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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 20, 1918

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Array THE  BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
MDUBTBUL UNITY: STRENGTH   g» omcIAL pApEB! VANC0DVEB TEAD^ AND LABOB COUN *IL, AND B. 0. FEDE,a™n 0^^ "*I'X1   X   A V/11   XkJ   X
TENTH YEAR.   No. 51
AND B, 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
EIGHT PAGES
COUGHLAN STRIKE|$13.50 PER WEEK ISi
FROM I MEN'S
All Possible Means Were
Taken to Avoid a
Strike
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 20.  1918
POLITICAL UNITY,  YICTOBT
A JOB FOR LABOR
All Trades United in Dete
mination to Have Anderson Reinstated      .J
On Thursday morning, Doe. 12, H.
Anderson, blacksmiths' helper, wbo was
engaged by the firm of J. Coughlan &
Sons, as steam-hammer operator, was
discharged. The reason given was stated on hfs discharge, namely ,neglect of
duty. His follow workers in the blacksmith shop immediately quit, and wanted an investigation, as in their estimation he had always been an attentive
and efficient workman.
The shop committee, taking tho matter up with thc foreman, were informed
on two occasions that this was not a
matter between the Blacksmiths organisation and the Coughlan officials. The
Blacksmiths immediately got in touch
with their business agent, who, with the
shop committee, interviewed Mr. John
Lockhart, general manager, who informed them thnt so far as tho firm was
eonccrned, the matter was closed, and
that they could not reinstato Andorson.
The Blacksmiths thereupon applied'
to tho Metal TradeB Council, with the
request thnt they handle this grievance.
The Metnl Trades Council immediately
informed the Blacksmiths that they
must roturn to work pending an investigation. This wns on Thursday afternoon.
The Metal Trados Council, at once
getting in touch by phono with Mr.
Lockhnrt, requested him to grant an
interview, ut the same time informing
him tlmt they had ordered tho Blacksmiths to return to work. This interview was arranged for 10:30 o'clock
tho next morning. Tho rcBult of this
interview was that as tho Blacksmiths
were not yet working, and as the terms
of tho agreement provided that thoro
should be no striko or lockout during
the airing of a grievance, the firm refused to discuss the matter further.
Tho Blacksmiths returned to work
Monday, and in compliance with tho
agreement, thc Metal Trades Council
asked for a hearing on this matter.
After boing refused once, they wcro
successful on a second attempt, and tho
mooting arranged for. Tho Blacksmiths
roturned to work as requested by tho
Metal Trades Council, pending a further hearing in tho matter. Tho executive of tho council immediately tried to
arrange a meeting with the firm*, but
woro unsuccessful on the first occasion.
But after a few hours' consideration by
tho firm, wcro granted a hearing at
10:30 Tuesday morning.
The executive of the Motal Trades,
on arrival at the firm's offices at tho
yard, was approached by a committoe
of the returned soliders 'organization,
requesting that thoy bo given a seat at
tho meoting. Thc executive assurod
them that they wore willing to allow
them both seat and voice at tho meeting, but tho firm Btrongly objected. But
after pressure being brought to bear
on tho mnnngement, Mr. Lockhart
agreed to allow them a seat without
voice.
Then followed tho question as to
whether or not a stenogrnpher would
be permittod lo tnko notes on behalf of
tho Metnl Trados Council. It was decided thnt ns tho firm objected, nnd
would not proceed with thc investigation, it was decided to dispense with
them.
Mr. Robertson, superintendent, 'then
statod that the renson for the dismissal
of Anderson was inattention to work,
Organiaztion Counts in Securing Benefits of Labor
Legislation
|ittings of Committee Were
Held in Victoria on
Wednesday
at organization is   beneficial   in
ways than that of securing con*
s   from    the   employors,    was
at Victoria on Wednesday, when
the Laundry Workers, by their organized effort, were able to secure a minimum wago for the womon workers of
$13.50 per woek.    In tho first   placo
the establishment of tho minimum wago
legislation was secured br organization,
and after the legislation was enacted,
tho workers, by their organized efforts,
wero ablo to get the best possible results from that legislation,
Tho hearing of arguments pro and
con, with respect to tho wages paid to {
women workors in tho laundry Indus-
try, was held in Vietoria on Wednes-1
day. Tho committeo waB composed as
follows: Representing the publie at
largo, Rev. R. Cornell, Miss H. Stow-
art of Victoria, and Mrs. Paulino Saunders of Vancouver. Tho employers
were represented by H. Barratt of tho
Cascado Laundry and Mr. Granvillo of
the Granvillo Dyo Works, of Vancouver, and Mr. Graham of tho Victoria
Steam Laundry; whilo thc employees
wero represented by Mrs. A, Thcxton
of Vancouver, Mrs. Laxton of Victoria,
and Mrs. Dcerham of tho Star Laundry
of this city.
A largo number of questionnries had
been sent out among laundry, cleaning and dyeing industries, asking what
minimum wago was considered adequate to Bupply tho necessnry cost of
living to maintain a prudent, self-supporting female over eighteen years of
age in reasonable comfort.
Piece Work Bates
As it was suggested that the conferonco in its recommendations should define the minimum wage at so much an
hour and not less than so much per
week, the question was also asked,
"What provision, if any, Bhould be
mado for pieco work ratof"
The entire morning wob taken up in
hearing evidence on these points. It is
understood that the average cost of
living in Victoria is about the same as
in Vancouver.
It costs about $14.85 a week, according to tho returns made by the girls
employed in tho laundries of British
Columbia, and there is no means as yet
of estimating tho relativo cost in the
two cities named.
A letter from the secretary of tho
local T.W.C.A. stated that room and
board rates wero from $30 to $35
month there.
Miss Gutteridge, representing the
Trades and Labor Council, tho Minimum Wage League, and tho Laundry
Workers' Union of Vancouvor, took exception to this quotation and claimed
that the Y.W.C.A. accommodation was
no criterion as to the neods of working girls.
M'ss Gutterfdge's Argument
It would be unfair, she said, to assumo that prices of food and clothing
would be going down after tho war and
to base tho  rate on that assumption.
On tho contrary, the prico ef everything was going up, and she asked tho
board  to  establish  a  minimum  wago
that would permit of womon living in
comfort.
Ono of thc evils of the present net
TWO WARD MEETINGS
CONVENED THIS WEEK
So Far Only One Nomination by the
Federated Labor Party for
Olty Council
Ward threo members met on Monday
evening, and ward soven members on
Wednesday ovening last, at headquarters in the Dominion building.
For ward three, W. R. Trotter was
chosen ns candidate, and on Tuesday at
the executive moeting, received tho endorsation of the central committeo.
Although tho ward soven moeting
was marked by prolonged, and at some
points rather heated discussion, it was
unanimously decided by the members
to refrain from nominating a Labor
candidate in that ward. Tho central
committee lator endorsed this attntude.
Mr. Robertson's strong point toin*7tat I ™ *<ft">i ^esaid, in the fnct that
on one specific occasion, while Anderson was returning with oil for his hammer, he put off some time talking to
ono of his shop-mates.
Mr. Christie, foreman blacksmith,
Btated that on several occasions,* Anderson had been nwny from his hammer
during the pnst two weeks. On being
questioned as to whether or not Anderson hnd been informed thnt he wns to
rocoive an increase in wnges, Mr. Chris-
tio nnd Mr. Robertson were both very
indefinite on this point. First of all,
they stated that this wns so, nnd then
bringing it down to n statement that
they had promised him to see about it.
Mr. Rouse, business agent for the
Blacksmiths, stnted thnt he was prepared to swear that ho had seen tho
list of those schedlcd for recommendation by the foreman and superintendent
for an increnso in wages. This list, according to Mr. Robertson's statement,
was on Mr. Coughlan's desk. Tho council asked for this to be produced, as it
would bo conclusivo evidence as to
whether or not Mr. Christie's statement
. in regard to Anderson's negligence was j
j true.
Thc firm failed to produce this.   At
! this juncture, one of the men reprosent-
1 ing tho soldiers organizations, asked to
' bo allowed to mako a statement.   This
was granted.  He reviewed the proceed
ings briefly, and at the same time pointing out thnt Anderson was to all ap-
I pearances discharged for the happen-
■*' ings of one day, and not negligent extending over two weeks, as had been
' statod.
He asked the firm to look over this
.small offenco, in vu.w of Anderson's
I' service rendered to his country in time
, of need. This the firm absolutely refused to do, whereupon the meeting ad-
I journed.
The Metal Trades Council met at tho
Labor Tomplo, and after two anda half
hours' earnest consideration, they de-
elded to notify tho firm that unloss this
men wae reinstated, it would bo necessary to call a strike.
The firm had three separate opportunities to comply before tho strike
was actually called, but refused each
time to do so.
The following is a statoment by the
Vancouver Metal Trades Council executive ro the assertion of tho   firm   of
(Continued on page T)
advertisements in the newspapers and
omployors seeking help of all sorts
made it a point that the age of thc
candidate need not exceed eighteen
years of age, which is thc lowest ago
coming under the minimum arrangement.
"Unless thc act should bo amended," she snid, "wo will have nothing
but girls under eighteen employed."
Employees' Testimony
Mrs. Creelman, ono of the employees,
stated thnt her annual expenses
amounted lo $1,039.68, or $20 a week.
Mrs. Gardner, another employee, for
herself alone, leaving out cont of children's maintenance, required $19.80 tt
week.   In this estimate her meals cost
Teamsters and Chauffeurs
At tho regular meeting on Wednesday night the Teamsters and Chauffeurs
elected the following officers:
President, W. M. Brown; vico-prcsi-
dent, L. G. Bayliss; secretary-treasurer, Bert Showier; recording secretary,
M. H. Philp; trustees, A. A. McKay,
Ed. Chalmers, L, Long; business agent,
F.. Haslett; conductors, C. Alexander
and E. Chalmers; wardens, W. Watson
and W. Phillips.
Delegates to Trades and Labor Council, Bert Showier, J. F. Pools, G. Grant,
J. Hartley, H. Mills, F. HaBlett, W.
Bryce.
Delegates to Teamsters' Joint Counoil and Federated Transport Workors
wore left over till next meeting owing
to lateness of the hour;
W. A. PRITCHARD
Shipwrights
At the last meeting of tho Shipwrights' Union, it was decided to forward $200 to the striking Laundry
Workers. Tho members of this organization has assessed themselves twenty-
five cents per week in order that continued support may bo given to the
strikers.
AT REX SUNDAY
Woodsworth Continues at
the Broadway
Theatre
It is to be noticed that tho audience
at tho Labor Party meetings is now
gathering at 7.30 to listen to the organ
recital which precedes both meetings.
Messrs. Haywood and Watson will play
alternately at the Broadway and Rex
theatres. Charles Lestor will speak on
Sunday evening and J. 8. Woods-
worth's subject at the Broadway will
bo "A People's Peace." Mr. Bert
Showier will act as chairman at the
Rex and Mr. MacDonneil'at the Broadway.
The achool will meet as usual at 2.30
at Granville Hall on Sunday afternoon.
School committee is preparing for the
children's social, which is to bc held
on Friday, 27th, at tho same place.
Electrical Workers
At the last meeting of the Electrical Workors last Monday   night   six
new membors were initiated and much
business was transacted.
$1 a day and she allows for onc puir
of boots in six months.
"Tho naturo of the work engaged in
makes more wear and tear on clothing," said Mrs. Gardner, "than in tbo
case of store girls." Thero wns no
chnnce to provide for one's old nge
out of the wnges earned in n laundry,
she said. She earns from $12 to $10 a
weok.
Insurance and Sick Benefits
"The question of insurance and sick
benefits is u very important one, and
laundry employees should earn sufficient to keep these payments up," said
Miss Hartney, nnother employee
She figured $29.00 a year for magazines and olher reading matter was not
too much to allow. It cost her $0.25 a
week for room und board alono.
Rev. R, Council wanted to know what
benefits she got, ns old ngo benefit from
her insurance. Sho replied that at maturity sho would receive from one lodgo
alone the sum of seven dollars a week.
From two lodges she would rocoivo
twelve dollars a week, and her annual
premium totalled $27.
Miss Cruickshanks, representing laundry girls in Vancouver, stated that she
was instructed to ask for nothing Icbs
than $14 a weok,
Not Based on Testimony
Mr. Woodward, business agent for
thc Retail Clerks, considered tho $12.75
set as a minimum in Vancouver was
certainly not based on the evidence adduced beforo thc board.
He took this position as an indication that an injustice might bc inflicted upon the Retail Clerks, and to this
course ho statod there would be emphatic objection.
On concluding the hearing of evidence, the conferonco will take the
matter under consideration in private
session in order to reach a decision.
After the evidence had been submitted, the committee went into privato session, and it was finally recommended to thc Minimum Wage Board
that the sum of $13.50 per week bo thc
minimum. The Minimum Wage Board
consists of Mr. J. D. McNiven, chairman, Mrs. McGill, and Mr. Mathews of
Vancouver. The wage set is not to be
lower than 28 1-8 cents per hour, nor
less than $13.50 per week for all females over 18 years of age working in j
laundries in tbe province.
Propaganda Meetings of the
Socialist Party  Are
Well Attended
That the workors cf Vancouver are
desirous of learning liorc about scientific Socialism is evidenced by tho
crowds which greet the speakers of tho
party each succeeding. Sunday. If you
are interested in Socialism you can hear
it explained by men 1-rho have made a
study of the subject for years. That
capitalism is doomed, that the workers
will bo forced at no very distant date
to tako action, no ono who has studied I
the proposition doubts. To hasten the
coming of tho co-operative commonwealth is the duty of overy worker.
The knowledge necessary to enable tho
working class to act intelligently in tho
crisis which is inevitable must be,
gathered by the working class themselves.   Wake upl
The doors are opened at 7:30 p. m.
and tho mooting called to order at 8
o'clock sharp. Following the usual custom, at tho conclusion of tho speaker's
address questions aro in ordor. Thc
platform is open to anyono who wishes
to take it cither for or against the
spenker. Come early and mako sure of
securing a sont.
Machinist Ladles* Auxiliary.
At tho regular meeting of this lodge
on December 19th two now memberB
were initiated aud quito a busy meeting was held.
The lodgo has decided to have a
Christmas tree party for tho children
nf the Auxiliary members on Saturday,
December 28th, from" 4 p. m. till 9
o'clock. Great, preparations have already been started to make this a red
letter day for the youngsters.
The  entertainment will  be held
T. A. BARNARD IS
ELEOTED PRESIDENT
Great War Veterans Chose Well-known
Labor Man for High
Office
Privato F. A. Barnard, a well-known
labor man, has been oleetod president
of tho Now Westminster branch of tho
Great War Veterans' Association, replacing "Major" F. D. Trapp. It
will be remembered Barnard caused
quito a stir in political circles last
spring by publicly opposing Walter
Drinnan, president of the Vancouver
branch of the G.W.V.A., on the grounds
that Drinnan was chosen by Bowsor,
therefore was to all intents and purposes a Tory candidate. This action
caused Barnard to resign as president
of the G.W.V.A., and Major Trapp was
choson to replace him. Barnard's election is taken by his friends as a vindication of his previous actions, the veterans still having confidence in the old
war-horse, and it is also significant at
this time when peoplo are talking reconstruction, as ho is well known to
"Intervention   in   Russia"
Was Last Sunday's
Subject
Federated Labor Party May
Need a Third Theatre
Soon
With the auditorium packed before 8
o'clock, it was ovident that the subject
was one which was very much in the
public mind at present. Referring at
the outset to the ultimatum of the Bri'
tish Labor Party—" Ban-as off Democracy! Hands off Russial" the speaker,
Mr. W. R. Trotter, stated that the British party which today represented the
working class interests at the heart of
the Empire, had started a cry whieh
would keop on reverberating around
the world until all tbat it meant had
been accomplished, and even then would
still be heard. The hand which was
outstretched today in Britain waa so
very near to the sceptre that all the
pirates of the past and the present
were shivering at the possibilities of
the immediate future,
Tho workerB the world over were of
thc samo mind in regard to the attempted violation of Russia's new-found
frocdom by the armies of powers which
had declared all through tbo past four
years that they wero "fighting for democracy." Tho immediate future
would reveal tho sordid hollowncs-s of
such pretensions unless there wore an
immediate withdrawal of all tho invading forces and Russia were allowed
that self-determination which had been
so much "mouthed" and so recently.
Quoting from happenings in Russia,
which did not find thoir way into tho
subsidized press, the speaker dealt with
the constitution and aims of tho real
Russian government, in contrast to the
spurious creations of vested interests,
and capitalistic exploiters, which had
beon termed "governments," and
which had sprung up, all over the Bussian domain whore there was.sufficient
outside force to overawe the real Russian peoplo for tho time being. Even
theso "mock parliaments" had been
subject to internal upheavals, and wero
a standing joke among those who followed tho Russian sitaution as closely
as was possible. The referring of the
Russian government (when they approached the Alliss re an armistice,
which should include ail warring peoples) to tho pantomime at "Omsk,"
was no moro amusing than the Ukraine
HUNDREDS TURNED TRADES COUNCIL TO
MY FROM REX   HOLD PROTEST
II        MEM.
Censorship and Allied Intervention in Russia Will
Be the Subject
Coughlan Strike is Fully
Discussed by the
Council.
When President Winch took the chair
at last night's meeting of the Tradei
and Labor Couneil there was a record
attendance of delegates. The matters
that raised the most discussion were
the report of the auditors, whieh had
been deferred for some time, owing to
the desire of the committee to obtain
information as to the Labor Temple
situation, and the Coughlan strike. Ia
order to present the report of the
auditors, President Winch called oa
Delegate Cotterill to take the chair.
Ho commenced his report with the
statement that the committee was not
in a position to make the roport as
desired, owing to the fact that the
committee had met unexpected obstructions. He reported that a letter had
been received from the receiver for tho
temple, stating that he eould not give
tho accounts as wished for by the
president of the council.
Delegate McVety stated that tho
statement asked for by tho committee
was not tho one that tho council bad
asked for, and that the statement for
the building was a different ono to a
statement of the affairs of the company. Ho also stated that as soon as
tho report of the auditors wus received
the council would be put in possession
of it. y
Delegate Winch pointed out that an
up-to-date statement as to the company
and tho operation of tho building was
tho one asked for.
Delegate Kavanagh said that the
committee had evidently fallen foul of
a technicality, but what the committee
wanted waa a statement as to the
Operation of the building, so that they
eould determine as to whother it was
wise for the workors to put anv further
money into it. Considerable discussion
took place on tho question, in whieh
many delegates took part, some of the
delegates taking the stand tbat sufficient interest had not boen taken
the building by tho organised workers.
To this Delegato Winch asked if this
was not duo to tho position the company was in.
Delegate McVety promised that as
soon as the auditors' roport was completo full information would be given
the council, this statement boing in roply to a question by Delegate
Youngash.
Room 301, Lnbor Temple, nnd all Auxiliary mombors heartily welcome, nlso
their children.
replacing production for profit by producing to uso.
Deep Sea Fishermen
Russcl Kearley of the Deep Sea
Fishermen has been engaged in organization work at Pendor Harbor, where
ho has been successful in lining up the
men engaged in herring fishing from
that point. Over SO members have
joined tho organization as n result of
his efforts. This organization has decided to tnko in all fishermen, irrespective of tho type, and will include salmon and herring fishing; in fact all
kinds of fishermen.
Soft Drink Dispensers
The Soft Drink Dispensers are holding their regular meeting on Sunday
noxt ut 2.30 p.m. when nominations of
ollicers for the coming year will be
made,
Delegate Smith moved thnt tho di-
Want Mobbers Punished
Jackson. Mich.—At one of thc largest mass meetings held this yenr trnde
unionists and other citizens asked federal officials to initiate an investiga
tion of thn mobbing of Herbert Crawford, orgnnizer of the Machinists
Union, who wns tarred and feathered
by a posse led by officers of the state
constabulary.
SHIPYARD LABORERS', RIGGERS'
AND FASTENERS' UNION
Local 38A-B, I.L.A.
SPECIAL NOTIOE
Members of above Union
kindly note that
A Special
Meeting
Commission on Masters and Mates
Thc Royal Commission appointed tu
enquire into the conditions of employment of tho masters and mates in the
runs!, and lake services, has resumed Its
sittings.
Bakers and Solders.
Tho Bakers' Union, Local 179, will
be pleased to admit all soldiers belonging to tho trodo into their orgnnization. They will bc admitted to thc
union for $2.00
Donations to tbe Sibblo Funeral Fund
Any donations lo this fund will 1)0
acknowledged in these columns. All
donations should bo sent to The R. 0
Federationist:
J.  G.  Morgan $-5.00
It, Alliniin   1.00
A. S. Wells.  2.00
Dr. W. J. Curry  6.00
Dr. Sanford 2.00
T. B. Miles  2.00
R. 13. Anwyl 3.00
I sitaution whero  tho press apparently
havo advanced! views'," befieving in no  btd   the«8eIv«   lost   track    _*   thh    ™«6-«■ »«»wi raovea mat tho di-
patch work, but a completo reconstruc- £h*nSofl  "  alleged  governments  and rectors of tho company,  representing
tion of our social and economic system,   had recently referred to the overthrow  the  Trades  Council,  bo  instructed  to
.__,_in-t-_. — j..-*j— at «. *./       ' I ot a Bolsheviki government there, when givo tho committee all the information
as a matter of fact, thero never bad' *■*■*»•-*-*-1
been aay such party in power in the
Ukraine.
Tho lack of any announcement of the
aims of tho enemies of democracy now
invading Russia, taken together with
the ovidenco of thc workings of commercial and capitalistic interests in the
provinces of Russia so invaded, was
used by thc speukcr to point to a possiblo reason for the continuance of organized bloodshed in Europe after the
war with Germany was over.
The attitude of the Bolsheviki gov
ernment to the Czecho-Slovaks, nnd tin
turning around of those people, backed
by the Allied forces upon the Russians,
who had tried to nssist them, wns also
dealt with.
Thc public had been informed that
tho expedition wus for the benefit of
the Russians. That might be true, but
for whihe Russians! There hud been n
numbor of them staying nt tho Hotel
Vancouver, nnd they could bo found in
"society" in most of our big cities.
But from the point of view of those
who had freed Russia, these people had
left the country for the country's good.
If they returned with the assistance of
Allied bayonets, it would not lie democracy that would reign in Russia, but a
continuance of the* orgy of capitalistic
anarchy.) which had disgraced what wns
known us present day civilization.
The sponkor quoted a number of
writers who had experience of the Russian revolution ,nnd could speak disinterestedly of whnt had taken place, and
who had nothing but commendation for
what the Bolsheviki governmont had accomplished] in RpitO of terrible opposition nnd innumerable countor-revolu-
ary plots backed from questionable
sources outside of Russin.
in thu Labor
will bo hold
Temple on'
SATURDAY NEXT, Deo. 21
at 7.30 p.m.
to receive report from Business Agent re situation in
Coughlan's Yard.
By order,
Maurice A. Phelpi,
Financial Secretary.
Western Federation of postal Emp.
A speciul meeting of the local brunch
will bo held in room 403, Labor Temple,
on Friday, Dec. 20, at 7:30 p.m. Thc
meeting is called to consider questions
to bo brought up at thc first convention
of the organization, to bu held at Suskn-
toon, commencing Feb. 10, 1010, ulso to
elect delogutes for snme. A referendum
vote of the local membership is being
taken on the question of affiliating with
tho il. C. Federation of Labor, and also
on tho question of affiliating with tht
Trades and Labor Council as an amal*
gnmntcd body. These matters are all
important, and all members nre expected to bo presont,
Butchers and Meat Cutters
There was a large attendance at the
regular meeting on Dec. 17, at which
twelvo new mombors were initiated.
The following officers were elected for
the ensuing term: I'residcnt, E. II.
Wills; vice-president, G. Johnson; financial secretary and business agent, T.
\V. Anderson; recording secretary, F.
Lilly. It was decided to take action
in regard to tho unfair laundries in the
near future, The butchers aro practically one hundred per cont, now,
Everything is progressing to tbe mutual
benefit of both the employer and employee.
required. *. \
The report was received as a roport
of progress, and thc committeo instructed to continue and to secure legal
advico if necessary.
Business Agent's Beport
Business Agent Midgley reported as
to his activities during tho past two
weeks, outlining his efforts in tho organization of thc loggers und his efforts on behalf of tho civic employees,
who had received an increase of $15
per month. He also reported on tho
Coughlan strike. The report wus received and adopted-.
Mr. Ridington, representing the B. C,
Labrarios Association, nddrcsscd tho
council on the question of public libraries. He Btated that ho appreciated
the opportunity of addressing the council on whut ho considered a mont important question, stating thut tho
library situation in this
province was
regrettable, and that there were only
five public libraries in the pro\ (net!.
Stuting tlmt tho destinies of (he nations wert! now in the hands of democracies, that thoro wus no butter method
of gaining knowledge than through
books. He outlined the draft net which
had been drawn up by tlie library association, which was intended to provide
labium's in tho settled districts und to
provide travelling libraries for thoso
thut resided in the sparsoly populated
districts. Speaking of tho libraries now
in existence, he staled that the ono at
New Westminster was one that wns
brought there in tho year 1808 by tho
Roy nl Engineers, und which had beori
added to sinco that date, but wns totally inadequate.    He pointed out that
by   the
concluding
AI
Struck by Falling Tank Just
as He Was Leaving
the Ship.
A caulker named Frazcr was instantly killed on Thursday morning ut the
Pacific Construction Company ship
building yards, Coquitlam, Thc acci
dent occurred at 11,30 a.m. Tbe deceased wus leaving the ship at that
time to go to the caulking shed to
spin oakum. At tbe time a lurgc tank
was being hoisted by a derrick, and to
all appearances the tank was properly
slung, but for some reason unknown,
it tipped and overturned as it was being hoisted, and fell, striking Fraser
and instantly killing him. Tbe injuries
wcro so dreadful that those that saw
the accident state that he was smashed
to pulp.
Bro. Frazer leaves a wife and young
family to mourn his loss. The Shipwrights were to havo held a smoking
concert last night but owing tb tho
death, and in respect to Bro, Fraser,
tbis was postponed.
the   proposed   act   would   prmide    for
libraries at a very low cost to the taxpayers, und that the cost of udminister-
g thc travelling libraries would bc
provincial government,
_, hia address he appealed
for the co-Oporation of orgunized labor.
The president stated that the matter
would be fully discussed ut a later date,
and he also thanked Mr. Hidington for
his address,
Reports of Committees.
Delegato Hardy reported on his at-
tendanoe at the meetings of the Proportional Representation League, and
stated that Aid. Kirk and Aid. Wood-
side had been instrumental in preventing the system being adopted or a
plebiscite being taken in so fur as Vancouver was concerned. Delegnte Harrison reported thut he had nttended the
Child Welfare League, und thut ut tho
convention recently held the question
of tho Boys' Industrial School was
deult with. The proposnl of thc Industrial Education Commit lee to start a
forum in the O'Brien Hnll wus defeated, and tbe committee was authorized to secure speakers for ariy union
that desired to be addressed on industrial subjects.
Coughlan Striko.
The mutter of the Coughlan strike
was explained to tbe council by Delegates Alexander and Cummings, who
gave a full resume of the situation, as
reported in another column in this
issue. Considerable discussion took
place on this matter, and many delegates   pointed   out   tho   necessity   of
(Continued on page 7) PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY.   Dwomber 80. U18
m
9
Christmas!
—and afterward
YOU will feel like going back to the job in a
new suit of work-clothes, after Christmas.
And you chaps of the labor world who have
done so much deserve to have new overalls and
work shirts.
3
JUST clip this advertisement and leavo it lying around where
your friends can seo lt.   They'll get the Idea and buy you -some
overalls.
Bo sure you specify TWIN BUTE Overalls.
_tmm.
"*-~5*
fEDEPAHONIST
| Jas. Thomson & Sons, Ltd. I
m
MAKERS
OUR GIGANTIC
CHRISTMAS 6ALE
—will save you money in the buying of useful and appreciative
Christmas Gifts for men.   Give useful gifts.
EVERYTHING REDUCED
EXTRAORDINARY BARGAINS
TRADE UPSTAIRS AND SAVE YOUR DOLLARS
ARNOLD&QUIGLEYf
"OTie Store thats always busy"
546Granville St. 546.
IN OUR NO
EXTRA RENT
UPSTAIRS CLOTHES SHOP
A. S. V. B. CARPENTERS
ELECTION OF OFFICERS
Victoria Carpenters Favor Joining Up
Forces for Future
Activities.
A largo quantity of businoss was
dealt with at tbo bi-monthly mooting of
above local on Thursday evening, Docombor 12, Brother J. Stevenson in tho
chair.
Tho quostion of repudiating the Robertson agreement was voted upon, the
result boing a large majority (117 to
2) in favor of non-repudiation, as it
was considered tho organization had
nothing to gain by upsetting tho existing agroomont. A delegation consisting of Bev. William Stevenson and
J. Dakers was given the floor to ad-
dross the mooting on the aims and objects of the Federated Labor Party.
A rosolution by A. Watchman as follows was introduced: "That to consolidate our forces and our economic
strength, by eliminating all separate
councils, aH auggOBtod by General Presidont Hutcheson in Thc Carpenter, and
the formation of ono district council of
-carponters, to conduct tho business of
all locals of thc U. B. in each district."
Unanimously carried.
Election of ofiicers 'for the ensuing
term resulted as follows: PrcBidont,
Bro. II. Starkcy; vice-pros., Bro. Bolton;
flocretnry, J. Loy; treasurer, Bro. B.
Simmons; auditors, Bros. J. Skelton, H.
Oliver and T. Burtholme; doorkeeper,
Bro. J. Skelton; check steward, Bro.
Townsend; branch committee, Bros. A.
Cocks, Skelton, Burtholme, Ham and
Ellin; branch referee, Bro. N. Nicholson,
• Curfew Won't Ring.
Now York.—Tho curfew bell won't
ring In this town because Mayor fiylnn
has vetoed an ordinance to make children keep off tho streets aftor 9 p. in.
or be incarcerated in tho village
lockup. Tbe mayor showed that if childron under 1C years of ago woro found
standing on the street near their own
homo on a hot summer ovening after
the proscribed hour thoy would bo taken
in charge by a policomau.
Unionists Start Store.
Racine,    Wis.—Organized    garment
workers have started a store where they
aro employed.
A BBAI OBBISTMAS  TBS AT
Old Banta Glaus is bringing a real treat
to Vancouver on Christmas week, for tho
grown-up boys and girls as well as the little
folks, and Mother Carey and hor chickens
wilt disponso presents of jaj- to every one
who attends the Empresn Theatre on that
evuntful occasion. Over two million coploa
of tho beautiful story of "Mother Carey's
Chickens" have been sold In the last year
and a half, which is probably responsible
for the widespread popularity of tho play. It
was written by Kate Douglas Wiggins, who
wrote "Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch,"
and a number of the other real classics of
American literature. Marie Baker, who Is
loved by overy om> of those wonderful mother
parts, will be nturri'il a. "Mother Carey,"
whieh is a far greater stage charactor than
"Mrn. Wlggs," "Aunt Mary" In tho "Rejuvenation," or the part Miss aBker played
in the beautiful drama called "Mothor,"
which In Itself is an assurance of a delightful performance. Margaret Marriott will
play the part of Nancy, whilo Kdytho Elliott
will play Kathloi-n, a girl of twelve, and will
also do a specialty. Patricia Salmon will
appear as Gilbert Caroy and will also be
heard in a specialty. Little Kdytho Royal
will he seen lu a great child part. ***
The Issue     ■ I
Tho oditor of Thc B. C. Fedora-1
tionist—Comrade: Aftor mouths of
armed efforts, tho armies of the Allies
operating in Siberia and in Northern
Russia have not been ablo to subdue
tho Russian proletariat. Tho proletariats of Contral Europe havo done
away with tho two kaisers and tho
vorious kings and princos that ruled
tho Teutonic countries, and are about
to do away with tho traitors that, in
tho namo of stato socialism, havo takon
control of tho public affairs in Gormany, What happened in Russia at
tho timo of tho Kerensky dictatorship
■in about to happen in Germany, whero
with mon liko Liebknecht and women
liko Rosa Luxenburg, the workers, I
hope, will bo ablo to proclaim tho dictatorship of the proletariat and socialize the means of production and distribution.
Wo aro at the evo of great chargos
in human socioty, and if tho revolution
that bogan in Russia will conquer tho
Teutonic countries, it will spread to
tho Latin and Anglo-Saxon countries
unless tho .workers of England, Italy
aud Franco will support their rulers in
suppressing their comrades of Russia
and Germany. Only a fow voicos of
protest, horo and there,' havo beon
hoard against tho Allied expedition in
Russia, but will tho workers of Western
Europo becomo so blinded with tho victories of the master olass that they
can't see tho light at their very door?
A year ago tho German workers could
have saved the day for tho aocioJ
revolution, but led by tho generals of
tho kaiser and supported by the imperialistic doctrines of tho majority
Socialists, supprossod tho proletarians
of Ukraine and Finland, and imposed
upon the Soviets of revolutionary Russia a capitalistic peaco. Will tho workers of England, Italy and Franco make
the same mistake, by letting their falso
loaders load thom to suppress the proletarians of Central Europe! Certainly the Allied governments and that
of the Unitod States aro willing to
help the German bourgeoise, their enemies of yesterday, drown in tho blood
of tho workers of Gormany and Austria the rising revolution. But will the
workors of these countries second their
criminal attempts! Let us hopo that
thoy will respond with the organization
of Soviets in Great Britain, Italy and
Franco to any order for invading any
Socinlist republic in Central Europe.
Whilo in Europo history is being
changed, while the European proletariat
is at the eve of accomplishing the historical mission of our class, what arc
wo going to do in this North American
continent! Mazzini said to the workers: "Tou will bo boforo long free
producors in a froe association of
brothers, if you only wont it." Do
we, the slaveB of modern Bociety, the
pariahs of tho world, want to be
crushed under tho iron heel of a greedy
and conscienceless class, or do we want
to bc froo producers as tho great democrat of the nineteenth century prophesied? It is up to us; the historical
moment is in our favor, but if we fail
to understand it and act accordingly
capitalism will bo onco moro tho victor, and the emancipation of the workers will remain for yoars yot a hope
for tho Socialist, a dream for tho
thinker and a reason for the philosopher.
Vory. littlo as to bo expected from
the labor loaders across the lino; but
if the workers of Canada will do something tho American proletariat may
fall in Hne:
The problom of. the hour, to my
understanding, is the closer union of
tho proletarian forces, and the roturned
soldiers being, in the great majority.
part and parcel of the proletariat, they
should be invitod by organizod labor
to a joint conference fpr tho purpoBO
of organizing our forcos for any emergency, Thero is going to bo a conforonco of Wostorn labor in tho near future. I think that this problom should
bo ono of tho items of tho meeting.
Let the Marxian words ring in our
oars as nevor bofore: "Workers of tho,
world unite; you havo nothing to loan
but your chains and you have a world
to gain."
Yours for ours,
ROMEO ALBO.
SLATER'S
QUALITY     SERVICE
Orlffln's Not-i-Seed, at 16c
Not-a-Seed Raisins 2 lbs. 35c
Locana  Seeded Raisins,  16-os pkt.
for   - - 160
Cleaned Currants, lb.   30c
Shelled Almonda, lb -70c
Shelled Walnuts, lb. 70c
Union and Orange Peel, lb 40c
Minen Meat, 2 lbs. for  25c
Haiel  Nuts,   tb - SOe
Walnuts,  lb - 30c
Almonds  8 lbs. for 85C
Malktn's Tea  66e
Slater's Red Label Tea  460
Slater's Red Label Coffeo 40c
Sunlight Soap - 4 for 25c
Royal Crown B-oap 6 for 25c
11   C. Catsup  25c
Sliced   Bacon,  lb 46c
Sliced Bacon, lb 60c
Ayrshire Bacon, lh 60c
Siloed  Roll  Bacon,   lb.  40c
BOOS!   EOOSI  EOOSI
Alberta Storage Eggs, dos...60c
Alborta Fresh Eggs, dos 86e
Compound Lard  2 lba. 66c
Beef Dripping  1 lb.  30c
EXTBA SPECIAL
Small Pieces Bacon, 3 to 8 lba.
Regular  41   l-2e.    Saturday
only  38 l-2c
BIO SPECIAL
Plcnlo Hams. Regular 31   l-2c.
Saturday only 28 l-2e
ANOTHER BIO SPECIAL
Back   Bacon.     Reg.   40   l-2e.
Saturday only, lb 42 l-2c
Alberta  Special Butter, lb 66c
Alberta Speeial Buttor 3 lbs. $1.00
Alberta Creamery Butter, lb 60c
Sardlnea   -- 8  for  25c
Clark's Pork and Beans..3 for 25c
Annt Dlnah'i Molasses,  6-lb. tins
for - B8«
EXTRA  SPECIAL
Slater's Famous Cottage Rolls,
3 to 5 lbs. eaoh. Saturday
only   i   38  1-tC
5--BIG STORES--3
123 Hastings Street East
830 Granville Street
3260 Main Street
Phone Sey. 3262
Phone Sey. 866
Phone Fair. 1683
The Bng League of Nations
Editor B. C. Foderationist: Sir—This
bug hat* boon buzzing around our ears
for some considerable timo. It is not
Presidont Wilson's invention by any
moans. Ho, perhaps, is ono of tho most
prominent advocators and advocates,
with othors as enthusiastic but not so
prominent in the press, who now seem
at a loss how to float the scheme successfully. These groat statesmen now
soo tho folly of the scheme, the prao-
tico of which is an uttor impossibility.
An impossibility because of the nature
of society's basis. Labor has followed
tho press closely these last four years.
It hns educated itself tremendously, and
thc principles ndopted in tho conference in France, which form in the main
the basii* of future society, are similar
in character to the basis of society pro-
viOus to the European wnr which broko
out in 1014. The only difference is, the
principles are adapted to conditions
forced upon society through tho international character of its uoods. Markets are now expressed in the singular
sense; thoy have evolved -into a world
markot. Capitalists in fact do not
function any more; it is capitalism.
"Nations exist only in form, in fact society is ono international wholo, Thore
aro, however, two classes, the master
and tho slavo class.
Although thero exists a master class,
called capitalists, a class whicli controls the destiny of Bociety by virtue
of its littlo deeds of ownership, it cannot bo said as in years past that so
and so owns a share in this or that
concern. His capital counts, and not
the man. His shares count, and not
his ability. In fact, tho business, not
his business interests, is out of his control; causes outside of the owner's control determine his dividend. He Invests
to the best of his ability or knowlcdgo,
or through the influence of expert advisers. These experts nre os a rule
workers of a high ordor, so high, as a
rule, they themselves fuil to recognize
the awful fact. These economic lessons
are assimilated by a working class
which is fast becoming imbued with
class-conscious ideas. The proletarian
class has leurned more during the pust
four years than they did for a decade
prior tu 1914. This knowledge has boen
forcod upon socioty through conditions,
and the practical ubo of it can only be
carried out by tho working olass, Howover,  thc  capitalist clus  thought  it
could uso it, and at tho samo timo carry
on tho exploitation of labor power.
Thoy talk about forming an international "democracy" entitled "A
League of Nations." Each country to
be mutually interested. An injury to
ono is an injury to all. Froodom of
commorco a safeguard or prevention of
such a catastrophe as that which
started in 1914. But now they realizo
they took too big a bite.
Mutual protection and freedom of
trade, even amongst .the master clasB,
will not work out in practice. Each
country has its problems. Each country varies moro or less in degrees of
development. Some aro handicapped in
one way, somo in another, and all aro
interested in a markot. Tho tendency
of machine production is to cheapen
commodities, but thero ore factors in
oach country which either help or hin-
dor this machine-made ideal from becoming, a roality. Canada for instanco
has great natural resources in minerals,
timber, agriculture, lands and fishing
pools. Sho has, however, a great drawback rolativo to tho world markot. I
rofor to her undeveloped transportation
fncilitioB. This is not her only drawback. Sho lacks in modern machinery,
and is thereforo forced to uso out-of-
date methods. Her population is small
and her chief industry agriculture
These conditions tend to raise tho cost
of produetion. Being a neighbor of a
moro advanced country, sho has boen
forced to raise a tariff wall. This is
tho diroet outcome of nationality, or
the flag significance. Tho tariff business has tho opposite effoct on tho
othor side of tho wall. The commodity
producers must produce for less. It
tends to swell tho pilo of commodities
upon the local market, thus cheapening
them, tho supply being greater than the
demand. Although tho United States
is developed to a greater extent than
Canada, Btill it is somewhat in tho
samo category. The eastern statea aro
developed extensively, and its ti^ns-
portation facilities up to date. With
tho exception of a few live centres tho
West is still undeveloped. These conditions havo an influence on tho coat
of production, and compared with aomo
countrioa labor power is still high-
priced. This fact will toll to their disadvantage in the world market.
England, which is a network of railways and is a vaat centre of industry,
will find a handicap in ita high-priced
labor power. Japan can produce much
cheaper. China can do similarly.
Theso two countries with tho aid of
modern machinery oan forco tho western world down to thoir standard of
living. This, of courso, provided capitalism can livo long enough.
A league of nations involves all
those possibilities, tho development of
which must work injury upon tho less
advantageously situated countries. Tho
fixing of prices of commodities under
production for profit is au impossibility. If this could bo done tho problem would npparontly bo solved. I say
apparently, only becauso if prices were
fixed they counld only be expressed by
the amount of socially necessary labor
timo expended in tho production of
commodities. Tho adjustment of prices
ao much talked about is included in
that term, socially necessary. The
fixed prico, when adjusted, becomes a
fluctuating prico and socioty finds itself in tho same mud holo as beforo the
fixed price idea was formulated. Thero
is' no way out of tho commodity difficulty. Supply and demand will continuo to fix pricos. Tho supply of labor
power being greater in ope country
tban in anothor, coupled with thc help
of machinery in production, will destroy the markot for tho leas fortunate.
With every country bound togothor to
keep tho peace, what will somo of them
do whon tho market is closed againBt
them? A nation cannot livo capital-
iatically without a market. These
problems havo forcod tho world's great
mon to reconsider tho league of nations
and in tho Vancouver Sun of December
3, 1918, threo big items of the democratic programme aro sidetracked: "1,
League of Nations: 2, Freedom of
ScaB, and 3, Daylight Diplomacy.''
Those items may bo loft over for future discussion. The remainder of the
programme is strictly based uopn the
policy of thc state, tho idea being to
continuo the capitalist system of society. There is nothing of vital importance to the wage workor excopt
perhaps to maintain them as such. Tho
chief and only idea, as far as I can soe,
tho programmo to be considered at tho
peace conferonco is based on privato
property.
If the "eLagho of Nations, Froodom
of Seas and Daylight Diplomacy" is
left out of tho immediate programme,
it is dono for economic reasons. It
is diametrically in opposition to the
general idea of democracy. It simply
means capitalism has conflicting interests within itself. A league of nations is very unpractical within a society producing commodities for salo,
ixehango or profit. This because of the
varied differences within the several
countrioa.
Freedom of the seas under commodity production would favor thoso
countries where tho choapest lnbor
power is used, Thorofore tho presont
developed countries seek to maintain
their position in a world market by
rosorving the right of policing tho seas
by capitalistic interests. Daylight diplomacy, if adopted, will woakon tho
strong ark of capitalism In proportion
to the knowlcdgo possessed by tho
common people. The slave of old was
ignorant in reading and writing, and
the diplomacy carried out iu thoso days
was very raw. However, towards the
end of feudalism, diplomacy began to
grow moro refined, moro Becret. This
tendency hus continued to grow, until
today it ia a fine art. It ia more necessary today than evor,-not bocauae tho
necessity iB founded upon reason, but
because it is ono of tho most potent
weapons the political world possesses.
With the workora becoming moro Intelligent, tho policy of darkened diplomacy becomes moro nnd moro a necessity. However, it rests with the proletariat whether wo shall have secret
or daylight diplomacy. What havo tho
workerB of the world to koop secret
from each other?   Absolutely nothing.
Democracy with those threo - itoma
lacking is a vory limping ono and may
as well be called by its proper namo,
capitalism. My reason for pointing
this out can be found in tho Vnncouver
Doily Sun of Decembor 3rd on tho front
page.
Again, in the Sun of Decembor Cth, I
seo that David Lloyd George is op-
posod by Austin Harrison as a candidate for parliament. Tho latter con-
testa on tho strength of a "Leaguo of
Nations" platform. From this I gather
fresh circumstantial evidence that the
four aces shown in tho Sun of December Gth have discarded tho league of
nations idea. I am no card sharper,
so will not bot oven on so good a hand
as is shown in tho Sun. It remains to
bo seen whether tho acca are botter
than thc deuces. Tho lowost card is
the two-spot, and it is not of much
account againat a ono-spot of tho same
kind. But if the lowest stato within
socioty intelligently applies itself at
the polling both, the aces of society
will have no show whatover.
Workers, loao not your heads ovor
theso issues placarded by capitalists.
Convert tho phrase "Loaguo of Nations" into international commonwealth, "Freedom of SeaB" into
"World Froodom," "Daylight Diplomacy" will look after itself.
Yours for democracy,
WILL BATLISS.
BOYS1 AND GIRLS'CORNER
Editor B. C. Fedorationist! Sir—Will
you kindly publish tho following in tho
interests of tho provinco? Somo weeks
ago I wroto to the Sun concerning tho
noed for choapcr powdor aB an essential to tho prosperity of-the province,
also the acquiring of surplus stock not
neoded in Europe; and advocated tho
manufacturing of it by the governmont, but for some reason my letter
was ignored, bo I must try again.
To begin with, I am right up against
the "back to tho laud" problem, and
I am glad to aay I am making good
although still in noed of cheap powder.
I began farming (or land clearing, as
that comos first) as tho majority of
land Bottlers bogin, that iB with vory
small capital, so I had tho land to
clear. The moneyed man starting in
looks for cleared land and gets it at
tho expense of tho broken-hearted poor
settler who has failed. Thc real problem is "how to keep peoplo on tho
land" whon you got them thore, as 50
por cont. or moro drift back to city
life again.
What a talo tho provincial assessor
could tell, a tale of hardships and
blighted hopes, of men struggling
against tho woll nigh impossible under
present conditions; growing botweon
tho stumps is unsatisfactory; tho only
way is for cheaper powder to romovo
the stumps, mako tho governmont road
and all kinds of development work.
I boliovc it should bo mado by tho
governmont and distributed at coat.
The present manufacturers should
not stoad in the way of greater progress, and powdor at a prohibitive prico
is a bar to progress. Tho wolfaro of
tho provinco must come before tho
limited company or tho individual.   ■*
Groutor holp should be also given
farmers in need of It by enlarging tho
scope of tho credits board. I hopo and
trust thoso looking for holp nre moro
fortunato than I was two yeara ago. I
appllod for a loan, was asked to send
five dollars for appraisal feo, given
ovory hopo by appraiser; aftor waiting
some months application refused, for
what roason I could not learn. I needed
holp then a littlo moro, as I was five
dollara worso off. It ia reasonable to
assumo that if I can mako good without it I could with it.
It is quito time to commence reconstruction, and it should not be necessary to wait until tho roturned soldiers
and labor unions force the hand of tho
governmont. I think tho successful
operating of either powder works, atato
railways, or oven tho fight of tho labor
unions for botter conditions will de-
pond largely if not wholly on tho lesson
learned in tho winning of tho war, viz.:
supreme control or responsible heads
alwaya, providing thoy are tho right
kind of heads.   I am, yours truly,
SAMUEL LIGGINS.
; Canada Food Board ;
;   Licence 8—1855    ;
Canada's Debt
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: It is such
a novelty to Canada to owo a billion
or two that wo Canadians may ns well
try to realizo what it means to us, and
what offect it is going to have on ourselves and descendants.
We borrow it under tho stresB of war,
getting ronlly very little for our money
for prices woro almost at tho famine
point. Wo are to repay the principal
and interest in times of poaco, when all
hopo and believo that prices will have
reverted to almoat if not quite thoir
former lovcl.
The prices will have fallen, but not
tho rate of interest therefore our debt
measured in what or farm produce, the
only sensiblo way of estimating it will
have doubled; or if wo succeed in growing the onormous amount of produce
that wo aro planning to provide, it
may bo treblod.
Most of tho monoy ia owed by Canada to Canadians, and nt present the
bondB are widely acattored. Before
long the bulk of theso bonda will gravitate into tho hands of a comparative
fow, sickness ,misfortuno, generoBity,
carelessness will bring thom into the
markot, and tho prudont and crafty
will mop them up, for they will be
"very desirablo," "gilt-edged."
We shall hnvo produced a new crop
of capitalists, financiers, "superior
peoplo," too dignified to work, and wo
shall turn over to them a tribute equal
probably to ono hundred millions of
bushels of Canada's best whent froe of
taxes.
But theae gentlemen will bc Cunu-
dinna, nud thoy will livo in Canada,
you will exclaim? Wc shall surely
have Ihe satisfaction of seeing them
nnd their followers devouring our substance in riotous living, and possibly
gleaning a few crumbs from under their
tables But not so dear friends, If the
example of the famous prodigal is any
warning, ho wont to a fur country, and
our prodigals will leavo us thc blizzards
and dust nnd mosquitoes.
Now this is what Ib going to happen,
and it is not pleasant to contemplate.
In fact, it is going to bo one of tho
groatost disasters that can befall a nation. Aro we hclplosa before this dan-
goM Have we helped Germany to get
rid of its "military caste" only to
raise up a monstrous swarm of parasites feeding on ourselves?
I bolieve that on tho way wo handle
this question, tho success or failure of
tho Canadian nntion will turn. Ab our
country wns in danger, wo adoptod conscription by an overwhelming vote,
sending our men, rich or poor, to tho
trenches to face death, mud and disease. Let us realize that our country
Btlll is in danger, Havo thc courage
to taako, our legislators conscript our
citizons, *rich and poor alike, to their
fair share of the country's work, and
allow no ono in Canada to bc a shirker
even if ho or she has a million Inveated
in bonds, or owns acres of land In the
heart of Toronto or Montreal. We havo
failed in our much talked "conacription of woalth," but we sucoeodod in
our conscription of men. Let us learn
tho lesson and instead of wasting timo
trying to conscript wealth, take tho
simplo and offeetivo plan of conscripting ourselves. Oh, but wo have promised to pay this intereat and principal? many will exclaim. Well, pay it,
but do not lot tho bondholder presume
The Story of a Piece of CoaL
(By J. S. Woodsworth)
A piece of coal ia bo common that we.
do not often think of the wonderful
story it could tell us. As a matter of
fact, "King Coal" has quito aristocratic connections. Chemists toll us ho
belongs to the Carbon Family and is
first cbusin to tho Diamonds—that is
why he is sometimes callod a black
diamond.
Many millions of years ago, thc
scientists toll us, this country was covered by great tropical'forcsts, Evon in
Alaska you know tho minors when
digging in tho frozon ground sometimes
find the skeletons of mammoths by tho
sido of which, tho African elephants
would walk like pigmies. These great
forests flourished for a long timo.
Then something happened. Wo are
not sure just what. The earth porhaps
was tiped a littlo and this eountry bo-
came vory cold. Great glaciers covered
mountains and valleys. I havo seen
huge boulders that must have boen carried hundreds of miles on the backs of
glaciers, and great potholes ground out
of the solid rock. Well, the great
forests nnd vcgotablo doposits were
covered by tho glaciers, and the soil
thoy carried down. Under tho pressure
chomical changes took placo, and the
wood was changed to coal.
Someone has called coal "condensed
sunlight." This iB not merely a poetical fancy but is almost scientifically
true. Long ages ago when tho sun
shone'down on tho cartt and thero waB
no man to_ enjoy it, tho light nnd heat
wcro not' lost. Tho littlo lenvos
strotched thomsolves out and drank in
tho sunshino and stored it up in thoir
tiny colls liko a bco stores up honey.
Thon, as jou know, theae wood colls
wcro transmutated to coal.
When wo burn tho coal in our grates
on a winter's night and enjoy its
warmth and brighncss we aro in reality
sotting freo thc condensed sunlight thnt
was stored up by tho leaves so many
lions of years ago.
At last man camo to livo on the
earth and after a long timo discovered
tho use of flre. It was a wondorful
discovery and helped him much to becomo civilized. According to nn old
fnblo Prometheus stole the firo from
Heaven nnd was punished for his daring by boing chained to a rock and
having his vitals plucked out by a vulture!
Not so very long ago mea learned
tho use of coal. One day whon a man
was tramping across this Wostorn country ho stumbled on an outcropping
scam of coal. You might havo thought
that ho would have rushed back to hia
friends to tell tho glad news, and
thero would have beon groat rejoicing. Horo waa "condensed sunlight"
enough to last thousands of pooplo for
many winters.
But no, in thoso dark ages evory man
tried to got hold of tho good things for
himself and forco other peoplo to pay
him tribute. So tho man who had
found the coal, wont to ono of tho big
"exploiters," as they were called, and
becnuso ho was poor and hungry he
sold hia secret for onough food to keep
him for a few months. Thon tho exploiter went to his friends who controlled tho affairs of tho copntry and
thoy gave him tho "right" to tho coal
mlno.
So tho exploiter dug a hole in tho
grpund—straddled tho hole like a Colossus and cried, "This is my mine."
So tho people who needed "condensed
sunlight" bad to go and pay him whatover price ho asked for his coal..
"His coall" Just fancy this little
man who wob born yesterday claiming
tho coal fet-da which it had taken mil
lions of years to create. Just fancy
him solemnly assorting that ho had "a
right" to koep tho peoplo from the
coal bocause he had given tho man who
found it a few meal-tickets or had somo
papors from hiB friends, "the government.'- And the people mockly submitted I
I said this took placo in tho dark
ages. But really this took place in our
own time.
1 In British Columbia, and Indeed all
ovor Canada, wo havo allowed a few
exploiters to claim the coal mines and
copper mines and all the other minerals.
Only a few days ago a valuable mineral
deposit was found in Saskatchewan.
The wholo bed of a lake was ready to
bo bottled up. Tho papors told us that
immediately the Mackenzie & Mann interests wero nfter tho "find." Isn't
it a stupid way of doing things.
Bo tbo great timber limits have been
given to a fow great companies. Did
they make the trees grow? Do thoy
own thc land? Do they givo tho profits of tho timber to tho people? No
thoy skim thc croam—tako off what
they want and leave an awful moss for
tho Bottler to clear up or a firo gets in
and it will tako tho pooplo hundreds
of years of trouble and expense to
grow the forests again.
It is tho same thing with tho water
powers. On our rivers thero is power
enough to run all our machinery and
do most of our housework, but a few
men aro keeping the peoplo from using
this power or charging them so much
Good Things
to cat aro hero in groat abundance, and
at "Cash and Garry" prices, which are
less than eleowhoro.
Finest Alborta Creamery Buttor—
Per lb _ .Mo
Looal   New   Laid   Eggo—Guaranteed.
Por dozon  - — .150
Finest Canadian Choose, lb ..30c
Now Mixed Nuts, por lb. SSe
Preserved Ginger, por lb 60c
Konnody's Port Wine, quart 86c
Fino Old English Plum Pudding—Bog.
60c sizo for - 40e
Sun Maid Soodloss Baisins—2 pkgs..85c
Empress Spices—3 tins for 26c
Flavoring Extracts, 2 bottlos SSe
Pure Honey, quart jars 11.10
Choico Cleaned Currants—Pkg.  SOe
Braid's Bost Tea—Per lb .66c
Bluo Bibbon, Malkin's Bost, lb 55c
Fresh Shelled Peanuts, por lb .SOe
CHRISTMAS POULTRY
Turkeys, Goose, Chickens, all of tho
very beBt. No. 1 governmont inspected
moats, none bettor, all at very roason*
ablo prices.
S. T. Wallace's
Marketaria
to think that his having Buch. money
in hin pockot is any excuse for his neglecting to do some really useful work,
and work of the nature that the eountry directs him to do; "It will bo in tho
interest of the country to flnd each person work that is both useful nnd congenial, just as it was In the interest
of the army to find out tho sort of job
each man was fitted for, and not put
big fat men in aeroplanes, or slight,
delicate mon to handle big gras. It
will also bo in the intorest of the country, to seo that the work is done under
the best conditions. Fortunately, it
will not bo necessary to put any one -in
a filthy trench any longer. "Why, it
won't bo any advantage to bo rich, if
you havo to work just like a poor person?" I think I hear others saying—
and I hasten to agree with thom—it
would bo a positive downright nuisance
nnd a rich man would soon have no
more ubo for hia old bonda and tiltle
dcoda than tho Kaiser has , for Ms
crown. And strange to say, there need
be no such thing in all Canada as a
poor person, for if each did his fair
share, all would have plenty or to supply any reasonable needs.
Give mo neither riches or poverty,
has boen recognized as one of the most
aensible prayers over uttered. Why
should we not try to be sensiblo and
honest, just for a change Christ taught
us to pray for "our dally bread," and
we should actually begin to pray that
prayer whon we did our daily task, and
did not trust to our scheming and swindling to got some other fellow to do
our dirty work.
Canadians, it is up to yon. If my ar*
gumonts are unsound, expose thom; if
my idea Is useless, show it up, or suggest a bettor.
J. 0. HARRIS.
118 Hastings St. W.
Oppoiitt
Woodward's
SEY. 1266
Tools
for
Boys
Give him something useful
and something ho will go
wild over; something that
will mean world's to him
when he tells his friends he
got a tool chest with real
"Bure enough" tools.
Our Combination Sets for
boys of various ages are
true steel and built to last
much longer than New"
Year's Eve.
Pino assortment, $4.60 up.
Forbes ft Van Home
Limited
Tools and Fine  Cutlery
638 HASTINOS ST. WEST
for its uso -that they try to got along
without,
Thc land is much tho same. Within
reach of tho railroads in Western Canada thero aro 30,000,000 acres of idle
land held by speculators, and yet many
of us cannot oven own an acre. We
have to pay a high price for a bit of
ground two feet by six into which
they.can put our body! The only place
it's easy to get a freo gravo is in
France 1
Why should tho natural resources of 1
a country be givon to a fowf Surely I
"God mado tho lond for the peoplo." |
One day—soon, wo hopo—tho poople j
will claim the land and mines nnd
other treasures which have boon kept ]
from thom.
MINERS PROTEST THE
CONTINUED CENSORSHIP I
Miners Wish to Elect  Commissioner]
From Their Own
Banka
The following resolution was passed!
at tho regular mooting of CarbondaloJ
Alborta, Local Union, Unitod Mine]
Workers, held Docombor 1st:
"Resolved, that wo circularize all
locals in District 18, asking thom to
potitlon tho governmont, through thc
district offlcors, that tho press censorship bo abolished, and tho ban lifted
from all books, pamphlets and other
publications; also that wo demand tht
immediate release of all political prls
oners who are now in jail for their ro-
fusal to comply with tho ordors-in
council enforced whilo Canada was al
war.
'Resolved also, that as J. O. Jones
in our opinion, got his appointment oi
tho board of commissioners througl
political pull, thereforo wo demand thai
he bo removed and a practical minef
*iut In his place, who should be electeoj
iy the miners of this district."
Want 44-Hour Week.
Now York.—The International FuiJ
Workers' Union asks for an eight-houj
day and half a day on Saturday.
The Fur Worker, official magazine oi]
this organization, Bays:
'' A 44-hour working week is no new
issuo with the furriers. Two years ago!
before tho prosent agreement wail
signed, our members expressed the wishB
that the union shall make it its busifl
neBS to agitato for a 44-hour week andj
exert overy effort to have it oatabliBheq
in the fur industry."-
itrike to Enforce Bights.
St Paul, Minn.—Em ploy oob of tha
White Enamel Refrigerator Co. havd
suspended work to enforco their rightj
to join a trado union.
Firemen Organise.
North Platte, Nob.—Stationaiy flre-l
men at this plaoe have organized andl
affiliated with the trade union movo-|
ment. OmOIAL   FAFIK   VUCOUTBI
msss unt LABoi ooraon*
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OmolU,  FAFBB   BBHin  tOtr
mu noBBAnoa or itaoa
TENTH YEAR.   No. 51
TWELVE PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 20,  1918
(b VucMvtr\
ottr. M.oo /
$1.60 PER YEAB
When Choosing
CHRISTMAS GIFTS
It is well to remember that the quality whieh makes them
perpetually appreciated is USEFULNESS
A COURSE
IN THE
Sprott-Shaw
BUSINESS SCHOOL
336 HASTINGS ST. W.
Is one of tho most really useful gifts you eould select for your
boy or girl. A good business education gives confidence in life,
courage in business, independence of character, broad democratic culture. It has a life-long effect; it is invaluable, and
tho SPROTT-SHAW is the place to get it. Those trained the
Sprott-Shaw way never regret it.
NEW YEAR'S TERM
Opens December 30th, 1918
Enroll Early and make up for lost time.
Seymour 1810
Men! What
About Your
Xmas Hat?
—Before deciding we would like you to see our
Exclusive Styles. Select a "Blake" hat from our big
new stock. We have a style to suit every face. The
quality is the highest—but the price is the least. It
costs but $3.50.
All the newest styles in caps...
..$1.25 to $3.00
Black and White Hat
Store
COR. HASTINGS AND ABBOTT STREETS
PHONE SEYMOUR 20
Perry & Mack, Ltd.
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
305 PENDER ST. W.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1869
Capital Authorized $ 25,000,000
Capital Paid-up $ 14,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 15,000,000
Total Assets $360,000/)00
618 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and British Wut
Indict.
Also branches in London, England, New York Oity and Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branches in Vancouver;
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Strc'ets
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Comer Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Davie Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Seventh Avenue West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Stroot, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 other pointu
in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION OIVEW TO BA VINOS ACCOUNT!
One dollar opens an aeeonnt, on whieh intoree   ii paid half-yearly at
enrrent rates.
THOS. PEACOCK, O. W. FBAZEB, VtueoiTer,
Muatn Vaocou»w Branch Suptrrlwr for B.O.
LABOR'S ANSWER TO THE RULING
CLASS CAMPAIGN OF VILLIFICATION
While Unheard of Profits were being made, Labor attempted to
Uphold the Standard of Living, and to Defeat
Kaiserism at Home
FROM THE COMMENCEMENT of the war in August, 1914, the press of this country has carried on
a campaign of slander and villification of the working class movement of this country. There has
been nothing attempted, or any steps taken by organizod labor, either to improve the conditions, or to
bring wages up to the point where they would be in keeping with the ever-increasing cost of living, that
has been the occasion for fresh slander and villification. Every step taken to make conditions such
as would maintain tho standard of living, has been met by the organizations effected being accused of
being led by pro-Germans, or that the actions of the organization has been influenced by alien enemies
or that German money has been the cause of tho actions of thc officers of the organizations concerned.
This systematic campaign has been carried on by the press that has supported the actions of the employing class, which with lip patriotism has given everything, and whieh if its utterances aro given credit,
is the only patriotic section of the community that had the welfare of the people at heart. No other action
can, however, be expected from a press that is owned and controlled by the ruling class of any country.
This campaign has been carried on for the purpose of creating a diversion between tho various sections
of the working class. The main object being to bring about a cleavage between the soldiers and the
industrial workers. How well this worked in the Dominion elections of 1917 can be seen by any one
that is not blindly prejudiced', and deceived by the press fabrications.
From the commencement of thc manufacture of munitions the trouble started.   Labor was never
able to get any satisfaction as to the wages or conditions in the factories that were engaged in the production of shells, and when shipbuilding started in this province, thc same conditions applied.     The
members of the organizations engaged in the manufacture of shells had constant trouble.   They appealed to the govement for redress.   They wero informed that the government had nothing to do with
the matter, and that they would have to appeal to tho Imperial Munitions Board in thc Old Country.
This was done, and they were in turn informed that they must take it up with the government of this
country.   This went on for a considerable time, and in some instances belated action was taken by the
government.   In onc case, thc conditions in the factory that was tunning out shells were so bad, that
Mr. J. D. McNiven, who was at thc time fair wage officer for thc Dominion government, recommended
that tho contract wheh this firm had for tho manufacture of shells, should be cancelled, and this was
done.   Yet all tho time this trouble was going on, the labor organizations wcro condemned by the
press as being disloyal and pro-German, and many other things.   Now what was the position of the
lip patriots, the patriots that were drawing undreamed oil profits, who were gouging the government for
every last cent that could be gained?   Ono manufacturer that had a strike on his hands, admitted to
the writer, that out of his first contract, he made sufficient to pay for the oost of thc machinery he installed in order to manufacture shells, which was $35,000, and then mado above that amount a profit
on the    first   order   of   15   per   cent,   over   and above the cost  of  tho machinery, and he was
only a small contractor.   Those conditions prevailed all over the country, the government paying for
shells any price from $2.50 to $5.00 per shell, and from investigation,' it was found that the cost of
production did not go over the sum of $1.25, in the one case, and $2.50 in the other.    These are the patriots that have been accusing the workers of being   profiteers,    and   being   led   by   pro-Germans
and what not.   These arc the people that were responsible for the men going overseas with rifles that
they had to throw away as being useless, and when faced byVthc enemy, in many cases with tears in
their eyes, and curses on their lips, the men threw away the useless Ross rifles and grabbed anything
that they could lay their hands on in order to defend themselves.   These are the type of patriots that
have accused labor of being tho tool of Germany, who, like the head of the Munitions Board, made thousands out of waterlogged bacon supplied to the boys over there, who at evory turn villified labor for trying to maintain the standard of living so that the conditions would not be any worse when tho boys
eame back to that which they were when they left.     This very briefly is the case for the men and
women engaged in the production of munitions, but thc story to be told in all its fullness, with all the
details of the employing class rottenness; and its fabulous profits, would take more space than the entire number of columns in this issue.
JACK WARNER
Shipyard Inn
130 FRONT STREET
Refreshment of Every
Description Supplied
Night or Day
NOTHING BUT
UNION HELP EMPLOYED
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL '
Lowest Possible Passenger Fares
EASTEKN DESTINATIONS
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendant*
Travel Comfort
Conanlt Our Nearest Ageut or Write
DISTBIOT PASSENGER AOENT, 806 HASTINOS W., VAHOOUVEB
Telephone Seymour 2482
Shipbuilding
At tho commencement of the shipbuilding programme of thc I. M. B. on
this coast the usual cry of a shortage
of labor was sent out. Men woro
brought hero from tho provinco of Quo-
bee and othor eastern points. Had
thero really boen a shortngo of labor
on thc .coast, thiB would not havo boen
opposed by labor. Bnt tho fact of
tho mattor was that thoro were numbers of unemployed hero at tho timo.
When tho men wore brought from tho
oust, labor waited upon the I. M. B.
in Victoria and put tho situation boforo
Air. Butchart and his associates. Tho
caso wus so apparent after tho men's
side of thc cuso^-had been presented,
that the importation of men was
stopped. Thc easterners, however, wcro
brought here on contract, and an attempt was made to increase the hours
of labor per day. Naturally this was
resented by labor here, and thc organ
izntions lined up to prevent nnything
of this kind being brought about. Now
labor has been accused of impeding
tho production of ships. Lot us examine the facts. When the shipbuilding programme wns started, a deputation of offlcors of labor organizations representing the trades concerned in the
shipbuilding industry, waited upon tho
I, Af. B. and offered the services of
the different organizations in providing
labor. The writer wns ono of that
deputation, Tho deputation askod
that if the men wero needed that thi
organizations bo informed, On behalf
of the organizations tho deputation
promised that they would thon secure
them from whatever source was necessary if tbey eould not be found in the
district. These men knew that the
organizations had tho necessary machinery to secure labor, and could get
it at tho shortest possiblo notice, and
that by dealing with tho organizations
there would be tbo least possible friction. What, however, wat tho attitude
of tho I. M. B.7 Not it single man was
secured from the organizations. Every
move that was made by the I. M. B.
was calculated to cause friction. Men
that were in nny way prominent in
tlie organized labor movemont were
compelled to walk the streets, while
men were brought in from the United
Statos and other points, to the detriment of those residing in tlie district-.
The organizations did not have thc
same troubles with some of iho private
omployers, and not only did thc men
feel tho imbecility of the policy of the
I. At, B., but those in charge of the
yards were sick and tired of the mix-
up that was ever present through the
antics of this aggregation. The shipyards of the province were tilled; insofar as tho administrative positions were
concerned, by political appointees and
friends of thoso higher up, and whose
incompetence cost the nation thousands of dollars and much timo in the
construction of ships.
The record of tho I. Af. B. in tho production of ships is ono of gross stupidity and incompetence. Tho work wns
delayed by tho faulty plans and details
of construction.    Work wns dono and
wore erected for gun crews, but no provisions wero mado for tho placing of
a gun. Bockhouscs erected at tho stern of
the ships had to bo taken down after
completion and moved forward in order to provido accommodation for
guns. This kind of thing cost tho nation money onough to have paid tho incrcaso in wages asked for by the workers, who after eleven months' negotiations wero compelled to strike for
tho wages promised by tho I. Af. B.
in accordance with tho wages paid the
shipbuilding industry in tho United
Statos.
Mining
The same story can bo told as regards
the mining industry. The cost of Jiving was continually going up. The
miners, like other workors, found the
making of ends moot on the wnges received was impossible. Tho metalliferous miners organized and worked to
maintain the standard of living,
Kcgurding Albort Goodwin, orgnnized lnbor did not oppose thc enforcement of the law, after it was passed,
although it opposed its passage, but
knew tho fads as to the treatment of
Goodwin, lte had worked for thc
metalliferous miners and ns a result
came under the displeasure of tho niin
ing interests. On boing medically ex
amined for the army, he was placed ii
a class that precluded him from military service. But his activities wero
not welcomed by the employers, and he
was recalled for medical examination
ami placed in another class that,
brought him under the necessity of
donning khaki. Organizod labor knew
that Goodwin was not tilted for military service. lie suffered with an ul-
fcerated stomach and miners' asthma,
and his life was more or less of a burden to him owing to his physical condition, and it was theso facts that organized labor considered when it decided to protest.
Turning lo tlie coal mining industry
the striko that occurred in Fernie and
send overseas, tbo attitudo of tho powers that be has been to get mon as
cheaply as possible, and to give a miserable pittance to tbo dependents of
those that shouldered tho guns. In order to raise monoy to relievo tho conditions of the soldiers' dependents the
Canadian Patriotic Fund was instituted. PoBsibly woll meaning busy-
bodies took charge of the administration of this fund. The livos and histories of tho dependents wcro looked
into by theso peoplo beforo
tho dependents were granted relief from the fund raised for
their benefit. Organizod labor opposed
this institution. It took tho stand that
if thc nation needed thc services of the
men oversens, that thc government
should care for tho dependents, and
thnt there should bc no charily attached to it. If men were willing to
take a chance of losing their lives in
the interests of the nation, then the
nation should pay for it, by taking care
of the dependents of the men who were
serving tho nation. Is Ihere anything
wrong wilh that policy? Why should
Ihe soldier*' dopendonts have been objects of charity and be subject to the
attentions of pettifogging busybodies
who. in their narrowmiidcdness, took
exception to Ihe dependents of the men
overseas taking pari in any amusement
to relieve Hip monotony of tlieir lives,
and (o tlieir having clean and comfort*
able condilions, and propor rainment.
Yet this is tho kind of treatment thai
wns the lot of soldiers dependents. And
whnt wns the result? Mon saw tho
treatment handed out to tho lived ones
that were left bohind, and Ihe enlistments fell off, and the policy of con-
scription was introduced. This policy
organized labor opposed. It opposed it
[beeause it knew taht il. was on compulsory military service that German mill-
I tary system was built, It opposed the
(inscription  mensure because  it real
district was occasioned    through    tho | izod that the working clnss was giv
onditions in ihe mines.   Ihe minors Inff all/and the-ruling class was taking
had specific and scientific informal
as to tho conditions in Ihe mines; they
knew that unless thc mines were allowed to nool off that n disaster was inevitable, and so they sought to secure
their safely. TIow were they met?
They were* told that they could not lte
given the protection so necessary, as
it would be unprofitable. To prove this
the employers stated that if tin
agree lo cert
ter of wages, that Ihey could have tlie
one shift per day.    This the miners
rle in view of the r
all.   In many instances organizod labor
took the stand that, if manpower was
to bo conscripted, so should Ihe wealth
of the nation. That until Ihe machinery
of production was turned over to the
people,  and  the  profiteering    in     the
manufacture of munitions  and    foodstuffs was done nwny with, lhat con-
..scriplion should not be imposed on Ihe
.  woul'11 people.   11 is true that lho voluntary!
i'1-iiti i-onees-.si.uis in th.' n *'t-|Syflton, ^i commenced to shown signs
f breaking down, but that wns because
I of the reasons already outlined.    And
had
and
What's in a Name?
To nndovUIa tht word "Orpbtan"
meant tbe beat tn tbe world—to Vucouver tbe
Orpheum Cafe
meus tbt belt tatlng pltce in tews;
music ud dtnclng ln tht tTtstnf.
Drop Id my time. Bluett union
home ln VueoBTtr.
762 OBANVILLB        Opp.  Orpin*
Lleenie Mo. 10*1756
ORPHEUM
^THEATRE1 x
PLAYING ORPHEUM MR-
CUIT VAUDEVILLE
| Matinee 2:30 |
j Evening! 8:20 I
Clothing and Furnishing
STORE FOB UNION MEN
It pays to patronize a real UNION STOBB. Thc B. C.
Clean Towel Supply Company informed us that we were the
only Men's Furnishing Storo that refused to take towels from
them during thc Laundry Strike.
Buy your Christmas presents from a Heal Union Store that
supports Union men and women.
THE JONAH-PRAT CO.
401 HASTINGS STREET WEST
PSICES THE BEST IN TOWN
Armstrong's Welding Shop
REMOVED to 1733 MAIN ST.
WE WELD ALL METALS.   RANGE BOILERS FOR SALE.
PHONE FAIRMONT a.i«n
S5.00 for $.400
$5.00 for $4.00
The Canadian Government
will sell you
WAR-SAVINGS STAMPS
nidi) not concerto in view of thc rising if ,),„ macMnory of 'production
•totot living, and as a rosult ihey, linfl J boon tnkon over by tho pooplo
to strike nnd the minea woro closed for Lporatod for tho benefit of the peoplo,
about six weeks, not becauso of (hi
minors, but becauso it waa not profitable for the oporators to give tlio eon*
ditions tlmt, would safeguard the lives
us fnr as possiblo of the minora. And
so it has been all down the line, Huge
profits and patriotism for tho employers. High cost of living mid strikes
and villification fnr the workers.
National Questions
Prom the commencement of tho gov*
torn down time after time.    Quarters ernment's  policy of raising troops to
t (here is not a man in the organizations
j tbnt would not have fought to defend
| thut position. But no. That would
! never do. The patriotic who wero en-
; gagod in making huge profits out of
tho niition'n needs would have their
I profits taken away. Men's lives were
! nothing to tho sacredness of property
I and the class-ownership of the means of
j wealth production.   Conscript tho men,
but touch not tho means by which the
' (Continued on page 4)
At $4.00 Each Now
And Buy them Back
on January 1st, 1924
AT $5.00 EACH
Meanwhile Your Money is Absolutely Safe
Ten W.-S.S. on a Certificate is a Government
Pledge for $50.00
16 Thrift Stamps costing 25 cents each
will secure one W.-S.S,
 SS-m
SOLD WHEREVER
TOU UI THU SIGN PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT...
..December 20, UU
THE FIRST UNION CIGAR STORE IN VANCOUVER
The Mainland
Cigar Store
The Plaoe for Pipes
310 CARRALL STREET
Buy your smokers' Christmas Gifts at a Union store.
Boxes of Cigars, Union made, 10's $1.00 to $1.25 per box
Boxes  of 25  Union-made Cigars,  all thc  leading brands,
$2.00 to $2.75 per box.
Also a wonderful selection of Brier Pipes, both in cases and
separate, at remarkably low prices.
An extra special valuo at $2.00—a fine Brier Pipe in leather
case, with fine bakclitc stem, practically unbreakable. This
pipe would be good value at $3.00, but wo havo about 40 of
thom.   Your choice $2.00 each. '
Ladies may purchase Cigars or Pipes here for Christmas
gifts and be sure to got reliable expert advice on anything pertaining to Cigars, Pipes, ete.
LABOR'S ANSWER TO THE
RULING CLASS CAMPAIGN
OP VILLIFICATION
Many a Man*
thinks he is
wearing a
fttit
when he isn't.
Tho Seal of Cortttinty is sown
in tho pookot—tho labol and tho
prico clearly statod.
Somi-roady Tailored Suits aro
designed in good stylo and tailored with prcciso silk stitched
and perfect insido tailoring.
Suits at S25 and $30 aro as
well tailored as thoso at (36 to
(SO.
Thomas & McBain
655 GRANVILLE STBEET
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
That Minimum Wage
A moro man started in to Jill up one
Of the Minimum Wago Board forms,
oontaining tho details of expenditure
noccssary for a "prudent self-importing" working woman to livo an "reasonable comfort."
Ho filled in tho first half of tho list
of 34 items, the largest of which were
"meals," for which he allowed less
than $1 a day, and "room," for which
he allowed considerably Icbs than 50
«ents a day, the rest being clothing
and dry goods, for which he put down
modest sums in each case. On totalling
up, ho found he had already madg the
requirements amount to $840 per annum.
Tho second half of the Hst contained such items as hats, medicine and
•dentistry, amusements and holidays, association dues, insurance, church contributions, etc., etc., etc.; but as $70
a month was already required to covor
More Clerks Than Needed.
Washington. — Socretary of Labor
Wilson says reports indicate that thoro
are more clerks in this city than tho
government needs. "Persons in different sections of tho country," ho says,
'' who are contemplating coining to
Washington for work, boforo lenving
their homes should got renewed assurance from some authorizod governmont
offlcin! in Washington that thoy are
needed."
I Street Car Men Gain-
Tronton, N. J.—Stroet Car .Men's
Union No. 540, whoso members aro
employed by the Tronton and Mercer
Cotmtiy Traction Corporation, havo
raised wages of motormen and conductors from 38 cents to 42 cents an hour
for straight time and to 45 cents an
hour for overtime; The union secured
wage increases from 2 to 11 cents an
hour for other employes.
HOME OFFERED
School boy for company and light
chores, in country near school and
High school.
I.D.F., FEDERATIONIST
OFFICE
J. F. BURNS
Leather Goods Store
Ladles' Hand Bags a Specialty
AU Kinds of High Grade
Travelling Ooods
619 ORANVILLE STBEET
Phone Sey, 2114   Vanconver, B.O.
The Original
Fish and Poultry
Economy Market
T       C* *• «f ^ Hastings West
1 WO OtOreS [ 66 Hastings East
(Continued from pnge 3)
profiteers bled the nntion to death in
the tihie of ita travail.
Tho policy of villification has been
carried on for the purpose of causing
diversion in tho ranks of tho working
olass. Tho ruling class is well aware
that by dividing tho ranks of tho working class that their power to rule is
secure. So this method has been adopted, in order to prevent any joining of
forces between tho industrial workers
and the soldiers. But tbeir efforts will
fail. The interests of tho soldiers and
the workers aro at all times identical.
Look at Germany today and what do
wo find. Wo find that tho soldiers and
tho workers aro forming into one
avenging forco. So it was in Russia,
so it is in France, and tbo Old Land,
nnd so will it be in the U. S. A. and
other countries. Labor has no apologies to make to tho soldiers. Labor
can wait tho time until the soldiers will
have shaken off tho effoct of tho lies
and slander of thc press, which has
printed tho lying information, br misinformation, for tho bonefit of the ruling clitss propaganda among thc men
overseas. Speciul editions havo boon
published for tho cspocial benefit of
tho mon who did thc fighting, and In
tho laat election tho facts woro not
placed beforo them, but tho information was withhold. Tho soldiers'
women-folks wcro given votes, and
then thoy wero intimidated into voting
for tho snmo gang that denied to them
the right to live in comfort and subjected them to the machinations of
charity and pottifogging busybodies.
Thc literature sent ovorseas by tho opponents of thc government was suppressed, and did not reach tho men
over thoro until after tho election was
over. In one caso a labor candidato
sent his brother copies of tho Federationist at different times, showing tho
position taken by labor. Tho copies,
however, did not reach him until five
weeks after the election, and nt that
time ho was stationed in Englnnd, nnd
no excuse could bo found for their nondelivery, except that it was not de-
sirablo that tho information therein
should reach the troops. In fact, this
man did not know that his brother was
a candidate, as thc letters giving this
information were delayed in transit to
Franco. More can ba told of thc rottenness of tho government, nnd tho ruling
clasa of whicli the government is but
the executive committeo, but space will
not permit. But tho following records,
incomplete though they are, will show
that whilo thc ruling class was making unheard of profits ont of the nation's need, and at the same time vil-
lifying labor; that labor was producing the munitions of war, was doing
tbo fighting and the suffering, and in
addition Jabor at homo waft doing its
bit to lick tho industrial kaisers in this
country, and at tho samo time was cn-
doavoring to keep conditions in this
land from getting to thc stato whero
thoy would only bo Buitablo for the
Asiatics, who in many casos woro employed in the places of tho mon who
wore fighting for liberty nnd democracy overseas. Labor has nothing
to apologize to the soldiers for; but
the ruling class has; and when tho soldiors como back and have to faco tho
conditions that they will have to in thc
near future, and when thoy realize
that this same class is tho cause of all'
tho troublo and tho suffering that thoy
havo yet to undergo, as woll as tho
sufferings their dependents hnve undergone in thoir absence, then thc soldiors
will lino up with the membera of their
own class, and mete out that measure
of condemnation that tho ruling class
is so evidently trying to stave off. Thoy
will realize that in spite of tho plausible lies of thc ruling cluss and its
mouthpiece the press, that tho workers havo but ono foo, nnd that is tho
ruling class of the world, who by the
powor that thoy now possess can causo
war, or prevent it, can make profits out
of it when it docs come, and is tho only
causo of all thc sufferings of tho working class to which tho soldior ns well
as the industrial worker belongs,
Tho following are somo of tho records
of tho organizations that havo been
dominntod hy German influonco, etc,
etc., ad nauseaum. Let tho ruling class
produce its records of deeds and of profits during the past four yenrs. Labor
will bo willing to tako tho blamo if any
is coming. In tho meantime, let the
press and tho ruling class cease its
villification; for as justico is now meted
out to tho workers, so will it bo meted
out to thoso who now control tho reins
of govornment by tho workers in duo
season.
METALLIFEROUS AND
GOAL MINERS' UNIONS
-X*****
•H-M-***
*******
******
Reports Are Far from Being Complete But Sufficient to
Indicate Nature of Response in
British Columbia
******
******
******
******
AT THE commencement of the war it will be remembered that
conditions in the mining mindustry in oommon wit]i many
others were somewhat parlous. Hundreds of long resident miners
had already departed for other fields and many to other countries.
In addition to these facts the eall.from Britain fer industrial workers
was readily responded to and thc commissioners enrolled men freely
from the mining camps for this purpose. Many aliens have been
introduced in British Columbia and, particularly on the Island, the
Asiatic miner has displaced thc white by hundreds. Therefore any
comparisons of number of enlistments to miners employed would be
completely misleading unless these facts are also considered in connection with the very incomplete returns from thc whole of the province.
* ►minos, tho socond day ho was working
upon his icturn.
MANY FROM DIST. 18
WENT TO THE FRONT
Compliments of the Season
to our Patrons
Our Motto is "Quality."
A Number of Well-known Miners from
Both Western Provinces Have
Fought in France
District 18 of tho United Mino Workers of America comprises Western Alberta as well as Eastorn British Columbia and haB equalled if not surpassed
any other section of the country for
enlistments. Fernio has been mentioned a few times as the city holding tho
record. Many enlisted oarly, tho 54th
Battalion boing among tho finest that
loft tho country. Subsequent thoroto,
as the call went forth for medical corps
men and tunncllors, response was always prompt from theso mineworkcrs.
As tunncllors, many of our men enlisted who had long passed the ago of
50 and in a few instances having passed 00, "Big" Tom Saunders of Fornie,
with tho Tunnollcrs, being a' worthy
example.
Among those who loft tho district
tho following acted in an official capacity and wore both very popular and
woll known:
John Larson
John Larsen of Lethbridge served
for many yoars as n district executive
board member. Ho was onc of the old-
timers who gnvo yeoman servico in
the early days, when it was anything
but agroeablo work attempting to organize tho lignite miners of the Loth-
bridge district. Jabk took part in tho
negotiating of tho 1015 miners' agreement, and wns nlwnys recognized as a
trustworthy official. He took his stand
fearlessly on any question coming boforo the board. He most enrnoBtly discussed tho call for men with his friends,
nnd though he had a wifo nnd n num
ber of children, he wont over, and
leaven tho aforementioned and others
to mourn his loss.
Jack Price
From Colemnn, Altn., nn old South
African veteran, with wifo and six or
soven children, in the person of Jack
Price, went overseas. He was a vory
activo member and wus a candidato for
district president some years ago. Jack
wasn't long in France beforo ho made
tho sacrifice. *
Olcm Stubbs
Among those of whom it is more
pleasing to write, inasmuch as we shall
have the opportunity of having him
among us, is Clement Stubbs. Clem
wont away with tho 198th Battalion,
ranking ns a lieutenant. He was twico
wounded, but returned to duty. Ho
wns an ex-president of District 38 and
possibly the most brilliant young man
produced by the district. His conducting of the case for tho miners during
tho 1911 strike, with tli'c Dr. Gordon
"Lemieux" board, will ovor be ronton.'
Mrod. His keen lnwyer-likn conduct
wns equal to every occasion. He was
n brilliant orator, and spoko well either
in public or in a conversational wny,
We shall havo lots of room for men
like Stubbs upon their return.
Tom RIni rinore and '' Old'' Rill
Archer, quite an active member in the
district, went over with tho Tunnelling
Corps. Bill cainn back owing to rheumatism, only to loso his life by mooting with nn accident nt tho Blalrmore
a driver at P. Burns/ Ho wns a fine
shot and a keen sport. Ho wus one
timo mauled rathor badly by a bruin
just outside Fernie. Ho had bccii active service prior to this last war.
B.Ily dropped in a shell-hole to avoid
another coming over, but misjudged
tho coming ono, for it droppod right
on him in the shell-holo.
Of Fernie's active and faithful members, none woro much more bo tban
Brothors Joo Lcyland and Sam Brown,
especially the latter. Sam was a regular attendant and wns rapidly coming
to tho front in the movement just before leaving. Brother Lcylund will be
rememborcd as ono who was ever ready
with his services at a social or concert
at the piano.
Among tho youngor lads who will
long be romomberod in their different
circles woro Tommy Martin, son of
Dave Martin; Pitt-boss Joo Foaron,
Thos. Quince aud Jos. Dingsdale.
Oeo. Wilde, an old-timer of Fornie
and Michel, onlistcd from Hillcrest.
Goorge was a survivor of tho Hillcrest
explosion, where 187 lives wcro lost.
Wo learn that following tho dropping
of a shell, nothing more of Georgo was
e;or soon. Ho was always a good old
scout and a hard worker in turn in
Fernio, Michol and Hillcrest local
unions.
Nearest Georgo whon ho mot his
doath waB Harvey Wallace, a well-
known charactor throughout District
18, son of Jim Wallace, mail carrier,
Fernie. Harvey onlistod from Drumheller, was taken a prisoner, and spent
considerable timo in tho German camps,
making Holland some weeks beforo the
signing of the armistice. Hnrvey's description of Hfo in prison camp will, wo
opine, be hard to bent.
Tho following is a list of members
of the Gladstone (Fernie) local who
joined tho army:
George and Leonard Eichardson, Kd.
Gibson, W. A. Sherman, Hy Joinson,
11. Quigg and brother, Johnny Miller,
J. Young, J. Haile, James Corrignn,
Joe Gill, D. Cash, C. Hoskoth, Thos.
Martin, B. Artherton, Tom Miscisco,
Cooper Stevenson, Fred Talbot, Cnin
Williams, Tom Sounders, Jimmy Jones,
Harrison, T. Trafford.
S. Smith, J. Boardman, J. Drew, Jim
Davidson, J. Kliinuck, G. Evans, A.
Smith, J. Tynmins, Ed. Fielding, Hy
Joinson, M. Mulligan, James Lowe,
Tom Phillips, Jack Cartmcll, Peto Dnw-
son, J. Kerns, Hitchmough, J. B. Riley,
J. Oydosik, John Martin, J. Mitchcl.
C, Clnrke, Birtwistlo, J. Lyons, R.
Billsbourghor, T. Wakoland, Jack Hnr-
graves, Albert Cnrtlidgo, L. Blakmoro,
D. Englnnd, Bill Gregory, T. Wilson, J.
Bough, Sr., L. Bonnell, J. Odskell, T.
Joinson, Thomas Martin, W. Nee, Ed.
Hollinshead, W. L. Phillips, Ed. Moon,
F. Beale, H. Cartmcll, W. Branch.
Jack Smith, G. Linn nnd G. Linn, F.
Clnrkstonc, Hirst, H. Martin, Town-
send, T. Woods, Joe Leyland, Pete Kennedy, Danny Marlcland, Macnally, Jim
Vickers, G. Pollard, J. Smith, Coy Bryant, Ben Drew, Pote Mulligan, J.
Bough, Jr., Sandy Bunch, T. Smith,
Peto Joinson.
Fornie and Coal Creek minors who
mado tho supremo sacrifice:
Leonard Richardson, William Richardson, William Forsyth, William Wilson, Poter Joinson, ' Adnm Howicson,
David Logan, Thomas Shields, James
Corrigan, Pasqualo Porri, Joseph Ley-
land, James Steolo, William Price,
John Gaskill, John Bough, Thos. Wake-
lorn, Thos. Quince, John Anderson, Joseph Fparon, Chnrles Clarke, Alex.
Bunch, J. C. Rood, Hugh McLarkcy,
Robt. Stewart, Ernest Wilson, Sam
Poxon, Jos. Dingsdale, Thomas Martin,
Frank Townsend, Jack Appleby, J. H.
Myers, Poter Green, Waltor Harrison,
Robt Forsy tho, Fred Talbot, Wm.
Grant, Geo. Evans, Thos. Sowers, Tom
Dixon, Wm. Shenfleld, Harry Branch,
Hoctor Murray, Tom Phillips, Angus
Dunlap.
FIFTY FROM SILVERTON
MINERS JOINED ARMY
Local 95 of the International Union of
Mill and Smelter Workers
Provided Large Quota
"Socialism in Our Time—Voto as
You Strike" is tho flrst scntenco which
meets the eye on thc official letterheads of this organization, while their
soul carries the statoment "Wo Want
Justico." Tho following is tho list of
men from tho Silverton enmp who
found their way into khaki:
Tony Scala, Joe Dunn, Wm. Cond,
Jobi Prico, Konnio Mclnnis, Kcnnie
McDonald, Thomas Ede, Walter Swan,
Fred Rose, Thomas Kelly, B. Brodio,
Wililam Rico, Berry Jacobson, Hughic
O'Ncil, Wm, Evcrton, oJe Bird, Alox.
FERNIE CONTRIBUTION
TO CANADIAN FORCES
Big List of Men from Fernle and Ooal
Creek Who Laid Down
Their Lives
evon a passing refcronce to all beyond
tho recording of thoir names.
With the 235th, among many othor
notables, wero W. L. Phillips, ox-president of District 18. Phillips was ono
of thoso progresBivo spirits who can
ill bo spared during tho presont period.
Ho was an excellent speaker, a keen
observer, and a great student of nature.
Hla letters from tho front woro a lit-
orary treat, and gave descriptions of
"Lifo in Flandors." But for tho con-
sor, wo would have rocoived much additional information from BUI. Ho knew
tho kind of news that would Intorest
our roaders, but during war times was
forood to refrain from sonding it.
Ho wbb a strong aupportcr of Keir
Hardio whon homo in South Wales, and
upon coming to British Columbia was
not long in identifying himself with
tho Socialist Party of Canada. Fornie,
Michel, Calgary nnd Lothbridge audiences will rocall Phillips and his propaganda talks.
He would havo been valuable to our
movement had ho returned, but ho paid
the supreme sacrifice on Octobor 28
last. His brother Tom, an accomplished musician, mado tho sacrifice tho
following day.
Among the homes which will nover
forgot tho world wnr wo will montion
a fow: Tho Richnrdsons of Fernio.
Mr. and Mrs. Richardson had throe
sons and one daughter: tho sons,
George, Billy and Leonard. Billy nnd
Leonard enliatcd voluntarily. Leonard
shortly afterwards mnde the sacrifice,
only to bo shortly followed by his
brother Billy. This naturally was more
or less oxpected from France, but to
add to all tho horror for the Rich-
nrdsons, George, tho only Hon at homo,
was ono of tho 34 victims of tho Fernio
No. 3 explosion.
Dr. and Mrs. Corsan's caso was another of this kind. Tom, the oldest
son, was severely wounded, but latort
aftor a long hospital spell, had an extraordinarily dolicato oporation performed nnd was ablo to got around.
The third son, Stuart, was juat leaving
Fornio for Franco when word was'rocelvod that Kennoth wns killed. Stuart
was not long at tho front boforo ho
also paid the price.
Mr. and Mrs. Goo. Wilson lost two
of thoir sons, William and Ernost, two
well respected ladB who lived for years
In Fornie.
Peter Joinson, who could bn recalled
as au extraordinary fino footballor, will
bo known as nbout tho smallest man
chasing tho leather in the major teams,
no played nt different times for both
(he Conl Creek nnd Fornio teams,
Harry Martin, secretary of the Fernie Miners' Union, lost two brothors.
Ono would bo woll known—"Tom" as
an ngent for tho I.C.S. The other
brother was for somo limo blacksmith
at the M. F. and M. -shops, Fernio.
William Prico was about tho first vol-
untoor in Fernio. Billy was an old
miner but at the time of leaving waa
ONE-THIRD OF MICHEL
MINERS HAVE ENLISTED
Twenty Members of Th's Branch gf
United Mine Workers Made
Their Last Efforts
From thie small camp in tho Crow's
Nost Pass no less than 08 men loft with
tho ovorsoas forces. Thoir membership
was continued without indebtedness to
tho men themselves, whilo thoso who
remained contributed freely .to all loeal
funds for war relief purposes, besides
paying a percentage of their earnings
to tho patriotic fund. A briof sentence
in a communication from Michel voices
that fooling of responsibility for tho
wolfare of absent comrades which induces tho discharged of an accepted
duty, no matter who elso may bo lax—
"Our childron knit socks for the boys
overseas, whother thoy got them or
not!"
Sergeant T. G. Harries of Michel,
but lator of tho Drumheller field, left
what is rccognizod as good work nnd
enlisted. Tom was most active in the
movemont.    For many years he was
SEROT. T. O. HAEEIES, OF MICHEL,
knight of tho gavol at Michel and was
one who nevor failed to maintain do-
corum.
Ho was most notivo in tho 1011
striko. Following this ho served a
torm on tho internntionnl exocutive
board. He waB later joint Becrotary
of tho Passburg, Maplo Leaf and nnd
Burmls local unions. TheBo mines lator
closed down and it was then that Tom
left for tho Drumhollor field, from
where ho onlistod and later paid tho supremo sacrifice.
FORTY ENLISTMENTS AT
SOUTH WELLINGTON
Members of This Branch of the United
Mine Workers Assessed $1 Per
Month for Patriotic Fund
Tho list of names is not to hand of
over forty membors of the South Wellington Local who joined the militnry
and naval forces. All except two are
still serving. Tho returned mon aro
Charles Greon and Robort Fnrrish.
JOHN LARSON, LATE OF LETHBRIDGE
MeDougall, Stanloy Howitt.
Bruce McClclInn, Eugene Angusluzzc,
Ernest Hnnnrahau, Leslie Gear, Richard Carpenter, J. P. Weston, Thomas
Burt, Bert Brndbcrry, Percy Hayward,
James Deo, Albort White, Oscnr Rosen-
dale, Robert Swan, Al. Peterson, Sam
Watters, S. Wotterhuus, Jim oJhnson,
Dan Munro.
Poter Mondoux, James Rapor, Wm.
Jones, John A. Mclnnis, Frank Einlund,
Win Stewart, Allen Dods, Ed. Lane,
Joe Mondoux, David Logan, James
White, Mnrtin Beadle, Chas. Bumnn,
M. A. McLeod, Hughic McMaster, Harold Jenkins, Burt Cars, Joo Burloy.
MINERS FURNISH 99%
OF PATRIOTIC FUNDS
Employees of Canadian Collieries at
Cumberland Provide Most of
$43,463 So Far Collected
As an aftermath of the big islnnd
striko tho organization of tho miners
of Cumberland District was carried on
under difficulties which cnn scarcely
bo appreciated by thoso unaware of tho
local conditions. While no roll hns
been kept it is asserted that some 300
men havo enlisted from this neighborhood. Tho dependents of thoso who
havo gone to the front have received
better financinl nssistanco than at any
othor point in Canada. Furthermore,
no salaries aro pnid in connection with
its distribution.
(Coutinucd on pago 0)
COWAN   ft    BROOKHOUSE
PRINTERS  AND  PUBLISHERS
Printers to Tb* rid-sxttloolit
Tlf»   PfldsratlnnlHt   It   produced   from
Mi   awUro   newiptpcr   printing   plant.
Excelsior Laundry
Limited
554-556 Richards Street
Vancouver
Drop Calls can be made
after hours
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Tiat Creamy Lather
and iJoei Hot Dry oa ths Fac*
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stlok or Oak*
Manuf actured ln BrltlBh Colombia
Dentistry!
Orowni, BrldgM and FlUutn
nidi tha una shade u yoa ava
matural taath.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Opea evening!  7:80 to   R.St.
Dental none In attend*do*.
COB.   OBAWILLS   AHD   BO»»OS
BTBBBTS
Ow Owl Drag atom
Phona far. BBSS
King up Phone Seymour 2354 for
appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Buite'301 Dominion Building
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
You will not
be "soaked"
4 So many people neglect
•s tbelr eyea even wbea thtj
know tbey ihould bar*
tbem attended to—wbea
tbey know tkey ihould be
wearing glasses — beeaua
tbey are afraid they will
be overcharged—and be-
eanie of tbe uncertainty of
tbe coet.
t_ I want any of you union
men wbo feel that yoa
may require glanei—you
or yonr wives—to eome ln
and let me examine yonr
eyee. Let me tell you what
ia wrong—if anything—
what It will coet to give
yon glaim'tbat will make
eeeing and living more
comfortable.
_ My optical service is tbe
most efficient and the moit
reasonable on the coast.
Seymonr INS
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
OranviUe Optical Oo.
549 OBANVILLE STBEET
Below Drysdale's
7. B. CUTHBERTSON & CO.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
eso Oruvuii sum
•19 Hsatlnfi Strut Wist
WBEN   TBE   OPEBATOB   SATS
"DON'T ANSWEB"
It ii enter for the operator to oomplete a tolephone cal) than to report
"They do not antwer," Bo ussnred
that lha operator ie trying hard to do
her part, and that hor effort Justifies
full confidence and consideration.
B. O. TELEPHONE OO., LAD.
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—TWELVE NEW TABLES—
(BniuwIoaBalae Oollender Oo.)
—Headquarters for Unton Men—
Onion-made   Tobaccos,   Clears   sal
Olfarattea
Only watte Hslp Baploiil
42 Hastings St. East
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
dl Haatinge Itnet Wast
OLELAND-DIBBLE ENOEAV-
1NO OOMPANT
Limited
PBOtO ENOBAVEES — COKMBBOIAL
ABTISTS
Phons Seymour 7169
Third noor, World Bnlldlni
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
—The only Union Shop in Vaneonver—
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1MB GEORGIA STBBBT
One Block west of Court House.
Use of Modern Ohapel and
Funeral Parlora free to all
Patrons,
Telephone leymoar HU
ABGUE!
m
0mohoobc
aceo.
THE LONDOIGRILL
75.?  ROBS I
OmOIAL    PAPEB    TANOOtrVEB
TBADES   tMt)   LABOB   OOOSOIL
TENTH YEAR.   No. 51 ' TWELVE PAGES
Canada's new industrial program
calls (or individual efficiency.
_ The readjustment of social and industrial conditions, beginning now, is a period of great importance to Labor. Individual and collective
efficiency is a matter of prime importance. It is
not going too far afield to make the statement
that efficiency is very largely a matter of teeth.
Well-informed, men who keop in touch with
scientific and sociological advances know thc intimate bearing of good teeth on the matter of
good health; of good health on the matter of
efficiency. No man is 100 per cent, efficient who
is short of even one tooth. With the deterioration of the dental equipment there comes—inexorably—deterioration of health and efficiency.
_ Lot mo replace your decayed or
missing tooth with now ones that
will do tho work us well as Naturo 'a tooth at thoir best.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Oppe-itte
Woodward'i
DR. LOWE
Fine Dentistry
HASTINOS AND ABBOTT
HAPPY REMINDERS FOR
CHRISTMAS GIVING
APPROPRIATE—HANDSOME—USEFUL
We's stockrd each of oar six stores witb full linos of handsome Xmas gifts as
you'll flnd In Vancouvor.
DROP  IN  AT   OUB  NEAREST   STORE—YOU'LL  FIND
SOMETHING THERE POR EVERY ONE ON YOUR LIST
A fow suggestion* from our hundreds of offerings:
THERMOS  BOTTLES
Kocps contents hot for 24 hours
$2.25 to $6.00
THERMOS KITS
Tho ideal method of carrying lunches
$4.25 to  $5.00
SHAVING EQUIPMENT
Raiors—Gilletto's,   Auto-Strop,   Ever-
Ready,    Oencu—in    Safeties—and    a
full lino ot straight razors.
Strop-i  $1.00 to $6.00
Brushes   S5c to fG.OO
Shaving    Soap,     Shaving    Cream—
After-the-Shava lotions of all kinds.
HOT   WATER  BOTTLES
In   best  quality   Rubber   (guaranteed
for two years)  $2.60 to $3.50
In Aluminum  $5.00
DAYLO FLASHLIGHTS
Ono of thn most useful littlo gifts on
tho   marki't—-ean  ho  recharged.    All
styles—-aU prices.
CIGARS
All the popular brands ln Xmas Gift
Bcxea   86c and up
El Doro-Majcstic—25's  $2.60
El   Sldelo-Lily—25's   $2.60
Simon's Roosovolt—25's  $2.60
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
LIMITED
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIM STORB:
406 Hastings Street West Phones Sey. 1865 and 1068
BRANCH STORES:
7 Hastings Street West Seymonr 5532
782 Granville Street Seymonr 7013
Oor. Granville and Broadway Bay 2314 and 1744-0
412 Main Street Seymour 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 236 and 1733-0
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
315 HASTINOS ST. WEST
Vancouver, B. 0.
have boon established in business horo for 29 yoars.
Wo aro thc Pioneer Clothing Storo of the city. Wo havo clothed
the boy through all the stages to manhood. We are now clothing
the socond gonoration.
Everything the man and boy wears but the boots can be found
hore.
SATISFACTION GUARANTEED.*
UNION STORE.
Christmas Slippers
It's Sllppor Season again, and wo'vo spread a rogular Slipper feast.
SIJPPEItS FOR MEN, WOMEN AND CHILDREN
SLIPPERS FOR EVERYBODY
Now Is tho timo to muke your selections.   Tho picking is at its bost.
Boar in mind that wo'ro a UNION STORE.
Ingledew Shoe Co.
000 GRANVILLE STREET.
T.B.Hill'sSpecial
Xmas Offerings
$:)0.00 Suits     $21.75
$35.00   Overcoats     $20.50
Boys' $15.00 Suits for       $9.50
$7.50 Stetson Hats       $4.75
80c Leather Muleskin Gloves for          50(*
With tlie compliments of the season we beg to inform tho
public that this is our Clean-up Salo.
Our goods arc exactly as stated.
T. B. HILL
117 HASTINOS STREET EAST
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 20,   1918"
ornoiAL rtraa umn nt
uiibia nraiATioa or uso*
ita Taoc-nvtrv
\ OUT, 19.1)0 ;
$1.50 PER YEAR
W. R. TEOTTER
Official aldermanic candidate of tho Federated Labor Party in Ward Three.
s
Number of Officers and the
Lesser Lights Acting
Like Rowdies
All the Speakers Scorn Government's Censorship
Regulations
A meeting, held undor tho auspices
of the Victoria Trades and Labor Council in tho Columbia Theatre on Sunday,
OPPOSE ALLIES*
The Seattle Russian Group
Calls Upon Labor to
Aid Soviet
Action Squares with Principle of Self-Determination of Nation
Tlie Russian Workers Council of So-
attic, Wash., expresses brotherly greetings for Labor's firm and undaunted
waa the occasion for somo lively doings, struggle in the cause of deliverance of
It was evident from tho start that
thoro was an organized schemo on foot
to offset the efforts of the labor Bpoak-
ors in their protest against tho tyrannical and arbitrary methods of tho
order-in-council government at Ottawa.
Mr. J. Dooley, president of tho Trade*
and Labor Council presided.
t Specinl notico was drawn to tho ot-
titude of some occupants of tho balcony. In ono campact crowd sat ten
officers, mostly second Houtcnants, and
these offlcors (and gentlemen!) wore
untiring in thoir interruptions nnd interjections, ono of them ropoatodly
jumping np and down in his excitement,
shaking his cane at the stage in a most
ludicrous mannor. All around this
rallying point tho satellites, smaller
fry, wore ranged, for cIobo by wore four
or five sergeants, who also tried hard
to distinguish themselves, but while
thoy wero loud in th'oir talk about
fighting for democracy, thoir actions
entirely bolied thoir words, but doBpitc
this tho majority of tho soldiers present wero with tho lahor speakers.
Mr. Woodward, the flrst speaker, road
a lotter which he had received, asking
thom "to refrain from holding a meeting nnd expressing opinions on subjects
of which they had littlo or no conception, and stating tho workers owed
their living to the masters and it was
prcsumptious on the part of them to
meddlo in thc affairs of the government."
In the course of his speech Mr.
Woodward said that tho censorship
was ostensibly fo aid in winning tho
war, but as the war was now over it
was used to bolster up existing institutions and upset tho workers' plans nnd
organizations. The Socinl Democratic
party had confined its propaganda to
tho dissemination of Socialism, yet it
had been disbanded; tho Bible Students
wonted to worship God in their own
way, and neither the government nor
the devil had any right to stop them.
Tho Bishop of Columbin has a copy of
"Tho Finished Mystery," yet the authorities had not dared* to tako it from
hiii!. Tho no striko order waa opposed
by the workers in Calgary nad tho government stepped down, but because tho
International Biblo Students were in-
offensive and offered no resistance, thoy
had been treated in u most bnrbnrouH
way by thoso in powPr.
Continuing ho said that freo spooch
was the safoty valve, and if the gov
eminent wns riot careful it would wake
up with a revolution on its hands.
Kuropn was seething with revolt and
tho censorship did not offer tho press
any encouragement to speak tho truth
about Russia, Tho Siberian expedition
might bo justified, but how could anyone toll when they didn't know and
were not allowed to know thc facts!
J. Taylor, tho noxt speaker, said we
have got to the closo of a war for
democracy. Some people were of thc
opinion that democracy was of such a
nature that a chunk* of it could bc
packed around in the hip pocket. But
it wns not so portablo and convenient
as that in Canada. When the United
Statea came into tho war certain principles were enunciated by President
Wilson nnd these principles wero not
boing carried out by the Allied governments. Oreat Britain, with all its
faults, had still more political freedom,
not because of the generous naturo of
tho ruling class, but becnuse the workers hnd fought and struggled to obtain
and retain free speech. Now on the eve
of a general election the British I-nbor
party had tnken the stand that there
was no occasion for the expedition to
Russin and were calling for the withdrawal of the troops. The Bolsheviki
were construed by tho press ns a horrible, murderous gang of cut-throats.
But thero waa no evidence to prove it.
Continuing he said that in Russia thc
pooplo had overthrown tho regime of
tho Caar, they had taken tho land from
tho barons; tho pooplo of Russia were
Comrado Tom Mooney from tho hands
of hangmen. We, Russians, are in full
accord with you becauso we throw
tho Czar's ropo a yoar ftgo, and wo
know Mooney's condition bottor than
any other people. Tho demonstration
of Potrograd workers has proven to be
a good examplo of solidarity for you,
and in the nnme of solidarity wo appeal to you, workingmen and working
women of Amorica to do your bit for
the Russian Industrinl Republic.
Wo beg you to consider tho question
of Allied intervention in Russia and
adopt a clear attitudo toward it. This I
step is just as important as doliveranco
of Comrado Moonoy, and the doliver
anco of tho wholo working class from
wago slavery.
In spite of sevcro censuro, in spito
of the   untruths in  tho yellow proBs
(because thoy feared you) regarding
what is going on in Russia, you understand tbo general situation of affairs.
Tho yellow press is trying to convince
you that "Bg Biz" will aid Russia by
sending food products, agricultural implements, engines, shoes and clotheB,
and thot tho Allied governments as a
whole do not intend to interfere in tho
internal affairs of Russia. But you
know that theso aro only words; that
soldiers and machino guns aro boing
sent to Siberia; that streams of human
blood aro flowing all ovor Europe-
blood of Amorican Labor, blood of British Labor, blood of French and Russian
Labor—what fort
Many times wo applied to tho government at Washington, D. C, asking it to
stop the intervention and recognize our
Soviot government, but our voice wore
Hko a cry in the wilderness.
Now wo aro speaking directly to you,
American workingwomen and working-
men, and asking tho reason, for that
slaughter. Aro not sevon million1 but-
chored and crippled human lives enough
for us Russians to givo as a tax to capital, and tens of millions of poor children without fathers, wives without
husbands, afflicted fathers and mothers
sobs not loud onough to bo heard by
you, to causo you to lond a helping
hand to stop that merciless cataclysm!
_ What else is wanted from the Russian people! To give up the Soviot government! But who are tho Soviets, if
not tho very samo Russian people! The
poople havo created thom, defended
them, sacrificed lives for them and will
sacrifico for them—Freedom or Death.
All kinds of governments .wore introduced in Siberia by tho Allies, and all
of them burst liko bubbles. It is obvious whom tho Russian peoplo defend—
Soviets or Countor-Rcvolutionists.
In the early days of intervention the
capitalists tried to convince us that it
wob necessary to expel Germans and
Austrians from Russia. Now they .showod their unmasked face. After tho armistice with Germany tho Allied fist
wants to striko out Russian peoplo from
Russia and call this action "Solf Determination."
It is true that some products are sont
to Siberia, but not with tho purposo of
aiding; it is with tho purpose of bribing n part of tho population and turning thom against tho Soviets. But the
Workers and Peasants Russia is not tho
land of Judas Iscariot. They say: "Wo
do not sell our ideals for thirty pieces
of silver."
Russian Soviets shall not porish oven
if all workers ond peasants will have
to givo up their Hvcb.
Appealing to you, American working-
women and working men, wo do not expect that Allied intervention will bo
recalled tomorrow. Wo do not oxpect
that your voices raised loudly against
intervention will be heard throughout
tho entire world, and that Russian
workera and peasants dying on the battlefield on hearing that voice will not
send a curso against tho Amorican peoplo, but against thoso who aro really
responsible for tho groat sufferings of
the Russian pooplo.
Barbers Wast More.
8t Paul, Minn.—Tho Bnrbora' union
has prepared a new wnge rato which
calls for a weekly minimum of $21 and
60 per cont. of reeoipts above $30 a
weok.
The Absolute
Certainty
of obtaining good material and good workmanship should be sufficient to mako you oar
CBBtomors. This, certainty ia guaranteed by
our long and successful career bi merchant
tailors making, for mon and women strictly
to individual measure; but when you consider Wat ours is the bost stock of woolens in
tha city, that evory garment is UNION
HADE by expert craftsmen of long experience and that our whole endeavors are centred upon giving tho customer satisfaction,
you mutt recognise that you will be doing
yourselves an Injustice to havo your suit (or
overcoat) made by any other tailoring firm.
SUITS
For MEN, $35 np
For WOMEN, $45 np
THE B. C. TAILORING CO.
Custom Tailors to the Working Man
128 HASTINGS ST. E.    ***» *■«■■ *****
_—«-__________»_________«__         (Old FutftgM)    	
VICTORIA METAL TRADES-
ROBERTSON AGREEMENT
Referendum    Bhows   Inclination    to
Maintain present
Agreement.
Tho weekly mooting of the Metal
Trades Council took placo in the Labor
Hall Friday last, Prosidont J. Dak'ora
in the chair.
Credentials from A. S. U. B. Carpenters for Bro. A, Kellow and Electrical Workers for R. 8. Franks were
received and delegates seated. Partial
returns on the roforondum voto on tho
repudiation of tho Robertson agreement showed a majority in favor of retaining tho same. Several organizations yot to bo heard from.
It was decided to Btart a series of
smoking concerts with the object of
raising funds to carry on tho work of
tho council.
In reporting for delegation which
had a conference with Major Livingstone of the Roturned Soldiers' Commission, President Dakors was of thc
opinion that organized labor should do
all possible to assist the work of the
commission.
Delegate Coulter pointed out that the
government should bo urged to rnakc
suitablo provision for tho poor cripples ..whom it was a crying shomo to
put to work, mentioning somo pitiable
cases which had como under hia observation, and was opposod to tho commission, which was a usoloss institution to
deal with tho problem.
Delogate Waterson averred that or*
ganized labor was not an employer and
that whilo organized labor had helped
all it possibly could, governmont aid
was tho only recourse of disabled men.
Accident at Ogden Point, Victoria.
Tho Imperial Munitions Board no* 1
sombly plant added to its rathor unenviable reputation whon, aa the result of
accident on Wednesday, December
12, Bro. J. W. Johnson of tho Shipyard
Laborors, 360, died in St. Joseph'a hospital on Tuesday, December 17; Johnson, who was a machinist's helper, was
assisting in covering the opening for
tho engine room skylight with canvas
when ho overbalanced and fell a, dis*
tance of 15 feot, his head striking the
cylinder top. Ho sustained a fracture
of tho Bkull and lingered for aU daya
in a semi-conscious condition. He
IcavoB a wifo and ono child. This
makes the third fatal accident in the
plant insido of seven months.
Street Oar Men Gain.
Boston.—Wago increases for employeos of tho Bay Stato streot railway,
operating in Enstcrn Massachusetts,
have boen awarded by the national war
labor bonrd. Thc order, fixing a scale
varying from 41 to 45 conts an hour
for motormon and conductors nnd giving an approximate increase of 10 per
cont to othor employees, is rotroactivo
to October 22.
having an cxperionco of liborty such
ns they had novor beforc known, and
why should we want to overthrow
them. If tho system of Russia was
dotrimentnl to tho working class movo-
mont, thon undoubtedly organizod labor
in this country would support tho Siberian expedition, hut what wo do
know docs not warrant that support,
and as the authorities control the news
thc people of Canada do not know the
truth. If tho Siberian expedition is
necessary then why did the government
exerciso the rigorous censorship whicli
at present prevailed, and which was unwarranted? Tho German fleet had been
handed over, their towns and fortresses
occupied, their Kaiser had abdicated;
there was no menace anywhere; sn
what sinister motive was behind the
Canadian government's actions! And
it is time wo had some democracy in
this country, where tho workers are
treated as if thoy had no intelligence,
and our medium of liberty filched from
us nnd froe speech debarred.
"Soldier Explains tho Reasons for thc
Siberian Expedition."
Ono of the sergeant satellites then
took tho platform and in a rambling
manner endeavored to expln'n to the
audionoo the real truth about Russia.
Ho talked about Bolsheviki atrocities,
etc.. but the real tit-bit was this. Ho
said: "We arc going to Siberia as fur
ns I know (laughtor and cries of 'Do
you own uny lots over there?') bceaUBO
Britnin has loaned a great, amount pf
money to Russia. I don't know how
much, nnd fhe Bolsheviki has repudiated the loan money. This is ns
much ours ns anybody's, nnd wo are
going there to get it." (A voice
yelled, "You'll get $1.10.")
Tho following resolution was submitted, but owing to noise nnd interruptions wns aot votod upon:
"Whorens the Canadian censorship
hnd its inception in doplornble ignor-
anco of British institutions and character;
"Whereas its practical application
proved disastrous to the high spirit
and flne morale of the Canadian people,
and
"Whereas its continuance threatens
the peace, security and progress of the
nation;
"Therefore, be it resolved that thin
meeting of workors cnlls on tho federal
govornment to remove nil regulations
which penalize tho workera in tho exercise of their inalienable right to civil
nnd religious liberty."
The platform was taken by a number of irresponsible soldiers, egged on
of courso by thc officers (nnd gentlemen?) element, nnd they amused themselves for a timo by hollering, singing
songs, etc., while thc majority of thoir
comrades in tho body of the theatre
watched their antics with undisguised
disgust, which later on developed into
some very heated debates, in which the
remarks of the labor speakers were
stoutly defended. Tho mooting on the
wholo was a success, as it was soon that
the mental calibro of the disrupters was
of a low ordor, and the questions put
to the spoakors wero in many instances
childish.
Newer Methods Mean-
Better Bread at Reduced Cost
CJINf'IO the adoption nnd use
"■* of the mont modern machinery in America, kneading
1000 loaves in less than 15 minutes, and producing thousands
of loaves in the same, time that
it would ordinarily take thn
housewife to bake a batch of
four, it can easily bc seen that
thc old methods of home bak-
Ing are no longer economical..
And when you consider that
bread baked in the modern
bakeries of today is better than
the very best of home-made
bread, and costing no more
than it did 18 months ago, you
will wonder why you ever waited so long to enjoy thc best
tasting, nut - brown crusted
bread possible to produce.
PRACTICE ECONOMY-BUY BAKERS' BREAD
SHELLY BROS. LIMITED
Phone Pair. 44 PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT -.December SO, 1918
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
PnbUahid ovary Frld«y morning by tb* B. o.
Fedoratlonlat. Limited
A. 8. Walls...
..Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tei. Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Sey   7497K
Sabicription Rates: United Btetei tnd
Foreign, *2.00 per yetr; Canada, 11.50
per year; in Vanoouver City, $2.00 per
yetr; to Unloa* lubacrlblng In * body,
#1.25 per member per yeir.
"Unity of Ubor:  tbt Bop* of tb* World'
TRIDAY December 20, 1918
LAST WEEK, the grand jury at the
assizes in Vancouver, mado a
sweeping condemnation of the conditions under which tho boys -in tho Industrial School wore living. Many peoplo aro very much
THE OBXMB concerned ovor this
AGAINST ghastly  ovidonce  of
HUMANITY tho failure of capitalism to even care
for its young. That tho need for an industrial school such as this -is duo to
the present structure of society, evidently did not atrike thc grand jury.
But it has struck many of tbo working
clasa, becauae it usually happens that
it is thc boys of that class that are incarcerated in such institutions. Wo
havo had many years of social uplift
and moral reforms, but tho causo of tho
eviU that are in ovidenco on every
hand, havo never been sifted na yet by
theso methods of re-creating humanity.
Liko pimples on tho human body, tho
pimples on the body politic show that
tho system is out of order, and that
thc machinery is not working smoothly.
There is no doubt that in practically
overy case, in ao far aa theae boya are
concorned, that investigation would
prove that their environment had not
been Buch aa to produce tho best in boyhood. It may oven havo boen in aome
caaea, that because of tho lack of the
necessities of Ufe, or ordinary comforts,
that thoy had left tho straight and nor-
now path and have broken the 7th commandment. In other caaoa, the defection from tho paths of rectitude can be
traced to surroundings that aro not conducive to right living as laid down by
present-day moralists. There aro others
besides boys that have left the path
that leads to the heavenly regions. The
temptation to get away with that which
tho law says that uo man may have in
his possession. For instance, boozo has
been the cause of a full-grown man
getting into the clutches of the law
recently. That he was not held very
tightly iB no doubt duo to the fact that
his crime was not near so great as that
committed by tho boys who aro incarcerated in the mduBtrial school. Be
that as it may, the fact remains that
under this glorious system of dog eat
dog, a premium is offered to thoso that
can get away with taking that which
"isn't hissen>" or by somo other means
getting somothing for nothing.
♦ * •
Thc crimo against tho boys in the In
dustrial School, howover, is not tho
greatest crime that is committed
against humanity in these enlightened
daya. The orime against humanity is
greater than ill-treating a few boys,
The crimo ia the ill-treating and robbery of tho working class, which in
turn is tho cause of all wrong-doing as
wo know it today. Not a single law
that ia on the statute books places human Hfe boforo private property. Not
a law that has been written since the
inception of human slavery has attempted to deal with tho freeing of
humanity, from the environment which
produces moral perverts, und which
docs not deny tho right of human liberty, and tho right to live and onjoy
thc products of human effort. Not only
that, but every law that has boen written, has been so designed as to fasten
the shackles of Blavery more firmly on
thc limbs of the toiling millions of tho
earth. Thc crime that is being, committed against millions of tho people of
the earth, not onjy against boys and
girls, but against babes, from the day
of thoir birth, is tho denial of tho right
to healthful surroundings and nourishment. Millions of thc children of tho
working class nover breathe pure air or
see, let alune cut, good nourishing food,
unless it be that they sec it being carried to the doors of thc ruling clasa of
society. Why worry about the ill-treatment of a fow boys when thousands
die for the luck of thc common necessities of life. Do away with the breeding ground of crime, and there will be
none. Oet at the roots of the trouble,
which is tho causo of all the ills of
present day society, and thero will be
no need for industrial schools, or prisons, neither will there bo millions underfed and their Uvea blighted by tho
fear uf poverty, and disease. The system, uot tho children, needs correction.
MEMBERS of the working class,
liko othor poople, havo mnny
bad habits, amongst which is
tho hubit of reading the capitalistic
prcBs, but the worst feature of this
fault is that they be-
ANOTHER lieve that which they
APOLOGIST read. Those that are
TAILS addicted to  this per
nicious habit, und particularly those thut read the Morning
Bun, which ahods more or loss light—
mostly leas—on current events and tendencies of the times, will have no doubt
road an article in last Sunday's Sun,
headed '' Bolshevism, Socialism, and
the I. W. W." This intellectual gem
was written by ono named "Bruce."
Having roached tho conclusion of this
article, and also having seen tho name
of thc writer, those that have somo
little knowlcdgo of thc trend of current
events, and who are acquainted with
hiBtory, even such history as is generally taught in thc schoola of this land,
would remember another Bruce, who at
the first offort did not succeed. In
the caso of the older Bruce ho tried
again and again until ho succeeded. He
first—if all records are true—received
his inspiration to try again by watching the efforts of a spider, and while
it is hardly conceivable that a spider
will be able to inspire the modern
Bruco, we would suggest that he also
try again, and it may bo that ho will
fluccecd in fooling someone outside of
himsolf. If there aro any persons that
desire to know what cither Socialism,
or Bolshevism, or I. W. W.'ism "is
not," then we would recommend them
to secure a copy of last Sunday's Sun
and road it.
Dealing with Socialism, thia intellectual giant has tho following to say:
"Farmers are classified as workors so thc land will remain with
thom. But tho factorios and
othor industries, tho buildings of
cities, etc., belong to the men whose
hands constructed them and operate them. Tho capitalist who finds
tho money to build or organize is
to bo eliminated, but the capital
itsolf is to be tho property of the
workors. The man who manages
an industry is to give place to tho
workers who, presumably, know
more about factory management
than ho does."
His statement that "The man who
manages an industry is to give place to
thc workors who, presumably know
more about factory management than
ho does," is a gem; cspocially whon
it is considered that he defines previ-
iaiy—in his attempt to givo inforraa*
tion to tho uninformed—"tho work-
era" as being strictly confined to thoso
that toil with thoir hands. That the
man who is engaged in managing, or
directing the efforts of tho workors in
any industry is strictly a worker, in
so far as his activities arc confined in
this occupation, nover seems to have
struck thia intelligent individual.
Neither has it soernod to strike him
that management is an essential part
of production. Nor has it penetrated
this individuals thing tank that a man
may be both a producor and an exploiter at ono and tho samo time. His
rofereneds ovidently, directed to the
Socialist position "as to whom should
own tljo wealth produced" aro not only
silly but arc but begging the question.
Hero aro his logical deductions on this
point:
"Logically any building, including a man's own homo, must bolong to tho owners of the hands
that laid tho brick, sawed the
boards and drovo the nails.
"Preposterous and fantastic as
those creeds and theories Bound,
they aro nevertheless tho political
and social faith of thousands of
misguided people throughout this
continent.''
With .nueh more of this kind Of reasoning thia apologist of the present
ruling class endeavors to knock out the
props of tho Socialist structure.
In the flrat place, friend Bruco has
not yet realized that today we have
social production. That no maa
these days produces any given commodity, but that they are produced
socially. Ho bos not yet realized that
in the production of a match there are
as many kinds of human labor employed as thero aro in the production
of a battleship, only in lesser proportions. And that for any. man to say
I have producod a houso, a pair of
boots, or ovon a match, would be just
as foolish as is thc statemont that
"logically ony building, including a
man's home, must belong to tho owners
of tho hands that laid the bricks," etc.
Tho Socialist, however, realizes that in
social production every unit that is in
any way engaged in production, bo it
by brain work or by manual toil, is on
gaged in tho production of wealth, and
claims that if wealth is produced socially thon it should be socially owned
and consumed. His reference to capital
aro equally ludicrous. Like other near
economists, he ovidently haa tho idea
that capital is something that can be
seen and handled, whereas in roality it
is a condition. Abraham Lincoln onco
stated that "capital presupposed
labor." Not only does it presuppose
lubor, but without labor thero is no
wealth of any description. Let him
take tho "capital" that is in existence
today, be it cither the figures in tho
bank books of the financiers or the machinery of wealth production and distribution, and keep it. Lot him tako
away his capital as he understands it,
ship it to where thero are no labor
troubles, for instance on some uninhabited island, and if he can secure a
living without either sending for somo
labor or turning in and working himsolf, wo miss our guoss, and rather incline to tho opinion that his capital will
pretty soon be up for sale, and the
prico asked for it will bo a square meal.
If capital is monoy, or bc it the
means of wealth production, or bo it
oven tho commodities that are already
produced, the working class produced
it ull. Tho workers at this time run all
tho industries in any country, and production in any given country not only
depends on tlie activities of the working class in that country, but it de-
ponds on the efforts of the workers in
every land under tho sun. That thia is
true can be seen by the results of the
tying up of the products of the workors
in many lands, by tho recent blockade
created under war conditions. Many
binds wero not ablo to send their products to other lands, nnd as a result
many industries wore tied up because it
was impossible to secure those particular things that only thoy were ablo to
produce, due not to greater skill of tho
workors iu thoso particular countries,
but due in many cases to luck of natural resources, and in some cases to
specialization in the production of
those particular commodities. The man
that digs the iron ore, the mon that dig
the coal, and the smelter workers, the
railroad worker, the carpenter, the
tinker nnd tho tailor, are as necessary
in tho production of wheat as is the
farmer under present day conditions.
And so it is with thc production of
every commodity, they are not thc
products of individuals but of tho collective effort of society. Not society of
thu typo that reside in thc Shaughnessy
Heights of thc cities, but society composed of tho working class. With the
conclusion arrived at by this gifted individual as to the spread of the socialistic philosophy wo have no kick, for
we aro well aware lhat with the growth
uf capitalism so must the idea of socinl
ownership grow. No efforts that can be
put forth by such pigmy minds us those
possessed by such apologists, can ever
turn back the tide of knowlcdgo as to
the position of the working class, thot
is sweeping throughout tho world, will
bo of avail.   The machinery of produc*
and thoso samo machines are singing to
the worker this refrain: "Own mo and
the world is thine." Call it Bolsho-
ism, Socialism, or any other namo, the
workers aro imbued with tho idea that
thoy, and they alone, produce the
wealth of the world, and as that truth
becomos more and more inculcated in
the minds of the mombors of the working class, so will tho wish to enjoy that
which they produce become the guiding
principlo of all their octions. Tho
working class is not responsible for tho
division of the human family into
warring classes, but the working class
will abolish class rule, and by so doing
will wipo out all need for class hatred,
which after all is brought about by the
subjection of the working class to the
ruling and parasitic class in society,
which does not add one iota to the
wclfaro of the human family. Try
again, Bruco; maybe you will get there
yet, but wo havo our doubts.
THAT tho cessation of hostilities on
the western battle fields has not
brought peace is becoming more
evident every day.   From all parts of
tho world comes tho news of  strife.
Truo it is not news of
THEBE strife such as has just
OAN BE recently    been    con-
NO PEACE eluded, but nevertheless it is strife, and
has a more important bearing on tho
futuro of the human race than had
tho conflict in Europe. The government of Germany—which has been denounced by the press of the allied nations as being insincore—has now declared war on the Bolsheviki element
in that country, and it is ovident that
if it cannot put down the revolutionary
elements within tho confines of the German empiro, that this same government
will call upon tho allies for aid in doing so. Liebknecht and his followers
havo from thc inception of the war
been antagonistic to tho junker element
of their country. More than that, thoy
have been opposed to tho junker element in any country, and havo repeatedly shown the true postion of the
working class of tho world. Schneide*
man and his followers were supporters
of tho kaiser and his government, from
the commencement of tho war. Tho
capitalistic pross of this country has repeatedly stated that his followers, and
the majority Socialists, wore insincere
in their efforts to bring about changes
in tho German govornment, and judging from their past actions thia is not
very far from the truth. With those
facts before us wo can only wondor if
the present attitude of the allied countrios, to tho so-called Spartacus group,
is not due to the samo cause that has
determined their attitude to the Soviet
government of Bussia.
With the fate of the British government yet undecided, the attitude
that is being assumed by the poople of
tho old land towards the intervention
of the allies in thoso countries that
havo established, or are about to establish democracies, would lead us to bolieve that the Labor Party has, if not
quite, como pretty near defeating the
coalition government. It it should
hnppen that it is defeated, then the
situation will become much clearer,
Having fought for tho freedom
or small nations, and self-determination
of all peoples, thoro will be little
doubt as to future actions of the peoplo
of tho old land, in so far as they concern Russia, or any other country, in
the establishment of thc particular
form of democracy that they wish to
set up. The Labor Party has already
expressed its opinion on tho intervention in Russia, and judging from press
despatches, thero is considerable dissatisfaction iu the old land, outside of
tho labor party, on this question. The
fact of the matter is that the ruling
clasB of thff world sees that its reign is
finished, and they are only trying to
Btnm tho tide of democracy that is
sweeping through thc world. Taft of
God Knows Famo"—who, when aBk-
cd if he could offer any solution of
the unemployed question, or as to how
it could be coped with, replied in that
well-known phraae, which denotca inability to deal with a situation, and
passes it up to the Almighty—has
stated that he would shoot off the Bolshoviki. Now if the term Bolsheviki
is used to define thoso revolutionary
peoplo that ace no hope for humanity
under tho present system, and desire a
complete revolution in our economic
structuro, then he will have somo job
on his hands. He may need anothor
opideinic of influenza, which has taken
off about six million peoplo, and a few
wars such as has just terminated, bofore he has got rid of thom; and the
wars and the epidemic would have to
be confined to tho people that are to-
lay holding those views, ere he could
accomplish his object.
The ruling class of thc world will
not see that its efforts to check the
unrushing change in society—whicb is
lung overdue, and is making up lost
timo on the schedule—will avail
it nothing. Thc working clasa of the
world has at last realized that in order
to, do away with wars it must do uway
with tho causes, and the causes lie in
tho competitive system. Leagues of nations, mado up with interests diametrically opposed, can no more make for
peaco    than    can    boards    of    con*
wago paid is as low as $40 per month.
It would be naturally expected that
thoBo men who nro receiving thia small
mop-'-iry wage would bc receiving
their food, but this is not so. Stranded
as these men are, in many cases with
their wives and families, ut off from
tho rest of their follows, they havo
littlo chance to organize or to make
known their plight. Cannot organized
labor make an investigation into the
situation as it affects theso ment They
aro doing a useful work and one that iB
necessary to tho safety of shipping and
tho travelling public. Littlo can bo
expected from a government that allows tho requests of thc soldiers' dependents for moro money in order that
they may live to remain unanswered,
unless some one is willing to take up
the cudgols on behalf of these men.
Organized labor has never turned a
deaf ear to tho noeds of members of
the working class, be they organizod or
otherwise, and in this case we are of
the opinion that with pressure something can be dono.
Oar Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
A ommunication has been received
at thc Federationist offico from the sister-in-law of a member of the Siberian
expeditionary force. Sho asks that
somo publicity be given to the subject
matter of a letter that she has received
from hor brother-in-low. Here aro a
fow of the passages in this letter:
"Well, things are beginning to look
awful black over here; we are going to
be railroaded to Siberia, and wo cannot do a thing to help ourselves. They
started to dish out our clothes to us
the first day, and out of 78 of us 77 refused to take them, ns we were told
beforo we left the park by Major Askwith that wo were not going to Siberia.
Wo were all paraded beforc the major
horo, and ho asked us why wc refused,
and wo told him our reasons and what
Major Askwith said. Ho called him a
damned liar, and also said that wo
would havo to go anyway.'' Thero are
many more references to the unwillingness of tho men to go to Siberia, and
also rumors that aro hoard amongst thc
troops, but tho ono outstanding feature
of tne letter is that the men who are
detailed to go to deal with the Bussian
situation are not desirous of going.
Now if there is a renson for these men
going to Siberia why are thoy not told,
Tho only natural conclusion that can
be arrived at by anyone is that thc
reason they arc going is ono that would
not mako the men enamored of the mission on which they aro being sent.
Labor in the old land has demanded
that there shall be no intervention in
Russia, and if labor in that land ia
taking that stand, then it can bo assumed that labor is convinced that thc
mission of the Allied troops is not onc
that is destined to bo of value to the
working class programme throughout
the world. If that ia so, then the
working class of this country and every
othor country should Bay in no uncertain voice that the free democracies of
tho world Bhall not be interfered with.
Did the soldier who tried to explain
thc Intent of the Siberian mission at
Victoria last Sunday havo the real rea
son for the* expeditionf If so, the
taking care of foreign investments in
Russia is none of tho working class
business, and if these investments are
to bo taken caro of let thoso that made
the investments go over and take care
of them. It might bc explained that
the Boldier referred to stated that "tho
mission of the Canadian troopa was to
look aftor thc monoy invstod in Russia by tho moneyed intorests of tho
Allied countries." Somo job for the
workers to do, after they havo mode
the world safe for democracy!
The Causes of Labor Unrest
During tho war one of tho chiof
outcries against the workers generally,
and trades unionists in particular, is
that thoy are taking advantage of tho
nation's troublo to press their claims
for bettor conditions, and somo means
of protection against what they believe to bo undue profiteering on the
part of the controllers of industry,
whilo thoir fellows were suffering on
tho field of battle In the nation's ex*
tromity.
Superficial remarks of this kind usually show a very incomplete knowledge
of actual conditions, and most certainly cannot be indulged in by anyone
with first-hand acquaintancoship such
as the workers themselves have. It is
evident to anyone who has come into
actual contact with tho workers generally that they aro not tho typo of
people who are going to be easily led
to do anything which is not just and
right from their own point of view.
This, of course, is tho crux of the
wholo quostion. Tho viewpoint of tho
workers has to bo thoroughly understood by all their critics. The more
the problem iB studied from this viewpoint by those who, today, don't understand, the easier tho solutions of the
problems will become. Is it possiblo
for somo thousands of men and women
of intelligence and experience to lose
all thoir thinking powers and simply
gulp down what their ao-caled "loaders" tell thom? Tho person who indulges in that opinion today is many
years out of date, for thoBo arguments
have been exploded years ago.
The "Paid Agitator" Bogey
Thero is no body of peoplo, or organization, moro critical of its so-called
loudors than the trndo union. Lot any
of its office-bearers or officials swerve
in tho least degree from the wishes of
thc members and he is soon called on
to faco a trying experience such as
few other organizations put their membors through. With this knowledge,
•.v.""-. ... v ~", , ",   ■'"   *ke representatives of the trado union
dilation establish peaceful 'relations movement never can do anything but
betwoen capital und labor. There cftrry out tne wi8hcs 0f th0ir membors,
can bo only ono real Teason for nH decided on by tho body concerned.
a league of nations under present con- From thj8 it ift clear that the decisions
ditions, and that is for a leaguo of COmo to by any section of trade union-
the ruling class of thc different nations ists is by tho voice and vote of the
to stamp out the rising tido of do- members—not tho result of the pressure
mocracy. When labor tho world over of so-called "Paid Agitators.,r
has overthrown the presont system, | That there is considerable unrest
then, and then only, will nations bo nmong workers all over the world Ib
ablo to livo in harmony one with an- °.uitB evident to any student of cur-
other, and it won't take large navies ront f«Wm that this unrest ,B not of
' . . , ,. , s, *-_. recent growth is also evident. In 1914
or armies to keep thom in order. The H _,_.*■- .„   m   ^   the
cause  for  international quarrclH  will  „oM WM „- thc ovo „, the greatost
havo been abolished. Tho cause of tho
class war will also bc removed and tho
reign of reason, peace and plenty will
bc established.
Whilo evory class of labor during tho
past threo or four years has been ablo
to securo increases in the monetary
wage, there is a class that havo as yet
received no consideration at lho hands
of their employers. That class is the
lighthouse tenders on this coast. From
information supplied the Federationist,
it is found that thero ,aro men guard*
ng the dangerous points for navigators
at a wago which is a disgrace to this
tion has brought tho workers together, | enlightened country.   In somo cases tho
industrial upheaval in history, and it
is all to tho credit of the trado union
movoment that in tho nation's peril it
not only deforrod aetion, but waived
rights which it is difficult to beliovo
will bo reestablished without a strugglo.
Cause of Unrest Ib Deep Seated
This unrest could not bo possiblo
among so many thousands of workers,
widely scattered, and in all kinds of occupations, without * very real causes,
and these causes wero so much alike in
all countries that it wns folt by many
that soon tho timo would come when
isolated strikes must end, and a world*
wido movoment should tako their placo.
It was being realized that strikes
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
NOTICE
In the Matter of the ' 'Companies Act''
(B.S.B.O., 1911, Chapter 39), and
Irwlng & Billings Packing
Company, Limited
Tho Creditors of the abovo named
Company aro required, on or before the
6th day of January, 1919, to send their
names and addresses and the particulars of their llebts or claims, to William
J. Irwin of No. 1300 Lonsdalo Avenue,
North Vancouvor, B. C, tho Liquidator
of said Company, and, if so required,
by notice in writing from the said
Liquidator, are, by their Solicitors, or
personally, to como in and prove their
Baid debts or claims at such time and
place a. shall bo specified in such
Notice, or in default thereof, they will
bo excluded from tho bonefit of any
distribution made before such debts are
proved.
Dated this 14th day of December,
1918.
1500 Lonsdale Avonue, North Vancouvor, B. C.
WILLIAM J. IRWIN,
Liquidator.
We have a number of TOTTNO PIOS
for sale, 9 to 10 weeki old. Poland Chin*
grades, quick maturing. Deep Creek Farm
IttQfley Fort.
for increases of wagos did not better
to any groat degree the conditions of
tho workers, for immediately tho increases took effect it was found that
this was soon absorbed in tho necessaries of life.
Tho reason must be deeper thnn tho
amount of wages received, for though
wages have increased, tho unrest still
existB, and through intercommunication
between the workers of different countries is becoming a world-wide consolidated movement.
We havo seen that tho inadequacy
of wagos is not the solo cause of the
unrest, and while wages continue to
increase the workers will require more
than wages. It is the extreme dissatisfaction as wage-earners that lies at
the root of tho unrest. They will demand more interest in industry, complete security of employment, with a
continuous income, equal opportunity
for thomsolves and their children, ample provision for tho deficient, either
bodily or mental, also ample provision
for old age. These demands all entail
considerable detail, which cannot bc
dealt with fully in tho spaco at our
disposal, but revolutionary in the
sphere of industry as they seem at first
sight, they aro essentials in the worker's life. Tho dreary montoony of
spending a life under the system of
division of lubor which is more and
moro becoming thc rule of commercial
lifo today, cannot be realized except
by those who are tied down hand and
foot to this system, Tho employer must
understand that human lifo demands
more than to become like a bolt or
driving belt in hia machino. Awakened interest in work and its results aro
one of the many claims of tho worker,
and surely it is a just claim.
Better Security of Employment Wanted
Completo security of employment is
also a just claim of all workers. Only
those who have experienced the sickening sensation of being told that their
services are no longer required because
of work finished, or scarcity of material, or the hundred and ono different
reasons given for discharge, are able
to realizo what being "paid off"
means, with its weary, soul-destroying
tramp from place to place, looking for
work with tho small reserve being eaten
into, and often the grocer's or baker's
account being added to until it again
becomes a debt, aftor it had been greatly reduced or wiped off in the previous spoil of work. Tho expectancy of
attainmont of some necessity of life,
or somo small luxury which meant so
much, disappears when idleness comes,
and as for the trip to the coast or a
long holiday which the others enjoy,
that rarely enters into the calculation.
The nightmare of tho worker's life,
unemployment and the fear of old age
spent in beggary or dependent on
friends, must be eliminated before the
workors can approach anything like a
Btate of contontment; and revolutionary as theso demands are under thc
present system, they are coming because the workers are justified in
claiming them. If they are impossible
under the present system, woll, thc system must go, for tho workers arc realizing their strength, and through their
unionB and representatives in legislative and administrative bodios, they
will alter the old conditions, for thoy
have the numbers which, after all, will
toll. It remains with thc workers to
tnke advantage of every opportunity
to fit thomeolves for tho control of tho
govornment, also of industry. Every
man and woman in industries must be
organizod, every effort must bc made to
attain a complcto education. No longer
must tho workors stop thoir education
l.!.)lll.l'i..i:<»!HIII___l
=1
"LETS CHIP IN
FOR MOTHER'S GIFT"
"We'll give her a Birks' Diamond Brooch on
this Peaee Christmas—as a special memento."
Doesn't mother deserve some, nice personal gift
like this after all she has done and done without
to help win the wart
If "The Committee" should decide on something
else, there are Tea Services, Cabinets of Silverware, Hall and Chiming Clocks, etc. We know
wc can Btipply the gift—just visit us and see.
Oranvllle and
Georgia Sti.
Storo open tonight, tomorrow night,
Monday and
Tuesday nights
tea
Iliiiiii:i:/i.ii;.iii:iii!iii;!i.!:iiiiii!!»JiiiimiiiiiiAiiiiii:(.!ii:ii!!W,i!!i;;ii!ii:iiiii!(i!i
Tha Hoom Behind Uu Ooods*
Still   retains   its   original
oxquisito flavor
CANADA FOOD BOARD
License No. «—848
License) No. 3—453
THE W. H. MALKIN CO.,
VANOOUVER, B O.
LTD.
—IAVI TOUB HOmT—
ITAST A BAB! AOOOUBI IB
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't itow iwu your ipore out Im
any old oorner whore It li In doagw
from burglon or flre.
Tho Merchant! Bonk uf Canoda of-
fen 70a perfect iefftty for you
money, ood will give you full buktng
■ervfee, whether yoar oecount ll lore*
or itokll.
Intereil  allowed   od  loving*   dope-
■IU.
O. V. ITACET. Kano-for
QruTUlo ond Fonder
W. 0. JOT, Monitor
Hootlngi ood Oorroll
EMPRESS THEATRE
WEEK OF DEO. 23
Onr Beautiful Christmas Offering
"Mother Carey's Chicken*"
Tho flrst time in Canada.
ORDER   TOUB   SEATS   NOW
Pricei 16c, 8«c and 60e
JBOOBPOBAIBD HUB
Bank of Toronto
AlMti 184,000,000
Dapodtl  63,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT SoTlngo Aeeonnt moy bo
opened tt Tho Bonk of Toronto
Id tke namei of two or moro
poroou. In theio account! either
party moy algn ehe-qoea or depoelt
money, for tko different momboro ot
ft ftmlly or ft Arm ft Joint fteeonit U
often • great eonvenlenee. Intereil U
pftld on bolftneea.
VftneonTor Bronck:
Oonor HftrtlBfi ond Gambia Itnot*
Bronchfe Bt:
Vletorlft,  IKtrrm,  Mow  Waitmiaitor
until it is aa complcto aB tho so-called
"upper classes," but by becoming fit*
ted in every respect tot control industry, they will he able, when the timo
comos, to take the place of tho present
controllers, and so tho chango ovor will
tako placo with as littlo dislocation as
possiblo. This is not a dream, for whon
peaco is declared the choice will bo a
reality to tho workers all over tho
world: Aro you going back to tho old
conditions or aro you going to be lit to
take over the new conditions f—Johannesburg Labor World.
5 ACRES OF CHOICE
LAND IN LANGLEY
Well known eTerywhere no contain-
Ing the belt high Und in the Lower
Fraaer Valley, Wbat can beat ono of
tbeio ai the foundation of a home,
aomethlng to work at In yonr ipare
time or when wagea becomo low and
work icaree. Why not take adfantagt
of the preient low values of real oa*
late and got one of theae blooka now.
The adjoining bloeka were aold yeara
ago at boom prlcea, the onea w* hftTO
for aale are juit aa good ln every
way, but prlcea have boen cut down
to bed-rock and are now within reach
of everyone. In all caaes the Und ll
very good, nearly nil older-bottom,
high and dry, no awampi, rocki or
flooda. Tou can get nothing botter
anywhere In the provinco for chlekena,
berrlei, roots, clover or orchard and
very little ai good. REAL HOMES.
In the cue of every block wo havt
aold reeently the ownen aro living
on them and clearing them np, we
have not one dlmtUfled bnyer. Call
at onr offlce and toe pbotograpba, new
houiei aad clearlnga, or write na for
pricea. We know you will bo Interlined aa wo know thla land penoaally.
HOPE & FARMER
•14 Tenia, It Wut.
VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
Trt. ler. Itl
J.1 J. N. HABVEY'S UNION OLOTHINQ STOKES-
Buy Your Men Folk Useful Gifts
They show good judgment and are most appreciated, as thoy give
pleasure and comfort for many days after Christmas has gone by.
Suits and Overcoats - 116 to 160
Waterproof Coats  $16 to ISO
Shirts  11.00 to $7.60
Shirts and Drawers  $1.00 to $3.76
Combination Underwear  .. $2.00 to $9.00
Olovos  $1.86 to $6.00
Suspenders .
...60c to $2.00
Also Fancy Arm Bands, Carters, Mufflers; in faet   everything
men's wearing apparel, except the boots.
TWO UNION STOBEB FOB MEN IN B.O.
J.N.HARVEY
LIMITED
125-127 Hastings St. W.
Alio 614-616 Yatei 81, Viotorla, B.O.
LOOK FOB THB 110 BED ABBOW SION-— nODAT-
...December 20, 1018
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
The American Clothes Shop
Practical
Christmas Gifts
for Men
Mufflers
These Mufflers will
appeal to discriminating- men. The
colors, while very
attractive and rich
are subdued. In
plain navy, grey,
black and brown, or
In the smart striped
effects now so popular. Some of these
mufflers are finished with attractive
fringe. The materials are silk and
wool; generous size.
Special showing at
only  82.50
Handkerchiefs
Most overy man can use a
box of Handkerchiefs,
These Handkerchiefs are
especially attractive, as
they are of good quality
linen, neatly hemstitched
and with embroidered initial. Box of 3 for .. $1
Silk
Handkerchiefs
Box of one for .... 50$
Ties, $1.00
To make your selection from thla special,display ot Neckwear Is to be certain
to please, most men.
This display ot
heavy silks In ths
new patterns at this
popular price Is
pr.vmg a wonderful
help to many
Ch.letmas shoppers.
They are neatly
boxed ln a manneil
thi.t expresses the
Christmas spirit.
Priced at     81.00
Men's Suits $25
Our Clothes reflect an Individuality that Impresses other people with tho fact tbat
you aro well dressed. In this store we endeavor to fit a man's personality as well
as his person. Wo are showing a specially good line of all wool worsteds in neat
fabrics for Christmas selling. These are mado ln the young man's styles—and, of
courso, the conservative three-button sack that appeals to the quiet dresser. Priced
"   - 325.00
Hosiery Is an
Acceptable Gift
The man who receives a box of Silk or
Cashmere Hose has a warm spot In his
heart for the giver. Such a gift never
falls to please whether it be a man ofl
mature years or a youngster ln school.
We are showing a range of plain or
fancy silk hose, neatly boxed, at Sl.C
Wool and Cashmere Hose at Qi
and   81,i
Gloves of Quality
QUALITY Is one of the strongest points
ln favor of our Men's Street Gloves. With
quality as a feature, thu man of exacting
taste Is certain to find his choice In an
assortment which carries the season's
best colors and materlils. We specially
recommend our Capeskin Washable
Gloves. We also have suede and mocha
In grey, tan or black; lined or unllnedl
Priced at  82.50
At no time of the year should a man be better dressed than during the Christmas
Holiday Season. Just as the discriminating man admires his well-groomed fellow, so
does ho wish himself to be looked upon by other men. Such a man realises the
value of Clothes Distinction.
The All-Union Store for Men
T.B.ANDREWS
53 Hastings St. West
_
Constitution Outworn
Philadelphia.—"Tho state constitution, adoptod in 1874, has outlived its
usefulness," said James Alcorn, public
service commissioner and former city
solicitor. "It would require so many
alterations and amendments to conform
it to present conditions," he said,
"that very much confusion would arise
in Riving the proper interpretations to
its provisions. Changes that aro now
necessnry are hardly capable of being
provided by amendments. It would be
much bettor to have a convention to
formulate a new constitution.'1
Urge Social Insurance
New York.—Social workers from all
parts of tho United States gathered
hero to consider problems arising from
demobilization of tho nation's armed
forces, adopted a resolution calling on
tho govornmont "for avoidance of the
evils of the pension system for our vie*
torious troops and of proventablo poverty among wago earners." Furthor
extension "of tho social insurance
principle already adopted in soldiers'
and sailors' insurance and in workmen's compensation laws" was suggested as a remedy.
Men's
Proven iMlOCS
Sinco tho Inception ot this Shoe House ln 1907, there's never been
the slightest lowering of quality in our sterling, high-grade shoes
for men. Every pah* of shoes we select must measure up to a rigid
standard, both as to leather and workmanship. We won't disappoint
a customer. We won't tolerate shoddy, cheap, salo stock. We want
every practical man to test this store's ability to meet his footwear
needs for the Christmas season.
The Goodwin rango Is so liberal you can't go wrong on style, comfort, fit or your favorlto last. We've never carried a line of men's
footwear In which wo had more genuine confidence than we're showing today. Note especially the choico leathers and admirable finish
of tho men's shoes we are offering pleased d»ff J? A <J>-| *| AA
buyers at pricos from   «D.*J«tJv to UfL loUU
GOODWIN SHOE CO.
119 HASTINOS STBEET EAST
"GOODWIN'S GOOD SHOES"
COUGHLAN STRIKE FROM
THE MEN'S VIEWPOINT
(Continued From Pago 1.)
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
UNION *+OFFICES
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
ota iupfly rov wm tn allibp rinrrnra fiAMi owo« labil
BUJOHBIMM, F. »., Ill B»«4w«7 «S1I_
A^aWiSoSlV
D0N8M0IB PBINTINO 5b.
§ 0 ftuIftlHO * UTBO. 00.. Omrtt. sad Hrair-.
K....._..__  f_)in tfmtt, Bull-Mil...
417 Danunnir 8lr.it...
..JMimoal Ml
-.aw-Mir ton
 aa-nuu mi
.--.Taw I
DON8MOIB PBINTINO w, *.*•, —-
mWe__% A., 1111 Psritr Blrwt
HKBttW, '■ __l _* *_*. *"■>«•-
LATTA, K. P.. ••» 9*" AnaM...—-
-8.rn.ur 4<M
....BefOttt 1106
-Hlfklsn* HIT
B->raunr 1674
.Sermonr 1016
MAINLAND  PRESSES, 61 Cordon  Street Eut
JuLEAN A SHOEMAKER, Nona Vsneonwr.......
MITCHELL FOLEY. LTD..  I'll) H».tln|. 8-r.M W..1
NORTH SHORE PRE88. honk "
     —l-lraoat 1618
_N. Taa. II
_   _ i VoBoonw.
PAUiriO PRINTERS, 600 Bostly Blreot	
■OEDDK, 0. A.. 618 Homor Stroot -	
SON JOT PRESSES, 117 Ponder Stroot.	
TECHNICAL PRESS, 600 Boslty Street.;.-...	
TIMMS. A. H.. 110 Po-rtoentk Averae Eut.-.	
WARD?ELLWbOD APOCSD, 111 Htaur Strut.-.
WKIfrtRN SPEOIALTT CO., 671 annuls Street..
WHITE 0 BINDON, Ml Polder Stroot Wut...
.Sejrmoar 1086
Iff"
™Sermonr 6696
......Sermonr 164
 Sermonr 41
—Sermonr 8886
...rolrmoot 681B
_ Sermonr 1616
...Sermonr 8636
.....Sermonr 1314
Writ. "Unloa lakel" « Toir Oopr when Ton Bead II to Iks FrlaUr
Coughlan & Sons that tho agreemont
nad been violated:
The executivo. of tho Vancouver Motal Trades Counoil dosiro to refute tho
statoment that was made by the Una of
Coughlan & Sons, and published in tho
Provinco newspaper on tho 17th inst.,
and desiro to stato that tho clauso in
tho agreement covering complaints and
grinvanccs was followed otu in its entirety boforo they mado tho recommendation to strike. The clause covoring
grievances, reads as follows:
"Fourth. All griovasccB which
may arise in any shop or yard shall
bo given consideration as follows:*
(1) All complaints and grievances to
bo adjusted by the foreman in
charge, if possiblo. (2) When such
adjustment cannot be made between
the foreman and tho man directly in*
torestod, tho matter will be takon up
with tho company direct by the business agent and tho shop committeo,
representing tho craft having tho
grievance, ond they shall endeavor to
roach a mutual understanding. (3)
In tho event that an understanding
cannot bo reached by tho company
ami the representative of the craft
involved, a committee of representatives from tho Metal Trades Council
will moot tho company, and try to
bring about an adjustment of tho
grievance, and in tho meantime there
will bo no lockout on tho part of the
company, or striko on the part of the
mon."
As soon as thc report reached the executivo that tho Blacksmiths had taken
action on their own initiative, they
wero ordered back to work, in order
that the executive of the Metal Trades
Council could toko up tho matter in
conformity with the agreement, and it
was only after conforming to the grievance olause in every detail, and boing
mot with a flat refusal to reinstate Mr,
Anderson, that tho executive, having
no other alternative, recommended a
strike. Tho clauso in the agreement
that Mr. Coughlan refers to, Is for tho
purposo of changing any portion of the
agreement and reads as follows:
"It is agreod that any clause in
this agreement may be opened for
discussion and subject to mutual
amendment on fifteen days' notice in
writing from cithor party of a desire
to chango."
The action of the executivo was en*
dorsod at two mass meetings ot the
mon on strike, held at thc Labor Templo during the afternoon of tho striko,
nnd alBO was endorsed at a full mooting
of tho Metal Trades Council In tho
evening, and tho oxecutive was givon
full power in arranging a settlement of
tho present troublo. A recommendation
was also made to tho Vnncouvor Trades
and Labor Council that a roforenduhi
voto to call a gonero! strike bo takon
immediately, unless Mr. Andorson bo re*
instated.
Has the Military Beast Been
Destroyed by the
War
[By Oeorgo P. Stirling]
The people have short memories. Pol*
iticians know thiB, and thoy are thus
enabled to say one thing today and a
contradictory thing tomorrow, and in
the words of the apostle "be all things
to all mon." Somo of us, however,
knowing the frailty of the human memory, have acquired the habit of cutting items from newspapers and sticking them in a scrap book. If moro peo
plo would do this, it would be impossible for politicians to poddlo plausible
lios and change themselves chamclon-
like to suit the changes of passing
events. Mr. Lloyd Oeorge is a maBter
of arts in this direction. At the timo
of the prohibition campaign in England
in the early stages of the war, Mr.
Lloyd George said "Germany, Austria,
and Drink, and the greateat of thoso is
Drink." Subsequently, when he became premier, a deputation of the leading temperanco and prohibition people
waited upon him to request that by a
stroke of the pen ho should slay this
mighty enomy, but Mr. Lloyd Goorge
pointod out that although he was in
sympathy with their aims, his first consideration was crushing Germany, and
as tho beer drinking workers of England were to bo used for this noble purposo, he must proceed with caution.
Once upon a timo, Lloyd George was
somothing of a Democrat, but having
slept with Imperialists during the recent months, his viows on conscript armies, and the supremacy of the British
navy have undergono a considerable
change. Compare for example theso
two items:
Lloyd George, speaking at Bristol,
December 11, 1918:
"If you want to prevont tho horrors of this war boing repeated, you
must put an cud to the conscript armies of Europe.
"Wo did not have the machinery
for an offensivo war. Our navy is a
defensive weapon, and not an offensive ono. That is why wo do not
ijioan to givo it up."
Lloyd George at Queen's Hall, July
28, 1908:
"Look at tho position of Gormany.
Her army is to her what our navy is
to us—hor solo defence against invasion."
Again:
"Sho has not got a two-power
standard.   She May havo a stronger
army than Franco, than Bussia, than
Italy, than Austria, but sho is between two great powers who in com-
- bination could pour in a vastly greater number of troops than she has.
Don't forgot that whon you wondor
why Germany is frightened at alliances and ententes."
Now that tho war is over, we aro able
to look at and considor theso things
under the cold light of reason.   What
do they meant   In tho flrst placo, it
must bo remembered that no country
ovor built a navy or organized an array
for offensive purposes.   Or perhaps wo
should soy, no country over admitted
it.   Always tho cry is for defence.   In
tho oarly days in tho wost, men carried
guns strapped to thoir haunches for the
snmo  purpose, just  as  primitivo  man
used to trail his club around with him,
lost ho bc attacked.    Any rcasonablo
snvngo in thoso days would havo been
insulted if you had accused him of deliberately, seeking a light.   But nevertheless tho possession of these weapons
of defence is n constant menace to tho
poace of society.   As the premier himself admitted in his speech at Bristol,
that nations "could not hnve great
military machines without tempting tho
men at thc head of them to try their
luck with thoso machines."
Precisely! And that is our great in*
dictmpnt against tho proposal of tho
junkers in Britain to preserve inviolato
tho mighty British navy.
If a League of Nations is formed at
tho poaco conference, it would be the
height of absurdity for any ono of
those natioiiH to claim tho right to possess a military or naval machino two or
three times thc strength of nnw of tbo
othors. Moreover, it is entirely unnecessary.
Tho junkers in Britain pretend that
if tho British navy is greatly diminished in strength, it would moan a dovelop.
ment of piracy on the high sens in
times of ponce, and in time of war, it
would bo impossible to check any militant nation that wae outsido thc league
or any militant nntion insido tho lenguo
from Interfering with thc freedom of
the seas. They overlook thc fact thnt
the idea is to supplant the dominance
of any onc power with a combined naval power sufficient for this policing
work. If Britain persists in her naval
supremacy, as America lias already
hinted she will build a navy too to outstrip England, other nations will be incited to jealousy, and all tho bloody
orgy of tlio post four years will have
boen in vain, entirely in vain.
Tho people hnve paid thc price of
this wnr, as Ihey havo pnid the price
of all previous wars, but the price of
this ono has been so enormous that
oven the most lethargic minds have
been stimulated to thought and are determined that Imperialism shall not
pass. Thc support of thc people was
gained on the assumption tbat this was
a war to end war. Tens of thousands
of Canada's sons have been maimed or
have given their lives with this idea
evor before them. Now that thc most
aggressive Imperialist nation of Europo
has been disarmed, there is a betler
opportunity than the world has ever
had before, or is over likoly to have
ngnin for the cessation of the mnd competition in itniminents. But if Britain
persists, and America follows suit with
a stronger war machine, France, anil
tho new republics of Gormany nnd
Bussia will also nrm according to the
sacred formula for "Defence not Defi*
ance," andiin n few yenrs business
will bc rcBUihed as usual.
It is a lovely prospect! Better by
far that our male children should be
strangled in their sleep; better by far
that a pestilence should sweep mankind
from the earth .than having had this
awful, gruesome lesson, we should
quiotly allow our junkers to go on wilh
their programmes of militarism and nn*
valism. In tht* name of humanity, let
us say, "To hell with It."
Militarism  nml navalism  shall   not
Asks Why American Troops
Are Acting With
Germans
Tho following editorial comment on
the Bussian situation is made in Budy's
Mirror:
Why are Unltod States troops tight
ing Bussians t  la it on tho theory that
the Bolshoviki are allies of Germany!
German has quit fighting and has ad*
mittcd defeat.   German troops are in
Bussia keeping order againat Bolsho-
vikif.   Why are our troops and German troops on tho same side?    The
Bussian government is a Democracy
professedly.   Tho government is called
the soviet republic.   Why is our groat
republic fighting that littlo new-born
republic!   Wo have declared that we
did not propose to dictate to Germnns
what kind of government they should
set up in place of the one we declared
we could not trust becauso it was unrepresentative of the peoplo, and now
wo are  to all  intents  and purposes
making war on Bussians becauso their
brand of democracy is not tho brand
wo prefer.   Our governmont Ib nogo-
tiating   Bussian   affairs   through   an
omissary of tho czar, Mr. Bakhmotoff,
aftor czarism has been overthrown and
aftor we havo recognized Kb revolutionary successor.    While we war on
the Bolshoviki thoy havo boen bringing about tho downfall of Gorman autocracy.   Wo have not doelarcd war on
Bussia.   That country is still ono of
tho Entento Allies and our associate in
tho, war.    The only nows wo are allowed to receive from Bussia is nows
filtered through reactionary channels,
and it is all to tho discredit of Bussia.
Great Britain, France and Italy aro opposed to the kind of domocracy in
which thc Bussinns believe.   Tho Bussian govornment of today is the only
ono that has denounced and repudiated
the secret trcatios of 1914*15, undor
which tho Entento agreod to parcel out
among thomsolves all of the Near East.
Bussia did that oven though her share
of the spoils was to havo been Con-
stantlpolo.  Our European associates in
tho war discredit Bussia because they
fear   the   spread   of   Bussian   ideas
among their pooplo, though they do not
hesitate to profit by the spread of thoso
ideas among the Germnn people. Thoy
havo announced as forthcoming carnivals of assinatlon which turn out to
bo on the date proclaimed declarations
of amnesty to all the political opponents of tho Bolsheviki government.
Thoro are murders in BusBia, but some
of them aro counterrevolutionary. And
this country has lent its support to the
suppression of democracy in Finland.
Tho Bolsheviki say that our failure to
support thom forcod thom to sign the
Brest-Litovsk treaty and submit for tho
time being to Germany.  And now this
eountry is to bo represented in a peace
conference in which Bussia apparently
is not to bo reprcaonted.  Is this standing by tho Bussians as President Wilson promised to dot   Is* it standing by
tho Bussians to tnko  our nows and
viows of Russian affairs through governments hostile to Bussian democrncy
nnd from a left-ovor representative of
tho ezor in Washington. Thero are peoplo who sny that the present Russinn
government is functioning fairly well,
that it is a governmont both do facto
aiid do jure, tlmt Lenino's hook "Tho
Soviots nt Work'' shows Russia to be
anything but  tho chaos described  in
cablegrams censored in London.    Tho
reaction   ngainst   tho   soviots   is   fomented, organized and led by tho onc
overshadowing tyranny of Bussian life,
the landed aristocracy, dispossessed by
tho revolution.   Bussians revolted for
tho land.    They took it.    Now this
country with others joins in a military
expedition, or two of them, to rcinstato
thc land tyrants in their power to per-
potuatc all thc old evils of serfdom,
So ot least thc situation appears to me,
Public   opinion   is   being  cooked  up
agninst Bussian democracy by means
of fixed news.    All wo got is matter
thnt comes from tho enemies of Russian
democracy, which ,wild though il be,
cannot bo as bnd as  tho conditions
which so far as I can discern we are
trying to re-establish against thc will
of the long-oppressed people who destroyed thom.    Wo should bo for tho
Russian democracy even though it be
all blind and drunken for tho time being.    Wo should help it to sight nnd
soberness.   Wc should not kick a rising
domocracy   in   tho   face. — Ready's
Mirror.
PAGE SEVEN
TRADES COUNCIL TO
HOLD PROTEST MEETING
(Continued from page 1)
stronger organization betwoen tho different sections of tho working class,
but no definite action wns Ink™, tho
maffcr helng left with the oxcoutlvo tn
work in conjunction with tho Metnl
Trades Council.
pass.
Imperialism shall not pass!
Moloch must die!
Censorship.
Mnny communications woro received
re the censorship, and tho action of the
council endorsed on this matter. It was
finally decided to hold a mnss meeting
of protest agninst the continunnce of
tho censorship and tho Allied intervention in Russia.
Delegate Trotter wns nppointed on
the Committee on Reconstruction to
deal with aliens and immigration, nnd
thc following were appointed on fhe
Committee of Soldiers nnd Workmen on
reconstruction: Delegates Hardy, Cot
terill, Bhowlor, Knvnnngli, Anderson,
Wells, Winch, Youhill and Midgloy.
Tho Fish Packers applied for affiliation, and their request wns grantod,
And n Inrgu number of new delegates
and reelected delegates wero obligated,
Miners Dedicate Home
Collinsvillc, III.—The four unions of
miners afluatcd with the United Mine
Workers, have dedicated Iheir new
building, known as the Minors' Insli*
fute. It is three stories high, with
every facility for union purposes, education, recrcntion and an auditorium
that will accommodate the largest
theatrical production. Over the entrance to the club room quarters nre
two life-size figures of miners, and in
the background is tho seal of the
Unltod Mine Workers.
Patronizo   Federationist   advertisers
and tell them why you do so.
Newark, N. J.—An additional gain
of 10 cents nn hour has boen secured
by organized carpenters. Tho rnto is
now .-XHO a duy with a ono-ycar contract.
I Human
I Nature
is made up of all sorts. Wa
know. We havo them coins to
our store; tell us they ean't bs
fitted, can't be sditod, anyway
not in this city. They talk to ub
of Seattle, Frisco, Now Tork and
other large cities, and we*—well,
wo promise them satisfaction and
agree to forego payment if wt
don't como thro.' Let ns toll
you wo win every time becauso
we have the real fine British
woolens that will stand comparison with any stock in any eity.
Our wido experience and thorough knowledge of cutting,
fitting and making enable tu to
fit any figure, however abnormal,
absolutely perfectly.
CUSTOM
MADB
HIGHEST
CttADB
TBT OOB Z-MS8S
« S37.50
SUIT PRIMS
UBK'Sttm. .
WOMEN'! Htm	
ONION
"J2     Throughout
Hastings
St. West
FOUND
It
Vlelorr   Bonds   ulon   ..
iiehsngn for dentil work.
9
X-fe-r IIBI MM If hm.
snr/;   tta-ner  lunaUes
Moil MT. 8881
Dr. Brett Anderson
ftom iad Bridge IpedaUst
Ml Hsstings Strset Weet, Oor. Seymoar
Office open Tueeday ud Friday Evening, nntu I o'clock
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND IMPORTERS
Dry Goods, Gents' Furnishings
VICTORIA, B. C.
MANUFACTURERS OF "BIG HORN" BRAND
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, Etc.
Factory organlied under "United Garment Workers of America'
$39^2
Buys this
VICTROLA IV.
and six double-sided Records (i2.eiec.ion.)
£l£ V'.Ctrola tofhyl  Nothin« wi» Sive you so
Zt& VhEEL f°r *?u long a ,,me at » «s
wh.?L!{&ings y0"'he m«ic you like the best,
«|p,«n™ £i?"* "Pthe w?r,d s 8rea,«t artists,
or nn„,?.«y™he.m0KSt n,ote.d bands and orchestras
or popular music by leaders on the concert or
vaudeville stage.
IHBOORDS.   Awaiting your selection, we have
mry record that is listed in the Victor catalog.
Below we quote a few of the most popular
numbers-come in and hear them.
Victor Records make Ideal and
Practical Christmas Gifts
Mm-Priean Naflnn.l Al« ta ___._ ..",
.Murphy
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WRITE US FOR COMPLETE CATALOGS
HOHt Of THI VICIROU"
THOUSA-teSOMKOHM*
Vanoouver Blook   788 Oranvillo Stroot PAGE EIGHT
THE RRITISH COLUMIHA  FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY -December _0, WW
Appreciated Gifts
are easy to find here.    Boots for the whole  family  an
frieuds too.   Every style for men, women and children.
THERE IS
nothing that could be more appreciated by womankind than
a pair of our very latest beautiful fitting high top boots.
We have them in all those styles that arc wanted by Milady
of Fashion.
You eome here and see the display and your worry is over.
You will then know what to give.
Nice Warm House Slippers
in every wanted style. Just the thing for Daughter to
Grandmother, and for the child too.
There is nothing that could be more pleasing to a woman
of exacting taste and appreciative of 'style supreme than a
pair of our PUMPS or COLONIALS, Patent or Dull Kid "--
very niftiest of buckles.    Also in plain.    Priced ff)_
to $9.00.
If you prefer give her a Certificate of Purchase
the
$6.50
Wilsons'
"Twin Shoe Stores"
157159 HASTINGS ST. WEST
NEAH CAMBIE
LIEBKNECHT'S FAST IK KAISEB'S
PALL
faot that the Gorman govern*
mont waB responsible. He askod
for "data concerning tho situation in
—t—Ant^a     o-enii-nin/l     tlW     ftflTrnfinV. "
[By Frank Bohn]
We owe to the painstaking industry
of Mr. Sidney Zimand the possession
in English of all the important
speeches of Liebknecht Bince the beginning of tho war, Tho book is Just
new published)
In all the voluminous litoraturo of
this war there is to mo a passage which
Btands out as a bright ray of light illuminating our pathway toward tho
future society of nations. In "Under
Firo" the French common soldier,Bert-
rand, says; "Thero ia one, figure thu^
has risen ahovo the war and will blaze'
with tho beauty and strength of his
•oourago." Tho author, Barbusso, now
the elected chief of tho great socioty
of Fronch war voterans, goes on to
say. "I listened, leaning on a stick
toward him, drinking ui the voico that
camo in thc twilight silenco from tho
Hps that so rarely Bpoko. Ho cried in
a clear VOtec, "Liebknecht."
Jn 1870 Wilhelm Liebknecht, the
father oi Karl, together with Bebol
And three other Socialist mombors of
tho Reichstag, voted against the war
credits. They wero insulted and ovon
beaten by tho war-mad members of
tho other partios of the RoiehBtag. If
it was natural for tho Bon to follow
in the footsteps of tho father, so it
was also natural for tho wholo Socialist Party in Germany to continuo the
policies of tho founders of the party.
In tho universal disgust with which the
world viewod the treason to truth and
all sound principle which marked the
conduct of tho Socialist Party at the
beginning of tho war, the one mitigating fact is, as Barbusso so eloquent*
ly indicates, Liebknecht.
In his great spooch against tho seeond war budgot ho declared, as a protest against the war, against those who
are responsible for it and havo caused
it, , , . against the violation of
tho neutrality of Belgium, and Luxemburg against unlimtied rulo of martial
law. ... I voto againBt tho war
credits demanded."
The excuse for the weakness of tho
wholo German pooplo aud the treason
of tho Socialists on tho part of weak-
kneed pacifists and Socialists in other
countrios, has always been   that   tho
German peoplo were   all  misinformed
about tho war.   This excuse is invalid.
Liebknecht knew tho truth about the
war becauso ho wished to know it. Thc
masses of tho German people, Socialists
und non-Socialists alike, believed falsehoods becauso they wished to believe
them.   Tho frightful horror of Gorman
war methods was perfectly well known
insido of Germany.   A numbor of questions which Liebknecht. nsked of tho
government in the Hoichstug session in
December, 11)15, indicates clearly waat
sort of knowledge wns in the possession
of thoso who wished to knew the truth.
When Liebknecht inquired as to whether tho government wns prepared to bo-
gin peaco negotiations, von .liigow answered, amid loud laughter, that he refused to answer. On thia occasion l.ieb-
knecht asked ubout a score of southing quostions which threw light upon
^ho whole policy und purpose of the
Tjovcrayicnt.   •
Lator in January Liebknecht aguin
interrogated the governmont, He. exposed tlie Armenian massacres and thi;
tho territory occupied by Germany,
and "concerning measures taken for
tho protection of the pooplo in the occupied territory, concerning tho means
of living, concerning their health condtions, their rights, their numbers,"
He inquired as to the "kind and
reason of tho punishments decreed and
reprisal measures taken againBt the
people in those territories by the German authorities, tho number of poople
executed, military requisitions of proporty," and bo forth. "On January 13,
191G, by a voto of 60 to 25, tho Socialist Central Committee expelled ycb»j*
knecht from membership in the Socialist party for continuous "gross infractions of party discipline."
The majortiy Social-Democrats took
that measure against Liebknecht for
having grossly embarrassed tho government with his questions two daya beforo in tho Beichstag,
But Liobknceht's fight did not end
with his expulsion from tho party.
Month after month he stood alone and
fought hiB good fight. Gormany was
winning the war, Tho insolence of her
junkcrdom and tho official class was
somothing beyond describing. Tim
waa tho vory loast of his opposition. Ho
told me whon I saw him in 1915 that
his sometimes Socialist comrades, meeting him on tbe Btreet, insulted him
most viciously. On March 22, 1016, he
attempted in a session of' the Beichstag to attack tko submarine policy of
the government, but was prevented.
The final weighing in the balance of
this man's soul came on May Day,
1916. In tho presence of a crowd of
working peoplo assembled in Berlin in
tho opon air, he "cried out," as it
woro,'' with a loud voice.'' Under all
ordinary circumstances this speech
meant death in front of tho firing
squad. He know that it could not mean
revolution at that time. He was a common soldier In tho army, and had not
tho slightest notion that the reason he
was imprisoned instead of executed was
due to tho desiro of the German government to escape criticism in enemy
countries. We aro very fortunate, indeed, to havo the ontire copy of this
apocch before us. I think that it will
live as the utterance of a groat and
heroic figure in tho midst of one of
the most terrific crisos that has come
upon tho human raco. " By a lie,'' ho
cried out, "the German worklngman
waa forced into tho war and by lies
thoy expect to induce him to go on
with the war."
Here again was John Huss beforo
the Council and Martin Luther at
Worms. In tho universal failure, in
the unutterable collapse of all that
was true and right among tho German
leadership and the Germun peoplo, this
ono voice waB hoard, loud nnd clear.
If poor in its practical results this
voice "crying in tho wilderness" was
mighty in its prophecy of tho bettor
time to come for Germany and for the
whole world.—New York Timos.
Paintors Raise Scales.
Newark, N. ,T.—Paintors in this city
hnve established tlieir new wngo scale,
which rinses rules from $ to $5.80
day.
SHOES) and
SLIPPERS
Make Useful and
Economical Gifts
Wc arc now displaying for your choice thc greatest
variety of Holiday Footwear in the city. Priced according
to onr policy of retailing Quality Footwear at Seasonable
Prices. ._ {{
Men's Felt Slippers   $1.35 to $2.50
Women's Felt Slippers   $1.25 to $2.25
Children'8 Felt Slippers    500 to $1.25
Children's Rubber Hoots (6 to 10)   $2.45
Misses' Ktibbor Boots (11 to 2)   V  $2.95
BOOT SHOP
J.I'mSTINGS-ST'W
Exchange  of  Correspondence on Alleged Atrocities
in Russia
The following correspondence between the Swiss ambassador to Russia,
speaking in the nnme of the neutral
governments, and the people's commissary for foreign uffairs, is printed ut
Zurich by Fritz Plattcn, national councillor. The reply of M. Tschltschorin,
representative of tho Soviets, will give
somo idea us to how the Bussians viow
tho allied  intervention.
The Note of the United States
To tho Peoplo 'a Commissary for Foreign Affairs ut Moscow;
Inasmuch us tho representatives of
tho diplomatic corps at Petrograd were
ablo to ascertain definitely, tho mass
arrosts of persona regardless of age and
sex, as well as the summary convictions
imposed by soldiers of tho Rod Army,
day ufter day, they requested a conference with Commissary Zinovieff, and
wcro received by him on Monday, Sopt.
3. They declared that it was not their
purposo to interfere in any way with
thc strugglo betwoen political partios
now raging in Russia; they desired only
from the standpoint of humanity, and
in tho namo of the governments whicb
they represent, to express their moat
profound indignation at the regime of
terror introduced in Petrograd, Mob*
cow, etc.
Prompted by the singlo process of
satisfying thoir hatred against an entire class of citizens, without being authorized by any governmental authority, armed men, day and night, break
into private dwellings, steal and plunder, and arrest and throw into prison
hundreds of unfortunates who have nothing to do with the political struggle,
and whoso only guilt consists in belonging to the class of tho bourgeoise, the
extermination of which is being preached by the leaders of the communists in
thai* newspapers and their speeches.
Thc distracted families are deniod
ovory possibility of finding out where
their members are confined} they are
refused permission to see the imprisoned or to bring them needed food.
Buch acts oi terrorism on tlie part of
men who boast that they want to bring
about tho happiness of tho cntiro human race aro incomprehensible, and
they arouse the indignation of tho cntiro civilized world, which ia now learning about tho events at Petrograd.
Thcdiplomatic corps has deemed it
necessary to convoy its indignation to
tho People's Commissary Zinovioff. It
protests energetically against tho arbitrary acts occurring ovory day. The
representatives of tho neutral governments roaorve for their governments the
right to-demand of tho persons guilty
of these arbitrary acts the noedod satisfaction and personal legal responsibility.
The diplomatic corps requests that,
this noto bc brought to tho attention of
the Soviot governmont..
(Signed) E. Odier, Swiss Ambassador,
President of the Diplomatic Corps in
Russia.
Answer of the Soviet Oovernment
To the Representatives of tho Capitalist Neutral Powers:
The note handed to us by the representatives of the neutral powers on
September 5, constitutes an aet of gross
interference in tho internal affairs of
Russia. Tho Soviet government might
leave this aet withoat any answer whatever. But the Soviet government utilizes with pleasure every opportunity to \
make clear to the popular masses of all
countries the nature of its policies, for
the reason that it is the representative
not only of the working class of Russia, but of the entire exploited human
race. Tho People's Commissary for
Foreign Affairs therefore gives its answer regarding the mattor in quostion.
The neutral powors endeavor to give
a description of the condition of the
suppressed bourgeoise of Russia that is
calculated to arouBO the deepest sympathy in thc hearts of the bourgeoise
of tho entiro world. It iB not our pur-
poBO to refute the inventions of tho representatives of tho neutral powers,
who in their note, repeat every Blander
brought by thc Russian bourgeoise
agninst the Red Army. We need not
refute a single allegation about a concrete case of arbitrariness, first, because the representatives of theneutrnl
powers do not quote a singlo concrete
ease, nnd. second, because in every
war—we find ourselves in a condition
of civil war—there will happen misdeeds of individuals.
The represontnt ives of the neutral
powers do not protest agalnBt scattered
misdeeds on the part of irresponsible
persons, but against the regime enacted by tho workers*' nnd peasants' government in its strugglo ngainst the
class exploiters.
Before we explain why the workers'
and peasants' govornment applioa the
rod terror, ngninst which tho representatives of the neutral powers protest in
the name of humanity, und becnuse
of which thoy.threaten us with the indignation of the entirn civilized world,
we shnll tnke the liberty of asking
them  ii few questions.
Is it known to the representatives of
thn neutral powers that, already in its
fifth year .thero rages an international
| war into which a little clique of bankers, generals and burenucrnts haB pushed the mnsses of tho people of the en-
tiro world; that tho masses of tho people are mutually destroying themselves
and are cutting ench others' throats so
that the capitalists may profit billions?
Is it known to them that in this war,
not only have millions of human beings
been killed at the front, but that both
warring   parties   have   bombed   open
citios nnd have killed unarmod womon
and chlldronf    Is it known to them
thnt in this war one of tho warring parties has sentenced millions of human
beings to death by starvation in that
contrary to international law. it has
cut off the supply of bread, hoping that,
bv means of the starvation of children,
it can force upon the other pnrty nn
unconditional surrender!   Is it known
to them that the warring parties tnke
as prisoners hundreds of thousnnds of
unarmod    peaceful    citizons,    puttinsr
them to forced labor fnr from hearth
and home, nnd taking from them every
right of rodrcsst   Is it known to them
thnt in all warring countries the ruling
capitalist clique has robbed tho masses
of the people of tho right of assembly
of the freedom of the press, and of thi
right to atriko, and that, for even the
faintest attempt at protest ngainst tho
white terror of tho bourgeoise, the workers are sent to jail or aro sont to thc
front in ordor to kill within thom every
thought of their human rightst
All these pictures of tho extirpation
of thc working class in tho nnme of
capitalist interests, all those pictures of
the white terror of the beourgeoise, are
more than well-known to tho governments of the neutral powers und to
their representatives in Russia. And
yet, they have either forgotten the
higher ideals of "humanity," or they
forgot, in this case, to remind the bourgeoise of the warring countries, dripping with tho blood of tho musses of
tho peoplo, or these ideals.
The so-called neutral countries did
not dare to protest, with so much ns a
single word, against tho whito terror
of capital; aye, they did not even wish
to protest, becauso the bourgeoise of
all neutral countries aided thc capital-,
ists of the warring countrios to continuo tho war for the reason that they
make millions by furnishing war material to both imperialist camps.
Wo shall permit ourselves to ask still
another quostion; Havo tho representatives of tho neutral powers over heard
anything about tho bloody suppression
of tho Sinn Feiners in Dublin! About
tho shooting without court order, of
hundreds of Irishmen, Including Skeffington! ' Havo thoy ovor heard of tho
white torror in Finland, of the tons of
thousands shot, of .the tons of thousands of working mon rotting in jails,
of thoir wives and children, none of
whom wore ever charged with anything
or ovor will bo! Havo they not heard
of the mass executions of workers and
peasants in tho Ukraine! Of tho mass
shootings of tho workingmen by tho
brave Szecho-Slovaks, these hirelings of
Fronch-English capital! Tho governments of the so-called neutral countries
noard of all this, but novor did tho
thought occur to them to protest
against theso arbitrary nets of tho bourgeoise in suppressing the working class
movement, because they themselves are
roady at any moment to shoot tho workers battling for their rights ,and in
their own countricB they aro ready, in
the name and for the defence of tho interests of the bourgeoise, to suppross
the slightest sign of the rising of an
indignant working class.
It is sufficient to remind oneself of
tho recent suppression by military force
of lubor demonstrations in Denmark,
in Norway, in Holland, In Switzerland,
etc. Not yot have tho workerB of Switzerland, Holland and Denmark riBen,
but already do tho governments of
these countries Snobilizo tho military
forcos against the slightest movement
of protCBt on tho pa.lt of tilC workers.
When the representatives of thd uoutrej
eonutrics threaten us with the indignation of tho civilized world .and protest
against the red torror in the name of
humanity ,then wo call their attention
to the, fact that they havo not been
sent to Russia to defend tho principlos
of humanity, but to take caro of tho
interests of capitalist states; and wo
adviso them not to threaten us with
the indignation of the civilized world
that is dripping from hend to foot with
tho blood of tho workors, but themselves to tremble beforo the wrath of
tho masses of the people of tho ontire
world, who will rise against a "civilization" which has plunged tho wholo
human race* into unspcftkablo misory of
a butchery without end.
In tho entiro capitalist world rules
the white terror against thc working
class. The working class of Russia has
put an.ond to CzariBin, whose bloody
regime never called forth the protests
of tho neutral countries. Tho working
classes of Russia have put an end to
thc .rule of tho bourgeoiso which, under
the banner of the revolution and with
the silent consent of the neutral countries, massacred the soldiers because
they were no longor willing to shed
their blood for tho benefit of the war
speculators, massacred the peasants becauso they declared the soil to be their
property—the land thoy had tilled for
hundreds of yoars—and had watored
with their sweat.
Tho majority of the RuBsian people,
as represented in tho second congress
of the workers, peasants, soldiers and
Cossack doputies, placed the governmental powor in the hands of the workers and peasants. A handful of capitalists who deBircd to repossess themselves of the factories and banks taken
from them on behalf of tho peoplo; a
handful of landowners who want to
take again from tho peasants tho land
they now hold; a handful of generals
who again want to teach docility to
tho workers and peasants with n whip,
have refused to recognizo the decision
of the Russian people. With tho monoy
of foreign capitalists they havo mobilized counter-revolutionary bandits, by
whose aid thoy cut Russia off from
bread bo that tho bony hand of hunger
may stranglo tho Russian revolution.
Having convinced themselves of the
impoBBibility of overthrowing the workers' government, supported by the
masses of the workers, they orgunizo
conntor-revolutionary riots iu order to
the workers' and peasants' government
from pursiung its constructive work, in
rdor to prevent it from freeing the
_ountry from the ariflrehy into which
the criminal policy of the former governments hns plunged it. They have
betrayed Russia in thc north, in the
south, and in tho enst to foreign Imperialist Btntes, by calling foreign bay*
onots from wherever thoy could get
thenv
Hidden behind a forest of foreign
bayonets, they send hired assassins to
destroy the lenders of the working class
in whom not only tho proletariat of
Russia, but tho entire human nice sees
the personification of its hopes. The
Russian working peoplo will crush mercilessly this counter-revolutionary
clique' which, with the aid of foreign
capital and the Russian bourgeoise,
wants once moro to put the slave's
noose around tho neck of the Russian
people.
We declare to the proletariat of the
entire world that neither hypocritical
protests nor specious plea will ftrotoct
from punishment those who, on behalf
of capital, riso in arms against the wor
ktirs and the poor peasants, and who
would again starve them and entangle
thom in new wars in the interest of
capitalism. Wo assure equal rights and
equal freedom to all thoso who loyally
fulfill their duty as citizons of the Socinlist workers' and peasants' republic.
To those we bring peace, but to our
enemies, we bring merciless war. We
nre convinced that the masses of the
people of all countries, suppressed and
tortured by a mero handful of exploiters, will understand that in Russin
force Is used only in the namo of the
sacred cause of tho liberation of the
masHos of the people; we are convinced
that not only will thoy understand, but
that .they will also follow us.
Wc reject emphatically, interference
on the part of ncntral capitalist powers
iu bohnlf of the Russinn bourgeoise,
and declare that nny attempt on the
part of tho representatives of these
powers to go beyond the boundaries of
the lawful protection of thoir own nationals will bc regarded as an attempt
to give support to tho RuBsian counterrevolution.
People's Commissary of Foreign Affairs,        0. W. TSCHIT8CHERIN.
—The Nation.
I AWAKENING
OF IHE PEOPLE
Society   Must  Be  Reconstructed on a New Eco-...
nomic Basis
Tho task of social reconstruction after tho war offers hopo for a better
world, but it also demands cournge and
clearlsighteducss. This task must be
carried out by tho common peoples
through representatives who are closo
to thoir counsels and inspired by their
great faith and vision. This is tho
message given-by Arthur Henderson,
tho influential British Labor leader, in
an article in tho Methodist Times, of
London. Mr. Henderson's urticlc, whieh
is woll worthy of thoughtful perusal,
reads as follows;
Any victory, howovor spectacular
and dramatic in a military sense it
may be, which falls short of tho realization of tho ideals with which wo entered tho war, will not be a victory but
a defoat.
Wo strive for victory becauso wo
want to end war altogether, not
merely to prove tho superiority of British arms ovor thoBo of Germany. Wo
continuo the strugglo, dreadful though
tho cost of it has becomo, becauso we
havo to forco reparation for a groat
wrong perpetuated upon a small, unoffending nation, to liberate subject
peoples and onable them to live under
a form of governmont of their own
choosing, and -to destroy, fcot a great
nation, but a militarist autocracy
which 'had deliberately planned war
without considering the intorest either
of their own peoplo or of tho European
Commonwealth of which they wcro a
part.
Whon victory in tho sense of the collapse of the military powor in tho Central Empires, is at last achieved, we
shall bo confronted with tho task of
transplanting military success into its
political, economic and social equivalent in this country and overy other. It
will not bo a democratic victory if it
results merely in tho restoration of tho
capitalistic rcgimo which the war hns
discredited and destroyed. Victory for
tho peoplo menns somothing more than
the continunnco of the old system of
production for tho 'profit of a small
owning class, on tho basis of wago-
slavery for tho producing classes. The
hard, cruel, competitive cystoni of production must bo replaced by a system
of cooperation under which tho status
of tho workers will bo revolutionized,
and in which tho squalor and poverty,
the economic insecurity, and socinl
miseries of the past will havo no placo.
This is the groat task beforo tho politicians of tho future,
Character and Intellect Necessary.
Then wo must romomber that tho
coming period of reconstruction, ovon
moro than tho remaining period of the
war, will imposo upon tho leaders of
tho civilized stntes new and searching
toBt-s of character and intellect. As wo
draw nearer to the end of the war we
begin to seo moro clearly tho magnitude of tho problems that peace will
bring. So vast, intricate, and fundamental have been tho changes wrought
during tho last three and a half years
that we are sometimes tempted to think
the will and intelligence of men will
be unequal to the task of dealing with
them.
Still more may wo feel sometimes
that tho problems of reconstruction will
be handled by men too impatient to
think things through, too tired nnd
cynical to respond to the glowing faith
in a finer future for the world which
now inspires the multitudes of common
poople who havo striven ao heroically
and suffered so pationtly during tho
war. For national leadership to full into the hands of such mon in tho great
now days upon which wo Bhall presently enter would be a disaster almost
as great as tho war itsolf.
If thero could bo anything worso
than an empire in control of stato
policy when peaco comes, it would bo
tho influenco of a cynic upon tho splendid enthusiasm aud revolutionary ardor
of democracy, newly awakened to a
consciousness of its power and eager to
build a bettor futuro for mankind,
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of Men's Gloves atSpencer's
MORE THAN  50  KINDS TO CHOOSE FROM—MANT ARE THB
OLD VALUES
Tan cape, wool lined .. $2.00
renin's tan  capeskin,   unllned
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Tan mocha, wool lined SI.75
Dent's grey suede, block stitching, unllned.    Price  82,00
Tun cape, unllned    $2.25
and 82.50
Pcrrln'a   wash   cape,   unllned,
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Dent's    real   Gazelll,   unllned,
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Dent's  tan   cape,   wool   lined,
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Orey suede, silk lined 82.50
Dent's tan and grey mocliii, wool
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Dark   tan   mocha,   unllned.
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Tan Chevrette, unllned, 82.75
Silk lined  83.25
Buckskin, light and dark buff,
«t  82.75
Dent's tan cape, unllned 82.75
Powne's grey mocha, silk lined,
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Dent's grey suede, silk lined,
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Dent's tan mocha, wool lined,
strap wrist  83.00
Dent's khaki suedo, unllned 83
Fowne's tan driving gloves, unllned   ....' 83.00
Fowne's  Rusclan  tan,  unlinod.
hand sewn   S3.00
Dark tan mocha, slik lined. 83
Khaki suede, silk lined 83.50
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Fowne's fur lined 84,95
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Tan cape, stiff gauntlet, fringed,
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Dogskin,   soft   gauntlet,    wool
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Tan   cape,   stiff  cuff,   fringed)
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wool lined   83.50
Same, black  83.95
Tan   cape,   stiff   folding   cuff,
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Wool lined  84.95
—Men's Store, Main Floor.
DAVID SPENCER Ltd.
THE APOSTLE OF PEACE
By M. L BITES.
If thore is in tho world a man who
is able, sincere and anxious to inculcate the ideal of permanent peace between tho nations, creeds and classes,
that man, if he succeeds^ will become,
no doubt, an immortal as "The'
Apostle of tho World *s Permanent
Pence." He must bo prepared, how-'
over, to convince the world that force,
physical force, be it militaristic, cleri-
calistic, or economic, that physical
forco of any character must be entirely eliniinuted, becauso force nnd
peace, liko fire and water, or liko
wealth and poverty, can nevor be
brought to embrace one another with
good will and harmony.
All the tribal wars, all tho racial
wars, all tho religious wnrs and all the
economic wars wcro tho direct outgrowth of physical force. Thc Apostle
of Penco must bo prepared to convince
thc world that man and instiutions
which nro using physicnl forco to promoto thoir ambitions aro in tho same
stato of constant fear for their very
existence as aro tho victims who arc
compelled to meet that forco. Men
and instiutions, liko the czar and tho
Bussian autocracy, or liko tho kaiser
and his militaristic machino which kopt
the world trembling, aro now thrown
into tho garbage pilo of history as^o
much of miasmatic slime. Tho miserable and shameful chd of those mon
and of theso instiutiong should servo
as a warning as "Tho Handwriting on
the Wall," for tho lcadors and institutions of all other unscrupulous forces
that, if it was possiblo for the masses
to destroy tho moat vicious autocracy
and the most gigantic militaristic machine, how much easier and quicker
could be tho destruction of artificial
forces and thoir self-conceited leaders
if they persist in fanning tho discontent   of   the   outraged   and   enraged
Are You a Union Man ?
Aro you holping to support a
laundry or other businoss houses
which will persist in oppressing
tho laboring class of people!
Wo all know thore is a right
and wrong way to ovory contention. Wo boliovo in unionB and
give them our best support.
YOUB Union x
laundry girls aro engaged in a
bitter fight and need all your
help to win out.
Probably 30 to 40 meat markets in this city havo signod up
for a yenr to use couts nnd
aprons supplied by n strikebreaking laundry. It is up to
you as union men and women to
find out from your meat market
or grocery storo if thoy use scab
laundry, thereby assisting places
that havo no sympathy for tho
girls that are fighting for fair
working conditions.
The Workers Are Awakening.
Tho outstanding fact of world poll
tics at tho present time—and when
peaco comes this fact will bo made
moro clear—is that a great tide of revolutionary feeling is rising in evory
country. Everywhero tho peoples oro
becoming conscious of powor. They aro
beginning to sit in judgment upon their
rulors. They aro beginning to aak
questions about tho policies that have
brought tho world to the odge of sccu-
Inr ruin.
In this war thc peoplo havo shown
themselves capable of heroic sacrifices
und resolute endurance becauso thoy
love liborty ond desire peace. The hope
that tho issuo of thiB war will be an
increaso of froodom, not only for thorn-
selves, but for those who havo lived
under tho yoko of alien tyrannies, has
sustainod tho pooplo of this country
throughout these years of war. It has
caused them to pour out tho blood of
their best and bravest, to surrender
hard-won liberties, to toil unremittingly
in factory, Held and mino, to spend
without stint tho material wealth ac-1
cumulated through years of peace and'
prosperity.
But the people will not choose to entrust their destinies at tho Peaco Conference to statesmen who havo uot
perceived the moral significance of the
struggle, and who are not prepared to
mako a pooplo's peace. We want to
replace the material force of arms by
tho moral forco of right in tho governance of the world. For thnt great task
of the immediate future we want national loaders who are not only responsive to the inspirations and impulses of
domocracy, but who aro qualified to
guide- thc mighty energies ot democracy in the task of building up tho new
social order.
Never before have the people boen
confronted with problems of greater
magnitude, international and national,
economic and political, social and personal; but nover have thoy had so good
an opportunity of taking hold of theso
problems for themselves. Tho policies
and programmes of thc orthodox parties have littlo relevance to thp new
situation. Political parties* bound by
tradition, saturated with- class prejudice, out of touch with the living
movements of thought and fooling
among tho people, cannot easily adopt
themselves to tho.changed conditions,
the new demands, tho enlarged ideals
to which the war has givon rise
Tho Apostle of Peace must point out
to th,o world calmly and fearlessly that
now more than over in the history of
tho past the master forces and their
leaders should carefully feol their way
through tho path of volcanic masses
which at bost is only covered with a
very thin crest that is liable to erupt
at any moment and drag them into tho
deep of tho heaving lava. To must
warn thcra that their latest weapon
against the proletarian, tho weapon of
coercion, blackmail nnd denunciation
is so farcical, impudent and inconsistent that it will only provoke greater
hatred; stronger indignation and an
irresistible incentivo to use tho master's methods of retaliation.
Tho proletarian who*endurod, suffered and outlived all the weapons of
cruelty ond torture at tho hands of his
master; who for thousands of years has
boon forced to slave—now as a plebeian
and serf, now as a chattel nnd a beast
of burden; who wns forced to fight his
life away in his master's wars on tho
battlefields; who was always overworked and underfed in time of ponce;
who crawled deep into tho bowels of
the earth to dig out the hidden treasures for his master; who built for his
master castles and palaces only to return to his hovel or gutter; ho, whose
wifo and even his children were
forced to toil for his mnster in the
sweatshops, mills nnd fnctories; ho who
has been doing all this for his mnster
with the endurance und patience of a
rook and for whom in roturn for all
thla his master could isparo nothing better thnn jails, slums nnd underworlds;,
now when the proletarian became con
scious of his strength and of his inv
portanco and came to realizo that his
Hulf-emnncipation will not only lift him
to the sunshine of life, but will also
save his master from the degeneracy
into which he sunk through his super*
fluities and through tho abnormal life
he was leading; will he listen now to
his dissipated voico of defamation and
blackmail!
Tho ApoBtlo of Peace will have to
decry thu co-existence of tho idling
master and tho toiling mnn, ob theHc
two will alwayB create au arbitrary
situation which will make the ideal of
permanent peace absolutely impossible.
The Apostle of Peace will have to
demonstrate tho fact that from times
immemorial and until the present day
Maybe you havo a littlo girl
like this iu your home. Sho may
bo forced some day to earn a living tho same as thc laundry girls.
If you think she should have a
fair chanco in tho world to compete for an honest living now is
your chanco to show it.
A week ago the Economy Market, from the order boy up, refused to sign fpr scab laundry or
havo anything to do with
any labor-defeating coalition,
and tako this opportunity
of stating our position, confident
that labor will show its disapproval by not patronising
those markets who depend on
you for their means to curry on,
aud yot turn their backs ou
Unionism.
1   Are you a Union man,
OR DO YOU JUST
THINK YOU AEE?
Economy Meat Market
LIMITED
There   is  one in  your  locality.
Food License No. 9—11711
destroying them as the clnss governments havo always done in tho past
whenever they attempted to dispossess
ono another.
The Apostlo of Penco must mnko it
clear to the world that all causes which
aro creating arbitrary elements must bo
weodod out to the vory root if tho
realm of permanent penco on earth and
good will to men is to be established.
tho musses of; the worijj have always
been misused aud abused by the
classes under any and all forms of government and therefore it is psychologically impossible to expect that the
masses would voluntarily permit the
continuation of class, rule.
Class government, per se, has cither
been the direct cause of discontent and
war or hus utterly failed to keop' the
world in contcntcdness and in peace,
and therefore for its own good and for
the good of the world, it should step
aside and transfer thc affairs of the
world to tho toiling masses who havo
been the actual makers of the material
world, and who will, naturally, become
inspired with tho highest incentives to
build up and preserve the results of
their labors and struggles Instead of
Boilermaker's Terrible Experience
Lost  in thc   woods for oight days,
without food, and seeing Ms companion
din of exhaustion, was the terriblo experience of Tom Douglns.
Douglas and P. Peters (both membors of the Boilermakers' Union) left
Victoria on Saturday, December 7, on
a hunting expedition. As thoy did not
roturn a search party under Game
Warden Gidlcy wont out on Thursday
but failed to trace tho men. On Saturday a large party was organised, and
after much difficulty Douglas waa
found, utterly exhausted, on the bank
of a small creek between the socond
and third Coldstream lakes. His feet
were badly frozen, and he hod been
without fqpd for .seven days. Owing
to heavy snow Peters and Douglas had
lost thoir way, and after wandering
aimlessly around Peters became exhausted, and falling down was unable
to rise again. He died on Monday and'
to date his body has not been recovered
as Douglas was in such a Btate as to
bo unable to remember very mueh, being delirious when found. Tho unfortunate man leaves a wife and three
children, residing in Clovcrdale district.
Lot us know if you do not got your
paper.   This office Is the place to kick. amam
FBIDAY...
...December 20, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
WHEN BUYING MEAT
ASK TO SEE THIS CARD , THERE'S A REASON
0s
*%
MM^mMM
THIS IS TO CERTIFY. That tbl> MM Market It conducted In
accordance with the rule* of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters
•od Butcher Workmen of North America, A. F. of L.
Therefore we commend It to the patronage of all.
IttUIO SV AUTHOfllTV 0. THC .MALQAU.TCO MCAJ CUTTCRl
AND lUTCNCS WOftKMIN OF NOHTH AMIfllOA. A. F OT L
VANCOUVER'S RECORD
WILL BEAR SCRUTINY
**->***
-tt*****
Professional Traducers of Trades Unions and Labor
* Organizations Answered by Indisputable
Evidence
»»»»**
»**»»»
******
Superior
Printing
AT MODERATE
PRICES
Telephone:
Sey. 7495
LABOR TEMPLE
The FEDERATIONIST
can supply all yout Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation for
SUPERIOR PRINTING
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
******
PROBABLY AT NO other point in the Domimnion of Canada has
there been such concorted and organized effort* made to discredit
Labor in the eyes of tho so-called patriots. Tho political intent of
this agitation has always been apparent to the workers, who needed
no other proof than the faot that every such move, when carefully
probed, disclosed the same little band of kept political gangsters in
the immediate background. Not only has this been apparent in such
vicious attacks as have been made, but also in the deliberate checking
and obstructing of every move that had for its object the bringing
together for common understanding of the returned soldier and the
workor.
It only remains to be said that when the trades union soldiers and
their friends have all returned who are able to do so, that such efforts
will bo moro readily recognized than they are even now, and the
worker—jn and out of khaki—may be trusted to act in accordance
with the evidence. The day of the political heeler is getting shorter,
and the fact that he may wear or have worn khaki will be nocamou-
Mage to the returned citizen soldier.
ONE-THIRD OF TYPOS,
MR. CIGAR SMOKER !
—REMEMBEB THAT—
UNION BLUE LABEL CIGARS
—ABE   MADE   UNDEB—
Sanitary Conditions and First-Class Workmanship
5'?;-^P*#?3?S''33e^
$,       Issued by Au-Jtorityoi tha Cigar Makers' International union of America.
_-fiS3*_. ■». „ Union-jnade Cigars.      •*
/§5)(OKSa Btl» <£tl1lfir:l. iw rn ;™n co,mi>.<, mn,,, u< ~.i bim •««■ tr. fict UJSS 'AilkOT
t»r*_£_£, \.l '."t'Wci'iHlCffi'a'iwtFts'iiiltSMiioiui UMOnirAw.it,. in ,----i--*>Mde.*l--'Blh,'d.
■t-I-sir'mnM';! '*J"**'-*"i.'.''-*<™uAitm*uui-;twnwLMii*fl[Ornt['jiAff   t_nton««i«M_ud
'llfk'.-jUL./?, . .W* c*",s •* •" W***r» mrwaiwui in, -wM
1 \_-?3_Ty$p MI***!.*--*.***ufwlbiUMMtfbtp***-.**,--**d.--tell*,.
Xfi3»**r y yp (fajfa^ httidiitt.
LOOK rOB THIS BLUE LABEL ON THB BOX
Cigarmakers Lockout and Strike
REMEMBER —Tuckett's "Club Special," "Marguerite,"
"Preferred," also "La Proferencia," "Carabana," "Ovido"
and other Cigars.
DO NOT BEAR OUR BLUE UNION LABEL
Cignrmakers Joint Advisory Board
10 Sub. Cards
Good for ono y-atr't labMiiptioa le Tk* B.
C. r«der«tloDiit. will tw mailed to Uf td-
drm Id CinuJi for $13.60. [Ootii uywhtre
on tilde ot Vinwtavtr eity.) Ordw tea to*
dny.   Pemlt whsn told.
IN CANADIAN ARMY
Vancouver Typographical Union Has a
Heavy Becord of Casualties
and Big Enlistment
Sinco tho commencement of tho
great wnr in 1914, fifty-six journeymen
nnd eleven apprentice members of Vancouver Typographical Union have enlisted for military duty. Of theso
seven journeymen havo boon killed, and
twenty journeymen and throo apprentices moro or less seriously wounded.
Immediately upon tho outbreak of
hostilities, tho loeal union levied an
assessment for thc purposo of raising a
fund from which to pny international
dues of all members donning khaki,
thus protecting thoir monetary benefits
in tho organization. Up to* tho end of
Novembor, 11)18, tho sum of $1865.50
hus been collected and paid out for
this purposo.
Internntionnl mortuary benefits,
amounting to $1975 havo been pnid to
dependents of members who wore killed
on nctivo aervice.
A completo list of thoso who havo
boon in tho service follows:
Journeymen—M. B. Archibald, F.
Bayley, E. C. Bell, M. Birnio, W. Board-
mun, H. Brown, W. Cruickshank, L. E.
Dennison, L. A. Elliott, L. T. English,
P. Fnrrcll, P. Fleetwood, F. B. Flom-
ing, \V. Fogarty, E. H. Gough, D. Hawking, F. Hobbs, J. V. Jones, D. C. JonoB,
F. journoaux, P. Kcllas, A. Laing, W.
Q. Laing, B. P. Lntta, A. LcKaslo, W.
Macklin, E. Mason, J. B. Melsom, W.
Murdoch, J. McCurrach, P. H. McEwen,
A. McLcnn, M. McLean, W. G. UcMor-
ris, A. D. Nowborry, J. T. O'Brion, E.
Odium, L. G. Oro, H. F. Palmor, O. W.
Pettipiece, T. H. Potts, A. Prico, H.
Robins, G. A. Eooddo, B. Boso, J. W.
Boss, C. Sandoll, F. M. Satro, A. Scott,
I. Snolgrovo, \V. Taylor, C. Tullidgo, C.
Uren, A. Walkor, S. Williamson, W. H,
Youhill.
Apprentices—A. H. Baker, P. Camp*
bell, C. T. Crompton, D. Dugnid, H. C.
Fltcchor, L. Kean, F. W. Mattix, L. V.
Moody, H. W. Morgan, D. Wilson, J.
McBrido.
Kiilcd—F. Bayley, B. C. Latta, JS.
Mason, M. McLean, A. Prico, A. Scott,
I. Snclgrove.
Wounded—M. B. Archibald, W.
Boardman, W. CruickBhnnk, P. Fleetwood, F. E. Fleming, W. Fogarty, F.
Hobbs, J. V. Jones, A. Laing, A. LcKaslo, W. Murdoch, J. McCurrach, A,
McLcnn, J. T. O'Brion, E. Odium, L. G.
Oro, T. H. Potts, J. W. Ross, W. Taylor, C. Tullidgo, C. T. Crompton, D. Du-
guid, F. W. Mattix.
THE MUOH MALIGNED
LONGSHORE WOBKEBS
Huge Becord of Enlistments of International Longshoremen Will
Surprise Traducers
Probably no ono organization has been
subjected to tho samo ooneontration of
calumny as has this Vnncouver locaL
Union Blue Label
Cigars
El Doro and El Sf delo
McLEOD, NOLAN & Co.
Makers >
LONDON, ONT.
What bettfer can you
give a smoker for
Christmas?
These cigars are made
from the highest grades
of Imported Tobacco
grown under the most
sanitary conditions, in
a strictly union factory.
Any honest connoisseur
of tobacco will tell you
that they are the Cigar
of Cigars.
Por Sale Everywhere
If your dealor hasn't got tham,
writo S. J. ELMEB, 3111 Albert! SL,
Vancouvtr, B. 0.
The only reason that can be assigned
for this probably is that among their
membership are to bo found thoso woll
ablo and, moreover, always wilUng to
givo a reason for "tho faith 1-hat is
within them." As to the calibro of tho
men, from whatever standpoint, who
aro to bo found along tho waterfront,
tho genoral public hns been led by the
subsidized press to fearful and fervid
conclusions. Tho moving spirits, in
common with all other workors, believe
thnt if thoro aro any among tho returned mon who aro still boing misled
by "political shystors" thnt timo and
economic conditions will bo sufficient to*
demonstrate to thom that thoy stUl bolong to tho working class, and that in
spito of tho carofufly prepared attacks
which have boon mado, nnd may yet
bo attempted, tho solidarity of tho in*
torosts of tho workor will bo established in spite of a khaki camouflage
List of 123 Longshoremen who havo
joined tho Cnnadian army: J. Alexander, J. Ashley, J. Armstrong, W. Ab-
biss, J. Arbucklo, R. Boll, T. Brocn, F.
Behrcns, M. Britton, W. Bryun, D.
Bridges, F. Bartlett, E. Boaver, A. Boaver, W. Bruford, A. Bush, E. Bryan, L.
Banibcr, Barney Barnes.
G. Cunningham, F. Collins, C. Collins,
F. Corbott, R. Clarkson, T. Cathcart,
P. W. Codling, W. A. Critchlow, F. Corner, Jas. Connor, J. Clydesdale, T. Duff,
J. Dawson, F. Dewhorst.
J. Elphich, T. Earloy, E. J. Emmott,
A. Florontin, G. Flotchcr, E. Flood, W.
Furber, W. Ferguson, S. Ferguson, Jas.
Finnigan, Bon Fiddler, W. Fuller.
J. H. Groy, F. Goodings, T. Goohcan,
H. Hargreavos, W. Huish, H. Haw-
thorno, Poto Hopo, J. Hargreavos, H.
Harness, A. E. Hands, J. E. Hughos, H.
Hoskin, A. Hazoldonc, C. F. Harris, T.
Icomonger, J. A. Johnston.
J. Kirkwood. A. Kirkwood, D. Low-
rey, E. J. Lonvons, J. Miles, G. Martin,
J. Monoghau, C. Mooro, M. Mahor, A.
D. Maclean, A. Maelcod, D, Moointyre,
D. Maclonnan, 8. Maclean, A. Macdcr-
mott, T. McLaughlin, W. MoEwan, E.
Roberts, A. Mills, W. Mitchell, R.
Milno, T. J. Middlomnss, Joo Martin,
H. Moylo, J. McGuinnoss.
A. Ormond, E. Patterson, H.* Paper,
E. Prosoott, W. Pollard, H. Phillips, S.
Palmor, J. Pottor.
J. Robertson, D. Eodor, T. Bichards,
W; H. Eandnll, W. Eussoll, D. Ross, J.
Sackley, J. Stownrt, B. Stylos, H. j_uuii-
dors, S. St. Hill, E. Slocomb, O. Shur*
key, T. P. Smith, W. M. Smith, T.
Shoohan, S. Stewart, C. Sharpo, J.
Thornton, 8. Thompson, T. Tuokor, C.
Thompson, Joo Thornton, E. Wcldon,
Goo. Ward, John Whyto, T. Williamson.
CIGARMAKERS HAVE
BIG REPRESENTATION
Twenty-three   Enlistments   From   an
Average Membership of
Seventy-flve.
Following members of Cigarmakers'
Local 357 joined the Canadian army or
navy during tho world wnr. Each member was given o war retiring card, entitling him to his old standing without
payment of dues or assessments upon
his return to the trado.
Louis Aid, George Bacon, Chris.
Behnsen, Stanley Cottrell, James Hnln-
well, John Jones, Leland Lambert,
Georgo King, Albert Knudsen, T. M.
Eokish, James Hill, T. H. McQueen,
James McGregor, F. ProScan, Tonoy
Pugslsy, A. A. Eoynolds, A. V. Stow-
art, Luke Slavin, H. B. Smith, John
Saugmolin, F. Davidson, H. Vernon,
Bichard Shaw.
TILE LAYERS RECORD
60 PER OENT. ENLISTMENT
Local (2 Is a Small Organisation bnt
Holds a Big Becord In
War Service.
All those men have soon servico In
the lighting Hne.   Killed—Bobort Herron and Georgo  Swain.    Wounded—
Goorge Anthony Bricoln, Charles Lamb,
James   Borwiek,   Tommy   Groy   and
George Popo.   Others serving are: A.
Churuinn, William Wheelwright, Tommy King, Dnvid Oro, T. Pnrtlett and
Arthur Bartlett.
PAGE NINE
BOOKBINDERS' UNION
TELLS SAME STORY
Tho Bookbinders form one of tho
smallest organizations iu any city, but
nevertheless tho Vancouver local hae a
record roading as follows. All such
mombors aro maintained in good
standing by thoso left behind ia the
uiioa.
Killed in action—Bro. Moyloa. Othors in servico—Jack Enzoy, Georgo
Mowatt, Francis J. Milno, Donald Mo-
Coll, Georgo Hinton, Thomas Cntts and
Ed J. Cook.
LATHERS' UNION HAS
TWO MEMBERS KILLED
The following is a list of mombors
of Local 207 who havo dono thoir bit in
tho war: Harry Munduy und William
Scranton, killed in action; Georgo W.
Morris, John Ealtorty, Bill Bofferty, S.
Eisler, George Munro, Poroy Orr.
BOILERMAKERS AND
IRON SHIPBUILDERS
Secretary of Local 191 Sees Lack of
Necessary Support in Providing
for Eetnmed Men.
Tho -list of members joining the army
not   complote.     Secretary   Fraser
adds: '
"Wo havo always tried to help all
tho roturned mon looking for work in
the shipyards all we could, but in doing so wo didn't always get tho support of tho employers, that is in tho
way of giving thom a chonee to make
good, because of the old wounds and
iricknoss, and aftor boing away from
work so long."
Following is tho list of membors of
Local 194 who havo donnod tho khaki:
E. V. Bovill, H. Wilkinson (diod), W.
M. Chrisholm, A. Forest (died), V. Do*
Grace, J. H. Elder, A. Hudson, D. Hnr*
tm, J. E. Hicks, H. C. Johnston, J.
McEwon, J. McDonald, A. McNeil, V.
Marshall, F. Milno, F. Botworth, F. C
Biclmrdson, J. Eidioy, D. Rohortson, V.'
Harris, W. G. Thompson, H. L. West-
lake, D. Brush, W. Foden, B. Mitcliel,
P. Mundill, J.»M. Wilson, J. McColl
(killed), W. McColl and J. E. Hntt
(diod).
together with other postal employees,
contributed handsomely.
Tho following is a list of members
who enlisted sinco tho beginning of
tho war: C. Askham, H. E. Atkinson,
P. M. Barker, G. W. Blnke, V. A.
Bourne, W. S. Chantrcll, G. Churchill,
C. O. Davi-Json, A. L. Dunlop, J. H.
Foster, T. Fylcs, T. Gray, M. H. Harlock, F. D. Hickman (reservist), P. R.
Hole, L. Holland, J, Jamieson, A. D.
Johnston, J. McL. Keist, C. V. C. Kilbank, H. 8. LcMossurior, A. H. Lock,
A. McLellan, J. McLellnn, J. Mutrio,
D. A. MacAskill, A. Macdonald, W.
Maync, J. B. Metcalf, 0. A. Mills, C.
MorrisWhito, F. Moss, S. H. Moulang,
D. McK. Murphy, B. J. Orr, K. E.
Pooko, A. Potter, M. Prendergast, A.
W. Puttiek, E. N. Beid, J. Bickson, D.
Sacson, 0. W. Scales, A. Strang, G.
Strang, 8. Taylor (roaorvlst), F.
Thompson, A. T. Thomson, A. J. Tole,
R. A. Watson, F. 'W. Wright, A. Wy-
bora (reservist).
From tho substitute mon employed to
replace thoso permnnent members who
had enlisted the following subsequently
joined: G. Bennott, S. L. Fawcctt, A.
Flay, J. Kincaid, J. Lofthouitc, C. Boy
Palmor, J. J. Price, J. Richardson, F.
E. Somerville, W. Taylor.
CARPENTERS FROM
(No. 1) AMALGAMATED
All Membera Ara Maintained In Oood
Standing Until Their Return
to Trade
The following is the record of en*
listincnt from Amalgamated Society of
Carponters   and   Joiners,   Vancouver
First Branch:  W. Stowort, C. Thynne,
J. Capewcll, S. H. Wilshiro, G. Stcttncr,
A. Glon, D. Campbell, J. Fowler, W. C.
Kellowny, J. B. Fryor, W. Dewar, G.
E. Bichlcy, T. 8. Coopo, W. Dennis,
W. Bevan, J. Whitolaw, C. H. Wilcox,
B. S. Johnson, W. Tullock, B. W.
Boberts, H. Bayncr, C. Howo, G. M.
Robertson, J. Fowiio, D. Hunter, J.
Cairndulf, 8. 0. Weeks, W. Hnrgravoa,
W. W. Cavorloy, A. Parkor, N. Haslem,
P. L. Lyons.
PILEDRIVERS AND
BRIDGEMEN No. 1S6
This Local Has Lost Only Ono Member
In the War So Far aa Con '
Be Learned
Local No. 150 of tho Bridgemen and
Piledrivers since tha beginning of tho
war havo had 30 mon from their ranks
enlist in tbo different battalions, some
in tho Engineers and somo in tho Railway Construction Corps. Tho Inter*
national has kept up all duos. The
local has from timo to time sent smokes
and comforts to tho boys at tho front
and havo tried to keep in touch with
all membors ovcrsoas. So far only oue
doath has occurred to tho enlisted
members.
Tho following men enlisted: Robort
Langill, Jas. E. Bobbie, Jno. Hellas,
Howard Hughos, Dave Taylor, J. E.
Harrison, Charlie Harrison, Ernest
Wharfield, Leonard Pitcher, Jack
Graham, Jno. Taylor, Joe Paquot, C.
Richardson, A. Hogan, H. Dugnn, C. B.
Mills, H. 0. Offendahl, Harold Graham,
Normnu Umlah, D. 8. McDonald, Gordon Campbell, Wm. Anderson, Andrew
Anderson, W, Grahnn., C. Norman, W.
Proctor, Robt. Steinbergor, Bert Egan.
U. A. OF PLUMBERS
AND STEAMFITTERS
Vancouver Glove Co.
223  CARRALL ST.
Phone Sey. 1250
Loggers Gloves
OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS
We Specialize in Making
RIGGING GLOVES
LOOAL TRADE* VWlOt SUMMIT
Councils
Trades aad Lator Coniell—Viator B. MM*
lor. loom 210, Lator Tempi..
Motel Tradaa  Council—t.  Walsh,  Lator
Tomplo.
Allied Printing Tradea Coaaall—B. M. Wet-
loads, Boi, ««, Vaaeauvar, B. 0.
Taoalrloal federation—Howe 1IW-I05, Vetee
Tomplo.
Brotherhood ol Cirpenterc DlaMot Coue-U*—
J* 0.  SaUk,  Boom SOS, Liber TampM
Vuooanr, B. 0.
Bakoro,  No.
Loesl Oalou
179—J.  Blaok,
Boole atnet.
Birbrn-8. H. Orant, 110 Camblo atnet,
Vaaeanvor, B. C.
Bloekamltka— Malcolm Porter,   dill Oxford
etreet, Vaneouvar, B. c.
Boilermaker.—A. friaer, 115 Lator Temple.
Bookblndaro—W. I*. Buakman, Boi Ud.
Boot and Shoo Workon—W, Ilvln, P. 0.
Boi 1057.
BrJ?.*I'.WorJ,r,—•*• b; Ash-mll. Belle U
1736 Fourtb avanaa waat.
Utor
Brlcklajora—William    8.    Dagiill,
Temple, Veneoover, B. C.
Brotberhood   Carpenten   Wo.   817—J,    B.
Campbell,  124—SOU Stnet Weil, North
Vancouver.
Brotberhood ol Locomotlvo Englneera—L. V.
Sollowey. 1157  Harwood  alrool,  Veacoe-
ver, B. 0.   Sermour 1S4SB.
Brotherhood   of   Locomotlvo   Firemen   aad
Bndnomoa—H. O   Setose,  1*195 Honor
BrSS.«'_'h,';0? Bailroad Kaplofooo—0. Bird,
3030 Ualon Btreet.
Brothorhood ol Kailwar Carmen—
Brothorhood   ol   HalntenanceofWar   Em*
iloyeeo—E. Corado, 336 Clark drive.
Bni_-""S *■' *M Cotton—Thoi. Aadenoa,
587 Homer atreet.
Cjj[innaker.-B. Crali, SS Kootenar Street,
half '     Blcl'»^lU"■• *•■ I *—•
Cltj Hall Employeea—D. Hoaerief, 1575
14th Avenuo Kelt.
Clrlo Employee!—o. Harriion, 1355 Woodland  drive.
C*n"' *!"••?. Waltre«.a-W. McKeaiia,
Hoom aot, Ubor Temple.    Sey.  toil. *
Ueep be. linbermon'o Union—Huaiell Kearley.   437 Ooro at-enno.    gey.  4704
Eleclrlc.1 Workere—E. B. Horrlnos Bo—
207, Labor Temple. '•"">"'. «»■
Frelsht Handlen—H. 8. Dunceo, 1151 tier-
enth avenue eaet.
a"a'„,W."1rrlee,,-A'" «■»»—* ■"•
Oranito Cutlera—Edward Hurry. 4551 Soil
Street. ^^
Homo Worken' League—Mn. 0. M
48—568 Oranvllle.
Kin,,
Jewelry Workera-D. J. 8n.ll. Labor Temple.
Lath.n—A. P. Sursai, 715 Holden Bide.
H^I!_W°"""•-I|"• H* Oalleridse, libor
Tomple.
Longihoremon—0,
etreet weat.
Thomaa,    104    Pender
^xh.,!;'Ts3',c.«*a.l.Ko* "•"-••
MaeUnUta,   Nn.   "
MACHINISTS SUPPLIED
MUNITIONS WORKERS
Large
by
Numbers  Taken Overseas
British Government
Commissioners,
Local No. 182 records onllstmont of
W. E. Devlin, A. Gilmoro, W. B. Withy,
A. M. Gillespie and John Thomson.
Tho lattor two aro reported to havo
"gono west."
Enlisted men aro kept in good
standing by the local paying tho por
capita tax of 00 cents per month to
headquarters, so that whon they roturn
thoir  memberships  cover   tho   period
In addition a largo number of mombors went overseas as munition workers, nnd tho good standing membership
of these men wns nlso maintained by
payment of tho per capita tar, they
being advised to join tho Amalgamated
Society of Engineers whilo in England
or Scotland.
HOTEL EMPLOYEES
HAS EXTENSIVE LIST
Organization   Claims   to   Have   Bub
scribed Through Its Members (20,000
to Various Funds,
Thc Hotel mid Restaurant Employoes
of Local 28 who havo found their wny
into khnki are us follows:
Frunk Alexander, Ernest Alexander, William Cordenor, Norman Bra-
vendor, Owen Ferguson, E. E. Howard,
James Graham, Bert Jameson, C. Jonos,
Albert Mahone-,*, John McCreavoy, W.
T. Lines, Frank Stoclc, Walter Suvago,
Fred Lewis, E. 11. McQuiro, John
Crioghton, C. F. Duke, John Foretell,
John ilansoll, Joe Gum, Tom Williams,
W. Bruce, Louis Shi ral ti, William F.
Workman, Herbert Stratton,
Willinm Colmar, John F. Carey, Arthur Charles, Harry Duvis, Edward
Deacon, Jnck Forsyth, Harry Gibb,
Miko Gucrney, Louis Husot, Benjamin
Hull, Gilbert Hunter, Edward Henderson, ^Walter Johnstone, Tom Kolly,
Hurry Kay, Frunk Moffatt, John Mc*
Ormick, Edward M. Martin, Earl Mc*
Blhonoy, Jnmes Pattonron, Bort Williams, Terence Ryan, William V. Bitter, Frunk Hutchlngs, William A.
Found.
BREWERY WORKERS
SENT EIGHT MEMBERS
These were all win^'lo men and are
kept in good standing by tho locnl
union: Llws. A. Bradshaw, A. W.
Dixon, John Dixon, James Irving,
Ralph Mohr, John Clifford, A. W. Martin, James Fyke.
BRO. LOCOMOTIVE
ENGINEERS No| 657
This orgnnization has fivo mombors
at the front who, as is usual, oro maintained in good standing by tho payment of thoir duos by tho othor mombors of tho focal. Tho union has also
contributed liberally, to all funds for
which appeals havo boon mado.
LETTER CARRIERS OF
VANCOUVER DISTRICT
Total of Sixty-Two Enlisted From This
Branch of the Postal
Employees
In all to date, 52 pormanont mombors and 10 substitutes of tho branch
havo answered to tho cnll to arms.
Of tho permnnent members, H. E.
Atkinson, Frank W. Wright and Jack
Jamleson hnvo boen killod in action,*
Charles Morris-White diod of wounds
in Englnnd, and Matthew H. Harlock
mot his death by drowning, as a rosult
of tho torpedoing of tho hospital ship
Glendovery Cnstlo.
Of tho temporary or substitute mombors who hud tnken the places of permanent members enlisted, and hnd followed the same example, Charles Boy
Palmor urns killed in aclion and Joseph
Richardson died of wounds, and it is
roported that J. Kincaid wns also
killed.
Tin* following so far have returned:
A. Ii. Lock, R. A. Watson, D. McK.
Murphy, 0. W. Scales, 8. Taylor, F.
Moss and J. McMurtrie. A. D. Johnston and J. Bickson wcro honorably
discharged after n period of Bervice ns
medically unfit.
This organization kept all membors
in good standing by exemption of dues,
and paid all per capita for whatover
purposes to supplement samo. All
members who held bcneilcinry policies
were further protected by pnyment of
nil assessments, thereby protecting
Iheir beneficiaries in the event of tlieir
being killed in notion, or through any
other cause while thus employed.
Thero being no sick benefits or strike
fund in connection with tho organizntion the dues for ench member were
normal, nevertheless thc sum Involvoil
by this arrangement is considerable.
Since August 1914, up to and including September, 1918, the branch hns
sustained a Iobs of income by exemption of dues to the sum of i55*9.05j Iosb
of income for beneficiary por capita
tuxes, $9.75; loss of income of bene*
tlolnrv nssossmoht mils, $130.70. Total
$7011.10.
During the same period thero hiiB
heen paid out by the brnnch on behalf
of theso members from its funds a total
per enpitn tax of $202.47. The total
cost to tho organization of maintaining
thene men is good standing is $9(14.18.
Many grants to patriotic fund, Rod
Cross, Iho militnry or other kindred
associations, ns well ns privato citizens
who wero in distress, woro mndo from
this fund, to which tho lotter carriers,
List of Fifty-eight Members of Local
170 Who Enlisted and Went
to France
Total enlistments are:   Jas. Boss, T,
Symington, H. T. Crombio, H. Lnwson,
W. Moore, L. 0. Brown, W. H. Green, I
T. Mnthows, W. Colhorno, G. Kelling, I    a™
H. Harper, Guy Templo, A. Overs, W.
Watt,   W.   H.   Adams,   W. Lucas,   B.
Hastio, J. Main, Jack Bergen (Military
Medal),  G. Dalzoll,  W.  Thurgood,  G.
Atkinson, R. Thorenu, W. Greenwood,
W. Noble, D. Cobb, L. Cobb, M. Askew,
E. Collingridgo, H. Hincs, Pat. Conway,
W. Crombie, G. V. Amoil, A. B. Pearson, C. Gibson, W. Mnrsh, H. Gallagher,
A. Holmes, W. Hordacrc, E. 0. Leo, D.
McDonald, W. Black,  D.  Sutherland,
Lon. Martin, E. Fulton, E. Hogarth, J.
Kennedy, and tho following who are
known to havo been killed: A. Cathio,
A. Laidlnw, A. Stevens, Blackio Otto,
.1. Bochcl, J. Irvine, W. Joy, W. Gil*
holm, A. Watson, D. Jones, nnd H. M.
Clarko (died).
TreirVis-rlu.'i0  .«**«r»«emen)--H.  H.
•_TW*I  '**■* OIHord atreet.
Machinists,  No.  777—W.  Street, 718  Sixteenth avenue eaat. -,   •'.  tta
''*"•, •■"I Stewards—W. B. Pleld,
629 Rkharda Street. "
Marine Firemen and Ollera—
Thos. Scott. 328 Colombia Ave.   Ser. 8(88.
Mill aud Factory Worker., No. 1958—PT
Evana, 1030 Robaon Stroot.
Jlolilers—J.  Brown.  538 Broadway Weat.
JVcirlh Vancouver.
Moving   PW„„6„p„.lor._A.   o.   HM1M.
"iVmS-B* J' *''"*'*'"""1* **>* 'OB, Labor
OJIJlo/Inerj* Workera—loco.** B.
375! uXTre"'-1""'     "* Km"h"-
o'   J^'roail   Conduoton—0.    ilatcfc.
MOLDERS' UNION No. 281
VANCOUVER DISTRICT
Supplied Large Number of  Munition
WorkerB for Overseas Besides
Active Bervice
On nctivo service: W. Cook, H.
Johnson, N. Summorville, J. Blnckman,
A. Hubert, W. Ashford, G. Tabor, R.
Hiscock, J. Tamborina, S. Hewnrt, W.
Wilson, W. Moran, G. Gowcr, A. Purser,
D. Patterson, J. Cnmcron, A. Kirkwood,
Wm. Harris.
Of these tho first nnmed three aro
known to have been killed.
Tho following niombars went over*
seus to munitions work in Brituin:
John Brown, Thomns Tyson, R. Home-
wood, J. Gordon, C. Cropley, E. Simpson, B. Simpson, John Burgess, S. Use,
1). Grnhntn, W. Grnhnm, J. Kenedy, A.
Shaw, A. Robinson, E. Wilkes, J,
Cooper, A. l.nndell, D. Kirkwood, G,
Burr, F. Thomson, .1. McKee, J. Amundsen, H. Bonner. J. Malory, J. Putney,
A. Macdonald, F. Revels, J. Green, J.
(loodhnll, J. Bissctt, E. Lund, 0,
Moulder.
751 Beatty olreel.
pf,_T vSi °m!1; "°°m s°3 Uh<" Temple.
1.17 2,'X"i (Vincouver)—E. Wealmon-
'•nd*  3247 Point Orey  rood.
Pile   Driven   and   Wooden   Bridgemen—W.
Iromldea.    Boom 208),, Liko" Temnle"
EmT '  Wl,li•u"•0■,•  1073—2Slh A».
Plumhera—J   fowling,  Room 308 H, Ubor
Templo.    Phono Sey. 8S11
oner"!"    Unl(",~J' Shie,d"* ••■■•>» K»oh-
iSSTn "1*1 ?* •"•Pb*""*™. ?■ 0. Boa 884.
Rif.,i.SK;..A,:,oB""""'-A* "* 0,M* 1»"
Seatntn'i Union—W. Hardy  PO  Un* ____.._
Sha£'5!„wrk8M-°" •»•*■"»«
UbP.br"T.m,;le.L*,,0'M•-"•lp•• *°°a "°*
Shipwright! and Caulkore—H. A. MicDon-
„ 8-yj*™. 2'2 Ubor Templo.
.  P""£ Dlaponaen—W. Mottlahaw. 108
Libor Temple.    8,,.  leei. ' *°"
Stationary Firemen  (Ola Worken)-J. Me*
Cnllum,  05.17 Sherbrooko  Btreet
Steam   and   Operating    Englneen—W.   A.
Alexander,   Rom 216.
Steam Shovel and Dredgemen—Cbia. Peru
96 Powell atreet. ™"-
Stewotniere—11. Langbim, 17S4—17th Ara.
nuo Laat,
Stonocoltrra—Alex.  D«t,  Boi  1087
Streei Knllwi, Empleyeei-Fnd! A Hoe,«.
corner   Mai.  ud Prior atreet..    l__
inking*, Se,. JOOO; realdeneo. Pair. Sal?
Btrneturil   Iron   Workore-Roy   Muieow
Room 208, Labor Tomplo. »"•"".
Jlllon-W, W   Hocken, f.o. Box 803.
ZZreTXX:' N°- '"S-S" "-
Telegraphera—W. D. Brine. P.O. Bo. 4.12
Ty|>«?rnt»Mc»! Unlon-H. Noelindi, Boi M.
"tt Mr7.;nn,1DrWrmCr,-W-   8"   **
WeitBrn   K.-.U-rRtlm,   ,,'t Pom]   Employ-m—
JnnH'N,  10:i0 Woodland Drive.
0. K.
BRO. PAINTERS AND
DECORATORS UNION
Largo  Number of Returned  Soldiers
Havo Become Members of
Local No. 138.
Those who unlisted from among tho
"knights of tho hrunh" nro D. Cnmj)-
bcll (<*x-prefmh;iit), .T. Swan, A. Cam-
oron, G. Powoll (cx-accrotary), H. F.
Thomns, F. C. Devlin and W. Knight.
Another member nf tho lor.nl, I). Hood,
*>n 1 ih 1 ofl whilo in England, and later
made tho supremo sacrifice.
Tho Painters hnvo kopt all mombors
who enlisted in good standing, which
ensured thom or their dependents tho
full bonr-flls of tho dealh nnd disability
fund of tho organization. To mako
sure this fund would not becomo extinct through tho strain which was becoming greater nnd grenter, tho membors of the orgnnizat ion agreed to
assess themselves it certnin nmount per
month. The l'ninters' orgnnization
hns looked aftor the welfnro of Kb
members and their dependents to the
best of its ability.
Rot urned soldiers aro ndmittod on
payment of half usual initiation foo
ami finite a numbor hnvo dono so nnd
are tnking nn nctivo part in the regular work of thc union. Ono mombor is
at present in hospital, having just beon
invalided from Franco.
(Continued on page 10)
BUSINESS AOENT DMBarOHr
EG
'Pbone   Eicbeage,
othorwlao   allied)
Cummlnee,      215   Labor
Room   202,   Labor
Aak  for  I-abor  Temple
Seymour   74118   (unloaa
Boilermaker*!—!,.
Templo.
Blflokamltha—0.   Itouee.
Tempi.'.
Brlilge   and   Slmolaral   Iron   Wotk.ra—Roy
Maaaocir, Room 208.
Brothorhood oi Carpenten, No. 817—Walter
Thomaa,  Room  208.
Brotherhood   ot  Carpenten,   Ko.   2847     P
Nlrr.lt,   Room  208.
Butcher, .nd Meat Cutlon-Thoa. And.raon,
,687 Homer etreet.
Civic Employeai—W. McParlano, Room 218,
Labor Temple.
Cooka  and   Walten—w.
209,   Lahor Temple.
l.l "f;,**'''*"'*-™™'! Uolon-Rue.cll Keir
i™ ,1r" "'""'■    OlHee pbone, Soy.
207rlc*klork*i."-»R;,H- MorrlM"* »»»«"
*i07.    Pbone Sey. 8510.
r*.;, * vH'm"J~T'- K'»*. '" Cordora
Eaat,    Phone Bey. 6858.
Lonrahoremjn'i  Aaaoclitlon—A. Held,  sot
Pender Btreet Weat; phon. Sey  88M
MicMnlat.-D. McCillum, Ro„m 812
"°& SS?" *•«**-* o* -*•<»«■...
Muilelane—R A. Jimlaaon, Room 808.
l.S'.lV   i""   "*•■"■'"• Brldgemeo-W.
IrooaideB,    Room  208*4,     ' "
McKenale,    Room
Pbone Sey. 8611.
Pllntere—D. llcPermott
Tomple.   -
Pliimben—J. Cowling, Room 206)4
Libor Templo.
Room   808   Labor
Phono
I.e.,   Room
Bey. S611.
Shipyard   Laborera'   Union—W
220. Libor Templo.
Street  Rillwiy  Employeea—P.  Hooter,  corner Ma n nnd Prior atroete.    Sey. JOOO.
Shipwright,   and   Caolk.ra-n.   A.   Miedon*
lid, Room 212, Labor Tomple.
SIMtn  l.nglneen—A.  Aloaandor,  Room 216,
Labor Temple.
Tea-nator.—J   P. Pen], 6I7 Homer atreet.
Tradea and Labor Connell—Victor R. Mldgley. Room 210, Ubor Temple.
Warahonaemeni   Onion—A.   R,   Robertion,
087 Homer itreet. PAGE TEN
THE  BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY....
...December SO, 1918
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
All That the. Law Will Allow
We Deserve Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No- 2
110 Cordova St. West, or 622 Pender West
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try onr Pea Ooal lor your underfeed furnace)
macdonaloMarpoleco.
Phone
Seumour ^
Phone
Ceunwar
zio
1001 MAIN STREET
ONE OF THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be produced by
using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
U produced from the highest grade materials procurable-
Cascade is a UNION product from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES  LIMITED
ENLISTMENTS FROM
CAPITAL CITY UNIONS
Those Unions Which Have Responded to Request for
Information Show Heavy
Enlistments
»»»*»* ****** ****** ******
AT THB outbreak of the war conditions industrially in Victoria
were as bad as at any time in the history of the city, the various
organizations at that time being almost depleted in membership owing
to the hard times, and many of the members of the different unions
were unable to keep up their membership for thiB reason, and many
others had to leave the city. In spito of this difficulty, the organizations continued to do business, and to try and stem the downward
tendency of wages. Wages in some of the skilled crafts were cut
down a dollar or more a day, but the men that return to this city
after doing their bit in Prance will find that thc boys have done their
bit at home, and by organization and sticking together have at least
attempted to maintain the old standard of living.
A. 8. CARPENTERS AND
STREET RAILWAYMEN
HAVE SOME RECORD
Almost Thirty Por Oent of Their Entire
Organization to Be Found ln
Army or Navy
Tho socretary of tho division states:
Division 109 has a splendid rocord in
respect to enlistments in tho army and
navy. Whon tho war started wo had a
membership of 210. Now that tho war
is over wo noto thot 60 of thoso membors havo enlisted in ono branch or
other of tho servico.
When tho Military Servico Act, 1917,
came into forco only one member of
this division in medical category A or
A2 waB affected and ho reported for
sorvico. When the men in medical
category B or B2 wcro callod only one
mon wos affected.
At the commencement of the war tho
division paid the ducB of all mombors
who enlisted. This wos continued for
somo timo. In September, 1015, an
arrangement was mado with tho International body whereby this was discontinued, but when tho members returned to servico thoir bock dues wore
paid and tlieir membership as far as
death benefits wero concerned dated
from tho timo of thoir initiation. In
September, 1917, tho local was relieved
from this obligation nnd tho International   Association   assumed
tnat
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral DeslgM, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Jr-
namental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLOBISTS AND NUBSEHYMBN
8-STOBEB-2
tt Hastlngi Street Eaet, Sey. 988-671 — 718 Oranrille Street, ley, MU
^S^anlistofnrnnibo^whn
have enlisted: L. Abbott J. Blackwood, H. G. Bolt, J. Bradley, P. O.
Brown, E. Bukin, G. A. Bund;-, A. K.
BiS, S. W. Carter, J. Cartwngh ,
C. Croft, A. Cecil, J. Baro, P. Daro,
Wyn Davis, W. Dayton, A. Duta, C. B.
Sish, T.'h. English, B. P. Pox, J* J*
Fletcher, G. Gaigcr, J. GilfiUnn, A
Gog.™ 'T. Gribble,' Goo. Ha—
E. E. B. Johnson, II. King, W. A. Kirk
bride, E. Let-man, E. Logan, B. W
_l"y„ard, E. Meadows W J. Miller, G.
Mori™, W. McClair, C. J. Newton, G.
A Noble, J. V. Norseworthy, A. Nunn,
ft O'Ham, E. Payne, J. Pettier™, A.
W. Plowman, B. H. N. Porter, A.
A. EitcMo, J. P. Eoach,
W. H. H.   Sinclair,
JOINERS MAKE BIO QUOTA
Members of Union  Provido  $275  to
Assist Family of Member Who
Died Since His Roturn
In ngreoment with tho returned soldiers associations tho officials of tho
carponters' unions aro giving prefer*
onco to returned mon whoro possiblo
in the various yards.
Joined for overseas service—P. E.
Halo, P. J. Barker, A. B. Orr, 0. L.
Sorvico. G. H, E. Green, P. Jennings,
G. H. Carter, A. C. Weatgnto, S. M.
Girling, B. F. Davy, A. E. Borry, E.
W. Addison, P. S. Brasicr, W. L. Poster,
A. McKissack, Sid Pritchard, A. E.
Follow, Alf. Williams, H. Garbutt, A.
Wilson, M. Brown, B, Brandson, 0. P.
Deacon, J. W. Greon, T. Libby, T. Ash,
G. Eobson, H. Elsmoro, Alf. W. Smith.
Joined horn homo defenco—J. Flin*
ton, P. J. Eiddlo, J. Wnrnock, 8. E.
Shanks, A. Dark, G. J. Chamberlain, J.
Alexander, L. Dawson, P. P. Bullcn, J.
Townsend, G. H. Williamson, P. W.
Smith, G. T. Hillior, T. T. Currio, Ellis,
Hallson.
T. Ash, n member who joined sinco
his return from tho front, has died
from the effects of gaa, aud this local
donated $275 to his widow.
All members oro retained in membership while on service and if medicnlly
fit to work at the trade roturn to their
old status in the local.
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Oppoilto Ltbor Ttmplt
VANCOUVER,   B.   O.
—Headquarters  for Ltbor  Mea—
Bates—76e tnd 11.00 pur day.
14.00 per wttk tnd dp.
Daft tt  BtMontbit  Rates
John Green's
SCANDINAVIAN
BOOK STOBE
SOCIALIST LITERATURE AND
RADICAL PAMPHLETS
in English
Danish
Finnish
and all Scandinavian Languages
205 CARRALL ST.
CLEM STUBBS
Lato prosidont of District 18, United    Mino Workors, now overseas with C.
E. P.
TRADES UNION ROLL
FROM PRINCE RUPERT
-M-**-****
ft******
•Wt****
******
Ecid, E.
S. Eobcrtson
0,
D.
I.
Sie^nTw.'Stono.A.StoneG.Thomp.
son P. W. Walter, W. Wislmrt, J* 1.
Wood D Dumbolton, E. S. Hudson, E.
I°Bl'ake ft W. Bradley, W, Tut-ner.
Two of our membors havo oeeaW-
ed in action: Bros. J. T. WomLandIB.
S. Hudson. Bro. E. Logan dudwh.lo
ovorscas. Bros. 0. Morgan, 0. A.
Noble, A. Stone, G. Thompson A.
Sougcn, B. H. N. Porter, H. G. Bolt, W.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS
WITH SERVICE RECORD
International  Brotherhood  Keeps  All
Enlisted Mombors in Good Standing With tho Order.
List of mojhbors that are serving and
havo served in C. E. P.:   John Grant,
A.  n.-athcoto, R. W. English,  E. D.
Lemmas, James Tillcy, K. S. Moffat,
W.   K.   Symos,   W.   Fletcher,   Henry
George Gooding, Allan James Duggan,
John   Lloyd,   E.   M.   Lorimer,   Frod
Ripley, Harold Quarmby, Noil McKay.
Records of Enlistment from the Northern City Are Equal
To Any Other British Columbia
Points
TROCADERO
CAFE
For Union Men
158 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Phono Sey. 035
THE BEST PLACE TO EAT IN
VANCOUVER —UNION CARD
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADEB AND LABOR COUNCIL—MEETS
Bnt tnd third Thursday*. Eioeotiw
botrd: President, E. Winch; vlne-preal-
dent, J. KtvtiitKh; secretary tnd bailout
agent, V. R. Midgley; trea»iir*T, P. Knowles;
lergeant-at-arms, J. P. Poole; trustee!, J.
H. McVety, j. Babble, A. i. Crawford, W.
A.   Pritchard.
■U.LIKP  PRINTING  TRADEB  COUNCIL—
MeeU le-sond Monday in tha month, President,   Opo.   Hartley;   secretary,   R.   H,   Ne* ;
lends,  P.O. Box  88,
lOURNEVMKN BARBERS INTERNA-
tiotial Union of Aiinrica, Local No, 120—
Moeta m-cond and fourth Tuesday! in tht
month, Room 2i)5, Labor Templo. President,
(J. F,. Herrltt; aeeretary, H. H. Grant, 820
Cambie Street.
■*■*****
******
******
******
I
MEN and WOMEN ARE COMING TO THE
Rex Shoe & Clothing Co.
9 HASTINGS ST. WEST   Opp. New Pantages Theatre
They've discovered that this store is selling the newest styles in shoes
for a third to a half less than regular fair prices because we are going
out of the Ladies* and Children's Shoes business, and as an added inducement have included all our Men's Shoes.
PAINTERS, DECORATORS
LOCAL No. 5, VICTORIA
Returned Men Are Admitted at Half
Usual Initiation
Tee
Membera  enlisted  from  this  union
uro: MoflBru. Bradshaw, McAulay, Dry-
hurst, Hynos, Hole, Harvey and Philbrook.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS
STRONO IN LINE UF
One  Member Killed,  One  Died  and
Three Others Wounded Among
Twelve Enlistments.
Killed—Jamea Couch. Diod—Van
George. Wounded—James Bass, C. A,
McrryJold and Ooorgc Turner. Other
enlistments — D. Campbell, Horbort
Finch, Tom Nickorson, H. Woolloy, A.
Lanovillc, W. J. Singer, E. E. Bice.
Mombors on thoir return aro placed
in full benefit with thc organization,
N COMMON with other points which record heavy enlistments, n
largo number of these men seem to bo lost almost from thc moment
of departure. Numbers of single men, with few close friends in thc
home city, make no effort to maintain communication with the union
they left. Often tho only note is a newspaper record of casualty, until the member "blows in" to town again himself.
LONGSHOREMEN'S
CONTRIBUTION
Out of Pifty-two from Prince Rupert
Waterfront, Eight Known to Bo
Killed and Fifteen Wounded
The local union reports that it keeps
all soldier mombors in good standing
during their absence ou active service.
Enlistment roll follows, with such particulars as aro obtainablo:
Killed—John Boon, Matthew Donald,
Alox. Davis, Wm. Hutchinson, Patrick
Mcintosh, Robort Noblo, John Perry,
Fred Smith.   Diod—John Roberts.
Wounded—Morris Anthony, Thomas
Burgess, Michaol Box, Harry Brow,
William Donning, Harry Hays, Donald
Livingstono, James Neville, Robert
Robinson, John Tait, Wm. Wilson,
Claud Leigh, Ooo. C. Adams, Edward
Nelson, Arthur Rider.
Othor enlistraonts were—Liout. Edward Briggs, John Brown, John 0.
Browu, Arthur Bernard, Joseph Crutch-
Hold, James Carso, John Kolly, Georgo
Lambert, Alex. McKay, James McKul*
lum, Roderick McLeod, Fred Peterson,
Thomas Rosie, Geo. Waugh, Chas. Wilson, Edward Kellihcr, Fred Kruger,
George Cod, Frank B. Lippineott, John
E. Hammond, Danlol. Main    (British
navy, 19M), Louis W. Landry, Edward
Lund, Johu Kenny, Peter McCabe,
Lowis Roland, Srith Thompson, Harry
Tracoy.
CARPENTERS' LOOAL
AT PRINCE RUPERT
Full    Memberships   in   Their   Local
Union WiU Be Maintained Until
Ther Return from Service
Enlistments—Frank Salter, William
Stephens, Don Yelph, Billy Kerr, Peter
Kerr, D, O. Kiser, .Tames Katt A. MacDonald, Larry Halcron, Hugh Killcn,
Ike Forbes, Fred Roffou, Robert Mac*
Lean, Clarence Fingley, Adolph Berner,
STEAM ENGINEERS SEND
26% OF MEMBERSHIP
Two in tbe Navy, One in Flying Force,
and Remainder In as Many
Different Units
Enlistod men arc—Louis Calder, B.
R. Bice, D. Mcintosh, Andrew Minta-
dor, David Greenwood, Fred Bacon,
A. E. Lees, B. Vnndorbyl, Horace
Shrubsale, Robt, Angus, Henry L.
Laundry, Boy M. Partelow.
HRUTHKRHOOD OP CARPENTERS, LOCAL
Nn. 017—MeeU overy aeconil and fourth
Monday evening, 8 o'clock, Labor Temple.
1'resident, M. McKcnile; financial secretary,
0. Thom, 6 Dufferln Street Kant; recording
Mecreiary, J, ll. Campbwll; liualneis agent.
Waller Thomns, Room 208 Lalior Tomple.
P bo n e_ Rpy^ 74 B5:	
lUtOTIJISIimiOD    OP    BOILER    MAKERS
and Inm Ship Hnihlers and Helpers of
America. Vancouver Lml^e No. 194—Meeti
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, M. A. Mo-
Karliorn, 124.5 Alberni Ht.; secretary-trnai-
urer, Angus Kroner, 1151 Howe Ht.; tiimtiiesa
*K^>1. ''• "-.''iriimhiR, Room  '2)2 Lahor Temple.
UOTJSL AND KESTAl'RANT EMPLOYEES
Loal 28—Moots overy first Wednesdny in
tho month at 2.,'10 p.m. and every third
Wednesday in the Month al 9.30 p.m. President, Harry Wood; secretary and imninesi
ugent, \V. Mackenzie, Room 209 Lnhor Tei
pte. Phono Hoy. 1681. Offloe houra: 11 to
12  noon;  2  to 6  p.tn.
INTBRNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
Operating Engineers, Local No. 620—
Meeta every Monday, 7.30 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, J. R. Flynn, 810 Moodio
itroet, Now Westminster; vice-president, D.
H mines: secretary treasurer and buslneaa
agent, W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor
Temple.    Phone Sey. 7495.
ELECTRICAL WORKERH, LOCAL NO. 218
—Meeta In Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W,
MeDougall, 1162 Powell Street; recording
seoretary, W. Foulkei, Labor Temple; flnanolal aeeretar? and bualneaa agent, E. H,
Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple: assist-
ant aeoretary, F. B. Burrows.	
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S AS-
sociation, Local 3852—Offlce and hall, 604
Pender Streot Weat. Moeta first and third
Fridays 8 p.m. Secre tary-treasurer, Q.
Thomas; business agent, A. Hill.
For the same reason Men's Low Shoes are $2.20 a pair that were $5. Ladies'
newest styles in all grey boots are $6.95 instead of $10.00. Ames-Holden and
McCready Dress and Work Shoes ara $5.50 instead of $8.00. Ladies' Cloth
Top Lace and Button are $2.50 that were $5.00.. And Children's Mother
Hubhards are now $1.60. Everything is on the slide and the slide is greased
for the occasion. Then there are thousands of other bargains in shoes-
Comfort Shoes, Cushion Sole Shoes, The famous Regal Shoes and the
Amherst Work Shoes—the best in the world for wear.
Ladies' Rubbers, now   650
Ladies' One-Strap Slippers   $1.20
$10.00 Men's High Top Boots .... $6.95
$6.00 Viscolized Work Boots ..... $3.95
$5.00 Work Boots   $2.70
Good Striped Blue Overalls  $1.45
200 Men's Raincoats, worth $30, for $7.90
$12.90, and  $14.90
25 Dozen Best Umbrellas  $1.45
Men's Orey Socks, 2 for ......... 25*'/.
Men's Khaki Overalls, only  $1.00
Men's $30.00 Overcoats, all wool $15.29
Men's Stylecraft Suits at Half Price.
Men's Leather Work Gloves, best .. 900
$3.50 Stanfield's Blue Label Underwear, per
garment  $2.75
Penman's Wool Underwear, per garment
only  $1.25
Mail Orders Will Receive Prompt Attention
Ihe Rex Shoe & Clothing Co.
9 HASTINGS ST. WEST       Opp. New Pantages Theatre
S
PTE. EDGAR STANLEY SEELEY
Ex-ProBidont nnd ox-Sccrotary of lho
Vanconver   Bridge   nnd   Structural
Iron   Workers,
over there.
who   "wont   west'
BOOKBINDERS LOCAL
SENT FOUR MEMBERS
Although ono of the smallest unions
in any given city, this organization
has it record similar to all others in
tho province. Tlio enlisted men are
Alex. Swainsotl, Sidney Carr, Valentino
Hitchcock and Ernest Davison. Those
members uro kept in good standing and
particular cure has been taken to keep
them supplied with "soldiers' comforts."
FOUR BLACKSMITHS
TOOK HAMMER OUT
Donning the uniform from Local 312
of the Blacksinuliflj the following men
volunteered for service: Lawrence
Ricketls, Charles Muller, J. Micoma
and T. Zuccerillo, the latter in tho
navy.
Wiro Mon Locked Out.
Rock Island, 111.—Tho Electrical Contractors' Association has lockod out
organized electrical workers after it
agreed to accept a wage rato sot by
tho governmont.
Influences at Work to Prevent the Workers and
Soldiers Uniting
80 far labor iu Canada haB done
nothing towards drawing up a reconstruction programme. They aro not
ovon organized upon the right busis to
fall in line with tho schemes of cooperation between capital and labor,
tlio present craft nature of the organized labor movement being too cumbersome and unwieldly to efficiently
deal with tho Manufacturers' Associations, who are organizing industrially;
hence it is necessary for tho workers
to organize industrially. At tho last
convontion of tlie B. C. Federation of
Labor a resolution advocating-the joint
administration of industry was passed,
and we havo now the representatives
of tho employing class talking along
the same lines ,so it is up to the work
ers to get together and formulate their
proposals. If they are not prepared to
act upon resolutions they make, then
our labor conventions can bo truly
classed as resolution factories. Influences nre at work that are trying to
cause dissension in thp nlnks of labor,
petty squabbles aro being indulged in
between vnrious bodies of working
men, one of the latest being tho action
of the Groat War Veterans in refusing
to co-operate with labor under its present leadership. It is also said that
the Comrades of the Great War have
no hope of anything being accomplished as long as the Great War Veterans retain their present officers. And
so the merry game goes on. The employing class are working overtime on
the proposition of divide and rule, und
the working class aro'still unforunately
falling for it. The government is being asked to do something to relieve
Ihe situation, und as an illustration of
tlio beneticience of tho government as
an employer, it is only neeessary to
mention tho postmen's strike and tho
measly wagos received by some govern
ment employes.
The B. C. government operates a
forry at Ladner and the wagos paid
there are princely. Tho fireman, who
is on duty from C:30 u.m. until 7 p.m
on week days, and from 7:45 a.m. on
Sundays, draws down tho princely sum
of $85.00 a month. It is fortunate
that ho is a single man, otherwise ho
would bo unablo to soo his family or
bo ablo to buy postago stamps to send
them post cards occasionally. Tho
mate, who is, of course, somewhat of
an aristocrat, gets $100 a month and
works a fow hours less.
This is an indication of what can bo
expected from tho govornment as it is
presently constituted.
It therefore lies with tho workers
themselves to solve their own problems
by organizing industrially to gain their
immediate demands and politically so
gain their final emancipation.
I. L. A., LOCAL 88-62. AUXILIARY—
{Mtrlne Wirchonaemvn tnd Prelffct
Handlers). Headquarters, 162 Cordova Bast.
Meets first and third Wedn^ilaV, 8 pu '
&crelarjr-trctsurer, K. Winch; business
agent, tf. W.  Webster.
AMALOAMATED MEAT CUTTKKS AND
Butcher Workmen's Union, .No. (148—MeeU
first and third Tuesdays of each month,
Labor Temple, 8 p. in. President, Chaa. P.
Hoggins; recording secretary, J. Summers;
flnsnclsl secretary and business agent, T. W.
Anderson, 687 Homer stieet.      .
PATTERN MAKERS'  LEAGUE OP NORTH
America (Vancouver and vicinity )--■
Branch meets aecond and fourth Mnmlayaf
Room 204, Labor Temple. I'resldunt, J]
Banforth, Euclid Ato., Colllngwood East]
financial secretary and business agent, H.
Nlghtscales, 276—66th Ave East, South Van!
couver; recording secretary, E. Weitmore-i
land, 8247 Point Orey road. I'hone Bayl
vlrw 2979L. "
HISTORY WILL GIVE
CREDIT   TO   RUSSIA
Revolutionary Bussia Has Flayed Its
Fart in the Downfall of
Prussian ism
When the final accounting is made,
when the verdict of history is rendered,
the revolutionary workors of Russia
will receive the credit duo to them for
the collapse of tho autocratic Gorman
government. When the enpitnlis press
of this nation was hurling invective at
the Soviets, while tho press wns accusing tlieir elected oflieinls of being German ngents, when the statement was
mndo rime and time again, that the revolution was tho outcome of German
propaganda, when the Russians were
accused of betraying the causo of the
Allies, or inado the stotemont that Revolutionary Russia was moro of a mounce to tho Prussian autocracy than
fifty divisions of troops, the events of
last month have bIiowii the truth of
that statement.—Butto Daily Bulletin.
SHIPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS ANH
Fiisti'iit-rs, I.L.A., Local Union S8A, Soricl
5—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays of thl
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President. *
tf, Bimlt; financial secretary, M. A. Phelps!
business agent and corronponillng secretary!
W, Lee. Offlce, Room 219-220, Labo|
Temple.   _______ __________
Paper Plan Modified.
Washington. — The war industries
board announces the withdrawal of
restrictions affecting tho publication of
ull periodicals, except daily nnd Sunday newspapers. It is stated that publishers of daily and Sunday newspapers
have asked tlio board to control the
use of news print paper for the present.
BTREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EMI
ployees, Pioneer Division, Un. 101—Meefl
Labor Temple, aecond and fourth Wednefl
days at 8 p.m. President, W. H Cottrell
treasurer, R. B. Cleveland; recording aecrl
tary ,A. V. Lofting, 2661 Trinity streel
Phone High. 16BR; flnanclal a*-cretary s_T
business agent, Fred. A, Hoover, 24U9 CIstL
drive, iiflire corner   Prior and  Main  meeti
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION
America, Local No. J7S—Mooting!
flrst Monday In each month, 8 jun. Protl
' t, A. R. (iiitcnby; vici-nn*id* in, W. Lnl
; recording Becrotary, W. W, liocke"
Box 5011; financial Becrotary. T. Wood,
Box 503.
GENERAL    TEAMSTEHS    AND    UffAUf
fours  Union,  Local  Nu. flfifi— Meeti
ind and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m.    IVexldei
W. M. Brown; businoss agent,  J.  K,  I'n
'.M5—I9ih  Ave.  East.    Phone  Fair.  2loU|
Financial    socrotary,    Bert    Showier,    Uf
R..I1M1H   St.    Phono  Boy.  6679.    Ufttce,  61
Homor St.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. a2tj—MeJ
Unt Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.   p]
Mdi'iit,   R.   Marshall;   vlce-prusldint,   W.
Jordan; secretary-treasurer,  R. H. Neelaatl
Boi 88. '
PROVINCIAL UNIONSl
Walsh Off Labor Board
Washington.—President Wilson hns
accpted thc resignation of Frank P.
Walsh, joint chairman of the national
war labor board, Basil M. Manly has
been appointed to Jill the vacancy.
William Harmon Black, alternate for
Mr. Walsh, also resigned, but was To-
appointed by Mr. Manly as his alternate.
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meets!
annunl convention In January. Eiecntl
officers, 1918-19: President, Duncan Met]
Jliiii, Labor Tomple, Vancouver; viovti
■ilonts—Vancouver leland, Walter E
jSoiith Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prill
fRupurt, W. E, Thompson; Vancouver, 1
Winch. W. R. Trottor; Now Westminster, \
'Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcus Marti
Kelson; Crowa Nest Pass. W A. Shermn
Fernle. Becrotary-treasurer, A. S. Wei
Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir street, Vi|
eouvet, M. u.
 VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
The "Job" Comes First.
Portland, Ore—Tho Oregon Labor
Press prints this significant statement
in big type across its first page:
"A minimum wage is no benefit to
tho man who haB no job."
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES Ai
Labor Couneil—Meets flrst and third Wl
fiosdays, Knights of Pythias Hall, Noll
Park street, at 6 p.m. President, B. Sll
mons; vice-president, T. Dooley; seoretaB
treasurer, Christian Blverts, P. 0. Box Sf
Victoria. B  t_
SOUTH WELLINGTON. V. 1.
LOCAL UNION, No. 872, U. M. W. of'Xl
Meets first' Sunday In every month 8 p.T
Richards Hall. Preildent Jas, BatnmJ
vice-president, Andrew Parker; record*
secretary, Jas. Fearon; flnanclal secteul
William MacDonald; treuorer, J. H. Rlfl
ardson.
PBDTOB BUPBET.  B.  0.
PRINOE RUPERT TRADEB AND LABI
Council—Meets aecond and fourth Tal
days of each month, In Carpenters' haj
Preildent, B. D. Macdonald; sesretary, W.I
rhompsoi, Bo* 3T8,  Prince Rupert, B. Cj WHDAT.,—;._ December 20, 1918
THE BRfTTSH -HOLTTMRTA FEDERATIOVTST
Men's Gift Neckwear
The Biggest Variety in the West to
Choose from, including
MEN'S GIFT NECKWEAR
(Id fancy bozea.)
Silk knit, Irish poplins, Cheney silks,
Bengallnes, English foulards, French,
Italian, Swiss and American silks, ln ia
variety of fancy stripes, shot and floral,
designs: also brocade silks, and a variety
of plain poplins at, each 504. 7Soi,
81.00,   81.50.   82.00.   82.50
ana ....: 83.50
Xmas Gift
Handkerchiefs
In a large variety at Import
prices.
Men's Handkerchiefs, ln Irish
lawn and hemstitched, at, each /
15*. 204. 25* ">d 35«T
Initial
Handkerchiefs
of pure Irish linen and lawn,
with hemstitched borders, ln
fancy boxes.
Lawn Handkerchiefs, each 354
Linen  Handkerchiefs at 504
Men's Linen Handkerchiefs
of puro Irish Unon, of fine qualities, each 404, 504, 654. 754
Christmas Suggestions for Men
Gloves
PERRIN'S TAN CAPE SILK LINED GLOVES—One dome fastener;
per pair  83.00
PERRIN'S TAN DOGSKIN SILK LINED GLOVES of fine quality;
per pair  83.75
PERRIN'S TAN MOCHA SILK LINED GLOVES-JJalr 84.00
PERRIN'S GREY MOCHA SILK LINED GLOVES—Pair . .§4.50
PERRIN'S  GREY  AND TAN  MOCHA WOOL LINED  GLOVES—
Per pair   83.00
PERRIN'S TAN CAPE WOOL LINED GLOVES—Pair * $3.00
FOWNE'S TAN AND GREY MOCHA *PUR LINED GLOVES—Per
pair 85.50
FOWNE'S TAN MOCHA FUR LINED GLOVES—Per pair 88.00
FOWNE'S GREY MOCHA FUR LINED GLOVES—Pair ..88.50
DOGSKIN MOTOR GAUNTLETS—Lined or unllned, In black.    Per
pair   84.00 and 85.00
TAN DOGSKIN UNLINED GAUNTLETS—At, per pair 85.00
Hosiery
SILK LISLE—In black and white, In all sizes. Fer pair ....504
FIBRE SILK HOSE—In white, black, navy and grey; at, pair 754
PURE SILK HOSE—In black, whito, grey and brown; pair 81.00
PURE SILK HOSE—In fancy Btrlpe effects and plain colors.    Per
pair         81.50
PURE SILK HOSE—Of superfine quality, In shot stripe otfects—also
A FEW POINTS TO
BE CONSIDERED
Government Shows Ineptitude to Deal with Re-
Construction
A short timo ago there appeared Is
that family journal of indisputable
veracity,   the   Vancouvor World,
THE CHILDREN OF
«««**« . ****** ****** ******
THE  DUBLIN  SLUMS
PAGE ELEVEN
(In tho following article, taken from
the London Star, George Bernard Shaw
tells of tho poverty in Iris native city—
Dublin. He also has something to say
concerning charity generally).
Judge Henry Neil has visited my na
plaid and plain designs, at, per^pair
82.00
OranviUe and Georgia Streeta
THE GOVERNMENT
OF THE FUTURE
The party of tho future, upon which
tho chief tasks of reconstruction will
dovolvo, will bo thc one which derives
its power directly from the peoplo
themsolves, and has been made tho organ of tho people's will, the voico of
all lho peoplo—of both sexes and nil
classes—who work by hand or brain.
Through such a party, led by democratically chosen loaders who havo proved their fidelity to principlo, and their
faith in the people's cause, tho bost
spirits of our timo will bo able to work
as thoy havo nover boon able to work
in tho orthodox parties of the past. Nothing but disuaity and divided counsels
in tho democratic movement cnn wreck
the promiso of the futuro. For overy I
man aad woman who believes in domocracy and who dosiros to see a now birth
of freodom in this land thero is a place
in the people's movement and a well-
defined work to do.
In a wider senso tban has" hitherto
beon understood, tho politics of tho future will bo human politics, and the
dominating party will bo the party of
tho common pooplo, and of democracy.
This is certain. The peoplo will havo it
so, for tho pooplo aro weary of wars.
They have borno too long tho inequalities nnd injustices inhoront in an economic system bused on competition instead of co-operation.
They aro coming together in a more |
powerfully organized movement to
achieve n now freedom and to establish
on this earth, dronchod with men's
blood, torn witb men's strugglos, wot
with human tears, a fairer ideal of life;
tho only ideal consistent with tho
world's greatost evont which we again
colobrate this Christmastido; an ideal
dominated not by any spirit of revenge
or hatred, exprossing itself in economic
and financial boycott, but in lovo, brotherhood, and peace.
Has Labor Secretary.
New Tork.—Peter W. Collinfl hns
been appointed labor secrotary for tho
Leaguo to Enforco Peaco. A campaign
will bo, conducted among workers in bohalf of tho theory of tho league—that
a combination of tho nations of the
world, by pooling their forcos, can ond
wars.
The nppointoo was for oight years
socrotary of tho International Brotherhood of Electrical Workors and editor
of tho official magazine of that organization.
editorial headed, "Sir B. Borden's
Twelve Points." It quotes tho following argument which is reputed to be
heard in many parts of tho Dominion:
"Union government was oleetod to
bring in conscription and win the war.
"Union government haB brought in
conscription and has won the war, so
far,as Canadian effort oould do it.
"Union govornment, therefore, has
fulfilled its purpose and it is time it
dissolved so that Canada may return
once moro to tho parties and partisanship it knew bofore Union government
existed."
The World says: "ThiB argument
might be valid if it were true. But it
is not true."
It then  goes on  to enumerate  the
twelvo points upon which the Borden
government was elocted, which are as
follows:    1st, conscription; 2nd, abolition  of   patronago;   Srd,   votes   for
women; 4th, "conscription of wealth";
5th, an effoctivo land settlement and
immigration policy; 6th, demobilization
and roturn to civil lifo of the soldiors
ovorsens; 7th, development  of  transportation facilitios, co-operative  management of railways, state-owned shipping, investigation of air service for
national purposes; 8th, national economy; 9th, reduction 'in tho cost of living and prevention of food profiteering; 10th, increased agricultural production; llth/goneral development of
national resources; and 12th, improved
labor conditions and industrial peaco."
According to this editorial "One-half
or thereabouts of this   platform   has
boon carried out, but the other half
has yet to see fruition.   Therefore tho
Union govornment has not yet fulfilled
its purpose and it is not yot time to
return to tho old reactionary and in
tolerable game of' 'Ins and Outs.''   Tbo
World docs not suggest any mothod
of replacing the individual members of
this aggregation when they die of old
ago, which they certainly will do boforo the other half or thereabouts of
this wonderful platform is carried out.
It. suroly is patont to anyone that if
the Union governmont is to romain in
power until they havo carried out, in
an efficient manner, one-tenth of this
platform, they'll be a long time thero,
for the simple reason that they represent tho wrong class to carry out such
a proposition.   Tho question of whether
they havo carried   out   "one-half or
thereabouts" is a very debatable ono.
Of course, to tho bought mind of tho
editor of the World this may bo bo,
and as far aB the carrying out of conscription of man-power is concerned,
no ono would deny that the se-lectivo
principlo has  been  carried out. , The
principlo of selection has been worked
to tho limit in tho first, second and
third points of the platform: they have
selected  tho   men who  wcro   safo to
leave at homo, the womon who. woro
most liable to voto for this syndicate
tivo town of Dublin. Ho is very properly ashamed of the conditions of tho
children there; and ne asks mo to second his appeal to Amorica to send I
forgot how many thousand pairs of
shoes and stocknigs to clothe them.
,It is certainly more sensible than
sending them handkerchiefs to cope
with tho effect of bare feet and wet
flags. But my advice to America ia not
to aend a singlo cent to Ireland evor
again, for shoes or anything elso.
Ireland ia perfoctly woll ablo to feed
and clothe her children if sho chooses.
It is a mistake to supposo that sho ia
poor. Sho is only an incorrigible beggar, which ia not the same thing. Sho
persuades you that, except for a corner
of Ulster, where a handful of bigoted
enemies of hers build ships and make
linen, she ia penniless. Do not believe
hor. t
Southern Iwltfcd Is Not Beally Poor
The trade of the Irish Catholic South
in butter, cattlo and -agriculture generally represents far^ moro money than
tho shipyards and mills of Belfast. Co-
oporation oan dovelop this agricultural
industry by leaps and bounds; it has
already dono so. Ireland can afford a
pair of good ..boots and a couple of
changes of warm woollen stocking every
week for every one of her children; and
if she is a bad mother and profers to
leavo the children barefooted and hungry whilo sho ia enjoying herself at
hunt meetings, regattas, horse shows
and tho routine of sport and fashion
generally, I do not see why America
should encourage her.
It is true that America does the snme
thing, and worso. I am not forgetting
the poor little slaves in the cotton mills
of Carolina, on whose bohalf I am prepared to solicit, not shoos and socks,
but firo from heaven (servo America
right if the Germans supply it), but
tho moral is that if America wants to
rescuo children from poverty and slavery, sho had bettor look at home, and
not supply another superfluous demon*
stration of tho fact that the eyes of a
fool are in the ends of the earth.
Justice, Not Charity 1
I do not want to see children fed and
clothed by tho hand of charity. Let
thom be fed by the hand of justice.
Whon an Irish gentleman with 30
pairs of trousers complains that he has
not yet ordered his thirty-first, I would
have justice (quoting Shakospearo, as
a cultured justice naturally would) say,
"Nor shall not, till necessity be served." People cannot be got to see that
the necessity is the nation 'b. necessity,
and that its parents should'look after
it, the said parents havingboen starved
in their youth, out of all1 possibility of
looking after themselves effectively,
much lesa their children.
Tho English kill their babies 15 times
aB fast as the war kills thom. The Germans are worse. The Italians worso
again. Tho Russians, perhaps, worst of
all. I don't know exactly whero Amorica comes in, but Judge Neil has lot out
the fact that he found America's kindness to childron worse than her neglect.
Milk Wagon Drivers Win.
Indianapolis.—President Tobin of the
Brotherhood of Teamsters calls attention to gains mado by organized milk
wagon drivers of Clovoland, Ohio, who
havo just secured a union shop agreement and wage increases. This was
mado possible by organization, which
includes tho drivers, bottle and. milk
chockors, all barn men and wagon
washers.
[By J. S. Wood|worth]
JvSLSf &rt iB8U0 of ■tho   Radian
iorward there wns an interesting arti-
S« Mpiid £0m the LQbor L«M« on
_.._____ in 0        1    -1       S°CialiSt S°vernni<*t
most capable of sounding the praises | against. Dublin.'_ ThoVo  yoa^seolhojmu^ m7at\^!^l^^^^
the product qf baro foot, but of wet
feet in broken boots, of insanitary poverty generally.
When tbe polico wero driven from
the streets by tho week-long struggle,
for an Irish republic in Easter, ltiJO,
those people came out and began to pillage tho shops as naturally as their
neighbors a mile or so away pick up
cockles on Sandymount strand. Civilization is nothing to tbem; they have
never boen civilized. Property is nothing to them; they havo nover had any.
The priest camo and drove them away
as if they were flies; but tho moment
he pnssed on they eame back liko files.
Civilization means "respect my life
and property and I will respoct yours,"
Slumdora meana "disregard my life and
property and I will disregard yours."
Giving monoy is no uso.
It Is like pooplo at a railway accident
offering surgical instruments and splints
and bandages to one another, when
there is nobody knows bow to use tbem.
If you give shoes to a hungry child, it
will eat them (through the medium of
the pawnbroker) and be just as hungry
next week. And tho person who givos
the money or the shoes, instead of feeling like a scoundrel because tho children wero 'in misery, feels saintly because ho has played the goncroua sailor
of melo-drama.
Charity Is Not tbe Cure
Until we all acquire a senso of social
honor and responsibility as strong as
our present private, family sense (and
oven tbat is not very strong in many of
us) the childron will shock that social
conscience in Judge Neil.
I do not object to his showing up Ireland, which poses as warm-hearted, chivalrous and all the rest of it. I am' fed
up (unlike tho children) with these
professions, If the Unitod States, instead, of asking its immigrants silly
questions aB to whether tbey aro anarchists and the like, so as to mako sure
that all her foreign anarchists shall
also bo liars, wore to refer to tho statistics of infant mortality in tho country
or city from which tho immigrant enmo,
and send him back contemptuously if
tho. rate were anything liko so infamously high as ii is in the slums of Dublin, such a step would do moro to call
tho attention of Irishmen to the disgrace of their annual Slaughter of tho
Innocents than all the shoos that ever
were pawned.
Charity is only a poisoned dressing on
a malignant sore,
PLAYER-PIANOS
If wo aro callous enough and silly
Lough to let that easily prevcntablo
sore oceur, the only remedy is tho
knife,* and if it is too long dclayod tho
knife may take a triangular shape and
slido in a tall wooden frame overhanging a Procrustean bod.
' Starved children alwayi revengo
themsolves one way or another.
80MB CONTBASTS IN
GOVERNMENTS
of sinners, and the men who wcro tho  He makes no complaint of that kind  in Queensland.
of Union governmont for tho soft Jobs,  straight thing—tho rags and tho bare
It is perhaps not generally known that thc greatest oi our
modern pianists—-Padcrcwski, Josoffy, D'Albert, Rosenthal
and a host of others—consistently use the
PLAYER-PIANO
to study the effects to be afterwards reproduced manually at
their recitals.
The INVISIBLE PLAYER, with a little PEDAL PERSUASION, will interpret with marvelous fidelity MANY form of
niusical composition.
Can be used by any member of the family; and as accompanist to songs, player of dance music or interpreter of the
classics is wholly delightful and inimitable.
Ilave you a piano that isn't used much I
We'll accept it as part payment and arrange suitable terms
on balance.
Bell, New Scale Williams, Hilton and others .comprise our
thoroughly representative line of Player-Pianos.
Borne Special
Values la
Slightly Dsod
Player Planoi
Montelius Piano
House Limited
624-528 ORANVILLE STREET
PANTAGES
* H«rt Week
"THB  CANNIBAL MAIDS"
POBTEB J.  WHITE
Other Bl< Featuru
Every Union in B.C. \l_\__\
lor TBI nDEBATIOaiSI In • budj.
PAT tfOR IT MONTHLY, gn.rl.rlir or
yeirljr, a. hm, nils tho w'lhM of tho
m-i-nbarahlp. Submit a motion at noit
mMtlo*-—and advise The rtdoratloalst
ol tha raanlt.
Headquarters for
TOYS
Christmas Stockings
Thcfic Stockings sre full ot mystery. Vou can never tell wbat will
be pulled out next, from a dainty
dolt to tt wlilHtltnc flute; to a tiay
engine or a ferocious bear. Many,
other wonderful tblngs may appear
nt each and every time yqo Inaert
your band.   Special show*T-Stt ******
Ing    at        memZfm*
Everything on Wheels
Host boys demand something tor
a toy In their outdoor activities
tbat inoves on wheels. Hero you
wtll find speedy automobiles, whin-
sy skldders, staunch coasters, sturdy wagons, smart tricycles and
clever little Keddle Kara for tho
little   fellow. tt_% _r\g\
.Priced from  ...   •■■Vw  UP
Dolls, $1.00
This week Just ONB DOLLAR
will buy n cluirniluit Utile Doll
tlmt will tnnke sonic little girl very
huppy. In Toj-lnn-1 thore _ a (treat
big display ol Dolls "^ — —
with Just thnt price
$1.00
Trains
What boy dees not like an engine
that chugs along and goea cbuck-
ii-ile-cbuck over real rails, with a
very Btrong clock-like mechanism
that guarantees efficient sorvice!
The trains cnn bc conducted to ran
in circles and some hare tunnels,
switches and all tbe paraphernalia
to make > real railroad. Priced from
$2.00,0 $8.50
Happy Suggestions From Toyland
To some boya and girls a Book ts the tnasured of all possessions Wo hnv.
tbem here In great variety and abundan»',at very reasonable prlcea Hew
are a few that we are showing this weftk: ■■""»"•»■• prions,    nep*
"Peter Pumpkin In Wonderland," Vlratn Three," "A Trollev Rid. Thmn-i.
Stw-rluil,"   "Aesop's   F.bl..."   "F.fry   Frolic.," __m°"_"     £%! £"{?
"Numory Rhyme."    Pricos      afidC to 92.00
MILLAR ft COE LTD.
419 HASTINOS WEST
As to tho carrying out of tho fourth
point, tho Daily World told us a fow
months ago thnt no ono would wish for
anything moro drastic than tho govern-
mon'a "taxation" of wealth. Sinco
this moasuro wont into effect countless
millionaires have diod in tho poor
houso. Tho poverty amongst this class
is becoming so acute that in tho very
near futuro a tag-day is going to be
set for thoso poor people who are unable to exist upon the residue of a
paltry million dollars aftor tho terrible
Union govornment has collected stolen
or otherwiso conscripted 50 per cont.
of tho aforesaid million dollars! Tho
poverty amongst these peoplo has be-
come ho bad that tho government con*
not. go any further with tho taxation
of this class and has boon forced to
bring in a measure of conscription of
matches and has placod a fine of from
ono to five conts upon ovoryono
possessing sufficient wealth to purchnse
a box of matches. They have taken
great steps in thoir land settlement
and immigration policy; gigantic cooperative farms aro springing up "no-
whore," and tho roturned soldior is
not expected to take up land thnt is
standing on end or is a million miles
from nowhere.
The Union governmont Is adopting a
systom of community farming, whero
thoso men will bo enabled to havo the
advantnge of the latest labor-saving
farm machinery and will bo enabled to
livo undor conditions that compare
favorably with tho social conditions of
ths city workers. The Union govern-
went is doing all this—and then thoy
wake upI
Their immigration policy is n poach!
Sure thingi It was only tho opposition
of organizod labor that prevented them
flooding tho country with cheap Oriental labor. Tho least thoy say about
immigration policies the botter. They
have moro peoplo thnn they cnn
handle at tho present time.
Now, how nro thoy handling the roturn to civil lifo of the soldicrf They
nro apparently leaving this to tho samo
class of people who hnvo been begging
for tho soldiors' dependents, i.e., to tho
charitably inclined.
A band is to be lnunched by a pri*
vnto company   in   Vancouvor,   to   bo
called thc "Fighting Sons of Ouns,"
and will consist of at least forty piccos.
Positions will bo opon to returned soldiers.   Of course the directorate will
not mako any proflt out of this venture.   Incidentally,   a  travelling  and
business ngent has boen appointed, nnd
that brings to mind another scheme of
providing tho returned soldier with n
job.    A certain fossil, Walter Foster
by name, in  commenting upon   this
schemo says that "A suggestion has,
beon made that mon who offered thom-
flclvcn   for   onlistmont   prior   to   the
passage of tho M. S. A. are permitted
to work   for   this   Roturned Soldiors'
Co-operative    Lumber    Co.,    provided
thny aro willing to.sign an agreement
not to strike."   Ho says "There Is a
groat futuro for this organization if
'walking dologateB,f 'business ngents'
and   ' npllf torn'   are   kopt   outside.''
Surety thero must be a colored gentleman in tho tlmbor yard somewhere,
for If this Is to be a co-operative lumbor company, who  would   theso  men
strike  againstf    Surely   not   against
themselves.   If thero is danger of a
striko taking plaoe, tho cause for that
strike  must bo surely  there,    ThoBo
foot.-
Th. Result of Slomdom
Tho judge says that it is tho bare
foot that got au Amorican; but I am
a Dublin man and think nothing of
baro foot; if you givo a country girl in
Ireland a pair of good boots sho will
carry them in her hand for miles to tho
fair or tho markot town, and then put
them on to mako a fino show with.
What got at mo whon I walked about
tho slums of Dublin lately were tho
young women with waxen faces, the
scarlot patches) on tho chooks ,tho pink
lips, the shuffling, weary, almost ataxic
step, representing Dublin's appalling
burdon of consumption.   Thoy aro not
ducod 06 por cont.; salmon, for example, boing reduced from Od. to 3d. a
pound.
Tho state timber mills mado a proflt
of £8,746. State eoal minos nnd iron
and smelting works wore also started.
Notwithstanding reduction in cost
and profits tho wages of unskilled
workera employed by the government
were increased by £769,825.
The state took over tho lifo, flre and
accident insurance. Last year this
saved the insuring publio £50,000 and
mado a net surplus profit of £57,000.
Tho state bas gone into tho building
of houses for the people—everyone
must have a home.
The state hns socialized philanthropic institutions, In tho hospitals,
for example, all patients are treated
freo.
Education has net beon neglected,
school teachers' salaries having boen
incrcufpd £50.000.
Such is tho bari'trf summary of what
n government thnt represents tho
It reads
mon are going to bo oxpected to work|it m™j£ £[„
for the material interests of somo porson or porsons who will, no doubt, endeavor to get somothing "for nothing
by stealing from these soldiers part of
the product of their toil, and Mr. Foster connot cumoutinge tho issuo, how-.
over much ho may wish to.
Mr. Malkin, one of our food merchants, has another schemo. Ho suggests that all employers try and flnd
room for ono or moro returned soldiers,
which presumably moans that somo-
body else has to be canned to provide
a place. A few days ago a porter was
laid off at David Spcncor's to mako
room for a returned soldier; the ninu
who wns laid off had been getting $15
a week, and if that is what tho roturned soldier is to get, Ood help him,
unless ho hns a Union govornment pension to back him up.
So much for the quostion of how the
Union  government  is   leaving tho  returned soldiers to shift for themsolves..
The    co-operative    management    of <
railways and Mute-owned shipping pro- ■
positions is in about tho same category
as tho cooperutiive   lumber   compnny;
nnd tho only nir servico that hus beon
investigated so  far is tho hot-nir service of   the  Union   governmont   politician.
Points 9, 10 und 11 have presumably
been left in abeyance, unless tho reduction of about nine conts a weok in
the cost of living Is duo to the painstaking efforts of tho Union govornment
Upon  point   numbor   twelve  grent
progress hns  boen mnde,  i.e.,  on improved labor conditions and industrial
peace.   Since the signing of thc armistice lnbor conditions have been greatly
improved   (for  the  ruling class),  and
tho government is prepared for an era
of industrial poace by  increasing the
R. N. W. Mounted Polico, nnd nlso by
enlarging their jurisdiction to include
B. C, where  the  "radical tendencies
aro   manifested,''    those     tendencies
which, in the words of Sir Henry Holt,
"seek to withhold support from men
of brains nnd menns"   who   havo   invested their (T)  money in enterprises
which have redounded to tho   general
good."   Presumably  tho   good   Union
govornment considers the best way to
prepare for industrial  peaco is to oil
up thoir guns  and   mako  ready  tho
policomon's club, nnd so bo prepared
for the disorders  that will inevitably
arise when men get hungry.   To them
this method is easier than feeding the
hungry—in   other   words   tho   workors
ean ask for bread and tho Union governmont  Is preparing to give them a
stono.    Of course, If   the government
persists In   theso   methods   thoy  will
only have thomsclvoB to blame   when
tho day of retribution  comes, which
.,      «      ,.  -">',, " »\««k«»hi u«a  peopio has been ablo to do.
the Canadian Forward is suppressed J^ liko tt ta\ry table,
and its editor in jail so, that it *.« Now,whv is nothing of this found in
mco point in law as to whether one is our n6W8pfpflraf Why is a paper thnt
safe in quoting oven from notes. But pubij!,ii08t8UCh news suppressed! Why
sinco tho ban on the Social Domocrnts [_ jt fl crime to havfl fiQ -n our.
has beeni graciously removed and since posaoSHjonT why was it mado a crime
tho Bolshevists of Queensland have at' f0 bcIong to a 80(rfcty thftt odvocatcd
tained power through "constitutional a___ifi n   "nii-wt
means," possibly it is safe to tell a
few things that a sister Commonwealth
has been doing even during war times.
Whilo it may bo true that Socialism
cannot be fully established in tho
midst of a capitalist systom, it is also
true tbat a beginning must bo mado
somehow. That the effects of tbe
Labor-Socialist Party in Queensland
are of value if only from an educational standpoint is shown by its return
to powor. In 1015 thc party had a majority of 17. In 1918 the governmont
was sustained by a vote of 51 to 21.
Popular favor has a very substantial
basis. Let the Canadian workers con-
trast tho following with what has
taken place in Canada,
This govornment of tho peoplo established state sugar mills, reducing the
price of sugar 50 per cont.
Tho governmont took over—"confiscated," expropriated—call it what you
Uko—9,000,000 acres of land owned by
big owners and put on it sheep and
cattle and afterwards sold the carcasses of these animals in government
shops, thus reducing meat from 1 shilling a pound to 5Vjd. n pound.
Fish takon by stato trawlers was ro-1
such a policy f
Why should a few speculators control our vast areas of. undeveloped
landf Why should a fow monopolists
control our meat supply? Why should
a fow corporations grow fat at our ex-
ponsof
Who says it is a crimo for us to
want meat and sugar and bread for our
children instead of allowing thc packing plants and refinorlos nnd mills to
pilo up millions! I
Ono of these days tho roles will bo
reversed—tho judge will sit in tho prisoner's docket; the criminal on the
judge's bench, Woll may the profiteers tremble as thoy hear the distant
rumblings of tho coming storml
School Janitors Unite.
Portland, Ore.—School house janitors
in tbis city have organized and are
chartered by the A. F. of L.
Switchmen Unite.
Buffalo, N. Y.-- Officers of the
Switchmen's Union of North America
roport tho organization of lodges at
Dch Moines, Iowa, and Rochester, Pa.
Blouse Sale
NSW, PRETTY, STYLISH
' Very Oheap
These are all new things—
not odds aad ends, nor are
they blouses that have been
offered cheap by the maker.
This sale is our regular FaU
stock. We have a tremendous stock, and to be sure it is
down to normal by January
1st, we are quite willing to
sacrifice them now when
they are most saleable.
$6.00 BLOUSES, f 3.08
Hoavy Crepe de Chino or
Habutai Silk Blouses, many
different designs, high nock,
V neck or round neck; somo
have wide collars; others
have almost no collar at all;
all colors. Begular to $6.00,
for  $3.88
Saba Bros.
Limited
"Che Silk Specialists
652 ORANVILLE STBEET
Favor Labor Party.
Bloomington, III.—Thc convention of
tho atnto federation of lubor endorse'*.!
tho proposed independent lnbor party
suggested by tbe Chicago Federation of
Lnbor.
The convention voted down a resolution agalnat military training on the
ground tlmt the end "of w
in »ight
'tiro is not yot
VALLEY DAIBY
BUTTER
Try   a   pound   of
Ihis Clolden Goodness.
Valley Dairy Butter is the butter
that bettors thc
brend.
Prico 57c tho Ib.
Delivered
Valley Dairy Sells Milk
at 15c. the Quart
,__J the priee of VALLEY DAIRY MILK. We have not low-
red the quality, nor have we learned tlie care which insures this Milk coming
to you pure and wholesome.   You will continuo to got pure fresh Milk with
nothing added—and nothing taken away.
VALLEY DAIRY MILK is delicious whon served with vegetables, nnd in
no other food is there the same Hody-building Nourishment as you will find
in this Milk, which is as pure and clean no  ♦»»«   *■■ •■'■
i is ns pure and clean as  tho  big outdoors—and
ASK THE WOMAN WHO USES IT
PHONE BAYVIEW 663
as  wholo-
Valley Dairy
Bole  Distributors 3. M. Btovea Milk
Canada Food Board Licoiue 9-12240 PAGE TWELVE
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
The Home of Union Label Clothing
Men's
Overcoats
Revealing the Richest.
Imported Fabrics and
Most Distinctive Styles
A finer collection of Overcoats fhan we are
showing cannot be found anywhere. You'll
find every good model and every good
fabric here; no matter what style you would
like—we have it.
The variety of beautiful cloths in which
these overcoats are made is quite out of the
ordinary—fine Tweeds, Blanket Cloths,
Friezes are here in great assortment.
As is usual with our clothing,.despite the
excellence in make, style and material the
prices are most moderate.
■|)25-|      --I>30,      «|>35,
$40,      $50
Copyright 1913 liar: Sclulinrr 6 Marx
Claman's
153 Hastings Street West
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
The Pioneer Union Store.
Unions Still Rally to Support of Laundry
Workers
The following ia the amount of monies received for Laundry Workora'
itrike fund, up to and including Dec.
17, 1918:
Previously acknowledged $13,143.85
North Snore Iron  Workera,
(moldora)  ,         4.00
Oaa Workora         20,00
Treifht Hai&cra...
Longshoremen J
Firo Filters
35.00
100.00
120,00 J
2..S0
50.00
50.00
10.00
28.50
18.00
32.50
MACHINISTS No. 182
ELECT THEIR OFFICERS
InitalUtion of Offlcen WIU Tike Place
tt Next Regular Meeting,
Maohiniata No. 182 elected offlcen at
the laat regular meoting and they will
be installed at tho Srat meoting in
January: A. H. Donaldson, president;
C. Bullerd, vice-president; J. O. Keefe,
recording Btwretary; Jamoa H. McVoty,
Sandal secretary; J. F. Fisher, treasurer; delegates to Trados and Labor
Council, MoVety, Brookea, Towler,1
Keefe and Billiard.
Nearly all the offices were filled by
acclamation, Bro. MceVty being reelected aa financial secretary and delegato to tho Trados and Labor Couneil
for the fifteenth consecutive year, Ow.
ing to the second moeting of the month
falling on December 26, "Boxing
day," tho organization will not meet
again until January 0,
Snip Carpenters, New West....
Hotel and Res. Employees.	
Iron Workers	
Typos., Victoria	
U. M. W. of A., Cumberland..
Shoo Workers	
Amal. Carp., Central Park	
Steam Engineers        175.00
Upholsterers         10.00
Gas Workers        20.00
I. L. A. Auxiliary       150.00
.Bakors         20.00
Miners and Millmen (Hedloy,
B.0	
Bro. of Carp., Princo Rupert)
Soft Drink DiBpensers	
Teamsters and Chauffeurs       180.50
Pressmen nnd Assistants         25.00
Jowelry Workers          25.00
TO EECT OFFICERS
Shipyard Laborers, Riggers tal
Fasteners Union 385
A great deal of business waa put
through at tho last meoting of this
local. Tho new Motal Trades Council
agrcoment, covering all shipyards and
workshops, was unanimously adopted.
Tho recommendation from tho Motal
Trades Council ro "tho Bobcrtson
Agreement" was unanimously endorsed,
as well as a motion to cut out "overtime." Nominations for offlcors for
thc next session were received.
10.25'    Tho  half-yearly olection of officers
15.00      '
25.50
few Officers Are Elected by
Acclamation This
Time
Division 101 of tho Street and Electric Bailway Employoes will hold its
annual election of officers on Saturday,
December 21. The following are the
nominees for the various positions:
President—W. Barker, W. H. Cottrell.
First vice-president—T. Eccleston, J.
Hubble, E. Hicks, P. Logee.
Second viooprcsident—A. J, Hnrraway, E. Pearson.
Recording secretary—A. W. Lofting,
A. Macduff.
Finanoial secretary-business agent—
F. A, Hoover, E, Si Hougham.
Treasurer—H. Bimie, E. S. Cleveland.
Second conductor—E. Hicks, J. Johnstone, E. Pearson, E. Wadgo.
Auditors—J. Byron, A. J. Hnrraway,
E. Kermode, E. Pearson, J. Whito.
Trades and Labor Council delegates—
W. Barker, E. 8. Clevoland, W. H. Cottrell, B. G. Dnvies, W. E. Fennoll, D.
Frasor, G. B. Fcttcs, E. Hicks, F. A.
Hoover, J. Hubblo, J. Johnstone, E.
Kermode, A. Lofting, P. Logee, A. Mc*
FBIDAY. December 10. 1918
Silk Hosiery
■ t_\
Christmas
Make Selection
Now
$2.00 — Good quality
Silk Hose, in pearl, navy,
grey and black.
92.50—Pine Grade Silk
Hose; comes in silver,
rose, peacock, old rose,
yellow, black and white.
$3.50—Superior Quality
Bilk Hose; comes in
smoke, pearl, beaver, cor-
dovan, black.
$3.75—Pine Silk Hose,
in shades of taupe, champagne, putty, black; also
white with black clox and
•clack with white clox.
575 Granville 'Phono Soy. 3540
Total $14,305.10
FBED. KNOWLES,
Secretary-treasurer.
Such Is Fame
Mcssra. S. J. Crowo, M.P., ond H. H
Stovons, M.P., addrcssod a meeting in
Britannia High School on Tuesday
ovening. Tho audienco consisted of
15 persons. Laat Bunday hundreds wcro
turned away from the Bex Theatre
This is anothor sign of tho times.
will take placo ot thc next meeting nnd I*-***"*-, ■*■*■* Pearson, J. Price, B. E. Bigby.
nil membors aro requested to bo pres-1 Delegates to Convention of B. C. Fed-
ent if nossiblo. ! eration of Lnbor—A. Auton, W. Bar-
 ker, W. H. Cottrell, A. J. Hnrraway,
The Toronto police nro   on   strike, \f f*™«t_mJ, ^Hubble, E. Jackson,
owing to the dismissal of several of K" S*°"\ p ?' »'•   "n'"!'
their officers. It is evident thnt those' £: ycIn,ncH., * P™r80n' J' Pncc' B* B*
thnt control tho destinies of that city* "•{•■?y-.J--  i ^      ,*       -_.
have not yet rented that policemen J"™*0* ■>?acclaiual.on-Firat War-
are members of tho working class, and .*»! "• °* gavtea; Seeond Warden, A.
will organize, and that thero is no force fmlorBOn; First Conductor, J. Hendry;
that cun stop them doing so.
A. Watchman Here
A. Watchman, genoral organizer of
tho U. B. Carpenters, is in town looking after tho interests of tho organization.
Out-of-Town Men
who will bo in the city for the Christmas
holidays will find it advantageous to visit
The Shop of Fashion Craft before making
their clothing purchases.
Our stock is replete with all that is new in
Suits, Overcoats or Raincoats. All reasonably priced.
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 OBANVILLE ST.
judge of elections, H. 8. Schoileld.
Telloraj Prior Street Barns, 8. A. Wilson und J. McKinnon; Lulu Ialand, 0.
Hnmson; North Vancouver, E, M.
Viney.
Executive—Dny Moil's Representative—J. Armstrong, W. Barker, E. Kermode, O. Mnro, A, Mclnnes.
Executive—Night Men's Representative^—A. J. Hnrraway, E. Jackson, J,
Johnstone, J. Price.
Exocutive—Extra Men's Representative—J. C. Christie, J. T. Grace, E.
Pearson.
TWENTY- FIVE TEARS AGO
Vancouver Trades ud Labor
Council
December 19, 1918
W. H. Ireland and J. E. Henderson,
Amalgamated Bociety Carpenters and
Joiners, delegates to Trades and Labor
Council.
Victoria Trades nnd Labor Council
passed a resolution re unfairness of
provincial government to union labor.
Decided to hold entertainment on
January 4, 1894, over J. A. Pyke's shoe
store, Cordova street. John Rumble
and   —Best ndded to social committee.
Ooo. Walker, vice-president, presided,
and Oeo. Gagen secretary.
Eight Hours ln England
London, Eng.—A conference of government officials and representatives of
the National Union of Trainmen has
agreod on an eight-hour day for these
workers. Committees of both sides will
review wages and other questions. The
railwaymen have been asking for improved conditions and several weeks
ago notified the government that tho
no-striko truce, agreed to becauso of
the war, was at an end.
Further Efforts  Made to
Deal With the
Unemployed
At tho regular moeting of Local 620
held on Monday, December 16, the
membership was still further increased,
there being ten candidates for initiation and oight new applications and
transfers. A communication was received from tho Laundry Workers
thanking tho workers for assistance
rendered and making a request for help
on tho piotet lino. This request was
granted and the members were in
structed to assist in every way possiblo.
The bylaws committee reported on the
draft bylaws. Tho committee's report
was accepted and tho new bylaws
adopted, a thousand copies of which aro
to be printed, and a copy sent to overy
member. At the same timo a circular
letter will be sent out giving the mem'
bership a resume pf the activities of
the organization during tho past year,
The question of organization work
among the heating engineers of the eity
was taken up, and a meeting is to bo
held in the near future to which theso
mon will be invited. During tho 15
minutes allowed for education purposes
a discussion took placo in which the
need for a closer and moro efficient
form of organization was demonstrated.
The fact of the Dominion Trades Congress refusing to entertain several
resolutions having for thoir object tho
inauguration of an industrial form of
organization was commented upon and
the membors of Local 620 wore convinced that tho inefficient craft union
movement must give way to a moro
progressive movement or perish.
Another ineffectual attempt was
mado to cope with the unemployed situation and it is expected that this vexatious question will crop Up again.
The stationary committeo, to which
has been added Bros. Green and Carl-
Bon, will tako this mattor up and submit a concrete proposition to tho local
in the near future. A committeo has
also been formed for the purposo of
drawing up an educational programme
whoreby members will be deputized to
givo a five-minute talk on some subject
of vital interest to'tho working class.
Reports wero received from various
committees, including ono from thc
delegates to thc Motal Trades Council.
Tho local went on record as being in
favor of the new M. T. C. agreement,
which aims at wage increases and a
closed shop. After several other matters of a detail nature wcro disposed of
the moeting adjourned at 10 p. ni., tho
timo set at last week's meoting, at
which all futuro meetings must adjourn.
,1
LAUNDRY STRIKE
Organized  Labor  Is  Still
Rendering Financial Support to Strikers
The laundry stride is still on. Tho
strikers aro not losing thoir enthusiasm,
and picketing iB boing continued. That
the organization of tie laundry workers haB beon of benefit to them is to
be evidenced in the results achieved in
tho setting of a minimum wage for tho
womon engaged in this industry. Tho
organizations are still supporting the
strikers by finances as will bo Been by
the list of donations reported in another place in this week's issue.
Many of the organized workers are
assisting in the picketing, and those
laundries that havo signed up with tho
organization are doing a roaring business.
Tho regular meeting of tho Office
Workers was hold on Tuesday night-
Many members of the organization are
still on the sick list. An organizing
campaign will bo started at tho beginning of the year.
Adamston, W! Va.—Carpentors have
advanced wages to 70 cents an hour.
File Driven
All the Pile Drivers at Coughlan's
aro on striko as a result of tho Blacksmith's trouble.
Soviet Revolution Theme of
Discourse Last Sunday
at Royal
The war, the peace settlement, tho
revolting peoples in Europe, reconstruction, tho prospects of an economic
breakdown and its accompanying unemployment and miseries—no lack of
probloms these days, wide as the world
in their magnitude and insistent on
radical solutions.
The working peoplo of Vancouver aro
seriously taking under consideration
for themselves these social problems 8R
being particularly and special problems for them and the rest of their
class to solvo. And so thoy are attending in ovor larger numbers on Sunday
evenings whoro vital questions nre
handled with tho gloves off. As they
should bo. Handled by men of their
own class, who besides having first hand
and intimate personal cxporionco of
working class troubles havo also a
thorough knowledge of social dovelopment and the mechanism of our present social structure, and who, discarding the conventional and sycophantic
mothod of treatmont, strip tho subject
mattor of superficial and surface ob-
scurancies, open it up scentifically, so
that plain people may understand the
essential factors.
Thus Comrade Jack Harrington of
the Socialist Party of Canada handled
his locturo before a packed audience in
the Theatre Royal on Sundav ovening.
Lack of spaco forbids us to follow
Comrado Harrington in the elaboration
of his theme; all that can be set down
hero are the prominent features of his
discourse.
In his opening remarks he referred to
a display article in the Sunday Sun on
tho Bolshoviki, tho I. W. W. and Socialism, and remarked that the author
of tho article was formerly connected
with a paper onco published in Vancouver called the Sunset, now set in
very trutn, and that no doubt he would
now help to conduct the Sun itself
towards its twilight also.
Tho writer haid said that the Socialist should bo combattcd on his own
rostrum. Our answer is that for many,
many yoars a challenge hnd been issued
weekly by the Socialist Pnrty of Canada to nil and sundry to tnko its platform of opposition. A few had. tried,
but so far all had gono down to signal
defeat.   The platform was still open.
Taking for his central theme Socinl
Revolution, ho asserted that wo were
now in a revolutionary era and showed
thnt in it were to bo found, fully developed, all tho fundamental nnd necessary historical and economic characteristics that had been the necessary condition for all provious social revolutions.
All Bocial revolutions were the product of tho development of that history-
making forco, the changing method of
production. Tho developing means of
production is the primary means of social progress. All social progress draws
its sustenance from and is conditioned
upon an over-increasing capacity of
men to produco. But tho political system or method by which tho products
Get this union-made overcoat
for Christmas
A belated shipment of heavy woolens from the Old
Country has just arrived, and rather than carry
them over for another season I am selling them off
at a fraction above cost, and with the labor put in at
absolute cost The fabrics are heavy meltons,
tweeds, shetlands and nappy-finished worsteds-
made up into ulsters, belted coats and fitted-in coats
in the very latest styles—thoroughly well lined and
finished in true Tom-the-Tailor stele. This is my $50
and $60 lines. You can buy tnem made to your
measure by your fellow-union men for
$35.00
wbfi.
632GRANV/LLE
314HASTMSW
UNTO* IHOF
are appropriated must conform to the
method of production or conflict results.
The method of production advancos
continuously, whilo the political superstructure advances erratically. It lags
bohind in pro-revolutionary periods bo-
cause control of tho political state and
the direction of its affairs aro in the
hands of a class, special beneficiaries
under tho system, and so ihterosted in
preserving things as they are. Henco
a strugglo between classes. Fundamentally what has taken placo is thnt
the method of production is in antagonism with tho method of appropriating
the products, thus sotting tho human
equations, congregated in classes, into
nntngonism of interests. Hcuco tho
bourgeois revolution agninst feudalism,
and honco the proletarian revolution of
our day ngainst tho bourgeois system
of socialized production and its opposite in nature, class appropriation of
products.
Tho speaker stressed on his faith in
tho fighting qualities and resolution of
tho workors to achiovo their emancipation, once they, clearly understood in
sufficient numbers its possibility.
Hithorto thoy had sacrificed themselves
lavishly* for ideals with no material
foundation in fact. But tho unsubstnn-
tials ideal of a heaven after death no
longer had power to sway tho multitude. Amidst a boundless capacity for
production thoy demanded something
approaching a material heaven on earth,
security and a larger life as tho result
of their labors. ThlB could only bo attained by social ownership of tho means
of production and production for use.
A PROTEST—By ' '7963''      ....
I am a numborl No longer a person!
I am simply a part of tho machinery
that is used to mako profits for a useless, idlo, parasito class whose only
function is to rule and rob tho worker
from tho cradlo to tho grave.
I am a number I I who used to think
I was n man. Yes, I admit I am a
big number, but what I protest against
most vehemently is tho fact that I am
a number only and not a man at all.
I am a number! Even my master
docs not kuow my namo; and does not
want to know it. I who used to think
that no Britain ever could bo a slavo.
Yes! Horo I am in "copper rivet-
ted rags" with a brass plato pinned
upon them—numbered '' 7963' '—numbered like ono of a tremendous heard of
cattle.
I urn a numborl Aye, and whilo I
pen this protest, I am aware that even
thoso who fought and bled in Flanders
and in France, are also numbers. Yes,
they woro mostly workers beforo they
went away to do tho bidding of tho
Mastor Class. And whilo I writo thoy
clamor for a chance to wear my number, to wear my "copper rivotted
rags." Numbers! Numbers! Numbers!   I am sick and tired of them.
I want to end all this sonselcss struggle for a moro existence Let me
LIVE.   Lot mo bo a MAN.
Fourteen Die ln Explosion
Pompton Lakos, N. J.—Fourteen men
woro killed and a score injured, somo of
thom seriously, as tho result of an ox-
plosion at the Du Pont powder plant
hore.
The Big Union Stores for Men
Free
Cigars
COME    ALONG,   BOYS - THE
XMAS "SMOKES" ARE ON DICK
Starting Saturday morning we will, until
Christinas, givo a box of first-class Union-
made Cigars with the purchase of any Suit
or Overcoat in our stock.
STEP UP—THE CIGARS ABE GOOD
—UNION MADE, TOO-JUST AS
GOOD AS THE SUIT OR O'OOAT
YOU GET.
This offer is unlimited—we've laid in a
stock of thousands of cigars to meet the demand.
We'ro throwing in the cigars for Xmas
measure—You'll get full value—every cent's
worth—in tho Suit or Overcoat—values such
as you can't get anywhere else.
YOUR   MONEY'S   WORTH   OR
YOUR MONEY BACK
10% OFF TO ALL SOLDIERS
33-45-47-49, Hastings ShEasK
/

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