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British Columbia Federationist Mar 7, 1924

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 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
IDUSTRIAL UNITY: STB"\GTH
IXTEENTH YEAR.
:#
Published in the Interests of All Wage-Earners
.4 POLITICAL UNITY-: VICTORY
10
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY MORNING,  MARCH 7, 1924
5c A COPY
M AND [_m ANNUAL RALLY
[omen's Protective Association
Want Amendments to Minimum Wage Act
[ONO   HOURS   AT   ASYLUM
[asterers Trouble on St. Julien
Block Amicably Settled— '
0. N. B. Uniforms
[ERE was a good attendance of
delegates at the .meeting of the
icouver Trades and Labor council,
hi on Tuesday evening, with Presl-
fit Neelands in the chair.
J Amendment* Asked by Women
[rs. Crassfleld and Mrs. Booth, relenting  the   Self-supporting   Wo-
|h's Protective association, appear-
before' the council with a request
support in its demands for amend-
Inta  to   the   Minimum  Wage  act,
jiereby employers would be forced
pay the minimum wage without
{■U action on the part of the om-
[,yee.    -The   delegation  asked   also
t government employment bureaus
IWve the minimum  wage  Btatute,
Id that theso bureaus refuse to em-
liy women at wages under the mlnl-
At   present,   the   delegation
iimed,    the    employment    bureaus
handing out-jobs at wages under
minimum specified in the act.
)elegates  Neelands,   Mrs.  Scullard
Mrs. Dolk were appointed a com-
[ttee to assist the women, and also
[organize them as a labor union.
|rhe secretary was instructed by the
jncll  to  write  Hon.  Dr.   McLean,
Wlncial secretary, asking what had
Wn done in regard to adjusting the
irking hours of nurses at the pro-
jcial mental hospital at Now Wost-
ister.     It   is   believed   the   nurses
{'re are still employed 64 to 80 hours
week.
Union-made Uniforms
delegate McDonald, of tho Tailors,
[ved that the councU demand the
irtlon of a clauso in Canadian Na-
|ial railway contracts, re uniforms
British Columbia calling for these
Informs to be made by union labor.
Jesponding to questions,  Delegate
(trell announced that a convontion
Ud probably be called-at an early
to organizo a provincial branch
Ithe Labor Party of Canada.    This
Jon is being taken to fulfil the pro-
finmo laid down by dolegates at tho
[.des and Labor Congress of Can-
held in Vancouver last summer,
i-ommitteo on publications reported
llnst advisability of proceeding with
lie in view of the present state of
\ira.    Despite this adverse roport,
/evor   credentials   wero   given   to
egate  $Vatts  for  the   purpose  of
{citing advertising to the B. C. La-
News, and the committee   (Dels,
fclands,  McGinnis,  Dunn and Ben-
Igh) wero instructed to make nr-
jgements   for   publishing   such   a
pr.
. delegato from the Milk Salesmen
light up tho question of publlsh-
jtmllk tests recently, in which the
Ker Valley and the Purity Dairy
p were not given credit, alleging
[tir suppression.
Jj|, McDonald announced the Label
|jj;ue would hold a whist drive and
in Cotillion hnll, on Friday,
■nh 21. A $50 ordor on any store
pwn would bo awarded as a prize,
a $5 order on a union ■ bnrbor
. also an inducement to attend.
Jai, Hunt, of the Labor Represen-
Bn committeo, reported they were
T>old a dance in Clinton hall on
Ird ay, Mnrch 22.
pt. Galloway, of the Plasterers, re-
JeA that troublo on tho St. Julien
ftments bad beon amicably settled.
PROBLEM OF HOUSING
Costing £S00 In England to
Rent, at Nine Shillings
a Week
^British Labor Press Service]
{hdon.—In his first speech as pro-
Mr. Macdonald had perforce to
very wide  swathe.    He spoko
Bhe hour and three quarters, and
f_. ho sat down he muat have left
things unsaid.   Conversation in
Hobby  afterwards  turned largely
|ia statement that the government
addressing   themselves   to   the
Jhom of how houses could be built
Hie average at £500 each, and let
fls. a week, inclusive of rates and
lush-inns Will Discuss Important
Amendments
{e Musicians union, local No. 1415,
ihold their general nieeting in tho
kc hall,, Homor street, on Sunday
ting.- Considerable business of
Artan.ce will come up for discus-
j Including a notice of motion to
lid local laws so as to provido a
Re being inserted that it bo com-
Jiry for mombers to report nny
lulanties in  Jurisdictional  rights.
'eh-'sirii Leader In Cnlifornin
{vln Winter, momber of Musicians
145, and leader of the Capitol
orchestra, Is enjoying a well
|d holiday in California. This is
J first real vacation in four years,
fat ho will undoubtedly enjoy the
Hence. Chas. Williams will,wield
baton at the Capitol during Cal's
M*„ers   of   Federated   Labor
isSty and Friends Hold Enjoyable Social Evening
FINE MUSICAL PROGRAMME
Mrs. Stuart Jamieson and Sam
Outhrie, M.L.A., Deliver Excellent Addresses
rpHE Federated Labor Party held Its
"annual rally" on last Saturday
evening, at the I. O. O. F. hall, Main
street. The members and .thetr
friends enjoyed a most pleasant and
instructive evening. The Theosophical Society orchestra provided a real
musical treat. The rendering of the
various selections given was most delightful, and the audience expressed
In no uncertain manner their delight
and appreciation. Mrs. Lyle Telford
sang two solos, entitled "Homing" and
"Coming Home," In a pldftslng and delightful manner. Miss Peacock sang
two solos that were much enjoyed.
Upon the completion of the programme, dancing was indulged in.
Mrs. Stuart Jamieson and Sam
Guthrie were the speakers of the
evening.        4
The Speeches
Mrs. Jamieson spoke on the subject,
'Women's Outlook Upon International Relations." She said that she
did not intend to dwell upon the divergence between men's and women's
outlook In International politics, because, as a matter of fact, there was
little divergence, but rather unanimity in the outlook of all thinking men
and women today, ln the field of co-
oporation between nations. The shattering events of the last few years
bad shown definitely that the old international policy, avowedly based on
deception, trickery and fraud, must
be thrown Into the discard, because
lt resulted only in the mutual destruction of nations. Now, tho most intelligent groups of men and women in all
countries were seeking to create a
new international policy baBed upon
truthfulness, frankness and open negotiations; In short, the sort of policy
which Ramsay Macdonald Is endeavoring to set up betwoen England and
the other nations at the present time.
Women In Polities
The point of interest to which she
wished to draw attention, continued
tho speakor, was that womon who so
recently had attained political status,
and who, therefore, had been thinking
politically for only a few years, should
reach out from their previous limited
sphere of thinking and seize upon the
far-reaching ideal of international cooperation and world citizenship. It
had taken men several hundreds of
yearB of enfranchisement and political thinking to reach the same level
of political ldoals. That this was true
of large groups of women was Bhown
by tho fact that a women's peace congress was being called In England at
the present time at the urgency of
numerous women's societies; and that
the guidance of tho congross was in
tho hands of the delegates of five
large international womon's organizations,
World Co-opcrntloii
One of these, the Women's International League of Peace and Freedom,
had been organized in the flrst place
by the groups of women In the"*various countries of Europe who were
still working for tho franchise, thus
showing that ev%n before they had
political status, women were thinking
in international terms, and had set up
on ideal of a world co-operation which
would ensure peace.
The readiness with which women
have seized upon the Ideal of the Welfare of the whole of humanity, in preference to that of the smaller groups,
Is due partly to the urgency of the
present noed; but more largely, con
tended the speaker, to a fundamental
quality In women's nature. Looking
briefly at the history of the human
race, one sees lt as a continuous struggle for survival. Man's pnrt in the
struggle has boen the conquering of
the forces of nature, the struggle
against other animals, and a continual
assertion Qf self-interest, which has
developed the combative Instinct to
such a degree that it is difficult for
him to subordinate Belf-interest to
the interests of the group.
Struggle {or Survival
When we look at the other half of
mankind, represented hy women, we
see that their contribution to the
struggle for survival has been based
on an enitrely different principle. Because women are the only-vehiclo by
which tho race can bo reproduced,
therefore, each woman has had to sacrifice self-Interest to tho interest of
tbe child In order that the race might
survive. As this subordination o£ self-
interest to the interest of thc race has
boon practiced by womon sinco th
dawn of humanity, there has como to
bo a fundamental quality in woman's
nature by which she conceives tho
raco as moro Important than the Individual. It Is a distinct quality of
the "universal," and it is undoubtedly this quality which enables women
everywhere to reach out aftor tho
ideal of the wolfare of the wholo humnn race as the ultimate goal of their
ondeavor.
Ideals are  conceived  in  emotions,
continued the speaker, and lt Is being
(Continued oh page 4)
OOST OF LONGSHOBE STBIKE
The Vancouver Shipping Fedcrataion
Spent Money Lavishly to Force *
Defeat of Longshoremen
It cost the Vancouver Shipping
Federation the sum of $100,000, in
actual expenditures, to break the recent longshore strike. This waa the
gist of an announcement made by F.
W. Peters, of the C, P. R., at a meeting at whioh Interested civic and
other officials discussed the question
of-fire boat protection for the waterfront. ' Mr, Peters said that, during
the strike, the federation hired a police patrol boat at $35 ia day and kept
It ln action for some weeks.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
1A WORLD PEACE
Tom Richardson, ex-Labor M. P.,
Speaks on "Labor and the
League of Nations"
THE TBEATT OF. VERSAILLES
International     Labor    Bureau
Serves as Medium for Muoh
Valuable Information
QN FRIDAY evening Tom Richard-
V son, ex-M. P., spoke on "Labor
and the League of Nations," before a
large audience in the Board of Trade
building. Rev. A. E. Cooks occupied
the chair, and in Introducing the
speaker, referred to his ability to
deal with the subject in an intelligent
manner, since he had been a member
of the British house of commons, representing labor, The chairman referred to the fact that there was in
control of the "mother of parliaments" a labor government, composed
of men who, for more than half n
century, had fought to obtain the position of authority that they now hold,
and for which many of them were
exceedingly well prepared to carry
out, for they had proven their ability,
by the efficient manner in which they
had discharged the many duties that
had been theirs to perform in the
past.
Mr. Richardson, in referring to the
League of Nations, said that "lt was
an accumulation of the best thoughts
and sentiments of the peoples of the
world in an endeavor-to further the
best interests of civilization and human well-being; that war had beon
most unsatisfactory for the purposes
of settling international disputes, and
that we must look rather to arbitration and discussion, not only from our
own viewpoint, but from tho viewpoint of othors, if we hope fpr a
world peace," He pointed out that
this latter method had always been
the ono adopted by the labor party,
consistently and persistently, in all
matters of dispute, whother they were
local, national or international in
their scope; that labor was out for
open, frank and honest diplomacy nt
all times, which was moro than could
bo said of the other political parties.
"It is," he said, "fivo years or more
since the armistice was signed, nt
which time, it was alleged, that we
wore entering upon a new era of peace
and good will, and yet all such statements havo proven to be nothing more
than 'platform platitudes/ and that
tho occasion of real brotherhood and
good will towards men had not yet
materialized—in fact, on ono occasion
since the signing of the armistice,
thero were no less than twenty-two
wars going on at. tho same time in
Europe." He referred to the treaty
of Versailles as being a menace to
high ideals, that it was politically and
economically unsound, that the British government should not have been
a party to the signing of that treaty;
and that lt was being used by high
finance and big business for tho purposes of gaining control of the natural resources of Europe.
The speaker roferred at some length
to the international labor bureau
formed by the league, and pointed out
that lt was serving as a medium
through which much Information was
being obtained, which wns exceedingly useful and reliable, appertaining t«i
labor, industrial, health and sanitary
conditions the world over, and that
the Information thus obtained would
be of inestimable value in relieving
the deplorable condition of the masses
of the workers the world over, Tho
question of unemployment and its relationship with the leaguo, was taken
up, and, in this connection, the
speaker pointed out that, even here
in Canada, a man's ability, industry
nnd willingness was no guarantee to
his getting! work, which was a most
deplorable stato or affairs. Many
other mattors pertaining to thc league
and its work in dealing with such
matters as tbo opium traffic, immigration, etc., were dealt with at somo
length.
"Bloody American Capitalism'*
With the.caption "Bloody Amcri
can Capitalism—Its Murder of Labor," Joe Walker, North Leeds, England, has re-Issued In booklet form
bis series of articles, written con'sc
cutlvely In the columns of the Yorkshire Factory Times. They aro of
value to tho general labor, socialist
and communist movements uf Great
Britain. Wholesale and retail supplies can bo had from tho Reformers
Bookshop, 103 Kirkgflte, Bradford,
Yorkshire, England.    Price, sixpence.
OTTAWA RELEASES HIM
FROM THE PENITENTIARY
JAMES B. MACLACHLAN
AN Ottawa despatch states that James B. Maclachlan, former secretary of the
United Mine Workera, sentenced to two yoars in the penitentiary for seditions
libei In connection with strikes in Cap* Breton, has been definitely offered ticket-
of-lcave.    No special conditions are attached.   He is now a free e'.tlaen.
CANADIAN LABOR ER INTERNATIONAL LABOR
Items of Interest Regarding the
Activities Amongst the
Bank and File
Plasterers of Hamilton,'Ont.. renew
wago agreement.. Existing rate of
$1.12% per hour {$9 a day) will run
for two years—1924-25.
At February session of Halifax
Trades and Labor council, prohibition question discussed. It was decided to ask Nova Scotia government
for sale of beer and wine. ■
Organizer Bush of International
Garment Workers, is busy negotiating
new wage agreements with many Ontario clothing firms. He will be in
Winnipeg shortly,
Carpentors of Hamilton, Ont., ask
for increase In pay from 80 cents to
90 cents an hour, effective May 1.
Ontnrio provincial conference of
Bricklayers and Masons, met recently
at Windsor, and selected officers as
follows: President, W. Bevan, Ottawa; vice-presidents, Herbert Johnson,
Kitchener; J. Fryer, Windsor; Frank
Woods, Hamilton; secretary-treasurer,
Walter Thorno, Toronto.
Hamilton Trados and Labor council
directed Secretnry Furey to communicate with Premier King and Minister of Labor Murdock, requesting
their favorable attention to unemployment insurance.
Ex-Alderman Edward A. Foam-
side will contest bye-election as labor
candidate for alderman, vice Aid.
David Newland, deceased, Hamilton,
One.
Hamilton 'bricklayers ask for advance of 25 cents an hour. Present
rnte is %i, and expires April 1.
President Tom Mooro, of Trades
and Labor congress of Canada, says
that tho "back to the union" movement throughout the dominion is
making headway. He is now touring
Western Ontario cities.
Calgary Labor Tent pie company
had a good year, finishing 1923 with
a balance of $260.G3, and total earnings of $3284.44. President, James
G. Rico; secretary-treasurer, John E.
Young, (both re-elected.)
Representing the Alberta Federation of Labor, Alex. Robertson, vice-
president of the A,. F, of li., extended
fraternal greetings to the G. W. V,
A. at their convention in Lethbridge
held there February 21st, 22nd and
23rd.
The Streot rallwaymen of Calgary
have evidently not yet settled all thoir
differences. The Junior men's local
are now asking recognition through a
sepernte agreement with the city
commissioner.
Aid for Unemployed and Meal
Tickets—British Cabinet and
Emigration to Canada
Hamilton, Ont.—Aid for the unemployed and Issue of menl tickets were
the demands presented to the city's
relief department by a deputation of
clergymen hero. Criticising tho treatment of tho unemployed by tho city
authorities, tbe deputation suggested
the recruiting of voluntary helpers to
handle emergency casos.
The Hamilton Trades and Lnbor
council recently sent u letter to tho
new British secretary of state for
home affairs In the Maedonald cabinet, Arthur Henderson, asking him
to check the flood of British immigrants oxpected here In tho spring.
The letter states, that "it Is absolutely hopeless for fitters, turners, millwrights, brass finishers, die sinkers,
or tool nnd dlo makers, to como to
this part of Canada expecting to get
work at their trado," and that tho
unskilled and semi-skilled market.ls
more crowded than tho skilled.
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
England
"Shift" Systems in Glass Trade—A
report under the title of "Comparison
of Different Shift Systems in the.Glass
Trade," has been issued by the Industrial Fatigue Research board, which
states, as one of the conclusions of
the "board, "that the relative hourly
efficiency in bottle-blowing has been
increased by shortening the hours."
Java
Increase Immigration Tax—An increase in the immigration tax, from
fifty guilders per head to. one hun
dred guilders per head, was approved
by the Volksraad at a recent sitting.
This tax, It Is said, was directed principally at the Chinese immigrants, of
which about 30,000 per year are now
reaching the archipelago.
Nova Scotia
Coal Strike Settled—On February
11, 1924, coal miners in the Sydney,
Nova Scotia, district agreed upon
wages and conditions of labor, and
settled the strike which was begun on
January 15, 1924.
Portugal
Bakers' Co-operative Association—
Ttyere has been recently organized in
Oporto n co-operative association,
composed of seventy-eight independent bakery firms for the purpose of
the collective buying of flour.
Postal and Telegraph Strike Ended
—Following the government's engagement to urge the approval of em-
ployoes' demands, by parliament, the
postal and telegraph strike ended on
February 12, 1924.
Siberia
Unemployment—Unemployment in
Siberia has increased to 35,000 persons, distributed ns follows: 13,000 at
Omsk; 1000 at Novo-Nikolaensk; 3000
at Barnaul; 5000 at Tomsk; 3000 at
Krasnoyarsk, and 7000 nt Irkutsk.
Switzerland
Aid to Emigrants—By paying tb
passnge, In part or in full, of Swiss
emigrants desirous of finding employment In Canada, the Swiss Society for
Interior Colonization and Industrial
Agriculture assisted 860 Swiss to pro
ceed to Canada during the year. This
society began operations on January
1, 1923, and was created with a view
lo relieving unemployment In Switzerland*
Always look up The Fed. advertisers
before making purchases.'
WORKLESS AT HAMILTON LAWRENCE BERRIGAN
An  Old-time  Halegonian Passes
Away—Retired Member of
Carpenters Union, No. 83
Late advices from Halifax announce
tho death of Lawrence ('Larry")
Borrignn, retired member of Carponters and Joiners union, No. 83. He
was always in thc front rank in bis
atlve days, In both his union and bis
fire company. He leaves two sons
John, of tho Bricklayers and .Motions,
and Peter of tho Carpentors union,
both delegates to the Halifax Tradea
and Labor council, ono as assistant
Secretary, and the other ns a mem
her  of tho  executive  committee.
Musicians Arrange Benefit
Musicians' Benevolent Society of
Vancouver will givo a benefit concert
on Sunday, Mnrch 16, lo be hold ln
tbo Orpheum theatre. A very fine
musical programme has heen arranged) and every indication points to
the Orpheum being woll filled on this
particular evening. The demnnd foi
tickets is already very keen.
Be sure to notify the post office as
soon as you change your address.
A dangerous demagogue Is a mnn
who baa no respect for a million dollars.—Detroit Free Press.
U. S. REQUIREMENTS
Authorities Require Declaration Form
on AU Pared Post to
United States
The United States authorities require that on and after the 1st of
April next, customs declaration (form
91-b) be attached to all parcels of
general merchandise (parcel post),
prepaid at parcel post rates, posted
in Canada addressed for delivery in
the United States. They further require that commercial invoices or
statements of value be enclosed with
books prepaid at printed matter rate,
also ln sealed parcels of general merchandise prepaid at letter rate, posted
ln Canada addressed for delivery ln
the United States.
Facts Misrepresented — Labor
Creates Atmosphere of Confidence—New Diplomacy .
RECORD FOR THREE WEEKS
BRITISH DELEGATE
Before Congress of French Socialists Justifies Action of Labor
Party Taking Office
GERMAN MERCHANT FLEET
Long Hours in Ruhr Mean Disappearance of Eight-hour Day
in Great Britain
[British Labor Press Service]
[Robert "WilliamB, secretary of the
National Transport Workers' Federation, attended the congress of the
French socialist party, held recently
at Marseilles, as the representative of
the British labor party. In his address to the congress he justified the
action of tho British labor pnrty in
taking office.]
TF THB British Labor party refused
the invitation to form a government after the defeat of the conservative administration, the liberals,
Mr. Williams said, would automatically be compelled to take ofllce, and
immediately the conservative party
would have become the principal
party in opposition, relegating labor
to an Ineffective third placo. There
were, of course, obvious disadvantages
in the present situation, but the voice
of the whole rpovement, as expressed
through the Labor party executive,
the general council of tho Trades
Union congress, and the unanimous
vote of tho parliamentary party itself,
was to the offect that a labor ministry
should be formed. Mr. Williams de
clared that the British labor party and
the movement In general desired tho
heartiest co-oporatnlon with democratic France, not, of course, to tbe disadvantage of any other country in the
world, but with the view of forming
a leaguo of democratic peoples which
would prevont war and work steadily
and systematically towards the supersession of the capitalist system by the
foundation of a co-operative commonwealth. Tho success of the labor
party (he proceeded) was largoly due
to tbe gradual process of distlluslon-
ment which had come to the British
peoplo since the fatal khaki election
of 1018, and more and moro the working class of Great Britain were realizing tbe economic fallacies underlying
the claim for fantastic reparations and
indemnities from tbo defeated states,
They bad received as a form of reparation payment some two or throe
million tons of German shipping, and
his own profound conviction was that
It would have been better for the British shipbuilding Industry and conjee
turally for the working class us a
whole had the Gorman mercantile
fleet beon destroyed as relentlessly as
the Gei-man high seas fleet had been
destroyed at Scnpa Flow.
The figures of unemployment jn
Groat Britain revealed that unemployment was far away more prevalent In tho shipbuilding centres than
In other pails of the country, nnd that
while Germnn .shipbuilding technique
and lahor were employed to tbe maximum, the British shipbuilding industry was falling Into decay, which could
be directly attributed to our receipt
of Gorman mercantile tonnage.
For over four years England and
France with their allies had boon engaged In a titanic struggle to destroy
Prussian militarism in tho fiold, but
today they wore confronted hy the
fact tbnt having witnessed the uso of
our man-power to destroy Prussian
militarism, the international financiers
and capitalists were using the slave-
labor of the German masses ln the
competition of the world market to
bring our wnges and conditions down
to the appalling levels of the German.
In two of Britain's chief Industries
—mining nnd engineering—they saw
tbat conditions bad gone down below
the lovcls obtaining in 1814. and if
the Franch cnpltnllsts, working in
collusion with the Stlnnes, Knipps,
Thyssens and Ihe rest in the Ruhr
and elsewhere were successful in increasing the eight-hour day to a ten
nr twelve-hour dny, it must, in the
long run, mean the disappearance of
the eight-hour day in Great Britain.
It was wilh these things permanenl
ly in mind thai British lahor desired
that the French socialist party would
be as successful In the elections to ho
held in May as were their British comrades in Ddfcetuber.
Union cards have been placod by
the Musicians local in Belvedere
Court, Main stroet, K. P, hall, Eighth.
avenue, and Elks' Club hall, South
Vancouver.
Ex-premier Baldwin Says Some
Nice Things About British
Labor Party
[By Tom Richardson, ex-M. P.]
'THE advent of a labor government
In Britain, as was expected, is producing a form of press propaganda,
especially for consumption outside of
Britain, designed to misrepresent and
sabotage the Macdonald administration. A. G. G, Gardiner, one-time
editor of the London Dally News, and
author of "Priests, Profits and Kings,"
a book we shall refer to on another
occasion, Jn his weekly contribution
to the Vancouver Sunday Sun, has not
only shown strong bias, but in several
particulars has made statements that
are not true. This is particularly true
of his article In the last issue of the
Sunday "Sun. Gardiner says: "The
French press complains that the return of thc labor government in Sing-
land has caused a disastrous change
of atmosphere." That Is m$re folly.
No matter what government was in*
power ln England, resistance to Poln-
care's impossible policy would he the
same. The word "atmosphere" used
by Gardiner Ib significant, in as much
as the British prime minister in his
first speech in the house of commons,
stated specifically, that one of his objects In his dealings with France was
to create a new atmosphere, and proceeded to say that only by frank, firm
and open diplomacy, as against the
ambiguous and secret diplomacy of
past governments—liberal and tory
aiike--»dld he believe such results
con Id be attained; that Macdonald's
new method of diplomacy In principle
and spirit, including being, courteous,
has resulted in a new atmosphere,
which has been created, not only in
France and " England, but right
throughout the civilized world, is becoming recognized. ThlB Is one ot
thek obvious and beneficial results
achieved In foreign affairs. That that
Is so, Is quite evidont.
Atmosphere or Confidence
Amongst other evidences that might
he quoted from pross comments publishod are thoso of our Vancouver
Province of March 8, as follows:
Tho Westminster Gazette suggests
that "These letters nro less notes between two premiers than messages for
the education of public opinion In
each country."
All that tbe letters accomplish, and
all that they are designed to accomplish," points out tho London Times,
Is to create an atmosphere of confidence between France and Greut Britain.",.
Tbe Dally Mall, with its strong
French sympathy, accepts Poincnro's
letter as a "perrtctly friendly, convincing and logical su m mary of f he
French position, which ought to do
much to clear the political atmosphere."
The Dally Express says: "He has
hind him his own party, Lhe liberal
party and a large and Increasing section of tbe conservative party. He
represents the preponderating majority of bis countrymen. He has strength
where his predecessor bad weakness."
Hulled with Joy   .
Paris, March 3,—The correspondence between the British and French
premiers Is hailed by most of tho
Paris newspapers as of first Importance, and tho majority print the letters In full.
The Petit Parisien, the most wldcly-
clrculated newspaper, appealing tb the
ave rago Frenchman, sflys the documents form In some measure a preamble to more definite and wider pour
parlors to he undertaken when the expert reparations committees have finished their tasks,
Publication of the correspondence,
it adds, has the Immense advantage of
showing the United States that If the
Franco-British agreemont becomes a
reality, she al last will have before
hor, ns Premier Macdonald says: "A
united Europe, anxious by mutual sacrifice and arrangement, to cure the
Ills from which our people are now
I (Taring,"
When A. G. G. states that tho
chnnge of government and change of
policy has caused a disastrous change
of atmosphere, hostile to the government, his statoment Is ubsolutoly untrue. What of his othor statemont,
quoted above, as follows: "No matter
what governmont was In power resistance to Poincnro's Impossible policy would he the name?" Does Mr.
Gardiner expect his renders, and ln
particular the working clnss, so soon
to forget the consistent record of both
liberal and conservatives alike, ovor
the last five yearn? No, no, Mr. Gardiner. You presume too much upon
the Innocence or ignorance of your
readers. At long last, the average citizen Is suspicious, and fow, if any, have
any longer, any faith In your brand
of politics or your willingness to present lo your renders, a fair statement
of the factB.
In another paragraph, Mr. Gardiner
says: "Meanwhile, Macdonald's govornment is Hotting firmly In the saddle. It Ih turning out very mueh liko
otber governments." We have rend
"by thoir fruits ye shall know them."
Whnt are the facts? The British parliament opened with tho labor prime
minister at tbe helm on February 12,
1924.
(Continued on page 4) PAGE TWO
sixteenth year, no. io BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancohvbr; nr__
FRIDAY March  7,   11
British Cohmbia Federationist
Published every Friday by
The   British Columbia  Federationist
Business snd Editorial OSu, 1129 Howe Bt.
 Bdltor:  Qeorge Birth?	
Subscription Bate: United States snd Foreign, fS.OO per yesr; Canada, M.50 per
yew, |l-S0 ter lix months; to Urtfbaa inb-
■erlblnf In a body, 16c per member per
month. .
would have it do, and that such actions, on their part, are not conducive
to the common good. What are the
trades unions ahd kindred labor forces
In this city and province going to do
In this matter? The right of free association Is at stake.
FBIDAY March 7,  1*24
GOMPEKS AND RUSSIA
MR. GOMPERS is lately reported
to have said lhat "BrltlBh recognition of the aoviot government Is an
act hostile to domocracy and An act
that the British government and the
British people will regret." We can-
hot but feel that Mr. iGompers has
gone far afield when he chooses to
make such a statement. And, too, lt
makes one feel that there ls decidedly
lacking within hfs mentality the broad
International outlook which Is necessary for everyone of us to achieve—
especially for those Whb are or who
would be our leaders—before we can
hope for the world's peace and prosperity. We believe Mr. Gompers is
wrong, and thftt the pages of history,
in tho not too distant future, will
record this prophecy as being wrong.
NATIONALIZATION
UNDER bhe heading, "Paradise of
Fools," the London Daily Mall
states: "The labor party's plan for
nationalization of industries would involve a step backwards, and if carried
out wouid Injure all our Industries. . ,
that the cost of freight and fares
here is already high enough without
having it further raised by mad experiments, carried out by people who
may have excellent intentions, but
,who know nothing of large-scale
businoss,"
The lnsisten and persistent attacks
made upon nationalization of industries, by our contemporaries, only the
more firmly Axes In our minds the
belief that there is even more to nationalization that we might at flrst
have thought, rfuch furious onslaughts
are not made on idle fancies. The
dally press of our land—with but
few exceptions, the servant of
the big interests—would have us
believe that nationalization or government ownorship has been nothing but a dismal failure and that
It will always remain so. It has never
been and never will be a failure. The
principle Is right and will always remain so. The men who try to operate It may be failures. They may
sell our birth-right for a mess of pottage and they may be dishonest in
the extreme. Wherever government
ownorship has been, what might be
termed a failure, you can rest assured that the cause of the failure
can be traced to tbe corrupting Influence of private ownorship somewhere, somehow. The outrageous
prices that have been paid and are
paid by the governments of the world
today for anything in the form of
building sites, or for rolling stock, or
for raw materials, etc., which might
be necessary to put ovor such enterprises as might be suggested under a
system of nationalization, are such as
to damn any project bofore It starts.
Why are the prices so largo? In almost every case it will be agreed that
a considerable amount of the purchase
price returns In devious ways to the
pockets of the government's stalwart
political supporters. If nationalization does not succeed It ls not because
it cannot, but because lt Is not al
lowed to by those who today control
the Industrial and political destiny of
our country.
The matter of nationalization will
receive considerable attention in the
near future lu this publication, and in
a manner that will not only ho interesting and instructive, but also constructive in its outlook.
OPEN AND ABOVE BOARD
DIPLOMACY
r' IS with a feeling of great relief
that the public at large are taking
to the hew Idea of open, honest and
frank diplomacy as adopted by
Premier Macdonald in his dealings
with France, It is td this, no doubt,
that J. L. Garvin, when writing in the
London Observer referred, when he
wrote: "The advent of Labor marks
an end of an epoch and the commencement of a new one. Politics
can never again be the same." The
old idea of diplomatic secrecy, trickery ahd hypocrlcy has gone forever.
It has produced nothing but war. It
was used by high finance and big business for their own ends, and with absolute disregard for the rights of the
people, who bore, the brunt of their
evil doings and who were forced,
through ho fault of their own, to sacrifice on the alter of selfishness and
greed, millions of lives and to suffer
the tortures of the damned. Women
gave up their husbands, their sweethearts, all that was near and dear to
them in this life, feeling that they
were being true to their country and
their God when, as a matter of fact,
it was nothing more or less than a
cruel and needless sacrifice to the
god of high finance—the greed for
power and authority on the part of
our modern capitalists. It has brought
them nothing but misery, suffering
and starvation, for themselves and
loved ones. It has brought unemployment to untold millions of men
throughout the world, and Instead of
making another war a remote possibility, has created that spirit of revenge which, unless dealt with frankly, honestly and fearlessly, will lead
us Inevitably into another world catastrophe, tho like of which we have
never seen before. The old Idea of
secret diplomacy has been proven to
be, beyond all question a dismal failure, and we can do nothing better
than cast It Into the discard of relgate
it to the 'limbo of the forgotten past.'
Nemesis—The article headed "In
the Lap of the Future" Is crowded out
of this issue, but will appear next
week,
■■■.■..>..» iiii.mnin..ti » fn i 1.1 i I, tll|„i.i|n|i i
Needs of Modern
Conservatism
Legislation Concerning
Health and Education
i.nnii
[The following is the third of a*
series of four articles by a well-known
local medical authority on proposed
legislation regarding health and education, and will appear in these columns from time to time.—Ed.]
UNCALLED-FOR INTERFFRENOE
rIS with no small amount of alarm
that all labor men will view the
attitude assumed by some of the
boards of trade Of this provinco In
interfering with the Cranbrook strike
and their attitude towards the strikers,
be they members of the I. W. W, or
any other organization. To protest
against such an uncalled-for Interference Involves ft principle, because If
there is ono thing more than another
that causes A feeling of animosity to
develop in the minds of the workers in
general towards our modern industrial
system, it is the attitude assumed by
such bodies against all working class
movements. There has rarely, lf ever,
been an open, straightforward ahd
honest effort made by such bodies as
these to get thc truth, the whole truth
and nothing but the truth. Almost invariably they derive their Information
from a biased and prejudiced source,
and worst of ail, they willingly lend
their names and prestige ho a weapon
to be used in the hands of the big Interest against the workers. To all
wage-earners It would seem that It III
becomes such bodies As the boards of
trade to so belittle themselves. Surely
the saner element among them must
see that, when the day arrives, as ar
rive lt will, when the workers, tho
masses, have to assume the function
of governing) they are not helping to
develop In their hearts the spirit of
goodwill find l-totheiiy love—or which
they So often speak—and which we
all feel is ah absolute necessity, lf
thiB old ffdrtd Of ours ts to operate In
the harmonious fashion that we alt
'pHERE appeared in the London
Times, England, of date Fob. 7th,
a letter written by "Bledlsloe." To
the labor and socialist element It will
serve as another Incident which
should stir them to still greater efforts, It points out the short-sightedness of the policy which has been
adopted by the conservative party of
late years, towards the social maladies of which socialism is but tho outward manifestation. This is surely a
step along the pathway of human
progress. Emlnatfng from the source
It has, It Is, to say the very least, most
Interesting.   It reads as follows:
"To the editor of the Times: The
Duko of Rutland's letter will have
been rend with profound relief by
many whose loyalty to their tradl-
tlonnl party has of late been subjected
to an almost intolerable strain.
As a fervent Disraelian who can find
little or no Disraellsm in the tenents
or tho public utterances of the leaders of the older political parties, may
I presume to suggest that it is not
change of leadership tbat modern conservatism needs, but chnnge of .faith
and of aim among those Influential
persons who determine Its destinies,
but who do not appear adequately to
reflect lhe post-war Ideals of great
masses of a preponderantly conservative population? If some of the stimulating Idealism, the cournge, and,
above all, tbe vision, of Disraeli could
but Inspire our leaders—as thousands
of humble, Gud-fenrlng Englishmen
are praying that they yet may—there
would lie today unprecedented opportunities for the beneficent work of a
once great party. But tbe creed or
the Glasgow rectorial speech (delivered by the ablest and most powerful
exponent of modern conservatism),
the widely and forcibly expressed
contempt for the League of Nations
and Its work, and violent tirades
against socialism without any determined and continuous effort to probe
and check at their sourco those social maladies of which it Is the outward manifestation, appear to evoke
but little enthusiasm among the rank
and file of a political army who once
found In conservatism not morely the
pnth of ordered progress but also, to
some extent, the counterpart ln the
sphere of public affairs of the wholesome altruistic environment of the
homo of their childhood. The Impoverishment, material and spiritual, of
the countryside (which the fiscal protection of urban Industries can only Intensify) Is not the leaBt of tho ob
stack's, resulting from apathy or my
opia, which beset the path of the
party which was once, but Is no ton
ger, deeply rooted therein.
Moreover, ln a country where the
common stock of wealth Is materially
diminished, but where the great and
Increased affluence of the few Is reflected In the corresponding Indigence
of the many—Including ln tho latter
category thousands of poople of good
education and of gentle borth—any
party which may appear to put a premium upon wealth, either In the trend
of Its policy or In the choice of its
parliamentary candidates, Is bound
ultimately to divide the community
politically Into "the Haves" and "tho
Have-nots." In that event thoro will
be no lack of men and womon of pub'
tic school nnd university training to
be found In the latter,, camp. This Is
not a lino bf cleavage which can make
for the spiritual dovelopment of a na-
RESOLUTION No. 2B, Provincial
**■ Party convention—Health Insurance.
Whereas—It Is in the general interest that proper medical and hospital treatment shall be brought within
the reach of the humblest citizen.
And whereas, the municipal ahd
hospital authorities are bearing a
heavy financial burden quite beyond
their present resources;  therefore be
it
iiesotved—That the Incoming Provincial party executive be Instructed
to gather data oh health insurance on
a contributory basis with a view to
reaching an early solution of the problem.
Some centuries ago, child education
was left solely to individual enterprise. Gradually this gave place to
collective action, till how lt Is, in civilized countries, universally taken for
granted that the state take care of the
education af the child, providing for
same financially, by generalized taxation. No one suggests a return to
former conditions—it would generally
be regarded as a retrograde move.
The Romans claimed that to have a
sound mind requires a healthy body
(mens sana ln corpore sano). The
body and mind being inseparable develop co-ordinately, and proper development requires thought for, nnd
attention to, both together. The mind
may be influenced more or less by
every physical defect. Insanity Itself
is oftimes due to seperate bodily ailment. It would seem logical for the
state to look after and provide for the
health of its citizens, as well as of
their education, As a matter of fact
It does, and as the years go by, to an
ever-increasing extent. The ravages
of the black death, small pox, cholera
and other scourges, taught their lessons, and as the causes, and means
of spread of epidemics has been understood, steps more and more adequate have been taken to obliterate
or control them. The building of the
Panama canal was made possible
through the control of malaria and
yellow fever by the obliterataion of
the varieties of mosquitoes which were
responsible for the spread. By the con-,
trol of water supplies, such epidemics
as typhoid fever have been reduced
to a minimum. Vaccination has mitigated and almost abolished the
dreadful smallpox ravages rampant
down to the 18th and 19th centuries.
The obliteration of tetanus (lockjaw) amongst the wounded during the
late war, was outstanding. The care
and treatment of the insane, management of hospitals, medical examl
nation of school childron, are now all
community charges. The cost of dispensaries for the treatment of venereal diseases, will be more than repaid
by the reduction of the number of
patients who otherwise would later
flnd their way to tho hospitals for the
treatment of the insane.   "
It was a great stop forward when
states provided Insurance against accl
dents to workmen ln industrial estab
Hshments, under Workmen's Compen
sation boards. Threo fold rcsponsl
bility Is recognized as due to the state
Itseif, the proprietors of the Industry
and the workman himself. By the
elimination of accident insuranco com
pany profits, also lawyer and court
costs in litigation, state accident in
surance has redounded to the benefit
of all insured.
It would again seom logical, that If
It Is wise during health to insure
against accident, tho same would apply to insurance during health against
illness. The compensation board commissioners have gone on record as to
the distressing cases observed by
them that should have been provided
for by state sickness insurance.
Lodges, clubs and beneflt societies
generally, recognizing this have made
sueh provision.
The government of British Colum
bla appointed a commission to enquire
into this question, and made a report
which is said to have been favorable,
but It has never been published.
While the rich can secure the best,
and thc destitute have It provided for
them In the hospitals, to the main
body of citizens, illness comes as an
added financial calamity. All ln
health, should be able to Insure against
the diy of ill-health, for medical and
hospital aid. Professor Irving Fisher,
of Yale university, a great political
economy authority, says: "We conclude that health Insurance ln the
United States is needed ln order to
tide the workers over the grave emergencies incident to Illness, as well as
tn order to reduce Illness itself, lengthen life, abate poverty, Improve work
Ing power, raise tho wage level, and
diminish the causes of Industrial discontent. It Is not a panacea, It will
not bring the millenium. But there
Is no other measure now before the
public which equals the power of
health insurance toward social regeneration,"
Professor Fisher has by statistics,
thrown great light on the whole question, Including the enormous sum estimated as waste to the state, owing
to preventable sickness. His figures
applied to British Columbia would in
dicate that the monetary value of
preventable illness, runB into millions
of dollars annually.
The present system ls economically
unsound. When doctor's clionts are
well, his income ceases, and when the
client's Income stops owing to Ill-
health, the further burden of doctor,
nurse and hospital Is added. Every
day's illness is to the benefit of those
whose profession or calling is connected with the healing art. Under state
health Insurance, It is In the interest
of the employer, the employee, the
state and the physician to prevent 111*
ness, and keep the beneficiary well
The loss due to illness and death Is
distributed according to proportional
responsibility, among the state, the
employer and the employee himself,
thus automatically making those responsible, carry out measures to prevent Illness and death.
The secretary of the provincial
board of health' of British Columbia
has recently stated, that state health
insurance Is bound to come. This
would be provided for by a special
tax, and ln the case of employees, the
cost apportioned to the state, the employer and the employee. This must
needs' be made compulsory for all employers and employees, lf adopted, just
as with the Workmen's Compensation
board. For other citizens, outside of
this group, a voluntary system could
be established. The plan could provide for a free choice of physician,
Away from centres of population,
health centres, dispensaries and
community nurses could be established.
Dr. C. S. Warren, surgeon United
States Health Service, says: "it" is a
significant fact that no country that
has enacted sickness insurance laws,
has ever repealed them, but instead,
many countries have broadened and
strengthened them." Those who have
had the beneflt of the far from perfect system of Great Britain, both patients and physicians would not willingly return lo the old system. Dr.
Alfred-Cox, medical secretary of the
British Medical association, states
confidently, "not one doctor in one
thousand who is doing national health
Insurance work would willingly go
back to the old system."
tlon or for its domestic peace.   Con
sorvatism la deserving of a nobler role
than the mere deronce of wealth.
Yours faithfully,       BLEDISLOE.
Oxford nnd Cambridge Club, Feb. 6,
It would soem that the light Is beginning to dawn, faint though it may
be, in the conservative camp.    Here
again,   labor  has  further  reason  to
feel that progress Is being made ln
the right direction.
Wit and Humor
Generous nt Times
. "Republics are ungrateful," remarked the ready-made phllosopehr.
"Sometimes," replied Farmer Corn-
tosael. "And yet every now and then
somebody gets elected to offlce ln a
way that shows a republic kin be terrible forgiving."—Washington (D. C.)
Star.
Letting; HIM Down Easy
A rich man lying On his death bed,
called his chauffeur who had been in
his service for years, and said;
"Ah, Sykes, I am going on a long
and rugged Journey, worse than ever
you drove me."
"Well, sir," consoled the chauffeur,
"there is one comfort. It's all downhill."
Public Ownership
I regard the great trusts which are
springing up as a stage in economic
progress, which will in turn give way
to a democracy of public ownership
and control," says W. Graham, M. P.
Persuade the Nations
The British labor government will
endeavor to persuade tho nations of
the world that the use of air forces to
make war more brutal and slaughter
easier Is something to be discouraged,
says W. Leach, M. P.
Ass Impromptu Speaker
The new preacher was asked lf he
would like any special hymn to be
sung to agree with his sermon.
"No," he replied. ."The fact is, I
hardly ever know what I am going to
say until t arrive In the pulpit."
"Well,*in that case," said the vicar,
"perhaps we'd better have that hymn
For Those at Sea'."
Too Olose
A negro went into a bank down
South to get a cheque cashed. He
stood in line a long time and Anally
his turn came. Just as ho got to the
window the teller put up a sign: "The
Bank is Busted."
The Negro—"What do you mean,
the bank ls busted?"
Teller—"Well, it is, that's all; It's
busted—didn't you ever hear of a
bank being busted?"
Tho Negro—"Yes; but I nevor had
one bust right In my face before."—
The Christian-Evangelist (St. Louis.)
Depends on Hank and Fllo
Tho work of the British labor party
depends not only on the labor cabinet,
but on the rank and flle of the movement, observes Col. Josiah Wedgwood,
M. P.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
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When Wanting Printing of any kind
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the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prices.
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AMD BOOKBINDERS
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
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'PHROUGH every process in the
A brewing of "Cascade" runs the
predominating thought of "purity"
—it jealously guards its right to be
classed ai a "pure tonic beverage."
Think of that When buying beer-
then you'll INSIST on "Cascade."
VANCOUVER BREWERIES
Thli advertisement Is sot published or
displayed by the Liquor Control Board or
by tbe Government of Brltlih Columbia
iniiniiii
... hiiili ,i*i ■ ,
store Open, at > a.m. Use,
Clone at 6 p.m.
The Neat Belied Suit Is
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'PHERE are many who favor the more conserva-
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Suits of finger-tip length with skirts of the hvo-
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These are of Tricotine and Poiret Twill, with novelty
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designed with notched collar and link button fastening. All are silk-lined and are beautifully tailored
throughout.   Wanted sl_es at $39.50 to $65.00.
—Dry-dale's Garment Shop, Third Floor.
670 OranviUe Street
Phone Seymonr 8640
Lending Statesman
Premier Ramsay Macdonald has
shown himself to be possessed of thoso
qualities essentia) to the- leading
statesman of the world, declares F.
O. Roberts, M. P.
That naturalist who says our wild
life Js disappearing must be a Philadelphia^.—Duluth Herald.
'Famous' Extension in Progress
Finest Ladles' Ready-to*. Wear Store
in Vancouvor Now in the Malting
BEN   alteration,   to   tho   adjoining
storo   nro   completed,  ours will bo
tke greatest ladles' outfitters In town—
watch for opening announcement.
w
King np Phone Seymonr MI_
(or appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suits   S01   Dominion   Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Famous SSVS
Ud.
623 HASTINGS STBBBT WBST
TTAVE you ever had a real drink
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To meet the desires of many clients,
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either pure sweet or government regulation 2% hard apple older. Theie drinks
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VAN BROS. LTB.
Older Manufacturers
1956 Commercial Drive, VanceuTflr, B. 0.
OHEAP NIGHT RATES
TVTE just know you adore a "bargain,"
** 'most everybody does, and oven publio utility companies offer them I
Hold your Long Distance social conversations between the hours of 7 p.m,
and 8 a.m., wben wo give you a conversation lasting three times tbat of the day
Serlod allowed at the regular day rate to
. O. Telephono Company stations. Now
what could be more alluring!
Gall the "Rate Clerk" for charges or
other particulars.
B. O. TELEPHONE  OOMPANT
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UM O-orfU. Strut j
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Everything Modern ■
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EMPIRE CAFE
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HASTINGS   AND   COLUMBIA
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CAPITAL $  8,000,000
RESERVE and UNDIVIDED
PROFITS     2,067,074
TOTAL ASSETS -__ 128,299,679
The Bank's Annual Statement has just been issued ancj
copies thereof are available for anyone, on application, at any
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NEW BOO
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"Diogenei" of the Vanoouve_ Daily Provinoe
VERSES FOR M
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A SPLENDID PBESENT.   AT ALL B00KST0BES
Prioe, Cloth $1.60; Paper, $1.00 FRIDAY March  7,   1924
sixteenth Y&AR. -_»«. io BftlTlSH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouvbr. fe a
PAGE THREE
You cafl
look younger
and feel^ considerably better in health, tbo, if you Will
only decide now to replace your worn-out, useless teeth
with my perfected
Expression Plates
the ultimate emcees, of many years of specializing ln dental
places. Oet my estimate on this work. The small cost will
surprise you. Obey that urge—phone today—now—for appointment.
Dr. Brett Anderson
17 Years' Practice In Vancouvor
Formerly member of the Faculty of the College of Dentistry,
. University of Southern. California; lecturer on  Crown and
Bridgework, demonstrator on Platework and Operative Dentistry, Loral and Oeneral Amssthesla.
602 Hastings Stntt W&t Phone, Seymour 3381
Corner Seymonr—Bank of Nova Scotia Building
Open Wednesday Afternoons, Tuesday
aid IRrlday Evenings
Prisons for the Mind
m—■■'■am
X-Bay
Pilau and
Diagnosis
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVER     TBADBS   .ABD     LABOB
Council — President, B. H. Neelands, U.
L. A.; general secretary, Percy B, Bengoagk.
Otto*: 80S Holden Building. Phone Sey.
7495. Meete In Labor Hall at 8 p.m. on
tba flrat and third Tuesdays In month.
ALLIED  PUNl'iaa TBADBS COUNCIL—
Maata aecond Monday ln tha month.   President, J. B. White; secretary, B, H. Meal*
anda. V. Q. Box -■
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY, Room 111—
319 Pendor Bt. Wost—Business meetings
evory Wednesday evening, A. Haolnnis.
ohalrman; fi. H. Morrison, sec-treaa.; Geo.
D. Harrison, 1183 Parker Street, Vancouver,
B. 0., corresponding aeoretary.
Any district In British Columbia desiring
information re securing speakers or the formation of lucal branches, kindly communicate
, with provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
634 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. C. TBlf
pbone Soymour 1392, or Fairmont 4933.
BAKEKY SALESMEN, LOOAL 871— MeaU
second Thursday every month In Holdon
Building. President, J. Brlghtwell; finanoial
secrotary, H. A. Bowion, 928—llth Avenue
East.             ■
BROTHERHOOD
INTBRNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD Of
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Helpers of America, Local 194—Meetings flrat
and third Mondays in each month In Holdon
Building. President, P. Willis; seoretary, A.
Fraser.   Offloe hours, 0 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 5
BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS—If you need
bricklayers or masons for boiler worka,
etc., or marble setters, phone Brieklayera*
Union, 811 Holden Bntlding.	
CIVIC EMPLOYEES UNION—Meeta first
and third Fridays In eaeh month, at 445
Richards Street. President, David Cuthlll,
2852 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Geo.
Harrison, 1188 Parker Btreet.
Harrison, im* <■>».. ^.—     ___    ___
ENQ1NEERB — INTERNATIONAL UNION
of Steam and Operating, Local 882—
Meets evory Wednesday at 8 p.m., Room
80S Holden Bldg. Preaident, Charles Price;
business agent and financial secretary, F. L.
Hnot; recording secretary, J. T. Venn*
CITY   FIREFIGHTERS   UNION   NO.   18—
President, Noil MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
secretary, 0. A- Watmin, No. 8 Firehall.
GENERAL    LABORERS    UNION—MEE1S
every first and third Monday In Holdeu
Building. President, J. R. Hawthorne; flnanclal secretary, A. Padgham, Joyce Road P, 0.,
Vancouver, B, Cf recording socretary, Q.
Tether, 2349— 45th Ave. East, Vancouver,
B. 0.
p. ■*>.	
MACHINISTS LOCAL 002—Preaident, Thofl.
Sills; secretary, W. Warehara; business
agont, P. R. Bengough. Offlce: 807 Holden
Building. Meets on second and fourth Tuesdays in month.
MUSICIANS MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
UNION, Local 145, A. F. ot M.—Meets at
Moose Hall, Homer Street, socond Sunday,
«t 16 a,m. President, Ernest 0. Miller, 991
Nelson Street; secretary, Edward Jamleson,
991 Nelson Street; financial secretary, W, E.
Williams, 991 Nelson Street;  organiser, F.
Fletchor,_ 991 Nolgon Street.	
FEDERATED  SEAFARERS'  UNION OF B.
.  0.—Meoting nights, first Tuesday and Srd
,   Friday of each month at headquarters, 318
Cordova Street West.    President, D. Gillespie; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary-
I, treasurer, Wm. Donaldson, addreaa 818 Cor
dova Street West.   Branch agent's address:
* George Faulknor,  57S  Johnson  Street,  Victoria B. 0.	
STREET AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY  EM-
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
K. P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
:. 3rd Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p-m.  Pre-
f aident, F.  A. Hoover, 8409 Clarke Drive;
J   recording socrotary, F. E. Griffin,  447—6th
I  Ave. East;  treanuror, A F. Andrew;  flnan-
V clal socretary and business agent, W. H. Got-
~ trell, 186—17th Ave. W.   Offlce, oorner Prior
•_ «>d Main Streets.   Phone Fairmont 460"4X
' THE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDER-
1     ATION—Meets at 091 NeUon Street, at 11
{ a.m. on the Tuesday preceding the 1st Sun-
i- day of tbe month.   President, li. A. Jamie-
f aon, 991 Nelson St.; Seoretary, 0. H. Wll-
;  Hams, 991 Nelson St ; Business Agent,   F.
i Fletcher, 991 Nelson St.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 328—Presl-
dent, R. P. Pettipiece: vice-president. J.
M. Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelanda, P. 0. Box 60. MeeU laat Sunday of
eaeh month at 3 p.m. In Holden Building, 16
, Hastlnga Street Eaat.	
J PRINCE       RUPERT       TYPOGRAPHICAL
UNION,  No.  418—President,   8.  D.  Maedonald,  secretary-treasurer,  J.  M.  Campbell,
P. 0. Bos 689.   Meeta last Thursday ot each
aonth.       __.     . i      .. r   ■      i    i   ■■
WORKER^ HRTY 0* CANADA—808*
Pender Street Wast. Bullous meetings
«arr ltt md 3rd Wednesday every month.
J. Oaraandale, corresponding seeretary; G.
'Tether, financial aecreUry; 3. Halliday,
braneh organiser.
Fantaslo Act at Orpheum
[Vaudeville at ita best and brlghtoat
is reflected In thts week's bill at the
Orpheum.    "The Land of Fahtasie,"
| an   extraordinarily   bright   headliner
I revue Is Indeed a superb offering pre-
tsented by a company of  29  people.
Bit Is scintillating and a most fascln-
i atlng combination of excellent danc-
J ing, pretty costumes, wonderful melo-
W dies,  all  presented  ln  Ave   gorgeous
_ scenes.     "Radfana"   is   a   beautiful
j. scene   ln  which   gowns  and  scenery
1 become luminous.  Mite, Stasia Ledova
. _  premiere ballerina,  W.  Wanta,  a
I famous Russian dancer, Jimmy Lyons,
a comedian and the  Eight English
Rockets are all featured attractions
ln this aot, whtch cost $40,000 to produce, and which holds records as tho
most gorgeous production In vaudeville today.   Prolonged rounds of ap-
i plause greet this act at each performance for tt ls the brightest offering of
the season.
B    Fred Fenton and Sammy Field pro-
Vide a riot of laughter.   Their songs,
humor and step dancing bring down
the house, for tt ts of the droll nature
best    appreciated.      Qeorge    Austin
Moore, of the happy personality and
1 Cordelia    Haager   Have    a    comedy
sketch,   refreshing  and   good,   called
("tt's ot Botng Done Any More," and
they establish immediate favoritism.
The Three Original Blanks, European
COFFEE
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin1'
A Million Homes Lacking
IE one million homes were suddenly provided in the United States, the
people of the country would not be as
well on* for shelter as they were In
1916, according to the National Housing association conference. Lacking
that many new homes, middle and
working class families today are existing under conditions which pro
mote "disease, worry, anarchy, and
Immorality," conference workers say.
"Blossom Time"
This musical play went Into New
York some three years ago, and remained there month after month, until moro than two years, Anally rolled
away. No such music ever had been
honrd before on the light opera or
musical comedy stage. Now "Blossom Time" is on tour, going north,
south, east and west, to weave Its
shimmering, web oC joy over many
other heads. It comes to tho Orpheum thoatre, Monday and Tuesday,
March 10 and 11, with the original
New York Century Theatre company
nnd production absolutely intact, as it
was presonted In New York city. Into
tho score of "Blossom Time" are
heard tho "Unfinished Symphony,",
"Ave Maria," "The Serenade," "March I
Mllltalre," "Moment Musicale," "The1
Brook," the famous "Two Waltzes,"
strains from the ballet "Rosamunde,"
"Hark, hark, the Lark," "Why?" and
the "Melody Trlste." Others are
there, too.
Dorothy Donnelly wrote the libretto. Schubert has gone Into the home
of the count as musical Instructor for
his daughters. It was one of the vory
few times in his life that he had a
position, but It counted Uttle in the
long run. He fell In love with Countess Caroline Esterhazy, but never
had the courage to tell her of tt. It
ls said to havo written "The Serenade"
for her.
[The Nation] '
rpHOSE who are given to sotting
forth facts in the form of charts
or graphs would flnd an Interesting
study in curves and. angles in tracing
the course of the movement to restrict freedom of thought and speech
Bince the world war. There would
b'e fluctuations and changes quite as
remarkable as In lines showing the
movement of, say. foreign immigration or the French exchange rate.
Immediately after the armistice the
forces of restriction were directed towards suppressing any new political
or economic theories. There was a
general attaack upon radicalism in
poUtlcal or tabor "Organizations, led by
Attorney General Palmer, the American Legion, chambers of commerce,
and rotary clubs. The leadership and
the animus obviously came from gov*
ernment circles and from big business.
The federal government prevented ihe
impending coal strike by intimidating
In the courts the officers of the United
Mine Workers; the department of justice revelled in ah orgy of Illegal raids
Upon reds and wholesale deportation
of aliens; the states tumbled over each
others' heels ln passing "anti-sedition"
and "anti-syndicalism" taws more
drastic than anything during the war
Itself.
Then came a lessening of this pressure and a sudden turn of liberalism
Into the field of morals and education.
A passion developed to censor motion
pictures and to suppress plays or
books that dealt wtth the facts of life
ln anything but the conventional way.
At the same time in privately supported schools and colleges a mania appeared to restrict freedom of teaching
and even of student expression; Clark
university was disrupted and Dr.
Melklejohn was forced out of the presidency of Amherst.
Finally we have reached a stage of
Intense activity among pBuedo-religi-
ous and patriotic societies to stifle by
law the quest of truth and the guaranty of tolerance in our public schools
and state universities. Most enlightened Americans regarded it as a huge
Joke when last winter the Kentucky
legislature came within an ace of prohibiting the teaching of evolution,
That it was far from a joke ls evident
from the fact that within recent weeks
as noted fn these columns, the board
of education of North Carolina haB
pronounced against the use In public
schools of biologies that intimate "an
origin of the human race other than,
that contained in the Bible." Texas
has a law prohibiting the teaching of
evolution "as a fact," while the board
of regents of the University of Texas
has decreed that no "infidel, atheist,
or agnostic" shall be employed in
any capacity. Along with this recrudescence of religious bigotry and obscurantism Is an attempt to sap thc
integrity of scholarship and research
by laws to prevont the uso of books
that are "unpatriotic" or tend to up>
sot traditions in regard to any of our
national "heroes." Several such laws
have been passed, and New Jersey
now has before it an especially absurd
and dangerous bill for that purpose
which, wo note with pleasure, the
faculty of Princeton university Is undertaking to combat.
The most discouraging aspect of
this assault upon scientific and religious freedom is the quarter from
which it comes. This campaign, unlike that against political and economic freedom, does not spring from
big business or privilege. Its source
is not Wall street but the "great open
spaces" of the west and south. Its
proponents are of "Nordic" stock—
"original Americans." We flnd a progressive like Governor Blaine willing
nevertheless to sign a bill denaturing
the school histories in Wisconsin. This
hysteria is an enslavement of the
"plain people" by themselves—a black
hand   of  ignorance   and   superstition
trying to close the light, of future generations.
The situation was well stated at the
recent annual meeting of the American Historical association as follows:
Be It resolved, by the American
Historical association, upon the recommendation of its committee on
history teaching in the schools ahd of
Its executive couhcll, that genuine and'
intelligent patriotism, no less than the
requirements of honesty and sound
scholarship, demand that textbooks,
writers and teachers should strive to
present a truthful picture of past and
present, with due regard to the different purposes and possibilities of elementary, secondary and advanced in<
•struction; that a criticism of history1
textbooks should therefore be based
not upon grounds of patriotism, but
only upon grounds bf faithfulness to
fact as determined by specialists or
tested by consideration of the evidence; that the cultivation In pupils
of a scientific temper ln history and
the related social Sciences, bf a spirit
of inquiry and, a willingness to face
unpleasant facts, are far more Import-,
ant objectives than the teaching of
special interpretations of particular
events;      .    .    .   and
Be it further sesolved, That in the
opinion of this association, the clearly
Implied charges that many of our
leading scholars' are engaged in treasonable progaganda and that tens of
thousands,of American school teachers and officials are so stupid or disloyal as to place treasonable textbooks
In the hands of children Is inherently
and obviously absurd; and,
Be it further resolved, That the successful continuance of such an agitation must inevitably bring about a
serious deterioration both of textbooks
and of teaching, since self-respecting
scholars and teachers will not stoop
to the methods advocated.
When through with this paper, pass
It on.
LAST SHOW SAT. NIGHT
The Land of Fantasie
And a Big Vaudeville Bill
Starting Wednesday Night
Matinees Thursday, Friday, Saturday
HARRY GREfcN
 In "The Cherry Tree"
ERNEST  HIATT
OATTISON JONES and
ELSIE ELLIOTT
 '-EEVEBIE5"	
MI8S ELLEN OCTAVIO
MART HAYNES
In "Biclnsiva Sengs"	
Attractive Pictures  Concert Orchestra
 SSe, 60e,73o, 111 Phi
Hat. Weekday. Ue, ""' —     "~
Mat. Saturday. lie,
)o, 73o, |1 j
:, 2Bc, 860 V
!, 28c, 60c .
Jugglers, demonstrate that there is always something new. They execute
several wonderful stunts superbly.
Exceptionally clever also ls the sketch
"Irish Romance," featuring Robert
Rellly, Mollle Kennedy and Little
Larry. The Three Danolso Sisters are
trapeze performers of high merit,
grace, agility and beauty.
th all itS various features, this is
One 6t the very best bills of the entire season; fittingly rounded-off with
attractive picture ^features arid cbn-
cert orchestra selections.
LETTERS TO
ED
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed ls accepted by the management.]
Goat's Milk
Editor B. C. Federationist: Representations are constantly being made
through the press, urging the necessity for Investigation as to the purity,
richness and the sanitary condition of
the source of a city's milk supply.
The resolution passed by the Vancouver Trades and Labor council, dealt
with in a recent Issue, is the latest
attempt which, It Is hoped, may be,
successful. However, those who are
unable to tolerate the so-called milk;
which ls dished out dally, would be
well advised to keep a Swiss milch
goat, providing they have adequate
facilities for so doing, and the requirements are very small. Lots o{
people, especially around Vancouver|
and Victoria, have profitably solved
this eternal milk question by keeping
a goat or two, and the British Columbia Goat Breeders association, as
well as the government, ls-doing admirable work tn educating the public iby issuing, free of cost, bulletins
and pamphlets dealing with the subject. These can be obtained at the
department of agriculture, Victoria,
Personally, I have kept goats for the
past seven years, and have never been
without an average daily supply of
two quarts of fine, rich, pure and
wholesome milk for ten months of
the year, and at an approximate cost
of ten cents per day. I think It is already well-known that goat's milk
contains no Injurious basterla whatever, so requires no pasteurization, by,
which process the food value ls reduced by about 50 per cent. Further-.
more, buttei'fat tests average 6 peri
cent., as against SK per cent. In cow's
milk,    Yours, etc.,
E. THEODORE FLOWER.
Fort George, B. C„ Feb. 28, 1924.
Labor Leader's
Decision
HOPE A! 1 HELM
Premier Macdonald's Polioy Ono
of Houses, Work and International Peaoe
THE SCHEME OF INSURANCE
AIR. RAMSAY MACDONALD'S decision to take offlce was arrived at
only after careful thought and exploration of all the possibilities. Not
even his enemies would accuse him of
being a vulgar offlce seeker. In such
respects he stands above the turmoil,
Mr. Macdonald is a man of very high
Ideals, of courage, singleness of purpose and vision. Probably no man is
more keenly aware that power acts
but too frequently as a corrosive to
tho finer instincts; or, at best, blunts
and stultifies them. As prime minister
he would be ln a position replete with
social difficulties and would-be entanglements which no foreign observer
unacquainted with the subtleties woven around court influence, the traditional institution of--"patronage" and
tho "pull" of Society (with a capital
S) can adequately estimate. The old
ruling class of Britain is the ablest
In the world. It seldom goes In for
frontal attacks; it seeks to bind, to
paralyze by a thousand invisible
threads, rather than roughly to break;
not to oppose or suborn openly, but
to undermine. Ramsay ^Macdonald
and the Labor party as a whole, however, possess unexpected powers of
resistance to the calculations which
are even now being made.
It is noteworthy that the labor leader's determination to take office was
unanimously endorsed by every branch
of the movement. Not less remark-:
able was the spirit In which the decision was taken—not with impulsive
enthusiasm or vain-glorious boasting,
but with a sobriety and sense of responsibility deeply impressive and
with an acuteness of perception of all
the pitfalls and the risks. Important,
too, was the absolute blank cheque
given to the leader to construct his
own government as he pleased. His
eventual decisions may be silently
queried, even disapproved; he cannot
hope to please every one; but I doubt
lf his choice in any particular caso,
when it is made known, will be openly challenged by any section of the
movement. I can conceive of only
one possible exception to that prediction. There is something* that Is
strikingly characteristic of Macdonald. He is an Intensely human person
socially, but in public affairs, when
decisions have to bc taken, remote, reserved, aloof, his mind read by not
oven his closest intimates.
If labor ls about to rule over Britain, the government will differ from
every govornment which has preceded It, In the full expression of the
principles which inspire lt, lt will be
gravely handicapped by the actions of
Its predecessors and by the precarl-
ousness of its parliamentary position.
But the problems of the homeland, of
the commonwealth and of foreign
policy alike, lt will approach from an
altogether new angle. It will have behind It the pick of the manual workers; the organized trade unions; the
fervid, crusading knight-errantry of
tho independent labor party, which ls
the inspiring flume of the whole movement. It will habe behind it very large
numbers of men and women entirely
unconnected by birth or occupation
with tho manual working class as
such but who have Identified themselves with the workers' aspirations
and claims, who arc morally and Intellectually attracted by the ideals, national and International, of the labor
party and whom the word "socialism"
no longer frightens. It will have the
furious and terrified opposition of the
vast majority of the very wealthy, of
the press trusts, of a section of thc
financial and business world—a section only—and of a mass of extraordinarily Ill-Informed opinion, to which
"socialism," as Interpreted by the
British Labor party, in indistinguishable from bolHhevism and means the
end of everything—king, empire,
home, property, individual freedom,
and so forth—a terror without justification, but sedulously propagated by
those who have Interest In propagating it.    On the other hand, the un-
WiU Encourage Co-operative Enterprise—to Strengthen League
of Nations
[British Labor Pness Service]
T1HERE was an encouraging spirit
of optimism running through Prime
Minister Macdonald's flrst speech lh
parllamaent, that will act as a stimulant to the whole nation. It ls this
freshness anad vigor of new minds
bent on dealing firmly and earnestly
with old problems that impressed the
house of commons. The new govern*
ment has opened in a spirit of confidence, and we believe It will be accorded tbe goodwill bf the, house and
the helpful sympathy of all those who
realize the magnitude of the taask
which it has undertaken. Broadly
speaking, Mr. Macdonald's policy can
be summarized as one of houses, work,
and International peace. As regards
housing, he showed that his government was taking the long view, and
that plans would be laid down for a
progressive building programme cov'
erlng a series bf years. The housing
problem, he said, could only be solved
by erecting and letting houses at rents
which could be borne by people with
the average income of the working
classes, and in the production of these
homes lt would be necessary,., somehow or other, to get the material and
labor necessary for that production.
The government alms at providing
houses that can be let at a rent of
9s a week, including rates, and in or-
der to ensure the steady carrying out
of their plans there is to be some
form of guarantee of time and of
wages for the workers. The flrst con
ferences regarding the provision of
adequate labor supply have already
.been held, und It is expected that before long the minister of health will
be able to fill in the details of the
broad outline of the government's
housing policy. With regard to unemployment, the prime minister stated that two things had to be secured
—flrst, work, and secondly, an adequate Income provided by an effective
scheme of insurance, If work cannot
be provided. In order to assist in the
revival of trade, the government pro-
pose to speed up the Trade Facilities
act, which requires to be relnvlgor-
ated to deal with the export credits
and extend the party for which" they
will operate. As regards maintenance,
the government proposes to abolish
both the "gap" and the practice of no-
lection in connection with nncovenan-
tod benefit. Further, the whole question of benefit is still under review,
nnd is to be dealt with In more detail
in a further statement to be made in
parliament at an early dato. In deal
ing with agriculture, tho government
will not touch tariffs or bounties. It
is proposod to encourage co-operative
enterprise and to restore the Agricultural Wnges boards. In addition there
is to be an attempt to readjust and
reform rating. Despite the fact that
Premier Macdonald has been at the
foreign office only a few weeks, a great
deal has been done to Improve the atmosphere in which European problems are considered, and lt is not surprising to find the New York Times
stating that "more has been accomplished in the intorest of Franco-British co-operation in tho first three
weeks of the Macdonald ministry than
in many months undor the Curzon re
gime." The relations between Britain
and France are better than they were
during many months, and unless
something unforeseen happens, the
primo minister is hopeful that a complete agreement will soon be reached,
Thore is to be a complete survey of
the whole problem of reparations, and
tho government will aim at strength
cning the Leaguo of Nations by tho
bringing in of Germany nnd, It is
hoped, of Russia, too. Tho final nlm
or the foreign policy is to bring about
un International agreemont on arma
ments.
New Shipments of
English Footwear
• ^^ * *       *• •
for Men
Just arrived, via Panama
Canal, some of the finest
Shoes ever shown bi Canada, the famous
"Grenson" shoe-
dressy, perfect-
fitting and serviceable. Includ-
________________________________________________ in*:
FINE BROWN WILLOW CALF AN))
BLACK BOX CALF SHOES
Derby pattern, calfskin lined with English oak *
tanned soles; also brown willow calf and black
box calf brogue oxfords and Lome models; also
the famous "Escalibur" brand in brown calf
Derby models; all made exclusively for the H.
B. C. and marked at the new season's prices,
$7.50 to $13.50.
LET US SHOW YOU.
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
A
L
J. B. Maclachlan Tried Afresh
Before Provincial Parliament
of Nova Scotia
VERDICT AGAIN RENDERED
Discovered
Two men named Diamond nro to
bo tried for murder In Now York
they must be the famous rough Diamonds about which we have heurd
so mueh.—Montreal Star.
Patronlzo  Federatlonist advertisers
and tell them why you do so.
Forman Way, Labor M.P.P., Ad
vocate  —  Attorney-general
O'Hearn, Grown Prosecutor
[Halifax Citizen]
TOR  TWO days,  this weok,  beforo
tho parliament of this province, J.
B. MacLachlan has been on trial for
"seditious Ubel."
Forman Way, labor momber for
Cape Breton, was the advocate for J.
B. MacLachlan, and Attorney-general
O'Hearn was tho crown prosecutor.
This preliminary trial was a repetition of the court proceedings, os they
took place, during tho trial of J, B.
MacLachlan in the supreme court Jn
December.
The wholo affair showed how unalterably fixed wero the idoas and
ideals on both sides. Tho debate revealed the old clash of ideals. It was
a contest of convictions.
Forman Way's main contention wus
that tho government is open to criticism and censure; and the times and
circumstances that surrounded the
last steel striko did not croato a foundation and conditions upon which a
libel suit cnuld bo constructed. He
brought in affidavits which wont to
show how utterly void of truth were
thc statements of witnesses that testified on bohalf of tho crown.
He argued that from start to finish
tho attorney-general was actuated by
a "vlndictlvenoss" and personal animus against tho prisoner. He showed
how nn old law was revived In order
to meet a certnin emergency, and the
member from Capo Breton argued
that If this law of seditious libel were
pushed to Its utmost limit there would
bo ln this country not even the semb-
lanco of free speech and froo assemblage.
On the other hnnd, the attorney-
genernl contended that there was nothing like personal "vlndlctlvcness"
ln his conduct of tho case. J. B. MacLachlan did not Represent the Canadian Ideal of labor, but was a com
munist from start to fllnah. Mr.
O'Hearn said that a certain brand of
labor, in this country, utterly repudiated the methods and Ideals of J.
B. MacLachlan.
He showed that while he advocated
giving Mr. Maef-iichlan ball, he was
unalterably opposed to the "red" propaganda of MacLachlan and.his followers; and tf he were called upon
tomorrow to face the same difficulties
that confronted him in the arrest and
prosecution of MacLachlan, he would
pursue tho same course, regardless ot
results.
It would make no difference
whether he would go down to poUtlcal defeat or win out ln an election,
ho would not deviate from the course
he pursued.
And so this debato, in tho provincial house, ended with ench man holding concoptions of lifo ns different as
tho poles. There wero no new contributions made to thc sum total of
human knowledge; It was rather a revival of old ideas and Ideals; a relighting of old fires that flamed up
and leaped forth, showing the different passions that llo embedded ln two
great classes of the humarf raco.
May Ho Released
An Ottawa despatch says that In
all probability tho governon-ln-
couricll will order the release from
Dorchester penitentiary of Jamea B.
MacLachlan, tho Cape Breton labor
loader, ls being freely discussed there.
It Is understood that a decision may
be rondored by tho cabinet shortly.
MacLaehlun was convicted of i.edltl-
ous utterances during tho striko oi
Cape Breton Stoel Workers, last year,
nnd sentenced to two yenrs' Imprisonment.
Mii'iiiirliliin Itclcnsed
Since tho foregoing was put In type,
word comes from Ottawa that Jnmc"*
MacLachlan has been released from
the penitentiary.
Kin-nit  of  -Hood  Citizens
It Is because of the revolt of goo;l
citizens against atl thoso methods that
dominated other political parties that
the labor party was born, says MIk.s
Margaret Bondfleld, M. P .
STOMACH SUFFERING
DlMppMH u U bjr magic when
JO-TO
la used.     Om   pains, told   atomioh,   aoir
stomach,   burning   and ill  aftereallng   dls
treat  rclii-v«d   In   two minutes.     AU  Dtl|
Steru,
questioned loyalty, and ln many casos
the warm support, of the civil services
Is assured to It, a fact of notable Im
portanco. A now chapter in British
history opens. I may bc excused perhaps for believing that thnt which
will bo written in it will leave Its ltn
press for good upon Britain and upon
tho world.
MUSICIANS'
UNION LABEL
LEND YOUR PATRONAGE TO THE
MUSICIANS*' I.AIIEI..
A COMPOSITION
THAT "CANT BE BEAT"
SUBJECT -
BODY—Made from hops, the choicest 1923's, and
Malt of "Extra Quality."
CONCLUSION-Order Britannia Beer—We deliver it. PAGE.FOUR
sixteenth year. N_. io BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouybr, b.a
FRIDAY March  7,  1924
The Annual Rally
(Continued from page 1)
1 ocognized today, that in emotion lies
n greater source of power than In
physical force or reason. Women, be-
' ause of their Ideals and the emotions
i i which these ideals are conceived,
;_re the sources of Incalculable power.
'xtoat of this power is. as yet, only
latent; as the majority of women are
i till quite unconscious of their power
in world affairs.
Awakening of Women
How this power may be wielded In
ihe future depends upon their awakening. Leaders of women recognize
that only when emotion is guided by
Intelligence, will lt yield its greatest
fruits; therefore, they are seeking to
stimulate women's Intelligence as
tmlde to the emotion and Ideals which
are lying dormant. And whenever
women are intelligently thinking,
i coding and . studying world events,
there Is seen a clear and Incisive
grasp of political problems, and a definite contribution toward their solution.
When, six or seven years ago. the
first bill for the enfranchisement of
women came before the British government, Lord Curzon, true to 'type,
opposed it and gave as one of his reasons, that he had observed ln those
states and countries of the world
where women had attained political
status, they tended to become very
radical In their opinions. Lord Cur-
;on paid a higher tribute to women's
intelligence than he intended, s
Mrs. Jamleson, since radical thinking
means the getting down to the roots
of the problems.
International Co-operation
In order to get their ideal nccep-
led, continued the speaker, women
must be able to show the world that
iheir ideal is capable of becoming
;jractical reality, and that it is the
best possible solution of the present
difficulties. Fortunately, at the present time, both in the realms of economics and politics, facts are coming
to light which uphold indisputably,
'he Ideal of international co-operation.
Already the world is realizing that
war ls not only an oconomic futility,
but an economic catastrophe; and
that only in the oconomic co-operation
can nations of Europe continue to exist. Women, by thc use of their intelligence, con find, Increasingly,
Tacts of science which will support
and reinforce their Ideal of international co-operation. In conclusion,
the speaker said, "in" line with all the
new forces in the world, women who
iielieve in the creative power of good
will, must seek to build up, out of thc
present political, economic and moral
conditions, such an international understanding as will ensure peace for
the world and the triumph pf intelligence ovor brute force." (Applause.)
Sam Guthrie, M. L. A.
Comrade Guthrie spoke briefly of
FREDDIE THE FINANCIER-It's His Environment
-By CHAS. McMANUS
the accomplishments of the Labor
government In England, which though
in offlce, but not In power, had already recognized Bussia, a step that
those of us in the labor movement
were all delighted with, and one that
was going to mean a great deal to the
future of the economic Interests and
peace of the world. He dealt with the
early experiences of the labor movement here and In England, and of
how ln the early days the men, who
today command so much attention
and respect, could hardly get an audience at all.
Reason for Hopefulness
He pointed out that those ln the
labor movement had every reason to
be hopoful for there were signs that
thc people were awakening to a realization of the gravity of the present
situation, and that ere long thoy would
be looking to the labor movement to
lead them to a brighter and a happier
state of civilization than they now
enjoy. He laid stress upon the need
of the labor forces organizing in an
effective manner so that they might
make their influence felt upon the
legislatures of our province and dominion, and that only ln this way
would the workers get the consideration that is justly due them.
rpHIS was the  subject  lost Frldayfwas agajn overthrown, and a capital-
Clothes as Wages
Rhys J. Davios, British under-sec
retary,for home affairs, began life a;
n farm boy. His pay for the flrst yoar
was a suit of clothes cast off by thi
farmer's son, for the second year £1
and for the third year £3. His em.
ployer died leaving £30,000. These
interesting details are given in a brilliant biographical sketch of Mr.
Da vies which appears ln the New
Dawn.
What about your neighbor's subscription ?
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental nnd Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
48 Hastings Street Esst        2—■STORES—2        005 GranvUle Street
Sey. 988-072 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. S513-1301
Labor Paper as Advertising
 Medium	
Printer's Ink, thc recognized authority on advertising, says:
"A Labor paper is a far better advertising medium than an ordinary newspaper. A Labor paper,
for example, having 5000 subscriptions, is of more
value to the business man who advertises in it
than ordinary papers with 25,000 subscribers."
ADVERTISE IN THE B. 0. FEDERATIONIST
THE WORKERS' WEEKLY
ay***************************
Ask for
: j
:l
,
;
!
|:
Thta ad-rertisement it not published or displayed by
>  the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of
British Columbia.
ataim***********^^
"OLD ENGLISH"
Pale Ale
A full-bodied, fine flavored Ale
that will compare in quality with
■ny of the famous imported
■lea, and at much leaa cost to the
consumer.
At ail Government Vendors
The Counter-Revolution In Russia
:   _    S ,: DISCUSSED BT DR. W. J. OCR RT
evening, and Bome valuable lessons
on master-class psychology and methods were deduced by the speaker,
Dr. "W. J. Curry, from allied intervention ln soviet Russia. He showed why
the class struggle between exploiters
and their rebellious slaves have been
so ruthless, and why the crushing of
rebels in ancient Rome, or exterminating communists in Paris, Germany or
Russia, has been to their enemies a
patriotic, or moral duty. Mankind
has evolved from the brute creation,
and their instincts are still animal in
nature. "What wo have we'll hold,"
is the law of the hyena, of the wolf-
pack and of modern man. It wa^
shown how the allied powers which
had lauded the czar aud his armies
for fighting in the interests of free
dom, became the crafty* and vicious
enemies of the Russian people, as soon
as they had established the workers'
soviet republic.
Self-preservation Is the first law of
nature, and this reign of red anarchy
must be stamped out, lest it destroy
eivilizatioii'itself. Such was the real
or assumed reason for prompt and
drastic intervention by governments
wliich pretended to believe in "self-
determination."
National competition in trade and
territorial expansion expressed in the
war of 1914, was to the ruling class
merely a family quarrel, as compared
to the red deluge which had swept
Nicholas and his tribe away, and so
these enemies, whose subjects were
slaughtering one another by thousands, for trade, became allies and
comrades in combatting "the common
foe of mankind," which had appeared
iii the east. Among the authorities
quoted on Friday was "Red Europe,*'
by Frank Anstey, the labor M. P. of
Australia, who was war correspondent
during the great conflict In Europe.
Anstey shows how the Soviets came
Into control, and spread southwrad to
Ukrania. This region was selected as
counter-revolutionary centre, and
German bayonets co-operated with
British and French cash in the common interests of opposing the onward
march of revolution.
The Rada, or governing body of*
Ukrania bad been forced to accept
tho peace terms of Germany. It was
not until June, 1918, that Mr. Balfour, In the house of commons, stated
that the Ukrania subsidy had come to
an end, but Britain had spent millions
in supplying the reactionary forces of
the Rada, with the sinews of war.
"VVe had been told that the allies
opposed soviet Russia because Bhe
had deserted them, and had sold out
to Germany, yet the Rada of Ukrania
made peace with Germany in February, 1918, and was at once recognized,
and financed by the allies. But at
(hat date soviet Russia had not signed
the peace treaty of the kaiser, for the
day aftor Ukrania made peace, Lenin
Issued a declaration to the central
powers in which he said: "The peace
negotiations are at an end, Germany
supported secretly by the allies, has
ubmitted conditions which cannot be
accepted by tho Russian revolution."
The allies had withdrawn all credits, when thc bolsheviki had como into
power, and this refusal of Russia to
accept the terms resulted in Germany
again putting her armies in motion,
and again trampling populations under their feet, and again they demanded that Russia sign a deed of Ignomi-
noiiH submission. Lenln, before complying with this demand, sent cables
to President Wilson, Lloyd George,
and to Franco, asking them to remove
tho economic blockade and to forward
supplies, and in return for this, they
would refuse to make peace with the
enemy, and would fight them with
gorilla methods as their means permitted. These messages were received, but not even recognized, for as
Anstey says, "tho allied powers preferred the triumph of German Imperialism to a sympathetic alliance with
he working clans government of
lussla."
Tlio Northland Biiflicry
In 1916, tho socialists of Finland,
gained political power through the
ballot box. When the soviet regljne
icgati In Russia, in 19.1.7, the imperialists of Finland and Sweden forcibly
overthrew the labor government, but
lho Finnish militia and labor in gen-
ral reorganized and reconquered the
powers of slate, declaring Finland a
iart of the Federated Workers' Re-
lUbllc of Russia.
The allied governments had refused
to recognize a soviet state, yet thoy
did everything: to assist evory consplr-
cy In oppooing the workers in Fln-
ind, as elsewhere. In April, 1918,
German warshlpw and troops entered
ihe capital of Finland.   Tho republic
Press Propaganda
(Continued from page 1)
ist dictatorship, under the protection
of Germany, was again set up, and It
was at once recognized by Britain and
her allies.
The supreme command of the White
Guards was held by General Manner-
helm, and was under the control of
Germany, and then began the slaughter of rebels spoken of so enthusiastically by our dally press. The Manchester Guardian, of July 5, 1918, told
of this reign of terror, while the London Times told of the splendid work
vof Mannerheim, in the interests of
law and order, and how "out of 80,000
socialist rebels, 30,000 had been killed,
while the Vancouver Sun published
pictures of red soldiers being stood
up and shot by the heroes of Manner-
helm. The Sun remarked with satisfaction evidently that 10,000 men had
recently faced the firing squad in this
way.
Out of 3,000,000 of a population,
100,000 were killed through the cooperation of Teutonic and allied
forces. Anstey says: "For months,
armies of Germany and Brliain'-occu-
pied territory between the White sea
and the Gulf pf Bothnia. Within this
area they stamped out soviet organizations, but at no time did they fight
or kill one another."
When Assassination Become the
Agent of Democracy
It was shown how the soviet government had permitted France and
Britain to establish embassies at Petrograd, and that these offices 'were
used as centres for plots, and for destroying the leaders of the government, Red Europe says, "the British
squeezed In from the north, the German forces from the south, Czechoslovak mercenaries came from the
east, and ravaged up the Volga to
Kazan, where they seized £65,000,000
sterling in gold from the soviet treasury, and transferred it to allied powers operating in Russia. Inside Russia the bombing of bridges and murder after murder of soviet delegates,
culminated In the killing of soviet
minister Uritski, and the attempted
assassination of Lenin. The would-
be assassin of Lenin escaped through
a* flat occupied by the British embassy."
The red terror was the reply, n
proclamation appeared in all parts of
Russia. It showed how these tortured people were being victimized by
the government forces of allies, and
central powers. A paragraph in this
was as follows: "We can exterminate
you, bourgeois, to the last man, without leaving you any breeding fetock,
iff only one workman undertakes to
kill one parasite you disappear."
A manifesto went out to the workers, peasants and soldiers. It concluded: "All to arms, forward, for
bread, for starving children forward
against counter-revolution and conspiracy death to the enemies of the
people."
Tho marks of the beast are still
upon us. In all lands except in Russia, and perhaps ln England, the most
blundering and vicious classes still
rule. The cry of the mob Ib still
"not this man, but" Barrabus. Wo
do not want Jesus the communist, the
leader of brotherhood, give us Barrabus tho chief of tho robber dan."
But the lash of necessity drives us
toward Ihe light, and those who do
not move are destroyed. With blind
and brutal force, the Toutonlc and allied powers tried to destroy the workers' republic of Russia, and only
through understanding, and the "red
terror," could these workers retain
their freedom, through the increasing powers of oppression, and understanding capitalism, the last phase of
human slavery shall be replaced by
the reign of ponce, co-operation and
happiness for all.
This Friday, W. Bennett will speak
on "The New Economic Policy of
Russia."
Record In Three Weeks
The following are ln part, their record for under three weeks:
Recognition of Russia.
Enfranchisement of women of -1
years, same as men.
Introduction of Eight Hours bill as
per the Washington conference of
1920.
Decision to remove ex-service men
ln asylums from the invite of the
poor law.
Proposals to provide pensions for
widows and children.
Declaration of labor government
that both Russia and Germany must
be brought into the League of Na
tlons.
Minister of health rescinds Poplar
order on subject to "Out relief."
Abolition of what was known as
the gap in the unemployment insurance scheme.
The above is only part of the
achievements of the labor govern
ment up lo date. And when Mr. Gardiner says that the labor government,
"is turning out to be very much like
other governments," it is necessary to
emind him and his readers that both
his party (liberal) and the conservatives have in the past, bitterly resisted every one of the above proposals.
It is more pleasanat to turn for a
moment from this liberal journalist to,
what Is, aftor all, usually a moro honest and frank mentality, among the
best minds of the conservative party.
Says Nice Things About Lubor Party
At the recent annual meeting of
the conservative party when Mr.
Baldwin was re-elected leader in the
course of his speech, he said:
"Our great enemies in the future,"
he said, "are not going to be the
liberals, who are moribund, but labor,
which is very much alive. The great
source of strength of labor In the
country at present is that they have
in their ranks a large number, of men
who believe in their policy. They
have tho type of man, and any of us
who have mixed in the industrial
world know him well, who will give
the wholo of his strength nnd the
whole of his time to bring about, as
he believes he can, a bettor condition
for his1 fellow-men, with more equal
ity of opportunity, and giving to them
a better chance of enjoying moro edu
cation and more of the good things of
life—a perfectly genuine and nitidis-
tic feeling. It is that feeling which
sends so many of the workers of that
party to canvass, to do propaganda
work, and to conduct the business of
cloctions without payment or reward."
We agree with Mr. Baldwin, that,
the   liberal   party   are   moribund."
Their day ls past.   The.future Ib with
the workers.
People's Workshop
Macdonald, ln his flrst speech as
premier, said in the house of commons, "Westminster under a labor
government shall be a work shop for
the people." In very truth the owning classes aud old-line political parties are finding that for the flrst time
In our political history, the most effective use of the people's workshop,
In the Interests of the workers is being made by the labor party.
Capitalism Played Out
Capitalism is played out, and must
be replaced by a new system—Major
Attlee, $1. P.
Best $2.50
GLASSES   ON   EARTH.
(ilnsKi'R not prescribed unless absolutely necessary. Examinations
mndo by graduate Eyesight Specialists. •Sittiafacilon guaranteed.
We grind our own lenses. Louses
duplicated by mall.
PITMAN
Optical House
(Formerly Brown Optical Houso)
Be   tttiri-   of   (he   address—Above
Woolworth'* Store, near
Granville.
Suite 38. Davis Chambers,
616 HASTINOS STBEBT WEST
 Phone Bay. 1071	
EOABD OF SOHOOL TRUSTEES,
POINT OBEY
rilENDERS for Schuo] Supplies and Jiini-
X. tors' supplies will be rqcelvcd-'by tho undersigned nn or before Friday, March 14,
1924. Particulars may be obtained on application. Tlio lowest or any tender not
necessarily nccepted,
PRANK PEACE,
Secretary.
STEAMSHIP
TICKET AGENCY
TICKETS TO ALL PARTS OF
THE WORLD
Agent for nil Steamship
Companies
Drop In and Let Us Talk it Onr.
BOBT. HAT, Agont
Vaneonver, B.. 0.
PROVINOE OF BBITISH COLUMIBA
FOREST BRANCH
DEPARTMENT OF LANDS
Examination for the Position of
Assistant Forest Banger
OBJEOT.
These examinations are for the purpose
of fllling present vacancies and to enable
candidates to qualify for future vacancies
and Incronsos in Btaff.
ASSISTANT FOBEST EANOEBS.
Assistant Forest Rangers are employed
during tho Arc season of each year, and
this period is oxtended where possible by
work on improvements such as trails, etc.
He-appointment ia made each year as long
as satisfactory Bervice is given. Promotion to the permanent staff Ib made by
merit and examination as occasion offers.
Thc siiiary is $100 per month the first
yoar, and $110 por month tho second year,
and $120 the third year. Travelling expenses nro also paid.
QUALIFICATIONS FOB CANDIDATES.
Candidates must be British subjects, residents of British Columbia for at least one
yonr, of good charactor, good physical
condition and with woods experience.
Thoy should have experience in flre fighting; possess tho ability to organise work
and handle men; end have knowledge of
the Forest Act.
The examinations are partly written, partly oral and are designed to tost the candidate's ability along the abovo lines.
All statements mado by applicants as to
experience, education and fitness aro subject to verification by the examining
board.
Preference is given to returned soldiers
with the necessary qualifications.
THE EXAMINATIONS.
Tho examinations will bo held at tho
plocoB and on tho dates , named below.
Ench intending candidate Bhould apply to
tho District Forester of hiB district for
application forms nnd for information re-
■mini in jr lho hour of the examination, and
tho building in which is will be hold. Application forms should, in each caso, bo
filled out and mailed lo tlio District Forester in time to reach hini At least two
days beforo tho examination,    .
Apply to District
Place Dnte Forester at:
Vancouver March 11 Vancouver
Nanaimo March 13      District Super
visor,   Nanalmo
G. R. NADEN,
Deputy   Minister  of   Lands.
After-Eating Distress
And nil forms of stomach troublo, such bb
K'is pains, acid, sour, burning stomach aro
all relieved In two minutes by taking
JO-TO
Jo-To sold by all Druggists.
OOBPOBATION OF POINT OBEY
Tenders for Debentures
THE Council Is considering tho sale of the
following debontures,   and   will   receive
tenders for the samo up to 8 o'clock p.m. of
Monday,  March  17,   1924:   '
$265,000—Schools,    _%, due Nov. 1, 1943,
payable in Canada only.
81,000—Fire purposes,  5%,  duo Aug.   1,
1058, payablo in Canada and Now
York.
20,000—Parks,   5%, duo   Aug.   1,   1953,
payable in Canada and Now York.
Further  particulars  may   bo   obtained on
application to the undersigned
Tlio Council reserves the right to reject
any or all tenders.
HENRY FLOYD,
C. M. ,0.
Municipal Holt, 5851 Wost Boulevard, Vancouver, B. 0., Feb. 29, 1924.
W. WILSON
Loggen and Surveyors
BOOTS
Made to Order
Our Specialty
Repniring   Neatly   Done
28 WATER STREET
VANOOUVER, B..0,
Phone, Soymour 936
WE CATER TO THE LABOR
MAN
THE CHOICE OF THE JUNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY    MATURED—ONE    OP    THE    MOST   POPULAR
BRANDS   AT   THE   GOVERNMENT   STORES
OOLD LABEL
i5.YEAR.0LB
Ask for CATTO'S.    Por sale at all Government Liquor Stores
This advertij-mmt li not published or displayed by tbe Liquor Control Bond or
* by the Government of British Columbia
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
** McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
FREE SERVICE NOW OFFERED
—BY—
CANADIAN NATIONAL RAILWAYS
Colonization and Development Department
rPHB work of this department Is being rapidly extended throughout
■■■ Wostern Canada to be of the best possible service to the public, and
through its special representatives in the EaBt, in Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and other European countries, it will be able
to bring to Canada large numbers of Immigrants, male and female,
who in a short lime* should become permanent and desirable settlers.
The great obstacle ln the past has been the uncertainty of immediate
employment for the new arrival and farmers can assist colonization
work by employing their help through this channel, and if possible
BY THE YEAB. The work Is done without charge and no advances
are required for transportation or for any similar purpoae. All information given is used for the purpose of informing the settler requiring work only.
EVERY NEW SETTLER HELPS YOU PROSPER
GVLT; O. N. R, STATION AGENTS HAVE NECESSARY FORMS
— AND WH_ti TAKE YOUR APl'IiIOATION, OR WRITE   ■
D. M. JOHNSON,
Genera] Agricultural Agent,
WINNIPEG
, C. W. LETT,
General Agent,
EDMONTON
Colonization and Development Department
Canadian National Railways

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