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The British Columbia Federationist May 21, 1920

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Local Defense Committee
Wants Money for
All Workers Are to Be
Asked to Donate 25
Cents Each
The local defense committee has
Issued the following appeal for
funds for the maintenance of the
families of the men now In goal
for their activities ln the Labor
May 18th, 1920.
To All Labor Organizations iu
* the Province of British Columbia.
At the last meeting of the B. C.
Defense committee, the representatives of a number of Labor organizations in Vancouver, who bad
been elected at a meeting of delegated of different organizations,
made certain representations to the
pefense Committee.
It was proposed—and the Defense Committee accepted the proposal—to circularize all Labor 'organisations in the Province, and
Beek their aid ln raising the necessary amount to care for the families of the men now hi goat as a
result of the Winnipeg strike, and
to afclt each organization in the
Province to make a donation from
their funds, to the extent of 26
cents per member. It wag considered that this would raise the necessary quota in British Columbia,
and other provinces are to be asked
to follow suit
The amount necessary for the
maintenance of the families will be
about $18,000, If each province
will take can of the raising of the
amount, tha three Western Prov-
Inccfe could raise this,sum i'n one
month, and only, the sum asked
from each organization would be
necessary. f
In addition to the maintenance,
however, there is still the legal expenditure in connection with the
case, and the expense of the appeal
to the Privy Council.
The International Longshoremen's Association ln Vancouver has
already decided to donate the sum
of 25 cents per member to tbe
maintenance fund.
The B. C. Defense Committee appeals to each organization for
support ln raising the necessary
■am to care for the families of the
men now in goal, because of tbe
fact that they voiced the needs of
the workera, and the least organised Labor can do is to see that the
families of these men do not want.
Tour assistance Is asked. Surely
you cannot refuse to do your part?
Help us to provido for the faml
lies, and do what you can to aid us
In raising the money for the Rus-
■ell appeal.
Thanking you ln anticipation, I
famain, yours for the men now in
The Winnipeg defense committee
Is taking the matter up in the other
provinces and labor organization ln
Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manl
toba will be asked to contribute to
Ihis fund, It Is expected that a
similar appeal will be made to the
workers in the east. The O. B. U.
units in Vancouver have already
eontrlbuted a fair sum towards the
maintenance fund, and the secretaries of these organizations have
been supplied with receipt books
and the money collected for this
fund will be earmarked for the
purpose for which it is raised.
Cease work as Protest on
Behalf of Winnipeg
In tke recent convention ftt
Sprlngbill, Nova Scotia, the U. M.
W. of A. convention In District 26,
International Organizer Houston
talked all of one forenoon and part
of the afternoon and had on thc
table beside him-ft great mass of
letters, agreements, etc, from District 18. He read copious and tiresome extracts. His best oratorical
effort was made ln his denunciation
of a man named Christophers
whom he would have the Bluenoses
believe went around gunning for
International organisers and was a
real, bad, westerner in every sense
of the word. Houston had met
Christophers ONCE at a miners'
meeting In Lethbrldge. ONCE was
enough. After having flayted
"Chris" good and plenty Houston
with a sweeping gesture and with
great oratorical effect shouted:
"Where are the friends that Christophers would find in this district?"
Instantly at least half of the delegates were on their feet shouting:
"Here they are!"
Our correspondent adds: "It was
cruel: I was really sorry for Houston. He went right up in the air
after that and a trip that he had
promised to make to Sprlnghlll
and other camps in the district wns
cancelled and he went back to the
little old U. S. A., not knowing
whether he would bo sent back to
District 18 or not."
Our correspondent also teils us
that when the recent vote was
taken among the twelve thousand
Nova Scotia mine workers to cease
work on May Day as a protest
against the miscarriage of Justice at
Winnipeg, there were loss than 200
votes cast In favor of remaining at
Four Meetings Will Be
Held During the Ensuing Week
Mill Workers, members ef the
Lumber & Camp Workers Industrial Union of the One Big Union,
lt.ll hold their branch meetings ln
the following places during thc
coming week,
Vancouver, on Mo'nday, May" 24,
ftt 8 p.m., at the headquarters, 61
Cordova street west.
New Westminster, on Wednesday, May 26, at 8 p.m., at the .Labor Hal), New Westminster, corner
Seventh and Royal avenue.
Fraser Mills, on Thursday, May
27, at 8 p.m., In rear of old moving
picture theatre, Maillardville.
Port Moody, on F^lduy, May 28,
ftt 8 p.m., In Rccrcutlon Hall, (If
hall can be secured), lf not meeting will be held In Orango Hall.
Ballots on the question of Btrlking to enforce an 8-hour day and
$6 minimum, along with other wago
Increases, have been widely distributed among the mill workers ln
these districts, and it Is expected
that the meetings during the coming week will bc well attended, as
members will be expected to put In
their ballots on this question.
Tho meetings will bo open to all
millworkers, whether members of
the union or otherwise, and it Is expected that quite a number will
avail themselves of the opportunity
of attending In order to get a line
en what action will be taken to
enforce demands that have been
■ent to the various mill owners.
Our advertisers support the Federatlonist. It ls up to you to support them.
A number of letters for publication have been received nt. The
Federatlonist olHee. They have not
beon published owing to their
length. Some of lliese letters
wonld uke up over a column of
space. If correspondents would be
brief and to tlio point, they will
stand > much better chance of having tbelr views appear In print.
W. R. Trotter Not on Committee
Owing to an error on the part of
•ome one, the name of W. K. Trotter appeared In these columns last
week as a member of the oommlttee organizing the People's Church.
He la not a member of that committee, and was not present at that
Trades  Council  Discuss
Orgainzation and Strike
at Swanson Bay
In spite of tue attractions on
Wednesday night, the meeting of
theVancouver Trades and Labor
Council was well attended. The
resignation of President Mldgley,
Which was tendered because he expected to be out of town more or
less in the next month or two, was
accepted, and J, Wilson was elected
to that office. The resignation also
necessitated the election of a trustee and Del. Hermanston of the
Finnish Unit of the O. B. U., was
The application of the Finnish
Unit of the O. B. U. for affiliation,
was the ^flrst order of business.
This was granted, and the delegates from that unit soatcd.
A communication was received
from the Montana State Federation
of Labor, asking ail workers to
keop away from that state, owing
to the strikes thai aro on, and also
pointing out that all workers were
standing pat with the exception of
the- carpenters, who were working
under pressure from the International, which had threatened that
their charters would be revoked
Ir they struck with tho building
trades. A communication was also
received frpm the department of
Justice, denying the request that
the Russell appeal be not obstructed.
Del. Shaw was appointed to attend the meeting of the different
organizations which.have interested themselves in the raising of
funds for the maintenance of the
families of the men in gaol. The
defense committee reported that
about1 $30,000 would be needed to
cover the legal expenses, and the
appeal. And $18,000 would be
needed for the maintenance of the
imprisoned men's families, and thnt
of this sum, |6000 had been raised.
A special committee whs appointed to carry on organization work
In the city. The Lumber Workers
delegates reported on the strike at
Swanson Bay, which is fully reported on Jn a'nother column. In
connection with this strike, one
delegate wished to know If the
Longshoremen would handle scab
pulp, as he understood'that they
were loading boats that were unfair to the seamen. As the Seamen's representative waa not present, no definite information could
be presented.
Before the conclusion of the
meeting, a general discussion of
orgnnization work was carried on,
and Del. Winch gave a resume of
his travels fn the East, and thu
conditions that the Lumber Workers nro facing In that part of the
Textile Factory Owners
Refuse to Grant Demands of Strikers
Workers Raise the Red
Flag and Assume Control of Industry
(By Hiram K. Moderwell)
Turin, Italy.—In the textile factories of the Brothers Mazzonis,
near Turin, Italy, there broke out
some months ago a very ordinary
labor dispute, with a very extraordinary result. The "affair Maz-
zonis" has become a test problem
for all adepts,of theoretical political economy.
The employees, whose union the
Mazzonis refused to recognize, demanded the same wages and working condition.* as had been granted
in other similar factories by the Association of Textile Manufacturers
to tbe Textile Workers' Federation. The Mazzonis refused. ' The
employees struck. The government
arbitration court in Turin took
cognizance of the dispute and summoned the two parties to appear
before it. The employees' representative appeared; the Mazzonis
refustd. The court rendered its
decision, granting In substance the
demands of the workers. But the
arbitration court had no legal authority to compel the acceptance of
Its awards. It recommended. Then
it urged. The Mazzonis insisted
that their factories were theirs.
They did not recognize the competence of the court. They were
wilting to reopen their factories at
any time, and after their employees
had returned to work they "would
take into consideration all justified
So far the story of the affair Mazzonis is Identical with a thousand
others in Europe and America. The
outcome is what has so upset public opinion in Italy.
The workers met one day toward
the end of February, and decided to
take possession of the factories and
operate them themselves. They
formed a parade and marched, with
red flags at their head,' to their
places of employment. They raised
the red flags over the factories, declared tho establishments the property of thc people, appointed a factory council from among their
number, went to their several posts,
and set to work. The military was
on guard, of course, but did nothing. No doubt the officer in command sent to Turin for Instructions. If he did, the officials must
have had a bad half hour. The
Italian Government has for fifteen
months been telling the workers,
in editorials, in pictures, that they
must "produce," to save Italy, from
economic ruin. Especially has production been essential fn the textile
industry. And the picture of government troops forcibly preventing
workingmen from producing a socially necessary arttlcle would have'
been too grotesque. The soldiers
stood quietly by while the workers
took possession of the Mazzonis factories In the namo of the people.
Observers who went from Milan
and Turin to inspect the experiment In the next few days marvelled at the orderliness and efficiency which reigned under tlie red
How Tlicy  Solved Problem
The workers found in the factories stores of coal and raw materials
for three or four months. But they
were looking more than three or
four months ahead. They sent their
emissaries to the Socialist municipality of Milan. (Pie Milan communal bank, which finances various
enterprises of social utility such as
the construction of dwellings,
agreed to furnish them working
(Continued on page 6)
Membership of All O. B. U.
Is Steadily Increasing in
Prairie Oity
Edmonton.—The Central Cou;
of the O. B. U. had a well-attoi
meeting last week.   All the
gates reported increase in   ra<
bers In their respective units.
The bricklayers reported a;«
cessful movoment in obtaining
Increase of wages, 26   cent*
hour above what the   Tradei
«Labor   Council   proposed   to
them for.   it Is not an 1_
for any specified time.   Tho Oil
building trades still stand  by
principle of a standard of llvlw
The teamsters and street raJh
employees are to be approached
a committee of the O. B. U.
Invited to forsake craft for ind
trial unionism.—Searchlight.
.$2.50 PER YEARi
lor firms.
Those Arms are all members ot,
the British Columbia Bread & Cak»
Folder Containing Nine Photos
Now on Sale at Olllce
of Federatlonist
A cardboard containing the pictures of nine of the Winnipeg trial
victtlms is now on sale lit the olllce
of the B. C. Federationist. This
folder, which Is suitable for framing, was used aa the programme
tor tho May Day celebration in
Vancouver and, having a few left
over, they are now ottered for sale
at three for ten cents. The feider
contains the pictures ef W. A.
Prltchard, R. B. Itusaell, Geo. Armstrong, Aid. John Queen, R. J,
Johns, Rev, Wm. Ivens, Roger
Bray, Aid. A. A. Heaps and F. J.
Dixon, M. L. A. Three of these
folders will be tent postpaid to
any,address fer ten cents in stamps
or coin.
Bakery Salesmen
to Deceive Housewives
But Fail
The strike of bakers, which
into effect on May 1st, is still ol
The members of thc Bakers Union]
who struck, are standing just"1**
(irmly today as they did whon the
strike was pulled. , \
All largo bakeries In the Provtf
lnce are out. In Vancouver, Shollifj
Bros., Ltd., Stevenson Bros., thi"
Woman's Bakery,. Dodson'3, Peo-r
pie's Electric, Griffith Bread Coi
Rose's English Bakery, Boyd's M
Robertson's, Central Park. At Net£
Westminster, Sheliy's and Grant')!;
are out. In Victoria, the same sit.
uation obtains.   There the Shelly:
outfit ls out along with the Golden Increase, and- also a demand that
West Bakery and Rcnnio and Tay?. iho companies furnish blankets,
Officers of International
Agree That Slaves Shall
Carry Blankets
A lively strike ls going on in the
Slocan district among the metal
minert* and smeltermen. The
strike was called by the O. B. U.,
but just as soon as some of the
companies agreed to the demands.
International officers of the Mine,
Mill and Smeltermen's Union proceeded to sign up tho. remaining
companies on blanket-stiff conditions in order to hold the International Union together.
At a special meeting of the Sandon MInens Union, held on April
3rd, lt was agreed unanimously to
put in a demand for a dollar a day
Provincial Authorities to
Prosecute the Union
Bay Outfit      .,
sheets, pillows and pillow slips. On
April 15, the Silverton Miners
Union  passed  a similar  demand.
Manufacturers Association, and thia^A union committee from both Io>
association has made it plain, that \<*~]s wus appointed to meet the op-
the, open shop h the Issue. Tho craters,, but thc operators held sev-
bakers have accepted the challenge oral meetings among themselves,
on the open versus the closed shop,';pefure finally deciding to meet the
and are doing all they can to in- hien. After the meeting had final-
form their fellQW trade unionists oil' ly been arranged, the operators,
the merits and demerits of the dls- although admitting that the men's
... Camouflage LalM'lw
Ever since the strike started, the'
union ha*, conducted a campaign
of advertising the union label;
Thia was doing a considerable
amount of harm to the large bakeries. They found that the housewife was demanding the union
label, and that they would have to
meet this new situation. And so
they Issued a label bearing the
words, "United Bakeries," an'd armed with this, the driverfe are doing
all they can to deceive the housewife into the belief that she is getting union-made goods. But the
housewife Is not being deceived by
those psuedo trade union drivers.
They are turning the bread back,
and telling the driver not to call
untft-the strike is settled.
And those drivers. They certainly-look cheap, arguing to their
customers that the strike is settled,
and so on.
Bake Ovens Destroyed
Last time the bakers struck, lit
1918, they opened a bakery and
supplied   the   people'' wltli   bread
demands were just, maintained that
,hcy could not pay the demands,
ind turned down all the demands
bf the unions.
' At a special meeting of the San-
pn Miner). Union, held on May 1,
strike, vote was taken, which rented in a unanimous vote to strike
ordor to enforce the demands. :
On May ■ 8, a settlement was
tade with the Silversmith Company, one of the largest operating
Si the district, 50 cents per day Increase in wages, and the company
to furnish all blankets and the
Health Regulation Act be complied with in every detail. J. Wilson, operating the Hope mine, and
J. Dean, operating the Cinderella
nunc, are the others that have
oome through with the demands.
All the other companies in the Silverton and Sandon districts have
refused to concede any of the demands. Then the International
Union of Mine, Mill and Smelter
Yforkers officials held a conference
Avjth the other mine operators, and
mide an agreement which was far
worse than obtained from Silversmith and   others.    The  Interna-
that was not made by scabs.   Since tlonal agreed to 75c per day In-
Junior Labor League Will
Raise Money for the
Defense Fund
Since dances In aid of the defence fund are always popular, and
lt is almost a month since a defence dance hah been held, it is
safe to say that the effort of the
Junior Labor League on behalf of
the defence fund next Friday evening will meet with the success tho
cause deserves, it should be noted
that this time the dance will be
held in Cotillion Hall, corner of
Davie and Granville streets', The
whist will begin at 8:1ft p.m., and
the dancing will start at 9, and
continue till 12. The re fresh mentis
will be on sale. Tickets are 50c
for gentlemen, and 25c for ladies,
They can be obtained from mem-
bers of the League and at The Federatlonist office.
Tlie members of the League arc
making the arrangements themselves, and are determined to set
the pace for other young people's
organizations that are raising
money for the defence fund. They
are holding the regular monthly
social .evening tonight (Friday) at
the club room, 51! Dufferln btreet
est, at 7:30 p.m., and invite all
young people lo attend. Particulars of the next meeting on June
4, which will be the educational
evening, will be In The Fed*ro"o'n-
lst next week.
then, the bosses have taken a turn
ble to themselves, and have been
the meniks of destroying wantonly,
every bake-oven that could be us?d
by any one to meet the demand for
bread during a strike. The Union
Bakery, at Fourth avenue and Commercial, was rented by Shelly*, the
ovens bought and torn out. Brewers new bakery at Fifteenth avenue
and Glen drive, wns also taken
over by the same party and today
the ovens resemble nothing so much
as a corner in Northern France or
Flanders. The place fa a tumbledown condition, nnd all that remains of the ovens Is a huge pile
of old bricks. If Mr. Shelly cannot use these ovens, (hen no one
else is going to have the chance,
and so they are ordered to be destroyed. And all this at a time
when the cry (by thone who live by
rent, interest and profit) is for
more production.
Home time ago one of tho scabs
working Jit Sheliy's, New Westminster shop, lost one ut his fingers In
the machinery. Mr". Shelly pays him
'crease, bnt there is 25c to be deducted for board and besides that,
the men will have to carry their
blankets as heretofore. Thie agreement was made by two men, and
the' men had nothing to say In the
matter, but the men are not going
to [stand for any of the International stunts, but are going to fight
to a finish.
The International organisers ate
looking all over the country for
scabs, but thoy have failed to get
any'so far, and by all appearances,
they will not be able to get any.
fulli(or is it fool?) wagea for the
time Ht Is off.
Some time before the strike was
pulled, one of Sheliy's nicn working
at Victoria had a linger taken off
In & machine. The accident happened 4Ti minutes before quitting
Um« Whon this man drew his
wogfcs he was stopped 45 minutes
for site time he Inst through loping
Me linger. But then, he was not a
The Lumber Workers Are
Going After Decent
All Swanson Boy men are off the
Job except fourteen so-called white
men whose akin may be of that
tint but whose lack of principle permits them to scab when their fellow
workers, Oriental and white, are
on atrlke for improved conditions.
The men demand an eight-hour
day with a 15 minimum. The company, after agreeing to this, later
repudiated the agreement and tried
to keep the yard and millmen
working under the old conditions
of a work day of not less than 10
hours—often 12 to 16—at a
straight-time rate of pay. Whatever improvements result from the
strike the most Important and satisfactory features aro the Insistence of the men for the eight-hour
day. The splendid solidarity evidenced in the way Jn which the
white workers, Japs and Chinese,
stood together, tnd the fact that
only 14 scaba could be found
amongst nearly 400 workers.
Dollar Clfunp, Union Bay, Closed
The Dollar Camp at Union .Bay
ls closed for two reasons; onc Is
that the men refuse to live under
such conditions as exist at this outfit and the other is that the provincial health authorities have condemned the camp and are taking
legal action against the company
for violation of the sanitary regit
lotions, Tt Is & cause for satlsfac
tion that at last' the provincial
health department has awakened to
a reallatlon of its duties, not only
to the lumber workers but to tho
entiro community, and the fact that
the flrst legal action by the department'!.; against one of the most
powerful financial interests In the
country may be taken as some Indication that in the future, financial standing or political pull may
not have such a strangle hold upon
the department as has been the
case In the past. If the department
really intends to fullfll its proper
functions tt will receive every possible assistance and support from
the Lumberworkers Union, and not
the, least valuable assistance will
be Information which must be absolutely correct, of any camp in
which the regulations are not lived
up to.
If the minister of labor and his
department were performing their
duties In the Interests of the workers whom they are supposed to represent and protect a totally different state of affairs would exist In
this province to what there Is at
the present time.
Th* men have adopted new tactics in the Union Bay strike which
will give the. greatest degree of protection against the camp operating
without conforming to the demands
and at the same time reduce the
penalty upon the men to the minimum. All men have been permitted
to go to work elsewhere except two
who are left to picket the Job at
Union Bay. When the new camp is
built a committee of two is to inspect It and until their O. *K. Is
given the camp will be on tlie black
Buckley Bay Mill Demand Eight-
Hour Day
The Buckley Bay atwmill at Mas-
set Inlet is rinsed owing to demand
for nn eight-hour day and 15.50
minimum. The camps of the Mas-
set Timber Co., are also on the un
fair list.
Nurton's Camp, Raza Island, Is
on strike for blankets and linen,
the latter to bo washed weekly at
(Continued on page C)
Armed  Proletariat Will
Defend Soviet from
AH Sides
(By Helen Augur. Staff Correspondent of the Federated Press)
New Tork. — Several thousand
people in Carnegie HaU rose to
their feet and cheered for a full
minute when Isaac MacBrlde, Journalist and lecturer recently returned
from Soviet Russia, cried: "It's time
to call a halt to this murder and
■ay, 'Hands off Russia!' "
The purpose of the meeting.
which was held under the auspices
of the People's Freedom Union,
was to demand the Immediate re-
supmtlon of trade with Soviet Russia. That demand was voiced from
hundreds of throats at the climax
of MacBrlde's description of the
titanic miseries caused by the economic blockade by the allies.
I aaw soldiers of the Red Army
whose heads had been blown to
pieces with shrapnel, bandaged with
newspapers," fie said. "I saw great
fellows gritting their teeth to the
ordeal of having arms and legs
amputated without the mercy of anesthetics. I aaw little children,
nourished on the country's best as
the strategic resources of the future state, gradually sickening and
dying because that best fs not
enough for them. The country has
no drugs, no bandages, and pitifully little food."
"Russia has learned to go hungry
and still dpfy the world against taking her liberty away. The rank and
file are dying now for the preservation of that liberty, and for the existence of the Soviet stute.
"Lenin told me that if he or
Trotzky should go out into the
streets and advocate the overthrow
of the Soviets, they would not last
24 hours alive. The rank and flle
were in arms in March, 1917, and
they overthrew the czar's regime.
In November, by power of the arms
and the sume will they overthrew
the Kerensky government. Tell me,
lf the armed proletariat of Russia
was opposed to this government,
do you suppose it could stand for
moment against the power of
arms and will?"
Norman Thomas, editor of The
World Tomorsow, and Harriet
Stanton Blatch, of the Emergency
committee for Russian relief, scored the treatment of Russians In
America by the present administration. One thousand dollars was
contributed to the fund for technical aid to Russia.
Seattle — Building workers tn
Yakima, Wash., are doing their
own contracting and eliminating
the building middlemen, as their
answer to the anti-union campaign
of the Associated Industries.
Defense Dance
and Whist Drive
Under thc Auspices of the Junior Labor League
Cotillion Hall
Corner of Davie and Granville Streets
Whist at 8:15 p.m. Dancing, 9 till 12
Refreshments Will Be on Sale
Auxiliary Changes Meeting Night to Thursday, May 27
Owing to the defense dance
which is being organized by the
Junior Labor League on May 28,
which is the rogular meeting night
of tbe Women's O. B. U. Auxiliary
It has been decided to hold the
next meeting of tho auxiliary on
Thursday, May 27, In order that
members can attend thc Labor
League defense dance. The mooting will be held at thc O. B. U.
headquarters, corner Pender and
Howe Streets, and will commence
at 8 p.m. All members should try
to be present, aa plans for raising
funds for putting the O. B. U. headquarters in shapo, so that dances
and other social functions can be
held there, will be discussed.
Tickets for the Junior Labor
League defense dance are on sale
at the Federationist office and all
members of the auxiliary who are
desirous of attending some should
purchase their tickets early, as only
a limited number are on sale.
Refreshments will be provided nt
the dance, and if any of the women
folk would care to assist tlie refreshment committee by the gift of
a cake or other edibles, they would
greatly oblige that committee by
notifying A, S. Wells, manager of
the B. C. Federationist.
Frank Cassidy Will Bc on
S. P. of C. Platform
The regular propaganda meeting of the Socialist Party of Canada
should be unusually attractive next
Sunday night, when a new
speaker, in the person of Mr.
Frank Cassidy, who haji recently
arrived from 'San Fruncisco, will
occupy the platform. In reviewing tlie world situation through the
medium of those organs uf truth
and light, tho daily newspapers, one
Is Inclined to notice the abisenc* uf
anything of a hopeful or inspiring
nature; rumors of financial trouble
ahead, shortage of food stocks,
withdrawal of credit by the banks,
tales of famine and disease from
Continental Europe. These and
other equally dismal forebodings
seem to make up thc dally hush
served up to a long-suffering and
gullible public. Hope seems to be
dead, and thc glorious vista of the
now and happy world which was to
be ours when the war was won,
the world IU for heroes, in whicli
the load of tho worker wus to be
made lighter, and whore pence ahd
plenty should reign, Is now forgotten both by thc workers und thdlr
capitalist rulers, in the grim and
unremitting struggle for llfe,#which
capitalism imposes.
To the student of scientific 00
cialishi, the outlook for the future
fs by no means disconcerting. Tlie
knowledge that he has acquired of
the economics of capitalism prove
to him that inevitably this form of
society must break down, and give
way to a new order of things. Promises of a better world for the
worker, count for nothing with
him. Realizing the decadence of
cnpitalism, and thc mental bankruptcy of those who now occupy
thc seats of power, he sees a gleam
of light and hope. For as the burdens of life presses more heavily
upon the working class, so will the
task of educating them as to the
cause of thc folly und absurdity of
modern life, become so much easier. With this new understanding
In thcir minds tho workers will
know what to do und how, in the
days lo come, when capitalism us a
system of society, stands helpless,
Inefficient, Intolerable.
To those who would embark
upon a study of the science of Socialism, come to the Empress next
Sunday night. Doors open at 7:30.
Meeting at 8 p.m. Questions and
an open platform. Literature of
the finest. ,
Marine  Workers  Stand
Solid'While Bosses Arc
International Men Unload
Boats Being Worked
By Scab Crews
Th* «trike of Marine Firemen,
Sallon and Stewards is practically
unchanged from last week. The
men are still standing firm and am
not being fooled by the compunyu
threat of refusing to open up further negotiations with the men,
This fs apparently the laat straw
of the employers and with the inability to obtain sufficient men to -
man the boats there is every possibility of a settlement within the
next couple of weeks. The Japanese firemen off the' Union Steamship boats are sticking solidly wilh
the strikers and even the unorganized Chinese cooks walked of)
solidly from the Prince Bupert.
Thia cannot be said,' however,' of a
great many of the white men.
As was stated last week, the O,
B. U. Firemen and Oilers have a
chance to sign up the agreement
with the C. P. B. but this they refuse to do until the demands of the
sailors and stewards ure met.
In reporting the situntlon'ili.last
week's Federationist a statement
wat) made to the effect that the
Longshoremen were standing solid
behind the strikers. This was au
error and was Just the reverse, as
Is appears that a lot of Longshoremen are not at all concerned about
strikes or scab boats. It appears
that most of the regular crews wbo
unload theso boats declined the
jobs but other Longshoremen took
up'the fight on behalf of the bosses
and arc»stlll busy doing the Longshore work. A delegate from the
striking unions took the matter up
with the local International Longshoremen's Union but tlie local declined to take any action In the
mntter. Thus we Had Internationa),
men scabbing on International
strikers. Tho same thing Is going
on In Victoria but the 1'rince Rupert Longshoremen ure standing
pat with the strikers.
.   O. B. V. .Notes
Workera in the Hotel and Itestau.
rant trade in Moose Jaw, Sa«k.,
have organized under the bannei
of the O. B. U.
Milwaukee, Wis., Is the lnt<*l
American city to have a Railway
Workers Unit of the O. B. U. An
O. B. U. speaker has been invited
to address the Maintenance of Way
Employees local and the Machln.
ists local of the same city.
And now comes the Railroad
Shopmen of Janesvllle, Madison,
Wis., strong enough to launch a
good sized unit of the One Big
Yes, and there is room enough
for you hi the O. B. r. The tlm*
to get properly organized is now.
Don't wait for Jack and Bill.
I'RIK ltvitii SENDS <;iu:i-:tin<;9
Bill I'rllcltard, In a letter lo The
Federatlonist this week, expresses
Ills thanks for the tunny letter*
that lie ha* received from his
friends In litis district, Uv stairs
that they get no-now* ctccpt thai
contained In the lettets he ha* received front Ills muny friends. Fo,
tlie Information nr any friend desiring to write, hi- address Is W. A.
rltrliard. Industrial Farm. G, W.
W. !>.. Manitoba.
Olve n little
our advertisers.
encouragement  to
The debt of the Dominion has Increased from .33C,000,00(1 to »:,-
000,000,000, an increase more than
«!x-fold sinco the wur began.
"Why Poland Fights the
Bolsheviks" Will Be
At tlie Federated Lnbor Party
meeting in the Royal Theatre next
Sunday evening Comrade Tr A,
Barnard will be the sneaker. While
he takes as his subject "Why Po-
land Fights the Bolsheviks,*' he also intends to take advantage of th|
opportunity to express a few
thoughts on General McLean and
his altitude toward the wives ol
privates. It is not so lorig since
Comrade Barnard Was a private
himself and as this is the firat
chance he has had since McLean's
stHtement to exprefes himself, what
lie has to say about it .should be "f
some Interest, The Polish situation
that ho will deal with more particularly, has for some reason, not
been receiving the attention that it
deserves", cither In the press or the
public mind, and Comrade Barnard's remarks on (lie "why and
thc wherefore" will serve to clear It
up .somewhat.
Chair taken at 8 p.m. Doors
optn at 7:30. Questions and five-
niimue talks after the address.
show 1|ipriviaiiuii
Whon R. Baxter, who was until
recently secretary of the Princeton
District of tho O. B. V„ resigned*
the membera of the organization in
no uncertain manner voiced their
appreciation of the services that ho "
had rendered. The auditing committee reported that the books
were In good shape, and that the
work of thc office of secretary had
been well done.
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If It's Musical—We Have II
Regina Church People Refuse to Allow Dixon
Use of Church
(By Geo. Broadley)
"The Church's Challenge to ua*
bor", might well prove a fitting
subject for discussion In view
conditions which obtain in the city
of Regina. Many have long suspected that the same influences which
aim to dominate thetr economic life
also desiro to dominate thoir
ligloua viewpoint. Thore Is also
evidence leading to- the conviction
that the' press ls under the same
aophorio Influences thus completing
the triangle.
Prejudiced Die Hard
This Is especially true regarding
the recent Winnipeg strike. Prejudices which were created by un
scrupulous press reports die hard,
apparently for the reason that
many so-called intelligent men and
women take their acts from the
daily press, which are so frequently at variance with the truth, that
Professor Osborne of Winnipeg, In
a speech before the Credit Men's
Trust Association, in Reglna
April 15th, aald: "Nothing but the
Imponderable element of confidence
can save our civilization now that
it is in danger. Church, courts,
press and parliament have each lost
something of the confidence of the
During the recent visit to the
city of Reglna of P. J. Dixon, M,
h. A., Winnipeg, some~difflculty was
experienced in securing a suitable
place for holding the meeting.
Apart from the city churches the
only place suitable was the City
Hall, which was already engaged for
the Commercial Travellers darco.
The Trades Hall the only place
available was entirely inadequate
for the audience which would have
attended had there been sufficient
time for advertising and an at'
tempt was made to secure the
Westminster Presbyterian church,
as Forum meetings had 1>een held
there during the winter months had
been addressed by a number.of radical speakers.
Application was made on April
8th,.and a meeting of the boar i of
managers was called for April 30th
with the assurance that little djubt
existed regarding a favorable result. It was not until May 2nd,
however, that a full meeting of the
board was found possible, immediately following the Sunday morning service. At this meeting it was
unanimously decided "by a full
hoard, that Westminster Church
was available for the ttixon meeting; which announcement was made
at the meeting of the Reglna People's Forum, two feours later.
Reactionaries Get Busy
Before the Sunday evening service was held and during the next
day—following an announcement
ln the morning paper—a perfect
barrage of telephone protests were
entered by Reglna citizens—business men and salaried men—against
the meeting being held in Westminster church—or even held at all.
One man threatened an Injunction,
while others threatened withdrawal
of their financial support, cancellation of cheques, etc. etc.
Another meeting of the board
was held on Monday evening, resulting in neither ratification or
cancellation of their previous action, A request, however, was made
—as a means of saving the face
of the church authorities—that
those making the application should
withdraw their request. It was
argued that this would make it
easier to grant a future request.
This was, of course, flatly refused,
the ground being naturally taken
that: 1, There would bt no future
request; and 2. It wae up to the
board of management' te take the
responsibility. Another meeting of
the board was held on Tuesday
evening at which the decision was
reached to cancel the arrangement
after tt had been publicly announced to a large meeting and in the
columns of the Regina Leader.
There being no other place available the meeting was held in the
Trades hall, which was packed to
the doors and the sum of $27.35
was collected for the defense fund,
the total proceeds of which were
handed to Mr. Dixon, who was
then on his way to Winnipeg.
Papera Remain Silent
A brief report of these facts was
given to each of .the Regina daily
papers, which they declined to publish; only the barest announcement
being made that the meeting would
be held In the Labor Hall. And
then ministers profess to wonder
why people do not attend church,.
We were told that the war was
fought to make the world safe for
democracy. This was a conflict of
brute force and the I-ord was on
the aide of the big battalions. There
is now another war raging to make
democracy safe for the world and
the Lord seems to be against the
"under dog." In addition to the
fact that during the recent Winnipeg strikes the Union Government
ln 40 minutes, cancelled constitutional rights which had bcen unchallenged for upwards of 300
years. There are subtle, secret
forces at work, inside established
institutions, to deny even the ordinary rights of free speech and a
free press,
The Progressive Provinoe
Saskatchewan boasts of being one
of the most progressive provinces
In the Dominion of Canada; but the
reactionary forces are nt work as
never before in successful raids upon free discussion and free contro-
versey. Because a speaker from the
central ofllce of tho Saskatchewan
Grain Growers' Association, recently, discussed In a general way, some
pressing public questions, during a
Saturday evening Community Club
meeting at Expanse, Sask.—a small
town on the Shavnavon line of the
C, p, R.—A political heeler raised
a disturbance and caused the cancellation of tho said speaker's second meeting, on Sunday evening,
which had bcen announced te be
delivered in the Union Church of
that* town. The same man who was
mainly responsible for thli denial
of free speech, on Monday morning
expounded his barber-shop philosophy (?) declaring that any man
who did not smoke, drink or have
immoral relations with women was
no lit company for a whlteman. Ood
help any political party, or any
thurch which has to fall back Upon
men with auch low and immoral
Minister Interrupted ln Church
„ About the same time the Rev-
Thomas Beveridge, B.A., B.D., of
Melba, Manitoba, who ls a Presbyterian minister as well as an editor,
'was Interrupted during his sermon
in Estevan, Sask., by a defeated
old-time partizan political candidate
because the said minister-editor exercised his prerogative to discuss international peace,      .
The battle for making democracy safe for the world is on .and
emphasizes the lining up of the
forces of humanity into the two
camps—the exploiters and the exploited. This is not setting class
against class—it is merely pointing
out the sad fact that this line-up
already exists and it behooves each
of us to decide ^or ourselves to
which of these warring hosts ,we
The more the liberties of the*ex-
ploited are interfered with, the
sooner will come the day when that
section of the. exploited, who now
are ignorant or indifiierent, ..jWlll
awaken to the conditions described
by Professor W. H. Alexander of
Alberta University, who, during, an
address tn Easter week, ln tjnqx
Church, Calgary, told 500 bush^isis,
men of that city, that : "Freeflow
of speech is the only guarantee the
world gives against tyranny,*J0 iq
suppress opinion is to invite de^
structlon; for It seems to imply ^hM
the institutions attacked are not intellectually defensible—-which i .jjjg
far from admitting,"
Airplanes, Machine Guns, Spies
Soldiers Overrun Entire
"At present there are between
35,000 and 70,000 British troops in
Ireland," said Henry W. Nevtoon,
of the London Nation. 'Thero are
nearly 4000 political prisoners in
prison under no charge, and with,
no hope of trial, under that scandalous counterpart of your Espionage Act, the 'Dora/ In the last
three months 20,000 private houses
havo been raided. Liberty Hall,
the Dublin headquartera of the Labor Party, Is under the cold threat
of a machine gun levelled upon Its
windows. The air is black with
airplanes, the country iU black with
spies and soldiers and police. And
upon this country, which in the last
hundred years has lost half its population through famine and misery
under England's rule. England ts
heaping the final insult of the present Home Rule Bill.
Australia Makes Better Provisions
for Incapacitated
Owing to the fact that there is
considerable discontent at the
smallness of pensions paid to incapacitated returned soldiers in
Australia, the Australian Government has agreed to Increase the
basic1 rate of pensions from $7.20
to $10,08 per week for totally Incapacitated men. The scale has
definite relationship to those whose
incapacity is of a more or less temporary nature—that is, those, who
while totally incapacitated, have
reasonable hope of regaining some
earning capacity and partial or
complete physical rehabilitation.
In the case of a wife of such a
soldier an increased allowance has
been made from $3.60 to $4.32 per
week, thus making the total
amount received 'by such a soldier
and his wife $14.40 per week: The
rates'for children continue the
same as before, A soldier permanently deprived of earning power,
and no hope of regaining tt, will
receive a pension of $19.20 per
week, exclusive of the pension
paid to his wife and . children.
Blind soldiers are similarly provided for. * Pension rates for
widows with dependent children
have been raised to $10.08 per
week, with the right to get higher
rates if circumstances demand it.
The basic rate for widows without
children is $5.64 per week in ordinary circumstances. There are
also pro rata Increases in the rates
of pensions paid to partially Incapacitated men, but these pensions
will be ot a diminishing sum, according to the progress made by
such a man in getting back to civilian life.
The proposed rates only apply to
those soldiers receiving a lower
rate than $10.08 per week under
the scheme. The rates for ranks
above that of lieutenant are not affected, except in the special case
where the Tate of $19.20(:Js .provided. These special rates, however,
have no relation to rank.      .,<_
The new, rates paid are rooffe In
approximation with what I$Jbor ln
Australia has demanded £o.iy the
maimed and injured soldiers, and
a great advance on what wm originally proposed by the any-Jj/tbor
government. The continue^ (Saltation by the Labor Party for a
higher rate has materially. jjielped
to force the government w.,3 pay
these new rates.
All Trades In Shipyard Are'Out for
an Increaso of Their Daily
Port Arthur, Ont.—As'a result
of the walkkout on Saturday of a
number of men, practically all the
unions employed at the Port Arthur
shipyards followed the lead and
went out on strike Monday afternoon, so that of the 1000 men on
the payroll only about 125 are left.
The management says It, will give
employment to these men as long
as they remain but'wlll do nothing
toward a compromise with those
who have gone out on strike. The
men are out for an increase of
All-of the so-called "rights" that
the workers of this country are supposed to possess are lost at the
flrst attempt to make use ot tli«m.
..May ll, lit*
We Have No Democracy,
Bat Have Plutocracy
.   and Hypocrisy
' In starting.out on his talk at
the Royal theatre on Sunday evening, on "The Patriotism of Revolt,"
Dr. Curry noted two great forces
making for the inevitable overthrow of the capitalist system; onc
was the development of under-
standing, and the oLher was economic pressure translated Into suffering. He woe apparently in the
mood to be somewhat despondent
so far as the former of these was
concerned, the human ox being Indisposed to move So long as he's
"got something to chew;" the
charge would come rather by tho
breakdown of tho system Itself.
"The employer can't sell his goods
at the necessary price, and so he
simply stops operating."
Change the universal law, and,
if people understood that, they
would not try to obstruct It Tet
there were even workingmen ob
jcctlng to the change that was coin*
Ing over society. They should
rather get to understand the forces
making for change, and then use
them to promote human happiness
and prosperity. The whole object
of the Labor movement was life,
more life and happiness. That was
the great object of all true patriots.
There were two great classes of
society. Though there seemed to
be also an indeterminate "twilight"
element, yet In the main there wore
two opposing classes of people; the
capitalists owned the earth and the
machinery of production, while the
workers merely sold themselves
from day to day, and from year to
To the capitalist class, patriotism
meant everything tending to their
interests as rulers and owners;
while everything tending to deprive
them of their right to rob the work-
ers was treasonable. It was, in
fact, trying to deprive them of their
oconomic basis, which they naturally resented, "After all, you can't
blame them; self-preservation being the flrst law of nature." The
state waa simply the instrument
whieh they had devised to protect
them In their right to exploit. .
"The original sin," lha thing that
Is cursing the world today, la simply human slavery—when one class
gets on the back of another class,
reaping where they have not sown."
Marx had shown that theawerkers
could not free themselves without
freeing the whole of humanity once
for all. .
But hundreds were now In jail
for trying tb bring peace and prosperity to the human race. The punishment of rebels was natural; tt
was simply history under Spartacus, tens of thousands of them
were destroyed. The early Christians, standing for collective owner-
ship and the abolition of clsufa rule,
realized the futility of force and
trusted to a miracle; yet they were
similarly met by brute force—by
the Iron heel of the state. In 1848
and 1871 lt was the same story;
the Communards intended not to
destroy life, but te preserve it; but
the bourgeosle and the Prussian
military together crushed them,
slaughtering something like 40,000
men, women and children in the
streets of Paris.
"Today," said Dr. Curry, "there
ia a universal class struggle; it will
not ceaso until humanity is over
the top and the co-operative commonwealth is here." What they
called patriotism, was not patriotism lh the true sense of the word.
The country of Canada was controlled by a small clique—a few
bankerfe, manufacturers, railway
men, ete. pid they ever hear of
any great question, such as that of
wax or peace, being put up to the
people T "We have no democracy
worth the name. We have a hypocrisy and a plutocracy, but no real'
One of the greatest Indications of
the nature of the present system
was the way they ground up the
life-blood of children. No other
ruling class had been so regardless
of child-life as the modern ruling
elates. In Russia they realised that
health was their greatest asset, and
particularly that of the children.
In the United States, on the other
hand, there were three million
children, between the ages of 10
and 16 years, tolling In industry,
ln addition to five million women
workers. Down south, apparently,
there were no Labor laws regulating the employment of children,
who were found tolling In the mills
from the age of 5 years, with a
church next door to help in perpetuating the slavery. Child labor in
the United States had increased
200 per cent, tn the last seven
years. In Russia, the only privileged class wero the children; and
Amalgamation of All Needle Trades
Will Very Soon Be
Chicago—A flrst practical step
toward alliance of all the needle
tradefe in America was taken on
Friday at the biennial convention
of the International Garment
Workers Union here, when M. Zar-
ltsky, president of the United Cloth
Hat and Cap Milkers of North
America, addressed the International and emphatically endorsed
the plans for an alliance, "such an
alliance is absolutely necessary in
the struggle for the economic, and
political emancipation of the working class," he declared. "The
struggle of Labor Us no longer merely one of shorter hours and better
wages. It is one for emancipation.
It is a combat of enlightenment
against darkness."
When through with this paper,
pass it on.
that was the thing the capitalist
governments had been trying to destroy.
Slavery tn general was based on
brute force and Ignorance—a thing
for thoi ruling class to be proud ofl
They wtehed to keep the people
blind; the press and the church
were used In pulling the wool over
people's eyes. The fact that the
Methodist Church had been able to
raiso six million dollars in a few
days showed that tho church waa
In the hands of the capitalist class.
From Rufasia, however, came the
report of 11,000 schools established
for the real education of the people, with provision made for the
best literature, art, etc., under, the
direction of Maxim Gorky. This
was in line with the view of Belfort
Bax that, after the people are well-
fed, well clothed, and well sheltered, the real thlnga begin—the
things really worth while, the
higher things of life.
Human happiness, the speaker
inflated, was the first thing; any
'system based on anything else was
treason to tho human race—to the
best there Is in' the world. "The
question is, are we going up or
down? Are we strong enough to
overthrow the capitalist class, or
are we going to be destroyed?" The
speaker answered his own question:
"Wtth understanding, I believe we
will move In the right direction."
(Applause) ,
The audience was not quite as
large as it has been of late, possibly owing to the rain. A discussion of some length, however, was
maintained, with the participation
of Mrs. J. A, Clark aa chairman,
and various members of the audience.
Rochester, N. Y.—In the course
of the hearing of the suit of
Michaels, Stern & Co., ot Rochester,
against the Amalgamated Clothing
Workers of America, for $100,000
damages and a permanent injunction, Professor Felix Frankfurter,
of Harvard University, offered to
prove, by a mass of economic data,
that the Amalgamated Clothing
Workers have achieved Important
social and economic gains and that
they have promoted the publie interest
A year from now the question of
what to do with ex-President Wilson ls going to be more perplexing
than ever. Some times it bothers
to know what to do with them before they are ex-ed. \
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1.00 Dorlna Face Powder ............ .06
.2S Blectric Oil  - .IB
.60 Hind's Hooey and Almond
Cream - ,80
.60 Reld's Kidney PilU  - 26
.25 FrostlUa 10
1.00 Rold's Burdock and S&rsapt-
rllla    -   .70
.40 Saniflush   28
.SO Reid'a Sago and Sulphur 33
.00 California Syrup of Figs  42
.50 Pobeco Tooth  Paste  20
.25 Nature's Remedy Tablets ..:. .16
.50 Velnor Shninpoo  25
.35 California Citrus Cream  10
*.50 Herplcide    38
.a5 Reld'a Liver Pilla  13
.50 Chaae'a Nerve Food  36
.85 Minard'a  Liniment   21
.50 Reid's Eczema Ointment 26
.25 Aspirin Tablets, 5 grs., 10c doi.,
3 dot. for - 26
1.00 Bttro Phosphate   .73
.25 BoechomVPIlla  .. .".. .17
.60 Cuticiira But mont  .«— .31
.25 Snap   ...!T..„ 16
Above pricei include. War Tax
Vancouver Drug Co.
—-Sera 8tom—
tos Butinn w s>r. uu
7 Haitian W -..Ser. 888»
Ml tlullnn E. —..Sey. 3082
Til Granville 81  Ser. 7011
1700 Ooinmcrci.l Drlv. ....High.    211
Qranvllle end Broadway Bar. 2114
Broadwer end Ueln —.....-Feir. 4088
Phono Seymour 23fi»
820 Granville St Vancouver, B. C.
Be consistent and demand the Union Stamp on your boeti and
shoes. The following local firms are (air to Organlied Lahor and
ara worthy of yonr patronage and eupport:
J. Leckie Co., Ltd.. 220 OemMe Street.
Harvey Boot Shop, 61 Cordova St. W.—Onitott MeWnf ud Bepallf,
W. J. Heade. 20 water Street—Ciutom Making end Repair..
MecLacMan-Taylor Co., es Oordova Street  Wost—Cu.tom  MaUnf
end Bepelre.
Dunsmuir Boot Shop. 6J1 Dunamulr Street—Custom Meklnf aal
"Bodeley" Shoe Bepalr Company, 1047 OrenvlUe Street.
Stenderd Shoe Bepalr shop, 618 Bobien Street.
M. B. Thome, 256 Kingsway.
Woods, Ltd., "K" Boot Shop, Cordon ul Hestlnie street Weet.
H. 0. Spaulding, 6071 Fraser Street, ioatfc Vucouver.
O. B. Tunn. 1439 Commercial Drive.
t. Welle, S761 Mela Stnet
,F. reulsen, 861 Broadway Best,
Be progressive, Mr, Shoe Repairer, and get la touch with SecreUry Tom Cory, 446 Vernon Drive,
Prices UP or DOWN?
. Docs the Lady who Aops want the facts t Will aht
i pay an UP price or a DOWN! *....___._],-*. .. -.4
[ Famous is conducting a sale that is a direct invito
\ tion to you. We want you to help reduce prices.
[ Bargains that mean prices under halt, that asked elao-
) where for garments that can only approach—can ne/or
| surpuss the famous product *
From Maker
To Wearer
The Home of
Authentic Style
WUl Not Aid In Uie False Propaganda Campaign for Open
Minneapolis, _Minn.—Members of
the Typographical union employed
on the Tribune,.a morning newspaper, have refused to set matter
for an advertisement advocating
the open shop.
For over two weeks full page ada,
Inserted by the Citizens' Alliance,
have been appearing ln the dally
papers, filled with what members
of organized labor claim to be false
statements. It has been common
practice for the dally papers ln
this city to refuse advertising from
labor unions, and In retaliation the
Typographical union has refused to
be a party to spreading false propaganda.
It is rumored that In case the ads
are set up by printers on the other
two papers, the stereotypers and
pressmen will refuse to work on
any Issue containing the advestlie-
Guaranteed Coal
If our coal is not satisfactory to yon, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
ooal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
You to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymou 1441 ud 4S5
Chicago.—With two panels of
hundrod veniremen practically exhausted and a third hundred ' um-
moued, the trail of the 24 membera of the Communist Labor Party
after four days of severe grilling
o'f prospective jurors by attorneys
on both Bides has resulted ln nothing more than that three men have
been tentatively accepted. Even
these may yet be excused on peremptory challenges.
Your Food Bill WiU
Be Less If You Shop
the "Marketaria"
Mot only will ths prlc* b. Ini
—but tbt quality of everything I
•ell U guaranteed to bt tko belt.
Give nt a trial order today sad
let me proYe It.
I wish to draw to yonr attention  ray   epeeial   prices   on
Malkin's   BeBt   l>nion   and
Vanilla Extracts il 8-oi. bot*
ties, at  „ 86o
I6-01. bottles at  |1.15
Take Advantage ot this offer
now, aa tho law forbids the
sale of extracts in any larger
else thaa 4-oi. bottles after
June 1st.
Fresh    Reastod    Coffee,    ground
while  you wait,  at,  lb 65c
Te*—A epoclal  blend  of brokea
Orange Pekoe,  worth  70c   Uy
price, por lb. ...., .. 808
Marmalade, in 2-lb. tins, at....45o
Blue Bibbon reaches, in 5-lb tar-
t«ns, at |1.60
Standard Invalid Fort, per large
bottle  75e
Kennedy's Ginger Wine, per large
'    bottlo   .66c
Pacific B. O, Milk, large cans, 3
'or   - —860
BUTTEB— Fresh   churned,    new
cross creamery; extra apocl*!, 8
lbs. for  |2,io
Hucoa—The new nut butter, per
i[*  40c
Crisco for frying, 1-lb. tlna ....SBc
3-lb. tins for .$1.05
KtUogg't Com Flakes, ykge. ..10o
Local New Laid Efgs, Freeh daily,
per  dos.   „.. ...en
Ohteae, prime flne Ontario, lb...3Bo
Yellow Sugar, B. O., in 10-lb.
i»to — — ~w.se
PUct Brand Sardines, tin loa
Tho Home of Quality
'    Seymour  12M
Phou Seymoar 719,
Ihlrt  Floor,  World  BaUilliif,   T*
coQT*r, B. 0.
Greatest Stock of
In Greater Vancouver
Replete In every detail
U ButUfi IU*rt WmI
wbut tou ask roa
ud Hm-tleohollo w1»m of til
Labor Power Regenerated
—at tho—
Heals of the Best—Frieea
P. Gibb
67 Cordova St. W.
Near th* Loggen' Hall
Sana labor. The Coupon*
with each package aro a
value ia themielvei.
THESE flne Spring day, make you want to «et oat floors aa4
enjoy your8el.es. '   ,
Whether you are a disciple of Isaac Wilton or a baseball «i-
thuslost, wa are hero to take care of your overy need. We hava
the largest stock of high-grade Ashing tackle and sporting goodi
ln British Columbia, all moderately priced,
$2.50 PER YEAR,
Lumber and Camp Workers
—Industrial Unit News—
Camp Reports
Gray & Drummond Log Company
Men having difficulty In getting
their wages. Have had to file liens.
Conditions are punk.
SECHELT— Booth Xx>£. Oo.
Biz bunkhouses, 18x24, eight
■Ingle bunks in each. Bedding furnished, sheets and pillow cases
changed weekly. Beds made up
every day. Two shower baths and
wash room. Good cook and good
grub. Ten minutes on company's
time morning and noon on account
of the long walk to work. Meetings held weekly. Board $1.50 a
day with $1.00 a week for blankets.
Company's gas boat to Sechelt every
day. Fare from Vancouver, $1.55,
Boom Camp
At a meeting held In camp recently, it was decided that this
camp favor a general strike, In
order to eliminate blacklisting
against members of this organization.
It was also moved and seconded,
"that this camp go on strike 24
hours every time men come to
eamp who have been hired at tho
■mploycrs' Labor Agency.
Further, it was movod and sec-
ended, "that camp committee inform foreman that Bert Smith refine* to pay his duefe to this union,
also «Alf. Anderson refuses to pay
dues, Md the meeting demands
that they either pay up or get out."
Contribution to the defence fund
from the Cribb camp, Kingcome
River, amounted to $1.60.
'the following resolution was moved
and seconded by returned soldiers,
which carried unanimously, pledging our support to thetr cause,
which Is our own, until they are
free and the rights of organized
labor safeguarded:
"Resolved that this meeting of
150 employees of the Tie and Timber Department, C. P. R., met in
May Day celebration, consisting of
returned soldiers and other workmen, and vigorously protested
against the sentence of our comrades and thcir co-workers who
were the spokesmen of labor ln the
Winnipeg strike, 1910, and now
serving viyylng terms of imprisonment in Stony Mountain penitentiary!
We demand their speedy release
and thc amendment of the sedition
and labor law in order that similar
sentences may be impossible in the
future. We do solemnly pledge
our moral and financial support to
them nnd tho Winnipeg defense
fund until such time as they are
released and the case closed. Be It
further resolved that copies of this
resolution be forwarded to the
Prime Minister, the Minister of
Justice, the Minister of Labor, Dr.
Bonnel, M. P. for East Kootenay,
the One Big Union Bulletin, and
the B. C. Federationist."
A hearty vote of thanks was
given to the fellow-workers of
Oamps 5 and 9 and another to the
cook for her trouble in making the
cake and coffee. We dispersed
about 11:30 p.m. after a very pleas-,
ant time and in flne fettle, as none
had a fat head, booze being conspicuous by its absence.
DEL. 2203.
Two meetings have bcen held ln
the district recently at which Fellow Worker Hagwell placed before
the members the case of the locked-out miners In the Crow's Nest.
At Faulkner's camp he collected
1(7.15, at a small meeting held In
the Merritt Hall a further sum of
$10.00 was contributed. Those
amounts, with $1,00 received from
a worker have been sent to Blairmore.
Charter Lnmber Company
In reply to the statement Issued
b. the B. C. Federatlonist on April
If, by our most honorable delegate
Wo. 55, wo wish tb recall hia un-
ttwught words. As to their being
inly two union men ln this camp
at that time, we wish to state we
we 100 per cent, organized. If he
had been at all up to his job an
lelegate for our organized union,
why, we wish to ask, did he not try
and organize the men as he Is supposed to? We must also state that
the cook house has undergone a
change and the reason why we are
enable to get a white cook is
through hts quick tempered words.
Our camp at present is temporary
and the permanent site Is now being cleared. As to the nine hours
ft day system, we wish also to rec
tify this statement, as the whistle
blows at 10-8 and 10-1 for the
purpose of calling the men from the
cook house, not to start the nine
hours a day as he has stated.
We wish to state also that all requirements the men need the management arc always willing to sat-
' /y them us far an possible.   Work
arted here May 3rd and all men
fere signed' up  May   1st   before
derations startd.
No. 1804.
Yahk—Camp 4.
On May 5 a special meeting was
hold to discuss the question of a
cook, as the previous ono had quit
on April 23 and the flunkey and
bis wife had taken over the Job
as a stop gap until a regular cook
could be obtained. As thore was
no evidence of one being forthcoming, the boys decided it was necessary to take some action. The manager stated that he was experiencing difficulty in getting a cook and
the men were therefore willing to
put up with a certain amount of
inconvenience. It was decided to
stay In i-amp until a new cook was
got and the foreman to be interviewed to see what efforts were being made to secure one. The foreman was Invited to come to the
meeting, he refused, saying, "He
had done ull he could to get a cook
and those not satisfied with the
grub could do the same as he- was
going to do, go down the road.'
The members decided to roll up and
go down In a bunch, no one to pull
out until all were ready. Ono member was given permission to remain
fn camp for a day or two as he
was unable to walk. It was recorded in the minutes that no blame
was attached to those who were
working tn the cook house as they
had never made any pretence of
being cooks but were simply fllling
the position until a qualified person
could be obtained. Upon arrival ln
Yahk a meeting was held as the
"walker" had seen some of the boys
and had stated that there would be
an Immediate change at the camp
and arrangements had been made
for a new cook to be on the job
Immediately. As this remedied the
cause for the walk-out, motion was
adopted "that we return to Camp
4 as soon as the new cook is on
the job." Consequently the men
and the delegate will be back again
as soon as the camp re-opens.
Cnmp 0, Yahk
On the Invitation of the fellow-
workers at Camps 5 and 9, Tie and
Timber Department, Yahk, C. P. R.,
a very pleasant evening was spent
by 160 of us from Camps 3, 4, 5
and 9, and Johnson's Camp, when
cigars, cigarettes, apples, oranges,
cake and coffee were provided by
Camps 5 and 9. Three violinists
In turn provided dance music and
quadrilles, waltzes and the one-step
were enjoyed by several lively ones.
Fellow-worker J, Oladstone gave
an exhibition of stop-dancing and
the sword dance. Fellow-workers
Allen and Griffiths entertained us
with songs which were highly appreciated.
Fellow-worker G. Anderson acted
as chairman and gave a short address, thanking the others for their
eupport In carrying out the programme. Fellow-worker Fay gave
a resume of conditions ln Europe,
Australia and India, Reference was
made to the fellow-workers in
Btony Mountain penitentiary, when
Oenersl H»dquHteri:
Vsncouver, B. 0.; E. Winch, 01 Cordova Street W«t.
Cranbrook,  B. O.i  J. H. Thompion,
Box 18.
Cranbrook   District—Legal    adviser:   George Hpreull.
Kamloops, B. C; J. L. Peterson, Box
012, 3 Victoria Street.
Mtrrit, B. Ci W. S. Elinor, Box 8.
Nelson, B. C; B. Barrow, Gtnaral
Delivery. .
Meetings aro held In the O. B. U.
Hall, HftkiT Street, Nelson, on thi
first and' third Sunday of each
month at 3 ji.ui,
Princo Goorge, B, O.; J, SUrenson,
Drawer 20.
Prinoe Bupert, B. 0.; J. H. Burrough,
Box 833.
Vanconver, B. 0.; J. M. Clarko, 81
Cordova Street Weit.
Vietoria, B. 0.; E. Waterloo, 1421
Government Street.
Bdmonton, Alta.; 0. Berg, 10333—
101st Street East.       .
Prince Albert, Sask.; Goo. Tetter. 108
—8th Street Bait
Winnipeg, Man.; Lnmberwerkeri' Union, 106 Hoary Avenne.
Sndbury, Ont.; Wfi Cowan, Box 1631,
Xdagai Street.
Tort Prancis, Ont.; T. Mace. Box 390,
Webstar Ball.
Conatt, Ont.; J. D. Cluney, 16 lane
limmini, Ont.; lAnUrworkeri District Secretary, XIV, Cedar Street
t. O. Box 200.
Montreal; U. BlMtte, 98 Bt Laurent
Vancouver District Secrotary: 01 Car-
dove Street Wait.
To All Membera
At meetings held In different
camps, discussions have been held
re the wages of the delegates elected to the general convention, to he
held in Winnipeg ln July, As only
transportation is being paid to the
delegates by the union, member's in
different camps havo decided that
funds should be obtained to defray
the expenses of thc delegates.
The matter was taken up by the
district executive board, and it was
decided to have an assessment of
50c put up to the members. We
have been unable to decido the
amount to be allowed to the delegates, o!s some of tho executive
board want one thing and others
want another. The matter Ib, how
ever, being take up with the execu<
tive board, and notice will be given
as to how much will be allowed to
each delegate.
' It Is the duty of each member to
see that they pay their assessment,
so that the money obtained will be
divided equally amongst the members.
This is nn official notlco that the
a^se'ssmeut will be taken. Notification Is also being sent to members and delegates at the different
camps. m
convention, ejected this fellow-
worker to the executive board to
help administer the affairs of the
organization. He haa been only
obeying the dictates of the members who elected him to that position. His chief crime is that he
went Into the strongholds of the
mining Interests and tried to get
tho men who had not yet joined
tho O. B. U. to do so. As you
know, the mining Interests do not
like to see their employees organized in the O. B. U., as It would
mean less profit for them. Naturally the workers if they are organized, would demand better, conditions, shorter hours and more
wages, The boss is very particular
that his rights, that of exploiting
the slave to the fullest extent, shall
not bo abridged, therefore he Is
using all forces at his disposal to
crush any attempt the workers
mako at organization. Are we going to sit Idly by and see this accomplished? Because that Is
what Is going to happen if we do
not at this time make a decided
stand In support of our representative. Shall we, the workers, demand the right to organize ln any
organization we consider Is best
fitted to protect our interests, or are
we going to be content to see the
men who have some backbone and
courage hounded throughout the
country and thrown into prison?
We as workers have failed to do
our 'duty to the men whom we
elected to act as our officials and
spokesmen. We give those men
certain Instructions and orders. We
demanded that they carry them
out. They have done so, now they
are behind the bars, and some of
us are going around with mournful
expressions and saying that It Is
too bad and a whole lot of other
things, but that is the limit of your
assistance. Fellow-workers, do you
realize the seriousness of the situation? It does not seem eo; it appear! you do not care whether
those men are Imprisoned or not,
just so long as you are free, but it
might be your turn next. It takes
more than words to win this fight,
Bympathy will never get these men
out of jail. You did not hear of
the authorities ln Great Britain arresting any of the spokesmen of
the workers; It is not because they
do not want to, but because they
are afraid to. The organized workers In that country would not stand
for it.
It Is time the workers ln Canada
wake up to the fact that unless they
organize with their fellow-workers
In the O. B. U, the conditions under
which they live will become more
severe, If that Is possible. They
told us In 1914 that we were going
overseas to make tho world safe for
democracy, and that the old way
would pass away, and that the
worker would have a better and
freer life. Of course some of us
did not believe their fairy tale and
our disbeliefs have been further
strengthened. Yes, we are tree just
jas long as we submit to the commands of our ntaster, but let any
one of you dare raise your voice
In protest against the present system, then you will flnd out how
much freedom you have. The
writer received a lettor from a
camp doctor,' In which he stated
that the men were living under
worse conditions in camp than the
soldiers did In the trenches, and
quite a number of you know how
rotten they were. He kicked against
the rotten conditions, demanding
that the Health Act be lived up to,
He received -fhe same treatment as
all the workers do when they protest, being told that If he did not
tike It he knew what he could do.
Are those the kind of conditions
that thousands of workers sacrificed
their lives for? Fellow-workers,
what side of the fence are you on?
You must either be with the workers or against them. The capitalist
class need no urging to protect their
Interests; they recognize their class
and line up solidly to prdtect those
interests. The workers must do
as they, line up with the class to
which they belong, that of the
working class. They tell us there
Is no class struggle and that the
employing and the working class
should live In harmony. Their idea
of harmony is that they shall have
the ripht to exploit the worker to
ers than the employers, and $he
A. F. of L. was not out to flght
the employers but to put tlie
O. B. U. out of business. $The
A. F, of L. attitude prevents any
action being taken, as their votei
to scab would probably be carried
out, at least if the rank and pie
continue to listen to one or two
leaders. The declaration of war
Is all right with us and if it makes
the A, F. of h. rank and flle find
out a few things about both organizations we have no fear of the
outcome. As one of them put it,
"If.we strike with the O. B. TJ. It
will only result In most of our
members going over to O. B. .U."
Evidently saving the _A. F. of tt. Is
of greater importance to thom than
winning eight hours,
This organization which threatens to scab on us is the eame as
the one to which we O. B, U.'s
gave hundreds of dollars to help In
the Bloedel & Donnovan strike last
year ln Washington (Beilingham).
A former O. B. TJ, member joined
their organization last Sunday. He
used to be an organizer for them,
and as his views were broader than
theirs, they threw him out of the
meeting. He decided after all the
O. B. U. looked good to htm.
The O. B. U, secretary tried to
get them to have a joint meeting
with us for the purpose of conducting the strike and electing a committee. ThiB was turnod down, .as
they had no authority for such
action from some Moses down In
Rhln elan der, Wis. Who this Moses
is I don't know, as the president of
District No. 2 was present.
This is the kind of thing that is
pushing forward the O. B. U; In the
States. .
Port Arthur District
Russel Timber Company at Port
Arthur. The members here have
decided to put this company on the
unfair Ust as the O. B. U. members have a hard time to get their
wages due them.
Sudbury District
Fellow Workers,—The Sudbury
district ot the Lumber Workers' Industrial Union of the O. B. TJ. is
making a special appeal for funds
for the defense of Fellow-worker
Monaldi, who was arrested at
Crelghton Mine, Saturday, April 24.
He Is charged with having illegal
literature contrary to the orders-in-
council; seditious utterances and
vagrancy.   Bail is set at $3000.
McMurray, ono of the lawyers
who defended the fellow-workers at
Winnipeg, Is ln charge of the case.
Fellow workers, the master class
ls out to crush any attempt the
workers make to organize to better
their conditions. We have seen the
tactics they used In Winnipeg. They
will not hesitate to use the same on
any member of the working class
who dares to raise his voice in protest against the rotten conditions
that edit at present.
Am we, the workers,* going to sit
Idly by and see our fellow-workers
railroaded to prison, or are we going to give them our support. Remember this Is your flght, and we
must put up a determined flght
against the forces of re-action.
To* tht delegates to tho Sudbury
contained In their hides, and give
them In return the cheapest kind
of living possible; also as soon as
any member of the working class
raises any objection, or demands
that he and his fellow slaves should
have a little more of the product
of thetr toll, he Is pounced upon
and thrown into prison and charged
with sedition, or some other charge
trumped up by the loyal henchmen of the capitalist class. That
is his idea of harmony, a willing,
submissive slave class.
Money Is needed for the defense
of Fellow-worker Monaldi. Don't
give as little as possible, but dig
down and give all you can. Fellow-
workers, wake up, organize; and
with the strength of your organization demand the release of your
fellow-workers who are ln jail for
doing what you ordered them to
Send all monies to W. Cowan,
Box 600, Sudbury, Ont,, or to James
Law, secretary of defense fund,
Winnipeg, Man.
Yours for emancipation,
General Secretary's
On April 8, I had to leave Vancouver to attend a meeting of the
O. B. U. executive at Winnipeg. Before leaving meetings were held
with executive members Clarke
and Lamont, who were of the
opinion that it was necessary that
I go east so as to get acquainted'
with'the local conditions.
Among other businoss brought up
at Winnipeg, was an enquiry as to
whether Fort Arthur district of the
Lumber Workers could, if it so desired, link up with the local Central
Labor Council and function^
through that body instead ot
through the headquarters of their
own Industrial organization. Every
member of the executive was of the
opinion that any body of workers,
who thought their Interests could
bo.advanced by doing so, should
have thc right to link up with any
other body of Workers to whom
such an arrangement was mutbally
agreeable. 'A motion to that effect
was passed, also one that the district proposing to take such action
should first fulfill its obligations to
the headquarters of its industry.
Whilst in Winnipeg telegrams were
received from Fort Frances, Port
Arthur and Sudbury districts calling for me to go to thoso places.
Before leaving Winnipeg an opportunity occurred to visit the Jail and
see the strike prisoners who were
all together behind the bars, with
their close-cropped hair and prison
garb. They were in the.best of
spirits and quite willing to continue
the fight whether In jail or out. At
Fort Frances I addressed a public
meeting of lumber workers on the
respective merits of the A. F. Of L.
and O. B. U. form of organization.
The only work of organizing In the
camps of this district has been done
by the L. and C. W., but the International Timberworkers has a
local in the sawmill with from 120
to 160 members. The O. B. U. has
about the same number in' this mill
and there are about 100 not -yet
organized. The men are working
a ten-hour day for $5, which rate
Is the highest ever ever paid them,
and had only been in operation
about a month. A demand was being made for an eight-hour day
with the same wage. The men were
Waiting for the river drive to start
The problem of organizing the
East Is a larger problem than appears at the first glance to the man
In the West, who has had an Intensive education in the industry o£
the Pacific coabt, and the propo-
ganda carried on by the class-conscious workers of that area. ;:.
The   workers   of  this   counfxjft?? «* * was intended to demand
who understand anything about or-;l*fae'Sht-hour d8y'
ganization are organized and are
fighting solidly for better working
conditions, hours of labor, rates o£
pay and living conditions, but are
faced with the almost Insurmountable obstacle of apathy and ignor-j
ance of the bulk of the workert
who work In the lumber camps,
mills, drives and construction campb
of this country. I
When we consider the number of
men that are organized, and the.
number that are unorganized, It is
appalling, and the problem ls how
to get theso men to understand the
benefits to bo derived from being
an organized body Instead of a rabble driven and herded Uke a lot of
sheep by the employers of labor.
The following are some of the
questions asked and reasons for not
joining a union of the working
class. If we raise wagee, the cost
of living will go higher ? We cannot make enough wages In 8 hours'
work. The employer cannot run
his business on an eight-hour basis.
The government Is against the O.
B. U. Have you got sick benefits?
When they do Join, they alsk: When
do we get the |G for eight hours'
work, etc., without end. These arc
the questions of the ones who-are
interested enough to ask, the rest
are static and say nothing.
The question of delegates ls a
serious one, as the men move all
the time In droves and change from
camp work to other work all the
time, and a camp that has a delegate and some union men this week
will have a new crew next week.
The problem has to solved, and
the only way to solve lt is by edu
cation, and It is not going to be accomplished In a tew months, regardless of what appears In the
papers, or what some individuals
say who have no idea of the con-
the last possible ounce of energy|aitions In thto country, and al-
»-i_-i .- **._.- «■»*" --•* -< — though there Ib quite a membership
It Is scattered. There are quite a
few offices to maintain, but the
work cannot be carried on without
them, and the amount of literature
required Is enormous, as we have
not only to supply the member, but
every worker we can reach, as that
ls one of the most effective methods
of organization, with men on the
road to explain organization to
them. This Is the task that the
L. & C. W. I. U. undertook whea
they decided to leave Brftlbh Columbia and go East. The problem
Is big, but not too big for the L. &
C. W. I. U. if the mon In the West
get solidly behind the class-conscious workers who are organized In
the East, and the only outcome of
the fight will be victory for the L.
& C. W. I. U. In Its flght for conditions fit for a human being to live
and work under.
h. w. Mcknight.
Organization in this district Is
proceeding smoothly. On the Shev-
lln Clark Drive, unloss the men
take action, wages are expected to
bo {6 for 24 hour!?, moro or less.
As some of the drives east of hore
Intend to get $5 or more for eight
hours, and overtime, thc members
In this district may also take action.
It is up to them. District 'No. 2,
A. F. of L., Timberworkers, which
Used to Include Ontario (that Is
local, Fort Frances) Is on strike
for eight hours. The A. F. of L.
Timberworkers' local here was officially notified from this offlce that
the O. B. U, men ln the mill are
ready to do their part If the A, F.
of L. wanted to strike. (A. F. of L.
had taken Initiative end ef winter
before O, B. U. got to town.) Although they were in A. F. of L. district No, 2, they refused to striko
or to co-operate In any way with
us and voted to scab on us if we
struck. They stated that the O.B.U.
waa a greater danger to the work-
Anyone knowing the whereabouts
of a donkey engine with boiler
number 530D please report Its location to Headquarters,
At Port Arthur on Sunday afternoon I addressed a public meeting
on organization matters, dealing
wth the local lumber workers'
Situation. Also spoke at a meeting
at Fort William on Sunday night at
which Comrades Heaps and Dunn
;of Winnipeg were the main speakers, As the Port Arthur, business
meeting was to be held on Monday
night I decided to stay for it so
.as .to have an opportunity of meeting the local members, Several of
whom I met ln their headquartera
during the day. Secretary Anderson stated that there was considerable Internal friction In the district
and that there was great dissatisfaction with, the manner ln which
tho ballot papers of the Port Arthur district convention had been
dealt with, besides which there
was strong evidence that the result
as reported was incorrect. At the
business meeting the members were
Invited to bring up any question
upon whieh they desired Information, and if they had any grievances
or charges against mo or any other
member of the executive to bring
samo before the meeting. Many
questions were asked and answered
and I am of the opinion that as a
result many members of Port Arthur district have now a better and
truer understanding of what the
general organization is and how it
functions than ever they had before. This opinion Is confirmed by
the fact that sinco returning to
Vaancouver I find that a number of
the members ot that district have
sent in a signed request that the
general executive make an Investigation into the matter of the counting of the vote in their recent district referendum.
I next went to Sudbury and
found this district in a most flourishing condition, with nearly throe
thousand members, ma.ny acttlve
delegates, solidarity throughout the
district and In all Its relations with
the general organization. At their
recent district convention they had
elected 15 delegates to tho July
general convention. They had also
gone on record insisting that special efforts be made to start a
French paper for the purpose of
organizing and educating tho tens
of thousands of workers In the
lumber industry In the East who
use only that language. This was
a matter which had alwayB been
Insisted upon by every ono who
had tiny knowledge of the eastern
situation, and had met with thc
approval of the executive members
beforo leaving Vancouver. Fel-
lotf-workers Cowan and McKnlght
were at Sudbury (Cowan was elected district secretary ajt their last
convention and McKnlght Is organizing on the river drives), and
lt was deemed necessary that I
should go to Montreal, as that is
a centre from which many thousands of camp workers sre sent all
Statement for Han.-h.Ulst, 1920
Receipts— i *J
Dues , _•,.,,$
Fees J;	
Delegates' remittances ',' $240.00
Less commission $41.50
Less expenses ,     138
 $ 42.88
District members ,	
O. B. U. Folders	
Balance on hand February 29      193.79
Wages $,   50.00
Rent       26.00
Stamps       ll.i
O, B. U. Cards	
Central Council per capita tax
Remitted to headquarters
Balance on hand Mnr-h 31 .,
over the country. Before leaving
Sudbury an arrangement was made
with the management of the Finnish paper, the "Vapaus," by which
this will henceforth be an official
organ of the organization, devoting
a page each week to our news. The
paper is issued twice a week and
bundles are now being sent to every
district so that every camp can get
copies. This paper has ever since
the O. B. U. came into existence
been a solid supporter of the organization and has rendered every
assistance - possible to the lumber
workers ever since It got busy on
eastern organization.
At Montreal I met Organizer Labell who, with Organizer Mawhln-
nle, has been doing great work
amongst the Eastern workers,
especially the French-speak Ing
ones. He was most emphatic that
a French paper was an absolute essential, and, having talked the matter over with the local O. B. U.
members, arrangements were made
for getting out a four-page paper,
issued twice a month, two pages
English and two pages French;
with the Idea that when In time the
organization covers a wider area
of French-speaking members more
space will bo devoted to that
language. The paper will deal particularly with Eastern organization
and educational matters, us it is the'
experience of all that the psychology of the Eastern workers la, generally speaking, entirely distinct
from that of the West. Matters of
general interest will also be dealt
with when space permits. The
paper Is called "Le Travailleur,"
or, In English, "The Worker."
Owing to climatic conditions many
workers In Montreal have to work
elsewhere during the winter, particularly the longshoremen, teamsters, and a large number of building construction workers. The majority, of these go to work In the
woods. Consequently, the O. B. U.
and Its form of organization is particularly adapted to their needs and
It Is hoped to get them to see this.
It Had been arranged with the
landlord at Montreal to take the
office on a lease, but he backed
down, stating that the Dominion
police at Ottawa had written him
concerning the organization. Ho
refused to show the letter, so I Informed him 1 would call upon that
body at Ottawa and flnd out the
reason for their action. We were
later able to get office accommodation right In the centre of the employment office district. I called
upon the Dominion Police at Ottawa and they ridiculed the Idea,
stating.that they were able to secure whatever information they
needed without having to refer to a
landlord. I complained of the fact
that many of our members, particularly the active ones, were always experiencing being watched
and Investigated by members of the
police on tlie supposition that they
were, or Intended to, engage In Illegal acts, whereas the employers,
who were deliberately nnd openly
violating the laws relating to sanitary conditions, were allowed to get
away with lt without any interference. They stated that they were
out to enforce the laws against one
and all and were just as ready to
assist us in compelling the employer to live up to them as thoy were
in seeing that we did so. They asked that definite cases of breaking |
the laws by employers be brought
to their attention. I went to see
Angus MacDonald, who was recently elected Labor member at Temis-
kaming district, and gave him information concerning the non-enforcement of the sanitary regulations and the recent arrest of Organizer Monaldi by a private policeman of the mining company at
Creighton Mine. I also interviewed
the. public press and gave them information of the deplorable Insanitary conditions In the camps and
the non-enforcement of the laws,
and the Intention of the organization to see that this was done. This
was given publicity in the papers.
I went to Toronto and took up
with the Ontario provincial chief
officer of health the matter of enforcing t]ie laws In the camps. He
stated that more attention would
be given to this in the future and
that arrangements were being made
to put three additional inspector?
to work and ulso an additional district officer. Wo dealt with the
question of the selection of medical
Jofllcers who are at present selected
by the employers, although tlie men
pay the whole of the expense, but
receive little or no benefit. He suggested that tho government take
over the selection and control of
the doctors, but It was pointed out
that as the men paid all the expenses by thcir dollar a month
medical fee that they should hy
right have full choice of doctor,
hiring and firing, or at any rate a
fifty-fifty arrangement wilh the
government In the selection and
supervision. This he would not
agree to, but the Minister of Labor,
Rollo, was more favorable ami saw
qo reason why some such arrangement could not be made. Thc hitter also expressed his willingness to
co-operate with the organisation
to the fullest extent possible in improving the camp conditions. I
dropped off at Sudbury on the way
back, reporting to executive member Cowan what had been done and
discussing matters ln general with
At. Winnipeg I made final arrangements for opening up a district office In the midst of thc employment offices, so ns to natch tho
men before leaving town for work
all over the country. Also took tip
wftli the management of Uk ran I an
Labor News the question of having
a page each wook In that pnper for
the purposo of inserting news ami
views of the organlznllon, • This
iui per is Issued t wico week ly,
When the final arrangements are
made this will have the effort of
giving thc organization regular
official publications in the English,
Finnish, French and Ukranlan
languages. It Is hoped that later
arrangements can be made to get
an Italian paper.
I found that the province of
Quebec has no regulations relating
to sanitary conditions ln camp. This
matter has been taken up with thc
department and ls likely to be
remedied In tho near future. As a
result of tho information obtained
I am convinced lhat there is a tremendous field for organization work
amongst the lumber workers of tho
East, the number of men engaged
In the industry it being Impossible
to estimate, but they number many
tens of thousand. The conditions
are unbelievable, and cannot be
adequately described. The terrl-
tpry is go vast and the number of
workers so great that fifty organizers would not be able to properly
handle the situation. The majority
of these must be French-speaking,
at least In the districts where the
language Is mostly spoken. At the
present time It ls impossible to secure the right men. Also owing to
the peculiar psychology of the
Eastern worker a special kind of
organizer Is required. One who can
understand them. One who Is able
to withhold the expression of his
own particular brand of Ideas as
to the ultimate outcome of social
and,industrial affairs, and who can
present the organization and Its
functions to these workers In such
a manner that he can, without misrepresenting the O, B, U. or its
purpose, show the men of the East
that the organization affords them
the possibility of securing those industrial conditions which they desire, or are entitled to. The organizer must also be one who Is
convinced that the opportunity Is
there to do the work; that the time
is now; and that it will consist of
hard work, much discouragement
and abuse from those without and
within the organization; great persona 1 Inconvenlences, and sometimes risks, and often very little
immediate results to show for much
hard work put in. Work has to be
done; work which some one has tb
do and work which in many cases
others will reap the credit for.
There fn the East is an unlimited
field for such men. Where aro the
During my absence the printers
held up 'for an unreasonable time
the "findings" of the investigation
committee. These have at last come
to hand and have been sent out.
Any camp not having received
copies, or desiring more, can get
same by writing for them.
Contributions to Maintenance Fund
. From Dahl tt Falk's camp, Village Bay, total amount, $232.07.
Contributions of $10, Oscar Sod-
erman and Jim Harlan.
Contributions of $7 each as fol-
ufl-s: A. Nelson, C. Batxer, A. Mc-
Loud, J. Lindberg, G. Halburg, Ed.
Fronberg, Frank Domlskle, Ed,
Carlson, C. O'Berg, J. H. Russell,
L, Aleff, Jas. McEackern, A. Oteen.
Contribution of $7.50 from Fred
Contribution of $0.76 from G.
Contribution of $9 from H.
Contributions of $6.50 each from
thc following: A. Stllchuk, J. Carty.
Contribution of $6 from Alex.
Contributions of $5.50 each from
the following: G. McKlnnell, J.
Watson, E. Marshell, J. E. Turner,
Frank Hood, Walter Louma, O.
Wynnuk, E. Newcombe, J. Rux-
bcrg, Walho Louma, W. J. Stewart.
Contributions of $5.35 from D.
Gllmore; J. Hedburg, $5; W. P.
Stack, $5.83; O. Wynnuk, $6; B.
Newcombe, $5; N. A. St. Denis,
Defence Fund
Contributions to defence fund
from Northern Cedar Log Co.
Drury Inlet, B. C, $38.
Contributions of $5 each as follows: R. Michclson, P, Mater.
Contribution of $3, J. Puply.
Contributions of $2 each as fol
lows: l\. N. Homer, A. H. Smith,
P. Carlson, H. Nestoruk, G. Hester,
H. Davidson, P. Mater, A. Garrison,
K. Nicminen, R. Dick.
Contributions of $1 each as follows: J. Wiling, Dan Smith, C.
Kelly, W. H. Hlnksman, J. Gorsgy.
Contributions from Dumusesq
Camp, Wellbare Channel:
Contributions of $5 each as follows: A, Johnson, J. Devou, D. W.
Chlcolm, Elmer Rockstead.
Contributions of $2 each as follow: Wm. Thompson, S. CcIHson,
T. Mosher, L. Bragg, A. M. Morrison. C. Jensen, C. LInder, G. Zallo,
C. Shaw, H. Currey, W. Mills, J.
Kirkland. F. Paradlce, F. Boudry,
W. MeMuhon, A. Johnston, H.
Contributions of $1 each as follows: M. A. McNeill, C. Alginson,
Frank Mlckvske, David Davles, A.
Rockstead, A. Romben, A. Jaklnen,
J. Uaekle. Wm. Day, 8. Benson. F.
Mosher. F. Brener, J, D. Self red ge,
J. Provinoal, M. Strom, G. Zailo,
M. Nelson, F. Mosher, W. Day, J.
Dumareeq, H. S. Riggs.
G. Glllis, $1; E. Joslln, $1; E.
Sawyer, $1; W. C. Streeter, $1; W.
Dny, $2; J. Bonnlville, $2; D. McMillan, $5: H. Gwnln, $5; Nick
Sawehuk, $1; J. Morln, $2; A. Le-
caire, $".
To the Editor: I think it wouli '
be of interest to the lumber work- '_
ers at large if they knew how j
some of the meetings ln camp ar*
conducted. This particular instance pertains to the general meeting held at Camp H at Rock Bay
on April 14.. After the meeting
was opened by one of the delegatea
present, nominations for chairman
were asked for and the same)
chosen. He immediately announced
that this meeting would be carried .
on in a proper manner and vote*
would be by ballot. Question being put and answered in the
affirmative. So far so good, but
right here Is where it started differently. Inasmuch as alt the crews
of all the camps had put in tha
same demands, the flrst of whicb
was an Increase of one dollar per
day ln wages, it seemed natural to j
many of the men that we should
jvote on the dollar question and
not on the 50 cents a day increase,
which had been granted by the
'company the previous day. But
the chairman ruled to that extent
and put the question In the following words: "We are voting on the
60 cents now, It will be ayes and
nayes. Yes means you vote for
the 50 cents and no means against,"
In spite of a correction he persisted in that form of speaking and
the upshot of it was that a num- ,
ber of men got the thing mixed tip,
and avowedly voted wrong, In consequence of which the 50 cents was
And next, when a member queried, when will this increase commence—the 15th of this month of
the 1st of May?—the chairman
again ruled that nothing could be
done before the 1st of May ia
spite of the fact that the superintendent of the company had stated
that'If the men Insisted on the increase on the 15th of April the
company would give in. The main
point though came to light when
the possibilities of a strike were
discussed and the chairman stated:
The O. B. TJ. is an outlaw organization, has no charter from the government and no funds to carry en
a strike, and never will have. Great
istress was laid on the Inability of
the men to carry any strike to any
successful conclusion, and therefore would have to take whatever
the company would offer.
It Is Just on account of the members acting so weak that the bosses
can handle them as they do. The
question of the size of the new
bunkhouses Is of more than passing Interest to all of the lumber
workers. Upon this question the
superintendent stated tlmt the
jcabins would be Il%x20 and have
[six single beds. Tlie secretary of
the meeting tried in vain to have
[the men insist on a definite size
larger than stated by the superintendent. The crowd ruled leave
that to thc company. Now here Is
whero the men and not the company deserve blame, for after the
meeting was over, the superintendent declared lt did not make any
difference to the company whether
tho bunkhouses wore a few feet
larger or not.
Fellow Workers: Much as I dislike devoting time or spnee to petty squabbles, yet. 1 cannot refrain
from doing so as some of you may
be fooled by the so-called Investigation committee report into swallowing as facts their Interpretation
of disjointed extracts from certain
individuals communications, nnd
also the partial reports they gave
of the financial statements evidently with tho desire to get the workers to look at all results from a
dollar and centa standard and in
doing so mnking It appear that one
or two Individuals were thc only
ones who did any organizing In the
east. The committeo does not report
my receipts or expenditure. I will,
therefore request the general sec
retary to publish my full report to;
Decern boi* -0, as after that date I;
\\%n in the office at Fort Francos!
and consequently ennnot show any
results of my activities in dollars,
unless you will credit mo with the
full nmount of the office receipts
uliile tbere.
Anyone who has so little backbone, jus., to be afraid of signing
their names to tt statement Is not
worth taking notice of, being usually a liar and a coward, which the
individual who sent out a communication signed "Loggers' Prospector" is. He Insinuates that some
of us went joy riding east visiting
out homes and friends. My homo is
amongst tho Sinn Fein iu Ireland
and not in Nova Scotia. While a
dosirc for full information on all
subjects of interest to the members
is lhe demand at present from all
quarters, I, and many others, would
of typing end circulating the unofficial report of the committee and
the "Loggers' Prospector" piffle?"
Was it the Loggers' Association, or
an A. F. of L. or other organization opposed to the O. B. t*.
Much against my personnl inclinations I again went east after the
January convention for tlie purpose of doing organization work, It
was Intended to work from Sudbury east and a start was made in
Cobalt district, here it was found
that the majority of workers woe
miners who desired lo conduct iheir
district as a minora' unit, which
they ultimately did.
Therefore, I went farther east,
whero nearly all the workers nre
French-speaking and only one able
to speak thut language cnn do any
organizing work. The only thing
to do waii to go still further east
Into Nova .Scotia and here we ran
into about eight feet of snow'and
one of the severest and latest seasons that has beeu known for. years
past. It was impossible to mr.ke
the camps and too expensive to Ir.y
around waiting for good weather)
so I decided it was In the inlerciJta
of the organization to return to tht
coast. The expenses of this trip
are heavy owing Co tho railway
Being one of those whom thos*
critics who do nothing themsclvei
except find fnttlt, cnll a pie-card
artist, It is Interesting to know ihnl
as a result of several months on
tho pay roll of tlie union. 1 am fl*
nanclally worse off than when I
started. Now, as a common member of the rank and tile. I can gel
my $175.00 a month und board Ell
a log-buster.
General secretary's report of Or*
ganizcr Keane's ,financial report*
from September 17 to Decernbei
30, 1919: Expenses, lures ami ho-
tel sundries ond wages, $881.CO.
This Includes return fare to Vancouver.
Receipts, foes and dues, J7S0.00.
Of this amount up io Dei-ember "6
he had remitted to headqtiaiters
$29. To Port Arthur, $9:!; to. Foil
francos $486.05.
Winnipeg maintenance fund contribution by memberB at Dollar
Camp 1, Port Moody, remitted by
Delegate A. Anderson. $l!t0.00.
To All Delegates In the Kani loops
THERE will be u district convention held in Kamloops at the L,
W. I. U. hall, on Junte 19th, 1920,
to transact such business as may
come before the meeting, and to
elect delegates to tho goneral convention, to he held at Winnipeg.
Ry Order of the District Executive
Now, aa the members that were
oleetod lo the executive board are
not acting, the next man with tho
highest amount of votes will act as
an executive member, that leaving
the executive board as follows:
Frank  Billings, Ed. Cohoe, J. F.
I Johnson, Geo. Lawrcy and the diy
trlct secretary, J, L. Peterson,    ,- f AGE FOUR
FRIDAY May 21,  1»2»..
I B.C. 1
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
' 'A. 8.  WELLS...
Labor  Temple.  405 Dunsmuir  Street
Telephone Seymour 5871
■ubseribtion Bates: United States and Foroign,
, .3.00 per year; Canada, »2.50 per year; to
i Unions   subscribing   in   a   body,   $1.50   per
member per year.
Unity of
Labor: The Hope of the World
class is none of the workers' business;
their interests lie in abolishing the system
whieh enslaves thcin, and when they do
that they will remove the cares of the
ruling class, by solving the financial and
labor tangles.
SOLVING financial problems and labor
unrest is like the efforts of the' al
and they go,
chemists of old, who sought td produce the
elixir of life. Ministers of finance come
and still these problems,
which are interrelated,
are unsolved. AU Canada ,has been waiting
and watching for the introduction of the budget
in the House at Ottawa, and on Tuesday
last the Minister of Finance introduced it.
Naturally, it has met with much criticism.
It will also raise a deal of resentment in
many people's minds, but to the student of
society as it exists today, it is only another
proof of the impossibility of solving the
financial problem, and more particularly
the labor unrest; in fact, the only effect
that it can have will be to cause more turmoil and dissatisfaction in the ranks of
the working people, and tend to make the
financial problems a still greater muddle,
if that is possible. The war, and the management of the country, must be paid for.
!As the workers have nothing to pay it
with, the ruling, or profit-receiving
class, must pay for it. If labor power is
a commodity, and is sold on the market
at its value, which is the cost of reproduction, then the sellers of labor power
cannot pay taxes, unless they first receive
the money with wliich to pay them with.
If they arevcompellcd to pay higher prices
for the necessities of life through the imposition of taxes on these things, then the
employing class must either increase the
wages paid to the workers, in order that
they can pay the higher prices, or the
standard of living of those who produce
the commodities must be reduced. The
workers will naturally resist a lowering of
the Standard of living, and •consequently
as the taxes which the Minister of Finance has imposed on those things which
the workers must have in order to live,
wilt increase the price of them, then there
must of necessity be more labor unrest
in the very near future. Thus the new
taxes which have been imposed will not
solve the labor unrest.
* * •
While the labor unrest problem is still
unsolved by the Minister of Finance, the
financial situation is no nearer a solution.
His statements as to the inflation of the
currency are of such a nature as to indicate that he has at least grasped the cause
of .high prices. In giving the figures to
the House, he indicated that there was an'
increase in tlie circulation of currency to
the extent of on* hundred and eight" per
cent. At the same time he pointed out
that the gold reserves behind the currency
had decreased in percentage from 67 in
1914 to 43 at the end of March, 1920. The
ruling class has for some time realized
that the only way in which the inflation
can be taken out of the currency, is by
decreasing the value of commodities. This
is the reason for the cry of increased production. Not that the ruling class wish
to have a greater number of commodities
on the market, but that thc production per
unit be increased; in other words, the
workers to produce more per hour or per
day, in order that by thc decrease of labor
time in the production of commodities,
their value may be reduced. If the ruling
elass wished for more production, why are
the. unemployed not put to worki It is,
however, cheaper production that is being
» » »
Taxation is something that has been devised bythe ruling class, in   order   to
carry on its business.   In other words,
it is the method by which the ruling class
pays for tha administration of tho state,
and for carrying on capitalistic wars. It
would be just as easy for them to pay
for these things directly, as the ruling,
class pays for all wars and  for  keeping
slaves in subjection.   But   the  taxation j
method is preferred.   It is, however, no
business of the workers, as they don't pay
them except-in   the   manner   described
above.   Tlio result of the new taxes sn
commodities will be to increase the cost
of living.   To that extent it will necessitate that in order that the commodities
can be circulated, the currency must be
still further inflated. This in turn will, unless the value of commodities is reduced,
fiend the prices still higher, and the financial problem will be in a   still   greater
muddle.   The only other thing that may
happen in the financial world, will be a
panic, which may bc brought about by
the restriction of credits, which may have
thc effect of shutting off production to
some extent, and a financial crash is not
an improbability at thc close of this year.
In any case the proposals of the Minister
of Finance will solve nothing.   As long
ns the workers arc sellers of thc commo.
dity labor power, so long will there be
labor unrest.   As long as capitalism continues th* financial problem will worry
the-heads of the,members jf the ruling
class.   The only thing that should worry
the workers is the fact that they are wago
slaves, and as such they have neither liberty or democracy.   They may imagine
that they are free-born   citizens   of   a
ftcc country, but the fact remains that
they do not even liavp the privilege of
paying taxes.   They only have the pleasure of producing wealth for a ruling class,
,and as the ruling class owns all the wealth
when it is produced, and the means by
which   it   is   produced,   including   the
•laves, the finanoial problem of the ruling
THB LATEST circular issued by the
Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, that Jcsuitieally and government
controlled institution, which is supposed
to represent Canadian labor, is true to
type.'  In this  circular
MORE the officers of that mori-
BLATANT bund organization, state
HYPOCRISY      that they do  not  feel
justified in supporting
the appeal of the Russell case to the Privy
Council.' Not content with that, the
writer bf the circular, most likely Paddy
Draper, who is a paid official of the Dominion Government, and a good servant
at that, makes tho following statement:
"Standing as we do four square for
the upholding of constitutional authority,
we believe that the law has been vindicated and a review of the whole matter, with the view to the exercise of clemency towards these men, would show a
broad spirit of generosity in keeping with
the times." No, this is not supposed to
be the statement of a cabinet minister,
but is signed by the executive officers of
a supposedly labor organization. Nothing that ever came from the pen of labor
officials that has ever come to our knowledge would compare with the venom and
scurrility of that passage, which is only
one of many of a similar nature contain,
ed within the circular.
* * *
The same circular states that the Minister of Labor has submitted an amendment to the Senate, which would remove
Canadian citizens from the scope of the
infamous amendments to the Immigration Act which places British born people
in the same position as to deportation as J
the Russians who have been ordered deported by immigration officials without a
trial in the ordinary courts. That the
Minister of Labor's amendment has not
been passed,, but has been shelved, is,
however, not stated.
4        »        *
If, as stated, the law has been vindicated, why do the officials state that they
will seek amendments to the law.- Their
references to the policy of the men now
in gaol are of such a nature as to show
the reason that they have issued the circular, and that is opposition to their
views. In a'previous issue we asked if
the Trades Congress was intending to
bolster up its failing prestige by the clem-,
ency proposal. We at that time stated
that the men now in gaol did not wish
for clemency, but justice, and that they
would accept nothing that did not fit in
with their ideas of what was right from
a working-class viewpoint. No matter
what the outcome may be, we are certain
that thtt latest piece of buffonery of the
congress officials will only bring the. end
of the International movement in this
country much nearer. The hypocritical
offers of assistance of congress in i_ee
of the spleen, and evident pliancy to governmental forces which every line of the
circular indicates, age only adding insult
to injury. We say, and say it advisedly,
that if it had not been for the subservient
attitude of the Congress officials,- that the
men now in gaol would have never been
arrested. And we do not think we would
be far from" the truth, if we stated that
only by the connivance of labor fakirs,
were they arrested, and sent to gaol, and
kept there by their aid, and sueh circulars as have been sent out by congress.
is at stake. It may be said that it is only
a number of Russians. It may bc so in
this ease, but in view of the fact that all
British-born people who were not born in
Canada, though born in the United Kingdom or any other part of the empire can
be deported under similar conditions, and
by a similar court, the matter is one of
vital importance to the great part of the
population of this country.
* * »
There are other aspects of this ease
about which we refrain from comment,
which would be very enlightening, and of
such importance as to give the people in
this country a shock that would waken
them to a knowledge of the extent of the
espionage that is being carried on'iii this
country. One thing is certain, neither the
Mounted Police nor the authorities entrusted with the administration of the
law have gained any prestige by the employment pf the type of men who gave
cvidonce'at the Winnipeg trials, and the
Vancouver episode has done nothing to
make the people look up to those who
have the safety of citizens in their keeping. At the Winnipeg trials the men were
considered by the presiding judge to be
guilty from the start. In the perjury trial
the accused .were considered innocent.
There may be nothing wrong-about this,
but while such comparisons oan be drawn
it is hardly to be wondered at if the people are somewhat skeptical about the
measures of justice that are handed out
in the courts, and the methods employed
by the governmental institutions, when it
is a question of workers being the victims.
Gang: of Body Snatchers
Fail to Oust Louis
F. Post
(By tke Federated Press)
Washington.—After two secret
sessions, following the collapse of
the proposed impeachment proceedings against Louis F. Post, assistant secretary of lalior, the house
committee on rules is stumpeg.
It don't know how to "get,v Mr.
Post, or how to drop tho attack
upon his administration of his offlce
For the present it Is marking time,
In the hope that some new political
topic will divert public attention,
or that a new tide of reaction may
enable it to strike a blow at the
lnbor department and get away un
Impeachment of the assistant
secretary has been found impossible. Formal Investigation of the
handling by Post of several thou
sands of cases of aliens arrested in
deportation charges, would take a
year's time ahd \vould result merely inwiaking Post a powerful national figure in the revolt against
the Palmer terrorism,
On the whole, the attempted
mobbing of Mr. Post cannot be said
to have proven a brilliant success.
The mobbers have discovered that
they cannot lay hands on the intended victim. And since they are
foiled, the onlookers are beginning
to laugh at them.
Post assumed office after secretary of Labor Wilson waa taken
sick and after tl\e letter had sanctioned the deportation of thousands
of radicals,
starvation, will be powerless to resist this new form of slavery, the
repercussion of which in Western
Europe and America will be disastrous to labor there.
In fact, unless Central Europe,
exhausted by the war, may ,be turned Into an area of sweated labor,
engaging in competition with Western labor for the benefit of the big
international financiers.
Seattle — Cooperative trading
companies here have joined forces
through the amalgamation of the
Consumers Co-operative Association, and the Co-operative food products association. Numerous small
concerns previously identified with
one or the other of the larger organizations, are now brought under
united direction.
Pbone Seymou S1I9
Farewell [)itfnrmai.ee of tht old
favoritei in that greateit of all**
gurlcal plnys—
"Which One ShaU
I Marry"
Featuring  Edytho Elliott In ber
favorite patt
A Colonist Musical Offering
Other Big Features .
Sweated European Labor Wilt Bo
Pitted Against Western
(Evelyn Sharp, London correspondent of the Federated Press, says:
There ls grave danger that the
present distress, and the collapse
of the exchanges in Central Europe
will in default of international governmental action be exploited by
private capitalists in Western Europe and America.
There are already schemes on
foot for sending raw material to
cheapest Asiatic labor, and then
dumping them on the world market. The workers of Central Europe,  faced  by the alternative of
THE ENDING of the perjury trial in
Judge Cayley's court, on the 13th,
was, to say the least, peculiar.   Not only
was it peculiar, bnt it has still left the
question of the methods used by the secret
service agents with regard to the Russian deportation cases under a
cloud.    One   of  them,
Wilson, has since been
The records of the other two
Both    and    Dourasoff,    are
such as to leave in the mind of the average person a suspicion that all is not well.
Both, and Dourasoff, who were charged
with perjury, arising out of tlieir evidence
in the deportation cases, had both, before
their joining the mounted police as secret
operatives,  been  charged  with serious
criminal   offenses,   although   duly   acquitted ; Both at one time being accused
of accepting a bribe while a military constable, which resulted in his parting from
his job.   At his trial the jury wu instructed by tho judge, at the end of the
Crown's case, before the   defense   was
called upon, to bring in a verdict of not
guilty, owing to the charge being laid
improperly.   The jury retired, were out
for more than ten   minutes,   and   the
foreman returned and stated that the jury
did not want to acquit, but  the judge
pointed out that the jury must take the
law from him, and  the  verdict  of  not
guilty was returned. Dourasoff in the perjury trial before Judge  Cayley  denied
that ho had ever been charged in connection with rape or white slavery.   He was
later faced with the proof of a criminal
charge having been made in connection
with a-woman before a justice of the
peace, wliich terminated, however, in an
acquittal, in Bodison, Sask. This of itself
would lead the average person to come to
the conclusion that there arc grave doubts
as to tho reliabijity of the evidence produced against the Bussians who have been
ordered deported and leaves a bad taste
in the mouth. Taking thc records of the
two men into consideration, and the mass
of evidence that was presented agaiiist
them in the perjury trial, it would appear
that something should be done to clear
up the situation.   While Judge  Cayley
may not see the importance of the vital
issues involved, if there is any question
of tho veraeity of the secret service agents
employed by the government,  then the
matter should be investigated to the fullest possible extent The liberty of citizens
P ADVICE would solve the problems
that face society in these days, then
the amount given by Sir Bobert Kinders-
ley during,the past week would be a very,
valuable contribution towards their solution. His advice has
ADVICE AND been along similar lines
ITS to that given by other
APPLICATION representatives of big
business for a eon
siderable time nowr but strange as
it may appear, either the advice of
the wise men from the ranks of
the ruling class is not accepting, or if it is,
it does not solve anything. Sir Bobert
urges thrift and the dispensing with luxuries as the solution of the present difficulties which face the capitalistic world;
Coining as it docs from a member of the
ruling class, we can only think that he was
urging the members of the class to wlueivloermany.     Cseoho-Slovakia    and
he belongs to refrain from luxurious Uvi "Austria, manufacturing'them there
ing, as the workers have ever refrain?* % 'a„b°r' wh"* " "» went «te
. **' . .     ... .    **_** ot exchange,' Is as  cheap  as
from extravagances in this respect. As
ample proof of this, we would call the attention of our readers to an account''of
the banquet given in the Hotel Vancouver,
during the week, which appeared in
daily press. The banquet was given ^by
the Hudson's Bay Company to the stiff,
which, according to the press report, members about 800 persons. It also stated that
the guests sat down to tables loaded with
"rare viands." We do not doubt that
the edibles placed before the employees of
this oompany, were such as they are not
accustomed to, because, as they are working people, they are of the thrifty type,
and do not at any time indulge in high
living, and for a simple reason, which is
not very hard to locate, and that is because, if they are like other workers, they
only receive sufficient, in the shape of
wages, in order to enable them to live in
the station of lifo which it has pleased a
wise providence, or ruling class, to place
them. So it cannot be that this advice was
intended for the workers.
* « •
To Advise the ruling class to be thrifty
and to produce more is bordering on the
ridiculous. They are not accustomed to'
do either of these things. It has been the
privilege of the working class to have a
monopoly on these virtues. They have
been both thrifty and hard workers, and
yet their position is not the best bj» any
melius, and it is the idlers in society, who
do the most prating about more work and
less luxury. They havo a monopoly of
gall and the luxurious living. It is also
passing strange that the company of
whieh Sir Bobert is the head—whether he
is the brains is another matter—did not
practice the thrift that he talks so much
of. Amongst other extravagances that
this company has bcen guilty oj during
thc past month or so have been free moving pictures, free feeds to the employees,
pageants, and last, but not least, the donation of a month's pay to the employees
who have been in the employ of the company for a year or more. There would ap-
ycar to us to be a lack of thrift in these
things, but we may be mistaken, and the
eost will be charged up to the advertising
department. In any case the advice
offered )>y Sir'Bobert should be noted by
the workers, and they should compel the
ruling class to be more thrifty, and do a
little more work, and this can only be
done when they bring about a change in
the ownership of the means of wealth
production, which the Hudson's Bay Com.
pany has some little share in now. ;p '
For Sale
>      EB AND DESK
And Other Office Fittings
Vancouver, B. C.
Socialist Party of Canada
Winnipeg Local Tto, t
B. B. Bussell       W. A. Pritchard       B. J. Johns
George Armstrong .  ''
Campaign funds are needed. Collection cards can be secured
from, and donations made to Aloi. Shepherd, P. O. Box 1761,
Winnipeg, Mail.
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Counoil
Bead the Hews from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription price $2.00 per year; $1.00 for six monthi
Address all communications with respect to subs and advts., te
HARUY wnJiCOOKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Maa. Communications to Editor should
be addressed tb J. HOUSTON, same address.
After seeing the Hudson's Bay pagiant
on Wednesday, there are many people
who are wondering if the mounted police
arc also part of the property of the Hudson's Bay Company, and if not, hjjrt did
they happen to bc in the procession. It
surely is not possiblo that there is any
connection between the company and the
government,   l'erish the thought.
If Vancouver was satisfied with the
pageant, we can see no reason why we
should not fall into line. It surely satis-
lied us as to thc shoddy naturo of capitalism.
The pageant was a splendid opportunity
for the authorities to show the strength
of the military force that has recently
Icen placed in this vicinity.
About the only useful thing in the procession last Wednesday was the lire briand that was out of its nlac*    -
Clubb & Stewart
20th Century Clothing is the Young Man's
Brand recognized by Young Men throughout
Clothes fit for a prince made for Canadians,
and made in Canada—
Spend your money here where it will do the
most good.
309 Hastings Street West
Skilled attention, high-grade
material, perfection in fitting,
art featuret of our dental plate
Dr. Gordon Campbefl
Vestal NurM,lB Attendance,
Open Evea.iift*, TiSt to StM.
Granville Street
Corner Bobaon Street
Over Owl Dr>| Mote
Phono Sermour ti-aa
Tbe Next Issue of the Vancouver
and    Mn inland   Telephone
Directory Closes on
..    June 5th, 1920
It yoa oro contemplating taking uf
■errice, or makftg sny change ia or
additions to yoar present lervlct, )rn
should lend in notification, In writing,
not Inter thua Ut* above ists, Ib
ordor thftt yo* msf take idTMUgo
of tht now directory listing!.
lilt Oeorgts nml
Snndir lerrlces, 11 s.a. ant 7.80 |A
Bnaiaj ichool Immedlstolr ftlltwiac
morning lerrice, Wedneediy teetlmoeM
meeting, g p.m. ttt. reading team.
9OH0I   Blrkl   Bldg. 	
riUSTEBI,     PUBLISHES*,     ft*
Onion Officials, writ* for priMO.  We
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics      j
Style Correct
Price the lowest pos-
- Bible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Follow Uu Crowd H lta
Patricia Cabaret
One blook eut ol Emprcoi Tbeetoe
SMITH,  B.  LOVB  ud tht BB1
Interpret tbo UUst long hits, aa-
listed by Tbt Bronii Jul Bud
Musts. I p.m. tt 1
H. M. Nugent & Co.
Tonts and Awnings, Carpentera* Aprons and Overall!, Panto
and extra clothing, Longshoremen's Hooks, etc. Estimate*
given on all canvas work.
Vanoouver, B. O.
Phone Sey. 4641
Named Shoes are frequently mad*
in Non-union factoriei
No matter what its name, unless
it bears a plain and readable im*
pression ot this UNION STAMP.
AU Shoei without ths ONION STAMP at* always Non-uniom
Do not accept toy exense for ahsenca of ths Onion Stamp
COLUS LOTBLT, Omni Proildeit— CHAS. L. BAINS, Oenersl Seo.Tress.
Opposite the Orpheum
Suit Value
This remarkable assortment represents suits worth up
to $50 today.  All the very, latest styles and most popular
patterns.  You ean't afford to miss this
opportunity today	
Two Union Stores for Men
J. N. Harvey
123-125-127 Hastings St
Alto 614-616 Tates Street, Victoria
Union Laundry
ll tbt only Union Lsnndrr in tbo
STAND, 915 Ulln St., in steals
for tbis lsnndrr.
Lists   yonr   lsnndrr   Mender
morning and sot It Fridsr."
Matinee ...
Evenings ,
Blng Dp Phons Seymour SSM for
Dr. W; J. Curry
Salts S01 Dominion BnUdl'K
vancouveb, a a
Look here
dot yonr education from postrr.
Besd thl Itlrrlng peemi bf Iks
Proletsrisn Poof, "Mgkls sf
Mm," "To Liti Decently Llks tke
Bon," "If Jems Cimi to Win*
nipeg," "Ths Stool Pigeon." Ton
will llks thess. Sent, paitpild, tS
M. Harris
d« W. M. Rjtt'i Tobacco Man
108'/> WATER ST11EHT
Vancouver, B. O.
Ilea who writ* for yoa wo h
tkt front Uu trenchw, flghtllg
roar bittlei. Ther An Uu flnt tt
got pinched whoa tha authoritiei
get deaporat*.
The House Behind tbe Good!
One quality, and that the flneet.
Milwaukee. — Machinists' Local
Union No. SB, will circularize the
entire membership of the International Association of Machinists
with a resolution demanding amnesty for all political prisoners and
will urge that each union ln the
oountry write congressmen asking
for immediate action on repeal of
war-time sedition lawa |
Washington.—Secretary ot Labor
Louis F. Post declares that of the
5000 odd arrests by the department ot justice for alleged terrorist
plots only three firearms had been
discovered. "And two of these were
22-callbrs revolvers." "I am informed that it a search were made
of onr best hotels a larger number
ef deadly weapons would be found
In possession ot the guesti."
Direct Importers of
Foreign Woolens
We Carry a Full
line of Bannockbnrn
and Harris Tweeds
318 Hastings West
Vancouver, B. C.
O, B, V. Secretary Makes International Oigaaicrs Look like
Thirty Cents
la Drumheller, Alberta, the toys
ar. telling tt a lively encounter
Palmer, the secretary of tbe Central Offlce of the 0. B.' C„ had
with two alien organiera He challenged them to a public debate or
a rough and tumble scrap. Tkey
chose a discussion in the presence
of. a comparatively few men and
when they were through Palmer
had them admitting that they were
only out for a meal ticket "What
do we care," said one of them,
"we're got your Canadian government and the operators both with
us .and we kave the power to enforce the compulsory' check-off and
get ths dues off the boys; what
more do we want?" The international "agonizers" don't like Palmer
and he to not In love with them,
but is prepared at any time to dl
cuss th* Issues with them befo:
any gathering of workers that cal
be gathered 'together an'd stand or
fall by the result ot the decision of
the majority. '. i
Palmer wsnt to France In 1911
and hs cams back ln 1919. In five
years he didn't get enough fighting to suit his abnormal desire tt>|
"make the world safe for democracy" a. hs ia at lt again.—Search,
an    bi
Chicago.—Tko first offlclal act ot
the Twelfth Annual Convention of
the Industrial Workers of the
World, la session hers at Workers'
Hall, was ths unanimous vote of
the assemblage to send a telegram
of greeting to Eugene V. Debs, Kate
Richards O'Hare, and other class-
war prisoners in soms thirty odd
prisons In the United States, as
well as to the recently convicted
membera ot tho-Labor movement
ln Winnipeg.
Chicago.—Bakers' and Confec-
ners' Union No. J, Chicago, won
signal victory on May 1 whsn ths
big fifteen" of master baiters
agreed te their demands, after all
counter proposals had been rejected by the union. Faced witk the
prospect ot a strike, the bosses capitulated, granting J50 a week to
oven men, spongers and foremen,
tii to second men, Ml ts third
men and MO to helpera, Th. organization of the latter, Including
pan cleaners, flour sifters aad
roustabouts, Is a matter ot particular elation to the workers, as they
had been uaed by the bosses to
break strikes In times paat
Paris.—The government ls now
actively engaged in breaking up ths
radical movement entirely, through
the arrest ot all prominent Rod
leaders. Arrests made up to the
present time Include some of tke
most prominent writers and editors
of Paris radical Journals. New arrests are occurring dally.
Th. fair wag. board (or ths provinco of Manitoba has completed a
schedule fer 71 per cent, ot the
trades connected wtlh tke building
industry, Deputy Minister of Public
Works announced this wsek. The
tradss concerned era given an increase from 20 to 25 per cent over
last year's schedule. Stonemasons
and bricklayers will receiv* th.
highest wag. par hour. It being at
11.25. Th. lowest wag. I* lor laborors and teamsters, flxsd at IS
centa an hour. /
Worken' Deposits
As showing theprosperity ot Australian workers, it eaa be aald that
ont ot a total population of 5,00*,-
000 souls In Australia, no less than
8,005,830 have savings bank accounts. Tho total amount deposited In these accounts is I64B5.66U,-
010, averaging till psr depositor,
or till psr head ot population In
Australia. This should compass
very favorably with workera ln
other. Parts of th. world.
Hamilton—Sheet Metal Workera
of this olty are all out on strike for
Increased wages. Bricklayers are
out for 11.25 per hour. Steam and
Opsratlaf Engineers are striking
ngainst tbe Steel Company sf Canada. Build ingLaborers are on
strlk* for more wages, and the
Electricians threaten to walk out
lf their demands tor lte per hour
are not granted.   '
London.—An amalgamation of
the Australian Labor papers wktsh
will give a total capital of ttjttlr
0S0 Is on toot, according to rsports
received hers. Ths scheme wUl Includo twelve Important »ap«% aad '
will mean ths formation of ths
largest newspaper concern to tht
Commonwealth. A greatly amplified cable service will be ant of IM
rssults sf tho plan.
The J. H. Sweder Co.
tailors to un       ,-i r
Better materials—Better make—Better rakes.   Oil
suits prove tliis I  Let as show yen I
$300,000 Stock
the Largest Men's Stock in the West
-to Be Reduced By $100,000
A Business-Like Sale Carried Out in a Logical Way—Nobody
Knows, But We Have Decided to Get Out from Under
Prices have reached the "peak."    The weight of public opinion is forcing down clothing costs all over this continent    What is Dick going to do aboy't it?
Against the advice of Canadian manufacturers, business associates and travellers, we are firm in our conviction that
the time is opportune to reduce fully a third of our tremendous stock. ■!•>'■:
Theee reduotions are genuine — carried out _ -. ,      t
in Dick's ethical buakesa way.   We know &QQ Our DiSOlaV
that our Influence will be widespread — that v     "
competitors' prices will drop in accordance AA/iri/l /vwre
with publio feeling, VV 1I1UUW&
It winl; break us. We're too big for that. Diek
tells ?ou why we're doing it. But $100,000 worth
of st|>ck isn't too big to be eaten up by Vancouver m$n. hungry enough for values they'v*
never been offered before.
So Don't Lose Time!
To the Public:
for thi pari four yoart thero hot
Urn a steady advance on tie prioe
of lim't OloOittg aai furnishings.
Throughout tkat period I haoo
tem pulling mm. ''trail thing" to
fit tho beet prion for my mitmert.
I have beta able to of fir you goods
at tho lowest pricei far tquil values
anywhere m Canada only btcouttt.
i. I bought ia mormon* quantities
to at ia protect my customers
against probable higher eottt,
-   J. I sold at a margin which very
aftaa faded ta mala ends meet
■   -km I uiu eoatptM ta replen-
Aa a rosult I have today tm hand
a.$300fi00 itt-, tht Urgest stock m
tko Wost
Qentlomtmi I leNetw the end has
coma. I bolieve that the "peak"
kai bom reached. I believo it
will now bo possible for mt to reduce my ttock without danger.
I believe I ted bo Mo to ro-
pitnftk a at oat* pries* wMoftviB
. ) mabU mi I* sm off* goodi at
' priest yaw kavaa. kaerd tf for
moral yoart,
l*a\ geiae ta take a oktmea
tamomta I tttirt roduotng my
fSCOfiOO ttooft by $100,000. Whole
rieliova olothing pricei art going to
drop I tm offering yoa goods at tail
tale at prim whieh, under tho probable decreate, will not be reached far
monthi te coma,. jttl,
hit it not a patote tab. ft ft a
tats which ft bated an cold business
logie arising oat of existing condition. I'm takUg tkt chotut. Tou
gat the bent/it,
Wm. Dkk, If*
Manager Wm. Dick, Ltd.
SOO Suits—Men's Standard
$30 VALUES fa.*** _ *7C
FOR     *$-\Oe/eJ
$35 VALUES   -        __^(\ *7ff
POR     fZy./j
$40 AND $50 C__1A   IC
VALUES  ; %P*J<±a/%J
$50 AND $55 • 0_lC_\ *7C
Canadian-made—the best, values in the Wont at
regular prices.   Pure wool serges, worsteds mid
tweeds. The style you want and a perfeot iittiug.
250 Young Men's New Models
REGULAR $35.00    £_r)C_ TC
por , ,|i7.yo
REGULAR $40.00 to_\A 7C
REGULAR $45.00    C1Q 75
for ....     ....^ ^e3y,JD
Real style (or young msn of today. Suits that
make Diek's Vanoouvsr's popular store for
young men. And real quality—sueh style it
built In, not stamped on. Tour eholee among
250 at these incomparable values. In tweeds,
worsteds and cheviots—all shades,
20 SUITS ONLY-t-First Long Pants Suits. Here's a ohanee
for the boy. Make sure you're among the first twenty to
reach Dick's tomorrow. An extra good line of tweeds and
mixtures,  Regular $20.00.
Slashed Prices on
Men's Socks
Black Cashmere Socks; ttRga
regular $1.00. Sale .... MO*-*
The wholesale coat today Is 19.00 a
dor .on. A 'quality line that means .
long wean
Penman's Cashmere Finish Socks j reg. SOc, at QCn
3 for $1, or pair ....  OVV
10 dozen Bibbed English Cashmere Socks; regular 76o fSi\_a
pair.    Sale  tfVt
A   line   that  will  q|ea»   the   i>ar-
English Llama Sooke; every
pair named with red Bilkf
regular wholesale price over
. 7 ">0 per il'izen. A*Zga
Our pri«e, pair ... Itfv
40 dozen Tooke's Lisle Socks; in
black; a dandy lino we've out in
half; regular 50o pair. Afl/|
Sale   AOK*
Ken's* Colored  Cotton
(2.50 to $3 values.
Our priee    ,   _
A  summertime  shlrti   overy  shade.
Look over this lino.
Wonderful Snaps in
Knox Hats, worth 111.01 */» At*
Walthausaa   Hats,   worth
|l to It, tor	
sr "•,..r..::.M..?r$i.45
R«C.  tt.lt to tl.lt Caps
fer '..
Balbriggan Underwear—A
line sold elsewhere at 85o.
Priced for sals at, BAa
per garment  tfVV
45,47.49 Hastings Street East
lba biggest real buying opportunity ever offered Vancouver Hen—a business-like action
that will do mors to reduce prices than anything hitherto attempted in the West.
20   dozen   Carhartt's   Overalls 1
regular $3.75.   Sale  .
Sale Commences This Morning—Friday PAGE SIX
twelfth tear. no. si     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    -tASooxrvt-, & o.
for Added Wear at Less Cost
Our faith ln Paris shoes will be your
safeguard.   No cheap leather substitutes.      No   Inferior    workmanship. .
Prices that an rook bottom on every
Paris   Brand   Black   Calf
Boots.   Thia Is a splendid
line,   good   weight.
Made ln three lasts.
Regular  (12 value.
All  widths (rom B
to EEE.
Hen's Brown recede toe shoes.   A good looking laat.   A side
leather that hss all the wearing qualities of
lit calfskin . 	
Ladles' Black Kid and Patent Pumps,
as cut; whole quarters, low heels; stitched tip. A line we sell regu- fl?C QC
larly at 18.   Saturday ort\y....90t\70
Growing Girls' Patent and Kid Oxfords—
Low heels. Two lines 'that are good
wearers and neat ln appear- &_f* QC
ance.   Saturday  »POe»70
Ladles White Canvas Oxfords, with
Cuban and Louis heels. Well made,
medium cast. 0>O QC
Saturday  VbtifO
Misses' One-Strap Crescent Rubber
Sole Sandals. Sizes d»| QC
from  11-2  at   ejH.aiiO
Boys'   Red «Fojc   White   Canvas
Boots; rubber soles—
1-1 11-13
$1.95        $1.75
on top of rising costs in
shoes our repairing Is
equal to many dollars
in your pocket. Leave
your work and have it
done ln a way that will
more than double the
life of your shoes.
51 Hastings West
Shoes are good buying
just now, prices are
sure to go higher
We ean sell you a good
Calf Blucher from $6.00
lien's Mahogany Calf
Blucher $9.00
Hen's Balbriggan Underwear, to clear, suit..$1.00
Stetson Hats ....$9 and $10
Men's Mahogany Bench,
recede toe, from $7.50
Men's Working Shoes and
Children's Shoes, in endless variety.   (Try us.)
Stanfield's Underwear, per
suit, from $3,50
Headlight Overalls — the
best to be had.
W. B. Brumihitt
Turner, Beeton
& Company) Limited
Dry Ooods, Oents' Furnishings
factory organlied under "United Garment Workers of America"
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using chesp materials and employing cheap labor.
b produced from the highest grade materials procurable
' t-Cascadc is a UNION produce from start to finish.        \
FRIDAY May 21, lift
Italian Workers Take
Control of Factory
(Continued from page 1)
capital to cover running expenses.
The municipal co-operative society
agreed to'buy the whole of their
product at market rates. A group
of cotton manufacturers in Milan
contracted to furnish them with
the necessary raw materials; if
these men should change their
minds, their workers would perhaps
be able to keep'them to their
agreement. If the Mazzonis workmen should later be in want of coal,
it ls probable the municipality of
Milan would see that they got it
Thus a whole network of Socialist
institutions seente to assure the
peaceful and prosperous operations
of the Mazzonis factories under the
red flag for an Indefinite period.
The question for all economic
theorists ls: What should a government, based on the inviolability
of private property, do in such a
case? Two things are clear: first,
that whereas the workers committed an illegal act, the behavior of
the Mazaonls brothers, with regard
to their property, was legally unexceptionable; second, that whereas
the correct behavior of the Mazzonis was In the highest degree
damaging to the state and the community, the illegal act of the workers vitally served, and ln no way
harmed, the public interest.
Tho government then has Its
choice between condoinlng an illegal act or damaging the interests
of the community. The right of
private property and the right of
public welfare are here in tho
sharpest contrast.
The State's Decree
It remains to record the way the
Italian Government found out of
its embarrassing situation. A day
or two after the fait accompli on
the part of the employees, it
requisitioned the Mazzonis factories
in the following decree:
"In view of the fact that the
Firm Mazzonis has refused to appear before the Commission-of Conciliation and that the attitude of
said firm, which has refused to
recognize the judgment pronounced
In conformity with the laws of the
state and has sought to elude the
enforcement thereof, constitutes an
offense against the law; In view of
the fact that the illegal attitude of
the Firm Mazzonis Is liable to produce grave disturbances in public
order and that other consequences
still more grave might result therefrom; in view of the fact that the
same grave reasons of public necessity and of Impelling exigencies of
national economy which counsel
the transference of industrial disputes to the Commission of Conciliation render necessary the Intervention of the state, it is decreed:
'That the cotton manufacturing
establishments of the Firm Mazzonis existing in the communes of
Turin, Torre Pellice, LuBerna San
Giovanni, Point Canavese, and
Favria, are requisitioned by the
"That Cavall^re Mario Fusconi,
chief inspector of industry and
labor in Turin, is charged with the
administration of the establishments indicated above to the account of the Firm Maazonis."
The state (making a clean sweep
of all the Mazzonis factories, and
not merely of the two which were
seized) advances In this decree a
cnarge of illegal' conduct against
the brothers Mazzonis wliich could
scarcely be maintained in court.
Don't forget OUR adwrtlsers.
Aa to Wages
Editor B. C. Federationist: Recent events ln the Labor movement
wherein a few skilled workefte
seems almost to be elevated to aristocrats of Labor are worth taking note of, and while I am In accord with any progress or advancement the slave can make for the
overthrow of the wage system, does
the events of the past few months
show Labor ia sincere and practical
or are we degenerating Into a
wholesale row of "commodity peddlers," out to perpetuate not only
the class struggle, but the classes'
struggle. So long as the purchasing power of the dollar ls the same
to the unskilled as the hkilled, I
would like to know who suiters in
the shuffle whereby the skilled
worker gets an increase in his pay
cheque. My contention is, if the
unskilled are to receivo lower
wages, ana as Is often the case,
pay for any advance the sklleld
worker may get, they will be compelled to accept a lower Standard
of living, which would mean a lower class, they and their children
must of necessity live in the "sium-
mier" stums, -eat less, wear less,
with recreation and culture out of
the question. He will lack lit all
things at all times what the skilled
worker may at certain timet indulge in.
Reasoning from that standpoint,
should an industrial struggle take
place, could an unskilled worker
be blamed for acting "classes conscious," and remaining at work?
While I believe in the principle of
the O. B. U., and think lt is In line
with human progress, It also lacks
tho principle which fs motet "necessary for it to function, namely,
equality of wages, and the absence
of that principle would mean the
defeat of the workers In an industrial struggle.
So long as the wage system remains, wages must be equal for all
Industries, and all sections of industries, otherwise we can not have
a class-conscious movement, but Instead, "classes conscious movement," which means confusion.
Where there Is no unity of thought,
there can be no unity of action.
However, the problem must be
solved by Labor alone. It Is a bitter pill for the few remaining skilled workers to swallow. The ever-;
rapid advancing skill- displacing
machinery Is helping to solve saine,
unequallty of wages is based'-on!
bourgeois society, and cannot last.
Mubt we wait until the system Is
overthrown before we can solve
this great problem.
Come, let us reason togettt^r.
Take a whole week of ''May da^fl,"
not to picnics, not to dance, but to
Tours for a botter movement,'
P. F. GIBB.*
An Open Letter to F, A. HoO+er
Ktli Vice-President of the international  Street  1 tail women's Union. *
Dear Sir and Bro.—I   have   always been a keen supporter of you,
but last week proved to me, that
to support you further, would not
be in the interest of the Street Rallwaymen's Union, or the labor men
in Vancouver.
After discussing the question of
breaking from the International at
two special meetings, and deciding
to take a secret ballot on the question, I was surprised to flnd posted
These prices good for one week
commencing Friday, May 21st
in the B. C, Electric Railway Com
pany's office, the following notice:
F. A. Hoover, Gth Vice-President,
Street Rallwaymen's Union,
2109 Clark Dr., Vancouver.
"This Is' to notify the members
of Division 101 that they should
refuse to vote upon the question
of seceding from their International Association, and that their
International association Intends
to maintain the charter for the
association for the Street Railwaymen as Division 101,"
Now, Bro. Hoover, Division 101
decided by vote to take a referendum on the question of breaking
away from the International by
good majority, and you come along
as a,member of Division 101 and
post the above notice. May I ask
what you were afraid of? Are
you afraid to give the men a chance
to vote by ballot; can you square
your action by your Intellect? Do
you believe in a majority tote; if
you do why post such a notice? Do
you think that we are not capable
of voting without your penny ad
vice? Are we only to vote on what
you see flt? If you, as sixth vice-
president, are representing the
Street Rallwaymen's International,
then as sensible men,we must resent very strongly your action, because we give way to the majority
in labor organizations at all times,
and lf your action Is the true type
of freedom ln the International, it
is full time we broke away so as
to have at least the freedom to vote
at we see fit without your excited
and cheap advice.
Tours for freedom of expression
through the ballot box without in
terference by the president or the
tenth vice-president of the Street
Rallwaymen's International,
(Sgd.)        D. McLEAN.
Malkin's Best Tea, per lb -  64c:
Libby's Tomato Soup, per tin __L — IV/zC
Eagle Brand Milk, per tin • 22c *
Climax Raspberry or Strawberry Jam,
4-lb. tin _ 87c -
Kellogg's Corn Flakes, per pkt. .*.« - 8c
Evaporated Peaches (Blue Ribbon Brand,
per pkt 19c
Dominion Matches (800 in box) 19c
Cadbury's Bournville Cocoa-
Half-pound tins : * .43c
Quarter-lb. tins * 23c
Fruits and Vegetables
Potatoes, 3 lbs. for 25c
Chinese Preserved Ginger, lb „ 50c
No. 1 Sunkist Oranges, per doz 45c
Lemons, per doz 28c
People's   or   Labor   Church
Editor B. C. Federationist: In
last week's issue of The Federatlonist, there is an editorial on the
above subject. The writer Is evidently Ignorant of the movement
itself, and of its promoters.
He attributes the movement to
people, "who do not understand
the causes of present conditions.
What an assumption? Ivens, Smith,
Woodsworth, Morris, Dr. Bland,
Irwin, etc.", do not understand the
causes of the present conditions.
It must be very gratifying to live
in a hut with self-conceit as e
companion. Comte and his followers, the Potsitlvlsts, who are endeavoring to try and form the real
church of humanity, "do not understand the causes of present conditions."
Comte realized 100 years ago,
that reason alone, without the
compelling force of the Supreme
Power, and the guiding principle
of love, would not affect the harmony and unity of humanity. Vide
Polity, vol. 1, p. 257, and vol. ii, p.
11.   .
The self-complacent assertions of
some people who call themselves
Marxist Socialists, when they talk
about religion Is really amusing.
They seem to think that no one
can know Marxist Socialism except
he be a Marxist, and that no one is
a Socialist but a Marxist.
Both assumptions are based on
prejudice and Ignorance.
If these people read more religious literature, they would soon
find out that some of our bishops
and deans and clergy know more
about Marxist and Positivst philosophy than they do.
The Labor or People's Church—I
am speaking for myself and not
for the movement—Is a religious
and spiritual movement, with sociological objective.
The term religion, in its original
significance, means a reblndlng,
reloading, a fusion of force*!. The
religious instinct In man Is a desire to attain to and be what he Is
not. The desire for happiness and
welfare and heaven on earth, is a
religious desire, and here the Marxist and the trade unionist and Cob-
denitcs, and I. L, P. and the Christian join forcea In their objective
they are not separated at all, but
united. But the great pity ls, that
people who call themselves Socialists and Christians, taboo each
other, instead of realizing that their
objective—happiness, social welfare for all, a hoaven on earth, is
one and the same.
To me, therefore, the Labor or
People's Church supplies this fusion, this re-binding,1 the releadlng
of the material and spiritual forces
to human welfare.
If there arc Christians who are
Ignorant of the Marxian philosophy,
there are also Socialists who are
densely Ignortant of Jesus of Nazareth and His wonderful principles
of life, and the sooner these two
Ignorant classeb come together ln
the spirit of brotherhood, the sooner will the social millenium dawn
on us poor mortals.
I am, yours, etc.,
Edmonds, B. C„
May 19th, 1920.
(If the writer of the above Is a
sample of the people who are behind the Labor Church movement,
then he has proved our contention.
If he will read our editorial again,
he can see himself depicted.—Ed.)
American Businessmen Scrambling
After the Russian Trade
(By Paul Hanna, staff correspondent, the Federated Press)
Washington, — President Wilson
Is absolutely alone among officials
at Washington in refusing to lift
the trade blockade against Russia.
Within the past week Secretary
Colby and all heads of Bureaus at
thc state department signed their
names to a memorandum In which
they informed the president that
in their judgment the illegal and
unauthorized blockade or Russia
should be abandoned forthwith.
Vnder Secretary Polk, a bitter
and long standing enemy of Russia, Is among thoso who Informed
the president thnt the time had
come to lift the trade ban. The
petition won signed also by the
chiof of the foreign trade bureau
ami the head of thc Kusslun division of the state department,
These gentlemen united in saying
that pressure from American business men for opportunity to share
In tho Russian market could no
longor be resisted without precipitating a scandal, The secretary of
commerce gives his hearty endorsement to the memorandum.
Solidarity Shown in
Swanson Bay Strike
(Continued from page 1)
tho company's expense. Sanitary
conditions to be improved. A gas
launch to be kept ready In case of
accident, or other emergency. An
eight-hour day camp to camp.
Sleeping quarters for cook at Beach
camp and complete re-instatement
without discrimination.
Frlnoe Rupert Dlstriot Strike
At Usk, on the G. T. P., Kenny
Bros., the Royal Lumber Co., and
the Kleanza Co., camps are out to
■maintain the eight-hour day.
The Dolly Varden mine at Alice
Arm is closed, the employers are
making every effort to get soab6,
for which purpose they are trying
to use the various A. F. of L. organisations.
Nelson District
The miners have placed on the
unfair list the camps of the Rose-
bery-Surprlse Co. at Sandon, Silverton and Rosebery. The Noble
Five mine at Sandon, the Slocan
Silver Mining Co., oporating the
MacAllister mine at Three Forks;
all Clarence Cunningham properties
and the mines In the Silverton district and the Rambler mine.
Ontario Doctor and Employers
The doctor who failed to report
small pox in the camp of the Hocken Lumber Co. at Espanola, and
the company who permitted men to
be taken In to and leave camp during the time small pox existed,
were taken to-court fcnd fined for
violation of the health regulations.
Organizer and district executive
member Monaldi, who was arrested
at Creighton mine by the company's
policeman on the charge of seditious utterances and having banned
literature and- released on $3000
bail, has had the case against him
dropped. Lawyer McMurray was
sent from Vlnnipog to defend him.
Action will now be taken against
those responsible for the illegal arrest
Kamloops district convention will
be held on June 19th, camps should
make early arrangements for the
election of their delegates,
Cranbrook district executive te
calling a meeting of all'cnmp delegates for June 20th to arrange the
business of delegates to the July
general convention. The Cranbrook
district convention will be held in
Camps requiring more copies of
the constitution, or investigation
committees report should write for
same to headquarters.
The Loggers* Association is
making every effort to get men
from the east for the purpose of
acting as strike breakers in camps
of B. C. which aro on strike for
better conditions. They ore roping
men In from wherever they can get
them and to do this have to eulogize the better living and working
conditions which exist in the western camps. Showing to prove this,
photos of the Comox nnd Capilano
camps. The purpose of the employers is to flood the western labor
market and so prevent the workers
from advancing the" standard of
camp conditions, in this they aro
defeating themselves for the men
they bring in are not experienced
in the ways of western logging and
to get them the employer has to
boost the western conditions, the
result being that it assists In making the eastern worker discontented with his own conditions and to
realize tho value of organization.
Wire just received that Dolly
Varden strike at Alice Arm is settled. All demands granted. Including a closed O. B. U. shop. All
men to be reinstated, but It will
take some time to get the mine
running to full capacity. Everyone
going there must carry an O. B. U.
card. The management will insist
on card being shown before getting job. The scale agreed upon
tb: Miners, $6.25; muckers, (6.75;
trackmen, $5.25. Cooks and me-
cha»ids, etc., union scale. Great
oredit is due to members of International organizations who stood
solid with the O, B. V. In enforcing the demands.
Co-operative Women's Picnic
Greater Vancouver co-operators
will picnic at Kitsilano beach on
Monday tn order to get acquainted
with one another. It was deemed
advisable to have this flrtst one
olose to the city because the weather might be unsettled and It
would not do to moke extensive
arrangements for a picnic at a distance and then .have the weather
upset the plans. Races will be held
ln the afternoon for the kiddles
and prizes will be given to tho winners. A sign bearing the Inscription, "Women's Co-operative Guild
Picnic" will denote the centre of
Pass the Federatlonist along and
help get new subscribers.
Phono Sey. £21     Day or Night
Nunn, Thornton ft Olegg
691 Homer St.  Vancouver, B. O,
10 Hastings St. E.
FUroilM Tbo» Wbo Patronise Tool
Big Ben
Ballard's Furniture Store
1021    MAIN    STBEET
Phono Seymour 2137
We will exchnngfl ymir Rcconrt hand
furniture, for new.   A nqutro deal or
your money back.
High Grade Shirts for Men
Our present stock of high-grade shirts has never been •*-
Gelled and comprises ranges to suit all tastes, from the most
up-to-date to the most conservative.
Fancy madras and flne twills in a large variety of patterns, Including flne pin stripe, broad fancy stripes, also solid colors with
■elf white stripes. Colors helio, greon, blue, fawn, black; also
fancy mixed colors and plain  white  with  fancy self  stripe.
Price .
. $2.75
A good quality gingham shirt In broad fancy mixed stripes, In
all the newest shades. This shirt has separate collar, same as
■hlrt.  Price $3.00
Good weight fancy vesting, with alternate broad and pin
atripes, in colors blue, black or grey. This shirt has a soft finish
and of a very rich, dressy appearance. Price $3.25
. Fine white cambric with self colored silk stripes, also white
•Ilk finished madras with self stripe; both of these are very
dressy and suitable for day or evening wear. Price  $3.75
Good weight fancy madras and zephyrs with broad woven
stripes ln blue, mauve, brown; guaranteed fast colors $4.50
A large range of English cambrics with plain and fancy woven
■tripes, fast colors, soft cuffs, ln blue, green and black, Prices,
each $4,75, $5.00, $5.50
"His Master's Voice'
Tlie largest Stock of Victor Records hi British Columbia
Listing Every Victor Record Made Up lo date.
Ask to Hear Some of GALLI-CURCI Records.
Mason & Risch Limited
738 OranviUe Street Vancouver, B. 0.
"The Home of the Victrola"
Ve aay "Allan's Diamonds"
adrtsodly because we thlnk
thtre Is a distinction.
"Diamonds" are a hobby
wltb u»—practically a lifelong study.
At any rate, a long bnsiness
career Has been derated to
tbe (election and baying ol
then precious stones.
Onr Diamond Room often
kn excellent opportunity for
qt** 'uninterrupted enjoyment of onr display ot loose
gems or eiqulslte designs In
Diamond-mounted Jewelry.
Suggestions and sketches
cheerfully submitted.
"Tlie House of Diamonds"
480-486 Granville St     At Corner Pender
Large Hall for Meetings
For terms apply J. B. OAMPBELL, 804 Fender St. W.
Phone Seymour 29)
Big Dance
In Aid of Winnipeg Dependents
•^-AT— , _\
FINNISH HALL, (2605 Pender EasO
Corner Clinton and Pender Streets
Monday,7 May! 24th
Dancing Commences at 9 p.m. "■
GENTLEMEN, 50* ^       LADIES, 25# fitmAY.'..
....May 11, 1JJ»
twelfth tear, no. it   THB BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    tawxwvbb, & a
■ -pp.— amam       ■ «      ■■■■■' .■ — ■■     —
' Quality .*. Service
1 IN ltt?
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
._$ 25,000,000
-$ 16,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits _$ 17,000,000
Total Assets -..-   $460,000,000
690 branchei in Canada, Newfoundland ud Britiih
West Indiei.
Alio branohei in London, England; New York City and
Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branchei in Vancouver:
Maia Offloe—Comet Hastings and Homer Street!.
Corner Main and Hastings Streete.
Corner OranviBe and Bobson Streete.
Corner Bridge Stroet and Broadway Weet
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streete.
Corner Oranvillo and Davie Streete.
Corner Oranvillo and Seventh Avenne Weet.
, 1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue ant Main Street.
2016 Tew Stroet
Cornor Eighth Avenne and Maia Street
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Klngsway Branoh and 86th Aveaue Braneh.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 31 other
points in British Columbia.
One dollar opens an account oa whieh interest il paid half-yearly
at current ratee. * .
Manager Vancouver Braneh
O. W. FBAZEE, Vancouver,
Supervisor for B. O.
Strict Censorship
Start of Nation-wide
General Strike
(By th. Federated Press.)
London.—Tho gravest apprehension li folt her. at to the fate of
th* workers of India, who doclared
a general strike and British boy.
cott Maroh 19 aa a desperate measure of protest against the threatened British annexation ot their
holy places. Cablegrams from every
town of slse in India announcing
the beginning of the strike were
received ln London, at th. .nd of
March. Since that time a pall of
silence has settled over th. oountry. As (ar as known not a newspaper, a letter, or a private cablegram has come through Uie blockade of official British censorship. -
That the (ate o( many hundreds
of Hindus, Muslems and other Indians may be worse thai) that of
the helpless crowd at Amrltsar
which was mowed down by General
Dyer's machine guns, la acknowledged as more than possible by
those In close touch with the situation. The general strike, or hartal,
marked th. climax of the long and
desperately bitter struggle between
the natives of India against their
political masters (or the right ot
their own religion. The struggle
has not been confined to th. Muslems, but has taken in Hindus, Pa-
rsoos, Sunnis and Shlas.
According to accounts In th. con.
servative Indian press, the general
strike, which was accompanied by
a total boycott o( BrltlBh gooda and
British customers, waa absolute.
The Bombay Chronicle declared:
"Nover beforo In the "history of
Bombay has such a completo cessation of work been recorded." According to The Advocate of India,
"It cannot be denied that the Khalifat question haB been made a national one ln India, and the Muslems are receiving almost unanimous support from all tho Bister
Adult Education
in Soviet Russia
Pensions in Australia
The old-age pension system was
established In Australia on July 1,
1909, and the pension to invalids
was Instituted 17 months latta. At
the present Ume there are 127,970
persons receiving penslons-7-95,970
receiving old age and 32,000 receiving lnvvalld pensions. Teh average fortnightly amount paid Is f 8—
the-total amount paid for the last
year being $20,129,460.
*■. There are 181,530 persons receiving war pensions either as Incapacitated soldiers, dependents of
same, or dependents of deceased
soldless. The average fortnightly
pension paid is $6. and the total
amount paid in these pensions last
year totalled $80,000,000.
The maternity bonus was Instituted on October 10, 1912, since
when—up till the end of last year
—some 871,67-9 bonuses of $25.00
each had been paid for children
born. The total amount paid up to
taht date ls $22,000,000.
Having expelled the Socialist*
the New Tork Assembly piously decides that landlords shall not raise
the rent more than 25 per cent, at
a tittle.
Open Vancouver Store Today
AT THB flrst Pan-Russian Con-
tress oa National Education,
held at Moscow in August,'
1918, Mme. N. K. Ullanova (the
wife of Premier Lenta) presented!
a paper en the subject of adult ed-j
ucation tn Russia. It has lately;
been published in Narodnoe Prosv-i
yecheine (Public Instruction) and
in Avantl (Milan), from which tho!
following translation was made.
The war has taken millions of
men out of their ordinary life and
has forced them to meet abnormal
conditions, ln the very face of
death. This has caused them to
search for aad to find a solution for
the doubts with which their minds
have been confronted and ln this
way a great, new need for culture
has been manifested. The revolution, also, particularly that of October, created for the masses of
workingmen problems of enormous
Importance and difficulty. The old
state of things left a sad Inheritance, intellectual darkness, ignorance, absolute want bf all instruction revealed to the great majority
at every turn its impotence due to
a want of culture. Bitter experience
demonstrated to the people that, to
know things was to be able to accomplish them, and therefore they
eagerly seek to acquire knowledge.
The "sabotage of the intelligentsia"
demonstrated clearly that until that
time culture had been the prerogative and monopoly of the govern
ipg classes.
Thus It happens that to the new
missionaries of popular education
the life of the people has never
presented a more fertile soil. The
center of gravity in the work of
the education of adults has been
changed. It is no longer a question
of awakening the masses from their
prolonged sleep, of creating in them
new demands, but of trying to satisfy as quickly as possible the demands which have already arisen,
the demands which are already mature.
' And ln this sense, an enormous
amount of work is being done. The
education of adultls could not progress under a'n autocracy. Hundreds
of rules and regulations and orders hampered and interfered with
the work. The adult student was
constantly subjected to vigilance
from above. The authorities did
their utmost to prevent a word, a
thought on life from reaching the
masses. Now alt this hate come to
an end, but the work Is still far
from having reached its fullest expression. What has been done ts
but a drop ln the ocean,        *
The entire country must be covered with a network of elementary
Schools for illiterate adult students
-tny gain a Jut conception of life
according to bis own mind. This ls
essential tor these who wish to attend the higher schools. Up to the
-present time, the Instruction In the
higher grades hah been saturated
with the bourgeois spirit; on this
account we must resolutely
critically pass on the curriculum*
retaining that which has shown Itself to be of lasting value and rejecting everything which was introduced by the dominant bourgeois spirit
In the education of adults there'
must be Included the organisation
of debatete, lectures, cinematograph
views, visits to museums, educational excursions, etc. Discussions,
reading and lectures must respond
to the immediate subjects demanded by the masses for whom they are
Intended, in order that the Interest
of the audience may be stimulated.
The subjects to be discussed must
be chosen according to the grade
of the publlo and a printed resume
ihould' be distributed among the
The cinematograph, like the
school, may be either a powerful Instrument of emancipation or of servitude. Under the bourgeoise regime it wais au efficient means ot
Instilling bourgeois ideals and opinions in the minds of the masses.
There Is a cinematograph section lu
the department of Public Instruction, to which has been appropriated six million rubles for the production of films which inspire a sentiment of solidarity, of internationalism, etc The provincial cinematographs will be able to make
use of these films,'Whereas at present they have only films of slight
interest and questionable morality
at their disposal..
With regard to museums, much
has already been done in the matter of natural history, ethnograpay
and hygiene, At Moscow at the
Socialist Academy a social museum
has been established with a collection of diagrams artistically colored, demonstrating the problem* of
militarism, of capitalistic concentration, of manufactures, etc A
special commission of Communist
Socialists supervises the formation
of the programme of the museum.
The organization of libraries I3 no
less important than the establishment of schools for adults. Much
money has already been expended
for this purpose; nevertheless thp
libraries are Btill poor and the read
ers dissatisfied. The shortage of
labor and the scarcity of library
jptyjiterial compel great economy In
library personnel and tn the supply
Qtt [books. The field for organizing
;pi)I.ular libraries Is a vast one in
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or for those who can barely read or j<ptf$ry locality.   A network ot llbrar-
•■      — iea should be formed in connection
.ivjjih a central library and the
American (system of circulating libraries should be introduced.
The technical side of these institutions haa been widely discussed
a.ij(l the question te of great Importance especially with regard to the
x)}ftlce of books. Often this taisk
Is entrusted to uneducated persona
who have no standards and who
follow the advice of the bookseller,
Instead of considering the Interests
of the library. Even where the
books are chosen by the librarian,
he ka frequently wanting In the
apeclal    encyclopedic    knowledge
Sliich ls necessary for the acquisl
on    of    books    suitable    to    all
branches of culture.
To assist tho librarian a model
catalogue would be of great service. A special commission Is now
at work In the Bureau of Education compiling euch a catalogue,
Indicating the most important
books In every branch of culture.
In order to assist local Institutions
tn acquiring books for libraries and
schools, a special section has been
write. There must be no illiterates
among the Russian Communists.
No truce can be permitted in this
work of education; above all, the
motto must be, "Do the'utmost possible In the shortest time possible!"
What we must look to above aU Is
properly to gt the instruction to
the needs of the pupil. Many
teachers drawn from the professional routine adopt for the adult
school! the same stfstem as that
used in the children's schools and
weary their students with dates,
dictation, expositions ot childish
stories, grammatical exercises, etc.,
Instead of immediately putting
them td work on reading newspap
era and pamphlets, making them
copy articles and extracts In accordance with their tastete, and helping them to write short themes ln
which fhey can express tiielr own
One of the principal tasks of the
elementary school should be to instruct the pupils in the use of books
oa a means of acquiring knowledge.
The pupil should be taught the
method ot using, dictionaries, cata-
logues, encyclopedias; up to the
present time, loo little attention has
been paid to this work, which is ot
the greatest Importance, At the
same time, the elementary school
Cor adults must keep before the
oyefc of tho pupil a general vision
of culture as a whole.
The elementary school is a most
Important problem, no less important is the professional school. Up
to tho present time applied knowledge has only Interested those who
intended to go Into the professions.
Changed collations have brought
about the result that the more enlightened workingmen and peasants strive for applied knowledge
as a fundamental need. Specially
competont coinmRtees are required
for the control and administration
of production, for tho constitution
and administration "of agricultural
communes, The peasants and workingmen appreciate that without
specialized technical knowledge,
they cannot control the condition^
of life. The cliurncter of this tech'
nical education, however, must not
be tho same as heretofore. First a
professional apprenticeship must
bo given to prepare the workmen
for a particular mecha'nical labor,
Thea special Instruction must be
given him which will enable him
thoroughly to understand the In-
dustry In which he Is to be employed and the place which that ln.
dustry holds in the markets of the
world. It is necessary that the
workingmen should know the history a'nd the ramification* of the
industry in relation to its political
and economic sides; in short, It ls
essential that tho worklngman, besides knowing the purely technical
methods, should have a general
knowledge of the conditions of the
industry; this Is indispensable to
the workingman in order that he
may become an expert producer of
communal wealth, not a mere wage
Finally it ts essential to establish schools of a higher type, popular universities. The. reforms in
the high schools'have opened the
doors of the university to all who
desire to attend. But such reforms
cannot, ib may rcadly be understood, open tho higher schools to
those who have received no preliminary Instruction. In order to
neleot a special branch of study,
it Is necessary at least te have a
clear idea of the various existing
branches of study, to have a general education, and to understand the
methods of acquiring a higher culture. The Instruction given tn
these schools must be different
from that given In the average
school; It must abandon all the useless things which have tilled the
programmes of tlie average schools
and introduce Instead all Umt ia essential to a knowledge of tho world
in such form that the Individual
established ln the department of
Public Instruction." With regard to
education in the fine arts, a most
Important branch, I can say only
that In the department of Ppbltc
Instruction, special sections have
been established for music, the
drama, the plawtlc arts; and the
department of Education for adults
Is working in close conneotlon
with them. Each of these sections
has an enormous force to carry out
its programme.
A few words must be added with
regard to theatres for the people.
With us, in Russia, popular theatres have usually had a dllTIcult existence and have frequently degenerated into tea-houses. But now
they can develop Into what thoy
really should be — centres of the
spiritual life of the laboring classes.
This is what they represent In
Southern Europe. In trying to fill
tha spiritual needs of the people,
they will take the place of the existing public meeting lialfe or of the
All these phases of the education
of adults can develop and progress
only If they have tlie direct co-operation of those classes of citizens
for whom they are created. Every
library must have its committee of
readers, every school its committee
of teachers and pupils, and so on.
Then the work will live and endure.
Workingmen and pcusants should
not only participate In the establishment of single institutions tor
the education of adults, but by par
tlclpatlng in tho Soviets for public
education should accustom themselves to consider each Individual
j branch of education as necessary to
tho whole; only in this way can
they attain their objectivo and give
to the groat majority of citizens of
the Soviet Republic tho culture to
which they aspire.—The Nation,
A System Akin to Pro-
sianisnf Is Being
Although the "war te end war"
has been completed, there are signs
that the militarists in Australia aspire to create an enlarged army ln
that country. Recently, a military
committee, appointed by the Australian government to advise on
the future of military training ln
Australia recommended that the
present Australian defence training
system of 16 days per year should
be ended and Australia should
adopt the syBtem ot other countries
and Introduce a more concentrated
couifce by providing for longer
training periods (three months per
year)' under conditions approximating as near ae possible those ot
Other recommendations are tha
formation of an army of 150,000
bayonets on divisional lines, tlie establishment of an air force divisional headquarters, skeleton, staffs,
erection ot .ordnance stores, development of arsenal departments and
the supply of munitions, - It is
stated that ln connecUon with the
scheme, the British government Is
willing to send to Australia sufflclent guns, vehicles and other material to equip the whole of the future army.
The scheme has caused much
concern in Australia, and people
are naturally wanting,to know why
we should have a large army train'
ed on a war footing, unlU.s some
scheme is laying back of the brains
of the British Imperialists that haa
has not yet been made publio property. The idea that the trainee
in Australia should be made to undergo training for three months In
the year In barracks on the continental plan, instead of the present
halt day, whole day parade system
Is something that approaches the
Prussianism we have supposed to
have killed in the recent war.
The scheme has been in the possession of the Australian government for some time, but so far they
have not dared to do anything to It.
Just now there Is opposition to it
from all quarters, particularly the
workers. It may be that in the
present unsettled state of the Australian workers' mind—and the
growing fear amongst the capitalists that the Australian workers
are a great deal more determined
to get democracy at all costs—nothing will be done for the time being. But that something will *be
attempted later on, there Is little
doubt. *
Mnny Unions Have Already Hofused
to Work on Saturday
A great number of the unions
throughout Australia are not making a delnlte stand regarding fhe
institution ot the 44-hour week, by
the abolition of the Saturday morning work. Employers, incensed at
the action ot the men, are making
an endeavor to stop the new move
and are threatening to move in
the arbitration courts to havo the
industrial wage agreements cancelled on the grounds that by refusing to work on Saturday morning, the men are really on strike.
This is not having any effect on
the workers, who are simply taking the Saturday morning oft work
and saying no more about It At
the time of writing, quite a number
of unions have already refused to
work on any more Saturday morning shifts, while dozens of other
unions are taking ballots ot their
members to decide the matter,
The Labor CouncU ot New South
Wales fa calling a meeting of all
union representatives to make the
move a national one, recognizing
that if this is done, the employers
will hot be able to penalize any
one union in the matter. Labor
Councils ln other states may be depended to take similar action in
the very near future. The new
movement ls at present confined to
the states of New South Wales,
Queensland and Victoria, though lt
can be expected to spread almost
Immediately to the other states in
Urges Against Premature Use of
Forco for labor's Emancipation
London.—The following advice
contalnod ln a letter from Lenin
to the English working clai-s has
Just lijcn made public here:
It you will succeed in bringing
about a peaceful rovolution ln
Englund no one will be as happy
about it as we. Accustom ourselves
to the principles of the trade
unions, create a strong discipline
for the labor movoment Don't
split the movement until forced to.
Don't weaken it through premature strikes and revolts,
"Bo united as long as it ls possible. Don't let yourselves be driven
to resort prematurely to forco."
'Where is your union button?
Little Bed Card Popular ln Mining
The O. B. U. Is tn Drumheller
to stay and before long the whole
valley will be packing the little red
An office has heen established ln
the town and ls located above the
Flub" bowling alley opposite the
In spite of strenuous opposition
on the part ot the mine owners,
the whole workers have determined
that this summer shall see the re-
chrlstenlng of this coal valley.
O. B. U. will be written in red
letters and the fight for the eman
cipation will be waged until the In
evltable victory ls ours.
The Monarch mine, which ls
solid O. H. II., has started an ath
letic club and the ball team has
Issued challenges to any other aggregation of players who wish to
show their mettle.
Two International "agonizers"
are in the valley, but their lot is by
no means enviable.
O. B.
Piledrivers and Wooden Bridge-
men—Every Monday.
Laundry Workers—V.very second
and fourth Tuesday.
Trades and Lalior Council—Every
Ilrst and third Wednesday.
Gvheral   Workers'   Unit—Every
seoond and fonrth Wednesday.
Gas Workers Unit—Every second
and fourth Wcdunsdsy.
Marine Firemen — Every fint
and third Wednesdays.
All Units meet In Pender Hall,
Pender Street West,
Seattle—An order temporarily
restraining offlcors of the International Longshoremen's Association
from revoking the charter ot Seattle Local No. 18-12, was Issued In
superior court hero on application
of the latter organization.
Footwear for Outing
and Sport Wear
We carry the largest and meat
complete atock ef outing shoes for
men, women and children in Weat.
em Canada.   .   ;
$10 DOWN
—will put in yonr hands any ona of 60 -superior
suits—for this week,
The balance we will gladly arrange to tave you pay
in easy instalments. Ton will never miss the money.
Fifty Suits from onr regular stock, for Ladies and
That helps you out a lot, doesn't ht Oet yours
Near Homer .
614 Hastings W.
Phone Seymour 6424
Fresh Out Flowers, Foneral Designs, Wedding Bounneta, rot Plants
Ornamental anl Shade Trees, Seeds, Bolts, Florists* Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
« Hastings Street East 728 OranvUle BtnM,
Seymour 988-672 Seymoar WIS
Cool, Comfortable Oxfords
for the Holidays
If yon u* t°l>f to enjoy
your holiday bay* four (eat
We aro showing a swell Una
of Men's Oxfords In taa,
blaok snd white.
Drop in and look them over
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
"Union-Made Footwear"
Ride to
W. H. Morrison
Agents for Xaasey Harris
108 Hastlnga Stmt E.
Vaneonver, B. 0.
Entirely new stock ot
first -class machines of
excellent quality.
The M.T. Loggers' Boot
HaU orders fitssasllr atMaded te
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and An Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS A SON
Neit Door to Loggers' Halt
Phone Seymour  55S Repairs Don. White Ton Walt
Abrams the Tailor
twelfth tear. ho. ii    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST - vancouveb, b. *
Cepyricht 1920 Hsu Schaffner & Man
BOYS' DEPT.—2nd floor
Boys' Suits
We do not hesitate to say that you will find those suits exceptional value. When you place them alongside suits you
have up tn selling ut ?20 and $22.50, you will flnd that they
are fully as good nnd in many instances better. We bought
good, flne all-wool tweeds and worsted fabrics in large
quantities. We then had these suits made up in smart boys'
styles that are to be found only here. Single and double
breasted models (slightly form-fitting, with belt and slash
pockets; trousers have two hip, two side and watch pockets
and Governor fasteners. They're well tailored, even to the
button holes—reinforced at knee, crotch and scat. Shown
In tweeds, fancy mixtures and navy. Many of these Suits
aro shown with two pairs of pants. Sizes 24 to 37.
We absolutely guarantee these Suits to jour
satisfaction—lf tbey don't wear as long as you
think they ahould. and look well as long as
they wear, return, tbem and get your money
Tbe Home of
Canada's Largest Exclusive Store for Men.and Boys
.We Sell Union-Made Clothes for.Men
Moscow.—Recognition of tbe Far
Eastern Democratic Republic of Siberia has been decided upon by the
Bussian Soviet Oovernment. Diplomatic relations between the soviet government and the Far Eastern Republic will be opened immediately.
Chicago.—The 40-hour Ave-day
week In every branch of the garment Industry le to be striven for
by the incoming general executive
board of the International Ladies'
Garment Workers' Union, now in
convention assembled at Carmen's
Hall, this city, according tu instructions voted by the delegates. The
convention further endorsed the
proposal of its officers for an alliance of the entire needle industry,
for affiliation with foroign tailors'
groups, and for union" ownership
of factories and stores.
What about renewing your sub.?
C.W.S. Goods
A SHIPMENT ef dry goods has Just arrived from our own
factories In England. These goods are of exceptional value
and quality and we can say without fear of contradiction that
they cannot be duplicated anywhere in the city.
. *
These goods consist of:
These goods arenot doped and if sou wnnt cloth instead of
dope we have it. Purchasing dividends with all sales.
Grocery  Combination  Special
Oa«h and Carry Only
1 tin -of Corn
1 tin Buttercup Milk
1 Ib. Tea
Value 95c; our price
These combination offers will be changed every day nt all
•or stores. ■
Co-operative Stores
.. MEW WESmiNSTER ...,3f EIGHTH; ST.   PHONE 1502
No worry or care
Pay ae you near
on all our
High Grade
Ladies' Suits
ere exclusive models—the choicest
of New York's newest creations—
the quality and fine tailoring is
exceptional throughout. M'e are of.
fcrfcng these at a 15 per cent, discount—a very decided cut, particularly when you consider our easy
payment plan.
Is rushed these days fitting the smart dre&sers
to our new waist-line, belted and corseted effect BUitS.
Opposite Province Offlce
Pbone Soy. 1301
Press Well
Eaay Terms
Nobody Arrested in U. S.
for Plotting May Day
(By Paul Hanna)
Staff Correspondent of the Federated Press.
Washington.—One - half million
dollars' worth of spies now drawing salaries from the Department
of Justice will lose their jobs on
June 30. The House of Representatives cut that much off the snooping appropriation on May 10.
Attorney-General Palmer had
askod for a total of $2,500,000,
saaying lie needed $1,000,000 to
run down radicals, $500,000 to
chase profiteers, and another million for miscellaneous purposes.
Byrne, of Tennessee, was making
the flght for Palmer.
"Can you tell us," asked Mac-
Crate of New York, "how many
anarchists Palmer arrested as a result of hin May Day plot?" Byrns
said he could not. "Have you any
idea that even one was arrested?"
persisted MacCrate. "I do not
know that any were taken,'*. Byrne
Then Blanton, of Texas, camo to
Palmer's rescue,' declaring thut
while the attorney-general had arrested 0000 anarchists within the
post threo months, "Louis F, Post,
assistant secretary of labor, has
turned most of them loose on the
American people/'
"Well," retorted MacCrate, *,'.f
those 6000 anarchists existed fn the
same place that the bomb throwers
of May 1 existed, then they never
had any existonce outside of Mr.
Palmer's mind.
But WiU Prepare for Big
Communal   Struggle
Now Brewing
London.—There will be no miners' strike tills month. The ballot
has been taken und by a narrow
majority—lit.000 on a vote of 874j-
000 the men have decided to accept the government's offer of 2s.
t- day advance for men and nine
pence a duy for boys rather than
to strike for three shillings and one
•nd six pence. This offer was mnde
After the Miners' Federation had
rejected Mr. Lloyd George's previous "final terms," and after negotiations had been broken off by the
government. South Wales and Lancashire even so gave big majorities
in favor of the strike but wore outvoted by the other districts.
Robert Smillie—ex-president of
the federation but still the biggest
and best-loved figure fn the British
labor movement, was against thc
strike, because, as he told the Daily
Herald, he believed" it would have
allowed the government to put the
miners Into a false position to apparent hostility to the community.
Ho wants direct action, not for
sectional purposes, not for mere
wage increases, but in the big communal struggle, "when the government would be driven Into open defense of vested interests ln mining
against a combined consumers' and
producers' demand for nationalization."
The Trade Union Congress tost
one big opportunity for such a fight
when it turned down the proposal
for .direct action for nationalization.
But the idea is growing. The fatality of sectional Arlkes and the use-
lessness of wage increases, which
are Immediately offset by increased
prices are gradually being realized.
The next congress In September is
to consider the whole question of
reorganizing the trade union machinery with a view to providing
for swift and decisive conserted notion in an emergency. And special
committees are getting down to
work at a plan for a Trade Union
general staff, whose object it Will
be to co-ordinate and direct offensives against tbe. employers—and
perhaps against the whole wage
Big   Clothing   Workers'
Convention Applauds
One Big Union Idea
(By the Federated Press.)
Boston. — The solidarity of the
workers in all branches of the
needle trades was shown in a stirring manner at the second session
|of the convention of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers' of America when General Secretary Musto
and a committee of the Amalgamated Textile Workers appeared in
Ford Hall. The committee eome to
ask for amalgamation of the textile workers with the clothing workers. That their request will be
granted was indicated by the delegate's applause. The delegates
arose and applauded the textile
workers for several minutes. President Hillman aroused still more enthusiasm acclaimed when he spoke
in behalf ef (he movement for one
big union In the needle trades "The
wolfare of the workers in every industry, and th'e welfare of the Industries themselves demand that
they be organized along Industrial
lines," said Hillman. "The separate
organization of each craft which
permits ten people to slop an entire Industr> Is not only weak from
the point of the workers, but It is
also dangerous from the point of
view of the public. I hope that in
the near future the clothing industry will be oiganisetl completely,
thnt evory element in the inaustn
\v!'l bo repivjctueil 1:, t:ne organ iza-
ti->l so that pj;i ii .*} can be laid ont
fnr the needle ■*i<lul n*; as a whil;."
I-iilln.an deno-nue.i ihe emplovers
In tho textile an I Moel Indus*"!c3
for their rotysal to permit thslr
workers to utwa*.70. He decWrjd
that the public is compelled to pay
the price for the continuous unrest
in industries which have ho machinery for the collective adjustment of grievances. The present
membership of the A. I. W. is over
London. — Denunciation of the
Polish attack on Bolsheviki Russia
and what is claimed to be "Great
Britain's complicity in tbat offensive" is contained in a manifesto IB-
sued bere by a number of labor
leaders, including John Holier t
Clynes, William Brace nnd WiMiam
Crooks, labor members of parliament. The triennial conferesce-of
the Dockers ynlnn, sitting at''Plymouth, has passed by acclamation
a resolution forbidding the loading
of any more-munitions to be used
against Russia. According to1 thc
Herald, organ of labor, the question of a national strike as * pretest against the Polish attack on
Russia Is being discussed In Tabor
Here tea copy of nn advertisement that an up-to-date New York-
store recently placed: "Sub3tuntial
overalls in fashionable one-piece
models, made of strong, serviceable
materials, suitable, alike for dress,
for ofllce, bollermaklng, bookkeeping, fishing, gardening, school, banquet, church and the thoatre. They
are pleasingly priced as follows:
Plain overalls, $2.50 to $3.50: overall^ with belts and solid gold, sterling silver and French enamel
■buckles, from $4 to $10.35; with
rhtnestone buckles, $43.50 to
Detroit, Mich.—Fully 5000 people crowded the Arena Gardens, the
largest hall in this city, to voice
protest against the outrageous
treatment accorded aliens held
since the red raids in January.
Palmer's policies came In for a
great deal of scathing denunciation,
The meeting was held under the
auspices of the Detroit Federation
of Labor. Austin Simons, of Chl-
coga, Miss Helen Todd of California, and' Walter Kelson, a local Labor attorney, made addresses. The
audience voted confidence in Louis
Post, assistant secretary of Labor,
and expressed gratitude for the*
manner in which he has chnmpion-
ed thc cause of the detained aliens.
Seattle.—Planfe or another labor
controlled laundry are under way
here as thc result of the Mutual
laundry being swamped with more
business than it can handle. Close
to $1000 a day Is the amount of
business recorded in the Mutual's
bookB. With a downtown receiving Htatlon in the Labor Temple,
the union controlled laundry Is
challenging tbe supremacy of lbe
private concerns and threatens soon
to be the biggest institution of Its
kind in the city. Tbe lnundry pays
the highest wages in Seattle. It has
rest rooms for its women employees,
and coffee Is Iserved freo to all employees at meal hours.
Rhinelander, Wis.—Reports nt
the headquarters of District No, 2 of
the International Timber Workers'
Union, which embraces Wisconsin,
Michigan and Minnesota, indicate
that the strike culled Monday has
completely tied up most of lhe lumber industry of the northwest. In
many places the lumber mills are
shut down, and in others thc walkout is still going on. Fully 20,000
men are on strike for the eight hour
day and the existing wage scale,
say the union leaders. Tbe men
have announced   that   thoy   have
Seattle.—Plans for another labor
out until thoir demands haVe been
met by thc operators.
Hand the l£ed. to your shopmate
when you are through with It.
Southampton, Eng.—The Trades
and Labor Council of Southampton
dug In its toes during the strike of
electrical workers, which has Just
ended, when the mayor attempted
to use strikebreakers. Threatening
a general strike,, and sticking its
ground, the council remained in
session for fourteen continuous
hours until the mayor gave In and
allowed the strikebreakers to be
Winnipeg. — Telephone workers
In the employ of the Manitoba government will receive a minimum
wage of 90 1-2 cents per hour and
a maximum of 97 1-2 cents per
hour in a new wage agreement
which bas been ratified by the Manitoba Government Telephone commission, and the Independent Brotherhood of Telephone Workers.
Winnipeg. Employees of the city,
afflliated in the Civic Employees'
Federation,' will not accept the new
wnge schedule approved by the city
council until further negotiations
With thc civic wage committee.
Strong objection Is taken to what
in labor circles is termed the "Slave
Pact," which forbids civic em
ployees affiliating with any union,
and which is the chief objection
raised against the wage schedule.
Aeliiile Lorin writes: "Thus, in
the Greek cities the poor were always In favor of peace, while the
rich wanted wur, consequently the
direction of foreign politics always
depended upon the eternal conflict
between those who have and those
who havo not." How times have
A Vigorous Progressive
Campaign Is Beinig
Carried On
Voting tor the election of officers
of the International Typographical
Union will take place on Wednesday, May 26. During the past three
months a vigorous campaign has
been in progress between "Administration ists" on the one hand, and
"Progressives" on the other. The
handling of union affairs by the
Scott-Hays administration has of
recent years been causing serious
dissatisfaction amongst the membership, and strained relationships
with local unions have resulted in
several instances. Perhaps the
m'ost serlou's of these "insurrections" was the trouble in the New
Tork book and Job printing industry during October and November
of last year. The executive officers
of the I. T. U. did 'not by any means
cover themselves with glory in this
controversy, but incurred the condemnation ot a large section of the
CARL JENSEN, of Winnipeg, candidate for second vice-president
of the International Typographical Union.
Buy at a union store.        " H
Oakland, Cal.—A rnid was made
on lhe headquarters of the 6. B.
U. recently, nnd typewriters nnd
offlce fixtures damaged by unknown
persons. Some of the members
blume it on to the reactionary
unions, and others on the police. It
is Buspeeted, however, that the police know more about the affair
than they care to divulge.
Be sure to notify the post ofllce
as soon as you change your address,
Belgrade—The membership of
the Communist party of Jugoslavia is now 40,000, according to the
last report of party officials. Two
duily pnpers and six weeklies supported by the party have a wide
circulation throughout Jugo-Slavla.
The trnde unions in the country
now have a membership of 100,000.
Where Is your union button?
Winnipeg.—The wage schedule
of all Winnipeg city employees except thc firemen have Been settled
on n basis of $20 a month flat increase to all employees to meet the
high cost of living, with two weeks'
holiday per year in second year of
service or over. First year carries
one week's holldny. Thc firemen
are asking for equal wages with the
policemen and their case goes to an
arbitration be***-
Blue Serge
■   Good wearing; fast colored raa«
terials. Any style you may prefer.
Others at$50, $60 and $65.
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 Granville Street
membership, and the formation of
a Progressive Party within the
union, wus the natural outcome of
existing conditions. With the object of preventing further breaches
of this nature, ami to correct otner
abuses which are charged againsi
the present adm into tru tion (notably the squandering of funds),
the Progressive Party present u
full ticket fur election to lhe exocutive council:
■ Mr. John McPnrtlnnd, of New
Tork Union No, 6, is candidate for
president; Mr. J. J. Dirks or St.
Louis, (Mo.), Union No. 8, seek*,
election as Ilrst vice-president, ln
nominating Mr. -Curl Jensen, of
Winnipeg Union, No. 191, for the
2nd vice-presidency, the Progressive campaign committeo has recognized the justice of the claim
for Canadian representation on the
enecutive council—a claim which
hus always been opposed by the
Heot'-Huys aggregation. For the
responsible position of secretary-
treasurer, Mr. Wm. 33. Towno, of
Duluth Union, No. 130, is the Progressive candidate, than whom a
more capable mnn for the position
could not'be found. -Mr. McPurt-
Innd hns received the endorsation
of 100 unions, embracing .JM00
members; Mr. Dirks 122 unions
(27,000 members); Mr. Jensen, 172
unions, (80,000 memberu), and Mr,
Tonne, 118 unions, (28,000 members.) The manner ln which the
United States unions have backed
up Mr. J onsen's candidature goes
to show that Canada's right to representation .on the International
council is fully recognized by our
neighbors south of the line. He
is a man of sterling character, and
In every way fitted for the position
to which he aspires. If elected, ho
will faithfully represent the rank
ond flle in every part of the Jurisdiction, and at the sume time, safeguard the Interests of the Canadian
membership. While doing all in,
our power to elect Mr. Jensen, we
must not lose sight of the fact that
we must elect his companions also
If we do not want bis hands tied.
If Canadians will vote for Jensen
and bis ticket, all will be well. No
stronger indictment of the present
administration can be found than Is
contufned in a circular recently issued by them bearing the title:
"This is America—Not Russia! We
Are Americans! Long Live the I.
T. U." This circular has been circulated widely ln Cnnnda, and we
strongly urge nil incmbeifs to read
it and re-read it.
AVinnipeg   Progressive   Campaign
The Largest Exclusive Men's arid Boys* Shoe Store
in the West
"Co-operated" Between "Man and Man"
Shoes at
a price
The shoe we ieature
here conies in Black
or Brown, in a variety of shapes. Built
with No. 1 oak-tanned leather soles, Goodyear welted
— shoe that will stand up tadcr any ordinary wear,
Cornett Bros. & Clarke, Ltd.
33 Hastings Street East
Bakers' Strike
Don't Let the Driver
Look for the Bakers'
on the Bread
White they are telling you to reduce the cost of living, by producing more, they are whispering that
in sixty days there may be overproduction; mch looking for work,
and a grand opportunity to smash
the unions, and make the open
shop national.
Seattle.—The school board hate
ordered that building contracts in
future shall contain a clause denying to contractors the right to employ only union men.
Ran Francisco—Headquarters of
the O. B. U. were raided last week
and five members arrested on a
charge of vagrancy. Austin Lewis,
aided by the Labor Defence League,
took up thc cases, and the men
were released by order of the judge.
Bill Lloyd remarked the ither
day, as Jje pulled off his overalls:
"I see by the evening- Teaser that
these dubs are getting to be aristocratic togs. Before the price of
tweeds falls, some banker will get
arrested as an honest working man
on strike."
At Halifax the Labor- Party not
yet a year old, has elected three
straight labor candidates to the city
council. Aldermen Scanlon, Mason and Rudge. This gives the Labor Party nn equal representation
in thc council of six aldermen.
Seattle.—The Private Soldiers
and Sailors Legion has formed a
local branch In, Centralla, Wash.;
scene of the armfetlco day killing.
Forty-two members%gned the Centralla charter of this organization,
which permits only men below the
rani; of commissioned officers to
Beforo it adjourned last week the
New York Legislature passed acts
to keep the Socialist Party oft the
official ballot, and tf the governor
signs them another chapter ln New
York's revolution against the ballot box will bc complete.
The charters of 62 lodges of the
Brotherhood ot Railway Trainmen
have been revoked because of activities in the recent United States
strike. A referendum was being
taken for a special convention, but
as these locals were among those
who were In favor of it( there is
every possibility of lt being defeated.
Employees of the Toronto Sti
Railway Company have decided
demand 85 cents an hour at
expiration of their agreement ti
the company, June 16. The y
sent rate of pay ls f.i cents an be
The difference is something 1
this: If you interpret past histi
In Us economic terms, you are
scholar; If you exxploin present tl
affairs the sams way. you're
Paris—Offices of Le Soviet,
Communist organ, and other C01
munlst headquarters, were raid
by the police on the ground tii
they are trying to cause dlssatiifa
tlon in the army.
Paris—Boris Souverina, a Socli
Ist editor, wus arreBted on t
charge of having plotted again
tho safety of the state.
Bruce Runs
a Man's
C. D. Bruce is carrying
on as men want a store to
be run.
The salesmen are here
because they know the
business and not because
they can sell goods.
If a man wants a suit he can pick it out—the clothing
man will help if you want his experienced judgment, but
it's up to you to do yom-own deciding.
C. D. Bruce
Successor to Jonali-Pratt Co.,
On Empire Day
An hourly train service, leaving North Vancouver for Horso
shoe Bay at 30 minute* pa/sTcedi hour, will lie operated on May
2itli and every Sunday from the North Shore tormina] of Ute
Boating Bathing Fishing
Refreshments and .accommodation obtainable at two hotels.
Free tables and seats installed In a pool, shady park, for the use
of picnickers.
Return Fare 60c—Good Day of Issue Only
Take tlie ferry leaving Vancouver on tin hour. P. G. E, Dopo*
adjoining North Vnncouver Ferry Wharf.
For Further Information Telephone Seymour 95(7, Vatn-_n£cr
Pacific Great Eastern Railway


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