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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 9, 1921

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Array THE BRITISH COLU
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH.
OFFICUIi PAPEB:   VANCOUVEB HADES AND LABOB COUNCIL.
__"
POLITICAL UNITY:  VK3TOBY
THIRTEENTH YEAR.   No. 35,       POUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY HORNING, SEPTEMBER 9,1921
=  ■ ■      '  'nl ' -.3 ' '    "' =
$2.50 PER YEAR
HOPE OF
Riling Generation Being
Prepared for Great
y Task
Minds and Bodies Are
Trained for Workers'
Movement
(Editors Note; This ls the 12th
of the series of articles on Soviet
Russia which Mr, Foster was commissioned to write for the Federated Press. He describes a pageant of the proletariat which
■hows considerable progress from
the days of Czarism.)
(By William Z, Foster)
(Federated Press Staff Writer)
Moscow, June 20.—Today I had
the real pleasure of attending a
most Interesting outdoor fete, Zt
was arranged by the Commissariat
of Public Education to celebrate
the opening of the Third Congress
of the Communist International.
Tbe participants were half-grown
boys and girls, members of the
various civil and semi-military organizations which go to form the
great-movement for the physical
training of Russia's youth ln preparation for its later military education.
Our party had been notified to
assemble at 12 o'clock noon, in the
Continental Hotel, where a large
number of congress delegates are
■topping. I got thore at 11:30 and
found all the people already gath<
ered being rustled Into a long
string of street cars for Immediate
departure. Thts was Indeed a marvel; ln Russia things usually start
an hour or two late, not ahead of
time.
After a ride of'about six miles
we arrived at the scene of activities, Sparrows' Hill, where we
alighted, the view was piagniflcent.
The valley, far below, was carpeted with the most beautiful farms
. and forests imaginable, through
which the Moscow river lazily
threaded Its way. In the distance,
In far flung panorama, stretched
the great city of Moscow, Its hundreds of gaily painted churches
and golden cupalos glittering in
' the brilliant.sunlight. I was told
that Napoleon, during his ill-fated
(Continued on page 8)
SociaUst Party Will Have
Candidates in Three
Vancouver Ridings
The Socialist Party of Canada
has decided to place a candidate in
the Nanaimo riding In the coming
general -election. The candidate
will be W. A. Prkchard. The
choice of candidate is a parties
larly happy one, In view of the
fact, that he along with the Island
miners, has some little experience
of industrial troubles, and the tactics of the ruling class. It will be
remembered that during the big
strike on the Island some years
ago, that numbers of miners were
thrown into gaol, amongst whom
was Sam Outhrle, now member in
the Provincial House for Newcastle, and the workers on Vancouver
Island will now have the opportunity of sending another "gaol bird'
to a legislative assembly, and by so
doing, give their answer to the ruling class of this country dn the actions of the government during the
Winnipeg strike.
In addition to contesting the Nanaimo riding, the party has decided to contest Vancouver Centre,
Burrard and South Vancouver, and
Local No. 1 will, on Tuesday next,
choose the candidates for the three
latter constituencies.
I Famine Relief Committee
Makes Appeal to
Rank and File
The Trades and Labor Congress
lot Canada, having refused to.even
I listen to the appeal for the suffer-
jers from drought In Soviet Russia,
Ithe famine relief committee of
■Winnipeg has sent out the follow
llnng statement and resolutions for
| publication:
"The famine relief committee for
Ithe drought- stricken In' Soviet
■Russia, having heard the report of
■its delegates, who was commis-
liloned to appear before the Trades
land   Labor   Congress   of   Canada,
■ which  was  meeting  in  Winnipeg,
land appeal for aid for the starving
■ millions   ln  the   Volga   provinces,
I lhat this Congress refused to hear
■ the delegate of the above commit-
llee, and did not even reply to a
I letter sent to the secretary of the
■Congress in regard to this matter,
lind also further hearing the
ITrades and Labor Council of Winnipeg, had ignored and Hied a communication containing a request to
■co-operate and appoint delegates
fto this committee, resolves as follows:
"That in view of the urgent and
■immediate necessity of sending re-
■lief to the famine-stricken in So-
|fiet Russia, which should be responded to from all real working-
lass organizations, this action of
he   Congress  and   the   Winnipeg
frades and Labor Council must be
J'haracterixed as a deed of unlimit-
|_d baseness and unworthy of a La-
K>r organization.    The committee
b of the opinion that the rank and
hie of the organizations afflliated
Jeith  the above  bodies unqualify-
Ingly resent the action of both the
l-ongrcss,   the   Wlnlnfpeg   Trades
nd Labor Council, and wilt,  In
|plte of this surprising action  ot
heir leaders, give their, full-heart-
I support to the work of the fam-
rellef    committee    for    the
■irought-strlsken In Soviet Russia."
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
Local    Committee   Has
Sought Help of Many
Organizations
The committee appointed by the
Council of Workers to collect funds
for the relief of Famine-stricken
Russia, has circularized a large
number of organizations in the city
asking for their support. Official
receipts are being printed,- and collectors have been appointed. All
organizations wishing to co-operate
can do so by getting in touch with
the secretary of the committee,
Mrs. Sutherland, 804 Pender street
west. The circular, which has
been Issued, reads as follows:
Comrades:
In response to the appeal that
has been sent out from Russia, an
effort is being made In Vancouver,
to come to the aid of that famine-
stricken country.
With this end in view, the Council of Workers has elected n subcommittee to be known as the "Relief Committee for Famine-stricken Russia," to receive donations
and forward them to the proper
source.
Russia has been subject to a
great drought, which continued
from March until June, causing
famine and distress in the Volga
provinces, which formerly yielded
SO per cent, of the entire Russian
harvest. Even seeds for the coming season nre non-existent.
Twenty millions of people are
threatened with hunger and death,
not only this year, but also next.
The famine ts accompanied by disease, which is mowing down an already weakened people.
We hereby make an earnest appeal, on their behalf, to your organization, to assist In raising funds
for this deserving object. As Vancouver has always been to the front
in contributing to all cases of this
nature. All money will be acknow-
ledged, and flnanclal statements
given to each organization. Meetings will also be held for the purpose of bringing this matter before
the public.
Forward all contributions to,
Yours fraternally,
(Mrs.)   Catherine Sutherland,
Secretary-Treasurer,
WAS JUSTLY
JAILED
Journalist Confirms the
Statements  Cabled
from Abroad
Senator France Says tke
States Should Deal
With Russia
(By The Federated Press)
New York.—Mrs. Harrison, cor
respondent of the Baltimore Evening Sun, returning last Friday on
the Rotterdam; In company with
Senator France, who had secured
ber release from, the Russian prls-
one, repeated her statement cabled
from abroad that she had Justly
been Jailed by the Russians.
Mrs. Harrison showed no signs
of having suffered ln the least during her year's Imprisonment. In
fact, she appeared rather favor.
ably inclined towards the Bolshe'
vlsts, stating that "There are Bome
great constructive aims ln Bolshevism which have taken hold to a
certain extent of the popular imagination. Further, that the condition of the mass of the peasants
Is better than at the close of the
great war," Mrs. Harrison also believes that immediate foreign aid to
Russia ls of great importance, and
co-operation with the Soviet government lh the matter is practical.
Returning with Mrs. Harrison on
the liner Rotterdam was United
States Senator Joseph L. France of
Maryland, who had been touring
Russia to make an impartial firsthand study of conditions there. He
declared that the United States
should establish diplomatic and
trade relations with Soviet Russia
at once,
'I left America three months
ago," continued Senator France,
"declaring that America should not
delay resuming trade with Russia.
I returned confirmed In this opinion and further insistent that we
should also open diplomatic relations. I can see no reason why we
should be alarmed over a relationship which obviously holds no
terrors for Great Britain and Germany. Both of these countries are
doing their best trade with Soviet
Russia.
"I am delighted that the famine
relief work by America ls getting
under way, for this Is the first step
in my program. I am confident
this will be followed by an American trade delegation being sent Into
Russia under government asuplces
and that America will do her share
toward reviving Russia, thus aiding tho world trade revival and directly benefiting our own farms and
factories, which are so desparately
in need of aid of Just this character.
"The leaders ln Russia are ready
to negotiate with us at any time.
They always have been ready but
we have held aloof and given them
no chance nor accepted ourselves
any opportunity of finding out officially and accurately what real conditions in Russia are. I have found
out some of these conditions, enough to know that America has
been shamefully misinformed. This
situation I will do my best to correct, for without a correct knowledge of conditions our eountry cannot attempt to establish a sound
policy.
1Y PUNS
A
linvanngli and Urtpiliurt to SiH.uk
M the Self-De'crini nation for
Ireland League meeting on Sunday
next there will be two speakers.
The meeting will be unique, as J.
Kavanagh will give a friendly
criticism of the Sinn Fein move
ment, while A. Urquhart will attempt to show the weaknesses of
the Labor movement. It Is expected that there will be a large
turnout to hear what should be
very interesting addresses.
Ivons at New Westminster
W. Ivens, of Winnipeg, will speak
ln the Labor Temple, New Westminster, on Monday night, at S
o'clock. Workers ln that district
are urged to turn out and hear him.
What    about    your    neighbor's
subscription?
l"fr|H|»l"|Ht"<"M
A MEETING OF ALL
Workers of Greater Vancouver
Under the Auspices of tlie Oouncll of Workera
—WILL BB HELD IN THE—
PENDER HALL
Corner of Pender and Hone Streeta
Sunday Afternoon, Sept. llth
Commencing at 3: SO
WORKERS, WHETHER UNEMPLOYED OK NOT, ARE
REQUESTED TO ATTEND THIS MEETING
Resent Treatment of Two
Italians  by  U.  S.
Authorities
(By the Federated Press)
Boston—Italy Is seriously consid
erlng a boycott of American ships
and American goods ln Italian harbors, as a protest against the conviction of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzettl, the Labor organ!
zers recently tried on a murder
charge ln Dedham, Mass.
Detailed accounts of the recent
trial and its outcome, printed in
the greatest dally newspaper in the
country, Avanti, have aroused all
the Labor elements in Italy. The
Labor press calls the case an outrage and talks continually of reprisals. It cites as an Instance of
similar injustice the cases of Ettor
and Glovanlttt, almost sent to the
chair by the money interests in
punishment for their activity In the
Lawrence strike, in the same state
which may now electrocute Sacco
and Vanzettl.
Nor does American Labor re*
main a silent witness to the misfortune of its two Italian fellow workers. A' resolution by Local 348, International Association of Machinists, tn .Salem, Mass., ls especially
important because it is sb near
the scene of the trial and the local
ls therefore more thorouhly conversant with the facts. The resolution
asserts Its faith ln the Innocence of
the two men, and demands "that
Brothers Sacco and Vanzettl be
granted a new trial ln another
county where personal prejudices
will be Bwept aside and the scales
of Justice permitted at least to balance evenly."
SPREAD THE TRUTH
■   ., *f '
DUSING the eleetion cimf^lgB floods of ruling clau
piffle end miiinfornMiii-^iU fee let loose on a long-
suffering people. False issnel ttfll be wised. Every effort
will be nude to confuse and bli__4 th* workers to the only
issue that faces them, the B^M-Iabor press is the
only avenue for carrying tlie truth of the situation to tne
men and women who by tijeir.Aoil arid agony have produced the wealth of this or sty other country.
With capitalism tottering ud' different sections of the
rating class —iaarvt—g to satjs' themselves, even if they
iniagine that this eaa be done by again calling on the
worker* to butcher one uotber, the necessity for the
spread of working-class education becomes more and
more imperative. The Federgtipnist is endeavoring to
reach as many workers as possible, but every worker who
has any understanding of the situation should make it his
business to see that the dfcubtion of this paper is increased and the good won extended, Every new subscriber is another worker placed in the position where
he can gather knowledge of world events and their import to the working class, CM busy and help us in this
work. Spread the truth.
DANCE FOR FED.
•;\
Women's Auxiliary Lived
Up to Reputation and
Aids Paper
True to form, the members of
the Women's Auxiliary of the 6. B.
U. carried out the arrangements
for the whist drive and dance foi
The FederationiBt, held laat Mon
day night, without a single hitch.
The large crowd which turned out
was a tribute to the women's ability to carry out social functions.
The arrangements for the whist
drive were perfect, and the prizes
were, as usual, of the type that are
well worth winning, and the winners were well satisfied with their
share In the evening's entertainment.
From 9 to 12, those who engaged
in dancing had the time of their
lives. The music was good, and'
the applause and culls for encore*
was a sure indication that everybody was satisfied.
As a result of the efforts of the.
members of the Women's Auxiliary
The Federatlonist was benefitted to
the extent ot over f 100.
One dollar and fifty cents is the
cost for a six-months subscription
to the Federatlonist
I. WTO
MfORF.LP.
Bigger   Audience   Last
Week and  More
Inteerst Shown
.An Improvement In the size of
the audience on Sunday last at the
F, L. P. headquarters was an appreciative feature. Mrs, Woods-
worth outlined the F. L. P. ideal of
a'(higher and fuller life compared
•wfth the present competitive and
sordid HtruKgle for existence' Com-
jr^de Aid. Serlbbens outlined the
aactrk that could be accomplished
jltir having working-class members
on the council and other legislative
bfcdlea .
j j Considerable discussion followed
aad altogether the meeting was a
agceess. Sunday next Wm. Ivens
will address a meeting at the Royal
TJicatjre at 8 p.m. prompt. This Is
the opening of the fall campaign,
aad as-a Federal election is to be
hfld in the near future a capacity
audience Is expectod. On Saturday
a social and concert at headquarters, 148 Cordova Street "West. Saturday, 17th, conference of the party
at.headquarters. Members requested!,to attend. Important business
oa hand Saturday, October 1. Convention of the party to be held.
Particulars luter.
Auckland, N. Z.—Manllal, a Hindu lawyer who came to New Zealand from FIJI, has been refused
admission to tho local bur on
account of his activities on behalf
of hts compatriots at FIJI during
the strike.
Patronize  Fed Advertisers,
Holds. Debs Because of
Activities of American
Legion
Washington—Fear of the American Legion Is believed to be responsible for President Harding's
refusal to consider a pardon for
Eugene Debs until after the treaty
with Germany is ratified by the
senate.
The president recently aroused
the resentment of the Legion by
personally going before the senate
and pleading for the delay of' the
soldiers' bonus bill, which was
elated for passage. Many of the'
Leglonalres have written the White
House protesting against the pardon of Debs. The president did
not want to create fresh antagonism from this source, so he took'
advantage  of  the   technicality   to
IN THE VOLGA
doom Debs to further ineareara-, Jmessand received nearly 100 Japanese reporters and photographers us
soon aa the impress of Asia docked."     He   even   "good   naturedly
tlon.
Attorney General Daugherty has'
the  recommendation  In  the  Debs
dent, and it Is generally believed
It favors an Immediate and unconditional pardon. A conference
tween the attorney general and the
president on the general subject of
amnesty for political prisoners,was
announnced after the treaty with
pected that this would be the occasion for a pardon, but Harding
evidently weakened under pressure,
His decision postponed consideration of the case until December, as
the senate will not ratify the treaty
before then,
Tlie greatest assistance tbat the
readers of Tlm Federatlonist can
render us at tills time, lg by securing a new subscriber. By doing M,
you (spread the news of tlie working class movement and assist ua
Prince of Petroleum Gives
. Japan a Look
Over
(By the Federated Press)
: i Chicago—When the Colorado miliars were feeling the enormous influence wielded by John D. Rocke-
/eller* Jr., during the coal strike of
19U-14, which brought the infam
ous Ludlow massacre, they may
have suspected that they were light
ing royalty, if so, they will not be
surprised to learn that in Japan,
where-Rockefeller is now travelling
in> state, he is called the "Americnn
Crown Prince of Petroleum." This
is. Information cabled by Junius S.
Wood to the Chicago Dally News.
» .Like all royal personages, accord
ing to the Dally News correspondent
the American crown prince "gave
Japan a taste of democratic friend-
Peasants Are Loyal to
.. Government, Says
Kalinin
Russian Red Cross Will
Supervise Foreign
Activities
(By the Federated Press)
Moscow—Reports received by
the commissariat of health show
that cholera is abating ln the Volga district and in Central Russia,
although it is increasing somewhat
in the eastern provinces, owing to
the arrival there of refugees from
the famine areas. The Province of
Ufa is suffering most in this respect.
The recent tour of the president
of the all-Russian central executive committee, Kalinin, through
the famine areas has greatly
strengthened the confidence of the
peasants that relief will be brought
to them by the Soviet government,
and by foreign uid, Kalinin found
the peasants loyal to the Soviet
government. On his visit to Saratov, Kalinin brought with him 8,-,
000,000 roubles and over three
tons of' flour, contributed by the
Moscow workers. .
Kamenev, the chairman of the
all-Russian famine relief committee, writing fn the Red Gazette,
states that the agreement signed
at Riga with Mr. Hoover's representative, is the first step in effective foreign aid to the famine sufferers.
The all-Russian central executive committee has ratified a decree authorizing the Russian Red
CroHB to take up relations with foreign Red Cross societies for the
organization of an international
Russian famine relief campaign.
The Russian Red Cross Is authorized to supervlze the activities of
foreign Red Cross societies In Soviet Russia. The Russian Red
Cross has been officially recognized
by the International Red Cross at
•Geneva.
The famine relief committee of
Tashkent has offered hospitality to
10,000 refugee children from the
famine areas. The Tartar Republic offers to care for 70,000 more.
The Soviet Republic of Georgia
has granted a 40-year timber concession to a German subject named
Gressner. The concessionaire is to
build there an electrical power station and a factory for the manufacture of wood veneer and parquetry. From 15 to 20 per cent, of
the total production- of this factory
will go to the state. At the expiration of the lease, all the undertakings granted under this concession will revert to the state without compensation.
Will Handle Federatlonist
Mr. F. Hamerfauth, barber, of
Revelstoke, will in future be the
ugent for The Federationist In that
city. Singlo copies can be obtained
from him or he will take subscriptions.
J. TURNER AT
THE COLUMBIA
OU  Member  of  Party
from Australia to Speak
for S. P. of C.
The usual propaganda meeting
of tho Socialist Party of Canada,
was held in the Columbia theatre,
lot Bunday night, a good-sized audience being In attendance. A
very good talk was given by Tom
O'Connor, and many interesting
questions were realt with at the
elose. A new speaker will be on
the platform next Sunday night,
in the person of J. Turner, who is
an old-time member of the 8. P. of
C„ recently returned from much
wandering in different parts of the
world. He is ope of the group of
"Reds" who achieved distinction a
short time ago ln the trouble
aboard the steamer Ormonde,
homeward bound from Australian
ports to London. It may be remembered that the press of this
city gave a front-page account of
the affair, In which the "Reds"
were, as usual, given a disreputable and dangerous character.
Comrade Turner; can be assured
of a good welcome to Vancouver,
and likewise, a fair opportunity to
present his opinions. Definite news
of the approach of a Dominion election has determined Local No. 1,
Vancouver, in entering the contest.
Next Tuesday night at the regular business meeting, three candidates are to be nominated to run
In the three local constituencies.
Party members please note.
Get your workmate to subscribe
for The Federationist.
case ready to present to the presl- walked out to a garden and clam
bered on a rickshaw in a drawling
rain in response to the camera
man's request,"
^But the, crowning act of Crown
Prince John, according to Mr.
Wood, wus when he shattered precedents, established   by   celebrities
Germany was signed.    It was ex- visiting in the Orient by taking a
_,-_-.-___! _«.»_. -»._-- -_.__._,._  ... .___  ._ ■ j^atij„ Rn ordinary dining room,
■'tbe, eame as other less wealthy
^Htsta." The copy reader on the
yews was quick to get this signill
eji^L bit of royal condescension, for
V wrote above the paragraph oon-
tjUntng the tremendous news the
aub-head, "Eats in Ordinary Din-
tag Room."
Hand the Fed. to your saopmate
whea vou ara through with It
fllve a little encouragement to
our advertisers.
W
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
804 PENDER BTREET WEBT
SUNDAY—Irish Sclf-Dctermination League.
MONDAY—Piledrivers.
TUESDAY—Workers' Council; Irish Sclf-
Dctermination League. .
WEDNESDAY—General Workers.
SATURDAY—Dance, 9 to 12.
II S SSI ,i, s s s sis S I	
I S S S S S I I . s
Food Tax Brings Relief
to Number of
Districts
(By the Federated Press)
Petrograd—The review of Industry, following upon the resumption
of trade relations with England and
Germany, has produced a demand
for skilled and unskilled workers
which already exceeds the supply of
refugees reaching Petrograd from
the famine area.
Tho food tax campaign In the
Petrograd province has already resulted In the dlBpatch of many carloads of supplies to Samara and the
Tartar republic. The peasants are
showing a sympathetic interest ln
the delivery of their quota of thc
food tax for the benefit of the famine sufferers,
A decree following the lines of
the new economic policy gives to all
government undertakings wider
powers in financing and In the handling of supplies of raw material,
introducing a system of current accounts and permitting freer disposal
of funds,
Thc Economic Life, commenting
on this decree, calls it the first step
in industrial emancipation.
The Council of Labor and Defense
has appointed a special commission
fur the development of exports by
increasing tho production and collection of raw materials and half-
worked materials and by abolishing
red tape and Improving the machinery of financing und distribution'.
(By the Federated Press)
Winnipeg—Winnipeg tailors have
been locked out since July 16. They
are putting up a splendid fight
against the masters, and lf they
can hold out for another few days,
success will crown thcir efforts,
Information has come- to hand
that the Master Tailors Association
is advertising tor help in many
Canadian and United States cities,
stating that there is no strike here.
An urgent appeal to all tailors Is
being made by the locked-out
workers to keep away from win-
n,»«*  ^tmea______m
Are   Defending   Homes
Against Forces of
Operators
(By Arthur Shields)
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Charleston, W. Va.—Ten thousand armed coul miners are guarding the pass at Dingess Run ln
Logan county, and a fifteen-mile
front southward, against the private army of the coal operators.
The latter have the decided advantage of machine guns, but the miners have already given a good account of themselves. A total of
from 26 to 30 men have been killed
on both Bides, according to the
best Information here, which, however, has not been officially verified.
Dingess Run connects the "Forbidden Land," as the non-union
section of Logan county is ealled,
with the small unionized strip in
tho northeast. In this unionized
strip the miners are encamped and
they swear they will keep up the
flght until the gunmen are driven
buck, or tlie United States troopers
arrive and guarantee the safety of
the women and children there. The
troops are expected momentarily.
If we desert this place now we
will be inviting the gunmen to come
again and shoot up the homen here
as they did last Saturday," was the
response of the miners when Pre
sident Harding's dispersal proclunv
ation wus brought to them by personal representatives of Wm.
Petry, vice-president and acting
chief of District 17, U. M. W. of A;
Tho invasion referred tc came
after the marching miners had
gone home last week at the request
of President Frank Ketney and
Secretary Fred Mooney of the
Mine Workers. At once the gun>
men of the coal barons took advantage of the situation and swooped
through the pass into the little mi
nlng camps In northwest Logan
county, killing two men, wounding
two others, and sending countless
bullets into the houses of the miners.
This outrage was the spark that
set West Virginia nfiamc again.
The miners reformed at once in
great numbers and marched back
into Logan county, determined to
see the thing through this time.
Kceney and Mooney have been
indicted as a part of a plan to get
them back Into Mingo county
where, thc miners believe, they will
be shot down just as Sid Hatfield
and Ed. Chambers were a few
weeks ago,
Two thousand United States soldiers arrived at St. Albans, W. Va.,
Friday night last, from Camp Sherman and Fort Benjamin Harrison
to take their positions on thc Little Coal river branch line to the
northeastern strip of Logan county,
where the miners are pushing the
operators' forces back slowly.
FRANCE TOOL OF
UNITED SHE
German Publicist Predicts
Clash Between U. S.
and Britain
Rivalry of Two Powers to
Involve World in An-
other War
Berlin—Facta and theories about
the new lineup of International
finance and induatry are brought
out ln a brilliant pamphlet entitled,
Europe and the Next War," by a
German publicist, Engelbert Graf.
The author finds that the war, far
from shattering the capitalist syatem, has rather helped to develop
it. He asserts that the rapid
growth of combinations of capital
reaching out beyond national boundaries, will lead to the formation
of two great "groups of capitalists,
those of England and of the United
States, whose rivalry will ultimately involve the world In another
war.
Graf aays the United States la
using France as her tool tn Europe,
not so much politically as by tha
Investment of capital there. Ha
claims the Rockefeller group hu
control of many French Interest*
and now owns three of the leading
newspapers, the Matin, the Figaro
and I,'Eclair, so as to shape French
public opinion.
Other financial history revealed
by Graf Includes the announcement that Walther Rathenau'a
General Electric Company has sold
shares to the amount of 25,000,-
000 marks In the United Statea,
and has entered Into a combine
with the American copper trust,
which Is in league with the Rockefeller group.
Hugo Stlnnes, Bays Graf, remains
the greatest flnanclal power in
Europe, despite his failure to bring
about a combine of French and
German capitalists against England and the United States. He Is
now In control of the Siemens and
Schuckert Interests, of the Geisen-
klrchner Mining Company, of the
gigantic project for the development of water power ln Bavaria,
and of shipping lines and factories
north an.l south.
The ever-eipandlng Krupps hava
now absorbed their former rival,
Ehrhardt. The Klochner Com-
(Continued on page I)
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OR FULL PAY
Council of Workers Ap-
proves of S. Vancouver Policy
A well-attended meeting of the
Council of Workers was held on
Tuesday evening, and the Introduction of a resolution by the South
Vancouver delegates calling for
work or full pay during the coming winter, caused a very lively
and Interesting discussion. During
the discussion, the question of
what fs the standard of living
was raised, onc delegate* suggested
that the figures of the Labor Gazette, as to the cost of living for a
family, plus the cost of necessities
left out, would HU the bill.
The council approved and endorsed the resolution, which is somewhat different to the Ideas expressed recently at a meeting of the
Farmers' Institutes, when It waa
proposed the unemployed should
lie paid at the rate of 120 per
month and board.
It was reported that the C. tf,
U. X. had appointed a committeo
to Interview the Japanese, ChlncBd
and Hindus In the city, who had
served In the war, with the object
of having them Join the organization.
The date of thc mass meeting
for the purpose of raising funds
for Soviet Russia, was fixed for
Sunday, the 18th, at 3 p.m., providing permission ls secured for the
use of Cambie street grounds.
The Boilermakers reported that
a Japnnese delegate had addressed
their last meeting, and that tha
address wns both Instructive anf
interesting.
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FEDERATED LABOR PARTY (Vanconver Dlstriot)
WM. IVENS, M.L.A., of Fioipeg
WILL LECTURE AS FOLLOWS:
VANCOUVER—Sunday, Kept, il—Royal Theatre
Subject:    "Pulpit, Press, Prison, Parliament."
Sunday, Sept. 1ft—Koyal Theatre
Subject:    "Evolution vh. Revolution."
SOUTH VANCOUVEIt—Saturday, Sept 17—Fraser Hull
Subject:    "Commerce, Diplomacy, Wur."
McKay Hall—Date fixed later.
Mr. Ivens will also address meeting at New Westminster Labor
Temple, Monday, Sept. 12.
All Meeting* Commence 8 p.m.
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Unity of Labor: Tht Hope of tta World
FRIDAY...
..September 9, 192V
THE FIGHT is on. The more or less
"Honorable" Arthur Meighen has de-
• cided'to take a chance on his political
life and appeal to thc dear people on a
question of tariffs,  a most  momentous
issue, which will stir manu-
'i.     TARIFFS   facturers,   merchants,   i'arm-
NOTTHE   ers,   and  even   some   wage
" ISSUE slaves to thc very depths of
their mental capabilities. Already the farmers arc getting into harness for the fray. Thc Liberals, who
have long ago enunciated thcir policy on
this question, are looking with longing
eyes to the flesh pots which have for so
long bcen denied them, and are living
in hopes that ere long they will bc in
power. The farmers also have dreams of
rosy days to come, when the duty on
things whieh they need in the agricultural' operations by whieh they obtain
their living, are reduced. The workers,
as represented by sueh organizations as
the new Labor Party, recently formed in
Winnipeg, are also interested in lower
tariffs so that they can obtain the necessities of life at a lower price and imagine
that by the election of some more or less
"brilliant and respectable" non-Bolshevist workers, they will be relieved
ot! some of the burdens that modern capitalism has placed on their backs.
.While thc Liberal and the pai'ty or
conglomeration of parties and interests
which the government represents, are'
fighting over the issue raised, the workers, bc they agricultural or industrial,
who have any idea that the bringing
about of a change in thc government
will bring relief, arc much to be pitied.
Governments are only capable of doing
one thing, and that is governing a subject class for thc purpose of protecting
ruling clnss interests. Due to conditions
and the opportunity which arose in the
struggle between capital and labor in
Winnipeg iu 1919, the Meighen administration gave a concrete example of ruling
. class methods when dealing with rebellious slaves, who threatened thcir masters' interests. The Dominion government, during that period of strife and
thc days of the "Robertson revolution,"
was ably backed up and aided by a perfectly good Liberal crowd in th shape
of the Manitoba government. During
the miners' strike in the Crows Nest Pass
in 1911 a good Conservative government
in British Columbia did all that was possible to defeat the workers by thc sending of troops into the strike area, while
a Liberal government in Alberta did similar things and the Laurier administration, to put the finishing touch on the
Labor crushing activities of the mining
interests, lifted the tariff on American
coal so that thc pressure on thc eoal operators caused by the shortage of coal as
a result of the strike, could bc relieved,
and the miners defeated. It was a good
job. Just as good a pieco of work as thc
combination of the Meighen and thc Norris governments did in 1919, and yet in
spite of these examples of the methods
and functions of governments, there are
workers who still cherish the illusion that
a change in the composition of a ruling
class administration will bring them relief.
»■'*';•
Tari-f issues are nothing new. There
Was one in thc election of 1911. The
people expressed their will as to whether
the manufacturers of this country should
have protection or no(. But the great
niiiss of the people, who voted on the
issue raised, had neither interest nor concern in thc struggle which was one between warring sections of thc ruling
class as to how the spoils of exploitation
of thc workcrs~of thc country should be
distributed, and who was to gain the
most advantage by the extraction of profits from those who produce thc wealth
which our masters so glibly boast of.
That the wealth which was produced by
the workers, did not belong to them, never
entered tlieir heads. Tlieir masters catch
cries were heard, and they became excited and votecras thc spellbinders impressed them. If thc Liberal politician
impressed them, they voted Liberal; if,
on thc other hand, thc protectionists
were able to make their arguments stick,
then they voted that ticket, and when it
was all over they were still slaves, and
still produced wealth for their masters.
* * '      *
The spectacle of a jobless slave or a
, farmer w,ho, has to work both himself
and his family to the limits of human
endurance in order to live, getting excited over the question of whether the
manufacturer shall be protected from
competitors or not, is certainly a pitiable
onc. The sight of a worker becoming
enthused by a low or high tariff cry,
when the wealth which he creates when
working is thc property of his masters,
is onc that would make the gods weep,
and the master class chuckle at his slu-
pidity. Tariff or no tariff, thc agricultural and industrial workers are thc
slaves of a class in society which lives by
thc exploitation of tho working class. Its
internal dissensions over matters ot the
distribution of thc surplus values produced by thc workers over thc cost of
tho reproduction of their labor power,
arc no concern of the victims of the present system. While capitalism lasts, tlieir
lot will bu one of misery and degradation. Unemployment and all its attendant miseries will bc theirs so long ns one
class holds another in slavery.   The issue
in the coming election, for the working
class, is not one of tariffs, but a class
issue; and while the election of a few
class-conscious and educated workers will
never bring the emancipation Of that
class about, yet by electing such men, the
machinations of thc ruling class can be
better exposed, and thc carrying on of
working class propaganda greatly aided.
This is thc issue for the working class,
There is no other, and while many do not
realize it, there never was any other issue between slaves and their masters,
than that of a struggle for freedom, and
that struggle will be aided by the spreading of education along working class
lines among the members of the working
class in this country. Tariffs are ruling
class problems. Thc working class task
is greater than all the tariff issues that
were ever raised: it is one of freeing
humanity from slavery.
THE CHIEF characteristics ofthe
ruling class are make-believe, camouflage and hypocrisy. A good example of
the mapner ih which all of these are used
has been demonstrated during the past
week, the occasion being
THE U. S. AND the opening of tlje
CANADIAN Peace Arch at Blaine,
"PEACE." which is supposed to be
a monument to the fact
that for a hundred years, Canada and
the United States have lived in peace. If
the people were to listen and believe the
utterances of the sycophantic hangers-
on to the ruling class of both nations,
they would come to the conclusion that
the maintenance of peace was due to the
fact that the two nations had a common
heritage and those Anglo-Saxon ideals-^
heaven only knows what they arc—which
make for the maintenance of peaceful relations and that the peoples were sprang
from the same stock and consequently
could not, by any degree of imagination,
come into conflict.
. s. .
In the first place, thc peoples of the
two countries are not of the same stock,
mueh less are cither of them of Anglo-
Saxon origin. If ever there was a cosmopolitan country on the face of the
earth, it is the United States. To a large
extent, Canada is peopled with the progeny of many countries; in fact, our
anti-Asiatic friends would have us believe
that it is peopled by Asiatics, while the
truth is, France and many other
European countries have contributed
their quota to thc population of this
country and Great Britain, which is also
a cosmopolitan country, and has no clear
stock, but a breed which is a conglomeration of many nationalities, has sent a
large share of her surplus population to
this land of promise and the last great-
west. While the American nation is less
an Anglo-Saxon product than is Canada,
yet the fact remains that in seeking Labor, both countries have scoured thc face
of the earth for the material required,
and there is neither Anglo-Saxon- or any
other principles which affect or control
thc actions of the puling classes of tho
respective countries, except those of the
interests-of the class of wliich they are a
part.
* * •
While all the balderdash about peace is
being handed out to a credulous and gul-
lable public, the government party of
this country, which is representative of
the financial institutions of the United
States, is hurling hot shots at thc American manufacturers. Mackenzie King, the
leader of the opposition, and the associate of American industrial concerns, is
a low tariff man, and presumably seeks
to Secure to the people of this countly
commodities without the payment of
duty, or at least, a very low tariff. In
that attitude he is in line with those
whom he has associated with in the past,
particularly when he gave his energies to
Ameriean manufacturers in "showing
them" how industrial peace could be secured. Incidentally, both political leaders of this countly represent different
wings of American capital and enterprises, and neither of them care about or
will reprosent the interests of thc producing part of the population.
Returning to the century of peace, the
question of ideals never entered into the
situation. The only reason there has been
peace is due to thc fact that there has
never been any challenge by Canada to
the commercial supremacy of the. United
States. Had that situation arisen, then all
thc ideals would have been swept into
oblivion, and the stronger nation would
have won, and that would not have been
Canada., While peace is being lauded,
thc dogs of war, both of Great Britain
of which Canada is but a part in name—
its finances and industries being controlled by American capital as witness the
Provincial and Dominion government
loans, and where they came from, and
the fact that the largest industries of thc
country arc controlled by the same powers—and thc United States arc straining
at their leashes because of thc growing
antagonism between those two powers,
owing to thc struggle for commercial
supremacy. Great Britain is not in accord with the views of Premier Meighen,
and her secret influences will be used for
.Mackenzie King, because of thc fact that
Meighen has opposed the Japanese Alliance, which is in thc interests, of thc
British ruling class, owing to thc fact
that the struggle between the United
States and Great Britain must of necessity eventually rest on the partition of
China, and while they were shouting
peace at Blaine, thc strain between the
two great powers of the earth was he-
coming greater because of thc confleting
economic interests of these two sections
of the rilling class. The great bloodfest
in Europe gave' the United States the
dominant position, which she will hold if
force cnn hold if, and she hns thc force.
Peace forsooth I There never will bo
peaco ns long as n system lasts.which is
based on force. The ruling clnss rules
by force. But the very fnct thnt there is
nut chough to go round in these days of
capitalistic development, compels sections
of thc ruling class to clash, and when
they do, thc different conflicting interests
call on their respective slavea to, settle
who shall control the situation. Having
secured that control for thcir, masters,
thc "vjctorious' slaves return to peir
slavery and are exploited, more than
ever. Weltering in misery,/the~jrofkers
of America and the British Knrairfj lar q
facing another great slaughtermg (competition to decicje which power shall, in
the name of "freedom" and oljei-'ruling class "ideals," have the benefit' of
thc exploitation of China's hoides'of
workers. Peace, never while capitalism
reigns! There never can be peace until
thc cause of wars is abolished, flnd'that
is the present system. To thc VfttM^ye
slaves, it is your job and ho others,, can
accomplish the mission of an international working class, which is the abolition
of human slavery, the cause of all wars;
pestilence and misery, and even ruling
class hypocrisy and make-believe; that
mission accomplished, peace for the first
time since slaves were shackled, will then
reign, but not until then.
Low or high tariffs may appear Very desirable things to those interested, but a
doughnut without a hole in it would look
good to a hungry slave, and the sooner
he looks to thc doughnut and forgets all
about tariffs the sooner his stomach will
be at peace.
Harold Begbie, the' well known writcrj
suggests that Great Britain may face a
commercial collapse in November and
that as a result there will be a lack of
food supplies and a revolution. Wc suppose that in that event the. Bolshevists
will be blamed for their "destructive"
tactics.       	
Having saved the province from eternal
destruction and been kissed by the
premier of this province, the Hon. Mary
Ellen Smith is expected to now give her
attention to the "greater" needs of the
country. Well, wc wish her lnck! If
she can rectify the defects of capitalism a
desperate ruling, elass will write her name
on thc scroll of fame.
Just as wc thought thnt the only issue
in the election had been decided on, wc
are told that the tariff question is not thc
only one, and that railroads are to bc a
bone of contention. Well, as the workers
have no railroads or anything else, we
suppose that they will be content to figlit
it out on the tariff issue. 'Tariffs count so
much when a slave has no job and cannot
eat, that is the tariff on a beefsteak.
While graft is no concern of the working class, yet in view of the high moral
outlook of the rulers of this city, 'will
those responsible for the cutting of cordwood in Stanley" Park please inform- the
public where it goes after it is cut, and
if it all goes in the right direction. 'A
little light might be thrown on some of
our city officials if a full report was
made as to the disposition of this fuel.
  ■."' .
The Hon. Mackenzie King, leader of the
Liberal Party, when minister of labor, decided that the closed shop sought by the
members- of the United Mine Workers in
the Crow's Nest Pass could not be established because of British Law. The Hon.
Gideon Robertson, Minister of Labor in
the Meighen administration, forced the
closed shop on thc same miners when they
decided to abandon the United Mine
Workers for thc O.B.U. "You pays your
money and takes your choice." Evidently
British law does not count except when
it is in line with the employing class interests of this country.
The Birmingham Town Crier, a British
Labor paper, dealing with the question
as to whether labor is fit to govern, publishes the following:
"As an aid to thc discovery of the real
Lord Kitchener, Viscount Eshcr's book,
'The Tragedy of Lord Kitchener,' leaves
much to be desired. But, incidentally, it
throws a lurid glare on the 'Is Labor fit
to govern.' controversy. Here is a true
story of a Cabinet meeting of the 'fit-to-
govern' statesmen, as told by Viscount
Esher: •
" 'Please, remember,' said Mr. Asquith,
that in an hour's time I have to tell the
House of Commons what the Cabinet has
decided.' There was silence, and then
Mr. Balfour said: 'You had better tell
them that the Cabinet has decided it is
quite incapable of conducting the business of the country and of carrying on thc
war.' No observation having been made
on this, the Prime Minister asked: 'Am
I to say that to the House of Commons?'
On whieh Mr. Balfour retorted, 'Well, if
you do, you will at any rate bc telling
them the truth.' "
'Comment would mar that picture."
At a nieeting of Farmers' Institutes,
held in Victoria recently, the methods of
reducing wages and solving the unemployment problem were discussed. An
individual named Pullen advocated getting men down to a standard of subsistence, just to keep them alive over the
winter, he naively suggested. He advocated o wnge of $20 per mon^ with
board, on farms, and that if these-wages
were not accepted, thc government should
refuse to keep them (the workers) alive.
Another of those present said: "Before
thc war, if a man would not work, he
was an outcast and died eventually,
which was thc best thing for him. No
doubt both of thc gentlemen referred to
above are good kind Christian men.
They will, most assuredly, be regular nt-
t .riders at ohurch. Fear God, honor the
King, and prido themselves on their respectability. While it may be true that
a single man could get by with $20 per
month and his board, what about the
man with a family? But then, what
right has a slave to have a family? His
but thc right to work, and vfork cheap—
so that farmers nnd others can make all
th^t is possible out of his labor—and
starve in silence when his services are
no longer required, We are, however, inclined to think that if the ideas of these
two gentlemen were to prevail, that it
would indeed be better for men to die
than to live under the conditions that
thev would have made effective.
•"T^HUS WROTE the famous Fran-''for knowledge; and lt was blinded
I cis Bacon three centuries'ago.
* Today lt Is as true as lt was
then; not, however. In the sense
that Bacon had In mind when he
wrote. The world has moved since
then. Modern society haa made
tremendous atrldea and has gone
through violent changes since that'
rosy dawn of the capitalist era.
Old1 classes Have died out; new-
classes have appeared on the stage
of hiBtory, Knowledge has accumulated; power has changed. The
class that was at that time just
beginning to kick over the traces
of feudal restrictions has established itsolf over the whole of modern society. At that time capital
was revolutionary; It had to flght
its way to the front, To do this it
required knowledge and It required
power. It wanted them for revolutionary purposes; and lt used them
for such purposes. Feudalism was
overthrown. Capitalism ..became
triumphant. It created "a world
after its own image."
No sooner had it begun to consolidate Itself than another class
came to the fore. Capitalism
created a new class—the proletariat. This was unfortunate for capitalism; yet it was Inevitable. It
could not exist without lt. As soon
as the bourgeoisie ended Us conflict
with the old regime It was called
upon to face the rising proletariat.
The development of capitalism
meant the.development of the proletariat. To the extent that capitalism revolutionized society; to
that extent did it create the power
that was to threaten Its Interests.
An international capitalism meant
an international proletarian movement. As capitalism has expanded
its tentacles to the four corners of
the globe, the proletariat has consolidated Itself.
It Is the proletariat that is revolutionary today. And a revolutionary movement-must, above all else,
have power: It Is the supreme necessity of all revolutionary forces.
Reform movements may rely on
persuasion; a revolutionary movement ,cannot afford such tactics.
Tho function of a revolutionary
movement is to destroy the old order; it means the abolition of the
old system that hampered its
growth. This, therefore, requires
power.
Ruling classes never come to the
aid of a struggling subject class: on
the contrary, they hamper its
growth. The struggling class must
itself create tho weapons by which
it forces its way forward. This applies to the modern working class
movement today. Only in the teoth
of desperate resistance by the capitalist class can It advance Its Inter-
economically and politically.
The modern worker ls opposed not
only by the boss In the workshop;
he has to combat the whole forces
of capitalism from the middle class
scab to the university professor.
The modern class strugglo ls ln
its essence a social conflict; It Is a
lonfllct that must be waged systematically over the whole Held of social activities. This certainly requires power; but lt requires an efficient power. A power backed up
by blind resentment wilt not do. It
must be a power backed up by a
systematic understanding of the
facts of modern society; but It is
also a means to advance and systematize tho power of the working
working class movement.
Knowledge, to the proletariat,
cannot be an end in itself. In fact
it never is to any class; it is always
a means, and that a means to the
realization of power. Tho bourgeoisie does not pursue knowledgo
for any abstract end in Itself. It
pursues it as a concrete necessity
for the stabilization ot the capitalist system. Obviously, therefore,
the proletariat does not require
knowledge for the sake of knowledge; it requires it for the sake of
power. The working class movement is a movement in a hurry; it
has concrete and practical tasks to
perform in the pursuance of Its historic aim. This task, Indeed, requires knowledge; but lt must be a
knowledge that can be applied to
the helping of the solution of these
practical problems; this knowledge
that we garner must be capable of
practical application.
The knowledge that the working
class requires ls therefore a class
knowledge. And ln so far as It requires it as a means towards achle-^
ving class power, It Is evident that*1
this knowledgo will not be supplied
by the class the Interests of which
are In danger. The capitalist class,
backed up by the university defenders of this beat Qf all societies, will
put up every possiblo obstacle to
prevent the working class movement from obtaining the necessary
knowledge. It ls not for any abstract disinterested motive that our
princes of flnance contribute generously to vnrious educational Institutions which set out to enlighten
the workers. No; these apparently
humanitarian motives have, In the
last analysis, a very concrete oconomic content. Bruto physical
force no longer suffices to keep the
workors in subjection. Some more
subtle method Is nnw required. And
nothing Is so paralyzing and stultifying ns mentnl dope: nothing is
more calculated to keop the lower
orders In thoir places. The capitalists certainly will supply the
working class with knowledge—of
a kind. But Instead of this knowledge lending Itself as a weapon to
the working class in its strugglo
for power, it is a rneanB for the
concentration of the power of capital.
The mental outlook of the capitalist class is essentially different
from that of the woiklng class.
Their status In life Is different;
their outlook therefore must be
different. A ruling class, In order
to maintain Us position, must think
nnd act as a ruling class; it must
also see to It that the subject class
thinks as a subject class; it is vitally dangerous for a ruling claBB
when the subjoct class begins to
think In terms of a rlBing class.
And as it is the ruling class that
controls tho sources of Intellectual
deyelopment It is a part nf Its policy to dole out a knowledge of such
quality and quantity compatible
with Its needs.
For a long time thc working class
movemont has been subject to such
treatment; its mental faculties have
for decades been 'steeped in the
mystical prejudices handed out
from thc fount of capitalist culture. In the maze of such stultifying Intricacies the proletarian
movement must of necessity have
been confused; it gropod wildly and
blindly for the light lhat would
show to it the road nf omanolpa-
♦ln,i.    I, _r.ii(,M lhe Il_-.it: It looked
with prejudices. Numerically the
working class was strong and powerful; but It lacked the knowledge
that would enable this power to be
organized and applied practically.
It felt its strength but it oould not
■ee ita goal, Because It laoked a
systematic understanding of the
methods of applying this potential
power lt failed to make Itself as
efficient as it otherwise couid have
done.
But during those struggles towards the light the movement
acquired experience. To-day we
can and ought to proflt from those
experiences. The movement grows
every day; our power is grenter
than ever it was. But this power
must be applied; it must be used
for the advancement of our alms
and objects. This requires know
ledge—a knowledge of capitalist
society ln all ita complexities and
intricacies. And this the working
class movement must- seek itself;
it must be garnered by and disseminated to the whole movement.
The need for understanding capitalism is as great as ever: to gain
a knowledge of Its forces is supremely Important.
There are at tho present time
innumerable social quacks propagating the goBpel of the reconciliation of capital and labour. With
their superficial phraseology it Is
no difficult task for them to prey
on the political and economical Ignorance of a large majority of tlie
working class. The-workers need,
above everything^ else, a true understanding of the relation of capital and labour; they want a knowledge of the facts of modern society. Then we Bhall have fewer
examples of a class divided against
itself, as in the recent Triple
Alliance fiasco. Then knowledge
will become not only a class power
but a means to the conquest of
social power. —G. G. G, in the
Socialist.
s
IS
Gives His Views to the
Chicago Federation
of Labor
(By the Federated Press)
Chicago — Geo. Bernard Shaw
thinks Marshal Fueh could make a
speech at the Chicago Fedoration
of Labor celebration on Labor Day
which would be far more instructive, because "three-quarters of the
Labor men who are now denouncing him would find that they liked
him very well, and agreed with
everything he said."
That is what he said in a letter
to the Federation, declining to
come to Chicago as a Labor Day
apeaker.    The letter follows;
"I do not think your Federation
can gather a complete notion of
European conditions from any one
person. If you could obtain a series of three addresses from Kerensky, from Lenin and from a capable Czarist you would learn something about Russia.
"If you could get a similar series
from England from Mr. Ramsey
Macdonald as a representative of
tho second international, and from
some equally able advocate of the
third international, followed by
Mr. Winston Churchill as the representative of the British Imperialism, and by Sir Donald,MacLean
as a liberal non-lnterventionfst (or
George Washingtonian), and so on
through ajl the countries of Europe
hearing on all sides and especially
tho side of the existing governing
classes, which labor misunderstands, and leaves contemptuously
out of count until it ls suddenly
carried away by it into a wor, then
Labor would begin to know its way
about In questions of foreign and
military policy. At present it ls so
ignorant and consequently so helpless when a crisis comes that nothing is easier for a government
threatened with Labor legislation
than to set the workers of the
world cutting one another's throats
furiously, and to make'a great
deal of money out of the process
into the bargain, I have heard
Labor congresses denounce imperialism and secret diplomacy and
war and all tho rest of it, with the
utmost enthusiasm, and been perfectly aware all the time that any
imperialist adventurer who was a
bit of a speaker could (jonvert them
in 20 minutes into a mob of shrieking bloodthirsty .patriots.
"No address that I or any other
single man could deliver would
moke much difference in this respect. An address from Marshal
Foch would be far more instructive, becauso three-quarters of the
Labor men who are now denouncing him would find that they liked
him very well, and heartily agreed
with everything ho said."
I
SUICIDE DAY
Interesting Statistics of
How Unemployment
Affects People
(By The Federated Press)
New York.—Many men throughout the Uplted States scan the
want ad columns of the Sunday
newspapers for jobs, answer the
ads only to find the places filled,
and then go out and kill themselves—usually on Tuesdays. This
is the startling information revealed by an analysis of statistics
just announced here,'.'Tuesday
has become the chief "suicide
day," at least In New York City.
The Increase in self destruction
has come as the aftermath of the
world war and fully 76 per cent
of those who kill themselves are
victims of misfortune duo to lives
broken by the war or unemployment.
The following figures show the
incrense In suicides In a single
year:
Suicides In the whole country:
First six     First six
mos. 1920    mos. 1921
Men      1810 4527
Women       961 1982
Boys   •        88 214
Girls      137 293
Totals       2996 7016
In New York City:
Men        277 -         319
Women  '.       108 124
LANE&T00N
816 RICHARDS STREET
Vancouver, It, C.
wuiounce the opening of
The Little
Book Shop
Monday, September 13, 1021
Magaiines—Books — Stationary
Out-of-town     ordors     wilt     havo
prompt    And    careful    Atlon.ion.
Books procured to ordor at lowest
prices.
FOR SALE
820 acres Montana land, $20
per acre.   Terms.
Cash price, 86000, with one-
eighth oil rights.
Might   consider    trade    and
$5000 cash, one-eighth
oil rights.
Address:
M. J. DVORSHAK '
2112 ROCKEFELLER AVE.,
EVERETT, WASH.
A—HOME—-*
CASH OR
CREDIT
Furniture Store
We want you to come to
this store with confidence
that you can buy Furniture, Carpets and Linoleum at lower prices and
better terms.
No   Greater   Opportunity
for    the    Working    Mea
BUY IN THIS STORE
REMEMBER THE
HOME
FURNITURE
STORE
416 Main Street
Phone Sey. 120"
MENTION THS FEDEEA-
TIONIST and gst yonr 10
pw -Mt. <Hsc_n__.
Yon will notice a Further Reduction
on Last Weeks Waterproof Goods
OLIVE  OILCLOTHINC-
Loiig Coats now $7.60
Tlirce-quartor Coats ..$6.75
Hunter Coats $6.00
Jackets $4.00
Pants  $4.00
BLAOK
Long Coats $6.00
Three-quarter Coats ....$5.00
Jackets $3.00
Pants $3.00
Hats  $1.25
RUBBER BOOTS
Hip Snag Proof $8.50
Storm King Snag
Proof $7.50
Knee Snag Proof $6.50
Plain Gum Hip $7.50
Storm King Plain $6.60
Knee Plain Gum $5.60
Laced Snag $4.60
Laced Gum $3.75
. Gum Coats : $6.00
Tyce Fisherman
Boots '. $6.00
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
Biuf ap Phone Beymour IW
(or appointment       ,
Dr. W. J. Curn
,.,, mmwt    .,,
Suite, Ml Dominion Build Inc
VANCOUVER, 8. O,
J.HJIN0RE
Fine Tailoring
CLEANING and  PRESSING
**    Phone Pair. 4859
234 BROADWAY EAST
BEST VALUE IN THE CITV
EUREKA
TEA CO.
607 DUNSMUIR STREET
Fresh Roasted Coffee Dally
Teas and Coffee, 3 lba. for . l.Ot
nnd up.
ALVIN ROOMS
56 CORDOVA ST. E.
Quiet and Reliable
A Working Man's House
All    modern    rooma.      Hates'
reasonable. '
"PELLOW-WORKEJ-"
O. J. Mengel
Writes all elosses of Insurnnce. Representing only flret-
class Board companies. It inaurance 10 wanted, write or
phone Sey. 5626.
Offlce address, 713 Board of
Trade Bldg., Vancouver, B.O.
Greateit Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
,1
41 Hustings Stroot West
FIRST CHURCH OF.
CHRIST SCIENTIST
!M0 Qs-riU final
Bunday tsr.lees, 11 s.m. ud 7.S0 _
Blindly    st-ool    ImuedlMely    follow:
Bornlaf sutIco.    Wednesday lestlnoi
meeting,   l   pjn.   y,u       -   -
(Ol-.O-   Birks   Bids.
Vou may wish to holp Tlie Ft
erationi-t. You can do so by rem-
Ing yonr subscription promptly a
sending in.thc subscription of yt
friend or neighbor.
OOWAN & BROOKHOUS3
IHINTEM, PUBLISHER!, STZBE'
TYPEES AND BOOKBDIDEES
1189 HOWE STREET
Union Offlolals, writo for prioes.
 tivo SATISFACTION.
UNION MAN I
In that dark hour when aympi
thy and best service count
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
233 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVE
Phone Fairmont U
Prompt Ambulance Bervice
EMPIRE CAFd
AND GRILL
"A Good Placo to Eat"
HASTINGS AND COLUMBIA fi
FOUR   MINUTES    TO    COMPLE'
OALLS TO VAHOOUVEB ISLAM
Have you triod the long distw
telephone sorvico between tho ma
land and Vanoouver Inland Intel
The additional submarine cable..giv
ample fnd lit lei, and tho average c
Is completed in four minutea. Tha'
pretty good going, when it la reme
bored that Contra) hunts up the pal
wonted and gots him on the line, T
It nnd seo.
Botweon 7 p.m. and 8 a.m. yon I
three times tho day period at t
same price.
BBITISH   OOLUMIBA   TELEPHOl
OOMPANT
BE BURB 7017 OET
VAN BROS.
WH_._. TOU ABK rem
-CIDER-
ud Non-alcoholic wlnei ef t_
klndi
ITN_ON   MEN'S   ATTENTION J'ltlOAY September 0. 1»_1
Can defective teeth be replaced
and the work not ihow?
TES, THET OAN. OAU AT HT OFFICE
AMD LET ME PROVE IT!
For years I have specialized in making my work—
be it Crowns, Bridges or Plate Work—an exact
duplication M your natural teeth. My finished
work speaks for itself.
Long practical experience, thorough training and
expert work enable mc to accomplish results
. which will surprise you.
.See me before you have work done on your teeth.
H Dr. BRETT
ANDERSON
602 HASTINGS ST. W.
■ Corner Seymoar
PHONE SEYMOITR JSS1
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday
Evening!
\
thiktkbmth v___.it.  no. 3.    tHE BRITISH J^W&JBl- l-^DtiuAILOiilji' Vancouver;% a
My Prioes
are extremely reasonable,
just as low aa tho coat ot
tbe beat materials and expert work witt allow.,
Oet My Estimate
DB. BRETT  AKDEBSOX,  formerly member ot tbe r.coHj ot lbs
Collets ol Dentistry. Calveislty ol Southern Calilorala, Loot, nr
on Orown and Bridfowork, Demonstrator in Pl.t. work and Opera*
lln Dentistry, Local aad Oeneral Anaesthesia.
Victory Bonds Accepted at Far for Denial Work
Id
ATTACK RUSSIA
Magnify Famine to Aid in
Forming: Public
Opinion
(By the Federated Press) **
London.—Day by day the real
purpose behind the suddenly professed humanitarian motives of
capitalists In the allied countries
with reference to the starving, millions of Russia is coming to light.
Prance is pouring munitions into
Uu mania by the  trninload.    Mili
tary activity on an almost unprecedented scale la reported from
Poland. It is openly stated ln the
newspapers of Bucharest that
wlthtn the next month all reserve
officers, up to and Including captains, will have been summoned to
the concentration camps.
The Vienna correspondent of th_e
London Dally Herald reports, that
there is no doubt whatever that the'
Rumanian government, backed by
France, is preparing for an attack
upon Soviet RubsU. He says that
vast supplies of munitions, especially heavy artillery, are being
transported to the Bessarabian
frontier by the Rumanian army
and that they como from France
by way of Hungary,
In London publicity agents are
busily engaged in magnifying tlio
famine with a view to creating *h.
public opinion that will not object
to militury intervention in Russia
at the proper time.
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
1 Children Are the
H   <« ;   Hope of Russia
f (Continued trom page 1)
PRINCE BUPERT BRANCH
  »,,M     •-,11     „|      fl.       ._.      UUO>     ,
Camp   3,   Cumshewa   (Kelly's), camp iS/stlll working 8 hours
haa started to shut down, most of     *".-»«  *-  .   ~—---i   -**—i
nas started to snut down, most ofl    'mere  Is a  general   attacK   or wjt,  •:  ., ""•     .,""_,"-"„,'.","„ J
the crowd having-gone by the last  sleeping sickness these days, .and; JgjJ^J thKSSS
boat, and the remainder expected   what ls needed ls a few live doc-v27 *n«J™*1^        , „JE
tors.    The  rank   and   file   c*ijn&jJS
boat, and the remainder expected
to follow In a few weeks. As this
was the only revenue producing
camp In the district for the last
few months, the secretary considers himself at liberty to chase the
elusive Job, wherever It beckons,
Instead of limiting his search to
Prince Rupert, as he haa done (unsuccessfully) since the branch convention in June, at which he undertook to handle any buainess in
his spare time without wages.
Accompanying this report is the
certified audit of the voting on the
referendum submitted by the
branch convention last June, Fellow workers elected to the branch
executive board will kindly forward their present addresses to J.
M, Clarke, 61 Cordova atreet west,
Vancouver, from which they will
be forwarded to this office.
^ Yours for emancipation,
J. H, BORROUGH,
Seoretary.
Financial report for the month
ending August 31, 1921:
Office dues & Dlst. mem'ra..| 44.00
Delegates' remittances     38.00
Bar. on hand Jtily 31    26.56
$108.56
Expenses
Secretary on acct. of wages
due  I 45.00
Rent  for July.  5.00
Office  expenses  2.34
B. C.  Federatlonist, July.... 9.00
Soviet Russia, (May final).. 3.00
Sundries   1.02
Headquarters  30.04
$ 95.40
Bal. 0n hand, Aug. 31  13.16
"Left Wing"
Communism
An Infantile Disorder
(By, Nikolai Lenin)
MOW ON SALE BY THE B. 0. PEDEBATIONIST
Price: Single Copies 25c
Ten or more copies at the rate of 20c per copy, postage
paid.  Get your orders in quick, as there will not
be a second edition.
$108.56
The following is the result of
the refernedum for the election of
branch executive board members:
Vlotor Kobler, 28; Nelson Brown,
25; A. 13. Jones, 24; Wm. Morris,
20; A. Burke, 19; Z, P. Gagne, 18;
Ed. King, 16; D. Reid, 14. Fellow
"Workers Kobler, Brown, Jones,
Morris, Burke and Gagne were
elected.
and sent tn   $19   for dues.
Thitf
There" is   a   general   attack   of
tors.    The  rank   and   file   cannotj
cure  themselves  of  this   diseased
they are still .looking for leaders. I'M
It is therefore up to the active
one's V'ieThuay and"do"a bu'otL^8 a"d 'Bi»ls. marching up great
leading.   There is enough abMty iffi*^L ™n^-   (one   °.n   e!.the.r
leading. There is enough ability in
the lumber workers to bulk! up in*]
organization that will strike, terror j
into tho heart of the most tyrannical boss living, and as soon aa the
active spirits realize the necessity
of unity, the union will forge
ahead.
WHY MEN DON'T
GO TO CHURCH
Cump News
The rumored revival seems to be
showing signs of materializing;
Bernard's camp, which shut down
a short time ago, has started up
again. Dumarsq's cump is expected to snrt up shortly, and thero is
a persistent rumor that the Whalen camps at Port Allci. will start
up shortly.
Campbell's camp sent ln another
remittance of 180.54 this week for
dues, the delegate came to town,
and anothor dolegato will be elected
at their noxt meeting. Michael's
camp at Ocean Palls, reported that
many of the men are suffering
from sleeping sickness in thut camp
T«r Twenty Tsars ws ban Ura_i tm. ttnlen Strap loi ass nndsr out
VOLUNTARY  ARBITRATION CONTRACT
OUR STAMP INSURES:     -
Peaceful Collective Bargaining
Forbids Both Strikes uid LoekMU
Ditpuui Settled by Arbitration
Steady Employment and Skilled Werkmaneblf
Prompt Deliveries to Dealere snd Public
peace and Success to Workers aad Employtn
Proiperlty of Sboe Making Communities
As loyal union men and women, ve ask
you to demand shoei bearing the above
Union Stamp on Sole, Insole or Lining.
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
MS SUMMER STREET, BOSTON, MASS.
Lonlr, Ou.r-1 Presld.it.    Ohsrlss I. Bain, Osnaial Sao.-l.au.
Rill Out Flow.--, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Planta
Ornamental and Shads Treas, Seeds, Bulbs, Plortsti" Sundrlei
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
•    SXORISTS AHD NOBSERYMEK
_   BTO BE B   1
«8 Hastingi Street Eut 128 Oranvlll. Street
Sejmour MMTO Seymour was
UUION HADE
The IH.T, Loggers' Boot
Hall o_<_n fteejelly attoalsl te
Guaranteed to Bold Caulks and Aro Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & SON
63 CORDOVA STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, B. O,
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phono Seymour 56* Repair. Done Whil. Ton Walt
KEEP YOUR
MONEY AT HOME
Cascade Beer is made in Vancouver by Vancouver men. Last year $200,000 was paid in
Vancouver for making Cascade Beer.
Thc plant in whieh Cascade is brewed is the
most modern in Canada. No expense has been
spared to turn out a pure, wholesome, full
strength beer. There arc no flat battles in Cascade Beer.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES
Limited
Delivery
Four Big Stores
183 Hastings  St.    Phoa.  S»J.  3262
3230 1
Pilous Fair. 1683
"" O'tartlls 3t.     Phoa. Ssy. 6119
Fresh Meat Dept.
The finest Pot Roasts from,  lb 100
(By Qeo. F. Stirling)     .   j
EVER* little while we are
treated to a sermon by some
preacher or other on the
above subject. These sermons are
useless, because the men who do
not go to church know that the
reasons given are a million miles
from the truth, and if they do
happen to see a report of these sermons they merely smile and toss
them aside with contempt. If
some of thc preachers who preach
on this subject would take the
trouble to read Milton's poem '%>y-
cldas," they would be sure to stumble across some of the real reasons
of the familiar falling away in attendance.
"The hungry sheep look up, and
are not fed,
But  swollen   with   wind,   and/-the
rank mist they draw,
Rot inwardly."
Listen, for example, to this
"wind" and "rank mist," uttered
by the Very Rev. Prebendary
Qough,   vicar   of   Brompton,   Lon
Imperialistic principles."
He  also  said  he  had
"been
'""'..— """ £?ri U1°ns    me    tneatre    greensward. once the form of that impedement The committee, composed of re-
£    ,       \.       pacifi8t Then, at flag signals from the di- Is assumed, there is no power or P'esentatives °f «» Laoor organ!-
i bngiand. rector, they developed step by Btep force capable of changing its form miims> who  have  rallied   to  the
lgv-_T_,_.--?."?_*___?__ ,„ it u.ntil    each    Individual    occupied or action. Thus it is with mankind, h?1? °J the famine stricken In So-
The finest Ovon Roasts from,
lb.
per
,10c
Tho finest Boiled Roasts from, lb.._2'
Tho finest Boiling Beef from, ptr
I"         Hr..
Extra  Special—Pork   Shoulders;   reg.
28c,  lb 22 l-2c
SPRINO LAMB
Not frosen,  gfnulne   fresh   killed
Lamb.
Slew,  ib,  llic
Loins, lb 28 l-2c
Shoulders,, lb 20 l-2c
Legs,   lh ...3Bc
VEAL!      VEAL!      VEAL!
Finest Veal Stew, lb _ 16c
Finest V^al Shoulders, lb 18 l-2c
Finest Veal Loins, lb 30c
Finest Veal  Legs, lh 2fic
Provision Dept.
Special Rolled  Bacon, 3  Ilia.  for... 8Gc
Special Picnic Hams, lb 34 l-2c |
Buttor Special, 3 lbs, for .........
fl.00
Slater's
lb.
Slater's
lb.
Slater's
lb.
SLICED BAOON
Streaky Sliced Bacon
per
Streaky Sliced Bacon
por
Streaky Sliced Bacon
per
Slater'a   Speolal   Extra   Fine   Creamery Butter, 3 lba. for  *1.25
Finest Beof Dripping,  2  lbs.
for  _ _ 20c
Finest Lard Compound, 2 lbs. for..3So
Grocery Specials
Pastry  Flour,   10s  only  49c
Empress Strawberry Jam, 4s onljvOSc
Finest Marmalade, 2s only  4Bc
Blue Ribbon Toa,  lb  56c
Nabob  Tea,  lb   66c
Slater'a   Toa,   Ib,  „.. 40c
Finest Salt,  3 for  26c
Slate
r's
military service," and had been en
gaged    "in
movement in —„._.._.
* In referring to Ireland, he said,
"it could not be dealt with only in
two ways, either in a thoroughly
military way, or else by the throwing of Southern Ireland out ot the
Empire."
Referring to Labor, he said re
gretfully, that "everything seejns
to be done for the .under dog, who
has been made practically the top
dog." fC*
These and the like utterances
came from this "very reverend''
minister of the gospel of Jesus
Christ, And then we have sermons
on the topic, "Why men do not go
to church." If the church was
stripped of its function as a sooial
centre, we question whether many
women would go, either. t
There would be nothing extraordinary in these views expressed j by
the vicar, if they came from the
mouth of a soldier, or an imperialistic statesman, but coming from
a reputed follower of the lowly
Man of Peace, they are disgusting.
"Everything seems to be done
for the under dog. who has been
made practically the top dog." If
that wero true, ought it to cause
comment from one who is the habit of chanting ln his church, "He
hath put down the mighty from
their scats, and exalted them of
low degree. Ho hath filled the
hungry with good things, and the
rich He hath turned empty away.1
Yet men of the type of Prebenu
Russian campaign, camped at thts
entrancing spot.
'Descending from the hilltop we
:une to a sort of bench or plateau
view. There we found grandstands
erected fo,r lis. Soon the performers began to appear; thousands of
brfys and 'girls, marching up great
Bide) from a lower bench, which
being invisible from where the
spectators sat made excellent
"wings" for the enormous outdoor
stage. Many types of organization
were represented; Red army, officers' schools, colleges, grammar
and high schools,, physical culture
academies, etc. Practically all the
boys were' dressed only In short
running trunks while the girls'
wore natty costumes of various
kinds. As usual the red flag was
everywhere.
Women, Soldiers
The celebration began by all the
participants (we counted them up
to be about 10,000) drawing up In
formation for inspection. This
finished, they organized a parade
and marched past the' reviewing
stand. A special feature of this
parade was a detachment of Red
army soldier girls. Uniformed and
carrying bayonetted rifles like veterans, they marched in the same
units as the men. W.lth their cloth
hats, khaki jackets and short
skirts they cut an attractive flgure.
Americans, having In mind their
own weak and pampered women,
are inclined to smile when they
hear talk of women soldiers. But
those who have followed events in
this country and who are acquainted with the strong Russian women,
look upon the mater differently.
The magnificent physique and vigor of the women In this country is
a standing marvel to the American
delegates.
is made to build up the physique
o ot   the    people.      Thousands    of
__«. „,__» ._-..« iiw •»__« wou u, oi the people. Thousands of to tne contour of that which im-
ceaseless advocate of universal youngsters drew up in detachments Pedes its progress to the light, and
military service," and had been en- alonir    tho    th-M.t_.__    _._._._.«- j   nnen tho fWm «# .«*-* <— >-■- -
along    the    theatre    greensward
until
about
each    individual
eight-foot   square.
A Reply To Xlpahlti
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Sir—
The race to the strong, and tht
weak to the wall may not be thit
direct voice of nature but it's tol*
arably sound philosophy.
Weak and strong, progressive
and reactionary, right and wrong,
are all relative terms expressing
degree, but to the student of nature these terms convey no mean-
Ing. In nature the Individual or
object Is offered no- choice, both
being of nature,1 yet possessing
within them that which is nature
must necessarily conform to the
natural changes which they themselves create. Tou cannot separate the individual from conditions
of which he is a' part, neither can
he dfslntrlgate himself from the
resultant influences. Progress is
a term we use covering all evolutionary movement. Antagonism lti
violent opositlon and a non-exls-
tant force. The progress of humanity as a whole, has been, and
is now, devoid of reason, generally
speaking man ls not a reasoning
animal, he moves only when he
must as the result of physical,
social or economic forces. Man is
an irresponsible being, whose instinct, mind, and actions respond
to the chemical changes continually taking place In the matter
composing the planet. Take a
sack full of dirt and subject it to
a chemical analysis. You will flnd
It contains the same elements as
are contained In the human body
and granted that all matter is animate, these forces which create
sensation and vibration In the sack
will have a similar effect on the
human body. The application of
heat or cold will cause expansion
or contraction, lifce conditions will
have like results as in vegetation
so Is it with human beings, choice
there Is none. The unchangeable
laws of nature determine their actions,   only  one  course  to  follow,
-,._---_.„, I-V..B,   vutj   uno   i-uurue   to   I0110W,
After the parade came what was one^bject In view,  light, wisdom
called   massed   military  exercises land     undprstnnrtin-r     „»*     **.«i«
—    —.*«™  —  called   massed   military  exercises, and' understanding,     and     their ^""^"J01 ^XL^an
don, Eng,, whilst in Vancouver, on These-were much the same as take course, thut which offers the least "ur conscience.    Give alll jou can
Thursday, August 18:                         pIace ™n   Germany,   Sweden   and rentatance. ;. In  «»'"_   money  or  clothes,   and
"I am an unblushing believer In ither eountriiJTwhlJT™ -i!2      Takn th« «..i -mm. 1  ^up donations will be forwarded
Take tho seed which germinates
under a stone. It must conform
to the contour of that which inv
.w--t an eism-ioot square. In "'" reasoning animal, tne
this formation they then went highest form of creation. Man _
through an elaborate set of exer- ressonlng cannot change natural
cises, the beauty of which needs laws' " onl>' «"ial>Ira h"n to ana-
no telling to those who have ever 'J™ and understand them. He
witnessed such a performance. moves mly whlm he must and not
Following these  exercises there ln "MW0"""! to his reasoning
v-G- i'mW3_
PARISIAN
CLOAK AND SUIf CO.
—MAKE—
ANNOUNCEMENT
th»t they will GIVE <&%) FIVE PER CENT. WKCOtINT
to all rfSHl«s et tbe "FEDKtWnONISTT* pnxllH'lag thin
(dvertlMneat. Thin la • gamine cotsamttm. All yens ta
la to none bent and nuke rvnr porviwae ta the otA—vy
war—then, aficrwardN, when making pajment,
ye* yt.l.o. tbis aaswMiwasal aaa w» anew ytt 0 yet eeei. ea
tke •»_•- sf thi wn.
LADIES' COATS from liAIHES' SUITS final
$25 TO $75       $25 TO $75
Wt tort a vtry fen aal attnctlTe tMertawat  ef   Mgk   fitttfty
M1MM,  IKXBTf Mt  BAOTOOATI tt  ijlUllj   LOW  FUOM
Br*'* target tt Mm tUt ai. v%m yaa earns, aai. am tba
stdmi:
405 HASTINGS STREET WEST
| NK.-lt CORNER OP>HOMER|
10,000 Watches Wanted r^
y     ALL WORK (iUARAWPa&D '-jfT
4tt RICHARDS ST.       Al I LED Y       VANCOUVER, R. a
Scrap Gold, Silver, Diamonds, Watt-lies Bought—Sey, SS1S  S
The country was now a mass of
ruins. On top of ull this disaster,
not getting any respite to build a
new, comes the overwhelming catastrophe on the Volga, and thts at
last has compelled the severely-
tried people of Soviet Russia to
cry out aloud for immediate help.
Workers and farmers of Canada!
If help is not aent at once, and
sent on a large scale, we will have
the death of millions of little children, women and men In the famine-stricken Volga district upon
our conscience.    Give all you can
your donations will be forwarded
without delay by the central ofllce
of the Famine Relief Committee in
Winnipeg, direct tp Soviet Russia.
The committee, composed of re-
dary Gough are very necessary in tlful thing it was to see SOO boys,
the church of an imperialistic their naked bodies glistening In
state, When a battleship Is the sun, lined up in several detach
launched in England, the ceremony ments, each going through a dif-
1s usually begun with prayer, nnd forcnl set of calisthenics, simulta-
only men of the type of our im-' '"'~ "
periuiistlc vicar could say anything
appropriate to a god of peace as a
battleship is launched for the express purpose of blowing his Sixth
Commandment to hell.
"Thou shalt not kill" makes It
necessary far a good deal of diplomatic explanations to be made
to the Almighty regarding the
"hell-belching" cannon which decorate the dorks of a dreadnought,
and an ordinary believer in the
"brotherhood of man" might get
things pretty badly mixed up. This
Is just where the "unblushing imperialist" comes in handy. He can
say It with flowers, so to speak,
and the Almighty ts appeased..
In the meantime, many thinking men do not go to church.
France Tool of United
States in Europe
(Continued from page 1)
pany controls a dozen of what wore
formerly independent Arms.
Graf's views on oil coincide with
thoso of American and English
publicists. He points out that at
present tho United States produces
nbout 68 per cent, of the annual
output of oil, but this supply will
rapidly diminish, and the UnKed
States will be forced into contact
with England, which already controls the oil fields of the Near East
and a, large portion of tose in Mexico.
England, he says, being on 'the
defensive In the war of capital,, ;hi
more inclined to socialization or
nationalization of industry, but'the
United States has a capitalistic
army ready for the offensive and as
a state favors ruthless exploitation
of labor and tho systematic repression of tbe worker under legal
forms.
Here are two sentences from his
brochure:
"Uncle Sum has become the patron saint of tho capitalists
throughout the world."
wholo countries; It can finance revolutions and counter revolutions
either whito or red, as suits it best
Dealing with Lit*
Moscow .__ _______________
of travelling abroad. All such re
ports are pure nonsense. AH prattle of "panic in Soviet Russia" are
provocative lies. The Soviet government with Lenin at the head Is
complete master of the situation.! ••""- •■" <-»" fix*
The Soviet power la stronger, than) had tea In a swe
eve*
were many Borts of bayonet and
sword drills, ring exercises, cavalry
evolutions, etc., all. well done. But
the "piece de resistance," it seemed to me, was the 'rhythmic exercises." These are a kind of combination of calesthenics and dancing. They are performed to band
rrtusic. Originally developed in
Switzerland, they were popular ln
Russian aristocratic circles before
the revolution. The Bolsheviki
have brought them to the masses.
A team would start out through a
long list of callsthenlc movements,
working them in series of three or
four. That is, they would* do a
series of, say four movements, rapidly, pause slightly and then go on
with the next, repeating this to the
end. The effect is very curious and
pleasing. I marvelled to see the
teams go through elaborate ten-
minute exercises to the accompaniment of march music and then
finish exactly with the last beat of
the drum. ._
Poetry ln the Shovel
There  are   several    varieties  of
liese rhythmic exercises.   A beau
■•"•l  .. ,     2 '," "*•"_!_." ***"'*"'""■ I Viet   Ruasia,    is   now   organizing
H^hT°f«^ -ul ovor the Domlnion-
)nt| highest  form  of  creation.     Mansl^  dlBtrjbution  q{ reIief wIn  be
carried  out  by the official  "Help
Committee" of Soviet Russia.
In order to make this relief work
efFectlve, organize your neighbor-
Knowledge enabled man to understand and control certain physical forces just as today they are
enslaved through ignorance of the
social forces. Man's, actions express no. more reason or Intellect
than doeB a flea on a dog, who (if
permitted will gorge until he falls
asleep, or fs obliged to change his
position to escape the scratching
of tho dog.
Man's every action is a choice of
two alternatives, his choice Is determined by the thing desired and
the road he travels Is that which
presents the least resistance to his
efforts.
Survival is the evidence of fitness.
PRO BONO PUBLICO
A Financial Triumph
Zn November,. 1919, a Butte woman bought an express money order for $$0 and sent lt to relatives
ln Poland. It was never delivered.
She asked for her money back the
other day, and was offered 87
cents, plus an explanation. Tht
explanation took the place ef the
S59.13, which had disappeared In
the complexities of Internationa)
finance. She is without legal re*
dress. The bankers who got tht
$59 are those who laugh the loud-
mt at the absurdities of Communism.—Butte Bulletin.
Hnlp Famine-stricken Soviet
Russia
ALLIED   fBIlSTIMO   TBADES   OODH-
cil— Ussis    leeond     Mondny     la     lhi
Month.    Prwidflit, J. F.  McContnll: sstt*
retry, K. H. HoeUadi. P. O, Boi ftt
Editor B. C. Federatlonist—Fellow Worker: In response to the
appeals from the Soviet government, Labor organizations and
prominent men of Soviet Russia tn
tho workers of the world for assistance to the famine sufferers in the
Volga provinces, the Winnipeg Labor organizations have formed a
famine   relief   committee   for   the
drought stricken in Soviet Russia. iigTJ.  w.  Serrloe.   M«U  2nd  »d 4«
In these provinces on the Volga,  Wedneidijr Id »<* month In Pender Hnll,
.««..* o=- »i MiiirHuenigs, simulta- owing to an unusual and prolonged «'• °' *—***** ****** Howe stnou.   Paonu
neously to the samo music, and all drought,  the entire crop was de- g^;^"',
finishing exactly as the band came  stroyed.     In   ord^r to   understand
tn f-o i.-,h_ii«_ii».- ..__.-..-      • tj-e   preaent   8jtUnt|on   in   Russia,
hood In a local committee, and
communicate with the central office In Winnipeg, which will furnish official receipt books.
Send all contributions to The
Famine Relief Committee for the
Drought Stricken in Soviet Russia,
P. O. Box 3591, Station B, Winnipeg, Man.
Tours for the cause,
PRESS COMMITTEE.
If you want some sample copies
of this paper for your neighbors,
call around to the office and get
them.
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVKH TRADES AND LABOB
COUNOIL—Preildent, R. W. Hntley;
secret*!?, J. G. Smith, Meets Srd Wedneidiy ench month in the Pender Hsll,
corner of Ponder ind Uow« streets.
Phone  Hey. 291
BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS—If   yon
need  bricklayers or masons  for boiler
works,   etc.,   or   marble   setters,   phon*
Brieklayera'  Union, Labor Temple,
to Its concluding strain.
trile
._-.-„ ....    «. on in- me   present   sltuntlon   in   Russld,
ing piece of this type was called which before the war, was a grain
"hnmmer and shovel exercises."  It exporting  country,   we  must  take
was   performed   by   200   students into account,  that already at the
from a    physical    culture school, timo of the conclusion of the Brest
,.-,._,„«.       .■..ii. ic    ouiiUOl.
There were three sections, the boys
in tho ,centre being equipped with
..—„ _H_.tj.t-i_" wilh entirely stripped of all necessities
imitation sledges, and those on the of life, and waB unable to feed her
two ends with _uin.i»u    m***. __*..-.-
two ends with trades. The dancelike movements portrayed the use
of these tools. The effect was delightful. I never dreamed that
thero was so much poetry of motion in the proletarian shovel and
hammer. But the Russian revolution has been uble to find It.
A rythmic exercise that made a
hit was called "The Fall of the
Tyrant." It wus done to band music by 13 picked physical cultur-
ists. They were dressed us Ito-
mans. One typified the tyrant exploiter and 12 the oppressed workers. Tho latter, to the beat of the
music, went through tho motions
portraying hard labor, pulling,
lifting, hammering, throwing, etc.,
nlwnys driven on heartlessly hy the
tyrant. Now and again one would
revolt; then two or three; but the
tyrant would always crush them
and drive them back to thoir work
again. Finally, however, one dies
nt his work from exhaustion and
'the others, enraged, flnd the solidarity that enables them to rise together and to overthrow the tyrant.
That ended tho piece. In its art as
well as ln Its politics and economics Communism knows how to
produce the educational effects
that will eventually emancipate
Russia.
I In view of tho shortage of food I
was particularly Interested In noting the physical condition of the
'hoytt. This was easy to do ns they
were practically naked, To me
they looked liko an especially husky bunch of kids. I am sure that
they would more than average up
with an equal number of American
boys similarly assembled. ' It was
touching to seo the way the grownups, tho revolutionists, followed
their evolutions.    During thc day
"Tho  gold   dollar  can   purchase    "hoard it SL h ?*♦?! !W 0ft ,ind
hole countries: lt can finance ,-e-  11 "SC it."a,d "?y l[m™±^ they  .slrm,tu(,
'-are tho hopo of Russia.   The Com
"   mun ists consider the present gen
eratlon practically ruined as a re
and peace or war are to it m3g$ ZT,S    £ '"»»'" %?- the eat
events by tlie way." ™ * °,, ' s »™H»Uo training. They attaokfl
say, "Give us the children for ,
few yenrs longer nnd then capitalism will forever bo Impossible in
Lonin has no Intention iHuasIa, no matter what may be
1 come of the Communist govern
ment." *
Tho festival finished by all hand
singing "Tlio Marseillaise' an.
'Tho International," Then v
wont to tho river bank, whero w
clubhouse, whose artstooraUo tor*
flag-decked boat   known   tho   urn
Lltovsk treaty,  Russia was almost
entirely stripped of nil necessities
army and the population of her
cities... The economic break-down
was caused mainly through the
lack of of agricultural Implements
for the supply of which Russia depended almost entirely on foreign
countries, nnd from which countries she was for the three years of
wur entirely disconnected. Another important factor which caused this economic fall was the break
down of her transportation system.
In November, 1917, the Russian
workers nnd peasants, realizing
that Russia, under the Incupel "e
Kerensky governmont, wns faced
with complete oblivion, overthrew
this regime, ahd set up a workers'
and peasants' governmont, bent
Upon to use all possiblo human efforts to build up a new Russia
upon tho ruins of tho country. The
capitalist world, however, viewed
this unique situation with great
alarm, and decided that this reconstruction of Russia on a system
whicli was oppoHcd to tho Interests
of the ruling classes, must be prevented at all costs, Their flrst
measure was a complete blockade
of this unhappy country. The
well calculated Intent of this measure was to bring Russia which,
to a larger extent than any other
European country, depends on importations, to the brink of ruination. Upon all this came thc disaster of civil war and foreign Intervention, one counter-revolutionary nrmy after the other*, was organized and equipped by tho capitalist powers and thrown against
Soviet Russia. '
These hordes put the finishing
touch on the Russinn economic life.
Bridges wero blown in the air, railroad stations sacked, rails turned
off and twisted with specially-con-
"""■"'*        ' ' ty
l machinery in' such a
'-|as to mako  thom  completely useless, fields wei'o trodden down and
the cattlu driven off.    But all these
were   shattered    by    the
united will and heroic sacrifices ui
1-1 the Russian workers and peasants
mor owners have ' departed foi
parts unknown.    As we drank ou
and ato our   black   bread   ...
sulated as to where these parasites were und what they would
havo    thought   could    they    have
GENERAL WORKERB1   UNIT  OP THE
O. B. U.—President, E. Andre; eecretary.   W.   Serrloe.    Meets. 2nd   *nd_4t>
HOISTING AND PORTABLE KMOf
neera, Local 840—-International Union
of Steam and Qitt-ratlnic Englneera meets
every 2nd and Tth Friday at 8 p.m., 319
Pender Street West. G. Kiiey, 2634
Mahon Avenue, North Vancouver; secretary, P. Bradley, 1762 McSpatlden Straet,
Vancouver, B. "
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN' B
Association, Loesl 88-62—Offlea and
hall, 152 Cordova Bt. VV. Meeta Irat
and third Fridays, I p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, T. Nixon; bnsiness ageut, P.
Sinclair.
INTERNATIONAL JEWELRY WORK-
era' Union—Meeta 2nd and 4th Mondays. President, J. E. Dawson, 1645 Tew
.St., Kitsllano; secretary, E. T. Kelly.
1850 Haatings St. E.; recording seeretary,
L. Holdsworth, 589—14th St. W., North
Vanconver.
We make Ladies' Garment!
Right Here in Vancouver
—tho equal In style ud •mart-
nous of any offered In Canada.
Salts, Dreusi, Coats, ate—tht
latest atylaa—the smartest mortals—U
all tha new ahadas—cenplate lints
for yoar choosing.
Wa offsr these garments lower thaa
•lsowban htcauw wt dtal itttcft—
aUmlnatt all tht middlaasan's profits.
Famous
Cloak & Suit Oo.
eaa matnag st.. ____. Qtwuii
FURNITURE
WANTED
3.13 MAIN ST.—PHONE SEY. S 703
Pacific Furniture Co.
WHEN Of TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
49% CORDOVA BAST
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
COAL
YALE BOOTLESS
AND
NANAIMO
Kindling free
CANADIAN WOOD AND
OOAI OOMPANY
U4Q GRANVILLE  Sey. S2SS
LUMBER WORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
UNION Oi1 CANADA—An Industrial union of all workers in logging and construction camps. Coast District and General Huadnuartera, 81 Cor
dova St. W., Vancouver, H. C. Phono Bey.
7856. J, M. Clnrke, j-i'iicral n-crotarj-
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Biro,
Maedonald A Co., Vanconver, B. C; auditors.   Messrs,   Buttar  A  Chiene,   Vancou-
vor, B. 0.	
MARINE FIREMEN AND OILERS'
Union of Hritish Columbia— Meeting
nielli, first and third Wi -In.-, .lay of each
month at 108 Main Street, I'residmit,
Dan Cnrlin. vice-president, J. Whiting;
socreary-treasurer, W. Donaldson. Address, 108 Main Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Victoria Uranch Agent's aililri'ss, W.
167 Johnson St.. Victoria, B.C.
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERA-
TORS UNION, LOCAL 848, I.A.T.8.E
—Affiliated with Tradea and Labor Council and Theatrical Federation, Vancouver.
President, J. R. Foster; secn-tary and
treasurer, Locksley Clark, P. O. Bos 345.
Office and meeting mom, 310 London
Building, l'endur Ht. W. ReguUr meet-
ln» night, first Sunday In each month at
7::iU p.m. Businoss Agent, W. Woul-
ridge.    Phone Fraser 2371.
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECO-
rators and I'aiicrhangers ot America,
Local 13&, Vonmuvrr—Meets 2nd and
4th Thursdays at 148 Cordova St. W.
Phono Sey. 3491. Business agent, R. A.
Barker.
O. B. U. UNIT PILE DRIVERS. WOOD-
en Bridgemen, Perrickmon and Rlggera
of Vancouver and vicinity. Meets every
Monday, 8 p.m., in O. B. V. Hall. 804
Pender 8t. W. President, W. Tucker;
financial secretary and business agent, ('.
Anderson.     PJione   Seymour   291.
HTKBKT AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division, No- 101
—MeeU A. O. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant
1st and Srd Mondays at 10. IA a.m. and •
p.m. President, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke
Drive; recording-secretary, F. E. Griffin,
447—Oth Avenuo East; treasurer, E. 8.
Cleveland; llnancial-sccre-ary and bnsiness agont, W. H. Cottrell, 4308 Dumfries Street; office corner Prior and Main
Sis.   i'l'one  Fair 3004R. ■
TYPOORAPIIIOAI- UNION No. 226—
"h'H. last Sunday ol each month at
2 p.m. President. C. H. Collier; vice-
president, E. H. Gough; secretary
treasurer, K. H. Neelands, llox 00.
THE""' NEW' "WESTMINSTER" "HRANCil
of the O.. B. U. meets un ttie third
Wednesday of every month. Everybody
Welcome.
II-' WORKERS
"   C.
'thoir
proporti
wero pytting
COUNCIL. VANCOUVER.
... «.. in. i ts every Tuesday evening
nt S p.m. in th" 0, It. U. Hill. *>H Pender St. W.   Socrotary, B, Hun burgh, Pen-
■•" Hnll.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS'    UMON    OF I Rupert" Vis trio
America. Locat No. 178—Mee i?igs hold1-"     "'"
first Mondny in each n. -nlli, H p.m.   President. A.   K.   Gatenby;   VK'i"pri'_iU'.nl,   D.
Mainland
Cigar Store
310 CAUU AM, STHKKT
THE PLACE FOR PIPES
KIRK'S
Guaranteed Coal
Means—
If our coal is not satisfactory to yon, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
coal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
used.
You to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phonti Seymour 1441 and 461
Lawson; recording secretary, O. Me-
Donald, P. O. Box 503; financial secretary, T. Temple ton, P. O. Box f>03.
Provincial Unions
VtOTORIA. B. 0.	
VICTORIA   AND   DISTRICT   TRADRB
and   Labor   Council—Moota   flrat   nnd
third Wednesdays, KnlgHa ot Pythias
(IhI! North Park Street, al 8 p.m. Preaident. C. Statist vice-president, R. El
iiutt; seeretary-trensurer, E. S. Wood'
ward, P, O. Hm 302, Victorin, ft. C.
PRINOE RUPERT. B.JJ._J
PI-INCiT "itl! pert" central   labor
ineil.   O.   II.   U.     Branches:     Prlncr
.,rt   District   t'isberies  Board.  O.B.I.;
Meinlliferous    Miners'    District    Board
O.ll.U.      8eerei.ry-tren-.uror,    _*,   O;   Bo*
217, Princo Rupert
. taue FOUR
THmf eenth year, no. .6   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancopvbb, b. e
f-RIPAY !Wp..ml..r 9, l__t
= 1
Public Meeting
Undo* Auspices of Uie Junior Labor League
Speaker: WM. IVENS
OP WINNIPEG, MAN.
Pender Hall, Friday, Sept. 16th
Meeting Oomnieaora 8 p.m.   Refrtwhnients.   Dancing 10 to 12,
A oollectlon will be taken.
A MASS \
MEETING
for the purpose of discussing
The Asiatic Question
W«l Be Held irfthe PENDER HALL on
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 9,1921
at 8 p.m.
Speakers: W. A. PRITCHARD and
representatives from different organizations.
Representatives of the Chinese and Japanese workers
will also speak.
Ifl
Campaign of lies Started
■ to Prevent Aid Reach-
!j ing Russia
Moscow—The enemies of the
Soviet ' Republic .. are -_■ circulating
more stubbornly than ever the reports that the harbor ot Petrograd
must be' avoided onraccount of cholera. ."]By' a negnlcir. campaign of
lies they hope to keep the foreign
ships away from Petrograd. The
truth ls that according to the
strictest investigations of the com-;
tnissariat of health, and In the
■ame way according to the statements of Krassln in Izwestija and
Pravdn, only six cases of cholera
took place In Petrograd during the
whole summer. An epidemic has
not yet been observed. The correctness of these statements is further backed by the option commission of the Esthonlan Republic,
who endorses the official certificate
ef thc chief physician of the Rus-
lian marine sanitary station of the
Absence of cholera in Petrograd.
The people of foreign lands see
themselves once more placed before a despicable, lying manoeuvre
•gainst the Soviet. Republic. ThlB
tying manoeuvre merely certifies
the S-leoess of our work In Petro-1
frad harbor and according to our
expectations  It  will  soon   lose  its'
power. Cholera threatens neither
Petrograd nor the foreign ships
which come to the harbor.
Theosophy
Public Lecture, Boon 224 Duncan Bldg.
Sundsy Evening, llth StpUmber,
st 8  o'Olock.
Subject:    "Tho Attitudo of tbo T_.ao.ro-
pbist Towards Bellfiott. Socioty, otc."
Speaker:    MBS. H. BUCHAKAM
NEW POLICY IS AIIVENS
STRAGETIC
E
Russia Is Not Deserting
the Communist
Principles
Zinoviev Declares Newspaper Stories are -
False
:■      (By the Federated Press)
Moscow—Reports in' the capital'
1st newspapers of America and
Europo to the effect that the Soviet
leaders have abandoned the principles of Communism and are returning to capitalism, are denounced here as malicious falsehoods.
The new economic policy of con-
cessions to capitalists of other
countries Is a strategic move to en
list all bourgeois elements ln the
service of the workers.
Chairman Zinoviev, at a meeting
of the Communist Party in Petro
grad, declared that the party re
organization, which is now under
way, is connected with the neW
economic policy, and fs not the result of dissension within the party
as repeatedly alleged ln the capitalist press of America and other
countries.
"The new policy," said Zlnoviev,
"is not a deviation from the Communist program, but a strategic
move. The policy of concessions for
foreign capitalists who desire to
help develop the. industries of
Russia, will enlist al capitalistic elements in the service of the Proletarian state of Russia. Elemental
forces must be met by elemental
forces. To save the masses of
Russia and the world It is impera
tive to mobilize the masses and to
attract, not only Communists and
Socialists, but all trade union and
non-union workers, including even
peasant proprietors, merchants and
professionals.
"Moreover, relief is needed for
the peasants and for thc small proprietors. It is iffeeded, not in isolated voluntary contributions, but
in uniform levies from wages. There
is no other means of assisting the
Russian people."
Steklov, thc editor of "Issvestia,
comments that material aid is imperative, since there Is little other
aid from the foreign capitalists, except In the form of conversation
and Intrigue.
CHIROPRACTIC
SPINAL TREATMENTS
HYDROTHERAPY
WATER TREATMENTS
DIET
POOD TREATMENTS
Dr. W.Lee Holder
Sanipractic Physician
Twelve years' experience.
Thousands   of   satisfied
patients.
Specialist ln all forms of
acute .chronic diseases, deformities.
Hours:    Dally, 1-5
Mon., Wed., Frl., 1-8
Seymour 8533
VI FAIUMEI-D BTjIMI.
TO
LOGGER BOOTS at $15.00 a Pair
This Is the best boot on the market todny.   Something different
from other makes, and it Is that "something" that counts.
You may pay more, but you can't buy better.    Order your
pair .today,
'  10-lNOil TOr, MADE TO MEASURE, $15.00 A PAIR
SEND YOUR REPAIRS ami get Heal Satisfaction.
The "New Method" Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
SM .OARRALL OTI-EET—Just m Step from Hastings
All O. I). U. Help Phone Sey. 8217
Help Famine Stricken Workers and Peasants
IN SOVIET RUSSIA
TWENTY lULUON OF OUE DROUGHT-STRICKEN
COMRADES,   WORKERS   AND   PEASANTS  IN
SOVIET RUSSIA CALL FOR OUR ASSISTANCE
How Much Will You Give to Help Them?
.Will you feed 100 children today at a eost of only 5 per
cent, per child 1
A Total Contribution of $5.00
[Will you feed 20 families today at a cost of only 25 per
cent, per family?
A Total Contribution of $6.00
SlfiU you feed 10 families today at a cost of only 25 per
cent, per family!
A Total Contribution of $2.60
Will you feed 20 children today at a cost of only 5 per
eent. per childt
A Total Contribution of $1.00
TOU MUST GIVE ALL TOU OAN AND GIVE AND
GIVE AGAIN!
Send All Remittances to
THE "FAMINE   REUEF   COMMITTEE   FOR   THE
DROUGHT-STRICKEN IN SOVIET RUSSIA,
F, 0. Box 3601, Station B, Winnipeg, Man.
Secretary, Miss A, Schultz
Form branches  everywhere,   and  affiliate  with  the
Central Office at the above address.  Collect funds, grain,
etc., and ship to the Central Committee, advising when
hiving done so.
Will Continue the Fight
Against Fascisti
Forces
(By The Labor PreBs Syndicate)
Turin, Italy. —The fights that
have been going on in Italy between the Fascist!, the Ku Klux
of Italy, and the Communists, Socialists, and Trade Unions, has
reached Its height. The workers
have organized the "Arditi of the
People," which will now tnke up
the armed struggle against the
Fascisti. This Is the only way to
teach these "pntrlots" their place.
The Fascisti decided several
mouths ago thnt they were ordained by fate to dispense law and
order in Italy. Despising the government, they formed armed battalions that marched from town to
town, tearing down red flags,
smashing up labor and union
headquarters and engaging in
pitched battle, workers and peasants who defended their rights
and property against these brigands. Despite their terrorism
and transgression of the law, the
government .did not Interfere; ln
fact, at times it tacitly, and at
other tlnies openlj assisted the
Fnscisti. These battles reached
their height just before the elections, which took place on May 15.
During this period, the Fascist!
controlled wholo provinces, not
owing to superior numbers or organisations, but because of the
lack of organization or resistance
on the part of the peasants or
workers,
Soon after the elections, turbulent scenes occurred ln the Chamber of Deputies. Fist fights took
place between the extremists of
both shades. On July 21, there
was a battle between Fascist! aided by carabineers and Communists
at 8ar2a1.ii, Province of Genoa, in
which twenty persons were killed.
Not only ls the cabl-et endangered,
but civil wnr is threatened. In
fact a nation wide general strike
is threatened in answer to these
terroristic practice of the Fascisti.
Bombasci, the Communist leader,
said in the Chamber of Deputies
that the Communists would not
rest till the red flag flew from the
top of the capltol.
One of the Communist papers
wrote as follows: "The proletariat
of Lfgurien stands ready for battle.
We will tolerate no more murders
or humiliations. The first attempt
on the life of a worker or on any
labor organization will be the signal for the workers to take up a
defensive fight. Arditi of the People, form your battalions In Llgu-
rien!" All labor groups are united
In thia move for self-preservation.
(By The Federated Press)
Moscow.—The Council of People's
Commissars has accepted the pro
posal of the Northern Telegraph
Company for the development of
Russian telegraph and cable com
munlcatlon with Europe and the
Fnr East. Tho .Soviet government
has signed a 25-ycar concession
agreement with this Scandinavian
company by which direct telegha-
phlc connection wilt be extended
between Russia, Western Europe
and the Orient,
The Council of Labor and De
fense has approved the formation
of companies for the development
of Irrigation, drainage, water supply and forestry developments.
TOM
NEXT FRIDAY
Meeting Under Auspices
of J. L. L. to Be At
dressed by M. L. A.
Wm. Ivens. M. L. A„ of Wlnnii
peg, who was among the "seditious
conspirators" incarcerated for< aer
tivities during the general strike of
1919, has been addressing a series
of meetings throughout the West,
will arrive in Vancouver this weekend. On Friday next, Sept., 16, he
will speak in the O. B. U. haU, corner Pender and Howe streets, on
"Labor in the New Era." The chair
will be taken at 8 p.m.   '
This will be a public meeting,
and is the lnauguurnl meeting and
social of the Junior Labor League's
thidr winter season. A short programme will follow thb address,
and period allowed for questions.
This tn turn will be followed by
refreshments and a dance, commencing at 10 p.m;, for which the
hall will beS cleared and the audience Invited to remain antf "hop"
till 12,   A collection will be taken,
The J. L. L., which Is the only
organization of the kind west of
Brandon, Man., is counting on
doubling the membership this winter, and expects to get away to a
good start on the winter programme with the meeting of next Friday.
The league will meet tonight,
Sept. 9, for a business meeting, at
929 Eleventh avenue east, at 8
o'clock sharp. For information regarding lengue matters, ; phone
Fair.  1610. or 3023L.
Interesting Subjects Discussed at Sunday's
Meeting
The relation of the city lirqleta
riat to the farmer, the alliance between so-called Labor men and the
Farmers' parties In the groyp government scheme, and the - limitations of parliamentarism in the
etruggle of the workers for emaiu-
cipaMun, were the subjects.under.
discussion at' the workers^, meet-;
ing held on Sept. 4.
Fellow Worker Blssett ppened
the discussion by putting up tbe
question as to whether or not it
was advisable to advise clt*t workers not to go out on- to farms.
While it was probably advisable to
try to keep the workers-in' the
cities, owing to the greater' facilities for organization, at the same
time it was vitally necessary that
the farmer should be made aware
of tho social nature of the occupation in which he wus engaged. This
wos only done by him coming in
contact with the Industrial workera
from the cities, and thus meeting
with new ideas nnd concepts born
of the complexities of modern in-,
dustrialism.
Fellow Worker Kavanagh fol
lowed In a similar strain; Dealing
with the report of the B. C. Farm
ers convention, he drew lllustra
tions from the Russian, Hungarian
and German revolutionary movements, showing how the farmers,
lacking an understanding of the
social character of production, had
bc.n a stumbling block in the path
of those movements, and a hindrance to their own advancement.
He also dealt, with the land-hunger of peasants nnd farmers, Irres-
pective of the prairies of the North
American continent, a -hunger
which rendered them blind to the
real causes of their permanent
poverty.
Fellow Worker Smith referred
to the souvenir booklet gotten cut
by.the Trades and Labor Congress,
of Canada for the convention at
Winnipeg, and went on to show
how the people who were the open
enemies of the workers of Winnipeg in 1919, the people who had
sent seven members of orgnnized
labor to gaol, the members of the
Citizens' Committee., were prominent subscribers to that - convention and Its expenses.
These exalted Labor men, who
were hobnobbing with the enemies
of the workers, had also formed a
Labor Party to misrepresent thc
workers in the legislative assem
biles, that is If thc workers were
foolish enough to send them there.
Characterizing himself as the capitalist class, and the parliament as
the executive chamber, through
which his business was carried on,
he said: "Do you think that If It
was possible for thc workers lo
get rid of me by filling that chamber with their representatives that
I would ever permit them to get
there? True, there can be tyo
great objection to the Labor Meata
getting Inside, because he Will do
as he Is told, but the Individual
who understands and is electee
thereto, who goes mound the caua-
try exposing the ■character of these
Institutions, every effort miutt b»
made to prevent him from getting
inside. Not that he could ett rid
of capitalism if he did, but because
he would be preparing the vmy tor
iii overthrow at the expense pt the'
capitalist class. Parliament jJa an
Institution adapted to the needs ofthe present ruling class, and is not
intended for use as a weapon in
the hands of a revolutionary Working class.
The question of wages on such
work as may be provided during:
the coming winter, wns brought up
and the Council of Workers were
requested to look after this matter. It was also announced that
the collections to be taken at the
meeting on the "Asiatic Question,"
to be held ln the Pender Hall on
Friday, Sept. 9, will go to the "Soviet Russia Famine Relief Fund,"
SEND IK YOUR OR?>FR
The Federatlonist haa published
"Left Wing" Communism, an Infantile disorder, by Nikolai Lentn.
This work should be read by every
worker, as It deals extensively with
working class taction. Price: Single
copies, 25c; orders of tea or more
copies. 20o ench, doaucc mud.
Russia Prepared
?;' (By The Federated Press) ■
MOSCOW. — Pr crautlong
against counter-revolutionary propaganda
on the pan of agents of Herbert Hoover and tlie American relief-administration have
been taken by tlie Soviet authorities.     It   Is   announced
( that all relief trains operating
for tlie benefit of the famine
Y sufferers will be accompanied
by   representatives   of    tbe
workers and peasants.
Soviet leaders  have been
_■ fully advised of tlie part
taken by Capt. T. T. C. Gregory in the overthrow of Bela
Kun and Soviet Hungary, anil
know that he was the personal representative of Mr.
Hoover.
1 HOUR DAY
THE OBJECTIVE
Ocean Fall Strike Result
of Attempt to Increase Hours
r-At the inception of the Ocean
Falls strike, it was remarked that
the company, in attempting to inaugurate the ten-hour day, were
not actuated by a desire to increase production, the only desire
being to establish the principle of
"Jthe ten-hour day. ' Subsequent
Events -have proved the truth of
that contention; a story was received from a reliable source that
this company had notified the Government Employment Service that
they would have to close down
their camps In September, but
would put the men on cutting cord
wood rather than lay them off. The
current issue of the Pacific Coast
Lumberman carries the following
article:
"Mr. L. S. Burden, manager of
the Ocean Falls paper mill, stated
recently that the company had on
hand a large stock, and that the
wrapping mill would remain closed
for the present. The general depression of all lines of trade had
affected the paper business, he stated, and there was a likelihood that
there were quiet times ahead."
And yet they attempt to lengthen
the hours of lahor, stopping at nothing to accomplish their endB.
They have advertised for scabs
in the Government Employment
Bureau, and In one of the camps
they- put the cookhouse staff on,
promising to keep them on if lt
took two months to fill the camp,
This camp had 81 men at the time
of the lockout, and according to
latest reports, there are four men,
Including the bull coolc in cnmp,
and the foreman has orders to
-.close down. Compare the actions
of this outfit and the notions of the
boss loggers in maintaining a
blacklisting agency, with thc statement appearing on page 22 of the
above-named paper, and it can be
rendily seen that actions belie fair
words. This article, appearing under the heading: "One Conception
of Fairness," deals with the action
of the British woodworkers In refusing to handle unfair B. C. timber products, nnd states In part
- "A local unton official gets the
opportunity of declaring that not
onc mill In his district could be
considered fair to labor. That, we
imagine, is not the personal opinion of the wnrkers In a groat many
of our mills who know that In
many cases, the plants arc being
kept running for the solo purpose
of keeping thc gangs in employ
ment. It is suggested that real
fairness to labor has been universally shown by the employer in the
British Columbia lumbering Industry ln recent years, good and bad,
and that the question of profit has
been subordinated to the payment
of as high a wnge as the industry
could stand."
From the foregoing, It can be
readily seen that the Lumber Workers Union cannot justify Its existence, that Hicks and his blacklist Is only a creature existing In
the disordered Imagination of the
men who are striving to build up
an organization through which they
can get a better deal, and that
$2.80 a day for a man who has to
pay a return fare of $30, and $1.50
a day' board, Is a princely wage,
for which he Bhould be duly thankful to those good Christian men
who nre running the lumber Industry for his beneflt. If the lumber
barons are tbe Belf•sacrificing individuals as portrayed, lt Is hoped
that the slaves of the mills and
camps will wake up before the
lumber barons start exploiting
them In reality.
Sydnoy, N. S. W.—The following
publications have been prohibited
by the Australian Commonwealth
government from circulation In this
country:
"Lenin," by Zlnoviev.
"As to Politics," by Daniel De
Leon and others.
'Militarism and Anti-Militarism," by Karl Liebknecht,
"The Socialism of Karl Marx/'
by Dr. Cook.
"Karl Liebknecht," by William
Paul.
"A Paradise In This World," by
Leon Trotsky.
"The Soviet System at Work."
"England and the East."
"Statutes and'Conditions of Affiliation of the Communist International."
"Two Pages from Roman History," by Daniel De Leon.
"The Collapse of the Seoond Internationally" by Lenln.
(By The Federated Press)
Auckland, N. _..—The proprietors
of the "Maoriland Worker," who
were acquitted on a charge of publishing a seditious pamphlet, "The
Irish Tragedy," by John MacLean,
have been fined five pounds and
two pounds respectively ln a reversal of judgment secured by the
orown prosecutor who successfully
appealed the cast,
LOW PAY AND
S
Lumber Workers in States
Are Now Back to
"Normalcy"
Seattle.—A reversion to the old
system of long hours and low pay,
wtth the public and mill owners at
the mercy of large tlmberholders,
is threatened by the lumber barons
of the Pacific Northwest who control practically all available'timber, according to Ray R. Canterbury, president of the, International
Union of Timberworkers,
On the plea of high prices, high
freight rates and the refusal of the:
public to buy lumber, members of
the timber monopoly.have reduced
the wages of timberworkers and at
the same time are charging such
high prices for their logs that private mill owners are unable to buy
and have been forced to close their
mills.
"Under normal conditions," declares Canterbury, "it is estimated
that 60,000 workers are employed
In the timber Industry tn this section. Wages have been reduced
from $5.30 a day to $2.60 for common labor aud In some Instances
more. This means that an average of $162,000 a day or more than
$48,000,000 a year has been taken
from these workers by the wage reduction route.
You ni»y wish to help The Fed
cratlonit-1. You can do so by renew
inn; your subscription promptly and
sending in tho subscription of yonr
friend or neighbor. BBSs
I PUZZLE Of
U.  S.  Newspaper  Asks
Some  Interesting
In a recent Issue, The Western
Clarion, published the following
Illuminating extract from the
Rochester, N. Y., Herald. Possibly
the members of the working class
will be able to supply the answer
to the questions asked therein:
"It Is frequently stated now that
the rehabilitation of purchasing
power is the thing most essential
for the full recovery of business,
and that this can be brought about
only by the speeding up of production the world over. This seems to
be almost axiomatic. Yet the solution ls not so simple as it may at
flrst appear. A question'has been
raised, for example, as to the feasibility of more Intensive production
when there are already great
stocks of goods that can flnd no
market for the simple .reason that
people are not able to buy them.
With a crop of more than 8,000,-
000,444 bushels of corn last year,
and another crop nearly as large
now maturing, with enough wool
stored in' warehouses throughout
the world to clothe the population
for the next two years without
shearing another sheep, with a carry-over of cotton amounting to
more thnn 0,000,000 bates, with
hides almost a drug on the market, a large portion of the population of Europe is going hungry,
poorly clad and unshod. It seems
that more Is needed than a mere
speeding up of thc process of production. Something that looks suspiciously like another of those
"vicious circles" that have plagued
the world so sorely in recent times,
appears to have developed. There
is overproduction In some lines because there ls underconsumption;
li.'.'ie is underconsumption because
of lack of purchasing power; there
Is lack of purchasing power because of. unemployment, and there
Is unemployment because there Is
overproduction. In the language
of the man of the street, what's
the answer?"
10 RUMANIA
States Secret Aid Being1
Given to Counter
Revolutionists
(By The Federated Preaa)
Moscow.—The Russian-Ukrainian
note to the Rumanian government of August 13 com. lain.* of
secret Rumanlnn support to the
Ukrainian counter-revolutionists in
Rumania, Bukovina and Bessarabia. A captured Petiura agent
confessed official dealing! with
Rumanian military authorities directly supporting counter-revolu-
Jlonary military organisations for
proposed attacks on Soviet Ukraine,
notably in the Odessa district,
where-they expect support from
bandits and German colonist*. The
note Ib signed by Chicherin and
Rakovsky, commissars of foreign
affairs of Soviet Russia and Soviet
Ukraine respectively, who express
their hope that the Rumanian government will promptly put down
those activities, for otherwise the
Russian-Ukrainian Soviet authorities would be forced ln self defense
to pursue the counter-revolutionary bands across the Dniester.
Assuring the Rumanian government of the peaceful desires and
Intentions of Russia and Ukraine,
the note says that orders were
givon to the Red troops near the
Dniester river to avoid any action
likely to appear aggressive and the
Rumanian government Ib asked to
Instruct Its military authorities to
disband all White Ouard units
formed on Rumanian soil for debouching across the frontier.
Foreign Ministers of Soviet
Russia and the Ukraine Chicherin
and Radovsjty have Jointly Informed the Polish foreign minister, Sklr-
munt, of the arbitrary actions by
the Polish military authorities
along the Volhynlan border, violating the provisions of the treaty
of Riga and attempting to dislodge
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IN TIIE WEST
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oe
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33 HASTINGS STREET EAST
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DV   DAAIf 1 TH    137 HASTIHaS ST.
• Ik. DUUIV LIU.      Vancouver, B. 0.
IS
Preparations for Eastern
Conference Do Not Yet
Include Soviet Govt.
(By the Federated Press)
Washington—Russia's part in
the disarmament and far eastern
conference remains obscure, as the
preparations for that discussion go
forward.
Whether Boris Bakhmeteft "ambassador" and sole surviving relic
of the Kerensky und Kolchak regimes, is to be heard, the State department declines to say. In the
reception rooms and ball-rooms of
the capital he la the Russian ambassador. At the treasury, where
he draws upon the millions loaned
by the United States government
to the Russian government of
Kerensky, he is ambassador. In
the Russian embassy building, on
Sixteenth street he Is a glorified
janitor. But at the State department, under Mr. Hughes, he seems
to be a joke.
One point in Mr. Hughes programme Is clear: Hu proposes to
take a personal Interest in protecting the territorial Integrity of Rusaia In the Orient as welt us In Europe. He feels confident that noth.
Ing done In the coming conference
will Injure "Russia" in any way.
A sort of moral protectorate over
the Soviet Republic, insofar as its
far eastern interests ure concerned.
Is to be tacitly conferred upon the
United States.
What Mr. Hughes will consider
to be the interests of Russia is another matter. If Mr. Bark h met en*
be consulted, Japan becomes master of the trans-Baikal region, master of Vladvostok, owner of the island of Saghallen. If Charles R.
Crane, recent minister to China, or
Prof. John Dewey, or any of a score
of eminent Americana returned
from the Par East get the ear of
the State department, none of the
transparent subterfuges thus produced will be able to divert attention from the fact that the Issue is
between Russia on the one hand,
and Imperialist Japan and her ex-
Kolchak allies on the other.
The concensus In Washington is
that Mr. Hughes will pay little heed
to Bakhemeteff and will honestly
try to safeguard the ultimate rights
of the Russian nation, despite the
present opposition within the cabinet to the establishing of friendly
relations with Moscow.
But to every reasonable suggestion from Hughes the Tories in to*
cabinet and In the senate, will offer '
a determined opposition.
H. Walton
PROFESSIONAL KA8SB0R
Specialist   In   Electrical   Treatment!,
Violet  Ray aad High  Frequency bit
K-iramatiHia,  Beietiea.  Lumbago, Par*
alynin.  Hair   aad   Scalp   Treatments,
Chronic Ailments.
310-311 CARTEE-OOTTOH ELSO.
Phoat Stymour 2041
IS! Hastings Street Wait
Dental Plates!
a Specialty
Orowni, Brltgfi and rillingi made I
tha mhm shade u ytar natural
Ukrainian border troops from positions that are unquestionably
Ukrainian. The Polish government
was called upon to take Immediate
steps to stop and prevent such Incidents.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dental Art Establishment j
805
GRANVILI-E
Comer Robstw
Orer Owl Drag Ston.   aet.
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SEE DICK'S LINES BEFORE Y0.U BUY THAT NEW
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Wm. DICK Ltd.
45-47-49 Hastings Street East

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