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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 22, 1918

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Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITT: BTBENOTH
TENTH YEAR.   No. 47
TEN PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPBE: VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB OOUN1SL, AND B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 22, 1918
POLITICAL ONITTs  VIOTOBT
(la Vumnr\
Olty. IJ.00 /
$1.50 PER YEAS
£
STILL IN FORCE
Central Body Deals With
Many Questions of
Moment
Objects to Intervention of
Allies in Russian
Situation
The chief subjects undor discussion
at last night's meeting of tho Ti
and Labor Council were the consort
tho Bussian situation and the Launt
Workers' striko, the council going ii
executivo session at 10.45 to disci
the laundry workers' situation.
Censorship
The question of the censorship w;
introduced by Delegate Kavanagh, b;
the introduction of tho following resolution:
"Whereas eortain scientific literary1
works, o.g., Lewis H. Morgun's Ancient
Socioty, Marx Capital, etc., etc., aro absolutely necessary as educational factors in the causo of Labor, and whoro-
as such works are - alone publishod on
the North American continent by Chas.
H. Kerr & Co., and wheroaB an order
under the censorship dated September
30, 1918, was -issued forbidding possession by anyone in Canada of any
of Kerr's publications, and whereas
such order is not only injurious to
Labor's position, but a positive and direct attack upon freedom of pross, of
opinion, etc.; therefore be it resolved
that tho Vancouver Trados and
Labor Council, resents such order, and
will use ovory available weapon
against it."
In introducing tho resolution, Del.
Kavanagh referred to the press statements that had been made as tu the
intendod maBBacre of tho bourgcoiso
in Russia on tho llth of November, and
stated that after peace wus declared un
that day tbo pross had forgot all about
it, and to the talk aftor poaoo had
boon declared of the reds being in control in Gormany. He also referred to
tho Russian situation, and statod that
nover was it moro necessary that Labor
should have access to workB such as
were banned, and to a freo press in
which tho truth was told. He referred
to the necessity of the workors understanding tho history of the humun raco
at this timo because of tho conditions
that faced them. Ho referred to tho
banning of tho Clarion, the Canadian
Forward, and to tho censorship of tho
Foderationist, und stating that it was
timo to inform tho government that if
wo had boen fighting for democracy in
Germany thut it was time we hud a
littlo of it at homo.
Del. Winch, who vacated the chair,
statod that tho censorship of the works
roferrod to was a fact, and to prove it
ho road tho censorship orders. Ho
further statod that in view of the fact
that a jail sentence wus the penalty, as
well as a fine, for being in possession
of the works iu question, that the con.
tractors would havo a good job building jails if thc ordor was carried out,
as many were already, and hud been,
in possession of tho works for a long
timo. He further statod that if tho
government desirod evolution, and not
what they culled revolution, that it
would be wiso in removing the restrictions. Del. Midgloy stated that if the
order was put Into effect a good many
dignitaries, such as the clergy and
judges, would have to go to jail, as
many of them had tho works in question in thoir possession. Del. McVety,
who supported the motion, stated that
Dol.' Kavanagh had statod that the governmont was afraid of rod; he rathor
thought that it was not afraid of rod,
but that it was seeing rod. Ho also
said that Das Capital, the work of
Marx, was not a German work, as was
evidently feared, but had become, like
Shakespeare's works, an international
work, and tho considered thnt if the
present order was allowed to stick,
without any protest, that tho workors
would be a long time getting the othor
orders removed. Del. Wells supported
the resolution, and stated thut there
was an hidden censorship going on
through the postal department, nnd
mail that wns not banned wns being
diverted from its proper destination,
Othor dolegates took part in thc discussion nnd the resolution was adopted
unanimously. Tt wns decided that
edpics of tho resolution should be sent
to tho government and to all the cen
tral bodies in the country.
Del. Phelps then moved that a ro
quest be mndo for the elimination of
tbo censorship altogether and at once,
This was also adopted.
Draper and Peace Conferonco
Del. Hardy moved that the actiun uf
President Moore nnd Secretary Draper
bo condemned for sending a representative with the Canadian govornment
to tho Old Country in un advisory capacity.
Del. Kavanagh moved us an amend-
lent that the British Trades Congress
be notified that Secretnry Draper did
not represent the Canadian movement,
but tho government of Canada.
Del. McVety movod, as an amendment to the motion of Del. Kavanagh,
after the chair had declared the motion of Dol. Hnrdy out of order, that
tho Trades Congress executive be notified that the council considered tbat
lho elected representatives of Congress
to nttond tho peaco conference be sent
.forthwith to the old land, und that if
P. M. Draper had credentials for the
International Labor peace conference
that they should be cancelled at once,
as the council was of the opinion that
he should not sit with the government
as an adviser, and at the some time
represent the Canadian movement at
the Labor conference. The amend-
mond was carried and the motion lost.
Russian Situation
Del. Alexander thon introduced the
following resolution:
"In conformity with Presidont Wilson 'k clearly expressed policy respecting solf-determinution of nations, and
No. (I of his 14 points, which demands
(Continued on pago 10)
Alderman    Kirk   Is    the
Chief Stumbling
Block
Tho laundry striko still continues.
Thursday morning an interview was
held with tho omployors, but no settlement was arrived at. Tho strikers are
standing pat, and now that the "flu"
ban is lifted the local unions will be
ablo to mako the financial ond of tho
strike sure. Alderman Kirk, who
would rathor bo known as tho chairman of tho finance committeo than as
a laundry proprietor, is the stumbling
block to tho settlement of this strike.
[That tho strikers realizo this thero can
'o no doubt, as thoy have shown to
ho public this weok that they givo
im full credit for his obstinacy. At
'io special mooting of the city council
dd on Tuesday afternoon to doal with
e Civic Employeos' wago scalo, some
thc laundry workors wore prosont.
icy wore sashes with tho following
'.nted on them "They aro trying to
ink our union." That Aid. Kirk
gnized that he was one of tho
jey" could bo readily seen, as that
_ ntloman was decidedly uncomfortable, and tried by various mothods to
got away from facing tho strikers. Ho
will, if nothing intervenes, have a good
many opportunities in tho near future
to seo that thc laundry workers know
who is the head of tho laundry situation. Our friend S. J. Crowe, who is
Kirk 's side kicker, is evidontly satisfied with the progress made, but tho
future will show that they have bit
off more than thoy can chow, lu the
meantime the girls aro cheerful and
full of 'light, and are not less enthusiastic than they were on the first day
of tho strike
Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen.
The Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen did not loso any time after tho
'fin ban was lifted in getting down
to business. This local met on Tuosday
evening nnd installed seventeen new
members. Like the Retail Clerks the
Butchers aro desirous of seeing the
hour of closing on Saturdays fixed ttt
0 p.m. and are goiug to endeavor to
havo the regulations that were in force
during tho 'flu epidemic continued.
The Butchors without dissent voted
for tho holding of the B. C. Federation
of Labor Confederation at Calgary, so
that a western conference can be held
at tho close of thc convontion.
Warehousemen
The regular mooting of tho Association will bo hold on Friday ovoning at
8 o'clock. A large attendance is requested.
MACHINISTS LADIES
WILL HOLD DANCE
Election of Officers of the
Ladies' Auxiliary at
Next Meeting
The membors of thc Machinists
radios' Auxiliary huve not been
spared in the recent epidemic in the
city, a great number being sick with
the "llu" or havo it in the home, but
wo are pleased to report thut things
look brighter all round and it is expected everything will be running in good
ordor from now on. Election of ollicers
will take place ut the next regular
moeting ou December 5 and all mombors are requested to attend if possible.
The whist drive and dance which wns
to havo taken placo on Saturday, November 30, has been postponed and will
take place on Saturday, December 7,
at 7.30 in the Labor Tomple. A good
timo is promised nnd a very largo
crowd expected.
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT
EMPLOYEES  MEET
Election of Officers and Initiation of
New Members at Next
Meeting
The Hotel nnd Restaurant Employees
held their regular meeting ou Wodnos-
duy night. There was a fair attend-
unco, although a largo number are still
on the sick list. A con.siderable amount
of business enme up tor discussion. Tito
Laundry Worker*' situation was dealt
with, and an assess nt of ill) cunts was
levied on the mombors to be donated to
the strike fund. On account of the in-
lluonza epidemic, the treasury is pretty
hard hit by the payment of .sick nnd
funeral benefits.
The proposal uf the B. C. Federation
of Labor to hold the next convention at
Calgary ,in order that u western conference may be held ut tin; close, was endorsed.
The dance, which wns postponed owing to the flu epidemic, will be held in
the Auditorium, on Wednesday, December 4, und it is'expected thut there will
be a large turn out. The next meoting
uf Ihe locul will bo held on Wedncsduy,
tho 27th, at which meeting the nomina.
tion of officers for the coming yeur will
be made, and a number of now members
are to be initiated. The hotel employees
are thunkful to organized labor for tho
assistance rendered in the light against
unfair houses. The following houses are
still on the unfair list: Mclntyre's
Cafe, McLeod's Cafe, Post Oflico Cafe
und Leonurd's,
PROSPECTS
IEK1DAY
E. T. Kingsley at the Rex
and J. S. Woodsworth
at the Broadway
None havo been more anxious for the
ban on public meetings to be lifted
than have the members of tho Feder-
atod Labor Party. The fact that tho
phrase, "It is Verboten" has become
a part of our everyday existence has
uot made the 'flu ban any easier to
boar. It is satisfactory, therefore, to
be able, to state thc the party will hold
forth at two points noxt Sunday evening. There will bc a similarity of
subjects at loast at both theatres.
Kingsley will start off with tho text,
"Now! Whatt" at tho Box, und at tho
Broadway Theatre, Woodsworth's text
iB "After the War, What!'? Potti-
piece will act as chairman for Mr.
Kingsley and Dr. Curry at tbo south*
ond meoting.
Tho school will opon up again at
Granvillo Hull at 2 o'clock Sunday
nftornoou.
Circulation Still Going TJp
This week sees our circulation reach
thp .15,000 murk and no signs of stopping ut that. The Federationist has by
a long way the largest circulation of
any wookly paper in tho province, and
will not be very fur behind some of
the dailies.
Cigar Makers
Six months ago the Curabanu cigur
was tho best seller on the market. All
the cigar stands featured it nnd gave
it tho premier position in the cigar
case. The Cambium is a non-union
cigar, mado by Polish girls in Windsor
and London. Local 352 Cigar Makers
tried repeatedly to unionize tho factory, but Brennes Bros, refused. It was
placed on the unfair list and an agitation started ngninst it, and today it
is as dead as a door-nail. The sales are
nil. Thc retailer wants a good seller.
Quick turnover. He cannot get rid of
his Carabunns. Tho same identical
thing is happening with Tucketts Club
Specinl and Marguerites. Thoy do not
uso tho union lubel on their cigars,
chewing tobacco or cigarettes. With
the continued support of all the union
smokoH, the Tucketts cigars and tobaccos will in a short time be but n
momory.
Movie Operators to Meet Sunday
All members of Local 848,. Moving
Picture Operators, are requested to attend thc regular meeting on Sunday
morning at 11 a.m. and which was post-
puned from November .'I, owing to the
"f!u" epidemic. The new constitution
aad bylaws, also the new working
curds, nre now out of the printers'
hands, and arp ready fur distribution
tu the membership. Urgent business of
importance will he taken up and the
exocutive will nttend in full force.
"Most Sanguinary"
A morning paper on Tuesday
nouncefl thut the Victory Loan hus been
oversubscribed by ;i5 per cent. And
then it runs on: "Most sanguinary es
timatos of cumpuigncrs fur exceeded.''
'Sanguinary" is good, .Suits a modest,
ospoctablo family iiowspnpor so much
better than the same thing in plain hu-
live English.
I * ■•.*<!,. |. .-».*•..•* .1* I
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Nov, 24—Postal Em.
ployees 10 a.m., Boilermakers
2,30 p.m., Musicians 2.30 p.m.,
Moving Picture Operntors 11
a.m.. Typographical Union,
MONDAY, Nov. 25.—Boiler-
milkers, Electrical Workers.
Htcum Engineers, Amalgamated Engineers, Patternmakers,
Upholsterers, Ironworkers, Bakery Salesmen, IJ. B. Carpenters No. 017, Stroet Railway-
men's Executive.
TUESDAY, Nov. 20—Bookbinders, Barbers, Boilermakers Belief Board, Amulgumated Carpenters, Machinist's No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 27—Gns
Workors, Metal Trades Executivo 1,30 p.m., Hotel and Kes-
, tauniut Employees 2.30 p.m.,
Metnl Trades Council, Boilermakers' Exninining Board,
Laundry Workers, Ten inst ers
and Chauffeurs,
THURSDAY, Nov. 28—Machinists No. 1H2, Caulkers, Sheet
Metnl Workers, Painters, Shipwrights
FBIDAY, Nov. 20—Pilo Drivers
and Wooden Bridgemen, Ware,
housemen.
METAL TRADES
Favor the Amalgamation of
AU  the  Metal
Trades
The Metal Trades Council held its
regulur mooting on Wednosday night,
ut which tho Macy award was discussed and severely criticized, and tho
opinion cxprosscd that tho award was
bused on patriotic conditions rather
than on the cost of living, and that the
minimum was struck in*, order to pre.
vent men from moving from one point
to anothor. Tho matter of tho shipbuilding adjuster's award and tho
Macy award wero referred to a committee. A lotter was ordered sent to
tho returned soldiors organizations asking for n mooting with the executive of
thoir associations with the executive
of the Metal Trades to discuss reconstruction problems.
The case of Moonoy.vwho is sentenced to death tor- Ringed, bomb-
throwing in San Francisco, wns discussed, nnd thc delegates woro instructed to take up tho matter of a genoral
strike in support of tho movement for
Mooney *s relenso with their local
unions.
The following resolution, which was
passed ut the convention of the Motal
Trades Council of the Pacific Coast
November 7 to 13, was endorsed and
will be submitted to local unions:
"Whereas, in this great world war
for democracy the organizod workers
of the world huve suffered and sacrificed themselves and their organizations in order to inukc the world safe
for domocracy, and
"Whoreas, in the reconstruction
period which must follow at thc end of
thc wur, it behooves the workers to fortify themselves by moanB of greater ho-
lidarity, to combat the sclfiBh desires
of the few who would control thc resources of the world and mako the
world UNSAFE foV industrial de.
mocracy, and
"Whcreus, tho workers of Greut Britain and Australia, profiting by their
experiences of tho present crisis, havo
constructively formulated plans that
have brought about a closer affiliation
and grenter solidarity of the workorB,
and
"Whe.rens, experiences with jurisdictional disputes between the various
crafts of the metal trades hnve in the
pnst rent usundur the solidarity of our
rnetnl trudes movement to such an extent thut it hns demonstrated the absolute necessity of u closer affiliation
of the workers in ihis industry, therefore be il. resolved
"Uesolvod: Hy the Pacific Coast
Metal Trudes Councils Convontion, in
specinl session, this seventh day of
November, 1018, that we go on record
favoring the amalgamation uf th'*
metal trados industry into one organization, uud be it further
"Bosolvod! That this resolution bo
submitted to u roforondum vote of tho
membership of ull Metal Trades Councils of the Pacific Const, und thut
copies of this resolution be also sent
to the Metal Trudes Councils of the
Great Lukes, Gulf, Atlantic Const, and
ull other districts whero Metal Trudes
Councils exist, for tike action, nnd be
it further
"Besolvod: Thut nil Metnl Trades
Councils be urgently requested to huve
returns of vote forwarded to tho secretnry uf the Pacific Const Metal
Trades Council on or before March 1,
19.10, und in the event of favorable aetion that tlie Metal Trades Department
Convention of the American Federation
of Labor, to be held in Atlantic City,
June 1019, be u'tvised of the notion
taken by the membership with the demand** that the convention formulate
plans for the amalgamation of tho
metal crafts into one industrial organization. "
December 9 Is the Date-
Dominion Hall the
Place
Notwithstanding tho fact tbo- the
Laundry Workers have mot with all tho
groat inconveniences occasioned by the
closing of all meetings during tho past
month, Local 37 has once again proven
itself more than equal to thc task, und
today finds them just as staunch as at
any timo during the striko. Thero has
boen no relapse whatever in the activities of the organization, henco tho following  announcement:
In aid of tho strike fund a whist
drive and dance have been arranged
for Monday, December D, in tho large
Dominion Hall, Pender Streot. Whist
ut 8 p.m. Dancing 9 to 1. The ticket
selling campaign will open on Monday
noxt, and iu view of proBont circum.
stances tho girls arc anticipating an
overwhelming sale of tickets. Sec that
you personally do not disappoint them.
Evory ticket is a laundry, worker's Victory Bond. Everybody buy them.
Gents 50 conts.   Ladies 25 cents.
10
Increase  Amounts   to  50
Cents Per Day on an
Average
At a special meeting of the eity
council held on Tuesday afternoon, the
report of the committee appointed by
the council to consider the wage stale
of the Civic Employees was presented
and adopted in its entirety, with the
exception as to tho date the increases
woro to tako effect, and this was
amended to read us from November 1st,
and the increases will bo effective
from that date.
The main featuro of the new conditions is tho roducing of the hours of
tho bridge tenders from 12 to oight
hours per day, with an inerease in tho
daily wage.
Tho committee appointed to go into
tho wage scalo is as follows:
Alderman Kirk, chairman of finance;
Aldorman Bogors in place of Alderman
Woodside; City Engineer Fellowes, and
socrotary of the board of works, for
tho city; Victor B. Midgley, J. W. Mac-
Farlan, and Mr. Oliver, representing
thc mon from tho Heavenging department, representing the men.
The following is a list of the scale
askod for, the new and the old scales:
De-      New    Old
maud.  Scale. Scale.
Min. wage demand..$4.00   $3.75   $3.25
Maintenance men  .. 4.25    -4.00     3.50
Maintenance     men
(on sidewalks) .... 4.50
Inside sweepers ...... 4.50
Outside Bwoopors
(old men)     4.00
Construction men  4.50
Teamsters  4.50
Bridge   tenders    {8
hrs. straight timo) 4.50
Tho city to oper.
ate 3 shifts instead
of 2 in 24 hrs.
Pavement    muinten- 4.50
uncos   4.50
Emergency   formen.. 4,75
(Considered out of
order,)
Firemen, incinerator 5.00
Sopmen,   incinerator 4.75
Sewer  main.  men.... 4.75
Emergency   formen.. 5.00
(Considored out of order.)
4.00
4.25
3.75
4.25
4.50
3.50
3.75
3.25
3.75
3.75
4.00     3.75
(12 hrs.)
4.25
4.25
4.50
4.50
4.50
MANIFESTO ISSUED
BY
Liebknecht Still Has Mis-
as  to
Majority
Scores Those Socialists Who
Have Supported the
Kaiser
In viow of the silence in the preaa ta
to tho activities of tho minority Socialists in-Oermany, the following copy of
jt manifesto issued by Karl Liebknecht,
in tho Sunday Capital Nowa,' Boise,
Idaho, will be of interest, tho manifesto
proves that the Majority Socialists are
not trusted by tho minority, and that
Lmbknceht has not changed hia mind
on their sincerity since ho and Bosa
Jjuiemberg wrote the Crisis in the
German Social Domocracy in 1915:
Berlin, Nov. 16.—A vitroKc manifesto eireulatod in Germany by Liob-
kuocht, Bosa Liuonberg and Prank Me*
bring, of tho German Bevolutionary Socialists, appealing to tho German people
to riso and seize tho reins of governmont.   Thc manifesto follows:
Dear Comrades: More than four yeare
ago our rulors ombarked on their campaign of robbory to subdue our neighbors. During tho last ten or twelve
years thoso samo rulors of ours havo
boon propagating tho evil doctrino of
the "Slav Poril." Thoy wore successful. Thoy sowed tho fear of Slavs in
our hearts. But this was only a disguise
for their still more imperialistic aggressions. As though tho road to St. Petersburg lay across Belgium and tho north
of Franco, thoy gave tho ordor and let
looso our armies. In a littlo more than
four yoars our rulers caused the killing
and incapacitating of over 25,000,000 of
men und women. Think of it. Comrades! Millions of souls, soldiers and
civilians; men, womon and children foil
victims to thc idoals of our unbridled
imperialists!
„...„ During theso four years tho peoplcB
3.95 of tho world blod until they could bleed
no longer. And what did wo gaint Did
wo gain even one-hundredth of what wo
and our rulors had started to win for
During the negotiations   the   bogey  ™? ___$__   ,   .""iT t0 "??,for
of tho old men was again trotted out, ™'J"B'rm_"° lo»t unt,'?"! co"ld i0M
v    .    .. .   .    ,      *».   . .'   no lOHL'Cr.    We wnn nnn thl-nrr tint l,..l
no lougor.   Wo won ono thing—tho hat-
Local 617, U. B, Carpenters
Local 017, U, B. Carpenters, will hold
thoir regular meeting on Monday night,
and all members are requested to put in
an appoarance as matters of vital importance will bo dealt with.
New Delegates to T. & L. Ooncil
Tho following delegates wore obligated and seated at tho moeting of tho
central body last night: Paintors, A.
Pattisonj Laundry Workors, O. Carter, Ellen Wolls, Annie Scott and Mrs.
Creelman.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs
The regular moeting of the Teamsters
and Chauffeurs will bo held noxt Wednesday, the 27th inst. All membors aro
urged to mako an effort to attend, The
secretary will bc on hand at 7:15 p.m.
in order that members may pay their
dues prior to the meeting hour. Owing
to increased business, it hus been necessary to instal another phono. The
number is Seymour 4117. Membors are
askod to note this number ,and use it
hen calling the office. The members
of this local will be sorry to hoar that
thc family of Bro. Frank Poole, business agent, are all down with the flu,
and Bro. Poole has his hands full theso
days.
but i* was pointed out by tho men's IX^STw * &?-Jat"
representatives that there were only ^**S^--JZ^*J^^
about 20 of those, but it will bo note* ?"C\HP'™HT8 ?« *»d. and the undy-
n:jjii nuniuLivco    uiub    vuuru    wuru    umy
about 20 of these, but it will be noted
that they are given a less wage than
tho others. It is evidently a crime to
bo old these days.
AT
R0MME
Socialist Party to Resume
Meetings This
Sunday
At Inst the ban has boen taken off
the meetings, and us usual tho Socialist Purty of Cunnda will again take
up tbe work thut hud to he stopped for
a few weeks. The party will take the
same stund that a party sucb as thc
H. P. of C. can take, and that is tn
continue to educute the musses that are
still following the blind leaders of the
blind.
So far us the war is concorned, it
is over in France, but the olass war,
which is still on, will liavv to bc thrashed out, not on the fields of Flanders,
but over the whole earth. The words
fo Marx, "Workers of the World,
Unite," are still tbe watchwords for
tho intelligent worker.
Don't miss this meeting, and bring
your friends with you. W. A. Pritchard
will take the platform and a good address will he heard on the "Issues of
the   Day,''    The   doors   will  open   at
7.;io.
Electrical Workers
J. Morrison, business agent of the
Electrical Workers at Prince Rupert, ii.
0,, died as a result of nn attack of the
flu. last week. (', I). Mc.Kinni.H, a local
member, has also died from the BO til C
disease.
Shipyard Laborers
The Shipyard Laborors will hold their
regular nieeting tonight. Any member
wishing to pay duos, will assist the sot-
rotary by doing so between the hours of
7:80 and If p.m. In the oflico. This np-
plies to next week 's meeting, as well
as this.
Labor Temple Again Active
Since the "flu" ban has been lifl-
1 the Labor Temple has onco again
become tho scene of muoh activity, uud
has ngnin  tnken on  ils  lively appear.
ance.   Meetings are being hold night
und the organizations have again
Boilermakers,
Iron Shipbuilders
and Helpers
Local 194
ATTENTION!
SPECIAL
Meeting
of the above Local will
be hold on
Sunday
Afternoon at 2:30 p. m.
in Room 401,
LABOR TEMPLE
Important business wilt
be discussed
REV. MR. THOMAS AND
BROMFIELD'S LAST HOURS
Tribute Paid to Late Business Agent j
of Shipwright* by Rev.
Mr. Thomas
KrncM Thomus, who with '
boon workiug i
from  (lit-   'flu I
uwkubu, miuioHH oi aeau, anu tne undying hatred of all the free peoples of
tho world—theso aro the. rewards you
havo. received under tho leadership of
our Pangerman imperialists.
Now the Opportunity
And now wo have askod peaco at tho
hands of our enemies through tho Pre.
sident of tho United Btutcs.   Comrade*,
now oonios your greatest opportunity.
Unite!   Stand togothor undor tho banner of the "International."   It is not
you who have occasion to feel humiliated.   It never was your war.   You woro
driven to the world butchery by your
rulors.   You havo received your deserts.
Now is your chanco to humiliate your
masters.   The deeper and moro thorough
is   their  humiliation   the   more  assured
are your liberties.   Do not for another
Instant permit your leaders to misrepresent thi! German workingmen ns slavishly supine to their will.   Act at once.
It is your only chance.   Strike tho tyrant with a mighty blow and lay him
prostrate at your feet.   He is tottering.
A well-directed blow at this time wul
win your liborty und partly compensate
for all the blood that has been shed during thoso four dreary yours.   Your freedom is dependent  upon the complete
and unmistakable defeat of vour rulers.
Make that defoat telling.
Howf
Lay down your arms you soldiers at
the front. Lay down your tools you
workors at home. Do not let your rulors, the lip patriots and munition profiteers deceive you longer. Ho long us
you are willing to continue the fighting,
so long will those <• lasses let you sacri-
Ico your lives and tho livos of your pro-
ious ones to save their faces. Lay
down your arms and lay down your
tools. Your neighboring nationalities
jure not your enemies. Your real enemies nn* at home. The soldiers whom
I yon face on the battlefields are not
[your enemies; they nre fighting for
your liberties. Arise mightily and seize
the ruins of the government. Yours is
the power. Yours is the right to rule.
| Respond to tho call of liberty and win
the war for yourselves.
The  Hint   ll 11V  <
i reliovi
<st Thou
Million  hns
offerers
Iddemlc, lms I
OSpitnl, and (In
• id, who, until .-
us business agont
uno under li
Int
■an
nursing at thc
Bro. Joe Uremia littlo time ago,
f the Shipwrights,
Mr. Thomaa in
oderu-
■ undo
formed a representative of the I
tionisl lhat Itro. Bro m field Wflfl
tho best patients thut over cam
the hospital heutmeni, and that h
patient anil tried his bost to reli
Ihe work of the nursing staff by neve
complaining through ull his nufferiti
before ho died. Mr. Thomas furthe
staled thut he won the respect and
esteem of all who enme into COlltnCt
wilh him during his short Illness, and
thut his many fine qualities were never
more apparent that when ho was bearing pnllt and afflicted with an illness
which   proved  fatal.
,WM Sailoi
Only Used As Pawnff
Por more than Pour years they have-
used you a- pawns in iheir attempt to
till their purses. For four years they
sacrificed yonr sons, fathers, brothors,
and starved millions, to the end that
they reap profits out of your blood. If
Ihey hnd won [lie war you would have
leuiiiineif helpless slaves. Your liberty
lay iii their defeat; they are defeated.
Victory is yours, ll is for you lo ffTWp-*
it: to master it.   Comrades!   Soldiers!
Hi*
Blacksmtlhs
.Vow   thnt  the  hau    ..   ,
nigs is lifted the Wueksmiths
ting ready to get back iu linines
I"
are get
js again,
This will he a notice to the membership that a mont Ing will ho held on Saturday at 7.30 p.m. and all members are
urged to be ia attendance. The financial seeretary will bo iu his office from
8.30 p.m. to take duos and no dues
will bo taken after 7 p.m. Every mom
ber should square up his due book before that hour.
A. S- U. B. Carpenters
The Amalgamated Sect ion of lie*
1'. H. Carpenters will hold its regular
mooting on Tuesday next. All members
nre rot! UOH tod to attend this meeting ns
there is much business of uu Important nature to be transacted.
And you worker
eglinents and rise by shops. Disarm
our offlcors, whose sympathies nad
deas are of the ruling eluss. Scizo your
I foremen ,who side with the old order of
things. Proclaim the overthrow of your
mastors and establish yourselves In ono
accord.    Disregard tho counsel of our
Kaiser.Socialists. No longer allow yourselves to bo led by tbe unworthy politicians who surrendered you falsely into
the hands of yo-ir masters. Those representatives (tho Kai« or-Social ists)
whom you sent to the Reichstag betrayed yon and betrayed the "International," and embraced your rulers
shamelessly. Cowards thev have remained during the last four yenrs. Do
not allow those traitors and cowards to
load or counsel you longor. Overthrow
thom as resolutely to you should overthrow yonr gold-laco masters. Do not
permit them to falsely speak in your
name. They betrayed the "International" working eluss; east them off
now for your own salvation.
Turn Defeat Into Victory
Soldiers,   sailors,    workinginon   nud
citizens!    Do not  permit yonr masters
to make |ionce with tho world in your
name.   Cast off these worthless masters
of the Fatherland nnd mako peace with
(Continued ou page 5) ■■■
PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY_ November 88, 1M8
THE FIRST UNION CIGAR STORE
IN VANCOUVER
The Mainland
Cigar Store
The Place for Pipes
310 CARRALL STREET
We are showing a window full of PIPES all at one price, $2
each.   They include Peterson's Patent, 0. li. D's., also a nice
selection of cased pipes, with Bahelite mouthpieces.   Some ol*
these Pipes would he f?ood value at $3.00.
But to he consistent with our principles of host possible values,
here they are.    Your choice, $2.00.
You know a pipo makes a line Christmas gift, and this is a
great opportunity to give something good at a very reasonable
price.
1. h. A. Cigars, union-made hi Vancouver, still the* same price,
3 for 25.?.
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE—310 Carrall Street
'<?-—*>
fnmnoNisT
DOLLAR DAY
SATURDAY
Tremendous bargains in all lines Saturday.   Get
ready to save your dollars.
TRADE UPSTAIRS AND SAVE YOUR DOLLARS
IRNOLD&QUIGLEYj
"STie Store thats always busy"
546Granville St. 546.
BMKWSK UPSTAIRS CLOTHES SHOP
SPROTT-SHAW
BUSINESS SCHOOL,
336 Hastings Street West
OPEN ONCE MORE—Work is resumed in all depart-
*    menls of both Day and Night' departments.
Commercial Stenography, Typewriting,
French, Spanish, Japanese and Russian.
PREPARE  NOW  FOR
AFTER-WAR CONDITIONS
SEYMOUR 1810
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for one year'i labierlptloo to Tko B.
0. Fettentlonlit, will be moiled to 007 id-
dre» In Oonodo for $12.50. (Oood onywfcere
outiide of Tonean-rer city.) Order tea to*
Any.    ■ emit wben sold.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
SLATER'S
QUALITY     SERVICE
FREE DELIVERY
B. 0. LAUNDRY SOAP 6 for 25^
B. G. NAPHTHA SOAP 5 for 25^
SALT-WINDSOR 4 for 25«*
Influenza; Its Cause aud Cure
Editor B. C. Fcderntionists: Sir—
'' Tim medical world has been looking
for u rt'imidy to cure disease, notwithstanding tlie obvious fact that Nature
needs no remedy—she only needs an
opportunity to exercise her own prerogative of self-healing." Figuratively speaking, our body represents one
grand organ, capable "of giving out noble notes if the player (tho owner of
tht' organ) is willing"to adjust his playing to the fixed, unchangeable laws
that govern it. If this law is not
recognized and obeyed at onco the instrument is put out of tuno, giving an
effect of discord—diseaso. So-called
disoaso does not exist, it is merely the
health put out of commission by evil
customs; or in other words, the energies of tho body are not directed
towards its maintenance.
Dr. Tilden, being to my mind what
this so-called disease (influenza) is, its
causo arid cure, I shall quote him.    He
Bays:    "Health is the ideal state of
| llie body and it is man't natural atate
if lie is living in a inannor agreeuble to
his needs.   But, if he is abusing himself by over-indulgence nnd by giving
way to sensuality—allowing appetites,
! pitssion ami the emotions to rule him—
I his resistance or nerve enorgy will be
(lowered, and enervation    will    become
established;  following which   elimina-
I i ion falls below par; aiid from this time
oa the blood will become charged with
the retained excretions, chronic toxemia becomes established, and   thc   development of crisea (so-called diseases)
will be in keeping with tho individual's
diathesis—natural tendencies.''
The toxin theory of the healing art
is grounded oa tho "truth" that toxemia is thc basic source of all diseases,
So sure and certain is the truth that I
do not hesitato to say that it ia by far
the most satisfactory theory that has
boon advanced in all the history of
medicine. Thyre are no cures for
disease. Health and how to build it
is the knowledge needed. Nature al
lows man to play with her lav^s nil he
likes. He may make the moat ridicu-
loua mistakes, tho most absurd applications of law and order, and suffer because of it; and if he is too stupid to
correct his errora, he can die prematurely beeauae of his incorrigibility.
Nature is neither ethical or unethi.
cal, sympathetic or unsympathetic,
moral or immoral; she stands neutral,
for sho is unmoral, and her problems
are worked out just right for tho good
and bad alike. If the good suffer, it
is because they mistake sentimentality
for reason. "The treatment, according
lo my plan, may be positive; thero need
bo no waiting for developments, no
giiessing, no mistakes. What is done
should bc the correct treatment for
any disease, named or not named
namely, get rid of the causeB of tho
toxemia and thc existing cauaoa whnt*
ever they arc. Wash out thc bowels—
for they are a source of infection; then
give a hot bath of sufficient duration
to furnish complete relief from any
pain. When discomfort returns, givo
another bath. Use an enema every day,
and twice daily if symptoms demand.
Provide plenty of fresh air and water,
and keep the patient quiot. Seo to it
that nothing but water goes into thc
stomach until the fever and discomfi
turo are entirely overcome; then give
very light food at lirst.
But doctors will say, "Supposo it is
a case of diphtheria? Anti-toxin should
bo used, for it is specific! " Thia will be
somo dny proved a delusion. Remember
that wc would not bo sick if wc wore
not toxemic, which has reduced our insistence aud made us susceptiblo to disease-producing influences. Let the local
manifestations bo what they may, the
basic causo ia alwaya tho same—toxemia plus septic infection; and if this
state is not added to by improper treatment—■treatment that still furthor Enervates—tho disease will bo thrown off
quickly. Food adds to tho disease, and
if food adds to the diseaae, so will
drugs and antitoxins. The disease is
toxin* poisoning, which will soon spend '
its force if not fed by food or drugs.
There is nothing to be dono that should
be done except what I have suggested.
If nature is overwhelmed by the poison
■—auto or extra-generated, plus tho antitoxin—tho patient will die. If the
patient gets well, when handicapped by
food, drugs or antitoxin, it would get
well more readily without such interference"
I would like to quote Dr. Tilden on
the epidemic influence, and the germ
theory, but I shall not tako up any
more space iu your valuable paper; but
would advise those who wish to know
more on thc subject to read his magazine, '' The Philosophy of Health,''
published monthly, also his "Pockot
Dietitian," 100 pages, which everybody
needs for every day reference. Tho
Philosophy of Heallh is published in
Denver, Colo.
This, above all, "To thine own self
be true."—Shakespeare.
" Whatsoever a man sowefh, that
shall he also reap."—Bible.
Thanking you for the space,
HEDLEY V. TUFF.
make a living without working and
you want to take everything away from
my boss, and if that should happen who
would pay us for our work, and who
would give us a job if we had no
bosses? Why, you are a lot of crazy
fools." And ten chances to ono thoy
would get together and drive thia man
from their camp. And when the lumberjack wus appealed to for funds to
help tho men to win their strike on
the C. N. R. a few years ago, his answer was "To hell with you, you
bunch of roundheads; if you don't like
the wages you are getting in this country, go back to your own country, you
dago.' f.
Now, if Mr. Woods wants to got the
cumps in a sanitary and clean condition, let him come to Vancouver about
ChriBtmuB time whon all the- lumber
jaeka are in town, und call a mass meeting for the purposo to see if tho
men want to organize so thut they can
better their condition collectively in
all parts of B, C. and Canada. The
lumber industry is the only industry
in Canada that is not organized, and
why this should be is a hard matter
Id understand. I wonder if Mr. Woods
thinks that it was the present government who gave tho workers of B. C.
Ihe eight hours. I nm informed lhat
the lumber camps did not get the eight
hours until lust summer. If that is so,
then might it not be that it was the
I. W. W. strike of last summer in thc
U. 8. A. wliich got tho workers of that
country and also this country their
eight hours 1
I alao noto an editorial in tho Province of November _ commenting on thc
same subject and stating how clean the
camps are in the U. S. A. and that it
should be the same in this country
I wonder if the Province would uphold
the workers of B. C. if they woro to
use the samo tactics as the workers did
in the U. S. A. iu order to get sanitary
conditions in the camps. I would like
to know what they think of tho men
who are in the jails all over the U.S.A.
who were the main factors in securing
these conditions, and would the govern
merit of this country use the same
methods against the workers here if
(hoy were to go out on strike for sanitary conditions in Die lumber campa.
Trusting that you will print this let*
tor, I am,
Yours for Real Freedom.
A LUMBERJACK.
EXTRA  SPECIAL
SUNLIGHT  SOAP —Regular  3  for  25c,  Saturday
only 4 for 25^
PORK AND BEANS 1 3 for 25^
SARDINES  3 for 25^
MILD CHEESE 3<ty 11.
STRONG CHEESE, per pound 35<
FINEST CLAMS, each  10<»
FINEST COMPOUND LARD 3<ty lh
SPECIAL
VICTORY ROLL BACON, from 3 to 4 lbs. eacfh; regular 4ty2c lb,, Saturday only 38^ ll>
—3 BIG STORES-
123 Hastings Street East Phone Sey. 3262
830 Granville Street Phone Sey. 866
3260 Main Street Phone Fair. 1683
Editor  B. C.  Fedorationist:   Sir—I
would like to answer    through    your
paper Ihe party who sings himself	
J. Woods of Kamloops l<> a letter about
the Insanitary conditions of tho lumbor
camps. Now, whose fault is it that
thcHo camps are dirty? Surely it is not
Honost John Oliver's fault or the Prov-
iin-inl Health Depui'tment's fault,
oither, because neither one of theae
[inrties has got lo live in nny of these
ramps, and I don'I suppose that any of
thrin over worked in n logging camp in
their life. So I think it's up to thc men
who work in these camps to sec that
they are kept in a sanitary condition,
uud also to see that they get clean
knives and forks nnd spoons and dishea
to eat from. If the men who work in
these places haven't got (he nerve to
kick or to strike for better conditions,
I hen the present conditions that prevail in those camps ure good enough
for them. Sending letters to newspapers or to tho government is not
going tn help the lumberjack, bettor
his condition oae bit becauso I have
proved that by experience nbout live
years ago. There is only one way that
tho luiiiherjack eaa improve" his con*
j dition find get sanitary camps, and that
' is by getting a union of tlie
men engaged iu the lumbor industry. A few years ago, when there
woro a few men,who had tho nerve to
go put in those sume logging cumps.
ninT ulso in Ihe railroad camps, and
tried to organize thom in a union of
the class, thoy were met with tliese
words; "Why don't you go to work,
you lazy bum? You nro a damn foreigner aad should! be driven out of
tho country.    You are juBt trying to
^Editor B. C. Federationist: Thc other
day, a Labor man from Seattle spoko to
a crowd of employees at thc gates of
Coughlan's plant where ships are built.
By this it is very evident the speaker
spoke to a bunch of slaves. The object
of this speech was to encourage speculation in Victory Bonds. This is a very
legal thing to do, and as a transaction
of business there is no fault to ilnd.
The exception I take is to the remarks of the speaker from a working
class point of yiow. After speaking
about the liberties laboring mankind
enjoys '' under God's blue canopy,''
and how the boys "over there" were
lighting for "us," still working plugs,
for he distinctly included himself. How
the war had converted tho Canadians
and Americans from cousinship into
brethren. Why he took exception to
this bounduryMinc'I don't know. H
might have said, and said truly,-that
this war has succeeded in forcing the
executives of capitalism to form one
executive of international capitalism,
and at the same time, created an international proletariat slave class. This
is going on at Versailles at tho presont
time. The armistice is tho preliminary
to thc peace term making.
Ho apparently forgot his class position in society is so far he was a unit
of an internutional slave class. Thc
national spirit was certainly uppermost.
To enforco my argument,* I will repeat
in stibstunce whut he said, and whut ho
termed "good news." In this strain he
said: "Tho best piece of news wo have
had of late is the press report of the
ninth German loan failure." He repeated this with emphasis, but he was
not applauded. Then ho said: "The
best nows Germany could get would bo
the failure of Canad's Victory Loan."
It is very evident ho has good bourgeois ideas. He docs not yet realize the
impossibility of making every one capitalists. He advocated saving for a
'rainy duy." He said it was a good
maxim taught at our mother's kaee. I
rant to Bay here, thut our mothers'
didn't know uny better. Tho maxim
"save against a ruiny day" is ono of
the worst traits a slave eaa cultivate.
It keeps the mass of the slaves savers
grinding their noses up to the end of
time, as far us they are concerned.
Ho challenged the crowd after making this statement. "I am not here to
fool you, I am here ns a brother unionist; a machinist, a unit of one of the
most essential branches of labor necessary in the propaganda of the war. I
am here representing Labor, and I
want to say right here thut labor
erwrtrs nil wealth; without labor
wealth eould not be. I am for labor
lirst, last and ull tho time, and then
some." Here's the challenge: "If there
is a man in the audience who is more
for labor than I am, let him raise his
hand. I will havo a long chat with him
after I am through." There wasn't
one thut had spunk enough to raise his
hand. I had a mind to, but not being
able to tulk in public, und being a comparative stranger, 1 witheld. I would
have liked to have asked him a question on economics. He could not have
answered them successfully.
The workers in this country ean
truthfully rejoice over the ninth'Gorman loan failure. For this reason, und
for no other. It is a good indication of
a working class rising and a breakdown
of capitalism. However, the uprising
and the breakdown is not yet an established fact. Il in only press news. Our
hope as workers lies in the stand the
central workers take favoring their
emancipation. If Austria-Hungary und
Germany succeeds in establishing Socialism, they, with the Russian Soviets
will be able to Influenco the <vorkers
the world wide in their behalf. Therefore as workers we have nothing to be
glad about when receiving the partial
loss German capitalism has sustained in
her ninth loan failure.
At the armistice conference, accord*
ing to Ihe press, their opinion in substance, follows: "Wo must hurry up
if we want to negotiate with the old, or
present regime." You sec Ihey are
afraid of Socialism. They want capitalism to live on. Whether the Kaiser is
head or u premier, makes no difference;
Lord Milner says, "We must have a
Stable government." The fourteen
principles accredited" to President Wilson are nothing less than a formation
in fact of an international capitalistic
state. If tho war ends now, and peace
terms signed endorsing those fourteen
principles, it means that capitalism, internationally, has gainod a victory. It
also means the workers, world wide,'
have lost out. A successful Victory or
Liberty Loan means, coupled with a
peaco on capitalistic terms, tho enslavement of the workors to n greater extent than heretofore. Conscription is
here to stay. That is, unless the workers become class conscious. In tb&t
case, every bourgeoiso idea will bc relegated to the scrap heap. '
History ahows that as tho machine of
production improves and becomes more
complex, so doea tho protecting machine
grow. With re-conatruction of industry, labor timo must be reduced, otherwiso there would bo too many unemployed. Monetary expressions in wagos
may be high or low, one thing is sure,
it will never express tho full value of
labor power. If it did, it would ceaso
to be a commodity. Thc prico of labor
power is less than the value of labor
powor. Tho cost of labor power is expressed in the price, wages, based upou
thc standard of living. The value exceeds tho wage price about Ave times.
That is in one-fifth of a day wc earn
our cost, tho full valuo covers one day,
therefore thore is four-fifths unpaid
labor.   This is surplus value.
The proportions wages will assume to
profits under a reconstructed Hndustrial
world is beyond our ken; but it will
not bo a grenter, and from now on until
the social revolution tlie workers position will be greatly handicapped, pnpi-
tallsm haa outlived its usefulness, It
can not produce anything but strife,
misery and degredation.
When we say down with capitalism,
it does not necessarily mean bloodshed,
but seeing that Socialism interferes
with capitalistic interests, it is only
natural that tho capitalist claas should
protect their clasa proporty. Well, let.
them, and only they. Thon, for want of
a better word, God help them! Tin
are a mere 10 per cent., we aro 90 per
cent. They have held political power,
influenced all channels of education,
reared a docilo slavo class and a docile
obedient soldier, this through economic force. Let us rejoice at the uprising of the proletariat of Bussia, Austria, Germany and any other country
under the blue sky. The emancipation
of the workers meahs freedom for all.
The victory of capitalism means slavery for the workers world wide. Which
do you want? Are you a nationalist?
If you aro, you are a failure? Workers
of the world, unite?   Will Bnyllss.
Supply and Demand
Editor B, C. Federationist—Dear Sir:
In the Daily Province, under date of
October 19th, I notice an article,
(' Oranges and Lemons Jumped in
Price." •'Yes, the victim of Spanish
'flu noeds oranges and lemons. Many
have been at death's door and needed
any comfort they could get. Water
street had its usual supply on hnnd
but up goes thc prico in a few days 100
per cent. Drugs 500 per cent. Thia is
not profiteering, thiB is supply and demand.
The sick and dying need lemons and
Water Stroet soca a chance of getting
100 per cent, plua usual profits. The
sick and dying noed the goods—Water
Street needs the monoy. Profiteering,
oh, nol   Supply and demnnd.
But, sir, 1 want to draw a comparison to the laundry girl who does not
earn $12 per week. For the sake of
patriotism and humanity ahe offers to
work for any old wages until nftor the
Spanish 'flu epidemic is past ,noto
Miss Guteridge's ad. in Sunday Sun
issued on tho 20th). The strikers will
forego thoir contention so that the
hospitals and homos of the sick may
have cleanliness. This is what I call
patriotism and human kindness. Those
girls woutd work for any old wages so
that the sick nnd dying might havo
clennlinoss and comfort.
Compare this spirit with thc 100 per
cent, raise in price of lemons in ten
days. Furthermore, note the number
of young women of independent moans
who volunteered help at tho emergoncy
hospitals and in private homes. Some
of thom have sinco givon their lives
in the good cause. God rest their
souls. Compare the offor of tho
Laundry Workers; comparo tho act of
the women of independent moans working her life away in thoso plngue-
stricken places that the sick and helpless niight not suffer more than could
be helped. Compnrc the deeds of those
women volunteering their services, and
even dying hi the service, with that
of Wholesale Row and 100 per cent,
raise in profits, and I am geing to say
that Water street is not profiteering, it
•is just plain law of supply nnd demand.
But if any onc comes to your office
nnd calls me a liar, don't throw him
out. And if they tell you thut on Wholesale Row there are a pack of hoarders,
profiteers and grafters, I would not, if
I were you, Mr. Editor, call them Jlurs,
for public opinion would bo ninety-five
per cent, against you, and thc other
five per cent, would be grnfters.
Yours,
H. H. CLEUGH.
45 Pender Street, Vnncouver, B. C.
"Power"
Editor B. C. Foderationist: There
must be control; there must be leadership, thoro must bo powor. Tho work
of the world demands powerful minds.
Power used with high reason is the
hope of the world.
Power is so good a tiling, so effective,
so necessitous that fhe risk had to be
taken. The great gift had to be given
lo man, subject to periodical and enormous abuse. Power is ever pushing
aside limitation nnd just so fur ns it
becomes unlimited does it become despotic. This is the flrst lesson of history.
For thousands of years tho white man
hns been fighting to put shackles upon
its own powerful minds. The kings become all powerful and their sway was
hammered into a limited monarchy. The
barons became all powerful, and then
had to tako a back seat. Wealth is
subjoct to the samo tendency today,
despotic power, as was the modievnl
chruch. Wealth of dollars, wealth of
rank and station, wealth of votes, all
tend to the snme despotic end.
Power thrives on use and grows ho
rapidly that it is in danger of growing
unevenly. There is something of tho
cannibal in powor, It feeds upon itself,
and feeding upon itsolf, grows into abnormal proportions.
About the only thing that saves the
common pooplo is the overlapping of
nmbitions, power running amuck, Then
comes the revolution and the rights of
the people are recognized. Liinitntiuns
are emphasized. The American constitution, above all elso, is a thing of
checks and balances.
The birth of power is in darkness.
Its foundations are laid deep and underground. The sources of power are privation, self comfort, hard thinking, long
headed planning aud enduring work,
The power of tho mind grows by uso,
thrives on positivonoss, on  assurance,
King np Pbone Seymonr 8364 for
appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite 301 -Dominion Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
You will not
be "soaked"
_ So many people neglect
their eyos even when they
know they should have
them attended to—when
they know they should be '
wearing glasses — bocauBe
thoy are afraid they will
bo overcharged—and because of the uncertainty of
the cost.
fl I want any of you union
men who feel that you
may require glasses—you
or your wives—to come in
and let me examine your
eyes. Let me ten you what
le wrong—if anything—
what it will cost to give
yoa glaBses that will make
seeing and living more
comfortable.
(J My optical service is tho
most efficient and the most
reasonable on the ooaat.
Seymour 199S
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
Granville Optical Oo.
640 OBANVILLE STBEET
-Below Drysdale's
; Canada Food Board ;
;   Licence 8—1856    :
Whenever—
you sec somo one with a basket of
grocories you may know that they havo
"paid cash and aro carrying," and
that thoy have saved money. Why not
youf
Spccinl in Cooking Apples—75 boxes;
splendid cookers 51.25 to $1.65
80 Boxgs Fancy WagnerB, per box..$2,25
Extra Fancy Potatoes, 11 lbs 25c
Fancy Whito Beans, 2 lbs 25c
Braid's Extra Vnlue, por lb 50c
Best Mixed Peel, lb .40c
50 Boxes Fancy Layer    Raisins,   per
pkg 16c
Old Dutch  3 tins 26c
Royal Crown Oatmoal Soap....7 bars 25c
Royal Crown, Gold Dust, Whito Swan,
largo pkg., choice  26c
Malt Vinogar, per bottlo 10c
Malkin's Custard Powdor, tin .20c
Alberta Eggs, dozon 60c
Local New Laid Eggs, dozen  95c
Choice' Dairy Buttor, lb 45c
Foncy Buttor, per lb „ 62c
Cooked Hams, Hams, Mild Cured Bacon,
Dill Pickles, Etc., Ete.
S. T. Wallace's
Marketaria
118 Haitinga St. W.
Oppoalte
Woodward'a
SEY. 1206
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine dreamy Lather
and Doei Not Dry on the Face
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured ln Brittoh Columbia
If you haven't Joined tbe Federated Labor
Party, get la tonch with Seeretary Trotter,
Room 206, Labor Temple, or any of tbe rice-
preiliitmti throughout tho pro-rlnee. ***
on conviction. If you want powor you
must bo rid of fear, of hesitation and
thc wholo brood of uncertainties.
The pursuit of power us an ambition
is no respoctor of persons, of times, of
seasons; no respoctor of climes or races.
The lust of powor breaks into families,
into friendships, into churches, into
governments ,into overy relation and
into overy environment of life. Power
is a two-edged sword. Yours very truly,
M. JA'CHA.
Crepe de
Chine
Sale
We have many hundreds
of yards of Crepe de Chine,
in all different grades.
It is more" than we eare
to keep on hand at this season and put it out for less
than present wholesale quotations. Silk prices are still
advancing.
36-inch Crepo do Chino, in a fine
cIobo quality; rog. $1.85 a yard
for 11.39
40-inch Crcpo do Chino, in a good
weight for blouses and undor*
woar; rog. $1.75 yard for..ll.50
40-inch Crcpo de Chino, of heavy
weight and light wcavo; reg.
$2.25 a yard for  81.96
Saba Bros.
Limited
"CAe Silk Specialists
652 GRANVILLE STRE1T
Jersey City, N. J.—Tho new book
and job scale of Typographical Union
is now in effect. A onc-yoar contract
cnlls for $30 a wook, whieh is the rate
paid to newspaper printers.
Wants $1 a Day itaise
Washington.—A salary increaso of $1
a day for all civilian employees of tho
government will be asked for at tho
opening of the December sossion of
congress by the National Federation
of Federal Employees. The $120 war
iucrease allowed by congress for tho
current iiscul yeur, thc unionists say,
has proved an almost negligible item
so far as meeting the increased cost of
living is concerned, und even that item
will disapepnr at the end of tho year
unless thero is new legislation on tho
subject.
Fire Fighters Unite
Baltimore.—Municipal flrcmon of this
city havo formed a union and afBiated
with tho International Association of
Firo Fighters.
Knoxxille, Tenn.—Fire Fighters'
Union No. 65 is dissatisfied with a recont wago award by city authorities
who have raisod taxes from $1.80 to
$2 on" the ground that this was necessary to meet thc firo fighters' demand.
In a statoment to tho public those municipal employees show that tho tax
increase means an additional $100,000
to tho city treasury but thoy receive a
very small percentage of it.
Patronizo B. C. Foderationist advertisers and toll them why you do so.
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—TWBLVB KBW TABLES—
(llr»e«wi.k-B»lkf Oollander Oo.)
—Ho»d(-n»rUn for Union Men—
Unlon-madt   Tobacco.,   Olfaxa   ttt
Olgartttti
Onlr WUte Htlp Hnplo-r.d
42 Hastings St. East
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co. Ltd.
U Hutlngi ItrMt Wut
OLELAND-DIBBLB ENOBAV-
INO COMPANY
Limit*!
PHOTO ENOBAVEBS — OOKKBBOLMi
ABTIST8
Phone Senuour 7169
Third Floor World BuUdlni
VAHOObTEB. B. O.
—Tk.* only Union Shop In Vancouver—
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Servioe
10*9 OEOBOIA STBBBT
Due Blook west of Court Booh.
(lie of Modern Chapel ud
Funeral Farlon free to all
Fatrou.
Telephone lejrmoii MU
tfwireaiiwbc
acco.
TI1E LONDOVGRILL
7<VJ   ROBSON SI OmOIAL    FAPEB    VABOOUVEB
TBADES  ASD  LABOB   000*011,
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OITIOIAL  FAFBB  BBJTISB  SOL-
OHBIA  FBDEBATIOB  OF   LABOB
TE^fTH YEAR.   No. 47
TEN PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER .22,  1918
You Spend to Enjoy
_ Your ra ise in wages is welcomed because it enables you to secure-those things which make life
more enjoyable—more worth living. The pleasure of a sound and handsome equipment of
teeth is not only a luxury in itself, but it adds
so much to the general joy of living that it
should be one of the first considerations of those
who have allowed their natural equipment to
deteriorate. To enjoy good health—to enjoy the
esteem of our fellows—the good things of life—
one must havetgood teeth. Dental delays are not
only expensive—they are dangerous.
_ Tou cannot spend yonr money to
better advantage than to have yonr
mouth mado handsome and whole*
some—to havo an equipment of good
teeth you cannot choose a better
time than the present. I shall be
glad to tell you what expense this
will involve.
Opposito
Woodward's
DR. LOWE
Fine Dentistry
HASTINOS AND ABBOTT
DOLLAR-DAY SPECIALS
FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
WAB TAX EXTBA WHERE NECESSARY
$1.00 fluid's     Syrup     Hypophos-
pbites    _ 74c
86c J»d   Suits    JpOc
50c A. B. S. & 0. Tablets  .26c
">0e Roid'a Fruit Saline  83c
SOo Pepsod'cnt    43c
flOc ltoid'a Kidney Pills  25c
$1.00 Wyoth's Baro and Sulplmr..70c
81.00 Niutatt'd Iron  86c
25c Roid'B Witch Hazel Cream ....19c
50c Mcnnen's Shaving Cream  S8c
25c Dontono Tooth Paste   17c
40o Sanltol Tooth Powder  24c
85o Abbey's   Salts    24c
26o Beochain's Pills   22c
50o Blaud's Pills  26c
(19c Chase's   Ointment    - 46c
25c Nature's Remedy Tablets  17c
15c Magic Corn Cure  10c
VACUUM LUNCH KIT
Lunch Box and- "Vacuum Bottle—Rog. $4.00,  special  *2.98
CANDY   SPECIAL
WiUard'a Mb. box Chocolates—Regular 75c, special 64c
-" SOAP  SPECIALS
(Pour only to a customer)
iTory—Sunlight—Lifebuoy  _  4 for 25c
Christmas goods aro now on display in all our stores.    Remember that tho
early shopper secures the best choico.    Soo our stock of Ivory Goods,
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
LIMITED
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STORE:
405 Hastings Btreet West    Phones Sey. 1065 and 1966
BBANOB   STORES:
7 Hastings Street West Seymour 3632
782 Oranvllle Street Seymonr 7013
Oor, Oranvllle and Broadway        Bay. 2314 and 1744-0
412 Main Stroet Seymour 2032
1700 Commercial Drive, High. 235 and 1733-0
Dollar Day Bargains
SATURDAY IS DOLLAR DAY
$1.00   Oil   Every   $10.00   on   the   Price   of   a   Suit   or   Overcoat
$20.00 Suits for $18.00
$30.00 Suits for  $27.00
$40.00 Suits for  $36.00
Special line of Shirts, worth $1.50 up, for $1.00
Special lino,of Collars, $1.00 per dozen, and othor lines too numerous to
mention, at great reductions.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
BOYS'  AND MEN'S CLOTHING
309-315 HASTINOS STREET WEST UNION STOBE
UNION STOBE
MEN  WHO WEAR  OUR  SHOES  ARE  ALWATS SATISFIED
You can't find a man wonring SHOES that
came from this store who is not satisfied with
thom.
Wo sell only the Best Shoes Made, nnd our
prices tiro always fair. Don't judge Shoes by
any advertising price.
LOOK AT THE SHOES.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
606  ORANVILLE   STREET
Vancouver's Union Shoe Store
T. B. HILL'S
IS NOW RUNNING AT FULL BLAST
THE war is over and the Victory Loan
successfully floated. All that is now
necessary to complete the happiness of the
city's population is to become acquainted
with our cut in prices.
EVERYTHING in MEN'S and BOYS' CLOTHING
The quality of our goods is known—the prices
lower than the manufacturers are asking—and our
guarantee goes with every article we sell.
T. B. HILL
117 HASTINGS
STREET EAST
ARTICLEOFINTERESTMUST HAVE FRE
Article   Written   in   1893
Compares Debs With
Lincoln ,
Both   Were   Opposed   to
Autocracy in All
Forms
When Eugene Victor Dobs came to
Now York from Chicago last yonr ho
made a speech in Cooper Union which
I heard, I sat near a spot at which I
had sat at another meoting held in the
same place, thirty-four years previously,
which was addressed by another speaker
on that platform in August, 1894, aud
was to mo a reminder of tho othor wos*
torn Bpeaker who stood there in February, 1860. Both mon were tall nnd
sparo in figure-^.thc complexion of each
rather dark—darker in tho one than in
tho other; tho faco of each was rather
gaunt, that of the earlier speaker much
moro gaunt than that of the later; both
wore men of good and strong features;
there was something intense about the
facial expression of each; both wore
men of commanding and impressive
manners,
I recall tho somewhat peculiar and
shrill voice of the speaker of 18(50; I
heard another voice in 1894 which resembled it. As they spoke, it was easy
for it New Yorker to discern that they
were both men of tho West.
Tho man to whose speech I listened
in Cooper Union in February, of 18G0
was Abraham Lincoln of Illinois—born
in Kentucky; the man who spoko from
the snino platform within my hearing
last year was Eugene Victor Debs, of
Illinois—born in Indiana.
I recalled tho appearance, the man-
nor, tlio voice and the speech of Lincoln as Debs stood before mo thirty-
four years afterwards.
It seemed to mo that both raon were
imbued with the samo spirit. Both
seemed to me as men of -judgment, reason, earnestness and power. Both Boomed to mo as mon of free, high, genuine,
generous manner. I "took" to Lincoln in my early life, ns I took to Deb.*
a third of a century later.
In tho specchos of both westerners
there was cogent argument; thero wcro
apt illustrations; there woro especially
emphatic passages; thero were moments
of lightning; there were touches of humor, and thero were othor qualities
which produce conviction or impel to
action, Each speaker wus ns free as
the other from gross eloquence. I confess that I wus ns much impressed with
the closing words of Dobs' speech as I
wan with those of Lincoln, when ho exclaimed, "Let us htrt'e faith that right
makes right, and in that faith lot us to
tho end dare to do our duly, as we understand it."
As Lincoln stands in my memory
while looking fur buck, Debs stands in
it as I saw him in Cooper Union a year
ago.
Lincoln spoke for man; so spoko
Dobs. Lincoln was tho foo of human
slavery; so was Debs.
I was in tho deepest sympathy with
Lincoln when he camo here, ns I was
also with Debs when he camo here. I
had striven for Fremont in my youth,
as I have striven in later years for principles that ure thc logical sequence of
thoso of Lincoln und ure represented by
Dobs.
Lot no admirer of Abraham Lincoln
—I do not moan tho apotheosized emancipator, but tho Lincoln of I860—offer
objection to might that has been hero
said. At the time I have spoken of,
Lincoln was regarded by millions of
people as a cross between a crank and
u monster. In hundreds of papers and
by hundreds of speakers ho was culled
the "Illinois baboon." Every epithet
that hate could invent wus applied to
him. To the "Satanic press" of New
York Lincoln was an object of loathing
und derision, a '' nigger lover," a
clown, a subvorter of the constitution
and tlio law; and above all, lie wus a
blatant foul who would destroy that in-
destructible "system of labor" which
lms existed of old, which was uphold
by the supreme court and tlie lynch law
court, the church, the army, Ihe press
and the capitalist, as also by congress
—both houses. Why, tlio Debs whom
we havo with us in our country todny
is a harmless citizen compared with tho
Lincoln of I860, us lie had been described before ho came to Now York.
H looks to mo as though the nowspupcr
slubherdogullions uud plutocracy in our
tinu' lind lost the power of cantankerous invective which wus possessed by
their contemporaries of I860, now most*
ly dead and forgotten. I have read
some ussnults upon Debs, but all of
thoitl were poorly done.
Lincoln'h nume was Icsh familiar to
New York musses at the opening of
I860 thun Debs' wns in 1894. Lincoln
had campaigned in the West, but the
West was much farther nwny then than
it is now, and western men were Iosr
known to the East than they nre now.
Lincoln drew a crowd to Cooper Union,
but not ns largo o crowd as Debs drew-
Well, when I heard Debs' speech
horo I had hulf u notion thnt it might
he the prelude to an incident like that
which followed Lincoln's speech. There
were few people, nt least in New York,
who could have believed that within
three months from thc day of Lincoln's
speech here, Lincoln would be a candidate for the offlce of President of tho
United States. "Some say," he suid
while in New York then, "some say
they may make me vice-president with
Howard."
It wns always the opinion of my old
friend Raymond, the founder of the
New York Times, whom 1 long served
as chief of his editorial staff, that it
wus the Cooper Union speech of Lincoln that made it possible for him to
be u cundidate for tho presidency, nnd
that it was most potent in mnking him
acceptable to the Rcpublieiin party in
the East. It certainly was a factor of
inlluenoe in the nominntion in Cliicngo
the following May.
No mutter ubout thut now. When,
in Cooper Union, a year ago, I heard
the speech of Eugene V. Debs, which, in
so many ways, reminded me of that of'
(Xa Vwe-amr\
Olty, 18.00 )
$1.50 PER YEAR
And the Truth About World
Conditions Must Be
Told
Tho Gorman working clas has seorod
a great victory. Tho results so fnr indicate that tho Allies have boen fighting to liberate tho Gorman peoplo. Thc
Teutonic military gane has been do-
throned. It is to be noped that tho
man in tho street realizes that our
bunch is still in control. The order-
in-council business must go and quickly.
The working class must bo free to
speak tho truth even about Russia.
There seems to be a growing fear of n
Bolshoviki movoment in this country.
The ruling class knows full woll that
it has been merciless in the use of its
powor during tho war, and consequently it dreads the retaliation of thoso it
has oppressed. The mistake tho mnster
class makes is that it judges the working class to bo subjoct to the same
thoughts and emotions as itself. It
thinks that a Bolsheviki movemont in
this country would take the samo form
as in Russia. The condtions in tho
two countries are different. Bolsho-
vikism is entirely Rusisan and is due
to tho conditions that prevailed In that
country in days gone by, and also to
thc brutality of the czar's regime. Tho
ideals of tho loaders of thc Russian
radicals are probably much the Bamo
as the ideals of tho Socialists of every
country in the world, but these men
havo to deal with conditions as they
find ,them and those are not nlways as
they would like thom to be. In Canada aud in the different parts of tho
British Empire the changes thnt nro politically und economically inevitable
ean bo effected without any violenco
or disorder if the ruliug class is not
so foolish as to sit on thc safety valve.
Free speech is essential. A freo press
must bo restored. Wo understand they
have obtained these things in Germnny
and surely Britishers are entitled to
tho samo privileges as the Teutons,
One thing thut puzzles us is thc
tnlk of feeding the Germans for four
they muy become Bolshevikis if they
starve. It is understood by the read
ers of the capitalistic press that Boi*
shevikism lias sent Russia to hell. If
■it rises in Germnny the Huns, will go
then? too. Well, tet them go! All patriots have been striving for four years
to send them there. Germany was to
bc boycotted for ten yenrs after the
war and now we arc talking of feeding the enemy. Germany needs food,
and if she can buy it will givo a high
price for it. The profiteers who have
large supplies stored up in tho allied
countries can, by sending foodstuffs to
Germany, not only obtain outrageous
prices there, but they can continuo to
soak us here to their hearts oontont,
Patriotism und profits go together,
from the point of viow of the ruling
class. In u littlo while they will be
telling us what a fine citizen the German working man will make and how
ndvuntngoous it would be to encourage
the immigration of the Teutons into
the Dominion.
There are certnin things in this country thnt must be changed. Tho working man will never consent to go bnck
to the stato of living that existed in
the pnst. The only way an improvement cnn be effected is by the peoplo
as a whole owning und controlling
those things which nre essential to our
oxistence. In other words the people
in comon must own thnt upon which I
they in common depend. Ownership is'
determined and maintained by the
state. Tho goveramont decides the
question of ownership, The working
clnss with the stute under its control
can force the mnster class to let go its
hold on tho means of life. The working
cluss must obtain possession of the
reins of government, and it can do so
any time it wants to. Our work is to
supply our class with education that
generates in it the will to do this, the
will to be free. This accomplished,
everything else follows as a matter of
course. Onr class is ready for the message. The harvest is here for the ronji-
"ngj the tide is coming in.
Local   Unions   Are   Now
Voting  on  the
Referendum
Secretary   Midgley   Sends
Circular Letter to
Locals
A Soldier's Grave
The British Weekly Dispatch hns lind
hud its attention drawn to whut is apparently a scandalous case of neglect
on the purl of the Wnr Office.
On May 7, in the Stobhill Military
Hospital, near Glasgow, Private Horace
Nowsomc, of the North Staffordshire
Regiment, died nf wounds. Nowsoino
■nlisled two dnys before his 18th birth-
day, nnd was drafted to Frnnce Inst
March 31.
A fortnight Inter the boy was severely wounded and wus brought to Eng-
"njjd, dying three weeks later. His
nolher, who hnd boon telegraphed for,
law tho boy puss nwny. His body wus
nought to Armley, Leeds, the hoino of
his purent.H, for interment, the quarter-
master of the hospital telling the bereaved mother that the Wnr Office
would pay for tho gruve.
No militnry funeral was provided for
tho young soldier.   From the depot of
the North  Staffordshire Regiment the
parents were sent  the sum nf  2Rs.  in
I lieu of n gun-enrringc.
The boy wns buried in the local
cemetery, nnd the authorities, whose
patriotism, apparently, is all on fours
with thnt of another cemetery board
who refused to bury an Australian flying officer, sent the parents a bill of
£(i Ss. for a soldier's grave.
The bill wns sent to the Wnr Olfice,
but so far nothing hus happened, nnd
the parents huve hud to borrow money
to meet the expense,
Abruhnin Lincoln long ago, T felt sure
thnt nobody could deny that here again,
in this new western leader in the struggle for Labor's emancipation, there
might be the stuff for a presidential
candidate.
And this suggestion would huve been
mude by me nt thc New York mooting
but for the jnm of perversity on Ihe
platform.
Debs in Cooper Union reminded me
of Lincoln there. As Lincoln, of Illinois, becnnie un efficient ugent for
freedom, so, pcrclinneo, might Debs, of
Tndiunn, become in the impending conflict for the liberation of labor. Let ns
never forget Lincoln's great words,
"Liberty before property; the mun before the dollar."— Oakland World.
Thc proposed Western Conforonce of
Labor representatives, to bo held in
Calgary, is now boing voted upon by
tho local unions affiliated with tho B.
C, Fedoration of Labor. Tho returns so
far received by Secretary Wells would
intimate that the referendum will be
carried by a large majority. Thj need
of a real national policy for labor, looking to a linking up with thc interna,
tional working class programme, is evidently apparent to tho workers in B. C.
Secretnry Midgley, of tho committee
appointed at the Quebec conference to
carry out tho policy outlined by the
Western delegatea, has this woek issued
the following letter to all local unions
in the four Western provinces:
"To All Labor Organizations in  tho
% "West.
"Greeting:
"At the Quebec convention of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
last September, attended by somo four
hundred delegates, only forty-five cumo
from Winnipeg and points west of that
city.
conferences during thc week of tho
convention, and discussed the marked
difference in the aims and aspirations
of the Eastern and Western sections
of the Labor movement of Canada, and
the fact thnt sinco the Congress met in
Vancouver in 1915, nil subsequent conventions have been held in the East
(and the next will bo held in Hamilton,
Ont.). making it difficult and expensive for tho West to be properly represented.
"Thc Western delegates' conference
at Quebec decided, in order that the
workers living in that section of Cnnada west of the Great Lakes might
have an opportunity of voicing their
opinions on the many important, matters affecting Labor, that a Western
Conforonco of representatives of the
Labor Unions of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia
should bo hold, and with this end in
view, appointed a committee to attend
to the dotails and call the convention
"Tho committee lms tnken this mutter up with tho officers of the B. C.
Federntinn of Labor, nnd thnt orgnnizntion is submitting a referendum to
ils membership asking thom to ngree
to hold tlieir next convention at Calgary, Alberta, instead of Victoria, B. I
C. *Tho Alberta Federation of Labor J
is ulso being roqueted to hold its con- j
vention in Calgary instead of Modicine j
"The Ban
Is Off"
SUITS
MEN'S-
$35 up
WOMBN'S-
$45 up
Of courso it is—has been for some days. It
makes quite a difference down town; brings
a lot of people; makes us quite busy but not
so busy we can't attend to old customers-—
now ones too. Ours is a big concern, carrying a big stock of Al woolens—solid, firm
fabrics that look well, wear well And laBt well
whon mode up by us into our noted
SUITS
Fits of quality aro what we guarantee.
They 're what wo 're famous for, and wc have
such a choice of materials we can give you
just the pattern and weight you like. We'll
satisfy you same os wc satisfy everybody
and at a price that will please you.
Strictly TT VIAV T»iloriog
The Pint U Al 1 V -W hooh
the B. C. TAILORING co
Custom Tailors to the Working Man
128 HASTINGS ST. E.
NEAR   THEATRE   ROYAL
     (Old Pantages)    	
Hat, in order that at the conclusion of
the two provincial conventions the
delegates may mc6t with representatives of Manitoba and Saskatchewan
in Ihe inter-provincial conference.
1' Tho provinces of. Saskatchewna
Alberta and Manitoba have no provincinl federations, but the bnsis
of representation of tho British
Columbia und Alborta Federations is
tho same, namely, onc delegate for
each hundred membera of majority
fraction thereof—and that will bc thc
bnsis of the representation for the
Western Conference.
'This circular letter is being sent
out for the purpose of acquainting the
membership with the steps already
taken to hold the Western Conference,
nnd to urge thc unions to prepare to
send delegates whon the convention
call shall be sont out. It wns at flrst
thought thc conference might be held
in January, 1919, but the influenza epidemic will probably cause a postponement.
"We would particularly urge tho
membership in British Columbia to
vote for the proposed change in the
convention city in order to ovoid thc
expense of two conventions.
'' The conclusion of tho wur has
made it imperative that the voice of
the more progressive sections of tho
Labor movement shall bc heard in no
uncertain terms on (ho questions of
reconstruction and aftor-lhe-war prob-
Urn*
"Prepare to send your full quoin <>f|
delegates when called upon to do so.
"On behalf of the committee, fraternally yours,
"V. B. MIDGLEY, Secretary."
Switchmen Unite
Buffalo, N.Y.—Officers of the Switchmen's Union report that locals have
been formed in the following places
during the last month: Benton Har.
bor and Grayling, Mich.; Sand Springs,
Okla.; Proctor, Minn.; Wichita Falls,
Tex., and Hutchinson, Kan.
Pay Big Benefits
Detroit, Mich.—During the past six
months the Amalgamated Association
of Street and Electric Railway Employees have paid (179,890.37 in death
benefits, $6,700 in disability benefit*
and $1,600 in old age benefits. During
this period 05 contracts have been renewed, 24 new contracts secured and
2,031 members enrolled. Officers of the
association state that tho membership
growth is unequalled in its history.
Victoria Unionists ana Soldiers
The returned soldiers as represented
by tho Great War Veterans in tho
Capital City have decided to throw in
their lot with the Victoria Trndes and
Lnbor Council, nnd will in future be
represented on thnt body. Tins is much
appreciated in labor circles in Victoria,
fhe lnbor men realizing that the soldiers und tho workors hnve much thnt
is in co.momii.
Dreaming of bj^one days
NOT so very long ago, the little pictures in Ihis
advertisement depicted tho weekly routine ot
this luisy housewife. But, doing n little thinking,
she saw where she could save Hour otherwise wasted
in the process ot home baking, eliminate a lot of
worry and have 15 Kxtra Leisure Hours for Every
5D-lb. Sack of Flour by using baker's bread,
LUtlKIMi around for a loaf up lo her highest
standard, she picked on SHELLY'S 4X Broad.
Who found it to be non-crumbling, moisture retaining, possessed ol* the richest of golden colored
crusts and whoatiost of flavors. Hubby enjoyed it
■ immensely. Now, her baking hours are "bygone
days." * PAGE POUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY November 22, 1018
Published every Friday morning by tb* B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
...Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7405
After fl p.m.: 3uy   7497K
-Subscription Kates: United States and
Foreign, $2.00 per yoar; Canada, $1.50
per year; in Vancouver City, $2.00 put
year; to Unions subscribing in a body,
11.25 per member por year.
"Unity of Labor:   tba Hope of the World'
FBIDAY Novembor  22,   1918
THE GENERAL assumption is, that
the war is over.    And we find that
thc chief concern of the different
nations   is   thut   much   talked-of,   but
much   misunderstood   thing,   ''trude.''
Boards     of     Trude,
WHAT IS whieh   are   composed
THIB of business men, and
"TRADE." whoso   name   would
indicato    that   they
understood trade, are very busy considering ways und means to expand their
operations.      Manufacturers    Associations are busy finding now markets for
thom to conquer, uow that the manufacture of munitions is no lunger to be
looked for, and consequently will not
bo a source of profit.   Tor let it be understood that if there had not been profit in it, tho manufacture of munitions
would not havo gono on.   Nay, it could
not, under tho prosent system havo gono
on.    Tho governments of tho different
nations are much concerned about tho
demobilization of the military forces,
at least those forcos that are not to bc
used in keeping order in thc countrios
that have freed themselves from their
former   rulors,     They  naturally  fear
that thero will not be entire satisfaction amongst the heroes of the war, unless they can secure some employment
on their return, and so thore is much
concorn as to what to do, in order that
thero may be peaee within thoir own
borders.    Another concern of the governments of the Allied countries, is the
maintaining of conditions in the enemy
countries, in order that thoy may collect tho indemnities that may bo imposed upon thom,    Bussia seems to bo
the Mecca of tho hopes, of both tho
Canadian and tho American manufac-
tur, and tho boards of trade in theso
countries.    There is, however, another
nation that has its eyes on the possibilities of great profits to be gained by
trado, and by the exploitation of thc
vast  mineral  and other resources  of
Bussia, and that nation is Japan.   And
Japanese manufacturers will no doubt
bc ut an advantage in this respect with
tho vast amount of cheap labor that
lies within easy reach of the land of
the rising sun,     So the evor-growing
problom of securing trado, is now con-
corning all the nations that have for
some time beon devoting thoir attention
to thc licking or thc Hun.
is a boon to thoso that are not playing
a part in it, because it is waste, and
relieves an overstocked lubor market.
That the murkots aro rapidly diminishing none can deny. The very day that
a modern capitalistic nation commences
to trade with u country that is not using up-to-date methods, that very day
sees the commencement of the destruction of the market for whieh it has so
earnestly striven to gain. Tho develop-
mont of capitalism means its own destruction, because of tho fact, that as it
develops, it reaches that point where it
cannot feed its slaves. That point is
right here now. Capitalism can no longor feed its Blaves, and it must, as ull
other systems have done, fall down
when it reaches that stago. The world
is in ferment. Tho seeking for markets
in Siberia and Bussia will not, can not,
stay tho day of the end of capitalism.
Trade will not bring a full measure of
lifo to the people. Tho abolition of-
trade and the system on which it is
based alone cun bring a renl existence
to thom. The tusk thut now lies be-
for© tho soldiers and tho workers that
have been busy making the world safe
for democracy, is the task of making
tho world a safe place to live in, and
until the workors take hold of the reins
arid ostablish an industrial democracy,
the world is nol u sufe placo to live in,
us a mattor of fact, the workors do not
live in it, but morely eke out a miserable existence. Fancy talking trade to
a bunch of hungry workors who are de
old land is not an impossibility. In
the meantime tho workers of Canada
ure looking forward with a deal of
misgiving to tho futuro, and their misgivings will bc realities if they do not
pretty soon realizo the situation as it
is.    And recognize thut the time hus
tako the human family uny further on
the path of progress,
bor's enemies by voting for or against
any particular old line political party.
The British movement does not, howover, believo in old time polities, but in
working class representation, and working class politics. Naturally men that
opposed to politieal action, would
upitalism   cannot   longer  think  the  movoment  that  recognized
IN THE month of September, 1917,
thoro left the city of Toronto to attend the Trades and Labor Congross
of Canada convention, oae named J. li.
Kennedy.     By some strange chain of
circumstances      this
AN ECHO gentleman was elect
or ed as fraternal dele-
OOMPEBS. gato to represent the
Congross at the British Trades Congress this year. His roport has just como to hand in tho report of the 34th annual convontion of
th-g Trudes and Labor Congress of Canada. On reading his report, we were
astounded to loam that the British
movement was not all that we had beon
led to believo it was, and that if things
uid not alter, that tho working men in
those countries would most likely find
themselves whoro thoy woro a quarter
of a century ago. He also states "that
he tried, at short range to observe, if
all the thiugs that wo havo boen told
about the advanced position the British
working men hold over the working mon
of America wore true."    He further
uied the opportunity to live, because J stutes that if this haB been true in tho
thoro is no profit in keeping thc wheels
of industry turning, for a class that
control the destinies of those that do
the producing.
The question of the payment of indemnities is onc that the different nations should approach with a deal of
caution. France should have some experience to guide her. For after the
Franco-Prussian war, when sho was
paying an indemnity to Germany, wo
flnd that sho prospered to a greator degree than ever before. While German
trade fell off to an alarming extent.
Bismarck could never understand this.
It was due to the fact that ho did not
understand economics. Thc reason was,
however, that indemnities cunnot be
paid oxcept by the wealth produced in
tho countrios that are paying them, and
so wc find that in order to pay her indemnities, Franco was manufacturing
and exporting commodities, while
Gormany wus getting the goods, and
her own workshops were idle. This
stato of affairs was good for thu financiers, but was bad from the viewpoint
of tho workors and of the manufacturers. In other words, the fato of Gormany, if the indemnities arc to be paid,
may be better than that of tho countries that are receiving them. This is
a point that those concerned with trade
hud better take a good look at beforc
they rush into troublo. Sir George
Foster said in Manchester in the year
191ti, that for many yours Grent Britain
had been too much concorned with
trado, and not sufficiently with production. Possibly this gentleman can enlighten the various boards of trade how
the paying of indemnities muy react on
those receiving them.
* *        *
However, we are not so much concerned as to who pays indemnities, or
who does not, as wo are concerned
about thc futuro of tho workers of tbis
eountry, and their future does uot lie iu
trade, or in tnuiiufneturing goods Ihut
may be traded. Trude in the last analysis is tho bartering of the goods or
wealth produced by lubor, and if that is
so, the interest of the workers in trade
should cease right thore. What, the
workers should be interested in, is how
'and when, their needs may bc supplied.
This ean never bo accomplished by tho
'sending of the goods that they hnve
Iproduted to other lands, or in the pro*
■Suction of wealth for side. Trade b
not curried on for the benefit of the
workers in uny country. Neither is
the production of comodities. Profit,
and that alone, is tho only reason for
tin- production of the necessities of life
in this glorious ago, when nutions measure their prosperity by the amount of
goods thut they export. Not by tho
amount or wenlth that is created and
consumed and enjoyed by those that
produce it, but by the amount thut is
taken away from them. The government is at this time providing for unemployment bureaus. But unemployment bureaus will not provide employ-
be none, unless thc production of commodities will produce profits for the employing class. Not a Binglo thing that
the governments can do, will mitigate
against tho laws of the system under
which society is today laboring. So
long ns goods are produced for profit,
and the markets of tho world aro diminishing, so long will thore be unemployment, and worso misery for the workers. Waste under capitalism is a blessing to the workors of the world.   War
THE SILENCE as to tho activities
of the Minority Socialists in Gormany still continues.    It  is true
that thoro has boon some mention in tho
press of what is termed tho Bolsheviki
element,   but   as   to
WHAT IS the    activities    of
IN THE Liebknecht,   and   his
FUTUBE. supporters, thero has
not boen any news.
Last week wo referred to the silonce of
the press on this element of tho Socialist movoment in Germany, and stated
that it was not thinkable, that it was
silent at a timo when tho working class
needed the best possible brains, nnd the
most virile men in the movement, or in
words to that effect. From the manifesto that haa boon issued in Germany
by tho Minority Socialists, and which
will be found in another column of
this issue, it will bo seen that Liebknecht and his followers have not been
die, but that, they huve been very
active. During the week a great deal
of distrust has been displayed by the
pross as to the presont government in
Germany. Fears have been expressed
us to the genuineness of thut government, or whatover the people stylo
themselves who aro running the affairs
in that laud., Thc fears have been expressed that it was a camouflage, and
that there wore schemes afoot to ro*
instate tho kaiser and the old regime. Beading tho manifesto and
the denunciation of the majority Socialists for their actions in
supporting tho war lords during the
past four years, it may be that tho
fears are not ungrounded. Turning
to tho book publishod in the year 1915
by Liebknecht, Bosa Luxemburg and
Franz Mohring, tho leaders of tho
minority Socialists, on the crisis of the
German Social domocracy, we find thut
tho writers take exactly tho same stand
us -is taken in tho manifesto towards
the majority Socialists, and that they
denounce the war as being engineered
by tho ruling class of Gormany in order to develop their markets and to
generally carry on the exploitation of
the workers, and that the majority Socialists were playing the gume of tho
ruling class in Germany in voting war
credits, etc. Much has been snid about
tho actions of the Socialists in Germany during the war, und especially
at the contemncement of the war. At
that time Liebknecht and a few followers stood pat and refused to be a party
to it in aay way, shape or form. They
refused to vote for the credits demanded by tho government, and the majority Socialists voted for the credits,
and us Liebknecht stuted, they let thc
old cry of country come before their
principles. We find, however, from information just to hand, that the executive of the Socinlist Party on July 25,
1914, issued a manifesto, and an appeal
to the workers of Germany, on behalf
of peace, calling the workers to enter
their protest against plunging the world
into war. This appeal, however, wuk
without avail. Under theso conditions
it would be unwise to take too much
satisfaction out of Ihe situation in Germany, ns the situation there can be
likened lo that of Buhs'iu when Kerensky was at the head of affairs, ln
other words, the presont moves seem
to be to offset the rising of the real
proletarian movement, and the establishment of the bourgeoise element in
the saddle. True it muy be that tho
junkers have boon disposed, but the
placing in Uie saddle of u hybrid class
who are neither one thing or the other
will novor bring ubout a real democracy in Germany. Liebknecht is
not silent in his own country, although
we muy not hour of his activities, and
the next few weeks may show developments that will disclose just how far the
working class of that country has boon
they aro fast falling bohind.
Giving his reasons for coming to theso
conclusions, he refers to tho London
railway strike, and the action of the
men in face of the attempts on tho part
of tho goneral secretary of the railway
mon's organization, to provent the
striko. He refers with evidont appreciation to the disgust of the Hon. Jas.
Thomas, who is tho official in question,
when the men in spito of his efforts,
struck; and states that the action of
the men proves his assertions.
He then goes on to criticize Mr. Ar
thur Henderson, tho leader of tho British Labor Party, who was fruternal
delegute from that organization, to thc
Congress, insinuating that he was trimming, and getting in on the band wagon, as he states, "It was surely rich
to hear Mr. Henderson go after Jean
Longuet, but Mr. Henderson had to do
somo acrobatic stunts to beat Longuet
to it." This criticism devoloped out of
tho attitude of Mr. Henderson at tho
Inter-Allied and Socialist conference,
at which gathering, J. H. Kennedy represented the workers of this country,
acting undor instructions from the executive of tho Canadian Congress. He
also refers to the representatives at this
conference as "so-called Labor leaders," and views with alarm the future
of the movement if a halt is not called
to them, and then ho goes on to say,
"that it is all becauso of politics."
Wo must confess that we had a momentary shock when we read his report,
that is, until we came to tho ond of Ins
report, and then wo gained frcBh hope
aud realized that the influenco of tho
Great Samuel on J. H. from the time
he met him in New York; and in view
of tho fact that they were colleagues;
no doubt during the stay in the old
land, was not likely to be such us would
enable him to seo anything outsido of
the A. F. of L. of which he stated "the
Canadian movement is an integral
part."
* *        •
Referring  to Samuel Gompers,  who
was a fraternal delegate, owing to the
original delegate elected for some reason not known, being unable to attend
to represent the A. F. of L., and who
addressed thc congress, he states,
next eame our illustrious and venerable friend, Mr. Samuel Gompers,"
and then says, "It is needless to say
how that old war horse acquitted himself," and that he was of the opinion
that the sentiments uttered by Mr.
Gompers and Mr. Bowen, aro the sentiments of thc Canadian Trades Congress." Now the part of the roport
thut gave us tho clue to the pessimism
of J. H. as to the British movement, is
contained in the last paragraphs, in
which he stuteB, "That it is doubtful,
had I not been fortunate enough to get
in toueh with these gentlemen, (referring to Gompers and Bowen) in New
York, whother or not tho Trades Congress would have been represented at
thc Derby convention;: us on my arrival
in Now York I could not get any satisfaction from the steamship companies
us to when I could leave for England."
This, of course, would have been a dire
disaster, and the Labor movement
would have suffered an irreparable loss.
* • *
There can be no doubt that the influence of Samuel of the A.. F. of L. was
at work as soon us he pounced upon J.
H., and naturally J. H. not being of as
large a calibre as Sam, the offect of his
company and ideas would have a rnther
bail effect. Evidently Mr. Gompers
does not think that tlie Labor movement in any country is as good us ins
own well managed movement; we nearly said machine, and cun understand J.
11. in following Mr. Oompers iu addressing the convention, being merely un
eeho, and that is practically what he
says. These ure his words, "But I can
say that I believe Mr. Gompors and Mr.
Bowen simplified my position, (why it
enlightened  by  the course of   events  needed simplifying We cannot see, it
during  the   pust   four yours.    In    the   appears simple enough), inasmuch us the
the power that the ruling class hold
useless, aud would in their ignorance
seo something that they did not understand, and so think, or rather say, that
the movement was going to tho bad.
Oh! the insufferable egotism of the Canadian representative in criticising men
of tho type of Henderson, and tho other
allied labor aud Socialist representatives
at the intor.alliod conferonco are referring to them as so-called labor leaders. What must thc movement in Great
Britain not havo loBt by not having had
the ability of J, H. Kennedy to nid it?
Arthur Henderson has held a position
in tho Imporial cabinet, and when ho
could not stay in the cabinot, and at
the same timo remain true to the workers, ho loft the cabinet position. Wo
wondor if J. H. could have made such
a personal sacrifice, and rather doubt
hiB ability to have seen the working
class intorests when they appeared, the
vision would be vory strungo, if even
he saw it, because he evidently has not
yot roalizod that the political movement is the only movement by which
the workers can free themsolves from
the present conditions under which they
suffer. With his keen powers of observation ,it is a wonder lhat J. H. has
not appeared to a greater extent in the
Canadian movement. So far as we
know, he docs not cut much ice back
East. He might be a big smoke in his
local union, but until he shakes off the
influenco of the A. F. of L. policies, he
will never cut much of a caper in tho
working class movemont in this
country. In any case the Canadian Congress is to be punished
for sending Kennody to Great Britain, as the old land iB sending another
of tho same type to us next year, in
the person of Ben Tillet of vaudeville
fame. It is very ovident that the British workers have a quiet sense of humor, and that in this way thoy express
their "appreciation" of the "uplifting" and ennobling work of J. H. Kennedy.
PATRIOTISM
Now that the war is over, the workers on the other side of the line are
getting busy on the Mooney ease. The
Seattle Metal Trades Council has wired
to the A. F. of L. und to thc old country, asking that a general strike be
called in the different countries, as a
protest against thc execution of
Mooney, who is no doubt tho victim of
a plot to get rid of him, and if possible to break up the organization of
the workers in the district in which ho
worked. From overy indication, and
from all the information that cun bc
secured, there is little doubt of the in.
hooonco of this labor official. The fact
that perjury took place at the triul
should at least be sufficient for a full
investigation into all the circumstances. The bomb outrage occurred
on the day of the preparedness parade,
and what more logical than that the
German agents did this in ordor to
cause unrest, und possibly a genoral
upheaval in labor rnnks. Nothing,
however, has yot transpired out of the
situation that has tied up industry, but
thnt it will not happen in the noar future
does not scorn certain. There are not
the same restraining influences as thoro
were while the war was going on, and
now the workers in the States are
realizing that democracy and freodom
at home mean just as much ns does democracy in Germany, and anothor story
may have to be written. That the
Canadian government is putting restrictions on the entry of matter dealing with the Mooney case is very evident by tho fact that matter mailed is
being returnod to tho senders, and it is
time that mail that does not contain
mutter that is banned by the censor,
should be left unmolested, and be allowed to be sent to its proper destinn-,
tion. If thiB is not bo it at least shows
that the government is afraid to show
its hand, und takes a subterranean
method of censorship, as well as the
ono that is giveu publicity. The war
is over. Surely wo are to have at least
a little liberty now.
Why a censorship at all, now that
thc war is over, unless there is some
reason thnt is not given out. Thero
may bo reasons for its continuance, but
nobody knows what they arc, except
those that realize that tho government
is not favorable to the working class
learning of any true democracy being
instituted. And thoy realizo why freodom of speech and press is not desired.
Now that the "flu" ban is lifted,
and public meetings aro allowed, there
is likely to be something doing In connection with the allowance of soldiers'
dependents. The pross has given out
that the patriotic fund allowances are
to be increased. This, with the allowance grunted by the government, will
not, however, come up to the needs and
wishes of tho dependents. The question of pensions for widows is another
matter that will receive some attention,
and judging from the activities of the
ladies this past week, Vancouver is
likely to see something break loose in
connection with the movement to get
better treatment for the women folks
who havo given freely to the winning
of the war. A committeo meeting is to
be hold on Friday evening, when plans
for the campaign will be perfected, and
it is expected that in the very near
future the delayed plans of the soldiers' dependents will be put into
effect.
meantime Lloyd George, as we predicted, has gono to the country for another lease of power, on the wave of
victory, and evidently expects that hu
will bo able to carry the country by
his makeshift reconstruction policy.
That his policy goes further than anything that has or will bo attempted in
Laundry Workers' Strike Fund.
The following amounts have been received by the Vancouver Trudes und
Labor Council towards the Laundry
Workers' strike1 fund during the past
week:
Previously acknowledged $8794,85
        " ...     70.00
this country goes without saying, but   Canadian Trades Congress, or that they
if the rumors are true that we hear,  are both one and hold the same views;
then the workers of the old land will _ in fact the tone of his report breathes
not bo fooled by his uplift programme,
for the workers will send men to the
'iitiments  uttered by them are I be
lieve, the sentiments of the Canadian
Congress.   And thon ho went on to tell j, \u \_  priucu Ruport
the convention that ho could reiterate  I, L. A. Auxiliary     100.00
und endorse the sentiments of "my" Plasterers  .'.      25.00
colleagues.    From this it will be seen  Gas Workers       20.00
that J. H. really believed that ho was  Deep Sea Fishermen       50.00
representing the A. F. of L. and not the ; ^I!!^.n!^l.d..CurI1()ntors      50'00
Houso of Commons who will undertake
reconstruction from the bottom up, and
not from the top down. Reconstruction
to the workers must mean more than
bettor housing and old age pensions; it
must mean a reconstruction of the en-
tiro systom, and thnt by the abolition
of production for profit. That Liebknecht may yet sign the peace treaty is
a possibility in Gormany, and that Henderson may be the next premier in the
A. F. of L. in every line, and is a Blob
boring grovel at the feet of the great
and only Samuel Gompers and hiB ideas.
It is a pity that Canada could not at
least have been represented by a man
who had some ideas of his own. His
references to the British movement being brought to destruction becnuse of
politics, is a sentiment that the arch
mogul of the A. F. of L. will endorse
every time, that is if it is working clnss
politics. Sam believes in rewarding
Labor's "friends," and punishing La-
Civic employees .!  100.00
Bakers   17.00
Teamsters   150.00
I. L. A., Prince Ruport  0.00
$9,382.85
Total 	
FRED. KNOWLES, Sec.-Treas.
Holders Union
The molders have demanded an increase in wages. Their domund is for
WKi per day of eight hours, and unless same is granted a strike will bo
called as they are not a party to the
Robertson agreemont. The striko Is
expected to tako place today.
A Nome lawyer addressing a jury in
a recent case took it upon himself in an
educational manner to correct the notion that sometimes appeared to prevail that patriotism was lovo of the
soil of the nation. Tho correction was
well mude, but it was with Rome astonishment ono heard him go further and
declare that true patriotism meant love
and veneration for the institutions of
thc nation.
That's mere nonsense. It is worso
than nonsense it is palpable error. It
is the old error that in another day wns
corrected by tho succinct assertion that
thc man was not mado for tho Sabbath,
but that tho Sabbath was made for
man.
Obviously patriotism ,the only patriotism worth whilo expressing in lovo
of country is lovo of ouo's follow citizens and whon tho human element is
left out of patriotism, then patriotism
boeomes simply a barrou paganism, a
literal idolatry that is aB dust to ashes
to tho eye and in tho broath.
Ho is tho best American who determines that America will be a land of
free, of happy and contented Americans; who will moreover determine with
heart and soul to alter or abolish any
single institution which will not bring
about u free, a happy and a contented
peoplo. Men only givo their life and
their labor rightly that men may be
freo uud happy, not that anything
which savors of authority bo maintained.
The consent of tho governed to the
govornment is tho keystone of Americanism. It was sueh a governmont
that tho revolutionary fathers strove to
establish on this earth. But such consent assuredly may be obtained by no
duress, A forced consent is no consent
at all. Whero it is forced, where it is
wrung from a disciplined people by tho
stern use of authority of any nature
whatever by the exercise of deterrent
punishments and by threats of such,
thoso who subject themselves to conditions of thiB kind naturally are not
freemen.
Men may only worship, vonorate or
esteem institutions as thoso institutions
automatically lend themselves to the
furtherance of human happiness and to
extend human welfare and it is essential that we understand that what is
meant by a freo country is that the
people thomselvoB bo freo men.
Merely becuuso institutions effectively preserve liborty, distribluto justico
and add to tho national happiness, is no
reason at all to believo that thoy cannot be improved upon, any more than
thc possibility is to be doubted that unless otornal vigilance is exorcised by
the people they muy do nono of these
things.
On the contrary it ia an historical
fact that human beings very often
were induced tu seo iu tho persons of
the priesthood who sacrificed to Him,
thc God head, and in the Temple whero
the sacrifice took place, tho divine presence. So a wholly erroneous conception went abroud and theacracy spread
the blight of its intolerant authority
throughout thc nations that it controlled.
To preserve patriotism, even the patriotism that stimulated the heroes of
the past to noble offorts, it is essential
that wo live in tho present and consider
the peoplo today. While certainly we
may venerate the memory of the dead
past which buried its doad, our duty is
essentially to the living poople and our
judgment of institutions must be affected by no veneration boeauBo of their
antiquity, but based upon the only true
test; their efficiency as wc have said in
preserving liborty, distributing oven an
impartial justico and adding always to
the uationul happiness. The people,
firat, last and all the time and thoir
happiness first, last and all the time,
must be the foundation of ull patriotism. If an institution in the nations
conserve, and furthers that happiness
well and good, if not, it is our duty as
well as our right to alter or abolish it.
—Nome Industrinl Worker.
Patronize B. C. Federationist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
_\
MINIMUM WAGE BOARD
Provinco of British OolnmbU
NOTICE
tt hereby flven thtt, pnranant to Chapter 66
of thto SUtutei of 1018, beinc tbe "Minimum Wig* Act," a public meeting will be
held tt the Court Houee, la the City of Vancouver, od Wednesday, November IB, 1018.
ftt 10 ft. Pi., for tbe purpoie of hearing any*
one Intereited In the establishment of a mini*
mum wage for women engaged la mercantile
occupations in the Provlnee of BritUh Columbia; tbat la to eajr, employment! In all places
where gooda are aold or exposed or offered
for aale, Including cigar itanda, fruit atandi,
news atandi, millinery establishments, drag
■tolas, book and stationery storei, bakery
end confectionery stores, produce houses,
dalrlee and machinery  supply  homes,  etc.,
•to
A cordial Invitation to be present Is extended to all those wbo desire to be heard
on the above question before a minimum
wage la determined.
MINIMUM WAGE BOARD FOR THE PRO
VINOE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.
J. D. McNIVEN, Chairman.
HELEN GRESORT  MACOILL.
THOMAS MATTHEWS.
Victoria, B. 0., Oct. 28, 1018.
CHANGE OF DATE
Owing to the continuance of the influenza epidemic and tho prohibition of
public gatherings, tho above meeting,
advertised for the 13th inst., has been
postponed until Wednesday, December
4tb, 1918, nt tho samo hour and place.
MINIMUM WAOE BOABD.
Shipyard Workers
ATTENTION
Aftor thst cold wet day when yoa
nre chilled to the bone you will want
a good hot bath and a warm house.
We have iuch a place near the
Klngsway carllno—a 6c fare.
This houso hai a tight roof.
It ia artistically decorated within
and freshly painted without.
It was built for the owner hlmielf,
so you could live In It five yuan and
get your inoni-y back. We could alwayi soil It for you.
The prico and  termi are right.
It has a large garden of fertile
soil and some fruit trees.
Thu ground slopes gently to the
east, affording drainags, so the base-
mont Is dry and healthy.
Thero ti elty water, sewerage connections, electrio light, bathroom and
toilet; a full basement with laundry
tubs and hot air furnace.
If Interested kindly call or phone
the undersigned.
Dow Fraser Trust Co.
Ut HASTINOS STBEET WEST
Phont Stymonr 9086
READY TO ENJOY
THE SOCIAL SEASON?
It promises to be "some season." Fighting has ceased; peace
si'CTtm imminent; the Loan went through with flying colors; and
the "flu" has flown.
Alrea-ly the demand for fine jewellery haB been stimulated,
especially diamond rings and solid gold rings for men. For that
coming gift wo advise early selection. Oor windows contain
somo tiurprisingly  flne Christmas gifts.
Store will be open tomorrow
evening—we invite you to look
around at our various displays,
oeo. e. teoeet. Mm. du. oranvlll, and oeorgu «,,
—sate tods Horar—
STAB! A BANS ACOOUn a
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't atow away your spare auk la
any old eorner when lt fa ln danger
from burglars or flre.
The Merohants Bank of Canada offers yon perfset safety for tobi
money, and will give yoa full banking
aervice, whether yonr aeeonnt ia large
or email.
Intereat allowed  ou savings  daps-
O. K. 8TAOBT, Hanagar
QruTilla ud Panda?
W. O. JOT. Hanagar
Hastings ud Oarrall
nroORPOEATBD 1IM
Bank of Toronto
  $84,000,009
 68,000,000
Deposit* 	
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Aeooant may be
opened at The Bank of Toronto
In the names of two or mare
persons. In theie accounts eltkar
party mar ilgn eheqnei or deposit
money, wot tie -different membera of
a family or a Arm a Joint -aeooant le
often a great eonvenlenee. Interest la
paid on balanoee.
Vancouver   Branch:
Oorner Hastlnga and Gamble Straata
Branohei at:
Victoria,   Herrltt,   Hew  Waitmlnitat
Dentistry!
Ormi BHdfM ul miu-**.
mate tta urn. iludt u yon ov.
attual tutu.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Opea craning, 7:30 to S-flft.
Dad*.-*! none in -tltendtnoe.
DOB.   OBAHTILXiB   ABD   BOBaon
STBBETS
Owr Owl Drag Iton
P&om Sij. HSS
—WE—
Buy and Sell
Victory Bonds
Pbone Bond Dept     Ser. 1424
JOSEPH F. MORRIS
363  PBNDEB  STBEET WEST
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrica
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
To membera of any anion In Canada a
apeeial rate for The Federationist, 91.15
per year—if a olub of 10 or more la aent ln.
'The Home Behind th* Ooodl"
TEA
solves your Tea
problems.
"Is Delicious in the Cup"
CANADA,FOOD BOAED
License No. 6—642
Liconso No. 3—163
THE W. H. MALKIN CO., LTD.
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
• At the J. N. Harvey Union Olothing Store*
1910   Eighth Anniversary    1918
Sale of Clothing Hats
and Furnishings
This will be your chanco to save some money on your winter outSt.
WATCH   THE   THURSDAY   EVENING AND SUNDAY MOBNINO
PAPERS POR LIST OF PRICES.
/
MPffiffi
TWO UNION STORES
WB MEN IN B. a
^^■va
125-127 Hastings St. W.
Alio 614416 Yatei 81, Vietoria, B.0.
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign	 FBIDAT..
...Novembor 22, 1918
The American Clothes Shop
SALE
All Men's Overcoats
In this offering you will find thc Ideal Light Weight
Coats—the semi-shape fitting back Coats—the popular,
roomy style coat with Raglan shoulders and patch pockets—
this season's popular single-breasted, full-belted style, with
slash pookets and pinch back—the swagger Half-Belted—
and the always popular Full Box Back, with close-fitting,
self collar, set-in sleeves and slash pockets.
All wool materials in every color. Regular value $35.00,
speeial at
$25.00
EVERY OVERCOAT IN THE STORE ON
SALE AT A REDUCTION OF $10
T. B. Andrews
53 HASTINGS WEST
Successor to Dicks Ltd. New Store
Notary Public
A.  W.  WHITAKER
439 Richards Street
BONDS
If yon are coaslderlng the pnrehaaa
fir sale of Governmsnt or Municipal
bonds enmmanleata with
P4TBI0K   DOWTBLLT
730 QranfiUa St. Vanco-mr. 1. f.
The Practical Shoe Men
Wood & Son
187 Hastings Street East
(Opposite Carnegie Library)
Reliable Union flhoea for the
whole family, at worsen'
prices.
Ten per eent off to la-tuned
Boldta.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PROPERTY AND CREDITS
TO BE OARED FOR
Preparing Lists of Claims Arising Ont
of War AgalnBt Enemy
Countries
OTTAWA—The government has directed tho preparation of further lists
of claims arising out of tho war:
1. Proporty, credits, securities or
claims in Canada of enemy governments
or enemy subjects, showing their nature
and how thoy aro now held and whether
vested in tho custodian or not.
2. Property, credits, securities or
claims of Canadians held in tho enemy
country, with a statoment, if possible,
whether any disposition of tho property
or securities has boen made by the enemy governmont, or whother tho property has been dealt with in any way.
3. Property, credits, securities or
claims of Canadians in the Bussian em.
pire, (including Finland) as it stood on
the 1st of August, 1914, or claims
against tho Bussian government, revolutionary or otherwise, and also claims
against any person, -firm or company, or
against any local authority in Bussian
torritory. Particulars and instructions
for tho filing of claims may be obtained
with respect to the first two clauses,
from James B. Forsyth, accountant, department of finance, and with rospect
to tho third from Thomas Mulvey, undor seeretary of state.
Tho filing of any claim does not imply an undertaking on the part of the
Canadian government to put it forward,
or any assurance that, if put forward,
it will bo satisfied. Nevertheless, claims
should bo sent in as speedily as possible, so that the government may be furnished with such information as will
enable it to take action on behalf of
Canadians having claims in enemy or
Bussian territory.
DEM) ITSELF
MANIFESTO ISSUED BY
MINORITY SOCIALISTS
(Continued from Page One.)
tho world yourselves! Now that thoy
have lost all hopo of conquests they are
willing to mako peace with the rest of
tho world so that thoy can subdue you
once more. Turn the defeat of our armies under our masters to a decisive
victory for the German workingmen.
Think quickly and act at once; thero is
no time to lose. Do not permit the
world to recognize your mastors as your
truo representatives.
Have you not suffered enough! Have
you not dared death and torture f
Why fear anything! If you shed for
your own liberty one-thousandth part
of tho blood you so freely Bhed on the
battloliold for your masters, you will
win tho immortal victory, not only for
yourselves and your fellowmen, but
evon for tho wholo world.
More than 5,000,000 Germans foil on
the bloody battlofiold for our Panger-
man imperialists. The sacrifice of no
moro than 1000 Germans can now win
lasting freedom for our land. Then
comrades, rise and strike the last blow
for freedom and civilization I
And in order that our revolution shall
not degonerate to that of the Russian
blood-pool, we, tho committoe of tho revolutionary Socialists of Gormany,
mako thoso suggestions to all the true
Socialists throughout Germany.
Learn True Comrades
Ascertain at once how many true So.
cialists there are in your company or
regiment. Attack tho quarters of your
officers; disarm thom at once. Make
sure that your otficors aro in sympathy
with you. If so, permit yourselves to
bo led by them. Shoot them ut once in
case thoy betray you after having professed to bc partisans of your cause.
.Do not kill your fellow soldiers who
only disagree with you if thoy do not
take the side of tho government; thoy
may bo actuated through fear. After
thoroughly disarming them and making
sure that they are no longer dangerous
to the cause of tho revolution ^organize
yourelves at oneo and report your numbers immediately to thc central committoe and await instructions, mean*
time seize all food and munition depots
in your neighborhood.
Bo not destroy or set firo to depots:
containing food or other wearing mate-
rials. It is permissible to set fire to
barracks and other munition depots if
they are so situated that the fires starting from these places could not spread
to othor localities, resulting in damage
to materials other than arms and munitions. It should be kept in mind that
tho setting firo to barracks and munition depots should be resorted to aftor
attempts to capture them for tho revolution fails.
The temporary seizures of such buildings docs not, howover, moan that thoy
will remain in our hands. In case such
.seizures uro made the government parti-
/ans or officers must bo detained in
these buildings and guarded as hostages. An attack later by the loyal government troops should occasion a firm
threat to sot firo to sueh buildings held.
Seize Your Ships
Sailors and mariners! Fraternize!
Seize your ships. First ovorcome your
officers. Communicate at onee with your
comrades on shore and in corporation
with them subdue ports, nnd harbor authorities, and if necessary, open fire on
loyal groups. In extreme eases it* is advantageous to open firo on cities where
are stationed numerous government
troops. Howover, such firing must be
stopped at once when thc object is attained. The immediate nnd general
laying wasto of all unmistakable military buildings, like forts and submarine
barbers, is not only permissible, but
even essential. Sabotage ou fighting
diips—if their seizure is not possible—
s also essential. When mutiny on
board a fighting ship is found a failure,
the ship's water compartments and valves may be opened.
Workingmen in munition factories!
You are tho solo mastors of tho situation! Stop work nt once. From Ibis
moment you are only making bullets to
be used against yourselves and against,
your own kind. Tho bullets you nre
now making will never reach the firing
front. They nre being made by your
own hands to be aimed at you. Stop
making bayonets that will be thrust
into your own bowels by the servants
of the government. Rise, organize, and
seize thc arms and direct them against
those who nre planning to end the war
and in return to enslave you. End the
war yourselves and turn the weupons
against them yourselves.
Never again will you bow your neck
to theso rulers.
Down with the Kaiser, and down with
thoso from whom ho derives hi." power
to rulo yuu.
Down with the capitalist Pangernmn
imperialists.
Down with the government as It Is
today.
Down with tho cowardly Reichstag
that has betrayed you theso last four
years.
Down with thc cowardly Kaiser-Socialists and lying politicians.
Workers Are Better Pre
pared for Future
Events
The Kerensky outfit in Germany is
on top. The Minority Socialist faction
is moving under its feot. The ground
is felt to bo unsafe even for tho
Majority Socialists, and chaos is feared.
However one may disagree with tho
Majority Socialists, or Bolshoviki, as
they are termed. It has to bo admitted that they are conscious of their
aim. They have an object, an end, towards which they move with all the
forco they can command. The other
parties are in a fog, they are confused.
, Tho Revolutionary Socialists, whether
in Siberia, European, Bussian Finland
or elsewhere, lack neither resolution
nor courage. The man who has nover
studied sociology must bo in a bewildered state of mind owing to tho
fact tbat ho has no knowledge of the
fundamental causo of these great
changes that havo como upon us, and
we can understand why many people
fly to religion for consolation, thinking as thoy do that an angry and outraged Doity is wreaking vengeance on
a wicked world. What is happening
is tho result of the economic collapse of
the system under which we live, together with the teaching of the Radicals and Socialists during the past
fifty years. The man in the street who
has listened to soap-box orators and
attended Socialist lectures, is not surprised at what is taking place—he expected it long ago. The sb.called educated section of society is the most
puzzled of all. It is incapable of comprehending the naturo of the forces at
work because itB education has not
been education but dope.
There are hundreds of working men
in B. C. who havo given every hour of
their spare time to tho study of social
problems. Tho knowledge they possess
makes it absolutely impossible for them
to be deceived by tho master class.
The censorship during the war has
never interfered in the least with their
lines of .communication, becauso thoy
were fully aware all the time tho war
wub on of what other working men iu
the various countries who had been
trained along the sumo lines us themselves wero thinking, and attempting
to accomplish.
The muster class deceived itself far
more than it deceived its exploiting
material, becauso it foil a victim to
the teachings of thoso it hired to discredit the works of the teachers of the
working class.
The co-operative commonwealth was
a dream incapablo of realization.* Socialism would bring this, that or the
othor calamity. The result Ib that now
tho maBter class iB more ignorant than
the working claas, and its efforts to explain the situation aro about as fantastic as tho attempts of a daughter of
the Empire to look after a longshoreman 's family whon tho lattor 'a wife is
down with the 'flu.
Tho master class does not know anything that is of any real value to
society, and its hirelings in tho political world aro on their last legs owing
to the fact that the slave is moro in
tune with the real situation and has a
better grasp of conditions than is the
case with tho political prostitute.
Lloyd Georgo is ready to take the
stump and try and satisfy the demands
of the working class of Britain with
wind. A hired press and a huge campaign fund obtained by selling titles
to those who have been successful in
making fortunes out of tho war, aro
part and parcel of bis stock-in-trade,
he may be returned, but conditions will
muke him dance to labor's tune, and
his reign will be .very, very short.
There is one thing the master class
must do to retain powor, and that is to
mako it possible for the working class
to continuo to exist. Under capitalism it cannot do this. Conditions are
bound to get steadily worso. Tho
world revolution is not coming—it is
hore. Suppression will only make
things worse. Every country on tho
planot is moving iu the same direction. The march of tho proletariat is
not a dream but a reality. Today it
is Gormany, tomorrow Holland, and
shortly everywhere.
What docs it all meant say the bewildered politicians. It means the
death of the old social order and tho
birth of the new. It Is impossible to
retard or impede its advance, and woe
botido that country that is controlled
by a government that would prevent
the social forces from working themselves out.
Let us consciously strive to establish
the new social order. It is much easier
to do than to retain the old. Every
working man should realize his sacred
duty to his cluss and voto accordiugly.
The emancipation of the Inborer means
far more than many of us nt present
realize. It means thc birth of manhood. The birth of womanhood—it
inns the lifting of the humnn family
clean out of the animal kingdom—it
means the birth of humanity, the creation of man.
The traveller standing amid the
ruins of ancient cities and empires,
seeing on every side the fallen cellar
and prostrato wall, asks, Why did theso
cities fallf Why did theso empires
crumble! And the ghost of tho past,
tho wisdom of ages, answers: These
temples, these palaces, these cities, the
ruins of which you stand upon, were
built by tyranny and injustice. The
hands that bore tho burdens also bore
tho marks of the lash. They were built
by slaves to satisfy the vanity and
ambition of thieves and robbers. For
theso roasons thoy are dust.
Their civilization was a lie. Their
laws merely regulated robbery and established theft. They bought and sold
the bodies and souls of mon, and the
mournful wind of desolation, sighing
amid their crumbling ruins, is a voice
of prophotic warning to those who
would repeat the infamous experiment,
uttering the great truth: that no nation founded upon slavery either of
body or mind can stand.
Whou I take into consideration tho
agony of civilized life, the failure, tho
poverty, the anxiety, the tears, the
withered hopes, tho bitter realities, the
hunger, the crime, the humiliation and
the shame, I am almost forced to say'
that cannibalism after all is the most
merciful form of which man ever lived
upon his fellow men. It is impossible
for a man with a good heart to bo
satisfied with this world as it is now.
No man can truly enjoy even what ho
knows to be hiB own, knowing that
millions of his fellow mon are in misery and want. When we think of tho
famished we feel that it is almost heartless to eat; almost ashamed to be well
dressed and warm. Ono feels as though
his heart was as cold as thoir bodios.
Iu a country filled with millions and
millions of acres of land waiting to be
tilled, whero one man can raise tho food
for hundreds, millions are on the edgo
of famine. Who can comprehend tho
stupidity at the bottom of tho truth!
Is thero to be no change! Is the law
of supply, invention and scionce, monopoly and competition, capital and legislation, always to be the enemies of
thoso who toil!
Will the workers always be ignorant and stupid enough to give their
earnings for the useless! . . . Will
they always build temples for ghosts
and phantoms, and live in huts and
dons for themselves! Will the lips
unstained by lies, forever kiss the robed
impostor's hand! Will they finally say
that the man who has had equal privileges with all othors, has no right to
complain, or will thoy follow tho example of their oppressors! Will they
learn that force to succeed must have
thought behind it, and that thought
must rest upon the cornerstone of justice!—Bobert G. Ingersoll.
Bolsheviki Overthrown in Ukraine
Boports havo reached Washington, D.
C, that thc ovorthrow of the Bolshevik
regime in thc Ukraine and the capture
of. Kiov by Cossack troops friendly to
tho All-Russian government, as reported from Copenhagen, opens the way, in
the opinion of officers, for important developments in Bussia. Becent reports
from London have been taken by some
observers hero to indicate that Great
Britain may propose the Bending of additional troops into Bussia to place the
country on a stable footing and eliminate the Bolsheviki. It was said, however, that no definite word as to this
has been recoived in Washington.
PAGE FIVE
J. F. BURNS
Leather Goods Store
Ladles' Hand Bags a Specialty
AU Kinds of High Orade
Travelling Goods
019 OBANVILLE STBBBT
Phone Bey. 2114   Vancouver, B.O.
ASK FOR RELEASE OF
POLITICAL PRISONERS
Pacific  Coast  Metal Trades  Ask  for
Freedom   of   the
Workers
At the meeting of the Pacific Coast
Metal Trades District Council held last
wook in Seattle a resolution was passed
urging the release of all political prisoners who havo boon imprisoned during
the wur. The District Council represents Somo 160,000 shipyard and kindred trudes workers. The resolution
was proposed by J. A, Taylor, president
of tho Seattle Metal Trades Council,
and passed by the resolutions committee, and finally ndopted by the meeting
without dissent. The resolution is
framed for the purpose of asking for
the release of all those that have been
imprisoned for tlieir activities in the
interests of the workers, and it not intended to apply to interned alien enemies who have conspired to obstruct the
nation 's wnr activities.
What's in a Name?
Tt natnm Oa wort "Otpkna"
•wui ttt but ta tin woiM—w Tu
OOUTO ttt
Orpheum Cafe
moui Of hut utlai place la town;
mnilo ud dudnf la tha mains.
Drop In any tin*. Blunt uMlea
bouH In Vucoanr.
768  OaANYILLE       Opp. Ofpbsaa
LImum No. 10-1758
••"TIB   said   Hair   and   Brains
1   don't mix!
The brainy men must predominate.
To use Fletcher's Eureka, a
marvellous lotion and hair grower, would contradict this statement!
It's a safe vegetable compound.
Offlce 407 St. Helen's Hotel
1161  Granville Street
ORPHEUM
^THEATRE11
PLAYING ORPHEUM CIRCUIT VAUDEVILLE
Matinee 2:30
Evening! 8:20
A TEDLT OBEAT PLAT
Purine tin- wur, llu* Kiiij-ri-NK managi-im-nt
refrained from presont Ing any play thftt had
any boarlnjc on the wnr, hut now that it is
■>ve,- thoy litvo M'li-rti-d a phenomenal play
-ntitlcil, "Tho Man Thoy Loft lli>hln<l."
whlcd Iihh created a mil herniation throuKli-
out America. Not n t.hot Ir flred in this
dramatic maiterplece, and although it contains a remark a ble cx)h>hii nn -Herman kit ret
service methods, il*. luteruntInK story in no
oat of the ordinary that the audienoo In kept
on the qiilvive from beginning to end. Ray
Cellini will he featured In, "Tho Man Thoy
Left Behind," nnd will he soon In ono of
the greatont chant-item that Iibk been written
Into a modern play* The entire enmpuny
will bo >eon In Its big cant,
EMPRESS THEATRE
WEEK OF NOV. 25
A    Phenomenal    Military    Play
"THE MAN THEY
LEFT BEHIND"
Featuring BAT COLLINS
OKDEE   YOUB   SEATS   NOW
Prlcea 15c, 35c and We
PANTAGES
** NEXT WEEK
"HERE COMES EVAI"
IIAl'l'Y JACK GARDNER
Otbfr Bl< rutarti
THERE ARE OTHERS
Wc know there are those who
will promise you anything; whose
stock, according to themselves, is
wool, wool, nothing bnt wool;
who 11 make any statements to
effect a sale, quite irrespective of
facts. We say we know there are
such firms. That's all. If wa
make a promise or a statement,
and you ask us for our guarantee, well give it you—in writing. If we say a fabric is all
wool, rest assured it Ib bo; if we
tell you eortain goods are fast
dyed and won't go off color, or
are double shrunk or treble
shrunk, and will keep their
shape indefinitely, you can absolutely depend on what we say.
We oan sell you
SUITS
at $30, 435 and up to $60 and $70,
and give yon values that no
other tailoring firm ean, but we
think and claim that our men's
SUITS at $37.50 are, for their
price, the greatest value in tho
city, and we know that no other
house can equal them under $45.
custom SUIT PSIOBS
moHESt        "EN'S from _
GRADE WOMEN'S from
UNION
Throughout
Each Semi-ready Suit must
possess these four attributes to give satisfaction
PIT: The coat has the right "set" and
"hang," and conforms to the lines
of the figure.
STYLE: As much in how the design
suits YOU rather than in any speeial
design; for it must be the right style
for the individual who wears it.
QUALITY: This applies to the cloth and
the design, the finer weaves, the better tailoring, the general atmosphere
thrown out by the suit.
VALUE: Price does not fix value; but
Semi-ready value always fixes the
price; the price label in the pocket
iB based on the exact cost of the
wool and workmanship.
Every Semi-ready Garment must repay in satisfaction the
money you pay for it.
Thomas & McBain
655 Granville Street
Vancouver, B. C.
It's Not What
You Pay—
—but what you GET for what
you pay, that counts most when
you arc buying shoes.
"GOODWIN'S GOOD
SHOES"
have stood the test for ten years,
and aro today the most widely
known and popular shoes in this
city. You never see them on a bargain table. They arc not that kind
of shoes.
GOODWIN SHOE CO.
110 HASTINGS STREET EAST
Shoes for the Whole Family
BiS Dollar Day Bargains
IN UNTRIMMED HATS $1.00 to $1.98
All Trimmed and Untrimmed Huts
Greatly Reduced
632 OBANVILLE STREET
♦     J.
OOME  tm  SEE
FOB    YOURSELF
Vancouver Lumber Co., Ltd.
South End Connaught Bridge
Fir, Cedar and Spruce Lumber of All Kinds PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY November ti, 1M8
Dry Feet When
Rubbers Are
Left Behind
SUBSTANTIAL shoes, built throughout to dofy tho constant wot and
slush of the streots, was the object in viow when WilsonB' Dry Feet
Specials were designed. And, it has proved effective. Dry feot—
doctors toll you, is yoar best insurance against colds, grippe and pneumonia. A pair of Wilsons' Drv Feet Shoes will cost you considerably
less than a doctor's bill will amount to; and, when you possess them,
you'll also be wearing shoos that excel in wearing qualities and comfort.
Dry Feet Special, $9
In mahogany and brown, full
doublo Bole, with rawhide Inner
and Yisoollied enter solo. Lined
with waterproof duck, and having a half-hollows tongue roncbing
to loops. Tho shape being of tho
favorite, round too, comfort design. In Black Leather Lined—
same aB above, style aame SQ
as brown          '
Wilsons' Speeial, $8
Shoes that will prove thoir worth,
measuring up to the sorvico tost.
In mahogany colorod calf, bluchor
design, with hoavy inter-sole, high
too and military heel. This shoe
has mado a big "hit," and making moro frionds overy day.
Also with Neolin $8
Solo  -        T
WILSONS'
BEGAL
SHOES
»7.6o to $12.60     Exclusive Men's Store
157-159 Hastings St. W.
Near Gamble Btreet
BEGAL
SHOES
$7.60 to $12.50
10 PER CENT. PREMIUM
ON VICTORY BONDS
—I will take Victory Bonds in payment for dental work and
allow you 10 per cent, over par for the securities.
Work dono under this offer will bo based on my regular schedule of charges—the lowest price at which it is possible to uso
the best materials and do proper work.
Let mc examine your teeth—advise you—give you an estimate
of thc cost of necessary work.
X-BIT fllnu takut If BM-H-
i»ry;   ten-yaar   -pttruteei
fifUL
PHOVB SBT. S381
Examinations   nude   on
phont appolntmmti.
Dr. Brett Anderson
drown ind Bridge IpwUUft
002 Hastings Btreet Weat, Cor. Beymour
Office open Tuesday Bnd Friday Evenings until 8 o'Clock
Superior
Printing
AT MODERATE
PRICES
Telephone:
Sey. 7495
LABOR TEMPLE
'The FEDERATIONIST
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation for
SUPERIOR PRINTING
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Look at the Measure—Then at the Bread
YOU'LL sc* one srii-l-iHtcd mOARUro with ftlmoHt twice an much ut
a "spongo" as thi* oilier,    ln the foreground—two loaves with a
corresponding difference in size.    Thin, for tho roason that though
the same quality of flour was used ln the test, ono flour contained more
gluten than tho other.
Is tested ln this way every day. Our cham*
lsts not only examine thc wheat, upon Its
arrival, for percentage of gluten, but actually
mill flour and hake bread in our laboratory
before It is o.k.'d as equal to the standard
set for this, our famous grade of flour.
This Is one of the ways Royal Standard Flour
Is kept the quickest rising, easiest handled,
best base with use with war substitutes,
flivo il a trial. Milled In Hritish Columbia,
Hold by all grocers.
.Vancouver Milling & Grain Co. &L»^Sf.
MAIN OFFICE AND MILLS -VANCOUVER    / "M STMMWfl A
Brandies-Victoria- Nanatmo-NewWestininster-Mission Ciry
SINGLE TAX WILL
Taxation of Any Kind Is
Not a Solution of the
Trouble
Working Class Problem Is
Rooted in Wage
Slavery
Tho problems that will of necessity
arise from tho result of the cessation
of the manufacture of munitions aro
causing a good deal of concern to many
peoplo those days. Thoro aro all Wndfi
of people in tho world who mean good,
but don't know that thoy are wandering in thc wilderness of ignorance
of the system of socioty under which
wo are living. There aro many who
think that friction betwoen capital and
labor can be eliminated, and thoro aro
others who think that all that ts necessary to be done is to tax tho landlord
out of existence and all will bo well.
Keedy 's Mirror, dealing with wages
and prices after tho war, says:
"Clearly the thing to do is to reduce
tho cost of production. How can that
bc done? Wo have tried to do it by
invention, by improvement in tho
methods of production. John Stuart
Mill said it was doubtful if all the inventions in mechanism had lightened
tho burden of any human being. .Honry
George proved that as woalth is increased by invention, wages aro relatively decreased. And this is so, as
'Land Values' makes plain, 'becauso
the owners of one factor of production
—land—aro ablo to blackmail tho owners of thc other factor—labor; and
therefore tlio added technique of tho
workor mainly benefits the parasitic interests which control thc natural re*
sources which labor must utilize Indeed, not only do tbo landed interests
fatten on tho earnings of the presont,
they forestall the earnings of thc future;
and, thc price of land advancing in
proportion to what it is anticipated
may ono day be mado from it, it is held
idle until that day arrives. Tho work,
ers, consequently restricted to a narrower area, struggle with ono anothor
for tho opportunity to engage in work*
ing such natural resources as are available; and, liko tho penned-up herd of
cattle in Tolstoy's parable, force one
anothor deeper and deeper into the
mire.' Tho problem then is to increaso
production and nt the same time reduce the cost of production. This can
only be done by making available to
labor all tho available natural resources now held out of uso on speculation. Those resources can only be made
available by taxing the land so as to
compel its use by thoso who hold it st
that it will yield its utonist produce
There is no olher way of increasing
production ami at the snme time increasing tho number of jobs, lt would
make for morp jobs than men seeking
thom. This would make for good
wages. And cheapened production,
with the landlord's toll done away
with, would prevent increase of prices
fo eat up good wages. This is the only
way of keeping lip wages and Ihe cost
of living down. No other proposnl of
economics comes anywhere near touching the problem. The farmer and tho
proletarian may vote down tho proposal to increase wages and decrease
the cost of living by taxing tho landlord out of his hold-up place betwoen
the worker and the land, but some day
thoso misguided folk will find out that
there's a difference between lund and
land value, and that most of the land
valuo is held untaxed by people who
nro not land users. Unless this
method of dealing with thc problem of
social and economic reconstruction is
adopted hi all countries there will be
hell to pay and no pitch hot, in no long
time after the wur. For in the matter
of wages nnd cost of living is the
germ of Revolution, which we can only
avoid by taxing the landlord ont of
existence."
The fallacies in the above must be
apparent to all students of economics,
but there are still a largo number of
people who are of the opinion that the
troubles of the working cluss can be
solved by tho single-tax routo. Somo
years ugu the writer wus at a meeting
at whicli Mr. Fels, of single-tax and
soap fame, held forth, and listened to
his exposition of the single.tax programme. And the futility of thc whole
thing wus so a parent that a question
was nsked of Mr. Fels. It was as follows: "Mr. Fels, do you not think Hint
in view of the Tact that the machinery
of production is ns necessary as the
laud, thnt the machinery necessary Io
I lie production of wealth should, as well
as the land, he controlled and owned
by Ihe producing class?" Mr. Fels replied: "I am not talking about machinery." That is true, and he knew,
if he knew anything, that his profits
were not coming from the land, bill
from the slaves thai were producing
soap in his fuctory by thc use nf that
machinery.
Now there are many who think that
Ihe lot of the workers would be better
off if ningle-tax was put into effoct,
but there are many other thinks that
need some little attention before the
path of the worker will be strewn with
roses.
Single-tax does not, neither can it
ever, remove the evils that the workers suffer from. Thc evils of present
duy society arc dee to the fact that the
worker is robbed at the point of production, no matter whether it bo on tho
land,or in the factory; aad in so far as
land is a part of the means of production, it must come under the control of those who toil before that robbery  ean be stopped.
And for anyone to think that there
can over be pence botwoen capital and
labor is sheer nonsense. Peaco between the robbed and the robber! It
is not natural. Two directly opposing
interests must of necessity caiiBO friction and strife, and as the system de-
velopes, with nn ever lessening murket
for the disposition of tho wealth
swiped from the wealth producers, the
friction and the trouble will become
more and more acute, until either fhe
system breaks down of its own top-
heaviness, or t he workers themselves
take the mutter in their own hnnds und
free themselves.
The pnssnge in the above article
wliich reads: "The problem then is to
increase production and decrease fhe
cost of production," is ono o" the most
BOYS1 ANO GIRLS'CORNER
THE FIGHT WITH THE MACHINE
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
Ono of tho oldpoots usod to picture
tho golden age that wns about to duwn
when water would do the work that
then took so much of man's timo and
effort. Tho water fairies would turn
tho wheels whilo men slept. I wonder
what this poot would have thought
could ho have known that ono day men
would invent wonderful machinery that
would do almost any kind of human
work, and that they could harness water or stoam or electricity to this machinery and have those strong and untiring sorvants to do tho work. Why
suroly mon could havo a picnic all day
long, and evory body would be very
happy.
Tet as a matter of fact, perhaps,
never bofore in England did tho working pooplo havo a harder timo than
after machinery came into use. It
seemed as if it was just like tho old
fable in which a vory wiso man waB
ablo to make a groat and wonderful
monster which ungratefully turned
around and grabbed up tho man who
had made him.
The machine eould work day and
night, and work very fnst, so it could
produce moro goods thnn tho man who
worked with his hands. These factory
goods could be sold cheaper than handmade goods. That meant that all over
England little homo workshops wore
shut up, and men had to leave home
and go to look for a job. Whoro could
they flnd one? Only in the factories
where men wero needed to run tho machines.
So people crowded into tho cities-
crowded into unsanitary houses whore
many of them took sick and diod. In tho
country there was plenty of room and
fresh air and sunlight and good food,
and people can't live without those
things uny moro than a plant can live
in a box of sand in a dark cellar.
Then they had to work very long
hours, Even machines need a rest to
eool down, and be clcanod and aired.
But tho machines can work longer than
moil can. Tho employers didn't think
or care about this so long as they could
get men. So they kopt men working almost day and night.
The employers didn't pay big wuges,
either, because thousands of men came
Hocking to the factories from all over
the country, and wero glad to get a job
at a few cents a day.
But that was not tho worst. In the
hand workshops it took a mon with
skill and good muscles to do work. In
the factories much of tho work was
light and unskilled. It was simply doing some littlo thing about a machine.
Women could do the work as woll as
men. So when the father could not
cam enough to keep tho family, the
mother went to the factory too. But
don't you see that where many women
did that, there was still less work for
tho men.
Then what? Even the children went
to work and .of course this only made
things worso ns thoy were throwing
their fathers out of work.
Richard Onlstun— a man who tried
hard to help the people, has described
the conditions which existed:
"I will tell you whnt I have seen.
Take n little female captive, six or
seven years old; she shall rise from
her bed at four in the morning of a cold
win tor day, but before she rises, she
wakens perhaps half a dozen times, and
says. 'Father, is it time? Father, is it
time?' and at last, when sho gets up,
and puis her little bits of rags upon her
weary limbs, weary yet with the lust
day's work, she leaves hor parents in
Iheir bod, for their labor (if thoy have
any) is not required so early. She
trudges alone through rain and snow
and mire and darkness lo thc mill, nnd
there for thirteen, fourteen, sixteen or
oven eighteen hours is she obliged to
work, with only thirty minutes interval
for meals, when she was uble, but mnny
a time she hid herself in the wool of
the mill, ns sho had not strength to go.
i\nd if she woro one moment, behind
Ihe  appointed  time,  if  the  bell  had
used to ring when she arrived with
Irembliag, shivering, weary limbs at
Ihe factory door, there stood a monster
iu human form, and as sho passed he
lashed her. This," he continued, holding up on overworker's strap, "is no
Action. It was hard ut work in this
town last wi'ek. The girl 1 am speaking of died; but sho dragged out that
dreadful existence for several years."
—(Gibbins English Social Reformer.)
What.-did the men do? When- they
became desperate, they smashed the
machines. They thought of the happy
days in the home workshipH in the country villages and Ihey thought thut if
they could only get rid of Ihis dreadful
competitor—this iron slave that worked
day und nighl and ate nothing—they
could go buck lo the quiet life again.
So they attacked the machines.
We see now lhat this was only foolish. The workers got themselves locked
up in jail. The employers put in new
machinery and the work went on. After
nil the machines were really doing good
work. They wero helping to make the
elotllOB and other things lhat
people needed. Who then was Hi blame?
Ami where was the trouble? And what
should the men have done? And what
are we doing today? I'm going to
leave these qneslions for you lo think
about.
Further, I'll suggest a few more
questions for you to ask your fathers
and mothers about. In our day, men
have  discovered  how  to  build  np  big
senseless things that wus ever penned
in connection with working clnss
problems. The workers ure all tho
timo unemployed, unless there is a war
to waste tt iarge proportion of the
wealth produced—because of the fact
that they have produced too much. In
other words, thoy havo produced more
than can be disposed of in the markets
of the  world.
The eost of production of commodities mutters not to the workers. If it
costs ten dollara per day to live, then
the worker must have that much
when he is working in order to re.
produce his labor power. Cost of
necessities is nothing to tbe workers-r-
the only thing that matters to thom is
Ihe ownership of the means of wealth
production, whethor they be land or
machinery. Once thut. is solved the
question of greater or lesser production will bo one that is easily solved.
One thing is sure, taxation of land
values, or nny other kind of taxation,
will not solve the working class problem, that can be solved only, when
wnge slavery, and all the ills that
peoplo are trying to eliminate that
arise from that system, are swept aside
by the new formof society thnt is now
being given birth to, nnd which will be
based on the common ownership of thc
means of life, aad the establishment of
an industrial democracy.
Former Employee of District Attorney Fickert
Gets His Freedom
A former employee of District Attorney Fickert and the German government has just beon lot out of prison.
His name is C. C. Crowloy. Ho completed a two-year term in the federal
penitentiary for his complicity in a
German programme of arson, dynamiting and murder arranged by the German consulate at San Francisco.
Crowloy was in tho employ of Fickert
and the German governmont at tho
same time.
Fickort is the man who by the use
of Oxman and others of his kind sent
Tom Mooney to his death cell.
While Crowley was destroying ally
supplies and ammunition throughout
tho Unitod States and Canada, he pretended he was investigating tho illicit
drug traffic for Fickert. Fickort addressed a letter "to tho officers and
officials of the Unitod States and
Canada," saying that Crowloy was
employed by him to investigate tho
drug traffic. Crowloy carried this
letter with him, roady to show to any
officer who caught him at his work
for the German government.
Crowloy is now in Son Francisco
working to have himself restored to
citizenship. In this he is said to havo
the'backing of the men who put Tpm
Mooney in a death coll for a crime
which many believe was planned and
carried out by tho samo German officials who hired C. C. Crowley to go
through the United States and Canada,
bombing trains, ships and warehouses
holding supplies for the Allies.
The crime for which Tom Mooney is
in a death cell was an anti-prepared-
ness crimo.
The crime for which C. C. Crowley
served a term in a federal prison olong
with the German consul of San Francisco were also anti-preparedness
crimos.
As thc bomb was exploded on Pre.
parodnoss Day in San Francisco to prevent us from getting into shape to
oppose tho kaiaer's droum of world
domination, so tho bombing done by 0.
C. Crowley was for tho purposo of preventing the Allies from preparing to
meet the new drives of the kaiser's
armies in Europe.
Tho San Francisco bomb and tho
other bombs benefitod nobody but Ihe
German government und its agents, C.
C. Crowley, Franz Bopp, Lieutenant
vou Brinken and the reBt.
Tom Mooney is still in prison. His
onemios aro boosting that orgunized
labor is forgetting about him, that tho
government will wash its hands of his
ease with the close of the war, and
that William D. Stephens, the reactionary governor of California, will
order Mooney hanged by*tho neck until dead as soon as the existing reprieve is at an end.—Chicago Labor
News.
Motorman Was "Greon"
New York.—At the investigation of
the cause of Ihe disaster on the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company's lines,
wliich killed and injured nearly 200
passengers, a company Official testified
t hut t he motorman who handled the
train received only tivo and one-half
hours' instruction. The train was in
churge of thc "green" motorman, following a strike because the company refused to accept an award of the national war labor board reinstating 29
unionists.
Organize Union Pacific
Salt Lake City.—Railroad shop men
employed by the Union Pacific Rnil-
roud will convene in this city Decern,
ber 0 for the purpose of organizing a
system federation affiliated with the
railway employees' department A. F.
of L.
Can't Eject Ship Workers
Seattle.—Judge Hall of the superior
court has ruled that no ship yard worker can be ejected from tho houso he
lives in until he has hnd an opportunity to present his case to the government fair rents commission.
Compensation Award
Hurrisburg, Pa.—A miner who hurts
himself in an effort to shut off thc current from a mining machine, whon a
cablu slips, in order to prevent an accident or replace a part of the appliance, is held to be entitled to compensation by the stnte compensation board.
The board rules thai this is "an untoward 'event which is not to be expected,"
Why the People Come
to Spencer's for
Sweater Coats
Just because we have the Coats that are so very scarce, but as
much wanted as every they were. We also have a broader
selection and a larger stock than any other store in the city.
And, finally, our Coats are high values. Here are a few of them:
J12.60—Jumbo knit pure Engliah Wool Cbatj "Prido of tho WeBt" m»»-
ufacturo; no better eoat at any priee; heaviest weight.
$9.75—Cloao-knit; a warm, hoavy weight coat that will prove wonderfully
serviceable.
$7.76—"Pride of tho WeBt" Coatj medium weight; pure wool; a very
satisfactory garmont.
$6.50—Pure wool coat; medium weight; exceptionally good value.
W.7B—"Prido of tho WeBt" Coat, light weight; puro wool; closo knit
for hard wear,   This iB last year's coat at last year's price.
$3.96—Well finished Coat in clean, tight worstod yarn; cardigan kait;
will give splondid wear.
Tho abovo Coats have roll eollar and are horo in colors mon require.
Lobs expensive Coata at $2.96 and $3.60.
—Mob 's Store, Main Floor
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
URGE FEDERAL LAW
ON CHILD LABOR
Proposed to Place Tax on Products of
Children
To abolish the child labor ovil tho
A. F. of L. and other organizations
aud individuals are urging tho passing
of a federal law that will placo a tax
on tho products of child labor. Tho
attorney-general, secrotary of tho treasury and the secretary of Labor shall
constitute a board to make rulos and
regulations for thc valuing of such
articles und commodities for tho purpose of the tax and for carryiug out
tho provisions of tho proposed law.
In order to prevent, fraud upon the
revenue by ovuding tho tax the secretary of Lubor or any person authorized by him, shall have authority to
enter and inspect at any time any
mine, quarry, mill, factory or other
manufacturing  establishment.
Friends of this proposed legislation
believo it will remove objections raised by the United States supreme court
when it, invalidated the federal child
labor law. In tlmt case the court held
that congress can not prohibit the interstate commerce transportation of a
thing not intrinsically evil, as lottery
tickets, etc., and that the commerce
power of congress is one of regulation
and that exclusion of a thing harmless per se goes beyond regulation.
Opponents of child labor are acting
on the assumption that while tlie United States supreme coure has denied
congress the right to prohibit the interstate transportation of child labor products, the right to regumtc suoh products has been conceded. The plan
now is to impose a tax on these products and maofc them decidedly unprofitable.
It haB been suggested that the pro
posed act bo attached as a "rider" to
tho big war rovenuo bill, which has
passed tho House, and is now pending
in/the senate.
UNFIT MANHOOD
Only One in Three Grade 1.
Following Mr. Lloyd George's statement at Manchester that "you cannot
maintain an Al Empire with a C 3 population,1 ' the British Modical Journal
publishes figures showing that out of
2,080,709 men examined by medical
boards between January and August
lats, only one in three wus Grade 1.
'The men examined," says tho journal, "constituted a fair sample of tho
male population between the ages of
18 and 43 und a smaller proportion of
the more fit betwoen 43 and 51.
"Too little food, too long hours of
work, too littlo frosh air, too little
play, too little comfort in tho home,
are evidently tho chief factors concerned in producing, this mass of physical inefficiency and direct loss to the
country."
Abolish Sunday Work
Washington.—At a conferonco attended by the secretary of tho navy,
secrotary of war and the chairman of
the shipping bonrd, it wnB decided, in
view of the urmisr-iec, to issuo immediate directions to eut out all Sunday
work and overtimo in government construction and in governmont-ownod or
controlled plants' and plants producing
war supplies.
Stove Mounters Gain
.Philadelphia.—The Stovo Mounters'
Union No. G has rnisod wages 40 per
eent. iu basic prieeB, with the day
rate advanced to $5 a day. Working
conditions are uIbo improved.
business machines. Instead of each
shopkeeper running his own littlo Btore,
they aro establishing great; departmental stores, and the little storekeepers
an* being forced to shut up their shops.
As instead of tuch meat seller buying
cows or sheep or pigs from tho farmer
ami killing them and then selling them
lo us, there has been built up a great
meat packing trust that has already
"frozen" most little butchers out of
business. How should wo fight these
big machines?
Or again, wo are building up an international trude organization. Foreign
labor and foreign goods are taking our
jobs and driving us out of business.
Should we fight tho Chinaman or is
there someone else to blame f Should
we build up a Chinese tariff wall or is
there another way out of our difficulties, i
But to return to the fight with the
iron machine. Partly through tho workers joining together and forcing the. employers to do something; partly becauso
the employors began to seo that after
all cheap labor didn't really pay; and
partly through the efforts of kind-
hearted justice-loving men who pointed
out to tho people that such conditions
were a disgraco to any country, parliament mado laws that did away with
some of thc worst evils. Factories and
living places wero made more healthful,
hours were shortened and littlo children
wero not allowed to go to work, but instead sent to school.
But the fight is still on. Although
all sorts of wonderful machines are at
work, many men are out of jobs; many
have not enough to cat or to wenr;
many work long hours; many work iu
dangerous and unhealthy places; more
women aro at work outside their homes
thau over before. And right here in
British Columbia littlo children arc allowed to work in factories. What aro
we going to do about itf
R  "The Home af Good Shoes"
HMRDSONS
W m. 649 Hastings, w.   near
Granville.
=SALE=
MEN'S BOOTS
ALL MEN'S
VALUES TO $10 AT $7
This offering includes the long recede toe with broad heel ii
square shank tlint gives just thcdnsli and go sought hy Ihe well-
dressed young man. Then there is tlie straight last (or thoso men
ol conservutive Insto mid, of course, the always popular raised
swing too for the man who enjoys solid comfort. There arc blacks,
tuns and browns; Neolin or loathor soles. Materials arc good
quality calf, kid or kangaroo.
SOLID
LEATHER WORK BOOT
Grob's solid leather work boot, whicli is sold for $« or ,$7 in every
store in thc city nnd represents exceptional value at (hr AA
that prico.   Our sale priee wO.Uv
REGULAR
$10
SALE PRICE
$7 omoui tana rimna
lurai ub labob ooraon,
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
TENTH YEAR.   No. 47
TEN PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 22,  1918
MR. CIGAR SMOKER !
—EBMEMBBE THAT—
UNION BLUE LABEL CIGARS
—ABB   MADE   UNDEB—
Sanitary Conditions and First-Class Workmanship
issued by Mtnofilyorua Clgv lidnleis* inwrtmnathemolmetici.
tnoulyot the cigar *
Union-made Cigars.
iWifll. lMlMC*wi^!»iNfIinihi(tail««l»">^ty*tiBttelN«
'"w^HMEnilin£milOlHlUI(0lldtatia.inmtoJtidMtithUitiI1
MOW.MATlBWljndiNUlUtlWlWUARtOFrHrCflAfr   ThtfttoWtKOMM
zxz
9. W. (/bdkktf, ftotirknt,
* CM I Uot
____9_m_-
LOOK FOB THIS BLUB LABBL ON THB BOX
Cigarmakers Lockout and Strike
REMEMBER — Tuckett's "Club Special," "Marguerite,"
"Preferred," also "La Preferenoia," "Carabana," "Promoter" and other Cigars.
00 NOT BEAR OUR BLUE UNION LABEL
Ciganuakors Joint Advisory Board
FimIi Oat Flown, Funeral Dwlgns, Welling Bonvuta, Pot Planta, Jr-
namental anl Shale Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Smlrlea
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS ADD NTTBSEBYMEN .   .
2—STOEES—2
M Haattngi Street Eaat, Bey. 98M78 — 728 Granville Btreet, ley. 9611
Canadian Northern Railway
TBANSOONTINBNTAL
Lowest Possible Passenger Fares
—to—
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DISTBIOT PA8BENOEB AOENT, 60S HA8TIN08 W., VANOODVBB
Telephone Sermonr 8*82
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try onr Pea Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
macdonald-Marpole Co
Phone
Seumour''
ZIO
Phone
'Seumour
zio
1001 MAIN STREET
10 Sub. Cards
Good for ons y-M-r'i tabteriptlM to Tbo B.
G. Fodontionlit, will bo Bftllod to w>7 td-
dreia io Canada for 113.60. (Oood M/where
outtlde of VoDOOUTer elty.) Order tea today,    ('emit when told.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 186B
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up	
Reserve and Undivided Profits...
Total A ssets	
$ 25,000,000
...$ 14,000,000
...$ 15,000,000
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518 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and British West
Indies,
Also branches in London, England, New York Oity and Barcelona, Spain,
Twelve branches in Vancouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Comer Granville and Seventh Avenue West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street,
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 other point*
in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION OIVEN TO SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
One dollar opens an aeeonnt, on whloh interec   ie paid half-yearly at
current rates.
THOS. PEACOCK,     ♦
Manager Vucouver Branch
O. W. FBAZEE, Vaneoaver,
SaMrrlier fn b.0.
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law WiU Allow
We Deserve Trada Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St West, or 622 Pender West
THE DANGERS OF
E
The Only Class That Can
Solve Difficulties Is
the Workers
[By Walter Head]
Tho dangers of peace are becoming
moro apparent day by day. A few short
days ago, hostilities were in full awing
and cries wero heard everywhere about
the shortage of labor, but those crios
momentarily subsided since the cessation of hostilities.
Whether tho shortage of labor was as
acuto^ as advertised, is a very debatable
question, that said shortage doos not
exist at the present moment is so apparent that it is placed beyond tho
realmB of debate. During the war, the
duties of tho individual to tho state
were forcibly impressed upon all and
sundry, and ordera-in-eouncil galore
wore passed having for their obpoct tho
marshalling of the forces of Labor for
service to the state.
The days of orders-in-council apparently have passed, presumably because
it is up to the state to perform its duty
to the individual, a duty that said state
is manifestly incapable of performing.
The returned soldiers are being given
vocational training, in order to got
them to take their places in industry,
but the quostion arises, whero are they
going to bo placed when trained. In
othor words, the man is being fitted for
the job, but tho job is not being provided for the man, who is being trained
to take it. So now, Mr. State, what
are you going to do about it? It is
true that tho banking interests are
busying themselvos upon the matter of
establishing branches of their banks in
Siberia, etc. Boards of Trade, Manufacturers Associations and similar ruling class institutions are devising ways
and means of establishing industries
that can be run at a "profit." Of
course these industries must bo run at
a profit. In other words, somebody has
got to get something for nothing, and
yet we are told that the systom of production for profit must go.
The system of production will nevor
be reBolutod out of existence, and the
class who aro benefitting by the beautiful system will nevor legislate it out of
existence. Thoy aro not crazy enough
for that. They may try to patch it up
in order to securo their cushioned scat
upon tho backs of the workers. The
only class that can speed the system
of production for profit upon its downward path, is tho class that is Buffering
under the Bystem.
That iB the historic mission of the
working cluss, and whethor the working
class of Canada and the United Statos
uro in possession of an organization
capable of carrying out thoir part in
the revolution that is taking place in
the world today is a vital question. If
the working class organizations on this
continent aro not strong enough, and
the sectional nature of the labor movemont on this continent would lead ono
to form that conclusion, why cannot
a more efficient form of organization bo
evolved? All that ia necessary is thot
craft lines be abolished, and with tho
abolition of craft lines will como thn
realization of our identity of intcrosts
as workers, and tho elimination of all
petty jurisdictional disputes.
The workors of other countries have
already started to tako progressive
steps, and of course, arc being accused
of being Bolsheviki Anarchists and
several other things, but whatever olso
thc Bolsheviki have done, judging by
the way they have boon imitated, thoy
certainly must have taken the right
step in forming workmen's and soldiors
councils. So far, Canada has not progressed far along these lines, although
the business interests have tried hard
to form capitalist and soldiers councils
with very littlo success, for the returned soldier realizes that ho hns nothing
in common with the ruling class and
according to present indications, is only
waiting for an opportunity to line himself up with the rest of the workers in
order to bring about a solution of their
common problomB.
That there aro problems to bo faced
is made apparent by the widely divergent opinions that are expressod in tho
press from time to time. The editorial
brain-stormers seem to bo up a tree.
In onc issuo of tho Vancouver World
of recent date, there appeared two articles one predicting prosperity and tho
other hard times. One article, in speaking of the homo coming of tho soldiers,
said, "Aro wo going to bring thom
homo to shift for themselves, or aro wo
going to bring them home to a prosperous country, humming with enterprise
and industry—a country with work ami
opportunity for all." Now we have an
opportunity to reward them by bringing them home to a land of prosperity
and opportunity, In another article
headed, '' Must Prepare for Hard
Times," it is suggested that tho present
Dominion police be greatly enlarged in
ordor to deal with the menace thnt
threatens the very basis of Cnnnda's
social and political existence.
This article concludes with the following words of wisdom:
"It is folt that in tho coming yenr or
two when employment is likely to bo-
come scarce, and a fiold created for agitation and revolutionary propaganda,
tho need will be great for firm measures to guard the public safety. Government measures along the linos indicated may be oxpectod shortly.''
How does this look compared with
tho first article? "Are we going to
bring them home to a land of prosperity
and opportunity?" Yon bet we are if
wo can give the mnjority of them a job
in tho propoaed notice forco. No, Mr.
Vancouver World, you've got another
guess coming, and well may you head
your editorials "The Menace of Revolution," "Bolshevism Spreads Over
Europe," etc.
The brightest star in the firmament
today is the star of discontent, for it
has boon well said that "discontent is
tho mother of progress," and out of the
rising tide of discontent, progress will
surely take place, hence the squeals
about increasing the Dominion police,
to ho used to assist the jobless workors.
Tho apologists for the capitalist system
no doubt realize that the workors only
begin to think when their moal ticket
is endangered, and that happy climax
is right hero now.   There is no noed to
ait a yenr or two.   Men aro already
taking jobs and failing to flnd thom.
Thero is no shortage of labor around
tho city of Vnncouver any way, nnd
EVIDENTLY ALL IS
NOT AS PICTURED
Business Being Curled on As Usual
Says Manager of Insurance
Oompany
Don't believe all the blood-curdling
stories that you read about Bussia. Carl
F. Sturhan, manager of the Bussia Insurance Company, in New York Oity,
has received a, letter from an assistant
manager in Petrograd, dated at Copenhagen. He says that the officials have
remained the same and the investments of the company have been undisturbed. He said that relations with
the Central Soviet in Petrograd were
agreeable and enclosed a summary of
the new insurance laws, which, Mr.
Sturban said, were quite just. He said
that rentals wore coming In with regularity. Mr. Sturban said that the reported anarchy and insurrection
throughout Bussia iB largely exaggerated. Large sums such aB $25,000 at
a time have beon received by the London office from the Petrograd headquarters without difficulty. Mr. Sturban said tnat he bolieved the Bussian
government was on a far more stable
basis than a year ago. Mr. Sturban remarked that the disturbances in Bussia
had been more or less confined to certain sections. "For instance," he
said, "tho Moscow branch of our company is almost as large as that in Petrograd, and financially it is practically separate. Moreover, there has been
very little disturbance in Moscow and
in some parts of Eussia the changes of
tfie past 18 months have passed by
practically unnoticed."—Cloveland Citizen.
A
OF
Al I MINERS
Nanaimo Convention Pass
Resolutions Asking
for Changes
At the minors' convention held last
woek in the city of Nanaimo, tho following resolutions were adopted and
submitted to the Workmen's Compensation Act Board, and to the B. C. Federation of Labor:
Besolution No. 1
Whereas, owing to tho increased cost
of living and the fact that benefits paid
thoso injured in tho regular course of
thoir employment—by tho Compensation Board—remaining static, we, tho
representatives of the employees working in tho various minos operated on
Vancouver Island, in convention assembled, aro of tho opinion that the present rate paid those who from injuries
recoived aro unable to follow their employment, is insufficient to purchase the
abaoluto necessities of life for themselveB and their dependents; therefore,
bo it resolved, that we, the represents
tivs of tho employees in convontion assembled it Nanaimo, B. C, Novembor
12, 1918, request that the Compensation Board sot an incrcaso averago rate
of $0.50 to be paid those who through
injury received whilo employed in or
around the mines arc unable to follow
thoir regular course of employment.
This not to apply to Asiatics.
Besolution No. 2
Whereas, tho authority of the Compensation Board as nt presont constituted, ia all powerful, their decisions
unassailable nnd final, and whereas,
this deprives applicants for compenaation who havo been refuaed tho financial assistance prescribed in tho Workmen's Compensation Act for injuries
received while going to or from their
regular place of employment from
further apcal; therefore, bo it resolved,
that the minors of Vancouvor Island,
convention assembled, protest
against the autocratic power vestod in
three individuals which deprives employeos who have boon injured and
who have boon rofuscd the benefits proscribed for them in thn abovo net, from
appealing the decision rendered by
them to a higher tribunal for consideration.
Resolution No. 3
With regard to the groat dissatisfaction and unjustnoss in the caso of dependents whereby parents havo raised
a son to the ago of manhood and unfortunately through following his employment he moots with n fatal accidont tho parents are entitled to no
compensation.
Therefore, bo it resolved that wo, tho
representatives of tho miners on Van-
ouver Islnnd, in convention assembled,
request thnt all fatal accidents be fully
compensated.
The Usual Tactics of Union
Busters Are Again
Used Here
Another chapter of plutocratic infamy haB just been written in Butte,
Mont., a vassal city of the Copper
Trust, where workers are herded like
cattle and brutalized in a barbarous
manner in order that the Junker owners of the combine, who live in New
York and Boston for the most part,
may revel in Btill more millions of loot.
Having driven out by splitting and inciting into unauthorized strikes the
Western Federation of Miners (n?w
the Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers'
International Union) some six years
ago, the Copper Trust, operating
through a corps of slimy spies and alleged detectives, has absolutely eon-
trolled the labor situation in Bntte and
other Montana copper centres; The
most unbearable conditions have been
imposed upon the copper workers, whose
conditions is likened to that, of the
serfs of the Middle Ages, and every effort to secure some combined aetion to
obtain a redress of grievances is
squelched at the outset. Thus legitimate attempts have been made lately
to form a bona fide organization to
deal with industrial matters in a businesslike manner. One Kelly, a trust
henchman, had gone to Washington and
piously acclaimed that he would appreciate a legitimate organization of
miners, and the workers imagined he
was sincero in posing as a man who still
pOBBossed some humane instincts. But
in tho meanwhile tho Copper Trust's
spies, in order to forestall a legitimate
union and to create public prejudice
und to cause the workers to quarrel and
fight among themselves, formed an
I. W. W. local, composed of a number
of honest and sincere miners along with
a bunch of crooks, two of whom, B. Y.
Thorp and H. L. Shirley, were in the
employ of tho Thiel and Pinkerton de-
tcctivo agencies, one acting as socretary and tho other frequently as chairman of the "union." At the proper
time these worthies framed up a
strike, issued a circular to all miners
to walk out and incited some of their
dupes to commit acts of lawlessness,
with tho result that a company guard
shot a man. Then a reign of terror
was inaugurated by tho truBt-ownod
doily papers and political papsuckers,
scores of men boing thrown into prison
where they wore suspected of having
union sympathies, and a genoral. uproar among the gangsters that the
strikers were pro-Germans, attempting
to interfere with war production, etc.,
was continued for several days until
the resistance, of the miners was again
broken and they returned to their
shambles discouraged and pessimistic
toward any and all forms of organization. Tho Copper Trust managers endeavored to compel Foderal District
Attorney Wheeler to begin wholesale
proceedings against minors who quit
work, but that official knew tho gang
of highbinders and refused to comply
with the domand, for which he is boing bitterly assailed in the prostitute
press. Tho Daily Bulletin, owned by
Butto workors, exposed tho whole dirty
mess, every member connoctod with
tho paper having boon thrown info
jail during thc roundup that wbb ordered by the trust politicians and police,
and thc fight is really only beginning.
Tho Bulletin is laying down a barrage
against tho trust trenches that is making the copper kaiserites squirm. It
shows, for instance, that Shirley, onc
of the trust's chiof sneaks, travelled
under tho alias of Qosslos and during
a recent Btrike of electricians endeavored to got somo of the men to dynamite
transformers and other machinery, and
other exposures are to follow.
A REITERATION OF
POLICIES ASKED FOR
still somo industries nro working their
employees 12 und .13 houis a tiny, notably among them being the Graham
Evaporator at Eburne, and vnrious isolated plants that are oporating 24 hours
a day, seven days a woek, with two
men relieving one another, the dny men
working 11 hours nnd the night mnn 13.
The provincial governmont. hns promised nn eight-hour day at the termination of the war, a measure of this nature will no doubt provide work for a
few extra men ,and inasmuch ns government by order-in-council is thc order
of the day, thoro is nothing whatever
against thc provincinl government passing an order-in-councll inaugurating
an eight-hour day forthwith, and if this
dnesn 't fill the bill, mnko the day shorter still. This suggestion is given free
gratis, and possibly may, if carried out,
be tho means of postponing the evil
day. However, tho producers of Canndn
may, ere long, hnve somothing to sny
nlong tho linos of reconstructing society
and they mny not be content, to lenve
this matter in the hands nf the banking
intorests, Boards of Trnde, etc., nnd the
sooner thoy take this stop, the better it
will be for all concornod, nnd suffering
will be avoided. The ruling class nre
beginning to ta\h about using the club
and if tho workers prepare the wny,
the policeman 's Icub will not hnve to be
used.
In connection with this mntter, it is
refreshing to lenrn thnt the threat of
forco, ns Usual cmes from I lie side nf
the ruling class, and said ruling clnss
would do well to boar in mind thnt
when the common peoplo have used
force, it hns only been used ngainst iin-
othor opposing force thnt has been used
ngninst thom.
Government Does Not Live Up to Its
Own Provision for Women
Workers
Washington.—A roitoration by Secretary Baker of tho war department's
policies as to tho right of workers to
organize, equal pay for equal work by
women, and night work by womon, wns
nskod for the other dny by a committee
representing the Nntionnl Women 'fl
Trado Union League, the National Federation of Federal Employees, and tho
International Association of Machinists. Thoso organizations, the committeo stated, represent probably the largest organized groups of workors om
ployed by the wnr department. They
ask for a reiteration of policies becnuse of report oil intimidation of
workers, especially in arsenals und munition plants, by army officers hostile
to labor organizations,, and tho failure
of such officers tn nm In tain the government labor standards on the other two
points ulso.
The committee was received by
Major F. W. Tully, nf the secretary s
office, Secroary Baker himself being
too much engaged with military affairs
to receive them in person. The statement of thc committeo, which Major
Tully advised them would be laid before tho secretary, is as follows:
"We realize that the governmont hns
announced polieios covering these
points. Wc nsk for a statement from
the Secrotary of War at this time, however, because we havo reason to believe
that the government's standards are
not maintained in tho government;'s
pwil establishments, especially the
arsenals and munition planla. Our organizers ure constantly reporting interference with organization and intimidation of the workers by officers in
charge nf the plants whoso management
is hostile to organized labor. Wo are
informed that tin- principlo of equal
pny fnr equal work Is constantly ov'ttd-
od or juggled sn that the women workers receive less than tho men who now
dn or who formerly did tho samo or
corresponding work; and we understand thnt at the Rock Islnnd ursennl
plans nre now under wuy for the establishment of ten-hour night shifts to
employ somo 2,000 womon."
"We believe Unit a roitoration of
the department 's policies at this time
will serve to prevent further,violation
of the vital principles we nro interested in,"
$1.60 PER TEAS
Northern Special
BLUE LABEL
Overalls
As a wearer of Overalls, we
know you'll be interested in onr
"Northern Speeial" Blue Label
for
—It's the Roomiest Overall on the
market.
—It ia two inches higher in the
waist-band than any other overall made.
—It is the only overall having a
eontinuous fly and side-piece.
—And it will easily cover any
stook garment of comparative
waist measure.
It has been made to our own
specification and combines every
good point that an overall should
possess. Every man who puts a
pair on, acclaims it the best-fitting
Overall he ever bought.
The material used is "before the war" quality bine, blaok,
or stifel stripe denim; almost unripable and immensely serviceable; guaranteed to outwear any similar garment of same cost.
It's a money-saver, and a wonderful satisfaction giver.
Made by Union Labor for Union Men.
Come in and examine it.
PER PAIR, $2.50
Men's Overall Department, Street Floor
ALWAYS DEMAND THE BLUE LABEL
Panada Food Board Licenses 51482, 8-14590,10*4485,11-183 |
MOhpBudsonsBQuCompany.
Granville and Georgia Streets
^OODS
BOOT SHOP
319 HASTINGS ST. W.
Dollar Day
Specials
Men's Dress Shoes—In dark tan calf, with leather
and fibre soles; in laced and Blucher cut styles; medium and wide toes, (union stamp, 26)      .*»/■» ^ m
Regular $8.00 and $8.50 JpD.yO
Visit our Economy Basement for the best values in
Men's Work Boots and Children's School Boots
Solid leather Work Boots $4.95
Leckie's Work Boots $5.95
Boys' Steelike School Boots, 1 to 5 $3.45
Youths' Steelike School Boots, 11 to 13 $2.95
OOWAN   &   BROOKHOUSK
PUMTEES   AHD   PUBLISHERS
rrtnUri to Tb* rtdontlonlit
Tfc*   F.d.ratliiiil.1   I.   prodnfi.i   from
<Mt   ao4.rn   nowtpopor   print'-***   pl-.nl
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Oppoilto Uttor TobiIo
VAMOOUVBS. I. O.
~-Hoodinirttn for Ubor ll...
Hot«t—7to uil |1 0O oor «.,
14.00 per Wf.k ind a-*..
Ott. M liuoniMo Bilu
J
ONE OF THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be produced by
using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
is produoed from the highest grade materials procurable^
Cascade is a UNION produot from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT.  November tf, IMS
Smax Bread
EVEBT IAMB A UAOK
"SMAX"-an ideal bread
for the household
Phone Fairmont
UNION MADE
THE WOMEN'S
Cakes and Pastry
' ARE WHOLESOME, NUTRITIOUS AND
UNION MADE
0
PHONE FAIRMONT 8000
Bterettjp***—H. Langham, 1784—47th Avenue Eut.
8toae«tten—Alex. Diff, Bn 1047.
Street Railway Employeea—Fred. A. Boom,
oorner Main ud Prior streets. Phoae
exchange 807. 6000; residence, Fair. 641ft.
Structural Iroa Worker*—Boy Maaa*—
Room SOS, Labor Temple.
Tailora—W. W. Hoeken, P.O. Boi 60S.
Teuuten Ud Ohauffeura, No. 066—AST Homer itreet, B. Showier.
Telegraphers—W. D. Brine, P.O. Bos 483.
Theatric*! Federation—Boom 804-806, Lobor
Temple.
Theatric*! Stage Employees—W. J. Port,
21S6 Orant Street.
Tilelayen ud Helper*—A. Jamleaon. 640
Twenty-third avenue ooal.
Trade* ud Labor Council—Victor ft. Mldr
ley, Boon S10, Labor Tomplo,
Typographical Union—H. Neoluda, Box SS.
Warehousemen! aaioclatlon—A. ft. Robert-
■on, 687 Homer atreet.
Upbolaterera and Trimmer*—W. 8. Watt,
1408 McLean  Drive.
BTJSZMB8S AOKaTT DZBftOTOST
'FfcOM
.*SS
Aak for Labor Tomplo
Seymour   7406   (nnlaaa   ottanrlaa   MUA)'
Boilermaker!—L.    Oontminga,      SIS Labor
Temple.
BlaekamUhi—C.   Bonn,   Boom  SOS,   Ltbor
Tomple.
Bridge ud  Structural Iron Worker*—Bey
Maiieear, Boom SOS.
Brotherhood of Carpentera, Ho. 617—Walter
■ IDS.
low,  Bo.   8647,    I.
CITY|NIGHT SCHOOLS
Re-open Monday, December 2
New ClMM» forming in Bturian, Japanese, Spanish, English, French,
Music, Art, Engineering, Navigation, Domestic Science, Millinery,
Dressmaking, Telegraphj*, Shorthand, Typewriting, Bookkeeping, ete.
Only nominal fees.
ENQUIBE W. K. BEEOH, IS.—,
Seymonr 4760
Director Night Schools
VANCOUVEB UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR OOUNOIl^—HKTB
tnt sad ttlrd Tirana.-**,. Enwtln
few.: Pr.eU.nt, I. Wlaeh; tte»pml*
Amt, J. KaTaauh; etentaty sad tut-UM
Heat, T. B. Mldgur; trwrau, t. Knowles;
eerf.*«>-t-«l*ftrae,~J.~ ..   ,  	
H. HlT.tr. J. H.bble, A. 1. Ormrtert, W.
A Piiieiiafd.
alliid PBiirrnio tbaocb oodinsl--
UmU sMoad Header la Ik. math. Pw.1*
dial, 0)ee. Butler; mntaiy, B. H. Km*
leads, P.O. Bea «».	
JOUBBETBRM      BABBEBB      UITKBMA*
tional UdIod of Amoriea, Loeal No. IBO—
HmU sMoad aad toorth Taeedan la th.
month, Boom 90S, Labor Temple. Preeldeat,
0. I. Herrltt*, eeeretair, B. H. Orut, l>0
Ouibl. Street.
BBOTHBRHOOD Of OABIINTIBB, LOOAL
No. 01?—Meets .Terr leeond aad fourth
Boeder evenlni, 0 o'eloek, Laber Tempi*.
Preeldent, M. MeKenele* Inanelal SHMary,
O. Thom, • Dofferln Btreet But; rooordlai
eeeretarr, J. B. Camptell; bestneis igeat,
Walter Thomas,  Boom SOt Labor Tempi*.
Phon. Bor. rett.
BgOTHIBHOOD   OP   BOILIB   MAKIBB
aad Iroa  Ship Balldere ead Helpen of
Amufea, Taaeoaeer Ledf* He. IM—Beats
Moadey. • u.   Pnsldnt, 1.1.1.
ra, IMS Aftenl.Bt.: Hentarrlrea**
arer,'Anfae,"ftaa.r7'ilSl Howe*Sti baelaeee
anal, L. Oemmlaa. Beam »1» Lahor TeapU,
HOTBL ABD BE8TADBANT EHFLOTEES
Leal 88—Boot, eterj tn, Wedneeder la
tht month at 8.80 pja. and erery third
Wednesday ln th. month at 9.80 pjn, Preeldent, Harry Wood; eeoretarr and hoelnew
atent, W. Heekensie, Boom 800 Labor Tem*
pie.   Phoae Boy..I'll.   OBee kean: 11 te
?!
J noon; S to 6 p.m.
INTEBNATIONAL UNION OP BTBAH AND
Operating Engineera, Looal No. 880—
MeeU atarf Monday, 7.80 p.m., Ltbor
Temple. Preaident, J. ft. fbmn, Sl-5 Moodio
itnot, New Weatminster; vlea*preetdent, D.
Hodgee; secretary-treasurer ud business
•gent w. A. Alexander, Boom 818* Labor
Temple.    Phone Boy. MM.
ELEOTRIOAL WORKERS; LOOAL NO. SIS
—MeeU In Room 80S, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. Preaident, D. W.
MeDougall, 116S Powell Street; reeordlng
aeeretary, W. fonlkee, Lobor Temple; Sua*
clal aeeretary ud boilneao agoat, B. H.
Morriion, Room 807, Labor Tomple: ualat*
ut aeoretary, F. R. Burrows.	
VIOTOBIA. B. 9.
VIOTOBIA AND DISTBIOT TRADES AND
Labor Oounoil—Moota Srat ud third Wedneadaya, KnlgkU of Pytklaa HaU. North
Park atroot, at 8 p.m. Preaident, B. Sim*
mon*; vice-president, T. Dooley; seentary-
treaanrer, Christian Slverti, P. 0. Box 808,
Vietoria, B. 0.	
SOUTH WBUUBOTOB. V. L
LOOAL UNION, No. 879, U. M. W. ol A.—
MeeU flrat Snnday In orery month 8 pJn.,
Bleharda Hall. Pmldent Ju. Bateman;
vlee-preaideat, Andrew Parker; rooordlng
aeoretary, Ju. loom; Snanolal oeorotary,
William MacDonald; treunrer, J. H. Blab*
ardion. • ,
PftlMOB BPPBBT, B. 0.
PBINOE BUPERT TBADBS AND LABOR
ConneU—MeeU aeoond ud fonrth Teas*
daya of eaeh month, Im Carpentera' hall.
Pre*ldent, 8. D. Maedonald; aeoroUry.W. B.
Thompoon, Box STS, Prinoe Rnpert, B. 0.
LOOAL TBADBS QXIOB DXftftOXOBY
INTEBNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S association, Loeal 8862—OBce ud hall, 804
Pender Street Weat. MeeU overy Friday,
B p.m. Secretary-treaenrer, f. Chapman;
business agent, A. Baud,	
I. L. A., LOOAL 38-62, AOX1LIARV—
(Marine Warehonaemen and Freight
Handler*). Headquartera, 182 Cordova Eaat.
Meets flrat and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Secretary- treasurer, E. Winch; business
agent, 0. W. Webster,	
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Batcher Worhmen'e Union, No. 848—MeeU
flret and third Tnoadaya of eaeh month,
Labor Temple, 8 p. m. Preaident, Chu. P.
Hnggina; reeordlng aeeretary, J. Summer*;
flnanolal Becrotary ud bnalneaa agent, T. W.
Anderson, 687 Homer atreet.	
PATTEBN MAKERS- LEAGUE OF NORTH
America (Vancouver ud vicinity)—
Branch meete aecond and fonrth Mondaya,
Room 204, Labor Temple. Preeldent, J.
Benforth, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood Eaet;
flnanclal secretory and buineaa agoat, H. S.
NighUealce, 276—68th Ave East, Sooth Vaneonver; reeordlng aeeretary, E. Weetmore-
land, 8247 Point Orey road. Phone Bay-
view 2070L.
SHIPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 88A. Scries
6—MeeU the 2nd ud 4th Friday* of tke
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. Preeldent J.
N. Bonlt; flnanclal secretary, M. A. Phelpa;
bosiness agent Ud corresponding seereUry,
W. Lee. OBce, Room 818*880, Ubor
Temple.
BTREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY  EM
, Pioneer DlvUloa, No. 101—Meete
Allied Printing Tradu Oonneil—R. H. Nee*
Ihnds, Box, 06, Vaneonver, B. 0.
Bakers,   No.   178—J.  Bleak,    Kaalo  itreet,
Vaneonver, B. 0.
Barbors—8. H.  Grant,  880 Gamble atreet,
Vaneonver, B. 0.
Blacksmiths—Malcolm Porter,   4811 Oxford
street, Vaneonver, B, 0.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser, 216 Labor Temple.
Bookbinders—W. F. Bushman, Box 626.
Boot ud Shoe Workera—Tom Oory,    446
Vernon drive.
Brewery Workora—A. E. Aaheroft, Solto 1,
17S8 Fonrth avenne wut.
Bricklayers—William    8.    Dagnall,    Labor
Temple, Vaneonver, B. 0.
Brotberhood of Carpentera Dlitrlet Oonneil—
J. 0.  Smith, Boom 80S, Ltbor Temple,
Vucouver, B. 0.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Solloway, 1167 Harwood strut, Vancou-
ver, B. 0.   Soymonr 1848B.
Brotherhood   of   Locomotive   Firemen   ud
Enginemen—H. G   Savage,  1886 Hornby
atreet.
Brotberhood Railroad Employees—C.    Bird,
2080 Union street.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen-
Brotherhood   of    Malntenance-of-Way    Em*
ployees—E. Oorado, 886 Clark drive.
Butchers and Meat Cnttera—Thu. Anderson,
687 Homer street.
Clgarmakers—R. Craig, 36 Kootenay Street.
City Firemen—0. J. Richardson, No. 1 Fireball.
City Hall Staff-
Civic Employeu—G. Harrison, 1886 Wood*
land drive.     ,
Cooke,   Walters,  Waitresses—W.  McKensle,
Room 200, Labor Temple.   Sey. 1681.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Ooro avenue.    Boy. 4704.
Electrical Workere—E. H. Morrison, Room
207, Labor Temple.
Freight Handlers—H. 8. Duncan, 1868 Eleventh avenue eut.
Garment Workera—Ada Hawheworth,    8516
Fleming street.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry,  4683  Rorb
Streot.
Home  Workers'   League—Mrs,  0.  M. Kin,
159 Hastings street east.
Jewelry Workurs—D. J. BnclL Labor Temple.
Lathers—A, P.  Surges, 715 Holden Bldg.
Laundry Workers—Miss H. Gutteridge, Lahor
Temple.
Letter  Carriers—Robt.  Wight,    177   Seventeenth avenne west.
Longshoremen—G.     Thomas,     804     Pender
Btreet west,
Longshoremen's   Auxiliary,     No.   88-62—E.
Winch,   152 Cordova Eut.
Machinists No.  182—Jas. H. McVety, Room
211 Labor Temple.
Machinists,   No.   720   (Oaragemen)—H.   H.
Trail. 746 Gilford atreet.
Machinists,   No.   777—W.   Street,  788   Six-
teenth avenue eut.
Marine  Cooks  and  Stewards—W.  R.  Field,
520 Richards Street.
Marine Firemen and Oilers—D. Haley,   88
Thoa. Scott, 820 Colombia Ave.   Sey. 8608.
Mill and  Factory Workers,    No.  1068—F.
Brownsword, Labor Temple.
Molders—A.  H.   Donaldson,  Empire  Rooms,
North Vaneoaver.
Tkomns, Room
Bretkerhood  of
Barratt, Boon
Butchers ud Mut OutUrs—Thoe. Andenon,
687 Homer atreet.
Civic Employee*—W. MoParlue, Boom 218,
Labor Temple.
Cooks  and Walter*—W.  MeKenale,    Boom
808, Labor Temple.
Deep Su Flakermen'a Uniw—ftuaall Kearley, 487 Ooro avenue.   Oftee phoae, Bay.
4704;  residence, High. 718ft.
Eleotrleal Workora—E. H. Morriaon,   loom
807,   Phono Bey. 8610.
I. L. A. Auxiliary—E. Winch, 168 Cordon
Eaat.    Phono Sey. 0868.
Longshoremen's   Association—A.  fteld,   804
Pender Strut Wut; phone Soy. 8888.
.........  .~   « ■'ltt.-.
PEOPLE GETTING
or
Maohiniata—D. MeCaUnm, Boom
Moving Picture Operator*—J. 0.
LaChanee,
Musicians—E. A. Jamleun, Boob 806.
PU* Driven ond Wooden Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides,' Room 206%, Labor Tomple.
Phone Bey. 8611.
Painters—D, MoDennott, Boom 806 Labor
Temple.
Plumbers—J. Cowling, Room 306 tt. Phono
Sey. 8611.
Shipyard Laborera' Union—W. Lu, Room
280, Labor Tomple.
Strut Railway Employeea—F. Hoover, eorner Main ud Prior atreeU.    Soy. 6000.
Sblpwrighu ud  Oaalkora—H. A. Macdu-
ald, Room 818, Labor Temple.
Steam Englneera—A. Alexander, Bocae 816,
Labor Temple.
Teamsten—J. F. Pool, 667 Homer street.
Tradu ud Labor Connell—Victor ft. Mldgley. Boom 210, Labor Tomple.
Warenouaemens Union—A. R. Robertson,
687 Homer atreet.
VIEWS ARE AS WIDE
APART AS THE POLES
Every   Nation   Has   Its   Share   of
Junker Philosophy in
inPolitiA
He who thinks that with peace now
not far off Jhe main questions involved
in the world struggle will be settled iB
due for a rude awakening. The ending of tho one struggle wi.ll be the beginning of another one, that will seethe
in every one of the belligerent nations.
Within each eountry there are views
as wide as tho polos regarding internal and international questions. Every
nation possesses its junker philosophy
in politics, journalism and industry, and
theso are identified with a minority of
financial and business men who frank*
ly intend to reap the fruitB of tho settlement for their own interests. Thoy
have paid homage at tho shrine of •' domocracy '' — their democracy — which
has no more likeness to the genuine article than virtue has to vice. They
fear the common mass of mankind
within thoir own borders, and dread
thoir rise to power more than thoy
ever feared tho foreign junkerdom that
is sinking to oblivion.
Confronting them with more or less
consciousness of the stakes involved
is this great mass of useful workers.
They have gono through the trial of
four yoars of hardship and sacrifice
and havo had an opportunity to seo tho
profiteering order in all of its nakedness. Tho workers of no country have
escaped this experience, and its very
uniformity has tended to uniformity of
viewpoint as well. Thoy have aeon
the capitalist system is a rotten structure incapable of serving mankind in
the period of its greatest noed. The
governments have had to take the reeling thing in charge, like the police
have hud to take chargo of the drunken
harlot in her cups. The thing could
not stand alono, and without control
it was a menace to the health and lives
of millions of human beings. Like thc
hag deprived of her hourly dope, the
profiteer has whined for the roturn of
his business, in order that he may in*
dulgc in another carousal of ill-gotten
gains. If the creature of tho gutter
becomes a shameless thing, the profiteer
and his ways havo becomo hideous in
millions of working cinqs households.—
Industrial Banner.
More Democracy
"New  York.—To   prevent occurrence
in New York of "the horrors and out-
.rages of unrestrained mobs" which aro
I now causing anxiety in neutral coun-
1 tries abroad, "in this critical time,"
Mayor Hylan today    directed    Police
Commissioner    Enright    to    disperse
nil unauthorized assemblages and prevent the public display of the red flag
in the city."
So Militarism Is Put Forward As a Cure for
All Complaints
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
Ii his recent book, "Democracy
After the War," Hobson points ont
that military force even before the
war had become necessary to defend
the existing Bystem and that the propertied classes are not likely after the
war to let such a valuable instrument
as the army slip from their (rasp.
"Militarism thus means, in the first
place, that the propertied classes who
furnish the command possess and are
aware of possessing in the army a Anal
and sure bulwark of dofence against
any really dangerous attack upon their
political and economic power, "the in*
terestocracy," oither in the way of
mob violence, a witholding of their
labor power, or constitutional
forms."
In Oreat Britain, evon before war
loomed on the horizon, there was a
steady, widespread and vigorous campaign afoot throughout the eountry for
compulsory military service in which
all the Conservative interests were
actively enlisted. Headers of the Conservative press know that militarism is
intended to stay. Colonel Sir Augustus Fitz-George said in 1916, "Compulsory servioe was necessary at this time
when the people were getting ont of
hand," and Lieut-Col. W. H. Maxwell
wrote in the Outlook of September,
1915, "Trade unionism—that shelter
for slinking shirkers—is imperilling
our existence, and by its aetion a rot
of our national soul has set in. One
remedy, and one alone, can eradicate
this state of rot—martial law will
cure it."
Our national soul"—and who are
b" that we set ourselves over
againBt "the people"? Surely it would
seem in these days that "we" are
afraid of "the people"! Who are
1 The politicians and boardB of
trade and manufacturers' associations
are very fond of talking as if they
represented the interests of the nation
at large, and yet in the next breath
they deplore the attitude of labor and
take precautions lest "the peoplo"
should become infected by radical
ideas.
"The people getting out of hand"—
Yot we live in a professedly democratic country—a country in which the
people rule. That used to be the meaning of democracy before the interesto-
cracy began talking about "our nation."
The newspapers contain interesting
reading these days. In a recent number of the World the leading editorial
is devoted to "The Menace of Bovolution." Europe today is in a ferment
of revolution. . . Germany has a
Socialist government. . . German
Austria is Socialistic. . . In Bussia
Socialism is growing daily. . . The
same is true of Finland. . . In Switzerland a general striko of a revolution-
any character is in force today. . . In
Holland. . . In Sweden. . , France
and Italy. . , Suroly the people are
getting out of hand!
But tho World would reassure us by
stating that in Britain there is little
or no taint of Bolshevism. Well, Bolshevism is simply revolutionary Socialism. Is there "littlo or no taint" of
that in Great Britain* Let me quote
a few paragraphs from "The Aims of
Labor" by Bt. Hon. Arthur Honder-
son, M. P.
"Tho outstanding fact of world
politics at the present time—and when
peace comes this fact will be made
still more clear—is that a great tide
of revolutionary feeling is rising in
every country. Everywhere the peoples
are becoming conscious of power. They
are beginning to sit in judgment upon
their rulers."
It will not be a democratic   victory if it roBults merely in tho rcstora-
Valley Dairy
Special
Batter
55* lb
Pound of
Golden
Goodness
Hundreds of Vancouver women are now realizing the fact that
Dairy Products, especially Milk and Butter, have not advanced ia
price in anything like the proportion of other food.
Many are now using the Deliciously Bich, Sweet MILK sip plied
by the VALLEY DAIRY, for creaming vegetables. This not miy
Improves the Flavor, but adds to the Food value.
VALLEY DAIRY MILE is juse Pure, Sweet Cow's Milk—with
nothing added—and nothing taken away. Coming from the finest
herd of puro bred cows in Weatern Canada—J. M. STEVES' FAMOUS
HEBD—govornment tests have shown our special approvel MILK
to be absolutely supreme in Richness, Purity and Wholesome feed-
ness.
ASK THE WOMAN WHO USES IT
VALLEY DAIBT SPECIAL BUTTER.   55c per pout
Phone Bay. 553
The Children's Friend
VALLEY DAIRY
Let me again
"we, no and eompany.
qcote Henderson:
"Failure to appreciate the fact that
the minds of the people have been
deeply influenced by equalitarian
ideals, 'to underestimate the popular
resentment of class privileges, whether
based on the accident of birth or upon
the possession of wealth, which the
war has strengthened rather than mitigated, will be fatal in the future to
governments and political parties
alike."
"By peaceable methods, or by direct
assault, society is going to be brought
under democratic control."
"If barricades are indeed erected in
our streets they will be manned by
men who have learned how to flght
and not by ill-disciplined mobs unversed in the use of modern weapons,
likely to be easily overcome by trained troops. Revolution, if revolution
is indeed to be forced upon democracy,
will be veritable civil war."
Of this rising tide of revolution our
self-constituted "leaders" in Canada
seem to be quite unaware. They think,
or profess to think, that "the taint"
is confined to a few foreigners. So
under cover of unearthing a gang of
desperadoes, Canada is to be saddled
apparently with a system of military
police. In tho samo issue of the
World is the fololwing dispatch from
Ottawa :-
1' to deal with the menace which the
authorities believe threatens tho very
basis of Canada's social and political
existence it has been suggested that
thc present Dominion police be greatly
enlarged.   .   .
"It is felt that in the coming year
or two, whon unemployment is Mkely
to be scarce, and a fiold created for
agitation and revolutionary propaganda, tho need will be great for firm
measures to guard tho public safoty.
Government action along the lines
indicated may bc expected shortly."
"Is that not choicof The transition
is easily mado from the foreign conspirators to the unemployed workers,
Tho peoplo are in danger of getting
out of hand. Bring in military force.
Great is democracy! If the people aro
unemployed and honce starving, why
not a revolution!
Tho Province, in an articlo of thc
samo date, explains '' The thing Americans as a moss do not and cannot understand is that to the German and
Bussian Socialists tho American form
tioi of tho capitalistic regime wWckJ«'?«moeracy soome more hideous than
tho war has discredited and d™trovod^*!lr _?_?__ "VS^ul^t
1 bly more of the people seo it than tho
Victory for tho peoplo means something more than the continuance of the
old system of production for tho proflt
of a small owning class, on the basis
of wage-slavery for tho producing
classes.''
"The producers havo been robbed of
tho major part of the fruits of thoir
industry under the individualist system of capitalist production."
"A real peoplo's International . . ,
must be founded on an unshakable.
faith of the nations in the spirit of
democracy."
Not much reassuranco for the propertied classes or narrow nationalists in
such statements from ono of the conservative of tho English Lnbor leaders!
Even before this appears in print,
the people in Great Britain mny nlso
show signs of getting out of hand!
Whether tho revolution will be blood*
Iosb  depends so much on  the   stupid
blind,   '' interestocratic''    newspapers
imagine I
Yos, my comrades, I call them
"blind." They're not clear-headed
enough to bc hypocritical!
BOURGEOISE   IDEAL   OF   "FREEDOM AND DEMOCRACY"
Demos—Thc bourgeoise freodom, the
freedom to exploit labor to tho limit,
less limit. Freedom from strikes and
labor trouble, freedom to decide the
prico of labor powor, freedom to decide working conditions, froedom to
make labor laws, froodom from competition in the markets.
Freedom for Labor—Freedom from
labor organizations, freedom from a
Labor press, freodom from intellectual
logical reasoning power, freedom from
arrogant confidence in their own
strength.
E
Are the Stories Told About
Bolsheviki Atrocities
Truthful?
Bolshevism is now Bet forth as the
dreadod creed of tho workor. Why
does not the modern press try to tell ub
something about why this name is to
bo dreaded. It doos not tell us the
truth about the principles professed
and attempted to be carried out by
these people who acknowledge such a
faith, because to do so would bo an
utter repudiation of tho responsibility
of certain acts charged up to theso
people. The workers of this and all
other countries who understand what
is going on will not for ono moment bo
tempted to credit such condemning of*
forts of the modern press of tho
Russian Bolsheviks: domocracy attempted in any country receives at the
hands of the capitalistic mouthpiece
similar misrepresentation and condemnation. Lot them bring forth proofs
that Bolshevism is what they would
have labor believo it is and labor will
judge accordingly.
A pujo attempt at democratic administration is the logical inference,
and yet we are advised otherwise. The
Germans saw how helpless tho Russian
people were for a furthor continuance
of hostilities, so they immediately imposed on the Bolsheviki peoplo a treaty
of peaco which involved indemnities
that paralyzed any attempt upon the
part of the people of Bussia to resist.
With no holp from the Allies tho Bolsheviks had no alternative but to accept for the timo boing these unreasonable conditions. From this timo on
thc Bolsheviki administration appears
to have fallen under thc ban of tho
Allied Powers, and immediately afterwards now developments of Allied invasion of Russian takes place. Have
the Bolsheviks denied thc chosen principles upon which they at first set out
to rulo their people, and are they tho
horrible monsters the modern pross
would have us believo they aro.
It is all too clear there exists a nigger in the woodpile, and, it behoves the
peoplo to pause ere they proceed to
condemn Bolshevism of the Russian
poople, which it appears is not being
correctly represented.
Insinuations that labor in all countries becauso of its demands for democratic administration are like tho
Bolsheviki of Russia is tho straw that
shows which way tho wind blows.
Labor Bhould pay no attontion to this
dust-throwing by the modern servile
press for the purpose of confusing the
truth and making it more -difficult to
be understood.
So far as we know the people of
Russia desire peace today as they did
when they refused to be further governed by thc Czar. No reason has
been givon by the press for condemning so loudly tho labor cause of the
Russian people an}' more than for attempting to condemn labor similarly in
all countries in its earnest attempt to
rid itself of the enemy ef labor—capitalism and its autoeratie rale.
Things of the highest import to the
understanding of the people aro at this
critical hour of world change shrouded in a mist of confusion that at onee
becomes a positive hindrance to a
elear vision of who is who or what is
what. The modern press, as usual, is
ever ready as a paid agency in tlie
work of flimflamming the people and
making it ever difficult to understand
the pivotal points on which reBt the
important reasons of world happen*
ings. It may soon be necessary for
those mouthpieces of capitalistic propaganda to cheek up a little on the
ridiculous stories told about the Russian Bolsheviki, and tho still more
stupid attempt to class the labor cause
in general as an abettor of Bolshevism in its alleged frightfulness. Com*
plete confusion appears to be the aim
of these reactionary agencies in their
references to the present rulers of Russia. The press is apparently determined
to establish in the mind of the reading
public an utter distaste of Bolshevism
and Labor.
In order to accomplish this the Bolsheviki of Russia are given a setting
in the modern press of the most degrading type.' Dark pictures of cruelty
and criminal offenco are repeatedly
charged against them. For somo un-
divulged reason it appears they havo
lost all tho good graces of the Allied
cause.
It is a most surprising state of affairs when modern paperdom imagines
that tho populace ean so easily be
fooled, and that the lurid pictures of
outstanding contradiction of principles
professed by Bolshevism are and will
be readily accepted as true. Surely the
workers have not already forgot t! .
public declaration of the Bussian Boi
shoviki to its people in Russian affairs.
They then pledged themsolves to rule
Russia upon a basis of collective ownership of tho means of wealth production. They took over the instruments
of production—the land, the factories,
the railroads and all other things desirable to tho accomplishment of such
an end.
As a further move to deal with some
of the problems that wiU follow tho
war, another subdivision has been
established in tho U. 8. Department of
Labor. Establishment of uniform working conditions in all industries iB the
purpose of thc new sub-division, which
will be composed of three branches:
Industrial hygiene and medicine, whicb
will direct tho formation of sanitary
health codes and will be supervised by
the United States Publie Health sorvico; the division of labor administration to denl with quostions between
employers and employees and the division of safety engineering to deal
with mechanical safety.—Cleveland
Citizen.
Printers Raise Wages
San FranciBco.—Wago differences between the Typographical Union and
newspapers havo beon compromised and <
rates nro advanced 60 cents a day. The
new agreement calls for $34 a week for
evening newspapers and $37 for morning newspapers.
San Diego, Cal.—Wage increases of '
25 cents a day havo been secured by
newspaper printers in this eity.
plojMt, PtoMsr Di»UloB, Ke. 101—Maats
Later Taspla, aaaeil aaa foarth WaSaaa
Says *l I »m. Praaldait, W. H. OottrsU;
trsaaarar, I. S. Oavalead; riaacilaj aaert-
1       -       -.At.—      gflj    -Jrt^     m^a
iw aaa
        'f. Lofting,
Phoaa Hlfh. lSSmTl	
boalaaaa aftat, mi A. Hoevar, 8408 Clark
____ t»aa ssfjsj Wee sij Mala simta
GENERAL    TIAMBTEB8    AHD    OHAUf-
ftan UateB, Laaal lo. 856—Maata atti>
8d4 aad 4th Wadatsdays 8 p.a.   Praoldsat,
W. II. Brtwa; boalaaaa acaat, .
_ J. f. Peak
848—lfth Ava. Baal. Fhaaa fair. 8108X.
PlaaasUl ataratarr. BaH Shawlar, 1180
Robam A. Phoaa Say. 88T6. OSes, 68T
Wmnm.
TYPOGRAPHICAL ORION. Ha, 886— UaaU
last Raadar el aoah noath al 8 pja.   Pro-
aidant,  R.  Marahall;  rlaa-pr«aldaat. W. H
Jordai; ataratary-lraaaarar, R. H. Haalaada,
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B, 0. PRDRRATION OP LABOR—Meata la
annual aoafantlon ia January. Biaaatlva
ofleen, 181819: Prwidant. Duncan UeCal-
lam. Labor Tampla, Vanwu?-»r; -rl»-pr«il
deata—Vanooavar Ialand, Waller mad,
Booth Wellington; Vietoria, 4. Tarlor; Prlnee
Rnpert, W. R. Thompeon; Vanoonver, I.
Wlnea W. R. Trotter; Haw Weatminster, P.
Peeblea; Waat Kootenay, Uareoa Martin,
NeUon; Crowe Nest Paaa, W, A, Shaman,
ramie. Baerstary-treaairar, A. B. Wella,
Labor Temple. 406 Dnniioalr etreet, Van-
eai rrr, B. 0.
Mofina  Picture  Operaton—A.  0.  Hanaen,
P. 0.  Boa 846.
Mnalelana—E. 3. Jaaleaon, Room 805, Labor
Temple.
Oil Refinery Workers—loco, B. 0.   A. Smith,
8746 Union atreet.
Order of   Railroad Conductors—O.
781 Baatty atnet.
Hatch,
8. oftee, P. 0. BMg.
Painters—B''GoaId!"koom 808 Labor Temple.
Pattern Maken (Vaaonver)—C. Westmoreland, S847 Point Oray read.
Pile  Driven  ud  Wooden  Bridfeaea—W.
Iraaaldea.    Room 80SM, Ubor Tampla.
Plasunn—J. Wllllanwon, 1078—SSth Ate.
Beat.
Plumbers—J.  Cowling, Room 806)4, Labor
Temple.    Pbone Sey. 8611.
Policemen's  Union—J.  Shields,  1630  Kitchener Street.
Preaa Aasistaata—Thoa. Graydoo, 8737 Cnl-
leden atreet, Sooth VaneooTer.
Preaamen—E. B. Stephenson, P. 0, Boa 884.
Railway Mall Clerks,  Vaaeower ~
Charlee Palis. R, H. "    "
Vancouver, B. C.
Ratal) Gierke' Association—A. P. Glen, 1078
Melville atnet.
Seaman's Union—W. Hardy, P.O. Boi 1866.
Sheet  Metal Workers—Geo. oBwering,  8807
Pendnr Street.
Shipbuilders'   Laborera—Phelpa, Boon 880,
Labor Tomple.
Shipwrights and Caulkers—H. A. MacDonald, Koom 212 Labor Temple.
Soft Drink Dispensers—W. Mottishaw, 808
Labor Temple.    Sey.  1661.
Stationary  Firemen  (Oaa Workera)—T. M.
Martin,  1240 Robson Street. High. 1684R.
Steam   and   Operating    Engineers—W.   A.
Alexander,   Rom 316.
Steam Shovel and Dredgomen—Chas. Fere*,
06 Powell atreet.
TOYS
Headquarters
Specials in Dinner Sets
CHINA
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the
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to
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with china bread and but*
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Special,  the set $26.75
Ninety-Seven Piece Set
Made by the Famous
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This set has been designed
to meet the   demand  for a
rich   handaome   dinner  set,
highly glased  English semi-
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a pleasing    appearance    on
any  table.
Special,  set  $32.50
With China cups $38.00
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Meakins—
The glase of this set is
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the pattern la a neat maroon
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419
HASTINGS WEST
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which  will  nicely  set   the
,
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with a blue floral pattern-
Th-rt'i
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china  and   the  cups   alone
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Bood
Complete   $7.75
in
4-A
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ita.
AIO    -SSSSbbwM
1    \ FBIDAT... Novembor 22, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
The Wide and Ever-growing Popularity of the
MONTELIUS
PIANO
IS ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE FOLLOWING FACTS:
That it ia built according to rigid specifications laid down by us to the
manufacturers,'i. o., Case, doublo veneered, joints interlocked; Varnish,
beBt polishing grade; Sounding Board, (convex) violin sprueo; Action,
goiuino doubol repeating; Keys, first grade ivory-ebony sharps; Material,
and workmanship the best.
Add to thoso structural points absolute ovenness and rosponso of action, with a lone of remarkable clarity and volumo, and you havo in the
MONTELIUS a Piano exceptionally dosirablo from a musician's standpoint, while its strength of construction assures a lifetime of musical
sorvice.
Tho Moiitolius Piano at the moderate price demanded is wonderful,
dollar for dollar valuo. A splendid assortment awaits your inspection.
Christinas draws near.   Terms if desired.
Montelius Piano Hoflse
524-528 Granville Street
I CRY OF RULERS
EOF
Wages Have Advanced During the Period of
War
But Not in Proportion to
Increased Cost of
Living
[By Fru*ik J. Hayes]
Thero waa nothing in tho wur situation lost spring or mid-summer to causo
tho most optimistic to baso hopes fdr a
victorious peace for tho Allied armies
this yoar, but tho gigantic fighting machino of tho Germans has been dofeatod
—peace is at hand.
A year in advance of our most san*
guuio predictions tho world faces a readjustment from a war to a peace basis.
Industrial problems, to which we had
originally planned to give a year's
thought and study, must bo immediately solved. Cuncellution of war ordera,
a roduccd shipbuilding prog mm me, will
form a busis for the shifting of labor
that bids fair to disturb our industrial
situation to a degree never before witnessed in American history.
Wagos havo gone up during tho war,
but thoy havo uot advanced proportionately to tho increased cost of living.
All authorities agree that thoro is no
likelihood of prices declining for at
leust a yoar. But despito this prophesy,
councils of employers are now devising
programmes to batter wages down. It
is this schoming that organized labor
must combat. Wo can not parloy, linger, wait. Our forces must be up aud
doing, not only to thwart attoinpted reduction, but to win additional gains to
moot living costs which present-day
wages are so inadequate to cope with.
Wo havo talked billions during tho
war, and as a rosult commercial leaders
pho used to think in millions aro now
planning billion-dollar ontorprisos. Corners for domestic trade, corners for foreign trade ,ure the dreams of leaders
of proposod gigantic combines to realize their ambitions. And, of course,
these leaders point with assurance to
their ability to decrease wagos to price
their production beyond competition.
Labor must uccopt no reductions.
Having patriotically minod the conl,
manufactured the munitions, built the
ships and offered their sons, that mado
possiblo the defeat of autocracy, labor
will not accept as its reward a reduction in wages.
Labor can not direct its attention
sololy to wagos, howovor. Thero is
more important work.
At the closo of the Spanish-Amorican
war there was a lordly spirit of conquest and expansion in our government.
Tho lust for conquest manifested itself
in business by combinations, tho forming of big corporations, und by the
leaders iu finance attempting to roach
out and take for themselves the control of everything in sight. Their work
was so dashing that the country held
its breath in admiration,
Mr. Harriman put the Union and
Southern Pacific together, restocked
and robondod them, mado a great deal
of monoy out the transaction, and
everybody accepted what ho was doing
as a matter of. course. This samo wizard exploited the Chicago & Alton and
other roads.
Ready employment was givon thousands of ordinary laborors. Nobody
cared. The futuro wus never thought
of.
Mr. Harriman absolutely dominated
his boards of directors, Like Standard
Oil and tho remainder of 'the organizations of big business, tho public and
stockholders of tho Harriman system
were never consulted.
In this period our big men of business wero like so many seventeenth century corsairs or eleventh century vikings. As their forebears ,who sacked
cities, held up ships and demanded hostages from weak nations, they crushed
through banks, through manufacturing
plants, picked up what they wished,
combined, resold, loaded and unloaded,
and took toll of every transaction.
Somo woro cagor for money. Thoy
wanted thc intoxication of commercial
powor and prosperity. Thoy put on big
deals because theso deals appealed to
their dramatic instinct.
In those days when bankers turned J
tho cash box.
If a man of big business waB prone
to gamblo ho was not content to gamble
unloss his bots wero in the millions.   .
Bud mon were vicious as thoy aro today in u big way.
The pooplo who had beon fooling the
burden, but know not whence it camo,
begun to look into tho thing and soo
why that even in an ago of boundless
prosperity tho gamo of living decently
became exceedingly hard. This was
followed by tho arousing of a public
couscionco and public attention. Big
business was thrown on its haunchos,
then on thc dofensive and then a campaign of reprisal began. ThiB resulted
in a number of investigations, giving
tho Interstate Commorco Commission
power to fix rates, tho corporation tax,
the income tax and putting the Sherman law into effect.
To somo it may appear that it would
bc difficult to orgunizo and loot the peoplo again as tho big graftors did following tho Spanish-American war bo-
cause it was brought plainly homo to
tho heart of the man with big money
and the man in the street that the
American people are all powerful. But
such a thing is not impossible. If the
common poople are not awake to reconstruction legislation, if the people are
not made to understand and if they
fail to direct their attention to publie
affairs, repetitions of nation-wide loot
will again blight our country,
fit must be brought forcibly homo to
Congress and loadors of business that
the public will nover willingly submit
to a recurrence of legislation und commercial combinations that will drive
wagos downward, lower tho standard of
living and wreck our inudstrics who refuse lo be gobbled up in the combines.
The workers must bowaro of tho overtures that aro sure to be made with the
dawn of part-time employment. Tako
thu coal industry as an example. Already tho markets as far oast as Pittsburg uro swamped with coal. Price-
slashing, so prevalent in the old days
of cut-throat competition, is being resorted to in a small way. What is tuking place in tho coul industry is bound
to take place in other industries,
If Labor is to conserve its presont
stnnidurds and is to mako futuro gains,
then it is plainly evident that the workers ' forces must bo marshalled undor a
programme thut stands ior gain and
will concede no loss.
The Heads of State Only
Receive Treatment
in Kind
Repression Always Breeds
Intolerance and
Violence
The Russians havo thrown off the
Bomanoff dynasty, The GormanB hnve
apparently got rid of the Hohenzollcrn
rulors, and havo defeated the militaristic regime that has so long ruled tho
Central Empires, And wc find a somewhat similar condition of mind on tho
part of thoso in authority, as prevailed
at the timo of the civil war in tho time
of Charles tho First in England. There
tho respoctablo element, or in othor
words, the rulors, uud thoir adherents,
woro loud iu thoir denunciation of any
act of violonco, and of tho methods
that woro necessary at tho timo to do
away with the thon reigning head of
thc country. At this timo wo find that
thc bourgeoise clement in all lands is
raising a protest against what they cull
anarchy in Russia, and at tho samo time
oxpreBses fears as to tho outbreak of
anarchy in other lands. It hus repout-
edly boen stuted iu Tho Foderntionist,
that ropressivo und autocratic methods
of government inovitably result in violonco when the peoplo first obtain their
release from autocracy. Thia is particularly applicublo to Russia, which was
governed by tho most despotic government on the fuce of tho earth prior to
tho revolution, Tho following extracts
from nn ossy by '' Macaulay,'' published in tho Edinburgh Review, August,
1S25, aro particularly applicable at the
present time:
"If it wore possiblo that a poople,
brought up under an intolerant and arbitrary, system could subvert that sys-
tom without acts of cruelty und folly,
hnlf lho objections to despotic powor
would bo removed. Wo Bhould in that
case, bo compelled to acknowledge tljat
INCREASE OF OHILD
LABOR DURING WAR
Setting Aside of tbe Federal Law—Removal of Restrictions
Investigations conducted by the children 's-burcau of tho department of Labor, Washington, show a great increase
in the employment of childron since tho
federal child labor law was declared
unconstitutional by tho United States
Supreme Court. This law prohibited
tho transportation in interstate commerce of commodities mude by children
under 14 ycurs in factories and under
10 years in minos and quarries, It also
provided that childron between 14 and
10 years should not bo employed moro
tban eight hours u day, six days a
week aud not before li n.m. or after 7
p.m.
The children's bureau states that
since (he federal Inw has been set aside
the long work day for childron has beon
established. In North Carolina and
Georgia un eleven-hour duy and the 60-
hour week are now general. In tho former slate children from 5 to 14 years
wore found employed moer than eight
hours a duy.
'The limitation of the hours of work
is more generally objocted to than tho
age limit,*' tlio children's bureail reports, "Careful studies made here
und in England indicato that the long
duy which is no longer considered economical for tho adult worker, is peculiarly dangerous for children. The
chief medical officer of the bourd of
education in London finds that 'of all
the undesirable (working) conditions
(for childron) tho most radical and persistent is that of long hours. It is a
remark able and significant fact that all
through the history of child lnbor the
dominant evil is uot nccidents, or poisoning, or deformities, or specific dis-
ousob—but tho stress uud fatigue of tho
immature body due to long or unsuitable hours of occupation.' ''
thiovoB and robbed a bank they dusted few days.
Still They Oo
Toronto.—-The closing down to tho
night operations at tho Leaside munitions plant has thrown tho largest number of munition workers out of employment hore since the signing of the
armistice. Tho night staff, consisting
of nearly 1,000 employees, with the
exception of a few who roturned last
night to finish up some remaining jobs,
were dismissed on Saturday night. Tho
duy stuff will continue to work for a
it at leust produces no pernicious effects
on tho intollcctunl nnd moral charactor
of u nution. But tho moro violent tho
outrages, tho moro nssurod we fool that
n revolution was necessary. Tho violence of thoso outrages will bc proportioned to tho oppresion und degradation
under which they have boon accustomed
to live. Thus it was in our civil war.
Tho heads of tho church und state reaped only that which they had sown. Tho
govornment had prohibited freo discussion; it had dono its best to keep the
peoplo unacquaintod with thoir duties
and their rights. The retribution was
just and natural. If our rulers suffered from popular ignorance, it was
becauso they had themselveB taken
away tho koy of knowledge. If they
wero assailed with blind fury, it was bo-
cause thoy had exacted an equally blind
submission.
"It 8 the character of such revolutions thut wo ulways seo the worst of
them at first. Till men have boen some"
timo free they know not how to use
their freedom. The natives of wine
countries uro generally sober. In climates whoro wine is a rarity, intem-
perunco abounds. A newly liberated
pooplo may bc compared to u northern
army camped on the Rhino or tho Xeros.
It is said that when soldiers in such a
sitnution first find themsolves nblo to
indulge without restriction in such
rare and expensivo luxury, nothing is
to be seen but intoxication. Soon, howovor, plenty teaches discretion, and,
after wine has been for a fow months
their daily fare, thoy become inoro temperate than they had ever been in their
own country. In tho samo manner, tho
final and permanent fruits-of liborty
are wisdom, moderation and mercy. Its
immediate effects aro often atrocious
crimes, conflicting errors, scepticism on
points the most clear, dogmatism on
points the most mysterious. It is just
at this crisis that its enemies love to
exhibit it. They pull down tho scaffolding from thot half-finished edifice; thoy
point to tho flying dust, the falling
brickB, tho comfortless, the frightful irregularity of thc whole appearance; and
then ask in scorn where tho promised
splendor and comfort is to bo found.
If such miserable sophisms were to prevail there would novor bc a good house
or a good government in tho world.
"Aristotle tells a pretty story of a
fairy who, by some mysterious law of
her nature, was condemned to appear at
certain seasons in the form of a foul
and poisonous snake. Those who injured hor during the period of her disguise were f-auvor excluded from participation in B blessings which sho bestowed. Butto those who, in spite of
her loathsome aspect, pities and protected her, sho afterwards revealed herself in tho beautiful and celestial form
which wus natural to her; accompanied
their steps, granted all their wishes,
filled their houses with wealth, made
them happy in love and victorious in
wur. Such a spirit is liberty. At times
she takes the form of u hateful roptilo.
Sho grovels, sho hisses, sho stings. But
woe to thoso who in disgust shall venture to crush hor! And happy are those
who huving dared to receive her in her
degraded and frightful shapo, shall ut
length be rewarded by hor in the time
of her beauty und her gloryl
"Thero is only onc euro for the ovils
which newly ncquircd freedom produces; und thut euro is froodom. When
a prisoner flrst loaves his cell he cannot bear thc light of day; he is unable
to discriminate colors, or recognize
faces. But the remedy is, not to remand him into his dungeon, but to accustom him to tho rays of tho sun. Tho
blaze of truth and liberty may at first
dazzle and bewilder nations which havo
become half blind in tho houso bf bondage. But lot them gaeo on, and they
will soon bo able to bear it. In n few
yoars mon learn to reason. Thc extreme violence of opinions subsides.
Hostile theories correct each othor. The
scattered elements of truth cense to
contend, and begin to coalosce. And at
length a systom of justico and order is
educed out of tho chaos.
"Many politicians of our timo nre in
tho habit of laying down as a self-evident proposition that no people ought
to bo freo till thoy aro fit to uso their
freedom. The maxim is worthy of the
fool in tho old story, who resolved npt
to go into tho water till he had learned
to swim. If men aro to wait for liberty
till they become wiso and good in slavery, they may indeed wait forover."
WOMEN'S TRADE ONION
LEAGUE ACTIVITIES
Health and Wage Conditions Subject
of Conference With the TJ. S.
Navy Department
Washington.—Health and wage conditions as affecting womon employed
in the navy yards and navy clothing
factories throughout the country were
tho Bubject of a conference at the
navy department between Secretary
Daniels, Assistant Secretnry Rooscvolt,
und a committoe representing the National Women's Trade Union League
and tho National Federation of Federal
Employees. The committee protested
to the secretary against tho rating of
women seamstresses and flagmakors in
the navy yards at the pay of common
labor, against the home-work or sweatshop system in the navy clothing factories, and against night work by
women at the navy yards.
Sewing, the committee contends, is a
skilled trade, and nono of tho ratings
for skilled trados occupied my mon are
as low as tho rating for tho seamstresses and flagmakors. Inspectressos,
tho committoe further pointed out, are
rated on the new navy wago scalo as
general hclprs, among whom are unskilled workers, whereas inspectresscs
should be rated as specialists. The
mon who do inspection work, it is
statod, are classed aB highly skilled.
"Thoso inequalities arc duo, wo assume," tho committee told tho socretary, "to the fact that in the navy department tho womon's ratings ure determined by mon."
Secretnry TJaniels and Assistant Secretary Roosevelt stated that tho questions presented by .tho committeo would
be takon up immediately. "I have
always boen a firm bolieve.. in equality
and a Bquaro deal for womon." said
tho secrotary.
PAGE NINE
Snug, Warm and Dry!
I BOLSHEVIKI
The
Evening   Post
the  Report of
Committee
and
Tho Now York Evening Post, which
hus hnd so much to say on thc Bolsheviki documents, und which stated that
it questioned the voracity of theso
documents, has boon able to securo an
investigation by tho committoe of Public Information in tho Stutcs. The roport of thut committeo has just boon
published, and the Evening Post has
the following to say on tho report of
tho committee:
Thc Committeo on Public Information has issued in pamphlet form tho
Sisson documents, first given to tho
public lust September, togothor with
the photographic reproduction of a
number of them and an opinion as to
tho uuthenticity of the collection by a
special committeo appointed by the
special committee of the National
Board for Historical Sorvice, consisting of Dr. J. Franklin Jameson, of tho
Carnogio Institution, and Br. Samuol
N. Harper, profoBBor of Russian language and institutions in tho University of Chicago. A request for a facsimile reproduction of the documents
was mado by the Evening Post after
tho publication of the second instalment, ou tho ground of a largo number
of difficulties which the newspaper version suggostod, and this lias been justified by the following statement in
tno roport b)* Professors ■Jameson and
Harper:
" 'Concerning thc translations,
though in strictness our function is
limited to examination of originals, we
will tako tho liborty to sny that tho i
versions put forth for publication in
the nowspapers aro marked by grave
imperfections. , . .Wo are obliged
to allude to them because thoy have
laid tho documents open at certain
points to suspicions which thc originals
of those passages nowise warrant.'
"It is not at nil points, howover,
that the investigators find suspicions
unconfirmed by the originals. Tho roport divides the documents into threo
groups. Concerning tho first group,
comprising Documents 1-53, it says,
'Wo sec no reason to doubt the genuineness of these fifty-throo documents.'
The second group consists of the two
circulars purporting to have boen issued by tho German General Staff and
Naval Stuff in Juno and November,
1014, calling for industrial mobilization
within Germany and for tho mobilization of 'destructive agencies' abroad.
Concerning these the report says:
The errors of typography, of spelling,
and even of grammar, in theso German
circulars make it impossible to accept
them as original prints of tho General
Staffs names. ... Wo do not think
these two printed documents to be simply forgeries. Wo do not think them to
be, in their present shape, documents
on whoso entire text historians or publicists cnn safely rely as genuine.
"The third group comprises the
documents published us Appendixes. Of
those the report says:
" 'We can make no confident declaration. Thrown buck on internal evidence alone, we can only say that we
see in these texts nothing that positively excludes the nntion of their being
genuine, little in any of them thut
makes it doubtful, thor.gh guarantees
of their having been accurately copied
and accurately translated into Russian
are obviously lacking.'
Not only, therefore, was the published
version of all documents faulty, but
of the originals snme are classed as
doubtful, some as calling for a suspension of judgment.
"A step further curries us Into the
fifty-three documents which the report
uccepts us authentic. Now, part of
Document 1 is the famous Roicksbnnk
circular of March 1!. 1017, establishing Swedish bank credits for tho principal Bolsheviki lenders. Concerning
this circular the roport says:
"'As to tho Keiclisbunk order of
March 2, 1017, printed by him (Mr.
Sisson) as an annex to Document No.
1, the text there presented does not
purport to represent more than Its general substance. The render is not nsked to rely on its accuracy or completeness, and we should not wish to do so.'
lt is unfortunate thai the accuracy or
completeness of this Important document ennnot bu asserted. For this circular, togothor with Paragraph 2 of
Document 1, dealing with the "Nia"
Hank, seems to us to go to tho heart
nf the question whether the Bolsheviki
trafficked with Ihe Germans as per-
nieinus fanatics stooping at nn moans
to attain their end, or as creatures
bought or paid for.
"The sepcilic difficulties raised in
tho Evening PoB.t in connection  with
You fellows who chum up to one
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Seams are double-stitched, buttons are sewn on to stay, and there are no seams
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the uso of the Bussian calendar dates
by the German agents aro dismissed
by the investigators. Thoy state that
the Gorman agents used Berlin letterheads for thoir communications with
tho Soviet, but that tho lotters were
written in Petrograd by German agents
pcrfoctly conversant with Bussian, who
therefore would use the chronology
most familiar to their Soviet accomplices. Tho circumstance that some of
these letters, ovon according to the
first dates, wore written according to
thc Bolsheviki coup is explained by
tho investigators as duo to tho fact
Lhat tho Bolshevik uprising hud been
foreseen for some timo, und thut this
is only unother instunco of German
preparedness. It is a reasonable explanation, though it loaves a margin
of doubt. For example, why is it that
in Documents No. 2 and No. 12, lot-
tors written in BusBian by tho chiof
of tho Qermau Intelligence Bureau at
Petrograd are signed by tho chief, 'B.
Bauer,' iu German script, but that, just
below, his adjutant, 'Bukholm,' signs
in Bussian script, as the facsimiles
show? In Documents 14 and 2G, 'B.
Buusch' in Gorman script is followed
by Adjutant 'Honrich' in Russian
icript. However, tho committee may
have taken thoso points into consideration and dismissed thom as of no
weight.
"To sum up, tho queries raised by
tho Evening Post havo olicitod the fact
that tho documents as given to tho
newspapers woro faulty. Mr. Sisson
has now scon fit to roviso and correct
much of his introductory comment. In
tho introduction to Installment VII as
given to the newspapers Mr. Sisson
wroto:
" ' I am able to prove that two of
the documents—tho circular of industrial mobilization of June 9, 1014, and
the agents' destruction circular of November 28, 1914—are authentic.1
"These documents Messrs. Jameson
and Harpor now dismiss as open to
grave suspicion. The matter is for the
momont only of academic interost; but
wo submit that tho report shows that
tho questions and doubts suggested in
our columns, and still moro pointedly
by tho English pross, were fully warranted."
LETTERS TO
ED
Shipyard Laborers
Tho Shipyard Laborers will hold their
regular meeting tonight. Any member
wishing to pay duos, will assist tho secretary by doing so botwoen the hourB of
7:30, and 9 p.m. in tho offico. This applies to next week's meeting ,as well
as this.
Firemen Raise Wages
Whooling, W. Va.—Stationary Fire*
men's Union No. 21 has raised wages
3 cents an hour for its mombors employed by tho city, thu electric light
company and street car companies.
Bakers Raise Wages
New York.—Hundreds of employing
bakers are accepting the new wage
scalo of their employoes. The contract
calls for a weekly advanco of $6, and
recognition of tho union.
Btate Unions to Meet
Bloomington, 111.—The annual convention of tho Illinois Stato Federation
of Labor, which was postponed on account of tho "flu" epidemic, will be
hold in this city Decembor 2.
Hedley Miners
Tho Hedloy minors have suffered
from the "flu" epidemic, and two
members of that organization have succumbed to tho disease. They aro John
Predrok and Axlo Olund. Bro. W.
Smith, secretary of tho union, is just
recovering from an attack of "flu."
"THBEE'B THB TELEPHONE"
FromptnoiB in answering the telephone
ie a mark o< courtesy shown the caller.
It is alio a help to the operator for It
enables her to complete the call and to
give her attention to others.
Tolephono calls should he answered
promptly, for sometimes tba calling porson does not wait and "hangs op." It
this happens the subscriber who has been
called should not blame the operator
when sho asks htm to "excuse it,
please."
B. 0. Telephone Oompany, Ltd.
Paper Workers Gain
Applton, Wis.—Employees of the
Kimborly Clark Paper Company are organizing and the company announces
a "voluntary" wage increase.
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after hours
T. B. CUTHBERTSON & GO.
Moil's Hatters aud Outfitter*
•80 Onnfltt* fltrwt
619 Hastings Street West
Women and Peace
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: The women of Cnlgary nro initiating a campaign in favor of representation of the
womanhood of Canada by onc, or more,
women at the peace conference.
Thc womon feel that in a mntter of
sueh stupendous importance, as a conference for an international poaco *ct-
tlemont, the best thought of both nfcn
and women should bo contributed.
As women experience differs from
men, thoy might bring a viewpoint that
would be of value. Women too have
paid the price of tho war in loss and
agony, and it is only fair that they
should bo called into the poace council.
Indeed a pence settlement cannot bo
arranged on twentieth century democratic principles without women representation. The Calgary women tiro calling
on provincial and national organization!) to support tho campaign.
The following resolution lms boon
forwarded to the premier: "Whereas,
representatives of many interests in
Canadian life have been soloctod to assist and advise the prime minister in
the discussion respecting the terms of
pence, and
"Whereas, the prime minister culled
iu conference representative women of
Canada to assist and advise in currying
o:i the war;
"Therefore, we consider it desirable
from every point of view, thnt the wo-
manhood of Cnnnda bo represented by
one of more at the peaco conforonco."
Yours sincerely,
MA MON C ARSON.
Convener Campaign Committee.
520 Fourth Ave. West,
Calgary, Alberta,
Novombor 15, 1018.
Boots for the
Working Man
For years now Johnston's has been recognized as tho headquarters for
Work Boots ln Vancouver. Good honest solid mado boots at reasonable
prices has built us a trade with the laboring man of which we are proud.
We know how a work boot should be made and our factories must build
them to our order—right in every detail Our sweeping guarantee protects our customer absolutely. You don't take chances in buying your
boots here. They must wear good or else Johnston makes good. Got
In Hue with our host of satisfied customers and learn economy by pur.
chasing Johnston's Solid Leather Work Boots. Here's thc kind of values
Johnston gives:
No. 1—Our old reliable ''Urns" Blucher—Cult' uppers—Hyndman'
Ira weight oak Holes—3*row stitched uppers—outside counter pock1
solid box toes and counters. Other stores will nsk you $7.00 for
boot.   Johnston V priee
These plain too viseoUzcd
Calf Bluchers, heavy doublo
Goodyear welted soles.
Bost of stock throughout.
The most comfortable boot
made. Heavy enough to
withstand hard
Guaranteed,
a pair.
ts—
this
$6.00
Relationship
A common ownership runs the nice.
And thoro is nothing so comforting as
to realizo tlmt what belongs to ench of
us quito as much belongs to everybody.
The house you think you own, your
hinds, your business, in reality, Ihey
ure only yours on lonn. You can'l lake
thom with you when you quit (liis
oarth. Homebody will tnke them up
where you left them, mud  after them,
mobody else, and so on.
Even you belong to somebody else.
Your offorts toward success and liappl-
s cannot  tirn  sololy  to you.    No
man loves isolation,   it would finally
cnl! tho hardest hoart!
Relationship makes humanity possible. No one is so happy ns when he is
doing something to muke someone else
happy. If you doubt this (Statement,
put it to the test and learn for your
si If. If you are greatly gifted, share
thoso giftB and yuu will presently realize tliiil your gifts have enlarged. For
il is ui.ly by giving nwny that a man
gets,
Tlie next tiilio you feel like getting
the bent of the olher fellow, bear in
mind tlmt that chap is related to you.
Thttl fact will make u difference worth
considering.
No. 2—Leckie's "Tartan"—Wet resistij)[
Iked. A great boot for ihe wet. We've
order and cnn gurtrontoo it in every wny.
ston 's price 	
Blucher. Heavy soles*
hnd this boot made up
Oood comfortable last.
-viscn-
to our
.lolni-
...87.00
No. 3—The B, 6. Weather Brand "Army Ta
soles—bellows tongue.   A wonder to wear,   (li
price for boots not as good as    these   $7.00.
I"-'';'' 	
ink
Blucher—Do'
anteed. Othor stores'
■illusion's guaranteed
 $6.00
Th.
I |.i
its amy bi
mail.
had nt either our Vain
Wi
minster
UMiu-mqii ot tnvtJiq fclcclHcB**^.
\J 4L9 ft-,. ■ \ : .5  ,\     Cull   <_■<-) i'r M   *_+■
I/asjol t in 6 C ''* /V£H Hts rH/MSTFaRr. I FAGtf TIN
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT...
.Jfovenber tt, IMS
The Pioneer Union Store
ISSUED   BY
REGISTERED
AUTHORITY OF
Union Label Clothing
That's What You
Should Wear
No difficulty in getting it now, for we carry a
very full and representative selection.
Every suit has the Union Label on coat, vest and
pants—a guarantee in itself.
Made from a nice range of good wearing yet
dressy fabrics, cut in stylish but conservative
models, these suits are worth buying on merit
alone.
$40  $45  $50
Claman's
153 Hastings Street West
LIMITED
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Copyright Hart Schaffner & Maw.
LABOB OOUNOIL  AND   CENSORSHIP OF LITERATURE
(Continued From Page 1.)
evacuation of nil Bussian territory und
opportunity for Russia's political development, wc, thc membera of the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council,
placo ourselves on record us being
against intervention iu Siberia or interfering in Russia's internal iilfuirs,
and that we submit the same to nil
trades councils in tho Dominion for
endorsation. Thc motion was ndopted
without dissent. .
A communication was received from
the Silverton Miners' Union expressing disapproval of the action of their
delegates to the Trades and Labor Congross of Canada convention, and approving of the action of Delegates
Midgloy and Kavanagh. Another communication was received from a inein-
mer of the Railway Trainmen, repudiating the stand taken by Vice-
President Murdoch of that organiza.
tion on tho question of tho no-strike
qorder-in-council.
Dealing with the question of proposed Western Labor conference, the
council instructed tho delegates of the
various unions to actively place tho
matter before  their memberships.
A resolution introduced from thc
Metal Trades Council, asking the council to appoint members of the council
to confer with the Metal. Trades Coun-1
cil and tho returned soldiers' organizations with the objeot of getting the
sii-hour day and the five-day week as
a means of alleviating the expected
labor market congestion, was adopted
and the executive instructed to up.
point the delegates.
President Winch, in reporting as to
his attending the funerals of two late
delegates to lho council, stuted that the;
Labor movoment had been hard hit by
the influenza epidemic, und referred
particularly to the late Bro. Morrill of
thc Plumbers ond to the late Bro.
Kelly, who had been president of the
council. He also urged the necessity
of consideration of the reconstruction
period and its problems, and stated
that it was Labor's mission to deal
with causes and not with effects, and
statod thut their activities must be directed to the ending of the present systom. Business Agent Midgley reported on his work since ho recovered from
tho "(lu," and stated that the eoopers
of the eitv were now organizing.
Del. Youhill reported that the Typographical Union had secured an increase in wages of 15 per cent, and
that the same was to date back to
July.
Tho cigar makers reported that they
had refused to use towels that wero
supplied to the factory by tho B. C.
Towel Supply Company.
The council adjourned ns statod to
go into executivo session on the
lnundry workers' situation.
ganizations of other Pan-American republics.
The objects of the new labor federation are thc establishment of better
conditions for working poople who emigrate from ono American country to another; the establishment of bettor understanding among tho working people of all tho Americas and the utilization of every means for the promotion
and welfare of tho peoples of these
countries. Eaeh country will be entitled
to at least two delegates. The fedoration will maintain pormancnt headquarters in Washington. The federation will meet annually on thc first
Tuosday in July.
NOTES OF INTEREST
A NEW FEDERATION
OF LABOR FORMED
Pan-American Conference Decides  on
Formation of New
Organization
At Laredo, Texas, last week a new
Foderation of Labor was formed. This
camo about as a result of the Pan-
American conference nt which the representatives of all the South American republics' labor organizations wore
represented.
Thc conference adjourned aftor a
Pan-American Federation of Labor had
been formed aud Samuel Gompers elected its chairman.
The new organizntion is to be composed of delegates from the representatives of tho Amorican Federation of
Labor ond delegates from the lubor or-
That "material interest" is tho
mainspring of human thought and action is still stoutly combatted; nevertheless it is amusing to see how it
makes its presenco felt again and again.
For instance, the London papers all
display in their editorials "a note of
deep anxiety lest the situation in Gormany degenerate into Bolshevism;"
nnd "President Wilson's timely counsel is hailed with approval, and his warning that hunger loads to madness is
quoted as touching a vital chord."
Thc newspapers agree that '' Germany must be fed, if only as a business
proposition, inasmuch as, if she. starved
to death, she could not pay whnt sho
owes." Tho Times sayB that "common humanity and common sense alike
compel the feeding of Gormany," while
the Daily News approves of Wilson's
"sane humanity," and says that "the
deliberate starving of Gormany would
he nothing but a stupid crime, and
stamp the brand of hypocrisy on all the
Allied professions." And the Daily Express chips in with "n starving nation
would bo u Bolshoviki nation—and Bolsheviki Germany would be as grave a
' menace as a Uohenzollorii Germany."
From which it appears that oven
I high-minded Christian peoples act from
"mixed motives" at thc best, although
they are slow to acknowledge it. And
'individuals act likewise; they like to
feel thoy are moved by lofty motives
! even when thfl muterial interest is re.
! ally the thing in viow. A young officer
—quite ti modest, decent sort of chap
was being innocently interrogated by a
' nows collector in the Hotel Vancouver
j lho othor ovening. Tlie otlicer was ut
I tnehed to the military expedition to bi
; sent ovor to Siberia; and in answer to
questions he stated that he thought thi
lighting would be over in about a year
and a half or two years, though thi
contracts wero for five years.
Comparing the situation in Siberia
with that which was similarly threatening in Austria, he explained that the
ii mount of Allied capital invested in
■he Russian territory was much greater
thun that invested in the Mid-European
monarchy. "And so thero wouldn't be
tho same incentive to intervene in Austria!" suggested the newspapor man.
"Well, you couldn't stand by and see
them kill one another," was the slow
reply.
Of courso, it may not be evident why
it would bo so much bettor to step in
uud kill poople off, instead of letting
thom kill themselves or ono another;
the point is that the young officer, being a decent Britisher, did not like to
admit that he was being sent out to de
stroy life, simply in defence of capital.
The funny man at tho lioyal tbis
week, exactly illustrates the situation
when he says, '' Wouldn 't it be wicked
of me to destroy my little master's
young life—nnd lose three months'
wages!" Of course the audtenci
laughs, being thore for that purpose;
but aren 't the statesmen and editors,
and war-mongers just us funny!
Patronize B. C. Federatlonist adver
Users and tell them why you do so
THE RED FLAG
There are flags and flags. Tho
Union'aJck has its history, and much
of its meaning is expressed in its
name. The Australian flag is British,
with the addition of the stars of the
Southern Cross constellation, symbolizing our southern land. And there Ib
both history and symbolism in every
national flag.
All these flags are national. They
relate to special peoples and to speeial
countrios—geographical ontities. Thoy
indicate certain divisions of the human
race. They rofer to special histories,
governments, laws nnd destinies.
Thc Red Flag has this distinctiveness—it is international in character.
It knows no race, no creed, no geographical divisions. It is the flag of
humanity in general. Under tho flutter of its crimson folds all men may
gather, for it stands for tho idea of universal freedom.
The Red Flag symbolizes the red
blood that flows in thc veins of all mon,
the same blood that indicates the brotherhood of the race. It is an emblem
that typifies the release of all men from
political and economic bondage. Just
bocuuse it is the symbol of Liberty, it
is a flag flung out in defiance to thc
forces tnat would enslave und destroy.
And in these dnys, as capitalism is
thc great enslaver, so thc Red Flag particularly marks tho revolt of Socialism
against the curse of exploitation. Thus
tho Red Flag is the emblem of Socialism and the Socialists—a world flog,
international, cosmopolitan, human. It
points' not to tho destiny of one nation
only, but to the emancipation and destiny of the wholo human race.
The Red Flag flies not for "concessions'' or "spheres of influence," nor
annexations or indemnities; there is nothing in it that signifies mastership
over others er profit-seeking; it does
not even mean a big or little trade, nor
big or little exports and imports. But
it does float in the brcozo as a symbol
of brotherhood and freedom. — The
Worker.
RETURNED SOLDIER
AND PENSION BOARD
Veteran Refuses Pension Sooner Than
Be Subject of Humbug
by Officials
WINDSOR. Ont.—Returned soldiers
here as elsewhere throughout Onttiri*
aru bitter against tlieir treatment by
pension Boards nppointed by the Bor.
den government.
This discontent is openly shown by
membors of the Great War Veterans'
Association, who are disgusted with
thc actions of men who profess to
honor the men who fought in France
and Flanders.
Robert Harrison, president of tho
local branch of the Great War Veterans' Association, has addressed the following letter, published In the Border
Cities' Era, Windsor organ of the
Veterans, to the pension board at
London:
"In reply to your letter sont to Mr.
W. C. Kennedy, M.P,, and myself, I
beg to say that I absolutely refused to
be examined again or horsed about by
your pension board.
"I was called to London on August
22nd, MUS, and understood that this
was a pension board, and nm ngnin
called to report on tho 7th of this
month. 1 claim the right as a free
citizen of tills country to say 'Yes' or
'No,' because I voluntarily went to
France to flght for my country ,nnd was
discharged its medically unfit and
given a pension. If seems now that. 1
cannot b eleft  in peace.
"I am nol well and never will be
through service tor my country, but
rather than be persecuted every few
weeks by running to London for modi-
Special
Values in
Womens
Hose
Black cotton fleeced Hose,
winter weight—45f pair,
3 pairs for 81.25.
Black Wool Mixed Hose,
special value 60*£ pair.
Colored Cotton Hose, medium weight, in champagne, grey, brown, Palm
Beach and bronze—65^
pair.
Fine grade colored Cotton
Hose in tan, brown, pearl
and cream—75^ pair.
Pine Black Pure Wool
Cashmere Hose, English
make, seamless. Special
value—$1.35 pair.
Fine Silk Hose with lisle
sole, toes and heels, and
strong garter top; in
navy, pearl, gunmetal and
black—$2.00 pair.
UttTM
575 Grancllle "Phone Sey. 3540
REV. DR. C. J. BATES
ON THE ASIATICS
Japan Now Able to Compete
With All Other
Nations
A serious, not to say startling, viow
of tho trend of world events, especially
in connection with the Asiatic peoples,
was presented at a moeting in Wesley
church hall on Wednesday evoning, tho
speaker being Rov. Dr. C. J. Batos, who
has for a considerable period been at
tho head of a large educational institution in Japan. His talk had for its
topic "Japan and the War," but in a
prolimiuary survey he took in the Asiatic peoples as a whole, insisting on tho
necessity of considering things from
their point of viow, since, after a sleep
of centuries, they were boing awakened
to a new life.
The speaker pointed out that in Asia
950 millions of people were restricted
to a terirtory only one-fifth tho sizo of
that occupied by 600 millions of whites,
and that thoy were waking up to a realization of that fact. The attitude
adopted toward them by Canada, the
United Stntes and Australia, had in offect closed to them three great territories, ouch as large as Europe; and
thoy were consequently feeling a sense
of great injustice Ho was not suggesting thut wo ought to change our immigration policy; but it was necessary to
see the problem from thc other end, in
order to understand "the demand that
was going to bc made by these people
in the coming years."
Speaking first of India, ho stated that
probably not moro than 7 per cent, of
the mon could read and write, not moro
than one womnn in 144; yot it might be
"necessary" to extend to them tho
privileges they desired. In place of ignorance and superstition, they needed
education; and instead of being
"bled," they wanted a revised economic systom which would not place them
at such a disadvantage with the rest of
tho world. Great Britain has not done
all she might; and if new relations did
not take place, it would moan "tho
smash-up of the British Empire."
Of China it hnd been assorted that,
when she was moved, she would move
the world, ln spito of prophecies to thc
contrary, China had moved. She had
discarded her old educational system,
as well as her "picturesque pig.tails,"
and was being trained in the wnys of
modern industry.
Japan, 25 years ago, was at zero; now
at the end of the war, she was one of
tho five grent powers of tho world. As
tho destinies of Europe wero today
largely in the hands of Groat Britain,
and those of America iu the hands of
tho Unitod Statos, so the destinies of
Asia were in the hands of Japan. She
was the only nation in Asia with a settled self-govemmentj China wub unsettled, and India had not "a government
that has come up out of ihe will, heart
and intelligence of the people themselves." Japan's educational systom
was one of tho best iu the world, and
t»8 per cent, of the children were enrolled. She was the only one of the Asiatic nations "industrially and commercially prepared to deal with modern
lift! and conditions."
The speaker referred to a statement
that 15.000 young officials in China had
been educated in Japan; also thut nine-
tenths of the Japanese students in tho
government colleges professed no religious belief whatever. "The great peoples of Asia will be educated along
scientific lines, with God left out—unless we supply the spiritual element,"
he declared; and ho did not appear to
think that the prospect of this "spiritual element" jjoing forthcoming were
any too rosy. Yet only by the application of Christian principles could the
world 'h problem^ be settlod. The war
had been fought "to show that resorting to war, to settle the world'B problems will not pay."
The best way to nssist the Federationist, is to inform your storekeeper
lhat you appreciate his patronage of
your paper. Ho will understand your
viewpoint and the Foderntionist will
oonerit by it.
cul boards, to be mawlod uround by
the medical staff for what is duly
mine, I say ' No.' I would much
rnther yon would give my pension to
the wife of one of my dead comrades,
who, perhaps, may need it more thnn
I do. I can stand my sufferings in
silence, feeling that I have 'played the
game* for my country and trust that
Ihis will be final, fer thc present, us
far as I am concerned."
Executive Favors Proposed
Western  Labor
Conference
The executive committoe of local 620
mot on Monday, Nov. 18, at 8 p.m., in
order to pass thc necessary orders-in-
counoiL
Sevoral mattors of extreme importance wore taken up, some of them being doalt with and others being loft
over for the rogular meeting, whioh it
is expected will be held on Monday,
Nov. 23. The results of the efforts of
certain interests in tho Prairie Provinces to flood tho Labor market on the
coast, wore discussed at length, and it
was decided to insert a nonce in tho
Winnipeg Freo Press acquainting labor
in goneral and engineers in particular,1
that tho labor shortage on the coast
exists only in the imagination of the individuals who aro responsible for tho
circulation of tho stories of said shortage. It was, in the opinion of the executive, a duty taht Local 620 owed to
the engineers of tho provinces in ques.
tion, to acquaiat them of the conditions
as they really exist on tho coast, and
so prevent the workers from the East
from going to the expense of moving to
tho coast, spending their hard-earned
savings and finally finding their last
condition worso than thoir first.
During the paat few weeks, many
men have found thomsolves in this position, and havo been forcod to tako any
thing that offered. Tho question of
holding a western conforonco and the
referendum submitted by tbe B. C. Federation of Labor executivo upon same,
was discussed, ia order to make the executive familiar with tho idea, the pros
and cons were gono into, and the question of tho oxpenso that would be incurred in taking all tho delegates of the
bodies affiliated with the B. C. F. of L.
was commented on, but the idea of
holding a conference of that nature was
heartily endorsed, and no doubt dofinito
action will bo takon at the next regular
meeting of Local 620.
A combined mectiug of tho executive
and stationary engineers committeo
will be held in tho near future, at
which a set of revised bylaws will bo
drawn up, and u circular letter bc
drafted, both to be submitted, to overy
membor of the organization. The members of the local who have been down
with tho "Flu" aro getting around
again. To date, four members have
diod, among them being Bro. A. J. Dow-
ling, of Port Alberni, whoso relutives,
so far, have not been located.
The widow of the late Bro. J. E. Porter has beon in a very Bcrious condition,
and is now well on tho road to recovery. Thc family of the deceased brother has received substantial assistance
from tho North Vancouvor city council,
and the council arc being nsked to as-'
sist this family to get to relatives in
Portland, Oregon. So far, thc attempt
to collect the deceased brother's wages
from the baakrupt Taylor Brothers Engineering Co. have met with little success, but it is hoped that when the law
has worked its majestic course, this
money will bo forthcoming, ftnd will
holp a littlo towards alleviating the
suffering of this distressed family.
Special Offer to
Federationist Readers
This week I am making an introductory offer for the
new Winter importations of British woolens—just
arrived. I am offering my regular $45 and $60 suit
lengths, made up in regular Tom-the-Tailor style, for
$35
To readers of the Federationist who will cut out this
advertisement and bring it into either of my stores
the offer will hold good for another week.
Consider the price of woolens today and what they
will be tomorrow and take advantage of this offer.
mm
632GRANVniE
3t4HASTINGSW
UNION SHOP
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Patronize B. O. Fedorationist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Quality Clothes
The new Fall Garments are lined up ready
for your choosing.
A brief look will tell you that you can do
much better with your clothes money here than
you can do elsewhere.
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 GRANVILLE STREET
THE LARGEST UNION STOBE FOR MEN IN THE WEST
More than ever the idea
that you've got to have an
o'coat—comes home to you
as the days slip by.
BUT!—don't mistake the value
when buying—don't be misled by
the something-for-nothing signs
—it can't be done—and still
maintain a real standard of
value.
Here are the coats that "Bill"
can come up and slap you on the
shoulder and say, "That's a
REAL coat, Joe."
REAL VAIiWE
REAL QUALITY
MATERIALS
REAL UP-TO-DATE
STYLES
made up and finished by the
largest tailoring houses in the
Dominion.
AT DICK'S YOU'LL ALWAYS FIND
A LITTLE MORE VALUE AT A
LITTLE LOWER PRICE - THAN
ELSEWHERE.
$15 to $50
The quality is guaranteed—the materials are backed
by our well known guarantee—"Your money's
worth or your money back."
33-45-47-49, Hastings St.Easfr.
10 Per Cent. Off to Returned Soldiers—10 Per Cent.

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