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British Columbia Federationist Jul 14, 1922

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Official Organ Vancouver Trad** and Labor Council (International)
 ___: -■---■X-.-  ■ ___? ——- —       —— —^—■ ■-!■■■■■■ ■- ———    ■ ------ —-. 	
12.60 PER YEAB
adian Workers 90 the
| Great Northern Affected
by U.S. Dispute
cretary of Trades Coun'
cil Takes Matter Up
With Minister
How closely the Interests of
Canadian and American workers
■• allied, has been brought out
[during the past week or so. *. The
ilroad workers of the United
tes were called on strike, and
on some railroads In Canada, due
the fact that these roads are
'operated by American companies.
[he workers were affected and their
wages cut.
Canadian workers, residing ln
nada, working on the Great
forthern, have had their wages
ut, but they answered the strike
call, about twenty men being affected. P. Bengough, secretary of
he Vanoouver Trades and. Labor
Council, sent a wire to the Minister
f Labor, an old member, of a rail
*oad organisation, seeking information as to how the ,-#ages of
orkers on public utilities could be
'educed without the usual compliance with the Industrial Disputes
investigation Act. His Wire reads
"Vancouver, B. C,
"July 6th, im,
'Hon  James  Murdock,
"Ml-ilntor of Labor,
"Ottawa, Ont.
''Does Industrial   Disputes   Act
'or bid wage cut or etrlke on Canadian railways until same has been
lubmttted   to  arbitration?    Great
forthern Hallway operates in British Columbia under   a   Dominion
charter.   Wage cut has been put in
effect and -all men are out.
"The minister of labor replied
as follows:
' "Ottawa, Ont,
"July 7, 1922.
•Percy R. Bengough,
"Sec, Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council,
"Vancouver, B. C.
"Tour night'letter sixth received
and noted.    Tou are doubtless familiar with text of section 87, tlie
clause of the  Industrial Disputes
Investigation Act which  bears  In
direction you Intimate.    Generally,
my view Is that section 67 alms at
1 preventing a change in wages and
hours until the change has been before a board of conciliation, unless,
of course, the- change Is  made  by
mutual agreement.    Only a court,
, however, has power to determine
lf ln a given case the law has been
Infringed and  any   expression   of
view on the question by other parties would have no judicial weight
and might be misleading, lt being
difficult,  if not* Impossible,   with-
tout the authority of a court, to secure all information pertinent to
the issue.
"Minister of Labor."
Some 20 shopmen   are affected
(on the Great Northern and are still
on strike, while men working   on
En roads have taken different
, as the following Federated
Item will show:
Ottawa, Can.—The railway shop-
1 men's strike in the United States
has*ted to a curious situation on
the Canadian sections of United
l States railways, such as the Pore
■'Marquette and Michigan Central.
7 Under the industrial disputes act
I neither a reduction in wages nor a
strike can be Inaugurated until
} after tbe matter has been tnvestl-
I gated by a board appointed for that
purpose. Therefore employees of
the above two railways have made
I formal application to the minister
'■ of labor for the appointment of
■uch a board to Investigate the
L matter as It applies to them, and
js pending the award of such a board
will remain at work.
, Keen   Race   for   Chief
Executive Office Between
Hoover aiid Mclnnis
* The elections In Division 101
Street and Electric employees were
keenly contested, the closest being
that for president, when F. Hoover,
j-, retiring president, was re-elected
by a majority of tour over his opponent, A. Mclnnla.
J. E. Smith was elected vice-
president, F. E. Griffin recording
iecretary, While H, W. Speed, E. G.
Kermode and T. Elliott were elected as auditors.
E. Elliott was elected as executive member for the day men, E.
* Hicks for the night men, and W.
Deptford for the extra men.
The following were elected by acclamation: Second vice-president,
\ H. T, Ford; business agent and financial secretary, W. H. Cottrell;
treasurer, A, F. Andrew. Executive member for North Vancouver,
W. A. Harris, Relief committee:
R, Hilchey, J. Hendry, H, Paeper,
Warden, J. A, Woods. Conductor,
W. Deptford (night men). Conductor, E. G. Kermode (day men).
Tellers—C.M.* Stewart, J. Price
(VaiM-Uver); W. A. Harris (North
Vancouver); F, Gouthro (Lulu Island).
Judge of Election, A. F. Andrew.
Get your workmate to subscribe
tor The Fert*>rflttnn!-tt
Federated   Shop   Crafts
Pass Resolution Favor-
Disappr<ii of Dual Or-
*" gamut* ^ But Seck
Unii| Front
That the \% .-slashing tactics
of the employs are arousing the
railroad worke* >f this country Is
shown by a resell; on passed by the
Kamloops local oounoil of Federated Shop Crafts, C. P. R„ and
C. N, R„ at a meeting held recently. The resolution reads at follows:
Whereaa: The employers throughout the country have solidly united,
being bound together by a solidarity of Interest and organisation
which leaves no room for divided
action or desertions, and moreover,
they are supported by the govern*
ment, the courts and the press in
any attempt they make to smash
the workers' organizations and to
crush the workers, and
Whereas:   They are carrying on
vicious and concerted attack
upon the labor movement, singling
out various unions and forcing
them to engage ln a bitter struggle for self-preservation, and
Whereas: These unions, be*
cause they are divided amongst
themselves along craft lines and
are thus unable to make united
resistance against the employers,
constantly suffer defeat after de*
feat, with heavy losses in membership and a serious lowering of the
workers' standards of living and
working conditions, and
Whereas: The only solution for
the situation Is the development of
a united front by the workers
through the amalgamation of the
various trade unions so that there
will remain only one union of
workers for each industry, there
fore be lt
Resolved: That we, the mem
bers of Kamloops Local Jelnt
Council of the Federated
Crafts, ln regular meeting, go on
record as favoring the amalgamation of the various unions in the
railroad industry,, and that as a
flrst step In this direction favor the'
calling of a conference of the various international unions for the
purpose of arranging a programme
to amalgamate all the unions' In
the railway industry.
Disapproval * of forming dual
unions was also expressed at the
meeting, which was a representative one, and closer unity was
urged through amalgamation of
the existing organisations.
Big Day Will Be Celebrated at Mahon
The Labofr Day committee of the
International Trades und Labor
Council held a meeting on Wednesday night, when reports were
made by subcommittees.
The demonstration will be held
in Mahon Park, North Vancouver,
on Labor Day, Monday, September
It was reported that prizes already donated were valued at $500.
Arrangements have been made
with the B. C. Electric Railway
Company and the Ferry Company
for reduced fares.
The tug of war contest ls expected to be the big event of the
day, and all locals affiliated with
the council are requested to get
busy and select their teams, as this
ls to be an annual event, with a cup
valued at -$200 as the prize, and
each member of the winning team
will receive a medal
As an indication of the size of
the demonstration, the committee
has deolded to print ten thousand
programmes, and It Is expected
that thousands will attend the demonstration.
Outside of tho tug of war and
other friendly bouts- between local
unions and individuals, there will
be lacrosse games between Indian
teams from Capilano and Squamlsh; members of the winning team
wlU be presented with a sweater.
Great Interest Ib being taken by
local unions in the demonstration,
and all organisations are putting
forth every effort to make Labor"]
Day, 1922, a great success.
Machinists' Local 182 has already elected a team for the tug-
of-war, and the members of that
organisation consider that it Is unbeatable.
mii'i'in 1 I I I I
Where the T«$|ble Was
And 0<i| Future Policy
FOR two weeks the Federationist was not
published. The good wishes of the friends
of the paper were not sufficient to maintain it, and the inevitable happened.
When the amalgamation with the B. C. Labor
News was made, it was hoped that a new era
was opening up, but circumstances and time
proved that without organiaztion, even a labor
paper cannot be maintained.
We are resuming publication this week on a
tentative arrangement entered into between the
printer, the B. C. Federationist, Ltd., and the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (Inter-
— national) which it is hoped, will be ratified at
the next nieeting of the council and by the Federationist, Ltd.
The baseball competition has been discontinued, and all moneys received for the last two
contests, will be returned to those who sent ih
their forecasts; those living in the city or district can. obtain same on making application at
ie office, while those residing outside will reive theirs by mail. Those so desiring can have
jtfieir contributions placed to the credit of their
ibscriptions by sending in word to that effect
post card notifying us of this wish will reive prompt attention.
' f.
The one need of the labor movement at this
time is unity.  This will never be achieved so
long as the workers place their faith in titles,
"names or other non-essentials.   Unity of the
2. orkers can only come by organization and
ducation... The Federationist will, if publication is continued, seek to bring about a solidification of'the workers. The policy of unification
will be its chief feature. Industrial organization
will receive the greatest consideration, combined with a dissemination of news as to the
happenings in the world of labor, at all times
I conducted on the recognition of the fact that if
the workers ever can be brought to that point
5here they will act on class lines, as Engles said,
icy will soon find the right direction.
Employers Will Attempt
to Cut Wages and
Lengthen Hours
Mexican Workers Refuse
to Spread Capitalistic
Other Workers Join in
Big Boycott on the
New York—B. F. Cassldy, a
member of Typographical Union
No, 6, has been nominated for
governor bf New York by the Socialist State convention. John W.
Dunnes, Bochester, ia the party
nominee for United States senator,-
and Charles P. Steinmeti!, Schenectady, known as the electrical
wizard of the Oeneral Electric Co.,
Is the nominee for state engineer
and surveyor. The convention
adopted a tentative platform which
wlU be submitted to thc joint convention of the Socialist and Fnr-
mer-Labor parties here July 16,
[By F. W. Leighton]
(Federated   Press  Correspondent)
Mexico City—American movies,
with their capitalist bias, have
penetrated Mexico as welt as other
parts of the world. In addition,
Mexico has her own reactionaries
who seek to use tho theatre as a
narcotic for workers. Mexican
workers, however, are alive to this
situation. Here Is how they proceed: 0
1. The movie operators of Mexico City are almost 100 per cent,
unionised. Recently the union
passed a resolution to refuse to
operate any fllm which contains definite capitalist propaganda.
2. The local groupa of organized
workers flrst protest and then use
direet action to stop capitalist lies
and propaganda in the theatres,
3. The Drug Clerks Union provides means for the direct action.
To illustrate: The Teatro Virginia
Fabregas has been running an act
entitled Don jyiolfo in New York.
The producer Is a collaborator of
Palavlclnl, reactionary editor of Bi
Universal. The sketch vllllfles people prominent ln the government
and Labor movement, and casts
slurs at the integrity of the workers.
The Federation de Sindtcatos del
Dlstrito Federal sent a sharp pro-
tent to the management of the,
theatre requesting immediate-mo-j
dlflcation or withdrawal of the act,
declaring lt to be an attack on public morals, a degenerate artistic
production and a scurrilous fabric!
of lies directed against the work-  ,    ___
ers.    The manifesto stated that if sidered.
this was not done at once "we will
use other means more energetic'
Behind many a prescription desk
there was more than usual activity
and many a suppressed chuckle.
Batches of curious little packages
were brought from many pharmacies to the headquarters of the
That night the gallery of the tea*
tro was unusually crowded. It
was noticed that some of the
early slams of the actors received
many hisses. The hisses became
louder. Suddenly several shadows
curved an arc toward the stage.
The theatre became a place of
fumes. More stink bombs hit the
stage. The actors left. The audience lose ln confusion. Laughter
and much shouting. The management rushed to the gallery.
Arguments and a fracas, A few
people ln jail. But the performance was over for tho bight.
Conferences aro now under way
between the worker*, the management and the municipal authorities for an amicable settlement of
tho dispute.
Call   for   Closely   Knit
Army of Industrial
Would Call General Convention  to  Discuss
(By the Federated Press)
St Paul—Amalgamation plans of
the Minnesota railroad'shop crafts
legislative committee are being
circulated Among tha locals in
shape ot a large four-page pamphlet.
The plans call for a closely knit
army of the 1,800,000 railroad
workers organized Into a six dc-.J
partment amalgamated railroad
union with an executive council of
members, two from each department trom each of the three
railroad regional divisions of the
The leaflets calls on union rail-
men to agitate for tho plan and
instruct their officers to work for
amalgamation. It lists the advantages as greater industrial power,
elimination of Jurisdictional disputes, ending of dual unionism,
economy In convention and other
expenses. It makes the statement
that the outlay for the last convention of the B. of L. _\ & fi,
was $600,000, that of the B. Tt. C.
of A. 1500,000, and the B. of R.
T. and others in proportion. The
amalgamated union would save at
least $1,000,000 per convention
over the present system. All told,,
general amalgamation would
bring about economy in management to the amount of probably a
couple of millions per year.
Difficulties urged against amalgamation are listed and solutions
suggested. Under this head alleged confusion of crafts, loss of
autonomy, varying dues and benefits,   dual  memberships  are con
Seek   a   Comprehensive
■ :    Amalgamated
Lessons  of Last Strike
'   Have Been Well
Structural Ironworkers
Local 97 Structural Ironworkers,
held a well-attended meeting on
Monday last. Several new members were admitted, and aU members reporting from jobs, stated
that prospects for new members
were bright,
Members of this organization are
fairly well employed, and white
mme are Idle, the prospects for the
futrue appear a little brighter,
Patronise Federatlonist advent?
•rs nn'rt tell them whv vou tin so
Washington—Coal mine accidents during May caused the death
of 74 men, according to the United
.-.tates   bureau  of  mines.    All   of
he fatalities except one wore at
bituminous   mine's.     No    anthra-
•l(c mines are producing coal, the
miy output  being a small quan-
ity   of  steam   sizes  obtained   by
Iver dredges.
"The tactical goal of our educational campaign," the leaflet e-
clares, "should be the calling of a
general convention of the railroad
unions at which all of them should
be merged Into one compact body.
It would have to provide for the
(Continued on page 3)
Local 844 Making Steady
Progress—Will Raise
Its Fees
Since the last issue of The Federatlonist, the Steam and Operating Engineers, Local 844, has increased its membership considerably. Three meetings have been
held, and at each meeting new
members have been admitted and
the local, while young, ls looked
upon as one of the most active ln
local trade union circles.
Application is being made to the
head office at Chicago for permission to raise the inlation fee to
$25; it. is now $2, and all engineers having concern for their
own interests, are urged to Join
the local, and at once, so they will
net be compelled later to pay the
higher fee.
N, Qreen, an old timer on the
coast, Is secretary, and Is willing
ut all times to give Information to
prospective members. lie can be
found at 953 Hornby Street, and
hts phone number is Sey. 70*311,
when not ln his office at room 307
Labor Temple, 319 Pender Street
Omaha—The fragments of the
Stockyards unions, shattered by
the; ;unsuccessful strike of last Winter) are appealed to by the committee for reorganization of Packinghouse Workers to form a comprehensive amalgamated union in
the, industry. Flans were discussed
at a meeting in the Butcher Workmen's hall July 2.
The committee says:
"We propose that from the time
a car of livestock is spotted at the
stackyards gate up until the refrigerator car is loaded with dressed meat ready to be moved out
of the yards, all men who shall
have taken part in its preparation
shall be members of the one international union and subject to its
call. We believe that every man
who .plays any part in the preparation of the finished meat product
should be under the Jurisdiction of
the International. In this we Include the stockyard employees, the
drivers, the butchers,, skinners, la*
boffers, engineers, firemen, electricians, plumbers, steamfltters, carpenters and all other tradesmen
employed within the packing house
WWe do not propose to destroy
the various craft unions within the
packing houses, we do not object
to their existence and believe they
should conduct their own affairs
arid function in any way they see
fit providing, of course, that their
actions are in accord with the
general policy and programme of
the. international union.
"We propose that an organization be so built that in case of a
atrike no tradesman will be allow
ed to stay on the job to keep the
plant in operation enabling the
Scab butchers to work. We propose an organization In which the
stockyard employees will not han
die livestock to be killed by scabs
(Continued on Page 3)
ML 10
Pentral Labor Body Will
-Chose Its Representatives on Tuesday
The Vancouver Trades and
Labor, Council- will elect its officers
for the coming term on Tuesday
noxt at the regular meeting, which
will commence at 8 p.m.
The nominees are as follows;
President — Delegates Bartlett,
Neelands, Nixon.
Vice-president—Delegates Hardy,
McDonald,. Ross.
General    Secretary—Del.     Belt-
raefcretary-Treasurer—-Del. Show-
Executive Board—Dele. Ross, Mc-
Dofiald, Hale, Fraser, Green, Ranking Lawson.
Statistician—Dels. Hey, Rronson.
.Sergcanl-ut-arms- Del.   Hardy.
All delegates are urged to attend this meeting and take part In
the election of officers. Nominations .Will be reopened at this meeting and new candidates can lie
nominated* !
Delegate Fraser and McDonald
were eleoted as auditors.
United  Action  Between
Railroaders and Miners
Is Effective
Resignation    of    Labor
Board    Is    Now
[By Laurence Todd]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Washington.—Ffrst fruits of the
Informal alliance between the organized railroad workers and the
United Mine Workers of America,
In their common struggle to restore
labor standards in tho basic industries on thia continent, were seen
here when the United Mine Workers, backed by tho nation-wide
atrlke of railroad shop and maintenance men, laughed at
threats of the coal operatora.
A long and heated session of the
coal barons with the coal miners'
spokesmen led to precisely nothing, from tho operators' standpoint.
But from the standpoint of tho
miners it was valuable in showing
to the country that organized labor
Is now "coming back."
So firm were the miners on their
demand for a national conference
agreement and the maintenance of
the old wage scale that thc administration was compelled to toss Into
Lhe midst of the scuffle Its plan for
arbitration of the dispute, -1
The railroad workers recognize
that they arc coming to the aid of
the coul strikers at the critical
time, and that the coal striker,.
have won hnlf the battle for lho
railroad men. The railroads are
carrying non-union coal to market, A few weeks will show that
these roads can. tut get along
without shop forces. Coal delivery will fall; coal production fn
non-union mines will cense when
cars cannot be promptly move'].
At the headquarters of the International Association of Machinists, President Johnston declared, "Everything Is going finely; the strike has bcen even more
effective at the outset than wo had
Outlawing of the six shop crafts
by the railroad labor board was
hailed here as the acknowledgment
on the part of tho majority members of that body thnt Its doom had
been sounded by the strike. Resignation of the labor members of the
board Is anticipated as the next
logical development. After that,
the administration mny select two
representatives of strike!-readers
and a new representative of the
transportation force to speak for
the 2,000,000 railroad workers.
Tho presence of A. O. Wharton,
representative of the outlawed shop
crafts, In the board, Is now marie
so illogical thut he will probably
soon be taking a prominent part
In the directing of the strike. Such,
at least, was the opinion of labor
officials In  Washington.
Tho A. F. of L. comes directly
Into tho rail dispute through tho
affiliation of that body of a large
number of local unions of colored
freight handlers and coach cleaners
in the southern region. They cannot striko without direct sanction
from the executives of the federation.
Aid from the coal miners to thc
railroad strikers, indirect so far,
will be moro effective when coal
mining is resumed after the surrender of the operators or thc government's taking over of the mines
the two possible means of getting
the miners bock underground.
When the miners resume digging
they will Insist on a prompt supply of coal cars. If the rail strike
Is as effective as now seems certain, the miners will bc unable to
get cars in sufficient number.
They will protest to tho publlo
against this secondary lockout of
their men by the railroad companies.   Thev win remind the nub-
Workers   Will  Not  Be
Caught Napping and
Will Fight
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(Europeaa Director the Federated
Berlin—Following the successful
effort of the bosses ln the metal
Industry to lengthen the work
•week from 46 to 48 hours, the
textile manufacturers are now
combining to compel the 700.OQ0
textile workers of Germany to accept a similar lengthening of
A circular letter has been addressed to all members of the Association of Employers ln the textile Industry, advising them, even
If the Industry of labor should rule
against their plea, for an extension of the work-week, to compel
the workers to come to terms on
a 48-hour basis.
The letter announces that
large number of the employers
affiliated with' us are determined
to make an Issue ot the 48-hour
week and to compel its acceptance. The flght will then be entered upon a broad basis, at ._
definite time, under common auspices, and under one management."
The circular promises that, an
experiment will first be made in a
certain number .of districts. If
these expjerlments are favorable,
and the workers defeated, then
the results In these districts will
serve as precedents for the rest of
the country. The employers have
figured out just how many workers these Initial experiments will
involve, and how much it will cost
the workera to make a defensive
flght. They calculate on 200,000
workers and that the treasury of
the textile workers union will be
emptied in about a week.
The textile workerB, on their
part, do not propose to be caught
napping. At a meeting of their
executive, It was unanimously
agreed to double the membership
fees, so as to swell the strike
chest. Every worker has been admonished to save as much as possible for the rainy days ahead,
Buffalo, N. Y.—Canadian anti
union employera now talk of their
"optional plan," according to E.
W. A, O'Dell, Canadian repreaen
tative of the Boot and Shoe Work
ers Union. These employers hnve
discovered that the "American1
plan and the "open shop" plan no
tbe j longer attract.
New Members Admitted
and   Much  Business
Done Monday
At the last meeting of Local452
of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, the new offl
cers were installed. They are as
follows: President, W. Dunn; vice
president, R. Thompson; financial
secretary and business agent, Geo.
Hardy; recording aeeretary, G.
Snell; warden, P. Fielding; conductor, W. Bilby; treasurer, F. Far-
Many matters of interest were
dealt with at the meeting, and t
number of new members were admitted. While trade Ib none too
good, thc interest of the members
Is being maintained, and every effort Ih being made to bring ail unorganized carpenters into the or
Leave for Russia
■ The first batch of workors, 16 in
number, for Soviot Russia, from
Vnncouver, left hero on Monday
Inst, under tho auspices of the
Society for Technical Aid for Soviet  Russia.
This group will leave New Tork
on the 18th for England, where
they will tranship and set out for
Russian port, in the Baltic.
They have received an agricultural
concession from the Soviet government in the country of the Don
Cossacks, where they, in conjunction with other fanners from Canada and the United States, will
operate a farm community with
American mnchinery and methods.
Baltimore—Charging employers
with broken faith by not raising
wages from 80 cents an hour to
90 cents, as promised, members of
Carpenters Union No. 101 are on
Subscribers will help us when
renewing thcir subscriptions, if
they will note chnngo of address.
New address is 805 Ponder Street
West. Vancouver, B. C.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
He that the samo Wall Street banking combine that controls the coal
operators ls nlso in full control
of the railroad management. They
will demand a showdown and n
settlement of the railroad dispute,
in order that their own conditions
mnv be guarnn'teod.
Will   Carry   on   Fight
Against Present
Declare Overproduction Is.
Cause of Poverty Among
Wealth Producers
Wage-slashing is having Ita
effect on the minds of the
miners ln eastern Canada, If the
Truro convention of the United
Mine Workers of Canada Is any
criterion,- The policy committee of
that organisation. Introduced' the
following resolution at that gathering, according to the Maritime
Labor Herald, which has been a
constant supporter of the miners
In their struggle against wafe cuts.
The resolution reads:
(1) Tour policy committee desires to point out to this convention
that before any policy can be determined upon by the mine workers of District No. 2f, they must
first Understand the present state
of the coal mining business on this
continent. To this end we dealre,
for the beneflt of the irienibera of
Diatrlet No. »f, to stress the pc*Jnt
with all the power we can, that
there are now enough coal mines
opened and equipped for production to produce almost two tons of
coal where only one is required.
A Super-Abundance of Wealth
(2) This very super-abundance
of wealth production in coal Is the
prime reason given by your employers for:
(a) The weeks and weeks of Idle
time which you workers have been,
by your employer, forced to endure.
(b) The unwarranted reductions
made on your wage rates by your
<c) The poverty and misery that
thousands ot miners and their
families have been forced to live
under. A super-abundance of
wealth In coal is the cruel reason
given that t he mine workera of
this province are being asked by
employers and governments to accept as a sufficient justification for
all the misery now endured by the
miner and his family.
Idle Time tb Increase ■ •
(3) If the miners of Nova Scotia
must now accept a 80 per cent, cut
ln their wages, and almost a 60 per
cent, cut in the available working
time, thus plunging them into the
direst poverty, what ls going to
happen to us when the 800,000
striking miners In the United States
go back to work? If a superabundance of coal now spells wage
cuts, idle timo and poverty, what
in Heaven's name shall happen to
when this super-abundance of
coal ls augmented by the labors of
600,000 moro miners than arc now
employed? If we accept the reasons given now, by employers and
governments, for wage cuts, idleness and, as a consequence, pover-
then, when these 600,000 mine
workers return to work, our poverty shall be transformed Into a
vory calamity.
Charity Doles Given  to tlie Only
Useful Class
(4) The counties of Cumberland,
Plctou, Inverness and Cape Breton
North and South are represented In
this convention and In every one of
these counties charitable donations
bave had to be made during tho
laBt year to heads of families
among the mlnerB, because the
heads of these families had their
living taken away from them In the
shape of idle time and wage reductions. Not only did the Union givo
of its funds to relieve this distress,
but local agencies in these counties
had to contribute to this purpose.
Such is the pretty state existing
among coal miners in Nova Scotia
as a result of efforts of captains
(Continued on Page -f~   -
Women of U. S. to Hold
Meetings in Latter
Days of July
New York—Beginning July 29 a
series of meetings will be held here
and In other cities throughout the
United States to boycott war. The
meetings will be under the auspices of the Women's Peace Union
of the western hemisphere, the
members of which have token a
pledge never to help in another
war by giving services or money or
releasing men for war service.
Similar no more war demonstrations arc to bo held in England,
France, Germany, Austria, Holland, Switzerland, Czecho-Slovnkla,
Hungary, Portugal and Sweden.
'Our demonstration will mnke It
plain that not only do we not want
war, but that we wiU not help in
any wur for any purpose," said
Elinor Byrns, executive committee,
Women's Peaco Union, thc New
York headquarters of which are at
70 Fifth Ave, "This is the flrst
time women have banded together
throughout the world to stop war.
We have lost faith in thc ability ot
prime ministers and political conferences to stop war; so wo have
adopted a policy of non-cooperation
with war, as a first step toward
establishing the sacredness or human life."
Patronize Fed Advertiser* PAGE TWO
Published every Friday morning by The B, C.
Federationist, Limited
fourteenth YgAB. no. =i   THE BRITISH COLUMiJtA FEDERATIONIST vakkhwvr. b. a
Editorial Offices: 319 Pender St. AY.   Phone Sey. 5871
Subscription Rates: United States and Foreign. $3.00
par year;  Canada,  %2.SO per year,  11.50 for sis
j months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per
member per month.
Unity of Lahor:   The Hoi* of the World
FRIDAY July    14,    1922
The Class Struggle and Our
Position on the 0. B. U.
THE editor of lhe 0. B. U. Bulletin, in a recent issue, expressed a desire to know where
Ihe Federationist stood with regard to the
0. B. U., pointing out that at one time this
paper stood for that organization. lie also referred to tlie stand taken by this paper with
regard to thc decision of the United States
.Supreme Court with respect to trades union
activities, in which wc stated:
"While specifically, the decision of the
United States Supreme Court is an American question, and the workers of the
United States are threatened, Canadian
workers' organizations arc also faced with
a problem, and as the Canadian organizations are part and parcel of thc U. S.
Uahor unions, the question becomes of international working class import. Amalgamation or annihilation, that is the question of the moment. No greater reason
for the united front of the workers of this
continent has been given by the most
ardent advocate of industrial unionism,
than the decision of thc Supreme Court of
the U. S. A., and the Canadian workers
cannot retard the movement against the
IT. S. workers better than by urging the
amalgamation of thc unions in the different
industries.' Amalgamation or annihilation
faces ALL workers on the American continent, irrespective of national boundary
V       *       *
In reply, we might say that a wise man
changes his mind; a fool never. We do not,
however, wish to imply that thc editor of the
0. B. U. Bulletin is a fool, but we would point
out to him that the O.B. U. "is not." It is
not in Vancouver. The workers are, however,
still both in Canada and in the United States
and have stayed with thcir organizations, and
lhe 0. B. U. has not as yet captured thc industrial organizations of the U. S. A. Hence our
recognition ofthe fact that the workers must
!>e taken as they are, and not as we want them.
Itcalitics count in the class struggle, and if
three magic letters would emancipate them,
then they would have been free long ago, but
they won't, and as long as the workers see fit
to stay with certain type's of organizations, all
those who understand the fight before the
workers must, if they would advance the cause
of thc workers, go where the masses of thc
workers gather, and endeavor to build up those
organizations into fighting machines. "Wc may
have made a mistake in the past, but we arc not
making onc now, as time will prove. The workers of this country and the U. S. A. arc fighting a common enemy, and unity is thc need of
the hour, for the class struggle is on.
movement, and that the ruling elass efforts to
create master class psychology must be com-
battcd by the active workers by "the creation of
a working-class psychology, and outlook. Anti-
capitalist propaganda must be used to offset
thc efforts of thc employers. Practical application of the working-class theories worked
out by tho intellectuals, such as Marx, must be
made before the workers will act as a class.
They will never, however, learn to act as such,
until they have been tiiitght by practical men
that theories may bc all right in tlieir place,
but they arc not in the right spot in thc everyday fight of the workers. Action is needed
there, based on thc needs of tlie moment, not on
what may bc necessary a hundred years hence.
Knowledge is power when it is applied, but its
application eau only bc made by practical men,
not dreamers.
The Canadian Labor
Movement Reviewed
IN the current luue of tlie libortflllatlon with the International or-
Il.rnM    _til.h  Ib  _._(_■..  __.._.__    -___._.Inn_       __.■      tt...     ...       ■	
 July ,1_.  na
Knowledge and Its Application
THERE are many people connected with the
working class movement who have ono aim
and object in life, and that is, to understand
all that they arc capable of in connection with
the working-class movement. This is a laudable
objective. But it must be, pointed out that
learning, for thc sake of self-gratification, is
not, or should not be the object of a member
of the working class seeking to bring about a
change in society. Wc arc afraid, however,
that the immaculate conception of certain
people is of more importance, to them than
thc use which the learning they possess could
be put to in the working-class movement.
Many of these people also conceive thc idea
that their mission in life is to see that the members of the working class possess all the information with which they are equipped before the workers will change the system of society under which the great mass are suffering.
These people may not, however, have noticed
that certain facts were brought out by investigation during the war period. For instance, it
was found that of the men examined for military service, about 20 per cent, had the mentality of a child twelve years old. Others had
still less intelligence, and while some had more,
thc general average was very low.
* #      *
Thc intelligent and well-read man is too
prone to place himself on a pedestal. He gloats
over the fact that he knows a lot, while he
may not be able to apply his knowledge. He
may, for instance, ignore the psychological factor in thc mass movements of the people, and
by so doing overlook a very vital factor in the
movement whieh they seek to aid, but hinder
by their confusion because they are too learned
and become unpractical.
* *      •
Men are what they arc because of thc conditions which have governed their lives and
the lives of their progenitors. They must be
taken as they are, and if we do that, we will
find that men move not because thoy know all
that is to be known, but because of their conditions which are affected by very immaterial
tilings. Man is a complex animal. He is more
complex because he lives in this age under a
system of society which is complex and confusing, He cannot be taught by theory, but
by precept. He can learn by actual experience
and participation in working-class affairs and
struggles. Those who measured up to thc test
in the examination of army recruits in the war,
were so small in numbers that it
is a certainty that there aro but
few who can acquire a knowlcdgo of society
from books or speeches from thc platform, consequently Ijicre is only one way in which the
mass can be reached and the necessary psychology created, and that is by active participation in the working-class movement.
* ♦      »
Recognizing this fact, all students will conceive the idea that precept and experience must
bc the guiding factors in   thc   working-class
Nothing to be Pessimistic About
THfi appalling thing in thc working-class
movement of thc American continent is the
apathy of its membership. With more ruthless onslaughts by the ruling class than ever,
facing .them, with wage reductions on an unprecedented scale, and strike after strike taking place, grim struggles all of them, the workers arc as a class apathetic and are laying
down. ,.
* * ,% -'*••     '
This aspect of thc working-class movement
is, however, not confined to this continent
alone; it is very apparent in every country.
But hope, not despair, should be with every
worker, for as a local editorial writer pointed
out recently, news breaks are periodical. There
is a period of slackness, a period when there is
little news, although it might be noted that
often in these days, the news is held up bj;
those who control the press, but eventually the'
news "breaks," and thc daily papers are filled
with scare headlines.
The sufferings of thc workers at this time, and
thcir struggles, will not be in vain. Thc news
will break, and when it docs there will be
something doing in working-class circles, Human beings learn by experience. They never
did, in thc mass, learn from books. They are
now getting that experience, and some day in
thc near future their experience will be of
great value to them. The pity of it all is that
in the school of life they are compelled to suffer
untold miseries in order that they may learn
how to organize their forces and obtain their
freedom. But there is no reason for pessimism. All the forces in society are working
for working-class emancipation.
No Demand for More Workers
WIHLF_ thousands of men are out of work in
British Columbia and western parts of
Canada, press dispatches indicate that a propaganda campaign has bcen started in order
to bring meu in from thc East. Onc sueh dispatch states that it is now difficult to get men
for the logging camps, and that "soon" many
men will bc needed for construction work by a
mining company, and that while an order for
twenty-five carpenters had bcen filled by thc
loeal employment oflice, further orders could
not be filled.
To those who do not know conditions in this
part of the world sueh propaganda would give
the impression that times were booming and
that unemployment was a thing of thc past.
The lumber barons of this province by their
union-smashing tactics have driven thousands
of the best loggers thc country can produce
to other parts.. Their blacklist has been most
effective. The same applies to other industries, but even at that there are thousands of
all kinds of skilled workers seeking employment. Victoria has a large unemployed army.
Vancouver is not yet the mecea for jobless
The supply of cheap labor, that is cheap
enough to suit the employers' taste, may not,
however, bc as great as desired. An influx of
labor from the East might, however, have a
lowering tendency, hence the cry that there is
a scarcity of labor on thc coast. Low wages
are the order of the day. Carpenters are being
offered far below the union scale. Loggers
ar working for next to nothing, and can hardly
keep themselves. There is no shortage of labor
at living wages, but there is an employing class
which is never satisfied and will stop at nothing to wring greater profits from thc hides of
the wnge slaves of this part of thc country, and
if the people responsible for thc present campaign for cheap labor arc not desirous of seeing more distress and unemployment on this
coast next winter, they will be well advised if
they cut it short and pay wages on which men
can live like human beings, or they may have
to foot even greater bills for the support of
the idle workers next winter when thc spurt
will be over.
It is not what you know Jmt what you do
which counts in thc working-class movement.
Organization is the need of the moment,
workers are far from being organized,
without organization they aro helpless.
Premier Oliver sees danger in injustice, with
respect to freight rates. We wonder what he
thinks of thc "injustice" meted out to the
miners of the Crow's Nest Pass by their enforced idleness.
Unemployment, according to press dispatches, cost Canada $1,300,000 last winter.
We should worry, as we never had that much
money, and those who own thc eountry should
pay for its ills, and they did.
A visitor to tlio Fed. office thc other day suggested that there is an economio factor which
determines all onr actions, referring to human
beings, in everything pertaining to our existence. Here is a question that our readers
might givo thcir views on.
A moratorium for Germany is almost certain,
•says a local press headline. Many workers in
this part of the country would bo tickled to
death if they could get a moratorium, but then
they do not represent capitalism, hence they
must pay. The German republic may be a
change from thc monarchist regime, but it is
still capitalistic.
Herald, which Is mainly devoted
to Canadian working; claaa affairs,
Jack McDonald has an.artfrlft of
particular Interest to all* CfmuHfian
workers, in which he deals wilh
the Canadian Labor movement as
lt Is.
Ho says ln part:
"The trade union movement In
Canada has developed under lhe
social and economic conditions
created by Its peculiar position.
Canada Is dominated by two great
powers—England and the United
States. Politically a part of the
British Empire, Canada is becoming more and more dependent in
finance nnd industry upon Wall
Street. Downing Street and Wall
Street being at times in conflict,
Ottawa (capital ot Canada) is
bent and torn between them.
Moreover, the farming interest is
raising its voice, and having1 some
peculiar Interest at odds with both
Downing Street and Wall Street,
complicates still further the situation. Capitalist Canada is not a
unit; It Is a house divided against
itself. And the Labor movement
la Just beginning to make itself
"Canadian Labor also ls greatly
Influenced by two great Labor
powers, the Britiah unions and thc
United States unions.' Partaking
of the philosophy and traditions
of the British, yet tt is organically
hooked up with the United States
unions because of the close- economic connection between the two
countries. The great bulk of or-\
ganized Labor in Canada is part j
and parcel of the International
unions with headquarters In thc
United States—yet the Canadian,
Uke the British rather than Uke
the United States movement stands
for the Labor Party In politics,
and Js affiliated to the Amsterdam
Thua the Canadian Labor movement stands somewhere between
thc British and United -States
movements. It flnds it impossible
to progress as far as the'British,
but neither cnn it remain as backward as the United States. It
stands somewhere In between, but,
while the British influence of Ideas
and programmes is strong, undoubtedly the United States Influence of economic relationship is
the most vital and important.
Independent and National Unions
"According to available statistics there are approximately 300,-
000 trade unionists In} Canada.
The vast majority of these are
membors of the "Internationals"
of the great unions with headquarters ln the United Statea, mainly
of the American Federjijlon of
Labor. In addition to tijto Internationals, there are also a ,few
independent unions, or federations
which are nationalist in cl.arac-
ter." '_;_. i
He then deals with thc Canadian Federation of Labor and the
Catholic Unions, the flrst he points
out is governed by a purely nationalist spirit and the latter by
religious  beliefs.
He then deals with the Lumber
Workers' organization, and has the
following to say of that organization:
'The Lumber Workers Industrial Union of Canada, formerly
the British Columbia Loggers, was
at one time a strong organization.
The present conditions are, however, very adverse, with the clos- I
Ing down of many of the lumber
camps due to the depression. The
lumber workers became - afflliated
to the Onc Big Union at Its Inception, and were its greatest financial support. In 1920, however, they broke away because of
disagreement over the form of or-
gn nidation, and took their present
name. In spite of the hard times
they are now going through, thts
virile and radical organization bas
blazed the trail for the Canadian
Labor movement by deciding in
convention, some months ago. for
affiliation to the Ited Trade Union
International. They have no rivals in the Canadian lumber wpods,
and a revival ln the industry will
give theso stalwarts the opportunity of making their power Celt
In Canada once again,"
The Ono Big- Union Is.riext dealt
with, nnd the writer says:
"Tho One Big Union dates from
the conference held In March,
1019, at Calgary, Alborta. About
230 delegates of the Internationals
of the four Western Provinces—
British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan nnd Manitoba—met and
made some momentous decisions.
The western delegation at the
annual Dominion Tradea and Labor Congress hnd always comprised the radical or left whig.
Apparently becoming impatient at
tho slow progress of their Ideas
amongst the Eastern workers, and
without foreseeing tho disastrous
effect that their decision wns to
have on the movement in general,
this conference decided to ask Ihe
membership to sever all connections with the International organisations,
"The One Big Union has changed greatly In lis short life's Today Us most intense propaganda is
against industrial unionism. TUq
Bulletin of May 11 carried a long
oditorial, since reprinted as a
pamphlet, (ho burdon of which la
that 'tho advocacy of one union
for one industry Is a reactionary
step.'. It mny therefore be bf interest (o know what was tho atfl-
tudo of the Cnlgary conference,
which Jaunchod the One Big
Union? Resolution No. 2, which
waa carried unanimously, reads as
follows: i
Whereas, great and far-reaching
changes have taken place, during
tho last year in tht realms of industry; and i '9
Whereas, va havt discovered
through painful experiences the
utter futility of separate action on
tho part of the workers organized
merely along craft linos, such action tending to strengthen the relative position of tht master class;
therefore be it
Resolved, that this Western Labor conference place itself on ro-
cord as favoring the reorganization of tho workors along Industrial lines, so that by virtue of
their Industrial strength the workors rtiay be better prepared to enforce any domand thay consider
essential to their maintenance and
Resolution No, I, carried, reads
as follows:
Resolved, that this convention
recommends to Its affiliated membership the severance of thoir af-<
ganizations.   and    that   steps
taken  to  form   an   industrial   organization of all workers.
Section & of the policy committee  report Is also   interesting:
In the opinion of the committee
it will be necessary to establish an
industrial form of organisation.
The writer then deals with the
memorable Winnipeg strike, which
he says, "was one of the most
magnificent displuys of working-
class solidarity on the American
Continent," nnd tho fact that prominent mon who took part In the
formation of the O. B. U. nosy recognize the mistake which ' was
made when the split In the move*
meat took place, and sums up the
position In the following words:
Tho Real  Lalior Movement In
The vast majority of organised
workers In Canada belong to the
Internationals. The group of first
importance, as they constitute tho
keystone ln the Labor movement
of the country, ls undoubtedly the
railroad unions. The building
trades, metal trades and miners,
follow tn order of importance,
The Canadian District Council of
Metal Trades department, A. F, of
L«, covers the metal trades outside the railways; the railroad
shopmen constitute District No. 4
of the railway department. The
United Mine Workera have a membership of approximately 20,000,
organized in two districts, viz: No.
18, In Alberta, in the west, and
No. 2G in Nova Scotia In the east.
Canada ls a land of vast distances, which militates against
frequent conventions in the trale
union movement. The chief work
must, of course, be done In the
large cities. From Halifax to
Vancouver is a fair throw, but the
work must be carried on, on that
scale. This ls the reason that the
militant union men and women of
Canada have been inspired by the
work undertaken by the Trade
Union Educational League, which
is working ln the unions from
coast to caost, getting a common
programme Into action in every
town and city throughout the Dominion.
As a whole, the Canadian movement presents even better opportunity for our work, for immediate results, than any other sec;
tion. The movement ls more advanced In its social and political
outlook than the movement across
the line. The Dominion Trades
and Labor Congress, the counterpart of the A. F. of h. convention,
not only has gone on record for
Independent political action, but
has taken the initiative in the
formation of provincial labor parties, to which trades unions and
olher working class organizations
can affiliate. At the last Congress the basis was laid for the
linking up of these provincial parties into a Dominlonwlde Labor
The backwardness of the American Labor movement has been
used as an- argument by the advocates of Canadian national unionism; they have cited the lack of
national automony, the absence of
power to bring strong pressure on
the Dominion government, as their
strong argument against the Internationals. However true It may
be that the Canadian unions lack
power, It is certain that such
power cannot be achieved through
the policy of splitting up the
movement as has been done with
the nationalist unions and the O.
B. U. And just as the confusion
of dual unions is insupportable,
so also Is the multiplication of
craft divisions that now exist. Thc
only solid basis of working class
power industrial as well as politicnl. lies In the movement for consolidation and amalgamation. The
present councils of automomous
unions, separate headquarters, separate constitutions, separate sanctions to procure for each projected aetion—all this Is obsolete and
must bc scrapped. From a purely
financial point of view it Is untenable. Millions of dollars annually are literally thrown away
upon duplication of offices, editors,
organizers and officials. Because
of our lack of unity, among the
workers organized, we stand helpless before the solid phalanx of
the master class.
The trade union movement in
Canada, aa In other countries, is
passing through its most critical
period. The employers are attacking, viciously. The movement
relatively weak. Thousands
upon thousands of the - workers
know our weakness, and know
that Industrial unionism Is the answer. Nowhere Is this message
given to the rank and flle, but
what Is Is received with acclamation. Why then do we not make
more progress? The reason Is our
lack of organization among the
militant unionists In the past. We
havo relied upon a blast of trumpets. That will not do the deed,
Steady, hard, plodding work alone
will suffice, and thorough organization. Instead of being content
with damning the reactionary machine, we must build our own
machine—not for the gratification
of personal ambitions, but for furthering militant unionism. The
Trade Union Educational League
has been formed for this purpose,
and is already taking up the task.
Let us all take hold, and with this
instrument ready to our hands, set
remolding the trade union
movoment along industrial lines,
Infusing it with a new spirit, and
thus make it flt to cope with the
ruthless attacks of the capitalist
(By E. Ludwig, Berlin)
'THE memorandum "The World's
■*• Unemployment, Its Effects and
How to Combat It" elaborated by
the German government, for the
(leiioa conference hat been published in No. 8 of the Relchsar-
beltsWatt (Lnbor Gazette). It
should not be Inferred, however,
t hat the government (In which
Social Democrats nre represented) intends to have He memorandum act ns a spur to the workers
of tho world, the trado unions
nnd the politicnl -parties of tho
proletariat to Join hands and
abolish their common misery.
Far from tl! The government is
merely advancing the social and
economical political perils of unemployment under which the
United States and (even more so)
Great Britain are suffering, as
proof of the harmlessness of the
German dumping exports and as
an argument In favor of the Joint
reconstruction of world economy
by rebuilding German capitalism.
All the more reason why the Infinite sufferings of the many mil-
linos pf capitalist slaves hidden
beneath the carefully compiled
figures and cleanly drawn curves
should mnke our blood boll—
millions must perish that capitalism may overcome the effects of
the war and the world crisis:
"As a result of unemployment, 30,000,000 people are
today, leading a life not flt
for human beings."
Thus the memorandum. And we
must not forget that owing to the
more or less wilful incorrect estimates on the number of unemployed in nil countries, the figure
of 30,000,000 is, lf anything, set
too low.
For Europe, without Russia, the
numbor of unemployed must be
set at 4,000.000, that ts, seven or
eight times as much as before tho
war. To this must be added 4 to 5,-
008,000 unemployed ln the Unitod
States where the trade unions in
the State of Massachusetts alone
registor 25 per cont. unemployed,
compared to 4-8 per eent. in 1913.
In Great Britain 2,000,000 are receiving unemployment doles and
amongst the organized workers
there are 16 per cent, unemployed
as against 2 per cent, before the
war. With the inclusion of short
time workers Italy has 800,000,
Switzerland .50,000, und Belgium
100,000 unemployed. From tho
middle of 1920 until the end of
1921 tho number of unemployed
receiving dolo rose from 2.6 per
■cent, to 16.2 per cent. In England.
The number of unemployed ln Italy
Increased ln the same period from
100,000 to 700,000 (including
short time workers) whilo in Switzerland the number Incearesd from
15,000 to 150,000. Germany, on
the other hand was giving relief
nt the beginning of this year to
only 200,000 unemployed, representing a slight increase as against
tbe end of 1921.
Quite apart from the physical
and moral dangers nnd from tho
perils of economic pauperisation
and   political   agitation    (?)    the
memorandum   laments  how  great_|_polled to produce goods which she,
Sugamo, Japan—The office of
the secret Socialist organization at
Sugamo was raided by .the police
and more than 1000 Socialist placards confiscated. The raid was
made as a result of a discovery of
radical placards posted at Taraal-
cho, Shlgeru Okada, president of
tho organization, and several other
mombors have been sent to the
Metropolitan police department for
the expenditures for unemployed
relief and the amount of wages
lost are alone, and continues:
"For the year 1921 one must set
the amount paid out In unemployment relief for Europo alone
at least St 4 billion nnd for the
wholo world at 10 billion gold
francs; for the ^ear 1920, with
considerably less unemployment,
at 1.33 and 3 billions respectively;
and for 1919 at 2 and 5 billions.
The costs Incurred since the Armistice In paying unemployment
benefits must be estimated for Europe at 8 billion and for thc whole
world at 25 billion gold francs."
According to the memorandum,
this amounts to a dnily relief of 3
gold francs per unemployed, a
sum that tn Germany at. least has
never been oven approached, in
that country the maximum dally
unemployment relief rose from 6
marks In 1919 to 18.50 marks In
February, 1922, for the head of
the family and from 1.50 to 8.75
marks respectively for dependents,
the whole amount paid not to exceed twice that paid to a single
unemployed worker. Taken at the
average amount of 3 gold francs u
German unemployed worker at
present rate of exchange ought to
receive 150 marks daily.
The loss in wages since the Ar
mistice Is computed at 25 billion
gold francs for Europe and 60
billion for the whole world:
"For 1921, the loss in Europe
alone is estimated at 10 billion,
for the whole world at 25 billion;
in 1920, for Europe at 8 billion,
for the whole world at 75 billion
gold  francs."
This comparison of the former
number of unemployed and the
losses in wages shows that what
the memorandum terms the "faux
frais" of economics Is merely the
mechanics of capitalism to overcome the crisis at the expense of
the proletariat. By closing down
factories the return on which is
Insufficient and saving 80 billions
In wages on one hand and by paying 26 billions unemployment re-.]
lief on the other, the capitalists
save a goodly sum even If they
pay the relief out of their own
pockets. But these 25 billion unemployment benefits are, as the
memorandum admits, "in the end
paid by the remaining part of the
population," Translated out of the
vulgar-economic jargon of the memorandum into hard capitalist
terms, this "remaining part of the
population" is that part' of the
working class which has not yet
been thrown on the street These
workers must in the forms of
taxes and duties of all kinds surrender the meagre dole which the
capitalist state throws to tht unemployed In order that profits may
remain intact and grow, -while the
reserve army supported out ofthe
Mexico City — Sacco-Vanzettl
pamphlets, describing ln tht Spanish language the miscarriage of
Justice In Massachusetts, where
two radicals active Jn the Italian
colonies have been convicted of
the murder of a paymaster on
flimsy and partly repudiated evidence, «rt circulating among Mexican Labor unions. Many literature secretaries carry (he pamphlets.
♦wages of labor keeps .down the
wages of the proletarians still at
work, thus saving capitalism from
collapsing under the burden of unemployment expenditure*. ■'•
Capitalism.-is. really not concerned with preserving ttife ^consumltfg
power of its slaves, as the memorandum naivety supposes when it
suggests that the loss, of the millions of consumers due to unemployment lendj to aggravate the
crisis. Capitalism, however, does
not mind this contradiction at all,
because to .satisfy the needs ofthe
working members of society has
never b.con a purpose ln itself. The
preservation of labor power has at
all times merely bcen a rather disagreeable prerequisite for exploiting it. Hence, tf capitalism can
not exploit labor profitably owing
to the orisis, lt leaves it to perish;
reduction of wages and the closing down of factories (and the
subsequent price reductions) becomo almost the sole means of
relieving the crisis. For this reason it is obvious that capitalist
economy whose crisis is caused by
the tremendous increase of the
ever-existing reserve army con
neither abolish unemployment altogether nor even reduce it to a
considerable extent. Productive
unemployment relief (provision of
work or emergency work) which
consisted for the most part of arduous plck-ang-shovel labor was,
especially for the skilled workers,
of little importance. To this must
be added the fact, that In most
countries emergency work and
productive work which In most
cases served public interests was
at the expense of the hungry unemployed carried through as
cheaply as possibly by means of
low wages or the stretching of
the work. Relief for the poorest
of the poor becomes In the hands
of a capitalist community a means
for exploiting these victims of
The memorandum, however,
holds the Treaty of Versailles, and
not capitalism, the war and the
world crisis, as responsible for unemployment. The sufferings of
millions are -considered a good
enough bridge across which the
Wirtli cabinet can approach Allied Imperialism and beg for an
international lonn to stabilize thc
German mark. For the root of all
the evil Is (he exchange chaos
following the peace. The memor
andutn proves in detail that the
unemployment level is an expression of the said exchange chaos;
its vacillations parallel those on
the exchange market. Switzerland with the highest gold parity
(101 per cent.) hat 150,000 unemployed. Germany, on the other
hand, with her depreciated mark
hus hardly 200,000 unemployed.
According to the official opinion
of tho German govornment this la
not tho reeult of the fact that
Germany owing to the depreciation of her currency can pay the
lowest wages and thus Increaso her
dumping, but the explanation Is to
be found ln the higher rate of exchange of the other countries:
Hence Germany Is today com
Ring op Phone Seymour
f or appointment
Dr. W. J. Ci
Suite 3*1 Dominion Dnlldl,
Cigar Store]
Kindling Free
according to the principles of
sound economy, should by way of
return for hor gooda receive from
abroad. This economically unsound production Is (though in the
countries with a low rate of exchange giving employment to millions) all things considered 'emergency work'—veiled unemployment."
Every child knows that the
."seemingly favorable, labor market" Is of advantage to Gormany,
of course not to the German workers, but to the German capitalist.
Every, child knows that the goods
"Gormany Is* todny compelled to
produce" are not goods she would,
If things were otherwise, hnvo Imported, but goods for dumping export, Tho coolie wnges of the
German workers do not, as the
memorandum wants to make the
world believe,' nerve Increased-
home consumption, but, the Increase of her dumping exports.
These facts which even bourgeois
economists have admitted to bo
correct aro pervorted by the memorandum In order to turn unemployment Into an nrgumentwith
which to prove, an behalf of the
exporting great capitalists, the absurdity of the world powers' antidumping laws.
"Help German capitalism In Its
reconstruction and—you have abol
ished unemployment"—that Is the
leitmotif und tht refrain of German official sagacity. Capitalism
Itself with Its crises creates and
Intensifies unemployment. And
Just as an International loan,
would not stabilize the mark effectively, nor put a stop to the
decay of capitalism neither would
it abolish unemployment which is
but the natural outcome of capital's anarchy.
- And no mntter If the vacillations of the crisis temporarily reduce the number of unemployed,
the Intensification of the discrepancies within capitalism will In the
end drive the curve of unemployment stendily upwards. Today
even In the Imperialist world Powers capitalism can only live If lt
denies an ever greater number of
human beings the right to exist.
O.J. Mengel]
Writes all class., of Iniur. "
ance, Representinr only first-
clam Board companies. It Insurance li wanted, writ* or'
phono Say. 56_«.
Once addreu, UU Board at}
Trade Bldf., Vancourer, B.O.
of ten causes the spine to,
become deranged
scientifically relieves the
nerve strain and a cure is '
James Bryson
D. C, N. D.
Broadway and Main
Open erery evening for the
convenience of workeri.
Phone Fair. 8S6
HII — ,
Seeder uttlete, 11 •__. ud 7.10 >.d
Bund-jr aehoal l___.dJat.ly fellowtiL
nerelef nrvlc.. Wednvtdar taeiln-alf
BMtlefc f pja. ttae
tenet Birtt Bldi.
International Local 844 is
holding its meetings every
Thursday of each month
at 8 p.m., 819 Pender St.
BOOT is tho lightest and most flexible Logging Boot over made,
' If you use your feet ai a sledge hammer on hooks, chains, etc.,
then buy Christie's No. B0 and go at it. Waterproof; guaranteed
to hold calks.
Christie Boot Factory
at   _*_*_•-»-_«r_   ™__i__.      «.      « 	
51 OOHDOVA WEST.   Phone Sey. SK70
tn that dark hour when lympa-l
thy and but lervlce count •»|
much—call up
Phone Falnnont SS
Prompt Ambulance Sentee
"A Good Place to Eat"
Ths Hut line ef the
Clow August lit, 1623
It you nre con templi ting t nlting new .
I service, or making any changes In or
1 addition! to yonr preaent aervice, you '
•hould send In notification, In writing, not later than Ibe above date. In
order that you msy take advantage
of the new dlroctnry Hutinga.
Tha Telephone Directory offeri an
attractive and effective medium for
ftdvertlalnir purpoiM- Adwtliart
ahould bear tba above data in mind
ao lhat iniertlon may he aura ln tk*
and Non-alcoliollo wind ot all
Every reader of The Feder*. *j
tlonlBt can render valuabllPu. slst-
anco by renewing their tmbscrip-'
tlom os soon oa thoy are due, and I
and by inducing anotller worker to I
subscribe. It docu not take mucb j
i> ITnrl In tin this.    Tir It. » .July   14.   192*
fourteenth tear, no. »  THE JBEllISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancoovbr.•» a
( M
/   •:
On'*    *
Don't Be
"Nerve Blocking"
methods as used in my
office, enable me to do
any kind of work on
your teeth without
causing you inconvenience.   ..
"Nerve Blocking," as practiced in my office, is thoroughly safe and scientific.   It is based on tho practice ap-
proved and used by thc highest dental authorities.
I uso these methods lu every form of work liable to cause pain.
Dr. Brett Anderson
W2 Hastings St. Wait
Rank of Nova Scotia Building
Pbone Sey. *U1
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
1)K. BRETT ANDKRSON. formerly member of tba Vacuity of tht
College of Dentlltry, University of Southern California, Lecturer <_*
Grown   and   Bridfework,   I>t-mon*tn.tor  In   Plntewark   and   Operative
Dent tat ry, Local aad Oeneral Anaeatbesla.
Vancouver Unions
cU—aleati   aecond    Mondtr   ta   Ua
month.   Preaident, J. B. White; atcra-
tary. R. H, Neelanda, P. 0. Box 00,
need brieklayera er sumou Iw bailer
worka,   «te„   or   marblo  gettera.   pheu
Brioktayera* Onion, Labor Tempi*.
453—Preildent, W. Dunn; Seeretary,
W. J. Johnston; Bualneaa Agent, **■• 0.
Thorn. Oftee 804 Labor Hall. Meeta
■second nnd fourth Monday nt 8 p.m. ta
Ubor Hnll,
0. B. U.—Preeldent, H. Grand; iecretary, 0. 0. Miller, HeeU Snd snd 4th
Wednesday ta each month la Pender Hnll,
corner of Pender and How* Streeta.
Phone Baywonr 281,
Aiioclatlon,    Locnl    88-52-O«o« ud
ball,   IM  Cordevn   St.   W.    Meeta  tnt
and third Prldtyi. I p.m. Seeretary*
treaiurer, T. Nixon; buiineu agent, P.
trial anion of nil worken ta tor
ginu and comtructlon campi, Cout Die-
trlct and General Huadousrterf, 81 Cor
dova St. W-, Vancouver, B. C. Phon* Sey,
TIS6. J. M. Clarko, ireiu-nl secretary*
ireasuror; legal adviien, Maura. Birt,
Macdonald A Co., Vancouver, B. C: mil*
tori, Meun. Buttar k Chiene, Vanconver. B. 0.
B. C—Formerly Firemen and Oilers'
Union of British Columbia—Moeting
night, first and third Wednesday of each
month at 101 Main Street. Preildent,
A. Williams; vice-president, R. Morgan;
seeretary-trensurer, W, Donaldson. Address, 108 Main Street, Vanoouver, B. 0.
Victoria Branch Agent's address, W.
Francis, 617 Johnson St., Victoria. B. C.
ratora and Paperftangcra of America.
Local 138, Vsncouver—Meeta 2nd and
4th Thursdaya st 148 Cordova St. W.
Phone Soy. 8491. Business agont, R. A.
on Bridgemen, Drrriekmen snd Riggers
•f Vancouver and vicinity. iMifs every
Monday, 8 p.m., ln O. TJ. U. Hsll 104
Ponder St. W. Presldsnt, W. Tanker;
flnanolal secretary and business sgsnt, C.
Aaderaon.    Phono  Soymoar 181.
Operating Engineers, Local 844, moeta
every Thursilsy st 8 p.m., Room 807
Labor Tempi*. Secretary •Treainrar, N.
Green, 953 Hornby Bt. Phone Sey. 704SR.
Recording Secretary. W. Chandler, 1081
Veil Ave., North Vancouver.
6'i'ttfc.Ki' AND ELECTRIO KAIL Wai
Kapleyecs, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meots A. 0. P. Hall, Mount Plesiart
lit and 8rd Mondaya st 10.15 s.tn, snd '
p.m. PneUent, P. A. Hoover, 2*09 Clark*
Drive; recording-iecrcttry, F. E. Griffin.
447—Ath Avena* Eait; treasurer, E. 8.
Cleveland; (1 (Uncial* secre tary and business agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4308 Dumfries Street; elc* eorner Prior ud Msln
Sts.   Phons Pair 8804B.
Amerlcs, Loesl No. 1T8—Meetings held
flrst Mondsy ln each month, 8 p.m. President, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, D.
Lawson; recording secretary, C. MoDonald, P. 0. Bex  £03;  financial seen-
tary,_T._Templeton, P._ Oj_Bo__ 603;	
of  the 0.   B.  U.  tneota on  tho tbls*
Wodiieiiday of every montb.    Everybody
Provincial Unions
Council, 0. B. U.    Brsnchea:    Prince
Rnpert District Fisheries Board, O.B.U.;
Metalliferous Miners' District Board,
O.B.U. Socrenry-treasurer, 1', 0. Boi
3IT, Prince Rupert.
The greatest Assistance tlmt tlie
readers of Tlie Federatlonist can
render us at tills time, t** by securing; a new subscriber. Br doing: w\
yon (spread the news of the working class movement and assist us
The Maryland Cafe
Is a strictly Union Home ud worth
patronising.    Only Vain Honis bs-
twesn Gambia ud Columliln Streets.
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Kates Reasonable
Etct j reader ol Tlie Federatlonist can render valuable assistance by renewing tlieir eubacrip-
tlons as soon m ioey are doe, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It doea not take much
effort to do thla,   Try It.
About 80 or 90 men employed.
Logging with auto trucks, three of
them being "gypo." Thia makes
a highball outflt, as the trucks aet
the pace for the rest of the crew.
Sawing Is also by the "bushel,"
and most of the sawyers are striking coal miners, who ar_ striking
for shorter hours and yet are willing to work twelve and fourteen
houra- in the woods. These men
go out after supper and saw a
few more logs for the master. The
loaders are also in the habit of going out for a few hours after supper in order to allow the "gypo"
truck drivers to get In a few more
feet. Dirty, overcrowded bunkhouses, with top and double bunks;
rotten water, which is got out of
an old condemned well. Have
been digging a new well (or thli
lait four monthi, but they are aa
far away from water aa ever. The
well li alio "gypo." Aa long
they make some showing with thli
hole in the ground the workera will
not kick, as they say, "We have to
give the company a chance." The
secretary at Cranbrook notlfled the
provincial police at Fernie about
the conditions here, and he came
down and looked things over, but
outside ot having a couple of pigs
chased out of the dining room, and
exacting a promise to have the
bunkhouses cleaned up somewhat
he did not do very much.
Always at the Front with
Week-End Specials
Free Delivery
123 Hastings __...PIione Sey. __«!
1191 Grnnvllle....l>honc Sey. 0119
__B0 Main St Phone Pair. 1085
8-0 Granville...Phonp Sey. 800
Finest Canadian Cheese, per
lb ...: 25c
B. C. Fresh Eggs, 3 doz...90o
Extra Choice Alberta Creamery
Butter, lit for any table, on sale
Saturday morning (fcl 1 C
at S lbs. for    «J> 1 • A O
Sinter's Sliced Streaky Bacon
per lb 40o
Slater's Sugar Cured Mild
Streaky Bacon, sliced, per
lb 46o
Slater's Sliced Boneless Roll,
smoked, per lb 35c
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire Back
Bacon, per lb 35c
On sale on Friday and Saturday,
50 specially selected and extra
mild cured Picnic Hams, specially cured for our week-end
trade. They only weigh from 4
to 6 lbs., and they are beauties.
Regular 28c lb. O'ile.
Special, per lb  £sO_Q
We are sure that if you come
along and see them, you will be
sure to buy one.
Quality Pot Roasts from, per
lb 1254c
Quality   Oven   Roasts   from,
per lb;  :l_H<s
Finest   Boiling   Beof   from,
per lb.  ,._„8c
Finest Boneless Stew Beef, 2
lbs. for   tie
Finest   Boneless   Rolled
Roasts from, Ib 20e
Slater's Famous Pork Shoulders,
special, per Oil
lb ■_  eiltC
They weigh from 5 to 8 lba.
(Oovernment Inspected)
Legs Local Killed   Lamb,    per
lb 35}$c
Loins Local Killed   Lamb,   per
1» 32 %c
Roasts Local Killed Lamb, per
lh 25o
Local Killed Lamb Stew, 2 lbs.
for 25c
New Spuds,
7 lbs. for	
Last, but not least, Slater'a
Famoua Streaky Bacon. The
whole Blab only weighs nbout 12
lbs.    Regular 42c lb.
Saturday, per Ib 	
Half or whole slab,
All to be Had at
gary to work in their mill at
Yahk and Bull River River for
88.00 and 18.25 per day and are
asked to sign a contract to stay
two monthi. The B. C. Spruce
Mills at EUmberton, B. C, are atill
paying the large aum of 18.00 and
18.25 per day for ten houn. The
Crow's Nest Lumber .Company Is
paying the aame. The Sullivan
Mines at Kimberly, B. C, are
building a new concentrator at
Kimberly. They are working eight
hours but the conditions are rotten.
They are building two largo bunkhouses to hold 140 men each. The
bunkhouse ls being partitioned off
into rooms to hold five men each.
The "chuck" Is of tho worst kind.
There Is not a camp ln this part of
the country that compiles with the
B. C. health regulations. The logging camps are being tilled with
striking coal miners who are working longer hours and tor less
wages than the loggera will accept, and this fact Is wrecking the
movement tn this part of the country. Theso men are atriklng to
improve their own conditions ahd
yet they are coming Into the logging campa and working twelve
and fourteen hours per day at
piece work. Tho lumber com*
panies are taking advantage of
thla to cut wages, increase hours
and take away working conditions
that have been gained ln the past.
tit Tw.ity Tsars wi _■» Usui! this Vain Stamp fer au nadir oar
FttHtal Callscttn Bujilniag
rorb-U Both SMkM sad lockouts.
Dliputti Settled by AiMtrstln
■Kill Employment ud Skilled Wo-_m»_l__»
Prompt DeUnrlos te Deelere lad Publie
Feaco ind Success ti Workon and Euplojeri
Proiperlty of Shoe Making Commtoutloe
As liyil aaloa sua aad womee, Wl uk
yoa to donud eboee -wring tb* ahm
Union Stomp ob Solo, Inoolo or Lining.
Oollia Eoyoly, Qonorll Proliant    OUtlii L. Bainl, Oeneral Bec-Treu.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental nnd Shnde Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
/Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Rat-tings St. E. 2—STORES—2 6B5 Granville St.
Sey. VB8-.72 "SAY IT WITH PLOWKKS"       Sey. 9513-1381
With four or five hundred men
Idle in this district the lumber
barons are now shipping . three
hundred men from Ontario ln order to fill up their camps. Undoubtedly taking advantage of the
low wages and long hours that exist In thla district the C. P. R. Is
at present shipping men from Cal-
Camp and board fair, no top
blunks, bath houae and dry room,
hot and cold water, blankets supplied, eight-hour day, board $1.20
per. This camp ls about 75 per
cent, organized. Del. 696.
New Westminster District
TAKE NOTICE that I, J. M. Uackin-
noa, of Vaneouvar, B C-, intend to apply
for » licence to prospect for Coil, Petro*
loutn or Natural Lie.* on th* following do*
tcrlbed submarine lands:
Commencing at a post planted nt low
water mark of Stanley Park about SOO
yards norlh of wbat la Itsnwn aa Second
Beach, thane* Weat 80 chains, thonca
North 80 chaina. thence East 80 chaina
moro oc less to low wat*r mark of Stanley Park, .hence Southerly along low
water mark ef Stanley Piirk 80 chains
inure or less to placo of cum men cement,
containing 840 acres more or lest, a>
shown on plan attached hereto.
Per W. T. Rosa, Agoat
Dated Vancouver, B. C_. April 29th, 1022.
New Westminster District
TAKE NOTICE that I, Annette M.
Macdonald, of Vancouver, B. 0.. Intend
to apply for a licence to prospect for
Coal, Petroleum or Natural Oaa on the following dohcrlhed submarine  landa:
Commencing at a post planted at lew
water mark of Stanley Perk about 1!00
yards North of Second Beach, thence
west 80 chains, thence Smith 00 chains,
I hence Eaat 100 chains more or less to
luw water mark of North aide of Falsi
Creek, thence Northwesterly along low
water mark 70 chains more or leaa to
point of commencement, as shows on
plan attached hereto.
Per W. T. Rosa,  Agent.
Dated Vancouver, B. C, April 26th, 1922.
TAKE NOTICE lhat I, W. T. Ross, of
Vaneoaver, B. G, Intend to apply for a
licence to prospect for Coal, Petroleum or
Natural Gas on the following described
submarine lands.
All Beams of eoal and eoal measures
underlying those lands and lands covered
by water described ns follows:
Commencing at a pest planted at high
water mark near the North end of Balaclava Street, thenco North 00 chains,
thence East 80 chaina more or less to
high water mark on tho North side of
Fnlse Crook, thence Southeasterly along
high water mark 70 chiilns moro or less
to the line of tlio North Side of the Canadian Pacific Railwny Bridge, thence
Westerly nlong the North side of the
Canadian Pacific Railway Bridge, *10
chnins moro or leas to high wnter murk
on the shore ot tho Kitsilnno Indian Reserve, theiica following the shore lino at
high water mark 100 chains more or less
to point of commencement, us shown on
plan attached hereto.
W. T.  ROSS.
Dated Vancouver, B. C, April 29th, 1922.
New Westminster District
New Westminster District
TAKE NOTIOE that I, Stuart Cameron,
of VancouTer, B. C, intend to apply for a
licence to prospect for Coal, Petroleum
or Natural Oas on the following described  submarine lands:
All the senins of coal and eoal measures underlying those lands and Iambi
covered by water drscribed as follows:
Commencing at a post planted at high
water mark near the North end- of Balaclava Street, North 60 chains, thence West
U> chains, thence South 00 chains more
or less to high water mark, thence Easterly 80 chains along high water mark
to point of commencement, ss shown
plan  attached   hereto.
« . _i « Per W. T. Ross, Agent.
Dalad Vancouver, B. 0., April 29th, 1922.
Walk' about live miles to
Leave camp at 6.30 a.m.,
work at 8, quit at 4,30 p.m.
per at 6. Wages $3.25 per day,
board $1.20, blankets $1.00 per
week, hospital $1.00 per month.
Work -Sundays and as much overtime as the boss thinks flt. Grub
Is fair except lunch, which we pack
with us, and which consists of
three hard sandwiches and water.
Bath house and dry room, bunkhouses fair. Boss just "canned"
about 30 men, for reasons unknown. *
Great Destitution Prevails
;:% West Virginia
Coal Fields
Washington.—Investigation of the
'New River dlitrlet of the Weat
Virginia coal fields by a commlB-
alon appointed by Rabbi Stephen
3. Wise of New Tork, at the invitation of the New River Operators' Association, has revealed
about 15,000 striking miners and
their families living In great destitution. About 300 men, women
and children in the district have
been evicted from their homes and
are living In tents, barns, and tar
paper -hacks. Msny mora.havt
already received notices to leave
Uw company-owned houses, and If
tha atrlke continues will probably
ba evicted In a short time, the National Catholic Welfare Council,
department of social action, announces.
It waa found that tha destitution was due, partly to tha extreme unemployment of 1921, and
the winter of 1022, and partly to
tht refusal of large numbers of
tht miners to return to work on
condition that they accept the
wages paid in the wlntar of 1117,
and that they give up collective
A large part of the relief aent to
tht atriklng and unemployed minen in the district haa come from
voluntary relief organisations
which have collected money in
Baltimore and New York. The Investigating commission was composed of Rabbi Sidney ^Goldstein
and Wlnthrop D. Lane, New York,
and Rev. R. A. McQowan, Washington.
The International
Coal Situation
■ Falling contracted by two mon
who hire the other fallers and
buckers. Frank Sims, one of the
company/ is hook-tender; grub
poor, and the.cook got orders to.
cut It down some more. Most oft
the crew are local ranchers, and
three of four are related to the
company. Only four union men In:
camp* so far. Ground vory rough
and steep, and very bad going.
One donkey and vory poor equipment. Bunkhouses are fair with
blankets supplied; bath house under construction, no charge made
for blankets until it is finished.
Wages 50c more per day than paid
further down the coast.
Donations to Literature Fund
Cranbrook District
C. N. P.  Lbr.  Camp  No.   2
Alfred McTear      2.00
Fred  Franson        2.00
BUI Carmody      1.00
A.   Bolleau       1.00
E. Johnson      1.00
A.   Young      1.00
C. Johnson  ..,     1.00
J.   C.   Larson 50
J. Russolly  50
J.   Simms    — 50
F. Dickson   50
Total   .411.00
B. C. Spruce Mills, Cnmp No. 1.
M.  J.   Mahoney $5.00
Jan. L. Peterson,
Seoretary pro tem.
[By Gustav Sobottka, Berlin]
THE question of whether capitalist world economy hai or has
not overcome the crisis engendered
by the war, is one of extreme importance for revolutionary parties
and organizations. The state of
affairs revealed ln the world's coal
production, one of the most important raw materials of capitalist
economy. Is of course only a part
of the phenomena of capitalist production. But here also lt is plainly apparent that as yet there can
be no talk of having overcome the
crisis. The world coal production
shows rather that the crisis ls becoming more acute. During the
war when, particularly ln America,
there took place an enormous increase of productive apparatus,
there was also to be seen up to the
year 1910 an Increase in coal production. In 1919 the coal output
of the United States amounted to
{102,534,410 tons. After the cessation of war business, coal production fell In 1920 to 886,000,000
tons. Although in 1921 an increase
of about 62,600,000 tons took place,
It only brought the output up to
448,600,000 tons and remained
about 63,934,410 tons below that
of 1919.
Coal Production Declines
In the remaining coal producing
countries coal production between
1919 and 1920 showed an Increase.
In 1921 there followed a reduction
lti all, countries with the exception
of Germany, as the following figures'(taken from the Frankfurter
Zeituhg) show
18,842,950    22,338,770    21,807,160
22,341,000    25,300,000    20,000,000
233,467,478  238,216,071 166,992,000
116,500,000 140,757,433 145,400,000
Germany (Peat Coal)—
93,800,000 111,834,000 120,000,000
The greatest decline took place in
England where in 1921 the great
coal strike took place. But after
making allowance for this deficiency which, according to the Deut-
cho Bcrgworkszeltung amounts in
round figures to 52,000,000 tons, the
production still remains considerably below that of 1920. As for
attaining tho pre-war level of production which In England amounted in 1913 to 285,000,000 tons,
that Js not to be thought of.
Railroad Shop
Crafts Draw Up Plans
(Continued from page 1)
New Westminster District
TAKE NOTIOB thftt t Jew H. tfte-
Kinnon, of Vancouver, D. C, Intend to
•PP'y 'or a lieence to prospect for Coil,
Petroleum or Natural Om on th* follow
ing doacribf-d subtutrlne lends: All G»ms
of coal and coal mesaum underlying th-mt
londi and landa covered by water described aa follows:
Commencing al a post plantod at high
water mark near tho North end of ill-men
Street, thence North 80 chains, thence
Eaat 80 chains, thence Soutli SO chains
more or'lcss to high water mark, thence
West 80 chains more or less along high
water mark to point of commencement,
as shown on plan attached hereto.
Per W. T. Ross, Agent.
Dated Vancouver, B. C, April 29th. 1922.
election of nn executive council to
represent all the trndes, and to
consist of two or three members
from each organization participating. This would bring about unity
ln the administration and enable
the workers to .stand together as
one body. Merging Lhe executives
would in Itself constitute half of
The leaflet then outlines the remainder of the amalgamation process.
Affiliated with the legislative
committee are the Minnesota organization of the machinists, blacksmiths, boilermakers, sheet motal
workers, electrical workers and
railway enrmen, O. H. Wangerln,
411 Dakota bldg., St. Paul, ls secretary of the committee.
Packing   House
Workers to Reorganize
(Continued from page 1)
New Westminster District
TAKE NOTICE that I, Stuart Cameron,
of Vancouver, B. C., intend to apply for
a licence to prospect for Coal, Petroleum
or Natural Ona on the followlni; deacrlbed
uubmarino lands.
All seams of coal and eoal mcasi-rea underlying those lands nnd lauds covered by
water described as followa:
Commencing at a post planted at high
wnter mark near tho North end of Blanca
Street, thence North 80 chains, thenco
West 80 chains, thenco South 80 chaina
more or Inns to high water mark, thence
East 80 chains more or leiB to point of
commencement, as shown on plan attached
Per W. T, Ross, Agont.
Dated Vancouver, B. a, April 28th, 1922.
New Westminster District
TAKE NOTIOE that I, J. M. Mackln-
non, of Vancouver, B. (.'., intond to apply
for a Ucenco to prospect for Coal, Petroleum or Natural Gaa on tbo following de-
ncrlbed lands:
Commencing at a post placed at the
Northwest corner of the Kitsilano Indian
Reserve, thence South to the Southwest
cornor of the Indian Reserva and First
Avenue, thonce Easterly to shore line,
thdir.e along shore line to point of commencement, containing 160 acres moro or
Per W. T. BoM^Jtgent.
Dated Vanconver. B Ot. April SBtk. 1922.
brought in to take the places of
the strikers, aud one in which the
butchers would not stay on tha Job
or kill livestock handled by nonunion stockyard employees."
Somo time ago District Council
No. 5 passed a resolution asking
that the International Union of
Amalgamated Meat Cutters apd
Butcher Workmen of North America call a convention, the purpose of which would be to convert
itself Into an organization such las
outlined. Sufficient locals have
voted upon this proposition and
the international has called the
convention to be held ln gt. Paul
July 24,
15,088,175    13,300,000
For Sale al all
Lifiwir Slorcs .
TNSTEAD of carrying, have BRITANNIA
1 BEEB delivered! Vou will appreciate not.
only the relief from "portage," bat the convenience of having BRITANNIA BEES in your
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Deivered to Your Home
in from 2 to 10-case lots. You lefevc your orde^
at the Government Liquor Store. BRITANNIA
BEEU is the beer with the full rualt flavor.
There is.no charge for delivery.   ■
Phone High. 7«3
and we will pick up empty bottlea.
Canadian  Miners
Take Decisive Stand
(Continued" from   page  1)
On behalf of the unemployed
In Newbury (Berkshire) an application has been made to the
high court for a mandamus to
compel the guardians of the poor
to provide work for wages. This
action follows an unsuccessful attempt made recently by the unemployed to got an order from
the magistrates compelling the
guardians to provide work for
wages under Aets 48, Elfzaboth.
and 59 Qeorge III. The home
secretary then said the right
courso was to apply to tho high
Decline In Belgium and France
The decline In Belgium and
France is worthy of notice. In
these countries where the mines
were in part destroyed by the war
and deprived of part of their skilled workers, so that at flrst after'
tho war in 1919 the restoration of
the mines had 10 lie undertaken,
the Increase shown in the year
1930 compared with the year 1919
is, of course, quite natural. With
the restoration of the mines an increase in the coal output naturally
took place. As we see, thts Is no
longer the case in 1921. The coal
production instead of Increasing,
hns declined In both countries. In
France It Is very considerable,
amounting to about 20 per cent.
Here It ls evident that other than
natural forces are at work which
hinder the restoration of the minea
aud consequently the production of
Things are otherwise in Germany Here during the war the
mines were exploited In an incredible manner. Development work
and the opening up of new coal
fields were completely neglected.
It was therefore to be expected
that after the war In 1919 there
should be an enormous fall in coal
production in compralson with tho
preceding years. In 1920, however,
we observe an increase or 24,267,-
430 tons and immediately after In
1921 a further increase of 4,042,
55,7 .tons. The great Increase ln
1920: was partly due to tha introduction of overtime which took
place by agreement tn 1920 In the
Oerman coal Held, the Ruhr. In
spite of the discontinuance of overtime in 1921, coal production
showed no decline, but even increased. The output of peat coal
and the manufacture of briquettes
has already- surposned pre-war figures.
Increased Production Jn Gerinany
The Increase of coal production
In Oermany, however, cannot be
taken ns a sign of recovery on tht
part of Germany, as it fs only possible because of the low wages of
the German miners and the low
value of the German currency
which allows the German capitalists to export great quantities of
coal. On the other hand the carrying out of the Versailles treaty
and the Spa agreement has also
resulted In a greater coal production In Germany,, and as wo can
clearly see has at the samo time
led to a decline in Belgium and
' "With regard to the quostion
whether capitallBt.'World oconomy
ls recovering or ls stilly further
sinking, we have to take Into consideration the whole world's coal
production. According to the figures of tho United States Geological Survey, the world's coal production amounted in 1919 to 1,170,-
600,000 tons; in 1930, 1,350,000,-
000 tons and ln 1921 ta 1.100.000.-
f 000 tons. According to thts there
fore, the coal production shows a
decline of 205 million tons In 1921
as against 1920. Evan compared
with t019 lt shows a fall of 70,
500,000 tons.
Contradictions Becoma More
All Indications point to the fact
that these contradictions are becoming more acute. In England
the number of unemployed miners
Increased at the beginning of 1922.
With regard to Northern France,
the Doutche Bergwerkszetung reports tl at lt is Intended to put the
miners on short time. From the
Saar district now occupied by the
French it Is reportod that the Government Commission Intends to discharge 2800 miners. If thts should
not be carried out the miners in
tho Saar dlstriot will have to accept reductions of wages and short
time. The Belgian mine operators
are also announcing wage reduc
tlons and the Belgian miners stated
at their convention ln Brussels at
the end of March that they are
powerless against the despotic ac
-Uon of the capitalists. The latter
would not hesltate< to close down
their mines as Oerman reparation
and competitive coal enables them
to do thts. ,
The case is the same tn Holland)
The Dutch miners are equally powerless in the face of these condl
tlons. At their general meeting
held on April 10 and 17 at Haarlem, a resolution was adopted laying the blame for the crisis in the
mining Industry on the Versailles
and Spa treaties.
These facts ' show conclusively
and-with striking clearness that a
further decline of coal production
will take place In these countriea
In America also where the miners
have been on strike since April 1,
no further Increase In coal production can be expected.
Greater Exploitation of Miners
In Germany, however, we can
already' report a considerable Increase tn the coal output this year
as well. According to the figures
at present to hand the production
of coat in the flrst quarter of the
present year amounted to 37,059,-
861 tons. Peat coal to 33,379,874
tons, coke 7,182,772 tons and cool
briquettes to 518,654 tons. In spite
of this increase in the flrst quarter,
and ln spite of the fact that the
output per head and per shift by
the miners has already reached the
pre-war standard, the German capitalists are making the greatest efforts to increase the coal production still further. By means of the
sinking purchasing power of the
German mark, they have reduced
wages to about a one-third of the
actual pre-war standard. Now
they are attempting to prolpng thc
working day by overtime or longer
shifts. These conditions provide a
cheaper coal than that of the
neighboring countries. The more
cheaply produced German coal
which Is exported to France, Belgium or Holland by way of reparations or through ordinary trade allows the capitalists of these countries to reduce wages and exploit
the miners still more. Here wt*
clearly see how the Spa agreement
by which Germany was compelled
to deliver coal to the Entente has
only led to the greater exploitation
of the miners. Its annulment would
not, as the Belgian Social Democrat Vandervelde states, be of service to Stlnnes, but to the miners of
the whole world.
International Mining Congress
Nowhere do we see more clearly
than In the mining Industry the
efforts of capitalist society to overcome the crisis by Increasod exploitation of the proletariat. Whethor
the capitalists will succeed in this
depends entirely upon the prolcta
rtat Itself. The miners of nil coun
tries must above all see to It
through thoir organizations tbat
tho International Miners Congress
which will meet at tho beginning
of August tn Frankfurt does not
silently pass over these facts, but
deliberates upon them nnd devises
ways and means of safeguarding
from slavery not only the mining,
but the whole proletariat.
do It But rather uso your position and all tha facilities your
position affords you to help tha
workers In thalr mass flght against
all the explottors of labor.
Affiliation witk Moacow       "
<4) That District No. 20, U. K.
W. of A., at onco apply for men*
bership in tha Bad Internationale
of trades Unions and that a dele-
of industry to run the coal business.
Scott a Vaudeville Actor
(S) As a settlement of this vexed
wage question tht Scott Board ' gate be appointed from this con*
award ts proposed. Scott and his ventlon to represent us at tht next
award are hardly worth a minute's convention of tht Rtd Interna-
consideration by this convention, tionalo of Trades Unions held la
when the manner of his appoint-1 Moscow.
ment, tha attitude of tha minister |    (B) That we proclaim openly ta
who made the   appointment   and the world that we are out for tha
Scott's own prejudiced statement at
the opening session of the Board Jn
Sydney are remembered. Like a
vaudeville actor he was sent among
us with his part tn the show out
out for him; among us he went
through his little stunts, made hts
bow, and like a vaudeville actor
left us. The Scott award ought to
be rejected by this convention.
The Alternative
(6) Keeping In mind the present
state of the coal business, the poverty Into which our people have
been sunk, and tha grudging and
clowhlsh efforts of tht government
to bring relief, two ways are optn
for the mine workers of this province to follow:
(a) Accept the present conditions
with all their humiliation and
poverty, and repudiate the sacred
obligations which every sire owes
to his son; or
(b) Reject and flght with all the
power that Is in us tht present
conditions and make one bold attempt to hand down to our children something better than a
slave's portion.
Poll-ry of the Miners
(7) Believing thtt this convention shall accept tht last of thess
alternatives, your committee proposes the following policy for the
adoption of this convention:
(n) No contract shall be signed
by the officers of this district which
does not carry with tt the wage
rates that prevailed in Decembar,
(b) That this convention now
hold out Its hand to a^y and all
workers of Canada, and declare It
Is prepared to sign an agreement to
cover: (1) An obligation on each
party to the agreement to do their
utmost to create one united front
of all workers in Cnnnda; In the
first Instance this Invitation Is extended to the coal miners of the
(2) Such agreements to cover
the joint action to be taken to secure for the workers of this country a living, such action to be taken
either wtth or without tho consent
of the government.
Appeal to thc Soldiers
(3) Over the heads of government we appeal to all soldiers, and
minor law officers, thnt they join
with us In our attempt to secure
for our class and their class, the
working class of Canada, a living
and free access to all the means of
life In this country. To all soldlera
and minor law ofilcers we nppeal,
when you art ordered to shoot tht
workers, don't do it. When you art
asked to arrest the workers, don't
complete overthrow of tht capitalist system and capitalist atate,
peaceably, if wt may, forcibly, if
wa must, And wa call on all work*
ers, soldiors, and minor law officers In Canada to join us In liberating labor.
London—At a Labor meeting
recently, Lord Haldane aald he regretted that the Labor Party had
not made mora electoral progress
adding: "There are people afraid
of Bolshevism In the Labor Party.
When I see tha British democracy
I sometimes wish I saw a lltta
more  of the  Bolshevism."
Patronise  Fed   Advertisers.
A drastic sacrifice of
Suits, Coats and
Dresses of unusual
charm  and quality.
F_om Mater
To Wmh_
Hydro Therapy
Win nuke 70a wcil sfiln
Dr. W.Lee Holder
74 Fairfield BMg.
Ser. •(•>*      Vaneoaver, B.C.
Mon., W—., Frlclsy. _.-«
Tuts., Thurs., Sat-.-.?....!-.
Kstubllshed tn Vancouver since 1197
Phone Sey. 8534-58 CORDOVA ST. W.—Vanoouver, B.C.
Chicago—Labor groups tn Chicago will participate ln a second
amnesty day Saturday, July 15, to
complete the getting of 1,000,000
signatures for the general defense
committee's petition for general
amnesty for war-opt nlon prisoners. Individuals to serve on the
amnesty delegation to Washington
Include: Katt Crane fiartz, .lane
Add sins, Mrs. Raymond Robins,
Sidney Hillman, Edwin Markham,
Robertson Trowbridge, Francis
Fisher Kane, Prince Hopkins, Do-
remus Scudder, Frederic C. Howe,
B. C. Vladeck, Paul F. Brlssnn-
den, BaBll M, Manly, Rev. R. A.
McGowan, Rev. Richard W. Hogue,
Dr. Wm. J. Robinson, .Inmes 11.
Maurer, Lucy Blddlt Lewis, J, A.
H, Hopkins.
Ottawa—A board of conciliation
and Investigation hns boon established by the minister of Lt-hor to
deal with the dispute between tho
Inverness Railway A Coal Co.
(Nova Scotia) and tbe miners employed by tho company. John R.
Osborne, Ottawa, hns been appointed chairman; M. O. Mitchell,
Halifax, will represent the company; and L, D. Currie, Glace Bay,
tha mtn.
To Buyers of Printing
•T-HE following firms have established the 44-hour w
x are therefore the only printing offices operating un
ditions which aro fair to the undesigned organizations
aek, and
pcratlng undtr con-
Arcade  rrlnUn,  limner   Street  Arcide „ Sey. 4033
B, 0, Printing and Utfao Ud., Rmytho nnd Homer Sti Sty. 8211
MrondTij PrinUr*, H10 Broadw*/  K»»t  y»1r. 208
Cltlten,  The,   1451  Broadway  Wtat _ , _ .'.Bay.   857
Cowan A  BreokhonM.  H'tO Howa  St Ser. 4400-7421
Croiby  Printing Co„  308 Tower Bulldlnc — Ser.   2«1
Krri-lt  St  OrniiUR.  SSI   t'imbie  StrMt  -.-.._-....„...S«r. 8100   .
Brum,   Churl"!.   A..   1(178   Klngawar .....— ~ Vair. 7B0
Kurt*haw,  J.   A,,  (184   Seymour  Street  _  Sor. SB74
MittllAll'Poltfy,   Ud..   12B   Hutinga   St.   W Bay, 9288
N'ortli Shore  1'reia,  Norlh Vanconrer  „        N, V.   80
Paciilc Printers, 600 Tt.wer Building _._... 1..-Mey. 9508
Pennla,   .fnm^s.   J13   Hnstingi   Straat Kaal  Ser* 8120
Progreaalro   Print en,   18   ViclorU   Drive    High. 2270
Kctord Publiihing Co.. «20 Pender St. W Ser- 7808
Rogera Printing  Co.,   ;">«0 Honer  Streot Htj. 0440
Seymour Pregl, 423 ltich»rdn Si    . Sey. 3721
8hllro-lt fins., Typeaetteri,  341 Pendar 8f. W -....Sty.   5B4
Sbltvoek-JnokUH.   Ty|ie(onnd«-ri,   341  Pander St. W -..Sey.   584
Star Printing Co,  812'Pender St.  Wait  Say. 8808
Sun Publishing Co., 137 Pandar SU Wait Bey.    40
Vani'oiivnr Job  Printers,  737 lender  St.  Weat Sey. 2021
Vsneontar Printing Service, 810 Matropolilan Building....Sey. 2102
Ward, Lionel A Co.. btd.. 818 Homer Bt _ Sey.   105
W'.odrntr, E. h. A Hon.  1530 Cttlh Ave. W Ebtr. 180
Wrigiey Printing Co., Ltd., 424 Homor Bt Bey. 8825
Thc miik-rmi'iitloiicd firms un* non-union, instigators or sup*
portors of the ''AMERICAN PK-VN" in the printing trade In
Vancouver, mid consequently opposed to union men and union
Biggi.  Andenon,  Odium,  Ltd. O, A. ltosdde, Ltd.
.1.  W. Boyd Koto,  Cowan *  I.attt
Clark tt A  Stuart A. II. Timma
Kvann  A  Haitingi.  Ltd. Unends Printera
Mui|,liy A (.'liapinan Whito   *   Blndon
Mi-hol-ton,  Ltd Vanco-svcr Btationtra PAGE FOUR
FOURTEENTH —W_i;___\ 20
.:jtti»_ _. «i Xs*X
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no matter what your flgure. If you are a "short stout"
for instance, you will find a coat that will fit you perfectly around collar and shoulders and at the same time
give you the proper lines in the hack, and the proper
length. Perfect fitting is guaranteed by our tailors, who
make whatever alterations are necessary. You may depend upoh your Dick suit—the label and guarantee protect you.
—Your Suit is
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your figure-
$15 to $45
Send measurements
of cheat, waist, leg,
sleeve and height.
All orders sent on
receipt of price.
mYoarmomys worth or your money badk
.-. *
The Champions of the
„ World Proletariat
[By Karl Radek]
••Tbo Congress of the Amsterdam Trado Union „ International
adopted a truly -heroic resolution
at Us last sossion; It pronounced in
favor of a mass Btrike In case of—
a future war. Such heroism Is like
a post-dated cheque—the cheapest
kind of heroism In the world. The
Congress did not, however, mention
the fact that not far from Rome
where they were meeting a bitter
contest was going on over one Im
portant aim of the proletarian clnss
struggle—tho title of society to its
machinery of production. This
proletarian congress did not think
It necessary to appeal to the proletariat to support the Russian Soviet
delegation with all means at lta disposal. It did not do this, although
even without being possessed of
special information it should have
known that In Genoa a merciless
strugglo was being carried on and
that any moment could witness a
rupture of the negotiations. The
conflict in Genoa Is a book with
seven locks to the'European trade-
union bureaucracy -which formed
the Internstional Workers' Congress In Rome. Are not Tchitcherin, Krassln and Litvinoff like themselves, tho Jouhaux, Hendersons,
Lelparts and Graf-fmiiinns? Waa
not Henderson, when His Britannic
Majesty's minister, compelled to
don silk hose and breeches when
attending court? Did not Tchitcherin and Krafts! n attend tho reception given by the King of Italy?
And when the Russian delegates
haggle with world capital over concessions—well they, the Hendersons, Jouhaux and Grassmanns,
have all their lives done nothing
but make concessions to capital.
True, there will bo a bit more noise
ln Genoa In that respect, but, all
things considered, they, thc exponents of trnde union ofTlclntdom really need not worry over Genoa.
Meanwhile Socialism's right to
exist Is at stake In Gonon. Without
mincing words, the Allies uncompromisingly demand In their memorandum that.
"Tho Russian Soviet government assume responsibility for
all material and direct losses
caused by the breaches of contract or ln any other manner
which the subjects of other powers have suffered in consequence
of actions or failures to act on
the part of the Soviet govern-
H. Walton
BpeeUlUt  In   Electrical   Treatment!,
Violet Ray  and  High  Frequency  for
Rhrumatlam,   Sciatica,  Lumbago,  Par*
alyaia,   Hair   and   Scalp   Treatments,
Chronic Ajlmenti.
Phono Stymour 2041
iw_____*____»"tttsrt watt-
f mont, its provincial and local authorities, or Its agents."
The memorandum goes on to
demand that:.
"The subjects of foreign powers have the right to claim the
return of their property or ack-
nowledgemtnt of their rights and
Interests.    ■ If   such    property,
rights or Interest still exist or
can be ascertained, they afe to
be   returned   ami   compensation
granted for their exploitation or
damage.  If such property, rights
or interests do no longer exist or
cannot  be  acknowledged,  or  If
their former owners do not desire their return, the Soviet government must compensate such
parlies   either   by   giving   them
similar property, rights or interests, or by compensation."
The tenor of these demands te
thit  declaration   of  Allied  capital
that capitalism wan, is and will be.
Private property Is sacred, and woe
to you, proletarians, If you dare to
follow in the footsteps of the Russian revolution!    Wo hold you responsible for all the damages you
Inflict  upon  capitalism.    And  we
shall make you suffer for such damages to the tenth generation,    Not
only will you have to return all sacred property, but If' you were to
die oi* hunger, and If your children
h; d neither bread nor milk, neither
clot hin;; nor shelter—you will iot
be allowed to provide for them, but
will be forced to make good the injuries you have done to thc bourgeoisie!
World capital, which arose from
thc  policy  of  the  exploitation  of
half   the   world,   beginning   with
Venice's piratical expeditions in the
12th century, with her slave plantations, through the colonial spoils
of thc Dutch and the English and
the ransacking of thc churches and
monasteries to tli2 modern form'of
exploration of whole  nations   hy
trusls, now stand-- up and declares:
The rights  1  have acquired
with blood and Iron—tit. right's
and   the   properly   bull,   upon
mountains of human bones and
cemented with V.nod ami tears,
shall not be touched henceforth,.
neither by the sword nor by flre,
neither by thc wish of tho tolling
maa-.es nor by any other means
And If the  ocean should rise
from its bed, and tf nature itself
should offend against our rights,
we shall punish lt as Xerxes did;
we shall whip the waves of the
sea,     And  Soviet  Russia,  lf lt
docs not dosire to perish of hunger,   must  reinstate  sacred  private property on Its throne and
worship It.
The memorandum of the Soviet
delegation  In  reply to the  Allies'
memorandum draws a truly heartrending picture of what will happen if Russia should acknowledge
the Allied debts and lf Ub counter-
demands were not recognized and
It should within a short time start
paying off the Allied debts.
Even If the war debts of tho
Czarist and thc Kerensky governments were anulled, Russia's debts
together with tht accumulated Interest (the payment of which the
Allies' memorandum demands on
November 1st, 1927) would amount
to 13 milliard gold roubles. On
that day Russia would have to pay
1,200,000,000 gold roubles partly as
Interest and partly as amortization
of 1-25. of the total debt. For the
inpt five vearw hflfnra the war th'e
Czarist government paid for the
same purpose approximately 40,-
000,000 roubles annually. In order
to comply with that demand, Soviet
Russia would have to attain till
1927 not only the pre-war level of
production, but treble that production. Before the war the national
annual Income of Russia was estimated at 101 roubles per capita;
now, after the devastation of the
war, it la only 30 roubles per capita.
It follows that lf It desires to start
paying off its debts In 1927, Russia
would have to increase Its production ninefold. Nor are war debts
and compensation for the revolutions damages included In this estimate! When proclaiming the
rights of sacred bourgeois private
property, world capital is also proclaiming its title to the slave labor
of 150 million people. Thus It becomes quite apparent that Soviet
Russia's struggle against the Allied demands, against the burden
of debts with which the Allies intend to saddle lt, against the attempts at depriving the proletariat
of what it gained by stubborn
struggle—common property—is not
a flght for theories, but for the very
existence of the Russian people.
Tho Social Democrats of all
shades, together with their spiritual brothren, the Centrists, persist
in repeating: "What do we care
for Genoa, for the Soviet delegation
and Its struggle; there are merely
Russian state Interests at stake,
which Is to say the Interests of
European labor are not ih danger.
The Interests of the Russian State
coincide with those of the Russian
working poople, and those Interests
demand war on the sacred Institution of capitalist private property.
And the fact that they nre the interests of the Russinn working
masses (both of the peasants and
of the workers) provides a bedrock
basis for the Socialist character of
Soviet Russia's policy, not because
the Soviet government wants to adhere to its old slogans and principles, but because It must do so.
This Is the ultimate cause of, and
the best foundation for, Us Socialist
policy which is directed ngainst tho
domination of world capital, a policy which ls far above the compromises and the combination of the
day as the stars In the sky.
Marx once called the English
workers the champions of the international labor class. And they
were that; not because their outlook was more International than
that of other proletarians, but because their situation compelltd
them to flght capital In order to
attain the first fundamental rights
of tabor, the right of organization
nnd the protection of labor and as
the first phala .x which was forced
by the logic of events to enter upon
the struggle destined to last a century.
The Russian Soviet government,
the Russian Red army, the Russian
working masses were compelled by
history to flght capital which implies private property; they took up
arms for these general alms of International labor, while bitter hunger wns gnawing at their stomachs.
Now they are fighting for the samo
alms with diplomatic methods, and
tf the negotiations In Genoa prove
futile, they will, perhaps, onc©
more be obliged to defend themselves against fresh attacks. And
because tho Russian Soviet Republic has been placod in a position where It must struggle for the
genernl alms of International labor,
agalnBt privato capital and Us alleged right to enslave and starve
whole peoples, Its struggle, no matter what Its forms, becomes a fight
for tho International interests of
labor. Tho Soviet government and
tho weakened, hungry and bleeding
working class Soviet Russia's are
the   paladins  of  the  fnternntlonol
Australian Miner* Are to]
..'.'. Have Wages
[By W. Francis Ahorn]
(Federated   Press   Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. Wales.—A nationwide strike in the coal mining industry will take place In Australia
In thc near future if demands by
the coal operators are persisted In.
The demands Include:   _,
1. That, wages paid' to miners,
machine coal men, shooters, wheelers, fillers,. off-hand .and .above-
ground workers, Including. boys
and youths,  be reduced one-third.
\ That the working day be two
shifts of eight hours, t,he miners
to change shifts at the-, working
face, and that where more than
two shifts are worked the same
practice shall be continued.
3. That If required all. employees work six days each week, instead of five.
4. That the hours of employment of underground employees
shall be calculated as from the
time the last man descends until
the flrst man ascends ■ In each
6. That the practice of. giving
free coal, or coal at less than current selling rate to employees be-
discontinued. ,'.;
To understand what Is Involved
in those demands, It is only necessary to say that at the present
time only one shift Is worked, that
the eight-hour shift Is reckoned
from the tlmu of entering tho cage
In the morning to leaving the top
at the end of the day, and that
free coal is.supplied to employees.
The operators say they intend to*
force their demands. A general
strike in August Is hinted at.
The coal operators are sold to
desire a strike in the hope that
they will be able to drive the workers back whipped.
The miners' executive has rejected the demands made by tbe
conl operators, and has put forward counter demands.
■" Emporia Gazette is not. a Socialist or communist. He is a. fat
capitalist, but this is what he-says:
It Is true that to precipitate <a.
railroad striko at this time Ir bod
business. It also is true that ta
join with thc coal strikers-and ti*
up American industry is hot; par*
ticularly patriotic. And doubtless
public opinion will be fairly well
lined up against the railroad boys
tf they go. out, and they probably
will go out this time. But this big
important fact In the situation
should not be forgotten:
"The boys have a kick coming.
"When they went to work for the
railroad labor board two years ago
they went to work with the explicit agreement that a living wage
should ■ be established upon which
adjustments of all disputes should
I begin. The living wage was to be
'guaranteed to the men at the 'bottom of the Industry, and for skill,
risk and length of apprenticeship
higher than living wages were to
be paid.
"Now the railroad board declares that the living wage cannot
be paid until profits and rehabilitation have been secured. That Is to
say railroad labor is only a commodity like other labor. It Is to he
paid without respect to the fact
that it is necessary to the life of
the nation, and tho special guarantee of a living wage is to be
"That guarantee was a contract.
"Perhaps it was an unwise contract for the labor board to make.
But It was a contract and the men
accepted it rather than strike when
they accepted it, so America got
value received, which was peace
for two years. So now that tbe
contract Is to be incontinently
junked, the boys have a kick coming.
"Therefore, If they go out, and
trouble occurs down In the railroad yards and freight cars are
tipped over and burned and the
troops are called out and we have
nasty little civil war called a
strike, don't blame the boys and
declare that they aro led by reds
and that thoy should be stood up
against'a wall and shot. They have
their side. And when we talk so
glibly about burying the hatchet
in industry, don't forget that here
Is a case where we have buried thc
hatchet in the neck of labor."'
Democracy and Freedom
[By W. Stokes,-Reglna]
INSCRIBED on the pages of the
f" book of social history is the
complete denial of the claim put
forward by the spiritualists of
Democracy that the era of politi
cat freedom for this or any other
country has arrived, and that all
men may now, through that freedom given by the ballot and its
concommitant institutions determine their .own individual and
economic significance by their own
Individual use of the political and
constitutional rights given to them.
Tbis claim to a practical political commonwealth Is of so specious a character, backed up by
moral'obligation upon all men to
use them, aiid with the appearance of destiny just and Immaculate for all when so used, that an
examination of tho historic reality
of such a claim would seem necessary and even Imperative, if we
would flnd a way out of the social dilemmas, physical hells and
ghastly and ghostly graveyards
surrounding us and Invading us as
we float In misery on this sacred
isle bf political democracy, seemingly coming from nowhere, going
to nowhere. An even cursory
glance at the movement of historic reality as shown In tho book
of history makes plain the fact
that social forms arose out of the
effort to preserve and maintain
economic power In whatever this
verges at lies, and that society is a
form of things whose full meaning
and maintenance Is expressed In the
function of preserving for Individual expression, economic power
with all its developments and appurtenances. In the process of this
f preservation Is plainly visible the
fact that preservation and maintenance is essentially a part of
production, and that in the evolution of society, the methods of
producing things having economic
power became entirely Involved
with things having economic
power as the methods and means
also would have to be protected
and preserved especially after the
entry of specialization or division
of labor even ln its earliest forms.
In one word, economic power became a social production consequent on the fact that economic
power was impossible of attainment only under the reactions of a
suitable environment which was
economic; that is, social in- which
the conditions and .facts of pro
duetion could  be maintained.
It may be well Bald then that
the sum total of the content and
being of society Is summed up In
this extended application of the
meaning of production as revealed in history.
Another fact rising Into prominent significance In the processes
of social formations, ls the ac-
cleration of production, a further
evidence of the fact that economic
power is of social formation, and
that the wholo of the social institution ls Involved, the alterations of production being in ratio
to the social institutions and appliances, and the things produced',
being of the nature and character
mental and physical, calculated to
best preserve the particular system of social production ln operation, the things and powers produced naturally expressing the
character and possibilities of the
producing agency.
More "Secret History"
OUTHWAITE, ex-M.  P. forfa   speculative   commercial   agree-
Hanley, speaking along with
Robert Smillie, at a Labor demonstration at Han ley, ls reported by
the Staffordshire Sentinel of May
29, 1922, as saying:
'The war was said to have boen
waged for freedom, for the rights
of small nationalities and for high
idealistic aims. Just by chance, of
course, the possession of Mesopotamia camo' into our hands.
(Laughter.) A very costly possession it was to the peoplo of this
country. A hundred millions or
more had been spent, leaving no
money for the provision of houses
for our heroes. _^^_^^__
arranged that the mandate for
Mesopotamia Bhould be given to
Great Britain, Frnnce put in
claim to a share of the oil. A deal
had to be made with France and
lt was announced that France—
French capitalists, not tho French
people, who never got a shnre of
the plunder—was to get 25 per
cent, of the otl produced,
In connection with this demand
and this settlement, a French
minister, M. Tardleu, explained tn
a great French-journal why it was
that France was to get the 25 per
cent. He stated definitely, with
the documents before him, that
on.26th of June, 1914—five weeks
before we declared war on Germany—a great syndicate was
formed at the foreign ofllce in
London. It was a British-German
syndicate, formed on a concession forced by the British government, which handed over all the
oil yet found, and yet to be found
In Mesopotamia to a syndicate In
which the British government de-,
manded that 75 per cont. of the
sharo should be held by British
capitalists and 25 per cent by
German capitalists. Now did they
remember the lie that one of the
origins of the war was the German
march to the east, and that Germany was approaching India? A
few weeks before the declaration
of war England was entering Into
ment with Germany, bringing her
Into the Near East. Was not that
a lie on which to send the youth
of thts country to their graves?
"One night, ln the National
Liberal Club, a message came over
the tape giving the terms of a
treaty of Bagdad, taken to America by an American who went to
Berlin in June, 1914. The treaty
had been initiated by Sir 13d ward
Grey, and only needed his signature to mako it an alliance between Germany and Great Britain. That alliance would have
meant the end of the historic am-
After It had ljeen I hitlon of Russia to secure Constantinople. Russia decided that']
the extension of German Influenco)
In Constantinople must bo met nt
once, and they decided, and specifically stated, that Russia must at
once seize Constantinople,' and
the only way to do that wasxto
provoke a European war, which
would bring Britain on to the side
of Russia and against Germany.
The war was an Industrial and a
commercial, and not a political
war. (Applause.) And the other
day, Mr. Lloyd George, at Genoa,
was trying to bluff the agents of
the government of Russia by telling them that they must remember that Russia was the cause of
the war. What a number of lies
was there exposed!"
Don't Miss This
^avy Serge
Good heavy weight serge, in a smart, well
fitting conservative style—guaranteed to wear
well and to look well,
C. D. Bruce
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
Labor League Notes
The regular monthly business
moeting of the South Vancouver
Labor League was held last Friday night. There will be no other
meeting of the organization until
August 12, when another business
meeting will be hold.
Several members are going to
camp at White Rock the last
week of this month.- Any other
person wishing to go should get
In touch with the secretary immediately at Sey. 6672R.
The S. V. L, L. hope to arrange
series of propaganda meetings
ln the municipality during the
forthcoming fall and winter. Any
other organization desirous of
helping' to start somothing lh
South Vancouver along educational
and propaganda lines. shOulil j
phone Fraser 307 Yl, or Fraser
(By  the Federated  Press)
Adelaide,   South  Australia—An-J
nle Besant,  head  of the Theosophical Society In India, has arrived  ln  Australia on a  lecturing
tour.    Speaking to  a Federated
Press correspondent she said tho
Indian people.were determined to
get home rule, and the time for
compromise had passed. The mas-,
sacre by soldiers at Armltsar and
ln the Punjab, she said, had done
much harm, but even worse than
those  was the  manner  in  which
martial law had been administer-*
ed.   Sho does not expect a general 2
outbreak tn India, but risings lnj
various localities.   She anticipated fj
that an agitation along constitu-]
tional lines would replace the pre- j
sent revolutionary tactics.
The' greatest assistance that tho I
readers of The Federatlonist can]
render us at this Ume, Ib by securing si' new subscriber. Ily doing so, J
you spread the news of the work-'
InR class movemont and assist tu J
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting: Printing: of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last Af teen years. W'e guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan & Brookhouse
Phones:   Say. 7421 and Sey. 4490
Every reader of Tlio Federatlonist can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscript
tlons as soon as they aro duo, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It dow not tako tftuclt
effort to do this,   Try lt.
Seattle—Friends of Soviet Russia raised 9600 towards buying a
tractor for the reconstruction of
Russia at a midsummer (bazaar
and carnival held here recently)
Russian, Lithuanian and Ukrainians, in native dress, established
picturesque booths of thetr homo
lands and served folk dinners.   i
proletariat. They advanced with
weapons In their hands ln .1919,
borne by the rising wave of tho
revolution; they have now, after a
retreat which was dictated by the
temporary quiescence of tho revolutionary movement ln Europe, occupied positions which they will
defend with their lives, but which
they will never abandon.
Anybody hesitating to come to
the assistance of this vanguard of
the international proletaralt which
is fighting for the Interests of International labor—not with diplomatic resolutions and phrase, but
by exerting his whole energy and
with a holy enthusiasm—betrays
the working class, no matter what
his name and no mattor what the
arguments he advances in favor of
his attitude. History will Judge
htm and lt will not ask for the reasons of his betrayal, but will find
him guilty of betrayal, because he
deserted tho Russian working class,
the vanguard of the revolution, ln
it- darkest hour.
Food for Thought
INSURRECTION is an art just as
*■-is .var or an other form of art.
It ts subject to certain rules, the
non-observance of whtch leads to
tho ruin of the party whtcb Is to
blame for neglecting them.
FIRSTLY, nevor play wtth Insurrection lt there ls no determination to drive tt to the bitter end,
to face all the consequences thereof. An Insurrection Is an equation
with very Indefinite magnitudes,
the value of which may change
evory day, Tho forces to be opposed havo al] the Advantages of
organization, discipline and traditional authority. If the rebels cannot bring great forces to bear
against their antagonists THEY
SECONDLY, the insurrection
once started It Is necessary to act
with the utmost determination and
pass over to the offensive, THE
EVERY ARMED RISING; It perishes before lt has measured forces
with the enemy. The antagonists
must be surprised while their soldiers are still scattered, and NEW
moral ascendancy of the rising
must be kept up. One must rally
to the Bid. of the Insurrection the
vacillating elements, which always
which always look for THE SAFER
Force your enemies to retreat
before they can collect their forceB
against you. In one word, act according to the words of Danton,
the greatest master of revolutionary policy yet known—"AUDACITY, AUDACITY, AND ALWAYS
Volution - and Counter-revolution,"
Tokio—Two hundred tenant
farmer, ln Shlkata-mura have deolded to return their holdings to
tho owners, following the owners'
refusal to sanction a 20 per cent,
reduction ln rents. The men recently joined the new National
Tenants Farmers' Association,
which ha. encouraged them' ln
their stand,
I : i-(
Ottawa ,— Amendments to the
naturalisation act ot 1914 place
former alien enemies on th. basis
with respect to naturalisation qualifications aB other aliens.
Blood and Iron
The dogged resistance of thc Russian
workers of faetory and farm, together with
the pressing need of the world for peace
and reconstruction, has forced the diplomats and the powers they represent to
abandon their policy of "Blood and Iron"
toward Soviet Russia.
Further than that, some of the hostile governments have been shamed into appropriating funds for the relief of the many millions
of famine sufferers in Russia. This chango
toward benevolence, strongly tinged though
it be with tardiness and mistrust, is a welcome change; but after all their heart is not
in the work and they are anxious to abandon it at the first pretext.
What else could bo the meaning of current reports that, "the back of the famine
having been broken," it will not be necessary to expend all of the money appropriated for relief! A moment's consideration of actual conditions in the vast famine
areas will reveal the cruelty of discontinuing relief efforts now.
Millions upon millions of Uussia's peasant
people, though rescued from starvation by
a meagre daily dole, are still broken in
health by the long ordeal and sadly shaken
in spirit. The fearful ravages of civil war
atill mar great stretches of their lands and
tht blockade has denied them farming implements, whilo the little they had has
largely turned to scrap iron.   In the rest
of the country the farmers are living from
hand to mouth and the city population is on
the verge of complete exhaustion, weakened
by the prolonged diet of inferior black
bread and cabbage soup.
Who that has vision and heart would
leave them now unaided in their misery to
faee such a desperate situation?
What then shall be done! Shall we continue to feed these millions indefinitely)
No, by no means! But if we are truly
humane, we will continue to assist them until they are strong enough to face the struggle of life with fair chance of victory. And
if we have vision, we will realize that they
cannot succeed without the modern farming implements that would enable them to
extract from the soil a thousand loaves
where they now get but one.
"Bread and Iron" is tho policy that must
replace "Blood and Iron." Bread we must
continue to give until strength is restored,
but we must also give "Iron"—plows,
seeders, tractors, reapers, threshers—in
order that that strength may be productive
and thc danger of a famine recurrence may
be banished. The policy of "Bread and
Iron" must be instituted immediately. Government red tape cannot be expected to do
it and will not. The people must act themselves.
Friend, we call upon you to do your
Authorised by the All-Russian Famine Relief Committee, Moscow, and th. Workera Inter-
national   Russian   t'amin.   Relief   Committee, Berlin (Friends of Soviet Russia, affiliated)
Conducted In America under Che direction of the FRIENDS OF SOVIET RUSSIA (National OBce)
101 WEST 13th STREET ____■_! NBW ¥0RK °ITY
Do Yon
Vote for
"Bread and
Then Sign
the Soil OaU
I believe ln the policy ol "Dread and Iron" toward   Soviet   Russia.
Here  Is  my contribution ot   to help buy food and
farming Implements for the famine-stricken peuant. ot Russia.  Put my
■ome on tbe Ron Call.
Name Street ,.._»
Olty ...Province      	


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