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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 28, 1921

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$2.50 PER YEAR
| .Magistrate Shaw to Read
Pamphlet Before
Rare Instance of Prosecution for Propagating
After a month of week-by-week
•ostpon .merits, to suit the conven'
lance of the defense, the case
against A. S. Wells and the B. C.
Cderatlonlat, of publishing and
offering for sale prohibited literature, was presented by City Prosecutor McKay In Magistrate Shaw's
Court on Tuesday morning. After
■ome evidence was taken, the caae
Waa remanded until next Monday
morning, October SI.
Mr. Wells sat at the solicitors'
table, on the right of the defending counsel, Mr. I. I. Rubinowitz.
the Interest of labor men ln the
proceedings was displayed hy the
considerable number -who surged
lato the well of the court upon the
Commencement of the proceedings,
Ailing the seating accommodation
available for the public.
The charges against Mr. Wells
■nd the B. C. Federationist were
formally read hy the clerk of the
court, aa set forth in the informations laid, to the effect that the accused had offered for sale a pamphlet which advocated "the uso, without the, authority of law, of force,
violence, terrorism, or physical injury to person or property, as a
sneans of accomplishing governmental change."
At tho outset, the question arose
for determination whether the
offence was an Indictable one,' giving the accused the option of being
tried either by the police magistrate or by a higher court. Magistrate Shaw, ln reading the new
amendment to the criminal co Re
passed In July, 1919, creating the
offence, noted that the offence was
(Continued on page 4)
Relief Committee Will Arrange for Meeting on
That Date
The committee appointed by the
Council of Workers to raise funds
for the famine sufferers of Russia
has completed the arrangements for
the concert and dance in the Finnish HaU tonight. The co-operation
of the Finnish workers has been
secured and a good programme has
been arranged.
Ai the campaign closes on October 31, all those having receipt
books are requested to turn them
in with money collected by that
Word has been received by the.
committee to the effect that Joe
Knight will be in Vancouver on
November 13 and arrangements
will be made for a meeting on that
At the regular meeting Df the
Council of Workers held on Tues-
iay evening, it was decided to
write to all organizations requesting
ft full attendance of delegates to
discuss the question of full maintenance of the unemployed. It was
pointed out that there were 6,500
unemployed registered and that
wages were being cut on all sides,
nnd that thli situation called for
The South Vancouver delegates
roported that sufficient timbers for
the safety of men working on
sewer work have not yet been pro-
Tided as promised and that a delegation had been appointed to see
the engineer on this question. It
was also reported that delegates
had been appointed to the, Mutual
Aid Society recently formed In that
The delegates from the C. N.
V. X. reported that lt had been Impossible to secure an Interview with
the Mayor on the question of destitute returned men.
The position of Nicola Sacco and
Bartolomeo Vanzettl, two labor organizers sentenced to death by a
United States court, waa raised, and
the secretary instructed to write to
the American consul protesting
against the carrying out of the sentence.
A committee was appointed to
fevlse ways and means of organlz-
; Ing the unemployed so that their
Interests can be   properly   looked
lifter during the coming winter.
Australian Trades Unionists Want Value for
Money Contributed
(By W. Francis Ahern)
(Federated Press Australian Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. W.—The Labor
Council of New South Walea—the
most important Labor body in Australia—has Issued a manifesto to
tho workerB of Australia urging
the unions to form industrial groups
that will bo able to exercise decisive influence over political parties
claiming to represent the working
It is claimed that In place of the
unions controlling the parliamentary wing whom they support with
their contributions, the situation
has become reversed, with the parliamentarians In control. It Is urged that such an unsatisfactory relationship should not continue.
The unions by affiliating singly
with the Australian Labor Party—
tho political body—lose their economlo punch. The Labor Council
of New South Wales submits that,
If they are to have any effective
voice and controlling power in parliamentary matters, they must
unite and take action as a united
The Labor Council proposes that
all trade unions shall control Labor
politics by forming an industrial
group, and at a special conference
of all unions the delegates at auch
conference to decide upon a basis
of affiliation of the trade unions Jo
all political bodies.
(Continued on Page 3)
Socialist   Candidate    Is
Carrying on Active
Small Producers Problems
Dealt With at    S
W. A. Pritchard, Socialist Party
of Canada nominee for the Nanalmo constituency, and his supporters, are carrying on an active campaign In the Island constituency.
On Friday last, the candidate Bpoke
at Colwood ,and dealt with the problems of the small producer. He
was well received by a good-sized
audience, und the questions asked
showed that he had- created a considerable amount of interest in the
minds of those present.
On Sunday last the workers of
Nanaimo had another opportunity
of hearing the candidate, while the
workers of the municipalities adjacent to Victoria also had a chance
of hearing the Socialist philosophy
explained, when A. S.\jVells spoke
at the Columbia theatre, in tho
Capital City.
On Saturday T. O'Connor will
address the workers of Ladysmlth,
and the same speaker will deal
' with working class problems at Na-
nanalmo on Sunday night. J. D.
Harrington will speak at Victoria
on Sunday night, on "The Politics
of the Working Class."
Dealing with the problems of
the farmer at Colwood, the candidate pointed out that with limited
capital and high initial land cost,
yet requiring effective machinery
and space for Its operation, the
small farmer was mortgaged "to
high finance, his activities bounded
by social production and his native
product produced with the arduous
toll of family labor, did not and
could not contain the average margin of business proflt. As a result,
the small farmer found himself In
precisely the same condition as his
brother "slavo" of the industrial
town. The town worker faced misery and destitution because he could
not—being idle— flnd the prices
of necessities, while the countryman faced similar conditions because, being tied to oligarchic necessities, he could not flnd a buyer
for those very things which the
town required, but could not buy.
He also referred to Premier Oliver's solution of the unemployment question, which was to send
the workless tn the cities back to
the land, and pointed out that this
was no solution, but would only aggravate the farmers' difficulties.
He concluded his address by
pointing out that only under a new
social order could the city workers
and the farmers' problems be
Calls for General* Civil
Disobedience Throughout Country
Spirit of Rebellion Gains
and Courts Remain Closed
(By the Federated Press)
Boston—Mahatma Ghandi, leader of the Indian revolutionary
movement, has declared for general
civil .disobedience throughout India, according to reports reaching
Tarakranath Dlas, Indian leader
here. This ts the most extreme
measure against BrltlBh rule which
Ohandl has yet advocated, and it
ls expected that lt will precipitate
the open struggle which has been
forecasted by observers for more
than a year. The young Indians,
who have been agitating for violent
revolutionary tactics, hail the new'
programme as a victory for themselves, and are preparing to take
control of the forces which Ghandi
has organized.
The British government, recognizing the danger Involved in this
declaration, is making extreme efforts to avert the uprising. Naval
reserves are reported to be en route
from Suez and Hong Kong and
local restrictions have been Increased. Aeroplanes circle continuously over Calcutta, Delhi and
other centres, and every possible
show of force ls being made ln order to Intimidate, insurrectionists.
The swing of the revolutionary
movement' toward the left has been
noticeable in the last two months.
In August tho left elements in
Southern India, protesting the
trespass of the British authorities
in their continual searches for arms
organized a body known as the
"Moplars." By the first Of Sept.
they had a secret organization"
numbering 10,000, and today they
are said to have 100,000 disciplined
members. The "Moplars" are for
the most part young Indians, who
saw actlye service in the Great War
ln Europe and Mesopotamia.
In sympathy, with the Moplar
movoment, revolutionists ln the
South have broken with the Ghandi
leaders, and havo formed six Independent states comprising approximately 100,000 acres. Soldiers from
British army bases sent to this territory were repulsed. The following, quotation from the~^ Times,
weekly edition, London, dated-September 23, shows the seriousness
of the situation:
"In the Council of State today it
was officially announced that the
situation in Malabar remained serious. The troops were hampered
by the mobility of the rebels, and
by the difficulty of transport and
"The spirit of the rebellion is un-
.broken. Police stations and courts
aro still unable to reopen, and it is
impossiblo to ascertain the extent
of the damage to private and public property. Roads and bridges
repaired by the troops are immediately destroyed."
In the Malabar district the Moplars have cut all communications,
destroyed tho bridges and have
posted snipers in trenches and In
the forests. Railroad rails have
been torn up, several ammunition
warehouses taken, and the records
In government' offices have been
seized and destroyed. All Britishers have left the district.
Responding to the call of Ghandi
thousands of native soldiers have
deserted the British army and civil
employees are leaving their posts.
Mohammed and Shaukat All, leaders of 70,000,000 Mohammedans
and aides of Ghandi, have been arrested for requesting Moslem soldiers to resign their positions, "We
must repeat the formula of the All
brothers," reads Ghandi's statement
"and invite imprisonment. We
must declare from a thousand platforms that it is Binful for any Hindu or Mohammedan to serve the
existing (British) government,
whether as a soldier or In any capacity whatsoever."
 "   «-.fc     *
Attempt Is Made to Discredit Worker in Order to
Secure Election of Old Party Candidate—Political
Infamy of 1917 Election Is Evidently to Be
Repeated in Present Federal Contest
WORKERS who rememb-er the dirty tactics of the politicians supporting the Coalitionist Government during the
election of 1917, and how the "will of the people" was manufactured to suit the party in power by all the dirty tactics
that eould be thought of by unscrupulous and slimy party
heelers of all sections of society, including some workers, will
not be surprised if similar tactics are adopted in the present
campaign. That such tactics arc to be used, in thc coming
elections, is proven by*a circular that is being circulated in
the East Kootenay riding.    The circular reads as follows;
Tne Dominion Government lo about to. dissolve and wo art
now on tlio eve of an election. The workor is now able to.show
tho general public his position with regard to loyalty and true
ottizonslUp. Therefore this circular ls sent out by a committee
entrusted with tlie organization of a Conservative Working
Hen's Association. Tho figures at the last Provincial Election
were:   Fernle, 2433; Cranbrook, 18-16; Columbia, 787.
This on the face of It looks like a hopeless case for ont
government, > ...
If the labor vote, which only exists at Fernio and Kiinber*
ley, amounts to a total of 000, then It will be plain that we are
at a serious disadvantage, for the, Columbia Liberal vote, together with the Cranbrook count, wonld create a dangerous
situation, and ono requiring careful haudUng. —"
This shows tlio necessity for a Labor candidate to split the
vote lf our position is to bo made jsecuxe. ThlB candidature has
been assured support by Gladstone Local of Fernio and the
Local at Michel, What Klmberiey's attitude may be Is not yet
determined, but it Is felt that they will work along with us. It
Is said tlmt Mr. Levitt of Calgary also gives this matter his
approval. Mr, Uphill Is also promising and ardently working
ln favor of a Conservative Working Man's Candidate, with, we
feel assured, of Dr. BonneU's wish, and we have every faith ln
. his choice of Mr. Beard of Michel as the proper person to fill
the bill.
The Union Government, by virtue of its very name, should
strongly appeal to union men.
Its forethought ln bringing into the district the Royal North*
|We«t Mounted Police has, ln tlie long run, resulted in good for
the worker. Tlieir presence has kept down thc*cxlrcme class of
Tlie miners of tlio Crow's Nest are apparently well pleased
with the splendid work of Hon. Gideon ltohei-.soii, Minister of
Labor, who has-been again honored with that position and
Will wl minister to the wants of the working class.
Tho only opposition to tlie Federal Government seems to
be ln the fact tbat thoy have hot spent any publie money here.
After all this is of little concern to Uie miners.
What we, as loyal and law-abiding citizens desire, ls clean,
patrlotlo government.
When a copy of the circular flrst
came to hand, its very nature
aroused; suspicions. Investigations
were carried on in the riding referred to, and it has been learned
that the circular was issued and
distributed by Liberal party heelers, at least one of these- being a
working man residing in that district.
In the past, the Conservative
forces have endeavored to, and
have used, unscrupulous workors in
their efforts to defeat tho Liberal
candidates, those responsible for
the circular having knowledge of
that fact, have attempted to brand
a number of workers who have no
knowledge of the origin of the circular, except that gained since lta
widespread circulation, with treachery to the working class.
Beard Clear
From men In whom we can place
absolute confidence, we learn that
Harry Beard, the man referred to
as being the choice of the present
government for a Labor nomination, is above reproach, and that
he would never be a party to such
an arrangement as suggested in the
circular. One well-known representative of the workers states that
the references to Beard are abso-
(Contlnuod on page 4)
i n
Half Measures No Use
in Revolutionary
|.e..>..»,a>„t.i|ii,..>B|M|i,tiij|l<.i|iHHiHiltl |in„,ll|llt„t
Friday, October 28th
Under the Auspices of the Belief Committee for Famine-
Stricken Eussia
Concert Programme, 8 to 9 Dance, 9 to 12
Oeneral Admission, 25 Cents
S.P. of C. Campaign Meeting in Oddfellows' Hall
Saturday Night
Another good -meeting was held
by the Socialist Party of Canada
last Sunday night, at the Royal
theatre, ln the interests of the
campaign In Centre Vancouver.
Although! the audience was not
large, enthusiasm was not lacking.
The address given by T.O'Connor
embodied a very flne presentation
of the Socialist position In contradistinction to the orthodox point of
view. The argument was closely
followed all through, and at the
closo of the address, numerous
questions were dealt with by the
Next Saturday night a meeting
will be held In the Oddfellows'
Hall, Sixth avenue and Main street.
On Sunday night W. A. Pritchard
will be at the Royal theatre. All
party members are requested to bc
on hand, to be ready for the further work which the campaign will
London.—John McLean, one of
the noted Glasgow Communists,
was sentenced on Wednesday to
prison for twelve months for .seditious language.
Says   Government   Has
Failed   to   Aid
Speaking to the address from the
throne in the Legislative Assembly
on Tuesday last, Mr. Sam Guthrie,
M. L. A., scored the government
for its neglect of the unemployed,
After dealing with the Campbell-
Cromlo case, and referring to the
fact that tha government was supposed to be for reform, he pointed
out that there had been plenty of
opportunities to do something for
the workers, but it appeared that
the government was Intending to
place greater burdens on the workers by wiping out tho Income tax
He denied that the members of
the Legislature had any knowledge
that it was the intention of the
government to cut the wages of
road workers, and scored the-gov-
ernment for having reduced the
wages of workera on this work by
76 cents per day.
Referring to the inattention of
the government to the plight of the
unemployed, he pointed out that
the present state of unemployment
and Industrial unrest could not bc
eliminated under capitalism, but
held that the government had been
remiss ln failing to take steps to,
relieve the situation to some extent. He stated that the government had stated that there was no
funds for this purpose, yet It could
flnd $400,000 for the B. C. Electric
Railway Company, but thut was because the company was a contributor to the government's campaign
funds, as he stated, "funds to keep
this party of reform In power."
War Product of Capitalism, Says Tom
A successful meeting ln support
of the candidature of Tom Rich
ardson was held at McBrido school
on Tuesday, Oct. 26. At Dreamland on Sunday evening last,
good meeting was held, with Com,
Aid. W. J. Scribbins, chairman, and
Tom Richardson, speaker, J. W.
Hogg, tho other speaker being unable to appear owing to Illness. The
P. L. P. candidato for Vancouver
feouth, Comrade Richardson, delivered a stirring address, and asked
ihe electors not to place any faith
in the utterances of old party candidates. They stood for the Intercuts of the owning claas only. The
statement of the Liberal soldier
candidate, "that what Canada needs
is a happy and contented people,"
lacked any Idea from Gen. Odium
as to how that happy state-could
bo brought to fruition. The Innocence and simplicity of tho general
in giving reasons why he should be
elected^? tnat no was a life-long
]_U< tral, and there is a Liberal gov-
rnment at Victoria," was laughed
t by tho audience. He warned
tho audienco to watch out for tho
war-mongers, for, any attempt to
drive us again to war would incur
his stoutest opposition, irrespective
of the cost and regardless of the
Ho again nfllrmed that there Ib
only one way ln which war could
be abolished, and it could only be
accomplished by the united action
of the workers ln eliminating modern capitalism, and substituting the
(Continued on page 2)
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination League.
TUESDAY—"Workers' Council.
THURSDAY—Plasterers' Helpers.    ,;V-
SATURDAY—Dance, 9 to 12.
Russians Look Upon the
Press as a Means of
(Federated Press Staff Writer)
(Copyright, 1921, by The Federated
The press of Russia, like every
other Institution ln the country, has
been profoundly affected by tbe revolution. Where'before the great
upheaval there was practically no
labor press at all, there Is now
hardly anything else. About the
only Journals existing at present are
those of the Communist Party, the
Government, tha Trade Unions, the
Co-operatives, and other Institutions friendly to, or at least tolerant of, the Communist revolution.
There ls no Important oppositional
press. By the hard logic of circumstances in the bitter revolutionary
struggles, virtually all of tt, im
perlallst, clerical, liberal, and
pseudo-socialist, was destroyed.
The principal reason for this
clean sweep of the journals of all
these political and social tendencies,, "reactionary" and "radical"
alike, was the fact that when It
came to a show-down all proved
theselves to be tarred with the
same brush. All were capitalistic
at heart, and flatly against the proletarian government; all joined
hands in playing the game of
counter revolution. And lt must
be said that the so-called radical
sheets were the ones most dangerous in this work of reaction, because their true antagonistic tendency was obscured by their fair
sounding words. In the name of
labor Idealism they were knifing
the revolution.
Much mawkish sentiment has
been expressed over the collapse of
the self-styled radical press. But
ln the critical days of the revolution when it went down there was
no tie for half-way measures. The
working class, fighting its way out
of Czarism and towards liberty, was
beset by a multitude of dangers.
Within the country the whole capitalist and "intellectual" classes
were sabotaging the Industries and
bring the people to ruin; on its
borders raged the armies of the
whole capitalist world. Defeat for
the revolution meant the triumph
of black autocracy and the inauguration of the most terrible rflassa-
cres of workers history has ever
In such a crisis there could be
only two sides to thc struggle; that
for the workers and that against
them. There, was no middle ground;
lt was a case of getting upon one
side or the other of the barricade.
True to its nature, the "radical"
press made its choice and met its
fate. In Us own insidious way It
took up cudgels (or thc counter revolutionary exploiting classes, and
worked to defeat every pactlcal
measure for making the revolution
a success. Hence lt perished at
the hands of the hostile workers.
Recognized Danger
From the beginning of the revolution the workers keenly realized
that one "Of the very greatest
dangers they had to combat was
the .poisoning of the people's minds
by the paid press of the exploiters.
Hence they decided to remove this
danger. They made no bones about
the matter, but r,ct up the Revolutionary Press Tribunal, and declared war against the journalistic
hangers-on of the social parasites.
As fast as the latter were caught
in counter revolutionary activities
their journals were put but of business. It was not long before the
working class press remained practically alone In tho field.
(Continued on page 1)
No Forces Big Enough to
Save Europe, Says
(By The Federated Press)
Nsw Tork.—"European civilisation Is slowly going to pieces," said
John F. Sinclair, a Minneapolis
banker, Just landed here after two
months' abroad. "There are no
forces at work strong enough to
arrest the disintegration. "Europe
Is heading straight for a smash."
Sinclair declared that "mob orators" during the last seven years
have been using their powers to
"fan the base passions of fear and
hate." "Nothing but bold measures
under the leadership of determined
men," he asserted, "will enable its
civilization to survive, or even
The measures suggested by the
Minneapolis banker he listed as follows:
1. A vigorous policy to stop currency Inflation.
2. Cancellation of all German
indemnity payments, or at least
thefr suspension for o, period of
S. Immediate resumption of
trade relations with Russia. Europe
needs and must have the raw materials of Russia.
4. A ruthless cutting down of
armies and navies.
If you want some sample copies
of this paper for your neighbors,
call around to the office and get
New York Workers Honor
Man Who Gave His
Life for Ideals
No  Person  Allowed  to
Enter Without Gov-
ernent Permission
(By The Federated Press)
(New Tork Bureau)
New Tork.—Still another warning has been Issuod by Charles
Recht, legal representative here
of the Russian Government, that
the frontiers of Russia aro closed
and that no persons will be allowed
to enter the country without previous permission from thc Russian
Government. Mr. Recht made public the following cablegram jusi
received from Leonid Krassln, the
Russian government representative
In London:
"London.—We authorize you to
announce that the frontiers of
Soviet Russia are closed and that
nobody will be allowed to enter
without proper vise from Moscow
from a reptCHcnlutive of the
Russian Soviet Government abroad.
No steamship company has been
authorized by any proper authority
to accept passengers for Russia.
Would-be Immigrants are warned
to disbelieve all promises of steamship companies in this respect. Persons disregarding this notice must
bear all responsibility and conse-
uences of their action themselves."
Widow Says He Died Because He Kept Faith
With Revolution
(By The Federated Press)
New Tork.—Two thousand persons, each wearing the red rose of
Soviet Russia, paid tribute here to
the memory of John Reed, who
died ln Moscow a year ago from
the effects of privations and exposure incurred in his efforts In aid
of Russian freedom. A crowd that
Jammed the Central Opera House
rose to Its feet and cheered as
Louise Bryant, widow of the American newspaperman and radical,
appeared on the stage; then stood
In silent benedictory.'
'John Reed died," his widow told
the gathering, "because he kept
faith with the Russian revolution,
The test bf any ideal is whether or
not those who believe ln It are
ready to die for it. He met that
great test.
'Today Russia is being crucified
for its Ideals. When the war broke
out Russia was the only country
which raised its voice in protest.- If
the diplomats assembled behind
closed doors in Versailles had believed In the threo postulates of.
government in Russia—no Indemnities, no annexations, and self-determination—humanity would not
he facing its present disgrace of
heartlessness and greed while the
many suffer hunger, poverty and
"The splendid stand of Russia
caught thc Imagination and great
heart of John Reed and sent him
to Russia to fulfill thc mission of
the most humane government thc
world has ever seen. For a year
he worked and starved and suffered
in Moscow; now for twelve months
he has been lying In a gravo ln ths
Red Square.
"Now more than over," Miss Bryant continued, "we must work for
RuBsia. She has no timo for propa*
ganda In this country while twenty-
fivo million starve within her own
borders. Things are not well with
Russia. The correspondents and
delegates who have bcen to Moscow
and lived In hotels do not know
Russia. To know Russia you must
starve there, as I starved when I
lost John Heed.
The proceeds of the meeting will
be devoted to aid for Benjamin
Gltlow, now in Sing Sing prison following conviction here for alleged
violation of New York's "criminal
anarchy" act.
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
J.  Kavanagh  Spoke  to
Big Audience on
Emphasized Necessity f ox
Education of Workera
on Class Lines
Judging from tho size of the audience at the Mackensle school last
Tuesday night, whieh attended to
hear the opening campaign speech
of J. Kavanagh, the Socialist Party
of Canada candidate for the South
Vancouver riding, the workers are
taking moro interest In the present
election campaign than in any previous one. The room was full to
capacity, many being unable to obtain seats.
For over an hour the candidate
spoke on the working class position
and the issues of the election from
a working class viewpoint, emphasizing the necessity, of educational work and the electing ol
working class representatives to
parliament, so that this work could
be carried on and the functions oi
the state made known.
Many questions were asked, and
the candidate apparently satisfied
hfs questioners with his answers.
The next meeting will be held
next Friday, Nov. 4, at the Carleton
school, corner of Kingsway and
Joyce roacl. J. Kavanagh and
others will speak.
Other meetings arranged for November are:
Nov. 8, Tecumseh school, 43rd
and Victoria.
Nov. 17, Selkirk school, 22nd and
Nov. 23, Becord school, 61st and
Victoria road.
Nov. 24, Brock school, 83rd and
Nov. 25, McBride school, 29th
and Culloden street
Nov. 29, Brock school, 83nd and
Main street.
Nov. 30, Sexsmith school, 61st
and Ontario street.
Dec. 1, Carleton school, Kings-
way and Joyce.
Dec. 2, Connaught school, Wellington avenue and Rupert.
Lithuanian Banks and In*
dustries  Are  Seized
and Confiscated
(By The Federated Press)
(Washington Bureau)
Wash! ngton.—Break ing up of
Lithuanian schools and orphanages
ts the latest Polish activity in Vilna,
according to a cablegram from the
Lithuanian Government to M. J.
Vinikas, head of its bureau here.
The Polish general, SeligowskJ,
who invaded and took possession of
Vllna in the summer of 1920, In
violation of the Polish-Lithuanian
treaty, Is still In possession, although the Council of thc League
of Nations has twice ruled, nnd the
League Itself affirmed, that Vllna
wos Lithuanian territory.
"Polish armed police attacked
the Lithuanian high school," says
the cablegram, "placing the teachers under arrest and violently ejecting the students. The police struck
men and women students with their
guns and fists and kicked them, injuring many. The students wero
then charged and beaten by mounted police.
"Following this the police forcibly ejected the children from a
Lithuanian orphanage, and later
drovo forty children from a private
home for children. The Lithuanian Bank of Commerce and Industry in Vllna was seized and Its contents confiscated. A Polish com-
mlBsar wob granted a Balary of 100,-
000 in-irks out of the funds of tho
bank to wind up Its affairs within
seven days. The Polish authorities
have refused to register any mora
ilthuanlan co-operatives, presaging an attack on theso Institutions."
Vlnlkas says thnt these acts are
similar to thoso which preceded tha
Polish pogroms of the summer of
1919, when 20,000 Jews In the Vllna
district were massacred and 10,000
made homeless by destruction of
their property. He believes that
new massacres are now planned.
The greatest assistance thnt the
readers of The Federatlonist can
render us at this time, Is by securing a new subscriber. By doing so,
you bprend the news of the working class movement and assist ns
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Unity of Lator: The Hope of the World
FRIDAY October 28, 1921
THE Dominion election campaign has
raised many points that are worthy of
consideration by the workers, not because
the greator proportion of them affect the
lives of the averago wage worker, but beeause they aro not un-
OLASS dcrstood.   One speaker
VS GROUP at a Liberal meeting in
IDEAS a Vancouver constitu
ency has, however,
clearly shown that he does not consider
the workers as a factor in the election—
except that they will, as in the past, vote
tho old party tickets—when he made a
statoment to the effect that the Labor
Party would cut no flgure in the election.
We take it, that in spite of the confused
state of mind of the Liberal referred to,
that what he meant by the "labor party"
was the working class. His remarks indicated that he did not think that, the workers as a class would play a part in the elections, and judging from the history of
past elections in this country, he was not
far out in his guess.
* * *
IA proper interpretation of the ignoring
of the workers as a factor in the elections
from a_ class viewpoint, is that the present ruling class recognizes that the average wage earner has not as yet realized
that he has interests that are diametrically opposed to'those of the employing
class, and is a direct* challenge to tho
workers on an intellectual ground. It is
an intimation that the present ruling class,
and its representatives on the political
field, have but little fear that thc workers
will show any attempt to challenge the
present order of things in the coming
election. The very fact that this idea prevails in. ruling class circles, is something
that the average wage earner might,
however, take into consideration, with
benefit to himself and also to the class
to which he belongs.
» *' *
Developments in this country have
shown that the clash of economic interests has created certain political
concepts. Groups with interests in common under the present system are seeking for political expression by securing
representation in groups in the various
legislative bodies in the eountry. In
Ontario, the Farmers have gained considerable headway in the control of the government of that province. The situation
in Alberta is much the same, and in both
of these provinces the workers in the industrial centres have gained some say
in the legislative halls.
* » «
While the farmers and the workers have
secured some representation, it should be
noted that in the provinces referred to,
the working class, as a class, is not represented. None of the labor members or
the farmers were elected on a class basis.
They were elected on a group or sectional
ground, and class lines absolutely ignored. The farmers' parties do not see
eye to eye with the industrial workers'
representatives, and even the latter do not
know what they want or how to get it.
- They, like the farmers, are blind to, or ignore the great class struggle which is being waged in every country in the world
They are not aware of the significance of
the Bussian revolution, or the effect the
efforts that the people of Soviet Bussia
have made to conserve thcir country from
the attacks of the international capitalist
class, have on the position of the farmers
and industrial workers in all parts of the
world. In other words, both the farmers
and the workers eleoted to the legislative
halls in the provinces referred to, are see-
tional in their views. They do not recognize the class struggle, and consequently
rae the representatives of groups with certain ideas as to their status under the
present order of society, and are incapable
of seeing the trend of modern society, and
unable to aid the workers in the struggle
that is going on so that they may play a
part in the political arena and at the same
time fit the producers for the time in
which they will be compelled to be a
factor in the clash Ictween master and
There can be no real labor party except
that which recognizes the olass struggle.
Thore can be no political party of the
workers, which will become a factor, except it be ono based on a recognition of
the class lines in society and which is
pledged to use its efforts to the education
of the workers so that they can play a
part, that will not only-.be recognized, but
feared by the old line political parties,
and drive the ruling class to cover, the
cover of a elass party, without any camouflage created by division and which will
demonstrate to the workers that there is
only one ruling class and one fight before
them. Today tho ruling class has at its
command all the avenues of education. It
controls the schools, the press and thc
pulpit. Its ideas and concepts are instilled in the minds of the memberB of
the working class from tho early
days of education to the brink of
the grave, and even after the body
of the worker is lowered into its last
resting place, free from toil and the mis-
erics that the present system heaped upon
it in life, thc mumblings of capitalistic
concepts and ruling class ideas are heard
by those present at the last sad rites when
the slave of modern society is put away in
the place allotted to him by charity and J
in the paupers' end of the cemetery. Even
death does not wipe out the class distinctions. They are in evidence from the
cradle to the grave, and yot there are
workers who still cling to the concepts
and idealogy of their masters, and imagine their interests oan be cared for by
groups reprcsentating any but a class
•        *        *
Tariffs, the flag, and "clean government" mean nothing to members of the
working class. They are party catch cries
raised by the ruling class politicians to
catch suckers. They are trotted forth on
every occasion to create in the minds of
the members of tire working class the
idea that their interests can be served by
the present order. These ideas will prevail until the workers gajn a workirig
class psychology. They will be a drag on
the workers until the education and the
spreading of the truth as to the working
class position banishes them as the rising
of the sun dispels the darkness bf night.
Tho need of the election of men to the
Dominion House in the coming election
who understand the working class position and can explain the reason why the
workers will not cut any great figure in
the election, must be apparent to the
least intellectual amongst those who have
realicd the position of the working class,
so that this knowledge ond truth may be
spread. The direct actionist, the non-parliamentarian, who have in the past ridiculed political action, may be revolutionists, but they have yet to learn that the
ruling elass relies on those who have not
yet realized their class position, that
they are a factor to be ignored by that
class, and a section of the working class
that must be considered by those who
would bring about that change which
will give freedom to the slave of
industrialism. That the election of
class-conscious members of the working class to Parliament, will give
an opportunity that cannot be ignored,
for tho education- of that section of the
working class whieh still supports the
present system and human slavery. Consequently a vote for a working class candidate, with a class outlook and policy,
is a vote for the education of the workers
on a class basis, and not on a sectional
Without a ruling class and its poisonous
press, life would be worth living, even if
those who now compose the parasite class
had to work once in a while or star?•• At
present it is the workers who do.', the
starving, because they have worked'too
muoh, and have worked like trojans packing the surplus products all over the
would, to be disposed of, whilo they have
lacked the very things they were packing.
Premier Meighen wants Mr. Crerar to
placo his finger on any piece of legislation or other governmental action which
indicates that the government was in
league with the big interests. So that Mr.
Crerar may have no trouble in acceding to
the Premier's request, may we-suggest
that all the legislation passed, all the
actions of the government, not only show
that the govornment is in league with the
big interests, but that it is a government
of the big fellows and for thcir benefit
alone. If it were not it would not have
lasted as long as it did.
Mr. "Pat" Maitland, who is a lawyer,
recently advised the members of the Vancouver Law Students' Society that a man
might be a failure as a lawyer but he
could always fall back on politics. Possibly this is tho reason that there are two
lawyers running in Vancouver constituencies, one in tho South Vancouver riding,
and tho other in Centre. Wliile men who
make poor lawyers may make good "politicians," we prefer a "good" working
man as a representative.. He at least
knows just what laws are, and what they
are intended for, and will never mak} a
AN ABTICLE appeared in the Vancouver Morning Sun last Friday, whieh
intimated that a Norwegian paper manufacturer had received an order for 1000
tons of newsprint for the Pacifio coast, to
be shipped via the Pan-
A ama Canal.  The article
QUESTION in question was, in part,
OF WOBK. composed of extracts
from a letter sent by a
Norwegian, who at one time, tt/as connected with-the pulp mills at Swanson Bay.
He is reported to have stated in his letetr
that, "the paper which was being sent
from Norway was made out of lumber
from this coast, and that as well as the
timber, the coal and sulphur which were
used in the productive processes were
shipped from this continent."
* , . • *
Irrespective of the faet that paper made
in Norway from the products of the natural resources of the North.American Continent, can be shipped here in successful ,|
competition with the local product, and a
profit realized by the deal, the absurdity
of the capitalistic method of production is
every day in tho week demonstrated by
similar examples of the lugging of raw
materials from one country to another to
be manufactured, and the finished products then shipped baok to the place
where the raw materials were secured,
and where all the means of producing the
finished article were available. This is,
however; the way in which profits are
made and commodities produced for sale.
» * #
Work is needed. Men are idle in spite
of the fact that on every hand evidences
of the duplication Of effort and wasted
energies can be seen. Not that jobless
slaves need work because they like it, but
because they cannot live by any other
method. They must work in order to live.
They are denied the right to work, however, because of the fact that profits cannot be realized on the product of their
toil for which there is no market.
* ,     •'        *
With the profit incentive displaced in
the production of wealth, and the needs
of the people the flrst consideration, the
first objective would be to eliminate useless labor. The duplication of effort would
be reduced to a minimum. There would be
no paper made in Norway from raw materials produced on the North American
Continent. There would be no need for
the ships and other transportation facilities in order that American products could
be shipped to Europe and similar products
from another part of the world packed to
this continont. Work would not bo then
the only object in life; to live and to avoid
work by systematized effort would thtn
be the objective of society. Waste would
be a crime, whereas today it is a benefit to
a slave class, providing the members of
that class, as it does, with work. Hard,
laborious work. Killing work with no
adequate recompense. Work whioh degrades and stultifies all the higher attributes of man. Work that enriches the
few and damns the many. Work that
never ends except when death strikes the
slave or his master having no further use
for him, throws him on the industrial
scrap-heap. If the workers would only
understand the present system and what
work they would miss under a sane order
of society, they would turn their eyes to
life and health and happiness instead of
work, and one great boon to humanity
which cannot be too eagerly sought for
by a slave class, is the day when the capitalistic press will not bo necessary, there
will not in that day, be the need for the
great amount of newsprint that there is
today, and they will be spared reading the
lies which the capitalistic press from day
to day circulates throughout the world.
That in itself should be incentive enough
to induce the workers to seek a new order.
The Toronto business men have decided
to find work for all the unemployed of
that city.     A commission has been appointed to carry out this work. , Commissions, Boyal and otherwise, have sat on
nearly every question of import to the
people that was ever raised.   Usually the
"sitting on" process has been effective, in
as much as the question has still remained
unsolved, while the people have been lured into a state of forgotfulness as to the
purpose for which the commission yr#p
appointed.    The  unemployed  question,
however, cannot be sidetracked by* a commission of business men, who have no idea
pf ita causo; the hungry will not eat because a number of individuals have set
themselves the task of solving an unsolvable question, for the unemployed problem can never be settled under a system
that creates it.   Business men, including
store keepers, manufacturers and traders
of the wholesale variety, have been compelled to lay men and women off beejtusd
business waa bad.   They cannot even eni'
ploy their full staffs because there is.no-
-thing fo:.* them to do, and judging from
present prospects, thoy will be compelled
to lay more employees off in the near
future.   Commodities are  produced i for
sale, that being so, there must be a market in whioh they can be sold.   The market, however, docs not exist that is large
enough to absorb the products of 'stor.
Hence the unemployment.   The Toronto
business men cannot create a market out
of nothing, and if they are unable tb
create the necessary demand, the production of commodities will not be resumed,
and the unemployed will still be unemployed, only more so.   Unemployment is
a necessity and an inevitable condition'under capitalism, and even the ingenuity of
business men cannot solve that problem
under the present system.    The  caus,e
must first be eradicated before a solution
can bo supplied.   This is a job that the
world's working class, as a class, must
undertake.   To imagine that people who
are compelled to fire their slaves because
there is nothing for them to do, can put
all the unemployed to work, is as logical
as it would be to suggest that the business men should sell their wares when
there are no buyers.
(By Evelyn Sharp)
(Federated Presa Staff Writer)
LONDON, Oot 5.—The Industrial situation has altered considerably for the worse since
I last wrote. In agriculture, In the
engineering, mining and shipbuilding Industries, crises are developing which, in addition to the steady
growth of unemployment and short
time, may easily bring about strikes
and lockouts affecting perhaps over
Ave million workers.
A sign of sanity ls seen ln the
delay of the Norfolk farmers in declaring the lookout they had threatened in the event of the men refusing to accept the impending
wage cuts; but the negotiations now
proceeding are almost certain to
end In considerable wage reductions, which indeed are being made
all over the countryside.
The discontent thus spreading
among land workers ls one of the
most subtly serious factors of the
industrial situation; for, with the
agricultural laborers content, the
industrial workers could never
stand up with any success agalnBt
the capitalist system that now holds
them in the hollow of Its hand. A
curious by-product of the agricultural situation is the alarm already
being expressed by rural boards of
guardians lest, with wages cut
down from 42 shillings to 80 shil-.
lings, the men may prefer the poorhouse, thus driving up the rates ths
farmers will bave to pay.
While the crisis In the engineering and shipbuilding trades awaits
"the result of tomorrow's conference
between employers and the Ministry of Labor, and while another
crisis is piling up ln the mining Industry where pits are closing down,
but owners are chiefly concerned In
retaining their July profits contrary
to agreement, the great mass of
men and women already thrown on
the Labor market, by actual unemployment, are growing "capable of
almost anything," as Harry Gosling warned yesterday's meeting.of
the London County Council.
The Bethnal Green Borough
councU has .resolved to repeat the
"offense" of the Foular councillors
by refusing also to levy the county
council and other outside taxes in
a district depleted of money
through the enormous poor tax
levied for the unemployed. Tester-
day large but orderly crowds of
starved men and women marched
to Trafalgar Square and Hyde Park
to hold demonstrations demanding
work or maintenance. JUdglng by
the way the police Interfered to
prevent them at Trafalgar Square
(in defense of a regulation forbidding such a meeting without police
permission), one would think that
their object had been to set up a
red republic. Broken heads, of
course, resulted, and the only wonder ls that, seeing the heartless dls-'
play of luxury in the West Bnd
today, the broken heads In very
few Instances are those of the demonstrators.
' Authority seems pretty Incompetent to deal with tno crisis which
grows worse every day. The prime
minister's speech at Inverness yesterday was a model of ineptitude.
The man who won the war and
made the peace now tells ua that It
will take years to cure the present
depression dh account of the depletion of the resources of nations
and the instability of the exchanges. Of a practical policy now
he shows no more sign than to talk
of cabinet meetings and consultation with experts. Meanwhile anger ls rising alt over the country,
and the feeling of the ex-soldiers la
well expressed ln, some of their
banners at unemployed demonstrations: "1924, Popularity and Fagsj
1921, Charity and Hags." Or,
"1914, Mobilization and War; 1921,
Starvation and Jaw."
The decision of the League of
Nations Assembly to take no official
steps to relieve the Russian famine ts typical of the government
spirit everywhere. Any hopes that
the League, weak as lt Is, would at
least take a long enough view of
the Russian distress to see that
help Is given to the Soviet Government to deal with lt would be help
given to restore Europe and all of
its starving workers, are now
dashed to the ground. Perhaps
nothing so clearly demonstrates the
crash of civilization In Europe at
this cruel decision to leave one of
th.g greatest human disasters ln history to the tinkering of private Individuals, and really because the
Soviet Republic has repudiated the
national debt (Incurred by the
Tsardom)—& course of action by
the way, which is being advocated
seriously by most economists now
tn reference to other national debts,
as a means of securing flnanclal
stability and restoring trade.
In Germany the rally of the
people to the republic, threatened
by Bavarian militarism, continues,
and may result ln a coalition between the Majority and the Independent Socialists; but the depreciation of the mark, owing to the
forced payment of reparations, ls
ltkely to result ln Germany's col-
lapse—and, incldently, everybody
else's—In a very short time, unless
France can be Induced to see reason and stop, not only her demands
for more gold but also her militarist plots In Poland and elsewhere.
One can only hope, looking around
Europe today, that there Is happy
augury in such actions as that of
the munition workers at St. Ouen
(France), who recently struck because they believed the war material on which they were working
was intended for use against Soviet
Russia, and such speeches as that
of the British delegate to the World
Congress of Ex-Service Men at
Vienna, describing the refusal of
British labor to baek up Lloyd
George in his support of M.
Brland's German policy.
FRIDAY October 28, 1921
ft L, P. Meeting
at Dreamland
• i ■#•
(Continued from page *)
co-operative commonwealth. The
subject for next Sunday at Dreamland, Twenty-sixth and Main, Is
"The Russian Situation," by a Russian, speaking ln English. Chairman, Tom Richardson. Doors open
at 7.10; meeting begins at 8 p.m.
Meetings will also be held In support of Tom Richardson at   j
Cavell school, Twentieth and
Ash, Friday, Oct. 28. Speakers,
Mrs. Corso and Tom Richardson.
Selkirk school, Cedar Cottage,
Thursday, Oct. 27. Speakers, Mrs.
J. S. Woodsworth and T. Richardson.
Nov. 8; Lloyd George school,
Sixty-fourth west and Montcalm
Marpole, six blocks west of Oak
street; car line on 64th.
Connaught school, Rupert and
Wellington avenue, two blocks east
of Colllngwood West station. Speakers, Aid. W. j/Scrlbbtns ana T.
Nov. 4, Queen Mary school, Sasa-
mat ear West Point Grey. Speakers, C. S. Cassldy and T. Richardson.,
Dr. Nansen, in a speech before the
League of Nations Assembly, made an
eloquent appeal for aid for the famine
sufferers in Soviet Bussia. Amongst other
things he said:
"I do not believe that the people
of Europe will sit with folded hands
through slow months of winter and
watch the millions of Bussia starving
to death.   The situation is this:   In
Canada this year the crop is so good
that Canada will he able to export
three times as much as is neccsshry
to meet the difficulty caused by the
famine  in  Eussia.  In  the  United
States wheat is decomposing in the
farmers' stores because they cannot
find purchasers for the surplus.   In
Argentine maize is lying in such
. abundance that they cannot get rid
of it, and it is being used as fuel in
locomotives because that is thc only
way in whioh they can use it.   Be.,
tween us and America ships are lying
idle; we cannot find employment for
them; and on the other side, in the
cast, twenty or thirty million people'
are starving to death."
While it is true that corn is being burnt
for fuel in the TJ. S. and Argentine, and
Canada has more wheat than she knows
what to do with,, there are people on this
[.continent, as well as   those   in   Soviet
Eussia, who are starving to death.  Every
city in Canada and the United States has
its numbers of starving people, and many
more who, while they are not actually
without food, are starving gradually and
are undernourished; even the farmers
themselves, who have played their part
in the production of the corn and wheat
for which there is no market, and even if
sold will not remunerate those who grew
it, are in want.   Clothing in warehouses,
shoes in stores, and poople without proper
covering for their bodies and with feet
unshod; such is the condition under capitalism, and still there are people, who
dream of prosperity under a system which
starves millions because there is too .much
foodstuff,   and  compels  tho   people  to
suffer privation from the lack of proper
clothing and housing because they have
nroduced more than is necessary.
ment of labor—of tho great massive elemental forces ln tbe world—
what a wonderful thins! It moves
forward slowly but irresistibly,
whil* puny statesmen fume. What
governs It? We do not know ex.
cept that lt Is Impelled by necessity and by a reaching out towards
the sunlit heights of liberty. It
cannot be "led." This ls good, because consequently it cannot be
misled. People try to lead It
Sometimes they apparently sue-,
ceed. They may hinder or weaken
lt for a time, but lt bursts through
the barriers and moves along the
path which lt mattes for Itself.
These self-styled leaders have systems and schemes which they
babble about ignorantly—or learnedly. Thoy want to regularize humanity, to trim it like a Sower-
bed. Poor fools! But sometimes
among them there arises a man
who does really typify and express
the yearnings, hopes and strivlngs
of those beneath. Such a man Js
Jim-Larkin. He gathers up into
his own personality tht essence of
the matter. He is ao Industrial
fighter, a thinker, a dreamer—but
most of all an Industrial lighter.
This ia at lt ihould bt. Thost who
heard him tn tht Albert Hall
meeting in London during the
great Dublin strike will remember
the way ln which he tried to weld
together tht Industrial struggle ln
Ireland with the struggle for national independence. Ht said that
the struggle for national Independence was the most Important
And yet he waa concentrating on
the industrial fight. How contradictory lt all seemed, and how the
theorists sneered. He waa not very
fluent, and had none of tht tricks
of facilt oratory. Ht labored' to
show tht plact of each, and to
reconcile the two. Tht audltnct
was Impressed, Tht difficulty of-
expresston corresponded with the
real difficulties of the situation, and
had the ring of sincerity about lt
How contradictory lt was and how
"The struggle for national independence has become a part of tht
UVea of the people ln Ireland. Bach
generation has. paid grim toll for lt
with misery and massacre; it has
been seared into their souls
through endless revolts and endless coercions. Tht Industrial
struggle—the struggle for life—
that is a great faotor too. How
can we reconcile them? What a
probleml' Larkin faced lt A man
grappling with life—a strange
thing. Honestly grappling with life
—r—still stranger! So he holds his
position ln the forefront because he
Is real and facet realities. He Is
not alone in this, but alasl he ls
tragically near It Some leaders
rise on the wave and think they direct the storm. Their fall Ib swift
They are often left in the wake of
the movement, Issuing pronouncements as to why the people should
not do something which they are
doing. What a blow for a "leader," Others conflnw themselves
to comments upon what ls done,
Eut there Is no motive power In
The working class movement
sweeps on through everything. It
recks littlo of >.. wiseacres. The
struggles of today and of the future
are rank and file struggles. Tho
motive power comes from .the in*
(By R. If. Fox In Tht Worker.)
Let us reflect upon what la called  _, „_,_.„ _.._«, -. ......__.
"The Labour Movement" A move-("The worken art free of responsl-
dustrlal vortex, where tht people
live and work and where tbe actual
clashing of social forces goes on.
We rely upon the movement Labor
has not spoken yet All tht other
sections have spoken, acted, and
failed, Expert has followed expert,
and still the situation grows worse.
They are all jointly responsible for
tht present ghastly mess of things.
Bome—In Italy, at elsewhere,
the unemployment problem Is forcing Itsolf to the front D'Aragona,
secretary of the General Federation
of Labor, deolared ln a meeting of
the Parliamentary Socialist group:
'The government's plan for the Investment ot 20,000,000 pounds In
publlo works, tn order to provide
employment, ls mockery when we
consider the actual need. Not 20,-
000,000 pounds, but- 200,000,000
pounds ls required, and this sum
must ba raised by a national loan
guaranteed by tht State." It was
decided by the group to demand
the Immediate convocation of parliament, and thi, step ls considered
to bt a challenge to the government.
Bloc ap Phone Seymonr ISM
for appointment    ,
Dr. W. J. tuny
Suite J01 Dominion BnlldLng
Cigar Store
Be a practical economist
by buying _*, the cheapest
The Inverness
Farm Products
Betail and Wholesale
Cer. Inverness and Kingswu
Free Deliveries
Phone Fair. 13M
bltlly. They have simply obeyed
orders -tht Great Men havt given
Only In ont place—Russia—have
the Undermen spoken, acted, and
prevailed. We are told that the
mass there are Ignorant, They
cannot read. This ls not true since
the Bolsheviks got power and commenced their educational campaign. Possibly, however, lt helped to keep the people close to life;
they were compelled to reason
closely in relation to facts and experience. Elsewhere the people
might have been entangled In
lying proclamations, the object of
which would have been to convince them that they wert rich
when they were really poor. The
supreme irony of the situation in
Russia was that the workert could
not read the printed lies of the
capitalists, so all their Journalistic
art was useless. The people could
only Judge by actual fact, and facts
are clean things.
The Revolution was guided by
the experience" of the past and lt
has learnt the lessons of history.
The Ancient. Lowly havt secured
control of a country for tht first
time. If ignorance helped them It
was an Invincible Ignorance which
held by truth la spite of clever
tricksters, and It Is reinforced by
invincible knowledge which Justifies thom. All over tho world Labor
moves forward. It does not move
in steady progression. It leaps as
a flame, and then seems to flicker
and die down, Tet ther* la that
within it which cannot bt crushed,
thwarted, or misled. So amid the
suffering, misery, and apparent
failures of these transition dayt it
ls upon that rising forct that we
build our hopes.
Furniture Store
Wt want you to eomt te
thlt store with confidence
that you can buy Furniture, Carpets and Linoleum at lowtr prlcea and
better terms.      <
Mo Greater Opportunity
ter   tba   Working   km
416 Main Street
Phone Sey. MtT
TIOMIM tad (tt yeu 11
per coat djwewit.
Brpmmitt's Values Are
Not Beaten
Oreen Label Underwear,   per
suit ..,$2.00
Gold   Label
suit  „..
Underwear,   per
■■,.J-..i,. .8.50
Stanfield's Red Label Undlr-
wear, suit ...........—|_,50
Blue   Label
Underwear,   per
Overalls, double knot and seat,
at 88.B8
Heavy Overall Pants, blue and
black $2,00
Men's Logging Boots from $1$
Boots from,
Men's Fine
per /
Black Label Underwear, grey
and white, per suit _____
Ralntest Pants —.  $0.00
Shirts, Rose City $8,00
Mackinaw Shirts ■» $7,50
Carss Mackinaw Shlrts..$12.5Q
Cares Heavy Orey Pants..$7,50
Men's Heavy Pants  $4,00
Men's Gum Boots—A few pairs
of Hip Boots, not guaranteed,
at j. 81.0*
Best Quality—
Three-quarter ...- ....$8.50
Knee $5.50
Laced  „ $4,00
Rubber Coats and Oil Clothing
of all kinds.
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
Kindling Fee*
1440 GRANVILLE Ser. 5$$$
Comfortable and Modem
__    Prices Iteasonabl*
MBS. _ WRIGHT, Pro*.
Seymonr 7.88-0
O. J. Mengel
Writes all classes of Insurance, Representing only first-
class Board companies. If Insuranco Is wanted, write or
phont Sty. 562«.
Onto* address, 711 Board ot
Trad* Bldg., Vanoouver, B.O.
Greateit Stock ol
In Greater Vancouver
Replete In every detail
Hastings FiiniitiireCo_Iid.
41 Bastings Stroet West
118*   ^^^^^^^^^
Butty tirrleea, 11 ue. aai T.80 __a_ 1
Sender    etbeel    Immedleleiy    toUeebg I
■orolai eenlet.    Wednudsr teetl_-____l I
__-."__£ .*.   tt.   tn.   readiig '
eoi-eos   Blree   Bile.
Sou may wish to help The Fed-1
eratlonlst, You can do so by renew-1
Ing yonr subscription promptly (all
sending In the subscription of yoofl
Mond or neighbor.
Unite oaeiale, writs fer priees.   Wt I
In that dark hour when symp*. I
thy aad best ttrvlet count tt |
mueh—call up
Phone Fairmont 5$
Prompt Ambulance Servlc*
"A Good Plaoe to Bat"
IM all klndj of work, rood rendu ra*
quire good implement* kept ln food
condition.   If th* right aort of la*
plement la important to an individual  ,
workman, efficient toola for induitry I
ud eomraero* art a neceaaltr.
Telephone aerrlce la ens of tk* tool* j
of industry and   commerce   In   moat
common nae and npon which mock d*> ■_
pends.. To transmit th* vibration* of' I
the human voice from any point to any f
other point demand* an expensive mr
ohanltm at th* highest order of iciaa* I
tifto precision and an efficient organ*
and Non-aleolioUo wine* of ill
_.Octo_er 88, Mil
thirteenth ybah. no, w   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vancouvm.
Are You Afraid of Spending the Money?
..„   How Low Are Dental Prices?   Isn't It
Because You Don't Know?
Most people make very extravagant guesses about the
oost of denial work; dental prices are believed to bt
high tor no other reason than that they are dental
prices. Such a conclusion ls absurd; - lt Isn't based on
', ' fact*. Hy new prices astonish people who enquire about
' them. Have you done so yet? Isn't it tlms you did?
Day after day, as time goes on and you continue to
delay, your teeth get only tht worse' for waiting.
Prices mean nothing to them; sound attention meant
everything. So when you connect the work they demand with the prices that are a great deal less than
you think—there Is nothing that can deter you. Phone
for an early appointment
Have Ton
Oood Features?
Teeth are an Important
factor .of good appearance. Oood teeth mean
good features. Expression
Work Is desirable if you
have lost teeth,
Corner Seymour
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
DB.  BRETT  ANDERSON,  formerly member at the F»cult7 at.tbe
Cotlog* of Dentistry, University of Southern California,  Lecturer
on Orown and Bridgework, Demonstrator in Platework and Operative Dentistry, Local and Genertl Anaesthesl*.   :
Seattle,—"Hundred* of Seattle
-Veterans are In dire neefl. Federal
jpld la a grjm joke."
This Js the opinion ln Noble-
Rainier Pout ot the American Legion, largest post in the Pacific
Northwest.    Many veterans of the
world war who contracted diseases in France have been callously deserted by the Federal Board
of Vocational Training and Rehabilitation, the memberi declare.
Patronise  Fed  Advertiser's.
lien yon must HELP to food her starving workers and
. for the famine stricken in the Volga Provinces. Many
workers have already done so, DID YOU. DO TOUB
BIT. Urge the organization you belong to to DONATE
STAND BT SOVIET RUSSIA, and thereby show your
true working class solidarity.
Address all communications to:
Canadian Famine Relief Committee for the
Drought Stricken in Soviet Russia
The revival in tk* lnmber trade
is beginning to bave a psychological
effect upon the men in camp, some
of the camps, showing signs of an
awakening. During th* past week
one large camp held a meeting and
elected a delegate. They are going
to hold meetings regularly in the
future. A few active men have
heen carrying on propaganda and
their efforts have at last borne
The boss loggers hav* let lt be
generally known that no meetings
or delegates were to be allowed ln
camp and of course have had their
blacklist working overtime to accomplish this end. The result has
been that most of the active men
have been kept out of the woods
until at the present time lt is found
that the woods are full of farmers
and the farms full of loggers. This
ls sabotage up to date.
However, the boss ls beginning to
flnd out that hts blacklist Is not the
howling success he thought" tt
would bs, He Is finding that
Sclssqr-Bllls are a poor proposition
to produce logs with. There ls one
camp up the coast where the fallers
and buckers are working by contract'and they are having a struggle to make their board. They are
trying to get a Job on the section In
order to make enough to get out of
the camp. The boss can't make
much out of this class of labor and
it Is Just beginning to dawn on
him. Many of this type are being
shipped out only to be shipped
back again and the foremen are hot.
ginning to ask for loggers Instead
of farmers.
It ls not expected, however, that
the boss will remove ths ban on
meetings unless the majority of the
men In camp are determined to
hold metings ln spite of the ban,
but there Is nothing to prevent tho
active ones, of which there ar.e a
few in every camp, from forming
the nucleus of an organisation In
every camp, which win undoubted,
ly trow a* tlm* goes on, Th* organisation flourished whil* it Was
possible to hold meetings and elect
delegates, but conditions hav*
changed and la order to survive
the organization must follow th*
law of development ami adapt itsolf
to its changed environment
It* ability jr failure to do this
will determine whether it will sur-
vlv* or perish.
tet Twenty Tears we hsvs Issued tbls Union stamp for nee trader oar
Peaceful OoUtctrre Bargaining
Forbids Both Strikes aud Lockout!
Dliputei Settled by Arbitration
Study Employment end suited Workmanship
Prompt Deliveries to Dealers end Public
Peace and Success to Workers and Ewployare
Prosperity of Shoe Making Communities
As loyal union meu and woman, wt uk
Sra  to  demand  shoes   bearing   tbe   abort
nlon Stamp on Sole, losote or Lining.
OolUi lovely, On.nl Preeldeit    Ohertoe L Belre, Otarnl Beg.-Tr-n,
Fresh Ont liomtst, Funeral Vesltis, Wedding BouqustJ, Pot Plant*
Ornamental aid Shad* Irs**, Suit, Bulb-, Florist*' ■______»_
[Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
f U Hutlngi Street East V28 Oranvllle Strett
mr .8S47S Seymour WU
The M.T.I Loggers' Boot
Mall orders penosslly sttended la
Oaaranteed to Hold Caulks and Aro Thoroughly Watertight
[MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS A SON
Next Door to Loggers' Ball
[ Phon* Seymonr BB* Repairs Don. While Ton Walt
A Common Sense
Economic Law
It is good logic to spend your money where it
will do you the most good. Cascade Beer is made
in Vancouver by Vancouver workmen. When ybu
drink it your money helps to keep Vancouver men
in employment. No. only that; but it is acknowledged to bc the best beer sold in B, 0. Insist i
The Ham, Butter and
Egg Kings
Free Delivery
Phono Soy. 3262
Phono Seymour 863   \
Phont Fairmont. 1881
1101 ORANVILLE (West End Market,
Corner Datis) Phone Bay* 0119
Hsve yon tried Sister's Famous Fork
Shoulders for your Sunday and Monday roasts! Our quality of pork goes
further. They only weigh from 4 to 7
lbs. Bopilar SOo lb. Special, Friday
and Saturday, lb  22>/jC
We  have  a   genuine   speeial
Lamb Legs for Friday and Satur*
dny.   No. l Government inspected.
Rog.  88c lb.     Special, lb 29>/aC
Our quality of moat bobs farther.
Quality Pot Roasts, from, lb. _-.J.10o
Quality Oven Roasts, from, lb.—12'Ac
Quality. Boiling Beef, from, lb 8c
Quality Stew Beef, 2 lba. for 25c
We have alao a genuine apeclal on
Lamb Shoulders for Friday and Saturday. Any slie cut to order. No. 1
Oovernment   inspoctcd.     Special,   per
lb.  _..-. ~    160
Onr quality of lamb goea farther.
Genuine Rump Roasts on sale on
Friday and Saturday.   No. I Gov
ernment inspected.    Nothing fnrr.
Speolal,  from,  lb,  20C
Our quality of meat goea farther.
On Saturday, from 7 a.m. to 11 a.m.,
we will sell the very host of Creamery Butter tbat comes from Alberta.
This ia genuine 500 butter. Special,
8 lba. for :..-.  fl*M
On sal* on Saturday morning, onr
Famous Alborta No. 1 Creamery,
reg. 8 lbs. tor $1.14. Speolal,
8 lbs.  .......  >1-1»
On sal* Friday and Saturday.   Genuine Leaf Lard, Government Inspected.
Reg. 2 lbs. for 40c.   Speolal, a lbs.
for  n SW
Slater's Famous Sugar Oared Streaky
Baoon, In half or whole slabs.   It Is
certainly the nicest streaky bacon we
have   had   this   year.    Speeial,   ner
lb. .
. 36Vie
Our   Famons
Bacon, 8 lbs.
for  -..
We are selling on Friday and Saturday genuine Sugar Cured Hams
(hind legs), weighing from 10 to 12
lbs.   Reg. 48o lb.   Extra special, per
lb    • «%«
Burns' Fineat Shamrock Lard. Spocial
for Saturday raon tag from 7 am. to
11 a.m., 2 lbs. * . 86o
Slater's Famona Spuds,
delivered ..,_...-«..-»
100-lb, sack,
Editor B. C. FederationiBt: Dear
Sir: Somebody turned a bull looae
In Kamloopa, and lt wandered as
far as Vancouver. Aa ls customary
with bulla in new pastures, this one
pawtd the- earth and did considerable bellowing, and these bellow-,
ings found an echo In the columns
of tha Vancouvor Sun of Friday,
Oct 21.
A lengthy artlole In the Sun told
of an Interview with J. T. Robinson,
who la the Conservative candidate
in the Cariboo riding, of which
Kamloopa is the centre, and J, T's,
place of residence. Mr. Robinson
ls quoted to the effect that there is
no unemployment In Kamloops, and
that there was work ln the city for
any one who-'wanted lt. Such e
statement hardly needs contradicting to any one who la thinking at
all these days, but to Bave a few of
tha more simple-minded a long,
fruitless trip to tho interior, which,
to quote the artlUe, "la bubbling
over with prosperity," I am taking
the trouble to state that there Is
plehty of unemployment here, aa
all over the country and the entire
worlQ. '   \j
On the night of the day that the
article mentioned was published,
six men applied for, and were given
bed and breakfast ln the city jail.
Several more slept on the floor of
the Loggers' hall, and many slept
in box. cars. The "stem" is being
actively panhandled to secure the
price of a meal, and every train
brings and takes away it's quota of
men whcTare sharing this "bubble"
of prosperity. On the railroads
here, there are men with ten years'
rights, and'" more who are bucking
tbo spare board.
On the same nfght the Conservative candidate held his. opening
rally, a band played on the street
outside the party headquarters, and
inside there was music and songs
by local talent. There was all the
old. political pomp and show put
forth to catch the sentiment and
votes of the people, but nothing to
appeal to their intelligence, nothing
to bring them to face the mess
that the world Is In today. The
audience ran heavily to women of
a class that have not a? yet been
seriously affected by the existing
conditions, and naturally they fall
tor the glitter and tinsel that Is
put on to cover up the real questions that their candicuih* steers so
clear of by talklns at prosperity.
One of the unemployed who had
read of the good times ln Kamloops
went to see J. T. about all this
work, and was handed ?6c to get
him supper and bed, and told to
appear, ifl the morning. He dined
sumptuously and slept at the best
hotel on the 85c, and went back In
the morning, but up tu date, has
not secured-any of the advertised
The Cariboo Labor Party has
been formed, and a candidate, W,
W. Lynea, has been put in the field.
There will be no bands, etc., in the
Labor campaign, butt vital questions of the day will be dealt with
to the best of our ability, and it Ib
hoped that tho working class ln
thla ■ constituency will be able to
see the differenco between facts
and fancy, and vote accordingly.
We need all the representatives of
Labor we can get at Ottawa, not
because we think that they can
make any greafl changes at this
time, but because thoy can and will
tell tho truth and let the peop]
know what is" going on at the seat
of government.
So onco again, keep away from
Kamloops if you are really looking
for work, but if you do come, see
J. T., for he Is the only one that I
know of who believes that he
knows where there is work to bo
October 24, 1921.
PARIS Always Did Give Yon a Square Deal
No Paper Shoes Sold to You for Leather. When He Says the Price Is Low Ton Can Depend on It
•w Get Fitted Up Now     :„ j.
A .pedal purcliaa* of SOO pain
of Mu'* Blaek Calf Dren*
Show.      Exception*!     valu*.
%?- $5.95
Hand-made, wat wtathw Oil
Tan Boota, mad* from th*
•am* leather, a* log. ers' boot*.
Spaclal e_m _*f\
valu*. ..___ 9 0 eOV
 **' *)	
Hand-made, brown chrome,
plain toe work boota, Cannot
be duplicated un- &•£. f\f\
der 19.00.   Now-
Women'* Blaek and Brown
Calf Boot*, Goodyear welted
(ole*. AU •____. *g nge
On aal* at  <PU.?0
A brown chrome wet weather
boot, with low heel) double
sole, Goodyear welted.  Special
T. „_$9.00
Boys' wet weather hand-made
box kip achool ahoe*. 8lie*
1 to S 1-1. Oa *^i AC
aale at  *P**tee79
Saturdar and Monday only—
Kid Strap Boum *| Ag
SUppers at ........_ $ 1 *«7tf
Miss*** -tronj   achool   boot*;
mad* of good grade calf; slie*
11 to _.  Ob aal*
Child'* Black Grain Shoes, ln
else* from 8 to *>0 QC
10 1-1.   Special «P-__*e79
Men's No. 1 quality Rubber*.
le-  $1.00
Women'* He. 1 trade AA
Rubber*.  p»r pair... *7UC
Boys' extra heavy duck re_*
forced _tab**r*—
1 to I 11 to 11
Mies**, ss abet*, la
sizes 11 to > .....	
Child's Knee- Boots, 4 to It,
ST— $1.95
Get Tour Skates Sharpened Free by Bringing a Pair of Boots to Be Repaired
PIERRE PARIS, 51 Hastings West
Big Changes in
Russian Press
(Continued from pal* 1)
Anyon* knowing the whereabouts ot O. E. Ferguson, Is requested to notify headquarters, tl
Cordova St. W., Vancouver, B. C.
Drs. Dumas and
Laura Flynn
X-Ray and Electro-
16 Hastings Street East
Phone Ner. M1»L
Fellow Worker J. Cleary wae accidentally killed while working for
the Whalen Pulp and Paper Company at Quatslno. Will anyone
knowing anything about the whereabouts of this man's relatives
Please communicate with General
Headquarters, tl Cordova Street
West, Vpncouver, B. C.
Ban Diego, Calif,—"There Is altogether too much preaching of
these damnable doctrines of bol-
shevlsm, anarchy, communism and
socialism, ln this country today.
"If I had It ln my power I would
not only Imprison, but would expatriate all advocates of these
dangerous, un-American doctrines.
I would even execute every one of
them—and do lt Joyfully."
The speaker Is J. J. Tlgert,
national commissioner of education,
addressing the public school
teachers of Ban Diego. Tlgert wis
making an address on "Americanism," warning the local educators
against the Increasing tendency of
our publlo schools to delve Into
sociology and economics—all of
which led to radicalism, he uld.
(By the Federated Presa)
"Albany, N. T. —The average
weekly earnings of persons employ,
ed ln manufacturing Industries In
the State of New York Increased 17
cents a day In August over those In
July, according tj reports to the
State Department of Labor,
Then the department proceeded
to explain the figures, The higher
average earnings for the month are
accounted for in part by longor
working hours, and In part by the
fact that in some Industries the
higher paid employees have boen
retained, while the lower paid and
less skilled workers have been laid
As things now atand no encouragement is given th» establishment
of-oppositional papers. When tbe
revolution has passed the danger
point then tho utmost of freedom
for the press will be set up. But
that time ts not yet come; the
Russian revolution Is still fighting'
for its existence and cannot afford
to have an organized, poisonous
opposition gnawing at its vitals.
The present day Russian press lc
highly specialized. There are no
general newspapers according, to
our understanding of' the term.
Each publication represents some
particular institution and deals
principally with matters relating to
lt. Thus duplication is largely
avoided. The leading national
dallies are "Pravda" (Comuntst
Party); "Isvestia" (Central Executive Committee of the All~Russian
Soviets); -tiLabor" (Central Executive Committee of the All-Russian
Trade'Unions); "Economic Life"
(Supreme Economlo Council), are
circulated all over Russia. Besides
them there are dailies in the various larger cities and towns. Usually these are published by the
Communist Party, the local Soviet
and the Trade Unions, either separately or ln combination.
Sometimes large local labor
unions, as for instance the Baku OU
Workers, have dailies of their own.
The Transport Workers' National
Union, the largest labor organization in KuHsia, issues a, dally for Its
membership. The other national
trade unions have either weekly or
monthly publications. The various
national departments of the Oovernment also Issues Journals. In
many cases, too, the workers tn
large factories publish their own
bulletins. So far as I can learn
there ts no underground press. The
entire supply of paper being under
tho control of the Government,
practically makes outlaw papers
A Veteran
Many ot the Russian labor Journals are veterans tn the social
atruggle. The most battle-scarred
ls the Petrograd "Pravda." Recently, upon the ninth anniversary
of Us foundation, this paper published a atatement of Its early difficulties, from which the following
Is quoted: >
"During a period of two years
the 'Pravda' had to chnnge its
name eight times—'Pravda,* 'Ra
botchnya Pravda,' 'Severnuya Pravda,' 'Pravda Trada,' 'Za Pravda/
'Proletarskaya Pravda,' 'Putok
Pravda,' and 'Peredovaya Pravda.'
In the flrst year of its existence out
of 295 Issues of the 'Pravda,' 41
were confiscated, fines were Imposed 16 times, and the editor waa
arrested for three Issues without
ball. During its first two years, until April 6, 1914, of 646 issues of the
'Pravda,' 134 were confiscated, 31
people fined 14,450 rubles, with the
choice of being arrested and kept
for 87 montha, and besides thts the
editors were sentenced to nine
months Imprisonment without the
option of a flne. Thus, tn two years'
time, the editors served 96 months,
or eight years, ln Jail. All sorts of
hindrances were thrown In the
paper's way, Its circulation was
blocked, ths newsdealers were pro*
aecuted and forbidden to sell the
paper, the landlords were forced
to refuse quarters to the editorial
staff, eta On July 7, 1114, the last
'Pravda' of the period, the 'Peredovaya Pravda* was finally destroyed."
Means of Instruction
The Russians properly look upon
iho press aa the means for Instructing the people and they have consequently veated Its general supervision and control ls the Department of Education. Among Its
other functions this body ahares
out the meagre supply of paper-to
the various Journals In proportion
to their value and needa. It also
strives to develop them Into high
class educational organs. As a result, the sensational murder trials,
scandals and other trash that goea
so largely to make up American
newspapers flnd no place In the
Russian press. The latter confines
ltslcf to the more serious and Important phases of life. No paid advertising Is permitted,
Just now there Is a grave shortage of paper ln Russia. Tbls tends
to reduce the Journals ln alze, moat
of thorn being of only four pages.
Their contents are bolted down to
the tost degree. The papor shortage haa also cut their circulation to
a fraction of what lt should be.
Rigid economy Is exercised to make
the reduced number of papers go
as far as possible. A favorite device to this end in use of atl over
Russia Is to paste up copies of atl
the papors on the kiosks and other
public places, whore crowds stand
around alt day reading them. Likewise, Instead of oach worker getting
a separate copy, a number are sent
to the libraries In the factories
where all •mnlnved may read them.
Hawaiian Planters Wage
Big Fight to Secure
Cheap Labor
By George W. Wright
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
(Hawaiian Bureau)
Honolulu, T. H.—Charging that
the Hawaiian sugar planters are
taking advantage of the present low
price of sufcar and maintaining an
artificial labor shortage for the purpose of depressing the price of
sugar stocks and freezing out the
small stockholders, delegates to the
Honolulu Central Labor Council
have pointed out a new and sinister
angle In the flght waged by the
Emergency Commission of the admission of Chinese coolies into the
It is pointed out that the abandonment of large aoreagea and the
limitation of output has so reduced
the dividends on sugar stock that
many of the holders of small
blocks of stock are lotting go of
their holdings, which ore being
mysteriously absorbed. The publicity given to the efforts of the
planters to secure coolio labor from
China has had the same effect, for
the planters are loud In their assertions that the industry will be destroyed unless they^get a new supply
of labor.
It has been shown that there ts
plenty of labor available if living
wages were paid on the plantations, but thts the planters refuse
to do, preferring to let the cane
rot ln the fields rather than to harvest It under American conditions.
It appears as though the present
management were deliberately
wrecking the industry for speculative purposes.
The sugar industry, however, Is
sound, In spite of what the planters
say, and oven undor present conditions of price and available labor
lt could be made to pay if It were
reorganized on a basis of modern
industrial methods.
(By The Federated Press)
Paris, France.—Tho national executive of tho Clerks' Federation
has refused to reinstate the three
locals expelled for adherence to
the C. S. it., or Committee of Revolutionary Tradea Unionists who
seek affiliation with Moscow. The
Clerks' Federation warns other locals connected with It that since
the Lille congress decided against
affiliation with tho Red Trade Union International, any union remaining in relations with C. S. R.
will be liable to expulsion. The
Agricultural Laborers' Federation
has taken the same step, and has
ordered dissolution of 20 local
unions (out of a total of 10) for
their revolutionary polloy,
Would Control
Political Party
(Continued from pago 1)
will require to bo thoroughly dla-
cussed by every union, for upon tt
depends to a considerable extent,
the chances of success In tho
achievement of unity between the
Industrial -and political .wings,
which Is essential for the effective
mobilisation of Labor power ln
Australia in the great struggle that
la looming ahead.
Tho manifesto drc.ws attention to
the fact that "vaet changes ara taking place all over the world, that
the economic resources of the bulk
of the civilized world are ln the
melting pot, and that gigantic concentration of capital ls taking place
In every capitalist country. Never
has economio power been so powerfully centred in so few Individuals.
'Therefore the Industrial movoment of Australia can no longer remain quiescent and ' Indifferent
while the economic fabrics of the
world's greatest Labor centres are
torn to shreds; while, after twenty
millions of workers have perished
in Armageddon, a hundred million
of others, men, women and children, are forced by the predatory
employing class over the starvation
"All organizations havo decried
tho futility ot past methods whereby their Interests were always sidetracked. Bitter experience alone
has shown the absolute necessity
for the creation by the trade union
movement of a group representing
Its interests as a whole, which will
be able to dominate.alt bodies who
claim to represent the working class
and clearly formulate a revolutionary political and Industrial policy."
We maki Ladies' Chumentv
Bight Here ia Vaaeourer
—tho equal In stylo aad smart*
ness of any offered Im Oaaada.
-«.-. „__, Oss* etc.—the
IstMt styles tho ssurtest swtsls—la
-"  tke aav fli Hi   csf H4e llaaa
for you cfcoastas.
We offer tkeao g
elsewhere because ws  deal  direct—
eliminate tn Us middleman's pre**
Oloak ft Suit Ooi
MS HASTMOB BT., ¥ew Orsnyflfc
Vienna.—The elections te the
Soldiers' Councils In the Austrian
army show that 899 delegates
choseen to represent the troops In*
the councils, 351 are Socclal Democrats and the remaining 48 Com-
•munists. Other political groups
did not succeed In electing one
Though the power of the councils has undoubtedly waned since
1919, when they dictated the policy
of tho Vienna war ministry, they
still act as a check Upon the officer
caste and other monarchists.
Vancouver Unions
OOUNOIL—Preaident, R. W. Hatley;
secretary, J. G. Smith, --lleeta Srd Wednesday each month Is the Pendsr HaU,
corner of Pender end Bows streets.
Phone  Sey.  291.
oil—Meets    second    Honday   ia    lhi
month.    Preildent,  J.  R.  White;  socrt-
Ury, B. H. Neelands, P. O. Box 6*.
ae«d brieklayera or masona for boiler
works,   etc.,   or   marble   setters,   phona
Bricklayers' Onion, Labor Temple.
SERVICE men meets second snd
fonrth Wednesdays of eaeh month, at 61
Cordova St W., at f pa Jaa. Farnhan,
In spits of the severs shortage of
paper, however, some of the Journals havo a large circulation. The
national "Pravda" has 800,000
dally; tho "Isvestia" 860,000, while
"Poverty" Is credited with 700,000.
Even In these revolutionary times
tho workers permit great freedom
for the expression of hostile opinion ln their press. They draw a
sharp distinction between the honest, constructive criticism of thoir
own Journals and the destructive
propaganda of tho counter revolutionary presa. Indeed, so startling-
ly frank are the various papers in
criticizing the new order, that they
have even been accused of overdoing the thing; of painting the evila
too black, so that the workers
would be frlghtenod into taking the
proper corrective measure.
Counter revolutionary writers depend upon the workers' own papera
for at least 90 per cent, of the statistical and critical material which
they use against Russia. Care Is
taken by these papers, howover,
to see that tho liberty they present
is not abused. During the recent
Polish war a prominent editor, departing from the International
point of view of the Communists,
wrote an article attempting to stir
up nationalistic hatred against tho
Polish people. Within an hour
after his paper appeared he had
lost his Job.
The Russian workers are keenly
awaro that the success of the revolution will depend vory largely
upon tho extent and utility of their
press. They know that at present
their means for reaching tho minds
of the peoplo by tho printed word
are very imperfect, and thoy are
doing everything possible to Improve them. All things considered,
It la safe to aay that within a few
yoars, when the paper shortage has
beon overcome and tho general economlo crisis eased, the workers of
Russia will have a system of newspapers, which, for general excellence, wlU be uneaualed anywhoro.
O. B. U.—President, H. Grand; secre
tary, O. O. Miller. MeaU 2nd and 4th
Wedneaday In eaeh month la Peader Hall,
corner of Pender sad Howe Streets.
Phone  Seymonr 291.	
Association, aLoesl 88-62—OSes ud
hall, 169 Cordova St. W. MeeU Irat
and thirl Fridays, 9 p.m. Beeretenr-
treainrer, T. Nixon; bulnete agent, P.
UNION Of CANADA—An Industrial union of all workers in logging and cone traction camps. Coait Die-
trict and General Headauarters, 81 Cordova St. W., Veneoavar, B. C. Phone Bey.
7860. J, M. Clarke, general sucrftery.
treasurer; legal idvliers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald A Co., Vancouver, B. C; auditors, Meairs. Buttar * Chiene, Vsneea-
ver, B. O,
says Dr. Maya, le the greatest
thing tbat has corns late Ua Ufa ef
tha present.
la 0b__,. af Demi. _a*i___t_*L
It*.. 15.1 *U___r_ Bank
Pk.UK   far. CM.   HKk. tlttL
Te Introduce the TJLTBA
to demonstrate Its marveUous
effects la most aU cases ef disease,
wt will include it lo aw ragnlsr
coins ef treatment
4ad li a f-rt-er ladaoeawt te tta
te teat eor statements, we wUL
daring ths months of October im
November, gife tht eaUra coarse ol
greatly lednced rates. As ws hsve
the bost equipped sanltsrina, ud
tba only oea or Its Und on the
Padflo Ooast, it will pey yta ta
BarrlBten, Solicltofo, Notarko
Telephone Sey. 2401
Bans Block, 10 Hostiaco St W.
Vancouver, B. a
B. C-—Formerly Firemea and Oilere'
Union of British CoIuidMb— Meoting
night, flrst and third Wednesday of each
month at 10B Main Street. Preildent,
Dan (.nrlin; vico-prenident, J. Whiting;
soontary-treasurer, W, Donnldaon. Ad-
dreis, 108 Main Street, Vancourer, B. O.
Victoria Branch Agent's addreu, W.
Francis, 667 Johnson St., Victoria, B. O.
—Affiliated with Trades and Labor Council and Theatrical Federation, Vanconver.
President, J. R. Foster; secretary and
treasurer, Lucks Icy Clark, P. O. Box 346.
Office and meeting room, 810 London
Building, Pender Ht. W. Regular meeting nigbt, ant Sunday In each month at
7:30 p.m. Business Agent, W. Wool*
ridge.    Phone Fraser 2371.
rstora and Papemangera of America,
Local 138, Vancouver—Meets 2nd and
4th Thursdays at 148 Cordova St. W.
Phone Sey, 8491. Bnslnoss agent, R. A.
en Bridgemen, D<-rr!ckmen and Riggers
of Vancoutor and rlclnlty. Mfti erery
Monday, 8 p.m., In O. B. U. Hall. 804
Pendor St. W. President, W. Tucker;
flnanolal aecreUry and buslncsa agont, O.
Andorsom^^houe Seymour 291.
New Westminster, meeU ovory first and
third Friday in the Labor Temple, Royal
Avonue and 7th Stroet. EnRineers supplied. Address Secretary, 1040 Hamilton Stront. New Westminster, B. 0.
Phono fioTV-.
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. O. F. Hsll, Mount Pleaiar'
1st and Srd Mondays at 10.16 a.m. and
p.m. President, F. A. Hoorer, 2409 Clarke
Drlre; record! ng-ic ere tary, F. E. Griffin.
447—6lh Avenue East; treasurer, E. S.
Cleveland; flnanelalsccrctary and business agent,  W.  H.  Cottrell,  4301  Dum-
Guaranteed Coal
If onr coal ia not MtU-
factory to yon, after yon
hav* thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
coal ia left and charge yon
nothing for what you have
Ton to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 ud 401
fries Street; office corner Prior and Mela
Sts.   Phone Fair 3604R.
MeeU lsst Sunday of each month nt
I p.m. Pm.i-lr.i-, 0. H. Collier; vice-
president, R. H. Qoufh; secretary
treasurer, R. H. Neelands, Bos 86.
It C, meets evory Tuesday erenlnc
at 8 p.m. In tbe 0. B, U. Hal), 804 Pen*
dor St. W.   Secretary, E, Horsburgh, Pen*
der Hall.	
of  the O.  II.  U. moots  on the   third
Wednesday of every  month.    Everybody
Provincial Unions
and Labor Council—Mt <te flrst aad
third Wednesdays, Knlgbtj of Pythlna
Hull, North Park Street, at 8 urn. Pnaldent, O. Siverts; vice-president, R. Elliott; secretary-treasurer, E. 8. Wood*
ward, P. O. Rox 802, Victoria, B. O.
Council, O. 11. U. Branches: Prlnee
Rupert District Fisheries Hoard, O.B.U.:
Metalliferous Miners' District Board,
0.1. i;. Secreary-treasurer, P. O, Boi
217, Princo Rupert PAGE FOUR
FRIDA*..... ■ UctO-.r 28. 1981',
Need a
HERE is your opportunity
to pick up one of these
"Dick guaranteed" garments
for next to nothing. There's
only a few of them left, the
balance of a big shipment of
Rubberized Tweeds and English Paramattas.
Real Wool Paramattas—they
defy the worst weather; with
or without belts, in olive Snd
green. A bargain at double
our selling price—
Scotch Tweed Coats, heavily
rubberized, pockets slash or
patch. Well tailored, too, with
set-in sleeves and convertible
collars. In greys, browns and
greens. A year ago $25. Now
'Your moneys worth or your money badk
Charges Against
Federationist Are Heard
(Continued trom page 1)
punishable with a maximum of 20
years' imprisonment; he therefore
Assumed, although the legislature
did not say so, that the offence was
An indictable one, and so gave the
accused the option to be tried
either by the magistrate or by a
higher court. The prosecutor expressed himself to the effect that it
was an indictable offence, and Mr.
Rubinowitz pressed the same view.
The magistrate held that an option
[was opened to the accused; and
thereupon Mr. Rubinowitz asked
for a preliminary hearing only.
After further brief preliminaries,
It was agreed that the two charges
ahould be taken together, as the
evidence was much the same In
both cases. That it will be somewhat voluminous, so far as the contents of the pamphlet in question
Are concerned (namely Lenin's
book on "Left Wing Communism,
an Infantile Disorder," was indicated by Mr. McKay's remark:
"The real meaning is, your worship,
that you will have a little reading
to do," which gave rise to aome
At this itage Mr. Rubinowitz
atated that he had been furnished
by the city prosecutor with particulars of the pamphlet which the
prosecution complained of, as , requested by him, and he wished lt to
be recorded that the passages in the
pamphlet which were complained
of -were the passages marked In
his copy, so that his position
would be strengthened In the event
of it being necessary for him to
make a further application for particulars from the Crown Prosecutor
In the higher court, so as to have
the Crown in the higher court set
out specifically the parts of the
pamphlet upon which it relies for
Its case.
Detective Denning of the city detective department, was called to
five evidence, and, after being
■worn, stated that, upon receiving
Instructions to do so, ho went to
the office of the B. C. Federationist on August 31 and purchased a
copy of the pamphlet. The witness
produced the pamphlet an.d also a
portion of a copy of the B. C. Federationist published on July 29 In
which appeared an advertisement
relating to the pamphlet. Both of
these were put in as exhibits.
Mr.   McKay,   referring   to   the
"You purchased this copy?"
Mr, McKay—Who sold it to you?
Wltness-r-Mr, Wells.
Another Issue of the Federation-
let of later date was also produced
by the witness as having been purchased by him.   The witness, In reply to Mr. McKay, stated that he
■ had bought such newspaper upon
receiving further Instructions to do
eo from Mr.  McKay.    This copy
Also was put in to prove that  Mr.
Wells was the manager, etc.
Mr. Rubinowitz then stated: "I
admit that Mr. Wells Is the manager of the B. C. Federationist."
Mr. McKay—And that it Is an incorporated company?
Mr. Rubinowitz—Yes.
This evidence of Detective Denning, together with the copy of the
"Left Wing Communism, an Infantile Disorder," and the Issues of the
Federatlonist referred to, constituted the whole of the case presented for the prosecution.
Mr, Rubinowitz stated he had no
questions to ask the witness. This
thereupon closed the case presented
before Magistrate Shaw.
Mr. Rubinowitz, addressing the
Magistrate, said:— "I think, Your
Worship, that I am Justified in asking that these charges against Mr.
Wells and the federatlonist be dismissed."
Magistrate Shaw:— "It will be
necessary, before I can appreciate
your argument, for me to read
the pamphlet, and It will probably
make some Sunday reading for me;
and the case had better be adjourned, say, until next Monday."
Counsel for the defendants concurred that it would be better to
develop his argument after the
Magistrate had examined the contents of the pamphlet.
Mr. McKay:— "So far as I am
concerned, there is no particular
hurry. I got my Instructions from
Ottawa, and I have done my duty."
It was agreed then, that the Magistrate take the necessary time to
peruse the pamphlet; and the
charges were remanded until next
Monday morning, when the Magistrate will announce whether the
case has been made out strong enough to send It to a higher Court
for decision.
The proceedings, though brief,
were followed wltluclose- Interest
by those present ln Court, the case
having excited much interest ln
labor and socialist cercles as one
of the rare instances of prosecution
arising out of the publishing of
socialist propaganda In this country, and the first of Its kind In this
province. It follows rather closely
upon the trials of Winnipeg, and
belongs to a similar class of
offences allegedly committed
against the state.
Counsel for Sacco and
Vanzetti Thinks It
Will Not Help
(By The Federated Press)
Boston.—Commencing on the
bomb explosion at the home of
Ambassador Merrick in Paris, Fred
H. Moore, counsel for Sacco and I
Vanzetti, said:
"I deprecate and am severely critical of any such action. I fear lt
will engender so much Ul will
against Sacco and Vanzettl that It
will be impossible for the responsible authorities to review the
review the record of their conviction with a fair, dispassionate and
unprejudiced mind. I cannot conceive how any sane person sincerely interested In obtaining ultimate
Justice for these men could hope
that this violent course could be of
benefit to them.
"Whatever may have happened
in Paris and whoever may have
committed this outrage, Sacco and
Vanzetti wait in their prisons helpless factors in the struggle."
(By The Federated Press)
Washington.—In perparatlon for
Its propaganda drive In the United
States ln connection with diplomatic conference on Far Eastern
affairs and on limitation of armaments, the Japanese Foreign Office
has opened a special bureau here,
manned by Americans In its service. At the head of the bureau
is a recent Associated Press correspondent, said to be getting $12,-
000 a year as an expert. A novelist,
several ordinary publicity men and
an advertising engineer are Included in the personnel of this
oragnizatlon. It is housed in a big
residence on Sixteenth near &'
Street, a locality central to the various embassies.
Cat out the above, fill in the amount you are willing to
give to' the defense of The FederationiBt, and forward it
along with your contribution to the B. 0. Federationist)
Ltd., 342 Fender Street West, Vancouver, B. C. The money
will be needed if adequate defense of the paper is to be
W. P. Black      2.00
C. Chafles      2.00
G. Palmer       2.00
Move Is Made to Create a
Real Fighting
Previously acknowledged ....$158.94
A. M. Lambert  2.00
A. R. Sinclair   1.00
B. Walker   1.00
d.  Bridges   1.00
J. Hlnsley   1.00
R. Brooks   1.00
T. Weatherup   1.00
J. Mitchell _ 1.00
O. Carlson  1.00
W. Carnegie  ;.. 1.00
W. Bate   1.00
A Friend   1.00
H. Opplkoffor  1.00
L. Nleml.
T. Olson	
F. Claeson —
Mr. Eddlson
H. Treacher
W. Smith   6.00
T. B. MHeB   1.00
J. Fisher  1.00
C. Martin ..:  1.00
H. Hewitt  1.00
A. Slave  100
R. Reld  '60
Mr. Mclnnes  2.00
W. G. Anderson   1.00
W. Mackle ..  1.00
G. Vanderdassen   1.00
Correctlon-J-J 1.00 credited to
John Turner last week should have
been credited to John Farmer.
"The Truth Shall Make You Free"
STUDIES  IN EVOLUTION  GON-f    The fact Is that the fundamental
Proceeds for the Fed. Defense
Every Monday evening at 8, beginning October 31. In the.Pender
Hall, corner Pender and Howe
LaBt winter a course of* studies
"Prom Protoplasm to Bolshevism"
attracted large audiences for 16
consecutive evenings.
ThlB season-the course will be enlarged and Improved and the latest
authorities presented.
Much of the confusion among the
workers and Labor propagandists
arise from want of understanding
of the basic principles of man and
his environments.
For obvious reasons Science is
controlled by the master-class and
their professors, while the brain of
the masses, through schools, pulpit
and press Ts fed mainly on religious
and political superstitions.
principles of evolution, of astronomy, biology, at the same time form
the basis of sociology and the intellectual foundation of the revolutionary labor movement. Not
science for proflt nor for "Science
sake" but for humanity's sake is
now demanded.
Wo have arrived at the climax of
the class strugglo and understanding can alone save thc race.
Next Monday evening the special
subject will be a comparison of
idealism and materialism, the theological and scientific interpretation
of nature.
''The True Basis of Understanding."
This subject will be explained In
plain language and when practical
the subjects will be Illustrated with
lantern slides.
Questions and discussions will
follow each address as usual.
Collection to aid the Fed. ln Its
flght for the publication of facts
regarding our social problems.
Constitution Is  Drafted
and Is Now Before
Rank and File
New York.—Plans for the amalgamation of all the independent
textile unions of the country Into
one great',defensive alliance-to. be
known as the Federated Textile
Unions of America were annonuced
at the headquarters of the Amalgamated Textile Workors of America.
The new federation, it waa said,
would bo formed along the lines of
the "one big union" idea and represent approximately 150,000 textile
wago-eaEners. The eight major
associations of textile workers not
affiliated with the United Textile
Workers—the American Federation of Labor Union—and a number of smaller organ iaztions, are
expected to be federated under the
Representatives of the interested
labor organizations recently held a
conference ln this city and approved the new co-operative action
plan, which was Initiated by the
Amalgamated Textile Workers. A
constitution was drafted and ls now
being submitted to the membership
of thc unions for their approval by
referendum vote.
. The American Federation of Tex*
tile Operatives, the second largest
Independent union' of textile workers in the country, with a membership of more than 20,000, already
has approved of the organization
of the new alliance, as well as the
Tapestry Carpet Workers. The
membership of the Amalgamated
Textile Workers, the largest independent organization, representing
about 00,000 workers, was the Ilrst
to give approval to the constitution,
Other textile unions balloting on
the amalgamation plan are tho Amalgamated Lace Operators of America, Body Brussfll (Carpet)
Weavers, American Federation of
Full Fashioned Hosiery Workers,
Associated Silk .Workers of Paterson, N. J., International Spinners
Union, the National Association of
Loomflxers and the Mechanical
Workers of Cohoos, N. Y., and tho
Amulet Association bf Jack Spinners of Cohoes and vicinity.
Tho referendum vote is expected
to be completed within a few weeks
and a committee consisting of one
representative of .each union, will
hold a conference in New York on
December 3 to formally organize
the federation.
"We have proposed the new amalgamation in order to put a solid
front to tho. employers," sold
Russell Palmer.'actlng general secretary of the Amalgamated Textile
Workers. "We believe in radical
or progressive unionism and hope
by tho formation of one big union
organization to be in a better position to combat the open ahop, fight
wage reductions and better the conditions of the workers In the textile
industry.—Voice of Labor.
World News in Brief Paragraphs
With exclusive features tlmt eim-nntco perfect Bt tnd lasting
d> 1 C A A—l°-ln. top, full)' caulked,   Order your pair today,
«P 1 OeUU       Scna Your Repairs by Mall
The "New Method" Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
837 OAKHAM. STREET—Juat A Step from Hastings
AH O, B. V. Help Phone Sey. 8317
The educational committee of the
Junior Labor League, which committee has the programme ln hand
for uext Friday evening's meeting,
Is preparing to have the nieeting
turn Its attention to the discussion
of "current toplcB." This should
be an interesting meeting for young
people and a good attendance of
members and friends Is anticipated. "Members and friends" Is
a much-used phrase, but If there
are any "enemies" of the J.L.L.'s
alms wishing to attend, they will
also be made welcome. The meeting will be held at 929 Eleventh
Avonue East, at 8 p.m., Friday, November 4.
The Spartacans (J.L.L.) were the
victors in their match with the
Mount Pleasant Methodists last
Saturday, the score being 4 to nil.
Tomorrow they play the Chinese
Presbyterians at Cambie Street at
1:30 p.m.
The league will meet tonight,
Friday, Oct, 29, at the club rooms,
62 Dufferln Street West, at 8
o'clock. The nomination of officers
for the coming year will take place
at this meeting, and the election
will be held at tho November business meoting.
The economic class will meet on
Sunday afternoon, 8 p.m., at the
F. L. P. Hall, 148 Cordova Streot
West. For information regarding
the league, phone Fair. 8023L or
Fair. 1610.
Son Diego, Calif.—Hundreds ofl
ponnlless worltevs lured here by advertisements of "high wages and
open shop conditions" are fbrced to
.depend on charity after arriving
here. Many being arrested as vagrants daily for sleeping In public
Windom, Minn.—With corn at 25
cents a bushel, the city of Windom
will use it for fuel at the municipal
power plant, it was declared, Many
farmers have announced an intention to burn corn Instead of coal
this winter.
(By the Federated Press)
New York—The Dock Workers'
strike here has practically como to
an end. Most of the longshoremen
who went on an "unauthorized"
walkout have returned to work, according to thetr leaders. Officials
of the International Longshoremen's Association, took a hand In
the strike nnd threatened to revoke
the charters of the locals concerned
If they refused to return.
Wichita, KanB.-- The Wichita
Trades and Labor Assembly has
gone on record in endorsement of
the stand taken by Alexander
Howat and tn repudiation of the
action of John L. Lewis, head of
the United Mine Workers of
America. The Assembly voted to
■end a condemnatory letter to
Lewis and a letter of sympathy to
Howat, following which a fund
for the striking miners was sub-
Honolulu, T. H.—Declaring that
It ls the duty of women to assist
In every way possible In the work
of the unions, the women of this
city have organized a League of
Union Women having for its object
the closer association of all. wage
workers along both social and economic lines. It is their Intention to
bring Into closer personal touch the
members of the different organizations through the medium of? social
and educational gatherings, And to
develop the co-operative . spirit
among the various groups ln an
attempt to force a reduction In
the abnormally high cost of living
In the territory.
They are prepared lf necessary
to boycott all local dealers and pur
chase their supplies from mall or
der houses ln the States until such
time as the merchants at home
adjust prices.
(By the Federated Press)
New York.—A writ of mandamus will be sought by the Workers'
League to. compel the Board of
Elections to place on the municipal
ballot the names of Benjamin Git-
low and Harry Winitsky, candidates respectively for Mayor and
President of the Board of Aldermen, The Workers League ls a
Communist organization and the
names of Gltlow and Winitsky
were ruled off the ballot because
they were convicted under the
New York anti-anarchy law.
The League will contend that
the Elections Board placed an unjustified construction on the law,
which provides that an ofllce holder must be a citizen of the United
at_ioM at the time he Is chiw. tnr
office. Gltlow and Winitsky, It is
aserted, art merely office seekers
for office and Micrctoro not excluded by the law in question.
Contemptible Political
trickery Uncovered
in East Kootenay
(Continued from page 1)
lutely untrue. Another brands the
circular as a black infamy, and
states that it is the work of Liberal supporters. Others communicated with aro just as strong in
tlieir denunciation of the circular
and those responsible for it.
No worker with any understanding could possibly vote for a sup^
porter of the present regime, but
to think that workers could lend
their aid to the Liberal Pnrty to
bring about Its deefeat is also unthinkable. Brands do not matter,
It Is what political parties stand for
that counts, and both the present
government and the Liberal opposition, stand for the perpetuation
bf the present system. That they
are both aliko In thoir views of
political morality, can be proven by
tlio election tactics of the government in tho election In 1917,
and the tactics of the Liberal Party
heelers In the East Kootenay riding, on this occasion, where to secure the election of the Liberal
candidate, they will attempt to
brand workers as traitors to the
class to whtch they bolong. The
experience of the workers in this
and other elections should at least
bring them to a realization that to
vote for either of the old parties Ib
to vote against themselves. A vote
for a Liberal or government candidate ls an endorsatlon of the rotten politicians of the two wings of
the ruling class and a vote for the
continuation of human slavery. A
vote for a working class candidate
is a vote against their rotten ethlca,
and a protest against the continued
exploitation of the workers.
Thia latest example of political
skulduggery and nauseating rottenness, is not only a scheme conceived in the minds of people whose
minds are as rotten and corrupt as
their deeds, Is an effort to offset
any attempt of the workers to elect
a working class candidate. It Is
up to the wago earners ln the East
Kootenay riding to see to tt that
the schemes of the slimy politicians
of both wings of the ruling clasa
are fruitless, and that a workers'
representative will be elected to
carry on an educational campaign
which will place ruling class politicians ln a right light and compel
workers who bo far descend ln the
slime of ruling olaas politics to ftp-
near In their- true eolora.
Leckies Will Only Negotiate on Open Shop
The strike of Boot and Shoe
WorkerB at Lcckie'a factory is still
on. The union stamp was removed
from the factory on account of the
Leckie firm refusing to arbitrate
the question at issue, and previous
to the strike, arbitrarily reduced
the wages of 25 per cent, of the
factory help, leaving no other
course opon to the union than to
remove tho stamp from their factory, after they had violated their
end of the agreement with the
factory help.
In a circular addressed to each
of the employees, dated Oct. 12,
they now state that no "self-respecting" firm could accept the conditions laid down by the union,
viz., that the employer agrees to
hire only mombers of the Boot &
Shoemakers Union, or those willing
to become members.
In view of the fact that the firm
has assumed the position that negotiations could only be carried on
under an open Bhop understanding,
and showed at all times during the
negotiations prior to the strike,
that lt waa not intended to negotiate with the union as such, but
with the employees In the factory
atone, the self-respecting union
men and women have refused to
surrender their former position,
and to submit to an open shop
In spite of the "offer" of the Arm
tff allow a "works council" to deal
with all matters of dispute In the
factory, If they would return to
work, the strikers are standing pat
and production Is slowed down by
their absence from work, and the
union label Is not used by the few
who are now working and produc;
ing boots and shoes.
Men's Working
The Greb Shoe, black or brown, good comfortable fitting last. Guaranteed C_t_ QC
The Men's and Boys' Shoe Specialists.
At $27.50
Saturday and Monday we are telling a big range of
Overcoats, at the exceedingly low price of $27,60. The
lot includes Ulsters, Belted Styles, Chesterfields and
Raglans, tailored from medium and heavy tweeds; grey
and black meltons, eto.
DV   Hf\f\V I Tn   137 Hastin8» Btreet W
• IV* DUUIV. LIU.      Vancouver; B. C.
Where ls the Union Button?
Watchmaker and Jeweler
1 years with Henry Birks te
(S years Montreal Store)
_ yearB Highest Paid Watch-
aker Vancouver Store
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Organizations  Are  Not
Business Unions, But
Fighting Units
By Ralph Winstcad
(For The Federated Press)
Chicago.—Francesco Aio, veteran of tho Italian labor movement,
member of the Federaaione Del
Lavoratort Delia Terra (land
workers) and active participant ln
the occupation of the land by the
Sicilian peasants In 1919 ln the
Province of Catania, appeared here
recently with fresh "news from Italy.
"What about the 'open shop' ln
Italy?" I asked. "Is there a flght
on there, too?"
In Italy," he answered thoughtfully, "such a flght cannot come.
Thc reason lies In the nature of the
unions, in the minds of-the workers, in twhat you would call
their pep, their spirit. In Italy
there Is no such thing as a contract between the unions and the
employers. They have agreements,
yes. .But no contracts. The employers agree to give conditions of certain sorts if the workera agree to
work, but at any time that there
ls a disagreement then there ts
labor trouble until again the workers agree to work or the bosses
agree to demands.
"The Italian unions are not as
you say business unions. They are
lighting unions. That Is why there
are no 'open Bhop' fights there."
"How do the workers manage to
keep their militant members on the
job? How do they keep the selfish
minded unorganized workers from
taking away the conditions that the
organized union men have fought
for?"   I asked.
"Ah! That is easy for you to see.
In Italy the workers are not bo diverse like In the wide stretches of
America. In one section of Italy as
ln another we have tho same big
groups of organized militant workers. There Is no section where
strikebreakers can be drawn from
like the Baldwin-Felts thugs of
West Virginia who -are ready to
swoop down on any section at will.
Thero are no private gunmen of
that sort ln Italy. Such a job would
be very uncomfortable.
"When the Italian goes to work
for the employer he is not discriminated against by his fellow worker if he does not yet belong to the
union. If he belongs to no union
whatever he ls requested to join at
once. If he refuses and shows himself to be what you call selfish
minded, he Is soon to feel sorry.
The employer will not discharge
him. His fellow workers will sec
to him. In his work ho will not
get along. He win prove to be very
unprofitable to his employer and
his private life may be very irregular. Aht -In Italy the selfish minded worker does not parade his
selfishness. No. He joins the
He smiled merrily, then continued, "The question of an 'open
shop' or a 'closed shop1 does not
seem very important ln Italy. There
ls no flght over such matters. There
the fight Is very hot over other
things such as wages, hours and
eonditlons of work. The workers
ever seek more. The employers do
not dream of taking away union
conditions. It would seem very
'quaint tat see* the employers of
Italy declare for the 'open shop.'
The shops are always open, so far
as the unions are concerned, to
workers who are not traitors to
their class. They may belong either
to the socialists' organization, the
Confederation of Labor, with its
two million members, or they may
belong to the Syndicalist Union of
Italy with Its 660,000 members.
"They do not flght each other for
Job control. No! That ls not possible. They argue much with each
other, but when It comes to fighting, tt ls the boss they fight. With
the other unions lt ls also the
aame.   One does not aid the em
ployer when An attack ls helnM
made on another union. No! Nor
In Italy they have no buslnesslfk-T
unions. They are all very unbusll
nesslike. They are fighting unions.'f
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of hoboes taken from passim
freight trains. The police are raid
ing trains and arresting as man:
as forty men at a.time. These job
less men arc to be put to work im
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