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British Columbia Federationist Jul 13, 1923

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
$2.60 PER YEAR
Protests of Organized Labor Against Use of Military Effective
Fight Against "Besco" Like*
ly to Be a Long and
Bitter One
The Dominion government, after
the protests of organized labor became so numerous, has Btated through
Premier-King and Minister of Labor
Murdoch, that efforts are to be made
to have the troops removed trom
Nova Scotia.
The story of the steel workers and
miners In Nova Scotia, against the
British Empire Steel Corporation, Is a
story which, when written, will show
the ruthlessness of capitalism and
the sham of democracy la torn away.
The following, taken from The
Worker, will give a slight indication
of the struggle that the Nova Scotia
workera have had to face, and should
line up all workers throughout the
■Dominion in support of the action
taken by organized Labor in the support of the strikers.
"After a period of protracted negotiation, during which the British Empire Steel Corporation acted in a most
tricky and insolent manner, the steel
workers engaged in the giant mills at
Sydney, N. S., came out on strike at 3
o'clock a. m. June 28.
The walkout was complete, the men
striking 100 per cent strong for a 20
per cent, lncreaae tn wages, an 8-hour
day and the checkoff.
On the 27th, Besco played ItB trump
card by attempting to form a company
union (American plan); but no worker would fall for such a scheme, and
it was contemptuously rejected.
The fight will likely be a bitter one,
as the lawlessness of Besco ls well-
known and this gang of plunderers
can rely on the spineless Armstrong
government to rush to fts aid when
f called upon.
There is a factor that Besco will
consider, however, before lt attempts
to bring in Its scabs, thugs and gunmen. Back of the ateel workers stands
the solid army of the miners of District 26, U. M. W. A., who declare
they will come to the support of their
battling brothers of the ateel town.
The following press dispatch indl-
(Continued on page 3)
'Protest Against the Use of
Troops Against
The   local   Longshoremen's   Union
' haa taken a atand with replied to the
■ use of troops in the Nova Scotia strike
1 region.    At the laat regular meeting,
the following wire was ordered   forwarded to the minister of Labor at
i Ottawa:
The Hon. Jamea Murdock, Miniater of
Labor, Ottawa. -»
At the regular meeting of the Vancouver Longshoremen, lipid on Friday
evening, the attitude of your govern-
■ ment to the miners and steel workers
on atrike in Nova Scotia was discussed.. Meeting strongly protests the ac
tlon of government in sending troops
to coerce the workers to go back to
work for less than a living wage. The
action of your government tends to
prove to the workers, that government of Canada as practised by present incumbents of offlce, Is solely forth e purpose of maintaining the profits
of employing 'class, arid consequently
keeping the vast majority of Canadian
, citizens on the verge of poverty.   Imagine a man being able to keep his
family and appreciate his citizenship
[ on   32  cents per hour.    We  petition
f your department to use all the great
i powers of your offlce in having the
f militia   of   this   country   withdrawn
1 from strike area.   Their presence   is
aiding and forcing alave conditions on
' the workers there, and any settlement
arrived at under these conditions wtil
be a disgrace to your government, and
, only tend to a resumption of the fight
later oh.
THOS. NIXON, Secretary.
152 Cordova Street,
Vancouver, B. C.
The Hon. Mr, Murdock replied as
i follows;
"Ottawa, July loth, 1923.
"Thomas Nixon, 162 Cordova Street,
Vancouver, B. C. -
•Telegram received.    This government not responsible  for troops  in
Nova Scotia,  Troops were requisitioned under provision of Mllltla Act, sections 80 to 90, and had been called,
and were on their way to Sydney be-
i fore this government had knowledgo
j of the fact.   Every effort possible is
(.being made to have the troops wlth-
. drawn from the strike area.
'•Minister of Labor."
Opposes the Use of Troops
ih Nova Scotia
% Trades and Labor Council
me ^p-, held on Tuesday night, was,
aarln_ to the Circus and Carnival,
short and snappy.
After the minutes had been read,
on a recommendation of the executive, lt was decided to obligate the
delegates ahd then adjourn, but the
situation prevailing in the strike area
of Nova Scotia appeared. so Important, that time was given to discuss
this situation, and a resolution was
presented, calling on the Dominion
Government and the Nova Scotia administration to recall the troopa from
the strike zone, and to release Jim
McLaughlin and Dan Livingstone;
the resolution was adopted without
The delegates then arjourned to
the Circus and Carnival grounds and
spent an enjoyable evening, recognizing the fact that the next meeting of
the council would be a busy one, and'
call for all the intelligence and interest of the delegates.
Pictures of Russian Workers' Struggles Vividly
The "Nep" and Red Army
Described1 By Workers
Party Chairman
Jim Cannon, chairman of the
Workera Party of America, raised the
enthusiasm of a large Vancouver audience on Sunday Inst, when he gave
an address on Soviet Russia, Com,
Cannon has only recently returned
from the first Workers Republic, and
was able to give first hand information o nthe struggles of the workera
of Russia to reconstruct the economic
system, with the ultimate aim of establishing Communism ln that country.
At times the audience was so roused
that the speaker had to stop until the
applause had subsided, and when he
stated that the Red Army was not a
Russian army, but a proletarian army,
and would, when called upon, aid thet
workers of Europe in their revolutionary efforts, the climax was reached,
and the apeaker waa cheered to the
Comrade Bennett occupied the
chair, and a collection of 186* was taken, the collection being an indication
of the appreciation of the apeech of
Comrade Cannon, and literature to
the amount of $20 was sold.
In opening, Comrade Cannon stated
that this was the first time he had
been in Canada, and that while the
Ruaslan revolution was five years old,
it was evident that the workers would
never tire of hearing about It, as It
was the biggest thing the world had
ever seen, and had lighted the fires of
working class hopes und aspirations.
The apeaker next pointed out how
the Workera Republic had been blockaded and ahut off from the world, and
that counter revolutionary plots and
uprisings had been financed by world
capitalism, and then further hindered
by the famine.
Famine Conquered
But, said the speaker, tho famine
had been conquered, and Russia was
now at peace, and was recovering. Ho
also stated that he had found hardship and Buffering, but there was no
danger of the collapse of the Soviot
government—in fact, the predictions
of the press as to the imminent fall of
the government were falae, as tho
present regime was stronger now than
over, and the economic progress went
hand in hand with the politicul progress which wus being made,
Tho "Nep"
The new economic policy, which
the speaker atated was called the
"Nep," was next dealt with, and the
reasons for thia policy outlined, the
speaker taking the stund that this new.
policy was framed to meet the backward Industrial and economic conditions of the country, and also the lack
of aid from the European proletariat,
A retreat had to be made, becauae
they had moved too fast, and thts
fact was frankly admitted by Lenln,
while a lot of so-called Marxians
and revolutionists did not like the
Russian revolution, because It was not
carried out according to their blueprint, had decided that Ri.ei_.fa must
go back to capitalism. The Russian
people will never go back to the system which Is the predominating factor In the exploitation of the workers
of capitalistic countries, but they have
made a retreat In order to develop Industry, and that the new policy had
been hammered out by history,
(Continued on page 4)
GANADA is supposed to be a democratic country. The Dominion Parliament is
credited with being in control of the military forces. The time for a test case
is now. Troops are bring used1 against workers in Nova Scotia, who compelled by
conditions which were unbearable, have left their work preferring to starve to
death quickly rather than suffer a long, lingering death from malnutrition.
The Trades Congress of Canada has called for a special session of parliament
When such a call was issued by the big business interests, so that war matters
might be dealt with, there was no reluctance on the pact of the government to comply with the request—in fact the government superseded parliament, and the democracy for which the troops were fighting, sham as it was, was relegated to the
dust heap.
"Democracy" now calls for a special session of parliament. The Liberal government is, according to the estimate of the members of the Liberal Party, the
custodian of democracy. Then let us have it and demonstrate once again to the
workers that the democracy of their masters is epitomized in the use of troops in
strikes, and the suppression of all working class activities which interfere with
the interests of the ruling class. The fight is becoming a merry one. Let it go,
and while the Trades Congress calls for action on the part of the government, the
Congress can only function with the backing of its affiliated members. Support
the action of Congress, should be the slogan, and if Congress does not go far
enough, then push it further ahead.
The Two Sides of the Labor Movement
[By I. Stalin] '
[The writer of the following article
makes no claim to originality, but
penned the article aa a collective survey of Lenin's fundamental views.]
DOLIT1CAL strategy and tactics alike
deal with the Lbaor movement.
But the Labor movement itself fa composed of two factors, ihe objective or
elementary and the subjective or conscious. The objective, eiemontary constituent ta that group of events which
take place independent of the conscious or regulative will of the proletariat. The economic development of
the country, the development of capitalism, he decay of the old power, the
elementary movement of the proletariat and of the classes surrounding it,
the class war, etc.—all these are phenomena whose development is not dependent on the will of, the proletariat.
This Is the objectivo side of the movement. Strategy hus nothing to do
with theBG processes, for here it can
neither create nor alter. If can only
reckon with these processes and utilize
them as a starting point. This is the
sphere of the theoretical study of
Marxism and of the party programme.
Another Side
But the movement possesses another side, the subjective, the conscious
side. The. subjective aspect of thb
movement ls the reflection of the elementary processes In the heads of the
workers, it is the conscious and systematic movement for the attainment
of definite aims. This Bide of the movement Is subject to the fullest extent to
the regulative effect of strategy and
tactics, and is for this reason of special
Interest to us. Although strategy Is
unable to change anything ln the objective processes of the movement,
here in the subjective,- conscious aide
of the movement the field of action
opened out to strategy is wide and
manifold, for strategy can accelerate
or retard the movement, indicate to it
the shortest path, or the path strewn
with difficulties and sacrifices; all this
tlei_ends on the perfection or shortcomings of tho strategy itself,'
To accelerate or retard the
movement, to facilitate or hinder it—
this is the sphere of politicnl strategy
'and tactica, theBe are the confines off of the struggle with Denikin.    All
Object to Use of Troops in
the Nova Scotia
Local 452 of the United brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, went
ou record on Monday night as being
opposed to -the use of troops in the
strike area In Nova Scotia, and the arrest of Jim MacLachlan and Dan
Livingstone. Wires of protest were
ordered sent to Premier King, Premier Armstrong of Nova Scotia, and
to the Trades Congress of Canada, A
copy of lhe wire wus ulso ordered
sent to the Glace Bay Miners Union.
Twelvo new mombers were initiated
and the Indications ure that there will
be a greater number of new membera
nt the next meeting.
The new officer.* were duly installed
by Bro. Murdock Mackenzie, a past
president of the local, and the delegates to tho Trades and Labor Council were instructed to advocate tn thc
central body that a protest against
the use or troops in the strike of steel
workers and miners In Nova Scotia be
aent and that the Trades Congreaa of
Canada be asked to take action.
their possibilities.
Theory and Programme of Marxism
The study of the objective processes
of the movement la not incumbent on
strategy. But one is none the less obliged to be familiar with these processes, and to take thehi into consideration, If grave errors are not to be
committed by the leadership of the
movement. The theory of Marxism,
and then the programme of Marxism,
are especially occupied with the study
of the objective processes of the movement. Hence atrategy must rest entirely on the existing theories and programmes of Marxism.
The study of the objective processes
of capitalism, its development and decay, brings the theoryof Marxism to
the conclusion that the overthrow ot
the bourgeoisie and the seizure of
power by the proletariat, the replacement of capitalism by Socialism, are
Proletarian theory can be called
Marxian only when It is based on this
main conclusion of Marxian theory.
As the programme of Marxism proceeds from the given theories, it determines the alms of the proletarian
movement, and formulates them scientifically in the points of the programme. The programme may be
valid either for the whole period of
capitalism and the organization of Socialist productioV or only for a definite phase ln the development of capitalism; for Instance, the destruction
of the vestiges of the feudal absolutist
state of society and the creation of the
pre-requlattea of the free development
of capitalism. This programme may
consist of two parts: of the mlxtmum
and of the minimum part The strategy proceeding from the minimum
part of the programme must naturally be different from that baaed on Ita
maximum part; but a strategy can
only be be named Marxian when it is
guided by the aims of the movement
formulated in the programme of
The most important task of strategy
is to ascertain the main line to be
followed by the working class movement, the line most advantageous for
the purpose of enabling the proletariat to strike its enemy that main blow
required for the attainment of tbe
aims established by the programme.
The Htrategic plan organizes this decisive blow in such a manner that lt cnn
yield the grcuteHt results within tho
shortest lime.
The fundamental lines of politicul
strategy could bo laid down without
particular trouble by drawing nn analogy with military strategy, tor instance, from the civil war nt the timo
.Inly l.Uli to .Inly 20th
FIUDAY, July 13—Milk Salesmen and Dairy Employe?*,
Plumbers and Steamfltters,
MONDAY, July 16—Electrical
Workers, No. 310, Boilermakers, Structural Iron Workers.
TUESDAY, July 17—Trades and
Labor Council.
WEDNESDAY, July 18—Lithographers.
THUHSDAY, July 19—Tailora
Executive, Stoam and Operat-
atlng Engineers, No. 844,
Plasterera' Laborers, Machinists, No. 182.
Russian comrades will recollect {he
end of the year 19*19, when Denikin
stood before Tula. At {hat time there
were interesting controversies Among
the military leaders as to the best
point at which to deal Denikln's army
the decisive blow. Some of the military leaders proposed that the main
attack be modern the line Tzarltzin-
Novoroaalak. Others suggested the
Voronesh-Roatov line, as this would
enable the breach in Denikin'a line to
be followed by a division of the hostile
army into two sections which could
then be treated separately. The flrat
plan doubtless had positive advantages in ao far as the occupation of
Novorosslsk would cut off the retreat
of Denlkln's army. But it had the die-
advantage of entailing an advance
through districts hostile to the Soviet
power (Don province), thus involving
great sacrifices; on the other hand, it
was dangerous, for It left the road to
Moscow, through Tula ond Tzerpu-'
chov, open to Denikln's army. The
second plan for striking the main blow
wus the only correct one; In the first
pluce, it proposed an advance of our
main forces through a district in sympathy with the Soviet power, thus eliminating exorbitant sacrifices; nnd in
the second place it hindered Denikln's
main army in its advance on Moscow.
The majority of the military experts
were in favor of the second plan, and
the fnte of the whole wur with Denikin
wus thus decided.
In other words: The determination
of the direction of the main blow sig-
nifles the pre-determlnation of the
character of the .operations for thc
whole poriod of the war, and with It,
nine-tenths of the outcome of the war.
This is the tusk to be accomplished
by strategy,
The same must he snid of political
strategy; The flrst serious controversies among the leaders of the Russiun
proletariat with regnrd to the main
line of the proletarian movement occurred at the beginnisg of the present
century, at the time of the Russo-
Japanese wnr, As is well known, one
section of our party (the Menshevik)
were ut that time of the opinion that
the main line of the proletarian movement in its struggle against Czarism
should be the formation of a bloc be-
(Continued on  page 2)
Preparations Made for Nice
Day's Outing, and Big
Crowd Expected
The Union Tailors of Vancouver
have decided on holding a picnic at
Bowen Island on  the   17th of July.
The boat will leave tho Union Steamship Company's wharf nt 3:15. The
charges for adults, $1.50, and for children 60 cents.
Mnny sporting events huve been arranged for, and a special feuturo will
be whippet races, something not often
seen in Cunadn. All the best possible
eatables will be provided, while lhe
children will be regaled with Ico
cream and otber things dear to tho
kiddles, ns well as toothsome edibles.
A largo crowd Is expected, nnd tickets cnn be aecurod from nny member
of the Tailors Union, or Labor officials ut the Labor Temple, 319 Pender
Street Wost.
New York—A proflt of $4,446,039
for thc flrst nix months of 1923 is announced by the Hudson Motor Car Co.
This proflt Ib after ul) charges, depreciation and taxes were paid.
Initial Move Is Being Made
for the United
In the effort to present a united
among the workers of, the Capital
City, the pinks, pale pinks, reds and
yellows will gather together at Conn
Bay, a delightful summer resort near
the uplands on Sunday next. Thla ls tht
initial move toward ataging a red picnic upon a more pretentious scale before the summer months are over
Light recreation will be provided for
the kiddles, the grown ups lt ls expected, will engage ln a round table discussion on the break-up of capitalism,
the advent of Socialism and the workers' place during the transitory period.
The object of these gatherings is to
bring home to the workera the necessity of closing up the gaps; that a
united front la neceuary to achieve
dur objective and consolidating every
advance during the struggle. Workers of every shade of opinion are invited. The outing will partake of the
nature ola basket picnic.
Patronize Federatloniat advertisers.
All Government Boats Are
Hampered by Union
Men Quitting
Ships Arriving Vancouver
Are Immediately
The C. G. M. M. Ltd., officials managed to secure enough "labor" to man
the first of the unfair vessels, namely,
the steamer Canadian Volunteer, since
the strike was declared on June 29,
1923, on the C. G. M. M. vessels (deep
sea and deep sea coastal only). It Is
reported that many of those who decided to scab on the men who follow
tha sea for their livelihood, were
from the university or high school,
(who are on their holidays at present.)
The S. S. Canadian Observer reached Ocean Falls, B. C, after very trying experiences on account of the crew
who were inexperienced, with one or
two exceptions; many of the crew were
so disgusted when the vessel arrived
at Ocean Falls, that they decided to
leave the vessel at once and puy their
fares back to Vancouver, and not
trouble going to sea again, as long ns
conditions uro so bad us they experienced on their short spasm.
The S. S. Canadiun Highlander, tlie
second of the unfair hunger ships, Is
still on the coast endeavoring to pick
up the balance of men to man her.
The S. S. Cnnndian Vttlunteer, the
third of the unfair hunger ships, has
bcen one week in port, u Individual
doing his utmost to satisfy the C. G
M. M. officials that he is capable of
supplying these ships wtfth strikebreakers. The unfnir ship Volunteer
was to leave Vancouver on Wednesday, July 11, but is still in port at the
time of going to press (Thursday,
July 12.)
The S. S. Canadian Importer, the
fourth of the unfair ships, arrived in
port on July x. The entire crow were
so disgusted with their troubles nt
sen. that they threw In their lot with
thoso who are on strike, This ship
left Vancouver with the assistance of
shore bofle.r seniors, as strike-breakers could not bc obtnlend.
The Vancouver branch of the f. L,
A. wns notified officially of the striko
on Friday, July 6, 1323. Thut organization appointed a committee (o interview the C. G. M. M. officials. This
committee met the oillcinls of tho C.
O. M, M., who stnlod that they were
willing tn open negotiations, if the
Seafarers' would withdraw tho pickets,
but that thoy would not negotiate on
tho domand for wages. Tho Seafarers
got In touch with the C. G. M. M.
officials, and received thc same answer
as the committee from the I. L. A.
Needless to say, no settlement could
be nrrived at, therefore tho strike noes
on merrily, with iho crew of each ship
that is affected by the strike, joining
tho ranks of the strikors.
The S. S. Canadian Hover Ib the
next ship to arrive, on which the crew
have alrendy tendered their notice to
leave the ship on arrival at this port.
The management nro bluffing that
they hnvo lots of appllcntlons from
men who hnve expressed their desire
to net ns strike-breakers on those who
nro fighting for their rights on these
ships, operated by the C, G, M. M.
Tho S. S. Canadian Scottish iB at
present at Prince Rupert, and ns soon
aa sho arrives her crew will quit, unless articles are changed at the north
em port.
Demand Release of J. Mae*
Lachlan and Dan
Attempts of Government to
Assist "Besco" Is
At the packed meeting addressed
by Jim Cannon on Sunday last in the
Columbia theatre, the following resolutions, relating to the strike In Nova
Scotia of the steel workers and miners, were paaaed, without opposition:
"Whereas, in the opinion of this
meeting, the arrest of J. B. MacLach-
lin and Dan Livingstone, preaident
and secretary of District 24, U. M. W.
of A. Is a deliberate attempt on the
part of the government of Nova Scltia
to assiBt tbe British Empire Steel Corporation, and wreck th eorganlzation
of the workera, we demand th/ immediate and unconditional release of
these two men, and that a copy of this
resolution be sent to the premier and
attorney-general of Nova Scotia.."
Recognizing the discriminatory attitude of the British Empire Steel
Company In Nova Scotia, and the at****
forts of that company to crush the organizations of the workers, this mass
meeting of th eclttoens of Vancouver
demands the Immediate and unconditional withdrawal of troops from the
strike area, and that wires to thla effect be sent to the premier of Canada,
the minister of Labor, and the premier of the Province of Nova Scotia,
and also the following wire be aent to
the authorities named:
"That this mass meeting of citizens
of Vancouver demands the Immediate
and unconditional withdrawal of the
troopa In the Btrike area of Nova
Chicago—The Cigarmakers International Union Is about ready for ita
next convention, which haa been called for by a popular vote. ThiB is indicated by literature being circulated by
a so-called "educational committee of
the cigar and tobacco industry."
Chicago—Organized street car nnd
thc surface and elevated companies
have agreed to arhitrate wuge differences. Mnyor Dever acted ns mediator in bringing the contending pnrties
workers: party
Propaganda Meeting Sunday Night Is
The regular propaganda meeting of
the Workers Party has been cancelled
for Sunday night. This is to enable
all the members and their friends to
participate in the picnic to Bowen Island on that date. Tills picnic will
he of thc basket variety—thnt is to
say—everybody provides his or .Jier
own fodder. The committee In chargo
will supply ten and coffee for lunches,
and Ice cream for the kitis.
Arrangements have been made with
the Union Steamship Co., who own
the picnic grounds, and No, 'I grounds
have been reserved for oui' use for Iho
day. Children's sports, for which
prizes will l)e offered, baseball, Swimming and loafing will occupy the time
not taken up In en ling, ami since the
weather man appears to be gracious,
the dny should be a pleasant one for
all who turn up.
Tho boat will leave tho Union Co.
dock, and ull who propose to conic,
ar,e requested to be there not later
than 10 o'clocfc. Thc Tare for tho
round trip is $1.00, .everybody should
wear a piece of red ribbon nn n distinguishing mark, and to induce sociability. There will bo lots of room
for everybody who was at Cannon's
meeting Inst Sunday, so don't be backward, Forgot the horrors Of capitalism for onc dny at leaBt.
Patronise Federationist advertisers.
Bricklayer Injuml
Georgo Hawksworth, a member of
Local No. 1 of tho Bricklayers und
Masons Union No. 1, .Vancouver, B,
C, was seriously injured ln Senttle on
Monday last. A piece of steol fell
from the tenth storey of the Horton
& Dexter building, on which he was
working, and snmll hopes are offered
us to his recovery. The members of
the local in Vancouvor are much concerned as to (he result of the accident,
and while the operation performed on
Wednesdny morning wns successful,
the members of hie local are awaiting
news as to his condition, and at the
same time hoping for his complete
Superior, Wis.—The annual convention of the Wisconsin Stnte Federation
of Labor will be held in this city beginning-July 17. PAGE TWO
FRIDAY Ju)y 18,  1023
Published every Friday morning by The B. C. Federatlonist
Business Olllce:   112- Howe Street
Editorial   Offlce:     Room   306—319   Pender   Btreet   West
Editorial Board:   P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, George Bartley.
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per
year; Canada, *,2.50 per year, $1.50 for six months; to
Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per member per
Unity of Labor:  The Hope of tlie World
FRIDAY July 13,  1923
Organized Labor Must Step In
T.HE USE OF TROOPS in tlie strike in Nova Seo-
tia, lias roused thc antagonism of the workevs
who1 are organized in this country. Resolution after
resolution have been sent from local unions, and the
Trades and Labor Congress has taken a stand.
Not only has Trados Congress asked for the recall
of the troops in thc strike area, but the executive
of that body has asked, that if necessary, a special
session of parliament bc called to deal with thc situation.
That this step has become necessary, can be seen
by the following wire received in Vancouver from
the Minister of Labor in response to a demand that
the troops should be withdrawn. The wire reads as
follows: "Telegram received. This government not
responsible for troops in Nova Scotia. They were
requested by local authorities, under sections of
Militia Act 80 io 90, and the troops were on their
way from Halifax to Sydney before wc knew of
such a request. We are now and have been for some
days enSeavoring to ascertain if withdrawal of
troops from Sydney can not be authorized by those
responsible for calling them there."
What this win} means, we are unable to say, but
we will leavo it to our readers to decide whether
when, during the war, the Dominion government
was responsible for conscription, and whether the
government was responsible for the recall of the
troops from France when the war was over.
One thing is, however, sure, and that is that the
British Empire Steel Corp., an organization formed
for the exploitation of wage slaves, and headed by
Roy Wolvin, was capable of securing troops to protect its property* Wc care not whether the Minister
of Labor in the Dominion government wishes to pass
the buck or*"not, but we do realize the fact that the
power behind the throne, even in Great Britain, is
capital, and do not think that this power is lacking
in Canada.
In the meantime, it is up to every local union in
Canada to support the Trades Congress in the effort
made to have the troops recalled, and at the same
time, Jim MacLachlan and Dan Livingstone freed
from ruling class persecution. If thc Trades and
Labor Congress executive has seen fit to move in
this matter, the least the unions can do is to follow
in the lines which the rank and file has decided
that executive shall travel. Get your union busy.
It is your fight—it may be in Nova Seotia this time,
but it may bo in British Columbia next.
ferred to, she will speak the truth; but if she informs them that there is prosperity in British Columbia for a wage slave, no matter as to the nationality, she will not tell the truth—and she knows it
Before she packs her grips, our advice to Mrs.
Smith is that, for once, she should come out and
state what she knows to be the truth, and as a
mother, refuse to be the pawn of the ruling class,
as represented by the government at Ottawa.
A New Aspect of the Labor
TYJ.SPA1R OF THE WORKERS waking up to their
own interests ,and with the prevailing organizations, has long been the key note of the radical element in the Lalior movement. But those who watch
and study the activities of the world's workers, are
inspired by lhe advance which has been made in recent years. Only this week, in Great Britain, the
workers have, taken a stand which is, to say the
least, a step forward. British Dock Workers, in
spite of thcir officials' decisions and advance, have
decided to carry on their fight against the employers, as thc following dispatch will show:
"London, July 10.—(Canadian Press)—The
British Dockers' strike has now become a strike
not against employers, but against unions. The
men arc refusing to carry out the union agreement by which wages were reduced in parallel
' to the reduction in the cost of living."
The Federationist does not support the policy of
secession from the unions, neither does it favor the
policy of refusing to abide by the will of the majority of the members of any organization, but it will,
at all times, demand that the wish of'the majority
'shall be the policy of the Labor movement when that
policy is drawn up and put into operation by the
rank and file.
And this is exactly what happened in the Old
Land if we are able ta read between the lines. The
members of the Dock Workers Union, recognizing
thc treachery of the men who fit in the niche which
J. II. Thomas occupies, have decided that they will
determine their own policy and control as far as
possible, under (lie present system—their wages.
This is a healthy sign, and one which indicates that
the Labor movement in the Old Land is being
aroused. "Oh Canada," what about itV Will the
workers of this country ever wake up—we think so.
Tb the task, and every member of organized Labor
must play his part.
Mrs. Smith ahd Immigration
POR A CONSIDERABLE time the question of im-
^ migration has been brought to the attention of
the people of this Province, and the Dominion of
Canada. Every method has been used to persuade
the populace that wc need more workers in Canada,
so that prosperity may be induced to eome "Jrom
around the corner."
*        *        #
Thc latest move of the British Columbia government is indicated in the following press dispatch,
dated at Victoria, on the 7th of the month:
What British Columbia has to offer settlers
in return, for hard and serious .work to develop her vast natural resources, especially agricultural, will be told to the people of thc
British Isles and Norway and Sweden by Mrs.
Mary Ellen Smith, M. P. P.   Mrs. Smith was
instructed from Ottawa this morning to pack
up and get ready for her latest assignment in
the interests of the country.    Sending Mrs.
Smith as a settlement envoy extraordinary to
Europe has been mooted for some time.   But
until the government had decided upon a definite immigration poliqy, Mrs.* Smith, who was
asked to undertake the work, eould not get
away.   As it is she will not have mueh time,
for, she said this morning, she will return to
Vancouver in time to resume her legislative
'    duties.   She plans to leave Vancouver for Ottawa next Saturday.    Just what her itinerary
will be she could not say, as that is being ar-
"    ranged in Ottawa.
After Mrs. Smith had packed her grips, and also
her instructions from- Ottawa, she might also pack
a few facts in her mind for the edification of the
prospective immigrants. She might, for instance,
note that wages arc falling; that there is unemployment and destitution in the Province of British
Columbia, and that the government of which she is
a supporter, has ignored or refused to take the only
stops tiossible to relieve the misery of 'the working
class in thc last great west; where men starve in
the midst of plenty, and where the natural resources and the workers are exploited for the profit
of a ruling class which has no God, no sentiment,
and only greed.
.        *        *        *
If Mra. Smith will convey these facts to the men
and women she is to address in the countries re-
Europe's Difficulties
■THE VANCOUVER DAILY PROVINCE has called attention to the fact that a man exists who
imagines that a solution of Europe's difficulties can
be found.   The editorial comment referred to, in
part, reads as follows:
"An almost pathetic exhibition of trust in the
power of gold is given by Mr. Bole, who offers a
prize of $100,000 to thc person who can produce
the best plan for the settlement of Europe's
troubles. For some years statesmen, men of affairs, philosophers, divines, poets, philanthropists, idealists, scholars and iuspirationists have
been working on the problem. They have given
it solemn and careful study. So far they have
not been successful. It may be that they have
failed because no one offered them $100,000 for
success. All the other motives of humanity,
public economy and enlightened self-interest
may be less effective to produce benevolent
statesmanship than a cash reward.
.        .        .
We recognize the pathetic part of Mr. Bok's appeal, but at the same time eall the attention of our
readers to the fact that the Provinee recognizes that
statesmen*! divines and diplomats and others have
not been 'able to solve the troubles which afflict not
only Europe, but the entire civilized world.
Recognizing thc failure of the persons or class of
individuals referred to in solving the world's
troubles, we feel inclined to go after that $100,000.
With that sum vie could at least propagate the only
policy whieh will rid thc world of poverty and distress, namely the dictatorship of the working class,
and the abolishment of thc present system, and that
might help a little. But we'are afraid the sum
offered is hardly large enough to pay the interest on
the debts'of Europe.
Capital Levies and the Workers
nnilE BRITISH LABOR PARTY has decided to
make a capital levy an integral part of its policy.
Fortunes arc to bc taxed on a graduated scale, if
the party assumes power, and this policy is supposed
to be the keystone of thc policy of the party.
As a means to securing power, this policy may attract many voters. It will appeal to the small business men whose incomes do not reach thc point
where they can.be taxed under the scheme of a capital levy, but when thc capital levy is made, it will be
made on capital and capital is composed of the profits wrung from the working class.
,    *        *.        *
The only policy for Labor to adopt, politically, is
that of seeking to secure the overthrow of capitalism. This does not mean that the workers should
not have any definite or immediate policy to meet
the conditions of the moment, but it docs mean that
all the efforts of the workers politically should have
that objective in sight. Capital levies, and all the
rest of sueh policies, may be made the means to the
end, but the end must be the abolishment of thc present order of society.   -
Employers Break    Agreement and Invoke
Seattle—The Washington State Federation ol' Labor has asked ollicers of
the Seattle Typographical Union to
submit a report of a recent decision
against the union by the Stato Supreme Court to the state convention of
the Foderation at Beilingham.
The supr«me court upheld the claim
of the Paciilc Typesetting Company
for $20,000.
Thlg company had a contract with
the union when the ■H-hour strike
started. In violation of-that agreement the company began filling orders from anti-union concerns. I Refusal to desist resulted In the union ordering its members from the 'plant,
^'ho company started suit for $20,000
damages' but the superior court of
King County threw the case out of
court. The state supreme court has
remanded the case back to the superior court for re-trlal.
A New Light Is Thrown on
the Bucket Shop
New York—Woll Street's purity brigade, thut always Insists on liandcuC-
flng- labor to its job, and on incorporating trade unions, demands the right
to continue to fleece the people
through bucket shop tactics.
Millions of dollars have been lost by
the-publtc since the first of the year,
because of the failure oT several brokerage houses. State officials can not
secure convictions of intent-to defraud
unless they have the books of the brokers. The New' York Stock Exchange
assumes a virtuous pose and calls on
brokers to comply with the law, but
the law has a "joker" in it—the broker can not be punished unless he
waives his right to immunity.
Of course, the crooked broker will
not risk a trial, and the New York
Stock Exchange gravely talks about
"constitutional rights." The district
attorney says the exchange has fought
every attempt, to bring the brokerage
business under broad public control.
The Real Reason for Opposition to Public   .
New York—Reports by railroad
equipment Companlts show why these
concerns are urging stockholders
call on congress to "leave the railroads
Profits for "the first half of 1023 have
been unusually large, and prospectB
are bright for a continuance of this
condition if congress makes no change
in the free hand railroads have of paying for their equipment to companies
with whom their directors are interlocked.
Locomotive companies have been especially benefited because of the shop
men's strike, and the three, leading
locomotive concerns, Baldwin, American and Lima, have been operating to
All of the equipment companies report large earnings, after dividends,
depreciation and taxes have been puid.
The Two Sides of
the Labor Movement
(Continued from Page 1)
tween the proletariat and the liberal
bourgeoisie; this plan completely, or
alftiost cbmpletely, excluded the most
important revolutionary factor, the
peasantry and placed the leading role
of the whole revolutionary movement
in the hands of the liberal bourgeoisie.
The other section of the party (the,
Bolsheviki) maintained that the main
blow should be carried out by means
of a bloc between proletariat and peasantry, and that the leading role of
the wholo ^evolutionary movement
should be placed in the hands of the
proletariat, the liberal bourgeoisie being neuartllzed.
If we compare our whole revolutionary movement, from the turn of the
centnry until the February revolution
of 1917, it becomes clear that the fate
of Czarism and of the landowners depended in a high degree on the acceptance of the one or the other strategic
plan (the Menshevist of the Bolshevist), from the acceptance of the one
or the other main line of revolutionary movement.
Just as the military strategy at the
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Dayfoot's solid leather, plain
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Fine Boots, such as Bell's Astoria and Strider.
Men's Khaki Work Shirts, at
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Headlight Overalls.
W.B. Brummitt
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Men's Suits, from $18.00.
Serge Suits, $2{j.00.
Pig-kin Gloves, SOo per pair.
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A Special Disposal of Womens
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In many attractive styles and many colors,
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—Drysdale's Sports Shop, Third Floor
575 OranviUe Street f hone Seymour 3540
time of the war with Denikln's choosing tho main lines of the blow ^to be
dealt, also determined nine-tenths of
the character of all further operations
until the complete annihilation of
Denikin, in the same manner our political strategy, by deciding to carry on
the .revolutionary movement in the
spirit of the Bolshevist' plans determined the character of the action taken
by your party during the whole period
of open struggle against Czarism, from
the Russo-Japanese war until the
February revolution of the year 1917.
It is the chief task of political strategy to correctly determine the main
lines to be pursued by the proletarian
movement in each separate country,
and to do thls on the basis of the theory and programme of Marxism, at
the same time taking into consideration the experience gained in the revolutionary struggle by the workers of
all countries.
(To be continued)
at the Government
You get the Perfection
of Satisfaction in every
bottle of "Cascade."
Brewed in our Million-dollar
This advertisement is not published or displayed
by the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of British Columbia.
JULY Clearance SALE
"Vow Proceeding
The Season's most attractive
DRESSES      Sale
SUITS Prices
Buy NOW nnd SAVE
SUIT  OO. I_td.
Drugless Healing
IF 70a are troubled with any kind
US. Wo are Specialists; we have
bad yeara of experlenoe; wo baro
equipment tbat no others hsve. We
want you to INVESTIGATE; it
coats ron nothing. If you want the
have It to give, and we want 70a to
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Downie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey. 60S, High. 2134L
Ws repreient tha American University
of Sulpnctic, Seattle, Wash.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
.01*408 Metropolitan Building
037 Halting! It. W. VAHOOUVEB, B. O.
TilipbO-ti: Seymour 0060 ud 0007
R_n( np Pbone Sermonr IIH
for appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
Soil*   301   Dominion   Building
1100 OaoriU Street
Sunday iinlui, 11 a.m. ud 7:10 p.m.
Sunday school Immediately following
morning aervice. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. tree reading room,
001003 Blrki Bldg.
B. P. Harrison g. a. P«rf
Phon. Fairmont 00
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and dances,
Phone, Highland 90.
Cigar Store
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rate. Reasonable
"A Oood Plaoe to Eat"
—of Ust—
OIomi July Slit, 10SS
TF you are  contemplating   taking  new I
A aervlje, or making any onangoa ln or
addition-   to  your  present aervice,  you [
shoull send notification, ln writing, not }
later than the above date, in order that
you may take advantage of the new directory lutings.
Two Short Words, Bridging the Gulf Between
.l!*T,..-_!-.!__*,-l_. ijaS"1' »»*■ fear family »I-I_at nek u emarganay,
witk • BAVINCM ACCOUNT—tha mut valuable Anal a mu MB hava for
tk. "BAINT DAT."
W. STRONGLY BEOOHHIND you to atari auck an account AT ON0I,
at ona of our City Branohea.
Oordon ud Abbott Main ud SOth Art.
Om. f.
Harmon, ICanagu
bin ud Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
P.S.—If you ara living In . community not provided with Banking faellltlea, addreaa ni by mall, and we will b. glad to guide you iu reapect to "Banking by Mall." ItlDAT July 13, 1921
Honest Dental Work
at Fair Prices
15-Year CEE me about your teeth, lean
w . , perform all necessary work
Written skilfully  and  inexpensively —
Guarantee Crowns  and Bridges, Expres-
_,. sion  Plates, Extractions,. Pill-
wven jngS) py0rrhoea Treatments, etc.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Formerly member of the Faculty of Colloge of Dentistry, University of
Soutliern Cnlifornin, locturer on Orown and Bridge work, demonstrator
un Platework and Operative Dentistry,  local and general Annstlusia.
The Illusions of Fascism
Cor. Seymour—Bank of Nova Scotia Building
Phone Seymour 3331
[By Gum, Rome] *
TN A CERTAIN' sense Mussolini is
right when he maintains that Italian
Fascism is unique in its way, and tKat
the various Fascist currents abroad
are only bad copies of his work. It
ts only possible to comprehend the
origin and development o£ Italian
Fascism if we subject the economic
and social structure of Italy to detailed examination. From the standpoint of modern state and capitalistic
economic organization, . Italy ls the
youngest of the European * nations.
Thus the process of crystallization and
solidification of the separate social
classes Is far behind that of the western and central European nations. Until quite recently Italy lacked a ruling
clasB with a definite economic physiognomy. Although industrial capi*
tal had gained thu political ascend,
ancy to a certain extent during the
last  decade,   the   industrial  develop
YancouVer Unions
Vancouver trades and labor
1 Council — Prealdeat,  R.  H.  Neelanda,   M.
Ii, A.; general seeretary, Percy R. Bengongh.
Ifflce: 308, 819 Fender St. Weat. Phone Say.
'496. Meets Id Labor Hall at 8 p.m. on
he first and third Tuesdays in month.
Meets second Monday in the month. Pre*
ldent,_ J.  R. White; aeoretary,  R, H. Neel
ands. P. 0. Box 66.
J dova Street West*—Business meetings
Irery Wednesday evening. A. Maclnnis,
■halt-man; fi. H, Morrison, seo-treas.; Geo,
|>. Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
, C, corresponding seoretary.
I Any diatrict in British Colombia "desiring
tformation re securing speakers or the for*
tatlon of loul branches, kindly communicate
1th Provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
84 Birks Bldg., Vaneonver, B. C. Tele-
hone Seymonr 1882, or Fairmont 4938.
second Thursday every month, 819 Pender
■treet West. President, J. BrlghtweU-
nancial secretary, H. A. Bowron, 929*   *""*
-ve. East.	
OURNKVME& BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union of America—Looal 120, Van-
ouver, B. 0., meets second and fonrth Tnes-
aya in each month in Room 818—819 Pen-
or Street West. President, 0. E. Herrett,
1 Hastings Street •'Esst; secretary, A. R.
ani, 820 Cambie Street. Showphone, Sey.
|702.    Residence phone, Dong. MUIR.
International   brotherhood   of
1 Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
■ra of America,  Looal  194—Meetings  first
Jnd third Mondaya in eaoh month.    President, P. Willis; seeretsry, A. Fraier.
■loom 808—819 Pender Street West.
Tottts, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 6 p.m.
brieklayera or masons for boiler worka,
■to.,  or marble setters, phone Bricklayers'
paton, Labor Temple. .
In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
them that "Fascist syndicalism aims at
one goal only, the attainment of the
maximum production and well-being,
In which the separate interests of the
various categories must, however, be
subordinated to the highest interests
of the fatherland." We Communists,
who still cling to the "obsolete superstition" that the "highest interests of
the fatherland" are absolutely identical with the lowest profit greed of the
capitalists, look on with much interest to see what the masses confined in
the Fascist-organizations will say to
this sort of class harmony.
- This prospect appears to fill some
liberal groups of the bourgeoisie with
anxiety, and the brighter Intelligences
among, the bourgeois politicians are
convinced of the untenableness of the
social and economic, experiments of
Fascism. The Milan Corriere della
Sera, one of the most respectable bourgeois organs, has recently aroused the
■' TERS anTjo"ine"riTLoosl «»-£Mifi*-
Vm. Dunn;   recording "jcretary. W. Page,
Cd and fourth Mondaya. 8 pjn.. Room 5,
^19 Pender Street West.  ■——■
. „ -EMPLOYEES   ™l0V?t UB ?"*
tnd third Fridays in .psoh month, a   148 Oo
ti va Street West.    President, David tutnm,
Will Start BMt secretarytreasurer, Geo.
ft-.!.!!... 1182 Parker Street.	
J   Steam   and   Operating,
livery Thursday at 8 p."
Local  844—Meots
Room 307 Labor
N. Qreen, OSB
iTem'ple.    Secretary-treasurer, ...  ___.
-     •-.. _.____.    p^on8 g0Jr> 7048R.   Record-
J.   R    Cunt-tall.   308   First
Hornby Street.    --.   .  „
Ing   secretary,   J.   R*   Campbell,
Street, North Vancouver.
Every reader of The Federatloniat
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions aa soon aa
they are due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effprt to do thla.   Try lt.
Presidont, Nell MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
ecretary, 0. A. Watson, No. 8 Firehall.
Union, Local 28—441 Seymour Street,
leets flrst and third Wednesdays* at 2:80
.m. Second and foarth Wednesdays at
l;30 p.m. Executive board meets every
"nesday at 8 p.m. President, W- A. Colmar -
insiness agent, A. Graham.   Phone Seymour
I OF CANADA—An Industrial union of aU
rorkera ln logging and construction camps.
'east District and General Headquartera, 61
'p.'ijflva Street West, Vancouver, B. 0.
hone Seymour 7856. J. M. Clarke, general
- cretary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs.
ird, Macdonald ft Co., Vanconver, B. 0.;
jiditors, Messrs. Buttar k Chiene, Vancou*
er, B. 0.	
LAOHINISTS LOCAL 182—President, Lee
George; seoretary, J. G, **--*-- ■*•--'-—.
gent,  P.  R.  Bengough.
Keefe;  business
,*_..,   -.   ...   . ,_..    Office:   809,   819
'ender Street West.    Meets in Room 818—
19 Pender Streot West, on firat and third
hnradays in month.	
AOHINIBTS LOOAL 693—President, Ed,
Dawson; seeretary, R. Hint; business
.ent, P. R. Bengough. Offlee: 309—319
'ender Street West. Meets In Room 3—
19 Pender Street West, on second and 4th
lesdays in month. .	
I UNION, Looal 146, A. F. of M.—Meets at
hoosa Hall, Homer Street, seoond Sanday,
i 19 a.m.   President, Ernest 0. Miller. 991
Ielson Street; secretary, Edward Jamieson,
il Nelson Street; financial secretary, W. E.
/(litems, 991 Nelson Street; organiser, F.
letoher, 991 Nelaon Street. 
ROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECORATORS and Paperhangers ot America, Local
18, Vanoouver—Melts 2nd and 4th Thnrs-
_ya at 148 Oordova Street West. Phone,
, 8610.   Bnsiness agent, R. A, Raker.
■.Dock Builders, Looal No. 2404—Meets '
112 Hastings Street West every Friday, at
1* m. Jas> Thompson, flnanclal secretary.
■ Cordova Bt. West, P. 0. Bw S71, Ph*o
■- flfAt.     MMtinH every Monday at 7::
Week-end Specials
.1123 Hastings St. E.—Sey. 8262
1191 GranvUle St. — Sey. 6149
830 Granville Street—Sey. 866
3260 Mnln Street Fair. 1683
Slater's Famed Alberta Creamery Butter; Bold regularly $1.25.
Friday .and Satur- d*1 f\(\
day, 3 ms. for «P 1 • VU
. 8708. Meetings every Monday
, J. Pearson, business agent.
T 0.—Meeting nights, first Tuesday and Srd
Mday of eaeh month at headquarters, 318
Jordova Street West. President, D. Gllles*
tie; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary*
Beasurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 816 Cor
Kova Street Went. Branch agent's address:
V-  Worrall,   576  Johnson  Street,  Victoria,
loyoes, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway,
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
-   «_.__   »t-,t,,h .nH Kintaway. 1st and
n.   Pre-
(iiaeni, e. a. •__».,._,  _ Drive;
■ecording secretary, A. V. Lofting; treasurer,
.. F. Andrew; financial seoretary and bust-
less agent, W. H. Cottrell, 166—17th Ave.
Vest. Office, corner Prior and Main Streets.
'hone, Fairmont 4504Y. 	
America,   Looal  No.   178-
-Meetings held
Ji-,r_irond»,"i"n"Uoh" month «I p.m. Pml-
tm. A. »,»*UT_&?'
Finest Canadian Cheese,  lb 28c
Finest Peanut Butter,  lb ...20c
Slater's Famed Sugar-Cured
Smoked Picnic Hams, on aale
Friday and Saturday | £1 .
special, lb  tvJv
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon;
per tb. ...- .....40c
Slater's Sliced Smoked Roll Bacon; per Ib - 266
8Iater:a   Sliced  Ayrshire   Bacon;
per ft - 80c
B. C. Fresh Eggs; 2       Cttge
dozen* for    UW--W
enable the city bourgeoisie to gain an j
absolute supremacy over the factors
of the other economic strata. Thus it
happened that Italy was^uled by
groups of various economic tendencies,
representing for the most part narrow
local and clientele Interests, Thia
economic backwardness corresponded
in home politics to a regional disunity,
in foreign polities to the lack of a definite policy. -. .^
These premises explain the circumstance that anti-proletarian reaction
did not polarize in a definite and economically determined class of society,
but that those elements which were
originally regarded by the anti-proletarian offensive as tools, and were supported as such, assumed political independence, and raised themselves to
masters of the situation. To the socially differentiated elements of which
Fascism is composed . correspond Its
ideology and its programmatic pr.inci
pies. From the very beginning Fascism Inscribed on Its banners: War to
class war and never wearied of explaining that it did not combat the
working class, but merely the "historically obsolete idealogy" of the
inherent incompatibility of class interests. The harmony of the classes
ln mutual "national" Interests ls the
pivot upon which the whole programmatic apparatus of Fascism turns. So
far there is nothing original in thts.
All petty bourgeois parties do homage to the same idea. But while these.)
imagine that harmony among the
classes is to be reached along democratic lines, Fascism chooses the path
of dictatorship and absolutism. A
sort of enlightened absolutism, in the
middle of the 20th century.
In the sphere of economics Fascism
represents the principles of liberalism.
It denies to the state all capability of
creating or leading economic organisms, and, ns a result of this principlo, Mussolini's government Is energetically at work handing over to private capital a number of undertakings
of public utility, such as railways, telegraph, telephone, etc. As for^e antagonism between the Interests of employers and employed, necessarily resulting In the clasa struggle, this Fascism thinks to smooth out by uniting
the organizations of workers and employers, in the Fascist corporations,
and determining the working conditions on dictatorial lines. This principle, which asserted* Itself in one of
the last sessions of the "Great CouncU" of Fascism (the actual government), aroused a certain degree of opposition from the employers' organizations, represented in the "Great
Council" by'their spokesman Corglnl.
Up to now the Fascist corporations
have comprised organizations of the
employed only, whilst the employers'
organizations are completely independent. With the introduction of this
novel monopoly of organization Fascism deals a heavy blow to the theory
of non-intervention of the State in the
economic mechanism. To be sure,
Mussolini and the other great chieftains of Fascism have hastened to
pacify the employers,  and to assure
State Law Is Violated in thc
Greater Interests
of Profit
ment of Italy was still too slight to ,| Indignation  of the  Fascist  press  by
its oppositional attitude. The Corriere,
like the press by its oppositional newspapers (Mondo, Stampa), do not forget to emphasize their appreciation of
the services rendered by Fascism as
'anti-Bolshevist" reaction, but still do
not omit to express their fear that the
present regime will come to a bad end
some day, and that then their own
hour will have come. Fascism haB
taught the- proletariat a great deal.
Therefore it Ib certainly more advisable to return to the old and tried
system 'of political liberalism! But
what causes most anxiety to the far-
seeing bourgeois politician is the endeavor of Faaclsin to absorb all parties related to It In character (this haa
already happened in the case of the
Nationalists), and slowly to disintegrate and demolish all the remaining
bourgeois anq^ petty bourgeois parties
still possessing a certain amount of
influence in the country, such as the
Popolari (Catholic People's party).
This polarization of all bourgeois and
petty bourgeois forces would certainly
be a source of strength for the time
being. But on the day on which Fascism falls there would be no other
bourgeois party to replace It, and the
power would fall automatically Into
the hands of the proletariat, From
our point of view, it is therefore desirable that Fascism succeed in its
present enterprise. For us Italian
Communists the necessity arises to
keep the numbers an'd quality of our
party organizations as intact and active as possible, so that on the day on
which the funeral bell tolls for Fascism, the Italian proletariat may possess a vanguard ready to guide lt with
a sure hand to victory.
"Heart of Law" Is Cut Out
With the Connivance
of Employers *
Bulletin No..20 of the United States
Women's Bureau, gives the resultB of
study of the hours, wages and work*
ing conditions of women industrially
employed In Arkansas. The industries
surveyed covered a wide field from
printing and publishing, mercantile establishments, laundries, telephone operating, women in hotels and restaurants.
There is a law In Arkansas which
sets a maximum of 9 hours per day,
and 54 hour:, per week ln specified industries, but "exempts cotton factories
fronf this restriction, and allows the
Industrial commission to grant special
exemptions in the case of certain Industries when convinced that a strict
enforcement of the prescribed hours
would work serious harm."—Monthly.
We would be inclined to doubt the
efficacy of a law with so much "heart
tn it." The facts bear us out. Five
per cent, of the women in the industries covered by the survey, are working more than 54 hours a week, mostly
in the miscellaneous manufacturing
industries, where In one establishment
| women are, working 10 and 11 hours a
day, and tn another a straight ii;
hour day.r in the hotels and restaurants, women are working a seven-day
week, and from 5 to 12, and over,
hours a day. There are women working 16 hours from the beginning to
the close of work day. It Is interesting that the workers 'coming under
this survey weie almost entirely native-born Americans; 22 per cent,
were less than 20 years old. The foots
speak for themselves.
. v	
except contract lines.
Hudson's Bay Company
on a special train shortly before noon.
All  tho [permanent  fo^ce  of  the
Royal,Canadian Regiment and.Royal]
Canadian Dragoons stationed at Stan,
ley Barracks, are In the party.
Swllt's Pore Lsrdi 2 fts. (or Sjf
Finest Beef Dripping; 8 lbs 260
Slater's  Breakfast Streaky  Bacon, half or whole
slabs; per lb r.	
.      .   A.   ft.
polk; recording secretary, „, 	
, Box 503; financial secretary, P. McNeiih,
-. 0. Box 60B. _^
viet Rnailft—Vancouvor branch meets first
,nd third Sundays eaoh month, 2 p.m., at Al
.ordova Street West. For Information write
9 branch secretary, 8. T. A, S. R„ 61 Cor-
ova Street West, Vancouvor, B. 0.
dent, R. P, Pettijiiece; vlco-prcsident
I, Bryan; secretary*treasurer, R. H. Neo*
mils, P. 0. Box 66. Moots last Sunday of
ni.li month at 2 p.m. In Labor Hall, 319
'onder Street Weat	
t ATION—Meeta at 091 NeU-jn Htreet, at 11
li.m. on the Tuesday preceding the 1st Sun-
Hay of the month. President, E, A. Jamie*
hon, 991 Nolson St.; Becretary, 0. II. Wll*
Jnins,  991 NoUon Bt ;  Business Agent,   F.
Matcher, 991 Nelson Pt.	
j   UNION,  No.  413—President,^.  D. Mac-
■donald.  aecretary-treaaurer,  J.  Ifl, "-—*-"
■p, 0. Box 689,    "-*- *"• ""**
I month.
Fresh Meat Specials
Slater'a Famous Pork Shoulders, average 4 to   | (■ 1 —
8 lbs; special, Ib....i«#2V
Legs oE Prime Veal 25c
Choice Meaty CutB of Veal....20c
Prlme Veal Stew; 3 lbs. for..25c
Choice Pot Roasts, from, lb  8c
Choice Oven Roaata from, tb. 10c
Choice Rolled Roasts from, tb. 16c
Boneless Steir Beef, 8 tba. for SOe
Choice Boiling Beet from, tb-* Be
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Fedorationist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by the management.]
A Letter of Appreciation
Editor B. C. Federationist—Sir: The
concert held by the Friends of Soviet
Russia committee in the \V. P. Hall,
on June 29, was a great success ln
every way. Owing to the work of all
who gave their services by rendering
songs, recitations and dances, etc,
The committee wishes to convey
their thanks to all the friends who
helped in any way, through this medium, the orphans' homes of Russia
will receive between MO and 950.
P. FLOYD, Secretary.
Annapolis, Md.—Tlie legislative conference of the Maryland League of
Women Voters has declared for Cossacks "to preserve order In any i>art
of the State." The women" asked that
the present state road police have
their jurisdiction extended throughout
the state.
The women's request is identical to
similar requests from other quarters,
and verifies the claim made by trade
unionists when the State road polifp
waa established. At that time workers wore assured that the police would
be used for tHe sole purpose of arresting speeders.
In Divorce and Matrimonial Causes 0. .108*23
'      and
To: Harold Hugh Chipperfleld, late of 975
Hornby Street, and of the Hotel Vanconver, Oeorgia Street West, both in the
City of Vancouver, province ot British
Columbia. '
TAKE NOTICE that a Citation lias been
issued in this Court citing you to appear
and answer the Petition of Florence Chipperfleld of 3870 16th Avenue West, In the
Municipality of Point Groy, County of Vancouver, in the aaid Province of British Columbia, praying for a dissolution ot marriage,
In defaulb of your bo appearing you will not
be allowed to address the Court and tho
Court will proceed to hear tho said Petition
proved and pronounce sentenco in respect
thereto. And Take Further Notice that for
the purpoae aforesaid, within ope month
after the date of thiB publication an appearance must bo entered at the Registry Offlce
of'the Supreme Court of British Columbia,
at Vancouver, B. C.
(Signed)  W, A. MACDONALD, J.
Israel I. Rubinowitz, Solicitor for Petitioner,
Vancouver, B. C.
Minimum Wage Board
Re Order  Governing Wagea and Working
Conditions  In   the   Manufacturing
NOTICE Is hereby given tbat pufiuant to
the provisions of tbe "Minimum Wage
Act," a public meeting will bs held at tha
Court House, Vancouver, on Tuesday, tha
17th of July, 1S28, at 10 a.m., and following days, if necessary, for the purpose ol
hearing any person interested Id Ihe reconsideration of the Order of the Board govern*
ing wages, houra of labour and general eon*
ditions now in offect in the Manufacturing
Industry, which includes tbe work of fo*
males engaged In the making, preparing, altering, repairing, ornamenting, printing,
finishing, packing, assembling the parts or,
and adapting for use or sale any article or
commodity, but excepting flsh, fruit, and
vegetable drying, canning, preserving, ftr
A cordial invitation to be present Is ex*
tended to all those who desire to be heard
on tbe abovo question before any change
ia made la the existing order.
Victoria, B.C., June 26th,  1923.
Government May
Withdraw Troops
(Continued from Page 1)	
cates the power of the employers when
they need the powers of state:
Toronto—Bound for Sydney, N. S.,
to assist In stirring up strife and disorder and to Intimidate the struggling
workers of the British Empire Steel
Corporation, where a serious strike Is
in progress, a special train, with 208
men and 199 officers of the Royal
Canadian Regiment and Royal Canadian Dragoons, left the Union Station
at noon on Saturday. The party included 108 men and nine officers of
the R.'c. R. who arrived from London
Why Let George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. He la doing the best he
can. Why complain because Qeorge
does lt.    Why not do it yourself?
Patronize Federatloniat advertiser!
and tell them why you do ao.
Swift's Pure Lard; 3 lbs. for 50c
Choice selection of Legs, Loins and
Hhotilders of Local Killed Lamb
and Mutton.
Kellogg's Bran Plakoa, pkt. ISc
Standard Cbrn,  2  for 250
Finest Tomatoes. 2 tins for....25c
.-•._.___.•», J- M- .Campbell,
Meets last Tharsdar of each
| Largo
Tins of Tomatoes...... 15c
Large bottles of Vinegar, special
at  .'. Me
Toilet Pnper:  6 for 25c
Sardines, 4 for  25c
Red Salmon at 15c
Potted Tongue, 3 for 25c
Sweet Pickles, per bottlo 30c
At Slater's Stores
ANOTHER    man   working   In   the
woods has paid the price for speed-
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or
$2.00 per week.'
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
ing up. Hans Olson, employed by the
Hage Timber and Investment Co., at
Coquitlam, was killed on July 9, by a
flying root from a blast. Olson, after
lighting the fuse, took shelter behind
a nearby tree, when the blast went off,
a flying root struck another tree Immediately behind where the unfortunate man was standing, and rebounding, struck him on the head, death being Instantaneous. •»
During the past few months this
company has been endeavoring by
evory moans at Hs disposal to Induce
their employees to speed up. They
hnve dangled baits of banquets, etc.,
before the eyes of their unsuspecting
victims, and tolling them how the
company would reward thom If they
put lu so many million feet of logs
within a specified time, thnt time always being of short duration to on-
able the company to mnke about 100
per cent, profit. The death of thU
man is the actual reward that the men
working,in the camps receivo for their
Tbere is not the slightest doubt bnt
thut this accidont rould havo bcen
avoided; ..either h there any doubt
that this mun full a victim of the
speeding up mania started by thc
camp owners. In the woods It is a
simple matter to get out of reach of
•fdungt.r when stumps are being blasted, but that means losing about two
minutes of thc company's valuable
time, and about another two inches of
But then what care the lumber
companies whether a few men get killed? They are not in business for the i
purpose of protecting human life, but
for the purpose of making profits. If
a few men get kilted while they are
garnering their golden harvest, It
matters not to them. Most loggers,
being unmarried nnd without dependents they do not even have to pay
for compensation beyond funeral expenses, and nil the other few minutes
that are saved here nnd there will
make up for that.
■And so the merry gnme will continue. The workers in the lumber industry will continue to be killed and
mutilated; blacklisted, and , chased
over the country; exploited to the
limit of human endurance In thc sum
mor, starved through unemployment
in winter, and forced to spend thcir
lives In unsunilnry and overcrowded
bunkhoiiHos until such lime as they
soo flt to make a determined resistance against those who nre dally forcing thom deeper and deeper In the
mire of working ctasfl degradation.
Today It is criminal for men to try
and propagate the Ideu that IT these
workers are treated still wursc they
will rebel. Tho truth Ih IT they do not
robot shortly, thoy will be so ground
down that they will not have the sta-
mlnu to resist their ruthless, oppressors.
Best $2.50
OUB _0_E_1T_FI0
Glasses not presoribed unless sb*
loloteljr „«cess_r*. Ex_mtn_tloM
msde br graduate Eyesight Specialists. Satisfaction gtiaranteod.
Wt grind oar owa lenses. Louses
dupUcst.d br null.
Brown Optical
Be   sure   ot   tho   address—Above
Woolworth's Store, near
Suite 36, Darts Chambers.
Phont Sir. IO"
After-Eating   Distress
And all forms of stomach trouble, such as
gas, pains, acid, sour, burning stomach are
all relieved ln two minutes by taking
Jo-To sold by kit Drnggista.
Five-sixths of the timbered area of B.c C.
belongs to the People.
Each year, it is increasing in value as the
more accessible timber is cut.
In 1922 there was received from the sale
of such timber the sum of $620,000.
This helped to keep your taxes down, and
to build up the Province.
Green Timber is British Columbia's assurance of Perpetual Prosperity.
VV/E ARE very careful in the selection of materials used in the manufacture of BRITANNIA
" BEER, and also as regards its manufacture. Every part of the Westminster Brewery is
kept spick-and-span, and each department has at it; head a thoroughly qualified manager,
who in turn employs only experienced labor, therefore, you are assured of Beer that as regards purity, quality and flavor, Can't Be Beat.
BRITANNIA BEER is sold by all Government Vendors.
Finest Pure Wool
English Blue Serge
■THESE SUITS are made up
■*■ from a heavy pure wool Bngllsh botany serge that we import direct from the mills in the
Old Country, and tailor ourselves into the very latest and
conservative models. All styles .
and all sizes always ln stock.
Positively guaranteed fast color
and fade proof for a period of
one year.
45-49 Hastings St., East
Manufacturer's Sale of
Refrigerator Cabinets
These combined Refrigerators tnd
Kitchen Cabinets are left on oar hands
and will bo cleared at a great sacrifice.
Ther combine the advantages of Kitchen
Cabinet and Ice Box, and have the following conveniences: Metal Hoar bin, metal-
lined bread drawer, utensil and cutlery
drawers, sliding curtain doors, white porcelain enamel baking board 48 tn, by 27
in., large centre iee compartment and two
food compartments.
Housewives and those intending to
build should see theae Cabinets, as they
will be cleared at little more than the
price of an ordinary kitchen cabinet.
These Cabinets are equipped witb rustless hardware and glass drawer and door
Robertson & Hackett'
Sash and Door Co.
North End Granville Street Bridge
Patronize Federatloniat advertiser!.
Hastings Park
Further Information Apply
Phone Sey. 2399
346 Hastlngi .Street East
Seven Running
Races Daily
Rain or Shine
A Union Is What You Make It
Some men imagine that a union
cornea out of the sky, and that it Ib
made to order. This is a fallacy
which only active participation in
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, instead of a
Always look up The Fed. advertisers
before making purchases.
Every Mon., WML and Sat. Evenlngi
lot HORNBY BT. Opp. Owl Holt.
Mon., Sat.
Mon., Wed., Sat.
Wed., Sat.
ANYOX    .
Wed.., June 6th, 8:00 p.m.
and Fortnightly thereafter.
Tourist and Travel Bureau
527 Granville Street
New Outlook Is Taken in
Connection with
Defiinte Advances Are Made
to the City Workers
, By Farmers
[By H. W.*Bartholomew]
Saskatoon, Saak.—The annual convention of the Farmera Union of Canada met in this city this week, 100
delegates attending. Important decisions were arrived at by the convention, which may mark a turning point
in the history of farmer and Labor organizations in Canada.
Fac* to face with mountain! of dobt
the helpless victims of greedy monopoly, the farmers have decided to
form a wheat pool and plans were laid
to put this into effect this year. It
was pointed out that such a system of
marketing the enormous crop of this
year would mean anything from 20 to
50 cents a bushel more for thc farmers. It was also pointed out that If
the present syBtem of marketing continues,' that the greater part of the
farmers in Western Canada would be
completely bankrupt, with untold
mjsery and destitution resulting.
The most significant result of the
convention was the attitude towards
organized labor. In the past, the farmers have looked with suspicion and
distrust upon the industrial workera In
the city. But the convention, in no
uncertain manner, made itB position
clear on this matter. Disgusted by
the trickery of the politicians of all
parties, the farmers made definite approaches to organized labor. A com-
mittee was appointed to confer with
delegates of the Saskatoon Trades and
Labor Council asking for the support
of the trade unions and seeking the
calling of a national convention, at
which farmer and Labor organizations
could be represented. At such a convention plans could be laid for concerted action oh a common platform.
There is no mistaking the determination of the farmers. They are profiting by tho bitter experiences of the
past, and are looking to the organized
workors of the cities for assistance in
a common struggle for better condl*
tions. The first step, In the opinion of
the farmers, is the estabiahment of a
wheat pool on a contract basis and
ffley are asking the support of all La
bor organizations in this initial task.
Resolutions were passed demanding
local arbitration boards for the fund
ing of debts, condemning the shipping
combine, demanding the co-operation
of Labor papers ln the publication of
authentic news concerning farming
conditions In Canada so as to prevent
undue Immigration.
FRIDAY .'...July 13, 18.
Leap the Dips
Old Mill
Every afternoon and evening.
Adults 10c;   Children 6c
Wednesdays and Saturdays
9 ii.ni. to 12 p.m.
Finest  pavilion   on   tho  Pacific
Tnkt>  l_m-.lini.-a East, car, No. 8,
or Powell St-  car,  No.  12, to the
Light  refreshments  at  pavilion.
This advertisement is net published or displayed by the Liquor Control Board or by
the Government of British Columbia.
Workers Are Victimized Because of Their Union
Charleston, W. Pa.—Don Chafin,
sheriff of Logan County, and chief of
the coal miners' gun men iii that sec
tton, has such power that he can compel the discharge of a worker who offends him.
The "Americanism" that exists in
Logan County is Indicated by this story
published In the Charleston Mall:
"W. P. Blankenship of Logan called
at the offlce of Attorney General England and reported that he had just
been banished from Logan County because ho had been 'upholding the
rights of free speech.'
"He said he had been employed hy
tho Kentucky and West Virginia power company up to last Friday, when
he was discharged. The company, he
said, explained to him that though his
work had been satisfactory, Sheriff
Don Chafin had notified them to discharge him. He said he left Logan
with his wife and'child at 3 am, Saturday, because he was afraid to leavo
ln daylight,
"He" reported that another employee
of the power company, an electrician
named E. B. Ebersole, was whipped
by Sheriff Chapin and Deputy Sheriff
Lewis Chafin last week because he
'had said something against the sheriff."
Jim Cannon Rouses
Vancouver Workers
 (Continued from page 1)
The efforts of Soviet Russia, said
the speaker, were priceless to the proletarian revolutionary movement, for
the Russian workers have done what
had never been done before—they
control the government, and the State
controls Industry, nnd while private
enterprise Is allowed to exist alongside
of State industry, the benefits of the
new policy had been seen In 1923,
when It was found that under this
policy, the Russian people were able
to raise 75 per cent, of the pre-war
crops. V
Thc Communists
The Russian Communists were next
referred to, and the part they play in
the reconstruction of Soviet Russia.
The speaker stated that they have
shown to the world, that they have
been able to do that which was con*
sidered impossible, and are now behind the new economic policy, as well
aB the driving force within the Red
Army. This Communist Party, is a
party which says "you must," and had
brought about an. increase of 100 per
cent. In general production.
Wages are also increased in ratio to
the (production of the country, the
speaker pointed out, and while Germany is desperate and hopeless, the
Russian workers are gaining, and the
wages being raised In accord with the
increased productivity of the people,
while in European countries and America, the harder the workers work,
the sooner they are out of a job.
Capitalist Concessions
Referring to the concessions to the
capitalists, the speaker showed how
that the State employed 2,800,000
workers, while the capitalists only
employed 700,000, and that the State
controls all large scale industry, while
the government was in the hands of
the workers, and this was a mighty
good thing to control, as any capitalistic corporation would testify.
Practically all workers are organized, said the speaker, but on an Industrial basis. All workers In onc Industry belonging to one union, and
there Is no need for an amalgamation
movement In Russia today. The right
to strike ts also maintained, but It Is
only as a last resort, and strikes are
practically unknown, because there is
a dictatorship of the workers, and the
government reports to the workers,
while the government of the United
States reports to the bankers,
A New Factor
The Red Army was depicted as being a new factor in the International
situation, and one which had to be
considered by European statesmen,
for the diplomats can not plan another War without asking, what is the
Red Army going to do? The constructive nature of the Red Army was
also dealt with, and its educational
features pointed out, and while it wns
a Russian army composed of Russians, it was an international army of
the proletariat, and the Communists-
were propagating the real International spirit in tho ranks of the workers'
nrmy, and today in Russia, the Internationale Is the only national hymn
known, the Red Army being composed of soldiers of the world's proletariat, and when needed, will aid the
workers of the world in their revolutionary efforts.
In conclusion, the speaker stated
that Trotsky had atated that the best
way for the workers of other countries to aid Russia, was for them to
organize a better Labor movement,
and once Russia gets the support of
the world's workers, she will not need
the aid of the capitalists. At the conclusion of the speaker's address, the
audience showed its appreciation by
loud and continued aipplause, and as
already pointed out, by a ready response to the appeal for the collection.
A Union Ia What You Make It
Some men Imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that lt Is
made .to order. This is a fallacy
which only active participation in
unton affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, Instead of a
Shorter Work Day Proven
to Bring Greater
Steel King's Contention Disproved by Independent
[By Jay Lovestone]
Andrew Carnegie once said: "There
are more wayB of figuring cost than
there are of killing a cat. It is simply a matter of bookkeeping." Apparently this was the principle by
which the American Iron and Steel
Institute was guided when It reported
that the abolition of the 12-hour shift
"would increase the cost of production
on the average about 15 per cent."
The history of the notorious-Steel
Trust is replete with exploitation and
theft of the vilest order. An examination of the Steel Shylocks' financial
juggling and manipulations reveals
that in Gary's statistics and figures He.
Unbiased authoritative investigators
have proven and proven beyond a
doubt, that the steel masters' contention as to the eight-hour-day entailing
an increase of 15 per cent, in the cost
of production, is simply another case
of the Steel Trust stretching: the truth
to death.
Experts Show Tfiat Two-shift System
Is More Economical
In the investigation of the Federated American Engineering Societies, on
the ."Twelve-Hour Shift in Industry,"
we find overwhelming proof to shatter
the case of King Steel against the 13-
hour day. Says the report: "Robert
A. Bull, in a paper before the American Foundrymen's Association, published the results of a change from
two shifts on the Open-hearth furnaces of the Commonwealth Steel Co.
'which,' he says, 'indicates fully a
more economical and efficient manipulation of both Open-hearth and boiler
furnaces'." Major Bull is an acknowledged expert and authority on Opeii-
hearth steel manufacture; twice president of the American Foundrymen's
Association he has been instrumental in changing other plants from two
to three shifts, even in the centre df
America's competitive steel industry,
the Pittsburg district He is still of
the opinion that the savings in cost of
operation, quality of product and uni-
fomity of operation and output, fully
compensate for the expense of working the "continuous operation," laborera on three shifts instead of two
Enumerating the advantages of tho
eight-hoTlr-day, which more than compensate for whatever apparent increase thare might be in the cost nf
production, the engineers say:
"Increased efficiency, due In part to
better physical and mental conditions
of the men, and in part (after the Industry has been working the shorter
hours for several months or years) to
a better class of men attracted by -better working conditions. This increased efficiency has manifested itself In
increased production per man per
hour and per machine per day, thus
decreasing overhead expense. It has
also appeared In better conduct of the
operations, greater uniformity and regularity of operation and of quality of
product, less fuel used, less waste, less
need of repairs to equipment, better
life of apparatus, etc.
"Aa a matter of actual experience,
it is known that some plants, or departments of plants, have changed
from the 12-hour to the 8-hour shift
with satisfaction to their management
and stockholders. Others-have changed and reduced their total manufacturing cost. Finally, there are other
plants which have had experience with
the* 8-hour shift, the exact economic
result of which lB not known, but as to
which there seems to be reason to believe that the total manufacturing cost
is at most, not much greater with the
8-hour than with the 12-hour shift.
"In this connection, It Is permissible
to quote the management of* the Ford
Co,, and. say that although the blast
furnace operates on thc basis of eight
Save Money
Men's and Boys' Tan Muleskin
Boots, elk sole.. ..»__>- and $3.35
Men's Black Lace Boots, 6 to
10; reg. »...-. Saturday....«3.50
Men's Oxfords, In dark tan, recede  toe.    Special $5.50
Engineers' Caps 25c, 35c SOc
Men's   Blue   Chambray   Shirts,
14% to 17, at    80c
'Men's Khaki Combination Overalls   at  $2.»5
Children's Wash Hats, to $1.00;
to clear     4»c
Some others at     25c
Arthur Frith&Co.
Men's and Boyi' Furnisb.
ingg, Hats, Boots and Shoes
(Between 7th ud Itk Annul
Phone, Fairmont 4850
Patronize Federationlit advertisers.
Disappear:,  a* K  by  magic  when
ii used. Gai pains, Add Homadi. lour
stomach, burning ini sll after* eating dls-
treat  relieved In two minute*.     All    Drug
hours per day, and 48 hours per week
per man, and labor is paid 75c and
upwards per hour, as compared with
27 and 30 cents per hour and upwards
at other plants visited, nevertheless
they make pig Iron cheaper than they
can buy it. They attribute this to
greater efficiency of labor and of operation."
And in his recent letter to the Federated Council of Churches, Mr. J. «f\
Welborn, president of the Colorado
Fuel and Iron Company, thus clinches
this point against Gary's committee:
"The change, as you know, was
made Nov. 1, 1918, the hourly tonnage
and piece rate being increased ten per
cent, when the working shift was* reduced from 12 to 8 hours. Our rates
prior to Nov. 1, 1918, had always been
on the same basis as the steel Industry
generally paid in the Bast.
''The immediate results from thc
standpoint of produotlon per man per
hour and of labor cost per unit of output were satisfactory, and where conditions have been comparable, it has
been evident that we have lost nothing either ln -producing cost or output
by reason of the change.
"At blast fumacea the labor cost
per ton immediately following the introduction of the 8-hour day with the
Increase of ten per cent, in wage rates
increased slightly over one per cent-
above former costs. At Open-hearth
furnaces it Increased \y_ per cent.,
while at our rolling mills there was a
substantial reduction in the labor cost
per ton."
Right after the great steel atrike of
1919, twenty plants introduced the
three-shift syBtem. Speaking on the
results of this change, Prof. Drur said
in an address before a joint meeting
of the Taylor Society and other sclentl.
lie bodies In December 3, 1920:
"Taking it all ln all, the manufacturers now operating on the shorter
day are practically a unit in saying
that it means more satisfactory operations, and ls better business. The experience of these twenty plants has
revealed no real obstacles to putting
the steel industry on a three-shift day.
... If all the departments were to
be changed from two to three shifts,
the increase In total cost for the finished rail, bar or sheet, could not, on the
average, be more than 3 per cent. But-
thc Increase need not be nearly so
The technical why and wherefore of
the falsity of the position taken by
Gary's committee is brought home in
the Investigation made for the United
StateB government by such noted experts as Josephine Goldmark and
Mary D. Hopkins. In Public Health
Bulletin No: 106, a study of tho relative efficiency of plants operating on
an eight-hour and ten-hour'basis, -we
flnd the following terrific blast at the
"science" of the American Iron and
Steel Institute:
"The contrast between the two
plants Is shown most strikingly in the
figures for the final hour given in the
right-hand columns. At the eight-
hour plant, 80 per cent, of average
power was maintained until 6 minutes
on the average before the close of
work; at the 10-hour plant, more than
21,6 before the close of work, the percentage of average power had dropped below 90. In other words, work
continued at the eight-hour plant
practically under full power until 6
minutes before the end of the shift; at
thn other factory power began to decline three and a half time as long be-
fore closing time—at exactly 5:30 p.
m., when the investigators began
afternoon readings, only 87 per cent.
of average power was in use in the entire building."
Why Let George Po It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. He is doing the best he
can. Why complain because George
does it.    Why not do it yourself?
You may wish to help The Federatlonist. You can do se by renewing
your subscription promptly and sending In the subscription of your friend
or neighbor.
Our reputation for giving
good value in Shirts is growing by leaps and bounds. On
every hand you'll hear the
statement, "If you want
Shirts, go to Brace's."
Big selection, at all prices
—and every Shirt a good
$1.95 $2.45
Cor. Homer and Hastings
Patronize Federationist advertiser!
At  Less   Than   Half-Price
** Educational Books. If what
you want fs not in this list, we
will get It for you. Books mailed
to any address on receipt of
208. The  Evolution  of  Man,  by
Haeckel,  2  vols 11.00
165. World   Relations   •*_   ,80
Nineteenth Century Prose
and Poetry, Gunllffe, 2 vole.
In one  78
Experiences   In   Self-Heal-
Ing,  Elizabeth Tovne   36
Educational   Reformers,   by
Quick     „.-. 80
Elementary Treatise on
Physics, Experimental and
Applied  1.80
204. Browning's    Complete
Works    2.60
Sheliy's    Complete   Works,
2 vols  1.60
Shakespeare's Complete
Works,   4  vols  2.00
.Byron's   Complete Works.. 1.00
Robert  Burns'  Works  1.00
Natural Taxation, by Shert-
man   1.00
How   to   Koop   Pit 60
Ui. Back   to the  Republic, by
Atwood    88   '
Lectures   and   Essays,  by
Huxley    76
The Making of the World,     *,   -
by Meyer % \
278. Publio   Men  and   Life In
Canada, Young   1.00
278S Yens Avenue, Jubilee, B. C.
Fresh Cue flowen, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East        2—STORES—2        855 Granville Street
Buy. »8S-ff78 "SAT IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. -..13-13.1
Fourteen Passenger nnd Freight, steamers at your service.
Calling at all Northern B. C. Const Points, Lumber and Mining Camps,!
Canneries and Pulp nml Pnper Mills,
For further particulars apply:
Phone Sey. SOO   -
Give Your Boys and Girls an Outing at
(VU North Vancourer Oity Fwries)
where they can have the most fun under Ideal conditions.
Is operating a convenient train Bervice to thts children's playground.
ADULTS    -    •    ■    70^     CHILDREN    .    ■
(Good day ot l.-i.e oaly)
Tbs train schedule ttt Sundays and Holidays is as follows: Leave Morth Vanconver
far all feists ta Whyteeliff for Horseshoe lay. 1:10 ».__, ud then 10 annates Baal i
eseh hour till 1:30 p.m.   Leave WtytedU! for all points to North Vancouver Jt
minutes fast each hour from t:lt a-m. Ull 9:25 p.m.
Purchase tickets at 122 Haatinga Street West, or Ferry Wharf, foot of
Colombia Avenue.
Tine Table, and information may  be obtained at Passenger Department,  122
Hestlngs Street West, Sey. 9881, and P. G. E. Depot, North Vancouver
Phoue North Ven. 900.


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