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British Columbia Federationist Feb 1, 1924

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 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRi \TH
SIXTEENTH YEAR.   Nk;\
FOUR PAGES
Published in the Interests of All Wage-Earners
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 1, 1924
POLITICAL UNITY-: VICTORY
5cTcOPY
Impressions of An American Observer of Qreat Britain's
Labor Party
GREAT ALBERT HALL RALLY
Programme of Trades and Labor
Oongress of Canada
for 1924
PRESENTED  TO  MINISTERS
' Pew Dreamed That the Anti-war
Macdonald Would Become
Prime Minister   v
[By the Man from Illinois]
OUCH demonstrations as that in the
•^ Albert hall, London, are not to be
hoped for by the workers of the
United Statea in the near future. As
I was listening to Ml". Macdonald'a
speech I was thinking back to the
days—only a few yearB ago—when he
fought for a principle which was repugnant to the majority of his countrymen. Few men dreamed that the
anti-war Macdonald would be the future Prime Minister Macdonald.
It- has been given to few "to live
long enough to reap the reward of
their consistency." Especially because
I come from a country where tolerance Is not considered the greatest of
virtues, the coming hack ot Macdonald to the place of leadership to which
he Is entitled by his great talents,
seemed to me only short of a miracle,
The speech of Mr. Clynes waB that
of a loyal party member. It was the
simple Inaudible prayer of a veteran
campaigner.
J. H. Thomas talked with the power
of a strong man.
Margaret Bondfleld was a revelation of feminine Intellectuality. For
the most part Bhe Bald things which
I heard ln America. But what she
had to say she said with much charm.
Herbert Morrison Impressed me as
a man with a good deal ot administrative ability. He looked at his audience with the eye the artist looks at
his finished work. As he called out
the different London districts the men
and women in the haU answered aa
the school children answer the roll-
call of their schoolmaster.
The person who put in the forefront
the basic Issues of capitalism and nationalism was Hobcrt Smillie. To me
as a stranger It sounded as if he was
counselling  labor   not  to  forget the
THE RECOGNITION MOVEMENT
Synopsis of Reasons Advanced for
Immediate Action by Federal Government
[Continued from last week]
"FOLLOWING; ls a synopsis of reasons for the adoption of the legislative programme and the requests as
Incorporated In the memorandum of
decisions of the convention of the I
Trades and Labor congress of Canada:
The requests incorporated ln our
present programme are the result
of studied . thought by more than
160,000 afflliated members, and It Is
with a renewed hope of securing aome
definite action on the same that we
present it at this time.
International Labor Organizations
and League of Nations
Bight-hour day, unemployment Insurance, one day'a rest In seven, prevention of lead poisoning, prevention
of anthrax, fixing of minimum age of
admission of children for unemployment on ships, and the guaranteeing
of rights of all workera to organize
being items, 1, 2, 8, 7, 11, 17 in our
legislative programme, are all included in the conventions and recommendations forwarded your government
from the annual conference of the
International Labor organization.
Wte earnestly believe that the Canadian government should sincerely
endeavor to give effect to these and
other decisions of the International
Labor organization, so far as they
can within the competence of federal
jurisdiction, based as they are on the
declaration of principles forming
part 11 of the treaty of Versailles, to
which the Canadian parliament solemnly signified lta adherence.
The labor movement of Canada ls
pledged to support ot the league of
nations and international labor organization, and urges upon the Canadian government to also support the
same, not only by paying Ub financial
contributions and having representation at the annual meetings of these
bodies, but by taking such action aa
fundamental reforms.        	
Qeorge Lansbury'* speech waa familiar to me, because I have heard Bu-
gene Debs before.    They seemed to [will demonstrate to the world Ub con-
have much ln common, ***____ ,„ ,»,„ n_v_aart ftf thftll_ ftiwn1.
It was unmistakable to me that aU
the speakers were liked and respected,
but Smillie, Lansbury and Miss Bondfleld are loved.
I was impressed throughout by the
fervor of theee, speakers; the atmosphere waa that ot a revival meeting.
Arthur Henderson delivered a short
but notable address. He talked like
the general of a great army who foresees that the battle la not yet won,
though the flrst line of enemy trenches
has been carried.
But lt was a great privilege for anyone to be present' and hear the voice
of the people speak.
Chesterton   said   somewhere   in
poem that the people have not spoken
OF
Its Origin in "Divine Right of
Kings," Says J. S. Woods-
worth, II. P.
USED IN M'LACHLAN'S OASE
"Beoause They Oould Not Oet
Him Any Other Way,"
Declares Speaker
T- S.  WOODSWORTH,  Labor  M.P.
for    Centre    Winnipeg,    recently
made a tour of the  Maritime prov-
NICOLAI LENINE DIES
Premier of Soviet Bussia aad
Greatest Communist Sinoe
,  Karl Han '
LEADER    OF    REVOLUTION
He can nover reach tt by continuing his lonely road
RAIL SHE* ENDS
yet.
j-,**^   At the Albert hall I have heard the
English people speak.
The man who opens hla mind to
knowledge Ib in hia way to a better
job and to a keener enjoyment ot life.
Speeches by Messrs, Neelands, M.
I. A., and Maclnnis—
Dr. Telford to Speak
It. H. Neelands, M. L. A., and Angus Maclnnis were the speakera at a
meeting held by the Federated Labor
party at 319 Pender street west,
Saturday evening last, Mr. Maclnnis
spoke on the need of working claaa
political organization In the dominion
of Canada. He referred to the progress made by the BrltlBh Labor party,
and alao to the responsibility which
they had assumed. He stated that
the administrative aucceaa of the British Labor party did not depend wholly
on the party, but a very large extent
on the attitude of the other countries
of the world to the new government
in Great Britain.
R. H. Neelanda spoke on what went
on at the last session of the legislature at Victoria. The Eight-hour Day
.bill waa the most important measure
brought down, aa far as the workers
were concerned, but very little oppor
tunlty was given for discussion on thta
bill, as lt was introduced only a day
and a half before the close of the
session. The government, by it*. Distribution bill, had eliminated the constituency represented by Sam Guthrie
in the present house, by combining lt
with the electoral district of Cowichan,
a mining district with a farming district, despite the fact that the Hon.
John Oliver stated that ln the re-distribution, Identity of interest would
be a consideration.
Sam Guthrie, who waa advertised to
speak, was unable to be present on
.   account of sickness.
Dr. Lyle Telford will apeak at the
same place on Sunday, Feb. 3, at 8
p.m., his subject being "Can We Look
.ftto Labor to Provide a Way Out of the
Present Social and Economic Chaos?"
fldence tn the power of their organization for interactional peace and
goodwill.
The Eight-hour Day
It should not be necessary to preaent arguments aa to either the practicability or desirability of restricting
the hours of labor to eight in the day.
The general acceptance of this policy
in more than 29 countries, by either
legislative enactment, similar decrees
or customs proving fully its beneficial
results. Amongst the 29 countries
limiting the hours of labor to eight ln
the day ara France, Belgium, Italy,
Germany, Austria, Denmark, Finland,
Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Switzerland, Australia and New Zealand,
whilst Great Britain has established
the same by agreement and custom
for practically all lta Industrial and a
large part of its agricultural workers,
and the same obtains to an almost
universal degree ln many of the larger Industries of the United States,
the steel industry, under pressure of
public opinion, being the latest to institute the Bame.
In all federal contraots and most
state and municipal contracts ln the
United States, the eight-hour day is
compulsory by legislative enactment,
Unemployment
The Mothers' Commission of 1919
on Industrial unrest, emphasized particularly that one of the moat prolific
causes of Industrial unfest was unemployment and fear of unemployment.
The Employment Service Council of
Canada has likewise made recommendations as to the distribution of government contracts, etc., aimed to cope
with recurring periods of unemployment. Notwithstanding theae and
many other recommendations, the
unemployment problem still remains
acute in Canada, and is often accentuated by an influx of Immigrants at
periods when Canadian citizens flnd
difficulty ln securing employment.
Moat industrial countries have recognized the necessity of stabilizing
purchasing power and minimizing hu
man suffering 'by making provision ln
some form for the payment of subsistence allowances to unemployed
persons. We have presented, on numerous occasions, concrete proposals
which we believed would lead to
greater opportunities of profitable employment, which at atl times ls preferable to any other method of dealing
with this problem. The seasonal nature of many of our industries and
the extreme fluctuations between the
peaks of employment and the valleys
of unemployment still' remain acute,
and even under most favorable circumstances, a certain number of unemployed Would no doubt continue to
exist at certain periods of the year,
We have reiterated our belief that
Industries should -be made responsible
for the maintenance of the reserve
army of labor which they demand
In all organized society the cost of
maintaining unemployed and often
destitute workers la met by the com
munlty In some form or other, and
(Continued on page 2)
Concessions Made to Locomotive
Men—Seoretary Bromley
Issues Statement
MADE A FINE SETTLEMENT
Premier Ramsay Macdonald Telegraphs Congratulations to
Trades Congress
A CABLE despatch states that Britain's railway atrlke ended on
Tuesday, after an all-night session,
and that the strikers will resume work
without further delay. The strike
lasted eight days. Details of the settlement show that concessions were
made to the locomotive men, and the
principle was established that the
findings of the National Wage board,
whtch were the chief bone of contention, are not equivalent to compulsory
arbitration.
Secretary Bromley of the locomotive men, issued a statement saying:
"I feel that under the circumstances
surrounding our battle with the forces
arrayed against us, we have maije a
very flne settlement."
Prime Minister Macdonald telegraphed to the secretary of the council of the Trades Unton congress,
which acted as mediators, his heartiest congratulations and most sincere
thanks "for your efforts, combined
with those of your colleagues."
LABORS HOUSE CRUSADE
House*   AU   the  Ttae   Untfl   There]
Are Enough to Put the
People tn
I want a crusade that will give us
houses, houses, houses all the time,
until we have enough houses to put
the people In.
Whatever guarantees are required
ln order to enable a miximum production of houses to be made we are prepared to give them.
If we flnd that trusts, monopolies,
corners in any of the essential materials for buildings are standing In
our way we shall- break them.—Ramsay Macdonald, M. P.
A
International Longshoremen's Association, No. 38-52, Decides to Disband
FBOFOSE A JOINT MEETING
Effort to Arrange System of Employment More Satisfactory to I. L. A. Men
O1
TO DEPORT
Law-making — Administration -
Courts to Interpret—-House
of Commons and Senate
J. S. Woodsworth, M. P., recently'
stated at Stellarton, N. S., that when
he was elected to the house of commons two years ago in Winnipeg, he!
resolved to try and represent all the
workers In the dominion until they
could send reinforcements. He was
afraid lhat the workers were not
awake to the real necessity of political
representation. Industrial action and
political action go together. You have
the unity of Industrial action embodied In your trado unions, to implement
that you must have political action.
They should send men to parliament
who would take the side of the workers,   What waB necessary at this time
Amendments  to   Naturalisation
Act aad Criminal Code—
"Unlawful Society"
The amendment to the Immigration act. according to Mr, Woods-
worth, M. P. for Centre Winnipeg,;
gives the government the right to deport any peraon ln Canada, but not of
Canadian birth, without trial. A motion to amend thla to assure Brttlah-
born subjects to a trial by Jury was
defeated In the senate last year. An
amendment to the Natural laat ion act
gives the secretary of state power to
revoke the naturalization papers of a
forelgh-born person who may bo suspected of having made any false statements ln securing the papers. In re
gard to the criminal code, this has
been amended to make lt a crime
punishable by 20 years' imprisonment
to belong to an unlawful society, with
very broad interpretations of what
constitutes nn unlawful society.
was a genoral educational campaign.
When we look at the old country and
aee what the workers are doing, It
makes one feel ashamed. He reviewed the workings of the legislative
machinery of state, dividing it, like
Gaul of old, Into three parts. The
flrst part—law-making; second—administration: the different departments; third—the courts to Interpret, explaining Just what Is meant
when the cabinet or member of the
cabinet, replies to a request that they
or he are giving it their "serious consideration." The house of commons
are supposed to represent the people, but for the senate, they represent no one but themselvea. In Canada we have a fixed constitution which
must be adhered to- In the enaction
of laws, where as ln England there
Is no constitution—and lawa may be
passed by parliament without the restrictive limitations of a constitution
In this connection he pointed out tho
overlastlng conflict over Jurisdiction
betwoen the provinces and the dominion, which, by tho way, is vory convenient to politicians when faced with
an embarrislng demand auch as the
eight-hour day nnd other laws affecting labor legislation.
FFICIAL notification that the International Longshoremen's association, No. 38-52, the pioneer union
of Vancouver, has disbanded, has been
received by the Trades and Labor
council special committee, which act
ed as mediator ln the settlement of
the longshore strike. A committee of
former I. L. A. men, consisting of
Messrs. Mitchell, Moffat, Ratty, McMillan and Shaw, has approached the
Shipping Federation with a proposition that all longshoremen be employed through that organization in
futuro, Instead of part of them being
engaged through the more roundabout
uso of the government employment
agencies.
The old I. L. A. hnll, however, will
ho retained as a recreation club. The
committee of the Trades and,Labor
council la considering a proposal to
act wilh the longshoremen's committee ln a Joint conference with federation olllclals, In nn effort to arrange
a system of employment more satisfactory to the former I. L. A., men.
Canada's Field Crops
The total area under field crops in
Canada In 1923 was 56,669,794 acres,
as agalnBt 57,189,681 acres ln 1922—
a falling off of 619,887 acres.   Farm-
i ers leaving the country is the attribu-
l table cause.
Tho mart who's afraid to do too
much for people he does business
with, neod not bc afraid of having
too much businoss to do.
HE WHITS THE EARTH
Judge Cohalan Says He Can't
Live on a Salary of
$850 per Week
(Lawrence Labor]
Judge Daniel F. Cohalan of the
New York Supreme court haa resign-1
ed becauae as he saya, he can't live on
a salary of $17,500 a year, or $360 a
week. Lawrence industrial workers,
according to the latest state reports,
average much less than $24 a week, or
$1200 a year when working full time.
If a Judge cannot live on $360 a week,
fifteen workers could be selected and
the salary divided amongst them, and
they would be getting aa good a wage
na now, only their work would not begin at 7:15 n'.m. Granted lhat thc
Hon. Mr. Cohalan may know more
about law booka thun tho average
Lawrence workor, would lho rcsulta in
the way of Justice bo any worse lf
fifteen workers were assigned to hia
Job?
Inces on behalf of the Workers de
fence. While at Stellartotft, N.S., he
delivered a stirring address to a
crowded hall. In regard to sedition,
aald Mr. Woodsworth. this Is interpreted as the critizlng of anyone in
authority. It is an "old Idea having
Ita origin In the "divine right of
kings." In mediaeval times criticism of the king was forbidden. By
implication, criticism of the king's
representatives was criticism of the
king, hence the divine right of kings
with Its corollary "the king can do
no wrong." But times have changed.
We have the statements of the leading authorities In Qreat Britain that
under modern democratic government
there is no auch thing as "sedition."
The old law of sedition la like an old
piece of furniture stored in the attic, covered with dust. It 1b a law
that has not been in use in Qreat
Britain for the past 100 yeara. When
they set out to gat J. B. McLachlan
this old law was dragged out and Jle
Lachlan was the victim. The law of
sedition had not been used in Nova
Scotia for 90 years, since Joseph
Howe waa arraigned on the charge
of sedition for daring to criticize the
"family compact." The next thing
we will be having them drag out the
law of witchcraft as applied to women.
"Why waa this old law used in the
case of McLachlan ?" aaked Mr.
Woodsworth. "BECAUSE    THEY
COULD NOT GET HIM ANY OTHER
WAY t" Why do they not apply
the law to you? Because you are not
important enough. He was Important—he was secretary of the United
Miners.
A friend of his In the government
| had said to him that ths best way!
to go about securing the abolition of
the sedition law was to have the Hon.
Arthur Meighen arrested for criticizing Premier King. "I have heard
Hon. Mr. Meighen criticize Premier
King Just as severely as J. B. McLachlan criticized the government of Nova
Scotia," said Mr. Woodsworth amid
laughter.
As long as this law was on the statute tuioks. he said, lt would be used
to get the men who are striving on
behalf of the workers. Another
thing, so far as the law ls concerned
it does not matter if it is true or
not. The greater the truth, the
greater the sedition. "Suppose," he
said, "that I said: "The king was
beastly drunk." That would bc nasty.
But, If I proved that the king was
drunk, that would be worse than
ever,"
"Is what J. B. McLachlan said
true?" asked Mr. Woodsworth. If
what McLachlan said was true, nnd
I am assured that the evidence confirms it, then it ought to have been
said, and I honor McLachlan as a
brave man In saying It. I am glad
to think, he snid, that all down
through the ages there have been men
who have stood staunchly by their
principles. The only Instance of the
uhc of tho sedition law, prior to ihe
recent recrudescence, was the case of
Joseph Howe. The authorities of his
day said that he was a malicious and
wicked person because he dared to
criticize the police and magistrates.
What happened? He was acquitted,
and subsequently sent to parliament,
and I will be much disappointed, said
the speaker, lf McLuchlan is not sent
to parliament by the people of Cape
Breton.
Russian by Birth and World-wide
Internationalist Since Overthrow of Czarism
[Panegyric by  San  Francisco Labor
Unity]
TUICOLAI   LENINE   is   dead!    The
master mind pf the Russian revolution
is no more. The greatest
working class leader history records
has passed away. He will never again
speak to the peasants of his horns-
land nor to the toilers in her cities.
Nor will his voice be heard ln the
councils of the workers of all lands
when they are gathered together to
deliberate on the national and international problems which face thetr
class ln its struggle for freedom and
a new social order.
And yet he will forever speak to
those peasants and those laborers.
His voice will be heard eternally ip
the councils of the workers wherever
and whenever they are gathered together to solve the problems which
they must solve if they are to achieve
their freedom. His name wtll always
be an Inspiration to this forward-
looking fighters in the struggle to
overthrow wage slavery. The books
he wrote will be classics, along with
thoae of Marx and Engels,- to be
treasured and read and re-read by
those who would intelligently participate in the labor struggle.
Nicolai Lenine has achieved the
only true immortality. Like a mountain peak in the Himalayas which
towers far above Its fellows, dominating by sheer strength the whole range,
so does the figure of thts Russian revolutionist—Russian only by birth, an
Internationalist In every fibre of his
being—Btand out from the petty leaders of the capitalist world. How ths
Woodrow Wilsons, the Clemences.ua,
the Lloyd Georges, the Muasoltnls, the
Hardlngs. and Coolldges fade into insignificance when placed beside this
man!
. We are ne hero "worshippers," but
we have our heroes. They have
achieved an imperishable place In our
hearts because their lives have been
given unstintedly to the cause of labor. They have never been found
wanting. When to such devotion
there aro added the brilliant intellectual gifts of a master theoretician,
coupled with an unparalleled ability
for the application of abstract principles to a concrete situation and the
daring which risks life itself when
the times nre ripe for the decisive
blow—then we know that there has
passed away one who will never be
replaced.
Civic Federation
Representatives of the Civic Federation elected to the City Employees'
Conciliation board for 1924 are: C.
Watson, D. Cuthlll, Mrs F. B. Corrin;
and H. A. Urquhart and H. A. Black,
alternates, thc city council was ap-
priBed on Tuesday.* The council Was
asked to appoint ltn representatives ho
lhat matters requiring attention can
be dealt with without delay.
U
II. f.
Plumbers Lose Valued Member
Thc death occurred at Vancouver
last woek ot John McLaughlin, In his
fifty-third year. Deceased, who was
a native of Scotland, came to this city
over fifteen years ago, and was an
old-time member of the local Plumbers' union. He was a widower, and
leaves two sons and one daughter to
mourn his passing. The funeral, held
under the auspices of thc union, was
largely attended.
If your 'cart's really ln the blslness,
you can fracture most ot the Ten
Commandments before breakfast.
Why Let George Do It
If you  do  not  attend  your  union
meetings and the other fellow doeB,
why kick.    He Is doing the best he
7000 Lithuanians Joins thc Federated
Party
After an extensivee and countrywide discussion ln their official press,
a referendum of its 230 branches in all
thc various cities of the United States,
tho American Lithuanian Workers
Literary association has overwhelmingly voted to affiliate to tho Federated Farmer-Labor party. This organization has for its purpose iho
spread or education through the publication of working class literature.
It has Rreat prcstlfic with the wholo
Lithuanian population of the country.
With its 7000 members It exerts a major Influence on their political thought.
On the Incongruities of Some of
the Laws on the Statute
Books
Tlie Incongruity of some of the laws
ou the statute books, ns compared by
J. 8. Woodsworth. M. P., is that (1)
the amendment to the crlmlnnl code
makos tho penalty for criticizing the
government 20 years. <2) They have
an amendment to the act respect Ing
onoreal disease which reads that lf
any person knowingly communicates
venereal disease, the penalty is six
months or a fine of $500. That Is the
light In which they Judge a crime
which carries ruination to the human
body. (3) For killing a person by
auto the punishment meted out ls one
to two years' Imprisonment. That ls
the sort of laws that are enacted in
Ottawa. "There is not much chance
of changing this condition ot affairs
until you aend men to Ottawa who
will put human lives far In advance
of the rights of vested interests," he
said.
Man is like a tack—useful if he
has it good head on him and ls point
cd    ln   the   right   direction.     Even
can.    Why complain because George | though he Ib driven, ho can go only
does it,    Why not do lt yourself?        as far as his head will let him.
Local Irfilmr Loader Bereaved
Anothed pioneer of British Columbia has answered the last roll call in
tho person of Mrs. H. A. Hooper, who
passed away laBt week at tho age of
75. She waB the mother-in-law of
.1. H. McVety, provincial superintendent uf the Employment Service of
Canada, and had been a resident of
British Columbia for forty years, living thhty-Blx years In Vancouver and
tho remalndor of the timo in Victorin. Rov. Goorge Fallis conducted
the funeral sorvices, which were
largely attended. Interment took
place ln the Masonic plot at Mountain
View oemetery, and many beautiful
floral wreaths testified to the personal esteem in which Mrs. Hooper was
held. PAGE TWO
sixteenth year. No. 5 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver; b^c.
FRIDAY February 1, 198
British Colombia Federationist
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia  Federatlonist
BnBinosB and Editorial Offico, 1120 Howe St.
 Editor:   George Bartley	
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, |8.00 per year; Canada, $2.60 per
ytar, $1.60 ior aix months; to Unions sutP
scribing in a body, 10c por member per
month.
FRIDAY February 1, 1924
IMMIGRANT   BOY  SUIGIDKS
TN ANOTHER column appears the
report of a boy immigrant who committed suicide to escape the brutal
treatment of an Ontario' farmer. He
waa one of thousands of orphans sent
out from the old country to better
their condition. The merciless farmer, to whom the poor little fellow
was bound for $75 a year, if guilty,
should be made to suffer dearly for
his dastardly crime. This fiendish-
emjloyer of child labor was supposed
to be a Christian man, and, as such,
it is said, he daily thrashed hfs charge
as his prerogative, The lad attempted
to escape a couple of times, but was
caught, brought back and whipped
again, till nt last, unable to stand the
torture, he hanged himself in a stable.
For forty years the Trades and Labor
congress of Canada has been fighting
the offensive immigration policy ot
the Canadian* government, with but
scanty results. The only protection,
it would seem, that youthful immigrants have is that of organized labor,
which Js always. gladly extended to
them. British union labor ls aroused
In this case, as well it might be.
There will be something doing to remedy emigration- affairs now that a
labor government is in power in
Great Britain.
POWER OF A MEMBER
T S. WOODSWORTH, M. P. for Cen-
*** tre Winnipeg, has been lately
touring the maritimo provinces, where
he has delivered several important
speeches regarding the Canadian
labor situation and his activities
in the federal parliament to secure
laws for the workors. Dealing
with the power to Introduce such
legislation, Mr. Woodsworth carefully
explains the inability of a private
member to do very much in this line.
No private member can introduce a
bill involving the expenditure of
money. Ho personally introduced a
bill for "unemployment insurance,"
which was ruled out of order. A private member is completely tied up.
Ho cannot bring in a motion. Government bills have tho right of way over
bills of private membors, Parliament
works day after day on government
bills and tho session ends beforo the
bill of a privato member can be put
forward. For example he introduced
a notice of a measure oarly last session. Parliament sat for five months
and he was unable to get a hearing.
But If the opposition members can do
little, thc government members can
do less, he says.
If the government is defeated,
il goes out of power. The opposition
members will say, observes Mr. Woods-
worth, that "We like your measure,
but the government has decided that
it Is not a good thing." "If the government were defeated. Mr. Meighen
might get back to power—and more
horrible still, we might not be elected
ourselves," adds Mr, Woodsworth.
And he asks: What Is the use of sending our membera? In the first place,
he points out, there are scores of
Hansard reporters taking down every
word that Is uttered in the house of
commons; thore are special reporters
sending out stories of the important
happenings ln parliament. Ottawa is
a very fine broadcasting station, and a
splendid medium'whereby to present
the thoughts of labor to the people.
Not only that, but through their representation, thoy are able Lo force
the pace of the other parties. In thla
connection he Illustrated what thoy
had been able to do when the miners'
committee came to Ottawa, nnd,
through the strong backing of the
Progressives, ware able to secure a
whole (lay's discussion in tha house
of commons on the affairs of the Nova
Scotia miners—an unprecedented accomplishment, Lawyors In parliament wero able to fight the battlos of
the his Interests. Labor required
workers there who would fight the
hatlloH of the people.
organized capital single-handed; you
cannot by your individual efforts
chango economic and social conditions
that are the products of collective action, are representing collective interests, and are backed up and defended
by hosts o.f interested men. You are
powerless and helpless In your isolation. Unite your forces, combine
your powers, and you will become
masters of your own destinies!
Labor Legislation
(Continued from page 1)
our suggestion for the creation of an
unemployment insurance fund would
not add to this cost, but would merely transfer the same form haphazard
and often demoralizing charity to a
properly organized and controllable
method. We further believe that tho
benefits of unemployment Insurance
would immediately become apparent
through the diminution of unemployment itself, as an Industry charged
with the cost of maintaining the unemployed workers and would naturally concentrate its efforts upon
bringing the volume of unemployment
to the minimum point. It Is our further bolief that the responsibility rests
upon the federal government to assist
in organizing and maintaining unemployment Insurance funds as if such
were of other than a national character, confusion as to responsibility between province or localities and discrimination between workers located
In different parts of the country would
naturally ensue. With proper coordination of effort by all concerned, the
number to be sustained by unemployment funds need not be very large in
a country possessing the natural resources and opportunities which
Canada does.
Old Age Pensions
Canada being amongst the few industrial countries that have not yet
made provision for the protection of
its aged workers.
Arguments are advanced that as
Canada is a young country there is no
need for legislation of this naturo, but
to those closely In touch with wage-
Boy Immigrant Driven by Brutal
Ontario Farmer to Commit Suicide
BRITISH LABOB IS AROUSED
AT WOMAN'S WINDOW
[By W. L. GEORGE]
(Copyright 1922 by United Feature Syndicate.)
The Frail Lad Was Whipped Almost Daily and Attempted
to Escape
T ONDON, Jan. 31.—The colonial office will ask Canada to investigate
tho details of death by suicide of
Charles Bulpitt, which occurred on
December 24. The lad was an immigrant employed on a farm near Goder-
Ich, Ont., and was maltreated by one
Benson Cox, a farmer. He was frail
of physique, weighing less than 100
pounds, and was not built for a strenuous farm work. His taskmaster
broke his spirit as well as his body
by thrashing him almost every day, it
is alleged. Twice he attempted to run
away, and both times was caught
and brought back, only to be whipped
again. His employer was supposed
to he a Christian man, yet he Imposed
Intolerable conditions upon this weak
and helpless working boy. He was
bound over to Cox at Belleville, Ont.,
for $75 a year. Young Bulpitt was
sent to Canada from the Marchmont
home for orphans at Liverpool. The
youth hanged himself in a horse-
stable. Organized labor is aroused
over the dastardly affair, and a thorough enquiry by thti immigration authorities is demanded.
earners tlie Imperative need of such
protection is increasingly apparent.
Canada is a young man's country, and
with a reservoir of young, vigorous
immigrants to supply the requirements of industry, the aged worker
finds an ever greater difficulty in securing employment.
(Concluded next week)
SOCIAL EVOLUTION
****** ****** ******* *******
When Our Ancectors Were Communists
NEED OF ORGANIZATION
THE great majority, of the workera
of this country are not organized;
solidarity to them is a meaningless
Phrase, and their selfishness lacks
common sense to see ln common efforts the only riUlonal moans to advance its Interests, says an exchange.
No wonder their wages do not keep
paco with tho prices of the necessaries of life! Ours is a time of collective dealing and bargaining, and
the Isolated Individual has no show
whatever. Talk as much as you want
nbout the deplorable conditions of the
masses of tho workers; how can they
bo helped If they do not even try to
help themselves? Thc things you
want you have to fight for, and if you
want to escape from disagreeable
conditions, you must move. Vou
must act, whatover may be your aim
your ambition, your longing, and in
to act collectively you must organizo.
Don't wait for others to do things for
you and Improve your conditions for
you. Tt Is for you to take the initiative; it is for you to do the things you
wish to have done.   You cannot flght
TV7I3 HAVE frequently heard it said'
that socialism or communism
"can never be, ns it is against human
nature." This ridiculous assertion
met rather a shattering reception last
Friday night in the Workers Party
ball. The fact Is that capital
ism began with machine produc
tlon, nnd ennnot bc over a couple of
hundred years old, while tho first evidences of chattel slavery shows that
up to less than 10,000 years ago, tribal
communism wns common to mankind,
While, according to Tuesday's Sun,
communism is the coming order of
human relationship. It has been said
that bur present economic system began with the application of steam
power, while the study of primitive
man tells us that It was the "ice age'
of a half a million years ago which
first forced our savage ancestors to
congregate In the caves, and to cooperate In the struggle against frost
and famine.
This first Ice age of the Tertiary
period destroyed the greater part of
life then existing in Europe, and it
was only through mutual help, or
communism that the human race was
saved from destruction.
From well-known facts, It looks as
If the private ownership of the means
of life would be "against human nature," rather than would co-operation,
which bogan so long ago, and which
among lhe savage tribes of today, as
well as with civilized people, still exists In various forms and degrees. We
know that instincts, or fixed habits
are inherited, and it is therefore more
natural for man to still possess tendencies, the result of hundreds of
thousands of years of experlenco, than
to 'be eternal slaves of ideas and practice which permits an idle class lo
own tho earth, and" live in luxury,
through the exploitation of the producors.
Dr. Curry quoted from Lewis Morgan's "Ancient Society," and Frederick Engle's works, to substantiate his
claim; thut mutual aid hns been moro
tniversal among men. nnd also among
animals than has war. True, tho ruling class, and their agents have glorified militarism, and the virtues of tho
upper dog, in order to teach us to
fight their battles, but Dnnvin, Krua-
pptkfn and others have shown us how
those races which practised co-operation survived, while the others perished.
Lmvis -Moifjnii Ho-disoovern Historical Materialism
This statement Is made by Freder-
ick Engles in his "Origin of the Family." Morgan lived with Uie Iroquois
Indians for many years in New York
state, being adopted by the tribe, He
did this in ordor to study the customs
of ancient society represented by
these people. Morgan found, as was
suggested by Engles, that the struggle
for life, based on the acquiring of ma
lei-ial things, such as food, clothing
and shelter is also the foundation of
morals, customs and laws. He found
the red Indian of America was pass
ing from tho upper stages of savagery
into civilization, aa introduced by the-
white man, from tribal proporty rights
and morals to thoso of our day.
The speaker briefly referred to the
vorlous forms of aex-relatlonship
which existed in primitive times, and
as man haH evolved from the animal
k Ingdom, wo must havo passod
through the samo mating stages, as
our progenltora, thc apes, and lower
animate still practise. Morgan showed lhat the native Hawaiians still retain a kinship terminology, which is
*the   vosttgal   remains   of   a   system
here the inter-marrying of brothers
and sisters nnd blood relations in general were in practice. But long ago,
these island people, together with
practically all existing savages, changed this prosmlscuous relationship
to one more in harmony with health
and progress.
But the Hawaiians, and many primitive tribes still practise "group*
marriage," or what Morgan terma the
"Punaluan" systom. Here the parents
and children, or brothers and sisters,
do not marry, but marriage takes
place between the different branches
of the tribe. The women of one division or gens, become collectively
the wives of the men of the same
generation of another gens. With
these people, marriage is the natural
order of things, and the tribe's men
and women are born into lt as it were,
Communal Property
All members of the tribes representing this stage have equal rights to
their share of food, shelter and property in general. We now know that
the crimes of theft, polygamy, adultery and prostitution are the results
of private property and human exploitation.
Primitive people had no incentive
for race suicide, the pedigree was
traced through the mother, and womanhood poasossed a higher status
relatively than any other atage of human existence. With the coming of
private property, of flocks and herds
and land, tho patriarchal syatem was
ushered In_ Polygamy and the double
standard of morals were among lhe
results, The "holy monarchs of old"
such as Abraham, Isaac nnd Jacob,
or Solomon the Wiso, hnd numerous
wives and concubines, but death by
stoning wns the "divino" penalty meted out to woman, tho slave, should she
dare to have sex relations with any
but her lord and master.
When Jehovah "wroto" the Commandments on the stone tablets, we
can sec the hand of property rights.
Tho Hebrews were then in tho transition stage botwoen communism and
-luss rule, based on private property,
and so we have the commands, "Thou
shalt not commit adultery," "Thou
Shalt not steal," "Thou shalt not covet
thy neighbor's wife, his ox, nor ass,
nor anything that Is his," and tho rising priesthood of Israel backed private property with these commands
of Jehovah, juat as thoir successors
are supporting tho economic syatem
of today. And so we can aee the material basis of laws, morals and religion.
Communism la today the unpardonable sin against the Holy Trinity of
"rent, Interest and profit," and this Is
why the allied governments did their
best to destroy the soviet republic of
Russia. The class struggle of tho flrst
century was betweon communism and
Imperial Homo, and interpretatlng
tho gospels in the light of economic
determinism, it appears that tho carpenter of Naraeth, who wna arrested
and crucified for sedition, must have
been a communist.
The struggle still goea on, and is today approaching a world climax, as
the communist manifesto said: "A
stage has now boon reached, whore
tho exploited and oppressed class can
not attain ita emancipation without
once and for all timo, freeing society
In general from all exploitation, op-
pression, class distinction and class
struggles,"
The subject this Friday will be:
'Evolution of Biblo Morality."
SEX ATTRACTION
ALMOST evory woman, some time or other, is puzzled by the woman whom
■^Vher male friend or her brother marries. She says to herself that the
creature Is nut vory pretty, has Uttle personality, no particular Intelligence that
John James, with his good looks and his position, could have had the pick of
the moat charming, girls of the town. Yet he marries thia dull little thing,
and seems to be passionately ln love with her. The lady puts down the fact
to tho oddity of man, a thing that no woman can cope with, and thinks no
more about the subject.
In fact she has overlooked the most potent factor in the union of men
and women, that indefinable thing which we may call sex attraction. It Is
tho most secret of Impulses; a man may feel that a -woman Is
ill-tempered, selfish, sluttish, malicious, and yet something draws him—he
does not know why. He is attracted to her by an obBcure physical call. Her
vices and virtues have nothing to do with1 the case; simply her atoms are ao
arranged as to combine ideally with his. She corresponds with him; that la
about the only way in which one can put It. It is this Intimate correspondence which throws girls of eighteen into the arms of men of fifty, which
causes large, vulgar women to be adored of the most delicate Intellectuals.
Sex attraction doea not necessarily make for happy marriage, but It provides
a basis of happiness. So do not look for obvious charms In1 those who mate;
their bond is subtler than that.
-O CHRISTIAN NATIONS
[By Ronald Knott, Local No, 882, International Steam Engineers)
Suggested by the recent "Peace" competition, which upparonlly ignored the ' Prince
of Peace."
Fonder your Lord's connnnndinont, today ond
forever tho snmo:
"Search yo tho highways ond hedges,' bring
in the halt and tho lame."
Long yoars have passed sinco He gave it, and
now In tho lotter day,
Ho to Whom years aro nothing, fades each
yeor farther away.
'Prisoned   Ho   lies   in   the   sanctuary,   who
mingled with the throng;
Beobly yo break tho silence to  cry  "How
long, O Lord   How long I"
Tho lovo  of   tho Lord   embraceth   all,   and
would everywhere bo found.
But "horo," yo say, and "There is God,"
and "This Ib His holy ground."
He spoke to tho harlot Magdalon till her
purer nature flamed;
Weeping she bathed His foot with tears, and
ber God was not ashamod.
But yo shun her now and shudder, and leave
hor to her ways,
Though tho lost sheep moro than the hundred provoked the angel's praise.
Yo nro writing tho endloss volumes that prophesy foreshows,
Of tho mystcrips known in heaven, and the
God whom no mon knows,
Hurling awny the breastplate, the better to
thrust at the veil,
Casting asido in the shadows tho light that
Bhall nover fail.
Race by race have yo taken Christ nnd bound
to your altar rail;
Yo flght for tho things that perish, and call
on Hini to prevail,
Your treasure vaults are threatened, and yo
cry to your furthest post:
"Your   king   and   country   iiecd   you,"   yet
nover "tho Lord of Hosts."
Myrind signs to your battlo lines haYO lurod
tho drifting hordes,
But never yo strive to marshal them to sorve
the Lord of Lords.
Ye   exalt   your   mighty   captalnB,   and   echo
their strident call,
But tlio temples hush the Btlll, small voico of
tho captain of them nil.
Creed by crocd hnve ye moulded Him, each
to H1b own design,
Clnhnlng tho shepherd flock by flock and forgetting "Yo are Mlno."
The last sheep herd in forbidden floldB, heedless and unafraid,
And the hirelings linger slothfully with
thoBe thst never strnyed.
Loi    He is with you always and in Him
shall ye all abide,
And whosoever cometh shall He In no wise
cast aside,
Search ye  the highways and hedges, then
utter the joyful call,
"Now la the timo appointed, Lord!    Come
quickly for Thino are all."
Vancouver, B. C, Jan. 28, 1924.
A Union la What You Make It
Some men imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that it la
made to order. This is a fallacy
which only active participation In
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, instead of a
knocker.
Anti-War Day, 1924
THIRD SUNDAY IN
SEPTEMBER
"Tell the truth and shame the—
family."
"Yes; those who can't be cured
should be insured."
Two amall English boya were staring into a barber shop window, and
seeing the barber singeing a customers hair, one aaid to the other:-
'Blimey, Bill, he'a Iookln' for 'em
wlv a light."
Winnie had been very naughty, and
hor mother said: "Don't you know
you will never go to heaven if you are
bo naughty?"
After thinking for a moment ahe
aald: "Oh, well, I have been to the
circus once and 'Uncle Tom'a Cabin'
twice. I can't expect to go everywhere."
Visitor—"So you have triplets at
your house. HaB your father names
for them yet?"
■Willie—"Yes, but I don't think any
minister would baptize them the
names what father calls them."
"Say, Bill, did you read thia abdSt
the fellow in tho theatre during an
oriental act where the odor of incense
caused him to complain to tho
usher?"
"No, what did ho say?"
"Said he smelled punk," and tho
usher said—"Never mind, I won't put
anyone near you."
' The father was telling at the table
of a row between two men in which
he had interfered. One had swung
a shovel aloft, shouting, "I'll knock
your brains out!" "It was at this
moment," the father explained, "that
I stepped In between them,"
Little Johnny, who had been listen-
ing, round-eyed with excitement,
then burst forth: "I guess he couldn't
knock any brains out of you, could he,
pa?"
"I don't want to eat this egg. It's
not a nice egg," protested the six-
year-old daughter of the house at the
breakfast table.
"Mury," said her mother, sternly,
"you are always complaining of your
food. Eat what is placed before you
—overy bit of it—without another
word, or else I will give you a good
spanking."
All waa quiet for a few minutea.
Then from the other "end of the table
came a mournful voice. "Mother
dear, do I have to eat the beak, too?1
Better Beer for
British Columbia's model brewery it
working day id night to give you
better beer—the beit beer—with the
strength, the mellow palatable "bite,"
the refreshing stimulation associated
with perfect brewing,
Insist
on Cascade—the better
beer —at all Government Liquor Stores.
VANCOUVER   BREWERIES
LIMITED
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Odd Lines of
Lily of France and
Bien Jolie Corsets
At Half Price
Treco, brocade and coutil, in low medium
bust styles, and also elastic top models.
Originally $10.50 to $27.50. Now $5.25 to
$13.75.
—Drysdalo'a Corset Shop, Second Floor
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 8540
A Hebrew and an Irishman were
fishing in separate boats, some distance apart. The Ireshman got a bite
and became so nervous he fell out of
his boat. He sank twice, and as he
cam© up the second time the Hebrew
rowed over and called out: "Mister,
can I have your boat if you don't
come up again?"
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Very Low Prices Now on
All ladies' Garments
GETTING rendy for oarl/ spring
styles means (-louring winter slocks
ftt sacrifice prices—so right nnw Is
when you can pick up somo amuzing
vnlues.
CLOAK and
SUIT CO. Ltd.
62'3 HASTINOS STEEET WEST
Famous
Ring ap Phone Seymour 2314
for Appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suit*   301   Dominion   Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
QUICK ACTION nnd ACCURACY are
whnt ono depends upon when placing
ii  Long  Dislanco  cnll.    Thoso  aro
(actors  which  our  Long  Dislanco  staff
exert tlltilllbt-ltefe tit provide you with.
Are you making ya_r Telephone deliver
100 por cont. useful sorvico lh four business or homo life! At your disposal aro
Long Dlstanco lines to all principal towns
and villages within hundreds of miles of
your own Telephone, Including many
United States points,
Call our "Itate Clerk" for charges.
Vou will find thom reasonable.
B. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPANT
TTAVE yon ever had a real drink
"of Pure Apple Cider during tba
last few years?
To meet the deslrea of mtny clients,
we hare Introduced reeently a pure dear
■parkllng apple elder in pint bottlea,
either pure aweet or government regulation 2% hard apple elder. Theie drinks
ara absolutely pare and free from aU
carbonic acid gu or preservatives of
any nature. Write or phone your order
today, Highland 00.
VAN BROS. LTD.
Older Manufacturers
1985 Commercial Drive,- Vancouver, B. 0.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BABBIBUBBS, 80LIOITOBS, BTO.
401-408 Metropolitan Building
837 Haatinga St. W. VANOOT/VEB. B. 0.
Telephonea: Seymou 0866 and 6687
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1180 Ooorjl, stmt
Sunday icirtkci, 11 «.m. ud 7 ISO pan.
Bunday school lmmediattdy following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
K?.'_"'■ -,? tm- 'see readlnn room,
901-00a Birks BWb.
B. F. Harrison
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO., LTD,
AMBUIiANCE SEltVIOE
232 KUIOSWAY      VAKOOOVEB, B. O.
Phone Falrmoae 68
Mainland
Cigar Store
MO OARRALL STREET
THE PLAOE FOR PIPES
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
t»H   CORDOVA STREOT EAST ^
Everything Modem
Ratea Reasonable
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Plaoe to Eat"
HASTINGS   AND   COLUMBIA   SM.
Union Bank of Canada
CAPITAL $  8,000,000
RESERVE and UNDIVIDED
PROFITS     2,067,074
TOTAL ASSETS 128,299,679
The Bank's Annual Statement lias just been issued and
copies thereof are available for anyone, on application, at any
branch of the bank.
Thla advertisement is not published o.' displayed
by tbe Liquor Control Board or by tbe
Oovernment of British Columbia
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting: Printing of any kind
SEE us
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee sat
isfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prices.
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, STEREOTYPERS
AND BOOKBINDERS
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST. VANCOUVER, B. C. flDAY February 1, 1924
SIXTEENTH TEAR.    No. 5
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONISTvan-couver,bc.
PAGE THREE
I Charge 'X /
Only      /J
Prices
for my top-grade
Dental Seryice
I give you my usual My low-price estim-
15-year written ate will be a revela-
guarantee on all tion—make a date
work. today.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Formerly member of the faculty ol the College of Dentistry, Unt*
veniity of Southern California; lecturer on crown and bridgework;
demonstrator In platework and operative dentistry, local and gen
eral -inuesthcuia.
602 Hastings Street West.     Phone, Seymour 8831
(Cor. Seymour—Bank ot Nova Scotia Building)
Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings,
Ephemeral Nature of Capitalism
Vancouver Unions
3
NCOUVER
TRADEB     AMD     fciBOE
Council—Preaident, It. H. Neelanda, M,
, A.; general aeeretary, Percy R. Bengongh,
flee: 803 Holden Building. Phone Soy.
L05. Moeta In Labor HaU at 8 p.m. on
e flrst and third Tuesday! in month,
■tfjLIBD PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL—
J Meeta aecond Monday in the month. Pre-,
■dent, J. R. White; eecretary, R. H. Noel-
lids, P. 0. Box 00.	
Ie DERATED LABOR PARTY, Room 111—
■ aid Pender St. Wist—Business meetings
■ery Wednesday evening, A. Maclnnis,
■airman; B.H. Morrison, aoc-treae.; Geo,
I. Harrison, 1182 Parker Streot, Vaneoaver,
m. Oi, corresponding eecretary.
lAny district ln Britlah GolumbU desiring
■formation ra securing speakers or the foliation of looal branches, kindly communicate
T'th provincial Socretary J. Lyle Telford,
Birks  Bldg.,   Vancouver,   B.   C.     -eir*
I hone Seymonr 1382, or Fairmont -JB38.
IaKBRY SALESMEN, LOCAL 37*1— Meets
f second Thursday overy month In Holdon
luildlng. President, J. Brlghtwell; financial
Herniary, H. A. Bowron, 029—llth Avenuo
OUHNKYAIBN BARBERS' 1NTERNATION-
AL Union' of America—Local ISO, Van*
juvcr, B, 0., meets second and fourth Tubb-
_ys in ench month In Holden Building. Pre-
dent, 0. _. Herrett, 71 Hastings St. East;
icretary, A. R. Janl, 320 Camblo Street.
Soy.   2702.    Residence phono,
fHTERNATtONAb BROTHERHOOD OT
Boilermakers, Iron SUipbullders and Help-
rs ot America, Local 191.—Meetings first
nd third Mondays in each month in Holdon
.uildlng. President, P. Willis; nocre'—* *
Office hours, 9 to 11 n.m- an*
COFFEE
'In the Flavor Seeling Tin"
You may wish to help The Federatlonist, You can do so by renewing
your subscription promptly and sending In the subscription of your friend
tir neighbor.	
secretory, A,
id 3 to 5
RlOKLAYLUlti AND MASONS—lr you neod
bricklayers or masons  for boiler works,
lte,  or marble setters,  phone  Bricklayers'
f nion,_ 811 Holdon Building,	
IIVIO   EMPLOYEES   UNION—Meots   first
and third Fridays in ench month, at 445
&&&S Street.    President,  David Outfall],
31-2 Albert Street; B^rBTaVy'trcasurttr, Oeo.
iarrlson, 1182 Parkor Street.    	
INGINEEUS — INTERNATIONAL     UNION
Steam  and  Operating,   Local   844—Meets
'(try Thursday at 8 p.m., Room BOO Holden
ldg     FrfsliV'tit,  J.  Flynn;  business agent
nd nnanclal ■*»*■(«£ V. S. Hunt; recording
■ecretsry, D. Hodges.        -~-*l:Z-^~-_,,^,m
llTY   FIREFIGHTERS   UNIO-ft   HOt   18—
J President, Nell MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
■ecretary, 0. At Watson, No. 8 FirehaU.
General   laborers   union—meets
I every flnt and third Monday in Holden
Building. President, J. R. Hawthorne; flnan-
|lal secretary, A, Fadgliain, Joyce Road P. 0.,
B. C; recording secretary, 0.
.jettar, ""■ " -*   w	
iNGlNKBRS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
tof Steam and Operating, Local 882—
loots every Wednesday at 6 p.m., Room
08 Holden Bldg. Prosldent, Charles Prloo;
nslncss agent and financial aeeretary, F. L.
[unt; recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
IACHINI3T8 LOCAL 692—President, Thos.
Sills; secrotary, W- Wareham; business
bent, P. R. Bengongh; Office: 807 Holden
EiUdlng.   MeeU on second and fonrth Tues-
|>ys in month.	
MUTUAL;
lUSICIANS
I_ LOCB1 l»o, a., m. «.  —
oqca Hall, Homer Street, aecond Sunday,
18 a.m.   President, Ernest C. Miller, 991
ilson Street; secretary, Edward Jamleson,
I NeUon Street: financial secretary, W. E.
Ulama, 901 Nelson Street;  organiser, F.
ttcher, 991 Nelson Street.
MOTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECORA-
|TORS and Paperhangers of America, Local
, Vanconver—Meets 2nd and ith Thurs*
t at 148 Cordova Street West.   Phone,
, 3510. _ Business Agent, H. P. Collard.
■LE   DRIVERS,   BRIDGE,   WHARF AND
iDook Builders, Local No, 2404-»MDets at
■2 Hastings Street West overy Friday, at 8
Im.^   Jas^ Thompson, llnanclal secretary,
JHlORS' UNION OF THE PACIFIC, Room
1103, 30& Cambio Street, P. 0. Box 571.
mono Suy, 8703.   Meetings overy Monday at
■30 p.m.    Q. Cumpbell, huBiiU'wa agent.
■DERATED BRAFARERS'   UNION OF B.
■0.—Mt-etiiig nights, first Tuesday and Srd
■May of each month nt lieadquartors, 818
■rdova Stroot West.    President, D. GIHqb-
|I vice-president, John Johnson; secretary-
lanurt'r, Wm. Donaldson, addross 818 Cor
la Street Wost.    Branch agent's address:
■orgc Faulkner,  670 JohnBon Stroot, Vic-
ltn, B. 0. _	
IllKET AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY EM-
■tloyccs, Pioneer Division, Ho. 101—Moots
P. HaU, Eighth and Kingsway,  lut snd
. Mondays at 10:16 a.m. and 7 p.m.
I ont,  F.   A.  Hoover,   2400   Olarke Dr
ordlng secretary, F. E. Griffin, 447-
. Esst.;   trussurur.
The following restaurants employ
UNION HELP
RestnUrania employing White Cooka,
Walters or Waitresses:
[toy's Lunch, Granvillo St.
Jim's Cafe, Granville St.
Orpheum Cafo, Granville St.
fjulgo Cafe, Soymoiii1 St;
Pender Care, Ponder St. VV.
Moonlight Cafe, Hastings St. W.
Broadway Cafe, Hastings St. E.
Victoria Cafe, Main St.
Palace Cafe, Cordova fit.
Munis Ittififli, Dunsmuir St.
Martinique Caiti, Oranvllle St.
Love's Oafe, Granvillo Bt,
Standard Cafe, Seymour St,
Good Eats Cafo, Pendor St. W.
Gourlay's Waffle Houso, Cambie St,
Empire Cafe, Hastings St, E.
Golden Gate Care, Hastlnga St, E.
King's Cafe, Carrall St.
Oak's Cafe, Abbott Street.
Only Oyster House, Hastings St W.
Busy Bee, Cordova St,
These Restaurants employ whito help
tn tlie front only:
Acme Cafe, GranvUle St.
Wonder Lunch, Carrall St.
Granville Lunch, Granville fit,.
St. Regis Cafe, Dunsmuir St.
' AU Vancouver Hotol waiters belong to tho
Voten,
All others have no agreemont to hire Union
help, and believo In ths open shop; they are
not entitled to patronage trom Union membera.
DONT  GIVE  IT TO THEM
[F. W. Moore]
CCIBNTISTS tell ub that the past
history of our race Is expressed In
the developing organization of tho individual. This fact in connection with
fossil remains and other*. evidences,
not only helps us to imagine the marvellous dramatic experiences of our
prehistoric past, but suggests the idea
that from the experiences of our racial development during historical
times, we may form a fairly accurate
estimate of what is going to happen
in the future.
In order to do so, it might be excusable to visualize mentally an everlasting moving picture show which
had been in operation throughout the
ages, and whose reel of Alms had
been marked Into sections depicting
particular stages of human development.
If we then noticed that each stage
had its limits, and that each particular form of society, not excepting that
of the present day, had In It the
germs of self-destruction, we could no
more help being impressed with the
conviction that the section devoted to
our own times was a mere passing
show like the others, than we could
doubt that a healthy boy of fifteen,
like most other healthy boys, will, bar-1
ring accidents and disease, some day
become a man, grow old, die, and
leave his life-work to be carried on
by others.
Ample proof of this statement may
bo had by mentally reversing the motion of the reel, on which we could
then observe pictures relating to obsolete forms of society—formB which
had their day and lapsed Into desuetude, or wero overturned by rebellion,
as soon as thoir Industrial or political
organizations could no longer perform their historic functions,
Such schemes might be regarded as
the reflection of events Incidental to
the inexorable revolution of'what we
might call the wheel of a treadmill,
but of circumstances in which- man
climbs laboriously and is forced to
take the next step Higher, or suffer in
consequence. The reflections of
events now. transpiring, succeed each
other with such rapidity that the
wheel must necessarily revolve with
a constantly accelerated motion, in
order that sufficient fllm surface may
be presented for the recording of
them.
We inny take it for granted that
this acceleration began shortly after
the flrst of this class of pictures ap- ,
poarcd—about tho time of the Indus- j
trial revolution in tho early years of
tho nineteenth century, and bo fast is
the fllm moving today that we can,
hardly tell whether her reflections are
premonitions oE Impending world-
wldo disaster, or merely of a metit-
iporphosis involving the accretion of
wealtti fl-nd brotherhood incidental to
a reorganization Of the colossal resources and assets thnt are now at the
disposal of a wide-awake humanity,
lf ono doUut*? those statements, he
LETTERS TO _
ID. B
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for tbe views expressed is accepted by the management.]
^historical evolutionary development;
to such an extent was this the case
that the record bf lt In one of the
achool histories reads as follows: "In
the previous thousand. yearB England
had not changed so much as in fifty
years she wbb changed by these methods, from a thinly-peopled land of
moor and corn-fields and pastures,
she was transformed into a thickly-
peopled manufacturing country—the
modern England, with Its huge smoky
towns, Its mines, factories, foundries,
and Its net-work of railroads and
canals."
A political system based on monopoly in land had been in existence for
hundreds of years and was thought
during aU that time indispensable, Invulnerable and everlasting, but was
practically destroyed to make room
for one fitter still—one that had
wider bounds of freedom—freedom
to exploit, no doubt, but nevertheless
a greater measuro of freedom than
had obtalnd under the tradition of!
feudalism. Such was the import of
those pictures on the reel that appeared In historic time immediately prior
to the Industrial revolution.
At that time the tended aristocracy
lost their economic supremacy and
with. it their former prestige. It
would be interesting to turn the wheel
back still further arid note the circumstances that were responsible for
the elevation of this class above the
crowd. We must go back to a time
in Europe when dukes existed, but
were as yet simple farmers. At that
time men were barbarians, who lived
on the produce of the farm, supplemented by those of the chase; but to
protect themsetves from raiders, it
was customary for neighbors to combine in fortifying the house of one of
their number, the duke (ducere to
lead) referred to above. They agreed
to give specified time to the work of
fortifications In return for protection
in time of danger when they betook
themselves ln a bpdy with thetr goods
and chattels to this prototypical castle with its crude draw-bridges, turrets and ditches. The "ordinary husbandman, however, disliked these
military interruptions to his regular
occupation, and eventually agreed to
pay a tax to the duke,' which enabled
him to enlist mercenaries, and become
a professional soldier in possession of
a castle. [Seo "Mills' Struggles for Existence,"] His importance to the com-
niunlty was soon apparent; his evolution to a robber baron was only a
matter of time, while his emoluments
were sufficient to koep him ln atflu- * .*•-.*/ r
enee.   These, with hts Importance as      Class Legislation for Beer Clubs
a  military  hero,   and  corresponding      Editor B. C. Federationist:  In the
prestige in the rural districts,  gavo Vancouver Dally Province of Friday,
him access to the court of that super-  Jan. 25, there appeared a news Horn
NOW ON!
OUR FEBRUARY
Progress
Editor   B.   C.   Federatlonist:   For
over twenty years I have been an ad-l
vocate of the socialist form of gov-!
ernment.     The   organization   of "the
labor government in  England,  with
the good socialist, Rt. Hon. Ramsay
Macdonald at Its head, therefore affords  ma pleasure and  satisfaction.
This ls the beginning of the end.    I
think it was Macaulay who said that,
a new doctrine passed through three
stages,  that   of   "ridicule, argument
and acceptance."    This can 'be truly
said of the socialist movement   In a
former article, I stressed the importance of peace without bloodshed. The
quiet acceptance by the British people of the labor form of government
gives us ground to hope thai a peaceful revolution will accomplish the desired result of permanent peace and
universal    brotherhood.      Was    the
great war an unmitigated evil in its
conception, and Its results?    I have
often said so.    But in view o_f the
present transformation in Britain,  I
must  modify,   to  some  extent,   past
conclusions.    The great war and its
after  effects  changed   British  sentiment more in four years than "could
have been brought about by a thousand years   of   peaceful propaganda,
No credit, however, is due.to the war-
makers.   A collapse of the profit Bystem was the last thing they expected.
In the low of evolution, evil and retrogression have their place. .Humanity marches on to a higher goal; nothing can stay for long the wheels of
progress.    Russell Wallace points out
fn his popular book, "The Wonderful
Century," that the latter half of the
nineteenth century witnessed a great-!
er advance of man's power over nature than the fifteen hundred years
preceding it."   The great writer goes
on to show. too. that civilization has
advanced   Intellectually  and   morally.
So at the present time all the eyes of
the world are on England.    May she
not disappoint our expectations.   The
nationalization    of    railways,    mines
and factories should be the first step
to freedom.    We must not, however,
expect too much as the prosent government Is sorely handicapped by its
heritage.   With a huge railway strike
on, and ft   bankrupt   nation   on her
back.    One is reminded bf Bunyan's
pilgrim  on  his  way  to  the  Celestial
City.    Let all  the world  give  three
cheers for the sturdy Scotchman who
has undertaken to change failure to
success? and national bankruptcy into
prosperity. L. L. DICKINSON.
North Vancouver, B. C, Jan. 30th,
SALE
PRESENTING FURNITURE OF THE
BETTER QUALITY AT
20 to 50%
SAVINGS
IF YOU HAVE A FURNITURE NEED,
FILL IT NOW
PRICES ARE AT THEIR VERY
LOWEST
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
not just just a historical picture. Its
characters live. As you watch it,
their perils—and thoy run all tho way
from death at tho hand of savages to
starvation in blcftk lands—become
yours. Vou can struggle with these
bravo women and bravo men In their
fight to carry forward that out-rlder
ject to police entry, must be subject
to searching enquiry 'by the police at
any time. And yet tho government of
this province denies that it legislates
In the interest of any one class? Suroly the facts contradict this assertion.
When the British Labor party was
about to assume power in Great Britain,Hho ruling elass -,jress was Ailed   w
I with  screams,  about   the   danger  of of civilization—the plow; but the piny
("clasfj 'legislation," which a labor gov- ifl more than merely absorbing—It is
ernment would enact.    But it could instructive.   It unfoldB history aa no
not go further than the government tejetbook could.   No wonder then, that
of this province haa done, nn \_\mo " ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■111"
lines, whon It took away the Working
Il'toTrVury'Vnd taihun■«•*,rj. &^
__..   -TAILORS'
Iftiiifnun,   Local   Mo.   178-
it Monday In each month, 8 p.m.   _
it,  A,  B.  Gatenby;   vlco'preatdont,  Mrs,
Ik; recording Becrotary, 0. McDonald, P.
Pox 503; flnanclal secretary, P. McNelih,
0, Wax- 608. 
B VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDER-
mON—MeotH at 0»l NeUon Street, at 11
In. on the Tuesday preceding the lit Son-
y ot the month.   Preaident, E. A, Damie-
, 991 Nelaon St.; Secretary, 0. fl. Wll-
iuim, 991 Ne'aou St ;  Bualneia Agent,   V.
;otchor, 991 Nelaon St. 
rPOORAPHIOAL UNION, No. 230_Pt.il.
*4ont, R. P. PrHlpleco.   vico-presldent. J.
, Bryan;   secretary-treasurer, R, H.  Nee-
ids, P. 0, Box 06.    Meets last Sunday of
oh month at 2 p.m. tn Holden Building, 16
titlngi Street East.
UNCE       RUPERT       TYPOGRAPHICAL
UNTON, No. 413—President,   S. D. Mac-
nald, secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
0. Box 689.   Meeta last Thursday of eaoh
nth. 	
ORKERB' PARTY OP CANADA-*S08tt
Pender Street West. Business meetings
try lit and 3rd Wedneiday every month.
< Carpendaie, corresponding leeretarr; G.
ther, financial secretary; 3. Halliday,
pnch organiser,
iJ EVERY READER OAN HELP
[Every reader of The Federatlonist
n render valuable assistance by re-
(wing tlieir subscriptions ae soon as
i-ey are doe, and by Inducing anothor
irfcer to subscribe. It does not take
uch effort to do this. Try it.
Hand The Federatlonist to your
opmate when you are through with
LAST SHOW SATURDAY NIGHT
MISS FRANCES WHITE
Musical Comedy Star
CAPTAIN
Bruce Bairnsfather
World Famoua Artist
STARTING WED, NIGHT
Matinee-. Thursday. Friday. Saturday
"CHIC" SALE
Rural Character Studies
Taken from Ufa
JANET   OF   FRANCE
WOOD and
WYDE
"AU Bight
Eddie"
LEWIS and
DODY
• 'Hello-Hello*
Hello"
FIVE AVALONS
JACKIE and BILLIE
Oeo. Macfarlano and Oo.
In  "Sou Fantasies"
Attractive Picture! Concert Oichoitra
Ntghtt 23c, 600, 78c, |11  Plus
Mat. week-day llo 28c, 36oBOO>    1%
Mat Satnrdav 14c. 28C. 60c, 68c .    Tot
may resort to the 6XP»ilent ment>oned
above, ot reproducing! *Jn a ^ental
screen the jm&t records of the fifth Ho
can deduct causes and effects froto
the portrayals and compare the whole
with the analogous processes ln vogue
at the present day. Take, for Instance, those relating to the reign of
Charles I. of England. At that time
there Were not so many factors reflected, but the importance of those
that existed were in nowise depredated by the paucity of their numbera,
since they, equally with the events of
today, indicate the trend of human
evolution.
One can imagine the contemptuous
awe with which the landed artisto-
cracy of those days beheld the reflection of tho vulgar manufacturer daring to claim for trade a share In the
privileges of monopoly. The divine
right of kings and landlords was at
stake, while the vulgar clowns of commerce dared to suggest to the Imperial Stewarts that the game of royalty had been played to a finish, and
that from thence onward the kings
must take their stand as ordinary
human beings, whoso sustenance was
provided by contributions in taxes,
given with their own consent, by the
proverbial "butchers, bakeffl and can-
dlo-stlck makers,"
It was ln the interest of the bour-
Keoislo In goneral lhat Cromwell's
Ironsides fought for tho control of tho
political machinery of the country, so
as to make It compatible with the expanding interests of trade and commerce, while tlio Royalists struggled
for tho retention of political forma
constructed for the protection of their
particular kind of land monopoly,
The result was wholly In line with
MUSICIANS'
UNION LABEL
LEND YOUR PATRONAGE TO THE
MUSICIANS' LABEL.
Splendid Rill at Orpheum
This week Miss Francos White,
dnlnty and fascinating musical comedy!
star, and Captain Bruce Bairnsfather,
world-renowned sollder artist, have
delighted Orpheum vaudeville patrons. In separate acts, they are head-
liner attractions, supported by Ave
other acts of excellent vaudeville.
Their local engagement closes with
the Saturday night performance.
Charles "Chic" Sale, known' to
everybody as the peer or rube character impersonators, Is the big headline
feature of the now bill which opens
next Wodnesday night. His new act
ls made up of rural character studies
takon from life, and the turn Is highly entertaining.^ Musical, tidbits are
provided by George MacFarlane and
company, which includes Herbert
Lowe and Margaret Walker, Janet of
Franco, Wood and Wyde, Lewis and
Dody, the Five Avalons and Jackie
and Bllllo, all have thoir important
place on the bill, contributing as a
whole a splendid ensem'ble of real
wholesome and clever entertainment.
The usual picture attractions and con-
cort orchestra selections complete
lhe week's offering.
baron, the king, whom he occasion
ally tried to suppiant, and with whom
he eventually shared tho reputation
of functioning in society by virtue of
"divine right."
So many hundreds years did this
state of affairs continue that men regarded it as an immutable order of
society. But alas, the invention of
cannon rudely Reminded them that'the
strength of castle wZUs yfM useless,
and that for all future time, th* build-
itiij* wore flt only to be used as country seati for the nobility, whose bellicose members henceforth Joined the
army of the king, made supreme by
the new weapon.
From this time onwards the dukes
who had now become various kinds
of land barons, collected their rents,
visited foreign countries, and In many
other ways were enabled as a class to
acquire that culture whloh the slender means at their disposal denied to
the workers.
We might, by turning back the
wheel, once more decide from pictures
Incidental to public grievances, the
cause of tho changes from communal
to individual ownership of the land,
which any tribesman could havo for
a season. A season, however, was not
of sufficient duration to allow the
cultivator to recoup himself for his
work, such as fences, ditches, etc.
This led to a demand for an extension
of time which later on, for the same
reason, had to bo extended further,
until eventually ownership In severalty was lho result; and so It happens
that society has changed Its form
many times, and is now at that period
of historic time when she must soon
do so again, compelled by exigencies
incldoutal to thc lack of markets and
consequent unemployment with which
tho 1'nrmn of our political Instltutionb
aro not fitted to cope. Tbey are constructed to defond our present, system
of production and distribution, which
eovrybody can seo Ih not only, a cause
oX International manslaughter by tho
million, but also calls for a permanent reserve army of the unemployed,
the number of which is appalling.
The conclusion, thorefore, is certain
that capitalism Is merely one of the
temporary historic forms of society,
and must givo way sooner or later to
a systom under which the revolution
of the wheels of Industry will not be
retarded nor the onward march of
evolution obstructed, Concerning the
latter, we might say with the Hindoo
poet:
"Slow grows the splendid pattern that
she plans, her wistful hands between.
This Is the work upon the things you
see; tho unseen things are more
Men's hearts and minds; the thoughts
of people and their ways and
wills.
Thoso, too, tho great law binds."
whicli,'to say the least, should bo In
structlve to tho workers. The press
Item referred to, wus ih Connection
with thc new government regulations
with respect to beer clubs, in which It
wan stated "only bona fide clubs,
some, of the leading business men's
clubs in Vancouver will be allowed to
operate." This is class legislation
Without any trimmings, aS* ?"m'iih,
class viewpoint of the attorney-general of this province, and I presume
of the government.
It is a well-known fact, that the
people who support the few clubs,
whioh Will be allowed to operate in
Vancouver, are of the class which
secure their Wealth hy exploiting the
workers, and that the wealth producers have not the means to provide the
clubs which would meet with the approval of the B. C. Liquor board,
which means protection from police
supervision.
But the worker seeking to secure a
glass of beer in a club which is sub-
man's clubs and providing protection
for the clubs, few in number, but
patronized by the employing class.
Tho moral should bo obvious to
any worker who has the ability or
energy to tlhnk, and that is to follow
British labor's example and support
only working class candidates for political offices BRITISHBlt.
Vancouver, B. C. Jan. 28, 1924.
THIS IS THE BEST JANUARY WE HAVE HAD IN
THREE YEARS
Men's strong Work Boots; tan,
with   viseol   sole,    G    to    11.
. Specinl at.  $4.0,0
Little Oents' Red Stitch Boots;
8 to 10li, at $2.00
Womon's toe-hold Rubbers, in
wide or narrow lasts. Saturday at      76c
Men's heather or groy all-wool,
made in England Sox. Saturday, throe pairs for $1.00
Men's flannelette Nights Shirta,
for  $1.75
Boys' Bluo Serge Knicker Rants.
.     at  IIJJS
Arthur Frith & Co.
Mon's and Boys' Furnishings
Hals, Roots and Shoes
2313 MAIN STREET
B-stwean 7th and 8th ivenuen
I'hono, Fairmont 4859
Goygrgjl Waggn at the Orplieum
Critics of Boston. New __oi'k, Chicago and Los Angeles newspapers aro
unanimous ln their praise of "The
Covered Wagon," which comes to tho
Orpheum theatre for two days, Monday and Tuesday, Feb, 4 and 5.   It Is
this mighty screen spOclaclo has
jumped into universal popularity, and
that its praise is being heralded wherever men and women gather in conference. No neod to tell readers of
Emerson Hough's novol lhat the story
of "Tho Covered Wngon" js great.
In keeping with tho dignity of the attraction, there will be a symphony
orchestra of twenty, and a gigantic
equipment unlike anything seen upon
the local stage.
Vou nili}' Wish iti help The federationist. You cafi iii so by renewing
your subscription promptly ond send-
ing ln tbe subscription of yonr friend
or neighbor.
Wigan Collieries
Limited
N. P. L.
Capitalized, $.1011,000
Folder now ready for mailing which
gives full information regarding this
splendid investment.
A LIV-TriME OI*' DIVIDENDS
-CALL, PHONE OR WRITE-
Pacific Securities Exchange
305 Pender Street West
Office Phone, Seymour 7992     Night, Fair. 898X or 1345L
Mention Fedcrationl-t
Mueh tlie Same
Maid—Please, air, thero's someone
to see you up at tho house,
Jones—A gentleman?
Maid—Well, I don't exactly know,
sir—much about thc same as yourself.
When through with this paper, pass
It on.
Look for This Label
It Is a Guarantee of Purity
OlimOl!  l*HO-1  ANY GOVERNMENT VENDOR
BRITANNIA BEER IS A FOOD IN ITSELF I
-_•-.
PAGE FOUR
sixteenth TBA_t. no. 5 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancowtm. ma
FRIDAY February 1, 1
•s
Have Sooial Labor Society Named
Half Circle Olub—Informal Hospitalities
FLAY  A  PROMINENT  ROLE
Movement to Develop with Experience of Practical Value
to New Party
A RECENT   London   dispatch   saya
that the wives of British ministers  of  state   have  always  played
prominent role   in   party   politics in
Great Britain.
Those of the members of the lahor
government are not to be behind their
predecessors in Downing street ond
Whitehall, though their entertainments may be of a less pretentious
nature. A social labor society, which
callB itself the Half Circle club, in
recognition of the informal naturo of
its hospitalities, has long met periodically at the houses of some of its principal supporters, who include Mrs.
Sidney Webb, Mrs. J. R. Clynes, Mrs.
Arthur Henderson and Mrs. Prank
Hodges. The flrst of its larger gatherings to which members of the La-
,bor party were Invited took place at
the University of London the day
after the formal commencement of
the parliamentary session. The movement will no doubt develop with experience of the practical value to the
new labor party of these social gatherings In which the families of men
who are making history are able to
take part.   .
Hand your neighbor this oopy or
Tho Federatloniat, and then call
around next day tor a subscription.
FREDDIE THE FINANCIER-They Set Christmas by His Calendar,      ; -By CHAS, McMANUS
Women to Debato
A series of debates ls being arranged
in certain large cities of the United
States between Frau Adele Schrieber,
social democrat member of the German reichstag, who arrived in Now
York recently, and Helen Frasor, liberal candidate for the British parliament at the 1922 and 1923 elections.
Miss Fraser was defeated on both occasions by a laborlte after making a
flght against great odds in the strongholds of the British labor party in
Glasgow and Hamilton, Scotland. The
debates will be on the following proposition made by Frau Schrieber: ''Resolved, that the hope of civilization
depends upon the continued growth of
labor parties throughout the world."
"Here, waitress! This doughnut
has a tack In it."
"Well, I declare! I'll bet the ambitious little thing thinks it is a flivver
tire."
QTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
" McClary's, Faweett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
FREE SERVICE NOW OFFERED
—BY—
CANADIAN NATIONAL RAILWAYS
Colonization and Development Department
rVHE work of this department is being rapidly extended throughout
*■ Western Canada to be of the best possible service to the public, and
through, ItB special representatives in the East, in Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and other European countries, It will be able
to bring to Canada large numbers of immigrants, male and female,
who in a short time should become permanent and desirable settlers.
The great obstacle, ln the past has been the uncertainty of immediate
employment for the new arrival and farmers can assist colonisation
work by employing their help through,this channel, and if possible
BY THE YEAR. The work ls done without charge and no advances
are required for transportation or for any similar purpose. All information given Is used for the purpose of informing the settler requiring work only.
EVERY NEW SETTLER HELPS YOU PROSPER
AL
ALL C. N. It. STATION' AGENTS HAVE NECESSARY FORMS
AND WILL TAKE YOUR AMPLICATION, OR WRITE
3
D. M. JOHNSON,
General Agricultural Agent,
WINNIPEG
R. C. W. LETT,
General Agent,
EDMONTON
Colonization and Development Department
Canadian National Railways
I Ask for
fmm*aimimmmmmmmm»!H*m
m
I
V
"OLD ENGLISH"
Pale Ale
A foil-bodied, fine flavored Ale
that will compare in quality with
ny of the famous imported
•lee, and at much less cost to the
consumer*
At all Government Vendors
Ttti adrat-K-nent it not pofaUihed or displayed by
the Liquor Control Board or by tbe Oovernment of
British Columbia.
T*iTiirfirrrrrrrriinnnnniri.i!iimij_ij.!.jjl
New Departure in B. C. Politics
L
[Contributed]
COME 322 men and women, diverse
in calling, service and former political tendencies, foregathered in convention at Vancouver in December,
after some ten months preliminary
negotiations, coming from Atlin in
the Alaskan northwest, to Crow's
Nest at the southeast extremity of
British Columbia, and from Peace
River, the northeasterly outpost, to
Esquimau's southwesterly entrance to
the Gulf of Georgia, from the Pacl-
cfic's broad expanse.
Earnestness and sincerity were the
f to hand out the people's property and
positions of trust to party friends, in
every conceivable way.
To abolish this evil may be difficult,
but when one group of citizens go on
record, pledging themselves to do alt
possible to destroy it, the issue is
clear as between them and those who
not only have practiced it, but who
preach it as a means of receiving sup-
port from those whom they promise
to enrich with a gift of what belongs,
to the people.
Deliberately defeating every party
which upholds party patronage, at
every opportunity, will give the peo-
outstanding  characteristics  of  those pie the necessary weapon with ^vhlch
assembled.   Remarkable was the way, to destroy this beast.
in which former extremely thinking
conservatism and radicalism mutually gave and took, constantly keeping in mind the main necessity of reestablishing some semblance of political morality and business readjustment In British Columbia.
Resolutions covering every phase
of activity were adopted, as reported
in full in Searchlight No. 8. Noticeable was the number of these resolutions which were, so to speak, bona
fides of the prime motives of the people of the pro'lnco thJi" ro .-erentod.
The resolutions may be conveniently
taken up ln groups under the following headings, namely: 0
(1)    General features, and administrative. ^^^^^^^^^^^
, (2)    Those in which labor is particularly Interested.
(3) Health and  education.
(4) Financial and taxation.   _
(5) Those dealing with our resources,
(6) Public utilities. »
(7) Public works, including railways.
(8)
(»)
10)
(il)
(12)
Agriculture.
Soldier questions.
Orientals.
Liquor question.
Civil service.
This article would  call particular
attention to No. 1, namely:
General Features and Administrative
Resolution No. 12: One of the out-
0
standing abuses evolved ln modern
party rule, has been the substitution
of the legislature by the caucus as
the real place where legislation ie settled. Though having Its disadvantages, a legislative body, where there
are several distinct groups with none
cimprlBlng over half of the house, has
one distinct advantage, namely, that
the government must trust to the
merits of each measure brought down
to the house, to carry the support of
more than one group or party to
make It law. It must appeal to a majority on the merits of the bill itself.
With the two party system, ond the
secret caucus in control, a majority of the government supporters
only,' as ascertained in caucus, which
may be a minority of the house, governs. This puts more power in the
hands of the executive, in its control
over its followers, and the Matter's
consequent loss of independence and
freedom of action. It ensures the
support of all the government's supporters, relative to any measure,
whether against their principles and
Judgment or not, and before they have
heard the arguments which may be
presented by its other opponents on
the floor of the house. The govern
ment thus threatens Its supporters,
that If the bill ls defeated In the
house, the government is defeated,
and they will have to appeal to the
country for re-election. Its success
having been assured in caucus, the debate In the house may take on a
greater or lesser degree of camouflage, smoke-screen and hypocrisy,
by the silence and voting support of
the opponents to the measure on the
government slJe,
The Provincial party says ln resolution 12, Free us from this incubus by
-j requiring a vote of want of confidence
ln the house, in order to defeat the
government, A measure must pass
on Its own merits. This retains the
caucus or committee of the government supporters, but enables every
member to be true to his principles
ln the house as well, enabling the
public to understand where he
stands on principle, relative to every
measure. One of the evils of recent
party government will be.thereby removed, nnd a sinister power of the
executive curtailed. Precedents of
Individual incidents for this procedure
have been established In the house of
commons ln London, and Jn Ontario.
Resolution No. 6: Calls for the abolition of the party patronage system.
Another great abuse of the present
party system, Js the election slogan:
"To tho victors belong the spoils,"
otherwise known as the party patronage system. When the people delegated a certain party to rule, lt
should be In service, not to prooeed
Resolution No. 9 to Publish Lists
of -Campaign Contributions: Till the
people at large are prepared to assume the necessary and legitimate
cost of election campaigns, It is right
and wise that they should know who
puts up the money for that purpose,
and how much. , A party whtch
pledges itself to reveal campaign fund
contributions should be encouraged.
In fulfilment of its pledge, the Provincial party has already made known
the source of the necessary assistance
which it has to date received.
No. 42, Municipal Conferenco
As the well-belng of a healthy body
at large, requires uninterrupted Intercommunication of the most Intimate
nature amongst its various parts,
alBo with the province at large. The
Provincial party pledges itself to advocate, and If in power to call a conference of representatives of all municipalities to consider all questions of
mutual Interest or dispute, with a
view to equitable adjustment thereof.
Resolutions Nos. 52 and 53: In answer to insinuations by the old parties
the Provincial party pledges in No.
52 that lt will not coalesce with either,
but will bend every energy aB stated
in No. 53 to make all convention resolutions and policies subsidiary to
the all-embracing effort to secure,
honest, economical and efficient gov
ernment in-the interests of the general public,
Nos. 4 and 5, Economy in Legislative Expense: To reduce unnecessary
cost of legislation without decreasing
efficiency, the party, flrst Jn resolution
4, would reduce the number of members in the house, and second, in No.
5, reduce the pay of members and
ministers, to the basis obtaining before its unblushing increase by themselves, at the same time that a reduction was made of wages of labor in
the employ of the government.
Resolution 13: Having in mind the
theft by the government of representation In the house for over two years
of one-sixth of the electors of Vancouver, the Provincial party proposes,
if elected, to enact legislation calling
for the fllling of all vacancies in the
house, within three months.
No. 14, Dismiss Twice-paid Ministers of the Crown: Recognizing that
no man can serve two masters whose
interests are divergent, the Provincial
party proposes to make lt impossible
for a member of the government, paid
by the people to look after their Interest, to have any monetary consideration ln any Arm dealing with the
government. This will render impossible a recurrence of the recent scandals wherein Messrs. Bowser and
Hart, while ministers of the crown,
and at the same time members of
professional or business firms, dealing with themselves as ministers, and
receiving thousands of dollars to look
after the interests of their clients.
EVERY READER OAN HELP
Every reader of The Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as-soon as
they are due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try it.
Benjamin's Franklin's Warning
Scarcely a hundred and fifty years
ago, in a letter to Dr. Priestley, in
which he waxed enthusiastic about
the wonderful Inventions and discoveries of his time, Benjamin Franklin penned these words: "The rapid
progress true science' now makes
occasions my regretting sometimes
that I was born so soon. It is Impossible to Imagine the height to
which may be carried ln a thousand
years the power of man over matter.
Oh! that, the moral science were in
as fair a way of improvement, that
men would cease to be wolves to one
another and that human beings wc
at length learn what they now i]
properly call humanity." Franklll
doubts have been abundantly juatifi:
After a century of so-called progr-
unparalled in history, men convert
every atom of their new knowleq
to the fell purpose of killing c
another in the Great War.—Christ;
Science Monitor.
Mistress—"Oh, cook, be sure &}
put plenty of nuts in the cake."     .
Cook—"Tou don't catch me crac
In' no more nuts today. I've neai
broke me Jaw already."
Freeh Cat Flowyrs, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, 1101*18* Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FIX-RISTS AND NURSERYMEN
48 Hutinga Street Eut        2—STORES—2        MB GnuivUlo Street
Sey. tW8-«7_ "BAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 9B1S-1M1
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY "OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY    MATURED—ONE    OP   THE    MOST    POPULAR
BRANDS   AT   THE   GOVERNMENT  STORES
GOLD LABEL
16-YEAR-0LD
Ask for CATTO'S.    For sale at all Government Liquor Stores
This advertiaoment Is not pobMabad or dlaplayod by tkt Liquor Control Board o,
by tbo OonnuMBt of BrttUh Colombia
STEAMSHIP
TICKET AGENCY
TICKETS TO ALL PARTS OF
THE WORLD
Agent for nil Steamship
Companies
Drop In ud Lot Va Talk lt Ovar.
BOBT. HAT, Ajent
Vancouver, B. 0.
W. WILSON
Loggen and Surveyors
BOOTS
Made to Order
Onr Specialty
Repairing Neatly Done
28 WATER STREET
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
Phone, Seymonr »S.
WE CATER TO THE LABOR
MAN
Try This!
BE FREE FROM
INDIGESTION
And Stomach Suffering
Guaranteed
Absolutely
Harmless
Best $2.50
GLASSES ON EAETH
COMPLETE WITH
OUB SCIENTIFIC
EXAMINATIONS
Glutei not preicrlbed unleas ab*
Bolutoly neceuary. Examinations
made by graduate Eyesight Specialists. Batlifactlon guaranteed.
Wt grind oor own leasei. Lemea
duplicated by mall.
PITMAN
Optical House
iFormerly Brown Optical Houae)
.  anre  of   the   addreaa—Above
Woolworth'a Store, near
Oranvlll..
Suite 86, Daria Obambaia,
tn Hmraas street west
 PkoM Say. 1071	
JO-TO
STOPS
STOMACH
SUFFERING
JO-TO
is absolutely guaranteed
to be pure and harmless
and to give quick, sure
relief from indigestion
as indicated by
GAS PAINS, ACID STOMACH,
SOUR BURNING STOMACH,
BLOATING,   BELCHING,
HEARTBURN  AND ALL
AFTER-EATING DISTRESS.
JO-TO is a combination of natural mineral, fruit
and vegetable compounds, which has the remarkable faculty of promoting a lasting, benefit to
the entire digestive tract, If JO-TO fails to give
the relief we advertise, your druggist will refund your money without question or inconvenience.  Simply wonderful for constipation.
The most VITAL FACTOR in
promoting good health is perfect
performance of the entire digestive
and eliminative organs—JO-TO
helps nature to keep the stomach,
liver and bowels in perfect tune
and invariably relieves stomach
and bowel suffering inside of
two minutes.
SOc and $1.00 Cartons-Al) Drug Stores

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