to live and pay help
to keep the trees alive."
Another thing that the farmer is beginning to see is the benefits that accrue to him
through co-operation. The following extract from the Duncan report: "The producers of
British Columbia may be classified as organized and unorganized, and are known as co-operatives and independents. The co-operative associations, which represent an achievement in
organization, have made possible what slight amelioration there has been in the condition of
the growers. The independents are enabled in some cases to avoid certain of the overhead
to which the co-operatives are subject, but, in so doing, they take the benefits created by
their fellow-growers without contrributing to the cost; and, in many cases, by their unregulated marketing seriously disorganize the market for both parties. Like some fungus, they
sap the strength of the tree which shelters them."
The problem that confronts alike the farmer and the industrial worker is how to free
themselves from the control of the big financial interests that are today robbing them of
the fruits of their labor, without rendering any necessary service to society. As the necessary factors in production, there are two parallel paths by which the farmer and the worker
must proceed to become the masters of their own destiny. First, through co-operation in the
production and distribution of the fruits of their labor. Second, by co-operating upon the
political field, securing control of the various legislative bodies.
A Dominion election is a possibility during this year, and must come in 1926. As a first
step, the farmers should organize on a political basis for the purposes of united action on
their own behalf. It is a case of "their minding their own business." They have allowed
the old-time politicians to run their affairs quite long enough and now they should take a
hand in it themselves.
We are quite sure that labor will meet them more than half way. We would suggest
that the matter of organization of the farmers be left in their own hands. They understand
the conditions as they exist in their own localities and can the better organize to meet their
particular needs. With a programme of co-operation they will, undoubtedly, find that labor
will be more than ready and willing to co-operate with them.
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST does not attempt to lay down a programme or platform
for either the farmers or the industrial workers. Sufficient for us is it if they accept the
principle of co-operation as opposed to individual action. The actual policy will be worked
out as time goes on. However, we are anxious for a discussion on this matter by the farmers, and wc would suggest that they write to THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST, giving us
their various viewpoints and suggestions. It is by an interchanging of ideas that we hope to
make any advancement along the lines of real progress.
Timely* Topics
■T-HE "larlfC cure-all" for Canada
cannot possibly work until Canada's consuming power is raised. At
present, she simply has to export, and
how can she continue to do so unless
she imports? The only people who
are likely to gain from the tariffs are
the  owning  classea;   not  tho   produ-
'The farmer's position has been
greatly improved through higher priees" snys a leading financial paper.
There orperations are profitable; they
can pay current rates of Interest as
well as other classes; there is more
mortgage money available." If the
farming outlook is so bright, why is
there such an epidemic of credit in
some districts; why do farmers have
to borrow at all; and why do hundreds of them live from hand to
mouth—or hardly live at all?
• *    •
Twenty-flve  million  acres  of good
farm land lies idle within easy reach
of railways. And it is being held by
"land-sharks" who hope to profit out
of unfortunate farmers. The organized farmers are proposing that the
owners of idle land shall be taxed ln
keeping with their desserts.
• *    •
There is an attempt to limit the
rate of interest to twenty per cent, ln
Britain. Rather hard on those who so
nobly risk their all in the cause of
There is but one law which, from
Its nature, needs unanimous consent.
This is the social compact; for civil
association is the most volttjntary of
all acts. Every man being born
free and his own master, no one, under any pretext whatsoever, can
make any man subject without his
consent.    To decide that the aon of
slave Is born a slave is to decide
that he is ipot born a man.—Rousseau.
When justice is lost, then expediency follows. But expediency Is the
mero shadow of what is right and
true, and Is portentous of confusion.
"Write on my gravestone, "Infidel,
Traitor"—infidel to every church that
compromises with wrong; traitor to
every government that oppresses the
people.—Wendell Phillips.
The three essentials of life are
bread, beauty, and brotherhood.—
Edwin Markham.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
101-408  Metropolitan  Building
837 Hastings St. W.t   VANCOUVEB,  B.O.
Telephones: Seymoar 6666 and 6667
To Friends of the Radical and Labor
The American Fund for Public
Service has voted to finance the
publication of a series of standard
works of literature and education ln
the service of the movement for
workers' emancipation. The series Is
to contain two hundred titles, to be
put upon the market at the lowest
possible prices. It will be kpown by
some such title as "The Workers*
Classics," "The Radical Classics," or
"The People's Classics." I have been
asked to become editor of the series; an advisory editorial board of
twenty or thirty persons will be appointed. The first step toward the
undertaking Is the preparing of a
list of titles for inclusion in the series,
and the purpose of this letter Ib to
ask your assistance.
Let me point out that this series,
when completed, will Involve an investment of a large sum of money,
not less than a hundred thousand
dollars. It will constitute a permanent treasure of the labor movement
throughout tho English - speaking
world. It is proposed to spare no
pains to make the series of the utmost possible usefulness, and to this
end it is hoped that you will give
your share of guidance at this preliminary stage.
The series will be all-Inclusive and
entirely non-partisan, as regards factions and schools of thought in the
working class movement. The classics of the Socialist, Communist,
Anarchist, Single Tax, Co-operative,
it,nd all other wings, will be represented. The serieB will Include fiction, poetry, drama, history, philosophy, politics, economics, finance,
The sole test of inclusion will be
whether the work contributes ideas
or information likely to be of service
to the awakening workers. The series will include translations from
worka ln foreign languages, and will
endeavor to be international ln point
of view; but aiming to serve that
public which uses the English language, it will necessarily include a
higher percentage of works representing the English and America^
points of view.
We ask you to take the time to
make us a list of all works which
you think should be Included ln
those two hundrod volumes. Make
your range of selection wide, Including everything which might by any
possibility go in, and leaving it for
the editorial board to do tho work
of eliminating. We should also appreciate having the names and addresses of other qualified persons who
might be willing to make suggestions. In the case of works likely
to be unknown to an American committee, we ask the names aind addresses of publishers, and any information or opinion you care to
give concerning each work. It is
asked that you underscore those titles
which in your opinion should certainly be Included. It Is asked that
you be as prompt as possible, in
order that the mass of data may be
effectively assembled. It is also hoped
that you will (not expect personal replies to letters on the subject, because this ls a task beyond the capacity of a single editor. The receipt
of all replies will bo acknowledged
by a form letter, and you may then
rest assured that your suggestions
are receiving consideration. The
money has been formally voted,
there is no possibility of your labor
being wasted.
On tho sheet enclosed you will find
a list of suggested works a(ud auth
ors. This fs a transcription of notes
which I have jotted down occasion
filly, whilo thinking over. this pro
posed series. It must, bo understood
that tho list does not pretend to bo
complete; it is merely one man's
suggestions, submitted with the idea
that it may bo tho means of starting
your own mind to work, afld porhaps
saving you somo time. Please underscore such works in my list as
you think should positively be in-
eluded; and be sure to put your
name nnd address at the bottom of
the sheet. In the case of authors
listed without any works, you are
invited to suggest such works as
seem to you most suitable.
Yours  for  the  cause   of  workers'
Pasadena, Cal., April 23, 1925.
Manifesto and Platform
Federated Labor Party of B.C.
THE FEDERATED LABOB PARTY is organized for tho purpose of securing industrial legislation, and tho collective ownership and democratic control of the means   of   wealth   production.
Private ownership of tho means of wealth production (lands,
forests, mines, fisheries, mills and factories), is the basis of the present
system of society. The ownership of these natural resources and the
machinery of production is vested in'a small minority of the people,
who, because of this ownership, constitute the real rulers of the
eountry—the ruling class.
This class ownership of the means of life, with the restrictions and
appropriation of the fruits of labor necessarily following it, is the root
cause of the present insecurity and privation suffered bj the working class.
The large majority of the people—the working class—being property less, must obtain the necessities of life through the only channel
open to them, i.e., by selling their labor power. The only condition
upon which they can do so is that a profit must accrue to the owning
class from the process. Profits for the few and not the needs of the
many is the motive underlying production.
The farmer, despite the semblance of ownership which appears
from the occupancy of the land and the machinery with whieh he
works it, is in approximately the same position as the propertyiess
wage-worker. The wage-worker sells his labor power direct to the
capitalist class for a price (wages), and that which he produces belongs to the party employing him or her. The farmer converts Es
labor power into other commodities, (wheat, oats, etc.), which he
must dispose of in the open market, having little or no control over the
disposal of his product. The result of his toil passes into the hands of
the capitalist class in rent, interest and profit just as surely and completely as does the product of the labor of the wage-worker, which he
(the wage-worker) leaves in the mill or factory when the'whistle blows
at the end of the day.
The production and distribution of the things essential to our
needs has reached a stage of development in which it requires the
active cooperation of practically all the productive forces in society j
social production has superseded individual production. Our ultimate
objective is, therefore, the collective ownership of things collectively
produced and collectively used. The need and well-being of society
must be the regulator of production.
The present ruling class maintains its ownership in the means of
life and consequent exploitation of the workers through its control of
the powers of thc state. This present system of government is controlled by thc same class which controls the industries, and henee
is used in their interests. Under these conditions the welfare of the
masses is a subordinate consideration.
Realizing this, it logically follows that the working class can not
improve their condition in any permanent way until they assume the
powers and functions of the state. This can be accomplished in this
eountry by taking advantage of our political privileges and electing
working-class representatives to all legislative and administrative
bodies. The worldng class itself must be its own emancipator.
Taking into consideration the international aspect of the development of capitalism and the interdependence of each country upon all
other countries for even the partial functioning of the productive
forces that obtain to-day, wo realize the impossibility of the worldng
class of any one eountry—even if the entire government was within
its control—formulating and carrying out, unaided, a complete programme of socialisation. We therefore pledge our support and cooperation to all groups, of whatever nationality, having similar aims.
The Federated Labor Party will support all legislative measures
having for their purpose the betterment of the condition of the working class, but we maintain, that so long as the workers are content to
sell their life's energy in the market they must accept the conditions
which the fluctuation of that market entails.
Thc present productive forces of society are quite sufficient to supply our every need and comfort j but the present system of production
and appropriation denies to the great mass of the people the bare
necessities of life. While the few revel in wealth and luxury, millions are dono to death by slow starvation.' Knowledge of the cause
of this phenomenon is absolutely essential to intelligent action.
Class ownership of tho means of production; class appropriation of
the social product of labor, is the cause of this denial to the workers
of an opportunity to participate in the fruits of thoir labor.
Collective ownership of the means of production; social appropriation of that which is socially produced, is the only means to end exploitation.
In the foregoing we havo given an outline as brief and concise as
possible of thc basis of present-day society.
The Federated Labor party ns a socialist party holds that the difficulties which the working class is laboring under can only be removed
by a change in our economic system. For this reason we do not put
forward any lengthy list of immediate aims.
By working class we mean all of the people who must labor by
hand or by brain and have no other means of support.
The function of tho party is to organize and educate the workers
along political lines as the surest and safest way to get control of the
powers of government. Once having secured that power it will be
used to liberate where it is now used to oppress.
Changes come slowly as the people learn slowly and to try and
force changes before thc mnss. of the peoplo are ready for them will
ony defeat the end we have in view.
Before thc workers ean ndvance to power they must gain confidence in their own ability as organizers, legislators and administrators;
and the best wny to creato that confidence is by contesting the election to every elective office.
On the platform, around the council table or in the legislature we
shall put forward and work for the pnssing of such reforms as the
workers think necessary for thc strengthening of thoir position, but
our ultimate goal is tho socialist state.
Every great and commanding moment In tho annals of tho world is the
triumph of some enthusiasm.—Emerson.
No reform movement enn succeed
without woman's assistance.—Gron-
_M?rate& ffiuhnr flartg of $.<E.
It, the undersigned, endorse and subscribe lo the furtherance of the
declared objects of the Part}) and agree lo be governed fcj the
Constitution thereof.
Name  _
Address ....
Phone No Occupation-
Proposed fcj>	
Date „„	


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