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British Columbia Federationist Dec 1, 1922

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITT: STRENGTH
Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
►POLHIOAL TOBTY: VIOTOtT
FOURTEENTH YEAR.  No. 43
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 1,1922
$2.50 PER YEAS
I HRS'
WaFARE
Opposes Immigration Plans
of the Provincial
Government
A
Says the Schools Should Be
Where the People
Want Them
Sam Outhrle, Socialist member for
the Island riding of Newcastle in the
Provincial House, has made his mark
in the present session, and along -with
his colleagues, R. H. Neelands and
Tom Uphill, has waged war on the
government on behalf of the workers
of the province. Speaking on the immigration policy of the government,
Outhrie said it was no remedy for unemployment to bring in more people.
He asserted that behind the colonization scheme was Sir John Willison, of
the Canada Colonization Association,
who had never been a friend of Labor,
but who had stated that it waa the
high wages paid to labor which was
responsible for high freight rates.
Continuing on this subject, he asked
why it was the government did not
place the unemployed on the vast
waste lands which it was intended to
populate with people from other
countries? He pointed out that In
spite of the promises of the politicians
during the war, that there were 600,'
000 acres of land which had gone out
of cultivation in England since the
great slaughter, and he suggested that
those behind tho emigrant policy of
Great Britain ahould place the unemployed on theso vacunt lands.
In speaking on the budget, he again
referred to tho charges made against
the minister of Mines, by the Mining
and Engineering Record, which alleged thnt the minister was mixed up
With the ?500,000 P. G. E. campaign
fund, and suggested that the ruling of
the speaker was not one which he had
arrived at himself, but one which was
dictated to him. The speaker objected to this statement, and Insisted that
he had mnde the ruling without interference. But the member for Newcastle'insisted that if the charges were
not true, then the minister had re
course to the • courts for Ubel, and
stated that lf lt had been the premier
who had been charged, he would have
taken It to the courts, even though he
only obtained 25 cents damages.
The miners' representative had also
something to say about schools, and
insisted that the people should have a
My In what locality they Bhould be
placed. He instanced where In one
Instance, a school had been established within 500 yards of a place where
tons of death-dealing explosives were
stored, contrary to the wishes of the
trustees,
Engineer Refuses to Take
Out Engine Without
Headlight
The strike of the local railroad shopmen In the Great Northern shops, ls
still on, all members of the organization standing pat, but prospects of the
men going back under union conditions are brighter, as the company Is
still having trouble with both men
now employed and equipment.
Recently engine 1060 came in, and
she had a broken frame. Another
job for the Vancouver Engineering
Works, and the local was delayed five
and a half hours.
The engineer on the local was asked
to take his engine but without a
headlight, and when he refused, he
was told that there was no man avail-
ble to fix It, he replied, "thon send
for the mon who are on strike; they
will fix it." A man was put to work
on the headlight, but after spending
three hours on the job, had to leave
It and another man was put to work
before any light could bo obtained.
Reports from Hlllyard, Wash., indicate that things are in bad shape at
that point. One scab who was at work
there evidently had heard of "Judas,"
as he tried to commit suicide, but failed to hit his heart, which he flred at.
Possibly the reason he missed lt was
because It was not In the proper
place, was the suggestion of a local
striker.
At the Vancouver roundhouse, there
are two replacement men who Bhould
be conversant with the story of Judas.
One of them has been a minister, and
the other a Sunday school teacher,
but lt ls easier to take the material
things than to face death, and consequently they have made their choice,
and have become agents of the employers as woll of Christian churches.
A New Lecturer
Dr. Curry has deckled to Introduce
a now lecturer at his series of lectures
In the W. P. Hall on Thursday next.
The speaker will be F. L. Farrington,
who will speuk on "The Infinitely Little as Revealed by the Microscope."
Professor Angus to Speuk
Professor Angus, of the University
of British Columbia, will be the
speaker at the Open Forum on Sunday
afternoon in tho W. P. Hall, 303 Pender Stroet West. His subject will be,
"Germany In 1922,"
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
3 tiering in Manitoba Is
'  Representative of
AU Parts
FORM Labor Members Force Two Divisions NEELANDS
On the Question of Unemployment
Speaker Rules Both Motions Out of Order—Attorney-General and Premier Claim the
Matter Not One of Urgency—Government Is Sustained by Close Majority in
Spite of Labor Men's Efforts to Aid the Needy in Province
Vigorous Campaign to Organize Unemployed
To Be Carried On
The Manitoba Association of Unemployed, sent out a call for a conference of unemployed bodies several
months ago. On Sunday, Nov. 19, the
conference took place In Winnipeg.
Delegates were present from Moose-
Jaw, Calgary, Winnipeg, Toronto and
Halifax. The Hoisting Engineers
Union of Winnipeg and the central
executive committee of the Workers
Party of Canada, sent fraternal delegates. From other cities there came
resolutions for the consideration of
tho conference, with the explanation
that lack of funds prevented them
sending delegates.
Tho reports of the delegates, the
letters received, and the resolutions
submitted from the various Industrial
centres recorded the bitter experiences
of the unemployed workers last winter. The degrading conditions in the
feeding statiens established by the
munipical governments where the un
employed workers were herded toge
ther like cattle, stirred the resentment
of every one present against the capitalist governmenta responsible for
these conditions. The useless toll involved in the work test which the unemployed had to perform before receiving a pitiful suply of food, which
was in many cases unfit for eating, ls
condemned by all unemployed bodies,
These things lay the foundation for
the determination of the unemployed
workers to organize to prevent a repetition of the terrible conditions of
last winter.
At present the unemployed situation
is not as acute as It was last year at
this time. The boom in the building
industry during the summer absorbed
many workers. The great demand
for lubor hy the farmero because of
thc huge harvest employed many iff
tho migrnioiy workers, and numerous
workers fixm the industrial centres.
The transportation of the grain lo the
(Continued on page t)
Cites Cases Where Miners
Are Denied Needed
Compensation   -
On Thursday last In the Provincial
Legislature, T. Uphill, Labor member
for Fernie, speaking to the budget,
at conslderabel length, dealt with the
Workmen's Compensation Act, drawing particular attention to a case In
his constituency of a man who suffered the loss of a leg in a mining accident a fow years ago. Upon recovering sufficiently, he resumed work ln
the mine, and his compensation was
commuted, receiving thirty cents per
day on account of his disability. On
making application this year for a
new artificial limb, he was informed
by the board that the purchase of artificial limbs which might be required
from time to time, had been taken
into account, and waa Included In his
life pension—the magnificent sum of
30 cents per day. "I would like to
know," he said, "what amount he
would have received as compensation
for loss cf leg tf they had not taken
this Into consideration."
Another case ls one of a young man
who lost his life during the session of
last year, No compensation was
granted on account of his father being
ablo to work at that time. The parent, however, was sick about seven
months later, and is at present an inmate of Tranquile Sanitarium. Application has been made for assistance,
but none is allowed on the ground
that there la a boy working. It is hard
for this boy, who Is working to assume the responsibility of supporting
hla mother and two younger children
through the family being deprived of
the earninga of the older boy, who
waa killed.    Mr. Uphill claimed that
case of thla nature should receive
special consideration at the hands of
the board.
The Fernie membor quoted the following telegram and resolutions from
Fernie Miners Union:
Calgary, Alta., Nov. 20, 1922.
Thomas Uuhlll, M. P. P.
Parliament Bldgs, Victoria, B. C.
Have received many communications from Vancouver Island minora,
demanding immediate meeting of B.
C. Minimum Wage Board. Have
communicated with minister of mines
on this matter, and up to date, he
haa refuaed to call board togother.
Was not notified by the mines department of my appointment until I communicated with Sloan on tho subject,
some nine months after tho olection.
W, A. SHERMAN,
Preaident Dlst. IS, U. M. W. of A.
"Whereas, we cannot seo any reason for tho passing of legislation if
the samo Is not put Into effect, and
"Whereas, tho taxpayers of the province of B. C. havo paid for an olection which cost hundreds of dollars,
namoly, tho Coal Minos Minimum
Wage Board, and
Whereas,  the apolntmont of the
(Continued on page 2)
DRITISH COLUMBIA has only three working elass representatives in the local House, but they made
" things hum on Tuesday, when they insisted that the unemployed should be considered.    R. H.
Neelands, member for South Vancouver, started the ball rolling when he read the following wire from
the South Vancouver unemployed:
"Harry Neelands, M.P.P.,
"Vietoria.
"Instructed at unemployed meeting advise you municipal authorities refuse assistance.
Ask you demand overnment immediate action, provide work, or full maintenance. Unemployed en masse meet commissioner ten "Wednesday morning. Anxious to have Government reply.  If possible your presence Wednesday morning.   Reply.
"J. Wood,
"South Vancouver.
Having read the above telegram on a point of privilege, R. H. Neelands'and colleagues in the House
put up a strenuous fight to have the unemployed question considered. But their efforts were defeated
by the Government leaders.
Attorney-General Manson took the position that the question was not one of privilege, and that the
only way in which the member for South Vancouver could get it before the House was that it was a
question of urgency. The government, he stated, had not been neglectful of the situation in South
Vancouver.
Mr. Bowser, leader of the Opposition, called the Attorney-General to order, and the chief law officer
of the Province admitted that he was not in order in discussing the question.
Tom Uphill, Labor member for Fernie, stated that it was in order, and that the Labor members were
trying to preserve public order.
Sam Guthrie, Socialist member for Newcastle, demanded that the rules of the House be suspended
in order that the matter be discussed, but the Premier objected to the motion,
Possibly the member for South Van-1 'he should leave the decision to the
couver, having realized that the work-
era are always praying for some one
to do something for them, Introduced
Ills motion immediately after prayers.
He sought to have all other business
suspended until the relief of the unemployed waa dealt with. But the
speaker ruled all attempts to have the
matter discussed out of order.
Major Burde, of Alberni, who is foot
loose and unattached to any of the
parties In the House, referring to the
ruling of the apeaker, who had said
that it was necessary that a two-
days' notice of jnotion should have
been given, "stated that it.was a most
convenient rule at times."
The leader of they opposition, Mr.
Bowser, stated that if a member moved to adjourn the House to discuss a
matter of great importance, and nine
members Btood in their places in support of the motion, it should pass.
The speaker, however, ruled that this
was only permissable when all business for the Bitting had been disposed
of.
In spite of the telegram above quoted, the premier took the position that
Neelands must prove that the matter
was one of importance. Possibly if
tie premier had his stomach a little
nearer his backbone, the Importance
of the question would have been seen
even by a self-made premier.
At times during the debate, as to
whether unemployment was a serious
matter and one of Importance, the
air, to say the least, was heated, and
the Labor members were well backed
up by Major Burde of Alberni.
Attorney General Manson claimed
that the matter had already been dealt
with on an amendment to the speech
from the throne, made by the Labor
members. The speaker agreed with
this view, but Major Burde declared
the matter was one of urgency, while
Sam Guthrie and Tom Uphill were
both on their feet at once in spite of
the cries of order from tho government benches.
Major Burde had another clash
with the attorney general, asking him
to mind hia own business, informing
that member of the government that
DETRIMENTAL
Carpenters Suffer Because
of Differences of Two
Organizations
The regular meeting of Local 462,
of tho United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, held on Monday
evening, was not only well attended,
but moat interesting. Many subjects
of interost to the mombers were dis-
ctiBsed, including the amendments do-
sired to the Workmen's Compensation
Act, and dual unions. The discussion
on tho latter question brought out the
fact that with two unions in the city
covering the carpenter craft, a reduction of wages had been effected on
the grain boats, which are plying from
this port.
A communication was recoived from
R. H. Neelands, M. L. A., for South
Vancouver, which intimated, that at
least the Labor membors of tho Provincial House were ln favor of providing for compenaation for accidents
to men who ure not nt present covered by tho act, and aro designated as
casual labor.     *
The civic election was also discussed, and Alderman Pettlplece's candidature for re-election endorsed, when
the recommendation of the Central
Labor body, which included an endorsation of hla candidature, waa adop-
ed.
The Federated Labor Party an-
nouncea an F. L. P, eloction rally, in
I. O. O. F. hall, corner Sixth nnd
Main, Saturday, Dec. fl, 1922. Five-
minute speeches by Aid. R. P. Pettipiece, Trusteo Maclnnis, W. J. Downie, Dr. Lyle Telford and J. S. Woods-
worth, M. P, Concert program'mo 8
to 9:30. Dancing »:30 to 12; refreshments,    Collection will be takon.
Bo sure to notify tho post office as
soon as you change your address.
speaker. The speaker, however, ruled
the motion out of order, but as soon
as this decision was given, Sam Guthrie appealed against the decision of
the speaker, and a division was taken,
the vote being as follows:
Yeas—22
Clearihue, Jackaon, Perry, Yorston,
MacDonald, K, C, Anderaon, Hart,
Oliver, Manson, Sloan, Campbell, Ramsay, Hennlger, Kergin, Mackenzie, If
A., Buckhain, Whiteside, Mrs. Smith,
Barrow, Sutherland, Pattullo, Mac-
Lean.
Nays—18
Neelands, Guthrie, Uphill, Wallin-
ger, McRae, Catherwood, Pearson, McDonald, A., Esling, Schofleld, Duncan,
Burde, Hunter, Hlnchllffe, McKenzie,
W. A., Jones, Bowser, Pooley.
Later in the day, the member for
South Vancouver, R. H. Neelanda,
again raised the question of unemployment, when he moved the following motion: "Whereas, the unemployed situation has reached a most acute
stage, and become one of great urgency and public lntereat;
"Therefore, be it resolvod, that this
House do now adjourfi *or the purpose of discussing this Important mat'
ter." Nine members Mr the House
rose ln their places to support the motion, but Attorney General Manson objected to the member for South Vancouver speaking on it. He quoted extensively from May, which called for
nine members to support the motion,
and fifteen members then showed that
they were in faVor of It, but after considerable cross-firing, Mr. Manson
contended that the matter waB not one
of urgency.
This contention was opposed by
Sam Guthrie, who stated that the Labor members could not make out a
prima facie case when they were not
allowed to discuss the matter, and insisted that the Labor members were
more in touch with the unemployed
situation than were the ministers of
the crown.
Tom Uphill, member for Fernle,
stated that he was going to be heard
whether he was pitched out or thrown
out, and then quoted Lloyd George on
tho unemployed situation in England.
Major Burde asked the attorney general to drop hia opposition to the motion, pointing out that over an hour
had been used in the discussion as to
whether the member for South Van
couver should speak or not.
Kenneth Duncan, Cowichan, Intl
mated that he would support the ap
peal from the speakor's ruling, while
the attorney general denied that there
was any attempt to choke oft the
member for South Vancouver; but
whatever tho intentions wero, the effect was tho  same, and  the  House
again decided that the unemployed
situation was not a matter of urgency by a vote of 23 to 18, the vote
benig as follows:
Yea*-23
Clearihue, Jackson, Perry, Yorston,
MacDonald, K. C„ Anderson, Farris,
Hart, Oliver, Manson, Sloan, Campbell, Ramsay, Hennlger, Kergin, Mackenzie, I. A., Buckham, Whiteside,
Smith, Mrs., Barrow Sutherland, Pattullo, MacLean.
NayB—18
Hanes, Neelands, Guthrie, Uphill,
Walllnger, McRae, Catherwood, Pearson, McDonald, A„ Esling, Schofield,
Duncan, Burde, Hunter, Hlnchllffe,
Jones, Bowser, Pooley.
Building Permits
Nov. 23—2826 Wall Street, Perry &
Huber, dwelling, $'2000; 1789-91-96
Robson, J. E. Wright, stores, $4900.
Nov. 24—90 Cassiar St., Miss M.
Smith, dwelling, $2000; 416-18 Hastings East, M. J. Horle, store, $4500;
3175—6th Ave West, Cook & Hawkins, dwelling, $3500.
Nov. 2 6—12 2 6—23rd Ave. East,
Miss R. H. Smith, dwelling, $2000.
Nov. 27—2475 York, M. A. J. James,
■dwelling, $8000; 616—18th Ave. East
R. H. Nelson, dwelling, $3000; 137
Pender Weat, j. W. Prout, alteratlona,
$8000; 3613 Albert, C. S. Hatful], dwelling, $2200.
Nov. 28—2097 Comox, N. B. Archibald, dwelling, $5000; Foot Robson,'J,
Barwlck, factory, $4500; 542-44 Powell, A. Rigg, store, $3000; 660 Chilco,
R. Jarrett, dwelling, $2000; 2660 Balaclava, A. V. Gardned, dwelling, $2600;
2676 Balaclava, A, V. Gardner, dwel
ling, $2600; 2690 Balaclava, A. V. Gar
dner, dwelling, $2500; 1181—22nd
Ave. East, A'. Kopec, dwelling, $2000,
Says Unemployed Should Be
Placed on the
Land
Scores Educational System
Operating: in the
Province
Protest against the plans of the
Dominion government announced on
Thursday, the 23rd, to let down the
Immigration bars of this country, was
made in the Legislature on Friday
last, by R. H. Neelands, Labor member for South Vancouver.
Mr. Neelands read the press dispatches from Ottawa declaring that
they made It clear that it was not to
be farmers alone who were to be
brought in, but workers generally, for
the Industrial field as well as the agricultural. In view of the large number of unemployed throughout the
country, he declared such a policy to
be the height of folly. He said that if
the government were to undertake a
policy of assisting people already here
to get on the land by uitliziftg the
money, proposed to be expended on
bringing Immigrants to this country,
for that purpose, numbers could be
found who are willing to avail themselves of such an opportunity.
As for the Importation of female
immigrants as domestica, Mr. Neelands aald that it would be much better to leave them alone if they were
only brought here In order to offer
somothing better to people in the upper strata of life.
Many students attending the university of B. C, Mr, Neelands declared,
wero only wasting their parents'
money and their own time and are
taking the places there of young persons who itally should be educated/
because they have the capability for
it, although they lacked the money.
Too many school buildings throughout the Province were put up as monuments of architecture rather than
houses of learning, and this, ho declared, waa the reaaon why many communities found themselves in financial difficulties through over-spending.
He Baid that it was not so much the
quality of the buildings, but the quantity of the learning which was given
that was important.
Attempt to Get in Touch
With Other
Bodies
IS.
Would Tax Capital
R. H. Neelands, Labor member for
South Vancouver, suggested ln the
House, when discussing the school and
educational system of the province,
that the government should ievy a tax
on the reserve funds of corporations.
Naturally, the government did not ac-
' cept the suggestion.
Endorse Pettlplece
Tho Plumbers and Steamfltters of
Vancouver havo endorsed tho candidature of Alderman H. lJ. Pettlpleoe,
and also showed their appreciation of
his services by donating a sum of
money for the campaign fund.
Line Up for Political Unity
So far as can bo learned at the
time of going to press, tlio Typographical Union, the Sheet Metal Workers,
and the Carpenters, havo elected dole-
gates to tho unitod political front
conference, to be held on tho 8th of
December, It is expected that other
unions will fall in line as soon aa their
meetings are held.
Buy at a union store.
S. D. MiicDONALIt
Preildent Princo Rupert Trade! nnd
liiilmr Council, wild i-|.*iff-H'i| iH'foro
tho Govornment Ins I week seeking
niiH»i(liii"iit8 to working cliisa legls*
lutiin,
RED ARMY
Pictures of Soviet Russia
and Red Army WiU
Be Shown
Interest in Soviet Russia, aftor five
years of power, is keener today than
it has beon sinco the revolution,
The work of Soviet Russia at tho
tho AllloB at all their conferences,
pleases the workers If tho remarks of
presont time, in spiking the guns of
tho avorago worker in to be taken os
any criterion. Tho Russians are doing tho same for tho Lausanne confer-
once now as thoy havo dono for the
others.
However commendable the efforts of
tho Russian workers in the many
fields of endeavor they have undertaken, tho building of the red army Ib
perhaps thoir greatest accomplishment.
Born In hardship and nourished by
famine and war, the Red army stands
today as tho finest example of a lighting machino—a machino that hns implanted foar and terror In tho hearls
of all enemies of tho working clnss.
Pictures of tho Red army will bo
shown at thc locturo to bc delivered
at tho W. P. Hall, 308 U. Pender St.
West, on Monday night, Dec. 4, and
at Carlton Hall, Colllngwood, Tuesday, Dec. 5. Thoso slides havo novor
been shown In Vancouver beforo, and
ovory one who is Interested, will bo
welcome
Soutli Vnncouver Unemployed to Meet.
At a mooting of tho Smith Vancouver unemployed, held on Thursday, lt
i decided to hold a meeting in the
Picturo theatre, nt the corner of 49th
nnd Frnser Avonuos, on Sunday afternoon. Tho meeting will commence at
3 p.m. J. S. Woodsworth will bo tho
principal sneaker, and Tom Richardson will net ns chairman.
Ono dollar and fifty cenls is the cost
for a six months' subscription to Thc
Foderationist.
Member for Centre Winnipeg Will Address F. L
P. Meeting
J. S. Woodsworth, M. P., et Winnipeg Centre, will be the speaker at
our meeting on Sunday, Dec. 3, at t
p.m.
Those who wish to hoar Comrade
Woodsworth, will ne welt advised to
take this opportunity, as he Intends to
cover as much of the Province as possible in addressing meetings before
the summoning of parliament, which
muy happen at any date. Comrade
Woodsworth has been very busy addressing meetings in the East, and
haa alao spent some considerable time
in oducational work among the miners
of the Maritime Provinces. He has
now come from tho Winnipeg Civic
campaign, where his assistance has
been of considerable vutuo ln the election of nn I. L. P. member to the offlce
of mayor, and other members of that
party as aldermen.
Dr. Lyle Telford, who was the
speaker at Inst Sunday night's meeting, gavo a well-prepared address on
tho "Psychology of Social UnreBt,"
and Bnid In part: On the two primitive Instincts of man, first self-preservation; aecond, race preservation,
these two instincts being so closely
interwoven oftlmes not easily judged
as to whero the one influence begins
and tho other leaves off, but thnt the
Instinct of self-preservation may lie so
completely controlled that the Individual may givo up his ]|f0 in support
of any principlo that ho moy deem
worthy or suoh a sacrifice. The fulfilment of demands aroused by suoh
Instincts will arouse the lowest forms
of life to put up tho most ferocious
struggle. Thero aro two factors wliich
play very important roles In stimulating the two primitive Instincts; one
Is hunger, nnd tho otber Is fear.
There nre fields olher thnn the battlefield where renl men nnd women
can he of real servico to tho cause of
suffering humanity, nnd tho courage
required will ho of a higher form thnn
that required to faco the unseen bullet
of an enemy.
Our present form of government,
tho spenker believed, owes its existence to a eortain form of Insanity. It
lias been touched upon by ndm who
hnvo tnontal affections. Tttfro nre
two types which he choosei" to call
I.lbenilitis and Consorvatltls," Tho
affeotion is the rosult of tho lack of
study nn tho part of some, lack of
ability and tho groat need of tho necessities of life, on lho part Of others.
In tho caso of a few, this form of
government hns served to fulfill the
requirements of the two primitivo instincts in no meagre way; nnd while
it mny create a eortain tranquility In
the minds and hearts of these fow so-
culled for tu nates, It serves in no way
to quiet the multitude today. Our
modem press wns shown ns tho tool of
the monied Interests, tho dispensation
of What Is termed Justice by our modern courts wns analyzed to its detri-
Demand the Union Rate of
Wages for Relief
Work
That unemployment Is rampant *■
Victoria is evidenced by the activities
of the unemployed organisation ta th*
Capital City. At a meeting held recently, it was decided that a committee should be appointed to get ta touch
with the other unemployed bodies la
the Dominion, and to secure concerted
action by 'he "out of works." The
following muulfesto was adopted:
"The unemployed of Victoria and
district, recognizing the fact that lt _
through no fault of their own that
they are thrown out of employment,
but that this is the natural result of
the operation of our commercial system;
"Recognizing also that their suffei-
ing Is not caused through lack of th*
necessary quantities of food, clothing,
etc ln existences—there being abundance of these things on hand everywhere;
"Recognizing also that it Is impossiblo for them, either individually or
collectively, to remedy this state of
affairs, and that it therefore becomes
the duty of the civil, municipal, provincial or federal authorities;
"Hereby make the following statement of claims as representnig the
minimum they are entitled to in a
clvllizod community;
"(1) Maintenance in comfort for
all men, women and children who,
through enforced idleness, are unable
to provide for themsolves;
(2) All relief work to be paid for
at union rates; those employed agreeing to render In so far as they are
physically able, full value in labor for
the amount rcceivod;
"(3) A public meeting place te be
provided free for lho unemployed,
with accommodation for supplying
something to eat and drink for those
in Immediate need; ,
"(4) The passing of an 'Unemployed Insurance Act,' the minimum Inaus-
acne payable to be the official flgur*
for the manltenanoe.per family glvea
ln the Labor Gazette."
WiU Speak In Nanalmo
Sam Outhrie and R. H. Neelanda,
members of the Provincial House far
Newcastle and South Vancouver respectfully, will speak at Nanalmo sa
Sunday, Dee. 3. The topic will M:
'The Present Session at Victoria."
10
Submits Questions to AD the
Candidates for Civic
Honors
Tho following Is n list of questioas
submlttod lo all tundldatos for municipal honors by thc Vnncouver Trades
and Labor Council executive, following thc Instructions given nt the lust
meeting. The nrat live questions are
applied lo tho cundldntcs for the City
Council nnd thc School Board; the
balance only apply to cnndldates for
aldermanlc honors.
Question No. 1. Arc you In fnvor
nf the abolition of property qualifications for nil municipal and civic offices,
Question No. 2. Arc you In favor of
Iho insertion of n clause In nil contracts lei by lhe elly, covering the
oight-hour day und tho forty-four-
hour week, nnd tlio union rnto of
wnges?
Question No, 3. Aro you In fnvor of
ull civic work being done by dny lnbor, and tho abolition ot contract
work wherever possible?
Question No. 4. Aro you in fnvor
of the eight-hour dny nnd tho forty-
four hour week, with the union rnte
of wnges uuld to nil civic employees?
Question No, 5. Aro you in fnvor
of Jiving preference In the nwnrdlng
ofJPJontraots to nrms that rocognlze
the right of "collective bargaining" to
their omployoes?
Question No. C. Will you, If elected,
do your utmost towards Iho insinuation of more comfort stations In this
elly?
Question No. 7. Arc you In favor
of the abolition of the gnrbago tnx?
Question No. g. Arc you in fnvor of
a munlclpnl-owned hydro-clcclrlc
plant?
Sacramento, Cal.—Figures compiled
by Louis Bloch, statistician in the oflico of the Stute Ijibor Commissioner,
show the Blowing Industrialization'of'
California. Prom 1814 to 1920 .:
vnluo of tho slate's manufactured ]
ducts Increased 177 per cent. Wat
earners mnko up 13.9 per cont of the
population of Oakland, 11.! per cent,
of Snn Francisco nnd 10.2 per cont!
of Los Angoles, It wns shown.
menl. Plio crying need of our ngo ts
for mon nnd womon with vision
enough to soo n now ordor of society
arising out of tho prosont chaos, concluded tho spenker.
Tho doctor's locturo will bo prlntod
In u local magazine, whicli Is published monthly. PAGE TWO
fourteenth tear.  no. 43   BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.
FRIDAT December 1. 1922
BRITISH COLOMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Published evory Friday morning by The B. C. Fedorationist
Business Office:   1129 Howe Street
Editorial   Ofllce:    Room   300—319   ponder   Street   "West
Editorial Board:   P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neotands, J. M.
Clark, George Bartley.
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per
year; Canada, $2.00 per year, $1.50 for six months; to
Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per momber per
month.
Unity of fjulior:   The Hope of tlie World
FRIDAY Docembor   1,   1922
Mrs. M. E. Smith and
Immigration
CPEAICINO ON;THE P, O. E. question, Mrs. M. E.
*J Smith, M. "ii. A. for Vancouver, expressed thc
opinion in thc -House last week, that she was in favor
of completing the railroad. She referred to it as a
baby left on the doorstep of the government, and
stated that she would vote for its completion so that
it could bo. reared to healthy manhood. We have no
objection to Mrs. Smith foster mothering a railroad,
but we certainly do object to her incursions into
matters of whieh she knows but little, and onc of
these is the need of thc country for immigrants.
Hvidently Mrs. Smith imagines that prosperity
tomes to a country through immigration, or she
would not have made the suggestion that thc period
•f prosperity, between the years 1896 and 1911 was
due to the number of people who came to the country. In answer to a question from the member for
Newcastle, our lady friend, she may not bo a friend,
but we will let it go at that, stated that she would
bring more people into thc country in spite of the
unemployed situation. She also stated that after
—0 immigration started in 1896, there was prosperity.
We do not know whether the honorable member
for Vancouver has been asleep since the year she
referred to or not, but we do know that about that
time there was a large influx of immigrants with
money in thcir jeans. They eame seeking their fortunes with sums of money whieh at this time would
make a man feel like a millionaire, but "those days
are gone forever;" they will never return.
There has ben a considerable amount of water pass
under thc bridges of the world since 1911. There
haa beon a world war, and what is even more important, a collapse of capitalism. Thc whole financial structure of modern society has been shattered
and there will never be any more prosperity, as our
lady friend knew it in years gone by.
*       *       *
So far as Canada is concerned, immigration will
not aid the farmers, who are at present unable to
te_ their wheat. It will not assist the fruit growers,
who have let their crops rot beeause it did not pay
them to send it to tho wholesalers, who eould not
dispose of it. It will not find jobs for industrial
-laves Whoso labor power is a drug on the market.
Slaves cannot live on one anothor, when they cannot
dispose of their only commodity. The bringing of
more people to this country will not make more
jobs in ratio to. the people in the country, but will
increase the misery of those already here. If Canada is to havp an influx of immigrants, we would
suggest that only those who voted the working class
ticket in Great Britain in the reeent election, and
the supporters of the Soviet government in Kussia
be admitted. We niight then gain some advantage not
because they would produce more jobs, but at least
they might act as a leavon in thc working class
movement of this country, and allow Mrs. Smith to
mother railroads or anything else she desired so long
u ske refrains from butting in on subjects of which
ak- has no knowledge or iniormillion.
happy. They have never dodged the lower forms
of labor, while their masters have had the education
and have "cultivated a distaste for work" of any
kind, yet they live; they have rights which their
power gives them, and which the seekers for the
lower kinds of labor do not possess. The ethical
standard of the carpenter of Nazareth may conflict with the economics of today, but the day will
come when the final outcome of the economic conflict
will wipo out the inequalities and place all men
on the basis of economic freedom, where he
who 'Works will eat, and the "educated parasite" will be unable to cat, because he cannot produce, and is only an encumbrance,
and a menace to the human family. Quite irrespective of the disrespect which the Sun shows to the
Divinity, we make bold to assert that if Jesus Christ
ever existed he did not know much about capitalistic economics, but he possibly understood the men
who benefit by the exploitation of slaves, and if he
were here today, he would be shocked by the piffle
and lies spread by the capitalistic press.
The "Sun" Economics and
the Divinity
WE OFTEN WONDER what the average worker
thinks of his morning or evening ,>aper, at
least that part which is supposed to be inspired
and written by an individual who is "educated,"
walks in a discreet manner, and associates with
"nice people." This thought was most prominent
in our minds when wc read an editorial in a looal
paper which contained an editorial with a rather
astounding caption which read "Jesus Christ vs.
Economics."
Wo had gathered the idea, boforo wc road the
editorial in question, that tlie Bible stated that
man should live by thc sweat of his brow, but wo
were amazed when we read tho following passages,
which in themselves, are a contradiction. They arc
as follows:
It Ih Htartliiijc hut truo Unit lu in. next fow generations, iinlr-H the system is changed, iimnklnil will he
ciiiifiiiiiial with lhe task of oliooslilg hniwoon human-
Ity mm llro-ixwlty.
I Iltyb linvor classes hum lx> held down Ut lii_-.aU-
the i>ro.|writy of the upper classes, or the work of
social elevation iin>st bo on and nil _las_o_ go down
to economic damnation loi'.othcr.
.Ioxiik of Nazareth was the (irat Individual horn tn
preach tlio theory that ull men have equal rlithtn.
lie wns thc Ilrst to suggest Unit the lower orders hnd
as much right to cultural prlvilCKcs ns tlie higher
ordors.
Yet this theory Is hcadi'iis tho world for economic
disaster.
Hither lho economlo and Industrial systems arc
wiling or Josus Christ Is wrong.
* * *
The thoughts expressed above, wore penned, as
the outcome of thc mental storm of an editorial
writer in a local daily. In fact the writer of the
above contradictions, started out by proclaiming
that here was a shortage of unskilled labor, and by
depreciating thc continuing of giving educational
advantages to all classes. In fact, thc writer suggests that tho educating of the individual, creates
a distaste for the lower kinds of labor.
* *        *
But on the statement of the Sun, wc are informed
that the equal rights idea promulgated by the
lowly Nazarene, is heading the world to economic
disaster. But might wc ask whicli is the. educated
elass in modern society! The workers do not attend the university; they have no objections to the
lower kinds of labor; in fact, they seek a "job" no
matter how low it may be. Their lives arc circumscribed by thc job.   If they have one, they are
Capitalist Spleen and a Working Class Representative
TT IS NOT OFTEN that The Federationist plumes
a itself on its aggressiveness or its "scoops," but
in view of the editorials which have appeared in
the loeal press dealing with a member of the British House of Commons, to wit, J. T. Walton Now-
bold, member for Motherwell and Wishaw, we must
at least recognize that we have stirred something
up which does not fit very nicely with capitalistic
press hack writers' opinions.
At least two of the Vancouver dailies have been
compelled to vent their spleen on this "inoffensive"
member of the "mother of parliaments," and have
endeavored, editorially, to discredit him. It will
be remembered that last week we pointed out, that
the member referred to, was a master of arts, a
graduate of Manchester University, and that he was
at one time a school teacher; but the fact that ho is
now in a position to teach more than children,
seems to have got under the cuticle of the members
of the fourth estate.
* '*        *
It might well be: pointed out, that this capitalistic
tirade against a member of the working class, is
not a tirade against a nonentity, but is a well-
directed and organized attempt to discredit a member of the working class who stands out like a red
light in a fog. In other words, a man who is feared
by thc ruling class, or he would not get the space
he does in the press which that class owns and
directs.
One capitalistic sheet in Vancouver, states edi-
toriallj', that he appeared in rags. Another sheet
refers to his garb as a disguise. We would, however, like to point out that no revolutionist imagines
that it is necessary for him or his followers to roll
in tho gutter in order to show their distaste of the
present system. This can be done in a white collar
and with a clean skin; and what is more, with a
clean mind and a clear concept as to what clothes
mean to the individual.
* * *
The Labor members of the British House of Commons, may have overstepped the bounds of bourgeois decency. But at least they have only voiced,
in vigorous language, the pent-up feelings whieh
have been repressed for many years, and which are
but thc cries of thc working class against the intolerance of a ruthless ruling class, which has extracted the uttermost from the members of the
working class from which they sprang. They are
but proclaiming the cry of the man with the hoe;
thc hidden thoughts of the workers all through the
ages, and the inarticulate plea of thc masses for
freedom; the never-ending anguish of the children
and the women of the working class for freedom
from human slavery and degradation; they have
but voiced the cry of humanity for the right to live
as human beings, and to shed their slavery and the
bonds which bind them to the wheels of thc capitalistic machines of production.
Newbold may have appeared in rags, but of one
thing we are certain, he was never dirty; cither
personally, or in his thoughts. Ho is a man
amongst a bunch of pigmies. A man with a vision.
A man who knows, as the ruling class will learn, in
the British Isles, ere the present parliament is dissolved. But the outstanding feature of Newbold's
remarks in the British House of Commons, was his
reference to the fact that there was plenty of precedents in thc British Isles for a revolution, and" his
references to the "late member for Huntingdon,
Oliver Cromwell," nuist have jarred the reactionary forees to their foundations, for he was speaking
in thc successor of an assembly in which Oliver
Cromwell uttered the following word..:
"It Is high time for me to put an ond to your sittings In this placo which yon have dishonored hy
your contempt of virtue and defiled hy tho practice
of ovory vlco. Yo aro a pernicious crew, nnd enemies
of good government. Yo are u pack of mercenary
wrotohoe, and would, liko 10. nu, soil your country for
a moss of pottage.; or, like Judas, hot-Ay your God
for a Tow pieces of money, is there a singlo virtue
now remaining jtmongot you? Is there one vice you
do not possess? Ye have no moro religion than my
horso. dold Is your God. Which of you linvo not
betrayed your conscience for hrlbcs? Is there a man
amongst you that has thc least caro for the good of
Iho commonwealth?
Yo are grown Intolerably odious to the whole nation
—yo wero deputed here to get grievances redressed.
Are not yourselves become the greater grievance?
Your country, therefore, calls upon mc to cleanse
this nugean stable by putting tho final period to your
iniquitous proceedings in this house, and which, hy
God's help, and lho strength ho has given mo, I am
now going to do. I command ye, therefore, at tlio
peril of your lives, to depart immediately out of tills
place. Go! Get out! Mako haste, you venal slaves!
llegonc! So lake nwuy that shining bauble there, and
look up tho doors."
#**.*".
Possibly the tirades which have been written by
the hirelings of the capitalistic press have been inspired by the fear that out of the British Labor
movement may appear a man with the courage of
a Cromwell, and the determination to place thc
people in control of their own destinies, and remove them from the slavery wliich is now only too
evident. While the capitalistic class may fear such
a happening, the workers of thc world will welcome such an event, and whether in rags or in
velvet, they will acclaim their own freedom by
giving credit to tho man who showed them tho
way, and at the same time places himself in the
position of dangor when all forces of reaction attempt to stem the tido of progress. Tho pernicious
crew still remains, but the workers, like Cromwell,
will send them about thcir business. Speed the day.
SAFE DELIVERY
F. of S. R. Take Steps to
See Parcels Are
Guarded
[By F. S. R. Presa Service]
Some trouble having been encountered by those who have sent relief
packages to individuals in Soviet Russia, owing to the customs regulations,
tho Friends of Soviet Russia will make
every effort to assure safe delivery of
all packages sent In accordance with
the Soviet laws. In answer to a tele'
graphic inquiry in the question sent to
Moscow by tho organization, Leo Ka-
manov replied' by cable that packages
going to workers or middle employees
and reaching Russia before Dec. 31,
may enter freo of all duty charges,
In accordance with this ruling, the
F. S. R. office has announced that it
will be glad to get the names and addresses of all persons in Canada and
tho United States whoso packages
have been held up awaiting payment
of duty charges. It has the assurance
of Soviet officials that packages sent
to neody persons for their own use
and not for sale, will be allowed in as
speedily as possible.
Many complaints and enquiries have
reached the organization from people
who have sent food and clothes
through the post office only to flnd
that they could not be delivered without payment of largo amounts. It is
with a view toward helping those and
others in the same plight that the F.
R. has now undertaken the work.
All communications on the subject
should be addressed to the national
office, 201 West 13th Street, New York,
and should be accompanied by the
following statement, signed by the
person who sent the package:
I, the undersigned, certify that the
package sent through the post office
 (date( ,  and  addressed  to
..name    and   address did    not
contain any luxuries and was intended
exclusively for the use of the addressee, and not for sale, speculation
or other form of trading; I ask to free
the package of duty."
UPHILL URGES AMENDMENT
(Continued from Page 1)
said board, has been appointed ap
proximately for two years, without
the board functioning in any-respect;
therefore, be it
"Resolved, that this meeting of
Gladstone Local Union, No. 2314, U.
M H. of A., demand that this board
be called together for the purpose for
which it was constituted."
He then accused the minister of
(Mines of appointing this minimum
wage board for miners for purely po
litical purposes, and drew attention to
the fact that a miner from Fernie district being selected by the miners of
B; C, at an election costing the government over $1100, instead of one
from the minister's constituency, probably had something to do with the
failure of the board to function.
Mr. Uphill then referred to his
hardy annual, the building of Corbin
road and endeavored to obtain from
the minister of Public Works an answer to his question as to whether or
not he had any intention of constructing that road. The question being repeated, no reply was recoived from
the minister.
Mine rescue work was also referred
to by the speaker.
San Francisco—Another police raid
on the headquarters of the Marine
Transport Workers of the I. W. W.
has led to the arrest of 10 members
on vagrancy charges.
Tokio—Machinists' wages in Japan
are Iess than one-third what they were
during the war. Instead of the $5 a
day earned four years ago, the average wage for a good machinist is $1
to $1.50 per day.
Johannesburg, S. Africa—Two more
Rand strikers have been sentenced to
death by tho spocial court, on a charge
of having murdered an officer of the
defense force last March, during the
general strike.
Grand Forks, N. D.—North Dakota's
state flour mill and grain elevator has
begun operation, 33,000 bushels of
grain having been bought for the
opening:.. One unit of the mill, with
a capacity of 1000 bushels daily, has
been put into use, and two more units
will soon be ready.	
IN
State Legislature Amends
Laws to Suit Big
Corporation
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. W.—-American oil interests, thought to be the Standard Oil
Co., are trying to secure foothold in
Australia. For some time they.have
been followinp experimental operations in varioui parts of the continent.
Representatives of the oil trust state
that certain oil boring operations now
being carried out ln several ctntres in
Australia will cease, and that the oil
industry in Australia will be started
by "an American corporation." Said
ono oil man: "But we are not ready
yet. Your many laws and conditions
do not suit us."
The West Australian Stato Legislature (anti-Labor) has recently amended its mining act. Many of the amendments nre believed to have been
Inspired by Standard Oil. Tho South
Australian State Legislature (also anti-
Labor) now proposes to adopt still
other of thefr suggestions.
Further information is to the effect
that the Australian federal govern
ment has agreed to similar proposals
from the same quarter in respect to
areas ln the fedoral territory in the
north of the Australian continent. Tho
general aim of these suggestions is
said to be the keeping intact of the big
supposed oil areas.
An Australian petroleum expert
says: "It is a remarkable thing that
no matter where the field is or how
good the prospects, something happens
to stop tho boring operations when the
American experts come on the scene."
As evidence that the American
emissaries In Australia are not restricted for funds, the case is cited of
one of them who went to Western
Australia, bought a team of camels
and Inspected about 1400 miles of
territory. From there he went to
Queensland where he undertook an
olher extensive survey of the oil fields.
Manchester, N. H.—The textile
strikers in this city are returning to
work. The strikers at Suncook have
voted to roturn under tho 54-hour
woek. The roturning men are pinning
their fnlth to tho report that the Stato
Legislature will pass a 48-hour act,
Two Thousand Club
417 PENDER ST. W. Plume Say. 2186
$2000 BENEFIT CLUB (Incorporated
under the Societies Act ol B. 0.1, $0.00
entrance foe, $1 en death of a member,
and tl a year. Age limit 50. Only a
limited number can join. Sond for par.
tlculars to: 2000 Club, 417 Ponder St.
W„ Vancouver, B. C.    Phone Sey. 2186.
Leckie Won't Sell
Us Shoes
But tlie Amherst Shoe Oo. will,
and they are giving dandy
satisfaction.
A shipment of Drill Cap. just
in; prices  J2.2S to JS.95
It will pay you to seo our selection of Xmas Ties; they
couldn't be prettier. Prices
from  'lie to $2.00
Special pricos on Slippers for
men, women and children.
Mon's Kneo Gum Boots, white
sole and hoel, 6-11 $4.95
Children's Knee Gum Boots, 6-
10 J.   $1.95
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings
Hats, Boots and Sltoos
2313 MAIN STREET
(Between 7th and 8th Avenues)
COAL
YALE BOOTLESS
AND NANAIMO
Kindling Free
CANADIAN WOOD AND
OOAL COMPANY
1440 GllANVIUiB Sey. 5290
Drugless Healing
Downie Sanitarium
Limited
301, 301, 306
Standard Bank Building
Cor. Hastings and ltlcliards Sis.
Phones:
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
NOTIOE
WB havo again to movo to
larger promises. We are
on lho somo floor, but at Nos.
301, 304 and 306. We are now
introducing' the celebrated
MOORITB MINEBAL BATHS
for RHEUMATISM and all kindred allmentBl wo aro also
adding a SPECIAL department
for Faco and Scalp Treatment,
using the Mineral Clay amongst
othor things. If you want
SCIENTIFIC SERVICE, WB
have it to give.    ,
—"LAID OFF"—
Two Short Words, Bridging the Gulf Between
COMFOBT and POVERTX
Havo yon protected yourself and your family agalnat sueh an emergency,
with a SAVINGS ACCOUNT—the meet valuable Asset • man can have for
tho "RAINY DAT."
We STRONGLY RECOMMEND yeu te atart snch an account AT ONCE,
at one of our Oity Branches.
HASTINGS and SEYMOUR Oeo. S. Harrison. Manager
Oordova and Abbott Mala aad 25th Ave. Mall and Broadway
WHERE TOU WIU RECEIVE PROMPT AND OOORTEODS ATTENTION
Union Bank of Canada
P.S.—If you ere living In a community not providod with Banking facilities, ad*
dross ua by mail, and wa will be glad to guide yon in respect to "Banking hy Mall."
I">n|  HI  III  '
-^^jvjtfd^
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Hosiery
Women's English Cashmore Hose of a very fine pure
wool, full-fashioned; all sizes, in tan only. Extra
special at $1 a pair.
English Spun Silk Hose, full fashioned—a warm
and comfortable stocking with a smart appearance j
black and brown only, at $2.50 a pair.
English Silk and Wool Hose. A very fine quality,
full fashioned; the shades include clerical grey,
coating, dark blue, black and purple, at $3.50 pair.
Children's Heather Hose of pure wool, in the popular 5-2 rib; _izes from 7 to 10, in mixed shades of
navy, brown and green, at $1.25 a pair.
—Drysdale's Hosiery Shop, First Floor.
575 Granville Street
Once Upon a Time
—someone complained about the
looseness of English clothes—thoir
lack of style. If It wbb a woman
Bhe woujd promptly change her
tune, and purchase one of the
striking Topcoats made of English
fleece or blanket cloth, cut circular,
unbelted and showing a striking
plaid bnck every time the wind
blows.
Famous mS'
623 HASTINGS ST.. Near GranvUle
BE SURE YOU GET
VAN BROS.
WHEN SOU ASK FOR
— CIDER-
and Non-alcoholic wines of all
UNION MEN'S ATTENTION
Mainland
Cigar Store
310 OAUUALL STREET
THE PLAOE FOB PIPES
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Oood Place to Eat"
HASTINOS AND COLUMBIA BIS.
Ring np Phono Seymonr 2354
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite   301   Dominion   Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
FIRST CHURCH OP
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1160 Oeorgia Street
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7:80 p.m.
Sunday school Immediately following
morning aervice. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room.
001-903  Birks bldg.	
UNION MAN!
In that dark hour when sympathy and best aervice count io
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
233 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER
Phone Falnnont 58
Prompt Ambulance Service
A Prompt Answer Improves Everybody's
Telephone Service
SOMETIMES when you mako a telephono call, you do not get the numbers promptly. When you toll tho operator, she saya, "I will ring thom again."
Finally whon you get the party wanted,
do you feel that the operator has not
given you prompt servico, or do you realizo that the peraon you callod may not
have answered tho telephone at onco I
. It will help to provide prompt service
for all if every subscriber will answer
the telephone as soon aa the bell rings.
B. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPANT
Ask for
BRITANNIA
BEER
"It Can't Be Beat"
FOR SALE AT GOVERNMENT STORES
4\
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
SEE US
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prices.
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, STEREOTYPERS
AND BOOKBINDERS
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST.        VANCOUVER, B. C. IRIDAT December 1. !»__
-*'
fourteenth tbar. no. 4s    BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
PAGE THREE
Nitrous Oxide (Gas)
, X-«ar »,i4
aanreatlom.
M, eBn la compl-tflly
rq.lp,._ for x-B»r
work; IImi, 11.00.
Let mo show you nan.
Iilei of mr GxpreiBion
Work— _ ,erleot ilupll-
Mlln of tho origlial
ietik.
—one of the reasons why I can extract teeth
to the entire comfort of the patient.
IP you have a tooth that needs extracting,
remember £ have given years of speeial study
to this work. Through the use of the most
approved forms of loeal and general anaesthesia I can make a ease of extraction as easy
for the patient as any other dental work.
Nitrous Oxide (gas) as used by me has in
hundreds of successful eases proved that you
absolutely have nothing to fear.
These methods are the last word in scientific
facilities. Pain is a thing of the past. Benefit
from this new-day dentistry.
See me lf you need a tooth extracted—It   means special   atten-
l Uon at no more eost.
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 Hastings Street West
Bank of Nova Scotia Building
Phone Seymour 3331
DR. BRETT ANDERSON, formorlr member of tbe Faculty of tbe Collcgo
of Dentistry, University of Southern California, Lecturer ou Crown and
Bridgework, Demonstrator in Platework and Operative Dentistry, Local' and
General Anaesthesia.
Vancouver Unions
hrANCOOVER TRADES AND LABOR
\, Council—President, R. II. Neelanda,
Ul__.Ii.A.; genoral atcfotary, Percy R. Bon-
l-iouifh. Office: 308, 819 Pender St, W.
Jpbono Sey. 7-195. Moots in Labor Hall at
WiB p.m- ou the first end third Tuesdays
*t._n month.	
_• ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUN-
oil—Moeta aecond Monday in tbe
I month. President, J. R. White; secre-
I tary. R. H. Nuelands, P. 0. Box 66.
''BAKERY SALESMEN, LOCAL 871—
;. Moeta Bocond Thursday every montb,
) 819 Ponder St. W. President, J. Bright-
Uweoll; financial secrotary, H. A. Bowron,
PggAg Burns  St.	
IjOURNEYMEN   BARBERS'    INTERNA-
F     tional Union  of America—Local   120,
_ Vancourer, B.C., moeta Bocond and fourth
[ Tuesdays in oach month In Room 318, 819
I Pendor   Stroet  Weat.    President,   C.  E.
} Herrott, 71 Hastings St. E.     Secretary,
■ , A. R. Janl, 820 Cambie Bt    Shop pbone,
M '■ Sey. 2702. Residenco phone, Doug. 2171R.
J INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF
> ■'■    Boilermakers,   Iron   Shipbuilders   and
*. Holpora of America, Local 194—Meetmgs
if,first end third Mondays In each month,
'/'president, P. Willie: aocrotary, A. Frasor,
| Office:    Room 303—319 Pender St. W.
Tt Offlce hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 6 p.m.
" BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS—If   yon
need bricklayers or masons for boiler
works,   etc.,   or   marble   setters,   phone
Bricklayers'   Union, Labor Tomple.
UNITED    BROTHERHOOD    OF    OAR-
penters end Joiners, Local 452—President, Wm. Dunn;    rocordlng    secretary,
Geo. Snell; business agont, Goo. H. Hardy.
0_fice:    Room 304, 819   Pendor   Bt. W*
Meets second and fourth Mondays, 8 p-m.,
Room 5, 819 Pendor St. W.	
CIVIC EMPLOYEES' UNION—Moots
firat and third Fridays in each month,
at 148 Cordova St. W. Prosldent, J.
White, 8405 Ponder St. B.i §§«««':
Treasurer, Geo. Harrison, 1335 Woodland
-Drive, .	
» FEDERATED LABOR PARTY, 148 COR-
j     dova   St.   W.—Educational   meetings
1 every Sunday evening, 8 o'clock.    Businoss meetings ovory Wednesday ovenlna.
R. P. Pott.pioco, chairman; E. H. Morrison, sec-treas.; J. Bounott, corresponding
|  Bocntury.  .
OITY FIREFIGHTERS UNION No. 18—
President,   M.   McDonald,   No.   1 Firo*
hall;    Hocrolary,   0.    A.   Watson, l\o.  »
.  Firuln.ll. _  -
[ HOTEL AND RESTAURANT Employee!
\ Union, Local 28—441 Seymour Street.
i Moots flrst and third Wednesdays at 2.30
I p.m, Second and fourth Wednesdays at
T 8.30 p.m. Exocutive board meots every
L Tueaday at 3 p.m. President W. Colmar.
1 BuBinoss agont, A. Graham*    Phono Soy.
1681.	
I LUMBER WORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
UNION OF CANADA—An Indus-
| trial union of all workors in log*
I glng and construction camps. Coast uis-
1 trlct and General Headquarters, 61 Cor-
I. dova St. W., Vancouver, B. 0. Phone Sey.
['7856. J. M. Clarke, general s.-erotaiy-
'« treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
V Macdonald A Co., Vancouver, B. 0.1 wdi-
tors,   Measrs.  Buttar A  Chlone.  Vancou-
J  ver, B. C. ____—
I. MACHINISTS LOCAL 692—Prosident.
1 Ed. Dawson; secrotary, R* Hirst; busi-
,i ness egeat, P. R. Bengough. Offico: 809,
819 Peader St. W. Moots In Room 3,
\ 819 Pender St. W-, on second and fourth
\ Tuesday In month.	
MACHINISTS LOCAL 182—President,
Lee George; secretary, J. G. Koeto,
business agoat, P. R. Bongough. Offlce i
*?*>, 819 Pender St. W. Meots m Boom
818, 819 Pender St. W. on first end third
Thursdays in month. ,
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECO-
l« rators and Paporhangors of America,
Local 138, Vancouver—Meets 2nd and
4th Thursdays al 148 Cordova St. W.
Phono Soy. 8491.   Business agont, R. A.
Barker. ________
, PILE DRIVERS, BRIDGE, WHARF and
Dock Builders. Locnl No. 2404—Moots
I In Lalior Hall. 319 Pendor St. W.. every
2nd and 4th Friday at 8 p.m. Jaa. Thompson, Financial Seoretnry. ,
SAILORS' UNION OF THE PACIFIC,
135 Cordova St. W., P. 0. Box 571.
Phono Sey. 8703. Meetings every Mon-
' day 7 p.m. P. Ilockaday, Business Agent.
FEDERATED SEAFARERS UNION OF
B C.—Formerly Firemen and Oilers
Union of British Columbia—Meeting
nights, flrBt Tuosday nnd third Friday of
rach month ot 318 Oordova W. President,
R, Thom; vico-presldent, R. Morgan;
aecrotary-trcasuror, W. Donaldson. Address, 313 Cordova St. W., Vancouvor,
B.C. Victorin Branch Agont s address, w.
FtMcJB!J56XjIj>hnim^W.i_VI ctnrla, B.C.
INTERNATIONAL UNION STEAM AND
Operating Engineers, Local 844, moota
overy Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 807
Labor Tomplo. SecrotaryTrcasuror, N.
Green, 953 Hornby St. Phone Sey. 704BR.
Recording Socrotary, W.   Chandlor,   1681
Foil Ave., North Vancouver,	
STREET AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY
Employoes, Pioneer Division, No, 101
—Meots K. P. Hall, 8th and Klngsway,
1st and Srd Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7
p.m. President, P, A. Hoover, 2409 Clarko
Drive; recording*socrotary, F. E. Griffin,
447—6th Avonuo East; treasurer, A. F.
Andrew; financial-secretary and business agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Street; office, cornor Prior and Main
SU. Phone Fair. B604R.
JOURNEYMEN BAILORS' UNION OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
first Monday in each month, 8 p.m. Pres*
ident, A. R. Gatonby; vice-president, Mra.
Dolk; recording Becrotary, 0. MoDonald,
P. 0. Box 603;    financial    seeretary, P.
McNelsh, P. 0. Box 608.	
SOCIETY FOR TECHNICAL AID TO
Soviet Russia, Vancouvor branch, moots
first and third Sundays each month, 2
p.m., at 61 Cordova St. W. For information writo to branoh secrotary, S.T.A.S.R.,
61 Cordova St. W.,^Vancouver, B. 0.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 226—
Prosidont, Win, Skinnor; vlco-presidont,
A. Tuckor; sooretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands. P. 0. Box 66. Meots last
Sunday of oach month at 2 p.m.	
NANAIMO    TYPOGRAPHICAL    UNION
Leesville, La. — The children of
LlanoCo-oporatlvo colony are being
measured and weighed each month
in school and the report forwarded to
their parents. The October report
shows that most of tho children are
making satisfactory gains and that
few are undor weight.
San Francisco—John I. Nolan, for
five terms congressman from this district, and for many years secretary of
the San Franeiaco Labor Council, died
here after a long Illness. He had
been nominated by both parties and
had just been re-elected.
SLATER'S
Week-end Specials
FREE   DELIVERY
Special deliveries all over Vancouver, North Vancouver, Kerrlsdale,   Point   Grey,   Hastings
Townsite, Vancouver Heights.
Butter, Butter, Butter
Slater sells beautiful Butter,
fit for any table,
at 3 lbs, for,
$1.15
Fresh Meat Department
Choico Pot Roasts,        Q _
from, Ib    OC
Choice Oven Roasts,
from, lb	
Prime  Boiling Beef,
from, lb	
Primo Boneless Stew
Beef, 2 lbs for
10c
8c
25c
PORK PORK PORK
All Government Inspected
We have about 300 nice firm
grain fed Pork Shoulders weighing from 4 to 8 lbs., and tho
quality ls excellent. You cannot buy anything better for the
Sunday Roast. Regular 25c a
pound. Friday | Claud Saturday... :...! U 2 C
LOCAL LAMB
Government Inspected
Leg Primo Local
Lamb, lb .....
Loins Priftie Local
Lamb, lb	
Choice Meaty Cuts
of Local Lamb.	
Local Lamb Stew,
2  lbs. for	
32c
30c
22c
25c
LOCAL VEAL
Government Inspected
Legs of Primo Veal,
per lb	
Meaty Cuts of Primo
Veal, from, lb	
Loins of Prime Veal
per lb	
20c
15c
25c
PROVISIONS
Slater's famous Streaky Bacon, ln half or wholo slabs,
] Spocial,   pel-
lb	
35c
EffgS, Eggs, Eggs
B. C. Fresh Pullet
ISggs, per dozen	
50c
B. C. Storage, largo
Eggs, per dozon ,.
Saturday you can Uuy 3 dozon
B. C. largo Storage   A *|    *| C
Eggs for «Pl.lO
Hum..,  HuniH, Hams
Choico   Fresh   Smoked   Picnic
Hams on salo Friday
and Saturday, lh.
Finest Pastry Flour,
G-th. sack for	
Orange and Lemon
Peel, lh	
Seedless Raisins,
package	
Seeded Raisins,
package	
At Slater's Stores
123 Hastings Street Kant
Phono Soy. 328a
830 Granville St. Phono Sey. 806
3200 Main St. Phono Fair. 1083
1101 Granville Phono Sey. 0110
40c
VUU      j. »i; j in-
18k
26c
40c
15c
20c
No.  837—Projldont J.  J. B«gg, vice-
urer, L. 0. Gllb.rt, P. 0. Box 476, Nsnalmo, B. 0.      —
Fresh Gut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Sluulo Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
48 -tastings Street East        2—STORES'—2        6S5 Granville Street
Sey. 188-072 "SAY IT WITH FIiOWERS" Sey. 0513-1301
n—
r t_
Lloyd George's Resignation
****** *******   ******   ******   ****** ******   ******
And Its Significance to the! World's Workers
[By Karl Radek] «
AFTER BEING sixteen years in the
•**•' British government and six years
at Its head, Lloyd George has handed
in his resignation.
His resignation Is the result of the
vote in the Carlton Club, the organization of the leading circles of the
Conservative Party.
Thls Club, the flnanclal and capitalist oligarchy of Great Britain, has by
a two-thirds majority, pronounced in
favor of an immediate election, ln
which the Conservative Party has decided to take part as an independent
party. And this suffices In a country
which calls itself democratic, to bring
about the resignation of the prime
minister, Lloyd George, the only bourgeois politician in Europe, who shows
the faintest understanding of the international situation.
The overthrow of Lloyd George appears as one of the greatest historical
events. Its importance can only be
estimated when one attempts to portray, at least in general outline, the
poUtlcal development of England during the last thirty years,
Petty-Bourgeois Radicalism  Agalnat
Imperialism
Lloyd George, the son of a village
school master—brought up by his uncle, a shoe maker in a remote corner
of Wales—grew up in circles of petty
bourgeois radicalism. The peasants,
shopkeepers and hand workers of
Wales belonged to the non-conformist
Baptist church. They opposed the dependence of the church upon the
State; they were petty bourgeois democrats. Lloyd George was drawn into
the excitement of the discussions and
struggles against the payment of taxes
to the State church. His uncle, a
shoe maker, was a Baptist preacher,
and Lloyd George prepared himself
for the same calling. As, however,
tho Baptists required that their
preachers shall engage In work, he
was sent to a small provincial lawyer.
And after practical acquaintance with
the profession he prepared himself
for examination. At the same time he
toured the country as an agitator,
From his childhood on Lloyd George
lived under conditions of the greatest
poverty. And until recent years he
has remembered ln thoughtful hours,
tho misery and the hard work of his
mother, who after the death of her
husband had to bring up her children.
These recollections were also the
source of his efforts after social reform.
In the year 1890, In his twenty-
eighth year, he was elected member
of parliament for the constituency of
Carnarvon, in which he was educated.
At the same time he worked In a barrister's office In London, and lived
with a colleague together in one dwelling. He was bo poor that he was unable to practice aB a barrister, solely
because he did not possess the necessary money to buy his robes. His
friend at that time relates, that never
in his life had he heard such blatant
accusations against the capitalist order
as he heard from Ltoyd George during
these years.
When Lloyd George appeared in the
political arena, England waB passing
through a very severe Inward crisis.
The period of the Manchester school
was over, the period In which the
whole of the English bourgeoisie stood
for free trade, for liberalism and for
peaceful relations with all countries.
German .competition and the development of American capitalism, pushed
the bourgeoisie on to the open road of
imperialism.
During the period following the reform of the customs in the year 1846,
England was the only strong capitalist power and she could rely upon the
success of her cheap wares, The English bourgeoisie was therefore against
the annexation of new colonies,
against protective duties. Now, however, when the policy of protection
was actually adopted In all European
countries and in America, when English goods everywhere were faced
with competition, there increased in
England the effort after retaining the
English colonies for English industry
through a policy of protection. At
tho same time there Increased the
need for a strong fleet to defend the
existing, and to conquer new colonies,
At the head of this movement which
won the English bourgeoisie, stood
Joseph Chamberlain. The Boer war
was a result of this policy, Lloyd
George entered as its strong opponent.
During the Boer war he fought strongly against "Jingoism," against the "religion of blood and iron," against "the
religion of imperialist robbery." He
repeatedly spoke at meetings in the
face of the enraged crowds and even
LUMBER WORKERS'
NEWS AND VIEWS
The Eight-hour Bill and
the Loggers
THE local press carries a news item
to the effect that Major Burde,
M.L.A. has again introduced in the
rovincial Legislature a bill for a compulsory eight-hour workday in British
Columbia. This is the third occasion
on which Mr. Burde has brought forward this bill, and doubtless it will
be treated this time in the same manner as it has been treated in tho past.
henever this bill is introduced in the
Legislative Assembly a herd of boss
loggers, like a flock of vultures intent on^guardlng their prey, head for
Victoria to prevent anything being
done that may, either now, or in tho
future, encroach upon their profits.
Not that there ls much danger of the
present bunch who are in power doing
anything that may interfere with
profits, because tho Liberal government, under the leadership of our
"chin-whiskered" Premier, only represents those who own and control
the timber resources of this Province.
It is truo they may prate millions of
platitudes to the working class, but
just the same both groups worship
the same God, the same Holy Trinity
—Rent, Interest, Proflt. However, it
ls very evident that the boss loggers
intend taking no chances, because, as
usual, they havo a special delegation
In Victoria trying to prevent the
"chosen representatives of tho people"
from falling victims to the propaganda of Major Burde, or any of the
olher members who may support the
bill.
The "Timber Industries Council of
B. C," which is the industrial union
of the logging camp, saw mill owners,
and lumber dealers on the B. C.
Coast, nro always particularly active
against tho eight-hour day; more so
than any other body of employers,
and thero is a reason why they should
bo. All saw mills, and also a few
"hay wire" logging camps up the
raser Valley are working ton hours,
and they do not want to loso tho
profits which will accrue to them
from tho two hours of extra toil by
their "hands." They are taking no
chances on tho stories that a workor
produces as much in eight hours as
ho does In ten, neither are they concerned over the labor clause enacted
by tho League of Nations, that a universal eight-hour workday be established.
Thero are also other reasons why
the "Timber Industries Council" does
not desire to see an eight-hour workday enacted for this province. While
at prosent it ls true that almost all
camps are working eight hours, yet
there Is always tho futuro to look to,
and they still entertain hopes of soe-
ing the logging camps on tho Coast
running ten hours. One of the reasons always put forward by the boss
loggers against a compulsory eight-
hour act is the statement that they
would not be able to compete with
the lumbor from tho State of Washington. Probably there is much truth
In that statement, because their scab
hiring agency has blacklisted most of
tho experienced loggors in B. C, and
as a large number of theso men nre
now ln Washington, thoy are able to
got out more logs in a shorter spaco
of timo than can bo dono by tho
seml-experlonced loggers they havo
now In B. C. There Is no doubt but
that as soon as an opportunity offers
the lumber barons will try to re-Introduce tho ten-hour day ln tho logging
camps in B..C. They tried it in several cosob last year, and they will try
lt again as soon as thoy have a sufflclent surplus of wage slaves on the
lumber market.
' At present, efforts are being put
forward to augment the stock of logging slaves on the Coast. From information lately to hand it appears
that the Loggers' Agency (Hicks) ls
trying to hire men at Edmonton and
other points in Northern Alberta, for
the Coast camps. If they are successful these "extra" mon will serve
the doublo purpose of reducing wages,
and, if at all possible, increasing
hours.
The November issue of the "Pacific
Coast Lumberman," official organ of
the Timber Industries Council, carries an excerpt from the "Cowichan
Leader" in which it advocated tho
policy of "importing" men from Great
Britain to work in the logging camps
on Vancouver Island. This article
states that if these sturdy sons of
Old England were given "three
months intensive training in the ordinary routine work In the woods,
thoy could hold their own with all
comers." The writer then refers to
the British born pioneers "who hacked out homes in old Ontario." He
forgot, however, to point out that the
working class of Britain has advanced considerably since the days
when the Scottish Highland farmers
were driven out of their homes and
forced to go to Eastern Canada in
order that the British landowners
could turn their crofts and farms Into
sheep runs and afterwards Into deer
parks.
There Is no doubt but that the
representatives of capitalism at Victoria will voto down tho eight-hour
day. It would be futile to expect anything else, and probably the only
thing to be gained by bringing it forward will be again to bring it before
the workers of B. C, and onco again
put their alleged representatives on
record. Our work lies In another direction, namely that of so building up
our organization that it will matter
not whethor they pass an eight-hour
act or not. Our work Is to produco
an organization that will not ask for
eight-hour legislation, but will tako
it, and mnny othor things besides.
Tho only thing that any government
recognizes is force, and when we have
force enough we will take tho eight-
hour day, and finally, with tlie nssistanco of our follow workers in other
industries, and In othor parts of the
country, wo will help to take over,
and help to operate, tho lumber Industry.   Lot us to our work.
ORANBKOOK, B. C.
Tho convention of tho Cranbrook
Branch of the Lumber Worlcorsz Industrial Union of Canada will bo held
in tho Lumber Workers' hall at Cranbrook on Decembor 22nd, 23rd and
24th, commencing at 10 n.m. The
convention will be a mass gathering
of all membors and delegates from
camps, an dthe last day will bc opon
to all workers in the lumber industry, whether members or otherwise,
for a general discussion on the labor
movement.
On behalf of tho Cranbrook Branch
Executive,
J.  L.  PETERSON,  Sec.
COAST   BRANOH
The convention of the Coast Branch
of the Lumber Workers' Industrial
Union of Cnnada will be hold in tho
Loggers' Hall, 61 Cordova Street
West, Vancouver, B. (!., commencing January 3rd, 1023, at 10 a.
m. Tho convention will bo a mass
gathering of all members and delogatcs from camps.
On behalf of the Coast Branch Executive,
J. M. CLARKE, Sec.
'placed  himself  In   danger  of  being
mobbed.
The policy of Chamberlain did not
achieve its alms. The opposition of
the agricultural population of the
English colonies who desire Industrial
products regardless of where they
come from so long as they are cheap,
is one of the chief hindrances to the
economic union of English imperialism.
The Interests of the broad masses of
the English workers and of the English petty bourgeoisie developed in the
same direction. The English petty
bourgeoisie, apart from the high standard of capitalist development in England, occupied a higher position than
the petty bourgeoisie of other countries, thanka chiefly to the cheapness
of the most necessary articles of consumption. The "cheap breakfast" appeared as the means by which the
bourgeoisie dampened the aspirations of the English working class.
The policy of Chamberlain threatened
high prices and the working masses
were against this. Supported by the
broad mass of the petty bourgeoisie
and the workers, the English commercial bourgeoisie, the English textile
industrials, who owing to the cheapness of their products had succeeded
ln retaining the world markets, took
up the flght against the imperialist
policy of protection. Manchester, the
chief centre of the textile industry,
fought against Birmingham and Sheffield, the centre of the metal Industry,
against the chief basis of Imperialism,
In the year 1906, the policy of the
liberal bourgeoisie and of petty bourgeois radicalism was victorious. Lloyd
George, one of the proponents of this
policy entered the government as president of the Board of Trade. In 1908
he occupied one of the most important
offices in the government, the ofllce of
Chancellor of the Exchequer, where
he remained until 1916. The flrst
years Lloyd George spent in this offlce belong to his heroic period,
(To be continued)
Unemployed Form
National Body
(Continued from page 1)
elevators caused great activity on the
railroads and In tho coal mines. As
u. consequence, the government Labor
Gazette ia able to report a decre-me
in thr- number of unemployed workers. " But there Is no Indication that
ihis situation will last very long. The
harvesters are coming back to the
cities wtlh very little monoy in their
pockets, because of the poor wages
paid on the farms, the building boom
has petered out, and the railroads have
started l.tj.ng off men beciuse tbe annual busy season has finished, Thereforo we cen expect th\i m tho next
few montbs the army of unemployed
will i-wt'll in numbers, a id tbe question
of securing food, clothii-g and shelter
will be tbe i> ain question before thousands of '. alters.
Only by the organization of the unemployed workers will it bo possible
to squeeze relief for those workers
from tho capitalist money bags. The
step towards tho organization of a National Association of Unem ployed
Workers was a very necessary step,
and has at least been taken. This
will bring unity into the activities
of the unemployed workors, and save
a lot of waste effort. But the foundation of the movement must bo the unemployed workers themsolves, organized Into definite associations In the
cities ready to act in thoir dofence
against the capitalists who, by shutting down their factories, condemn
the workers to starvation and misery.
With this object in viow, tho conference instructed tho committee to
carry on a vigorous campaign for the
organization of tho unemployed workers.
Tho conference took a definite stand
on tho question of tho relations between tho Unemployment Association
and the trade unions. The Idea that
tbe unemployed workors should scab
on tho trade unionists by accepting
work at wages below tbo trade union
standard, Is simply playing Into the
hands of the bosses, who are eager to
uso the unemployed workers to lower
tho wages of all workers. The trade
unions to prevent the bosses using the
unemployed workers to batter down
their standard of living, must co-oporato for the purposo of organizing
these workers for the securing of food,
olothing and shelter for them and
thcir dependent}.. Thoro can bo no
rivalry between the trade unions and
the associations of tho Unemployed
workers. On tho contrary, there must
bo the fullest no-oporatlon betweon
these working class bodies for their
common protection from the attacks
of the capitalists on the standard of
living of the entire working class. Tho
committee appointed by tho confer-
once to carry on the work will invite
the executive of tho Trades nnd Labor CongresB of Canada to appoint a
member to sit on tho national committee of unemployed. In every city
the trade unions will be urged to send
delegates to the unemployment committees. In this wny, the unity of the
bodies will be assured until such time
as thc trade unions mako lt ono of
their objectives to struggle for tho relief of tho unemployed workors n« a
necessary action for the protection of
the entire working class.
The programme of tho National Association of Unemployed Workors Is
the onlly one possible under the circumstances. Unemployment Is chronic whilo capitalism lasts, Tho last
imperialist war weakened tho economic foundation of the present system,
and thc efforts of tlio capitalist politician.*- at "reconstruction" has only
pushed capitalism deeper Into the
ditch. The periods of unemployment
will grow longor In tbe future with
only short periods of Industrial activity betweon them. The only way to
abolish unemployment Is to abolish
tho present system of production,
based upon thc capitalist ownership
of the moans of wealth production,
and tho exploitation of labor. Until
tbo working class can aconipllsh that
task, tho unemployed workers must
struggle to securo enough to livo on.
Therefore the national association put
Its main demand: Work at trade union
rates of wages or full maintenance.
As a mothod whereby the govornment
rnn provide work, lt Is suggested tbat
tho government immediately foster
trade with Soviot Russia.    If It Is ne-
Come and Look at this
IMPERIAL
RANGE
for $55
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B. C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent appearance, good weight, and fine finish,
fitted with six cooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl_%-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $25.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying, and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
$55
-CASH OR TERMS—
Hudson's Bay Company
ccssary to maintain the unemployed
because work cannot be found for
them at the trade union rate, then the
government must institute an unemployment pay system such as applies
in Great Britain. The money for thiB
purpose can be secured by stopping
the payment of interest on war bonds
of over $600 in amount, and by the
other methods by which governments
usually raise money.
Every worker must recognize the
necessity of the organization of the
unemployed workers. The trade
unions must co-operate to accomplish
this task. Either the unemployed
workers will be organizod and be tied
to  the  common  struggle  of all  tho
workers, or they will be a disorganized mass used by the capitalists to
lower the wages of the working olass.
The conference appointed a committee consisting of T. Robertson,
chairman; E. Hancox, secretary; I.
Levi, L. Morris and T. Wright, Moose-
Jaw Trades and Labor Council. Every
local association of unemployed workers should get ln touch with the committee as aoon as possible, so that
when tho army of unemployed grows
larger, the machinery for organizing
them will be ln readiness. And instead of the unemployed being looked
upon ns tho casiuffs of society, thoy
will be welded into a real army for
tho purpose of securing relief.
Vote First Choice
For Mayor 1923
CEJisdall
A Safe, Sane and Progressive Business Administration of Civic Affairs.
RETURN TISDALL FOR
A SECOND TERM
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense him been spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But afler testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
Cascade PAGE FOUR
-pbtbenth TBAB. mo. 4i   BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST tancoutii, b.
^■W—WMW^. ^^ i      I
II
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Flannel
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A heavy all wool flannel
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Another line of a still heavier pure virgin wool
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Union-made Overalls
Blue, black or striped heavy super-
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45-49 Hastings St. East
Mail orders sent prepaid upon receipt of price quoted
The Chiropractic Bill
Is before the Legislature this session. NOW is the
time to ask your representatives at Victoria to support the Bill.  ■
Dr. Lee Edwards, Medical
man and Chiropractor of
Omaha, U.S.A., will address
a Mass Meeting at the Colonial Theatre, Sunday afternoon at 3 o'clock, on behalf
of the Chiropractors.
Dr. WALTER STURDY
Chiropractor
DOMINION BANK BUILDING.
207 Hastings St. W. Phone Seymour 20.
THE  FUTURE  BELONGS  TO  LABOK—GREAT  BRITAIN'S
WORKERS ARE SHOWING TIIE WAY
Alderman R. P. PETTIPIECE
Labor Candidate
for Re-election
CHINESESINGLEOUTTIGER OF FRANCE
1 CHRISTIAN
Students Make Protest
Holding Federation
in Pekin
at
Claim That Church Aids
Capitalistic Exploitation
[By Bill Maxwell]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Pekin—Singling out the Christian
church as the enemy of humanity and
progress ln China, the Non-Christian
Students Federation has heen organized in opposition to the Worlds Chrla-
tion Students Federation. A special
protest is made by these Chinese students against the holding of the Christian Federation in Pekin.
The text of the manifesto against
the Christian church reads In part:
"We oppose the World's Christian
Students Federation because we want
to protect the happiness and welfare
of humanity. We now wish to publish
our real attitude so that the public
can know it.
"We know that Christianity and the
Christian church have created many
evils and committed many sins in the
history of mankind. This we are not
concerned with for the present, but
they are now still creating evils and
committing sins and will do so.
"We know present society is a capitalistic organization. On the one hand
the property-holding classes who eat
without work, on the other hand the
propertyiess classes who work but can
not eat. Present day Christianity and
the Christian church is the evil devil
who helps the former to rob the latter
class. This devil, manely, the present
day Christianity and the Christian
church, is our enemy. We cannot but
fight a decisive and deadly battle
against it.
"The capitalists of all nations, no
matter whether they are English or
American, Japanese or French, are
taking steps, one following the other,
to rush into China to carry out their
plans of economic exploitation, And
present day Christianity and the
Christian church is the vanguard of
this exploitation. The various capitalist nations who are establishing
Christian churches in China have as
their object nothing more than to
tempt the Chinese people to welcome
capitalism. These nations who have
established the T. M. C. A. in China
have as their object to suck the blood
and fat of the Chinese people. Therefore, we oppose capitalism and at the
same time we have to oppose the present day Christianity and the Christian church which supports capitalism
and which cheats the common -people.
"The World's Christian Students
Federation is the progeny of present-
day Christianity and the Christian
church. They are preparing to call
together Christians from all over the
world and hold ft conference here.
They are going to discuss how to uphold world capitalism and how to extend capitalism to China. We brand
this conference to be a conference of
robbers, humiliating and polluting
our youth, cheating our people and
robbing our economic resources. Therefore, following our inner Impulses we
are organizing this federation to declare war upon the conference.
"StudentB, young men, workers! We
must oppose them when we see these
bloodhounds of the capitalists holding
a conference to discuss our fate!—The
Non-Christian Students Federation-
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Decide on Your First Cliolce
Before   Eloction   Day
WEDNESDAY, DEO, 13,
and do not fail to give
Labor tbe
FIRST CHOICE
W. J. Downie
Labor Candidato for School
Trustee
For Ladies
Only
Men, Don't
Read This
WE don't as a rulo address
the ladies, but in this
case we feel it our duty to
let the girls know what
dandy values we can give
them in Xmas gifts for their
sweethearts and hubbies—or
the two in one—as the ease
may be.  I
Wc have a wonderful range
of Ties at
65c
—Ties that can bc given
with confidence, and certain
that they'll please.
Thc Shirts we show at
$1.95 and $2.45
are unequalled value and the
designs are very pleasing.
Look us over, girls, look us
over.
C. D. Bruce
Limited
Oorner Homei and Hastings
TO U.S.A.
Make Attempts to Cover Up
French Ruthless-
ness
Also Appeals for Help for
French Militarism
[By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated Press Corerspondent)
New York—Georges Clemenceau,
the man who did to Germany at Versailles what Bismarck did there to
France when Clemenceau was young,
has made to America his apology for
French ruthlessness and his plea for
America to help French militarism.
And Clemenceau chose well the auspices under which to make his plea.
For the organization which brought
the ex-premier to America is a body
known as the Council of Foreign Re
lations. It is this "council" which is
managing Clemenceau's tour of American cities—the tour on which he has
refused to debate the peace treaty
with Jean Longuet, former French-de
puty, who ls speaking to the workers
of America while Clemenceau is addressing the nation's money bags and
imperialists.
If the newspapers know who or
what this council is they apparently
have decided the knowledge is a good
thing to keep to themselves. All that
is publicly known of it is contained in
a very brief and astonishingly unen<
lightening statement of its aims, which
says:
"Its membership, made up of men
of many professions, is limited in
number, as a body would be unwieldy
and freedom in discussion would be
lost," The council, the short statement adds, "is not a trade organization
nor has it any connection with any
political party. It simply ls a group
of men concerned in spreading a
knowledge of international relations
and, in particular, in developing a reasoned American foreign policy."
The ex-premier's Metropolitan
speech received probably more advance publicity than any address
which has been made in America
since the war. But when, in the
course of the speech, a Greek importer arose and asked:
"How about the Frenoh alliance
with Turkey," the questioner was
grabbed by two husky detectives and
hustled to the sidewalk.
Nobody knows how many billion
dollars were represented in the Metropolitan meeting. If the income
tax collector could have stood at the
doors and called off, as they left, even
the incomes reported by the men and
women in, that audience, it would have
taxed the capacity of a battery of adding machines to cast up the total.
But through alt his speech was an
ever-rectjrring denial of French imperialism and French militarism.
Over and over the man who dictated
the Versailles treaty seemed to feel it
necessary to repeat that the French
rulers had no thought but of maintaining peace,
"They are preparing war again," he
charged against the Germane.
A little later he spoke of the League
of Nations, He said that since he
came to America he had talked with
a man who said:
"Arrange your matters with England and we will interfere."
The man was not the president of
the United States, He was not the
secretary of state. He was not a high
government official. He was a banker,
Clemenceau said.
Then came his plea for Intervention
of America.
"Well, whatever may happen," he
said, "the intervention of America—in
what way I leave it to you altogether
for the moment, the way."
And in all the hour and 32 minutes
of his speech he neither answered nor
attemtped to answer the charges—already bome out by events—that the
peace of Versailles could not be enforced, and that the peace treaty, Im*
posing on Germany the same sort of
terms a victorious kaiser would have
imposed on France, was the cause of
most of the misery and hopelessness
In Burope.
ID
STRIKE DEC. 1ST
Demand Recognition of Organization and Will
Fight for It
Roports from District 18 of the
Unltod Nine Workers of America,
which includes all the coal fields of
Eastern British Columbia and Alberta,
indicate that there will be a strike on
December 1.
President Sherman has stated that
the coal operators in the Edmonton
fields rofuse to recognize the organization, and that while the men have
done all possible to avoid trouble, the
employers have dono everything to
cause a dispute.
The organization of the miners ln
the Edmonton fields has made great
headway recently, and the mon are
determined thut the organization
shall be recognized in tho local field.
Every Shoe Means a
- Saving in Dollars
To You
Saturday Specials
LaA-M' uid   Growing   Glrta"   Tint H..1 Boot.—A
-picimijr (ood solid ltath.r boot, mad. In brown
and blaok calf-kin.   Our miliar
16.50 ralua, at, per pair	
Men, Look this Over
$4.95
Brown Calfskin Preee Boota.   Then linM torn, ta
hlch and low tow, aad all ha.« welted
soles.   Our special pr!.., per pair .
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Ladies' Patent Leather
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Our speolal
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BROWN CALFSKIN OXFORDS AT A LOW PRICE
A real, Goodyear welted Shoe, with 8 guage sole.
Genuine calf upper, solid leather throughout. We
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Our regular |7.60 grade, _t_ flfi
at, per pair     VwivU
SPLBHDID VALVE IN OHUDREN'S
SHOES
Black grain School Shoes, with 2 full soles; solid
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low price. Sizes: 1-1%, $2.25
8-iok, $2.65     .   n-2, $3.25
Black Chroma Wark
Boots with double solas
—plain toe or toe tat.
Solid leather counters,
insoles, box tots and
heels. A really strong
boot, at
per pair .
$5
WIST WEATIIER BOOTS
Men's Black and Brown Winter Calf Boot*. Not a
heavy boot, but still one that will keep out the wet.
It comes with or without toe caps. _\C QC
Our special price, per pair    ePO.t/O
PIERRE PARIS
51 HASTINGS WEST
IMMIGRATION
Australians Are Opposed to
Machinations of
Hughes
Trades Unions Claim There
Is No Room for More
People
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
(Australian Bureau)
Melbourne, Australia—The Australian prime minister, W. M. Hughes, in
an official statement, says that $180,-
000,000 is to be spent in a comprehensive immigration scheme, by which
in the near future new settlers will arrive ln Australia at the rate of 100,-
000 per annum. The immigrants will
be settled In the various States of the
Australian Commonwealth as they arrive-
Already arrangements for settling
the new arrivals have been concluded
between the Federal government, controlling the scheme, and the various
State legislatures. The British government is a party to the scheme.
The initial coat of settling _*ba new
arrivals, $5000 per head, ls to be assumed by the three governments-
British, Australian Federal and the
State government concerned.
There U much opposition to tht
immigration soheme. The trade unions
claim that as there are thousands of
unemployed ln Australia, they should
be absorbed ln Industry before any
immigrants are introduced. Further,
they fear that local workera will be
displaced to make room for the new
arrivals, since the governments are
pledged to provide the immigrants
with work.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federationist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
At tho Orpheum
"Come on Red!" Come on John B.
Hymer!
Thus the famous vaudeville line may
be paraphrased to suit the occasion,
for John B. Hymer is to return to the
Orpheum theatre next week with his
now classic, "Tom Walker ln Dixie."
Mr. Hymer has a never-to-be-forgotten role, that of an old negro, who
dreams he bargained with the devil
for immunity from punishment. Consequently, when he finds himself in a
predicament, he terrifledly snaps his
fingers and implores, "Come on Red!"
So much interest nnd humor has
been stirred by his performance that
Mr. Hymer's pet expression is now
familiar to theatre-goers wherever
there is an Orpheum theatre. The
sketch was originated by Mr. Hymer,
who is an author of considerable note.
East Is West," one of his most recent dramatic successes, he wrote in
collabortion with Samuel Shipman as
^ORPHEUM-
WEEK COM. WED. EVE., DEO. 6th
Four Nights and Three Matinees
 WAITER 0. KELLY	
JOHN B. HYMER & OO.
MIDDLETON tnd SPELLMEYEB
OPT and PEAEL MAOLEY
THANK WABD snd DOLLIES	
80ANLOM, DEKKO Bros. * SOAKLON
ELLY—Ihe Little Mattel
Mats: ISo to lie; Wihti: 26- to |1
Twice Dally, >:>0 ul 1:11
a starring vehicle for Fay Balntel
He also assisted in turning out nume _
ous vehicles for his own and othal
players' usage. m
Assisting Mr. Hymer in his vaudel
ville playlet this season will be: Petff
Swift, Olive Wright, David Walter*
Richard Watson, Tom Cullen, Geors
Davles, Ralph Jones, Frank StanseJ
and John Winton.
J. Ii. L. Notes
The Junior Labor League is noij
commencing its winter membership
campaign. Officers havo been elected
for the present term, and a success!
ful season is at hand. If any younj
people are interested in this moves!
ment, they will be welcome at a meet'J
iny to be held nt 21—13th West, oil
Friday, Dec. 8, at 8 p.m. For furtheff
information, phone Sey. 3510, or Fair]
2126R.
DANCINi
Every Moo., Wed. aad Sat. Evenings
THE NEW ALEXANDRA
DANMNO PAVILION
801 HOBNBY ST.
Opp. Court Home I
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48 % CORDOVA EAST
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
Renders of Tlio Fedorationist
I wish to call your attention to the
fact that I, Alderman Frank 13. Wood-
eido, am a member of tho Western
Federation of Miners, and have boen
since 181.6. I was a member of the
executive when tho eight-hour day for
metalliferous minora was passod by the
Provincial govornmont, which established tho eight-hour day in B. C.
As an old-timer in the Labor movement, I solicit your support for reelection ln the coming civic election
on December 13th.      (Paid advt.)
"Not Tonight, Dearie"
The offering at the Empress next
week will be found one well-timed
for foggy weather, and judging from
rehearsal reports, will be one of lf not
the best of a number of excellent productions.
"Not Tonight, Dearie" deals with
throe couples who want to be married. The flrst are Frank and Dolly.
The second are Frank's father, who
has never seen Dolly, and supposes
his son ls at college, and Dolly's mother, who has nover seen Frank, and
thinks her daughter ls almost anywhere but where sho is. The third ls
Dorothy Madison, of the Follies de
Paris, and Rosenheimer, her manager. Fate brings them to the same
Inn, on the same night. Dorothy's
necklace disappears and al) kinds of
ludicrous complications arise before
affairs are straightened out and the
couples accomplish their original purposes.
"Not Tonight, Dearie," ie designed
to get laughs by the hundreds, and It
gets them. It's lines have the up-to-
date Broadway twist. It's situations
fairly spill one over the other.
The Empress management announce
through our advertising columns a
new scalo of prices; "timely prices,"
thoy call them, and there is little
doubt that the several thousand weekly patrons of the popular stock theatre
will appreciate this "falling into line"
in the way of pricos and so, not only
continue their weekly visit, but pro-
vail on a few of thoir friends to accompany them.
Empress
Hastings St. East—Phone Sey. 2492
WEEK COM. MONDAY. DEO. 4th
A   Satirical   Fnrco   of   Matrimonial
Complications
'Not Tonight Dearie'
—Timely Prlcea—
Evenings   Top Price 60c
Matinees, All Seats 26c
BESERVE NOW
VOTE FOR EX-MAYOR
LOUIS D. TAYLOR
FOR MAYOR FOR 1923
A vote for him is a vote for a man who will endeavor
to take the city out of the dry rot from which
it is now suffering.
L. D. believes in the motto, "Live and let live"—an
even break to all our citizens.
The abolition of the garbage can tax.
The readjustment of the trades license bylaw, to the
end that no injustice be done to the small business man in outlying districts.
Day labor whenever it is possible on civic work.
Abolition of property qualifications for civic offices.
Eight-hour day, 44 hours a week, union wages to be
enforced in all civic contracts.
Necessary permanent improvements to be undertaken at once.
YOUR SUPPORT AND INFLUENCE IS
EARNESTLY SOLICITED
Headquarters:
424 PENDER ST. WEST        PHONE SEY. 2363

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