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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 16, 1921

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$2.#) PER YEAR
Anti-Asiatic Cry Is Dis-
cused at Big
Capitalism, Not Orientals,
Cause of Unemployment and Misery
t That all the people in Vancouver
tre not carried away by the Asiatic Exclusion cry, was well demonstrated at the meeting held last
Friday ln the Pender hall, where
■ome 600 people gathered to hear
this subject discussed, and before
•the meeting closed, without dissent,
Idopted the following resolution:
"Whereas, wc, tho workers, realize that- we havo no enemies
.except the capitalist class of all
countries;   therefore,   be  lt   resolved, that this meeting of or-
.fanlzed  workera of Vancouver,
go on record as being oppoaed
to any legislation or action that
Will tend to exclude any workers
from Cnnada."
'     Tho original resolution only referred to Asiatics, but was amended to read "any workers," In place
Of Asintics.
J. G. Smith, who occupied the
chair, ln opening, stated that at
this time, when many workers are
feeling want, and there is a fear
of anybody getting the Job, then
■ the cry ot Asiatic exclusion is once
again raised. If the exclusion of
the Asiatic Is to solve the unemployed question, thon we are for It,
but wo arc not going to take the
word of any Tom, Dick or Harry
for it, and for that reason this
meeting has been called so that
tho matter can b,e thoroughly dis
cut&cd. Before calling on the first
apeaker, he pointed out that the
meeting would be orderly conduct-
od, and tf anybody desired to disrupt it, that the door was the way
they came ln, an that it would be
the way they went out.
A. Mclnnis, of the Federated Labor Party, was tho flrst speaker.
Ho stated that lf tho worke.s were
seeking a way out of tho mire, there
must be a large number who have
not found that way, or thoy would
not be wasting their time on the
Question ot Aslativ exclusion. Continuing, he pointed out that many
section.1, of the community were
complaining against the orientals,
the most pronounced complaint
was that they were allowed to own
property; it was all right for them
to-work on land, but not to own
It, nnd that when thoy were first
Introduced into tho country, it was
to aupply a demand for cheap labor, but when they enter into com-
(Contlnued on page S)
Council of Workers Formulate Further Plans
to Aid Russia
The regular meeting of the
Council of Workers was held in
the Pender Hall on Tuesday night.
Further efforts for the raising of
funds tor famine stricken Russia
were discussed and It was decided
to hold a dance on September the
23rd and to request permission fof
a tag day for this purpose.
A communication was received
from Princo Rupert asking for information as to the formation of
the council, as tho workers in that
district are desirous of forming a
similar body.
A delegate from the South Vancouver unemployed reported that
they had requested tho Socialist
Party of Canada to nominate J.
Kavanagh to contest that constituency in the coming election. He
also reported that Commissioner
Gillespie had Interviewed their
secretary and suggested the holding of a concert for the aid of the
children of the unemployed. The
proposal was turned down.
Tho executive was instructed to
complete all arrangements for a
meeting on Sunday, the 18th, on
the Cambie Street grounds in the
ev«mt of permission for holding
the meeting being granted.
Tho council decided to notify
labor bodies in the different cities
that the slogan "Work or Full
Pay," had been adopted for the
coming winter.
Wm. Ivens to Speak at the
Royal on Sunday
A large audienco greeted Wm.
Ivens, M. L. A., of Winnipeg at the
Royal thoatre on Sunday evening.
Comrade Ivens, who has BpoHeh
•t a great many places between
Winnipeg and the Coast, said that
be nover realized how bad be really wus until he read tho Western
At one place en route, some one
had gone to the troublo of Impersonating Mr. Ivens, and advertising
bis meetings. As this advertising
was paid for, and contained in I
Information, ho left it to his audience to draw thoir own conclusions
as to who would bo interested
onough in his movements, as to
spend money on false advertising.
Comrade Ivens will speak next
Sunday at the Roynl theatre. Sub'
Ject, "Evolution vs. Revolution."
Saturday ovening, he will speak
In the Fraser.HaU, South Vancouver, The members of the party
are asked to attend a convention
at the P. h. P. Hull, 148 Cordova
Btreet west, on Monday, Sept.' 19.
All members should make an effort
to attend.
Oakland, Cal.—Tho Alameda
county Building Trades Council
bas voted the consolidation of all
building crafts Into one international union. This step towards
Industrial unionism will enable a
man belonging, to one craft to
work ln another without "scabbing," If he ls not able to obtaain
Work In his own trade.
Do Not Want to Fight for
Capitalism of
Big Meeting to Be Held
on Wednesday
At the regular meeting of the
Lumber Workers, held on Sunday,
Sept. 11, the delegato from Campbell's camp, Cardero Channel, delivered a messago from the men in
that camp containing an appeal for
somothing to bo done towards reorganizing the Lumber Workers
Union. This camp Is a camp that
has set an example of what can be
done if the right spirit ls shown.
The speakor pointed out that the
logger is the most generous Individual on earth, and that in the past,
that generosity had resulted in his
boing made the prey of all the predatory elements of mankind, which
had a tendency to make him suspicious. He also pointed out that_
thero were potentialities In the'
rank and fllo of the lumber workers which had only to be brought
out to make of the Lumbor Workers' Union a lighting machine that
would yet strike terror Into thc
heart of the most tyrannical lumber barren. Ho pointed out that
the possibilities of tying up the
industry wore greater now than
ever before, inasmuch as with the
low price of logs it wns absolutely
essential that a high state of efficiency must be maintained; thnt
being the ense iie plainly showed
that the high-riggers, hook-tenders, fallers and donkey punchers
alone could make the boss jump
sideways, Theso men, by throwing thcir weight on the side of organization could greatly assist the
men receiving a starvation wage
to raise their standad of living to a
standard worthy of human beings.
After considerable discussion it
was finally decided to hold a meeting In thc .very near future for the
purpose of outlining a policy of
reconstruction for • the Lumber
Workers' Union. ThiiS meeting will
be held ln the loggers* hall on
Wednesday, September 21st, at 8
p.m. Fellow-Worker W. A. Prltchard will address the meeting to
got it going and after that has
finished it will be a meeting for
tho loggers to discuss ways and
means of malting their organization something that will force the
boss to give thom something better than musty hay and oats.
All lumber workers are cordially
Invited to attend and If there Is
nny criticisms to offer bring them
nlong and by a free and open discussion clear tho ground for the
building of a bigger and better organization than ever. It is to be
hoped, that all those who have a
grievance, fancied or otherwise,
will come along and take this opportunity of getting together to
discuss the common problems.
People Are Not Behind
Hughes, Who Says He
Will Sign Treaty
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent.)
Sydney, N, S. W,—The people of
America should know that despite
all the frothy talk by Hughes
(Australian Prime Minister) at the
Imperial Conference, held In London in July, the renewal of the
Anglo-Japanese treaty Is bitterly
opposed by the bulk of the Australian people, who will solidly refuse to
honor any treaty which pledges
them to shed their blood In any future war in the interests of tho Jap
anese nation.
They consider the Anglo-Jap
treaty as a war-provoktng treaty,
and lf consented to by Australia,
likely to bring that country sooner
or later into conflict with Russia,
United States nnd China. They repudiate the suggestion by Hughes
that the treaty will be made accept:
able to America as an insult to their
Here Is the true Australian feeling, as summed UP by the Australian Worker, of Sydney (Australia) :
' "Tho Anglo-Japanese treaty can
never be anything else than hateful to the American nation, and
those who sign lt can never be
regarded other than as bad friends
and  potential  enemies.
"Trouble between the Western
republic and the Eastern autocracy is already hrewing, The
handing over of Yap to the Japanese by the allies is a very sore
point with America, and the seizure
of territory in Siberia by .Japanese
forces may at any time precipitate
tho East and West in a desperate
"If Hughes signs the Anglo
Japanese treaty for Australia, as
he says he Intends to do, what will
bo Australia's position when the
inevitable occurs?
"A clause in the treaty reliving
Great Britain of the obligation to
help Japan against America would
bo reduced to a mouthful of idlo
words in the stupendous crash of
"What lf the war started between China and Japan in conse
quence of the latter's persistent
aggressions? Russia would range
herself behind China. Britain and
Australia, by the terms of the
treaty, would have to go to Japan's
assistance. Then when America
made common cause with China
and Russia, as sho must, would
the war be kept in two water-tight
compartments? Would thc British
and American forces simply take
off their hats to each other when
they met on opposite sides? The
thing it too horribly preposterous.
"An effete Parliament in Australia has given Hughes permission to sign the treaty, but the
people have not done so. One
thing is certain—Australia will
never fight for the Japanese ruling class.
"The name of Australia's prime
minister may be appended to the
treaty, but Australia herself will
seize tho eenrllest opportunity to
repudiate the signaturo and lot
tho whole world know that she
declines ot offer up a bloody sacrifice on the altar of Oriental capitalism."
Nell McLean to Speak
Neil McLean, M. P., will address
a meeting of the Self-Determina-
tion for Ireland League on Sunday
night In the Pender Hall, corner
of Howe and Pender Streets. A
big crowd is expected to turn out
to hear the British Labor M. P.
Whist, 8 to 10; Dancing, 9 to 12
boost the; working
class press
WHENEVER an election takes place the ruling class
has the service of the daily press. labor is compelled to rely on weekly papers, or special election literature of a very inadequate nature. The coming election
will see the country flooded, with all kinds of publications
and elaborate literature, containing ruling class cries and
propaganda. The necessity, of a wider circulation of the
labor press in the coming months is therefore of primal
importance if the working class political parties are to
spread their ideas uid propaganda, There will be more
working-class candnntes in the coming election than ever
before in a Dominion contest. Their policies and platforms can only be given publicity to by the means already
referred to. The slogan should therefore be, "BOOST
PRESS." You can do this by getting a new subscriber
for the Federationist   Do it now.
Socialist Party Will Contest All Three
Miners  Protest  Against
Government by Gunmen and Thugs
Supreme Court Gives Decision to Please U. S.
Washington — Recognition of
Mexico Is believed to have been
brought measurably nearer by thc
decision of the Mexican supreme
court to Interpret Its constitution
to suit the convenience of United
States capitalists.
The question whether Article 27
of the Mexican constitution, which
gave the government the right to
all mineral and oil properties ln
tho subsoil, was retroactive was
the chief obstacle In the way of recognition of Mexico, Secretary of
Stato Hughes had Insisted upon the
"protection of property rights" of
Americans and declared that a retroactive interpretation of . this
clause would be "confiscation."
President Obregon has steadfast
ly refused to givo any guarantees
on this matter, but lt Is believed
here that executive pressure probably was brought to bear on the
supreme court to obtain a decision
which would lessen tho likelihood
of misunderstanding between the
two countries, Thoso closely In
touch with the situation declare
Obregon dared not yield from his
original position because of radical pressure from his own people,
Tho court decision permits him t&
"save his face" with the Mexican
people and at the same time avoid
ii dispute with the United States
which contained grave elements of
If you want some sample copies
of this paper for your neighbors,
call around to the office and get
State Government  Controlled by Employers,
Men State
(By The Federated Press.) I
Washingtton, D. C.—Wholesale
"frame-ups" against all officials, of
the United Mine Workers of America by state and county authorities will be the next step In the
West Vlrganla struggle between
miners and operators. This is
the word brought to Washington
by officials of District No. 17.
As soon as the "miners' army
had peacefully dispersed on the
arrival of the federal troops, Governor Morgan, of West Virginia,
announced that "every effort will
be made to punish those responsible for inciting the miners to
treason and insurrection against
the state," and added he had
"been assured by the public officers of Logan, Boone, Fayette,
Raleigh and Kanawwha counties
that thero will be no official slackerism ln the prosecution of those
who were responsible for this
movement against tho state,"
Local labor leaders say that the
mine owners absolutely control
the courts In the above named
counties. They declare the administration of justice has broken
down and point out that it was
the illegal arrest and detention of
36 miners which first caused the
march on Mingo. If an effort is
made to hunt down, indict and
"railroad" all union officials and
the leaders of the thousands of
men who took part In the muss
prootest against "government by
gunmen," leaders here fear a recurrence of the outbreak.
Some Already Changed
C. F. Keeney and Fred Mooney,
president and secretary of District
No. 17, United Mine Workers of
America, already have been indicted by a Mingo county grand jury
on trumped-up charges of murder.
It Is alleged that they "incited a
disturbance" which resulted in. a
man being killed. Thero Is no accusation that thoy were present
at tho killing. This is known as
"constructive murder," and undei
this theory it is impossible to indict
men on very far-fetched theories.
Governor Morgan's statement Is
vindictive and indicates that the
mine operators are determined to
continuo In their efforts to crush
out the unions by fair means or
foul. His statement is virtully a
threat of prosecution against all
men active in union organization—
on the theory that the union offl
(Continued on page 2)
New Economic Policy of
Russia  Not  Anti-
Programme Is For Purpose of Meeting Actual
(Editor's Note: The corporation
controlled newspapers and magazines of the country have been rejoicing greatly over what they declare to be an abondonment of the
principles of Communism and a return to capitalism on the part of
Lenln and his associates in Soviet
Russia, Mr. Foster, who is writing this series of articles under a
commission from The Federated
Press, thinks these agencies are
counting their chickens before they
are hatched. In this, his thirteenth
article, he tells why he thinks so.)
By William Z. Foster
(Federated Press Staff Writer)
Moscow, July 21.—Within the
last year the Soviet government has
embarked on three niea.sures, all
parts of a general economic program, which have made a profound
Impression throughout tho world.
They are: (1) Intensified efforts
to break the blockade and to develop economic relations with the
great powers; (2) Granting of in
dustrial concessions ln Russia to
foreign capital; (3) Lifting of the
government's strict Industrial mon
npoly and the establishment of free
trade In Russia.
Capitalistic interests everywhere
hailed) the first of these propdsi
tions as Communism's preliminary
step towards cupitulation to the
system of private property; they
still more joyfully received the second one as Indicating further progress towards the hoped for collapse, and the third was a signal
for world-wide capltalistc rejoicing.
This was looked upon as marking
the definite end of Communism
in Russia and the beginning of the
rebfrth of capitalism there. Many
radicals and revolutionaries,
friends of Soviet Russia, have
feared that there was considerable
basis for the capitalistic deductions.
In this article 1 shall undertake
to show American readers, hi broad
outline at least, what these three
Important measures mean and what
their probable effects may be. Before doing so, however, it is neccss-
ary to flrst consider the situation
which led to their adoption.
Serious Crisis
Russia li now passing through a
serious economic crisis. As a result of the long war and thc social
revolution the Industries of tlio
country are practically ruined.
(Continued on page I)
W. A, Pritchard to Speak
at   Columbia   on
Much Interost was displayed in
the propaganda meeting of the
Socialist Party of Canada last Sunday night. The Columbia Theatre
was well filled by 8 o'clock, when
Comrado Wells, who was chairman,
opened the meeting with a short
talk in which he outlined the
policy of the S. P. of C. The
speaker of the evening, Com, J.
Turner, then opened his address
which lasted the better part of an
hour and was followed with the
keenest attention by his audience.
During the time allowed for questions tho meeting became very
lively, a little opposition appearing in the shape of a somewhat
confused protagonist of tariffs and
Increased exports, etc. The chairman took advantage of the occasion* to drive home a few truths
regarding the actual position of
the working class and those issues
which will be placed before them
in the forthcoming Dominion election. His remarks were warmly
applauded and a fine evening's
propaganda was brought to a close.
Next week the speaker will be W.
A. Pritchard, and a big meeting is
At the regular business meeting
of Vancouver Local No 1, candidates were nominated to contest the
three  local  constituencies as  follows:
Vancouver Centre—T, O'Connor
Burrard—J.  D.  Harrington,
Vancouver South—J. Kavanagh
It    is    hoped    by    the    Party
that till who support the principles
of progressive working class action
as set forth by the S. P. of C. will
give their best efforts towards making the forthcoming eloction campaign a complete success.
At no previous election has the
Party taken the field under such
fortunate circumstances for -the
spreading of class knowledge. Thc
hollow and plausible slogans now
being prepared by the professional
spell-binders representative of the
great property interests will fall
to satisfy a working class, smarting with a sense of injustice and
burdened with fears and doubting
as to their ability to procure the
very simplest of human wants.
The appeal of the Marxian Socialist will bo listened to as never before. Tho Capitalist System of
wealth production is far spent with
old nge and degeneracy. Society
is becoming helpless and stagnant,
and to those who understand, the
appeal for concerted action in thc
coming struggle will not bo in vain.
At the next business meeting of
Local No. 1 the necessary com
mltteos will ibe elected and plans
for the campaign will be discussed.
Under the Auspices of the Famine Stricken Bussia Relief
Committee of the Council of Workers
Sunday, Sept. 18th
at 3 p.m.
A Collection Will Bo Taken.
*■***••**•»***••*•+••+•*••*•'**.*-» -a ■*" i i>'i|.i«Mi"-i'i"t"*"t'iint"i iii't-t.it->»t"i"i'^i
Forging Ahead.
In three days the local com
mltlee for raising funds for Famine Stricken Russia collected close
to three hundred dollars, with
much more promised and all returns not in.
Dance Saturday
Don't forget tho aance on .Saturday night in the Pender Hull,
cornor of Pender and Howe sts.
Good music, a fine floor and evory
accommodation. Admission, gents
BOc,   ladles  25c.
Workers Are Seeking tor
Some Measures of
(By The Federated Press.)
Seattle.—With more than 10,-
000 heads of families already unemployed In this city, the Central
Labor Council Is urging public relief measures to cope with the
growing unemployment crisis. A
report of its strategy committee
rocommends that the governor of
the state call a conference of all
puublle officials In charge of public works to chart Out new projects and jobs which may relieve
unemployment and also to take
measures to cut the work hours of
public employees to six hours.
The plan recently adopted by
Bakers' Local No. 79, of Seattle,
was endorsed. This plan calls for
the rotation of work among all
members of the Bakers' Union
who are regularly enrolled on the
organization's books by early fall,
so that each unemployed member
may be given two days' work a
week. Failing thls,*the union will
pay out of its own treasury the
equivalent of two days' pay by an
assessment on all members working steadily.
Awarded Chicago Building Trades Wages Contractors Dared Not
,     (By The Federated Press.)
Chicago.—"Tho contractors did
not daro ask us to take a cut and
mako such big concessions ln our
working conditions," is tho way
building trades workers put It
when they had read and reread
tho decision of tho arbitrator,
Federal Judgo Landis, In which
wages have been cut from 10 to
36 per cent.
There were threats of a walkout
but the business agents would not
allow themselves to be quoted
until after tho unions hud met and
taken action. They expressed apprehension as to whnt would happen at the Building Trades Council meeting when the agreement is
to  bo  discussed.
Meantime the carpenters, plasterers, painters and other organizations wheh had refused to becomo
parties to tho Landis arbitration,
wero congratulating themselvea.
Tho carpenters, for instnnco, nre
all employed at tho $1.25 scale
and have made no change In their
working rules. They have signed
contracts with moro than half of
the employing contractors of the
city and announce- that beginning
Friday they will allow none of their
men to work with contractors who
do not sign up with lho union.
You muy wish to help The Fed-
ei'ntlonfrt. You can do so by renewing your subscription promptly nnd
sending In the subscription of your
friend or neighbor,
Patronize Fedorationist advents-
Sunday Meeting Addressed by Exponent of Industrial Unionism
The feature of the Sunday afternoon meeting at the Pender Hall
was an address by Mr. H, Sprague
on "Socialist Industrial Unionism."
The speaker prefaced his subject
with a review of the development
of Trades Unions in North America,
dealing in turn with the Knights of
Labor and the A. F. of L. up to the
formation of the Socialist Trades
and Labor Alliance in 1S96, He
was extremely critical of the A. F.
of L. and tho circumstances surrounding its coming into being. He
also dealt with the formation of the
I. W. W. in 1005, together with the
break which resulted in the split
Into the Detroit I. W. W. and the
Chicago I. W. W.
Dealing with tho former union,
now the W. I, I. \V., he pointed out
tho advantages of this form of organization, using a largo copy of
Trautman's wheal to Illustrate his
points. He also introduced the
term "civilized methods" in dealing
with the question of overthrowing
tho present system of society. This
statement was afterwards chal
longed by members of the aud
lence, Fellow Worker Bfsset tak
ing the floor during the discussion
emphasized the necessity of a Proletarian Dictatorship during the
transition from capitalism to communism. The speaker in reply
held tho position that a dictatorship won Id not be necessary in
America. Fellow Worker Kavanagh, who acted as chairman, an-
nounceed that as his position had
prevented him taking part in tho
discussion, he would deal with the
question noxt Sunday under the
heading of "PoUtlcal Society and
tho Need of Dictatorships."
New York.—The Jewish Social
Ist Federation, hi session here,
voted 41 to 34 in favor nf withdrawing from tho Socialist party.
The 34 delegates favoring the
Socialist Party withdrew from
the convention and organized a
now group under the leadership
of Judgo Jacob Parken und J.
Bask-In of the Workmen's Circle.
J. B. Sulutsky, educational director of tho Amalgamated Clothing Workers, Dr. M. J. Olgln nnd
Hyman Sohtield, of Chicago, spoke
for the majority action.
T. A. Barnard, of the Federated
Labor Party hns Intimated tbat lt
Is possible lhat he will be a candidate In the Nanalmo riding, In the
coming Dominion election.
San Francisco.—The Chinese
crew of the China Mall Company
hreeeoeees ngSlpwrrs grelgg 8 m
steamship "Nile" has voted to
strike because, under tho new U.
S. ruling, they are not allowed to
go on shore while In pnrt on their
seaman's certificates, and the
China Mail Company refused to go
their bond.
Moro Gorman Donors.
Helsingfors, August 1C—"Rosta
Wlen"—The arrival of several
German bacteriologists under the
leadership of Professor MuhJen,
of Hamburg, is expected very
shortly in Petrograd,
Litvlnov Gives Particulars of Famine Conditions in Russia
Says Misfortune WiU Not
Destroy Present Form
of Government
Itiga. August 16—"Rosta Wlen^
—Lltvinov gives the following
particulars over the famine situation in Russia. The area afflicted Is about six hundred thousand
square versts. Of this area 21,-
600,000 desslatin have a complete
bad harvest. The harvest expected .
from this district will not exceed -
147,611,000 pood. For the winter
and spring seeding the amount required la 56,565,000 pood. The
amount remaining for the needs
of the population is only ninety
million pood.
The population of the district la
fifteen millions and taking the requirements at the modest figure of
ten pood per head the total needed
is about 150,000,000 pood. Thus
it will be necessary to Import sixty
million pood Into this district.
The amount for' the autumn sowing, twelve million pood, must be
in tho district by the beginning of
September. Special attention is
being given to the aid for children. Homes for children are being set up in the districts where
a good harvest hus taken place..
The number of children in the
famine area is about eight million.
Concerning the negotiations
with Brown he atated that although the Soviet government had
accepted the conditions concerning the American citizens they
world have adopted quite another
attitude lf politicul conditions had
bcen presented which concerned
Russia alone. The Soviet government would not tolerate the least
red uction of their prerogatives
and any attempt of foreign governments or relief organizations
to uso the famine in the Volga
district to dlctr.te conditions to
the Soviet government would suffer a complete failuie in purely
humanitarian matters the Soviet
government is prepared to make
the greatest concessions and will
give the foreign relief organizations the right to control within
all reasonable bounds. The enemies of Soviet Russia are making
a great mistake when they believe that the misfortune that has
fallen upon Russia will lead to
any weakening of the present form
of government. Tho Soviet power
has already weathered many
storms and will get througgh the
present dijcult situation also.
Will Aid1 Sacco and Van-
zetti to Secure
(By The Federated Press.)
New York.—Signore Bonoim,
tlio new Italian primo minister, declared on the floor of the Chamber
of Deputies that his government
has Instructed its embassy In the
United States to lend all possible
aid to the defence of N tenia Sacco
and Burlolomeo Vanzettl, the two
labor organizers recently condemned ut Dedham, Mass., to die
In the electric chair. Information
to that effect has reached "II Pro-
gresso," an Italian dully In this
city, from Its correspondent in
The declaration of the premier
was called forth by a discussion
of the case In which many deputies of all parties spoke, with Vella
and Graziadei taking the lead in
a demand for a thorough Inquiry
Into the unexpected verdict. Special significance attaches to tho circumstances that these two working classs legislators in Italy are
united on the issuo of Sacco-
Vanzettl, because each represents
nnother faction in Parliament.
Vella is one of the Socialist party
groupe, while Graziadei is a Communist leader. From dispatches It
appears that the two groups have
sunk their differences for the moment in a common desire to save
tho lives of their compatriots in
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Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Irish Solf-Determ .nation Leaguo.
TUESDAY—Workers Council.
WEDNESDAY—Trndes nnd Lnbor Council.
FRIDAY—Women's Auxiliary.
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FRIDAY. September 16, 1M1
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Unity 'of labor: The Hop* of the World
..September 16, 1021
MENTAL by-paths to freedom "and
idealistic cul de sacs, which apparently, offer opportunities, have always
been diligently searched by the workers
in their struggle for an existence. That
they never fulfil
"LABOR CONTROL" expectations, goes
UNDER without saying, but
OAPITALISM still they are ad
vanced daily by
"friends of labor" and "kindly disposed" membors of the bourgeoise and
pseudo sociologists. The latest of these
nostrums, for the cure of the ills of modern
socioty which has come to our notice, is
contained in an article by A. A. Berle,
Jr., in the New Bepublic. This writer
suggests that many of the captains of
industry would be-pleased to give over
the management of industry to the workers, and he content to invest their money
in industries operated by them, with a
guaranteed dividend without the worry
of carrying on production. The scheme is
outlined in the following passage from thej
article in question, which is headed, "How
Labor Could Control":
"Suppose a trade union with sufficient affiliates controlling all the processes in a factory, or better still, a
guild union instead of a craft union.
The collective1 unit makes, let us say,
cotton, yarns. From top to bottom
there is no yarn process which it does
not control. At present the best it
can do with that control is to shut
down the yarn mill unless the employers grant higher wages or better
working conditions. Suppose, however, the union decided to make yam
on its own behalf; if it knows the processes, needs only management, which ■
it would havo to hire, and capital,
which it would also havo to hire in
the open market. Thereupon it hire*
managers and borrows money, buys
or rents a yarn factory, runs it on
approved business lines, sells at a
profit, sets aside part for depreeia-
; tion, for repayment of its borrowings,
for a wage reserve in bad years. No
single process in the industry would
have to be changed, but eaeh man
would he working for himself and his.
'wage slavery' would become meroly
an occupation in co-opcrativo endeavor."
Our friend also suggests, that by this
method of carrying on industry, the institutions of privato property would be
conserved, and wage slavery would be
abolished. Ho also suggests that the
older unions are willing to accept the
obligation of running industry, but many
are unwilling to do so.
* «. o>
"Whether the unions are unwilling to assume the obligation, or not, is beside tho
question. The only problem which the
workers have to face, in the suggestions
of the writer, is, are they feasible, and a
, student of modern society will arrive at
the conclusion that, not only are the suggestions impracticable, but show a most,
lamentable lack of understanding of the
structure of modern society. Today, industry is at a standstill, not because of
the perversity of a ruling and employing
class, but bocause of thc fact that there
is no markot for commodities. In other
words, thc available market is stocked to
repletion, and as a result production is
curtailed, or shut off altogether.
Did the workers assume control of a
number of factories and industrial enterprises, and it is unthinkable that they
would be able to tako over them all, the
ruling class not yet being ready to relinquish control of tho means of wealth
production, thc first thing that would be
necessary would be for them to find a
market for the commodities produced. If
the employing class cannot do this, it is
certain that the workers would meet with
no greater success in their quest. Therefore, production could not be carried on,
even with the workers in con.rol of tho
factories, to the extent that they would
operate them and pay over dividends to
thc parties having money invested in
them, any more extensively than it is today, and the workers would still have to
face unemployment and all its attendant
miseries while assuming thc worry of providing profits for the stockholders.
* * *
The schemo or chimera of the disordered imagination and confused ideas
of the writer is too fantastical to be given
serious consideration, but it is necessary
to point out to the reader of so-called liberal and progressive journals, that such
schemes are from time to time put forward as solutions of working-class problems, and to some extent accepted by the
workers, who, having failed to understand tho system under which thoy are exploited, are seeking a way out, but they
do not go to the root of tho trouble. Capitalism cannot be worked more efficiently
by tho workers than the present ruling
class can operate it. The system has
reached thc stage where it cannot, because
of its very complexity and cxtensiveness,
be carried on so that the peoplo can bo
fed, clothed and sheltered. Capitalism
can only he carried on if profits can be
mado by the operation of industry, and
without further opportunity for expansion it must collapse, consequently any
idea of thc workers operating the system
so thnt relief (fan be obtained by the pro
ducing clement of society, is not only nonsensical, but it is confusing and raislead-
|' ing, and makes thc resl solution of the
working class problem all the more diffi-
I cult. The problem which the workers
have to solve is how to produce so that
the needs of the people can be satisfied.
Capitalism has failed to do this, therefore there must be a change. That change
cannot be made by attempting to reform
a system that is past repair, but by the
workers themselves taking over the means
of wealth production and operating it, not
for profit, or providing guaranteed dividends to an idle parasite class, but for
use. There is no other way to freedom
but by abolishing the system whieh creates slavery. Mental bypaths and idealistic blind alleys lead only to further misery and greater chaos.
DURING tho time whioh has elapsed
since the present Dominion Government was elected, the workers have had
plenty of opportunities of realizing just
what tactics the ruling class will adopt,
when the interests of the
THB members of that class are
LESSONS OP assailed. No botter illus-
1919 tration   of   ruling   class
methods could, however,
bo found in Canadian history than the
actions of the government during and
after the Winnipeg genoral strike of 1919,
a strike which was caused by the arbitrary actions of the employers of that
city, who refused to deal with the workers through their organizations.
The government, at that time, placed all
the powers of state at the disposal of the
employers. In every city of any size,
homes of workers were raided and
searched, and the greatest conspiracy to
railroad a number of workers to gaol that
| the ruling class of any part of the British Empire has evor conceived, was
planned. With packed juries, and all the
devices of modern ruling class machinery
of protecting its interests, the government
finally accomplished its object, broke the
strike, and sent the victims it had selected
to gaol. Not only did the government
perform its function of governing a slave
class, but the petit bourgeoise throughout tho country rallied to the call which
thc ruling class sent out for the purpose
of raising all the backing it could obtain
in its nefarious objective. Citizens' committees were formed all'over the country, every onc of them with a definite
policy of antagonism to the working class.
In other words, the olass division in Canada was very definitely and clearly
drawn. Those who were with the workers lined up on their side, and those opposed to them lined up with the powers
of reaction, the highest expression of
whieh was the government.
The workers.' memories, however, are
short. Not long after tho victims of ruling class venom had been sent to gaol, a
provincial election was held in Manitoba.
It might well havo been expected, that
after the aid that the Provincial Government had rendered to the Dominion
authorities, thc workers of that city would
have lined up behind the men in gaol who
were selected to run in that election. It
might also have been expected that the
class issue raised would have brought the
workers together. Neither of these expectations was, however, realized. The
workers split, first with respect to the
choice of candidates. They then split
thcir votes when thc selections had bcen
made, and hs the election gavo thc workers the opportunity of voting a straight
ticket, there was no reason, except a
lack of understanding, which should have
caused this split. The workers in Winnipeg elected some of the victims, and not
thojn all, which demonstrated that they
must have voted, not on a class issue, but
on the basis that there was a choice of
two evi]s in voting for representatives of
one or the other sections of the employing class. Tlio vote showed that a large
number voted for some of the working
class representatives, and for either Liberals or Conservatives, at the same timo.
The administration which is now appealing to the people for a.renewal of
power, is much the same* aggregation
which crushed the workers, by the power
of the state, in the Winnipeg strike. Tho
issue is still alive. That struggle was a
manifestation of the elass struggle and
the forerunner of many other battles
which will be fought between the ruling
class and the workers beforc the present
system is ended, and for that roason the
issue in Winnipeg should not be allowed
to sink into insignificance in tho coining
elections. The present government raised
it. The workers, if they realize the significance of the events in those days in
1919, will take up the challenge, and by
so doing demonstrate that to that extent,
at least, they have realized that thc fight
must be carried on at every possible opportunity, and by fighting on the smaller
issues, prepare for the coming greater
struggle for freedom. A vote in the coming election cast by a workor for cither
of thc old political parties is a demonstration that the lesson of Winnipeg has not
yet been learnt, and that the man or
woman who casts it has yet a long road
to travel before he or sho can take an intelligent part in the working-class movement. The greater number of working-class votes cast will show the value
of the sufferings of tho Winnipeg workers in thc time of trouble and ruling class
oppression, to the working-class movement, and to what extent ruling class
methods have demonstrated to tho workers the class antagonisms and their cause
in human society. We hope for thc best,
but would suggest that every worker ponder on the actions of the present government during tho last four years and endeavor to understand their significance,
and if they will do that, tho result will bo
a greater impetus tto thc working class
movement than can be estimated at this
DR. MICHAEL CLARK, a windy politician who has appeared mor* or
less in political circle* for a number of
years, has very definite ideu on governments.    He is strenuously opposed to
what he terms, group
LIBERALS governments, and in a
AND OROUP       letter to the Hon., T.
GOVERNMENT    A.   Crerar,   one-time
member of the win-
the-war government, now leader of the
Farmers Party, voices his objections to
class-consciousness, be it found in the
ranks of the farmers or the industrial
■workers. Now, Dr. Clark is a Liberal; a
true one, we should imagine, by his statements. Truo Liberals, Dr. Clark claims,
always fought against group government,
but if memory serves us right, when the
Liberals were in power there was group
government. In other words, the Liberal
administration, under Laurier, was as
much a government by a class in society
as is the present one. Therefore, we can
only arrive at the conclusion that Dr.
Clark is opposed to what he terms group
government, because it is possible that the
group that he has represented in thc past,
is not likely, in his opinion, to he the
group that will bc in control of the government.
* * *
Consciously or through lack of perception, Dr. Clark infers that the Farmers'
movement is a class-conscious movement,
and for that reason he condemns it in the
following words:
"Class-consciousness is none tho less
class selfishness, and, therefore, doomed to die, because it suddenly appears
in Farmer and Labor parties.
"After all there seems to be only
one method of working out human affairs in the political sphere. The
apostles of progress must unite upon
common principles, sincerely held, to
resist reaction, wliich is ever present
• like a dead weight to drag down the
aspirations of thc raco for freedom,
justice and democracy."
That is ..a fino passage of words, lt
shows considerable ability in stringing
words into fine sounding passages. It
would make a fine peroration at the conclusion of a Literal politician's address to
the eleetors, but it means nothing. Tho
Farmers' movement is not a class movement. It is a group movement, it is true
just as would a retail merchants' political
pai'ty be, but a group movement wns
never a class movement, nether could
such a political pai'ty ever be designated
a party of a definite and separate class in
Class-consciousness comes of thc realisation that there arc definite and distinct
classes in society. The farmers, arc, however, not a separate or distinct class in
this or any other country. Being perhaps
the largest section of the population in
Canada, the agriculturists, which include
the exploiting farmer as well as the homesteader and "the renters of land, have conceived the idea that if they only had their
own representatives in the logislativo halls
their -troubles would bo lessened
That is all there is to the new group political party which the agriculturists have
formed in this country. The Farmers,
having not as yet realized that there arc
only two distinct classes in society, have
segregated themselves into a group to
better serve thcir group interests.
Liberalism, like Conservatism, or any
other ism except Socialism, is nothing
more or less than a bourgeoise concept of
a group of those people who uphold the
present system of society. It is a class-
conscious expression of a section of the
ruling class as to the way and manner in
whicb tho working class shall be governed
and the spoils gained by the exploitation
ol! a slave class whicli is composed of farmers as well as^industrial workers, shall
bo disposed of. That class, however, as
yet," has not realized that it is a separate
and distinct class in society, but its idca-
ology is largely similar to that of the
dominant class, whose power to rule is
upheld by those who are ruled. On every
occasion when tho class interests of the
bourgeoise are threatened, all isms are
dropped. The only issue is then a class
issue as witness thc fusion of the two
political parties during the war period,
and their joint activities whenever thc
workers become dangerous to their interests. The workers, however, even when
working-class interests are at stake, line
up with their masters, To that extent,
they have demonstrated that they have
not yet reached that stage of class-consciousness which thc heads and manipulators
of the Liberal Party havo so frequently
demonstrated they have attained.
The race for freedom and democracy is
not being assisted by either the Liberal
or Farmer political parties. There is a
dominant class in society which controls
the lives of the people, bc they farmers or
industrjal workers, by the class ownership
of the means of wealth production. Like
the industrial proletariat, the farmer is
struggling for light and economic freedom. No doubt his struggles in this direction will bo greater ihan that of the
industrial workors, because of the fact
that his exploitation is not quite as easily
to be seen. But until such time as the agricultural worker realizes that, the Btruggle for frcj.toin is a struggle between the
capitalist nlr.-is aud the working class, his
gropings for liberty will be as fruitful to:
him as tho blind faith which many workers have in the old political parties, which
represent only the interests of those who
havo realized thcir class position, and intend to hold on to thcir power as long as
possible, and as long as a slave class is
content to uphold it.
Expect Wholesale
Frame-Ups in Virginia
(Continued from pace 1)	
(By Evelyn Sharp) .
(Federated Presa Staff Correapon-
London—Labor newa la a weary
tale of unemployment, wage cuts,
lengthening hours for the unskilled
and "short time" for the skilled.
A story, unimportant ln Itself, but
significant, cornea from Birmingham. A firm calling itself the
'iHockley Cleansing Distemper Co,"
has issued a circular touting for
orders. And these are its concluding words:
"If favored with your esteemed
orders you will flnd that we can do
the work at least 25 to 33 per cent,
lower than our competitors. The
reason for this is:
"We employ no trade union humbugs.
"We charge no extra for Saturday or'Sunday work.
"We employ all ex-service men
who have not beon spoiled by high
wages during the war."
An ex-service men who applied
for a job as a painter wjth this Arm
was told that the rate paid was 1
.shilling 3 pence to 1 shilling 6
pence ner hour. The standard rate
for thaW-Strict is 2 shillings 2 pence
per hour.
The offensive against the build'
ing trades, in wliich tho governmont Is taking a hand, deserves notice. Por months there has been a
cry for dilution in the building
trade. The govornmont offered to
train thousands of ex-service .men
as bricklayers, plasterers, carpenters, etc. Tho building unions
pointed to the existing unemploy'
ment—and declined tho offer. This
has been represented as "tho selfish
policy of the trado unions in keeping ex-servlco men out of a job,'
and tlie government has tried to
lay the blame for tho failure of its
housing policy at tho door of the
A couplo of days ago the parliamentary eecretary to the ministry
of health, Sir Kingsley Wood, M.
P., issued a statement iu which he
roundly accused tlie building uniona
of being the cause of all the delay.
■■Unemployment in the build ins
trade is practically non-exiKtcnt.
V.'o could do wilh 1300 moro plnu-
lerers today. Wo are short of
l.iicklayers. It is a fact that there
is a labor shortage. The bulldln
trade has pursued a particularly
selfish policy and cold-shouldered
the efforts that have bcen mado"lo
find work for ex-service men."
Tho government's own figures
fur unemployment refute Sir Kings-
ley's statements. (They aro, of
tourse, bolo>V the actual figures, as
not all the unemployed men in any
trade arc to bo found on the booka
of the Labor Exchange):
Bricklayers, 3438; bile Mayers'
laborers, 767*1; pluatorer.<i, 440; carpenters and joiners. 12.3S1.
Tho Ship Joiners' strike Is settled  after  39  weeks.    A  compro
mise has been effected which might
have been arrived at six months
ago, but for the stubborn attitude
of the employers. The men have
won a partial victory; the proposed
wage cut (12 shillings) la graduated; 6 shillings comes off at once,
8 shillings in October, and the final
8 shillings "will be discussed in December."
Meanwhile other sections of shipyard workers are about to become
involved in wage negotiations. The
official "termination of the war" on
August 31, has been seized upon by
the Shipbuilding Employers Federation as a suitable moment for
demanding the cessation of the
12^j per cent, "war" bonus. As
far back as March 1 last, the employers secured a cut of G shillings.
They now desire a further cut,
which will bring tho men's wages
down to an average of 60 per cent,
above pre-war rates. The official
flgure for the cost of living is at
the moment 122 per cent, above
that for 1SI14, and it is contended
that this is too low. Already the
wages of riveters are only 93 per
Iqiajs deliberately incited the
"armed treason and insurrection
against the state."
Officials here point out that Gen.
H. H. Bandholtz flatly charged
the state constabulary of West
Virginia with responsibility for
the second nutrch on Mingo, but
that Governor Morgan says nothing about investigating the
causes leading to the' disturbance-
He assumes that the unions alone
are guilty and promises wholesale
prosecutions before evidence has
been collected or the causes of the
trouble sifted.
If Governor Morgan adheres to
his threat and practically all the
leaders of the recent revolt against
"government by gunmen" are Indicted, those who know the temper of West Virginia mountaineers declare there inevitably wilt
be another descent on Mingo,
Some of tho men already under arrest, havo been detained in jail for
weeks on charges of having labor
papors In their possession or for
criticising the action of the au-
cent. above pre-war rates; platers%horitles. Froe speech and peace-
°™BBm""'1"* "' a ""* ""■",""- ablo assemblage  no  longer exists
are 65 percent, above? and caulkers
CO per cant. It is therefore to be
anticipated that there will be very
strenuous resistance to further
In the printing trade the men
aro balloting on tho employers' revised offer. Originally a cut was
demanded of 15 shillings per week.
Subsequently that demand was reduced to 7 shillings 0 pence per
week. The ballot is not yet complete, but from the results in hand,
ft is certain that a very large majority will be recorded for the rejection of the offer.
Negotiations are also taking
place in the chemical trades over a
proposed cut of 2 pence per hour.
The men's representatives havo offered to accept V/_ pence per hour,
notwithstanding the fact that auch
a cut was rejected by an overwhelming majority not long since. The
employers, however, stand out for
2 pence, and a stoppage is threatened for Saturday, tho workers
having alr?ady handed in their notices. Tho dispute affects some
30,000 workers.
Four trade union congresses have
been held recontly—that of the mining industry, the builders, the
bakers and tho "Workers Union,"
a general union covering a hereflo-
geuous collection of trades. None
of Hie leaders have been able to
speak hopefully of the present situation. In genoral the men are advised to accept wage reductions and
wait for a moro propitious moment
to fight. But it Is notable that the
miners have decided to carry on
tlieir ■ demand for nationalisiatlon.
A revival of trado will undoubtedly
see a fresh struggle betwoen capital and labor, although the latter
Is beiiiff forced back at the present
in tho territory controlled by the
coal operators and state constabulary; peaco officers, state officials
and courts are dominated by and
sometimes In their employe,
Sonato Inquiry
The Senate committee investigating the West Virginia situation
intends to resume its hearings at
Mingo on September 19th and organized labor Intends to make renewed efforts to arouse tho national government to the seriousness
of tho situation. The minors have
lost all faith in tho fairness and
honesty of tho State government
and all that will prevent a renewal of violence, in the opinion
of the local labor leaders, is for
tho federal government to assert
its power and compel restoration
of constitutional guarantees In the
coal ilelds of West Virginia.
Local officials in West Virginia
havo high pmiso for'Gen. Harry
IT. Bandholt-:, commander of tho
federal troops. They say he refused to accept unsupported statements from mine operators and
politicians and made searching
and impartial investigations beforo lie acted. It was his attitude
that caused union officials In joining the request that troops be
Ring np Phone Seymour ASM
for appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
Suite SOI Dominion Bulldlnf
Fine Tailoring
Phone Fair. 4852
Danco Saturday
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night in tho Pender Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe sts.
Good music, a fine floor and every
accommodation. Admission, gents
50c, ladies 26c.
(^Patronize Fed. advertisers.
"Dr. Tolmio gives Unionists slogan:
British Empiro First. "—Headline Vancouver Sun, Sept. 14, 1921.
Thc Federationist suggests a slogan for
all who understand: "The working class
and it's interests—first, socond and all
the time."
(By H. M. Bartholomew)        «
IT Is sixty years since Huxley
wrote: "Mr. Darwin's position
might, wo think, have boon evon
stronger than it Is if he had not
embarrassed himself with thc
aphorism 'Natura non facit sal-
turn.' which turns up so often In
his pages. We believe . . . that
Nature doos not make jumps now
nnd then."
These are the cautious words of
a scientist who is not quite sure of
his ground. But sinco that timo
the onward march of science has
more than confirmed that cautious
The study of animal and plant
life has brought forward an Immense array of facts to provo that
"Nature does leap now and then."
In fact the data to this effect has
accumulated to such an extent that
wo are justified ln stating that sudden change is an essential part of
tlie evolutionary prooess.
Tho experiments of Mendel in
tlie German monastery, the wonderful discoveries oT Prof, do Vries
at Amsterdam with the Evening
Primrose and a whole host of other
scientific discoveries bears out the
correctness of this statoment.
"Nothing Is so constant as
change," Is the message given to
tlie world today. That from stars
to street-sweepings everything Is in
a process of evolution. And If we
desire to analyze with a view to
arriving at correct conclusions wo
must remember that everything
moves and changes. Wo must, in
othor words, abandon the methods
of reasoning whoreby things wero
regarded as static and independent; and regard things and their
representations, ideas, in their os-
sctitial connection, motion, origin
and ending. We must, abovo all,
study things In their relation to
other things. We must study poverty In relation to Its antithesis,
riches. And we must remember
that "the two poles of an antithesis,
positive and negative, are as inseparable as they aro opposed."—
If we analyze social forms In this
manner we shall find that ench social form carries within itself tho
germs of a new form. Feudalism
carried and developed within itself
the,germ of the new social order
—capitalism. And capitalism, like
all other social orders, develops,
within Itself, the seeds of its own
destruction. The constant accumulations of capital, the increasing
concentration of that capital, the
growing misery and discontent of
the peoplo, the ever-widening antagonism betweon social production
and private appropriation—these
forces in capitalist society are preparing the way for the dissolution
of that society and the establishment of the new.
Hagel would have called thii
"the negation of the negation." The
nogatlve force in capitalist production ls the militant proletariat. It
is tho class which produces the
wealth and receives all the pleasures of the "bread lino" as its
reward. This class will capture political powor, overthrow the capitalist mode of production and establish the Socialist Commonwealth, That is the negation of the
Or shall we use a simpler illustration? Boer Btutes In his "Life
and Teachings of Karl Marx":
"In order to understand this
more distinctly, and to visuallae it,
let us consider an ogg. It Is something positive, but it contains a
■arm. which, awakening   to   life,
'gradually consumes (negates) the
contents of tho age. This negation
Is, however, no mere destruction
and annihilation; on the contrary,
it results In the germ devolving into
a living thing. Tho negation being
complete, tho chick breaks through
the egg shell. This represents the
negation of the negation, whereby
there has arisen something organically higher than an egg."
The capture of political power by
tho working clnss and the consequent rise of that class to a portion of supremacy will be the negation of the negation. Capitalist
production will be overthrown, and
the first step token towards tho
establishment of a new and higher
social order.
This period of transition from
capitalism to tho now order is
known us the Social Revolution.
It is a period of ropb* change.
Although wo would be foolish to
try and apply the laws of sociology
to tlie realm of organic, yet 'we
can find a similnr process oven
here. "The mutation?" of Mandci
ond do Vrles have demonstrated,
beyond the shadow of doubt thai
"Nature does leap now and then"
and thnt long periods of slow evolution aro culminated by a short
and rapid period of transition from
the old order to the now.
Long ago Hagel saw this when
he oxclalmed: "It has been said
that there are no sudden leaps ln
nature, and it is a common notion
that things have their origin
through gradual Increase or decrease. But there ls also such a
thing as sudden transformation
from quantity into quality, For example, water does not become
gradually hard by cooling, becoming first pulpy and ultimately attaining the rigidity of Ice* but
turns hard at once. But If the temperature bo lowered to a certain
degree, the water la suddenly
changed into ice, i.e., the quantity
—the number of degroes of temperature—is transformed into
quality—a change In tho naturo of
things."    (Logic.)
These examples of sudden
change eould be multiplied to such
an extent to fill the whole of this
paper, but space forbids. Sufficient
has been said, however, to show
that revolutions constitute a neces-
-ary part of the evolutionary pro-
Japan Helps Mcrkulow.
Tokio, August 2—"Rosta Wien"
—Japanese papers report that the
military au'Choritles have 'handed
over two thousand rifles to the
Vladivostock govornment so that
they can better combat the insure
Food From Esthonia,
Helsingfors, August 16—"Rosta
Wion"—Tho first food shipment of
the Esthonlan Rod Cross has already left for Soviet Russia. It
consists of twenty wagons containing flour, potatoes, dried flsh,
sugar, butter and various preserved foods. It will bo escorted by
representatives of tho Esthonlan
Red Cross to Moscow.
The Little
Book Shop
We carry a full stock of
British and American periodicals.
Out-of-town orders for
sample copies or subscriptions promptly and carefully
attended to.
We procure any book publishod and will supply at
reasonablo price..
The Union Optical Co. will aupply
you with good reading glasae.
ft'om fl.50 up.
soa Holdon Bids., 16 Hustings W.
320 acres Montana land, $20
per acre.   Tonus.
Cash price, $6000, wtth one-
eighth oil rights.
Might   consider   trade   and
J5000 cash, one-eighth
•U rights.
Milwaukee,—Another victory for
tho union shop has beon scored
horo. Members of the Coppersmiths' Union, whohave been striking for the past two weeks, returned to work after a satisfactory
settlement had been reached in regard to a proposed cut ln wages
from $1 to SB conts per hour,
Furniture Store
We want you to come to
this store with confidence
that ybu can buy Furniture, Carpets and Linoleum at lower prices and
better terms.
No   Greater   Opportunity -
for   the   Working    Men
416 Main Street
Phono Sey. 1_9 7
TIONISI and gat yen 10
par cent, dlaconnt.	
Fresh Roasted Coffee Dally
Tons and Coffee, 3 tbe. tor $1.01
and up.
Quiet and Reliable
A WoiHring Man's House
AIL.  modern   rooms.     Rates
O. J. Mengel
Writes all classes of Insurance. Representing only first-
class Board companies. It Insurance is wanted, write or
phone Sey. 5-20.
Office address, 719 Board ot
Trade Bldg., Vancourer, B.&
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
|| Replete, ln every detail
41 Hastings Stroet West
USO (HerfU Strati
Sunday Bar .leaa, 11 a.m. sod 7.80 p.i
Bandar    achool    immediately    follow,
morning Borvlce.    Wedni. -BJ teatlmoniak
meeting,    8   p.m.   Free   raadim   reeaB,
901-908   BlrkB   Bids.
Vou may wish to help The Federationist. You can do so hy renewing your subscription promptly and
sending In tlie subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
Union Officials, Trite for prlcea.    Wa
In that dark hour when sympathy and best service count ao
much—call up
Phone Fairmont 08
Prompt Ambulance Serrloe
"A Good Placo to Eat"
pave yon tried the long distance
telephone Bervice between tha mainland and Vancouver Island lately!
Die additional submarine cable givei
ample facilities, and the average call
is completed In four minutes. That's
pretty good going, when It Is reraem*
bored that Cuntp.1 hunts up tha partr
wanted and gets him on tha line. Try
It and see.
Between 7 p.m. and 9 *,.__ you get
three time* the day period at tbe
same priee,
int Nog-alcoholic wine, of all
UNION   MEN'S   ATTENTION iFRIDAT— September 16, 1921
TaiKTKJxni rain,   no.'38
, _ r
• jl'    V_VNCOt*VSB, B. C.
ttv-uS -YfliMfe.
Don't Be Afraid
—I use the most modern methods known for the
elimination ot pain—I use these in every form
of dental work.
The Elimination of Pain I consider Vme of the
most important fields of dental science. I have
studied and worked on the subject until I have
thoroughly mastered it.
Don't be afraid. The strictly scientific methods
I employ more than satisfy my patients.
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
Hy Priees Are
Phone me and I will tell
you my charges for work
auch as you need.
Phono Soy, 3331
Corner Soymonr
Ofllce Open Tuesday and Friday
DB.  BBETT  ANDERSON,  formerly member ol the Faculty of tht
College of Dentistry, University of Southern California,  Lecturer
on Orown and Bridgework, Demonstrator in Platework and Operative Dentistry, Loeal and General Anaesthesia,
Victory Bonds Accepted at Par for Dental Work
|Trotsky  Saya Count or-Rcvolutlon-
Jsts An Spreading False
News of Famine
(By The Federated Press.)
Mobcow.—Leon Trotsky, In a re-
?ort to thee Moscow Soviet on Rus-
-lan foreign relations, points out
:hat the famine In Russia coincides
with the economic crisis abroad,
sspeclally In America and England.
The bourgeoisie, said Trotsky, cannot do without Russia. Lord George
>/as right ln calling famine relief
not philanthropy bua sound oco-
pomlc policy. •
Trotsky also reported that Rus-
Ilan counter-revolutionaries, cn-
ouraged by the equivocal attitudo
t the French Government, were
preadlng false news of alleeged
.usslan attacks on the Baltic states,
hoping thereby to stir up aggitatlon
for Intervention, Ih conclusion,
Trotsky said: "Russia Is capable of
guarding her frontiers against foreign imperialism and at the same
time giving aid'to famine districts."
The Moscow 'Pravada' points out
that the appointment of the former
French ambassador to Russia,
Noulens, an avowed enemy of the
proletarian revolution, as president
of the International Famine Relief
Committee, shows the nature of
the "aid" that may be expected
from France,
Important soda lakes have been
discovered in the Slovgorodsk district, with deposits estimated to
exceed 327,868 tons, also caustic
soda deposits. These deposits are
believed to be the largest in the
The rumored revival in the lumber business has begun to ..how
signs of materializing, a glance at
the boards on the slave market
would lead. one, to believe that
there is something in the, story
after all. Williams' Camp, at
Deep Harbor, and Murphy & Mc-'
Donald's Camp, at Campbell River,
have shut down since the first of
September, but the fact of these
camps shutting down has been
more than overshadowed by the
increase of activity in other
camps. One bright feature manifesting itself la the fact that men
who have been consistently blacklisted have found It comparltively
easy to secure the loan of a Job.
If there is any increase In the number of jobs offering Jt will undoubtedly have a beneficial effect
the morale of the lumber-
worker, and If there Is general
awakening on the part of the
camp worker it will not come any
too soon, for the boss la certainly
taking advantage of the prevailing apathy to reduce the atandard
of living of the lumber-worker,
A time cheque of one worker was
received in the office last week and
all this worker received for a
month's work, after his- board and
a few supplies ware stopped, waa
Tho following letter gives a
good Idea of how things are running in some of the bum campa,
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federationist, and then call
around next day for a subscription,
"Left Wing"
An Infantile Disorder
(By .Nikolai Lenin)
Price: Single Copies 25c
Ten or more copies at the rate of 20c per copy, postage
paid.  Oet your orders in quick, as there will not
be a second edition.
Por Twenty Tears ws hava issued this Unton Stamp for uso under our
Peaceful Collective Bargaining
Forbid* Both Strlkee and Loekoati
Disputes Settled by Arbitration
Steady Employment and Skilled Workmanship
Prompt Deliveries to Dealers and Publlo
Peace and Success to Workers and Employers
Prosperity of Shot Muking Communities
As loyal union maa and women, wa ask
you to demand shoes bearing tbo abort
Union Stamp on Sole, Insole ox Lining,
Oallla Loral;, Oram Freaida-t   OJartaa I. Balaa, danaral 8ec.-T.aaa.
Fresh Ont Flown*, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Flanti
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
I Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Bastings Street Eaat 728 OranvUle Street
Sermour _88_7_ Seymonr 9B1S
The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
HaU ordtri personally attended te
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and  Are Thoroughly Watertight
| MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall     ,
Phone Seymonr 6S0 Repairs Done While Tou Wall
and   the   source   will   not  be  disclosed for obvious reaina.
Sun-('Where  ill Ii. C.
I am sorry to say thut I couldn't
get anyone to act as delegate in
this camp. Myself I am ltussiau
by birth, ao I hope you understand my circumstances. I have
been talking to few uf them about
it, but had the same answer:
"No! what is the use?" You can't
do anything with this bunch of
men. Some bf them even brave
enough to^say the Union never
done nothing to them ami they
wouldn't join only lf they have to
like last year.
There is about 45 men in this
camp and only a few good union
men, what I call "Radicals."
The bunkhouses arc as bad as
the capitalist usually make them,
but hardly ever hear any kick.
They are only too glad to keep
their job under auch conditions as
they are in this camp. Only a few
of them reallie that organization
would compel their masters to provide for them what they deserve.
Organization la just as necessary
as bread and buttor. In this
camp it ls really hard to gain any
success, but I am going to try the
luck again and If I happen to get
the luck to get anybody to take
the responsibility of a delegate
then I will notify you right away.
Tours for Workers Rule,
Cascade Beer is made in Vancouver by Vancouver men. Last year $200,000 was paid in
Vancouver for making Cascade Beer.
The plant in which Cascade is brewed is the
most modern in Canada. No expense has been
spared to turn out a pure, wholesome, full
strength beer. There are no flat bottles in Cascade Beer.
Seattle Central Labor Body Wants
to Get At the Stool-
pigeons .
(By The Federated Press)
Setttle.—The Seattle Central
Labor Council is considering a proposed amendment to Its constitution providing for the exclusion
of all but dolegates from Its business sesssions following revelations
that the Associated Industries is
securing verbatum reports of council meetings. In a recent conference with the unfair Bon Marche,
Seattle's largest departmental store,
representatives of organized labor
were confronted with verbatim reports of speeches made on the council floor 24 hours after the speeches
had been delivered.
Bitter opposition ,1b expected to
the executive session amendment,
however, as many delegates claim
that secrecy In the meetings of the
■most important labor body in the
Paclfio Northwest will prove a detriment to organized labor. They
claim also that the Associated Industries, .through stool pigeon delegates, will be furnished verbatim
reports even if executive sessions
are held
Free Delivery
Phone yonr ordera, large and small, va
tut  glra  na  aerrl-a ud  Quality.
Four Big Stores
123  Hastings St
Phont Sey, 3282
830 Granville St,
Phone Sey. 866
3200 Main St,
Phono Fair. 1683
1191 Granville St.
Phont Sey, 8149
Provision Dept.
From 7 a.m. lo 11 a.m. «% will aell
our famoua Alberta Creamery Uutter,
» lhe. lot  $lil8
Thla la No. 1 Table Butter.
Dairy Butter, good quality, B lba.
-or     H.Oo
-streaky Bacon,  In
pieces, 2 lbs.
up;   reg.   38c
Slater aella the beat Lard. Don't
apoll your baking by u.lng cheap, Interior Lard.    Special,  lb 200
From . a.m. to 11 a.m. Saturday.
Plcnlo Hama, extra   apeclal,   per
lb 24 l-2c
Slater'a Special :!itra Fine Cream.
ory Butter,' 8 lba. for  $1.30
Fresh Meat Dept.
Quality  Pot  Ronits   from   10c
Quality Oven UnaBtB from  10c
The Flnoat Rolled Roaata  20o
Extra  Spocial—The   flneet  Rolled |
Bacon.    Special, 8 lba. lor..86c
PORE1      PORK!      FORK I
Government    Inspected   Pork    ahnui-
dors  on salt  Friday   and   Saturday,
weighing  from  4  to  8   lbs.,   speeial
tor  _ _, 21 i_2c
Middle Cuts Pork, lb 28 l-2c
Genuine   Fresh   Killed   Lamb,    not
Stow Lamb, lb   IBe
Shoulder  Lamb,  lb,  _.._.  22 l-2c
Loin  Lamb,  lb _ 29 l-2c
Log Lamb, lb _ 35 i_2c
Quality  T-Bone   Roasts,   lb.   ..30c
Quality   Sirloin   Roasts,   lb 28c
Round Steak Roasts, lb 2Bc
Rump  Roasts  from,  lb 22c
Grocery Dept.
Toilet Paper, 5 rolls for  2Gc
Dol    Monlo    Pork    and    Beans,
8  for   , _ 26c
Nabob Vinegar,   bottle  2fic
Kitchen or Table Salt, 8 for    26c
Nabob  Tea,  lb     56c
Slater's   Ton,   lb       __z
Tho  best Highland  Spuds,  only,  per
sack  ...„.__   f 1.30
Foster Explodes
Capitalistic Ideas
(Continued from page 1)
Consequently production of necessary commodities Is far below the
actual needs of the people. The
chief difficulty In the way of getting the Industries started again
centers around the food shortage,
which ts intense. Many factors
have combined to create this food
shortage, among them being tho
terrible drought last year, the
Plagues that decimated the cattle
and work animals, the scarcity of
labor due to the heavy war losses,
etc. But the principal factor is
the stubbornly materialistic and
short-sighted attltu.de of the peasants. These, with their petty bourgeois instincts, are almost entirely
lacking in revolutionary vision.
Their tendency Is to produce merely enough foodstuffs for their own
use. They will not furnish sufficient to feed the city workers also,
since the latter, with their industries paralyzed, cannot give them
back in exchange the shoes,
clothes, machinery, etc., which they
need. The peasants do not want
the debased currency, because, as
the neede,d commodities are not ln
existence, naturally they cannot be
bought even with bales of paper
Thus, through the attitude of the
peasantry, the cities are deprived
of a sufficiency of food. This
throws the whole economic situation Into a vicious circle, which
amounts to this: The workers cannot produce enough commodities
because they lack sufficient food,
and they cannot get the necessary
food because they have not the
commodities on hand wherewith to
buy it from the peasants. In effect
the workers are saying to the peasants, "Give us enough food' to
maintain our vitality and we will
furnish you all the manufactured
articles you need," and the peasants are replying, "Give us the
commodities we require and then
we will feed you abundantly," So
the toilets do not work because
they cannot get food, and they cannot get food because they do not
work, The result of this deadlock
is industrial stagnation all round.
Tho Supremo Task.
Upon breaking this vicious circle
nnd raising the scale of production
depends the fate of tlie revolution.
It Is the supreme task of present-
day Russia. Tho circle might gradually bo dissolved by the city workers literally taking it out of their
own hides and raising production
In spite of their undernourished
condition—this Is. actually taking
place. But that would mean a
long, desperate struggle which
might or might not lead to victory.
The militant workers are seoklng
a shorter course; they are going to
back their way out of lt. For this
purpose they Intend to make usa.of,
for the time being at least, some
weapons of capitalism. That is the
true meaning of the three propositions cited above.
First let us see what these temporary measures are oxpected* to
accomplish, and then lf they con
tain the dangers to tho revolution
so loudly proclaimed by capitalistic
retainers. The threo projects attack
the economic deadlock primary
from the industijial side. They aro
all calculated to Increase the fund
of commodities on hand to trade
off with the peasants, after satisfying the pressing city needs, of
course. Jn the international trado
Russia will furnish raw materials
and get in return manufactured
products, especially machinery,
which will multiply the power of
her industrial workers and Increase
their output. By thc industrial concessions of foreign capitalists the
general sum of products In the
country will he increased. And by
the free* trade arrangement the
productive capacities of the individual workers will be stimulated.
The latter will be encouraged to
produce more commodities, which,
through their co-operatives, they
will be enabled to exchange directly
with the peasants for food.
Along with this general Industrial program, and complementing
It, goes a fundanmental change of
the government's policy toward the
peasants. Heretofore the government, pressed by tho dire necessity
of the war crisis, has been compelled to take all tho foodstuffs
from the peasants except barley
enough for them to live on. Consequently, as the government had
no real values to givo in exchango
for their products, tho hard-headed
peasants reasoned that 'there was
no use for them to produce more
than they needed as it was ull
laken from them anyway. They
took to restricting their output and
made a bad situation still worse.
Taking all above tho peasants'
needs was the- food levy system.
It has now been superseded by a
food tax. . According to the latter
method the peasants are required
to give the government only a certain specified proportion of what
thoy produce, without regard to
their on»n actual needs. Thus they
have' a direct incentive to raise
more .foodstuffs. The more they
worlt the more they have. Even
their dull minds can comprehend
this. Already the results of tho
food taS are being made evident by
a greatly inireased area of cultivation and In a new spirit among the
With the new industrial and
agricultural programs In force—the
international trading, capitalist
concessions, and free trade stimulating production of manufactured
articles on one hand, and the substitution of the food tax for the
food levy stimulating the production of foodstuffs on the other—it
is confidently hoped to so increase
production that within a reasonable time the general effect will be
to break the present vicious circle
of industrial stagnation, to solve
the vital economic problem, and to
definitely establish tbe conquests of
the revolution.
That there are dangers connected
with those projects the Russian
Communists are the first to admit,
Thgey know full well that they are
capitalistic tn essence and that they
tend to create and to increaso the
petty bourgeois elements which are
so fatal to revolutionary progress.
But tha Communists feel that the
good which wlU come from them
Will outweigh the evil, and that
the new order of society is well enough entrenched to successfully defend itself against a renaissance of
capitalism ln Russia, Let ub glance
briefly at these dangers:
The Dangers.
The international trading Is not
a serious menace. It will be closely
controlled by tht government, and
cannot furnish much vantage
ground for a new capitalism to get
a footing upon. Practically the
same may be said about the
Russian concession! to foreign capitalists. Although these outside exploiters wilt Insist upon and no
doubt get ample guarantees of protection, their projects will nevertheless remain hedged about with
restrictions tending to isolate them
and to limit their influence. The
general feeling of Russian Communists towards the concessions
was well-stated recently by Kamen-
eff. He declared that the economic
emancipation of Russia will come
from the electrification of her industries. Russia lacks the technical equipment to bring this about
at present. Capitalism has this
equipment and it will cost Russia
some twelve billion dollars to se
cure It In other words, for its
freedom Russia must pay world
capitalism a tribute of- twelve
billion dollars. The concessions
offer a practical way to do this.
Kameneff says of them, "Capital
In" Russia will dig its own grave,
with every extra shovelful of coal,
with every bucketful of petroleum
that we obtain by its help." Not
much danger for the revolution is
seen in that quarter.
Free Trade.
A more serious matter, however,
Is the establishment of free trade,
which gives private Individuals the
right .again to manufacture and
deal ih lift necessities. This amounts to * Injecting capitalistic
poison straight into the healthy
body of proletarian Russia. The
revolutionary tacticians are sure,
though, that the latter ls stroife
enough to withstand it, All precautions will be taken to prevent
contagion. So far as possible the
surplus products of the workers;
destined for free trade with the
peasants, will be handled through
the co-operatives; private employers and traders will be strictly regulated and controlled in a score
of ways. The sources of supply of
raw materials; the great basic Industries; the transportation system; the political power of the
state; the Red army—all these will
remain absolutely In the hands of
the workers. How a dangerous
capitalist class can grow up In
Russia under such unfavorable circumstances passes my comprehension. It cannot be done. All that
will happen will be the development of a temporary auxiliary production whieh will help to relieve
the economic crisis. The Communist leaders of Russia know what
they are about.
There are critics of Soviet
Russia, however, who will flatly
disagree with this conclusion. They
maintain that even .under the rigid
Industrial control existing until recently a large body of rich speculators, thc widely advertised so-called
new Russian bourgeoisie, havo been
able to develop (principally by
dealing in stolen goods), and that
now the lid has been lifted this
sprouting capitalist class will
flourish like weeds and soon choke
out the remaining delicate tendrils
of Communism.
Since arriving hero*I have made
a spocial effort to locate this famous new bourgeoisie, which Spargo and other counter -revolutionary propagandists seem to know so
much about. But so fur it has
been too elusive for mo. In fact, I
am prepared to say that it doos not
exist. That many dishonest individuals have been able to take advantage of the situation here and
have (.peculated in the needs of the
people of their own profits, Is undeniable. How could It ho otherwise In such a catastrophic social,
political and Industrial upheaval?
That their activities have led to the
creation of a wealthy, or even well-
to-do class, howover, Is not true.
This is decisively provod, not only
by the evident absence of such a
class, but also by the very reasons
that in present day Russia (1)
thero Is at hand no privately owned
industrial and commorcial mechanism sufficiently extensive to sustain such a class, and (2) there is
-no available mgans to accumulate
and store substantial amounts of
private woalth.
Industries Nationalized.
Regarding the flrst point point:
At least 90 por cent of the Industries are nationalized and In thc
hands of the government. Of thc
other 10 per cent the greater part
consists of workers' co-operatives.
So it Is evident that the alleged
buruueracy doos not get Its supposed wealth from Its ownership
of industry. Nor does it got It from
trading on the markets—either
with stolen goods or otherwise. The
selling of comim-dilics in Russian
oities Is at a minimum. Fully nlne-
toiithfl of the stores, except those
occupied us government supply stations,   ure   locked   up   light.    Thc
Exclusion No
Solution to Problem
(Continued from pagej.)
petition with the land-owners it Is j
another matter entirely. 1
No English Need Apply
He recalled the times when the
notice, "No English Need Apply,"
was very prominently displayed in
this country, and stated that the
Oriental was employed In preference to English, or Scotch workers, because there was more profits
in them, and that while commodities were produced for profits, the
cheapest labor power would be secured and that those who understand the capitalistic system will
realize that the Asiatics are not
tht» cause of the workers' troubles
but the system under which they
live. Concluding he stated that If
the worker did not or could not
consider the color of his boss,
neither should he trouble about the
color of the man he worked with,
and that it was the duty of the
workera to find the real cauae of
the trouble, which was capitalism,
Mr. Yasourl, a representative of
the Japanese workers in thc city,
was the next speaker. He opened
his address by thanking the Council of Workers for the opportunity
afforded him to speak on behalf of
his countrymen, and advocated an
understanding between all workers,
and said that through the Council
of Workers, the Japanese had been
afforded the opportunity of placing
their views before some of the
white workers. Continuing, he
stated It was regrettable that, the
Japanese were thought somewhat
undesirable because of their manner of living, and not realizing what
effect it had on the position of the
white workera ln Canada by accepting lower wages, but that they
desired to Improve those conditions
by joining with all other workers,
and it was only due to a lack of
understanding, that greater efforts
to organize his countrymen, had
not been made, but that they were
now becoming well organised, and
In a time of crisis lt would be
found that the Japanese would be
prepared to stand shoulder to
shoulder with the white workers.
That the speaker hit a responsive
chord in the audience, was demonstrated by'the applause which followed his concluding remark, which
was: "We are trying to improve
our conditions, and not to hurt anybody."
A representative of the Chinese
Workers Union was the next speaker, and he pointed out that aome
time ago the Chinese started to organizo, but that Intimidation had
been used, and the work had not
occasional one that ls open, usually
a mtllinary or food store, has the
most meagre supply of stock. The
city markets are more lively, but
they, too, are very petty In scope.
The "merchants" conducting them
are lucky to eke out a living, not'
to mention making a fortune. In
the markets and stores the process that seems to be going on ls
that the peasants from close about
town are bringing in their foodstuffs and taking home in exchange
for them trinkets itnd luxury articles of the city people, together
with the stocks of gooda hidden by
the former store keepers during the
early revolution and which are now
being put on sale. To speak of a
wealthy class, or a now bourgeoisie,
developing under such conditions
of industry and trade, is ridiculous.
Now regarding our second point:
Let us suppose, however, that our
new bourgeois, in some mysterious
manner not connected with industry or commerce, had succeeded in
extracting riches from thin air. In
what form woald his wealth express itself? It cottyd not bo in
stocks and bonds, because there
are none. It could not be in farming land, because the peasants
would not allow him to buy it. It
could not be ln land, buildings, or
Industries in the cities, because
these are all nationalized. It
would ba futile for him to try to
keep it in the form of money, because this ls constantly decreasing
In value, and the mero passage of
time would soon reduce his wealth
to practically nothing, as tho following table of prices indicates:
Moscow Pricos
(In Rubles)
Maroh Aug.      Feb.   Juno
Article--      1919    1919    1920    1921
1 lb. broad   20      80       230      8,000
1 lb. buttar 120    480    2,400    19,000
1 lb. potatoes.... 8  25   70   900
1 lb. sugar   90 320 1,200 18,000
1 lb. beef  85 120  650 10,000
1 egg      7      30        140      1,100
1 herring   30      50       700     5,000
(In Moscow an American dollar now
exchanges for about 25,000 rubles.)
What is the use of "saving" undor such circumstances? Of course
our borgeois might buy up titles to
houses, industries, estates, etc.,
from thoir dispossessed owners, as
somo are doing, In the hope that
tho Communist regime will eventually be overthrown. Or he might
be fortunate enough to invest his
spoculative gains in gold and diamonds. But the supply of these Is
limited, and tor a class to hold its
wealth In such valuables—which is
about the only wny of expressing
considerable amounts of private
property In Russia at presont—Is
manifestly out of the question.
The talk about the new Russian
capitalist class ls nonsense. It does
not exist now, nor is it likely to be
created to any appreciable extent
by the Introduction of free trade
and other bourgeois measures by
the Soviet government. We may
depend upon It that thc revolutionists hero will bo careful to attend
to this phase. Thnt Is their specialty. This does not mean, however,
that thero Is no danger to Communism In the situation. On the
contrary, the Communists frankly
acknowledge the danger of encouraging borgeois ideas, no mutter
how slightly. But they believe they
can neutralize lt, and use their
new capitalistic weapons to win
their way shortly to tho Increased
production so vital to the people's
welfare. In this, I am Inclined to
agree with them, I am convinced
that the mon who have performed
the miracle of smashing the dom
estic and foroign enemies of the
Russian working class will also be
able to eventually solve Us supreme
economic problems, and thus pave
tbe road to final victory for tbe
Dahco Saturday
Won't forget the dance on .Saturday night In tho Pendor Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe sts.
flood music, a fine floor and overy
accommodation, admission, gouts
50C,  ladles  25c,
progressed as well as lt might havs
beta wished for, but that they wen
trying their boat to raise their status, and not hurt the white workers.
Asiatic QaaaUon Not, New
W. A. Prltchard, the last apeaker
ll* a masterly adflsesa, dealt with
the Asiatic question, from a world,
instead of a local viewpoint. In
opening, he drew the attention of
his audience to the fact that ln
periods of Industrial depression,
Whloh recur periodically under the
present system of commodity production, some red herring must be
found to keep the workers' minds
from the real question, and that
the Asiatic question was no newborn rose, and that in 1908, the
same question bad been raised, and
the situation became so aoute that
lt ended in riots.
He referred to the fact, that ln
the dragging ot red herrings over
the trail in times of stress, the
piaster class were aided by so-called Labor leaders, but that ln
places such aa Shoredltch, in the
Old Land, and Sydney in Australia,
where" thero were no Asiatics, this
cry would not put tl* worktn off
the scent as to wby they were unemployed.
He quoted a letter that hs had
received from a comrade in Sydney,
.wbo had stated that be considered
tbe position of the workers ln that
part of the world worse than those
ln British Columbia, which baa an
Asiatic population, as proof of bis
Journalistic MooJSiilna
Dealing with the campaign of a
loeal newspaper, he likened it to
Journalistic moonshine, and stated
that if the merchants and manufacturers who had been quoted by Mr,
Cowper were as accurately reported
as was a local Labor man, who had
been interviewed by this journalist,
then the reports must— be accepted as almost valueless, and that
the whole of the articles which had
appeared, carried within them
their own reputations.
Continuing, he stated that lt was
not a problem of Asiatic exclusion
that faced the workers, but one of
a system of commodity production
for proflt, and not uae, and that
tbls problem must be flrst solved
before unemployment can be cured.
Exclusion, he stated, cannot be
brought about by the province, or
by the Dominion government, as
it Is a question of Imperial politics,
and for good and sufficient reasons,
Great Britain la an ally of Japan,
the reason being that there appeared every possibility of a flght over
oil in the near future.
The lumber barons elalm that
the Japs can, fall more .lumber than
can the white men, and if that is so
they will continue to be employed,
and the big fellow talks
straight over tho tabic and says,
"we must have low producing costs
which mean lower wagea," With
this the merchant falls in line, and
says yes, we must have lower
wages, and when the workert. are
faced with this condition, they
must accept lower pay, and of necessity cut the white grocer or merchant, and go to the Chinaman,
and that same storekeeper la the
flret to kick, but he ls only getting
a dose of his own reasoning.
Capitalism Must Spread
Referring to the international
nature of capitalism, the speaker
pointed out that the present system cannot be confined to one eountry, but must spread and stamp the
indelible print of the machine age
on every country it enters, and that
the white men living In the front
of the race, had broken down the
physical and traditional walls of
China, and by selling that country
goods, had broken down the traditions of the country with the oldest
civilization on the face of the globe.
The machine haa forced its passage
across the seas to China, and has
let out forces forjts- reorganization,
Wherever capitallam finds a market, competition and a rival, are
created, and United States capital
has ao developed the possibility of
the production of steel In China,
that lt can now be produced cheaper there than it can in Pittsburg.
World capitalism produces commodities for a world market, The
speaker atated and drove home his
point, by showing that lumber produced in British Columbia was not
consumed- In the local market, and
that whoever could produce the
cheapest would control that market. Ho quoted a statement credited to Harold Begbie, who had
stated that a Scotch steel manufacturer had said: "What's the uso of
trying? I am beaten even In the
Scottish market, by the Belgian
manufacturer." he also pointed out
that if the development of the capitalist method of production proceeded as it is doing, then the
workera would be faced with com-
petition Jn China and Japan, and
instead of seeking Aslntfc exclusion
they would be looking for a shipping company to tnke them to
China to look for a job.
After pointing out that during
the war, when tho Japs and the
Chinese had gone over tho top with
the whito men, there had been no
cry for tho exclusion of Asiatics,
and that now they want to Bend
thom overseas, ho concluded by
stating that the basis of modern
society was tho cause of unemployment, and the solving of the
question of the abolkion of capitalism alono waa worthy of the attention of tho workers, and appealed
for an understanding on the part of
the workers of tho present system
so that freedom may exist on tho
Many questions wero askod and
answered by tho speaker, and one
or two speakers from lho body of
tho hall engaged In tho discussion,
but there was no opposition whon
tho resolution referred lo was presented to the meeting, A collection
of $80.19 for the aid of famine
stricken Russia was taken up during tho evening.
Va mate IMtw
Bight Hen ia VaneonV-f
—th* equal in atria aad
am at any fitted ta Can**.
fer year CM_e__l!
Wa affar tbaaa fai____t_ le war ttm
elaavber. awaoaa we teal QlstlkZ
elia-aata ell the nlllllfi »raM_.
Cloak * Snit Oo.
«.a auroras pit.. «au
Pacific Furniture Co.
Klndllaf Free
'•».*9rUNVILLE Bey, StM
Cigar Store
One dollar and fifty centa Is the
cost tor a six months subscription
to the FederationiBt.
neon.  Local  840—International  Union
of Steam snd Operatingl-nglneera 1
Vancouver Unions
OOUNOIL-Preiident,  R.  w.  H.tiev
secretary, J. O.  Smith.    Moots  3rd Wed!
nesday each  month  in  tlio Ponder Hnll
Phono &. fljl"    fl"d    H°W*    ,trocU:
eil—Moeti    aecond    Monday    In    lhi
month.    Pnaldent, J.  V.  MeCannoll: sue-
"—7, R. H. NoBlandl, 1\ O. Hux Ofl
nood  bricklayers or masons  for holler
works,   etc..   or   inarhlo   setters,   phone
Brieklayera'  Union.  Lahnr Templo
SERVICE    mra    meets    aecond    and
fourth Wednesdays of each montb, at 01
Cordova flt W., at 8 p.m.   J*a. Farnham,
Secretnry-Tre** u ror,
O. B. V.—President, E. Andre; score-
Guaranteed Coal
If our coal ia not satisfactory to you, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
coal is left and charge yoa
nothing for what you have
Tou to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phone* Seymou 1141 and Ml
tary,   W.   Barries.    Hosts  2nd   and  41111
Wedneaday in each month In Fsndor Hall,
cor. of Ponder and Hows streeta. Phona
Bty.  281.
overjr and'indYth ?2S» «Tp.m.7»l(
pYnlv^Itnat Wm?. 4 Xfc "Riley," MM
Mahon Avenne, North Vancouver; seeretary, P. Bradley, J7S2 McSpeddin Strait,
Vancouver, B. O.
Aiioclatlon, Loesl 88-62—Offlco tod
hall, 153 Oordova St. W. Meets flnt
and third Fridsya, I p.m. Secretin-
treaaurer, T. Nixon; bmlnen agent, P.
era' Union—lleeta 3id and 4th Mondays. Preaident, J. X. Dawion, 1046 Tew
St., KlUtlano; secretary, E. T. Keif,
1850 Haitingi St. E.; recording iecretary,
L. Holdsworth, 639—14th St. W., North
trial union of all workers In log
fc'iiifc' and construction camps. Coast Dlatrlct and Oeneral Hoadouartera, 01 Oat
dova St W., Vaneouvar, B. 0. Pbone Say
7860. J. M. Clarke, general eecretary
treaiurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird.
Macdonald A Co., Vancouver, B. C; aid)
tora, Messrs. Battar k Chlena, Vaneow
ver, B. O.
Union of British Columbia- Meeting
nlchi, flrat and third Wednesday of wel
montb at 108 Main Strset. President
Dun Carlin; vice-president, J, Whiting;
fieercary-treasurer. W. Donaldson. Ad
dress, 108 Main Street, Vaneonver, B. O
Victoria Branch Agent's address, W
Francll, 667 Johnson St., Victoria, B.O
—Afflliated with Trades and Ubor Conn
cil and Theatrical Fedoration, Vaneouvar
President, J. R. Footer; secretary Ml
nvii-ur.T, Lockiloy Clark, P. O. Box 845
Office and meeting room, 310 Londot
Building, Pender St. W. Regular meet
ini! night, fint Sunday in each month a
7:30   p.m.     Buaineas   Agent,   W.   Wool
ridge.    Phono Fraier 387L,	
rainrs and Papernangera of AraeriM
Local 188, Vancouver—Moeta 2nd an.
4th Thursdays at 1*8 Cordova St. W
Phono Sey. 3491.   Basinets agent, R. A
en Bridgemen, Derrickmen and Rlggofl
of Vancouver and vicinity. Meets oven
Monday, 8 p.m., In O. TV U. Hall, 804
Ponder St. W. President. W. Tucker
(Inanoial aeeretary and buslnesi agent, O
An-i-.-.nn     phono   Seymonr 291.
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Moots A. O. P. Hall, Uoint Pleasant
1st and Srd Mondays at 10.16 a.m. aid 1
p.m. President, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
Drive; record Ing-secre tary, F. E. OrtBUi
447—6th Avenue East; treuurer, _. 8
Cleveland; fin an clal ■secretary and boil
non agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4308 Daat-
friis Street; office corner Prior and Mala
Sts.   Phone Fair 860411
Meeta  last  Sunday  of  each  month ai
2   p.m.     Preildent,   C.   H.   Collier;   Ti*»
preiidcnt,     E.     H.     Gough;    secretary
treasurer, R. H. Neelands, Box 60.
ol the O. B. U. meets on the thW
Wednesday of every montb. Everybodj
B. 0., meets every Tuesday eveiiaj
at 8 p.m. in tho O. B, U. Hall, 804 Pon
dor St. W. Secretary, E. Horsburgb, Pea
■'"- Hall.
Provincial Unions
and Labor Conncil—Moots flrst Md
third Wednesdays, Knlghtj of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. Presl
dent, 0. fli ver ti; vice-president, R. Elliott; eocreturytrenstiror, E. S, Wood
ward,  P. O,  Box  302, Victoria,  B. O.
Council, O.  11.  U.    Branches: Prinoe
Rupert District  Flslicrlea Board, O.B.U.:
Metnlll-orous    Miners'    Dlstriot Board.
O.H.U.     Seerenrj-treasurer.   V. A    »-
217, Princo Rupert. PAGE FOUR
thirteenth YEAR,  no. _6   THE BRITISH COLLIMBJA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. a*
FRIDA'_'..--..T....Beiitimber 16, 191
For Men and Young Men
THE arrival of the new styles and fabrics in Men's Clothing discloses unusual values in the Dick Store. Every
day brings big consignments from leading manufacturers
and a wide choice is afforded,-no matter what the figure you
have in mind for your Fall and Winter Suit or Overcoat.
For men who appreciate good style and reliable fabrics these
new garments offer a distinct price saving as an inspection
will prove. Come in and stroll around. You are under no
obligation by doing so. Here are a few random prices;
Young Men's
Worsteds, tweeds and mixtures. In cloth, double and
single breasted models.
Trousers with new straight
Staple models, well-tailored,
in tweeds and worsteds,
checks and solid colors.
"Stouts" and other models.
Tweeds and rubberized
tweeds in various styles,
some velvet collars, others
in convertible ahd Chester-
field collars.
$25, $30, $35    $30 and $35    $15, $18, $20
45-49 Hastings St East
To Buyersof Printing
The following Arms have established the 44-hour week in
their workshops and are therefore the only printing offices
operating under conditions which are fair to the undersigned
Blockhcrgcr, F. R 319 Broadway —
Cambie Printing Oo 321 Camblo St.
Cowan __ Brookhouso. 1120 Howe St.
Crosby & Bisscll '. 500 Beatty St.
Dunsmuir Printers  437 Dimsinnir St.
Homer Printing Co Homer St.
Morris, J. P. & Co rear 623 Granville St.
North Shore Press North Vancouver
Shoemaker & Mi-Lean North Vancouver
Ward-Elwood, Ltd 318 Homer St.
Mexico and
the Treaty
The Oliver Rooms
48 \_ connovA east
Everything Modem
Kates Reasonable
Bring your work to a top-notcher.
250 KINGSWAY (Cor. Broadway)
came In the other (lay ami tmld he fount! lt necessary to stock
our boots, as the men were demanding them.   Surely there is a
Order Your I*air Today
The "New Method" Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
337 CARRALL STREET—Just a Step from Hastings
All O. B. U. Holp Phono Sey. 821.
Help Famine Stricken Workers and Peasants
How Much Will You Give to Help Them?
Will you feed 100 children today at a oost of only 5 por
cent, per child?
A Total Contribution of _$5.00
Will you feed 20 families today at a cost of only 25 per
cent, per family?
A Total Contribution of ,. $5.00
Will you feed 10 families today at a cost of only 25 per
cent, per family?
A Total Contribution of $2.50
Will you feed 20 children today at a cost of only 5 per
cent, per child?
A Total Contribution of $1.00
.ond All Remittances to
F. O. Box 3591, Station B, Winnipeg, Man.
Seoretary, Miss A. Schultz
Form branches   everywhere,   and  affiliate   with   the
Central Offico at thc above address.   Collect funds, grain,
etc., and ship to thc Central Committee, advising when
having done so.
(By Arthur Thomson)
THB United States Government is laying much stress
upon a proposed treaty between the United States and Mexico. "Secretary ot State Hughes
demands that the Mexican Government give written guarantees
that Article 27 ot the Mexican
Constitution shall not be retroactively aplled to American property rights, and then a treaty
shall be signed carrying with it
recognition of ' the Obregon Ad-
mlnstration. But Obregon says
that a treaty is "neither possiblo,
convenient' or n'veessary, and ls
contrary to Mexican constitutional
precepts, In that It creates special
privileges for Americans."
It may be that a treaty or written agreement sueh as is proposod
would be the way to safety for
Mexico, bringing speedy recognition and warding oft possible intervention. But perhaps the problem Is deeper than it at lirst seems,
lf we go back a few months we
will como across a certain well-
known letter to Secretary Fall, in
whieh he discusses an agreement
or treaty with Mexico. He says:
"I regard auch an agreement aa
absolutely essential as a prerequisite to recognition, particularly
for the reason that It will stop
Mexico from appealing to Latin
America should any question of
dispute thereafter arise between
this government and Mexico." In
other words, Fall wants Mexico to
bo bound hand and foot so that
sho can't appeal to her friends In
timo of need.
One of the reasons why intervention has not taken place before
this has been tho probable en-'
mlty towards tho United States
and Its products that would arise
In Latin Ameiica. Had tho United
States sent an army into Mexico,
American trade ln South Amorica
would have suffered considerably;
In fnct, it may have been entirely
supplanted by British and European trado. So Mr. Fall thinks
lhat by hog-Using- Mexico sho will
not bo able to legitimately appeal
to Latin Amorica and consequently
American, trade will be safe.
If the State department is sincere in its desiro for friendly relations with Mexico, why is It Insisting on a written agreement
which Obregon has constitutionally no power to givo and which,
coming right on top of Fall's statement, savors of a conspiracy? if
this treaty business Is not an imperialistic scheme, then lt has all
the ear-marks of one.
If Mexico wore to Blgn this
treaty what a line handle it would
mako for on intervention bat!
Stir up troublo In Mexico, then
mako a great fuss about the treaty
being violated and away goos tho
troops across tho rt|0 Orande!
Once moro "manifest destiny"
would come into play and the American Empiro would gain one
more colony.
Bernard Shaw Puts His
Finger on Sore i
Nicholas Lenin, prime minister
of Russia, has instituted what Mr.
Lloyd George has stated in the
House of Commons as the. blackest
atrocity, and as was felt in the
House of Commons really to be
iiis blackest atrocity, and it is felt,
I think, by every respectable man
to be his blackest atrocity, he introduced compulsory labor. He
actually said every man . must
work, or he will starve. He had
not much food to give the people
who did work.
Thanks to the fact that we are
trying to starve them out, you do
not get much to eat in Russia,
but at any rate what thero was
going he gave. Only if people
would not work they did not get
any tickets, and they got on as
best they could; they lived on
their own fat. That was the great
atrocity. Ho was, after all, carrying out compulsory labor for the
benefit of the system of society.
He was carrying out the Ideas of
the upper classes in this country
who are also in favor of compulsory labor. Only they find the
threat of starvation is sufficient to
do the compulsion ln this country,
except on  themselves.
Lenin Is logical; he brought in
a method of compulsory labor
from which nobody could get utterly exempt. We have a system
of compulsory labor in this country which applies to everybody except' people with a considerable
amount of property. They can
escape from it because they cannot be starved out. Under Lenin's
system you do get starved out.—
G. Bernard Shaw.
Russia Also Provides for
Foreigners9 Residence
for Long Periods
(By the Federated Presa)
Moscow—A decree just published,   empowers   the   extraordinary
commission, with the consent ofthe
commissariats of justice, home affairs and foreign affairs, to order
the deportation of undesirable
aliens. According to the various
international agreements concluded
by the Soviet government with foreign countries, citizens of those
countries may receive permits for
prolonged residence In Russia at
the discretion of the commissariat
of home affairs. Illegal activities
by such resident aliens and all Infringements of the regulations governing the residents are punishable
by deportation.
In a public statement the representative of the committee on concessions of tho all-Russian council
of public economy, Leserson, states
that the question of insurance is
one of the chief obstacles to the
conclusion of agreements with foreign concessionaires. The refusal
of foreign insurance companies to
Insure in Russia necessitates the institution of Russian insurance. Leserson recommends the granting of
insurance rights to co-operatives
and other companies, with government control and subsidy. Supporters of a system of state insurance
consider it the best means of raising Russian exchange.
German shipping experts are Inspecting tlie Finnish port of Han go
for tho purpose of ascertaining its
suitability for the delivery of the
locomotives now being manufactured in Germany for Soviet Russia.
J.L.L. Starts Season With
Meeting and Social at
Pender Hall
"Labor In the New Era" will be
the subject of Comrade Wm. Ivens'
address at the Fender Hall tonight.
The occasion will be the opening
meeting of the winter season for
the Junior Labor League and if the
enthusiasm which the young people
are putting into the affair counts
for anything, those who turn out
tonight will "get their money's
worth." A particular appeal is being made to parents to attend and
bring thcir young friends. The
ages of the members of the league
are from 14 to 25. The older spirits in the labor movement are expected—the young onea wanted.
The meeting will commence at 8
p.m. After the usual time ls allowed for questions, refreshments
will be obtainable and the dance
will commence at 9:30, instead of
10 p.m., as previously announced.
There will be a collection taken to
during the meeting to pay expenses.
A short concert programme which
had been arranged for has been
dispensed with in order to allow
more time to Comrade Ivens.
The next meeting wilt take place
on Friday, September 23, when the
league's educational committee will
have charge. This being the opening educational meeting of this season for the members and their
friends, the subject will be "Why
we kick, or the socialist Indictment
of capitalism." Topics on regular
educational meeting nights will be
consecutively arranged. It is not
the intention to begin economic
classes till October. Next year's
meeting will be at 929 Eleventh
Avenue East. For information
phone Fair. 3023L or Fair. 1610.
Representative Shaw Expresses Views on Labor
for Possessions
(By The Federated Press.)
Washington, D, C—Additional
confirmation of the fact that the
country has started on nn imperialistic policy came to light when
Representative Guy L. Shaw, of
Illinois, Issued a statement which
urges the "imperative need or an
ccient colonial policy for outiayr
ing territories and insular possessions."
Shaw advocates the Importation
of cheap coolie labor to the Hawaiian Islands and justifies this on
the ground it "will choke oil the
Japanese drive for the islands and
insure them for the American people." Shaw says: "It Is not safe
to have American fortifications and
the naval base thero surrounded
by a Japanese population." Evidently Mr. Shaw thinks the situation will be improved by importing a few thousand Chinese.
Shaw says: "It stands to reason
a cannot intelligently develop
our resources lf we try to make
tropical industries conform to re-
Says It Is Money-making
Scheme and Danger
to Society
New Tork.—A former official of
the Ku Klux Klan, Henry P. Fry,
in a letter of withdrawal from that
organization, published in the
New York World of September 9,
declares that:
"... I have reached the conclusion that your proposition is a
historical fraud; that it is a money-
making scheme run for the beneflt
of a few insiders; that it is engaged
in an evil propaganda in promoting
unwarranted .religious and racial
hatred against the Jews, Roman
Catholics, negroes and foreign-
born American citizens; that your
entire scheme is a dangerous public menace that will Inevitably lead
to bloodshed, and, if successful,
must lead to revolution; and that
in the interest of decent Americanism, it should be suppressed by
the Federal authorities.   .   .
"Your 'invisible empire,'" continues the writer, addressing himself to tbe Imperial Wizard of the
Klan, "is furthermore a money-
making scheme! You, yourself,
an Individual of little, if any, means
prior to your becoming an 'Emperor,' have so far received from
'friends' a $25,000 residence completely furnished! Your connection with the organization ls either
bringing you large sums of money
at present or the promise of same
in the future. You are allowed to
appropriate to your own use all of
the $10 'donated' by any person
whose application you personally
solicit. All the rituals and other
printed publications of your organization are copyrighted ln your,
name, and it is presumable that
you have either received royalties
for their use or a cash consideration for their sale.   .   ."
In describing the activities of the
Klan, the writer declares that the
organization . . . "la now being
nurtured tn cunning and false pre
tense and fed upon an unholy lust
for gold by means of passion, hat'
red and the prejuudlce of religious
and racfal fanaticism. And day
by day, with your oily assurance,
you say that these devilish devices
of discord are being developed in
the name of pure Americanism!
If this is your idea of America, yon
have not the slightest conception
of what pure Americanism means.
Working Shoes
For Men
The Greb
is guaranteed all solid leather, black or brown,
made on a foot-form last that insures comfort.
The Men's and Boys' Shoe Specialists.
Dance Saturday
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night tn the Pender Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe sts.
Good music, a flne floor and .every
accommodation. Admission, gents
60c,  ladies  25c.
You may wish to help Tlie Federatlonist. You can do so by renewing your sultsrription promptly and
sending in tho subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
gulations made to fit the United
States." ' He wants labor guarantees removed "so that Americanism will thrive."
The statement was sent out by
the lobby sent here by tho Honolulu Chamber of Commerce to
lobby for importation of Chinese
labor on the Islands. The lobby Is
very effective and evidently plans
to make a vigorous drive for thc
passage of this law when Congress
Capitalism and the Far East
Oklahoma City.—The arrest of
J. B, Armstrong, a union printer,
for picketing tho Western Newspaper Union building, has been
described as "a deliberate attempt
to evade the state law permitting
Peaceful picketing by arresting
men on loitering charges."
The oflicor who arrested Armstrong ordered substitute pickets to
stay away at least a block from
thn plant. A nominal flne was
later imposed on Armstrong.
Face Coming Winter in
U. S. Without Any
New York—Four million unem
ployed wage earners averted acute
distress during the winter of 1920-
21 by drawing upon savings "to an
unprecedented extent," and by sacrificing their Liberty bonds, but
with their own resources now exhausted by the prolinged depression, with an army of 6,000,000 out
of work by, and with rapidly Increasing demands upon: charity,
there ls urgent need ln most industrial cities for the adoption, as soon
as possible, before another winter
sets in, of a comprehensive programmo for combatting unemployment In 110 Important Industrial
The survey, in which chambers
of commerce, labor unions, public officials and charity organizations co-operated, Is supplemented
with a special Inquiry by Dr. John
B. Andrews, secretary of the association, who recently visited 18
States and three Canadian provinces.
"Everywhere,'" Dr. Andrews declares, "I found publio officials,
leauii.;? business men and bankers,
labor officials and other representative citizens ln agreement thut the
results af unemployment had assumed a serious aspect by lato
summer and were growing worse.
Mnny are making definite preparations for community action to keep
unemployment from getting out of
bounds during the coming wlntor."
Unemployment in tho winter of
1920-21, according to the association's report, although twice [as
great ln extent as during the previous depression of 1914-15, was
accompanied by far less severe destitution and distress.
What    about    your    neighbor's
In i pamphhlet entitled "Capitalism and tlie Far East," by
George Horwill, B.Sc, with an Introduction by Colonel Wedgwood,
some additional light is thrown
upon the much-discussed alliance between England and Japan.
When one gets a close view of
this treaty, and the terms at the
back of it, keeping In mind all
tho time the actual working of
tho treaty in practice, one may
perhaps be pardoned for expressing the thought that there is
much more in the whole business
than what we are permitted to
Mr. Horwill beginB by explaining the struggle between the great
capitalist Powers, among whom
Japan is playing a leading part,
for opportunities to exploit the
vast wealth of China,
In that wealth, coal In quantity,
twenty times the amount of Great
Britain—stands flrst on the list.
The State of Shan-Si, over which
Japan, through Shantung, has
practical control, is another
South Wales for Its flne quality of
steam coat.
Iron, tn easily acceesslble deposits, up to 60,000,000 tons,
comes next.
Railways represent a scramble
for concessions of twenty years' duration, and they are now opening
up China to the invasion of Western industrialism that.soon "the
Journey to China will be made
from London in ten days."
Silk and cotton and foodstuffs,
principally rice nnd tea, follow;
but from the capitalist standpoint
China's vast population of 400,-
000,000 with the cheapest, most
Industrious and docile workers in
the world, ts perhaps the most important feature.
China is paying the penalty of
the degradation of her women
and her polygamous institutions
("even Yuan Shi Kai had over
thirty children by his Innumerable wives") in an over-population, among whom famine and
pestilence continually produce
frightful suffering. As a consequence, the workers, crowded into
filthy streets, will work for, and
exist on, a lower wage than any
others in the world.
The Foundation of tho Anglo-
Japanese Alliance,
In the second half of this pamphlet Mr. Horwill traces the most
recent workings of big business
or finance through shipping, railway and banking Interests, and
lays bare the real foundations of
the Angto-Japunese Alliance.
For instance, in the South Man-
churian    Railway    Company,  th«
Japanese Government own the
controlling interests, so far as
Japanese Investors are concerned,
but the biggest item of finance of
the company Is £12,000,000 In debentures, held almost entirely by
British investors, and subscribed
by London syndicates.
During the great war Japan,
witii the support of Britain com
pelled China to extend the lease
on this railway for ninety-nine
Mr. Horwill shows tn careful
detail how by the Allied powers'
victory tn the great war, Japan
took over, again going shares with
Great Britain, the various concessions and ports, like Kiau Chau,
previously held or seized by Germany.
But the United States financiers
have become seriously alarmed.
They have always been a bit behind in the race; now they see
themselves outdistanced, especially
by Japan,
Northern China is little more
than a Japanese province. Japan
has obtained a number of the islands, in ordor to prevent the
United States securing them as
naval bases. Yap is but the latest
Instance of this effort.
In Korea and Formosa Japan has
hot hesitated to "use the gun, thc
bayonet, and the lash with a
frightful barbarity to enforce her
point of view.
In short, American big business
sees that "a mighty yellow capitalist civilization is arising on the
other shores of the Pacific to compete with her."
Britain's part In this atruggle Is
especially ugly. As Mr. Horwill
showp, her present policy is to ally
herself with Japan and receive big
■hares In her spoils. But neither
Canada or Australia approve.
Further, the war between the
weakened yellow races and the
white can only mean the doom of
Western civilization.
To this abyss Capitalist-Imperialism Is leading us.
The hope, and the only hope, is
the rising strength of the organized workers of t he world and
their determined helping of the
struggle of tho Astatic workers for
better conditions, and their leading in the new world social ordor,
based, not on slavery and slaughter, but on the principles of the
Co-operative Commonwealth, freedom and peace.
"China is historically a peace-
loving nation. Ita idol ts not a
soldier, but a philosopher—Con-
fucious. It ls an easy matter, once
having removed the financial motives, to assist the development of
a Peaceful East."
"Australian   Socialist."
New Arrivals Every Day]
We have just opened up a new shipment of]
BLUE SERGE SUITS, all wool twill serge,
guaranteed dye.  Made in conservative style,.!
medium fitting; three-button coat.  The prices]
are reasonable—
$37.50 and $42.50
Vancouver, B. 0.
Reports that Canada ia to ship
goods to Russia within the next
month or two are prevalent. One
report states that BOO oil tank cars
are to leave Montreal in October,
pn Canadian government Merchant
Marine ships bound for Novo Uos-
susk, a Russian port on the Black
Moscow, August 19 — "Rosta
Wien"—A decree of the Council
of Commissaries permits the sale
of houses which have not boen
municipalized with the limitation
that no person may own moro than
one house along with outbuildings.
Under  the  auspices
Society   for -Technical   Aid
to Soviet Russia
will be held in aid of the
Russian Famine Relief Fund
in   the   FINNISH   HALL,
2605 Pender E.,  Corner of
At 8 O'clock
Grtits SOc Ladies 25c
Ladies with baskets  free
H. Walton
SpeclaliHt   in   Eloctrical   Trpatmonts,
Violet Hay tnd High   Frequency tor
Rheumatism, Sciatica,  Lumbago, Far*
•lysis, Hair   and   Scalp   Treatments,
Chronic Ailments.
Pbone  Seymour 2048
198 Hastings Street West
Furnishings of 24 rooms, In heart
pf city. Good leaso. Rent $60 per
Phone Owner, Sey. 077511
To the Electors!
Having been requested J»y j
number of elcetora who
representative of Farmer an I
Jjtihor   Interests   to   ton to. |
the   Comox-Alberni   seat
tlie     approivc hlng      Feder. ]
Election,  I  have decided
accept    nomination
Former-Labor candidate.
My   platform   and   poll* I
will bo fully announced lnle_|
In   tho   meantime   I
your careful consideration < J
my candidature.
Sayward, Salmon River,
Vancouver Island, B, O.
Public Lecture Snnday Evening, Sep' I
Boom 224'Duncan Building, at 8 o'lj
Subject, "OMAB KHAYAM" f
Get your workmate to subf.il
for The Federationist. 1
Always look up the Fed. a<J
tlsers before making purchasrT
Dental Plat
a Specialty
Crowns, Bridge, and Filling. . t
til.  game  .had. as  your nat<j
Dr. Gordon Campi
Dental Art Establishmi
OUO Corner Robsonj|
Over Owl Drue Store.   Sey,
42 OORDOVA ST. E.  Just Off CurriM Street
for Working Peoplo
Hot and Gold Wnter ln Every Room
Rates Reasonable Phono Seymour  117.
While several of the readen et tkt "Federationist" visited our eto;
uil took advantage of our offer of
•■ advertised ln last week's issue, shey were comparatively fow cm j
ildering tho Urge numbor of readers this papor commands. Wo si 1
thereforo repeating this offer this week, wblch Is to rebate sll rosdei j
of ths Federationist 5 per cont. off their purchases snd, that they msy hi
sors thst they really obtain this advantage, they do not have to ss; |
snything whilo purchasing: merely produce this advertisement whe'
paying the bill snd they will bo allowed five per cent, off the amour. !
of their purchase. But, bring this advertisement with yoa—don't forget' J
Remember this is the smartest storo in tho city—only opened s lev' J
months with the most stylish goods, absolutely the newest of tho newi"
of highest grade st lowest prices.   Call snd set ns anyway,   Thoro 1*1
no solicitation to purebsss.


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