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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 29, 1920

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$2.50 PER YEAR
Still Selling "Bolshevik" Literature and Getting "Information"—Is One of thc "Comrades" for
•   the Powers That He Serves—Assumes Next Alias   -
THERE! is an old saying to the effect, "that you cannot
keep a good man down. This saying would appear te apply to informers, secret service men and stool pigeons. It
will be remembered that at the Winnipeg trials, one Corporal*
Zaneth of the R. C. M. Police, stated that he lied when occasion
demanded. It will also be remembered that two secret service
i men of the mounted police were arrested here on a charge of
. perjury in connection with the deportation procedings of local
Russians. Naturally the members of the working class have
, wondered where these three men are now operating. Roth and
Dourasoff are known to be on the prairie, but Zaneth has been
lost sight of until a correspondent in the East gave The Federationist thc information that would indicate that Montreal
is now his stamping ground. Of course he is operating on
similar lines to those adopted in the Crow's Nest Pass, and the
following letter will be extreemly interesting to all members
of the working class in this country. Will the Premier in his
apeech tonight give any justification for the activities of men
of this type I is a question that, might well be asked.
I waa walking along a street ln
Montreal When I dropped across a
bookstore with a small window displaying among other books and
paper's and publications, which ls
■ometimes dubbed "Radical Literature."
I stopped, and like a kiddie with
Here He Ita
his nickel, didn't know whether'to
so Inside or not Walking away a
few blocks, I retraced my steps,
and thought I would purchase
copy of the Nation as an excuse
tor overlooking tho stock on hand.
t stepped Inside, when to my sur
New Home Is Scene of
Many and Various
(By P. I,, p. Correspondent)
dome time ago the active members of tho P. L. P. discovered that
enrolling members and Sunday
meetings would not build an educational or political machine flt for
work, A few of them put thoir
beads and dollars together and the
result la now a cosy and well located hall and offices.
The hall ls already on a paying
basis and even giving a surplus. On
Sunday there ls the school where
tbe boya and girls are taught economle truths and the outlines of
'socialist philosophy. At 8, the
Open Forum, and at 8, the P. L. P.
propaganda. This week there will
be ho leaa than six meetings which
ire held ln the larger hall alone,
Buy paying expenses Is a means,,
not the end,   The educational and'
social features are the chief objects
1 of this home for the party.
The executive and social committoe believo that a good time ls
what la needed to attract the right
elements and so they propose holding a aoclal and "get together"
celebration about every Saturday
evening, where the musical and
literary talents of old and young
ean be displayed and developed.
They even have promising
dreams of a real moving picture
machine for the not distant future,
which can be a source of revenue
for the party and pleasure for the
boya and girls of all ages.
Big Time Saturday Evening
On Saturday evening, Oct. SO, at
I o'clook, tho Drat real get-together
loclal will be held and a good
musical programme is being arranged. Short talks, refreshments,
cards, and a dance to end with will
be the feature of the evening.
So far a few have carlred the
.load and honors of this venture.
Now these few want the other
members and friends to come and
lhare and see Just what thoy havo,
and what they can do. If any
•/ant to help back the proposition
tnd do their bit they now have the
ohahce. Admission free. The
oommlttee, however, would ask all
women members or friends who
oan' to bring something good to
Iat, so that there will bc plenty
lor all.
Wbat about renewing your sub.)
prise, I ran right Into P. W. Zaneth. the man who.waB proven a
liar and received the court's commendation for being one at Winnipeg. It will be recalled that at
Calgary, where he operated ohielly,
he was the recognized sales agent
for all the Socialist, Bolshevik, and
Communistic literature. I walked
over to the lady in charge of the
store and picked up a copy of the
Nation, and paid for' it.
• The lady drew my attention to
other works laying around, when
she was disturbed by p, w. Zaneth,
"Harry Blask," with tho ahout, "I'll
see you tomorrow, Mrs.  , to
which she replied alright. I then
engaged the lady ln conversation,
flrst asking did she know the gentleman who had Just left. With a
very Interested look she ventured
to reply, "Yes." However, I was
unable to put on any cheap drama
stbft with what I considered an
honest woman, I therefore stated:
"Tou don't know me from Adam,
but let me tell you he ls a spotter.
He masqueraded under the name
of (and I couldn't think of Zaneth
for long enough) ln the west. She
told me then that I was the third
to tell her of him. Her first Informant being an.ex-spotter, fired for
some reason, possibly having a conscience.
Laplante Now.
Through conversation, I then
learned he was now under the
namo of Laplante. I didn't think
of asking the-Chrlstlan alios. He
was there on the Sunday afternoon
as per usual custom for some weeks
past to carry the books and papers
down to the open air' meetings held
by the French Communists of Mon
treal. The book-seller had her
young girl doing this work, and
our suave and genial or smooth
and slimy "Harry" was assisting
ln the sale of literature. Among
other things he had been trying to
get the lady bookseller' (by the way
a lady old enough to be his mother, and a widow) to give him lessons in the Frenoh language. He
was very anxious to learn French;
in fact, was most anxious to learn
anything, and had the happy fac
ulty of asking numerous slmpji
questions for enlightenment. The
bookstore was one of his regular
calling places, thereby gaining tab
I expect on regular customer's, and
the kind of wares they purchased,
Among other things he pretended
to the Indy that he was tired of
collecting Insurance and was starting at something else, so owing to
the bookseller's knowledge of his
honesty and Integrity as a literature agent, for about three months
turning In every cent, etc., would
sho be good enough to write him
recommendation? Poor chap, he
received the recommendation. I
don't know why he didn't seek one
further west for Instance, Andrews
or any of the committee of 1000
would no doubt gladly r'ecommend
"Harry" for any position of trust
or confidence trick.
Evidently the government ls still
carrying on espionage in the working class movement. Adopting the
methods of the German and Czarist
(Continued on page I)
Over Nine Hundred Now
-Represented on Central
Labor Council
Many atorlea bave been apread
through the medium of the capitalist preu, and tho varloua organs
of A. F. of L. Labor papera .In
Canada, that the Street Railway-
men of Winnipeg, after breaking
away from tbe International Union,
have aince gone back Into the old
union. Thla statement Is absolutely untrue, and. can bo verified
through the Central Labor Council (O. B. U.) ot Winnipeg, The
Streot Rallwaymen's Unit of the
O. B. U. ot Winnipeg haa over 000
members, practically all of whom
have their dues paid up tor the
current month. They have nine
delegatea on tho Central Labor
Council (one for every hundred),
and ln spite of all theae false statements, even the tew who tried to
keep the International going are
slowly dropping Into tho O. B.
U., and It ia a question whether
enough can be held together to
retain the charter.
Whoro la your onion button?
Peace Treaty Makes This
Provision—Ratified by
All-Russian Soviet
London—Ratification of the preliminary peace treaty between Poland and Bolshevik Russia waa
voted by the Ail-Russian Soviet on
Monday, according to a wireless
message from Moscow.
George Tchltcherin, Bolshevik
foreign minister, explained the
pact, and declared Poland had refused assistance to Oeneral Bar'on
Wrangel, head of the anti-Bolsheviki government of South Russia.
He also asserted Poland hud agreed
not to lend aid to forces of reaction In Russia, The Nation says
that the Polish peace was undoubtedly a blow to thc busy imperialists
—French and Russiun and Polish
■gathered at Paris. It gave Poland a better line than she is likely
to be able to hold, but the Bolsheviki are still the mastera of Russia,
and the Czar's debts are still bad
Mining .District .No. .1
Makes Bosses Sit Up
-  and Take Notice
Tha workers of Mining District
No, 1 (British Columbia Alberta
coal mines) have finished their
flrst skirmish with the mine operators and the government, The
two weeks holiday was just a re-
minder of what is to come unless
the U. M. W, of A. check-off ls removed. The men Intend to take
these holidays every now and
again, until their demands ar'e met
The strike was not an O. B. U.
strike, although lt was dubbed
such. All the miners who took
the vacation were members of the
U. M. W. of A. protesting aganlst
the check-off, The miners are
satisfied at the result. Thirteen injunctions were served, and ln the
statement made by these operators
they admit that the mines ar'e "utterly valueless" without wage workers. The affidavit alleges that:
"Serious and irreparable Injury has
been done to the plaintiffs and
their property by loss of the plaintiffs' markets, etc." Further the
operators under oath declared that
the strike rendered lt "difficult and
Impossible for the plaintiffs to obtain a supply of workmen, without
whose assistance the property of
the plaintiffs will become utterly
valueless for the purpose of thslr
Many  Siberian  Peasant*  Hamaa
tbe Troops of Wrangle aad
(Russian Radiogram to the Feder*.
ated Press and London Herald.)
Moscow.—How . unpopular   tbo
regime of Baron Oeneral Wrangel
ia with the masses of Russia la to
be aeen In the   peasant   uprisings
which  are   beginning  ln   Siberia.
Semenoff, a-local loader, announced
hla adherence to the Wrangel faction and the peasants lost no time
ln expressing their dlsaatslfaotlon.
No Truth to Any News
About Russia by the
Daily Press
(London Herald Cable, By W. N,
London—Tbe Moscow correspondent of tho Herald refute* all tbo
wild atorles of anti-Soviet uprisings with which the capitalist press
ot Europe, Canada, and tbe United
States ls filled.
. Stories of Budenny's 'treachery
are utterly false. The Red army,
reports victories over Wrangel at
Fargo, N. D.—Organised labor la
pushing Its campaign tor establish'
ment of a municipal fuel yard and
the Issuance of bonds for 160,000
witb which to finance the project.
Connor Attacks Supposed
Problems of Liquor ;
' To those workers who aro under
the delusion that tho liquor problem ls of auch peat moment to
them, the vigorous address of T.
O'Connor on Sunday last at the
Kmpress theatre should havo Jolted
them out of tbat foolish fancy.
Those matters tbat should rtcelvo
'their, immediate attention were
presented ln a popular and easily
understood manner? Education
along tbe lines of their clasa Interests waa of more Importance
these days than appeals to sensationalism.
. J; Kavanagh will be the apeaker
at.tWEmpress theatre on Sunday
ovening next.
Prltchard and Ivons 111
Word has been received fr'om
Winnipeg that Comrados Prltchard
and Ivens are ill, Prltchard Is suffering from rheumatism, and Inns
from a rupture, "Both bave- been
removed to Winnipeg for1 treatment.
Prague. — At a goneral conven?
tlon of tho Oerman and Magyar
trade unions of Slovakia just hold
In Pressburg tt was unanimously
decided to empower the present administration to prepare for'the Incorporation of these unions into
the Social Democratic Unton League of Prague. The organization
Involved embrace 40,000 members,
ot whom 23,000 are farm workers.
8. P. of O. fo Enter Contest
At the regular meeting of the
Socialist Party of Canada, held on
Tueaday night, It was decided to
enter In the Provincial election
campaign by placing candidates In
the Held. No nominations wero,
however, made, lt. being decided to
call a special meeting of the local
for Tuesday next, Nov. I, whon
nominations will be made. All
membors of the party are urgod to
attend this meeting.
Hand tha Fed. to your shopmato
when vou are through with It.
Wliero ls your Union button?
District Secretary of U.
M. W. A. Has Officers
On His Track
Dominion ollicers are reported to
be ln Cape Breton for the purposo
ot getting evidence against J, B,
McLachlan, district secrotary of tho
U. M. W., op the chargo, it Is understood, of using sedllloui language at meetinga In Cape Drolon
and Colchester. Utterances which
he mode during the reoent olctlon
campaign in Colchester are to be
used as evidence, It Is staled.—
Olace Bay Oasette.
The above Item will be read with
Interest by Jim McLachlan's many
friends In this district. At the last
U. M. W. convontion In Nova 8cotla
Jim used International Organizer
John Houston without gloves when
the latter attempted to cram a pack
of falsehoods down the throats of
Nova Scotia minors In regard to
District 18. For his action Jim
9 threatened with expulsion
from the U. M. W. He smiled at
the threat with the samo smile that
ho has carried since he loft Ills
home In Ecclefecftan, Scotland. Jim
was not expelled, but a movoment
is now on foot to have him unsealed from the secretaryship of District 26.
Jim also got tn bad with tho powers that be whon he advocatod a
general tie up on Moy Day as a
protest against tho Imprisonment
of.the men at Wlnnipog. It was
the moat complete strike over
known In tho eost. Further thnn
that Jim has, on several occasions,
tersely expresBod his opinion of
Gideon Robertson's administration
of the Department of Labor, a
grave act of leso- majestc.—Tllti
British Government Still Considers
Itself at War Wltb Many
Small Nation*
London—Asked ln the Houao of
Commons for an official date of
the end of the war, Hon. Bonar
Law,   government   leader, said It'
would as nearly aa possible correspond with the signing of the Turk-
lab and Bulgarian treaties, by Oreat
Britain, which are the only ones
outstanding.   It was   stated   that
there are at present 100,000 troops
In Mesopotamia,
Put a one-cent stamp on tbls
paper and mall It to a friend.
e. C. ELEC
Charted tn London With Attempting to Cauae Sedition in
tho British Navy.
London—Sylvia Pankhurst. who
was arrested on October 19. charged With attempting to cause sedition In the navy by editing and publishing an issue of the newspaper,
tbe Workers' Dreadnought, on October It, has been sentenced to six
n|on|hs' Imprisonment on conviction of tbe offense.
.Patronize Fed Advertiser*.
. Sydney, N. S. W.—The Federated
Seamen's Union of Australia has
taken a ballot on the question of
joining the One Big Union. The
ballot showed that the seamen
Were cot ln favor of the One Big
Union scheme, but a majority of
them voted'to join the Transport
Workers' Federation—which ls
big union of waterside workert, led
by militant leaders.
Carpenters Are Wanted
to Help Lay Floor
The regular meeting of the General Workers O. B. U. was held on
Wednesday night. Six new members wen admitted, and the amendments to the constitution recommended by the recent convention
were dlscusesd. The sscretary was
Instructed to forward copies of the
proposed amendments to all members by mall, so tbat every member would be able to vote on th'em.
A committee was appointed to
count the ballot asnd compile the
Results. The secretary announced
that the lumber for the new floor
would be on hand on Thursday
morning, and that he would be
pleased If all carpenters who cared
to give a hand In the laying of It,
would turn up on Saturday afternoon, Ho also stated that the Women's Auxiliary would provide the
refreshments tot those who assisted. A committee was'appointed to
join with the millworkers in arranging'for social evenings during
the winter months.
& Aberdeen, Wash. — Three workers ;,Were killed In Orays Harbor
county logging camps within 48
hours. They are Sam Salmonson,
Frank Brundqulst and Melville
Handing, All three died from the
effects of being struck by logging
Moscow Workers to Have Holiday
. to Attend Funeral of
(Russian Radiogram to the Federated Press and London Herald.)
Moscow—The body of John
Reed lies all this week ln the State
Labor Temple of Moscow with
guard of honor of fourteen soldiers
ot the Red Army. October 24, It
Wtll be burled ln the most hallowed
spot ln all Russia, by the north
wall ot the Kremlin, with a great
funeral demonstration. The Soviet
Government has arranged a funeral holiday so that all the work
ers of Moscow may attend.
Variety of Candidates are
Likely to Be in the
Nomination of candidates for
various provincial constltuenoes of
HrltlHh Columbia will be held dur
Ing the ooming week. Llborals,
Conservative, Independents, Farmers, Veternn, Lnbor and Socialist
candidates will bo In the field,
Thero are several rumors going
around to the effect that ln quite
a numbor of conatltuencci thero
will be a Farmer* La bor-Veteran
alliance but thero Is no definite
word on this. The Federated Labor party nro oipectod to hnve can*
dldntes In the fiold In Vancouver,
North Vnncouver, South Vanoou-
vor, Dowdney, Nanalmo, Newcastle,
Richmond, Cotrtox, Allln, Prince
George, Slmalkamnon. Kaslo, Slocan, Fernle, Cranbrook and Knm-
looks, Tbo Socialist party of Canada will have cnndldatcs In the
field In Vsncouver and possibly one
or two other rldlngH, Veteran organizations are looking to an al-
linnco with labor nnd fr.rmor candidates, but this arrungement may
not materialize tn all Instances,
hence thero Is every possibility of
plonty of con ton taut* In vnrious
constltuenoes. The Federated Labor party Is plnnnlng nn extensive
and whirlwind campaign, having
quito a number of nvnllabte speakers and candidates.
I J.
WiH Speak on "The Value
of Political Action"
on Sunday
Noxt Sunday evening Dr. W. J.
Curry will be the speaker at the
Federated Labor Party meeting in
the F. L, P. hall, 148 Cordova
Btreet west. • His subject ls "The
Valuo of Political Action." This la
ft' live topic at the present time,
particularly with the Provincial
elec lion b In sight and Federal elections Imminent. Comrade O. L.
Charlton will occupy the chair.
Meeting commences at 8 p.m. A
largo stock of literature will be on
The nominating convention of
Vancouver and district branch of
thn Federated Labor Party will bo
held at party headquarters, at the
aboVe address, on Monday, Nov. 1,
at 8 p.m. All members and supporters of the party are ocquestod
to attend the convention, Vnncouver and district branch now In-
chide* North Vancouver, South
Vtneonver, Richmond and Van
A get-together social, concert
and dnnee will be held In the F.
I* P. hnll on Saturday, Oct. 80, at
8 p.m. A good programme Is being arranged, and the dance will
bo on from 10 to 12 p.m. There
will also be a whist drlvo at the
■ame timo,
Pettipiece Had Good Audience and Deliveerd
Timely Lecture
(By F. L. P. Correspondent)
The Forum meetings held Sunday at 3 o'clock in the F. L. P. hall
ait developing larger audiences
and more Interest each time. It Is
one place whero people can talk
back and ask questions.
Last Sunday Parm delivered one
of his characteristic talks on the
Issues of the coming provincial
election and the possibilities of
Labor if the workers but hold together and were not sidetracked by
red herring artists, as they usually
There were evidences on all sides
plain enough for any but capitalists
and their well-paid stool pigeons to
show that the present economic
system was neafing its end and
that the great chance of the working class ln B. C. had come.
The speaker referred to the fact
that practically all the natural resources were owned by the gamblers of Wall Street and the plutocracy of America and that as far
as Canada was concerned it was already annexed to the "land of the
free," and "our government" did
their work well for those corporations.
There was enough flsh In the
waters, enough land, timber, mln
eral, scenery and rain for all the
people of Canada, but It was own
ed by these speculators, and the
common people might starve to
death by thousands and none of
(hese resources would be developed
unless they could be exploited at a
proflt to the owners. Not human
life and happiness, but "profits" In
the basic object of modern production, said Mr. Pettipiece.
He showed there was but one
remedy for this. First knowledge
ot social economic facts, nnd then
the union of the workers, on the
industrial and political field, In order to capture the reins of power
(Continued on page 8)
Two Shilling Increase Granted Miners—Owners Aw
Forced to Meet Government Requirements-
Men Will Vote on Question of Settlement   "
—Press Was Anti-Miner
THE STRIKE of British minen is now up to the men toi
settlement. The demands of the miners for an increase
of two shillings per shift has been agreed to by the gov*
ernment with the understanding that there must be a guarantee
to speed np production. These conditions have been accepted
by the miners executive and will be submitted to a nation-wide
referendum of the men for their approval. There is every reason to believe that the conditions will be accepted by the men,
inasmuch as the low output previous to the strike was caused
by the working of poor seams and the withholding of capital
for development by the owners. If these conditions are remedied by the owners, the output can be increased.
The original demands of the men were for the two shilling
increase and for a decrease in the price of coal to the consumer.
The latter demand was abandoned previous to the strike.
Hence the recent strike was for the wage increase alone.
The daily preu Informs the publlo that the result ls a victory for'
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY-Sundny Evening Meeting.
TUESDAY-Laundry Workers,
WEDNKSDAY-Open Forum Dcbnti'.
THURSDAY-Plastorers' Helpers.
A* F. of L. Sheet Bemoans
Fate of Alberta
The Transportation Workers'
Unit of Bdmonton ls still muking
steady progress ln spite of the ef--
forts made by the International to
impede It. Organizer DavlB of
Winnipeg was there recently, and
addressed meetings and distributed
literature in the G. T. P. shops, the
B. D. & B. C. shops and thc C. N.
It. shops. The delegates to the re
cent Winnipeg convention of District No. 4, were given an opportunity to refute statements made
by Davis in connection with that
convention, and the tactics of International officers and organizers.
The challenge was not' accepted.
Comrade Bray of Winnipeg, was
also In attendance at some of these
meetings, and the work done in
the Province of Alberta by these
two men is getting on the nerves
of the A. F. of L. officials. In fact
the Alberta Labor News, official
Journal of the craft unions, Infers
that because the switchmen In the
Drumholler valley are lining up
with the O. B. U. that the coal miners in that district are preparing
for another strike. Unsatisfactory
working conditions bring about
strikes; solidarity ln the ranks of
Labor helps to do away with strikes
or shortens their duration, henee
tho O. B. U. becomes thc most effective organizntion for the workers.
the government. This may be ao,
but the victory li not over the miners, but over the mine owners. The
demands for the men were Just for
what the government hu agreed
to enforce, The demand by the
government on the owners waa for
the operation of the mines by such
methods as would increase production, namely, working good Beams
and equipping the mines with machinery that would make lt possible
for the miners to Increase the output. If the mine owners had not
accepted these conditions there was
only one other alternative left to
the government — nationalization.
This the miners want, hut big business dare not let this materialize.
The question of nationalization,
however, will be taken up by the
Labor party In parliament, and If
not agreed to there, will be made
an Issue In the next elections. This
should obtain a popular vote Inasmuch as It can be proven that the
surplus In the Industsy will amount
to at least 66,000,000 pounds sterling this year.
Wanted to Compromise.
The strike has been conducted
In a very orderly manner. Of
course it was of such short duration
that the police and plug-uglies had
not.got down to the business of
stirring up trouble. In some places
the population Invaded the fields
and took coal for their own consumption. The dally press was bitterly antl-mlner, but thete was an
absence of the Insolent tone that
prevailed last year during the railwaymans strike. The major thought
was to find a compromise to end
the strike because the miners were
determined on the issue of their
demands. The decision of the
railwaymen was a knockout blow
to the government and the entry
of these men Into the scrap would
only have tended to strengthen the
hands of the miners. There was
absolutely no chance of a compromise with   the miners,    the    new
New Locals for F. L. P.
The proximity of thc Provincial
elections is having an invigorating
effect on all branches of the Federated Labor Party. This week a
new local was formed at Naramata,
with the assistance of Comrade J.
W. S. Logie. The following were
elected president and secretary-
treasurer respectively: H. P. Salting and D. I. Walters. A few weeks
ago a new local was formed at
Kamloops, with Comrade, C. F,
Orchard as secretary. Kamloops
local Is holding regular meetings.
Other locals are reorganizing
throughout the Province,
wage scale had to be met, and although the plan for Increased pro*
duetion was considered a dangerous precedent, It could be accomplished at very little Ill-effects to tho
miners, If the owners wonld meet
the necessary requirements.
The miners, naturally distrustful
of the government, were more so
on account of its refusal to accept
the Sankey scheme.   They had an
Bob Smilllie.
excellent case for the increase In
wages and v^ted overwhelmingly
for the strike. What the result of
the referendum will be can only ba
surmised, but the situation at present appears to be the first big step
forward in the march of labor' in
Oreat Britain.
No Danoe by Junior League
The dance that was to be held
by the Junior' Labor League on
Friday, Nov. 5, has had to be postponed to a later date. It is probable that the dance will be held
early next month. The exact dute
ts not yet arrange^ for.
Among the thousands of unemployed In the city of Toronto nre
at least 5000 r'eturned soldiers. But
of course many of them will "carry
on" in the next capitalist war.
Where Is your Union button?
Building contractors of Hamilton, Ont, arc importing building
mechanics, while nt the same time
many tradesmen of that city are
unemployed. Looks like a wage reduction stunt
British   Building   Trade
Unions Successfully Bid
Against Bosses
The Building Guilds, composed
of members of Building Trade
Unions of Great Britain, have been
successful in their bid for tho
building of houses in vurlous parts
of the country. Contracts amounting to over eighteen million dollara
have been secured by the guilds,
and the men are now busy at work.
The nmount secured for tlie building of these houses will provide
enough revenue ,not only for the
payment of tho union scale, but
also for continuous pay for tho
men during sickness, bad weather
nnd holidays. Thus wo see the
workers of Great Britain eliminating the contractor and the middlemen by getting together in one big
enterprise to carry on industry, minus that hitherto thought-to-be in-
dlspensiblc profiteering businessman. The material for tho building of theso houses iu being supplied by the Co-operative Wholesale Society,
American   Writer   Dies
from Typhus in City
of Petrograd      ***
(By the Federated Press.)
John Reed, whose death ln Petrograd from typhus, was announced In a Federated Press cable on
October 17, was one of the most
brilliant of the younger American
revolutionists. His stories of ttie
Russian revolution were the, most ,
vivid und authentic that reached
this country.
Reed was born in Portland, Ore,,
October 22, 1887, and was graduated from Harvard college in 1910.
He Immedately began his career as
a writer'and newspaper man, working on the New York World and
Tribune among others.
Reed's first descriptions of revolution were written from Mexico in
the chaotic days whieh preceded
the Carranza regime.
In the fall of 1917 Reed was In
Russia as eorrespondtnt for The
Liberator and it was at this period
thnt he wrote a Berles of brilliant
interpretations of the events fro'ni
the overthrow of ' the Kerensky
regime to the victory of the Soviet*
Much of this material Is compressed Into his book, "Ten Days That
Shook the World."  •
Returning to the United States,
Reed became the leader of the left
wing group which attempted to
capture the Socialist party In the
eonvention held in Chicago In September, 1919. When the coup failed Reed established the Communist Labor party.
Early In 1920, Reed r'eturned to
Russia, where he represented the
American Communist party at the
convention of the Third'Internationale. Louise Bryant, whom he '
married in 1917, arrived In Moscow
as correspondent for tho International News Service a few weeks be*
foro Reed's death.
Owing to the sale of the Vancouver lnhor Temple, the offices of
the Federatlonist have boen moved
to Rooms 1 and 2, Victoria Block,
.1-12 Pender Street West. Correspondents nro requested to make
note of tills.
Oklahoma City.—H. H. Herbert,
professor of journalism at the Oklahoma university, has procured a
copy of "The Brass Check" by Upton Sinclair for the university library and assigns readings from lt
to his students*
_____ PAGE TWO
fRWAY.... .October II, ltljf
Any Blue Serge Suit
in the Store    -    -
Your unrestricted choice of our entire stock
of Leishman, Benford, Chesterfield, and Campbell. Highest quality blue serge'suits, regular
prices $50 to $85.
Saturday only
' Below the tax ...
The Stores of Plenty and Free Delivery
Canterbury Umb Stow, lb —Ate
Canterbury Lamb Shoulder, lb. 26>/je
Canterbury Lamb Loins,, lb.  82c
Canterbury Lamb Legs, lb. 888
We are putting on sale on Friday
and Saturday our No. 1 Steel
Boneleaa Rolled Roaata. Better
beef you cannot get. Regular
38o lb., Friday and Saturday,
per' lb    ■'■ '»«
Slater'a Sliced Streaky Baoon, lb. 58a
Slater'a Sliced Streaky Bacon,, lb. 600
Slater'a Sliced Boneless Roll, lb. SOO
Slater'a Sliced Ayrshire Bacon, lb. 48a
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire Boll, lb. .680
Hare yoa tried our famous sliced
Ayrahlra Bacon t Everybody
who bought It last week said It
waa fine. Reg. 600 lb.. Friday
and Saturday apeclal lb BOO
On Friday and Saturday we will aell
our famoua Pork Shoulders, weighing from 5 to 8 lbs.   Beg. SSe Ha.
Friday and Saturday — 33yi0
They are excellent for roasting.
Alberta Fresh Eggs, per dozen —78a
B, 0, Storage Eggs, per dosen —BSo
B. C. Fresh Eggs, per dosen 980
B. 0. Cream Cheese, per paoket —fiOfl
Fineat Pot Roasts, from, lb. -170
Finest Oven Roasts, lb. i.»0c
Finest T. B. Roasts, lb —880
Finest Sirloin Roasts, lb. ._,...88c
Finest Boneless Stew Beef, lb. S»o .
Fineat BoUlnf Beef, from, lb. 17c I
Oa aale on Saturday, morning from
8 a.m. to 11 a.m.   Our special
Alberta Creamery  But.w:  reg.
68o lb. Saturday special, lb. 63c
Oar famoua Sugar Cured Picnic Hama
—reg. 880 lb.—Friday and Satur-
day at per lb. „„ .-*"_*
Finest  Pork  Roaata;   practically nt
bona; itt 8. 4 and 6-lb. piocea; reg.
45o lb.; special Friday and Satur
day -....- •• I"
Nothing bettor for roasting.
Royal Household Flour,. 49-lbs. 13.78
Finest Pastry Flour, 10.1b. sacks 800
Aunt Dinah Molasses, No. 5 tlns...800
Slater'a Freah Ground Coffee, lb. .60c
Slater's Famoua Tea, Ib. L..46C
Fineat Tomato Boup, 3 for 3BC
Finest Marmalade, No. I tins, only 45a
Nabob Jelly Powders, 3 for 86c
Fineat Highland Spuds In 100-lb.
sacks, apeclal each .88.80
Fineat Kamloops Spuds, speolal at
eaoh •  __l».70
 Free delivery.
Finest Nabob Tea on wis Friday aad
Saturday, reg. 66o lb. Speeial p«
lb.  -86c
Oa sale on Saturday, our Finest
Compound Lard, rag.   80c  lb.
Special at yer lb.  -38c
Flnaat Para Lard. 0 lba. fot ...68c
Flneet Canadian Ckowo, Ib. —lie
Fineat Peanut Batter, lb. _._.S6C
Finest Fruit Cake, lb. ...40c
Finest Dill Pickles, doc Wc
Three Bjg Busy Stores:
UB Haatinga St. E_...Phone Sey. 8361
880 Oranvllle St._..Phone Sey. SM
8260 Main Bt Phone Fair, 1083
Dl. BRETT ANDERSON, formerly member cf tke Faculty of lb*
College of Deatlstry, University of Southern California, Lecturer
ca Crow* aad Bridgework, Damooatratcr I* Platcwork ent Ojat*.
tin Deatlstry, Local Ml Qeaeral Anaesthesia.
A mouth without teeth is
like a (lilant without machinery
Yon can't get along without them. Obsolete,
misshapen teeth are equally useless—nnd they
damage your health. The methods employed
and work provided by my office are modern
in every respect—alleviating pain—preserving
health,'efficiency and good appearance.
Let me ehow you specimens of perfectly-matched
Expression Work—made ln my own laboratory—mr
specialty. '
Dr. Brett Anderson
Oor. Seymour
Phone Seymour 3331
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday
_y both local snd general'
anaesthesia—and the ha*
man touch which gives you
confidence. Then, too, mr
complete X-Ray equipment
precludes "doubts"-meana
less time In the chair.	
(By Byan Walker In the New Tork Cull)
The Marxian Law of Value
Phone E-P 964
is at your service.   All work guaranteed.
887 OARRALL STREET (Just Off Hastings Street)
Our brothers and sisters there need immediate Medical Aid. Mail your contribution at
once. If you are willing to help, write the Secretary for a subscription list.
Secretary, Medical Relief Committee for Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine,
Box 3591, Postal Station B.,
Enclosed please find the sum of.	
..Dollars towards purchase of
Medical Supplies for Soviet Russia and Soviet
To Induce a workingman to read
a book ifl ono of tho moat difficult
feau to accomplish, and, if It li to
read ft treatise, or an article on
economics, then the taak bewmei
well nigh impossible. It Is, therefore, with a devil-may-care spirit
that I write.upon the subject. I
doubt rery muoh whether the articles will be read, but am egotistical
enough to believe that a persual
of these article! will be of some
help and beneflt. tf not of pleasure.
At any rate, I shall have had the
pleasure of passing an Idle hour or
two ln writing, which ls muoh more
satisfying than going to a movie.
Of courao, economics cannot be
dlsoussed without at the same time
discussing the ifw of value, and
while the law of value is rather a
hackneyed subject, I shall venture
to write about certain passages of
the law which are seldom touched
upon, and, what Is more to be regretted, vary little understood.
The law of value, as taught by
Marx, and accepted ln proletarian
circles, Is as follows: "The value
of a commodity Is determined by
the amount of socially necessary
labor It takes to reproduce." Every
Socialist Is familiar with this defl-
ntlon, but every Socialist Is not familiar with what ls accomplished
by the law, and how Important a
part It plays In tho whole science
of political economy. The law of
value not only teaches us how to
determine the value of a commodity, but the Marxian analysis of the
law elucidates and makes' clear all
economic phenomena which make
their appearance in capitalistic society, and which, at times, are ao
confusing to bourgeois economists.
The phrase "AU commodities ex*-
change at their value" shares equal
familiarity with the law of value.
However, it ls not contradicting
Marx to say, that commodities do
not exchange at thoir value, nor
do the prices of commodities even
fluctuate around their value; In
fact, they oscillate around some'
thing entirely different, and yet It
Is perfectly true, that commodities
do exchange at their value. Can
there be anything more paradoxical than this? When Protagoras,
the Greek philosopher, laid down
the proposition that "contradictory
assertions are equally true" he did
nothing more than to state a fact
which is now generally accepted.
The majority of persons are of
opinion, that is, those who have
any opinion on the subject at all,
that the purpose of the Marxian
law of value is to explain the varietur prices of Individual eommoditiea Even the great Boehm-Baw-
erk, the ablest of Marx's critics, ln
utter astonishment asks the question, "What Is the purpose of a
law of value, If It is not to explain
why certain commodities exchange
at certain prices?" Boehm-Bawerk'
Is not satisfied to learn that the
total price of ail commodities Is
equal to their total value, and because the price of an individual
pair of pants does not conform to
Its value, he wrote a book about
the ' great' contradiction In the
Marxian law of value, and the
banltruntcy of Marxism, when ln
reality the contradiction Is tn capitalistic production, and not ln the
law Itself. But more of that later.
Boehm-Bawerk haa the privilege
of course, of demanding anything
he desires of the law of value, and
although the law - does explain
pricos, It Is of much greator significance than that. A significance
which cannot be comprehended by
bourgeois economists.
For approximately fifty years
previous to 1859 the leading men
of science and philosophy had
reached the conclusion that things
were not static, a state of mental
development which tho average
bourgeois economist has not reached. Tbe biologists, for instance,
realized that species were mutable.
Buffon, St, Hllalre, Lamarck, Erasmus Darwin, and Goethe, Lyeil
and Spencer, concerned themselves
with this problem. But the why
and wherefore of the mutability of
species was a secret of nature
[ Whloh these men could not fathom.
Then came Darwin with hts "Origin
of Species," which laid bare the
method. "Natural Selection," or as
Herbert Spencer called It, "the survival of the fittest," was the key
which unlocked the mystery, and
laid bare before our eyes the modus operandi of nature. It.gave us
an Insight into, and was the means
of understanding, biology, Without
It the biologists would be still.groping tn the dark. All that was feasible to be done previously.wm to
gather facts and data, the significance of which could not be understood. There was nothing to guide
the biologists ln their work, nothing to signify what It all.imeant,
an no one knew what it was, all
about '.Q n
And so with the science of politieal economy. While tho Marxian
law of values does not explain
everything (Just as natural selection or the survival of the fittest,
doea not give us a satisfactory explanation of why a certain Individual has a red nose) tho law of
value does give us tho key whloh
makes possible a comprehension of
economlo phenomena. Without
thie law there would bo no science
of political economy, and there
could be none. All that possibly;
could be done would bo to gather
data and facts with no rule to interpret them.
The law of value transformed
political economy from a most dismal study to a very Interesting and
entertaining one. Facts and data
which seemed Incomprehensible at
once became translucent. An understanding and analysis of the law
readily explains the whole economic structure, and gives an insight into the very vitals of our
sociul life. The moment the law
was applied and used, the explaining of prices, which our eclollstic
friend, Boehm-Bawerk, could not
comprehend, became a mere detail,
an insignificant, Inconsequential incidental. More Important questions
crowded to the front, and were
solved. For Instance, "Where d)
profits oome from," foun<V Ha solution ln the analysis of the law,
Prices were satisfactorily explained
and in the only way they could be
explained, but the law of value ls
much wider In Its scope and applicability, aomethlng whloh men
who believe that poUtlcal economy
Is merely a subdivision of the ad*
ence of psychology, cannot be ex*
pec ted to understand,
The question whloh confounded
all political economists was the
great problem of how an average
rate of proflt • was formed. And
right here, where the Marxian law
of value achieved lta greatest vlo<
tory, la the point where lt is attacked the most, ln fact, the only
point where It Is attacked, not because it does not satisfactorily'explain how and why an aVerage
rate of proflt la formed, but ^because, forsooth, ln explaining the
phenomena the law of value contradicts itself. The critics ' pever
seem to comprehend that the qon
tradictlons which are exposed ln
'applying the process of an analysis
of this phenomena, are simply contradictions inherent ln capitalist
production, and not contained in
the law of value. Like all Realistic philosophers, these men believe that the further they get from
the facts the nearer they are'to 'the
"The falling tendency of the rate
of profit," a Rhenomena noticed by
political economists, is another one,
of those inexplicable things which
the Good Lord In hla wisdom did
not deign mankind to comprehend,
but the moment the Marxian law
of value was applied to the problem, It yielded Its secret Without
difficulty. But our critics do not
ovon mention this, probably for the
renson that they have not delved
Into the third volume of Marx far
enough, In nrtlclos to follow we
shall apply the law to this phenomena, and for those who are rational, will be .proof positive of *he
correctness nnd validity of tho law
The Marxian law of value Riven
us a rational explanation of all
economic phenomena. It explains
and makes pellucid the.whole econ
omic science. It acts as the guide
whloh leada us through the labyrinth of facts, and shows us thetr
whys and wherefores. Marx, like
Darwin, as colligated all phenomena of tho science and put them
into one comprehensive whole,
With his law of valuo, Marx haa
done for political economy what
Darwin did with natural selection
for biology.—The Proletarian.
Wild Scramble for Golden
Fluid Is Being
Financial Interests Are
Searching Every Nook
and Crany for Oil
(By Arthur Thomson,)
Th day of coal is passing. Tho
day of oil 'Is hero. Oil ln industry
Is taking coal's place more and
more every day. Petroleum has become ths most valuable product In
the world and huge profits are being piled up by its production. Millionaires have been, and are being,
made almost overnight by oil. And
In order to get the golden fluid
Individuals, corporations and governments are engaged in a wild
scramble, something similar to the
feverish gold rushes of a few years
ago—only the old rush carries with
It dangerous possibilities of war.
OU Means Money
Oil means money! And because
tt meana money the flnanclal pow-
ora of the world are eagerly searching every nook and eorner hoping
to discover oil. Their respective
governments aro aiding them and
the talk Is now about who ls to
control the world's oil. The London "Times" a short time ago published an article whloh said that
England was reaohlng out to control the world's oil. And the Magazine of Wall Street says that
"every British expeditionary force
that operated in the east carried
along geologists who were tapping
and mapping, while the armed
forces were putting up the "verboten" sign all over the place. And
lf Great Britain succeeds ln piping
her Persian and Mesopotamian otl
across Turkey to the Mediterranean, It will come pretty near taking
away the European trade of Standard Oil."
British oil corporations already
control about one-half million
square miles of rich Persian oil
landa, as well as rich oil lands ln
Mesopotamia. France controls
about twenty-five per oent, of the
oil lands tn Mesopotamia, while
Great Britain controls seventy-five
per cent.
Seeking Control
The oil groups, particularly those
of the United States and England
aft lined up against each other to
Bee who will control the oil market
and supply. On the one hand there
la the Royal Dutch Shell group,
headed by H. W. A. Deterdlng,
backed by many hundred millions
of British capital, "a new Rockefeller." J)n the other, there is the
rich anil powerful Standard Oil
wtth all lta subsidiaries and resources, And the Magazine of Wall
Street remarks that "it has every
appoarance of being a war to a
Well, as long as they keep the
wor to themselves we won't worry
muoh. But if they attempt to make
the world safe for democracy again
—I menn oil—then It will very
much concern us.
The oil situation In the Unitod
States has reached a stage where
consumption   has   passed   produc
tion. The United States now imports petroleum, principally from
Mexico. Geologists aay that America is exhausting its home oil supply and must import more and
more to meet the demand for domestic use. Industry is daily using
more fuel oil in place of coal. The
navy, army, -marine and rallwaya
are using more and more fuel oil
for generating stoam, and motor-
driven vehicles are making ever-increasing demands on the gasoline
supply, which depends on the supply of crude oil.
The situation is something similar in Great Britain. The British
navy has been to a large extent
converted to the use of otl as a
fuel instead of coal. A huge reservoir has been bulk at England's
naval base to store sixty million
gallons of petroleum for use by the
In the merchant marine oil Is
being used ln many instances instead of coal, both In the United
States and Great Britain. The huge
British liner "Aqiiatanla" recently
was converted Into an oil burner
and was supplied with sufficient
fuel oil by seven men ln eight hours
whereas the operation of coaling
the vessel took several hundred
men five days to accomplish. And
the Job was much cleaner and easier, which meant quite a little.
Supply Not Equal to Demand
Because the oil supply of the
United Statea ts not equal to tho
demand made on It the oil companies of thts country are reaching
out for foreign supplies. At present Mexico ls their principal field.
An oil Journal of Texas says that
the Tamplco district is now harboring hundreds of oil men, '/wildcatters," etc., from all parts of the
world, who hope to strike lt rich.
The large American otl corporations In Mexico control most of the
oil produced and are sending out
about ten million barrels of crude
oil a month.
Mexieo has the rlohest oil field
In the world. Wella in the Tamplco
field flow several times the quantity supplied by wella of the United
States. Millions have been, and are
being, made by American oil operators tn Mexico, And also much
The American oil operators have
for several years conducted an Intensive campaign of misrepresentation of conditions tn Mexico, abuse
and slander of the Mexican people
and the Moxlcon govornment, have
flooded the American press with intervention propaganda, and even
today In the face ot Improved conditions in Mexico they are not satisfied. They seem determined to
prevent recognition Cf the new
Mexican government unless It
backs down to the oil Interests' demands. The oil men don't like
Article 27 of the Mexican constitution, which puts final control of the
oil In the handa of the Mexican
people, and they demand that lt be
wiped off the slate, lf these and
other Interests don't get their oton
way we will probably soon hear
more intervention noise.
Fraught with Danger
The International otl situation Is
ons fraught with dangeroua possibilities of war. The fight at present Is between rival groups for control of supplies and markets. On
the one side ts the Standard Oil
with Its subsidiaries, the most powerful oil corporation ln the world,
and on the other there is the Royal
Dutch Shell, backed by British
capital and the British government.
The Standard 0)1 has exploring
parties In different parts of the
world, as has also the Royal Dutch
Sriell. They are combing the world
for oil—China, Mesopotamia, Persia, Mexico, Central and, South
America—wherever there seem to
be prospects. As the Far Eeastern
Review, organ of Amrlcan Interests tn the Orient, remarks: "the
Royal Dutch Shell combination, on
the one side, and the Standard* Oil
on the other, have been thrust Into
a contest the end of which no man
can predict. Every British and
American company is a considered
factor. Government pressure, open
and secret, Is being exercised. The
capitalist world Is In the midst of
an oil war which, like' all commer-
cal~ wars, has the possibility of
spreading to armed war between
the nations concerned unless the
people keep their eyes open.
As far as otl la concerned the
people of America should watch
events below the Rio Grande colse-
ly as Mexico Is now supplying most
of the foreign oil that the United
States uses. Despite reports emanating from Inspired sources that
the Mexican government Is putting
obstacles In the way of American
otl producers, Mexican oil continues to be taken out of Mexico In
Increasing amounts and money
from Its sale continues to enrich
OUR WAY makes it
EASY for you to furnish
your home throughout
from basement to attic.
Wo sell good furniture.
Beds, Bedding, Chairs,
Tables, Carpets, Linoleum,
Buffets, Dressers, Stoves,
Ranges, etc., etc., and we
give you all the time you
need to pay for what you
buy. _
416 MAIN ST.
Opposite City HaU
Ending your days
of waiting—
Month-End Q A I C
35 to SO per cent, off on
Suits, Goats, Dresses and Skirts
which became broken in their various lines during thif
last and most successful month in our history*
Don't miss thla greatest opportunity ever given Vancouvor women.
Near Granville
American oil operators. The truth
Is, no obstacles have been, or are
being, put, ln the way of American
oil operators. As one American oil
producer,, with large interests ln
Mexican oil fields, said a short time
back, "tho trouble ln Mexico,
brought down to bodrook, is ths
disposition of certain interests to
disregard Mexican rights both Individual and national. There has
been an utter disregard for the
rights of th* natives and the Mexican government, Thoy do things
In' Mexico that no oil company
would think of trying to do in
Moscow—A delegation ot Roumanian and Czocho-Slovakian trade
unionists has arrived in Petrograd
on Its way ..to Moscow. A representative of the American proletariat travels with the delegation,
and ia also expected at Moscow.
In that dark hour when imp* gta
thy anl but servioe count xjH
much—call up
Phone Ifclrmoni H
Prompt Ambulance Service
IT It nmr iimiit to take .treee
* oiImhI or kuik outor ea to lellera
eonstipetion. Try e eombloitfoa ef
simple belts with pepsin. Kid nr die*.
■Ms nndsrttsnun* ot Dr. Caldwell's
Laxativs Srnip Pepela. It Is • mild,
■satis medietas so safe that thousands
At mother, live It to ttoy babies, sad
yet effective eooush to relieve the most
ehronle constipation la srownnpo. The
formula Is on the package. A slaty*
centbottle lasts sn average family many
months, and Is guaranteed to do as
elnimed or yoor'monsy wtll be refunded
Eight million bottles of Dr. Caldwell's
Laxative Syrup Pepsin wsre sold In
drug stores laat yearl
, If you would liken tea Dr. Cold*
eitlVt Laxative Symp Tepsin free of
charge before faying It in tlie tesnlat
wayofyovrdrutglit, tend jour turns
and address to Dr. MC. B. Caldwell,
it Front St., Bridle—tt Ont, and
a free trial botth wiU be tent ye»
ptompdy, postpaid.
Veterani of the Great War
We wilt dye your great coat bottle green, brown or black, take
off shoulder straps, put on new
buttons and make lt look like a
oivy ooat. all for $5.50.
Mall Orders Promptly Attended
7 Little Tailors
333 Oarrall Street
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
HENRY »AllL, Propt
(Old timo Lumberjack)
Prompt Sorvice Fine Car
334 Abbott St.     Vancouver
Phone Soy. 8877-8878
oomonqufc ahum
Pbone Seymour 1100 f
thirl fleer, World BntlUag, ltt*,
'-.eonvsr, 1. 0.	
Guaranteed Coal
If oar coal ia not aatia*
factory to yoa, aftar yoa
hava thoroughly triad it
ont, wa will remova what
ooal la left and chargo yoa
nothing for what yoa havo
uaed.      •
Ton to ba tha sola judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phoui Seymour imi ml MS
Greateit Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail I
41 HutUfi Itmt WM
•fTB-t rov au roa
aal Non-alcohollo wins, at an ]
ktitfi - |
Savea labor. The Coupon]
with tach package are
value in themielvea.
This season we are bettor prepared than over to take car*
of football players.
High-grade English Jerseys In many colors and designs.
A splendid stock to choose from.
Be sure to see the new Improved McGregor Boot.   This
boot is a winner,, All sizes ln stock.
From the best English makers, Including the genuine McGregor, the finest ball made.
TEL. SBY. JH HtlDAY October tt,  1920
twelfth yjsab. no. 44   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  Vancouver, b. a
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Workers' Department of the One Big Union
Camp Reports
Camp 2
Meeting on Oct. 18, F. W. Cameron elected chairman, F. W. Mo-
Knight secretary.
Moved and seconded, that minutes of previous meeting be adopt*
•d as read.   Motion carried.
Moved and seconded, that camp
committee request the cook to at
tend meeting to answer question fn
regard to cook-house supplies.
The cook was given the floor for
the!purpose of stating hiB side of
the food problem, and was asked
numerous questions, and the mat*
ter-was laid over to see lf he got
what supplies he had ordered.
Moved and seconded, that we
walk one way on company's time.
Moved and seconded, that committee ask foreman about the
question. Carried.
1 fhe committee reported that he
would ask the superintendent
Committee's report carried. *
Moved and seconded, that delegate and camp committee draw up
a letter to the membership on the
Port Arthur convention.
There waa a long discussion on
this question, lasting over one hour
and the questions and suggestlosn
are embodied in a letter to The
Federationist.   Carried.
Moved and seconded, that delegate and camp .committee sign the
letter.     Carried.
Moved and seconded, that camp
committee be Instructed to see that
the following Improvements were
made by the company: Walks In
campa locks on doors, lights for
bunk-houses,.toilet walks and wash
house, new stove for wash room,
ventilators for bunk-houses, and
any other Improvements that came
to their1 notice.   Carried.
Moved and seconded, that this
meeting stand adjourned until 6.30
p.m. next Monday night. Carried.
Delegate H. W. McKnlght.
Comrade Andy Bjork, delegate
at Keewatln Lumber Company's
Camp 4, reports that while the
boys In this camp are aumpathetlc,
the work of lining them up ls slow,
but hopes before long to report better progress. He says that the conditions In this camp are much the
same as tn all unorganized ones.
The bunks are 28 feet by 26 feet
Thirty-two men in each bunk
house. With the gang at full
strength thia delegate expects to establish an effective organisation,
At a special meeting of the workers of the Otis Staples Lumber Co.
(car camp, on October 8, the action of th.e delegates who withdrew from the' eonvention, was
held, the votes endorsing the action of the delegates being 40 for
and none against.
Camp 1
At the regular meeting of the L.
ft C. W. I. U. of the O. B. U. at
Camp 1, Port Neville, B. C, on Oct.
6, 1920, there was a very lengthy
and pointed discussion between
Executive Board Member Joe Grace
and the workers in camp on the
two forms of organization, "Industrial Federation," and the "0. B.
U." district form of organization,
the result being that the following
motion carried with an overwhelming majority:
Moved and seconded: "That we,
the workers of Camp 1, Port Neville, B. C, endorse the action of
the Coast District convention of
July, 1920, viz.: .That Coast District withdraw from eentral executive of L. A C. W. I. U. and affiliate direct with the O. B. U.' Also
that we approve of the ruling of
the credential committee of the O.
B. U. convention of Port Arthur,
September, 1920, re the voting
power and legality of delegates,
Also that we stand by the laws
passed by the late O. B. U. convention according to the report that
appeared on the front page of The
B, C. Federatlonist, dated Oct, 1,
1820. At the same meeting, a motion carried that we hold educational meetings onee a week.
We hope to see the views of
other of other camps appearing ln
The Federatlonist.
At a special meeting held at
Camp 1, Port Neville, B. C, on the
17th of October, the following motions were carried unanimously:
Moved and seconded: "That we,
the workerB of Camp 1, Fort Neville .after a careful study and discussion of the reports ot the L, ft
C. W. I. U. delegates to the O. B.
U. .convention, which appeared on
tbe L. ft C. W. I. U. page of The
Bi C. Federatlonist, Oat. 8, 1920,
and the minutes of the O. B. U.
eonvention, which we have In our
possession, we confirm our action
taken at the last regular business
meeting on Oct. 6, and request that
the communication which was sent
to The B. C. Federatlonist relative
to the action of last meeting, be
Moved and seconded: "that our
delegate be instructed to get ln
communication with the seoretary
The shop stewards movement of
Great Britain, which ls recognized
as being one of the most vital factor's in the progressive and aggressive Labor moyement of Great Britain, Is almost In its entirety identical with the form of organization
practiced and advocated - by the
lumber workers. A recent pamphlet Issued by the headquartera in
England by the secretary, Tom
Walsh, ls to hand, and In a short
time sufficient copies will be available to send to all camps. There
Is first the shop or job committee,
consisting of a steward or representative, of every trade, grade or department of the job. This constitutes the workera committee for
the job. They elect their' own
chairman and secretary and such
other officers as, the job demands.
The committee will be one of
many In the same Industry, in the
same district and to solidify, thc
Industry of that district, all the
stewards from all the jobs constitute the district council of the Industry. This Council elects Us
necessary officials-and committees.
This council then links up with
all .Industries In the district forming the central district counoil of
all Industries,
Then each district council of
each Industry elects two members
to a national council ot their particular industry.
The next step lq then the formation of a national council of all industries. Tlie proposal Is then to
extend the organization until tt
constitutes an international council of all workers -throughout the
L C. and A. W.     ,
General Referendum
In accordance with Clause 30, a
referendum has been Issued by the'
general eexcuttve at the request of
the delegates who refused to sit at
tho Port Arthur convention.
In view of the recommendation
by the delegates that the membership refuse to recognize or be
bound by any declolsns of the convention, the executive are, at tha
same time, asking if the member-,
ship desire to conform to the recommendation of their delegates,
and refuse to take port In any referendum submitted by the O. B.
U. executive which relates to the
convention proceedings.
Also ln view of the decisions that
were arrived at by the convention
and the intention of certain sections wtthln the O. B. U. to compel
the lumber workers to abolish their
headquarters and use the supplies
issued by the O. B. U. executive, a
question bearing upon this ts also
Members who have not received
a ballot paper should write to their
district offlce giving their name and
ledger or O. B. U. number.
1. Do you approve of the action
taken by the ten Lumberworkers'
delegates at the-Port Arthur O. B.
U. convention?
2. In view of the action of the
convention,, do you desire this organization to take part tn any referendum on the convention proceedings If same Is Issued'by the O.
B. U. executive?
8. Are you in favor of maintaining a Lumber, Camp and Agricultural Workers' Department of the
One Big Union, and retaining the
right to maintain your own head'
quarters for the purpose of giving
special attention to the needs and
requirements of the workers within
those Industries, and to Issue such
supplies as the special needs of the
organization require?
Alexander's Position
Nelson District Contributions
The following members of the
Lumber Workers Industrial Union
of Trout Lake, B. C, have contributed to the defense fund: Jack
Curry, SOc; Jack Hallan, BOc; F.
Bird, BOc; Leonard Johnson, 25c;
R. Cooper, 75c; A. B. McLennor,
ot the O. E. B. of O. B. U. re the
formation of an O. B. U. District
Board for British Columbia, or the
Coast District of British Columbia,
and the transfer of logging camps
direct to the O. B. TJ. District
And the following resolution
carried unanimously:
"Resolved, In meeting assembled
at Camp 1, Port Neville, Oct 17,
"Whereas, the credential committee at Fort Arthur convention
acted constitutionally ln regard to
Coast District Lumber Workers'
delegates, and
"Whereas,   the   delegates   who
could have been seated and represented the Coaat District Lumber
Workers refused to do so, therefore,
"Be It resolved, that this meeting goes on record as being opposed to this district paying any expenses of said delegates, and that
a oopy of this resolution be published In The B. C. Federatlonist.
, P. J. Donovan, Chairman.
B. James, Delegate.
Qeorge Gray, Camp Com.
Clark Johnson,        "
A. Aroldson, "
Robert Collins,        •*
Firs, Limited, or Rees & Black. ..Whonnock
Metalliferous Mines. Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
Tidewater Copper Mine - Sidney Inlet
Dempsey-Ewart's, Camp i. Drury Inlet
McLeod Timber Co.
...Gambier Island
Cargill Co. of Canada, Broughton Island, actively
discriminating against union mem.
To all membera or the Lumber,
Camp & Agricultural Workers
Department  of the  One Big
Fellow Worker's:
In view1 of what has taken
place at, and since, the O. B. U.
convention at Port Arthur, and seeing that a statement has, been published giving the reasons why the
Lumber Workers delegates left the
convention, I consider It necessary
to give my reasons for remaining.
Having been elected a delegate
to the O. B. U. convention it -the
Lumber Worker's Coaat District
'.Convention, I expected that my
credentials would be put ln by the
coast district secretary, J. M.
Clarke, but was surprised to find
that all credentials for Lumber
Workers' delegates were signed by
E. Winch and H. Higgins, and no
statement appear'ed on the credentials as to what district delegates
had been elected from. When E,
Winch was asked by the credential
committee to Inform them as to
what districts Cowan, Nell and
himself were, representing, ho refused to give the information, stating that the Lumber Workers' delegates were representing the Lumber Workers Union as a whole, and
not any particular district. I took
issue with him over this statement,
also over his refusing to supply the
information desired by thc credential committee. E. Winch Immediately called the whole delegation
of lumber workers together and informed them that the credential
committee had asked for' information what districts Cowan, Nell
and himself were representing, - He
stated that he considered the committee was not entitled to this information, as they were representing the lumber workers as a whole,
and not any particular district.
I was not in favor of having the
Coast delegates represent the Lumber Workers as a whole, seeing that
the district form of organization
had been advocated and practically unanimously carried at the convention where the Coast delegates
had been neglected, and I considered lt the duty of the Coast members
to support the district form of organization at the O, B. U. convention. However, all the Lumber
Workers' delegates, with the exception of myself, were apparently going to support the industrial
form of organization, which would
have meant that had the Coast
members decided to break away
from the G. E. B. of the Lumber
Workers department, they would
have again been forced under that
department had the policy that was
advocated by E. Wfnch and the
other1 lumber workers' delegates
been put ln force.
Having consistently fought for
the district form of organization,
both at the coast and general con<
ventlons of tlie lumber workers, I
was, therefore, not going to bind
myself to any section of the O. B.
U. for the purpose of trying to
force member's-to accept something
I did not want myself.
I considered. that by remaining
at the convention, I might arrange
to have the Coast delegates seated
as representing the Coast district,
providing they were willing to do
so, with the full voting power they
would be entitled to by the payment of the arrears of per capita
that Secretary J, M. Clarke stated
he was agreeable to pay. Two of
the credential committee had agreed
with me that they would favor this
proposition, so I tried to get a
meeting of the Coast delegates to
consider the matter. However, Carl
E. Berg;, of Edmonton, (a paid of-
clal, and now a member of the
general executlv board of the lumber workers), prevented the meet
Ing from being held, therefore the
question of the Coast delegates be
Ing reseated and allowed to pay up
arrears of per capita was not placed before the convention.
An article written by E. Winch,
and published In the Lumber
Workers' page of The B. C. Federatlonist, dated October 8, reads as
"To prevent any suggestion
that Influence was being exerted
upon them, the seven delegates
from the Coast held a separate
meeting,  and  decided  to  again
repeat the otter of payment of
arrears, and, If accepted, the 11
delegates to be seated with a total of 10,000 votes.   In the event
of some credentials being found
Incorrect, and the delegatea not
seated, the remainder to have
1000 votes each,"
This statement is not true, because  considerable  Influence was
exerted over the Coast delegates to
get them to refuse to be seated as
representing   the    Coast    district,
(Note: Had they agreed to be seated as representing one particular
district,   then   the   credentials   of
some of the other delegates would
have been held up by the credential committee on the grounds that
the delegates had not been elected
fr'om the districts to which they
belonged.   See recall provisions in
0.   B.   U.   constitution.)     Having
failed to get the Coast delegates together, I attended the convention
on Wednesday morning, Sept.  28,
when as soon as the proceedings
commenced, R. Higgins, a member
of the O. E. B. of the lumber workers, asked the privilege ot the floor,
which was granted htm.   He then
read   a  written   statement   giving
r'ensons why the delegates from thc
Lumber Workers had withdrawn
from the convention.     After the
report had been read, I stated it
was my intention to continue to represent the Coast district at the
convention, providing I got my full
voting power  (1000 votes,)    This
was gr'anted to me  so I- remained.
When the question of electing
the new executive board came up,
I was nominated and agreed to accept the nomination pn condition
that ahould I be elected, my name
would be again placed In nomination along with others of the Coast
dlstriot, the two nominees getting
the highest number of votes to be
the eleoted representatives on the
O, B. U, general executive board.
This was agreed to.
Since returning from Port Arthur, and while still a member of
the Coast district executive, I reoelved % oommunlcation fron) J.
M. Clarke, coast secretary, asking
me, as an executive board member.
If I approved of sending out a referendum ballot oh the following
1. Do you approve of the action
taken by the ten Lumber Workers'!
delegates at the Port Arthur O. B.
U. convention?
2. In view of the action of the
convention, do you desire this organization to take part In any refer-,
endum on the convention proceedings lf same is Issued by the O. B.
U. executive?
8. Are you in favor of main-
staining a Lumber, Camp & Agricultural Workers department off
the One Big Union, and retaining
the right to maintain your own
headquarters for the purpose of
giving special attention. to the
needs and requirements of the
workers within those industries,
and to issue euch supplies as the
special needs, of the organiation require ?
I replied stating that I had no
objection to questions 1 and 2, but
strongly protested against No. 8,
going out in its present form as "it
was misleading. By misleading, I
meant that the' way It was worded
would lead members .to believo It
was the intention of the G. E. B.
of the O. B. U. to take complete
control of the organiation, and do
away with the district headquarters
of the Lumber Workers, whereas
it was not the intention of the G.
E. B. to do this, for the policy outlined at the convention was simply
to do away with departmental general executive boards, thereby
bringing all departments under' thi
one board, and leaving the distrie
headquarters the way they are ai
present. I pointed this out to Secretary Clarke, also informed him
that I realized my protest against
this question would be of no avail,
inasmuch as the ballots had already
been printed before I received hts
-communication. I consider that
whoever was responsible for having these ballots printed before the
executive board members of the
Coast district had been given a
chance to vote on the question,
took upon themselves too much authority, and that lt was a personal
insult to members of the Coast executive.
The question of the Coast members seceding from the general executive board of the Lumber
Workers, and attaching themselves
direct to the G. E. B. of the O, B.
U. carried almost unanimously at
the Coast convention; therefore, 1
consider it was the duty of the
Coast delegates to support this pol
Icy whilst at the convention, as the
majority of the delegates attending
the Coast convention stated that
they had been Instructed by the
members In camp to vote In support of that policy. In view of the
fact that the Lumber Workers officials have decided to send out the
referendum on the three questions
mentioned previously, .whilst no
mention is made on the ballots regarding the delegate who remained
at the convention, I consider that
the Coaat member's should ignore
.the ballots the same as the officials
have ignored me. 9-
The vote of the Coast members,
as given out by the secretary, was
almost equally divided on the question of having the Coast district
attached direct to the G. E. B. of
the O. B. U.; in fact, if it was not
for the 400 odd miscellaneous ballots, which were practically all
marked opposed to this proposition, the vote on the question would
have carried by a majority of several hundred, and there ts still a
chance, lf all the ballots were
checked over by a special committee, that the vote on this question
However, seeing that the officials
have published a statement that
the vote lost by a small majority
of 81 votes, and in view of the fact
that the ballots while being counted that tt would have been an easy
matter for any periwn coming into
the ofllce to tamper with them;
and, further as ballots were accepted by the committee several days
after the ballot was supposed to
close. I have, therefore, decided
to resign my position as Mill Workers organler in protest against the
manner tn which these ballots were
counted and handled,
I might further add that I cannot conscientiously ask workers to
join the Lumber Workers organiation while the officials of that organization are permitted to use Its
resources In fighting the policies of
the One Big Union as adopted at
the Port Arthur convention.
' Trusting that the explanaion I
have given as my reason for remaining at the convention is satisfactory, I remain,
Tours fraternally,
Ex-Coast District Executive Member.
Note by the Coast Secretary!   .
Fellow-Worker Alexander states
in his resignation that'as he was
elected as deletrate to the O, B. U.
convention by the coast district, '
expected his credential to be signed
by the coast secretary. How the
coast secretary was going to sign
credentials that he never saw ls a
problem that will take some solving. If any credentials had been
received by the coast office I might
have signed them, but as the general secretary of the O. B. U. has
always transacted all business
through the central office of the
lumber workers (which is another
tacit admission that the L. and C.
W. I. U. was looked upon as an
Industrial Unit), the credentials
were, therefore, signed by those
they were sent to. What could be
more logical? However, as Alexander was at that time on the
Coast Executive, lt was his duty to
instruct me ln that matter tf he
thought I was delinquent ln my duties; or could lt be that the Idea
never came ln to his mind at that
time, because the circumstances
had not arisen that required It?
Would he have resigned on that
account if no trouble had developed at Port Arthur? If not, Is that
part of the reason for the resignation of te it part of the exouse?
Tae reason why the lumber
Workeri1 delegates refused to itate
.   ■_- '   -■ '	
where, some of thetr number was
electee, from was because the credential oommlttee was going to use
that Information to allot votes. I
gsjve that as my reason at the time,
the presence of Delegate Alex-
iti least one, and probably two,
a coast delegates who with-
were in favor of the district
form of organization. Therefore,
It ls an Incorrect statement to say
that the rest of the coast delegates
were "apparently" going to support
the Industrial form. What made it
seem "apparent?"   "
Re his assertion that I stated,
"I;was agreeable to pay the balance of the per cAplta that was ln
arrears." Nothing stirring;! I
made that offer on behalf of the
delegates. Being Scotch, I do not
make any reckless offers like that
on my own account. The convention might have accepted It and
then—I'm not having any, Thanka!
About Berg breaking up a meeting. Sorry, but I wasn't there and
do not know how many coast delegates were present. But as stated
lh the delegates official report, a
meeting of the coast delegates was
held and decided to make the offer
as reported. Alexander refused to
attend this, meeting.
If either Fellow-Worker Alexander or any one else thinks that they
can either Influence me or twist me
around their finger1, he, or they,
have another think coming. For
my part, I'm not a worshipper at
the shrine of .any man, or superman, and declej-e tt to be a deliberate falsehood to state that any
one influenced me. Man generally
reasons accordting-to hts exper'-
| lence, and Judges other men from
his own standard. Man, therefore,
thinks that other people are susceptible to the same things that he
himself is susceptible to. None of
the lumber workers' delegates Influenced me, neither did the delegates from any other place, and I
hope that every one who attended
that convention can say the same.
The note, re not seating some of
the delegates, Is rich.. Truth wtll
out. Where did the Information
come from? Was that one of the
conclusions arrived at by the credential committee? If so, why was
It not in their report? Were they
trying to hold a trump car'd , up
tMeir sleeve? If so, for what purpose?" . . , then the credentials '-Ot some of the other delegates
Would have been held up by the
credential committee, "on the
gfrouhds" that the delegates had
n&t Iwen elected from the districts,
td-'Which they belonged. . . .".
Peculiar phraseology, "on the
gffoUlids." Sounds like an excuse'
aM imt a reason, If lt was a r'ea-
sdfl, Why not say 'Because,' and
■"ket *n the grounds." When did
a^t&ll provision have anything to
do With seating delegates? Where's
tft*;Inference ? How would the log-
geT* ton the Coast proceed to recall
an O. B. U. executive member who
rewrdsented, say, the Thunder Bay
Central Council? That "note" was
unfortunate, In fact, f* was a disaster'—for some people.
The general secretary states that
the referendum Issued by the central executive ln accord with the
request of the ten delegates, and
dealing wtth two other questions
which naturally arise out of the
Port Arthur fracas, waa Issued ln
str'tct conformity with Clause 80 of
the constitution; and while Alexander may not agree with the wording, which he states ls misleading,
as it places a wrong interpretation
upon the "intention" of the G. F.
B. of the O. B. U-, it ls worded in
such a manner that when lt has
been voted upon the central executive will know exactly what action (
to take to conform with the wishes
of the membership.
It might be pointed out that the
'.'almost- unanimous vote" at the
coast convention, to which Alexander refers, was 40 to 20^-a peculiar unanimity, particularly in view
of Its reversal by a number of the
majority delegates who later attended the general convention.
The Btatement about the ballots
being loosely handled is a deliberate misstatement of facts, evidently uttered with a-malicious
purpose. They were handled In
exactly the same manner as previous ballots had been handled.
Some of those previous ballots were
counted when Fellow-Worker Alexander was tn the office and acting at that time op the coast executive. Why did he not object then?
Or could it not serve his purpose at
that time. A statement Uke that
Is a reflection on my Integrity, and
I do not intend to let It drop. It's
a deliberate Yalsehood, evidently
uttered In an attompt to bolster
something else up (what other reason could there bo?) when ho
states that lt would have been an
easy matter for any one coming
Into the office to tampef with the
ballots. The ballots were counted
In t^e back room and any one coming into the office had to pass
through two rooms to get there. I
was in the office all the time except
at night, when the door was looked
and no one had a key for the door
except the office staff and the janitor. That can be backed up by
the committee who did the counting. If any one wants a recount
no one will object; and tf Alexander
had asked for a recount he knows
the executive would have complied.
I hate to see a bad loser, especially
one.who will make statements of
t]haf nature, and then quit, and I
hope when the members come to
town they will call at the office and
see whert. the ballots were county
e\ They can then Judge for themselves and not rely on any one's
The parcel of ballots that were
accepted by the committee several
days after the vote was supposed to
close came into the office while the
committee was counting. I told
Alexander about them and he objected to counting them. The ballots camo from Camp 17, Ocean
Falls. Two parcels of ballots had
been sent from this office to Camp
17, but had failed to reach the
camp. Tho last lot was sent by
registered mall which got through.
It was no fault of the men tn that
camp that they did not receive the
ballots In time to get them here as
early as they otherwise would have
done; and why should they not be
counted? Do we want to drag aU
the formality of bourgeois proce-
Fellow-worker Reed in the chair.
Minutes of the previous meeting
read and adopted.
Organizer Alexander reported
that acting upon the request of
some members, he had visited
Whonnock and Investigated the
strike there. The men who were
working as strikebreakers thought
that the strike could be settled by
the officials of tho union, but he
had pointed out that only those
who participated In the strike could
settle it. The men who were on
strike were of the opinion that they
still had a chance to wtn. The
strikebreakers were not able to get
out the quantity of logs they should
do and the union men would not
go back while the scabs remained
on the Job.   Report accepted.
Secretary Winch reported on behalf of the central executive board
that Fellow-workers Higgins and
Simpson had agreed to stay ln the
East and do some organizing, but
were finding it exceedingly difficult.
The French organizers who had
been put on in the East had not
proven satisfactory, as they had
been informing the workers that
all they had to do was to take out
a card and when they got organized
the union would send a man to get
tho conditions for them.
Fellow-worker Grieder was organizing among the camps at Nelson and Penticton on his way back
from Port Arthur. ■
. The central executive had made
arrangements for two pages ln the
Swedish paper that was being published in Winnipeg. Arrangements were being made to secure
a course of lessons on economics
and social evolution which would
be published in the official papers.
These lessons could be taken up in
the camps and it was hoped to get
some local fellow-worker to answer
any questions which might arise, in
camp, relating to these lessons.
Report received.
Financial report given in detail
Bal. on hand Sept. 23 13,737.89
Receipts  2,801.37
Expenditures  $4,336.01
Bal. on hand Oct. 7 $2,202.75
Report received and referred to
Fellow-worker Alexander report*
ed on the O. B. U. convention at
Port Arthur, and read at considerable length from the minutes of
the convention.
. On motion the report of the
O. B. U. credentials committee was
laid over until next meeting.
Moved: "That the secretary of
the O. B. U. be asked to state In
writing from what source he received his authority to state that
the basts of representation to the
O. B. U. convention would be determined by thc amount of per
capita that the various units had
paid, as stated in the convention
call; and that this* meeting would
appreciate his presence at the next
meeting."   Carried.
Meeting adjourned at 6:30 p.m.
In the past labor organizations
were more of a "friendly beneflt"
nature than a militant body striving to get better job conditions,
consequently the form of address
used between members was In
keeping. Solemn, and sometimes
blood-curdling, oaths and rituals
were used in the Initiation of members or installing of officials, the
whole being intended to weld them
together into the status of a family
relationship. Thus the term
"brother" was applied between
members. The term "fellow-
worker" now much ln vogue, Ib undeniably more appropriate than
either "brother" or "comrade,"
recognizing as It does the fundamental basis of association "on the
Job"—fellow-workers in producing
surplus profits for a parasitic class;
fellow-workers with common Interests, and, at the same time, antagonism, which are inevitably associated with their relationship at
that point. Interests which they
combine to advance, antagonisms
which they endeavor to remove.
"An Injury to one Is an injury to
all." But Is the use of the latter
phrase as much cant and humbug
as the use of the terms "brother"
and "comrade"?
In view of tho activities of certain individuals to find and enlarge
upon unimportant points of disagreement, and, consequently, an
Ignoring of the bigger Issues upon
which there Ib a common agreement, no other conclusion ts possible than that the degree of solidarity which ts essential before the
workers as a whole can take united
and confident action to deal with
the big questions with which they
are confronted as a class, has not
yet been reached.
Is lt not time that those organizations and workers who accept
the class struggle as the basis of
their activities should get together
upon at least Bome common working basis?
Not only ls this possible but tt ls
an essential, for the organized
workors are about to be faced with
an attack from the capitalist class
which none of them are In a position to meet alone and survive-
In entering into such an agreement the flrst essentials a,re unity
dure Into a worker's union? Do
we want to hang on to Bome more
of tho fossilized Ideas of the past,
and disfranchise some men, because, through no fault of their
own, the ballots had not
got into the camp In time for them
to reach this office earlier? The
man who objected to counting
them cither had some motive for
refusing or else his brnin was so
steeped in the morals and ethics of
capitalism that he was incapable of
conceiving a new idea. The committee agreed to count them, so did
I, and for that act, as well as for
all others, I'm ready to face all
Like Alexander, I might all that
I cannot conscientiously ask members to join the Q. B. U. while that
central office* Is fighting the lumber workere; but like the credential committee, I'll hold that for a
trump card and when Gabriel's
trumpet sounds I'll bc on deck to
play that card and probably also
state various other things.
Open Letter.
Open letter to the membership
of the Lumber & Camp Workers'
Industrial Union of tbe One Big
Union, from the members working
at the Beaver Cove Lumber & Pulp
Co., Camp 2, Beaver Cove, B. C.
Fellow Workers: A few questions
and remarks on the O. B. U. oonvention, held at Port Arthur.
What is the reason that Fellow
Workers Wfnch, Cowan and Nell
refused to answer the questions put
by the credential committee, when
Wtnch was chairman of the O. E.
B. of the One Big Union that appointed them for that purpose?
Answer by general secretary-
treasurer1: The flrst reason waa because the credential committee had
■tated they wanted to apportion the
votes of the delegates according to
districts on the basis of the membership upon which they had paid
per capita. This would automatically have ruled out Cowan and
Neil, who were from districts.that
had never been In a flnanclal condition to pay per capita. The question involved was Immediately put
up to all lumber' workers' delegates.
Their reasons for action taken are
given tn report, given In The Federatlonist of Oct 8.
Who authorized the credential
for a substitute for Fellow Worker
C. L, Smith, who was absent?
Answer: There was no substitute
appointed in place of C. L. Smith.
Who authorized the election of
O. t., U. delegates by districts?
Answer: A copy of the .convention call received from the O. B.
U. office was sent to each district
office, with the request to know
what action they proposed to take.
The Coast convention elected eight
delegates; Cranbrook, Prince
George, Sudbury, elected one each,
notifying the gener'al secretary-
treasurer of their action.
Who authorized the christening
of the L. & C. W. I. U. a unit of
the O. B. U., vide official notices,
L. & C. W. I. Unit of the O. B. U.?
Who Is responsible for same?
Answer: What christening li referred to?    In other words, what
of purpose, respect for Its undertakings, and a self-disciplined
membership. ,
In the past when a step along
this line was taken by two organizations having much in common,
certain Irresponsible Individuals
took tt upon themselves to repudiate the terms ot the agreement
and disrupt the entente cordiale,
with beneficial results to no one
but their common enemy, the boss.
An agreement made between organizations with the consent of the
members must be observed by the
Individuals in each camp. He that
does otherwise Is not only a traitor
to his organization, but to the
working class movement as a
It was Intended by certain delegates to the Port Arthur convention who were not seated, to bring
up this question and endeavor to
move along these UneB. The matter must now be approached
through other channels. The lumber workers as an industrially organized body are of sufficient
strength to make such a move on
their part worth while, and have
considerable Influence upon the
movement as a whole. Thetr next
convention is ln January, and
delegates can easily attend Instructed to support or oppose a
proposal to the effect "that action
be taken, to bring about united
action by all working-class organizations wfilch have aB their basis
the recognition of the class nature
of society and whose ultimate objective is the abolition of the wages
This, If carried, will be a step
toward finding out if the Interests
tri~common are not of much greater importance than tho differences
In structure and tactics.
It may then be found that what
one means by "forming the structure of the new society within the
sheU of the old" Is the same principle differently expressed by those
who want to organize "according to
claflB needs," or to "advance and
maintain their social and economic
What do TOU mean by "Workers of the World, Unite"?
If you ean ignore the differences
of race, color or creed, surely you
can ignore petty differences such
ai the name of an organization,
the color of a card or the form of
Realize "you have nothing to
lose but your chains and a world
to gain."
E. Johnson, pelose communicate
with Coast district headquarters,
Immediately.   Important.
Dave Massey, Camp 7, wants to
know the whereabouts of Bert
Harkness. WIU any one ablo to do
so please forward the Information?
Any one knowing the whereabouts of Alex. Wels, last heard ot
at Kingsgate, B. C., January, 1910.
Please communicate with his
brother, Joe Weia, Box 82, Prince
George, B. C.
Information desired of Victor
Holckanen, communicate with
Coast District,headquarters. Brother John makeB Inquiries.
J. Strahlinsky and Roy Carnegie
to communicate with the Coast
Alex. Dzcstn was accidentally
killed at Camp 12, Port Alice.
Thero Is a letter in the offlce for
Frank Joffrios, marked "Forward
at onco."
E. Hell, H1120, communicate
with Coast District offlco Immediately.
P. A. Vlgner, V120; F. G. Powell, James McLaughlin, H, Chalender, K. C. 130; John D. Marr, John
Williams, Alf Malund, M211, and
particular official notice?
What reasom had Delegate
Alexander for sitting In convention
when the rest of the delegate! rec
fused?     •
Answer: See report of credential
committee in The Federatlonist ot
Oct, 8, and Del. Alexander's report
in Federatlonist of Oct 29, which
he haa requested be published.
Why did the L. A C. W. I. Union
offer to pay per capita in Port Arthur?
Answer*. In an endeavor to satisfy the objections of tflose who opposed them being seated on the
full basis they claimed, and as a
means of removing their quibbles
ae to the interpretation of the con*
Who signed credentials for dele*
gates to O. B. U. convention?
Answer: R. Higgins, ae chalrmai
of executive, and E. Winch, ae general secretary-treasurer.
Was Fellow Worker Winch elect,
ed by Cranbrook convention ol
Answer: By men ln campa 8m
details of same in The Federation-
Ist of Oct. 8.
How could men elected by dl*
tricts be expected to represent aa
Industrial union?
Answer: As no Instructions were
were given any of the delegates by
the particular member! who participated ln thetr election, and aa the
general convention of Lumber
Workers is, falling any specific action by the membership to the con*
trary, the representative body ol
mouthpiece of the organisation af
a whole, and ae every district had
unrestricted right and opportunity
to be represented at the July convention, which went on record by
a vote of 46 to 19 ln favor of maintaining-the Industrial form of organisation, and by an almost unanimous vote In favor of forming a
department, and as every dlstriot
that sent delegates to Port Arthur,
also had delegates at Vancouver ln
July, the stand taken by the ten
delegates was the only logical one
for them to take, for had they acted contrary to what they did, they
could then have been charged with
repudiating the decisions of their
July general convention.
How many districts of the L. ft
C. W.,1. Union have their per capita paid up?
Answer: One at present; usually
Why ls the general membership
disfranchised from the O. B. U.?
Who authorized same?
Answer: The general membership Ib not and never hae been disfranchised, unless the fact that the
delegates were not elected by a
general referendum vote li taken
aa disfranchisement, or the action
of the Port Arthur credential committee ls deemed to be such In view
of their intention to seat the Lumber Workers' delegates on a reduced basis.
The above are a few of the questions that occur to the members of
this camp, and the following are a
few observations on the past:
The certificate published in The
Federationist distinctly states that
we are an Industrial union, and
does not mention the world unit
The membership was disfranchised at the O. B. U. convention held
at Winnipeg, as we had only three
delegates present, and tf the policy
and officials elected at that convention did hot suit the L. A C. W. L
U„ how is it that we only hear ol
It now?
The only thing that we could de
was to fulfill the obligations that
we undertook when we adopted the
preamble and constitution of tho
O. B. V„ and should have left no
loop-holes for the officials to doublo
cross us at Port Arthur. But there
seems to be nothing but chicanery
and Labor intrigue among the responsible parties, and the only remedy Is action swift and sure by the
If there were n0 holes for them
to crawl through, our delegates, according to their Intelligence and
voting strength, could have changed the policy and officials of the
0. B. U. at Port Arthur, but ae
long as we persisted ln letting our
policy be determined by Individuals, who do not suffer from an overdose of conscience, we can not expect any other result. If instead
of the wire pulling and labor politics we had a clashing of opinions
and Ideas at the O. B. U. conventions on the problems of the working class and how to organize them
into a militant labor organization,
wo would make a lot more progress, but wc know from paat experience of the L. & C. W. I. U„
that they will soon clean up the
Port Arthur mess.
The following Ih nn Idea on the
solution of thu trouble. A committee from thc L. & C. W. I. U.
meet a committee from the O. B.
U., both committees to be composed of members timt are neither officials of the L. & C. W. I. U. or O.
B. U. convention.
We have^heard so often about
the rank and file, now ls the time
to take up thla question and discuss it In camp and any ideap, questions or trouble have them signed by
the delegate and camp committee,
and have them published In The
FederationiBt, for the beneflt of the
What we want Is swift action, In
order to sufcKuard tho organization
In tlie future.
We d0 not place any blame on
the delegates from the L. A C, W.
1. U to tho O. B. U. convention,
but consider that they have been
dealt a dirty hand from a cold dock
and they have our sympathy for
having a trip into that part of Canada that ts void of scenery and
Ideas, for nothing.
H. W. McKnlght, Delegate.
Stanley Turner,  Camp Co.
Snlo  Wnrtininen, "
Alex. Cochrane, "
In view of tht' extent of thc cor-
roqiondcnce on th:* subject that
lms already appeared, aud that Uie
matter Is now In the hands nf the
membership, no furthor corrcKpon-
delicti on this subject from officials
or Individual mcmlrt'n. will be pub*
llshcd. Expressions of opinion ol
tho rank anil file as mado by units,
of cnmp meeting! only, will bo pr"
llshcd. *AGETffim
Vwblfth tbar. no! 44   T__ BRITISH COLUMBIA" FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. a
iRIDAf." .....Ootober 29,  1920
Published ever/ Friday morning by The B. 0.
. FederationiBt, Limited
Offlce:   Room 1, Victoria Block, .342 Pender
Street West
Telephone "Seymour 5871.
Bubscribtion Bates: United States and Foreign,
38.00 per year; Canada, $2.60 per year, $1.50
for six months; to Unions subscribing in a
body, 16c per member-per month.
Unity of Labor: The Hopo of the World
 October 29, 1920
ALL down through the ages the ruling
olass psychology has been very similar. This is only natural, as the function
of any ruling class in society is to rule
and rob a subject class. Working-class
psychology has, how-
BOME ever, changed, as the
PARALLELS methods of producer HISTORY tion have changed.
The changes in the
viewpoint of the workers can easily be
followed through the pages of history,
and the reasons for the changes noted.
Por centuries the ruling class has by propaganda set up shibboleths that have been
blindly followed by the people. It is true
that the underdog has often revolted, but
it is also true that the oppressed have
largely accepted as the truth, the things
that the ruling class has set forth as be-
. tng for their good. Turning to the pages
of Tom Johnston's history of the working
classes in Scotland, numerous parallels
can be found in the platitudious utterances of the ruling class during tbe 15th,
16th, 17th and 18th centuries to those that
are uttered today, and in view of the
miners' strike in the old land, it will not
be amiss to refer to the opinion that the
coalmasters of 1674 had of the slaves that
they employed. We find that the coal-
masters of Glasgow were tormented with
the "rising" wages. "Their hewers had
exorbitant wages, and had the intolerable
impudence to refuse to work more than
four days in every six; they also exacted
full wages at seed time and harvest and
spent their idle days in drinking." Compare these words with the utterances of
the government pf Great.Britain and th*
coalmasters of today, in which the miners
ere condemned for sabotaging on the job,
and retarding production, and it will be
found that there is little difference between the viewpoint of the ruling class
of today and that of centuries ago.
* * * •
Not only does the psychology of the
ruling class of the early days coincide
.with that of the ruling class today on
matters of industry, but the same viewpoint on political matters is still held by
the ruling class as was held hundreds of
years ago. It may be true that the expressions are not quite as brutally frank,
and are more or less camouuflaged by talk
of democracy, yet the same concept of
property rights is held. Turning again
to Johnston's historical work, we find in
the eighteenth century, that Lord Cock-
burn, a whig leader, made the following
"So long as property, upon which
our whole system has long been
founded, shall continue to return the
House of Commons, I shall not despair, but if the elective qualification
shall ever be reduced so low that ths
property element is 'made merely
nominal, and a greatly increased proportion of that House shall be return-
- ed by mere population,! fear that our
boasted constitution,must Soon sink'
into that democracy which seems to
be the natural result of every govern-.
ment where the people have become
politically free."
Evidently the premier of this country
. Aas the same concept as that held by Lord
Cockburn, when his utterances concerning the farmers and lahor activities on
political lines are considered.
» ¥ *
While property qualifications are not
necessary in the larger political field, yet
they still reign < supreme in municipal
affairs, and the ruling class concept of
property is still the Bamo. Unruly slaves
arc still thrown into jail, and property
and profits arc still the be all and end all
of the capitalistic system, and human
"rights" sink into insignificance when
compared with the sacredness of capitalistic property, as is evidenced on every
occasion when the property rights of the
ruling class, in the means of wealth production, arc assailed by the working class.
The worker even in those early days had
commenced to see the inequalities that existed, and blindly groping in the dark,
recognized that property was sacred and
human liberty a negligible quantity. Just
as today, the middle class also had its
grievances; the small fry who had the
handing over of the taxes, wailed and revolted against "unjust" taxation, never
realizing tnat those that have the power
have the right not only to tax, but to enslave the people of the earth.
* * •      «
'As the judiciary of today interprets the
. laws of the ruling class, so the judges
in the early days gave their rulings in
accord with the concepts of the ruling
class then in power, and strange as it
may appear, they were not unsimilar to
.the words uttered in court at Winnipeg
when the striko leaders wero being tried.
Lord Braxfleld, in summing up in the
trial of Thomas Muir, considerably over
a century ago, said:
"Is the panel .guilty of sedition or
is he not? Now, before this question
can be answered, two things must bo
attended to that require no proof.
First, that the British constitution 'is
' the best that ever was since the Creation of the world, and it is not possible to make it better. For is not every
man secure? Does not every man
reap the fruit of his own industry
and sit safely under his own fig treel
Then Mr. Muir had gone among ignorant country people, making them
forget their own work, and told them
that a reform was absolutely neces--
sary for preserving their liberty,
which, if it had not been for him,
they would never have thought was
in danger. I do not doubt that this .
will appear to the jury, as it does to
me, to be sedition."
;   I    V * *
Compare the above with ths following
extract from Justice Metcalfe's, summing
up in Winnipeg and it will be seen how
the old viewpoint still retains its hold on
the dispensers of ruling class justice:
"Words differ widely from writings in point of real meaning and
proper evidence. They are often the
effect of mere heat of blood which in
some natures, otherwise well disposed, carry a man beyond the bounds of
decency or prudence. They ar*
sometimes liable to misconstruction
from the ignorance and inattention
and defective recollection of the hearers. Since the time beyond memory
of man sedition has been an offence
against the common law of England.
It is an offence against the government, which by our constitution is
lawfully established by the people. It
is a serious offence agaihst the con-
- stitution which we have been in the
habit of considering the best birthright which our ancestors left us, and
which, with such constitutional improvements as may from time to time
occur, is the most valuable inheritance which we can transmit to posterity. Now that every man and
woman will have the vote it may well
be contended that all changes in the
interest of the people, whether in the
constitution or the laws, may be
readily brought about in a constitutional manner; and that any other
method may place upon the whole
people a new yoke and a greater oppression than we have yet endured.
When we consider the benefits daily
conferred upon our peoplo by the
British Constitution, the crowning
effort of centuries of bloodshed and
sacrifice; it should fill the hearts of
all British subjects with gratitude
' that God has seen fit to place them
within the jurisdiction of that constitution; and they should righteously
guard and prevent its destruction by
unlawful means."
» » »
A comparison of Muir's words uttered
at that trial, with   those   uttered   by
Pritchard at Winnipeg, is also enlightening. Muir expressed himself as follows:
"I am careless and indifferent to
my fate. I can look danger and I can
look death in the face, for I  am
shielded by the consciousness of my
own rectitude.  I may be condemned
to"' languish in the  recesses  ef  a
dungeon, I may be doomed to ascend *
the scaffold; nothing can deprive me
of the recollection of the past—nothing can destroy my inward peace,of
mind arising from the remembrance
of having discharged my duty."
Pritchard's position was summed up in
the following passage:
"And standing before you now, on
the threshold of the parting of the
ways, one path leading, maybe, to the
concrete-bound and iron-clad obscurity of the penitentiary and the other
leading out to life, to comparative
liberty, to wife and children and such
home as a workingman may possess, I
want t» tell you, gentlemen, standing
at that point, with a mind clear to
myself and before my fellows, I can
say truthfully: "I have done nothing of which I am ashamed; I have
said nothing for which I feel I need
apologize,' Gentlemen, in sb far as
my poor self is concerned, this case is
in your hands. I am satisfied. And
in parting, let me tell you that what I
have'done, I have done, and in stating
that I want you to carry this with
you as coming from the innermost
recesses of my being. What I have
done, I have done in good-faith, in "
sincerity, and, from my own standpoint, from th* purest of motives. I
thank you, gentlemen, for the patience you have shown in listening to
me for this last two days."
* * *
Turning from ruling-class psychology
to the outlook of the workers, we flnd as
the agriculturists were divorced from the
land that the slaves revolted against the,
inequalities that existed. They sought to
remove the political power that property
gave to the owners. Later, as thoy wero
driven into the cities, and became industrialized, and exploited in the mills and
factories, they had a new cry. It was a
fair day's pay for a fair day's work. They
organized into unions. They were persecuted by .the ruling class on every hand.
Bobbed at the point of production, {Sey
were treated as slaves politically, until
the rising bourgeoise elass needed their
votes to free the new methods of production from the restrictions of the landed
aristocracy, that wielded almost supreme
political power. A measure of political
freedom was given the workers only becauso it suited the ruling class. Free
education was found necessary so that the
workers could be fitted to carry on capitalistic production. This naturally resulted in the workers acquiring the ability to read and write, and to understand
their relation to the system under whioh
they were exploited, and to set down thoir
thoughts in connection with working,
class problems, until today they are becoming wise enough to realize that there
is only onc problem beforo the workers,
and that is, the freeing of themselves
from capitalistic wage slavery, which is
only in degree different from any*otlier
kind of slavery, be it foudal serfdom, or
chattel slavery. While we still have labor
misrepresented who have many shibboleths that a number of workers still blindly follow, such as "labor is not a commo
dity," "the sanctity of agreements,".and
such like platitudious utteranoes oi capitalistic apologists disguised as labor
leaders, a new slogan is becoming adopted
by the workers which spells the destruction of the present system. It iB, "The
World for the Workers," and the abolition of the class ownership of the means
of wealth production.
«-        » *
The present ruling class, however; still
retains the control of the minds of a large
number of the people by suoh cries as
were used during the war, amongst
which were: "The rights of small nations," "A land fit for heroes to live in,"
"Democracy," "Martyred Belgium,"
"The fair name of France," and "The
honor of the nation." Yet during the time
that the soldiers of this country were
fighting for "democracy" in France and
Belgium, the rights of nations to determine their own actions was ruthlessly set
aside by the Allies. Russia was blockaded,
and even alliances were made with the
enemy in order to break the new order
in that country. While the troops were
fighting to secure freedom from military
domination, militarism was fastened upon
the people, and the last vestageB of ruling
class political democracy was wiped out
of existence and "freedom" was raped.
A parallel can be found to such ruling
class activities in the early days, as is
pointed out by Johnston when he quotes
McKenzie in his Highland clearances, "At
the very, hour that Nana Sahib was being
crushed and Cawnpore taken by the 78th
regiment, the fathers, mothers and children of the 78th were being evicted within
a few miles of Dunrobin castle." Liberty,
|"democracy and all such platitudious and
meaningless phrases have no weight with
the ruling class when their interests are
at stake. Property must be defended.
Human liberty cannot exist while any
class holds the title deeds to the means
of wealth production, and the ruling
class itself has demonstrated to the working class just how much "liberty" and
"democracy" are worth. That the ruling
class has always had a similar viewpoint with regard to its slaves is demonstrated with great clarity by Tom Johnston in his work, although he did not
point this fact out. But tho working
class psychology has changed, and by
that change the class struggle becomes
clearer every day, and the workers must
study their position from works'- that
deal with things as they are and Ivere,
and not from works written to bolster
up thc waning power of the present ruling class. With the revolution takiji pr
definite shape, the penny-dreadful' aiid
such type of literature should bc tlirown
in the dustbin, and the wealth of working class literature searched fori fhe
truth, for the truth will set tho -workers:
free. -   ;
Thc department of the study bf*jevo-
lutionary movements of the Nalfnal
Civic Federation, with-which Sam f§>in-
pers is connected, sent a letter of enquiry
to what are termed representative citizens of the U. S. A. asking thc following
What are the rights and duties of
parents in the education of their
own children? What are the responsibilities of the ehurch-momber
and the citizen in the contribution
of moneys to philanthropic and charitable organizations .vmder whose
shelter and through whose machinery revolutionary propagandists dis-
sen/lnate their doctrines? And what
is the responsibility of tho business
man advertising in periodicals which
advocate and propagate radicalism
contrary to our American ideals and
Mr Daniel J. Tobin, general president
of tho International Brotherhood of
Teamsters and Chauffeurs, had amongst
a lot of other nonsense, the following
to say: *
When men pay out money for advertising space in publications that
are continually printing articles
which attack the principles of our
great country and are endeavoring
to promote radicalism, such as we
find in Russia and other European
countries, they are helping to plant
radicalism and to destroy the principles for which our fathers fought
and died.
And the workera pay big salaries to
such men for having '^brains" enough to
write such piffle. •
If Premier Meighen docs not think
there are any classes in this country, why
on earth does he line up with that section
of the community that denounces every
other section of tho population? There
may not be any difference betwee^i-the
big financial magnates of this co atry
and the unemployed citizen, but wc [jes-
tion whether the jobless slave thinks {hat
way. jj
—, .
As a proof that women have dual
rights with men, we note that S flvia
Pankhurst has been given six montl i for
sedition. Never mind, Sylvia, you i ;in
good company, all people that were i i advance have been persecuted by ignoi i ice.
As George Bernard Shaw said win f he
was asked to visit Americs, "all the ico-
ple that I would^iikc to meet are in g > il."
Will the Premier please tell his audience tonight just why that Lemon Robertson was ever selected as minister of
labor. Surely it was not on account of his
'' tremendous "brain power. But then we
might also ask how on earth he ever made
the grade himself.
There may bo no classes, but the gov-
eminent evidently docs not like certain
people or Pritchard and his comrades
would not bc in goal. Needless to say we
havo no use for those that put them there.
Attention, Mr. Calder. Why the influx
of Asiatics in view of th* number of unemployed?
The Passing of
the Old Religion
(By J. S. Woodsworth)
ALL OUR social institutions
grow out of our everyday experlenoe. We look out upon
life through glasses colored hy the)
contacts which we—or our ancestors—havt had with th». world
about uv »
Religion, then) as all other' Ideas
and institutions, ls not a fixed thlpg
but subject to the universal law of
change which we call evolution.
As the human race passed from the
hunting stage, to the pastoral and
on to the agricultural, there came
a corresponding ohange in the Idea
and'worship of Ood. God was regarded as successively a mighty
hunter; a shepherd, a husbandman,
the aristocrat of the universe.
What is he is an age of machine
The Christian religion Itself has
been through the ages subject to*f
constant change. Forgetting its
proletarian origin, It grew under
Constantlne Into a powerful stato
religion. Throughout the middle
ageq lt "converted the heathen,"
only to be Itself converted into
heathenism. Few will deny that
the nationalistic, communistic, Individualistic • type of Christianity
which we call Protestantism ls vest-
ly different from the Catholicism
of the middle ages. Even the so-
called evangelical churches are
changing under our very eyes.
Is the Old Time Religion an ade-
Worklng Men and Women
Why d0 we have idle and half-
idle production plants?
Why do we have hard times and
unemployment in the midst of Immense resources, high productive
efficiency and plenty of unsatisfied
Why ls there a discrepancy between the wages of labor and tho
value of Labor's product?
What Is- the .source of labor's
poverty and capitalist accumulation of wealth?
These questions, and others like
them traverse the foundations of
your life and the life of society as
a whole. They contain within
them the real problems of tho
working class. Can you answer
them—-Intelligently ?
If not, attend the S. F. of C. educational classes. They are free and
all are welcome. Watch out for
commencejnent date of beginners'
economic class.
The heed of the hour, the cry
goes out is for* more and piorc intelligence in the service of tho
working olass movement.
quate expression of the aspiration
of the man who has grown up under* the influence of modern scientific knowledge and In the complex
social life which has developed
since thf industrial revolution? The
religion taught thftt God was "up
there" above and apart from the
world. Is such a dualism" tenable
today? According to the old religion, man ls Inherently bad. The
only way J:o save him is by repressive measures or by some mysterious transference of the merit of
vicarious suffering. Surely no one
with any knowledge of history' or
anthropology or psychology can
seriously hold such a belief.
In the old time religion, the earlier superstition and fatalism was
sublimated Into a trust in a mysterious providence—the possibility
of happiness was transferred to a
future world. Today we have
learned the laws of cause and effect, * We believe we can largely
decl^ what will take place and we
don't wif*h the golden age postponed till after we are dead!
The old time religion was Individualistic. The greatest thing in life
was to save your own precious soul.
Today we live in a social age. The
modern prophets are so Intent on
bringing nearer the co-operative
commonwealth that they don't
worry very much about their own
precious souls. Our own salvation
—that ls, safety—is bound up with
the safety of society. As the boys
say, "do you get that?"
Next Sunday evening at Ponder
Hall (corner Pender* and Howe),
at 8 o'clock, we will discuss what
some one has called-"The Religion
of the Open Mind."
Be sure to notify the post office
M soon as you change your address.
Phont Seymour 2492
Rex Beacii's Famous I>rnma
Next Woek
A GUnipso of Old Russia
Other 3tK Feature. 	
S. P. OP 0, 401 PENDER ST. E.
Economic class every Sunday- afternoon, commencing at
3 o'clock.
History class every Thursday evening, commencing at
. 8 o'clock.
An Elementary Economic Class for beginners will be
commenced shortly.
These classes are of paramount interest and necessity to
the working class, .and are conducted and assisted by
thoroughly competent instructors.
There Is a Spot-
in Vancouver to which all sensible men should flirect thcir
attontion—and themselves. That spot is The'Walker and
Robinson, Ltd., Custom Tailoring establishment at 625
Pender St. West. Here you can secure genuine custom-
built Suits and Overcoat! at fair prices. Here you can obtain the maximum of valuo in make and material, perfect
stylo and personal service. Here you get imported woollens—direct from the leading mills of Britain—built into
Suits to your individual measure at ,
$45, $50, $60 and $75
Walker and Robinson
Juat Gait of
Rogcre Building.
High-Class Tailoring
(Union Shop)
We Appreciate
Your Business
If you are out of the city and require anything in our
line a letter to us will get you the information you require.
Free Delivery to any part of the Province.
Men's Overcoata—Special
Men'i Mackinaw Coat Special
Caraa all-wool Pants $10.00
(I consider these pant! better than^ Mackinaw, both for,
wear and water.)
Men'a Heavy   Ribbed   Underwear, $4.00 ault.
■Fleeced Wool Underwear,
$5.00 suit.
Men's   Ribbed   Comblnatlona,
$3.00, $4.50, $0.50
Stanflold'a Brown Underwear,
Block Label, $10.00 suit.
Our stock of Work Gloves
la the best and cheapest la
Bob   Long's   Horsdhlde   Rigging Glove*, ft.ot
18 and 20 Oordova Street Weit
444 Main Street
Allan's Diamonds
Are Fully Guaranteed
Onr guarantee means something. It >la
backed up by expert knowledge of Diamond
values and by a house whioh values iti
standing ln this community.
All our Diamonds are first-water stones, else
they would not flnd a place in our col
Prospective buyers are greatly helped tl
tbelr selection through the aervloe our export Diamond salesmen are able to give.
A Diamond IS what we say it II.
Ihe House ol Diamonds
480-480 Granville Street
At Corner Pender
Excellent quality, perfect
fitting, correct articulation, pleasing appearance,
skilled attention, features
of .dentistry at
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Denial Art Parlors
805 Granville Street
Open evenings between 8 and ■
Oor. Bobaon, Over Owl Drug Stort
Phono Seymour 6298
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
0. J.. Mengel
Writes all classes of Insurance.
Representing only first-clan
Board companies. If Insurance
la wanted, write or phone Ssy.
Office   address,   308-0   Winch
Building, Vancouver, B. 0.
Matineo -. 3:30
Evenings : 8:20
Ring tip Phone Seymonr 2354
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite 301 Dominion Building
OHIO. Hoan:   It to 13 a.m., 3 te I
Om.   ETenlngi:  T t> 0 p.m. kindly, Wednesday aai Friday.
Phone Say, tin.
Dr. Willard Coates
Chiropractor aal Bru|l.u PhyiMin
(Successor to Dr. John Oray)
St-31-33 P. Barns Bldf., II Hasina
St.. W., Vancouvor, B. 0.
(Between Pantages Theatr. and B. 0.
 I. B. Station)
Phone Sey. 331     Day or Night {
531 Homer St, Vniieouver,*B. C I
llto aooriia stmt
Sunday aarvlcoa, 11 ajn. aad T.St f JO.I
Sunday achool immediately foUewtal]
morning oerrlo.. Wedneaday ImiUmbImI
meeting, a 'p.m. fre.. reading let^l
101901  Blrlta  Bldg. '
.     PUBLISHBES,     Sll.
Union nfflolali, wilt, for prlc.  We
lira dATISMOTlOJI    *
Hours:   10-1! a.m., 1-6 p.m.
Evening! I-t, Mon., Wed., FrL
Dr. Edgar W. Moore
403-404-405 Carter. Cotton Bldg.
Hastings and Cambie Sta.
Phone Sey. 3853
Funeral Directors
and Embalmera
Funerals of Dignity at IWr
Falrvlew: Office and Chapel,
—0» Oranvllle Street
Phone Bay Slot.
North Vancouver: Offlee and
Chapel, 12S Sixth St. W.
Phone N. V. 1S4.
Mount Pleasant;   Offloe onl
Chapel, 2183 Main Sb
Phone Fairmont OS.
1« Hastlngi St. B.
0. B. U. OAU
Patronise Thoie Wko Patronise T«l
IT la aa onormouo taak today far m
manufacturer! of telephone equli* fl
ment to maintain an adequate oaV _§
pnt. Thty are away behind la their
ordera, owing ta chorion, of workora,
raw material!, Inefficient transport!,
tton and other camel. Ia th. meantime, Central ll supplying eervle. witk
the meana at hor disposal, Sh. Is
working harder than over, realiilaf
that th. telephone ia a gnat factor
in sooial and bnilnen lit*. T. het
belong, the credit of aisuming greater
burden! because of shortage of equipment. When yoa telephone, think at
het and wbat aha li doing,
British Colombia Telephoned). |
M.F. EBY,B.A.,M.B.|
Swedish Massage, Badlant Heat sal {
Electrical Treatment! ef all Had*
Pheae Bay S7T0L,  Houra 3 te 11_i |
Take Ban Uae Oar
Phoae Say. 1171. t. Paaraaa 1
Hot and Oold Water—Stum Heat— \
Roomi Under New Management
Buffet ud lunch  Counttr la Ooa
Make yonr homo ther* whilo la tm. i
Don't Be a Drudge!
La  Salle  Extension   University '
(Homo Study) often   yon  the '
chanco you need for complete
training In Traffic Managements
Higher Accountancy, Salesmanship and other Special conn
that mean Higher Salaries.
Either sex.  Any nge,  Convenient terms. Write or call for litoraturo.   Dlstriot ofllce:
Phone Sey. 1751
Olve a little encouragemint ti|
eur advertiser* FRIDaV..7.„. .October it, iiit
For the next ten days we are offering our highest priced overcoats at great reductions to clear.
See Windows for These
Special line English Slip-on Rain Goats, values
$13.60 to clear. There are 100 am q*
of these; all sizes -~, «p / »5J«J
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's and Boys' Clothiers
2 Stores
A Son's Letter to His Father
In olden tlmei lt used to be "A
Father'a Letter to Hli Son." Not
lo today. R. P. Pettipiece Is thli
week ln receipt of the following
letter (not Intended for publication) from his ion C. W.t
"Dear Dad: Have felt thli
spasm coming on for some time,
and now that lt hai arrived, really
don't know what lt all will be
about before I finish. But having
again .become saturated with the
gross stupidity of the working stiff
—those In this territory coming under my observation In particular—
I feel that unless I get a few
thoughts, advised or Ill-advised, off
my chest the worst may happen—
I may become entirely a cynic and
believe indeed thi world la mad
but me—and be not so sure of my-
»     a     .
Having Just quit a "Job" on thi
pretense—reality, in fact—that It
consisted of too many hours 'and
Insufficient 'returns for labor expended, have been musing on the
editorials .contained in the rag, a
Uttle two-by-four layout. Not that
thi editorial! were deeply Intellectual, Instructive, or for that
mattor, humorous, but Just that the
uttor void "of brains required to
write such bunk reflects the mind
of the working stiff of this country
as I see them with my limited
knowledge ot Thi Bay. **
I     •     •
Thia little iheet Is publlihed
dally and circulated among the
"contented" slaves of Standard Oil
and various other "benefactors" ot
the same Uk, some leven or eight
thousand In thl! locality,
But to return to the editorials-
It really ls a shame to waste energy
and paper to mention them, but
for this purpose It shall be done,
with the full knowledge of a hard
winter, etc.
*.."'. .     I     .
Thli brilliant writer—well, I
can't flnd proper words to describe
him—so will say he even admlte he
was a parson for ten years. Hli
specialty Ii "brotherhood of man,"
"let's not be selfish;" get a Job at
17 a day, settle down in a mortgaged home, rear a beautiful family (more slaves) and let the rut
of the world go by. All thli to tha
tune of a phonograph and a picture
■how once a week. Beautiful picture.
Also a Bolshevik is a dirty animal with whiskers and an aversion
to water.   And, etc., and anon.
But the sad part of It all ls that
this damphool writer's name ls Hu-
lanlskl. which when brought to hts
Attention, brought forth in the next
day's rag, ln all earnestness, that,
of course, those of the terrible
Europeans who migrated to this
"great free Welt," or to America,
were all right
.     .'     e
And he gets away with Itl But
the following day a bomb blowa up
Wall Street and immediately, In
order to be consistent wtth the
amount of brains hi has, Hulanlskl
Get the
Love Habit!
BEDS, Etc., at coit. Our stock
Is Big ,and ao are our Bargain!, Watch our Auction
Snap!. Furniture Bought and
Love & Co.
Phone Seymour 2745      .
loudly  (blackface type)   demands
all alien* be deported.
• *     •
Alu, I knew a great waste of
good paper would result from this,
but to ease a conscience, It must be
said that only too truly doea the
foregoing describe the shallowness
of all things ln this country and
working plugs lu particular. Even
to the "labor" paper here, which
in the position it should hold,' ts
even worse than Hulanlskl's rant-
Have seen but One publication
here (which I have mislaid) that
le at all class-conscious. It is printed In Friaco as a left-wing Socialist paper; and generally speaking
is looked upon as "terribly" radical. ,
•'     •     *
By all this, X don't mean to construe that this country Is not
"unionised." Indeed, union cards
faithfully- adorn merchants' windows proclaiming retail clerks' organizations; and other crafts, too,
But more and more I can see nothing but futility ln "unions" as understood Industrially in this part
of the world. It was my fortune
(or misfortune) to witness a Labor
Day parade In Nevada, and as I
stood gazing at lt I was mentally
Impressed with the supreme absurdity of lt all—flaunting their
slavery as It proud of It Clean
overalls, too.
• •     •
But to cease promiscuous rambling for a moment. Having occasion to oross the bay to Frisco
from Oakland occasionally, I must
say It ia an Interesting character
study to one who can flnd sufflclent
time to look at lt thusly; also lf
one Is sufficiently lazy to look at
the crowds that way.
The last trip I made was, perchance, on a boat whloh carried
shipyard workers from work ln
Oakland to Frisco.' This boat-also
connects with transcontinental
trains of the Southern Pacific. The
working stiffs all pack on the lower
deck, and the travellers, their overalls temporarily laid aside, with
graceful superiority, go aloft, these
rough "working men" seeming,
metaphorically, and In this case
literally, being beneath them. It ls
to laugh, this tragedy!
And when the good ship lands
the slaves (lower deck) make a
mad rush over the gang-plank like
t\ huge flock of sheep. Only that
the sheep I saw ln Nevada didn't
even rush—and were not rushed,
The rush off the boat of course
Is repeated both ways, but why the
human sheep ls so much more
eager to hurry to the slaughter ls
an old problem.
But to be perfectly human, lt Is
an Interesting experience.
• *     *
Well, dad, X am "afeared" this
outburst seemingly has no , beginning nor end, nor even an real object, but I ask you to suffer lt even
If only for my particular relief.
But to hand you a little bouquet, a
man wittvyour knowledge and best
of %U, the gift of imparting lt to
others, could and would create
even consternation to the multitudes here. I mean to say that although the "plugs" of, for instance,
British Columbia, are not all that
can be desired, still they are years
ahead of this "free" land of "liberty."—Liberty mocks their every
word and deed!
But let's not be altogether optimistic. Let's look forward to a
not-far-distant date when the
stupid working class of the United
States will be forced by the rest of
the awakening slaves—even of
Russia, despite the impassioned
warnings of the "Hulanlskls." O—•
at present Oreat Britain threatens
to teach a lesson, not to mention
Italy, and the Chinese, too, the poor
heathen, ls rapidly forging ahead.
All hall and more of It.
Rlohmond, Cal., Oct. 13.
This Is Message Brought
by Lincoln Steffens
* from Europe
(By Helen Augur, Staff Correspondent for the Federated Press)
New Tork—''In America, more
perhaps than ln any other country*
we must reopen our minds. It Is a
new world that we are living ln,
and old philosophies have gone to
pot. . We must revaluate our old
conceptions, and budge our stubborn conviction^ ln the light of
the revolutionary movement of Europe. Radicals and Liberals alike
must refuse to condemn what ls
happening, until they really per-
cellve what tt is."
This is the message brought to
the American workers by Lincoln
Steffens, veteran newspaper correspondent, from the old world which
he feels is undergoing a profound
change. Steffens lb baok for a
short stay in America, after four
yeara In Europe, during whloh he
visited Russia three tlmea—studying the Kerensky regime, the beginning of the Soviet system, and
Its development a year later*, Recently he has spent several months
.In Italy, and will soon return to
that country.
"The recent display of power on
the part of the Italian workers
was an outlaw movement, rather
than a real revolution," said Steffens, '"It was an attempt on the
part of a group of workers to put
through a scientific experiment In
factory control. It was not a great
spontaneous movement of the whole
people, as the Russian revolution
"TtM responsible leaden of the
Italian workers resisted the attempt because they wert sure it
would not succeed. They knew It
would fall because tho workers had
no coal. How could they carry on
industry without coal.? Also there
was grave danger of a blockade by
the capitalist nations, No, a revolution just then would have been a
sacrifice hit" *
The ^people of Italy are psychologically ready for a real revolution, said Steffens.
"When the army of a nation gets
to the stage of refusing to flre upon
the workers, a revolution Is almost
accomplished," Steffens declared.
"That Is what has happened ln
Italy more than once. On one
occasion the strikers actually fired
upon the soldiors, and although the
soldiers were ordered to begin
shooting, not a gun was rtlsed.
"Italy ls going to demonstrate
many things to us in the next few
months, Italians study what goes
*n tn Russia with the closest attention, ^hey check up on her ex.
pertinents, and avoid repeating her
mistakes. To watch the development of Italy's revolutionary tactics Is to watch Russia's formulas
filtered, revised, tested."
When through with this paper,
mum Hon.
Russell and His
Are to Serve Thcir Full Sentences. Thw mean* tbat
The Local Committee Has Also Incurred Some Expense
in Looking Aiter the Local Russians Under Order of Deportation,
Send Tour Contributions to A. 8. Wells, 842 Fender W.
Only Financial Blockade
Remains to Be
(By the Federated Press)
Soviet Russia has never been in
a stronger position than now, both
In het international relations and
In her economlo situation, ln the
opinion of George Tohltoherln,
commissar of foreign affairs, and
Ludwig C. A. K. Martens, Soviet
representative to the United States.
A radiogram just reoelved from
Tchltcherltf**eclares that now that
an armistice has been signed with
Poland, Russia is ready to make a
Strong offensive upon General Baron Wrangel on the south. He describes the food conditions in the
republic as greatly improved,
Martens, in a statement Issued
after the signing of tho Polish armistice, asserted that France's attempt to attack Soviet Russia
through Poland had collapsed permanently, and that Great Brattaln
was on the eve of an economic alliance with the Soviet Republic,
Tchltcherin's statement says that
the reports current ln Europe that
a new federation of states ln the
south would be formed under a
Keren sky-like government, with
the backing of the allies, had failed
to frighten Soviet Russia Into a
truce with Wrangel,
Hailing the peace ratified between Poland and Russia at one
of the Soviet Republic's greatest
victories, Martens said that the
commercial blockade against Russia has now been completely lifted,
and only the financial blockade remains.
The treaty will open for Russian
commerce the port of LIbau in Lit-
via, which ls open all winter. The
only port formerly open to Russia
was. Reval, Esthonia, which Is
frozen during the winter months.
By a vote of 79 to 65 the Lettish constituent assembly has just
adopted an agrarian /reform law,
says a dispatch from Riga. Under
this law the big land holders wtll
be allowed to retain only an average sized farm, while the rest Is,
to be taken over by the state, with
compensation, and divided among
landless peasants on easy terms of
Tho prico of copies of Pritchard's addrefcs to the jury, Dixon's
address and tho history of the
AVtimtpcg btrike has been reduced
to 10 cts. por copy. The Winnipeg
defonse committee ls nlso issuing
Defenso Fund Stamps, the price of
which ls 25 cents each.
Local 853, International Broth'
erhood of Electrical Workers" of
Toronto has turned ln Its charter.
Tho local had a membership of
ovot 1200. Revulsion against tactics of the International office was
the cause.
Facts Concerning Great
Metal Strike in Italy
(toned by the Italian Ohamber of
ON May 14, tht Metallurgical
Workers Federation presented
Its demands, for an Increase
ln wages to the Industrial Masters'
Federation. On June llth a demand was made by the "FIOM"
Federazlont Italian* Operala Metallurgical (Italian Metallurgical
Federation) wherein they asked for
an Increase of 20 per cent ln wages,
and also Indemnities for all discharges of all metal workers, men
and women. The Industrials''Federation replied on June 26th that
lt was Impossible to grant tha demands made by th. workers. The
FIOM then sent a second memorandum to the Industrials' Federation insisting that the demands
and requests be grant.d.
A conference was then held at
Milan on the 10th of August with
representatives of the FIOM and of
the U. 8. I.—Unlona Slndacale Ital-
lana (Italian Syndicalist Union) sn
one side and the Industrials' Federation on the other. Representing
the Interests of the metal workers
were Bertere, the Socialist deputy;
Carlo Buozzl, general secretary of
the FIOM, and Guernlerl, general
organizer of the same organisation;
Comrade Glovannettl represented
the Italllan Syndicalist Union, while
on the other side were the Attorney
Rotlgltano and the president of the
Engineers Association Mancelll, for
the Industrials' Federation. The
conference lasted several days.
Had Data
The representatives ot the metal
workera had data to show why the
wages stipulated ln the last concordat, signed In Rome by both parties, had been depreciated by (the
ever-inoreaslng high cost of living,
thereby proving why the .workers
were entitled to the increase ln salaries. The represnetatlves of the
Industrials' Federation . replied
evasively to the facts presented by
the other side stating that it was an
impossibility for them to grant the
Increase which, lf given, would tend
to depress conditions tn Industry.
This marked the end of the conference.
The FIOM instead sf calling, a
.general etrlke in order to attain
the demands came to the decision
of adopting a new method of flght-
the committee of action Issued the
"Metal workers! Being compelled to face your tenacious spirit
of resistance, ths Industrials could
not escape the noose in whloh-)
they havs entered, and falsefylng
all facts concerning obstructionism
and trying to defame your cause,
have at last provoked you ts open
battle. Romero A Co., have proclaimed a lookout, closing ths gates
and fortifying tht establishments
by all means. The government
which has always been a staunch
defender of ths industrials, hu
come to thslr aid, placing machine
guns around tho plants. Should all
the proletariat* simultaneously respond and observe our plant the
same thing will happen ln all other
establishments.    Comrade,   yester- "JJ*1"L """Sfi"1 '"?"ih* d^
day we issued tht motto,-Product'! E^,,m«?:-     Th»     ««P«rtmentf
Ing against the bosses to compel(stroy the efficiency of production In
them to grant the raise. This new
method Is ths so-called Obstructionism, which meana lowering of
produetion so that the Industrials
would loss what they did not wish
to grant the workers. Orders were
Issued to all locals and Instructions
were given out to follow the plans!
of obstructionism. Ths orders explained ln details to the workers
that they should not violate any of »|
the existing Industrial laws and
they should not damage ths machinery tn ths works. "Remember," the order state'd. "produce the
least you can and consume as much j
raw material as possible, but do
not bring about a total stoppage j,
nor partial suspension of the works,
nor cause any lockouts. Should
any worker be discharged, he must
not walk out, and the remaining
workers must not play ln the
hands of ths bosses or provoke
lockouts." To these orders the Industrials .resentfully answered by
asking the government to intervene
to bring this unfortunate Industrial situation to an end. On August
20 they (masters) held a meeting
at Milan where a resolution was
passed condemning the stand taken
by ths FIOM and stating they had
no right to resort to such anarchistic means In order to attain thslr
ends. The 'same day the minister
of labor, Arturo Labriola, called
Buozzl, the secretary of the FIOM,
ln conference at his ofllce at Rome.
At this conference Labriola voiced
the desire of the government to
bring both parties together tn order
to end the "obstructionism" Inaugurated by tho workers. Comrade
Buozzl replied that his organization would gladly resume tht negotiations with the mill owners, provided they showed a disposition to
No Indemnity
It. ls worth while noting that tht
U. S. I. had decided to follow the
stand taken by the FIOM and It
was therefore working in conjunction with tht latter to makt the
bosses feel the might of tht concerted action gf the workers. On
August 28 "La Stampa" a daily paper supporting Oioletti's policy,
published a statement of Commen-
datora Jarach speaking tor the Industrials' Federation, In which h*
said that in tha last analysis, tht
latter wert ready to cede the plants
to the workers Instead of granting
an Increase. To this ths organizers
of the FIOM answered that should
ths workers take possesion of the
plants they would not give Any Indemnity for the''appropriation nor
pay any rentals. The workers having strictly followed the Instructions of ths FIOM on obstructing
production, soms of ths mill owners felt that they could not stand
this any longer, and thsrsfors decided to,lock ths people out. The
first lockout occurred at ths plants
sf Romto A Co., and that of Brsda
A Sti)cchl. Thlt was tha signal for
ths Invasion ot ths plants on tht
part of tht workers. On tht SOth
of August tht plants sf ths abovs
named concerns were seized by the
workers whs upon entering them
hoisted the red flag on the tower
and then proceeded- to take poses-
slon of all the principal departments and started oporation of the
works. Following this the Industrials called on the prefect (provisional governor) asking him to send
troops to protect the plants from
being damaged by tne workers. The
Prefect Slgnor Iuslgnoll answered
that he was son's- but could not
comply with their request bofore
receiving direct Instructions from
Romo. On the same day the prefect called the representatives of
the FIOM in conference to ask
whether it was possible.to prevont
any further complication In tbe
conflict; but the organlzors present
ed certain conditions whloh he
could not accept, ln the meanwhile
CentrM Falls, R. I.—An Immediate redaction of IB per cent ln
wages for SOO 'employees of the
Pennsylvania Textile Company has
been announced by officers of the
1 company hero.
less, consumer more; don't provoke
lockouts, suspensions nor stoppage!
of any sort," and you followed our
motto. Today ws-simply tell you
not to abandon ths plants. Ifct us
all remain there with th* fixed purpose of working till tht bosses will
have called tht lockout off. The Industrials havt armed forces for
their defense. Show them that our
strength, tht power of labor and
your devotion to tho causa la superior ts theirs. Remain on tha
Job, leave ths machine* untouched.
Stand and resist with faith In the
battle. Work. Ws will remain at
our fighting posts." Signed, The
Commutes ot Action.
Added Mors Fuel
That same night the various department heads and the clerks held
a meeting at th* headquarters of
the Chamber sf Labor, whors a
resolution of sympathetic action
with tho metal workers was passed. They also decided to contlnus
the work ln tht plants seized by
the workers. At lf the action of
the metal workers of Milan waa
not really threatening, the National
Federation st ths Industrials added mors fusl to the fire by proclaiming a general lockout In all
the plants. Their decision was taken at a meeting held ln Milan,
where thty passed a resolution condemning tht stand of tht FIOM
and the consequent seizure of tht
plants on the part of the workers
as an anarchistic attempt to de-
:the ateel and metal industry. On
the other hand, the FIOM Issued
a proclamation to all metal workers
of Italy, which stated ln part a*
r.-^Ths FIOM, your organization,
which has fought so many battlss
with you and has won ao many victories, tt proud of you. Tour struggle has entered a critical phase.
The Industrials,ahd their gazettes
have attempted to defame your
wonderful action, but In vain.
Their attempt to prepare the pub-
no opinion to Justify th* lockout
has- rather resulted in gaining for
your cause the sympathy of all the
proletariat. They wanted is mak*
a test case, but they hav* gotten
what they deserved."
The proclamation conoludes;
"Ths Italian metal workersl
Tour leaders hav* already foreseen
all th* consequences which would
rwult trim 'obstructionism.' Thty
also foresaw tht seizure ot tht
works sn your part Bs then-ready
and disciplined to the order st
ysur organization. Wherever a
manufacturer attompt* a lockout,
follow th* example ot your Milan
brothel*. Long Uv* th* worker*'
In th* afternoon et th* ltt of
September, a group sf leader* of
the Flom made a tour of inspection to th* plants occupied by th*
workers. . Everywhere they wer*
received with, great enthusiasm.
They found everything In order,
head Issued a statement declaring
that th* work proceeded normally.
Committees of vlgllanc* had been
formed and distributed around thl
worki ts prevent agent' provaca-
teurt from starting trouble. The
flrtt act ef ths workers upon taking possession of ths plants waa
that of putting expert telephond
operator* at th* switchboard*. Th*
worker* wer* ordered by th* shop
committee to watch agents agalnat
any attempt of destruction and ea-
botage. Promptly the Socialist
Co-operative .. provided food for
the workers, which was distributed ln the plants. They had plenty.
On September Srd more than 600
plant* throughout Italy were In
the hand* of th* workers. 'Some
engineers who refused to remain
on the Job were captured and held
as hostages till orders from th*
Flom cam* for their release. Later
the Federation ot Clerks and Engineers passed a resolution giving
the terms upon which they would
support the struggle of the workers. They asked guarantees *that
they would not be discharged when
agreement would be arv'vcd at between the contending parties. Their
termi wer* accepted by the Flom,
whereupon with some exception
they all went back to work. Worksrs tn all trades rushed to call a
special meeting all over Italy In
order to support the metal workers' In their mighty struggle. The
Industrials ot ths power houses,
having attempted to cut sit the
power tn order to compel tho worker's to leave the plants, tho electricians deolded to resist this attempt
and to do all ln their power to help
the metal workers. The committee
of action of ths Flsm Issued dally
bulletins on the situation. One of
these bulletins Instructed the workers to mks us* ot sirens in can of
To th* metal worker* local of
Rom* th* committee of action ot
Milan lent the following message:
"WJ ar* proud that ln Rome,
th* city sf ths pop* and sf th*
stat*. th* rod flag file* on th* tow-
Three Specials
. 110.00 lln** ot
brown Md with
Cuban and Louis
hitl and blaek
and brown salt •
with Cuban heals,
fsr three day*
ulllng at
Man'* Dr*«* ud
Work Boot* — A
sptelal prie* ftr
thr** dan *nly;
• olid Itatfeir
■ho**; |U valiws.
All sis**, at
botit a.fe.ai
■ Mil,
ontLT Br.wn
aad Black. State
im.   wm Oata.
Special Order Shoes
No matter what the need, we ean make it
at $12.60 per pair. We make aa ofl tan
work shoe that will ontwear two pair of
ordinary shoes and will leal bottor became it is made to yonr meaaure.
We have a large Btaff to take eare of th*
fall repairing.   Tour work can be done
while yon do your other shopping.
er* ot th* plants.'
On  September
workers  decided
T   tht   railroad
to  support  tht
itruggli of thtlr brotheri, thi me-[after • o'ciook In tht presence ot
tal worker*, _^_^^^_^__
Leader* of tht Flom Ul red automobiles visited varioui plants to
Inspect the workers. Even thl Red
Cross workeri decided to place
themselves at tht idspoial of tht
Shop commlttei In ths planta occupied by the workeri. On September 0 the Flom Issued a proclamation ln which It forbade the sale
of goods produced tn thl seized
plants. Good! can be told only by
tht committee of tht Flom.   Thl*
shop commutes, which fsr speeial
reaaon* or request* will be *ak*d
to **U goods, shall do so *vsry night
th* member* of th* oommlttee st
th* Flom. All good* muit be aold
strictly for cash. The technical
commissioner* ar* In charge ot aB
money received for the goods sold.
The workers were requested hy the
Flom to remain at work sa Bun-
days ln order nst to leave th* ahop*'
unguarded. "Do not 1st," th* order said, "the maitert' emlssarlia
enter tht work* and obstruct th.
management sf th* ahop*. B* sa
$10 or $15
Out Sale
WTO no suns
These Suits are all in the new Fall models.
Fine, all-wool tweeds and come in brown and
dark grey mixtures. Such Suits spell
Such value* aa these an offered only tectum ws must positively doss ont this big
stock. Mad. from very high quality wor.
stale and tweeds, In tlie very latest Mylit
Patterns nd colore to mlt men sf quiet or
extravagant taste*.
Many el theso mitt have beta taktn tram
hlgber-prioed broken line* — should be la
the higher-prlood lot, bnt It', a oaa* ot
"Olos* Out" with D. K. Book. In UU* lot
are Included Sne all-wool tweed* and nor-
steds, made up la tho moat popular FaU
models. Thete talli an bargain* at tO.00.
CLOSE-OUT (Oil £.**
riUCH $04eOO
All-Wool Tweed
Combination Overcoats. These ire
showerproof and
heavy enough for
Winter wear. They
are made of Sootch
tweed in dark grey
nnd brown plaids.
All now Fall models
in slip-on regular
styles. Close Out
Hero's when the man looking for MM*.
Ing different finds "111* own Idea" of * suit.
Hundreds of these suit* ln young men's
closc-nttlng, singlo and double-breasted
models, tall men's, stout men'* and regular
models, in brown and green serges and
ohovlots and rloli check* and plaids. Verily, a wondorful line of "Correct Wothos"
at a wonderful price. C_AA   CC
CLOSE-OUT I'ltlCE   944*DO
Fin. all-wool Melton Overeoats, made In
Chesterfield styl&v Medium and heavy all-
wool tweed* In rich dark brown, dark green
and dark gray mixture*; some of thom with
the mw dose-Httliig bocks, either belled or
plain. All well tailored and lined with
double warp sen*. Regular 115.00.
.- -»*■: PAGE SIX
Marks onr Formal Christmas Opening—a trlfl*
earlier this year, but our stock Is now complete
—larger and more choice than we have ever
been privileged to offer you. DINNERWARE,
Offers the largest showing on the Pacific Const
variety, including latest Importations. Bring the
kiddles,     .
Free Games
FREE  GAMES  will  be  given away   to   every
Kiddle accompanied by pareut or guardian, from
- 0 a.m, to 12 noon.
A imall deposit will hold aay article yoa da-
•lie, io make your selection early.
"Headquarters for China and Toys"
■110 Hastings Street West Phone Seymour 478
i i       • _ i —
FRIDAY...... October 29, UN
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
Is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
10 Sub. Cards
Good for oae year's subscription to Tha
B. 0. Federatlonist, will be mailed to
any address, In . Canada for $22.50
(Oood anywhere outiide of Vanconver
city.)  Order ten today. Remit when sold.
Vancouver Unions
OOBNOIL—PM.ld.nt, J. M.
TlM-BM.id.at, S. W. Hatl.rl sseretsry
I 0. Smith; tMiiarar, A. S. Wall.;
Mrfsut-it-aras, E. Home: truiteei,
Oarr, Vanrublen, Slevsnrrlght and —is-
try. Meat* Ird Wednesday each month
la tt. Pander Hall, eorner of Pender and
Bow. atneta.  Phone Ser. >91.
all—Meeta    seeond    Monday    In    tta
snatt.    Preildent, 1. P. McConn.ll: aaa-
raterr, B. H. Neelanda, P. 0. Boa «».
sad Balaloreod Ironworkers, Loeal 97
—MeeU aacond and fourth Mondaya.
mald.nl Ju, Haatloia; Insnoial see-
Man ud tnauMr, toy Maiiecar, loom
119 Labor Temple,
Lnmber ladeltry (oamp and mill)
■set with fallow workera In that Indus-
tty Oriaatoa Into tba Umber Worksrs
bdutrlal Cnlon oi tta 0.-B. U. Head-
•1 Cordon SI. W., Vaneonvsr.
0. B. U.—Preildent, B. W. Hatley:
laareUry, J. O. Smith. Meeta lit Wed-
aasday in each month ln Pender Hall,
ser. of Pander and How. atreeta. Phona
Any. 191.	
ployaei, Local 89—Meeta etery aecond
Wedneiday in tha month at »:«0 pm.
aad af ary lonrth Wedneeday In the month
at 9:90 pjn. Preaident, John Cnmmlnfi,
Mawtrry and buiineu agent, A. Graham.
OBot and maatini htll, 441 .Seymour St.
fr. Phone Sey, 1991. OSce haul. 9
u. te 9 pja.	
Association. Local 86-C2—Office and
ban, US Cordon St. W. Meeta Drat
SBd third frldaye. 9 p.m.' Secretary
naairar, F. Chapman; builneai agent,
I. Bleharda.
an' Union—Moota and and 4th Fridays, 105 Labor Tomplo. Preildent, W.
Wllion, 1999 Oran.llle Street; aeeretary.
1. T. Kelly, I860 Halting! Bt. E.; re-
Serdlng-eeoretary. L. Holdiworth, 599—
Mth It. W., North Vancouver.
duatrlal Unit ot tha One Big Union—
Aa induatrlal nnion of all workora in log-
ling and construction campi. Coait Dls-
tttet aud Oeneral Headquarter., 61 Cor-
fara St. W„ Vancou.er, B. 0. Phono Sey.
999. E. Winch, general eecretary-
treaiurer; legal advisors, Meun. Bird,
Macdonald * Co., Vaneonver, B. C; audi-
ton, Meaira. Butter U Ohisfli, Vaneonver, B. 0.
tta 0. B. U. meet In' thoir union hall
at Booms 8 and A Empire Hotel, 76 Hast-
tan laat, (rat and third Wedneiday In
"» month. Preaident V. Owani: »!»•
■aidant, D. Carllnl aaeretary, Earl King.
•tea. Sey. 8698. 	
Lumber ln'duitry, organiie into tha L.
W. I. U. of tha 0. B. U. Mlllworkera, branchei meet aa follow!:
TaaeonTor—Lnmber Worker!' headquarters, 61 Cordova St. W.  Every Monday
law Westminster—Lahor Hall, oor. Boyal
' Ave. and 7th St. 2nd and dth Wednesday! at 9 p.m.
■kaser Mills—Old Moving Picture Theatro, Maillardville. 2nd and dth Thursday, 9 pjn.
Port Moody—Orange Hall, Snd Friday,
every month, at 8 p.m.
an' Unit ol the One Big Cnlon, Metal-
Uferoes Miners—Vancouvtr, B. 0-, head-
<urten, 61 Cordova Street West. All
Worken engaged in this Industry
elf ed to loin tho Cnlon before going
.the Job. Don't wait to be organised, but
organise younelf.
■ North Amorica (Vaneonver and vicinity)—Branch meeta second and fourth
Mondaya. Room 204 Labor Temple. President, Wm. Hunter, 819 Tenth Ave. North
Vancouvor: Snanclal aeoretary, t. God-
lard, 856 Bleharda Street; recording aee-
alary,  J.  D.  Russell,   929   Commercial
rive.   Phono High. 2204B.
en Bridgemen, Derrickmen and Riggers
ef Vancouver and vicinity. Moots evory
Monday, 8 p.m., in 0. B. U. Hall, »04
Pender St. W. Prosldent, T. L. Hewitt;
flaanelal aeeretary and business agent, E.
Home. Phone, Beymour 291.	
ava—Yon need th. Camp Workon of
roar indnatry. Th.y need you. Organise
Isgotter la th. 0. B. U. Indotsrlal Unit
Of year oeoupatlon. Delegatea on ovary
lob, or writ, tho District Headquartera,
91 Oordon St. W., Vancouver. Entrance
taa. Sl.00; monthly dun, |1.00.
Fasteners, I.L.A., Loeal Union 88A,
Berlea 5—Meets tta 2nd and dth Fridays
If tha month, Labor Temple. 8 p.m.
Preaident, William Haylor; Inanelal seeretary and buslneas agent, M, Phelpa;
corresponding secretary, W. Loa. Offlee,
Boom 207 Labor Temple.
Meeta last Sunday of oaeh month at
2 p.m. President, A. E, Robb; vice-
president, 0. H. Collier; aooretary-traaa-
orer, B. H. Neelands, Box 60.
Employees, Pioneer Division. No, 101
—Meots A. 0. P. Hall, Mount Pleasant
lit and Srd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and /
ym. Pnaldent, 8. Bigby; neordlng
secrotary, F. E. Oriffln, 447—Oth Avonue
But; treasurer, F. bldaway; Inanelal
secretary and business agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Street; ofllce cornor
Prior and Main Sta. Phona Fair. 16MB.
Provincial Unions
and Labor Council—Meeta Int aad
third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythlaa
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.ra. Pnsldent, A, C. Pike; vice-president, 0. E.
Copeland; secretary-treasurer, E. S.
Woodward, P. 0. Bex 802, Victoria, B.O.
Meets flnt and third Friday eaoh month
st 1424 Oovernment Street.   Third Friday
opon forum.   Secretary. E. Watenon.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U—Meets every Tueaday ln the Mclntyre Hall at 8 p.m. Meetinga open to all 0. B. U. membera. See-
rotary-treasurer, N, Booth, Bon 217
Prince Rnpert.  B.  0.
New York.—Claiming that great
competition between American and
foreign vessels Is expected, the
American Steamship Owners Association has refused the demand of
the National Marine Engineers'
Beneficial Association for Increase
in monthly wage rates, overtime
rates, or for any chnnges in the
working rules, This decision, which
will affect 14,000 members of the
association was backed by the United States Shipping Bourd.
SYDNEY, N. S. W. — With the
object of securing closer unity nnd
co-operation between the1 unions
operating In the engineering and
allied trades industry ln Australia,
representatives of the Amalgamated Society, Ironworkers Association, Moulders Union and several
other organizations formed a federation.
Telephone Sey.'2401
House Phone RF 1887L
316   Standard Bank Building
610 Haatings St. W., Vancouver, B. 0.
Dr. DeVan's French Pills
A reliable Regulating Pill for Women, $5
a box. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailod
to any addross on receipt of price. Tho
Scobell Drug Co.. St. Catherines. Ontario.
Restores Vim end Vitality; for Horn and
Brain; Increases "gray matter;" a Tonic
—will build you up. f 3 a box, or two for
fii, at drug stores, or by mail on receipt
of price. Tha Scobell Drag Co., St, Catharines, Ontario.
Ballard's Furniture Store
Phone Sey. 2137
We always carry In atock a good
■election of dining-room, parlor, kitohen and bedroom furniture, also
linoleum and medium priced carpet
squares, rags, ete, We ean ear* you
money aa wa ara ont of tha high rent
"Another Critic"
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: After
reading tho "Criticism of the Critic," by John Clark, ln the laet Issue of The Federatlonist, I re-read
the editorial page of the previous
issue, In order to flnd wherein the
editor had taken sides, in the dispute which occurred at. Port Arthur. After donlg so, and after
again reading the "criticism," I am
compelled to draw the conclusion
that Fellow Worked John Clark's
understanding of the editorial, is
on a par with his understanding of
the Industrial movement in general.
What the editor does say, is that
the spuabble at Port Arthur waB
one which had arisen among officials, and which would ultimately
be dealt with by the rank and flle
of the membership. He then went
on to state, as one of those present
at the inception of the O. B. U.,
what form the organization had
been intended to take on. In which
he was quite correct. If the editor'
of The Federatlonist Is not to gvie
his opinion on matters appertaining to the welfare of the O. B. U.,
as well as on the class position
generally, it Is not an editor that
ls needed, but an office boy to receive copy. An-editor who has not
got both the knowledge and the
backbone necessary to enable him
to express his opinions on working
class affairs, without troubling on
whose corns he is treading, has no
business In charge of a Labor
Another point which the crltlcizer
does not seem to have realized, Is
tha^ much of the dissension existent ln the official ranks, Ib due to
the fact that the L. W. I. U. has
never been part of the O. B. U.,
except In name. It has simply
been an afflliated organization.
I am not defending the credential* committee for their action at
the convention. In my opinion,
the committee had no right to construe a statement of the general
secretary Into a rule of the constitution.
The question of per capita tax
does not entei* into the seating of
delegates, and the coast district of
the Ii. W. I. U. was entitled to
have its full delegation seated, on
the basis of Its recorded membership, notwithstanding its indebtedness. -   -
The attempt, 6n the part of the
loggers, to have seated three delegates who had not been credential-'
led by the districts whence they
came was, however, just as flagrant
a breach of the constitution as that
perpetrated by the credential committee.
While understanding the feelings
of the coast delegates, at being denied the degree of representation to
which they were entitled, I at the
same time, am of the opinion that
the wiser courae would have been
to take part ln the oonvention,
while protesting against the treatment accorded them.   -
This matter, however, can safely
be left to the membership.
The suggestion to ignore the proposed amendments to the constitution is about aa sensible as the Ignoring of the state, as advocated
by some of our Anarchist friends.
Whether the proposals are the
produotlon of a caucus, or of one
man, ts Immaterial. The question
Is: "Are any of the proposed
amendments In the Interest of the
organization?" That Is the only
correct position to take with regard to them. The ignoring of the
sun does not preclude Its heat, and
the Ignoring of the proposed
amendments by some will not stop
others, from voting on them.
I would also advise that a few
more industrial unions be added to
the good oompany he enumerates,
I. e., the U. Irf. W. of A., the Mill,
Mine and Smelter Workera, and
many others of a similar character.
If Fellow Worker Clark knew
anything at all about the shop
stewards of Great Britain, he would
know that It Ib not an industrial
union at all. On the contrary, It
Is a movement operating amongst
the rank and flle of the various
industries with a view to obtaining control of all industries in a
given industrial area, as opposed to
the control of organizations by the
general executive officer^.
It is also directly antagonistic to
such organizations as the Transport
Federation, the Workers Union
and the.National Union of General
Laborers, which are also aome of
the kind of organizations favored
by the "Crltlcizer." .
Centralized control of seperate
Industrial unions has been found
Ineffective ln Great Britain, despite
the close proximity ot all the industrial districts. Bo long as we
have different Industrial unions, or
craft unions, eafch with their general exeoutlve boards, still carrying on under the per capita tax
system, we have all the evils from
which-we suffered in the A. F. of
L. Only the name is different.
The contents are the same.
With reference to the general
fund, the same Ignorance Is shown
as In connection with some of the
other' matters dealt with. Far
from placing the funds under' the
control of a bureaucracy, the general fund system leaves them completely under the domination of
the rank and flle of thd member
ship, just aB the district control of
all Industries places the power In
the hands of the rank and flle In
each and every industrial district.
Turning aside momentarily from
the letter of Fellow Worker Clark,
I would remark that there Ib a
striking similarity between the attack on the district for'm of organization, by some of the more valiant
opponents of so-called Industrial
unionism, and that waged against
tho O. B. U. by some of the beneficiaries of the A. F, of L. Far be
it from me to suggest that the elimination of Beveral official positions, as a result of a district form
of organization might form u basis
for much of the criticism levelled
against the samp, yet one muBt admit It is a most striking coincidence.
To return to our subject. The
Federatlonist 1p, ln Its editorial columns, necessarily a one-man paper,
and that one man, whoever he may
be at any given time, holds his job
by virtue of the fact that his statements are, in general, ln accord
with the views of the advance
guard of the proletariat ln this
western country,
It must be understood that when
ever a difference of opinion arises
between two factions at a convention, it does not necessarily follow
that either party thereto is correct.
It thlB is understood, the editorial
comment of Oct, 16 oan be more
fully comprehended. Let It be further' undrestool that patriotism to
a speolflc organization or to a party
at the expense of clas asolldarlty,
is but a degree loss detrimetnal
thim the national patriotism of our
Winch Replies
Comrade Editor:
In last week's Fed over three
columns were consumed by three
correspondents who made repeated
references to myself. Consequently, it the law of equity operates In
the running of a labor paper I am
entitled to equal space ln which to
reply—being neither a seeker after
self-advertisement or afflicted with
an exaggerated ego, I am of the
opinion th'at the columns of the
paper can be used to better advantage than in a controversy over' the
color of a receipt, or the size of a
cut, particularly as , the readers
have minds of their own and the
ability to use them In understanding the basic questions Involved.
Therefor, although having the necessary pr'oofs to answer ln detail
and put a different light on the
various points raised by your correspondents, I refrain from doing
so, hoping thereby future space wll)
be utilized In a consideration of
bigger world-wide working class
questions. Bhould the discussion
continue, then I will claim the
space to hold up my end of the
controversy, for It is not in the reputed Christian spirit of turning
my cheek to the smiter that this
suggestion Is made.
Permit me, however, a few lines
to refer   to   each   correspondent.
Prltchard (good old BUI, he's
olean right through), correctly
stated my position then ahd now
when he says that at Winnipeg in
January, I frankly avowed "that
apart from the general movement
and its needs, I would be for the
lumber workers all the time." That
haa been the basis of my actions
the past twa years.
First, the general movement and
its needs, for in that Ib inextrtc-l
ably involved the success or failure
of its component parts, lumber
workers and all others. After that
the lumber workers all the time.
That's what I was elected for ahdt
paid to do. •. m i
Naylor's needs no answering;,
his votes at the convention fixed;
his position ln the labor movement:
for all time, He took advantage
of- a quibble to interpret the con-!
stltutlon on a dollar and cents twia
Instead of that ot membership. Not
every one who speaks most loudly
of olass organization and claas cjon-
aclousness knows what lt meft|is,{
or practise lt -w
Mldgley'a flrst paragraph and his'
laBt sentence express his entire out-
He may rest assured that if I
cannot fill an official position in
the labor movement by the will of
the majority of the membership,
and an ability to efficiently deliver'
the goods tn the interests of the
movement, I most certainly will
not do so by changing my views to
ault the way the wind blows.
In conclusion, the membership
of the lumber workers are scattered In hundreds of campa over thou.
sands of miles of territory. They
cannot get together aa an organization to discuss Internal affairs.
This haa to be done through the
medium of the page ln the Fed,
for which they pay $80 a week. In
that page the members, when they
feel In need of aome recreation,
slam their officers or each other.
They are minding their own business and rtipnlng their own affaire,
which it la their intention to continue doing.
A Word from Rupert
Bdltor B. C. Federatlonist:
Comrade—Having acted in somewhat of a secretarial capacity upon
the credential committee, it is encumbent upon the writer to reply
to the statements appearing In the
L. W. I, U. page of the B. C. Fed.
on the 8th inst. In the hope that
lt will be possible to place the several points at Issue ln a better' perspective than was possible in the official report of the committee.
This contribution to * epistolary
literature Is not to be construed as
an attempt upon the part of the
writer to Justify the credential
committee, or cast any reflection
upon the action of the L. W. I. U.
delegation. It la rather an honest
attempt, prompted by a desjre to
see the end of the present internecine warfare In the organisation,
to explain the problems which confronted the committee, and tlieir
manner of solution.
At the January convention the
constitution had been changed
from the one delegate one vote
basis, to the roll call system (see
Clause 19). Upon the roll call
vote being demanded, delegates
register their votes in accordance
with the numerical strength of,ihe
membership which they respect
tlvely represent. The only fiiflt
wtth the arrangement was that no
provision had been made.to determine Just how many member's each
delegate represented. There were
only two methods, open to the committee, for the solution of this question. The first being: That of calling each delegate before the committee and asking htm for the necessary information. The obvloiis
objection- to this procedure was
that the average delegate would not
have represented less than 1000
members (the maximum allowed).
In view of the fact that many
contentious questions would undoubtedly come before the convention, upon which a close vote would
be recorded, it was essential that
a more exact means of determining
the representation of each delegate be arrived at.
The per capita tax returns were
the only figures available which
had any relationship to the numerical strength of the organization,
consequently, the alternate solution
was to base the representation
upon the amount of membership as
shown by the per capita tax report,
It Ib oonceded that this method waB
equitable Insofar; that It admitted a uniform ruling and application. That if) to aay, while every
delegate's voting power would be
reduced; the reduction would be
exactly proportionate in all cases.
The deliberations of ths committee, after having accepted the
per capita tax basis, is fully recorded In the report of the committee
dealing with the representation accorded to the respective delegates.
It will be necessary at this juncture to explain that the general
secretary-treasurer1 of the L. W. I.
U., when remitting his organization's per capita for the month of
May had not credited the various
districts with the amounts which
they had sent in to him. The per
capita tax for May being paid to
the secretary-treasurer of the O.
B. U. as coming from the L. W. I.
U. as a whole. The committee
when making their report were
unable to obtain these figures. Had
these figures been available they
would have increased the representation of the L. W. I. U. delegates. The coast delegates, for example, would have been seated aa
representing 646 Instead of 510.
It was contended that the L. W.
I. U. delegates wer'o refused the
representation upon the floor of
the convention that the payment
of their arrearage In per capita'
would have entitled them, notwithstanding their qfforts to fulfill their
obligations in this respect. It
should be borne In mind that after
the credential committee Is appointed until they have brought in
their report; that they represent
the organization. In this particular
case the committee was in session
for over eight hours, consequently,
the L. W. I. U. representatives had
every opportunity to either pay
their per capita to the committee;
promise to pay tt, or even claim
exemption from payment.
The committee would have had
to have accepted any offer so
made, and the L. W. I. U. delegates
could have obtained the full quota
of votes claimed. r
Why the committee had no other
alternative but to recommend that
Winch, Cowan and Neil be not
seated is explained ln the report.
The writer thinks that when any
delegate to a convention has had
his credential challenged, that he
should certainly, when questioned
by the credential committee, answer the following questions: Who
elected you ? When were you
elected? and who do you represent?
The three comrades in queatlon,
however, have an opinion to the
It will be remembered that the
credential committee was. Instructed, at the Tuesday night session of
thtf convention, to meet a delegation from the L. W. I. U. delegates.
This delegation met the committee, and after giving the committee
all the Information, which had previously been requested, but. had
been withheld by the Lumber
Workers* delegates, and after having also made an offer to pay their
arrearage ln per capita (with the
object of increasing theltr representation), they told the committee
that the L. W. I. U. representatives
did not want their case reopened.
This statement does not compare,
very favorably with the one Issued
by these same delegates In the L.
W. I. U. page of The Federatlonist,
on the 8th Inst., which reads aB
"In the afternoon the ten Lumber WorkerB and one Edmonton
delegate held a meeting, and decided to request the miners and
Calgary delegates to endeavor to
get reconsidered the motion which
had been tabled relating to the appointment of a committee to meet
the delegates whose credentials had
been questioned, and, If successful,
to endeavor to get a committee appointed to meet the loggers' delegates and again take up the question of the basis of their representation.
This waa done and the credential
oommlttee won instructed to meet
the delegates. The meeting took
place at 9 p.m., Delegates Higgins,
Simpson and Morrison representing the loggers and offered as a
basis of settlement the three
cheques covering arrears ot per
capita and that those delegates
properly credentialled be seated as
representing the Industry with total
vote equally apportioned."
This attitude upon the part of
the delegation, prevented the committee from deciding any of the
questions involved, because they
were only empowered by the convention to meet the delegation on
the understandingethat the L, W.
I. U. delegates had requested that
the Interview take place.
Being prevented from deciding
any of the questions, the committee
ln their report to the convention
upon the following morning, had
to confine themselveB to a mere
statement of what tranpslred at the
meeting. The following, which is
tbe last paragraph of the committee's report, la worth quoting in Ub
"A motion waa made to accept
the report of the oommtttee. An
amendment waa made that the
convention deal wtth the last clause
of the credential committee's report. The effect of the amendment, had lt been carried, would
have given the committee the necessary authorization to entertain
the L. W. I. U. delegates' proposal,
that they pay up the arrearsof per
capita, and that their representation be computed as a whole and
not by districts. During the discussion, the L. W. I. U. delegates,
who were in the gallery, were Invited from the floor of the convention to reconsider their withdrawal,
place their per capita upon the
table and vote upon the amendment. They did not take' advantage of this invitation. The amendment was then put, 9 voting for
and 9 againBt. Upon a roll call
vote being demanded, the result
showed 4987 for the amendment,
and 5969 against."
From the foregoing lt will be
clearly seen that even down to the
eleventh hour the whole situation
rested absolutely in the hands-of
the L, W. I. U. delegation. Why
did not the L. W. I, U. delegation
send only two of their delegates on
the floor to carry the amendment,
and so give the committee the mandate to go ahead and bring in a
report based upon the information
then In its possession?
■ The Lumber Workers' representatives may have reasoned that
such action upon their part would
have been useless due to the fact
that possibly the majority of thc
committee were opposed to the
seating of the L. W. I. U. delegates as representing tho L. W. I.
U. as a whole, and would only
have seated them as representing
those districts who had elected
This frame of mind may have
been created by the following discussion, which took place between
the L. W. I. U. delegation and the
"The delegation also objected to
being given representation according to districts, stating that they
represented the Lumber Workers
as a whole and not any particular
district. It was brought to the attention of the delegation that their
secretary had paid their per capita
to the general executive ob coming
from certain districts In varying
amounts, which the general secretary had clearly shown that they
were elected by districts and that
they logically represented those
districts as a consequence."
"Tour committee put the following question to .the delegation: In
the event of the membership of
the various districts of the L. W.
I. U. not being In unanimity on any
particular policy coming before a
oonvention; and further, In .the
event of the districts containing a
membership whose numerical
strength differed, and that the
membership in the districts so differing Instructed their delegates to
adopt a particular attitude on the
Sanitarium Ltd.
Fifteenth Floor Standard
Bank—Oor.  of  Hastings
and Richards   -
Phones Seymour 608;
Highland 2134-L
We have treated successfully    what    others
have diagnosed as
and a host of other so-
called ailments.
When at Rock B»y, Vaneouvar Iiland, working for Hut*
lngi Co., u rigger, I inffored
with rhoumatium la back and
ltga, principally In lags. I WM
recommended to coma to Dr.
Downle by Micliael Monck, wko
wai oured by him 12 montha
•go. I took one month's treatment. I am now quite well. I
kave had no pain for two
Working Men
Seize this opportunity! To turn some of our great
stock into immediate cash we have taken about
200 pieces of our all-wool suitings and are now
making SUITS
from them. Strictly to order, to your individual
measure at" ^fc/l BS
These are made in our workshops under our personal supervision, by union labor. They're made
the best way suits can be made and there's quality
to them. There's^ no such value elsewhere in: the
city. If you want heavier weight or higher grade
woollens giving you more wear we car. serve you
at big savings now. At our prices you are throwing good money away in buying ready-made suits
and if you want genuine Custom-made Suits you've
got to come to us for style and value. We lead all.
contentious policy, vould' you rittt
be ln favor of allowing each delegate the full voting strength of his
district In deciding the issue? The
delegation not being able to satisfactorily reply to the question, the
committee saw no reason to alter
its previous judgment."
It ls Important to remember that
ln any event, the refusal of the cre-
(Contlnued on page 7)
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Here Thoy Are, Indexed tor Too
Mr, Union Man, Out This Out sua Olve It to Tou WU*
Tisdnlla Limited	
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms)	
...618 Hutinga Street Wert
 .Hastings Street But  I
Ingledew Shoe Store.
Boots and Shoes
-.066 Granvillo Street
Johnston's Big Shoe House (. 409 Hastings W.
Pierre Paris   . 64 Hutingi Street Wert
Wm. Diek Ltd. 1  Hastings Street Eut
Vancouver Co-operative  41 Pender Street Weit
MacLaohlan-Tayior Company •. 63 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros. & Ciarko 66 Hastings Street Wert
Boot Factory
Christie Boot Factory 61 Cordova Street Wert
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
Dr. Wlllard Coates 30-32 Burns Bldg., 18 Hastings Street West
Downle Sanitarium, Ltd 16th Floor Standard Bank Bldg.
Dr. Lee Holder 14 Fairfield Building
Dr. Edgar W. Moore.; 408-406 Carter Cotton Bldg.
Dr. H. Walton 310-311 Carter Cotton Bldg, 198 Hastings St. W.
B»y _ 233 Keefer Street
Clothing and Men's Outfitting
Arnold ft Quigley   616 Granvillo Stmt
Clumans, Ltd 163 Hastings Street West
Clubb ft Stewart. 809-316 Hastingi Stroet Weit
B. 0. Outfitting Co. .- 342 Hastings Street Wert
B. C. Tailoring Co 342 Hastings But
Wm. Diok Ltd , 33-49 Hastings Streot Eut
Thog. Foster ft Co, Ltd. 614 Granville Stntt
J. W. Foster ft Co., Ltd    346 Hastinga Street Weit
J. N. Harvey Ltd..— 126 Hutings Woat and Victoria, B. 0.
C. D. Bruce 401 Hastings Street Wert
New Tork Outfitting Co._......_.._. 143 Hutings Street Wert
W. B. Brumitt : : . ......Cordova Street
Thomu ft McBain.	
D. K. Book .
 .-..."...Granville Street
. 117 Haitingi Street Wert
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street Wut
 ....929 Main Bt, Seymonr 1441 and 465
..602 Hastlngi Wert
Kirk ft Oo, Ltd-
Dr. Brett Anderson .
Dr. W. J. Cnrry	
 301 Dominion Building
Britannia Beer...
Cascade) Beer......
Via Bro _..
....Westminster Brewery Co.
.Vancouver Brcwerlea Ltd.
._..... Ciders and wind
Vancouver Drug Co,..
..Any of their ail
Dry Goods
Famous Cloak ft Suit Co  623 Hastings Streot Wetf
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street Wert
Laaalle Extension University *  701 Standard Bank Bldf.
B. C. School ot Pharmacy and Science    616 Pender Weit
...48 Hastinga Eut and 728 OranviUe Street '
Brown Broi. ft Oo. Ltd...
Federated Labor Party
of the members and supporters of the above party resident in Greater Vancouver will be held at the
F. I. P. HaU, 148 Oordova Btreet West,
at 8 p.m. MONDAY, NOVEMBER 1, to consider the
nomination of candidates in the pending provincial elections.
Funeral Undertakers
Harron Bros 2898 Oranvllle Street
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co 238 Kingaway
Nunn and Thomson 631 Homer Street
Hutingi Furniture Co...
..41 Haatinga Street Wert
Ballard Furniture Store 1024 Main Street
Home Furniture Company ...414 Main Street
"Slatera" (three ttorei) Hutings, OranviUe and Main Street! '
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street Weit
». T. Wallace _- 118 Hastings Street Wert ■
Calhoun's, Ltd 61 Hastings Street Bait
Hotels   .
Central Hotel .'. 42 Cordova Street Bart
0. B. Allan 480 Qranvllle Street
Masseurs, Etc.
M. F. Bby, B.A, M.E., 990 Broadway Wert
Musical Instruments
Switzer Bros. 812 Haatinga Street Wert ,
J. H. Healey 824-826 Birks Building
Morris Optical Co 649 Granville Street
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand . (Turner Beoton A Co, Vietoria, & 01);'
Printers and Engravers
Oowan ft Brookhouae-   Labor Templt
CHelland-Dibble —...—  .... Towor Building
Morris Soskin 316 Standard Bank Building
Taxi Service
Stanley Steam Taxi Co 834 Abbott Street,
Theatres and Movies
Bmpress  Orpheum _....... Pant' (M FRIDAT. October 21, 1920
Month End
Specials for
Men and Women
Snappy FaU Styles ln extra quality material, auper^tallored through- 4>QQ
out. Reg. to $60.   Special *9O0
Nifty new modeli In all the deilrei colorings—the vogue of the season. Values
to 140.00.   Special, $9Q  *_(_
„ ...
only .
$5 Down, Ilalanoe W Weekly
• **ne*rm om9t *r mi i h im* wi
(Continued from page I)
dentlal committee to have recognized or conceded this premise,
would have resulted in the L. W.
I. U. delegates' withdrawal. Had
the L, W. X. U. delegatea so wished, they could have obtained
enough vott* at the convention to
have compelled that body to have
accepted their Ideas on the Question. As it was, however, they
could present no argument to back
up their contention other than the
thr'eat of withdrawal.
Let us see how our ideas of the
loggers' representatives would work
out when put in practice. For instance, in the ease of the L. W. I.
U.f suppose for example that the'
L. W. I. U. In the Prince Rupert
district have a membership of 1000;
that they elect a representative to
attend a general convention of the
O. B. U., and instruct him to vote
ln a certain way upon a Question
whloh ia bound to come before the
convention. Suppoae further, that
the membership in the Frince
Oeorge diatrict. numbered 600;
that these members had also elected a delegate to the same convention, and had given bim Instructions whloh were diametrically opposite to those received by his confrere from Rupert. The h. W. I.
U. delegates contend that when
these delegatea arrive at the convention, lt ls the duty of the
credential committee to average
the voting strength of these two
delegates. In this caae eaoh delegate would be entitled to vote for
760 members. In other worda, 260
membera ln the Prince Rupert dis.
trict not only have their vote cancelled, but their vote is given to
the opposition. It Is quite reasonable to auppwe that the L. W. I.
U. delegates would enter yun certain doubts as to whether the committee wonld aeoept their Ideas on
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central labor Oonneil
lead tb* Km (torn tk( Prairie Metropolis
Subscription priee $2.00 per yetr; $1.00 for tix^monthi
jfbdreea all communication! with respect to aubi and advts., to
HAIUIY WILLCOCKS, Buslneis Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor should
be addressed to J. HOUSTON, same address.
thli point
The more one examinee the stand
taken by the loggers' delegates, the
more obvious does lt become that
they themselves were laboring under a misconception aa to the ruling of the committee. Thli Is best
evidenced In the statement handed
to the convention Is which they
undertook to give the reasons for
their action. The lirst objection
reads as follws:
"We do not agree to your Interpretation of the constitution that
we are not eligible to seat your full
delegation, on the grounds that we
are.In arrears with per capita.;'
No such Interpretation was
made. Then, they state: "We claim
the right to sit on the basis ot
Clause 18." This claim was never
contended by the committee. Here
Is the nact:
"That our protest ia justified is
admitted by your own action in
seating delegates from Thundor
Bay Council and other units who
are themselves in arrears."
That absolute confusion existed
ln the minds of tho delegates, is
proven positively by thla objection.
The same ruling which seated the
L. W. I. U. delegates of the Coast
district, also seated the Thunder
Bay delegates referred to. To the
credential committee it seemed only
fair", ln faco of peculiar condltlona
which confronted them, that ln the
event of districts, central councils,
etc., sending more delegates to the
convention than they were entitled to according to Clause 18,
that lt would be equitable to seat
the delegates and divide their voting strength amongst .them.
Their next objection read, as
"You have seated delegates from
units on the basis ot their membership, as recorded by the last
month for which they paid per
capita, and we claim the ume
Only delegates representing
membership with per capita paid
up to date, came under this ruling.
The L. W. I. U. delegates representing an organization delinquent
ln their per capita payments came
under the second ruling. This was
tho same ruling applied to Thunder
Bay. Discrimination Is then charged In their next statefhent in the
following words:
"Tou have discriminated, against
us and ln favoi"of Thunder Bay
Council and other units W seating
them on a basis other than tbat in
Clause 17 and 18. Tou are allowing them to divide their votei
equally amongst their delegates,
and we claim the same right."
This atatement that discrimination was shown/ is a prevarication
of the truth. The L. W. I. U. delegates were seated on exactly the
same basts as the Thunder Bay
.delegates. The L. W. I. U. delegates were allowed to divide their
votes In exactly the same manner
as the Thunder Bay delegatea. The
Btatement closes with the following:
"We have made repeated offers
to fulfill our per capita obligation
In accord with our ability to do so."
If this ts so, why did they not
; make some proposition to the ere-
, dentlal committee? It Is useless
' for the L. W. I. U. delegates to fulminate at what the convention aid,
or did not do. Whatever the convention did which, in. the opinion
of the Lumber Workers' delogates,
ls contrary to the best Interests ot
their organization, wai done solely
on aocount of their absence from
the convention. The' faot remains,
If the membership of the I.. W. I.
V. had thought that delegates re-
The greatly reduced prices quoted below are
another example of my willingness to do more
than my part to lower the hurtful prices that are
retarding a return to a proper peace basis.
Values that have no equal since previous to
the war.
$38 Values '
Sale Price _..
$46 Values.
. Sale Price ■_..
$56 Values.
Sale Price ......
$65 Values
Sale Price..
$75 Values.
Sale Price ....
$80 Values.
Sale Price _...
$90 Values.
Sale Price	
$100 Values.
Sale Price	
Don't fail to see our windows
====== They tell the story ==
Robinson's Clothes Ltd.
Oorner Hastings and Richards Streeta
Vll  |  | ||| t|  ■—■■■*■"■■■■■■•"■■■■—■*"•"••*—"•
presenting Central councils, dlstriot boardi, etc., from all overt
Canada could havo represested
them, they would not have sent a
delegation to Fort Arthur.
The question is: Why did the
Lumbar Workers* deelgnte* leave
the convention?
Tours fot tho 0. B. U.
N. BOOTH.   )
jcufflneers' Wages
Bdltor B. C. federatlonist:!
For a considerable time various
employers around Vancouver have
been sending to the business .agent
ot the International Union of
Steam Engineers whenever they required a good docile engineer who
had no radical tendencies for Andrew Russell, business agent for
the engineers, had promised to cooperate with them in putting the
O. B. U. out of business.
Probably that was the co-operation that Russell. was thinking
about when he made the statement
at the international Trades and
Labor pouncll meeting, that he
was sure that capital and Labor
could co-operate, for the employ
ers were already co-operating with
him by sending to hts offlce when
they required an engineer.
A different condition of affairs
exists now* for since the present
slump tn Industry commenced engineers are that busy chasing a Job
for themselves that employers do
not need Russell's co-operation to
secure one for them, and tho wages
they are offering are so low that
even members Cf the International
Engineers Union are beginning to
doubt Russell's statement'that he
was sure that capital and Labor
could co-operate;
Recently a membor of tho O. B.
IT. was flred from one of the laundries ln this city, and they advertised for another engineer. They
received applications from about
fifty, and secured the services of
one for* about half the wage that
they were paying to the O. B. U.
If this ls the state of affairs for
engineers at the beginning of the
slump, what is lt going to be in another few months?
During the coming winter some
of the present members of the International Union of Engineers,
who went back on the O.' B. U.,
will be mado to realize that Andrew Russell cannot prevent employees from reducing wages and if
they want to prevent employers
from forcing them back to the old
11 ahd 13 hour shifts at even less
wsges than they now recefre for 8
hours,, they will be compelled to
get back into the O. $. U, movement
It may be, however, moro in
keeping with the dignity of mem
bers of the International Union of
Steam Engnlecrs to accept a reduction lh wages and longer1 hours of
labor, providing they are able. to
retain a business agent who Is an
engineer, rather than be In an organization that takes in all mem
bers of the working clan*.
On the Lumber Workers
Editor B. C. Federatlonist:
It is very discouraging to note
that the officials of the L. W. L U.
are UBing every effort, they are cap'
able ot In order to misconstrue the
happenings at the Port Arthur' convention, and to present their own
foolish actions there In the light of
injured innocence, and .thua gain
the lost prestige of their membership.
Healthy organization and class
education seem sto have been entirely forgotten, nnd all their energies devoted to a justification of
their' position and a further attempt to control and, dictate to the
rest of the One Big Union.
ThlB misrepresentation is particularly glaring in an article which
appeared in the Ii. C. Federationist
of October 15, under the heading,
"SiibotftlngoPor Capita," on tlie
lumber worker^' page. In this article Secretary Winch (I think I am
correct In placing the authoiishlp),
makes many mtstatements of fact,
and by careful insinuations attempts to pTuco total misconceptions, ln the minds of tlie uninitiated.
Tho first part of the article Is an
attompt to prove that tho officers
nf the L. W. I. U. had not sabotaged the per capitn, and the writer"
then goes on to stnte that If a district needs the money they have the
right to use it In preference to paying per capita. He also stales that
Vancouver and Winnipeg councils
alao havo followed out this policy,
nnd then by u JmnMe of figures, he
no doubt succcoiIh to a sreat cx-
tent*tn biding the real issue.
It Is evidently again necessary to
point out that tho miners finding
it necessary to use aU their resources locnily, applied for and received exemption from payment of
por capita frum tho Goneral Executivo Board. They were, therefore,
given their full repr'ec.entatlon.
Vancouvor Central Labor Council,
as the writer states, also withhold
per capita, but not showing reasons why or asking for exemption,
thoy knew they were not entitled
to representation and consequently
did not*send a delegate.
The lumber workers, bring In the
samo category ro tho non-payment
of per capita (It ls not a question
of how they used flic money), wero
foolish enough or arrogant enough
to demand full representation on a
basis of alleged membership.
The statement regarding Winnipeg Is absolutely untruo. Tho
writer1 says, "Winnipeg stated they
had 8000 members but had only
paid per capita on 50G0 for August,"
and he argues from this that they
must be sabotaging oh por capita,
Winnipeg council had only received
per capita from D00Q members for
August, and consequently were no£
foolish enough to expect representation for' Its moro than 8000 membership.
In proof of this, I can assure the
writer that he can delegate some
ono to see the records, of the council at any time. He asks the question: "Doos any one suggest that
the lumber workers' headquarters
should pay per capita which they
do not receive? Tho answer Is
"no," with the exception of tho
writer of the article himsolf, who,
In the abovo statement, suggests
thut if the Winnipeg council does
not do so, thoy are sabotaging on
per capita. •
If Winnipeg had boen of tho
same mind ns tbo officials of the
lumber workers, they would Have
Hcnt doublo tho delegates thoir payment of per capita ontlled them to,
using tho money (hey should have
paid in per capita to advance the
delegates' expenses, expecting the
general organidfc. on to assume the
financial burden by the pooling of
transportation, and then have acted like peeved children nnd with-
twn from the convention If onr
ms, coupled with our petty
sats, were not gratified.
'he writer also makes another
.attempt to misrepresent the findings of the credential committee,.
and the conditions which led to
their various rulings. He atates,
fn brackets, that representation for
.June and July were excluded because these rfnonths were In dispute.
This I wish to again emphatically
.deny. These two months were not
In dispute, the report gave no returns for theBe two months, no'per
capita had beon paid, no real attempt had been made to pur, no
proposition had been made to the
credential committee, and consequently by no stretch of the Imagination could tho credential committee give Representation for these
months, or consider the matter to
be In dispute.
He further states that May was
missod out by the credential committee, and that lt was not until
tne Wednesday mornlug after the
error had been pointed out to them
that they made the correction,
changing the representation of the
coast delegates fr'om 610 each to
646, and the Prince Oeorge delegates from 100 to 150. This again
Is a deliberate attempt.to mislead,
It is quite true that May was not
Included, for the simple reason that
Winch himself had purposely lumped tho per capita for that month
Instead of apportioning It to the
proper districts, as he had done
previously. When the credential
committee observed this they sent
for Winch and asked what proportion of this total ths various districts were entitled to, to which he
replied thnt it was to go to the L.
W. I. U. as a whole and not to any
districts. Therefore, the omission
of May p$r capita was entirely up
to Winch himself. Later, a list of
tho portion due each district was
submitted, and would have been
discussed by tbe committee If. the
lumber workers delegation had not
takon an attitude which rendered
the furthor sitting of the credential
committee superfluous. The statement that any change whs made
In tho report ln this respect ls Incorrect, as a glance at the final report will prove.
One wonders why such a statement is made, considering that the
official report Is In circulation to
refute his statements, and the writer cannot be in ignorance of the
.facts even apart from the report,
asthc was never tired of getting into
-privato conversation with lndlvld-
tidt members of the credential committee, even though he would not
give any Information when requested to do so while the committee was
in session. ,
.jrThe whole article ls an attempt
'to*discredit the O. B. U. in the eyes
of the working-class, ar^d the writer
'** such cifnnot pose In any other
TOle than as an enomy to the or-
gtinlzatton. It Is to be hoped that
.Ke rank and file will get wise to
the machine tactics that these Individuals are attempting to Impose
,Of>on the O. B. U. and rid the move.
ment once and for all of those who
•-ai'o so strenuously working to es-
ta! 'iBh them.
It is to the workers themselves
that the appeal must be made, to
study the make-up of their own organization, to do the necessary
thinking and not trust that impor-
tnnt function to leaders, nnd If they
will do that, we shell have as a consequence of this dispute a healthier, cleaner and moro effective
movement. Yours for* the One Big
Uirloh? F. WOODWARD.
In view of tho extent of tho cor-
jwpondenoo on tli'.s mihjeot that
li:vi already appeared, and that the
■natter is uow hi the bands of the
jncmhorslifn, no further eorro-pon-
rirw-e on this subject from officials
nr Individual members will be pub.
l^hnJ. Impressions of opinion of
t;.ie rank and file as made by units,
of enmp meetings only, n'lll be pub-
Government Closes Daily
(By the Federated Press.)
Calcutta.—Gag measures are being used by the British government
on thu Indian press.
The governor of Bengal has ordered all copies of tho Hartal programme leuflet in Bengali issued
by Huhumud Kkrum Khun, secretary of thii Bengal Khllafat committee, ctmriscutcd, and all the July
26th iHsttoa of tho new vernacular
daily "Navayug." The authorities
iii.lie that the leaflet has a tendency to excite disaffection towurds
thp government.
, 'f'he Indian press of Delhi has
yfjQen closed by order of tho district
magistrate, pending a deposit of
loG, for printing a Lhllafat poster
objectionable to tlie government.
''Strikes which havo begun In the
government printing offices here
are spreading throughout tho
Wtiole eountry. Resolutions passed
af'tho rocoht mass meeting of the
(_l'engal Liberty Academy urge the
strikers to hold out for weeks or
[months lf nocesBary until their do-
'mand for fixed salaries on thc basis of a seven-hour day are granted.
' 'Auckland, N. Z.—A proposal to
bring apprenticed boys from England hus been mado by the New
Zealand government. F. N. Bart-
ram, labor member of parliament,
said this bringing of tho indentured
system to New Zealand would be
opposed by labor.
Owing to the salo of tlio Vancouver Labor Temple, tho offices of
Iho I VdcrntlonM have bcen moved
to Iluou.g 1 nnd 2, Victoria Block,
U42 Pcudcr Street West. Correspondents aro requested to make
nolo of this,
Just to remind you that It only
costs 10 cents to got "Bohind the
Bars" from this offlee.
Russian Soviet System for
Benefit of Toiling
(By tht Federated Press.)
What Soviet Ruuia. la doing with
the pa|*css whloh once housed the
aristocracy la let forth by Commissar Chtcherin In his reply to Ur.
Balfour, the British secretary for
foreign affairs. Having shown the
Inaccuracy of Balfour's charge that
the soviet regime haa not improved
the well-being of the common people or Russia, .Chtcherin saya:
"Mr. Balfour ls once more completely misinformed If he thinks
that the riches of the upper olass
In, Russia have simply been destroyed, and have not become the
patrimony of the whole community. The marvela of art, which formerly adorned the palaces of
princes or great financiers, are how
available to the whole nation, and
have become a source of delight to
the great masses, who formerly
were out ofl from the highest Joys
of life. -These palaces are now
palaces of the people and the
homea of great popular institutions
In whioh the life of the nation
"The luxurious dwellings of the
aristocracy have bsen converted Into great popular clubs, ln which
the working community enjoys life,
listens to music, sees good plays,
participates ln political discussions,
attends scientific lectures, or amply spends Its free time In friendly
"Popular theatres, popular concerts, popular scientific Institutions
are multiplying dally ln the suburbs
of the great oities, as well as n
remote villages. Special Institutes
of proletarian culture are Initiating
the great working masses Into all
the. mysteries of art and science,
and every human talent finds generous encouragement, enabling It
to develop its hlghest'posalbllltles.
"The houses of the rich have
been given the poor, and those who
formerly rotted ln slums now en-
Joy the benefits of good housing.
Technical inventions are now utilized to promote the welfare ot tbe
great masses, and electricity appears even in villages where primitive conditions hitherto prevailed.
"Popular soup kitchens and communal feeding bring relief, In the
painful conditions crsated by the
blockade, to the great masses,
which under any other syatem
would have been a complete Impossibility. The great working community of Russia has taken Ita.fate
into its own hands, ln the form of
the Soviet system. Peaoe alone Is
needed In order to enable It to develop Its incalculable possibilities.
Peace ls. therefore, bur fundamental aim, and Russia's war with Poland was only an episode In her
struggle for peace."
Convention Says Brlcklayen Were
Often Left "Carrying the Bag"—
Henco Its Action
Cleveland.—Strikes . by local
unions In sympathy with other
building trades crafts are forbidden as a result of action of the
International Union of Bricklayers,
Masons and Plasterers in convention here. It is declared that often
ln the paBt bricklayers have struck
to aid other crafts and then have
been left "holding the sack" because the others have returned to
work under conditions to which the
bricklayers would not submit.
A resolution asking that the
bricklayers withdraw from the A.
P. of L. was voted down unanimously except for one vote cast by
its author.
Old Government Resigns und Pro-
ItolBhcvlkl Regime EHtab-
llKluxl, Says Disimteh
London — Resignation   of   thc
Lithunlan government and establishment there of a pro-Bolshevik
regime   ls   reported   In   a  Central
News despatch from Riga.
The members of the Domestic
Servant Union of Winnipeg, have
gone over to the Oeneral Workers
Unit of the O. B. U.
Assayers, Prospectors ami Surreyon
The B.C School of Pharmacy k Science
Cnwa Bnildmi, 615 PENDER ST. W. PUe Iv. 17*
A separate Department te giv* PRACTICAL training W Pre*
pectors, Asssyers and Surveyors kai beea established la tk*
above Institution. *
Any maa wko haa ambition to Improve kis position will Sad th*
opportunity her*.
These'are PRACTICAL courses fer PRACTICAL mea by PRACTICAL Lecturer*. It Is not merely theoretical work which could
be obtained from beokK
The department ts ln charge of Hr. Stanley Foulds and Mr. B. .,
P. Wljson, D.L.S., who have spent many yean at th* work.        it
For particulars writ* or call on th* Principal, P. I. BAIN?        *
SOTS—As a proof ol tet ■etkods, the Mbvtag malls wer. .Malted by ss
daring lh* past yesr: 1st pltce la lbs B. O. heat Betinm' flaalr *"*
Slse. In B. 0. Land flamyors' Prelbalaafy  " 
cl.no. Iat.; 1st place la B. O. Miter aad
O. Law Preliminary.
. 1st piste Is B. O. Ualr. Applied
Baler ttttmaty; ltt place u B.
Ib* Old EsttbHtlMd Firm
Patents       Trade Marks       Designs       Copyright*
Otlei oSoet—Otttwa, Toronto, UeatneLHtmlHn, Whelm, Bam
Jobs, In ClBiJt; Mew Tort tndWtiUasts*. P. C . 0. 0. A.
Social Democrats Refute to Eater
Parliament—All Bava
Vienna—Owing   to   the   ftcent
general election In Austria, resulting favorably to the Christian Socialists, the Social Democrat* hav*
refuted to enter Into the new coalition.   All Social Democratlo membera ef the ministry bave resigned
somewhat    prematurely,    without
watting for the parliamentary cabinet to be formed.   The vacant of
fices. Including that of Dr. Renner,
foreign minister, have been filled
Prophet* agree that Austria will
soon be added to th* list af ooua-
trfss which eaa aot obtain a parliamentary government aad mail
fortn it* cabinet from Ita expert*.
The new government.' when (orated, will hav* t* take over a budget
ter the coming flnanclal yew
which shew* a deficit of a* Iss*
than ll.Mt.MMOt kronea.
Contribution to Winnipeg itrlk*
dependent*' fund from Robert Dollar eamp, Union Bay, amenattag
te It, by DeL Miller.
r« Twtaty fun wt btvt lent* «Ut Unite Stamp fir ue saiar ser
'   om stamp muni:
Pitctfnl OtUicMvt larsalalag
FerbUs Brth strike ttt Leekeeti
DUpatti SttUtd ty AiMMMaa
Steady ample ymoet sad Skilled Wl
Prtapt Diuvimi tt Hums sad
Peice tad Sncctu tt WttUn tad Batlejw*
rroiptilty ef Sate Ktklag O—ataTwis
As leyal alien sa aad was*, ws t*
yen to dtatad tktsi beetle*  tbe  abate
Pale* sump ea Salt, Luele er Uatag.
OtlUt Lsrdy, Oeatctl rreeUcet,   Obttlet L. Bsss», gwttil itc.Trtts.
tnaoa tuna
The M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
Mia titan imieilly iHtsdil U
Guaranteed to HMd Caulks aad An Theroathly WatertlgM
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS * SON
Neit Doer to Loners' HaU
Phone Seymoar SM . Repairs Doa* Whil* Toa Watt
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Banquet*, Pet Plant!
Ornamental and Shade Trees, leeds, Bulbs, Florists' SandhM
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
dl Haatings Stntt East 7U Oranvlll* Street
Seymour 01041* .   Seymour ISIS
When you go to buy a pair of shoes do
you Insist on seeing the label? When
you come to this store you can get just
the shoe you want and It will have the
The Ingledew Shoe Company -
."Union-Made Footwear"   '
Rt. Hon. Arthur Meighen
will address citizens of Vancouver
Tonight, Friday, October 29th
Hotel Vancouver FAGE EIGHT
no. 44    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY October 11, HM
Boys' Dept., Seoond Floor
Splendid Overcoats
at $30 and $35
Handsome Coats you can't duplicate
at less than $40 to $45. Either in the
fine pure-wool quality, or in the full
distinctive lines. We promise you that.
Satisfaction absolutely guaranteed on
your money back basis. Three styles
—the free, swinging raglan; the form-
fitting, double-breasted model for
young men, or the big, double-breasted
Ulster. You can make your choice.
$37.50      $40     $50     to     $75
Copyright \_t ftutSphaffnuitMaa
The Home of
Hart Schaffner and Marx Clothes
Canada's largest Exclusive Storo
for Men and Boys
Patronize Fed. advertiser'
Buy at a union store.
Zaneth of Winnipeg Fame
Busy in City of
Hoars 1 to 5 uid br Appointment,
Boy. 858S
Bay. 402SR
(Continued from page 1)
governments has evidently been inspired by the American financial
magnates that control this country.
There will no doubt be many workers that are of the opinion that.the
election of a Liberal government
at the next "election will provide a
remedy for these conditions, but
the flght between the Liberals and
the present government is a flght'
between the manufacturing interests and the financial institutions
that control both the government
and the manufacturers. No doubt
we shall hear more of "Zaneth's"
aottvities in the future, and full
publicity wilt be given to them.
Patronize Federationist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Blue Serge Suits
$50°°  .
Fashion Craft
Thos. Foster & Co., Ltd.
Our North End Specials ln
Ready-to-Wear for
the Whole Family
ire worthy of yonr conild«»tioi^
eiptcUUy when yoa cm got
Juit pay • littlo down ud a Uttlt
•seta weok.
All Can be Outfitted Here—
Tho Little Mtos, tbe Little
Boy, Also Mother and Father
On the "New York's" perfect
oredit plan, which is s satisfactory
way to buy and pay.
Stylish, serviceable, winter
coats in rejourn, tweeds, silver-
tones, etc., some trimmed with
far. Extra
II JII.IIII-U     Willi
mide of guaranteed blue SV/gO.
this li tho belt
▼slue   ln   town,
Extra special ....
Mtde of  hard-wearing   clothes
to itand rough wear.   Styles to
suit agei
- to 13. Extra
In popular juvenile styles,   to
auit ages I to 12.   All selling
tomorrow at
Rubberised tweed overcoats ln
various  new pftterns,   guaranteed shower
proof. Extra
Praises Federationist and
States Craft Unions .
Are Doomed
Carl N. Heijne, secretary and organizer for the O. B. U. at Los Angeles, 'Stayed off long enough in
San Francisco to give a talk at Debs
hall. Heijne is touring the state,
speaking here and there, and forming uniona wherever he can get
enough workers to take out a charter. He brought with him pamphlets printed in his city, which are
to be eent broadcast throughout the
state, and has the One Big Union
label on it, printed by printers that
own a O. B. U. shop In that city.
He spoke at length, explaining to
his hearers, that the time was not
far off, when the old craft unions
would be a thing of the past, and
gave an 'illustration by mentioning
the fact that right in Oakland,
the Judson Iron Works locked out
800 union men, belonging to the A.
P. ol L, and that the concern would
re-open under the American plan.
which, of course, ment the open
Continuing his remarks, he informed his audience that the Boilermakers Union, No. 285. of Los
Arties, had before the shipyard
stride, a membership of H2<i0 members, while today UK-re are only
l.'i !eft ln the unioi., and half of
these are carrying o. E  U. cards.
ln closing his rcinu*-l*t:, he advised the workers to rail? and study,
anu keep in touch witfl the B. C.
Federatlonist, whicli ho jlalmed was
one of tho best papers, on the Ain-
ericMi continent.
Lieut. Egan, Speaking at Nanaimo,
Says Irish Question Linked
Up with Ll'uerty
A well*attended meeting of the
Self-Determination for Ireland
League of Canada, was held In the
Dominion Hall, Nanaimo, on Sunday evening, Oct. 24,
The chair was taken by Mr. Andrew Dean, who in h s opening
remarks, stated that all his life he
had been interested In Ireland's
cause, and as he was in favor of
liberty for all people, he naturally
supported Ireland's demnnd for
freedom. He introduced the speaker of the evening as Lieut. N. J.
Egan, M. C, late of the Imperial
Lieut. Egan, during the course
of an interesting address, told his
audienco that the Irish question to.
day had attained international importance, because the principle of
i liberty wns involved. "If," he said,
"we concede England's right to
govern Ireland against tho wishes
of the majority of the Irish, people, we establish a precedent that
may in time to come strike at the
root of the liberty of the world."
He pointed out that Ireland, had
won her right to self-determination
by her' sacrifices ln the great war,
which compared favorably with
those of any other nation, Ireland's flght ls the fight of democracy throughout the world, and
the Labor. party" in England has
recognized the injustice of the present government. If Ireland is
crushed by the capitalistic forces
lead by the orchihypocrite .Lloyd
George, the blow will be felt by
organized labor In every part of
the world. No man can be accused
of treason for supporting the principle of self-determination, and
every Canadian should support Ireland In her demand fgr that God-
given right.
An Interesting discussion followed the speaker's address, and thc
following resolution was nuanlm-
oualy passed: "Resolved, thnt this
meeting is in favor of the principle of self-determination, and
whereas Irishmen have made such
splendid efforts ln the cause of
liberty, we pledge them our' moral
and financial support,"
German Socialists Accent
Lenin's Conditions for
Joining Third
Berlin, Germany-^After a five
days' excited debate, the voting of
the delegates took place at the Independent Socialist Party congress
at Halle to decide whether Nicholas
Lenin's 21 conditions for admission of the party to the Communist
International be accepted or rejected. The result of the voting was
as follows:
Por acceptance 220
For rejection 137
The reading of the figures by the
chairman occasioned great excitement, the extremists singing revolutionary songs. The chairman of
the conference then said that as a
section of the Independent Party
had accepted thc conditions and
automatically joined the Communist Party, they no longer formed
part of the Independent Socialist
Par^'. He appealed to the moderate minority, who still* remained
members of the party, to leavo the
congress building. The extremist
majority, who r'emalned In the congress building, then decided to join
the German Communist Party. A
fiery speech, welcoming them into
the Communist movement, was delivered by Mr. Lenin's representative, Mr. Slnowsjew,
British and American
Governments Alleged
(By a Special Correspondent for
(the Federated Press).
Galesburg, 111.—The Illinois State
Federation of Labor meeting here
for Us 38th annual convention,
unanimously voted to Instruct its
secretary to forward to tho state
department at Washington the protest of the convention against, "the
unprecedented persecution of the
Federated Press, and especially to
demand to know if it be true,, as
reported, that the etate department requested, advised, encouraged, or facilitated the deportation
from 'England of E. J. Costello,
managing editor of the Federated
E. N. Nockels, seoretar'y of the
Chicago Federation of Labor, mode
a motion to this effect after Robert
M. Buck, chn'rmnn of the board.of
directors of the Federated Presa,
had informed the convention of the
action of the British governmtnt.
Delegate Allen S. Haywoody a
mine worker1, charged that Cos-
tello's expulsion was a deliberate
conspiracy between the state department and the British government to suppress reliable news in
this country concerning the British
coal strike.
I want the men that are healthy,
I want the men that are strong,
I want the men that can Stand the
Of the march that Ifl weary and
These are the men I will cherish,
I will scatter their bones on the
I will leave you the weak and the
aged ones,
To build up your race again.
—Will S. Forsyth,
Buy at a union store.
Best Quality—Right Prices
223 Carrall   Street.
Sey. 1250
World   Diplomacy   and
Politics Getting All
Mixed Up
. (By the Federated Press.)
Washington — Because "radical"
Australia, Nov/ Zealand and South
Africa would claim the same rrlyt*
lege the British cabinet has sud
d-nlv ] evoked t_ p«r.*]'ftlun fi>r
t ie b n^ing of a res' •-. t hli,:1> commissioner from Canada to the capital ol the United States, it Is learned In diplomatic circles here.
Canadian business men were exulting In the achievement of a representative in Washington, and Canadian politicians were' conceding
a triumph for the government ut
Ottawa, whon the news of the latest 'boutface on the part of Premier
Lloyd George and his associates arrived.
One suggested explanation is the
possible early capture of Australia
and South Africa by the labor and
Socialist forces. Another Is the embarrassment to British Imperial
policy with a strong anti-Japanes
representative of .Australia might
create here.
Old Regime Hangovers Are No
Longer Recognized by tlie
Chinese Government
The Chinese government recently
withdrew recognition of Russian
diplomats and consular representatives. These representatives are
hangover's from the old regime and
havo been . supporting themselves
on the Boxfer indemnity to Russia
of about $3,325,000 a year. The
present Russian government has,
of courso, had nothing to do with
them, and whon the Bolsheviki regime came Into power one of Its
flrat acts was to renounce Russia's
right to this indemnity' nnd to control of" the Chinese. Eastern Railway. The Alli?s refuse to let China
accept Russia's surrender of the
Boxer Indemnity, and China at the
present time ha* 30.000,000 starving to death with famine.
Thousands Suffer in Russia Through Heartless
[By Paul Hanna]
(For the Federated  Press)
Washington.—Food, clothing and
medicines gathered In Esthonia by
the American Red Cross for use
lh Soviet Russia .are spoiling In
storago ' because the American
State department will not permit
the Red Cross to go forward with
the work of relief.
That Secretary of State Colby Is
entirely responsible for this delay,
while thousands of women and
children die every week of plague
and exposure within a few miles
of the Impounded supplies, was
stated at tho headquarters of the
American Red Cross hero today.
An official of tho Red Cross said:
"Not a day Has passed within
thc last twelve months that we
have not discussed ways«nd means
to overcome restraint, and go to
the relief of Soviet Russia. But
thc Stato department has not changed its policy; indeed, It has very
recently Indicated its refusal to'
allow any one to* enter Soviet
Tens of Thousands Tramp Streets
Looking   for  That   Ever
Elusive Job
Detroit, Mich.—No improvement
In the unemployment situation has
been noticeable to careful observers In spite of the reassuring reports 'emanating from tbe chambers of the employers' associations,
Tens of thousands continue to
tramp the city streets in search of
Union molders, patternmakers,
machinists and others are hit by
the present crisis, Some 400 patternmakers out of a total of 1200
are out of jobs, Between seven and
eight hundred union molders have
also beon laid off the past four
Los Angeles Transportation Unit
is making splendid headway. Arrangements are being made for a
big dance on October SO.
Largest Men's-, Store in the West
Everlastingly At It
to give our oustomers the Very beet
values that market conditions, good
judgment and buying power will allow.
Tweed and Rubberized _nr J Aon
Tweed Coats at ejLO &HQ $JU
See this big-valued line in Suits and
Coats _. $35 to $65
"Your Money's Wor% or Your Money
^^ Limited /^
^^^ 46-47-49 HASTINGS-STBfeET EAST^^T
Russia Takes Hand in Defending Members of
Former Soviet
(By the Federated Press.)
Vienna.—The Soviet government
of Russia has determined to take
drastic steps toward protecting the
ten members of the former Soviet
government of Hungary now being
tried In Buadpest befrre a court
made up of reactionary supporters
of Admiral Horthy for their activities during the brief Bela Kun regime. A measage sent to Paul Tel-
ekl, the Hungarian premier and
minister of foreign affairs, by
Oeorge Tchicherln, Russian commissioner of foreign affairs, threatens reprisals in case of a harsh
The trial of the ex-People's Com
missloners began early.In the sum
mer and has dragged along without
any result being reached -which
would give the Russian government
occasion to carry out its threats.
In the meantime tho Austrian high
court has refused to extradite other
members of the Bela Kun Soviet
government demanded by the Hungarian reactionaries. It ls said that
some of the hostages named in the
Bolshevist message are highly connected in Hungary and that the
Horthy administration would hardly care to run the risk of exposing
them to execution.
Natives to Elect Two-tblrdfe of tlio
Legislature—Senate to
Ro Nominated
The British government ts trying to reduce discontent by the
creation of an Indian parliament,
consisting of a small nominated
Senate, and a Legislative Assembly of somo 140 members, of whom
more than two-thirds are native-
means, thc people of India are to
bo directly associated in the Central government through men of
their own choosing; and the policy
of the responsibility of native ministers to the representative chamber—which, Indeed, ls rather Implied than explicitly asserted In tlje
act—is to be progressively developed.
Offers New Way to Purge Capitalist Presa of Anttl-Lubor
(By tho Federated Press)
Glasgow.—Trade unionists were
offered a new way to purge the
capitalist press of anti-labor propaganda in the presidential address
of George Kerr, Glasgow, at the
annual conference of the Scottish
Labor party. It was that trade
unionists should only be allowed to
work on newspapers which placed
"a reasonable proportion of their
space" at the disposal of a press
organization representing the various sections of the Labor movement.
Mr. Kerr said the most obvious
need of Industrial -and political
labor today waa to destroy the almost complete control of the
newspapers uttering a variety of
conflicting opinions on public questions.
Business Men Have Grown Tired
of Machinations of Ameriean Government.
(By The Federated Press)
"Washington—An exciting theory
is abroad here concerning tho ar
rival of $339,638 in gold from
Soviet Russia, reported»ln a statement by the Federal Reserve
Board. Tills gold is said to constitute a commercial credit establish
ed in the United States by the
Soviet Government, In ngreoment
with and through thc assistance of
certain Iur^o American exporters
and bankers. These business men
ure represented . aa having grown
weary of Uie Illegal and wasteful
blockade of Russia conducted by
the Wilson administration, nnd to
have taken matters Into their own
hands to enforce their lawful right
to trado with any country with
which tho United States ls not at
Hog? at Forum
Sunday at 3 p. m
(Continued from page 1)
and writo and enforce laws by
which the producers and not the
parasites would own the natural
wealth and the products of labor.
A land policy could be introduced
that-would, he believed, be endorsed at the polls by the great
iiulk of workers.
Another speaker said the time
had passed for the box scat Socialists who were waiting for the collapse of capitalism, _ when they
would only have to walk ln and
take control and everything would
be lovely. Experiences during the
last fow yeara have proved that no
such happy road to the Industrial
republic can be expected. What Is
needed today are men and women
who will discipline themselves and
develop their mental and moral
powers, especially their administrative ability, so that when the helm
of state is capturod by the workers
It can be held firmly so that no
counter-move on the part of the
masters can dislodge them.
Moscow—Latest census figures
show that the population of Petrograd Is 889,000, of whioh 885,000
are women, The Province of Petrograd, including the capital, number 1,000,000 people.
Five of Minnesota's patriots have
paid W. W. Wrabek, a Nonpartisan
League farmer of Le Seur county,
11675 as personal damages for mob
violence,   ,
Men's High
Cut Boots
$9 and $10
Guaranteed to wear. Made in
Black Urus Calf and Tan Army-
Grain; outside counters and
solid leather soles. As near
waterproof as leather can be
10-in. tops....  $9.00
12-in. tops....$10.00
See Our Windows
Thousands Out of Work
in City of London
(London Herald Cable by W. N.
London—Recently at Whitehall,
mounted police beat up a crowd of
unemployed, moat of whom were ex-
soldlers. Fifteen labor' mayors of
London boroughs had gone to see
Premier Lloyd George to urge that
the government provido work or
maintenance for the thousands who
are now out of work In London
alone. A large number of unemployed accompanied the mayors,
making a great and orderly demonstration.   .
While the mayors were talking
with Lloyd George, the police began
to hustle the crowd. Soon the mayors had come out and the police renewed their efforts to annoy the
crowd. Suddenly the bobbles charged, using new long sword batons,
Twenty-seven were injured. Even
under this provocation the crowd
remained peaceful, and If lt was
the Intention of the government lo
deliberately provoke a riot tho attempt fai!ed.
The capitalist press la spreading
stories of "riotous crowds," but according to the personal testimony
of George Lansbury, the Herald
edltr, whb ls also Mayor of Poplar,
the crowd, was, absolutely orderly
until the police began their provo-
Contribution from Walked &
Egan'a camp, Klldala, to maintenance fund, amounting to $137.12.
Per Del. Nicholson.
The price of copies of Prltch
ard's address to the jury, Dixon'
address and the history of lb
Winnipeg btrike lias been redi
to 10 cts. per copy. Tho Wlnnlpe,
defonse committee Is also lssulni
Defense Fund Stomp*, the price o
which is 25 cents each.
Cartoonists fall a little short o
the truth when they ahow Big Bt
riding on the back of the workti
Unlike any other beast of burden
the worker not only carries bu
feeds his rider.
W. E. Fenn's School
Humes: Sey. 101—Sey. 3058-O
Social Dances Monday. Wednes-,
day and Saturday.
H. Walton
Specialist in   Electrical   Treatment!.
Violet Raj- ud Hlfh Frequency tu
Rheumatism,  Sciatica, Lumbago, Ru-
•1. .Is, Hair   and   Help   Treatment.,
Chronic Ailment.. O
Pbone Seymour 3048
19B Haitian Straal Wait.
The Daddy
of Them All
"Good, better, best
■  Never let it rest.
Till the good is better
And the better .best.
The natural result of experience ls    improvement.   What   was
good a year or two years ago can  now be usrpassed,
Vancouver haa many good cafea, It Is about to see the opening of the "finest of them al).
Mr. N. Kogoa, founder of the Golden Gate Cafe Cafe will soon
demonstrate atrate that new delights await the restaurant-goers
of this fair oity, when he opens his new Broadway Cafe on Hastings Street, will set new standards of comfort culinary art and
all-round   pleasure.   See   this space for further announcements
The Broadway Cafe
Next Door lo   Hotel Irving .
About fifty suits in good shades of
brown, green, grey, etc., in men's and
young men's styles. Every suit in this
lot sold regularly for $55.
Special $44.65
AU other suits reduced 15 per cent.
• LIMITED      I
Corner of Homer ahd Hastings Streets


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