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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 4, 1919

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 BRITISH
omnIAI* PAPBB: VAKCODVEB TBADBS AM) LABO_j QpgNOIL, AN       D.B. 0. PBDBBATION OP LABOB
FEDERATIONIST
POLITICAL TORT:   V-OTOBT
14
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 4,1919
MINERS FAVOR THE
ONE BIG UNION
lumb:
minors
tion   of
Naylor
X
.Enquiries    Being:   Received
front All Parts as to
New Organization
Tne proposal put forward at Calgary
to , *_ ' volislx One Big Union of all ln-
workors ia meeting with oven
•approval than was expected by
■ t enthusiastic at the confer-
oxn. every part of British Cord is being received that the
unanimous in their endoraa-
proposal. "Vice-president J".
he B. O. Federation of
Labor ia \*Ta ^ work in the many mining camp ^3 ld he states that the
miners »ti •£ y favor the proposed
new   orgam-^   in.
_tS--t Xtossla. -**f -which has been dis-
organized for some time, the men are
greatly in favor of the new venture,
ami tliis in spito of tho fact that four
international representatives aro in
that place trying to reorganize the in-
ternational local. Kimberley, Nelson,
Trait and other parts also report a
general   endorsation of the proposal.
On Tuesday evening the Machinists
_L,o clge, 777, liel d a largely attended
meeting to consider thc proposal, and
while no ballot -was taken, a vote was
taken as to the feeling of the members
present, only seven voting against the
proposition. Enquiries are being received from all parts of the country,
including the larger centres in the
£ast, such as Montreal and Toronto,
as to the plans and the objects of the
One Big Union, all showing a lively
interest in thc question. The District
Ledger, tlie miners * official organ . in
.District 1-S, is asking for funds for the
carrying on of propaganda, and many
individuals are subscribing to the fund
for this purpose. Next week the local
unions will have the call for the referendum, and the locals affiliated with
the -B. C Federation of Lubor will receive sufficient ballots for the membership. It is expected that all thc ballots will bo in by May 10, and the
result    known   beforo   the  end  of May.
KAVANAGH DEALS
WITH WORLD EVENTS
Conditions   Responsible for
.Revolutionary Periods
Not Men
There was again a well-filled house
for the meeting of tho Socialist Party
of Canada last Sunday ovening. J.
Kavanagh was the speaker, -with Comrade   Vincent in  tho chair.
-Comrade Kavanagh, in opening, mentioned that there are two things in thc
X>-*oin i u ion , of Canada which provide
matter for thc newspapers at the present time. "Bolahevism" and the "One
Big Union." In the States, they have
only Bolshevism. The      bourgeoiso
scribes of the newspapers imagine that
both these movements originate in tho
brain of m>oic individual or set of in-
dividuals.
The speaker set out to show that
movements did not originate in tho
mind of some so-called leader or load-
at__rs*-9 »nd examined the reasons for the
growth of oBlshevisra. For some IS
months now, they have had a proletarian dictatorship in Russia, which Is described by tbe capitalist press as being
un autocracy worso than any tyranny
of   the   Czar's   regime.
Whut are the conditions existing in
ii*_i£=.^isjt at the present moment f Russia
-went and wc know why Russia went.
It went because of the conditions that
tho workers and. peasants were living
under. -%x_*tcT the revolution, when the
Czar -was deposed, the workers and peasants found that thoso put in power
could not, or would not, perform the
promises made to them. They could
not give the land back to the peasants,
because they wore endeavoring to maintain   a   bourgeois  system  of society.
Referring to the reason for a.proletarian dietatorship, the speaker pointed
out that the larger portion of those
taking part in thc revolution did not
fully understand the meaning of the revolution. The first thing whieh confronted revolutionary Russia was tho
fac t that the people having been accustomed to oppression for years, and
always having; worked hard, the first
conception they got of the meaning of
the rovolution was that they would not
be required to work any more. So that
it becamo necessary to compel those
workers to go hack to work in spito of
-whatever ideas they had as to the iion-
nccesaity of working. Dictatorship is a
jo oc ess ity to the proletarian revolution.
.Discipline is essential to the proletarian
movement,. which is a social movement,
a movement for tho .obliteration of
class rule. It is necessary to thc maintenance of the structure of the new or-
dcr. It     -was    therefore    necessary   for
society in Bussia to compel all of its
members to work and produce those
things necessary to maintain the revolution, and supply thc revolutionary
army -with thcir requirements, in order
that they could suppress counter-revolutionary forces. Tbe bourgeoise counter-revolutionaries opened ap hidden
-wane cellars, and gave everybody they
co ul d gc t hold of, all tho wine they
eould drink. Here is an example of thu
disciplinary methods of the Russian So-
viets. They destroyed theso wine cellars and poured the liquor into the
-streets and canals. It was sober think-
ing men they needed and not drunken
men.
_A.11 the repressive measures instituted by tho Bolsheviki have been put
into force to prevent the bourgcosie
from again gaining power. The Allied.
y>ower» have given ull the assistance
they could to these counter-revolution-
aries. The Bolsheviki realized the necessity of educating the masses as to
thc character of the revolution ,und tho
requirements   of   the   new   order.
Referring to thc situation locally, and
the necessity for the sound education
of the workers, tho speaker aaid that
with education comes, not only the
knowledgn of how and when to act, but
also the knowledge how whon not to
move. Many attempts would be made
to stir up thc working class, (particu-
Inrlv    that    portion   of   the   workers  who
tad    been   engaged in  the war, and are
(Continued   on  p-ajrc   8_
LOGGERS MAKING
THE THOUSAND
Organizer McKenzie Is Re*
lieved of Cash Belonging
to Union
Conditions in  Camps Are
Beyond Description But
Will Be Remedied
The third month's quota hai been
reached with taore than half of the
time still to run. The thousand a
month is easy, and, thanks to the constant opposition of certain employers,
and tho widespread attempts to introduce the nine and ten-hour day, it bo*
comes obvious to even the least enlightened camp worker, that organization on the job is the only thing which
will enable him to retain any semblance of a human being. Wednesday's
issue of a Vancouvor daily gave an account of treatment handed out to Organizer McKenzie at Cranbrook -by a
bunch of unenlightened instruments of
wealth production. Two things were
outstanding in the account of the occurrence, one was that tho disciples of
freedom nnd democracy, and tho principle of right, who objected to Moc'b
activities, immediately resorted to the
uso of force, and further went for the
cash that ho had upon him, cash which
belongs to this organization, being
money collected from membors who
hnd joined. No word has yet beon received from McKenzie, but when wo
have hia account it will be possiblo to
act in thc protection of tho interests of
orgunized labor, which are obviously
at stake in this matter.
Authentic roports from Cranbrook
district stato thnt conditions in tho
camps there are about as rotten as cnn
bo conceived. Men sleeping in double
bunks made of poles and filled with
what was onco called hay; no hath or
proper sanitary conveniences, and pigs
roaming at large throughout the camp.
It is about time that salvation, enmo
the way of thc logger, and, fortunately
for him, it is coming from within and
not from above, and is aiming through
organization on thc job to deal with
causes and not with effect*.
Tho organizers in the eastern parts
of thc province are producing splendid
results.
Many camp delegates are reporting
from a 70 to 100 per eent. organization.
Some camps in attempting to introduce
a longer working day have been faced
with united action by tho men, who
have refused to work under thd proposed conditions. At the Keystone
outfit at Mission City the whole bunch
of Orientals quit at the same timo us
tho other men.
If there is not a delegate in your
camp select a member to act in that
capacity, and write the office for supplies. Get copies of tho henlth regulations for rumps, Workmen's Compensation Act ond first aid kit requirements.
They ean be obtained direct from head-
quarters.
This week the regular meeting will
he held on Friday night at 8 o 'clock so
as to permit thc members to attend tho
meeting in thc Empress Theatro on
Sunday at 3 p.m., concerning thc One
Big Union  proposal.
Local 620, Engineers
Owing to the surplus of engineers on
the labor market at presont, caused by
thc stoppage of industries connected
with tho production of war essentials,
and the inability of our government,
under the present system of competitive commercialism to do anything except mnke promises, various members
of Local 020, as well as returned soldiers, aro beginning to blumo tho
unions becnuso thoy are out of n job.
A referendum vote on the question of
favoring thc formation of One Big
Union will shortly bo sent to members
of Local 620. and as the proposition of
organizing along industrial lines, and
forming Ono Big Union was endorsed,
there is every reason to believe thut
tho .referendum voto on this question
will bc practically unanimous.
Members who can attend the business
meetings should make a special point iit
trying to attend as matters of vital importance arc discussed at every meeting, und the members who do attend,
and do thoir bit in assisting in currying on the business in the interests of
all our in embers, by trying to millto
working conditions more tolerable,
would no doubt appreciate a lit lie nssistanco from somo of the slack ors in
tbo shipynrds.
A Mass
Meeting
Will Be Held on
Sunday Afternoon
—in the—
EMPRESS THEATRE
under the auspices of
the Trades and Labor
Council
for the discussion
of the 0. B. U.
Admission by Union
Card only.
Doors open at 2.30.
Commence at 3 p.m.
live Topics Continue to Be
Interesting to Labor
Party Mattings
That interest in- thoBo objects for
which tho Federated If bor Party was
formed is growing rather than abating
is evidenced weekly a)i tho Sunday
meetings, Tho regular meetings for
business purposes show* the same growing determination to "push tho business." At last Tuesday's business
meeting the report of eonvention delegatea occupied the moBt of tbe ovening. Thoro was genoral satisfaction
that the annual meeting had contended
itself with simply "elaborating" the
principles involved* in the original
declaration of aim without making any
change in the twenty-six words which
constituto the party platform.'
On Sunday next ijlss Gutteridge will
address tho North Vancouver moeting;
Mr. A. S. Wolls will speak at Now
Westminster; Dr. Curry, goes to Victoria and Mr. I. p. Woodsworth to
Powell Hi ver, whore he will address
two meetings.
On Friday (tonight) -the South Hastings Branoh is holding a social gathering to which a number of comrades
from other branches arc expected.
Laet Thursday Mr. J; S. Woodsworth
addressed tho now branch ' at West
Burnaby, at tho Labor'Party Hall, Jubilee Station.
School will continuo kt 641 Oranvillo
Stroet at 2.30 Sunday. The Labor
Forum which meets at tho samo time
and place, will listen to a debute between Comrades L. P. Nelson and W.
L. Ainger on tho subject: "Resolved
thut oconomic action is more olfectivo
than parliamentary.",
Mr. Haywood will .conduct choral
practice following tho school, at i p.m.*
(Ia VsneoUTcr
oitr, «2.oo
) $1.60 PER YEAR
Alberni Cadi Sees Red and
Soaks a Red for His .*
Misdeeds
10M
Organization Would Have
to Follow Industrial
System?
The Central Committee has issued tho
following us a leaflet,'on tf he formation
of the Ono Big Uni out* '
Pcrowotdu
Thc press ifl Twit abusing tho Western
Labor Conferenco, and, .'villifying tho
Ono Bg Union bocanse it has nothing
elso to do. It is speaking on behalf of
its mnstors, tho employing class. It is
pursuing its logical programmo of belittling any honest effort of the workers
to "ceaso chasing rainbows" and organize on a banis that alono will ensure to thom a chnnce*of meeting tho
masters in tho industrial* field. It is
now praising eruft organizations
(which in times post it abused and condemned) becnuse it realigns thut craft
unionism ennnot disturb its musters.
Many questions no doubt presont
themselves to tho mim'O of (ho average
members of organized labor who are
honcBtly desirous of" improving their
form of organization, chief of which wo
imagine will bc; How shall wo go about
the formation of ."The Ono Big
Unloni" And many think that Ihey
must sever connections with their present International Union? Thut is not
so.
Let us bring to your attention recommendations Nos. 5 and <i of tho policy
committee of the Western Conference.
5. In tho opinion .pf the committee
it will ba necessary fn establishing un
industrial form of organization to work
through the existing; Trudes Councils
and District Boards;] and no definite
plan of organization tan bo submitted
unHl after tho referendum hus been
tuken.
fi. Tho committee /further recom-
mends that after tbo returns of the
vote are received tho eent ml committeo
shall call a conference of representatives of Trades Councils and District
Boards to perfect the plans of organization, the basis of representation being: Affiliated membership leaa than
45000, one; under J0,Q00, two; over 10,-
000, three.
No. 5, you will see, ilfpws thnt in promoting tho now form of organization,
wc shall work through existing bodies,
and that no definite steps cun be taken
until we are assured by tho vote of tho
rank and file that they desire industrial
organization.
No. ti, you will further observe, demands a further conferonco of representatives of all Trades Councils and
District Boards, who ahull perfect plans
of organization and -dfevelop " definite
line of action,
Thc central executive committeo is
but a temporary boaytjclecied to prepare propaganda and issue and receive
ballots on tho referendum. Wo cannot,
therefore, tako on werk lu which we
have not beon committed, and concerning which we hnvo not .been instructed.
However, it appeals < that many opponents, who know .better, and other
workers who are honest but do not
know, think that by industrial organization wo shall throyr the workers fo-
gethcr promiscuously, without regard
i'or tho industry; botJlc .-washers, boiler
makers nnd musicians,-, for instance.
Such a contention isj Meticulous on tho
face of it. Craft j&fjjtaization is according to craft, i. o-,j .painter, plumber,
machinist, sheet metal worker, etc. Industrial organization miift be according
to industry, i. e., shipbuilding, building
trudes, mining, transportation, publie
service (Civic Employees). Theso will
be subdivided according to trados, necessarily, but will discuss together al!
common questions, and vote and net on
them together.
Do you sec tho difference f
Instead of one trade hetlng, or coming out on strike, by itsolf, it will and
can only uct, togothecwith other trados
of the same industry.
When we do writo a constitution for
the new industrinl organisation, it must
be drafted upon tho lino of industries
as they exist, nnd to fliat extent workers will be organizod to their association iu tho product o'f Iheir joint labor,
and not by tho "craft" they follow.
The "cruft" (tho work of tho "skilled" workman) is being wiped out by
tho machine.
Industrial organization is nn advance
upon tho old and notv obsolete "ciuft"
form, because it places tho workers ia
Later Sees His Folly and Attempts to Make a
Compromise
[By W. W. Lefeaux]
A local magistrate is a curious animal; the species, in many varieties, has
been common throughout history and
tho annals of jurisprudence are replete
with stories and anecdotes anont the
local cadi-—wiso and otherwise.
Thoy have ono at Fort Alberni on
Vancouver Island, Unfortunately there
is communication between the Island
nnd the Mainland, or we might reap
some satisfaction from the idea that
ho waa confined thereon.
Lest thero Bhould bo any doubt re*
Carding the authenticity of the present story the writer will givo the description cf the specimen of the variety
of the species about which this real-
human-intcrcst-lifo-story centres. He iH
known as the polico magistrate at Port
Alborni-
At Fort Alberni there also resides
one yclept Mortz. Now Mortz. nnd tho
polico magistrate have different philosophies of life. Mcrtz's philosophy is
deeply tinged with red and of a
rather looking-nhcad nature; the philosophy of the cadi partakes moro of tho
bullish characteristic of "seeing red"
und a natural inclination towards tho
atavistic occupation of looking backward and yearning for tho good old
days "when tho working class kopt
tlieir place, don't-ch'er-know."
Anyway, Mortz used to read, or had
in his possession, or was caught looking at, or quoted from, or subscribed
for or did something elso by, with, to,
froiu or towards tho Melting Pot. Now
for tho sake of tho uninitiated this
will bear witness that the Melting Pot
is not "a new kind ow anarchistic bomb,
but a pnpor published and circulated
in tho United States, dealing onaliti-
cully with modern conditions and
which sometimes speaks in a somewhat
caustic vein concerning our divinely
appointed authorities. For all of
which delinquencies the writer admits
the right of tho aforesaid divinely appointed authorities to administer salutary admonishment.
However, lot's to the story. It ap*
pears that tho Melting Pot was banned.
And thon nroso another Melting Pot.
And Mcrtz wns caught as hereinbefore
mentioned in closo juxtaposition to this
other arisen Melting Pot. But all
Melting Pots look rod to tho local Solon
who decreed thnt the suid Mcrtz forthwith throw tho sum of three hundred
bonos into tho melting pot of constituted authority as a small and very
lenient penanco for his audacious
crimo.
Mcrtz wns defended by J. E, Bird
from Vancouvor, who immediately gave
notice of appeal against tho decision.
And now our local dispenser of justico
begins to quake a littlo. for appeals
havo been known to bo decided according to thc law and not always according to tbe condition of tho 'digestion and the bile. Accordingly a little
comedy in rcul lifo is staged. Tho
prosecution approaches tho malefactor
and offers a compromise. If tho defence will nbondon its appeal against
the conviction of thn criminal thc fino
shull bc reduced to fifty bones!
Machinists District Council
Tho Machinists District Council will
hold a meeting on Saturday afternoon
in tho Capital City, when mutters of
interest to tbe machinists will bc den It
with.
a position whereby they can function
effectively in defence—and for such
concessions thut mnrkct conditions will
allow.
One Big-Union of tho workers would
bo impracticable unless cast in the
sume mould as the industrial system in
which we live and work.
If we »re prepared, as members of
thc working class, to recognize each
other its comrades of oae body, of ono
class, theu the next logical step is to so
organize as to place our Hirers in tho
same relation to employers ns they uro
to us.
Lator, wc hope, if finances permit, to
publish a leaflet showing the reduced
overheud expenses of industrinl organization, us ngninst the present "craft"
form, i. 0., that industrinl organization
is cheaper and more efficient for ita
mombors. This will be our next Bulletin,   Look out for it.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, April 0—Moving Pic
lure Operators, Soft Drink Dis*
pensors, City Firo Fighters.
MONDAY,  April   7—Machinists
No. 720, Policemen, Steam and
Operating Engineers, Tailors,
Boilermakers.
TUESDAY, April 8—Barbors,
Pressmen, Amalgamated Curpenters, Machinists No, 777.
WEDNESDAY, April 0—Oas
Workers, Metal Trades Coun-
cil, Stereotypers, Boilermakers
Examining Board, Hotel uud
Bestaurant Employoes, Teamsters aad Chauffeurs, Lnundry
Workers.
THURSDAY, April 10—Trudes
and Labor Council, Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen,
Cnulkers, Sheet Metal Workers, Machinists No, 132, Painters, Shipwrights.
FRIDAY, April 11—Connors,
Jewelry Workers, Pile Drivers
and Wooden BridgomOU, Boilermakers Executive, Shipyard
Laborers, Plumbers, Mill and
Factory Workers.
SATURDAY, April 12-Bakcrt.
Views With Dismay Proposals of the Draft for
League of Nations
Hr. Francis Johnson, socretary of the
Independent Labor Party of Great
Britain, has forwarded to us the following resolution on the blockade passed by that organization;
Besolution
"The National Council of the Independent Labor Party regards with feelings of horror tho conditions to which
Central Europe and Bussia have been
reduced, and tho situation of social
anarchy which has been created, so
inimical to a satisfactory peace settlement, by tho maintenance of the
blockade. The- blockade was an act of
war, und its maintenance can in no
circumstances be justified when hostilities have ccusod. Tho council calls for
the immediate raising of the blockade,
so that the starving nations may be
given an opportunity to feed themsolves, and that tho conditions of a
juit and responsible peace may be
established."
Dealing with the League of Nations
the party has the following to say:
"The National Administrative Council of the Independent Labor Party regards with dismay the proposals of tho
Draft Covenant for a League of Nations'now before tho Peace Conference
in Paris. This scheme fails to fulfil
tho promises of tho Allies' statesmen
that a Leaguo o£ Nations would be
constituted for the purposo of securing
world peaco. The draft scheme, on the
contrary, is not a league of nations,
but an autocratic alliance or a fow
great powers. The schemo perpetuates
in en aggravated form all the evils of
tho old- policy of groups and alliances.
It is wholly undemocratic both in its
character, and constitution, and makes
no provision for tho control of international policy, either by parliaments
or peoples, and tho council considers
thnt it should be unreservedly condemned.
E.T.
SHORT in OF
1 CENTRAL
ON THE 0. B. U.
The   State   Is   No Easy
Proposition   to
Conquer
"Ono Big Unton" was the topic
which drew a full house at the Theatre
Boyal on Sunday evening, the principal
speaker boing introduced by Chairman
W. B. Trotter, as "The Old War Horso,
E. T. Kingsley."
Comrado Kingsley dryly remarked
that it really looked liko Mono big
union" at tho present moment, the
whole world being in a stato of turmoil
"never duplicated in history bofore."
Tho mechanism of class control had
suddenly boon thrown out of joint by
a .spawn of fury—tho outcome of a civilization based on slavery. Following
the ravages of war, famine and plugue,
a peace conference wus up against revolution and n stoppage of industrial lifo
moro widespread than'over before. Tho
sudden conversion of tho moans of production to purposes of slaughter was
tho last act of this civilization. No
means had been even suggested whereby the rulers could cope with its col*
lapse; thc revolution threatened in the
near future to sweep every pnrt of the
civilized world.
By state mechanism alone hnd government been maintained aU through
the ages. It was that which "kopt tho
workers subjected to exploitation. No
individual capitalist or capitalist concern could rise above, or defy, thc power of tho stute, which was devised to
further tbe interests of the ruling cluss
as a whole. And thc workers, being
property themselves, could not infringe
on the rights of thcir masters to that
property, except by ono course-—tho
conquest of that institution known as
"Tho Stute."
The State was no easy proposition to
conquer; every man, woman and child
was within the roach of its tentacles.
They could not declare open rebellion
without the state knowing it. The fight
tnust be made in the open, nlong lines
acknowledged as legitimate by the stato
itself; Ity tho franchise, so long ns thut
road was open, however restricted,
The difficulty of the conquest was
"not, bochuso the workers don't outnumber It uguin nnd uguin, but becnuse
of lho deep-seated superstition in tho
heuds of our own cluss ns to the rover-
onco wo owe to the state." The state
consisted of nothing but the power of
repression; it issued the ediet, "Thou
shalt not," nn4 bucked it with force.
The speaker's view was thut concessions won by such n method ns tho
strike always had a string to thom by
which they could bo "yanked bnck,"
or olse they were in some other way
nullified. Ho declared that "the wago
has not been altered onc five-cent pieco
sinco tho first union was formed, by
any such means. Otherwise the Marxian theory itself would stand reputed,
The Standard Oil Co. never triod to
fix the price of its oil; if it did, trnde
fell off through recourse to substitutes.
Similarly the price of labor-power could
not bo maintained ngninst a falling
market. Concessions were only a temporary loss to tho ruling class, und were
recouped in other ways; wero in fact
taken hack several times over. Thus
an advance in wages, on the United
States railways, tu the amount of .'100
millions was accompanied by an advance la freight charges to the extent
of H00 millions, "paid by overy man,
woman and child all over tho country."
Thc speaker insisted' "That is an epitome of thc whole struggle for wnges.
You can force no concessions from those
maatera except what they see fit to givo
you.''
It was true that the Bussian revolution was not accompanied by dropping
pieces of paper into a ballot box; but
that revolution never hud u moment's
certainty till they had smashed the
power of the state.. They had to rise
up nnd seize tlmt stnte; and they did
it. For the Bolsheviki, no olher means
wus available but open uprising; and
the result of their sudden smushing of
the muchine was general confusion. In
such a collapse, the workers would bo
the first to fool tho consequences. Only
(Continued on Page 8)
Committee Is Appointed to
Act With Returned Men
Now on Strike
Great Northern Reduces the
Wages for Car Cleaners
Five Cents Per Hour   *
Last night's moeting of tho Tradei
and Labor Council was a short one,
the council adjourning at 9.30 to go
into executive sesion.
Delegates froimthe Laundry Workers
and the Loggers were seated oa credentials being received.
A number of communications wero
received, amongst which was one from
tho Men's Brotherhood of St, John'a
Church, asking delegates of the couneil
to attend .the meetings of this body on
Sunday afternoons. The matter waa
referred to the delegates' atttention.
The Hotel and Bestaurant Employees
reported that they were attempting to
organize tho workers   in   the   White    \
Lunches in the city, and asking for the
support of organized labor in their ef- -
forts.
Tho committee on tho Street Bail*
wnymen's differences was authorized
to meet in the day time, and to have
their  expenses  paid.
BuBtnesa Agent'1 Beport
Business Agent Midgley reported
that ho had attended to the regular
routine business, and that a profit of
$48.30 had been made on the flrst
pamphlet issued by the council; he also
reported on the referendum*, taken on
the question of referring disputes to
tho council for settlement, which show*
ed a majority of the unions in favor,
Trouble on the 0. N.
Bel. Wells reported that the Great
Northern Bailway had reduced the
wages of tho Car Cleaners, and that
prior to this Chinamen had been employed at the rate of 37 cents per hour,
but returned men had been put on, and
now wages wore being cut five centa
per hour; he also stated that the returned men had quit as a protest.
It was moved that a committee be
appointed to act in conjunction with
the returned men in the muter. Thia
was adopted. Del. Midgley moved that
the committee be formed of the returned members of tho council. This waa
adopted. Notices of motion to amend
the constitution were read a flrst time
and wiU be brought up at the neit
meeting of the couneil. A notice of
motion to amend the constitution, a*
that money ean be voted at any meeting of the counoil, wae on motion left
over until the next meeting, in order
that the treasurer could draft his motion.
Bel. Smith reported on the trouble
between tho Lathers and the Plasterers, and it was suggested that tho two
organiaations enter into an agreement,
and that in ease of any trouble in the
future the council would act as arbitrators.   This was adopted.
Del. Smith moved that Del. Hardy
bo removed from the executive, in
view of tho fact that he was acting on
tho efficiency committeo at Coughlan's.
In making the motion, he stated that
he would not be averse to seeing Del.
Hardy on tho executive after he had
finished on the job he was now at, but
did not think that ke eould act in the
two capacities. Some little discussion
onsued, and President" Winch stacd that
Dol. Hardy had informed him that so
long as he held the position ho wee
now in that be would not attend the
eiecutive meetings. Tho motion waa
adopted.
Del, Anderson was appointed to aet
on the committeo on Streot Railway-
men 's differences. Miss Gutteridge reported tbat the garment workers were
now currying on negotiations for a
new scale, and urged tho support ef
labor men, und asked them to boost
union mado overalls, which woro made
in-the city by Thompson ft Sons and
Hamilton Cnrhartts. The meeting adjourned at lt.30 p.m.
A. R. Sinclair and J. Smith
Will Deal With AU
Current Topics
Amongst the members of the work*
ing class there is a growing senso of
class solidarity, a development of class
consciousness, of class knowledge; there
is a growing appreciation of the only
solution of the social problem, tho destruction of the commodity characteristic of labor power. A consciousnese
of the need for wrestling the political
power from the hands of thc master
class arises, together with a knowledge
of where that power exists, vis., in the
state. The problems of the working
class arc dealt with by men who are
students of scientific Socialism at tho
Empress Theatre every Sunday night
Questions nnd discussions following
thc speaker's address.
Before the Court
A booklet containing tho statements
of Nearing and Debs before tho courts
recently hus been issued by thc People's
Print, 138 W. 13th Street, New York
City. The prico is ]0 cents per copy,
with prices for quantities on application. This booklet of 22 pages gives
Neuriug's summing up before the court,
uud Debs' statoment <s well worth tho
rending by anybody interested in tho
working class movement. It is a
scathing indictment of the present system, aud lays bare the clnss nature of
capitalism, We recommend this booklet ns being woll worth while.
General Teamsters and Chauffeurs
All members should attend next
Wednesday night as details for taking*
the referendum vote on the One Big**!
Union will be given out, ulso the date™
of the amalgntion dance, which will be |
held shortly. r
PAGE TWO
eleventh teab. no. u   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb,. b. o.
FBIDAT-.
 Ipril  4, IM*
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ss-
- Robins free, Now Speaks
Recognition of tho Loninc-Trotsky
government by the Allies and the United States was urged by Col. Raymond
Robins, former head of the American
Bed'Cross mission to Bussia, in an address bofore the League of Freo Nations Association.
Asserting that since his retirement
from the mission, he felt no longer the
necessity of silence, Colonel fiobins
vigorously defended tho Bolshevik
leaders, and criticised the attitude of
fthe United States against them.
Col.  Robins said he had found the
r
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fllst.r'1 Boll.d Ayrshire  Bacon, ner
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Sinter*.  A-rr.hll-0  Btck   Bacon,  p.r
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Flneet ■ Cerno-ion Oompoand Lard,
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Flneet Bufar-cured Cottage Boll.,
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Plant Oreamerr Batter, 8 lba. |1.7(
Plant Mew Zealand Butter, lb 60a
V. B. rretk Bgga, do.en «0o
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A dtoiw Urn et UNJON-MADB slues in nil Ue wanted leathers
Md leather shade*—tho handiwork of the ablest craftsmen in tho
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Of HASTINGS «. KAOT
Soviets wore the only forco in Eussia
"whb could get something done ant}
dono expeditiously." Defending Lenine nnd Trotsky, he. said thoy would
not have signed tho Brest-Litvask
treaty with Germany had their overtures to tho Allies been accepted.
Sixty Miners Lost Lives
Scranton, Pa.—In the production of!
10,037,901 tons of coal in three inspection districts of Lackawanna county
last year, 60 men lost their lives, 133
were injured, 65 wives were widowed
and 146 children orplnnv-'
B. C. Federation of Labor
««««««
•Ml****
«*««««    () s/j      ******
******
******
Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Convention
(Continued from last issue)
Tuesday Afternoon Session
(Vice-president   J.   Taylor   presiding)
The Chairman: W$ will now continue
with the report of the committee on
resolutions.
Del. Kavanagh: Besolution number
seven. This resolution is a substitute
for the many resolutions submitted on
the question of industrial organization.
In view of the fact that there were so
many covering the samo point, and as
no method of going about this was in-
timuted in tho resolutions, the resolutions committoe adopted the following
substitute for those submitted. The
resolution is as follows:
"Resolved, that this convention recommend to its affiliated membership
that they sever affiliation with their international organization, and that steps
be taken to form an industrial organization of all workors, and;
"Be it further resolved, that a circular outlining a proposed plan of organization be sont out to tho various
organizations and that a referendum on
the question be taken at the same
time.''
I move the adoption of tho committee's report.
The motion was seconded by a numbor of the members.
The chairman: The resolution has
now been moved and seconded and the
matter is open for discussion. Are you
ready for the question?
Del. McVety: The resoluton, Mr.
Chairman, is onc that recommends itself to the membership. If I have
listened to thc reading of tho resolutions committee aright, there seems to
bc a general complaint among the
delegates as to the treatment they hnvo
received from their internationals, on
vnrious occasions, nnd they feci that
better progress could be made by cut-'
ting loose from thc international union
and having one big union in lho province of British Columbia. The organization that I represent, tho International Organizntion of Machinists, has
had no such experience as that urged
by other delegates as tho reason for
endorsing the resolution.
To follow tho policy set out in the
resolution merely means, so far as our
organization is concerned, thnt fifteen
hundred machinists in tho provinco of
British Columbia are going to cut
themsolves loose from an organization,
one of the largest on the continent,
now, with over 300,000 of a membership, and an organization which has
always moro than met any obligations
to itB membership in the matter of
finances or otherwise. If tho locals of
the machinists' organizations in Canada were to attempt to pay to tho international in per capita, tho amount
received in strike pay and other supports for industrial movements, then
they would bo, I would think, fifty
years from now, without any further
money being sent across to this sido
in order to loave a balanco in their
favor. I say, so far as our organization is concerned, that it would bc,
with the very largo numbor of workers who are migrating back and forth
across tho line, that it would be folly
for a large proportion of that membership at least to follow the policy advocated in tho resolution. Now, I havo
been a member of the association for
twenty years and I will say that if
my friend, Del. Pritchard, finds it
necessnry to make some insinuations,
I would like to say I have yet to draw
my first dollar,from thc International
Union in any capacity whatever. During that twenty years we have been
deprecating a policy of organization on
national lines. Cutting out all that we
know and speak of as purely Canadian
unions, and endeavoring to build up a
continental union on this continent under the name of thc Iutcrnntional
Union. In fact our organizntion has
gone a good deal further than that,
and has, for ten years past, been accepting without initiation fee, puid-up
workers in the trade from any other
country—Germany, Italy, France, England and bo on. A man coming from
those countries, merely by depositing
his card, took out at onco good standing membership without payment of
nny foes whatever and on this continent wo havo gono further than that
again, and we took a referendum for an
amalgamation along industrial linos of
the iron trades associations or organizations—tho boilermakers, blacksmiths,
machinists and so on—and that vote
was carried by a large majority in our
own organisation, but was defeated in
some otners. That offer still holds
good so far as the international organization of machinists is concerned.
I say, so far as our organization is
concerned, at least, that thero is nothing or no aetion which the international has taken or no result which
has so far been shown which will not
beneficially affect our membership in
this country, and which would warrant
supporting the resolution before the
House.
Del. Wells: Mr. Chairman, I would
like to ask a question. As I take it,
the resolution means a formation of
one industrial organization from this
province and not to organize tho workers by industries.   Is that correct!
The Chairman: That is correct. One
industrial organization covering all
lines. As I understand it, thc various
crafts now in existence would simply
all be members of the same organization while retaining their present
itanding.
A Delegate: Do I take it you mean
the province of British Columbia or
tho whole of Canada!
The Chairman: It is a working class
proposition and is not restricted to
any particular district.
A Delegato: Does that mean that
we are severing our connection internationally as crafts!
The Chairman: If the delegate was
here when the resolution was road—it
reads, "That wc rocommend to the
afiiiliated membership that they sever
their affiliation with their international organizations, and that steps be
takon to form an industrial organization of all workers and, be it further
resolved, that a circular letter outlining a proposed plan of organization bo
sont out to the varioui organizations,
and that a referendum on the question
be taken at the same timo." That is
the whole point of the resolution,
A Delegate: On a point of information, Ur. Chairman. That would go by
referendum also!
The Chairman: The resolution contains in its latter portion a suggestion
that a circular letter outlining the proposition be sent out te the various organizations, and that a referendum be
taken at the same time. The chair
wonld take it that any resolution
which suggests such an action as this,
where tho convention does not form
aay specific plan, I would say it would
ba submitted in conformity with the
ffiit of this resolution and that that
■en1 the j
would devolve upen'the incoming executive.
A Delegate: Are" there any othor
resolutions on the table proposing the
organization of one' industrial union
and one only!  / I'lj-
The Chairman: Tho chairman of the
resolutions committoe pointed out the
number of resolutions bearing on this
and said they brought one which substituted for the whole.
The Chairman of the Committee:
The majority of the resolutions do not
mention the internationals at all. The
Kimberley Miners' Union has just
gone in favor of the Canadian members drawing away from tho International Smelter Workera. Another resolution stated that the craft organization has outgrown its usefulness and
suggested another form, Tho Machinists of Vancouver, Lodgo No, 777, took
the position of the formation of ono
and one only industrial organization,
including all workers. From the Princo
Bupert Lodgo comes the proposition
which is to be submited to the Trados
nnd Labor Congress on the point of
withdrawing from the American Foderation of Labor- All theso deal with
tho same quostion nnd the resolution,
which we have submitted is substituted for tho entire lot.
A Delegate: The reason I asked tho
question is this. Tho members of tho
association that I belong to are in
favor of one, and one only, organization, and they do so only through tho
fact that their experiences in the past
in dealing with international officers
havo been very unsatisfactory. Wo
hnvo learned -through experience thnt
when we are desirous of exercising
local autonomy, desirous of exercising.
our rights to enforco upon our masters
tho legislatioa wo feel just at tho time
wo aro hampcrod by the rule, which
makes us apply for permission to do
so beforo we can take a strike. That
permission may or may not bc grunted, and we have como to the conclusion that tho question of whother it
will be grunted or llot *'lc decision
eithqr one way or the oilier will ho
dictated as it relates to the funds of
the organization. And in considering
it, wo also took into consideration tho
multiplicity of organizations, namely,
the individual unions to which we nil
belong which are affiliated only internationally, and then througlt this international affiliation--w- have Die metal
trades and labor,coiyuiils and then we
have thc other -,0.111-$ whieh arise out
of certain condit^otip. We have eome
to the conclusion .ll^u owing to the
multiplicity ofj oijpniistations which
have taken place,) ^up ,to thv economic
conditions arising; uit-t o£ our interna-.
tional affairs, t*hat, pur orgauiy.iil.ons
aro bejjjg hnmp(-jcy4rflo that we are losing our rights, aii^ in, fact we nro gradually losing tho^pffilucss of our organisations,      ,<wj   ,„
The question iof -rttireotly breaking
away from the'-iufevuntionnl hns not
entered into oufjdiscussions to the extent where it woulAsbo discussed sufficiently to bring *6irtl thc beneficial or
other interests iuiibrehking away. Wc
contend that if.'-the.£B. C\ Federation
of Labor will place itself ou record as
being in favor of one union-and onc industrial union only, representing all
trades, wc will do away largely with
ono class distinctions in the lubor
movement, which, I think, lms been the
one factor which is holding baek tho
progress of the labor movement. We
are striving to do away with that class
distinction and bring all members to
one level, as they, would be in one industrial organization. Now, today we
are so constituted that if you tnke the
condition where the machinists in thn
City of Vancouver, for inntunce, nre
desirous of going out on strike. Tho
importance of that organization to tho
community at large is not of sufficient
importance to create an impression on
the minds of the community as a
whole, and the consequence is that ait
organization such ns Ihe machinists is
nt a disadvantage.
- The street railwaymen, if they go
out on strike, thcir strike is felt at
onee in Iho community and thc result
is there is public interest set to work
in the interest of that particular organization, so I say under the existing
condition of affairs onc organization is
placed in a far better position than
others.
Now, in the merging of all these interests one class would not have any
preference over the other. We are trying to bring about a unity of interests
and that is'why our organizntion, as a
body, hns decided to carry on a propaganda among its own members for the
formation of one industrial organization, including all crafts.
Del. Wells: I would like to ask another question, Mr. Chairman. When
the resolutions were introduced thero
wore resolutions dealing with tho interchange of cards, open books aud a uniform initiation fee, as well as some
other matters in connection with our
organization. Has the resolutions committeo any intention of dealing with
theso resolutions in case the membership do not accept the proposal as laid
down by it!
The Chairman of the Committee: It
will all depend on tho stand tnken by
tho convention on this particular resolution. If this resolution is carried by
the convention and/referred to its
affiliated membership, then tho other
quostions are no longer necessary, because if we form oti« and one only organization those' other questions will
not come np. If, however, this is not
accepted by the 'convention, then the
rcsoltuions committee will, of necessity, deal with the resolution concerning the interchange of working cards,
the minimum standard Initiation fee,
and such questions as that, but it all
depends upon the. particular action
taken upon this resolution.
Del. Wells: Tflath docs not answer
my question. I jtf'opnize that if this
convention could de-udo as to whether
the organization^ should tako this
action your position'would be perfectly correct, but in view of the fact that
this eonvention ean decide nothing, except endorse the proposal of submitting it to the unions, then what is going to happen in the meantime.
The Chairman of the Committee: If
I might answer further, I might say
this. There are a considerable number
of resolutions whieh have not been
considered by the resolutions committee owing to Uie resolution defining the
policy of the Federation being
brought up, but they have been left
over owing to the fact that they are
not contentious resolutions, and they
are being left over to bo placed in the
hands of the new executive eo that
they might act in the same old manner with them, providing this one does
not meet with the approval of tho
unions; Tho othor questions being also
questions which have been before the
•/muontion ofton beforo then   it   waa
* * felt by the resolutions committee that
these could safely be left until it was
found out by the executive as to
whether these particular stops now
taken were in accordance with the
views of tho membors or not, and if
it was found they were not, then the
executive of necessity would be compelled to put into operation such particular measures of propaganda, and
such particular measures of bringing
to the attention of the govornment
certain things desired in the same way
as thoy have in the past, but wo considered as those things were not contentious there was no reason for discussing- them at this convention, bo-
cause this is a resolution intended to
chango the policy of- the organization,
and if tho policy is not changed, thon
the executive will have to doal with
theso othor questions as they have always dono in the past.
Secretary Wells: I wanted to get
that, I wanted to bo. in a position to
knew whethor the hnnds of the incoming executive wero to be tied in reference to any othor matters whieh
might como up if this was defeated.
So long as tho - incoming executive's
hands are freo to carry on propaganda
along othor lines, providing this does
not meet with the approval of the
membership, then I am satisfied.
A Delegate: You hnvo just ox-
plained now that if certnin things did
not happen in this convention then tho
old-time policy is to be adopted. Did
not we in this convontion" revolutionize tho old-time policy and decide that
wo are not going to send our representatives  to   the  government?
Chairman Knvanngh: I snid if the
membership did not authorize tho
chango in policy then the executive
would have to follow the old-time
policy. The executivo will be governed by the membership vote in theso
matters. IP the membership says "Wo
wnnt the change," then "the executive
will be governed by that, nnd if they
sny '' not'' t hen the executivo will
hnve to go on.
The Chairman: I would liko to
point out, that the resolution changing
the policy is in the hands of the committee on constitution nnd before this
eonvention adjourns this committee
wif have to submit an amended constitution to moot tho policy ns outlined in thnt resolution; then that will
have to be in turn submitted to the
members of the'organfaztioii so that
you see the wholo thing hinges upon
the rhrik and file in tho lust analysis.
Del. Cottrell: Mr. Chairman, thero
nr<t undoubtedly mnny good points ii)
the resolution, but nt the same liino t'
do not feel convinced that wo can go
ahead nlong these lines just yot. I
feel tlmt some organizations or a
great many of them cannot afford to
throw over Iheir international affiliation right nwny. There are so many
things that nre coming between them.
Thoro is insurance and one thing and
another sueh as defence funds. Now,
before an orgnnizntion or a local can
afford to throw that over they must
hnve something in its place. I know,
so fur as our organization is concerned,
I would not fool like recommending
to them that they throw over their
affiliation with the iutcrnntional and
proceed to form another one. My idea
is that wo ean make some recommendation to the trades councils and bodies
of tlmt sort, und get those councils to
act in the matter. We can endorse thn
idea embodied in the resolution, but
what it needs is, first of nil. in my
mind, to get from the different locnls
data as to what nmount of per capita
tax Ihey nre paying to their international, what benefits they receive from
that international, and so on. and Mien
thc question of what you aro going to
put in its place would be the big one,
aud until you know just exactly what
that international represents to lho
locnls you ean hardly go ahead with
tho proposition and throw over your
international organization with safety.
Del. Casey: As the delegnte from
Prince Bupert who has presented a
resolution npon this line of action,
I believe it behooves me to outline
whut wo conceived would bo a feasible
working scheme at thc time that we
initiated this particular resolution.
Now, tho particular resolution emanating from Prince Rupert, nud, Mr.
Chairman, I muy be out of order in
■dealing with it, as the resolution before the House for discussion is the
resolution submitted by the resolutions
committee, but if I might, I would like
to briefly outline the previsions of the
Trineo Rupert resolution.
The Prince Rupert resolution dealt
with the severing of connection with
the international us they now exist,
nnd bringing'nbojjt the dovelopment of
a national industrial organization in
lieu thereof. Thc line of aetion outlined for that particular resolution was
that it first be taken up in tho B. C.
Federation Convention, and if approved
by this particular assembly, that it
then be submitted to tho Western
Conference, then it be submitted to
thc Trades Congress of Ot inula for its
approval, and if approved there, then
it be submitted tu the entire membership of the affiliated loculs in the Dominion of Canada for their approval or
disapproval.
My line of thought, worked out a
scheme where it would not involve the
breaking up of unions, but it would, if
it was found favorable by these various assemblies, necessarily devolop a
movement, and yet at the samo time it
would hold together the working organizations intact.
I myself do believe still that that
resolution probably offers the best
working basis for to bring about this
change after all. However, upon this
other point'as recommended by the
resolution beforo the Houso now, it is
a resolution that taken quicx ana sudden action. We now go back and we
recommend to our locals that they discontinue their affiliation with the inter-
national, and pass judgment upon a
policy which will be submitted to them
from the executivo, giving the foundation of an industrial organization to
take tho place of the now existing internntionnl. That in itself I believe
will be largely supported by a number,
and on the other hand it may not be
supported. That in itsolf may leave
room for the working forces evon in
British Columbia. It is a big question
and, to my mind it is one which noeds
to be dealt with with caution. Thie
convention, by virtue of passing upon
the point, does not necessarily dispose
of the mattor or complete the task.
The roal task yet lies to be completed
by the affiliated membership and I say
that wo do not want to put too sudden
a jolt up to the afflliated membership
and expect to get through wtih it, if
we nre really desireas of achieving
success out of our undertaking.
We are not free to aet nationally or
internationally.   We want to be in a
position where we cm considor things
tfhutuutod next page)
FBOM MAKBB TO WEABEB
Display of
Spring Models
The Famous offers for youi Inspection M attractive i Showing la
Ladles' styliBh Suits, Ooats and Dresses u win be found ln tlie Wert.
Those garments were specially selected by our buyer from stocks ia
tho great fashion centres or were manufactured under our personal supervision in our own factory—right here in Vancouvor.
I EVEEYTHINO OFFERED AT A REASONABLE PEICE
SPECIAL IN SERGE SUITS
-—in fino quality serge—in ton colors—your choico of sevoral model*-*
sells elsewhere at $35 to $40,
$28.00
You will not
be "soaked"
f Bo many peoplo neglect theli
eyes evon when they know
they Bhould havs thorn at-i
tended to—when they know
they Bhould be wearing
glasses—because they an
afraid they will be overcharged—and because of the
uncertainty of the cost.
_ I want any of yon union men
who feel that yon may require
glasses—yon or yonr wives—
to come in and tet me examine yonr eyes. Let me tell
you what la wrong—if anything—what it will eoet to
give you glasses that will
make seeing and living mme
comfortable.
f My optical service If tke
most efficient and the wut
reasonable on the ooaat.
Seymour 1993
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
Granville Optical Oo,
649 GRANVILLE STRESS
Below Drysdale's
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Servioe
1049 GEORGIA STREET
One Block West of Courthouse
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors froe to al)
Patrons
Telephone Seymoar 1485
Phone Sey. 811 Dty or Hlght
Nunn, Thomson & Clef f
rumuuL oiuotobs
6S1 Homer Stnet   Taneosvw, B.O.
THB STEADY, DEPENDABLE
RECORD OF
KIRK'S
Nanaimo - Wellington
(Double i	
COAL
-AT-
$10
.15'"
ton
ia only anothor guaranteed service in the future.
ALWATS DEPENDABLB
The COAL yon waat again aad
again.
KIRK & CO., LTD.
929 MAIN STREET
Phones:
Seymour 1441 aad 465
WE PAY CASH
-FOB-
Victory, liberty or
Government Bonds
of any description.
Cascade Mortgage * —.vatX-
■ ment Oo.
46G PENDER STBBBT
Nanaimo-Wellington
LUMP COAL
$10.15 per ton
A. LAMIEL
ORPHEUM
^THEATRE1*1
n-AYIHO ORPHEUM OB-
OUIX VAUDBVIUJS
Matinee ..
Evening!
3.30
SSO
What's in a Name?
To TeedeeUta tko *mr4 "Orpheesa"
moons Ike beet la tko worll—to Ta»
soever tke
Orpheum Cafe
ssmm the best wtlnr pl«e In towm;
mule Mt dfcnelif tn the -tTMiae.
Drop ta Mr tine, Bitfwt ulea
homo tn Vmovutm.
nt -M-urvn-u      oi»,
Utmrrn He. M-1TM
■—THB—
TROCADERO
CAFE
for llatoa Hen
155 HASTINOS STBEET WBST
Phone
185
THE BEST PLAOE TO BAT ~
VAHOOUVEB - UNION (UUD
1. ■foikoment 0.
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
MBUtt
—IWB1V1 mw TABIW—
(Bmar-rick-Belke eeUsadet Oo.)
—Headqaartori ler Unloa Mi
Dnleaaule   I'becoee,   OI|sm
Onleai
Olf-uottos
Only While  H.I) Employe*
42 Hasting! Stnet But
To memhet-o ol sey aalea la Oaaada a
speolal rote ler Tke reeonUoalet, IUS
peryee-—IIaelekol 10ermwaIs see-lie.
HOTHINO IS MOKE HEALTHFUL
After a day's labor
than a
Bottle of
Ask for it.
It's Union-made
For sale at all stands.
Westminster Brewery Co.
Bicycles of  Real  Value-Tisdall's  STANDARD
T N ASSEMBLING this Bicycle, quality his been onr flnt
* consideration. We therefore offer you an exceptionally
strong wheel at a very moderate prioe.
TISDALI/S LIMITED
THE  OOMPLETE  SPORTING  OOODS  8TOKS
U-S HASTINOS STREET WEIT 1
__x
OITXOLU.   PAPEB   VANCOUVEB
Tt4 DBS AMD  LABOB   COUNOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OITI0IAI, »AHEB  SUffM COO
BMBU  nOBBA-IIM  OF   UBM
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 14
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 4,1919
Obey that impulse!
Make the appointment!
_ Remember that Delay is the bosom friend of
Decay,.and that the longer you put off that
dental visit the longer the visit will be and the
longer the dental bill will be. It is common-
sense from every standpoint to put the mouth
in good repair as soon as possible, and keep it
so.. The avoidance of the dental visit iB usually
a matter of fear, for there is a general opinion
that the dental chair is a torture.chair. But
modern science has done so much in thc direction of removing the cause of this fear—of relieving pain in the chair—that even the most
timid need not hesitate.* Take yourself in hand
now—obey that impulse—make the appointment
now.
0_ Modern methods—high-class dentistry—low prices.   These I offor you.
Phone Bey. 6441
OPPOSITE
WOODWABD'S
DR. LOWE
Fine Dentistry
HASTINGS & ABBOTT
Boys' Easter Clothing
SUITS—Bright snappy styles of newest materials, including
Donegal, Harris and other all-wool tweeds, featuring the new
waist seam—Sports, Norfolk and Junior styles.
CONFIRMATION SUITS—Fine all-wool serges;  fast dyes.
These are extra good quality, nothing better.  Sizes to 38.
Hats and Caps, Shirts, Underwear and all requisites for boys'
outfits.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
309-315 HASTINGS ST. W.
Established 20 Years
UNION STORE
Our Good Union Made Shoes
Many men do not exercise enough care in the selection of
their shoes or shoe store.
There is no use whatever in a man wearing ill-fitting, uncomfortable, poor-looking shoes.
He'll Not—If He Buys His Shoes Here
On Men's Shoes are Union Hade by tho world's best shoemakers.
They aro exaetly light In style and in construction.
ThelngledewShoeCo.
6a6 Oranrille Street
Vancouver'! Union Shoe Store
TEN PES CENT. OFF TO AIX SOLDIERS AND THEIE FAMILIES
REMOVABLE BRIDGES
1AVB TOUB NATUBAL TEETH
THIS advanced type of dental work often makes it possible to itve the crowns of natural teeth which it night
be necessary to sacrifice in performing bridge work of the
ordinary type.
^2 EE me aboat Bemonble Bridgework—it has many advantages.  I will
0 explain theee and shew yoa actual ewmples of the work as avvHed
to yonr caae.
Victory
Bonds
Uken in
•nkuige
Ut d«ntil
work,
Dr. Brett Anderson
Grown and Bridge Specialist
602  HASTINGS  ST.  WEST
Comer Seymour Street
Offloe Opea Tuesday and Friday Erenlngs Until 8 o'clock
Pkone
ley. 381
S-Rsr
Mme
- taken*
10-yeir
Geerentee
Una
Trash Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
2-8TORES—2
It) Hastings Street East, Sey. 868-67! — 728 Orantille Street, Bey. 9M3
Highest Grade Mechanic's Took
FOR ALL TBADES
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
46 Hastings St. W. :: Vancouver, B. C.
Only Once Does the Human Hand Ever
Touch a Loaf of SHELLY'S 4-X BREAD
AND that lined is tho hand that lifts thc shaped dough from
the moulding machine to thc pan in which it is baked.
From tho timo thc flour is placed in tho dough-mixer machinery
does all tho work, producing thousands of loaves in the same
time it takes the housewife to buku four.
Food License
Ho. 6-1081
Pkone
Fairmont M
(.XaXaT) $1.60 PER YBAJl
[By Florence Stott] !
(Continued from last issue)
Our last line of enquiry Is into the
growth of the idea of property, tho
rules that sprang up witb respect to its
ownership and its influence on society.
The growth of property is closely connected with thc evolution of the tool.
Thc property of savages wns inconsiderable. Rude weapons, .utensils, implements mado of flint, stone and bone,
and personal ornaments, represent the
chief items of property in savage life.
A passion for its possession had not
formed itself in tlieir minds. It was
loft to the theu distant period of civilization to develop that greed for gain
whieh has played such a sorry port in
later years. When n savage died, his
most cherished possessions were buried
with hiin, for his continued use in the
spirit world. With thc institution of
tho gens, came tlie flrst rulo of inheritance, which distributed the effects of a
deceased person among his gcnCis. If
a married mnn, his possessions went
back to his nativo sons, to his mother,
sisters and tlieir children. Children inherited from their mother, but took nothing from their reputed father. If the
wifo diod, her relatives took possession
of thc children nnd her household property, and tho mnn returned to his own
gene, taking nothing with him but tho
clothing, .weapons nnd blankets ho had
brought with him on his marriage. All
property remained in tbe gens where
it was produced. This communial ownership of property covered at least
four-flfths of the entiro existence of
mankind on earth.
With a growing knowledge of agriculture, enme the breaking up of tho
common property of the clan, into tho
collective properties of the families of
the clan. This was a more radical innovation thnn in our day would bc a restitution of thc landed estates to the
community. Agriculture, which was
tho cause of the annual parcelling out
of the common tribal property, wns
later ono of the caiises of the splitting
tip of collective property. As improved
methods of culture were introduced, tho
peasants recognized thnt onc year's
possession was insufficient to ronp the
benefit of the manures and labor put
into the land that had been allotted to
them. Thoy demanded that the partitions should bo mado every two, three,
seven, and even twenty years. AU the
chiefs of families or patriarchs being
co-equals in these distributions, and
possessing all powers, finally invested
themselves with proprietary rights,
and land came to be held continuously
by the families in possession. This
form of property waa introduced'trith
great difficulty and only maintained
itself, by placing itself under divine
protection and tho power of the law.
In fact, the law was invented for the
purposo of protecting it. The justice
that i5 other than an eyo for an eye,
or a tooth for a tooth, made its appearance in human society, only after
the establishment of property, for, as
Locke says, "Whoro there is no proporty there is no injustice, tho idea of
property being a right to anything, and the idea to which the name
injustice is given being thc invasion
or violation of that right." Ferri, tho
Italian criminologist, says that !(0 per
cent, of the crime committed is against
privato proporty.
In Greece and Italy, on appointed
days of the month or year, tho chief
of the family would take a walk
around his fields along tho uncultivated
boundaries, pushing any refractory victims bofore him, singing hymns and
offering up sacrifices to the posts and
stones, tho motes and bounds of tho
fields, which were converted into divinities, and under whose shadow the
dead wero buried. These boundary
marks were tho "Termini" of the Romans and tho "Divine Bournes" of
tho Greek. Tho cultivators wero not
to approach the landmarks, lest tho
spirits under them * should cry out
"Stop! Thia is tty field; yonder ia
thine. Tho Bible abounds in recommendations to respect the fields of
oue's neighbor: "Thou shalt not remove thy neighbor 'a landmark, and
cursed be he • who removes his
neighbor's landmark." Even Plato
dropped his idealism when dealing with property, and says, '' Our first
law must be that no man must lay a
hand on the boundary mark, which divides a field from his neighbor's field,
for it must remain unmoved." Thua
it would seem that both religion and
philosophy share in the tasks of guarding private property and keeping tho
slaves submissive. But spiritual chastisement was not sufficient to quell free
men who had drunk in freedom with
their mother's milk, and corporal pun-
ishment of unexampled severity had to
be resorted to.
In Europe, the bridge between collective family proporty and the capitalist property of today, is feudal
property. As we havo considered this
before, there is no necessity to go
over it again. It will suffice to note
that it was inaugurated and maintained by military power. Feudalism called forth a provincial and national life
by knitting together the independent
and insulated groups of a provinco or
nation, by a reciprocity of duties and
services. Viewed in this light, feudalism is a federation of baronies. Wa
have seen how, with the decay of feudalism, tho foudal lord shook off his
duties, but continued to exact tho
dues, He not only rinsed a claim to the
agricultural lands of his vassals, but
usurped the common grazing lands, and
forests. Bourgeoise historians, writing
of this period, maintain thut tho land
belonged immemoriably to tho lords,
who had merely resigned the use of it
to their vassal., -v.d serfs. But tho history of tho geiu'.-is and evolution of
property proves tho unsoundness of
this claim, and shows that feudal property was built up by fraud and violence,
Thc origin of ecclesiastical property
is similar to that of feudal property.
In those turbulent times men fled for
protection to the church no less than to
tho baron's castle. Tho priestly power,
in fact, far outweighed that of tho
bnron. It wus tho priest who held tho
keys of paradise. Men willed their
goodB to the church, on thcir deathbeds, in thc hopo of securing a seat in
Heaven. This custom, which was voluntary at he outset, became so general,
that it ended in being imposed as an
obligation. Any person dying without
leaving a part of his possesions to the
church, was debarred from communion
and burial. If a man died intestate,
his relations bad to appeal to the bishops to appoint arbiters, who, cojointly
with themselves, fixed the amount tho
dead nan should have bequeathed, if
ho had made * will.   Thc convents were
Sn.tle.nA   -r-r.-   .Ul
sieges, and the monHa were experts in
tho uso of arms. At the battlo of Hastings, churchmen fought on both sides;
churchmen and laymen alike contended
for the spoils.
In tho villago. communities in tho
early part of tho Feudal period, the
peasants produced all that thoy consumed, bread, meat, flax and wool, whicb
was spun and woven into cloth in tho
home. Later a slight division of labor
took place, and the. artificers, who. did
not belong to tho community, (smiths,
weavers, tailors, etc.), lived on, the outskirts of tho village for.a year and a
day, .until the right of sojourn was acquired. These handicraftsmen wcro
public functionaries, ia the servico of
thc community. The raw material waB'
supplied to them, and wherever possible, thoy worked in tho homes of thcir
customers. They worked to order, and
were paid by an annual tribute of provisions. Tho flrst change in this primitivo form of industrial labor took placo
iu thc villages situated at the intersection of tho roads, frequented by the
caravans of tho travelling merchants
or near tho mouths of rivers, or near
the seaside, A temporary market was
established there, for which thc handicraftsmen wrought. Wherever tho artificers found means to sell their product,
they multiplied. Instead of finding
themselves repulsed or treated indifferently, they were sought and welcomed.
These villages were transformed into
town.1) or boroughs, composed of specialized handicraftsmen, practising different crafts, and standing in need of euch
other's services. Eventually they established a permanent market, where
the inhabitants exchanged their products, or sold thom during the fairs to
the itinerant traders. It was usually
on tho boundary of two districts, and
the existence of tho markot cross in
later days, Bhows that the church must
havo taken it under her special protection. At a later period, kings and emperors also made a point of protecting
the pence of their markets. Then the ;
character of industry underwent a
change. The artificer became independent of his customer. He no longer
waited for tho latter to support him
with the raw matorial. Ho bought it,
and kept a stock on hand. He ceased
to work to order only, and worked with
a view of selling: hiif finished product.
To his quality of prtidtiter, was added
that of trader. Ho ftlUtrged his workshop and sought the 'a'id'Gf apprentices
and journeymen, whff wWkcd under his
direction, lodged in'tis home and ate
at his table. Tho fuHil hi required was
of so modest a descrliHibfc as hardly to
deserve tho name of capitnl, although
this fund was the gefmof modern capitalism. To resist thd'^Hpotism of tho
landowner, theso aHMfters organized
guilds, which in tho beginning wero
open to all handicraftsifton in the locality. Later they grew powerful and developed into close r-wfirporations,. the
freedom of which Was only obtainable
by thc privilege of birth, money, long
apprenticeships,.or loyal.favors which
wero often purchased.* .Who King willingly sent aid- to an organization opposed to tho landlords, who wore still
powerful onough to bo a menace to
him. Tho guilds restricted their output to suit tho market and many artificers then found themselves outside
the organization.
Tho discovery of the passage to tho
Indies by rounding tho Cape of Good
Hope, and the discovery of America,
which dates from the end of thc fifteenth century, by bringing tho gold
of America into the European market,
and by introducing trans-oceanic commerce, stimulated individuals who had
accumulated funds to invest them in
manufacture. Probably theso wero
merchants who were enriched by trade.
They despised tho potty restrictions of
the guild system, so far as they ham-
pored their own plans. With thcir
more up-to-date organization, division
of labor and absence of restrictions,
they gradually superseded the guilds,
which were ultimately dissolved by tho
-State, which laid down certain rules for
artizan labor.- and enforced them by
its own officials, the- policy of tho
Stato being to break down all intermediate authorities and deal directly
with the individual. .
To support tho growing populations
in the towns it was. necessary that
agriculture also should bo developed.
New lands wero brought under cultivation, woodlands were, deforested and
marshlands wero recluiiucd. - In years
of good harvests,- the corn wus so
abundant that the price of it ceased
to bo remunerative, and it became urgent to create fresh markets. So, also,
with tho products of tho industrial
town. With tho introduction of machinery, many surplus products were
produced for which a foreign markot
must bo found. Why this search for
foreign markets! Why not restrict
the output to tho requirements of the
local market as was done in the Middlo Ages! The answer to that lies in
the fact that production was no longer
earriod on for. use, but sololy fur
profit. Also that production was carried on by a slave clnss who had no
voice in tho disposal of their products,
a slavo class born of mnn's ability .tt
create an evcr-increajji'ug surplus ovor
and abovo his absolute ■m-cd-, and driven with brute force ami cunning lies
down the ages. Slavery, at first only
the consequence of nir, later became
tho causa of it. Ih flu; earliest civilisations, military expeditions woro embarked on for tho oxjiress purpose of
recruiting slaves. Tno Babylonians,
Greeks and Romans were notorious ia
this respect, tho Truman or do-
scendents of the old' gentile organizations becamo slavo Hunters, and kept
the labor market wfill*1'supplied with
this usefiil article, tyhfti not engaged
in these marauding fe-tfoditioiis, they
lived idly on tho products of slnvo
labor. Tho moro intWiVtuul of thom
turned their attbiitionu'?o tho study of
obstruct questions aim laid the foundation of the metaphysical philosophy,
which still acts as intellectual blinkers
on mankind today. Lator their civilization becamo effete and fell a prey to
husky bands of barbarians.
(Continued nest issue)
FOOD COSTS ARE SOARING
WASHINGTON.—FVwd costs have
increased 75 per cent In five years,
reports the United States bureau of
labor statistics. Prices Increased 1
per cent between October and November last year and 18 per cent between
November, 1917, and November lu_tt
year.
In the five-year period from November, 191.1, to November, 1918, food
prices advancer 75 per cent. Every
article shows an increase of 50 per
cent or more. Six articles increased
100 per cent or more; namely, pork
chops and sugar, 100 per cent; flour,
103; common), 110; bacon, IU; and
B. C. FEDERATION OF
LABOR PROCEEDINGS
(Continued from page 2)
from crafts' standpoint only, and aa
it is at present none of these internationals recognize tho working card. It
is a physical impossibility' to bring
about the change of cards in this system, and it isan impossibility for tho
working man in Canada at present. to
bring about a national action upon any
particular question no matter how
grave that question may be. You had
a concrete instanco of that when the
working classes of Canada considered
the matter of calling a general striko
in protest against tno importation of
coolie labor. . You woro informed by
Mr. Draper, the seeretary, that the
Trades Congress of Canada had no
power to call a goneral strike no matter what tho grievance niight bo, that
that power rested with tho internationals. Well, these internationals
have no onc head at any ono place;
they have a number of heads separated
nnd distributed all over tho United
States und, as X see it, our present form
of internationally, our present form
of an international system, is out of
date and needs abolishing, but the
point thut concerns us now is to bring
about a harmonious revolution or reversal of policy without creating universal antagonism on the part of the
workers. That is the big problom
which I think confronts the workers.
I believo they are all agreeable to tho
change but they all view tho point as
quite a task of accomplishing tho end
and not destroying the organization or
organized body of union labor os a
whole.
Del. Trotter: Mr. Chairman, I believe that tho resolutions committee
have ono or two resolutions there dealing with industrial unionism which
will have a much better chance of passing this convention than the substitute
which they have submitted. The
term "industrial unionism," so far as
I can discover from some of the peoplo
who have put in the resolutions, does
not mean exactly what this substituted
resolution means. They who presented
these other resolutions were seeking
what they considered to bo industrial
unionism, or unionism by industries,
which were more nearly affiliated and
not all .industries without regard to
what they.were. They were seeking
affiliations of industries which were
lying close to each other which really
operate as ono industry, while under
our present system their crafts hold
them apart. The best illustration I can
give of what I am driving at is my
own organization.
Wo have in the printing trade five
distinct international unions and yet,
in any printing establishment of any
size, you will have tho members of all
theso Ave-international unions operating under tho one boss, and under one
group. That stylo of craft organization served its purpose for a long
while. The fact that it has outlived
its usefulness at tho prosent itme is
evident by these crafts taking steps
themselveB which will eventually bring
about an organization of these same
crafts. A redistribution, if you
liko to put it that way, of all organizations into one. The fight against the
international jurisdiction in a lot of
these organizations is showing itself in
tho formation of district conferences,
and up and down the Pacific Coast you
have your Northwest Conferenco of
different organizations operating without the goodwill, although, perforce,
with tbo sanction of tho international
union. The international organizations
as represented by thcir heads in tho
international headquarters very strongly disapprove of these district organizations because these district organisations generally provo to be rebellious
organizations and composed of peoplo
who are opposing international unions
in some form or other. Now, so far
as the printing trades aro concerned
on the Pacific Coast, wo have not only
the Northwest Conferenco of Typographical Union and Printing Pressmen, and others, but we have tho
Northwest Printing Trades Confer- ,
ence, which combines all the conferences of thc Northwest bodies which
has decided to meet at onc placo only.
These different, ones all meet, at one
place and the latter portion of the
week they meet in one conference ns
the Northwest Printing Trade Conference, and this alone is bringing together these, organizations and will produce, I believe, a measure of industrial
unionism, and I feel the different
crafts need to be brought together in
thnt way and that would be, I feel, tho
flrst step towards the larger idea of
industrial unionism. However, to accomplish this you are going to hnve a
whole host of difficulties bristling up,
Whut hope can you havo of organizing
ono big union which will include all
theso organizations, when in fhe more
nenrly affiliated crafts now operating
undor one roof, and rubbing shoulders
with each other, you have not worked
it outf Tako tho shipyard. You have
in tho shipyard a whole pilo of international unions operating insido that
shipyard, which is an analogy along
thc lines of tbo printing trades. They
are within ono fvuee at least, and evon
there you have not got that mcusuro
of industrial unionism which wc uro
■ow advocating. Now, then, how nro
you going to form one big united body
enthused with tho idea of hnving one
big union, when you hnve^iot got, even
in a small way, that industrial unionism which yoa arc seckingf
Delegato Kavanagh: Tho resolution
submitted by the resolutions committee us has been stated was a substitute
for many submitted by other organizations and wc have taken furthor notice
that sinco this organization has been
formed resolutions havo boen passed at
every convention favoring industrial
unionism, and nover yet has thero boen
nny attempt to put such a thing into
operation. Now, it is all right to say
we favor industrial unionism and recommend it to the membership, 1ml you
huvo to suggest a starting point and
you cannot form an industrial Organization whilo there is tho international
afliliation, and while thc international
per capita tax is being sent to the Unitod States, and be it further noticed,
that during the post few months wo
have noticed how the international
functioned when any trouble takes
placo whero thc workers tako things
into thcir own hnnds.
In tho Scat11»! strike the international longshoremen decided in view of tho
fact that the metal trades' union had
promised that they would stand by tho
longshoremen, the longshoremen in return felt thc only thing thoy could do
was to stand by the motal trados whon
tbeir trying times came. They decided
to go out, and the iutcrnntional longshoremen's association, through its
president, notified these men that not
only should they forbid them to go out
but they would cancel their charter if
they did, and furthermore, tbat they
E&
heq
Don't be
Scared!
THAT ll tke lMt thinf te wilt te lupp-m
to you, but w. DO want yra to tok.
proper wu-nlna* ftnd be .itisat to pot
your order, la kind lifkt uow, toe-urn tb.
preuure open our operMi*. .tiff 1, io grout
tk.t lt will b. quite inpoulbl. to ,<t lit.
order, out lor Kuter. We hire got o.totk
«o emirt thM we plena ill, men nd worn.,
•like, nd, buying fnn oa, yeu en get
atylaa later tkan th. luteal, bMtaa. w. will
'' mak. lor you—ladi.a partleulnly—lem,
ADVANCE .lyle .heel. Juat to hind from
tho World'e FMhion Creator.. There'! 10
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''t-MA-*-^'*'''-*^'*^'*^'--**^***'*'*^'*^'-**-^'-^'-^**'^*^*----
"Unlty ot Labor:   the Hope of the World"
FBIDAY April   4,  1919
-■f-a-ra—il.   a aiiui     —  in ea———etaa-^ma>
THE WORKERS aro daily boing assailed, because they are realizing,
and   pointing   out,   that   a   class
Itruggle is going on.    They are being
ftccusod of raising class  antagonisms,
and   fostering   class
ITELL hatred.     Laat  woek
ANOTHER tho    Legislature   of
INSTANCE. this  Provinco,   dealt
with the claims arising out ot' the Island striko, and subao-
fluent riots in 1913. To those that are
acquainted with tho reasons for that
strike, it would appear peculiar, that
Dot a word of condomnation was uttered by the present govornment against
* the late government for boing responsible for the striko. It is true the gov-
ern'm-eut wus blamed for not taking tho
situation in hand bofore it did, bat not
one'word of condemnation for tbe non-
«nforceinont of the laws of the land,
.which was the only cause of the strike.
* * *
It is useless going into the incidents
leading up to tho striko at this time.
But it certainly is interesting to note
that the loader of the Opposition, and
tho leaders of the Oovernment are
awaro of the class division*, and that
they roliaze the intorests of their class.
The Hon. W. Sloan blamed tho strike
on American agitators. Even J. H.
Hawthornthwaite is quoted as stating
"that tho responsibility rested on the
Zate govornment, and that later the men
wero led astray by their leaders" To
thoso that know the inner details of
that striko, these statements wiU only
denote that tho truh is not always ut*
tored in the House at Victoria.
* * *
Tho so-called riots were precipitated
by the actions of the company, by the
employment of thugs and gunmen, who
Uttered throats against the union miners. The strike-was a strike against
the dangerous conditions in tho mine,
and because the gas committee—appointed according to the Minos Begui
lation Aet—which reported the mines
unsafe—was discriminated against.
This was well known to the minister of
minos. He knows the causes that lead
up to the strike. He himself has been
faced with conditions that wero in somo
Respects similar, in the case of the
Itrike of the miners in the Crows Nost
Pass last year, against the conditions
»f the mines in that district. But did
he offer one word of condemnation of
1 the late government for the non-en-
forcoment of the laws of the land!
Premier Oliver stated that "innocent
people had suffered because of the
weakness of the late government in
■failing to neet the situation fairly and
Squarely, before it became so aggravated, that serious troublo arose." In all
Ae criticism, not one word of denunciation for the class attitude assumed by
the late government in the administration of the laws. Where was the Attorney-General. He perhaps knows the
Inner history of that strike better than
nny other member of the government.
Not one wo-sdfrom him on the way the
Uws were tdvinUtered. Property was
flestroyed. Private property is the
base of present-dny society. Class ownership is the eorner stone of modern
capitalism. Mass legislation, or the
Class administration of laws, is the
pnrogative of the ruling class, and
there wu never a squeal on the part of
the preeent government, as to the way
tbo laws were administered. In this,
the ruling elass as represented by the
members of the Legislature, showed
that they are conscious of their class
interest*, and yet the. workers are blamed when they point out the elass lines
in socioty. Class lines have been
drawn, not by men, bat because soolety
Ib formed of two classes, thc possessing
class, and the dispossessed. What is
the use of trying to hide that which is
becoming evident to the most casual
thinker, classes will be abolished, when
class ownership of the means of wealth
production goes, and not boforef
IN the Daily Sun, Issue  of Sunday
last, an article headed   "A   Long
Range Study of France" appeared,
That it is a long rango study, no one
with any knowledge of tho Puris Commune, or of tho So-
AT cialisls who speak on
SHORT tho mntter, will deny.
BANOE It is such a long rango
study, that the truth of
tho situation has become warped in tho
length of the range. In tho introduction to the article in question appears
tho following:
Agitators of tho Bolshevist, Socialist and I, W. W. type constantly refer to the Fronch Revolution,
- or rather one phase of it—the Rod
Terror—as though that poriod of
the Revolution produced tlio charter of Freodom of France,
Tho agitators toll their dupes
that boforo thoy can have freedom
as it is in France, they must huvo
bloodshed, as it was in the Paris
Commune,
Thoy do not tell them that the
Revolution was nearly three years
old bofore the Commune renrod its
bloody hoad, that the Commune did
.not establish tho charter, that instead, it tore it. in ribbons. Neither
do they toll thoir peoplo that tho
economic system in Franco is capitalistic today, nor why Frnnce i»-
the most patriotic and country-
loving nation in thc worid, nor
that tho French peoplo aro tho happiest and most contented becauso
thoy ere the most free.
In the following artlole I have
attempted to refute, by a statement of the facts of history, the
fatuous claims of the agitator and
dividual  opportunity,  whieh   may
be useful to us all.
* *       •
The chief lesson that is to bo drawn
from thc Paris Commune is that the
ruling class will stop at nothing to
crush out any semblance of democratic
rule, and that when the interests of
that class is threatened, the members
of it will not stop at anything. Tho
Paris Commune, wliich the Socialists
speak of, is the Commune of 1871. Perhaps tho writor did' not know of that
one, us tho ruling class suppressed all
informntion as to the Commune of
1871, aud it may be that he is referring
to tho revolutionary period of 1792. In
any caso the writer of tho article in
question shows that ho knows not of
what ho speaks whon he gets
tho facts so mixed. The Red
Terror was not tho act of the
.working class by any means; it was
tho work of tho ruling class, and it
was tho members of tho working class
that were slaughtered in thousands, by
as corrupt a ruling class as ever existed. From the history of the commune, we learn that from tho 18th of
March, 1871, until the entry of the
Versailles troops into Paris, the proletarian revolution was so free from acts
of violence, to which the revolutions
and counter revolutions of the ruling
class are subject, that thero were no
deeds of violonco for the opponents of
tho proletariat to cry out about. Officers of tho Versailles troops ordered
them to shoot unarmed people, and instead of doing so the troops turned
round and shot their officers;
* »      *
* Like all capitalist apologists, the
writer accuses tho workers of the very
crimes of which tho ruling class of all
history has beon guilty. Not only did
the ruling class of France slaughter thc
working class of Paris in cold blood,
but it was aided by the so much despised, at this day, Hun, in its ferocity.
It has, however, not been tho mission of
the Socialist to preach that only by
bloodshed can changes be brought
about; that is the capitalistic and
ruling class mothod of bringing about
changes. The Socialist, howevor, has
spoken on tho Paris Commune, with
two objects: the first to show the workers that they must understand society
as it is constituted, and the class nature of governments, and the second to
show them that the fate which befell
the communards would befall them if
at any time they attempt to bring
about any chango without knowledge
and understanding of the things that
aro happening around them. The com*
munards were fooled and betrayed.
They were slaughtered by a ruling
class that was so -low as to have understanding with the enemy without the
gate, a crime with whieh the same
class now accuses the working class
of, when it sends greetings to the
workors who have freed themselves of
the rule of capital. The Fronch working class has some ground for hating
the Hun ruling class, but they should
have moro desire to understand their
own ruling class, whioh has never
lightened the load of labor, and never
will. Labor itself will have to remove the bonds of capitalism from its
limbs before it will be free. If the
French are the most happy and contented people in the world today, thon
wo must be misinformed. If, however,
we aro correct in our estimate of the
situation, the French working claas is
under the same difficulties, and has
exactly the same problom to solve, as
did the Bussian working class, and as
have the working class of the capi-
tafetic countries throughout the world.
That problem is the freeing of the
working class from wage slavery. We
in Canada havo much to learn from the
Paris Commune. We should learn that
wo cannot advance faster than the
older countries, for if we do, the lot
of the Paris communards will be the lot
of the working class of this country.
* *      *
While in 1871 the ruling class know
that its interests were identical, no
matter which eountry it was ruling—in
other words understood the class nature of things—and that a victory of
the working class in any country was
against, the ruling class interests the
world over, they are now much
more solid on the point than they were
then. The workers must also learn
that capital is international, and an attack on capital in any country will be
resented by the ruling class of tho
world. As an instance of this, one has
only to turn to the recent action of
\ho Allied governments towards
Russin, and in Hungary, Self-determination of nations, indeed. Yes, at
tho point of tho bayonet, and with machino guns dirocting the eloction of a
constituent assembly in the latest
country to como under tho rule of tho
proletariat. So it will be with any
othor attempt of the working class to
take its own destiny into its hands,
unless tho workers of the world are
lined up, not as nationalists, but as an
international working clas*s, with no
racial differences, but one common purposo, that of frcoing the proletariat
from the rulo of capital. A long rango
study indeed, and a long range interpretation of the teachings of the Socialists, takon from thc ond of a capitalistic colored telescope, we should
imagine, and no doubt paid for by the
class which has nothing in common
with tho workors, and which fears that
its rule is nigh ended. May we Bay
that thc Socialists aro aware that
France is under capitalism, and that
the workers of tho world oro not desirous of the kind of freedom that thoy
have in Franco, Wc already hdvo that,
tho freedom to seek a job when tho
miiHtor class does not nood us, or a
job as tho heighth of prosperity, but
that they desiro a freedom from class
rulo and robbory.
The slayer of Jean Jnuros, tho Fronch
Sociulist, Ruoul Villian, hus been acquitted. Alphonse Zevaes, attorney for
Villain, declared the motive for tho net
was misguided patriotism. He appealed to lho court for the acquittal of Villain "in the namo of victory, which is
now .filing our hearts with joy." A
patriot is supposed to be ono that loves
his country, nnd it is evident that tho
French ruling class is willing to forgive much to thoso that lovo "their"
country, but wo wonder whnt will happen to tho man that attempted, attempted mind you, to rid the world of
Clemenccau, tho promier of Franco.
We havo no uso for men, that in their
ignorance, attack  tho  individual, be-
matter of whose country this individual
loved, whether it was the ruling clasa
idea of things, or the working class
view. In any case, we are not expecting that thc latter case will bo the
same as thc first, the one being a lover
of the capitalistic order of things, and
the other being a lover of things as
would benefit the working class. Such
is capitalistic justice, and patriotism.
After the war has been fought and
won for democracy, and the self-determination of nations, the following press
dispatch is illuminating:
"The Allies have demanded the
resignation of the Hungarian Soviet govornment, according to dispatches to the Exchange Telegraph
Company by way of 'Berlin and
Copenhagen. Thoy demand the
olection of a national assembly under tho supervision of Allied
troops.''
It would appear that all that is
needed to be added to it, is to provide
for Sir Sam Hughos to be sent over to
direct the military operations during
tho election, and Sir Robert Borden to
onact a War-Times Election Act, and
then overy thing will be lovely, and
Democracy will be secure indeed.
Really, it is funny, to seo tho press,
and captains of industry, so much upset
over the idea of tho one big union.
Have we not had a good mnny examples of thc get-togcthor spirit t The
politicians havo been divided into many
camps. But in times of stress, did they
not got together, drop their differences,
and in the interests of tho "nation"
form the "One Big Union" government t Tho church has also been very
busy for somo considerable time in attempting to bring about unity. Tho
members of tho churches have realized
that tho duplication of effort is wasted,
and that it also* causes noedless expense, hence they have, in season and
out of season, advocated what, why
One Big Union of churches. Tet when
the workers come to thc conclusion that
their efforts are being wasted, and that
much of their energies are dissipated,
and they realize that it would bo better for tho working class as a whole, if
the members of that class did away
with petty distinctions and divisions,
and organize the One Big Union of
workers, then what a different story!
It is Bolshevism; it is tending to anarchy, and the so often in the past derided foreign American international
unions, aro lauded to the skies, and the
One Big Union of the working class is
damned. Such, however, is capitalistic
logic. What is good for the master, is
bad for the slave. But wo aro of tho
opinion that the slave will 'lo his own
thinking. He seems to be getting to
that point, and this is realty what the
ruling class fears most.
Having for many years been desirous
of finding out what a living wage is,
we seized with glee the following press
item, and pass it on to our readers,
with the hope that having gained this
knowledge, they will realize what a
living wage is, and get over the desire
to secure it, and domand the full product of their toil, as it is evident that
"a living wage" is what Blaves havo
always had. In other words, a living
wage is a slave's portion, hay and oats,
corn beef and cabbage, and a place to
Bleep, and capitalistic papers to read,
so that he would not get any silly So-,
cialistie ideas in his head, and which
might have a tendency to get him kicking over the traces.
* "North Vancouver, March 31.—Vory
Rev. J. Wolch, O. M. I., oblate provincial, in the course of a sermon in St.
Edmund's Catholic Church on Sunday,
dealt with tho issue of what constitutes
a living wage. It had, he said, been defined by the late Pope Leo XIII., who
had contended that every man wilUng
to work waB entitled to remuneration
to enable him to live in frugal comfort
at least, in a sanitary house, and with
nourishing food for himself, his wifo
and children. He should be able to
provide his family with clothing, to
save a sum sufficient to meet the do*
mands of old age, and not to be com*
polled after a life of labor, to bo
thrown into a poorhouse or hospital, to
be maintained at the publie expense.
He should also havo enough earning
capacity to be able to support hii
chruch, school and benevolent organizations ,nnd to provide himself and family with literature and newspapers."
The press reports with glee "that
the situation in Russia is getting
worse." What eould be expected with
a blockade in existence. Well knowing
thut the workors would not stand for
any more war, and especially against
a working class regime, the blockade
was used to defeat the Soviet Government, and to prevent the spread of the
working class ownership of the means
of woalth production. Let Russia or
any othor nation, or group of nations put a blockade on any of the
Allied countrios and conditions would
very soon become "worse" in theBe
lands. Truly the master class will do
anything to retain its hold and powor
over the slavo class in society.
RAYMOND   ROBBINS  ON  RUSSIA
"All power to tho Soviet" "These
five words gave the Bolsheviki control
of Russia," says Raymond Robins, of
the American Rod Cross Mission in
Russia, in a atatement to tho Senate
Bolshevik investigating committoe, on
March 6. "Everywhere I went in Russia," he said, "I saw that side by side
with the old dead institutions there was
growing the Soviot system binding together the great mass of the people,
"It was 93 per cent, of the population against the upper 7 per cent, that
Is to say, the old regime. The upper
per cont. depended in tho last analysis
on the nearest rifles, and the nearest
rifles wcro in Germany."
He declared that had the United
States responded to tho message from
tho Soviet governmont of Russia and
aided them at the crucial momont, Russia would have repudiated tho Brest-
Litovsk treaty and remained in the
wnr.
"In every respect America has felled utterly in her Russian policy," ho
said, "piling blunder upon blunder and
mistake upon mistake and endeavoring
to covor the resulta of stupidity with
lies.
"The time has come, now, whon we
must know the factR about Bolshevism," he thundered, "Not to libel, or
to slander, or defend, but to know. Only
by knowing can America meet this
challenge.''
"Tho war is over now, and wo cnn
toll nnd know the truth—look squarely
at tho situation abroad. Italy is a government on a volcano; underneath tho
surface In Franco is a growing class-
consciousness determined to put
through the Socinlist programmo. Lloyd
George with a Tory govornment. behind
him did not dnro to enforce thc public
law against tho Soviets in Belfast. Does
this look tike a movoment that you can
crush hy mere denunciation!
In roply to the question from Senator
Boi-
tho"formetf)^d of tho Red Cross organization fiftid quickly:   -
"By teliM the truth and showing
what iB involved. If we keop up with
the march -of ^bogress, we need not fear
Bolshevism. But forco alono is an old
failure against' ideas. Govornment can
never cxpec't'to suppress a desiro for a
better humin life with force."
He points out that Bolshevism, like
I. W. W.isni, sprouts and grows on economic wrongs. "Take the foar of unemployment, accidents and sickness
from thc workhian's home, and you remove the ncod'of Bolshevism," ho said.
"Laws against the red flag, or any
othor hyBteria, directed at superficial
things, aro of no avail. Get at the fundamentals."
Bolsheviki Fought Germans
Tho Bolsheviki were the only party
in Russia to consistently oppose the
German autocracy, Robins declared, intimating that alleged proofs of German-Bolshevik connivnnco, such as tho
Sisson documents, had beon prepared
solely in order to cover up outrageous
blunders mado by administration loadors in thoir policy toward Russia.
"Our stupid policy towards that
country,'' he asserted, '' has most effectually played into Germany's hands
throughout."
Robins referred to tho abhorrence in
which the Bolsheviki are now genorally held. That was what tho Germans
sought, he said, in order that they
might havo tho wholo fiold free for
their own commorcial exploit ation after
the war.
He said that the Germnns financed
and supported anarchist organizations
in Russia, in order to discredit the Bolshoviki with the Allies.
Robins utterly condemned tho Cze-
eho-Slovak invasion of Siberia, and
told how it had overthrown n stable
Soviot government in thc outlying parts
of Russia.
"After the Czecho-Slovaks got in, I
heard of plenty of disorder in Siberia,"
he commented dryly, adding that in his
entire sojourn in Russia ho hnd not
come across half as much disorder as ho
could read about in a singlo issuo of an
American newspaper.
He gave an interesting sidelight on
the dissolving of the Constituent Assembly when he told how it was controlled by Tchernoff, who, Kerensky
and Brcshkovskaya both ngreed, was
hand in glove with the German military
intrigue.
"I bolieve the forcible adjournment
of tho Constituent Assembly was in the
interests of the Allied cause," he said.
Mme. Brcshkovsknya also camo in
for somo sharp criticism from Robins,
who said that much as he admired her,
he felt her attitude after Kerensky fell
to be very inconsistent
"ft you.pnc'ouragc a revolution," bo
said, "you mpst not be heard to weep
when it co^qrs."
H__ told of his many conferences with
Lenino anfl.of.Jiis sincere admiration of
tho statesmanlike qualities of the former, who, he said, always was amenable to roason*. A letter from Lenino
was his unquestioned passport over thc
entire GOQQU miles of travel and every
Courtesy waa shown him by the local
Soviet authorities.
In response to senatorial heckling,
Colonel Robins explained, "I am trying to toll-thai truth about it (Bolshevism). I refuse to be put in a position
of defending atrocities, but I prefer to
understand a .situation rather than to
denounce it I found more bitterness
in the United States against Bolshevik
atrocities than against Bloody Monday,
and all the long line of Czarist persecutions, I would liko to see both sides
of this question presented. More pns-
sion and resentment will not take care
of it. Don't go witch hunting, don't
use tyranny, don't get hysterical."
As an avowed anti-Socialist, Colonol
Robins' testimony in regard to Russia
long waited and strangely withhold,
must carry no  inconsiderable weight,
Don't Be
Bamboozled
When you buy eBB„,
you don't buy on price
basis alone. There are
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Just the same with
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Hobberlin Tailored
Suits at
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RICKSON'S
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830 GRANVILLE ST.
Union Store    Near Robson
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JAMES BPANlf&CQ.I
723Rob5onSK     I
VANCOUVER.B.C.     t
especially his words, "Not to libel or
to slander, or to defend, but to know."
Only by knowing can America moot the
challenge of tho times!
Ask your grocer if his dorks' ,aro in
the union t
is appearing. The restraint and anxiety bt the past
is being replaced by gladness and freedom, andl
bright hopes for the future. Thousands of home-
builders are considering the things that are to
brighten the new home.   Silverware, for instance.
When thinking of silverware think of Birks'—produced ia
Canada by Canadian workmen, and second to nono for quality and servico. Call and seo our fine displays of silverware.
Oranvllle and
Georgia Streets
"The House Behind the Goods9*
TEA
"As
in
a game of cards,
so in the
nme
of
lifn,
wn
must play with
what is   dealt
ua,
and
the glory consist, not so much
itt win*
ning
as
in playing a poor
hand well
"—SAVK  YO0R MO-NIT-__
STAKT A BANK ACOO0HT HI
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow away yoar spar* mtk
In ony old -oorner when It to la
dftogttr from burglari or trt.
Tho Merchants Buk of OSMJO
offer* you perfect safety for you
monoy, and will giv* yo» Ml banking service, whethor your aceotal Is
large or'Bmoll.
Intereit   allowed   ta   savings   As*
posits.
A. G. FRASER. Manapr
Onnville    snd    Pender
W. 0. JOT, Manager
Hastings tad Canal
JOHNSTON'S
Super-Value
The A-ttor Tta at $6.95
MKN—Nowhere ln tbe Dominion of Canada
todty ota yoa oqnal this Boot fer value. It's
Iho peer of thom til—yom'll pty two dollars
mtn tnd aot got such a good boot. Here It
is, ta mtbogtny ducbest otlf stock, the ftat*
ou "Woar-Rlte" solos and tolld rubber
heels. A stylish boot spooltUy suited for
winter w-ttr. Good enotgh for tny mtn tad
ovory poir guaranteed. Worth 98.00, J*fcs>
stoa'i prioe—
$5.95
SBAPBS   EXACTLY   LZEB   THB   ILLUSTRATIONS
tad tlio ton otber popular styles to ohoost
from—three now shapes ia Blucher* arrived
lut Sattrdty, Thli is tho boot we ordered
1000 pairs of eo wo oonM retail It to tht
men of Vancouver at thie prloo. Ton make
t mlittke If yoa doa't invastigat* tho "Af
tor"—It's the best baying you've bad elneo
long boforo the wtr, Remember, ten shape*;
mahogany itock, "Wetr-Btte" soles, telllsf
ak—  .
ill i.u r-»u]n of tltc inq etc.:Iru' lv<M
\_W   >   i  itij'i't   • S  A      *'*t*. ttt -...;.-i '    JL     -fr*
Btag op Phone Soymour ISM f«
appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
MU Ml Dominion BalMlif
VANCOUVEB, B. a
XKOOBFORAYBD Mil
Bank of Toronto
Assets ,   ,          ..__. tHOOO.000
Deposit! a    93,000,000
Joint Savings Aeeonnt
A    JOINT Savlags Acooaat «f to
J\   opened it Th* Bank of Tomato
*  ■    ta the nw* of two or  mon
persons.    Ia   thua   atwaati   offt*
pirty miy sifa ehooaoi   or  dtpoitt
-manty.    Vor  th*  dtffomt mnr
of a family or a *ra a Johl t*»oi*l
U often a gnat convenience, IaUnft
li paid oa balance*.
Vancourer Braneh:
Oerair Haitian »d OamW* StmM
Branohei at:
Ttctorta,   Hinitt, Mi w WMOduMr
"Strike Notice"
** NION MEN, do you know
. II   that the next striko iu Van-
*~   couver ia going to be au
OIL STBIKE.
It will bc the greatest atrike
for you, provided   you   hold   a
paid-up membership in the SUB-
BEY OIL CO., LTD.
BODY" knowe thoro is oil in
Don't   wait   until   "EVERY-'
BODY" knows thoro ia oil in the
Frasor Valley.
All th. Director, of thie Compsny
ar.. or formerly wero,  UNION men,
representing FIVE different   Unions.
The. know your position,   therefore
yeu .re .r.ured of a straight denl.
Th. 8UKKKT OIL 00. shire, sr.
the best buy In tho city.    Call .nd
I will prove It.   LIMITED ISSUE, 5
unt. por eh.re.
Small   capitalization,   l»rg.   holding.
Oet yonr orders tn QUIOK.    Ca
•nly b. obtained from
G. Gatheral Fleming
146 HOMES STBEET
Phone Sey. 4317
Opon till 9 Saturday evening
..
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value.
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers' Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
 t '            	
DENTISTRY
—WITH  A—
REPUTATION
Clients  who  patronize  my
offices   can   be   absolutely
fearless.
Every    modern    method
known in the science of den
tistry is applied for the alle
viation of pain,
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
Opening Evenings 7 to S
o'clock.  Dental Num la
Attendance
Tton»»nili  of  UNION  MEN  carrr a
Slekaeia   .nd   Accident   Poller   wltb
th.
Merchants Casualty Co.
Onr poller costs $1.00 per month
and op.
Our poller P*7* 'or all accldonti.
Onr poller Pft.fi for every known
diseaso.                    ......
Oar address is 808 Rogers Building.
Oar phono number Is Ser. ?765.
W* want a* capable representative
la eaeh TOIOat LOCAL.
ORANVILLB, CORNER 01
ROBSON STREET
Over Owl Ding Store
Phone Sey. MM
PatnalH Pederatkralst   aivertisen fbidat.— A^mr»»~
twant ma. v*. h   THE BRITISH COLUHBIA FEDERATIONIST   tahoobV^ *■ *
PAGBMV1
oil!
your
opportunity
Get in at the beginning of a company which has already struck oil in com-
mercial quantities and absolutely controls thousands of acres of oil-producing
properties.
Columbia Oil Co., Ltd.
(Non-personal Liability)
Capital $1,600,000
Par vslue, $1.00 per share
Thia company haa struck a high-grade oil of
paraffin ba»o, apparently in great qnantitioa, on
Ua property in Southeast Kootenay, noar thn
Alberta boundary. It absolutely octroi* 2960
acrea of land pronounced bf otperta aa oil-bear-
.*•»•
W« stack aU it only HO feet. Bvery expert
report points t* tha fact that «k* development
at aat pwperWaa at grettn depth will ea/ul, if
aet mivmb tke |«sher Mda ef Texas ud OHa-
fc**m
M<r. Ouy K. Kirkpatrick, an eminent oil engineer, after Manuring onr property, stated that
• weH producing only two barrels of auch high-
grade oil per day would pay a handsome proflt.
sua DOMonoir oovsuraiBirr fats a
aoovnr or ny, mam pbe babbbl ok
OIL or IBB QUALI1T WB 8TBCCK.
Mr. A. Patrick, hnd driller, writing fron Oil
Oity, AM*., March 17, UU, Says: "We are down
•M fact. Oood showing of oil, Tools all gummed. Bipect bring is big well after going
Heepw into oil sands."
Hr. Patrick M now drittng Just acna tht Al.
berto boandaqr Mm the OoluraMa OH Oo. prop.
•ctr.
The OeltimbU Oil Oo. eontrN 8*00 acres ot
-amvan oil land ln this section. The OovernmoBt
«Uaks there is millions tn It. If feat's »o—it's
M opportonttr seldom oflend to get into our
attttjmt n tht tronad floor,
OwFMdHii]
1 Piov-.ii m a Producer
W. hav. Mtm.Ur .IrMk otl—feft-. tntea mr ground.
W. co.tml th. tamt aB treatt thi. prove, bor.. >*W.
hav. a Ml .eulMMnt eoMUtfif of heavy .tM-Urd drH*
Haf rif, paa-Mac ..at. pipiof ler Ibr..
,    j wette,
hv mat, eAea'aaA kttildt«f*^-*"loH de.Vi.|M.-t eqoip*
SHal-HH haatht .ni paid let. TU <wii«k for No. 2
Writ U emted.
BRITISH COLUMBIA GOVERNMENT APPROPRIATES $50,000 FOR DEVELOPMENT WORK ON OIL LANDS NEAR COLUMBIA OIL 00. PROPERTY
Bead thia extinct from the Sun of March 27,1919:"
"Victor!., Karek 27.—Pron-nt. ot Ulimlteble wealth
te be teraered at seine future date ere opened up by a MH
wkieh the JHaieter ef Land, has introduced which sets
Mid. $50,000 to .Id in the development of oo.l, potroloum
aad natural tea lying under Crown land..
"Th. IdM is to carry on an investigation in the neighborhood of th. Albort. boundary—some persons are eve.
.. sft-gain. u to believe that within a Stw yean this
..ure. of v-MKh will suffice not only to p.y the publie debt
of Britlah  Columbia,   but also  provide  a  large  annual
Dtvtlopmtnt Win Bring Divide**
W. mat t. pat hi pro*-*u1r oa a aivid.adp.ylnt
hul, aniokly. "Hsat's Ik. oaly nun why w. doa't
taak. Ma a «... eorporatlon, u Buy ei natpanlsa
■So*--*. levators ropMy beaoaing adMeaain..
-OUR OFFER-
WX **TUt, MB A UK-AD FBaiOS*, OITEB SHAKES OF THB COLUMBIA OIL OO. AT US OENTS
MB BABE, BZTHEB FULLY PAD VP OB OH MOKTHLT PATMENTS.
This offer is open only until we have secured suScient funds tt push dovelopment work as advised by our
Ml experts.    When this amount ii subscribed, tht salt of stook will promptly cease.
Wa k in ■annal investment with wonderful ipeonlatiTe possibilities.
Otl, writo ti phon foe Wanton giving completo detail!. Victory bonds token tt full faot value.
Canada Bond Sales Co.
UNDERWRITERS
Phone Seymoar 9350 310 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B. C.
TERMINAL SALVAGE CO. MOVING SALE
Now Comes
the Final
Sacrifice
for which you have been waiting.
The time has arrived for the
launching of this stupendous final clean up. A value-giving
sale that will not be forgotten for years to come. It is now
only a matter of days when the Terminal Salvage Company
will have to move. No longer is there a profit on anything.
All considerations of cost have been disregarded. Where
lines are badly broken goods have been terrifically slashed.
But everywhere, in every department, on every item, radical
decisive further reductions have been made for this final sale,
which ends-in two weeks. Our orders are to empty the shelves at once.
DONT MISS IT!—Supply Your Hardware Needs Now
$5.00   Stanley   Bailey  Plane,
No. 3 $3.96
$4.00    Stanley    and    Atkins
Ratchet Brace, 10  and   12-
inch sweep  $2.96
$2.25 Stanley Hardwood Levels
up to 30 inches  $1.26
$4.25 Shirley and Dietrich 26-
inch Handsaws  $2,96
$6.25 Disston's No. 12 26-inch
Hand Saws $4.96
$2.00   Stanley   Brace, 10-mch
sweep _ $1.26
Kc  Carpenter's Pencils,  red
or black lead, 9-inch  -6e
$3.00 Pruning Saws, lest than
half $1*
Kalsomine, cold water, ia all
shades 45o
$1.25 Sprucctex Floor Hop or
Duster 78c
3XXX Ebony Paint Brushes
for 39o
Galvanized Wire Clothes Line,
19-gauge, 100 feet 80e
McClary's   Wash  Boilers sell
at $1.96
Furnace Chain, foot Se
22 long and long rifle Remington Shells, 3 boxes 96e
$1.25 box S. ft W 90c
$2.60 box .44-40 $1,40
RODS, REELS, LINES,
HOOKS
$2.00 Steel Fishing Rocls..$1.50
$3.50 Steel Fishing  Rods  sell
at   $2.95
20c Pishing Lines .....*. lOo
60c Fishing Lines 36o
TERMINAL
SALVAGE
25 Hastings St.W.
Next to Rex Theatre
TERMINAL SALVAGE CO. MOVING SALE
Bditor B. O. V-elMWtionist; WiU
you ploase send me three copies of the
edition ot the B. O.'Foderatiooiit oontaining "Where „tM Baby Comes
Prom" bjr J. 8. Woo'dsworth. I never
saw the subject so beautifully and so
informing!)- dealt witb.
I always look fdy Hr. Woodsworth'*
articles and for reports of Lie addresses
in the B. C. Foderationist. Vancouver
is rich in having in its labor ranks men
with high courage and keen intellect.
And not least amonjj these names is
that of J. S. Woodsworth.
I wish that jox-kygiene as Mr.
Woodsworth handles it could be taught
to all boys and girls.
aI hope to seo more artl-sles from the
sftmo pen on the same 'subject. The
"Boys' and Girls^ Corner" as conducted by Mr. Wnodsworlli gives an added
value to thc British Columbia Fedora*
tionist.
A REGULAR READER.
Editor B. C. Federationist: In reply' to tho letter Of Wm, E. Lansdcll
last week I am sorry to have to hurt
his feelings by '' beefing'' about
cheaper powder and advocating church
and social reform, but it seems to me
that even ii a revolution is about to
break, as he says, on, over, or near us,
it does not make the need of cheaper
powder for this undeveloped province
any less important, for no matter what
form of wideawake governmont we
havo here, whether Soviet or anything
else, the principal thing is tho production of food; also to speak about playing Bolshevikis or Spartacans here in
British Columbia, shows a very poor
grasp of international affairs, and
would quickly lead to being eliminated
instead of eliminating the social para*
sites. The trouble is, we are up against
natural laws, and nothing but a national calamity oan make the people see the
same thing, in the same light, at the
same time, becauao we are all living
more or less under diffecrnt conditions,
and while a fair number would like to
play Bolsheviks, by far the greater part'
want to see a defined policy. I believe
the Province of British Columbia is further advanced in thought than either
the rest of Canada or the States, and
for a scattered and dependent Provinco
to take the initiative in any rovolution
only means loss of life to no purpose.
Again Christianity may be dead as
far as Alf. Lansdell is concerned, but I
believe for tho majority of people it
will not die. It is not the fault of the
Gospel that it was not lived up to, and
before tho whooK'* of social life run
smoothly again, IJ'believe the reformed
church will be a Hig factor in helping
to obtain justice..'; W If Wm. Thinks
that seizing Brit Mb 'Columbia scenery
and trying to eliiAinate the social parasites, (whom we -ttPnftot touch only by
interau tion id meafniO- is the only solution of our proble-iflB/1! do not, but, for
tho presont, I b*fit#% our hopes are
better centred in W tfife political Labor
Party, ready at anJ«'t.imo to back up
Labor in other pttifs'tif the Empire, or
across the line.     ewioj
Hard facts antfceohimon sense alone
will put the workout, ahead, bounce and
hot air, will put iw back.   Yours truly,
SAMJUEL LIGGINS.
A Mandate io Ottawa
Editor B. C. Federationist: Inconsistent with my usual policy, I now speak
for myself and without authority from
any party, merely »s one of the rank
and file. I am guided by sincerity, and
an earnest desire to nevor again witness the wholesale shedding of blood,
be it in the form of a war of interests,
or a war ■' 'twixt classes on any other
plane than that of education aud organization. A Kim mel Park tragedy,
a wido world war, a bloody rovolution;
all these and more, have been, and are
yet to come, are undeniable. So let us
see what governments have to consider,
and whnt a world of workers coat-cm-
jjlute in social revolution.
Browsing around Europe, I find that
tho workers ultimately intend to control the Stato, and I contend that tho
majority of the workers desire to bring
this about without bloodshed, or undue
suffering to all concerned. They will
make no revolution if honestly met. Aa
armistice can be arranged if the following facts be woighed by all sincero
mortals.
No system is eternal, so mnke an imaginative leap. The present system of
wages and profits need not endure for
ever; ultimately it will be replaced by
production for use, controlled by the
State. Ultimately most peoplo must
live much alike, thc workers must havo
access to thc beauty and comfort, that
arc now the monopoly of tho rich. That
principle is, absolute., thoso who cannot
accept it break with us here, is my
humble opinion.
It is of no use trying to deceivo tho
worker. Wo mean what wc say. We
are tired of "riding the rods," prisonlike asylums, and dingy ugly dwelling
"dug outs." It is no use protending
to accord our demunds and thon offer
ua leaa thun a ruling class want for
themselves. It is no use "settling"
strikes by tricking us, namely, by raising prices equally with wages, our increases in wages, but signify that commodity prices rise on equal ratio. Ws
desire food, clothing nnd shelter; it is
the desire of tho animal as with tho human. Wages signify little to a modern
imagination. Their purchasing power
rises and falls Apparently with the
ocean tides. Govftriimciits should readily soe lhat thefworkers have to cat
every day, just |ko an army. By ignoring this simps fact, you only irritate moderate workers into revolutionists.
In Canada wejjjjfye at presont Labor
unions and I.abjtijl, parties; Socialist
Tarty of -Hatmtfej'tComrades of the
Great War, UreafjWar Veterans, each
in turn having dUfwcnt views, yet all
iniMiibt.rs of n ilsiftR class, but Ottawa
can forgo thoir U-Nhr. if they realize
that economic cittlKt.sranees will forco
these group,-} tog-OEw for concerted effort, iu a-future il far distant. Canadian Iroojis, from^he Rhine, taught
daily, thui thoyaSfet reconstruct the
political-life of Cfffffidu and, whenever
wc attempt to reconstruct, I am sure it
will bo wilh a delightful sense of completion. Both officers and men are
agreed insofar as soldiers are concerned, that, to put it broadly, thoy are entitled to food, clothing and shelter, and
any group, irrespective of thoir namo
or object, Unit stands between that desire and its fulfillment, is contemplating politieal strife which, mark you
well, will be carried out by individuals
not liable to be intimidated by physical
fear. Then we nay assume that they
havo access to the means of lifo.
It is not a orime to bo unemployed.
Wo Intend no longer to be the victims
of oyer-production, and "under distribution," while tb* powors that be sell
off their stock, which ia produced by
exploitation for speculation. They
must no longtr saMulaie in men's livos.
No more to iwo aV'>ri.f "a worklemnoM
to forco him-t* takn a blacking's priee.
FORCE IB MO MMBDT
FOE BOCIAl OTH0T
Urneum Wffl Mn
KotbJaf
Chicago.—Matthew WoH, pmUeat
Of tke International Photo la-gnvM-i'
Union, and editor of tha AttorieH
Photo Engraver, -givea thu advi-et to
lawmakers:
"Tes, we may deport a few hundred
or thousand foreign agitators from our
land. We may enact further repressive
legislation and then rteline in the
happy thought that nil disturbers of
the peace are forever restrained and
disposed of. Wt may even foree the
settlement of strikes /by the power of
arme and the injunctive writ of the
courts. Indeed, repression only begets
a more turbulent and a more dangorona
manifestation of unrest nnd ultimately
leads to a condition where renson is
swept aside by passions of. n violent
temper. -Bussian autocrats hnve tried
that method and Bussia is reaping its
full reward today. German rulers have
tried the iron rule and Gormany today
is paying the priee.
"Just as every evil aet is bound to
reap its deserving punishment sooner
or lator, and every virtuous aet to receive its just reward, so a dilatory and
evasive congress will share the consequences of its failure to rise to the demands of the present time.
"If we are to bridge this period of
readjustment safely and in nn orderly
and peaceful way, if we are to continue enjoying domestio tranquility,
and if our good people in the United
States Oongress hope to continue in
their enjoyment of the coniforts and
emoluments of publie office, then stop
playing politics and enact the much
needed legislation which will put our
people to work at healthful hours of
toil, and with wages commensurate
with our American standard of living."
At the FanUiu
Topping the new bill »t The Pantages next
week, opening Monday, will be Mile. Blanc*,
one of the most graceful dancers the circuit
hu ever played, and a strong supporting
company in a series of artistic and spectscu-
lwr dances.
Por the speolal added feature. Manager
Pantages hae arranged for the flrst appearance here of the Three Naeaies, Norway's
famous ice skaters, This is the first ice-
skating act to come over the circuit .and la
expected to prove highly popular in Vanconver and other Northwest cities when hockey
is the rage.
Another strong drawing card will be Julia
Gifford. singing comedienne, who onee upon
a time vfss lira. Bobert Pltfiimmons, Julia
has some new songs that an aald to be
hitty.
The Tascano brothers are expert jugglera
and Roman battle ax throwers. They ara
among the best in their line. Mel Klee,
blackface comedian, whoso aot "ts called
"Ju.it a Laugh," is expected to bo In the
forefront of the new entertainment. Valentino Vox wilt be seen in an entertaining ven-
triloquial novelty.
Our advertisers support the Federationist. It is up to you to support
them.
appears to think it strange that we
should demand a shorter working day,
just as they are Bhocked if we buy a
piano or go to see Charlie Chaplin. They
must abandon this attitude, understand
that long hours of labor cut us off from
oulture and pleasure, and that it ia normal that we should want them. We
contend that shorter hours of labor are
in our social interests, therefore, the
government must take our word for it.
We can no longer consent to be producers, without interest or responsibility in that which wo alone produce.
Therefore, we ask for control ot tho
means of wealth production, by committeos Provincial and Dominion, not
optional but compulsory. Notably wo
ask thc. government to set an example.
Our house is our own. An educated
movement for state control by the
workers, is thc surest safeguard against
sudden revolution. Wo therefore ask
Ottawa, not to fear that wo propose to
instigate chaos by pulling down the
present system, we propose merely to
modify it in the direction of a new
order, and we shall be prudent becau?''
the ncw*order will be our order.
These are the broad principles to
which governments mnst subscribe, if
they sinceroly wish to avoid international revolution. Wo have minor demands, but the broad principles are the
gist of logic that I have found to be of
absorbing interest to the demobilized
soldiers of Great Britain, Germany, Belgium, France, Bussia and our colonies,
nn interest that is shared by the workers of those countries.
This programme is not final, but it
would endure for a long time, and insure against industrial revolution devoid of scientific administration. An
industrial peace during which the workor would learn harmoniously to rule the
State that will eventually be his. Ultimately we look to the full control of
production and distribution by the producers; we do not need a violent and
painful revolution to attain that end.
But, and here I speak as a class-conscious moderate, our moderation must
not be tnken as a weakness. The torms
are meant to avoid rovolution; if thoy
are not accepted and curried out, we
shall have to acknowledge that the revolutionists nre right, and wo shall be reluctantly driven into the ranks of the
revolutionaries.
To sum up: Tho workers of tho nntion demand access to the means of
life, food, clothing and shelter of a
higher standard, and I declare that on
this .point I echo tho sentiments of the
majority group of physical and brain-
workers of Canada. Figure out what
plan you will, but the workers aad soldiers, irrespective of their organisations, win with determination reinse to
face a coming winter with the dread of
want danglod before their nose, "Come
through, or get out."
Ignore thoso facts if you wiH, dally
with maudlin palliative toft if you
must, but take the international unrest
as your guide, and let it influence your
judgment, or the writing on the "wall
will be n "Soldiers and Workors Committee," and let us hope, nothing
worse.
S. H, COOKE.
You flan depend on the
Hillcrest
Dairy
A. FISH, Prop,
to  furnish you Pure MilV.
HouMwivos should incut on
aU delivery m«n ihowin-g
tbeir union cords.
It's Quality
Tells
Qulitr, Qwltt,, ov«ilMti_g qaol-
it,j tlot's what built tf tk* Vmi
Tuloiiag Co. ia so akoit a time to
ao *-*oala«i a pMttioa. Tkat, aal
ita .taught bnaiaaaa methods. Its
aggreaai-M attitude ia ad-rising aoldiers te investigate all propositions
hae met with high ajppreciatioa aad
the aew allowing, of
Spring Suitings
are now creating a rush of ordese
unprecedented in the FOBD annals.
At Ford'a yoa don't have te liko
what yoa get—yoa get what yoa
like. Teel and at the right price—
a price that makes wearing a Foai
Bait the most economical practice
you can adopt
I   UNION STPB1    I
unim
$35.00 up
wnovt ram
Stf.OQup
Htttiacs
St Wert
Mea MM
HAD NO EXPERIENCS.
IIINEOLA, N. Y.—At the Brooklyn
Rapid Transit wreck trial hero, It was
shown that the green motorman who
operated the train during a atrike, had
but a few hours' training. The prosecution contrasted this with the elaborate schooling ordinarily given motor-
men, which, witnesses swore, usually
took 21 days.
The wreck last November, resulting
In the loss of scores of lives, followed
a strike after the company had refused to reinstate victimized workers
on recommendation of the national
war labor board.
PAY POVERTY WAOE.
PHll*AI«LPHIA.-ha  lavorlag
creased wsges tat school
Miss Marie A. Depue, A high
teacher, said:
"The miatmaa aalary of a
In Pennsylvania la fSIB a year: U,M
teachers ln the stato recoivo that aa
ary. Tke average salary of a maa i
" aad ot a i
J71 a month aal ot a woman $61.
"These salaries, which wan l
Eva years ago, an Impossible
With the coet of living Inereesed
per cent, practically aa of oor taa
era ar* endoriag hardships ant hi
ara ln absolute want.''
Ii You Are In Fa ver of the O.B.U.
and wish to render financial support to tbe committee is
charge of the propaganda, and the taking ei the referen*
dum vote, ent ont this coupon and mail it with your donation to the Secretary of the Central Committee, V. R.
Midgley, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C
To tha Seoretary ot thi Central OommittM at th* 0.1. O.
Enclosed pleat* find the sum of $....  ..._ u rnrj
contribution towards th* propaganda and expense in taking
tbe referendum vote for th* 0. B. V. Tou need not send •
receipt ,an acknowledgment through The Federationitt will be
sufficient.
(Signed) ,
GROCERIES
AT WOODff ARiyS NON-DELIVERY PRICES
A few of the Speciala for week commencing Saturday, April 5th
Wild Rose Pastry Flour—
10 lbs Me
Vantoria Peas, per tin..U-/-*o
Best Jap Rice, 2 lbs. for..21o
Woodward's Better Tea-
Reg. 60c 63e
Gold Dust, per pkg 9e
Sunlight Soap, 4 bars..20'/2e
Reindeer Milk, per tin 19c
Vantoria Jam, per tin 31c
Green Peas, 2 lbs 17c
Tapioca, 2 lbs 22e
Blue Ribbon Evaporated
Peaches 19e
Royal Excelsior Sates,
per pkg 24c
Bon Ton Seeded Raisins,
15 oa 1514c
Family Sodas, pkg 31c
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Cow Brand Soda, 1 lb.
package iy_a
Corn Starch, per pkg lie
While Gloss Starch, pkg..llc
Silver Gloss Starch 13-/2C
Magic Baking Powder,
per tin  24c
Nabob Baking Powdor,
per tin 24c
Pride of Vancouver Baking
Powder  20c
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per pkg 23c
Holbrook *s Custard Powder,
per pkg 12V_'o
Delton's Custard Powder,
per tin 24c
Vcliarcn's Jelly Pow-
dcre 9-VJo
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Powder* »He
Clark's Pork and Beans,
per tin .Sa
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Lobsters in y_'t S3t
B. C. Fresh Herring, %'s..7e
B. C. Salmon, y_'s %y_t
Stanley's Marmalade, 16-
01. glass 2le
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Holbrook's Vinegar, per
bottlo 29*
Argood Pickles, bottlo ....21*
Colman's Mustard, -*4's..24e
Irwin & Billings' Tomato
Ketchup  980
Bluo Label Ketchup,
per bottle 3*0
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Chase & Sanborn's Coffee—
Per tin ..490
Woodward's Better Coffee,
fresh ground, reg. 50c..46i
Ground Sweet Almond,
per bottle 25c
Baker's Cocoanut, tin ....16c
Lowney's Cocoa, \'_'b 21c
Cowan's Cocoa, \_'a  22c
Grapcnuts, per pkg ASc
Krumbles, per pkg lO'/io
Roman Meal, pkg 30c
Shredded Wheat 13e
Robin Hood Porridge Oats,
4's 28«
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Per pkg U\_t
Hirondclle 's Macaroni, per
package 11V&*
St. Charles Milk, tin....l2*/2*
Carnation Milk, tin 12y8e
Pride of Vancouver Sterilized Milk  lO^e TAGE BIX
eleventh tear. No. it    THE BRITISH COLOTBIA FEDERATIONIST     vancouveb, b. c.
JTODAT  April  4, 1M»
Four Carloads of New Spring Wallpapers Already
in Our Warehouse, and Are Now on Display
in the Wallpaper Department
VALUES TO *10c, for 86c—Several patterns in pretty two-tone shades
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IM TABDS WALT, Bl'ItLAP—Already sizod and ready to apply to the
wall; color red; 3f» iaclies -.-id..   Begular 50c yard, for 39c
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VALUES TO 26c, FOB 15c—An exceptional, offering and an opportunity you cannot afford to mi... Several patterns and colorings, somo on
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VALUES TO 15c, FOB 10c—Seo these patterns, they are very suitable
for tb. 1.S3 important rooms; several colors.   A great bargain.
110 YARDS JIEEATIS WALL LEATHEE—For lower parts of walls,
hi kails, dens, dining rooms; 50 inches wide; colors of brown, rod and
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Paints, Shingle Stains, Varnishes and Kalsomines at
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TUBE CBEOSOTE SHINGLE STAIN—Made especially for Spencer's
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IrgBllon tin, per gallon 91.40
BPRNCERS PL'BE BEADY MIXED PAINT—Nono better at any price;
.150 gullous on sale tomorrow, in whito or cream colors only.   One
(alien;  regular 44.D5, for 14.26
Half gallon, regular $2.05, for  12.16
■TBNCKB'S BEST FLOOE AND LINOLEUM   VABNISH—Will   not
scratch; white; gallon - $4.36
Half gallon  $2.36    Quarts  $1.26
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floors or furniture, dries over night.    Highest quality.    Satisfaction
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Quarts  $1.30    Pints  70c
WHITING—Pound  6e
David Spencer, Limited
^WORKERS UNION
Named Shoes are frequently nude in
Non-union factories
UNIOI
rAMP
DO NOT BUY ANT SHOE
 „ No matter what it's name, unless ft
radorV bears a plain and readable impression
Vi--•>£•' '      of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoes without tha UNION STAMP arc always Non-union
So Nat accept any excuse for Absence of the Union Stamp
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
246 SUMMER STREET, BOSTON, MASS.
»OHN F. TOBIN, President CHAS. L. BAINB, Sec.-Treas.
ALL GBADES
COAL
Oar Motto: FULL WEIGHT
QUALITY, SERVICE
Evans, Coleman &
Evans, Limited
Bey. 2988 "d *y. 226
WHY TELEPHONE NVHBBB8 SHOULD
BB GIVEN -SLOWLY. ORB
DIGIT AT A TIME
Within reach ot each operator are row*
of small holes -called "jacks." Through
these the connections are made with flexible cords, the tips of which are inserted
in tbe "jacks" corresponding to numbers
called.
Here a connection it being made with
1-2-2-8. The operator must work wtth
care and precision. Host important of
all is that she shall understand correctly
the connection desired.- Numbers rattled
off hurriedly are often incorrectly given.
It will Help greatly if you will glv-ft
the number in this way: One-two-two*
three, speaking slowly and distinctly.
B. O. TELEPHONE 00., LTD.
B. C. FEDERATION OF
LABOR PROCEEDINGS
(Continued from $»£• 8)
severed tbe alliance which had taken
place between them and another body
ami then split that up into two parts.
That is the function pf one international organization amongst others. It was
a change granted to thc reptile press.
Where a system of organization by industry has been attempted you must
recollect this, presuming tho printers
and all the printers wero in one organization, it is true they have a printers' council, and yet tliere is not an organization I suppose on the face of
the earth which is continually asking
for thc support of other organizations
more than the printers themselves.
Therefore, it shows that it is absolutely useless without the support of the
workers outside, and when you speak
of industrial organizations you do not
mean little industries here and there,
wc do not mean the metal trades' council as constituted of thc workers in a
ship yard. They cannot do anything
alone, following that courso wo aro
simply reverting back to the older larger crafts. You might recollect thiB, that
in the past history of unions, for instance, there was only a, builder in tho
building trade, but later on in that
particular line, various crafts were
formed, and many internationals sprung
up as a result, and that being tho case
we have come to tho conclusion, that
inasmuch as industrial organization has
been urged for theso many years, and
as it is again urged at this convention,
we feel that it should bc pointed out
to thc membership that before you can
ft art talking about organized industries, on what is really an industrial
scale all the working class organizations, then they must sever tho connection with the particular organization
which keeps them divided into crafts.
That you must scvor yourself completely, nnd then form again, forming a new
centre from which you might direct
your efforts.
Delegate Boberts: I might say that
some of the delegates here are of the
opinion that by getting thc small crafts
together it would be a kind of industrial organization. I cannot see no* it
would be. I have another idea entirely
about industrial organization. If we
admit that by having them consolidated
together in ono room we gain strength,
you certainly would have a greater
strength by having all in an organization, one organization for Canada, hut
we have to have somo starting point.
Wo have to havo a starting point somewhere, and w<? foel that the time for
industrial organization in British Columbia has come, and I might say for
my own organization wo aro sick and
tired of the international.
In British Columbia there are about
eighty thousand miners and about two
thousand are organized. Now, if we
arc going to wait for tho international
to come and organizo us wo shall havo
to wait for the next twenty years. During the wnr was the best time for organization, but now thc war is over,
and they are still unorganized. It is
not only the miners but all the others
are just the same.. Seo what thc international  dono  with   the   coal   miners
»L-   I    I
when District 18 was on strike. They
absolutely refused to give them any
assistance, andl left them to fight by
themselves in 1917. They had to fight
that out alone. What ia th-a use of an
international being in existence if they
are going to leave us to fight alone.
The fact is w* arb supporting the international officer for the machinists,
the miners, thd loggers and everything
else. Now, we would do away with all
these officers by having one industrial
organization, and wc will havo only one
executivo to handle the whole thing,
so that it is a whole lot cheaper for
us and more effective than by having
those craft organizations as we have
today. Ab it is, one of them goes out
on strike today and the other is working, ono is scabbing on the other. Just
as we had it when the coal minors wero
on strike. Tho other miners in the
United States were working and shipping coal from there. If we were all
together wo could stop the whole thing
together, and I think it is to the best
interests of tho British Columbia workers that this resolution go through.
Delegato Rccb: Mr. Chnirman, this
is a very interesting resolution and certainly has somo merits to it. Thero
has beon considerable discussion in
British Columbia, particularly as to tho
advisability of severing their connection from tho international organization, so much so that I believe the tinie
has come when a voto should be takon
whother we want to keep our affiliation
with this organization or whether wo
wnnt to sever it. Howover, it is well
when sizing up the question that there
bo no misrepresentation and I am sure
my friend, Brother Roberts, would not
mako any representation which ho did
not think was proper. However, I would
liko to corroct his statement about district 18.
Thc officers arf here in Calgary, and
they can substantiate my statements.
Here was tho situation. Thc international told them to do certain things
and'they absolutely refused, and the
international association-told them "if
you do these things you will get from
ns what other districts have got" and
they said in common parlance "to hell
with you, keep your hands off," and
they did. District 18 has profited by
that experience and less than threo
weeks ago they said they would not
take action now until such time as tho
international union decided what action should be taken. Also let us go
back and look at Nova Scotia. I know
more about tho miners of course.
We had an international organization in Nova Scotia, we hnd a provincial workers' organization, but you will
find somo years ago that Nova Scotia
mine workors took a vote aa to whether
or not thoy would affiliate with tho international mino -workers' union, and
ninety-eight and a -half per cent of the
mino workers of. Jtfpva Scotia voted to
nffiliotc, and just] recently they havo
been affiliated -.-\)\i\i, regardless of all
these facts I sny,,J repeat what I said
beforo that tbSjron\hRs been so much
discussion about lho international boing a bug beaty-ttot it is as well we
understand, th»t it-bjc rank and file understand, whether; it is wiso that wo
stay with thorn-rand; for that reason I
think tho vote gliwld be taken.
Delegato W-atjilfe.- I might stato tho
substitute beans with it tho wishes of
pi-
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Par Value of Stock, 10c
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J. S. Anderson & Co., Ltd.
t(>
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543 Pender Street West
Fiscal Agents
Seymour 617
Vaneoaver. B. C.
the members of local 28 and that has
been their contention ever since they
have been reorganized and by voting in
favor of the resolution I am carrying
out tbo wishes of <h. members in general.
A Delegate: Tho international organization of the local which I represent
here today recently made a movo, the
only move I have known them to mako
for somo time. They moved the salaries up several notches and made it
retrospective. (Laughter.) Tho teamsters' organization which I represent
pay thc regular per capita tax and the
sum totals of returns we get for it is
a littlo magazine, which glorifies Bam
Oompers and all the rest that goes
along with him. Thc great trouble that
some of tho delegates have in mind in
speaking to this question is that they
do not seem to understand tho matter
of tho per capita taxes. Delegate Roes
speaks about the amount of money
which has been paid into Canada at
tho time of strikes. It is truo there are
several international organizations
which pay larger sums of money into
Canadian organizations than they havo
received from tho Canadian membership, or will receivo for some years to
come, bnt that money dicL not come
from the international, it came from
the'membership of the organization.
Secretary Wells: It seems to me, Mr.
Chairman, that tho delegates who have
dealt with tbis question have not been
dealing with the merits of tho resolution, and tho advantages to be gained
by the forming of an industrial organization, but rather nro contented with
kicking the international officers, and
objecting to the way the per capita
tuxes nre spent. Thero has boon a
change in thc conditions which have
formed the organizations and made it
possiblo for thoso organizations to bo
formed, and it is these changed conditions which aru muking our organizations take a stund now for industrinl
union instead of craft organizations.
We find-that the worker today is losing his craft skill, and the workers are
becoming more and moro like common
laborers. The old time mechanic is no
longer thc king of labor that he used
to be, and as a result of that, our craft
distinctions arc breaking down, and it
is becnuso of thot breaking down of
craft distinction that wo. find the agitation for industrial organizntion. Thc
question of per capita taxes to my mind
does not even enter into the question.
Delegate Allnmn: Mr. Chnirnitni, I
have listened to tho delegates with a
grent deal of pleasure and interest nnd
it is my first time at a convention of
this kind or any other kind practically,
and 1 must say that I have learned
more of the inner workings of tho international union than I ever read
about from other sources before, nnd
it is a wonder to me that the internationals have stood so long. In talking
lo the resolution it appears lo be it is
tho principle of the resolution which
vro wish to adopt and that is a form of
industrinl unionism. Now, it is not going to be a whole big ono industry so
far as the resolutions read but we are
going to reorganize thc present form
of locnl unions into their respective industries. Now, speaking for the loggers which was only organized here recently, how wonld wo look if wo snid
wo were going to start out after the.
hook-tenders in thnt particular industry, and formed them into one union,
and then wc nre going to form, another
branch of tho engineers in thnt industry, and then wc are going to form another branch of the*firemen, and each
hove their own respective officers. Wo
would not havo got the grout numbers
which we havo . now. The delegates
state wc havo about eight hundred. I
think if Delegato Midgley had been
moro closely connected, ho would havo
found out wc .are over two thousand
and still growing, for tho simplo reason that .we took tho stand of industrial unionism. We are taking everybody in tko lumber industry into that
organization whether ho is a fireman, a
cook or no matter what he is so long
rs he is in the lumber industry and he
just pays the one initiation fco and no
more.
Delegate Naylor: Mr, Chairman, if
the interpretation of this motion has
been put on record by this laBt speaker
I would say it is no uso to mo oither
in committeo or as committeo to go
and voice my sentiments in favor of
an industrial union because wo have already got ono.
The Chairman: Is that a question to
the chair!
Delegate Naylor: No, but I think
that iB not what thc re olution means.
The resolution means, to my mind, that
it is a real industrial union. If not,
then I have no businoss to speak on it
in any way, shape or form because we
havo already got what this brother
thinks we should have.
The Chairman: If you will pardon
me. for a motion I will ask the chairman to state just what the resolution
means.
Mr. Kavanagh: My idea of tho situation is not to organizo by industry as
for example, the motal trades or tho
loggers to themselves. It is to organize
into one big organization comprising
all workers, That is the form of organization that is contemplated I think.
.To organize by industry, is no further
than we aro at thc present time. Tlio
idea behind this is an industrial organization of all workers, not into crafts,
not into industries, but into one big
organization, that is the idea behind
this resolution.
Delegato Naylor: Woll, Mr Chairman, speaking on behalf of tho united
mino workers of America we have happen to be in the position of one of the
receivers of the grand donation from
the States, we have received finances
from tho miners of tho Unitod Statos,
not from the international organization,
to finance a strike, a big striko, they
financed us liberally and wo have to
thank them at all times for the million
and a quarter dollars, which thoy sent
us, but on the other hand whilo that
money was coming, I want to point
out to the delegates here just for their
information, just for propaganda and
for an understanding of it, that whilo
that money was coining on to Vancouver Island, there wcro letters coming
all the time criticising onc of our membors, nil tho timo letters wore being
sent attacking this man because he was
promoting tho strike on Vancouver Island. That is. tho way tho inteinuionul
wortks.
Delegate Watchman: Delogate McVety haB pointed out what is confronting us in the organization of labor. We
have hau international organizations;
wo hfve had religious organizations,
nnd we still hnvo our religious organizations, and I refor particularly now
to tho province of Quebec. We havo
tried by all manner of moans to fight
down and abolish the international organization, I do agree at this time and
I havo given sonic thought, nnd some
consideration to the formation of the
entire labor movoment, throughout tho
labor world, I have given some thought
of what is thc best kind of organization to get what wo require. I feel as
I say that wo should got together moro
than we aro now. When we learned
that the British labor has gono on record as on the question of appointing
five membors with mandatory powers
M________t________________________
We see a little trend of the idea which
is* prevailing throughout the world. I
want to point out in relation to our
own organization we have all kinds of
craft men, shipwrights, joiners, and
then we* bftYg carpentera, and in every
city" in the Dominion we have at least
from three to seven, and somo plaees
eight different local unionB of the same
particular craft. You will realizo with
organizations of that kind it ia absolutely necessary to try if possible and
create harmony inside of our own organizations, and also to create harmony
with the other organizntions, and the
only nation that I havo beon ablo to
see who has an organization which can
function, and function much more clearly, and much moro Tapidly than nny
other nation on the faco of the earth,
while possible it is not patriotic to
mention Germany at thc present time,
but I do feol that in the German labor
movement they have the ideal condition, and can movo in thoir respective
districts much quicker than they can
do on tho Americnn continont.
Delegate Kavanagh has referred to
the Seattle situation, the organizations
thero put in about twenty thousand dollars which was about tho limit of its
finances, and I want to say with tho
epidemie which has prevailed a short
time ago, thoy are practically broke.
That, of course, is based on thcir financial position and I say I have always
been opposed to an organization basing its fighting proclivity on its finances. I realize of course the importance
of doing so but I havo nevor mado
fetish of any organization. I belonged
to the carponters in Scotland, and
transferred to the amalgamated in this
country, and later changed into the
unitod brotherhood of Canada, and I
say whenever I can see an organization
which will accomplish something to my
mind and can accomplish it botter than
tho present organization I om in, then
I am going to get into that orgnnization, and it will not need any resolution lo bo presented to this convention
or any other convention to make mo
to do so. If tho intended purpose of
this resolution at this time, if the ideals
of tho I. W. W. covor tho desire of
this committee, then I say it would be
much better to get out and say so nnd
say so frankly, so that we would realize just whero wo are nt, and not put
up another kind of industrial organizntion which, after all, is simply a speculation at thiB time.
Delegate Moore: Mr. Chairman, in
speaking in favor of tho resolution, I
may say that our organization hns eome
to the conclusion that we should substitute something in the place of what
wo have got. Wo havo been instructed
to voto in favor of industrinl unionism.
Delegate MeDougall: So far as the
electrical workers arc concerned, they
have severed thcir connections a long
time ago, only so far as per enpita
taxes are concorned. The only troublo
wo have is keeping thc international
organization and international officers
out of our jurisdiction. We can get'
along well enough .without thom,.that,
has beon our position since 1912. In
speuking to our brother from tho loggers,, his form of organization has
been, the electrical workors have hud
that in operation since 1912. I believe
them to bo the pioneers of the Industrial organizations in British Columbia.
(Continued noxt page)
—Canada Food Board;
~   License &-18£5   :
YOU ARE
displaying good judgment when you
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25-lb. box Seeded Raisins, -1 n
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Cleaned Currants, OA_»
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Bleached Sultanas, OA. *
per lb .!  -fillC
Sun-Maid Sultanas, OtC_-*
2 pkgs .'. -bOC
Jelly Powders, all flavors, *| f\
package   _LUC-
Jelly Extracts—Lemon and      *■ C__
Vanilla, 2 bottlos for  IOC
Mixed Candied Peel, A __ —
por lb  40C
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Pearl Barley and Split Peas,   ftg
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Honey, pure local in bulk,        ^C.»
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26c Dentone Tooth Fast* ........ 17c
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600   Chaso's   Ointment  ~™. 42C
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50c A. B. S. * 0. Tablets . ZQo
20o Aiplrln Tablets, 1 doi ■—10o
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Dairy you will find record sheets
showing the daily record of each cow
in the heard That this Milk Is wonderfully rich ih Food value la proven
by these records.
Wo are quite conservative when wo
aay  that  "VAL'  JY  DAIRY  MILK
TOPS THEM  ALL,"
ttont Bay. IN
VALLEY
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T. B. CUTHBERTSON & 00.
Men'i Hatter* and Outfitter*
(M Oraarlll. Stiert
•12 Huttaii Stmt Wall
The Royal Bank
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INCORPORATED 1869
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up.
..$ 25,000,000
14,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 15,000,000
Total Assets - $360,000,000
518 branches in Canada, Newfoundland-and British Weit
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in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
Ole dollar opona an account on which intereat Is paid half-yearly at
current ratea.
THOS. PEACOCK,
Manager Vanconver Brafich
-* ■-" -* Mi ■
O. W. PEAZEE, Vaneoaver.
Snperviior tot & O. *IDAY_.
..April   4, Ml*
elbvbnth tbab. mi M   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. e.
PAGE SEVEN
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(Continued from page 0)
They have taken in all everything in
the way of an electrical worker, and
they are getting along very nicely, but
still with all that I can see there is a
chance of helping other organizations
out and it is, thereforo, for that roason that I am supporting the resolution.
Delogate Chrisholm: ThiB, aa I understand it is an expression of tht rank
and file of thoir ideas along this line.
The principal reason why I should support it is, the international organizations are principally engaged, and principally interested, in forming a groat
big barrier, or a great big fence around
their own particular organization, and
all their offorts whother through their
organizers, or through the executive
officers, are particularly along the lines
of heightening the height of this fence,
whieh consequently widens the breach
of the different sections of labor. This
started as a result of the capitalistic
system, but not being so progressive as
the capitalists it bas not kept pace with
it, and now tho result is that he cap-
iaiists are well organized industrially
and thoy have left trade unionism far
behind.
Delegate Montgomery: I might say
I got a mandate from the organization
which I represent here, to support thia
motion and when they discussed this
motion they discussed it on its merits,
and the question. was whs/her it was
good or not, but it has come down here
largoly to a villification of the different
craft organizations and so forth to a
certain extent. This is reconstruction
and when you are reconstructing somebody is going to suffer, and I have
much sympathy for those who are going to suffer. The old time craft unionism which has built up tho organizations and paid heavily to thom will
suffer undoubtedly by this action. It is,
however, brought about by conditions
or revolutions which are compelling
these actions to be taken. The rank
and file or wbat I would term the
roughnecks, to which organization I bolong today, it iB thom that have become tho rapid movers.
Delegate Sully: Mr. Chairman, I
wish to stato that I am a Home Ruler,
I have beon for a good many years.
I am a little surprised this afternoon
to hear the converts which have boon
mado with regard to tho international.
I can recollect back only a fow yoars
ago when thore wcro somo members in
Vancouvor in tho movemont who had
\ a pretty warm time, because thoy would
not affiliate with the international, but
I suppose, Mr. Prosidont, it is only a
mule who will not change his opinion,
and I am agreeably disappointed at
this timo to discover that there are
less mules in tliis convention than I
had any idea of.   (Laughter)
Delegate Taylor: Mr. Chairman, and
fellow delegates, I propose to look at
the proposition purely from its merits.
Z hove no particular feeling towards
Sam Oompers. I realize, of course, if
this resolution is followed out to its
logical conclusion that Sam Gompers
will proceed to call the rest of his delegates together and proceed to oblivion.
I am not interested in that, except insofar m it would affect the change we
desire to accomplish. The way I look
%pon the subjoct matter is this. What
will bo the viewpoint of our members,
and to some extent in looking over our
membership we know, that one or two
things will present themsolves to their
minds.
One of the chief things that will
stund in the way, no doubt, is that
eortain meal tickets undoubtedly would
bc cut off.
Now, it has boon said and it is true
that a grent many of-us aro grown to
look upon the offect of this from tlto
viewpoint of our particular organization. That is absolutely true and while
wo may attempt to take a broad view,
yet we must remember that tho chief
thing whieh interests tho men whom
we aro horo today representing is their
job. Their job means to them food,
clothing nnd shelter, and thnt being so,
the ilrst question the members are going
to ask themselves on this question is,
"what will bo the effect of the following out of the resolution to its logical
conclusion f" and in respect to my own
organization, I want to say it will be
ono in wliich thoy will bo very vitally
interested. The strength of the longshoremon 's organization lies in the fact
that the ship must move from port to
port. In British Columbia wo have a
membership which I think is pretty
progressive, and that will be one of
the questions whicli they arc going to
ask themselves, "what will be the effect of this upon tho membership to
the .south of usf" and while I have
not got very much respect for the A.
F. of L. and all it stands for, yet I
would be foolish to forget for a moment that thoy have a powerful organization, and hnve powerful machinery,
and that machinery would be liable to
be against us, and do not lot us lose
sight of this fact, that if we desiro
to so handle this thing, that it will impress all the workors in tho world, but
we propose to Btart close at hnnd by
spreading the gospel out into thc highways and byways of our own. province,
and Washington to tho south of us and
so on.
One of the questions I want to ask
the chairman of tho committee who is
going to closo the debate is this: Hns
the committee considered the question
of spreading the gospel amongst our
neighbor so to speak becnuse I am
of this opinion that the recent hnppen-
ings in tho City of Washington as set
forth in the strike over there, have not
been without its effects. Ton possibly
hnve got as many disgruntled men over
there at the prosent time ngainst the
international, as it is at present organized, ns you havo on this Bide, nnd I
think you hnve a pretty ripe field thoro
just now to get in and get busy and,
thereforo, T would ask the chairman of
the committoe to answer that question
if he oan. I would liko him to answer
it if they have considered it from that
particular standpoint.
And in conclusion I want to say this
that if you arc going to get anywhere,
on this it may be a ropetition
of what Delegato Naylor said, it is becauso every mother's son of you are
going to go out and go up and down
tho line and tnlk this thing to your
other fellows, not only talk this resolution but every othor resolution of a
similar chnrnrter. Tho bnd feature
whieh I have found in the trades' unionism is a tendency for you to sit
back and let Oeorge do it. Tou all
know that this is true of your own
locals. Bo long as George does it, it
is nil right, nnd then when something
comes along and it doesn't suit you,
you say, "what in tho hell i* tho mattor with George?"
Chairman Knvanngh: Mr. Chairman,
I would answer the question put forward by tlio chairman first. In the
committee it was understood that the
lino of demarcation on this continent
runs along tho Rocky Mountains' district, that is, the workers are separated
by a liae oi mountains and any movement in British Columbia must work
along the Pacific Coagjf.'jf it is to be
effective. That was understood in the
committee because the' question aa
raised had the words' ■*''Dominion of
Canada" and those wbrtfs were struck
out because of that pj&ftifeular fact being brought forward atMha time. Now,
Mr. Chairman, there hoa- boen a lot of
discussion about international officers
an so forth, which d-iacussion is not
really vital to the ma£tflr before us.
This must be understood * trade union
movoment functioned in the time when
trade union movement^ were affected,
and continuing to function down to
tho present time, butfc/Ve have been
through.four yeara aad * half of intensive production. We have been
through four years and a half of time,
when mon and womon have beon taken
from unskilled industries, and put bodily into tho different industries and become skilled workers in a very short
time. The changes havo boen so rapid
that one man today may claim -that he
is a mechanic in seven or eight different industries, he has changed about so
much, and we have come to this stago,
tho close of the war has found that
tho competition, which* was the causo
of it, has intensified today greator
than it was before, that already in tho
reconstruction progress they are considering tho building up of greater productive forces in order that they may
compete with other nations.
One of the proposals which they have
is that they must produce cheaper.
Now, insofar ae they are organized on
a more gigantic scale than they wore
before, and inasmuch aa the firms or
organizations which wore in existence
prior to. that time are no longor ablo
to cope with the situation as it is now,
the needs of the workers demand that
closer affiliation, a greater solidarity
should bo in existence than what was
here before. I say industrial unionism
of all organizations are no more than
thoir inner policy dicatos. This idea of
industrial organization is coming today
to a focus, and I imagine whoever gets
elected to the executive from this
convention, has sufficient intelligence
to know what plan can be formed for
such an orgnnization as* We suggest. It
is a system of growth, and has come
out of the conditions io which tho
working man has been subjected up to
tho present time. Workers are no'longer satisfied with acting as crafts because thoy feel it doos not i protect
their interests sufficiently. They must
have closer affiliation one' witb the
other. There must be greater consolidation, so that they can act quicker
und finish thoir strugglo quicker. We
have lcarucK one thing, if nothing elso,
and that is that a strike which goes
over two weeks is beaten, and that if
you want action you have to bring all
the pressure you can bring to boar to
force the employor to his knees in tho
shortest Bpace of time. Mark you well,
while. you aro stopping 'all thoir industries at once, and wlfife you starve
we alio put them in die' place whore
their source of profit isrlout off, and
that affects all of thcmj'&d mark you
this, if wo get aetion wtfluch a scale
that we eau close down the entire industries of a particular - point, they
starve too, don't you forget that, and
they feel their stnrvati-oh '-quicker than
we do becauso we are used to it and
they are not. The quo-atfibrf is that the
old organization does nW Serve the purposo now, a new form ia "needed. It iB
proposed to ask them't* break away
and come into, ft newJjjdustrial form
of organization, whercjuj^hey can got
closer affiliation oao Wfno other.' It
might, mark you remove ^a lot of tho
objections that some "people have to
the resolution if the first portion of it
was split. -That is to say if the portion were off, where we recommend to
our affiliated membership that thoy
sever their connection with their international organization, and suggest that
they form another industrial organization, but I want to point out to thoso
people that'we havo all our cards on
the table. I do not see any sense in
idoing anything which could possibly
camouflage the situation. They are asking us to take a certain, step. If it wero
divided, mark you, and thoy took steps
to form an industrinl organization, they
couldn't do*.so because their constitutions prevent them, and before ihey
could attempt to do so they would of
necessity have to throw over their constitution, nnd put it in thc discard, and
sever their connection whether they.
liked it or whether they did not, so
you may as well point out to thorn in
the first instance that to form aa industrial organization, it becomes necessnry to sever the international organization, it becomes necessary to sever the international affiliation. If ,ly.y
do not like it, they will turn it down
and if they do, .they will accept it.
With this given to them they can
judge intelligently for themselves Hie
position which is before them and voto
intelligently on the proposition put before them.
The Chairman: Are you ready for
tho question?
Members: Question.
The Chuirman: Tho question before
the house is the adoption of the committee's report in tho substituted resolution as submitted. Are you ready for
the question!
Members:   Question.
(The motion was put and carried
unanimously with applause.)
Delegate Itecs: My understanding of
the action which wo hnve tnki'ii is that
prior to organizing ourselves we sever
our connection with tho affiliation.
Delegate Knvanngh: No, the vote is
taken first, and then if they vote favorably it would be, my understanding
is this. The vote will bo taken unci
the vote returned of the membership
and then thc executive will act as the
vote says.
Delegate Rees: That wos not on thc
line with your arguments.
Delegate Kavanagh: Of course the
man that draws a thing understands
it botter thun tho man that roads it.
It is written as he thinks and as I understand it, it was just that a recommendation of tho plan for a proposed
formation he sent to tho organizations,
and they vote upon tho proposition and
thon they send the report of tho vote
back to thot executive, when it is finished, who will then compile tho rosult and this would be tho work of
DafTABOUL!
the incoming executive, unless some
further action be takon by this cen-
vention.
Del. Bees: I want the delegates to
understand and X want to understand
myself, the first part of this resolution.
There wore two parts to the resolution.
I whispered in Delegate Kavanagh'a
ear and he replied to me without me
asking from the floor about dividing
the resolution. The first part recommends rather the breaking away from
the international but as I see it now
the executive will be instructed that
they must not secede until a vote is
taken.
The Chairman; That will be clearly
pointed out that this is only a plan
for taking a vote.
Tho- Chairman:  The next resolution.
Mr. Kavanagh: The next ia resolution number S. The committee were not
in favor of the resolution as it was
submitted quite in its form and they
amended it as follows:
"Whereas, The interests of returned
soldiers and other workers are identical, and
Whereas, There is at present much
misunderstanding as to the aims and
ideals of soldiers and other workers,
and
Whereas, If they were to meet and
discuss each other's problems together,
both classes would get botter results.
Amend: That we favor the formation of joint committees from aoldiers'
organizations and central bodies and
federations of labor."
We did not see that thc motion as
first presented would suit and would
meet the conditions and wo thought
the amendment favoring tho formation
of joint committees from soldiers' organizations and central bodies and federations of labor, would suit the purpose and be more workable than the
resolution presented first. Thereforo, I
move the adoption of the resolution as
amended.
(Tho motion was seconded in a number of places.) *!
Tho Chairman: All in favor of the
recommendation by the committee?
(The motion was then put and carried unanimously.)
Delogate Kavanagh: Mr. Chairman,
I move that all the resolutions up until now be brought up at the western
conferonco to be held here, beginning
on Thursday.
Delegato Bradstock: Mr. Chairman,
I second that motion,
(The motion was put and carried unanimously.)
Chairman Kavanagh: Mr. Chairman,
the electrical workers of Vancouver
have presented a resolution hore and
havo asked for our endorsement. I
move that we endorse the proposed act
as submitted to this foderation. (The
motion was seconded).
(The motion was then put and carried unanimously.)
Delegate Kavanagh: Mr. Chairman,
there are a number of resolutions which
contain I non-contentious matter and
they, therefore, need no discussion so
I move that these be referred to the
incoming oxecutivo and they will act
accordingly to the wishes therein contained.
Delegate Trotter: I want to ask a
question in view of the passing of the
last resolution in support of the electrical workers, what position the -convontion now finds itself in. The electrical workers rise and suggest that a
courior be eent to John Oliver. Now,
we have decided that no more deputations should be.sent to tho government and now we have just decided,
Mr. Chairman, to send one. What position doea the eonvention now find itself in?
Tho Chairman: The position of these
resolutions and the position of tho executivo to them is just this: That in
tho evont of the rank and file of the
British Columbia Federation of Labor
refusing to endorse tho policy suggestod by this convention then the executive will take the action which haa
been tnken as the outcome of former
conventions. If, on the other hand, the
entire policy of the federation is changed then the executive will probably
use tbem to decorate their offices to remind them of tho times that used to
be.
Socretary Wells: Mr. Chairman, there
are a number of resolutions dealing
with the workingmen's compensation
act. Are they to bo dealt with in the
same manner?
The Chairman: No, we will finish
with the committee on resolutions before we ge any further. Is thore a
seconder to Delegate Kavanagh's motion.
(The motion was then seconded and
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put to the moeting and carried unanimously.)
The Chairman: Are thoie all your
resolutions?
Dolegato Kavanagh: Tea.
Dolegato Phillips: Ur. Chairman,
thero is ono resolution thoro asking the
support of thiB fedoration to the local
anion obtaining an inquiry into the
number three mine Goal Creek explosion. I think that would not eome under those general resolutions, that were
announced by the chairman of tho resolutions committee. Wo are simply asking that an act of justice be moted out
to John Munns, et al. Somebody ought
to bo placed behind, the. bars'for the
condition that existed in that mine prior to thc explosion of April 6th. I have
the report of' tho inspector of minos
hore, whero it states "the damnable
condition of the mine previous *to the
explosion." I think that resolution
ought not to have gone under the category that tha chairman of resolutions
has givon to the other resolutions.
Delegate Kavanagh:   Hr. Chairman,
I would just point out this. Tke resolution the delogate refers to is one that
asks tho governmont to Institute an inquiry into a certain happening becauso
of certain conditions connected therewith. I wish, Mr. Chairman, to point
out that we have bom advocating tkat
tho greatest good oould bo accomplished by the use of our industrial strength
to enforce anything whieh ve felt needed doing, and I might point out alao,
that if at tha timo of tkis accident
the miners of that dlstriot won not
satisflcd that justice had been dons' ia
the case, though justice is a much misused word, that justice had been dono
in the esse thon tha  greateat effect
could have been achieved by their refusing to roturn to work in that particular mine until some satisfaction had
boen gotten out of tha mine operators.
Delegate   Phillips:    Thoy  did,  but
thore is a greator-force at work than
oven our local anion. Wc have endeavored to tho very limit of our force's and
power to force this inquiiy.   Honest
John and Mr. Sloan havo repcatodiy
promised this inquiry, but the forces
wo havo to contend with down there,
that is tho Liberal executive down in
i'*rnie which is a machine of the coal
company, has up to dato*-successfully
foiled us.   Thoy bave denied us this
inquiry, and wo have como in hero to
ask the aid of this convention in helping us along, in forcing this inquiry
anyway, becauso John Munns Is calling for justico to bo done on those who
have murdered them. That is all then
is to it.
Delegate Roes:   I  agree  witk  ths
chairman of the resolutions committeo
that the resolution ahould bo handed
over to tho executive and in view of
that fact I want to offer a motion that
we wire tho governmont from this convention, ssking them to institute aa
inquiry into ths accidents at Fernie
and Nanaimo, and whilo it may not
havo any good result, it will fulfil what
Dol. Kavanagh speaks of as propaganda
and which I also consider vary necesssry. Mr. Chairman, if I am in orden,
I would like to put that motion beforo .
the convontion. It ean be put into proper wording afterwards.
The Chairman: After tho question
before the house hu been decided,
thero would not bo any particular oho
joction on tho part of the eonventioa
to tho course outlined. The question
before the house is the adoption of tko
report of the resolutions committeo.
All in favor of the motion. (Tko motion was put snd carried unanimously.)
DeL Bees: Mr.; Chairman, I would
now like to offer you a motion. That
our executive this evening "wiro tho
govornment of the Provlnee of British
Columbia, voicing tha demand of this
eonvention, that aa inquiry bo hold into
the explosion at No. S mine. Ooal'
Crook, and also the cage aoeidoat at
Nanaimo, with a view of having a most
rigid investigation ia connection witk
thoso aoeidonta.
Pel Naylor: Mr. Chairman, I would
aacond that motion.
Tho Chairman: I will aak tko sesro*
tary now to read the resolution as tt
standi.
Tho Secretary: "Movod by Mr. Boo*
and seconded by Mr. Naylor tkat oo*
executive this evening wire tho govern
ment voicing tho demand of this eo*
vention that aa inquiry bo held into
tho explosion at numbor throe mino,
Coal Creek and also tho cage sodden*
at Naniamo with a view of having a
most rigid investigation in connection
with thoso accidents and failing compliance with this demand tho oxecutivo
committee to circuitries tho atHiated
membership with a view to obtaining
the desirod inquiry."
(The motion was thoa put aad ean
ried unanimously.)
Delegate McDongall: I movo wo now:
adjourn to moot at ssvea thirty this
ovening.
Delegate Pritchard: I aecond the motion.
(The motion waa pat nnd carried and   '
the mooting adjourned accordingly.)
(Concluded noxt issue)
rORT WORTH, Tnx.—Colored na-
taurant employeea ara organising aad
are being assisted by local trad* union*
latt.
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Buy by Mail
Claman's
153 Hastings Street West
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
1
E. T. Kingsley
on the 0. B.  U.
(Continued from page 1)
by tho owno process by wliich it grow
up will the machine be demolished,
without great distress. "If tho revolution sweeps England and Franco by
tin same methods (as in Russia), thc
'suffering will be beyond measure; but
if the industries can be ono by one dissolved or rearranged to suit the new
order, then the suffering may
avoided."
VI stand/' declared the speaker,
amid applause, "for One big union—for
that specific purpose of conquering the
reinj of power." This, of course, by
peaceable means if possible; "and if
not, by Hftne other means." (Renewed J
applapte.)   He added pointedly, "It's!
always up to tho other fellow to say
how peaceably that shall bo. But," ho
insisted, that "what has taken generations to build up cannot bo suddenly
turned ovor to some other purpose,
without distressing results."
It was owing to ignorance that tho
workers wcro not represented at Washington and Ottawa. Such ignorance
was, apparently, generously shared by
tho public press, judging by something
tho speaker had been reading in the
Sun, by John P. McConnell—"one of
that type that will write anything on
Qod 's earth for (3 a column.'' (Laughter.) Though the speaker confessed to
having read this particular sample of
ignorance, he stoutly protested, "I
didn't buy it; I've got too much senso
for that." There was more laughter
when he again mentioned the $3 rate,
shook his head, and decided, "Too
much!" .
The idea of cutting across a corner,
Two Big Specials
in Men's Shoes
•  **""~ MEN'S PINE SHOES
tta tbis lot I am offering several  different lines.   They in.
elude medium and fine styles, black or tan uppers, leather or
. Neolin Mies; built on good stylish lasts, with recede or medium
round toes.  They are all Goodyear welted soles, leather heels
" and counters; are all reputable makes, and represent the beBt
in good shoemaking. All regular values to $9.50.     A/» Qp
Special price ft yO.SFO
, MENS WORKING BOOTS
This lot is indeed a"bargain at this low price;'black or tan uppers, jheavy double soles; solid leather heels and counters;
nude on an easy fitting last and they come in plain toe or toe-
cap ; the soles are standard screwed and sewn. ThiB is an exceptional bargain, and a boot that will give real *j a£
yatisfaction.   The reg. price is $6.50.   Special .«p4*af3
I )» .   Bring in Tour Repairs and Oet Real Satisfaction
Pierre Paris
BOOT aal SHOE MANUFACTURERS, 64 HASTINGS WEST
One Door West of Columbia Theatre
none Seymour 4716
Honest Value
in Men's Suits
■:  —offered on the "Pay-as-you-Wear" plan—
-*  ' |      practically your own time to pay for them
Our showing of Men's Suits is now on display—see it.
Tou 11 find it as representative a line as you can find in the city.
These suits come in a range of good serviceable materials-
are made up in thc latest styles—are well mado in every par.
ticular.
$25 to $50
' The prices at which wc offer these suits makos thom as good
■nit values as you can find in the city. Wc offer you, however, something additional in the form of liberal terms.
ife i    As low u |5.00 Cash Deposit and $2.50 Weekly
Cell and see thc suits and find cut about our Pay-as-you-
ITear methods,
B. C. OUTFITTING CO.
843 HASTINOS  STREW  WBST (Near Homer)
Soldiers—Sailors
Club Declaration
(Continued from page 1)
Roll up on Sunday afternoon to 61
Cordova Stroet West and seo for yourself who and what this organization
stands for.
Thc objects and declaration of principles arc ns follows:
Object
To obtain a clearer and better understanding of conditions as thoy confront us as ox-service men.
Declaration of Principles
We, tho members of the Soldiers'
nnd Sailors' Labor Club of British Columbia, hold:
That our interests aro in common
with thc workers at all times and opposed to the exploiter, sinco wo being
workers before we donned tho uniform,
must necessarily find our placo in
labor's ranks when we have doffed the
uniform.
That, as workers, so long ns the present system continues, we shall be compelled to enter the labor market, selling ourselves for wages iu order to
live.
That sinco the cessation of hostlli-
"by ono big union that the masters
know nothing about," had already been
tried. Thc I. W; W. was now in jail
or being chased in Ihe bush, through
following a line of action that the ruling class declares unlawful, "and which
in common senso ought to bo unlawful,
too; for it can land thom nowhere except when they are—behind the bars."
The United States was now adding a
standing army of over 600,000 to the
oilier tentacles of the ruling clnss,
which could only bc unhorsed by the
workers seizing the reins of power at
Washington. Thc only way was to go
out into the open for revolutionary political action in which all the workers,
skilled or unskilled, could unite. "By
no camouflage or sleight-of-hand performance is your class going to oust
thn ruling class from control of your
life.."
Economic organization—"to back up
our edict at tho polls," etc., was nil
"bosh." If all Labor was organized—
"evory man inside" — competition
would be exactly the same as if thero
were no union at all. The workers had
no- control over anything—not even
themselves. "A bunch of muleB might
as well do it;"' (Laughter.) All organization was under the power of tho
ruling class—undor the: guns of tho
state. No revolution in Europe had
been backed up by economic organization; tho. only economic organization
they had, followed the revolution. Lenine* allowed ten or fifteen years for
things to work out and sottlo down;
the* speaker looked meanwhile for continual turmoil—uprisings and repressions und uprisings again.
"I believe in mass action," declared
Kingsley, such as a general strike if
necessary—"with a purpose that can
appeal to all.". The Goodwin strike,
that caused such a squeal, was purely a
political strike—a protest against the
persecution of draft evadors, guilty of
political offences. In Europe, such offenders had already boon released.
"Not over here, though; we've got
Democracy hore—and it stays with
us," ho added.
Concluding, the speaker again referred to the fact that the essential sustenance of the United States was all
produced by about one-third of tho people. '' More than two-thirds of production today is ruling class production;
and when the'ruling class goes, it wilt
go with them''—whethor to a hot place
or a cool one! The one section of the
community that had means for economic organisation was the country, population, who could strike and eat all
the time. Yot the Calgary conference
had practically ignored thoir communication, whereas thoy should have reeolved the first consideration. The only
true aim of one big union was "the
mastery of the earth, and everything
on top of it or underneath."
Immediately after tho address, ft
member of tho audience said, "I'd like
the platform;" and waB backed by
crioB of "Platform! Platform!" from
various parts of the house. Chairman
Trottor. interposed: "I want to say
very clearly and very emphatically that
if any person in the audience will not
oboy the chair, Mb place is out on Hastings streot." Later, h« added, that it
would be better to allow tho meoting to
be run from the platform; there was
no reason for any one to got "hot under thc collar." They could have questions, but -no one would come on the
platform. ThiB course was accordingly
followed, and order waB maintained till
the close.
Spend your wages in a union store.
OPERATIONS
UNNECESSARY
Gallstones removed, Appendicitis corrected in 24
hours without pain. Mrs. 0.
Almas, 524 Fourth Ave.,
Saskatoon, sole manufacturer. Not sold by druggists.
SPRING STYLES
-IN-
FASHION-
CRAFT
CLOTHES
MODELS BETTER
THAN EVER
Price $25 and Up
according   to   quality.
Thos. Foster & Co.
LIMITED
514 GRANVILLE ST.
Special Showing of Sizes
Suitable for Ages 2 to 6
Tears at $2.35 Bach
rriuts, Percales, Ginghams and Chambrays
fashion these dresses in
the host of attractive
styles for which the Baby
Shop is so favorably well
lmown.
Neat Stripes, Checks,
Plaids and plain colors
are offered and the display includes Bloomer
Dresses in addition to
those of the one-piece order; The collection is now
replete and affords splendid opportunity for satisfactory selection.
A Special Showing today
at $2.35 each.
Baby Shop Entrance
OranviUe and Dunsmuir
ayOflwy*' f umiteo
S75 Grantflt Phone Sty. 3540
ties, vast war manufactories have
closed down, i throwing many men and
women -out of work, which problem,
great enoughtin itself, will bc accentuated and intensified by the demobilization of our comrades.
That during, the wholo of the war
period, whilo many of us were engnged
in fighting, tho reBt of the workers not
only produced enough to maintain us
in munitions, equipment, food, etc.,
kept themselves and their dependents,
but maintained in idleness and luxury
a master class, and produced many new
millionaires and profiteers.
That, therefore, tko greatest and
most immediate problem confronting
both the worker and ex-service man is
the refitting into industry of the thousands of men returning from overseas.
That as a temporary solution to this
immediate problem, we favor the establishment of a six-hour working day,
and a five-day week.
That we recognize that no solution
ean be found to our present social ills,
and economic distress, until the present systom for profit has been replaced
by a system for use.
That we eo-operate with organized
labor in a campaign of education to
this ond,
.We stand for full and sufficient remuneration for the maimed, widows,
orphans and other dependents, and aro
resolved to do all in our power in the
furtherance of same.
Look for the clerk's button.
Buy your new suit at a union store.
TWENTY- FIVE TEAM AOO
▼umbt-m. TradM and Lsbor
Oonneil
April 6, 1894
Tho Nationalists, a new local Labor
Party, holding well-attended meetings,
report a largo and growing membership.
All public utilities must be nationalized.
Delegates instructed to bring matter
of Labor Day celebration to notice of
unions so that date of holding same
may be fixed.
Rents are low and plenty of vacant
houses.
Mr. Union Man, do you buy at ft
inion store*
Buy only from a union store.
URGE WOMEN TO UNITE.
SEATTLE—Wamen organizers of
the state federation ot labor and the
local central labor council have issued
an appeal to working women to join
the trade union movement.
"Do you know/that there Is a place
for every one of you in some union?"
Is asked. "If you want to help, call
on us and we ywill be glad to show
you how."
Buy your hats at a union store.
UNORGANIZED STRIKE.
NASHVILLB, Tenn.— Unorganized
employees of the Nashville Bridge
company suspended work when they
were told that a wage increase promised by a foreman wouM not be
granted. Tho company iB doing government work, and wage rates range
from 25 to 55 cents an hour,
Buy ut a union store.
LABOR LAW ATTACKED.
SACRAMENTO—Private Insurance
companies are backing a hill which
would take the management of the
state compensation Insurance fund
from tho state Industrial accident commission and place it in the hands of
other state offlc(als. Every opponent
of stato control of workmen's compen-
usilan   favnrii   this   mOV-8.
Kavanagh   Deals
With World Events
(Contnued from page 1)
now returning or returned) by making
an appeal to their passions.
When these men were worked up,
men whoso nerves have been impaired
in the stress of war, they would naturally and easily lean towards a use. of
those weapons they have been recently
accustomed to.
Continuing, he said that, since the
last time he spoke, developments in
Europe have progressed somewhat.
Hungary has gone Bolshovik. We do
not know exactly just how far it has
gone, but all the tendencies seem to indicate to that it has gone in for the
Communist proposition similar to Russia. Count Korokyl told the people he
eould not handle tho situation, and asked them to take things over themselves.
Hungary has gone, and immediately
Hungary declares war on the Allies. It
is a repetition of the Russian situation
in that reBpect. Tho Allies wont into
Hungary to attempt to suppress the
efforts of tho revolutionary proletariat,
and now after doing what was tantamount to declaring war, they tell us in
the press that Hungary has started war
against the Allies.
Theso movements do not arise from
tho deliberate attempts to put into effect the ideas of any man's mind. Conditions are the cause, and conditions
arise out of tho basis of capitalistic
society, whioh is "proporty." Property in the |pnse of tho means of production being owned by a amall class in
society and, another class having to
have access to this machine in order to
livo, which brings antagonism between
tho two classes.
Referring to tho recent troublo in
Egypt, tho speaker said tho press blamed this also on Bolshevism, although
there was nothing in those events of
the nature of a working clnss uprising.
AH this is dono with the object of
working up a fooling ngainst Bolshevism, in order to try mid get an army
to go against the Bolsheviki.
In spito of tho fact thnt tho British
Government has offered £50 bonuri to
volunteers ,and an inerease in pay for
all who join, Btill they cannot got mon,
for the regular army.   They have beon
STOP, LOOK AMD LISTEN
Tho sweetest play thnt hns been written
■ince "Fed '» My Heart," is a "Stitch in
Time," which will be presented at the Em*
press next week, with Ewytho Elliott as thit
quaint little slavey girl. This wonderful
character is brim full of sweet tenderness
and quaint humor, that will show Miss Elliott at ber vory best. "A Stitch in Time"
made the biggest hit at the Pulton theatre in
New York during thc entire theatrical season
aud h now being played by every first-class
Btock company throughout the land. The
Empress management look forward to* seeing
H mako tho biggest hit of alt the plays we
have produced, and are sparing no expense
in its production. ***
EMPRESS THEATRE
WEEK OF APRIL 7th
"A STITCH
IN TIME"
*_■■      DON'T MISS IT
Price..   16c, 36c and 60c
PANTAGES
ft ta, wuk
&XLLE. BIAMOA
IU THEEE NAESSES
Oth.r Biff FMtum
Union Shoes
OT
■ MEN'S SUITS—"—
Stylish      aad      up-to-date,
priced from   $32.60
OVEBOOATS
Tor Spring wear from ISO
up.
Dress Up For
Easter
We'll Supply You With the
Smartest and Most Stylish Apparel on Our Liberal Credit Plan
LADIES   AMD   GENTLEMEN!
We "invite you to view our new
garments for Spring and Summer
wear.
LADIES' SKIBTS
In all the iMdlnff
stylet and materials,
priced from 18.10 np
LADIES- 00AIS
A choico selection la
the  moit  up-to-date
atylce,   priced   from
WM up.
LADIES' SUITS
In a variety of new
styles and materials;
priced from ISO up.
LADIES'   DEESSBS
l'rctty and charming
atyles for aU occasions, 'priced from
•20.00 up.
Dress Well on E«sy Tenuis at tho
New York Outfitting Co. Ltd.
Bey, 1391
148 Hastings Bt West
Opposite Province Offico
compelled to keep in the army tton who
woro not yet demobilized, and increase
their pay equal to what they would got
in civil life.
The claas war docs not exist bcaynse
wo say so; It exists because ono class
in society owns aud controls the means
•f production, and tho other class must;
•ell their labor power in order to live, j
Our function is not to rouse the pn*■ I
sion of tho workers, but to point outj
conditions as thoy are, and how the
workers'have arrived at the position
they occupy at tho present timo.
Nothing Succeeds
Like Success
W
E have been successful in securing a Oreat Bife Job of
Union Overalls at Very Low Prices.
In this big bunch you will find thc well-known Great West,
Carhartt and Twin Bute—all Union Made.
Prices exceedingly low—for $1.76, $3.00 and $2.45 you will
get the same Overall that other stores sfell for $2.25, $2.50 and
$3.00.
Call and prove for yourself that this is true.
Wc also have a line of $6.00 and $6.50 Pants at $4.95;
Work Shirts, 85c and $1.60. The latter ones are regular
$2.00 and $2.25 garments.
.   Don't fail to get in on this successful buy.
The Jonah-Prat Co^
401 HASTINOS STREET WEST
Union Clerks
Union Store
The right boot
for you
—you'll find it at Dick's—a boot that's right as to quality
—as to build—as to fit—as to price.
We back up our belief in our boots by selling with our guarantee—"Your
Money's Worth or Your Money Back" behind every pair.
We have what you want—no matter what your demand—boots for work
—boots for dress wear—high tops for the our-of-door man—every pair
turned out at factories with a reputation—and offered at a price which
means real boot value.   __ •-
McPherson Union Made Boot—$7.50
A boot that will give you perfect satisfaction—in black or brown
calf—plain or Blucher cut—recede or high toe—Neolin or leather
sole—a shoe that can't be approached elsewhere at
DICK'S
PRICE
$7.50
BOYS' BOOTS-WONDERS FOR WEAR
A boy's boot of the highest grade—extra quality leather—strong
and durable—good stout soles—an extra comfortable shoe-
looks well—will wear well.
?SS $350 to $5.00
10% OIF to Returned Soldiers
33-4547-49 Hastings St. East

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