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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 27, 1919

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Array *-■ ailHI
•■•■*■•■■ r	
(to«£w™') $1-60PER YEAR ,
. C. Loggers Ready to Get Into General Strike—
$500 for 0. B. U., $100 for Central Strike Fund-
May Have General Strike to Enforce
Eight-hour Day
On Sunday all tne members in
[own were desirous of attending the
pass nieeting in the Arena, and con*
[oquently the only business transacted was to instruct Delogate Eeane
rho was at Courtonay in connection
nth the itrike at the camps of the
lomox Logging Co. to pull oft the
Jobs all the men who had any union
Irinciplcs, and to brand any othors
is  scabs.    Tho  meeting then  adjourned until Monday afternoon.  A
lorrespondence committee was elect*
Id to pass upon communications to
lie placed before the meotlngs, it being understood that tho appointment
\t this committeo did not usurp the
light of any niember of the organisation to full knowledge of the business of the union.   An attompt to
■lace ♦500 of the funds into the
lands of a committee of four, was
lefeated on the grounds that the
\nly place for the funds was in the
tanking account of the organization,
[in advance of (500 made to tho
Jiecutivo of the 0. B. U. was approved, and a donation of $100 was
pade to the central strike fund.
Hon literature Held Up
J It was reported that further eon-
tgnments of literature of an educational nature were held up by the
fovernnicnt officials. Action has
Icen taken through the legal advia-
Irs to render such assistance as possible to fellow worker Pritchard,
Jrho had recontly been appointed by
■ur democratic government to a position of distinction in Stoney Moun-
am penitentiary near Winnipeg.
Knowledge la DangerouB
Tho "forces that bo" gave as tho
leason for thcir action that Pritch-
krd was possessed of too much knowledge.   Even in these days of free-
pom and domocracy, In which we are
tepeatodly informed by those who
bught to know, that  society  haB
Teat-hod   its   highest   development,
"knowledge la dangerouB" to some-
However, those who dare to
hope for something better even than
■the present system have an idea that
|tho trnth will out.
The aetion of the government in
larreBting Labor officials who wcro
carrying   out   the   instructions   of
those who elected them, and that
during an open struggle between em*
Will Not Take Any Part
in Proposed Victory
Tho jingoes of Australia are arranging great demonstrations to
celebrate tho Allied victory in the
rorld war and aa part of the scheme
havo invited labor to participate. In
every known ease to dato labor haa
refused to be a party to tho unholy
buainess of colebrating a victory
that cost so much loss and suffering
' I the working class.
Tho following motion recontly
lassed by tho Labor Council of New
lonth Wales typifies the attitude of
Australian labor: "Wo rof ubo to
*ke any part whatever in the vie-
ny celebration, bolieving that the
toney should bo expended in aome
audable direction such aa building*
tomes for soldiors, etc. Furthermore
ipart from the wasto ef monoy, we
efuse to assist in celebrating some-
Ung whioh entailed tho slaughter
>f 15,000,000 lives, which were sne*
iBccd on the altars ef capitalism
reed and avarice."
.ommodious Building for
Use of New and Growing Organiaztion
The    ex-Soldiers'    and    Sailors'
labor Council of   Vancouvor   has
loved into new   and   commodious
uarters this weok.   The  placo  iB
ne formerly occupied by tho Long*
loremen's Auxiliary and known as
iox Church, 152 Cordova   Streot
aat.   Tho hall ia centrally locatod
nd has a large auditorium and sev*
ml smaller rooms which   will   be
sod as offices, moeting and   rend*
ng rooms.    Tho council will hold
ta   Sunday   afternoon   propaganda
lootings in 'this hall, commencing
ext   Sunday,   and   will   continue
hem thore until further notice.
The council hopes to be able to
ut a pool and some card tables in
he hall in the vory noar future. All
inds of good rending matter will
ie on hand in tho reading room and
; is hoped that the  workers will
nako good uso of this room.
The hall is not  completely  fur*
ishod, but the council   hopes   te
btain enough funds from various
■ourcos to properly furnish it,   Tho
nembership is increasing and a big
"growth is looked forwnrd to in the
very   near   future.    The   business
Bettings of the council   are   hold
every Monday evening and ovory
•xservice man is given an hearty
invitation to attend.
rking of Soviet money fer
purposes, how. mueh did the
biteraatjonal Banking Trust pay
out for ita campaign of lies and
-    Ttt!
ployer add worker, has placed the
government barefacedly on the side
of the employers and Labor en
masse must accept the challenge,
Beady to Join ln Strike
By authority of the available
membership and in conformity with
views expressed by members In
camp, tho central strike committee
at tho mass meeting in the Arena
on Tuesday wore notified that when
the committee so desired, the Loggers were prepared to take an active
part in tho light. The mass meeting
decided that failing a satisfactory
settlement of the strike by Friday,
that the Loggers be called upon to
support the other Labor organizations.
Princo Oeorge Loggen Winning
Prince Qeorge district reports
many of thc camps are coming
through with tho 8-hour day, and an
increase of wages, and a general
clean-up of the bunk houses is being
effected. The members on strike are
standing solid for their full demands
with every indication of getting
Princeton men and those off the
West Kootenay powor line are keeping tho jobs closed tight, and there
is great possibility that the genoral
meeting will declare for a general
strike if necessary to get the 8-hour
day put into operation in all logging
and construction camps throughout
tho Provinco.
"Undercurrent of the General Strike" Is Next
Sunday's Subject
No strike every took place which
did not uncover something worth recording, and with Western Canada
in ono big tie-up Lestor should have
enougn to draw upon, Members of
the "Citizens' League" who might
have been present last Bunday would
receive a number of jolts to their
mentality which might induce them
to do somo sane thinking. They
are cordially invited to next Sunday's meeting.
Tho arrest of J. S. Woodsworth at
Winnipeg was discussed at last
Tuesday'a meeting of tho Federated
Labor Party, when it was felt that
his cnso would be well looked after
by Winnipeg comrades. Thore wos
a disposition akin to tho humorous
among tho membership, and tho following telegram wus forwarded:
"Mr. J. 8. Woodsworth, care of
Controller Puttee, City Hall, Winnipeg: Congratulations on your martyrdom.   Hop© you deserved it."
Although the foolishness of tho
government's action is the outstanding comment upon tho Winnipeg arrests, no aspect of the case is
being overlooked.
E. T. Kingsley addressed a meoting in Calgary on Sunday last. Reports of his pilgrimago through thc
Crow and Southern Alberta are of
tho most encouraging nature.
2% Cents Per Hour From
June 1—Makes Total
5</2 Cents
I have iuvostigated the eost of
living in British Columbia and particularly in tho area affected by thc
shipbuilding industry, and have
compared the figures for the month
of February and for tho month of
May, as contained in tho Labor Oasette, in order to arrive at the
amount of increaso, if any, to bo
added to tho wages of employees
govorncd by tho agreement referred
to above,
I find that the cost of living in
the cities of Vancouvor, Victoria
and New Westminster combined, as
shown by the Labor Gazette,
amounted for the month of February to $21,357, and for the month
of May $22,052, showing an increase
of ,695 or 70c per week. Dividing
this by 41 hours, which is tho ordinary working weok in the shipbuilding yards, would show an increase of LO cents per hour.
Aa tho articles enumerated in the
Labor Gazette do not Includo all
tho necessaries of life, I have
further investigated the increase in
the prices of clothing and other necessities, and find that such in-.
creases will be met by a further increase of 1.1 conts per hour to thc
wagos, which in addition to the 1.0
cents per hour referred to above,
makes a total of 2% cents por hour
increase in tho wages of all employees covorod by tho abovo agreement, such increase to be effective
os from Juno 1, 1919.
The Robertson Agreement became
effective on June 1, 1918, and the
quarterly wago adjustments made
during the yeur, in accordance with
Clauso 15, show tho following result:
Sept. 1, 1918, 2c per hour increase.
Dec. 1, 1918, 2-y,c per hr. increase.
March 1, 1919, 2c per hr. decrease.
June 1,1919, 8%c per hr. increase.
This shows at tho prosent time an
increaso of 5Vj« per hour over and
above the original wage scalo pro
Tided jn the agreemont.
Employers' Association Puts Further Obstacles in Way of
Local Settlement—Workers Take Exception to Programme of Strike Committee—Arena Meeting to
Decide Future Action—Strikers Not "Led"
Trades Council Quickly Disposes of Business—Milt
tary Control of Winnipeg Hay Account for
Lack of News—Council Interested
Only in Strike
Lut night's meeting of the
Trndes Council was shorter thsn the
previous week, whieh wm considered the shortest on record. The
strike is the only thing thst is being considered by the workert these
days, snd this attitude wss reflected in the meeting laat night, tho
council adjourning st 8.30 sf ter hslf
sn hour's session. Communications
were read re W, A, Pritchard, who
wsa srrested in Calgary on some
charge or other, the charge not being of sny importance so long as he
was arretted. The council wat notified that fundi were being raised
for his defence. On a recommends*
tion by the eiecutive, legal advico
it to be secured by the council ss to
the institution of libel suits against
tho Province and ths Vancouver
Under the head of "reports of
unions," Del. Millard reported that
he had interviewed Capt. Nicholson,
and he had been told that the sailors could return on the old conditions before the negotiations had
beon itarted regarding a new wsge
scale, which hsd boen interrupted
by the strike.
The Longshoremen reported thst
at s meeting it wss decided to atand
pat. the Butchers also reporting that
their organization wss still standing
firm. At this point Del. Kavanagh
stated that he did not think that
the reports which are now being
made ahould bo brought to the coun-
Financiers  Want  It  in
Order to Exploit Whole
Human Race
The "one big union" idea is
spreading. ItB latest advocates are
Henry P. Davison of the Morgan
firm snd Prank A, Vanderlip of the
Bockefeller banking interests.
These gentlemen .have, beep to
Europe. They havo seen famine,
disease, snd unemployment blackening the lives of hundreds of millions. They have seen chaos yawning before civilization. Also thoy
have scon a supreme opportunity
for the business men of tho United
Statos to mako their pile. The
world cries aloud to Mr. America.
America must Bave tho world. Howl
Theso financial experts answer:
"Through ono big corporation."
Ono big corporation, backed by tho
government, run by the bankers
snd utilized by tho business men to
feed, clothe and reconstruct Europe,
ull at a handsome profit.
Under ordinary circumstances
these gentlemen are quito satisfied
with the disorganization and inefficiency of private business. Now,
howover, in the face of a supremo
crisis, thero is but one way out—
For the bankers, one big corporation; for tho workers, ono big
oil meetings, but to the striko meet
Sneaking si to the interview at
the Civic Employees with the Mayoi
Del. Kavansgh itated that it wsi
evident thst some people hsd got
tho idea that the workera in Win
nipeg snd Vaneonver were defeat)
od. He referred to the conflietii|
press reports, and itated that tht
military wai ln control in Winnipe]
and that he was of the opinion thai
reports from thst eity were held upi
A question waa asked if sn)
furthor news hsd been received from
Winnipeg sinco the wire confirminj
the calling off of the itrike. Del
Kavanagh replied that there hai
been none, He itated, however, thai
ho waa of the opinion that a atrike
bulletin had been issued aa reported
calling off the strike in that city,
but that there wai s split in the
Dol. Wells statod that it muat bt
understood thst if the military wert
in control in Winnipeg, that they
were in much the same position at
they were iu France during tho wsr,
snd thst only such nows si they
desired would come through.
The secretary of the Hotel tnd
Bestaurant Employees announced
that the Citizens' Club was. on tht
unfair list. A communication froo
tho Fishermen's Union wsa rs*
ferred to the B. C. Federttion ol
Labor. A delegate raised the question of fees for high school pupilf
which had been proposod by ths
school board, and it waa suggested
that the matter be taken up by tbe
committeo which was appointod
some time ago to deal with other
matters affecting the schools, but
which, owing to the strike, did not
get down, to the business referred
to it. There being no further buiineu, the council adjourned aa si-
ready stated, st 8.30.
Sunning Trades Notice
A moeting of yardmen, trainmen
and firemen of the Bunning Trades
will be held in tho Loggers Hall, 01
Cordovs Street West st 8 o'clock
this (Friday) evoning.
Talking about ballot boxes, how
many times has Big Busineu stuffed the ballot box, and what about
the polling booths thst were not
The strike continued in Vancouver this week without any
break in the ranks. In fact, the number on strike increased
day by day, and there was every indication that it would have
continued to spread and cover more industries and cities had
the news as to the settlement in Winnipeg not arrived. That
a settlement has been arrived at is now disputed. The running
trades, the metal trades and many others have not gone back to
work, and evidently do not intend to do. On confirmation of
the press reports as to the calling off of the strike by the strike
committee of Winnipeg being received by thc local strike com*
mittee, it was decided that if there was no discrimination, that
the strike would cease in Vancouver at 12 o'clock noon on
Friday. Thc possibility of this programme being carried out,
however, has been eliminated by the action of thc City Council,
which determined that it would not recognize the Civic Employees' Union. At the mass meeting of the strikers in the
Labor Temple on Thursday morning, the action of the strike
committee in calling off the strike if there was no discrimination was very much criticized, thc meeting taking the stand
that there should be no return to work until the arrested men
who are now waiting trial at Winnipeg arc released. It was
then decided that in order to give all thc men a chance to vote
on the question of a return to work, that a meeting would be
held in the Arena at 10 a.m. Friday. The action of the City
Council, however, has precluded all possibility of thc strike
being called off at this time.- Thc men havo all through the
strike stated that there should be no return to work until it
was assured that there would be no discrimination. The City
Council has thrown down thc gauntlet, and has decided to discriminate, and the strike will continue until such time as all
the men are reinstated, The onus of the continuance of the
strike now rests with the City Council. A second meeting was
held in the Labor Temple yesterday afternoon, and the holding
of the Arena meeting so that a ballot could b taken was approved.
Tuesday afternoon a mass meeting was held in thc Arena and
all doubts set at rest aB to whether thc men were running the
strike or not. There was thc usual reports of the committee
and then the meeting was thrown open to all, and after some
little discussion, a motion was made that thc policy should be
onc of stand pat. This was adopted without any material opposition. The statement so often made that thc strike committee have been leaders was settled for all time at both the
Arena meeting, and at the meeting in tho Temple yesterday, and
no matter what the outcome of this morning's meeting is, thc
fact remains that in so far as Vancouver iB concerned, the work-
irs do things themselves, and will not be led by anybody.
Full details ns to tho situation in Winnipeg are not yet to
hand, but press dispatches would indicate that thc Provincial
Government has appointed a commission to inquire inrf the
causes of the strike. Thc usual mud-slinging has been carried
on by the so-called law and order crowd during the week. Insulting references have been made as to the members of organized labor who came from the old land, and the usual dig-
tortion as to the reason for the strike has been continued; but
the fact remains that in no instance have thc workers broken
the law. That the present strike was engineered by thc employing interests is evidenced by th nation-wide campaign of
vilification of the labor movement that is being carried on, but
instead of this being any detriment to the workers it has added
tb their strength, as it has shown, them that behind the action
of the government, and the Winnipeg employers there is the
large financial interests at work.
That thc strike is not to end with thc settlement of the Win
nipeg trouble is evidenced by thc following letter that has been
sent to thc different employers by the B. C. Employers' Association :
"Dear Sir,—At a luncheon meeting of the members
on Wednesday, June 25, a resolution was unanimously
adopted recommending to all members the following
"1. That we refuse to recognize thc strike committee.
"2. That wc will not discharge members of our
present staffs taken on prior lo or during the strike.
"3. That all union men who broke thcir agreements
by going out on Btrike must admit the same on being
taken back.
"4. That every precaution should bc taken to guard
against employing undesirable men.
"5. That when employers arc recognizing union
obligations thc following points should bc kept in mind:
(a) It is desirable to support those men who have retained thcir affiliations with unions in good standing
with tho internationals, (b) That under no circumstances do wc recognize affiliations with the so-called
; 0. B. U.
"Yours truly,
"Employers Association of B. C,
"N. G. NEILL."
The members of thc executive of this organization arc as
fallows: President, E. C. Knight, Vancouver Lumber Company,
Limited; vice-president, J. B. Duncan, Vulcan Iron Works,
Limited | executive members, E. 11. Bcazloy, Union Steamship
Company; T. E. Burke, Wallace Fisheries, Limited; J. J. Coughlan, Jr., J. Coughlan & Sons; W. Oalton, Mainland Transfer
Company; Eric W. Hamber, British Columbia Mills Timber aud
Trading Company; Geo. Kidd, B. C. Electric Railway Company;
Norman Lang, Powell Biver Company, Limited; W. II. Malkin,
W. Ii. Malkin Company, Limited; J. 1). McNeill, McNeill, Wolch
& Wilson, Limited; F. W. Peters, C. P. B; W. Blake Wilson,
P. Burns, Limited; Geo. W. Woostcr, Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting and Power Company.
With thc above on thc executive of the employers' association,
representing as they do the many firms whose men struck, and
taking thc action outlined by this organization, there is little
prospect of thc local situation being settled, and instead of Winnipeg being the centre of thc fight, it may be Vancouver. Thi.-*.
-how-war. rents on tbe omulovers and the Citv CouncU.
Convention of State Federation of Labor Authorizes New Move
Beilingham. — Industrial unionism
ns opposed to craft unionism carried
in tho Stato Federation of Labor
Tho convention adopted by a
heavy majority a resolution intro*
duced by Harry Wright, Taeoma
longshore mnn, calling for a referendum voto of membership on thc proposal of reorganisation along "ono
big union" lines.
Wright, taking (he floor, asserted
lhat he was "not a secessionist."
"1 want reorganization to tnke
place in an orderly way and within
thc ranks of the federation," ho
"There is o plane for so-called
radicals aud conservatives in the labor movement, but there is no place
for reactionaries," ho declared.
The voto was by roll call.
The resolution also carries a clause
providing thnt the result of tlio voto
be determined by the majority of
the numerical strength of thc federation membership, givo big shipyard unions of Seattle and Taeoma
a tremendous advantage in the final
British Government Has
Isolated Isbnd for
Tho Australian governmont in
busy arresting and deporting men
who are described by tbe press as
being "actively engaged os Bolshevist propagandists. So far its activities has only been against men of
foreign birth hut now it seems tbat
tho government has found that this
kind of propaganda is being taught
on a far grenter scale by Britiih
subjects than by foreignors and it
is tho intention of the government
to round up these also.
It is stated somewhat mysteriously, thnt "persons deported in the
circumstances detailed above are being sent to territory set apart by
the British government for the interment of Bolsheviks and other
rebels. It is understood that some
Austrnlian subjects who were deported during tho war period aw
still there in detention. Whoro this
territory is is not stated, but it U
apparently not in Australia,
Will No Doubt Be Able ta
Draw Parallels from
History i
Jack Harrington is to be the
speaker nt Sundny night's meeting
at the Empress. The S. P. of 0.
ut all times deals with everyday
problems from thc working class
and socialistic viewpoint, treating
uot offect but causes. Jack Harrington, who is looked upon as one oi
tho best pouted men on history on
the American continent, will doubt*
less bo able to draw some parallels
between the present situation and
lubor troubles thut have succeeded
At a late hour last night word was received from
Winnipeg to the effect that ail railroad workers, including the Running Trades, were still out and standing firm. PAGE TWO
eleventh YEAB.. No. m     THE BRITISH COttHKBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. o.
_._JiMie 27, 1911
Arnold & Quigley's
Clark's Fork and Beam, 3 for.' 25e
Sartinefl. 8 lot ™  SSe
Try's Cocoa,  a  for ..._._.„....„ 4So
■rowan's Cocoa, 2 for ........ ..46e
Slater's Tea,  lb.    „.....46o
Aunt Dinah Molasses, No,  5 tins.
Regular  50c,   Saturday    AfiJo
only  y
Finest  Compound Lard.    Regular
85c lb., Saturdar only.    65.6
2 lba. for ....  ™        r
Limit 4 lba.
Finest Dairy Butter, lb.  „......5Ba
Finest Alberta Creamery, lb. —...65s
Finest Alberta Fresh' Egg*, doz.....60o
Clark's    Pork    end   Beans,   No.   3
Finest Peas, tin 	
Solid Pack Tomatoes, tin  „ 20a
Finest Peaches,  large tins  36o
Egg-o Baking Powder, tin ...„ 25c
Malkin'n Best Tea, lb SSe
Buttercup Milk, 3 for   .....„u.35c
Jellies, all kinds, 3 for - .......SOo
Breakfast Food,  5-lb.  sacks ...46c
Cream  of  Wheat  _ 2Sfl
Com Flakes, 2 for  ...26c
Vinegar,  bottle  „ l6o
Empress Climax Vinegar, full jug 86a
RnmBoy'a Sodas  „_ -..,..26c
Bird's Custard, 2 for   SSo
McLaren's Custard, 2 for ..._.........30o
Pumpkin j, is*
Slater's Sliced Streaky Baron, lb. Me
Slater's. Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. SSe
Slater's Sliced Boneless Roll, lb 4Se
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire, lb ffffe
No. 1 Steer Pot Roast, lb 25c
No. 1 Steer Boiling Boot, lb 23C
Legs  of Lamb,  lb.  _.- **. 36o
Shoulders Lamb, lb „_ 27V»o
Loins of Lamb, lb - 29>/ac
Stew Lamb,  lb 26c
Fork  Sausage,  lb 36c
Beef Sausage, lb. 20c
Finest Salt Fork, lb  41 Vic
Finest Beet Fat, lb.  26e
No.  1  Fork  Shoulders-
Shank End, par 29%-^
BmsTEnSTpMr SZ\_*t
lb,.,..t~i"i'——— -rt i- -rn» '**•
Whole Shoulders, per   29l/>*£
Three Big Stores
Phone Soy. 32(2
Phone Sojr. 868
Phone Fair. 1683
18 & 20 Cordova St. West
Is well stocked with all kinds of Clothing and
Furnishings—Boots and Shoes for Men.
Men'* Working Sox
from 25 f ap
Balbriggan Underwear
$1.00 per suit
- Negligee Shirta f 1.25 up
Men's Union-made
Overall* $1.75 up
Men'a Union-made
FanU $6.00 pair
Merino Underwear
$2.50 per suit
Stanfield's Underwear
$3.50 suit up
Union-made Work
Gloves f 1.50 pair
Working Shirts
$1.00 each
This is the time to
buy a Wheel. We have
a full stock of Bicycles and supplies. Repair work done by experts.
W. H. Morrison
108 Hastings Street East    Vancourer, B. C.
Agent for Massey Harris and Indian Bicycles.
who buys shoes at, Goodwin 'a can count on these
special points.
The most carefully selected models and last* in th*
A choice of notable union
make* to select from.
An exacting lit, and fhe
lowest prices honest shoes of
superior quality can possibly be aold for.
Goodwin Shoe Co.
Demands Repeal of War-
Times Election Act at
Sunday Meeting
: Tho enthusiasm displayed at the
Columbia meeting on Stiuc&y ovoning left no room for doubt ns to tho
general feeling on tho present indusV
trial and political situation." It
reached its climax when, about halfway through the proceedings, a report wus brought in that tho Italian
government hail fallen and that a
Soviet government waa to take its
place* Even as a possibility, this
sufficed to rouso the audienco to a
white heat; /ind tho,thundertws"ap-
piuuR? resounded through the then
tro uguin and again.
At the commencement of the moot'
ing, Stewurd J. B. Moffat, of tho
Makura, appeared beforo tho audience lo repudiate a suggestion in the
morning paper that tlio crew woro
going to bo reduced to submission by
starvation; on the contrary, ho stated, "the cargo's still on board, and
it's not going to get ashore. Wo aro
with you to tho end." This declaration was heartily applauded; bb
wus ulso Secrotary McMillan's announcement that, on tho arrest of
Ivons at Winnipeg, Comrade WoodB-
worth had "stepped right into tho
Another ovent of tho meeting waB
the onthusiastic adoption of the following resolution, passod by a unanimous vote:
'' Whereas, the presont fiation
wide unrost is undoubtedly of a poll
tical rather than of an industrial nature; and whereas, the present government apparently fails' to grasp
the true significance of events, and
ony blunders from ono display of
force to another, as evidenced in recent labor arrests; and whereas,
clear-thinking people understand
fully that force is no romedy; this
meeting of Vancouver citizens, held
under the auspices of the Federated
Labor Party, calls upon the government to immediately ropeal the infamous War-times Eloction Apt, to introduce and make effective tho full
enfranchisement of women, and by
means of a general election ref or to
the peoplo of the Dominion the questions awaiting settlement."
Copies of this resolution to be sent
to tho government and to the press.
The speaker of the evening was
Dr. W. J. Curry, and his subject was
The Class That Stands for Law
and Order."
Chairman J. W. Hogg remarked
that during the,last few woeks, they
had had a sample of tho kind of law
and ordor tho other class stood for.
Having vainly tried to incite the
Winnipeg workers to riot, thoy had
at last started somothing themsolves.
Dr. Curry said there was evidence
of madness on every side, so far as
the master class was concorned; it
wafl^p to the working class to tako
up iho falling sceptre of power and
lead humanity on to happiness and
true prosperity. Thoy wero tho only
class that had ever stood for law
and ordor in the world. If the ruling class had their way, this civilization would go down to destruction; they were opposing with all
thoir power the forces of evolution,
tho only forces that would save the
Tho spoakor, as a "foreigner,"
felt rathor proud, at the moment, of
his native land, Nova Scotia, since
the miners of Cape Breton ha-d sent
to the minister of Labor at Ottawa
a telegram of indignation and contempt at tho government "sneak-
thiof" methods in arresting tho
Winnipeg comrades; the men pledged themselves to do everything in
their power with a viow to a general strike throughout the Dominion.
Dr. Curry asked thoso in favor of
thia resolution to show hands, and
the response was unanimous.
Whilo condemning the Btate of affairs, however, the speaker recognized that "thero is actually nobody
to blame; there are adequato causes
for everything everybody does; people are only what conditions make
thom." The trouble lay in not understanding. The classes had antagonistic interests; and it was utterly
absurd to talk of harmonizing labor
and capital. The lion and the lamb
would nover bo friends. "We, who
are determined to abolish this class
antagonism, alone stand for peace
and for law and for order.    (Ap-
filause.)    We stand for the law of
ife and of true dovelopment."
Humanity is all right," continued tho speaker. Why thon this systom of exploitation and resulting
chnosf It wus because thoy had not
lenrned to harness tho forces of nature in the goneral interests of humanity, but in the interests of a parasite class who would live, not by
working, but by owning. Tho interests of that class demanded the acceleration of industrial dovolopment,
but at tho same time> the suppression
of genoral intelligence and understanding of tho systom. In the
schools, and in the press, tho basic
truths of human development had
beon suppressed. "Wo havo arrived at the last, and perhaps the most
infamous, form of human slavery."
Why couldn't capitalism go ont
wus a question sometimes asked. The
speaker proceeded to explain that,
by tho introduction of machinery,
the productivity of industry was
ever-increasing; and, as tho workors
only got enough of the product for
thcir sustenance, the surplus value
boeame ever moro and moro, resulting in a glutted market and consequent unemployment. Tho entrance
of Japan, China and India into the
world's markets, with tho cheap
labor of thoir population of 800,000,-
000, had aggravated tho situation;
hence this crisis. The systom of
capitalism must pass away and givo
placo to the co-operativo commonwealth.
With regard to Bolshevism, the
speaker said: "The capitalist press
is lying day and night about the
peoplo of Bussia and the Soviot government." Why was it that tho* British, French and American government! were sending forcos to slaughter thoso working people! It was
becauso the progress of tho Bolshevik movement meant simply the
overthrow of the capitalist systom,
and the ushering in of the industrial
domocracy. For one thing, the Boi*
shevists had repudiated the debts of
the autocracy they overthrew; for
another, thoy had published the ae
crot treaties -.showing that the various nations had gone into the war,
not for the lovo of humanity, but
In August, 1014, the dog
wore unleashed, and with '-'filings
bared, sprang forward to do Aeir
master's bidding. The British, bulldog and the Oerman daachund were
locked in a death-grapple—for.whatf
According to our truthful (f) press
wo wero lighting for democTacy,
while Oermany was endeavoring to
force her "kultur" upon the-world.
What was tho result? It was recorded as thc groatcst and most glorious
victory in the world's history, and,
wo aro told was an absolute triumph
for democracy. Now that democracy
has triumphed and "kultur" is
more, mankind can now tako a
breathing spell and gaze around and
viow the fruits of his victory. De--
mocracyf The world ia .demo-
Thousands of mankind the world
over have a disease, a germ disease,
whioh, unlike mosc germ diseases,
doeB not attack thoir physical organs, but,. concentrates its'main effort in attacking the mental organs
of its victims. This disease, wo will
call, for want of a better name
"dementia democracia." The people have had this diseaso many
years, it has become chronic, and,
I am afraid, in a groat many cases—
incurabo. However, we must attempt the horculcan task of curing
them of this disease, so that tho
world will be free at laBt of this
terrible plague. This disease being
a mental disease requires very tactful aud skillful handling; we require no anaesthetic or other stupefying drug in the operation. All
that wo require is an antidote, tho
antidote of knowledge. Whore then,
cun we obtain this adtidotof In tho
schools! No, absolutely no. In the
press! Emphatically nol. Where,
then, can this antidote bo obtained!
In the literature of your'own class
—the workers. Study—and thon do
your own thinking. This and this
alono is the only "alma mator" of
true knowledge—olass knowldege.
This is tho only antidote required
for this most serious operation. Be
fore we can commence tho operation,
we must, just as a physician would
do, diagnose tho diseaso. We must
of necessity discover what is the
causo of this dementia democracia..
Democracy, from which. dementia
democracia springs, is a term used
very frequently by all classes of
people. But, how many understood
what it really means! Abraham Lincoln once statod that democracy is
government of the people, by: the
peoplo, for tho people; this'T at'least
approaches nearer human freodom
than the so-called democracies of today. Democracies of today are biased
upon property. Democracies ot today mean the dictatorship " *of j tho
minority over the majority; :Democ-
racics of today aro hypocri&ites. .Do
tho common pooplo have thd* Wet ting
of all governmental bodies! Kit a
law has been placed upon the itat-
ute book which oven atteift^te! to
deal with the frcoing of humanity
from its present environment* fcfcich
produces moral degenerates Hand
which upholds this degrading ; system of wage slavory.
That environment and experience
are factors in the forming Jdf various ideas and opinions of society we
accept as an established faot. Therefore, we cannot condemn the capitalist class for upholding this present system for thoir very existence
as a class is upheld by the continuous exploitation of the workers.
Tiny are born and bred in niost
cases in the lap of luxury and educated in an atmosphere of lofty class
distinction and always assume an
air of superiority born of proprietorship in their dealings with tho
workers. The press, the pulpit and
the schools, in fact almost every
source of possible enlightenment,
being controlled by the capitalist
class are used for the specific purposo of misleading the workers,
therefore it romains for the workers
of the world, tho proletariat, to educate themsolves, to gain class-consciousness. This is the only "open
sesame" to human freedom, therefore tho arch-enemy that blocks the
way is really tho apathy and ignorance of the proletariat themselves.
The proletariat are too inclined
to accopt tho utterances and* theories of tho various bourgeois intellectuals as an established fact, without first reasoning thc matter out for
themsolves. The proletariat are patriotic; can we say tho same of the
capitalist elass! The proletariat aro
taught to look upon foreigners with
something akin to hatred, truly a
dangerous doctrine to instill into tho
minds of the people. The British
aro taught to hiite the German today. They were taught to hate
others than Germans a century ago,
The Anglo-Saxon raco in particular
has becomo impregnated with the
idea that ho is of a superior race,
this in itself boing an unsafe doctrine and which is not,., tho right
method to adopt if wo wish to mako
tho world sufe, not for domocracy,
but for humanity. This, then is the
task that wo have beforo us, to not
only destroy the germs of false
teachings, but to destroy even tho
sourco from which they emanate, so
that wo are bettor able to bj^ld up
a purer and nobler race. Andl in
this groat struggle that is fast becoming imminent, on which ; the
whole future of civilization or human freedom rests, it is suicidal
madness not to know. All this jriin-
ning about and abusing a capitalist
is futile. Tho earth is pregnane with
reaction, thoroin lies a genuinojiihn-
ace to true freodom. Tho Qreoj [War
in which millions of lives were sacrificed in this great fight for democracy, let us oxamino and *_}ej fot
ourselves what was the cos*,joi! fhe
freedom that wo aro supposed^ 'enjoy today. Tho price waa nqffj paid
in money, it .was paid in the af^ful
sacrifice of human liveB tha$nWfcre
wantonly and ruthlessly forcqjl 'into
tho broach to act as targets for) the
most devilish enginos of torture and
destruction that modern brains eould
for tha love of plunder, coined off
tho sweat and tears of the working
class. "Is it any wonder the ruling
class hate the Bolshevists, just like
thoy hate the strikers at Winnipeg
and hore."   (Loud applause.)
The capitalists had had to educate
the workors, who had now doveloped
a moral stability that had eclipsed
anything known boforo. The magicians, politicians and lawyers all
failed to road tho writing on tho
wall; but the slave road it as it appeared in the bulletins of tho Citizens' League: "Tho kingdom is
taken from thee; thy rule has ended."
devise. It was paid for by the pale
faced widow and the weeping children.
In addition to tho destruction of
human life, thore is also to be taken
into account the destruction of commodities and demolition of towns
and cities. It is human labor that
builds these up again, and it is human labor that is taxed so as (to
mako it possiblo to pay indemnities.
And what of the governments, what
of the capitalists; what is thcir
function! Governments creato war,
und subjects do the fighting, governments create war debts and subjects
do tho pnying.
No sooner had Mars sheathed his
bloody sword, even before tho bodies
of the slain had grown cold, thoro
arose a cry from the parasite vampires of socioty, it was the voice of
Mammon demanding indemnity. Indemnity for what! Indemnity for
the heavy heart* and vacant chairs
that we see in every home! Can tho
loss of your loved ones ba indemnified! Let the mothers of men make
answor. Let them search doep down
in thoir hearts and ask themselves
tho question. Ab they look into the
oyes of their fatherless, aye, and
starving children, let them say unfalteringly if they can, that they
havo not givon their loved ones in
vain. Ten million lives have been
sacrificed on the] altar of Cain. To
the sons of men, remember this,
whether in overalls or uniform it
matters not, you are of the working class, flrst, last and all tha time.
You may be engaged in construction
or destruction, but, as far ai you are
concerned, all that you will receive
is a miserable pittance called wages.
The reward of tho common soldier
the world over is always the same.
What does he get! If he is physically fit and ablo to work, after his
discharge he gets a job—if he can
find one. If he has lost an arm, they
may possibly furnish him with an
artificial ono, so that ho can go to
work again and creato moro surplus
values for his masters. Even though
he be blind, the inhuman monsters
make an attempt to train, him in
some vocation; not from any humanitarian principle as thoy would
have us believe, but purely airil
simply for exploitation. But someone may say, "What of their pon-
sionf" They get just onough pension to koep them—out of the poorhouse. An empire like the British
Empire that proclaims herself the
champion of the cause of right, if
she bo sincere let her prove it by
her actions. However, events are
moving fast The roseate dawn of
a wondrous future Hashes afar ovor
the earth, a futuro of unlimited possibilities; and tho proletariat of the
world aro the peoples who can, by
sound reasoning and judgment, grasp
tho helm of advancement and pilot
humanity to that haven of contentment and enlightenment that is the
zenith of human endeavor.
T. P. M.
Ohl weary was tho waiting,
And dreary was the waiting,
For the dawn, for the dawn,
Whon molten, I was shaking
And ev-ry fibre quaking,
Through tho vapor's frenzied whirling.
That fiorce and frantic swirling,
In tho mad days I was born.
My thoughts were deep and thrilling
My hoart with rapture filling,
In the dawn, in the dawn,
Whon chaotic fires abating
And subtlo force creating,
In that ago of weary waiting,
Tho mystic life pulsating,
And man, my child, was born*
The azuro waters flowing,
The green earth, greener growing,
All treasures groat and glowing,
Tho brdczes warmly blowing
My son's bright heritage.
But God those gifts in granting,
With wondrous life enchanting,
Placed ban against self-serving,
Those gifts for all conserving—
A common heritage.
But the ages quickly flying
And my sons, that ban defying
Brought me woe, brought me woe;
For the few, those treasures craving
And thoir brothers all enslaving
Brought me woe, brought me woe;
For the selfish, hell-born robbing
And tho sore and constant sobbing
Brought me woe, brought me woo;
And God's curse 'gainst man prevailing,
Through the ages never failing,
Brought me woe, brought me woe.
Formly sons that ban defying
Caused  sin and sorrow, pain and
Thy wide lands o'er.
War's foul brood the green earth
Famine at the leash o 'er straining,
Pestilence for ever gaining
Strength on ev'ry shore.
Dear Ood, but teach my sons, defying
That Thy law brooks no denying
Demanding over strict complying;
Gifts of bounteous lovo abusing
In that path of their own choosing
They shall find but pain and bruising
For evermore, for evermore.
And oh! weary is the waiting,
And ohl dreary is the waiting,
For the dawn, for the dawn.
When my children gladly waking
And thoir foul bonds quickly breaking
Shall respond to soul returning,
Deep their hearts with fervor burn-
Free and fearloss and reborn.
How They Work
The Glasgow Forward of May the
24th contained the following passage. Needless to say the Fodoration
of Industries is the employers and
manufacturers federation, not the
"Our membors will not ba displeased to note that many of the
peace conditions laid down in the
documents drawn in the federation
in December last, and in succeeding
months for submission to the prime
minister and other British delegates,
are to be found in effect among tho
terms of the official treaty."
See that! Seo tho power labor
labor has! See how labor wu "represented" at Paris! See how tne
world is mado safe for domocracy I
Australian Labor Makes
Plea for Fraternal
[From W. Francis Ahern]
(Special    Representative    in   Australia)
Tho headquarters of the Social
Democratic League, Sydnoy, Australia, has issued a stirring appenl to
the class-conscious mombers of tho
proletarian movement throughout
tho world.
Tho Sooial Democrats in Australia form a revolutionary organization' aiming at tho complete ovorthrow of the capitalist Bystem, and
the establishment in its placo of a
communal commonwealth. Realizing
that effective tactics cnn only bo
moulded by doep consideration of
tho aspect and significance of current events of local and international import, thi methods of cam*
paign to be carried out by tho So
cial Domocratie League in AustraUa
will be decided upon from timo to
time by meetings, conferences or
conclaves, called especially to treat
with the exigencies of the day.
Meanwhile the following manifesto has been issued:
"The world is ahakon by an oeo-
nomio discontent unequalled in tho
history of all time. Disquiet and
rovolt are rampant in ovory phaso
of the social structure. Tho capitalist systom of socioty having reached
its highest point of dovelopmont, is
undoubtedly tottering to a fall. Fully awakened to the situation, its upholders, in a wild fronzy of straw
cliitchings, aro cxortlng every means
which their waning power yet commands to hold the workers in tho
old-time Btate of economic servitude
But tho old order is changing, and
oven the national or "jingo" spirit,
which the ruling clnBs of evory land
has sought to instil as fundamental
to its Bystem of exploitation, is fast
passing from tho breasts of the wago
workers of the world.
"A fraternal internationalism has
como to permeato the ranks of tho
toiling masses, and with it a determination to unto as ono and, regardless of clogs, crowns and frontiers,
to establish a system of socioty
wherein the dreadful precariousness
which today .governs thoir existence
will bo swept away. This systom of
society will constitute an industrial
domocracy under which the moans
of prodnction and distribution will
be socially owned and democratically controlled by the workers themsolves, who carry on tho process of
wealth production. Should this goal
not bo achieved, tho working clasa
is faood with tho terriblo alternative of the servile state dominated
by a capitalistic oliarchy.
"Unablo to longer avoid recognition of this grim truth, the proletariat of Europe aud America is already making a strenuous and desperate effort to establish a dictatorship of its own. The sword with
which to strike the blow for world
freodom has beon definitely un*
sheathed. Tho Bolshoviki of Russia
has already instituted a lead which
if supported in othor lands, will
gradually but assuredly bring about
the establishment of an industrial
democracy. The BolBhoviki have
thoir reflex in the Spartacus movoment ln. Gormany which continues
to wage successful war against the
bourgeoiso of that country. England
is in tho throes of industrial turmoil,
significant beeause of its sympathy
with the movement in Bussia.
"In a drastlo attempt to arrest
developments in America, ita master
class governmont has recommended
tho deportation of 20,000 alleged
foreign sympathizers with Bolshevism philosophy, thus advertising
th emenaco it dares not faco. Other
lands are likewise boset with gravo
industrial problems, only aggravated
by the panic concessions of hope and
palliatives. Bocauso of our isolation
we in Australia have not as yet folt
the pulse of this movemont, but as
suroly as the night follows day, wo
will flnd ourselves caught up upon
the tidal wavo of unrest which is
sweeping relontlessly north and
south, east and west. Thereforo, it
behooves tho militant and class-con-
scions sections of the workers of
Australia to assist in ths education,
the agitation, and the organization
thoir comrado toilers in order that
they may be prepared when the occasion arises to seize and hold ths
reins of control,
"Ths Social Democratic League
of Australia boldly declares its objective to bo identical with that of
the Bolshovik movement in Bussia
and tho Spartacus movement in Oermany. We make no attempt to qualify this assortion. The Bolsheviki
and the Spartacus Btand for tho
emancipation from serfdom and
wags slavery of the producing
classes of all nations, and we are
proud of our association. The truly
militant aro, thoroforo,. urged to
tako advantage of the broad platform of tho Social Democrats, and
assist in achieving the revolution by
inculcating a recognition of the
class strugglo, and a realisation of
ths international unity of the workers of overy land into the minds of
the non-class conscious workors on
the job.
Ths Social Domoerats seeks to
carry out the educatioial side of
the business by moans of publie
meetings, lectures, dobates, and the
dissemination of literature bearing
upon the Socialist philosophy, stress
being laid upon tho nocossity of organization on tho basis of revolutionary industrial unionism founded
on a system of shop control. This
is the most modern development in
the world of scientifically appliod
rovolt, and provided for the wage-
earner at his very bench a school
where ho will reeeivo ibo training
necessary to prepare him for a part
In the ultimate taking ovor of tht
industry in which he is actually employed, Tho education and organization of the working class en Industrial lines must necessarily have its
own political reflex.
"The goal of suoh will not be the
capturing of parliaments for the
purpose of perpetuating the existing
state, but the abolition of parliament aa tho exocutive of the ruling
class, and the establishment of, in
Hou theroof, of an industrial committeo. Thus the Social Democrats
of Australia issue their call to arms.
Enlist today in the army of tho
olass-eonscious workers of the world,
and light under the Bed Flag of Hu-
nuitr lor the smaneination of sou
Month-End Sale
Owing to the unusually large amount ol  stock  wo  have on  hand sad
the lateness of the season we are offering  at our  June  Month-End  Salt!
FuU Unas of Ladies' Garments at prices which do not cover
today'a coat ot the material. ,
SUITS—In Serge, Gaberdine, Trl-
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new models.
♦50.00  Suits for  127.60
♦40.00  Suits  for — ♦21.50
CAPES—In a full range of colon
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-   ♦45.00 Capes for  ..-♦32.50
♦85.00 Capes for  ♦19.50
Wonderful display, beautiful material, stylish designs; all colon
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$15.00 Dresses  for   99.50
♦25.00  Dresses  for ...- $18.00
♦87.60   Dresses  for   ♦24.50
DOLMANS—Beaut If ul  designs,   rich
material, exquisite finish.
$65.00 .DolmiwB  for  ♦42.00
$45.00  Dolmans  for  -118.60
We Solicit Out-of-town Orders at Advertised Prices—Tell os wbat yoa
went as to material and color—your sise and build—we'll aelect and ship
subject to return if not satisfactory.
Near artnvlllo
and your ohildren from tho bondB of
capitalist thraldom for, in the immortal words of. tho groat Karl
Marx: 'You havo nothing to lose but
your chains,* you have a world to
gain.' "
Arising out of tho issuo of this
manifesto, tho military police recently carried out a raid of tho League 'b
headquartora in Sydnoy, Australia,
taking tho names and addresses of
members, literature and the books
connected with tho workings of the
League. At the time of writing, no
further action has been taken by the
military authorities.
Equal purchasing powoi' will froe
humanity from its age-long servitude to "the lovo of monoy."
1047 Granville Street
Bole loathor usi-d. Shooa mado
to order. Unloa -hop with
Union principles.
No delay Shoe Co.
Phoae Sey. 1479
FBIMTEkg,     PUBLISHERS,     818-
Union Official--, write for prlcee.  Wa
Theee Sermonr T1S9
TUrd  Floor,  Wall BslMlni,  Van-
aewer, 1. 0.
(sacked), per
Washed Nut, per ton,
at $10.50
KIBE'S   Celebrated   Double
Is Always Dependable
Ask the woman who barns it.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 end 466
You ean depend on the
A. FISH, Prop.
to furnish you Pure Milk,
Housewives should insist on
all delivery men showing
their union cards.
Ftoaea* Say. 773(00. Sey, (MIL
0. B. LESS, Proprietor
* oioabs, oioabbttm amd ior
•loo dunsmuir strict
Greateat Stock ol
in Greater Vanconver
Replete In every detail
Hastings Foniihire Co. lid
anl Non-alcoholic wines tf an
for Union Hen i
Phone Seymour 985
Refined Service
One Blook Weet of Courthous
Use of Modem Chapel Bid
Funeral Parlors froe to ell
Telephone Seymour 2425
Our advertisers support the F
erationist. It ia up to you to ;
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make good your advantage of
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spending a couplo of woeks
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a splendid selection of Pishing Tackle, Biflos, Cartridges,
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The Complete Sporting Ooods '
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After a day's labor
Bottle of
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'a Union-Made
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Westminster Brewery Oo. OFIIOLtt   PAPER    VASOOUVEB
nuns j_n> labor ooncea
Our Economy
A Big Factor in Lowering* the High Retail
Price of Footwear
Men's Work Boots, Boys' and Girls' School
Boots (Steelite Brand)
Outing and Sport Footwear for the whole
family at wholesale prices
Our policy of retailing footwear at lowest
possible prices is winning out
Production for Profit—Not Use
At Your Service
—for examination—for advice*—in connection with any form of tooth trouble.
Honest advice—Reliable work—Seasonable prices—Estimates given before work is started.
Drs. Brett Anderson and
Douglas Casselman
Dental X-Bay and Crown and Bridge Specialists
Office open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Phone Beymour 3331—Examinations mado on phone appointments
Dr. Reed's Cushion Sole
Shoes for Men
If your feet hurt, get them into a pair of these comfortable shoes.
There are many imitations, but only the one genuine
"Dr. Reed's Cushion Sole."
Look for the "Union Stamp" in the shank.
All sizes and widths for perfect fitting.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
_  uvv (Mtri-_tlon*n3i«CH)« wttricfcf
„. _ Union-made Cigars..., „_
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Freeh Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East' 728 Oranvllle Street
Seymour 088*672 Seymour 9513
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
46 Hastings St W.
Vancouver, B. C.
The Uttle "Stunt"-
JUST TELEPHONE wiflo that you and ahe are "going
out" tonight—or maybe it's Saturday afternoon. Tell
her that she can navo a lot of time—have all her work
—"oddi and endi" done, if she gives tho "go-by" to
baking bread. Casually mention, that you are bringing home
a loaf of bakers' bread.
Feed License
No. 8-1061
Fairmont U
Nat Smith and T. Connor
Deal With Problems
at Empress
Comrade Smith in his opening re
marks stated that there nover was
a time in the history of mankind
when the economic problems, which
affect the very basis of existence
itself, were so acute.
The prime object of the present
system in the production of the necessities of life is that thoy aro produced for sale. In other atagos of
man's development goods were produced essentially for use, and ai
long as a quantity of food, etc., existed in any particular part of the
earth the inhabitants of that part
of the world were at least guaranteed an existence. Unrest as we
have it today has been blamed on a
few agitators, but the real cause of
unrest lies at the basis of society
today. The recent strike in Winnipeg was not a revolutionary strike,
but part of the class struggle, a
fight between buyers and sellers, as
to how tho salo of labor power shall
be effected. The condition of the
workers in general throughout the
world is rapidly becoming worse.
The world market will not permit
of any other condition.
Strikes are precipitated by tho
employing class in order to more
effectively break down the resistance of the workers.
Were the workers aware of the
laws which govern Bociety, they
would realize tho impossibility ef
reforming same. A eomplote change
must be effocted; our business is to.
present eertain facts to the workers,
facts which conditions will ultimately drive home to thom.
Comrade T. Connor in referring to
the unrest which the previous speaker had touched on, stated that it
was not confined to Vancouver but
was noticeable in every part of the
industrial world.
Every one born in the present system of society (with the exception
of a few, the owners of the means
of lifo( was compelled to sell something in order to live.
We live under a system based en
buying and selling, therefore
amongst buyers and sellers, antagonism arises—one to buy the cheapest, the other to get tho best price
for his commodity. It was noticeable that the individual who squeals
the most when trouble arises betwoen employors and omployoes, botweon buyers and sellers, is the
small merchant elass known as the
This type only look en tho surface
of affairs and consequently take
effects as causes. Understanding the J
basis on which this strike arises, it is
up to the workers to discover a
method whieh will abolish this state
of affairs. If we examine the his-
tory of mankind wo will discover
that he has travelled through various stages of development. From
tho savage state and right up
through the middle ages we Ind
periods of famine; those famines
affected all claBKg ln sooiety.
Tho fight in those days was a
fight against the forces of nature,
inventions from the steam engine to
electricity. The workers find themselves very little bettor off. Unemployment is ripe, The workers must
first sell in order to buy, and in this
system all the advantage lies with
the buyers of labor power,
Civilisation Is a certain stage in
the development of society and
whon that stage has reached a cer*
tain point in dovelopment, liko the
chicken within the egg, tho forceB
developed within shall broak
through. Revolutions do not always
mean blood and fire. While the
master class can only picture revolution as pictured by the French
Bovolution, the change was effected
in England with littlo or no violence.
In order to understand the road
that we must travel we must place
ourselves in the position of a spectator'and we must examine the road
our forefathers have travelled.
The functioning of tho Socialist
Party of Canada is oducation, as
the saying is. A Bolsheviki with a
handful of papers is more dangerous
than 10 wit- guns in their hands.
It is up to every worker as a
unit la seeiety to find eut hie place
Separatist Game Hae Reached Its
Climax—Officials sll
Het Up.
The international officers of the
A. F. of L. are getting all het up
over the Canadian unions sympathetic strike. Telegrams galore are
being sent to the unions involved.
International officers are racing
across the boundary line with or
ders to drive the men back to
work. Threats are being Issued
by these reactionary and capitalist
loving tools, but seemingly all to no
avail. Many charters have been
lifted and others are being relinquished and the separatist game"
seems ta have about reached its
climax and is now on the down
grade. The International officer*
will soon be In the position that the
average worker is in a great part
of his time—out of a Job—in the
very near future. It will do them
good to have to rustle for a living)
Instead of living on the fat ot the<\
land while toadying to the master
Refused to Wage Unlawful War on Russia Is
True Spirit
PABIS.—The story of the mutiny
on Easter day of tho crews of four
French warships encaged against
the Soviet forceB near Odessa was
recounted to the chamber of deputies by Emile Goude, a Socialist
Inventor Is Determined That His
Invention Shall Not Be Used
to Exploit Labor
London. — David Suchostawer, a
Russian enginoer domiciled in thiB
country, has invented an electrical
turbine which he claims will transform the world's industry. Amongst
othor results of it, if successful, will
by tho distribution of electric now*
er from huge central stations, which
would tend to transfer industry to
tho villages away from largo urban
centres. A very interesting feature
of tho matter is the inventor's determination that his discovery shall
.not bo used to exploit tho producers of the world, for ho means to
place it when completed, at the disposal of the workers through organized labor, and, indeod, has agreed
tljat the Daily Herald shall act as
intermediary between him and the
commercial world.
,Mention tho Federationist when
you mako a purchaso at a store.
Nature says, "Bnjoy what you
do; but step when yeu cease te enjoy tke doing.''
Theae four warships wore in the
Blaok Sea fleet, under command of
Vice Admiral Amot, and were bombarding rod guards on shore, preparatory to an attack on Odessa.
"The signal to clear for action
was given on the morning of April
10," the deputy said. "The men
gathered in crowds on tho dock and
refused to disperse when ordered.
Thon, from the battleship France,
arose the strains of the international revolutionary hymn. The men
gathered in groups on tho ship, and
the captain then intervened and
tried to discuss the mattor with the
sailors, who appointed delegates to
explain why the 'Internationale'
had been sung. One of the dolegates
Won't Wage Illegal War
" 'The war we are being forced
to make against the Bussians is unconstitutional. Tho minister has not
the right to uso us for a war parliament has not voted.'
"The captain informed tho admiral in command, who was on board
the battleship Jean Bart, of tho situation. The mon listened to the attempts ef t— admiral to parley.
They were respectful in their attitude, but refused to obey his orders
and insisted they should bo returned
to France. The 'Internationale
again was sung. In the evening sailors on other ships took up the singing.
"The red flag was run up on East.
er morning beside the tricolor,
which had been hoisted with customary honors. The work on tke
ships was carried out regularly, and
the officers had full liberty. There,
was ono unfortunate incident for
which the sailors were not responsible.
One Unfortunate Incident
rfhen tho men were going
ashore on April 20 a young ensign,
fresh from the naval academy, see!;
ing the Bailors and French soldiors*
fraternizing with Bussian men and
womon, ordered a machine gun flretL
A naval lieutenant rushed up, placed
himself in front of the men and
stopped the firing. Howover, some
wore killed and wounded.
Tho movement continned without violonce, insolence, disorder er
sabotage. The tri-color never was
lowered. It was a truo revolutionary
movoment in the highest and purest
senso of thc word. The sailors, sons
of tho great Fronch revolution, re*
membered there are legal measures
beyond which Fronch soldiers and
marines cannot be employed.
"Aftor four days of negotiations,
the admiral grantod tho demands of
tne delegates that the ships should
return to France, and that no punishment should be exacted from the
men after their roturn."—Butte
League of Nations Mhy
Become League of In*
ternatlonal Bankers
apparently some apprehension In
America that the League of Nations may become the aegis for
domination of International economic life by such a pooling of financial
resources as has never been seen
In the course of next week speeches will be made on the floor of the
Senate designed to warn the sponsors of the League ot Nations lest
the covenant may turn out to be
nothing more than a "league of in*
ternatlonal bankers for the economic exploitation ot the world," as
one leading senator expressed his
The testimony before tbe Foreign Relations Committee which
investigate! the "leak" clearly Indicated that a pooling of flnanclal
assets Is contemplated. While lt Is
admitted that the United States
must tor some time to come extend
credit to European countries, the
danger as viewed here Is that ahould
the "International bankers" get the
handling and control of such huge
credits, they would undoubtedly be
in a position to determine the prices
ot all commodities not only ln the
United States, but practically
throughout the world.
War Can Only Cease with
the Abolition of
At tb* Pantages
Heading whnt promises to be an
unusually good bill at The Pantages
neit week, opening with tho matinee
performance Monday, will be the
Empire Comedy Four, one of the
oldest and most popular organisations in vaudeville Riotous mirth
and melody is their specialty.
For the special added attraction,
Manager Alexander Pantages has
arranged for the appearance of Joe
Fanton and his eompany in their
latest novelty ''A Horning In
Camp." This is another war act,
and according to advance reports, a
remarkably good one.
A third card will be Leila Shaw
and her playors in a travesty on the
familiar playlet with the domestic
triangle. It is called, "Thore She
Goes Again," and is said to be
very funny.
Anita Diaz' monkeys,   billed   t
Darwinian Demonstrators of Fun,
also will be in tho forefront of the
entertainment, especially so far as
the children aro concerned.
Madctl and Follette are a musical
comedy pair, with songs and patter,
that have been going great on the
circuit thus far.
Cliff Clark, the "genial fellow,"
also has a line of humor and late
melodies. ••*
If society were so organized that
all the members of it were engaged
in some productive occupation or
creative work, the sole basis of the
govornment under these circum-
stances would bo to open np every
opportunity for all the members to
function to the limit of their capacity.—llelen Marot, in Tho Dial.
Jaekson, Mich.—Over 700 representatives of shop men employed by
tho Michigan Central railroad met
in this city and formed a system
Tho Womon's International Congress, held in Zurich during May,
1019, has ended, and tlie women from
sixteen countries represented are on
their way back home. We have met
womon from the belligerent and neuJ
tral nations; we have talked of thc (
past with all its sorrows and difficulty, and we have faced the future and laid our plans, Moeting
as wo did when the iniquitous peace
terms had just been published, we
were filled with Indignation and little hope.
War, revolution, the freedom of
women, education—these were the
subjects discussed. The horrors of
the war we dared not speak of, as
many of the women present had lost
husbands and sons. The highly reactionary French government rcfus
ed passports to tho French section,
but Malli Milan, a Frenchwoman
from Arrass, in tho devastated area,
managed to reach the congress on
the third day.
She had been an Internationalist
and Pacifist throughout tho war and
had raised her voico in pro/cat in
faco 'of great difficulties. Sho spoko
of the war and all ib-fhorrors, and
called upon the congress to pledge
themselves to do all in their power
to help slay this monster. As she
askod for a pledge the whole conference rose and cried, "Wo pledge,
ousboIvcs, Malli!" j
Lida Oustava Heymann (Munich) I
presented a bouquet of beautiful
white roses to Mdlle. Milau, as an
expression of thanks for her work
and faith. The cuicf interest of the
congress centred in those countries
where revolution followed war. The
German and Austrian -delegates roported their work, but the Hungarian women refrained saying that it
was impossiblo for them to tell the
truth about their country; they
would not get back if they did.
Frau Frida Perlino, Stuttgart,
spoko of the German women holding monster demonstrations protesting against the useless slaughter of
their sons and of how, at tho outbreak of the war, a telegram was
sent to tho kaiser asking him, in
tho name of Christ, to do everything
in his power to prevent tho outbreak of war; but they had learned
by bitter experience that paper protests wero of no use—tbat if women
wished to destroy war they must
first destroy capitalism, the cause of
war, and organize for action.
Most of tho German and Austrian
women wero of tho opinion that an
international revolution is impending, and that it was tho doty of thc
women of every country to bring
about the revolutionary change with
as little bloodshed os possible.
Someone suggested that we should
attompt to educate the "uppor
classes," and say, "What you do
not give freely will bo taken from
you by bloodshed," but Frau Boose
Lieglier, Switzerland, said "Christ
tande the same appeal to the rich
two thousand years ago and it had
no effect." The Austrian women
spoko of their work during the revolution—how they had asked and had
been allowed to act upon revolutionary tribunals, and had managed
while on the tribunals to havo capital punishment abolished; how, after
the murder of Kurt Eisner, they had
placarded the streets and called upon the peoplo to keep calm thus preventing further bloodshed. Recognizing that revolution is imminent
In all countries, consideration of
what line of action should be adoptod in thnt case, the following resolution was -drafted, and sent out to thc
national sections: "The world in
facing widespread revolutionary
changes, coming at a time when thc
passions of hatred and fear have
been fostered by a world war. Wo
recognize that there is a fundamentally just demand underlying most of
theae revolutionary movements. Wc
declare onr sympathy with tho purpose of tbo workers who aro rising
up everywhere to make an end of
exploitation and to claim their
world. Nevertheless we reassert our
bolief tn the methods of peace, and
we fcol that it is our special part
in this revolutionary age to counsel
against violence on both si-den."
The peace terms wero the subject of
a mild condemnatory resolution,
which wos moved in an able speech,
by Mrs. Snowden, seconded by Miss
Janctto Rankin, first woman senator,
nr the abt or
Fine Tailoring
EVERT good feature is found in B. C. SUITS for MEN
and WOMEN. The woollens used are the finest procurable from the Best Mills in this and the Old Country. The
Cutting is from authentic and correct designs passed upon
by the master-cutters of the world, accurately carried out
to true dimensions by our scientific system. Every worker is a UNION man and a perfectly trained craftsman.
We guarantee you Style, Fit and entire satisfaction,
and all this at economical prices that you ean well afford
and that it will pay you to pay.
Men's Suits, f 35 Vp
Women's Suits, f4S Up
1128 Hastings Street East
and Main
Those who work have nlways constituted a majority of the people in
any organized society. Today nine-
tenths of tho adult population is employed at some productivo or useful
The latest figures published by the
United States Commissioner of Internal Revenue show that in the
year 1016, when the total population
of the United States was about 102,-
000,000, less than half a million
single individuals paid income taxes.
Tho minimum in that year was |3,-
000 for single individuals and (4,000
for persons with dependents. The
total number who declared incomes
in excess of these amounts was 429,-
401. Thero were, doubtless, individuals who dodged the income tax.
The figures, howevor, give some idea
what a tiny minority of the American people receive incomes that eould
put them in a "middle class."
Tho "Statistics of  Occupation,"
in tho United States. When the educational draft waa under consideration warnings were especially giv<
en by tho Australian delegates
against tho introduction of militarism into our educational system,
Miss Cecilia John, Melbourne, told
of tho conscription of boys in Au-
published in tho United Statea Census, show that in an ordinary industrial city the druggists, undertakers*
grocers, butchors, manufacturers,
corporation officials, superintendents,
managers, lawyers, doctors, school
toachcrs, dentists and all other members of tho professional and business classes do not mako up over
ono-sixth of the total number of
gainfully occupied persons. In many.
cases they constitute less than one*
eighth of the total.
Tho vaat majority of peoplo who
do not make income tax returns; thi
wage earners and clerks who are nol
included in the business and professional class; and many of the small
business and professional men judged from a standpoint of income,
mako up the body of what ia some*
times called the "plain people."
Most of these plain people work foi
their living as wage earners.
The relation which bas grown np
in modern industry between officials
and workers ia startling. The latest
report of tho United Statea Census
dealing with the manufacturing industries (1914. page 427), states that
the total number of persona engaged
in manufacturing is 8,263,153; of
this number only 61 in 1,000 are proprietors end officials; the clerks and
other subordinate salaried employees
make up SS in each 1,000; the wago
, , earners," 851. Thus 17-20 ot those en-
stralta at tho ago of twelve and aj gaged in the manufacturing Indus*
half years. I tries in tho Unitod Statos are wage
Parents were at first fined If their earners, and 19-80 aro wage-earners
boys refused to put in their drills, and clerks. The latest figures for tho
and many of tho parents gladly paid | railroad  industry  aro  as  follows;
the fine/then the authorities began
to punish the boys. She said that
within eighteen months there hod
been 27,740 prosecutions, and 6,000
imprisonments in fortresses and civ*
il prisons; in many cases the boys
wero flogged and starved. Tho usual
prison sentence was from soven to
ten days. Several had been in prison over and over again, but very
few of the boys could hold out. Although conscription for adults had
boen defeated, mainly by the vote
of the Australian soldier, the conscription of the boys continues, and
is a scandal evon to such an administration as the Hughos Coalition
government.—Glasgow Forward.
General officers, 5,750; other officers,
11,153; offico clorks, 87,106; total
employees, 1,710,206. Here general
officers aro about 3 in 1,000, and general and minor officers, 10 in 1,000,
or 1 per cent. The census figures
show 12,650,000 persons occupied in
agricultural pursuits. Of this number over half aro hired laborera. Of
tbe remainder tho vast majority
work actively on thcir own farms.
The United States is mado up of
people who work as wage earners or
farmers. Tho overwhelming majority of tho population falls into thia
class. The plain peoplo of tho United Statos are tho working people.-*
Scott Nearing.
Union Store
To those whose object now is to save money,
we especially recommend that you do not overlook 401 Hastings Street West when buying
Men's Wearing Apparel. Here you get the best
for the least
Let us quote you a few of our prices:
A good Suit for light summer wear only-....$15.00
Carhartt Overalls (price 3 months ago $2.45),
now  _ ....$2.45
We are told this is the best price in town on
Other union-made Overalls $1.95 to $2.45
A line of Fine Negligee Shirts, with collar to
match (detached). Reg. $2.00, now $1.45
Five pairs Mechanics' Sox - $1.00
11 Kerchiefs. (Reg. 2 for 25c); only $1.00
Good Cotton Work Shirts, only 80c
Good Pants.  Reg. $6.00 and $6.50, only $4.95
If you buy where you can buy better, you'll
have to come here.
The Jonah-Prat Co,
.June 27, M
Published every Friday morning by Tbe B. C.
-Fedorationist, Limited
IL, &  WELLS...
Office:   Labor Temple,  405  Dunsmuir Street.
Telephone Exchange, Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m., Sey. 7497K
Subscription Bates: United Statos and Foreign,
42.00 per year; Canada, $1.50 per year; in
Vanconver Oity, *2.00 per year; to Unions subscribing in a body, $1.25 por member per year.
Unity of Labor: The Hops of the World
...Juno 27, 1919
BEHIND EVERY form of action by
any class in society, there is an economic cause. Behind the actions of governments or of targe financial organizations, or aggregations of financial magnates, there are reasons
'_J* that can be found for
ECONOMIC       them.    It is useless to
SEASON say that the Winnipeg
strike was organized by
tho workers in an attempt to set up a Soviet government. It is useless to say that
it is a revolutionary strike. AVe have said
this before, and we say it again, but that
there is a reason for this strike being pre-
eipitated wc are sure. That tho strike
was caused by the employing class, we
are also sure, and the roason is not far to
seek. The idea in precipitating the strike
is to crush organized labor so that wages
ean be kept at the lowest possible level.
* *       *
The Christian Science Monitor, in dealing with Canadian trade, has the following to say:
As the Canadian trado commission
made clear in a recent statement, the
balance of trade has now swung so
that it is becoming adverse to the Dominion. Before the war, it wag
against Canada by about $300,000,-
000 annually. Then, owing to war
orders, this adverse balance was
transformed into a favorable one by
nearly half a million dollars. But
side by side with the piling up of the
favorable balance came the piling up
of the war debt, until from the prewar figure of $336,000,000 it has today reached an amount above $1,500,-
000,000. Hence the necessity for a
very largely increased volume of
trade, if this obligation is to be adequately met. To this end, exports
must be increased, or at any rate
maintained, as far as possible, at their
present high level; -whilst every effort must be made by all parties to
the great work of production to secure at all times the fullest measure
of co-operation. The great need in
Canada today is indeed eo-operatioh,
in the fullest sense of the word, between the farmer and the factory,
and between employers and employed, everywhere.
• •      *
That is the reason for the strike. Trade
must be maintained or profits cannot be
aecured. Commodities must be produced
cheaply enough to compete in thc world's
markets. Profits can only be gained in
this way, and profits must be reaped, no
matter if the heavens fall. During the
War, Canada was exporting more than she
was importing. This is not the case now.
Imports do not give the opportunity for
profits. It is not on the importation of
commodities that profits are made. It is
on the commodities that are exported that
they are secured. Nations today do not
measure their prosperity by the commodities consumed at home, but by the wealth
that is exported, and it is the export trade
that is worrying the employing class at
this time. Well do the large manufacturing interests know, that in order, to compete with the Asiatic and European nations, that they must produco cheaply. To
do this, they must speed up the methods
of production, and at the same time cut
the cost of labor to thc lowest possible
level. \yith labor organized this is a difficult proposition, but with labor disorganized, it is an easy matter to cut wages to the
bone. This and this alone is thc cause of
the strike. Collective bargaining gives
the workers ■ strength that they do not
have by any other form of disposing of
their labor power, and in this as in all
other actions of thc employers, the economic factor is the deciding factor, and the
attempt to stamp out the Labor organizations was started in Winnipeg. Until the
wealth of a nation is decided by the
amount of wealth the people consume, instead of export, there will be the same
economic causes for Labor troubles.
when we say that there are not more than
60 per cont. of the workers who are eligible to vote at Dominion and Provincial
elections. The extent of this method of
politieal action will, however, be determined by the manner in whihe the political privileges of the people are restricted.
In the meantime, however, this strike
should have shown the workers that even
organized as they are at the present time,
that something more in the way of organization is needed. The strike is a result of
a* deliberate attempt to crush organized
labor. The methods adopted by the cm-
ploying class bas been to bring about a
split in the ranks of the workers. Every
division that exists in labor's ranks has
been utilized by the employers in their
efforts to break the strike, that they have
failed to do so is not because of the form
of organization, but in spite of it. Winnipeg took action without the rest of the
country knowing the facts of the case,
and it was only after the strike had been
in progress for some little time that the
other cities became acquainted with the
truth. There is also another aspect of the
case. The employers have told us when
they were seeking to introduco militarism, that to be prepared for war is a
guaranteo of peaee. The workers with
an organization that would link up every
city, would be in a position to know every
move of the employers, and it would be
impossible for any such attempt as
has been made in Winnipeg to
ocour. In other words, if the workers were organized as they should
be, thc employers would not undertake
any such step without knowing that it
would meet with failure, owing to the
fact that the workers would be so organized as to make such a proposition futile. The stronger the labor organizations
are, the less trouble there will be in the
future. The complete organization of the
workers will prevent any precipitate
action on the part of the workers in any
part of thc country, and the greater the
political concessions will be, and the transition period will be much smoother, and
will present less diffculties than if the
workers are disorganized and move
without every phase of the situation being considered. The people who are
trying to crush organized labor are doing the very thing that they are
now saying that they wish, to
avoid, and that is bringing about
mob rule. The workers have demonstrated in this strike that even with their
imperfect organizations, that they are
able to control theirranks, and to maintain order. With disorganization linked
up all over the country, they will be able
to discipline themselves, and to go forward step by step with no misdirected
efforts, and with a knowledge that in
their organization they have perfect order, strength andp intelligence. This is
the lesson that must be learnt from the
present strike. Organization must be the
slogan, coupled with knowledge, and the
workers will, by adopting this, save themselves and the community much trouble
in the future.
THERE ARE SIGNS that point to the
faot that industrial organization!, of
thc workers are to become a more important factor than ever. From the news that
has *ieen received from thc old land, wc
can gather that the wor-
THE kcrs there are intending
LESSON to use their industrial
Df IT. strength to wring politi
eal concessions from the
government. This is natural. It is possibly more natural for that line of aotion
to be adopted in tliis country, than it
would be in the old land. For the simple
reason that the workers of this country
are not in as good a position politically
as they are in Great Britain. When the
Winnipeg strike was under discussion in
the House of Commons at Ottawa, Mr.
Buchanan, of Lethbridge, said in effect,
that Labor should be represented on the
floor of the House of Commons. How this
was to be accomplished, he did not, however, say. AVith war-times election acts,
and other restrictions on the franchise,
along with thc industrial conditions that
preclude many men from living long
enough in any placo to secure the franchise, thc workers are not in a position to
secure representation in the Legislatures.
*      *      *
We think that we aro not exaggerating
DURING the past week the public has
been regaled with the stories of
huge profits made by textile and milling
companies. There are quite a number of
people who are of the opinion that the
profiteering has been the
HOW cause of labor unrest.
THEV In these days profiteer-
MAKE IT ing is looked upon  as
being the art of getting
extraordinary large profits—profits that
are above the average.   This has been
possible during tbe past four years or
more owing to the extraordinary demand
for all kinds of commodities due to the
war; due to the fact that the men overseas were consuming as well as destroying, and that instead of them being engaged in production, they were engaged
in destruction, and the increased demand
made it possible for the last cent to be
extracted in thc way of profit, the market
conditions favoring the sellers of commodities.   To those who do not understand
economics, this is looked upon as the
cause of all the labor unrest.   The only
thing that ean be gained by the publicity
of this profiteering is to show up the hypocrisy of the employing class, but it
doeB not explain the reason for the continued misevy of the working class in spite
of thc so-called prosperity.   Neither does
it explain the robbery of   the   workers.
Workers are not robbed as consumers; if
they were the employing   class,   which
consumes by far a greater amount than
do thc workers per   capita,   would   be
suffering far worse than the workers.
It is necessary to point those things out,
in order that the worker will not be carried away by any false doctrine or ideas.
It is necessary that the worker should
know that tho wages received are determine^ by the cost of living, and there is
ample proof of this during the past few
years. Prices of necessities have been
constantly going up, wages have slowly
followed. But wages have not followed
the cost of living as fast as prices have
soared, and today we find that the relative position of the worker is much worse
than it was in 1914, due to the fact that
wages have not generally increased more
than 40 per cent., while the cost of living
has gone up 87 per cent. Should the
worker bo ablo to lower the eost of living,
ho would not have solved anything. He
would still be tho exploited. He would
still bc the victim of a system that can
only exist on profit, and if profits were to
be entirely cut off thc present form of society could no longer exist. Today commodities are only produced for profit.
That is the only incentive for the keeping
of the wheels of industry turning, and
profits in tho last analysis arc nothing but
unpaid labor, the product of labor that
is nevor paid for, the result of toil that
is never recompensed. Profits are the
difference between the wage paid and tho
value of the commodities produced by the
workers. This is tho cause of all labor
troubles. It is tho cause of all wars, it
is the cause of commercial jealousies,
tors. Labor troubles, wars and all the
present evils of society will exist just so
long as one man can profit through the
labor of another. Tho working class is
robbed at the point of production, and
until that robbery is stopped there wilH>»
turmoil and strife the world over.
The Vancouver Citizen on Wedneadaj:-
bad something to say as to the sacreduess
of contracts. The workers are usually
accused of violations of agreements, but
there never was a wage agreement that
the employers didl not violate. The Rtife;
ertson agreement inihe shipbuilding fnj
dustry was never lived up to by the etn-
ployers. The men in that industry are
not receiving the awards made by Adjuster Macdonald. Mr. J. J. Warren, head
of the Consoliatcd Mining and Smelting
Co., at the mining convention in Nelson,
stated that he desired -the co-operation of
the miners in all matters connected with
the mining and smelting industry. Whilo
he was saying this, there were many men
at Rossland that are out of work because
of discrimination. Mr. Bulger, fair wage
officer, has been in that district trying to
straighten the matter out, but he has
failed. In March pf this year, the premier
of this Provinee promised that an inquiry
into the Coal Creek and Nanaimo disasters would be held at once. This is June,
and near the end at that, and nothing has
yet been done. This, of course, is not
any violation of contract. We suppose
that the workers have all the vices, and
the employing class have all the virtues,
But wo would suggest to the bunch of
nohctities that are responsible for the
blatherings in the Vancouver Citizen, that
they takt a look at the shortcomings of
the employing interests and the governmental departments of this Province, and
then having seen both sides of the picture,*
they may come to the conclusion that
those that make the most noise about law
and order, sacredness of contracts and all
the rest of the buueome, are the ones that
know neither law and order, or common decency.
After the decision of the strikers in the
Labor Temple yesterday morning, which
was that the decision of the strike com.
mittee to call off the strike at noon today be not concurred in, the citizens'
committee will have a thousand or more
leaders to deal with instead of fifteen
The one outstanding feature of the workers, in this oity at least, is that they refuse to be led, either by the strike com*
mittee or the so-called law and order
league. If, however, the government still
persists in arresting leaders, it will have
a merry time arresting the majority1 of'
the men who were at the meeting in t|he
Temple, and the strike committee will ibe
left out in the cold. Leaders forsooth!
the workers have got beyond the loadihg
string stage, and, as was stated at the beginning of the strike, the workers decided that it should take place and tbey
and they alone have the power to call it
Business Agent McFarlane in assuming
that Mayor Gale or the City Council
knew anything made a vast mistake. Yesterday he was told by the mayor of this
eity that he must not assume that thc
City Council knew anything. With this
we are in entire agreement. It could not
of course be conceived that any body of
intelligent men would havo any idea that
after the strike was called off by thc
strike committee, that the question of reinstatement would bo the point that
would have to be considered by the employers. But, joking aside, the mayor of
this city has for a long time got away
with his suave politician's answers, aud
his method of sitting back and finding out
just what the other fellow thought, and
then bringing a proposition forward that
he knew would meet with the approval
of the majority. He is now in the position where he can either be a man or i
mouse, and judging from his attitude in
this striko he chooses the latter. Thia he
is at perfect liberty to do, but these are
days when "men," not mice, count. The
City Council in assuming the attitude that
it did yesterday has placed itself in the
position that it will not recognize the
Civic Employees' Union. In taking this
attitude it has thrown down a challenge
to organized labor, and if it thinks that
such a challenge can be lightly thrown
these days it has another guess coming.
Small toads in a big puddle have been
known to make a lot of noise, but the City
Council of this city, the government of
this provinco, or tho government of the
Dominion cannot treat labor lightly in
theso days. It really is funny to see thc
antics of the small peanut politician of
this day, when it is considered that the
world is in the making. Conditions, not
politicians, control the destinies of not
only city councils but of governments.
These politicians should at least study the
conditions or they may misa their guess;
Australian Labor Refuses
to Be Led Around
by Jingoes
[By W. Francis Ahern],
Tlie jingoes in Australia, in common with those ot other parts of the
British Empire, are at the present
time arranging great demonstrations, to take plaee at the official
signing of peace. As part of the
scheme of getting whole-hearted support for the scheme, Australian Labor has been asked to participate
In every known case to date, Labor
in Australia throughout the States,
has refused to be a party to such an
unholy 'business of celebrating a victory that cost so much less aud suffering to tho working class. The
following motion, recently carried
by the Labor Council of Now South
Wales, typifies the attitude of Labor
on this matter: "We refuse to take
any part whatever in victory celebrations, believing that tho money
can be expended in somo more laudable manner such as building; homos
for soldiers, etc. Furthermore, apart
from tho waste of money, we rofusc
to assist in celebrating something
which entailed tho slaughter of fifteen million lives, which woro sacrificed on tho altars of capitalistic
greed and avarice." Similar motions
are now being passed by the various
Labor organizations, both industrial
and politically throughout Australia.
• Labor is also * protesting against
the Australian government recognizing "Anzao Day" (the anniversary
of the landing of the Australian
troops at Gallipoli) as a national
holiday, holding that tho day is really ono of deep mourning for the
Australian poople, who lost so many
brave sons, husbands and fathers in
what has sinco been characterized
by British statesmen as "a gamble." On the other hand, Australian
Labor, when it returns to power in
the Commonwealth Parliament, intends to tako steps to set apart Oct.
28 as a national holiday of general
repoicing—that being the day when
conscription was defeated in Australia on the flrst occasion. In connection with this, the Labor Council at
Melbourne, Victoria, has a proposal
on foot to erect a memorial to the
soldiers who, votod "No" in the
now historic conscription referendum.
The Hobday
Very eaay complaint
to get.
Have a real good
holiday on Dominion
Day. Let's see, you
will need, maybe, one
or all of these:
Outing Shirts, $2 to $4.60
Flannel   Trousers,   $6.00
and $6.60.
White Duck Trousers, $3
Straw Hats and Panamas,
$2.00 to $10.00.
Lisle and Silk Hose, 50o
to $2.00.
Apparel for Men
820 Granville Street
Governments Acting
Tools for Coal
Bolshevism or something more drastic*
is needed to eliminate the profiteer. f'A
Montreal sugar refinery has just confessed to making nearly a million dollarsJn
profits last year. What would the oiti-'
zens' commmittee suggest for the elilni-
ination of sueh robbery. ' ■_
The explanation has been offered that
the reason that Canadian bacon is cheaper in England than in Canada is that tie
bacon put on the English market costs'
loss to prepare than the kinds put on the
Canadian market. In fact all Canadian
products arc cheaper in England than in
Cnada. What's thc reason, Mr. Citizens'
Committee 1
In view of all the talk of deporting the
aliens, tho following press despatch is
most interesting:
Ottawa.—Tho government *s Immigration Aot
lias boon given ils third reading in tho Senate.
Senator Bradbury'i amendment oiprom-ly forbidding immigration (row onemy countries,
nt.j.1. .*-« tu, «..,„«„ iVt . J* ___'_■ •"uondment wliich ha aaid waa "eallod for by
which aro the outcome of those divergent the blood of 55,000 Canadian dead," w«„ de-
interests that must exist between eompeti-  featod 26 to 19.
Senator Gideon Bobertson (the
man who is ao muoh pleased over
the "very nice job" tkat wu made
of the arrests at Winnipeg), hia deputy ministor, F. A. Ackland; Premier
John Oliver aad Minister of Minea
Sloan are among thoso who have had
the working conditions at Coal
Creek under attention during . the
past ten days. A series of telegrams
and letters have been passing to and
from Ottawa and Victoria. Tho
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company
hastened to assure both governments
that it was not thoir Intention "to
abandon Coal Crock" and have
pointed out what great efforts they
aro making to savo the property.
Whon asked to have an investigation into working conditions both
governments have shown that they
are adepts at "passing the buck."
The ministor of mines in British Columbia thinks that the presont
troublo is directly up to the Ottawa
government while the Deputy Ministor of Labor at Ottawa hss a directly opposite opinion. In a letter
to Sam Whitohousc, president of
Gladstone Local Union, S. Bonnell,
M.P., writes in part:
"Tho Deputy Minister of Labor
also wished mo to impress npon your
union as strongly as possiblo the
fact that this federal government
has no jurisdiction whatever over
working conditions in the mines of
tho Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company.
This jurisdiction is ontiroly in the
hands of the provincial government
at Victoria."
Based on tho above opinion Promier John Olivor was approached
with a request for hts government
to appoint an investigation into the
working conditions under the Crow's
Nest Pass Coal Company with the
intimation that assurances of such
an investigation would probably load
to tho ending of the strike within
twenty-four hours. The premier's
roply was very noncommittal. Tlie
District Ledger wired to Premier
Oliver asking him if we were at liberty to publish that then would be
no aseh investigation.
The telegram was sent several
days ago but Premier Oliver haa not
yet givon the authority to say .there
will to no investigation. He wires
that the government has the situation in hand but up to the time of
going to press there has been no an*
nouncoment of any intention of the
provincial government to invest,
Ministor of Mines Sloan js in Nelson attending the mining convention. He will probably be in Fornie
tho lirst of the week.
This week tho secretary of tho
Wostorn Coal Operators, W. F. Mc-
Noll, togothor with Superintendent
Green, of tho Western Canadian Collieries wero in Fornie in conference
with the president of the Westorn
Coal Operators, W. B. Wilson. Anothor visitor was C. P. Hill. They
would divulge nothing for publication.
It is also known that the oporat*
ing department of tho Great Northern aro making anxious inquiries of
the Crow's Neat Pohs Coal Company
regarding the possiblo ending of tho
strike. Tho locomotive crows, to uso
thc expression of a railway petty of-
Itcial, who was on the station platform at Kexford on Wednesday "are
raising particular.hell ovor having
to use rotten eoal now being supplied." —Fernie Lodger.
DiiiWnee in ability and skill
woult bother no "no if no one could
get any income from owning.
Elotous Mirth and Melody
Othtr Big rattans
Organiaztion Will Bring
Better Results Than
Minimum Wage
The Minimum Wage Board, quite
contrary to the expectations and
predictions of tho govornment, has
done nothing but stir up trouble
amongst tho workors since its flrst
sitting. It commenced proceedings
with a misinterpretation of the intention of the government, and the
act, and since thon thoir actions
have shown nothing but an ignom-
inous and abject truckling to the
intorests. Thanks to tho publicity
tho Laundry Workers' Union has
secured, tho agitation is growing.
Other bodios of workors aro inquiring moro closely into the actions of
tho board, with bnt one result—more
agitation will inevitably follow, until both the interests and the workers will be impartially loading it
witk blessings, (t)
The propaganda work of the
union is having a great effect in
the non-union laundries. With the
ready help of the picket committee,
eopiea of the Federationist wero
distributed, which in most eases
wero eagerly read. With tho assistance of the same committoe, a
dodger was also distributed announcing that a mass meeting
would be held, and focusing attention on the dangor the girls stand
in of boing thrown out of employ*
ment and parent-supported girls on
oight dollars a weok being put in
their places. That is the position,
and laundry workers in the nonunion laundries must look it squarely in tho face. The union girls are
protected by thoir wag* agreement.
Tho managers are, or were, at all
ovonts, quito prepared to prove to
the union that they nro paying more
than tho minimum wago scales to
girls undor the age of 18 j yenrs.
Quite so; it is not doubted that they
are paying more now. Thoy knew
through the press, if not from the
board, that the union had protested,
and it was necessary to supply the
board with some plausible excuse.
Tho union Ib not concorned with
what is happening now. It would
not affect the position, of thoy wore
paying $20 a woek. The dangor lies
in the future. When things are
quiot, with apparently overy reasonable excuso tho higher paid girl
will be lot out, ana a parent-
supported girl on eight -dollars put
in her place. The question cannot
be side-stepped; non-union girls
must faco it and realiio the position they aro placed in. Managers,
howover nice they may be, are only
human. To hold thcir position, they
have got to show good profits, and
thoy cannot allow sentiment to en-
tor into tho conflict. If it doos,
sentiment with the high-paid girl
has got to go, or they will go themselves. The union has no personal
feelings against the managers. It
simply realises the position they are
in and the kind of action thoy will
be forced to take to hold that position. And the girls must realise it
too. They cannot lot sentiment
sway them. It is thoir bread and
buttor. Managers doubtless are
often forcod by their position to do
things which aro vory distasteful to
them whon outside pressure is
brought to bear. Are the non-union
girls going to wait until that time
arrives and they flnd themselves on
tho sidewalk out of a job, or are
they going to tnke aetion to protect themselves nowl It is for thom
to decide. The union has no axe to
grind, and it is not needlessly looking for troublo. Its course of action
was decided by tho all too apparent
determination of tho Minimum
Wuge Board to sacrifice tho girls
ami women already working in tho
laundries for tho benefit of paront-
supportod girls, and the injurious
effect tho lowering of tho wages in
the non-union laundries must eventually hnvo on tho wages of the
union girls. Beyond that, as an organization mainly composed, of females, they havo tho interest of
thoir sex nt heart.
Think this over seriously nnd look
out for tho date of tho mass moeting as soon as transportation facilities aro normal.
Make our "laws" conform to n»-
turo's laws and tho forco of attraction will execute thom.
The powor to live by owning instead of working, is tho ourso of tha
Do you ever feel at a loss for a good watch—One yos
can positively rely on always as being correct!
Here is one worth considering:
Birks' Special "Sorvice" Watch, U jewels, Breguot hail-
spring, compensating balanoe, etc.; in gold- tftA Art
filled case—a watoh flt for anyone ................ tJr^SWeVV
Watches for men are our. specialty. Enquiries by mail hav*
the most careful attention.   Send for catalogue.
Geo. E. Troroy
Managing Dir.
Oranvllle at—
Georgia Sts.
--A Morning
Company, limited
The Finest Coffees grown most „ scientifically blended
in order to develop a properly balanced drink,
' 'MALKOT 'S BEST" is the latt word ln Ooffee Blending.	
My method of construction is perfected according
to the fundamental principles of dental science.
All plates are theoretically
correct and perfectly
adapted for comfort and
ease of articulation.
Op-an Enningi 7 to 8 o* Clock
Dental Nurse In Attendance
Comer of Robson Street
Over Owl Drag Stor*
Phon* Ser. 6231
Don't forgot OUB advortisors.
It you  went  your motorcycle  or
bicycle    overhauled   or   repaired   at
reasynablo pricei, pay ut a visit.
We buy and ■•11 uied machine* ol
all klnda. We repair lowing machines. Lawn mowers sharpened. Oet
our prices bofore buying,
Sll MADT ST. (am HutU-lt)
Seymour 9761
1160 Oeorgia Street
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7.30 p.m.
Sunday school immediately following
morning servioe. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Froe reading room,
001-008   Birks   Bldg.
In Rainier Hotol Block
High-grade work promptly executed. Member of Watchmaker!'  Union from itf inception.
Dr. H. E. Hall
Oppotilo BaMta Block
nn emi of a. o. metric niiei
Phone Sty. Mil
Bank of Toronto
or »ioo,ooo,ooo
D-spoalts     79,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT gavlaft Account mar ba
opened at Taa Bank of Toronto
tn tha nana of two or mora
perioai. In thtao aecouata oither
party mar Ilia chequee or depo.it
mane?. For tha different member,
of a tarallr or a arm a joint aeaoaat
la often a great convenience. Intereat
■ paid on balance,.
Vancouver Branch-
Conur BUttnp aad Cambie Streeto
Branohe, at:
Victoria,  MtMtt, aaw
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
, .value.
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats v\
at both stores   ;.'
J. W. Foster
Oaa TOU nil aar Sieknoae aad
doat Pollcleil    Tha coit   la
(tl.00 par month aad ap), taa I
ia larta.
(All accident, aad .Tory known -Hecate covered.)
Wc live good aervice, and need (aad
men to repreaeat ua la all porta et
Brltlih Columbia.
Merchants Casualty Cot
nostra Bulldlnf      Vancouver, B. O.
Blag np nom Seymour S3M tot
.   appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Kite S01 Dominion Building
I    Ur. Union Man, do yon buy at a
anion stout [ telDAT....
- Jtrao 2T, 1919
Groceries for Less
Br serving yourself from the shelves and carrying home
your own goods, tho saving effected is very considerable.
Compare the following prieea with thoae of other stores
and be fully convinced.
Bidgway'a Old Country Teas
reg. 75o for Ste
Seal Brand Coffoo;
B. 0. Berry Sugar, B's 23c
Five Botee Flour, 49'a .-.12.75
Orisco, 1 lb. for  35c
B. 4 K. Boiled Oats, 7 lb»..4dc
Quaker or Alyracr Sugar Corn
for - 20c
Sunlight Soap, i cakoe 23c
Woodward's Bottor Tea. Sao
Woodward'« Bettor Coffoo 46c
Bournville Cocoa . 27c, 47c
Prido of Vancouver Milk....llo
Quaker Standard Pens....l5V_c
H. P. Sauco  _ 24c
Boyal City Tohiatoos, 2i_s 17c
Kellog's Krumbloe, pkg 10>/*.c
Cream of Wheat, pkg. 23c
Aunt Jemima Pancake
Flour 19i/2c
New Orleans Molasses, 2s 19c
Dominion Corn Flakes ...lV/,0
Kellog's Bran  17c
Argood Pickles, sour, sweet,
ehow or onions ..._ .21e
Dol Monte Olivos, tins llo
Worccstor Sauce  :.10o
Lea ft Pcrin's Sauce....Sic, 42c
Libby's Olives, Queen, per
bottlo  _ .20c
Vantoria Raspberry .Turn.  34c
Empress Assorted Jam, 4s 96c
Honey, jar  - 38c
Pure Orange Marmalade,
1«, at * 18c
Begal Shaker Salt He
Franoh Mustard  10c
Reindeer Coffee and Milk
at  14c, 28c
Reindeer Cocoa and Milk,
at  14c, 28c
Baker's Breakfast Coeoa....23c
El Rio Asparagus, tin...! 21c
Postura    26c, 48c
Corn on cob, gallon tins 65c
Heinz Vinegar, quarts, white
or brown 83c
Puro Malt Vinegar, (Shields),
at _. 13c
Clark's Devilled Beef Ham,
at  .7Vic
Clark's Potted Ham, Hs ...13c
B. C. Herrings, tins, *J_s 7c
Blue Point Oysters  29c
Saanich Clams ,.. 15c
B. C. Sockeye Salmon, _> 19c
Nootka Pilchards 17c
"Kootenay" White Cherries,
at - 18>/sc
Keiffer Pears _ 22c
Fraser Valley Raspborries 27c
"Jutland" Brand Sardines,
at 10c
"Crown" Brand Sardinos._!3c
Sago, 2 IDs Jfflc
Toilet Paper, per roll.. 6c
Boyal City Pumpkins 2%s 12c
10 lbs. White Flour. 51c
Malkin's Best Lemonade
Powder  20c
"Chateau" Brand Soups....llc
Jello at  12c
Campboll's Soups 16o
Boyal Grown Soap .23o
The above Specials are for One Week;
commencing: Friday, June 27th
Lady Pope Suggests They
Cover Up Their Ill-
gotten Wealth
There is no disposition to accept
' *-*w*«j*^»» rtomlo troubles tht anfrve advlct tendered by a certain Lady Pope to the
convention of .that amazing society,
the Daughters of the Empire, at
Montreal In view of the prevailing
unrest she counselled her hearers in
sublime and perfect seriousness to
make a point whon they passed a
workman to say, "It is a hot morning" (or a cold morning, as tho caae
might be), and when riding to the
theatre, bejewelled and bedecked, to
keep the lights of their limousines
darkened. No other pronouncement
has lately aroused quite so much hilarity in Canada. •
THROUGH Mount Robson and Jasper Parka across the prairies
through th* most tortile grain belt in tha world to Winnipeg:
Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and Quebec.
■S™J5_^o.¥SLtreli! for Elu,tern States and Atlantie ports.
HMS8T TRAINS, Electric lighted, Standard, and TouriSt Sleep-
ing Cars, also Dining Cars. "
For Bates, Tickots, Literature and Information, apply to    J
605 Hastings St W, Vancouvtr, & O. Phona Seymour 2432
Naylor-Aitken Defence Fund
Albert Houso  $   1.00
Bal Goodwin burial fund    87.50
A Friend, Vancouver     1.00
T. B *     5.00
D. Stewart     1.00
Wm. Neilson  .?    2.00
D. Irvine      2.00
Bridgo te Struc. Ironwkre     5.00
T. and L. CouncU, Vancouver   50.00
Shipyard   Laborers,   Biggers
and Fasteners    25.50
Plumbers and Stearafitrs, Vie   25.00
Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Stable*
men, etc  -
Geo. WinVler
*F. Hubcr       2.00
About the Milk
Situation m
"Please, Folks, won't you stop buying milk from all other
dairies, and just buy from as? If you do, they will all have
to quit business. Then your Neighbor will be compelled to
take our Milk whether she wants it or not In this way, we
can reduce the cost of delivering A TRIFLE, and our percentage of profits will be—!! I mean—we can reduce the
selling price."
Stop a minute, while tkt Ad-man
laughs. Evidently, Barnnm hat converts who think: "Then ia ont bora
overy minute." Barnnm may hart
been right, but we will take a chanet
on the sane, common-sense of Vanconver men and women.
Honestly now, from the experience
yon hare had during the war, do yon
think that if any one Inn controlled
the supply of milk for Vancouver that
you would buy your milk for lessl
Abaolutely No. j
Tha Mather Investigation now being
conducted by the Government, at to the
reason for the high cost of living, illustrates what would happen—as in the
case of The Dominion Textile Oo.
Before the war, when their "competitors' wagons" cluttered up tho street,
this firm wat content with a proflt of
eeven per eent. Immediately their
English competitors wert eliminated,
because of shipping shortage, they increased thoir margin of profit to three
hundred por cont.   Null sed.
Of course, if some ot yon folks atlll believe that it is better to have a monopoly on food necessities, why not give
that monopoly in milk to ths Valley
Dairy, which is best equipped to handle
it. The records and tests aro open to
your investigation. They ahow Tlie
Valley Dairy to be unquestionably in
the lead In this respoct.   Think lt over.
\fl LU£Y
Journeymen Barbers, Van.
I. L. A., Vancouvor	
Sam Davis, Cumberland ...
Sam McLeod Cumberland
C. White, Minto  1.00
John Farmer, Nanaimo   1.00
Mrs. Ella Darlington Victoria 1.00
Motnl Trades Council, Van  '50.00
U. M. W, South Wellington.. 60.00
Paperhangers and Decorators,
Vanconver  50.00
Shipyard Laborers and Biggers,  Vancouver    50.00
Amal. Carpenters and Join*
ers, Vancouver   25.00
Jas. Oibb, Cumberland  2.00
B. C. F. of L  60.00
Boilermakers and Iron Ship*
■builders, etc., Vancouver.... 100.00
U. M. W. of A., Fernie  25.00
Local No. 1 S. P. of C, Edmonton, Alta 4  10.00
V. M. W. of A., Local 1502.... 50.00
Local 1598 U. B. C. te J., Vic. 60.00
Loggers, P. B.  Camp,  King-
como Biver, per Groider  38.50
U. M. W. of A., Local 2155,
Nanaimo   25.00
Moyie Miners' Union   5.00
P. R. P. Co., Camp, Kingcomo
Eivor   6'00
Jas. Maxwell, Cumberland    2.50
A. C. ft J., Vnncouvor  10.00
Local 620, Vancouver, S. & O.
Engineors 60.00
Local 3852, I. L. A. Aux  60.00
Bd. Coe, Cumberland   2.00
P. Anderson, Cumberland  4.00
Joo Viotti  5.00
D. Marchotti  „.  2.00
(■Albert Lane  -  1.00
M. Hermann   2.00
J. MeOuincss   1.00
A. Lobloy  *.  1.00
G. Johnstone  50
R. Izaat   1.00
P.* DsOria  -  1.00
D. Pottor  1.00
G. Toni  .50
Another   1.00
R. Meteor  o  1.00
J. Fielding   1.00
...»  1.00
A. P. McCabo, Smithers, B.C. 2.00
R.*. Pvne, Vancouver  1.00
T. B.   Myles,  White  Man's
Creek   1.00
Tom Beattio, Coleman, Alta*.. LOO
■fl! T; Woloshyn, Forest Hall,
■*S»sk  1.00
■Y, Turnor, Vancouver  - .25
3awyn McLeod, Anyox _. 1.00
i\ Donohue, Vancouver —— 1.00
mi I Floyd
Pure Paints
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.
642 Granville St
PhoM Soy. «10
Wilkee-Barre, Pa.—Nearly 100
miners were killed when sparks
from a live electric wire fell among
several kegs ot powder ln a car
near the entrance of the Hudson
Coal Company's mine. The miners
are bitter againat thit and other
companies who ara charged with
loading powder   on can carrying
minen to and from the minea.
Jack: "Why does the big nation
try to subdue Soviet Russia!"
Jill: "For the saint reaaw tkat
white mtn carried on the African
slave trade."
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Here They Are, Indexed for Tea
Mr. Union Man, Ont Thta Ont and Olve It te Tom Wife
Banks i
Bunk of Toronto, Hastings * Camblo; Victoria, Merritt and New Weatminster.
Royal Bank of Canada, 18 Branches in Vancouver, 89 in B. C.
Union Bank of Canada, Hastings and   Richards; Cordova aad Abbott,
.    Mount Pleasant.
Shelly's „  Phone Felrment 41
Tibialis Limited...
Kruley k Co	
J. A. Flett	
A, McDonald .
R. Dclaney 	
D, Mclsnao	
J. Boyd	
O. Boyes . 	
J. Horbury	
D. Gordon      1.00
J. Bnlagna ,
D. Dunlop	
J. T. Walker .
J. Stoekand ...
Joe Taylor ,
Jaunty Taylor .
H. L. Bate  	
J. Kirkbrlde _	
J. Sarto -.
J. G. Greaves, North Battle-
ford, Sask  5.00
Vio Lodge 456, Machinists.... 75.00
Local No. 5, F. P. H. * D.,
Victoria  25.00
Local 100, S. te E. B. B. E.,
Victoria  10.00
S. Williams, Cumberland  4.00
I. L. A. Local 3840, B. ft S,
Victoria j. 100.00
Local 105, M. M. * 8., Trail.. 5.00
M. W. Smith, Bodell, B. C.  11.00
J. Larson, Smithers   2.00
M. Coe, Cumberland  7.50
W. J. McMillan, Cumberland 7.75
Locnl 1848, II. B. C. ft J., Vio 25.00
J. Williams, Cumberland  5.00
Collection at Bevan  46.00
Peterboro T, & L. C  5.00
Coleman Loeal 2033, U. M. W,
of A  10.00
Shipyard     Laborers,      New
Westminster, B. C  5.00
Oscar Erickson, col., Fernie. 6.00
C. Luff, Parry Sound, Ont  5.00
Port Arthur T. & I.. Council.. 10.00
B. B. * H., Vancouver  0.60
.Local No. 8, S. P. 0., per F.
Williams, Ottawa, Ont  11.60
John Wilson, Cumberland — 2.00
D. Wilson, Vancouver .__ 6.00
W. Turner—  _ M
1.1, B. Harper, Fort Hardy,
J**0- "	
ft. •!. McMillan, Cumberland..
Jrq. Boilermakers, sub Lodge
No. 191, Esquimau  100.00
r. Hermann, Camp 3, Comox
Logging Co _.-. 71.75
%as. Johnson, Chase —. 6.00
typos, No. 201, Victoria  10.00
P. Fnwkos, Hcrrin, 111.  5.00
\oeal No. 8, S. P. C, A. G.
McCallum, Ottawa, Ont  5.50
Ii M. U. No. 281, Vnncouvor.. 20.00
U. B. C. & J, No. 1803..*.  25.00
Beds and Labor Men, Winnipeg, Mni  100.00
J. Moon, N. Battlcford, Sask. 4.00
S. Oliver, Mill Creek, Howe
Sound  - 6.00
S, P. of C, Local No. 2, Vie- 18.00
Civic  Employeos,  Union  No,
28, Vancouver   25.00
J. Taylor, Cumberland   1.00
T. te L. C, Saskatoon, Sask. 10.00
I. L. A. 3841, Princo Rupert- 35.50
F. Taperre, Cumberland - 21.50
M. M. ft S. W. U., No. 100,
Kimborloy — 50.00
B. R. C. of A., Pt. Mann „ 5.00
U. I. U. of N. A., 49, Winn.... 15.00
J F. Connol, Konora, Ont. .-. 1*00
J. Beagric, Swellwell, Altn..... 3.00
J. McMillan, Cumberland ..._. 2.00
U. M. W. of A., No. 1435, Am-
stredam, Ohio  25.00
L. U. No. 2581, U. M. W. A.
Amsterdam, Ohio    10.00
T. L. Council, Hamilton, Ont. 5.00
H. Melbn, Horso, Butte  1.00
B. C. ft J., Trail  10.00
P. E. C., S, P. C., Winn, Man 60.00
Hc-lley M. ee M. U., B. C. „ 24.50
O. *M. O 'Brien, Boch, N. T. „ 2.00
Reds, Parry Sound, Ont  7.00
U. B. of C. te J., No. 2061, Pt.
Coquitlam  : -  85.00
U. M. W. of A., Local No.
2227, Carbondulc, Alta  10.00
T. L. Council, N. Westminstor 5.00
R. Gardner, Eagle Hill, Alta . 3.00
L A. of M. No. 161, N. West
minster B. C  15.00
Pattern   Makers  Association,
Vancouver  5.00
M. Hermann and E. Peroddi,
Cumberland '. - 21.60
W. K. Bryce, Riverhurst, Sat. 2.00
T. I.. Couneil and 8. P. of C,
per W. A., Wlnnipog —. 57.00
Ret. by J. Williams and J.
Naylor, oxp. witnesses, etc. 43.60
Refund from T. Roberts, defonce per O. Stephenson . 208.20
flrand total , $2518.95
Deposited in Bank  $2519.45
Bird,   Macdonald   ft   Earle,
legal services , , g   87,00
W. Braes, sec, expenses       9.25
B. Pcurce, serving writ on
LMags. Shaw and Humes......
J. Naylor and D, Aitken, ex-
. ^enses to Nanaimo _
Ji Williams, exp. witnesses..
Bird,   Macdonald   ft   Earle,
[legal services —-
p. P. Harrison, lcgnl sorv..-
W. Braes, sec. cxp. and two
days' wages at $5.00 _     18.00
J. McMillan ,exp. wit- 10.00
wan ft Brookhouse, print 40.00
'-Stephenson, ro T. Roberta
defenco fund     600.00
Breczo ,re Mrs. Knight
dofenco fund    260.00
J. Williams, expenses Aitken and witnessos to Nanaimo for Aitken trial    150.00
Bird,   Macdonald   ft   Earle,
prof, services    500.00
Jas. Small and J. McMillan,
auditing committoe t,     26.00
Defonce of others      74.85
Total expenditure $2519.40
john McMillan,
james small.
A flve-day week has been granted
to reporters, copy-readers and editors on the English newspapers owned by Lord Northcliffe. Thoro la a
newspaper writers' u*-*-<-o ie England,
You Are "Undesirable" If
You Want Decent
A deputation of Veterans waited
upon Premier Norria ot Manitoba,
and, among other things, asked
that the high cost ot living he reduced and that the alien be not
permitted to compete with white
To the firat request the Premier
gave his most faithful promise
that he would, directly the strike
waa over (whon that wil be he did
not state), Immediately proceed to
Ottawa and "Pass the Buck"—we
beg pardon—he would demand AN
To the second proposition the
Premier had an equally Ingenious
answer. He Informed the Veta that
the Government Intended to start
another investigation and that the
result of this Investigation would
be that the "undesirable" alien
would be shipped ont. With a forgotfulness, characteristic of hie
kind, Premier Norria, however,
omitted to state what they intended to do with the "good" aliens.
This article Is written with a view
to remedying the Premier's omission, and we Intend to tell the returned man what they Intend to do
with the "good" alien.
In the first place, it was not tbe
agitator" who brought the alien
desirable or otherwise—here. Tbe
transportation companies spent millions ot dollars in bringing the alien
here—because they wanted cheap
labor. Labor unions have always
discouraged immigration from
Southern Europeans and Asiatics.
Now, If there are any Veterans who
imagine that the gentlemen who
brought the aliens here are going
to deport tliem, leaving themselveB
at the mercy of the white man, then
thoy should not be loose.
Neither the C. P. R. nor any other
concern of a like kind Interested
in cheap labor Is going to agree to
the removal of the "good" alien,
but they certainly will advocate
most vigorously for tlie removal of
the "undesirable" alien.
The "undesirable" alien It the
educated alien. The "good" alien
is the man who Is competing against
the "white" mnn.
The educated union man today
Is insisting that Russia be left to
settle her own affairs. Why? Because the educated worker knows
that the alien was driven hore
through purely economic reasons.
And that reason: Because condli
tlons were such that he could not
make a decent living. If the Russian people can succeed in creating condltlona In that country sufficiently good and stable to Induce
tha alien to return, be will do ao.
Therefore, there will be no occasion to talk about "deporting.",
What wore the Veterans told
when tlicy visited a Calgary packing plant? Tliot "white" men would
not do the work! Certainly not—
for tho wages paid and the conditions to bn endured.
learned the way to die—now, for
the shIiu uf democracy, learn the
way to LIVE.
Refnee to be fooled any longer
by professional politicians.—Cellar:* Strike Bulleiln.
...618 Hastlngi Street Watt
..342 Main Street, Seymour 8761
,..■■   Hastings Btreet Wtat
Pocket Billiard Parlor...
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Rooms)..
...42 Hastings Street Eaat
 Hastings Strati Eut
Boots and Shoes
Johnstons Big Shoe Storo-  408 Hastlngi Watt
Goodwin Shoe Co.,  119 Hastings Street Bait
Nodclny Shoe Co 1.1047 Granville Btreet
Pierro Paris  64 Haatinge Strttt Wtat
Wm. Dick Ltd. .Hastings Straet Eaat
Ingledew Shoe Store...
Bank Buffet	
Good Eats Cafe...
Trocadoro Cafe,
 666 QnnviUe Street
Cafes .
 Conor Hastings and Homer Struts
_  110 Cordova and 628 Pendtr Wtat
-   156 Haatingt Street Walt
China ware and Toys
Millar ft Coo. Ltd....- 419 Hastings Stroet Weat
El Doro and all Union Label Cigars
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold ft Quigley.     546 Granville Street
Claman's Ltd - _   153 Hastings Street West
,..309*315 Haatingt Street Weal
 349 Heatings Street West
..128 Hastings Street East
Clubb ft Stewart.	
B. O. Outfitting Co...
B. C. Tailoring Co	
Wm. Dick Ltd	
Thos. Foster ft Co., Ltd...
J. W. Foster ft Co, Ltd-*
..33-49 Hastings Street East
 514 Granville Street
...345 Heatings Stnet Weil
J. N. Harvey Ltd -.125 Hastlnga Wost and Victoria, B. O.
Hudson's iiajj Co. ..   Corner Granville and Georgia
The Jonah-Prat Co   401 Hastings Street Weet
New York OutHttting Co 143 Hasting! Street West
Bickson's -    880 Granville Stnet
David Spencer Ltd.  ,...-' Hastings Street
W. B, Brumitt...
Thomns ft McBain...
Woodwards Ltd...
T. B. Cuthbcrtsons ft Co...
...Cordova Stnet
..Granville Street
..Hastings and Abbott Streets
Kirk ft Co, Ltd...
Macdonald Murpolo Co...
Hillcrest Dairy
 Granvillo Straet and Halting! Street
 929 Main St, Seymonr 1441 and MI
  1001 Main Stnet
Drs. Brott Anderson and Douglas Casselman ——60S Hastlngi Weat
Dr. W. J. Curry -.301 Dominion Building
Dr. Gordon Campbell _ Corner Granville and Bobson Streeta
Dr. II. E. Hall  19 Hastings Street East, Seymour 4042
Dr. Lowe _   Corner Hastings and Abbott Streets
-Cor Hastings and Homer Streete
..Westminster Brewery Co.
Bnnk Buffett	
Britannia Boer 	
Cascade Beer Vancouver Breweries" Ltd.
Taxi—Soft Drinks. _  409 Dunsmuir Street
Van Bros.....  .Cidon asd wines
Dry Goods
..Granville Street
Gordon Drysdale Ltd...
Brown Bros, ft Co. Ltd.  -IS Hastings East ud 728 Granvillo Stnet
Funeral Undertakers
Center ft Hanna Ltd - 1049 Georgia, Seymour 2493
Nunn, Thomson ft Glegg...- — -    -    ..531 Homer Street
Hastings Furniture Co..	
Canadian Furniture Co.	
Cal-Vnn Markot...
...41 Hastings Street West
 Hastings Stnet Weet
..Bogcn Building
...Hastings Stroet Opposite Pantages
Slaters" (threo stores) Hastings, Granville and Main Streeta
S. T. Wallace Marketeria.- 118 Hastings Street Wost, Seymour 18M
Woodwards -—— - Hastings and Abbott Streets
Spencers Ltd   ,  Hastings Street
II udson 's Bay Co   __ GranvUle Street
Merchants' Casualty Co 	
Birks Ltd.— - Granville and Georgia Street!
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin (Malkin's Beat)
-«<    Overalls and Shirts
"Twin Bute _- —..(Jat. Thomson ft Sons, Vancouver, B. C.)
"Big Horn" Brand (Turnor Booton ft Co, Victorin, B. O.)
HuntorHendcrson Paint Co    642 Granville Stretl
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookhouso   Lnbor Templt
Clcllnnd-Dibblo —   Tower Building
P. G. E,. — and tho   C..N. 1
J. A. Flott —  Hastings Street Weil
— - —.Hastings Street Wast
Martin, Finlayson ft Mather..... _.	
Theatres and Movies
Empress —.. Orpheum _-... Pantsgot _....- Columbia —._ Maple lnu mo—o************************^***m
BLEVT-irni teab. Ko.ii     THIS BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b.
Why Pay
When Ike fa«tn cf the prt*v*t High Cont of Livms »rn brought
out by the Coram biian now fDVestisntlng, tbe onu raJicnt point
that will be moat evident, is thtt th« Consumers thtm-telrM
are largely responsible.
Tbls Is so obvious, whet yeu stop to think, that we often
wendur why it bas not oaiucd mora Minuter, t. 01 coarse, wo
nabs* that profiteering, supply, wages, etc., etc., have alao
had their effect. But you alone are largely responsible for tbe
present high prices.    Why!
Baeaiue ninety ptr cont. of the women do the baying. Because a big portion of that btyiag Is done oxer the 'phone.
They do not sot tbo goods, Thoy do not compare prices.
They do not pay tash. Thoy do not do their own delivery.
They do uot attempt to bny direct from the Producer.
THE CAL-VAN MARKET is tbo tanrii'lo proof that If you tray
direot from th* Prothetr, you can lower the cost of yonr Food*
■tuffs from irs to fifty per cut. Tbls Is not mere talk. Tha
prices and the goods are here to prove it.
Tou will soo in today's Price List, Tea at forty-nine coats per
pound, thst yoa will pay all tho w-ty front sixty to seventy-five
cents por pound tor e__.fw_ioft. You will seo Meat at ton centa
per pound, that you will pay tw-jnty cent* per peund for else*
where. Toil will soe Grct-eri-tu at' ten to fifty ]*»r rent, loaa.
Also Fish. Vegetables u-d other necessities fo.' less--Why
pay morel
Cal-Van Market
Clubb & Stewart
309-315 Hastings St. West
Established in Business 29 Years
Our reputation for reliable goods and a square
deal for everybody is known to you all.
.Whether you pay us $18.00 or $50.00 for a suit,
you get value f or the money received. We guarantee satisfaction. - '
Working Shirts, Gloves and Overalls in Best
(Quality. The best is none too good for you.
Take tbe trip to Vancouver's popular resort,
Beached only by the scenic route of the North Vancouver Line
of the
The ideal spot for picnio parties.
tne tables and seats installed in a cool, shady park for the vie
of picnickers.  A safe beach for children.
A Sports Ground 300 to 75 feet il available for Excursion "Parties
Refreshments and accommodation obtainable at two hotels.
Passenger Train Schedule for Sundays and Dominion Dayi
Leaving North Vincou.er for
WbyleclllI   (Honeih-ie Bar)
8:40 s.m.
12:30 dm.
Retvrnlnr Iron
9:25 am.
12:25 p.m.
RETURN FARE 60c—Good Day of Issue Only
For further particulars phone Seymonr 9547
Welton Building 326 Howe Street
Cigar Store
The Place for Pipes . A
310 Car ral Street
3 Day Cigar Special
X,       .  -    EL DORA
Ideal size, as sold everywhere 2 for 25c,
only     * '
10c each
The -demand for indemnities is ea-fwar oosts.   In principle it is just,
gentially an appeal to the irrational
instincts of the mob. Primitive armies always loot. Timo after timo
civilization might have been overrun by barbarian hordes had it not
been for their propensity to pillage.
A civilized army acts on the maxim
that looting is the worst foe 4b discipline. A civilized peoplo knows
that it* endangers its-own victory, if
it gives way to the specious clamor
for indemnities. An indemnity, after all, is simply looting reduced to
regular and official methods.
The first and most obvious objection to an indemnity is that there
is no discoverable way in which it
oan be paid without injury to the
industry of the nation which receives it. Tho plain man, I supposo,
pictures the arrival of the indemnity
in bars and barrels of gold, aboard
a German warship, which duly do-
posits its load on tho shores of the
Firth or in London docks. Tho plain
man must familiarize himself with
some of tho elementary facts of economics.
There is not gold enough in tho
world to pay a perceptible fraction
of our war costs, to say nothing of
thoae of our Allies. Nor would it
mako any differenco if thero wcro.
Germany has no gold mines, and she
eould pay her indemnity in gold only
by flrst buying gold abroad. Sho
could buy it only by exporting her
manufactures in exchange for gold.
Whether tho' nominal payment iH
mado in gold or in interest-bearing
securities, or by a banker's transaction, tho root fact is that tho real
payment can bo made only in goods.
Onr Workers Woald Bo Starved
Minister of Labor to Say
If Strike Vote Is
to Be Taken
Employers to Have Representative on Strike
Vote Committee
A very interesting document came
into the Federationist offico this
week. It is n document that haa
evidently boen sent out to all employers, and with it waa an accompanying lettor written by J. Hart
of thc B. C. Manufacturers' Association. Here ia tho enlightening document:
[By Mr, A. B. Weeks, mannger, Canadian Northwest Steel Company,
It is the opinion of tho writer,
after discussion with many employers of labor, that mnny strikes which
otherwiso could bo avoided, are mado
possibly solely by thc methods of
handling discussions of the issue,
previous to tho polling of a Btrike
In any case of dispute between
employer and employees, particularly in cases whero the men aro organized or working under union conditions, too usual courso of procedure is for the business agent or delegate of the craft* affected to ap-
pronch the employor for tho discus-'
sion of tho points under dispute.
This discussion ia often not of a
frank nature, an Ethiopian generally boing concealed in the wood-pile
by ono side or tho other and thc
discussion is ofton of un antagonistic nature rather than an arlmra-
tivc nature.
Following tho discussion botweon
the employer and tho businoss agent
or delegate of tho crafts affected,
the agwnt will roport back to tho
craft and in reporting will generally
ao fhapo his report that it will meet
his own ends and result in misrepresentation to tho craft affected
rather than presenting a roport
which will lay tho true and unbiased
conditions before tho men for consideration. Further, in the strike
votes takon, it is tho opinion of
many men who havo studiod labor
conditions to a considerable extent,
that theso.striko votes aro seldom
representative of labor as a whole.
The bottor elass workmen having
his own home and tho responsibility of fe family, often refuses to attend labor meetings on account of
their radical nature,and further on
account of the abuse to which he
would be subject should ho express
an opinion not in agreement with
that of tho loaders.
Most of the striko votes are taken
at meotings after the temper of the
men has boon inflamed, due to radical, and to say the least very unfair statements on tho part of the
labor leaders. It is the writer's opinion that could tho machinery be pro- bo tho duty of the committeo to
vided by law governing the proeed-(receive thoso ballots, consult the list
uro of discussion ond polling of the J of men  affected and seo that  tho
and the Germans who respect the
good namo of their own country
would desiro to pay this debt, especially to Belgium, in order to purge
their record, so far as repatriation
can purge it. from a crime. But evon
this demand must be treated with
caution. If the bill of damages is
swollen out to tho dimensions of a
punitivo indemnity, tho same dire
consequences will follow, and thore
will be dumping on a scalo ruinous
to our own industries, Fronch production was actually stimulated by
the strenuous efforts to pay off the
indemnity promptly after 1871, and
German production was deprossod.
Mr. Winston Churchill has boen tolling the electors of Dundee that his
government proposes to compel German shipyards to build ships to replace thoso which tho U-boats havo
destroyed. I wonder what his
strange yoke-follow, Mr. Wilkie, of
tho shipwrights, thought of tbat proposal. If these ships are built in
Hamburg, it seems to follow that
fower ships will ho built on tho
Clyde ond the Tyne, and, above all,
that tho new yards at Montrose and
elsowhero will go short of work.
Another Point Worth Noting
There is another objection to tho
policy of an indemnity. It has novor
been proved to be possiblo in history to exact a big indemnity without leaving an army of occupation
in tho defeated country to enforco
punctual payment. It scorns to follow that the Allied occupation of
tho .Rhine country must continue for
some years, perhaps for many years.
That means either that large numbers of our mon will not como home,
If Germany is to bo made to pay and will be demoralized by an idlo,
our war costs, tho thing is possible
only on ono condition. We must
open our ports to all tho manufactured and half-manufactured goods
which she chooses to send to us—
steel, machinery, glass, dyes, textile goods, and what-,not. The stream
of these things must flow incessantly, and flow on until thc whole of
our 8000 million war debt is covered. This, mark you, would not be
trade. Trado means exchange. But
Gormany must send those goods
without taking anything in exchnnge; otherwiso there would bo no
payment from her to us. This, one
need hardly pause to explain, would
be "dumping "in cxcelsis, dumping
en a scalo unknown in tho world's
history. As all thoso goods came
over our own works nnd factories
would gradually diminish thcir output and nt length closo down.. In a
few months tho whole body df the
workers would bo calling for mercy
and begging to be spared from this
terriblo indemnity beforo it had! r«
duced thcin to starvation and hm-
employment, Tho French indemnity
paid to Germany from 1871 on'wnddf
did, in fact, cause tho worst i*miin
clal crisiB in all the annals o'f Germany, but its amount was thC'nicre
trifle of 200 millions.
Dangers of Paying for Repatriation
Tho demand for an indemnity >to
compensate Belgium, and to make
good the losses suffered by civilians
in Franco and elsewhere, is morally a different category from tho demand for an indemnity to pay our
strike vote, that tho majority of
strikes and particularly sympathetic
strikes, could bo avoided. With this
idea in mind tho writer would respectfully submit for your consideration tho following method of procedure.
Prior to the calling of any strike,
permission to take a strike voto
must be obtained from the Minister
of Labor, which permission shall be
granted within Ave days of the application. At tho same time that
lormission to tako the strike vote
s granted. The Ministor of Labor
shall provido for the appointing of
a committee of five to handle tho
strike vote, two members of tho committee to be nominated by and from
the crafts affected, two members to
bo nominatod by tho employers affected by tho dispute, and the iiftli
member to be a judgo of the County
or Supreme Court, who shall bo appointed by the Minister of Labor.
The Judge of the Court shall be
Chairman of the committeo and shall
convene the Committeo.
It shall be tho duty of this committee to select headquarters for the
taking of the striko vote. This committee shall further obtain from the
crafts having the grievance, a brief
setting forth thoir causo for grievance and their argumonti in substantiation thereof. Tho committeo
shall present this brief to the employers affected, who shall draft
their reply, point for point and argument for argument. These two documents shall be printed, as well as
a ballot for tho taking of the vote,
stating whethor in favor of strike
or not in favor of striko; In favor
of arbitration, and providing space
for remarks. The employers affected and also tho eraft affected must
furnish the abovo committee with
tho home address of all employees
who are to vote on the issuo. It
shall be the duty of the committee.
to mail to each employee at his
home address a copy of tho above-
mentioned briofs, together with a
ballot, a plain envelope for enclosing the ballot, and an addressed,
stamped envelope in which tho ballot is to be mailed to the headquarters of the committee.
This will givo tho workmon affected an opportunity to pursue for
himself tho arguments both on tho
part of tho craft affected and tho
employor affected. This man can
have tho advantage of discussing
the points under consideration with
his wifo and family. He will have
tho opportunity of further discussion of tho points at issue with his
fellow workmon with whom ho cares
to associate. He will have the advantage of using his own best judgment in arriving at his conclusions
in the privacy of his own home,
rathor than under tho influenco of
high pressure steam roller methods
generally adopted at labor trades
meetings. Ho shall then record his
vote, placing the ballot in tho plain
envelope enclosed for the purposo
which he shall then seal and without any marks of identification
whatover, shall enclose tha envelope
containing the ballot in the addressed, stamped enveyope provided for
tho purpose and mail this ballot to
the headquarters of Uie committee.
On the back of this envelope he shall
writ* hii namo and addw*. It shall   if what would happen ia fact.
man voting is properly authorized
to vote and shall check opposite his
name tho fact that he hus voted.
The outside envelope shall then be
removed and tho plain envelope containing tho ballot shnll bc placed in
a scaled ballot box for thc purpose.
At the end of tho poriod provided for voting, say two weeks, the
committeo shall declaro the ballot
closed. Thoy will then have an opportunity of checking the voter's
list and will know forthwith tho proportion of the vote, whether or not
it represents 50 por cent., 00 per
cent., 80 per cent., or so forth of the
men affected. They shall then pro-
ceod to tho polling of the ballot. Tho
result of thiB polling shall immediately be mado public and the employers, tho craft affected, and the
minister of Labor shall immediately
be notified "of tho result of the poll.
Should tho poll be In favor of a
strike tho Ministor of Labor shall
immediately grant permission to tho
representatives of tho craft.affected
for tho calling of such striko. Should
tho poll be in favor of arbitration,
tho parties affected shall be so notified and tho proper steps taken in
forming tho arbitration board.
Should the poll declare against a
strike, it shall bo an offense on the
part of any individual to call a
strike, which offense shall bo punishable by fine and imprisonment.
It should, howovor, be tho privilege of any disgruntled employee not
wishing to be govorned by the. voto
of his craft, to resign his position,
which resignation should entitle him
to absolutely no action on the pari
of his craft but should be done as
an individual act. It might be well
to provido in the voting somo residence of membership clause requiring a certain time of residonce or
membership to place the man in
good standing and to entitle hint, to
vote on tho issue, tho writer believing it best to deprive a man ofl hiB
ballot should he  fall  within' * that
claas who como into our community
one day, obtain work shortly.(thereafter, and immediately after obtaining employment, start an agitation
for a strike. <0 ■
It might furthor bo well to istipu-
lato that committees, delegates. or
agents representing cither omployers
or employees, must at least have a
common school education which
would insure at least the preliminary training necessary to entfbjq a
man to givo fair consideration | to
both sides of tho question.     1   ,
As will be seen from the above,
a legal enactment of this kind would
not affect tho rights of the men to
atriko, but would only provide tho
machinery necessnry to tho obtaining of tho fair-minded opioion and
fair vote of tho men affected.
The lost paragraph is something
that the workers of this part of the
world should considor. It is only necessary to call their attention to the
fact that if this legislation was passed the workers would have to ask
permission of tho Minister of Labor
beforo a atriko could bo takon. With
the present incumbent in that position in office, the workon would
never have the right to strike. In
othor words, while the legislation
would not say that workers would
not have the right to strike, yet that
unproductive life in a foreign land,
or else it means that we must continuo conscription, and send out
drafts of the lads of 18, year after
year, to pass through the military
mill—in Prussia. Ono' cannot plan
harm to another people without injuring oneself in the process.
Tho worst aspect of this policy
is that it is strangling German domocracy in its cradle. Wo are visiting the sins of the kaiser and his
junkers on the people which has cast
off their yoke. We aro making
standard argument ia Prussia itsolf
for militarism. Tho Germans will
say what they said after their humiliation by Napoleon at Jena, '' We
can bo strong and independent, only
under tho Arm leadership of Prussia." To make debt-slaves of the
German people can have only ono of
two results. Either they will make
a violent Bolshevist revolution and
repudiate the debt, or else thoy will
rally to tho old war-lords and prepare for another war of liberation,
Mr. Lloyd George has argued frankly that we ought to treat Gormany
as she trcutcd France in 1871. From
tho sume conduct the same consequences will follow. Bismarck visited on tho new Republican France
tho offenses of tho Second Empire.
Tim result was that the new France
rallied to tho idea of revenge, and
half a contury of rivalries iu armaments culminated in thiB war. The
Coalition is repeating Bismarck's infallible reccipe for making an inevitable war. It is destroying in the
process the possibility of any true
League of Nations,
Deadweight of Debt for Generations
Our rulers are putting our intelligence to the test with this irresponsible chatter about "making Germany pay." Their aim is to distTact
attention from labor's expedient—
thc levy of capital. On our backs
in thiB hour of victory and elation
there hangs tho load of nearly 8000
millions of war debt. That is a figure of astronomical magnitude.
There is, however, a convenient foot-
rulo which we can 'use to measure
it. The annual chargo upon it will
bo nearly 400 millions. That is just
twice the wholo of our yearly national expenditure in pre-war days.
Wo are still paying for tho gunpowder used at Waterloo, If we follow
the old ways, then for generations
to como this deadweight of dobt will
lie upon the country, and hamper
every effort at social reconstruction.
Every twenty years we shall pay
in interost a sum equal to tho whole
of this dobt, and still the dobt will
remain. Most of lt was incurred
when the pound was actually worth
10b. As years go on, and prices fall
to the normal level, the nappy investor will flnd that his 1 pound in
war bonds would bo worth 20s. His
gains by this financier's magic will
furnish the most glaring instance of
unearned increment in economic history. Worst of all, so long as the
interest on this debt remains the
flrst charge upon the national revenue, an honest chancellor of the exchequer will bo driven to resist overy
domand for new expenditure, however urgent it may be. In vain shall
we call for housing schemes, for
higher pensions to disabled soldiors
or the aged, for measures to improve
the nation's health or to encourage
education and raise the status of
the teachers.
The Only Way Ont
There is no way of meeting these
demands unless we have the courage to face this debt and wipe it
out. The thing ean be done by
means of a levy, not upon incomos,
but upon capital. The percentage
taken must be graduated; sums up
to 1000 pounds must go freo. The
chief burden must fall on the millionaire profiteer. The scheme, however, iB not a vindictive or primitive measure. In reality the rich
man who contributes, say, 121-2 per
cont. (the average figure) of his
capital to clear off the debt once
for all, will pay very much less in
the long run than ho and his children would pay if ho had to meet tho
yearly oharge on this gigantic debt
with an income-tax of 7a. in tho
pound. It is no injustice even to
rich men that we mediate. The plan
is opposed only by those strange patriots who want to see the money
whioh they gave to their country in
her need breeding and multiplying
for over. It is to evade that that
our demagogues talk of "making
the enemy pay." The real money
is the financial profiteer, the debate goes on. It will decide the most
momentous question in our history.
Aro we mob or democracy! Mobs
welter in erude emotion; democracies think.
.Js» 87, JM
We Are Headquarters for Men's Wear
Every Oood Kind of Outing Shirt for Men
No Better Value Anywhere
White Piquo Shirts, also whito haircord Stripes,
with collar attached   „$1.00
Plain white repp .... « 11.25
Faney Striped Vestings and Madras at $1.60
Heavy White Ducks and Drills .$2.00
Shirts in cream, blue and grey; also fancy stripe
patterns, priced at $1.50
Fine Cambrics, in fancy stripes, at - $2.00
Fancy Stripe Silk Shirts, $2.50' and.  -$3.00
White and Pongoo -Bilk, with loose or reversible
collar at $3.75 to „ « $5.00
Men'i Leather BelU
are here in a most exhaustive selection—black, tan,
grey and fancy stripe; each 50?, 75c, $1.00 and $1.50
Black Leather Beits with oxidized silver -initial
buckle; each at   $1.50
Men's Socles for Summer Wear
Silk Lustre, in black and.white only; 3 pairs....$l 00
Silk Lisle, in groy^, tan and fawn; pair .50c
Fibre Silk, r.plondid for summer wear; pair for.-S0c
Fine Cashmore Socks, in whito; pair 60p and...85c
White and Tan Socks, with fancy stripes, silk lisle;
per pair _ 75c
Men's Cotton Pyjamas, $1.65 Suit
They aro mado of good heavy quality white and
eream cambric, well fashioned and finished with
braid frogs, We aro confident that there is no
valuo like them in the city.
Men's Batting Suit*
Plain B-ilbriggan* navy, trimmed with red; til alios
SS to -12, tt   . Jtuto
Heavier weight, in navy, trimmed with cold or
white; up to cue, it, tor.  .fl.ei!
Bathing Suite, in heavy Jersey man, in • range of
good colon; green, navy, blown, groy, maroon and
blaek; trimmed with bright eontr-ieting colora.88.75
Wool Bathing Suite, in a variety of tatty colors, at i _   _  |4,m
Pure Wool SuitB, in dart green, grey, green, brown,
. navy, heathor   and .Oxford,   trimmed   with con-
trasty stripes, at.....'__ „ Jt6.75
Pride of the WeBt puro wool garmcuta in green,
navy, grey and blnck, with contrasty trimming,
at  _~.-_._4  17.50
Auto Gauntlet*
A very good Glove in blaok sheepskin; very service-
uble, price, per pair _j..jl.75
Fino quality Black Capo Gauntlet, with strap fas-
tenor, per pair  ._.._   _..f_.50
Tan Gauntlets, with and without fringes, 12.26,
13.00, $3.50, and .-   _.. KM
Soft Collars
Plain white nud a variety of faney stripe*, newest
Bhupes, in eotwu aud silk. Each, Hie, 35c, <0c and
WaiU Ties
Newest strip, and brocade effects from New York;
tubular and reversible, etch, 26c, Mc ond. _.60c
David Spencer, Limited
Butto, Mont.—MoBt favorable reports on tho Ono Big Union propos*
al are being received from all over
tho state and there is no doubt but
what tho convention will be n wonderful success and the beginning of
tho landslide of tho workers into it
similar to Canada. Every preparation is being made for the convention which meets at 10 a.m. on tho
morning of July 6.
We wear out more muscle at muscular work, and more grey matter at
mental work, that we do not like,
tban at work we enjoy. Tho former is hard work—labor; the latter is
mtny work—play.
Electric and Violet Ray
by scientific massucso, scalp and
670 GranvUle Street, Suite 5
Hours—12 to 9
Vancouver Unions
ecutive committee: President. ¥,.
Winch; vice-president, J. Kavanagh;
treaaurer, F. Knowles; aergoant-at-arma,
W. A. Alexander; trustees, W. A. Pritchard, W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonneil, H.
Gutteridge; seoretary, - V. R. Midgley-.
Room 210 Lahor Templo,
ell—Meeta aecond Monday in the
month. President, J. V. McConnell; sec-
retary, R. H. Neelanda. P. 0. Box 66,
tlonal Union of America, Local No,
120—Meets aecond and fourth Tuesdays
in the month, Room 205 Labor Temple.
President, C. E. Herrltt; secreUry, S. H.
Qrant, 820 Cambie Street.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodpo No. 194—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m. President,
M. A. HcEachern, 1245 Alberni St.; secretary-treasurer, Angua Fraser. 1151
Howe Street; business sgent, J. A.
Moore, Room 212 Labor Temple,
and Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 07
—Meets second and fourth Mondays.
President Jas. Hastings; financial secretary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, 1546
12th Ave. East.
Loeal No. 617—Meets every second
and fourth Monday evening, S o'clock,
Labor Temple. President, M. McKensle; secretary, J. R. Campbell; business
agent and flnanclal secretary, T. Thom,
Room   20S   Labor  Temple.    Phone   Sey.
218—Meets at 440 Pender Street
West, every Monday, 8 p.m. President, H. H. Woodside, 440 Pender W.;
recording secretary, W. Foulkes, 440 Pender Street West; financial socretary and
business agent, E. H. Morrison, 440
Pender Street West; assistant aeeretary,
F. R. Burrows.	
ployoes, Lt«al 28—Meets every flrst
Wednesday In the month at 2:30 p.m.
and every third Wednesday In the month
at 9:30 p.m. President, Harry Wood;
secretary and business agent, W. Mackensle, offlce and meetlnfc hall, 614 Pender St. W. Phone Sey. 1681. Office
hours:   11 to 12 noon; 2 to 5.
ers1 Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Temple. President, W.
Holmes, Colonial Apta., Burrard Btreet;
secretary-treasurer, D. J. Snell, 916
Dunsmuir Street,
\T. 0. LOGGERS' UNION—Affiliated
with B. C, Federation of Labor and
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—
An Industrial onion of all workera in
logging and construction camps. Headquarters, 61 Cordovi Btreet West, Van*
couver, B. C. Phone Sey. 7856. E.
Wincb, secretary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Macdonald A Co., Vancouver, B. C; auditors, Messrs. Buttar
k Chlene, Vancouver, B. 0.
Association, Local 8S52—Offloe and
hall, 804 Pender Street West. Meeta
flrst and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F, Chapman; business
agent, P.  Sinclair.	
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 648—
Meets flrst and third Tuesdays of each
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
H. E. Wills; recording secretary, Fred
Lilly; finanoial secretary and business
agent,  T.  W. Anderson,  687  Homer  St.
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. President, Wm. Hunter, 318 Tenth Ave, North
Vancouver; financial aeeretary, E. God-
dard, 856 Richards Street; recording aeeretary, J, D. Russell, 928 Commercial
Drive.   Phone High. 2204R.
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 86A,
Series 6—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays
of ths month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
President, John Sully; financial secretary, M. A. Phelps; business agent and
corresponding secretary, W. Let, Ofllce,
Room 219-220 Labor Temple.	
and Operating Englneera, Loeal No.
620—Meets every Monday, 7:80 p.m.,
Labor Temple. President, Dave Hodge,
677 Richards Street, City; vice-president,
Frank Hunt, 1922 Second Avenue West;
secretary-treasurer and business sgent,
W. A. Alexander, Room 216 Labor Temple.   Phone Seymour 7495.
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant,
1st aud Srd Mondays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell; recording secretary, A. V. Lofting, 5280 St. Catherines
Street; troasurcr, E. 8. Cleveland;
financial secretary and business agent,
Fred A. Hoover, 2400 Clark Drive; office
corner Prior and Main streets.
feur's Union, Local No. 656—Meets
every 2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m.
President, W. M, Brown; business agent,
F. Haslett, 125 Fifteenth Avenue East;
financial secretary, Birt Showier, 1120
Robson Street; phone Sey. 5679. Offlce
"87 Homer Street,
Meets last Sunday of each month at
2 p.m. President, W. H, Jordan; vice-
president, W. H. Youhill; secretary-
treasurer, R. H, Neelands, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
In annual convention in January. Excutive officers, 1916-19: President, J.
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vancouver;
vice-presidents—Vanconver Island: Cumberland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J, Taylor;
Prince Rupert, Geo. Casey: Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell; New Westminster, Geo. McMurphy; West Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Roberts; Crow's
Nest Pass, W. B. Phillip*, fernle, W. A.
-Wcnua.     0eei*Ui?3nwaH4   A,   &
Wells, Labor Tomple, 405 Dunsmuir St.,
Vancouver, B. 0.	
VIC10MA, B. 0.
and Labor Council—Moots first and
third Wednesdays, Knlglits of Pythias
Hail, North Park Streot, at 6 p.m. President, B. Simmons; lice-president, T,
Dooley; secretary-treasurer, Christian
Siverts, P. 0. Box 802, Victrris, B. 0.
ers, Local 1777—Meata flrst and third
Mondays in I. 0. 0. F. Hall, Lower Kieth
Road Enst, at 8 p.m. President, H. H.
Foster; Unanolal secretary, \V. C. Smith,
cor. Sutherland and Kieth Road East,
North Vancouver.
Your  Money's   Worth—
"Gold as a basis of -exchango
has utterly failed. , , THB
EQUITIST says that tbe unit
roust be one hour of adult human
labor. ... An hour for hour
purchasing unit. We recommend
our readers to study THE EQUITIST plan."—Winnipeg Western
Labor News.
11.00 • -tW' $1.60 outlldi tht
U.S. Box 08, Longbrtucli, Wub..
An oliseivance on the pnrt of
telephono users on the following
suggestions will save not only
their timo but will alio assure
them better service:
Look In tho telephone directory
and be sure of the number.
Do not call until you are ready
to talk.
Speak plainly and listen carefully,
B. 0. Telephone Co., Ltd.
Soft Drinks and
Fresh Cool Beer.
The right treatment
and best service.
If you want the best
quick lunch in the
city give us a trial.
Ex-Sergt. Forestell
Corner Hastings and
Buy only from 'a union Btoro.
Buy at a union storo.
rtltty ett Saturday
11.00 Knitted Iron  _ Mr
SOo Emulsified Cacotnut Oil ....840
60c Hold*. Ecaeint Ointmttt...8fto
500 Ztrabak   . ato
35c Ctlox Toolh Fo-vdor  24c
91 Sj-ntp of H>poi>boiphitoi....62c
500  Biillltnline   _..._to
75c Liquid Petrolatum  43c
•l.fiO Ucott's Emulsion 080
SOo Farrith's Clicmictl Food....30c
50c Kaston's  Byrup  ._ 36c
OOo Water dints   ate
20c  Star Hand  Clcar-or 10c
86o Jad Salts    He
♦1.00 Illtro Phosphates lte
50c Gin Pill. ...„ _     20c
OOo Orchard White . • ._ 33c
50c Peht.ee Tooth Putt  31c
26e Tls Foot Tablet! 18c
200 Aspirin Tablet.  10c
250 Mcnnen's Talcum ...._.  .  14c
20o Dalton's Health Saltt 14c
600 California Syrup of Fljs..48c
Wtr Iu Extra Whan Bttilni
Vancouver Drug Co.
Tbl   Orliintl  Out-BtU  Snttelitt
cf tht Oltr
405 HasUnia Strati Wtat
StJ.  1008*1808
LFS"0!!,."* w-     *»• >c»'
782 Oranrtllo s.r. 7013
412 Mai, St. St,: 20.2
1700 Commercial Drln
_    Hljh. 23S and 1783-0
Oor. Oranttlle aal Broadnr
Ba,. 2314 and 1744.0
:Canada Pood Bout:
!   License (—1MB   :
Extra Choice
Fresh, large stock
specially priced
15c per basket or $3.4
per crate.
Prcsh and large;
2 lbs. for .
preserving.   Pints ?1.5
Quarts ?_.-<
Half-gallons ... f 1.1
S. T. Wallace
The Royal Bank]
of Canada
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up.
 $ 26,000,0001
 $ 15,000,0001
Reserve and Undivided Profits...... ....$ 16,000,000 j
Total Assets  „...   $430,000,0001
566 branohei in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiibl
West Indies.
Also branohei in London, England; New Tork Oity andl
Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branohei in Vancouver:
Main Offlco—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets.
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Oranvillo and Hobson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway Weit |
Coiner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Davie Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Seventh Ave. West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Ave and Main Street,
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 28 other ]
points in British Columbia.*
One dollar opens an aeeonnt on which interett ii paid half-yearly
at current rates.
THOS. PEACOCK, 0. W. PEAZEE, Vancouver,
Manager Vancouver Bntneh Supervisor for B. 0. " 1TSIDJLT:..
■June JT, 'Mlt
eleventh yeab. No. 26    THB -t-TtI8ti COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST      vancoweb, b. a
Satisfaction Assured
With Every Imperial
. No need of pondering
over a Bicycle. If you
are planning on one,
get our Imperial. It's
guaranteed. Tou take
no chances. We stand
behind you. This Bicycle is built along the
right lines. All nickel
parts are over copper.
The joints are heavily-
reinforced; the frame
is the best construction,
fitted with comfortable
spring' saddles, steel
run wheels fitted with
Dunlop tires and the
famous Hercules coaster brake.   Prices:
-   $47.50
•   -   $55.00
Motor Bike Design   -   $67.50
sold on inn if desired
—Sporting Goods Dept
(Thpfiudson's Bny (fomjiany |g|
Granville and Georgia Streets
Men'i Batten and Outfitters
«30 OranviUe Street
019 Haatinge Stnet Weat
Phone ley. 221      Day or Night
Nunn, Thomson ft Olegg
■Ml Homer It.  Vucouver, B. 0,
Named Shoes are frequently-made
in Non-union factories
. _ .      No matter what its name, unless
raCTOiy J     it bears a plain and readable im-
 V"         pression of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoes without the UNION STAMP sre always Non-union
Do not accept any excuse tot Absence of the Union Stamp
COLIS LOVELT, Oenersl President—CHA8. L. BAINE, Oenersl See.TreM.
Ior your kitchen—Wellington Nnt
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump—Comox Nut—Comox Pea
(Try on Pea Ooal (or jour underfeed furnace^
1001 MAIN STBEET Phone Sey. 310
Good for Health     «    Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials proeurabla
-—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
Cannot Stop Evolution
Editor B. C. Federationitt: Sir—
I am not a union man, but a strong
sympathizer with union and non-union mon in thiB titanic struggle for
tho right to exist at men and not as
slaves. Collective bargaining
boon challenged by a government
who bas just signed a pledge to
grant and protect it, and whose ink
is not dry on the "scraps of paper" beforo their word ia broken.
This is just one stop further than
flighting the greatest monster that
ever scourged the conscience of hui
inanity. i
Tours truly, •
Returned Soldier.  1
the Huns ever dared   to  go,   tm* *0«ly Province the name of the Bev,
while they were dishonest with
others, they at least tried to be honest with thoir own people.
The government has failed. Our
government was all right while it
was drifting along with publie opinion in war time, but when put under the acid test and is forced to
stand alone they bow before the
gods of mammon whose only interest is their own.
Peoplo are left helpless. Ills peo*
pie are left prostrated and helpless
to the merciless fangs of the cloven-
footed profltoors who know no law
of Qod or man- The people are ia
pain and are looking for relief, they
are looking for a Moses to lead them
out of the troublo. They cry to the
recognized apostles of Christ and
turn to the church for relief, but
the church, the Christian church,
turns a deaf ear to their call.
Fought for Freedom
We went to France to fight, or to
defend, as we were told, democracy.
We downed the enemy of humanity ln Europe, only to return home
and find tho same serpent hidden in
(ho grass or wonderfully camouflaged in what is known as the citizens'
committee. They are trying to dislodge the city government while the
strike is on so aa to be able to in-
terpretate in the nanle of the citizens what is best for "our" country.
These patriotic profiteers met us
on the street and in the stations as
wo were marching off to war, they
waved flags, clapped and screamed
themsolves hoarse with joy and
"patriotism" and, overcome with
emotion, they would slap us on the
back and apologize for not being
able to go, too. But as soon as the
train pulled out they went baek to
their offices and marked up the price
of sugar, flour and tea, eto. This
was uncalled for and put our wives
and families under unnecessary difficulty, but it is only what is to be
expected when the food supply of
a nation is left in the hands of private corporations who will always
fill their own pockets first, and a
spineless government who shuts
their eyes to all this graft nnd allows the people rights to bo so wickedly misused.
Christianity WUl Win
Progress cannot be stopped and
the men who are trying to interfere
with reforms or evolution for their
own'interest will find that they are
as helpless as they are ignorant of
the power they are trying to' control. Man has not got the first or
the last word to say as to who shall
control tho mind of humanity.
Our papers have surrendered.
There is no use denying tho fact
that our daily press.have surrendered to the "citizens' committee,"
who are our merchants, bankers and
manufacturers. This combination
controls the advertising of the coun*
try and the editor who should not
bow to their will shall not livo in
prosperity in this line of business,
but will be forced to go to some
other line whore his thoughts may
not becomo public.
One of our morning papers got
excited ovor the ten thousand dollars the Bankers' Association put
up for propaganda work in the form
of newspapor advertising, and in or
der to get the lion's share, used the
editorial page and sang hymns of
hate that threatened tho extermination of the working class and may
yet end in a pogrom of all workers
if not checked again. However,
their avaricious grood came to a
crude end ono morning whon the
Typographical union refused to print
what is possibly the worst insult
ever offered tb nny faction of the
Canadian poople, and among them
wore a big majority of roturned sol.
diers who have beon suffering for
four yours from the scourge of war,
and who only ask their people to
give them what they fought for. The
boyi did not go to France to suffer
and dio in thousands so as to have
the country governed by bankers
and manufacturers, nor do they want
bankers and manufacturers to interpret how they shall bargain or
organize. The governmont rofuses
to Interpret how tbe bankers and
manufacturers shall organizo and
bargain. Why then should they try
to injure the great suffering majority of their citizens who are only
asking for tbelr rights! Tho reason
is, the govornmont saw that the big
bully was on his back snd was
screaming for help in the name of
democracy*, and as somo of our
"honorable" representatives have
gotton themselves badly/mixed up in
profiteering thoy camo to the rescue
of tbeir comrados.
Undermining the government. The
government says that collective bargaining is only a bluff, that there
is a deep-rooted schemo to try to
ovorthrow the present system of society. The way of nature is progress,
Ono evolution is always undermined
by the coming evolutions. We can't
go in jumps. One evolution has to
work in with the othor and it is always seen ahead. "Tho'coming
events cast thoir shadows beforo."
Evolution or rovolution. Evolution
is tho way the groat majority of tho
people want to boo tho world advance, but if one forco refuses to
concede to the laws of ovolution
there is no power on oarth strong
onough to stop revolution, and iu
the future it will all bo looked on
as a part of evolutions.
Tlio majority of returned men are
heart aud soul in sympathy with the
striko, and you not only have their
sympathy but also thcir support.
They are willing and anxious to
light with uaion and non-union men
for the rights that Qod mount for
them to have. Lot us all join hands
and fight shoulder to shoulder for
a purer and swootor domocracy and
lot us put tho British flag book
whore it bolongs, ovor tho heads of
thoso who -defended it in the
tronches of Franco and tho industries at homo. It must be used no
longor as a camouflage to shield
those who took a, cowardly advant-
ano of the noflilea while « were   When the country wu i**-**
The Citizens' League
Editor B. C. Federationist; Sir—1
I would like to put tho following
in our valuable union paper if you
can spare space and if it is any good.
It is some time ago I saw' in tbt
OVer tha 49th parallel to the Mae.
jkenzie Basin, aad when the presl
."wind the Beturned Soldiers' Commit-
■pion were making searching requisi-
- tion for this sort of thing they were
' the only desirable lands that fell
Into the crown, exactly fit to bestow
*iift well won rewards on the real sufferers who, by patient endurance
■fit horid war, had wrought out the
tasks of defense and assault. But
they were parceled out in disgrace*
if ul secrecy and cold-blooded con*
jtempt for those splendid soldiers to
Various persona none of whom can
be said to have deserved well of
.Canada or the Empire. Ber. Father
,0'Boyle of the Citizens' Committee,
I can't join you. I was sworn in
once for thia kind of dirty work.
I remain a member of the now
formed O. B. U.,
Father O'Boyle as one who wu
forming the so-called Citizens'
League, whieh their advertisements
say stands for law and ordor, yet it
is doing all in ita power to cause
bloodshed by reaping up thingi that
are gone and paat, and lies. Who
were the founders of your league 11
didn't see the name of any workers
amongst you, but there ia ono or tw*
returned officers. No doubt we can
give them a good post a little later
on same as that handed out to this
class pretty freely lately and some
of them sever struck a blow for his
country, yet ths returned soldien
go in a body and demand some good
jobs for who! Why, our officers. Ai
I tun a Catholic, and a working man,
I wish to. protest against the lies
published in the Provinoe. For instance, the ad in June 13th says the
strike was called in order to support
labor in iti right of collective bargaining by the workers. This part
is right, but was shifted to the support of the postal omployoes, finding this excuse was inadequate, the
strike committee shifted to the right
of collective ■ bargaining by the
workers, meaning the One Big Union, Tet the Ono Big Union was not
in existence at that time. They
must have got mixed in the -union
and' mean the combine of nig unions
to bleed the people. Take tho banks,
thoy are getting into one big union;
the packing houso owners are uniting into one big union, they are
making millions. Have you forgotten tho O'Connor exposure of Sir
Joseph Flavell for which he wu
practically fired, yet he made millions out of the people's food in a
few mouths. I suppose the 0. B. U.
is a nightmare to him. Is our own
Catholio organization not the biggest O. B. U. is the whole world!
So I can't see why tho O. B. U.
should be such an awful thing. What
are you afraid ofl Marshal Foch
gave us a good impression of a 0.
B. U. and it worked fine. I'm a married man with a family, trying to.
give my children a good education,
at a Catholio academy, but unlesj*'
thore is a change in the present system, I shall be forced by .circum;
stances over which I have no control
to put my children out to work. I
wonder how many of you so-called
citizens' committee is in this posit;
tlon! My only hope at present iq
the O. B. U. I have served my country ai private in the 73rd Battalion,
Boyal Highlanders Black Watch ul
tried to' go overseas in the present
war, but was turnod down, I am not
a Socialist nor have ever voted labor but have voted for the 0. B!
U. and for the delegates that elected these men and agree with them
although I have nevor seen thom. I
was born in a placo called Blackburn, Lancashire, England, 48 years
ago. As a child of 10 years, along
with my brothors and sisters, I was
taken out of bed at 5:30 a.m. to go
to work in a cotton mill as a tender. Tho machinery was in motion at
6 a.m. and stopped at 8 a.m. until
for breakfast. It started and
ran until 12:00 noon; in the afternoon I went to school. This goos on
until we were 13 years of age. At
this age we go to work the whole
day from 6 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. all for
the aum of fivo shillings, equal to
about $1.25 per wook of 50 hours. I
don't want my children to havo to
go through any of this kind of lift,
yet thoso samo conditions wcro still
in oxistenco a few years ago. Do
you wonder at mo wanting to soe
tho 0. B. U. in existonce, tho bigger the bottor. I don't know, much
about the citizens' law and order
league, but by the advertisements they are putting in tho
press I am suro tbey are trying
to cause trouble. Ono of the things
that surprises me is the way they
talk about babys crying for, milk
Thii is something new to them, but
not to ui. I huvo seen this myself
in a land of plenty, yet the manufacturers association didn't lose any
sleep by it. No, sir, it is only the
poor thot holp the poor. Tho Citizens'* League are playing the returned V.C. horo so hard up that ho
wonted to sell his V.C. by namo
Privato Pitt. This man was the first
V.C. horo in tho town of Backburn.
He was met by bonds and banquoted
at the town hull. Old any citizens'
league or employers' association
help him! No, sir, but this man's
caso suits thoir scheme fino. I remember a minor in a town called
Burnley, Lancashire, Eng., boing
piekod by a few of his fellow working men to see the boss about getting a little bettor conditions. He
was fired and blacklisted and could
not get a job in England, Scotland
nor Walos. His lifo was mado a
hell. Ono Sunday morning theso two
mon mot on tho tow path of the
Leeds and Liverpool canal. Whon
the miner killed this tyrant the result he was hanged although he was1
provokod to it. Thero wero thousands of petitions sont in for him;
but it was of no avail. Thoy wort
not organized and so were not in
a position to light for him. No -doubt '
some of your Lancashire readers re* '
member this case. Hore is something
for you returned mon to study over?
In Saturday night of April 12, is1
tho following: Having defeated the
enemy abroad another awaits hint'
ut home when it was discovered
that tho lands of the Blood Indian
reserve, which was supposed to be*
surrendered to tho tribe and resumed by the Dominion government for
tho uso and benofit of returned soldiers had been leased by somo trick
that was vain and by some wuy that
was dark to severul parties. It has
'como out that 49,400 acres Of this
field of Blood were leased to different individuals to the total exclusion of our returned men. Not a
man Jack got so much as throe acros
for tho keep of a cow. Theso lands
are said to bo the ideal thing for
soldiers who want to go on the land.
They are fertile, woll watered and
served by existing railways and near
to towns. Thoy woro given out on
theso suspicious lenses whon tho
needs of our soldiors wcro crying
and well known to tho government.
«, nerha]
9 —tet
Editor B. 0. Federationist: I have
been reading the advertisements of
the Citizens' and Beturned Citizens'
League and notice particularly the
one of the 18th inst. It lays that
Labor ahould clean houae, aid rather
boldly takes the atand that the German people made no mistake in their
house-cleaning. It seems to me that
they rather missed their mark in
commending the same process to Labor.
If any one wishes an example of
Kaiserism, let kirn take a look at the
swell-looking machine guns on the
Armory. I wonder if the "tin-pot"
who ordered them to be placed there
knows how to work one. If any one
wants another example of the same
Kaiserism, let him remember the arrests made in Winnipeg during the
last fow days. In Gormany in pre-
war dayi, no man dare eay anything
against the Kaiser or his system of
govornment. In Canada, after the
war, it seems that no man can speak
his mind unless his views happen to
coincide with those of this Democratic govornmont of ours.
If it is Bolshevism to lay that the
present government is rotten, then
there is an awful lot of Bolshevism,
for I do not know one man, personally, who has a good word to say for
them. I guess maybe Sir Joe Flavelle** thinks they are just right.
Thore is a house-cleaning due is
this country, but is it in the ranks
of Labor or in another quarter that
is far more rank!
I happen to be a roturned mas
myself, and a member of a union not
on strike at prosent, but III gamblo
anything I possess that these hysterical outbursts from the Beturned
Citizens' League are not by auy
means the feelings of the returned
man in general. They remind mo
more of the continual tirade against
whiskey in the Methodist churches
before prohibition hit us. The timo
has gone, too, for that cheap patriotic stuff inspired by our patriotic
govornmont. I think the majority of
c-f-soldiors had all the "patriotism"
knocked out of them before they
W4 boon on service very long. What
ffpublcs them more is: "How are
,VlO going to get s decent living!"
I am not defending tho One Big
iOfiiou, by any moans ,for I honestly
believe that the average working-
man has not got brains enough, or
lerhaps has the brains but lacks the
attention, to successfully nw the
■Power if he had it. One Big Union
is coming, but the union mas will
have to bo a whole lot fairer-minded
than the majority aro now before ii
will be a success.
If the Beturned Citizons' League
wishes to do something worth while,
lot them got aftor the government
for wasting tho publio money in
pensions paid to officers of the Labatt class; let them find out if the
government foots the bill for board
and rooms for somo of our swell major-generals who stay in our swell
hotels some times.
Theso goodi I citizons mako an
awful disturbance becauso some
ulien in Winnipeg maltreated a roturned man—a hero who had won
tho V. C.
What financial conditio! wu that
man in whon he took tho job! Why
did not theso pooplo find out he was
a hero—aud horo ho was without
doubt—long beforo they did! Nol
They did not want to do so, they
only seized this opportunity in. order
to set peoplo against tho strikors.
They used tho poor follow's injuries
as a moans to incite furthor troublo.
Again, who is responsible for tho
aliens in Canada! Wbo assisted
thom here! What wero they brought
for! Let the pooplo who aro responsible for tho alien being in this
country get them out ngain. No one
will try to stop thom, I guess.
The Price of Beans   .
Editor B. C. Foderationist! On
reading The Foderationist of June
13th, I came across an article undor
the heading of "How Muny Beans
Muke »5.00," by Georgo F. Stirling,
in which he quotes govornmont figures for the month of April of prices
of beans prevailing in some of thc
cities of British Columbia.
Tho following ia tho paragraph 1
rofer to: At Vancouver, bonus were
8 cents por con; Now Westminster,
10 cents; Fernie, 12 cents; Nelson,
25 cents; Trail, 25 conts."
Oa reading the abovo I camo to
tlio conclusion, as many of your
n-uders will no doubt have dono,
taut tlio peoplo of Trail wore boing
soaked by tho merchants, or as Mr.
Stirling quotes it, to a systom of
robbory which passes under the innocent name of business.
Tho abovo prices aro quoted by
tho can, but tho sizes of tho cnn aro
wot givon, and as every one knows,
tlie prices vary according to tho sizo
and brand. I prcsuato that whon
Mr. Stirling is writing of boana by
the cnn, ho moans pork and boans,
tis whito beans by themselves in the
can ure not sold at Trail.
Now, as I am interested in the
high cost of living just as much as
any othor person, I mado it my business to visit tho grocery stores at
Trail, and mako a few inquiries on
any own uccount, with tho result that
I found that whito beans can bo
bought at Trail for two pounds for
a quurtor; if you wish to buy a dollar's worth, thoy throw you in an
extra pound.
Tho wholesale price of these boons
on tho markot, us bought by tho
merchant, is 10% cents por pound,
add the freight on to this, and tho
merchant sells two pounds for a
quarter, any ono can sec tho amount
of profit.
Pork and benns by tho can, you
cnn buy as low as 10 cents a can, and
tliey vary in price to as higll as 85
cents, ull according to tho brand and
size of the cnn.
Now, Mr. Edilor, an injustice has
been done the city of Trail by someone, and I am sorry to say that it
is not tho lirst time such a thing
lias been done from Vancouver; we
uu tlmt tii*, eost. nf living is
too high; we cannot blaaw ths merchant. What wonld we ba doing
ourselves if we were in the sans
line of businoss; If ths blame hu
to he fixed at all, we will have to
travel towards the East
I have bees informed by persons
who havs travelled all over B. C.
that prices in Trail are more reasonable hore than they found in the
other parts of the province, the
reason for aame possibly being that
The Consolidated M. * 8. Co. hu
store which worki on a 10 per
cent, profit. The eompany put in
thla store at the request of the
Smoltermen's union a few years ago.
Chief of Police.
Beds sad Babels
June 24, 191*.
Editor B. 0. Federationist:  Sir-
In reference to an article entitled
Beds aiid Bobeli" is today's issue of the Citizen. The writor goes
os to show that Bobert Blatchford
would term this itrike rebellion
against constituted authority, sad
the writer's only proof for this as*
sertion is the fact that the government ii involved. The point to settle 'ii thii, did the strikers involve
ths government or did the government involve Itself. Thii ean easily
be ascertained by a review of the'incidents leading np to the present
situation, The ironmasters at Winnipeg doclared their intentions of making the strike one of endurance, aad
the natural consequence, of sueh
deelarations wu the sympathetic
walkout of all workers in support of
their brethern and practically tying
up the whole commercial life of the
city. At that stage two ministers
of the Crown appeared on the scene,
but. instead of using constitutional
methodi to bring about a friendly
moeting of the opposing factions
with a view to amicable aettlement
they, by their issuing an ultimatum
to tho Postal Workere, declared war
on thc strikors and to sho* doubly
thoir inability to govern they begged the assistance of Gompers. A
foreigner mark you. On those
grounds I can usure the writer of
tho article had he been more intimately acquainted with Blatchford,
and hia Socialistic doctrines that he
would at once come to the conclusion that Blatchford would lay all
tbe blamo on the government and
not oa the strikers, Oh ye, Citizens,
Law and Order League, when shall
yon wake up to a realization of the
inhuman attitude you havo assum-
od! If you are the tools of those
who doclared in the lobbies of the
Federal Chamber that they built factories for profits and not for God,
you have no right to uso the name
of the Most High in your bloodthirsty organ. I see ouo of your ads
calls for the killing of anarchy by
joining the Citizens' league, If that
means that by joining the Citizens'
League one has to commit suicide,
thon I say your institution Is a no*
bio one. As one who -has boen on
active aervice for four yean, I have
wakoned up to the fact that the
democratic principle! for which I
have fought and risked fry life for
are today, in great danger of being
utterly exterminated by' the capitalist. The enemy of God and man, of
right and justice, whose hand ll
stretched forth at all times to rob,
tho vory infant in the cradle of its
Industrial Unrest
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: Tour
correspondent, Miss Dukos, has departed considerably from her original position in rogard to social conditions and tho remodios thorofor.
If, as stated, tho object were to
show tho differenco in tho labor
movements in Great Britain and
Bussia, the present writer was inveigled into print by what appeared
to him to bo a psuodo-sciontilic presentation of tho economic situation.
If tho Bolshevik administration
woro inevitablo for Bussia, as your
correspondent appears to admit, it
seems to me that one roust also ad*
mit that tho treatment accorded to
the sabotaging "intelligensia" was
also inevitable. A proletarian dictatorship could not safely ignore the
attempt! of tho professional classes
to creato anarchy, and upset by
ovory moans in thoir power the attempts of the workers to establish
order in the country. Tho timo for
talking had then passed, and tho
conditions demanded thut a fow examples be mado of thoso who insisted upon upsetting law aud order. It
is not surprising that that wing of
tho working class known us the professional class, should havo no sympathy for the Bolshovik administration in Bussia, for the lattor have
not acceeded to the former's claim
of being tho salt of tho earth and,
as stated beforo, have found it necessary to remind them of thnt fact.
With regard to the censorship. I
havo not yet como across auy instances, undor tho Bolshovik administration, of a suppression of speech
nnd priut tbat exceeds the Canadian
orders-in-council. And when wo remember that these men were facing
almost certain death in tho event of
thcir not being successful with the
revolution, lt uppoars to mo that
thcir forbearance has been almost
Nobody wants a repetition hero of
tho troubles of tho Russian revolution, but when tho situation calls for
a movoment on tho part of tho muss
of tho pooplo in order to exist, wo
shall undoubtedly encounter horo
quito a number who will bo blind to
tho signs aud necessities of tho
Tho torm "bourgcoisio" embraces
those who control capital and are
thoreby freed from tho necessity of
working; the "proletariat" oro
thoso who liavo to work in order to
live. Tho formor arc tho "master
clnss," and lho latter tho "working
or slave class," Tho relative posi*
tioa of slavo and master is inherent
in a system whero tho means of life"
nro "properly." Unfortunately wo
liavo very largo numbors of tlio working class Jiving in a condition of
hypnotic suggestion, who neccssnrily
net undor tho impression that they
aro not on the snmo plane ns thc
"workors." Thoy aro slowly coming out of their trance.
I do not quito understand tlio first
paragraph from tho letter of your
correspondent, Miss Hoss, Tho development of the social economy will
tend tho school teacher us well as
tho other salary or wago workors.
If not nil in the O. B. U., wo will
ull bo shouting an 0. B. If. chorus
very shortly.
Juno 23rd, 1018.
B. C. Federationist Daily Paper Fond
Do Yon Want It Enough to Assist in Paying for It?
Cut out the above coupon and mail ths amount yos wish to contribute
to the fund for the purpose of establishing a daily papsr fsr & a B»
ceipts will be acknowlodged from time to time is The Federationist.
Thero is no oxcuso for not being
bio to vole lit lho next election,
Got ou tho voters' list.
Women'a Trade Union
Convention Exhibits
Whethor lt was the presence of
the British labor leaders, Miss Bond-
field, Miss MacArthur and Mrs. Barton, or whether the Womos's Trade
Unios League hu caught the temper of radical labor in every country, it would bo hard to lay, but
the -national   convention   of   the
loague hold lut week at Philadelphia exhibited a lively coscers with
international   matters   unusual   is
American labor gathering! ot any
sort. In addition to the f auditor recommendations regarding the organization and protection of women la
industry, the convention adopted, almost unanimously, a resolution de*
mending "the recognition  of  the
Bussian Soviet government by ths
peace conference st Paris and by
tho   goverument   of   the   United
Statos." It demanded, in the name
of tho constitution, tho withdrawal
of American troops from Bussia, the
lifting of the blockado, and the immediate   dispatch   of   food   relief
through the American Bod Cross,
Minimum Wage Board
Province of Britiih Columbia
NOTICE ii hereby given that pursuant to the provision! of th*
"Minimnm Wage Aet," a publie meeting will be held at ths Court
House, Butioa Square, is the City
of Victoria, B. o, oa Thursday, tha
3rd day of July, 1919, at 10 o'clock
a.m., for the purpoie of hearing any
peraon intereited ia the establish-
meat of a minimnm wage aad hoan
and conditions of labor for women
employed in the "Personal Servioe
Occupation" including thou employed is minicuring, hairdressing,
harboring and other work of Ilk*
nature, or employed u nihers ia
theatrei, attendant! at shooting galleries and other publie plaees af
nmuiement, garagu and gseoUne
aervice stations, or u drivers of
motor ears and other vehicles.
A cordial Invitation to ba presaat
is extended ta all thou who desire
to be heard on ths above question
before a minimum wag* and hours
and conditions of labor are determined.
Minimum Wags Board for tta F»fv
incs of Brltlih Columbia,
J. D. M'NTVEN, Chairman.
Victoria, a 0,, Juse 21st, Ult,
Students of Pekin Object
to Diplomats Awards'
to Japan
Peking.—The dragon hu awakened nnd is lashing his tail in angor
against tho decrco of the Paris peaco
conferenco thnt awards the province
of Shantung to Japan.
Perhaps nothing could have been
moro to unite a divided country
within the bonds of national feeling.
China foels outraged, eheatod, insulted. She feels aggrieved as a
Especially doei young China feci
The first organized protest hu
beon made by the young men, the
students in Peking. But from all
over tho huge nation come rumors of
other protests that may woll mark
a beginning of stirring events.
Tho riot of May, bore a strange
rcseinblanco to the outburst by Bus-
siun students thnt forecasted the
revolution. It was a riot for a principle. It hogtyl peaceably, developed
into tight ing, and ended in a student
victory. Its effect has boon to cement and quickened the protost all
over China.
A good piuo for less. Bote ■•ner
•nd bur * good piano tt MVeit prie*
from ua.
SSS Owrm w. (0»p. Oe-uttMue)
Telephone Ity. toil
Saili, Tsnts ud Awninfi
Tit-asters' ut Osrpoaters'
AMtOBS,  BVBBlt  BOOM  aat
on, OLoramo
■slluslei slnn on u»u work
VAJiOOOVBg, a. 0.
Eastorn News
Thosa of ow nadirs who an la-
teneted in Kastera Canadian aame
and worldwide •"•nt. sboalt
anbscrlbe to The Mn Dtmocraer.
SOI Lister Bits., H.nilli,,.. Oat.
Subscription rates f 1.50 psr peer.
Onr   Circulation   Uattafr   wilt
be pleased to rscelra and fonrart
The »•» Baauener Is  a  Ure
worki!>s-oltsi pspsr tnd should bo
red br sll workers Interested la
Cnns.li.n and world-wide events.
Men's Fine Shoes
Tomorrow at $7.45
IN AU. SIZES and in any style, they are all high-grade
SHOES, Goodyear welted solets, leather or Neolin, with
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with light suede top and wide Neolin soles. This is undoubtedly tho greatest offering this season. Every pair
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Bring your ropairs here.   Tho material used is the best
and thc workmanship superior.
One Door West of Columbia Theatre PAGE EIGHT
eleventh TEAR. No. -» " THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, a a
-..June $7, 191
Do Tour
Carry the
Cop-nUt UMBut Sdatfner ft liars
rpO BE CERTAIN of value all you need to
* know is where to buy your clothes. This
Men's Store provides the answer to that—
the only Union Label ready-for-service
clothing is here—made under proper conditions and priced to meet your idea of values.
153 Hastings Street West
Fill History Repeat Itself?
i ns Psterloo massacre ot 1819
Peterloo massacre—tbo popular
same—suggested by tbe name Wot-
•rloo—given to a disastrous incident
of 1810, A large assembly of Lancashire work people, gathered on St.
Peter's Fields, Manchester (where
the Free Trade hall now stands), to
express their views on the mattor of
parliamentary reform, was by the
magistrates' order dispersed by
troops of hone. Tho killed numbered live or lix, and the wounded
between SOO and 600.—Nelson's Bn-
The distress caused by the war
snd taxation towards the end of the
18th and the beginning of the 19th
centuries, led to bitter discontent,
and the anomalies existing in tho
parliamentary system of representation afforded only too fair an object of attack, , . The popular
discontent was met by a policy of
repression, culminating in the affair
of Peterloo, which may be regarded
aa the starting point of tbo inodorn
reform agitation. This was in 1810,
when an immense crowd assembled
on St Peter's Fields, (now covored
by the Free Trade HaU and warehouses) to petition parliament for a
redress of their grievances. The
Riot Act was read by a clorical magistrate; but in auch a manner as to
be quite unheard by tho mass of tho
people; and drunken yeomanry cavalry were then turned loose upon tbe
unresisting mass of spectators. The
yeomanry appear to have used thoir
sabres freely; sovcral people wore
killed and many moro Injured; and,
although <the magistrates recoived
tbe thanks of the prince rogent and
tho ministry, tbeir conduct oxcitod
tbe deepest indignation throughout
tho eountry. Those who had organized the meeting, including "Ora*
tor" Hunt, with Samuel Bamford,
and other working men, wore imprisoned.—Encyclopedia Brltannica.
How many shots were flredt Very
fow in comparison! Certain hundreds
of drilled soldiers sufficed to suppress this million-headed hydra, and
tread it down, without the smallest
appeasement or hope of euch, into
its subterranean settlements again,
there to reconsider itself. Compared
with our rovolts in Lyons, in Warsaw and elsewhere, to say nothing
of incomparable Paris city, past or
presont, what a lamb-like insurrection!
The present editor is not hero,
with hia readers, to vindicate the
character of insurrections. . . .
In passing, however, let us mention
that, to our viow, this was not an
unsuccessful insurrection; that as insurrections go, we' bave not heard
lately of any that succeeded es well.
A million of hungry operative men
as Blustorowskl.says, roso all up,
came all out into the streets, and—
stood thore. What other could thoy
dot Their wrongs and' griefs woro
bitter, insupportable, tbeir rago
against tho same was just; but who
are thoy that causo these wrongs;
who that will honestly make effort
to redress themt Our enemies are,
we know not who, or what; our
friends aro we know not,where!
How shall we attack any one, shoot
or be shot by any, one t Oh, if the
accursed invisible nightmare, that is
crushing the life out of us and ours,
would tako a sbupe; approach us
like tho Hyrcanian tiger, tbo. Behemoth of Chaos,-the Arehfleld himself; in any shape that we could seo,
and fasten on!   *
That tbe Manchester insurrection
stood still, on the streets, with an
indisposition to nro. and bloodshed,
was wisdom for it even as an insurrection. Insurrection, nover so no-
cessary, is a most sad necessity; and
govornors who wait for that to instruct them, aro surely getting into
tho fatalist .courses—proving themselves sons of Nox and Chaos, of
blind cowardice, not of seeing valor.
How dan there bo any remedy in insurrection!   It is mero announce*
Labor Party Conference
of Women Make Demands for Sex
[By W. Francis Ahern]
The annual conference of the women's organizing committee of the
Australian Labor Party was held at
the Trades Hall, Melbourne, Australia, during the first week of April
last. The committees were brought
into existence at the annual conference of the Australian Labor Party
in 1916—their duties boing to get
into closer touch with members of
their own sex, for the purpose of organizing them industrially and politically. Among the resolutions carried the following are the most important:
"All workers to receive payment
for peace holidays; that 30 hours be
the maximum weekly period of employment of any woman in a factory, that not less than one hour be
allowed for dinner, and that no girl
undor 16 be employed in a factory;
that a woman inspector of factories
to be selected by women workers,
be appointed, her salary to be paid
by the government; that no child
under 14 years of age bo allowed to
sell papers in the early hours of the
morning, or late hours of night; that
municipally controlled milk depots
bo established in all centres, with
authority over producers and distributors, to enforce a pure milk supply; that infants and invalids be
supplied with milk at reasonable
rates, and that registered retailers
be supplied for distribution to tho
public, price to be fixed by the municipal authorities; that the Labor
Party be urged to give prominence
at the next genoral elections to the
nationalization of health; that corporal punishment bo abolished; that
the Infant Life Protection Act bc
more impartially administered, especially in the case of unmarried mothers, and that a protest be made
againBt boarded-out children being
classed as 'neglected children;' that
thc principle of equality and equal
pay for the sexes bo affirmed."
It was also decided that in view
of the new conditions arising out of
the war, thia conference deem it vitally necessary that tho policy and
platform of the party ahould be revised, and amendments made, providing for a national minimum of
welfare for every citizen immediately, democratic control of industry
and unification of the Australian
States, and a referendum of the peo
plo to bo taken on the matter.
["Common Sense of Hay 24th contains the following by M. Arthur
Some months will yet elapse before
all the new frontiers are fixed and
before the final division of the
spoils of war is made. But wo can
see sufficiently clearly now that the
British Empiro is not going to'come
out a loser. The mandatory theory
is only tho twentieth-century device
for annexations, and thero seems to
be already misgivings among the allied and associated powors with regard to some of tho mandates which
are not to be left to the discretion
of tho League of Nations, but are
to be decided beforehand. Belgium
is making claims to Oerman East
Africa, and thero is considerable uneasiness in France with regard to
Syria. It is not impossible that misgivings and uneasiness may turn in*'
to suspicion and jealousy or something worse if events proceed as
they seem likely to in tho great settlement of tho territorial delimitations in thc three continents.
Let us make the Bum in addition
so far as we are concerned
-Area in Square Miles
Egypt,     formerly     under
Turkish   suzerainty,   becomes part of tho British
Empiro   j.... 350,000
Cyprus , formorly under
Turkish suzerainty, becomes part of the British
Empiro      3,584
German S. W. Africa, man-
dato to bo held by tho
Union of South Africa.... 322,450
German East Africa, mandate to be held by Great
Britain •.  384,180
Togoland and Canu'ions, to
be'divided between Great
Britain end France, total
area, 224,830 (say half).. 112,415
Samoa, mandate to bo hold
by Australia       1,050
German New Guinea and islands south of Equator,
mandate  to be held by
Australia     00,000
Syria and Palestine, yet to
bo decided     11,000
Mesopotamia, yet to be decided    143,250
We make it
easy for you
—by our weekly payment plan we make it possible
for the workingman to pay-ai-ho-wean—juit aa the
man of meant does when he gets credit.
Hundreds of Vancouver workors are today our regular patrons—■
and every man will tell you wo givo him a squaro deal—that he
gets from us good honest quality in clothing—at prices that mean
as good values ns ho'd got elsewhere—and on terms which make
It possiblo for him to handle tho payments without difficulty.
We want every Vancouver worklngman to become
scquainted witb our stock—our prices—onr terms.
Drop in and look over our stock—just now we're showing a line
•f Suits that are exceptionally line.
Price $35 and up
Near Homer y
Grand total „ i 1,417.929
To como out of a war which we
entered for tho disinterested motive
mont of the disease—visible now
even to sons of night. Insurrection
usually *' gains'' little; usually
wastes how much! Ono of the worst
kinds of waste, to say nothing of
tho .past, is that of irritating nnd
exasperating men against each other
by violence done; which iB alwayB
sure to be injustice done, for vio
lence does not even justice unjustly.
Who shall compute tho waste and
loss, the obstruction of every sort,
that was produced in tho Manchester region by Peterloo alone!
"How yo camo among us, in your
cruel armed blindness, ye unspcak
able County Yeomanry, sabres flourishing, hoofs prancing, and slashed
us down at your brute pleasure
denf, blind to all our claims and
woes and wrongs; of quick sight nnd
sense to your own claims only! There
lie poor sallow work-worn weavers,
ami complain no more now; women
thcmsolvos ure slashed and sabred,
howling terror fills the air; and yc
rido prosperous, very victorious,--yi
unspeakable; give us sabres too, and
then come—on a little!"- Such aro
Pcterloos. In all hearts thut witnessed Potcrld-Q, stands written, ns
in Arc-characters, or sniokc-churac-
tcrs prompt to become fire again, a
legible balanco account of grim vengeance; very unjustly balanced,
much exaggerated, as is tho way
with such accounts; but payable
readily at sight, in full with com-
pound Interest.
—Thomas Carlyhi in "Past and
. Priiwnt*"
Henry W. Clough Tried to
Make Police Believe
Life Waa in Danger
Henry W. Clough, who has been
accused 'on several . occasions by
labor mon of being a spotter for tho
employers of labor, was fined $20
on Wodnesday by Magistrate Shaw
for carrying a concealed weapon.
The gun was also confiscated. The
man knew that the work ho was engaged in was of a disreputable charactor and bis conscience hurt him so
much tbat he conceiyod the idea
that his lifo was in danger and ho
told the magistrate so.
"If I accepted your argument, it
would mean that this city would bc
turned into an armed camp, with
every man carrying weapons," said
Magistrate Shaw, when counsel for
Henry W. Clough urged that his client had a right to carry an automatic, as he waa in fear of bodily
harm. It was brought out that
Clough had applied for permission
to carry firearms and had been refused, which the court remarked,
showed that apparently the authorities did not attach any importance
to his fear of bodily barm,
P. L P. Branch to Hear
British Labor Party
On Wednesday, July 2, the South
Hastings membership will havo the
privilege of hearing Comrade Richardson, who will take as his subject, "The Outlook for Labor." The
branch has been carrying on its
meetings regularly in the firo hall
on Nootka Stroot, which is a continuation of Earls Bond. That there
will be a capacity houso next Wednesday is a certainty. On the occasion of his recont address at the
Oolumbia Theatro hundreds wero
unable to obtain admittance, some
of the South Hastings people being
among the numbor.
of defending small nationalities with,
a net additions to our Empire of a
inillio nand a half square miles is
not so bad. And we do it so quietly,
so innocently, and, so modestly. We
do not take tho terrifS^it falls to
While the war is being waged wc
disarm all suspicion by saying:,.
Wo havo no desire to add to .Mr
Imperial burdens, cither in area ox
in responsibility,—Mr. Asquith, October, 191*.
We are not fighting for territory,
—Mr. Bonar Law, December, 1916.
We are not fighting a war of conquest.—Tho Primo Minister, Fcbru-"
ary, 1917.
Such a victory as will give us not
aggrandisement of territory, not any
extension of our Empire.—Mr. Long,
February, 1917.
Whon Italy asks for Fiumo wo look
grieved and shocked; ovor frontier
delimitations in Europe wo take up
a judicial attitude, careful however,
to weigh down the balanco in favor
of our friends in case thoy may not
be perfectly satisfied whon the magnitude of our acquisitions elsewhere
comes to be known. But we -do not
take the territory, it falls to us.
However easily our representatives at the peace conference may
find this policy of annexation there
can bo no manner of doubt that it
is fraught with the gravest possible danger for the future. A nation
which possessed, as wo did in 1914,
over 13 million square miles of the
earth's surface, is not going to become moro popular with other nations, be thoy frionds or foes, when
it adds another million and a half to
that total. Imperialistic aggrandisement has nevor been carried out on
suoh.a scale in the world's history.
No League of Nations can succeed,
na lasting peace can possible bo secured, so long as oho powor pushes
its ambition for domination and supremacy to such a perilous height
and thereby effectually prevents anything approximating to equal participation on the part of nations in
the governance of the affairs of thc
A light felt hat was taken from
tho Arena meeting last Tuewlay by
mistake. Would the person who
took this hat kindly return it to
the Federationist offlce and receive
his own?
Where is yonr union button?
In Many Pleasing Styles
Of heqpy white Cotton, V-
neck, short sleeves and
with elastic at ankles.
This model is' trimmed
with a two-inch band of
fancy colored cotton and
ruffle at ankle, $1.95.
Of flesh colored and short
sleeve style, trimmed with
piping in cadet blue
shade, $2.65.
Of fine white Cotton with
colored hand-embroidery
in front; comes in round
neck style with short
sleeves, and is trimmed
with Valenciennes lace
and baby ribbon, $3.50.
Of figured Muslin in Empire effect, shirred at
yoke and top, finished
with wide ribbon and narrow lace.   Price, $3.75.
570 Granville Street
Excerpts from Prof. Walter Boos-
chenbusb's Book,
Thirty-four Million
Thirty-four million times in each
twenty-four hourB, a daily paper is
published in the United Stntes. Be-
sido tho dailies, thero aro semi-weeklies, monthlies, and so on; but the
dallies alono provido threo newspapers for overy two families in tho
entire country.
Thirty-four million times each
Thirty-four million times thoso papors muy toll tho truth. They may
toll tho truth about Lawrence, Massachusetts, or Toledo, Ohio; they
may toll the truth about tho I. W.
W. or ubout tho efforts of tho American bankors to secure control of
Mexican resources. They may tell
tho truth about tho domination of
the educational machinery by big
business, or about thc way in which
tho workers in tbo country suffer
and slave for a bare subsistence
wnge. They may toll tho truth about
any one of tho thousand important
questions that confront tho American people.
Thirty-four million times each
Thirty-four million times these papers may tell lies. They may toll
lies about tho "Japanese peril," or
the brigandago in Mexico. They may
lio about Socialist Russia or about
tho efforts of tho pooplo of Hungary to tako control of their own
lives. They may lie about the progress of negotiations ot Paris. They
muy lio about the masters of American economic life and about tho way
in which thoy aro exercising their
tyranny over tho lives and thoughts
of tho American peoplo. Thoy mny
lio about any one of thc thousand
important problems that confront
tho American peoplo at the present
When you are inclined to belittle
tho powers of the owners of the
United States—thoso who possess
the mines, forests, railroads, banks,
fuctorics, ofttccbuildlngs and tho
nowspapers—remember tho torrent
of print paper rushed evory twenty-
four hours by thc specdiug presses.
Thirty-four million times each
day!—Scott Nearing.
Fashion Crafifcanakers stake their reputation, not ohly upon what they make,
but how it is sold, thus insuring no misrepresentation.
The same service and treatment to all.
514 Granville Street
"The working class ie noyr engaged in a great historic class struggle, which is becoming ever more
conscious and bitter. Their labor is
all they have. Individually they aro
helpless. Their only hope for wrest*
ing better wagos and conditions
from the other side is in union of
action. With infinite effort, with
sacrifices of time, money and chances of self-adorn ment, thoy creato
organizations which obey discipline
and act together. Under eortain circumstances, any one breaking away
from their discipline may secure exceptional torms for himself, but ho
doos so at the ezpenso of all the
efforts which the union has put
forth. Others are laboriously erecting a dam to raise the water level,
so that all may irrigate thcir fields
and raise better crops. This man
breaks through the dam to get an
immediate supply with those who
sell out tho interest of thoir class
for personal advantage, and lend
themselves ob tools to those who
seek to undermine tho fighting forco
of tho organizations, we domand of
one of tho lowest groups of society
a moral magnanimity and breadth of
viow which no othor group hns ever
shown. The great sociologist Schso-
ffle, who was by no means a radical,
■aid, "Thero is nothing more brutal
than a moneyed aristocracy in persecuting thoso who despise its dominion." In its strugglo the working class becomes keenly conscious
of the obstacles put in its way by
the great institutions of socioty, tho
courts, the press or tho church. It
demands not only impartiality, but
the kind of Bympathy which will
condone itB mistake and discern tho
justice of its cause in spite of the
excesses of its followers,"
"Our scientific political economy
has long been an oracle of tho falso
god. It has taught us to approach
economic questions from the point
of view of goods and not of men.
It tells us how wealth is produced
and divided and consumed by men,
and not how man's life and development can best be fosterod by ma*
terial wealth. It is significant that
the discussion of consumption of
wealth has been most neglected in
political economy; yot that is humanly the most important of all,
Theology must become Christocen-
trie; political economy must becomo
anthropocentric. Man is Christioni-
zed when he puts Ood before self;
political economy will be Christianized when it putB taau before wealth.
Sociolistic political economy does
that. It is materialistic in its theory
of human life and history, but it is
humane in its aims, and to that ox-
tent closer to Christianity than the
orthodox science haB been.
"SocialiBm is the ultimate ond
logical outcome of the Labor movement. Whon the entiro working class
throughout the industrial nations is
viewed in a largo way, tho progress
of socialism gives an impression of
rosistless and elemental powor. It is
inconceivable from the point of view
of that class, that it ahould stop
short of complcto independence and
equality so long as it has power to
move on, and independence and
equality for the working clasa must
moan tho collective ownership of the
means of production and the abolition of the present two class arrangement of industrial society. Nothing will bring tho working clasa to
a thorough comprehension of tho actual status of thoir class nnd its ultimate aim more quickly than the
DON'T bay cheep Ill-fitting ctothti because yon hevea-t
fufflcl._t rcadr caah to psy for. good farm-rats when yoa
cm ttt really .mart epparal ot the letter Und hm tor
both ladlu' and gent's iw on a "pay-aa-you-wear" plan.
Study the following terms carefully, then come In aat
■elect whatever you need from our large and varied etock of
up-to-date outer apparel.
Goods to value 910.00 payable 11.00 down, 98.00 monthly
"    ..     $17.60 *, "      93.00    "    91.00     "
* !' 928*00     "    ; 94.00    "     90.00      "
V       *     936.00      "       97.00     "     90.00      "
" 9O.00      "     910.00     "     90.00      "
Weekly plan arranged If more suitable.
New York Outfitting Co., Ltd.
Opposite Fro-rlacs 04c,
ley. 1301
continued failure to securo their
smaller demands and reactionary efforts to suppress their unions."
"Tho possessing classes are strong
by more possession long continued.
They control nearly all property.
The law is on their side, for they
have made it. They control tho machinery of government and ean use
forco under the form of law. Their
self-interest makes them almost impervious to moral truth if it calls in
question the sources from which
they draw their income. In the past
thoy have laughed at tho idealists
if they seemod harmless or suppressed them if they became troublesome."
Soma Massachusetts Women
The industries of Massachusetts
employ 212,464 adult women (Statistics of Manufacturers, 1017). One-
tenth of these women were working
for $8 per weok or less, 18,127 were
boing paid $8, but under (9 por
weok; £2,420 were receiving id but
under 410 per week; 24,004 were receiving $10 but undor $11 per weok;
nnd 24,133 were receiving $11 but
under $12 por weok. In short, 51.8
por cent of tho total number of womon working in tho Massachusetts industries at tho time when theae figures wore collected wero working
for $12 per woek or less. Only four
women in each hundred employed
wore paid as much as $20 per week.
Those wages aro for the weeks
when womon actually work. They
tako no account of periods of unemployment. At the timo those figures
were collected a living wago for a
woman in Massachusetts was approximately $12 per wook. Tho industries of Massachusetts valuo their
womon so lightly that they are willing to pay more than 100,0t)0 of
them a wage on which living decently cannot be maintained.
Figures covering the general industries of Massachusetts wero collected in the early stages of tho
war. Tho Massachusetts Minimum
Wago Commission has just issued a
Bulletin dealing with the wages paid
to women employed in the manufacture of candy. Those latter figures
wero compiled after the signing et
tho armistice when the cost of lh
ing was considerably higher than i
war in 1917. Thero were 1,071 won
en at work in tho establishments il
yostigated. Of theso 17.6 per cen
wero being paid less than $0 pe
weok; 45.1 per cent were workin
for less than $8* per week; 76.7 pe
cent wore receiving less than $1
per week, and only 8.7 per cent ha
a weekly wage in excess of $12. At
Burning that the minimum livrn
living wage ln 1918 was still $1
per weok (in reality It waa mor
than that) nine-tenths of all tb
women in an Important industr,
wcro being paid less than thi
The ruling class in Mnssachusett
may lament over the fate of wonie-
in Belgium and Serbia. It may sut
scribe largely to relief funds for thi
women sufferers in the near Eaat
Charity and intelligent statesman
ship begin at homo, however, and li
both of these directions the maste
cluss of Massachusetts seems to bt
strangely lacking.—Scott Nearing.
———— j
Strike Pay for Engineers
The following resolution enrriei
at the meeting of Engineers, Fin
men and Oilers Union (O. B. U. sec
tion) on Monday last:
"Resolved that all members whi
have beon on strike for two week
or more bo paid striko pay as fol
lows: All members actively engage:
on picket or strike committeo dut]
be paid $10 to date, June 23.
"All members not actively a
gaged on plckot or committeo dutj
bo paid the sum of $7 to date, Juni
23rd, 1919.
"This rate of pay to bo continue!
fer the next week,"
A valuable mearschaum pipe wai
lost at Uie Civic Employees' meet
ing in the Labor Temple laat Tue»
day morning. Will the finder plena*
leave at the Federationist offlco and
receive reward. ,il
How much longer are the para*
sites going to control the lives and
destinies of the great mass of producers! What are you going to do,
think or surrender!
Complete Outfitters to the
Men of the West
Keep Cool—
The hot days ahead call for
cool summer underclothing,
underclothing that lets the
body breathe—that gives you
the utmost comfort when you
move around—get into the
swim with the keep-cool class
and wear what they do.
Forsyth's Delpark—
The undergarment that keeps you
cool—in white, plain and barred material; combinations or single garments.   Combinations,
$1.50 to $2.50
Single garments,
Balbriggan Underwear—
The good old standby; known the
world over as the standard summer
underwear; sold by us today at tho
same, prico as before the war. Per
garment in every   , CH/*
size OUC
Our guarantee goes with everything
we sell—your money's worth or
your money back,
j  10% OS to AH Soldiers
33-45-47-49, Hastings ShEasfr'


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