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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 15, 1920

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Wants Information and
Is Told How to
Get It
Secretary Midgley Slaps
Dept. for Circulation
of Falsehoods '
In spite of tha mis-information
that tha department of Ubor hu
circulated regarding th* O. B. U.,
Secretary Mldgley hai htta requeued to aupply that department
with a copy of the report of the
reoent oonvention at Port Arthur.
The correspondence exchanged ln
thl* matter reads aa followa:
Sear Hr. Mldgley,
I undentand from newipaper
atatementa that the One Big Union
held a convention in Port Arthur
laet week. I would be pleased to
receive from you for department
al records a copy of the report of
the proceedings should there be
any printed copies available tor distribution.
Thanking you In advance for
what you- may be able to supply,
I am,
Youn truly,
(Signed)      FRANK I. PLANT,
For the Deputy Minister of Labor,
Frank J. Plant, Esq.,
Sept. of Labor,
Dear Sir,
With reference to your communication of September 29th, asking
for.a oopy of the recent O. B. TJ;
convention proceedings. After our
flnt convention, held last January
at Winnipeg, I forwarded you an
accurate copy of the proceedings bf
I that convention and have alao sent
you further Information dealing
with the One Big Unton from time
; to time. W* hav* never at any time
refused to supply your department
with information relating to th* 0.
B. U. but despite the fact that you
had authentic Information on your
Ilia* (some of whloh was published
.la the ninth annual report oiv labor
organlutlon in Canada) In Auguat
•f this year, a publication waa Issued by your department entitled
"Information respecting the Russian Soviet System and Its propaganda In North America," whloh
sontalns, aa you ar* aware, false
statements concerning thla organisation.
Under these elrcumstances we
cannot see what good purpose can
b* achieved by sending you any
further Information or records of
this organisation, as your department hu either Ignored the Information we have previously supplied
or else hu used the Information
for the purpose of deliberately misrepresenting this organisation.
Tour department can therefore
obtain ita Information concerning
the recent O. B. U. oonvention
through the seoret police with
which the present government ls so
plentifully supplied or your department can again obtain the services
of the person who wrote the above
mentioned fiction entitled "Information respecting the Russian Soviet System and' Ita propagnada ln
North America,"-
Toun sincerely,
(Signed)        V. R. MIDOLET.
Miners Decide To Withhold Trade
From MerchantB Who Did
Not Advertise,
(By The Federated Press)
WILKESON, Wash.—By unanimous vote of the miners' union
here to withhold their trade from
any looal merchant who refused
to advertise in the labor press.
This action followed a talk by
Nanthan P. Blroh, advertising soll-
oltor for the Taeoma, Wuh., edition of the Seattle Union Record.
When copies of the mlnen* resolution was presented to the buslneas men the following day the
merchants without a single exception signed contracts amounting to
several thousand dollars.
New Tork palntera hav* secured
a 110 a day scale.
Chicago Socialists to Aid
Political Prisoners
With Concert
Chicago. — Socialists ot Cook
county, In which Chicago Is located, will express their love tor Debs
and political prisoners and for Rus.
sia In a conoert which will take
plaoe October IT.
Madame Sonla Etrandan, Russian
dramatlo soprano, will Interpret
the aspirations ot Russian paasants
and worken through her songs.
Joseph Malkin, flrat cellist of the
Chicago Symphony Orchestra, who
wu the most popular cellist In
Odeasa, will play.
Molssay* Boguslawskl, th* talented Russian piano virtuoso will
lnolude in his selections a concerto
of Rachmaninoff. Carl Haessler,
conscientious objector, reoently liberated from Alcatras prison, will
be the only speaker.
Injunctions  and Million
Dollars With Evictions
Being Used
Influx of Surplus Labor
in the Drumheller
(Special to The Federatlonist)
The thirteen injunctions Issued
on the advice ef the United Mine
Worken of America by the ooal
operaton against "one big union
men, th* million dollars which the
Indianapolis organization' declares
it hu with which to beat the O.
B. U. In Western Canada, the assurance by the Oovernment of
Canada that regardless of cost the
ooal mlnen of the' west must be
forced Into allegiance with the so-
called International; organisation
and Anally the notices of eviction
from company houses which are
being served at a number of collerles upon O. B. U. men who have
famlllee are' all combining to give
the capitalist papers another opportunity of gloating over the
corps* of the O. B, U..
Fernle, Michel and Nordegg, the
three largest camps In the district
are at the time this wire Is being
aent still out one hundred per cent
In other parts, however, the pres
sure ls having Its effeot and the
Drumheller Valley district, whero
the strike started, and In whloh
Qldeon Robertson spent several
days instructing the opposition, Is
having an Influx of "surplus labor."
Blairmore, Bellevue, Hillcrest and
Coleman in the Crow's Nest hnve
been carefully "protected" for
(Continued on page 8)
Thousands of Lithuanians Leaving America
for Europe
(By Nate li. Welch, Staff Correspondent for the Federated
Escape from the land of the free
has begun ln earnest. Thousands
of Lithuanians are leaving Michigan hy way of Canada and thousands more are scheduled to g,o as
soon at transportation facilities are
"We have had enough of Palner
and are glad to go," said one Of
the deportees. "We are tired of
persecution and heresy hunting In
your free America. We are going
back home where we will have opportunity to speak, think and work
as we will without Interference by
stupid officialdom.
"We Were good oltlsous while wo
were oontent to work at low wages
and under wretched conditions ln
Gary's hell-holes and digging ooal
In the mines of Pennsylvania. But
we became undesirables and dangerous aliens as soon as we began
to demand American standards of
living. We are through with lt for
Bight hundred men left Wednesday on the Grand Trunk, bound for
Montreal from where the ocean
steamer Canada will oarry them to
Hamburg. From Hamburg they
will travel by rail to Berlin and
from there to their homeland, Lithuania. Close to a thousand left
last week by the same route. Fifteen hundred applications are ln
for the next boat.
Most of the men are skilled mechanics from Detroit automobile
and machine shops. Their families
are going with them.
Lumber Workers Favor
Industrial Form by a
Small Majority
Indications Pointing to a
Slump in Logging
' Industry
By a small majority the coast
district membership decided against
the proposal to withdraw from tho
Industrial headquarter! and link
up direct with the O. B. U. headquarters. At the same time the
coast membership vote in the general oonvention referendum recorded an emphatlo majority of 1167
in favor of forming the organization Into a department consisting'
of Lumber, Camp and Agricultural
Workert. Undoubtedly the reoent
happenings at the Port Arthur
oonvention would have had considerable Influence on these votes nad
it taken place before the taking of
the referenda, for the very prlncl'
pies embodied in the questions
upon which the votes were taken
were Identical with those involved
In the dispute, despite the superficial question of arrears of per
A further opportunity will at
once be given the entire membership to register their wishes on this
question, for' a referendum Is being issued asking If they endorse
or condemn the action of the delegates who withdrew, from the convention.
It Is to be hoped that the membership will get down to a full discussion of the real principles. Involved, so that in the final result
the vote will be emphatlo and
finally dispose of thla dissension
breeding discussion.
For coast district executive, the
following were elected: Malcolm
George, Joe Grace, Charles Linder,
W. H. Watson, and J, M. Clarke,
' In the general convention proceedings referenda all questions
carried, Carl fit. Berg being elected to the vacancy on the executive.
The indications are there is likely
to be a shortening ln the recent
boom in the lumber Industry and
many employers whose abnormal
profits caused them to tolerate the
organization rather than risk dls
ruptlon in the flow of revenue, will
now welcome and seize upon the
opportunity of reverting to the old
time degrading conditions which
earned for the logger the term
"Lumber beast" The immediate
effects may appear to favor the
boss and to be detrimental to the
organization, but this will only be
on the surface for nothing educates
a worker more quickly and thoroughly to a realization of the value
of a strong organization than to see
conditions once enjoyed,- lost
through hts own weakness. It Is
safe to eay there will be fower oard
packers and more union men six
months hence than there are at
the present time. What la more
Important is this will come about
through a fuller' understanding of
the economic factors operating in
society and a realization that
emancipation is only possible by a
knowledge of these forces, and the
formation of the right kind of
workers' organization, built on tho
Job, controlled on the job, and conforming to the needs of the Job,
embodying the spirit of solidarity
without which eternal dissension
Inevitably creep In.
"Those who the gods, would destroy, they first make mad," and
It would appear* that the capitalist
class, gorged with war and reconstruction profits and maddened
with power which they have for
years so ruthlessly exercised, are
being urged to destruction by their
Insatiable greed and blind Ignorance. Through the door of the
"open shop" and all that lt Implies
lies, first, chaos, and finally emancipation. Let those who fear the
future shun the "open shop." The
worker has nothing to lose but his
chains and a world to gain—what
then, has he to fear?
Powerful    International
Labor News Gathering Organization
(Cable to Federated Press)
Berlin, Germany—A!   Federated
Press of Germany haa oome Into
being.   Backed  by  the  powerful
trade unlona and representing all
the working olass groupa of Gar-
many, tha co-operative news gath*
ertng and distributing organisation
of labor was launched nt a- conference here of men and, women pro- .,
mlnent ln the German.labor move-1 '
mont.   Eduard Bernstein, Socialist '
member of tho Reichstag, presided.
Edward X Costello, managing
editor of The Federated Pres* of
the United States, who haa been In
Europe for some time and has conferred with labor journalists in
Norway, Denmark and Great Bri-.
tain, as well as In Germany, announced that The Federated Press
will open a Berlin bureau Immediately for the dissemination of
North 'American and Australian
news in Central Europe and for
the relaying to the United Statea of
news from middle Europe.
An Internationale of editors of
labor papers is to be organized at
a conference of the Federated labor
press services of the United Statos.
Germany, England, Norway ahd
other countries which will: take
place early next spring, probably
at Chrfstlanla, Norway.
Rosta, the news agency' of the
Russian newspapers, Is expected to
link up with the labor-press organizations of the western world.
vf The Federated Labor party has
Arranged for a protest meeting to
•be held In the party r'ooms on Saturday evening at 8 o'clock. The
rooms are situate at 14$ Cordova
street west.
Just to remind you that it only
costs 10 cents to get "Behind the
Bars" from this office. J'
Bo suro to notify the post offlce
as soon as you change your address.
AT 8 P.M.
Speaker: J. S. WOODSWORTH.  Discussion Invited
ll. S. Statistics Show Distinct Downward Trend
in Wages
(By the Federated Press.)
Now, Tork—A distinct downward
trend ln wages Is noted by the bureau of. statistics of the state Industrial commission, ln a study
made from 1,648 manufacturers'
reports, covering nearly 600,000
factory workers.
In spite of the steady increase in
the cost of living, the Investigators
found that there was nothing to
Indicate a future increase ln wages.
Instead,, they noted a definite tendency to part-time work and to
laying ofl.
Industrial Solidarity Favored and Interchange
of Union Cards
(By Ben Blumenburg, Special Correspondent for the Federated,
Cleveland, O.—The best attended
convention In the history, of the/
United Automobile, Aircraft and
Vehicle WorkerB, has just been
concluded. In addition to .passing
resolutions favoring the Immediate
release of all political prisoners
and denouncing the blockade of
Russia, endorsement was given to
tho co-operative movement and
steps wer,e taken for the formation
oT a women's auxiliary.
The delegates, without exception,
wore on the Job all the time during the seven days of the conven-,.
tlon. Roll calls disclosed no absentees, In fact lt would be difficult
to flnd a, more alert and conscientious body of workers than those
In attendance at the Auto#Work-
ers' convention.
Seventy-five resolutions came before tho resolutions committee,,
dealing with a wide range of subjects.
Interchange of Cards
A proposal for the transfer or
Interchange of membership cards
between the Auto Workors and
other unions was carried unanimously. This action, as some of
the delegates pointed out, was a
demonstration of the kind of solidarity that an Industrial union believes ln.
One of the steps taken by the
convention which may become historical, was the selection of a com-!
mittee to bring about, lf possible,
closer relations with the large and
growing number of Independent
unions in the United States. Tho
discussions Indicated that the autd
workers are keenly alive to the Important part being played ln the labor movement by the Amalgamated Clothing Workers, the Yardmen's Union, the Brotherhood of
Metal Workers, the Millinery
Workers and other organizations.','
Shop Unit System
President W. A. Logan's roport
reviewed the remarkable development 'he organization has had in
the past two years. The greatest
step forward, he said, has been
taken ln Detroit where the shop
unit or group system ls working
successfully. There is one committeeman for every 10 workers employed. These committees comprise
what Is known as the board of administration which ls the governing body of the local, The Auto
Workers union was the flrst labor
organisation In . this country to
adopt this plan. Other cities aro
adopting It with some modifications.
Van. Shipyard Workers'
Agreement Not Yet
I Pipe fitter, in the Vanoouver
shipyards are Mill on etrlke and
standing pat for ■ their demands.
pTheir ranke are still solid and no
iilpe fitting Is helng dona on the
Boats. The Plumbers and Steam
Fitters' Union Is not asking for the
help of either orafts, but has signified Its wish to be left alone to
tight out the battle with the firms
Involved . The men are of the opinion that they have the situation
welt enough In hand to force the
acceptance of thetr scale.
i In the meantime the rest of the
Shipbuilding trades have the subject of the new agreement still under consideration. There Is every
possibility of a concllllatlon board
getting on the job In the near
futur'e. The unions are not working under any agreement, the old
*he having expired without any
new one having been agreed upon.
> Owing to the sale of tho Vancouver Labor Temple, the offices of
ihe Federatlonist have been moved
to Rooms 1 and t, Victoria Block,
812 Pender Street West. .Correspondents are requested to make
note of tills.
; Hand the Fed. to your shopmate
when you are through with It.
Situation in Mining Industry so Acute That
j Miners Took Action
Italian miners are now getting
<fontrol of the mining Industry of
Italy. Since the ending of the war
profiteering hag ran high, miners
Were exploited to the limit and because of the military law, miners
Jell an easy victim to tho exploiters.
.The state was unwilling or Incapable to interfere and; finally the
miners tool: the situation into their
own hands. Briefly these are their
(a) They have organized a
strong local union in every mining
locnl ity.
, (b) They have federated their
loyl unions ln a National Miners'
(c) They have created in various localities, and are about to create In overy mining district, co-operative societies for the assumption
of the mines; I.e., local Guilds to
conduct the mining industry.
.(d) They have created a Na-
tonal Guild in the mining Industry.
„ (e) Through their parliamentary representatives they have presented a bill for the immediate nationalization of all unopened (potential) mines, for the nationalization of especially those existing
mining enterprises that, technically
and commercially, do not meet the
requirements ot modern mining
and the interests of the community,
and their turning over to the Na-
tlpnal Mining Guild, which will
manage them directly or through
the local guilds, under stnte control. Lastly the bill asks for the
financing of mining guilds by cheap
credit opened by the state.
The argument upon which the
miners base their clnlm for guild
management of tiic mines is that
through such a method all motives
for profiteering would be eliminated; that the miners would manage
their Industry more rationally, and
sell the lignite to the consumers at
much lower prices than those enforced by private mine owners. At
the same time the miners could
better their own salaries and working conditions.
The movement Ib In full swing,
and is backed hy tho General Confederation of Labor and the Socialist Parliamentary Group. The
unions have already won everywhere better working conditions,
And through their guilds they have
already assumed the management
of various mine!?.
The National Mining Guild, working, of course, In unison with the
Miners Federation, directs tho
whole movement, negotiating, with
the government and the Stute
hanks, and working that the aforementioned bill should become law.
What about renewing your sub.V
Disease and Famine Will
Tend to Wipe Out
.  Thousands
Capitalist System Working Out Ita Horrors
in Europe
(By Max Worth, European Btaff
Correspondent for the Federated
Paris.—The dominant feeling ln
central Europe seems to be one of
despair. The people cannot Imagine anything worse than they have
at present, and so they are willing
to try almost anything hew, anything that promises them bread
and coal.
For them the winter will be a
terrible one, with typhus on the increase, with cholera, with smallpox, with Impossibly high prices,
with a shortage of materials of
every description and therefore
with the certainty that in the
course of the next six months, hundreds of thousands if not millions
must perish for lack of food, fuel,
clothing and proper shelter.
Money Useless
These people do not need money.
It Is useless. They need things to
eat; things to wear and fuel. The
situation seems to be, at its best ln
Czecho-Slovakla, and at its worst
ln Austria. Everywhere, the peasants are relatively well off. The
city worker is the chief sufferer.
Economically, Russia is in a bad
way, but the attitude of mind there
ls very different from that ln central Europe. The Russians feol
themselves to be the pioneers of a
new order of society. They are suffering, but they are willing to suffer because they see better times
The Russian people who think
■are absorbed in the creation and
Ihe contemplation of a great now
world concept. They are enthused
by It. They are profoundly convinced of its reality. Again It Is the
city workers and not the peasants
who are the chief sufferers.        ,
So much for the outcast nations
—thoBff that raised their hands
agalnBt the existing economic order.
They have meted out to them a
punishment more terrible than any
of which modern history bears record; a punishment that augments
itself as the economic shortages become .more acute; a punishment
that starves children and murders
old people with tuberculosis, typhus
and cholera.
The economic situation Is better
in western Europe—better, that is,
by contrast. With unemployment
rife In all the countries that are
dependent on her for coal; with
food going to famine prices; with
the housing situation so acute that
in the larger cities the poor are ln
some cases unable to flnd any shelter; wtth building almost at a
standstill; with the impossible and
fluctuating rate of exchange that
makes lt difficult to carry on business transactions, ft seems strange
to describe the situation as *'bet-
ter," and yet It Is clyslnn ln comparison with the situation in eastern Europe.
Been Given Outlet
No one seems to know, as yet,
how far the revolution has gone In
Italy, but one thing seems certain,
and that is that the revolutionary
spirit, which has been bo rife In
Italy during the past fow months,
has at last been given an outlet in
the direction of factory and of industrial control.
France remains,, what she has
been described as "the mad dog" of
European re-action. For six years,
the imperlnlint policy of tho French
ruling class has dominated the politics of Europe. It was French policy that wrote the refusals to Germany's overtures ln 1B17; it was
French policy thnt wrote the
Treaty; It waa Fronch policy thnt
financed Yudenltch, Kolchnk and
Denekln. It was French policy that
recognized Wrangle.
There are two dominant policies
(Continued on page 5)
Become   Socialist  aid   Now   His
Friends Believe He Has Het
With Foul Play
(London Herald Cable).
London. — Karolyi, former premier of Hungary, has disappeared
from Prague and his friends are
greatly concerned as to his well-being. Repeated attempts have been
made to assassinate or kidnap him]
He is now a Socialist and has renounced his great landed estates.
A week ago the Herald correspondent Interviewed him in the little
room ln a back street of Prague
where ha Is living on the verge of
Patronize Fed Advertiser*.
C. P. R. Agencies Have
the Situation to Their
Vancouver Flooded With
New Arrivals From
The big wave Of unemployment
has now hit Britiah Columbia. This
is to a large extent due to the regular and persistent propaganda of
the C. P. R. and its aid, the government. The glories and industrial
possibilities of Canada, as a whole,
and B. C. tn particular, has been
spread broadcast throughout the
British Isles. European countries
and America, and at the present
time there is a constant stream of
emigrants flowing into B. C. to the
detriment of old residents.
With the labor market In the
United States overcrowded many
months ago, all the big cities of
Eastern Canada with on ever Increasing army of unemployed looking with longing eyea to the west,
with the farmer* and homesteader
of the prairies, having finished his
season's work and travelling weat
to work during the winter months
to obtain a stake for new opertlons
on the land ln the spring, there ls
every possibility of an acute situation being developed within the
next few months.
Farmers as Mechanics.
Every train and boat is bringing
In its quota to swell the ranks.
Even farmers who have mode
plenty of money on their crops
are to be found In the city, offering their' services at below the
(Continued on page 8)
London—Robert Smillie, president of the British Miners Federation, advises the miners to accept
the owners' proposals as a temporary settlement for a few months.
But the current of sentiment
among the rank and lllo of the
workers Is running strongly toward
rejection of the coal operators proposals. Protest strikes are petering out.
Meetings m O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Sunday Evening Meeting.
WEDNESDAY—Trades and Labor Council.
THUBSDAY-Plasterers' Helpers.
PBIDAY—Yemen's Auxiliary O. B. U.
Clynes Says War Profits
Should Be Taken to
Pay Debt
The British Trades Union Con
gress at Portsmouth went on record In favor of the confiscation of
war profts aB a means of paying
tho war-debt and tho war Intorest. J. R. Clynes, M. P., tn moving the resolution, called attention
to the fact that the private wealth
of the 340,000 British citlsens
whoso fortunes exceeded 6,000
pounds sterling has incroesed, during tho war period, by more than
ten billions of dollara.
"To win the war," said Clynes,
"lives were not loaned; thoy were
taken. To win the peace of mind
of the people of these Islands
wealth should also be token!"
The statement was received with
cheers, and a moment later the resolution went through unanimously,
declaring "that this congress condemns the failure to acquire the
war-wealth, and declares lhat conditions of national finance, taxation
and prices reuulr* an Immediate
capital levy.
Gov't Issued Orders for
Irish Raids Says
(London Herald Cable by W. N,
Ewer, for Federated Press)
London—Further proof that the
policy of terrorism pursued by
British troops and officials in Ireland is sanctioned by the government Is offered in the current Issue
of the Dublin Watchword, Irish
lubor organ.
Watchword publishes excerpts
from tho secret Weekly Intelli
gence officially distributed to the
troops in Ireland. The Intelligence
says, "the action of tho government In the case of the Lord Mayor
of Cork and other Bolsheviks has
caused keen satisfaction among the
Irish police. The general effect of
death from the hunger strike would
be very good."
The Intelligence also refers to
the desirability of making a breach
between the Sinn Fein and the
Transport Workers, the Irish labor
organization formed by James Larkin and Connolly,
Arthur Henderson, labor leader
formerly a member of tho British
cabinet, has Issued a statement declaring Sinn Fein to be the de
facto government of Irelnnd. He
declares thnt the status of Ireland
must bc left to the free choice if
Irishmen without compulsion from
the outside. Withdrawal of the
British forces nnd calling of a constituent assembly Is alao demanded
by Henderson.
Dr. Sun Yet Sen Says Pa-
Key of Oppression by
Japan to Be Fought
Morgan Interests Appear
to Be Helping Japs to
Crush China
<py the Federated Press.)
NBW TORK. — That American
business Interests are using Japanese money and Intrigue to exaggerate political disturbances in China?
Is tho accusation made In a letter
wrtten by Dr. Sun Yat Sen, hero
of the 1911 revolution, to the Japanese minister of war. The letter
aays, in part:
"I am muoh grieved over the future of China and the future of tha
peace of the Par Bast. The anti-
Japanese feeling of the Chinese la
Increasing dally. The original
cause, of course, la the policy of
Japan of oppressing the Chinese
and In opposing their democratic
aspirations. Chinese consider Japanese hostile to the democratic
form of government. If your coun*
try continues to dujturb China, this
feeling of antagonism will Increase
and will manifest tself, not only in ,
the form of boycott, but in greater disasters,"
In the consortium loan, engineered by Thomas W. Lamont, of
J. P. Morgan and company, It Is ;
specifically agreed that none of the
signatories would Intervene politically or financially In China. Americans here are generally convinced
of the truth of the charge that Mr.
Lamont had scarcely returned
when Japan lent 18,000,000 and
ammunition to Tuan-Chl-Jul, mating him victorious.
The Women's Guild to the Cooperative Society will hold an Educational meeting on Thursday,
October 21 at 8 p.m. In the new F.
t. P. Hall, 148 Cordova-street west,
near Cambie. Mr. Jack Kavanagh
will address this meeting on cooperation and Its value to tha
A hearty Invitation Is extended
to everyone Interested in the co.
operative movement.
The Women's Labor Group will
hold a publio meeting ln the- new
P. V. P. Hall, 148 Cordova street
West (near Cambie) on Saturday,
October 16, at 7.30. Mn. Rose
Henderson and Mrs. J.' 8. Woods-
worth will be the speakers for the
evening. Subject, will women
make better nation builders than
men? A hearty invitation Is extended to all women Interested In
this movement. For further Information phone, secretary, Bay.
Don't forget the' Defense whist
drive and dnnee In the Dominion
Hall (to-nlglit) Friday, good prlzct*
fnr whist. Admission, gents, 60c.;
Indies, 26c,
The carpenters fat Glacier walked out on Tuesday, The matter ln
dispute Ib one of wages, the men
demanded $7.25 per day of 8 hours,
and thoy were receiving 87 He.
and a nine hour day. Forty men
ceased work, Including members of
the O. B. U. the International unton
and non-union men.
More than 6,000 oil workers In
Southern California oil fields have
secured an Increase of 76 cents a
Melbourne Trades Council Discards Old Strike
(By the Federated PrasA)
Sydney, N. S. W. — The Melbourne Trades and Labor Council
Is taking steps to establish what
will be known as a union's strike
fund. The purpose is to help Unionists who have been compelled to
strike to secure Justice. It being
agreed thut whatever union strikes
to securo bettor conditions, all
other unions are Indirectly benefitted.
It is ptanned to raise 1260,000 as
a fund to start with. The Austral-
Ian workers are beginning to realize that the old method of trying
to starve out the boss by flrst starving themselves ls not much use,
and that flnanclal assistance la
needed before strikes can be
thought of ln the future.
Defense Committee Meeting
B. C. Defense Committee
Tuesday, Oct. 19, at 8p.m.
Important BusinesB Will Be Transacted tAGE TWO
Tremendous reductions on this entire $110,000
stock of Men's High-Grade Clothes and Furnishings. This is your best opportunity to buy
a winter outfit and save big money;
The Stores of Plenty and Free Delivery
Canterbury Lamb Stew, Ib...—80s
Canterbury    Lamb    Shoulilen,
per ft -26 Wc
-   * • —  ib sfio
Canterbury Lamb Lolm,
Canterbury Lamb Lege, '
Slater'a Sliced Streaky Baeon, ft. BOo
Slater'a Sliced Streaky Bacon, ft. 56o
Slater'a Sliced Streaky Bacon, ft. 60e
Slater'a Siloed Ayrahlra,  ft 600
Slater'a Siloed Ay rehire,  ft 46a
Ho. 1 Pot Roasts from, per ft 18i
No. 1 Oven Roaata from, Ib...—...SOe
No. 1 Boiling Bnc-f from, per Ib....l8i
No. 1 Boneleaa Stew Beef, ft Sle
Ayrahlra Baoon Special .
Hare yoa triad our Famoua Ayrahlra Baok Baooa t If not, try it
thia week-end. Keg. SOo ft ilioed.
Friday and Saturday special, ill-
ceil, per lb 60o
We will put on sale on Friday and
Saturday, 200 of our Famoua Pork
Shouldera, weighing from A to 8
lbs. Regular ft. 89c. Special,
while they last, ft SSVfrC
Finest Rout Beef Dripping,  ft. 85s
Fineit Beef Fat, par ft. « lie
Fineat Part Lard, 2 ft a. for lie
Rolled Boaat Special
No. 1 Steer Roiled Roaata, any weight,
cut.   Regular ft. SSo.    Special per
ft. at  tty_a
From 8 a.m.  to  11 a.m., we will
sell our Famoaa Picnic Hams.   Re*
gular 35c  ft.    Saturday Special,
per  ft 28ftc
Grocery Department
Bhaker Salt .
Blrd'a  Custard Powder,
Slater'a Special ea, ft 46«
Finest Highland  Spuda,  Friday and
Saturday only.    Special,  sauk,  $2.25
On Saturday wa will sell Burn'* Fa-
mons Carnation Compound Lard. Re*
gular SOo ft.   Special per ft—..SSe
8 ft a. in ..  tto
From I a.m. to 11 A.m., we will
sell oor Famous Alberta Creamery
Butter.    Reg. 66e  ft.    Saturday
Speeial, per  ft. _  63c
Butter la golag to be dearer.
Baal Local Lamb
Hind Quarters Local Lamb,   foe*
olal, per ft  *9Vte
B. C. Freak Egge, doien..... Wt
Alberta Freak Egga, doien _.„......75e
Flnoit Canadian Chceot, ft. .........490
Flnut Peanut Buttor. ft. .886
B. O. Cream Cheoot, pkt «... SOo
Port and Betna, S for 88c
Pkone Soy. 8888
Phono Bor* 86ft
Phono Fair. 1IM
Onr brothers and sisters there need immediate Medical Aid. Mafl your contribution at
once. If you are willing to help, write the Secretary for a subscription list
Secretary, Medical Relief Committee for Soviet Russia ahd Soviet Ukraine!
Box 3591, Postal Station B.,
Enclosed please find the sum of	
..Dollars towards purchase of
Medical Supplies for Soviet Russia and Soviet
The  Edmonton Building
Trades Unit Voices
The Building Tradea Unit ol! the
Edmonton O. B. U. At the laat regular meeting passed the following
resolution, which la self explanatory:
ln view of the condltlins that
have been wilfully forced on the O.
B. U. ln the city of Edmonton, X
move you, Mr. Chairman and
That Whereas, owing to the lack
of organization work that was done
by the Central Council, and the
methods that were adopted by the
council to keep units who believe
in a- rank and, flle organization,
from becoming strong enough to
menace the interests of those who
consider that a machine dictatorship ls necessary to the organization. The Transportation Worksrs
Unit of the Grand Trunk and the
Canadian National Railways, and
the Building Trades Unit of Edmonton, did, at the expressed wish of
and with the approval of the rank
and flle of the said, unite form an
organizing committee to carry out
propaganda and organise the workers following the ocoupatlons represented by these two units.
And' that the Edmonton Central
Council did use every means within lte power to handicap the organizing oommlttee from organizing the workeri and did, as far as
possible Interfere with the spreading of propaganda in proof of
whloh I submit the following facts:
On the night of Oot. the 1st Carl
E, Berg and other members ot the
Central Council, at a publlo meeting in the Imperial Theatre, Edmonton, forced a discussion of the
representation of the Lumber
Workers' Industrial Union at the
Port Arthur convention of the One
Big Union.     J
This question was at that time
unknown to the rank and file of
the O. B. U. as the Credential committee's report had not been published, nor the convention proceed'
ings submitted to the rank and flle
for their approval.
On gaining the platform Berg
brought the O. B. U. Into disrepute
before the workeri of Edmonton
by making accusations, whioh although unsubstantiated, were never
the less calculated to undermine
the workers faith In the One Big
Two signlflcant facts are connected with this meeting. The Mayor
of the city, Joe. Clarke, arrived accompanied by a policeman after
the meeting had commenced, and
aaked me tf It was Midgley that
waa speaking, and whan I aald, no
it waa Jos Naylor of the- Mlnen,
and that Midgley waa next he said,
"Good, then Berg haa not started
tha fun yet
Berg alao *otX tha place where
he had been sitting and' moved
over beside the mayor tn spite of
tho fact that tha mayor ta police
commissioner and a member of tha
Board of Trada Neither of which
offlcaa ara working claaa institutions, and then inconsistently
stated that the O. B. U. had lowered itself Into polltld Instead of
staying with tha original policy of
direct acton.
In contradctlon of hla remarks
at the above meeting where he
stated that the Loggers had not
withdrawn from tha O. B. U. but
were going to be the O. B. U. and
that ha had taken down his O. B.
U. button and was not going to
take any part In tha O. B. U. but
only work for the L. W. I. U. he
acted next day at the mooting of
the Edmonton Central Council ln
his position of aeeretary of the
Tills meeting moved to accept
the report of lta delegate Carl E.
Berg and to endorse hla action ln
leaving the convention. Delegate
Coombs protested against this
action on the grounds that It waa
WUDAT  Ootober 11, 114
Hard Times Are Coming!
Jobs Will Be Scarce!
Taxes Will Go Up!
Prices Will Rise!
Money Will Be Short!
Your Liberty Will Be Gone!
BONE DRY rule has nothing to recommend it except theories
and the mistaken idea that it will help the people. Look at the
CAPITALISTIC interests that are backing PROHIBITION?
This election will either MAKE OR BREAK BRITISH COLUMBIA. If Government Control carries, this province will become
one of the most prosperous- spots on the whole North American
continent. If we get Bone Dry laws, look out for hard times.
Taxes will go up. Work will be scarce. Money will be tight. This
province will suffer. YOU will pay the price. Your only logical
course is to Vote for Measure No. 2 on the ballot, and let us get
Moderation with Government Control. It is the only common-
sense way to Vote.
unfair to tha rank and file aa tl
had not had a report from hoik
sides. Delegate Dennis then HOI"
Coombs that It was no business of
the rank and flle. ffhe delegate
was responsible to the council,apd
it was for them to decide the queitlon.
The meeting then carried thi
In reply to Delegate Coi
question aa to why the meeting-of
the previous night had been bruktw
up, Delegate Dennis answered that
the meeting was not an O. B. tl,
meeting as it was called by the
rank and file without the consent
of the Central CouncU and tKfff
meetings of the*rank and flle were
unconstitutional if held without
tho authorization of the council. ?
Delegate Cooms then asked
Delegate Dennis why he would hot
allow J. R. Knight to speak to the
Transportation Workers of the E.
D. and B. C. to which Dennis replied that he was funning that
unit and- that neither Knight or
any other man against whom he
had a personal spite would speak
to his unit. Askod by Coombs of
he took the matter before the rank
and flle of his unit, he said he did
not aa it was no buslneas of the
rank and flle, he was running that
Delegate Lakeman on notifying
the council that under tha circumstances he would not ba able to aot
longer as>a delegate to the counoll
was told by Secretary Berg that
they would be glad to get rid of
him as he would not be controlled
by the council, but persisted by being ruled by the majority wish of
his unit, and that lf ha left, his
unit would probably send someone
who they could control. /
Therefor, as this organizing committee was formed by the rank and
flle of both Units represented, and
that every action of thla committee
haa been submitted to the rank
and flle for endorsatlon, and may
therefore be taken ss representing
the majority wish of the rank and
flle of both units, the above attacks
can only be taken aa a coercive
method to subject tha will of tha
rank and flle to the will of individuals.
Therefor be lt resolved, that this
committee recommend to tha units
represented, that they withdraw
from the Edmonton Central Council, and form a council of their
own, and that the organising committee or another committee elected by and subject to the majority
rule of the rank and flle be auth
orlzed to attend the meetings of
the other units laying our position
before them.
I would further move, that thta
recommendation be submitted i to
the rank and flle of tha units at
their next regular meetings . and
that should the majority of- the
rank and flle adopt the recommendation, a masa meeting of .the
units ba held at the earllost opportunity.
Flour and Bakery Workers to Organize Own
(By thl Federated Preu.)   '
Milwaukee. — The International
Union of United Brewery, Flour,
Cereal and Soft Drink Workers entered upon an active flght against
the "open shop at the session of lta
annual convention tn tha auditorium, when lt endorsed a resolution
by locat union No. 92, recommending steps, ln conjunction with tha
Bakery Workers International union, to organize co-operative bakeries.
The resolution starts from tha
promise that tha ever-Increasing
oost of living haa a tendency to
lower tha workers' wages, that employeea are concentrating their
forces for the purpose of destroying tha bona flde labor movement
and co-operation Is the only agenoy
to combat the hign cost of living.
"Establishment of co-operative
flour mills as well as co-operative
bakeries," the resolution concludes,
"will serve the two-fold purpose of
eliminating the profiteer, the big
mill owner, who hns control of the
big bakerey and secondly It wilt
serve as a wedge which will assist
In organizing the flour mills aa well
aa the bakeries."
Steps are urged to co-operate
with the farmer who is friendly toward co-operation and thus eliminate the speculator In wheat who In
turn makes the flour and again In
turn bread costlier.
A resolution voicing protest
againBt tjie cryel treatment and unjust confinement of political prisoners by the United States authorities and demanding the immediate
release of all'political and class-
war prisoners throughout the country was adopted at the closing session, »
St. Louis, Mo.—The organizations
representing 5,200 Hotel, Restaurant and Club employees have been
notified by the employers that their
places of business will be operated
as open shops after October 1.
Interesting Address Delivered by Mrs. Rose
The subject at the weekly meeting of the People's Sunday Forum,
in Pender Hall was, "Making Criminals," how society manufactures
and deforms them. The speaker,
Mrs. Rose Henderson, said the
thoughts she intended giving her
hearers were not culled from books
or universities, but from ten years
of the most interesting part of her
life In the juvenile courts of Montreal.
Mrs. Henderson said when she
first took the position, she thought
the criminal was a bad human being, but lt was not long until different thoughts oame to her and she
determined to share those thoughts
with others. Every one, the speaker said, had a red letter day in
their lives, and the ten years she
spent ln that university of life was
hers. She would give all the others
for that experience.
Mrs. Henderson found there
were two kinds of criminals, "one
got the full penalty of the law, and
the other kind sinned according to
law, and paid no penalty." If you
had not the social position, you got
the penitentiary, while those who
sinned according to law, were able
to disport themselves ln the finest
linens and silks and remain at liberty. *
. In looking over history, aha discovered crimea agalnat criminals,
and found It tha most appalling one
can read.
Science, Mrs. Henderson said,
had revolutionised everything, and
had dona something in changing
our ideas of the so-called criminal.
It la now proving beyond doubt
that crime Is a society or social disease, and ls being brought into our
juvenile courts. On examination
they find that aa soon as the body
lB'properlytboked after crime vanishes.
The speaker said almost all crime
could ba traced to' economic causes
—transmit .ed environment. ' She
told her audience you could not expect a good human being from a
Bad tmvironment, and we were beginning to realise we could ahape
our children'a lives.
Mrs. Henderson emphasised the
fact there waa a psychic side of
crime, and illustrated the case of a
lad 12 yeara old, whose delinquencies they ware able to trace to prenatal influences.
Tha care of children wai than
taken up, and tha apeakar aald the
farmer did not put his Uttle colt out
into tha cold and til-treat tt generally, but wa Christians of Canada
think nothing of lending our little
children out to make dividends for
the idle and tha rich'. Speaking on
tha unfortunate part of being onea
branded a, criminal, aha nid that
once la goal tt waa almost Impoaal-
bla to regain your standing ln society.
Our housing facilities, Mrs. Henderson - aald, were hotbeds for
breeding crime, Und gave her observations of conditions existing In
the slum, minera and great Industrial districts, ..which she thought
ware a slur on our much-boasted
civilization. She advocated a curriculum In school! for tha teachers ln
aex hygiene, and thj source of Ufa.
We leave conservation of tho great
stream of human life ln almost total neglect
Music, Mra. Henderson said,
sweetened life, art created a desire
for the beautiful, but there were
thousands of children lh the alums,
mines and manufacturing districts,
who could not partake of any of
these refining Influences,
Thaw speaker told her audience
that crime had increased from 17
to 46 per cent, in eight yeara tn the
juvenile courts of Montreal, notwithstanding all the preaching and
praying Indulged in. The Increase,
she said, was due to children being
forced out in the world too young,
mothers being unable to remain at
home to attend to their families,
and low wages generally. As long
ns these conditions existed lha aald
there was but little hope of reducing the percentage of crime.
In the course of her lecture, Mn.
Henderson made, use of the following pointed sentences:
"The jail Is" but the vestibule of
"Good, healthy food will make'
the penitentiary."
children   physically   and   morally
"There Ii no suoh thing aa a criminal."
"Society manufactures from the
human products the criminal just
as we manufacture hides into boots,
wool Into cloth and wheat Into
"Heredity li a warp and woof of
our physical life. Environment Is
the loom upon which the social fabric of our existence is women,"
The address was listened to with
wrapt attention, and the speaker
was heartily applauded.
Next Sunday evening the subject
will be In the form of a debate,
"Shall I Vote Wet or Dry?"
Where Is your Union button?
(By Anise, Starf Writer   for th. Federated Press)
Manuel Mayerhoff ,t  p0
OI a goneral stor.,
Out In the stockyard, district	
Where he sold goods 	
To Chicago workers— - ^;;
Said:    "Oh, yes, th. PHICEi    '
That I oharge the workera
Are very, very HIGH.
But what does lt matter,
They BUY Just the same!
Of courso they complain;
You ought to hear them yell;
But what can they DO?
They YELL—
But thoy BUY!"
And I thought:   "Wh.n Mayerhoff
Made that remark
Ho SAID somothing!
Por that is the habit
Of the workers
The whole land over!
About gr'aft
On the polico-Eorcc,
But wo go on VOTING
For tbo sumo old bunc!jj
About oppression
From the Oovernment,
But we go oa electing
Exactly the same brand
Of politician.
To Parliament!
About th. nigh oost sf living,
And we go on
Paying our MONEY
To th. some old gang
We yell
About the whole SYSTEM
But we ke.p right on
With our votes,
And our labor,
And otir' purchasing power!
When will we learn
In working/
In buying,
In voting,
So that all
The Manuel Mayerhoffs
May notice,
That 'they YELL
Ami REFUSE to buy?'"
French, German and Wall
St Capital to Control .
World Markets
(London Herald Cable to the Federated Press by M. Phillips Price,
Berlin correspondent for the
Dally Herald.)
Berlin. — Por French, Oerman
and American capitalists the war Is
over and the recent unpleasantness
la forgotten. I learn that there is
a plan afoot to mobilize French and'
Oerman capital Into one combine
with the participation of Wall
Street. The objeot of this combine
is to pool the world's raw material
and thus control the fate of the Socialist industry centres of Europe.
It Is reported that the Oerman
coal barons Stlnnes and Thyssen
have concluded an agreemont with
the French Creuset-Schnelder
group and taken In the United
States Steel corporation. It Is significant that Judge Oacy has been
in Europe recently.
Thus reconciliation is proceeding
apace. Big business brothers of
Germany, France and America
seem ready to embrace joyfully at
the prospect of giving European
workers the beneflt of atarvatlon
wages and high prices.
I understand that the agreement
Concerns mutual exploitation of
ooal and Iron of all Europe and the
fixing of prices and the governing
of world market Interests by the
new combine. Friends of tha league of nations need not fear. The
new organisation sympathizes with
their Ideals for on the economic
commission of tha league sits representative Loucheur of the Parte
banking group and Loucher ls linked with the Creuset-Schnelder interests. It appears that Wall Street
has won the first round In the
struggle of British-American capital to control the raw material of
The prico, of copies of Pritchard's address to the jury, Dixon's
address and the history of the
Winnipeg strike has been reduced
to 10 cts. per copy. The Winnipeg
defense committee ls also terming
Defenso Fund Stamps, the price of
which la 35 cents each.
Tha business agent of tha Hamilton Moulders Union appears to be
quite upset over tha soviet spirit
among tha iron and ateel workers
In that city.. Re saya aome of them
are actually advocating tha two-
hour day.
No. 60S of 1130.
To tba above-named Dtftadaati:
TAKE NOTIOE thst |hU action wss oa
the 10th dsy et April, 1920, commence*
against you, sod that tho plaintiff, by hii
writ of ■ummont, claims:—
(1) For sn account to bo takon of tho
amount duo for principal, lntereat, ox
peusei, tuoi, aaswatnenta and ooita under and by virtue-of a certain agreement
dated tho 26th day of June, 1018, made
batween the plaintiff of the one part, and
tho defendant, George Kennedy of the
other part, for the aale by the plaintiff
to the defendant George Kennedy of Lot
4, and south-half of Lot 5, Block 4, south
fifty feet of Block 5, southeast quarter of
Section 47, Town ef Hastings, suburban
landa nap 3077, British Columbia, and
for foreclosure against the defendants and
for a lis pendens and for costs.
AND TAKE NOTICE that the Honourable Mr. Justico Macdonald has, by order
dated the 30th day of April, 1020, author-
Isod service of the aaid writ of summons
on you by tdvrtlilng the said writ of
summons once In one newspaper ciroulat-
Ing'ln the city of Vancouver,
yon are required within eight days inclusive of the day of publication of the newspaper, la which said advertisement appear!, to cause an appearance to be entered for yon at the office ot the District
Registrar of this court at Vancouver, B.
O., and that in default of your ao doing,
the plaintiff may proceed with the action
and Judgment may be given against yoa
In your absence.
DATED at Vancouver, B, G„ this 28rd
day of June, 1920.
District Registrar,
Veterans of tbe Great War
We will dye your great coat bottle green, brown or black, take
olt shoulder strap., put on new
buttons and make lt look like a
clvy coat, all for S5.50. -
Mail Orders Promptly Attended
7 Little Tailors
336 Carroll Street
,     rhoiiw: 8cy. 41B2, Pair. 1807Y
Established   1912
Rapid Method Music Studio
348 Pender St. W., Oor. Homer-Fender
VAN00VVBB, B. 0.
Principal,  OS0AS MORFET
Expert Teacher, nnd Trainers
$2.00 Expert
Piano Tuning
Repaln.and Adjusting Work .
Sey. 4132 Fair. WOfi
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
(Old time Lumberjack)
Prompt Service
Fine Cars
334 Abbott St.     Vancouver
Phono Soy. 8877-8878
You can buy these
New Suits and Coats
under cost of material
The Famoua made a wonderfully successful purchase of about three thousand yards of finest quality
Bngllsh all-wool blanket cloths, tweeds, valour*,
and trleotlnes. The material could not now be obtained at the prioe we paid. We are sharing our
good fortune with you, and with Suitings and Coatings developed to the latest styles ln our own faotory, you can now buy them for actually less than
the cost of material alone. Don't be disappointed.
They are being rapidly exhaustod.
Neat Oranvlll
Auokland, N. Z—P. Fraser, labor member of parliament, was
elected president of the New Zealand labor party at the annual conference. It was reported.that the
dues paying membership exceeds
Sanitarium Ltd.
Fifteenth floor Standard
Bank—Cor.  of Haitingi
and Richards
Phones Beymour 608;
Highland 2184-L .
We have treated successfully    what    others
have diagnosed as
and a host of other so-
called ailments. We have
thc testimonials to show
ANYONE who is interested. Read these:
I take thla opportunity of
expressing ny sincere thanka
to Dr. Downle for the kind
attention and patlenea whhb
he exereised in' treating ns
for rheumatism aid kidney
trouble. I consider tha methodi
nt Drugless Healing far before
any other.
Alta Vista, p. 0., B. O.
T brought my two children,
seed seven and four years to
Dr. Downle on the lflth September, '1018. Both were In
very poor health, thin and pale
nnd very nervous, no appetite
and suffering from wry neck.
Nnw, January 18, 1010, one
hns gained seven pounds and
the othor fonr pounds, and
both are In perfect health.
MRS. E.  M.
Vancouver, Dee. 10. 1010.
I don't know the day for
years I hare been In such per*
feet health. (This man suffered
from extreme nervousness and
In that dark hour when sympathy and best lervlce count ao
much—call up
Phone Fairmont Q8
Prompt Ambulance Service
Fkoae Ssymour 7160
Tklrd  rioor,  World  Bulldiat  Vaa-
ennt. B. O.
Gnaranteed Coal
If our eoal is not satisfactory to yon, after yon
havo thoroughly tried it
out, wt will remove what
ooal is left and charge you
nothing for what you havo
You to bo tho solo judgo.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
noma Beymour Mil aal m
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
«1 Haitian Stmt Wort
aal Noa-ilcohoUc wines ot all
All Royal Crown Products
carry Coupons, redeemable
for useful articles^
Thls season wo aro better prepared than ever to take care
■ of football players. *
High-grade Bngllsh Jerseys tn many colors and designs.
A splendid stook to ohoose from.
Be sure to see the new Improved McGregor Boot.  This
boot is a winner. All sizes In stock.
From the best Bngllsh makers, Including tht genuine McGregor, tho finest bal) made.
Of IHE 0. B. n.
wobsess ram or thi oat.
$2.50 PER YEAR
Lumber and Camp Workers
—Industrial Unit News—
There appeared In September
16th Issue of the Federatlonist a
Utter regarding Tack's Camp at
Colt Creek contradicting a previous letter appearing In Labor
Day's edition. Thli reply was not
known to the men In camp until
after lt arrived tn Vancouver, It
having been written by the delegate and two memberi of the camp
committee. As the mtn did not
aak them to write this letter and
had no knowledge of lt, evidently,
tt was the boss who asked them to.
The delegate ln writing hla let-1
tor was careful not to mention the
bad conditions ln the camp.
Men walk to and from work on
their own time whloh makea the
day "nine hours and twenty minutes camp to camp. There ls no
straw line in the camp and plenty
of side hill work. The bunk
houses are roomy and generally
olean, eight single bunka to a
bouse, but do 'not furnish blankets.
Btfnk house ventilated mostly on
the sides. The grub Is a good average, there Is a dry room, wash
houae In order ,and last but not
least, the meetings held ln camp.
On Sunday evening September 26,
there was a regular meeting when
the question of walking to and
from work on our own timo was
brought up for discussion.
It waa finally voted on and carried by a standing vote of the entire assembly with only three members voting against, that the oamp
oommlttee demand of Mr. Tack
the privilege of walking one way
on the company's time and one
on their own. The chairman made
lt plain that' this was a "demand"
not a request, so they would know
what they were voting on. The
committee were instructed to Interview Mr. Tack on the following
evening and after receiving his reply called a special meeting. Mr.
Tack evidently knew the bunch he
had to deal wtth for his reply was:
"Tour demand will not be granted
and furthermore you Bhall not
leave the place where you are
working until the whistle blows."
It waB moved and seconded that
we reject Mr. Tack's reply and it
was then discussed. One fellow
worker summed it up ln this manner: if the vote carried, we call a
strike,' .and If it lost lt meant
"Please Mr. Tack we did not mean
It, we were only joking, The chairman admitted that was so .
The question was then called for
and the chairman announced it
would be a secret ballot, which was
objected to and was put to a vote,
the secret ballot carried twenty-
four for to thirteen against The
ballot papers having been made
the previous evening wero then
produced, and the ballot was
taken, the Result being seventeen
for rejection and twenty-nine
A motion waj then put, to have
the minutes of these-two meetings
regarding the demand, be aent to
Headquarters for publication ln
the Federatlonist, so that a good
union man would know that he was
going to an (a one) sissorbtll camp
before he left town.
The motion was lost. Evidently
the men were ashamed of their
ci'awling actions and did not want
their fellow-workers ln other camps
to know lt
The men at this camp are paid
wtth a combined time and bank
check which is of no value until
signed by the offlce tn town.
This report can be vouched for
*   by others besides
Ing opposed to any momber of the
L. W. I. U. making a pack mule
out of himself by carrying his own
bedding to the bosses camps. We
also Insist on Oeneral Headquart-
ertto get out a consistent line of
propaganda against these pack
Moved and seconded: "That wo
concur ln Resolution No. 1." Car-,
Resolution No. 2.—That the
names of all workers whb are
known to have scabbed in this
camp during the time the oamp
wai on the unfair list, be published
in the Fed.
Moved and seconded: "That we
concur ln Resolution No. 2." Carried.
Moved and seconded: "That
Camp Del. send the names of the
scabs to Dlst. Secy, and request
htm to have them published." Carried.
Moved and seconded: "That the
minutes of thla meeting be published in our official organ." Carried.
Moved and seconded: "That alt
members who are In arrears with
their dues pay up Sunday, Oct. 3."
Carried. .   •
Moved and seconded: "That we
ask the management to comply
with the semi-monthly pay act of
B. C." Carried.
Moved and seconded: ' "That we
go out on our own time and back
on the company's time."    Carried.
Moved and seconded: "That
this local meet every Sunday at
7.80 p.m. sharp." Carried.
Good and welfare.
Meeting adjourned at 10.30 p.m.
United Lor Company
' R. Cobb refused tb pay his dues
ln the camp with the result that
the members brought pressure to
bear on the management and Cobb
waa flred.
the two lait months:
Coast, January, 6988; February,
6428; Maroh, 8980; April, 7220;
May, 7682; June, 8484; July, 7062.
Cranbrook, Feb., 1720; April,
8169; June, 1784; July, 1878.
Kamloops, Feb., 800; April, 1200;
May, 1200; July, 1000. .
Princeton, January, 418; March,
Prince Oeorge, April 800; May,
400; June, 760; July, 700.
Prince Rupert, January, 146;
April, 210; May, 600; July, 200.
It should be noted that when the
credentials committee figured out
their proposed basis of representation for the Coast and Prince
Qeorge districts, they omitted to
add ln the May membership (they
excluded June and Juty, as these
months were In dispute), consequently some time after attention
had been called to their error, they
raised the report of the voting
strength of each of the coast dele
gates from 610 to 646, and Prince
Qeorge from 100 to 160. Therefore when the meetihg accepted
the committee's original report
they, even -on their own proposed
basis of allotment deprived the
coast delegates of 969 votes, and
Prince Qeorge 60. It was not until Wednesday morning that they
made the correction.
It is Interetslng to know that al-
Much has been hoard ln the past
about tho uie of a universal receipt and complaints have been
lpade from official circles that the
Lumber Workors wire not using it
but were, without authority, issuing one of their own, which was
stated*to be a cause of confusion.
It should first bo noted that under
Clause 28 of the constitution a unit
may be exempt from the use of the
official receipt Issued by the general
executive. And this exemption has
been exercised by the Lumber
Workers due to "the fact that bofore the O. B. IT. came into existence they had grown to a large
membership and had evolved a
camp delegate' system which the
peculiar nature of their occupation
necessitated and consequently a receipt and bookkeeping system suit-,
able to their needs had been evolved, The official receipt and books
as Issued by the O. B. U. executive
are hopelessly Inefflcfent for the
needs of the Lumber Workers and
It Ib simply the ptgheadedness, In-
-eclency and officlousness of would-
be dictators that Ib causing the un-.
necessary controversy. It must not
be lost sight of that the delegates
to the convention knew beforehand
that It was intended by the Wlnnl-
jrtace ln the order ln which the Information has to be recorded. The
printing of the information on the
bottom that the receipt is Issued by
the Lumber and Camp Workers Industrial Unit saves this from having to be written In by hand over
ten thousand times every month,
and at the same time the little additional information printed on the
receipt Is vory useful propaganda,
showing the valuable universal and
Interchangeable nature of the O. B.
U. form of organization. Two very
Important provisions are made oi!
this receipt a space being provided for Leger No., this is owing to
the fact that before the O. B. U.
came into existence the Lumber
Workers had adopted the alphabetical ledger Index system of recording their members and had issued 11,600 membership cards with
a ledger number, and until every
tine of those 11,600 members have
taken out a numbered O. B. U.
folder the only way of recording
and tracing them Is by the ledger
number. Even more Important are
the spaces on the bottom marked
"Duplicate No. " and Issued
by Delegate "
These are necessary because the
camp delegnte issues a temporary
oan be relied upon to send In correct reports of the receipts they issue, so that this information -can
be recorded at the district headquarters. In addition to thiB, when
the delegates Issue official receipts
they must be suppled with blank
membership folders for the use of
new members and this will mean
over 6,000 blank folders In the
hands of the delegates, many of
whom have never been ln touch
with the offices. It must not be
lost sight of that a delegate on a
job many hundreds of miles from
the office and whom the secretary
has never seen, ls a very different
thing to a job steward or delegate
on a job where the secretary can
run and see him at any time he
The man who Is elected as camp
delegate Is not chosen because of
his qualifications as a secretary, ln
fact, his school education may have
been greatly neglected — but because of his knowledge of the value
of organization and a willingness on
his part to help advance the movement.
Combination Receipt and Cash
Note the combination of receipt
and cash book, the duplicate of thc
receipt and the classification columns for a cosh book being combined, this enables each receipt to
be extended Into its prczter column,
The Agricultural Worker
ONE BIG UNION    W    2899     A
Occupation —
JLaAgw Na.—
...Dollars.  Signed...
Thlt rcctfpt It Inotd br Oil Lumber and Cunp Worktn' Induttrl*. Doit el
*• O. B. V, ll cu bt Uwtd'te uy wit* worktt In ur unit of tbt Om
Big Union.   IttM II Lvabtr or Cimp Wotktr, Mlotr, Transput. Conitrae.
->:•     «..._,..    m**A   t..«»W    tiamatai   Wmrleat.  HB..  M*.
tton, Plthtritfc Food Supply, OtmraTWorktr. ete., ttc.
. Duplicate No———.—Iscuod by Delegate...
DAILY RECEIPTS for period ending.
Coast District
Office Receipts
II     Peltate'. Credit,     || tkltfttt'e Collection,
Robert's Lako Camp
At a meeting held in camp on
Sept. 26 a motion was unanimously
endorsed that this camp go on record, same to be Inserted in the
B. C. Federatlonist, "that we patronize only O. B. U. transfer men
while In Vancouver."
Special meeting of Raza Island
Branch, L, W. X. U., called by
members at 6.10 p.m. to elect a
eamp delegate and committee,
Card No. 66817, Chairman.
J. Forest, Recording Secretary.
Report of officers.
Moved and seconded: 'That F.
W. Lamont's report be accepted."
Reading communications and
Moved and seconded: "That
communication from F. W. Clarke
fee flled."   Carried.
Election of officers.
Nomination for oamp delegate—
Glen Lamont.
Moved and seconded: "That nom*
lnatlon be closed and F. W. Lamont eleoted by acclamation.'
Nomination for Camp Committee: Holm, Jackson, Leathman,
Brown, Johnson.
Moved and seconded: 'That
nomination be closed." Cart-led.
Fellow-workers Holm, Brown
and Leathtftan elected.
Moved and seconded: "That
oommltte Interview the absent
workers to meet in camp to flnd
out lf they have cards In the L. W.
L V. aiid report back to meeting at
once."   Carried.
Moved and seconded: "That report of committee be accepted.
New business.
Resolution    No.    1—Resolved
that we the members present at
this meeting go On record as be-
The Btatement has frequently
been made that the loggers have
sabotaged on their per capita to
the O, B. U., and on the surface
there might appear to be some
grounds for the insinuation, seeing
that they claim a membership
around 20,000, but only reported as
entitled to pay on 10,840 for the
month of July. The apparent discrepancy is due to the fact that
only five districts are as yet In a
condition to pay anything like their
per capita ta, their Industrial head
quarters. Two only of these are
entirely out of debt. The other
three owing a considerable amount,
which debt they endeavor to re-
duce ap they can, and although by
clauBe 26 of the O. B. U. constitution, supplies must be paid for before per capita, yet the principle
adopted by. the lumbor workers'
headquartera has been to apply
pari only of the districts' payment
to wiping off the debt and putting
part toward per capita, thus giving the O. B. TJ., headquarters an
immediate benefit. The other nine
dlstrlctB are either just able to meet
the current expenses of their district, endeavoring ln some cases by
sending out organizers to try and
get on a more solid footing and
become thereby in a position to fulfill their obligations to headquarters, or, as is the case in several
districts, the headquarters still have
to contribute unlimited supplies
and literature without receiving
payment, and even in some cases
furnish, In addition considerable
flnanclal assistance. Does any one
suggest that thc headquarters
should, pay per capita wlhch they
do not receive? . Or do they suggest that any unit or district
should pay per capita to any other
body when they are not in a flnanclal condition to meet the expenses
of their own locality? The executive of tho lumber workers hold the
view that when those who subscribe
the mony have urgent need for its
expenditure locally to get them on
a sound footing, they have the right
to use It. That this view ls also
held by other units Is proven by
the fact that Vancouver Central
Council has not paid per capita
since January. That Winnipeg was
for several months ln arrears, as
are also Thunder Bay Council and
other units.
It Is interetslng to note that Win.
nipeg Council from 4454 in January
and February, dropped to 8144 in
June, then u pto 8746 in July, and
then a jump of nearly 1200 to 4926
ln August. This entitled them to
an additional delegate, but if the
statement of their secretary Is correct, that they have 8000 members,
then It would look as lf they are
sabotaging on their per capita at
the present time.
The following Is' the membership
upon which the lumber workers
paid per capita a'nd admitted Ha
bitity for, and offered to give
cheques to cover the arrears for
though the July general convention o.f lumbor workers with a desire to* relieve the districts of the
burden of a big debt, authorized
a statoment to be mado upon terms
In accord with the district's ability
to pay and the principle of doing
the square thing by the organlza-
as a whole, yet thc districts declined to take advantage of the opportunity to slide from under, and
stated they would, whenever circumstances permitted, pay off thc
whole of their obligation because,
in doing so, they were helping to
advance the movement as a whole.
Who says the lumber workers are
At the last general meeting the
following resolution was carried:
"This meeting censure the editor
of the Lumber Workers' page in
the B. C. Federatlonist for allowing personal matter to appear in
its columns, such as Fellow-Worker Kilner's article, appearing in
last issue, thereby crowding out
valuable matter that might appear
In same. CAMP DEL.
Note by Oeneral Secretary—The
above motion Is. very gratifying as
lt Is concrete evidence of the wishes of the membership concerning
what should appear on thoir page.
In the post the General Secretary
has been whole-heartedly abused
by certain individuals because he
objected to .the publication of personalities. So offensive became
this abuse that he wrote the General and Coast Executives asking
for their instructions, which were
similar to the wishes expressed In
thc motion passed at Kingcome
River. Correspondents will please
tnlio nit" pnfl eovern themselves
accordingly to the wishes of the
peg And other delegates to ram
down the throats of the Lumber
Workers the so-called official, but
nevertheless decidedly Inefficient
receipt Issued by the general executive. Cuts are here given showing the form of receipt and combination classified caah book used
ln all Lumber Workers' offices and
also the "official" receipt issued- by
the O. B. U. executive. Not the
small differences, too unimportant
to squabble over, except by those
who have nothing better to do, but
very important when the inefficiencies of the one are compared
with the absolutely IndiBpenslble
features of the other which provides for the needs of those who
use It. '
Ip the "official" receipt the'O. B.
U, emblem is large and printed in
a different color to the rest of the
receipt; this, by the way, makes.lt
unnecessarily, expensive as lt has
to be gone over twice by the printer. The name of the local unit has
to be written In by the pro son giving the receipt.
In the Lumber Workers receipt
the printing of the O. B. U.'em-
blem in the same color and at the
same time as the rest of the printing saves unnecessary expense. A
little   re-arrangement   has   taken
7515   C—*
receipt, ah official receipt being Issued by the district office, the number, of the delegates' temporary receipt end his name being inserted
in"*the  spaces  provided  by which
Ltpuips   tlie   whole   transaction   Is
laTfefrly recorded,
Any one knowing tho present address of Robert Aymer, wbo formerly worked at Sedgewiek Bay,
please communicate with Vancouver headquarters, 61 Cordova st.
Information of Laurlts Braaten,
write his brother Rangwatd or district secretary at Edmonton.
Present address of Angus McDonald who was Injured when
working at Merritt.
Ralph Metcld communicate with
Coast District offlce.
When through with this paper,
ass it on.
uj'hc Coast District alone has over
ibe1 delegates and there nre over
500 throughout the Industry. How
Is a simple and yet-complete record
to be kept without the use of the
spaces which are provided. It is
hoped ln course of timo to be able
to do away with the delegate issuing a temporary receipt but this
cannot be done until the organization has been, able to get all the
original 11,500 folders replaced
with O. B. U. ones and to get the
members so familiar with the duties of acting as delegate that they
Fred Root, refund on loan ., $    26.00
Penticton District      10.00
Victoria District 	
Nelson District       12.60
Fort Frances District '.     100.00
Prince George District    200.00
Coast District :  8296.85
Balance on hand, July 31st    486.18
Wages ., $ 420.00
Rent $25, light, 50c  25.60
Postage m  *M8
Subs. Weekly People $        .66
Subs. Western Clarion    116.66
Red Europes         1.80
B. W. Huobsch, book        1.68
Ukranlan papers        6.00 »
 1 $ 126.68
Organization „  10.00
B. C. Federationist, pppers : .'.  1257.68
B. C. Federatlonist, page *  400.00
O. B. U. buttons and cards  222.60
Convention expenses (part)  „  100.00
Sundry district expenses „ „ 606.76
Advertising  7.60
F. Llnder, loan re Workman's Com. cheque  71.09
Printing report of Invest. Committee ** 180.82
Red Lodge, for birth certificate  .69
Balance on hand, August 8lBt  171.24
it prevents havln to transfer these
item by item int* a separate book,
and owing to the amount received
being extended across on the same
page to its right column, it tendn
very considerably to reduce the
likelihood of mistakes either of inserting in wrong column or of
wrong addition. Only the dally totals of each and every column is
transferred to tho permanent cosh
book-in which all receipts and expenditures of the day arc recorded.
Can anyone devise a more complete, yet simple and economical
system than this?
Although the receipts and books
Issued by tbe O. B. U. executive are
totally unsuitable for Lumber
Workers use and would cost very
much more for office help to handle
besides causing considerable likelihood of mistakes taking place,
those who sat in the convention decided ln favor of all units being
compelled to adopt whatever the
executive chose to Issue.
Who was It .that said the O. B.
U. was formed to get away from
A. F. of L. officials and officialdom?
Question 1, for 2121, agninst 582;
question 2, for'2401, against 226;
question 3, for 1908, against 780;
question 4, for 1713, against 570
question 5, for'2068, against 291;
question 6, for 2034, against 467;
question 6, for 2034, against 467;
question 7, for 2397, against 219;
question 8, for 2275, against 408;
question 9. for 2276, against 165;
question 10, for 2491, against 170;
question 11, for 2678, against 74;
question 12, for 2387, againBt 251;
question 13, for 1534, against 509;
question 14, for 2288, against 248;
question 15, for 1791, agalnBt 404;
question 16, for 1748, against 898;
queatlon 17, for 2349, against 220;
question 18, for 2066, against 350;
question 19, for 2180, against 818;
question 20, for 2447, against 92.
For Executive—C. E. Berg, 1038;
C. Under, 673; E. Robinson, 820.
All questions carried and C. E.
Berg elected.
Sid Llntott, Harry Stewart, John
Durrani, Matt Skelton worked as
strike breakers at Norton's camp,
Rasa Island, during the recent
strike there. All delegates are requested to take notice and act
accordingly it these men come into
their camp.
What about renewing your gubf
Statement fron June 28 to July 81
Duel     1144.00
Fees        -    61.00
Delegates' remittance
Lssi commluion snd expenses .
B. U. Buttons 	
Bolonce forword .
- 120.60
.. 26.25
.   27.16
Wogfls     .....;...... 1200.00
Rent tnd light (two nontfci)  —.    41.00
Offlee supplies, postage and equipment _..._   88.70
Organisation         «.   64.00
- ....       600
 ■**    14.20
Sundry expenies *
Defence on kind July 81 .
Statement for July. 1980
Balance on bond July 80 ..
... 80.00
ue 178.73
Firs, Limited, or Rees & Black... .Whonnock
Metalliferous Mines Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
Cargill Co. of Canada, Broughton Island, actively
discriminating against union men.
Dempsey-Ewart's, Camp 2 Drury Inlet
McLeod Timber Co.
Victoria Lumber Co*,
..Gambler Island
.Camp 5, Ladysmith
Wogos     — ~.
Office supplies ond poitoge .
Telephone —........„.
Expenses ro itrike  ......
Delegates' eommission ond expenies ...~_....
Advertising    ,
Remitted to headquarters
Balonee oa hind July $1 ,
Btatement for Joly, 1180
Duel    —..—...,.-.— — 	
polentas' wmlttaneee ....	
Leu commission sat oxpemei .
_   1.00
_$ 68.00
Advance from Headquarters -
Bolonoo oa aud Jim 80 .
WefM <Ive vecks\
Rent ond light (fow months) .
OrgodisUo*    — —
Budry oxpoases   ■ ,„ „„■   ■■■■■-
Botaaoo oa hud July ll.
I for July. 1920
Feei   -........._. —.„-...„„	
Delegatee' remittance	
Leu commission ond expenies
Collections  for itrike fund
Refund  of  loon    	
0. B. V. buttons, ete.
Balance on hand Jtno B0 	
Overdraft July 11
Office supplies ond postage M	
Organizing       ™.....™..;.'.™	
Delegate's expenies to general contention
Expense ro Usk etrlke __.
Expense  re  Bnekley  Bay
Sundry expenses
Remitted to headquartera .
Dues   . ....
Btatement for July, 1020
Delegates'  remittance!
Princeton  sick  fund  ».
Kamloops  lick  fund  ...
Literature sold
Balance oa hand June 30 ..
Rent ond light    	
Postage    - _.»«..
Supplies   from   Headquarters ...
Exponies ro new ball .
Remittance  to  Princeton  .... .
Remittance  to  Kamloops  .............
Expenies to General Conrentlon .
Bolonoo oa band July 81 _
> for July, 1020
...    e.oo
...    e.oo
._ 18.60
_. 10.00
... 1.80
. 886.81
... 87.60
... 8.00
urn 82.00
... 84.48
ui 18.50
„ 10.00
_ 28.40
._ 902.26
Dlegitso'   nmlttanoo .	
Slfeetlon  for Mlohort strike     -~
lloettoa for Fort Vraaoos strike .
Llterotare sold   .	
...$ 90.00
_ 1.00
._ 16.00
_ 11.42
_ 188.46
.- 2.00
- 818.07
JSm fopplleo lad
- 10.00
.   10.66
Organisation    —...» —....„.„...„...._„
Delegates' expenses to Oeneral Convention...
Striko reliof
Remitted to Nlehart etrlke    _
Sundry  expenses     .  ...
Balanco on hand July 81 .
Dueo    ........
Statement for July. 1020
.. 17JS
- 800.00
... 38.10
_ 11.42
. 8.60
u 181.43
Delegatee' remittances ~ .
Less eommission and expenses
Donations to Taylorton itrike .
O. B. 0. bottom ond litoraturo
Balance oa hud Juno
 ™_™.- ™.  dc.oo
Office supplies ond poilagtt „'„■„, —„._-.    48.86
Organisation      . 146.50
Delegates' expenses to General Conrentlon ....™.    75.00
Taylorton minora' relief   -^......i.wHwi — 251.86
Sundry   expenses
Balance on hand July 81 .
Dues      ut .
Btatement for July, 1920
Delegates'   remittances   $203.50
Lose commission ond expenses *.       7.00
...$ 266.00
Winnipeg defense fund .
Fort Frances strike 	
Refund of loans
O. B. U. buttons, folders, literature, ete. .
Blck beneflt fund contributions ■■.„,....„..■,
Balance June 80, union funds .....
Balance June 80, sick benefit bunds ,
Wages, ofllce and Janitor .
Rent, telephone and light .
Offlco supplies  ond postage _„_..»»...„
Organisation   „  ..—...,,
Remitted for Fort Franoes strike ............
Remitted for Wlnnlneg defense fund -—
Soviet medical fond .
Delegates'  expenses to Oeneral, Convention..
Remitted  to Headquarters -	
Paymeato from sick beneflt fund »»■■■«■»
Budry expenies   _ __ ....
Bolonoo July 81, sick fund...
Balance July 81, union funds ,
* 28.75
. 22.06
. 88.2S
.  49.7.*.
* 111/0
. 700.00
. 68.20
.. 28.72
. 888.30
.    265.16
The agricultural worker comei
under one of three classifications.
First, the man who owns, or hopes
to own, the land, machinery,
equipment and cattle necessary to
cultivate the soli, which he does
with hiB own or' nired labor.
Secondly, the hired man, who hires
out by the year, which covers the
whole of the busy and slack seasons—lf there ever are the latter
on a farm. Thirdly, the seasonal,
or casual worker, who is only hired
during rush periods or seeding,
haying, harvest or fruit picking.
It Is usually a difficult a'nd long
job to prove to those In the flrst
category that they are as much
member's of the working class as
.ue hired hands This Is owing to
Lhe fact that instead of selling their
labor power by the hour, day or
month, as is usual with the wage
worker, they Bell lt by the piece,
which sale is not entirely effected
until the commodity they produce
Is disposed of by them to the pur.
chaser It la admitted that frequently they live during the time
they are engaged ln the process of
producing the commodity which
they hope later to sell, yet lt must
not be lost sight of that part of
the goods they consume during the
waiting period Is frequently obtained on credit, and payment of
this debt Is a prior Hen on the
proceeds of sale when Anally made.
It is not an uncommon occurrance
for' the crop to fall and Instead of
having a realizable asset which will
give a surplus, over the actual
amount he has consumed during
the process, he ls left with a debt
that he has later to liquidate out of
futuro crops should they ever be
sufficiently prolific to provioje a
surplus. During the period of
seeding to harvest frequently the
working hours are from daylight to
dark, under continuous physical
effort, and in addition, where they
are available, the wife and family
have also to co-operate in the work
receiving no wage for no doing, thea
value of their labor' being embodied'
ln the crop. Even when the crop
is ready for the market lt has to
be disposed of under conditions
which place the seller at the mercy
of the buyer who frequently, in
fact nearly always, controls, or is
subject to the control of the stor'
age or transport companies.
Those In the second catagory
would appear to be more favorably placed an compared with the
former, for under any circumstances they are assured a living which
they receive from day to day, with
the general knowledge that whet
her the crop be poor, fair or bounteous, they will receive wages over.|
a'nd above the food and shelter
which they received during the
period of thetr service. Actually
the anticipated and expected pay'
ment does not always mature,
especially In cases of a crop failure, but the non-payment being an
exception rather tha'n a rule does
not Justify It as being taken as an
average condition, and average conditions muat be the only standard
of illustration. 'Apparently the
man who hires by the year gets
out ahead of the game because he
ls supposed to do very little work
during a considerable period of the
year, but this is compensated for
by the fact that during the busy
months the only limit of -a day's
work Is daylight to dark, or the
physical ability to work for a given
number of hours without Impairing
the ability to be on the job the 'next
day and efficiently deliver the full
quantity of labor power. To illustrate this more fully, the average person could upon a special
Isolated occasion work 18, 20 or 24
hours at a stretch but obviously if
an attempt was made to continue
Buch strain lt would sooner or later
cause a complete physical collapse.
Consequently, unconsciously, the
employer haB in his own Interest to
limit the dally working period of
the hired hand to those limits
which will enable him to be on
the job each succeeding day with
the necessary degree of energy and
ability to perform the work most
efficiently a'nd economically. The
wages of the yearly worker are of
course on a lower monthly average
than they are of those who hire by
the week or month during the busy
In cases where a bonus ls given
subject to the amount of crop, this
Is simply bribery to get the worker' speeded up and working overtime at scab rates, with the additional feature that the final result
Is not governed entirely by the
workerB' efforts, but subject to
weather conditions. The worker Is
also to a great degree, sometimes
almost entirely, cut off from social
Interests, and opportunities,
Consequently frequently a small
monetary bribe ln the shape of un
apparent good wage has to be offer
ed to close the eyes of the worker
to the fact that by engaging In
agricultural work, he is surrender
Ing the opportunity to those advan.
tages which would be available
were he living or working in a
populated Industrial centre, and tt
ls frequently not until later In life
that he comeB to a realization of
the fact that he shut himself oft
from the opportunity to those
benefits which come from the cen
trallzed and combined activities or
transmitted Ideas of fellow mem
bers of society.
The seasonal or casual agricultural worker Is the outstanding
subject for exploitation. Hired for
use during a short period, from a
usually overstocked labor market
which the farmers agencies, transport companies and. selling firms
have been combining with publicity bureaus and press agencies for
months previously to flood, so as to
be.able to force lower wages and
worse conditions than would bc the
case were the supply more nearly
equal to .the demand, the worker
la, in his unorganized state, an easy
victim to being driven to the limit
of his endurance or Willingness.
Particularly la the farmer free to
do this for (unlike the case of his
r'eRiilar hand) if only the* worker
ra'n be kept speeded up during the
limited time he Is needed lt matters
not If ho Immediately afterwards
coltapses   a   physical
ln those cases where iuch la nominally provided..
Until theae workers, ud aU
others ln similar conditions, organ*
Ise they will be particularly subject
to low pay and bad working conditions, and owing to the universal
membership card system of the O. '
B. U. lt is better adapted to their
needs than ia any other form of organisation, for tbe O. B. U, card la
good on whatever Job lta owner
may be. Today you may be on a
farm, tomorrow ln a lumber camp
and later In a factory, the same
card Is good.on every job without
payment of transfer or rejoining
fee. All workera on auy particular
job are organized together, they
have, when necessary, the direct
support of all workera tn the same
Industry or locality, which ever,
may at the time be most use to
them, and, should circumstances
require, all workera In all Industries can take united action to advance or protect their mutual interests.
Complete local autonomy tn local
affairs or on the job. Full control
of the organization and the officials by the rank and file and no
strike called on or oft except by a
majority of the men actually eon*
At the regular  business meeting held ln camp    on   Thursday
night, Sept. SO, the following reao- ■
lution was passed unanimously.
"That blankets, pillows and pol-
low slips be furnished for all men
ln camp by October 10,
"Also If our pay was not ln camp
on or before# the 7th and 22nd Inst,
of each month, we would cease to
On the night of the 7th no
money, had arrived ao we did not
go to work the morning of the 8th
but the money arrived that afternoon, so we prepared to go to work
the next morning; hut were Informed by the Buperlntendent that
the camp would be closed down, so
we held a meeting, instructed the
camp committee to interview the
superintendent as to the reason for
closing tho camp and his reply waa
that they didn't want to run.
The superintendent refused to.
let the car go down the hilt so we ■■
we're forced to carry our bundles *
down a 4,000 foot grade, some of
which was 81 per cent grade, he
also gave orders to the cook house
staff that no lunches could be had,
so by the time we reached town
about 8 o'clock that night we realized more clearly than ever the burden of packing our home upon our
backs and the necessity of a little
solidarity to eliminate this evil.
In view of the fact, that the demand for bedding had been handed
Into the company and agreed to by
them on June 17, we consider the
abqve action simply a lockout to
evade the blanket question which
would have had to be dealt with a
couple of days hence.
The camp Is on the unfair list
until bedding Is furnished. Union
men govern themselves accordingly, and card packers take notice.
Committee: R 471, H 158, K
947, D 189, N 58, R 818.
Any one knowing the whereabouts of Edward Howard, who
formerly worked at A. E. Burnett's
camp, McKenzie Sound; please
communicate with Coast District
headquarters. This man's parents
in the Old Country are Inquiring.
Information of whereabouts Of
Richard Dwen.
Donation from Kamloops
The   following   donations   have
been made by the Lumber Workera
of Kamloops, B. C, to the various
defense funds:
Sidney Flowers defense fund $22.00
Soviet relief fumt ,   4.00
Winnipeg defense fund  14.00
Wanted immediately, information of Jos. Edward Davidson, lad
of 1$. Looks to ba 18. Parents
anxiously awaiting news of hla
whereabout. May be In camp.
Send information Immediately to
Coast Headquarters.
Sydney, N. S. W.—The Australian
Federal Antl-L'abor governmont has
refused permission to the Socialist
Labor party of Australia to send a
delegation to Russia and secure
first-hand Information of the condition there. When It Is remembered
that the British government has allowed labor and Socialist delegations the right to travel to Russia
for the purpose of securing firsthand Information as to the working of the Soviet government, the
refusal on the part of the Australian government Is all the more unexplainable.
.   . nervous
wreck, he Is In no sense a liability
on the farmer's bonds. The living
accommodation provided for this
class of worker Is usually a straw
stock which frequently Is preferable to the housing accomodation,
Oeneral Hotdqatrton
Vancouver, B. O.; I. Wlnck, tl Oordova Stroot Wool
Cranbrook, B. 0.; J. H. Thaapsea,
Box 18.
Cranbrook    District—Lefol     adviser:   Qeorge SpreuU.
Kamloops, B. C; J. L. Peterson, Box
812, 8 Victoria Stntt
Merrlt. B. O.; W. 8. Kilner, Box 8.
Nolson, ft.  0.;   R.  Barrow, donors!
Mci-tlnfs ore held in the O. B, U.
Hell, Baker Street, Nelson, on the
flrst and  third  Sunday of each
month at 8 p.m.
Penticton,  B. 0.;  P. W. Wrlfhtson,
P. O. BOX 240.
Princo Qeorge, 8. O.; 0. P. Harrison,
Drawer 80.
Prinoe Bupert, B. 0.; J. B. Bnrroasta.
Box 888.
Vancouver, B. O.; J. M. Clarke, 01
Oordova Stroet Wost.
Victoria, B. 0.; J. C. Bunker, room 1,
570 Johnson street.
Edmonton,  Alta.;   0.  Borg,  10838—
101st Streot Sast.
Tho   Fas,    Manitoba—J.    R.    Leith,
Oeneral Delivery.
Winnipeg, Man.; Lnmberworkers' Union, 190 Henry Avonuo.
Legal      ndvlsers: '     McMnrray,
Whoeldon,    McMurray   A   La*
Cochrane, Ont.; B. Orandell, Oeneral
Fort Francis. Out.; 8. O. Moll Boa
390, Webetor BoU.
Sudbury, Oat; S. Quortln, Box 1681,
Llsgsr Stroot.
Montreal; V. Blnotte, 88 St Unroot
■   ■•     ■ **7__-\ FOUR
hthlfth thar. no. 42   THE BRITISH. COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST* Vancouver, b. o.
..Ootober 11, 1120
Published evory Friday morning by Tho B. 0,
Foderationist, Limited
a. & wfcixa.
Offlee:   Boom 1, Victoria Block, 343 Pendor
Street West
Telephone Soymour 5871
Bubscribtion Bates: United Statos and Foreign,
♦3.00 per year; Canada, 12.60 per year, $1.60
tor eix months; to Unions subscribing in a
,   body, 16c per member per montb.
Unity of Laber: The Eope of the World
FRIDAY _» October 16,   1920
THB SO-CALLED prohibition plebis-
cite that is to be taken on the 20th,
cannot by any means be taken to mean
-  that it is to obtain the opinion of the
people on total prohibition, but merely
.bs to  whether they
THE desire the present act
PROHIBITION      to Continue in effect,
QUESTION or prefer government
control. Should the
present act be endorsed, then a further
plebiscite will be taken on the question
of total prohibition. Much propaganda
has been carried on by both sides, but
perhaps the most nauseating piffle that
has been spread is that as to the debasing of the government should the people
decide to have government controL To
suggest for a minute that a government
under the present system eould be de-
; based, even if the members of it should,
as has been suggested, become bartenders, is too funny for words, for all gov-
' ernments operating under capitalism are
engaged in the perpetuation of human
slavery, and the perpetuation of that is
the most debasing thing in the world. It
is not, however, our function to advise
our readers how to vote in any but a
class issue, and prohibition, either in full,
or partially, is not a class issue, but
merely a reform that certain people are
seeking under the present system, and
the liquor evils along with all the effects
of Snodern capitalism can only be swept
aside by tho ending of the system that
creates them.
* • •
• No reform, no matter hpw desirable,
has ever been brought into effect unless
there was an economic base for its enactment. This applies to the prohibition of
intoxicating liquor, just as it does to
workmen's compensation acts, factory
laws and even the elementary education
that the workers now receive in the public schools. It was not until it could be
demonstrated that the enactment of legislation granting workmen compensation
for injury received in accidents in the
operation of industry would be cheaper
• to the employers than the old methods,
that such legislation was enacted. Education was not made compulsory until
the employing class recognized that it,
was necessary for slaves to be educated
in order that they could carry on capitalistic methods of production, and prohibition would never have been pqt into
operation unless there were good and
sufficient economic reasons.
* * '•
■While it is true that many people who
are grieved by the effectB of the immoderate use of intoxicants have not yet recognized that there is an economic basis
to the prohibition movement, this ignorance on their part does/not, however, re-,-
move the real reason why their desires
have been granted them by the governments ef this country and the United
States, Until the demands of the different nations caused by the great war
made it necessary to secure greater efficiency and for the providing of a substitute for gasoline, there was no possibility
of the wishes of the prohibitionist forces
being granted. 'Today the different nations are ready to fight at a moment's
notice over the world's oil fields. The
development of motor transport has
caused such a demand on these natural
resources that they are rapidly being depleted, and it is hardly possible to read
any newspaper without seeing evidences
of the coming conflict between the different groups of capitalistic interests over'
the control of the remaining oil fields.
The freeing of the slave in the south was
also espoused by many who had no vision
. of the economic necessity of modern industry boing supplied with "free"
slaves, neither can many ardent prohibitionists see the necessity of a substitute
. for gasoline, but it exists, and for that
reason prohibition will como more and
moro into operation, because of the fact
that alcohol would appear to be the most
likoly substitute for gasoline for motive
* * *
As free and compulsory education, and
other reforms have acted somewhat contrary to expectations, the abolition of the
bar.has also resulted otherwise than was
contemplated 'While greater efficiency on
the part of the workers was expected, yet
the abolition of the workmen's club, has
< also resulted in greater efficiency on the
part of the workers with regard to their
own affairs, such as organizing, and educating themselves to that point where
they have been able to see the position
they, occupy in society. Therefore, those
that in the past were strongest in their
advocacy for prohibition and greater efficiency of the workers, are now not quite
so sure of their ground, and many are of
. the opinion; expressed by Gompers, "that
prohibition will bring about Bolshevism." These are all side-lights on the
prohibition movement, and must be understood before they can be appreciated,
but the faot remains that the drink evil
and the drug and other habits which are
acquired by the people are but the effects
of the present system. The uncertainty
of life, the worry and stress under the
capitalistic System, have produced the
demand for alleviation by some method,
and consequently the market for 'narcotics and stimulants, and with the demand
in view, the profit enjoying section of
the community has availed itself- of tho
demand, and as in all other industry,
profit and that alone is the mainspring of
production of liquor under capitalism.
With the ethical side of the question the
workers have nothing to do. If prohibition will aid the working class movement
—no matter what benefits the ruling
class secure—then the workers should
vote for it. Only in this light is it a
matter of concern for the workers. There
is no doubt that thc abolition of the bar
has been a .benefit to the working class
movement, but with the present abstract
proposals before the people, a prohibition
act that does not prohibit, and government control that no one knows anything
about, leaves the issue very much in the
dark, and like everything else under capitalism, creates a confusion of mind that
cannot be solved by any other class but
the working class. The only way that
the working elass can solve anything that
is the effect of capitalism, is by a thorough understanding of the system, and
understanding it, bring it to a close, and
with the end of capitalism all the evils it
has created will be swept away, and the
liquor and drug evils with it.
THE TROUBLE that has arisen in .the
0. B. U. as a result of the attitude of
some of the delegates to the Port Arthur
convention, and the cross-currents and
propaganda carried on by one or two officials, has not been
QUESTIONS started with the con-
TO BE sent or approval of the
ANSWERED rank and file. Judging from the information that can be gathered by a perusal of
the list of delegates that attended the
convention, some of which did not see fit
to taketheit seats "because of their own
viewpoints, which cannot be said to be in
keeping with the constitution or the objects of the 0. B. U., it would appear
that the rank and file of the officials had
started a little fight of their own. The
whole 'question resolves itself around
whether the 0. B. U. is to. be
One Big Union, or a federation 'of industrial organizations. This question cannot, however, be settled by the officials
of any particular barnch of the 0. B. tl.,
but must of necessity be a matter that
the rank and file must have the last word
on, and the sooner those that are carrying on the propaganda that is at this
time being spread throughout the country realizes this, and leave those things
which can only be settled by the rank
,and file, to the members, the better it
will be, not only for them, but for the organization generally, as the members are
'by referendum to give their opinions and
decide the issue.
* * *
Realizing the nature of the  controversy, and that members are to be given
the right of dictating as to what form of
organization they will have, we intend to
let the squabbling alone and deal with
.fundamentals.   Turning to the starting
point of the 0. B. U, which was at the
B. 0. Federation of Labor convention,
held at Calgary in March, 1919, we Hnd
,that the intention was to start' one big
union covering all workers with a district form of organization.    The formation of several industrial organizations
with loose affiliation with one another,
was never seriously considered; in fact,
it was plainly pointed out ty more than
lone delegate that industrial organizations
already existed, such as the United Mine
Workers, and other organizations that
were  formed  on a  strictly  industrial
basis, covering all the men working in
ahd around the mine or industry.   The
first intimation that it was intended to
form one big union, and not a number of
industrial    organizations,   was   clearly
given when the secretary, early in the
sessions, asked the following question:
"Mr. Chairman, I would like to
ask a question.  As I take it, the resolution means the formation of one
industrial   organization   from   this
, Province, and not to organize the
workers by industries.   Is that correct."
The chairman replied as follows:
"That is correct. One_ industrial
organization covering all lines. As I
understand it, the various crafts now
in existence would simply all be
members of the same organization
while retaining their present standing."
» *,        «
A little (later in the proceedings, after'
a speech by one of the loggers' delegates,
in whieh he implied that he was of the
opinion that a number of industrial organizations were to be formed, the following question was asked by a miners'
"Mr. Chairman, if the interpretation of this motion has been put on
record by this last speaker, I would
say it is no use to me either in committee or as committee to go and
voice my sentiments in favor of an
industrial union because, we have already got one."
The chairman of the committee which
drafted the proposal to form one big
union, replied as follows:
"My idea of the situation is not to
organize by industry as for example,
the metal trades or the loggers to
themselves. It is to organize into on*
big organization comprising all workers. This is the form of organization that is contemplated, I think.
To organize by industry, is no further than we are at the present time.
The idea behind this is an industrial
organization of all workers, not into
crafts, not into industries, but into
one big organization; that is the idea
behind this resolution."
• •' •
When the constitution of the 0. B. U.
was drafted, the ideas expressed at the
convention, and lator at the Western conference, were given expression to by providing for the represeutar. on of thc members at conventions from districts, and
not from different branches of industry,
as thc Lumber Workers sought at the recent convention, and if the idea of one
big union is to prevail, and the expres
sions of the Calgary convention are to he
the basis of the 0. B. U., there canntt'jw
any place for industrial organizations as
such within it. There must either be One
Big Union, or a federation of industrial
organizations, with their lines of demarcation. It should be noted that where:the
Lumber Workers are in touch with other
industrial workers, there is little desire
to cling to the idea of industrial organizations covering only one branch of industry, and district boards are formed,
which cover all the workers in the district.
• .* *
Those that would oppose the district
form of organization will have to answer
many questions that have not yet bcen
asked before they have proved their case.
One of these is, if the workers, while
members of International craft unions in
any city or district are compelled to organize district councils, and central labor
bodies, because their efforts on oraft lines
are not all sufficient. How will the formation of a number of industrial organizations afflliated with the 0. B. U. be
able to function to any great extent differently from the eraft organizations 1
Will the old lines of demarcation not
eternally spring up in an organization
that bases its representation on per capita tax as sueh a federation of industrial
units would be compelled to dot Where
do the workers take action in any centre! Is it not locally, and have we not
seen the splits between different organic
zations in every industrial trouble under
the craft form of organization?
* *, *
When action is necessary in industrial
troubles, the aid of all workers is essential. It may not be advisable to have
general strikes, but at least the workers
should be at one on the question. This
cannot be if they are divided. While it
may be necessary to form local industrial
units, this does not by any means mean
that national industrial unions must
be organized. The workers may wish
to meet to deal with questions in a
separate industry, but this does not mean
that they must have a seperate organization. The organization will exist on the
job for that purpose) The building up
of industrial units covering the workers
of that particular industi'y from coast to
coast, is not only unnecessary, but costly
and merely following the old form of organization.
*......     .   »
The question the members must settle,
is, as to whether they wish to form) 'an
organization based on the f allaeies of the
I. W. W., and on which that organization
has gone back, or on the understanding
of industrial conditions as they prevail
in this countrjj. They must decide
whether they are going to be content to
control their own funds by the means of
adopting the general fund system, or be
controlled by the pernicious per capltfl
tax system that has been the curse of tie
Labor movement on this continent (tince
it was first adopted. Until the membeft
tontrol their own funds, the per capita
tax system will show its disrupting and
dividing tendencies in the working class
movement. The present division which
exists more in the imagination of a few
persons, than in reality, as will shortly
proven by the actions and expressions
of opinion by the members is largely fostered and made possible by the fact that
the per eapita system is in operation in
the 0. B. U., and until that question,
along with a clear understanding of thc
necessity of class organization, instead of
craft or industrial division of the workers is settled, we shall still continue to
have these storms in a teacup, which are
blown up by individuals having adopted
the attitude of worshipping the organization, instead of what it was formed fo&
and if we are able to understand the
position, then the bringing together oi
the workers, irrespective of craft or industry, is the object of the 0. B. U.
This «an only be done in One Big Union,
not in a number of separate organizations sueh as the Lumber Workers representatives evidently- want to establish.
Unwittingly we did Sylvia Pankhurst
an injustice last week when we referred
to her saving Europe from Bolshevism.
Our references were to Mrs. Pankhurst,
and not to Sylvia, to whom we apologize
for our error.
Hon. John Oliver appears to be like
thc dog chasing his tail these days. He
is kept particularly busy pointing out
that what he said yesterday was not
what he said. But then what does it
matter what he says; it don't amount to
anything anyway.
When the Dominion government threw
a number of the workers into gaol who
were classed as scditionists because they
criticized the government, the people
took it quietly. Now listen to the rear
since the price of sugar has bcen raised.
Is not the price of sugar greater than
the price of liberty! 'g)..
The men who were responsible for running Christophers out of Beinfait, Sask.,
have been acquitted. We wonder what
would have happened to Christophers if
he had bet* instrumental in running the
owners of the mines out of the district J
It would appear to us to bs a case of
whose ox is* gored. This timt it was the
The following news item appeared |n
the Provinee on Wednesday:
Mr. J. H. MoVety, at the request of
the faculty of the University of British Columbia, is delivering a series
of addresses to the economic class of
the University. This morning he addressed it on ancient and modern
unionism. He will deliver another
address on Friday.
We don't know just what McVety
knows about modern unionism, as he still
clings to tho ancient, but if he knows
anything about the new, no doubt the 0.
B. U. will be pleased to give him a hearing.
Big Business'Is Trying,
Through'Newspapers to
Dodge Lifvinoff
(By E. 3. Costello, Managing Editor of the Federated rrega, now
ln Europe.)
Chrlstlanla, Norway.—The presence of Litvinoff, Russian Soviet
envoy, ln Chrlstlanla, has literally
set the Norwegian "kept press" by
the ears. Hardly a day passes ln
which there ls not a scream of rage
spreading across two or more
columns of some "patriotic" newspaper, which fears Bolshevism will
put a quietus on its master's voice.
And the mad chorus swells from
Stavanger to Hammerfest and from
Bergen across the lofty peaks of
Kardanger to Akersgade, the Park
Row of Chrlstlanla.
Let It be* remembered that Litvinoff Is here by express Invitation
of the Norwegian government, contained in a resolution that passed
the recent session of Its parliament
almost unanimously. And it was because millions of barrels of eod and
herring and other deep-sea flsh,
which naturally would be exchanged for Russian corn by way of
Murmansk, were rotting In the fishing villages of the northwest coast
with the .approach of winter
months, the inhabitants of the little towns all the way from Boro to
Verdo, near the Russian boundary
line, were confronted by actual famine conditions, unless aomethlng
was done.
And so the union of fishermen
began an agitation, which finally
forced action on the part of the
government Already he has placed
the first order for approximately
two million kilos of flsh, and other
deals are in process of being completed.
Meanwhile a certain section of
big business, through its newspapers, ls yelling lsslf hoarse ln its
efforts to dislodge Litvinoff. But
there is pressure on the government to keep him here so that
trade with Russia may again flow
freely. And this pressure comes
from tho Fishermen's union and
the exporters. Evidently those who
catch fish and those who export
them are dominating the situation.
When it is stated abroad that Litvinoff ls about to be kcked out of
Norway, these facte should he remembered.
Baltimore.—After a strike of one
week the International Ladiea Garment Workers union here has won
a new agreement which recognises
the closed shop, raises the minimum scale from $44 a week to (50,
and the general wage scale of all
workers by J6.00. Full pay for four
legal holidays during the yoar Is
also provided for ln the new agreement. The 44-hour week heretofore
prevailing has been reaffirmed and
time and one-half for over time
Where le your union buttonf
War Veterans in U. S.
Stage Sham Battle to
Show Its Horrors
(By the Federated Preaa.)
Seattle. — Imitation poison gaa
was one of the effects used tn the
mimic war staged Here by veterans
of the Private Soldiers and Sailors
Legion to acquaint the public wtth
the horrors of the battlefield.
Contesting armies were thrown
along both sides of a river running
through People's Park, Seattle's
open-air free speech auditorium
just outside, the city limits.
At the conclusion of the demonstration resolutions and petitions
protesting against war without a
referendum of the people wer*
signed by t)»e crowds that attended
the exhibition.
Confederation    Delegates    Favor
Direct Action to Nation*
ollae Industry
(London Herald Gable,)
Orleans, France.—French labor
will not Join the Moscow trade union international. By a vote of 60S
to 88 the Confederation General*
du Travail, ln session here, rejected
the proposal to unite with Moscow.
The delegates however went on
record ln favor of direct action to
nationalize Industry and as sympathizing with the Soviet regime and
the Italian communists.
Milwaukee.—What union labor
leaders declared was a result of th*
nation-wide fight by the United
States chamber of commerce for
the open shop,'caused men in two
more shops in Milwaukee to lose
their work only to bs offered places
in other shops at .reduced wages
the next day.
Phone Seymour 8409
The Sparkling Comedy
"le Spendthrift"
Neil Week
A Musical Comedy •
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We oarry a f nil line of
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Phono Seymour 623B i
Our Selling System
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Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores
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Burberry Coats
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J. W. Foster
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Writes all classes uf insurance.
Representing only flrat-olasi
Board companies. If insurance
is wanted, write or phone Bey.
Office   address,   308-9   Winch
Building, Vancouver, B. O.
Matinee 2:80
Evenings _. 8:20
Ring np Phone Soymour ISM
tor appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite 301 Dominion Building
OHiM Bonn:   10 to 19 a.m., 9 to S
p.m.   Ironlnge: T to I pja. Mender. Wednesday ee* Friday.
—       Phont ler. 0470.
Dr. Willard Coates
Chiropractor .end Drugleaa Phyeutaa
(Sueoeseor to Dr. John Onr)
80-81-89 P. Bum Bldf., lt Hsattnga
St.. W., Vancouver, B. 0.
(Botwoen Fautegea Theatro end B. C.
E. R. Station)
Pbone Sey. 821     -Ssy or Night
Noun, Thomson ft Olegg
SSI Hornet St  Vancouver, E a
1180' oeorgia street
Sunday eervloea, 11 a-ia. ant 7.80 ,m.
Bandar eeliool launadlatalr following
moraine aerrloe. Wedneaday toatlmoalel
meetlnff, 8 p.m. Proa roading rooM,
001008   Birks   Bldf.
tfnlon noelalt, write 'for priot*.  Wo
Houra:   10-11 a.m., 1-1 p.m.
Bvenlnje E-l, Mon., Wed., Fri.
Dr. Edgar W. Moore
103-101-105 Carter-Cotton Bldg.
Hastings and Cambie Ste.
Phone Sep, 3359
Funeral Directors
and Eiqjbalmers
Funerals ot Dignity it "fair
Falrvtew: Office and Chapel,
2101 Granville Street
Phone Bay 3100.
North Vanoouver: Office ud
Chapel, 12S Sixth SI. W,
Phone N. V. 114.
Mount Pleaeant:   Office ud
Chapel, 2111 Main St
Phone Fairmont 61,
IS Haatinge St B.
0. B. V. OABD
Patronlaa Hum Who Petrealae Teal
IT la ee ouormona talk today tie
manufacturer! of telephono equip*
ment to maintain aa adequate aet*
put. Thojr ara away behind la thilr
ordera, owing to ahortego of workup
raw materiale, inefficient transportation and other caueee. In tha meta.
time, Central la supplying aer .lee wlu
the meana at her disposal. She la
working harder thaa eTer, realising
that the telephone la a great -feeler
in aoolal and buolneio Ufa. Te her
belongs the oredft of assuming greater
bnrdone booauae of shortage of esulp-
ment. When 70s telephone, think of
tor end what aha la doing.
British Columbia Telephone Co.
M.F. EBY.B.A..M.E.
Swedish lineage, Radiant Beet end
Eleotrleal Treatmente-of ell kinds.   .
Phone Bey 3770L.   Bonn 9 to S M
Take Bait Un. Oer     ,
Phoae Sey. 1171. p. Feeroea
Bet aad Oold Wexr—Steaaa Welt
Boone Under Mew Ifaaegoneat
Buffet end Mask Counter la Baa-
Make yeu home thare while la town.
Don't Be a Drudge!
La Salle Extension University
(Home Study) offers yon tha
chance yon need (br complete
training ln Traffic Management
Higher Aocountuoy, Salosman-
ahlp and other Special couroea
that meu Higher Salarlee.
Either sex. Any age, Convenient term* Write or call for literature. District office:
Phone Sey. 1759
Give a little encouragement
our advertiser* I-RIPAY. Oototer 11, 1110
•rWELFTH TBAB.    NO. 42
Clubb & Stewart are
making a special
showing of OVERCOATS
this week, warm, yet light
to carry, reliable makes
from $30,00 up.
Purchase early and preserve your health
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's and Boys' Clothiers
2 Stores
I -
Olear, thin drinking glaseee very
speolal at per dosen  _..-_.._
QoMledsre large elee eupe and
saucers, special, six (or .. —	
Mis-matched set of 46 pieces
very specially priced ...—..	
Oet the Happy Habit and visit "Toyland" weekly. A Una line of dolls, toys, gamee, •TB^e
ete. Little Bowler Ie a winner at    I OC
"Headquarters for China and Toys"
MB Hastinsa Street West Pbone Seymour MS
Export Work and Satisfaction Guaranteed
The O.B.U. Shop
Just off Haatings Street.    Phone R. F. 954
Referendum on the Amendments to &e 0. B. U.
Constitution Adopted by the Port Arthur Convention
The followngare tht proposed amendments to the Constitution of the O. B. U., which
were adopted at the Port Arthur eonvention, which the General'Secretary is submitting to
"a"referendum vote of tie membership:
No,. 1. That in thenreamble $£ the Constitution *,ae words f'not according to craft but
according to industry" be deleted.
No. 2. That Clause 2 of the Constitution be changed to, redd, "Membership in the O.
B. U. shall be open to all wage workeri.
No. 3. That Clauses 6 and 7 be amended as follows: "A General Executive Board
•hall be elected from the floor of the eonvention, consisting of five memben. Each District
Board or Central Labor Council of two thousand (2000) members or more, shall be entitled
to elect one additional Board member. The Executive Committee shall elect their own
chairman, and they shall hire a Secretary, who must not be a member of Ihe Board."
No. 4. That the following new clause be added after Clause 7: "That General Headquarters shall be located at such place as may be decided by the Annual Convention, subject to the approval of the membership."
No. 5. That in Clause 8, the words reading, "Under the direction of thc General Chairman," be deleted, and the following words substituted; "Under the direction of the General
Executive Board." '.. ■
No. 6. That the following be added after Clause 8: "In order to prevent overlapping
and disputes the approval of the G. E. B. must be obtained in conducting organization work
in new territory, and the opening up of offices in new districts. (This Clause shall not be
construed to interfere with the organization work of Councils and Boards in their own district.)"
No. 7. That in Clause 11 of the Constitution, the words reading "shall provide statement for reason for so doing," shall read: "Shall notify them of their action."
No. 8. That the following be added after Clause 17: "Central Labor Councils shall consist of delegates from local units in sny town or city. A District^ Board shall be defined as
a delegated body elected from units or camps in a certain industrial region" for the purpose
of taking oare of the internal affairs of their industry."
No. 9. That the following be added after Clause 17: "Any section in arrears for per
capita tax for a period of three months, shall be suspended, and .every branch must be in
good standing for at least thirty (30) days prior to the convening of the convention, in order to secure representation."
No. 10. That Clause 18-of the Constitution be deleted, and the following substituted:
"All Central Labor Councils, District Boards and isolated units shall have a voting power
equal to average number of members that per capita has been paid upon from the date of
•previous convention, but no one delegate shall have a voting strength of more than one
thousand (1000). Note—To obtain average, add together number of members that per
capita has been paid'upon between convention periods, and divide total by number of
months between conventions, for' which per capita should be paid.)
No. 11. That the following be "added after Clause 18: '"Ae General Secretary shall
compile a \_i of delegates from the credentials in his possession, upon which no protests
have been received, and these delegates shall compose the convention until the report of the
Credential Committee is received. The Credential Committee stall be appointed by the
Executive Committee, and all other committees elected by the convention."  •
No. 12. That the.last section of Clause 23 be amended to read as follows: "On the
failure of any unit, council or body to send in a financial report (after 30 days notice from
the Executive Board), then the next highest authority shall have the right to audit the
books of the delinquent organization."
No. 13. That Clause 28 be deleted, and the following substituted: "Every section of the
One Big Union must use the official membership* receipt, issued by the General Executive
No. 14. That the following new olause be $dded to the Constitution: "That all amend,
ments to the Constitution shall be submitted to a referendum vote of the membership with-
in 30 days after the adjournment of the convention, except when conditions warrant an extension of time."
No. 15. That the offlee of the General Executive Board bf/iAoved from Vancouver to
Winnipeg."       '•[. 	
Auckland, N.^.—Craft unionism
being no longer popular ln New
Zealand, the N, Z. Federation of
Labor movement contpoBad of craft
unions has gone out of existence.
An effort ls being made to unite all
labor unions ln the Alliance of Labor which le organised on Industrial lines.
The Akron (Ohio) Unionist, le
authority for the etatement that
while the big rubber plants there
have laid off nearly 40,000 men ln
the past two months, they are at
the aame time advertising for thousands of men to come to Akron tp
work in their factories.
In Prices
We Show the
Greatest Values
Comparison Will
Prove It
My Shop this fall is known as "Overcoat
Headquarters."   Note the following prices:
988 values for __ $ 19,50 *» *■*«•■ for —$44.90
$46 values for —$26.85 •» va,ues for - $49.95
$65 values fot —$33.75 *w *■*>•■ {ot ~- $59.75
$65 values for —$38.85 *100 «*» '« -$68.50
Just take a look into our windows
and see a few of the models
Robinson's Clothes Limited
Corner Has'ags and Richards Streets
...svor World Nowspaper) ,
Europe Is Facing
A Terrible Winter
(Continued from page 1>-
ln Europe today—th. polioy of
Soviet Russia and the policy ot imperial France.
The economic situation Inside the
British Isles would not be bad If
the coal question and the unemployment problem could be solved,
and lf there were no council of action with the world of power that
it la able to wield on the one question of the Russian-Polish situation. But the council of aetion ls
there—and there to atay.
Rulers Nervous
Wh. can say whether er not th.
winter will see some more fundamental and revolutionary outbreaks
ln the starved eaet or ln .the discontented west of Europe. The rulers of Europe are nervous—more
nervoue than the Hohenzollerns
and the Romanoffs were In 1918.
They have good reason to be. The
workere of Europe are feeling a
new confidence and a new sense of
the power that Is rapidly coming
Into their hands.
Meanwhile, the Treaty,   by   lta
day'to day operation, makes it
rnore and more evident that the
capitalist system that made the war
cannot make any peace that ls
Worthy of the name. That taak will
be one of the flrst considerations
of the labor governments that are
rlelng to power in every one of
the important countries of western
and central Europe.
Owing to th. sal. of tb. Vaneoaver Labor Temple, th. offloes of
the Federatlonist have been moved
to Rooms 1 and 1, Victoria Block,
141 Pender Street West. Correspondents an requested to make
note of thie.
Don't forget the Defense whist
drive and danoe In tin. Dominion
Bail (to-night) Friday, good prison
for whist. Admission, gents, SOe.;
ladles, 16a
Unseating of the SociaUst assemblymen by the New Tork legislature wae unanlmoualy protested
by the quadrennial convention of
the International Association' of
Machinists ln Rochester. Every
mention of Debs' name brought
cheers. The eonvention voted $500
for the general amnesty fund of the
New Tork labor movement
Brown grey fawn taupe and nigger spate
in 10 Button height, at. 92.50
A finer quality with higher .top, in all
wanted colore, at _ $3.00
I Till
Ladies' browh'"feid bals, 9-in top, Cuban
and Louis heels. Begular $11.00 values
at .'.  $7.95
 . _^ ,	
Misses' Kor Ker make of shoes, in blaek and brown.
Begular $5.50 values at -U.j. $3.05
 >.—: wt	
Boys' Boots, a sppeial lot   ti^'black calf and chrome;
1 to 5y2, at  « $3.95'
Pointed and round toe Dress Shoes; black and brown
calf.   Begular $10.00, at $7.95
Men's $10.00 Work Boots, in black and brown at $7.95
51 Hastings W.
3 for. .....
»1.00 TONO PHOS.
for. '.__..._____.	
FOOD. ,	
for. ™	
♦1.50 VICTOR
(1.00 VtNOL,
Bey. 1MB and lte.
Seymonr 8511
Bajrvtew Ui*
New Stor.:
'  aa. oata
Workers Beware!
The Prohibitionists' Idea of Fair Play
"The Liberty of the Subject"
«I/"\NLY recently the Premier of
vy one of our leading prohibition
province! objected to the suggestion
that a Provincial law ihould be pasied
prohibiting the possession of liquor, on
the ground that this would be interference with the liberty of the subject.
Ca nany one conceive auch utter inconsistency ss « statement of thi? kind by
one advoesting prohibition. Surely the
Tery first principle of prohibition is interference with the liberty of the subject, so that there is no need to strain
«t a gnat and swallow a camel, and
such an attitude can only give support
to the allegation frequently made that
the numbzer of those willing to vote
for prohibition, in puMtt, would
switch around u the sanctity of th*
otllar were threatened, is so gnat that
the political professors of prohibition
dare not advocate a measure drastic
enough to be consistent with their own
contentions. If prohibition is right
and the will of the people, the WHISKEY HT THE RIOH MAM'S OELLAR
MAN'S TABLE, and it is the duty of
our .public men to say so and tal aet
Late Chief Aaelatant Preveat ManhaL
The Grand Old
Man of British
"How oan J, who drinks wine and
bitter beer every day of my life in a
comfortable room and amongst friendi
coolly stand np and advise hard-working fellow creatures to take ths
The Grand Old
Man of Organized Labor
"Any one with money will alwayi
be able to obtain liquor In any prohibition country. It it the poor devil of a
worlongman who win bo deprived of
his social hour and bo driven to drink
all manner of poisonous staff. This
has already begun."
vernment Control PAGE SIX
The Greatest Enemy of Freedom
Whether you are a Prohibitionist or for
Moderation  and  Government  Control,   do
your duty by British Columbia and
On Wednesday Next, Oct. 20th
Polls Open from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m.
Those who happen to be away from where
they registered oan vote by going to the nearest polling booth and telling the Presiding
Offloer. He will take an affidavit on Form 27
and take the ballot.
Don't Be a HUMAN "DUD"
If yoa don't know wliat a dud le, oak any Returned Soldier
Moderation League
608 Hastings Street West     Vanconver, B. 0.
twelfth year,  no. 42   THE BRITISH COl^MBIA FttUERATIONIST   Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY October Ui Itl
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap gooda can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
ii produced from tbe highest grade materials procurable
•—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish*
Vancouver Unions
OOUNOIL—Preildent,   J.   M.   Clarko;
Tlee-nrei Ident, R. W. H-tlty, iecretary
3 0. Smith; treuurer, A. S. Weill;
•ergeant-at'krini, E. Home; trustees,
Cwr, Vanrublen, Sievonvright and Midg-
•ler- lleeta Srd Wednesday eaoh month
Id the Pender Hall, corner of Pender and
Howe itrceti.   Phone Sey. 291.
Meeta last Bunday ol each month at
2 p.m. Preildent, A. E. Robb; flee-
preaident/ 0. H. Collier; iceretarytreu*
urer,  R. H. NeelandB, Boi 86.
ell—Meeti    leeond    Monday    in    the
■onth.    Preaident, J. F. McConnell: aeo-
retary, R. H. Neelindi, P. 0. Boi 66.
•nd Reinforced Ironworkeri, Local 07
•-Meets leeond and fourth Mondays.
Preaident Jai. Hastings; flnanclal secretary and treaiurer, Roy MnsBecar, Room
218 Labor Temple,
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meuts A. tf. P. Hall, Mount Pleasant
1st and 3rd Mondaya at 10.16 a.m. and i
p.m. Preaident, R. Rigby; recording
secretary, F. E. Griffin, 447—6th Avenue
East; treaaurer, F. Sidaway; flnanolal
eecretary and buainess agent, W. H. Cot*
troll, 4308 Dumfries Street; office cornor
Prior and Mala Sts. Pbone Fair. 8604 tt.
Lumber Indnatry (eamp and mill)
neet with fellow workers In that Indus-
try. Organise Into the Lumber Workers
Industrial Union of the 0. B. U.  Head-
Iaartere, 81 Cordova 8t. W., Vancouver.
'hone Sey. 7866.	
0. B. U.—President, R. W. ■Hatley.
aeeretary, J. G. Smith. Meete 1st Wednesday ln eaoh month In Pender Hall,
ear. of Pender and Howe atreets.   Phono
Sey. aei.
ployeee, Loeal 28—Meets every aecond
Wednesday In the month at 2:80 pan.
and evory fourth Wednesday in tho month
at 8:80 p-m. President, John Cummings,
laaretrry and business agent, A. Graham.
Oflee and meeting hall, 614 Pender St.
W. Phone Sey. 1881. Offico hours, 8
ajn. to 0 p.m. 	
Association, Looal 88-52—Offlce and
hall, US Oordova St. W. Meete flrst
Wd third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary
.reesurer, F. Chapman; business agent,
B. Richards.
are' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Temple. President, W.
Wilson, 2288 Granville Street; secretary,
E, T. Kelly, 1850 Hastings St. E.; re*
cordlBf-ieeretary. L.- Holdsworth,, 539—
14th St. W., North Vaneonver.
dusirial Unit of the One Big Union—
An Induatrlal union of all workers in log-
flog and tonitructlon campi. Coast District and Oeneral Headquarters, 61 Cordova Bt. W., Vaneoaver, B. C. Phone Soy.
7886. E. Winch, general secretary
. treuorer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Maedonald * Oo., Vanconver, B. C.; auditor!, Messrs. Buttar * Ohlene, Vancouver, B. 0.
tha 0. B. U. meet In their union haU
at Booma 8 and 4 Empire Hotel, 76 Hastings East, flrst and third Wednesday in
the month. President V. Oweni; vlce-
prealdent, D. Carlin: aecrotary, Earl King.
Phone Sey. 8698.     	
Lnmber Industry, organise Into the L.
W. I. V. of the 0. B, U. Millworkers, branches meet as follows:
Vameonver—Lumber Workers* headquartera, 61 Oordova Bt. W. Every Monday
New Westminster—Labor Hall, cor. Royal
Ave. and 7th Bt. 2nd and 4th Wednesdaya at 8 p.m.
Fraser Mills—Old Moving Picturo Theatre, Maillardville. 2nd and 4th Thureday, t p.n.
Port Moody—Orange Hall, 2nd Friday,
•very montk, at I p.m."
ara' Unit of the One Big Unloa, Meta*-
Ufereas Miners—Vancouver, B. 0-, head-
Marten, 01 Cordova Btreet Weit. All
warkera engaged In thie industry are
urged to loin the Union before going on
|W Job. Don't wait to ba organised, but
irganlse yoonelf.
Morth America (Vancouver and vleln-
Hr)—Branch meeta seeond and fourth
Mondere. Room 304 Labor Temole. P
Ltt, Wm. Hunter, ,118 Tenth Ave. N
Vancouver; flnanclal aeeretary, E. God-
lard. 160 Richards Street: recording aeeretary, J. D. Rusiell, B2t Commercial
Rive.   Phone High. S204B.
on Bridgemen, Derrickmen and Riggers
•f Vanconver and vicinity. Meeta every
Monday, 8 p.m., In 0, B. U. Hall, 804
Pender Bt. W. President, T. L. Hewitt
flnanclal aeeretary and businsss agent, E.
Harne. Phone, Seymonr 2P1.
ara—Tou need tha Camp Workeri of
I onr Indnatry. They need you. Organise
sgether in the 0. B. U. Indutsrlal Unit
ef your occupation. Delegatea on every
fob, nr write the District Headquarters,
ll Cordova St. W., Vancouver. Entrance
lee, $1.00; monthly dues, fl.00.
Fasteners, I.L.A.. Local Union 88A,
Series 6—Meete the 2nd and 4th Fridays
if the month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
Preeldent, William Maylor; flnanclal aeeretary and business agent, M. Phelpa;
torrespondlng secretary, W. Lee. Office,
Room 207 Labor Temple.
Provincial Unions
and Labor Council—Moeta flrst and
third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias
Hall. Kortli Park Street, at 8 p.m. President, E. S. Woodward; vice-president,
A. 0. Pike; aecretary-treaaurer, Chrletiau
Siverts, P. 0. Box 802,  Victoria. B. 0,
Moots flrst and third Friday each montb
at 1421 Oovernment Stroet.   Third Friday
opon forum.   Secretary, E. Waterson.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meeti every Tuesday in the Mclntyre Hall at 8 p.hi. Meet-
luge open to all 0. B. U. members. Sec-
retary-troanurer, N. Booth, Box 217
Prince. Rupert,  B.  0.
Get the
Love Habit!
BEDS, Etc., Bt cost. Our stock
ia Big .and ao ara our Bargains. Watch our Anctlon
Snaps. Furniture Bought and
Love & Co.
Phone Seymour 2745
The Cant and Hypocrisy of the Moderation
League Is Without Parallel
Telephone Sey. 2401
House Phona R-P 18B7L
816  Standard Bank Building
810 Hastings St. W., Vanccuver. B. 0.
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A r.llibl. Regulating Fill (or Womon, 15
a box. Sold at all Drug Store,, or mailed
to any addreu on receipt ot price, th*
8cob.ll Drug Oa., St. Oatharlan, Oatarlo.
Restores Vim and Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; Increases "gray matter;" a Tonic
—will build you up. |3 a box, or two for
15, at drug stores, or by mail on receipt
of priee. Tha Scobell Drag Co., SI. Oath*
arines. Ontario.
Ballard's Furniture Store
Phone Say, 2137
We alwaya carry In stook a good
selection of dining-room, parlor, kitchen and bedroom furniture, also
linoleum and medium priced carpet
squares, rugs, etc. We can sate you
money aa wo ara out of the high rent
In last week's Federationlit
some, flaring mis-statements' were
made in a paid advertisement
which, no doubt, was issued by the
officials of the Moderation League.
The writer ot the advertisement
was evidently attempting to pose as
a strong sympathizer with the aims
and aspirations of Labor if not, In
fact, as a working man himself.
His appeal, his methods, his loose
statements, his crude economics,
however, loudly proclaimed the
fact that he was not what he purported to be, for his whole outlook
was that of an outsider and utterly
foreign to that of the average
worker. Even a cursory glance at
his statements will show how Uttle
he knows about the Labor Movement and its attitude towards the
Prohibition question.
To enter Into the different points
raised ln the appeal and to answer
them one by one would be futile
for they are 00 strained and twisted that they bear their own refutation, but on the question of where
Labor stands on the Prohibition la-
sue the best answer obtainable le
to let well-known men of the Labor Oovernment speak for themselves.
Here is the kind of stuff the appeal Is made of:— 1/
"Capitalism: Prohibition."
"It hardly needs investigating to see that Capitalist Interests have something to do with
the prohibition movement"
"The Union Worker does
not need to go far to see how
much .and how strongly the
capitalist Is behind the Dry
Movement, and agalnat tho
Government Control Movement."
"All the excuses and denials
In the world cannot efface this
fact—the fact that the prohibition supporters are largely
gathered from the capitalist
class and from a class that is
fostered and fattened by Capital."
Before dealing with what Labor representatives say on the' question lt will be noted ln passing to
what extremes the Moderation
party will go, the party largely
comprised of self-constituted
champions of "Law and Order" for
here we flnd them making—what
they would be the flrBt to denounce in other circumstances—
as an appeal to'class-consciousness
and to class-hatred.
If the above paragraph had appeared in a trade union pamphlet
or* an O. B. U. manifesto it would
be branded by these same gentlemen as Bolshevism, I.W.W'lsm. and
sedition of the "Reddlst" type, but
coming from the Moderation League with the pious hope that It will
win them a temporary advantage,
it ls perfectly O. K. All this, however, goes to show the truth of the
Rev. Ernest Thomas's statement
that when the shoe is on the other
foot there Ib at least respect for law
as law In the Vancouver Club than
In the Labor Movement..
In regard to the statment that
Capitalism   is  behind   Prohibition,
let us Bee who are prominent on
both sides of the present struggle?
On the Prohibition    side    they
Mr. William Savage,
Dr.  Telford,
Dr. Gillespie,
The Rev. Ernest Thomas,
The Rev. Richmond Craig,
The Rev. A, E. Cook,
Mr. Tom Richardson.
Mr. Wm. Trotter.
Can any one show where these
men in the past have been champions of capital, and active ln opposing social progress? As a matter of fact several ot them have
been active supporters of Labor aspirations for years,-and, Mn many
cases, have brought opprobrium on
themselves for their outspoken de<
nunciatlon  of  the  prosent system
and their appeals on behalf of
new social order.
Contrast these men with those
prominent on the Moderation side:
Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper,
H. Bell Irving,
Capt. Ian McKenzle.
The laiter gentleman was a leading spirit in the so-called Citizens'
League during a recent strike. His
famous bulletin can not be forgotten. The Daily World refused one
of their advts. as "Inflammatory1
and the aame advt. caused a stoppage in the Daily Province, as the
printers refused to put it into typR.
Up to the present time wo have
not looked upon these gentlemen
as champions of democracy, but
perhaps we have been doing them
an unjustice. From now onward*
we will wait and see what further
active steps they are going to take
In the flght ngainst the dominating
Influence "that Is fostered and fattened by capital," which, to judge
from their advertisement, Is one
of the main Issues at the present
Turning with abhorrence from
such cant, we will now see what
well known men of the Labor
Movement in B. C. and elsewhere
hnvo to say for themselves on the
vital Issue. How does labor stand
in regard to Prohibition?
V. K. Mldgley, General Secretary,
One Big Union:
"Prohibition was enforced during the war by the Government on
behalf of the 'big interests' for the
purpose of increasing the efficiency
and productivity of the workers.
"It has also, however, had nn effect upon the working class that
the masters did not desire, that of
clearing their mental outlook and
enabling them to take a more intelligent interest ln their material
conditions, I know from my practical experience ln the labor movement during the last ten years
"(a) It ls almost Impossible to
conduct a meeting of working men
attended by two or three 'drunks.'
"(b) Drink will break a Btrike
quicker, than anything else, except
hunger, not only because the men
waste on drink funds that might be
expended on food, but because of
the quarrels that result from Intoxication, and also because of the
lowered morale of the strikers, that
is the mental nnd physical result
of drinking alcoholic liquor.
"(c) The wage-slave that tries
to drown the misery of his daily
toll and poverty In 'booze' Is hopeless; he can neither be organised
nor educated, and lt will require a
sober, organized and ' educated
working class to emancipate Itself
from wage-slavery.
W. R. Trottor:.. "I wonted In
favor of the adoption of the orlgt
nal Prohibition Act, and - shall
support Its continuance as amended at last session. The benefits to
organized workers have proven
that we had "no bats ln our belfry,"
on the first occasion, but that the
ground taken was sound.
"Government sale means liquor
control of the government and an
attempt to re-ohloroform those
who have escaped. Whoever Is
found guilty of supporting this reactionary step Is no friend of the
working class."
E. Winch, General Secretary-
Treasurer, Lumber and Camp
Workers' Union:
"As a result of some considerable experience In labor activities,
covering over 26 years ae a owrker
'on the job,' I am of the opinion
ttat the employer had little to fear
of his ownership of the means of
produotlon being challenged by a
working class In which'the uie of
alcohol and drugs was prevalent;
but as soon as the workers came
to a realization of the detrimental
effects to themselves mentally, physically and socially which followed
the use of these pojsons, then oame
Into existence the possibility of a
working class capable of throwing
off Its chains.
"The worker who 'does his bit'
tn the use of alcohol and drugs Is
falling in 'doing his bit' to the ful
lest extent of hli ability toward the
emancipation of hii clasa; and
more workers are realizing this fact
and acting accordingly."
R. P. Pettlpleoe, former Editor
B. C. "FederationiBt:" "I'll vote
dry Is there Is to be any next time.
After witnessing several strikes under the new conditions, I begin to
grasp fully what the dry campaigners meant by a sober working class.
They have turned their attention
from the bar to the boss. The business agents have a better time, and
they are displaying more solidarity
and better judgment than I would
at one time have deemed possible.
employing fraternity knew quite
what .they were doing when they
advocated this measure. They have
a better grip dn the workers when
the booze is around than they are
very likely to get when their heads
are clear." ont
■S. S. Woodsworth:,. "Many of ahe
labor officials attribute the 'growing power of labor and the measure
of success which labor has attainted
In recent industrial disputes Very
largely to the abolition of the! drink
traffic which haa given labor twen
clearer heads and larger economic
resources." itvoii
Rov. Wm. Ivens, Winnipeg;
"Throw overboard your enemy ,-tlhe
booze. Get on the water wagon,
Sober men and clear thinking .go
together. Only the clear thinker
can solve the workers' problems'of
the future to their own advantage."
Harry Veitch, chairman Winnipeg Labor Party, 1919: "I am convinced that Prohibition has proved
a blessing to the Labor Party. We
no longer have to compete with the
bar-room for attendance*^ union
meetings, and the improvement ln
conditions ls readily seen."
James A. Duncan, Seattle Central
Labor: "We are against Samuel
Gompers because he organised the
booze special for labor to go to
Washington to protest agalnat Prohibition. Seattle Is first, last and
all-the time for Prohibition."
The Independent Labor Pnrty
(British) at Easter of this year, by
a vote of 269.to 164 came out emphatically for Prohlibtton.
Glasgow Trades and Labor CouncU, later took similar action by a
vote of 99 to 32.
The Scottish Trndw Union Con
gross went on record favoring Prohibition as against State control,
at their convention in April of this
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Coun
ell in March, 1919, voted unanl
mously in favor of Prohibition.
The above statements are conclusive. They show where labor
stands, and throw back the lie in
the face of those who say that the
supporters of Prohibition are drawn
from a class that Is "fostered and
fattened by capital."
In British Columbia on this occasion the workers are overwhelmingly on the dry side, and their
reasons aro clear and unmlstake-
able. The men quoted above are
not metaphysical twister's or hairsplitting theorists. Some of them
opposed the original Prohibition
Act on theory. After experience
as practical men they are straightforward enough to say that Prohibition ls in the Interests of the
workers. The everyday activities
of all of these men are known to
the or'ganstied and unorganized labor movement in British Columbia.
Contrast the nttitude of these
labor men with that of Commander
Roid, a government officio*; speaking for the Moderation League,
who says:
"Reds     and    revolutionises
were being made of formerly
quiet workers who now found
timo to dwell upon    troubled)
real or    imaginary, and #H6
were    becoming    sulky    Hh_
They wonld souse the worker to
keep him suhfecrvicnt.   Tills liypo-
crlsy Is transparent.
Government sale ts a move 6t the
Enemy. Advt
Organizing Work Being
Done and Forum
At the regular meeting of the
Prince Rupert Central Labor Council, O. B. U.f held on September
28th there was an unusual quantity of correspondence to be
dealt with, owing to their being no
meeting the previous week, being
fair week. The educational committee reported that steps had been
taken to secure Mra. Rose Henderson to speak at the forum ln the
near future, and the committee was
also Instructed to write Comrade
Flowers of Lob Angeles, editor of
the Forge, that if he was contemplating a tour of B. a, the council
would be pleased to utilize hla services and could route htm east to
Prince George,
The correspondence from Anyox
and Alice showed a gratifying increase of membership ln the first-
mentioned camp and a practically
100 per cent organisation at Alice
Arm, with a live membership. The
Improvements promised at the conclusion of the atrike are being Installed and are of a good type: The
accommodation at the Wolf Mine
Is also being Improved. The convention of the Metallferous Miners
Industrial Unit was to convene in
the headquarters ln Prince Rupert
on October 4th for the purpose of
drafting a constitution to the submitted to he membership.
The first meeting of the public
forum organized by the counoll,
took place on Sunday, September
26th, and the seating accommodation was Insufficient to accommodate the crowd. The speaker was
the Rev. Wm. Stevenson from Victoria, and his subject was "Labor
and Its Allies," 'having particular
reference to the prohibition movement and the agitation for government control as an alternative. The
speaker was touring the country
under the auspices of the Prohibition Party, and his address was listened to with keen Interest, and
many questions were asked at the
conclusion of his address. The
sense of government control had
Its advocate In Mr, W, Lynch, who
took the ground that prohibition
had been a failure wherever it had
been tried, but waB unable to explain what government control
meant In detail. The council Is considering the proposition of purchasing another hundred chairs to
accommodate future meetings.
The hospital committee, through
Mrs. Booth, recommended that the
council take steps to obtain repre-
senation on the board of management. A demented Japanese patient was ln the same ward as some
convalescent patients and kept
them awake at night with his ravings. If there was no other accommodation the private wards should
be used for such cases. At present
convalescent coses were In the
basement ward, which was a dismal
place, away from the sunlight. After debate the report was accepted
and the matter of securing representation referred to the committee
which was to procure all data avail
able as to the basts of representation and management of the hospital, and report back Its recommendations.
A circular letter from the Grand
Army of United Veterans of Vancouver suggesting co-operation between soldier, farmer and labor bodies ln the forthcoming elections,
was considered, and after debate,
in which some speakers approved
the proposition a'nd others took the
opposite stand, was laid over for
one week, the communication to be
posted In the meantime.
Fellow Worker Fanthorp from
Victoria was present and briefly
addressed the council on conditions
past and present In Vict6ria. The
matter of organizing an orchestra
for the forum meetings .was left In
the hands of Delegate W. H. Derry.
The assistant-secretary reported
that the attempt to hold a meeting
of native fishermen during fair
week waB unsuccessful owing to the
fact that the date happened to be
on the finest day of the week and a
ball game In progress. However,
many natives had been signed up
during the week, and they were
showing a keen Interest in the O.
B. U. Tho work of organizing and
explaining the alms of the O. B. U.
would now have to be done in the
native villages by an organizer acquainted with the native language,
and this was propably the only effective way it could be done. Such
an organizer was available.
The lack of activity of the Building Trades Unit waa criticized. One
of the contributory reasons was
that many of the members have
been Ashing all summer. There
were no members reported out of
The state of affairs at the shingle
mifl In the dry dock, which had
failed to pay wages due was <
cussed. Some of the men with $
coming were still working. The
sheriff was reported to have seized
a carload of shingles for wages. No
definite action was taken, and adjournment was taken, at 10 p.m.
Pamphlet Foretells Vast Realignment of Forces Working
for American Industrial Democracy,
Washington — Ammerlcan capitalism is denounced by the National
Catholic Welfare Council, the official spokesman ln civic ideals of
the Roman Catholic Church ln
America, in a pamphlet by the Rev.
R. A. McGowan, reviewed at length
in the September Issue of the National Catholic War Council Bulletin just publishod here. This step
Is epochal In American industrial
development. It fortells a vast realignment of the forces working for
industrial democracy on the North
American continent.
Division No. 2 Canadian Railroad
Employees Department will hold Its
annual convention tn Winnipeg this
Edmonton and the O, B. V.
Editor B. C. Federationist: The
press no doubt has by this time
made profit out of the situation in the O. B. U. and what has
transpired In Edmonton. Damage
has been done at least for the time
being. ThlB may not be noticeable to the office and desk hands of
the 0. B. U. In Edmonton and
other places, who do their organizing from a typewriter and collect
dues from those who will bring
them to them, But those who do
the work, the groundwork on the
Job will And that through the developments in Endmonton, the
position of the Internationals has
become much stronger. And
many I presume, will ask themselves before asking a fellow-worker
to Join this organization, "Am
going to provide a battle ground
for paid officials and organizers?
And can the worker be fooled forever by desk hands, secretaries and
organizers? Can the workers.beneflt by a change of the the G. E. B.
Keep  the Worker
In attacking Prohibition and urging Government
Sale at a Moderationist Meeting on October
llth, Commander Reid, Vancouver Harbor
Master, and a GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL, said:
"Reds" and revolutionaries were being made of
formerly quiet workers who now found time to
dwell upon troubles, real and imaginary, and who
were becoming sulky and grouchy." — Vide Sun,
October 12th.
SOME Compliment to Labor!
by replacing one set of autocrats
(they were called such at the meeting in Edmonton) for another set?
My opinion 1b that a change from
Knight to Berg, from Midgley to
Winch and any other changes of
Individuals knowing some of the
individuals is not going to provide
any more bread and butter for the
workers. And lt ls high time that
the workers see to it, that they
themselves see to it that none but
workers and no ofllce clerk or any
paid official attend conventions of
the O. B. U. In future. When either
Midgley or Berg speak of control it
means control by a bunch of parasites. And whether they aro industrials pr politicians of any
brand does not matter, both can be
autocrats. Officialdom leads to
autocracy under any form of organization.
Who goes to conventions? A
sample of officialdom a la Gompers
we have here in Edmonton. Who
attends the Lumber Workers' convention in Vancouver from Edmonton ?—Berg. Elected when
and where? By how many members? Who attended the Miners'
convention along with one other
delegate?—Berg, Who attended
the Miners' convention along with
one other delegate?—Berg. Who
attended the O. B. U. convention at
Port Arthur?—Berg. Is Berg an
official? Answer for yourself by
going further. Berg Is secretary
Lumber WorkerB' district, Edmonton. When elected? Put the answer here	
Berg ts secretary Central Council,
Edmonton. Berg is secretary General Workers, Edmonton. How
Berg, who is a member of the Lumber Workers' got to be secretary
of the General Workers Unit. I
bet a dime his members ln that
unit, do not know it.
Much Ink and many words have
been spilled by officialdom and
Berg is no exception of the rank
and file for themselves; Berg along
with others claims to love the rank
and flle and claims he has the organization at heart. Sure thing.
Judge fof yourselves.
Berg gets a salary of $50 per
month to do the work for the General Workers', a unit of about 130
to 160 members. They never meet
therefore Berg never meets with
any hard work for them. Now If
I loved the rank and file half as
much as Berg pretends he does,
then I would not have that $50 per
month from a unit which must
have some organizing work to do,
and If the Lumber Workers' could
not pay me a wage sufflclent to
live on and keep their office open
to catch dues, then I would take a
pick and work.
We had plenty of pie artists in
the old unions. Live up to that
principle we used to hear so much
about, let them feel what work ls
like.   Why not you, Berg?
My contention still is that the
flght at Port Arthur Is a flght be
tween a set of officials on one sfde
who are autocrats In the eyes of
another set who have shown themselves autocrats. I say shake off
the lot.
A Sound
Boot for
Men fl
This is a boot meeting the demands of Fall and Winter
wear. It is essentially nfeat in appearance, yet thoroughly well built. The upper is made of winter-weight dark
brown calfskin. The half double sole is genuine oak
tanned. It will resist wet and wear; medium toe; easy
fitting. For men who value comfort and appearance
this boot it exceptionally good
value. Priee .
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central labor Council
Bead the News from the Prairie Metropolis.
Subscription price $2.00 per year; $1.00 for nx monthi
Address oil communications with respect to subs gnd advts., to
HAltllY WIUA'OCKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor should
be addressed to J. HOUSTON, same address.
10 Sub. Cards
Gt>od for ono year's ■ubierlptlttB to Tkt
B. 0. Federstionlit. will be milled te
sny ftddresi la Cinftd* for $22.80
(Good Anywhere outside of Vtneonver
city.) Order ten today. Remit whon uld.
If you need a clerk, hire one like
you hire a printer to do your printing.
Don't make parasites by putting
a guy In office, who like In the A.
F. of L. thinks he owns the organization. The rank and flle Is not a
bit Interested ln the change of one
set of pie artists to another.
The workers will not be fooled
by desk hands, and easy chair officials.
Don't forget the Defense whist
drive and dance In tlio Dominion
Hall (to-night) Friday, good prized
for whist. Admission, gents &O11.;
ladles, 25b.
Patronise Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
British   Co-operators   Favor   All'
anee With Labor Forty
Big Majority.
Preston, Eng.—"That this con
ference strongly recommends
co-operative socletlei to suppo*
the establishment of a Labor an
Co-operative political alliance,
to Instruct their delegates to vol
in favor of a scheme to be lul
mitted by tho next annual cor
This resolution was adopted t
an overwhelming majority, aftt
animated discussion by the Ni
tlonal Conference of Co-operatb
Societies of Great Britain.
Give This to a Constipated Baby
Why Dr.Caldwell'sLuathreSyrup Pepsin is the Favorite
Constipation Remedy with eo Many Mothen
YOUNG Mothers in the midst
of bringing up a family of
■mall children should consider it a duty to investigate the
action of the various remedies
for constipation. This is the ailment most common among children, and it often leads to serious
diseases. It is important for
the mother to know the right
remedy to give, for they diner
widely in action,
Children do not take kindly to
drastic drugs, salt waters, cal*
mel, physics, castor oil, carthar-
tics, mercurials and such things,
ind they find difficulty in swallowing these harsh medicines
even when disguised in sugar-
coated tablets or pills. It is not
only that the child doesn't like
the taste, but these drugs are so
violent that they wrench the
little system. They should not
be given to children.
Thousands of wise mothers,
after having tried many things,
give only a combination of
simple herbs with pepsin,
known to druggists as Dr. Caldwell's Laxative Syrup Pepsin.
The formula la on the package..
It is a mild, gentle remedy, free
from all narcotics, that relieves
constipation and Its symptoms,
such as headache, biliousness,
colds, fever, indigestion, loss of
appetite and sleep, and it does
If without griping or weakening.
A bottle of Dr. Caldwell's Laxative Syrup Pepsin can be bought
at any drug store for sixty cents
and is enough to last an average
family many months.    ,
Last year over eight1 million
bottles of Dr. Caldwell's Syrup
Pepsin were sold ln drug stores,
the largest sellingliquid laxative
In the world, and as the preparation has been on the market
over thirty years tbe second
generation of mothers are now
Ful, well-regulated home will be
without a bottle for a mild, safe
constipation remedy like this
may be needed by someone in
the family any minute. Every
bottle is guaranteed to do exactly as claimed for tho ail me nts
of the stomach, liver and bowels
or your money will be refunded.
There me heads of families who wilt
want to prove to their own satisfaction
that my Laxative Syrup Pepsin It at
elective in constipation, as mild ana
gentle In action, aj pleasant-tastin_ and
safe, as I claim. Let stick ivrtumefor
a free sample, k will be sent postpaid.
Simp!, tay "Dr. W. B. Caldwell, i»
Front Street, Bridgeburg, Ont.: Send a
free trial bottle of your Dr. Caldwell's
laxative Syrup Pcpiln to—" and give
yeur name and address. 1 will sa
that the rest li attended to promptly. TWELFTH TEAR.
Dr. Bnt, Anderson, tet-
matly member of tht
remlty of tho College Ot
SwtUtrj, UnlTenlty rt
Southern California, lecturer m Can sat
Biidso work. 	
Ton have to look around yon to see hundreds of people in the thirties who are prematurely aged—There's a reason.
The Main reason is they let their teeth go
trom day to day—week to week, without attention.
When yon neilict your teeth, disease
takes hold of the roots and gunu and
trouble begins in no time. Theee accumulated poisons are 'absorbed Into the system.
Even the strongest men finally succumb to
the bad effects of negleoted teeth. Ther
age prematurely and become afflicted with
rhumatlsm and other atubborn diseases.
See me often—see me regularly. I will
put your teeth ln auoh good shape and do
It so quickly and reasonable you will notice
a marked difference ln your health right
Come in today—Find out juBt how mueh
work you ihould have done on your mouth*
and have It done without delay.
Dr. Brett Anderson
First Floor, Bank of Nova Bootia Building,
Oorner Hastings aad Seymonr
Phone Seymoar 3331
Under the Auspices of the Women's Auxiliary
of the 0. B. U.
'   ' Proceeds to Be Devoted to the
Winnipeg Defense Fund
Whist 81» 10- Dancing 9 to 1
Admission: Gents, SOc; Ladies, 25c
Miners and other Workers Are Joining the
0. B. U.
Th,e Regular meeting of Prince
Rupert Central Labor CouncU, O.
B. U., waa held Oct 6, and convened ylth a larger attendance than
has been tha rule for some montha
back, the nights being colder and
darker, contributing to the long-desired effect Good Interest ia shown
in all meetings, and as In all live
organizations,"' they are not very
often of the Insipid love feaat or
mutual admiration type. Officers
are criticized when they deserve It,
and sometimes" whep they don't,
which Is about 64-60. The movement locally has gained from the
accession of members from the
south, who have Injected the necessary new element Into the local organisation, whloh makes tor greater efficiency and more persistent
endeavor. One result has been the
decision to call a meeting of all O.
B. u. men at the dry dock for the
purpose of discussing and, If possible, Initiating the formation of a
Shipbuilding Unit of tho O. B. U.
A good turnout ls expected, as
there are many more O. B. U, men
working there than have yet reported to the local council. Dissatisfaction Is rather prevalent, but no
drastic .action Is contemplated, the
necessity of organization being the
most important consideration at
Organization hi Anyox—or rather, recruiting—has been gaining
rapidly for the last few weeks, the
returns being most gratifying to
those who know the history of that
campAnd the attitude of past managements towards organization of
the employees, . The management
has been changed and apparently,
from alt reports to hand, vary
muoh for the better from the men's
standpoint. There seems to be
more of the spirit of "live and let
live" tn the air, due In a large measure, no doubt, to the realization
of the growing strength of the O.
B, U. membership in all departments of the outfit. Labor In, Anyox has had a sore head for a good
many years, and now that lt has
taken hold of a real organization,
responsive to Its needs, it must be
handled carefully, and with a due
regard to the possible consequences
lf the old treatment Is revived.
There seems to be little activity
In the line of organization tn the'
Stewart dlstriot That camp has
been a disappointment to more
than the mine promoters.
Alice Arm, on the other hand, is
Open Forum
t p.m.
F. Ii. P. HALL
Mrs. Base Henderson
Tba Sinn Fein Movement
From a World leader in Socialistic reform:
Emil Vandervilde, of Belgium, says: "Alcohol reduces the fighting energy of the proletariat. What we have a right to ask of
the Socialist and Labor Internationale is to pronounce distinctly
in favor of Direct Action Against Alcoholism."
Government Sale Is Reactionary
It is not government ownership. The vested interests will still
own and profit by the trade. Thos. Johnson, editor of the Scottish Forward, says: "We are not seeking the socialization of
Workers of B. C.
The proposal is to resume the sale of liquor in the Province.
You remember the old condition.
Oct 20th«"Can" the Booze
forging ahead ln fine shape, getting Improvements eto the camps
and securing a ^practical 100 por
cent O. B. U. organization, with
good delegates and men who stand
ready to bapk them up In carrying
out their instructions—a virtue
which Is not always evident.even ln
the L. W. X. U. camps, good as most
of them are.
The accommodation at the Wolf
mine has not been up to standard,
and on the 23rB ult, a meeting
was held ln which the whole situation was discussed, and a committee elected to interview the management, with Instructions to present the Instructions they had received. These were for better food
ln tha camp, and In the lunch-
boxes, wash houses with hot and
cold water, dry house, and seats
and lights In the bunkhouse;
springs and mattresses to be furnished In a reasonable time, time
and a half for all overtime, and
baggage to be transported from the
end of the railroad free of charge.
PellowWorkere ^lnnigan, West-
all and tferry were the committee,
and negotiations were carried on
with little trouble, the management
agreeing that Improvements were
necessary, and promising to come
through with everything except the
permanent Improvements, their
contract with the Taylor Engineering Co. expiring soon, which company will then take over the camp.
Efforts will be made, however, to
get the latter company to Install
the improvements, and the result
of the attempt should be reported
ln time for Uie next meeting.
The conditions in the average
mining camp are about on a par,
with those prevailing ln the woods
before the war, but the miners
have not yet taken hold of the problem of altering them ln the same
whole-hearted manner that has
placed the loggers so far ahead of
them. It takes time, of course, and
when the idea of the desirability
and necessity of improving the
conditions in which they spend the
best part of the!;- lives Is more
generally prevalent the miners will
quicken their pace.
The attempt to hold a convention
of the native fishermen during fair
week was a failure, owing mainly
to the fact that the date Jtf -med
to be the finest day of tho week,
with an Interesting ball game in
progress. Interest amongst the natives, however, continues to be well
sustained, a constant stream of recruits coming in. With the advent
of the winter months, more effective measures ta Introduce them to
a real organization will be undertaken right in their home villages,
and by the time the next season
starts, we expect to have aomethlng
tangible to show for the work and
thought spent on the problem.
' The constitutional 'convention Qf
the Metalliferous Miners Industrial
Unit of the O. "B. IL, under which
name the council undertook the organization df the quartz miners of
the Northern Coast district, was
held ln the O. B: U. headquarters
in Prince Rupert on Oct. 4 and B,
with delegates from Anyox and
Alice Arm. If the proposals of the
convention are endorsed, the organization will continue to function
under the name of the Metalliferous Miners Industrial' Unit of the
O. B. U., Prince Rupert district
The proposals are to divide the territory Into three sections of Anyox,
Alice Arm and Stewart, and workers will organize Into thetr respective sections. Eaoh section- will
elect a member of the executive
board of the unit, the recall provisions bf the general constitution of
the O. B. U. will govern, and a partially paid delegate will be maintained at Anyox, who will have
supervision over the" other delegates and be responsible to the
general secretary-treasurer of the
Prince Rupert (Jentral Labor Council. Tho minimum wage scale pro-
posed. is as follows: Miners, $6;
muckers, $5.50; outside laborers,
$5; nippers, $5.75; tool sharpeners,
(6.50; general blacksmiths, $6.76.
British  Unemployed  Include  Two
Hundred Thousand E.\-
Sorvice Men
Unemployment ls rife In Oreat
Britain. The Labor Gazette of that
country announces that the number
of men and women on the live registers of the employment exchanges was 281,032 for August 30,
as compared wtth 271,604, July 30.
Another report Issued by the committee for tho employment of ex-
service men, says the number of
unemployed ex-service men totals
almost 200,000. The Glasgow Forward says that neithor their King
nor their country (?) need them.
On top of that the cost of living
shows no tendency of stopping In
its upward flight. ,
Auckland, N.Z.—American packers will nut be permitted to invade
lho New Zealand meat market lf
Anzac tanners and cattle fetlsers
have their way. A conference of
agriculturists nt Mastorton presided ovor by William Perry, one of
tho leading sheep growers of Now
Zealand and n member of the
Hoard of Agriculture, went on record ns opposed to tho granting of
a license to do businoss In the dominion to Armour or other
branches of the meat trust.
Settlement with tho P. G. M. Company, Stewart
The Premier Gold Mine Co,, of
Stewart, B. C, has consented to
settle all claims arising out of the
action for damages Which Had been
initiated by thoso men who wore
induced to go to Stewart during the
strike of last winter. The settlement will be on the basis of 75 per
cent, of the total of the claims. Tho
money lent to the strike fund by
Bros. Wickstrom and Nichol, which
was one of the Important aids In
winning tho strike, will bo paid, according to agreement, by deducting
DCc from each man's recoipts for
every day spent In Stewart living
on the strike fund. In addition to
this, of course, will be tho logal expenses, "which will amount to 10
per cent.
The following men affoctod by
tho above are requested to write J.
H. Burrough, Box 833, Prince Rupert, B, C, with particulars of address, so that the matter can be
cleaned off the books with the least
possiblo delay:
A. T. Robison, A. W. Roblson, T.
Cardy, L. L. Jordnhl, A. A. McLeod,
A. A. Stone, L. C. House, Dan Wilkinson, C. Johnson, A. Johnson, T.
Foy, M. Donovan, Hudson, P. Hanson, P. Ctyz, T. L, Aurol, J. Callahan, J. Bell, J. Brady, T. Marks, R.
Miners Demand Drastic
Changes in Their Con-
*jj        ditions
^Unless steps are taken to deal
^ffli the* growing unrest 'in the
coal-mining Industry in Australia,
t*ere Is livery likelihood of a big
coal strike In the near future. This
Is the warning of officials control-
Ing the miners' organizations—and
the conviction I have formed after
a- close survey of the situation from
first hand information.
Already the position Is alarmingly wrious. Negotiations that have
been taking place between the
miners executives and tha Coal
Barons of Australia have broken
down, and a deadlock has been
reached. The period of quiet during which time both sides are marshalling forces and preparing for
trouble, Is now taking place.
The bed-rock of the grievances
of the men arises out of the fact
that when tha last agreement was
made by the owners ln May, 1919,
no provision was mado, for a rising
scale of wagea to meet the rising
cost ot living; The result Is that
although the eost of living has gone
up tremendously since that date,
there has been no increase in tho
wages paid to the mhiers. % Ths
miners are asking an immediate
advance of 26 per cent, ln wages
In order to bring their wages up to
a point compensating the increase
in the cost of living. They have
other claims on the miner1 owners,
but are quite prepared to leave
them to a tribunal to be constituted
later on to deal with them, Those
other claims are a six-hour working day, five days per week, abolition of the contract system, effective voice in.the executive control
of the industry, full compensation
for loss of work through Injury, including, occupational diseases, employers to provide all tools, light,
explosives, eta, bathing and ohange
houses, safety appliances, 'proper
sanitary arrangements, abolition of
the afternoon and night shifts, two
weeks holiday on full pay.
But the Immediate claim of an
Increase In wages to meet the Increased cost of living they demand
at once. The owners have'refused
to grant this claim, and now
trouble Is threatened.
Whilo the question of wages Is a
big Hem, .the miners are further
penalized because of the Intermit-
tantonature of their work. Taking
thaywhole of the Australian mines,
tbanmlners are lucky at tha present
time' if they average around $15 to
$#0 per week alt the year round.
Nat Is this alt. The cost of miners
tools, explosives, detonators, fuses,
eto.Tt-all of which tho miner has to
provide out of hiB own pocket—
ara: more than 100 per cent dearer
tfean, they wert before the war.
These, added to other charges, suoh
Ofl union dues, assistance- to miners
ojOalRtrlke at other parts of the
Commonwealth, often mean $10
Mpi.fortnight out of the miners
afteady scanty earnings.
In the case of surface labor, the
position ls little short of a scandal.
They are only paid $3.50 per day,
and this would be little enough lf
they worlfed 6 per week. Unfortunately owing to the intermittent
nature of the work they are lucky
if they get an average of 4 days
per week all the year round. This
means that at best they are never
able to earn more than about
$13.50 to $14 per week, which Is
not enough to keep them ln the
bare necesltles of life. The miners
ask that these men be given a minimum of $5 per day, but the Coal
Barons have refused to entertain
tho claim.
The Coal Barons claim that tt Is
Impossible to meet the demands of
the men, as the industry is not In
a position to stand the Increases.
But the miners assert wtth Just as
much emphasis that the Coal
Barons are making untold profits
and that an Inquiry Into their profits will reveal that hey are woll
able to meet their demands,: The
miners have consequently informed
the Commonwealth Government of
Australia (which has control of the
coal-mining In Australia) that they
are,willing to keep working till the
end of September, if the Government will appoint a tribunal with
all neue'dsary power and authority
to conduct a full and and comprehensive inquiry into the conl, shale
and coke industry of Australia.
This commission,, they demnnd,
shall huve full powers to compel
production of books, documents,
reports, balance sheets and writings, the obtaining and adducing of
evidence, tho administering of
oiUlis, and all necessary powers
and authorities for the purpose of
making full and comprehensive Inquiry Into ull aspects of the industry, und tho sale, carriage and distribution to tho consumers of such
products and their industrial byproducts. The commission Is to be
given powor lo Inquire into all mutters In any wiso relating to wages
and conditions of employoes, und
be'1'open to the press und public,
nfyl...to determine tho rntes of pay,
CQfiditlons of houra and of work of.
tM[fimployeesf the rate of prbflt to
thft| employors, the question of
pjro^ur control of the Industry, the
ppftjo of products thereof, and also
the quostion of commissions, per-
cei^jtges, rebates and allowances.
J£ such a commission la appointed, tho miners hopo to show the
public how stocks and shares are
wMered, how the Coal Barons
jSUpt away huge reserves, and
fleece the public In tho price of
coal. They say thn public have
a right to know these things bt-
c2W whenever the miners get aa
Increase there Is usually a howl
t\pw the capitalist press that the
gem-nil public Is bcl'ng exploited.
While it ls truo thnt the public Is
exploited, the miners claim that
such an Inquiry will show that 11 Is
not the miners who ure responsible
for thnt exploitation. "In short,
the minors demand that the Inquiry shall bo conducted In the full
light of day, and that all the cards
shall be raid on the table for public inspection. Thc miners say that
as they are propured to lay.their
case bofore the public, the ownors
should bo mado to do tho samo,
leaving tho public to judge whothor
tho industry can'puy tho increased
wagos und better working conditions or whether tt Is unablo to do
Thc minors clulni that If this Is
done, they will bo abla to show tkat
tho wages paid to them Is but a
small fraction of the huge toll
torted from tho publlo. NatauraJly
tho Coal Barons shrink from suoh
an Inquiry, and littlo wonder. They
atand In a position where they ean
be unmasked as robbers of tho
highest order, and this they know.
But the miners wll hardly stand
dictation In the matter now. Thoy
are going ahead and if they cannot
force their demands peacefully,
then they will resort to direet notion to do so. And lt will bo for
the Australian Oovernment to thon
say whether It. will stand by tbo
miners and force such an Inquiry,
or whether lt wilt stand by the
owners and protect them from tho
searching Hgbt of public Inquiry.
Thoy Bedded Vut to Tnke P«t tn
elections—WUl Now
Run Candidates
(By tho Federated Preen)
Berlin. — The group of extreme
radicals organized In the Austrian
Communist party has received n
sharp rebuke from Nikolai Lenin
for having decided not to take part
in the coming elections to the Austrian parliament, and, according to«
reports from Vienna, this rebuke
has had the effect of causing the
Communists there to reconsider
their decision and announce that
they will put up candidate! nnd
oarry on n regular campaign.
The German noblemen who were
sentenced to five years for violating the neutrality laws of the United States are to be released, while
hundreds of American citizens (political prisoners) are to remain In
the pens.
What will you chouse next Wednesday with your vote—Moderation
on Measure No, 1, which means
the only freedom tn sight, or Prohibition and Bone Dry rule, boosted
by Capitalism and seeking to take
away the rights of the plain people—which do you went? The Issue will be largely up to the working man for the vote of organised
labor ls about the biggest factor
In the flght
Although It ll no^put thie way,
the fact remains, bluntly, that this
election will virtually make or
break British Columbia. Get that
right If we have moderation, by
voting Measure No. 8, and get Oovernment Control, it means better
times, less taxes, more jobs, more
money, lower prices, and—freedom.
If we get Prohibition tt will mean
Bone Dry law, oppression, the theft
of the people's rights, the loss of
even a mild glass of beer to solace
tbe weary worker at the end of a
hard day, and our surrender to reformers who tell us we cannot
think for ourselves. And, lt should
be remembered, Capital and selfish Interests are behind this Prohibition plot. Study tbe names of
the head leaders and see how many
of your old friends from Capitalistic ranks are there to smugly attond to your own business for you.
Tobacco Will Bo Next
Working man, here is another
thing that you will do well to remember: If we got Bone Dry
rule, It will not be long before the
anti-tobacco reformers will get
after your pipe and cigarette. Don't
pay any attention to denials by the
reformers. It Is a known fact that
tho anti-tobacco associations hero
are also Prohibitionists. It Is alqo
a fact that half a dozon ant.-moet-
ings wore hold in Vancouver and
New Westminster during the week.
Listen to what Is said by Mrs. Martha Newton Blake, Prohibition
workor and anti-tobacco enthusiast who Is here from the United
States. Sho observed here last
"We have driven rum out of the
United States and we will drive
rum out of Canada. Whon we
hove done thin we will abolish the
tobacco evil next. Tobacco Is baneful nnd It must go."
So you soe what these temperance reformers would do to you!
And remember how sanctimonious
Capital Is backing them!
Prohibition Is CVistly
If we hnvo Prohibition, who will
pay tho cost? Where will the
money come from to enforce an
Impossible luw? What will replace
licenses? It means, working man,
that YOU will pay, and pay dearly.
It will cost you more In prices and
ln taxes. We will lose our tourist
trade of millions a month. Wo will
lose conventions that bring money
to the city nnd provinco. We will
have hard times. There can be
no denial of this vital fact.
Govornment Control means the
sale and control of the liquor by
the officials of the province. It Is
tho only sane' method now before
us. It will ond bootlegging. It will
uld In stamping out the terrible
ravages of- drug use here.
Bootleggers Boost Drys
Prohibition cannot help the people and thore Is not a proof to be
produced to convince the thinking
person. See who Is behind Prohibition—a certain church element,
a cllquo of Interfering busybodies,
Including Capitalists, with furthor
ardent support from bootleggers,
boozo pirates, dopo peddlers and
punderors to the social evil.
Thoro Isn't a sensible or convincing argument In existence to
show whero tbo people of this province would rocelve benefit from
Prohibition. The only nourse opon
to the plain poople Is to vote Men-
sure No. 2, which would givo us
Govcr»tnnnt flontrn] —Advt.
To make • qniok realisation upon torn* part of oar
large stook, we tre offering eome MARVELLOUS
BARGAINS—for CASH only. ' The prices now
quoted are lea then present wholesale. Mr. and
Mrs. Workmgman, step lively and secure thea*
snaps I We want to become acquainted!
Wklt* Enamel, continuous poet. Bod (Hnunona) .prln,
and mattress.                                , OOO CA
Tho wholo oomplete . fawOU
Two-Inch, continuous peat, bod (br Simmon,) la white
enaaaol; high-grade spring aad genuine ft Q^ CA
All-Felt mattress. Sho whole oomplete — fWiUw
•olid oak dining sot, comprising bullet, droulsr .atenolol
table aad six slip-seated
chairs, super .._...._...._.....__
One dining sot ln quarter cot
golden oak. Very speolal.
Four pairs only massive arm and rooking chairs la solid
oak with loose ouahlons, la
roal leather. Por pair ; ,  ,
Two onlr mahogany chiffonier*.   Wonderful bargains at, oach "
One onlr parlor set la
mahogany   .........	
Twelve tapestry carpets, ist, 1x10 H and Ixll, eaoh sell
at speolal salo
price of .—.. _______
Furniture Co.
Tbe Old BStohlMiMl Sine
Patents       Trad. Marks       Designs       Copyrights
OUw o«e«—Ottawa, Toronto. Montr..!,- Bamlltea, WlaetMf, Halites; St.
J..he. In C...J.: M.w tork uO Wutleutte. P. O . 0. 9   A
Assayers, Prospectors and Surveyors
The B.C School ef Pharmacy & Science
CrowiBuiUiB|,61S PENDER ST. W. PU.eSei.1740
A separate Department to give PRACTICAL training to Prospectors, Aisarere and Surveyors has boon established In th.
above Inititutlon.
Any man wko has ambition to Improve his position will flnd tho
opportunity here.
Theso are PRACTICAL courses fer PRACTICAL mif by PRACTICAL Lecturer* It lo not merely theoretical work whloh could
bo obtained from books.
The department ls In charge of Mr. Stanley fonlda aad Mr. R.
P. Wilson, D.L.S., who have spent many years at tho work.
For particulars write or call on tho Principal, P. J. BAIN.
NOTE—As s proof of oer m.thoda, th. followtaf molts i
by o
dorini tb. put yur: in pi»H I. th. I. 0. Lead Samren' riael; bt
plan U B. 0. Und ganeyon' Pr.ltoln.tr; Itl pl.t. U B. 0. Uni.. IpplM
Hcl.oe. 1st.; lu pise, la B. 0. User ui Hejor ninety: Ut flam fo i.
O. Lew Pr.lirain.ry.
For Twosty Toon wt sen luuad thlt Union sump fer uo safer ear
^workers union/
otm stamp Dramas:
raeceftf Ooukuti Bun_mt
Turn, 1Mb StrlkM tat Uele.lt
DlipuMi Settled by ArbltMlu
Steady employment *ad Skillod Woituiihlt
Prompt Deliveries to Dealers tad PaSlle
Peace ud Snocon to Worktn ud Employers
Proiptrlty et Shoo I" -'     ~
At loyal pjUos
yon to domud thi
Union Stomp on
we ssk
oet hoeitsf  tho   shove
- isieis er Xlalsg.
Colli. Lovely, General Pr.ild.at.    Ghirtti L. Bain., Dottrel Soo.-Trees.
The iM.T. Loggers1 Boot
HtU  ordm ptnonilly atUndtd tt
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks aud Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co,
Successors to H. VOS A SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phons Seymour SSO Repairs Don. Willi. Toa Watt
Fresh Cut mowers, funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plants
Ornamental and Bhado Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
dS Hutlngi Stnet East TM OranvUle Strset
Seymonr »SBB7» Seymonr MUS
No matter what the footwear no oils
of any momber of the family may
bo, thli Bti.ro la always In a poiltlon to fill them lallufuctorily.
Our Footwear Is Union Made. Lit
ub show you tho new Fall Styles.
"I'nliin-Mnilii Footwear" FAGE EIGHT
PRIDAT.'...............Oetober IB, l»l
Boys' Dept., Second Floor
The Big
It's the cost of living. Maybe you
can vote it down; we don't know.
You'll find that part of it which
applies Jo clothes is already pretty
low here. We sell
Our profits are small; you get
most style and wear for your
money. Let us prove it.
Values at
?70      AND      $75
Hart Schaffner and Marx Clothes
Canada's Largest Exclusive Store
for Men and Boys
Copyright 1920 Hart Schaffner & Man
On All Lines
Friday a,m.
Hats and Caps
We have decided to offer at prices in many cases
about half regular, our etock of this season's Hats.
Mark what we say. These are not last year's, hats,
but new stook bought for this Fall's trade. This is
a rare opportunity to save on the price of a Hat. The
best headwear money can buy is being sold here at
a big sacrifice.
*T    -A 7R  Kw!"  up  to
VTfe I O 18.00, Wolthau-
een and Brock lines, In brown;
blaok and green veloura; plain fln-
leh; all shades and sizes.
Aa thla etock oom-
frtue many thou-
eand dollars worth,
It will take tome
time te oleer the lot
out. Bo If rou eome
te the olty In the
Bear (uture you
stand a food chance
of tett—t the hat
you want at a great
many emart
AT d»/j mm Regular up to 110;
<POef O American   makes;
•ilk and plain finish: all shades and
eliee. Theee lines are very popular
and will eult particular dressers.
AT *o mm Regular up to 116;
ePOe I O Tress A Co., Chrle-
ty, Stetson, Boreallno, Knox, Mal-
lery and other top-notch makes,
oomprlelng beavers, .silk finish and
plain velvets; all colore, popular
Shapes and overy slse.
GAPS—Tress * Go., Christy, Bast-
em, Perk nnd many other makes,
regulr- .5.00; all one
price  (J.7B
61 Haatings East
Largest Men's Hatters
In tlie West
Unemployed Army Hits
British Columbia
(Continued from page 1)
And la addition.to our apeclal prices, which ire leu
than many cash stores are charging.
WE ALSO _f^ | a -       AS OLADLT
OITBTOU        I    f>ptrllT       AS IF TOU
Jut pa? a trifle down, and the balance you ean pay
as yea wear the olothes.
Ia many pltailns styles
lor frnlora of sll aires,
In the newest styles and
fabrics; some plain,
others fur-trimmed from
$8.50 up       $15.00
Made of hard-wearing In breeiy styles and
cloths and tn smart Juv- made of the finest serges
eille atylss, from— in town, at—
Seymour 1301
union scale as carpenters, machinists, etc. The C. P. R. has been
able to fill practically every pob at
its Trail smelter with $4 a day car.
penters and smeltermen from Europe. Toronto has an unemployed
army of 6000 veterans alone, and
other big eastern cities have great
numbers also, and many of these
are.finding their way to Vancouver
on account of the publicity given
to the proposed dry docks, wharves
and piers, little knowing that these
schemes will only absorb a few hundred men at the moat.
Ex-service Men Greatly Affected.
Returned soldiers are finding the
situation acute. The Vancouver S.
C, R, department, whose record of
returned soldier activities Is mor'e
complete than any other institution in the city, has over 600 men
who have received the training,
now on its books as unemployed.
The government employment bureau and the United Service Council finds the situation so bad that
an S. O. S. call has been sent out.
Mechanics in the labor movement find it difficult to locate a
boss and the field Is being continually flooded by the propaganda ln
Europe. The daily press Informs
us that the situation Is not as bad
as It was ln 1914, and appears to
be unaware of the fact that it took
a big war to relieve the situation.
Looks Good to Employers.
Of course the big employers of
labor look with pleasure on the
situation, because lt opens up an
avenue for the reduction of wages.
But the late war has taught many
a lesson, so there is no saying what
kind of action the unemployed will
take during the industrial depression. The private ownership of the
means of wealth production ls getting pretty well understood, as being the oause of all the evils of the
present system, and an hungry mob
cannot be expected to listen to very
much reason ot to fine words from
government politicians. Whatever
happens, the capitalist system is
the cause.
Miners Facing: Reactionary Forces
(Continued from page 1)
months past and realizing the nature of the game being played the
O. B. U. men thought It unwise
under existing conditions to lay
down their tools,
All day men are being offered a
dollar and a half a day extra if
they will return to work. The
compulsory check-off may remain
for a time. Oovernment by Injunction will supplement government
by order In council and of course
the O. B. U. will remain a corpse'
for which, however, the grave has
not yet been dug and the ghost of
which will continue to aggressively
haunt Gideon and his pals.
Chanoe   For   Bright   Children   of
Rebel Workers to Express
As Its name indicates, "The Kiddies' Magazine," which .will soon
make Its appearance in Vancouver,
will be a publication devoted en-.
tlrely to the children and will contain much of their own work. The
Magazette will be published fortnightly and wilt aim, not only to
amuse, but to elevate and uplift.
Three prize competitions will be
featured ln each Issue. Mr. Paul
Page, the editor, desires children
to send in any original verse, limericks, short stories or drawings at
once, for his approval, as the flrst
issue will soon make its appearance. All articles lntonded for
publication should be forwarded to
the editor, Room 411, Carter Cotton Building, and bear the child's
name, age and address.
Kavanagh   Dealt   With
Tariffs   Last
J, Kavanagh, occupied the platform for the Socialist* Party of
Canada at the.Empress Theatre on
Sunday evening last.
In his introductory remarks the
speaker reforred to the Tariff Commission visiting this city, a previous statement made on the question of the worker not being robbed
on the sale of his labor power and
thc workers not having to pay
Tariffs are peculiar to capitalist
Industry. They do not make their
appearance In the particular form
ln which we know .them in any
other stage of human development.
In the oase of new countries developing under capitalism, where
new and small Industries are started that cannot compete with the
older established countries It Is
often essential, In the Interest of
those who control the Industries,
to raise a tariff wall against those
sending ln commodities from other
countries ao that they are* compelled, to aell at the prevailing home
price. The whole object, of course,
Is Jto develop home industries.
When it becomes no longer necessary to protect the small industry,
or any portion of Bmall manufacture from the competition of outside nations and the financial element becomes the most predominant, the tariff Is maintained for revenue purposes. However, thiB
does not affect the worker one iota.
The wages of the workers approximate the cost of their living,
whether protection or free trade ls
in existence. The standard of living Is not due to tariffs but to the
great demand for labor In evidence
during a period of opening up of a
country ln the development period.
That standard over here has fallen
considerably of late years.
Taxes affect the worker a little
differently. A personal tax such
as the Poll Tax Is not of sufficient
pressure to "cause him to demand
an-increase of wages. The Luxury
Tax is somewhat similar. The
momerft such taxes become general,
that its effect Is felt by the worker,
Immediately a movement Is made
to increase the wage to regain his
former standard of living.
In order to throw light on the
paradox of the workers not'being
robbed on the sale of labor power
the speaker briefly and lucidly
traced the development from -the
systems of slavery up to the expropriation of the peasantry of
Europe and Qreat Britain and the
formation of a free proletariat,
having ho ties to hinder them-from
co-operating with the capitalist ln
the modern processes of Industry.
The conditions we are confronted
with were developed some .time
ago. We cannot obtain accenr to
the means of life unless we consent
to render tribute to those who give
ua the opportunity. The wages
system was the method of robbery
peculiar to capitalism. The workers had organized ln various ways
in their struggles under the system
and when the ineffectiveness of
their various methods had been demonstrated they had tried other
ways. A short sketch of their various methods was presented right
down to the breaking out of the
European war .when nationalism
Swept them off their feet. The understanding of the various stages
through which the Russian Revolution passed in order finally to
place the workers ln control of
their means of life ln that country
was of special interest to the enlightened working class. The new
alignment of commercial and industrial rivalries grouped under
the governments of Qreat Britain,
France, Germany and America and
the degrees of class consciousness
prevailing amongst the workers of
the respective countries were touched upon, as the conditions now developing are of great significance
to the International proletarian
revolution that Ib developing before
our eyes. The speaker also took
occasion to impress upon the audience the desirability of adopting
a critical attitude towards anything he might say on the platform
aa lt waa not the polloy of the
party to enoourage the idea that
whatever a speaker might say was
"the gospel." There were various
points of view and it was the object of these meetings to clarify
Ideas and stimulate as much aa
possible a desire ln the ranks of
the workers to understand these
things clearly. In the course of
an address it was necessary to generalize to a great extent and lt was
advisable for those sincerely interested to get down and study the
literature critically also. To know
Is to understand.
J.    Harrington    will    be    the
speaker on Sunday next.
Washington—The lay-off of workers in the textile, transportation,
rubber and other industries during
the past six months has been a
great boon to the United States
army. During April of this year,
7749 applied for enlistment, and
this number has steadily Increased
from month to month, until the
number in August numbered 19,-
Best Quality—Right Prices
223  Carrall   Street.
^ Sey. 1250	
Put a one-cent stamp  on  this
naper and mall it to a friend.
Labor and Prohibition
The above subject will be discussed at
AT 8 P. M.
Speakers Wlli Include:
MISS CHESNBY, BrltlBh Columbia Teachers' Federation.
R. P. PETTIPIECE, International Typographical Union.
B. WINCH, Lumber Workers Union.
J. W. HOQO, International Bakery Workeri
V. K. MIDOLBY, One Big Union.
CHAS. CASSIDY, International Boilermakers Union.
J. MCMILLAN, International Painters Union,
W. H. COTTRELL, International St. Rallwaymen'e Union.
W. B. TROTTER, International Typographical Unton.
Chair will be occupied by MR. TOM: RICHARDSON
Cutting down your
Clothes Expense
by selling you clothes that
wear longer, and cost you
less because we buy to
best advantage.
Strongest Quality
Whipcord Raincoato
New models in medium and
long   lengths—(or  the   outdoor man
Selling at	
Suits and
In dependable fabrlce and becoming
Line Up With International Federation of
Trade Unions
Change of Policy Submitted to General Executive Board
(By Maud McCreery.)
(Staff Correspondent for the Federated Press)
Rochester, N. Y.—Passage of resolutions asking for the release
of all political prisoners, repeal of
the espionage act, asking the International Federation of Trades
Unions to call a conference ef representatives of metal trades' work-
ers of the world to effect an agree-
ment for concerted action against
future wars, Instructing the officers
ef the organization to consider re-
affiliation with the International
Metal Trades Federation, and a
message of greeting to the workers
of Italy, featured the closing ses-
■ions of the sixteenth convention of
the International Association of
machinists here.
The action taken asking the International Federation of UnionB to
call a conference to discuss opposition to future wars, and that toward reafflllation with the International Metal Trades Federation li
Interesting In view of the fact that
within the week the press has
played up the opposition of Samuel
Oompers, as president of the American Federation of Labor, to the
activities of the European Labor
movement, and his refusal to take
part as a representative of the American Labor movement ln the convention of the International Federation of Unions soon to be held ln
Olvlo Federation Floored
Officials of the American Federation of Labor who are "hobnobbing with the enemies of organized
Labor," in the National Civic Federation, were roundly scored when
the delegates went on record forbidding their representatives to the
A. F. of L. convention to vote for
men belonging to this child of big
business, Samuel Gompers Is a
The law committee, to which the
resolution instructing their delegates not to vote for any official, belonging to the civic federation, was
referred, recommended lt for non-
J. J. Dowling, member of the law
committee, opposed the resolution,
saying the membership in the federation gave trade unionists a
chance to convert representatives
of the employers.
Thla drew the flre of many delegates who were unelnmous In the
opinion that "hobnobbing socially
with Labor's enemies only neutral!
zes the class-conscious spirit of
trade unionists."
Not a delegate from the floor opposed the resolution. They seemed
agreed that the Federation is a menace to organized labor, and questioned Samuel Gomper's membership In it.
Want Factor}' Control
The following proposals summarized, for changes in the policy of
the organization, were submitted by
E. D. Nolan, San Francisco, and referred to thc general executive
board for action. Conservation of
time, energy, patience and money
of the members now often spent
vainly in striken with the purpose in
View of gaining control and ownership of industrial establishments,
either by purchase of or, as ln the
case of the railroads, by insisting
upon putting Into effect gradually
parts of the Plumb plan through
negotiations for new agreements.
In support of his proposals, Nolan stated that it had been estimated that during the six weeks of the
big shipyards strike ln California,
over $9,000,000 had been forfeited
in wages. Keeping the men at work
for the eight months that the strike
lasted, and setting aside 10 per
cent, of the amount lost in wages
during that time would have accumulated a sum sufficient to purchase every plant in San Francisco.
Men are tired of striking every
once ln a while for a nickel increase ln wages, and we must begin
soon to plan a way around the old
methods," Nolan said. "The 1. A.
of M. Is founded on the principles
of ownership of industry and we
must work toward that end,"
Nolan declared that the present
wage system was bused on tho use
omployers were privileged to make
of money saved by ibe workers and
placed in banks. He urged, them to
conserve and use their money for
Jurisdictional Disputes
The recommendation of the committee on construction and erection
contained a request that the A. F.
of L. call a meeting of the executive council not later than 60 days
after the close of the machinists'
convention, and summon the international officers of unions with
which the machinists have disputes
for the purpose of settling them.
If the other unions fail to attend
the conference, or refuse to abide
by the decision reached by the executive council on the disputes, the
A. F. of L. will be asked to suspend
them.    Recommendation adopted,
Notice was served that if the A.
F. of L, did not enforce ItB decisions
in the particular instances at issue,
the machinists would suspend payment of per capta tax until lt did,
The price of copies of Pritchard's address to the jury, Dixon's
address and the history of the
Winnipeg btrike has bcen reduced
to ljf'ets. per copy. Tlie Winnipeg
defense committee Is also issuing
Defense Fund Stamps, the price of
which Is 25 cents each.
Don't forget the Defense whist
drive and dance In the Dominion
Hall (to-night) Friday, good prim
for whist, Admission, gents, 500.
ladles, 25c.
Shoe Satisfaction at a Fair Price
and Black
Calf Shoes
In a variety of lasts, narrow toes with rubber heels, medium
toes, and wide comfortable shapes; comes in tan, brown, mahogany, and black.    While                               /
they last ,	
Seattle.—The Associated Industries of Seattle which has been engaged in a long-standing flght with
organized labor, Ib Issuing literature announcing that It ls entering
upon the third of Its campaigns.
This campaign ls in the nature of
an appeal to all opponents of or-
ganzed labor to patronize stores
which have been singled out by the
workers as unfair to the unions.
The withholding of trade from unfnir houses by organized labor is
having a telling effect, the Associated industries admits.
W. E. Penn's School
Fhonea: Soy. 101—Soy. S058-O
Social Dances Monday, Wednesday and Saturday.
H. Walton
SoeeUlIit  la    Eloctrical    Treatment!,
violet  Ray and High  Frequency tor
Rbtumstlim,  Sciatica,  Lumbago, Per-
alyaU, Hair  and   Scalp   Treatment!,
Chronic Ailment!.
Phon*  Seymour   2048
198 Hastings Street Weat.
Owing to the salo of the Vancoj
ver Labor Temple, the offices {
the Federatlonist have bcen movi
,to Rooms 1 and 2, Victoria Blod
543 Pender Street West- Con,
spondents are requested to ma'
note of this.
X-RAYS Locate Ills
'lata Haallna
Teacher ef Drag!
for the elimination of non-eontsslOl
chronic ailment! by Natural Method
Hours, 0 to C; evening! by appolntmen
Vancouver X-Ray and Naturopathic Inat
tute, fli* Standard Bank Building. Thou
Seymour 1077.
We teach practical Druglets Healing an
every student will earn health while lean
Ing health.
$50 is Worth Saving
How Business Men Can Economize
in Clothes.
Tou can get good clothes in two ways; by going to a
good tailor and paying $100, $125, $150; or by getting
good ready-made clothes at $50, $60, $70.
But why pay a big price when you can get what yol
want in our clothes; flne all-wool fabrics, the best tailoring, styles created by master designers, correct fit.
]We fit any flgure
Thos. Foster & Co., Ltd.
$25 $30 $35
$40 $50 $60
The values are right
Corner of Homer and Hastings Streeta


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