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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 27, 1918

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TENTH YEAR.   No. 39
JJV.%N )
?1.60 PER YEAR
Strict Enforcement of Laws
Pertaining to Labor
Fernie Situation Is Dealt
with by the Officials
of Union
In March last, whon tho legislative
committeo of the B. C. Federation of
Labor waited upon the governmont
with the legislative proposals adopted
at tho annual convention in January,
tho committee wero asked to tako up
the proposals whon tho House was not
in session, as the government found it'
impossible to give tho proposals tho at-
tention that thoy merited during tho
timo that ho Houso was sitting. Thc,
recont disaster at Nanaimo and the!
situation ot Fornio having brought I
homo to thc executivo of the fedora-,
tion the necessity of again pressing for i
the strict enforcement of the laws pertaining to labor, it was decided by I
that body to take advantage of tho j
presence of tho prosidont and secretary-
treasurer of District 18, Unitod Mino I
Workera on tho Coast, and to mako al
joint deputation to the capital city tol
onco again lay boforo the government |
tho legislative needs of tho workors.
Hon. John Oliver, Premier, arranged,
to moot the delegation on Saturday
morning lust, thore being present tho
Premior, Hon. W. Sloan, Minister of
Minos; Hon. John Hart, Ministor of
Finnnco, and Hon. T. D. Pattullo, Minister of Lands, representing the governmont, and K, Winch, W. Head, W.
B. Trottor and Socrctary-Treasuror
Wells, representing tho B. 0. Federation of Lnbor, and T. Biggs, prosidont
of District 18, U. M. W. of A., and Ed.
Browno, secretary-treasurer of that
President Biggs laid thc situation
as obtained at Coal Crook beforo
the govornment nnd went into
actual detail as to why the minora
were on striko for the ono shift, pointing out that the mon had decided that
they would rather quit the district and
seek employment in other places than
they would risk their lives by returning to work under the double-shift system. He gavo tho conditions as. they
presented themselves to competent
miners, stating that the mines could
be worked to advantage on tho shingle
shift, and that export advico had stat-
- ed' that ho mines were only   safe if
F. McKenna, Local Man, is
the Presiding
Tho Joint Protective Board of the
Brothorhood of Bailway Carmen,
whose members aro now working on
tho C. P. B. throughout the Dominion,
aro now holding thoir bi-annual convention * in the oity undor the presidency of Bro. Frank McKenna, who is
a resident here.
Owing mainly to tho recent- wage
awards ordered by Director-General
McAdoo for all railway workers1 in the
Unitod States, and which tho Canadian
Govornment War Board consider should
apply to employees in Canada, the convention finds it is confronted by a far
I larger volumo of business than usual.
UU     tlllll     UU     lllllll'n     WU1M    U1UV       ail.ni    u 1        Jf .    ,,      , ,. , ,
t-wo»h«d-on-tho single-shift bun. AWSi^ bf»
tt.oiLv-.uhaTtoA t!.«* « or,*n,,n*>a -inw snmo I -t»"uc in tne classification and earning
Well Attended Meeting Votes-Honey
to the Striking Laundry
At the regular meeting of the A. S.
of the U. B, Carpentors held on Tuosday evening, a considerable amount of
businoss was transacted. The hall was
packed, and if things continue to go
as well as thoy havo dono for the last
whilo, larger quartors will have to be
sccurod. It was decided to make a
further grant to the striking Laundry
workera aftor President Winch of the
central body had addressed tho meeting. President Winch in his appeal
pointod out that it wbb necessary for
"J"j  trkers to Btand togothor in times
h jss, and urged a greater interost
<_ . part of labor to tho larger
r* in connection with the labor
■p mt, pointing out that even at
£ io tho employing class was or-
ga £ to enable it to offset tho ac-
tiv 5 of labor. His remarks wero
wel W ivod by tho members and action        )ovo was takon.
M ^ latters of routino business
woro £ with, and under roports of
dolog -p he quostion of policy of the
B. C. * itionist was discussed. Somo
of tho members took tho stand that
tho papor was brighter and better than
ever, and that a greator variety of
news was in its pages. A motion endorsing tho policy of the papor was
earriod with ono dissonting voice.
Fourteen now members woro admitted. Business Agent Barratt roported that tho building trado was very
poor, and that a numbor of men wcro
idle, and that they would not find any
relief until moro work was commenced
in the shipyards.
also statod that, a coroner's jury somo
timo ago had recomemndod that the
mines should only be worked tho one
shift, and that the miners woro pre
pared to keep up the uptput if tho
change was mnde. Mr. Browne nlso
took the stand that the output would not
bo impaired, and that it was necessary
if tho lives of tho miners wcro to bo
protected that tho shingle shift must be
instituted, stating that tho mines in
tho Crow's Nest Pass wero acknowledged to bo thc most dangerous mines
in the world.
After considerable discussion tho
delegation suggested that tho mon return to work on the ono shift ponding
tho decision of the commission proposed by tho Ministor of Mines. This
Mr. Sloan, on tho suggestion of tho
Promier, agreed to submit to tho man
agement of tho mines.
Tho delegation then took up thc
question of tho enforcement of tho
laws pertaining to labor, aud with
special reference to Coal Minos Bogu
lation Ants. Tho suggestion was also,
made that all acts such as thc Factory I
Act, tho Boiler Inspection Act and,
othor nets pertaining to tho safety of
workers bo placed under tho Workmen's Compensation Commission's jurisdiction, as this body is in possession
of mojjp information as to tho cause of
accidents, and the necessary precautions to prevent thom than nny other
body in tho province, and ns this body
has to adininistor the act. which provides compensation it must be tho most
fitted body to denl with tho laws that
are framed to prevent accidents.
The question of electoral reforms
was also taken up, proportional representation being tho chief suggestion,
and it was suggested that as a step towards the institution of this mothod
of th'i election of tho provincial ropro*
sciiintive* that he next elections in
; Vancouver and Victoria be conduct od
on this plan. Other reforms advocated
ivero Hie elimination of the present
householders' tax in municipalities before householders are grantod tho
franchise in municipal affairs. The
abolition of tho present property qualifications was also urged.
Dealing with educational matters,
the government was urged to issue free
nil M'hoo] supplies to the childron attending the public schools of the province.
State sioktiosft and unemployment insurance with free medical and hospital
treatment was urged, ns wcro mothers'
pensions. The restriction of child lnbor
'l in uny form undor the oge of sixteen
wns impressed on the government as
being a necessity for the welfare of
the children .of the province.
Remed'nl legislation with tho object
of opening up all closed or company
towns wns '.:rtfed, the attention of the
government being culled to the frequent complaints ngninst tho continued
niihoyannb and injustices which are
pujforort l-v the workers who reside in
these places. The Hon. T. D. Pattullo
pointed out the difficulties with whieh
tho government, was faced, and suggested to tho delegation that the Foil-
on.-"ion mciko somo concrete proposal
tlmt would solvo the difficulty, and that
while the government was anxious to
do .nil possiblo to eliminate thc evils
complained of the mntter was one of
considerable difficulty, and tho government would welcome some suggestion
that would nssist in solving thc trouble.
Other matters such ns tho amendments to the Boiler Inspection Act, and
for tho proper instruction of al) thoso
working in connection with tho operation of stroot nnd cloctric railways
which were proscnted to tho govern
powers collectively, the   result
in the main satisfactory.
Needless to say, thc changes indicated involves an adjustment of many
old conditions and ideas to tho new
ones, but the convention is settling
down to the work with praiseworthy
industry, though it is doubtful if its
work can be completed within tho
present week. Many of tho delegates
are visiting Vancouver for the flrst
time, and in tho limited timo at thoir
disposal so far havo had but scant opportunity of getting acquainted with
tho many attractions of tho city and
its beautiful surroundings, though they
hopo to have this pleasure aftor thoir
work is completed.
On tho opening day the convention
was honored by a visit from Mayor
Galo, who in a breezy address welcomed tho delegates very heartily to
Vancouver, und dwelt upon the need
for capital and labor pulling together
in a friendly spirit in viow of tho difficulties arising out of the problem of
reconstruction which would bo necessary after tho war is over.
Returned Soldiers and Representation at the       j
Council i
At tho last 'mooting of tho Victoria
Trades and Labor Council, at which
President Dooley presided, a communication from tha Steam Engineers was
read to tho effect that this organization
had withdrawn President Dooloy as a
delogate. It was docidod to ask the
Steam Engineers to reconsider their decision, in deference to tho wishes of
tho council.
President Dooley has boon consistent
in his opposition to tho council taking
part in any demonstration in connection with tho shipbuilding industry revival, and haB never failed to oppose
tho bonus or co-operative system which
has been under discussion in tho Capital City, and the Steam Engineers evidently do not think that by doing this
ho was acting in the best interests of
Labor, how they arrive at that viewpoint, it is hard to understand.
A jurisdiction dispute between tho
Steam Engineers nnd tho Browery
Workors was referred back to .the
Brewery Workors local. It was stated
that ono man had beon working 16
hours por day, while the hours for
Steam Enginoora aro eight hours per
day. Tho Phoenix Brewery was declared unfair to organized labor.
The question of giving the returned
soldiers organizations representation on
tho council was discussed, and referred
back to tho committee for further report, tho suggestion being mado that
representation bo given, thoso representing tho returned mon to hold a union
card boforo boing seated.
Tho resolution on tho six-hour day
from Local 017 U. B. Carpenters of
Vancouvor wos read, and a committee
appointed to consider samo and to bring
i* report at tho next moeting of thc
It was dceidod to tako up a collection in the interests of tho Naylor-Ait-
ken Defence Fund, and thc council is
to uso every effort to seo that/financial
assistance is rendered. The council appointed a committeo to arrange for
monthly dances for tho purpose of
bringing the members of the different
organizations closer together. The enforcement, or tho lack of enforcement
of the fair wage schoduloa on government work, camo in for considerable
criticism, '
A delegate raised tho point of the!
amount of por capita tax which ia sent
to tho United States from local unions,
and pointod out that the exchange rates
now in force caused a considerable loss
to the organizations, and suggested
that somo central offico be established
'■ in Canada to take care of the Canadian
J per capita tflK.   ■   '■■■ *  ■ ■:*-■ ~
Tho council decided to interview
Gordons, Limited, with a viow of getting this firm to uso the card of tho
Retail Clorks.
Elected a« Wciitern Vice-President of Trades
Bnd Labor Cong™.* of*Canada at Queblo
-   Shipyard Laborers
At tho last meeting of tho Shipyard
Laborers tho sum of $100 was voted to
the striking Laundry Workers.
ment in March last wcro also brought
to tho attention of the government.
The interview lasted from 11 in the
morning until 1:45 p.m., and tho various matters wero den It with at length,
tho delegation retiring with assurances
from the government that they would
deal with.the different matters as they
found that they wero nblo to do so,
pointing out that they wero hnndl
capped by the difficulty in getting tho
money to carry on thc present work of
the government without instituting any
now legislation thnt would entail more
SUNDAY, .Sept. 20-
SUNDAY, SEPT. 2D. — Typographical Union, Postal Employees, 10:30 a.m.j Tenmsters
and Chauffeurs, 2 p.m.
MONDAY, Sept. 30—Bollormnk-
ers, Steam Engineers, Electrical Workers,
TUESDAY, Oof. 1 — Brewery
Workers, Shoo Workers, Railway Firemen, Butchers and
Meat Cutters, Cigarmakers.
WEDNESDAY, Oet. 2 — City
Hall Employees, Tile Layers,
Plasterers, Metal Trndes Council, Hotel and Restaurant Employees, 2:30 p.m.; Boilermakers' Examining Board, Laundry Workors.
THURSDAY, Get. .1—Trades ond
Labor Council, Garment Work-
'ers, Machinists. Ladies' Auxiliary.
FRIDAY, Oct. -1—Railway Carmen, Pile Drivers and Wooden
Bridgemen, Boilermakers Executive, Civic Employees,
Moulders, Warehousemen, Min-
' imum Wage League.
Machinists    No.    777,    Blacksmiths.
Money for Defense Is Subscribed on the Floor      |
of Convention j
Word has been received from Dnvc;
Rocs thnt the Trades and Labor Con- j
gross of Canada at tho convention at;
Quebec passed a resolution condemning *
tho treament meted out to Joe Naylor,
and David Aitkon. From this it is
evident that Congress did not think!
that theso men should havo been arrested on tho charge of aiding draft
evaders, and takes the position that
the wholo thing is a trumped up affair. Wo understand that right there
and thon money was subscribed to tho
defonce fund inaugurated on behalf of
Naylor and Aitken. Many of tho men
present at the convention signified
that their organizations would support
the fund with donations as soon aB the
matter waa placed bofore them. It is
passing strange that out of all the resolutions passod at thc Congress this is
tho only ono that reference has not
been mado to in the press.
Local 617 V. B. Carpenters
Local 617 had a good meeting on
Monday last.. More now members were
initiated. Communications were read
from different parts pf tho country as
to chancer q£>wtaif$3(f Anpjo^ment in
thc carpenter trade. It was pointed out
that a number of members were idle,
and thut it would be useless for men
to eome horo at this time.
Electrical Workers
E. H, Morrison, business agent for
the Electrical Workers, is still iu thc
interior in the intorests of his organization. The employees of tho Kootenay
Power Company have not been ablo to
get tho differences with tho company settled, and it is expected that
they will apply for a conciliation hoard.
Threo new members woro admitted nt
tho last meeting. Tho sum of $150
was voted to the striking laundry
List of Subscriptions to the Laundry
Workers Strike Fund.
Steam Engineers, $275; Structural
Iron Workers, $55; A. S. Cnrpontera,
$40; U. B. Carpenters 617, $115; Railway Mail Clerks, $15; Machinists 720,
$35; Marino Firemen, $25; Bookbinders
$5; Warehousemen, $25; Retail Clerks,
$10; Oil Reflinory Workers, $25 j Stroet
Railway Employees, $300; Machinists
777, $220.65; Bakery Drivers, $35;
Bakers, $25; Teamsters and Chauffeurs,
$500; Longshoremon 38-52, $300; Longshoremen's Auxiliary, $100; Eloctrical
Workers, $150; Pilo Drivers, $125;
Freight Handlers, $25; Barbers, $46.35;
Civic Employoes, $50; Blncksmitha,
$75; Lathers, $8; Stationary Firemen,
$25; Machinists 182, $25; Cooks and
Waiters, $25; Shipyard Laborers, $100;
Pressmen, $25; Mill nnd Factory Workers, $25; Patternmakers, $15; Painters,
$50.   Total, $2831.00.
Information Wanted
Mr. A. E. Jolliffe, commissioner of
Immigration at Vancouver, in response
to au inquiry from England, is desirous
of getting in touch with Harry James
G. Wostoott, who camo to Canada Oct.
13, 1005, on S.S. Tunisian.
Westeott is described as about 32
years of age and employed iu printing
or lithographing work.
Information mny be sent to the Foderationist or direct to Mr. Joliffe.
Longshoremen Are Asking Pertinent
Questions on Employment of
Recent happenings on the waterfront
at thc Capital City havo caused considerable comment amongst longshore
workors. It appears that on Sept. 16,
thc S.S. Tees, belonging to tho B. C.
Salvage Company, left for Raee Rocks,
where a five-masted schoonor, the
"Rosamond," was ashore. But strange
to say, instead of the usual crow
recruited from the Longshoremen's
organizntioi»> she carried seven Chinamen on deck.
In tho past tho company in question
has always sent to tho Longshoremen
for their crews on salvage operations,
and when the Canada Maru was ashore
off Capo Flattery last month, the
Longshoremen,called for the scale as
for salvage work, which is laid down
in the scalo of wages adopted by the
Longshoremon and which has been in
effect for some time now, and as a
result, of this scalo being enforced the
company evidently prefer Chinamen,
who no doubt aro tho cheaper brand
of labor.
However, the Longshoremen aro not
satisfiod at this state of affairs. They
are under tho impression that the salvage cdmpany gets a subsidy from
the Dominion govornment to the extent of $10,000 a year. If this is so, is
the government going to stand for tho
employment of Asiatics, is tho question
thc Longshoremen aro asking, and
they would like to know if there is any
clause in the agreement with the company to the offoct that whito lobor
shall bo employed. Meantime the
chinks have done tho work, and the
longshoremon have stayed homo and
rested. A white country! A whito
B. C. indeed!
Lestor in Facetious Mood-
Scratches Beneath
the Surface
Employers Still Refuse to
Negotiate With
The Laundry Workers to the number of 290 are still on strike. The
laundries affected aro the Cascade,
Pioneer, Star, IXL, Canadian, Peerless
and Excelsior,
The employers still refuse to negotiate with the union, and are making
many statements that are not correct.
Ono story they are circulating is that
the girls demand $18 per weok. This
they claim they cannot pay. The,fact
of tho matter is that thoy do not intend, if they can help it, to recognize
tho union. The minimum wage asked
for girls is $12 per week.
The outstanding feature brougbt to
light in this strike is the number of
women and girls that i.re providing
for dependents. In many cases the
women engaged prior to the strike in
the laundries are women who are supporting widowed mothers and younger
brothers and Bisters or parents who are
too old to work and earn their own
living, and, last but not least, widows
of men who havo died "over there,"
who havo found thoir pensions insufficient to koop thoir childron and themselves, and have been compelled to
search for employment in order that
they might givo their children tho
necessities of life.
Thnt organized lobor is behind tho
laundry workers is proven by tho fact
that practically every union has contributed to the strike fund.
In order that tho public may understand thc demands of tho Loundry
Workers, wo publish the scales of
wages por wook asked for by the
union.   They aro as follows:
Drives not less than   $24.00
Hoart Washerman     27.00
Head flat washerman, not less than....    25.00
Assistant   washerman      23.00
Wringormen       23.00
Woman in charge of machine for light
work, not less than      14.50
Head marker utift sort it (mala), not
less  than      25.00
Head murker and sorter (female), not
less than     18,00
Assistant marker and sorter   (male)    20,00
Assltant markers and sorters     15.00
Checking, marking and sorting     15.00
Sorting  only      18.00
Wrapping only ...„     18.00
Head stnrcherB, not lews than .-,     16.00
Assitant   starohers        18.00
Polishers and bosom pross operators 15.00
Cuff and neckband machine operators 14,00
Body ironers  „*.     15.00. „„   ___^ -,,,,« *,.«■,«  -..-,»„ „„«  ►,««»»  u.v-. r  +-,       ,, __    -     .*■_
BIZ ^.TeeXle^leSS-inW    118? I ^ ™» *? *~ preftUytafi*l| S'Sfefl ££-_. %-_*_*__£
The Ladies Auxiliary Whist
Drive and Dance a
Huge Success
One of the largest crowds over assembled in the dance hall of the Labor
Temple, gathered at the Machinists La-
Mrs. Lorimer Presides Over
- Largest Meeting of the
Series at Rex
It was tho largest crowd that hu
yet gathered at a Labor Party meeting
which greeted tbo speakers on Sunday
evening last. Mrs, Lorimer was of
successful in tho chair as during her
impromptu address of the Sunday pre*
vious. The purpose of these meetings
sho stated -was to foster education
along economic and social lines. She
remarked that a prominent divine -of
Vancouver reeently stated tbat the
workers must be Christianized or there
would ho another Bussia; ahe would
like to recommend to the reverend gentleman a conscientious study of the
aims of labor at any time, and par*
ticularly of the manifesto of the Brit-
ish Labor Party, and perhaps he might
bo induced to recognize that if theu
aims could be materialized then the
world would be Christianized. The
workers, in spite of innumerable advisers and patronizers, had their d«B-
tiny in thoir own hands. Thoy must
produco a revolution in thought, and
this was ono of tho aims of the Federated Labor Party. As to the bloodshed
that bo many seemed to fear was in
prospect, this was not a necessary part
of tho revolution, but if it did occur
then tho blame must rest upon othen
in circles outside of fthe camp of the
workers who might be foolish enough
to oppose the inevitable. Today the
workers had enough of bloodshed and
it was an outstanding fact that it was
only the men and women of the working classes who woro stretching the
hands of brotherhood across the bleeding world.
Women in Revolution.
Charles Lester proved to be in one
m mm
In advising the FederationiBt to
jhnnge his address, Mr. M. E. Wright,
■tocrotnry-tronsuror of tho Pacific Dis-
trict of the I. L. A., with headquarters
in Seattle, states that, his paper is at
present going to a government ofliciul
in the samo building in which he is
located mid is so highly prized that lie
never gets it for two or throe dnys
after delivery, nnd on mnny occasions
not at all. Mr. Wright, while admitting that tho official may bo receiving
some good information, thinks thnt he
needs the paper at least for tho first
few days nnd asks for his address to
be changed.
Sleovers          18,00
Bleevers  (shirts only)     12.00
H'iad collar gtrl     18.00
Assistant   collar  girls    ,_    18,50
Collar Shaping Machine Girl  ,   12.50
Collar Press   „     12.00
Head collar robber  ,     18.50
Damper and collar mangle      12.00
Soft   collar   Ironers,   on percentage
basis n .-,  16 per eent.
•Hand- -Ji'oWerff'  : ■,.-..:. i...:..~ 16,00'
Hand ironers, wool and Jneper, 25 per
Hand ironors   40 por
Jumbo ironers, cotton*   16 per
Jumbo   ironers,   cottons   	
Shirt finishers  ........:.     15.00
HMrt finishers and folders";
Shirt folders
Flat  workers,   ironers   ~~ZZZ     12 sn
prying house hands           }S*?2
Head mangle girl,   fcedors and S
M-"5°"{°H"^ 12 50
Mang 0 folders and feeders   large 1800
ShS|ft.WM8 Rttd ""****> fl,nni> -•    1K0
smoking ^"<Kffi^;Mj^",r™z^: UU
Kr,affidrinK^^"::::::::::::" jKS
dies'Auxiliary whist drive and dance, |0/hr8"h"a~70"g"t* S'motU on Sunday
last Saturday evening, when all enioy- .        ~*; .*-. ... - ,i *. "_, _,,-•■■
ed tho good time that had boon pro- ;™»ng and   hold   the   big  audience
■   -   ™   • -•        r  il through his address.   He si
he was glad to have a woman as chairman—it was a sign of the times, We
had progressed so quickly that we
hardly realized how recent were the
atacks upon women who dared to assert
themselves in publie. They had been
told by the very people who wore now
  trying to glorify them that their place
enf HriMslwa^ia.the home,i!.doing, tho washing"
'—but .since the wnr woman hud had the
'trousers thrown ut her."   For long
■ars the  womnn  had   been    classed
Hotel and Bestaurant Employees
At tho regular meeting on Wednesday night this Union went on record as
endorsing thc request of the Laundry
Workers not to uso any linen washofl
in laundrys whero tho employees arc on
strike and has made a public statement
in the Duily Sun to that effect.
Thc locnl intends starting a campaign on unfnir houses and has appointed nit assistant to tho Business
.Reported at the meeting the wife of
a member of a local union is working
at Mclntyre's Cafe, which is on the
unfair list.  •
The local will hold their first dance on
Wednesday, Oct. 2, in the Auditorium
and continue theso dances every month
during the winter.
Unfair Houses — Mclntyre % McLeod's Pioneer ond Leonard's.
Prosidont McEdchorn, T. Eawkos and
.1. A. Moore have left to attond a meeting of the executive of ihe Pafilfio
Const District Council nl Oakland, Cal.
There is some suspicion that the Maey
award, which is expected to be made
publie this week-end, will recom mend
the institution of tne 48-llOUr week.
This nnd olher mutters will bo dealt
wilh at this mooting of the executive.
Fernle Situation.
Latest advices aro to the effect thnt
no settlement is in sight in the Fornie
mining situation, iinfl it may bo that,
(lie entire district will bo called out in
order to secure Ihe ono shift and the
safety of the miners.
Means   New   Westminster
Civic Employees
May Strike
Tho Now Westminster City Council
has decided hy one voto that it will
not consent to have the grievances of
its employees' settled by a board of
conciliation. This courso was decided
upon after the council had reached a
deadlock and the vote wus a tie, Mayor
Cray giving his easting ballot against
thc men.
It appears that thc city solicitor had
wired to Hon. Mr. Crothers, Ministor
of Labor, stating that tho city council collected the taxes, but did not constitute a public utility. Mr. Crothers
replied that he upheld the city council in its attitude, and that it did not
need to submit to a board of conciliation. The fact of tho matter is
that Mr. Crothers was not rightly informed as to the-situation, as thc city
council collects the tnxes and controls
the water and electric light services,
nnd consequently conies under tho head
of a public utility, uud is amenable
to the Lemieux Act,
The men refused the offer of $.'1.75
per day for laborers and stuck for
their demnnds for a ,fl..J<J rate.
\V. Yutes aotod us spokesman for the
men, aud evidently got Mnyor Gray
sore. It appears thui somo of the
uldernien objected to Yates speaking
on behalf of tho men, and when lie
did speuk he did not mince matters,
und said Hint the ruling nf the ministor
that the eity is not un employer under
tho act wns mere camouflage) it had
often heen tried before and whenever
the minister wns pressed he changed
his ruling. The employees, however,
would rather have the council consent
to a board than have to force the issue.
he deprecated nny Inlk of 11 strike nl
this stage.
Mayor Gray wus much unnoyod by
Yntes' remark, nnd Ihrentonod to debar him from again    addressing   tho
council.    He said  that  in  increasingI quested to   note  this,
the rate of $8,75 tho council had gono 1 expecting to subscril
the limit; the city eould not afford lo ' .Federationist.
do more. The men eould take thut or	
quit; Ihey must nol imagine they
could hold up the council, Tho city
is doing nothing thnt it cannot afford
to stop, and snve money, and if the
men wnnt lo strike, lei them go to tt.
Later oil, however, he mnde a sporting proposition. North Vancouver, lie
said, is tlio only municipality on the
lower muinland thnt pays $4 a dny.
When two olher municipalities adopted
the fl rate, Now Woslmlfistor would do
Ihe same,
On 'lie council reaching the above
decision, the men wired to Mr. Crothers to the following effect: That the
city, being in control of the wnter-
works and Ihe electric Ught( that this
constituted a public utility, and that
if thoy were compelled to Htrike the
onus would be on tho Minister of
with, flowers, the music excellent, and
the refreshments being homo-made, indicated that tho ladies of the machinists know how to provide for the inner
Very liberal prizes were given to the
winners of the whist tournament.   The
first ladies prize was' won by Mrs. W.
•Boomer, ^•Hrr'frftap^heing ■*"
fruit dish; thc second ladies prize was
won  by Mrs.    D.    Williams, h '
pretty cream and Biigar set,
ham,  tho
eing a I    '
;■■■ - "»*•» .-».*.    The tint J™
s prize was won bv J. Gra-1 "»»ong tho chnttoTs of tho mnn   "
prize  being u   nickel-plated\8hali "°f  covet thy  noiffhbor's
•mrtnttU   fnr   „   „M«1,    lir»w|, - I »<>r   his   ox   nor   his   „„«,"   „|ld   fl0
leather receptacle for a whisk brush; m,r '"," "V01" ll,s ',188' '""J _° °"J
the second, a gents' manicure set, wn.-1"""'"» ^ ^twoon he ox and the uss
won by Mr. Loafhcrdnle. Consolation {V oi(1 yr,]or mul placed ber. ioday,
prizes were presnted to Mrs. Burch, mid | ,10,11;t!ve''-, »*mmui. ,md -"Glided <wiy
Mr. H, Mole 	
Another pleasing feature of the evening was the presentation by the Indies
of a pretty baby's coat to Master Swan,
aged seven weeks, thc baby's mother,
Sister T. Swan, being a charMJr member
of the auxiliary.
Tho whist drives und dances are to
bo continued at intervals during the
winter. Thc date of the next one will
be announced shortly.
All members arc requested to take
notice that tho next regular meeting
will be held on Thursday, October 3, in
room 30(i, Labor Temple, at 8 p.m.
Vancouver Night Schools
Members of orgunized labor who arc
thinking of attending" tho Vancouver
night schools should register nt once,
as it is expected by Mr. Beech, director,
that nil classes will bo filled to full
capacity. Members can register tonight or Saturday and Monday, It is
expected that a fuller set of courses
will be provided next year. Mr. Beech
stated to the Federationist thnt he is
desirous of having all possible information as to courses that may be desired by any of thc organizations in
Metal Trades CouncU
The chief matter under discussion at
Ihe Metal Trades Council meoting on
Wednesday evening was tho interchange of curds; the mntter was referred to the executive, with instructions to take the question up with thc
Motal Trades Department of lho A. P.
of L. With regard to the new wages
adjustment, tho affiliated organizations nre awaiting tho Macy Board's
award. Jt wns decided to wire T.
Fawkes, requesting him to attond the
Metal Trudes District Council mooting
nt San Francisco.
As reported some time ago, the civil
servants nl Victoria tire becoming restless, and demnnds ure to be presented
lo the government in the near future,
demanding un increase in pay all round.
It is expected that thogo employers will
form some kind of nn orgnnizntion to
curry out the movement to cntch up to
the high cost of living.
Jewellery Workers
At Ihe lust moeting of the Jewellery
Workers, it was decided to put on nn
assessment of 25 cents per woek for
the striking Laundry Workers. The organization now claims that they have
DO per cent, of the workers in this
occupation organized. The regular
meetings will be held on the second
und fourth Fridays, in Room 205 Lnbor
Temple, in future. Members are re-
This local is
1 a body to the
Shipyard Laborors. Victoria
The Victoria Local of the Shipyard
Laborors, Rlggofs nnd Fasteners, is
still muking progress, over tt 'hundred
members being initiated at the last
meeting. A pleasing feature of tho organisation is the interest taken iu
Labor proWoms gonornlly. Work in the
city is beginning to pick up a little,
and it is hoped thnt in a short time
nil members will be working.
Canadian Brotherhood of Railway
At the last regulnr meeting held .12
applications for membership were received.
Convention on nt Port Arthur at
present, and our delegate is Peter
Flemming. who will ably represent this
Teamsters and
Local 655
September 29
At 2 p.m.
walk of lifo and wna meeting man in
industry on equul terms. Thore was
no telling, perhaps the Daughters of
the Empiro would be working in tho
canneries this winter.   (Laughter.)
Patronizing Parasites.
Ro volution was but the culmination
of an evolutionary process—a unt und
following of whut hud taken place before, and what wus now pending was
the birth of u new sociul order. His
subject wus, "The Deluded Multitude," nnd (irst pluce might be conceded to the conspiracy of the ruling
classes to keep the multitude in ignorance. This was the outstanding
fact today. This conspiracy was going the length of proposing to reconstruct socioty "for th-e bonefit of tho
workers." Was there any hope that
parasites would legislate for the bonefit of tho body they fed ufiouf They
had been willing to move from one placo
to another, "if they were scratched
vigorously enough," and their reforms
might mean tho choice of u place to
scratch, but one thing they would novo!
do voluntarily, and thut was to get off
the bucks of the workers. The most
the workers of the past had done wus
lo nttempt to classify the disturbance
by dubbing one section Liberal and the
other Tory, to whom they alternately
offered their bodies to be bitten.
Business "Partnerships."
People who talked glibly of "partnerships" were not sufficiently well
groitnuod in the nature of the troublo.
Thoro could ho no partnership betwoen
parasitic life und thui upon which it
oxiBtod. Cn nisi tic life took many
forms, but all were more ur Iosb related In the effects produced, und there
must bo (i complete throwing off of all
sueh forms of life if the body politic,
hud to be restored to u healthy condition. Ho was reminded of u story Of
tho jaguar which took a branch iu its
mouth when Its jmrnsitie lend wus
getting uilboaroblo, nnd then backed
slowly, tail hrst, into a stream, und
when the Ileus had transferred themselves to the branch, he opened hfs
moil til and let ihem ttoat away. This
was the only partnership possible with
those of (he humnn order,
ll. was ditliicult today for the speak-
v who dealt only with the truth, ns
this was till that was really censured--
nothing else wns interfered with. Behind many of thc schemes wliich wero
being given publicity wns the fear ihut
trade and commorco would be found in
the hnnds of other nations. Several
so-etillcd backward nations were competing ns never before with the western manufacturer, uud if prpflls wero
to be maintained on 11 pre-war basis
then industry was to bo speeded up oil
a more economical basis than hitherto
--in short, tho white worker might bo
faced with living conditions on a par
with the Chinese nm\ .lupunese producer if he wns to be willing to continue to produce for profit und not for
use. Was any business at this prico
worth saving?
Anarchy In High Places.
The  speaker claimed thai   in spi'fo
of superior opportunities lor education
(Continued on Page 8) PAGE TWO
If you want the best work
garments, just ask for
Overalls and Shirts
A LL good stores carcry these good garments,
" and can quickly get you the size and style
you want to wear.
rpWIN BUTES are made to stand the gaff.
* They outwear other and more expensive
* Scams are double-stitched, buttons arc riveted on, and
pockets nnd fly are faced with a tear-proof, rip-proof
band. You will always prefer TWIN BUTES when once
you try them.
'   VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Men's All Wool
Winter Underwear
At Special Prices
■TAKE advantage of this extraordinary sale while
*■ it lasts to supply your winter UNDERWEAR requirements at a great saving.
Stanfield, Watson, Penman, Turnbull and Wolsey.
Sale Prices, $1 to $10
"The Store That's Always Busy"
The Practical Shoe Man
Wood & Son
182 Hastings Street East
(Opposite Carnegie Library)
Reliable Union Shoes for the
whole family, at workers' prices;
Vancouver City Night Schools
Thirty courses—expert instructors.   Six months'
course from $3 to $7.50
Apply School Board Offices.   Seymour 4760
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Good Eats Cafe
AU That the Law Will Allow
We Deserve Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2'
110 Cordova St. West, or 622 Pender West
Maplo Leaf Peaches, tin.. 20c
Quality Pears, large size.. 25c
Fresh   Herring,   extra   largo
... 16c
Black's  Pork
and  Beans;   3
Clark 'b   Tomato   Soup,
... 36c
White Spring Salmon ...
Bed Spring Salmon	
Worcestershire   Sauce,
B. C. Chow Chow, bottle.
Fancy   Waffle   Tablo
.... «c
Laundry Soap—Samo quality as Royal Crown Soap.
'Special, 6 bars for 26c
B. C. Naptha, 6 for 26c
P. O. Whito Naptha, 2 for 16c
Fancy Creamery Butter —
Packed in sanitary tins.
Special, per tin 46c and 66c
123 Hastings Street East, Phone Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street, Phone Seymour 866
3260 Main Street, Phone Fairmont 1683
They Act As Employment
Agencies and Save
Loss of Time
Under capitalistic governments the
Queensland State Labor Bureau was
ni ;rcly an employment agency conducted much iu the samo way as tho private
employment agencies are conducted.
Recognizing tho serious public evils
arising out of unemployment, the labor
government of Queensland, shortly
uftor it came into office, reorganized
the bureau and substantially increased
Its functions. It aimed at making labor
more mobile, by establishing completo
uud intricate machinery for ascertaining the requirements of employers and
the conditions of tho labor markets
over the wholo of the stato; ascertaining with tne greatest possible accuracy
the numbor of men iu the various district requiring work, und classifying
them according to capabilities; keeping the duta relating to tho nbove
thoroughly up to date that at any time
the information was never more than
u week old; advancing fares, or portion of fures, to'men anxious to work
at distant occupations waiting for
them but which without money thoy
could not take up; placing applicants
in whatever suitable available work
nearest to their respective homes; and
providing tho managers of tho many
rapidly-increasing stato enterprises
with complete up-to-date information
as to the conditions of labor in .the
various districts, so that, as far as consistent with meoting other require-,
ments, the progress at loast of somo
of the undertakings may bo adjusted
in such a way as to have a steadying
and levelling effect on tho market.
It is uot too much to say that tho
bureau has developed rapidly in the
direction indicated. Tho statistics of
the number of poople placed in positions fully proves this. As#a result
unemployment has been lossened to a
marked extent, whilo tho mobility of
labor has beon increased. Undor the
old order men in one part of the state
would be idle while other parts would
be starving for men. Today all that
is done away with. There is established n network of oxchunges throughout the country and city districts of
the state, and a system of sending to
heudquarters every seven days a full
account of industrial conditions
throughout the state. Thus every seven
dnys the headquarters of the bureau in
the capital oity knows just how lnbor
is throughout the state. These statements give full particulars about each
applicant for work,'and what ihe work
is he requires. Tho same list shows
what work employers have to offer, together with all particulars as to wages,
etc. Thus nt tho ond of ovory week
the Labor Bureau of tho State Labor
Government can say with some degree
of certainty where thero is work to bo
had and whero men are out of work.
As a rosult of the good work that has
been dotic it is necessary to state that
sinco the Labor Govornment started
operations in this way—in October
11)15—up till thc end of June 1916, no
less thun 13,710 men had been found
work in tho state, a percentage of 51.4
per cent, of all mon asking for help
being thus placed in position. It may
he asked why all havo not been found
work; wily only half havo been placed
in jobs. The answer is easy to find.
Many men—probably half of thom—
register as soon ns they nro out of
work, but find jobs of their own within
a few days, and consequently do not
need thc assistance of tho bureau, although- they have registered.
Tho method by which applicants are
selected for work is by tho rotation
principlo, those registering first obtain
preference, and so on. This method
ensures a complote absence of politi
cal interference, and no fairer way of
choosing men could bo doviscd. All are
given equal opportunities; tho man
longest without work gets the first call,
and thc employer is fully protected,
inasmuch as ho is under no obligation
to continue employing an idle or incompetent worker. Of the 13,716 assisted with work, as shown abovo during 1015-6, 6,383 asked for and were
granted assistance in tho way of railway fares—tho greater part of which
monoy has since been refunded.
Among other functions discharged
by the government bureau is tho supervision of private labor exchanges and
tho safeguarding of thot industrial
awards and registered agreements of
wages and conditions. In cases where
u private employment agency is found
overcharging an applicant for a job,
the punishment is swift and sure, while
where employees are paid less than the
award wages tho bureau also makes the
employer of labor disgorgo tho rightful
wuge, besides prosecuting him'for tampering with the uwuids. During the
year 1915-6 no less than 431 prosecutions under this heading were carried
out with good results.
Montreal—Organizer A. Bastion of
Montreal; the well known representative of the International Brotherhood
of Electrical Workers, has been commissioned to aet as organizer of the
Ainorlcan Federation of Labor in the
province of Quebec. As he enn speak
both the English and French languuges
iluenlly, no better incumbent could
have been placed on the job, und it ean
lie safely asserted lhat it won't be
long before he will have somothing
under way.
Scheme Is to Be Launched
on October 1st of
This Year
State Federation Executives
Asked to Endorse
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Special Representative in Australia)
October 14 noxt hns 'been fixed as
tho date for launching the Ono Big
Union schemo in Australia. For ovor a
week tho most inoiueiituous trado union
I'ongress has been sitting in Sydnoy,
Australia, drawing up tho preamblo,
constitution and mnchinery of tho One
Big Union scheme. It finished its de-
iberutions on August 12 last, appointing a committoe to enter upon a cam-
Higher Compensation
LANSING, Mich.—Higher rates 'under the state compensation law are probable as a result of public hearings
held by a commission appointed by the
governor. Maximum benefits are now
$10 a week, and minimum benefits $4.
Employers ucknowledge that these figures are too low, but have uot nccepted
the workers' suggestion that they bo
raised to $.18 and $8, The employers
wnnt to make it $12 nnd $6,
, Free Text Books
BIRMINGHAM, Ala. —Tho trado
union movement of this city has been
partiully successful in its long fight for
free school books. City authorities
huve instructed the board of oducntion
to furnish books und supplies up to and
including the fifth grade, The workers
will now use their inlluence to have the
order apply tu all grades that the cost
of education may be minimized.
Watch Makers Strike
NEW YORK—To securo a 44-hour
week, ami u $'10 minimum, watch makers afliliated fitli the International
Jewelry Workers Union suspended
puign of propaganda with tho object of
securing tho adhesion of all the unions
in Australia.
Tho scheme as adopted in Sydney,
Australia, will be forwarded to tho
other Australian Stato Labor, executives for ratification. Aftor that an in-
ter-Stato Congress will take placo, and
the complete scheme initiated.
Tho preamble of thc Ono Big Union
is us follows:
(1) We hold thnt there is a class
struggle in society, and that the struggle is caused by the capitalist class owning thc means of production, to which
the workers must have access in ordor
to live. The working class produce all
value. The greater tho share which
thc capitalist class appropriates, tho
less remains for the working class,
therefore the interests of tho two
classes arc in constant conflict.
(2) There can bo no peaco as long
as want and hunger are found among
millions of working people, and tho
fow who constitute the employing class
have all thc good things of life.
(3) Botwoen these two classes the'
struggle must continuo until capitalism
is abolished. Capitalism can only be
abolished by the workers unting in one
class-conscieus economic organization to
take and hold the means of production
by revolutionary industrial and political action, "Revolutionary uction"
means to securo a complote change,
namely, the abolition of capitalistic
class ownership—of tho means of production—whether privately or through
the state—and the establishment in its
place of social ownership by the whole
(4) Tho rapid accumulation of
wealth and concentration of the ownership of industries into fewer and fewer
hands made the trades unions unable to
cope with tho ever-growing power of
tho employing class, beeause craft-
unionism fosters conditions which allow
the employer to pit one sot of workers
against another sfet of workers in tho
same industry, thereby defeating each
in turn.
(5) Thoso conditions can be changed, and tho interests of the working
class advanced, only by an organizntion so constituted that all its membors
in nny ono industry or in all industries shall take- concerted action when
deemed necessary, thereby making an
injury to ono thc concern of all.
(6) We hold that as tho working
class creates and oporates the socially
operated machinery of production, it
should direct production and determine
working conditions."
It was resolved to send a copy of tho
preamble to all industrial executives
in the Commonwealth.
Congress then dealt with several matters that had been sent along to thc
gathering for consideration. Among
these were motions that thc Public
Health -Act ahould be amended to prohibit children under tho ngo of 14 years
from working in tho milk nnd dairy industry; and thnt cart-tanks nnd bulk-
cans be senled prior to leaving tho head
depot from whieh milk is forwarded to
other centres for distribution. The motion also called for tho amendment of
tho Early Closing Act, so that employees in the industry should havo not
less than two full days per month,
other than Sundays and public holidays
as regular monthly holidays.
Other motions wero for Congress to
go into tho question of co-operation, it
being felt that tho timo has arrived
when the trndes union movemont ahould
consider fully the question of co-operation and devise ways-^and means to
bring about a general extonsion of co-
opoartive enterprises on sound lines,
und in conformity with union principles. . Another proposal was that the
unions should subscribo to a fund to establish co-operative stores, and start a
Trades Union Bunk. A committee wns
appointed by the eongress to investigate and report,
It was unanimously docided that tho
name nf the One Big Union should be
"The Workers Industrial Union of
Austrnlin," nurl thnt its objects should
be lo bind together in one organization
nil the wuge earners in every industry
to nehicve the objective set forth in
the preamble. The orgnnization shall
consist ol' un unlimited number of wago
earners, (including thoso engaged as
union officials), grouped together in
such innnner ns hereinafter sot forth. It
was decided thnt tho union shauld bo
classified into departments, divisions,
subdivisions, seetions and mixed soc-
(ions. Each department will consist of
us many divisions ns mny be necessary
to meet industrial requirements. Subdivisions shall consist of those engaged
iu kindred or closely-nllicd occupations;
sections shall consist of persons following the snme occupation; mixed sections of persons engaged in vnrious industries or occupations in tho snmo locality, whero there are not sufficient to
form a division or subdivisions of any
one calling.
Tho supreme governing body shall bo
termed the Grnnd Council, to consist of
a president, general socrotary, and two
delegates from ench of the six departments, The presidont and secretary
will be elecfed by a vote of tho wholo
membership, and the dolegates by a
full vote of thoir own departments.
They will hold office for threo years,
subject to boing recalled under locnl
conditions. In ordor to secure the fullest mensure of local autonomy consist-,
eut wilh efficiency, there will be a nro-1
inciul council in each state capital in
...September 27, 1918
Grant $175 to the Striking
Laundry Workers and
Levy Assessment
At thc regular meeting of Local 620,
Steam and Operating Engineers, held
on Monday, sevoral matters of importance were dealt with, chief among
thom being a guarantoo of financial
support to the Laundry Workers until
they succeed in obtaining a wago
sufficient to provide themselves with
the bare necessities of life, which they
wero unable to do with the wages thoy
were getting provious to tho atriko.
President Winch of tho Trades and
Labor Council spoko briofly upon tho
necessity of tho workors hnnging together and at nil times giving thoir
support to any section that is for tho
time boing in tho toils. Tho Laundry
Workora, ho said, stood evory chanco
of winning, provided thoy could bo
supported financially. He rogrettod to
say that in tho past othor woak unions
had been forced to tho wall owing to
lack of finuncial support.   In conclu-
1, President Winch dwelt upon tho
necessity of solidifying tho ranks of
labor in ordor to bring about the solution of tho problems that aro bound
to arise after the war and of tho
necessity of obtaining the co-oporation
of thc. real roturned soldiers, who, ho
said, aro absolutely essential for the
solution of our mutual problems.
Upon this matter coming up for discussion tho whole of tho membership
foil over themsolves in an attempt to
make motions proposing financial support, and after a littlo discussion a
motion was finally passed to give tho
Laundry Workers the sum of one hundred and sovonty-fivo dollars
forthwith and to call for a voluntary
assessment of twenty-fivo cents per
member per week until tho striko is
won and the Laundry Workors succeed
in obtaining a living wago.
Several discussions took placo which
demonstrated tho weaknesses of tho
craft union nature of the labor movement. One of these discussions took
placo when a motion was proposed
seeking to instruct tho business agent
to draw up a circular lotter to bo sont
to all unions, asking them to make a
declaration of policy to bo pursued
in thc event of our membership being
compelled   to   striko   at   any time in
regarded where a portion of any ono
state might conveniently bo controlled
by and adjacent stato. Such council will
consist of a president, general secretary,
and ono member from oach of tho six
departments within tho states concerned. Thc provincial president and
secretary will be oleetod by full voto of
the state concerned, and tho executivo
members by the membors of such department conccrnod within tho stato.
They will hold office for two years, unless recalled according to the rules of
the union.
Thore will bc six departmental councils in each state, embracing all tho occupations, trades, callings, grouped
within their respective departments.
Each department will consist of a preaident and secretary elected by tho
whole membership of each department,
and not fewer than six or not moro
than oight executive membors ■—- an
equal numbor of whom shall bo elected
soparately by each division comprisod
within such department. They will
hold office for two years subject to tho
Thero will bo divisional councils .«
each stato of Australia, comprised of
one representative from each trade or
calling, grouped togethor within each
subdivision. Thc offlcors of such council will bo termed divisional president,
divisional secretary, and other officers
as may bo required, who will bo olected
annually by the members of the whole
division. Members of tho council will
bo elected by tho members of their respective callings. Each trado or calling may, constitute a trado section in
any locality, or members in any number
of callings may constitute such sections, which shall elect an executivo
committee, together with a chairman
and secrotary, or such other officers as
may bo required. Thoy shall not bo
oleetod for u longor period than 12
months, but shall bo eligible for re-
lection, and their servicos shall be honorary.
Local branches will bc established
whoro required, and will be governed
by a chairman, socretary and oxocutivo
committee, elected by the whole membership, subject to the jurisdiction of
tho provincial council.
Tho principal of the recall will bo applied to every grade of the union as ro-
gards any officer or paid official. Any
person charged will havo thc right of
appeal cither to the membership vote,
or to such convention or court of appeal. Office-bearers will pledge themselves to abide by tho rules andregula-
tions of thc union. Local autonomy
will bc exercised only on the following
conditions: No soction, mixed section,
division, department or council shall
tnke any action involving any portion
of the union without having first consulted the supreme governing body of
fhe union, und receive approval thereof. No section, division or department
or provincial council shall take nny action involving any members of tho
union without first consulting thoso affected or likely to bo affected, and receiving their assent nnd tho approval
of the next higher governing body of
the organization.
The membership contribution is to bo
$5 per annum, payablo in ndvnnco for
men; $2.50 per annum for women until
such time as they receive equal pay
for equal work with men; $2.50 per
annum for apprentices and youtltB under 18 years of age, and $1.25 for girls
undor 18. The power of levies will also
be included.
In order to launch tho scheme, unions
will be asked to contribute $2.50 por
100 members to form a fund for thc
immediate launching of tho scheme.
This fund will bo held by thc trustees
of the existing Labor councils until
such times as tbe onc big union is ready
to tako over tho monoy. Tho organizing committee will also make arrangements at once for the transference of
the Lnbor newspapers in Australin to
thc One Big Union in order to secure n
complete functioning of Labor news in
the intorests of the movoment.
Other congresses arc at the time of
writing sitting in Brisbane (Queensland), und Melbourne (Victoria), taking up the discussion for thoir respective stntes, Other state congresses will
he held ns soon as possible,
  .*._  ---   K T in ordor
Australia having genernl control over that the whole schemo cun be ratified
industry in their respective states, pro- prior to the date of launching next Oc-
viding that stute boundaries will bo dis-ltober.
order to enforce improved conditions.
It was shown that owing to the fact
of our membership being mainly employed in isolated positions, that while
they often came out in order to assist
other workers to improve their conditions, tho same support had not been
given to our members in some instances
in the past. This motion was lost, as
the general opinion was that "sufficient for the day is the evil thereof."
The fact of members of one union
having to be initiated in another union
and paying another initiation fee upon
"engaging upon wofik under the jurisdiction of another craft was also commented upon.
One of our members, an old miner
by the way, in commenting upon the
recent disaster at Nanaimo, suggested
tho formation of a committeo to draw
up legislation having for its object
the prevention of suoh accidents in the
futuro. This suggestion met with no
rosponso, as no doubt the majority of
our members saw the futility of filling
tho statute books with any moro junk,
especially whon they realize the class
naturo of the laws at present on the
statuto boks.
Ail members should govern themselves by tho following resolution
passed on Monday night:
"Resolved, that we, the members of
Local 620, Steam and Operating Engineers, donnto immediately tho sum of
ono huudred and seventy-five dollars
to tho Laundry Workers and make a
voluntary asscssmont of 25 cents per
mombor per weok until tho strike
Tho Federationist is read by over
30,000 people each week. This should
be an incentive for business men to use
the Federationist as an advertising medium.
Ring up Phone Seymour 2354 for
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite 301 Dominion Building
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
680 Gran-rtll. Strut
lie HMtlnn strut Wut
Printers to The FederatlonUt
Tk.   Pedoratloniat   U   produced   from
Ml   metem   newipaper   printing   plant.
You will not
be "soaked"
•I So many peoplo neglect
their eyes even when they
know they should have
them attended to—when
they know they should be
wearing glasses — beeause
they aro afraid they will
be overcharged—and because of the uncertainty of
the cost,
t_ I want any of you union
men who feel that you
may require glasses—you
or your wives—to come in
and let me examine your
eyes. Let me tell you what
la   wrong—if   anything*—
, what it will cost to give
you glasses that will make
seeing and living more
_ My optical service is the
most efficient and the most
reasonable on the coast.
Baymour IMS
OranviUe Optical Oo.
Below Drysdale's
Announcing Some
Worrall Dyed
Velveteens from Worrall's
have the stamp of superiority in their very being. As
costume material we know
of nothing so durable.
Their lustre is deeper, their
colors are sure of themselves
because Worrall's dye is permanent.
The pile is very deep. Even
the back is close and of the
extra durable twilled weaving.
A special display will be
held all this week. Navy,
black, nigger, Copenhagen,
green, amethyst; 27 inch.
Per yard, ?1.95
Saba Bros.
"Che Silk Specialists
"Duxbak" & "Camp-it"
Ideal garments for tho woman
engaged in outdoor occupations,
and lifo in tho opcu.
Por mon wc havo n range of
goods that answers ovory requirement of sportsmen and othors.
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
Sporting* Goods and Hardware
Nesr Homer
; Canada Food Board ■
;   Licence 8—1855   ;
It Pays Best
to pay cash and carry your groceries
home. My new system Is pleasing and
paying many. If you have not tried it,
do so. The saving of a Uttle on each
purchase amounts to many dollars ln a
Finest Quality Butter, lb    52c
Finest  Old Choose,  Canadian,
por lb    80c
Ecindccr and Euglo Condensed
Milk, per tin    20c
Economy Covers, dozen    46c
Fancy Prunes, 20-lb. box $1.30
Tomatoes, 20 lbs    76c
IjOcuI Apples, very nice, box $1.60
Fresh   Vegetables,   Pumpkins,
Squash and Citrons, lb      3c
Quart Jars,  dozon $1.35
Fresh and Cured Meats, all kinds,
at reasonable pricos.
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
-U Hitting! Itmt Wwt
Should be ln the home of
every man—      •
—Phone Fairmont MM—
S. T. Wallace's
118 Hastings St. W.
SEY. 1266
J. ParUamant ^H^^^^^
Pocket Billiard
(Bnuwl.k-Balke Ooliender Oo.)
—Hoadqnartete tor Union Mea—
Union-mad.   Totoaccoa,   Olfan   ttt
Only White Holp Employed
42 Hastings St. East
Phon. Sermour 7189
Third Floor, world BnUdlnc
VAM00UV8B, B. O.
—The only Union Shop in Vancouver—
omezAL run aaxtttm ool-
umbia nnasAinw or laboi
Winter is Tooth-
Trouble Time!
fl When the chill damp days really arrive here,
there will be a rush of toothache patients in my
offlce, and the waiting rooms of physicians will
be crowded with men and women suffering from
neuritis and rheumatism—the direct offspring of
defective teeth. To repair the teeth now—to put
the mouth in a state of wholesomeness and health
—is to ward off these painful complaints and
prepare for Winter comfort. It is difficult to do
dental wouk for patients with swollen gums and
painful jaws—difficult for me and them. The
way to avoid this unnecessary pain and to insure
sound dental work and sound health, is to mako
your dental appointments now—beforo toothache rush season begins.  *
_ Tako up tho phono and mnko your
appointment now for examination
and advice aa to your dental requirements.
Fine Dentistry
Announcing our appointment
as PENSLAR Agents
for Vancouver—
WE purpose in tbe future featuring these nationally known Remedies, sold under absolute guarantee. Vou are safe wben you buy Penslar preparations;
the formula is plainly printed on eacb label for your
protection. We want you to have a oopy of tbe Penslar Health Book, and get acquainted with these Remedies.
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
405 Hastings Street West   Phones Sey. 1965 and IMS
7 Hastings Street West Seymonr 3532
782 Oranvllle Street Seymour 7013
Oor. Oranvllle and Broadway        Bay. 2314 and 1714-0
412 Main Street Seymour 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 236 and 1733-0
Rain Coats and Overcoats
RAIN COATS—In paramata, rubberized tweed and gaberdine.
OVERCOATS—Snappy styles, in tweed, melton, beaver and
cheviot, including belters, ulsters, raglans and Chesterfield.
Working Shirts, Gloves, Overalls, etc., a great selection
Where the Best Shoes Come From
People who make this SHOE STORE
their Shoe Store will always be protected
from inferior shoes.
We know that price is an important consideration in buying Shoes, but after all
is it more important than quality?
This is tho storo for GOOD
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Specials for Saturday
Men's*Sox, worth 50c.  Saturday, 3 pairs for. $1.00
Men's Elastic Suspenders, worth 50c, for.   35c
Men's Elastic Suspenders, worth 75c, for.   50c
Men's W. G & R. Shirts, worth $2.00, for.    $1.50
Men's Working Pants, worth $4.00, for. $2.85
We .have now in stock a special range of English Wool Taffeta
Shirts, winter weight, bought eighteen months ago, &C £f%
and just now delivered.   Prico, each ty U.uU
Our fall stock of Stanfield's Underwear is now complete, and
wo arc soiling it at the samo prices as we would have to pay
for it if we were buying it today.
We arc now showing our Winter range of 64 Q A- tfOC
Men's Rubber-lined Raincoats ipiO IU $Zu
117 Hastings Street East
Speech of the Great Veteran
Socialist Before Sentence Was Passed
(Special to Foderationist—By J. Louis
CLEVELAND, Ohio.—Eugene Victor
Dobs, spokesman of American Socialism, was sentenced by Judgo Weston-
haver in fedoral court hore Saturday,
September 14, to ten years in prison
on each of tho threo counts of tho indictment of which ho was doclarcd
guilty by a jury hore. Tho threo prison
terms woro ordered served concurrently.   No flne was imposed.
Tho prison soloctod to roceivo Dobs
if all appeals to higher courts fail was
tho West Virginia State Penitentiary
at Moundsvillo, near whoro the striking
coal miners arrested during tho Cabin
and Paint Crook strikes wore confined.
It was explained that tho fedoral prison at Atlanta, G,, is so crowded that
the local federal authorities havo boen
ordered to send prisoners to tho Wost
Virginia prison.
Immediately following tho imposition
of sentence bail to tho extent of $10,-
000 was furnished to provido for Dobs'
liberty pending tho appeal of tho caso.
Judgo WcBtonhaver imposed the condition, however, that Debs must not
leavo tho jurisdiction of tho court except to go to his home at Terro Haute,
Ind. This will mean that all of Debs'
speaking dates will have to be cancelled.
Debs camo directly to tho court room
for sentence from Akron, whero ho had
boon visiting at tho Provey home.
Soymonr Stodman, chief counsol for
Debs, argued at length for a new trial.
Stodman attacked the prominenco thc
prosecuting attorney had given tho St.
Ljmis Socialist proclamation that Debs
had not been mentioned in his Canton
speech. Ho showed that the government attorneys had devoted most of
their timo to this document.
Stedman declared that no political
party would humiliato itsolf by repudiating a platform or statemont of
principles it had adopted. Instead, it
would mako now statements to moot
new needs. Tho plea for a now trial
was over-ruled, tho court declaring
that it could not see that any prejudicial error had been committed. The
court also went into detail in an effort
to uphold tho constitutionality of tho
anti-free speech legislation undor which
indictment^ againBt Dibs was returned.
Ho refused to entertain nny further
argument on the matter from Stedman,
Immediately tho request for a now
trial had been over-ruled, Court Clerk
Miller called out,, "Eugene V. DebB,
havo you anything to say why sentence
should not be passed?"
Debs theu arose quiotly nnd walked
up to tho bar of justice. Slowly and
with well chosen words ho began by
declaring that yoars ngo ho had recognized his kinship with tho meanest
of tho earth.
"Whilo thoro ia a lower class, I am
in ify" ho said. "Whilo thoro is a
soul in prison I am not free.
"If tho law undor which I have boen
convicted is a good law then there h-
no reason why sontonco should not be
passed upon me," continued Debs,
launching into nn attack on the cspion-
ngo act, declaring it to be a despotic
enactment, in flagrant conflict with
democratic principles and tho spirit of
freo institutions."
Dobs then administored a scathing
rebuko to the prosecuting attorney for
tho manner in which ho had beon banded with thc names of Roso Pastor
Stokes and Kate Richards O'Hare.
'His levity and wantonness wcro
absolutely inexcusable. I can think
with disrespect of no woman.    When
1 think of what was said hero I fool
liko taking off my hnt to every woman,
evon the sisters of the street, nnd
begging their pardon for being a
Dobs then pointed out that Socialist
principles cnlled for a changing of the
prosent social system by perfectly
peaceful nnd orderly menns.
Ho declared that fivo per cont. of
tho population wero in control of the
wenlth of the land, and then deviated
for n momont into thc first personal
reminiscences he had allowed himself
during tho trial. Ho Baid that as a
four teen-year-old boy ho had entered
tlio railroad shops, that at sixteen ho
began firing a freight engine, and that
he still remembered all tho hardships
and privations ho had undergone.
"From that time to now my heart
hns boen with the oppressed," ho said.
"I eould nave been in Congress long
ago* I prefer to go to prison. The
choice hns been made. I could not
have decided otherwise.
"I nm thinking this morning of tho
men in tho mills and the factories. I
am thinking this morning of tho women
who for a paltry wage arc compelled
to work out tlieir lives; of tho littlo
children who aro robbed of their childhood, forced by tho relentless grasp of
Mammon into the industrial prison. I
can soe them, dwarfed, diseased, their
little lives brokon, their hopes blasted,
because in the high noon of our twentieth century civilization money is
much more important than human'life.
Gold is god and rules the affairs of
men. The five por cent, that I bofore
referred to rule in our country. They
are our economic mnstern.
"I believe in common with all Socialists that this nntion ought to own
nnd control its industries. Instead of
boing tlio property of the few, tho industries should bc the common property
of all, democratically administered in
the interest of all."
Ho showed that John D. Rockefeller
had an income of #60,000,000 per year,
doing no useful work, while those who
spent their lives toiling received a
mere pittance.
"I havo no quarrel with John D.
Rockefeller personally," ho snid. "I
am simply opposing thc socinl order
utldor which thoso conditions prevail.
This ordor of things cannot nlwnys endure. I have registered my protest
against it. There aro multiplied hundreds of thousands of others who
realizo wc -must reorganize society.
We have an organized movement over
nil the face of the earth; 60,000,000
loyal, devoted adhoronts, of every race,
color, creed, sex, nil spreading the pro-
Orgainzation Is a Factor in
in Safeguarding Lives
of Workers
(By Walter Head)
Wo havo a Coal Mines Regulation
Act on the statute books but unless
tho workers in tho mines have an efficient organization, they cannot socure
tho enforcement 'ht the samo, and in
making this statement we have no desiro to reflect upon the Provincial
Minos Department, for no doubt this
department is doing its best with tho
machinery it has under itB command.
To show how an organization can do
something towards eliminating dangerous conditions, wo have only to givo
an instance of what happened at two
mines on Vancouver Island. Ono has
a live organization and tho company
is forced to tolerate it, tho other has
been struggling to form an organization for years. Man after man has
been sent down the piko for making
himself too prominent. Spies havo
bcon^ employed for the purpose of informing tho company of what was going on and all tho tricks dear to the
hearts of a labor-hating corporation
havo been played in ordor to crush
any attempt at organization. What do
wo find? At tho mino whero tho men,
through their organization, have somo
say as to tho conditions under which
thoy shall work, tho ropes and cages
are regularly inspected and tho fact of
such inspection is recorded in a book;
should the cage let go it will stop beforo it hitB the bottom. At ono time
the engineer let tho cage go too fast;
what happened? The safoty -dogs
oporated and tho cage stopped twenty
foot doiyn tho shaft. Tako tho conditions at the othor mine. Should a man
complain about unsafe conditions,
means aro takon for his removal. We
havo only to quoto tho instance of the
removal of a man, a few years ago,
from an unorganized mine. This man
was a firo boss who roported gnB; and
thc instanco of tho Vancouver Island
strike, which was/caused by the blacklisting of membors of the gas committoe. There are other instances too
numerous too mention. At this other
mino tho ropes and cages are inspected .
at least the fact of their inspection is
entored in a book; but what happens
whon tho cake lots go? It goes
straight to tho bottom without hindrance. The safety dogs did not work
or they would have prevented the cage
from obtaining the speed it did. The
guides would havo been ripped uhtil
tho cage would jamb, and instead of a
rescuo party being faced with the
mangled remains of sixteen useful
workers they would have all been alive
The foregoing facts should provo to
the workors at least, tho necessity of
forming their organizations and also
of the necessity of plncing members of
thoir own class in the legislature, for
whilo tho mombors of tho legislature
ut presont may bo absolutely honest,
thoy havo not tho first-hnnd knowledge
of working conditions to enable them
to pass mensurcs having for their object tho safeguarding of the lives of
tho workers. To illustrate this point
wo havo only briefly to refer to the
striko in Fernio and Michel. Thero
are miners thero that object to bumps,
and possibly a littlo explanation of
what a bump does will bc sufficient to
enlighten the uninitiated. One of these
bumps occurred at No. 2 mine at Coal
Creek on July 31st, 1908, at 8 o'clock
in tho morning, and before 9 o'clock
tho mino wns full of gas almost to thc
tunnel mouth. A large hoist in tho
mino was lifted by tho heaving floor
and burled in the rock that camo down,
the main entry wns blocked for a dis-
tnnco of nearly six hundrod yards, and
tho effects were felt all over tho countryside; four men were killed.
Theso bumps aro of frequent occurrence und the miners, iu order to
minimize the disastrous effects of these
bumps nnd also to prevent their too
frequent occurrence, decided to refuse
to work moro than one shift per dny,
nnd to allow the mines to cool off nnd
bleed the gas for the roinaining sixteen hours. In standing out for the
single-shift system they wore supported by expert testimony. We then find
that thc Department of Mines is not
empowered to enforco tho working of
the mines for more than a single shift.
They can compel the operators to stop
ono shift or nil shifts but cunnot compel them to stop two shifts. They have
forced them to make an interval of
four hours in between shifts, but ennnot force them to nuike an interval of
.sixteen hours between* shifts; in fact
thoy can do everything but force the
operator to do the very thing that the
miners of Fernie and Michel arc striking for, wliich all goes to prove thut
lawyers, doctors, dentists, renl estate
sharks, etc., don't know enough to
from laws to protect the workers,
"Q. E. D."
Tho Federationist is the best medium
of reaching the workers of the province, thereforo tho best medium of advertising.
[By Victor Hugo]
le are In Bussia. The Neva is
frozen. Heavy carriages roll upon its
surface. Thoy improvise a city. They
lay out stroets. Thoy build houses.
They buy. They sell. They dance.
They permit thomsolves anything. They
even light fires on tbis water become
There is winter, there is ice and they
shall lust forever. A gleam of pale and
wan spreads over the sky and one
would say tho sun is dead.
But no, thou art not dead, 0 Libortyl
At an hour when they hnve most profoundly forgotten thee, thou shalt
shoot bright and burning rays, thy
heat, thy life, on all this mass of ice
becomes hideous and dead.
Do you hear that dull thud, that
crackling, deep and dreadfud? 'Tis
tho Nova tearing loose. Tou said it
was grnnitc. See, it splits liko glass.
'Tis the breaking of the ice, I tell you.
'Tis tho water alive, joyous and terrible. Progress comomnces. 'Tis the
river wliich retakes its course, uproots,
mangles, strikes togeiuor, crushes and
drowns in its waves not only the empiro of upstart Czar Nicholas, but all
of the relics of anciont and modern
The trestle work floating away? It
is the throne. That other trestle? It
is tho scaffold. That old book, half
sunk) It is tho old code of capitalistic
laws nnd morals. That old rookery
just sinking? It is a tenement house
in whieh working people lived.
Sec these all passing by, nover more
to return; and for this immenso engulfing, for this suprome victory of life
over death, what has boen tho power
One of thy looks, O Sun!
One stroko of thy strong arm, O
pugunda of the new order.
"I havo been accused of being the
enemy of tho soldier. Thc soldier has
no moro sympathetic friend thnn I urn
I think of them, feel for them, sym
pathizo with them. I am struggling to
bring about a condition of affairs in
this country worthy of the great sacrifice."
After rendering u tribute to the personal attachment and devotion shown
by his lawyers, of which ho said he
was deeply appreciative, Debs said:
"Your honor, I ask no mercy. I
plead for no immunity. At the Just the
right must prevail. I have never more
clearly comprehended thun now the
struggle between insutiablo greed nnd
rising hosts of freedom. I uni conscious that a hotter day is coining.
The* people are awakening. In due
course of time they will come into
their own. He is truo to God who
truo to man."
While Debs was talking his lawyers
received a letter from u ninoteon-year-
old girl, prominent in tho work of thc
Young Peoplo 'fl Socialist League, offering to take Debs' place in prison, no
matter what tho sentence might be.
City. 11.00
)      $1.60 PER YEAR
"Nothing Succeeds Uke
is an old truism and probably we owe
some of our present big business to our
past success but, we believe, we deserve
our success. We have had the interest
of Mr. (and Mrs.) Workingman at
heart always; it hBs ever been our aim
to give that sterling quality that means
real value. Wc have never deluded the
workingman with (so-called) cheap
clothes but wc have never overcharged
him. .Fairness and squareness brought
us to our present position in the trade,
keeps us there and increases our business day by day.
Sny I We'd liko to remind you thst onr
Fall goods are on show, and that now is tho
timo to put your Fall suit on ordor.
Strictly Kan Tailored to Tour Individual Measurement
women's surra ?45 up | | men's crow vas up
128 Hastings Street East
Near Theatre Boyal  (Old Pantages)
*+•_ j-*-._+-,. _____ _+_.:
'Tis not enough to sit at home nnd sny:
"This thing is rotten!"
It is because by men like you
Thoir duty to the stato
Is oft neglected und forgotten,
That power is vested in a selfish few.
Do not presume to criticize or blame;
Your own indifferonce
Is still greater cause for shamo.
To my you have no timo
Is hollow subterfuge,
You know full well
That if you would, you could,*
But it's eusicr to shirk
And let others do tho work,
Whilo you complnin.
Grumbling alone
Will never win reforms,
Or right men's wrongs.
'Tis those who back their protests
With their deeds,
And with their efforts
Parallel their prnycrs,
Who give the nntion tho relief it needs.
Don't be n simple knocker!
Bo n man!
To every duty truo. '
Declare yourself!
Then tnke a .stand
With those who fight to freo the land
Prom the grnsp of the pirate crow
Who, but for your neglect, nnd mine,
Would  never have been allowed to clinjb
And seize the reins of power.
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try our Pea Ooal (or yonr underfeed furnace)        s
'   /___-____.Jlk il
macdonaldMarpole Co.
Published erflty Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federationist, limited
A. S. Wella Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7405
After 6 p.m.: Sey   7497K
Subscription: $1.60 per year;    In Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.25
"Unity of Labor:   tbe Hope of the World"
...September 27, 1018
MONDAY SAW Vancouver invaded by a representative of the
Canadian Manufacturers Association iu the porson of Sir John Willi-
sou. Now ,this estimable gontloman in
the president of tho
INCREASED Canadian industrial
PRODUCTIVITY Reconstruction Asso-
AND WORKERS, ci a t io n, whutever
that may mean. As
he wns announced in the press ns the
apostle of the gospel of peace and
goodwill, and redoubled or increuscd
production so far hs oapital and lubor
is concenied-~ii.lthough we never knew
beforo thnt capitnl ever produced anything—naturally the Federationist was
vory much interested in whnt, thu gentleman would huve to say, becnuse tlie
workers are, as yet, only interested in
production, and have not yet attempted
to solve the problem of distribution,
and we proceeded to the meeting at the
Avenuo Theatre. Mnyor Gale presided
at this meeting and his opening remarks lod us to believe that something
good was coming, but aftor it was all
over we came to tho conclusion that
for onco lie had mado a poor guess. *,
However, to proceed with the story.
Sir John said in opening that to those
that hud heard him at the luncheon
at the Hotel Vancouvor he offered his
sympathies, and from those who had
not, he would ask their patience and
consideration. Not being in need of
tho sympathy ns we wero not at the
luncheon, we exercised our patience
and gave the gentleman all the con
sideration that we had at our disposal,
and which his remarks warranted,
which wo are compelled to say was not
He stated, as un opener, that ho had
spent 36 years in political journalism,
and at once wo saw why be had been
choson as tho representative of tho
Manufacturers' Association. For anyone with tho experience that must havo
been gained in that time, in that particular vocation, must be eminently
fitted to do the very same thing in
these times of stress. Continuing, he
said "thut never sinco tho war began
had he suid a word against, or in criticism of the government, and thnt anyone who excites class of sectional
feeling at this time is an enemy of thu
eommon country, and a comforter of
tho countries against which we are
fighting. Well, he should know, and if
that is a fact, thon this country must
be full of that type of people, nnd tho
soldierB' dependents and many others
should be immediately suppressed. Wo
seem to remeitiln-r that a large number of people last Docembcr hnd a
wholo lot to say against thc government, and also mado certain predictions as to how the government would
act when returned to power; and in
many respects they have been correct,
and we have no doubt that tho criticism of the government will continue ns
long as the people thut Sir John represents are in the saddle.
the Canadian Manufacturers' Associa-
t ion, or whatever other organization
he does presume to ropresent, had no
more knowledge of the real troubles of
socioty, nnd how to handle them and
the u'fter-the-war problems, then it is
a sorry outlook for the people of this i
country if they leave the questions to
his type for a solution. True, he was
very anxious about tho profits; that is.
his businoss, for the class which he:
represents—there we go again, raising!
class -prejudices—livo on the profits
derived from the toil of the workers. \
abroad and is under direct American influence.
At Tho Hague ,it says, there exists a German deaefaist centre,
whose members seem to have free
access to the German legation,
where Foreign Secretary von Hint-
ze is not held in high esteem.
Among those defeatists ,it declares,
American elements apparently have
succeeded in establishing tho conviction that President Wilson's motives nre pure and .that he hus the
real welfare of thc German nntion
at heart.
The Lokal Anzeigcr voices its
suspicion, however, that thc American fighting mnn on the western
front gives a better clue to America 's intention toward Germany
than these political "bucksliders,"
whose activities nevertheless
"seem to have President Wilson's
Now we are a little dubious about
FRIDAY. September 27, 1918
On the Suppression of Free Speech
It might us well bo made plain at
this point that he workers nre not ttl
bit interested in producing things for!
export; nnd if they are it is time that!
thoty took u tumble and realized that
their problem is to provide for their
own wants right here ut home and not
to bother nbout the exports.   The fact
that there cnn never be any closer ro-      -
IntionsMp between Capital and Labor * the stories of German money being used
might as well be acknowledged also at '" Ihis country to influenco tho workers
this time. Wc never could see nny i"" their actions, as none of it has been
idoiltlty of interests between thc rob- found around Vancouver, and it mny
ber and Ihe robbed, und until the sys- ■ bo possible Ibnt thc foregoing is about,
tem by whieh the workers nre robbed as true ns tho stories that we have j
of the* product of their toil is nbol* hoard in this country ubout enemy in-
iflhed there cannot be pence, The ro-! fluonco ,nnd ngents. But should it hap-
turned soldier problem, or uny of the, pen to be true, we nre inclined to think
problems with which we ure to be that if Ihe governments of the United
faced, in fact uro faced with at this Stntes nnd Germany are renlly patriotic
time, cannot be solved until the prob* that thoy should uso their influences
lem of obtaining the Ihings necessary atid thoir toonoy to obtain bottor condi-
to sustain lite is solved by tho workers. 'ions for the workers of their respec-
I live countries. In tho meantime, tho
I policy of camouflage, which is vory cvi-
Groftter productivity, indeed. Havo dontly un outgrowth of wur conditions,
Ihe workers not been productive Ms not by any means confined to any
enough as it is. Have they not from #vim aountiy jtad the attempt to fool
time to time been thrown out of cm- ,ho work«ra °,f a11 J™*. *# ■«]* »T
plovment because of the very fact rf «mo os the abovorM bflfflg-mado. The
their having produced too much, ami; f»oncr the rul.ng powers of the respec;
(By Amos l'inchot)
FOREWORD: The Mowing article
wus first given as a speech at the Central Opera House, New York, Friday,
May 5th. Mr. Piuchdt is one of tho
best known American liberals and has
always been au ardent supporter of
President Wilson, but because of his
opposition to and exposure of tho pro*
fiteers and other millenary influences
not only during tlie war but for many
yours before, he is looked upon as a
"dangerous radical" by many old-lino
politicians. He is by no means a Socialist, but stands ready to co-operate
with nny and all forces struggling
ngainst the suppression of civil liberties during war time. Ho therefore
took part in the Second Lnbor, Socialist and Radical Conference, and his
speech below, with the "laughter and
npplr.ii.se" cut out, is taken from the
bulletin issued by that body.
1 want to reassure myself nnd you,
if I can, to some extent about; what is
going to happen by wny of reaction in
this eountry ngainst I lie attempt at
suppression of ideas and suppression of
expression. This is not the firsf timo
by any menus thai a wave of hysteria
hus gone over America and broken nnd
receded ngain. It seems to us sometimes-
*camo across in looking over tho history of tho United Statos whon there
wns what Mr. James Schulcr, tho historian, calls a wave of photo-phobia
and I lokod into the dictionary, of
courso, and I find that photo-phobia
meant dread or terror of light—afraid
of tho light. And I think this is what
our peoplo are afraid of now. Thoy
are afraid of the light—afraid of the
Tho second era of photo-phobia was,
of courso, in 1862, when Prosidont Lincoln, by the advice of Mr. Stanton, and
Mr. Steward, secrotary of state, began
to close down upon the libertios of the
American people. Thero was a great
deal of discontent with tho war. Tho
result was the repeal in tho spring of
the writ of Haboas corpus—that is the
spring of 1802.
And thon followed tho imprisonment
of some editors in the spring, which
aroused a great deal of Antagonism
und all kinds of newspapers friendly
and unfriendly were suppressed. Men
running for politicnl office wore jailed
and woro elected in Ohio and Now
York nnd New Jersey from jail.
Some   of  Lincoln's   friends  warned
him, of course, that he was making a
mistake;     umong    them    was    Karl
Schurz,   Well, he did mnko a mistake,
., - i ji   . i because ho unpopularizcd tho causo of
■,t Booms to nn*   anyhow, that       U]ii(m     ^ ^        slumn
wo aro living  tough  ho most ngitat- „,  tlon *„ tl„, f „   ( m%  b       „
od and port™ wus nnd tomb, times 11|10        t st ( N     Tork and Now
oi history.   1 dm, I know_wkoth*« that Jo^    Ponnsyivania ___ 0hio, Mnssn*
is truo or not, because 1 think thero|„i,,,„„v[„  mtJ-x *. m._......'    ..   *
Wouldn't You Prefer a
Guaranteed Gem?
There's a ploasure in buying a Birks' Diamond—it assures so well your future satisfaction in tho purchase.
No matter how much or littlo you pay/ for a Birks' Dia-
mond, you know its quality—you roalize tho prestige and
reputation of tho house from whence it comos.
From thc point of  VALUE   alone, you should boar
"Birks" in mind when considering a diamond.
OEO. E. TBOBET, M»n. Bir.
"Diamonds of the
Finest Orade"
Granville and Georgia Etta.
was a timo after tho French revolution
when the world was as much alarmed
tho markets if tho world havo'boe'n |' |»L ™u "l'™8, ™*™ that^ sorTof jandas^mnoh distraught and whenwo
overstocked.    True, Japan is advanc* j _£J^£j*}S_*..b.*i.Lthf,m.8x0lI0.B' *S
'ng commercially, and that this coun
try can be looked upon ns another
markot gone, but that is inevitable
under capitalism, which depends on
markets for the stolen products of the
slaves, and that as capitalism disposes
01 its commodities in any country that
has not developed commercially, so
does that disposition of commodities
in the form of wealth-producing
mnchinery in those countries mean the
commencement of the capitalistic mo-
thod of production, and ns a result tho;
very development of capitalism spells
its death by the elimination of markets
and tho inauguration of a new form of
society, in which it will not bc necessary to dispose of the commodities produced by a people to anothor people,
but that tho distribution of thc woalth
socially produced will bc socially owned
and consumed. This alone will solve
the problems that tho poople of this
and every other country will bo faced
with after tho war.
sooner they will realize that thc real
issue bofore tho workers of the respective countries will, and must bo settled
by the workers and no ono else.
♦ *        *
Referring to the taxation of profits,
he stated tbat "this had come to stay,
but wc must not tax them too much
or that would curtail production and
cause unemployment, and that adequate profits guarantee high productivity and full employment and prosperity. '' Now what do you know
about that? All you have to do is to
guurunteo adequate profits aud all will
be well, tho workors will all have jobs;
of course thoy will have to produce a
great deal, or tho employers will not
huve the profits, but what does that
matter as long as they have jobs? Arc
not jobs tho ultimate goal of the
dreams of the workers. Referring to
the great commercial fleet that is now
being built, ho stated that "we must
havo curgoes for this fleet." Natur
ally the workors will see the necessity
of producing ull thoy can after the war
is over, so thut the ships now building,
nud that muy be built nfter tho war
is ovor, will not be idle, not that thoro
is any doubl as to thoir having dono
this in the past, but it is u point that
should be driven home, beeause "adequate" profits mean employment and
prosperity. Dealing with 'the situation created by the wnr, he stuted thut
"Japan had entered so largely into the
textile Irndes that il hnd been recognized both in the States uud in Grent
Brituin that there would lie little use
in looking to that eountry fur a market for cotton nnd olher textile goods. "
Ho nlso slated that wo must look to
Other fields for tlie disposal nf our pro-
•ducts, und that the home market must
lie tnken earo nf, or words tn thnt
■effect. Dealing with tlio roluruod Bob
•dior problem tutor lho wur is over, he
stnted Hint to fail to provide employ-
menl fnr our returning men would bo
urn net <>f betruynl and that the demand
to keep the faeturles of Canada running will bo greater than ever aftor
tho wnr is over, uud thnt to keep 700.-
000 returned men who will noon employment will necessitate Ihe expansion of the old industries, and tu institute new ones, and at the same timo
tn lind new markets. And so he wont
nn talking about en-operation between
capital und lubor, pointing out that fhe
.partnership between them would not in
the future mean the dependence of
lubor on capital, and a lot more nonsense.
* *        •
One thing the gentleman did say
that wo hope he \s correct in, wus that
"uftor tho war there will bc no idle
rich," and if the workers in this country are alive to tlieir interests there
won't be. For the wnrkers will take
control of the reins of government,
nnd the lirst thing Ihut Ihey will do
will be to provide them with jobs. You
see the workers know just how un-
eomfortnble it is fo be without a job
themselves, and thoy would never bo
so unkind ns to see anybody without a
job, especially when Ihey have the
power to find jobs for them.
# +        ♦      '
Well, us we Bald at the beginning,
we did not think much of tho show,
und  if  the gontloman who represents
Sir John, when he stated that ade-
quutc profits must be guaranteed or
production would be curtailed, gave
the wholo show away, for he uncovered tho real roason for which commodities arc produced under thc prosont systom, to wit, profit. And who
gets tho profit? Not thc workors; that
is the perquisite of thc employing class.
Tho needs of the people do not enter
into thc scheme of things ns carried
on by tho capitalistic method of production, thc only thing that is considered being the profits of thc ruling
class. With ever-decreasing markets
for thc products of lnbor as under the
present systom thore cannot be any
solution of any of tho probloms raised
by the unemployment of tho working
class. The workers produce the commodities tint for use but for the enrichment of tho owning clnss in society,
and ns soon ns it is no longer profitable to that class the production of
commodities ceases, and thc workors
are without that nocossity under the
system which thoy must hnvo in order
to live, "a job.*' This is the only
question' that the workers havo to
solve, not tho question of increased
productivity, or new markets. Hnvo
they not neods onough of thoir own to
consider without thinking of provi-d/
ing a resting place for the commoditi«fc|
that they havo produced? Aro their
own needs not market onough for
them? And when thoy havo satisfied
thoir own wants the problems that face
the workers will bo solved, and that
solution rests in tho collective ownership of the means of wealth production, und the production of wealth in
the interests of wealth producors, tho
things socially produced, socially owned
and consumed. The ownership of the
mnchinery of production is tho only
question that can ever solve the working clnss problem, nnd ull othor problems are dependent for their solution
nn the elimination of the profit system.
Tho two news items reproduced bolow, nnd which nppcared in the Daily
Provinco of last Saturday, are a typical
example as to how* tho "news" we are
receiving is enmouflaged. Notice tho
heads on these two items, tho ono is a
direct intimation that Gompers had
achieved his object, nnd in the other
the real nows is hidden, or an attempt
to conceal it is mnde by the enmouflaged hcud:
LONDON, Sept. 21.—At tho Intor-
Allied Labor conference yesterday a
motion by Samuel Gompers that "we
will meet in conference only thoso of
tho Central Powors which nro in opon
revolt against their autocratic governments, '' was defeated on thc
nationality vote by G3 to 26, whereupon William Bowen, one ef the
American delegates, declared that if
anothor Inter-Allied conference was
hold duriug the war and enemy delegates woro admitted, representatives
of the United States would not participate.
LONDON, Sopt. 21.—Samuel Gomp-
pcrs und his party of American labor
men will go to Franco next weok and
thon probably to Italy. They uro
very much satisfied with the rosult
of the Inter-Allied Labor Conference,
which the newspapers acclaim as a
distinct personal triumph for Gompers. His firmness throughout in insisting on essential points and while
tactfully uvoiding mixing up in British labor politics greatly impressed
the delegates. Somo of thu most
notable results was the final backdown of Arthur Hendorson   on   his
lihusetts, Illinois nnd Wisconsin, all of
them strong Union states except one ih
the   previous   eloction—all   of   them
,.,,,.     -     ",lM ri1^'*, "^ J voted the Sonthorn ticket—that is to
..        disturbed  ill  our  generai  idea | they voted tho Democratic ticket,
and our spee.f.e ideas and in our lives ^      ' ,
as we aro now.   About 1708, wo woro      ,[0   ( .   J hi - a
jus   on tho edge  us it were, of a war & ,t ft t „* h       fl
with Frnnco   and   at   that   time tho h*       **      ri u off   nnd j* „,■„*>-„
alteram 1* of the revolution was form* mJmhJ ht\tt th„'   ,itica,     -mnm
proposition of conferring with enemy
labor men.
IT IS NOT many yoars ngo, that this
country was filled with talk of reciprocity. At that time, it was
never expected thnt the close rein-
tionahip thut now exists between tbo
United Htntes and this country would
ever be possible.
RECIPROCITY However, times
AGAIN TO change    ,nnd    while
THE FORE. the   peoplo   of   this
country were at that
time informed by the politicians, that
if ovor reciprocity was entered into, the
Unitod States would surely gobble up
Canada. The dread monster wus defeated, and tho pooplo turned down the
reciprocity proposals, und Canndn was
Btivod finui destruction.
However, today we see anothor kind
f reciprocity- In this country, ns well
s in Ihe United Statea nnd Groat Britain, any move on tho pnrt of tho
wnrkers nf I lie respective countries, for
bettor conditions, whether they be for
higher wages, nr for any remedial legislation along drastic lines, such ns fnr
instance, the conscription of wealth,
we are immediately informed by the
press that this is a movomonl backed
by German influence, nnd finuueed by
Gorman agents.
*        *        *
Jt appears, however, flint while Germany is aiding the wurker.s nf this ami
the other countries mentioned in fheir
.'fl'orls In better conditions, Ihut Amori*
ea is aiding the Gorman workers in
their offorts to secure democratic control of the machinery nf governmont in
Hint country ,und the following dispatch, wliich is Supposed tn come from
Amsterdam, may be a proof nf tho fact
Ihut rociproelty botwoen 'the different
minifies iu aiding the workers to obtain belter conditions is now accomplished, and if it, is true, then we shnll
nnt need In revive the "Internntion-
' This dispatch, takon from the
local pre.*s, is us follows:
AMSTERDAM, Sept. 16.—Tito
Lokal Anzeiger of Berlin mnkes
the discovery thnt the Fronde of
the Left, as it. calls the adherents
of the demand for the parHninonta-
i-i/ation and democratization nf the
Gormun    Government,    originates
This is nothing new, and all tho nows
we ure getting at this time can be
looked upon with suspicion. Under
these conditions can we believe anything that wc rend as to tho situation
in Russia; can we believe tho pross
statements with reference to the internal troubles in the enomy countries,
which are to tho effect that this nows
is manufactured for our consumption
in thoso countries, nnd with the object
of disnrming the AIHcb. We aro inclined to be of the opinion that tho
bost thing to do with tho news that
wc aro boing daily served with, is to
discard it entirely, and come to tho
conclusion thut the direct opposite is
thc truth.
However tlio truth is revealed as to
thc Truimph of Gompers, it proves
plainly that Sam failed in his infamous
mission, and that his bombastic nonsense nvttilcd bim nothing when he
met men that are sincorc in their
efforts to accomplish something for a
suffering humanity. Sam did not have
his machine with him. Ho was not
directing an American Foderation of
Lnbor Convention, but wns at a conference of the representatives of the
working cluss of tho Allied countries,
who knnw what is the trouble with
society and the only way out for the
suffering millions.
Tho revival of the "International"
is assured. Sum's actions reminds one
of King Cunute, trying tu push buck
ihe wave* wilh ii broom, He muy bc
a large tuud in his own puddle, but he
does not amount tu much when ho gets
into the clenr witters of liiternnfioiiul
•Socialism. Well it is known tlmt the
whole of his activities ure of a reactionary clmriietor, and that snonor or
later tho movomonl which he now
dominates on fhe American Continent
will repudiate nil such as ho, and the
sooner the better for the millions of
workers who ure now retarded iu the
working cluss muvement by suoh hum*
Teamsters and Chauffoturs.
The Teumsters hnvo secured a reduc-
tinn in hours, the nine-hour day nuw
being in force, nnd ut fhe same timo
have secured $1.00 por duy all round as
an increase in wages. This agreement
hus beon entered into with tho Goneral (*urtuge Assuoiatlon. Negotiations
aro still being carried on with the
wholesale firms. Tho lucul placed nn
assessment on tho members of $1.00 in
aid nf tho Laundry Workers, und mado
uu immediate donation uf $500. Thc
wuge increase amounts to approximately 86 per cent.
Bakery Salesmen.
The Bakers Salesmen have secured
a closed shop agreement with the mus-
tor Imkers, Tho members of this organization wish to take exception to
the statoment that the drivers were
holding up tho public, ns they claim
that tho shuo is un the othor foot, tho
food hogs insisting on two cenls on a
loaf of broud as the retail grocers are
lining, instead nf their being willing to
lake thoir shnro of the war conditions.
The public should keep nn eye un this
Grocers' Association.
Nupoleon, under the Directorate, w
going  through   Europo   liko a comet,
conquering ovory whero.
England across the Channel and Gormany across the Rhino held up their
hands in horror at the onslaught of this
new wave of thought that seemed to
be overturning not only thc divine
right of kings, but every kind uf institution and thought and religion and
convention, nnd we feared thnt
thought in America, much us we fear
tho BolsheviK thought today. Wo
thought it was going to undermine our
institutions and our respect for property, nnd this republic with its own
little revolution just behind it saw this
new thing that they did not undo
stand coming, nnd America was divided
between n French Party and nn Anti-
Froneli Party, nnd it was charged -that
France maintained a secret party in
America—a propagandist party.
Undor tlio influence of nil this condition of fear, the Alien und Sedition
laws were passed in tho spring of 1708,
and then the same thing which is happening now happened then. Newspapers woro suppressed, editors wore
thrown into jail, members of Congross
wore jnilcd, nnd the thing took on a
very political aspect. The Sedition law
gave the administration power to imprison almost anybody for anything
that seemed unpatriotic. Tho Alien
law gave the president personally the
power to exile any man of foreign birth
or woman or any Alien in tho United
States whom ho' thought wns undesirable.
This thing went ou, and then came a
great wave of indignation, which was
partly political, as of courso it was
charged that the administration wns
using the powers of those new laws to
crush opposition to tho Federnl Pnrty,
nnd gradually ns the elections came on,
Jefferson took thc lead of the drive
back against the abrogation of American liberties. He wus a great democrat of great qualities, and it seems to
me ho was thc kind of mnn that
Theodore Rosovclt might havo been, if
he had been different.
And so they grouped themselves into
two oposition parties—tho Conservatives, patriotic people standing behind
these laws; foremost, of course, is
Alexander Hamilton, Madison, Washington himself—and then the Bolshevik, the I. W. W.'s, coming out with
this new doctrine of liberty nud stating quite openly that tho way to moot
all this dangerous stuff, was not by
shot-gun patriotism, not by forcing
people to be silent or sending thom to
jail, but by argument.
And as thc elections drew nigh, tho
thing became more and moro bitter,
and of courso the papers were perfectly scurrilous in thoir attneks upon
President Adams' administration. Then
in these elections of 1800, the now
Republican Party undor Jefferson
swept the old Federalist Pnrty out of
power. The pulicy of Washingtun,
.lohn Randolph, Alexander Hamilton,
Patrick Homy—all those people that
hud fought the American Revolution
and written most of thu constitution
und framed the laws and tbe Bill of
Rights and everything olse—they were
swept out of powor in the election of
1800 by u new party. The peoplo had
react ed right. It was not so much
patriotism exactly. It was a question
of preserving it lie liberties of tho
people, such us Ihey wero then, nnd us
they understood them.
And in .1804, Ihe next election, tho
Federalist Parly only carried two
statos and no one hus ovor boon ablo
In find the pieces uf the Federalist
Party sinco.
Nuw I don't know that there is uny
analogy. I don't moan thnt (bore Is.
I dun'i expect thut thc Democratic
Purty is going to bo swept out of
powor nud I sincerely hope' it won't
because I should hute vory much tn
seo the Republicans got in and all they
stand fur. I am not n Democrat, but
uf enure I am not u Republican. I do
fool thai _A i'. Wilson has nn idea of
settling this international thing that
is vory big and very fine. It may be
visionary, but 1 would liko to seo the
chance given him to work those ideas
of his out; the ideas of some sort of
an arrangement in Europo which
would obviate the .necessity of militarism, nnd I think that is what he has
got. in his mind, becnuso it sooms to
mo that as long as Europe is sitting—
tho diplomats of Europe aro sitting
around in n game of poker with
colonies und possessions und spheres of
influences for chips, that there will always be militarism; thore will always
lie what continued for 10 or 20, yoars
boforo the win—an era of gront armed
peuco, ready at any moment to bo,
transferred by the merest incident into)
an era of terrible wnr, and I think
Wilson hns tlie idea of bringing about
a now dispensation of European boundaries, that will be just onough to
make Hint era of armed pouce unnecessary, uud then-fore militarism not inevitable,
Well, there was one episode which I
out of jail.
Woll, it seems to me vory interesting thnt on these two occasions tho
reaction of tho public was oxactly the
same. I don't know how to analyze it.
But it seems to mo that wo havo a
conviction that is pretty strong that
our liberties, such as thoy arc, are not
things that can bo taken away and
givon bnck again. I don't think that
you can take a right or a liberty away
and ever give it bnck again. Becauso
Whon you give it bnck ngnin, it is not
a right or a liberty. It is a permission.—Young Socialists' Magazine.
Don't itow away yonr ip*r« cub lm
My old comer where It ii In dunr
(rom burgUri or flre. «•»■«
The Merchant! Bank of Canada of-
lera you porfect lafoty for yonr
monoy, and will give yoa foil banklnc
■ervlce, whother yonr account ia larn
or small,
Intereat allowed   oo lavlngi  depo-
0. V. STAOBT, Minif er
W. O. JOT. Man»,er
Halting! aid Oarrall
Probaly tho most serious event in the
early   history   of   tho   Trades   Union
movement in   Great   Britain was   tho
passage of  tho Combination Laws in
1799.    Prior to this dato it was the
policy of tho different governments to
pass laws making it illegal to combine
in given trados and callings.   The reason for this was alleged to bo that it
was tho provinco of parliament to fix
the conditions of industry, and that,
therefore, an interference by combinations of workers was unnecessary.   By
the end of tho eighteenth contury, however, wage-fixing, in any wide sense,
by local authorities under act of parliament, hnd long fallen into disuse, and,
iu some  cases,  thc Combination laws
wore not enforced.   Thero are instances
whore     the    govornment     recognized
trades  union   agitations   and  granted
demands    for   legislation.     What    is
humorously   described   ns   (' freo contract" was in general operation during
the last yenrs of the century.   In 171)9,
fearful of the contagion of tho French
Bovolution and of tho rnpid growth of
unionism umong thu textile workors of
Yorkshire and Lancashire, thc government introduced a genoral Combination
Law, the effect of which was to make,
all trados unionism penalisablo as an j
act ef sedition against tho state.   As
with Sir Joseph Ward's measure of industrial    conscription,    this   law  wns
rushed on to the statute book without
so much as giving those concorned an
opportunity of mnking a protest. Within twenty-four days after its introduction into the Houso of Commons it had
received the Royal assent.   Only one
union,   tho   Calico-printers   Socioty in
London, had the opportunity of petitioning  against  the  measure,  and  in
their obpection   they  stated  thnt  although the bill professed morely "te
prevent   unlawful    combinations,''   it
created "now crimes uf so indefinite a
nuture   that   no   ono   journeyman   oi
workman will bo safe in holding conversation on the subject of his trade or
employment."    No >othor unions took
action, and tho bill, unaltered, passed
into law.   In 1800 tho uct was reaffirmed.   Subsequently it wns supplemented
by strained interpretations of the common law and of ancient statutes, and
in 1819 (four years aftor Waterloo hnd
"freed" Europe from French militnr-
ism),   by   the   infamous   "Six Acts"
which made all public meetings illegal,
enabled magistrates to search for arms,
compelled all  working-class papers to
pny a crushing stump duty, and hnrsh-
oaed tho law of seditious libel.   Undor
these   oppressive    laws   thousands  of
workers wore imprisoned und deported,
unions wore broken up nnd tlieir funds
sequeMrulod.   Ono ur two ensos of persecution will show how these acts worn
used by tho exploiters to injure unionism nnd to wnrd off strikes.   In 1817,
the Bolton constables, hearing by uccident that ten delegates   of   the calico-
printers from   various   parts   of   tho
kingdom were to meet on Now Year's
Dny,  arrested  them  and  seized  tlieir
papers. They wore given throe months'
gaol although no dispute with tho governmont   was    in  progress.    In  1810
seven scissor grinders wero sentenced
lo three months' gaul for belonging tu
a "Misfortune Club" which puid out-
of-work benefit.   In 1812 tho employers
in the Scottish  weaving industry  refused  to accept  tho  rntes which  the
justices hnd declared to be fair. Workers on '10,000 looms struck.   Tho government    straightway    arrested   their
central committeo of   fivo   nnd   gave
thom   four   to   eighteen   months'   imprisonment.     Tho   Wen vers'   Associn-
tion was ufterwurds broken up.  Thoso
cuses could be multiplied indefinitely.
Of courso, apologists for the Combination Laws say that they also applied
to the employers.    This was so in tho
letter but not in the fact.   Lord Francis Jeffrey, speaking at  u   dinner to
Joseph Hume, the grout Radical politician and writer, said: "A single master was at liberty at nny time to turn
off the wholo of his workers at onee—
100 to 1000 in number—if thoy would
not accept the wages he chose to offer.
But. it- was mado  nn offence for tho
wholo of the   workors   tu leave   that
muster at once if he refused to give
the wuges thoy chose to require." Syd-
Bank of Toronto
Ausets  184,000,000
Deposits  63,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Saving! Accoant may tie
opened at The -Bank of Toronto
In the names of two or more
porsons. In these accounts either
party may sign cheques or deposit
money. For tbo different membera of
a family or a firm a Joint account is
often a great convenience. Interest Is
paid on balance*.
Vancouver  Branch:
' Corier Hastlnga and Camilla Streets
Branches at:
Victoria,  Merritt,   Mew  Westminster
ney Webb, in his "History of Trndes
Unionism,'' says that, '' During the
whole epoch of repression, whilst thousands of journeymen suffered for tho
crime of combination, there is nbso-
lutely no crimo on record in which an
employer was punished for tho same
offence.'' These Combination Laws
wero repealed mainly through tho instrumentality of Francis Place, a muster tailor in London, whoso work for
unionism nnd for freedom to orgunizo
should bc more widely known and appreciated by the movement. He was
first moved to work for the repeal of
theso laws by tho atrocious treatment
of some printers employed by tho Times
newspnper. About this ho wrote: '' Tbo
cruel persecutions of the journeymen
printers on the Times newspapor in
1810 wero carried to an nlmost incredible extent. The judgo who tried and I
sentenced some of them was the Common Sergeant of London, Sir John Sylvester, commonly known by tho cog-
nomon of 'Bloody Black Jack.' ....
No judgo took moro pains than did
this judge on thc unfortunate printers
to make it appear that their offonco
was one of groat enormity, to boat
down und alarm the renlly respectable
men who had fallen into his (dutches,
und on whom ho inflicted scandalously
unfair'sentences." On anothor occasion, writing of tho degeneration of
conditions in the textile industries,
Placo snid: "The sufferings of persons
in tho cotton manufacturing districts
wcro beyond credibility; they wero
drawn into combinations, bot rayed, persecuted, convicted und monstrously,
severe punishments inflicted on thom;
they were reduced to and kept in thc
most wretched stato of existence.''
Tho Combination Laws wore ropealod
in 1825,—Maoriland Workor,
Crowns, Budges and nuiafs
mad* tba same ahad* aa yon m
natural taath.
Dr. Gordon
Open evenltige  7:30 to   8:8-1.
Dental nurse in attendance.
Over Owl Drug Store
Phona Sey. 8238
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
New Organization of Postal Employees
Now Practically Covers
the Wost
Now Westminster aceoptod tho Western Federation of Postal Employees at
a mass mooting held on Monday, Sopt.
2:1, nftor hearing the report of tlio
Hamilton convention and Civil Service
Commission given by Bros. McConaghy
and Knowles. Tho following woro the
elected officers: President, H. Broughton; vico-president, Bro. Cameron; secretary, Bro. Bracker; treasurer, Bro.
Dny; sorgoant-at-arms, Bro. Money.
Tho following cities havo now branches
of the Federation: Vaneonver, Saskatoon, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Fort William, Port Arthur,, .Victoria, Sault Ste.
Mario, Begina, New Westminster, Oalgary, Medicine Hat, Mooso Jaw, Prince
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
If too ara oeosiderlng tbe parehaae
or   aale   of   Governmont   or    Mnnlelpal
bonds communicate with
73S OranriUa St. Vuconnr, B. 9.
Notary Public
439 Richards Street
Albert,, Lothbrldgo.    Brandon is still
to be heard from.
Tlio locul brnncli  will hold n  mass
mooting Sundny, 29th inst,, at 30 a.i:
in tho Lubor Temple.
Patronize B. O. FederationiBt advertisers, and tell them why you do bo.
At the J. N. Harvey Union Olothing Stores	
The following is an extract, from a letter just recoived from
Stanfields, Ltd., makers of Stanfield's famous unshrinkable
"With cotton 40 cents delivered at the mill; long staples,
such ns Stunfield's uso, worth 70 cents; wool at "U.fiO to
$1.00 per pound; line worstod yams at $4.00 and over, you
can figure on still higher prices for somo time to como."
Wc have a big stock of Stanfield's unshrinkablo underwear for mon,
bought at tlie lower prico and selling at:
HNE   ELASTIC    BIB   SHIETS   AND   DBAWERS,   each   $1,25,
 '         33.75
$2.50, 83.50, 85.00 to 87.50
each    83.00, 83.50 ••■■'• 34.00
and   87.00
81.75, 32.50 "»d
125-127 Hastings St. W.
Also 614-616 Yatei St., Victoria, B.O,
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign , FBIDAY September 27, 1918
The First Union Cigar Store
in Vancouver
The Mainland
Cigar Store
The Place for Pipes
We are showing a line of 25-cent PIPES in the
windows that are selling in most other places at
35 and 40 cents. Of course, they are not briar
—that is, most of them are not—but there is one
nice curved stem that is briar. And at this
price they are unbeatable.
Just to remind you, I. L. A. Cigars are still
selling 3 for 25 cents; just as good as ever.
You have noticed that we only claim to be
the first Union Cigar Store. Well, it is true,
but there is only one other, and that's the Leland Cigar and Billiard Room, 913 Granville
The best service that our readers can
do The Fedorationist Is to patronize
our advertisers, aad to inform them
why they do so.
"The 13th Chair"
Featuring   EDVTHE   ELLIOTT
Order Your Seat Now
Prices 16c, 36c Uld 60c
Leather Goods Store
Ladles' Hand Bags a Specialty
AU Kinds of High Grade
Travelling Ooods
Phone Bey. 2111   Vancouver, B.O,
More Miners Killed
Reports to the federal bureau of
mines, Washington, from every state
oxcopt Kentucky, ahow that 192 coal
minora wero killed in May of this year.
In tho same month last year there were
US casualties.
Raise Wages 16 Per Oent.
The Cigar Makers Union of Minneapolis has secured wage increases of 16
per cont.
** ran wns
Other big fefttnm
Matinee 2:80
Eveningi 8:20
Van Loo—
The Cigar with a zest—
The full Havana filler gives this cigar a welcome zest but no
dizzy, sickening headaches is enclosed in its rich brown wrapper. Agreeably mild with a pleasing, satisfying flavor that
appeals to the smoker whether he smokes but one or ten each
Hundreds of men find the "three-for-a-quarter" size just to
their liking. A generous, satisfying smoke. Prove it to your
own satisfaction by calling for VAN LOO the next time you
step up to a cigar counter.
An Address Delivered By
Dr. W. J. Curry at
the Rex
15c, 10c and 3 for 25c
The Only Hope for a New
Era Lies with the
The following address, delivered by
Dr. W. J. Curry at the Rex theatre, on
Sunday, the 15th inst, was unavoidably
crowded out of our last issue.
Mr. Chnrlos Lestor occupied the
chair, and Btated that the discontent
of tho workers could be focused in the
Federated Labor Party, and that tho
object of tho party wub to use the legislature to improve the conditions of the
Dr. Curry said thore was a time when
it waa held to be true that "All roadH
led to Eome," but now it might almost
be said that all roads led to social democracy. Many things had contributed
to the making of such roads, and it
mattered less who made tho roads so
long as thero were people who wero determined to uso them. In dealing with
the untoward conditions of today he
wished to blamo no one—circumstances
has so combined that certain results
wero inevitable, and it was foolish to
blame the people who were directly associated with the latest manifestations,
Behind every effect there lay as ade-
quato cause, and it wero the wisest
courso to try to discover causeB and
doal with them. It was true that all
our national resources had been alienated, but it was of little uso to attack
the poople in sight, it was tho entire
system whieh had to bo readjusted to
suit a real democracy—a domocracy in
which there would be no economic
classes. Many pooplo woro talking of
democracy today who had not the faintest conception of what was meant by
tho term, and if thoy "happened to
meet Domoeracy, coming full-dressed,
along thoir way, thoy would die with
Diagnosing Ills of Society
The master class was always horrified at tho thought of any analysis of
human society. Only ignorance held
back Social Domocracy. By reason of
financial and economic powor ono class
was in control. In overy historical
epoch the class that owned the machinery of production directed human society. The people who attempted to enlighten their follows were naturally
classed as dangerous, but these people
wore not responsible for the disease
any moro than was tho physician whose
task it was to diagnose human physical
ailments that they might know how to
attempt a remedy. If thoso who so
strenuously opposed this "diagnosis'"
only really understood thoy would learn
that the workers in emancipating themselves, would emancipate tho wholo of
socioty, and overy member of the new
Social Democracy would bo glad of the
There would, however, be no chango
without a struggle, and tho hope lay in
education. In order to bottcr suit their
purposes, the master class had been
compelled to teach tho peoplo to read,
and education was tho greatost of all
forces making for Social Democracy.
Realizing this, their oppononts were out
to pervert facts when thoy could not
entirely suppross them. Ho remoraber-
ed as a boy camping on tho banks of a
stream from whioh they got their water, nnd how ono morning they wero
horrified to discover that the stream
so muddy as to make it useless. On
I'xitmination further up the stream,
thoy discovered that a neighbor's hogfl
had been wallowing in it. This was
figuratively what was happening today
ns hogs of various kinds woro wallowing in tho streams from which we get
our news and knowledge, and the great
mass of it was polluted near its source.
It hud been pleaded that tho working
class wore not fit to rule—did not havo
tho necessary knowledge—but circumstances were rapidly developing tho
fitness required.
No Drones in New Democracy
In Social Democracy thoro would bo
no drones. St. Paul had laid down a
dictum that if there wero any among
them who would not work, neither
should ho eat. Service was tho qualification to enable a man to havo the
wherewithal to eat. In Social Democracy service and not hereditary ownership of things would count.
Count Okuma, a Japanese statesman,
Had declared that tho present conflict
was nothing less than the death of European civilization. Just ns in the past
the civilization of Babylon, Egypt,
Greece, Carthago and tho great Roman
Empire have boon destroyed, so in the
judgment of this detached observer,
the civilization of all Europe wus receiving its deathblow. Quoting from
the manifesto of the British Labor
Party, tho speaker said: "Wc of tho
Labor Party can so far agree in this
estimate as to recognize in tho present
world catastrophe, if not the death, in
Europo of civilization itself, at any
rate tho culmination and collapse of a
distinctive industrial civilization, which
tho workers will not seek to reconstruct."
Whutever the period of transition
hold for us, all must be largely determined by the attitudo of those who
were even now opposing thc aims of an
opinion that the most strenuous light
would be on tho American continent,
us wherever the profiteers wero the
most strongly entrenched, and tho workers were furthest uway from the reins
of power, there existed a state of affairs destined to bo eventually overthrown, but wliich would entail much
suffering in the process.
Hope Lies in the Workers Alone
Those who were looking for the end
of the world war, need not look in the
direction of those whose profits were
being built up ns a consequence of it,
but to those who were suffering most
from it, and theso wero the workers of
ench nation. These woro denied expression on the flimsiest of pretences, and
ho believed there was more of Domocracy in Britain herself thnn could bc
found in Canndn. Pnpers were denied
tlie maila that were published in tlio
motherland. Ordinary news of doings
in Britnin did not appear in Canadian
papers. Much that the British people
wcro determined upon was not known
Brothers Pay Supreme Sacrifice
This photo shows tlio two brothers.    Also   is   standing.
We regret to record the death, in action, of Pte, Alec Price, jl member of
Typographical Union No. 226. "Alec"
was highly respected by his follow
craft mombors. Ho served his apprenticeship with Cowan & Brookhouse,
printers of the Federationist, being
with them from a messenger boy. Enlisting in November Inst, one* month
aftor he became a journeyman, ho left
with a detachment from Hustings Park
in February. BcforO his departure ho
was presented with a well-filled purse
from his brother workmen and a souvenir from tho firm. All hoped to soon
see "Woo Alec" back again and on
tho old job. Arriving in England he
did his training at Shorncliffe but soon
left for the front, being transferred to
tho 72nd Highlanders Battalion. Ho
wns only 21 yenrs of age, and well-
known in locnl football circles, being a
member of the St. David's team in the
City Lengue for several seasons. Only
the dny before the sad news wns received many of his friends hero received a moat cheery letter from him,
saying thnt both he and his brother
had "been over the top" and had
come out O.K. His father received the
snd news on Tuesday that both sous
hud been killed in action. John was in
the employ of the C. P. R. as steward.
Thc sympathy of all who knew Alec
and John will go out to their bereaved
clothes wero possible, we'd be
making them. We recognize that
the worker needs and deserves
good clothes, both at work and
off work, and we hare always—
consistently and persistently-
put that style and quality into
as make them the Best Suits sold
in this city. If others are as
good, thoy are at a higher priee.
We employ Union workers, taking a pride in their business, and
thus ensure the highest quality
and most thorough workmanship,
and though we pay fullest Union
rates, wo find, by so doing, we
get and give greator value and
The customer gets the benefit.
Ladies '. (45, $60, ISS, 160
Ken's... |3S, M0, 148, ISO
St. West
ed out in great style and numbers. It
did one's heart good to witness suoh a
feeling of fellowship that existed in
that hall. It might have boen that
Labor was celebrating some great vie*
tory. In fact that is just what it was.
An overwhelming proof of unionism.
Tho dancing waa handled by Mr.
Levy, M.C., Mr. O. Hume and Mr. Mc-
Craig, and credit is due them for the
success of the dance.
The largo refreshment room was
nover without a crowd. Several times
tho "storo" was on tho verge of collapse, but thanks to the girls living up
to thoir reputations of hard workors, it
ci.no out fine. Mrs. Campbell, Mrs.
Brordetto, Mrs. Scott, Mrs. Testtam,
Miss Wilson and Mice Cox wore in
charge of this department.   Other ac
tive mombors wero Mr. Govfnoy (door).
Mr. ■Dalyollo, Mrs. Forslund and Mrs.
Creilman (cloak room).
Tho great success and the numerous
enquiries havo spurred tho organization
to further action and arrangements are
now undor way for a series of these
functions during the coming season.
Office Workon
Tho organization of tho offico workors in tho eity goes on apace. At the
last moeting, on Tuosday, a number of
new membors were made. The next
mooting will be held on Tuesday, Oct.
15, at which meeting the officers
will bo oleetod. Members of organizod
labor who aro in touch with any offico
workers aro nsked to pass the word
Whist Drive and Dance Was
An Unqualified
Fifteen hundred tickets sold, $000
added to tho local treasury, nnd a record breaking crowd in attendance,
briefly sums up the whist drive and
dance given by the Laundry Workers
Union. Local 37, in uid of their strike
fund,  on  Monday evening last, 23rd
in Canada. Only perversions of fact
were allowed to appear.
The speaker then recounted a fow of
the moves made by the representatives
of Labor in Britain, and declared that
Labor would do much of the rearranging of "territories" nfter tho war, and
would bo a party to whatever treaties
were made or they would not bc made.
Nations of tho future would not be
forced into alignments whieh they did
not themsolves approve of.
To hore and there sock to suppross
tho voice of a few men was thc expedient of all the countries, but was a hopeless effort as you ennnot forever repress humanity. History abounded
with warnings ns to the futility and
blindness of such moves and expedients.
Thc basis of all true Democracy must
bc that of equality of opportunity for
all. Today it. was property first and
humanity afterwards, whereas in a properly constituted state, property could
only bu used as it conserved and ministered to the needs of the community
human well-being.
It wns satisfactory to note thai the
returning soldiors woro combining with
the forces of Labor, in spito of attempts to split on the pnrt of those
who hnd somothing to gain by such a
iplit. Such u combination wus nil tlmt
wns needed to ensure Iho futuro of Democrncy, and the end of control by the
profiteers and  thoir friends.
Sacrifice, Suffering and Success
I'hen there were spiritual forces in
society to be reckoned with. The forces
that led men to sacrifice self in the
effort to achiovo ideals whicli were not
always npprecinted. The Naznrene was
an outstanding figure in history, bemuse of his death for an ideal, nnd tho
forces directly uettmled by him were
persecuted by ihe ruling classes for
mnny generations, und showed I lint
there were deep antagonisms between
them nnd the people in power—that the
people in power wen- afraid of those
forces, and desired to crush them. This
was the parallel today, as any observer
could well see. Yet under whoso regime did Home perish? Wero the followers of the Naznrono nny where in
power when these empires went to destruction? Certninly not, but on the
other hand, it wus'just those forces;
which lind been unrelentingly crushed1
which will eventually rule the world.'
Common lo all lands wns the religion
of human happiness and progress, and
the brotherhood of man. For Ihis Licit-
knecht wus iu prison in Germany, and
Debs in  America.
A willingness t<> snerifice, declared
Dr. Curry in closing his address, is
found everywhere with Ihosc who align
themselves truly with the forces malting for Social Democracy. They seek
a kingdom not remote from mundane
thing's—a kingdom of heaven if you
will, but upon enrth—the universal
reign of human justice.
inst., at thc largo Dominion hall, Ponder street.
' Long bofore the scheduled time,
crowds wore waiting to gain admission
and at 8 o'clock the whist drive commenced, with every ono of tho 220 seats
occupied. This wns certainly a record
whist gathering. Two and a half hours
of enjoyment followed for those participating in the games, und thero wns
uot u flaw during the whole time. Credit is certainly due to Mr. Taylor, Mrs.
I Thestan nnd Mis. Gray for the wny in
I which they conducted affairs. At 11
J o 'clock crowds were certainly pouring
in, and it wus necessnry to cnll in n
second orchestra in order to nccommo-1
'date the grent throng. In less time
than it tnkes to tell .a second dance |
was in progress in the hall previously
used by tho whist drive.
By the time the opening waJtz was
played the large dunce hall wns filled to
its cupucity, and over ."100 couples occupied the floor during Ihe whole evening.
The programme was very well arranged
and the nfusic excellent," and thc high-
spirited crowd danced to its heart's
content  until   1   o'clock  a.m.
Speeches wore delivered by Miss Gutteridge, from both pint forms, nnd she
was most enthusiast icnlly received.
The strike situation wns briefly outlined .nnd the attitude of the proprietors mnde plain. The stund tnken by
the Laundry Workers Union was heartily endorsed by the reception afforded
Miss Gutteridge as representative of
the snme orgnnizntion.
Every brunch of organized lnbor lurn-
Smax Bread
"SMAX"~an ideal bread
for the household
Phone Fairmont 3000
Cakes and Pastry
Beautifully polished top, re-'
quires no blackening brushes.
YOUB food cook through the
leaded glass of the Double
High Oven Enterprise "Perfect" Range. It is a pleasure you
will always enjoy. It saves back-
bending, opening and closing oven
doors, and permits you to follow
your cooking operations closely
from start to finish.
The Economical
in fuel will be noticeable from the
moment it is installed, and the
added appearance to your kitchen
will be an everlasting source of
pleasure to the woman whose
household duties require so much
time around the kitchen range.
Let us install for you an
Enterprise "Perfect" Range
and we are satisfied that you
will find it to be the Range
of Perfect Satisfaction.
To see this range call at onr retail store, 860 OranviUe
Street, formerly Pacific Stove and Furnace Company
A good price allowed for your old stove in exchange
W. T. McARTHUR&CO. Limited
FBIDAT. September 27, 1818
To meet the Regal Shoe
THERE'S that feeling of comradeship, of staunchness, that
makes you good friends the first introduction. There's a
humanness, an honesty, a thoroughness, plus an "easy going-
ness" that "rings true" and makes you feel at home "first
crack out of the box." There's mighty fine company in the
Unequalled in the world for stylo nnd design, for workmanship and
durability, tho Begal Shoe, as shown by .us, offers 850 different chances
to tit your kind o,J n foot. When better FIT means increased mileage
and comfort, why not get acquainted? What about these for "all
round'' value If
"Bond Street" Last $8
Tbls is a semi-dress, double-effect
Shoe witb all tbe lines- of his
higher priced brother, lu black
calf, having cravenetto top, recede
toe and low walking heel. Splendid value at $8.00.
"Wall Street" Last $9
A typical English model, combining tbe swing laBt, with recede toe
and low heel. Designed for the
man not desiring a high toe, bnt
who wants ease and comfort.
In Mahogany Calf, $9.00
In  Cherry   Calf,  $11.00
Exclusive Men's Store
157-159 Hastings St. W.
Near Gamble Street
Street Bailway Men Demand Same Pay
for Women on tne
Street Cars
Thc executivo board of the Amalgamated Association of Streot and Electric Bailway Employees of Detroit, has
met the demand for women street car
conductors by notifying affiliated locals
that theso women must have tho same
conditions as men.
Tho board insists that there is no
necessity at this time for the employment of women, but to meet any charge
that street car mon are hampering tho
war and aro not patriotic, tho following
instructions may dampen tho ardor of
thoso managers who would destroy
• wage scales and labor conditions.
"Where women aro employed as conductors they shall bo employed and
enter tho service the samo as men were
"Thoy shall take their seniority,
starting at tho foot of tho extra list
and working up the same as men would
work up in tho samo employment.
"Thoy shall be entitled to the same
guarantees, tho same wages and conditions that thc men are entitled to.
"They shall, when employed on systems that require permits to bo taken
out, take their permits for membership
in the organization tho some as the
men tako permits.
"When womon do enter tho service
they shall become mombors of the organization, being entitled to tho samo
protection, benefits and conditions that
men are entitled to, coming under tho
working conditions* and provisions of
the agreement in tho samo mannei."
Family's Living Costs
The bureau of Labor statistics, Washington, study of expenditures of families locatod in seven shipbuilding centres on tho North Atlantic coast shows
that in Bath, Maine, tho 99 families investigated averaged $1,541.18 for thc
yoar ending March 31 last; Portland,
Maino, 103 families, $1,334.55; Baltimore, Md., 205 families, $1,450.52; Boston, 210 families, $1,519.90; Portsmouth, N. H., 104 families, $1,406.97;
Norfolk, Va., 97 families, $1,670.99;
Newport Nows, Va., 72 families, $ly
547.73; Nowport Nows, Va., 30 colored
families, $1,189.71.
"Ban the Huns," Indeed!
For thc benefit of tho big woodon
guns of Vancouver's civic and social
circles, whose present fad ib a "Ban
tho Hun" Association, wo reproduce
tho following part of an address delivered by a Mr. Quiggin in the senate
houso of Cambridge University, last
For Cambridge, said Mr. Quiggin, ignorance of German would moan intellectual death. Even before tho war,
German outside the Latin countries was
tho medium of intercourse throughout
Europo, and in tho realm of learning it
occupied tho position held by Latin
during tho middle ages. After the war
this would oven moro bo tho caso. Tho
thought of tho greater part of tho European continont would be garnered in
German, and in order to obtain access
to that storehouse of knowledge German would bo requisite. By discountenancing tho study of Gorman in
schools they would deny their studentB
access to a fountain-head of knowledge.
Our intellectual life was larogly dependent upon Gormany. But there were
also other reasons for studying German. Ho need hardly say that perhaps
tho greatest poetic achievement of tho
last two hundred years was tho work of
a German, and in tho estimation of
many the two greatest dramatic writers of the nineteenth century wrote in
German. It might bo said that German
poetry and German literature, particularly tho pootry, had a direct appeal to
tho English which tho verso of Franco
rarely er nover had. Again, as a form
of mental discipline Gorman undoubtedly far excelled Fronch, and Gorman
in a way formed an avonue to all thc
languages of Europo outside tho Latin
countries. All theso languages had been
profoundly influenced by Gorman, and
if our mon wanted to study Russian,
Polish, Hungarian or Scandinavian,
they would do well to take Gorman
first. He hoped that, if the roport was
referred back to tho syndicate, they
would consider tho making of a reading
knowledge of German obligatory upon
all candidates for honors. Thoy did not
wish to sec their colleges degenerate
into so many social and athletic clubs;
but that ho was convinced would bo the
result, if they ceased to study tho languages of tho European continent, and
especially German.
Patronize B. C. Federationist advertisers and tell thom why you do so.
Canadian Northern Railway
Lowest Pouible Passenger Fares
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants
Travel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agent or Write
Telephone Seymour 2482
Save by using other cereals—Use wholesome substitutes till Wheat Flour comes into its own again
Blend With the Family Loaves
Some of these dependable
Corn Flour Rye Flour
Yellow Cornmeal
Rolled Oats Oatmeal
Vancouver Milling
and Grain Co., Ltd.
Millers of the Famous "Boyal Standard Flour"
Miller's License 130 Wholesale License 12,105
Package Cereal License 2,040 to 2,043
Editor B. C. Federationist: The fol-4
lowing is, I believe, the last letter written by our late departed comrade, H.
Fitzgerald, and will in a measure explain his recent letter to tho World,
which was tho subject of Bomo unfavorable criticism in these columns.
I have been in receipt of letters from
Fitz every few weeks sinco his leaving
this city, and know that he has never
swerved from the revolutionary, uncompromising position he occupied while
activo in the 8, P. of O., although he
may have had good reason to amend
portions of his tactical programme.
Yours for the cause.
Dr. W, J. Curry,
Dear Doc.
Your letter and money, ordor reached
me today, and for both I am truly
grateful. Nevertheless I am very sorry
that I cannpt como to town. The journey to Vancouver is very wearisome,
and the return is even worse, especially to a sick man. I have a dread of
travelling in my present condition,
though while in health tho .most difficult thing for me was to stay for any
length of time in one place.
I dare say that peoplo who nre in
good health find it far from easy to
understand the psychology of thoso who
are diseased; and so they^ often expect
them to act according to' what is ac-
iptod as a standard ol normality. This
is a mistake not uncommon to our day;
but thc truth is that its effects are often disastrous.
Many cases go from this place from
timo to time, and strive to make a living in tho world. They break down and
return to the institution in a far worse,
state than when they wero first treated.
Why? Simply because healthy people
will fret and worry, with their ideas,
the unfortunate wretches who are utterly unable to sparo the necessary energy for unending explanations; and
because thoro are so few persons in tho
world who aro capable of that understanding which permits onc man to do
a kindness to another without endeavoring to impose his ideas and will on
thc recipient of the kindness.
Onc of the most difficult things in
lifo is to be kind. If a man wants
something, and wo wish to help him,
the bost thing for us to do is to give
him what he wants, and let it go at
that. No attempt to influence his use
of thc gift should be mado; otherwise
the kindness is destroyed.
More lives aro destroyed by alleged
kindness than by callous brutality.
Lovo to all,
Tranqullle Sanatorium,
August 25, 1918.
Editor B. C. Federationist:  I should
be pleased if you would publish the
following open letter in your paper:
To all affiliated Labor groups of Canada:
Brothers: As an active niombcr of
organized labor in Canada, who has noticed quite a number of his fellow wor*
kcrs growing old and crippled with continuous toil, nnd further, knowing that
all of us who labor continuously will
also in time become ns crippled as they
are, until in the end thore will be but
old men and old women's "home" or
thc potters-ilcld left for us, it has occurred to mo that if evory organized
workor in Canada wero to pay ton cents
per month toward erection of suitable
buildings, thc laying out of suitable
grounds ,otc, and the maintenance of
snme, the fear of tho timo when our
masters voico will call us no more will
bo at lenst partially removed from
among the vile mixture of fears and
worries that appear to be tho average
worker's chief stock in trade. I advocate a ,|iomc that will be a home. A
home that thc workers of Canada will
have built for themselves to enjoy in
their old age among thoso of their own
age, who havo worked as they have
worked, nnd paid as they havo paid.
I will not weary you just now, my
fellow workers, with the dotails of my
plan, but assuming there are a hundred
thousand trades unionists in Canada
who arc willing to pay ten conts per
month apiece as long they they are fit
and able to work, we could buy from
ten acres up to a hundred, if we wanted
to, and build reinforced concrete buildings on it, furnished with thc best
equipments that money could buy. And
remember, the whole outfit would be
ours, for ns long as wo kept up our lit*
tie monthly contributions of ten cents
per member.
Think this over, my fellow workers.
Discuss it in your meetings, in your
homes, and in the noon hour on thc
job. After you hove discussed it thor
oughly, put it up to a voto of your local
union and get action on it.
Yours for Ihe old man's home for the
(Signed)   J. N. BOULT.
P.   S,—Other   Labor   papers   please
1452 Mahon Avenue,
North Vancouver,
.September 1(5, 1018.
To the Editor of the B. C. Fedora
tionist: We are living in troublous
times whicli are pregnant with possi-
bilitios. What tvas the cause of the
trouble and what will be the outcome
of the present eruption? As regards
the first named, people differ because
of .patriotism and prejudice in the two
different camps.
Economists claim it to be a conflict
between two sections of the bourgeois
who had exploited thc proletariat at
home to thc limit, and had to try con*
elusions with one another for thc sur
vivnl of the fittest according to might,
As regards the outcome, wo all agree
there will be trouble, but to what extent is the problem. All talk revolu
tion—some meun by constitutional
methods, others by physical force.
What, then, are ure possibilities of
overthrowing tho present system by
constitutional methods? Thoy aro poor
indeed. The vested interests nnd their
reactionary allies, viz., church and
state, are too firmly entrenched to be
pried loose by such methods.
The bourgeois are and have boon nl
down through the ages the greatest of
cowards, bnt whut they lack in courage
they mako up in cunning, and are ever
ready to adopt the foulest means to
gain their end. They would undoubt
cdly give way before a concerted movement of thc proletariat. Dissipation
and over-indulgence have mado their
hides tender and their stomachs weak.
But would the proletariat again bo led
away from taking advantage in full of
their emancipation by some newly-
created bourgeois god or religion,
which would be meant for their further enslavement? Churchnnity is a
failure amongst thc intellectuals' of the
musses.   It still has as firm a hold as
'over amongst a large section of the
people. To give on example, two deluded creatures a few days ago told
mc they were well satisfied to undergo all the sufferings, hardships and
privations ton this earth becauso
through it or becauso of it thoy are
assured of sitting on golden chairs
around tho golden throno in Paradise,
forgetting that their teachers wore
more than willing to give,them the
privilege of tho golden chairs in the
hereafter if they themselves will bo
allowed to occupy the golden thrones
of tho present world unmfolosted. Trying to educate the proletariat through
our press ond on thc platform seems a
hopeless task, as we have all the
forces of reaction to combat—thc
bourgeoise, its foul pross, its politicians, schols and churches. The bourgeois unintentionally started the
greatest cducationnl campaign in 1914
that thc world has ever known. It is
written in bold letters on tho bourgeois structure of society. Hardship
and suffering arc compelling tho millions to raise thoir eyes to road what
thereon is written.
The interpretation of that writing
on tho wall will overthrow that great
rambling structuro built on tho rotton-
est of foundations—injustice, intolerance, tyranny and the people's blood.
It will remain for tho proletariat to
clear away tho rubbish, build society
on a firm foundation of justico, which
will Inst through tho ages to come.
There won't be any need to talk about
tho hell of fire and brimstone or the
futuro Paradise—tho latter desirable
stato will then bo with us on this
planet. Ono thing is eortain; tho present structuro of socioty is crumbling
away. Patchwork won't do now os
in the past, because thero will bo nothing to put tho patches on. The rulers,
politicians and ecclesiastics nro impotent to cope with tho presont landslide, neither is it to tho interests of
the proletariat to caso tho situation,
Better a littlo more suffering now and
bloodshed, to make tho peoplo's education completo, so that thoro will bo no
possiblo clmuco of roverting to past
miseries. Speed the day for tho happy
North Vancouver, B. C.
The Editor, Foderationist: In the
capitalistic press of tho city of Vancouver great prominenco was given to
the speech delivered by Sir John Wil-
lison beforo tho Canadian Club at tho
Hotel Vancouver on Monday tho 23rd
inst., when ho spoko -*on the relations
between capital and labor. Personally
I am not a member of tho Canadian
Club. But so far as I know this club
doea not represent labor, and I question vory much if a genuine laborer con
bo found amongst its membors. There*
fore it must follow as a natural
sequence that this must be a capitalistic club, composed for tho most part of
people who livo and grow fat upon tho
blood and toil of the workers ,(tho
wago slaves). Sir John Willison, I
understand, is chairman of thc Canadian Reconstruction Association, an association, I prosoumc, of capitalists,
profiteers, slave owners,. otc, who in
order to make their position moro
secure for the future on tho old
economic lines hnve put thoir heads
together for two specific objects. First,
to fool the workers ns usual; socond,
to accomplish tho impossible, i.e., hor*
monizo capital with labor. You might
os well try to harmonize truth with
falsehood or light with darkness. It
simply can't be done. Sir John would
have the workers believe that capital
must have the same consideration as
labor, although it must bo patent to
cveryono with an ounce of groy matter in his headpiece that capital is of
no vulue whatover, but only a medium
of exchange. It eau produco nothing
of itself. Therefore it is not entiled
to any consideration whatover from
the workers. Take away tho incentive
to profit or gain and you at once destroy the power of capital. In past ages
ns well as in tho immediate present
capital has been used more in tho
work of destruction than that of con
struction, and its destructive power
has now almost converted the wholo
world into a charnnl house. Capital
being an instrument of destruction
more than that of construction, according to the supremo law of Nature (tho
relation of cause to effect), it was
bound eventually to destroy itsolf, and
if it has not already done so it will
most assuredly do so in the near futuro,
despite all thc verbiage, all tho palaver,
aU the hot-air and nonsense of an effete
nrifltocracy of wealth, who have fattened and battened upon the blood nnd
toil of thc workers they have plundered and robbed. And yet they hnvo
the callous audacity to tell the workers thot capital must be shown every
consideration. After rending the
speech of Sir John Willison as reported, in the press I have no hesitation in saying that ho is ono of the
old brigade, one of the old school of
economics. Therefore the workers
need never hope to receive the full reward of tlieir labors from him' or the
likes of him.
Thc worker will nover be satisfied
with anything less than all thnt he
produces. Sir John can believe it or
not. This is a fundamental truth
a truth that will stand firm for all
time. I observe that Sir John, like
mnny moro of his kind, loves to quote
Scripture in his speeches, When he
says, "If you lovo Me, keop My commandments," why did he not add moro
to it nnd say right out, "Slaves, bo
obedient unto your masters"? Who
has the legitimate right to command
another to do nnything? Who has
given him the authority? Sir John
says that lovo wns tho final motive of
au rights, and without whieh society
crumbled.' This word "lovo" needs
ono qualification. It is capable ol'
many definitions. No doubt the insects
or parasites which suck and feed upon
my life blood love mo intensely. But
unfortunately 1 cannot love thom,
find it quite impossible for mo to love
my enemies. The fact Is, thero is too
much love in the world at tho prosont
time, nnd one of tho groatost of thom
ull is the love of exploitation. And
wo arc blessed or cursed with many
otlier varieties, such as tho lovo of
womnn, the love of wenlth, tho love of
fame, and more especially tho love of
ease, In fnct there is no ond of lovo,
It is us vast as time and space..
Bir John very gracefully referred
in his great, speech (?) to what hns
been accomplished on behalf of tho
workers by John D. Rockofoller at the
mines in Colorado. But ho omitted to
mention the fact that many innocent
employees, including women nnd
children, were murdered in cold blood
(By J. S. Woodsworth)
"What a simple question! Mother
and Mary, of courso!" But is the
quostion so simplo and are you sure you
have told about all tho people who
helped? Where did the Sunday tablecloth como from? What is it made of!
And where was it mado? And who
helped to bring it to tho tablo? Thon
thoso knives and forks wore not always in the sideboard drawer. Seo the
trade mark—from Sheffield. The stool,
who knowB whero it camo from? Then
mother's best china set—China? Yes,
hundreds of years ago Cinnamon
learned how to mako pottery. Thon
Europoon pcoplos found out how to
mako it moro beautiful. Hundreds of
them helped. And that silver butterdish ; woll, whoro docs ailvor come
from? And who learned to work it?
And who designod that pattern?
But what did wo havo to oat? Tinned
salmon? You know whoro that camo
from. Did you over soe them making
tho tins? And where did tho tin como
from? And bread and potatoes and
tea and salt and poppor. Now for a
geography lesson. Whoro did they all
come from?
Yes, tons of thousands of pooplo all
ovor this world helped to sot tho table.
Somo of thom are dead many yoars ago.
Somo of the black pooplo and yellow
pooplo work vory hard and nover sit
down to a tablo at all. Somo of the
whito children who work in tho sugar-
boot fields hardly got any schooling
or play.
Wo all sit down to tho table and
thore is enough for all in tho family.
Even little Jack, who isn't old onough
to help, ato as much pic as anyone.
But how can we pay tho thousauds who
helped? How is it arranged that they
aro paid? Should pooplo who do not
holp in any way to prepare the. tablo
always sit down and havo a good meal?
Ycb, you would feel ashamed to do
that. Each, as soon as ho is able, must
do his part in tho world's work. Then
thoro will bo enough for two helpings
all aroundl *
Course for Boys and Girls
1. Who Set the Dinner-table?
Tho many who holp us—Our parti n
the world's work.
2. The Age of Homespun.
Primitivo industries—Production for
3. Making Clothes and Wearing Them.
Producors not always consumers-
Masters and servants — Exchango
and exploitation.
3. The. Oreat Inventors. *
Awkwright, Stevenson, Davry, etc.
5. Harnessing Water and Steam.
Tho   industrial  ' revolution—Grontor
output—Tools of production in hands
of tho fow.
The Fight with the Machine.
Tho Factory Acts—Wagea and conditions of work—Woman and child
7. The Oreat Reformers.
Ball, Shaftesbury, Owen, etc.
8. Learning to Live Together.
Lifo in a modern city—Living in,
closo quarters—Co-operation.
9. New Rulers.
Kings nnd barons displaced by money
kings, princes of financo, railroad
10. Team Play and Team Work.
The principles and history of Trados
11. In Union is Strength.
The lnbor movement—Political Developments.
12. The Story of a Piece of Coal.
Who owns our notional resources?
13. Discovering Nature's Secrets.
Modern   science—Its   spirit—Evolution,
14. The Oreat Scientists.
Darwift, Huxley, Pasteur, Burbank,
15. The Story of a Loaf of Bread.
. Social production involves social
ownership nnd control,
16. Studying the Social Machine.
17. The Oreat Socialists.
Marx—History of Socialism.
18. My Rubber Boots and Their History.
Backward countries—Exploitation —
19. Overcoming Distance,
Transportation and communication.
20. A Day on the Waterfront.
World markets—World organization.
21. World   Neighborhood and   World
War and peace—Internationalism.
22. "Before Adam."
The descent nnd ascent of man.
23. Where the Baby Came From.
The miracle of life—Sex instruction.
24. Many Hinds of Homes.
Animals—Primitive   man—Polygamy
—Position of woman—Comradeship.
25. Slavery—Old and New.
Chattel — Serfdom — Industrial —
26. "To an Unknown Ood."
Primitive  religions—Judaism—Christianity—Modern Conceptions.
27. Oreat Religious Leaders.
■Testis—Wycliff—St.  Francis.
28. City Housekeeping.
City departments—Everybody's business is each body's business.
29. The Best Citizens.
Thos who exploit or thoso who servo
—Test various occupations.
30. Parasites.
Vegetable, animal, human.
31. Tiny Tims.
Tho sick and neglected and oppressed—Philanthropic institutions—
Removal of cause.
32. My Country.
True patriotism.   **,
33. The Big Family.'
The co-oporativo commonwealth.
"The destiny of the future lies with
the youth—the children of today, the
citizens of tomorrow. If tho young
people of this generation grow great
and good, fearless and intelligent,
future society will profit by it. If
they are neglected, warped in body and
erippled in intellect, the socioty of the
future must suffer the result	
Every young man and woman, overy
buy and every girl should join this
young movemont and lay the fullest
measure of self-sacrifice and ability
upon its altar of social servico, to tho
end thnt ttie world may bo n froe and
happy dwelling place for all mankind."
—The Young Socialists' Magazine.
We Have Planned To Do the Big Business in
Men's Coat Sweaters
We bought some Of them more than a year ago, so that there
would be no shortage, and to make sure we would get the quality you require. At every price we offer the best Coat on this
market.  Instances:
$12.50—Jumbo knit, pure English Wool Coat; "Pride of the
West" manufacture; no better coat at any priee; heaviest
$9.75—Close-knit; a warm, heavy weight Coat that will
prove wonderfully serviceable.
$7.75—"Pride of the West" Coat; medium weight; pure
wool; a very satisfactory garment.
$6.75—"Pride of the West" Coat; light weight, pure wool,
close knit for hard wear. This is last year's coat at last year's
$3.95—Well finished Coat in clean, tight, worsted yarn;
Cardigan knit; will give splendid wear.
$5.50—Pure Wool Coat; medium weight; exceptionally good
The above Coats havo roll collar and are here in thc colors
men require.   Less expensive coats at $2.95 and $3.50
—Men's Store, Main Floor
Extremists Win in Norway
It seems, according to correspondence
published in tho Christian Science Mon*
itor, that the Extremists have at last
won control of tho Socialist Party in
Norway. In tho convontion of last October they had been beaten, A Syndicalist proposal to approvo of sabotage
and obstruction was defeated by 200 to
79, a proposal to striko against mill'
tary sorvico was dofeated 174 to 80,
and a proposal |or preparations for a
general strike was dofeatod 208 to 71,
The convention hold during Eastor
wook reversed all this. A proposal regarding military sorvico in line with
tho previous attitude of the party was
defeated by 149 to 90, and in its stead
a proposal oxpreBsing sympathy with
tho striko againBt such service, without, howover, taking immediate action,
was adopted by a large majority. By a
large majority also it was decided to
co-operate with the extremist Swedish
Socialist faction and with tho Zimmor-
waldians, tho supporters of tho "peaco
by conciliation'' programme adopted at
tho conference at Zimmerwald in 1915.
The old officers' of the party thereupon refused to accept re-election, and
Extremists wore elected in their places,
Mr. Lian, the former chairman, explained that ho would continue to act as
chairman of the Associated Trade
Unions, but would rofuso to take any
responsibility for tho actions of the
party organization. Kyrre Grep, an
"Intellectual" of tho victorious faction, was thon elected, by 100 Votes to
101 blank voteB. -
The political situation in Norway is
regarded as grave, by reason of this
development; it happens, however, according to tho authority quoted, that
following their victory the Extremists
havo becomo loss violent in thoir expressions. Mr. Scheflo, th-e now editor
of tho Socialdomokraten, statos that tho
party would continue working on the
old linoB, but as "tho undoubted fighters for a class,''
first. and third Thursdays. Executive
board: President, E. Winch; vloe-presi-
dent, J. Kavanagh; aeeretary and buetneu
agent, V. B. Mldgley; treasurer, P. Knowles:
sergeant-at-arma, J. F. Poole; trustees, J.
H. MoYety, J. Hubble, A. J. Crawford W
A.  Pritchard.
by the hired thugs of tho Rockefeller
interestB before anything could bo dono
to remedy matters at tho Colorado
So much for the sacred rights of
capital, the sacred rights of ancient
authority, tho sacred right of might
against right. Ono and ono only merits
my contempt, whom crimes gavo
wealth aud wealth gaVc impudence.
Frntomally yours,
Longshoremen's Auxiliary.
Soptembor 24th, 1018.
Meets second Monday In the month. President,   Geo.  Bartley;  aeeretary,  B.  H.  Nee-
lands,  P.O.  Box *°
tional Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meots socond and fonrth Tuesdays in the
month, Room 205, Labor Tomple. Preaident,
U h. Herrltt; secretary, 3. H. Grant, 920
Cambie Street.
No, 617—Meets every socond and fonrth
Monday evening, -fi o'clock, Labor Tomple.
President, M. McKenzie; financial eecretary,
G. Thom, 0 Dufferln Street East; recording
secretary, J. R. Campbell; business agent,
Walter Thomas, Room 208 Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7495.
and Iron Ship Bnllder^ and Helpera oi
America, Vancouver Lodge No, 194—Meeta
every Monday, 8 p.m. Prosldent, M. A. Mo-
-Lachern, 12*15 Alberni St.; secretary-treasurer, Angus Fraser, 1151 Howe St.; buiineu
•gent, L. Cummina, Room 212 Labor Temple.
Loal 28—Meets every firBt Wednesday in
the month at 2.30 p.m. and every third
Wednesday in tho month at 9.80 p.m. President, Harry Wood; secretary and business
Wont, W. Mackenzie. Room 209 Labor Temple. Phone Sey. 1681. Offloe houra: 11 to
12 noon;  2  to 5  p.m.
Operating Engineers, Looal No, 620—
Meets every Monday, 7.80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, J. R. Flynn, 810 Moodla
streot, Now Westminster; vice-president, D.
Hodges; seoretary-treasurer and business
agent, W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor
Temple.    Phone Sey. 7-495.
—Meots ln Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. Prosldent, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell Street; recording
socretary, W. Foulkes, Labor Templo; financial secrotary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple; assist-
ant secretary, F. B. Burrows.
Trying to remember telephone numbers
is one of life's must futile strivings.
■> Always consult your telephono dinectory
—do not trust to your memory for numbers, lt takes only ton or twelve seconds
to mnke suro—ten or twelve seconds
spent as nn insurance ngainst delay nnd
inconvenience.       •
Tho very first requirement of effective
telephone service Is thnt the directory be
consulted  before  calling.
B. 0. Telephone Company, Ltd.
sooiatfon, Local 8852—Office and hall, 804
Pender Streot West. Meets overy Friday,
8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business agent,  A. Reod.
(Marine Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headqunrters, 152 Cordova East.
Moots flrst and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Seeretary-trensurer, E. Winch; business
again, J. W. Whltely.
Butchor Workmen'a Union, No. 648—Meets
first and third Tuesdays of each montb,
Labor Templo, 8 p. m. President, Chas. P.
Muggins; recording secretary, J. Summers;
financial secretary and buslnesi agent, T. W.
Anderson, 587 Homer street.
Opposlto Labor Tempi*
—Headquarters for Labor Men—
Rstes—75o and $1.00 per day.
$4.00 per week and up.
Oaf* Al iMMUUt Btttt
America (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branoh meets second and fourth Mondays,
Boom 204, Labor Temple. President, J.
Banforth, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood East;
flnancla] secretary and business agent, H. 8.
Nightscalei, 276—66th Ave East, South Vancouvor; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247 Point Grey road. Phone Bay-
view 2979L.
Refined Servioe
One Block weat of Court Houie.
Uie of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymou 8488
Shaving Soap
in any country
Prodded i Fine Creamy Latter
tnd Dom Not Dry on tie Pace
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cuke
Manufactured ln Brltlih Columbia
Riggors, I, L. A., Local Union 38A, Series
6—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, J.
N. Boult; financial secretary, M. A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding secretary,
W. Lee. Ofllce, Room 219-220, Labor
ployt.es, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell;
treaiurer, E. S. Cleveland; recording iecretary ,A. V. Lofting, 2661 Trinity street.
Phono High. 168R; flnanclal secretary and
business agent, Fred. A, Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, ofllce oorner Prior and Main streets.
fours Union, Local No. 655—Meeta every
2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m. Presidont,
w. M. Brown; busineu agent, J. F, Poole,
245—19th Avo. East. Phone Fair. 2109X.
Financial secretary, Bert Showier, 1120
Robson St. Phone Sey. 5679. Offlce, 587
Homer St.
last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m. President, R. Marshall; vice-president, W. H.
Jordan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands,
Box 66.
annual eonvention tn January. Eiecutive
officers, 1918-19: President, Dnnoan McCallum, Labor Temple, Vancouver; vice-presidents—Vancouvor Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prince
Rupert, W. E. Thompson; Vancouver, E.
Winch, W. B. Trotter; New Westminster, P.
Peebles; Welt Kootenay, Marcus Martin,
Nelson; Crows Nest Pass, W. A, Sherman,
Fernle. Secretary-treasurer, A. 8. Weill,
Labor Temple, 406 Dunemulr atreet, Vancouver, B. 0.
Labor Council—Meets first and third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias HaU, North
Park street, at 8 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vice-president, T, Dooley; secretary-
treasurer, Christian Siverts, P. 0. Box 802,
Victoria, B. C.
LOOAL UNION, No. 872, U. M. W. of A.-
Meets flrst Sunday In every month 8 p.m.,
Richards Hall. President, Jas, Bateman;
vice-president, Andrew Parker; recording
secretary, Jas. Fearon; flnanolal seoietary,
William MacDonald; treaiurer, 3. H. Richardson.  __
Couneil—Meeta aecond and fonrth Tuesdays of each month, In Carpenters' hall.
President, fl. D. Macdonald; secretary, W. E,
Thompson, Box 978, Prlnee Bupert, B. 0.
SET. 7408
AFTER 6 p.m.—SET. 7497K FBIDAT...
...September 27, 1918
Men's Slip On Overcoats
Reg. $27.50 Values for $15.95
A small line that our buyer
picked up in the East at a
price concession, hence this
very low price, which should
dear them in a few hours.
Made of good quality fashionable tweeds, in attractive
patterns. Some are lined
throughout, others are quarter lined in plain or raglan
shoulder effects. You'll like
their smart appearance, and
the chance of saving $11.00
on a coat is mostfr f E QC
alluring. f I W.UV
Boys' Bloomer Suits
Values to $15 for $9.95
These* are the kind of Suits the
boys cannot go through in a hurry.
Built from hard-wearing tweeds,
and extra strong throughout; the
bloomers are lined, and have the
new adjustable fasteners; there
are many smart tweed patterns
from which to select, and the styles
are the new belted and novelty
Norfolks. You save manydollars
on these splendid suits in the Boys'
New Clothing Department. Special for	
Canada Pood Board Licenses 5-1482, 8-14590,10-4435,11-163
Mli^lttdson'sBauCompanji. W
\^*\J ^^ laaaaMsana  i»»     mffltwr i smmimT nana t-jnwmtm '  ^—^
Granville and Georgia Streets
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
...$ 25,000,000
....$ 14,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits. „ $ 15,000,000
Total Assets $360,000,000
518 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and British Weit
Also branches in London, England, New York Oity and Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branches in Vanconver:
•Main Offlce—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Comer Granville and Seventh Avenue West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Tew Street.
Corner Bighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 other points
in British Columbia.
One dollar opens an account, os which inferos, ia paid holf-j*early at
current ratea.
Manager Vancouver Branoh
O. W. JFBAZEE, Vanconver,
Supervisor for B.O.
rreah Ont Flowera, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouijueta, Pot Planta, Ornamental and Shade Treea, Seeds, Bulhs, Florists' Sundrios
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East, Sey. 988-672 — 728 Oranvllle Street, Ser 9518
Woman and the War
NLY a few years ago tbe women*health aud morals must suffer.  All this
fj of this Dominion asked for tbe
ballot and were refused it flatly.
A cbange'bas occurred sinco then; now
they are entitled to the Federal and
provincial both, in all but three provinces, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Quebec. Out of self-protection or self-respect, these three provinces will have to follow in line. This
revolution has not been confined to
Canada, it iB practically world wide.
War is the great lever which has
turned woman, body and soul, out of
home into the industrial and political
arena to scramble as best she could,
unorganized, untrained and unrepresented.
Tho ballot was handed to her witb
but littlo to-do. Certainly a few
women put up a determined flght but
tho masses of women at no timo, and
at no place, were with them, eo that
it would bo wrong to conclude that
woman's political emancipation came
about solely through thoir own efforts
and desire for freedom. Greater forcos
aro at work carving tho pathway out
of the human jungle over which tho
woman of the future will .travel.
It could not bo expected that woman
would havo any great desire for freodom. She was enslaved without knowing it. Sho accepted hor situation
meekly as the will of Ood, and man.
She was born and roarod in subjection. Her mother beforo her wore tho
badge and emblem of humility and
servitude. She was held as a species
of property along with chattels, animals and real estate, created as the
Hebrews tell us, "Solely for the plea-
suret of man," but "man was croated
for tho glory of God." Potruchio in
the "Taming of tho Shrow" expresses
the idea when he says, "I will bo master of what is mino own. She is my
goods, my chattels, she is my house,
my household stuff, my barn and so
forth." ThiB conception of woman's
status and placo is also expressed in
the marriage service when somo male
relative must be thore to answer the
question, "Who gives this woman
away?" Thus it will bo seen for ages,
church and state were ono in thoir laws,
and teachings of woman's subjection,
montal and spiritual inferiority. Even
today in moat churches sho cannot sit
and voto in thoir councils, or bo or
dainod as a ministor. May wo wonder
then, at woman's conservatism and
lack of militant social forco?
"Her very chains and she grow frienda,
So much a long communion tends,
To mako us what we are."
Taste is the Test
Of the Drinks that are Best
Because they are equal or better tban any other similar products, let
tbem come from where tbey may
Cascade Beer
Alexandra Stout
Silver soda Water
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
The unfortunate and tragic part of
tho wholo story is, that while ono end
of the chain was fastened around hor
neck, tho other end was securely tight-
oner around tho man's ankle, and so
blinded was he by his supposed freodom and superiority, ho nover detected
the fact of his own slavery. She
brought after her kind, and judging
from the conditions of the world today
no thinking man or woman can* point
with pride to tho rosult. Nover at any
time did sho allow man to go far
afield; commercially yes, but mentally
and spiritually they are both slaves,
and must remain so until woman is
Tho war is tho great anvil on which
tho Blavo-chain is being brokon. On
tho wheel of eternal chango, whether
ho will, or sho will not, both aro boing
hurled into tho groat molting pot to be
beaten, battered , bruised and remoulded into a now humanity, nearer
the desiro of tho new ago now winging
its way into tho minds and souls of
mankind tho world ovor. Ono remark-
ablo fact during this war is, that although women havo been uprooted
bodily from their anciont traditions
and occupations, they do not apparently realizo the vast changes taking
place and how these changes aro bound
to affect thom. Individually hore and
there a woman has spoken. Collectively
thoy have not with any degree of intelligent social perception of causo and
effect. Men, too for tho most part
havo loft this very important subject
to take care of itself, yet thore is no
subject moro important, not oven war
Mighty aro the changes wrought
through war in the world of man, but
mightier by far thoso taking place,in
tho world of woman. It muy not seem
logical to soparato tho world of man
and woman, but since woman bears,
moulds and nurtures tho race, and must
continuo to do bo, what affects her and
the unborn' generations is basic and
fundamental: a thousand times more
important than man's mechanical inventions and material enterprises,
These, important as thoy are, aro but a
meana to an ond. Tho end is raco bet-
torment, lifo moro beautiful and abundant. If this is not so, then creation
is a ghastly horror nnd tho gentlo art
of slaughter, rupo and plunder is a
fitting ideal to follow. "Rest and prepare and riso and kill again," a fittng
motto to bo engraven on tho heart of
every child, so that wo will bo sure of
making tho job as perfect as possible
noxt timo. Tho string tying woman
for centuries to man through convention, tradition, economic depcudoneo
and law has suddenly been severed.
She finds herself afloat iu tho great
oceun of lifo but not alone. There also
are others of hor sex; and her men
folk an well, all in wild competition
against her . Industrially she is Untrained, although always taking pnrt
to some degree in occupations outside
the home. She hus mostly been undei;
the direction of men, hired, fired and
exploited by tbem. Industrially and
sexually she has, uud is, being exploited to the bono, yet sho fears organisation ns she fours tho sting of un
udder. Industrially sho represents n
huge unorganized muss, a hindrance to
organized labor.
Less than a century ago sho had entered only seven occupations. Today
sho is competing successfully agninst
men in nil industries, aavo six or soven.
sueh us killing animals, hanging men.
driving locomotives, chimney sweeping
nnd cJombing poles. Tho war has ac*
centuatcd and driven her by thousands
into evory industry. Sho is making
herself felt, unfortunately at presont
neither for her own or humanity's good.
This she must realize, but men, too,
must help her to seo it. Now sho sells
her labor for less wages thun men, she
works longer hours and rnrcly complains about abominable sanitary conditions. She does not hesitate to take
men's places when thoy are fighting
for better conditions. By reducing
wages, she lowers the standard of
I home, sending mothers out of thc homes
to work, young girls on to the streets
and children out of tho school into the
fuctory. Through taking men's plnces
she enables employors to dilute labor
and destroy trade unionism. Through
long hours and had sanitary conditions,
she does, but unknowingly from lack
of .experience and fear of losing her
job, and from this point of view is a
load on the back of the labor movement.
Labor cannot shake off this load. It
must be borne until women are organized and politically represented.
Women are in industry to stay. The
question is, how much longor are men
going to keep closed their organizations and allow employers to use
women againBt them. This is tho question labor organizations must kelp
War has taken tho last vestige of
feminity from women. They are now
registered, tagged and pigeon-holed at
Ottawa tho same as the men, to be in
readiness when tho necessity arises for
tho industrial draft. They have been
literally handed the trousers and told
to be ready to man tho street cars, the
farms, mines and factories, thus capital has passed one moro mill stone in its
final exit.
Tho mainstay of the nation is tho
home. Woman cannot serve two masters, mammon and the race. It was
novor intended that women should bear
tho children and work as mon do in
industry. What effoct this is having
and will havo on future generations
is now to aome extent being mado very
clear. Already thero aro indications
that this industrial rovolution is not a
boon to mankind. Child delinquincy is
increasing enormously everywhere from
snitch causes, we aro told, as relaxed
parental authority, high prices of food
and low wages, the latter driving
mothers out of the home to earn their
children's bread. War iB taking the
father, school and labor laws are re*
laxed, the children are on the streets,
uneducated, undisciplined and undernourished. The result is an increase
of child dolinquincy, a lowering of the
Doctors tell us that tho birth rate is
falling and that tho childron born are
undersized, that' there is an enormous
increase in premature births an'd that
mothers are unable to nurse their
children. War ia laying tho axe at the
root of tho family treo, whilo the war
has taken something liko four million
lives, starvation haB claimed almost fivo
millions of tho civil population. Undoubtedly tho greater number of theso
aro women and children. Yot in spite
of theso facts, statesmen and ministers
of tho gospel are calling loudly to
women to bo patriotic, '' bear more
children, bo fruitful and multiply
Fortunately women are doveloping a
mind of their own on this matter and
will have something definite to say'
whon tho war ia over.
Morally and socially how has tho
war affected her? Social and war
workers, magistrates and ministers are
at thoir wits end trying to cope with
the girl problem. Most of them frankly
confess it's boyond them. Every moral
restriction, convention and ordinary
safeguard are cast aside and girls are
as free as men to select their friends,
their pleasures and their occupations
at all houra, night and day, in all sorts
of places, hotel concerts, picture shows,
theatres and restaurants, accompanied
by women or men as tho case may be,
going whore they will, taking plcasurcB
as thoy will, and carrying their latchkeys as a matter of courso. She works
in all sorts of places with all sorts of
men, doing all kinds of work, and woe
betido tho person so antiquated ns to
quostion thoir right to their own lives,
and to como and go as they please.
What began in many cases as a patrio-
tico duty is now looked upon as a
right. Boturncd mon flnd that their
wives havo doveloped a strong sense
of independence and do not obey as
meekly us bofore.
Industrial and othor diseases mainly
duo to war bear hoavily on tho woman
aftor tho mon como from tho battlo-
flolds. Womon will havo to turn out
to earn tho living, and help to nurse
back to health and sanity thoir returned heroes. Tho childron born will
in many cases bo below par. Millions
of marriageable girls will not be ablo
to flnd mates. WiU they be content
with single blessedness rather than run
tho risk of marrying an invalid and
accepting tho consequences? Millions
of women have had a taste of economic
freodom. Women who nover onjoyod a
steady income while their husbands
wore at home, will thoy be content to
go back to tho old systom of unemployment and uncertainty?
Politically war hus thrown woman
holtor skelter into politicB. Politicians
havo played upon her omotions rather
than on her intellect. No mattor how
sho votes, she is bound to bo cursed
and ridiculed by tho leading party. It
will bo unjust to judgo hor under theso
circumstances and in timo of war when
fow con think clearly ortscc straight.
Yesterday she voted from sentiment,
or for party, tomorrow sho will use
hor intelligence and deurly-bought experiences and voto for principles, not
purty. Woman is naturally politically
minded; for this reason, sho. will
quickly develop a genius for reforms
uud legislation tending toward human
betterment. This is but natural since
ut the ri.sk of hor own life uud sacrifices she perpelnates the race. She
Will make her blunders but she will
not continuo long to do so. Where
would the working man bo without hlfl
women folk? Could he run a home
und family as his wifo does on his
wages? Publie financing ia but child's
play as compared with feeding, clothing, education uud maintaining the
standards of health nud decency on n
working man's wages in these days of
oxhorbftant prices. The waste and
corruption in publio financing is appalling. If women run their homes with
as little sense and as poor economy us
men do the nation's business, where
would the nation lie? After all,
broadly speaking, women bear, remand keej) the nation going. If the
working man's wife mnkes such u good
job of running his home (and sho does)
why not ask her advice and help in the
larger home keeping, trades unions
and politics.
War is hilling her from all angles.
She realizes the power of legislation
aa nevor before. The state cun now
commandeer the lives of her husband,
-suns and brothers anil flu? labor of her
daughters. The babe nt her breast is
no longer hers. The slare ean dictate
the quality and quantity of food she
Shalt give hor family, ttl
education of her childron Withiuf ask
ing her leave. She realizes as never
before the power that rents in governments, tho menning of an order-in-
council, its effect on her home and
loved ones, and is determined to have
her say in these important matters
which vitally affect her home and happiness. Sho tins sufforod severely, and
will continue to suffer long after the
cannons cease to roar-mid drums cease
[By Bobert Hunter]
Sometimes one sees a great building
supported by columns fashioned like
tho giant figures of human forms.
And across the massive shoulders of
theso men is an entablature on which
rests the structure.
In Greek these men were called At-
Iantes, which is merely the plural for
Atlas, who was one of the older family of gods and bore up the pillars of
It used to be very common in formal
architecture to placo these two giant
figures at each side of a great doorway.
It is not easy to learn now all that
the ancients meant to tell by those
Nearly everything they did was symbolic and it is possiblo they meant to
typify by those figures labor bearing
tho burden of the world.
And indeed when we think of what
labor has dono for the world it seems
incredible that it should bo so despised.
It seems beyond belief that those
who produce food, clothing and shelter
for the entire world,—for themsolves
and for all others—should bo still condemned to poverty and Insecurity.
It seems impossible that a great
class, numbering a vast majority of the
population, toiling day and night to
produce all tho necessaries and all tho
luxuries of the world should yet themselves live from day to day a dread,
uncertain existence.
Is it only a nightmare that these
men who solvo the problems of our
material existence should today be the
problem of philanthropists and alms
Can anything bo more weird tban
that men of fashion,,of wealth and of
loisuro should form their boards, committees and charities to solve the problems of theso poor!
Is it not strange that in the midst
of a vast wealth, of great estates, palaces, cathedrals, sky scrapers and marble shops,, of silks, satins, jewels and
laces which these Atlantos have produced that the great mass of these
working giants should be ever on the
verge of misory?
Thoy take trains across continents
evory day and night.
They cut the ties, lay the rails, build
the Pullmans,, dig the coal and then
seo to it that the trains run. «
Thoy plow the fields, plant the seed,
grow tho harvest, make the grain into
flour and into dough and into bread
aud they tako it from the oven and
bring it to tho door.
They heard sheep on tho lonely hillsides. Thoy cut and wash tho wool and
comb it and spin it and weavo it into
cloth. Thoy then cut it and sew it
and bind it and bring it to tho door.
And these millions of Atlantes bear
alt tho burdens of the world, run
through all dangers, risk their lives in
mines, stand beforo flaring furnaces
and produco all tho coal, the iron and
tho steel.
These men quarry the stone, cut the
forests, take tho wood and stone andl
iron and fashion out of them our palaces. And what have they at the end!
Need we aak?
Evon the kindergartens and nurseries for. the babies are a problem to
tho rich.
The rich form boards to study how
to clean the streets, to make sanitary
the houses and to light -rooms in which
the workers live.
To care for their hungry babies and
to provido for their "old ago is a prob
lorn to the rich.
Thc idlo, tho fashionable and tho
leurned busy themselves with charities,
troublo themselves with boards to provido for tho weak and holpless dependents of the working class.
Sometimes when ono thinks of tho
burdens borne by tho workers, even the
burdens of tho idlors that pretend to
holp thom and then of tho misery that
is theirs all this alms giving and charity and philanthropy arouses only bitterness und resontmunt.
For tho poor not only provide the
idlers with rent, interest and profit;
thoy oven send their sons and daughtors in tho homes of those idlers to
prcparo their bathB, to shave them, to
brush their clothes, to wash their hair,
to cook their food and to clean away
their dirt.
Yet thcBC very ones, who arc cared
for like babies by cooka, butlers, footmen, valets and waiting maids, are
looked upon as philanthropists and
rush off to their boards and committees in tho mad belief that they are
trying to solvo tho problems of the
poor.—Toledo  Union Leader.
Bought 50 Pianos
In entering these tho Socretary of this extensive organization writes:
"The musical export to whom wo entrusted the task of selecting pianos
for us, alter careful investigation, reports moat favorably of tbe Ball;
you will therefore outer an order for
Kocli instrument to contain tho "ILLIMITABLE QUICK REPEATING
This order was token in faco of the most strenuous competition of
other Canadian manufacturers, and given solely on the superior merits
of the BELL PIANO.
purchasers a rare opportunity for comparison and selection.
Montelius Piano House
Insure Your Teeth
—protect younelf against pain, trouble and expense from
them during the coming Fall weather.
Let mo examine them. As an export I can tell you whether they
aro sound or whether defects oxist which aro liable to dovolop to
an acute stage when tho weather changes.
If you are pressed for timo phono Soymour 3331 and mako an appointment for the examination.
Dr. Brett Anderson
drown ud Bridge Spodilltt
M8 Hastings Btreet West, Oor. Seymonr
Offlco open Tuosday and Friday Evenings until 8 o'Olock
X-Bay aims un.-* if n.cu-
sary;   ton-par   inarantMs
Bm-inattons made on
phone appointments.
Patronize B. O. Foderationist advertisers and tell them why you do so,
m. Ten or more members of any trades union in Canada may
' 50 have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
,ww       addresses at the rate of $1.25 per year.
Another big organization campaign!much for tho local labor causo in that
on behalf of tho international trades | ei ty, will co-operate with A. Bastion,
union movoment in Montreal is about tho newly appointed A. F. of L. or-
to bo launched, and Messrs. Alarie,jganizcr, to get a numbor of tho tin-
Wall ond Laflammo, who havo dono so | organized crafts into lino.
to call to battlo.
Labor must awaken to the placo
and power of women. Too long they
have been used agninst them industrially. Labor must seo to it that
woman's new-found weapon, fhe Ballot,
is not likewise used to further enslave
them. This is a mighty power and will
bo coveted by all parties. The vote
of tho working men and women are
in the overwhelming majority. It depends how it is east where labor will
stand aftor tlio war ami under what
conditions they uud theirs shall live, or
it' they shall live at all. There is no
uso telling woman thnt home is her
plnce. Sho is out of it, and like
humpty-dumpty, nil the king's horses
and the lung's men cannot put her buck
again until this system is changed and
home is a very different thing from
what -it is today.
Woman is the ivoak link in the Indus-
Iriu' elmin, the mill stone which will
not allow labor to rise. When labor
realizes this fact, und not until then,
will lnhor organizations progress and
attain political supremacy now that
women have lho vote.
Labor must open wide the industrial
and political doors nud invito womnn
to enter us un equul. Who is half the
human nice und mother of the other
Imlt. The moral force lying dormant
within hor und anxious for expression
is tremendous. A force which the
world itf men must reckon with. Tho
war lias lot this force loose nnd is
using It In a short while il will see
new worlds to conquer. 11' Imnu-ssed
ou tlie side of the musses tugothor men
uud women will usher in n world fit
for fhe children of mnn, mnde in the
imagfl of God. They will rid flu; world
lothing and [of the hell wliich now reigns. Unless
womnn nrises in nil her might and
grapples Intelligently wilh the terrific
forces of destruction now ut work, in
limes of pence us well as in wnr times,
there is no hope, The nice will sink
lower in the scnle of humun doprnvlty.
The spiritual power of mankind, nnd
Ihe instinct of race protection, will
never allow the forces of darkness In
conquer fogothor, We will build anew.
—Canadian RdiTrondor.
B "The Home of Good Shoes"
649 Hastings, w. neargranvillc.
A $6 Work Boot
that will stand
the "Gaff"-
In placing our orders with a big Eastern
factory for this boot, our instructions were,
"Spare no expense, we want this boot to represent a value that will build goodwill with
the working man." The result is a boot with
a pliable, well-seasoned calf upper, double
hand-sewn sole running through to a solid
leather heel.   In brown or black.
A $9 Dress Boot
that has quality,
style and fit—
A boot designed for men whose shoe experience has proven the necessity of determining the value of a boot by the number of
days satisfactory wear it will give for each
dollar invested, and not by its first cost.
Built on two lasts —one has the wide toe
which furnishes absolute ease—the other is
the popular English last with recede toe,
square shank and low flat heel. In brown
and black. 0—m^^™
FRIDAY September 27, j
The Pioneer Union Store
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Men's Underwear in
Light and Heavy Weights
Our stock comprises all the high quality makes,
and under our "Right Selling Plan," which stands
for better values, the prices are very reasonable.
Elastic rib garment $1.25 and $1.75
Combinations, per suit $2.50 and $3.50
Fine quality ribbed wool, per garment $2.75
Combinations, per suit $5.50
English, per garment	
Combinations, per suit ,
English, extra quality, per garment $5.00 and $7.00
Combinations, per suit $10.00 and $14.00
"Union made Overalls," pair...
When Parasitic Life
Attempts to Legislate
(Continued from page 1)
tho master-class wero dominated by
anarchistical ideas which wero decades
out of date. Thoro had been a school
which held tho view that if thero were
evils then some person was responsible
and that the evils of socioty were duo
to the evils of govornment. Several
instances wore given from history^ to
show that this might havo at ono time
had some justifications, when groat
chieftains wore killed and thoir armies
melted away as a rosult of their
death."   This was so no longor—tho
What's in a Name?
To vaulevUle the word "0rph.um"
SIMM tbe best ln tb. world—to Van-
* couver tbe
Orpheum Cafe
m«uu th» belt eating place In town;
music ud dancing in tbe evening.
Drop ln any time. Biggest union
turns* ln Vancouver.
702  GBAHVILLE        Opp.   Orplieum
License No. 10-1756
individual removed from Bociety mattered littlo to society, yot tho employing classes still wore imbued with anarchistic ideas and when agitated they
roachod out for what they termed
"leaders" and askod for their heads.
Tho workers wero not making any such
mistakes. They realized that economic
conditions were the determining factor.
Why was tho returned soldier called
a "problem"? Because to one class
in society thore is quostion as to how
they will bo able in the futuro to get
a profit out of him. Their problem is
how can they still continue to exploit
him. Ho may even be found to have
an idea that he fought for some country or other and then determine that
thc country he fought for is really his.
Ninety-five per eent. of the soldiers are
working men and it is th'e knowledge
that these forces are uniting for a better state of society which constitutes
the problom for those who havo lived
by exploitation made possible by
economic ignorance.
General Teamsters, Victoria.
Tho Bakers Drivers in Victoria havo
secured a closed shop agreement and
and increase in wages. The recently
organized local owes much to the aid
rendered by Bert Showier of the local
Patronize B. C. FederationiBt advertisers, and tell them wny you do so.
New City Market-Fish Department
Plenty of All Kinds
Cured Fish Specials
Smoked Salmon 15c and 20c per lb.
Smoked Filleted Cod 15c per lb.
Kippers 3 lbs. for 25c
Bloaters (Pilchards) 10c per lb.
Food Control License No. 8-23077
Fall Overcoats
THE Overcoat season is here. We
are showing Coats from $25 to $50
that have all the points desirable for
style, fit and value.
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
Manufacturers of  Canada
Unable to Solve Future Problems
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
There recently appeared in our leading dailios a statement by thc Canadian
Reconstruction Association — on national policy aftor the war. Labor leaders have been censured for venturing to
discuss after the war problems. The
manufacturers aro not afraid of being
considered unpatriotic. One eye is on
present gain, the other looking ahead
for future gain. Sir John Willison tells
us that through the manufacturers taking "serious risks and tho banks cooperating with high public Bpirit,"
shell ordors alone placod in Canada
have aggregated in value ovor $1,000,-
000,000. Why shouldn't thc war go on)
But oven during the wnr, Sir John and
his associates would prepare for ponce.
He quotes with approval, on exhortation by the chairman of tho United
States Shipping Board: "Tho more
vigorously we fight the war, the more
tonnago wo shall have at our disposal
when peace is declared. I believe that
wise foresight now in utilizing this ton-
nuge after tho war to devolop our own
world trade, and develop trade and industry in other countries, particnarly
the smaller and younger nations will be
a direct help to winning the war, not a
hindrance." For the manufacturer,
war or pcuce must mean gain. It seems
to be a ease of "kGnds I win, tails you
Thc manufacturer today must think
in terms of world markets—that is the
koy to Canada's national policy, according to thc manufacturers association. Britain is preparing to export;
America is preparing to export; Japan
is already capturing tho export trade
of Germany—Canada, too, must manufacture for export.
But surely the small and backward
countries will soon all be exploited.
Where then can we send our goods?
The manufacturers association docs not
sjjem to have considered that contingency. Possibly anothor war would relieve tho situation, and at the same
time provide a demand for u few more
billion dollars worth of Canada-made
Increased production is essential, according to Sir John, in order to provide
for our tremendous financial obligations. This will involve an annual
cuargo of possibly $'400,000,000. Then
for the greatest revenue wo have raised
in any ono year is $170,000,000. Just
how increased production wil! onable us
annually to raise throe times tho
amount, wo are now raising, is not
clear, At present it is coming largely
out of taxes ou the necessities of life.
This notwithstanding tho imemnso profits of big business. Tho C. P, R. alone,
for example, according to the last annual statement (ns quoted in tho papers) shows ovor and above dividends,
betterments, etc., a surplus revenue
from operations of $127,275,369. Tho
reconstruction ussociatioo does not propose to reconstruct our financial system.
No, it would strengthen and intrench
thc present system. "Tho need for foreign trade such an "organization as we
have, and for wur contracts, Thc individual manufacturers, acting alone,
cannot hopo to get such a footkoM iu
foreign markets or such a share in the
reconstruction of tho devastated portions of Europe as muy bo had by co-
openrtion und organization.
So we are to have a groat trade cooperation, as thc promoter of tho American organiaztion nlong similar lines,
puts.it. "Givo us such un organization
linking the manufacturers of this country into one great organization, and
there will bo no problem during the
war or after the war that it cannot
A great trade coropration pushing its
manufactures into the world marketB—
"some" policy, surely I
But, us always, thero is a fly in the
ointment—the pesky Inborer! Hb is becoming obstreperous and must bo soothed. "It is thc judgment of the Industrial Reconstruction Association that in
preparation for after war conditions,
industries or groups of industries in
Canada should call thoir workmen into
council and establish so far as is practicable, the co-operative, but mutually
independent relations (whatver that
means) which will bc necessary if we
nre to havo unity, stability and prosperity during the difficult period of reconstruction."
That there may be no misunderstanding of the position of tho workors under the now arrangement, the association points with admiration to tho
grent American packing plants, repre*
.seating 1(0,000 employees in eleven cities, where conference committees of
omployers and employees havo been established, as iu thc Standard Oil plant
in New Jersey. This at the very time
a federal commission brings in a scathing indictment of these self same [tacking plants,
Such is tho co-operative commonwealth of the Mauuafoturors Association! Surely again it is the case of
"whom the gods would destroy thoy
lirst make mud,"
Yet, Sir John Willison, as spokesman
of the re-const ruction association, gives
an admirable statement of the indus-
trial situation:
"Tho social unrest of our day has its
most dangerous manifestation in the
growth of Socialism and Anarchism in
estrangement between Lnbor and capital, in the practical class1 war, wliich is
involved in the orgnnization of workmen upon the one hand, und the organization of employers upon the other.
The separation of employers and employees seems to be u necessnry result
of modem industrial conditions. The
old nnd ideal relation botwoen the muster and his journeyman and apprentice
has gone forever. There lias come tho
great factory nnd the great Industrial
corporation, great systems of transportation, grent flnanclal and corporate
combinations. The workman goes in
and out of these huge establishments a
stranger to the management and ignorant often of the vory names of the
board of directors. The tools with
whicli he works are not, hiB own, the
machine he tends, the online ho drives,
the ship he directs, bolong to a corporation whoso stocks nro on tho Exchange
and whose invesemetits too often nre
their chief concern. This relationship
with Labor is impersonal and remote;
their interest in dividends personal and
The solution then. Sir John! Surely
you huve imagination enough to go one
step   furthor  und   perceive   that   the
fastidious you may be
about your corsets,
you will be delighted
with the new Warner's Rust Proof models we are showing.
Thoy are mndo of excellent materials—soft and
beautiful to wear, but
firm, with a pliant boning
guaranteed not to rust or
break and the fabric not
to tear.
Warner's Corsets come in
a large number of styles
providing types for all
normal figures. Prices,
$1.75 to $5.50
575GranvilU 'Phone Sey. 3540
Editor of Federationist to
Occupy the Platform
Next Sunday
Those seeking the viewpoint of tho
working class upon cvery-day questions
can get satisfaction at first hand by
atending the meetings held every Sunday evening at thc Rex Theatre. Each
Sunday sees a growth in tho attendance, which is rapidly approaching tho
capacity of the theatre. The vim put
into some of the singing last Sunday
also augurs well for the choir which is
being orgunized for theso and similar
meetings. The music committee will
be grateful for nssistanco along those
lines, thc intention being to organize
for thc fall und winter's work. Mr. A.
S. Wells needs littlo introduction and
will keop up the record of tho Labor
Party meetings. Mr. J. H. Hawthornthwaite has agreed to address the meeting on the evening of October 20th.
On Sunday, October 6th, the lecturo
will bc given by Mr. J. S. Woodsworth
upon "Producers and FnrasitoB."
"The 13th Chair"
Next week the Empress is presenting tho
most phenomena] play in tho history of the
stago ,and ono so entirely different in play
construction thnt it hns created a bit of history for thc present era of theatricals. For
fourteen months it mystified New York audiences, and caused more comment than any
other two plays on Broadway.
Its gripping situations and atmosphere of
mystery holds the audience breathless from
beginning to end, and when it reaches tho.
pinnacle of sensation in tho clairvoyant
scene, the audience are fairly carried away
by its intensity.
Everywhere it has been played, special
matinees Imw- been . necessary to accommodate the crowds, hut as the Empress stago
crew will be preparing the production for
"It Pays to Advertise," it will bo impossible for our stock company to play more than
thc usual performances. Get your soats now,
so you won't miss this masterpiece. ***
workman can bo satisfied with nothing
less than owning their tools of production and directing thoir own activities
and enjoying what their hunds and
brains and tools havo produced.
But no, Sir John, is u conservative
of the conservatives. "Under any social or political system which the genius of mon may devise, great indus-
induBtrial organizers will arise who
will control vast operations and amass
great wealth, whoso title will bo as
clour as thc workman's title to his
weekly wage. Moreover, they will confer benefits upon tho world out of all
proportion to thc return they receive."
With Buch it view point it is littlo
wonder that Sir John waves the flag
and declares: "No one in the Unitod
States has revealed more of tho spirit
nnd stature of a statesman than Samuel
Taking his stund firmly upon the un-
congeniality of human nature, and the
institution of private property, Sir
John soars above the petty struggles of
common men. '' The world will tnke its
slow way to the uplands, reform will
proceed by slow degrees, by more and
more," uud n hundred yenrs from now,
as a hundred years ago, the perfectionists nnd the dcstructlonists (Socialists
uud Anarchists?) alike will beat with
bruised hands ut the gates of fate-—"
So this is to ho our national policy?
And while with bruised hands, wo beat
at the gates of fate, a great trade corporation is to bo formed. "Immigration is to be adjusted to conditions,"
at publie expense, nnd a few "great
industrinl organizers will arise who will
control vast operations and amass great
wealth—and confer benefits upon the
Not by u jug full! You, Sir John,
may know the ambitions of the manufacturers association; you don't know
the temper of tho common people of
Canada. The workers and the farmers
and the soldiers nnd tho soldiers' wives
intend to take a hnnd in this human
naturo business, nnd thore will be some
mighty sudden conversions. They intend, too, to have something to sny
ahout this private property affair, nnd
if private proporty is to exist, it will
be in the hnnds of those who produce
An alternate "national policy' 'is in
the making.
A Capitalistic Paper Wants
Further Proof of
Asks  Pertinent
and Calls on Publisher
for Proof
A good deal of comment nas been
mado in the capitalistic press relating
to the supposed Bolshoviki activities,
and there has boen reproduced what is
supposed to be incriminating ovidenco
as to the Bolsheviki intrigue with Germany. In view of this comment, the
following from tho Now York Evening
Post on this matter will bo of intorest:
The Bolshevik Documents
'' Mr. Creel is confronted by a simple and immodiato duty. Ho Bhould
supply the newspapers with facsimile
roproduetions of the documents that
Mr. Sisson brought with him from
Europo and which, in tho English
translation, havo been given to the
press. We do not ask for this because
we think the material as givon out
by the Committeo of Public Information doos not correctly repreaont the
originals, but because we believe that
the documents themselves aro far
from being above suspicion, and
should therofore in their exact form
bo subjected to as wido a scrutiny aa
"In tho material as printed, thero
is plenty of ground for doubt. It may
be that the publication of tho Bussia nor Gorman facsimiles will supply othor evidence.  Thc plain fact is
that   sonic  of  tho   most  important
charges and documents brought forward by Mr. Sisson were publishod
in Paris months ago and have, on tho
whole, been discredited.   Mr. Sisson
remarks of Document 2, printed in
the Petit Parisien, that 'the Petrograd Bolshevist papers proclaimed it
a falsehood.'    Ho does not toll us
what new reasons thero aro for behoving in tho authenticity of Document 2 in viow of the vory solid arguments that were mado against it."
The Post then goes on to say that thc
Sisson Documents now have only an
academic interest, as tho policy of the
Allied governments has been determined by other and moro powerful data.
It thon continues as follows:
"Wo aro coming nearer to conditions with regard to tho wholo war
in which tho character of tho government 's information must inovitably
influence its policy in a tremendous
world "crisis. Tho 'facts' upon which
tho administration and the American
peoplo base their opinions and policies must be, indeed, facts.
"A closo but by no mcauB exhaustive study of the first instalment of
the Sisson documents raises tho following doubts:
"(1) Thc circular of tho German
Imperial Bank concerning remittan-
The Quality that Pays-
A Tom-the-Tailor suit conforms to the
modern idea of conservation. It saves
money and fabric, for it outwears three
cotton-and-wool readymades. It always looks well with its soft, woolly
texture—always holds its shape. It
saves you big pressing bills. It is made
of the best British wool, by the best
Vancouver Union craftsmen. The
money you pay for it is spent here, and
in Great Britain. My guarantee saves
you time, money and worry, for it takes
all the guess out of your clothes problems. Union men are entitled to the
best there is—and here's the best suit
of clothes in Western Canada. Quality
and Economy—and common sense. See
the fabrics and the prices.
M«-i amtt to
Measure  from
Mta ftom
ces to Lenine, Trotzky, and othors is
dated March 2, 1917. This would bo
a week bofore the revolutionary
troubles began in Bussia and nearly
two weeks before the Czar was deposed. Did the German, Imporial
Bank foresee the overthrow of the
Czar so precisely f In Europo this
document, No. 2, has boon repudiated
on tho ground that it was written
long after the events, by a Russian,
who thought in the Russian chronology, which is thirtoen days late, and
that March 2 was really a mistako
for our March 15, when the overthrow of tho Czar was an accomplished fact. This chargo requires an
"(2) Document No. 2 speaks of
tho arrest of a certain agont having
on his person the original of tho Imperial Bank circular of March 2, 1917,
'with notations and stamps of the
Potrograd secret polico (Okhrana).'
Now, tho offices of tho notorious Okhrana were stormed by tho crowds in
the first days of tho revolution, say
on March 10 or 11, We tnust suppose, therefore, that a circular issued
by tho German Imporial Bank on
March 2, and addressed to bankers in
Sweden, bad time to get to Potrograd, to fall into the hands of the
Okhrana, and to be stamped by tho
Okhrana officials, in just a week. The
thing is almost incredible and points
to fabrication.
(3) Document 5, a letter from tho
German General Staff to the Bolshevik govornment, accrediting eortain
German ngonts, is dated 'Oct., 1917.'
In Oct., 1917, there was no Bolshevik
government.   Their coup was deliver
ed on our November 7. Wo mut
suppose', thereforo, that the Gonna
General Staff dated his lettors by th
Russian chronology. Evon then, Oet
1917, cannot bo Inter than Novell
ber 12, so that fivo days after th
Bolshevik coup the Gorman Genera
Staff is assigning agents to the Ba!
shevik ministor of Foreign Affnin
and minister of Finance. Aud alway
on the supposition that Borli:
thought in terms of tho Russian cal
(4) Document 7 is a letter fron
tho German General Staff to tho Com
missary of Foreign* Affairs, ordorinj
tho olection of a largo numbor o:
Bolshevik loaders to the goneral exo
cutivo committee by the Soviet con
vention. Theso loaders are spokei
of us 'candidates for re-election,' st
that tho Soviet convontion must havi
been in Bession. The convontion wai
opened January 25. But the Germai
letter is dated January 12. Agaii
we must supposo tho goneral staff al
Berlin to bo using tho Russian chro
noiogy which would make the dat(
osnetly January 25—a striking coin*
"Theso arc but specific items. Thc
general tone of thc documents is a
strain upon credulity. The order*
uud instructions and demands and-
responses hnve the directness of a
thieves' kitchen; it is not the way in
which government conspiracies are
couched. Mr. Creel owes it to the
country to do hiB best to find out
whether wo are really faco to faco
with the most extraordinary cabal in
history or whother Mr, Sisson is tho
victim of a gigantic hoax."
Don't let it slip your mind that the
Socialist Party of Canada Is holding
their propaganda meetings at the Royal
Theatre every Sunday evening at 8
p.m. This theatre has been engaged
hy the party for the future. ***
for Men of Good Th/f®
The Union Men
should look for two things in buying clothes. First, a Union store
employing all Union clerks, and selling Union made goods, so far
as it is possible to obtain them. Second, clothing possessing honest value for every dollar he spends.
DICK'S CLOTHES offer you both. Our
enormous buying power enabled us to
place huge orders for all-wool fabrics,
serges, worsteds, tweeds and homespuns
at a time and price which now enables us
to sell you clothing at a fair profit BUT
strictly Union Store, and employ
ONLY Union salesmen.
Dick's Prices
\&*    '^--     ■>■■■
<Jf it-
"Your Money's
Worth or v
Your Money
Back" .-.m


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