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British Columbia Federationist Nov 17, 1922

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Array •xavwan ivioniaomoi
Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
political uniit* victobt
$2.50 PER YEAR
P. Pettipiece and Dr.
Downie Will Be
Irs. Hayward and Mrs.
Woodsworth  Spoke
Last Sunday
j The Federated Labor Party will
hart Its civic election campaign on
\nday evening, when Alderman
pettipiece, who ts again a candl-
l-ite for the City Council, and Dr.
pownie, nominee of the party for
be Board of School Trustees, will
i the speakers,
Laat      Sunday   Mrs,      J.     S.
Voodsworth     and     Mrs.     Hay-
were      warmly     greeted
jvhen  they took the  platform as
ikers at the propaganda meet-
ng, held In the hall at 148 Cor-
flova Street West. Mrs, Hayward,
of Seattle, who spoke first,
Irave an interesting account of the
ro-operatlve movement which was
[itarted  there  by the subscription
$72,000, all of which was sub-
icrlbed by the workers. Mrs. Hay-
•d said that If crowded meet-
i with lively discussion, coup-
with high aspirations, could
have made permanent the Cooperative movement, then- Seattle
was the correct starting place; but
i^hey soon found out that the
knowledge permeating the membership regarding the possibilities
of the principles of co-operation
being made a basis for the education and discipline necessary to
the upbuilding of a new social or-
was superficial, and not fundamental, the movement suffered
Women's Vote
In regard to the women's vote,
and  Its influence  in  the pending
British   elections,   Mrs.   Hayward
was of the opinion the working-
men were to blame for their wo-
men folk not having advanced as
| 'far along political and economic
lines as had the men, for she felt
sure that the old party politicians
would not neglect any opportunity to secure  the women's vote.
She paid  tribute to the colossal
task of the Russians ln maintaining   their   system   of   governing
I' against the World wide reactionary
■.movements, for they had the courtage to do and' to dare, what more
1 advanced countries with like op-
i Portunltles   seemed- incapable   of
doing.    In  conclusion, -Mrs.  Hay-
Ward urged those present to do all
In their power to assist in the education  of   both  men  and  women
towards the necessity for a complete change in the present social
Mrs. Woodsworth, following, in
elaborating   upon  the  importance
i of the women's vote, reminded her
audience  of the very few  public
meetings held by the old line par-
: ties during the last federal cam*
[ paign until within a week of the
poll, but previous to that, numer-
■ wis meetinga had been held ln the
i shape of pink teas In the homes of
| women prominent In the Liberal
l' and Conservative parties, showing
that they thought the women's vote
of some consequence.
"" The Old World
Mrs. Woodsworth then proceeded
to give a careful survey of the deplorable situation in the Old World,
(Continued on page 4)
"* Critics Who Say Ho Is
In.. \\ aml Demands
\ 4\mliiatlon
Gallon, ^Bishop Wm. Montgomery Bro, , of the Episcopal
church, whosV ^mmunist opinions
havo made hii\ ^popular w|*h his
brethren in th\»V luse of bishops,
admits that Harolds heretical
opinions. But hfe'will not leave the
church unless it goes on record
against heretical naturalistic interpretation of tho Bible, and In favor of an arthodox supernaturalis
tic one. Some of the brethren have
bcen conducting a whispering campaign against Brown's Banlty. In
view of this campaign, Brown has
announced that he will receivo ho
committee from the bishops until
his sanity has first been established
by the psychologists from Yale,
Columbia and John Hopkins universities. In renewed correspondence he suggests that the com'
mittee arrange for this test because
otherwise an interview will be useless.
Workers Must Enter New
Battles to Get Living
Commission  Refuses  to
Give Truth as to Unemployed Conditions
Geneva, Switzerland—A resolution moved by Tom Moore, the Canadian workers' repreestnative, at
the sitting or the migration commission of tho International Labor
conference, proposing that the International Labor offlce be called
on to provide information to emigrants regarding conditions of unemployment ln the countries receiving emigrants, was voted down
by the government and employers*
E. L. Poulton, an English delegate, pointed out that the conference of 100 was composed of 56
government delegates and 22 from
the employers, leaving only 22 from
the workers of the different countries. Referring to the small number of Labor agreements ratified,
he appealed to government delegates to bring pressure to bear on
their governments, and regretted
that Great Britain had not set a
good example ln the matter of' the
eight-hour day.
Local Strikers on Great
Northern Secure Some
The standing of the local strikers
on the Great Northern-Railway Co.
Is a little better this week. Quite
a few have got temporary employment, which will help a little for
the dependents who are so willingly sacrificing themselves to help in
this hard-fought battle.
It Is very evident, from the news
received, that the end is not very
far distant, when there will be
around 20 replacements (?) looking for work in this city, so all who
ar looking for progress and prosperity for everybody, watch for
these men, If there are any employers who really want these men,
please make application at once,
and a full list of names will be
cheerfully given.
Reports from headquarters are
full of engine failure, car shortages
and delays. A letter was received
from St. Anthony's Rectory, Laurel, Montana, which speaks well
for that toyn. In the letter, the
Rev. Father Slievlin says: "I am
sure glad to stato that not one
member of the Catholic church
went back. Whatever else may be
said regarding the Catholics in
Laurel, lt can never be Bald of them
that they betrayed their fellowman nor joined that despicable and
contemptibly crowd justly called
I sure feel proud of the bravo
boys, and I am heart and soul with
them to the end."
There is one of these Catholics in
the local yards, and his loyalty has
ly^rice on it, and the price is the
price of a scab's wages.
Yon moy wish to help Tlie Fed-
erstlontet. Von can do so by renewing yonr subscription promptly and
sending in the subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
Amendments Are Sought
to Workmen's Compensation Act
If the members of Local 452 of
the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners have their way,
amendments will be made to the
Workmen's Compensation Act
which will provide more adequate
protection of the carpenters against
At the regular meeting held on
Monday evening, this matter was
discussed at length, and during the
discussion, it was pointed out that
23 per cent, of the members of the
organization who were the victims
of accidents, were not working for
contractors or employers who came
under the Compensation Act, but
were working for private employers, and consequently did not re
celve compensation for their injuries. It was finally decided that the
delegates to the Central Labor body
should take this matter up at the
next meeting, and endeavor to have
that body seek amendments which
would cover such Injuries, During
the discussion, it was pointed out
by Business Agenjt Hardy, that com
munlcatlons had been sent to Mrs.
Smith, member of tho Provincial
house, and R. H. Neelands, member for South Vancouver, requesting their support to the proposed
Following a communication sent
to Jas. Thomsons Ltd., re the lack
of the union labol on Twin Bute
Overalls, a communication was received by the local explaining the
position of the company, and the
following resolution, was passed
and ordered sent to the manufacturers of this brand of goods:
"Resolved, that we, the members
of Local 452 of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, endorsing the principle of collective
bargaining, which was supported
by all public bodies during the war
period, go on record as ln favor of
purchasing only union-made goods,
bearing the recognized labels of the
organizations affected."
Building Permits
Nov. I—-52 2Homer Street, 8. N.
McLeod, garage, $4000.
Nov. 10—1244-8 Hastings East,
A. S. Newton, store and suites,
$4500; 570 Homer, Dixon & Murray, repairs, $1500.
Nov. 11—998 Nicola, Bed Davidson, store and rooms, $3000.
Nov. 13—3019—6th Ave west, J.
F. Hart, dwelling, $2750.
Nov. 14—565 Homer, H. H. Fisher, dwelling, $1250.
Proctor,- Minn.—Officials of tho
Duluth, Messabe & Northern, and
the Duluth & Iron Range Railroads
are reported to be trying to hire
shop workers ln eastern citios, and
are telling them that tho strike oh
these two roads has beon settled.
No settlement of the strike has
been reached, officials of tho local
system federations say, and men
accepting Jobs on these two roads
will be classed as strike-breakers.
Hand your neighbor this copy nf
Plio Federationist, and then call
-found next day for a tmbscrlo'lon.
Constant Effort to Keep
Abreast of Mark Is
Necessary    -
[By Louis P. Lochner]
AH calculations for the German
workers? have been upset by the
latest collapse of the.mark. Whatever agreements had been made
with the bosses, were figured on
the theory that the mark would
Btand at about 1600-2000 to the
dollar. Instead, within one .week,
the value of the mark as a medium of international exchange,
has been-more than cut in half,
for at this writing, you can buy
4400 marks for one American dollar.
Bo the workers must immediately enter into new battles for wresting a wage from the boss that
will at least prevent starvation,
even though it cannot be called a
living wage.
Clothing Industry
Take the situation In the clothing industry. There is no thought
at this moment in the German
Clothing Workers Union of vigorously pushing any plans for the
social, educational and (esthetic
betterment of the workers. All
the energy ef the union, from that
of General President Plettl to the
humblest local secretary, is spent
upon the constant struggle of
keeping abreast of the devaluation
of the mark. There were plans
for forming an Industrial union
with the furriers and the hatters
—no time for it Just now; the
members must first be assured of
the means wherewith to keep hunger from their door. There were
plans of an educational, of a social
of a civic nature—they have had
to be abandoned temporarily while
the elementary struggle for the
means of subsistence goes on.
In each of the principal branches
of the German Clothing Workers
Union—men's clothing, women's
dresses, children's garments, shirt
and underwear department—there
havo been two sets of negotiations
with the. bosses during October,
As % result of muoh effort and
much expenditure of energy, agreements were finally concluded by
which wages are to be increased
85 per cent, for the ensuing month,
But the cost of living has already
gone up about 110 per cent.! So
that, at beBt, the clothing workers
wages would lag 35 per cent, behind the rise ih the cost of living,
had not the latest catastrophe of
the mark hit Germany. With the
mark at less than one-half of Its
value of two weeks ago, it follows
that theBe agreements with the
bosses are not worth the paper
they are written on, and lmmdei-
ately the whole apparatus of the
union must again be set in motion to perfect new negotiations.
Applies to AU
What Is true of the clothing
workers Is true of trado unionists
generally. Wherever I go around
to trade union offices, I flnd the
same regret that the organized
movement of the workers today
has reverted to Its status of decades ago—an elementary struggle
for wages and hours, and a temporary abandonment of those larger aspects that for bo long a
time differentiated the German
movement from that, say, of the
United States (barring a few noteworthy exceptions like the Amalgamated).
When one talks to trade union
officials, they tell you one and all
that at the bottom of their troubles lies the iniquity of the Versailles treaty—that they would be
quite able to hold their own
against the German government,
(Continued on page ft)
"THERE is an old adage, which l» to the effect that
•*• "there is many a true word: ipokttt in jest." Thii
was well demonstrated during the, debate on the Speech
from the Throne in Victoria last week, when the leader
of the government and the leader of the opposition
were talking about each other's iniquities, and coming
near to the danger mark, and when tbat point was reached, backing up and not disclosing' all they knew.
At l_a_t two membors of the Home saw the horse play
and make believe; they were Fred Anderson of Kamloops
and S. H. Neelands of Sonth Vancouver.
Mr. Anderson put his ideas in the following words:
"Bound and round the political tree,
I'll chase you and you chase me,
But nobody gets any further,"
B. H. Neelands suggested to Mr. Anderson that the political farce should be described as follows:
"We will talk and talk of the P. O. E,
I '11 pan you and you pan me,
But the publio will be made no wiser."
Hundreds of Thousands
of Children Are
Working-class Journalist
Not Acceptable to
Says He WiU Still Fight
for Working-class
London—When Charles Ashleigh,
known In. the American Labor
movement as a speaker and writer,
arrived in Bombay, Sept. 19, the
police came on board his ship and
demanded his passport. This they
took from him, forbidding him to
land. Later, they permitted him
to go ashore and to stay in a Bombay hotel, under police surveillance
until the departure of the steamer
Kalsar-I-HInd on Sept. 23. Thus,
Ashleigh spent just four days ln
Ashleigh is a British subjeet, although he has lived In fhe-United
States nearly ten years. When hts
passport was returned to him, he
found that the portion of it stating
Its validity for the British Empire
waa cancelled, and that he was thus
automatically excluded from India.
The police official asked Ashleigh
whether he had come to India to
write about the Nationalist movement, and whether he supported lt.
Ashleigh replied that he had come
to India to report the truth as
faithfully and conscientiously as
possible. In reply to the government's contention that he Ib not an
Impartial journalist, as he writes
mainly for working class papers,
Ashleigh demands that they also
exclude all journalists who write
for avowedly anti-Nat ionallst papers,
Ashleigh was not much put out
by his deportation. "I'm used to it,"
he said. "I was deported from the
States laBt February, after spending three years ln American prisons
because I believed ln the solidarity
of Labor. I hope the splendid men
whom President Harding still kenps
behind the bars will realize, when
they read this, that I am still in the
world struggle for emancipation
from political and economic servitude."
Editor of Locomotive Engineers' Journal Scores
j 1   Daugherty
Resents Slanders of Head
of Department of
Canadian press reports as to the
Michigan "red raids" and other
machinations of the ruling class
against the militant workers in thc
United States, may have given the
impression to muny Canadian workers that there waa something going
on in Labor circles which was detrimental to the Interests of the
workers generally. But the facts
do not appear in the daily. press.
Ther, are hidden, and If they do ap-
pear'; at all, they are so garbled,
and "twisted, that It Is almost Impossible to Bee them tor the verbal
smoke screen which ls thrown off
to hide them.
The following editorial, taken
from the Locomotive Engineers'
Journal, by no means a radical
publication, throws much light on
the attitude of even the conservative membera of organized labor In
the United States:
"If if) time for plain talk about
Attorney Oeneral Daugherty. His
recent publio utterances are nothing short of a disgrace to the nation that has entrusted him with
his high office. During the past
week he delivered a campaign
speech at Canton, Ohio, mainly in
defense of the failures ahd blunders .of the department of Justice
under his control. He dwelt on the
superb service he had rendered the
country by suppressing the strike of
the railroad shopmen with his Injunction and further said:
•With one bold challenge to constitutional government, the transportation of strike leaders, to all
apparent purposes, renounced tho
protection of governmental authority when they mutinied against the
decision of the railroad labor
board! *   .
"Tills was a revolt against government. ■ Criminals of the vilest
(Continued on page i)
Unemployed to Acquaint
Emigrants with Conditions Here
A well-attended meeting of the
Vancouver Unemployed Workers
Protective Association was held on
Sunday last, ln the Labor Temple,
when it was decided to demand
full work, and to make this demand
known to the unemployed conference committee at the next meeting
of that body.
Another matter, which was referred to the conference committee
was tho securing of a hall for meetings, and a room for the registration of the unemployed workers,
and It was suggested tbat the
Trades and Labor Council be askod
to make this accommodation.
After consideration of tho efforts
which .are being made to Induce
emigrants from Oreat Britain to
come to Canada, lt was decided,
that at the noxt meeting of thu
unemployed conference committoe,
tho dolegates to that body should
endeavor to have the Labor organizations and publications notified as
to the real conditions In this country.
A meeting of this organization
will be hold on Sunday, Nov. 19, at
3 p.m. in tho National theatre, Hastings Street West.
Buy at a union store.
World News in Brief Paragraphs
•Tests mado on its trialf Stockton, Cal.—A small army of
gunmen are in control of camps
during the Iletch Hetchy strike,
Pew strike-breakers huve been recruited, nnd those who aro working
are making small headway.
trip of a Russian locomotive manufactured entirely in a Soviet shop,
and of locomotives delivered by
German shops, showed that the
Russian engine excelled ln speed
and pulling power. The Kharkov
Locomotive Works are being restored.
Now York—The WorKors* Party
will organize a widespread educational campaign in favor of a Labor
Party. In its declaration for the
Labor Party, the central executive
committee of the party says "a real
Labor Party can bo formed only by
the Labor unionfl. A political mass
party in America is possible only
with their support." This campaign is to begin with the members
of the Workers' Party.
Cape Town, South Africa—In
trying to provo that the Rand strike
was inspired from Moscow, the report of tho commission appointed
by Gen. Smuts to investigate the
proceedings under martial luw during tho strike adduces as evidence,
(1) that a delegate from South
Africa was present at the Third International conference, and (2)
that among the papers seized by
tbo police was a photograph of
Tom Mann, signed, "With revolutionary greetings."
Now Tork—"So far as I can see,
thore is no hope for civilization in
Europe," said Dr. John Hay non
Holmes, opening the public forum
of the new Community church, or
which ho Is pastor, here, "Europe
is moving aB fast and as certainly
as It possibly cart toward anothor
war—a war which already Is ln the
making. It will not come tomorrow, next year, or In ten years, but
It will come within a generation."
Holmes termed the Fascisti In Italy
a band of brigands—a combination
of the Klu Klux Klan and the American Legion.
Copenhagen—The new International People's College at Helsin-
gor (Hamlet's Eislnore), founded
after the war to bring together
men and women of all countries interested in Labor problems, offers a
six months' course with board and
lodging, from January to July,
1023, to students, for $'200.
Sacramento, Cal.—J. 13, Estey
one of tbo defendants ln the recent
I. W. *W. criminal syndicalism trial
here of the defense witnesses at the
Casdorf and Flrey trial, was drown
ed near here when an automobile
ln which he was riding fell through
a drawbridge into tbe river.
San Francisco—Alexander Horr
Socialist Party candidate for governor, was arrested shortly before
oloetio-i, whilo ho was making a
■treet campaign speech, and charged with disturbing tbe peace.
''There .was a crowd around him,
and I considered that obstructing
the traiDc," the arresting ofllccr
Btated. Tbo case was dismissed—
after tho election.
Constantinople—"Peaco In the
Near East and the revival of British .trade ln the levant, depend
largely on the government which
rules England, Tho govornmont
which Is most qualified to achieve
these ends is that of British Labor,''
said' the Turkish leader, Humid
Bey,' Among other things he said:
"Wrth a Labor government representing England, wo would no longer feel thnt we wero dealing with
a hostile government. . , . The
most trusted friends of peace In the
levant are represented by the Labor
Party "
Blockade   and   Assaults
Are Now Taking Toll
From Kiddies
(By F. S. R. Press Service).
The extent of destitution among
the children of Russia would be
incredible, were the causes of the
appalling situation less well known.
Those who have watched the catastrophic assaults upon Russia during the last five years—the attacks
by subsidized brigands, the block'
ade by international greed, the ter
rible famine—learn without surprise that literally hundreds of
thousands of children are orphaned
starving, broken in health, doomed
to extermination unless help arrives quickly from the outside. Estimates Indicate that there are
600,000 orphans In Russia, and
400,000 In the* Ukraine.
Everywhere In Russia, but especially In the regions devastated by
the famine scourge,- there are
hordes of uncared-for children.
The graphic descriptions of their
condition and sufferings there Is no
need to repeat here. The details
are too gruesome, unearthly in their
Everywhere in Russia little children wander like lost souls, the
only hope for life being In the generosity of the workers In other
lands. Thcir fathers have fallen in
defending the workers' republic
against the Wrangels and Denikins,
of the world; killed In many instances by American bullets. Or
they have died of hunger rather
than eat the crust of bread which
might save their children's lives.
To meet this situation, the International Workers Aid has decided to establish Children's Homes
in Russia, equipped to care for and
educate the new generation of
Russians. Several such homes are
already ln existence, supported by
the Oerman and Dutch workers.
Despite inadequate provisions in
many places, these homes are wonderful cases of happiness for the
Russian children in a desert of
misery. More such homes, if started soon, will obviate a great deal
of suffering.
The Friends of Soviet Russia, as
the American branch of the International relief body, is conducting
a campaign for the adoption of
Russian orphans. The Soviet government has set aside many buildings, some of them the former residences of tho nobility, to be used
fn the care of children. But these
houses cannot be used until the
necessary equipment Is available,
until regular donations to keep the
homes running, have bcen assured.
The F. S. R. In its drive to reach
every working man nnd woman ln
Canada and the United States with
this message: "Your contribution,
no matter how small, is not negligible. It takes so little money to
keep a boy or girl alive that your
mite will save the life of at least
one orphan. Two dollars will provide food and clothes, a home and
an education for a Russian child for
a whole month!"
Tho appeal of the F. S. R. Is
directed not only to individuals, but
also to organizations. Labor
unions and other working class
groups are asked to adopt as many
children as their treasury can
stand. It Is expected that some
ot the larger organizations will
adopt hundreds outright. As large
an initial donation as possible to
go toward equipping a home, and
monthly payments of 12 for each
orphan adopted—these are the
forms which help should take,
Were Promised a Fair Deal.
Aro Turned Out of
Sydney, N. S. W.—State governments in Australia which, during
the war, were profuse In their promises to "stick to the returned soldiers" and Bee that they got a fair
deal, are now evicting returned soldiers from their farms because the
returned men are unable to keep up
the mortgage payments. In most
cases the soldiers were rushed on
to the land by thc governments
with all sorts of false promises. A
great number of them had no previous experience ln farm work.
Without money and without crops
they were unable to repay the
money advanced them by the governments, and the government
bailiffs have beeu sent along to
throw them out.
Shops Crafts Committee-
Says Law Was
One dollar ana nrty tetsta li th*
coat for a alx month, .ubacrlptlon
to the FederationiBt.
Capitalist White Guard
Has Been Established
Hamburg, Germany—The Klu
Klux Klan of America has its
counterpart In Germany in the
Steel Helmet Society, a group of
monarchlstically Inclined men who
will seek to save Germany for capitalism when everything else falls.
One of its divisions Is devoted to
"home protection." The members
of this division agree in the event
of disorders to spring to the aid of
the police. A recent circular of
this division Bays: "In view of tho
present economic situation of Germany, It is imperatively necessary
that tho home protection division
be kept intact. There Ib grave reason for fearing that the conditions
arising from the Increasing cost of
living will lead to disorders and
tho plundering of shops, which can
not be quelled by the police alone.
For this contingency the 'home
protection* section has been organized, to protect the lives and
property of our fellow citizens."
You may wish to help Tlie Fed*
eratlonfct. You ran do so by renewing yonr subscription promptly and
sending In tho subscription of yonr
friend or neighbor.
Evidently Preparing for
Next War—Probably
in Pacific
[W. Francis w. Ahern]
(Federated   Press   Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. W.—Exclusive dispatches from the Par East, received
by the Australian bureau of the
Federated Press, Indicate that in
submarines, light cruisers nnd destroyers, Japan is building more
than any other nation and In some
cases, more than all the other nuval
powers together.
Japanese opinion has great belief
In the future of the submarine as a
fleet unit, so much so that Admiral
Baron Kato scrupped his submarine programme and lms drawn up
an entirely now programme. Un ler
thc new programme, tho Japnn.m-
submarlno will bo much mora formidable than tbe best of tba German boats.
The latost designed Japanoso
submarines aro of 2300 tons displacement; carry two 6-inch quirk
firing guns; six torpedo tubes; arc
heavily armored and have a cruising radius at 1V_ ktiotH of 16,000!
miles. Though Suitable for com-!
morce raiding, thoy nro also suitable for fleet work.
This Indicates that Japan expects
the next war to be fought at sonic
distance from hor shores—probably somewhere in the Pacific.
Labor   Men   Investigate
Medical Provisions of
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federacd Press Correspondent)
Melbourne, Australia — Australian Labor politicians who recontly visited the former German territory of New Ouinea mandated to
Australia by the League of Nations, reveal disgraceful conditions
in connection with the medical
services provided In the mandated
area by the Australian federal government.
The government Is charged with
responsibility for the inadequate
and Insufficient medical service;
the Insufficiency of drugs and surgical appliances, and the unsatisfactory accommodation at hospitals.
In New Guinea proper, a territory ot 72,000 square miles, there
ls only one medical hospital. The
one white hospital (at Madang) Ib
In a disgraceful condition, there being no sterilizing plant. At tho native hospital conditions are the
same, or even worse.
At the main station on New Zealand, 4,600 square miles In area,
there In only one doctor doing his
work under great disabilities, being severely handicapped for lack
of bandages and materials, although requisitions have been
placed for an adequate supply.
Tho doctor reported thut owing
to lack of surgical instruments ho
was forcod to get an engineer's saw
from tbe wireless station to amputate tho arm of a man. The mun
has since died.
When the matter was before the
Australian federal parliament,
Prime Minister Hughes, though not
denying tho charges, said such
statements merely supplied material to Oermany, which had not
given up hope of regaining tho territory. Parliament, howeevr, took
a different view of the mattor, nnd
ordered a further $50,000 be made
available for better medical services In the mandated area.
Paris, France—If Echo National,
one of the leading capitalistic newspapers in tbls city. Is correctly Informed, a now offensive against
llti-isla may soon be expected via
thc small countries grouped together In tho "Little Entente" (Czechoslovakia, Human in. Bulgaria
and Jugoslavia). According to
Echo National, Premier Raymond
Poincare of France has suggested
to tho finance committee of tbe
reparations commission that n
credit of several hundrod million
francs bo advanced to the "Little
Elntento'1 out of funds paid by tbe
Qerm&ns as reparations) with which
credit tho ''Little 12 Men to" Is to be
enabled to "ward off any threatening war with Soviet Itussia or Turkey."
Tiffin, O.—Charles It. Martin, 60.
fnr 25 years a national figure In tbe
Labor movement, and long nn nsso-
late of ISugene v. Dobs, was burled here Nov. .1. Martin was national secretary of tlie Knights of
Labor, and when that organisation
broke up, he turned to Socialism
• ihe last decade he has lived
here in obscurity.
Investigation Was Hampered by Railroad
Railway "disasters" are still a
feature on United States railroads,
which have not yet settled with
the railroad workers organizations.
On Wednesday, Nov. 8, a wreck occurred in the State of Washington,
and the Seattle Union Record, In
reporting this wreck, brings out the
following facts:
The cause of the wreck of the
two locomotives hauling the Oreat
Northern fast mail train, near Oold
Bar recently, which resulted in the
losa of the lives of, two engineers
and two firemen, was defective
This fact was determined by a
committee from the shop-crafts,
after a careful Investigation. The
defects were due to company officials Ignoring the law, which Is
supposed to govern inspection of
locomotives, care and .equipment.
for protection of train crews ahd
the /travelling public, -and to the
lack of competent workmen to
make repairs since the strike started July 1.
The report of tbe committee,
whose Invest! gatlona at the scene
of the wreck were hampered by
railway detectives who endeavored
to prevent all but a favored few to
"trespass" upon the right-of-way In
the vicinity of the wreck, was verified by Deputy Coroner FIckel, so
far as concerned the most vital
Not Fit
Engineer Thomas Brown, of
the helper locomotive sent down
from'SkykomiBh to aid in pulling the train "over the hill," had
reported to* the roundhouse foreman that the locomotive was not
tit to be sent out. The hub liners on the pony truck had worn
out, he said, allowing about two
Inches of dangerous play. Brown's
report and recommendation that
the locomotive be sent in for repairs were ignored, and he was
ordered to take It down and meet
the train at Oold Bar.
Positive  evidence  was  found
that the squallier spring on the
pony truck had dropped out of
place, 110 rail lengths before the
locomotive reached the switch at
the Relter gravel pit, where the
truck was thrown out of place,
when the locomotive bit the west
switch and caused the locomotive to leave the rails.
From the point where the spring
dropped out to the switch the worn
and  sharp  flanges  of the  truck-
wheels sheared  off nearly all the
bolts of the plates connecting the
rails on the inside of the right-hand
rail wherever there was a slight
curve In the track.
Difficulties for Wreckers
Removal of the wreck and restoration of traffic was delayed
about 18 hours, until 11:30 Wednesday night, because of difficulty
In getting the wreckers into positions where effective work could be
done. On one side was a bank
more than 100 feet high, white the
right hand rail was but a few feet
from the SkykomlBh river.
Lee Williamson nnd  English,
(Continued on page I)
Workers  Party  Decides
Policy in State of
(By the Federated Press)
Chicago—Campaign efforts this
fall in Illinois of tbe Workers Party
will he devoted to helping elect the
candidates of tbe Karmer-Labor
Ptirty, according to announcement
by Chas. Krumbcln, district organizer, Workers Party of America.
The party will continuo to push
its own programme with lis ultimate aim of a worker republic, but
thc Michigan red rulds and other
attacks by t he government have
Interfered with Its Immediate political plans, Krumbein states.
"In thus advising tbe workers of
Illinois," the announcement reads,
"we assume responsibility neither
for the programme of tbo Farmer-
Labor Party nor for its candidates.
We must tell you frankly that the
Farmer-Labor Party as ot present
constituted nnd led, is not (he sort
of u political party of tbe working
class tbat can lead lbe workers'
struggle for political power aud
against capitalism.
'However, the Labor organizations of Illinois that constitute and
support tite Farmer-Labor Parly
are on the right road. Knowing as
we do that the Farmer-Labor Party
of Illinois is tbe stuunchest champion of the idea of independent
political action in the ranks of organized labor in America, nn Idea,
which Ih the backbone of our own
party, we cannot but greet nnd encourage every sincere attempt ma('c
In this direction by the Labor organization of Illinois. It Is because
of this, when wo find ourselves ta
Illinois "lth nn ticket on the ballot
tve pay to lbe workers of Illinois,
vote for tbe candidates of the learner-Labor Party'."
Try your neighbor for a subscript
ion. FAGE two
mtPAY Ko .amber 17,
Published every Friday morning by The B. C,
1129 Hoive Street
Editorial Ofllce:
300, 319 Pender Street West
Editorial Board:
P. R.
Betigougrh, B. II. Neelands,
J. . I.
George Bartley.
Subscription Kates: Unltod Statea and Foreign, $3.00
per year; Canada, S2.50 per year, $1.30 for six
months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per
member per month.
Vnlty of Labor:   The Hopo of thc World
.November 17. 1922
The British Elections and Labor's
New Responsibilities
rpHK BRITISH ELECTIONS arc over, and
*t while, at the time of writing^ full returns
are nol to hand, there is sufficient evidence to
denote that tho Liberal Party is a thing of thc
past, and that the Labor members will constitute the official opposition group in the
mother of parliaments. Incidentally, thc tool
of the ruling class, David Lloyd George, the
political wizard, is no longer a figure in British
politics. He has bcen discarded by his masters,
and they have placed new men at thc head of
affairs, and Labor will never reinstate him in
his position of power. Such is the fate of political tools at all times.
* •      #
Thc significant feature of the election is,
however, thc. elimination of the Liberal Party
as a factor in British politics. The ground is
now cleared of an organization whioh has always claimed to be thc friend of Labor, while
in effect and intent, it was the instrument of
the ruling class clothed in a new garb. But as
the struggle between capital and Labor has
become keener, the camouflage had to be stripped from thc struggle and the lines of demarcation made more distinct.
* *      •
The struggle in thc British Isles is now not
between Conservatives and Liberals, with Labor
a bad third, but a struggle between capital and
Labor. In other words, the class struggle
stands revealed in all its nakedness. It is war
to the knife. When thc real rulers of Great
Britain ditched Lloyd George, they did so because they recognized thc nature of the class
struggle, and recognizing just what it meant,
they decided to take control and direct -the
government in the interests of the class which
lives by the exploitation of Labor.
As timo goes on the struggle will become
keener. The returns to hand indicate that
while Labor was not able to obtain a majority
of scats, the working class candidates came
pretty near to securing a majority of votes.
Labor members majorities appear to be large,
while thc majorities of the Conservatives are
(mall in comparison.
* *      »
But Labor in the Old Land has now new
responsibilities to face. While the new power
will give the Labor members some opportunities, it will also call on them to develop and to
come to a recognition of the class struggle. To
wage war against an enemy without the knowledge of the basis of the fight, is futile; the new
- political line-up of the ruling class is based on
a knowledge of the nature of thc class struggle,
but the Labor Party, as now constituted, has
in its programme denied that struggle, but time
and the rank and file will force this knowledge
on the new members of thc opposition, or sweep
them into oblivion, and a new alignment bc
made with the workers having a knowledge of
the issue between capital and labor on the onc
hand, fighting for liberty, and thc ruling
class on thc other, fighting for its existence.
The Eight-hour Day and
"THOSE who follow thc political comedies
* staged at Victoria during the sessions of thc
Provincial House, -will remember thnt last
year, when Major Burde introduced his eight-
hour bill in the house, and the vote was taken,
the division in thc ranks of the contending old
parties, wero not so clearly defined. In fact,
Honest John and AV. J. Bowser, joined hands
and opposed this bill, and the result was that
it was defeated.
_ Whnt the result will be on this occasion, thc
bill having again been introduced, we cun only
surmise, but when the member for South Vancouver introduced his nmendment to thc
Speech from thc Throne on thc unemployed
question during the first week of tlie present
session, thc opposition members lined up with
thc lnbor representatives. It would bc sheer
stupidity to imagine lhat they did this in the
desire to secure relief for lhe unemployed, nud
it is quite safe to imagine that it was done for
polilienl purposes nnd with a desire to embarrass the government.
»      #      #
But the cight-hout' quostion is another matter. This affects not n political situation, but
the employors, To ombnrass thc government
is a logical proceeding for the opposition, but
to place restrictions on the profits of thc lumber barons would be nnother thing. Consequently we may sec a repetition of what happened last year, and Major Burde's bill ngnin
•      •      •
Last year, dealing with the eight-hour ques-
Mon, we pointed out that if the bill wus passed,
.'he men who would benefit the most by it, tho
lumberworkcrs, must orgnnize to enforce it.
The laws which arc on the statute books nt thc
present time for the safety and health of the
workers in camps, nre observed more in the
breach than in their observance, but yet the
workers hnve not soon the necessity for organizing. But when thc lumber workers were
organized und fighting, they were nblc to coin-
pel some employers to clean up thcir cattle
pens and give thcir slnves something like decent conditions.
While the employers am organized to resist
nny legislation which i.i oposed to their interests, thc workers are apathetic. Strong representations arc being mnde by the employors to
the government ns tn why the oighwiour Inw
should not be pnssed.^ This is but natural,
when it is considered thai even in industries
where thc eight-hour day has been established
nnd maintained in the past, efforts are being
made by tho employers to increaso the hours
of labor. This is not a local matter, but a
world-wide situation, and strong representations should be made to the government at this
time to have the eight-hour bill passed.
* * *
While every effort should be made to have
the eight-hour day made compulsory by Inw, it
should bc remembered that in thc year 1919
organized labor in this province demanded thc
six-hour day, and started out to organize for
tlie securing of a still shorter working day.
The objective has not been achieved, but a reverse has been met with, and more will be faced
by (the workers of this province if they do not.
wake up and organize in every mill, mine and
factory in the province. In fact, it is high
time that strenuous efforts were mado to bring
nil workers, hand and brain, into the ranks of
organized labor, nud secure such conditions in
industry whicli the legislators of the old political stripes will never pass in the legislature or
in any other place. Class interests dominate
thc old political parties, and the ruling class
controlling them does not intend that they
shall give laws to the workers which are
against tho interests of those who fatten on
the toil of the wealth producers.
The Immigation "Needs" of
MINISTKBS of the Crown are supposed to be
-" men of broad vision, statesmen, and
gifted with qualities which other men do not
possess, except in a very limited degree. But
if the statements made in the Provincial House
by the Minister of Lands, thc Hon. T. D. Pattullo, on thc question of immigration, are a criterion, he has none of these qualities. In fact,
the very press which supports him and the government of which he is a member, has published
information wliich shows that the.o is no need
for an aggressive immigration policy such as
the Minister of Lands would have put into
effect, but on the contrary, shows that there
arc more men here now than can be absorbed
either by industry or agriculture.
• *      •
Mr. Pattullo is of the opinion that sufficient
emigrants cannot bc secured from Great
Britain to fill Canada's needs, so he advocates
securing them from other lands, but in view of
tlie "White B. C." resolution of the Hon. Mr.
Sloan, he insisted that all immigrants should
be white people.
«  . *    4
When it is realized thnt thc Employment
Service of Canada has sent out warnings to
other parts of the country to the effect that
there is no work in B. C.; that the police authorities of Alberta and other prairie points
arc informing the unemployed that it would bo
better for them to beat it on thc first freight
train; and that there are hundreds of miners
idle in thc coal fields of the Crow's Nest Pass,
and the Bast is in a similar condition, we cannot sec wherein the Minister of Lands, if seeking thc welfare of the people, can claim he has
a brorid vision or in any way resembles a statesman.
•   o *     *     *
But the Minister of Lauds wants agriculturists and only the men necessary to develop our
industries.. A farmer from the Okanagan conn-
try visited a friend in Vancouver last week and
informed him that all he eould get for his corp
of apples was from fifteen to twenty-five cents
per box. Press rcponts have appeared in the
local press which intimates that in many districts it lias not paid thc fruit growers to send
their crops to market, while thc industries of
this part, of thc eountry pannot absorb thc
men and women already here. But wc need an
aggressive immigration policy, says our
"statesman" from the north.
♦ *     #
Having examined the spoken word of the
Minister of Land'!, we niight now examine his
motive iu suggesting thnt Canada'ean absorb
three hundred new immigrants per year. The
develop,, out of industry, from the capitalist
viewpoint, is to carry on industry nt the lowest possible cost. Thc farmer is needed, just
as much us the industrial worker, in order that
thc present industrial system ciih be carried on,
nud the cheaper thc farmer and thc city laborers
or artisans are, thc cheaper industry can bc
operated. But labor is not cheap when it is
scarce, and the greater the surplus of labor
power on the market the keener thc competition for jobs, and the lower the wages. Surely
our Minister of Lands docs not desire to bring
about such conditions as would make it impossible for the employer to secure cheaper
labor thau he can now obtain. The Asiatic standard has been pretty nearly reached in this
province, and any great influx of a further surplus of workers, would soon reduce them to
the standard of living of a Chinese coolie iu
thc most backward parts of China. Wc trust
that thc Minister of Lands has higher ideals
than this, hut his remurks, on this question, at
least, denote that he docs not know what it is
to bc out of a job and standing on the brend
line for a handout.
It is only a short time ago that the press of
this country was gloating over the "defeat of
Lahor" in the civic elections. Wc wonder whnt
they think now that the Lubor Party is the
official opposition to the government.
Winston Churchill has often stated that Lahor is not fit to govern. Evidently his constituents in Dundee had not a very high opinion of
his governing powers, as they rejected him on
Wednesday. Poor Winnie, his political career
is finished.
With food riots in Germany, and the government compelled to resign, the situation looks
more than promising, and with thc British Labor victory, the rulers who have ruled while
the people starved, arc not feeling so sure of
tlieir tenure of power.
The living wage got an awful shock in the
United States when thc Railroad Labor Board
of that country came to tho conclusion that a
"living wage was just, IK not practicable."
Possibly nomc of those persons wlio do not like
lubor pnpers, and especially the views expressed in them, may sec the truth when it is put up
lo them by tlieir mnsters servants. A living
wage is not practicable; in fact wages denote
Hint there is dome exploitation going on, and
the wage earner is the sufferer, even when he
is getting a wnge, which is not often these
Collapse of Mark Causes
Turmoil in Germany
—H    I '
(Continued   from   page   1)
but that they cannot shut their
oyes to the fact that the whims ol
tho Entente which Is holding Germany in bondage, are far more
powerful than is th-v.perman government. And so thoy blame the
sitUHtion in which the trade union
movement finds itself on to th*
former  enemy  courses.
The Communists t#k,e ismie with
this point of view.' Thoy 'argue
that one reason for -the plight o,
the workers la the coalition policy
of the Socialists with bourgeois
parties—a policy which js supported by tho leadership of tho German trado union movement. They
contend- that neither the newiy-
formeil United Socfallst Party not
the General Federation ol' Free
Trade Unions Ih capable of following a truly Socialistic policy, becnuso they are tied hand and font
through their alliance with the
Catholic Centre, the Democrats
and, as will probably soon be the
caso, tho German People's Party
of Hugo Stinnes. f
Organize Congress
They are accordingly trying to
mobilize the rank and file against
what tbey call tho trade union
bureaucracy. The organism which
thoy are utilizing for thla purpose
Is tho "Betrfebsrat"—tho shop
council. They are now organizing
a national congress of shop delegates, who were originally to have
come to Berlin Oct. 22, but who
will now not be called for at least
another month, since the work of
preparing such a national congress Is, after all, a pretty big
The movement started in September, when the shop councils of
Berlin, that are overwhelmingly
Communistic, elocted a committee
of fifteen, which was In1 turn to
call a meeting of delegates from
the principal centres of Germany.
On Oct. 1, a number of demonstrations were arranged by the
Communists in leading German
citios, in which resolutions were
passed demanding the calling of a
national shop delegates -convention. TJLith these resolutions as a
background, the above mentioned
meeting of delegates issued an appeal for- a national convention.
The central executive committee
of the Gorman Federation of Froo
Trade Unions Issued a statement
specifically advising the workers
to pay no attention to this Communistic manoeuvre.
Things, then, at this writing,
stand as follows: The call for a
national convention bas been issued by a group of Communistic
shop council chairmen. A motion
by Robert Dissmann, president of
the Metal Workers Urtion. who la
a Socialist from the former independent camp, that the General
Federation should take the wind
out of the sails of the Communists by calling such a conference
on Its own initiative, has been defeated. Both sides are eagerly
awaiting tbe events of the next
few weeks, for tbe coming National convention Is more ,t_nn
likely to end in a split of 'the
trade union movement'and Its division into Socialistic and Cdm-
munistic workera. Oho leading
trude unionist at general headquarters estimated that ns many
as two million workers of the
eight million organized within the
General Federation may split off.
Many Commu.nfi.tH, on the other
hand, say tbat they will under no
circumstances leave the federation—unless indeed tliey are forced out of It. It would be Idle for
mc to attempt to forec»3_ what
will happen. I can merely puss
these two estimates on.
Pacifist Congress
One of the noteworthy events
of the month of October has been
Ihe Pacifist congress held lu Lelpslc, at which prominent trade
unionists took leading parts on
the programme. The British and
American conscientious objectors
were singled out for special praise
and their exumpic recommended
to German war objectors. Resolutions wero also adopted approving of tho genernl strike as a
means of averting imminent war.
As tho misery of the German
poople grows apace, there is quito
naturally a yearning for the 'flesh-
pots of Egypt." Forgetting that
the autocratic and monarchic system of Kaiser days Is responsible
lor the present catastrophe, many
unthinking people are praying for
a roturn to pro-war conditions.
Small wonder, then, that iponar-
chlsin Is rearing its head more
boldly evory dayt Accordingly we
find vnrious organizations grouping themselves together and attempting lo hold o meeting in
Berlin on Oct. 15, under the auspices of the "Bund fuer Frelhelt
und Ordnung," tbe purpose of
which was to groom a monurchfs-
tli: candidate, old Field Marshal
von Hlndenburg, for tho presidency. Finding thut the authorities did nothing to prevont this
meoting, oven though tho "Law
for the Protection of tho Republic," passod Im mod lately after tho
every opportunity for doing so, tbe
Until ■■•nan murder, gnvo them
every opportunity for doing so, the
Communists declared in tbo "Rote
Fahne" that thoy would lnl_o(tbe
matter Into their own hands 'and
break up tbo moeting. The threat
was not an empty ono—as. eunly
as 7 o'clock on the Sunday! on
which tho meeting was to convene
at 10, thoy arrived at thd "Circus
Bunch," took partial possession of
thc hall, and shock troops of tho
monarchists arrived, engnged In a
hand-to-hand encounter wtth tbem.
There wero many bruised, about
two dozen mon on both sides
wounded (somo rather seriously),
and one Communist, Pioske, killed. By 0:30 finally, th'e police
tardily arrived and, to mako up
for lout time, Sunday and a part
of Monday, wore used tb arrest
Communists, The fact that tlio
chief of police Is a Socialist did
not help to decrease '.he excitement Into which tbo whole working clnss has been thrown. In
fact, tbo Socialist Prussian minister of the interior. Severing, took
pains in tbo Prussian diet to disown Ills'comrade and to declare
that tbo meeting should have boen
doclarod illcgut in the flrst place,
and tho "Bund fuor Frelhelt und
Ordnung" dissolved. Most of the
Communists have since been re-
leas I'd.
Another outstanding event of
the month has been the decision
of tbo coalition parties to call off
the proposed presidential flections
set for Dec. 3, and simply to
change Frledrloh Ebert, Soclaliit,
from a provisional president to a
regularly constituted and const!-
inoional ono until Juno 30, 1925.
As nothing is dono in the coalition
without political trading, the prediction seems justified that the
German People's Party will have
i Stinnes man as foreign minister
in ths Place of tho late Dr. Rathenau.
In Austria
Iu Austria everything Is overshadowed by the proposal which
Premier Seipel brought back with
him after his tour through various Entente countries, and his
conferences with tho "big fellows"
at the League of Nations meeting
In Geneva. Tbis proposal Is nothing more or les3 than that Aus-
ria ahall become an industrial and
economic stave of the Entente. All
ttnaticlal control will be vested in
ber victors;. Austria will be controlled and supervised by her former enemies tn return for a financial loan of 630 million gold
crowns. *
The capitalistic parties of Austria are willing to accept these
terms, To them the idea of Entente control is attractive, because thoy are themselvea powerless against the workers, and they
seo in Allied control a moans of
keeping tho workera ln check. The
workers, on the other hand, of
whatever political shad**, oppose
the pact proposed by Dr. Seipel.
As the national convention of the
Socialist Party happened to come
about this time, that gathering
took occasion In no uncertain
terms, to condemn this attompt of
capitalism to fasten Its grip upon
thc Austrian masses, and thus to
destroy what few fruits of the revolution there still remained. On
Oct. IS, forty-three simultaneous
mass meotings of the workers took
Place throughout Vienna—all of
them filled to the last available
seat—and in each of them, protest
was uttered against the proposed
enslavement of Austria.
The most Important industrial
conflict of tbe month has been tho
Canadian National Union of
Ex-Service Men
«t 8 p.m.
Spukm:   O, Marry tBd r. vtdWse
(IcUrnittonfti pthgatot)      *
strike of the 200,000 metal workers of Austria. The metal work*
era claim a two-fold victory with
regard to wages, the omployers
havo had to consent to an Increase of 80.0 per cent, for the
least paid, and 58.8 per cent, for
the best paid classes of workers.
Secondly, and more important, a
collective agreement has been perfected by which wagos nre automatically to be adjusted horeafter
in accordance with the index figure for tlie coat of living. This
arrangement, It Is cofltended, rules
out tho dangor of a  fall  in Yea!
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Once Upon a Time
—BOineont romp] nine J about lba
iuQMt-iii of Engl-ib cIdUiji—thtrir
laok of atyle. If It was a woman
aha woald promptly ebanftt bar
tune, aad purcbaae ons of tba
striking Tope-Mitt maif of Eifliih
tlesee or blan'-ot cloth, cut clroular,
unbellad and allowing   a   atriklng
Clald baek ovtry tint*  tbt  wind
Famous %W-_7
Its HASTINOS ST.. Near Oraaville
aud Nou-aleotaoHo irtnea of nil
Ring up Phone Soymour 235<
tor appointment
Dr. W. J. Curi?
Suite   SOI   Dominion   Building
Kindling Freo
1110 (JKANVU-LE Sey. 8280
Cigar Store
liet Oeorfla Stmt
Sender services, 11 a,nh and 7:80 -p.n
Sundny school Immediately foUewii*
moi'nlnf service. Wednesday leetimonif
meeting:, S p.n. Pree Medina roon
1101-903   Bill. Jllda.
In tbat dark hour whan sympathy and bait aarvlu count ao.
muoh—call up
Ptteae/atnteat W
Prompt Ambulance Srrrlca
"A Good Placo to Kit*
WHEN your telephone la left accidental!], off the hook, it r«giatem
the same aa a call at central. If tht
operator gala no reapoaM lo bar
"Number, please," tne number ia
handed over to tha repairing forcea
la being out of order. All thta in-
volrea teata, reports and time. Ia
tbe meetntime, no oho gets you oa
jonr telephono.
"\)(. tho hook" la a Tcrjr common taunt of interruption to telephone senrict. By the .'Xt-rclit of
caro in this connection you will pro-
tuct your tervfeo and avoid jncu_><
venionee to yourwlf and others.
B.  O.  TELEPHONE  00.
Ask for
"It Can't Be Beat"
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind    ■
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
Phonos:  Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1 TO-DAY Novembor IT, 1923
The Gateway to Health—
If you want health, look to your teeth—
they have more to say about your health
than you imagine.
Nothing is as harmful as the exuding of
■ ■ pus from diseased teeth—yet seven out of
ten persons have ono or more abscessed
teeth—get this poison iuio the blood—into
/ food—and do not realize the danger. Diseased teeth, absolutely demand treatment in
the interests of health. If such is your case
—or if you suspect so—see me at onco.
Health is precious—once lost it is hard to
Every Modern
Method und
—tlie most fclontido
methods fur tlio' prevention of piin.
—Full X-ray facilities at Ihu svrvioe of
every patient,
—ivy own complete*
ly equipped laboratory.
—Modontto prices.
—KX proas lon    Teeth
a   specialty-
Phone for appointment
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 Hastings Street Weat
Bank ot Nova Scotia Building
Phone Seymour 8331
DK. BUF.'l'T ANUBBSON, formerly armbor et lbs rurally sf tb.
l'-llejco of Dentlitry, UniV-riitjr of Southern California, Locturtr ',.
Crown snd llrldsowork, _t._ion.tr.tor in Flstowork snd Oper.tlr.
UctitUtry, Loesl snd 0«_»r_l An_eethe.lt. ,
Vancouver Unions
Council—President, It II. Keelandt.,
V.L.A.; genoral aeeretary, Percy R. liuu*
gough. UiSce: 308, 319 Ponder St. W.
Phono Soy. 7495. Meeta tn Labor Hall at
• p.m. on tha flrat ud third Tueadaya
jn mouth.
eil—Meets    seoond    Honday    In   tba
month.    Preaident,  J.  R.  White;   secre-
Ury, K. H. Neelanda, P. 0. Box 66.
MocU second Thursday eitty   month,
119 Pender St. W.   Pruldent, J. Bright-
weoll; finanoial aeoretary, H. A. Bowroa,
»B49  Burni  St,	
tlonal Union el America—Local 120.
Vancouver, B.C., meata aucund and fourth
Tuesdays tn each month In Room 813, lit
Pendor Street West. President, 0. E.
Hcrrett, 71 Hastinga St. E. Si-crutary,
A, R. Jul, 320 Cambia SL Shop phoaa,
Bay. 1T08. Roildanw phone, Doug. 2171R.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and
Helper* ol America, Local 194—Mat-tings
Irat and third Mondaya in Mch month.
President, P. WilUi; aeoretary, A, Vruor.
Offloe: Room 803—^119 Pender SI. W.
Offl co _______ 0 to 11 ajn. and S to 5 p.m.
Green, 958 Hornby St. Phono Soy. 7043R.
Recording Secrotary, W. Chandler, 1631
Pelt Ave., North Vanconver,
need brieklayera or masons for holler
worka,   eta.,   or   Marble   setters,   phtna
Brieklayera' Union, Labor Temple.
pentara and Joiners, Loeal 45U—Prnel*
dent,  Wm.  Dunn;    recording    seeretary.
Oeo. Snell; busineu agent, Oeo. H. Hardy.
OBce:    Room 804, 819   Pender   St.  W.
Meets second and fourth Mondays, 8 p*m.,
*°°m.!__J.19 Pender St. W. _____
flrst nnd third Fridays in each month,
tt  148 Cordora  Bt.   W.    President,   J.
Whilft  3405   Pender St. E.;   Secretary
Tma«n_.. Gsc. Harrison, 1885 Woodland
Drift, • .
dorth Bt. W.—Educational meetinga
•very .Sunday evening, 8 o'clock. Business meetinga every WeducRday eveninif.
R. P. Pettipiece, chairman; E. H. Morn
■on, sec-tress.; J. Bennett, corresponding
aeeretary.  .
Union, Local 28—441 Beymour Stroet.
Meets Srat and third Wednesdaya at 2.30
fm, Seeond nnd fourth Wednesdaya at
■30 p.m. Executive botrd meets every
Tuesday tt 2 bjs. Pnaldent W. Colmar.
Business agent, A. Oraham. Phone Sey.
UNION OP CANADA—An industrial union of til workers in log-
Sag ud construction camps. Coast Dls*
let tnd Oeneral Headoutrters, 61 Cordovt Bt. W, Vuconver. ». a Phono Sty.
1856. J. M. Clarke, genoral secrotary-
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Biro,
Macdonald * Co., Vancouver. B. C.; auditors, Messrs. Buttar A Chiene, Vancou-
yer, B. C.
Ed. Dawson; secretary, R. Hirst; busl-
■use sgsnt, P. K. Bongough. Office: 809,
819 Pender St W. Meets in Room 3.
810 Pender* St. W., on aecond tnd fourth
Tuesday  In month.	
Leo Ooorgn; secretary, J. 0. Keefe;
business agent, P. R. Bengough. Office:
809, 819 Pender St. W. Meots iu Room
813, 319 Pender St. W. oa first tnd third
Thursdays in month.
j ratora tnd Paperhangers of America.
Local 188, Vancouver—Meets 2nd tnd
dth Thursdaya tt 148 Cordova St. W.
Phone Sey. 8491. Buainess agent, R. A.
Dock Buildors, Local No. 3404—Meets
In Labor Hall, 819 Pender St. \V.. every
2nd and 4th Friday tt 8 p.m. Jas. Thotnp-
aon, Fliian clal SecreUry,
135 Cordova St. W., P. 0. Box 571.
Phone Sey. 8708. Meetings) every Mnn-
day 7 y.m. P. Hockaday. Business Agm-t.
B. C.—Formerly Plrem-.n and Oilera'
Union of British Columbia—Meet in e
nights, flr.it Tuosday and third Frtdny of
each month at 318 Cordova W. President.
R. Thorn; vice-president, R. Morgan;
secretary*treasurer, W. Donaldson. Address, 813 Cordova St. W-, Vancouver,
B.C. Victoria Brunch Agent's address. W.
Francis. 667 Johnson St., Victoria, B.C.
Operating Engineers, Loral 844, meetH
every Thursday at 6 p.m., Room 807
Labor  Temple.     Secretary-Treasurer,    N.
Railroad Wreck
Caused by Neglect
(Continued from page 1)
company  detectives, refused  to
permit   Bpoctators   to   approach
near   the   wreck.    Two  photographers and several of the shop
crafts committee, however, succeeded in obtaining evidence that
will be of valuo to tho coroner
and  Interstate Commorco Commission—if   thoso   porsons   with
authority to act are permitted to
use that evidence in placing tho
blame for the killing of the two
engine crews.
Tho effort of one of the detectives to bar a husky lumberjack in
the  employ of the Wallace Falls
Timber  Company from inspecting
tho wreck at long range from tho
highway, met with positive opposition and the gunman retired as
gracefully as possible.   The logger
was  ordered  by  the  detective  to
"move on,' 'to get off tbo highway.
Asked what authority ho had for
Issuing such an order, the detective
displayed his badge.
"That don't go here," the logger
is quoted as saying. "Better throw
it in the river.   If you don't I will."
Empl-iyeee,  Pioneer Division, No.  101
—Meots K. P. Hall, 8th and Elngsway,
1st and Srd Mondaya at 10:18 a.m. and 7
Ski. Preaident, F. A. Hoover, 2400 Clarke
rive; recording-aecrctary, F. E. Griffin,
447—Oth Avonue East; trealbifr, 4. F.
Andrew; flnancial-iecretarr and business agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Street; office, corner Prior and Main
Sts.   Phone Fair. 3604R.
JouBnEvmES FaTLoS?  i'moa  ur
America, Local No. 178— Meetings held
flnt Monday In each month, 8 p.m. President, A. R. Getenby; vice-president, Mra.
Dolk; recording aeeretary, C. McDonald,
P. 0. Box 508; financial secretary, P.
McNei.h, P. 0. Box 508.
Soviet Rusaia, Vancouver branch, meeta
first tnd third Sundays each month, 2
p.m., at 61 Cordovt St. W. For information write to branch secretary, 8.T.A.S.R.,
61 Cordova St W., Vancouver, B^ C.	
President, Wm. Sklnnor; vice* pres Ident,
A. Tuoker; aecrotary-treasurtr, R. H.
Noeland... P. 0. Box 66. Meeta laat
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
No- 387—President J. J. Begg, vice-
president. R- J. Stewart; aecretary-tr.assurer, L. 0. Gilbert, P. 0. Box 476, Nanalmo, B. C.
Provisions, Fresh
Meats, Groceries
Stores 4 Stores
123 Hustings St. E Se}-. S__3
S260 Main St Fair. 168-
11.0 Granvillo St. Sey, 0110
830 Granville St Sey.   800
Prompt and EOlcIuiit Service
Fresh Meats
Finest Quality Meats at
Moderate Prices
Choice Steer Oven Rousts from,
per lb 10c
Choice Steer Pot Rousts from,
per lb Sc
Choice Steor Boiling Beef from.
per lb 6c
Choice Prime Ribs of Beef from,
per lb 18c
Choico Hump Roasts from,  per
lb 20c
We havo another shipment of
small Pork Shoulders. Theso
are cut from prime grain-fed
hogs    and    nre    very    firm.
Special, per lb ltU&c
Phone Your Orders Early
Choice Meaty Rousts or Lamb,
per lb. ItS&c.
Legs of Prime Lamb, lb Site
Loins of Prime Lamb, lb SOe
Choice Roust of Vcul from, per
lb 10c
Loin of Veal, whole or half, per
ih aac
Leg of Veal from, lb 20c
Choice Stowing Veul, 2 lbs. ..2fle
Choice Meaty Routs    of    Pork,
grain fed nnd firm, weighing!
from 2 to 8 lbs.    Speciul ut,
per lb.  _, 23 !^c
Stater's Famous Cottage
Rolls; no bono, no skin;
beautiful rolls, from 4 to 8
lbs. each.; reg. 30c lb. Alteration Sate
price, lb	
Slater's Famous Alberta Creamery Butter,
3 lbs. for ...
B.  C. Storage   Eggs,   every
egg guaranteed.    Alteration
Sale price,
3 dozen for
All at Slater's
The Dardanelles Question
In Terms of Naphtha
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Defdffns, Wedding Bouquet.-., Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seed.*., Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Ilastlnjrs St. E. 2—STORES—2 605 Gram We St.
Key. !KiS-U72 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS"       Sey. 051 _t-1.till
vBy Karl Radek)
*■ leading organ of English liberalism, lights up in the clearest possible manner the idea of the fight
for the Straits, when lt writes that
the meaning of the fetish of the
opening of the Straits, which
threatened. the life and peace of
millions was nothing else than the
right to be able to send warships,
and In the first place English warships, to the Black Sea, and that
there were only two motives for
this demand: first the fear of a
war with Soviet Russia, and secondly, the anxiety on account of
With regard to the first of these
motives we need not waste many
words. The English government
knows that Soviet Russia does not
desire any war with England, that
on the contrary, she ls striving for
peace and tho strengthening of
economic relations with England,
who ls economically the strongest
European power. If England therefore regards it as nocessary to keep
the Straits under her control (under the flag of tho League of Nations), it means that tho English
government has not decided''to live
In peace wtth Soviet Russia and
that she wishes to reserve to herself
the possibility of despatching her
warships to the Black Sea in the
event of war? With regard to the
[•second motive, the anxiety on account of naphtha,—this side of the
question is no less important, and
perhaps plays at the present moment a much more important role
than the possibility of a war with
Soviet Russia. Notwithstanding,
very little attention has been de-
voted to this question. Naphtha
shuns the light of open discussion.
Kemal Pasha was the first to
touch this question In his interview with the correspondent of the
Chicago Tribune.
ThU correspondent snid to His
Excellency, that every one who
knew the part that naptha played
In international politics must understand tbat Great Britain must
socure herself the entrance to the
groat naptha wells, for oherwise
she would cease to exlat as Great
Britain, He then suggested that
the question of the naphtha wells In
Mesopotamia had a much greater
importance than the question of the
Straits. He therefore asked Ke-
mal's opinion upon the attitude of
the Turkish national government
towarda the endeavors of the British to socure the approach to tho
Mesopotamia naptha wells. Journalists are often In the habit of
asking questions upon which the
person, interviewed desires to
speak, and Kcm.il Pasha therefore
replied that the district in question
was ln the province of Mozul,
which lies within the territory mentioned iu the national pact (that is
to say, that thc Angora government
does not recognise he Engliah nutu-
date in Mosul, but regards Mosul
as Turkish territory); that tho majority of the population of this district consists of Turks; thut ho did
not think tbe occupation" of this
district wns necessary to the exploitation ot the naptha wells. Nobody hud any thin? againat the exploitation of Turkish naphtha by
America, who hns no political alms
'In Turkey. If England wero to
adopt the same standpoint, lt
would, in bis view, be much more
In reply to ihe correspondent's
question whether lf -Skreat Britain
were to decide on the evacuation
of Turkish territory in Mesopotamia it could still have tho possibility of exploiting the naphtha
wells there, Kemal Pasha replied
thut It would have the same rights
there as other people.
General Morris, tho Constantinople correspondent of the Daily
News, points out in regard to this,
what Kemal Pasha was silent over.
He reports that In the treaty concluded with the Angora government, by Franklin-Bouillon in the
name of thet French govern ment,
Turkey promised France naphtha
concessions in return for her support against England In Mozul, and
that the negotiations wero under
way. The Americnn newspapers
report thut the American Chester
Corporation whieh, already before
ihe war, had endeavored lo develop its economic activities in
Turkey, was now negotiating with
Angora with regard to naphtha.
Naphtha is now beginning to
light up the Dardanelles question,
and much that was hitherto con-
coiled from the public eye now
comos to thc surface. It is quite
probable that the naphtha lump re-
veulod Its full light to the pacifist
Lloyd George when he ntttleJ his
sabre on thc ICth of September.
The question of the imphtha
wells of Mozul has a very long history; we eau here refer to the most
important facts which are neces-
saty for uit understanding of tho
further development of lho Near
Eastorn question.
In 1916. England concluded n
treaty with France, which secured
the predominating influence of
Franco In Mosul. And after tho
conclusion of the armistieo, Mr.
Deterlng, thc head of the Royal
Dutch Shell which stands In* close
relationship with the English government, turned to Clemencoau
with the declaration, that ho was
ready to offer assistance to tbe
French government In the naphtha
undertakings which thc peace
treaty allotted to France. "These
negotiations lasted vory long, until
finally, on April 16th, ll»20, Franco
concluded the San Remo agreement
with England which defined the
imphtha relations of both countries
in the British colonies of North
Africa, in Roumania and Mesopotamia.
In this treaty the firitish government [rledges itself to make
good to France 25 per cent, of
the English exploitation of naphtha In Mesopotamia on the basis
of the current prices. If, bow-
ever, a privato company should
undertake the exploitation of the
Mesopotamia naphtha industry,
the Bi'ltlsh governmont is
pledged to grant the French government 25 per cent, of the
shares of tbis company. Tho
price of these shares must not
bo reckoned higher than the
price paid by other .shareholders
In the company. Such a company shall bo under constant
British management.
The Engliah government upholds tbe agreement on the basla
' of which tho French govornment
is to receive from the Anglo-
Persian company 25 per cent, of
the naphtha conveyed from Persia by moana of the» naphtha
pipes to the Black Sea. These
pipes can be paid ln auy district
over which France has a mandate. Franco will render assistance fn the construction of
naphtha pipes. A special treaty
will be concluded between the
French government and the
Anglo-Persian Company regarding the prico of naphtha.
In consideration of which, the
French government permits,: so
far as it appears desirable, the
erection of two special naphtha
pipes and railways which are
necessary for the working of the
wells and for the transportation
of naphtha from Mesopotamia
and Persia through the French
spheres of influence to tho harbor or harbors of the Mediterranean Sea. The harbor or harbors shall be determined by thtt
agreement between the two governments.
If such a naphtha pipe or railway Bhould pass through.French
spheres of Influence, France
agrees to impose no customs or
imposts upon the naphtha conveyed over her territory. Only
the ground owners shall he compensated.
On the other hand, France
agrees to make possible the procuring of the site at the end harbor, necessary for the erection of
magazines, railways, etc. The
naphtha canveyed in thbnnunner
is free from all export and transit customs. The materials for
the setting up of the* naphtha
wells shalt likewise be subject to
no Import duties.
If the naphtha   company   referred to wishes to Tay a naphtha
pipe and railway to the Persian
Gulf,   the   English  government
offers its services in order to procure similar conditions to those
above mentioned.
How   did   it   como   about   that
France renounced her   rights    in
Mozul and only receives    25    per
cent, of the proceeds, not in kind,
but only on the basis of the market
price?    The    English,  government
bused fts claim upon thc fact Lhat
in 1914, before the war,    it   concluded on agreement with German
capitalists and with   the   Turkish
government on the busis of whieh
England was to obtain CO per eent.,
tho Turkish government    25    per
cent, and  the  German  capitalists
25 per cont. of tho naphtha exploitation.    As England now has the
Mesopotamia   mandate,   she   possesses besides the 50 per cont. of
the  old  English  share,  the  right
to the Turkish share, and allows
France the 25 per cent, of the German share.
"The treaty is sacred." Why the
treaty of 1914 is to be sacred and
not that of 1916, is not mentioned
fn the official documents, but this
follows from the events th.it occurred after the conclusion of thp
treaty. In the first case, the English governor in Syria. Emir Faysal; caused tho French great difficulties. England gave up the Faysal policy, und promised France
her support In the reparations
question. France therefore, made
concessions in the naphtha question. How French--public opinion
behaved towards thf_t treaty we ure
informed in thit excellent book of
Debiisy as well as In the book by
Peier Lespagnote, World Struggle
for Naphtha. We only quote here
the heart-outpourings of n French
politician in tbe August number of
Revue tie Paris: j
"French public opinion is thor- |
otiebly nwarb thru the treaty of   I
^ Sevres was only concluded in or-
1 der to Introduce British control
'over ''Turkish naphtha, which
' formerly belonged to Germany
and1 then passed into the pns-
:'session of France. French public
. opinion Is aware that the French
'"government, when it sighed the
'secret and wonderful treaty of
Snn Remo, thereby resigned its
'political independence and con-'
ceded to England not only all the
.wells of Mesopotamia, but also
all those which we could have
acquired in tho colonies, and in
other countries ... Up to
the time of the war France consumed yearly 400,000 tons of
naphtha which were supplied by
the Standard Oil Company. Today France noeds a million tons.
We waste two billion francs annually through the importation
of dear oil, the demand for which
ls continually increasing duo to
the development of aviation and
motoring and of civil aud mill*
tary automobile transport.
. . . If we assert the point of
view that political independence
is the result of free uccess to
naphtha, we come involuntarily
to the conclusion that the treaty
of San Remo is for France precisely similar to the treaty of
Metuen. (Tho treaty of Metuen
in reality converted Portugal into
an English colony.) Let us assume that in tho future France
Is compelled against her will to
conduct a war independently
against those great powers that
have control of naphtha. Of
what use will her mighty army
.be to her, richly equipped with
aeroplanes, tanks and armored
trains? A silent naphtha blockade will suffice in a week or even
less to cripple thc aeroplanes and
the tanks and to bring to a halt
the infantry which will be without means of transport."
"Can this lamentable and
faulty past not be corrected,"
asks the French politician.
In August the French patriot be-1
moaned the lack of naphtha; today
France is attempting to correct the
past with the bayonets and lives
of the Turkish people's army.
The question is whether France
does this in agreement with the
American Standard Oil Trust or at
least, lf the question can be so put,
what attitude will Standard Otl
take to the French attempt at solving the Mozul question.
The-treaty of San Remo was con-
clurtcdiat the time when, after Wilson's downfall. America withdrew
■from European*pot.tics. As soon as
the treaty of San Remo became
known- to the American Govern'
ment it immediately began to fight
it.     r
On jthe 17th of May, three weeks
after ».the signing of the treaty of
Son Remo. the State Department
sent ■ a communication to the
American Senate in which the
sharpest protest is raised against
thp policy of England and against
the njuntiute of the League of Nations. It demands the policy of the
"open door" in all countries possessing naphtha.
There began a diplomatic exchange of notes between the English and American governments, of
whieh only an unimportant portion
wus made public.
England appealed to the saerod-
ness of the treaty of 1J»14 and
pointed out that the Americans had
concluded a similar treaty which
confers on thein the right to exploit naphtha in Palestine and that
England dees not contest this
treaty. America anuwored with the
1 demands, one of whieh is, that
America should be permitted to ex-
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
fron Ontario
p\\COURAG ING reports are now
being rocelvod from the Province of Ontario. About a month
ago. the headquarters of the L. W.
I. U. received an order for some
supp_ie_. to be shipped to Northern
Ontario. The supplies were Immediately forwarded, and at thc end
of last week, word was recoived
that groups had already been s'.ar-
ted at Timmins, Connaught. Sudbury and Sioux Lookout. Arrangements are also being made to get :\
local established at Port Arthur.
rVrt noon as local conditions warra.it
it, u conferenco of tho various
groups in Ontario will be held, in
order that a uniform policy may be
adopted for organisation vtrk In
that province. This is a sign thut
tho workers in that part uf the
country are waiting up lo the crying need of tho hour—Labor union
organisation. These lumber workers were orgunized in 191V and
1920, but were split up by lhe activities of the O. a U., and with
their splitting up, "regional union*'
ism" tactics, and finally all organizations ceased to exist axiom, tbem.
Like a good many more, a numbor
of the loggers in the Bust thought
that the Lumber Workers Union of
Canada was stated for the cemetery,
but in Spite of the attucks of the.
boss loggers, aided, perhaps unconsciously, by alleged working class
brgnnhsaUons, it Is still on top and
dally growing in strength. Time,
the great arbiter of all disputes,
hns proven that industrial unionism, on which the L. W. I. V, le
based, is the correct basis for all
Labor unions. Tho strength of organized lumber workers in Ontario
will bo of great asrilstanco to the
organizod lumber workers in British Columbia.
'da.t. From what cun be seen of
some of tho men he has working
there, it i-j not to be wondered at
Chat he mat'c ih.it remark. They
are rawing by the bushel, hauling
by the lon, and unloading by the
hour. Tlie old top bunks are still
in existonce here; In fact there Is
nothing about the place that would
stand tho inspection of a health
officer, it' (»ne was to come around,
Whicli would be a marvel. OrgunK
ifatlpn and action is the only thing
thnt will clean up tbis joint. Come
en, fellow.), get your shoulder to
the wheal. See thut you are or-
ganlaed, and then clean up this
This outfit Is welt known in this
district, its bost clulm to notoriety
being tho rotten conditions which
exists in thc camps operated by this
company. Another "thing" about
this cnmp which forces it on public attention Is the ex-scab herder
who has charge of tho outfit, This
Individual made lhe remark a short
time ago that ho bud had to beg
for men, nnd use sugar to get thehi', [organizi
but now he could get Ihomi  with
C. P. It.—YAHK, B. C.
Tho homo of the "gypo" anil
piece worker has opened up again,
it i.t not uniisiuil to see "a hunch of
human.., who claim to be men,
packing u loud of axes, saws, eunt-
hoofes, "go-devils" and chains,
Maijkets, rooking outfits, etc., out
to camp. Some of them have even
asked In the office nt Yahk whether [bey should take their own
campa along. No ujine mun would
puck half tbe lond that these
"gypos" are doing; they would let
a mule or horse have the Job. But
Mr., Gypo wants lo hog it all for
himself and beat the mules out of
a Job. For every tie made, the C.
P. II. fakes a quarter of a cent for
compensation. Como on, follows,
stop competing with the mule; give
some of the men who nre out of
work a ch;:nce. Hundreds of men
are Jdle beeau.se of the way you are
willing to work. Quit the "gypo"
game, nnd work for wage;! the same
as hundreds of better men than
you are doing. Shame to the Vikings,of today that thoy are not half
the tj\cn that iheir forefathers were.
pioit halt the amount which the
holders of mandates havt in any
country, but In no com leas than
that which "third parties" obtain.
Translated Into Mesopotamlan
speech thli means that America
proposes the following division ot
the naphtha of Mesopotamia; 50
per cent, to England, 25 per cent.
to America, and 25 per cent, to
At thtt time of the conferences
of Washington, Genoa and the
Hague, uninterrupted negotiations
were conducted over this question
between the Standard Oil Company
on the one side and the Royal
Dutch Shell on the other, as well
as between the governments which
were pulled by the wires of the
naphtha trusts. England made
concessions. John Cadman, the
representative of England in tho
international naphtha council,
wroto In his article in the fourth
number of Keynes' Reconstruction
of Europe with the air of an innocent young Iamb, to tho effect
that he told*the Americans that
the treaty of San Remo was concluded for the purpose of avoiding
possible conflicts with France b*|
reason of the naphtha interests of
Germany and Roumania, and for
the purpose of facilitating the cooperation of French and English
naphtha groups in Russia and
Mesopotamia and In the English
colonies; that this treaty was not
directed against America, Italy or
any other country, and interfered
with neither the actual or potential
rights of America. He further
added that if the Americans did
not receive any concessions In
Mesopotamia lt wot because no one
else received such concessions, as
ft was decided to retain all of the
nap) tha enterprises, regardless of
their ownership, until the Aratdan
State fs set up and until the development of the resources of the
country are firmly established,
John Cadman sings Uke a
nightingale, but the wolf of the
Standard Oil Trust probably asks
him: Why then have you divided
up the Mesopotamia naphtha?
Since that time constant negotiations were in progress, During- the"
negotiations at the Hague,: the
French, together with the Belgians,
created a special naphtha trust In
order to be able to turn the balance
between the Standard Ofl and the
Royal Dutch.
• Kemal Pasha now throws his
swocd into the cake. That, of
course, throws the scales out of
balance, ahd behind the Curtain of
the naphtha trusts there is In all
probability a new conflict smouldering. Every one will grab ns
much as he can. The question remains,—what connection has all
this with the fight for the Straits?
In tho same number of Reconstruction an anonymous author in
his article "On the political nspect
of tho naphtha question," after relating the history of the attempt of
the English and American naphtha
trusts to como to an agreement,
writes to tho effect thnt the naphtha peace is concluded and that
the San Remo treaty Is buried, but
that unfortunately, this non-official
treaty had not received the form of
an official treaty between America
and tho Allies, but that it wns
possible to effect such a treaty;
that France and Great Britain
must perceive the fallacy of the
doctrine that commercial supremacy over naphtha constituted the
deciding factor in preparedness for
war; France would reap no advantages even from the possession
of the Roumanian naphtha wells,
i'or in the event of war she would
not have the necessary naval and
military control over Roumania and
the Bosphortts. England could
also draw no advantages from the
Anglo-Persian Oil Company, if she
did not retain the Persian Gulf in
her possession. It wns not naphtha
Hint assured military and naval supremacy but the reverse.
This is a paradox, for military
and    naval    domination    reuuires
,'htha for the engines of the
flee't, for the automobiles and the
areoplanes. This paradox, however, contains the profound truth,
that after the seizure of the Roumanian and Mesopotamlan naph-
thut wells, Englnnd and Franco
need possession of the Straits, With
regard to Roumanian naphtha It it
obvious that thirf will be conveyed
through the Straits. And aa regards
the naphtha ln Mesopotamia, the
pipes will huve to be luid through
In this wny the control of the
Straits is of constant interest to
English and French 'imperialism,
and if England will appease the
Americans, America will also support the demnnd thut tbe Straits
shall be In the hands of the Allies.
This answers the question why
England, immediately after the
sharpening of the Near Eastern
conflict, turned to the United
Stutes, and 'why Mr. Hughos de-
['lared after his conversation with
the English ambassador, that the ,
control over the Straits must be ai
ul control.
If France and America wish to
steal tho English naphtha wells, the
occupation of Mostfl hy Turkish
ruop.<. nnd the prolongation *>f the
•rials of the straits which keeps
England In danger of war In advantageous to them. If they come
to nn understanding, however, tbey
will then turn the wholo front
ngninst Turkey.
Turkey act ■ rightly when she
takes udvan' tge of the conflicts
among the i uphtha trusts, but she
must ifbt forget  that the soleguar-
itee that she will not be sacrificed
the oil kings, lies in her own
, ength and in the strength of tho
peoples who constitute the bone of
tont ent Ion of the naphtha magnates. The naphtha of the Caucasus plays an important part In
the struggle of tha Allies v.ith the
Soviet Power. The naphtha front
of International Capital must be opposed with the united front of
those peoples for whom naphtha is
the only means of defence against
the internntional capitalist yoke.
This Is a hot lodging camp; they
haul right from the stump to the
mill. There aro cracks in the bunk-
houses that a cat could' crawl
through, and nil bunk-houses are
overcrowded. Iron single beds, but
pack your own blankets; the
"chuek" Is good. Tho iontlment
for organization would be fair if
some superman from Hea.*ou, or
some such like place of abode, were
to conic down and get all the things
that ihi-'Ko contented slaves require,
and could have if ihey would only
and gu after It.
for $55
It's made expressly" for and sold exclusively
by the H. B. C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. -It's a range of excellent appearance, good weight, and fine finish,
fitted with six cooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or eoal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl2y3-i_ich oven. The range is fully,
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $25.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying, and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—    .
Hudson's Bay Company
-At tho Orpheum
"Uttle Billy" ls tho most famous
little man In "the world, and the
cleverest petite artist on the stage.
In the two-a-day, he is known as
"vaudeville's tiniest headllner,"
and In musical and straight comedy
he has done as well as any artist
three times his size. Decently he
scored an emphatic hit In the Harvard prize play "Mamma's Affair."
He also starred in "Linger Longer
Letty." Scoring hits in plays has
been his custom since 1916, when
In Qeorge M. Cohan's Revue, Mr.
Cohan and the other stars conceded
that the individual success was
scored by Little Billy,
In vaudeville, he offers a series of
song stories, all the specialties that
suit hts size and ability. He has the
assistance of two men, Jame Burke
and Frank James, and his offering
is presented In an attractive sociul
"Little Billy" is a full-grown
man, full grown In everything but
size. His mental development Is
fnr Above the average.    He is well
educated, and succeeds because of
his artistic merit and not because
ot his stature. "Little Billy" muat
necessarily be called a Lilliputian,
It ie not quite right. He ii a diminutive m.En, and conducts himself
K snow will soofi be here.
Wc have special prircs oa
far men, women and children.
Men's Dark Tan Lace Boots,
pointed toe, special....$7.75
Men's Black I .ace Boots,
' pointed toe..$4..~»5 and $(1.50
We  stock   Hewetson'a  Shoes
for children.
Men's Ceylon Flannel Shirta
with   reversible    collar.
Special $2.50
Men's  Negligee  Shirts,  with
soft   double   cuffs.   $1,25,
$1.30, $3.00 ami $3.50.
A new assortment of Men's
Christmas Ties just in, from
75c to $2.00.
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's aud Boys' Furnitdilngg,
Hats, IIiioih and Shoes
2.113  MAIN'   STltEET
(Between  7th  and   8th  Aram*!)
Following "TltrcA Weeks" bow ptsr*
ing st tbs Kmi-iTM will be offrred br IM
Aa-_i.ci-.t-.il Block PUyt-rs » n»n*4y-4nK*
en tit Ind "Th* Silent Wltm-su," * pity
wttk a "punch" tkat wit) hold tke wtt»
once from Mart to flnlxh. "Tko Bat,"
pretentod Ust aesoon at the Avenne e«r>
ttinly kept ono gaceilnit, and "The SI*
lent Whnesa" will bo foand juat utk
another play, with tho eaeepti>;n perhaps
that the production anti personnel of
or.Js.ti called for ia larger.
Br the crowds at tho Knipreia thl*
week it looka aa thongh tkat popnlar phy-
Iwnne U well off for a capuity leaa—,.
and with nich plaja and productions at
rftVrr-l thin Week thero is little doubt
tkat Mis* Marriott and ker auociateo will
recc'iro their full measure ei support.
Button St. Ent—theee Sty. ____
■   Smyths. Cists Bsysri, sad
lugnunted compaujr, ln
oo-ooarcnH- momdat,
■dt. n
jjja B**MiIM '
Ml(-U, _5e-|t               Mat,
Twtc D.I1J. 2:30 anl
. lOe-tee
Patrontea Federatlonist advartts-
ers and tell them why you do io.
Put   a   one-cent   stump   on   thla
niier nnd mnil It to a friend.
Every Mon., Wed. and Sat. Evenings
801 HORNBY ST. Opp. Court Moms
The Oliver Rooms
4S% cokd'ova EAST
I'.-t-rjililiij;  .Modern
Halt's, Kcnsonablo
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity-
That's why Ciisond. Beer lias for 35 years
been Hritish Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It lias cost a million dollars to build a plant to aeerunplish this.
But after testing Cascade Kcer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon PAGE FOUR
FRIDAY ......Novamba- lti' 1122
Made in smart dressy styles, from splendid quality serges of good weight and body. The values
are surprising, so look them over.
$25   $32.50   $39.50
C. D. Bruce
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
is stooping to any method! in
Vietoria to influence yonr lawmakers in their own interests.
Therefore, now is the time for
the labor organizations to see
that chiropractic gets a square
Telephone Seymour 2098 for Appointment
Lady In Attendance
Strong Comment
;        On U. S. Red Raids
(Continued from page 1)
types, apostles of the ultra-red variety and crafty power-lusting missionaries of discord mingled in attacks upon life, property, law and
Justifying the clauses In his injunction which forbade union leaders from even mentioning the strike
to their members, Mr. Daugherty
continued: _
"It muet be remembered that
freedom of. apeech guaranteed under the constitution, ,1s not that
freedom of speech which incites
mob violence, destruction of life
nnd property and attacks on government."
* Railway employees have put up
with this sort of slander from Mr.
Daugherty quite long enough. He
told the public that he had two carloads of evidence convicting the
atriklng shopmen of all sorts of
crimes, yet he has been unable to
produce any of this evidence before a Jury. Indeed, not one striking shopman has been Indicted for
any serious offense. The one bit of
"evidence" which Mr, Daugherty
did make public, has been proved
by the New York World to be
wholly untrue. Hither the man is
demented and therefore not accountable for his acts, or else he ts
guilty of gross falsehood besmirching the good name of several hundred thousand law-abiding American workingmen. In either event,
he. should be removed from office
without delay,
Rod Hysteria
Mr.    Dougherty's   red    hysteria
does not stop with the railwaymen.
He also finds "criminals of the vll-
Bad   Conditions  Compel
Gold Miners to Take
Toronto—The gold miners in
Northern Ontario are being re-organized. Looking about them they
discovered that the organized coal
miners in District 18 were making
(8*04 a shift, as ngainst the max!
mum of |4.S0 which they were receiving from the more prosperous
gold mining companies. Dissatisfaction with working conditions
was :i!30 a factor in creating discontent. In many places the meu
were soaked to the skin with water
from the machines, yet the com pa-
flies refused to supply oil-skins.
On .Ian. 26, a cut In wages of 6c
an hour was forced on the miners.
Itealizlng the profits in the industry and the far better conditions
prevailing in tho coal mines, the
workers ure ready for organization.
est types" among other groups of
workers. Without any warrant or
shadow of legal authority, and in
plain violation of the terms under
which the department of Justice
secures its appropriations from
congress, Mr. Daugherty sent his
sleuths up Into Michigan to pounce
upon a group of workers who were
quietly holding a private meeting
near the city of St. Joseph. He
gives the same excuse for this abuse
of power, namely, that these union
men are "dangerous radicals." If
we had not heard this cry before
when it was false, we might believe him now. As the New Majority, the official organ of the Chicago Federation of Labor, remarks;
"Now more than ever is it plain
that the cause of the victims of
the Daugherty raids is the concern
of the Labor movement, and that
an attacks on 'reds' is a covert attack an unionism."
These Michigan workers were
railroaded to jail, their pupers con.
flscated and their release allowed
only under the exorbitant bond of
110,000 each. They have committed no crime. Not a single overt
act ls charged against them. Some
of them are Socialists, or even
Communists; but there is no federal law making these beliefs i
crime. All but three are American
citizens; four are editors of Labor
papers; one was a candidate for
vice-president of the United States
on the Socialist ticket.
There Is n bigger issue at stake
than the illegal persecution of
these particular men. If Attorney
General Daugherty can clap them
into jail because he does not like
their opinions, he can practice the
same outrage on any group which
incurs his displeasure. Suppose
that he should take a dislike to the
leaders of the transportation brotherhoods, the executives of Farmer-Labor Party, or any other body
of fearless, outspoken men. What
would be easier than to charge them
with "dangerous radicalism," and
either outlaw them with an injunction or railroad them in jpil? Once
let tyranny destroy the liberties of
the weakest members of the State,
and the liberties of all are menaced.
Carpenters of Kitchener, Ont.
have been successful tn securing an
Increase in wages amounting to 76
cents per day.
Competition Ends with This Coupon
Give us a Slogan ■ - Get the Coupe
tate-tor. XU Ueal
/JET a copy ot the new sporting Journal, "Olympian Courier." Road It through care-
x* fully, then put on your thinking cap and aend us a suggestion for a slogan or
motto to be used under the heading on the front page. Tou may win this beautiful
Pord Coupe, which we offer as a prise for the slogan which we adopt. Suggestions
ahould be not more -than eight words ln length. For example: "Snapshots and
Sketches of Interest to' Sportsmen" or "Newa and Views from Field and stadium."
This slogan competition will close on November 24, and all subscribers 'entering football competitions up to 'that date are entitled to one suggestion for every Ave
weeks' subscription sent from this date onwards; ln addition to one estimate coupon
In the football competition.
Co btoesse a n__affl_n. ud at tha saute time
with yenr estimate aad Meant ef eaeh for yonr „     . ......
eeapoai ten weeks, We anl a coupons; tfteen weeks, TM aad _ eenpoas; twenty weeks, 11.00 aad
to pattlelpate
subsMtptoa, a
ks, TMaad 3 e
In thli eompettUoi, 111 la Ike coupon below
at the -OUowiag ratesi «ve weeks, iso end 1
_. .           .-- .... _ eenpoas; twenty weeks, UM and 0 coupons.
to Sattonal VuMisblac Oo, TaneouTer, a. 0.  Itaups aad personal cheques aot accepted.
Coupon must be eat alone this line.
First Pttn •••••• Mis viva wt—to
S4S00      S2000      flOOO _
NATIONAL PUBLISHING CO.. 436 Richards St, Vancouver, B. C.
Out-of-town subscribers should mall coupons to P. 0. Drawer 1209, Vancouver, B.C.
X enter thlt TootbaU Competition with tke understanding that X agree ta abide by
tke published rules governing same and t > accept the Auditor's deelslon as dual ana
laeallr blading.   Twenty-flve oents eaetoeefi for Ov. weeks* eubeortpttoa estltlee me
_-*_*_f _■_.."'_-.* __-  _._T _-_-.__-_.-_-__.____.■__  -_•*__-. —_,_frj ^^ *>Tt'
I three estimates;
to oae estimate; BOo, ten weeks end two estimates; Tie. tfteen weeks l
11.00, twenty weeks and STe set-matti.
aon—Mark with an T. ia column provided whether you think tha XOM team will
score MOM, UM* or the •____• number af goals aa la tha eomapondlaf game laat
Mark wltb X In column provided.   "M" is more; "L" Is less; "S" is same.
Games te be
clewi Midnight
Aston Villa
Port Vale
Brighton it Hove
Swansea T.
Crewe Alex.
St. Mlrren
W. Bromich
Notts Co.
Swindon T.
1 Accrington
2 Chesterfield
1 Grimsby T.
0 Third Lanark
1 | 2 Rangers
Coupon Xo. 1
Coupon Yo. 9
Coupon We. 9
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Coupon see
II   t.
Coupon Vo. 9
it  t. a
YON   T!
Deals with Many Phases
of Religion and Mela'
Last Thursday evening: concluded Dr. Curry's special consideration!
of religion. In taking up this subject, Sir Oliver Lodge has apparently brought this subject up to date,
claiming to harmonize it with science. In his book, "Raymond,"
and ln other works. The speaker
Bhowed that from the oracles of
Ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome
through that seance given Saul by
the witch of lSndor, right up
through the experiments of Crooks
and Lodge, oven to tho developing
and message circles of Vancouvor,
the "proofs" of a spirit world have
depended on medicine men or spirit
mediums. The speaker onco more
told how Herbert Spencer and
Grant Allan showed how the spirit
of chiefs and ancestors of primitive
man had, through the accretion of
priestcraft, and credulity,, culmi
natcd ln the Idea of one great uni
versal mind existing before, and
apart from tho material universe,
and said to be tho "Creator of all
things visible, and invisible.'
This, he declared, Is the basis of
all great religions; of the Roman,
Greek and Protestant churches; of
Moham medium and Buddhist
priesthood. It Is the business basis
of Billy Sunday, of the Holy Rollers and Salvation Army, and even
of that institution, which recently
collected 16600 for "chimes;." This
belief is tho foundation of million*.
of employees, and beneficiaries of
Christianity, which today constitute
the greatest aggregation pf property and power In the world. It
all developed through the alleged
revelations of inspired seers and
mediums, who told man of his relations, and duties to the worlds of
gods, and spirits.
The speaker then read some of
the reports published by Sir Wm.
Crooks, during his investigations,
fifty years ago, and these are probably the most remarkable and
genuine records of this kind which
the modern medium have produced
Judge Urges Him to Be a
i   "Good Man" in
>'     Future
"The Revelation of Raymond'
Sir Oliver Lodge has published
various books along spiritualistic
lines, but beaucse of the world's
revolt against orthodoxy, and because millions bereaved by the
great war have desired to know of
their husbands, brothers or sons
"still live," his work "Rayittond,"
to many, has answered this question in the affirmative. The copy!
quoted last Thursday, was the 7th
edition, Indicating tho enormous
demand which this book has met.
There are several questions presenting themselves of special interest to the producing i
"Who does the work 'over there*?";
They have been taught to sing,
"work for the night Is coming,'when
man's work is o'er," and there was
another hymn telling us of "r
for the weary, on the other side of*
Jordan," but tho revelations of;
Raymond seem to upset these Ideas,
of the free and easy time after we
die, that is for the workers.
Raymond lives in a brick house,
and says there is "granite and marble" used for construction purposes, also there are laboratories
and factories, where spirit chem
lsts and others work. There are
cigars to smoke, "some want meat
and some strong drink,' says Raymond. "If they call for whiskey
sodns, don't think I am stretching
when I tell you, they are even
manufacturing that." Alas, poor
prohibition! And a rest for the
Here Dr. Curry asked his audi
ence what they thought of the
heaven revealed by Raymond?
Who will make the cigars and the
whiskey cocktails? And who
mnke and launder the white, robes?
Are the cigar makers and distillers,
the stone cutters and building
trades organized? Does the class
struggle still continue between the
mi ners nnd lumberjacks, who
"went over" fighting for democ
rncy, and the Raymonds, and prl
vilegod classes who smoke ihe
entire, and order the cocktails,
still go on?
Tlio Xciv Law of Value
"Nothing of value In last universe Is lost," according, to Sir OU
ver's philosophy. The mind and
personality of man, and of higher,
animals, are of most value; therefore, they go on living. "There is
no death" for them. World's grow
cold and lifeless, the planets weary
of travel, fall back Into* their mo
ther's arms, the sun, even suns
lose their lustre and grow cold, but
iho mind of this poor little conceited worm, known ns man, accord'
ing to Sir Oliver and Marie Cor-
clli, hns "life eternal."
Sir William Crooks, who, for
vears Investigated spiritualism
most thoroughly, says that
there is "no bridge" between this
.vorld and another. "It is a brick
wall. Theso beliefs survive be-
ause of our love of life, and our
lcsire to meet again our dead de-
larted; because of fraud, thb de-;
•Ire for power nnd wealth, nnd* be-
muse of the unknown forces of-nail re nnd of mind, which through
elcpalhy, give "messages," and
novo things, in a way thnt cannot
.e explained by the present Mmita-
ions of science. With industrial
lomocracy, when the financial in*
en tive for imposture will vanish--,
vhen scientific and Intellectual do-
nocracy will be facts,* a new,socin>
order will in time evolve, which
•vill surpass the dreams of ancient
uedicine men, and modern me-
Hums, even as day surpasses the
{loom of night.
The great story of "Evolution"
will now begin at these meetings,
ind all interested are ngnin invit-
>d to attend. Among the authorises-used will be "Edward Clodri'v
-itory of Creation," "Well's Outline
it History." "Ward's Sociology,"
'Ernest Haeckel and Joseph Mc-
^abo's Works," and "Dennis Hurd'j
Picture Book of Evolution." AT
hese lectures will he illustrator
vith Inntorn views.
Next Thursday, Nov. 23, the sublet will be: "The Wonders of th<
Toavens, nnd tho Mnking of
Vorlds,"  (Illustrated.) _
Hand the Fed. to your stiopmnt<
vhen vou aro through with it.
Patronize Fed. advertisers
Trevor Maguire, returned soldier
end active worker in Toronto working class circles, being found guilty
of.sedition at the Toronto assizes,
by a Jury which made a strong plea
for clemency, was on Friday thc
10th, arraigned for sentence. Mr.
Justice Riddel], the trial Judge,'released Maguire on suspended sentence, and in so doing, made the
following statement:
"You have, on satisfactory evidence, been found guilty by a Jury
of an offence ngainst tho statute
inw of the Dominion, as well as
ngainst the Common Law," nald his
Lordship. "The Jury finding that
you did utter the words attributed
you. must needy convict.
"I do not think you are of the
imiiial or Incendiary type, but I
& think that you said more than
you intended, suing in the ardor of
oratory and advocacy much further
than you thought and thereby giving utterance to Ideas quite foreign
' i your real principles.
After pointing out what law is,
the trial Judge then gave expression
to the following platitudinous exhortation to Maguire to heed the
law and to be a "good man,"
"You will be released to' appear
for sentence when called upon. If
there Is no bad result from your
speech, and you do not hereafter
incite to violence, etc., you will
hear no more of this indictment
from, me. I earnestly urge you as
a public man, who has the good of
his country at heart, to bear in
mind the evil efTects which may
follow unrestrained words In the
minds and actions of those less
well-balanced, and those who are
not accustomed to our right of free
F.L. P. to Start
Civic Campaign Sunday
(Continued from page 1)
particularly on the continent, as
seen by an eye-witness, who had
spent the summer over there. "The
Old World." said Mrs. Woodsworth,
"Is suffering from a twofold terror:
The terror of the last war, and of
the next. Has there been any constructive statesmanship apparent In
Europe since the close of the
^war?" asked Mrs. Woodsworth.
The speaker then touched upon
the fostering of the war spirit, and
referred to the fact that the world
'governments had now reached a
point in war equipment where one
aeroplane loaded with deadly
chemicals could destroy even the
'[largest cities without any great effort. The world is so inter-related,
thnt when any two nations start
fighting, the rest of the world is involved. How, she asked, can the
idea of peace be instilled 'in the
minds of our children when battle
pictures are hung on the walls of
the schools, even the most prominent of our churches are used as a
depository for battle emblems.
Continuing, she said: "Narrow
nationalism is going to be a curse,
and its removal was not helped by
the creation of the new petty Balkan States. The Near East crisis
was developed by England aiding
the Greeks, and the Turks were
helped by the French, and both of
these powers were protecting oil
Interest's." The Turk for many
.vcars past, insisted the speaker,
has simply been used by the powers for the purpose of war propaganda In the Near East. We must
have serious thinking and serious
organizing In an extensive educational campaign along political and
economic lines, to the end that the
tools of production will be owned
hy those who do the necessary work
of the world, the product to be used
for the good of all. No angel In
heaven will descend to make over
the world for us, aaid Mrs. Woods-
worth; It will have to be done by
Both speakers were given an attentive hearing. A solo by Comrade H. Clark, during the interval
wns much appreciated. Comrade-
Trotter, Jr., made an efficient chairman, i
A very successful social was held
last Saturday evening, and a very
good concert was given, followed by
a few dances. No invitation is necessary for attendance at these socials. Everyone is welcome to
come and enjoy themselves. Social
every Saturday night at 8 o'clock.
The speaker for Sunday, Nov. 26,
will be Dr. Lyle Telford.
Warsaw, Poland—Italian Fascism Is to be transplanted to Poland, Polish Nationalists are creating an organization of a secret character, much like that of the Fascisti, with the purpose of ridding
Poland of all foreign elements, and
of instituting n series of pogroms
against Jews, Germans and Russians. It is claimed thnt a number
of political personages and genernls
are tacitly supporting tho movement, among them Gen. Korfanty,
Vho ls notorious for his nets of
suppression in Upper Silicic.
Minneapolis—Railroads running
out of the Twin Cities nre not meeting with nny more success in having engines repnlred in. outside
plants than they have in their own
strikebreaker manned shops. The
'Minneapolis Steel & Machinery Co.,
i non-union concern, undertook to
do locomotive work. They turned
out three engines. No. 8062 managed to reach St. Cloud, Minn, (62
miles) before the piston head came
off. Between St. Paul and Minneapolis (10 miles) No. 324 and No.
714 stripped their side rods off.
Oor Temploton Drive and Pendor East
Dancing 0 to 42 IWroshmonts
Ladies, _>5c; Gt-ntS, 50c
| December 13th
Upon this date the eleetors will have the opportunity of changing the
civic administration. Do you wish the dry rot now permeating city
affairs to continue and spread or do you want a revival of the Vancouver
spirit of a few years ago?
Ex-Mayor Louis D. Taylor
offers for the consideration of the Voters—the following platform:
Read and digest same and let our Campaign Manager know what you
think of it. We welcome criticism for or against it, in whole or in part.
Let us know what planks you approve of or the ones you object to.
As a starter in this Campaign, backed by a known personal following
of 2,200 voters, as shown by the election of 1922, I propose carrying the
fight into every neighborhood in the city—and expect to win against all
comers. Watch a Campaign of VIM—VIGOR-VICTORY.
1. Abolition of thc outrageous garbage can tax.
2. Annexation of South Vancouver and Point Grey.
3. Complete re-organization of the eng inccring department.
4. Acquiring all timber rights on Seymour Creek to conserje our water supply.
5. The immediate purchase of a fire-boat for use on Burrard Inlet, thc city to pay
its proportion of the cost.
6. Return to thc old system of street cleaning. _/;.;- —■ , !
7. Assisting in pushing to completion thc Second Narrows Bridge.       "' ' '
8. Municipal coal yard, under the administration of a practical man, with knowledge of thc coal business, whereby coal can be delivered at actual Cost.
9. Financial assistance to the park board, in order that thoy m&y'.a«9Hii,e additional ground in the outlying districts, to be used exclusively for obtdoor spirts, viz.:
Football, Baseball, Tennis, Lacrosse, etc. Also the passing of the money.^y-fiiiy:,for the
protection of Stanley Park against fire. }.}     ■•■-,
10.* Municipal central heating plant, to be constructed by home capital, employing
our own local labor.
11. Abolish property qualifications for civic offices.
12. Give civic vote to every citizen, who is of age, and qualified to vote on Dominion or Provincial list (excepting in case of money by-laws). This .reform will have thc
effect of interesting young men and women in civic affairs. At present there is no incentive for them to study civic problems.
13. Greater Vancouver—The taking up of the question of organizing thc lower
mainland from Coquitlam to Point Grey under an administration to be known as tho
Vancouver County Council. Each municipality to ke"cp its identity, and be known as
boroughs. Each to bc represented on the central administration body. Water works,
fire protection, police protection, traffic ordinances, would then be uniform and more
efficient—and a great saving would be effected in the upkeep of these public essentials.
Schools and hospitals would also come under oue management
14. A more liberal attitude to bc taken toward furnishing financial support for
our public schools.
15. A more sympathetic attitude towards our University and a determination to
assist in properly housing it, that in the end, it will be the scat of learning for Western
16. -The question of racing at Hastings Park, to bc submitted to the people by
means of a plebiscite. All questions of this nature affecting the public interests and
morals to be submitted annually to the voters.
17. Thc paving of streets in Kitsilano, Hastings Townsite and Ward Eight (D. L.
301), bringing the improvements in these districts up to thc standard of the completed
districts of the city. Removing all plank roads within the city limits. Rcpaving Main
Street, a main artery, and thc repairing of all pavements in thc business district.
18. I am in favor of awarding all contracts to the lowest tender, providing such
firm is a permanent institution in the city and composed of our-own citizens.
19. I am in favor of thc proper enforcement of all law—but not for its enforcement for the purpose of revenue only, as has been the policy of thc city administrative
for some years.
20. I am in favor of auto-traffic regulations of such a nature as will protect human
life, a strict enforcement of same, against any citizens found guilty of ignoring them,
whether that person be a high official, prominent business or professional man or humble
clerk or mechanic.
21. I am opposed to junketing trips of cither mayor or aldermen, camouflaged u
trips for education for the public good.
22. I am in favor of heads of departments going to conventions where matters
dealing with their department are under discussion.
23. I believo that productive work should be provided for every man or woman
who is a bona fide citizen (at regular rate of wages). By so doing, thc community
would benefit. Increase the purchasing power of individuals and you incrcaso their
spending power. Increase the respect of individuals for themselves, by allowing them to
cam a good living, and you make good citizens; curtail their efforts, and right to live
decently, in order to save a few dollars, by handing out doles that they can barely exist
upon, and you make for crime. This is a case when "Penny wise is Pound foolish."
24. Elevators:- If Ottawa cannot see its way to inerease our elevator capacity at
the present time, I.am in favor of starting a movement among our own citizens to build
one locally. The city to take equal shares with the amount subscribed privately. Surely
we have enough big business men, who have sufficient loyalty to their ^tyj^vherc they
have made Iheir fortunes, to make substantial investments in an undertaking si|ch as
this. Let us show Ottawa, that wc arc not always mendicants, calling for help from
the public treasury. Seattle raised onc million dollars in forty-eight hours to assist a
private firm to build a battleship. Surely Vancouver can do the same to build an elevator, the construction of which will pay for itself many times over. And what is more important, show the world that Vancouver citizens have real faith in its future as the greatest grain-shipping port on thc Pacific.
25. I am in favor of repairing Connaught bridge, making safe for traffic, as well
as rcpaving an cyc-sore of seven years' standing. I am in favor of constructing a bridgo
cither at Burrard or Thurlow streets across False Crock, thus relieving the congested
traffic on Granville Street, besides making Point Grey and Kitsilano more accessible.
26. I am in favor of a complete revision of the trade license by-laws, and fees,
especially the fees assessed against small business in outlying residential districts, where
gross dici'imination exists and license fees charged wholly out of proportion to the business done.  Full supervision and. revision of 1 iconsc.. given to Orientals.
27. I am in favor of a complete survey of civic expenditures, with the aim in view
of reducing thc overhead expenses.
28. I am in favor of a closer connection with thc vast financial and manufacturing
interests of the East with the aim in view of interesting Eastern, British and United
States capital in Vancouver.
29. I am in favor of thc acquisition of tide flats at Port Moody for industrial concerns, and manufacturers, The creation there pf a National Free for,t. Thereby insuring a huge bonded warehouse, thus making a bid for all Pacific.coipwcrco.
30. I am. in favor of assisting in every way possible the movement for the construction of a highway from North Vancouver to Lillooet, thence to Kamloops, thenee
connecting with Edmonton.
These last three planks, while not within thc province of the city to assist financially, should have the hearty support of thc city administration, who should join with adjoin-
- ing municipalities in an effort to have the Dominion and Provincial governments take
steps to carry them out.
31. Buildings in business districts, occupying corners, should be compelled to install a certain number of eandlcpower lamps, for outside lighting, in order to relieve the
gloom and darkness wliich surrounds nil our principal business corners; such as Banks,
Assay Office and Post Office.  I shall endeavor to find a way of carrying ont this project.
32. I am in favor of re-instating thc plnn of giving free plots for burial of returned
soldiers.   This was recently rescinded by thc council.
Having kept myself posted on civic matters during the years since I was last at the
head of this city, I fed that I am in a better position today, than ever, to serve the public. I am proud of my administrations of 1910-1911-1915, and believe that those of our
citizens who were here during these years will credit mc with giving the city a business
administration—a decent administration without favor to any one class.
If favored with the voters' confidence, I shall devote all my time to civic affairs,
and will as far as possible endeavor to re-establish your confidence in your city's administration to thc end that we have a prosperous city—both financially and morally
Vancouver, B. C, November, 1922. LOUIS D. TAYLOR.
Each plank of the above platform will be enlarged upon at his meetings.


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