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The British Columbia Federationist Aug 12, 1921

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$2.60 PER YEAR
Charge   Young:   Italian
With Theft of
Honey for Machines and
Films Has Gone
(By Tht Federated Press)
(Ntw York Bureau)
New Tork,—"Jack," otherwise
"Count Jacques Roberto" Clbrario,
wee |46 a week salesman In Mos-
low for the Universal Film Manufacturing Company, ls under arrest
hore, charged by Charles Recht
Wd Miss Rose WeiBS, attorneys-in
Eaet for the Russian Soviet republic, with having stolen nearly
11,000,000 from the Soviet government by withdrawing and* convert
Ing to his own use funds deposited
to his credit in the National City
bank, which he was to have used
lo purchase motion* picturo
machines and Alms to \m sent to
Russia for educational uses. He
was released on $10,000 ball.
Clbrario, the attorneys alleged
Instead of purchasing for the
Russian government the machines
and Alms for which It furnished
the money for which he was to
have • received a commission of
$50,000, organized a number of
dummy companies and served
false bills of lading on the bank
tn the name of these alleged bogus
eoncerns, tht bank permitting him
to withdraw In this manner large
sums. It ls alleged that the
Russian government received, aB a
result of his activities, only one
shipment of worthless projectors.
When ttae young Italian was
oommissioned by the Moscow education committee, In 1918, to buy
notion picture supplies for the
Russian government, ht was no
"count," but some time between
then and the present the prefix
was attached to his name and the
ex-salesman has been "living
high" here since.
He Is said to have withdrawn
fcbout $900,000 from the National
City bank and placed lt tn other
banks; to have played the stock
market, purchased a Riverside
drive residence, and to have deposited about $250,000 ln foreign
Norway and Denmark to
Trade With Russia
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Stockholm, Sweden. — Norway
and Denmark will Boon sign trade
treaties with Soviet Russia, lt is
confidently expected here. By
skillful application of the famous
Chicherin tactics Russia now has
the three countries eating out of
her hand.
The big business press Is at this
moment demanding recognition of
the Russian government along the
lines of the Russo-German treaty
of two months ago. If recognition
Is not accorded •contracts now
placed here for 250,000,000 kronen
(about $58,000,000) worth of
goods wilt be diverted to German
ind British manufacturers, aays
Russia, Just to dramatize this
threat Rusaia haB in fact for two
months been diverting contracts.
P. M. Kergontzeff, president of
the Russian trnde delegation in
Btockholm, looks as If he were
here to stay. The mission has the
Impressive stability of tho Stan-
lard Oil Compnny, but Swedish
manufacturers with contracts to
negotiate must «lt under the
learchlng gaze of Lenin, Marx,
trotzky and even Zlnoviev. They
Bnd Kergentzeff not dlBConcerting
gt all, but a keen, Jolly man with
the intellectual breadth of the cultured Russian.
The trade envoy has a sense of
- humor in good working order and
he enjoys tht new diplomacy ln-
'.vented by Russia—Juggling with
the financial ambitions of capitalists Instead of with the lives of
bumble people.
He traced briefly tht year's
levelopmonts In Sweden.
"In May, 1920, a working agreement was concluded between the
two countries which enabled ub to
0o business to the amount of about
10,000,000 kronen," he said. "We
(Continued on page S)
Will Gain First Hand In
formation on Unemployed Situation
In order that the working class
representatives ln the Provincial
legislature at Victoria may securt
first-hand Information, prior to tho
meeting of the House In December,
the provlnolal Executive of the
Federated Labor Party Is arranging a tour of tht entire Province
for Messrs. Neelands, Guthrie, and
possible Uphill. They will be
accompanied by at least one other
speaker of the party. The aoute
problem of unemployment will of
course receive flrst consideration,
so that the members will be
tqulpped with an Intimate knowledge of the situation in thla Province, and prepared to present the
workers viewpoint when the House
assembles. The opportunity will
also be utilized by the Federated
Labor Party to visit existing locals
in view of both Federal and Provincial elections at no distant dates,
Secretaries of F. L. P. locals or
others are requested to communicate wtth W. Bennett, Secretary,
148 Cordova Street West, regarding the above proposal, so that an
Itinerary can be arranged for
some time around October the
Buy at a union storo.
Sid Hatfield and Friend
Are Killed by
(By The Federated Press)
Charleston, W. Va.—Inveigled
Into McDowell County on an indictment charging un offense I
year old, and deliberately murdered In tlie presence of their
wives just as they were ascending the steps of tlie courthouse tu
answer thc Indictment—that is tlte
story of the killing of Sid Hatfield,
former chief of police of Matewan,
and his friend Ed. Chambers,- Monday.
The man who procured the Indictment, C. E, Lively, was the
leader of the Baldwin-Felt!, thugi
who lay In wait for Hatfield aud
Chambers. He is nominally under
arrest. The Governor of the State
had promised the dead men protection, but failed to give lt.
Six Baldwin-Felts detectives
were on tho courthouse steps at
Welch when Hatfield and Chambers started up the courthouse
steps accompanied by thetr wlv
The detectives opened flre without
a moment's notice and both Hatfield and Chambers were instantly
killed without a chance whatever
to defend themselves. The detectives were lined up, three on a Bide
of tho steps, in watting. Six state
police were standing near, but
made no attempt to arrest the
murderers. Lively was the star
witness of the coal operators before the Federal Commission now
probing Industrial conditions In
Mingo County, and also a witness
against Hatfield, Chambers and
others in the Matewan battle case.
Hatfield and Chambers were on
their way to appear before the McDowell County Court to answer the
Indictment returned at tho Instance of the same Lively, alleging
that the murdored men had parti
clpated In a shooting at Mohawk,
McDowell County, about a year
ago. The Indictment ts regarded
as a frameup to get Hatfield and
Chambers into McDowell County
so that tho Baldwin-Felts crowd
could kill them.
Tardea   Council   Refers
Asiatic Affiliation to
South Vancouver Unemployed Won't Have
There was not a dull moment
at the meeting of the Council of
Workers'-held In the Pender Hall
on Tuesday night. Matters of
Interest to the working class were
under discussion almost all of the
time bringing out much valuable
Information on the position of the
working, class.
A motion that the Council support the candidature of Messrs.
Pettlplece and Mclnnes of. the F,
L. P, for the position of School
Trustees at the forthcoming by-
election, waa laid on the table
until after the candidates, who
have been Invited to attend have
explained, their position to the
President Welsh of the Int.
Trades Council cannot represent
the South Vancouver unemployed,
was the reply given to Commissioner Gillespie who enquired re
the same, according to the delegate reporting for that body. The
delegate from the Japanese Labor
Association reported that following the Interview between Welsh
of the Int. Trades Council, and a
member of the Japanese Employer's Association, a report of which
was published in the local Japanese paper with a view to maln-
(Contlnucrt on page 4)
Collects Clothes.
F. C. Parsons of 1843-40th Ave
EaBt, West Vancouver haa been
credentlnled by the unemployed
of that district to collect clothing, etc., for the distressed. Any
kind of wearing apparel will be
gladly received by him at the
above  address.
Indianapolis, Ind.—Officials of
the United Mine Workers report
that 160,000 miners are unemployed at present. Lack of orders
la given as the reason for the production of 10,000,000 tons of coal
in Indiana during the flrst six
months of 1921 as compared with
25,000,000 tons last year.
Ottawa, Can.—There are, according to government reports,
140,000 workers out of employment in Canada. The ratio of unemployed labor to the available
labor supply Is 16.74 per cent, as
against 2.75 per cent ln July, 1920,
The number of workless, it is predicted, will reach 300,000 by the
end of the year.
Workers of Greater Vancouver
Under the Auspices of die Comic. 1 of Workers
Oorner of Pender and Howe Streets
Sunday Afternoon, Aug. 14th
Commencing at 2:80
|ll.ll.ll.ll|ll|ll| !, I|   |   IH,   I   I   I   III   .11.   ...In. ..Il.ll.llll.il.   ■    I   .1.   ■
O. B. U. Takes Action in
Ocean Falls
The regular meeting of the General Workers Unit of the O. B. U.
was well attended on Wednesday
night. The action of the men working at Camp 17, Ocean Fulls, with
respect to the strike of Lumber
Workers in that district, was discussed. The secretary waB Instructed to write to the camp delegate
of Camp 17 and ask him lf the report that the men had decided to
accept the ten-hour day with the
Idea of only doing eight hours work
was correct, and lf lt was, that as
the men of that camp were affiliated with the General Workers Unit,
that they be ordered oft* the job.
The discussion on thiB question
was interesting, and it was pointed
out by more than one that no matter what the excuse of so-called
scientific reasons for such action
might be advanced, the fact remained that the men were not acting ln accord wtth working class
The question of sending a delegate to the O. B. U. convention, to
be held in Winnipeg ln September,
was discussed, und as the Trades
and Labor Council la the body
which will have to decide whether
delegates shall go- or not, It W
referred to that body.
(By Tlie Federated Press)
LONDON.—Hie plot of former adherent* of the Russian czar to produce another "White rising" in .Russia, wh'lch will give tlie allied
powers one moro excuse for "tutorventlon" against tlie Soviet*, his
beeu emphasized Ity the publication In "Obstehye Polo" at Paris of a
telegram from Savinkoff to KolosnilEoff, foreign minister of the "White
government at Vladivostok. Savinkoff Mill be remembered as tho czarist
who lias been so active from his refuse tn Paris hi other "White rising)*''
In Russia. ' I
"According to our definite information," he says In his telegram,
"serious events are most probable In -the near future ln Southern Russia,
In tlie Ukraine, In White Russia and In Petrograd, If the Vladivostok
government ts ln general agreement with our programme we are ready
to support It."
Savinkoff, In another.part of the telegram, protests that "I and my
friends are against any Intervention,", probably preferring that tlie revolution does lta "revolutlng" from tlinlnslde, and he liears a special dislike to Wrangel and SomonolT, who were ao badly whipped somo months
ago by tlie Red troops of the Soviets, ■ He says of tlieni: "Wo are against
any agreement with Wnuigel and Seinci.olT."
As indicating the sources from which aid may be counted on, Savinkoff
further says: "We stand for lHwsant proprietorship, for pleasant relations with France and Poland, for tlie Independence and eventual recognition of tlie Bonier states, amt for ,a constituent assembly."
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Socialist Speakers Not Deterred by Small
The usual propaganda meeting
of the Socialist Party of Canada
wus held last Sunduy night In the
Columbia   Theatre
The speakers of the evening, J.
Dennis and T. O'Connor contributed addresses of much value,
and a number of Interesting questions were dealt with at the close
of the meeting. Apparently tho
size of an audience has but little
effect on the S. P. speakers, for
In spite of the pitiful array of
empty seats tn the Columbia, tho
speakers went to their task with
an enthusiasm, which cun only
arise from a clear understanding
of the present social crisis, and
the urgent need which it engenders. And in truth, the future,
for the working class, looka black
as the mouth of hell. Politically
ignorant and with a perspective
confined to the question of work
and wages, harried and confused
by doubts and fears resulting from
a false unscientific education, the
useful, vital element within
Society, appear to be helpless and
hopeless. ,
It is the conscloutjgess of the
correctness of his position, and the
knowledge that the principles annunciated are tn line with humui
progress, that gives point and
vigor to the efforts of the Socialist.
And the Importance of these
efforts Is dally becoming greater,
commanding the support of those
who would be free from the curse
of Capitalism.
Next Sunday night W. A. Prltchard wilt be the speaker.
Patronise Fed Advertlier'a
Russian   Peasants   Welcome Agricultural Propaganda Train
<By The Federated Press)
Moscow.—The first agricultural
propaganda train, after a most
fruitful educational campaign of
lectures throughout the famine
provinces, visited the ■ collective
farms and reports the comparative
prosperity of collective scientific
farming even in the regtoriB where'
the individualistic farmers^ are
Buffering from famine. The famine
stricken peasants are eager to
adopt modern methods" and the
experts on the agricultural train
were overwhelmed with rcquesti
for return vtBlts with Instruction
in scientific cultivation and artificial irrigation.
The commissariat of agriculture is devoting particular attention to the winter sowing campaign in the Volga provinces. The
contemplated tillage approximates
three and a half million hectares/
Southern provinces have already
completed early sowing aggregating six million hectares, approaching the standards of 1916.
A decree of the Ail-Russian executive committeo authorizes the
agricultural consumers societies
to purchase and barter foodstuffs
In the prosperous regions of White
Russia, Siberia, Ukraine,
By the efforts of the commissariat of labor and the central evacuation agencies, over ninety thousand people were transferred from
the famine regions to prosperous
provinces during July. Children,
will be removed to the prosperous
provinces Immediately
The central rollef commission
has been enlarged to include Lun-
acharsky, commissioner of education; Lltvinov, assistant commissar of foreign affairs; Khin-
chuk, chairman of the co-operative,
association, and Korney. Representatives of the relief commission
have arrived In Samara to organize
relief and review the situation,
They report general conditions
difficult but not hopeless. Local
committees have been organized
comprising representatives from
In an article In the "Pravda,"
Karl Radek points to unmfstak
able sinister plana by foreign imperialists, leagued with counterrevolutionary emigres to use the
present famine' as a background
for a new military attack ngainst
Soviet Russia. "Russia," saya
Radek, "ought to be ready and
will be ready against auch a perfidious attack, fully prepared to
demonstrate to the world's reactionaries her invincibility.
The executive committee of the
Communist International appeals
to all Communist and labor organ-:
izations throughout the world to
organize prompt relief for the
starving Volga peasants, pointing
tn the "slow action of bourgeois
philanthropy." The counter-revolutionists abroad, says the appeal,
will try to ullllze the calamity for
a new offensive against the toilers'
republic, Every carload of bread jot
sont by workers' organ Izatlmis, t bt
continues the appeal,  will
Senator France Charges
Col  Ryan With
(By The Federated Press)
(New York Bureau)
New York.—Col. E. W. Ryan,
American Red Cross commissioner
In the Baltic states, who, according
to Riga dispatches, is accused by
Efehator France as having participated In the Kronstadt plot against
.the Russian government, Is the
'.man who reported to the- state
.department In May, 1920, that the
'.Russian Soviet government was
^'crumbling" and could not last six
months. Th« Associated Press,
in an article under date of May
[13, 1920, characterized Ryan's retort—taking care, of course, to
use the expression "Is said to be"
—us the first authoritative, firsthand information on conditions In
'Russia received since the return
of the Bullitt mission a year before.
Because of thc plainly biased
ueoeunts of the conversation in
Riga between. Colonel Ryan and
Senator France, and the editorial
and other attempts which already
are being made in newspapers to
discredit in ndvance the attitude
of Senator France, tt may be lllu-
minuting at this time to make
.slight- further reference to that
jfljay, 1920, report of Colonel Ryan
to the state department—or at
least to the newspaper accounts
purporting to quote from lt.
Said the Associated Press at that
"Colonel Ryan Js Just back from
a surreptitious visit into Russia."
Then followed a column of violent, intolerant sneering abuse of
t,hf- Russian government and its
officials, and descriptions of conditions in Moscow and Petrogad, in
tprspersed with vainglorious repe
tltlons of sarcastic remarks Ryan
Is said to have made to Tchitcherin, Russian minister of foreign
The "Information" he gathered
In Russia upon which hfs report
of May, 1920, was based, accord
Ing to his own admission, was obtained by him while he was actually an oft leer of the American
Red Cross, but was disguised as
a membor of the Bsthonfan poace
And yet the report above mentioned solemnly set forth that in
Russia the atmosphere of espionage and suspicion was "all-pervading."
Nothing in the publish references to Colonel Ryan's savage
attack on the Russian government
indicated that he, or the state
department, saw uny breach of
common honestly In a high official
bf the American Red Cross disguising himself and gathering,
under false pretenses, information
to be placed at thc disposal of
those openly Interested In the
Downfall  of  the  Russian   govern-
Workers Without Food or
Shelter Offered
Operators  Are  Charged
With Murder of Commissioner Simonee
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
(Washington Bureau)
Washington.—E. L. Doheny's
Huasteca Oil Company and the
Pierce Oil Company, a Standard
Oil subsidiary,- promoters of the
recent disturbance lu the Tamplco
oil field which led to the sending
of two American battleships to
that port to overawe the Mexican
authorities, are branded as dell-
berate, outlaws by E. C. Davison,
general secretary-treasurer of the
International Association of Machinists, who has just returned
from  Mexico.
Davison attended the convention
of the Mexican Federation of
Labor at Orozaba, went to Tamplco during the crisis here, and
later conferred with President
Obregon, General Calles and Ministers De La Huerta, Villareul and
others in the capital. From
Orizbn he sent the telegrams
which brought immediate protest
from the American labor movement against the naval demonstration at Tamplco, aud which were
followed by the withdrawal of the
Thousands of oil  field  workers
(Continued on page 4)
To Cl.lltl l'u.
ho Hull r.,m._!.i.ii of Hie O.
U. has (locldotl to finish the
of -loaning un tho hnll and
next move  Ih to use a Uttle
  .,  stiiton kalsomine on the .mull  hall,    lt
the determination ot tho Itus-lan Is expected that thla work will
ho com.mcn.ced on Monday noxt
and all willing to give a hand are
Firemen Who Struck
Against C. G. M. M.
Get Eight Weeks
The management of the Canadian government Merchant Marine,
is meeting with considerable trouble in securing a crew for the S. S.
Canadian Importer, now loading at
Hastings mill, even going to the
city jail to look for experienced
firemen and seamen.
Tho seamen and firemen on the
S. S. Canadian Observer were in
formed or understood from the
chief engineer that they were to be
paid off on Sunday, August 7, He
stated to them, Hnny of you men
who want to be paid off, let me
know." A few minutes later the
captain aald the orders had been
changed, and that the men could
not be paid off. The men then refused to work, and the captain sent
for the police, and charged the
men with refusing to obey commands. They wero taken to gaol
and charged Ju court Monday, the
case being adjourned to Thursday.
John Queen and Fred Corbett,
both firemen, were charged with
deserting the S. .S. Canadian Rover,
at Ocean Falls on July 15, 1921.
John Queen procured a substitute,
but the captain would not have
him. The men were given a gaol
sentence of eight woks with hard
labor. Tlie prosecuting attorney recommended that thc C. G. M. M.
refund tho men their wages,
San Francisco Woorkers
Rebel Against
(By The Federated Preu)
Ban Franciico.—The Ban Frail'
ctaco Labor Council haa formally
and categorically turned down the
general atrlke and ordered constituent unlona to reject both lt
and general conference committee
of the rank and (lie. The atruggle
now reaolvea Itaelf into one between the lnaurgent membership
of the unloni and the conservative
union officials; ln other worde, between a probably hopeleae general
■trlke or an abaolutely certain
"open ahop" regime.
A great majority of the Individual unions have declared overwhelmingly for the itrlke and tho
probability Is that the building
trades at least will go out as a
body. Most of them, of course,
are already out, and only the
building material teamsters will
keep the movement from being
unanimous among the building
A mass meeting of tho rank and
die of the unions will be held on
August 7 at which the general
strike proposal will be Anally
passed upon. Meanwhile, the endorsement of Individual unions
will continue to be sought by the
general conference committee.
workers In their struggle against
the capitalist world which Is seeking to use the famine for Its own- requested, to get in touch with the
profit.  i.»i.*_...
People's CommlBsar of Foreign.
Trade Krassln has announced that
his commissariat will co-operate
with the public relief committee,
using Its technical apparatus for
the committee's food deliveries
/rom abroad.
OUR appeals to sub hustjers have not been in vain and
there appears to be all added impetus to the circulation boosting. This week a North Shore worker
brought four new subscriptions in, and others have sent
in one or more. Prom various parts of tlie province Fed.
readers have reported that they are taking up the work
of sub hustling and have sent in for subscription cards.
This shows that our appeals havo been heeded and that
some attempt will be made to reach the circulation mark
which was mentioned in last week's issue, namely 100,000.
It can be done if our readers want it to be done, but it
will need effort. During the past two months one man
alone has turned in over twenty new subscriptions. What
about it? How many have you turned in? It is your
turn next.       J*- ..        ^y
Mclnnis and Speed Were
Speakers Last
Sunday last saw a moderate
audienco at tbe V. L. Hall to hear
comrades Speed and Mclnnis
speak on behalf of thu Federated
Labor Party. Comrade Speed was
the flrst speaker ami gave a vivid
account of how be became a convert to the working class philosophy, He stated that whenever
a worker gave out his arguments
for a change of system, he tho
speaker, combatted thom In hfs
own way, but eventually finding
conditions on the job getting harder each year he found himself
faced with the problem of ultim
ately realising his position In
society, and by reading suitable
literature found out for himself
what formed and was the cause
of the class struggle. He advised
those present to secure literature
dealing witb tho class struggle and
to flt themselves to become Intelligent members of a working clnss
Comrade Mclnnis, a candidate
for thc position of School Truster,
spoke next clearly pointing out
that he was not a candidate for
office with a view to reforming or
bolstering up the present system.
He referred to the various promises made by the present governments In the country as to the
workers never returning to p)ro
war conditions ami the policy of
reducing wages which now existed.
A good discussion on the points
raised was Indulged In after thc
close  of the addresses.
Next Sunday Comrades Eustace
and Batt will be the speakers. On
Tuosday evening thero will be a
general meeting at Headquarters.
Passivity of Workers Will
Mean Greater
(By The Federated Press)
Paris.—Taking advantage of the
prevailing unemployment, the
large employers of France are vigorously pushing the campaign to
reduce wages, which already have
gone down from 30 to 40 per cent,
while the cost of living has decreased about 10 to 20 per cent.
Apparently pleased with the
passivity shown by the workers the
employers are contemplating further cuts and openly boustlng of
their success in their own press,
One of the organs of big business, "l'Usine," announces that
"wage reductions are continuing
with very little reslstence offered
by the workers, but as we have
already pointed out, wage reductions have now become universal."
The fact that the workers have
been entirely on the defensive,
with but little power of reslstence,
Is mainly due to the great Internal
strifes within the French trade
unions. For several years
struggle haa been going on for the
control and leadership of the
unions between the two contending
forcos—the present trade union
officials and the militant rank and
fllo members, who have been for
seme time well organized within
the unions In whnt is called "C, S.
R." (Concell Syndlcallste Revolu-
tionalrc),   with varying success.
Due to the lost strikes of Inst
year the struggle has become more
bitter, the old union lenders doing
everything in their power to exclude thc revolutionists from the
unions and the opposition struggling hard to get definite control
of the different federations. Lately
the latter hnve been successful and
at the recently held conventions
acquired the leadership of several
unions, among them the two largest affiliations—the building trades
federation and the rallwaymen's
foderation. The opposition of the
latter federation received a mn
jorlty of f.5,140 votes to 53,077 cast
for thc old leadership. Semart, of
tho opposition group, was elected
Craft   Unions   Do  Not
Fit the Modern
American   Labor  Move'
ment Far Behind Russian Standard
(Editor's Note: The following
Is the eighth of a series of special
articles on Russia whloh Mr,
Foster was commissioned by Ths
Federated Press ta write, Ha already has told of the growth of tha
Russian trade unions, which hs
says play a leading part - tn the
administration of tho Soviets, from
an Insignificant membership ol
1,886 In January, i»l7, to 8,000,001
In May, 1921.)
Moscow.—Britain's treatment of
the Ukrainian trade delegation In
ConstantInople Is severely scored
In a note Bent Curzon, British
foreign minister by Ukrainian
Foreign Minister Rnkovsky, The
note reviews Britain's action in
arresting members of the delegation, seizing tlie money and effects,
rnlding the official quarters, con-
fincaling goods belonging to
foreign clients and finally driving
thc delegates Into thc open sen
In a boat with purposely disabled
motors, despite the official British
high commissioner's dealings with
said delegation and despite the
Ukrainian Soviet's scrupulous cure
In repatriating British subjects.
Moscow has asked the British
government to redress this wrong
and to prevent future repetition.
San Frnnclsco.—The One Big
Union, which Is actively organizing
here, took in 75 new members at
one meeting recently. •
(Federated Press Staff Writer)
Moscow.—The . Russian trado
union movement Is based upon tho
Industrial principle. That ls, all
the workers engaged ln a given «n-
terprlba (from the highest official!
to the laborers) belong to ono organiiation. Thero aro nol craft
unions consisting of certain tradei
working in many Industries. For
example, the steam engineers
working In the metal Industries,
instead of belonging to a craft
union as is the case In the United
States, are part of the Industrial
union of metal1 workers. The electrical workers ln the textile Industry do not belong to a craft union
of electrical workers, but to tha
Industrial union of textile workers.
This principle holds throughout
the entire trado union structure.
Craft unionism, which American
leaders boast so much of, Is looked
upon by the Russians (In common
with all progressive unionists) as a
very primitive type of organisation
unfitted for modern industrial conditions.
At present the labor movement
consists of 23 Industrial unions, as
follows: Medical and sanitary
workers; transport workers (railroad men, sailors, longshoremen,
etc.); miners; carpenters and Joiners! agricultural and forest workers; theatrical employes; provis-
(Continuod on pago I)
Gave Orders to Take No
Prisoners in Late
(By The Federated Press)
Parle.—The acquittal at Lelpsio
of  the  German  General Stenger,
charged with ordering the killing
of prisoners of war, has roused
two opposing storms in France.
The militarists cry for vengeance
on "unrepenant Germany," whilo
the antl-militarlsts declare that
French generals who gave orders
similar to thc 0ne alleged against
the German officer should also be
put on trial.
Lieut, F. (iouteenolra de Toury,
who nerved In action on the western front under Gen. Martin do
Bouillon has given evidence, borne
out by testimony from several
other veterans, to the effect that
the order to French soldierB to
take no prisoners was a commonplace of the war.
De Toury, In a signed statement
in the press, declares thnt do Bouillon held u council of officers before an advance at which the general promised them "plenty of
pretty German girts when we
reach the Rhine," ond told tbem
to "tnke as few prisoners as possible."
Roger Gotirnor, In a similar
Signed statement, declares thnt
Captain Crlcrl In nn advance .September Zb. 1816, gave the order:
"Take ns few prisoners ns possible
on uccount of tho cost of feeding
them." Gournler adds that the
next dny lie saw a French soldier,
intoxicated by the three pints ot
alcohol rationed out, kill a German prisoner who was begging
for his life on his knees, appeullng
in the name of bis six children.
"If the governments bad given
us the lasting pence which they
promised us we would gladly have
forgotten all those horrors" declared Toury. "They are not Germnn atrocities, nor Fronch atrocities, but atrocities of war, ot
every belligerent In every war.
And now Instead of peace we are
facing new wars. Wo must speak
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Irish Scl (-Determination Leaguo.
MONDAY—Pile Drivers.
TUESDAY—Workers' Council.
"WEDNESDAY—Trades and Labor Counoil.
THURSDAY—Plasterers' Helpers.
SATURDAY-Dancc, 9 to'12. THIRTBENTH YEAR.    NO. 31    IPO   pftlAi.pnUUJjUJimA   J'JlilJIliJtATlUJNU-iT    VANCOPVEB. B. C
FRIDAY August 12, Uot
I B.C. Fl
Published overy Friday morning bjr Tkt B, 0,
Federationitt, Limited
a: a WELLS..
Boom 1, Victoria Block,  343
Btreet West
Telephone Seymour 5871
Subacribtion Bates: United States and Foreign,
13.00 per year; Canada, 12.50 per year, $1.60
lor elx months; to Unions subscribing in a
body, 16c per member per month, .   .
Unity of Labor: The Hop, of tbe World
..August 12, 1921
It will cleanse him of much that i» vile
and make him a decent, respectable citizen, with the right to look all decent
members of the human family, which if
the Sin is correct, must be workers, in
the face. There are others who are too
proud to work, besides Lou Tellegen.
Their pride should be humbled in the
dust. To this work we offer our services
and thus prove our decency.
work to eaat down the whole work-
" ol.qe*
ing claas to this utmost state    ,
COMING events cast their shadow's before them. The shadow of the
American fleet that reeently visited this
port has, however, not yet indicated to
the average mind just what tho coming
event which will indicate
THE FLEET where Canada stands with
AND ITS the United States will bo.
SHADOW A little study of the situation will not be amiss in
these times when war is daily talked of
as a possibility. America is not in line
with British policy in tho East. • The interests of the two nations aro liable to
clash, the economio interests of these
two imperialistic nations are as wide
apart as tho poles, and for that reason
their policies as to China and Japan must
of necessity be of a widely different
character and outlook.
* * »
Japan and Great Britain, in alliance,
can do much to prejudice the interests of
American capitalists in China. For that
reason, the United States is opposed to
the renewal of the Anglo-Japar.ese alliance without some reservations that will
allow it to become another scrap of
paper which means nothing, aud can be
torn up at any moment, if so desired.
To this end, the Hon. Arthur Meighen,
premier of this country, and bell-hop for
Wall Street, opposed tho renewal of the
alliance between Japan and Great Britain. Ho voiced the opinions of thc men
on this continent who control not only
the financial resources, but practically all
industries, and they aro not Canadians,
but Americans.
* * *       .
, Naturally, like all 'other capitalists,
the American breed will take care of
their property. As a large amount of it
is invested in this country, any friction
between Great Britain and thc United
States will be felt in Canada. And while
we do not suggest that there is any analogy between the recent visit of part of
the United States fleet, to the sending of
warships to Tampico, yet the fact remains that no doubt our politicians wore
duly impressed with the display of naval
power and will bo guided in the future
by the knowledge recently gained, and
valuable support will be given to the premier in the work of protecting the interests of American capital in this country,
even if it means opposition to British
IT IS very seldom that wo can agree
with the expressed opinions of any
capitalistic newspaper. In fact, if wo
did, we could not represent the interests
of the working class, which aro diametrically opposed to tho
A CAMPAIGN interests of the class
FOR which those publications
DECENCY support.     Occasionally,
however, by some moans
that would almost appear supernatural,
a truth is expressed by the editor of a
ruling class newspaper which is worth
while repeating. During the week,' the
Vancouver Morning Sun had occasion to
comment on the Geraldiue Farrar and
Lou Tellegen domestic trouble, and
amongst other things had the following
to say:
' 'Anybody who would live on
somebody else is not fit to walk on
two legs and less fit to walk on four.
For these incidents occur seldom
among decent human beings and
never among animals.
"According to the actress' story
Tellegen is too proud to work for a
" living, but not too proud to live on
his wife's earnings."
* * *
For our part we are entirely indifferent
Is to whether the more or less charming
Geruldinc keejis her husband or a pet
dog. Sho may, if she so desires, keep
both, and we will not offer any opposition, and wc are equally indifferent as
to whether or not she refuses to even
allow her husband to have access to his
clean collars. AVo do, however, agree
with the Sun when it says: "Anybody
that would livo on anybody else is not
fit to walk on two legs, and less fit to
Walk on four." Usually thoso that live
on the toil and sweat of others, neither
• walk on two or four. They usually ride
in tho most luxurious cars, and if ever
fate compelled them to attempt to walk
on four, it would be found that the development of tho place where a waistline should appear, would be too great
for them to perform that feat.
» ♦ »
Wo also agree with thc Sun in its reference to decent human beings seldom
living on others, and it is for that reason
we are at all times willing to make
every person, including the members of
, the ruling class, decent people by putting them to work for their own living.
Today the working class docs all the
working, .the ruling class lives on the
labor of others, and we join with great
heartiness in thc campaign that the Sun
will now undoubtedly start for decency,
and the abolition of thc right for one
sman to live on the labor of another human being, no matter whether they be
male or female. Let us work for the
making of all human beings decent, by
putting them to work. We suggest that
thc owners of the Sun pick out the first
member of the ruling class for thc order
of thc bath of sweat, that labor entails.
CLOSE observers of the constant struggle between Capital and Labor, will
have noticed that since the close of the
war, there has been a general tendency to
reduce wages, and what is even worse,
to increase the hours of
PURSUING labor. Strange to say,
A FATAL these encroachments of
POLICY. capitalism    have    been
largely accepted by the
workers without any attempt to resist
them. Labor officials have informed their
members that the economic conditions
necessitated the decreased wages, and
the need for greater output of the individual worker so that normalcy and
decreased pricos would once again obtain, which in turn would mean more
work. Needless to say, in both qases the
rank and file of Labor was misinformed
by its blind and pusilanimous leaders.
Workers with a littlo understanding of
the working class position, havo also
aided this reactionary crowd in weakening the morale of tho working class.
They have advocated sabotage on the
job. Cutting down the daily product and
other schemes to beat the employer.
* »     •   *
Little have these men realized the true
situation. It is impossible for any section of the working class to cut down
production in a longer work day just as
it is on the shorter day. There is a condition prevailing that will not allow the
worker to slow up, and that condition is
the prevailing unemployment. Competition exists amongst members of the cm-
ploying class for markets. Competition
also exists amongst the workers for a
place to dispose of their labor-power, the
employing olass realizes this, and will
take good care that a slave, or number
of thorn, who show any inclination to lay
down on thc job will be displaced by
thoso who are more ready to deliver the
goods, Hunger, a more potent forco for
driving modern slaves than the whip of
the chattel slave owner, will preclude the
idea of sabotage on the job being a practical opposition to the encroachments of
capitalism as the competition becomes
keener. The lack of resistance under any
such pretext on the part of the working
class is a clear indication of weakness and
lack of understanding.
In British Columbia and all through
Canada there is a move to increase the
hours of labor. A reduction of wages,
may of necessity, due to tho intense industrial stagnation, have to be accepted,
but only after an attempt to resist it
has been made, but an increase in the
hours of labor should be fought on every
occasion to a finish. Karl Marx, in
"Value Price and Profit," has the following to say on this subject:
"We have till now supposed that
the working day has given limits.
The working day, however, has^ by
itself, no constant limits.   It is the
constant   tendency   of   capital   to
stretch it to its utmost physically
possible length, because in thc same
degree surplus labor, and consequently the profit resulting therefrom, will
be increased.   The more capital succeeds iu prolonging the working day,
the greater the amount of other peoples' labor it will appropriate."
Dealing in the same work with tho in-
tensiveness of the exploitation that the
slaves of modern industry will be callod
upon  to  face,  Marx  in tbe  following
woi-ds emphasizes thc need for resisting
the ever-growing encroachments of capital: .
"By selling his laboring power,
and he must do so under the present
system, the working man makes over
to the capitalist the consumption of
that power, but within certain rational limits. He sells his laboring
power in order to maintain it, apart
from its natural wear and tear, but
not to destroy it. In selling his laboring power at its daily or weekly
value, it is understood that in one
day or one week that laboring power
shall not be submitted to two days'
or two weeks' waste or wear and
tear. Take a machine worth £1000.
If it is used up in ten years it will
add to the value of the commodities
in whose production it assists £100
yearly. If it is used up in five years
it will add £200 yearly, or tho value
of its annual wear and tear is in inverse ratio to the quickness with
which it is consumed. But this distinguishes the working man from the
machine. Machinery does not wear
out in exactly the same ratio in
which it is used. Man, on the contrary, decays in a greater ratio thsn
would bc visible from tho mere numerical addition of work.
"In thcir attempts at reducing thc
working day to its former rational
dimensions, or, where they cannot
enforce legal fixation of a normal
working day, at checking overwork
by a rise of wages, a rise not only in
proportion to the surplus time exalted, but in a greater proportion,
working men fulfil only a duty to
themselves and their race. They only
set limits to the tyrannical usurpations of capital. Time is the room
of human development. A man who
has no free timo to dispose of, whose
whole lifetime, apart from thc mero
psysical interruptions by sleep, meals
and so forth, is absorbed by his labor
for thc capitalist, is less than a beast
of burden. He is a mere machino
for producing foreign wealth, broken
in body and brutalized in mind. Yet
the whole history of modern industry shows that capital, if not cheeked,  will   recklessly   and   ruthlessly
Again, in another part of the saint
work, Marx says: "By cowardly giving
way in their every day conflict with
capital, they would certainly disqualify
themselves for the intiating of any large
movement." Our friends, who tajce the
position that it is not wise to flght
against increased hours of labor, and
who imagine they are Marxists, may well
ponder the words of Man himself, who
refused to be classified as a Marxian.
They may then realize that only by offering every resistance to the ruling class
in the every day struggle for an distance, can the workers fit themselves, for
the final struggle that appears to be very
near for the overthrow of the present
system of society, and the establishment
of a new order of socioty, which is a
task that can never be undertaken and
carried out successfully by passive resist-
ers. Their fatalism is deadly. Their
knowledge limited and their policy one
of disaster.
r-pHE VAK9OUVER SUN, whjchtfenslve purpose* We went through-
The more noise the unemployed make
about their misery the more the powers
that be will attempt to do for them. The
moral is found in the following sentence.
"The wheel that does the squeaking gets
the grease."
The question as to when the general
election will be held will be decided between the representatives of British and
American capital, and the latter will win.
Meighen is their man, and they need him
for a time.
I appears to us strongly repilnja-
A cent of a prostitute valiantly
laboring to regain her virginity, has
a somewhat pungently-worded editorial upon Its front page of Saturday, Aug. 6, the same day, by the
way, when we were peacefull visited by a galaxy of Uncle Sam's
agents of moral suasion in the
shape of battleships and destroyers. Let it suffice to say that the
Sun places itself undevlatlngly on
the side of peace, and finds comforting corroboration in the utterances
of another visiting peace angel, to
wit, Lord Northcliffe, an Irishman,
who, commencing an obscure journalistic career lu Scotland, Anally
arrived at thc hub of the Empire,
and "by buying for a penny a
pound and selling it for fo-pei.ee,
laid the basis of his present fame
and fortune,
Lord Northcliffe, with the aid of
the Sun (or vice versa) has discovered some astounding things
which any Socialist could have pre
sented long ago. For Instance, "If
three nations carry on a great naval programme, one certainly is
that there will be war on the high
seas." And again: "TheBe . . .
facts prove absolutely that another
war, coming within the lighting life
of any warship now ln course of
design or construction, will sell the
civilized world into flnanclal slavery."
If the Sun means by "the civilized world" the greater proportion
of the world's population, then we
must remark that the sale has long
sinco been effected. But with a re.
freshing candor not often encountered In modern newspapcrdom the
Sun babbles on deliriously thus
wiser "There Is no such thing as a
great new naval armament for de-
With a wage of 30 cents per hour, as
proposed by the Economic Couneil, for
workers on relief work, the coming winter
does not look any too bright. The council
has, however, earned its title as an "economic" organization. In fact it is almost
"Whilo the "economic" council wants to
keep men from British Columbia, and
thinks that 30 cents per hour will do it,
the Vancouver Morning Sun wants more
people to develop "our" resources so that
unemployment can be cured. Verily these
curers and solvers of the unemployed
question are peculiar animals.
The Labor
In a remarkable and thought-provoking article, which among others, ^ published by the I. L. P, Informations Committee and, the International Section of
the Labor Research department, under
the title "Trade Unions in Soviet Russia," Lozovsky (member of executive of
all-Russia Central Council of Trade
Unions), traces the birth and growth of
trades unions in Russia down to the present time, Particularly apropos at this
time are the two following paragraphs,
worthy of the most serious attention of
all thinking workers in the movement:
No Craft Unions—In order to underr
stand the Russian trade union movement
it is necessary to bear in mind: (1) That
there are no yellow unions in Russia; (2)
That there are no unions standing outside of the general trade union centre.
All unions in Russia enter into the all-
Russian Central Trado Union Council,
and only those organizations who are in
the all-Russian centre have the right to
call themselves a trade or industrial
union; (3) There are no separate unions
for intellectuals, doctors, engineers, etc.;
all enter the respective trade union, mechanical engineers in the metal workers
union, engineers in the textile factories
into thc textile workers uuion. All these
categories of Labor may, if it is so desired, form scientific and technical associations, but these associations do not enjoy thc rights and privileges of a union,
and, (4) there are no craft guilds in
Political  Neutrality  Condemned—The
trade union includes masses of workers
and   employees   without  distinction   of
their politieal and religious convictions.
The trade unions are not parly organizations, but in i]ta case are they "neutral"   or  non-political;   a   trade  union
which behaves equally to a Socialist or
to a bourgeois party, who would advocate
voting for bourgeois candidates at elections, as has often happened in England
.and America, has never existed in Russia,
The Labor unions have always been. Socialistic. The Social Democratic Party was
always the mid wifo at the birth of a
trade  union.    The  party stood  at  its
cradle and reared it and therefore there
can be with us no question of any liberal
labor unions; the trade unions in Russia
never had to choose between liberalism,
and   Socialism—such   a  problem   never
confronted us—but betweon opportunistic
Socialism and Revolutionary Socialism, i.
c., between MensheVism and Bolshevism.
The choicirwas made even before the
October  revolution;  the  Russian .trade
unions united thcir fate with that of. the
October revolution, with the Soviet govornment;  this meant that  the  Russian
trade   union   movement,   as   a   whole,
marched under tho banner and acted according to the directions of the Russian
Communist  Party.    This  seems  to  be
rather contradictory; a non-party trade
union movement which, nevertheless, acts
under the directions of a definite political party.   But really there is no contradiction, for non-party does not mean hbn-
political, and to the extent that a trade
union participates in a political struggle
—and it cannot do anything else than
participate—it must  march  under  the
banner and accept the platform of some
political party, and as the political strug-
gle is a class struggle, and tho trades
unions embracing millions of the proletariat cannot remain outside of tho class
struggle, particularly in the period of
social revolution and tho direot struggle
of thc working class for power—thc Rus-
scian trade unions not only took port in
the political struggle, but repeatedly declared their solidarity with  that party,
which more than any expressed the interests of tho working class—the Bolshc-
i vile Partv
(By Frank Tannenbaum)
T fs a truism that the nearer to
the trees one is the less Is seen
of the forest, and this may be
the reason why this review of the
Labor Movement by Frank Tannenbaum* makes such interesting
reading. The functions of the
Labor Movement in its flght ngainst
the insecurity of living, now so prevalent amongst the world's workers, the revolutionary appeatance it
presents, unknown to thpse composing It, and the psychology created by the group activities of the
movement, are among the interesting features of this very sympathetic outline of the movement as
manifested by the trado unions.
While not agreeing altogether with
either his analysis or conclusions,
there Is no question as to the caro
for accuracy with which he has
outlined his views. '
There are many extracts which I
would like to make, but space forbids.    The following comment   on J modo'rn
the "Dictatorship of the Proletariat" Ib Interesting:
"But the Dictatorship hns another basis of significance than
that which it might be accorded
as the summary of a political ideal
and revolutionary battle cry. Its
peculiar value does not Ue in the
sense that it implies a dictatorship.
There have bcen dictatorships before. It does not lie in the fact
even that it is the dictatorship of
a majority over a minority. There
have been such dictatorships in the
world before. Its real contribution
to polittcal practice and Ideals lies
In the fact thut it has drawn the
simplest distinction between man
and man and made that distinction
the basis of citizenship.
"The significance of 'The Dictatorship of the Proletariat' is that
It Is a new construction of citizenship in which the formula that divides the citizens from the non-
citizens Is the simplest and most Inclusive that has ever been made the
basis of government.
"The requirement for citizenship
Is labor. This, distinction excludes
from active citizenship only the Imbecile and the child. The distinction of race, class, color, sex, religion, property and education has
no significance for admission to the
right and privilege of the group."
This book ls one that is well
worth reading whether one agrees
with the author or not. J.K..
all that kind of explanation regarding the German army and the
German navy, and the Austrian
army" (emphasis mine.) So! The
sands are running out, and explanations (sic) used to camouflage the insidious workings of opposing groups of Imperialists in
former days, may not, and ln all
probability will not, explain. The
great war, with all lta subsequent
developments, surely holds valuable lessons for the workers. They
who do the fighting when the dogs
of war are let loose. The pity is
they do not appear to be assimilating them to any great degree; nevertheless, they move. We are willing to aid the Sun in this work of
education if necessary.
But hearken to'this gem? Says
the Sun further on In the same
"The great element of danger in
any form of government is that, at
the instant of crisis, determination
for peace or war must lie ln the
hands of a small body of men, always dominated by one man . ♦ .
the lives of millions depend upon
tho decision of ono man. , , ."
Thore ls so much matter which
might advantageously be quoted,
but spaco forbids, and under the
nauseating necessity of having to
boost tho Sun, readers of the Fed
erntlonlst would be well advised to
peruse the article in full. They
might do so at the public library,
and thus obviate tho painful pro
cess of boosting the Sun circulation.
While admitting unequivocally
that having stopped the Central
Empires in their quest for,world
supremacy, it was "found there
was no way to make them either
repair tho war damage or pay the
costs of the war," the Sun preaches
a powerful and eloquont sermon In
tabloid to the workers for it says;
"The glitter and gold of war have
boen found to be a moro gilding of
the habiliments of death; the stir
ring melodies of the military band
lead only to the cemetery.
And fearful of the very obvious
preparations for defense (?)
Great Britain, the United States
and Japan, it concludos woefully:
"Surely there must be in the religious, the educational, the home and
fireside, forces of the world a spirit
which, if it were once awakened
by definite appreciation of human
necessities, would bring about effectual measures guaranteeing peace
and preventing war.
Dear Comrade Sun, ws agree!
But the only force existing ln the
world today, capable of fully appreciating human necessities and
further and which is more basic
and important, of producing and
distributing them, is the useful portion of human society, the working
class. Their neecls and interests lie
not In the expansion of markets,
policing of trade routes, holding of
coaling and cable stations, creating conspiracy combinations for
opening and maintaining "spheres
of influence," but ln realizing that
machino   technology   has
TAKE NOTIOE thtt L William, Wallace*
Patton, Broker, of tht City of Vaneoaver,
B. C, intend to apply to tbt Comali-
sloner of Lands for a license to prospect
for eoal, petroleum and natural gai, over
the following described property: Commencing at a post planted in t-w^tidal
tints, Sturgeon Bank, approximately *****
mile west of the southwest corner of Lot
17, Sei Island, Richmond Municipality;
thence west SO chains, thenoe north 80
chalnB, thence east 80 chains, thence
south 80 chains to point of commence,
ment, containing 840 aores more or leia.
Located eighth day of June, 1931.
TAKE NOTICE that I, William Walla.ce
Patton, Broker, of the City of Vancouver,
B. O., intend to apply to the Commissioner of Lands for a license to prospect
for ooal, petroleum and natural gas, over
the following described property: Commencing at a post planted in the tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately one
mile west of the southwest corner of Lot
17, Sea Island, Richmond Municipality;
thence west 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thenoe
north 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acrea, more or leu.
Located eighth day of June, 1021.
TAKE NOTICE that L William Wallace
Patton, Broker, of tho City of Vanconver,
B. C, intend to apply to the Commissioner of Lands for a license to proapect
for coal, petroleum And natural gaa, over
tha following described property: Com*
menning at a post planted In tha tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately one
mile weat of the southwest corner of Lot
29, Sea Island, Richmond Municipality;
thenco weit 80 chalm, thence south 80
chains, thenco eaBt 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains, to point of commencement, oontaining 840 acrea, wore or km.
Located eighth day of June, 1021.
TAKE NOTICE that I, William Wallace
Patton, Broker, of the City of Vancouver,
B. O., intend to apply to tha Comn.ii-
aioiior of Lauds for a license to prospect
for coal, petroleum aud nnlurnl gas, over
tho following described property: Commencing at a post planted in tha tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately one
milo west of the southwest corner of Lot
18*Lulu Island, Richmond Municipality;
thence weat 80 chalne, thenco north 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thence
south 80 chains, t» point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or leal,
Located eighth day of June, 1021.
TAKE NOTICE that I. William Wallace
Pntton, Broker, of the City of Vancouver,
B.  C,  intond to apply to   tho   Commis-
_a sionor of Lands for a license to prospect
nf for coal, petroleum and natural gas, over
ol the following described property:    Commencing  at ft post planted  in  thn tidal
Hats, Sturgeon Bank,   approximately  one
milo went of the southwest corner of Lot
16, Lula Island, Richmond Municipality;
thenco west 80 chains, thence   south   80
chains,  thenco east   80   chaina,   thence
north 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acrea, moro or 1cm-
Located eighth day of June,  1921.
Tlio grcatcf-t assistance that the
readers of Tlio Federatlonist euu
render us at this time, is by securing a new subscriber. By doing bo
you spread the news of tlie working class movement and assist us
Rome. — Industrial conditions
hero show no sign of Improvement.
Practically all of tho boot and
shoe factories are closed. Fifty
per cent of the metal workers are
unemployed, 40 per cent of the
builders, und, in the textile trade
thero are only 14,000 workers employed, of which 11,000 do a 20'
hour woek, whereas at tho end of
1920 24,000 workers were occupied.
developed to a poini. where it can
easily provide for all "human ne
ccssities" without the hampering
intervention of coupon-clippers,
stock-jobbers, flnanclal magnates,
(whoso business Interests breed
the manoeuvrings that load inevitably to war), together with all the
social harpies who, producing not
themselves, flnd sustenance from
the produce of the workers' toll,
For tho worker the problem Is:
Can we produco and distribute
"human necessities" for the beneflt
of the human race? We can; for
wc do it now in most glorious fashion for the benefit of the aforementioned parasites. Surely, then,
we can do It for ourselves, when we
know enough. And there's the
rub.    Wake up!
W. A. P.
Quiet and Reliable
A Working Man's House
AU    modern    rooms.      Rates
TAKE NOTICE that I, William Wallaca
Patton, Broker, of tho City of Vancouier,
B. O, intend to apply to tha Commissioner of Lands for a license to prospect
for coat, petroleum and natural gas, over
tho following described property: Commencing at a post planted in the tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately ona
milo west of the southwest corner of Lot
Lulu Island, Klehmond Municipality;
thence west 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thenoe east 80 chaina, thence
north 80 chaina to point of commencement, containing 640 acrci, more or less.
Located eighth day of June,  1931.
Fresh Rousted Coffee Dally
Teas nnd toffee. 3 lbs. for (1.(10
and up.
Furniture Store
We wnnt you to come to
this store with confluence
that you can buy Furniture, Carpets and Linoleum at lower prices and
better terms.
No Greater Opportunity
for    tho    Working    Men
416 Main Street
phone Sey. 1287
TIONIST anl (at rant 10
par cant, dlacount.
"A Good Placo to Eat"
Ring up Phone Seymou 93M
tor appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite 301 Dominion Bulldlnc
Fine Tailoring
Phone Fair. Wt
S. E. Gibson
I'll be on the Job myself.
1__9—21st Avenue East
Phone Fair. 277T
O. J. Mengel
Writes all classes ol Insur.
nn-0 Representing only flrst-
cla.3 Board companies. If insurance le wanted, write or
phona Sey. _ 626.
Offlce address, 712 Board of
Trade Bldg., Vancouver, B.C.
Greateit Stoek oi
In Greater Vancouver
Replete In ever; detail
il Hueiaf i lint* Wirt
What    about
your    neigh bor'i
Union Officials, write for prices.   Wt
The Federationlit hus published
"Left Wins" Communism, au in-
fan tlio disorder, by Nikolai Lenln.
This work should bc read by every
worker, as It deals extensively with
working cluss (net Id*. Price: Singlo
copies, 25c; orders of ten or more
copies, 20c each, postage paid.
Berlin.—Engineers and firemen
of a Rhine steamship company
havo gone out on strike and the
Inter-Allied Rhlneland Commission has Issuod an order which ls
tantamount to a strike prohibition.
The commission offers its services
as mediator, but threatens in the
event of the strike continuing to
take repressive measures.
Cleveland, Ohio.—Oeorge Hardy,
secretary-treasurer of the I. W. W.,
urged Cleveland workers at a mass
moeting here to "throw overboard
the Amsterdam International and
work for real international solidarity."
Every reader of Tho Fedeni-
tlonlst can render valuable assistance by renewing their siilHtcrlp-
tlons as noon us they arc due, and
and by Inducing anotiter worker to
subscribe. It doits not Ul-e much
effort to do this.   Trv it.
In Serges and Fancy Tweed, Cut in the
Latest Styles
.We can give you good Tweed    Men's Cream Ribbed Cashmere
Suits far .....120.00       Combinations, suit $3.00
A much bettor for  »_S.OO    Men's Fln« Shirts, from »«._»
Blue Serge Suits for ....$20.00    Men,_ Wor-   ^ lTJ_%iM
Men's Delpack Underwear, per BOOTS
,8ult •""• *I,B0    Dr. Reld's Cushion Sole Shoes
(Combinations) at the lowoat prloe ln Van_
Men's Double Thread  French couver.
Balbriggan, suit : .31.50 Men's Mahogany Bluchers »7.B O
_...   . „  . Men's Mahogany Straight Laos
Heavy Ribbed Underwear, per        Recede Toe i 30.50
•  Men's   Working   Boots   from,
Stanfield's Underwear at new       P"1' HM
Prices. Logging Boots of all kinds.
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
In that dark hour when sympathy and best service count io
much—call up
Phone Fairmont 68
Prompt Ambulance Sendee
Phone Sey. 221      Day or Night ]
S31 Homer St. Vanconver, B. C. J
Fiutei-al Directors
aiid Embalmers
Funerals ot Dignity at Fair
Fair view: Office and Chapel,
2398 Oranvllle Street
Fhone Bay S200.
North Vancouver: Office and
Chapel, 122 Sixth St. W.
Phone N. V. 134.
Mount Pleasant:   Offlee and
Chapel, 2123 Main Sb
Phone Fairmont il.
1160 Georgia Street
Sunday aarvleea, 11 a.m. ud 7.80 p.i
Sunday    school    immediately    folf    '
morning senriee.    Wedneaday teitli
meeting.    8    p.m.    Free    reeding
BOl-gOa   Bltfci   Bldg.
Woilld yoa ull on a buy nan atl
bin office, atnd In your eard, and than. I
when he had Indicated that ht could 1
aee you, keep him waiting while youl
finished reading a magaiTna In trial
outer nffloel
It Is'juat aa Important when ronl
tolephono that you ba ready ta talk]
when your party answers. It shows!
consideration of tbe other person'e I
ud Non-alcoholic wlaee of ill I
UNION   lUN'S   ATTENTION _itlDAY.._ August 12,
THiitMENTH Yi_Ait.  no. st   THU J_KITISH COLUMBIA FJiDEKATiQNIST Vancouver, a a
I csn promise beautiful teeth to everybody—no
matter how different is each individual in the
character of their teeth and features. Hy Expression Teeth are true mates to nature—they
match your original teeth and give you pleasing
features. You will be surprised at the results—
and my prices are just as gratifying. Make that
appointment today.
602 tfASTINOS ST. W.
Corner Seymour
Ofllce Open Tuesday and Friday
Pain is prevented In my
offlce by the use of the
most modern forms of
local anaesthesia, Including "Nerve Blocking."
I specialize ln this service
—no extra charge.
DB.  BRETT  ANDERSON,   formerly member of the Faculty ef tht
College of Dentistry, University of Southern California,  Lecturer
on Orown and Bridgework, Demonstrator ia Platework and Opera*
tive Dentistry, Local and Oeneral Anaesthesia.
Victory Bonds Accepted at Par for Dental Work
Every reader of The Federatlonist enn render valuable assist-
once by renewing their subscriptions as soon as tbey ure due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe.    It doea not take muck
effort to do this.   Try lt.
One dollar and fifty oents la the
cost for a six months subscription
to the Federatlonist.
■     '»' *******—
"Left Wing"
An Infantile Disorder
(By Nikolai Lonin)
Price: Single Copies 25c
Teh or more copies at the rate of 20c per copy, postage
paid.  Get your orden in quick, aa there will not
be a second edition.
tu Twenty Tsua w. lata laauad Ibis Union stamp lu ua inlai out
Peaceful Collective Bargaining
Forbids Bath Strikes and Lockouts
Diiptitaa Battled by Arbitration
Steady Employment and Skilled Workmanship
Prompt Deliveries to Dealera and Pnblio
Paaca and Success to Workors and Employers
prosperity of Shoo Miking Oomamnittei
As loyal anion man and women, wo ask
yon to domand ahoea hearing tho above
Union Stamp on Solo, Insole or Lining.
Collia Lovely, Oaneral Praaldant.    Oharlas L. Bain., General Sec.-Treaa
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wea. ing Bouquet!, Pol Plants
Ornamental and Stud* Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists" Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East 729 Oranvllle Street
Sermour 088-872 „ Soymour HM
The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
Mall orden  personally attended to
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks aud  Ara Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS A SON
Next Door to Loggers' Halt
Phono Sermons 888 Repairs Done While Yon Walt
C.UNS—Smith, Parker, Pox, Stevens, Winchester and the new
B. S. A., ln all gauges.
RIFLES—Winchester, Savage and Stevens, In various models
and overy calibre In stock.
AMMUNITION—Dominion, Winchester, Elcys.    Erery shotgun
and rifle size ln stock.
1821 Game Licenses Now on Salo
A $200,000 Payroll
That's what it cost in wages to make Cascade
Beer in Vancouver last year. When you drink
Cascade, you not only help your fellow workmen, but you drink a beer that for thirty years
has been the best beer sold in B. C.
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
CAMPBELL'S   OAMP,   Cardero *
Clut intel.
During the past alx months no
action has been taken by camp
delegates, or Individual members
to finance the official paper of the
L. W. I, U. of C, therefore the
members in this camp have agreed
to pay the sum of five dollars during the month of August for the
purpose of creating a fund that
the paper can be got out regularly,
AH camp delegates and individual members take notice that we
expect them to wako up and quit
howling about the "Boss Logger"
cutting wages, feeding us on dried
fruit, trying to introduce the ten-
hour day, ate, because the main
reason that he has been able to
do so is owing to tha faot that we
do   not   understand   organisation,
In order for the workers ln the
Lumber Industry to understand
organisation it Is necessary that
we have an official paper to make
them familiar with the alms and
objects of the organization, A
knowledge of organization and the
historic mission of the working
class, to free themselves from
slavery, will create a united body
of workera ln the Lumber Industry, and In the near future we will
be able to have some say In the
conditions that we will work under. Do not forget that 47 per
cent, of the wealth produced In
B, C. (s produced by the workers
In tho Lumber Industry and any
one can see that If wa understood
organization tho .amount of control wo would have, concerning
working conditions, would be
determined by the amount of
knowledge possessed by the mem
bershlp. Camp Delegate.
Called at Moran and Owen's
Camp, Homfray Channel, Bold
some literature but could not get
a delegate elected, called next at
Ellis Lake Lumber Co.'s Camp,
Deceit Bay, sold some literature
and a delegate was elected.
I then made another attempt to
get Into the Hastlng's slave-pens
and succeeded, I left my boat with
a friend and he took me over ln
his boat as the superintendent
wouldn't let me tie up at the
wharf. Since I was there a month
ago, the train crew have been
given orders not to tet anyone
ride up in the train without a pass,,
unless they are employees,' consequently I had to walk up and back;
the round trip ls nearly 50 miles.
On the way up I met the Super
coming down on the train. He was
waving his hands for me to go
back, and seeing that that was all
he could do, I kept going; the train
was going too fast for him to get
off and eat me up, so was not
molested until I got to the Operating Camp. I wns ordered back
from there, but being contrary,
stayed in a shack over night, and
on Sunday went to camps H. and
Fresh Meat Dept.
Spring Lamb 8tmv, Ib. ...,._.« 15c
Spring Lamb Shinildora, lb. ....24 l-2c
Spring I*iimb Loins, lb   300
Spring Lamb Legs, lb  36 l-2o
Prime    Oven    Roasts    from,    per
lb.   ..._ 121-2e
Prime Pot Roasts from, lb 10c
Prime   Boiling   Beof,  from,   lb...Bo
Fine   Bonelesa   Stow    Beef   from,
lb lfio
Pork Shoulders, about 5 lbs. eaoh,
T>cr lb 20 l-2o
Pork Middle Cuts, from 2 lbi. up,
ll> -  soe
Ve Bpoclallxo In Rolled Roasts, On
sale  on* Friday  n'nd   Saturday,   la
cuts of 2 lbs.  and up  to 10 lbs.
Reg. 30o lb.    Special, lb 20c
Roast Beef Dripping, lb.	
Pork Loin Chops, lb m.
Lamb Loin Chops, lb.
Lamb Shoulder Chops, lb. ...—......SOc
T.-B,  Steak,  lb _.   10o
Round  Steak, lb.  „ m 28c
Sirloin Steak, lb S8o
Grocery Specials
Nahob Vinegar, bottle .
Nabob Tea, lb. ..
Slater'a Tea, Ut.
Bluo Hibbon Tea, lb, ....7..Z',;.
Fine (jail, S (or  	
Sardinea,  3  for     —.
Potted Moat, 3 Ior  ,
Sainton, 4 fer .
l'ork and Iloana, 6 for   25c
Tomato Soup, 2 for    250
Hoyal Vinegar, bottle    _...20e
Prom 7 to 11 o'clock oa Saturday,
Slater'a Bed  Label   Taa;   reg.
45c lb., apcclalr 3 lba. for..ll.00
"Trovision Dept.
Od salt oa Saturday morning from 7
to 11 o'clock, our famous Alberts
Creamery   Butter.     Special,    8    lbs.
for  _ |i,io
Limit 6 lbi.
On sale on Saturday morning from
7 o'clock to 12 noon, our famous
sugar-cured Picnic Hams. Reg
29o lb., apeclal.  lb 20 1-20
On aale on Saturday morning from 7
to  11 o'clock.    Spocial, Ib. _.._ 20c
On tale on Saturday,  our famous
Cottage Rolls, weighing from 4 to
0  lbs.    Regular 40o lb., specinl.
*h -  811-2C
Our fresh churned Creamery Butter,
on sate on Saturday,   Regular fiOc Ib.
Special, 8 lbs. for 01.30
Slater's  Sliced Streaky Bacon,
SSo, 40c, 4So per lb.
Finest Canadian  Cheese,  lb. .  30c
Rogers'  Syrup, 5-lb. tin  __ OOo
Finest Compound Lard, 2 lbs. for.SBe
Four Bi; Stores
123 Hastings (Head Office) Sey. 3262
830 Granville Straet Sty   888
3200 Main Stint Fair iobs
Wast -End  Market   (Cor.  Davie  and
Oranrtlia) Sey. 0140
D. and tried to get a combination
mooting of those two camps; only
a few men showed up, the reason
for this being that a fow UaynJ
bofore they held a meeting ttt*
Camp P, to discuss the wago cut
and those that took an active part
ip that meeting; got their Urns the
next morning. The majority qt
the men attended. The slave-
driver was running around flapping his wings like a wet hen. He
volunteered tho Information thnt
if a meeting was held "HB" would
send a box-cay up and send the
bunch down, of oourse he was
running a bluff, he didn't realise
that I knew that he had as much
say about sending the crew down
as the Bull-Cook had. There are
a number of returned heroes
working in these oampa and the
Hastings Company are giving tbem
some of tha democracy that they
fought for. M. J. K.
There ls not much additional
news on the situation at Ocean
Falls, save to say that the Com
pany are doing thslr dnmdest to
fill the places of men who came
to town, they art now advertising
in the Provincial Oovernment Employment office, thinking maybe
that they will be sanctified by so
doing. The Government Employment office state that while they
are advertising the Jobs they are
not asked to supply men.
As usual the men from these
camps are willing to let George
do it, they are letting the few will
Ing ones bear the brunt of the
pickettlng; this talk of the rank
and fllo doing things for themselves is not what it ls cracked up
to be, the rank and file are still
willing to let George do it, they are
not yet weaned away from the Idea
of looking for a Moses to lead
them out of the wilderness, According to reports from men who
came down from these camps, the
company have recently made extensive purchases of logs, finding
tt cheaper to buy logs at this time
than*to produce them, thus con'
Arming the suspicion that all this
outfit are concerned with, ls establishing the principle of the ten
hcJur day. Any attempt to cut
down production under these conditions would thereforo appear to
be so much wasted effort. Judging by the efforts that the Company are making to get men to
go to these camps, they are not
finding it so easy, and those men
who are fooled into going up there
may find to their sorrow that they
have wasted their energy, only to'
make enough wages to pay theifi;
board and a return fare to a,J
steamship company.
Passport Rule Precludes
Russians Going to
United States   ,
' (By The Federated Press
New York—Travel from Russia
to the United States Is barred at
present because of the passport
rules of the American government,
says Platon M. Kergentzeff, the representative of the Soviet government at Stockholm, In A' cablegram just received by Charles
Hecht Mr. Kergentzeff also reports that travel from the United
States to Russia is atlll barred by
the Soviet Government, pending
the establishment of proper machinery to supervise the immigration of the great number of Russian
citizens who desire to return from
the United States to Soviet Russia.
Regarding the matter of travel
from Soviet Rusaia to the United
States, which has been the subject
of much misunderstanding and
misrepresentation, Mr, Kergentzeff
cables as follows:
"Emigration from Russia to
America Ib actually stopped by the
rules established at 'Washington,
requiring that all travellers should
have vises which can be secured
only at the American consulates
In the border states adjacent to
Soviet Rusaia. The diplomatic representatives of these states in
Russia, however, refuse visas for
transit travel through their respective countries unless the travellers
have previously secured American
visas. But since there are no rep
resentatlves of the American government in Russia the situation
thus created makes emigration
fejrom Russia to the United States
In other words, A Russian desiring to travel to America through
Esthonia, for instance, must have a
visa from the Esthonlan government In order to land ln America.
But the Esthonlan consulate ln
Eussia will not give him a visa unless he already haa a visa from the
American government; and he cannot secure an American visa without travelling to Esthonia. Travel
from Russia to the United States ia
thus made impossible.
About half the crew are going
down to-morrow and the balance
will follow, In all probability, on |
the next boat. The Company
figured on being through with the
present settings and closing down
outside of the Fallers and Graders,
who are, presumably going to stay.
In all probability it is to equalize
the wages here. and start a nine
or ten hour day. The old-timers
here have not been reduced since
they came up, but there are very
few of them left.
The ballots have been distributed and quite a number of them
are back at present, when the re
mainder come ln they will be sent
in in time to be counted.
Will   J.   McCulloch,   who   was
injured   at   Ikeda,   Q.   C.   I„   on
March 3rd, 1920, forward his ad-
drees to 61 Cordova St., W.
There are parcels at the District office, 61 Cordova St., W. for
the following:
William Taylor, Martin Gustaf-
son, E. J. Dlncen, C. Coleman and
G. V. Englund.
Solution for II. C. L.
Editor B, C. Federationist: Here
looks like a possible solution of
the high cost of living problem lf
only the Sun's correspondent will
come through with the necessary
In the Vancouver Sun of Aug. 9,
appears the story of a young man
in the famine area of Russia, who
paid 50,000 roubles for a small
piece of bread. In the same article
is told how an aged mother caring
for five children, walks eleven miles
each day to earn two pennies; 50,-
000 roubles—1,800,000 pennies.
The old lady therefore works 900,-
000 days to earn the price of the
small piece of bread.
One of two things ts obvious.
Either the old lady and her fl\*_
children eat mighty little bread, or
she knows how to beat the profiteer to lt. Your readers, I am sure;
would be pleused to know her set
cret. It woiiid be especially useful,
this coming winter. Yours truly,
Kamloops, Aug.  10, 1921.
Box D. Drumheller, Alta.,
August   5th,   1921.
To   the   Editor   of   the   B.   C,
Dear Sir:—
I am requested by Local Union
J993, U, M. W. A. to ask you to
Insert a warning in your paper for
men   to   stay  away   from   Drumheller.   One of the operators horo
brought twenty-one mon here and
gave them Jobs.   These men were
brought  from  the  coast,   but  we
ask the men in B. C.   not to be
fooled by such actions as there are
lots of men In Drumheller looking
for work nt the mines every day.
Some of the mines are still shut
down and most of the others are
not working full time.    There are
enough men here to fill the mines
even   if  they  were   working   full
Be warned men and stay away.
I am,
yours very truly,
J. Thompson,  Fin.  Sec,
Local 3993, U. M. W. A.
Yon may wish to help Tho Fed-
eratlonlHt. You can do so by renewing >'»""' siilMcrlptlon promptly aud
-tending In tho Hubst'rlptloti or your
friend or neighbor-
Russian Unions oa
industrial Basis
(Continued from page 1)
Natives of Samoa Are
More Oppressed
Than Ever
By Francis Ahern
(Bed.   Press  Staff  Correspondent)
Sydney, N.S.W.—Stinging criticism la leveled at the present British administration of ex-German
Samoa, which waa mandated to
New Zealand by the League of Nations. Waste and extravagance are
prediminant features of British
rule In this country. Under the
German administration at the time
of the surrender of the territory to
| the British (1914), 44 officials carried out the work of management,
had the goodwill of all people, carried out big publlo works and had
a replete treasury. Under British
rule today 140 officials are
engaged at exaggerated salaries
and allowances, public works are
neglected an.d the public treasury
Is empty.
Under British rule the customs
duties have been Increased 12 1-2
to 15 and 22 1-2 por eent. Export
duties are also levied on copra (it
per tun) and cocoa ($10 per ton),
besides licenses and taxes. The natives pay twice as much for the
privilege of living under the British flag as they did under German
Dr. Solf (tho German governor)
governed the 42,000 natives with
half the present revenue. He car-
I ried out great public works, all the
now existing public buildings,
bridges and roads, and his successor (Dr. Schults) actually had
an overflowing treasury when the
British forces captured the terrl-
! tory. He was able to pay all officials a year's salary in advance,
sunt thousands of gold and silver
marks to Pago Pago (American
1 Samoa) and destroyed many thousands of notes after taking the
numbers. ,
Today the natives have slavish
conditions, work harder for less returns, and as a consequence of the
influenza epidemic wiping ott 20
per cent, of their numbers—mostly
women—they are hard put to It to
provide food for their women and
children. The public works of the
German administrators are being
noglccted and much of the estate
lund cultivated by the Germans Is
now going back to the bush.
fhe local newspaper Js under
strict censorship. No redress can
bo secured for obvious wrongs and
should anyone speak Jn critical
, tunes of tbe prosent British administration he is liable to flnd himself suddenly pounced upon and deported from the territory as an
"agitator." In several cases this
hus actually happened.
Recently the British administrator mot the native chiefs and heard
thoir grievances. VHia reply was to
threaten the chiefs with deportation. As a result the natives are
up In arms. Instead of the usual
"presents" sent to the administrator by the native chiefs—a form of
official blackmail levied In Samoa,
ii.s Is done by the British authorities in India—no "presents" have
been forthcoming this year.
Chinese indentured workers in
the territory are being repatriated
undor tho terms of the mandate.
But the Samoans are demanding $4
per day for labor. As tho authorities state yu'.v will not pay this,
trouble la threatening.
San Francisco.—The charge of
sabotago brought against Daniel
Chfckoring and John Nickerson In
connection with tho building
trades lockout, which was "denounced by the accusod as a frame-
up on tho part of the Builders'
Exchange, has been dismissed by
Police Judge Lazarus for luck of
evidence, \
long and housing workers; leather
workers; commune iat ion workers
(telephone, poBt, telegraph,); printers; paper' makers; food workers;
building trades; sugar workers;
employes of co-operatives; tobac-[
co workers; textile workers; chemical workers; clothing trades, and
employes In taxation, finance and
central departments.
Compare these 23 closely-knit,
homogenoui Russian Industrial
unions with the 120 disjointed
criss-crossing American craft
unions and you will get an Inkling
of the degree of structural development achieved by the movements In the two countries. As
for the comparative understanding of the two movements concerning the problems they are confronted with, perhaps the less said
the better for our conceit—so far
does the American labor move-
"ment stand behind thftt of Russia
in this respeet.
The Industrial unionism prevailing In the Buasian movement
la not due to the sudden realization of a beautiful scheme worked
out in aome intellectual's study
chamber. On the contrary, It Is
the result of the every day experiences of the movement, the
culmination of a constant struct
ural evolution to meet the needs
of the workera.
To begin with the Russian trade
union movement developed many
craft union characteristics, although of course these wore not
so marked as in tho labor movements of western countries. Much
of the usual craft pride and
narrowness had to be broken
down. This was done by the Idealists, who, intensely, active ln the
unions, set .about systematically
eradicating abuses and introducing
betterments. They brought about
many amalgamations of craft nr'
ganizations Into Industrial unions
—during the congress of 1920 nine
such fusions were completed.
Those reactionary officials who
stood in the way of the movement's betterment were swept
aside and "aent down the road
talking to themselves." Nor is the
evolution yet complote. Still other
amalgamations are contemplated
to reduce the number of industrial
unions to 15 or 18 and thus to
bring about greater unity of the
How different lt all la ln the
United States^ With ua the Industrial unionists, instead of sticking
in the basio organization and fighting for the gradual realization of
the new type, pull out of them,
and, setting up some fine-spun Industrial Utopia, waste their efforts
vainly trying to attract the masses
to lt. The Industrial union Idea
will make no substantial headway
ln America until its advocates
give up their present nonsensical
separatist tactics and adopt the
horse-sense methods of the
Russians (which are also those of
the English, French and German),
by staying with the maBS organizations of the workers and Inducing
them to adopt the newer forms of
organization through the remodel.
Ing of the old ones.
Expecting to
Sign Treaties
(Continued from page 1)
bought here mainly rolling stock
and various railroad supplies. In
June, two years after we had won
recognition from England and
Germany, we requested a similar
treaty from Sweden. We pointed
out that unless the same favorable
trade conditions were accorded us
here our businoss would have to
move on."
He smilod, and one pondered tho
terrific weight of Russia's proposition. In the first place, the dependence of Sweden's Industrial
life upon a solvent purchaser—and
what other large markot has she
than Russia? In the second place
the dominance of Germany over
her political and business life,
which Impels her to follow suit In
tho matter of treaties. One city
block ln Stockholm Is enough to
show the rule of the Prussian Idea'
—In the helmeted police, the
shops, even the structure of the
"Yes, we'll no doubt get the
treaty," said Kergentzeff, "and due
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Presidont, R. W. Hatley;
secretary, J. O. Smith. MeeU Srd Wednesday oach month in tho Pender Hall,
coiner of Fender and Uow* ilreeti.
Phone  Sey.  291.
' ell—Meeta second Mondiy In Uu
month. Preildent, J. W. McConnell: see-
tetary, R. H. Neelanda. V. O. Box flfl.
need bricklayers or masons for boiler
works,    etc.,   or   marblo   tottori,   phons
Bricklayers'  Union, Lnbor Temple.
O. B. U.—President, K. Andre; secretary, W. Bervice. Meete and end 4th
Wednesday ln each month In Ponder Hall,
cor. of X'endor and Howe streeta. Phono
ley.   201.
neers, Local 810—International Union
of St emu and Operating Engineers meets
every 2nd and 4th Friday at 8 p.m., M0
Pender Street West. 0. Riley, 2034
Mahon Avenue, North Vancouver; secretary, P. Bradley. 1702 McSpadden Street,
Vancouver, B. 0.
Association, Local 8S-62—Offlce and
hall, 152 Cordova Bt. W. Meets first
tad third • Fridays. 8 p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, T. Nixon; business agent, P.
era* Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Mondays. President, J. E. Dawson, 1645 Yew
St., Kitsilano; secretary, E. T. Kelly,
1850 Hastings St. E.; recording aeeretary,
L. HoldBwortb, 580— 14th SI. W., North
UNION OF CANADA—Aa Industrial union of all workera In logging and construction camps. Coast District and General Headquarters. 01 Cordova Bt. W„ Vaaeouvor, 11. O. Phone Sey.
7866. J. M. Clarko,. treneral seoretary-
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs, Hiro,
Macdonald k Co., Vancouver, B. C.; auditors, Messrs. Buttar A Chiene, Vancouver, B. O.
Union of 'British Columbia—Meeting
night, first and third Wednesday of cacti
month nt 108 Main Street. President,
Dan .'nrlin: vice-president. J. Whiting;
Kecrcflry-treasurer, W. Donaldson, Ad-
drift', 108  Main Stnet, Vancouver, B. "p.
—Affiliated with Trad™ and Labor Council nnd Theatrical Federation, Vancouver.
President, J. R. Foster; secretary and
treasurer, Locksley Clark, P, O. Box 845.
Offlce and meeting room, 810 London
Building, Pendor Ht. W. Regular meoting night, first Sunday in each month at
7:30 p.m. Business Agont, W. Wool-
ridge,    Phono Frafler 237L.	
ralors  and 1'aperaangi.rs   of. America.
Soles Guaranteed
90 Days
.  *.       Receipt Given
Pierre Paris M W"
10,000 Watches Wanted r£__,
-U_UOH.V_.DS8T.       APPLEBY      VANOOUVBB, B. 0.
Scrap Gold, Silver, Diamonds, Wsuhes Bought—Sty. MIS
■ Solicit your patronago (or Boots, Shoos, Bedding, Furniture,
Men's and Women's Ready-to-Wear Apparel, etc., eto.
Goods delivered on flrst payment.   Balance payable as arranged.
976 22nd Ave E.       Fair. 5130
to the delicate Interrelationship of
the three Scandinavian countries
va expect to sign simultaneous
treaties with Norway and Denmark."    .   i
Russia, of course, hasn't much
to buy from Norway and Denmark
but flsh, electrical appliances and
agricultural machinery. But the
adjoining northern coasts of
Russia and Norway have from
time immemorial been a peaceful
frontier like that between the
United States and Canada. And
while Russia waits for the United
States to make an economlo alliance, every European factory must
work for her—even Czecho-Blo-
vakla Is manufacturing locomotives for Russia.
"There are two chief things that
only America can supply us," said
Kergentieff, "great quantities of
farm machinery, electrical apparatus, automobiles, shoes, clothes,
rolling stock—and second, the en-
orgy, and technique to build up
great Industries.
"Russia geographically ls Uke
America—once developed she will
be a completely self sufficing
country. But ln order to bring
about this economic Independence
we must go through a period of
borrowing business and engineering skill from the United States
and Germany.
"America should not forget that
she has as rnuch to gain from us
politically as ln a business way.
The time la already here when
Russia's aid In keeping down
Japan would be welcome, and If I
read the future correctly the
United States literally cannot do
without us aa an ally In the war
she probably, muat fight with
Japan and Great Britain,"
Every reader of Ihe Federatlonist eaa render valuable assistance by renewing their ■nbacrlp-
tlons as soon as they are due, aiid
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It does net take mock
effort to do thla.   Try it	
When through witrt this paper,
pass It on.
Local ISS, Vaneoaver—Meets 2nd snd
4th Thursdays at 148 Cordova St. W.
Phona Say. 3*91. Bnalneaa ajrent, R. A,
en Bridgemen, Derrick men and Hlfiera
of Vaneonver and vicinity. Me.-ts every
Mondiy, 6 p.m., in O. It. U. Ball, 804
Pender St, W. President, W. Tueker;
financial secretary and businoss agent, O.
Anderson.    Phone  Seymour 291,
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—UeeU A. O. F, Hall, Mount Pleasant
1st and Srd Mondaya at 10.15 a.m. and /
p.m. President, F. A, Hoover, 2409 Clarke
Drive; recording-seeretary, F- ES. Orlffln,
447—6th Avenue East; treasurer, E. B.
Cleveland; ftnanclal-steretary and business agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4308 Dum*
fries Street; ofllce eorner Trior and Main
Sts.   Phone Fair 3604R.
Moats last Sunday of each month 'at
2 p.m. President, O. H. Collier, vice-
president, E. H. Gough; secretary-
treasurer, R. K. Neelanda, Box 00.
of  the  O.   B.   U.  meets  on   the  third
Wednesday of  every month.     Everybody
B. C, meets overy Tuesday evening
at 8 p.m. In the O. B. U. Hnll, 804 Pender St. W. Secretary, E. Horsburgh, Pender Hall.
Amorica, Local No, 178—Meetinga held
(irat Monday in eaeh month, (. p.m. Preaident, A. R. Gut en by; vice-president, D.
Lawson; rocordlng aeeretary, C. lie-
Donald, P. O. Uox SOS; financial ascre-
lary, T. Tetnploton, P. O. lio*. &08.
Provincial Unions
and   Labor   Conncil—Moeta   irat   sad,
third Wednesdaya, Knight* of Pythlaal
Hall, North Park Street, al 8 p.m. PresF]
dent, C. Slvi-rti; vice-president, R. Elliott; secre I ary-treaaurer, E. S. Woodward. P. O. Boi 802, Victoria, B. O.
Council, O, B. U. Branchea: Prince
Rupert District Fisheries Board, O.B.U.;
Metalliferous Minera' District Board,
O.B.U. Sccrcary-treasurer, P. O. Box
We make Ladies' Garments
Right Here in Vanoouver
—the equal In style and smart-
nees of any offend In Canada.
Salts. Dresses, Oasts, etc.—the
latest styles—the smartest aedsls—la
au as new shsdei osssyleu liies
for your efceeslag.
, We offer theae cameau lower thaa
alMwbste eeewue we deal direct--
•liminate aU ths nlddlssui'i preflta.
OkuJc ft Salt Oo.
tot lUMM IT.. »ae_ __mai
The Oliver Rooms
■M-Tthlnc Mod-IB
Rates I-tasoaaMa 	
Kindling F*ee
Cigar Store
Guaranteed Coal
II our coal is not satisfactory to you, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
coal is ltft and charge you
nothing for what you havo
You to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phoisj aeyment 1441 aal Ml
To Buyersof Printing
Tho following Arms have established the 44-hour week In
their workshops and are therefore the only printing office*
operutitiK undor conditions which are fair to thc undersigned
l-lot-kbergcr. r. B. Sit Broadway E.
i'iuiiIiIo Printing Co.....'. Sal Cambie St.
1'iiwaa * -Irmikliouso.  U» Hone St
Crosby ft Ulsscll _J_0o Brattr St.
OiitHinuir Printers  4»7 Dunsmuir St.
Homer Printing Oo Homer St.
Morris, .). F. « Oo _ roar (1.1 Granville St.
North Short' Press North Vuneouver
Shoemaker ft - leLeau North Vancouver
Ward-Blwood, Ltd 318 Homor St.
r   _u
-■hihtmbnth teak, no. ti   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vANcouvnn, b. «•
Boys' Department—Second Floor
250 Dozen
Silk Lisle Hose
Selling-While They Last
3 Z' $1.00
This is a special purchase; an exceptional buy of fine
Silk Lisle Hose. Shapely, snug-fitting socks you would
have paid 65o a pair for a year ago. They are finely,
knitted from lustrous silk lisle, with comfortable, seamless sole snd reinforced heel and toe. They hug the
foot and do not wrinkle. White and black, and all the
wanted colors to choose from; and all sizes. This is a
good opportunity for you to stock up. Selling, while
they last, 3 pairs for Sl-OO.
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
'153 Hastings Street West
Canada's Largest Exclusive   Store for Hen and Boys
Canadian Government
Merchant Marine Ships
Wages of Seamen and Firemen Cut from $75
per month to $60 per month. All Seamen and
Firemen should see VV. Donaldson, address 108
Main Street, before accepting any work on
C. G. M. Marine ships,
Keep Away
Council of Workers
Holds Lively Meeting
(Continued from page 1)
Technical Aid for Soviet uRssIa
The Technical Aid Committee for
Boviet Russia which was recently
formed in Vancouver is slowly being whipped into shape and in the
very near future wilt be in a position to make some announcements.
Several enquiries as to requirements for entry Into Soviet Russia
kave been addressed to the Federatlonist, but we are unable to supply
the Information required, but as
■oon aa the organization of the
committee ls completed an announcement will be made through
the columns of  the   Federatlonist
and the nnme and address of  the
secretury published.
Budapest.—Elizabeth Andles, an
18-year-old student, has been sentenced by the Hungarian criminal
court to 15 years at hard labor
for distributing Communist leaflets. Two boys of 19 and 20 years,
respectively, also ' received IB
years tor the same offense. Several other students, including a
17-year-old girl, "who bad helped
in the dlHtriliutlon of the literature,
were sentenced to 10 years at.
hard  labor, '
tainlng racial antagonism between
the workers, the Japanese Labor
Association applied for affiliation
to the Int. Trades Council for the
purpose of testing them out. The
application had been referred to
the Trades Congress Convention* at
That the Economic Council are
out to raise a sum of $260,000
with which It is proposed to establish a labor camp for the purpose of handling, the unemployed
situation during the coming winter
was reported by one of the F. L.
P_ delegates.
The Marine Firemen and Oilers
delegates reported that though retaining the same name they are
becoming an industrial union, tak
ing in everyone who works on a
ship, irrespective of race, creed or
The tailors have reached a satiB
factory agreement with their em
In view of the wide spread unemployment during the coming
winter which ts already foreshadowed, the secretary was instructed to get in touch with organizations In the various centres
throughout the country, to send
them . copies of the constitution
and to ascertain as far as possible
what steps are 'beinjg token to
meet the situation.
Organizations are- also requested
to get In touch with their various
branches and request them to
assist In the forming of councils.
_____ IT, U
Drought and War Have
Brought Much
Oil   Companies
Branded as Outlaws
(Continued irom page 1)
Bitter   Denunciation   of
Those Who Preached
Hatred During War
(By The Federated Press)
New York.—(Soviet Russia has
made public the texts of appeals
cabled to America some weeks ago
by the head af the 'Othodox Greek
church ln Russia and by Maxim
Gorky. The magazine received
the messages by mail.
Addressing himself to "all hon
est people," Gorky wrote, under
date of July 18: .   .
The corn growing steppes are
smitten by crop failure, caused by
the drought. This calamity
threatens starvation to millions of
Russian peoples. Think of the
Russian people's exhaustion by
the war and revolution, which con
nlderably reduced "its reslstence to
disease and Ub physical endurance.
Gloomy days have come for the
country of Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky,
Meneleyev, Pavlov, Mussorgsky,
Glinka and other world-prized
men, and J venture to trust that
the cultured European and American people, understanding the
tragedy of the Russian people, will
immediately succor with bread
and medicines. If humanitarian
ideas and feelings-—faith In whose
social import was so shaken by
the damnable war and Its victors'
unmerclfulness toward the van
qulshed—if faith in the creative
force of these ideas and feelings,
I say, must and can b'e restored,
Russia's misfortune offers human
ltarlans a splendid opportunity to
demonstrate the vitality of human
I think particularly warm sym
pathy ln succoring the Russian
people must be shown by those
who, during the ignominious war,
so passionately preached fratricidal hatred, thereby withering the
educational efficacy of ideas: evolved by mankind in the most arduous labors and so lightly-, killed
jv   •  -iidlty and cupidity.
People who understand the
words of agonizing pain will forgive the Involuntary bitterness of
my words. I ask all honesjt European and American people for
prompt aid to the Russian people.
Give bread and medicines.
Tikhon, patriach of Moscow and
All-Russia, cabled Bishop Manning
of the Episcopal church In New
York, on July 11:
Through you I appeal to the
North American nation. Ther© Is
famine in Russia. A great part
of her population Is doomed to a
hunger death. The corn of- many
provinces, formerly the country's
granary, is now burned by
drought. The famine breeds epidemics. Most" generous aid ii
needed Immediately. All other
considerations must be cast aside.
The people are dying, the future
ls dying, because the population
is deserting homes, lands, fields,
farms and ls fleeing eastward,
crying for bread. Delay spells an
unprecedented calamity. Send immediately bread and medicines. I
and sending a similar appeal to
the English people through the
Archbishop of Canterbury.
ALL members of the O.B.U.
going to the prairies for
the harvest from Vancouver or Prince Rupert should secure job delegate credentials before leaving, nr call or write to
the nearest unit of the organization, on arrival at point at which
they will work, for supplies.
Cut out these  addresses  for
future use:
OtKur—A. Stewsrt, 408 8th St.. K.E.
Edmonton—J.   Lekeman,   9853—76th
Edmonton—E. T. Fainter,  0849 Jasper Avenue.
Hanna, Alta.—A. H. Lees.
Moose Jaw—W. McAllister. 1103—lth
Avenue, N.B.
Moose Jaw—F. T.  Navin,  Room  4,
Howden Block, Hight Street East.
Moose Jaw—J. P. O'Keefe, 1221—6th
Avenue, K.W.
Swift Current—James McEwan,   Box
Badville, Sask,—James Oowden.
Begin*—S. Eiselweln, 1940 Montreal
Begina—J. Sambrook, 1741 Boyal St.
Saskatoon—W.  Mill,  307 Avenue A,
Kamsack—J. A. Ross.
Melville—W. Thompson, Box 442.
Brandon—H. Pearce, 748— 8th St.
Brandon—D.    Mitchell.    o|o    Gavin
Broadhurst-, 667—9th St.
Dauphin—A. L. Cocking.
Readied by the North Vuneouver Route of the
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
This beauty spot Is an ideal playground. Free swings and plcnlo
tables Installed in a cool, shudy park; safe beach for paddling or
The train ride through thirteen miles of beautiful scenery,   lti
»lry and comfortable coachos, combined with the North Vancouver Ferry trip, appeals especially to the youngsters.
Refreshments and accommodation obtainable at two hotels.
REGULAR FARE—Adults, 75c RETURN; Children, from
5 to 12 years, 40c RETURN
Additional train leaves North Vancouver on WEDNESDAYS and
SATURDAYS at 7:40 p.m., at reduced rale of 50c return trip,
food only on UiIb train,   Two dancing pavilions and orchestras.
Hourly train servico on Sundays, leaving North Vancouver Depot
|0 minutes past each hour. Take Ferry from foot of-Columbia
li. venue, Vancouver, on the hour.
For further Information Phone North Van. 300
Brace's Special
Value Suits
Others at $29.50, $33.76, $37.65
C. D. Bruce
, K^jf-it/r     ,*:.!* Umited.
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
were left without food or water
supply, but with an offer of ammunition, and were told that the
Mexican government was responsible, Davison said he was informed, "when the American oil
operators shut down the wells In
a strike njgalnst paying an export tax that the British and the
independent operators paid without any trouble. One of these
British companies, by the-way, has
just declared a dividend of 60
per cent,  for  the past year.
"Thut region is one which
malaria, yellow fever, dysentery
and terrible Insect pests abound,
and where water and food ■ must j
be brought in. When the operators cut off the delivery of water
and food there was terrible suffering.
"The Mexican government sent
in trains, when the operators remained stubborn, and offered to
carry all who wanted to work on
railroad construction jobs. Now
the workers are gone and the oil
corporations will have to flnd a
new supply of labor.
Methods worthy of West Virginia or the Pittsburgh district
have been employed by the
Doheny and Rockfeller interests,
Davison discovered, to terrorize
the Mexican trade unionists and
the local Mexican officials who
favor the trade union movement.
Under prtense of a desire to keep
"American Legion boyB'' ln good
spirits, the operators were drilling
some 600 American gunmen on
their properties. The rifles had
been smuggled ln on oil ships, and
placed ln the hands of these company guards, who thereupon
assumed full power of government
over the American district.
Commissioner Slmonee of the
Mexican department of labor for
the Puerto Mexico district of the
state of Vera Cruz, was shot from
ambush when he started for the
Orizaba convention. American
oil operators are charged with
the murder and a governmental
Inquiry is now under way. Slmonee had beon active in the Interests of the oil workers. His portrait, draped in mourning, was on,
the platform of the convention,    j
Davison reports that Mexican
papers published a dispatch from
Washington, purporting to come
from the Associated Press, saying
that the American warshipB were
being sent to Tamplco to "whip
tho trade unionists Into line." This
dlapatoh aroused intense feeling
throughout tho country. When
Davison came to Tamplco he tried
In vain for several days to flnd
the American consul. That gentleman had moved htB headquarters
to one of the warships as soon aa
the vessels arrived.
President Obregon and his liber-
London.—Robert Stewart,
tlonal organizer for the Communist party In Qreat Britain, serving
a three months' Imprisonment under the emergency powers act for
a "seditious" speech, will contest
the parliamentary vacancy
Caerphilly created by the death of
the Labor member, Onions. Stewart is at present in jail about nine
miles from the center of the constituency.
Des Moines,—The Trades and
Labor Assembly has passed resolutions condemning the three American Legion men who seized Ida
Crouch Hazlett, Socialist lecturer,
and refused to permit her to
speak. The city council .and the
local Legion post were asked to
go on record condemning the
al cabinet ministers impressed
upon Daylson their desire to ^vold
any dispute with the government
of the United States, but tbey
made it clear that they would enforce the law against any old
operator of any nationality who
undertook to defy the labor laws
and the taxation laws of the republic. They propose to compel
the offending companies to pay to
their locked-out employes the 90
days' pay which ls due them under
the law.
Informed at the border that he
was to be a guest of the government, as is the custom with chambers of commerce and other business visitors Invited to Mexico,
Davison refused, saying he wanted
to see Mexico as an ordinary
traveler. His failure to accept free
entertainment, curios, excursions,
etc., delighted the radicals Id the
cabinet and outside. They hinted
that they could wish other Americans were as anxious to i really
study Mexico,
Dr. W.Lee Holder
Twelve Years' Experience.
Thousands of Satisfied Patients.
Hours:    Daily, 1-6
Mon., Wed., Frl., 1-8
Sey. 8533 .
Minneapolis Workers Say
Johnson and Governor
Minneapolis, Minn, — Hiram
Johnson, United States senator
from .California, and . Governor
William D. Stephens of the same
state, were declared to be the' real
jailors of Tom Mooney and Warren
K. Billings In communications
adopted by thousands of workers
attending a protest picnic here
Sunday demanding the release of
Mooney and Billings.
The letters were voted to be
mailed to both Senator Johnson
and. the governor of California.
"It was you who appointed
William D. Stephens lieutenant
governor of the state of California
and made possible his becoming
the governor of that state. It is
he today who has the power "to
right this grievous wrong end to
do Justice in this case by Immediately realeasiug Mooney and Billings," reads the letter to Johnson.
It says further:
"We ure well aware of the great
Influence you wield over Governor
Stephens, for it is you who are
responsible for his being the governor of California.
"We cannot help but be convinced that It is yourself and Governor Stephens who are now ln
fact the jailors" of our Innocent
brothers, Mooney and Billings, for
Governor Stephens has the power
to release them and you have the
Influence to persuade him to do
so if you care to act on the side
of justice and against the enemies
of the people.
"Citizens of Minneapolis and
Minnesota are not forgetting the
grave Injustice being done Mooney
and Billings as the great throng
here ln protest against it today
bears evidence, and we will not
forget It, and we.will not cease to
protest, agitate and act against
this despicable conspiracy of the
non-union shop advocates of San
Fruncisco until Mooney ahd Billings are freed.
"We shall continue the fight for
justice in which we hope you will
join, and if by your silence you
continue to serve tho persecutors
of Mooney and Billings as you
served them when the $ltl00 appropriated by you was used to
bribe witnesses to testify against
Mooney and Billings, then you and
Governor Stephens must stand
branded as the persecutors and
jailors of men you know to be
Innocent, and we shall use our
means of publicity to make known
to the nation what your attitude ls
in this case.
"We request that you have this
communication made a part of the
Congressional 'Record."
The letter to Governor Stephens
demands the immediate release of
Mooney and Billings, and states:
"Today thousands of Minneapolis workers are demanding that
you use your Influence to gain the
release of the innocent Mooney
and Billings, for you know as well
as we do that they are as innocent
of the crime with which they are
charged as are you and Senator
The letters are signed by the
Mooney and Billings Defense Com
mittee of the Minneapolis Trades
and Labor Assembly, under whose
auspices the protest picnic was
held In behalf of 30,000 organized
Franklin Hlnes, president of the
Trades and Labor Assembly, presided during the speaking and
addresses were made by Thomas
Van Lear, former mayor of the
city; John Mooney, Tom Mooney's
brother; Frank E. Miner, Socialist
representative In the Btate legislature, and E. G. Prlndle of the
World War Veterans.
The proceeds from the plcnlo
are to go to the support of Tom
Mooney's Monthly, which he Ib
editing from San Quentin penitentiary.
Will Use Russia's Plight
to Destroy the
San Francisco.—Andrew Furuseth, International president of the
sailors' union, recently addressed
a meeting of approximately 20,000
union marine workers at a mass
meeting ln the Civic Auditorium
here. A strong movement ls on
foot to organize the sailors on a
basis of Industrial unionism, and
Furuseth ls depended upon by
union officials to hold the men to
the old craft organizations.
Oklahoma City.—Three hundred
and forty-two cases of pellagra, a
disease caused by Improper nourishment and prevalent largely ln
the cotton states, have been reported to Dr. A. R. Lewis, state
health commissioner, from 29
counties, The reports were conveyed within 24 hours, thus making the total number of victims
ln the stato 600. Dr. Lewis has
announced hie Intention of appealing to the federal authorities.
If you want some sample coplea
of this paper for your neighbors,
call around to the office and get
Count on Hoover to Re*
peat Hungarian
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
(Washington Bureau)
Washington.—Formal    notification by Herbert Hoover to Walter
L,   Brown,   European  director   of
the American  Relief Administration, to proceed from London to
Riga to open negotiations with the
Russian   government,   for  American famine relief work ln Russia,
Is assumed here to mark the turning of the tide of American official policy toward Russia,
Thus far the American government has attacked Russia's working class republic from without.
Its attacks have resulted only in
the unification of revolutionary
Russia behind the Communist administration to defy all foreign invasions.
Now comes the great opportunity to undermine the Communists;
from within Russia, through the
distribution of food and medicines
to millions of famine sufferers
through American agents and with
a display of tho superior efficiency
of the American capitalistic organization over the Russian com*
munist organization ln meeting
this particular emergency.
It Ib not forgotten in Washington that Hoover's agents In Hungary undermined the Bela Kun regime, nor that they were equally
active ln preventing Communist
revolutions ln tbe other countries
of Central Europe. Whatever the
plans of Hoover, his following con
tains great numbers of people who
count upon him to somewhat
spring a surprise attack on the
Moscow govornment which will
destroy the only nou-capltalist regime In any considerable country
on earth.
As Bela Kun Is in Moscow and
Is ln close touch with the situation,
it may be assumed that Lenin and
Kameneff are likewise bearing in
mind the political work of
Hoover's organization, and are
preparing to see that Hoover's)
pledge to abstain from propaganda
against the Russian government Is
faithfully observed.
Vast quantities of American
foodstuffs and medicines and
clothing will now be gathered by
the American Relief Association
and shipped to Rusaia for distribution. Appeals ln tho name of,
common humanity will be Issued,
the effects of years of propaganda
of inhumanity and hatred toward
the Russians must be overcome,
and gradually the whole-hearted
American nation must be mobilized to give to save the Russian
people from a calamity which
could easily have been met had not
the United Stntes and its allies
blockaded Russian people for the
past four years.
The quick release of American
prisoners in Russia, when the request for their release took on an
official character through the
visit of Senator France and the
note from Hoover to Gorky, has
made a favorable impression ln
Washington. There is a growing
body of opinion that the resumption of trade relations with Russia
and final recognition of the
Russian Socialist Federated Soviet
republic will develop from the
better understanding which must
follow the dealings of the relief
administration with Moscow.
But there is no division of opinion on the main issue—that American capitalism will flght to the
by force or by trick and device, to destroy thc Russian experiment ln the socialization of
Industries. It will lose no opportunity to discredit and slander the
Russian system, whose success
would imperil capitalism every- '
It may be that American capitalism will feel so encouraged by
what Hoover does in this famine
relief enterprise that It will consent to commercial and political
dealings with the Russian government, through formal treaties, in
order that capitalist propaganda
may be more effectively carried to
the Russian peasants. On the other
hand, lt may be that Ub decision
will bo to avoid any further contact with Russia, hoping In this
way to force a counter-revolution,
Either decision will have as Its
basis the hatred of Industrial dem
The Best
in the City
Brown or Black, solid soles and heels, outside
counter. A shoe we can recom- dj(J /\/\
mend.  Specially priced at.... _..,._..... .....«P*J»""
Clean-up on Men's Oxfords, the pair „_.......$4.95
The Men's aad Boys' Shoe Specialists.
We Are Cleaning Up
Blue and Grey Serges, Brown Tweeds and
Worsteds, in all Models
D. K.B00K
Dope and
Dubb Phrases
The Federation of British Industries ta responsible for the report
that millions of dollars worth of
contracts are already lost to Germany and that the process is continuous. Qermany is again-pushing
England out of the foreign business
and according to the capitalist wiseacres the cause of Germany's commercial success Is the low value of
the German mark in world exchange. After the trouble England
went to In "freeing" Palestine from
the Turks, the German drummers
went ln there and took $600,000
worth of contracts away from the
British. The only.thing for the
English capitalists to do now la to
go to war again and get licked.
Victories are rather costly luxuries
aa not alone Entente capitalists
have discovered, but the legless and
armless soldiers and sailors who
got the Entente capitalists Into
their present predicament by defeating the wily Germans. It
seems evident now that the German
Surrender was another Hun plot to
capture the commerce of the world
and "goose-step" their way to world
domination. Who won the war?—
The Irish People.
You may wish to help Tlie Fcd-
eratlonlHt. You can do so by renewing your subscription promptly and
sending ln the subscription or your
friend or neighbor.
(By A. W, ln The Worker)
"If personnl gain ls abolished, there
will be no Incentive to progress.'
THIS is the longest standing of
the fallacies which are accepted by Henry without analysis.
What lt really means Ib that the
only way by which the capitalist
can satisfy his desire for personal
gain Is to provide the worker with
the knowledge that If he does not
fulfill the wishes of his master, he
will starve, and see his wife and
family starve. That Ib aome incentive'to work.
Of course, the hope of personal
gain Is dangled before the worker
also just as progress is obtained
from a donkey by dangling a carrot
at his nose, but the worker never
touches it by working. It is only
by becoming a merchant or employer, and picking other people's
brains and labor that personal
gain ls obtainable.
Those who follow this "dope"
phrase no doubt occasionally need
a doctor, whom they will pay only
while they remain sick, and stop
paying immediately they are cured.
If he advises them to have their
appendix removed they will pay two
doctors, and the more cutting and
scraping of the Internals the due
tora advise the more they receive
In payment. So If doctors are only
actuated by personal gain, you'd
be better to adopt the old kingly
method of chopping off their heads
if they did not euro you. G. B. S.
deals at length with this aspect in
the "Doctor's Dilemma."
The editor has frequently pointed
out great world genlusos who died
In poverty, and at the present day
the leading scientists have been
compelled to organize themselves
Into a union to resist exploitation
by the social parasites. I know of
one professor of astronomy who
does his lecturing work, rushes
back to his observatory, works
constantly on improvements in the
mechanism of sldereul and other
clocks, and on the perfection of
our knowledge of,the heavens. His
predecessor had to have a subscription given him to enable him to
live. Then our own acquaintances,
who are "conscientious objectors,"
who work for their employer with
an energy and eagerness unequalled
ln any field of labor, do they do it
for personal gain? Assuredly not!
They do it from a mistaken ideal
and a betraying education, which
leads them to believe they work for
the community's welfare "white it is
only for a selfish hanger-on.
Then the crowning example to
the He is the opportunity which Ib
at preBent denied to nenrly two mil-,
lion people of working at all.
Personal gain Ib the curse >
humanity. The only thing won
working for Is social gain, and thi
necessitates purging the body s<
olal of its parasites and ftseasc
so that Its members may work fi
Its health without seeing 1
strength sapped from it by thei
malignant growths.
Tlie greatest assistance that tl
readers of Tho Federatlonist oe
render us at this time, Is by secui
Ing a new subscriber. By doing s
you .Spread the news of tho worl
Ing class movement and assist i
Dental Plates
a Specialty
Orowna, Bridges and Fillinga made
the aame shade sa yeur natural
taath.   ~
Dr. Gordon Campbel
! Dental Art Establishment
Corner Robson
Over Owl Drug Store,   Sey, BSSf
Bring your work to a toPTnotchij
250 KINGSWAY (Oor. Broadwa'
Labor and Socialist
can be obtained at        .'
The International
Book Shop
Oor, Hustings find Columbia |
Mall Orders Promptly      i
Attended to I
Seattle Union Record carried
Largest Men's Store in the West
$30 is tKe Price
bf this Suit now—
Our Line of Navy Blue
Serges which sold
last year at $50.
Absolutely fast colors—dependable in materials, distinctive in
style. A rare value
now at	
We are also clearing out a big assortment of Forbes
Worsted Suite—lu all thc season's latest styles and
patterns—at a big reduction.
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Baek"
Wm. DICK Ltd.
454749 Hastings Street East


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