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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 11, 1921

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$2.50 PER YEAR
B. C. L R.
WouM Have Wages of
Street Railwaymen
Cut 15 Per Cent
Question of One-man Cars
Raised Before Con*
cilia tion Board
The conciliation board appointed
\ry tbo Department of Labor, at
tke request of the B. C Electric
Railway Company, which claims
that a reduction ln the cost of living warrants a reduction In the
wages of Its employees, commenced Its work on Tuesday morning.
Hr. W. G. Murrin, on behalf of
the company, informed the board
that the company was demanding
a decrease ln wages to the extent of
15 per cent. He also claimed that
the one-man car was a settled
factor, and it was now" only a matter of an ngreement with the men.
He askjd that the board deal with
the wages and conditions on the
one-man cars, but W, H. Cottrelf,
representing the men, objected to
tbls being done, stating that the
. government had not yet approved
of the one-man cars.
F. Hoover asked how wagea and
■onditlons could be fixed for men
on one-man cars, when the extent
and'nature of the equipment and
Safety appliances were an unknown
Quantity. It was Anally decided
that the matter would be left to a
later date. The board is still sit'
Ung, and the company is asking
that the matter be dealt with as
speedily as possible.
The board consists of Mr. W. C.
Dltmars, chairman; Mr. A. G. Mc-
Candless, representing the com
pany, and Mr. R. P. Pettipiece, representing the men. The represen
latlves of the company before the
board were Mr, Murrin and Mr.
William Savllle, general secretary
of the B. C. Blectric. The Interests
of the men were voiced by W. H,
Cottrell, business agent; Mr. F. A,
Hoover, president; F, E. Griffin,
Vancouver, representing New
WVtmlnster; F. Ray and T. But*
terfleld; A. Bayllbs and F. C. Wallace of Victoria.
City Council Says Unemployment Never as
Bad Before
We have- never been faced with
■Uch a situation before.' We have
hud to deal with individual cases
of distress, but nev_r with such
numbers as at present are unemployed, or words to that effect, wore
littered by members of tho North
Vancouver City Council on Tues.
day, when tho unemployed waited
on tbat body and requested that
work or relief be provided for the
Jobless workers of tho North Shore.
Prom tho above It will be seen
that the return of. prosperity predicted by man}' Interested people
haa been somewhat delayed, and
that Instead of things improving,
they are becoming worse.
The -unemployed wept to tho
City Council in a body, three mem
here being elected to speak for
them, and after the situation had
teen fully explained from the men's
view point, the council promised
that the matter would be considered at onco.
On Wednesday morning the unemployed were asked to see the
dty engineer, which they did. Thnt
official asked them many questions
auch as: "How long have you been
out of work? How much monoy
havo you got, and what wages havo
you been earning? At the close of
the Interview, the men were told
to re, ort at the barns on Thursday
morning, whloh they did, when
about a dozen were set to work at
41c per hour. It is understood that
they will be employed for one week
and another batch taken on at thc
conclusion of that timo,
A mass meeting ft the unemployed has been called for Sunday
afternoon. All unemployed workers are asked .to assemble at the
corner'of Lonsdale and Esplanade,
and proceed from that point In a
body to Larson's pavilion, which
has been loaned to the unemployed for their meetings. A good
ipeaker will address the gathering.
One dollar and fifty centa Is the
coet for a six months subscription
to the Federatlonist.
Unemployed  to  Discuss
Question of Becoming
The question of unemployment
again figured at the meeting of the
Council ot Workers on Tuesday
aight. The South-Vancouver delegates pointed out that all men must
take their turn on the register tn
that municipality, whether they be
returned soldiers or not, with the
exception of men with trucks and
tubercular wives,
This delegation also reported
tHat a member of the unemployed
organisation had been appointed to
go with Commissioner Oray to seo
the government at Victoria, and
lay the situation before it, with instructions to enlist the aid of Sam
Outhrle, H. Neelands and Tom Uphill.
The recommendations passed at
the last meeting dealing with the
organisation of'the unemployed will
be placed beforo tho mass meeting
to be held on Friday night, and
figures as to the cost of living will
also be submitted.
The secretary was instructed to
write to all Labor organizations requesting donations for a Christmas
tree and entertainment for the
children of the unemployed.
J. Kavanagh will be the speaker
at the meeting on Friday night, and
J. O. Smith will act as chairman.
Gen, Secretary Barbusse
Sends Greetings to Cana-
* dian Veterans
tbe Canadian National Union of
ex-Service Men has been admitted
to the International Union of ex-
Service Men. Tbis organization is
the.only ono ln this country which
has been granted membership in
this International, which is working
for the interests of the victims of
the Great War.
The fact that the Canadian organization has been admitted to
membership has been conveyed to
Secretary Farnham, in a letter written by Henri Barbusse, general
secretary of-the International, the
letter reads as follows:
Aument Par Sculls (Olse),
France le 21|1»|1921,
Monsieur Jas. Farnham,
'   Sec.  Canadian  Nat.  Union of
ex-Service Men,
61 Cordova Street West,
Vancouver, B. C.
My Dear Comrade: My comrades
and myself were very happy to receive your letter. I havo to excuse
myself for not answering it sooner;
but owing to tbe fact that I had to
attend the second congress of the
International of War Veterans In
Vienna, I did not have the necessary time.
We are glad to see that In that
vast territory whero you live, there
is being formed a phalanx of men
whose goodwill equals the consci^
ousness of the realities, and tbe
intelligence of the times. Just as
you express it In your letter with
such clear and nice brevity, there
ls no war against war other than
the one which consists of fighting
the capitalist causes of war; and
it becomes more and more Indispensable tbat the propaganda
against the militaristic scourge,
shall take the International form.
I, therefore, consider your organization one of us, and regret
that your expression of enlightened solidarity did not take place in
time for you to send a representative to our Congress ln Vienna. You
would have seen how far we understood how to givo our idealistic ob-
jtctive a positive and realistic sense,
and how much we are working in
practical reality to vindicate the
position of tbe survivors, and victims of the war.
You will shortly receive documents which will enable you to understand in detail the spirit, and
tendencies which lead our actions
in the realm of receiving material
benefits, and also how they may be
applied in case.of future war..
Fraternally to you and yours,
General Secretary.
Haynesville, La,—About a score
ot negroes were driven out of town
after they had been whipped by a
band of white men, headed by police authorities. The negroes were
termed  "undesirables."
The greatest assistance that the
readers of The Federatlonist can
render as at tills time, Is by securing a new subscriber. By doing so,
you -spread the news of the working class movement nnd assist us
A Mass Meeting
Unemployed Question
Speaker:   J. KAVANAGH.   Chairman:    3. G. Smith
Foreign   Powers   Want
China's Raw
Propaganda in Washington Indicate* Purpose
of Conference
(By Laurence Todd.)
(Federated Press Staff Corres- -
(Washington Bureau.)
Washington, — Propaganda Jn
favor of an. immediate alllanes between the United States and Great
Britain and Japan for control and
exploitation of China and the' Far
East Is now in full swing in the
national capital.
Some of the cleverest men in the
British service, diplomats, advisers, technical experts of various
kinds, are here to attempt to mold
public opinion in America to embrace the vast scheme of political
terrorism and economic conquest
which London, Tokyo and "WaU
Street propose.
Here, in skeleton, ls the argument, China is an economic peril
to the 'Western world, so long as
she moves towards" industrialization. Her people are the cheapest
of workers, ber raw materials are
boundless, and ■ she will undersell
and ruin all competitors. For their
own safety, foreign powers must
develop these raw materials for
their own profit, rather than drive
the Chinese to develop them for
Chinese traditions and the economic pressure upon the individual
Chinese do not permit of honesty
in the handling of public funds.
If China ls ever to have good
government the three great foreign
powers must join ln establishing
a strong central government, probably a monarchy, and must retain
a voto over alt expeenditures from
the Chinese treasury. In other
words,' China must be made a financial protectorate of the triple
alliance of her exploiters.
South China has*a government
made up of the younger generation
of educated Chinese—the men who
have been sent to school of Western thought. These men are hostile to the exploiting system imposed by Japan and Britain, and
are a discordant element. They
do not represent the true spirit of
ancient China, upon which her government should rest.-
Japan has a right to seize Shantung and Manchuria and, Siberia,
because her population must eat.
Russia has "withdrawn" from Siberia, and that region now offers
a fair outlet for Japanese migration nnd commercial nrid^polltlcal
^Continued on Pake 3)
Magistrate Sends Accused
Up to Higher
Court   v
The criminal charge against The
B. C, Federationist and its editor,
for publishing a pamphlet which
it is alleged advocates the use of
tofac, violence, terrorism or physical injurv to person or property
in order to bring^about a goven-
mental shange, was resumed before
Magistrate Shaw at the police court
on Saturday morning, and the ac*
cued were formally committed to
stand trial in the high court.
Thus wi're concluded the Initial
stages of the criminal prosecution
at the police court extending over
several weeks, and commencing
with the preferring of the charges
by the authorities, the carrying out
of the different preliminary formalities at the police court, the hearing of evldunco before the magistrate, the arrangements, in the High
C?urt for ball and the final committal.
His Worship, addressing Mr. A.
S, Wells, the accused, stated the
usual formula in such cases prior
to commitment', "Having heard the
evidence, do you wish to say anything in answer to the chargo. You
have nothing to hope for or fear
from anything held out to you or
by any confession of guilt, but
whatever you say may be given in
evidence against you upon your
trial, notwithstanding such promise
or threat,"
Counsel for the accused, Mr. I,
I. Rubinowitz, stated that the accused reserved his defence, and
thereupon the committal became
effective, making it necessary for
tho accused either to remain in
custody pending the _ trial in the
higher court, or to enter into bail
bonds, together with his bondsmen
to ensure his appearance to Bland
his trial, the latter course being
The criminal proceedings having
been launched, and having duly
passed through the police court,
the accused' stands committed for
trial at the next court of competent
jurisdiction, and such trial must,
tako place in due course either before a judge and jury at the assizes
or before a county court judge as
tho accused will determine.
This ends the first chapter in a
criminal prosecution which has
provoked lively interest in Labor
circles representing an Important
phase in the working class movement locally.
«**«««       «««*««.     ******        »»*.***
If so, Send in a New Subscription
POLITICIANS with campaign funds to burn, and desirous of getting their sophistries before the workers,
are spending muoh money in advertising. The Federationist oould fill its pages, with ruUngfolass views and misrepresentations and receive payment for publishing sueh
matter, if money was the object of the paper. Contracts
for large sums have already been turned down owing to
the decision of the directors, who have decided that no
ruling-class politieal advertisements will be accepted for
publication in the Federationist.
Whether this policy will be to the interests of the paper
as a business proposition will depend on the amount of
appreciation shown by the workers in extending their
support to the paper and Its policy. Subscriptions will determine just how.much ihe rank and flle appreciate this
policy. If finances are Obtainable from the workers the
finanoial position of the company is assured. If, however,
there is indifference and apathy, then the struggle to keep
a working class paper with a dear policy in the field will
be great. Never in the history of the working class movement in this country wai clarity more necessary. Never
was the labor press of more import than at this time, and
all tbe support that the" workers can give will not be
any too much in the 'days to come when the class
struggle becomes more intense.
We need more readers. We need tbem to ensure our
financial position, aad mo_»_ than anything else'we need
more subscribers so that the work of working class education can be carried on over as wide a field as possible.
Every new reader mean, additional strength to the working class movement. Every new subscription makes it
easier to carry the financial obligations. If the workers
approve of the policy of refusing grist from the old line
politicians, they can only showit by sending in new subscriptions and by so doing aid the directors in the Work
of carrying on working 6l—s education ,	
Radek Discusses Franco*
(_erman Agreement
Moscow, Oct. 18,—Radek writes
in Pravda over the Franco-German'
agreement: "This affreement ls an
Important fact of International poll-
tics and clears the International
economic situation, nevertheless
Germany places too great hopes
upon lt while France seeks to
frighten England with lt. To healthy human intelligence it seems
self-evident that. France .. should
have every Intorest In restoring
Northern France as soon as possible, but the French capitalists
thought different. For them the'
most important .was profit, and
with arguments of'national economy they sought to prevent the participation of Germany In the re.
construction. France's power has,
however, shown Itsolf to be top
weak, and German help had to be
accepted. In spite of tho faet that
the agreement contains many unfavorable points the German capitalists are quite satisfied, for they
receive huge orders. The economic alleviations for-Gcrmany which
are entailed, has led to a corresponding deterioration in the German household for tho German
note press must now print oije
hundred milliard gold marks to
pay tho German manufacturers.
This question has also an international side. When these sevon milliard gold marks are placed upon
the account of Germany's total obligations, quite Independently of
the Entente to whom Germany Is
under obligations.
From this a great dear of friction will arise in the Entente. The
hopes of tho German press for new1
success In this France-German pol-'
icy are naturally nonsense, for
against a policy of understanding
between France and Germany
which would do much to strengthen Germany the Fronch military
circles would protest. Tho further
development of Germany depends
upon which group wins in the cabinet, that Is, the French policy at
Wlrth nnd Rathenau, or tho English policy ot Stlnnes and Strega-
mann.—Rosta Wlen.
Kansas City, Kan.—Local NB.
278 of tho International Associat
tion of Machinists, located here,
has decided to appeal to William
H. Johnston, president, for a refer,
endum among Kansas machinist*
calling for a strike in sympatljy
with the Howat forces on strike.
The local has also voted a 1100
monthly fund to the miners until
Howat. is released.
Mahrisch-Ostrau, October 18.-r-
The railway workers In Oderfuijt
have collected 85,890 crowns for'
the Russian relief fund. .
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Many Meetings Are Ar-
Arranged for Socialist Candidate
With active committees working
^n. every part of the Nanaimo Fed'
eral constituency, the chances of
-W. A, Pritchard being elected are
bright. During the paat week-end
four . meetings were held, ono at
Victoria for the benefit of Esquimau, Saanich and Oak Bay residents, who will vote lnu this constituency, one at Ladysmith, another at Chase River, and still another at Nanalmo. W. A. Prltch
nrd spoke at the first, while A. S.
Wells addressed the other three.
W. A., Pritchard gave a splendid
address at .Victoria on Sunday last,
in which, as usual, he outlined the
position of the working class, and
left no doubt In the minds of his
hearers as to where he stood. Good
crowds gathered at Ladysmith,
Chafte River and Nanaimo, where
the Marxian position was explained
and current events examined from
the viewpoint of the historical ma-
From this time to the end of the
oampalgn, the candidate and bis
supporters will be kept busy, as he
will speak at Royal Oak tonight,
and other meetings have been arranged es follows: Saturday, 12th,
Saanichton; Marigold, Monday, the
14th; Cednr Hill, Crossroads, on
tlio 15th, and Tlllicum school on
the 16th; Thursday, the 17th, there
will be- a meeting at Duncans, and
on the 19th, Ohemainus will lie invaded, after which Granby, Cedar
and Nanaimo will receive attention
on the 20th, and there will be a
nieeting on tbe 21st at Ladysmith,
another at South Wellington on
the 22nd; at Five Acres, N.inaimo
district on the 23rd; Extension on
the. 24th; EaBt Wellington on the
25th, and Gabrlola Island and Nanalmo on the 27th.
On Saturday next, the 12th, T,
O'Connor will speak at Ladysmith.
Tho-mme speaker will be at Chaso
River on Sunday afternoon, and at
Nanaimo in tho evening.
"The newspaper Is the plague or
black death of the modern world.
H Is nn open sewer running down
each side of the streot, and displaying the foulness of every day, day
by day, morning and evening.
Everything that having once happened has ceased to exist, the newspaper sets before you, beating the
bones of the burled without pity,
without shame, and without understanding. Its pride is that it Is
the.record of facts. But It tells you
no fact twice In the same way; for
it gorges its insatiable appetite
upon rumors. All the hypocrites
of the State, of the Church, of the
market place, cling together for
once in brotherly love, and speak
with unanimous voice.—Arthur
Symons, "Studies in Press ond
>■■>■■>■■».ii.i».it.nil|..«.l«.-«,»i>-i,n ,,+m i
Present for tho First Time In Vancouver, tlio Play
, In tbo Ukrainian language
SATURDAY,  NOVEMBER 12th, at 8 p.m.
FINNISH itALL, Clinton and  Pender Sts.
Admissiof-:  Gents, SOc; Ladies, 25c;
Dancing from 10 p.m.   Everybody oome and belp the starving
Will Ignore Judge Anderson's Threats and
Situation   Now
Overshadows Railroad
Question in U. S.
(By Lawrence Todd.)
(Federated  Press Staff Correspondent.)
(Washington Bureau.)
Washington.—Mother Jones, at
least, refuses to believe that the
leadership of the American labor
movement has abdicated in favor
of-Judge A. B. Anderson, of Indianapolis.
There may be officials in big
labor organizations who aro "cell-
shy," but this clear-eyed woman
of 92 years, known In every coal
camp on the continent for her
message of unionism and self-
respect 'and human sympathy, Js
not one of them. She wants to
see the jail, In West Virginia or
anywhere else, that can stop her
from advancing thc hopes of
American workers for a shore ln
"It wll be better to fill all the
Jails in all the States with members
of the United Mine Workors of
America," she mid, when news of
Judge Anderson's threat to prohibit union activities iii West Virginia reached her here, "than permit the destruction of the fundamentals of American government
by a judge who should have been
off the bench long ago.
"I shall not obey any such' injunction. I will go back to West
Virginia and keeep at the job of
organizing these men. I hope the
officials of the United Mine Workers will do .the same. For it is
the union, and not this Federal
Judge, tbat Is maintaining American government in West Virginia.
It Is the operators that are tearing
down the government.
"The miners of West Virginia
have a right to organize In order
that their children may be nourished and brought up decently.
They have a right to organize for
Justice. The union In the coal
fields of West Virginia will not
die. We are not fighting against
the government, but for the protection of . the government. We
are its foundation. When we refuse to be enslaved, under any pretext, we are upholding American
government. If we were willing to
permit the women**and children of
these mining districts to be robbed
of their small share of opportunity
In life by the whim of a. judge
who disregards whnt America
stands for,* then wo should be fit
for slavery.
(Continued on page 8)
J.  Kavanagh Addressed
Large Audience Last
1 The Royal theatre was again well
filled last Sunday night to hear the
address of J. Kavanagh, the candidate of the Socialist Party of
Canada for the South Vancouver
In the course of his remarks, the
speaker dealt with local and Dominion affairs in an interesting
manner. His allusion to the holiday on-Nov. 7 as being not only
Thanksgiving Day, but also the
fourth anniversary of thc proletarian revolution in Russia, was
greeted with a fine burst of applauae. In his examination of the
economic breakdown, which is
rapidly becoming worldwide, tho
speuker showed how Impossible it
was for the schemes now being discussed and prepared by the ruling
class, to bring either temporary or
permanent relief to the workers.
The keen satisfaction shown by the
big audiences at the close of the
address, was welcome evidence of
tho mental awakening that is taking place among tho working class
of Vancouver, and speaks well for
the success of the Federal election
The speaker next week at the
Royal theatre will be J. Harrington,
Tonight, Friday, J. D. Harrington
will speak at Lynn Valley; on Saturday at K. P. Hall, North Vancouver, Next Tuesday, Nov. 15, he
will fipeak In tho Finnish Hall,
Clinton and Pender streets, and on
Friday, 18th, he will speak at the
Chamber of Commerce, 1029 Commercial Drive, Grandview. All
meetings will commence at 8 p.m.
Independence, Cal.—After spending four months in the county jail
at Independence .upon a charge of
criminal syndicalism. C. W. Witter,
of Bishop, was ordered released
upon the grounds of illegal seizure
of evidence in securing the Indictment; William B. Cleary, of San
Francisco defended Witter, and argued the point of illegal seizure.
It Is the first case oLany member
of the I. W. W. In thcT.tate of California to be released upon the
grounds of Illegal seizure of evidence. In most cuecs of the mem-
iJers of the I, W. W. convicted ln
thts state, evidence Introduced was
Illegally seized and allowed into thc
records. It Is believed that thin
decision will have a direct bearing
upon all future criminal syndicalism oases.
C.N.U.X. Appoints Committee to Visit Okalla
and Investigate
At a regular business meeting of
the C. Nt U. X. held Wednesday.
Nov. •, lt waa decided to appoint a
committee to investigate the disposition of the canteen funds. This
fund amounts to somewhere in the
neighborhood of two million dollars, and ln the opinion of the members present, a large amount of
this money would be used by reactionary soldier organisations for
the purpose of bolstering up these
organizations, and in this way deprive ex-soldiers e^id their dependents of a share of this large sum.
It was reported by a comrade
that the prison at Okalla was full,
and that a large number of ex-service men are at present being held
there for vagrancy, A committee
was appointed to visit Okalla on
Sunday next to Investigate this report
The S. P. C. has granted the use
of their haU for a smoker to be
held .Monday, Nov, 21. A good
concert I programme has been arranged. Watch for announcement
in The Federatlonist next week.
The organisation will hold* an
open forum the flrst and third Wednesday of each month at headquarters, 61 Cordova street west. The
speaker and subject will be advertised ln The Federatlonist.
U. S. Workers See Danger
in Judge Anderson's
(By the Federated Press)
(New York Bureau)
New York—Officials here of International labor unions, as well as
Industrial and labor legislation
speclillsts, declare the Injunction
issued by Federal Judge Anderson
In Indianapolis against the "checkoff" system in tbe coal mines should
be resisted to the limit, regardless
of the immediate consequences.
"The decision of Judge Anderson
is not surprising," said Joseph
Schlosberg, general secretary-trea-
surer of the Amalgamated Garment Workers. "It is merely one
more indication of what Labor Is
facing today.
"Labor has failed to take the
firm stand lt should' have taken
against Its enemies. The collapse
of the railroad brotherhoods has
encouraged the capitalists to begin
a final effort to crush organized
"The timo has come for the mine
officials to show that they have
backbone enough to take the penalty, If necessary, of fighting this
injunction to a finish. The situation calls for men—not cowards."
Benjamin Schlesinger, president
of the International Ladles Garment Workers Union, declared the
reaction from the Anderson injunction must eventually be favourable
to Labor. "It Is one of the things
which must drive Labor into politics," he said, "Just as similar court
actions In England have driven the
English workers to establish their
powerful Labor Party."
The injunction was characterized
by Roger Baldwin, secretary of the
American Civil Liberties Union, as
the most reactionary and momentous decision affceting Labor yet
"Every legal effort should bo
mado to set lt aside," he said, "and
If that fails the miners' leaders
should Ignore the Injunction and
go to jail so that the case can bo
carried to the supreme court without delay."
Heber Blankenhorn of the Bureau of Industrial Research, declured tho Injunction, if enforced,
means a return to the days of the
Jungle in the coal fields, but he
added that from his observation of
the mine workers It would not be
obeyed. Somo operators will fight
it, he said, and some unions will
collect dues independently, while
still other unions probably will obtain opposing Injunctions.
"Judge Anderson," said Blanken-
horn, "has demonstrated again
that he is fully entitled to the epithet bestowed upon him by Theodore Roosevelt." (Roosevelt called Anderson a Jackass.)
John B. Andrews, secretary of
the American Association for Labor Legislation, said: "The decision
cannot result in the interest of the
general public. It will tend to provoke extreme action."
Help.the Fed. by helping our
Plain Iruth Is Handed
Out to & Vancouver
Next Meeting Will Be in
Selkirk School on
The large., political meeting that
waa ever held In ttae Carleton hall.
waa on Nov. 4, wben Comrade
Kavanagh held' a campaign meeting there. Comrade. Smith and
Kavanagh spoke on Questions affecting the workers, and the audience showed Its Interest by the
numerous questions which followed. ,
On  Tuesday,   Nov.   8,   another
meeting   was  held  ln  Tecurasett J
achool, and the hall was filled.
Every meeting up to date haa
been very successful, and ttae unvarnished truth la handed to the
.workers on every occasion and no
promises of prosperity are made. £
The next meeting will be held Tn
the Selkirk school, Twenty-second '
avenue and Commercial street, on
Thursday, Nov. 17, at 8 p.m.
The following meetings have nino
beon arranged for during tbe month
of November:
Nov. 28, Secord school, (1st and
Victoria road.
Nov. 24, Brock school, 33rd and
Nov. 25, McBride school, 2»th
and Culloden street.
Nov. 29, Btock school, 33rd and
Main street.
Nov. 30, Sexsmlth school, 61st
and Ontario street.
Danoe Saturday
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night In the Fender Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe streets.
Good muslo, a flne floor and every
accommodation. Admission, gentf
SOc, ladles 26c.
_, 1
An Answer
In answer to enquiries, Oeorge
Lee of Ladysmlth sent ln the sum
ot (21 from the Oyster dls-Hot, In
May, 1921, for the maintenance
Good Attendance at Pender Hall Last
There was a good attendance at
the Pender Hall last Sunday, when
the subject under discussion was
"The Freedom of the Press," J.
Kavanagh being the speaker. In
opening, he referred to the fact
that in the past, It had been tho
proud boast of the British people
that they had freedom of expression, and he admitted that in prewar days, there had been some
grounds for lt. He then dealt with
the change which had taken plqfo
on the outbreak of war, when publication after publication had been
suppressed. Referring to the year
1917, he stated that when the Csar
waB overthrown, there was then no
objection to the publication of the
exposures of Rasputin, etc, and
other matters which could be used
against Oermany, and no rcstric- '
tlon on the liberty of the ruling
class press to deluge the land with
tales of terrorism and slaughter;
but there was an objection to telling the achievements of the Russiun peoplo in revolt.
He also referred to events during the war which occurred In Canada, when all of Kerr's works were
banned, and if a man had a copy
of Marx's Capital, published by
Kerr, he was liable to imprisonment, but lf he had the same work
published by the Socialist Labor
press of New York, it was no offence.
He concluded by stating that
there was never a timo when tho
Labor press was more necessary
than today, and appealed for support for It.
A collection was taken for The
Federatlonist defenco fund, and
many questions were asked before
the meeting was brought to a close.
Turin, October 18.—The collection of the Turin Chamber of Labor has yielded two hundred thousand lire for the Russian fund.—
Rosta Wien.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federationist, and then call
around next day for a subscription,
Hear the Truth About Russia
who has just returned from that country, will speak
On Sunday, Nov. 13th
Collections will be taken for the Famine Sufferers.
thirteenth yeah. no. 44   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FKIDA r Novemj.gr n. !»_»
Publiia.d every Friday nornlng by Tk* B, 0,
Federationist, Limited
__. E WBIX8-.
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Unity of Labor:. The Hope of the World
FRIDAY November 11, 1921
MONDAY last was Thanksgiving Day
in this country; it was also the
fourth anniversary of thc Russian revolution. What the workers had to be thankful for we are unable to soe, unless, as
some of the papers
THANKSGIVING suggested, they were
AND    - thankful   that things
RUSSIA were not worse than
they were during the
past year. Possibly next year they will
also be thankful that, while things have
been worse, they might have been
even/more obnoxious; and food, clothing
and shelter even more elusive to the slave
of modern capitalism in this country. Be
that as it Tnajr, the fact remains that instead of conditions becoming better, they
are daily growing more and more oppressive and degrading.
* * «
In every country in the world where
capital has left its imprint on the lives of
its slaves, the anniversary of the Bussian
revolution was celebrated by the class-
conscious section of the working class. To
tl)pt portion of humanity, the Bilssian
revolution appears at least to be the beginning of the end of capitalism. Buling
class apologists may demonstrate that the
i Bussians have compromised with capitalism and for thjt reason attempt to prove
that the ideas of a communistic form of
society is impossible, yet the fact remains
that the Bussian proletariat Is fighting the
present system of society, and whenever
new policies are laid down and followed,
the aim and object of those who formulate
them is to conserve the rule of the workers in Bussia in the midst of a capitalistic
world, and to eventually bring the present
system to -and end.
*. *> •
Class struggles are not ■worked- out on
theoretical lines; theories may be laid
down for general guidance, but they must
inevitable be fought out'on the ground
laid down by the historical development
of society and determined by conditions
as they arise from time to time. During
the past four years, Soviet Bussia has haa
to fat* conditions which could not be
forseen in all particulars, therefore as circumstances, and not the whims of individuals'determined, the policies have had
to be changed, modified and fitted to suit,
those circumstances.
When it is realized that the industries
.of. Bussia were'not developed, and that
primitive me thodsjrf production were in
use when the revolution took place, and
that every capitalistic nation on earth
aided and abetted the counter revolutionary forces, as well as carried out an activo
blockade against that country, it is not
to-be wondered at that changes in policy
have been made, but it is hard to conceive
.how under these conditions the Bussian
workers have been able to keep as far to
the front of the proletarian movement as
they have. Existing as it, does in the
midst of capitalistic states, whose workers
are still content with their slavery, Soviet
Bussia today stands out to the world's
workers as a beacon light. It is a promise
of a new day. Thc heroism of the Russian
•working classes an example to all working class movement throughout the world.
For that they have reason to bo thankful, and those who would have had the
revolutionary period carried out to a blue
print of their lack of understanding, may
yet learn that a revolutionist in practice is
worth more than all thc intelligensia and
theoriticians, and if the Bussian experience proves this, the workers will have
still nlore to thank the Busian workers
for. In the meantime the least that can
be done is to impede any attempts of the
capitalistic nations in thir efforts to destroy the workers' first social revolutionary regime.
RUIJNG-CLASS politicians must have
a great contempt for the intelligence
of the average voter, and judging from
past experience they have found some
grounds for the attitude they assume
when addressing thcir
EMPTY audiences, be it on the
STOMACHS AND publie    platform    or
TABIFFS through    tho    press.
That the politicians
have not yet developed the idea that conditions have changed in tho past five
years, and that it is possible that the
people may at last bo using their brains,
is evidenced by the advertising matter
which is being displayed in the press of
the country. One advertisement of the
National Liberal and Conservative party
should strike the unemployed with great
force, for it contains then following
"The present Canadian Tariff, so
far as it affects the necessaries of
life, is a very moderate1 one. It is
simply a tariff maintained to keep
Canadian factories in Canada employing a steadily increasing volume of
Canadian labor and developing Canadian resources."
In view of the fact that it is only the
necessaries of lifo which affect the workers, and that tariff on automobiles and
diamonds and other such trifles which
the ruling class are prone to bo interested
in, do not affect them, it would appear
that the present tariff policy of the government has miserably failed to achieve
what    the    National     Liberal     and
Conservative party claims it is
designed for. In fact, judging from
the number of unemployed in the country
today, it would appear that it had accomplished something entirely different to
that which it is alleged it was. desigtied
to'ac complish. Workers by the thousand
are unemployed and the steady volume of
Canadian labor is to be found seeking relief, and labor is going from, and not to,
Canadian factories.
* J* *
If, however, as claimed by Mackenzie
King, low tariffs, or a policy of ' lower
tariffs than that advocated by the present
government would bring prosperity," how,
is it that Great Britain, with its policy of
tariffs to give the slaves of that nation, a
"free breakfast table," has produced
tables in hundreds of thousands of homes
which aro so near free from food that thc
workers, are starving, while many are
wjthout _ place to sleep. Surely there
must be something wrong when neither,
high or low tariffs answer the requirements of the workers.
* » * .
That something is that tariffs are considered by governments in their endeavor
to transact the business of the ruling
elass. They play no part in the lives of
the workers. Let them be high or low,
they do not provide clothing and shelter
for jobless slaves. , It is not tariffs the
wofkers need but the necesaries nf life,
and if those are not obtained, or only at
rare intervals, then it should be apparent
that taxes on them have little to do with
those who cannot got them. If a ■ beefsteak costs a, dollar, and an idle wage
slave has ten cents, the steak will not
line his ribs. In fact, when the ruling
class representatives appeal to the workers on a tariff is.sue in these days when unemployment is rife, when want stares all
workers in the face, and the situation is
becoining worse daily, it would appear
that they consider that the heads of the
workers are as empty as thcir stomachs, or
at least that their brains are doing no
more than their digestive organs. Possibly the result of the eleetion will show
that the politicians made a correct estimate of the intelligence of the workers;
if so, a little more' of what they are getting will set their brains to .work, and
posibly a little later they may also use
their gastronomic wants and fill their
physical needs. But it is a certainty that
tariffs will do neither.
THB VANCOUVEB SUN, in a recent
issue, editorially commented on the
faot that the human race had never overcome starvation, and stated that this is
why people study political economy. Re-
ference is also made to
THE SUN __ the faet that Premier
AND """   Lloyd George has de-
STARVATION clared that the policy of
the Imperial .Government towards employment, should be
that no Briton should starve. The
parable of the Master and Servant, which was the basis of John Buskin's work "Unto this Last" is quoted,
in which the master says to his
servant, I do thee no wrong. Didst not'
thou agree with me for a penny? «Take
that, thine is and go thy way. I will give
unto this last even as unto..thee." The
Sta then states:
You will never be touched by the
tinkling little rattlings of Socialism
or thc insane ravings of anarchy once
you have read the great, vital truths
of life as explained by Buskin, whieh
first brought upon him abuse and're-
pudiation from Churoh'and f_*-<_te, and "
which at the present day are being
adopted and preached, without credit
being given to Rusftin. Premier
Lloyd George is only%ow saying what'
Buskin said in 1861.
* *       , »
The study of working class economics,
the basis of which is Karl Marx's Das
Capital, will show that the wealth of the
world is produced by the workers. That
every commodity, including labor-power,
is produced for sale. That they aro sold
at their value, and if the slave agrees with
his master that a penny, as quoted, is the
price'of the cost of reproduction of that
labor-power, that price expresses its market value. The seller of a commodity, has
no kick coming if he receives for it, the
market prioe. He is soiling and thc buyer
of thc commodity is buying, and if both
agree on the price, there can be no protests on their side when the deal is concluded. Tho Sun, however, goes on to
Buskin declares that all thc errors
of our modern civilization, leaving
room for the existence of poverty and
starvation, aro due to our having for
a social foundation one truth and ono
untruth. The one truth that the poor
have no right to the property of the
rich. The untruth is that the rich
haye a right to take at their own
valuation the one property of the
poor which is Labor,
Buskin may not have realized it, but he
expressed a truth when he stated it was
an untruth that the rich have the right to
take at their own valuation the one property of the poor. Economic laws govern
the sale of labor-power, just as they do
thc disposing of potatoes or butter, boots
and shoes or gramaphoncs. But there is
one truth that the Sun did not deal with,
and that is that the employing class has
the right and thc power to take the wealth
whioh the workers as a class produce.
They buy the labor-power of the workers
at a price agreed upon, whieh is.not a
matter of individual'choice, but is determined by thc cost of reproduction of that
commodity, and fluctuates around value,
sometimes being below and very seldom
above, thc law of supply and denflind being the final arbiter as to the relation of
price to value. Thc labor-power of the
worker, however, applied to the machinery of production and the raw materials,
creates wealth greater than the cost of thc
produetion of the energy expended. Thc
result is, that surplus values arc created,
the worker receiving the nrice of Us la
bor-power, the balance being-the property
of his master. These surplus values are
the property of thc employing class, and
the workers have no right to any of them.
They belong to that elass which owns ahd
controls the means of wealth production.
Not only do they belong to thc»ruling1
class, but they must be sold. It is true,
that much of this wealth created is expended in the cost of government, in the
carrying on of wars' for commercial supremacy, in which one nation fights another for the privilege of having access
to the world's market in which to dispose
of its surplun vetoes wrung from the
workers at the point of production, but
that is not the business of, exploited
slaves. -..._'_
The writings of Buskin will never stop
the "tinkling" of Socialism, which are
becoming a roar, and which terrify the
members of the ruling class, neither will
they stop the insane ravings of a class in
society, which while it denounces anarc
hy, is anarchistic in its tendencies, and
receives its plunder from a form of society which creates chaos and misery
everywhere it i» established. So long as
labor-power uTsold for'so much per hour,
or per week, or month, whether the
amount be a penny or any other monetary
token, starvation must and will .exist,
The world's statesmen, including Lloyd
George, may be today saying what Bus
Jnn said in 1861, but the workers are saying something entirely different to what
they said even ten years ago. They are
realizing that aB long as labor-power is a
commodity, that it will be sold as it is today, and the product of their labor be the
property of a parasite class in society,
which reaps the benefit of the labor of
those who produce the world's wealth,
while the workers face starvation, beeause
they have produced too much. Starvation
is essential under capitalism, and while
workers who refuse to work in times of
industrial strife—which itself is an out
come of the class antagonisms caused by
the class ownership of the means of wealth
production—are accused of murdering
women and children because the supply
of necessities are cut off as they were in
New- York by the milk deliverers' strike,
the ruling olass thinks nothing of the sufferings of the workers, who are denied
the necessities they have produced, and
which cannot be purchased, because they.
are out of work through the fact that they
have produced too much, and the Russian
women and children are denied those
things whioh they aro willing to pay for,
because they have challenged the present
system, and are condemned to death bei
cause of that fact. The workers, however, are realizing one great truth, and
whioh Buskin has not pointed out, and
that is only by the abolition of human
slavery under the' disguise of a wage system can starvation 4>e eliminated. That
accomplished, no Briton will starve, nd
worker will want and no politicians will
be needed and the anarohy of capitalism
will bo swept into oblivion.
(By Evelyn Sharp). tgives support to the allegations of
(Federated Prens Staff "Writer) the Daily Herald, the workers' in-
OND0N,,-Oct.'l9.—The Indus- dependent newspaper, that a concerted effort is being made to use
the famine to destroy the Soviet
government, and that the first step
ln this .inhumane campaign Is to
be the cancellation of the Russian
trade agreement on the ground
that the famine has made thii
dead tetter,
Tho answer to this attack upon
the trade agreement Is to be tound
in figures Issued by the Russian
trade delegatioh, showing that
trade is already a quarter in value
of what It waa* in.1914, and Is
steadily increasing, 'even' without
any assistance from the British
government. Witt, this assistance,
ln the form of credits, it would Increase /still more, and not only
would Russia's starving* millions
benefit, but so would also our own
unemployed who could be making
the manufactured goods so sorely
wanted by Russia Instead of starving upon doles here, or walking the
streeta even without that pittance.
Premier Meighen easy that Mackenzie
King is avoiding the issues of the election.
Will the workers dodge the issue which
the government raised in Winnipeg in
1919? v * *
What does it matter whether the country is flooded with foreign-made or Canadian goods if the workers cannot buy
them? It is thc Jact that there is too
much wealth iu existence which necessitates their hunger and want.
A delegation waited on the government
and tho leader of the opposition at Fie-
toria on Wednesday for the purpose of
securing   the   defeat   of   Major   Dick
Burde's eight hour bill.   Every kind of
employing class interest was represented
on the delegation, and the usual plea
entered as to why and how the eight hour
day should not be established until aa
other nations adopt it.   In a resolution
prepared by thc Manufacturers' Association the following passage is found:
"It is held that industry is recognized as the joint trust of capital and
labor, and that they must be employed productively and to their fall
capacity.    The  standard of living
is directly proportional to production.
We would like to have it explained to
us, how itMs, if capital and labor held
industry in trust, and productivity determines the standard of living, that the
workers have no say so as to when they
shall be employed, and that in spite of
their productivity, they are being compelled to accept a lower standard of living. We will have more to say on this
topic next week.
We take it that the Bishop of Exeter is
classed as a good kind Christian gentleman.   He is at least a   minister  of  the
gospel, and is supposed to be a follower of
the "man of peace" who is credited with
feeding   tho   hungry   multiWdo.    The
bishop, however, is very much concerned
about the lack of humility everywhere.
Everywhere, we suppose, except in ruling
class circles, as he states in a "message'*:
"Many of our politicians and perhaps ministers of religion are always
saying we must not put on the brake, l
and when a maddened crowd of half-
starved people threatens to  destroy
the order of the country we must not
maintain order by strong measures.
These strong measures apparently include, if need be, the right to kill.
"We should be clear as to the principle of our Christian religion.  With
regard to rebellion, one of these principles is that it is "right to kill the
men who destroy order."
Evidently thc worthy Ecclesiastic'has
different views to thc lowly Nazarene who
was credited with   giving  -the   hungry
loaves and fishes; the bishop evidently
prefers lead.   Such ideas are.at least enlightening.   It is also well to know what
Christianity stands for as laid downjjy a
trial situation Is no better
than when I last wrote. Thc
official figures for unemployment
liavo now reached a million and
three-quarterB, and this total does
■-not, Include those on short time.
A storm ls brewing on the land,
where the lockout of farn^ laborers
in Norfolk is merely expressive of
what is going on oil over agricultural England—a universal attempt
on the part of the farmers to force
down wages and the standard of
living. This persecution has, however, produced from the Labor
Party a draft'programme,, for the
countryside, which Is being sent to
the national executive for ratification, and which makes drastic proposals for the abolition of landlordism, for workers' control, drastic revision of the game laws, and
for "better living" as well as "better farming."
The influence of the steady propaganda of the National Guilds
League is to be seen In some of the
proposals for the organisation of
this industry, as lt Is also .incidentally, seen in the recent formation
of a furniture makers' guild and a
tailoring guild, on the model ofthe
Natfofial Building Guild started
more than a year ago, It ls a real
step In advance that the Labor
Party, in thie admirably drafted
scheme for nationalizing the agricultural Industry, Is recognizing
that the root of most Industrial
problems in this country ls the antiquated but deeply rooted system
of land tenure.
A mining crisis seems also to be
developing, whtch is the natural
consequence of the arbitrary settlement forced on the miners by starvation, at the end of their strike
last summer. It Is alleged by their
leaders that the owners are breaking their agreements and cutting
wages and in addition, by a technical misinterpretation of the May
settlement, using profits that should
be used for wages in paying tlfe
losses on unremunerative mines.
Thus, say the men, they are allowed to earn wages when the owners can make profits, but when
the latter have to meet liabilities,
they close down their collieries.
The government's four bills for
meeting the present industrial
crisis did not get a good reception
from organized Labor. Roughly,
the proposals embodied in them
are export credits (to revive the
manufacture of home goods), short
terfn loans for local relief works,
a new Insurance scehme whereby
tft^ worker, as well as the employer, and the State, will pay another
two pence per week, and a measure of tax equalization for London.
With regard to the lastt this is
looked upon as a complete triumph
for tho Poplar councillors, just released after six weeks' imprisonment, who by their plucky stand
against levying general taxes on an
Impoverished * borough, have
brought an old grievance to a head
and secured a reform that should
have been granted 20 years ago.
They have won a still greater victory, for the conference of metro-
polltan boroughs met this week to
consider the Immediate relief of the
poorer boroughs ln a similar position td- Poplar, have agreed^ to
make outdoor relief (enormously
increased by unemployment ln
those poorer districts where the
workers mainly live) a central Instead of a local' charge, which, in
Poplar alone, will mean a gain of
from £250,000* to £800,000 a year.
George Lansbury, Susan Lawrence and their colleagues, who
thus sacrificed their liberty for the
sake of the poor, have won all
along the line.
A bright spot ln the wage-cutting campaign of the employers
everywhere ls the defeat'of the
Portsmouth drapers, who, refusing
a few weeks ago to pay the minimum rates imposed by the trade
board, "were upheld in this monstrous course by the local bench of
magistrates. Now, however, a
threat by a town's meeting to boycott the drapers tn question has
made them climb down. But this
was only one Incident in the general attack upon trade boards, on
which a commission of inquiry Is
now sitting, and which, if successful, will rob the poorly-paid worker, the mass of them women, of
their strongest weapon against exploitation.
The callous admission has been
made in the House^of Commons by
the British representative at the
Brussels International Commission,
Bir P, Lloyd-Graeme, that a refu-k
sa! to consider the granting of credits to Russia was given, failing
"the establishment of those conditions upon which credit could alone
be given and maintained by all
civilized countries,"
This, ln face of tlie appalling accounts that continue to reach this
country   of   the   Russian   famine,
WiU Have Most WafVe*
seisin 1924, Says Council of Churches
Washington.—In a statement
setting forth the faot that the United States government is Betting
the pace—both financially and in
naval construction—in the race of
tho three great powers, the Federal Council of Churches" of Christ
ln America quotes these ttgures on
army and navy appropriations:
1912 1921
Britain (851,044,000 $1,121,318,000
Japan 98,576,000 282,857,000
V. B.        244,177,000    1,422,762,000
"In 1924," says the. council) ''un-
der tho present, building programs
tho United States will have a total
of 21 battleships against 14 by
Great Britain—18 if the 4 authorized ships aro built—and 8 by
This refers Jo new battleships.
The new building programs, when
completed in 1924, will leave the
United States with 581 vessels, Including 21 battleships with guns of
14 Inches and upwards, 6 battle
cruisers, 117 destroyers and 160
submarines. -Qreat Britain .will
have a total of 40S vessels, an Increase of 7 over hor present number In these classes. If Japan carries out her building program she
will have 142 new ships.
Labor Members Move
Resolution in Provincial House
On Wednesday, the Labor representatives in the provincial house,
Sam Guthrie, R. H. Neelands and
Tom Uphill, raised the question of
unemployment, urging the government to do something now before
men became desperate through
R. H. Neelands moved that the
House go into committee to discuss
the unemployed question, and in so
doing, stated tbere were more people idle than there were a year ago.
Bam Guthrie' stated that the
workers were not idle because
there were not enough machines
to produce the things -needed, but
because of their class ownership.
He insisted that the government
vote some money to care for the
unemployed during the winter, and
atated that it was not enough that
the unemployed should be referred
to and then forgotten.
Tom Uphill, fn hfs remarks, stated that he was surprised-that the
unemployed were 'able to remain
quiet and warned the government
that hungry men aiere angry men.
He also stated that it was no excuse to say that the unemployed
from the interior were coming to
the coast to escape the winter
weather in that part of the co,fe
try, and satd lt was the duty of
the State to care fot the unemployed. . s
Premier Oliver moved the adjournment of the debate.
fling op Thom Oeymout JW4
to* appoiiit-meat
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite SOI Dominion Bulldln*
Cigar Store
Now Medical Unit of Society for
fl Technical Aid Ii
(By The Federated Presl.)
(New York Bureau')
New York.—A "fighting detachment" against the new foes of
Russia—typhus, scurvy, malaria
and cholera—Js being organized
here In the form of a medical unit
of the Teohntcal Aid Society for
Soviet Russia. * This new medical
unit, comprising six American medical specialists and a dlreotor of
supplies, Is to take with lt to the
stricken districts of Russia Its
own ambulance and motor trucks,
three of whtch have already been
donated by an American drug firm.
The unit Is being created at the
request of Dr. Somashko, of the
Russian Commissariat of Public
The frionds of* Soviet Russia
have appropriated $50,000, for the
work of the medical unit, but
$150,000 more must be raised within the coming three weeks, the
Society for Technical Aid announces, ln order to enable the
unit to roach the afflicted regions
by Christmas. Money, wholesale
drugs, clothing, and articles for the
cafe of the sick Bhould be addressed to the Medical Unit of tho
Technical Aid Society, Room 303,
No. 110 West 40th Street, New
York City.
First Test of Repressive
Law Will Be Made
by Editor
(By The, Federated Press.)
(Hawaiian  Bureau.)
Honolulu.—A Korean newspaper
has been suppressed and its editor
arrested on a charge of violating
the provisions of the press control
law, enacted by the recent Legislature. This law was opposed in
the Territorial Legislatwre by all
the liberal and progressive, elements. In the community, with organized labor ln the front of the
flght. Its provisions, are more
drastic than the usual run of
"criminal syncflcalisra" laws, making lt a crime punishable by a fine
of. $5000 and five years ln the penitentiary for any person to violate
the provisions uf the following section: ji
"No person shall write, print,
publish or circulate, ln the Territory of Hawaii, any written or
printed article or matter, in any
form or language, whioh ln its
nature ls subversive of law and
order, or which shall advqoate, Incite, encourage or approve the
commission of any aot or form of
violence or injury te> any persons
or property, or sabotage, incendiarism, sedition, anarchy^ rioting or
breach of the pence, or which shall
directly or indirectly advocate, encourage or approve the use or exercise of force, fear, Intimidation,
threats, ostracism, blackmail, or
other form of restraint or coercion
designed to interfere or which may
have the effect of interfering with
tho right of any person to freely
engage in lawful business or employment or the enjoyment of property, or which by deliberate misrepresentation shall be designed to
create or have the effect of creating distrust or dissension between
the peoples of different races or
between citizens and aliens, or
whtch ln any other manner, shall
advocate, incite, encourage or approve any act, purpose or thing
contrary to law or the good morals,
health, safety" or public welfare of
the community."
The first test of the law comes
In the present case, in which the
editor of a small Korean weekly
Is charged with advising one faction of the Korean colony to use
direct action tactics ln gaining
control of the revolutionary organization or Korean Junta which is
working for the independence of
It ts understood that the defence
will be based upon the grounds of
a too literal translation of foreign
language Idioms, which, In all
Ideographic dialects, are highly
O. B. U. Statistical Department
The G, B. B. of the O. B. U. haa,
In co-operation with the Winnipeg
Central Labor Council of the O. B.
U. formed a statistical department.
The need of such an organization
hail often been commented upon by
propagandists, etc., In the past, but
no real effort up to now -has been
made to provide it.
The general executive board
therefore, wishes local units, councils and individual members to cooperate with the board by sending
in newspapers and other clippings
dealing with hours, wages, child
labor, production, conditions, crops,
etc., from any country. If an article in a magazine or book comes
your way which you cannot clip,
send in the name  to the secretary.
Tho board has already obtained
a large number of books and other
printed matter from the government and other sources, but wishes
also to get a mass of data whloh
will be uaof ul to speakers and propagandists. Members and sympathizers are urged to co-operate with
the general executive board ln this
Address all matter to 449 Main
Street, Winnipeg, Man.
Oet your workmate to subscribe
for The Federatlonist.
Kindling Free
1M0 GRANVILLE  Sey. -2.0
Comfortablo and Modem
Prion Reasonable
Seymou 7780-0
We are opening up offices ott
third floor (Room 305) bo-
minion Building, on Wednesday,
Nov, X__ We specialize on and
guarantee to relieve those
suffering from piles, stomach
troubles, misplaced organs of
both men and women, spinal
and rheumatic troubles. Our
methods are far superior than
any yet practiced on this continent.
We are also opening a "Ladles'
Question Bureau" with an experienced lady in charge, who
will be pleased to answer all
correspondence in connection
with ailments pertaining to ladies
O. Armstrong, "The Herbalist"
' Suite 305-6 Dominion Bldg,
Furniture Store
We want you to come to
thla store with confidence
that you can buy Furniture, Carpets and Linoleum at lower prices Nand
better terms.
No Greater Opportunity
(or   the   Working    Men
416 Main Street
Phone Sey. 12(7
TIONIST ud let year 10
per cat, -iac.-at.
O. J. Mengel
Writes all classes of insur.
ance. Representing only Drst-
olass Board companies. If insurance ls wanted, write or
phone Sey. 5636.
Oflee address, lis Board ot
Trade Bldg., Vaneourer, B.O,
Greatest Stock of
In Greater Vancourer'
Replete in every detail
41 Hastings Street West
lUt tHgriU mot
BnniUj eervleee. 11 ».m. and T.I0 D.m.
Bunder eeho-l Immediately follewtu
morning unlee. Wedneelsy leet!n_>i_j_
meeting. 8 p.m. fre. mdlng team.
901-90-    Blt__   Bid..	
You may wish to Help The Fed-
eratlontt-t. You can do so by renewing your subscription promptly and
sending In tlio subscription of your
friend or neighbor.	
Unioa OOolsle, mlt. for prloea.   W.
In that dark hour when sympathy and best service count go
muoh—call up
Phone Fairmont BS
Prompt Ambulance Service
"A Oood Place to Bat"
will givo yon longer wear—lit you better—and are lighter la
weight titan any other boot on the market
dj| e nn—10-INOH TOP—MADE to yotjr measure
«J> 10.UU   Send yonr ordor now.
The "New Method" Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
837 OARRALL STREET—.lust a Step from Hustings
All O. B. P. Help  , .        Phone Sey. 8317
THE-vtlue to, (he public ol telephone servioe la baaed on the re-
liability, promptness and accuracy
of that service. Quality ol servioe
depends oo the economlo operation of
all telephone aetivities. From the
timo raw material is producod until
the finished equipment Is complete, It
fs a matter o! continuous exhaustive
tests to get the best. After installation, ceaseless vigilance ls maintained
to get the best oharaotor of service.
All efforts are directed toward tbo
highest standard.
and Non-alcoholic nines of aU
klnda      ""
T_fiRTi__i«m _ear. no. 44    THE' BBITISH COLUJ_lJBU;,ffEDEKAT-ONlST VAKcOuvim, ac
Is it Fear That
Keeps You Back?—
;    &M, Do Your Teeth Show It?
'—ro yoti afraid that dentistry will hurt you—that
there is cause for you to be nervous? Then tflia
is for you— , .
I expressly assure you that no treatment.In this offlee
will hurt. As a result of the precautions I take, pain
ls lmp_._lbl_—is never folt. One method by whieh
I prevent pain ls "nerve-Dlocking," -which may-admirably suit your case. :
Don't delay longer in. coming to me beeause you fear
pain. Otherwise the results of neglect will show In
your teeth—only to make attention more expensive and
Corner Seymour
What Win It Cost?
The absolute minimum
If you come to me. By
giving you the full benefit
of decreased costs my
scale of prices ls considerably lowered.
DB. BRETT  ANDERSON, lormorly member of th. iM-lty of ths
College of Dcutietry, palTHelty of Southern CellforaU, Lecturer
oa Orowa sad Bridgework, Demonetretor In Platework ud Optra-
Hr. Dentletry, Loeal sod Oenersl AnieethesU. *
I Pittsburg, Kan.—In accordance
lth the wishes of Alexander Heat and August Dorchy, all Mls-
iurl miners under the jurisdiction
District 14 have returned to
fork, It-was explained that Inasmuch as the miners were directing
their light on the Kansas Industrial Court law, no object can be
served by Missouri miners also
 ; r
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
Then you must HELP to feed her starving workers and
peasants.       , '  ,       _■'■    -   y
for the famine stricken in the Volga Provinces.   Many (
workers, have already done so, DID YOU.   DO-YOUR
BIT,  Urge the organization you belong to to DONATE
-STAND BY SOVIET RUSSIA, and thereby show your
truo working class solidarity. ■ •
Address all communications to:
Canadian Famine Relief Committee for the
-Drought Stricken in Soviet Russia
tax Twenty Vsars wt ban lssuetl tbis Union Stamp'for nst under oar
Peaceful Oollrcttve Bargaining
Forbids Both Strikes and Lockouts
Disputes Settled by Arbitration
Steady Employment and Skilled Wotkmanialf
Prompt Deliveries to Dealers and Publlo
Peace and Success to Workers and Employers
Prosperity of Shoe Making Oomtuonlttos
Ai loyal union man and women, va ask
yoa to demand shoes bearing tb* abort
Union Stamp on Sole, Insole or Lining,
Oellll liQTely, J_enM_l Preeldent     Olistlee L. Balne, General S.o,-Tr.M.
rtssh Out riowsrs, Funeral Designs, Weaning Bouquets, Fot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds. Bulbs, Florists'. Sundries
I Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Rutlngs Stmt East 728 Granville Street
Seymour 888-672 Seymour 9513
The IM.T. Loggers' Boot
Hall orden personally attended lo
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co/
Successors to R. VOS _ SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phon. Seymour 000 Repairs Done While Ton Watt
A Common Sense
Economic Law
'It is good logic to spend your money where it
will do you the most good. Cascade Beer is made
in Vancouver by Vancouver workmen. When yon
drink it your money helps to keep Vancouver men
in employment. Not only that; but it is acknowledged to be the best beer sold in B. C.  Insist on
Lumber Workers!
News and Views
Dempsey'a Camp a
There are about 65 men working In thla camp. .Conditions are
fair; double-decked bunk's are being used, and the grub ls nothing
to brag about, although the writer
bas eaten worse in dozens of campi
id this province; wash-house and
two shower baths provided, but
the men have to furnish their own
towels and toilet soarf.
Sentiment in thtt) camp is strong
for Industrial 'organization, and
quite a number of the workers are
paying up their .back dues with the
intention of putting the organization on the One Big Industrial
Union map. AU class-conscious
workers here Intend to push organization forward and make it
what it should be.
Five members volunteered, as
camp organization committee, and
the next report is expected to show
a great improvement In so. far as
the organization of tha camp Is
Wages ato about the* same as the
average camp; from $2.80 to 16.60
per day and board is $1.20 per day.
This ls not a highball camp at
present, but what this and other
Oamps wift be in the future, the
workers ttlone can answer, and
they had better get busy and educate themselves, pay up their back
dues, and take an active part In
the organization, instead of howling and whining about officials
running the union. If the.officials
run the organization, why do not
the workers take action? Why did
the majority of, the Lumber Workers drop out and refuse to pay their
dues? Did they understand their
class position? No, emphatically
When things were running good,
they let Qeorge .do it, and now they
are, like cowards, making excuses,
and flimsy ones at that.
However, they will soon receive
aft awakening. The general organizer, the big Bull of the Woods,
will bring them out of their dreams
We Stake Special Deliveries- to AU
Parts on Friday sod Saturday
Freo of Cnarge
123 Hasting! Stmt Bait   Sty. 8262
830 OranviUe Stntt 8ty. 869
3290 Main Bt Fair. 1688
1191 OranviUe St. Sey. 6149
On Saturday morning from 7 to  11,
We will Bell    onr    famons    Alberta
Creamery Butter at 3 lbs. for.-..$1.18t
On salo, Slater's Famons Sugar
Cured Baok Baeon, nloo and lean
(not peamoal). Reg. 45 i-ao,
speeial, Frl. and Sat, lb...85 1-2C
Whole or bait. Ther only weigh
about 8 lbs, eaoh.	
On sale, Slater's Famous Boneless Roll
Bacon. Rog. 8 lbs. for $1.10.
Special,  8  lbs,  for   .HO
Tho.Finest Bntter that conies ont
of Alborta.   On salo on Saturday
morning from 7 to .11, 8 lbs...$1.2S
'■        LABD—LABD—LARD
On sale on Saturday all day, Bums'
Pure   Shamrock   Lard.    Rogular  250
lb.    Special,^  lbs. for  -....360
New Laid B. 0. Fresh Eggs, doz...76c
B.  0.   Storage  Eggs,   dozen   650
B. 0. New Laid Pullet Eggs, doz-56c
On sale Friday and Saturday, onr
Famous Sugar Cured l'knic name,
nice and mild, and Iota of meat on
thom. Regular 28o lb,, special,
per lb ■: - 23 1-20
On salo Friday and Saturday, Slater's
Famous Pork Butts, practically no
bono and weighing from 5 to s ins.
Regular 35c lb., extra ..pedal, lb. 260
Owing' to the tie-up of the railroads this week, Pork is very
sc&rce, but we havo been- awe -iu
gt't a small consignment bf our
No. 1 Oovernment Inspected mr*
Shoulders through, and we are going to sell thom at tho same price
as last week. Special, lh.. .21 l-2c
Phono ordera early for above.'
Nico Pot RoastH  from,  lb 8c
Nloo  Oven  Roaata  from,  lb...l2  l-2c
Good  Boiling  Beef  from,  lb 8c
Quality Rolled Roaata, por Ih 20c
Legs of Real Lamb on sale Friday
and  Saturday, any slse cut,  ox-
tra Bpeclal, lb ,.29 l-2c
On salo Friday and Saturday, genuine
Frosh Killed Lamb Shoulders—this Is
genuino lamb, not mutton—wolgh
about 4 lbs. eaoh. Special for
Friday and Saturday, lb 15'l-2c
On sale, Genuine Leaf Lara, gov
ernment Inspected.     Rogular  20c
lb.    Extra special, Ib.  — 16c
Slater'a -   Sugar     Cured     Sliced
Streaky Bscon, per lb 40a
Slater's     Sugar     Cured     Sltood
Streaky Bacon, per lh 45c
Slater's Famous Sugar Cured Genuine
Hams—hind logs—vory mild and
nicely smoked, weighing from 10 lbs.
oaoh.    Special, lb. ..._*  38 l-2o
Half or wholo.
Finest Highland Spuds, 100-lb. aaok,
delivered   only    „„ _ $1.30
Tou should stock up spuds now.
and then they w*" tall over themselves trying to flnd a way out of
their miseries. The doughnuts will
hang higher than ever this winter,
and the elusive job will live up to
Its name.
FeUow workers, In the lumber
industry your duty lies in being an
active membe; ln the Union of all
the workers in the industry in
which you work, and ln lining up
with the rest of your class.
Get In and do your bit for the
workers industrial demooraoy;
don't be cowardly slaves; don't
whine and' howl; don't let Oeorge
do it; do it yourselves, and help
make this world a place flt to liv*
Tours for industrial freedom,
The boost in the lumber Industry ls beginning to have an effect
on the psychology of the men in
camp; signs of Ufe are beginning to
mjinlfcstthemselves, and lt Is up to
the active members of the organisation' to take advantage of this
changing psychology.
Several letters have been received from camps owing the past
week, and concentrated effort upon
the part of the active membership
$.111 undoubtedly result bn the .organization getting into Its stride
again. There Is hard1 work ahead
for every members of the t Union,
and every one must do his bit in
order to obtain for the workers ln
the woods a decent standard of liv-.
ing, whieh they are a long way
from getting at present,
There may not be sufficient aotlve men in all camps to call meetings right away, but a nucleus of
an organization can be formed ln
every camp for there is not a camp
where there are not a few good
Union -men, and these men can get
together and forjn a plan of action.
If this is done, the time will
come 'when the boss will be forced
to allow thu men to hold meetings;
the boss, through organization, is
getting at least the market price
for his commodity, and it is up to
us to organize and demand the
market price for our commodity,
and until we can dp that, we will
have to quit talking about running
Industry for ourselves. •'
Plans Are Laid for
Economic Conquest
(Continued from page 1)
Britain and Japan are "preserving peaoe" in the Orient If the
United States does not like their
alliance, which has been mutually
profitable, then let the United
States Join them in an agreement
(■which will be even more satisfactory.
Finally, America should give up
her "vague Idealism" about the
morality of political and economic
conquests as practised in the Orient. If America ls not going to
war against Japan on this moral
Issue, let her be respectful and cooperative in the job of getting what
can be got from the Chinese.
Disarmament Is a ridiculous notion, so long as Britain must'import food and so long as France
remembers Germany's invasions of
her soil.
That, ln substance, Is the British official and unofficial propaganda with whioh Washington ballrooms and tearooms are buzzing.
The Japanese are steadily Increasing the number and variety
of their own" propagandists, but
they work in close association with
the British, and have a fine sense
of strategy in letting the British
put forward the more brazen suggestions, British and Japanese
alike1 are uncomfortably aware of
the coldness of the American people towards the diplomacy prac-y
tised at Varsailles. If this Wash-'
tngton conferenco ls to be made
another conference on dividing-up
of the loot of the World War, only
the most heroic measures of propaganda can offset the resentment
which the people ot the United
States will convey to the American
delegates. Public opinion may Jolt
Harding and Hughes and Root ln
Washington where it -failed to disturb Wilson ln Paris. British and
Japanese imperialism is ln serious
Jeopardy. Its defence will be elaborate and insidious. Tbat it will
cost much gold goes without saying. -
Mother Jones Is
On the War Path
(Continued from page 1)
commit   '.
Drs. Dumas and
Laura Flynn
X-Bay nud Electro-    '
16 Hastings Street East
Phone Sey. WML
"West Virginia will be organized.
No Judicial decision whtch favors
any one class over another olass
can prevont it."
So serious, Indeed, is the danger
seen In the threat made by Judge
Anderson, that it may for some
time eclipse the railroad Issue as
the main topic of debate among
trade union officials at headquarters. If the coal miners may be
enjoined from organizing their unorganized associates, the textile
workers can be treated ln precisely
the same fashion, on the same legal
pretext of attempted restraint of
trade.* And the metal and lumber
and building trades can be likewise
brought under the same yoke. If
Anderson prevails, the American
Federation of Labor Is dead. Some
new and less open and naive form
of organization will perhaps spring
up, meeting the harsher conditions
with tougher resistance. The "union men around Samuel Gompers
wonder whether the Supreme Court
of the United States and the President and Congress ofthe United
States will Join with Judge Anderson in welcoming the change.
Milan, Italy—The Italian Socialist Party has passed Berratl's motion, which forbids the Socialist
Party ln parliament, 123 strong, to
co-operate with the government.
The motion does not expel the Reformist Right Wing for its past co
operation with the government, and
tho party thus remains outside the
Third International, which makes
expulsion a condition of admission,
Jackson, Minn.—A. C, Townley,
president of the Nonpartisan. League, is serving a sentence of 90
days for violation of thc Minnesota
sedition law ln the Jackson County
Jail here. He was sentoncod several years ago but carried the case,
to the United States supreme
Court, That body recently refused
to review his case.
German Social Democrats
m    Play Reactionary
The Red Flag and the
Class Struggle Forgotten at Goerlitz
(By Ida Glatt.)
(For the. Federated Press)
Paris.—Ths German Social Democrats, the most powerful political
party, in Germany, meeting in
Goerlitz, Silesia, decided to form a
eoalitiou government with the
Deutsche Volkspartel at the bead
of which is Stlnnes, Germany's
combination Rockefeller-Schwab-
Gary.      \
The resolution eame as a total
surprise to everyone outside of the
oonvention as well as to more than
a few on the inside of it. Even
the conservative German press was
amazed. For 30' years the Social
Democratic party had held firmly
to the famous Erfurter Program,
refusing to enter a coalition with
tho bourgeois parties. More than
that, the Social Democrats had
shown a tendency towards closer
relations with the Independent Socialists. "
The murder of Erzberger, believed to have been engineered by
the reactiouary Right, - seemed to
have drawn all parties of the Left
closer together as the huge mass
demonstrations participated in by
Majority Socialists, Independents
ahd Communists* alike indicated.
Therefore,. everyone looked for
greater things from the Goerlitz
convention. Even among Majority
Socialists the charge was made
that the executive board of the
party had engineered this coup towards the Right .without consulting
the membership.
One remembers, too, that at the
last eonvention ot the Social Democrats in 1920 at Cassel the party
solemnly declared it could not possibly consider a coalition with the
Deutsche Volkspartel. The resolution for the coalition was passed
with 290 ayes and 67 noes. Phillip
Scheldeman, who ' had vowed to
heaven against forming a coaUtlon
with the Deutsche Volkspartel at
the Casqpl convention In 1920,
wound up the debate with a flowery
speech—ln favor ot the coalition
this,year. ^
' The organs of the Deutsche
'favor of the coaUtlon, though it is
Volkspartel declared themselves In
favor of the coalition though it Is
hard to see just how they harmonize their constitution with that
of the Majority Socialists. The
platform of the Deutsche Volkspartel declares Its aim to be the
re-establishment of the' "glorious
colors, black, white and red." The
fact that the parliamentary faction
of the Deutsche Volkspartel accl-
dently met at Heidelberg simultaneously with the convention of
the Social Democrats at Goerlitz
was one of those fortunate circumstances that enabled Streseman to
declare to his hearers that he could
answer the question- as to whether
the Deutsche Volkspartel was willing to enter a coalition with the*
Majority Socialists with a clear
"Tes." .
Not only was the re*d flag not
given Its former prominent position at the Goerlitz convention,
but even the words '-blase straggle"'was no longer heard. The
colors of tho republic, black, red
and gold, now displace the red
flag, while the Idea of "combining
on a broad basis" took the place of
the class struggle.
The Independent Socialists have
stated that this new coalition
rrmkes It Impossible for them to
unite with the Majority Socialists.
A very Interesting and instructive discussion developed at the educational meeting of the Junior
Labor League last Friday evening.
A new book was introduced to be
used as a text-book for future meetings and, lf last week's meeting ts
any criterion, there is a really
worth-while series of educational
meetings "coming up." On Friday
next, Nov, 18, the social committee
will have charge, and already an
interesting programme has been
announced, in which a mock trial
will be a feature. This social will
provide an opportunity for any
newcomers to come along and get
acquainted. Toung people will be
made welcome and notice should
be taken of the fact that the meeting place has beea changed to the
club rooms, 52 Dufferln etreet west,
t 'The Spartaous (L. L. L.) won
their third consecutive game last
Saturday by defeating Victoria
Road Juniors, 8 to 2. They-will
pray Rlverview Juniors tomorrow
at Robson Park, S.80 p.m. The
team ls second to In the alliance,
and Is getting plenty out to. "root"
for it.
The librarian is appealing for
friends to donate books to the
league library.
There will be no meeting of the
J. L. L. tonight. For Information
regarding league matters, phone
Fair. 1610 or Fair. 8023L.
Change fn Japanese Policy.
A change has lately occurred ln
the Japanese attitude towards the
inhabitants of tho Prlmoria district. Japanese papers write over
the possibility of a speedy resumption of business relations between
Japan and the Republic of tho Far
EaBt, Japanese,, employers are
making concessions to the workers
and have introduced an eight hour
day. The Japanese troopB are almost completely revolutionary, in
some detachments all the soldiers
are Communists, The eight hour
day has also been Introduced In
the harbor of Nlkolajevsk. The
relations between these revolution'
lsed soldierB and the Inhabitants
is good. Tho Japaneso troops
state that as soon as they' return
home they will carry out the same
revolution an the Russians have
done.—Rosta Wlen.
The Free
Trade Policy
(By Helen Augur.)
(Federated  Press.   Staff  Correspondent.)
Moscow^—The policy of the
free trade adopted thli spring by
the Soviet government Unof, profound .significance. It Is ah acknowledgement that human lives
I are^ more important than revolu-i
Mponary principles.      f
Today the Soviet government ls
functioning precisely as any government ln Russia would function
In order to survive,. It ts fulfilling
these functions with a devotion
and a depth of sacrifice possible
only to a government bora out of
the revolution of a great people.
Russia came back home, this
spring from *_ seven years' battlefield In which she had poured out.
ber best blood. not onoe, but a
score of times. She found cloned
factories, empty grain bins, and a
bureaucracy sapping,the strength
of the government. It ls a terrible
thing to think that the greatest
agricultural country in the world
li starving to death, but even without the blows of the famine, that
Ifl happening here, In areas of
normal rainfall, Russia is now producing only a fourth of a normal
crop. Steel plows are broken
and rusted, and the surface of the
earth is being scratched with rude
instruments of wood bound together with wattles.
The breakdown In transportation
contributes to the condition of
starvation, to a degree exaggerated
by the great distances of the
country and its weirdly-scattered,
manufacturing centres. Food, fuel,
engines and skilled labor, the four
corner-stones of industry, had almost been battered from under
Russia's econqmlc structure by the
merciless blows of war.
After three and a half years of
revolution the crimson had faded
from its hastily-erected wooden
monuments and triumphal arches,
and the glow pf the ardor had faded from the hearts of many who
we.re fighters in the red October
days. Life was inconceivably,
hard for everybody, and for the
government employees who were
asked to bear the heaviest burdens
of all, like sometimes seemed impossible to endure. As the exactions of war .lightened there came
a natural relaxation on the part
of many of these weary people.
Sabotage,, favoritism, graft grew
up. The'government was the only
power ln Russia which could command an automobile, release a man
from a prison or death. sentence,
or provide a loaf of bread. So a
preposterous number of "sisters,
cousins and aunts," and brothers,
fathers, uncles and friends, began
to attach themselves to the already
overloaded government, exactly
like swarming .bees climbing over
each others' bodies to find a hold,
a place 'to cling.
The country's \lto industrially
was almost at a standstill, politically It was a deadlock.
Then the "little man tn the
Kermlin" sat down and wrote one
of the frankest documents of this
extraordinarily frank regime. It
was a thesis on the free trade
policy, which the Soviet government had decided to adopt. Here
It is in substance:
Socialism ls the next step forward from capitalism. In Russia,
In spite of the political revolution,
we haven't the Industrial conditions which wth make Socialism
possible. We have at present existing in the same state five economic forms, patriarchal, .petty-
industrial, private capitalistic, Btate
capitalistic and socialistic. We
must encourage the latter two
forms as against the petty-industrial element, which in 1921 is the
strongest of the five, and so build
up under the protection of the
workers' government, a form of
state capitalism, which will be the
first rung in our ladder to Socialism.
Because of our broken-down industry and becnuse of the unwieldy
size of the state machino we must
build up something to function between the government and the peasants. We will allow the peasant
to sell In the open market everything above a set requisition. We
will allow traders and manufacturers, big and Uttle, to fill the
needs of the peasant for manufactured goods. As a government we
will hasten tho development of our
natural resources by giving strictly
retaliated concessions to foreign
"Want and penury are suchHhat
we cannot at once restore large
.factory produotlon on a state capitalist scheme," said Lenin. "Therefore, we must help to a certain de-
greo In the restoration of putty Industry, which does not demand machinery, nor large supplies of raw
materials, fuel, foodstuffs, but
which may immediately render a.
eertain amount of assistance to the
peasant's economlo management
and Increase his production. What
will result from this policy? Tho
restoration of tjio petty bourgeolslo
and capitalism on the basis of a
certain right of trading. This Is
undoubtedly se. It would bo ridiculous not to see tt,
"But there Is no danger for the
workers' power so long as tho
workers hold firmly in their hands
the political power, the means of
transport, and tho basic Industries."
Free trade Is here. All through
the country shops, restaurants and
Uttle home factories are open and
busy. The markets .are thronged,
and there. Is plenty of food to buy
tn the cities which have been hungry for four years. Undoubtedly
many of the country's vexing problems are being solved by the new
policy, and tbere ts stimulation to
the peasants In the knowledge that
all they produce win not be taken
by the government agents to feod
the army, the factory workers and
the rest of those who used to receive the government rations or
But free trade Is bringing wtth
tt a series of new problems, To
mention only three:
Tho commissariat of finances ts
forced, because of the restoration
Of the money basts of Ufe, to build
up the value of the ruble. Tt bad
been proceeding on the policy of
making money a practical joke
(and succeeding welt), now It ts
suddenly forced to reverse tho
whole proenss. This dilemma will
be dlscuflned In a future article.
Tho pnvprnment ts also beset
with the problem of giving the factory nnd trnvpnrment workers wer
Inrcer money wages tn order to ensure them a 11 vim?. Thin Is very
d'fnVit-. in this yonr when overy
available ruble must be sn**nt to relieve the famine, and undoubtedly
Watchmaker and Jeweler
Seven yeara wltb Henry Blrki * Bom (I yean Montreal Ston),
four yeara hlgheit paid Watchmaktr Vancouver Stor*.
We Speculate In Watch Retain, Jewelry Repairs, Stone Catting
AOATES and other Precioua Stonaa Cut and PolMwd
on the PremUe..
(Foot ot Homer)
a nat-kabte ____.."—4k* ImtMatar.
Aulried aai 0-.t-.ete_ hM tk. XtnUa
aad Darwinian Point, of- View. By BlahM
William ' Montgomery Btvtrt. D.D. It. Boll
Beeonunendationi: B_al_k la. Bod, tra tta
BU.. wd Ce.lull.te .(ma tkrlfrtk aai
' 1 tat
World :
faUkM, (_.„._.   -_.
tad now tteiy. Pp. Sid.
"A nauikaU. heat *y
":   aas   a •'
Cloth Edition, De Uae,
copies Is a Christmas gift
Erery'copy sold means a
tlon to the buyer.        ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
"One ol tko nut eltrur-lury end .««Ja___u»i book. 1 km tw «•*•
It will ._,k. tk. e_utry."~Tfc. Appeal to ftneon.
Mew Peptr Bdllloa, 19,-00 eople., artuti. _«l__. my keaatlhl, oaa
eepy »5 eenu, lh, 11.00. Bend tS.OO lor twentr-tve eople. lbr Ckrlltaua
preeente. ,     t
m b. o. nDnunoKtaf, m, tit rmim at w, Vaaanmi, BA
"It wlU do a weadf-hl work la tkl. t— (re.lHt villi la all lie-
•to-y."~-Tratk. '
Seventy-Flftk TkouW
at.rn.   IMs whole edition et Moi
to th* sufleren by'famine in Russia,
whole dollar lo (hem and much eduen.
lt will mean that most of the workers will continue to be "fre* traders" themselves half tha tlm* to-
order to earn a living, and work
for the government the other half.
The peasants who com* Into th*
towns to pay their food requisition
to the government see.th* new
petty bourgeoisie wall clad, well-
fed and smug. Thay do not understand why they must still be poor,
with plenty all about. Lenln ls an
economist. He can wait 60 years
for a Communist state, lf he feels
lt ls necessary. But the simple peasant who marks the waiting, ber
tween .sowing and harveat In
months, not years, does not understand why the revolution oould not
lift, all at once, the .ancient burden
from hlg shoulders.
Editor B. O. Federatlonist—Sir:
At a meeting held reqently In Van-;
couver under the auspices of the
F. h. P., a'question was. put to the
speaker in connection with the
position of .the agriculturist under
a Communist regime. The speaker
had been dealing with tho Rusla
nssituatlon, and had drawn the attention of the audience to the manner ^n which the Russian peasantry'
had succeeded In their progress,
owing to the fact that they had
grasped the idea of the two classes
—the bourgeois and the proletariat. Although he specifically laid
It down that It was Impossible to
draw a close analogy between Russia and Canada, tbe speaker made
lt clear that, In his opinion, the
lines of action and of thought followed by the Russians should be
those of the workers in Canada, i
His reply to the question mentioned, was that ''the agriculturalists
formed but a small proportion of
the workers of Canada, and that
tn any case, even admitting them
to be a 50 per cent, proportion,
their dependence of the town wor-.
ker was greater than that of the
town worker on the agriculturist,
and that, therefore, in effect, they
might be neglected, and that they
would, under Communist regime,
have to bow to the will of the town
Now, to myself, a neophyte in
the doctrines of the F. L. P. and.
on the other hand, an adherent ot
the cause of agriculture, this reply
is an unsatisfactory reply, and productive of" question.
In the flrst place, It occurs to me
that, geographically, at any rate,
the agriculturists are, always will
be, a very considerable portion of
Canada; in the.second, that, whon
it ls brought down to facts, the agriculturists can exist, as they did
in the days When there were no
cities, without the products of the
town, although It Jh Impossiblo to
deny ten inter-dependence of market facilities: ln the third, that, unless a tyranny of non-representation ln tho legislative assembly is
to be imposed upon thom, a very
reasonable proportion of tho legislators appointed under the suggested regimo must bo opposed to, or
at any rate Ignorant of the vory
ideals preacheUvby the Communist
Party. /
It Is ln no carping spirit of debut In a spirit of enquiry. To meet,
structlve criticism that I write this,
at the flrst acquaintance with tbe
F. L. P. in Canada, a blank negation such as this ls, to say the
least, discouraging; and It ls ln the
hope that you, air, or one of tho
leaders of thought In the F. L. P.
ln Vancouve^ may expound to me
the intentions of tho party In this
matter tuht I address myself to
I am, yours faithfully,
Paris, Octobor 18.—On motion
of the Communist membor, tho
Municipal Council of Puteaux votod
Ave thousand franco for the Russian relief fund, and an equal a-
mount for the striking textile workers workers ln Northern France.
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Preildent, R. W. Hitler;
Beoretiry, J. G. Smith. MeeU Srd Wed*
neidsy eich month in the Pender Hall,
comer of Pendor sod Howe itreeti.
Phone  Sey, 291,
cil—Meets    aecond    Mondiy    In    tbo
month.    Pretident,  J,   U.   White;   aecre*
tary, R. H. Neciindi, I'. 0. Box 66.
noed  brlcklnyeTB or miione  for boiler
works,   etc.,   or   tnnrblo   letters,   phone
Brlcklayen'  Union,  Lahor Tiiinplo
SERVICE men moeta second and
fourth Wednesdaya of eseh month, at 61
Cordova St W., at 8 p.m. Jai. Pamhatn,
Becrelary-Treitsu ror.
0. B. U.—President, H/Qrand; secretary, 0. 0. Miller. MeeU 2nd and 4th
Wednesday In each month in Pender Hall,
enrnrr of Pender and Howe Street*.
Phone   .Seymour 891.	
Association, Local 88-52—Offlee and
thli, 1.VJ Cordova St. W. Moots flrst
and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, T. Nixon; bialnota agent, P.
Wt mtki Ladies' 0*rm«te
Bight Hm in Vincouver
"-the equal ln style asd smart*
new of any offend fn Canada.
•sne,   SIMMs.   CeaU,   etc—#»
hMst aiyiae  tbo martart nwleli  Is
sa the sew aUit*  oompHfr HaM
Ws sfsr tt«N famesu inw ttaa
•Uatuute atl the middlemen'• prolts.
OImJc ft Suit Oo.
oa BAiTnroa «t,. Met, orurm.
Patronise Fed 'AdverMaerf.
Ll'Ml!KU " W0I-K1.R8'      1NDU8TRIAI,
UNION     OF     CANADA—An     Indoe-
triel    union    of   .11    workere    In    loi,'
Ki_K and eonetruetion eernp.    Coast Die-
•ays Dr. Mayo, ii the gretUSt
thinf that haa come Into the Hit tf
llu preeent.
III Chun at rnwnl. l_nHarte_L
Ltd., MOI Standard Buk
P-iiim:   _ejr. «os    Huh. 210O-
To introdnce tht T7LT1A
to damonstraU IU marrelloin
tfftcU in moat aU caaea ef disease,
we wlU include it is tor lepOas
eourse of treatment
And aa a further inducement tt tto
to test our sUUments, wa vUL
during the months of October and
November, give the entire course al
ire Ml* reduced ratos. An wt havs
the best equipped aaniUnum, and
the only one of lta kind on tht
Pacific Coast, it will pay 70a to
Barristers, Solicitors, JVotarfm
Telephone Sey.  £401
Burns Block,  IS HaxtinKs St. W.
Vancouver, B, O.
trlet and General Headquarters, 81 Oor*
dova St. W.. Vancouver, B. C. Phone Sey.
7856. J. M, Clarke, geaurtl secretary-
treasurer; legal advisors, Messrs. Bmf,
Maedonald A Co., Vancouver, B. C; auditors, lloasrs, Buttar k Chiene, Vaneoaver. B. C.	
n. 0.—Formerly Firemen and Oilers'
Union of Itritph Co tumhia—Meeting
night, first and third Wednosday of eaeh
month nt 108 Main Street. President,
Dan Carlln; vice-president, J. Whiting;
Beeretary.reasurer, Vf. Donaldson. Address. 108 Main Stroet, Vanconver, B. 0.
Victoria Branch Agent's address, W.
Francis, 567 Johnson St., Victoria, B. 0.
muir*, and Pepernangors of America,
Local 138, Vancouver—Meets 2nd and
4th Thursdays at US Cordova St. W.
Phono, Sey. 3191.   Business agent, B. A.
en Bridgemen, Dcrrlckmen and Riggers
of Vancouver and vicinity. Meots every
Monday, 8 p.m., In U. B. U. Hall. 104
Pender St. W. President. W. Tucker;
flnanolal secretary snd business agent, C.
Anderson, Plione Seymour 291,
New Westminster, meets every flrst and
third Friday in the Labor Temple, Royal
Avenue and 7th Street. Engineers supplied. Address SceretsTT, 1040 Hamilton S.reet, New Westminster, B, 0.
Phone 603Y.
Employees,   Pioneer Division,  No.   101
—Meets A. 0. F. Hsll,  Mount Pleasant.
1st and 3rd Mondays at 10.16 a.m. and I
&m. Preaident, F. A, Hoover, 2409 Clarke
rive; recording-secretary, F. B. GriBn,
447—Oth Avenue East; treasurer, E. 8.
Cleveland; financial-secretary and bnsiness agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4308 Dura*
fries Street; olllce corner Prior and Main
Sts.   PUne Fair 36U4R.
MeeU laat Sunday of eaeh month at
2 p.m. Presidont, C..H. Collier; vice-
president, E. H. Oough; secreUry-
treasurer, R. H. Neelands, Bot 66.
B. C-, meets every Tuesday evening
at 8 p.m. In tlio 0. B. U. Hall. 804 Pen*
Her St. W". Secretary, E. Horsburgh, Pender Hall.
of the 0. B. U. meets on the third
Wednesday of every month.    Everybody
Provincial Unions
and Labor Council—l'i..ti tm and
third Wednesdays, Knlgbu of Pythias
Unil, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. President, 0. Slverti; vlce-presldont, R. El-
Holt; secretary-treasurer, E. 8. Wood-
ward, P. 0. Boi 802, Victoria, B. 0.
Council, 0. I*- U. Branches; Prince
Roperr District Fisheries Board, O.B.U.;
Metalliferous Miners' District Board,
O.H.U, Socrcary-treasurer, P. 0. Bo*
217. Princo Buper* PAGE FOUK
thirteenth teak, _«.. _.   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b, p
FBIDAT ,...N_v-mWrlii_____:
Haberdashery Items from
The Great Dick Sale
AMONG the many items offered in this sensational selling event
are some of special import to the smart dresser. Ties, for instance,
are shown in a dazzling array—beautiful stripes and subdued patterns, Persian and Oriental effects—all silk neckwear in latest New
York shapes. One special line that until the sale opened was $2 is
95 cents. Stanfield's "Green Label" Ribbed Underwear, regular $1.75,
is now a dollar. Penman's No. 71 the famous wool-and-cotton wear
—in separate garments, at a dollar. Combinations in fine elastic rib—
the $4 kind—are $2.65. Sox that were 65c are 3 for $1. Soft Fancy
Shirts with French cuffs—values to $2.50, are a dollar.
A wonderful stock of latest Hats
are here, including Stetsons,
Walthausen, Borsalino and others
in newest effects. Also Derbies,
the smartest out,
'A great variety of smart new
Oafs in latest fabrics. The very
finest. Your Cap is here at
Send yonr measurements and
description. AU items sent
post free.
'Yoar momys worth or your money back'
Recognizing   the    psychological ♦suggestion are not yet seen with all
forces that operates >n modern society, and the necessity of the
workers having an understanding
of these forces, Comrade H. Rahim
has written.a little book entitled
"The Psychology of Marxian Socialism." This work is offered for
sale at 50c per copy, and can be ob-,
talned from The Federationist office.
In a preface to this work, Comrade W. A, Pritchard says:
"Psychology, as a science, has
developed only within the last decade. Consequently it can be considered as being (as yet) ln Its Infancy. Much of value has been
written by men eminent in the
scientific world, and much moro
Will undoubtedly yet be writtea
- "The appearance, however, of
thts present publication by my
friend and comrade, H. Rahim, denotes a radical departure ln this
particular line, since so far as can
be ascertained, no attempt has
hitherto been made to treat the
Question in the light of MJarxIsm,
I, e„ from the special standpoint of
the interests of the proletariat.
Buch an attempt, while undoubtedly lacking In many particulars,
.should prove of Inestimable value
to the studious of the working class
burdened with a knowledge of the
gravity of the whole social question
and desirous of using all situations
as levers to effect class consciousness tn the world's workers.
"Th© value of psychological factors in the ever present fight with
the working class, sems to be somehow Instinctively felt by the masters. Certain It is that no apparent opportunity is Ignored By them
In erecting and maintaining Institutions calculated to keop the
workers in mental subjection. The
power at present of the cinema,
the press, etc., for social progress
or social reaction is recognized by
all thinking people. Is a policy,
not publicly4 popular, In the Interest of definite financial and industrial barons desired? Three days
of careful and calculated "news
headlining" In a subsidized press
and, hey presto! that which before
bad been treated with indifference,
or perhaps hostility, ls now conceived as being unalterably in the
Interests of the nation at large.
Such an Instance occurred at the
time of Clemenceau's second rise
to the premiership of France during the late war.
"The propensity to Imitation Innate ln mankind and the power of
their possibilities by many workers
otherwise conscious of their social
"In heralding this work by
native of India, Who has received
some training in the special sciences in his "own" country, and
being aware of the difficulties "our'
language may possess for such an
one, I bespeak at one and the sam*.
time, charity for any literary short*
comings and an attentive and courteous audience for hiB viewpoint,"
In the event of the flrst book
meeting with a ready sale, it is the
intention of Comrade Rahim to
follow it up with another. Quantities of 20 copies or over can be
obtained at the rate of Si>c per copy
postpaid. Single copies, 50c postpaid. The second book, "Conscl*
c.-aness, CIobs Consciousness, Social Consciousness," is ready for
the press, but JU publication will
depend on the manner in which the
flrst book is received,
Doilies Writ of Attachment Against
Russian Representative
(By The Federated Pross.)
(New York Bureau.)
New York.—Justice George V.
Mullan, of the New York Supreme
Court, has set aside tho order
granted about ten {lays ago directing Charles Recht, attorney ln fact
for the Russian government here,
to submit to examination in a suit
brought by M. Wulfsohn & Company, fur dealers, to recover $500,-
000 in furs the firm alleges were
seized by the Soviet government.
Justice Mullan also denied a warrant of attachment, previously issued, against the funds of the
Russian governmont which might
beln the possession of Mr. Recht
as Its attorney,
"I think that is altogether too
far fetched," said the court, ln denying the writ of attachment after
tfr. Recht declared he had never
had any funds of the Russian government in his possession.
The order for examination was
vacated because the action was
brought against "the Russian Social Federated Soviet," which is
not the name of the Russian republic.
Always look up the Fed. advertisers before making purchases.
■»lfr_t,.».tl.|..|   tl|ltlltl|>.tl'»l|M|M|._t..t„|..«.l|M|.,>..t^.,».l«->«.«-.<P-.»-l|..>Mt).l^l'l|l.|.l|l.|M|l.t.lt)ll»^M<.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination League.
MONDAY—Pile Drivers.     .
TUESDAY—Workers' Council.
*p   WEDNESDAY—Trades and Labor Council.
'   SATURDAY-Dance, 9 to 12.
Italian Workers Are a
Unit in the Class
(By Ralph Winstead.) -
(For The Federated Press.)
Chicago. — Francesco Aio, the
veteran Italian Labor organizer of
the Federations Del Lavoratori
Delia Terra (land workers), whom
I interviewed recently, had In his
talk mentioned the atl..ado of the
Italian worKers towards dual unionism. It was so strange that I
thought I had not acquired the full
"Do you mean to say," I asked,
"that unions that are strong enough
on a job to keep off the unorganized workers will allow members
of another union to work with them
without taking out a card in the
dominating union?"
He smiled and said: "It often
happens ln Italy. For the class
feeling is much stronger than the
feeling of sectionalism, as compared with America. Of course,
things are not perfect in Italy.
There are some old prejudices
among the more Ignorant.* The
capitalists have sought to keep
north and south at odds, but this
is being overcome.
"In unionB the big divisions are
caused by differences in methods
of fighting the class war. It Is as
though there were cavalry and Infantry fighting side by side against
the enemy. The main thing is to
And how does it work?'^ I
'Better than you would believe.
Strikes or battles are nearly always called by the Job committees.
When a flght Js on in one job or
one industrj*, it Is the strike committee that has the power to direct
and not the officials. So, suppose
that a shop employed BOO men;
350 might belong to the Confederation and 160 to the Syndicalist union. It would be impossible to use
one union to 'scab' on the other,
for tn the shop committee is minority representation. On the committee would be one syndicalist for
two fcderationlsts. The action
wouid be taken against the boss
and not against each other. It ls
quite simple,
"Of course, there Is occasional
friction. But as a general rule
the shops are either for one union
or the other.
"We are slowly organizing by
Industry. The tendency ts to do
away with craft forms altogether
and unite In industrial unions. But
the shop committee Is the real
basis of the labor movement. Because of them there Is little opposition to the changes in industrial
form, The questions that are
raised arc of efficiency. It is being
recognized that It Is better for the
workers In one industry to be united together than for those of one
craft or of one locality. Many industrial unions have been formed.
More will come.
"The main thing In our country
ls to have a fighting organization.
The fighting organization must use
the shop committee system for
action. The shop committee system with minority representation
and real discipline and spirit make
dual unionism of little advantage
to the boss In any way."
What   about    your    neighbor's
Cut out the above, fill in the amount you are willing1 to
give to the defense of The Federationist, and forward it
along with your contribution to the B. 0. Federationist,
Ltd., 842 Fender Street West, Vancouver, B. 0. The money
will be needed if adequate defense of the paper is to be
Previously acknowledged ....$3.6.59
P. P. Howden £ IM
W. Staples  6.00
S. Lotzkor ......r. :  2.00
W. Dougan - E.OO
A. Padgham  ■  1.00
A Friend  :  1.00
A Friend   6.00
S. Earp   2.00
J, Kintoul  >  1.60
H. Sullivan  ,.:..'. 1.00
Pender hall Sunday meeting 23.40
13. A. Damon '■     2.00
J. C. Blair	
Mrs. H. Campbell •.
W. Little	
W. Turner .
New West. Unit O. B. V	
B. W. Ellis  '.	
Proceeds from Dr. Curry's
Lantern Lecture	
A. Blundell  :.......
Studies in Evolution Begin
IN SPITE of many other attrac-'
tions on Thanksgiving evening,
a good-sized audience heard Dr.
W. J. Curry at the Pender Hall,
compare the two conflicting stories
of the origin of man and the world.
He only very briefly cited the
main conclusions of science on the
subject, as this would be taken up
In its historical order alter the Biblical narrative was examined.
The. speaker showed that the
"God theory" of Creation was ceh-
turies older than the Jews, and
that there was proof that not oply
were many tales of mtrables borrowed from older mythologies, but
thot Jehovah had been the tribal
pn lector of more ancient pejplo,
and through social-economic I'urci's
hsd become the spiritual'war-chief
ami protector of the Israelites, his
"cnoseh p?ople."   ■
The speaker assured his audience
that he wished nlways to deal with
religion in a sympathetic an* scientific manner, and that all elements
(if, truth and all that really stood
tor human propres. would enluiv,
and would be dclcnded .to th*_ het-l
of his ability, (ind he wishM io,
know what other kind of reMvon
was worth ijcserv.ng?
Science is but organized'knowledge, the results of experience, experiments, deductive and- inductive
analysis. According to the "law of
substance," matter is unbeatable,
and cannot be destroyed. The universe is eternal in duration, And Infinite in extent, but from the great
nebular and vast Bystems of suns
nnd planets to the atom and electron, there is eternal motion and
change, while the scientific world
agrees with John Tyndall, who said,.
"I see in matter the potentialities
of all life processes."
Science is the child of the modern
brain, and has only gained Its present position by waging a desperate warfare with organized religion
and the Christian church.
The. speaker then read and Quoted some of the stories of Creation,
as expressed In tho first chapters
of Genesis, and asked the old question, "Where was God? What was
He doing before He made the universe?   What did He make It of?"
According to the Bible, lt was
less than 6000 years sincethe Creation. The third chapter bf Luke's
gospel traces the 70 generations
between "Jesus,the son of Joseph"
(as was supposed), and '.'Adam the
son of God," now 70 generations
even when some of these ancestors
lived over 900 years.
Spiritual Beings Uie Product of
Dreams ■
This is the theory advanced by
science. When primitive man slept
and when In his dream he was
again his friends or enemies, he
believed his Bpirit left his body and
actually realised these experiences;
but he returned to his boat while
the spirits of the dead remained
In these dreams these dead men,
and especially the chiefs) of his
tribe, were more powerful than
when In the flesh. They could operate through lightening, 'tempest,
plague or through beneficent forces
as sunshine, flre or food, and* so to
gain the friendship and protection
of these good spirits, '"burnt offerings," or roasted meat praise and
prayer began, and the evolution of
ritual and priesthood began,
Even Christianity today contains
many elements handed down from
primitive man and hia dream, Gods
and Devils, as described by Grant
Allan in his work, "The Evolution
of the Idea of God."
The speaker showed that these
accounts of Creation were childish
because the product of prlmatlve
man and of a pre-sclentlfic age,
and yet the old book to those who
read with understanding instead of
blind faith, may be a storehouse of
great value, and a source of Inspiration indicating progress,
From the God who cursed man
for eating of the Tree of Knowledge
or the brutal war-chief who commanded Joshua's savage atrocities,
to the God of Isaiah and Jesus,
was an evolution indicating a great
advance on the part of those who
"made their gods in their own Image."
We may have no right to ridicule
the story of the Creation, but we
should, after Centuries of civilization, have reason to be ashamed
'of sending our. children to schools
where their plastic minds may be
filled with savage fancies instead
of facts regarding the problems of
During the question time, the
speaker was asked how it waB, if
the Bible was but the mythology
of Jesus, it still functioned as the
book "to swear by," and was "the
guide of faith and conduct."
The reply was that religion for
the masses had an economic value
to the master clasp. The slave owners* of Egypt, Greece and Rome
supported religion and a priesthood. The text now chiselled in
the pillars of the cathedrals of
Moscow is, "Religion is the opium
of the people," and when people's
minds are doped with fears of hell
and hopes of mansions in the sky,
they will never agree on how to be
happy or have decent conditions of
living here below, and will never
even know the cause of their misery.
Next Monday "The Miracles and
Morals of the Bible" will be the
-Collection in aid of The Federatlonist defence fund,..- '
Illustrations are every evening
thrown on the screen with one ef
Bousch and Lombs1 famous thousand watt, reflectorscopes. Everybody welcome.
Kick Workers of Honolulu
Out  of Their
* Halls
(By George W. Wright.)
(Federated   Press  StaB   Correspondent.)
Honolulu.—Kicked out of their
meeting halls by summary notices
to vacate, the Central Labor Council and eleven unions affllated with
the A.F. of L. have been forced to
seek temporary quarters until relief can be obtained by the erection
of a suitable building on property
not'controlled by the plantation interests or those under the planters' domination.
When the delegates cf the Central Labor Council met at Kame-
hameha Alumni Hall the other
night they found that tho hall had
been cleared of all furniture, their
charters taken from the walls and
the banners and other property
of the different organizations piled
•up in an anteroom. The Council
was forced lo rncet in a small committee room In the rear and there
they received the first notice of
their eviction, together with a bill
for that night's rent. Similar notices have been sent to all labor
organizations meeting in this hall
and the same action has been taken
against those meeting in Carpenters' Hall, the home of all the smaller unions.
This campaign of eviction is understood by all the organizations
to be In retaliation for the stand
taken by labor unions against the
sugar planters' pet scheme for the
Importation of Chinese coolies Into
Hawaii. It is cited as an example
of the tactics to which the sugar
interests have resorted ln their
efforts to coerce labor into an endorsement of the measure now before Congress.
The trustees of the Bishop Estate, who control the property of
the Kamehameha Alumni Association, ,arc among the most Influential of the plantation-missionary
group and are able to exercise what,
amounts to a practical dictatorship
of the industries of the territory,
and they are using this power 'ruthlessly to crush organized labor, reduce wages, and replace citizen
workers with orientals.
The workers, however, are resisting to their utmost. The movement to build a labor temple is
gaining Impetus and everywhere it
is becoming apparent that If labor
expects to hold its ground It must
break down all racial barriers and
reorganize upon an international
International   Union   of
Ex-Service Men Gathers
at Vienna
Salvation   for   Workers
When They Help
(By Olga Misar.)
(Fo The Federated Press.)
Vienna.—"Every reasonable man
must see that war can only end
with the system which caused it
and that therefore our flght must
be against capitalism and imperialism," said Henri Barbusse in his
opening address at the second congress of the International Union
of - Ex-Service Men and War Victims, just held in Vienna,
The congress was composed of
delegates from France, Germany,
Belgium, Italy, England, Switzerland, Czecho-Slovakia, Bulgaria
and Austria, each delegate representing 10,000 members. The sessions were held" in the old town
hall. The Mayor of Vienna received the convention and in his
welcoming address praised Bar-
.buMse who had fought for peace
and Jaures who died for' it.
t The business of the'convention
resolved itself Into three subjects;
the present condition of war victims and former combatants; the
flght against war and militarism,
and the conflict with capitalism.
The congress voted that the Union
of War Victims should take up
antl-milltarlst propaganda, that It
against all wars offensive or defensive, and that' it should be ready
In case of mobilization to oppose
war by the most radical means
and* to act In concert wltfi organized workers.
.On the first evening of the congress a great public meeting was
held In the town hail. Thousands
of people thronged the hall and
stood in.masses outside of it. They
had come chiefly to see'Barbusse,
and it was touching, to note. the
boundless confidence .with which
they looked up Into his face.and
listened to his-words In a language
In which most of them could not
understand. Their suffering, careworn faces aU expressed the hope
that he would help somehow.
Barbusse spoke to them in the
hall and,outside In the square. He
"I am only giving a voice to
your own thoughts and am as
deeply moved as you ore. But salvation will only come when you
and all working peoplo have learned to help yourselves."
Barbusse, who is the author of
"Under Fire" and "Light," is also
founder of the Union of Ex-Service Men. Believing that tho men
who suffered most from the war
were the ones who would work
most energetically against a repetition of such a catastrophe and
would unite their effoffrts Vith
those .of the working classes, Barbusse organized aru International
movement apart from political
parties, which has found enthusiastic support from the ex-soldiers
of all countries.
The first congress was held In
Geneva last year.
T. A. Barnard Gave the
Workers a Few Facts
Last Sunday
Successful meetings have been
since last week In support of the
candidature of Tom Richardson,
Labor Party candidate for Vancouver South, at Marpole, whore Mrs.
T. A. Barnard, New Westminster;
Pr. W. J. Curry and Tom Richardson were the speakers, At West
Point Grey, Mrs. Lorimer, C. S.
Cassldy all spoke along the lines
laid down by the Labor Party platform.
An excellent meeting was again
held at Dreamland last Sunday
evening. Comrade R. C. Higgins,
of New Westminster, was chairman
and in his opening remarks, gave
an Interesting account of the origin of our present system of currency and banking, but advised the
audience that the currency was
only one of the "blessings" of capitalism, and If the workers wanted
to get rid of the system of production for proflt, It could be done by
intelligent effort by the whole of
the working' class.
T. A. Barnard, of Nanaimo, in
his 'address, pointed out a few facts
ln the cry of our ruling class politicians for more prosperity, tariffs,
etc., that none of theae things were
o'f any permanent beneflt to the
workers. The return to normalcy
waa impossible under capitalist
production, All attempts to solve
the unemployment problem, together with other economic questions
connected with lt, aro nothing but
wasted effort under our present social system. The fault of the present choatlc state lay not with the
capitalists, lf the workers would so
direet their intelligence towards
the ending of the system of capitalism; and inaugurate a system of
production for use only, therein'
lay the way to their emancipation.
The rally wae a huge success,
over 100 adults being present, A
first class concert, refreshments
and a dance, at which the orchestra of tho Junior Labor League
provided the music, was an excellent evening's entertainment. The
campaign committee at their last
meeting, tendered votes of thanks
to the Civic Employees for their
donation of $60 and the Sheet Metal Workers for their donation of
$10. Other good meetings were
held at Colllngwood Picture House
Tuesday evening, and on Wednesday at McKenzie school. At both
these meetings the candidate was
nutated by Mrs. Lorimer and Mrs,
Special Sale of
VALUES TO «*_•>■    O«_"_
$10.00...,  jp *__*. oO
VALUES TO . 4t_e_ oe*
ta too «p OtOO
H, VALUES TO ____ Qt_\
$12,00  «J> OiOO
$18,50    Jp  f,00
| jsF"     The Hen's and Boys' Shoe Specialists.
Men's Overcoat
Prices Smashed
— ■■——■■■■I      I       "l , - | ,,■— —■■! . |      .__—_—^—,—_■
200 Brand New Overcoats That Have Been Belling for
$27.60 and $32.50, Cut to
While They Last
Regular $27.50 and $32,60
DV lift Alf I Tn  137 Hastinff> stwet w
• J\e Dl/UI*> LIU.     Vancouver, B. 0.
Contractors Swear That
Horton Charges Are
Some time ago a letter was received by the Vancouver General
Workers' Unit of the O. B. U. In
which J. Mclnnis waB charged with
attempting to "reduce carpenters'
wages. Thi? Mr. Mclnnis denied,
and the denial was published ln the
Federationist. Mr. Mclnnis has requested the publication of the following affidavit so that his position
will be clearly defined:
In the mntter of the allegations
mado about my endeavors to
cut wages in the letter written
•tby Ed Horton under date of
June 29, 1921, to the secrtary
of the O, B. U,, Vancouver,
We, A. P. Anderson ond John
Gaul, contractors* both of the City
of Prince George,'In the Province
of British Columbia do solemnly
declare that we are atl personally
acquainted with one Jdhn Mclnnis, contractor, of the city of
Prince George, B. C.
That we, the declarants, are
each and all contractors in the
City of Prince George, B. C.
That we, the declarants, have
each separately read a copy of the
letter, stated to have been sent to
tho Secy, of the O. B. U. „by one
Ed. Horton, In which he states that
John Mclnnia, contractor, approached us other contractors, to
have all mon thrown out, and to
reduce their wages, once last fall
and again in June, 1921,
That we, the declarants, know
nothing whatever about any such
action taken *by Mr. Mclnnis, and
that he did not approach us, either
separately or collectively with any
such suggestion or proposition, and
that in our opinion the Btatement
as contained ln the above letter Is
a deliberate falsehood, and very
unfair to Mr. Mclnnis.
And we make this solemn declaration conscientiously believing it
to be true and knowing tbat it ls
of the same force and effects as if
made under oath, and by virtue of
the Canada Evidence Act.
Dated before me at the City of
Frince George, in the Province of
British Columbia, this 18th day of
August, A.D. 1921, T. J, Shearer, a
Notary Public In and for the Province of British Columbia,
York Volkszeitung and a lai
group of American workers.
Amalgamated Clothing Workers
America contributed 2,000 coo
2,000 pairs of trousers,.and soi
tailoring machinery. Their shi
in this cargo amounts to aim*
The first shipload ot relief si
piles sent by the American Fed
ated Russian Relief Commit
left Philadelphia on the steams!
Magnus, of the Susquehanna Ll
on October 16^ bound for Peti
grad. [.  *
The international Ladies' Gi
ment Workers' Union and the Ft
Tiers* Union are among the otl
organizations which are straini
every nerve to assist the commit!
in collecting money and suppl
for the famine sufferers. The
L. G. W. U., at a recent conferer
of all the New Tork locals, vol
half a day's pay for tho relief fui
despite the slack conditions ln 1
trade, and the Furriers' Unio
7,000 members here — althou
they are Just recovering from
prolonged strike—are giving th
pay checks for-four hours'
to their joint board for famine
Lincoln Steffens Is executive s
retary in charge of the work
the Famine Relief Committee, v
offices at 47 West Forty-Sect
Street. , The committee is co-op
atlng w_Jh the Russian Red Cn
through wlch its supplies aro.
Freah Routed Coffee Dally]
Teas and Coffee, 3 lbs. for I
and up.
Second   Cargo    Leaves
New York for
(By The Federated Press) ,
(IJow Tork Bureau)
,_N«w Tork.—One hundred thousand dollars' worth of condensed
milk, beans, meats, cocoa and
clothing was aboard the steamship
Elsasier, of the Belgian Line, when
lt sailed October 25 with the second cargo of relief supplies for the
famine sufferers of Russia. The
supplies Were furnished by the
American Federated Russian Relief Committee, representing the
Friends of Soviet Russia, the New
Corse. The speakers at Dreamland
next Sunday will be Mrs, Corse
and Comrade A, Molnncss.
A whist drive with refreshments
and a dance will be held at 148
Cordova street west, Saturday flrst,
Good Eyesight
Is an Asset
To hold "a man's job" these dayi
required every faculty In iu moil
efficient atate. Poor eyesight la f
distinct handicap. It ls not juat j
matter of seeing plainly, hut ol
seeing without unnecessary atrainL
I make a specialty of correcting
optical defects, with properly ad]
justed glasses at very moderatl
charges. ■
Bluer Loutlt Ltd.
(Opposite Pantages Theatre)
The Oliver Door
Everything Modem
Rates Reasonable
Auto-Knitting Machin
Lessons Given.   Socks Refootef
123 Gore Atc. Vancouver, B.j
H. Walton
Specialist  In   Electrical  Treatment*
Violet Ray and High  Frequency :
Rheumatism, Sciatica, Lumbago, P..
alysla, Hair   and   Scalp   Treatment*
Chronic Ailments.
i Phont Seymonr 2018
198 Hastings Stntt Wait


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