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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 21, 1918

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Array THE-BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY! 8TBBNOTH
OFFICIAL PAPEB:   VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDEBATION OP LABOB
POLITICAL UNITT:   VICTOBl
TENTH YEAR.  No. 25
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 21,1918
(la Vumuwv
■> our, is oo )
$1.50 PER YEAR
POLICE ORGANIZE
BUT I CHIEF
OBJECTS
Right to Organize Is Conceded by the Police .
Commissioners
Discharged Men's Reinstatement Yet to Be Dealt
With
That taion's actions are determined
by their environment is once again
proved by the fact that the policemen
of the eity have organizod.
The environment referred to ie the
one that is in existence all over the
country, and which iB produced by the
ever increasing cost of living, viz., the
desiro to organize, which iB the outward
expression of dissatisfaction againBt
the conditions that prevail, and a euro
indication that the increased cost of
living is having the effect of lowering
the standard of living of the workerB.
On Friday evening of last week the
initial meeting waa held, in the Labor
Temple. The situation was placed before tho mon in blue by Business Agent
Midgley of the Central Body, who
pointed out thc difficulties that would
be encountered if they were determined to organize. Ho was followed by
President McCallum of tho B. 0. Federation of Labor, and Secretary-Treasurer; Wells.
Ballot Taken
After considerable discussion, a secret ballot was taken, to ascertain if
the mon present woro desirous of forming an organization. The result was:
voting in favor <i.±, ngninst none, and
44 mon prosent, some unanimity, and
disproves nny suggestion that tho men
woro boing misguided by anyone, and
proves that they themselves were desirous of forming an organization.
Chief McRae Objects
Monday, however, saw a new move,
Chief McRae dismissing threo men, his
reasons being that he did not consider
that it wus in tho interests of tho department that the men should have a
union. The men dismissed wore Constables Shields and Milno and Sorgt.
Annorsley.
Another Meeting
On Tuesday a meeting wns held betwoen tho polico commission and V. R.
Midgloy, D. McCallum und A. S. Wells,
representing tho policemen, Chief Me-
Ruo uud Deputy Chief Leutherdale
also being prosent.
Attitude of Chief.
Chief McRno was asked by the
mayor, who had been instrumental in
bringing tho difl'oront parties together,
why ho wus opposed to tho policemen
forming a union. Ho stated his objection to tho formation of a union in the
dopnrtracnt wus the impossibility of
union policemen boing able to fully ad-
ministur their dutiea in cubc of being
culled upon to interfere in a labor dispute. He also thought that on the
question of a sympathetic strike thc
organization of tho coustnbles might in*
torfero with the proper performance of
police duties. Ho said thut upart from
a union of policemen he had every
sympathy with tho principle of unionism. He had warned tho men aguinst
organizing and wus but carrying out
what ho considerod to bc his duty in
dismissing thoso whom he knew to be
actively engaged in the formation of
the union. Several members of tho department, he said, had declared that
.thoy would not join a labor organization, and ono or two had stated that
they would leavo the department rather
than poin a union.
Business Agent Midgloy pointed out
that the question involved wus the one
of the right of men to organize, and
that tho trados unionists of the city
and province would back up tho men
on this point. Ho instanced tho fuct
thut the policemen woro organized in
Calgary, und in London, England,
whoro twenty-three thousand polico nnd
prison wardors, etc., wero allowed to
organize, und also .stated that if there
were no other police organization, thnt
did not ufTcct the position, which was
have these mon tho right to orgunizo,
and ho contended! thot they hud.
A. S. Wolls stated thut the action
of the chief of police in dismissing thc
men for forming an organization was
intimidation of tho worst type, und
said thut if tho chief had wanted to
curry out his ideas, ho should havo discharged ull the men und not huve
pickod out threo men. It was ut this
stage of thc proceedings learned that
another mun hud been discharged, mnking four in all.
D, MeCullum ulso gave his views as
to the right of tho men to orgunizo,
and suid that thc question of a closed
shop -or other points rniBed wero not the
questions nt issue, and pointed out that
if an agreement wns entered into thnt
the orgunized labor movement wus always ready to live up to its agreements.
After a good deal of argument it wns
decided that a further meeting would
bo held on Thursday, this to give Chief
McRae time to put into shape his views
on the question.
On thc suggestion of A. S. Wells, it
wns ngreod to that no further dismissals would bc made, unless any of
the men wore guilty of intimidation.
On Tuesday evening another nieeting
of the men wns held when it was decided to affiliate with the Trados und
Labor Council, Four delegates were
chosen, and all from tho mon who were
fired by the chief. Their names nre:
Shields, Milne, .Annorsley nnd Armstrong.
Another Conference
Thursday afternoon another conference wns held with tho police commissioners, when tho commissioners agreed
thnt the men had a right to organize,
but beforc they would recognize the
union thoy would have to see the constitution and bylaws.
The commissioners stated that they
would not interfere with the right of
the chief to discharge men.   Business
\ Agent Midgley stated that if any more
FEDERATED LABOB
PARTY MEETS SUNDAY
Dr. W. J. Curry WUl Speak on "Social
Revolution'*- at the Bex
Theatre on Sunday
Dr. W. J. Curry is to be the speaker
at the Rex theatre Bunday evening,
June 23. He will deal with the impending conflict between the people and1 the
capitalist class for political power.
He will show why the daily preBS, the
church and our institutions of learning
are the tools of plutocracy; will ahow
the forces making for the rule of the
people, and the establishment of permanent peace and real democracy.
He will answer the question should
"Firemen and Policemen form Unionfl
or Go On StrikeBt" and will also answer questions of public interest. Organ
recital at 7:1"
Strugg; ;5j for   Eight-Hour
l\ £to Be Made
< % Strike
Engineers of tho province have decided on action to enforce an eight-hour
day in all stationary plants in continuous operation. At a meoting of the
Steam and Operating Engineers Union
at Labor Temple a decision was reached to go on strike on July 1 if employers do not accede to demands. The
now wages and conditions are to become effective on Juno 20. Business
Agent W. A. Alexander states that
"there are now more thun 1000 ongi-
I neers who are members of the union
and the opportunity has presented itsolf when it is possiblo to establish
an eight-hour working day for the members of our craft aud also to obtain bettor wnges than in tho past. For a
number of years wo have tried to induce tho provincial govornment to
establish an oight-hour day in steam
plants by amendment to tho British Columbia Boilers Inspection Act, but
without success. Even Chineso and
Japanese refuse to work tho long hours
that numbers of engineers are compelled to work. Some engineers are
working as long as 13 hours a day."
Tho new wage scalo determined on
is ns follows: First-class engineora,
$200 n month; second-class, $165; third-
class, 60 cents an hour; fourth-class,
50 cents an hour. Those rates nre applicable to plants in the city only. For
plants outBido tho larger cities $25 a
month is added to tho nrit-class engineers' wages and five cents an hour to
the wagos of all other classes. A
month is to consist of 26 oight-hour
working days. In all cases where the
wngo scale is set by the hour, 48 hours
aro to constitute a week'a work. All
time worked over 48 hours a week to
be considered us overtime, und to bo
paid at the rate of "timo and a half."
Notices have been sent to all employers of engineers throughout thc
provinco. The. new schedule applies to
all sections of the province, except
Pri nee Ruport district, whore highor
rates ure to be demanded.
According to Secrotary Alexander,
some engineers now work 11-hour days
and 13-Jiour nights for seven days a
weok, und in some enses hnve not enjoyed n holiday for sovernl yenrs, so
nro looking forward to the advent of
tho eight-hour day with pleasure, and
are willing to tnko a long desired holiday, if necessary, to enforce snme.
Joint Executive of the Street Railway Men Which Is Handling
the Case for the Employees in the Conciliation Proceedings
Back   row, left  to right—T. Nock, Victoria; F. Ray, New Westminster;  A. V.
left  to right—F.  Hoover, Vancouver; W. Yntes, New Westminster, and W.
Lofting, Vancouver.    Seated,
H. Cottrell, Vnncouver.
S
I
Local of Garment Workers
Sends Its Quota of
Delegates
IS
Minister of Lands Promises
Legislation at Next
Session
Compnny towns aro synonymous with
troublo, nnd there hns been trouble in
tho lust few dnys tit Ocenn Falls.
The tnntter wns brought to tho attention of tho B. C. Federation of Labor
executive, and' President MeCullum nnd
Soeretnry-Trcnsarcr Wells hud nn interview on Tuesday with Hon. T. D. Pat*
tuulo, minister of Innds.
As a result of the interview, Mr. Pat*
tualo hns promised that sonic legislation
will be brought down at the next session of thc house.
Tho minister recognizes the troublo,
und thnt somothing is necessnry to remedy tins evils that now exist, nnd ns
ho stated, tho subject is one that bristles with difficulties, und he is desirous
of bringing in legislution thnt will be
tho best under tho circumstances.
He nskod that suggestion should bc
given, us to tho best possible solution,
pointing ont thnt he did not think the
proposal that thc province take a quarter interest in the townsite would bc tho
best solation of the difficulties.
Women to Organize
On Tuesday ovoning the initinl meeting to organize thc women workers not
covered by nny orgnnizntion nt present
in existence wns held.
MisB Gutteridge nddrcsscd thc meeting, us did A. S. Wells, secretary-
treasurer of tho B. C. Federation of
Labor.
Several of thc ladies present spoke
i*e the need of organization amongst the
women of Vancouver. Other meetings
will bc held in thc nenr future, tho purpose boing to organize all women workers who ure at present without any
organization, covering laundries, fac-
tori.es, otc. Full notice will bo given
of future meetings.
men wore discharged that he would
not bc responsible for the results.
Mnyor Gale said that ho would not bo
responsible either, as ho would not dis-
chnrgo them.
As regards the re-instakmont of the
discharged men, thiB question was left
in abeyance, tho commissioners taking
thc stand that thc matter would have
to rest until such time ns tho constitution nnd bylaws were dealt with.
Retail Clerks Active and Are
Pushing Their Union
Store Card
The Victoria and District Trades
nnd Labor Council met on Wednesday
evening, the attendance being smaller
than usual, owing to the fact that the
Federated Labor Pnrty wns holding it
meeting in connection with the by-election in that city the snme evening.
Tho newly formed Garment Workers Local afflliated with tho council nnd
sent two delegates.
A communication was received from
tho mayor, inviting the council to send
live delegntoa to attend u public meeting in the city hall next week for thc
purpose of discussing matters pertain-
ing to the Welcome Club.
Delegates Taylor, "Wutson, McLennan, Sivertz and Miss Proctor were appointed.
Delegato Woodward informed the
council that thc Retnil Clerks wore
asking for an incrense of wages
amounting to 20 per cont. nnd intended
to place a curd in every store in the
city that signs tbe agreement with tho
organization.
The council endorsed the wnge incrense nsked by the retail clerks, and
will recommend to the affiliated locals
that they patronize only those stores
tlmt have tbe    card    of    tho   Retnil
Deputy Minister of Labor
Reports the Matter
Is Settled
IN
Pledges   Full   Support
Returned Soldiers'
Candidate
to
BOILERMAKERS RATIFY
$7.20 PER DAT WAGE
New Pacific Ooaat Agreement Favored
by AU Local Unions Witb
One Exception
A doily wage of $7.20 per mechanic,
a Saturday half holiday, and control of
shipyard employment by the union are
the main features of the new agreement recently formulated by the executive board of the Pacific Coast Conncil
of Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and
Helpers. The new arrangement is to
become operative July 1. It has been
ratified by all locals on the coast except San Francisco.
A territory extending from the Mexican border to Prince Rupert, Canada,
is effected by the new order.
Investigation will Be Made
Into Wages of Female
Workers in B. C.
[By W. H. Hoop]'
ion consisting of Mr. Alex,
Company Refuces to Comply
with Approved Scheme
for Medical Aid
Mr. J. D. McNiven, Deputy Minister of Lnbor, returned to tho coast
from the interior on Thursday. While
in the interior he endeavored to get a
settlement of the trouble in Slocan district, which arose out of the hospital
arrangements in that district.
He reports that the trouble has been
satisfactorily Bottled.
The troublo arose out of the hospital arrangements, which the Workmen's
Compensation Act commission approved.
There uro two hospitals in the district, one at Silverton, and the other
at New Denver, und the arrangements
entered into by the miners at Silverton
was approved by the commission, and
thc company desired the arrnugementB
to be made at New Denver.
The settlement arrived at is as follows:
Mr. McNiven to send a copy of the
Compensation Act, und n copy of tlft
Old Party Politicians Can
Now Show Their Sincerity
to Returned Men
The Federated Labor Party wus
launched on Wednesday in thc Capital
City, and the following officers elected:
President, A. Watchman; vice-presidents, E. Ellis and T. Dooley; secretnry, W. Elliott; treasurer, J. Stevenson.
Advisory committee, Messrs. Watson, j
Vurnic, Donnnchie, Uoldridge, Peters*
Flewcn, Oliver, McLeod, McLellan and
Norton
After discussing tho advisability of
placing a candidate in thc field for the
by-election, the following resolution
wns introduced und adopted:
"Whereas over 10,000 men drawn
largely from the working classes left
the constituency of Victoria to confront n common foe in Europe;
" Amlnjwhercns after the end of the
wnr the majority of those men will return to this province nud city to seek
;i livelihood; nnd
" Whereas this meeting considers
that  tho interests  of these  men   and
Watchman, Mr. Jas. Dakers and W. H.
Hoop, international organizer of the Retail Clerks Association, waited upon Attorney-General Farris on Wednesday
afternoon relative to the appointment
of the Minimum Wage Board, for the
purpose of investigating the wages paid
to fomalo workers in the province of
British Columbia. Pressure of business
was givon as tho chief reason, though
the attorney-general thought that the
selection of the board needed vory careful handling, and this also took time. It
was pointed out to him that tho small
wages being paid to many was causing
great hardship, and further thot organized lobor was ready to take drastic
uction if the investigating board was
vory long delayed. The Hon. J. W. de
Farris said that he wanted thc board to
be entirely free from the partiznnBhip
of capital and labor that such was the
spirit of tho act, and ho hoped the
board, whon appointed, would deal only
with the merit of the various investigations relative to the wages question.
When asked for a definite time in which
to expect thc board lo bo in full blast
investigating, ho said "would a month
bo too long to wait; I would like to
havo it going as soon as possible."
With this assurance, the delegates left
feeling that at last tho Store Clerks
wero going to get a Bhow down. One
word to the clerks: Tho bill passed, can
never be enforced regarding wuges unless there is a good union to help the
merchant to come across. The girls in
such Btorcs as Woolworths' and other
low-paid stores, should immediately get
into the Clerks Union. When the board
meets to look into your pay envelopo,
the Clerks' Union will Bee thnt your
case comes to the notico of the investigators.
LOCALCENTRALBODY
US
Supports Policemen in Uie
Fight for Right to
Organize
Asiatic  Crews  for   Ships
Built on B. C.
Coast
Vice-president Welsh took the chair
at the regular meeting of the Trade!
and Labor Council on Thursday night,
President Kelly being away on business
for the Longshoremen at San Diego.
The minutes of the previous meeting were adopted as read.
The City Policemen 'b Union applied
for affiliation, which was granted.
The executive reported as to a scheme
to advertise "Safety First" which had
been presented to thehi. They recommended the adoption of the report,
which waB to the effect that the matter rightly should have been undertaken
by tho Compensation Act commission
and that they had refused to endorse
me.   The report was adopted.
They also reported on the Hotel
and Restaurant Employees' wage scale,
which was referred to a committee for
report.   Tho report was adopted.
The special committeo on wage
scale of Steam Enginoers and Pile
Drivers reported favorably. The report
was adopted.
The committee on Asiatic organization reported progress and that they
were asking information from local
unions.
Business Agent Midgloy reported on
the strike of Fruit and Produce men
stating tho difficulty was sottled. He
also reported on buBiness agents' meetings. Thu board, he claimed, would
be of much value to the movement.
He further reported as to his activ-
,itnl fund.
Clerks'International
Orgnnizer Hoop of the Retnil Clerks I question the hospital fees collected,
then nddrcsscd the council, on behalf
of the clerks, and thnnked thc council
for its nssistnncc in the pnst, nnd impressed on the delegates the necessity
of supporting tho clerks, and all other
organizations  when  purchasing poods.
He pointed out the necessity of solidarity on the pnrt of the wnrkers nnd
urged thom not to let the spirit of
unity lug at this most criticnl time.
Ho pointed out that the movement in
nny given locality was not whnt nn
internntionnl orgnnizer could do by wuy
of arousing temporary enthusiasm
nmong the rnnk nnd file to work for
their own betterment, but tbnt it wns
reflected by tlie determination of the
workors themselves, nnd their activities.
The council ndjourned nt 0.15 in a
body to attend tho meeting of the Federated Lubor Pnrty.
contract between the miners and Drs. i thnt of nil returned or returning sol-
Rose and Hartin, of Silverton, to a Su- diers, have not been conserved by
preme Court judge, und said judge to j either of the old political parties; nnd
be requested to give his decision ns to i " Wlierens it is understood thut a con-
tho authority of the Workmen's Com- vention will bc held on Friday next by
pensation Act Board to order the com- the returned soldiers to nominate a
pany to pay over to the   doctors   in] mun from their runks; aud
"WhereaB several names aro to be
It appears that the Compensation isubmitted to said convention, nny one
Bourd has approved of the arrange- of whom is certain to bo a man of foments entered into by the miners, con- dependent thought nnd singleness of
sequenlly the scheme becomes uu ap- purpOBO, and who cnn bc relied upon
proved scheme under tho net, but thc j to work for the interests of th© re-
company disputes the nuthority of the turnod soldier and the common people,
board, und refusos to pay ovor thp ! "Therefore be it resolved that this
money which is contributed to the hos- |convention   of   the   representatives   of
Fund Approaches S2000 Mark
Tho   Federntod    Labor   Party   nn-1
nnunced during the recent effort on be- j
half of the dependents of tho firemen |
killed on duty that the fund would be |
kept opon for n few weeks.   The B. C.
Electric   Railway   Company   hns   this
week forwarded $100, whieh brings the
fund totnl up to $1911.35, whioh amount
hns been placed nt the disposal of the
Firomohs  Union.
Machinists
The International Association of Machinists has boon called upon by tho
United States governmont to mobilize
its entire forces. Work in shipyards,
munition shops nnd railroad shops is to
bo speeded up by taking mon from nonessential industries. All machinists
now serving in the army or navy may
be taken out and placed in industrial
establishment", where they are badly
needed nt the present timo. Every local
union is now busy registering its membership, and' also nonunion machinists,
toolmakers und special men, in order
that their services mny bo used to best
advantage.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Juno 23.—Dining onr
Employees.
MONDAY, Juno 24.—Boilermakers, Stoam Engineers, Electri-
A malgama ted Engineers. Upholsterers, Iron Workors, U. B.
Curpenters No. 017, Streot Ruilway  Men's  Executive.
TUESDAY, Juno 25.—Barbers,
Amalgamated Carponters, Machinists No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, June 26.—Gas
Workers, Teamsters & Chauf-
four.", Metal Trados Council,
Stroet Rnilwny Men,
THURSDAY, June 27.—Sheet
Meta] Workers, Painters, Machinists No. 182, Shipwrights
and Caulkers.
FRIDAY, June 28.—Pile Drivers
and Wooden Bridgebuildors,
Shipyard Laborers, Plumbers,
Telephone Operators, Mill and
Factory Workers, Warehousemen.
the Federated Labor Party desires to
i go on record that it will not Oppose
!a suitablo nominee nf the returned sol
diers who will bo independent in poll
i tics-;
"And* further bo it resolved thut the
Conservative und Liberal parties and
| other parties be publicly roquostod
* to withdraw their candidates nnd
allow tbe nominee of tho returned soldiors to be elected by ucclamation and
thus prove their sincerity in the premises"
Shipyard Laborers
Thirty-three new members were Initiated nnd many applications recoived
at an exeoptionally good meeting. Thc
rosignntion of Business Agent Hardy
whs accepted, and Secretnry Phelps wns
eleoted to fill the vacancy pro tem. The
semi-annual election of officers will take
place Friday, June 28. Thc looal endorsed the resolution of the Metal
Trndes Council regarding roturned soldiers being admitted prior to pnyment
of Initiation foe. The financial standing of the locnl is suoh that tho local
can be well proud of it.
A
Meat Cutters and Butchers
plendid meeting at which soven
now members were initiated, was held
and ollicers were elected for the coming
term. A picnic will be hold in tho
latter part of July if arrangements oan
bo made with tho packing plants for n
dny off. The following officers were
elected: Prosidont, C. P. Hiiggins;
vice-president, Mrs. Hazel Cook; financial secretary and business agent, T. W.
Anderson) recording secretary, J. Snm-
mors; guard, W. Hill,
Ten  Firms  Sign  Up  and
Produce Union
Bread
After u strenuous endeavor for n
period of ten dnys to effect a settlement of the schedule ns presented by
thc Bakery Workers Union, and having a positive reply of "No negotiations" fram tbe master bakers association, comprising Messrs. Shelly Bros.,
Brewers, Pincbin 's, Woman's Bakery
and Stevenson Bros., the employeos hnd
no alternative but to withdraw thoir
services from the above mentioned
firms. As an eleventh hour endeavor
to avoid u conflict the linkers, nftor
tuking it unanimous vote by secret ballot to strike unless negotiations wero
started within twelve hours, and receiving a cart reply "that all had been
said on the question,'*' decided that all
men bc withdrawn on Sundny ut 11
a.m. before the flour wns put to rise.
Tho employers immediately not to
work to divide the men, who strenuously refused to net ns Individuals, but
stopped  solid.
Au ugent wns nppointod to represent
the mon, and the secretary of the mas-
tor bakers association represented tho
omployers.
Mayor Qalo, us usual, believing thnt
it   is possible   for  businoss relntions
be curired on successfully) by organized
bodies, endeavored to bring ubout u
conference by the good services of J.
E, Plant, bakery inspector.
Home six  sessions of this committeo
huve  beon   held   with   Mayor  (Jnlo   or
Inspector Plant presiding, and severnl
outstanding points hnvo beon sottled t
the satisfaction   of both  parties.
The ono outstanding feature being
the right of tho men to work with
whom thoy will.
Negotiations uro still ponding on
this point and fi nieeting of employees
was called lust night nt 11.15 to consider tho roport submitted by the joint
committee.
Tlie union has received ino membership since the trouble commenced practically ull the remaining bakers in the
city.
The following linns hnvo already
signed the agrnemnl as presented by
the men without amendment, fooling
that tho demands wore well justified!
DodsonB, Hoses, Bungalow, Robert-
sons, McFndzean, Hritish Bakery, Fergusons, Uodloys, Granville Bakery,
Bocchs Bakery, and a few more ponding where bread can lie obtained mnde
undor union  conditions.
These firms uro employing extra men
ponding settlement with'a viow of pro-
"ding the citizens with the necessities
of life.
Girls are working for the C. I'. H.
ut Mission City cutting weeds, etc.,
along the ruilway. Why not have
Indies ns waiters on the C. P. R. dining
Greenwood Lodge.
•nrsf-
ity regarding returned. Boldiers being
farmed out to contractors without pay,
and that he had taken the matter up
in conjunction with Bro. Thomas of the
Carpenters with Mr. H. H.' Stevens,
M. P. '
He reported that the dining car situation wns hanging fire as he had been
unable to get in touch with his colleague on the board and the Minister
of Labor had to appoint a chairman, and that thc board was expecting
to commence its labors next week.
Del. Winch roported that the Longshoremen were Btill continuing negotiations, and that the L L. A. Auxiliary
had moved to new quarters.
Cigar Makors reported that Caraboua
cigars wus still on unfair list.
Boot and Shoe Workers reported that
they were negotiating n new wage
schedule.
Soft Drink Dispensers reported increased membership and two houses
signed up. viz., the Kugle ami Strutford,
and thanked the Tenmsters ahd Ship
Carpentors for their assistance, nnd
asked thut no discrimination should be
shown to tho Shipyard Inn, which was
fair in nil brunches. ,
Motor Mechanics reported progress
land thut they were admitting returned
soldiers for one dollar.
Del. Knowles reported for tbe Letter
Curriers thut they had recoived an
ndditionnl wnr bonus.
Barbers reported progress nnd two
new shops signed up.
Hotel and Rcstuurunt Employees reported thut Mclnlypc's restnunntf was
still unfnir und thut a union man was
eating there.
Butchers nsked all to look for their
card when they purchnsed meat.
Garment Workers thanked orgnnized
labor for their Bupport of their label.
Upholsterers reported progress.
The second rending of the amendments to the constitution to provide for
proportional representation in election
of officers and for nomination of oflii-
oers, was adopted.
The Marino Firemen i introduced tho
following resolution:
"Whereas the shipping muster, huving made application to the Marine
Firemen and Oilers for u crew for the
SS. Alaska, nnd the Murine Firemen
and Oilers had ngreed to supply the
Crew fur iheir department, and the
sMpipng muster now informs the Marine Firemen ami Oilers that u Chinese
crew is being brought from Livorpol;
"Thereforo be it resolved thut this
council protests ngninst the notion of
the owners of the SS. Alnskn, iu bringing u crew from Liverpool, and that
eopiofl of this resolution bo sent to tho
Ministor of Marine, Ottawa; Vancouver
branch ^u\y League, and the Grent
Wnr Veterans Asau-Ciuiioii,"
Iti'solutiou adopted.
Del, Showier moved that couneil endorse the policemen in their effort* to
organize and pledge their full support
to them in their efforts to establish tho
right to organize. The motion was
unanimously adopted,
Miss Guttoridgo reported ns to the efforts to organize tho women workerB,
und timt it might be possible thnt some
encroachment would take place on somo
internationals, but thut until such organizations undertook to organize their
crafts they would organize indivitlu-
ully.
_ Del Watts of the Electrical Workers
introduced a resolution ro Tom Mooney,
which is us follows, and which was
adopted:
Whereas, Tom Mooney of San Francisco, hns boon sentenced* to hung, us n
rosult of the testimony of witnesses
whom we hnve overy reason to believe
perjured themselves, and;
"Wherens, District. Attorney Fickert.
who put forth strenuous iimf questionable efforts for the conviction of
Mooney, hns recently admitted huving
given u letter of introduction to
(hnrlos Crowley, who is now serving
seven yenrs' imprisonment for dynamiting allied ships und railroad bridges
■u the northwest and Canada, and;
"Whcrens, District Attorney Fickurt
gave Crowley the letter, well'knowing
that ho was employed by the German
Consul Von Bopp, and;
"Whereas, Hric Von Shnuck, Gcrmnu
(Continued on page 8) PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT...
SLATER'S
QUALITY     SERVICE,
FREE DELIVERY
Pork and Beans, 3 for  25c
Sardines, 3 for   25c
Peas, per can -  15c
Peaches, per can  20c
Pears, large size tins  20c
Salmon, 2 for ji  25c
Potted Beef, 3 for  25c
Seeded Raisins, per package .....  10c
Not-a-Seed Raisins, 2 for  25c
Tomatoes, per can  15c
Slater's Cheese, per tb  40c
EXTRA SPECIAL
Wild Rose Flour, 10-lb. paper sack, Saturday
only (with other groceries)    65c
SLATER'S
131 Hastings Street East.   Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street.   Seymour 866
3214 Main Street.   Fairmont 1683
$35.00 Navy Blue Serge Suits
$25=22
Blue Serge Suits of remarkable value. Every thread
wool, and'guaranteed fast dye; a good weight West
of England Serge; worth $35.00. *rNo C AA
On sale Saturday for...... -vp.60.UU
Special Bargains in all kinds of Summer Goods
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
"The Store That's Always Busy"
546-GRANVILLE   STREET-546
Men's Suits
AS YOU cannot purchase gold dollars for 75c, neither can
you purchase high-class tailored garment! for $20.00 or
$21.00. We can give you suits at these prices, but prefer to
sell you one from $30.00 up, in which you will look and feel
the part, and they will not get shabby in two or three mouths'
time.   Satisfaction guaranteed.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
Tel. Sey. 702 309 to 315 HASTINOS ST. W.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Jericho Tea Gardens
Finest Bathing Beach around Vancouver—four
minutes' walk from end of 4th Ave. West car lines.
Good road right to beach.
Bath Houses and Boating
Special Accommodation for Picnic Parties
BILL AMOS, Proprietor
Member or Local 2647
A. B. U. B. Carpenters
What we are
Arbitrating
The cost of your street car service is
made up largely of wages.
When other industries have incurred
increased costs, they have to put their
prices up.
It would be inevitable that the price of
the street car ride would go up as the
cost goes up.
But we want to keep it down to the lowest possible figure, and that is why we
are arbitrating.
We are really arbitrating the cost of
street car service to you.
(Jf€&£ctfoic
MONEY IS SPENT
One of the Schemes Invented for the Purpose of
Eating It Up
[By J. H. MeVety]
Before the war the principal begging
institution in this country was the Salvation Army, which, undor various pretences, separated the federal and prov-
incial government!! and individual citizens from large amounts annually. This
institution appeara to have been superceded by other organizations more willing even than tho "Army" to use the j
"hist refuge" in order to separate pa*
triotic citizens from thoir monoy. But
giving credit whero it appears to bo
due, tho Salvation Army iB spoken well
of by returned mon in connection with
its efforts to make the lot of the soldior at tho front a lfttlo more cheerful
and a compurison of prices charged by
it and other organizations which are
collecting all tho money'and getting
all tho limelight in America places tho
"Army" in a more favorable light
than heretofore.
Today it is the Y.M.C.A. that holds
tho headlines— and tho major part of
the moneys. A continual drive is in
progress to secure funds to assist thc
boys at the front. Wonderful stories
are told—by tho collectors—of the
great hardships of the Y.M.C.A. employees in France whoro thoy are providing recreation and luxuries to the
soldiers behind the Hues. And the
stories go down woll until you run into
some of the returned men. By ilrst
testing tho stories for sectarian religious prejudices you find that there is
no fault found on that score. The
prices charged are said to be exorbitant and in excess of thoso charged by
dealers even in bombarded towns. And
the common soldier invariably alleges
that any benefits offered by the
Y.M.C.A. at the front are tendered to
the officers nnd the men, for whose
benefit the money was collected, are
left out in the* cold. Left out in the
cold literally, for instances are givon
whero the "huts" refused to open up
until the men secured the assistance
of the highor officers of the regiment,
this being possible in sonie Canadian
and Australian regiments, whero the
line of demarcation between officer and
ineiij; is not so sharply defined.
#   *   '#
Tho wonder is that the soldiers, and
particularly those in a position to give
publicity to their knowledge gained by
experience, have not given the citizens
the benefit of thc information given so
freely privately. And the iraproBsion
that there are no restrictions in con-
nectiou with qualifications for office in
tho organization should also bo removed. Only members of Protestant
churches nro eligible for office, to the
exclusion of all church members of
other denominations, und that vast
body of decent living citizens who have
no connection with any church. There
cannot be any fault found with any
appeal for assistance to people eligible
for office in the organization, but it
should bo mado clear that it is a sectarian organization. Only a few
months ago tho local officials induced
the eity fathers to submit a plebiscite,
having for its purpose tho granting of
a large sum of monoy for tho completion of its building on Georgia street.
But the citizens did not agree nud now
another drive is to bo attempted in
the city. The Y.M.C.A. is said to "Do
the young mon good," but tho pro*
posnls at present on the board aim at
loing both young, middle-aged and old
'good."
DISORDERS IN BOHEMIA
ALMOST UNCONTROLLABLE
Police   Barracks   Fired   and   Officers
Burned—Worst Biotlng fet History of Nation
Riots uud internal disorders of all
kinds are increasing in Bohemia. A
Vienna newspaper says that what is
happening today in Bohemia resembles
tho Lombard and Venetian uprisings
in 1840, except that today the empire
is hampered by her engagements in a
war from which she does not see a
way to escape.
it Chosene crowds, exasperated by
police brutality, set fire to tho barracks nnd the city hall, where the
mounted police were lodged. Eight of
the officers were burned to death. Public buildings have been burned at*
Tabor and other towns in Bohemia and
iu Olmutz, Moraviu.
MISS J. D. TEOTTEE
President of tho newly-organized Telephone
Operator* Union of thu International Broth ?rhood of Electrical Workers.    "
The Devil's Song, 1918 A.D.
(By N.i
i railI
>t mlno,
Oh!   Ml ton tn thi.- Minx <
So   l.lithi'MiiiH-   nml   so   |tny;
The cliorui Join my morry nondi
Fnr tho world Ih mine todny*
om Hiuiw-lands chill, tliro'  tropic thine,
Tn   MmiUiii:  snows  again;
inn ISnat l" West, round ov'ry rftCO
I'Vfl bound my golden chain.
To ov'ry hoarl In ov'ry land
I lonl my In-mid, grood,
l Undo him [ihin. nil snug ami deep
la ranlti'Kt growing weed;
Ami   I   unwound   my   (tailing   line,
y heart Dglow wllli joy:
And oh!   I  Imili'il  my  nolili-n  hunk
With n  littlo goltlsn toy.
And fast they came, those mm*, of men,
Tiio whito ones and tlio brown;
i net at  my  gloaming, golden bait
Thoy lrnni|)lod oncli OtllOr down.
Kaisers   and   Kings,  and   rulors  Hinail
And   prlOHts   nnd   |>r-lutes   old,
And beggar and  boor, matron nnd innid—
All fought for my  toys of gold.
BoillO  enmo   in   stealth  liko  red-eyed   bonslfl
That prow) nt (load of night;
nno enmo apnoo liko hungry wolves
All frothing for tho Unlit:
Hot  noiirly  nil  thoso  sons  of  in-ii
"live bartered thoir souls awny
Ami   through   tho  stellar  spacos   rings
My eclinlng mirth  todny.
Thoy mnrder'il nnd  Hod  n  long ItgQ through
And  I. lot  my war-wolves loose,
And   famine   anil   plague  nr'  slrninlng  hnrd
And  luy  band   Is  on   the  noORO!
.' hnrvu()  rich  is  ready  tO reap;
My   burns nre  brimming o'er
And shrivelled souls still pnnrlng in
At ov'ry ynwnlng door.
And we slug nnd dnnce and shout and  mar.
My gnllant fiends at play.
Fur I,  the prince they lovo so w?ll,
Am   King   of  tbe   Hurt Ji   today.
Aud lovo and truth and faith and hope
In   moit nro dead  nnd cold,
For tho sons of men—thoso fools of men—
Have  swallowed   my  halt  of  gold:
For the sons of mon—those fools of men
For   naught thslr   souls   linvo  sold,
For only a dashing will o' the wisp
"    tny shining bait of gold,
Half-a-million dollars, more or less,
would give a thousand war widows $500
each to help them in the struggle of
life; to assist them towards raising their
children half decently. And these widows are right up ngninst it in these
days of rising costs. They aro at their
wits' end scheming how they can keop
tlie wolf from their doors. With tho
sorrow of bereavement gnawing at their
hearts, they yet bravely face a future
of well-nigh insurmountable difficulty
nnd hardship. Life holds out little for
thom now, still they fight on courageously for the sakes of thoir little ones.
That half-million would lighten thoir
burdens .considerably; would bring a
little comfort and security whore there
is none today.-- But the Christian young
mon of Vancouver, backed by the
churches, say that they need that half-
million far more than the widows and
orphans of our city need it. Some Christianity!
•   •   *
Half-a-million dollars, more or less,
would give a thousand wur cripples a
fresh start in life. They were sont overseas to fight for democracy; they came
back maimed, to fight an almost hopeless battle for mere bread and butter.
Some of them, iu utter desperation,
have gone back, needlessly, to tho
trenches, declaring that they would
rather be killed there than die of starvation iu Vancouver. As witness, tnko
the Btory told by Mrs. W. H. Crosfleld
nt last week's meeting of the Greater
Vancouver branch of tho Navy League
of Canada. Well, half-a-million dollars,
more or less, would go a long way towards obviating snch a dumnablo state
of affairs in our midst. But the Christian young men of Vancouver, bucked
by the churches, say that they need that
half-million far more than-the wounded
veterans.   Again, some Christianity!
There was quite a kick-up lately in
the Beichstag when Dr. Colin, a socialist
member, declared that the war was a
family affair of the Hohenzollerns.
There would' be a still greater kick-up
if the people in the other warring countries thought similarly. Thero might
even be a speedy end to the whole
bloody business.
The Rev. J. W. Graham, D. D., educational secretary of the Methodist
church, declared ut Ottawa, tho other
day, that the menace of the I. W. W.
movement and Bolshevikism (the
plute's name for Labor Unionism),
oould only be combatted by "an ethical enlightenment that would inspire
tho" soul"—whatever ho means by that.
Reports don't make it clear whether it
is the profiteers, the politicians, tbo
plutocrats, the preachers or the proletariat that need this ethical enlightening. From the context, though, it would
seem that he aimed his littlo gun at us.
And, after all, that's natural enough.
We don't pay his salary. The profiteers,
the politicians and the plutocrats do
that.
As a special attraction, the directors
pbf tho Montreal fair advertised that
Lieut. G. O. Tlachaire would fly from
Buffalo with the felicitations of the
Fronch government, and that on his arrival he would be bombarded with flowers. Aud people say we are mixed up
in a Hfo-or-doath struggle! And it is
hinted that aeroplanes are badly needed
for work in Frnnce!
"No man has a right to go on strike
tit this time, no mntter how great the
provocation." So said tho Hon. Frank
B. Cnrvell to representatives of Btrikers
who met him on his arrival at New
Glasgow to prosont their caso. No, in
deed! The workingman must let tho'
pliibes do just exactly what thoy like
with him. Mo must smilo in sweet re
signntion when his puy is insufficient
for the barest necessnrios of life. He
must not murmur when promises arc
brokon. In short, ho must bo a nice,
obedient slave, And when he is conscripted, nnil lies motnlly wounded in
No Man's Laud, ho must feel grateful
that at any rate the gentle profiteer at
home is halo nnd hearty, and making
lots of liny while tho sun of war shines
brightly on hia industry*
Who snid the days of human sacrifices wore ended? Listen to this: "Our
membera are sacrificing their WIVES in
order that a free people mny live and
democratic principles may bo continued
id extended." Horrible, isn't it!
Doesn't it make your blood curdle and
your llesli creep! Can't you picture
tho gruesome scene: Hubby, with the
family carver nnd wood chopper, cutting up his missus and spreading her
bits upon the burning altar. Just like
the good old days Of the Druids—only
the Druids had a notion that maidens
were a moro efficacious offering. And
do you know who are reviving this barbaric custom? Do you know who made
this awful boast? Why, the American
Federation of Labor, sitting at St. raid
recently, under the benign presidency
f Stick-inthe-Mud Gompors—at least,
the province- nays so; in its issuo of last
Friday. But then, the Provinco is liable to sny anything—and perhaps it
isn't true, aftor all.
*   i   •
Talking about tho Provinco reminds
us that the vory next day the Sun ro-
cords, in all seriousness, that "it has
been discovered a mule docs not bray
without first elevating its tail." If
there were mules in tho Garden of Eden
Adam must surely have noticed that
characteristic of the beast.    Tet here
T
Pacific   District   Shipyard
Laborers Pass Many
Resolutions
Accepting the invitation of Vancouver, B, C, delegates, the Pacific District Shipyard Laborers, Riggers and
Fasteners convention, held in tho
Seattlo Labor Temple last woek, voted
to hold its next meeting in the Canadian city.
Consideration of a number of resolutions featured the session, among
thoso adopted boing tho following:
Condemning as illegal any attempt to
get men to vote as individuals in yards
where collective agreements made by
the United States Shipping Board are
in existence. Protesting against tho attitudo of the telegraph companies in
refusing to allow their employees to
organize and calling for government
control of tho lines; encouraging closer
attention to political niatters and reminding workers of their duty as
voters, especially the present initiative
campaign; assuring the "boys over
there" of tho workers loyalty and urging that theso assurances be brought to
the attention of the men under arms;
declaring an injustico hnd been done
in tho Mooney case and calling the attention of the American Foderation of
Lnbor convention to the matter; calling attention to the unequal and unworthy conditions under which women
workers are inducted into industrial
life; discouraging tho employment of
womon in work not conducive to
health, and pledging support of the
movoment for equal pay for equal
work.
District President Young was given
a vote of thanks for his efficient administration.
The New Officers.
Officers were elected and formally
installed Friday ovening. O. B. Young
of Olympia was re-elected president by
acclamation; J. Singer of Portland was
elected first vice-president; W. C.
Flowin of Victoria, B. C, second vice-
president; W. Hardy of Vancouver, B.
C, secretary-tronsuror.
Executivo board members were
chosen as follows: G. McMurphy of
New Westminster, B. G.j John McClean
of Vancouver, B. C; M. P. Holden of
St. Helens, Oro.; E. C. Nowton of Portland, H. B. Franko of Taeoma, G. F.
Wollman of Aberdeen. Delegates to
tho convention of tho International
Longshoremons Association, Pacific
Coast district, to be held in San Pedro
next May, woro C. B. Young, O. P.
Calltilian, W. C. Flowin, J. Singer, S.
Silverman, F. Peters, nnd alternates G.
Lish, Ue P. Holden, N. LeSerf, H. R.
Franko, E. C. Newton and H. McCaully.
The convontion is thought by delegates to have accomplished many progressive measupes which will have vital
effect upon the shipbuilding industry.
we havo the Sun, halfway through tho
year 1918, A. D., informing its readors
of the fact as though it were some wonderful new discovery of science. Perhaps, bearing in mind its claim that the
"Sun's news is reliablo," our worthy
contemporary waited until it was quite
satisfied aa to tho truth of tho 'statement before handing it on to its
readers.
• *   •
In a cable to the Province, Philip
Gibbs says that mud would aid tho Allies in Flanders. There's all kinds of
it at Ottawa. Why doosn't the govern
ment send it across? We don't wnnt it.
And, anyway, thore '11 bo lots more
manufactured during the next parliamentary session.
• s     tt
Just now, thero is much running in
nnd out of the capital. Maber has roturned from an extended trip through
tho eastern maritime provinces. Major
Ashton has been twice to Toronto, Roland has boen -for a week's visit to
Quebec and Montreal, and ho is at present travelling through the west. Major
Ashton is coming after him to lend him
a hand. They are ongoged in what is
known as tho preliminary work in connection with placing veterans on the
land. Let's ho|>e thoy won't work so
hard ou tho preliminary stage that
they'll havo no energy left for the final.
«   «   «
Away back in 1905, a certain American named Wilson Marshall, won a gold
jp offered by the German Emperor for
yacht race held at Kiel. It was a
pretty cup, and weighty. On its Bide it
boro a flattering likeness of thc face of
his imperial majesty. And it was valued at 46000. Well, the other day its
owner donated it to the Red Cross. It
was auctioned and re-auctioned until it
had r.dded somo $125,000 te the fund.
It was then decided to smash it, aB
thoy don't like tho German Emperor
any more in the States. A little entertainment, was staged for the occasion
at the Metropolitan opera houso. President Wilson enmo along, and all the
big-bugs who happened to bo hundy at
tho timo. Bang! wont the hammer, and
crack! went the cup, amidst much joyous hilarity. Aftor the ceremony, the
pieces were carefully collected and offered to a denlor in precious metals for
$5000, this sum also to go to the Red
Cross "Fivo thousand dollars," laughed the dealer. "I'll give yon $40—not
another cont." And then he pointed
out that the cup was of pewter, thinly
veneered with gold. That was one time
Gorman Willie put it over America, eh?
» ii *
Farmerettes and munition workors
are noble heroines, in male attire. My
lady riding to hounds in breeches is
chic. Miss Cote, of Rimouski, Que., who
went log-driving in man's clothes, for
tho Ohaleurfl Bay Pulp company, at
Restigoucho, is serving a two-year sentence at thc Portsmouth penitentiary for
doing so. And wo are asked to respect
the l»w!
...June 21, 1918
Present Day Beatitudes!
[J. S. Woodsworth
tire they that
move  in   ox-
for theirs is the socinl
Blessed
elusive oircl
world.
Blessed are they that hnvo a jolly
good time; for they shall be sought
after.
Blessed are the war-like, for they
shall inherit the earth.
Blessed are the "practical men":
having no "ideals" thev ahull be satisfied.
Blessed are they that look after
Number One: for it's every man for
himsolf,
Blessed are the "men of the world":
for they shall see only worldly things.
Blessed are they that can put out
of business all competitors: for they
shall bo culled money-kings.
Blessed are they that have succeeded even by doubtful methods: for
theirs is homage of the world. ■
Blessed are ye when men shall praise
you and' exalt you and say all manner of good things about you falsely,
as mere flattery.
Rejoice and be exceedingly glad:
for great is your reward on earth for
so rewarded they the parasitos which
were before you.
Ye are the cream of the earth: so
long as the cream is well cared for
what need to worry about the skimmed
milk.
Ye aro the privileged ones of the
earth destined not to minister but to
bo ministered to.
Even so cherish your special privileges lest they should by any means
contribute to the common good and
thus fulfil the purpose of the Father
which is in Heaven.
During four yeara thero have beon
over a million marriages in England
and Wales in excess of tho number of
houses built, said T. Myers at a conference on housing at Leicester.
Patronize B. C. Federationist advertisers, and tell them why you do so.
T. B. CUTHBERTSON ft OO.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
680 OnnrlU* Stmt
619 HMttngi Strait Wilt
CLELAND-DIBBLE ENGRAVING COMPANY
Limited
PHOTO ENGRAVERS — COMMERCIAL
ARTISTS
Phone Seymour 7169
Third Floor, World Building
VANCOUVER, B. O.
—The only Union Shop In Vancouver—
YOU'RE    THB    JUDGE!
ol the statement that our Offloe Supplier
and Stationers' Sundries stock Is the best
In B. C. Come in and look ns overl
617 VIEW ST.!
VIOTOBIA
THE TELEPHONE IS THE MOTORIST'S BEST ACCESSORY.
Tho Bnmmer time Is motoring timo.
Warm weather and fine roads ontlce the
owner of a ear to got away from the
cares and worries of business. "I want
to got away whero I can't he reached,"
he says, but ln his Innermost heart ho
knows that wherever ho goes tbo telephono Is not far away. In fact, he instinctively rolios on tho tolephono. The
knowledge that It is always conveniently handy lulls his soul so that ho completely enjoys his trip.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany, Ltd.
SOU-VAN
MILE
Should be in the home of
every man-
is it in tours?
—Pbone Fairmont 2624—
Conscientious
eye service—
_ My idea of service is to please
my patrons in every particular—to make staunch friends
of them so that they are not
only willing, but eager to recommend me as a man who
will do a littlo moro than actually "deliver the goods," and
my establishment as ono conducted on the principlo of the
golden rulo.
<J I roalize that a dissatisfied
patron Ib no longer a patron,
so I aim to give eye service
that satisfies—completely and
fully. To this end I have
spared no expense in money
and caro in fitting my establishment with the most modern
instruments and appliances for
the scientific examination of
the eyes and the grinding and
fitting of lenses. And I spare
no expenditure of time and
care in attending to my patrons—to plensing them. I
claim that nowhere on thiB
continont could bettor Optical
Sorvico be givon than I offer
you here. My charges are
moderate.
Seymour 1993
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
Granville Optical Oo,
619 OBANVILLE STREET
Below Drysdale's
J. Fulluunt O. TuiMtt
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—TWELVE NBW TABLES—
(Bnwjwiok-Btlke Collonder Co.)
—Headquartera for Union Men—
Union-made    Tobaccos,    Clgan   ud
Cigarettes
Only WtUta Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
ARGUE!
<3el
NJONES
tORKOobacco.
A Group of
New Waists
Wilh Some Style Changes
They are simple, dainty
and altogether pretty
little Wash Waists that
rely upon their delicate
colors and good material rather than on
fanciness for their attractiveness. The silks
are rich and heavy and
cut in the cutest ways.
Shades of white, flesh,
maize, rose, sky, grey,
Copenhagen, or crepe
de chine, at $6.95 and
$9.75.
And a very pretty
Round Neck Blouse in
Georgette crepe at $7.95
Saba Bros.
Limited
Vhe Silk Specialists
652 GRANVILLE STREET
UHI01T
TOOL
SHOP
a
The Dignity
of Labor
Those aro times iu whicli the
dignity—ayo, oven the tonjoBty
—of labor is making its mark
upon tho political history of
tho world.
Lot tho workmen engnged
in this gigantic task soe that
thoy uso the proper tools so
that tho completed structure
mny be fair to look upon and
of well balanced proportions.
In their overyday work the
right tool at tho right time is
also necessary and advisable.
That is whero our services
will be useful.
Consult Our Tool Expert
J. A. Rett, Ltd.
Tools (or AU Trades
339 HASTINOS STBEET WBST
S. T. Wallace's
Marketeria
"You Benefit"
118 HASTINGS W.
Sey. 784 and 1266
Free delivery to all parts
of the city.
Potatoes, extra choice, every
sack guaranteed:
Special, 100-tb. sack $1.75
Sugar, B. C. 18-lb. sack 1,80
•Flour, Robin Hood, old
grade, 24-lb. sacks .... 1.60
Shipping orders receive
prompt attention.
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co. Ltd.
41 Hutlngi Street Wtit
COWAN   &   BROOKHOUSE
FBDtTEBS AND PDB1ISHBBS
Printers to Tbe Federations
Tke   Fedentlonlst   ll   produced  from
ett. Modern  newipaper  printing  pllnt.
THE LONDON GRILL
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THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
TENTH YEAR.   No. 25
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 21,1918
CaSSST)     $1.60 PER YEAR
IF you are troubled with ill health and cannot find the
cause you ought to consult a dentist and see if there
is anything wrong with your teeth.
Missing Teeth Are Too Often
the Cause of 111 Health
DR. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with  teeth
that will in many instances do the work as well and
look better than your original teeth.
Dr. Lowe's prices, value considered,
are reasonable.
DR. LOWE, Dentist
108 Hastings St. W., Oor. Abbott,     Phone Sey. 5444
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
Cut Rate Drugs
BY BREAKING the Drag Combine we have
solved the problem in Vancouver of the high
cost of living so far as your Drug wants are concerned. Compare the prices and service at our
stores with what you have been getting.
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
LIMITED
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STOBE:
405 Hastings Street WeBt    Phones Sey. 1065 and 1966
BRANCH STORES:
7 Hastings Street West Seymour 3532
782 Oranvllle Street Seymour 7013
2714 Oranvllle Street Bey. 2314 and 1744-0
412 Main Street Seymour 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 and 1733-0
Mall Order Department tor out-of-town customers.   Same prices and
service as over our counter.  Address 407 Hastings Street West.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
This is a UNION Shoe Store
This store is a Uniou Store in every sense.
Union Store, Union Clerks. Union-made
Shoes.
When buying Footweai', look for the
store with thc Union Oard. It means
satisfaction to you.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 OBANVILLE STBEET
Union Store
SAM M. SCOTT
THE BOYS' CLOTHING SPECIALIST
I Granville Street Seymour 5715
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
«
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd,
FLORISTS AND NUBSEBTMEN
2—STORES—2
48 Hastings Street East, Sey. 988-672 — 728 OranviUe Street, Soy. 9613
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
WE HAVE placed in stock this week 200 suits
for young men, 2-piece, yoke lined, at $20.00,
$22.50 and $25.00. These are something out
of the ordinary and range from size 34 to 40.
We have the largest and best assorted line of
"SPORT" Shirts in the city, $1.25, $1.50 and $2 each.
We have complete stock of standard makes of
Summer Underwear, and are selling it at last year's
prices.
We can save you from $2.00 to $4.00 on Boys'
Suits, and our stock is large and complete.
T. B. HILL
117 Hastings St. East
Incidents   and   Indications
Along: the Pathway of
Blood and Agony
It d'oes not need very much intelligence to perceive that society is moving
with lightning-like rapidity towards a
smash-up. The peoples of the world,
with the exception of the United StateB,
aro becoming sick unto death of the
butchery taking place in Europe and
other portions of the earth, but their
respective governments see no other
course open but to continue the show.
George Bernard Shaw says: "Democ
racy substitutes election by the incom
petent many, for appointment by tho
corrupt few." The C4ermans aro fighting for tho liberty to maintain autocracy and the Allies are doing the snme
for democracy and between the pair of
them, tlio working class is crucified.
Tlio Austrian monarch is an individual who moves by fits nnd starts, and
is known already as "Karl the Sudden." He was sincerely anxious for
peace a short, time ago, considering that
it was immediately necessary in order
to savo the Dual Monarchy from disintegration. Tho Allies turned him
down cold, and the disclosures in connection with tho affair throw him completely into the power of the German
Junkers. Ho is now absolutely under
their control and must use his' armioB,
etc., bb they dictate.
Intrigue in Franco is the order of the
day. The party of the monarchy is
again raising its voice and together
with its clerical allies is trying to prepare thc way for the re-establishment of
tho empire.
The Royalist party is a joke, but thoy
are very active in assisting their republican enemies to crush the Socialists.
Working men and women are thrown
into jail if they dare to criticize the
governmont too plainly.
The government commissary denounces as a crimo "every action of which
the result is to lower the energy which
France requires to reach victory."
Tho jails of Europe now contain tho
brightest minds the world at present
possesses. In Germany Liebknecht, Rosa,
Luxemburg and thousands of others nre
rotting behind prison bars. In Franco
even tho gentle Helone Brion has been
sentenced and this should arouse the ire
of tho class to whieh she belongs. A
workman who had spent two and a half
years at the, front, and was the father
of four children, was recently condemned to threo years' imprisorfment because he had the courage to argue with
an officer who was on hnlf-pay. This
hero of the rear, "was loudly expounding his opinion as every officer has a
right to do when ho supports th-e government." The workman had been and
seen, and consequently knew that the
officer was making incorrect statements
and publicly said bo with the above result.
A professor of tho Lycce Montnigne
was responsible for tho arrest of M.
Charles Rappoporf, a well known So
cialist. A . discussion took plnce be*
twecn tho two in an underground cafe
durina an air raid. When the.argu
ment occame heated the philosophico
historico - scicntiflco - politico - literary
gent, pale with fury, went, to the police
and Rappoport after having been generously searched is now placed where
he can do thc causo of French democracy no harm. We may well echo
the words of Madamo Roland: "Oh,
liberty! What crimeB nre committed
in thy name!"
Thc bright star of Russia still shines
and in spite of all the powers of the
ruling class to crush tho influence and
power of the Bolsheviki it is still
spreading. Trotsky is still ns confident
as ever that the Bolsheviki will undermine the military power of thc
Gorman junkers and eventually conquer the world. It is impossible to
fight the idea that the Russinn working
class hns placed in thc mind of society,
by force of arms. Tho Co-operative
Commonwealth is now a necessity and
every movo made by the muster class
makes this more and more apparent to
the slavos.   The German working class
repeating with grenter and greater
eniphasis, "Tho only way is thc Russian way" and humnn nature cnn only
stand so much. We are getting nearer the cataclysm every moment. Those
who anticipate nnything but pandemonium in the immediate future nre
not cognizant of the facts.
In Finland the Red Guard has beon
slaughtered by the ruling class of Germany nnd Finland. The Russinn Bolsheviki sent their Finnish comrades
arms and ammunition. The reds fought
bravely, bat they were eventually overcome. Those taken prisoners suffered
the fate of the Communards of Fnris
iu 1871. A lnrge number of Russian
Reds went to the assistance of their
Finnish brethren and died by their side.
It is up to the proletariat to prove itself worthy of the sacrifice.
The Soviets havo accomplished wonders since they obtained control of
Russia. We hear much about starvation in that country. It is true that
a considerable number of people in the
Socialist republic are up against it, but
they are almost without exception of
the late bourgeoisie. Those who were
formerly "gentlemen" refuse to work
ns common laborers, nnd as they nre
,infit for any other employment they
starve. The working class of Russia
is happier than it ever dreamed of being. It is only those who work who
have anything in that country; nil
others, no matter what they possessed
before, are broke now and of course
they complain bitterly of the rule of
tho Soviets. The peasants are all
working on the land und the whole
couirtry is a hive of industry. They
nre producing food und clothing in
abundance and all those who work have
hnd forever removed from before them
the fenr of want.
In Siberia thousands of officers of
the army of the Into Cznr nre strutting
around 'with medals on their chest
cursing the Bolsheviki and demanding
that thc Allies or the Germans or anybody should come and save them from
their degrnding position. Semenoff
was only a Cossack lender and these
superior creatures would not serve under him when he opposed tho Bolsheviki armies. Trotsky and Lenine have
maintained against all odds their revolutionary attitude; they have staked
everything on the revolution. The lives
T. W. ANDEHSOM
Hucrctnry nnd  business agent Meat  Cutters
nnd Butcher Workmen, with headquarters
in Labor Temple.
of all their supporters are in jeopardy
if they fail, but they know thnt failure
is impossible. In Frnnce, in England,
Germany, Austria, Italy and every
country in the world their supporters
are increasing in numbers every hour.
It will soon be npparcnt to everyone
that the world is dividing into two
camps, one standing for the old order,
with its old worn-out system of slavery
and the right of onc clnss to plunder
another, and the other standing for an
advance into a world of liberty and
the abolition of this system of exploitation. It is cither the black flag of
capitalism or the red flag of Socialism
and peace is not possible until the
working class comes out us the only
class and takes possession of its own.
In the chaos and confusion that will
shortly engulf us all keep the goal
clearly in view. Wo arc in for a
rough voyage, the roughest ever known,
but those who survive tho storm will
be landed on a brighter shore than
they ever knew existed.
Throughout Canada
ll
S. notice of motion wns introduced at
thc lust meeting of the Vnncouver
Street Railwaymans Union to donate
ono hundred dollars to the Firemen's
benefit fund.
WINNIPEG.—The first minimum
wage for women in industry has been
set by thc Manitoba minimum wage
board nt $0.50 a week for experienced
women workers in the laundry trade.
Thc Patternmakers Union, Flint and
Glass Workers Union and the Molders
and Cordmakcrs Union of Toronto have
affiliated in a body to thc Toronto
brunch of the Federated Labor Party.
The Winnipeg Labor Party is making great headway. Propaganda meetings arc held every week. A brunch
of the Dominion Labor Party has been
organized ut Brandon und another is
being formed in Transcona.
After a two weeks' strike the Toronto sheet metal workers have won a
substantial victory over all the firms
in the eity and have succeeded in
firmly establishing a minimum wage
rate   of  (50   cents an   hour.
W. G. Baker is the nominee of the
Mooso ilaw Labor Party for the seat in
the Saskatchewan legislature vacated
by Hon. W. B. Willoughby, who was recently appointed to the senate. Thc
opposing candidate is a Liberal.
Thc recent eonvention of the Labor
Educational Associittion of Ontario,
held in Niagara Falls, was a memorable one and bids fair to mark a new
epoch in the organized labor movement
of Ontario. Practically every union
in the province sent delegates.
EDMONTON.—At a mass meeting of
civic employees it was unanimously
voted to form a federation of ull local
unions of civic employees with a view
of the complete unionization of all departments, and to ask for u chnrter
from the Dominion  Trades Congress.
OTTAWA—Members of tht1 local
branch of the Amalgamated Street
Railwaymen's union have presonted thu
new wage scale agreed on by membors
to thc executive of the company. Thi'
present agreement expires on July 1.
At present the men ure receiving on
a basis of a nine-hour dny 26 cents per
hour for tlie lirst yeur, 27 for the
second and 80 fur tlie third yenr. They
are unking -lii cents per hour for the
lirst year, -J7 for the second and 50 for
tlie third.
HULL—Increase.1-' nre granted employees of the Hull Electric company
ami the Hull Light it Power company,
by a majority ntt'tird of n bourd of conciliation. The scale agreed on by the
majority of the board is: First six
months, 2!i cents per hour; second six
months, IU cents; second yoar, H4
cents; third year, li'i cents. This is uu
increase of 11 eents per hour to second and third yeur men. The men iu
the bams nnd shops, including repair
men, tnnchinists, curpenters' helpers,
power plant employees, electricians,
trackmen, etc., receive an incrense of
10 cents an hour. Time and n hnlf Is
awarded for overtime. Winter overcoats and trousers nre to be provided
free. At present the men puy hnlf the
cost. Grievances are to be settled by a
committee of the men in conference
with tlie officials. The awnrd is to date
back to May 1.
WINNIPEG—An echo of the recent
Winnipeg strike wns heard nt tlie
Trndes and Lnbor Council when the
strike committee recommended thnt
steps be tnken to make permnnent the
Labor pnper. Del. Soltis snid that the
publication of the Labor News during
the strike boenmo imperii tive on account of fierce antagonism of the daily
press. A few issues of their own paper
hud completely changed the attitude
of the public mind from onc of hostility to one of support of the strikers.
Del. Higley wanted tlie paper in order
thnt thc public mind would be prepared
before a strike was actually on. The
council adopted the recommendation of
the strike committee and appinted a
committee of ten, with H. Veitch ns
chairman, with instructions to report.
to the next meeing r>f the council.
The Old  Russian Regime
and Reason It Went
Down in Ruin
While the scurrilous prostitute press
of thc ruling class iB busily engaged in
lying about the Russian workers and
peasants and painting them to the
world as bloody assassins, destroyors of
civilization and mockers of religion and
the other holy thingB of thiB delightful
and delectable age, as well as of the
precious and Bweot-smolling antiquity
that hns preceded it sinco tho time
whon "Adam delved and Eve span,"
au occasional glimpse of the real truth
filters through tho murky and evil-
smelling stench that is spowod forth
from these sowers of calculated filth.
In spite of the lying and nbuBe and
vilification heaped upon the BolBhoviki
by the valorous champions of ruling
class "law and ordor," a word is
dropped here and thero from the lips
of those who can spoak with truth,
that puts 'the case of tho Russian
revolutionists and their BubBequent activities in an altogether different light
tlmn that set forth by the aforesaid
liars and cheap and nasty mudslingers
of the affrighted czars and thieves of
othor lands outside of Russia. After
having our ears filled with tales of
horrors perpetrated upon hapless landlords and other good and pious souls
who have devoted their lives to the unfolding and furbishing of the soul of
tho Russian worker and peasant class,
it affords quito a refreshing relief to
our shattered nerves to read the following from Professor Lomonosoff,
head of tho Russian railway mission in
the United States.
'' Thero is still vividly in my
memory (though I am not a very old
man)," he said, "the imago of a maid
servant whoso mother hanged herself
a fow weeks after she had given birth
to a child because she was compelled to
suckle, instead of her own child, the
pigs of the landlord, the sow having
died.''
Oppression, starvation, and ignorance, according to Professor Lomonos-
soit, were thc lot of the masses under
tho old regime. "Most of all you
should bo afraid of pupular education," was long thc dictum of the ruling classes. Corporal punishment for
the mujik was abolished by Nicolai II
only in 1914 in celebration of the birth
of the heir to the throne.
Under tho old regime, he declnrcd,
class hatred grew more and1 more acute.
The war brought it to flood tide. Inflation of thc currency reacted against
tho mujik. "We placod on the altar
of tho war 100 per cent, of onr undeveloped metallic industry and 75 per
cent, of our textile industry," hie said.
"Tho result was that no manufactured
goods remained on thc market, except
to a small extent in thc cities. In
other words, the mujik could not buy
nnything. He refused to sell bread,
and chaos came.
Dead Horses as Food.
I have seen myself how a year ago
last March whole regiments marched
iu Odessa barefooted. I have seen myself sisters of mercy tenr their shirts
into bandages. I have seen myself how
hundreds of people perished because of
lack of medicaments. I hnve seen myself miles and miles of road lined with
corpses of starved horses. More than
that, together with ono of the armies,
I had to sustain myself with the meat
from such horses. In the meanwhile
iu Siberia and in southeastern Russia
wheat and oats were rotting beneath
shelters and often without any shelter.
"It was not better in the rear.
Hunder and cold were everywhere. The
result of this suffering, in which the
whole Russian peoplo were involved,
wns the fall of thc Russian monarchy.
The revolution was not made by the
Duma, nor by thc garrison of Petrograd.   It was hunger that made it."
In regard to the expropriation of the
land Professor Lnmrmossciff said: "The
transition of the land into the hnnd of
those who tilled it wns a pre-determin-
ed question even from the first dnys
of the revolution. This wns understood even by the conservatives. Such
a measure was demanded by the popular conscience, by the deeply rooted'
convictioji of the Russiun peasant of
his rights to the land. It wus thought
thnt the big estates would become the
property nf the whole people, or of the
popular co-operative organizations, but
the lirst Socinlist Government of the
world was not. uble to realize the -ifo-
cialist principle in the ngrurian question, and the hinds, according to report, ure not nationalized, bul divided
among the peasants."
# t » t
And after rending It one might be
excused for wondering how much longer
the present rotten conditions through
out thc rest of tne world will need to
continuo, uud to what extent will It
be necessnry that they be emphasized
and made still more intolerable, before
the workers will be induced or driven
to develop a corresponding degree of
common sense by following the trail
of revolution blazed by tho Russians?
Fortunntely, however, for those who nre
nt all eonccmed in the downfall of
slnvery and the uprise of humnn freedom, the same forces that brought the
Russinn regime to rottenneBS and col-
Inpse are busily engaged in preparing
the groundwork for a similar chango
in every nation on earth. The grim
spectre of hunger and actual starvation
looms threateningly in the foreground
in every lund now so nobly battling
for democracy, freedom, and a lot of
other similarly good things. And Lo-
monosofT says it wns "hunger that
made" the Russinn revolution. It will
no d'nibt force o good mnny more, before we see the end of the present de
lightftll world spectacle of ruling clnss
magnificence nnd power,
Money expended for goods bearing
the union Inbel is assisting to give employment to union men. Money expended for non-union made goods gives
employment to scabs nnd nssists in
hooping down the standard of living
of the working man,
Big Horn Brand of Overalls
Receives Victoria Trades
Council's Endorsation
Messrs. Turner Beeton & .Co., June 7th, 1918.
Victoria, B. C.
Gentlemen:—At the last regular meeting, which
was held on the 5th inst., the Victoria and District
Trades and Labor Council adopted the following
resolution and ordered a copy of the same forwarded to you:
'' Whereat thc firm of Turner Beeton & Co., manufacturer!
of 'Big Horn1 brand of overalle and shirts, havo signed an
agroomont with the union of thoir employeos, being a local
branch of thc United Garment Workors of America, and,
"Whereas the said firm of Turner Beeton   &  Co.  hss,
through tho negotiations, landing up to tho said agreement,
treated tho representative of tho United Qarment Workers *
ns well as the officials of this council with unfailing courtesy
and willingness to effect an agreement, and,
"Wherons tho said firm also agreed to a substantial increase in tho wages of tho employeos:   Be it
"Kosolvod, that thiB Council expresses its appreciation
of tho spirit in which thc firm has met the effort to unionize
their factory; nnd, be it furthor
"Eesolvod, that this Council declares the said 'Big Horn'
brand of goods to bc fair and recommends them   to  the
patronage of trades unionists nnd working people in general.
"With bCBt wishes, I am,
"Sincerely yours,
"(Signed) CHRISTIAN SIVEBTZ,
'' Secretary-Treasurer.''
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
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For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
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(Try our Pea Coal for your underfeed furnace)
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Phone
Seumour'
ZIO
Phone
Seumour
2lO
1001 MAIN STREET
Tntronize B. C. Federationist advertisers, and toll them why you do so.
MILLINERY
Oreat big reductions in all lines of Millinery,
June and July
Got
See for Yourself
532 Granville Street
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Union Men
Hello!     Hello!!     Hello!!!
Are the Trade Unionists of Vancouver buying
their goods in union stores?
The Clerks Union knows that the Shipyard
Workers are developing a wonderful loyalty to
Union principles and the Clerks Store Card.
Mr. Trades Unionist, get after the card slacker.
See that they salute the Clerks Union Store Card
with a purchase.
v—
■*'<.i
rWlA.b-,
**U***!"<4>.''v.A**..'.lu-.
DNIM
<pp9N)RE
V. *K:«^
§__W%
L—
■■".....,-,.--^.
The Union Store Card
clerks wait for you at
stores:
Claman's, Ltd.
153 Hastings St. West
T. Barlow
45 Cordova St. East
J. Rickson
820 Granville Street
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
339 Hastings St. West
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 Granville Street
develops democracy. The
the following organized
Messrs. Potts & Small
Granville and Pender
Dicks, Ltd.
53 Hastings West
Wm. Dick, Ltd.
33-47 Hastings West
J. N. Harvey, Ltd.
127 Hastings St. West
Thos. Foster, Ltd.
514 Granville Street PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY...
...Juno 21, 1018
IB. C. f
Published every Friday morning by the B.
Federatlonist. Limited
A. S. Wells...
..Manager
Ofllce; Lahor Templo, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: S«y   7497K
Subscription, f 1.50 por year;    in Vancouver
City, $2.00;  to unions subecrlbing
lu a body, $1.00
"Unity ot Labor;   tbe Hope of the World'
FRIDAY..
...June 21,  11)18
IF THEEE is anything tliut is firmly
fixed' in the mind of the average
person, it is that thc present method
of providing tho material things of life
for the satisfaction of human neods, is
far aud away ahead
A LESSON of thut wliich former*
YET TO BE ly prevailed.  In fact
LEARNED. it   is no   uncommon
thing U> hear oxpros*
aions of sympathy on bohalf of those
dear old SOUla of tin* lung ogo who wore
condemned to tho slow and primitive
processes of wealth produotlon of those
days when tho produotlon of food,
clothing, shelter and other needful
things is supposed to havo been nn ox-
treuu'ly tedious eai laborious task. In
our pride ovor the marvelous achievements oi th.* ages iu the matter of industrial development and the power lo
produce -.vealta. wo havo often beon led
to chortle gleefully over the alleged fact
that never was the world so rich and
never was ihe power of labor eo grout
and prolific tn etc bringing forth of
material wealth as at present. Even
the foremost thinkers and students of
our time are almost a.s one iu lauding
the present system ot production to tho
skies as a most wonderful achievement
along tho line or' economical wealth production. Tho popular fancy is quito
certain thnt the expenditure of a given
amount of human energy will now bring
forth u fnr greater return in material
things than was the case beforo the present powerful aad complicated mechanism und method of industry had boen
conjured forth. Socialists ovorywhore
have been making tho welkin ring with
demands for thc establishment of what
they havo boen pleased to term a "cooperative commonwealth, which, according to thoir understanding, would
consist of what we now hnve in tho
shape of industrial mechanism and method, only Ihe ownership would bo
transferred from the oapitalieta who
now control it, to tho community aa a
wholo. By thus cutting out the profit
that accrues to tho present owners and
presumably distributing tho products of
industry equitably among all of tho
people, the millenium would bc introduced to an appreciative public that has
long yearned for its coming.
# »        *
As is usually thc case in dealing with
tho probloms and perplexities that forco
thomsolves upon us, altogether too much
hns been taken for granted in connoc
tion with thiB mattor of wealth production and tho economy incidental to the
present processes aad methods, as compared to thoso which formerly existed,
A careful examination of the facts regarding the production of tho really es*
sontial things of life,s.icb as food, olothing, shelter, etc., aa da comparison made
betwoon «uch production now and that
which prevailod prior to tho birth of
machinery nnd ruling class control of
industry, will disclose somo ruthor
startling facts. Among othor things,
will be found that at no time in the
history of mnn has it boon possiblo for
hint to provide himself ond family with
tho requisites for sustenance, comfort
nnd well being, so oasily and with so
little «xpenditJro of energy, us in the
days whon tho production of the things
required was puroly a primitive process
carried on by himsolf and family, with
such tools and Implements us ho could
himself fashion or obtain within his immediate neighborhood. As .his production wns, of courso, limited to hie own
requirements; as ho was producing
things only for his own uso, no furthor
burden was placed upon his shoulders
than that of mooting his own needs. Not
boing roquirod to produco for tho keep
of others outside of himself nnd family,
his task was comparatively light, even
though the processes of his time were
simple and primitive. But during this
day and age, it is quite another story.
Arinod with the boosted tools and implements of this capitalistic ago, it becomes ti continuous round of toil for
thn producer to provide for himself und
his, although we arc told thai production hns beon multiplied munyfohl
through the invention and application
of machinery to do the bidding of men.
* *        *
I.nst year tho farmers of the United
States turned into tho market ovor 22
billion dollars worth of foodstuffs, wool,
cotton, flax, hides, etc Besides this,
they raised thoir own eatables and in
some eases made at least a part of their
own wearables. It is nol easy lo estimate just what percentage of the population parlicipated in sttcli produotlon.
(but it could scarcely exceed 60 per COnt,
even by taking into consideration tho
number engaged in manufacturing the
tools and implements required by the
farmers to bring about this 22 billion
result. But it is a "life bot that i( the
entire number actually involved in the
production of this ituponoous amount
• of farm products hud boon armed nnd
'equipped with the primitive and simple
tools nnd methods in vogue in tho dnys
•of oar grandfathers, tho crude plow,
the liomemado harrow, thc sickle or tho
cradle, tho flail, tho hand cord, tho spin*
ttitig wheel and thc hand loom, thoy
could hnvo brought forth os great a
quantity of product and did it far easier. And if their output had boon cut
down to tlieir own requirements, the
time necessarily expended would huve
been reduced fully ono-hulf. Within our
timo we have seen thc cereals requisite
to supply the requirements of an ordi* |
nary family for a whole year brought
forth by loss tbaa ton days labor for
ono man. And whnt is true in regnrd
to the production of wheat, corn, ryo,
etc., is nlso true of nil other essential
things. Sufficient can bc produood to
supply all healthy and legitimate requirements if production is corned on
for use. But it evidently cannot be
dono oxcopt tho producers become tho
users of thc things thoy produce. II
connot bo done if their products are to
l,e put to any other use than thoir own.
Thoy cannot produce for stile and profit,
or for tho sustouoncc of others, whether
such others ore porasitos outright or
oro merely engaged in parasitic (non-es*
sontial) production.
*        *        *
Tho prosont system of production has
done ono thing ond dono it woll. It lias
forcod upon the ehouldors of a pnrt or
the population, the production of the
'sseutinl things of life in sufficient
quantity to supply the requirements of
11, and turned the energy of thc bal-
nco to the production of ruling class
paraphernalia and instruments of empiro and aggrandizement. It has turned
probably fully ono-half of the labor
force to this non-eBSontial purpose, i. e.,
ooa-ossontial in so far as satisfying any
healthy human purpose is concerned.
And during these glorious days when
rusadcrs by thc million aro going forth
to rescue the democratic supulcher from
the autocratic heathen, far more than
one-half of that working force is turned
to tho supreme ruling class purposo of
rapine and slaughter, although that
could scurcely be classed as an oBsootial
and healthy human purpose. Along that
lino of effort the capitalist system is
not only immensely powerful, but economical as well. From the standpoint
of the producers of thc essential things
of life it is wasteful in tho oxtrome.
Under it the vast bulk of the labor ex-
pooded by its slovos is as completely
wasted us was that of the captive Jews
who wore drivon uoder tho lash of thoir
rulers in building pyrnmids nlong tho
Nile. It will require something beyond
the mero chango of ownorship from tho
apitalist class to the commonwealth to
rectify the evil and turn collective
waste into colloctive economy. Some
wise economic guys will have to revise
their economic code. Some dogmntists
will be compelled to revise their dogma
tism.   Some still have a lesson to learn.
I
WE AHE becoming su accustomed
lo boing tugged on Snturdny on
behalf of some no doubt worthy
haritablo purpose, thnt should this very
pretty und delightful christian custom
be omitted or skipped
WHY NOT for   a    week-end,   it
ADOPT THE would make thtt day
BRASS TAG1? usually enlivencS by
tho pleasing prnetieo
ii like unto a I'uritanicul Sabbath
ol' tlie olden time, when that particular
day was dedicated to "sackcloth nnd
ashes,'' lugubrious prayer nnd pious
lamentation while tlie other six days of
the week wore made joyous and pleasing by the burning of witches at tho
stake. We wore nt ono time perhnp:
unduly prejudiced ngainst this practice
of begging upon the streets or elsewhere
for the purpose of procuring financial
balm wherewith to salvo the sores and
heal the wound* of Iho victims of class
rule and rapacity. But the more we
soe of it, the more wc aro in lovo with it.
Each day new and hitherto hidden beauties and possibilities unfold themselves
unto our previously prejudiced nnd ob*
stinate way of seeing tilings, until wo
are nt last forced to admit that the tag
diiy scheme is as meaty with virtue and
commendability as wo one time thought
it to bo loaded with iniquity and impudence. So convinced aro we of its merit
that we bog to suggest that it lie mndo
a national institution, and every day in
tlie year bo especially dedicated to its
hiost noble and national purpose.
frighten capital away by the wicked
taxation of wealth that is advocated by
some very bum and incompetent economists hereabouts. No charge is made
for theso suggestions.
F there is any hole or corner of the
oarth that can boast of a more puny,
pitiful and moutally and morally
bankrupt bunch of cheap and nasty
politicians than that which at present
professes to preside
PSYCHOLOGY over the destinies of
AND SAGACITY this moribund prov-
OP OLAMS ince,    its    location
has not yet been
discovered to the enquiring mind of the
student of low forms of life. That political virtue, sagacity and competency
is at the ebb tide of mediocrity the
world ovor is a fact that can not well
escape thc notice of even tho most casual observer. It Beems that the political clum bed here in B. C. has been
permanently left high and dry and
there is no longer either salt or savor
in tho intellectual lives of the poor
creatures that therein do dwell. The
best they cun do is to gasp and squirt
grotesquely whenever a threatening
shadow falls athwart their clam-like
horizon. Liko all other clams, they are
the creatures of the mud and their horizon is essentiully narrow and limited,
duo, no doubt, to their habitat and environment. Happily, howover, for the
tranquility of the denizens of the political clam bed of B. C. there arc few
shadows of threatening mien casting
their gloomy portent along their horizon
during these moat glorious days. Comparative calm prevails over the tide
Hat while tho delightful game of establishing "peaco on earth and goodwill
among men" is being played upon the
higher ground according lo the rules
uud requirements laboriously aud painstakingly adduced by rulers aud their
Intesmen, apologists, agents, diplomats
md spiritual guardians ull down
through the ages.
Everybody knows whut the purpose
was that lay behind tho first attempt at
national registration that was sprung
upon tho Canadian people by tho brilliant ruling class agents at Ottawa. It
was the entering wedge in the scheme
to conscript every sluve in Canadu, not
only for the purposes of war, but for
those of ruling class industry ns well.
That it proved an almost total failure,
was by no means due to the lack of
good intentions upon the part of those
responsible for the launching of the pre
cious scheme. But even so, the purpose
was not dropped. Thorough believers
in the adage of "if nt first you don't
succeed, try, try again," the worthy
Ottnwa government agents did try
again, and succeeded in getting their
militury conscription fastened upon the
country, and1 are now taking the necessary stops to complete the job by fastening the shackles of industrial conscription upon all who therein do dwell.
The registration of man-power, and woman-power as well, fixed by order-in-
council for the 22nd of this month, is
tho final riv-ot iu the delectable scheme.
And there is not the slightest doubt
that this order-in-council will bc cheerfully obeyed by "our loving subjects"
throughout Canada, as all similar orders
have been obeyed throughout "our"
great Empire, wherein "Britons never,
never will be slaves.
*        *        *
Such being happily and unanimously
granted, The Federationist begs lo suggest thnt Ihe tag day idea bo nationalized  and   its  principle  applied   to   the
■omnion good, ns well as to the common*
table purpose of overthrowing base nu
tucracy and the enthronement of pure
democracy throughout the entire world.
As matters now stand, there is much to
be desired ia assorting, tabulating and
keeping track aud account of the slaves.
For Instance, birth certificates,  marriage  certificates,  and  other  paper  evidences of slave status and classification
aro very chim.iy nnd imperfect devices
for identification and tabulation.   Now
a tng is a simple thing, and if properly
attached  to the thing to be classified,
cannot be well beaten for the purposo
in view.    Lei the government adopt the
lag,  either  of  brass,   iron,   leather  or
other durable and psychologically suggestive material, and hnve it permanent
ly nl Inched to either the ear or snout of
the slave, and the matter of classl
tion and tabulation is at once greatly
simplified.    The tag should carry such
data ns would mako it clear at * glance
to -every  ofliciul   sleuth,   stool   pigeon,
spy, informer, sneak, tattler and other
equally    well-meaning   and    interested
person, of tho legnl stntus nnd privileges of the tagged article, and would
thus do away with much of the now
wasteful und unfruitful expenditure of
energy in the official grabbing of those
who should not bo grabbed and official
nose-poking into tho personal affairs of
those whose affairs should not be thus
nose-poked into.   At least it would dispense with all unnecessary repetition of
official grabbing and nose-poking.   All
degrees of human virtuo and conceit,
from robust patriotism and willingness
to do nnd die for King and country
down to rickotty sedition nnd the over-
mustering fear of getting hurt in the
glorious scrimmage, might be emblazoned to all who cared to see, by the use of
properly   significant   emblems   graven
upon tlie aforesaid brass or iron tags,
or leather ones as the ca*o might be.
As any one can readily see, there are
immense possibilities lying securely hid-
de'n behind the simple little tng.    And
thero   is  little   doubt   thnt   Canadian
statesmanship is amply capable of exploiting these possibilities.   The Fedorationist firmly believe" thut the adoption of tho tag idea nnd ita application
as suggested, will easily result in such
nn economy in the tabulating, classification, and accounting of humnn chattels nnd  making impossible  their -escape, that the "savings" thus accruing
would bo easily sufficient to pny all tho
cost of tho war, therefore making it un-
iw!co»sary   to   destroy   ambition   and
Unfortunately,
shadow,   in   fact
IB
BE
Fruit and Vegetables the
Next Items to Receive
Attention
Owing to the success of the Fish
Market Mr. Sherman has beon given
power by the city council to take larger
promises, and in the near future the
citizens of Vancouver are to be provided with cheaper fruit and vegetables, and eventually it is the intention
of Mayor Gale to tackle the meat situation, in fact it is understood that at
the present moment, the decrease in the
price of fish that has been the result of
tho FiBh Market being established, has
already had a lowering tendency on tho
price of meat. Mayor Gale and Mr.
Sherman have accomplished something
worth while.
howover, a little
no larger than the
hand of J. H, Hawthornthwnite, that
persistent disturber of political clams
and clam beds, caused pronounced perturbation nlong the tide flats lust woek.
A by-election is to bc held in Victoria
for the purpose of electing a member of
the focal legislature to fill lho scat
made vacant by lho death of Brewster,
tho late premier. It seems that a wave
of fright must have swept the clam bed
ut the bare thought of tho possibility
of tho irrepressible Hawthornthwnite
daring to run us u candidate at thu by-
election in ques'tiou, and the strong
possibility of his election if ho did
run. .Seething had to be done to exorcise the threatened evil, and true to
lam psychology and intellectual calibre, tho only thing to be done waB to
rummage the attic of "the last refuge
of scoundrels'' (see Dr. Johnson 'a
definition of patriotism) for the purposo
of finding Bome patriotic filth where-
'th to defile "Jim's" rniment as to
cause him to carry a stench overwhelmingly offensive to loyal nostrils and
thereby insure to him the fate that un*
questionably should be meted out to
sinners seditious and vile. Tho nearest
approach to success in their whole venture, however, consisted iu unearthing
the sturtling fact that "Jim" had, at
a time prior to the breaking out of the
war, had business dealings with tho
von Alvenslebens, very classy Germans
and of high standing with the very upper crust of loyal and patriotic British subjects and objects hereabouts
during thoso days, and that at the
breaking out of the war the same
"Jim" Hawthornthwaite hold an irrevocable power of attorney from one
of that now wicked family of Huns,
and did wilfully, maliciously aud with
seditious intent and purpose exercise
his nuthority under auch power of attorney to actually transfer, alienate
and otherwise sequestrate from the
aforesaid villainous and vicious von
Alvensleben certnin of his goods, chattels and hereditaments, and securely
place thc same in possession of certain
loyal, devoted and loving subjects of
his Brittannic Majesty who held just
and lawful claims against the wicked
von" who had by this time incontinently fled from the wrath that was
to come. And that was all that the
denizens of the tido flats of political
mediocrity could find in the junk room
of nnti-patriotism wherewith to exor-
ise the ghost that had riBen to pester
their semi-empty noodles. It is to
laugh, only out of a courtesy born of
pity for the simplicity of the Great
War Veterans who were used for tho
purpose of peddling the filth if auy
could be found, we considerately refrain from so doing. But to thuB refrain requires strong will power and
even at that no inconsiderable effort.
Furthermore, tho Foderationist would
be by no means surprised to learn that
the redoubtable "Jim" hud put the
entire job over on the clama, out of
puro curiosity to know just how simple and easy they are unyhow. We
all know now. These political clams
of the B. C. brund are iuded the limit,
when it comes down to simplicity of
soul and gullibility undiluted. And
also in their partiality for mud.
FUSION OF THREE BIO
UNIONS TALKED OF
Trend Toward Industrial Unionism Is
Taking Place Among Craft
Unions
Thc amalgamation of three of the
motal trades, the Brotherhod of Boiler
Makers 'and Iron Shipbuilders, thc
Bridge and Structural Iron Workors
and the Sheet -Metal Workers, is talked
of by tho presidents of the organizations, and illustrates the trend to
fusion along industrial lines umong the
craft unions of Ihis country.
The metal trades in the great rush
in the shipbuilding industry are both
ered by their petty differences, and the
restrictions of their unions in doing
vnrious branches of a similnr work. In
England the metal trades in shipbuilding are fused into ono big, powerful
industrial organization, perhaps the
most radical in tho world.
Witho.it being prepared to definitely
explain the why and wherefore of the
phenomenon we aro prompted to admit
thai there is something harmoniously
appropriate in dabbing (he British soldier Mr. Thomas Atkins, nud familiarly
calling him "Tommy." But the flattest ut tempt at cheap imitation ever
recorded is that of dubbing the American soldiers us "Sammies." lt Ib such
n clumsy attempt at counterfeiting
thnt it is positively silly. No wonder
there is considerable sickness among
the American forces. '' Doughboys''
or "Yunks" might be tolerated, but
"Mummies, never.    It is too silly.
According lo tho news dispatehes 500
saloonkeepers have been called before
the license commissioner at St. Louis,
Mo., for the purpose of beiug compelled tu make disclosure of the amount
they huve ench invested in "Liberty
Bonds." If 'the amount does not reach
a figure satisfactory to the commissioner their licenses aro to be cancelled unless they see fit to add to their purchases up to the figure required. Of
course there is nothing in this to suggest the practice of burglnrs, footpads,
highwaymen, sneuk thieves, and similar rogues, but still there is something
nbout it that is strangely suggestive of
blackmail, This is all the more strut-
ling and peculiar in view of the fnct
that Ihe bonds in question nre of tho
'' liberty'' variety, instend of being
ordinury common bonds of slavery, like
ull others.
WHITE SAILORS MAY 00
"BACK TO THE LAND"
Chinese   Brought   From   England   to
Man Ships Being Built on
Pacific Coast
England is getting rid of ita Chineao.
It's sad but truo, becnuBo we have it
from an official source. Of course the
mother country is not going to got rid
of all of them, but ahe is getting rid
of some of them. But she ia not deporting them, she ia just aonding them over
to Canada, so that they can be used
to man the ships that are now being
built in Canada's shipyards.
The German submarines havo played
havoc with the shipping and thousands
of Chinese are roaming around the
Liverpool and other docks. So are
white men, but it'a a cuse of Chinese
first. So aa fast as ships can bo built
a Chinese crew is placed aboard,
A short time ago tho Fedorationist
told of how the "Yukon," built in tho
Victoria yards, had a yollow crew pick
ed out for it while the whito sailors,
firemen and oilers, wero walking tho
streets looking for work.
This time tho scone is changed to
Vancouver. The "Alaaka," built at
the Coughlan yard, is to bo manned
by Chinese who, nccording to the shipping master, nre on their way from
Liverpool.
Tom Scott, business agont of the
Firemen und Oilers, was expecting a
call for a crow for this ship and had
a white crew all ready, but, greatly to
his surprise, he was informed that "No
white men need npply." Aa this thing
has been going on steadily for u number of yenrs, he snys he will not bo
surprised to hear, in the very near
future, that nil white aailors and firemen will be placed on farms by a
benovolent government and the yellow
race will take caro of thc shipping
on the high seas, over which the British raee has ruled so long and so well.
WHOLESALE SLAUGHTER
OF WORKERS IN FINLAND
Capitalist Class Troops, Aided hy Germans, Carry on Terrible Ex-,
terminating Campaign
A Russian wireless despatch says the
central committee of Finnish workmen
protests against the White terroism in
Finland and states that 70,000 citizens,
the majority of them Social Democrats,
including .'10,000 civilians, have been
imprisoned and brutally treated. The
ghastly wholesale slaughter of prisoners wns commenced by Finnish troops,
assisted by the Germans. In one day
158 women prisoners were killed. Mnny
sisters of mercy of the Red Guard were
killed without trial. Field courts-martial are still condemning persons to
death en masse, although thc civil war
is over. Tho Finnish proletariat calls
on the civilized world in the name of
humanity to stop this mad White ter*
rorism.
The call of tho Finnish proletariat
will fall upou ears that are us deaf to
all such appeals as were the ears of the
civilized world to the cry of agony that
went np from the proletariat of Paris,
whon the frightened bourgcoosie of
France was exacting vengeance without mercy upon the Communards of
1871. It will meet with the same response that was accorded the appeal
for mercy that went up from the
throats of the 40,000 followers of tho
great Spartacus who were crucified
along the Appinn way leading to Rome
2000 years ago. The slaughter of the
Finnish Red Guard, or any other body
of workera who hnve dared to challenge the right of rulers to rob and torture them will be looked upon with
smug complacency and keen satisfaction, and their cries for mercy will be
even sweeter music to the ears of the
rulers and masters of the civilized
world nnd all of their feudal and bourgeois entourage, thnn the thunderous
diapason of their murderous cannon in
the holoenuse of denth and devastation
with which they are now sweeping the
enrth. No appeal mnde to the civilized world mnde in the nnme of humanity will be of uny avail in the
stoppage of slaughter. If it is made in
the name of patriotism for the pnrposo
of carrying it on nnd increasing it, the
response will be instnntaneous and of
dynamically impelling virtue. Thero
is little doubt about that.
The copper output of the United
States for the last year was but the
equivalent of 24 pounds por head for
the entire population of the country,
or K15 pounds per family. It is difficulty to understand how it is possible
for a puoplo to squeeze through u 12-
Does the organization to which you
belong have a union label, shop card or
button? If so, you want others to demand it and patronize it. You should
reciprocate nnd purchnse no goods thnt
do not bear the union label.
mouth upon auch a miserably insufficient amount of this eminently essential staff of life. The more one thinks
the matter over the grenter becomes
the joke thut lies hidden beneath thc
boasted power of wealth production of
this glorious age ia which fully nine-
tenths of the energy expended by the
slaves goes for the production of things
wliich conserve no legitimate und
healthy humun purpose and which the
slaves neither could or would use even
if they hud a chance. But Ihe slaves
know even less about what is done to
them  than  their masters   know    and
neither of them seem to care a d	
anyhow. That is why everybody is
satisfied and happy.
It is indeed a sublime spectacle to
see ;i human animal holding down a
job as judge passing judgment as to
whut is or is not a "useful occupation" under the "anti-lonfing law."
One of them iu Montreal recently Bonked a musician for $10 and costs or 15
dnys in jail, because he was not engnged in "useful work." If the noise
that a musician cnn bring forth from
nny wind or stringed instrument, or
even a Dngo extort from a hand organ,
is not fully as useful and a groat deal
more pleasing than anything that wns
ever gotten out of or came forth spontaneously from any judge that ever
lived, then we confess to being ns absolutely incnpablo of estimating usefulness as is the learned Montrenl jadge
referred to. But come to thing of it
we tire getting in wrong. Usefulness
is determined these days purely from
the standpoint of wnr nnd its requirements. Ono judge with his musty old
notions, stale traditions and ruling
class bias is of far grenter usefulness
tn Mars and his glorious enterprise
thnu forty thousand drenmy musical
freaks playing upon fiddles or turning
the cranks of hnnd organs. At last
we see the point and recognize the true
usefulness of usefulness as defined by
law.
SHEET METAL WORKERS'
SEMI-ANNUAL CONVENTION
A. J. Crawford of Vancouver Is Elected President and Delegato to
Boston Convention
With delogutes present from ten
cities, sheet motal workers held their
semi-annual northwest district convention in Scuttle Sundny. A. J. Crawford
of Vancouver, B. C, was elected president, IL Schumun of Portland vice-
president, and George Jassen of Taeoma secretary-treasury.
Crawford wns delegated to attend
the next quadrennial convention of the
International Union of Sheet Metal
Workers in Boston next August. He
will ask tho international to request
tho navy dopartmont to include all
workera in government navy ynrds in
commissariat privileges. The move is
taken on complaint from workera in
navy yard towns that tho merchants
are profiteering on thc employees of tho
government shipyurds, and it ia thought
that tho governmont commisary, if extended to civilian workers as well as
enlisted men, will relieve them of the
profiteering.
A shortage of mechanics in the craft
wus reported from Spokane and Walla
Walla. Other cities throughout the district reported organization work progressing und the industry nourishing.
EFFORTS OF ORGANIZED
LABOR ARE APPRECIATED
One 'at Least Recognizes the Necessity
for Keeping the Home
Fires Burning
The following letter, which needs no
explanation, wus received by the aore-
tary of the Bakers' union this week:
Dear Sir: Wo received a copy of
shop rules from you the other day, and
although we ure not yet in the position
to employ hired labor in our bake-house,
in anticipation of samo ,aud in sympathy with your cause, we at onco posted
up your notice of rules.
My brother, John Duncan is, I believe, well known to many of your mom-
bers. Ho left the employ of the Wo-
mail's Bakery last year to "do his bit "
at the front, and I know how he would
feel on the present occasion in connection with your demand for more reasonable terms of remuneration. For his
sake aud all concerned, I desire to ask
you to uccept the enclosed "mite" as
a littlo sympathetic support towards the
union's funds. With best wishes to
your organization and its several members, believe me to be, yours very sincerely,
MARION T. DUNCAN.
Ladies Auxiliary—Machinists
Three applications were received at
tho regular meeting of the Ladies Auxiliary on Tuesday, tho 18th inst—eleven
members woro initiated.
The memberB ure very enthusiastic
over the picnic to be held on July fi, und
an invitation has boen extended to Machinists Lodge 151, New Westminster,
to tuke a part.
It is expected that a largo crowd will
attend, and preparations are being made
accordingly, and tho Machinists and
their friends are assured of a good time.
They are ulso pleased, after some d-o-
lay, to give a financial statement of tho
whist drive and danco on April 27,
which is ns follows: Receipts, $152.(10;
disbursements $85.06, leaving a balance
of 00.54. The ladies are intending in
thc neur future to double their membership, and1 all machinists arc urged to get
their relatives of the fair sex to come
along and swell the crowd.
Boilermakers
Twenty-five new membors wore initiated, and many applications received.
The resignation of Business Agent Cnr-
michael wus accepted, and sevoral members were nominuted for tho office. The
union is renting the headquarters just'
vacated by tho Bricklayers Union, and
will havo it fixod up so as to facilitate
and care for the increasing business of
the union. Several hundred dollars will
be spont on the new office.
"Daybreak" at Empress Next Week
"Dnybreak" Ik the Intent play to create, a
furore in eastern theiitrii-iils, and the fact
tlmt Tl stork companies pn-fu-ntod it last
week in different ■.'astern cities is evidence
thut It must be a wonderful piny. It received its first stock production In Brooklyn,
and after its first performance the author
was besieged with offers from Almost every
stock manager on the continent. The Kmpress management Immediately wired for it,
and were fortunate In securing It before the
other western companies, and it will receiva
n mammoth production next week. The large
number of our patrons who pride themselves
In seeing the first Canadian production of
now plays, can add next week's programme
to their souvenirs. This grent play Is scheduled to follow "Romance" In London at
thc termination of Its phenomonal mn. The
cast is a largo one, and will bring out the
full acting strength of the Empress Stock
Company, while Rny Collins will portray a
part thnt was pronounced hy Broadway critics as b»lng the acmo of leading roles.    ***
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't itow iway yoar ipire Mik tn
any old comer where lt u In dinger
from burglan or flre.
The Merchants Bank of Canada offers you perfect safety for yoar
money, and will give you fall banking
service, whether your aeeonnt is large
or small.
Interest allowed  on saving! deposits.
O. N. 8TA0ET, Manager
OranviUe anl Pender
W. O. JOY. Manager
Haatinga and Oarrall
INCOBPOBATED 1865
Bank of Toronto
Assets  $84,000,000
Deposits    63,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Account may be
opened at The Bank of Toronto
In the names of two or mere
porsons. In these accounts either
pnrty may sign cheques or deposit
money. Por tho different members of
a family or a firm a joint account is
often a greAt convenience. Intorest is
paid ou balances.
Vancouvor   Branch:
Corner Hastings and Cambie Streets
Branches at:
Victoria,   Merritt,   New  Westminster
Dentistry!
Crowns, Bridges and Filling!
made the same shade as you ova
natural teeth.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Open evenings  7:80  to  8:80.
Dental nurse tn attendance.
COB. OBANVILLE AND BOBBON
STREETS
Over Owl Drug Store
Phone Sey. 6238
The Bank of British North America
Established in 1836
Branches    throughout    Canada    and    at
Now   York,   San   Francisco  and  Dawson
Savings Department
TWENTY-FIVE 7EABS AGO
Trades and Labor Conncil.
[June 23, 1893]
The opinion of tho Trades and Labor
Council is that absolute froe trade
should exist between Canada and Australia.
Newly electod delegates as follows:
Secrotary, Geo. Gagen, Geo, Walker,
Geo. W. Thomas (Brothorhood Carpenters) ; president, C. B. Monck, D. McKinnon, A. Williams (Stonecutters);
D. Holmewood, W. Ellison (Mainland
Steamshipmen).
Council hold that A. M. Beattio,
lessoo of city market (now city hall),
should make public explanation re alleged violation of market bylaw.
Delegato Amos complained of lack of
proper attendance at night time in city
hospital. The attondnnce by dny, however, was excellent.
Typographical Union favorod holding
Labor Day. No date mentioned. Sto-
vedores Assembly, K. of L., favored
date in August.
This Means Tou
The Federntionist cannot be bought
with advertising from corporations,
merchants or individuals. The intorests of organized labor comes ilrst, last
nnd all tho time, so far ns tho publication of lubor news in this paper is concerned, hence every member of organised lnbor must do his or hor best to
patronize those Arms who ndvortiso in
this pnper without four or favor. We
need tho help of organized labor and
organized labor needs ours.   When the
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
publicity that thiB paper can givo «
stopped by lack of support, then the
capitalist press, and tho powors that be
will havo a froe hand to soy what they
plcnsu about organizod labor.
-At the J, N. Harvey Olothing Stores ■
.-.   A GOOD    .-.
UNION STORE
—FOR—
UNION MEN
TATHEN the Union invited us to "join up"—they
" said our store was the kind they wanted in the
Union—reliable, trustworthy and sympathetic with
the working man.
We applied at once for the Union Store Card, and
are doing our part to make these stores give the
kind of service that the Union Men may well be
proud of.
If you men do not know the "Red Arrow" stores
service, we are both losing money. Watch our windows.   Come in and get acquainted this week.
Two Big Union Stores for Men
in British Columbia
125-127
Hastings St. W.
Also 614-616 Yates St., Victoria, B.O.
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign FBIDAT Juno 21, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE fiTVE
TELEPHONE OPERATORS
ARE NOW ORGANIZED
Officers Elected anil Installed—Big
Asset to Growing Labor
Movement
Vancouver telephone operators ara
now a part of tlie great organized labor
movement. A local union of telephone
operators, chartered by the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, wae formed in the Labor Temple
laet Friday at a well attended and enthusiastic meeting of the girlB. Officer* were eleoted by the membership
and were installed by officers of Local
213, I. B. E. W. The following were
elected to the respective offices: Presl'
dent, Miss J. D. Trotter; vice-president,
Miss Lawler; recording secretary, Miss
MacLean; financial secretary, Miss
Carey; treasurer. Miss Smith; trustees,
Misses Burrow, Manning and Foxoroft;
delegates to the TradeB and Labor
Council, Misses Foxcroft and McCague.
Business meetings will be held every
Friday ovening in the Labor Tomple.
Judging from the enthusiasm shown by
tho girls at the various meetings, it can
be expected that they will not only
atiok to tho loeal, but will be a big
asset to the labor movement of Vancouver in oncouraging poorly paid girls
of other professions to line up in the
ever-growing organized labor movement.
Steam and Operating Engineers
At a well-attonded moeting on Monday, F. Hunt was elected to represent
tho local nt thc International convention, to bo hold nt Cleveland, Ohio. T.
A. Barnard wns eleoted as alternate.
W. A. Alexander, J. Macdonald and F.
Hunt it-ero elected dolegates to tho convention of tho NorthwoBt District Council, to be held in Seattle, Sunday, July
23. A. E. Miller, of Seattle, has been
elocted presidont and organizer for tho
Northwest Council, and is already in
tho fiold. Duos will bo raised 25c commencing July 1, to pay for services of
organizer. Realizing that tho present
form of craft unions iB not tending to
bring about tho desired solidarity of
labor, owing to tho individuality of
spirit it breeds among the membors of
various crafte, over what is termed jurisdictional rights, and being desirous of
storting something along tho lines of
industrial unionism, Local 620 has decided to accept transfer cards from members of othor trado union organizations,
in liou of their initiation foe, providing
such membors are constitutionally eligible. Eotornod soldiors, »hort of cash,
will bo nllowed to pay the initiation foe
of $5 from wnges received after commencing work.
The Retail Clerks havo sont a resolution to tho eity council asking that
all stores be closed at 6 p.m. on the
evenings beforo holidays nnd 9 p.m.
on Saturdays. The resolution has also
boon sent to tho Board of Trade and
that body has replied stating that they
are in favor of tho suggestion. A committoe of four has beon appointed by
tho clorks to wait on tho city counoll
to learn their views.
Do you realize thnt every time you
buy non-union mndo goods you becmo
therefore a labor oppressor. Buy only
on employer of ''scab" lnbor and
therefore a labor oppression. Buy only
union-labeled goods.
Empress
Theatre
Phone Seymour 2492
WEEK OF JUNE 21
A Beautiful Play of Langhter
and Tears
"DAYBREAK"
TO OUR PATRONS
"Daybreak" comes recommon-
ded to us as one of tho most beautiful stories that hns ever been
written into a play.
Prices:    15c, 30c, 40c.
PANTAGES
a\ mat ran
•■KU ABABIAN NIGHT"
THE MISSES PARKER
Other Big Pastur-m
^X
•.Kl-'BI.MIOlm,
UNIONJARKEf
THIS It TO UNIFY tm. -m.-m. womm
„,|.,i.i  ... im nM. « «• JMIpMM *WM t»,
V__",_XmT"™r^-~"~-
Meat Cutters'
and Butchers'
Union, No. 643
Where you see the above
card displayed it means:
Fairplay to Workers
Contented Merchants
Satisfied Customers
LOOK   FOR   THE   OARD
DON'T BE MISLED
Let your motto be:
NO OARD    1(0 BUSINESS
British Columbia Commission Has Not Yet Been
Appointed
Question One for Males as
Well as  for  the
Women
The commission provided for in the
minimum wage legislation for women,
passed at the last session of the provincial house, is not yot appointed, and
in the meantime women are being requested to, end are working for wages
that will not keep them as they should
be kept, and at wages that have a tendency to increase tho army of what is
termed eur friends the "Uplifters" as
tho fallen, though Heaven knows how
it iB there are not more of the fallen
when we consider the wages paid to
womon at this time.
Manitoba has already had tho minimum wage for womon laundry workers
fixed, the State of Oregon haB also fixed
a new minimum wage for women, and
which gives from 25 to 30 per cont. of
an increase.
Thc findings of the Manitoba commission aro as follows, and set tho
minimum wage for women engaged in
laundry work at $9.50 per week:
This represents tho unanimous finding of a conforenee composed of threo
representatives from the women laundry workera, three from tho employers, and tho five membors of the minimum wage board, Dr. J. W. Macmillan,
chairman; Mrs. Claude Nash and Edward Parnell, representing the employers, and Miss Lynne Flett and James
Winning, representing employees in tho
industry. The laundry industry is the
first in Manitoba to be dealt with and
u thorough investigation into all conditions surrounding it has been made.
Thc findings of the board provide for
shorter hours of labor in laundries, for
improvements in working conditions,
such ns better lighting, heating, ventilation, cleanliness and protection of
life; and for a graded scale of wages
governing minora and inexperienced
workers.
Probation Period.
A probation period of six months, in
which tho minimum shall be fixed at $9
per wook, was given the laundries as
a special concession because of tho peculiar hardship which the board found
the industry contending with, said Dr.
Macmillun, in giving out the above
facts. It is Buffering from a huge increase in tho cost of doing business
und is in direct competition with the
Chinese laundries, which are held down
to no standard^ of hours, wagos or conditions of labor. It is not intended
that, this shall form a precedent in any
way for tho other lines of industry
which will be dealt with one by one,
but is a concession mado to allow the
laundries to adjust themselves to what
is going to be a much higher wage
schedule than they have been paying,
said thu chairman.
Based on Oost of Living.
The minimum wago of $9.50 for an
adult experienced workor ovor 18 years
of age was based on a coat of living
schedule drawn up by the board and
approved by tho entire conference as
"fnir." It plncos tho weekly cost to
a girl living decently at $9.48, with
a yearly cost of $493.25. The following is the schedule:
Board aud lodging at, $5.50 per
weok  $286.00
Footwear and repairs     30.00
Stockings       4.00
Underwear aud nightgowns     10.00
Petticoats       4.25
Suit, at $25 (coat and skirt to
last two years)      12.50
Coat aud possibly summer suit
at $25 (to laat two years)     12.50
DresBC and uprous     15.00
Shirt waists       0.00
Handkerchiefs       1.25
Corsets      4.00
Gloves       2.25
Neckwear        1.00
Hats    10.00
Umbrella       1.00
Sweater at $7.50 (to Inst three
years)       2.50
Laundry     15.00
Doctor and  dentist      15.00
Street car fares     20.00
Mngii/.ines and postage       5.00
Association dues and insurance..     8.00
Recreation and amusements    18.50
Church and contributions      5,00
Incidentals     12.50
Total expenditure for year....$493.25
Total weekly expenditure       9.48
A public hearing will bo given by
the board this week, when all persons
interested from any standpoint whatsoever, desiring it, will be given a
hearing. If nothing which is brought
out at the public hearing induces the
board to change its present findings,
thoy will be published in the Manitoba
Gazette nnd will become law one month
from the date thereof.
Notice of Leave.
In regard to wages, the findings provide that weekly payments shall be
mado, and that either side shall give
tho other a woek's notice of leaving.
Eighteen yenrs was fixed as tho point
at which to distinguish an adult from
n' minor. The minimum for the adult
experienced worker will be $9.50 per
week, and for "learners" the minimum
for the firat three months to bo $8, and
for the second three months to be $9,
after which they are to be paid the
full minimum of $9.50 por wook. Not
moro than 25 per cent, of tho employees of any laundry shall be learners.
In regard to minors, that ia, girls
from 15 to 18 years, tho minimum wage
for tho first six months shall be $7,
and for tho second six months shall be
$7.50. For tho third six months ahall
bo $8, after which the full adult minimum wage shall bo paid. The minors
in any laundry shall not exceed more
than 25 per cent, of the adult workers.
Shorter Hours.
The laundry hours in forco undor tho
Munitoba Factories Act are reduced
from 54 to 52 a woek, providing that
the workors Bhall bo released not later
than 3 o'clock on Saturday, except dur-
ing June, July and August, when they
ahall be released at 2.30.   When Thurs
day or Friday happen to be statutory
holidays employeea may work the whole
of Saturday.
The regulations dealing with conditions provide that:
Scrupulous cleanliness shall be observed, aa to floors and windows and all
fixtures in every department of a laundry.
That drinking water in sufficient
quantity, safe and fresh, shall be provided with  sanitary   drinking   appli-
ices.
Sufficient illumination by day and
after the daylight fades an arrangement of artificial lighting in such a
way as to prevent unnecessary strain
or glare.
Pure Air Guaranteed.
A system of fans or similar appliances shall be required to forcibly remove steam or overheated air, and 800
eubio feot of air space shall be required for eaoh worker in any room in
a laundry.
Any employee working on wet floor
Bhall have wooden grating supplied to
stand on.
Future laundries erected shall be required to have ceilings 12 feet high,
and overy room therein must have outside daylight. This regulation ia not
retroactive and is aimed at preventing
the establishment of underground laundries, one such having been found in
the city.
Separate toilets must bo provided
from those used by the opposite sex,
and not less than ono to ovory 25 employees or fraction thereof. They must
bo properly ventilated and open to the
outside air. Wash basins must be provided in the samo proportion, and individual towols shall bo furnished to
workers.
Thero shall bo a thermometer in each
room, the maximum temperature not to
oxceed 80 degrees, except when the
heat outside exceeds that.
Amongst other things that aro covered by tho commission's report are
safety provisions.
The minimum fixed for laundry workers in Manitoba may cover tne cost
of living in Manitoba, but would bo
inadequate in this province, and it will
bo noticed that even in the prairie
province, the commission provides for
tho womon folks to wear a ten-dollar
hat and carry a one dollar umbrella,
and while wo are no expertB in women's wear, we think that the lowest
possible provision has boen mado to
clothe tho female workers in laundries.
In the State of Oregon the rates fixed
for workers in mercantile establishments is $11.10 por week, tho scale
for manufacturing industries is set at
$11.60 per woek, with apprentices at
$7.20, $8.40 and $9.60; office occupations at $48 per month, and public
housekeeping at $11.61 per week. This
also includes waitresses.
It seems that until the women workors of this province waken up that
Httlo will be done for them. The
legislation, it is true, is on the statute
booka, but that does not get tho women
folks anywhere With the increasing
number of men boing1 taken from industry for military purposes, the increase in women workers iB bound to
follow, and on the activity of the
womon, bncked up by tho memberB of
organized labor in the province, who
aro mostly males, will depend the
futuro of the women as far as conditions of labor and wages are concerned.
That sex should not entor into the
question when labor power is being
sold ahould be apparent to all those who
oarn their bread by the sweat of their
brow, and if for no other reason than
that of self-protection, the mon must
givo aid to the women folks.
The "Right to Steal" Is Ably
Discussed by Mr. J. S.
Woodsworth
Under tho auspices of the Foderated
I-abor Party, there was a considerable
audience at the Bex theatre on Sunday
evening to hoar J, S. Woodsworth on
the quostion, "Is It Wrong to Steal?"
As un introductory premise, he claimed
that, with a new social movement
springing into view, they must be prepared to question the oldest-established
maxima and aBk, with regard to all tho
old conditions, if they had a right to
exist in thc new order. What was right
in one uge might be wrong in anothor,
owing to tho conditiona being changed.
The readiest answer likely to be
givon to the question, "la It Eight to
Steal f" waa in some auch words as
"Yea, if you can got away with it."
Ho was not sure, however, that that
was the highest ground to occupy; in
fact, he was sure it waa not. Deep
down in thomsolveB, they knew that tho
theory thoy reprobated iu the case of
the Germans—that "might is right"-—
was unsound; yot ho did not know that
thoir own procedure had always boen
much higher. Neither did he know but
that the primitive ethics of the Indians
—to take when in need—-were prettv
nearly right; moro right at least than
the condition in which some hud abundance and others went hungry.
Thoy had learnt it was a sin "to
steal n pin," but what about stealing a
railway? (Laughter.) The man who
did the latter was sent to represent
them in parliament, and probably recommended for a title from the king.
In the old individualistic Bystem, oach
person did his own producing, and a
man might then steal from nnother;
today, with social production, it was
a different matter. "Today tho man
steals who takes from society without
giving an equivalent to society," he
declared. It was not a matter between
individuals any more.
The speakor iiiBtanced increased real
estate values as one form of stealing
from society. Another was watering
Btock, which was tho "same process exactly" as watering milk. Tho people
paid thc bill ovory timo. The uso of
the tariff to boost home products operated similarly; so did' the action of an
electric light company which took a ten
cont rate for what could bo supplied under public control at three cents. "The
man who does that will ono day bo regarded aa a thief," ho asserted.
All tho woalth of tho world was provided by tho action of labor on nntural
resources; no man had a right to tako
moro than his aharo of natural resources, or to take of labor without giv-
ing a fair return in labor. "I want to
say that it is wrong to steal; but tho
men who sit in respcctablo places are
the thieves of today."
Thoy wero going to organize socioty
more on tho principle of a bifj family.
He did not require the expropriation of
illliVil li
AI
THE FRONT
Another View of the Big
Drive for Money
Now On
Not AU Is Gold That Gutters and the Base Metal
Is There
A "broken tool" fell in my way
this week—on Georgia street, in the
West End. It was a returned crippled
soldier, and I call him a "broken tool"
bccauBO I read that name for him in
the Western WitnesB. The light being
poor when I read it, I took off my
glasses to make sure I'd got the expression right, the letter "t" being
so much like another letter that might
perhaps do almost as well, when you
come to think of it.
Tho conversation started with
reference to u largo unfinished
building, a block or so distant, put up
for the Y.M.C.A.; and the poor fellow
was full of bitterness toward that
much-vaunted, solf-udvertising organization. On tho French front, he told
me, "the Salvation Army or any other
church will give a follow n cup of
coffee and a packet of biscuits for
nothing, whon they aro going in or
coming out of the trenches," but not
so tho Y.M.C.A.! "If you ain't got
money, you can't go near tho Y.M.
C.A.," he said. "I was thero 23
months and got all 1 wanted from the
othor churches, but not the Y.M.C.A."
Ho stated that the "Y" charged double
for everything; and wouldn't even give
change. "You've got to have amall
chango before you go near the Y.M.
C.A., or otherwise spend your five-
franc bill" (equivalent to a dollar).
In fact, to this "broken tool," tho
Y.M.C.A. was "thc biggest fraud on
earth."
*   *   »
On looking through the "literature"
everything; merely "let tho peoplo got
hold of the means of production." He
did not desiro luxuries, which were
"not particularly good for any of us."
He valued wealth because it gavo the
right to loisure. "The man who has
the wealth today* has the power of life
and death under modern conditions; and
no man should havo a power like that."
At tho samo time, he added, "you
could have Btate ownership, and still
have a fow people controlling things for
their own ends." They must have democratic control.    (Applause).
A very able musical programme was
rendered by Julian Haywood, the organist of the theatre, on the four-manual organ, whioh is also fitted with
chimes, which gavo a picturesque effect.
His, programme included a "Fantasia
on Bigoletto," (Verdi); the favorite
'' Berceuso,'' from Godard 's *' Joce-
lyn," a Fantaaie March," by Schar-
wenka; "American Airs," by Sivrai,
and a transcription on the "Gavotti "
from "Mignon" (Thomas).
Next Sunday, Dr. W. J. Curry speaxo
on "Christianity and the Class Struggle."
which the Y.M.C.A. haB provided for
the purposes of its present "drive"
for dollars, I note that they aro after
ame $425,000 fer local purposes, with
$25,000 tacked on at the end for "military work in Canada and overseas."
This additional $25,000 is a trifle over
five per cent, of the whole amount to
be raised; so that the soldiers' friends
can contribute to the soldiers' (alleged)
welfare to the extent of five cents for
every dollar they give to the "Y,"
What a splendid opportunity to help
the boysl And the pamphlet states,
in big print, "There iti no camouflage
about this proposition. It is elean-cnt,
comprehensive and, complete. Tlie men
behind it are business men and mean
business." YeB, sure. "Mean business" is right!
Another interesting point I notice, in
connection with the former campaign,
for a half-million, in 1910. There were
2,224 "pledges," of whieh about three-
fourths have been, or are being paid.
The number of actual defaulter! is set
down at exactly 505, considerably less
than one-fourth of the whole. And
yet the amount represented in dollars
by these broken 605 pledged is considerably more than the whole amount derived from the 17,000 or so who made
good. Apparently the biggest promisors are the worst payers; it is the
smaller contributors, on the whole, who
keep their word!
The Vancouver City
Retail Fish Market
Our Success
has made it imperative that improvements take place. These will be made
as soon as possible. Meantime our
customers will assist us by carrying out the suggestions offered. The
market is run in the interests of the
people of Vancouver, and your assistance is asked while we are under
the disadvantage of the temporary
premises. We are serving more
people every day and will do all we
can to get the new premises ready at
the earliest possible moment.
Bring Your Pennies
You will greatly assist us by bringing your pennies and small change,
as dealing in odd amounts and the
great number of sales, it is almost
impossible for us to keep enough
change on hand to last through the
day.
Brig a shopping bag or basket to
carry your wet fish.
Out of Town Customers
We can not handle mail orders from
outside points at present.
Have Your Order Ready
and should we be out of the variety
you wish to purchase, have a substitute in mind. It saves time.
Take AU Yon Buy
One lady arrived home with only
part of her purchases. Take all you
buy.
SCALE OF PRICES:
Cod, per lb 5c
Sole, per lb. 5c
Herring, per lb 2c
Rock Cod, per lb 5c
Flounders, per lb _... 5c
Skate, per lb 5c
Crabs (large), each 10c
Black Cod, per lb 7c
Salmon, frozen, per lb 5c      Chum Salmon, all seasons, lb 5c
All or any other salmon, in season, per lb  8c
These prices are for Whole Fish.
Cat, 2'/jc per lb. extra.
The Vancouver City Retail Fish Market
FOOT OF GORE AVENUE
Open from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m., except Wednesday, when we close at 1 o'clock.
JOHNSTON'S MEN'S SHOES ARE WORLD BEATERS
Nowhere, Mr. Man, will you flnd tbe tame style, the same wearing qualities and as much
good shoemaking for the money as in the hoots Johnston has on display for summer wear.
Our long experience in catering to the men of Vancouver is valuable to us in purchasing the
best products of the best factories in Canada and the States.
lake, for instance, this Mahogany Calf Lace Boot, with red Acme soles—a popular style that
most stores charge you $8.00 for Is here in all sizes at only 	
Then there's this big range of black calf ln various shapes and styles. Every pair
Goodyear welted shapes; for the young fellow, full of pep and ginger; more conservative styles for tho older man. They all look Uke a dJC (JJC CA __ J <£/_
$7.50 and S8 proposition, but Johnston sells them at   -pJ, ifJ.JU 0,110 «pU
Choose as you like throughout this big stock—choose and feel perfectly safe, because Johnston stands behind every shoo he sells and allows no dissatisfaction. If
it's not righti we make it right. Living up to our motto of "Better Shoes for Less
Money" has brought us a host of patrons and friends.
LET YOUR NEXT PAIR OF SHOES BE FROM JOHNSTON'S
McPherson's Union Made $8.50 and $9.00 Shoes
for Men Selling at $6.00
Hero's proof positive tlmt we cun nave ymt your shop dollars.
Look tii oso ovor. Best No. 1 nilf, in fashionable styles, woltod
soles, oak tnn stock. Yo,i know what McPherson'a shoes nre Wo
bought thousands of pairs in order to sell thorn undor nil other
stores. Big buyrhg ineiui.H easy soiling. Pick oui youi
Union mado. Other stores chargo $8.50 und $0.00.
Johnston's priee 	
('III!
$6.00
Summer Footwear for the Family
The working mun who
wants to make his pay go
furthor chooses Johnston's us
the family shoe store. Here
he gota alioos fer the kiddles
uud ihe womon folks thnt nre
prieed $1,00 to $2.00 lower
I h u ti olsowhoro.
Ah an example:
Women's   Patent   Mary   .lane
Slippers, $4,00 vnlue.. 82.95
Missus'    Pat onl    Mary    Jane
Slippers, $3,50 value....32.50
Girls1 Patenl Marv Jan o Slip-
pera, W.00 value for. $2.25
Women's $6.00 White OftHVUS
Laco Bouts, oovorod  hools,
only  $3.75
Kiddies' $1.50 Lnoe und Button Boots, only  95c
Boys' and Girls' Boots
Here's whero this big store excels—we can give you ii boot for
your boy or girl that  will stand 'lie hnrd knocks,   bur prices aro
from $1,00 to $2.00 a pnir lower than elsewhere.    Boys' solid boots
with heavy rolnforood solos, calf uppers, guaranteed—
Sizes  11 to 13  $3.00     Sizes    1 to    o  $3.50
Girls' Neat   Calf Button  Boots,
Sizos   8 to  IOVj $2.75
mndo to wear,
Sizes   11   to    I
icdium   soles—
 $3.25
Special in Women's    High Cut White Boots
These popular 10-inch White
Uioo Hunts, low, flat hools nnd
rttbbor soles—like cut—nil sizes.
Saturday
""ly	
$2.25
Mr. Workingman:
Are you wise to tho fact that the
one best bet in tho city is John*
ston's B. 0. Weather Brand of
solid boots for heavy wear. No
matter whut your job is we have
the boot to suit. Every pair
guaranteed and at priccB whicli
will save you money. Ask to sec
our special working Q__t (\(\
boot, selling at yO.UU
thcBiq 61
cclr'ic Boot
BIG
SHDt
> 09 hu-.: -< «. .*, S' w    Lot t. .in -A _■r
Vancouv'er b. CXX- New Westminster.B.C. PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA "FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY.  June 81, 1918
There's something
nifty about these—
You will like these new
TWIN BUTE work
pants as soon as you
run your eye over them
JAS.THOMSON&SONS Limited
VANCOUVER B.C.
1WIN     Bim
'"""'*    MADE
THEY are cut to hold their shape, and they
stand the hardest work. Made of army khaki
denim, or of twill cottonade, they take the place
of the more expensive twill pants.
Iji OUR pockets and a watch pocket, rivetted buttons, double-stitched seams, reinforced corners,
these pants have belt tunnels and loops. You
don't need to be bothered wearing suspenders.
Made in a Union Shop—Look for the TWIN
BUTE Label
JAS. THOMSON _ SONS, LTD.
VANCOUVEB
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
PANAMAS
FELTS
STRAWS
CAPS
Our stock is complete and up-to-date
Black and White
Hat Store
CORNER HASTINOS AND ABBOTT STS.
&&-$•
<£^V?;*W£>
Nabob
fCOFFEE i
Food License
Mo. 6*664
IF you want good coffee,
the very best—ask for
NABOB.
Nabob Coffee is the perfect
coffee in the perfection container.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
SAVE
The Wheat
Flour
USE
Wholesome
Substitutes
« STANDARD
WHEAT FLOUR Will be s-jai'tSC until the next crop of wheat
ripens and is duly harvested in thc great Canadian prairies. A judicious use of good cereal substitutes now will effect
a much-needed saving of wheat flour, and will not make your
bread loaves any less palatable or nutritious.
Royal Standard Rye Flour
Royal Standard Oatmeal
Royal Standard Yellow Commeal
—nre thoroughly dependable proifuets, ond nro now boing utilized by
scores of housewives in their linking.
You will do your bit In tbe cnuso of pntriotic snving, nnd prncticc real
homccconomy by testing aome onc of theso sterling substitutes on your
next brendmnking dny.
FOR SALE BY ALL OROOERS
Prom tho sumo mill thnt grinds tho famous "Roynl Standard Flour."
Look for the trademark, tho "Circle V," on evory sack.
<~T&r
fEDERAHOMST
Editor B. C. FederationiBt:—In the",
columns devoted to "Letters to The
Federationist" are rnany interesting
and instructive letters on various
topics, and the undersigned begs the
privilege of this short letter being
placed t where all may read.
It is for the purpose of publicly
thanking our old comrade, Joseph Naylor, ex-president of the B. C. Federation of Labor, and miner of Cumberland, for the part he played in a little
dispute we havo had in Union Bay—
a question of rates paid for overtime.
The management -of the Canadian Collieries, Ltd., maintaining that straight
time for overtime was the correct rate
to pay, and the employees in the shops
at Union Bay asking for time tftid one
half up to 10 p.m. and double time
after, and also for Sundays and holidays—rates which prevailed previous
to December, 1914. Smoothing things
over were tried by Messrs. Bulgar and
McNiven, fair wage oilicer and deputy
minister of labor, but a meeting of the
men resolved to submit their troubles
to the impartial verdict of nn arbitration board—Alas!
Sir. Stockett, lato of thc Western
Fuel company, represented the Canadian Collieries, nnd Joseph Nnylor curried our colors. Thc Dominion government selected His Honor Judge Eberts
ns third member of the board. The
result—majority nnd minority roport,
as may be expected from thc above
combination. A recommendation to
mnke no alteration at present in the
rates paid for overtime, a flat turndown! We onco more recoived a sample of the government's impartiality
ns was handed out n few years ago
uround this district. "We lost out, but
it was not the fault of our champion.
His knowledge of labor conditions,
earnestness of purpose, and genial personality wins nnd keeps for Joseph
Nnylor a host of friends. He fought
the' good fight, nnd for this n henrty
vot« of thanks wns accorded him nt
our last meeting, und a resolution carried unnnimously that he be publicly
thanked through the pages of the Federationist for his earnest services on
our bchnlf.
Disgusted with thc finding of the
board, the committee was instructed by
the meeting to inform the management
that working overtime would cease entirely in thc Union Bay shops.
At this conference the whole situation was discussed, and a compromise
arrived ut, which the employees accepted temporarily, also an assurance that
overtime wo\ild be kopt down to the
lowest minimum in thc future.
A. C. DUNN
E. H. WILKINSON     Committee.
J. W. HILL
Union Bay, B. C, June 16, 1918.
An Open Letter to the Trades and
Labor Council
Editor B. C. Federationist: Public
opinion seems to be in favor of every
class of the community having its own
organization, if they so desire, but that
certnin unions such ub firemen, police,
civil servants, etc., should bc denied
thc privilege of labor's greatest weapon, viz., the strike.
Now, from the public viewpoint, this
may be oil right, but what of the unionB
concerned?    Theso   ore   paying   good
money into the labor organizations treasury, in the form of per capita tax, ond
somo special help should be given thom.
Perhaps the federal governmont could
bo influenced to provido boards of conciliation, who should have tho right to
hoar and decide grievances liko they
have in other countries.   Or, perhaps,
there ore other remedies.   The point is,
what is the Trades and Labor Council
prepared to do?   It is up to them. Ha*
Mr. Midgley a suggestion?
Yours truly,
JAMES R. BROWN.
South Vancouver, B. C,
June 20, 1918.
"Carry On"
Edilor B. C. Federationist: The significance of war parallels the significance of wage slave exploitation. War,
like wage slavery, will become impossible when the workers of the world look
bolow the surfnee of things and ask
themselves tho question: "Is wage slavery and warfare in the social interests
of a modern era of civilization?" This
may sound simple, and yet ngnin silly,
but when we considor that theso factorB
constitute tho only basis on which the
international labor groups can form n
foundation, or a point of commencement, wo may at least admit of a debatable point.
All prominent statesmen and journalists hold conflicting opinions concerning
how and when, international relationship will resume on tho prc-wnr status.
But we find! that no political group in
any pnrticulnr country cnn Bcriously
consider pence without fncing internal
revolution, hence, their position centres
from an indefinite period of war continuance.
We find thnt the press give great
prominence to stutninonts mnde by
Havelock Wilson of tho Senmniis Union,
especially to tho idea of a period of
trado boycott against tho enemy. This
attitude of the press appears tn have no
idea of thc findings of tho Paris conference nnd tho protests of President Wilson against a trnde boycott. And yet
son against a trade boycott Ib governed
by economic laws that compel a capital-
ist to purchase commodities in tho
cheapest market, so wo may assume
that the idea of tho boycott is political
"camouflaging," and places a trnmp
card in the hands of the junker four-
flashers of Berlin, and Berlin is not the
only city that harbors four-flushers.
Then ngoin, wc must consider that
whilst Hnvelock Wilson speaks for 35,-
000 workers, we find that with the cooperative alliance, wo have another
group of 5Vj million workerB in Great
Britain to heur from, and strange to ro-
late, about IVj million voted confidence
in Arthur Henderson, so, of votos cast
we find IVj million to 35,000 (approximately) nnd, since wo, Labor men always being guided by a mnjority decision nnd so, distinct and apart from
other political groups, wc smirk at the
babbling of our degenerate press, nnd
whilst not arguing the merits or demerits of the Bolsheviki, I salute them for
their attitude toward the preHs when
they gained control, and so doing gave
thc press manipulators a dose of their
own medicine. As I declnro without
fear of honest contradiction, that thn
Labor preBs of thc world, by and large,
stand nlono in the venture of tolling the
truth, and since thc truth is obnoxious
to the powers that be, suppression, bub-
pension and censorship prevail. Show
mo one country whero the truth alone
is printed, and I will show you Bnssia.
Ask mc who is thc manipulator df our
individual publications, and I will point
at the owning editor the king of last
resource, his staff do precisely as they
are told, as the advertisers and political
figure-heads compel the owning editor
to do precisely as he is told. Show me
an editor that dare print the truth, and
I will show you a bankrupt. This explains the stimulated circulation of Labor publications.
Truth must prevail, and the next election in Great Britain, in Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, together with future political progression
in France, Italy, Russia, Sweden, Holland, Denmark, Spain, Norway, will find
that the majority groupB of workers
will prove the axiom, "Tou can't fool
'cm all the time." To which I add,
"and you can't fool the workers touch
longerl"   Carry on.
Fraternally yours,
PTE. S. H. COOKE, R. C. B.
Vnncouver, B. C.
Editor B. C. Federationist: In answer
to Mr. Walter Foster's letter in the
World of last night, I wish to draw the
attention of your readers to his statement that "Defendants, when arroBtod
by police, wero dismissed through lack
of evidence, or in the case of conviction, were set free by a Bmall fine or
suspended sentence."
The above will show the calibre of
Mr. Foster, also, thnt ho does not know
what he is writing about. For his information, allow iuo to stato that the polico do not impose fines or imprisonment. This work is left for a higher
authority, whose businoss it iB to oarry
out the work without impartiality,
which the police are now aiming at.
WELL-WISHER.
The World Over Notes
Boston—At thc convention of the In*
ternational Garment Workors Union,
the general executivo board wns
instructed to include the 44-hour week
in future agreements.
Seattle—Tlio Ccncrnl Labor council
adopted resolutions requesting President AVilson to exert his influence in securing the release of supplies now held
n tins country for shipment to Russin
where the people nre said to be stnrv
Snn Antonio, Texns—Sentences of
life imprisonment were imposed by a
court-inurtinl upon 45 conscientious objectors, who hnd refused to wear army
uniforms. The sentence was reduced to
25 yenrs ench by Brig. Genernl J. P.
O Weill, who reviewed the records. They
will be H*nt immediately to prison.
Amsterdam—The dock workers ut
Sevastopol, in the Crimea, refused to
work. Consequently, says advices from
Kiev, the docks are closed nnd the workors uro leaving the city.
Everett, Wash.—A dozen women arc
working for Rucker Brothers' Lumber
company in the Lnke Stevens mill
These overallod feminine wage-earners
are doing the lighter work ubout thc
big mill, such ns handling levers, labor
formerly performed by youths.
Washington—The federal child labor
Inw of 1 SHU forbidding interstate ship
ments of products of child labor, has
been declared unconstitutional and in
valid by a vote of five to four by the
supreme court. The law was declared
unconstitutional by the federal district
court in North Carolina nnd restraining
orders to prevent its enforcement issued
by the court. The governmont appealed
the decision to the supremo court.
Berne—Austria is nbout to undergo
un experience similar to thnt of Russin,
when the Cznr was dethroned, accord
ing lo statements of travellers re
turning from Vienna. They declared it
s significant that innumerable attempts
have been mnde against militury works
and establishments. In the Adriatic region, Slavs have destroyed mines in the
ports and canals of Dalmatia nnd on tlie
Croatian coast. In Bosnia, Hungarian
patrols have been massacred nnd railways seriously damaged.
Spokane, Wash.—Tho retail drug
clerks huve formed n union with a charter from thc Retail Clerks International Protective Association. The new
union includes about 100 membors.
Fresno, Cnl.—The retail grocery
lorks is a new union just formed and
includes nearly all the clerkB employed
in that branch in this city.
New York—Within thc next few
weeks the ilrst consignment of Porto
Rican laborers will be brought to tliis
eountry to engage in construction work
on government contracts. Tins action
has been taken by tho department of
Lnbor, through the United SttltCB employment service, to augment the un
skilled labor supply of the country. The
employment service has already mnde
arrangements for the employment ot
10,000 laborors on wnr work at Norfolk
and Newport News,
San Franolsco—Aftor carrying on no*
got! a tions for six weeks and not boing
able to roach an amicable understanding
700 members of the Wnrehousemcns
and Cerenl^Vorkera Union No. 15877,
went on sffikc to enforce their demnnds. Their notion closed up till the
wurehiiuses in the city. A demand was
mndo for un incrense of the scale from
$;i to, *4 per day and n reduction of
hours from nine to eight. Through thc
intercession of Federal Food Administrator Ralph P. Merritt an adjustment
was reached whereby the men were con-
ceded $4.50 per dny for a nine-hour day.
Akron, 0.—The newly organizod
union of teamsters has already mado
substantial progress, having increased
wnges from $20 to $25 per week nnd
secured the adjustment of other grievances they had previously beon Subjected to.
Washington. — Standardization of
wnges of common and unskilled lnbor,
to hnlt the enormous labor turnover
thnt is slowing up wnr work through
out the country, was under consideration by the department of lnbor, Such
a movement is essential to equal distri*
butlon of the present labor supply, offl
eials of the department say, becauso of
varying wage rates nnd inequality of
housing conditions. -Undor the stan*
dnrdization wnge plan, a carpenter, for
instance, would got the same wage in
California ns in New Jersey. This
would automatically take away tho
temptation to largo groups of men to
concentrate in one district nt the expense of others.
Oakland, Cnl.—That women shall uot
bo employed on night runs and for no
more than eight hours on street cars
as conductors and mot or women, iB the
decision   of  thc  Wisconsin  Industrinl
TOM MOONEY'S FATE
IN THE BALANCE
Resentenced to Hang Within  Ninety
Days—President Wilson Favors
a Pardon     *
SAN FRANCISCO.—ThomaB J.
Mooney, convicted of murder in connection with the preparedness day
bomb explosion here in 1016 was resentenced today to be hanged on an
indeterminate date, not less than sixty
days, nor more than ninety days from
thiB date, at San Quentin prison.
The order specified that Mooney bo
removed to Son Quentin prison within, ten days and there hanged at a
time to be determined by the warden,
but not less than 60 nor more than 90
days from thiB date.
Mooney's fate now rests with Gov.
Stephens, who has a pardon petition before him, and a request from President
Woodrow Wilson for executive clemency, based on findings of a federal
commission thnt questioned testimony
contributed to Mooney's conviction.
WHAT JONES HAD DONE.
Presiding Genius—What is tho
chnrge against Private Jones?
Sergeant—If yer plaze, 'e's been
drunk, an' 'e's been brcakin' things,
an' 'o won't obey no orders. In fact,
'e's been behavin' gin'rally as though
'e wuz the bloomin' colonel himself.
Commission. Tho decision is rendered
in answer to the complaint of the state
federation of lubor agninst employing
women on street enrs becnuse of tho
effect of such work on tho health of
women, and, consequently, on thc
health of the future race.
Fresno, Cal.—Electrical Workers
Union No. 100 has been granted an increase of $1.20 per day. The now
agreement goes into effect immediately.
The old wage was $G per day and the
new one calls for $7.20. The increase
was secured without any trouble, thc
employers conceding that tho udvnnc
ing prices of tho necessaries of life
justified tho demands asked for.
According to Austrian newspapers
the salaries of women workors aro now
practically equal to those of men nnd
they hnve the snmo opportunities for
advancement.
Australians arc experimenting .with
a mammoth oil-driven harvester which
strips grain fields at a rate of about
00 acres a day.
Portland shipyard workers nre diking
a referendum vote regarding the mat-
tor of working Saturday afternoon.
They receive overtime for Snturdny
afternoons now but it seems that a
number of the mon want the afternoon
off irrespective of the Metal Trades
Council executive committeo.
August 23 is the date set for the
execution of Tom Mooney. President
Wilson hns appealed to Governor
Stephens for clemency. District Attorney Fickert advises tho governor
to have Mooney hung.
The British und Irish Labor Parties
huve cabled to Governor Stephens and
the A. F. of L. conventions requesting
now trinls for Tom Mooney and othors
convicted in the bomb cases.
Ttirec radical St. Louis Socinlist publications, thc Melting Pot and the So
cial Revolution, which have been weeklies, and Paladin, which hns been a
monthly, have been ordered discontinued for tho duration of the wnr.
Four associate editors of The Masses,
of New York, are held for trial under
thie provisions of the Espionage Act
and the publication of the pnper hns
been stopped.
New York.—The Western Union Toll
graph Company has declined to submit
to the jurisdiction of the National Wnr
Labor Bonrd which sought to adjust
the differences between the compnny
nnd those of its employees who nre
members of the Commercial Telegraph
ers Union of America.
A great scries of demonstrations nre
being planned for the month of June,
to demand "peace by negotiation"
throughout Great Britain. In Leeds,
recently, at a meeting nddrcsscd by
Miss Theodora Wilson, four thousand
five hundred women unanimously passed a resolution demanding "peace by
negotiation."
Kenosha, Wis.—The Wisconsin Gas
und Electric Compnny hns been shocked
by a walkout of women employed as
conductors on its street cars. This city
wns among the first to employ women
conductors and now these women havo
joined with 100 male employees who
havo struck to enforce n wnge demand
of. 35 cents nn hour,
Boston,—Lieut. Henri De Mun of tho
Belgium army and a membor of the Belgium trnde union movement, told delegates to the Boston central lnbor union
thnt ono of the greatest strikes in the
history of the world is now being
fought out in his country where more
than 1,000,000 members of lubor unions
refuse to work for the Germnns.
Brooklyn, N. Y.—In thc investigation of women conductors employed by
the Brooklyn Rapid Trnnsit Compnny, a
14-yeur-old girl told thc grand jury she
hud been employed as a conductor and
she could not reach thc bell rope, even
when standing on tip-toe.
Chicago.—Officers of thc. Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen report that from 7,500 names on-
rolled on their books on July 31, last
year, thc union's membership has
bounded to (10,000 on April 30 lust.
Eiglitv-six charters were issued from
July 31, 1917, to April 30, 1918.
Blonraingtou, 111.—Girls employed by
the Woolworth and Krcsge 5 and 10-
cent stores in this city have proven
that collective action can improve conditions, evon in theso low wage establishments. Tho managers of tho stores
appeared beforc a meeting of the girls
and assured them that their union was
not objectionable to them. This remarkable concussion aided in re-establishing cordial relations.
Harrisburg, Pa. — Pennsylvania's
chief of mines has notified the state's
mine inspectors that employment of
women and girls about mines in thc an
thracito region must be stopped.
It is said thnt New York hns moro
Germnns than Hamburg, more Italians
thnn Rome, and more Irish thnn Dublin,
and more Jews than Palestine.
San Francisco,—"The Chinu Mail
Steamship Company has followed the
example of Capt. Robert Dollar and
brought to San Francisco about 150
Chinamen for service on the American
atenmship Nankin, formerly the Congress," says Editor Scharrcnborg of
the Seamon's Journal. "At tho vory
momont when tho United States shipping board is doing its utmost to find
suitable berths for tho graduates of
tho govornmont school ships," continues Schorrcnberg, "Mr. Dollar and
his mercenary followers are filling the
forecastles of American ships with imported Chinamen."   Alio sumoe C.P.R.
Panamas and Straw Hats
for the Men
MEN'S BOATERS—This popular style is here in new and
staple shapes; black bands, leather sweats and fancy tips;
genuine English sennet straws at reasonable prices.
$1.50, $1.75 and $2.00
FANCY BLEACHED PANAMAS—Young men and the man
that likes a smart shape will appreciate these. They are
shown in six new blocks, made of snow-white fibre, carefully
plaited. This is an extra good hat at a moderate price $3.90
GARDEN HATS, 35t£—A wid« brim straw hat for the farm or
garden.   Price 35-*j
SOFT STRAWS—For everyday wear this is the best hat for
comfort. Made of soft, tough, braided straw in several
shapes; brims to turn up or down.  Price, 75^., $1, $1.25
WHITE FELT HATS-This is an old favorite with men, women and girls; made of soft white and wool felt, with cord
around outside.   Still selling at the old price of, cach....75<*
PICNIC HATS, 65^—These come in plain white, plain Oxford
grey and fancy stripe patterns; comfortable and serviceable.
Price '.. 65*^
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
Among the many good things re-
luted by Miss Dillingham ,the gifted
entertainer, thero is perhaps none more
humorous and at the samo time pathetic
than a littlo story the plot of which is
laid around ono of those "try-your-
strength" machines. Ab related by
Mies Dillingham: "Tou put a penny
in a slot, and then pull a handle, and
if you pull hard onough you get your
penny back. Alongsido one of theso
machines recently three Scotchmen
were found dead."
WIRING  CONTRACTORS
Expert Repairs
Motors, Lights, Bells, Telephones
The Jarvis Electric Co., Ltd.
570 Bichards Street
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Labor Tunplt
VAMCOUVEB. B. O.
—Hutdqoarten for Labor Hen—
Kates—76o and $1.00 per day.
•2.60 per week and op.
Oafa al fiaaaonabio Batai    f
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all trnina,
boatB, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
ind
Piano Moving
Phone na diy or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Mr. tot*-*
Union Station
BEST
COAL
Mined on Pacific Ooaat
WOOD
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Tali. 1800       1629 Main Stroet
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBEET
One Block went of Court House
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrons.
Telephone Seymonr 84SB
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine Dreamy Lather
and Doea Not Dry on the Face
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured ln Britlah Oolnmola
ALLIED PBINTINO TRADE8 OOUNGIt-
Meete aeoond Monday in te, montk. Preal*
at feggg "■*'■* »•■■ n«»-
JOURNEYMEN      BARBERS'      INTERNA-
tlonal Union ol America, Loeil N„. fijl
Meat; second iI10*  tmn_ t_mtm _.__
l°iteff,?0.6' L",or rri''*»*■"•»•'
WK»HHSH?PD. °* OAKPENTERSTIOOAL
Mm,?i.,, .   •, "~ eeeeni ind lonrth
Monday evening, 8 p.m., Labor Temnle
President, K. W. Hstley, phone p,|*. _S_:
financial secretar,, o/i/om; ricordta! .ei
SSifi ii R-   °™p*>elli    buaness   agent,
___] s^AV00"1208*L,b" **■*•
JJL1'! •**lP Baildere and Helpers ol
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 19*--lleBt.
™ X 1Zt6 A"""'111 st*i socUarytreas*
Sunt. jrHIte* i"f _>*> 81* ""■-■"■-•■
Trnple.       * 0,ra"-*1"--*-. Ifo-ai 212, Labor
H°L™iVN m SE8TADRANT EMPLOYEES
lhr2nJSrH*'i,.!T"' im Wedneaday in
•no month at 2.30 p.m. nnd ovory third
Wednesday in the month at 9.80 p.m" Preal*
agent, W. Mackenzie, Hoom 209 Labor Tom*
pie. Phone Sey. 1681. Offlee hours: 11 to
12 iiHim;  2   to 5 p.m.
INTERNATIONAL UNIONOP STEAM AND
Operating Enginoers, Local No. 620—
Sleets every Monday, 7.30 p.m., Labor
temple President, J. II. FW810 Moodle
stroot, Jew Westminster* vice-president, D.
HoilgeH; seeretary-trensurer and business
agent \v A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor
temple.    1'hone Sey. 7495.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. lit
—Meets ln Room 205, Labor Temnle.
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 fowell street; recording
seoretary, Jokn Mnrdoek, Labor Templet
flnanclal aeeretary and business agent, S. H.
Morrlaen, Boom 207 Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S AS*
aooiatlon, Loeal 8852—Offlce and kill, 801
Pender atreet west. Meets eviry Friday,
e P.m. Secretarytreaanrer, F. Chapman:
business agent, L.Marsh. "■•pman,
'' /v iA" VSCAL 38*62* AUXILIARY—
(.Marine Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headquarters, 152 Cordova East.
Meets hrst nnd third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Secretary ami business agent, E. Winch:
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOB COUNCIL—MEETS
Brat and third Thursdaya. Eiocutive
t*_r'P?}imt' °* J* Ko"?1 '-■"••Preaidral,
,; Vi* ..fl?1!'1 ""rotary and business agent,
v. K. Midgley; treasurer. F. Knowles; aer*
geant-atarma, J. F. Poole; trustees: i. H.
MoVety, W. B. Trotter, A. J. Crawford. F.
A. Hoover. '
AMALOAMATED MEAT CUTTEB8 AND
Butcher Workmen'a Unloi, No. MB—Meeta
,i m "*■"• Tacadayi ol eaek montk.
Labor Temple, 8 p.m. Preaident, B. W.
Lane; reeordlng aeeretary, E. Lolling; nnanclal secretary and business agent. T. W. An.
derBonLS87 Homer strset.
PATTEBN MAKERS* LEAGUE OP NORTH
America (Vancouvor and vicinity)—
Uranch  meets   second and  fourth   Mondays,
Rr'r" ,l"\. L,?Vor. T,'mPlc* *Prealdont, J.
Bantorth, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood East;
flnanclal Becr.'tary and business agent. H. 8.
Mghtscalos, 270—56th Ave East. South Van*
fT'i.W'J??" "cretary, E. Wostmoro*
'hi 2979L °"y  ""*'    rl"""*  B,s*-
SHI1-IAKD LABORERS, FASTENERS AND
Riggers, I. L. A., Loeal Union 88A, Series
5—Meets the 2nd and lth Fridays ol the
month, Lsbor Tomple, 8 p.m. President. J.
Sully; nnanclal aeeretary, M. A. Phelps;
business agont and corresponding socretary.
W. Hardy. Offlco, Room 219*220, Labor
Temple.	
STREET AND ELECTRIC" RAILWAY EM*
, P*°y".. Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
Labor Templo, second and lourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell:
treasurer, 8. S. Oleveland; recording aeere'
pi? ,Ai,,\- «£Uni!* ■*861 Trinity street,
Phone High. 168R; Inanelal seeretary and
, ■•■■»■■■ "Want*. Fred. A. Hoover. 2109 Clark
drive, offlce corpor Prior and Main atreeta.
JOURNEYMEN' TAILORS1 UNION OP
America Local No. 178—Meetinga held
flrst Monday In each month, 8 p.m. Preal*
dont, A. R. Gatonby; vice-president, W.
r.ar,e.nJ- rooonllnK seeretsry, W. W. Hocken,
Box 603; Inanelal secretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Box 508.
(i iM^AL TEAMSTERS' AND OHADP-
leura Union. Local No. 655—Moots evory
2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m. President,
..: ,'„ """•'■■; businoss agent, J. F. Poole,
Silo"jatriril avenue east, Phone Pair.
7,1™ ,."l*1""*1"* secretary. Bert Showier,
1076 Robson street. Phone Sey. 5079.
Olllce.  587 Homer street.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—Meets
.i.i,1. p.? "V*?.1* m*""11 at 3 p.m. President, R. Marshall; vico-presldent. W. H.
Jordan; aecretary-treasnror, R. H. Neelanda.
Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB—Meeta ln
annual convontion In January. Executive
offlcors, 1918*19: President, Duncan McCallum, Labor Temple, Vancouver; viee-presi*
!™.riY*.!*.couver waad, Waller Head.
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prines
g?f*_ W. * E. Thompson; Vineouver, E.
Winch, W. R. Trotter; New Westminster, P.
Peebles; West Kootenay, Hareua Martin,
Nelson; Crowa Nest Paas, W. A. Sherman,
Fernle. Seeretary-trensurer, A. S. Wells,
Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir street, Van.
couver. B, 0.
VIOTOBIA. B. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES AND
Labor Council—Moots first and third Wed-
nesdays, Knlghta of Pythias Hall, North
Park stroot, at 8 p.m. President, B. Sim.
mons; vice-president, T. Dooley; secrotary.
treasuror, Christian Siverts, P. 0. Box 302.
Victoria, B. 0.
PRINOE B0PEBT, B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOR
Council—MeetB sscond and fourth Tues*
daya of eaoh month, ln Carpentera' hall.
President, S. D. Macdonald; secretary, W. E.
Thompson, Box 878, Prines Rnpert, B, 0,
BOPTH WELLD10TOM. V. I. ,
LOCAL UNION, NO. B72, C. M. W. of A.-
Meets seeond and fourth Sundaya of eaeh
month, at 8:80 p.m., Rlekarda Hall. Preaident, Walter Head; vlce-prealdent, Andrew
Parker; recording aeeretary, Jamaa Bateman;
flnanolal aeeretary, W. Maedonald; treaaurer, J. H. Richardson. FBIDAY...
...June 21, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE SEVEN
Blue Band Breakfast Set of
42 Pieces for $8.35
A set of great service, suitable for camp or general
use. Decorated with a dark blue band and gilt lines.
The set contains 6 cups and 6 saucers, 6 tea plates,
6 bread and butter plates, 6 coupe soup plates, 6 fruit
saucers, 1 platter, 1 pickle tray, 1 slop bowl, 1 sugar
bowl, and 1 cream jug.  Value without equal, $8.35
A SET OF THREE JUGS FOR 89c
Jugs are always useful in the kitchen and these are
specially good value. Pint, pint and half, and two-
pint size; 3 for  — 89c
Canada Food Board Licenses: No. 6,1482—No, 8,14690
L,, J    .,. mtsmms m*    nm** i swsiiaa, tmu eatmv_mh  \ \ ^*p^
Granville and Georgia Streete
Canadian Northern Railway
TBANSOONTINENTAIi
Lowest Possible Passenger Fares
—to—
EASTEEN DESTINATIONS
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants
Travel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agont or Write
DISTBIOT PASSENOEB AOENT, 605 HASTINOS W., VANOOUVER
Telephone Seymour 2482
WAKE UP-IT'S NOT AN
UNDERTAKER YOU NEED!
TEN
SUB.
CARDS
$10
ORDER 10 SUB. CARDS
AND PAY FOR THEM WHEN SOLD
Ten or more members of any trades union in Canada may
have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addresses at the rate of $1 per year.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
' Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law Will Allow
We Deserve Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St. West, or 622 Pender West
PAINTS
Dependable quality, reasonable price
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.
642 GRANVILLE STREET
FOR AN ENJOYABLE PICNIC
Take the 40-Minute Ride from North Vanoouver to Horaeshoe
Bay, Vancouver's POPULAR RESORT, by the
Scenic Route along the
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
in airy  nnd  comfortable coach™  through  gorgeous scenery to  this
natural beauty spot.
Free running water, picnic tables installed in a shady park,
safe beach for children, dressing rooms for bathers and
BOATS  FOR  HIRE
Refreshments nnd accommodation at two hotels obtainable.
Depot adjoining 1'ctry Wharf, North Vancouver.
RETURN FARE, SO Cents
For further information, Phone Passenger Dept., Sey. 9647
PACIFIC OREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
Taste is the Test
Of the Drinks that are Best
—BUY THE PRODUCTS OF THE—
-VANCOUVER BREWERIES, LTD.-
Because thoy are equal or better than any other similar products, let
tbem come from whore tbey may
-ASK FOR-
Cascade Beer
THE BEEE WITHOUT A FEES
Alexandra Stout
THE DRINK THAT SATISFIES
BSE Soda Water
 TOLL LINE, PUBE FBUIT FLAVORS
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
SOEHTHINO WRONG
I
Thero ia a class of gentlemen, (possibly there is more than one class), who
are becoming moro and more firmly convinced that there is something wrong
with the "people." That class is the
doctors.
The ignorant masses, once so gullible
and docile, now assert that they are
from Missouri, and demand to be
shown; and the most irritating part of
the matter, from the doctors' point of
viow, is that they are unable to deliver
the goods.
It is not so very many years Bince,
that it waB unnecessary for the medical
man to carry anything in the way of
tools fnd utensils, except a turnip-shaped watoh; wherewith to time the pulse
of. the patient; a blaok bag ,a dignified
manner, and whiskers. With this simple and inexpensive armament, he waB
able to invoke awe in the mind of the
lowly pasant, and even to ptu one over
on the "upper classes."
Timo, alas, brings many changes, and
gradually th doctors found that if they
wishd to retain the confidence of their
fellow men, they must invent something
more mystifying than the watch and
the tongue examination. The stethoscope was evolved and elaborated,
blood tests wero introduced, vaccines
and serums were invented) the patient
was instructed to repeat mysterious and
torrifying words, like "abracadabra"
or "Ninety-nine"; and for awhile the
public were lulled back into a feeling
of security, and faith in the doctor;
but it was only for a while, and now the
public iB beginning to waken again, and
like Oliver Twist, to ask'for more. And
tho doctors have nothing more to offer.
At the present time, ninety per cent.
of sick porsons have no faith in the
doctor; but unfortunately, he is the
only hope that offers, and a drowning
man will catch at a straw; therefore,
the patient makes the best of a bad
job, calls in the doctor, hands over his
money, and trusts to providence. In
most cases, ho has no idea as to what
ails him, the doctor, despite his assumption of supernatural wisdom, is in exactly the samo position, and the col*
leaguo whom the latter calls into consultation can only corroborate his opinion,
that possibly it is; but then of course,
perhaps it may not be. In the course
of time the patient either recovers his
health, or loses his life, in either of
which events ho is of no more interest
to the doctors. Neither is an empty till
of any interest to the burglar.
The individual who is too poor to
buy the aid of a doctor also recovers
from his sickness or else dies, and
whilo in most cases ho is no worse off
than hia wealthier follow who is in a
position to hire a doctor, in some he
has a great advantugo. The doctor is
not interested in innoculatiug or vaccinating patients who cannot pay, and
for thiB reason, the man who cannot afford to hiro a medical man to experiment on him, will stand less chance of
dying of lockjaw, pneumonia, etc., the
usual rosult of preventive sorums.
Tho ardent advocates of innoculation
for typhoid, point to the Boer war aB a
convincing example of the benefits arising from tho ceremony. There were
some 320,000 British troops •engaged in
that war; they wero supplied with 400,-
000 doses of anti-typhoid vaccine, and
they had 57,000 casos of typhoid fever,
with S000 deaths from that disease.
This is certainly a striking proof of the
kind of protection derived from "anti"
serum; but it takes no account of the
deaths from other diseases which wero
sot up by the use of this poison.
The government haa proclaimed that
overy man shall be engaged in somo
useful occupation; but apparently tho
doctors aro exempt.
POOR C. P. R. OBTAINS
ANOTHER  BONUS
Ottawa Oovernment Grants $400,000 to
a Wealthy British Columbia
Zinc Oompany
Mr. Cahill's objection to the bonusiug
of speciul interests, expressed on tho
last iny ot tho session, is ao much in
lino with a growing public opinion in
Canada, it should bo repeated. One of
the lust items to be rushed through in
the closing hours of parliament, provided for tho payment of $400,000 in
bounties from the national treasury to
u zinc company iu British Columbia.
When thc acting minister of finance,
Mr. Maclean, submitted tho amendment
to the zinc bounties act of 1916, Mr.
Turriff remarked that "the moment you
grunt increased protection or givo bounties on these products you sturt to feed
theso babies and they-come buck to the
government from time to timo." When
the zinc bounty wus granted two yeara
ago, Mr. Turitf said, it was pointed out
that theso producers would soon bc back
for increased bounties or for renewals.
Mr. Green, of British Columbia, defended tho bounty, and wound up by
stating that "thc managers of tho smoi-
ter say today that if they do not get the
protection afforded them by this
bounty, they will have to close down
their smelter." Mr. Turriff mentioned
that the smelter company is a "vory
wealthy concorn, owned chiefly by the
Canadian Pacific."—Ottawa Citizen.
II is quite evident thnt neither Mr,
Ctthill nor Mr. Turriff havo any propor
conception of the function of govern*
monl In respect to the mutter of feeding
such ruling class infantile prodigios ns
may require aliment in order to stop
tlieir puling nnd squawking and soothe
their gullets. Of conr.se, the moat important, function of government is to
hold thc slaves of the ruling clnss in
subjection to exploitation at thc hands
of their rulers nud mnstors, but outside
of thai there nre numerous other- things
that are not only dearly within the
province of government, out arc manifestly duties to bo well nnd faithfully
performed when .-ailed upon to do BO by
any interest iu the community that hns
ther the powor to command or legnl
tender argument sufficient in qimlity
und quantity to properly convince nnd
induce. And one of those duties is unquestionably that of transferring from
the public treasury of the ruling clnss
to the coffers of supplicating mendicants of that class, such treasures, baubles n"d loot, ns the aforesaid mendicants have the power to command nr entice therefrom. True the O. P. R. is n
somewhat sizable infant, but it must
not bc forgotten thnt the larger the
baby, the more aliment required to
keep it in wholesome condition nnd good
spirits. Being perhaps the biggest economic infant in the Dominion, whnt
more natural than it should havo a more
impelling pull upon tho ruling class nursing bottle than nny other! As tho
aforesaid treasury is' merely n part of
tho belongings of tho ruling class of
Cnnada, and the "baby" in question is
quite decidedly the Inrgcst in the bunch,
whoso business is it anyway how much
nourishment this enfant terrible extracts from thc family nursing bottle,
Bolsheviki Is Firm in Its
Position with Masses
Supporting It
AMSTERDAM.—Tke return of the
monarchy in Russia Ib unthinkable,
Adolph Joffe, Russian ambassador * at
Berlin, declared in a recent interview
given to Dr. Friedberg, the Berlin correspondent of the Vienna Nuea Journal.
Incidentally M. Joffe characterized any
assertion that Americans "during the
war or during the revolution, received
any concessions from Russia," as a
pure invention.
On bis main topic of the governmental prospects in Russia, M, Joffe admitted that a government of non-
social iat a, under artificial condltlona,
waa within the range of possibility, but
never a return to the rule of an emperor.
"There is today," he continued, "no
powor in Russia strong enough to up-
wet us. Behind us stands the great
mass of the peasants and workers—all
those whom the capitalistic system has
not blessed with this world's goods.
Thc lower bourgeois strata ia also coming over to us. The people recognize
that Milukoff and his friends are useless and that the Menshoviki and the
Kerenaky Socialists have turned out to
bo a failure. There is only one group
left, .namely the anarchists, but they
lack political driving force.
Objects of Bolshevik.
"Oh, yes," exclaimed the minister,
"they criticize us too, in Russia. People whoso affairs are not prosperous
are apt to curse ua, but after all they
recognize that we are uot responsible
for tho consequences of the war and
that our pronounced Socialist system is
best adapted for Russian conditions.
Our aim is to provide an abuudancc of
those good things whicli mankind needs
for the enjoyment of life. We aro not
ascetics. We do not want to return to
primitive conditions. On tho contrary
we wish to make people's lives richer
and hapior. We do not object to
wealth for all, but we do object to the
capitalism which dooms millions to mis-
ery, so that the few may have luxury."
M, Joffe donied that there has been
any split between Leon Trotsky, the
minister of war and Promier Lenine, as
has been reported. He also contra-
dieted, the interviewer says, the widely held view that Great Russia was dependent upon tho Ukraine for grain.
The Siberian grain crop was availablo
for export, ho said, und when our relations with tho central powers aro in
proper shape wo shall be quito able to
ship grain to them, and likewise to ship
metnJa. We ulso have great stocks of
linen.
'What we need from Germany,"
continued M. Joffe, "are dyes, medicines and agricultural machinery. We
have not given Americans or other foreigners any mining, railway or other
concessions.
Welcome Foreigners.
"We are not trying to compel Russians to return home and we wolcome
the coming of foreigners. Tho latter
will oujoy equal rights. We even favor
suffrage for foreigners.
"Pood conditions are not good in the
towns, but thoro is plenty in northern
Russia. Wo arc working hard to improve transportation. As to tho ex
change of prisoners, we are ready to accelerate it.- It is to our own interests
to do so."
M. Joffo, the interviewer reports,
onded his tulk by declaring that his
personal relations with the German
government are "entirely correct."
To Organized Labor
The Federationist is striving to becomo a powerful educational factor
umong tho masses. When a man or woman joins a union, the education necessary to tho making of them thoroughly
acquainted with tho principles of unionism and' working class solidarity has
just begun. In order to hasten this
education and keep them in constant
touch with the labor world, for the
benclit of themselves and their fellow
workers, they can uot do better than
road The Federationist. By an outlay
of 10 cents per month per member, by
the union, its entire membership can
be placed on our mailing list and thc
paper delivered weekly to their homes.
Wo have the entire membership of
many unions on our list; some of them
pay by the month and others by the
yonr. It mnkes no difference to Thc
Federationist how the subscriptions are
paid for so long as ihe membership gets
on the mailing lists. Some unions
assess its membership $1 per year, and
others take it out of the union treasury. Evory union man or womnn
should keep in close touch with tlie
l.nlinr movement, nnd The fl. C. Federationist can not lie beaten for this purposo, Take this mntter up nt your next
businoss meeting.
THE NEW LABOR PARTY
The Federated Labor Party is an organization entirely distinct from any other body.
It is not a section ot the recognized trades
and labor organization, although it was conceived and brought into being by union labor
officials, It is an amalgamation of workers,
all the forces of labor, organized or otherwise, for the purpose of securing direct representation in the legislative assemblies, provincial and federal, <
The platform of the party has been confined
to a sentence. The primary object is to secure "industrial legislation," and the ultimate aim is "the collective ownership of the
means of wealth production." The work of
organization haa been going along successfully for some time, and progress is reported
throughout the province.
The most remarkable feature In the development of the movement has been its favorable reception even by the most radical
wing of the socialist party. All classes—onion
members of the "limited objectives" type-
are working with radical socialists and unor-
Sanized workers in this new league of labor.
'ne of the most enthusiastic advocates of
the new party is the member for Newcastle,
Mr. J. A. Hawthornthwaite, the sole labor
representative at present in the provincial
house.
As Mr, Hawthornthwaite is the recognized
leader of thc party, the writer arranged an
interview with him for the purpose oiascee-
tatning his view of the prospects of the Federated Labor Party. The member for Newcastle takes his duties very seriously. He
kept the appointment in the labor room of
the house while taking a brief rest after a
long morning and afternoon session. "We
sat until 2 o'clock this morning and I have
been at my desk in the house most of the
day," declared Mr. Hawthornthwaite. "I
feel rather tired. It is necessary to stay
oa the job as much as possible. I dont
waste much time in speaking, but have tried
to work in as many useful amendments as
ossible." .
He was assured that the interviewer had
no desire to add to his burdens, but. simply
wished to hear Mr. Hawthomthwaite's - views
of the Federated Labor Party.
"It is.what many of us have been looking
for," he said. "Many times I have been
urged to form a labor party which would
rally the workers and bring the various
elements together, as in Great Britain. But
it was useless to attempt to bring about this
condition in past years. Circumstances have
changed and now the time is ripe for the
formation of the party. It is well under way
now. •
The speaker went on to show how the scattered efforts of labor forces had been unsuccessful in the past. He believed that the
door would bc opened to brainworkers and
the party enriched by the addition of trained
minds who would accept the platform of the
new party and add intellectual force to the
movement. He was hopeful of bringing the
workers into closer touch with the fighting
men, who, he claimed, had been misled concerning  labor's  attitude.
War conditions have aroused all classes of
orkcrs. The unorganized elements now see
the value and power of united effort, while
union labor after the experience of the last
federal election realizes thc need for a league
of workers which will use its votring power
to secure direct representation in tne provincial   and   federal   parliaments.
In answer to a question Mr. Hawthornthwaite admitted that the aggressive attitude
of labor and socialist propagandists had alienated the sympathies of many they sought to
interest and convert. Thc war with its economic consequences has done more than all
the agitation of labor leaders. It has been
the great testing time.
"The Federated Labor Party is doing well.
It is founded on a practical basis. The first
mleavor of the organization will be to secure
industrial legislation. The greater end, 'the
collectiveownership. of thc means of wealth
production,' will always be kept in view."—
The  British   Columbia  Monthly.
With the "purchasing power" in her
pocket and the union label in her heart,
woman reigns with the olive branch.
She is mistreas of the situation.
mmmmmmm
]t
L
—SOME OF OUB—
PIANO BARGAINS
Now pianos, warranted for 10 years, $275 to 9800.
No House in this city can give our experienced
service.
47 yean in piano busineu has given us a knowledge and experience of piano quality, which
enables us to protect our customers.
The Haines Bros., the favorite for many years
of our world's most renowned vocalists, which
we have sold for the past 44 years.
Ihe "New" Bell, which we have sold in B. C
for the past 18 years and not one failure.
The Marshall & Wendell,   which   we   commenced selling in B. C. 16 years ago, called the
"iron piano" on account of the great durability.
The Williams, new scale, which we have sold
in B. O. for the past eight years.
No pianos in Canada are superior to these, in
tone, action, material, workmanship nor durability; but some oost more.
We recommend good pianos for cash or
'terms.
_______
___ ag*-^
PIANO HOUSE II? Gwv-Ltf St
_______^^SSa\^__S^^ ~ -
Z.-^m-*.— -.■»■-■»■■ ■»,->X»U!«
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Nine-tenths of Tooth Trouble
Is Caused by Neglect--
—overlooking a slight defect until it strikes at the root of the
tooth and causes serious trouble.
—putting off a visit to a dentist until the trouble becomes bo
acute that you are compelled to go.
Are you neglecting your teeth?   Don't—it doesn't pay.    Bee
me.   Let me examine your teeth and advise you.
X-Bay filmi Mtn If bmm-
swy; 10-yiu fntruUti
gton.
PHOMB BUT. 8381
Bumlutloai   nut-d*   on
pbone appointment*.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Grown and Bridge Specialist
2 Hastings Street West, Cor. Beymour
Offlce Open Daily Until 6 p.m.
Thoro li today still n vory Btrong pnrty
Whirh lint lint the Blk lit 081  inK'lltnin q( giv-
Irk up Un1 Bwonl—If it can by nny intmna
stick lo tin- sword; iliora is still a very itrong
i.nriy wtiioli ottipholfcnlly dooa not wanl lo
bring in nn .-ml tin- Institution <>f wnr. This
party conslitlti clilofb' of two Borts «f persons, lha uninmglnatlvfl porsons who nr.' In*
oapohlo nf sootiig timt human society develops,  I Unit Uif Institution of wnr n,s we tin-
dmtantl wur. is iimind ultimately In the
courso of evolution to follow the Institution
of slnvery into dosuotudo—nnil tlio conaplrn-
tprinl persons who hate democracy, and who
think ihey sr.. in nrinlcs thoir only effective
mafliod of chocking tho advance of democracy. Lot ns never forgot thnt Urge numbers of powerful and Influential Individuals
alive amongst us today put miliinrlsni fore-
most In their social creed, and would lie
dBeply and -genuin fly grieved to seo it go.—
Arnold Qonnetl in the London Dally News,
SETS TYPE WITHOUT DRINK.
Goorgp Bartley has been a printer in
Vancouver sii  1SS3, nnd ho still can
set ti line of type without stopping Cur
a drink of water.—Grooinvqod Ledge.
outside of*thnt porticulnr "baby" itsolf? Toko it by nnd lnrge, whatovor
raids any of tho family of loaf and loot
makes upon the family treasure is only
equivalent to ti mnn robbing his own
trunk, or al tho most that of a wifo
picking her husband's pocket while he
is asleep. Ho whnt'a tho use of mnking
all this row about ii' Abovo all things
it is no working onimol's businoss. anyhow, True tho contents of the tronstiry
In quostion wns (Irst stolen from the
workers or il could never have got in
there, but us these silly persons almost
without exception, nro quite certnin
thot they have been fully paid for what
they didn't get, it would bc cruelty lo
animals to tiwuken them from thoir pipe
dream by putting them wise to whut
hns happened lo them.
How Registration
WiU Affect Labor
IT is entirely wrong to suppose that registration is to be used as a basis for
the conscription of labor. It may, probably will, be used to influence the
flow of labor from less essential to more essential occupations. But there
will be no compulsion about it. Every person who registers will still be a
free agent. He will still be able to work where and for whom he chooses.
He will still be at liberty to accept or refuse the conditions offered him.
An Aid to Useful Employment
It is quite possible that, to ensure an adequate supply of labor for undertakings that
are essential to the prosecution of the war or to the support of the civilian population,
it may become necessary to place restrictions upon the employment of labor in undertakings that are less essential. In that event, registration should greatly help those
who may have to change their occupations, for it will show the useful kinds of employment for which they are best fitted by training or experience.
Settling the Coolie Question
Registration will serve another very useful purpose. It will settle once and for all the
vexed question of coolie labor. There are those who advocate the importation of
thousands of Orientals, to work on our farms, in our mines, etc. As against this, there
are those who contend that the supply of labor in Canada is adequate, if it be properly
distributed and intelligently applied. Only by taking a complete inventory of our
man power can we tell which side is right
Registration Day—June 22nd
The daily papers will explain the procedure of registration and the penalties for default.
The law is easily obeyed, for it takes only a few minutes to register. An unregistered
workman cannot lawfully be employed, cannot lawfully draw wages.
Protect yourself by securing a regulation certificate.
lined by authority of
Canada Registration Board
33 PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
..June 21, 1918
The Pioneer Union Store
"Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes"
Claman's
153 HASTINOS STREET WEST
Honest
Clothes Value
WE started with this idea
uppermost; our success
has proven that it has Vancouver's stamp of approval.
Our volume of business increases our ability to give
value.
We have been telling you for the last
two years how woollens have been
and will continue to advance, and
unless you buy now never again will
you be able to get a
Donegal or Selkirk Tweed Suit
made by
Hart Schaffner
& Marx
for $30
Silk yoke lined and silk-lined sleeves
Limited
Oui*-'rlt*li. Hurt Boll liUner a Man
11
Local Central Body
Holds Short Session
(Continued from page 1)
vice-consul, has testified that Fickert
was given as reference when Crowley
waa employed by the Germans; therefore be it
"Resolved, that in face of this evidence and the questionable doubt of
Tom Mooney's guilt, that thc Vancou-1
ver Trades and Labor Council send
word to President Woodrow WilBon |
urging him to use all the powors at his i
disposal to prevent the hanging and
have a new and fair trial granted, and
be it
"Further resolved thnt all afflliated
unions be requested to tako a like action, and that the Vancouver press bo
requested to publish a copy   of   this
resolution.''
Tho couneil adjourned   t 9.15 p.m.
The following delegates were obligated:
Steam and Operating Engineers, F.
Hunt, W. A, Alexander, H. Longley, T>.
Hodges, J. McDonald, W. Boss, Goo,
Parker.    Alternate, L. A. Eobertson.
Amalgamated Carpentors,. J G.
Smith, K. Frost, E. Edmonds, A. Davis.
Barbers, A. 0. Herse, H. V. Tuff.
Machinists 182, J. McDonaldson.
City Policemen's Union, J. Shields,
E. Annesloy. E. Armstrong, J. Milne.
P. Logee, second vice-president of
Division 101 of the Street and Electric
Railway Employees Union, took nnd
developed tho photo of the joint executivo of the three divisions of the Btreet
railwny men's organization which is
this week reproduced in the Fod.
The Canadian Bank of Commerce
Capital $16,000,000 Bert «13,600,000
TEN BBANOHES IN VAHOOUVEB DISTBIOT
SAVINGS BANK BUSINESS
A savings account will assist you in tho patriotic and personal duty of
conserving your finances. ThiB Bank allows interest at current rates, and
welcomes small as well as large accounts.
REMOVAL SALE
Of CHINA and TOYS
Oome down to tlie old store on Hastings street, where we'll show you the
greatest bargains ever offered ln Dinnerware, Fancy China, Toys, Dolls,
etc. Our new store will he ready for us about July 1st, hut Our Big
Removal Sale still goes on.
A FEW SPECIALS FOB THE WEEK-END
Cups and Saucers, English muke.
Beg. priee $2,75 dozen.
Sal* price, 6 for...
$1
Tumblers, plain glass, heavy bottom. Ecg. prico $1.75 per
dozen.   Sale prico, «| /\_
ench 1 vIC
44-piece Semi-Porcelain Dinner Set—Suitable for a small ^1 Q P7C
family.   Rog. price, $16.90.   Sale price $10* I O
47-piece China Dinner Set—Plain white with gold band. 01 C 7C
Reg. price *20.00.   Sale price «plD. /O
97-piece Wedgwood Semi-Porcelain Dinner Sot—Blnck and pink decoration; il complete set for 12 people. Reg. price $.15.00. din/» 7J%
Sale priee <p£0« IU
20^-OFF TOYS, DOLLS AND GAMES-20%
Special Discounts oft Kiddie Ears, Tricycles, Wagons, Automobiles, Etc.
Millar & Coe Limited
120 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Standard model of perfect lines
and conservative type.
Made to meet the requirements
of the man who wants a well-cut,
well-made Suit, but not extreme
in style. .,,
We have them from—
$20 to $45
it*
Thos. Foster & Co.
LIMITED
514 GRANVILLE STREET
City CouncU Gets Excited
Over Wage Needs of
Civic Employees
Following the letters sent by the
KamloopB civic employees to the city
council, a deputation waited on that
body last week-ond, Mr. Hirst, president
of the union, presented the case for the
organization.
Upon being invited by the mayor to
speak, Mr. Hirst flrst said that the local
members of the Stationary Steam Engineers Association were not responsible
for the wage schedule received from
Secrotary Alexander of the Vancouver
Local, to which all Kamloops stationary
ongineers belonged1. It was merely a
coincidonco that that lotter was received and read at the samo time as the
(irst lotter from the Civic Employees
Association, although, whon pressed by
the aldermen, Mr. Hirst admitted that
he us a momber of the Vancouver local
would havo to abido by that wage scalo
if he wished to remain a member, and
if the city did not pay the scale, ho
would have to leavo its employ. Eo-
fcrring to a report of tho situation that
appeared in the columns of'the Standard-Sentinel on Tuesday, to the effect
that "users need not fear a cessation
of water, light and power services,"
he claimed that the actions of tho employees of tho city had boen all opon
and above board, and Baid that he regretted that the Standard-Sentinel
should seek to iniluonco public opinion,
and that if it did soo fit to interfere,
he wished it would get "authentic information."
Having got through this, Mr. Hirst
then proceeded to tackle the object that
j brought him boforo the*, council, which,
he snid, was twofold. First, the recognition of thc union, and second, the discrimination shown to G. L. Wain, Into
superintendent. Referring to the first,
ho claimed it as a right for men to form
a union, and also thnt it was not bo-
iwnth the dignity of the city council to
recognize that union. He next detailed
tho history of tho same, and then soid,
"that no body of men can afford to ignore ony union affiliated with the B. C.
Federation of Labor." He then wont
on to say that the new union, if tho
couneil gave it u chanco, could help the
aldermen materially and that by co-operation could accomplish much to thc
advantage of tho city, and that it had
not been formed with any ill-intent or
ill purpose.
Regarding the dismissal of C. L. Wain
he considered that such action was
drastic nnd uncalled for, especially if
tho renson therefore was as stated, thnt
Mr. Wain had tnken too active a pnrt
in the formation of thc association*, and
thought "that 23 yenrs of faithful service to thc city should hnvo entitled
him to grenter eonsidoraion." If it
were wrong for Mr. Wain to belong to
the union, he could not see why Mr.
Shackleton hud boon nppointed tu the
position, us he wns also a member. If
there were uny other charges agninst
Mr. Wain, he would liko to know of
them.
In conclusion, Mr. Wain askod the
council to reconsider their decision that
they would nol recognize the union, and
also to see their wuy to grant those
requests. !Eto nskod that all the differences between the city and its employees \be left over until thc urrival of
the deputy minister of Lnbor, who will
be in the city noxt Tuesdny, nnd lot
him decide all tho quostions. On bohalf
of the employees, Mr. Hirst promised
that tho decision of that gentleman
would be abided by.
E. Perdue also took the floor and snid
that he objected to the word "grievance," as that did not correctly interpret the feelings of the .employees, for
they had no grievance, but only a "reasonable request," which wns a revision
of the wages. As an association, they
had used overy honorable means to accomplish this, nnd the association was
not "a pistol hold at the heads of thc
councilmen."
Aid. Crawford1 who, by tho wny, is n
union man, nsked what other inference
any one could take from tho wording
of th? letter accompanying the scale of
wnges, (which said they were the wages
payable from June 1), but that it was
n pistol held at the council's
bond?" Thc nldermnn then went into
details of the wnges demanded by thnt
schedule, showing that it would mean
an increase of over $17,000 n year in
the corporation's wnge list. "Wns it
a wonder,'' he nsked, "thnt the council
took the stand it did? Where wus tho
money coming from? It cnn only bo
got by rnising the wulor und light
rates, which wus impossible, ns thoy
wen* high onough now."
Aid. Orowford charged that u strike
hnd been twlco threatened thnt would
hnve tied up thc wntor nud light services, the second ns lute ns last Saturday. It hnd been proposed to nlluw the
flume to run dry, which, if tlmt hnd
been done, mennt a serums loss to the
city. He nnd Aid. Colloy hnd gono up
to the Bnrriore when they hnd heard of
thnt. lie thought thnt Bunt. Wnin wns
dismissed becnuse, if sucw n proposnl
was on foot, that tho suporln ton dont,
us a confldontlal employee of tl ity,
lind nol informed the council. "Thut
wus why thev hnd tnken the Stand they
did."
Mr. Hirst, receiving permission, em-
phatlcally denied uny such tie-.ip of
the city's public utilities hnd been proposed, ut least, un far ns he knew, ns
president of the ussociution, and he
wns sure thut if nnything of thnt nature hnd been suggested umong the
employees, he would have hoard of it.
It hud not been proposed by the association, nor hnd such n course of action
ever been suggested nt any meeting.
The clerk then rend the lotter from
the association that was lnid on tho
table Inst week, following which it
1 wns movod by Aid. Colley und seconded by Aid, Irwin,
"Thai the council cnn in no wny
recognize the .inion und whnt it
stnnds for."
Aid. Irwin, in seconding, flnid, "Not
so much the union, but whnt it stands
fnr."
Aid. Crawford, before the motion
wns put, snid thnt he "repudiuted the
schedule, lint thut the men hnve a
right to organise and be recognized if
they uct reasonable, und thereforo I
nm'opposed to the motion."
Aid. Colley: "If wo can not accept the schedule, how Cnn we recognize tho unionf"
The motion wns then put nnd carried
by live voting in fnvor of nnd one
ngninst—Aid. Cruwford voting "Nny.
On Tuesduv of this week the Deputy
Minister of Lubor, Mr. J. D. McNIven,
wus on the scene, nud conducted iicgo-
'Desirable
Gloves
For Summer Wear
Including women's cha-
moisette Gloves in two-
dome style at Sl.00 a
pair.
Women's Silk Gloves,
with double finger tips,
white or black, at 50^
and 85-Jr a pair.
Children's White Silk
Gloves, in all sizes, at 85^
a pair.
Women's Silk Gloves with
double finger tips, good
fitting, shown in white,
black, pongee, champagne,
grey or navy, at Sl-OO a
pair.
Children's Chamoisette
Gloves, in white or natural, at $1.00 a pair.
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
RATE OF WAGES
THE ISSUE
Minor Points of Agreement
Referred to Men and
Company
Conciliation Proceedings in
Street Railway Dispute
Under Way
A start has been made in the conciliation proceedings betwoon the Street
and Electric Railway Employees and
thc B, C. Electric Railway Company,
tho bonrd getting down to business
on Wednesday.
The main points at issue seem to bo
tho eight-hour day, und the wuges.
Mr. Buscombe, however, stated that he
favored the eight-hour day, but also
stated that tho board must hoar evidence, as it might bc impossible to
put this into effect.
The suggestion offered by Mr. Macdonald, that tho men and tho company
get together on the minor pointB, has
been accepted, and it is thought that
these matters will be straightened out
without much difficulty.
The ten per cent, increase in wages
offered by the company seems to have
been bused on the fact that a ten per
cent, increase has been granted in the
shipbuilding industry, or rather that
wns the amount that wus most frequently referred to. This, however,
would not by any meuus be adequate
for the street railway men, and any settlement that will bo fair to the men
will hnve to bo bused ou tho industry,
nd thc increased cost of living, taken
in conjunction with tho remuneration
thnt is offered in other wulks of life.
The B. C. Electric Railwny has lost
mnny of its employees becnuse of the
conditions, und the compnny und the
board should consider this aspect of
tho case.
It would appear at this timo that
there will be very little trouble over
lho closed shop agreement, us Mr. Justice Macdonald snid to Mr. Murrin, thut
the men hnd that at present, nnd it
wns nt this stage of the proceedings
that the men nnd thc compnny got together over thc minor points.
Considernble discussion took place on
Thursday ovor the eight-hour question,
und in this connection the men have
submitted u sehedulo thnt. they claim
will make it possible to work tho oight-
hour dny, and it might be pointed out
that one of the reasons thnt the coin-
puny ennnot recruit their employees
from the returned soldiers is because
of the long hours worked, nnd particularly amongst the new men, nr spccinls
us they ure termed, men wounded nnd
to that extent with thoir stnying power reduced, eould stand tho eight-hour
dny, but the long ho.irs ure too much
for them.
The .Seattle Street Railway Corn-
puny gave its employees u GO-ccnt
per duy increase in wnges, und ut that
mnde u profit, und with the B. C. Electric Rnilwny Compnny in tho position
it wus in at this timo, its franchise
ubout to expire, serious trouble between
tho company nnd the men would, to
sny the loast, be against its own interests. For the sukc of all we trust
thnt n satisfactory ngreement cnn be
arrived at.
Don't   Propose   to   Allow
Parasites to Live on
Fat of Land
At a largely attended meeting of the
Vancouver local of Electrical Workers,
communications from the B. C, Electric
Railway Company and tho Western
Canada Power Company, informing the
local of the desire of the companies to
have the wage dispute arbitrated and
requesting the local to select its representatives, were turned down by'unani-
mous vote. The membership feels that
it iB fully entitled to all that it is asking, and will not tie up the settlement
by a lengthy war of words. The companies will all come through, or the
men will walk off the jobs and take a
vacation or fill the many places that
aro now open acroSB the line. They
don't propose to keep up tho doily
grind and risk to life and limb in order
that the company stockholders may take
lifo easy. The plea of bankruptcy doeB
not make the Electrical Workers weep,
because they know that all it menns is
a reduction in the dividends of shareholders, nnd the plight of shareholders
ib no concern of the workers.
The local will take a strike vote next
Monday evening and if the result is
favorably and there is not the least
doubt doubt of it—then there will bc n
walkout July 1.
It will bo remembered that when men
wore walking the streets in search of
work during 1910, that Mr. Kidd of the
B. C. Electric, refused to take part in
the arbitration proceedings, and' had to
bo subpoemad by Business Agent Morrison. The locnl at that time wanted to
renew its old agreement, but the company wanted to reduce the wages of
Electrical Workers, just as it was then
striving to reduco the wuges of the conductors and motormen. Now the tables
nre turned, and tho Electrical Workera
are going to do their best to mako the
parasitical stockholders enrn their
bread by the sweat of their brow.
Businoss Agent Morrison and the locnl committoe have been negotiating
overy day with the B. C. Telephone
Company and an early and favorable
settlement is looked forward to. The
locnl will hold a specinl meeting this
(Friday)  evening.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs
Secretnry Birt Showier hus been one
of the busiest men around the Labor
Tomple during the pust week. He hns
boon registering thc local members and
thoir wives and fnmilies on behnlf of
the government. It saved many a member a long wait in some other registration office. Next Wednesday's meeting
is one thnt tho entire membership should
attend. A vory important order of j
business will come beforo the locnl.
Made by contented people--
YOUR imported Tom-the-Tailor suit
is made by artistic cutters and skilled, experienced tailors. They are well
paid, and work under ideal conditions.
They are contented because they are
doing the work they like to do, and
they take a pride in it. I don't have to
urge them to do their best. They are
glad to do it. They would be ashamed
to pass a poor piece of work up to me
for final inspection. This enthusiasm
of my staff goes into your suit It
shows in the style and fit and in the
wear of it. Made by contented people
to make you contented. And with my
guarantee that they succeed. Note
prices.
Men's Suits to
(leisure  from
$35
np
Women's
Man-tailored
Suits from
$45
wbn.
6320Bjm/LLE
3/4/MSZMSW
UNION SHOP
The A. F. of L. Oonvention
Thc less Bnid about tho recent convontion of the American Fedoration of
Labor at St. Paul the better. The re-
nctionnry element were in the saddle
nnd the progressives wore steamrollered under every time thoy brought
forwnrd nnything that tended to undermine tho Sammy Gompers machine, or
advance thc interests of organized
labor. The Western delegates, moBtly
progressives, hnd to fight ovory inch
of the wny through tho session and
anything that the Federationist can
report would not bo to the advnntago
of orgnnized labor on this coast.
Labor Party Picnic
Thorley Park, Jericho Beach, on Dominion Day, will bo the scene of a picnic by membors of the Federated
Labor Party who can find enjoyment
at a "basket picnic" among the treeB
near our beaches. All necessary accommodation will be found there.
Come out and get ncquainted. This is
only n preliminary to the big field day
being plunned for Labor Dny.
Caulkers
Ten new members were initiated and
many applications received. The resignation of Businoss Agent Bromfleld wns
accepted, and H. A. McDonald wns
elected to fill the vacancy pro tem.
Nomination of officers for the balance
of the year wns held, thero being several nominations for every office. The
election will take place nt the next
business meeting.
Patronize B. C. Fedorationist advertisers, nnd tell them why you do so.
"It Pays To Advertise"
In lust week's issue of The
Federutinnist, the Componnstion
Act Committee of the B. C. Federation of Lnbor, published a list
of mon who hud boen injured in
industry, but whose nddresses hnd
changed before the cheques for
their compensation could be pine-
ed in their hands.
Tho paper wns mailed Friday
afternoon, nnd on Snturdny morning one of the men culled on the
chairman of the committee, wns
put in touch with tho proper officer of tho compensation bonrd,
nnd received the cheque thnt wns
being held for him. All of whicli
goes to prove thnt the bending of
this article is true, nnd thnt in
addition. The Foderationist is the
menus by which the goods cun bc
delivered.
—THE-
TROGADERO
- CAFE -
under now management
1S6 Hastings Street West
Phone Sey. 936
THE BEST PLACE TO EAT IN
VANOOUVER—UNION OARD
MR. UNION MAN!
Tou owe lt to yourself to economlie
Would you consider it economical to
purchase Teas and Coffee. In tin.
when you mny hnve the same value
from our store at a much reduced
price t
THINE IT OVER
Wa SeU In Bulk Only
Dickson's Teas and Coffees Are of
Exceptional Value
Dickson's Importing
Tea and Coffee
-117 Columbia St.  Phone Bey. 813
Electrical Workers
Five member" were initiated nnd fifteen application! were received. A ro*
tpiost from tlie B. C. Electric nnd Western Cnnndn Power Compnny for n
union representative on un arbitration
bonrd. wns turned down flnt. Negotiations with the B. C. Tolephono Company
were reported us going nlong favorably.
Tho local sont n wire to President Wilson requesting u now and fnir trial for
Tom Monnov, und instructed its dole*
gntes to the Trades and Labor Couneil
to urea a like action by nil Vnncouver
unloni W. roull.os was elected by
unanimous vote to till the office of ro-
fording secretary, in plnco of W. A.
Truesdnle resigned. A strike vote Will
be tnken nl Monday'" meeting in connection with the new blnnkot agreement.
nations, but nothing is settled ns yot.
He nrrived in Vancouver on Thursday
nnd stated that the contending pnrtios
were still carrying on the negotiations.
Largest Union Stores for Men in B. C.
A Famous Line of
Old Country Worsteds
Offered at Practically
Pre-War Prices
WAR conditions have made it very difficult to obtain genuine
Old Country suiting material.  As the result of the delivery of a fortunate purchase, we are able, however, to offer
a line of suits made up to materials which are known all over
the world for quality and service.
Forbes English Worsteds
—a Hne that is a standard even in the old country where the best
worsteds are made.
—comes in fancy colors—guaranteed to stand.
—made up in models to suit every age—smart and snappy styles
for the young man—conservative styles for the older.
—well cutr-well made—well finished,
—suits such as are selling in other'stores at f
1 and over.
$25
10% Off to Returned Soldiers 10%
WM. DICK LTD.
33-454749 Hastings St. East
Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back
I

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