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The British Columbia Federationist Aug 15, 1919

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Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA
■INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER TRADES AND L__BQ#COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTOR*
SLEVENTH YEAR.   No. 33
EIGHT PAGES
ll
(Men Claim That Period Is
Par Too Short for
Efficiency
[Equipment Is Inadequate
and Not Sufficient
Teachers
Last Friday, returned mss under
||oing vocational training keld i
I masting in the C. N. B. depot to die-
leas many grievances. The men
claimed that tke period sf training
wss not long enough, and thst pro-
I fer equipment wat not provided, and
I ttat there wat an insufficiency ot
| (seekers ter thc number of men on*
| ployed.
E. A, Kidder presented tbe follow*
ling resolution regarding the period
let training students asd tke question
[ of apprentices or helpers:
"Wkoreas a resolution covering
I tkt above wat placed before ths
■ Provincial Government by tke «**
Issrvieo delegation of Vietoria during
I tke lsst session ot tke Provincial
I Parliament, being endorsed by tbo
IProvincial .cabinet, such resolution
I being submitted to Ottawa by two
Icabinet ministers at tbt delegation's
I request, snd
"Wkeress the present machinery
I te onsurc tkat practical training and
I finishing coarse aa apprentices or
[helpers, requires considerable im-
Ipraveoent to guarantee tbat public
| nosey.bt expended in providing slu-
| dents wib Uie practical knowledge
I ud training necessary, and
"Whereas, it ie considered desir*
| able that tbe goodwill and co-opera*
[ tion of manufacturers . associations
[ aad trade unions be enlisted on behalf of vocational students;
'Therefore, bs it resolved tbat
[ this msss meeting ef vocational
its do endorse the principle of
| the parliamentary resolutions, i. e.,:
"(1) To afford such facilities in
the period of training as will guarantee the efleieacy of the student in
ths vocational elass aad hia subsequent experience ia a factory or
workshop.
"(I)   Bnaet tuch regulations Is
the system of vocational training as
•iB preveat jneficieney, by extend*
s course te 12 months, which
Jtahtat to aa apprenticeship
with  six  months  additional
I u aat issprovor.
"OTMhtrht tt rcKlvsd that tke
•JteeeUr of district vocatloaal traia-
iag obtain trsa the B. C. Maantac-
tarert Association aad the various
tndes uaioa organisatioaa, sash information u wiu eaablc bim te extend these teurset for ths period required, and
'Furthermore, thst tke Dominion
Government will make such courses
uniform throughout the Dominion,
which is aot the ease at present."
The following resolution rsgsrding
the full equipment of the tesebing
staff and suitable practical shop
equipment at the various vocational
schools wis introduced by Sherman
CetherwMd sad seconded by Mr,
Kidaer:
"Whereas at this preaent time
considerable difficulty exists both ss
" regards obtaining in many cases
suitable end quilled practical men
to instruct in the varioui trades and
classes and
"Whereas the same diBculty is
experienced regarding mscbinery,
books and other eqaipmsnt vitally
necessary ts afford.the student full
and practical knowledge daring tke
(Continued on page 8)
MTO
GO TO OTTAWA
Receives Endorsation of
the Metal Trades
Council Here
Fnd. Welsh, bnsiness sgeat of
Plumbe-s Union, hss been appoii
by the Tradei snd Labor Congress
ss one ef the Labor representatives
te* attend ths Labor and Employers
conference at Ottawa en September
llth. Mr. Welsh's appointment was
brenugbt up at tbe Metal Trades
Council meeting ea Wcdensday
evening, as he took the stand tkat
unless eadorscd by local labor men
he would net seeept the appointment. Tbe Metal Trades Couneil,
however, endorsed his appointment,
asd he accepted it, and will be at
the conference.
tbo
tinted
An epoch making incident kas
just taken place in France. Tke
General Federation of Labor and the
Socialist Party bave united for poll*
tical and industrial action.
SEN. ROBERTSON
II
Support  of Government
Does Not, However,
Prove Their Value
Conditions to Determine
What  Organization
Workers Will Have
After many years ef strenuous
effort ea the part ef international
organisers, international officers and
executive members of tbe Americas
Federation ot Labor, tbe goal for
which thoy have so persistently asd
consistently fought bet at last been
reached.
Senator Bobertson, Minister of
Labor, in an address to a manufacturers' meeting in Calgary, hai pronounced ths dictum tbat tho government will support tbe internationals.
As the internationals bave consistently supported the government lt
»'*¥.^*mm___t^m
torn-
CO-OP. ELECTS
Enthusiasm   Grows   for
Launching of Society
in Vancouver
The first general meeting cf the
Vancouver Co-operative Society wss
a real lutcest. A great deal of enthusiasm was displayed in connection witk tko project, and it wss
very noticeable that o great part of
tke audience were people wko had
beea members of the gigantic co-operative movement of the British
Isles. Dr. W. J. Curry occupied the
chair. Hr. Thos. Bichardson, ex-British Labor M. P., and wbo was a
director of s Co-operative Society,
gave a very interesting address on
tbe ee-operative mevement, snd
pointed out the possibilities of a like
movemont is Canada.
Mr. H. W.'Watts, secretary of tke
proposed society, explained tke
workings ot tbe Boekedsle plan of
co-operation, and tke advantages to
be obtained by a society in Vancouvor. A committee was elected to
further the work of tbe organisation
with tke object of obtaining 1000
numbers before taking aay action in
the operation of a store. A nnmber
ef people were present from outlying
points, who were desirious of joining
this society, with tbe object of sotting s branch in their own locality.
The organization committee is composed of tbe following: Dr. W. J.
Curry, E. W. Watts, T. Richardson,
Hugh Samson, Mrs. J. Harris, Mrs.
H. Thomas, Mrs. Dunn, J. Watson,
B. Skinner, J. Slingerlund, Mrs. .1.
A. Clark, Mrs. P. Bice, 0. Charlton,
T. W. Hubbard, J. W. Hogg, 0. W.
Moui, Mrs. Lorimer, A. Bryct, Mr.
Dawson, J, Delaaey. Initiation fee
for joining tko society is 50 cents.
Names and addresses of those desir-
bg to become members can be forwarded to H. W. Watts, secretary,
iM Dunsmuir atreet. All wbo sre
now members art arced to secure
aaw wmbefK ~
■snt is tatftied that   the
'sited
Mlae Workers of America will fuMI
what they pledged themselves to
perform." The United Mine Workers of Amorica esanot be quite so
satiated that the government Will
fulfil any contracts which they may
place upon its statute books. If
we take cognizance sf the miners'
strike on Vancouver Island, we find
that that strike was called in ordor
to compel tke governmont of British
Columbia to enforce the Coal Mines
Regulation Act, whieh was being deliberately broken by tho coal operators, and which the government was
making no attompt to enforce. If
tke best that ean bo slid for the
international unions affiliated with
the A. F. of L. is thst the government will support them, that employers should also look favorably
upon tkera, aad that tke O. B. IT.
should die because of ita position to
the cherished ideals of the employer
snd the government, then tbe approbation of the Hon. Gideon is but
tke obituary which he Is preparing
for thc A. F. of L. and kindred organisations.
The workers of this day and date,
witb the memory of tanks, machino
guns and othor implements of warfare in the streets during industrial
struggles, must know that anything
that the government supports in the
way of labor organisations cannot
bo of any bonefit to the workers
tkemsclves. Tke experience of tke
workors, ever since capitalism eame
into existence, kas been tbat for
tveryth'tug which they have receiv
ed, they have had to put up a strenuous fight, and that anything the
government handed out lo thetn has
invariably been of no benefit. When
tho governmont of this country is
prepared to back up the internationals after tbe minister of the government deliberately brooking a striko
called by international unions, by
tbe use of troops snd mounted police, it is only becsuso thoso whom
they represent fear a more solidified form of labor organisation.
Tbe O. B, U. springs out of the
conditions of industry and sot out
of tbo minds of any two or three
men, and so long as the industrial
condition! continue ss at protest existing, so will the particular desire
of the workers for a mere powerful
Organization bo made manifest.
Neitker Gideon Robertsons, primo
ministers, lsbor leaders, aer O.B.U.
advocates will mske tke 0. B. U. s
werking force in industry, but on
the contrary, the industrial conditions, reacting upon the workers
tkcmselvee, will bring that situation
about.
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY *§ItNING, AUGUST 15,1919      ^
(v„£'.,r£*)a50 PER YEAR
ARE SENT
FOR TRIAL
Aw»t»    ___* in
TRIAL
No Discrimination of Lsbsl
The Women's International Union
Label League of Takima, Washington, kas gone on record ss favoring
no discrimination between tbe label
of unions of the A. F. of L. and
unioni force*] out of tho A. F. of L,
In other words, if the goodi sre
union-mudc, the women will purchase them and boost them no matter what organization they art made
A Correction
In the list of monies contributed
to the Telephone IGrls Btrike Fund,
the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council was credited with t83.26.
This should havo been credited to
the Loggers workers in Catbel aad
dorcnsoii 's camp at Jordon Biver.
'Red Costs'Discover Man
Who Signs 'Yours ia
Revolt' to Letters
Another Led 'Soviet Military Force' of Returned Soldiers
[By W. W. L.]
The prisoners' dock would only accommodate two of them, so  tbey
ushered thom into tbe jury box.
Day after day for nearly four
weeks, tbo eight of tbem have filed
in and out of that box. And between the box and tho door of tho
court thc positions usually occupied
by the eity police is taken by the
red-coated Boyal North West Mounted Police. At the table of counsel
for tbo crown sits a gentleman with
an enigmatical countenance. He
chief of the secret police.
Bill Pritchard says tbat if counsel
wish at any time to get a verdict
favorable to a prisoner, they should
insist upon having the jury's seats
made less uncomfortable; whoroupon
Bob Bussell comforts him with the
assurance that if he is sent down to
Stony Mountain for a fow years, bis
anatomy (that was not the word Bob
used) will havo to accustom itself to
still more discomfort. And Bill readjusts himself and his specs and resumes bis philosophical soliloquies,
and contemplations npon Beds, Redcoats and tbo historical mission of
tbe 0. B. U., until rudely awakened
by a dig ia tbe ribs from Dick
Johns, who is afraid that Bill is missing a dissertation upon patriotism
and loyalty from a rotund and sleek
member of tko citizens' special police, whose verbosity hss got the
better of even counsel for the crown.
Bev. (Bill) Ivens has a pre-emption staked in tko northeast corner
of tke box, and works furiously sll
___im_tM_» «■*■■>: tow,s»-«tB»»«i«t
MilMrhe «in vaaqaM.     .
Qee^ Jtrmstreag isys-io is onto
lag .--"Iee -totf _ _y life," in*
view ef his approaching incarceration ia Stony Mountain -but Oeorge
is liks Bob Bussell in some respects.
Anyway, George should not chew tobacco in court, even if the leading
K. 0. for tho crown does chew gum;
neither should he whisper so loudly
if he wishes tc avoid further admonishment from His Worship. By the
way, His Wership is not at all pleased with the general demeanor of the
defendants in his court.
Then there are tho two Winnipeg
Aldermen—Queen and Heaps. Queen
affords a slight relief to tke humdrum monotony of life at court occasionally by adopting an unqueon-
like pooo as ke listens to the story
of his request to Mayor Gray to
"take bis talk about constitutional
authority elsowhere than into thc
bread snd milk committee."
Tke evidence goes to show tkat
tke strike rather surprised its span*
sore. As far as csn bs gathered
from the stories told in court everybody who usually did ssy useful
work just stepped doing it. Whether
or not they belonged to s union doos
not appear to have hsd a great deal
of bearing upon the mattor.
Up to date we bave had almost a
round hundred witnesses to prove
that that was vory inconvenient,
and it must be admitted that his
worship appears to be not without
strong opinions upou that point.
Nobody nt the table for counsel
for defence appears to wish to combat the dictum of the court that
"this was no ordinary strike."
About tbe first thing that thc strike
committee of tkree hundred had to
do was to get some of the strikers
to go back to work. Now that
sounds strangely to tho ear of tho
unsophisticated. But if a community, which includes of courso both
the just and tho unjust, has to havo
water light, bread, milk and one or
two absolutely necessities, tken some
must work!
So a committeo was formed, or
perhaps it should read committees
were formed, and some were "ordered" and some were "permitted" to
go back to work. Somebody whispered to somebody else "Soviot!"
There are two other acts in tkis
play, and both arc rather long—too
long to deal witk adequately here.
One of tbem we will label "Propaganda by Socialist Party of Can;
ada et al." and the otber "Western
Labor Conforrnee at Calgary in the
month of March in this year.
These three acts comprise the
play known as tho "Seditious Conspiracy 1019." Evidence there is
in plenty; for instance Trotsky hss
said somewhere that In Bussia tkey
kad to tako certain moasuros to attain certain ends; Marx in 1848 in
his Communist Manifosto states tkat
tbe communists at that dato had a
certain programme; Bob Russoll
signed a certain letter, "Tours in
revolt;" Ivens onco ran foul of
economics snd declaimed to tko
effect that all belongs to the workers;" George Armstrong attended
the 0. B. U. convention; Pritchard
wrote a letter to Bussell hoping ho
was getting along all right; somebody wroto Chris Stephenson and
said he was getting tired of constitutional methods; somebody saw
"Bod Flags" being sold at five
cents per copy; another man bought
"Soviets at Work;" somebody
dared   write  encouraging  Socialist
Sropaganda from Australia to sonte-
ody in Canada; a man's wife was
(Continued oa page l_
Bail Is Refused Beeause of Fear of
October Strike—Government Must
, Produce Proof It Is -Supposed to
Have or WorkeKpVill BeCom-
pelled to Think That Men
Are Being Railroaded
ON-WEDNESDAY, word wa> raeived from Winnipeg to
the effect that the lahor mea wrested there on the charge
of seditious conspiracy had keen committed for trial, at
the Fall Assizes, and that the Crirtn was arguing againat bail
being granted to the accused. Oil' Thursday it was learned that
bail had been refuted, the Crown "-taking the position that it
feared an October itrike, and the propaganda of the defendants
while at liberty. In the case against Woodsworth and Dixon,
who have been charged with publishing seditious libels, evidence
at to matter published in the strike bulletin was presented, and
the tame evidence was accepted against both of the defendants.
Both are to be sent up for trial, but bail may, in these caset, bo
allowed.
The atatement of the Grown, that the authorities fear a atrike
in October, will not satisfy labor dr any fair-minded section of
the community, at being sufficient, (reason for tht refusal of bail
without further evidence of proof of revolutionary effort. Immediately after the Calgary conference, statements appeared in
the press to the effect that a general strike was to be called in
June. The strike came off pret'tMiear to schedule, but it was
not brought off because of the wqwers' desire to have a strike,
but it was engineered by the big business interests of this country, in the effort to crush organizcd«labor in Canada. The statement that an October strike is feared, is a very similar statement
to those that appeared aftor the Calgary conference. Is there
being framed up another situation that will compel the workers
to down tools? So fat* as organized labor is concerned there is
no knowledge as to any attempt to be made by labor to pull a
general strike in October. There fgino knowledge in the ranks
of labor, nor ia there any desire .to cause a general strike at any
time unless conditions compel the, workers to adopt the strike
method as a last resort. But. if tig government of this country
is seeking to create a situation wnich will -compel the workers
to down tools, then the refusal of bail to thc workers sent up
for trial ia a very good start.        >;
Labor is most vitally interested In getting at llifctruth of the
statements appearing in the pres* as to the evidence that the
Crown is supposed to have agaipt the men now lying under
these most serious charges.  Labor is alto interested in the manner in'which trials of labor men are conducted.   The history
of the labor movement is rcplete**jvith instertees of men being
railroaded to gaol on trumped-upjcharges, and faked evidence.
The workers realize that if there "
ranks of labor and sent to tht P<
impartial trial, tfat IMS* _«'f*
the wurtang-djm movenwt. 1
conditions, the kbor movement
ed and put out of business.   TK
in this case than even the liberty o? the men under indictment;
they have to consider ita effect on the labor movement.
If, as inferred, the government nat evidence that would.warrant the men being refused bail, thtn the most interested people
are the workers, for the men tent, for trial arc repreaentatives of
labor, and to date the workers Will not believe that there wat
any attempt to bring about a revolution, and to date there hat
been no evidence brought forward that would give the slightest
ground for any such charge. The workers are tired of inferences, they want the proofs, so that they can act in accordance
with the facts of the case. If the government, as stated, has
the proofs, then the workert demand that they be produced now,
and not after they have, through the withholding of tuch
proofs, if they exist, arrived at the conclusion that the men are
being railroaded, and they take] actions against thc methods
adopted, cither by a general strike, or any other method they
may adopt. If the leading spirits in the labor movement have
in any way acted contrary to the interests of the working class,
and have been in collusion with enemy agents, or have attempted to bring about a revolution in \his eountry, the most interested people are. the members of organized labor. They demand
the proofa, or there is only one. conclusion that they ean arrive
at, and that is that they don't exist, and the men are the victims
of a conspiracy, a conspiracy which is aimed at the labor move*
ment, and the individuals are to bi) the first victims of a dastard*
ly attempt to destroy it.
I
■any man taken  from the
mtiary without a fair and
Loggen Become Immune
to Organiaztion When
"Busted"
Coast Workers Obtain All
Demands in Short
Order
Why are the loggers of the short-
log country not.able to get as good
working conditions as thoso on the
coaat t There's a roason, and one
which should be understood. There
is no effect without a cause, and
knowledge of the causes of the situation which exists in the inland
districts of the provinee should
enable tho adverse conditions to bc
remedied, that is if improvement is
desired, and obviously it is, or thc
logger would not have organized.
Ho has somo other object than merely paying dues to an organization.
A clause is the constitution prove.-.
this, stating "the purpose of the organization is to advance and maintain the social and economic interests of the members."
One great cause of the existing
conditions is thc rancher-logger,
whose case has boon dealt with in
previous issues; it is interesting to
note the number of protests which
have come to hand objecting to
the generalizations condemning the
rancher-logger for his willingness to
accept adverse camp conditions.
Bome have claimed that it's tho
prairie fanner who is , mainly tho
guilty party and not the man who
takes up a tract in B. C. from whieh
he oxpects to realize enough for his
timber, or deed, to lift himself, to
a degree, off the labor market. The
subject is well worthy of full dis-
enssion in "The Worker," 80 let
the members holding views diverse
from those previously cxpMMei. In
the   "Fed."   eome   through.   Wo
walwe that, under these
d a short time be crui'
orkers have more at sta'
Splendid  Programme  Is
Arranged for Outing
Saturday
On Saturday the Plumbers and the
Sheet Metal Workers are joining together for a day's outing. The committee in chargo of the arrangements are leaving nothing undone to
make tho day a memorable one in
the history of the organizations taking part. The ferry leaves for North
Vancouvor at 9:10 a.m., and will
be met by special ears, which will
convey the crowd to Mahon Park,
aud from the moment of arrival to
the hour of return, thero will not be
a dull moment. A baseball game is
scheduled to commence at 10:30 a.m.
and the sports will commence at 1 p.
tan. There will be 24 events, and
splendid prises havo been provided
for the winners of tho various
events. General Organiser Jack
Brueo has been in town for some
littlo time in connection with the
negotiations for a now agreement
and wage scale. Meetings have already taken place with the omployers, but on Saturday thc Plumbers
will leave all cares bohind and forget the troubles incidental to the
struggle for an existence.
Orpheum Theatre to Open
The Orpheum Theatre will re-open
on Monday with vaudeville, and the
usual high-class shows wilt again bc
enjoyed by the peoplo of Vancouver.
Tho tausic by tho Orpheum orchestra
is worth the price of admission at
any time, and is one of thc best
turns at any show. In addition, it
is a union band, and all employees
of this theatre who can be mombers
ot organised labor, arc members of
Mme union.
 „    , .__       .      eome    „
ior any active member 0$ #* W* tpitat ,ifcit B$ J? ™*
-•      - -     --  -**« one ot the most outstanding" evi
dences in support of onr contention
, the conditions at Hutton in the t*. 0.
district, eotopoied almost-enttrely of
farmer-loggers, - co-operators whose
living and working conditions beggars description.
Beoie Joints Open
In Cranbrook district another
factor enters into thc case, here, and
at Tahk, as everybody knows, the
saloons are wide open. Ton ean go
in broad daylight, call for your
Scotch and throw down the four-
bits, or, if you prefer, its seven per
eent, from thc conveniently loeuted
breweries. What's the result! Thc
logger eomes in town with his (>»'•
cheque, hands it over, and a d:v
or two afterward is broke and compelled to accept a job in a human
pig-sly 0 at the 0. P. R. camps, 01
of those of other liko employees.
Prohibition has done more for the
coast logger than anything else. He
is now a man, and knows it, and insists upon being dealt with as a human being. And as soon as tho up-
country logger decides to cut out
the booze outfits at Crnnbrnok and
Takh, ho will have taken the biggest
step toward his ultimate emancipation. It's granted lhat all up-
country loggers are- not boose artists, far from it, but the indisputable fact remains that the booze
artist is always down and out, consequently has to accept work under
conditions which he would not otherwise do, nnd through his necessity
compel his fellow-worker to put up
with like conditions.
On Sunday's meeting n delegation
was present from the Timber Workers' Industrial Union 0^ Beilingham,
where there is a striko on against
four camps nnd mills of tho BlocdeM-
Donovan outfit. The works are shut
down tight, and the boys say it's a
fight to a finish, with victory certain
if they get nil support from other
districts. Their own treasury is depleted owing to heavy expenses in
extending organization against thc
4-L body, which they have been able
to successfully rope with. The
bosses aro equally determined to
flght the cane to a finish, as they
strongly oppose tho O. B. V. tendencies of the timber workers. They
have triod to prevent tho strikers
from getting provisions, so as to
starve them back. The meeting donated $100 Hnd recommended the
caso to the executivo to make it
$500. Appeals have also been sent
to all camps to aid financially nnd
also to prevent logs being sent
across to this company's mills.
$670 for Defense Fond
Six hundred and seventy dollars
has been contributed by members io
the central defence fund of tho Winnipeg and other class-war prisoners,
This has been turned over to the
central committeo and will bc acknowledged through thc Fed. and
Worker.
'he men at the Merrill, Ring k
Moore Camp at Duncan Bay arc perfecting arrangements to carry on a
long picket of the job if necessary.
Thu construction gang camo out to
u man upon thc cnll of thc strike
committee. The employers soy they
will shut thc camp down rnther than
come through. They need not worry,
thc orguni/.ution will sec that it in
kept closed until conditions itro arranged satisfactory to thc men on
strike.
At   King's   camp,   Newton,   the
camp has closed for a time.   Beforo
re-opening it will bc  necessary  to
conform to the new    schedule    of
{Continued oa pave Hi   .
TIMERS
ATS.P.MM
Kinney and Earp Will
Speak at Empress
on Sunday
The Socialist Party of Oaaada will
bare two speakers on the platform
next Sunday night, W. Kinney aad
REarp.
Theee popular meeting* continue
to be well atteaded by tke workere
ot Vancourer. Questions affecting
tkt working elass are dealt witb
from tbe Socialist point of riew, by
speakers wko by aetual eiperienec of
a working elass existence, thoroughly
understand what they are talking
about, and wbo also real i so tbat it Is
only tbe workers themselves, armed
with a knowledge of their dare status in society, who will bring to an
end the vicious and depraving conditions whieh exist at present. Come
and learn I Knowledge is poweri
Meoting opens at 8 p.ra. * Questions
and discussion as usual.
REFUSAL OF
M
Trades Council to Tab
Action to Secure Justice
ior Labor Men   '•
10
Seven Million Families to
Throw Down Gauntlet
to Big Business
Rousing   Meetings   Held
on Sunday Evenings
|     by Labor Party
Many and various bave boen thc
subjects hau-llcd on tho Labor Party
ilatform on 8unduy evenings snd on
landny next Lestor will deal with a
I new one, namely,  "The  High
Oost of Living."   Cno thing is ccr-
fin, that if there is any solution,
ientilic or otherwise, of this problem, wc want it quick if it has to be
of ony use. To dio of starvation or
from any otber cause won't help
either, for the high cost of dying
Might well form the btsls of still
another subject. We pass this on to
Lestor as a suggestion,
.. Moonlight Trip Waa a Success
, The moonlight excursion, held
under the auspices of the Federated
Labor Party last Friday evening,
-Jns voted a great success by all in
attendance. Tho night eould not
have been better. Leaving the
wharf ut 7.30, tho No. 5 mado line
lime, tho way she rode tho swells
keeping the crowd in high spirits all
the wuy. An hour and a half was
spent in duueing at Horseshoe Bay
until 10.36. Thc excursionists roturned to the city ubout 11.50. Tho
patty cun cortuinly be congratulated
on the success of its first moonlight
excursion.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs Local 666
This local is now meeting thc
second and fourth Wednesday. The
reorganization is proceeding apace
.111(1 ull members wishing to retain
their international cards should call
at the offlee, Boom 209 Labor Temple, which is open every Wednesday
evening, and also during the day.
Co-operative and  Trade
Union Movements to
Join Forces
London—Ralph Courtney, specinl
correspondent for the New York Tribune, has sont his paper an exclusive
story on tho phenomenal development of tho cooperative movement
in Great Britain, from which the following is quoted:
The great trade union movement
in Britain, with its 6,040,000 members, has decided to join forces with
the Union of British Cooperative
Societies, With a membership of
about 4,000,000, in order to dominate
produotoa, consumption and dixtri
butioa. lu Britain.
TU« amalgamation -will repreient
tha ft#t»st business combination in
Mstorjr It will dwarf, ln power if
aot in funds, the gigantic Federation
of British Industries, with IN capital
of ♦80,000,000,000.
The new combination is organicod
to flght such etganl-ations as the
British Federation. In lta interna*
tional aspect tho combined ; trade'
union and co-operative movements
will be the greatest enemy of '-big
business" interests throughout the
world.
In Britain alono tho combined
unions would include nearly three-
quarters of tho inhabitants. If the
organizers hare their way, it will be
invincible in tho industrial Held.
It is estimated that, after allowing
for overlapping of membership, the
combined movements control 7,000,-
000 adult members. Close on 7,000,-
000 families would support the trust,
and eaeh of these families would includo on nn average two adults and
three ehildrcn.
A joint advisory couneil of eo-
optrators nnd trado unions has been
constituted to draw up a plan of
campaign for the new organisation,
Press Propaganda Carried on to Inflame Public Against Men
The refusal of bail fcr the mea
arrested in connection r-lth the general strike in Winnipeg was brought
lefore last night's meeting of tha
Vancouver Trades aad Labor Conncil, by a resolution drafted by tha
eiecutive, and which was paaaed
unanimously. Thc resolution is as
follows:
Whereu, thc cause of the general atrike in Winnipeg, which
afterwards spread throughout tho
western provinces, wu caused by
the metal trades employers refusing
to deal with thcir workers on a coiled ivo basic, and;
"Whereas, the press reports of
tbe preliminary hearing in the trial
of the men arrested at Winnipeg
show a deliberate attempt to introduce opinions and statements intending, to incriminate thc aeeuaed,
and;
Whereu, bail has now been refused because the Crown prosecutor
states that he has roliablo information that the aeensed are intending
to call a general strike on October
flrst (this statement being in our
opinion u deliberate falsehood, and
mode with thc intent to prevent the
accused from securing their liberty
until thc timo cf thc trial, thereby
preventing them from telling their
fellow-workers what actually trans.
>ired during the preliminary keur-
n*!),*
"Therefore, bo It resolved, that
we, the Vancouver Tradei and Labor
Couneil, circularize every labor organization in this city aad district,
asking -.horn to forward a protect to
the Minister of Justico at Ottawa
against this flagrant miscarriage of
justice, and be it further recoived;
"Tkat a copy of this be sent to
all tradei and labor councils, asking
them to take a similar action."
The local defense committee reported that full information wu being secured from the legal reprccen-
tatlvet at the men, aad that the
matter ol farther action waa belief
Hotel and Besteurant Employeea
The Hotol and Restaurant Em
ployoes held a lively session on Wed
nesday evening. Tho meeting decided to take u referendum vote on tbe
subject of affiliution with tho Trades
and Labor Council. Tho vote now
bofore thc membership on thc O. B.
U. will bo 'in by Thursday. Organizer Farmilo, of'lho A. F.of I... and
McDonald nnd Woods of thc 0. B.
I'., addressod the meeting. A eon-
siderablc number of question? were
uked by the membership, whieh
brought out ninny interesting points
necessary for the intelligent disposal
of the question of whore to line up.
A Splendid Exam-don
Tho iii'iunlight excursion hold hy
tho Vancouver Telephone Operators
Loenl 77, was a complete success in
every respect. Sis hundred and
fifty people took in tho excursion,
and tha campers on Bowen Island
remarked tbat it was the biggest
crowd seen on tho island this year.
The moon was out as per arrangements, tho sea wns smooth and the
weather was just delightful. Thc orchestra played both on the boat and
in the pavilion, and the dancers managed to find enough room in both
places to indulge in the light fantastic. Kverybody complimented thc
Telephone Operators on the success
of the excursion.
Tho following contributions have
been mnde to tno Telephone Oporn.
tors' benefit fund:
Shipwrights' Local 1803 *260,00
M. A. Smith, S. Vancouver....     2.00
Fat Meal Tickets
The American Federation of Labor
convention voted to inerease the salary of the president, Sum Gompers,
from $7900 to 1)10,000 per yenr, aud
to increase the salary of the secretary-treasurer from 1(5000 to *7000
per yenr. The salary of organizers
was raised from $7 to $8 por day,
and hotel oxpenses were inerensed
from 1*1 to 00 per day, bringing the
totnl expense of orgnnizers up to -tit
per *dny, plus ruilroud and other incidental expenses.
017 V. B. Carpenters
By u vote of 1*1 to 1.1, l.ocnl til" I*.
B. Curpenters decided on Monday
night, to sever tlieir connection with
thc Vuneouver Trudes nnd Labor
Couneil. No action wns taken, bow*
ever, on the question of aflllioting
with the nuw ••iiunr.il.
Beporting « the cue of the Bm-
siau .arretted in   tha   eity,   Aek.
Midgley  stated   the  cue* against
theee -neit was being conducted  in
camera, and after the cue had beea
concluded, the press was given the
prosecution side of thc caae, and no
meatjon wu made of thc defense.
Ho itated thit in the cue. of -Brer*
off the defense claimed that he had
been doped by plain clothes men, and
urged to commit crimes, and whe
sent him to different Bussians now
under arrest, to   secure   revolvers,
and that when he failed to get them,
gavo him money to buy them.    He
also stated that the   accused   wero
having produce* as evidence against
them, tho fact that they had copies
df "The Death Train of Siberia,"
an artielo which appeared   in   the
American Red Cross magazine for
April of this year.   Ho stated that
it appeared to be tke purpose of the
authorities to   arouse   considerable
feeling in order lo give color to the
chargos preferred agalut the labor
men who hnd been sent for trial in
Winnipeg.  It wus also reported that
the families of the arrested Russians
were in destitute circumstances, and
(Continues on page 4)
L
WiU
New   Organization
Elect Officers
Monday
The amalgamation of the tw<
unions formerly known m tbe Kiigt'
neers, Firemen ami Oilers imil ike
Mill Workeri Wok plaee nt the regti
lar business moeting of.tho Kiigi*
teen on Monday, llth inM.
In future theae organization! will
bc known tm thc B. C. Kaginefi* mm!
Milt Worker* Unit of Ue O. B. V.
Quite aa interesting disewwion
took place on industrial unioniera,
and there is no doubt that this unit
wilt become one of the moat progressive factors in the working elans
movement of th-is Province.
In order that all members of tbo
new organization may bc given the
opportunity of voting for their
choice of a representative on th« «■-
ccutive board, the Engineers agreed
to have au election of oftieere t*k«
plac« the first meeting after tho Mti-
algumution took pluce and on Monday next, the ISth inst., all member*
of this uirit should make it their
business to be present at the meeting
which commences at 7:50 f,\m., in
room 302, Ub.»r Temple, and cant
their ballot for tho_>e whom thoy eon-
cider nro mont capable of represent
ing them us officers in the new or-
gnnir.atlon.
This luiialgumation has added 4M>
members to the local. The Interne.
tionol is utlcmpling to roorgnitiui
lho .Steam und Operntiii(f Engineers
Union, At ils tn eating on "Wednesday, Novcii membors were present,
fout from Vancouver, and ttirto
from New Westminster. Whilo tliis
meeting wos going on, tho O. B. U.
was mnking out etirds for £0 new
numbers,
Tlio Carpenter unions of fck-utlle
Imve just organized thcir own ship
building nnd n r.m'■■■«tic plant. PAGE TWO
blkventh yeab. No. 3s    THE BRITISH COL-UMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. o.
1 .-•*
Men's $25, $30, $35
Odd Suits
AUGUST
CLEAN-UP
$15
Arnold & Quigley
546 Granville Street
SLATER'S
QUALITY      SERVICE      FREE DELIVERY
oaoOTiT DBMimrat
peovimom DsrAxmsm
rlae.t Red Salmon, 1 lb.
ttat  _	
riant Flak -Sinus, 1 lb.
tia.	
Finest Sockey. Salmon,
HsH poaad tins	
Pork and Btsas.
a for   „._
rtne.t  Ssrdin...
3 for  _.	
38c
25c
25c
25c
25c
Sister's SUM* Stmky
Bscoa. Ik. .
Slator'a SUcod ttttakf
Bicei, Ib.
Siller's  altcod  Back
Bicoo,  Ib.	
Stater's Sllee* Bouloss
BlU, lb...
Bilor'i Slioed A/ribire,
55c
60c
60c
45c
60c
 mam srani	
Fineit   Nibob   Vintfir,   reff.   35«
qmrt bottle, Saturis. OA-
onlr   bollto ".".... ....   6IK.
Ojilrii'i Roll** Oils,
Sib. wok 	
B. a K. Wheillew,
6-lb. sacks 	
On-sn- of
Aunt Jemima Psnciko
Flour  	
40c
45c
25c
25c
tWWI-WHll-WflU
riiNI No. 1 Alberta* Cmmerj*
Buttor, rec. 100 lb., Datardir
from 0 s.m. to12 aooa,     fi-DC
Limit"» "lte!     ""^    *■".*
Finest Ciaidlaa Obeeee,
Ib.
flnut Boot Drippinr,
Finest Cooked Tongue,
Ib.
i\_t_\
St. Denis's Bikini Pm-dor,  11-
__'__. ...15c
Tlnost Veil Lost,
38c
35c
55c
35c
feme meat dipabtmbht
"Iii"'"!_!_'.'.!"!•.       12H-B
Pot Rossis, from,
Ik 	
Ovon Routo, froo**,
lb.
"BBBROTB  U_t> s.Uia!
Floes* Compound Lard, rsi. 40c
lb.    Saturdar ir-ljr, from I a.m.
«• } *—• __&_•.
Limit 4 lln.
Local Limb Shoulders,
Locil Limb tolas,
lb.
Loeal Lamb L«_i,
lb. ..„ ."..*_.
15c
..... 17c
26</.c
mc
__, 35e
f bust Picnto Htm,
tb.
38'/2c
Finest Sireskr Bscon, CO I/*-*,
br tk* aid* Ib   Dtf'/jC
 BMS-Iflol-8MI	
riant Alborta hak Ens, onlr.
S.«  _ 58c
THREE BIG STORES
IU BAaraiOS ITBBBT EAST
im oBAHvnut mm   -
atat aum nam   •   •   •
thaa ley. MM
PkcacliF. aca
neaaralr. IMS
THIS ISWQERntYoTh-rt that Ktat Market b conducted bi
gfTtflf*y« with tfct rules af At AiMlg-jwte-l^aat Cattatt
tmt mttthm Wtnata of North Amarm A. F. ef L.
it io tke ptrowwn of ad.
scum Cf MirHoairr as irss ammom-ai-i. sautf Comae
am cuTOMsa «cumin or nosth aucaok a s er l
west
The Above Card Displayed in Batchers'
Stores Denotes That Union Men Are Employed;
.The following butchers ara worthy of erery consideration by
members of organiacd labor. "Show this ad. to your wife." Only
UrsUlasc meat at reasonable prices is handled by these stores:
MODEL MABKET 490 Bobson St.   Sv. Wit
VBBNON MABKET MS Toman Drift
MAT CBOCKEB - .....Ml'/, CampbeU Arc  High. 110
B.L. PABXBB.
 .TW—Stm An. Eaat,   Itutr 127
I. X. L. MAXKEt INS—Mk Went.   Ear. Ut
BEBESTOBD'S PHH MABKET... 1747 Commercial Dr.  High. 4»
DEVON MABKET 4890 Fraaer Ara.   Pair. SS
OEO. ATBB8' MABKET....: _W7 Joyce Bold.   OoUingwoot IM
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
WHOUSALI MBROHAMT8 AMD IMPORTERS
Pry Qooit, OenU' Faraiihitvgi
VICTORIA, B. 0.
MANUFACTURERS OP "BIO HORN" BRAND
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, Eto.
ractety organiacd uadcr "United Oarmcnt Workere of America-'
ENZA HASAN Zapataland-Actual Communism ENRAGED PEOPLE
EFFECT IH
E
Militant Section Not Sat
isfied With Progress
Being Made
The Shoe Question!
IT'S A VITALLY IMPORTANT ONE WITH
ALL MEN AND WOMEN TODAY.
Measure up this Shoo Store from every angle
and we'll secure your shoe trade.
Our Shoes are the best in leather and workmanship that the factories produce. Onr
prices are never 'boosted' or 'exaggerated.'
We treat you courteously—willingly flt oa
as many styles as you caro to try,
whether you make a purchase or
not. Wo are satiated you'll agree
wo carry tha best Shod at any
atated prioe
Goodwin Shoe Co.
119 HASTINGS ST. EAST
May Form an Industrial
Win; of Labor
Movement
[By Franc-is Ahem]
The annual Australian labor conferenco opened at Sydnoy on Junel
7 last and remained iu session for
a fortnight. There were about 200
delegates present at the opening, but
owing to tbe influenza epidemic the
conference thinned from day to day
ho that at the conclusion thore remained but a skeleton'of a gathering to transact business.
However, tho work of the conference was largely abortive as far as
actual bunness was concerned. Tho
first day's proceedings showed that
the conference was divided into two
sections—one section wishing to walk
warily in view of the approaching
elections and not wishing to do anything that would alienate the middle elass. vote from labor when the
appeal to the people was in ado. This
section did not favor any radical
changes at alt—aiming to flrst got
into power and then make the necessary changes when they wore in
a position from which they eould act
rather than speak. The other section
at tho conference—the militants—
wanted a straight out declaration of
policy, in keeping with the advances
made by the workers of other coun
tries. Thoy aimed at presenting &
revolutionary programme, and taking thcir chances on that.
The militants forced the issue and
succeeded in getting before tho conference a definite motion as follows:
"That the object of the Australian
labor party bc tbe establishment of
a state of social democracy in which
tho entire means of wealth produc
tion shall be owned and controlled
by the community of workers industrially organised. (S) That this be
the sole issue of future elections in
or-dcr that a clear and definite mandate may be given by the electors,
thus enabling the. party's represent*
atives, if elected, to give it legislative -effect. (3) That aa many of
the planks of the Muting platform
imply support of a continuance of
the capitalistic system of production
for profit, conferenco elect a revisory
committoe who shall be empowered
to eliminate everything incompatible
with tbo foregoing objective and to
draft tho essential component of a
scheme of socialistic administration,
(.) That the scheme as drafted together with an explanatory preamble
bo submitted not later than one
month from the expiration of tho
conference to the affiliated leagues
nnd unions for their endorsement or
otherwise by ballot. (5) That in the
ovent of tho foregoing being carried
by- conference, a campaign of -propaganda be commenced with the object of acquiring the general publie
witb thc changed economic circumstances engendered by the war, and
which make a peaceful revolution of
the social system urgent and imperative if the working classes arc to
escape degradation of tbeir standard
of living and a condition of servitude culminating probably in a war
even more devastating than the one
from which we have just emerged."
There was a lengthy discussion
around this proposal which lasted
for some time. During the debate
tho leader of the extremist section
warned the conference that unless the
labor party set out to justify itself
and march in keeping with the
movements of other countries, another and newer movement would
come to take its place. Ho added
that it was impossible to crush the
inspirations of tbe working masses.
However, tho motion baving for its
purpose the changing of tbo objective of the labor party was defeated
by a small majority.
The defeat of this motion, from
whieh so much was hoped, caused
the militant section of the conference to lose heart. They wero never
able to get a majority of votes at tbe
conference nnd much of the business that followed was of a neutral
naturo. At the election of officers
for the current year, so bit tor was
the feeling between the two sections
that the moderates managed to get
their nominees elected for all positions—not a singlo militant getting
oh to thc executivo of thc movement.
When thc result was made known
there was some protest—the militants claiming (—and rightly so)
that as they represented nearly half
the conference they were at leaat
entitled to some representation on
the eiecutive of Ihe movement.
Tho upshot of the business was
that the militants withdrew from
conferenco in a body and re -assembled elsewhere to consider their position. When this took place thc conference camo to an end—it beiug
impossible to carry on with the conference split into two sections.
The militants now became the left
wing of the labor movement in the
stato of New South Wnles. They
comprise mainly the industrial or
ganisations who have lately beon
forced to the decision that industrial
rather than political action is the
best way out of the difficulties of
the present time. Efforts are being
mode to re-unite the two wings of
the movement again but as the labor
council of Now South Wales is standing solid behind the militants there
does not appear to be much hope
cf a truce at tho present time.
It U most likely that while the
militant section is now a soparate
body, it will still stand behind the
political moderate section with its
support at election time but that it
will make endeavors to foroe tho lalior political party to shapo itself
more in keeping with tho rovolution
ary movements of other countries.
The militants believe that the
jority of the Australian people are
behind them—and personally I hold
the samo belief—and that the peo*
pie want something vastly moro radical than they havo had, in view of
the changed conditions sfneo tho war.
Savo for a fow smalt union organisations that do not count tke _*iU-
w
FttlBAT-
-August 15, ill
Four Million People on Area of the State of Vietoria
—No Private Property, Money or Barter—Local
Government U$der Minimum Centralization
Zapatnland.   Where if *i% - What1 'carry heavy penalties, for those fall-
is itf To begin with, it does not exist in South America, but th a portion of Mexico, Mexico is a big
country, but ia that portion of it
embracing Morelo, Jalisco,, Cfeepas,
Quintana itoo and Tabasco, thore is a
population of nearly 4,000,000 pooplo
ou a territory of 00,000 square miles,
living in a complete social atate.
Most of thc inhabitants are peons.
The poople awoke to a knowledge of
their slavery and a realization of
tbeir heritage. Not one man on the
00,000 square milea holds a. title to
one foot of the land, but the land is
being cultivated by an organized
method. Every citizen of each community .ia given a little brass citizenship tag. It is necessary to
show this only in strange towns; it
is his passport for whatever he needs
for food, clothing and shelter. Each
person goes into the stores and gets
whut be needs for the simple asking. Many volumes have been written about banking and means of exchange. There they are leaving
these problems to the philosophers.
Thero isu . any medium of eichange
in Zapata's land. And here let me
oak why should thero be any on
free earthf Over there, if a man
wants a pair of boots or sandals he
can get them, but why would ho
want themf Ho can always got a
pair when he requires them. So
with all the other provisions. In
practice in tho few yoars tho plan
has been in operation, the peons
have not so far abused the privilege.
They are tho producers, and they
realizo it. Why rob themselves!
There is not one idea of .profit in
that 90,000 squaro miles, and.human
naturo is just as it was whon Adam
delved and Eve span.
Just one instance of haw supplies
are furnished. Thc citizens' took a
fancy to gold rings, beautifully
carved. Thousands of .them were
made, thon they woro placod in
largo baskets in every plaza store—
free for every one. If a person
wanted a dozen rings, that was ull
right—they were his. But the incentive to hoard had departed.
Weeks after thoy were put out there
were rings to be had, and no one
seemed to cure for moro th-an tbey
required. Thoy aro not admitting travellers too freely just
now., because of tbe lying,., reports
carried nway by spying eity-f-qs-jijrtcs.
Death is the penalty for nnyoi*(j obtaining a citizenship chock.(ftil^Iy.
No women or children are ty be
found iu any line of manual labor in
mill, field or factory. Tho, -yj^"»B
aud middle-aged mon alonf} ..work.
They work from one-half-J^(J-hree
hours a day. Some will wo^k,tmore
steadily for a week, nnd.^hen go
away to some town for two ot-t/trcc
woeks to seo and enjoy tb«$r country. For tbe first time, in histor-y, thc
workers came into possession,,ftf a
country that is realty theirs. Workers? Yes, for n.U arc worker .Tfjiere
are no landlords, no "bosses'[.and
overseers to prod them into exhausting toil. And theBe people -are pimple enough to .believe that- man
should enjoy life—that all people
should find pleasure In living. Tho
very acme of Socialism. I am propared to admit that there are soper-
intendents in the administration of
industry. But thoy receive no
wages, just what they need to live
on, and every man, woman, and child
gets that. Tho men will work two
hours and then go out to play handball nnd other games in the plaza or
courts.
When the fields need attention,
men go from ranch to ranch wherever help is needed. In Uke manner
all industry is carried on.
Here let me give my pot example.
One big sugar refinery formerly employed 2500 men, working 14 hours
a day. The refinery still is in operation 14 hours a day. Employees
now work two hours daily. There
arc seven shifts of workers. All
told, there are now 25,000 employees
in that refinery. AH are happy, and
have all tho food, clothing and shelter the land affords.
Access to and co-operation did it.
Trados unionism, single tax and
Socialism are all rolled into one.
Their isn't any regular freight
and passenger service. The-trains
are operated ns required. Production for profits has ceased on all the
90,000 square miles of this planet,
and the milts and mines are run to
manufacture products for use only.
When goods are needed anywhere,
the trnm draws them. Occasionally
few hundred men, women and
children will bo taken into the
mountains by the traiuload for a
few days' outing. It is all a part
of living—no fares to pay.
Practically all administrative
functions, formerly usurped by
'' government,'' are attended to
locatly. There is no officious state
aud elaborate system of courts to
litre that Podunkville, Posy Co.,
Indiana, ahall not add 23 bricks to
its rear wall to the hitching .rack,
because a New England justico of
thu pence, 320 years ago, rendered
nn adverse decision in a somewhat
similar rase. When a local matter
has to be decided, the people assemble at the plaza aud nre addressed
by advocates of the different nfpc-
tions. Those voting for thtt-.opposite sides of the question simply
walk to different parts of tho,pi
The count is taken, and the
ity wins. -rtlflt
Clerical nnd other   "soft   j*
WW
ing heir to these easy lines of
labor are usually ssked to put in
three hours of daily toil—at least a
part of the time. The harder the
job the shorter the hours. Very
difficult or disagreeable work would
not require more thsn ono hour a
day. There is no taskmaster to keep
strict tab on hours and hours, and
issue "labor script" or other artificial devises that some dreamers
would carry from a monopolized
earth into their thcoriies of free
land. The peoplo realize that the
whole country is the union's, and if
there are any who fait to do tho
simplo day's labor required to support an nnexploitcd society, they are
a negligible quantity.
Most of the machinery for-the development of the eountry has boon
brought in from South America.
But tho manufacturing industries
are only developing, und not alto
gether self-supporting as yet.
Thore is no liquor sold. This is
not tho result of prohibitionists. Tho
people have so little desiro for booze
that thev havo quit its manufacture.
In tho short space of threo years
every worker has been united
one industrial union; all titles to
land and ownership of the tools of
production swept away; labor's
hours shortened to the minimum; the
entire population fed, clothed and
sheltered—all through co-operation
on a free earth. Tho avorage man
may not believo that. Ho may think
it savors too much of Paradise. That
is the way with people who dosire
emancipation. They don't believe it
whon they get it. But there it is
all tbe same.—A. W. Wilson, in The
Timber Worker, Melbourne, Australia.
AUSTRALIA IN A
Secret Treaty Made Behind the Backs of
the People
tants have control of the industrial
field. Tbey are encouraged in tl
movo by tbe fact that omployjeis
are now willing to grant almoftt'.tjny
concessions to the workers rather
than have a conflict in industry,
Thoy srgue that if this ean tyidine
without any untoward display 1 of
strength much more can be done if
they are organised along industrial
lines into a strong front. Among- tho
demands they will make is a 40-hour
week in Industry in above-ground
works and a 30-hour week for under-ground workers. They claim that
this reduction in hours of work is
necessary if tho returned soldiers arc
to bo absorbed into industry.
The militant section of tho labor
movement is fast gaining support,
and it lookd like, at the time of writing, as if they will bo able to over
throw the opposition of the moderate section and capture the labor
movement, making it more radical
than it has ever boen before, and
more in harmony with the labor
inovemnaU of the European coimi-
Recent Revelation Cause
of Much Uneasiness
Down Under
It has now leaked out in Australia
that during thc stirring days when
tho British Empire was lighting—in
common with the other Allied nations—for world domocracy, n secret
treaty was made behind the backs
of tho Australian people which promises to prove inimical to tho futuro
well-being of the white races of the
south Pacific.
During the discussions of the Paris peace conferonco it was announced that on February 2, 1917, tho
British government acceded with
pleasure—that sounds rich—to the
request to support Japan's claim regarding tho disposal of Germany's
rights to Shantung and the islands
north of tho Equator, it being understood that the Japanese governmont would treat in thc samo spirit
Britain's claims for tho German islands south of tho Equator.
Under this infamous treaty, the
colored races of Japan were given
the right to cover half tho distance
separating thom from Australia. Today we lind tho Japanese firmly
established in thc Pacific islands off
tho north-east coast of Australia—
whieh by thcir very geographical
situation, make them a menace to
the futuro of tho Austrnlian white
And now that the dsmago has been
done, we have no less a person than
W. M. Htqjhes, the Australian Prime
Minister—whom some patriotic folk
in Ahatralia still persist in hailing
as the savior of whito Australia—
announcing that he regards with suspicion any geographical advance by'
Japan towards Australia.
Two years ago, when the infamous
secret treaty was made between
England and Japan, the same W, M.
Hughes was not found sounding a
warning note nbout the business. Indeed when labor folk in Australia
referred to the danger, Hughes not
only denied it but actually hnd tho
labor speakers prosecuted in the
courts of the country for making
thc statements.
Tho revelation is causing great uneasiness throughout Australia and
tbo labor party has announced that
when it gots control of tho legislature of Australia, il will track down
every net of secret diplomacy during tbo war, and reveal to the people who of the present anti-national
government were responsible. It is
inconceivably to think that tbe se.
cret treaty was made without tho
knowledge of the anti-labor politicians in, Australia, and that being
so, labor has announced that it will
expose those who assented to this
infamous business which jeopardises
tho future of the white races in the
south Pacific. We can rest assured
that when the day of exposure comes
there will be a warm timo for the
politicians concerned.
Ottawa, Onjfc_—The current issue of
the Labor Gazette, issued by thc
government, prints a summary of the
more important industrial agreements recently made ,and also makes
this comment: "While the conclusion of every industrial agreement
implies tbe acceptance, to a greater
or less degree, of the principlo of
collective bargaining, it should not
be overlooked that in a number of
cases the agreement was reached
only after tho employoes had boon
on strike."
Sydney, W. S. W.—Tho Farmers A
Graziors Co-operative Grain Insur
anco and Agency Company has purchased the business of a large operator in wool and livo stock. Last
year the co-operative company handled 55 per cent, of the Now South
Wales harvest. Itf latest purchase
is for the purposo of dispensing with
the middlemen's tolls ia the sale of
wool and live stock.
HAND RELEASE
OF
Rioting in Sydney Over
the Deportation of
Freeman
Public Meetings Are Held
to Force Hand of
Government
Mention has already been made of
the case of Paul Freeman, a Canadian whom the Australian govornment was trying to deport to the
United Statos without a trial for alleged disloyalty and whom the American govornmont refused to allow
land at San Francisco.
Whon the American mail boat
"Sonoma" arrived at Sydney on
May 27 with Freeman aboard, after
having been twice across the Pacific snd back again, the people of
Sydnoy, got busy. In order to draw
publio opinion closer to the case,
Freeman entered upon, a hunger
strike, as a protest against being
held excommunicado without a trial.
Public meetings were held, but for
a time tho government refused to
take any action in removing Froo-
man. Three days beforo the departure of the boat back to San Francisco, tho wrath of the people broke.
Huge crowds, numbering thoussnds,
paraded tho streets, flory addresses
were delivered and demons I rations
were made nt the ship's side. Thero
were several clashes between fhe. polico and military and tho populace.
The agitation reached a climax when
a meeting of citizens was held in tho
large town hnll of Sydney, presided
over by the mayor, and the govornment was'told definitely that the
business of holding Freeman would
bave*to come to an end. That was
twenty-four hours beforo the "Sonoma" was duo to sail. It was openly statod that if the government
didn't remove him from (be vessel
be would be forcibly taken ashore
by the people. The night beforo the
boat sailed there was upon rioting
ou the waterfront of Sydney. So serious did the position get>—the people of Sydney commencing to arm
themselves for eventualities that
might happen—that eight hours before the departure of tho vessel
Freeman was taken ashore and placed in a military hospital to recover
from his hunger strike, where he
still remains, though he is visited
by people interested in his case.
The peoplo of Sydney are at the
present time making arrangements
for the defense of Freeman—it hnving already been demanded that
there must be no more deportations
without trial—and the chances are
that for the first time sinco tho war,
the light of publicity is going to be
thrown on the deportation business
thnt has been continually taking
plaoo.
Thc action of tho people in thus
defeating the ends of the military
authorities in Australia has had a
very damaging effect on the government, so much so.that at tho present time, although there nre some
70 persons held for deportation—
mostly alleged Bolsheviks—thero is
nn insistent rumor abroad that their
deportat'ion will not be carried out.
The labor party, which has the matter of Freeman's ease in hand, intends if it is possible to carry the
matter out to the end, oven to the
extent of impeaching in the courts
those responsible for this outrage on
citizenship. The lnbor party is already instructed, that when it secured power in Australia, to go fully into the matter of deportations
in Australia, and compensate those
unfairly treated by the present anti-
labor government, as well ns arraign
ing beforo the civil courts those responsible for the deportation of persons without trial who may bo found
to bo innocent of any charges alleged against them.
Praise vs. Pork Chops
Cleveland, Ohio—Editor Ceaso of
the .Railroad Traiumen. official magazine of the Brotherhood of Railway
Trainmen, declares that railroad employees are willing to trade words of
praise recoived during tho war for
pork chops.   He says:
"We have had our fill of generalities and kiud words of what a
mighty factor we were in winning
the war. They pay for no pork
chops. And, besides, we hnve a suspicion that thoy nre all true. What
we want now is time nnd one-half
for overtime and a wage lhat will let
us euro enough in mx eight-hour days
to live well nud comfortably for
seven 21-hour days.
"We stand ready to swop all tho
nice things tlmt. may be said of us
for the things we nc-ed,"
,     THE
EMPIRE
CAFE
76  Hastings  SL  E.
Vancouver's Best
Where shall we go?
Let's go to the Empire, the most delightful cafe in town.
Special Values
for Ladies
TWO LINES AT SPECIAL CLEARANCE
PRICES
BILK POPLIN DRESSES—In tho new straight line otccts—,
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shades. Navy, Gresn, Bose, Taupe and Black. # -1 a met
To clear at  j *9lettt_-1
SPECIAL Df SKIRTS — In fancy stripes — checks —self-colored
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623
HASTINGS ST. W.
Meat Otaaf Ult
'FBOM   MAKBB   TO   WKABBR"
Elf
IN AUSTRALIA
Scab Labor Cannot Be
Secured to Break
Strike
A seamen's strike has bee* proceeding for some weeks past—siuoe
mid-May—ia Australia. The seamen
arc out for highor pay and better
conditions of worfi. Bo far the dispute is only confiued to steamers
trading round the coasts of Australia/and no attempt has been made
to make the light other tban a purely local one. At the present time
tho seamen in Australia aro paid
lower wages than ia America or ia
England, while their conditions itt
many instances are aot what ono
would expect in a highly civilized
country. There is every prospect of
the men winning out in their troublo
as the shipping companies aro ua-
able to securo scab labor for tko
boats that are idle.
Bend your old addreea with yow
new one wkea making a change.
GET THE HABIT
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1047 Granville Street
DO TOUB REPAIBINQ
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1047 OBANVILLE
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COAL
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KIBK'S   Celebrated   Double
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NANAIMO-WELUHOTON
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LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 and 405
You can depend on the
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Housewives ahould insist oi
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THB HOLIDAY SBASOlf IS APPBOAOHIHO-Aro you going to
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spending a couplo of weeks
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a splendid selection of Fishing Tacklo, Bides, Cartridges,
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The Complete Sporting Ooods
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618*480 Haatinga Street Weat.
VAWCOOVBB, B, 0. onseziL fans tawo-otib
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 15,1919
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 33 EIGHT PAGES
Tomorrow-SATURDAY
THE LAST DAY OF OUR
Semi-Annual Sale
BUY your footwear now at our Clearance
Prices.  Many lines selling at less than today's Factory cost.
Visit our Economy Basement for the greatest
Children's Shoe Values in Western Canada.
ALL OUTING. AND SPORT FOOTWEAR
At 60ST TOMORROW
BOOT SHOP
'9"WTINt-SST.W
Reduced Prices on
All Forms of Dental Work
Having perfected our staff organisation and office equipment to
an exceptional degree ue are in a position to announce a
OENEBAL SEDUCTION OH DENTAL PBIOES
All work done trill bo up to the same high standard whieh has
always taarked this office.
OET OUB ESTIMATE ON TOUB WORK
Drs. Brett Anderson and
Douglas Casselman
Dental X-Ray and Orewn and Bridge Specialists
602 HASTINOS STBEET WEST, CORNER SETMOUB
Office open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Phoae aeymawt 3331—Examinations made on phone appointments
Make This Store Your Shoe Store
PEOPLE who do will always be protected from inferior
shoes. Price is an important consideration in buying
shoes, but after all is it more important than quality?
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Look at our splendid shoes for men, women and children—Look at
tho style, the splendid leathers and shoe-making—Then decide for
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The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666   OBANVILLE   STBEET
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FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
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■ ttUu ■
An Interrupted Lecture and Discussion on Mars
nr_r
In the Martial Year 260,000, Conres-?so prodigious that I sat and watched' 'ai far as thcir bodies and bodily tlabor to erect and to ua whose life's
Food   License
llo. 61061
ponding to the Tear 1618 A- D.
on Onr Earth
[By >Kemcsifl]
Note—The term lawyer as used in
the following account of a happening on our neighboring planot, must
not be confounded with our word
lawyer, but signifies profeBsor of natural laws, which laws operate
through all time and space, undeviat-
ingly, continuously and equitably in
which respect the regulations of our
statuo books do not in the feeblest
manner correspond.
In a large hall, furnished with
plain, comfortable chairs Bat some
human beings resembling in
overy way the human beings of our
own earth. They were all old but
exhibited none of tho unsightly
markings which characterize old age
on our planot. Thoir high, massive
brows showed no- wrinkles, and there
wero few that wcro bald or gray or
wrinkled in any way. Their heads
were larger in-proportion to their
bodies than are those of the earth
man, but tho organs which distinguished them most acutely from ourselves were tho eyes, which were
deep set and calm with the profound
knowledge won through the generations, after long ages of assidious
seeking. There was not tho faintest
trace of the furtivencss which is thc
chiof expression in earthly eyes, that
operate from brains which, as yet,
have only known the animal struggle for riches or mere subsistence.
The walls of thc great hall bore
) ugly patterns, ner scrolls, nor
paintings, but were quito flat and"
stained with soft. shidea of color,
which blending in perfect harmony,
seemed the embodiment of the spirits
of beauty nnd repose.
Soon a being, entering from a side
door took a seat at a table which
stood on a sligtly raised platform in
front of thc audience, and sat for ft
timo silently facing, the assemblage.
Then one who had been seated
near the front rose and briefly addressed the audienco.
Brother lawyers of the ancient
community of Xyeus: Wc are hero
assembled, as you aro aware, to hoar
an account- of tho adventures that
our brother Comus encountered in his
ethereal flight to our neighboring
planet Verdurus. It is now barely
six months sinco ho completed his
apparatus for overcoming the effects
of gravitation, and also that for generating thc air necessary to sustain
life in ethereal flghta between tho
planets, and you all well remember
the great day in our planet's history
when he disappeared into the cosmic
spaces on his memorable adventure
in quest of knowledge, which is the
daughter of Love, the fundamental
principle underlying the whole of
created things. He will now, according to the established custom of our
community, deliver a simple and true
account of all that happened to him
in his wonderful voyage, the flrst
of its kind I think in the history of
the whole Cosmos of which our system forms such nn insignificant part,
in point of size,"
At the conclusion of this short ad-
dross, the being at the tabic ros*. and
for a '.nomriii or two seemed to hosi-
Htu Of if ho was conscious of * task
•foil* him n liich would require all
the mental effort ho could muster to
porforn in such a way as wonld
carry conviction of the reality of his
narrative to his hearers' minds.
"Dear Brothers," he began in
doep voice. "I am about, to relate
*o you aU that happened to me in
my great adventure, but as thc facts
I havo to relate are so utterly foreign to all our previous experiences,
and, thoreforc, to.your minds may
border on the impossible, yet I make
my statement out of my newly-ac
quired knowledge, assuring you at
tho same time that I do so with the
watchwords of our planet, 'Love,
knowledge, truth," glaring beforc
my mental vision, sustaining and
guiding me in my task,
"I will not dwell.on the difficulties and sensations of my voyage
through the ether, but merely tell
you that my apparatus admiringly
fulfilled the purpose for which it was
designed, and that just three weeks
from my leaving here, I affected a
landing on the planet earth, to givo
it the name by which it is known to
its own inhabitants—that planot
whose brightness and green patches
and streaks and other-peculiar markings has for so long been the subject of speculation to our lawyers of
astronomy.
I affected my landing near a
large lake in a thickly wooded diatrict in a country called British Columbia, a country which for natural
beauty I aterwards found was in-
surpassed by any on the earth.
The first thing that struck me
tho vivid color of the vegetation
which was green, thus justifying the
theory of our astronomers that the
pale green color of the planet, as visible to us, was caused by the nature
of its vegetation. This color I afterwards found was general the earth
over, though I saw a few trees and
plants whose leaves were of a similar reddish color to onr own.
"I concealed my etherplane in the
forest, and rested for a few dnys,
then with a supply of food sufficient
to last several months, I set out on a
tour of investigation.
"Proceeding along the margin of
tho lake, I soon came to a small opes
spaco covered with nhort vegetation,
in the middle of which stood a small
dwelling composed principally of
logs. 1 approached cautiously, and
was met by a human being, who
stood directly in my path, barring
my furthor progress. He showed no
sign of fear or astonishment, but
stood quietly regarding mc. He carried under his arm an instrument
which I afterwards learned was used
for killing, whieh it eould do over
long distances by means of a missile
hurled by the force of suddenly lib-
orated gases.
"He spoke to roe, and seeing that
I did not understand his speech, he
made signs for me te follow hik, and
led the way into his dwelling. Ho
pointed to a seat at the table, en
whieh were utensils oontaining huge
quantities of food, one of which he
placod before me, and fllling another
fer himself, began to eat. The quantity he took at eaeh mouthful was
him in utter amazement, and when I
refused to follow his example, and'
took from my receptacle a small pellet of our own prepared food and
swallowed it, his astonishment was
equal to my own,
"I stayed with this being for
thirty days, during which time I
helped him in his work, and acquired
his speech a task which I found simple enough as in twenty days I was
able to commune with him with ease.
"To him I owe tho whole success
of my adventure, for besides teaching me his speech, the knowledge of
whieh afterwards enabled me to
make a tour of tho earth, he fortified
mc by sound counsels, and gave mc
information without which I should
soon havo been faced by obstacles
impossible to surmount
"Tho day I Informed him of my
intention to depart on my mission,
he opened his heart to me, and I
learned that he had loft voluntarily
the society of his fellow beings in
utter disgust at tho aspirations
which governed them, and had
sought in absolute solitude to regain
the attitude of mind necessary in his
opinion to livo in harmony with the
realities which underlay the things
of his material world.
"This boing, my brothers, in his
ipiration to find true knowledge, to
investigate the unseen truths, to live"
in perfect love and harmony with the
Creator of the Cosmos was equal in
every way to ourselves, for by his
yearning for those truths, which wc
havo established, he hud lifted him
self morally to our level.
"I returnod his confidence in kind
and told him of our planet and how
after having mastered the secrets of
ethereal navigation, I had ventured
on my voyage of investigation.
"He showed little surprise, but
proceeded to ask mo certain questions, and learning that the metal, of
whieh aU the implements in my possession were alloys, was very common on our planet, ho pointed out
that it was very nominate for my
present purpose, but implored me,
during by visit on earth, to divulge
tho fact to no other living soul, as
the earth was ruled by evil, insane
beings, who if they succeeded in
learning the secrets of my invention,
would devastate our planet, and enslave or slay all its inhabitants in
order to possess themselves of that
metal, which ho called gold.
"With teorB streaming down his
face, he assured me that humanity,
as represented on earth, knew of no
higher ambition .than amassing thnt
metal and that no crimo was too horrible for them to commit In their
pursuit of it,
"I showed him my etherplane, and
on his advice, I collected all thc implements I could spare, and we broko
them into small pieces.
"Tho noxt day ho took these
broken pieces of gold, and went on
a journey, returning in three days
with a large supply of money, which
he had obtained in exchange, ossur-
inge mc that, without which, I could
not travel, eat drink, sleep or long
breathe upon the earth.
"With this monoy in my possession, and fortified by his advice and
directions, I loft him, nnd commenced my tour of investigation.
At this point the speaker paused
a moment and surveyed his audience
critically. They wero gazing at him
fixedly, and the deep calm of their
eyes had given place to an expression ot doubt and bewilderment.
"I will now," ho continued, "tell
you in part and briefly the facts I
gathered on that remarkable journey.
"The flrst great fact that struck
mo with amazement was that the
dwellers on earth, having learned to
harness somo of the natural forces
in their service, had done so only in
tho interests of a few, who tako tho
pioducts of the labor of the mnny to
themselves, and exchango them for
money, with which they again can
buy all things produced on any part
of earth, and even portions of that
earth's surface itself. They,give to
the workers small portions of money
which enable them to buy back only
enough of their own products to
barely keep them in existence.
"Indeed, I noticed that many of
thoso workors and their offspring
wore very poorly clad, and often
suffered severely from tbe rigors of
the winter, succumbing in largo numbers to the ravages of disease which
their bodios wero not sufficiently fortified to resist.
I was amazed at the callous unconcern at the want and misery surrounding them, exhibited by those
few who took to themselves the products of their fellows' labors, and I
was assured that at oft recurring
periods, owing to these commodities,
accumulating so rapidly that it was
impossible to exchange them for
money on any portion of earth, and
consequently their production was
stopped, and they were locked up in
great storehouses, their producers being left meanwhile to absolute starvation till such time aB tho demand
for those products again arose, the
result of all this being wholesale
misery, rovolting crime and epidemics of foul diseases.
"Producing on our planet, as we
do for tho good of aU ,and none taking or desiring to take more than
suffices for their material wants and
comforts, it is indeed difficult for me
to make you realize what a dreadful
aad demoralizing struggle the making of a mere existence is to the
vast majority on earth.
"It occupies practically the whole
time in which they are conscious,'
and absorbs nearly all their thoughts
and energies so that it is no wonder
that development is at a standstill,
and retrogression is in evldonee the
whole earth over.
"To your minds, which have been
developed by means of an abundant
leisure to their present state of comparative perfection, it will seem incredible when I tell you that those
earth dwellers have not sufficient
leisure whore in to educate their
own children, which duty to us, is
one of tho most valued and most
cherished of onr privileges; but on
earth, this duty is assumed by tho
state, and is entrusted to paid instructors, who work in obedience to
strict rules and regulations, made by
the state and dare not depart from
them, so tbat the ownership of thoeo
children to their parents only applies
support is concerned; their mental
ity is controlled and owned by the
stttW, but as I shall show you presently, the state can and docs, when
occasion calls for it, seize their bodies also.
Now, you aro aware that the
conditions I havo described, under
which these earth dwellers exist, is
the antithesis of freedom, aad is al*
together illogical, and in no clearer
manner is this illustrated than by
war, which is in continuous operation
on earth, and which has assumed its
climax in a war which is even now
raging there, and which haB terribly
affected every land on that unhappy
planet.
"I visited the scenes of this war,
and found that besides destroying
the lives of millions upon millions of
self-conscious beings, tho possessors
of a mentality considerably advanced, thousands of squaro miles of
torritory were laid entirely waste,
and works which had taken centuries
to construct and a multitude of able
minds to conceive, were in absolute
ruin and desolation, and sorrow and
despnir brooding over all.
And this, my brothers, was not
thc work of the toiling majority, but
that of tbe ruling minority, forced
to it by tho exigencies of the illogical and selfish social system
which they havo established for their
own especial benefit.
And here, let mc emphasize a
fact which was pointed out to mo
by iny friend of the log cabin. Theso
rulers do not participate in these
wars themselves biit they seize thc
bodies of the toilers for tho purpose
r—tho toilers whose bodies are sent
to the slaughter, who mako thc terrible engines and explosives by
which they themselves aro shattered
and indeed produce, every requisite
by'wh-ch wat is conducted.
"My brothers I can well conceive
thc condition of my friend's mind
when*he severed himself voluntarily
from his fellow beings of that planet and sought soul-refuge in thc desert amid the natural beauties of that
favored land, for surely tho lonli-
ness of the desert is preferable to a
state of society so ordered that war
is' the-only logical climax to its op-
(frotibns—fiendish and hellish war
Wiofce operations are conducted—to
perfection have they been devolved—not pnly on thc surface of
ttiV earth itself, but deep in tho
witters of the ocean and high in the
Sir (It; the very gates of heaven and
hrehten in the near future to
p-nftgc the whole planet into irr'o-
fttrabie ruin and everlasting desola-
vW."
'" AH this point thero ns a great
stir,fin the audience which brought
the" lecturer to a sudden stop and
totto-toSe from his seat. He was tho
inSWt aged among them for the gray
was" showing in his hair and his
hHk was wrinkled by the passage
Wfiiany years.
"Brothers," ho began, "far be it
from my thoughts to discredit a
brother lawyer with a desiro to wilfully deceive us. No such case has
Occurred in our community for thousands of years or it would- stand
upon our records; yet, considering
our brother's account of the things
ho professos to have witnessed on
yonder planet I feel in tho interests
of tho spirits of love and truth
through which we as a people func
tion and before he proceeds further
in bis account that I must bring to
bear upon it a logical attitude of
mind and test it thereby notwithstanding 'the fact that by so doing
I am establishing a precedent which
will show to our successors that our
development at this ago was not
complete inasmuch as it was possible
for doubt to attach itself to a lawyer 's Bpoken words when in conclave
assembled for the purpose of uncovering truth itself. I will voico my
objection by onc simple question:
"By any ono of the lows of logic
is it possible to believe that a small
majority of a peoplo could rulo for
ages thc great majority and send at
will portions of that majority to the
horrors of destruction and bodily
suffering aud mental agony summed
up in the word war, and which our
brother has asserted is a continuous
factor of that oarth society he has
described, and is it possible to believe that a majority of a people
could be forced to manufacture tor-
riblo explosives which they knew
would be used ultimately against
themselves or their children f"
A breathless silence followed this
query and then the lecturer who had
Bat down, rose again and said, "I
was painfully conscious of tho difficulties I should meet with in pro-
lenting to your minds the account of
conditions absolutely foreign to your
experience. You know tho powerful
effects of a beneficent training upon
the beings of our planet but it is
hard, I know, for you in your inexperience to conceive of the equally
powerful and enduring effocts of an
evil training, and when I tell you
that war on earth has been glorified
■from time immemorial in proso and
■poetry; that the wolfish courago it
aspires has been placed as a God-
iko quality on a pedestal by itself,
nud that deeds of destruction and
slaughter have through the ages been
rewarded by tbe laurel wreath of
fame, such as we award for deeds
bf love and mercy, you may have
less difficulty in realizing tho truth
of my statements."
it niencc again fell upon the an-
Bdmblago which was broken by another lawyer.
Does it appear reasonable to my
brothers' minds that any race of beings, even if tbey bc fiends of the
lowermost pit, would deliberately destroy the results of centuries of their
own toil which would have to be
borne again to replace themf It is
inconceivable surely."
Again the lecturei answered:
"But did I not assert that it is
the non-toilers who are forced to
war to maintain themsolves in the
international economic struggle
which their system involves and that
the labor of tbe reconstruction doos
not fall upon them. My brother
speaks of reason, which is not solely
an innato quality of mind but requires the aid of experience if it is
to be exercised truly, and till my
recent visit to earth I would have
agreod with his conclusion that it
was impossible for sane minds io
deliberately destroy that which had
•eat so much mental and physical
work is the pursuit ef knowledge
and the least of our difficulties is
the production of the means of subsistence in the forms of food, shelter and clothing because our system
is the antithesis of selfishness, it is
indeed almost impossible for us to
appreciate the difficulties that face
individual man on earth. Undor their
system it is a common experience to
be faced by actual starvation and,
strange as it may appear to your
minds, I tell you those toilers of
earth have been known deliberately,
but by secret means, to destroy great
works in order to ensure a continuance of their Kvlihood in their reconstruction. On our planet'we labor that we may develop; on earth
they labor the long days through
for a mere existonco. There ia a
difference, my brothers, and no
amount of reasoning ean destroy that
which rests on a solid foundation
of truth."
"But is it possiblo for a small
minority to so order the Hves and
the fate of a large majority!" asked another.
Then tho aged lawyer rose again
and said, "I am an aged being and
must soon pass forward to take up,
(Continued next page)
COWAN & BROOKHOUSE
PBXNTBBB,     PUBUSHEB8,     8TB-
BBOtTPBBS   AHD   BOOKBWDEB8
Union Officii)!, writo for pricts.   Wt
gift) SATISFACTION..-.   .
A UNION STORE
"Heaven Helps
those who help themtelvet." And you're certainly helping yourselves very considerably when
you deal with us, because
BC. SUITS
for Ken ud Women are produced aider sueh perfect
condition!, with tbat scientific, systematic synchronization
of time and effort, and harmonious correlation of workshop and aale store o. enable na to turn ont garment* of
tne highest grade, custom-tailored to tke —nth degree, at
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readymade auits.
It'i Onr Ten Years'  Experience Don tt
FSTEPU*
APPLICATION   FOR   MEMBERSHIP
to the
ONE   BIO   UNION
210 Labor Ttmple,
Vancouver, B. C.
PREAMBLE
The One Big Union socks to organize the wage-worker, not according to
waft,* but according to industry; according to class and class needs, irrespective of nationality, sex or craft, into a workers' organization, so that wc may
be enabled to more successfully carry on the everyday fight over wages
Z22l _ n°.  '     ." *_*_*"**_ 0,!rsc,vcs lor ,h« da>' wl*<-» production tar
profit shall be replaced by production for use.
Fee to join, $1.00; Dues per month, $1.00.
Date	
Fellow Workers:  '"'
Having read thc above preamble, and being desirous ot becoming a member
of the 0. B. U., I herewith enclose thc sum of $	
to pay initiation fee and dues for months.
Name  Address 	
Occupation Employed at	
TO MEMBERS OF
ORGANIZED LABOR
Fellow Workers: '
There are at thc present time in this city more international offic>r« :..a .
havo ever been here beforc in thc history of thc labor movement in Vancouver.
They arc not here for the purpose of organizing, or of increasing the
economic power of the workers, but they are here solely to offset the 0. B. U.
movement which came into existence as a result of the demands from various
organizations affiliated with the B. C. Federation of Labor and the Trades
Congress of Canada situated in the western provinces. Their argument is
that the 0. B. U. will be the result of more numerous and widespread strikes
than has formerly been the case. They charge the Ute general strike in
Western Canada to the 0. B. U. when, as a matter of fact, that organization
was not then in existence.
Let us look at this from another angle, and see why thi* opposition should
be put forward at this time to the 0. B. V. movement. On page 696 of the
American Federationist, containing a report of the American Federation of
Labor Convention, we find that thc salary of the president was increased from
$7500 to $10,000 per year, and that of thc secretary from $5000 to $7500. This
in addition to all travelling expenses. The salary of organizers was raised
from $7 to $8 per day, and hotel expenses were increased from $4 to $6 per
day. Thc particular meal tickets involved in this transaction should give you
an idea why all the international organizers now in town are so busy defending thc interests of the American Federation of Labor.
The Winnipeg strike was called in thc first instance b.v Metal Trade units
of international organizations. The building trades strike in the same city
was also called by locals of international organizations. Thc general strike,
which took place as a result, was a strike of international organizations. The
striko in the cities of Vancouver, Calgary, Saskatoon and every other city
which took part in the general strike was conducted aud called by locals of
international unions, yet we find that the strike was broken by thc actions of
thc general officers of international unions. Thc action of the Grand Lodge
officers of the Railroad Brotherhoods contributed more to the defeat and
breakdown of thc workers' organization in Western Canada than any other
factor. In Vancouver wc find thc International Brewery Workers instructing
thc Brewery Workers of Victoria to ship all the beer possible into Vancouver
at a time when the Brewery Workers of Vancouver were on strike. The International Electrical Workers of Vancouver were practically crippled during the
strike by virtue of their international threatening to take away their charter if
they acted contrary to thc agreement which that international had with the
Telephone Co. Thc entire history of thc strike in this western country has
been one of interference by international officers on behalf of the employer.
The funds of locals have been seized, and thici* property taken, and this is thc
kind of organization which wc are now being told by paid officials of the in-
ternational labor movement is for the benefit of the workers. Thc 0. B. U.
constitution specifies that thc funds of any local unit shall remain thc property
of that unit.
Sit down and calmly think this question over for yourself. Which is
better for you as workers—an organization in which you have some measure of
control over the officers, or an organization in which you arc subject to thc
autocratic rule of thc officers?
if thc international is at this time being boosted by the press, by the
employers, and by the government, and thc 0. B. U., which has not as yet had
an opportunity to function, is being repressed and vilified in every manner by
these agencies, and as these same interests have at all times repressed and vilified you every time you have sought to improve your conditions or increase
your wages, does it not prove to you lhat the 0. B. U. is an organization
which will bc more beneficial to you than that which is supported bv vour era-
ployer? ' '
Jf you want to belong to an organization which is conducted according to
the dictates of the rank and file, and whose funds cannot bo seized by any
international executive board any time the rank and file act differently than
they desire, (ill out the following form and send it to the Secretary, Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, 210 Labor Temple. PAGE FOUR
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 33        THIS   BIUT1SJ1   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST       VANCOUVER, B. C.
FBIDAT...
..August 15, itl
MIC. FEDERATIQNIS
Published every Friday morning by The B. C.
Federationist, Limited
A.  8.  WELLS...
...Manager
Office:    Lnbor   Temple,   405   Dunsmuir   Stroet.
Telephone Exchange, Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m., Soy. 7497K
Subscription Bates: United States and Foreign,
$8.00 per year; Canada, $1.50 por year; in
Vancouver City, $2.00 per year; to Unions subscribing ia u body, 11.25 per member per year.
Unity of Labor: Tha Hope of tha World
FRIDAY August  15, 1919
THB preliminary hearing of the ease
against tho labor men arrested in Winnipeg in connection with the general
strike, has been onc of thc most peculiar
legsl cases that has ever been witnessed
in this or any other
LET US British country. A new
HAVE THE        form of jurisprudence
PSOOF has been developed. In
stead of the indicted
persons being adjudged innocent until
proved guilty, they arc guilty until they
have proven their innocence. They have
been proven guilty by thc press. The
establishment of a soviet government in
Winnipeg was first carried out in thc different daily papers, and is being more
firmly entrenched by the same agencies,
and in addition, magazines are now endeavoring to place this soviet government
snd its establishment, on thc shoulders
of the men under indictment. That the
men nevor had any intention of attempting any auch imbecility does not, in this
case, amount to anything. Thc press has
proven them guilty and with letters and
documents secured since tho arrest of
these men, by raids, etc., thc Crown prosecutors are endeavoring to prove that the
press verdict is a correct one.
In the press of Saturday, August 9th,
Magistrate Noble, who is the presiding
magistrate at the preliminary hearing, is
reported as having found the men guilty
in the following words:
"There has been introduced evidence
to show that this strike was more than a
strike. Perhaps half of the strikers
thought it was a strike; but can any reasonable man say that some of the leaders
regarded it as an ordinary strike! It is
to trifle with the intelligence of men when
you try to argue against it. It was a revolution, and* it is impossible to disassociate
from the evidence against these men the
dire consequences of it."
A preliminary hearing is usually for tho
purpose of hearing the evidence of the
prosecution, as to whether the accused
should be sent up for trial or not, the magistrate having power to dismiss the case,
or to commit for trial, according to that,
which, in his opinion, the evidence submitted warrants. In this case there is evidently no doubt in the magistrate's mind
as to the weight of evidence against the
accused. With this we have no quarrel,
but we do suggest that the magistrate is
going beyond his rights in making sueh
statements as attributed to him in tho
press, suoh statements being of such a nature as to cause predjudice in the minds
not only of the general public but in the
minds of the men who will eventually be
jurors when the case is tried.
*        •        *'
The only source of information that we
have as to the nature of the evidence submitted against the accused, is the daily
press, and no one with the slightest idea
of fairness would for onc minute admit
that the press has been fair to labor either
during the strike or since the men were
arrested, and to date we have seen nothing that eould by the wildest stretch
of imagination, be construed as evidence
that the strike leaders in Winnipeg were
attempting to form a soviet government,
or to attempt to overthrow constituted
authority. Not only that, but we know
that the men under arrest knew the impossibility and the imbecility of ever attempting to do so. The so-called evidence
of intent to cause a revolution is statements that have been taken from letters
that were mostly secured in the raids
which were carried out after the men were
arrested and thc extracts submitted as
evidence arc not by any means a fair indication of the intent of the writers, inasmuch as they are only extracts and not
thc whole of the letters, and couched in
language, not dealing with local situations, but from international working
elass viewpoints. One example will bc sufficient to prove the unfairness of thc inference that is being taken from tho passages in the correspondence of different
persons. It is as follows:
"A letter to K. B. Bussell from Charles
Dickie, chairman of Division 4, Railway
Brotherhood, said: 'I see by the paper
that you arc chairman of tho soviet in
Winnipeg. More power to you'."
Can this be taken as evidence that
Russell was endeavoring to establish a
soviet government, or is it a proof that
the writer saw the PRESS STATEMENT
TO THE EWECT THAT A SOVIET
GOVERNMENT HAD BEEN FORMED,
and in a sarcastic manner referred to it.
The legal representatives of the men have
charged that whole explanatory sentences
have been left out when the passages of
the letters referred to were read as evidence against the men, and they have also
slated that the only purpose was to inflame thc minds of thc public against thc
accused. This is particularly noticeable
in the letter read in the early days of the
trial in which Bolsheviki money was mentioned, and whieh was money collected by
miners of Alberta. This was not, however, revealed until the last days of the
hearing. Thc whole proceedings savor of
a deliberate attempt to send these men to
the penitentiary, because they have been
the mouthpieces of the working class, and
not because they were attempting to bring
about a rovolution. So far as we are concerned, if there were any individuals in
the labor movement, who were ao mis-1
guided, as to attempt any such foolish
thing iu this country, with conditions prevailing as wc have repeatedly pointed out,
we would endeavor to have them removed
from any position where they could put
into effect such foolish ideas, but having a
knowledge of the men on trial, and their
attitude to thc working class movement,
and their knowledge of it, we are convinced that they arc too enlightened to
play into the hands of the ruling class
by any such tactics. Pritchard, at the
Calgary conference, used this statement:
"Only fools try to make revolutions, wise
men conform to them." Is that the statement of a man attempting to bring about
a revolution, and thc establishment of a
soviet government in this eountry under
thc conditions as they now prevail? Another samplcof the evidence is the following, taken from one of the daily papers:
"A letter from R. B. Russell was read
in which the history of the much-discussed
exclusive diagram of the soviet government is revealed. 'I am in receipt of a
diagram from Mrs. Rose Henderson,
Montreal, which Daniel Del tue drew about
nine years ago, and which she says Lenine
has used in planning the soviet organization,'the letter aaid."
The spelling of De Leon's name is incorrect but we reproduce it exactly as
taken from the press.
If Mrs. Henderson had thc opinion that
Lenin based his soviet government on a
plan of De Leon's, the following, which
is a record of a conversation that Lenin
had with Arthur Ransome, will dissipate
that idea:
"He said he had read in an English
Socialist paper a comparison of his own
theories with those of an American, Daniel De Leon. He had then borrowed some
of De Leon's pamphlets from Reinstein
(who belongs to the party which De Leon
founded in America), read them for the
first time, and was amazed to see how far
and how early De Leon had pursued the
aame train of thought as the Russians. His
theory that representation should be by
industries, not by areas, was already thc
germ of the soviet system. He remembered seeing De Leon at an international conference. De Leon made no impression at
all, a grey old man, quite unable to speak
to suoh an audience, but evidently a much
bigger man than he looked, since his pamphlets were written before the experience
of the Russian revolution of 1905. Some
days afterwards I noticed that Lenin had
introduced a few phrases of De Leon, as
if to do honor to his memory, into the
draft of tho new programme of the Communist party."
But supposing that he did refer
to this diagram, and that Mrs. Henderson did send Bussell a copy of it,
and Russell commented upon it,
what of itt It does not prove that
Bussell was planning a soviet government
for this country. If it does, then every
newspaper in the country, which has published, the decrees of the Bussian soviet
government, and discussed them is also
guilty. The whole thing is preposterous,
and savors more of the methods adopted
in the U. S. A. than in any other part
of the world, where the railroading to
jail of labor men, even reactionary adherents of the A. F. of L. has been the rule
in tho past, and has become a fine art.
The only men in these days who can
have any idea, as to the world conditions
are those who study them. The soviet
form of government in Bussia is ono of
the most important things that has happened in centuries and has a direct bearing on working class problems, and must
be studied by the workers, and to do so,
is no crime, and the extract from the
letter quoted, doea not show—except to
the .biased mind—that there waB any intent to form a soviet government in Winnipeg. If it were not for the fact that
there are several labor men on trial, and
the danger of them being railroaded to
the penitentiary, it would be a waste of
time to discuss the silly twaddle in the
press, and the various publications, whose
only object seems to be to send the men
arrested to durance vile, because they
have dared to have different views to the
ordinary orthodox bourgeoisie viewpoint
of the working class problems.
The latest publication to take up the
Winnipeg soviet government, and tho
revolutionary movement in this country,
ia Maclean's Magazine. In thc August issue of this magazine we find an article by
Lieut.-Col. J. B. Maclean, entitled "Planning Soviet Bule in Canada." He starts
out with thc following: "The defeat of
thc revolutionists in Winnipeg by the arrest of the leaders has not by any means
ended thc dangers to Canada." This is
the same old attitude, condemn and then
let the condemned prove their innocence.
That is not, however, thc worst of tho
article. It is onc long stream of inferences, without any shape of proof of the
crimes inferred, and is one of the most
damnable articles that was ever penned
by man, its whole purpose being to create
predjudice in the minds of the public
against the men now being tried in Winnipeg. German money is talked about,
and the inference is strengthened by
statements such as the following:
Clear, undisputed evidence is in the
possession of tho authorities that
their agents and dupes are preparing Eastern Canada, particularly
Quebec and the Maritime Provinces,
for thc revolution; that the money
comes from German sources; and finally that the whole movement is directed from one source* in the United
States and by one German, in New
York, who has boen we-ilding great
power at Ottawa.
The German referred to is Sautcri
Nuortcva. We are informed that Nuor-
tova is a Finn, but his nationality does
not matter, as the labor men who arc in
the toils now arc poor mon, they have
sacrificed money, time and home life ao
that they might aid their fellows in the
struggle for an existence, and if they had
been in communication with the agents
of Germany who were handing out money,
they would have been belter fixed financially than they are, these are facts that
will take some disputing, and while Col
onel Maclean does not name the men on
trial at Winnipeg, the whole article, .y|$h
its inferences, is levelled at them. Is it
possible that anyone can credit the working class as being so stupid as not to discover connivance with enemy countricfijif
thc labor representatives were as infoiwed
carrying on intrigues of such a naturte?
The workers have exposed the men iii ifie
working class movement who have "parried on intrigues with the representatives
of the employing class in this country,
and there is no reason why they should
not bo able to discover similar activities
between their representatives, and the ruling class of enemy countries. The whole
thing is so monstrous, and so far fetched
that it will not bear thc light of reason
Thc London Daily Herald has stated that
similar things arc taking place in Great
Britain. Accusations of German money
arc being levelled at the labor representatives there, and in the press this week
wc learn that the Daily Herald has stat
cd that a sinister plot against labor is
being organized by the government, and
systematic spying is being carried on.
This kind of thing has been going on.in
this country for a considerable time, but
if, as stated by Colonel Maclean, the authorities have the evidence, why do they
uot produce itf Why did thc mounted
police have to raid the homes and offices
of labor men in all parts of thc country,
after the arrests were made, to secure
evidence! If the evidence is there, then
let us have it. If there has been collusion
between German agents and labor men
thc workers want to know as well as other
people. If thcir leaders have planned any
such fool thing as a revolution in this
country, while the U. S. A. is still a capitalistic country, then the enlightened
workors of this country want to know all
about it. Inferences, parts of letters, and
all the press propaganda, however, do
not disclose any such thing. If they disclose anything, or lead the workers to
form any idea, it is that thore is a deliberate attempt being made to break up the
labor movement by the arrest andr imprisonment of thc leaders in that movement. May wc again point out, that any
worker in this country, who would attempt to bring about a revolution in this
country, with its large area, and soattered
industrial population, and the agriculturist, still of the mind that he is a capitalist,
or likely to become one, would bc an
idot, and wc do not think that Bussell,
and thc rest of the men arrested are candidates for the mental hospital, their Mil
crime appears to bc that they know* W>
much. The ruling class of this couitry
should, however, take notice of the faet,
that repressive measures, wheri-yfr
adopted, do not stop movements, bujjjjjp-
celerate them, and that conditions and* not
men are responsible for revolutions;1-1^
for all other phenomena in human"'society, even their own class prcdjuoiiccs
and hatred, which is not shown byntihe
workers that understand capitalism, -attfl
its development.
Protest Against the
Refusal of Bail
(Continued from page 1)
Austin B. Garrcston, formerly head iat
the order of railroad conductors, giving
evidence before the U. S. A. House interstate commerce committee, stated that
nine-tenths of tho time of labor leaders
was taken up by sitting on the lid and
preventing strikes. There is a good deal
of truth in this statement, the rank and
file being sat on by the higher ups, but
if thc labor leaders do not want to go
higher up still, they will get oft the lid
before the explosion takes place. Labor
leaders, however, are wont to become conservative, and not the incendiaries that
some people would have them painted, of
course there are labor leaders, and labor
leaders, the wise ones realize that their
chief duties are to carry out the wishes
of the men who elect them, and not to
lead the workers into anything that thoy
arc not willing to at least follow them in.
The unwise ones will continue to sit on
the lid in spite of the repeated warnings
given by the escaping steam.
President Wilson has this week been
accused of taking tho world to pieces like
a boy would a toy, and not be able to put
it.together again. The real truth of the
matter is the world, that is thc capitalistic
world, did not need to be taken apart, it
was crumbling to pieces about the ears
of the ruling heads of the different countries, and President Wilson is no more to
blame than any of the rest of them. None
of them know just what is wrong with
thc works, they should consult Lenin or
some other student of the system.
that tho committee was considering
some measure of reliof for thom.
Labor Bureau Question
Secretary Kavanagh, reporting on
thc labor bureau case brought up at
two previous meetings, said that the
employment bureau that had taken
a dollar from the man seeking cm*
ployment, had received an order for
men from Stewart, a contractor,
who had also given tbo order te the
Government Bureau, and that was
how the matter arose. He reported
thut a letter sent to tho manager of
the Labor Temple had been used
by the International Teamstors in
securing an injunction nguinst the
teamsters who had joined tbe
O. B. U. Referring to tho organizing work being carried on, ho statod
that some of thc press reports wero
not near the truth. He slated that
ut the Carpenters' nieeting, which
was supposed to represent a thousand men, tho voto was 14 for with
drawing from the council und l.i
against, and that the voto was taken
aftor most of the members had gono
home.
Tho organization committeo
ported that an advertisement had
been placed in thc Federationist,
where it would be read by twenty
thousand workers'. The advertisement was read and endorsed by the
council. Tho committee tilso askod
for more members to bo added to tho
committee. This wos grunted, and
the committoe authorized to increase
its numbers.
Del. Wells reported that thero had
been no meeting with tho school
board as yet, no opportunity having
been affordod to the committeo to
meet tho board as promised.
Longshoremen and 0. B. U.
Thc Longshoremen reported that
a referendum had been tnken on thc
question of joining the 0. B. U. and
that 800 had voted agninst and 37(1
in favor. One delegate stated that
tho next step would be tho withdrawal from the Trades Council.
Del. Kavanagh stated that the
Longshoremen would decido that
matter and not thc delegntcs. Del.
Burns of the same organization
stated that while the vote was
adverse, it was because of condi
tions on the waterfront, and not because tbe Longshoremen had changed their attitudo toward thc O.B.U.,
and that an industrial organization
of all tho waterfront workers on tho
Paciilc Const would bo the next step.
Del. Alexander reported on tho
amalgamation of thc Engineers and
Mill Workers, stating that they
would soon havo a thousand members.
Tho Teamsters reported thnt they
wero getting many new members,
nnd tho Loggers reported that they
had about 10,000 members, and that
tho minimum wage of fivo dollars
per day was being paid in many
camps, and that thc conditions had
been materially improved in the
camps, and that blankets and sheets
were now being supplied to tho men.
The Canadian Brotherhood of
Ruilway Employees denied that
thoy had decided to withdraw from
tho counoil as reported in tho
pross. The Carpenters reportod that
thoy were* taking a referendum vote
on thc 0. B. V. nnd hsd voted *25
to the defence fund. Tho Auto Mechanics reported that they wore negotiating to amalgamate with the
Tenmsters and Warehousemen. Thc
Gas Workers reported having voted
*50 to tho defense fund. No. 1
Unit of tho O. B. U. roported that
many new members woro boing
made, and that mon who had never
belonged to organized labor before
were joining up.
New Constitution
The new constitution was discussed, thc only clauso thnt caused any
discussion being ono dealing with
general strikes.
An Unusually
Shirts by the hundred
and all right up to the
tick for snappy patterns. Made by the
Arrow people and
Tooke Bros., and include percales, fancy
repps and dimity
cloths in panel stripes
and figured effects.
Special at—
$2.00   $2.50
$3.00
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Seymour 2359
OLELAND-DIBBLE   ENGKAV-
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Limited
PHOTO EHOEAVBBS
COMMEBOIAL ARTISTS
Phone Seymour 7189
Thirl  noor,   World  BaU-llaf,  Van-
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VAHOOUVEB
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THE BEST IK VAUDEVILLE
Reopealnc ltl9*l»*S0 Soma
MONDAY, AUGUST IS
with a bill of ImuUlnon
BESSIE   CLAYTON
Wttk a Soperb Oomannr of Otacori
Tko   Virions—Lamfeartl—Sutter   sad
Kell—Totamj   Hoyden   and   Carmen
Ereollf—BUnctw and Jluualo Cmi|n.-
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Week!)*—Orchestra
SCAT SALE THVBSDAT, ADO. 13
Make yoar i-cprfbtion**  for the Mew
Benson.    l'lono Ser. 318.
Ms-iti—26c. t0< «5e, 80
M-mneeu—IM    SOC, the.
MONET m OIL
Wo aro in a position to sell tke following it adrant-i-crouf* prices: Cinsda
Oil,ft Venture, Pitt Mro-lowe, Spartan,
Kmpire, Lone Star. 0. Tor. Weiuinr,
Trojan, Hound-.-'-- Bay, International and
othor good storks.
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435 Homor St. Phono Say. 7589
AN DfTEREOPTED LECTUBE
ANO DISCUSSION ON MABS
(Continued from page 3)
Senator Robertson is credited with
stating that thc government is behind the
international unions, and that labor
should have 15 members in the House at
Ottawa. If this is correct, will it be a
crime to oppose the internationals, and
would it be sedition if there should ever
be more than 15 labor representatives! in
the House f These arc questions that will
need a little light, so that the workers
may not overstep the limits of the freedom allowed them by constituted authority. The Liberal Party, whioh has n«w
chosen a new "leader," may also ge£ih
wrong if it makes attacks on the government, and the members of it may also
find themselves in jail as a result of their
attempts to overthrow the present gtjy**
eminent. Will somo gifted intellectual
kindly inform us how far the peoplo may
go in opposition to the present government, so that we can endeavor to k^jip
the mob from overstepping the boundsjof
law and order? In the event of a gem
election, will it be seditious conspiracy if
thc workers nominate more than 15 labor
candidates, and vole against the government?
as wo have discovered, a wider
sphere of usefulness in tho cosmos
and I welcome the approach of that
■Jay, for with ronewed strength, combined with tho wisdom acquired on
our planet, I hopo to still further
progrej** towards the great eonsum*
rnation which evon now is dimly
growing into our vision and I wish
to deal justly beforo all things with
tho ease beforo us. That our brother
in his remarkable journey landed on
some distant planet thoro can be no
doubt, yet tho account of it whicb
he has given us does not ooincido
with those principles of logio which
have been found hitherto to bo based on sound and unshnkcable found*
ntions. That our brother would wilfully deceive ua ia unthinkable and
I wish to put before you two explanations, in ono of which may lio
tho truth: The Irst is, assuming that
he related to ns the truo facta, that
he landed on a planet whose inhabitants if not entirely evil, wero incurably inaan. and therefore entirely
OUB Summer Prioes are now
on; remodelling furs, expert tanning and dyeing at
reasonable rates; largest manufacturers in Britiah Columbia.
—FURS FOB SALE—
New York Fur
Company
852 and 554 OEOBOIA ST.
Opposite Hudson's Bay
Seymour 9276
Talking about conspiracies, wc rise to
nsk if British diplomacy has ever been
anything else but a conspiracy to keep
thc masses in ignorance and poverty?
lacking in thc ambition to be free
and to gain knowlcdgo for which
purposes semi-conscious life was given to thom.
"The aecond is that the strain and
stress involved in his unprecedented
voyago have reacted upon his mon-
tnlity and resulted in its temporary
weakening and in hallucinations.
"This wo must in the interests of
truo knowledge try to clear up, so
thnt I proposo that our brother be
placed under restraint for a period
of six months, *during whioh time he
will be lovingly cared for and guarded aud at the end of that period we
will summon a meeting of the lawyers of tbe whole planet ond after
hearing again his story decido in full
conclavo aa to its true merits."
When he had finished each member
of that assemblage roso to his feet
and raised ono arm into the air, in
acknowledgement of their agreement
to tho proposal.
IT'S TAKEN
FOR GRANTED!
Tbe ability of a Birks' Watdi to keop timo is not troubled
ubout whon a selection is made. Interest centres round
the size, stylo, appearance, etc., but the time-keeping is
tnken for grantod.
"I've had this watch for six yeara, and it keeps splendid
time.''   Wo hear remarks Uke this quite ofton.
-Quite moderate in prico an our ladies' braeelet witches—
$20 $25 $27 $30 $35 $50
AND UP
Ooo. E. Trorey
Managing Dir.
atanrtUe*
Georgia Sta.
.^° _____!   fcl\.
Ask your grocer if his clerks ara
in the unioni
Andy Carnegie may have tried hard to
live up to his resolution to die poor. He
managed to get his fortune reduced to
about $300,000,000, but his slaves—the
workers who created this vast wealth—
wero never inclined to believe his story.
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Phono Fair. 18 and 19 618 Broadway East
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Wild Roso Poetry Flour, 10*Ib.
sooks  Sle
B. A K. Om, uok I6«
B, a K. Oalmesl, lino, medium
and   coarse —.  68o
Wheat Peoria  45o
l'u«'**d Wheat, pkg Mo
Health Bran   He
Kellagff'B Cora Flakes, 2 lor....25c
Uroaia ot Whast   pkt lie
B. a K. Whnt Flekeo, pkt 95a
Robla Hood Onto, pkt _-.»<
N«bob Vlaetsr, bottle  SOe
Holkla'o Best Vinegar, boltle..aOe
Fears, Olobe Brand, lln  30a
B Z Jars—Quarts, doxen 11.45
Tints   -I1.W
Pork aad Beano.  8 tla> lor... Ste
Malkin's Boot Baking Fowdor..S90
y.gto Baking Fox der  89a
Usglo Baking Powder Sia
Mslkin's Oaitard Powder, larga
tia  _..S9a
try'. Coeon  Ate
Hsll Brand Ouilord Powder....140
Soap, Baalish), 4 tor. Ole
Wkito Swan, 5 tor.  260
Roynl Crown, 5 for.  850
Naptha R. 0. Soap, 0 for. 600
Mnptba While Swan,, 0 for. SOC
Hnll Brooka, 8 for  860
Campbell Soup, tia .
Matches,  8  for.	
...16s
Bhie Ribbon Tea  680
Uolkln'a Beat Tes  60c
Nabob Tea  63c
Try Balk Tea 46c
Halkia'e Boat Coffee 66c
Wedding Breskfut Coffee 550
Crlaeo   por tb _ 400
Roynl Crown Soap, 5 for  2_c"-
Wkito Swan, 5 for. 250
Cano nf Tomatoes, largo eiae,
8 hr 360
Speeial Alberta Butter, 8 Da 11.75
Jutland Sardines  lOe
Butler Cap Milk    lie
While and Browa Vinegar. 150
Ammonia    160
Whito Beam, 3 Ibl. for. 350
Robin Hood Onto, aaek 400
Sail, 1 saoki tor 251
Spices
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Phono Soy. S23I
MEANTIME   IT'S   IHE  IOHO-DIS-
TANOE TELEPHONE
tn the days thnt Are nlirad, tho enterprising business man will no doubt
have bis air machine. When he want!
to interview ont out-of-town customor,
4 few minute*' (Tilde through the nir
will bring him ond hli man together.
Meantime, he has to be content
with something short of thtt. Ho
finds that most efficient substitute in
the LonR-Distance Telephone. This
brings him voice-to-*voloe with bis (mo*
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of the personal touch.
8. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPANT, LTD.
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Bank of Toronto
Aunts oral $100,000,000
Deposits  78,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Serlnfe Aeooant soar ka
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la tko name ot two or Boon*
persons. In theee aoooaats eitfcer
partr mar slfa ekequoo or depoelt
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FIRST CHURCH OP
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Sunday ichool immediately following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Freo reading room.
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Where is -four union button t
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Mlt But ef I. 0. Electric Depot
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Our Selling System
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Price the lowest possible consistent with
value.
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Two Stores:
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Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
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DQOTA»QUE!
mffOSL.
p E LIABLE repi-oaentattvoo
** wanted In BBITISH COLUMBIA to sell onr sickness and ooel*
dent pollciso. Cost fl.00 por
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Many othor liberal foot-ares,
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Merchants Casualty Cm
308 Bogiri Balldlni Vaacottrer, B, 0.
Blag up Phono Sojmonr 23M tot
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Dr. W. J. Curry
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VANCOUVBB, B. a
Mention tho Fedorationist irhda
you main a purchase at * tton.
Hr. Unloa Uaa, ia you buy at I
iiion atoral FBIDAT
...August  IS, 1919
eleventh teab. No. m    THE BRITISH COLUMtflA FEDERATIONIST    TAHoommB, a ft
PAG_MV_
EMPLOYMENT SERVICE OF CANADA
The Department of Labour and the
Provincial Governments have organized
a System of Employment Offices from
Coast to Coaat for Returned Soldiers and
all classes of workers—Men aad Women
—trained and untrained.
A Special Section exists for Professional and Business workers.
To look after the special needs of the
RETURNED SOLDIER there is in each
of these offices, a representative of the
INFORMATION AND SERVICE BRANCH
DEPARTMENT OF SOLDIERS' CIVIL RE-ESTABLISHMENT
NEAREST OFFICES
Cranbroofc
Penile,
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Penticton,
Prince Rupert,
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Vancouver,
Vancouver,
Victoria,
Vernon,
10 Baker Street*
161 Victoria Ave,
246 Victoria St.
Windsor Block
Royal Buk Bldf., Baker St
Board of Trade Bid*
Shatford Block, Main Street
P. 0. Drawer 1674
First St. W.
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Alcaaar Hotel, Dunsmuir 8t
Langley and Broughton Sta.
135 Barnard Ave. B,
Tel. No.
M
71A
405
7«7
14*
ISO
Wl
553
70
8.2873
8.3450
SM
wa
Conversations With Lenin
By ABTHUB BAN80ME in The Liberator
At tko Pant__e_
George Choos' pretentious musical
eoniedy  in'two   scenes,   "Perhaps
You're Bight," featuring a dashing
j clioru.) of pretty girla, will bc the
j headline attraction o fthe new hill at
* the Pantages (opening Monday afternoon.     Choos' acts always are
•inapplly staged and highly popular
1 lit this tlleitre.
For the especial added feature,
' Manager Pantages hu arranged for
the nrat appearance here of the Imperial Quintette, operatic singers.
They will be heard in gems from the
standard operas and promise a treat
for lovers ot good music.    *
Ray and Emmia Dean, in their latest comedy success, "Let Me Alone,
Darn You," also ia expected to prove
a st rong drawing card.' *
The Romano Sisters, billed as
'' Three Dancing Beauties," will furnish the terpsichorcaii end of tho
programme. They are aaid tn be especially ine dancors.
Florence Bayfield, "The Little
Sunshine Girl," is also on the bill-
Bay Conlin is advertised aa "The
Acta* of Sob-Vocal Comedy." He is
a clever ventriloquist, who is said
also to have a good singing voice.
(Coutinued front Last Week)    fi
The Third International.
The meeting Much 3rd fan In
_ smallish room ia the Kremlin,
with a dins at one end, in the old
Courts of Justice built ln tho Ume
of Catherine the Second, who would
certainly have turned in ber grave
If she had known the use to which
It was being nut. Two very smart
aoldiers ot the Bed Army were
guarding the doors. The whole
room, including tbe floor, was decorated In red. There were banners with "Long Live the Third International" inscribed upon them In
many languages. Tbe Praesldium
was on the raised dias at the end
of tbe room, Lenin sitting in tbe
middle behind a long red-covered
table, with Albrecht, a young Oerman Spartacist, on the right, and
Matten, the Swiss, on the left. The
auditorium sloped down to the foot
of the dais. Chairs were arranged
.iu each side of an alleyway down]
tho middle, and the four or five
front rows had little tables for convenience in writing. Everybody of
Importance was there — Trotzky,
■linovlev, Knmouev, Chlcherln, Bu-
.ilierjn, Karakhan, Lltvinov, Voro-
..iky, Steklov, Rakovsky, represent*
'.ng here tbe Balkan Socialist Party,
.ikrlpnlp. lepresentlng the Ukraine.
Then there were Stang (Norwegian
Left Socialists), Grlmlund (Swedish
l-efti, Sadoul (Prance), Finherg
(Britiah Socinlist Party), Relnstein
(American Socialist Party), a Turk,
a (Jermnn-Austrlan, a Chinese, and
so on. Business was conducted and
speeches were made in all languages, though where possible German was used, because more of the
foreigners knew German tban knew
French.   This was unlucky for me.
Trotzky, in a leather coat, military breeches and gaiters, with a
fur hat with the sign of the Red
Army In front, was looking very
well, but a strange figure for those
who had known him as one of the
greatest anti-militarists in Europe.
Lenin sat quietly listening, speaking when necessary in almost every
European language with astonishing ease. Balabanova talked about
Italy and seemed happy at last,
even in Soviet Russia, to be once
more in a "secret meeting." It was
really an extraordinary affair, and,
in spite of some childishneas, I
could not help realising that I was
present at something tbat will go
down in the histories of socialism,
much like that other strange meeting convened ln London in 1848.
March   titli—The   conference   In
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the Kremlin ended with the usual
singing and a photograph. Some
time before the end, when Trotzky
had Just finished speaking and had
left tha tribune, there was a squeal
ot protest trom the photographer
who had juat trained his apparatus
Someone remarked, "The dictatorship ot tfie photographer," and,
amid general laughter, Trotzky bad
to return to the tribune and stand
silent while the unabashed photographer took two pictures. Tbe
founding of tbe Third International
had bees proclaimed in tbe morning papers, and an extraordinary
meeting in the Great Theatre announced for the evening. I got to
the theatre at about five, and had
difficulty In getting In, though I
had a special ticket as a correspondent. There were queues outside alt
the doors. The Moscow Soviet was
there, the Executive Committee, representatives of the trade unions
and the factory committees, etc.
The huge theatre and the platform
were crammed, people standing In
the wings ot tho stage, Kamenev
opened the meeting by a solemn
announcement of the founding of
the Third International in the
Kremlin. There was a roar ot applause from the audience, which
roso and sang the "International"
in a way that I have never heard it
sung since the All-Russian Assembly when the news came of the
strikes ln Germany during the
Brest negotiations. Kamenev then
spoke of those who had died on the
way, mentioning Liebknecht and
Rosa Luxemburg, and the whole
theatre stood again while the orchestra played "You Fell as Victims," Then Lenin spoke. If I had
ever thought that Lenin was losing
his personal popularity, I got my
answer now. It was a long time
before he could speak at all, everybody standing and drowning his attempts to speak with roar- after
roar ot applause. It was an extra-
ordinary, overwhelming scene, tier
after tier crammed with workmen,
the parterre filled, tho whole platform and tha wings. A knot of
workwomen were close to me, and
they almost fought to see him, and
shouted as if each were determined
that he should hear her lu particular. He spoke as usual, in the simplest way, emphasing the fact that
the revolutionary struggle everywhere waB forced to use the Soviet
forms. "We declare our solidarity
with the aims of the Soviets," he
read from an Italian paper, and added, "and that was when they did not
know what our alms were, and before we had an established programme ourselves." Albrecht made
very long reasoned speech for
the Spartacans, which was translated by Trotzky. Guilbeau, seemingly a mere child, spoke of the
Socialist movement in France. Steklov was translating him when I left.
You must remember that I had
nearly two years of such meetings
and am not a Russian. When I got
outside the theatre I found at each
door a disappointed crowd that had
been unable to get in.
The proceedings finished up next
day with a review in tbe Red
Square and a general holiday.
If the Berne dolegates had come,
as they were expected, they would
have been told by the Communists
that they were welcome visitors,
but that they were not regarded as
representing the International.
There would then havo ensued a
lively battle over each one of the
Letter delegates, the Menshtviks
urging him to stick to Berne and
the Communists urging him to express allegiance to the Kremlin.
There would have been demonstrations, and altogether I am very
sorry that It did not happen, and
that I was not there to see.
Last Talk With Lenin.
I went to see Lenin the day after
the Review in the Red Square and
the general holiday In honor of the
Third International. The first thing
he said was: "I am afraid that the
jingoes ln England and France will
make use of yesterday's doings as
an excuse for further action against
us. 'They will say, 'How can we
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'ave them in peace when they set
bent setting the world on fire?'
To that I would answer: 'We are at
war* messieurs!   And just as dur-
- your war you tried to make re*
lution In Germany, and Germany
did her best to make trouble in Ireland and India, so we, while we are
at war with you, adopt the measures, that are open to us.  We have
(old you we are willing to make
peice."
He spoke of Chlcherln's laat note,
and said they based all their hopes
an it. Balfour had said somewhere,
"Let the fire burn Itself out." That
would not do. But the quickest
•way ot restoring good conditions In
Russia was, ot coune, peace and
agreement with the Allies. "I am
sure we could come to terms, lt
they want to come to terms at all,
England and America would be willing, perhaps, it their hands were
not tied by France. But Intervention in the large sense con now
hardly be. They must have learned
that Russia oould never be governed aa India Is governed, and
that sending troops here Is Is tha
same thing as sending them to a
Communst university,"
I aaid something about the general hostility to their propaganda
noticeable In foreign countries.
Lenin.—"Let them build a Chinese wall round each of their countries. They have their customs officers, their frontiers, their coast
guards. They can expel any Bolsheviks they wish. Revolution does
not depend on propaganda. If the
conditions of revolution are not
there no sort of propaganda will
either hasten or impede it. The
war has brought about those conditions In all countries, and I am convinced that if Russia were to be
swallowed up by the sea, were to
cease to exist altogether, the revolution ln the rest ot Europe would
gp on. Put Russia under water tor
twenty years, and you would not
affect by a shilling or an hour a
week the demands ot, the shop*
stewards in England."
I told him, what I have told most
of them many times, that I did not
believe thore would be a revolution
ln England.
Lenin.—"We have a saying that
a man may have typhoid while still
on his legs. Twenty, maybe thirty,
yeara ago I had abortive typhoid,
and was going about with it, had
had it some days before it knocked
me over. Well, England and France
and Italy have caught the disease
already. England may seem to you
to be untouched, but the microbe is
already there.'
said that just as his typhoid
was abortive typhoid, so the disturbances in England to which he
alluded might well be abortive resolution and come to nothing. I
tojd him the vague,. disconnected
character of the strikes and the
generally liberal as opposed to bo*
pialist character of the movement,
so far as it was political at all, reminded me of what I had heard .of
IMS in Russia and not at all ot
Wll. and tbat I was sure It would
fettle down.
Lenin.—"Yes, that Is possible. It
is, perhaps, an educative period, In
whreh the English workmon will
obme to realize their political needa
said turn from liberalism to social*
ism. Socialism is certainly. weak
In England. Your Socialist movements, your Socialist parties ....
when I waa In England I zealously
attended everything I could, and
for a country with so large an Industrial population they were pitiable ... a handful at a street corner .... a meeting in a drawing
room ... a school class... pitiable.
But you must remember one great
difference between Russia of 1905
and England today. Our first Soviet in Russia was made during the
revolution. Your shop-stewards'
committees have been In existence
long before. They aro without programme, without direction, but the
opposition they will meet will force
a programme upon them."
Speaking of the expected visit of
the iBerne delegation, he asked me
if I knew Macdonald, whose name
had been substituted for that of
Henderson In later telegrams announcing their coming. He said:
MI am very glad Macdonald Is coming instead of Henderson. Of
course, Macdonald la not a Marxist
in any sense of the word, but he is
at least Interested ln theory, and
con therefore be trusted to do his
best to understand what Is happening here. More than that we do
not ask."
He then talked a little on a sub*
ject that interests me very much,
namely, the way ln which Insensibly, quite apart from war, the Communist theories are being modified
in the difficult process of their relation into practice. We talked of
the changes in "workers' control,"
which is now a very different thing
from the wild committee busiuess
that at flrst made work almost impossible. We talked then of the
antipathy of the peasants to compulsory communism, and how that
idea ulso bad been considerably
whittled away. I asked him what
were going to be tbe relations between the Communists of the towns
and the property-loving peasants,
and wlietbur there was not great
dangor ot antipathy between them,
and said 1 regretted leaving too
soon to see the elasticity ot the
Communist theories tested by the
inevitable pressure of tha peasantry.
Lenin said that In Russia tbere
was a pretty sharp distinction between the rich peasants aud the
poor. "The only opposition we
Have hare in Russia is directly or
indirectly due to the rich peasants.
The poor, aa soon as they are liberated from the political domlna*
SHE BRINGS
/
Demands Made by French
and Italian Workers
Are Granted
'Hands Off Russia" Policy
Agreed toby These
Governments
New Tork—Of couno, the general
strike planned by tke workers of
England, Trance and Italy for Jnlj
and 21 was a miserable "failure." The organs of plutocracy pro*
dieted that this would be the eaae;
therefore they had to make good in
their news stories following these
two fateful days.
What they have failed to point out
wae the following; Ilrst, that the
workers of Italy did not go on general strike for tho simple roason that
their demand was granted by tbe
government in anticipation* of the
strike. The government declared its
willingness to koep hands off Bussia
—which was the principal demand
of the Italian workers. As a pledge
of its good faith the government
yielded to the demand of the workers of Naples that a ship arriving
from London, on its way to Russia,
and laden with ammunition for the
anH-Soviet forces, be refused clearance papors until the ammunition
was unloaded.
French Demands Met
As for France, the General Federation of Labor rescinded the strike
order on July 19, beeause. it, too, considered that its demands had been
practically met.
"In view of the vote in the Chamber of Deputies reeently," their announcement -said, "which showed
that the chamber at length has heard
Ihe voice of the working classes and
has condemned the government's
economic policies and measures in
regard to demobilisation, the general
strike for Monday will not be called.
Amnesty has been decided upon by
the government under the threat of
tho projected movement."
Demonstrations in England
The workers of England had from
tho beginning -decided to content
themselves with manifestations and
nut to strike unless these demonstrations prove ineffective for obtaining
what the workers'want. Mass meet*
ings it appears, were held throughout the kingdom on July 20 and 21.
Another fact to which the capitalist press has given little spaco if
thnt the workers in the Scandinavian
countries voted to go on a general
strike beginning July 21st in protest
ngainst intervention in Bussia by
Allied forces.
Begiitered ia ftrcur<Unc« wilh the
Coprrifht Aet.
Carnegie
"We may safely trust thoBe
who have not made the money
to prove adepts in squandering itt" This is ono of Andrew Carnegie's epigrams, and
a characteristic one, from a
man who, in the face of great
wealth, was always alive to
the value of a dollar. And
hero he touched npon a fundamental truth in human psychology. When wo acquire
easily we undervalue. If we
had to buy our teeth Me by
one we would take the greatest care st them—those wonderfal
iutnintiti m mcatUl lo ear
hetlth and welllwlac. B»t like thi
mtn who inherits wealth aad
squanders It, we scqulr-t wur totth
without effort snd Uf a* Tamt
npon them, neglecting them and—
whst amounts to it—s«aaaderiai
them. Some ot us prow rentable adepts la aquaa-tUrina them,
destroying by neglect a heritage
which should Uit ut through life.
We realise the value of teeth
when wo lose them sad mutt n-
Else* thim. Bnt If wi eionit* a
ttlt foroUought wa eaa rotate
them br rogular d»tal tjsU-s aad
prompt atltaU-M ta decaf spats.
Dr. Lowe
liM Dentistry
HASmrCNI   AMD   ABBOTT
rhete ley. MU
OftMUa w-wa-ncd'i
T. B. CUTHBKBTSOH * Oo.
Men'i Batten ud OntSttm
•SO Oruvffli Street
Mt Hastings Street WM
Lower Prices for ths
Same Qualify
■rBozAM fob raiMT mat
♦1.00 HuUek's MalM Milk Wi
»1.00 Bllro PtMpM. ...... Ale
to. ItM*. En—> OlilaMt .Mi
S5e CIiisf's KI-.t-T sV L(Y.r Pill. _M*
SOe Willlans'   Flak   Pills   IM
lte RtU's  Carer. Tibial. IW
st. BrMk.- amy ■*-*•<* ate
lbe AnrnUI. Aiwi —Me
»1.00 Rsld's Im * An TMHt.oto
I5e Mc.mii'. Tm* taett        '   *"*
SOc Little TikMi	
65. Oonraud*. Oriaatal Dream
11.00 Wi-etk'i Rati     "	
10c Slrptie TikMi at
SOe Bar Haas —tta
•10, Oat IHtal CImmc.  Hi
JSc Mju_i'.  Uitauat '—
11.00 iatiw'a MHkVM-1 CIM-L...TX
lie Pre.lllU „_ -_„.....      ,   li.
ISr ramM. Tietk P-M* ._
SOc (Mll.nl. 8jms» ol fin
H. Bm Uaaa B-mh-fM —.	
IS. Linn Not. P.»er tta
50. K..ti.('s   Iss..   Pair-to _Mt
Falra Ollr. Smb. • rnte, tee —am
wtt aa atat man attaint
Vancurer Dng Ca
1MB Wit tm-AA_
POOTU
BBDOOIITi or VJUMOU
<0S Hullais  St. W...
7 Ha.ti.fs  81. W..
Ill Mate at.
...I— j INI
...Oer- I »MI
TM Or»avlll> II _ Oar.   Wll
1T00 CMW.nl*-! Dr .HI,*.   Ml
OtMTlll. u4 BrMiw_7...B_f.   MM
Phoae Bur* ttl      Day M MUM
Nun, Thomson A tJlagg
nt*——*. BIBEOTOM
HI Homer It.  Taacouvw, B. a
HELP ALONG!
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Hire They An, latent tit TM
Mr. Onion Ma, Cat Tbii Out ad CK-re R to Ton Wife
Banks
Bank of Toronto, Hasting, k Cambie; Victoria, Merritt aad Mew Wert*
minster.
Royal Buk et Can.da, 12 Branches la Veacouver, » Ul & C.
Shelly'a...
Bakeries
-Pheae Fairmont 44
Tisdalls Limited...
Bicycles
Kruley * Oe.-
J. A. Flett...
...0U Hestiap Street Wert
-94* Maia Street, Bejaear iffil
 Ha-rtiap Street Wiet
Billiards
Pocket BiUiard Parlor. -
Con Jonee (Brunswick Pool Booma) ■
..4t HMtiati Street But
_.._Hulinf, Btreet Beet
Ooodwia Shoe Co., .
Nodolajr Skoe Co	
Pierre Parii _..
Wm. Dick Ltd...
Boots and Shoes
OS. TO SUPPORT
1
Special Treaty With the
French Pledges U. S.
Military Support
President Wilsons saya: "The objeot of tbe special treaty with Franco
whicli 1 now submit to you, is to
provide for immediate military assistance to Frnnce by tbo United
States in cuse of any unprovoked
movement of nggrcasion againat her
by Germany without waiting for the
advico of the Council of the
League." In ether words, tho Council of the League, sitting at Oenova,
practically on the Fntnco-Qcrman
frontier, is not capable of deciding
whether un "unprovoked aggression" has occurred. But what tho
League at Geneva is too near-sighted
to recognize, Congress sitting nearly
four thousand miles away, assisted
by our notoriously efficient Stnte do*
purlment and the utterly impartial
news service that, eniauntes from
France, is to determine instantly.
The fact is Hint this is not a "defensive" alliance and it is not aimed
at "unprovoked uggrcssion," whatever they may be. It is aa alliance.
It. pledges us to flght on France's
sido in the next war, provided Germany ia on the other, lt pledges us,
in fact, though not in theory, to support French diplomacy on llie continent wherever it leads.—Mew Bo*
public.
floteborg, Sweden—The Swedisk
parliament bus sided wilh ship owners aud against seamen wbo demand
higher wages. The seamen say thoy
will paralyze the overseas trade of
the ship owning profiteers unless the
demands of th. union are complied
witk.
had come to Moscow some days
previously, and traveled up In the
, train with Bill Shntov, the Com*
tlon of the rich, are on our side mandant of Petrograd, who is not
itti tre In an enormous majority."! a Bolshevik, but a fervent admirer
1 said that would not be ao in of Prince Kropotkln, for the distrl-
the Ukraine, where property among butloa of whose works In Russia he
the peasants is much more equally has probably done as much as any
.distributed. J man.    Shatov  was  an emigre  in
Lenin.*—"No. And thore, in the New York, returned to Russia,
Ukraine, you will certainly see our brought law and order Into the
policy modified. Civil war, what- chaoa ol the Petrograd-Moacow rall-
(O.y.-jr happens, Is likely to be more way, never lost a chance of doing
Sitter in the Ukraine than else- a good turn to an American, and
•Where, becauso there the Instinct of,with his levelheadedness and prac*
property has been further developed > tlcnl sense became one of the hard-
ln the peasantry, anil the minority j est worked servants of the Soviet,
and majority will be more equal,
He asked mo If 1 meant to roturn, saying that I could go down to
Kiev to watch the revolution there
as I had watched It ln Moscow. I
said I should be very sorry to think
tbat this was my last visit to the
country which I lovo only second
to my own. He laughed, and paid
me tlie compliiunut of saying that
"although English," I had more or
less succeeded In understanding
what they were at, and that he
shoald be pleased to see me again.
March lWh.—There Is nothing to
record about the last few days of
my visit, fully occupied aa they
were with preparations for departure* 1 left with the two Americans,
Messrs. Bullitt and Stelteus, who
although, as ho said, the moment
people stopped attacking thetn he
would be the first to pull down the
Bolsheviks. He went into the occupied provinces during thc Ger
man evacuation of them lo buy
nrms and ammunition from the
German soldiers. Prices, he said.
ran low. Tou could buy rifles for a
mark each, Held guns for 150 marks,
and a field wlrelou station for 500.
lie had then been made Commandant of Petrograd. although thero
had been some talk of sotting him
to reorganize tbe transport. Asked
bow long he thought the Soviet gov
ornment eould hold out, be replied,
"We can afford to starve another
year for the sake of the Revolution."
Ingledew Skoe Store...
-HI Hosting. Street East
 1047 Grmnvill. Strset
-64 Hastings Street Wert
 Hasting. Street Bart
Bank Buffet	
Good Bate Cafe..
Trocadcro Cafe...
-tM OranviUe Stnet
Cafes
-..Corner Hastings and Hamer Streeta
-110 Cordora aad «tt Pender Wert
 IM Hastug. Stmt Wut
Millar * Cos. Ltd...
Chinaware and Toys
 419 Hastings Street Wert
- Cigars
El Doro aad all Union Label Clgan
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting:
Arnold k Quigley...
Claman 'a Ltd...
Clubb ft Stewart	
B. C. Outfitting Co-
B. C. Tailoring Co	
Wm. Diek Ltd....
..540 Oranvllle Street
 IN Hastinga Street West
-J01I-316 Hasting. Street West
 342 Hastings Street Weat
-121 Hastings Street Eait
Thos. Foster * Co., Ltd..
W. Foster * Co., Ltd-
J. N. Harver Ltd 	
The Jonah-Prat Co...
-33-40 Hastings Street East
...514 Granvillo Street
-346 Hastings Street West
New Tork Outfitting Co....
Kiekson's...
David Spencer Ltd...
W. B. Brumitt...
 IIS Htstiigs Wirt and Vietoria, B. O.
 __. 401 Hastings Street Wert
 143 Hastings Street West
 820 OranviUe Streit
 »__- ——Hasting. Street
...Cordova Street
Thomas * MeBain..
Woodwards Ltd......
T. B. Cuthbertson. * Co..
 Granville Street
  Hastings and Abbott Street!
..Oraavilli Stroot and Hastinga Street
Coal
Kirk * Co., Ltd   (ISO Maia St, Seymour 1441 and 4«6
Maedonald Marpole Co   1001 Main Street
Hillcrest Dairy .
Valley Dairy ...
Dairies
—Pbone Fair. JM4
 Phono Bay. 593
Dentists
Drs. Brett Anderson and Douglas Casaolman.
Dr. W. J. Curry. -_ _
Dr. Gordon Campbell	
Dr. H. E. Hall  	
Dr. Lowe  	
 602 Hastinga West
.301 Dominion Building
...Corner Oranvillo and Bobson Streeta
IS Hastings Street East, Seymour 4042
...Corner Hastings and Abbott Streets
Drinks
Bank Bu«ott..~ 	
Britannia Beer	
Cascade Beer  	
Ta_i—Soft Drinks    ___________________________________
Van Bros - _   Ciders and wine.
...Cor Hastings nnd Homer Street,
....Westminster Browery Co.
..Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
 400 Duusmuir Street
Dry Goods
..Grnnville Street
Gordon Drysdale !.td.J	
Florists
Brown Bros, k Ct. Ltd. 48 Hastinga East and 728 Granville Street
Funeral Undertakers
Center * Hanna Ltd  104D Georgia, Seymour 2-i!J
Nunn, Thomson k Glegg...-    531 Homer Stroet
^^^^ Furniture
Hastings Furniture Co    41 Hsstings 8treet Wost
Groceries
...Hastings Street Opposite Punlagcs
Cel-Vaa Market —
Slaters" (three stores)	
- Hastings, Granville and Slain Streets
 118 Hastings Street Weat, Seymour 1260
...Hastings and Abbott .streets
S. T. Wallace Marketaria...
Woodwards  _
Spcneera Ltd _ - ....—Hustings Street
Broadway lible Supply ..._  518 Broadway Bart
Insurance
Merchants' ^Casualty Co Sogers  Building
Jewelers
Birks Ltd..- - Granville and Goorgia Streets
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin..— - _ -.(Mulkin's Best)
Overalls and Shirts
"Twia Bute (.las. Thomson * Sons, Vancouver, 11. C.)
"Big Horn" Brund „ (Turner Beeton k Co., Victoria, B. C.)
Paints
HunterHoadersoa Paint Co „ 842 Granville Street
Printers and Engravers
Cowan k Breokhouse :._ _   Ijibor Templo
Clellead-Dibble       Tower Building
Railways
P. O. E - - — and tb.   0. N. &
Tools
J. A. Flett...    -Bastings Street Wost
Martin, Fialayson * Mather Hastings Stnet West
Theatres and Movies
Empress Orpheum Pautagas Cotambia   Maple Leaf PAGE SIX
eleventh TEAB. N«. as     THE BK1TISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b.
Cal-Van Pointedly Meets the Demand
for the Reduction of the H. C. of L
It ii a body-blow to Food Profiteers. It eliminates all the Middleman's Profits. It offers
you the choice Foodstuffs fresh from the Producers daily. It is centrally located—Hastings
Street, opposite Pantages Theatre—enabling
you to shop from any part of the City. It
offers the Vancouver Housewife an opportunity to save fully one-third on many of the
Necessities of Life.
Come in Saturday—look around—compare
Prices—and note the Savings.
Cal-Van Market
Hutingi Wort
Opp. Pantagei
The Convention of the Dead
•£»
[By John Beed, in Ubo Liberator] ' 'city button-holed Treasurer .jfobin,tcr °* the insurgent locals served himf
Vancouver Unions
•- JADES   AND   LABOR   COUNCIL— 1*
cut iv* committee: President, £.
Winch; vice-preildent, J. KiYuugh;
. iri'-Murer, ¥, Knowles; iei'|-tinl-«t-arnis,
W. A. Alexander; trustee*, W. A. Prit-
.hnrd, W. H. OotU-ell, P. UoPonneil, H.
Gutteridge; secret-try, T. R, Midgley,
Ruom 210 Lobor Templt.
of 0. B. U.—Meets every Wednesdiy, fl
V- in. President H. Mills; business
agent, F. Haslett, 126 Fiflvcnth Avenue
East; secre tary treasurer, J. Hartley, 587
Homer street. Office, 587 Homer atreet.
Phone, 8ey. 4117.
ALLIED   PRINTINO   TRADES   COUN-
.il— Meets    seeond    Monday    In    the
month.    President, J. F. McConnell; sec-
r tary, R. H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 68.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA-
ional Union et America, Local No. 120
—.iletts second and fourth Tuesdays in
tho month, Room 305 Labor Temple. Pre-
eident, C. E. Herritt; secretary, R. A.
Webb. Ut Hasttofs street weat
BRIDGE STRUCTURAL ORNAMENTAL
und Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 01
—Meets -sound and foarth Mondays.
President Jas. Hastings; financial secretary and treasurer, Roy Mssaecar, 1540
12th Are. East.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS,
..oca) No. 617—-Meets every second
ami fourth Monday evening, B o'clock,
Labor Temple. President, J. ReJd; secreUry, E. J. Temoin, 1223 Georgia East;
-mniness agent and inaaeial secretary,
G. 0. Thom, Room 20S Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 74B5.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS,   LOCAL   No.
313—MeeU    at    440    Pender    Street
»V est,   every   Monday,    8   p.m.   Prest-
•it-nt, H. H. Woodside, 440 Fender W.;
-ecording secretary, W. Foulkei, 440 Pen-
• <r Street West;  financial secretary and
ifihess  agent,    E.    H.    Morrison,   440
infer Street Weat;  assistant aecreUry,
. R. Burrows. 	
H' iTBL AND RESTAURANT KM-
•>1 yces, Loeal 28—Meets every first
Wednesday in the month at 2:30 p.m.
and every third Wednesday in the month
at 0:30 p.m. President, Harry Wood;
aeeri-tary and business agent, W. Mackensle, oSce and meeting hall, 014 Pen-
•■er St. W. Pbone Sey. 1881. OBce
hours!   11 to 12 noon; 2 to 5.
;x?krnAtTonal   jewelry   work-
era' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Fri-
>'nv«, 205 Labor Temple. President, W.
-i.-lmes, Colonial Apts., Burrard Street;
-*.( crt-iary-treasurer, D. J. BneH, 816
"lunsmiiir Street.
UMBER     WORKERS'      INDUSTRIAL
-Jnion of the One Big Union—Affiliated
with B.   v.   Federation   of   Labor   and
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council-
. ,n   Industrial   union   of   all   workers  in
egging and  eonrtreetion  campa.   Head-
•iftrters, fl Cordova Street West, Vaa-
nver,   B.   C.    Pbone   Sey.   7656.      E.
inch, secretary-treasurer;   legal   advis-
. ih, Messrs. Bird, Maedonald -ft Co., Vancouver, B.  C;   auditors,   Messrs.  Butter
"* -Chi*"*! Vaacaaver, B. 0.
-NTKRNAT10NAL LONGSHOREMEN'S
.issociation, Local 3852—Ofllce and
hall, 804 Pender Street West. Meets
irst and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Seeretsry-treasurer, F. Chapman; bnaineis
sgent, P. Sinclair.
AMALOAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
ditcher Workmen's Union No. 643—
MeeU first and third Tuesdays of each
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
_1. E. Wills; recording secretary, Fred
Lilly; financial secreUry and business
agent, T. W. Anderson, 587 Homer St.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF
Worth America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. President, Wm. Hunter, 318 Tenth Ave. North
Vaneonver; financial secretary, E. God-
dard, 856 Richards Street; reeordlng aecreury, J. D. Russell, 928 Commercial
Drive.    Phone High. 2204R.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
first Monday in each month, 8 p.m. President, J. T. Elhwurth; vice-president, A.
R. Gatenby; recording, secretary, C, McDonald, P. 0. Box 503, Phone Seymour
8281L; financial secreary, Robt. McNeish,
P. 0. Box 503.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 226—
MeeU last Sunday of each month at
2 p.m. President, W. H. Jordan; vice-
president, W. H. Youhill; secretary-
treasurer, R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—MeeU
Id annual -eonvention in January. Excutive officers, 1018-19: President, J.
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vaneoaver;
vice-presidents—Vancouver Ialand: Cum*
berUnd, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prince Rupert, Geo. Casey; Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonneil; New Westminster, Geo. McMurphy; West Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Roberts; Crow's
Nest Pass, W. B. Phillips, Ferale, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary-treasurer, A. S.
Wells, Labor Temple, 405 DunBmuir St..
Vancouver, B. C.
VIOTOBIA, B. P.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADEB
and Labor Council—MeeU first and
third Wedneadaya, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vice-president, T.
Dooley; secretary-treasurer, Christian
Siverts, P. 0. Box 302, Victoria, B. 0.
NORTH VANOOUVER
U. B. OF CARPENTERS AND JOIN-
ers, Local 1777—Meets first and third
Mondays in I. O. 0. F. Hall, Lower Kieth
Road East, at 8 p.m. President, W.
dimming*, 10th Street East, North Vancouver; financial secretary, Arthur Roe,
310—13th St. W.j North Vancouver.
PRINCE RUPERT, B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LA-
bor Council—Meets second and fourth
TueRilays of each month, in Carpenters'
Hall. Pmldent, W, E. Thompson; secretary, Geo. Rudderhara, Box 278, Prince
Rupert, B, C.
Telephone Sey, 4841
H.M. Nugent &Co.
Sails, Tenti and Awningi
Teamsters' and Carpenters'
APRONS,   RUBBER   BOOTS  aad
OIL   CLOTHING
Estimate! given on canvas work
48 WATER STREET,
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
SHIPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 38A,
Series 5—MeeU the 2nd and 4th Fridays
•f the month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
Preaident, John Sully; financial aecreUry, M. A. Phelps; business agent and
cerreapondlng secretary, W. Lee. Offlce,
Bourn 219-220 Labor 'IVraple*
ONE BIG UNION UNIT of Steam and
Operating Engineers — Meets every
Monday, 7:30 p.m., Labor Templo. President, F. L. Hunt; vice-president, Percy
Chapman; secretary-treasurer and business agent, W. A. Alexander. Room 210,
_abor Temple. Phone Seymour 7495. _
STREET AND ELECT R_C~RAfLW AY
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—MeeU A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant,
1st and 3rd Mondays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell; recording secreUry, A. V. Lof'lng, 3239 St. Catherines
Street; treasu.nr- E. 8. Cleveland;
financial secretary and business agent,
Fred A. Hoover. 2400 Clark Drive; of ice
eorner Pri« andMain streets, I
GENERAL TEAMSTERS. CHAUFFEURS •
ft WAREHOUSEMEN. Vnnconvfr Unit
CUTS
And Commercial Art
ftr use in
Newspapers,   Catalogue*,   Souvenir
Booklet!*, Etc.
B18 HASTINOS ST. W.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1809
Capital Authorized ™ $ 25,000,000
Capital Paid-up - $ 15,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 16,000,000
Total Assets $430,000,000
566 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and British
West Indies.
Also branches in London, England; New Tork Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branches in Vanoouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets.
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Hobson Streets,
Cornei' Bridge Street and Broadway West
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Coiner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Ave. West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Cornor Seventeenth Ave and Main Street
2016 Yew Street.
Coiner Eighth Avenue and Main Street
Hudson Stroet, Marpole.
aIbo—North Vancouver, Now Westminster and 28 other
pontH in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS GIVEN TO SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
One dollar opens an Account on wliich interest is paid kali'yearly
at current rate*.
THOS. PEACOCK, 0, W. 7BAZEE, Vanconver,
Manager Vancouver Branch Supervisor tor B. 0.
"We also hear the word 'reconstruction,' but there is nothing to
be reconstructed in our country."—
President Arthur Quinn of the New
Jersey Federation of Labor( at Atlantic City.
FOBTUNATE the labor leaders
of a city in which an A. F. of
L. convention is held! A little
committee of "prominent" union officials making the rounds of the
hotels, the saloons, the banks. . .
"The A. F. of L. is going to meet
here. Six hundred delegates, with
their wives and families—lots M
money—free spenders—advertise the
city. Besides, you know we're opposed to Bolshevism. . . A little
contribution to 'entertain' the delegates! No publicity, you know.   .
Atlantic City wos more ambitious.
The Central Labor Union sent out
circulars to manufacturers and business men all over the country appealing for funds. The letter ion:
The convention will mark thc
most momentous period in thc history of tho relationship between capital and labor, wliich have been
drawn* infinitely closer together
through the forceful action of Sam-
ucl Gompers and the executive council of the American Federation of
Labor in stamping out Bolshevik
and other radical movements hi
America and the lending countries of
Europe, demonstrating clearly that
the organizod labor movement of
America will not countenance the
disruption of business and financial
enterprises created through individual initiative.   .   ,   ."
Thousands upon thousands of dollars came pouring in—showing how
interest-ad was big business in '' entertaining" tho A. F. df h. convention. But it was a little too row; so
the executive council revoked the
charter of the Central Labor Union
and returned thc money.   .   .   .
There were other.similur schemes
exposed. For example,, at the Labor
Press conference preceding thp convention, mention was made of th*»
Nntional Labor I .ess Association, nn
ingenious plan by an individual
named Taite, to extort advertisements and cash contributions from
banks and manufacturers on the
guarantee that the Labor papers
would combat Bolshevism.   .   .     .
"The working elass uud the employing class have nothing in common," gays thc I. W. W. preamble.
This is wrong. They have the A. F.
of L. in common. Business men from
all ovor the country, agents of chambers of commerce and manufacture
ers' associations, Mr. Easly, of the
Civic Federation—all these were in
attendance at tho thirty-ninth convention of thc American Federation
of Lnbor at Atlantic City. Thc
mayor, a local real estate shark, welcomed the gathering, saying: "Wc
want here no convention that does
not contain men and women one hun-
Idrcd per cent. American citizens."
After thc great democratic experi-
'onco of the war,he opined thnt "the
questions between capitnl and labor
will bo more easily settled without
strike and without turmoil." President Wilson sent a "May-I-not;"
Governor Bunyon, of tho labor-hating State of New Jersey, called Sammy Gompers "one of the great men
of God's world today;" Secretary
of Labor Wilson, red-handed from
expelling "alien agitators" from the
land of the free, denounced thc proposed Moonoy strike, which, he said,
would'undermine the noblest heritage of democracy, thc jury system,
and attacked Bolshevism, which, according to him, meant only 'obligatory labor.' Dealing with thc I. W.
\V., he said thcir central doctrine
was "that every man is entitled to
tho full social value of wbat his labor produces.
"This is aound," ho went on.
"Thc great -difficulty has been that
human intelligence has not yet devised a method by which wc can
compute what tjio social value of
anyone's labor Is.   .   ,   ,"
No place eould bc more appropriate for an A. F. of L. convention
than Atlantic City—a pleasure resort, without industry; a place where
thc delegates would not bo embarrassed by thc presence of thc toiling
masses—where no strike eould occur
to mar the harmony of the proceedings. Tho convention would be safe
in tho Coney Island of the Bich!
Along tho sea-front tho lofty fantastic facades of thc great play-hotels, the peanut aud popcorn stands,
candy counters, shooting galleries
(bcuring the legend, "Two patriotic
dutios—Buy Liberty Bonds and
Lenrn to Shoot"), the bathing-
houses nnd amusement piers, blatant
with merry-go-round tousic and tho
shrieks of pleasure-seekers bumping
the bumps—interspersed with oxtra-
vagant jewelry shops, fur stores,
branches of New York and Paris
milliners, modistes, stock brokers,
banks; thc wide, surf-poandod
beaches crowded with bathers in the
bright sun .and overhead tho airplanes and "blimps" whirring up
and down from the Air Port to the
Inlet (nt *)2_ a passenger.)
On thc wido boardwalk the strutting peacock profession, and tho interminable lines of wheelchairs
pushod by negroes, in which recline
hard-faced women splendidly arrayed and "tired business men."
At night the cabarets tn ride
streets going full blast till morning,
jazz bands and the wriggling shimmy, nasal songs of syncopated lamentation over the coming aridity
("You Can't Do the Shimmy on a
Ginger Ale!") for lone strangers tho
institution of the "hostess"—a title
borrowed from the army camps during the war—girls hired by the management to wear gay clothing and
dnncc and drink with melancholy
strangers who have failed to pick up
butterflies on tho Boardwalk.
Into nil these local diversions the
representatives of the American industrial proletariat, each with five or
six hundred dollars "expense
money "—besidos his private fortune
—entered with nest. Tho towering
and gorgeous hotels honied many;
they rode, white flannel trousered,
in the wheel-chairs, smoking heavy
cigars; ai night they crowded the
bars, or shimmied in cabarets where
highballs cost a dollar apiece, and
called all the "hostesses" by natoo.
Ono delegate—a workman—remarked feelingly, "I wish to Ood I
could bring my membership down
here and show 'em what becomes of
the surplus value!"
A delegate from a Middle Weit
delegate of tho Teamsters Uniqa,
"I've got 25 teamsters in my,town
who want to organize. If you'll
send .us an organizer we ean get a
strong Teamster Local inside.of a
couple of weeks."
"How many can you gett" „ (I
"About two hundred."
Tobin made a rapid calculation.
"An organizer costs (15 a day. Two
hundred teamsters would bring in a
per capita of only a few dollars a
month.   There's nothing in it."
Out at the end of the steel pier
rose the white cupolas of thc convention hall, a great room walled with
gloss, standing above thc rolling Atlantic surges. In thc entrance, two
objects, ono a huge symbolic bronze
panel, "The Triumph of Labor,"
presented by tho British Trades
Union Congress Parliamentary Committee; thc other, a cabinet full of
samples of papor manufactured by a
private corporation, which has water-marked its product with the union
label. This advertising scheme is in
charge of a member of tho Paper
Mnkers Union, whose international
president himself hands around circulars advising all union men to buy
this paper becauso it bears the union
labpl!
Within, at long tables, somo 600
delegates, and on tho platform,
flanked by clusters of Allied flags, a
row of wooden tables and a speakers' stand. To thc left sit the secretaries and stenographers; to tho
right, tho fraternal delegates from
England, Cnnada, Japan; in the rear.
the Mexican fraternal delegate; and
in thc centre, in n tall, carved, grand
ducal chair, Samuel Gompers himself,
the most grotesque figure that ever
presided at any human gathering.
Squat, with thc face of a conceited
bullfrog, thc sparse gray hair hanging from his bnid hood in wisps, as
if it wcro glued on; speaking with a
mincing, "refined" accent. He was
considerably older than when.I last
saw him, and at times his mind appeared to slip a little; but his control of the convention was nn nuto-
cratic as ever, and he ordered delegates to thcir seats, shut off -debate,
iquelchcd rebellion with his customary ease—and perhaps even more
easily^ for there was less rebellion
than ever.
One delegate, whose union had
suspended for refusing to abide by
the ruling of tho A. F. of L_ <ip a
jurisdictional dispute, hurled at him:
"My union is destroyed. But I want
to ask thc chair, isn't it tW<f^>lo
that no charter can be revoked) without a two-thirds vote of this boifyf"
Gompers summoned to his sftl&tjld
Jim Duncan, thc first vice-pre-bidj-nt,
with whom he held a low-voicefl'-conversation, looking at his ■"(vutrh,
whilo the delegate stood waittfg for
an answer. tia
After a few minutes the olA'ftan
arose and pounded thc .stand'With
his gavel. "The hour of aifyrarn-
ment having arrived," he salt with
a smile, "1 declare thc contention
ndjourned!" atfi
By Gompers' side sat a sligfet-dit-
tie woman in black, who occasionally
fed him a glass of wine. Thia was
the only visible evidence of his recent accident—there was very little
talk of that, however—for it appeared that Mr. Gompers had been riding in a "scab" taxicab when ho
was injured. ..
About him stood his chief lieutenants, thc floor leaders of the machine; old Jim Duncan of the Granite
Cutters, member of thc Boot Mission
to Russia, said to be the world'slong
distance whiskcy-swiller—a white-
moustached, lean old Scotchman,
dour and unloved; John P. Troy, of
the Molders, a plausible, well-dressed
youngish man who looked like u
stock broker, and Matt Woll, of the
Photo Engravers, a smooth young
man who was being groomed for
vice-president.
Most of thc old-time radicals, cynical from long experience,- were not
active. The fight against the -machine was led chiefly by James Duncan of Seattle, a little red-headed
man; "Curly" Grow, of Los Angeles, also red-headed, a machinist with
a bull voico and no fear; Deutel-
buuiu, of Detroit, a stocky, intelligent Socialist, whom Gompers persisted in cnlling "Nudclmann*;" J.
J. Sullivan of Salt Lake, a "red"
Irishman; C. W. Strickland of Portland, Oregon, an old-fashioned liberal with a drooping gray moustnehc,
who introduced scores of radical resolutions and defended tho radical
side ef every question in a mild,
calm voice, utterly disregarding the
attempt of the machine to make him
the butt of the convention. And
among others, Brown and Schoenberg
of the machinists; Bollenbacher, of
Pennsylvania; Sweeney, of Philadelphia; J. Mahlon Barnes, of the Cigarmakers, and the foreign-bora delegates of the ncedlo trades.
Externally thero was little to
differentiate the assembly from the
annual convention of the National
Association of Car Manufacturers,
which was meeting at tho sumo time
in another hall. Almost all the
delegates wore emblems of fraternal
 of
orders—Elks, Masons, Knights!
Pythias—which, as everyone knpfs,
are merely commercial elubs or
business men. More than a thim of
the delegates were themselves Nm-
ployers of labor; all but a few ir re
well-to-do. Even the iewsp» -rs
commented upon the display of[cia-
raonds. Sixty-five delegates 1< m-
Inated the convention, represent ng
about 28,000 votea. These were all
officials ef the groat national j ind
international unions. They wen
pensively dressed, and their fl]
were portly. Long absence
their trade had filled out the; 1 ol-
lows of their cheeks, leaving het vy
jowls, and the strong lines made by
hard work coarsened and ovctl id
with self-indulgent fat. I
Sinister suggestions of graft, of
murderous violenco bought and paid
for, of politieal trading, of strikes
betrayed, union treasuries looted,
hovered about them. Here was an
official of the Building Trades, who
could be hired at a regular price by
embarrassed contractors to (all a
strike, And there, an official of a
Middle Western coal miners' union,
who was at tke same Ume on the
pay-roll of the eoal eompany. Another official, president of an international union with an income of
M00,0©0 a year, had failed te account for $10O,OM of the union's
money; some of the locale joined te
investigate, and Mm president suspended tbem, and hurried to Atlantic (Mty te get the support ef
tho "machine."  Bat the rebel lead;
with a court summons to answer on
injunction, on the boardwalk in
front of the Alanine Hotel, to the
screaming profanity and threats of
the official. Hundreds of these obscure, murderous little dramas of internal union politics were being
played, with their connotation of
gun-men, of the turning put of lights
in union meetings, and shooting.
It was symbolic that the convention should meet in a hall at tho end
of a pier stretching out to sea. It
held itself aloof, not only from the
new currents of thought and action
flowing outside the world, but from
thc labor movement of America.
And every effort seemed to be mnde
by the A. F. of L. officials to keep
it so. With this in view the fraternal delegates consisted of a little
Japanoso politician named Suzuki,
who denied tho Japnnest atrocities
in Korea; J. M. Walsh, a Gompers
lieutenant from Canada, and Luis
Morones, general secretary of the
Mexican Federation of Lubor, also a
creature of Gompers in the formation of the Pan-American Fedoration of Labor. To listen to these
men, onc would think that the
American Federation of Labor was
thc leading organization of the
workers of mankind—and that
trade unionism was the perfect
weapon for emancipating labor. But
the delegates of thc British Trados
Union Congress, especially Miss
Margaret Bundfield of the Independent Labor Party, spoke a different
language, which would have been
disconcerting had thc delegates understood it. Gompers had been
boasting that tho A.F, of L. represented the most numerous organization of workers in the world; but
here was a littlo woman who represented four nnd a half million workers—a million more. Gompers had
advised against the formation of a
separate Labor Party, and condemned Socialism; hut Miss Bondfleld
spoke for a lnbor movement which
had its own labor party, thc greatest political force in England, and
in the near future certainly heir to
thc British Government; and this
party was planning to resume relations with the Socialist Internationale, and advocated thc end of
capitalism, and "production for uso
instead of production for profit."
Gompers denounced the strike for
political purposes, and disapproved
of thc general strike; but this girl
spoko of the mighty Triple Alliance,
and its threat to paralyze England
to halt intervention in Russia. Com-
per atttacked Bolshevism and praised the Peace Treaty; but British
Labor had attacked the Peaco
Treaty—and ns for Bolshevism, Miss
Bondfleld told a story ubout two
dockers she overheard. One said:
"I sec in the papers todny whero
they call Bob Smillie a Bolshevist
and a follower of Irfnin." Said another: "Well, if Lenin is anything
like Bob Smillie, ho is a damned
good sort!" And Miss Bondfleld
ended: "Oh, the stupidity of trying to fight us by cnlling us Bolsheviki!" But in tho official report
of her speech this was stricken out,
with all other remarks unpleasant
to the Machine.
This was tho only opportunity
Miss Bondfleld got to inform the
delegates what was going on in England. During thc debate on the
Labor Charter to tho League of
Nations, one delegate, wishing to
get beforc the dolegates the infor
matiou that British Labor wns
against it, asked that she be allow
cd to tell the nttitude of thc Trades
Union* Congress; but Gompers quick
ly ruled it out of ordor.
It was impossible to keep out all
information, however. The ' One
Big Union movement in Canada and
thc Wost, industrial unionism in its
various manifestations, t,he Seattle
strike, thc Winnipeg strike, thc
spread of "Bolshevist"'doctrines
everywhere—all these bent upon the
convention and surged up within it.
They had to be, and were, brought
out, denounced und scotched", without debate. Soviet Russia had to be
met and destroyed, and thc committee on resolutions did tho job.
Tho appeal of Wilfrid Humphries
to address the convention about Russia had been met by Frank Morrison 'b quiet refusal. "We know all
about Russia," ho said. "Jim Duncan was there." At the same time
every opportunity was given to tho
Kolchak forcos to distribtue thcir
lying literature in the convention
hall.
There were a number of resolution! concerning Russia introduced.
One had to do with the lifting of
the blockade; another, with tho
withdrawal of American troops from
Russia; and the third, offered by
Duncan of Seattle, requested thc A.
F. of L. to tako a referendum of
organized labor throughout the
country on the question of recognizing tho Soviet Govornment. The
committee's recommendation "expressed its conviction that the
troops should be withdrawn at the
earliest possible moment;" and secondly, refused the endorsement of
the convention to the Soviot Government or any other government in
Russia, until ' the Rusian people,
through a constituent assembly,
should establish a " fcmocratie"
form of government.
In explaining the resolution, Seeretary John P. Frey aaid: "The
official claim of the Soviet Governmont ii that it represent the workers, and only the workeri, and for
that reason iuch a form of government should not receive the endorsement of the convention of the
American Federation of Labor.
We cannot endorse any government but one based upon universal suffrage of all the people."
Old Andrew Furuseth uncoiled
from his seat. "Should we apply
this standard to Belgium 1" he asked, and sat down. The secretary's
embarrassment was covered by
President Gompers' gavel,
Gorenstein, ef the Ladies1 Garment Workera, naked if tkis resolution meant that the eonvention approved of lending amnumition to
Kolchak with which to murder Russian workers! Oompers replied that
he considered the question an insult te tbe convention. And ao,
without a word aaid concerning the
lifting of tha blockade, debate being TutHeaaly shut off, the recommendation wns passed—loi sympathetic than the declarations of the
Allied Peace Council—less liberal
than tke statements ef the United
States Oovernment
Iq return for the betrayal of
Russia tho Machine was obliged to
permit the passage of a resolution
calling upon tho government to
recognize the Irish Bepublic. This
concession to the Sinn Fein politicians secured their consent to all
further foreign policies, however reactionary, that Gompers might wish
the convention to adopt. In its subservience to the Wilson administration the Machine tried to prevent
the recommendation for absolute
recognition; but after all, thc Senate had done practically the samo
thing, and a resolution more or less
could do no harm. So Gompers left
the chair, and it was passed, at thc
expense of the European revolutions
—just as tho Tchekho-Slovaks sold
out Soviet Russia for thcir own independence.
The Seattle strike was only mentioned once—in the debate upon the
anti-Prohibition resolution. Supporting Prohibition, Duncan of Seattle
pointed out that since tho workers
of the Northwest could no longer
fuddle themselves with drink, 'they
had begun to uso their minds, and
to act.
"Well," replied Gompers, "if
what has been going on in Seattle is
tho result of Prohibition, then we
don't want it!"
Thc first business before tho convention was consideration of thc reports of thc A. F. of L. Missions to
Europe. From the flrst cablegrams
of Oudcgccst and Henderson, sent
through the American Ambassador
and the State Department in November, and December, 1918, proposing the calling of a new International Socialist and Labor Conference, we see Gompers balking and
intriguing. Ho evaded a direct answer; refused to be bound by tho
Interallied Conference at Leeds; refused to meet with tho Socialists,
saying: "Wo regard meetings with
representatives of political parties
conducive to no good results.'' When
Henderson, Vandei-velde and Thomas
called thc Trade Union Conference
to meet coincidontly with tho Socialist Conferonco at Borne, Gompers and the other A. F. of L. delegates refused to attend, but remained in Paris "in close touch with the
Peace Commissioners," aiid tried to
stage their own private labor congress. "Our position in tho matter
(the Berne Conference) was approved by thc Presidont and the
American commissioners,' J says
Gompers, naively.
In London he tried to detach the
reactionary British unions from the
Labor Party; in Paris he sought to
creato a back-fire against tho Berne
Conference, and persuaded the Belgian delegation not to attend. Finally Gompers, the only bona fide
representative of labor* in the world
who could be trusted by thc Imperialist governments, allowed himself
to bo appointed a member of the
Commission on International Labor
Legislation, whoro liis vanity was
gratified by being elected president
—and where, as he himself testified,
ho was in "absolute harmony" with
the other American delegate, who
(Continued next pnge)
FRIDAY August   15, IMS
-i
The Great
West Produce
and Grocery
1126 Granville St
Phone Sey. 3695
We have all kinds of
fresh groceries, fruits
and vegetables.
Prompt Delivery
A convention of thc Alborta Labor
Party will be held in Calgary on
Lnbor Day.
Vancouver Land District
District of Coaat, Range 1
TAKE NOTICE that I, Mary
Alice Clarke of Vancouver, B. C,
housewife, intend to apply for permission to purchaso tho following
described lands:
Commencing at a post planted
abont forty chains North to tho
South boundary of Lot 542; thence
West .Sixty chains; thenco South
about twenty chains to tho North
boundary of Lot 1004; thence East
forty chains; thence South twenty
chains; thence East twenty chains
to the point of commencement, containing 160 ncres, more or less.
MARY ALICE CLARKE.
Dated 31st July 191!).
Get More for   ?■
Your Dollar—
By Shop-plat the
Way—It's a mat
to Economy
Marketaria*
Butter,
3 lbs.
for.
per can  *.
Shredded Wheat,
per pkg:
the  Tory  finest
 $1.75
Tomato Catnap, .'..-lb. ng
cam t—OC
Coffee, fresh ground ud A E
rousted, per lb T-tOC
Reindeer Mil!., OA_-s
13c
13c
d; worth
50c
35c
25c
25c
Freeh and Cured Meats
Reasonably Priced
S. T.Wallace's
Marketaria
118 HASTINGS 8T. WEST
Phone Seymour 1266
Grape Nuts,
per pkg	
Tea, rich, delicious blend; worth
75c; my price,
per lb	
Fresh mado Ginger
Snaps, 2 lbs	
Salmon, special, 2 tins
for 	
Sardines in oil; speeial,
per tin 	
Fino large Onions,
4 lbs	
Vancouver Land District
Diatrict of Coast, Range 1
TAKE NOTICE tbat I, Edwin
Clark Appleby of Vancouver,
B. C, Jeweller, intend to apply for
permission to purchaso the following
lands:
Commencing at a post planted
nbout .fifty chains Southwest of the
Southeast corner of Lot 422; thence
about, twenty chains North to thc
South boundary of Lot 422; thence
Easterly nbout forty chains to tho
West boundary of Lot 429 (old P.B.
503); thenecSouth about sixty chains
to shoreline; thence Westorly and
Northerly along tho shoreline to
point of commencement, and containing 200 acres more or less.
EDWIN CLAEK APPLEBY.
Dated at Vancouver, 31st July, 1919.
UNION MEN ARE
MADE WELCOME
-AT THE-
Bank
Buffet
Soft Drinks and
Fresh  Cool  Beer.
The right treatment';
and best service.
If you want the best
quick lunch iii the
city give us a trial.
Ex-Sergt. Forestell
Corner Hastings and
Homer
Be sure to notify the post office
as soon as you change your address.
SPENCER'S AUGUST
FURNITURE SALE
DINING-ROOM  FURNITURE
INLAID MAHOGANY DINING SUITE-Comprising very largo buffet, 52-inch round-top extension
tablo, sot of 8 chair8s with genuine leather dip
-seats, largo-size sidetable. Regular (475.00. Sale
prico  $820.00
BLACK WALNUT DINING SUITE—In William
and Mary design, comprising buffet, china cabinet, 48x00 oval extension table and set of 6
chairs with genuine leather slip seats. Begular
$050.00.   Salo prico ....:. 1500.00
DINING SUITE—In quarter-cut oak, Old English
finish, comprising massive buffet with beveled
plato mirror, china cabinet, round-top pedestal
extension table, set of 6 slip-seat chairs. Sale
price   $340.00
DINING SUITE—In golden quarter-cut oak, comprising buffet, with plate mirror, pedestal extension table with round top; sot of 6 chairs with
leather scats.   Salo price $146.60
DINING SUITE—In fumed quarter-cut oak, comprising buffet with large plate mirrors, pedestal
extension tablo with round top, set of 6 slip-seat
diners.   Begular (185.00.   Sale price  $143.50
DINING SUITE—In fumed quarter-cut oak, comprising buffet with plate mirror, pedestal extension table with round top, set of 6 diners. Regular *135.00.   Sale price ..». ..$99.50
DINING SUITE—In fumed finish, comprising
buffet with plate mirror, round-top pedestal extension table, sot of aix pad sett diners. Sale
price    $66.00
LIVING-ROOM FURNITURE
KIDNEY   CHESTERFIELD—With   spring   e> _
scat, button back, covered in tapestry,   Begular
$225.00, salo price 1166.00
CHESTERFIELD—Witb spring back and arm,
spring edge scat witb three looso cushions; very
comfortable.   Rogular $185.00, sale price.....(149.00
CHESTERFIELD—With well padded back, spring
edge seat, threo looso enshions. Reg. (1(>5.00,
snle price $126.00'
STUFF-OVER PARLOR SUITE—Settee choir andj
rocker, covered in good quality tapestry. Regular $120.00, salo prico $89.00
8 ONLY UPHOLSTERED CHAIRS AND ROCKERS—With well padded back and arras. Covered
in good quality tapestry. Begular to -(40.00,
sale price  $34.60
6 ONLY STUFF-OVER CHAIRS-In good quality;
tapestry.   Rogular to $38.00, solo price ._ $29.00
SOLID MAHOGANY PARLOR SUITE—Settee,
two chairs with silk upholstered seat and back,,
"soiled."   Regular $200.00, salo prico '$9f "
MAHOGANY PARLOB SUITE—With tapestry'
scat.   Begular $60.00, sale prico $49.00
MAHOGANY CHAIRS AND ROCKERS—Witb
tapestry spring seats. Regular to $20.00, sale
priee   $18.60
12 ONLY WALNUT AND MAHOGANY FINISH1
CHAIRS with tapestry spring seats. Regular U
•M5.00,   sale  price   $19.6(
UPHOLSTERED WICKER CHAIRS—In fumot
finish, padded seats and back.   Snle price....$14.(K
LIVING-ROOM TABLES
< ONLY LIBRARY TABLES—In massive, straight
lines with drawer and book shelves, golden and
fumed quarter-cut oak. Regular to $39.00, sale
■price  $29.60
6 ONLY LIBRARY TABLES—In fnmed and golden
oak with drawer nnd   book-ends.    Regular   to
$2*1.50, snle prico  $17.26
PABLOB TABLES—In golden    quarter-out    oak,
with shaped top nnd turned legs. Sale price_$4.9C
OCCASIONAL TABLES—In golden   aid   fumod
finish, square top.   Regular $3.00, sale price..$!MKJ
DEN FURNITURE
DEN SUITE—In fmncd quarter-cut oak with pad
back and spring seat, covered in tapestry. Regular $100.00, aale price    $65.00
DEN SUITE—With fumed oak frame, spring seat,
button baok, covered in tapestry; -wiled. Regular $49.00, aalo prico $34.60
t ONLY DEN CHAIRS—With mahogany frame,
•eat and baek upholstered in genuine leather.
Begular te $35.00, sale price $84.00
DEN ROCKERS—In fumed and golden-oak wittf
fabriekoid seat and back.   Sale prico $14.50
MOBBIS CHAIRS—In fumed and goldon oak with:
fabriekoid scat and back; adjustable to four,
positions.   Sale price $12.00
DEN CHAIRS AND ROCKERS—In fumed and
golden quarter-cut oak with fahriokoid spring
■eats.   Begular to $18.60, sale price  $11.90
David Spencer, Limited t?BIDAr...-_-._.__agm_  15, MM
eletenth thab. in. a     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
-FT IS ILLEGAL TO-
BOYCOTT
BUT HUS WILL ADVISE YOU THAT
STEVES'
DAIRY IS UNFAIR snd REFUSES
TO EMPLOY UNION MEN. YOU
ARE INVITED TO VISIT THE
PLANT UNEXPECTEDLY, AND
WE WILL ABIDE BY YOUB VERDICT.
[THE CONVENTION*
07 THE DEAD
(Continued ttom page t)
vanwtoteb, b. a
FELLOW UNIONISTS
Be -jouietent wt de-mi tha Wnien attaa on jrotu* boote aa4
iheea.  Ike foUeMag loenl Una are fait I* OigMdM-i tabor aal
we ttertky tt yew aatronag* wd anwert:
J. Leckie Co., Ltd., 2» Cambie Street.
Harvey Boot 8kef, 11 Cerdev* SI. W.-Caatoaa Making aad Uf
pain.
W. J. Hoade, N Water Street   Cuitcm Making and Bepaira.
. H. Vde * Son, 68 Cordova Street West—Custom Making and Be-
•-air*.
Dunsmuir Beat Skep, Wl Daaianiir Street—Cwtom Making and
Retail*.
-imiON BBPAOt SHOPS
"Nedehf" Skoe Bepair Company, l»4r QiaanB* Street
Mtandard Ske* Befur Stop, 01$ BebM* Stmt
H. a. Tkomi, 8H Engiwaj.
Woods Ltd. "K" Boot Sho-* Oordsva and Haatinga St W.
H. C. Spauiding, 6971 Truer ttteaet, South Taneouvor.
Be pregwiT*, Mb Shoe B*_-alnr, and gat tn touch wttk I
taqr Ten Owr, m Tornm Btin.
HIGH GRADE
Mechanics' Tools
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION
J. A. Flett, limited
»» HASTINGS STREET WEST
We buy and sell second-hand GUNS
represented capiteliw in the United
'Statu, Hairy J. Roberteoa. Tkus
Gompers served as sponsor for tko
ridiculous and meaninglea* Labor
Charter attacked to the covenant of
tho League of Nations.
Tho labor mission to Italy, ignored by the official Socialist and
Labor movement*, consorted witk
such organization* as the Humanitarian Society—a semi-governmental
charity; tho Co-operative Uniona;
and tho Catholic Workmen's Society
—a reactionary anti-Socialist organisation,
lit these labor missions tho A. F.
of L. was used by the Alied imperialists to try to   break   tho   solid
front of th* revolutionary working
class of Europe, to play lho stool-
pigeon and the provocator.   Diplomatic representatives of tbe various
governments     accompanied     them
everywhere; they were received hy
kings and field marshals, banqnetted,'.
jiwketted, takon oa trips   to   the
front, where thoy   associated   with
offlcors.   Everywhere they pretended
to represont the - entire   American
working class, carefully  concealing
tke faot that the Amorican Oovern-
meat had refused passports to the
Socialists, while it permitted, if it
did not finance, foreign tours of the
Waitings, tke Spargos, the Ruranlla,
Tbe  convention  displayed every
J mark of satisfaction at the honors
received by tho A. F. of L. abroad.
The moat important  point, howevor, was the debate on   the   laber
charter aad the League of Nation*.
Andrew Furuseth had given notice
that he intended to attack the labor
charter several days beforehand, and
Gompers waa worried. It was chiefly
for this that he allowed tho "recognition of the Irish Bepublic" resolution te go through.   Beforo the debato. he carefully polled -the moat in
portent delegations and   wired   to
Wilson in Paris. ■
In privato conversation Furuseth
characterised the League of Nation*
thug
"It's lik* tho proposal of an old
roue to a girl of seventeen; not a
young man proposing to a young
woman—not a mature man to a mature woman bnt aa old, debauched
inan-about-town to an innocent
young girl. Sho think* his intentions are honorablo.''
By far thc most interesting figure
of the convent-ion was Andy.Furuseth, delegate and organizer of the
Seamen's Union; a toll, thin, stooping old man, wearing tho flapping
trousers of the old-time sailor, his
thin face, with its hawklike nose
and piercing eyes, twisted and
wrinklod as if from lifelong torture;
always unsmiling, speaking in para-
Wes full of a sort of deep, calm
cynicism. Once, when they threatened to arrest him in San Francisco, ke said: "Well, tbey can't make
rae any lonelier than I have alwaya
beea; tbey can't give me worse food
thaa I've always eaten nor worso
clothe* than I've always worn, and
they can't make me suffer more than
I've always suffered. So let them
arrest me." Always lonely—this is
the impression I havo of Andy Furuseth, witk hi* philosophic detachment from the people about him, and
hia deep and quiet despair.
We met him one night   on
It was in this toiie thst the chiefs rcsolu'
of the Machino always spoko of th% jS^ers
A. F. of t.; that it had give* AmeriJ [The
ean workers shorter   hours,   better 7-orted
whose oyes it will bring light and cgates. Later on, the Mooney affair
enable thom to catch np with a»." famo before tho body in a series of
It was in this tote that the chiefs Tosolutions, many of them urging a
""neral atrike.
committee on resolutions ra*
— -.-- „.   _™.„,   _v,-_. _,.*ted an emasculated motion  re-
wagea, better living conditions thaa questing tke executive council to
any other labor organisation ia*-**-'*take steps" to secure Mooney a
the world. And tko delegates be- M* trial. Then it proceeded to con-
liovcd thoso things. But if the Minn the idea of a general strike*
labor mission had gone to the Berne *™ in order to cover up thc inac-
| Trade Union Congreaa it would, have £>'". of th* A. F. of L. concerning
discovered that sll over Europe the *"""-<y during fhe last three year?
labor movement had advanced.far *"1 the treachery of those lahor
beyond the A. F. of I*.—even in the 'ciders who havo sabotaged1 his caae
matter of hours, wages and condi- the committeo delivered a furious at-
tions. In tho central empires, for '»ck upon the International Work*
eiamplo, and in Scandinavia the, _**' Defense League, which it accus-
forty-foarhour woek   was   in   full'W of having misused funds contrib-
I "way; the right to strike and picket was universal, aa was the closed
"hop, the right of eloction of foremen, etc. In fact, the delegates of
the Britiah trades, unions found
thomsolves a "baekward" country;
but the countries whoso labor condition* were tho worst of all, conditions which embarrassed the elaboration of a progressive labor programme, were Japan, India, Egypt
and tho southern atat** of tho United Stato*!
At th* apening of the oonvention
PAGE SEVEN
uiu American repuDiic falls, it will wo'*merieaa federation of Labor
be tkrough tho concentration of -W backward, hopelessly entangled
wenlth   _n*l   ».*.-.   'i..-..--.   • ,    i_.__n _._-_<■ _«.*-_ -_-._ _____
! on Thursday morning, June 19, Lai*
N. Moronea was received as fraternal delegato from Mexico. Two hours
lator the convention went on record
. ss favoring th* exclusion of foreign
•immigrants—including Mexican* —
1 for at l*ast two years.
I saw Morones outside the convention hall. Hi* face was grave with
anxiety and hia hand* shook.
"Seaor Morones," I mid, "Ike
flnt eonvention of the Pan-Ameri:
j can Federation of Labor will ba held
in New Tork City next montk. What
will be tko effect of thi* exclusion;
act J"
"Desaatrosar" he burst out—
which means, in Spanish, much mere
than "disastrous."
" What will be the effect npon thr
|Mexican workers!"
He hesitated for a moment, and
then aaid,. in a tragic voice: "Our
.peoplo know that the imperialists of
your country want to annex Mexi--|
eo. But we thought that American
labor would refuse to support those
evil designs, and it was for that reason that we welcomed an alliance
botweon tho workers of aU the
American countries. But I fear that
this act of thc eonvention will -destroy the confidence of our people
—will mako them bolieve thot Amer
ican labor will regard with indiffer
ence the invasion of my country."
Upon' this resolution the radical*
delegates made a strong, and bitter
fight Duncan, of Seattlo, Grow of
Los Angoles, Strickland of Portland,
Ore.; Sweeney of Philadelphia, and
the' foreign-born workers, protested
.,.*_ *,..,*.*™-»urn worxors protostedrr'."»r. ™mmnieos, snop oommit
that the Fcsolution denied So right *__J^ot parties; wb,le With gath*
of i*olita_l ».«i»™ »■* *■>- ""  ***** »«-—*— "— "*-- '"---
of politieal asylum to the persecuted of the earth. Sweeney said, "If
the American republic falls, it will
wealth  and not through immigra
facloty    _
Hamad Shew sr* frequently mads
in Non-ukM factorial
SO NOT BUT ANY SHOS
No matter what ita name, unltas
it bean a plain asd readable im-
preanas af thia UNION STAMP.
AU Skoe* witkoat tk* UMIW R—ff an always Nonunion
Do not accept aar anu* fee Abnac* af tb* Unlet* Stamp
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
2*8 macs* msBT, bostoh, mass.
OOI.I8 I-OVKI.Y, General PwWnt-CHAS. L. RAMI, General Bec.-Tr-tu.
,.        —   —■■■•   »«-o  atagm.     UB     tnO
[boardwalk, and someone   spoke   of       .._ ,u. _..«■. ■mvumu.
■'revolution. "The kind of rovolu- brotherhood of thp working class,"
tiou you're looking for, young man," That this was tho object of the
mid Furuseth, suddenly, "will come machine was proven by thc conven-
_ .._,—B ,..,L>..ctu j. ii una central*
uted by union men and having con*
spired to break down the American
Federation of Labor.
The passionate speech of Patter*
wn, for the league, who eried ont
that without the league union labor
would never have heard of Mooney
—whieh is true; the hot-headed re-
mark of Duncan of Beattio, apropos
of the accusation of misusing funds,
"We've men a goi*   many drunken
organizers of the A. V. of U out
our way!" followed   by   Gompors'
challenge to name them, which Duncan declined to do; the speeches of
many dolegates, and the attempts of
others who sympathized to get the
floor—all thoso availed nothing. At
usual, debate was wdely shut ott
and the committee'a recommendation
adopted, virtually condemning Tom
Mooney to life imprisonment   .   . *
followed the resolution ant to domand freedom for political prisoners, accompanied by the committee's
gratuitous remark that "many of
the sentences were fully warranted," and jammed home by ft spread-
eagle speech from Weaver, of the
musicians, who spoko of "traitors
at home," and "the dead in Flam-
der» fields"— and all that remained
to do, in order to complete the reactionary record, waa to refuse to
ask for the repeal of the Espionage
Act, This was done—or, rather,' the
repeal of the. Espionage Act was demanded   "after   the - signature   of
peace," when it will bo automatically repealed anyway.
Thus while the labor movement of
the whole world are demanding at
least ft fuller measure of democracy
in industry; while they declare
themselves at least against intervention in Bussia—as I write, the labor movements of France, Italy and
England are preparing for a general
strike on July 20th against intervention; while they strike to free
their own leaders, and among them
Tom Mooney and the convicted I.
W. W.'s, and in no uncertain terms
insist upon an amnesty for political
prisoners; while they develop shop
steward   committees,  shop commit-
_, _ _,   „aa,rv  -»»u gaiir
eriwg momentum- they move toward
■the brink of the social revolution—
tho American Federation of Labor
•in the mazes of its narrow craft un-
,'The usual attempts were made by
    „.,„   .0*,*   u-tuugu  inimigra-(."T"'—«» « «-«wrow «
tion." Ho ftccused the A. F. olfh.[?^'W2W*™-J?™-
of being poisoned with capitalistic ['"'
ideas. Delegate Sumner shouted,'' If
we had any brains or strength we
would get back our heritage in natural resources from thoee who have
taken them away from us, and not
be wasting otir time discussing, immigration!" Duncan of Seattle re'
gistered his protest, nt the same time
admitting "that the federation machine is too  powerful   to    combat
.here." He said he was afraid thatj"""- xnore is suck a thing.'
tho convention would be able to de- «id, "ft* democrncy run wild!
feat "our aims for the International J    I *P°he to Mm afterwards :
-    ' "You said on the platform a lit-1
„    __.!.__._    -_       -*      ■ JJ  I
ua utfmg poisoiwa with capitalisticr^'"0""""""^,*^11*^^
ideas. Delegate Sumner shouted, »H W**4* ^democrati-e the «acWn-
we had any brains or strength we efL°f th* A< f-?f ^-J°laWy £e
-   •-     •■■*-- * .Qufttomary resolution in favor of the
-initiative and referendum within the
-fofjeffttion.
fw -his was opposed by John P. Frey
isa* the committee on thc ground
that it would permit some outside
ioi-gp-iisations to-"get hold" of the
MMibership and wreck the federation.   "There is such a thing," he
bor monopoly. It is an attack upon
property—just as the I. W. W. ie
nn attack upon property from the
other direction. And the A. F. ef
L. fights baek, as capitalism fights
revolution, without scruple and without mercy.
Do the court* issue i»juaetio_s
against picketing—against strikes,
boycotts! Then, saya the A. F. of L,
convention, te hell with the courts.
Does the great United State* Steel
Corporation forbid the organisation
of its hundreds ef thousands of
workersf The A. F. of L. will mass
its power against tho United States
Steel Corporation. The mayors and
police of tke steel town* have forbidden meetings, jailed speakers,
run organisers ent ef town. This is
a challenge tb organised labor, and
they wiJI take it up. ,
In the Alanine Hotel one night I
attended a. meeting of the committee
to organise the steel industry. At
tbe head of that committee waa appointed John Fitzpatrick of Chicago,
who will recognize the revolution
when he aces it coining down the
street, and William Foster, old-time
wobbly and syndicalist at heart.
When there is desperate businoss of
tbis kind afoot it is the radicals
twho are picked to do it; after-
[ ward—
•Old Andy Furuasth made a motion
that the presidents of the great international unions pledge themselves
te go into the Pittsburgh district
one by one and lend the fight fer
free speech and the right to organise, risking arrest and violence ef
lt&e steal trust gunmen. There was
a certain hesitation among the ofll
cials present.   .   .   .
"It doesn't do any harm to yenr
reputation to get arrested," said
Curly Grow. "Why, I've been arrested Ave times out on the coast
[and toy prestige hasn't Buffered. ."
I Under-the urge of the general enthusiasm twenty-four international
presidents who were there pledged
| themselves to go.
As we came away from the meeting one of the boys spoke to Andy
Furuseth. "Well, tho boys didn't
seem very much exalted over thoir
coming martyrdom," he said.
Furuseth turned to him with sol
emnity. "Young man," he said, "do
you know why the Catholic cardinals
wear red!"
"No."
"In token that they shalt be the
first to shed their blood in defense
of the church."
I U.S. Military Gang Frame
Compulsory Military
Training BiB
A threo-months' compulsory military training for every 19-year-old
| boy ia provided in ft. bill prepared
by the Washington War Department,
and introduced in the Senate by Mr.
Wadsworth, chairman of the Senate
military affairs committee. Every
youth will be compelled to register
and the machinery used will be simi-
|lar to that used to enforco tho draft
during the war.
Hunter-
Henderson
Paints
Quality .'. Service
642-GranvilIe Street-642
A LUCKY BOY
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West tates the joy ride over Vancouver in an aeroplane at our expense.
Who will take the trip next week.
COMPARE YOUR NUMBER
The Jonah-Prat Co.
Clothiers and Furnishers
401 HASTINGS STREET WEST
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For your kitchen-Weffington Nut
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after you are long in your grave.
Someone else  commented  upon  the
reaetioaary character of   tho   convention.
"But." said a   young   delegate,
they're sitting on s volcano!"
"Volcano, hell!" interrupted Furuseth.   "They're sitting on a mud-
batb|"
On Friday morning, June 20, under a special order of business, IV
ritwth shambled out ou the floor
aad began to speak agninst the labor
charter. There was a sudden si-
lencfl; everyone, even Oompers, re-1
spected the mind of this lonely man.
Ho began by pointing out that
Gompers had striven for 40 years to
have it written into law that "labor
is not a commodity or article of
commerce." and that in the labor
charter it said "Labor is not mere
ly a commodity,"   .
"It's like," ho said, "someone
should want to say, 'Andy Furweth
is not a hcaI»,' and, instead, he had
said, 'Andy Furuseth iB not merely
• scab.' "
The American delegates had
tried to havo written in the labor
charter a provision against human
slavery, and another providing that
sailors who left their ships in a safe
port could not be arreltcd and
brought back; but the other commissioners, under thc leadership of
England,  had rejected both.    Eng-
ONE OF THE FINEST TONICS
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CHEAP PRODUCTION
Kveryooe knawi thftt cheap gooda oan onlr be procured
by unng cheap materials and employing oheap labor.
CASCADEBEER
ia prodaeed from the highest grade materiala procurable
—Oaaeade u a UNION produ-ae tem start to tinish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
j land was setting up at this moment
1 s slave state, Hedjaz, on the Gulf of
Persia. But even after the charter
had been approved and the American delegates had gone home, the
diplomats who remained had altered
and ' considerably weakened the
charter. Moreover, tho charter set up
a superlegislature, composed of
three delegates from each country-
one from lnbor, the seeoiKl from the
employers ninl the th'r.t appointed
by tbe government—wh'eh had the
power to interfere in I lie internal
labor affairs of each country nnd to
alter the privato lifo of every workingman.
Gompers, in reply, quoted u cablegram from President Wilson, which
admitted that the labor provisions
bad been "somewhat weakened"—
although he did not say how. Gompers then launched -into a bitter per
siwiil attack on Furuseth, whom he
accused of protesting to President
Wilson about the provisions behind
tho backs of the Americnn -delegates,
llo ended with a patriotic outburst
and an eulogy of the president, which
was received with a tremendous
ovation—surely this convention is
tbe only assembly of human beings
on the Americnn continent who
would still cheer Woodrow Wilson!
And with an amendment to tho
effect that nothing in the League of
Nations should be const rued as affecting the sovereignty of Ireland,
the leaguo and the labor charter
were passed, without furthor discussion, by a vote of 29,000 to 430.
Baid Gompers, in the course of the
discussion: "It is- not a perfect
docament aud we do not pretend it
is perfect. I'll admit evon that lite
labor charier doos not even guarantee the rights which labor in the
Failed States lms won for ilself.
But it is not for ourselves, tho most
advanced labor movement in tlio
world, that we need this charter;
__, it is for the workers of the
backward countries ef Europe, into
tton's action upon another matter.
Severnl resolutions had boen introduced urgiug that all contracts with
'employers should terminate on May
1st, and thnt Labor Day should bo
changed from September 1st to May
'Dny, so as to demonstrate the
strength of labor on the same day
that the great labor movements of
the rest of the world celebrated. The
committee recommended non-concurrence with the resolution, on the
ground that each union must decide
for itself the best time to terminate
ils contracts.
The radicals pointed out that tihs
condition of affairs, in whicb one
un-on whieh ha-;l not terminated its
contract was forced to scab oh nnother which waH on strike for a new
contract—as had happened in Colorado in 1913—was a direct aid to
tho capitalists, and that the A. F.
of L. had always recommended that
uniona terminate their contracts ott
the same day,
John P. Frey, for the committee,
let tho eat out of the bag. "It is
coupled with a date which, regard
less how trade unionists may look
upon it, would be accepted' by a
greet many employers, as well as
worken, as being connected with the
flrst of May ns observed in Kurope.
, . . Tho adoption of the mea-
snre would be unwise,"
Then Gompers himself took the
floor. "It is not generally known,"
he said, "tbat May 1st as Labor
Day was suggested to the workers
of Europe by tho American trade
unionists in 1885. Since thun we in
the United States have firmly established our Labor Day on September
1st. It has quite a different character to Mny Day in Europe nnd
should not be confused with it. May
Day in Kurope is linked up wilh the
annual celebration of a politicul
party (the Socialists), with whieh
wc wish nothing to do, Besides, here
in America wc have made Labor Day
a holiday—even a legal holiday—
while in Europe the workers do not
dare celebrato May first aa a holiday, but must go to work as usual
on that day and only bold their celebration in the ovening or on Sunday.   ..."
Secretary Frey ended with the
sage remark: "It would be very
dangerous and unwise to celebrate
Labor Day at the time our contracts
with our employers terminate. At
such periods heads are hot and
evorybody is excited. For that reason it is better to have Labor Day
in September, at a time when very
few contracts terminate, and labor,
is not excited, but cool Ann* collected.
The calmness of lahor mokes its dem '
onstration more impressive. . , .'
And with this the proposition was
voted down.
On the question of the labor party,
tho executive council had advised
strongly against any separate workers' political organization. In view
I of tho strong sentiment in the ranks
of the great unions in favor of such
a party, howover, Matt Woll announced for the committeo on executive council's report that the A. F.
of I-., while stHl opposed) did not
think it proper to interfere in the internal uitairs of the affiliate-;! unions*.   .   .   ."
At the beginning of the convention Mrs. Benn Mooney had been
era tiled tha &***** *■** ■ddness the do!-
New York—The New Tot* Timee
pities the millionaire beeanaa of increased taxes, which the editor in-
j fen ia not pained on to the public.
"ProfteeM,"   says   the   Times,
should be called to accouat, bnt if
, the workers use the increases they
.have received ia unaccustomed and
«'«B iue war, unnecessary indulgences, thcir ease
Another bill has been introduced)" awakened*^  Everybody w feeling
dustry is evesy tea d, there ia clear
proof that the %ns_o «mmh on Ht-
1 ing mon lavishly as* tha rieh mh
frugally. The texts hnve compelled
th* rich to do this.
"In addition to the annate* tenn
thn lavish spending ef these ors*
, pnM beyond their experience lays I
supertax upon ths eost of Hring si
sreiybody.'
  u«,    im;   iiinnaca   Ol    ine
people ennnot bc trusted to govern
themselves   without    some    higher
agency to direct them "
''Thnt is true," he said.   ■   .   .
It will be objected to this account
that I havo left out two "progressive" steps taken by the convention:
One, the resolution violently denouncing judieial interpretation of
the law, and calling upon the workers to defy injunctions in labor disputes; the other, the decision to organize the steel workers, and to defy the authorities of the Pittsburgh
district who havo forb:(Hen Ihe
workers to hold  meetings.
There is a reason for these two
revolutionary" measures. The A.
F. of I*. is a tru-sf—the job-trim!—
aiming to monopolize a commodity
—labor. Its fight is not against capitalism as sueh, but against the free
competition of labor. The great employers, -in fighting the right of labor to organise (in th-e A. F. of L,,
mind you—for Gompers is as bitterly
opposed to any orgnnization of the
workers outside the A. V. of L, as,
ie is to the open shop), are attempt-'
ing to break down tlie A. F. of L, la* \
training for all 13-yesr-oId youths.
Thc war department bill provides
for an army with a war strength of
1,250,000 men. The activo force ef
this army would bc 520,000 regulars,
whilo the remainder would bo young
men who had taken the compulsory
training.
When n youth completes his three-
months' training, he "shall be classified for service in war in accordance with the regulations prescribed
by the president."
Helsingfors, Finland—Last year
the five principal co-operative soe'e-
ties in Finland sold $57,000,000
worth of products, and mnde $1,500,-
000 profits. The largest of these
movements, the Finnish Co-operatnvo
Wholesale Society, operates a number of manufacturing establishments, including coffee rousting
plants and fruit canneries. It imports direct from the manufacturer.
These soc!oties have a chain of
banks.
Andrews,  K.  C, and
ie Winnipeg committee
less—haa started a eam-
i u-uvi-uu. j paigu w i-ieet in all western cities
Tho   million nines  sre   doing  so municipal officials who will take or-
more thnu the workers.  In overy in-J dors from this central committee.
Patronise Federationist   advert is-
ers and tell them why rou do so,
10 Sab. Cards k
Qo«-L (tw ob, jeae'e Htowifilo. ta Tk.
" C. IMmllcMlil. will h. m.l}et I.
._,- atlreu I. C,n__. br »I1.M.
-Go-Ml Mrwhen ealetie tit Yeaaaavat
ellT) Otter te. *»*l»r. It-**.-** *■*>■»* MM.
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WHEEE YATVBR SPIAKS FROM WOW OlOWIfM __-*■»
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Vor Ratea and Inforaiatien septf tt
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Now More Than Ever
THERE IS NEED FOR A
DAILY LABOR PAPER
Local organizations and individual members of
organized labor can assist in giving Labor a
Daily Paper. The need of the moment is the
Finances to start it with.
WHAT ARE YOU DOING TOWARD IT? 1    '        ■■■■■■in—ai«--w__-____l
PAGE EIGHT
eleventh teab. h.. sj THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIBT    vancouveb, b. c
FRIDAT...
..August 15, IMS
Grocery
Specials
For Week Commencing Friday, August 15th
M-lb. bag B. C. Sugar 96c    I    Cream of Wheat, pkt Jle
Sua Maid Raisins, la ..16e Zl-l*   «"""' X %S7 if*
*■■.•■     .__■.„«_       .           White   Star  Currants,   10-oi.
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B. 0. Lamp Sugar, 2s 28c
B. C. Brown Sugar, 2 »a...20c
Jap Rice, 2 Its. for 31c
Bobin Hood Porridge Wheat,
.    2a _ 18c
Magic Baking Powder, 12s 24c
Iria Boiled Oata, 6s 37c
Fnisea, 2 lbs. for 29c
Happy Vale Pineapple 29c
Eagle Lobster, -lis 57c
Eagle Lobster, V4» ....29c
Lfcby's Tomato Soup, tin.lie
Beyal City Pumpkin, tin..,.12c
Cettage Peanut Butter. 25c
Quaker Apricots, heavy
Syrup .— 38c
Niagara Falls Cherries, heavy
syrup -33c
Kootenay White Cherries,
for 18Vse
Bed Star Peaches..: Me
Libby's Apple Butter, 23o
and  * 37c
Our Regular Values:
Clark's Soups, assorted. lie
St. Charles Cream _ 13'/ac
Pacific Cream 11 Vie
Maple Leaf Cream W/_z
Buttercup Cream lie
Arrow brand Sweet Corn 21 Vic
Holbrook's Vinegar  29c
Magic Washing Tablet 15c
Snap __ ' 17c
Comfort (Old Country Blue),
3 blocks....'.  6c
Boyal Crown Cleanser 6c
Celluloid Starch 12c
Cow Brand Soda, 4c and..7*/2c
Quaker Corn Flakes lie
Dominion Corn Flakes ....HVsC
Post Toastios ll'/ic
Grape Nuts  13c
Gold Seal Coffee 60c
Nabob or Malkin's Best
Coffoo 58c
Holbrook's   Ground Kite....14c
All our Groceries are guaranteed.   You serve
yourself, carry your own goods, and have the
full benefit of the savings thus made.
GET   IT   AT  WOODWARD'S
Factory Workers Organizing
Ib view of the fact that factory
amen are attempting to have the
minimum wago for factory workers
reconsidered, workers employed in
factories feel called upon to organise to offset thia move, and with this
aad ia view a General Workers'
Oai.n has been organized in Van-
-waver. The neit meeting will take
ataee in Boom 306 Labor Temple on
Monday evening. All factory worken an invited to attend.
Where ia your union button!
Meat Cutters and Butchers
Tho rogular meeting of thc Butchers k Meat Cutters will be held on
T....ucsday, Aug. 10. International
officers mny be present at this meet
ing, so it is up to every member to
attend and hear what they have got
to say., Don't let George do it all.
Longshoremen Oppose O, B. U.
By a mnjority of over 300 tho International Longshoremen's Association of Vancouver voted to retain
ita affiliation with the A. F. of L.
A FEW MORE DAYS
AND I WILL BE IN MY NEW STORE
ALL the odd lines and sizes are being cleared
out   Shoes are advancing in price.   It is
your opportunity to buy at a great saving.
Ilram   offering   Men's   Fine
to (10.00,
at .  ,.
Begular *9.00,   *
at	
$7.45
$6.95
Everyday      Boots.      Regular
W- : $6.25
Working Boots Boots.    Regular *ti.50.
for 	
$4.95
Bring your repairs. All work guaranteed, and
the material is the best.
P. PARIS
BOOT AND SHOE MANUFACTURER
64 HASTINGS STREET WEST
ORE DOOB WEST OF COLUMBIA THEATRE
The New Fall Styles
M Men's Suits
—We ievite yonr inspection of onr now linea—
recently received from one of tbe beet Eastern
factories made np from the designs which will
prevail this Fall.
Ihe lines we ahow eome in all fabrics—arc material tbat
Jl thortragtrtj- serviceable—are well made throughout—
that wiH give you thorough satisfaction
$30 to $50
Ween looking at these Salts ask us about Oredit Terms—We an
"% a Beest-on ea soke yoa an anusaaUy attractive offer.
C___JUMOE BA1GAIWS IN LADIES' SUITS AND
jOOtaa offend ea SaatU flask Payment and Balance at K fat
B. C. OUTFITTING CO.
Hi HASTINGS STREET WEST
Hear Homer
*-T~~
Great Conspiracy
Uncovered in Trial
# 	
(Continued from page 1)
dying witk consumption in Winnipeg and he bad to go twice to the
■creamery himself to get milk for
her! Evidence! We have piicn of
it. Boon wc will have to got stoolt
to sit upon if wc want to observe
the effects of these recituls upon hie
worship,
Objections to evidence! We used to
hear lota of them, but senior counsel
for the defence has subsided and
given it up. Is this not a charge
of conbpirncy against,constituted authority! Then the ruling of the
court is that uny matter that can be
in any way connected with any of
the defendants may be used as evidence against all of thom! All who
took part in the Calgary eonvention
and all the strike committee arc in
the conspiracy! If John Doc is a
member of thc Socialist Party of
Canada and has said that Lenin
looks good to him, then Aid. Heaps
of Winnipeg is guilty until ho proves
his innocence.
It all Bounds strange after perusing the "Rules of Evidence," but
this is not an ordinary matter!
And then there is the command-*!
of thc "Soviet military forces"—
Bray. Ho sat in bis short sleeves
until the Royal Northwest Mounted
Police reminded him of hii position
in society. Bray's bump of self-
approbation is visibly growing as he
listens to tho eviducc of thc number of troops erstwhile at his command, and the tumults and other
thingB he was responsible for. The
keen interest shown.by the military
authorities and tho Premier of
Manitoba in .Bray's parades would
form a story iu itself. There appears no doubt about which side the
returned men were on. Even the
Great War Veterans' Association
appears to have been turned Red.
Then there wcro the city police—
unanimous for striking—asked not
to strike by strike committee. Had
a grievance because police commissioners demanded they break with
central labor body and all walked
out except one lone constable.
It was evidently a general strike
and a general strike must evidently
take certain forms. The form this
ono took frightened the authorities.
And the authorities huve not gotten
over it yet!
A two-hour running fight between
Lefeaux of Vnncouver, who is here
ncting as assistant tn counsel for defence, and Sergt. Roanies of the
R.N.W.M.P. secret police, formed a
slight respite from the monotonous
recital of strike effects. Lefeaux
was bent upon getting Rcames to
mnke some definite statement of the
facts upon which Rcames based Ins
charges of sedition and seditious
conspiracy;     but     that     individual
ould admit no responsibility in tho
matter, placing tho onus of the
chnrge upon counsel for the crown
and tho latter did not accept I.e-
feaux's invitation to get into the
witness box. Beyond the evasive
reply that the pilo of "evidence"
was tho "evidence" of the insidious propaganda carried on by defendants and that Social-sin meant
"something for nothing" tho witness absolutely refused to commit
himself.
On date of writing Counsel Andrews for the Crown stnted that
they were about at thc end of tlieir
case.
Whisky Joints in
Cranbrook District
(Continued from page 1)
Paul Jones
Middii
es
for Women
Those wanting Middies
that are entirely different
will do well to view the
Paul Jones models just received. Quality materials,
perfeet fit and originality
of style are features that
careful buyers will readily recognize and appreciate.
—Model in all white drill,
with breast pocket and
yoke effect in front ia finished with colored emblem. Size 36 to 42—
$3.50
—Of white drill, with
sailor collar and yoke in
front, skirt is turned up,
buttoned and has two
pockets. Sizes 36 to 42—
$3.75
—Of white drill, with collar, pocket and cuffs in
rose, sea green, navy or
cardinal. Sizes 36 to 42—
$4.50
—Of drill, in khaki, rose,
navy or .cadet, made with
deep double-stitched yoke
back • and front and
trimmed with embroidered emblem and braid.
Sizes 36 to 42-$5.50
UMine
575 ORANVIUE
Phone Sey. 3540
John \V. Edward-* of the EH-elri-
cul Workors Union wns instantly
killed on Tuosday morning whon be
oiiinc into contact with Iwo livo
wires whilst repairing duning? dorio
to tho wires by n lire, lie wns oifl*
ployed by thc B. C. Electric. I He
leaves n wife nnd two rhildrtn.
There would hnve been amitlior fatality in connection wilh this jlro
had it not been for the jircinptncwi
of H. h. Donaldson of the B. C. En-
gincers nnd Mill Workers Union,
who rescued threo children from a
burning house nfter thc flio brigndc
had left, apjiarentlv thinking it had
put out a Arc nt 'the Dust Control
Compnny's plnnt on Front Street.
BOISMON
wages nnd enmp conditions, and tu
get tho men through the union. This,
several employers are doing. They
have also agreed to pioVdc blankets, but somo want to charge a dollar
a week for them—always some petty graft being tried. Six months at
a dollar a week would buy a damned
good pair of blankets for the boss to
charge a dollar a week for for the
next few years. The Capilano
Timber Company has agreed to furnish blankets and sheets within ihe
neit two weeks. Other camps tnlte
note and act accordingly.
Several employers huve come*
through wilh tho $5 a duy minimum';
Don't forgot thc springs and mat-
tresses, bath house, laundry conveniences and drying room. Every delegate has been furnished with a copy
of the camp conditions schedule.
Hurry np and report successori with
it on tho job, as all the employers
have been notified that action will,
if necessary, be taken "on Ihe Job"
to secure consideration.
OF O.B.U. GROWS
Meetings Are Well  Attended and New Members Are Joining Up
International nnd A. F. of I., organizers now in thc city of Vancouver, endeavoring to break the O.B.U.
movement, do not in nny way oo-
ter thc members of the* Shipyard
Unit No. 1 from going on with its
business. Thc secretary and organizer report much enthusiasm, and
real results by way of new mom*
bcrn, and delinquent members paying up. Their Tuesday night meetings arc well attended, und those
participating arc being enthused by
the receipt of funds which arc coining -in from sources other than by
dues, which to them means success,
no matter what powers ure applied
to break them. Tho old Knox Church
will soon bc known as thu O. B. U.
headquarters, because olher units
are applying for accommodation, A
reading room is provided, the latest
and most up-to-date literature on
band at all times for tho benefit of
all members of the working class, irrespective of whether he be 0. B. U.
or otherwise. The secretary or or-
ganixer is on thc job all the time,
ready to supply any 'information
asked for, and in nny other way assist the members of thc 0, B. V.
Regular office hours are from !i a.m.
to 6 p.m., Saturdays included.
The recent vote on the 0. B, V.
in Winnipeg trade union circles
was 8841 for separation from the
A. P. of L, nnd alliance with the
0. B, U, and 70G agaiust.
Jaaljtmt
(Urafl
Pure Wool
Guarantee
Clothes
for Men
Thos. Foster
& Co., Limited
514 Granville St.
Dr.   Curry  Deals  With
Past and Present Forms
of Society
In introducing the subject of
"Bolshevism on Trial" in his Sunday night talk at thc Columbia, Dr.
W. J. Curry contrasted the conservative theory of '' creation *' and fixedness of form, with the opposing
view in which humanity is seen as
slowly evolving from the brute to
the stature of tho full grown man—
tho real nan that is yot to bo. At
the present stage, he had learned
to command the forces of nature in
a way his ancestors never dreamed
of; he had now to learn how to use
them for thc good of humanity, and
not for -its -destruction.
Under the unchanging law of
change, soeial systems died just like
individuals. They were now at the
death-bed of capitalism—the last,
most insidious, and most infamous
form of slavery that had ever cursed
this earth. The workers had learned
the truth of things under the Iosb;
the masters were still ignorant of the
truth. They threatened the workers
with dire reprisals if they do red to
take the means of wealth production
out of thoir hands; but tho workors Baid, "Labor produces all wealth
und to labor it shall bolong." The
masters would destroy the present
civilization as. they had destroyed
the civilizations of thc past; but
the working class would yet have
the intelligence to save tho whole
world, the speaker believed. (Applause.)
Bolshevism, to thc parasite class,
was liko a coal-oil bath to the vermin on a dog's bnck—fhe limit of
"atrocity." That class was using
every effort to crush thc flame of
revolt—tho movement which would
make one cluss, one humanity, working together in pence ami happiness.
While, among tho workers, there
were still some who wore for more
wages in less time, there were others
like thc 0, B. U., who saw clearly
that thc capitalist system had go to
go. (Applause.) In consequence they
were hounded by the capitalist class,
and there was bound to bc years and
years of social upheaval and chaos.
Tho failure of a ridiculous misrepresentation of Bolshevism on thc
screen in a local theatre (laughter)
spoke well or the intelligence of thc
workingclass. "They know that the
working class is not a criminal class;
they do not stand for thc rape and
seduction of young women, etc."
(Applause.) Bolshevism had been
condemned by the master clnss all
through thc ages. It was simply So-
i-inlism trying to express itself in
action.
In earlier times, revolting slaves
hud been crucified in tens of thousands by thc rulers of Rome; ono
of the victims was the Nazarene—
"the greutcst leader of the Bolshevik movement, in thc 1st century."
(Applause.) Thc eaily Christians believed in the reign of democracy, and
were persecuted for that reason. So
again, at the timo of the Paris Commune, it was shown thnt there was
no sueh evil in the eyes of the ruling
cla.ss ns fnr ai the slaves to throw
tffe masters off their bocks.
This was merely natural law; the
masters were simply protecting their
lives. "You can't blame them—not
a bit. We love them so much that
we'd like to flre them off our bucks
and make real men of them." It
was only a difference of environment. They did not make that environment; thereforo they wero not
responsible. It wos simply Ihe case
of tho pine-hug whieh, through, opportunity, became a vampire. "If
wo allow that vampire class to get
bis grip and have his way, he's going to kill human life."
The omnipotence of environment
wus shown after thc earthquake at
'Princo, wh'ch led to a communist
settlement in tho park. In tho com
mon adversity, a wonderful trans
furination took piece, the rich sharing their clothes, etc., with Ihe beggars. It showed that man only needed a right environment, right conditions, to make the worki full of kindness, in uric, laughter, health, nnd
everything that makes lifo worth
llv'ng.
Bolshevism, as tried in Russia and
Hungary, whatever others might say
about it, had been, from the working-class point of view, a wonderful
success. The Allied capitalists knew
that if it were successful, it would
become world-wide; therefore they
must br'ng misery and famine to
thoso people, and then charge it up
to Bolshevism, They wero accordingly doing everything possible to
make it a failure.
Another roason for hatred of the
Bolshevists was thnt they hod ex
posed the secret treaties, showing
how tho different powers went into
ihe war for territory an-d gain, while
making their profession of high
ideals. 0\..-ig to Bolshevik propaganda, tho war had been shortened
by from six months to two years.
The workers of Russia, who thus
saved hundreds of thousands of lives
were now being fought by those nations whose young men they saved
from death. (Loud applause.)
As a third reason, Lonin and Trotsky had disputed the people's obligation to repay the French loan to
autocracy, which had helpod to keep
the dungeons of Siberia going and
such like. "I think they were perfectly justified in repudiating that
national debt."  (Applause,)
"A revolution is a change of
masters—when a subject class throws
down tho master class and takes up
the management.'' The working
class must take up the means of production and start producing for use.
"Learn to work, not as slaves under the Itsh, but as men who nre
capable of administring tho whole
thing."
B, 0. Loggers Aid Washington
The Lumber Workers' Industrial
Union of B. C. has contributed $600
to the striking timber workers of
Washington. The strike centres
around Beilingham and is the result
of the discharge of union men. The
industry in the mills is practically
at a standstill.
Milk Drivers and Dairy Employees
All readers will please note that
Stoves' Dairy is now on thc unfair
list, Tho local at its last meeting
decided to send its quota of delegates to tho A. F. of ]_. Trades and
Labor CouncU
—THE—
New York Outfitting Co.
Limited
ANNOUNCE A BIG
Organization Sale
Commencing Friday, Aug. 15, (or a Few Days
OWING to a dissolution of partnership, we have been forced to reconstruct the
business, and this fact is responsible for thc sale which will now be run
UNDER THE NEW MANAGEMENT
WHO   ABE   MA-UNO   THIS
EXTRA  SPECIAL OFFER TO     VANCOUVER CITIZENS
Here's the Offer—Get Ready to Buy
15 Only Dress Skirts
Silk Poplin in all eolots.   Beg. $12.50,   d> Q  jj/\
to be clcnrcd at VO.OU
21 Only Ladies' Coats
Assorted materials and various CIO   C A
styles. Beg. ♦20.   A big snap nt  *4>1_.DU
70 Only Ladies' Fall Coats
Mostly travellers' samples.    Beg.    ( 1 A CA
|30.   To clear for only. vlt/odU
Men's Suits
Only 50 to clear in
-Mtort-fd patterns.
Reg. -|25 for only—
20 Only Ladies' Suits
Assorted pattorns and styles.   Rogu-
"&TL™.-.. $22.50
20 Only Silk Suits
In various silks and styles.   Begu-
WMl™$25,o$40
24 Only Serge Dresses
Several styles and sbades.   d_OA
Regular $35, to clear. aJteTAf
40 Only Silk Dresses
A very choice selection.      &OA
Beg. *-10, clearing at *J>_V
16 Only Washable Suits
Those are n rare snap.    &Q CA
Beg. fl-MO, going for.. «J>0.«JU
20 Only Silk Sweaters
In sevoral shades.    Beg.      feOA
$39.50, to clear at $__U
$17.50
NOTE
These goods must be deared
regardless vf original cost
to make room for Fall
Goods and to facilitate to-
organltation. . . . New
accounts open-Ad with small
deposits, balanco at your
own convenience, A real
guarantie—
"Pay as Yoa Wear"
PRESS WELL ON EAST TEEMS AT THE
New York Outfitting
Company, Ltd.
143  HASTINOS  BTREET  WEST
Opposite Province Office
■Seymour 1361
Are Not Satisfied With
Vocational   Training
(Continued from page 1)
present short period of vocational
period, nnd
"Whereas, students have completed and aro completing such courses
each. month without benefiting by
tho advantage such equipment might
givo them, such equipment having
for some considerable timo been submitted in estimate with do results;
'Thereforo he it resolved, that
this massed meeting of students do
request the Dominion Government to
'(1) Frovido as soon as possiblo
sufficient teaching staff to prevont
inefficiency at a1 rate of pay not lesB
than foreman's wages.
V(2) ' Ensure that the shop equip
ment is suitable and practical and
complete and obtain with as little
delay as possible to bring such shops
up .to the samo standard of efficiency
as exists in such centres as Montreal,
Winnipeg and Calgary;
"(3) Afford all instructors any
reasonable equipment they may n>-
quire, snch as tools, boohs, Jtatiou-
-try, otc'.''
In the early months of 1918, the
B. 0. Federation of Labor took up
the matter of vocational training,
and formulated a scheme for thc proper training of roturned men, and
whieh provided for proper finanoial
considerations for tho men while undergoing their training. This scheme
was laid bofore the local officers who
have chargo of vocational training,
and at the time thoy seemed to consider that it would bo of great benefit if adopted, but as they had no
power to put it into operation locally, unless adopted generally by the
government, it was. dropped until
September last, when it was placed
before the Dominion Trades Congress, and was recommended for adopted by that body. Nothing, however, has been done in the way of
putting tho scheme nito effect.
The local vocational officers are
earnest, sincere men, who are
trying to do all that they have tho
po.vei to do for the returned men,
but they are hampered by regulations and government decrees. The
students at the vocational training
centre should secure copies of the
scheme drawn up by the seeretary of
thc E. C. Ftderatio nof Labor, aid
endeavor to have it, or some similar
scheme adopted. Trade schools will,
never turn out properly trained mi..,*)
They should ou taught under actual,
workshop conditions, and have teeh-J
nical training i'bo where neeeasnry.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Satisfied Shoe
Customers-and why
WE see that the shoe fits the foot—we satisfy the foot so that
there's no pinch—and plenty of room for comfort—we
carry nothing but the best lines of shoes—shoes that we
can stand behind—shoes that have good wearing reputation—and
made honestly—we can always say to our customer—if you're not
satisfied with your purchase—bring it back and get your money
back. Can you get the same square service at any other men's
shoe store?
We carry tremendous stocks—a fit—a width—a style to suit
you—will you let one of our shoemen fit you today?
An Example of
Good Value
A nian'i shoe, in brown and blaek, best
quality calf, —tk solid Goodyear welted
soles and rubbor heels; reecde toe style-
In brown,
per pair —»	
In black,
per pair  —...
$10
$9
Canadian Boy Shoes
A slurdy and well-made shoe for boys-**
exceptional quality—in black,
8 to 10i_
11 to li_ .
KM
W.00
1 to   S_   I4.S0
To   clear—the   balance   of   our   Wttte
Canvas Shoes at Special Prices.
33-^5-47-49, Hastings St. East.

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