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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 15, 1921

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Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH4
THIRTEENTH YEAR.   No. 27,
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER JBADES AND LABOR COUNCIL
POUTIOAL UNITY:  VICTORY
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 15,1921
$2.50 PER YEAR
X1
SAYS HUMAN FACTOR IN
z INDUSTRY IS TREATED
WORSE THAN SCRAP IRON
British   Worker   in   United   States   Gives* Hid
Impressions of Conditions—Workers Will Have
to Take Over and Operate Industries in
Order to Live, Is Conclusion Drawn
(By Art Shields)
' Chicago—The Workers Committee movement of England will have
fc many-sided picture of American
labor and Industry when their enthusiastic representative, Jaok Tanner, returns. He spent two weeks
Inside of big steel planta and stockyards In the Chicago district, and
»ow he la on a round the oountry
■peaking tour that will take three
months.
'•What have you learned ao far?"
I asked him the night before he
left Chicago. "A good deal about
Industry," he answered. "Tou have
model factories, so far as the machine equipment Is concerned, but
Oood God! the human factor Is
treated worse than scrap Iron. , I
aaW men over ln Gary, Ind., speeding up 12 hours a day. I saw young
men of 16 who looked like grandfathers. Where ls their organization?"
"Perhaps that's because they
have not got the liberal employers
you have ln England," I interjected.
This was too much for Tanner.
Be exploded:
"Liberal! You're right, they are
liberal now.   They've got to be."
"yes," I said, "you've got stricter
Labor laws over there."
Tanner gave me an amased look.*
"Laws! They're a drug on the
market. I've heard something
about your Labor laws In Colorado,
compelling honest check weighing,
luid that sort of thing. What good
did they do ? Laws haven't anything to do with the liberalism of
tbe BrltlBh employer. His heart
was softened by nothing less than
Labor's power.
"The old unlonV accomplished a
great deal for the British workers
till the early part of thlt century.
They lifted tbem out of the un-.
■peakable Industrial serfdom that
American readers have gotten hints
cf ln the writing of Dickens. And
when some of -the old unions began
to get hardening of the arteries,
-. then the 'Bhop Stewards' or 'Work.
era' Committee' movement, as lt Is
now called, put fresh vigor Into
the Labor movement.
"The old- unions won the eight
hour day In the steel Industry and
many others. And now the Work-
era' Committee movement, working
Inside and outside of the old union
machinery, as conditions determine,
•re lighting for the six-hour day In
the basic Industries, and what Is
far more Important, are winning
■tap by step the Industrial control
that will enable the supplanting of
absentee ownership when necessity
arises.
"This unofficial movement ls nothing more than a committee movement right from the shops. The
•hop Is the unit of organisation.
Every department In the shop has
Its own stewards or committeemen,
and theee form the shop committee. There are district and national
admin-strati ven for each  Included
'Industry, and there la a national administrative committee for all.
Where the old unions have adopted
a iteward or committee system, aa
(he Amalgamated Engineering
Union, or the Minora' Federation,
their committee coincide with ours
proving they are progressive."
Tanner told some picturesque
stories of the fights of '17, '11 aiul
'19 ln the engineering trades, whloh
Anally caused the associated metal
employers to recognise union shop
stewards with the hope of putting
a respectability damper on the
movement. Such ahop control was
gained that "hard-boiled" foremen
were discharged at the discretion
of the men In many cases. In one
large motor-cab plant ln Weat London, where Tanner waa ar committeeman, 1000 workers took offense
at the sneering, auspicious attitude
of their superintendent and shut off
the machinery till he consented to
wear a smile Instead.
"Industrial control, rather than
mere collective bargaining, is our
real goal," he went on. "Our movement Is based right on the shop
or mine Itaelf, therefore one naturally thinks industrially.
"Technical problems of production^™ now being considered. We
realise that such a failure ot the
business system as Is evidenced In
coal mining portends an early
change of control.'1 ..
"Do you think that the workers
will displace the employers, as some
radicals are asserting?" I asked.
"They'll have to," Tanner answered, "because the employers are
not living up to their name. They
aren't employing more than half
the time. We havo 5,000,000 out
of Work, not counting the miners
on atrlke. Men must live, and they
can live only by the operation of
industry."—Truth.
wm bi
Unemployed Would Have
Challenge  Issued  to
Economic Council
The unemployed meeting held ln
the Fender hall on Sunday last,
was fairly well attended, considering the many attractions at the
beaches and the line weather. The
caae of j a returned soldier, who
Mrved three years ln France, and
who waa evicted because he could
hot pay the rent, was Instanced as
proof of the necessity of the work-
era organizing ln order to protect
themselves against the evils of unemployment
W. McQuoid, the speaker of the
afternoon, dealt with the historical
growth 0f social organization,
which ls In existence today, and
which waa Impossible a hundred
years ago. This growth he pointed
•ut had produced the phenomenon
Of want In the midst of plenty. He
concluded by stating that present-
day society would not be brought
to an end by a conscious effort on.
the part of the working class, but
by the workers moving'as conditions forced them to.
A motion calling on the Council
•f Workers to issue a challenge to
the Economic Council to, debate the
unemployed question, aa they claim
to have a solution, was passed after.
come little discussion. This matter
iwlll be considered by the Council
cf Workers at the next meeting.
Arrangements are being made
hr another meeting on Sunday next,
whloh will commence at the usual
time, 2:10 p.m. A good speaker
will be present.
N'l   I    | ll|ll|.l|._tMllfl' l<a^H»M>..|lH.I>.l|ll|l.«l.|.|..>.
ABYSS WHICH
American Depression Is
Worst in Pa*t Fifty
Years
Present Conditions Have
Britisher Considerably Worried
With the beginning of the month
of July no marked resumption of
Industrial activities ls yet to be noticed. The whole country Is ln the
grip of an Industrial depression
with no sign of relief.
The workers are well aware of
this fact, because they have been
forced to bear the brunt of the
present crisis. Their conditions
have become dally more acute as
one factory after another closed
down or latd off men, who had to
go home to their wlvea and children empty handed. Now the large
employers of the world are alao
waking up from their sweet dreams
of conditions adjusting Itself until
a normal state of affairs has been
brought about; they are beginning
to take cognizance of the desperate
oommerclal conditions. Sober and
serious thinking after the great
baohanals, Indulged In for the last
•even years, has removed the lid
from the eyes of the exploiters of
labor, and they see the abyss they
are bordering on as a result of their
rapacious greed.
At the flrst convention of the
International Chamber o'f Commerce recently held ln London this
was demonstrated by statements
made by several big business men,
Vice-president Bedford said that
the present American depression
was the  worst ln fifty years.
The correctness of this statement
ta undlsputable. Throughout the
country we see the paralysis of all
the Important Industries affecting
every branch. There ls little construction of buildings. Steel mills
and copper smelters are Idle in
many places, many great mines are
shut down without prospect of reopening ln the near future. Transportation Is breaking down and the
ocean traffic la badly affected. The
Industrial reserve army Is growing
so rapidly that the /ear of further
unemployment has hitherto made
the reduction oft the workers'
wages an easy task; but the flre of
discontent is smoldering under the
surface with fuel added to lt dally.
The aweet dreams of "normalcy"
(Continued on page 4)
HOW THEY DID IT
DURING I
British Pepper Made Tear
Shells for Germans'
Use
British and German Capitalists Exchanged
Royalties
Sydney R. Campion, In hia work
"The Bankruptcy of Capitalism,"
jlvea tha following war Incident!
with the Idea'of showing the International nature of capitalism:
'While preachera and atateamen
were crying aloud for human aac-
rlUce, our boya In the terrible Dar-
danellea battle were being wounded
by shells and by bullets made by
Britlah capital In Conatantinople.
While Britlah boya were lighting
men who were deacrlbed aa Huna,
ehlploada of pepper were being aent
from London docks for Germany,
ao that the enemy might manufacture "tear" shells with which to
blind our aoldlera. In 1915, according to Dr. Wilhelm Muelhon,
of Krupps, a quarter of a million
tons of steel were exported from
Krupps to England, apparently for
the purpose of enabling British
armament firms to make the necessary ammunition with which to
murder the Oerman workers. The
great Frenoh battleship,' the "Leon
Oambetta," waB sunk In the Mediterranean by a torpedo flred from
an Austrian battleship. Seven hundred French sailors w;re lost. That
torpedo, which was responsible for
the death of 700 of our gallant Allies, was made by Britiah capital.
The more the people of England,
at the instigation of tM prase and
atateamen, p. fumed agalnat the
Kaiser, and demanded the prolongation of hostilities, the more
were they having to pay the Kalaer
Increased dividends. Why? The
Kaiser was a ahareholdera in
Kruppa, the great Oerman armament firm. Britain on many of
her shells uaed the Krupps' patent
time-fuse, and during the whole
period of the war Britain credited
Kruppa with 1/ royalty for every
time-fuse used on a British shell,
Thousands of millions of sheila
were fired during the four ahd a
half years of war. A million shells
represents £60,000. At the end of
the war millions ot pounds were
due to Krupps m royalty patents.
The Germans flred from machine
guns whloh were the patent of a
British firm. Although the workers ot both countries were wildly
mad to grip each other by the
throat, or to scatter each other'a
brains, because servants of the
Lord Jesua Clirlat and atateamen
had told them to do lt, the Oerman
Oovernment credited Britlah armament firms with 6/ . royalty for
every patent machine gun in use."
Floor In Good Shapo
While the floor at the Pender
hall has quite a reputation as a
dancing floor, the hall committee
has, during the past week, given It
a good deal of attention. It has
been rewaxed, and Is now In better
shape than ever. The patrons of
the hall will no doubt enjoy them
aelves even better than uaual at the
dance on Saturday night.
Hill IIIIIIIHII*tMllllHH"»"llllllll
A WORKING CLASS ISSUE
ONE of the failings of th| workers is that they never
see anything until it'hits-them. Particularly is this
applicable with respect to the labor press. Appeals that
are issued from time to time because they deal with a
working class publication instead of human beings fall on
deaf ears. Our appeal for subscriptions has, however, not.
been altogether unheeded, but,the faet remains that it has
not been responded to as it should have been.
The primary function of tht labor press iB to give news
of working-class activities ana to carry on working class
propaganda. Thia wor). is in the interests of the working
.class, and must be done by the members of that class.
No individual can do it. Headers of the Federationist, of
whioh there are many thousands, can make an army of
workers in this field. Will you help in spreading working
elass news and education! Th» work, must be done, and it
is time that the polioy of letting Qeorge do it was
dropped. Every reader cari help. Every new subscription means more working class education and the assistance that must be given to _. working class publication if
it is to carry on that work,' Get in and help, it is your
business. v
Salvation Army Has the
Monopoly of Streets
in Calgary
A meeting waa held on the evening of July 1, at one. of the atreet
corners on Eighth Avenue Bast, In
support of the candidate nominated
by the Socialist Party ot Canada,
Calgary Locat No. It. Comrade
Cassidy had attracted a largj
crowd and was.expounding the/ Socialist platform in hla vigorous ond        	
lucid style, when he was Interrupt) eit of the Tree of Knowledge,
ed by the police, who pointed out
to him that religious bodies ha.
the monopoly of street corners In
Calgary for their propaganda. The
Socialists would therefore have to
desist. The officer told them to RO
to the park and hold their meeting,
but as the hour was far advanced
the audience waa requeated to hear
the rest of Comrade Casaidy'S
apeech at the Socialist headquarters, 13.A Ninth Avenue Weat, oi*
posltc tho Palllser Hotel. Here the
large classrooih was packed to the
door. Comrade Tree occupied the
chair, and Comrade Cassldy and
Comrade Williams, the candidate,
held a meeting until a late hour.
No one left the room till the. close
of the addresses, notwithstanding
the fact that lt was one ot the'
hottest nights of the season, '•'      ;
GETTING THERE
i
A MEETING OF ALL
Workers of Greater Vancouver
Under the Auspices of the Oouncll of Workers
—WILL BB HELD IN THE—
PENDER HALL
Corner of Pender and Hone Streets
Sunday Afternoon, July 17th
Commencing at 2:30
' WORKERS, WHETHER UNEMPLOYED OR NOT, ARE
REQUESTED TO ATTEND THIS MEETING
I
AT GiLLfS BAY
Reduction of Wages 4s
Resented by Lumber
Workers
A wire was received late on
Thursday, atattng that the men at
the Alberta Lumber Co.'s camp at
Glllls Bay, Texada Island, had come
out on strike against a reduction
of wages according to reports from
members who have Just reached
town, the foreman notified the' men
on Monday night that a reduction
of wages would be effective
Tuesday morning. In spite of the
fact that meetings were forbidden,
a meeting was Immediately called,
and the men decided'to strike, and
at the present time there are three
aristocrats of labor holding the fort
for the boss, but It it, dubious whe
ther they will succeed In producing
the necesBffry profits. These men
(?) are a hook tender, who at the
time of the recent visit of the or-
tt_uiliter, could not drag himself
away from a game of poker he was
having with the slave driver, to attend such a small thing as a union
meeting; the other two ore donkey
punchers.
The attempted reduction of
Wages would give the lower paid
men the magnificent sum ef $2.80
per day, and fallers from |3.75 to
$4 per day. . Board Is reduced to
$1.20 per day, but supplies such as
gloves, etc., are the same price.
Men going up there are told that
there Ib a gas boat to take them
to Van Anda to QUUs Bay, but such
Is not the case, as they have to
hike over a 9-mlle trail. The camp
delegate, who ls a rancher, not
working for the company and
others who are old-time miners
from Van Anda, are plekettlng the
place efficiently, A scab will have
a hard Job getting by, and the men
who are ln town are watching the
employment offices and boats pretty
closely.
South Vancouver O. N. V. X.
The South Vancouver branch of
tke C. N. U. X. haa deolded to meet
every Wednesday evening at I
o'clock,ln future. All members are
asked to bear this 1" mind.
Defeated in War, Beats
Enemies in Commercial Race
New York.—A wireless despatch
to the New Tork Tribune says that
Germany Is leading fn Industrial
and commercial rehabilitation.
The volume of coal production In
the flrst two months of the year
waa 12,000,000 tons and the number of workers employed In the
coal industry has increased 220,000
In 15 months.
The New York World states that
Germany ls "sweeping the bchs
clear" of British competitors as a
result of the low exchange rate of
the mark. German manufacturers
underbid British manufacturers by;
50 per cent, on $1,400,000 in contracts iii Palestine and India. , If
Germany continues to develop her
foreign trade at the rate which It
Is at present developing It Is said
that Britain will be faced with a
greater menace than she was prior
to the recent world war.
AT F.LP. HALL
The State and Its Evolu
tion  Was  Topic
Last Week
'Despite the flne weather, on
Sanday evening a large number of
people gathered at the F. L. P.
hall, where Comrade Llpshitz spoke
on the "Evolution of the State."
; 'Beginning, the speaker said that
it' had been stated that when Adam
iatid Eve were placed in the Garden
<tt Eden, they were warned not to
.pain of punishment, and ever since
the seeker after true knowledge Is
punished by those tn whose Interest
itf is that the masses should live In
ignorance.
iHe traced the evolution of the
State from Its Inception, and always as the protector of private
property, up to the present, when
it is suoh a powerful weapon In the
hands of the ruling class, and that
the only hope of the working class
bettering \ their condition was to
overthrow the . present capitalist
stato, and replace tt with a force
that would function ln the interests
of the workers.
■ Many questions were asked the
speaker, which he answered ln a
way that showed that he understood his subject. Speaker for next
Sunday will be Tom Richardson.
1
AT
Patronize Fed. advertlsera.
T. O'Connor Gave a Fine
Address Last
Week
"A aplendid meeting was held by
the Socialist Party laat Sunday
night at the Columbia Thoatre.
Tho addreaa given by Tom O'Connor waa closely followed, and the
frequent bursts of applauae were
proof of the Impressions created by
his clear simple language and
bright Illustrations. Next week J.
Harrington will be the speaker and
a treat is assured those who attend
the Columbia next Sunday night.
The frantic efforta of the eeveral
great capitalist groups td patch up
their economic differences have apparently culminated ln the newly
born disarmament conference Idea,
to be staged ln Washington, D. C.
bc able to grasp the Import of this
latest move, an understanding of
-ho science of political economy is
Accessary. A stimulus to learn la
furnished by .propaganda, and the
necessary books can be obtained at
the Columbia Theatre. Meeting at
8 p.m. Questions and discussion
after the address.
WORRY 1
Soldiers March'Through
Strata Singing "The
International"
France Finds It Cannot
Rely on Its Workera
for War
(Translated from the French Press
by Mary Reed)
A halt has come In the French
mobilization of the class of '19.
Little haa been said about lt In the
capitalist press, except for an obscure dispatch here and there stating that the order for demobilization has fceen accompanied by i
project for a sedition law which
will make lt a crime to publish
any anti-militarist .nrtiele, and
containing severe repressive measures against Communist 'propaganda.
It Is not necessary to read
French Communist papers to
realise what this means. French
Imperialism has gQt a scare. The
diary of mobilisation events which
"L'Humanite" has been publishing
tells how lt was done. In town
after town detachments of mobilised soldiers marched through the
streets singing "The International
Troop trains were decorated wtth
the red flag. In one case a soldier
waa arrested for possessing radical
literature, and the men protested
with cries of "Down with the
army! Down with warl Long live
the International!" and refused
service. In other cases where the
food was bad, -or where conditions
were intolerable, the men protested
by refusing to assemble for drill,
and crying "Down with war!" A
captain, tried to review his men—
they sang "The International."
They did the same thing toM. Bar-
thou, Minister of War. The following "regrettable Incident" was described ln the National Bloc paper,
"Le Populatre de Nantes," of May
20: The French flag was hoisted
and the band played "La Marseillaise. Up went the Red Flag, amid
strains of "The International."
At first M. Barthou said that
these songs and cries did not mean
any discontent, but were just, displays of good humor. The demonstrations increased, "however, to
such an extent that the French
government decided lt was time to
'about face." The time hae come
when the French workers will no
longer be tools of .an Imperialist
policy. They would rather run the
risk of being-shot down. It Is not
a question of jailing a few conscientious ojtfectors. The supply of
cannon-fodder Is getting low. Of
course the government can, tunr
elsewhere, for Africa still haa a
good supply. But the fact remains
that lt cannot rely on ItB own
workers—quite an uncomfortable
fact.
What does the French government do? Does it try to win the
workers back ? No—that would be
to destroy the very foundation of
lta existence—exploitation. It Is
the consciousness of this fact which
forces It to resort to the only other
weapon—repression, savagely and
hysterically preparing the* way for
proletarian dictatorship in France.
—The Toiler.
ON LABOR TEMPLE
AN EXPIATION
THE FEDERATIONIST ^ias been published this week
under difficulties. For )ome time the Federationist
has been in reoeipt of the federated Press news service.
For two weeks no service has been received, although it is
mailed dally from Chicago. Every effort has been made to
locate the trouble, but at the time of going to press it has
not been found.
Vires and letters from the Federated Press are to the
effect that the servioe'Has been sent promptly and as usual.
The looal postal authorities can give no explanation, although Mr. Harrison, the postmliter, has endeavored to
locate the trouble, and is still dealing with the matter.
While we have suspicions, it is impossible to make charges
without the proof, and so that our readers may have the
news without delay arrangements have been made with
the Federated Press tb forward all future news services
by registered mail. By this method we shall be able to
trace any missing issues oil the service and locate the
reason for its non-delivery. 'Under the circumstances we
crave the indulgence of our readers, and at the same time
assure them that the fault in no way rests on the officials
of the company. The nigger in the woodnile will no doubt
be discovered later.
-..■■.■.,-,■:■■.-.-.■*■.*■**
O* B. Ue General Workers
Admits Many New
Members      J ,
At the regular meeting of the
General Workers Unit of the O. B.
U., held on Wednesday night, a
letter from Prince George was read,
In which J. Mclnnis of Prince
George, who at one time was Socialist member in the Provincial
House for Grand Forts, was
charged with endeavoring to
have wages cut In the carpenter trade in Prince George.
The letter inlmated that Mclnnis is
a contractor, and thnt a pulp mill
Is to be built at Prince Goorge in
the near future, nnd that MctmiM
has (on two occasions, endeavored
to induce the employers to re'ilub'o
the wfigtH of carpenters. No action
was taken other than to request
tlir.t1 mention be ma.^p In Tlio l;Vd-
crationlet, for tne Information ot
tlie workers. ,
The Trades Council delogatos roported that a substantial prod? bad
been made on the dances held In
the hall, and that the flrst dividend
/roin the liquidation of the Labor
■^Temple Company had been mnde,
the council's shure amounting to
over $1300.
Several dues paying members
were admitted, and a number of
unemployed were a)»o admitted to
membership.
The Library committee reported
that difficulty had been encountered In securing racks and equipment,
such articles not being on sale In
the city.
HEN MUST WORK JO EAT
AND BE RESPECTABLE
IN WORKERS REPUBLIC
t
Soviet Russia Solving Problems That Capitalism
Forced on It—Keynote of Government Is That
Workers Alone Can Hold Positions of Power *
—Soviets Basis of New Order
(Editor's Note:—The following1
is the third of Mr. Foster's
specially-written article. In ■ previous dispatches he told bf the
similarity between, the American
trade unions and the revolutionary
alma of the more determined and
better disciplined Russian peasants
and wor kern.)
By WILLIAM Z. FOSTER.
(Copyright," 1M1, by The Fed
erated Press).
MOSCOW.—A visitor to Russia
even though rich, would
flnd it almost Impossible to
live by his own resources. This
Is because, all the Industries of the
country are nationalized; and only
those people who work (or who
have been extended hospitality by
the government) are permitted to
use them. This Is a workers' republic and the open sesame, to
everything Is to be cred,entialed as
a producer; .Without that one It
lost. Money 'Is practically value-,
less, not becauae people hav* lost
faith In thf. government, but because money has little or no function under Communism. . Tou
cannot buy anything 'substantial
with lt. A visitor trying to get
along alone would be unable to
go to a hotel because they are
all owned and controlled by the
government. Nor could he "eat at
a restaurant, since there is none;
all the workers and visitors being
assigned to the eating-places In
their factories, homes and hotels.
He could not buy himself clothes—
the making of garments haa been
nationalised . and the apportionment Is ln the hands of the
workers' government. He ..would
be unable to buy a newspaper, as
they are given only to workers
in the shops. . He could not go to a
theatre, because the seats are not
A General Workers Unit of the
O. B. U. has been formed In Brooklyn, N. Y„ amidst great enthusiasm
for the now form of rank and file
unionism which eliminates official
Interference and puts the power
Into tho hands of the workers. Ben
Legrec, general executive board
member of the O. B. U. ln the
United States, spoke at a preliminary mass meeting there this week,
and assisted In the work of organizing a strong unit Jn this Important centre,
South Vancouver Workers
Ask Some Pertinent
Questions
No More Work on Relief
for Those Who Are
Unemployed
The presence of Colonel Cooper,
M. P., at the meeting of the South
Vancouver unemployed, held ln the
Municipal Hall last Monday, creat"
ed more than a little interest, and
when the question of the government spending a quarter of a mil-.
Hon dollars In sending a few men
to jail was brought to the attention
of the member, and he refused to
discuss lt, the'excitement was Intense, and the audience showed
considerable hostility.
The committee appointed to Interview* Commissioner Gillespie,
with the idea of having more work
opened up, reported at length. The
gist of the report was that there
were not sufficient pipes to. carry ou
tho work of installing sewers for
Commercial drive, and that there
was not enough money to carry on
more work. The commissioner,
however, stated that If the Provincial government granted the money
asked for, then road work would
be opened up. The comn.lssioi.or
also Informed the delegation that
relief would be cut off au from the
16th of this month.
It was also reported that Secretary Prlet-tly had been reinstated in
his position at the Municipal Hull,
one delegate In reporting on the Interview, pointed out that just prior
to the representatives of the unemployed seeing the commissioner,
members of the ratepayers association emerged from tho commissioner's ofllce. They lookod pleased, he
stated, nud as the unemployed representatives also looked pleased on
coming from tho same place, he
slated that this was au evidence of
the high diplomatic achievements
of those in control.
At this point, Colonel Cooper was
called on to address tho meeting.
He opened by stating that he had
not come to niakc a speech, and
could not tell the unemployed of
South Vancouver why they were
out of work, or how long they
would remain out. Continuing, he
stated that he had gathered from
what had bcen said that relief
would be cut off on tho 15th.
(Continued on page 3)
for sale. In Russia in order to go
to a show one gets his ticket from
the aeeretary of his labor union,
each lecretary being allotted a
pro-rata ahare of teats from all
the theaters. •
No Work No Food
It la conceivable, of course, that
our rich visitor might be able lo
beat the communistic system temporarily in these daya of revolution by dealing with the speculators in foodstuffs and other
necessities, and sleeping wherever
he could. But at best he would
lead a precarious existence and
would probably flnd lt convenient
to go tb some other country where
the workers pluck more easily
than they do in Russia. TI*e
government doea not say that you
have to work; It merely says that
if yon do not Work you cannot
have the benefit of the Industries.
With the, workers' government
the reaaon for existence of retail,
stores has departed and practically
all of them have closed their doors; |
To see the thousands of stores of
every description nailed up tight
is one of the sights of Russia.. The
famous Nevsky Prospect of Petrograd, with its hundreds of formerly
rich shops, now boarded up, is a
spectacle to make, a. petty-hour- ■
geols weep tears of anguish, Al- -
most the only stores open are those
controlled by the state; although,
by virtue of a recent law, amall
trading Is allowed and one. may
purchase, at fabulous-prices, odds
and ends from the peddlers and
speculators.
Just now Russia Is suffering
from a tremendous shortage bf -
necessities, because of the terrible
Imperialist and civil wars. But
such as tbe stores and services aru
they are placed absolutely free at
the disposal of the workers. If
you want to take a railroad Journey you apply to the secretary of
your union, who not .only arranges
for the necessary lay-off but also
for the ticket, which ls free, To
ride on the street-cars all that is
necessary ls to show your work- _
ing card. There are no fares, nor
can non-workers ride. To mall
a letter you just drop It tn the box,
no stamp being required.
In such a social system of applied Communism, where all the
luxuries and necessities are equitably divided among the workers,
money, as I said above, ls virtually useless. In fact, many of the
workers here go for months without a bit ln their pockets. Nor do
they need It, except for such
articles as the government does
not handle yet. If there are any
quantities of substantial products
to be had the government deals
them out free, anyhow. On the
train with me coming into Russia
were several revolutionary refugees from Esthonia. They threw
(Continued on page 8)
I
Workers   Delegates »See
Game of Passing.
the Buck
On Wednesday morning, the unemployed delegation appointed by
the meeting held on Monday night,
along with Col, Cooper, M. P., waited on Commissioner Gillespie, of
South Vancouver. Those present
were regaled by as pretty a piece
of political humbug'as could be
wished to bc seen by any one outside of a lunatic nsylum.
Colonel Cooper pointed out that
the care of the unemployed devolved on the municipality, and as ihe
municipality of South Vancouver
was a ward of the province, on the
Provincial authorities.
Commissioner Gillespie considered that he had done all that he
could do, and that the Provincial
and Federal authorities should get
together and sec what could be
done for the coming winter.
Onc of the delegates asked lf the
relief could not be extended past
the ICth of the month. Commissioner Gillespie replied "no." Provincial authorities have cut off any
further donations. The questioner
also asked If the work of grading
the roads enst of Victoria road
could not bc carried on; the reply
wns that there was no money for
this work.
Commissioner Gillespie threw
somewhat of a bomb into the gathering when he stated that if thtt
Dominion government can conscript
men, then lt should care for them
wben they were starving, and that
(Continued on page 3)
M"«-» |iitHii«n|ii|M|i,|„»  Hill  |n»i
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
804 FENDER STREET  WEST
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MONDAY—Piledrivers.
WEDNESDAY—Trndes nnd Lnbor Council.
THURSDAY—Plasterers^ Helpers and Workers Council.
FRIDAY—Women's Auxiliary.
SATURDAY—Danee, 9 to 12.
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*<J P\GBTWP
THIRTEENTH YEAR.    NO. 2T
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Unity of Labor: The Hopo of the Worll
..July 15, 1921
WHILE, ostensibly, President Harding has called a conference to discuss the question of armanjents, and the
President of the United States is looked
upon with favor because of his actions, it
should not be ovcr-
WHY THE looked that President
CONFERENCE Wilson was also looked
WAS CALLED upon as a world savior,
aud very shortly afterwards was discredited along with hia
fourteen points. On the face of it, President Harding has only two points, the
one given most prominence being that of
disarmaments. Secret diplomacy of the
past should, however, without any further
evidence, warn the people that all is
not seen when diplomats are busy. Other
indications are in existence, which, on examination, would go to show that the disarmament question is only a blind for th*
real reason for the powers getting together. Those reasons are to be found in
the east and the- development of China,
along with the lack of opportunities for
the investment of capital in the countries
affected.
* # ♦
Great Britain and Japan have been dis-
cusing the question of renewing the alliance that has been in existence for a considerable time. The renewal of that alliance has been delayed, and delayed at
the request of the United States, not as
suggested because of the words of the
overseas premiers. Premier Meighen has
been loud in his opposition to the renewal
of the treaty. In fact he has been credited
with being instrumental in having the
conference of the powers called. This may
not be as far from the truth as many
people imagine. We have on previous occasions called attention to the fact that
Premier Meighen acts at the behest and
call of Wall Street, and his active opposition to the renewal of the Anglo-Japanese
alliance may well have been the result of
the pressure of the United States financiers, who, without any question of doubt,
control the government of this eountry
through financial operations.
* * •
Back of the United States opposition to
any renewal of the alliance between Great
Britain and Japan, lies, an economic cause.
This economio condition is brought about
by the development of the capitalistic
system itself. There is little opportunity
for remunerative-investment today outside of the far east, and particularly
China. Naturally, with Great Britain and
Japan in close alliance, American interests
are somewhat jeopardized. This is a condition that a nation such as the United
States, and which is today the supreme
and dominant capitalist country, cannot
allow to go by without protest. Each of
the three nations mentioned is concerned
in securing new avenues of investment,
due to the fact that their own countries
leave little if auy room for the expansion
of capital. Japan would appear to bo
well on the way to control North China,
while Great Britain is doing all that is
possible to control the south of that country, and the United States also seeks an
entry for its surplus capital for investment. Naturally each nation is jealous of
thc other and in this is to be found the
real reason for the calling of the conference and the delay in the renewal of the
Anglo-Japanese alliance.
* *       a
It is the old struggle being carried on,
the struggle for economic predominance
between different sections of the ruling
class, and only if these powers can come
to an agreement on. the exploitation of
China will the disarmament question be
discussed. This will in effect mean that
the three great powers interested in exploiting China will be pledged to prevent
the interference of other nations in their
schemes, and at that they will be watching one another like a cat watching a
mouse. But it may be asked why all this
interest in the exploitation of a backward
country like China. The answer lies in
the fact that there is no other country
which offers such a fruitful field for investment. It is the only great country that
capitalism has not as yet exploited, and
stands even more ready for development
on capitalistic lines and with less trouble
than docs Mexico.
* » *
Japan has already   been   accused   of
playing the Hun game; that is, her penetration into China is resented.   To the
capitalist nations China looks  liko the
land of Caanan.   It is to them the land
flowing with milk and honey, the honey
producers being the hordes of Chinese
workers who as yet have not, and never
will under capitalism, attain the standard
of living of the workers in capitalistic
countries.  As   expressed  by  the  vice-
president of the Chinese-American Bank
of Commerce, "The future of China lies
in its labor situation."   Its labor situation is tersely expressed in the following
information supplied by the Chinese Government bureau of economic information:
Thc Yu Yuan Spinning and Weaving Co., established in 1916  with a
capital of $3,500,000.   When it was
started, it possessed 50,000 spindles
of American make, and in 1920, 100,-
000 more were added.   The value of
its premises, material, nnd machinery
is stated to be $3,000,000.   There are
1,400 workmen, who arc usually paid
between $0.30 and $0.40 per day.
th "    If. • ■ '   Sf.
With a limited market, which has in the
past been supplied by the capitalistically.
developed nations, the industrial development of China by outside capital means
that other countries to be able to compete with the products of the Chinese
workers must come down to the standard
of living of the Chinese workers. It majr
be true that as the system develops in
China that some increase may be made in
the standard of living due to necessity
caused by the intensified effort that capitalistic production compels the workers to
make. Chinese workers, however, will not
reach the standard that has been the lot
of the American workers. In other words,
the nation that can produce commodities
with labor at 40 cents per day will of
necessity and economic advantage capture
the market. The capture of that market
is the aim of the capitalistic class of all
nations. They care not whether it be
Chinese, British or American labor that is
employed, and only think of profits. Their
patriotism begins and ends with the source
of their plunder. When the workers realize
this they will cease to have any interests
bnt those that are determined by the welfare of an international slave class that
is exploited by an international ruling
class, and their interests will be best
served by the abolition of the system that
makes one man master and millions his
slaves. In this and this alone is thcir
hope for the world's workers. Disarmaments, capitalistic alliances and schemes
can only bring greater misery to those
who have produced the wealth of the
world. In the ownership of the means by
which wealth is produced is the solution
of all working class problems. To that
end the workers must and will, because of
necessity, bend their efforts.. All other
endeavors are in vain and will bring only
disillusionment and despair.
THE petit bourgeoise of the different
nations that are to confer on the question of a curtailment of armaments, are
now rejoicing. The burden of taxation
which has oppressed them to such an extent that life seemed
THE QUESTION almost unbearable,
OF would  appear about
DISARMAMENT to be lifted. Life,
however, is full of disappointments, and their fond hopes may
yet be dispelled by circumstances and
conditions over which they have no control. No matter how the conference may
go, the fact remains that the United
States is now the supreme power. Great
Britain's boasted supremacy over the
seas has become so costly that its ruling
class can no longer bear the burden, and
any relief through a disarmament agreement would be more than acceptable at
this time. The United States is in a position
to carry on long enough to bring the now
dominant military and naval powers to
their knees. This fact is well known to
those least able to bear the burden of increasing armaments, hence the desire on
their part for a policy of curtailment in
naval and military expenditures.
*        •        •
Governments are not, however, independent. They are subjeet to those that
make and unmake them. The great powers at this date, and age are the financial
and industrial magnates. Steel is king.
It is king of more than most people
would imagine. On the steel industry
mueh depends. Curtail the production of
this commodity, and all other subsidiary
industries must suffer in a like ratio. It
will have been noticed by observant
people that during the war the steel ring
was international. The fact that steel
manufacturers were of different nationalities did not deter them from dealing in
munitions of war and supplying the
enemy with the products of their factor?
ies. Profits which were made in French
steel industries were turned over to the
German shareholders after the war was
over, and profits made in similar occupations in Germany were handed over to
French shareholders, and even British
gun manufacturers paid royalties to the
firm of Krupps for patents which that
company owned, and which were used on
British guns during those days of
slaughter.
•      •      •
Another aspect of the situation is that a
general curtailment of armaments would
increase the unemployed problem. Those
workers now occupied in the producing of
battleships and other destructive forces—
and it is not Only thoae that are actually
engaged on the ship or munitions alone
that would be affected, but all thoso who
are engaged in subsidiary industries—
would feel the effect. The ever-growing
army of unemployed would be increased
by any curtailment of waste whioh capitalism is responsible for, and the production of destructive machines is wasted
effort. Outside of the fact that their pro-
(faction gives numbers of slaves a job,
nothing is gained by the human family by
their creation. Having arrived at the con-
elusion that the intorests that are. bound
up in the production of war materials will
have something to say on this question,
and that the curtailment of those engines
of destruction would throw millifins of
workers out of work, the petit bourgeoise
can come to the conclusion that the burden of taxation that they are called upon
to bear will not be lightened.- If the naval
programmes are curtailed, they will have
to pay the same taxes to care for the unemployed and in providing state doles;
and if the programme is not curtailed, and
the mad scramble for supremacy of the
seas continue, the burden will at least remain static if it does not increase, and no
matter whieh way they turn, the prospects are indeed dismal. The workers can
take all the satisfaction that they oan
out of the situation, but the fact remains
that disarmament or increased naval and
military expenditures are none of thcir
business, as neither will givo them freedom. The only thing that will do that
is the elimination of the proflt system
which makes their burdens, sends them to
the battlefields in their masters' interests
and starves them to death in the midst
of plenty. Verily, the workers have'more
to think about than their masters'
troubles which have developed with the
system that gives them their profits, and
disarmament is only one of them,  Then
are others that are more momentous if'
tbey only realized it.
THE Vancouver Daily Sun, whose
effulgent rays more or less illuminate
the breakfast tables of Vancouver citizens,
has for some reason taken a bitter dislike
to the Oliver Government, which it'aided
in electing. Arising'out
THE FREE of the campaign which
UNFETTERED this publication ip.'CM-
PRESS Tying on against the
government is a libel
suit started by Mr. Chas. E. Campbell,
who has recently sold his warehouse to
the Government Liquor Board, and
bought the Vancouver Daily World. We
do not know whether the two deals are
in any way connected, and care less. Mr.
Campbell, however, has sought to restrain
the Sun from commenting on the matter
connected with the libel suit pending the
trial. As a result of this, the Sun on
Thursday morning published an editorial
on "The Free, Unfettered Press," the
opening sentence of which is as follows:
"When the press of this country loses its
freedom the British Empire will cease to
exist." Little did we dream that the empire was so near extinction, and that the
only thing that kept it in existence was a
few working-class publications.
The Sun goes on to say:
"The sovereign right of every man
to his own opinion is the first axiom
of liberty.   The   free   exchange   of
opinion   stimulates    thought,    and
thought is the foundation stone of
civilization and life itself."
It is hardly necessary for us to comment on the abovo.   In view of the attitudo of the Sun in the pa:t we can only
wonder at the gall of tbe individuals who
wrote it and are responsible for its publication.  Vancouver workers might, however, take note of the statement as to freedom, and remember it in the future when
the Sun has reached that stage of f orget-
fulness >hich those in control of capitalistic sheets are so often afflicted with. Incidentally we did not know that thought
figured so largely in the editorial sanctum
of the Sun, but we live and learn.
Judging from the way the workers act
in various countries, the conditions must
be very similar. .Late news on Thursday
to the effect that Japanese shipyard
workers have struck in thousands would
indicate that even in the East labor
troubles exist. China, which is now being
developed" along capitalistic lines, will no
doubt supply a large number to that
pesky army of Bolsheviki workers, ."
——^^——       .■ ,t.
"Soviet tystem is a failure," says a;
press headline. From the article that fol-;
lowed we gathered that the Soviet system
is a failure because a number of workers
could not make an aeroplane factory pay,
when called upon by the employees to
form a profit sharing regime. Incidentally, the firm was in difficulties before it
called on its workers to share the profits
that were not being made.
SCOUNDRELS OF THE PEN ^
AND PIRATES OF THE PRESS
AN EXPOSURE OF "THE TIMES"
The Chief Rabbi of the Hebrews of the
British Empire, while in Vancouver, made
a statement which one local newspaper
has concluded will live. The statement
was "The British Empire was not built
on machine guns." Apart from the fact
that machine guns were not in everyday
use during the days the British Empire
was being built and oven unknown, no
^pire was ever built on anything but
slave labor. The part that machine guns
will play will be demonstrated later when
that slave class kicks over the traces, and
in fact has already shown signs as to its
effectivenes in recent industrial troubles
the world over.
One optimist still lives in spite of all
the hard times.   Herbert Hoover,  who
attempted to feed Europe after the war
was over and failed, thinks good times are
in sight. Labor is more efficient, says this
great thinker., We suppose that is due to
the fact that those who are working are
afraid that if they do not deliver the
maximum that they will   be   decorated
with the order of the can.  As an indication of the returning good times,, he says1:
"Farmers   are  putting  in  mora  .
efforj than for ten years.   The crops
this time will be the cheapest for ten
' years.    The   farmers  are   working,
longer hours, using old machinery aa
much as possible, and buying less.  As
a result, the cost of living will come
down for othors in industry."
No doubt the farmers   are   delighted
with the prospects, and to make them still
brighter will work the entire 24 hours.
Work harder, consume leus, is surely an
alluring picture for both   farmers   and
workerB.   Such are the  good  times in
store for workers under capitalism.
It is quite evident that someone is very
interested in starting an anti-Asiatic campaign for some sinister purpose. Articles
are appearing in the press from time-'to
time, picturing the Asiatic living in luxury, while white workers are starving.
Could we transport our readers to Asiatic
countries we could no doubt demonstrate
that there are white people living in those
lands who are living in luxury and do not
even work or pretend to. That, however,
is a horse of another color. The same
press that carries on a campaign, which
is likely to engender racial hatred, jn
order to draw the attention of the workers from the real cause of their unemployment, will give front page space to any
news item concerning the rich and influential residents who are of Asiatic birth.
The hypocrisy of the attitude of the so-
called free and unfettered press of this
country is so patent that even jobless
slaves should stop and think, before they
allow themselves to have their passions
aroused by such influences. No more jobs
will be created if a few Asiatics aro
killed in- a race riot, and it can very well
be assumed that the property rights of
the rich and influential Asiatics will be
protected to the limit by those who now
wish to lay the blame for unemplyment
on the Asiatic population that they themselves were no doubt instrumental in
bringing to this country, Capitalism,
not Asiatics, is responsible for unemployment
(By Pavlovitchan-Veltman)      «
THB trade agreement concluded
between Soviet Russia and
Oreat Britain has roused considerable indignation among the reactionary circles in capitalist countries, which are opposed to abandoning the blockade of Russia, and
the support of the Russian counter.
revolutionary element! which are
conducting a campaign against the
Soviet government both ln Russia
and abroad. We know that a number of forged documents have recently appeared in the European
press giving evidence to mass risings that were alleged to have taken place In Soviet Russia. We
know also that a certain Semenoft
Ib preparing to publish forged documents, which It will be alleged
were exchanged between the Oerman headquarters Btaff and the Bolshevik leaders. This collection of
apocryphal documents has been enriched by the addition of another,
the contents of which eiposes the
shameless lying and ths unpardonable stupidity of Its real authors.
Tha document is an invention from
beginning to snd. Ths moral degradation to which ths modern
bourgeois press has sunk can bs
Judged by the fact that a respect
able bourgeois newspaper like the
Times, publishes this "document"
as an official circular Issued by ths
Soviet government.
The Times is extremely displeased with ths raising of the blockade
of Soviet Russia and ths conclusion
of ths Anglo-Russian agreement.
In order to provide a weapon for
the enemies of Soviet Russia, who
are conducting a campaign ln England in favor of breaking the treaty
with Russia, and for the purpose of
preventing France, America, Italy
and other capitalist countries from
concluding similar agreements, the
Times ascribes the authorship of
this forged dooument to the writer
of these lines as "chairman of the
Council of Action and Propaganda
among the peoples of the East,"
and the alleged Instructions to the
political and trade missions abroad
it ascribes to Comrades Bukharln
and Berzln, as members of the executive committee of the Communist
International. As the above-men*-
Honed apocryphal circular together
with the comments of the Times,
have been reproduced In a number
of bourgeois newspapers and serve
the Interests of the enemies of Soviet Russia, they must not be passed by In silence.
"According to the trade agreement concluded Vith England,"
writes the Times, *the Soviet government undertook to refrain from
conducting propaganda outside of
Russia against the British government. The documents which we
publish, containing instructions to
.the Russian political and trade
'missions on their co-operation In
the revolutionary movements In for.
eign states, proves'to what extent
the Soviet government Intends to
carry out Its obligations." Then
follows ths text of ths document,
of which ws produce the main features:
|   "Instructions to trade delegates:
"In order to achieve International revolution and the overthrow of
the capitalist system, It la essential
that the following Instructions shall
be strictly and conscientiously carried out:
1. Trade relations must always
serve the Interests of the Communist propaganda of the Third International.
The chief task of trade missions
Is the sowing of discontent among
troops and the organizations of
strikes and disorders. . . In the
event of strikes arising, grants
should be made to strikers In order
to prolong the strike, to create economic complications In all countries
and In this manner, rouse a social
revolution.
2. All efforts must be directed
to the organization of Communist
parties.
3. Everything must be done ln
order to bribe the press.
4. One of the most important
functions of the delegates should be
to organize Communist groups
amongst soldiers and seamen. These
groups will conduct an energetic
propaganda In favor of the organization of soldier and Seamen's
councils as well as conduct a remorseless persecution qf officers.
5; To organize workers' councils.
These councils must bear a military
character and aim at the seizure of
power and the dictatorship of the
proletariat.
6. Particularly strong propaganda must be conducted for the
armlhg of tbe proletariat and the
organisation of cadres of the revolutionary army.
7. An agitation must be carried
on amongst- the troops to refuse to
return their arms to the authorities. The mottoes of propagandists
must be: International Soviet Republic- War against capltaliat war!
Soldiers desert the front! Down
with bourgeoia parliaments! Long
tive the Soviet! Oovernment of the
workers! . Factories, workshops,
mines and railways must belong to
the workers! Down with the employera and profiteers!   .   .   .
8. The idea must be widely propagated of the concentration of all
'economic and Industrial undertakings In the hands of the working
.class.
1 9. One must not hesitate to fab.
rlcate and spread rumors of approaching wars. It la necessary to
adopt alt measures to prevent the
organization of a white guard. The
resort to terrorist acta Is not prohibited.
10. All demonstrations should
he organized. Separatist organizations must not be permitted under
any circumstance:.. Soviet revolutionary staffs must be properly or
ganized.
1 Sgd.) N. BUKHARIN and I. BER
AEZIN,
, Members of the Executive Committee of the Third International
PALOVITCH-V ELTMAN,
Responsible Dlrectoi of Oouncll
of Action and Propaganda of Eastern Peoples.
This "document," which was first
published In the most Influential
English bourgeois newspapers and
reproduced ln the whole of the In
ternatlonal capitalist press, lnclud.
ing the "syndicalist" newspapers of
the notorious social patriot and ron-
cgade Marhelm, Is a pure Inven
tlon from beginning to end. The
apocryphal character of thla circu
lar ls aeen Immediately from the
signatures beneath lt.
With regard to my signature, I
declare ln the first place, and this
Is known to all, that I have never
(been    "Responsible   Director"   or
'"Chairman of the Council of Action
and Propaganda of Eastern Peoples," for the reason that this council did not have a chairman. I waa
a member of the Presidium and re*
presentatlve of the Communist International of. the Council, therefore I would never sign myself "Responsible Director" or "Chairman
of the Council of Action." Secondly, aB far back as December, 1920,
I was relieved, "at my own request,
from work on this Council of Action, which had its headquarters ln
Baku, and from that time I have
been in Moscow, where I am work"
Ing ln the Peoples Commissariat
for Nationalities as a member of
the collegiate and superintendent of
the eastern department. Consequently I could not have signed myself "Director" or "Chairman of the
Council of Action of Eastern Peoples," which body I left In December, 1920, ln a document published
after the 1st March, 1921. Thirdly, my signature as "Chairman of
the Council of Action of Eastern
Peoples" affixed to a document containing instructions exclusively affecting western nations ls obviously
out of place.
Thla particularly reveala the
carelessness with which this apocryphal document was drawn up,
The author, of course, counted on
the stupidity of his readers.
The falsity of thla document Ib
proved also by the second signature
that of "Berzln" (Berezln). Comrade Berezin ceased to be a member of the executive council of the
Communist International more
than a year ago, and consequently
he could not have signed that document. Only the signature ot Comrade Bukharln now remains. Com"
rade Bukharln Is our best theoretician, and he certainly would not
have drawn up or have signed such
a stupid document, quite apart from
the fact that the executive committee of tho Third International has
no relations whatever with our
trade missions.
The author of the document ls a
fairly good Jester, Although I left
the Council of Action of Eastern
Peoples In December, 1920, he
nevertheless retains me on that
body in April, 1921, and besides
Eastern affairs he arbitrarily im-
poses~upon me cares of western revolutionary movement.
The author of the document also
compels Comrade Berezln, who was
relieved of hla duties as member
of the executive committee of the
Communist International a year
ago, and is now our ambassador In
Finland, to remain at the former
post and occupy himself with affairs affecting the whole of Europe.
The author knew, however, that the
bourgeois press and the yellow syndicalist press, Indifferent as to the
means which they employ, would
eagerly seize upon his Illiterate and
carelessly drawn up document.
I would say In conclusion that the
Soviet government does not conduct any kind of Machiavellian, pol.
ley, that having concluded peace
treaties vital to the Interests of Soviet Russia, our government therefore would not give any instructions to our commercial representatives, the execution of which
would place a weapon In the hands
of our enemies against ua, and
would lead to the Immediate breach
of commercial treaties which are to
a high degree advantageous to
Russia.
The counter-revolutionary attack
on Soviet Russia has now assumed
a now form—a bacchanalla of most
unscrupulous lying. The document
which we quote ls one of the episodes of thla counter-revolutionary campaign.—The Worker.
SIB PHILIP GIBBS ON WAA
"More passionate than any other
•motion that has stirred me through
life, la my conviction that any man
who has aeen theae things must, if
he has any gift of expression, and
any human pity, dedicate his brain
and heart to the sacred duty of preventing another war like this. A1
man with a pen ln his hand, however feeble lt may be, must use lt
to tell the truth about the monstrous horror, to etoh Its Images of
cruelty into the brains of his readers, and. to tear down the veils by.
which the leaders of the peoples
try to hide Its obscenities.   .   .   .
"There will be no hope of peace
until the peoples of the world recognize their brotherhood and refuse to be led to the shambles for
mutual massacre. If there ls no
hope of that, if, as some students
of life* hold, war will always happen because life Is a continual warfare, and one man only lives at the
expense of another, then there Is
no hope, and all the Ideals of men
striving for the progress of mankind, all the dreams of poets and
the sacrifice of scientists are utterly vain and foolish, and pious men
ahould pray Ood to touch thla planet with a atar and end the folly of
It all."—Bir Philip Olbbs,
Chita—Rosta Wion: The. Republic of the Far East has issued a
manifesto to the whole population
describing the course of events In
Vladivostok. The manifesto discloses the role of the Japanese war
party, who are attempting to hinder
by all means the recall of the
Japanese troops from Siberia. The
government ' expresses the hope
that the whole population will
gather to the standard to free the
land from the counter-revolution-
arles. *
Moscow, June IS.—Rosta Wlen:
The commissary for foreign affairs,
Tchltcherln, has addressed a note
to the British minister for foreign
affairs In which he points out that
the Intended support of the Russian
fugitives by the League of Nations
can only be regarded as'a humanitarian undertaking, so long as it Ib
not tn support of former counterrevolutionary formations who have
not lost their character and who
still stand under their former
leaders. Any support for such formations would ln Russian opinion,
stand very muoh in contradiction to the conditions of the
agreement which has been entered Into by Russia and England.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do eo.
Help for Petrograd
Moacow.—The all-Russian Central Executive has Issued a mani-
fecto to all workers and peasants
of Soviet Russia calling upon them
to come to the assistance of red
Petrograd. Petrograd has splendid
factories which were formerly able
to work for the whole land but
which at present are not able to
carry on owing to lack of food and
fuel. All workers are called upon
to send food and fuel to Petrograd
and to organize relief committees
for the Petrograd workers so that
by meana of thla help Petrograd
can once more become a help to
the whole land.
Dental
Plates a
Specialty
Thi art ef dentistry la #«_spllftt«
Id the highest degree of eftclency al
thli establishment. Clients will fled
the charges ss pleating as the serv.e*
rendered.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dental Art Establishment
_f_C   GRANVILLE   SIREEV,
Ol/O Corner Robson
Over Om Drue Store.   Ser. MM
P. M. Christopher, ol Blairmore,
haa resigned hia position aa mem-'
ber of the general executive board
of ths One Big Union.
f*-mHOME—**
CASH OR
CREDIT
Furniture Store
We want you to come to
this store with confidence
that you can buy Furniture, Carpets and Linoleum at lower prices and
better terms.
No Greater Opportunity
for   Um   Working   Men
Birr IN THIS STORE
REMEMBER THE
HOME
FURNITURE
STORE
416 Main Street
Phone Ser- MM
MENTION IBB FEDEEA-
T-ONIST and fat real 10
par <s_at. dlsc-oat,
Theosophy
PaUle Lectare. SUHDAT BVBNINQ,
July 17, at I e'otock, Beea SS. Duncan
Buudlnf.
Subject: '--. Romance of AUantla."
- Speaker:   w. D. NBWHAB.
Beit Weak
The DOUGLAS DANOEBS
In a New Version ef
"ABTISTS IB MIMATUBE"
 Otter Big Teataiu
REASONABLE PRICES
WORK  GUARANTEED
S. £. Gibson
PAINTER
AND  PAPERHANGER
I'll be on tht JoB myself.
1___—21st Avenue East
Phons Fair. lire
To Readers of
The Fed.
WE WANT TO DRAW TOUB ATTENTION TO OUR
Suit, Hat, Shirt and Shoe
Departments
Our Values Are Pared Down to the Last Oent
We can give yon GOOD  GOOD Bine     th— g\f\
C    $25.00Botsfor   *7-00
OOOD Hats for 83.50
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
Ring np Phono Seymonr MM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite S01 Dominion Building
VANCOUVER, B. a
Model Cafe
ST CORDOVA ST. W.
ALL WRITE HELP
Beet of Food end Serrtce nt
Reasonable Prioes
Union House
Greateit Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
reCalid.
Patronke Pad Advertisers.
OOWAN A BROOKHOUSE
PBHTTBBS, PWJSBBM, SIHBO-
RPBBS AND BOOBBIBDaBS
IIS* HOWE STREET
Union OBelals, wilt, lor ptlaaa,   Wa
(Ira SATISFACTION
UNION MAN!
In that dark kour whan sympathy and beat aervice count ao*
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
aas KINGSWAY, VAHOOUVEB
Phono Fairmont BS
Prompt Ambulance Benin
Phone Bey. Ml      Day or Night
NUNN AND THOMSON
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
531 Homer St, Vancouver, B. C.
HARR0N BROS.
Funeral Director!
and Embahnera
Funerals sf Dignity at Flair
Prices
Falrvlew: Office and Chapel,
illt Oranvlll. Street
Phone Bay 8300.
North Vancouver: Of fie. and'
Chapel, 121 Sixth Kt, W.
Phone N. V. 111.
Mount Pleasant:   Offloe aad
Caapel, 2123 Main Bt
Phon. Fairmont it.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1X10  OMffU  MM*
Bandar ger Tloet, 11 am. ud f JO p.m,
Bnndir school Immediately following
morning ttrrlM, Wednesday testimonial
netting. I p.m. fnt nedlng roost
MI-BOS  Blrts   Bldf.
TBS JTCXT ISSTJ1
Of   THB   ORBATEB   VAH00TF7BB
TBLBPHOHE  DXBEOTOBT
CLOSES OB JULY W, 1H1
"if yon ara contemplating taking
nev service, or'making tny change!
In or additions to your preeent ser*
vice, yon should send notllcatlon, In
writing, not later than the above date,
In order that yoa may takt advantage
of tho nsw directory listings.
BRITISH   COLUMBIA  TBUEFHOBB
OOHFAVY
BB I0BE TOU GET
VAN BROS.
v7H___r TOU ASK TOS
—CIDER-
sad Hon-alcoholl- irises st sll
Unas
UNION   MEN'S   ATTENTION FRIDAT.- .-.:.::...._ uly 16. 1921
thirteenth.year..no.27   THE BRITISH COLUMHiA FEDERATIONIST . vancout
See Me About My
Special Summer Offer
Silvtr or Poroelaln Kllings
•nd X-Ray Diagnosis
AT ONE-HALF PBIOE
You'll be surprised at its low cost—the change in
the condition of your teeth. It's the little defects
that cause the trouble later—start to decay—1
which result in the loss of your teeth when you
let them slip by the time of prevention. Como
in and see me—learn how really low in price half
the regular chargo is.
Prevention
of pain, too.
I can uae "Nerve-Bloc*"
_n«" If you wish It—th.
on. method that entirely
prevents pain, No extra
charge.
Dr. BRETT
ANDERSON
602 HASTINGS ST. W.
Corner Seymonr
PHONE SEYMOUR SSS1
om™ Open Tueaday and Friday
Evenings
DB. BBITT ANDERSON, (snarly aumliar .1 taa Faealty af tke
Oellsae .1 DsatUtrr. Unlnralty ol Southern Csllforala, L.et.r_r
•a Or.wa and Brldf .work, Damoaatl.tor In Fl.tework aad Opera*
tire Dsatlstrr, Loeal aad Oeaaral Aaaestkeela.
Victory Bonds Accepted at Par for Dental Work
EVERY READER CAN HELP
Every Nader of The Federatlonist can render valuable assistance by renewing their eobecrlp-
tlons as soon aa they ar. dm, and
aad by Inducing another worker to
eubecribe.   It does not tak* much
effort to do this.  Try It,
On. dollar and Sfty cents Is the
coat ter a six months subscription
to th. Federatlonist
"Left Wing"
Communism
An Infantile Disorder
(By Nikolai Lenin)
NOW ON SALE BT THE B. 0. FEDERATIONIST
ORGANIZER'S REPORT        '
Called at Hanson's camp on June
SB, collected $89 dues and sold
aome literature. Called at Mc A
Mo'a camp at' Roy on June 28, aold
some literature, but failed to appoint a delegate, although there
was no oppoaltton by the boas to
the holding of meetings. June 24,
held a meeting at Undines camp,
Beaaborough Bay, aold some literature and a delegate waa elected.
—June 25, held a meeting at Du-
maresq'a eamp, and aold aome
literature.. There la a delegate In
thla camp. June 26, ordered out
of Wilaon A Brady'a camp at Reld
Bay by a alave driver, and waa
forced to hold a meeting on the
beach ln the rain; could not get'any
action aa only ten men out of
crew of 40 or 60 showed up.
Ordered out of Bendlokaon's
camp on June 27, and attempted to
hold a meeting on the beach, but
failed. There Is only th. rigging
crew left In this camp, and th.y
will b. finished In about a week,
I did not take in Grassy Bay, the
Lapan Co.'s camp at Jackson Bay,
or P. B. Anderson's camp at Knox
Bay, aa I underatand they ar. closing down shortly. Held vary suo-
ceaaful meeting at Orford Bay and
Elk Bay, and delegatea were elected
at both places. I called In again
at Rock Bay on my way down, and
wa. Informed by the superintendent that he did not allow th. men
to hold meetinga or elect delegatea,
but had no objections to thom Bending their dues down or. receiving
papera, which was a very aubatan-
tial contribution to th. democracy
that wa fought for.
M. P. K.
Price: Single Copies 25c
Ten or mon copies at tho rato of 20e per oopy, portage
paid.  Oet yonr orders in quick, aa there will not
be a seoond edition.
fat Treaty Years wa save leased tkla Vain staap far aaa ular aar
VOLUNTARY  ARBITRATION CONTRACT
OUB STAID IM6UMI:
Peaceful OalleetM Bargalalag I .1
rerbMa lots Strlk.. aadLeataats
Btapatas Settled by ArUtraUea
SMadr Bmploymeal ud Sklllsd Worktseaohlf
_ le Dealers aad FaMle
ra. Md Siccus u w.r.si. aad BaaUrere
rnspsrity el thee Hskisg 0.aura__(__s
Aa loyal aalaa sua aad wanes, we aak
KU SeanaS as.ee. kearlag  Ilia  abets
aa Staap aa Sola, laaola er Ualag.
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
MS SUMMER STREET, BOSTON, MAS*.
ColB. lowly, Oeaaral Prealdeat.   Chirm s_ Balsa, Oeaersl Sto-Trcs,,
Itssh Oat nowsts, Funeral Designs, Wsddtec Bouquets, Pot Plants
Ornamental snd Shads trass, Reeds, Bulbs, Ploitsts' aundiies
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AMD NT_MB«Tl__n.
I—8T0BE8-1
tt Hsstings attest East 7SS OraaTtUs BtrsM
Seymour 011-171 Seymonr HIS
OBIOB HABB
The [M.T.l Loggers' Boot
Hall areata serseaaRr alteadad te
Guaranteed ts Hold Caulk, and An Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS * SON
OS CORDOVA STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, a a
Next Door to Loggers' Hsll
Phone Seymonr BU  . Repairs Dono While Tou Wall
Easy Shaving
Gillette or Auto Strop Safety Baeors make the daily
Shave easier.
We have a splendid line of both makes in many designs,
priced from $5.00 to $7.50 each.
TISDALLS LIMITED
Ths Complete Sporting Ooods Stor.
61* HASTINOS ST. W. PHONE SEYMOUR 8153
NOW ON SALE AT ALL GOVERNMENT VENDORS
STORES Df BRITISH COLUMBIA
. ^ 'The Beer Wlthont a Pee.-'
This is the same quality Beer as we brewed in pre-war
days, and is the finest Beer on the market today.
INSIST ON HAVING
CASCADE BEER
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Lumber Workers'
H    News and Views
Moved and seconded: '.That we
atand solidly for an 8-hour day,
and advocate th. use ot every poa-
aible meana at the disposal of the
membership to curtail production
in the event of the Loggere Association attempting to inaugurate a
longer work day."
After a spirited discussion, the
meeting expressed itself as being
unanimoualy in favor of aome plan,
being worked out whereby the ofll-'
clal paper could be put on a permanent baala, and waa ln favor of
an assessment of |2 or |3 a mem
ber for that purpoae.
Chass Cree)_ Lumber Co.
The workera have a hard time
getting their wages from this outfit,
Some have not been paid alnoa last
March. Ther. Is no regular payday. The majority of the men here
are homesteaders, and are receiving part payment in lumber; wagea,
40 cents an hour; 9-hour day, meala
40 centa. No bath houae, and a
peraon haa to either bath, in the
oreek or walk three miles to town
to.pay a Chink 50 centa for a bath.
The bunk-houae amella like a hogpen; 16 double bunka and prairie
hay to sleep on; no aprlngs, no mattress, no lamps, and no bull cook;
enamel dlahaa ln the cook houae,
and the only eating utenalls are a
bowl or plates for all purpoaes.
Tours for solidarity,
F. P.
Campbell's Camp, Cardero Channel
Queations Nos. 1 and i, submitted
by coaat executive, concurred ln.
Queatlon No. 8 amended to read
ln the- event of Queatlon No. 1 not
carrying In the campa, 'That only
nominationo from camps to be considered for official positions to be
submitted to referendum."
It waa decided by vote to send
for a aupply of literature atampa.
Slaters
QUALITY
SERVICE
FREE
DEUVERY
Fresh Meat Dept.
X.. 1 sts.r F.t Roasts, tram, !e...l0o
Me.   1   St..r   Otsb   Boaat.   psr
pound llViO
Ha. 1 Steer Boiling eBef, ptr I-...S.
Tk. Vary Best Bonoloil Bollsd BossU,
psr lb.    -SOe
SPBOIAL
Sister remona Pork Shoulders,
welf-ins treat 4 to B lta.—Regular 10a lb, spsolsl, lb. t0Y,e
Provision Dept.
Bliter'i Blleed Atretic? Bnoon, Ib.-SSe
BUter'l SliaMd Streeky Beoon, lb....0c
Slatsr's Bllesd Streak? Beeon, lb...46c
Slater's SHotd Ayrehlre Brood, ptr
lb  46o
Slater's Sliced Boneleii Bell, lb...S5o
EXTBA SPBOIAL
Slater's Smoked Fictile Hans,
welghlaf from 5 to 8 lbi. Reg.
SOe lb   Special, lb. asy.o
Nothing nicer (or boiling, te man
roar eindwichee.
BAOOM   BAOOH   BAOOtf
Slater's Famona Streak?   Baton,   in
half or whole alabs.   Beg. 45e lb.,
fritter and Saturdar. ttvJSttt
LABD 8PB0IAL
Barns' Flneet Shamrock Pnrt   Lard,
no finer lard aold.    Beg. SSt lb.,
Saturdar,  •** ig«
Grocery Dept.
Sliter'i Bed Label Tea, lb 4B«
Nabob, the Terr beet Tea, lb...8Bc
Fin*   Ptathes,   larga   Uu,   per
tin 25c
Del Mont* Peaehei, per tln....SOo
Gold Bar Pears, per tin _.........80o
Finest Brvuwlck Sardinea, tln.Sc
Fine Salmon, A tlm ftr ___.._„..._.-«
Fineit Potted Heats, S Uu ....96a
Olsrk'a Potted Meat, per Un....l0e
Holbrook'i Custard Powder ....18c
Bird's Ouitard Powder, large tlni
for  .-~-.__.40c
Fineit New Spndi, 0 lbs. for....2Be
Slater's
Four Big Stores
__8 Hsstlnis (Hssd one.) s.y. 3262
830 OranvUle Strsst Say. SOS
32S0 Mala Street ralr. 1083
West Bud Market  (Oer. Onto and
Orsnrllls) Ssy. 6HB
Camp B. Kwatna
Th. old delegate realgned, and a
new one was elected to take his
place. The aum of $10 waa forwarded to the district offlce for the
purchase of an assorted Hat of
books and pamphlets, and a vote
was taken on th. three queations
aubmltted by th. executive.
DEL. IS
Port Progress, Blunden Harbor
Secretary appointed to deal with
all correspondence outside of delegates' report. Seoretary Instructed
to aak Coast seeretary when the
membership authorised a working
agreement to b. drawn up with th.
I. W. W.
DHL. II.
ReportB hav. also been reoelved
from Toba River, camp A, Kwatna,
Orford Bay and O'Connor's camp,
Bute Inlet, and at tho regular meeting at headquarters on Sunday,
communication was read from the
general secretary of the I. W. W.
ln which it waa stated thst every
effort would be made to bring
about harmonloua relations between
the I. W. W. and the L. W. I. IT. of
C, In order that solidarity may
eventually be brought into being,
A communication waa alao read
trom the O. B. B. of the O. B. U.
asking that a rank and flle committee be appointed or elected to meet
a similar committee from the O.
B. TJ. In order that paat dlfferencea
might be thrashed out and a com'
mon understanding arrived at. A
lengthy discussion ensued, ln whieh
tt waa shown that it :e essential
that the workers must unite, and
tho meeting expressed Its unanimous endorsatlon of the request
contained ln the letter. It can,
therefore, be readily aeen that Influences are at work that will eventually bring about solidarity, and
It la hoped that broad-mindedness
and tolerance wtll prevail, lt it doea,
there are hopes of a brighter future for the workers.
CRANBROOK CONVENTION
Nominations for Officers
Secretary-Treasurer—Fred Bidder being the only nominee, accepted the nomination subjeot to th.'
approval of th. membership.
Nomlnatlona for  dlatrlct  executive board (tour to be elected)—I.
J. Roblnaon, Paul Perry, D. Hagen,!
R. B. Woatenholma, 3. Haglund,
Minute, of the Moeting
Meetings called to order at 10
a.m. Ed Robinson elected to the
chstr.
Correspondence—Moved and seconded that th. corraapondenc. b.
accepted aa read.   Carried.
Auditing oommlttee's report—
Moved and seoonded that the report b. accepted as read.   Carried.
Secretary's reporj.—The secretary gave a genera] report of the
work done during the past half
year. Moved and seconded that
the report be accepted as read with
explanations.   Carried..
Oeneral exeoutlve board member's repprt.—Moved and seoonded
that the report be accepted as read.
Carried.
Delegatea' report — Resolutions
from Camp 4, Yahk, and Springbrook Camp, Wycliffe: That ths
J,. W. I. U, of C. endeavor to make
a harmonious working agreement
with the fellow workera In th.
lumbering industry serosa the line.
Moved and seconded that the above
reaolutlon bs adopted and that
copies be sent to the various
branches, and that the. Bams be
published ln the official organ, and
also In the B. C. Federatlonist.
Carried.
The delegate from Camp 14,
Tahk, gave a verbal report of tho
'conditions, eto. Moved and seoonded that ths report be accepted.
Carried.
Moved and seoonded that w. retain the ua. of the union hall at
the present rental of $69.9- per
quarter, as per the previous agreement.   Carried.
Moved and seconded that the
secretary order 100 copies of th.
B. C. FederationiBt every week.
Carried.
Moved and seoonded that the flnanolal report be published; also th.
general executive membera' report
and the report of E. J. Robinson,
Carried.
Moved and seconded that the
referendum ballots be published ss
early aa possible and sent out to
the various campa. Ballota muat
ba returned to thla office by July
SS, and that C. Ideratrom bs appointed to count the balolts. Car',
rled.
Moved and seconded that ths'
meeting adjourn sins die.   Carried'.
LUMBER     WORKERS'     INDUS-
TRIAL UNION OF CANADA ,'
PRINCE RUPERT BRANCH   .
Referenda
On the Proceedings of the Emergency Convention, held  In  Prince
Rupert on June 28, 1021,
BALLOT
To bs filled out and mailed to the
Secretary, J, H. Burroughs, Box
833, Prince Rupert, B. C, not later
than Auguat 5th, 1021.
Name of voter ._	
File No	
Duaa paid to month of 112....
Last receipt No	
(Members more than three months
In arrears cannot vote.)
For Member of Central Executive
Hoard, h. W. I. U. of O.
(Vote for One)
Doyon, P., Sedgwlok Bay	
McDonald, Hug. A., Sedgwick'Bay
For Members of Branch Exocutive
Board, Prince Kiipci-t
Vote for six.
Brown, Nelson, Breaker Bay	
Burke, A., Sedgwick Bay 	
Men Must Work to Eat ,
and Be Respectable in
•      Workers' Bepublic
t .-.ra
(Continued from page 1)
their money away on crossing the
border, saying that in free Russia
they had no further use for it.
I have been In Moscow a week and
have not a. cent in Rusaia money,
and yet I have been to tbe theatre
several tlmea and otherwise comported myself In an extravagant
manner.
All Hate Honey
' Thero Is a degenerate paper currency in circulation here, but all
the aotlve spirits of th. new society
hate it. They look upon- It aa the
slgnmanual of the enemy, Capital-
Ism, and one of the moat Insidious
weapons ever begotten by human
ingenuity to keep th*.workers in
slavery. Curious to know what
would happen to counterfeiters of
such a despised currency, I inquired of a very aotlve militant,
He answered: "Oh, of course
when caught they an punished;
but then, after all, they do a sort
ot aervice by relieving the strain
on the government printing-
m-eases." So has th. god, Money
fallen ln Russia!
Th. money her. Is really only
a hangover from Capitalism, It
may bs confidently expected that
when th. new soolety gets thoroughly established, and, belug
fully recovered from tha havoo of
wars, la able to furnish the workers
an abundance of supplies, all need
for petty trading of .very sort will
disappear and th. entire monetary
system wtll be abolished.
In ths restricted confines of a
newapaper article only the barest
sketch of the Russian government
ean bs given. - - .-
> Th. flrst thing w. must underatand is that th. new Russian
government Is really a workers'
republic. Its motto, written Into
the constitution, "He who does
not Work neither shall he eat."
"Work is the standard by which th.
status of th. P..OP1. Is established,
All aoldiers and workers (hand and
brain,. eity and country) over the
age of eighteen years and regardless of asx are entitled to vote
and to hold offloe. (Capitalists
and others living from the labor
of workers ar. disfranchised and
denied all participation ln the
government.
Some American labor leaders
have affected to bs horrified by
thla arrangement and have denounced th. Russian republic
roundly for lt. They demand a
"square deal" for th. social parasites. But they conveniently overlook the fact that In the so-called
capitalist democracies these same
paraattle elements disfranchise the
>useful workers as far as they are
able to. They set up all sorts of
residence, sex and other ridiculous
voting qualification that deprive
millions of tollers of any say In
the government. And If It wer.
not. for the constant resistance ot
the labor movement lt would not
be long bafor. th. suffrage would
be limited solely to property hold-
rare,
Hav. No Illusion
Now the revolutionary Russian
workers have no Illusions about
these matters, They have taken
the measure of th. capltallata.
They know thom for what they
are—an unscrupulous band of exploiters who will stick at nothing
Jn their greed for mastery, so the
workers tell them outright that
their activities are anti-social, and
that If they want to enjoy th.
rights acoorded decent people they
must abandon their nefarious conduct and perform some useful
work in return for their suaten-
ance. If they will not do this then
-they muat expect to be considered,
social and political pariahs.
The foundation of the whole
Russian governmental system 'is
founded by the local Soviets. These
exist In all the cities, towna and
villages. They are made up ot representatives of th. three great
branchaa of th. Russian working-
class; workers, peasants and
soldiers. There are no general
elections as Americans understand
the term. -The workers select
their Soviet representatives directly at their work-places, the peaa-
anta theirs at the villages, and th.
aoldlera theirs ln the barracke.
Officials and delegatea may ba recalled at any time by those who
elected them.
The work of the local Soviet Is
to supervise the social, political
and Induatrlal Uf. ot the people
within their reapactlve jurisdiction, bearing ln mind, of course,
the euperlor authority of higher
government organs. The ecope of
their activity ranges from the
simple work of a village Soviet ts
the complex tasks of the great city
Sovleta. In Moscow, for Instance,
the Soviet constats of 21 departments, as follows: Justice,
Finance, Military, Postal, Industry,
Fuel, Food (securing of supplies).
Land, Compulsory Labor, Publlo
Service (water, lights, street cars,
etc.), Education, Labor Health, Social Welfare. General Management
(police, prisons, marriages, deaths,
etc.), Statistical Workers' and Peasants' Control (supervisory), Transportation, Building, Food (distribution), Extraordinary Commission
(proventlon of counter-revolutlon-
■ary activities, ste.) All those departments are subdivided Into bureaus whloh specialize tn the thousand and one activities that go to
.mako up the life of a great modern
city,
; By a complicated process, Impossible to detail her., the local Soviets, both urban and rural, pyramid themselves togethor, securing
organization " and homogenlty to
correspond with th. varloua geographical, Induatrlal and political
divisions of the country. Thus Soviets extends over the volosts, districts, governments and regions,
which roughly parallel our wards,
counties, congressional districts and
states. Each of these organizations oversees the activities ln Its
particular sphere, limited naturally
by the functions of the Soviets
above and below It. In every case
the higher form of organization Is
created by massing together from
the membership of the onc Just below lt.    The recall principle pre-
Gagne, Z. P., Usk, G.T.P	
Jones, A. E., SwanBon Bny	
King, Ed., Carnaby, G. T. P	
Kobler, Victor, Kelly's Camp, Cumshewa 	
Morris, Wm., Sedgwlok  Buy	
rtelil, D., Sedgwick Bay	
(Members absent from the Disk-lit will cut this out und mail a.
uIki ve.)
PAGE TiiSm
vatlm at all
mental structure
The general Soviet _.,	
unified national expression^
the All-Russian Congress of
This Is the supreme governim
body ot the Russian Republic. _.
meets approximately every six
months. Between congresses business Is conduoted by the Central
executive committee, whtch Is composed of 650 members elected from
among the general delegation of the
All-Russian Congress of Soviets.
The Commissioners
The Central executive committee,
ln turn, elects from its ranks the
Council of People's Commissioners
to actually superintend the carrying
on of the business of the country.
There are eighteen of these commissioners, to correspond to the
following departments: Foreign
affairs, war, marine, interior, just'
Ice, labor, social Insurance, education, posts and telegraph, nationality affairs (the Russian Republic is
a federation of many nationalities),
finances, transportation, agriculture, commerce and Industry, provisioning, control of tha government (supervision), supreme economio council, publlo hygiene. The
work of tha CouncU of People's
Commissioners la subjeot to tho
veto of the Central executive committee, which, together with the
Council of People's Commissioners"
and all other government bodies,
ls responsible to the All-Russian
Congress of Soviets.
In the United States we see the
ridiculous spectacle of thousands of
legislators making laws aU over
the country, and a handful of old
fogies ln the Supreme Court calling them unconstitutional. There ls
no such nonsense In Russia. Once
the workers' government hss spoken, that settles the matter.
There being no other government based upon the same lines as
that of Russia, it ls therefore difficult, without considerable elaboration, to convey an Idea of the powers of the respective superior organisations and officials. It may bs
said, however, that the chairman
of the Central executive oommlttee
(Kalentne) occupies approximately
the same position ln the Russian
government as the president does In
the French government In fact,
he Is often called the president of
Russia.
The Council of People's Commissioners Is equivalent to a cabinet,
and the chairman of this cabinet
(Lenine), may be denominated the
prime minister of Russia. And, as
In France and many other countries, so in Russia, the prime minister, being closely Identified with
and highly responsible for the policies of the government, Is a bigger
figure than the president of the
country.
Many writers have sought to convey the impression that the Soviets
are structures peculiarly Russian tn
character. But tbla ls not the case.
The fact ls that there was very
Uttle understanding of them or propaganda made for them before they
sprang up almost spontaneously
during the big revolutionary upheaval of 1906. They are very different organisations from the village "mlr," which has been pointed
out as their progenitor. They develop naturally ln a revolutionary
Situation, just as central labor coun"
cils do In every capitalist country,
even though the men forming them
have Uttle or no knowledge of each
others' experiences.
For a working class which has
been broken with capitalism, and
which finds itaelf on the road to
power, lt Is a perfectly logical, lf
not Inevitable procedure to discard
the old state machinery, to cast off
all parasite elements and to select
Its governmental representatives
directly from the wofk shops, fields
and barracks. That the workers In
other countries have not got the
Soviet idea stronger Is due to the
fact that, unlike the Russian workers, they have not yet been faced
by real revolutionary crises. Where
they have approached such crises,
notably in the Paris Commune, the
tendency to create Soviets has bsen
clearly manifested.
The Russian Soviets, although
they hav* many admitted faulte,
provide the workers with the governmental mechanism much more
flexible and responsive to their will
than any democracy based on bourgeois principles. Of course, the Soviets are highly unsatisfactory to
the remnants of non-produolng elements atill hanging on here, but
then, ln this country, no one ts disturbed over that. The Interests of
the workers are being taken care
of, and ln "Russia that'a all that
matters.
Hot Reception for
Colonel  Cooper
(Continued from page 1)
He then went on to outline who
was responsible for the oar* of the
unemployed, pointing out that lt
flrst devolved on the municipality,
then on the Provincial government,
and finally on the Dominion au-
thorles. While accusing th* municipality of passing the buok, the
speaker indulged in a good deal of
this kind of tactics himself. Referring to the part the Dominion
government had played ln caring
for the unemployed, he pointed out
that the government had paid one-
third of all relief work, and had
provided another twelv* millions
for th* extension of the Housing
Act. In closing, Colonel Cooper
stated that he would answer any
questions.
The first question was: "If, as
you say, the municipal and Provincial and Dominion authorities are
responsible for the caro of the unemployed, do you think that all of
these powers can place the unemployed to work at productive employment?"
His reply was: "ISo, It ls not the
duty of governments to enter into
commorcial undertakings,"
"Was it not done during the
war?" came like a shot from many
of the audience. One speaker stated lf the government had no responsibility to the people, then thr
govornment had no right to tale
tho young men at IS years of a ;o
to the world's biltchdO shops.
Colonel Cooper evidently did not
get the Idea in the reference to tho
butcher shops, but was quickly enlightened by members of the audience, who called out: "He means
battlefields."
Another question the momber for
the constituency was calold upon to
answer was; "Will you go with n
delegation to soo Commissioner ciii-
lospte on Wednesday morning?"
Colonel Cooper replied that he
would.
The question of (lie evening Was
then askodi It was: "Do you nol
think that in viow or tho fact that
tho government  spent  at  least  a
maiidCliristlaiilBm^y^ p
asd Danrialaa points at flew.   By WUUaa Moniromery Bran,
The wriur, a Bishop la tbe Episcopal Chuck, emitte aspeiMtwrsttssi
religion and *apltaUa_n in polities.
Commenta: "Os* ef tha ami eitraordlnary sal MnlhiUting beehe X
-aaiarre-A II will ebftke tht eenntry." "I cell it s eeraoa. The Ust
s a»-ou»d.a»:—Butch the gede trom the sky ami capltallata tnm the
•Has." "It eame like a meteor scroia a dark shy sad it held ma tight."
'Blahop Brown ia the reincarnation el Thomaa Paine asd his seek U the
aodera Age of Xeaaon."   "It wiU Aov wonderfol work la this the neatest
 i this the fleetest
"A remarkable booh by s markable sua ef Uteaae
modern J
eriale ta all hietory.'
Intereat to all."
Publlihed la Ootober, 1920.   fiftieth Thoneaad aew ready, MS pegeat
•loth 91.00; paper. 96 centa, or alx copies 9100, postpaid.
The Bradford-Brown Educational Co.. Inc.        Publishers
100 South Union Street ' Gallon, Ohio
LET ME GIVE YOU A PRICE ON TOUR
WATCH AND CLOCK REPAIRS
I OANSAVI YOU MONEY
4M RICHARDS ST.      APPLEBY      VANCOUVER, B. a
Scrap Oold and SUver and Old iamatry Bought
quarter of a million dollara to sand
six or seven men to jail In Winnipeg, tbat that money would have
bean better spent In feeding tha unemployed?" It was quite evident
that the colonel waa staggered by
th* queatlon. Ho replied; "I do
not know anything about it, and
think the question an unfal? on*."
Needless to say, th* unemployed
of South Vanoouver ar* still waiting to have th* point elucidated.
A oommltte* was appointed to
meet Commissioner Olllespl* on
Wednesday morning, and Colonel
Cooper was understood to be willing to accompany th* delegation.
Another committoe was appointed
to draw up a letter to be sent to
Premier Oliver, ln wblch his attention Is to be drawn to the fact that
relief Is to be out off, and that tha
fathers of the rising generation refuse to see their children starve,
and lf the authorities do not car*
for thom, the workers will havo to
do th* job themselves by any means
ln their, power.
It was decided that all th* women and th* men apply for relief
aa usual on the llth of the month,
and to be at the Municipal Hall In
a body. T. Bissett gave a very Interesting address before th* clos* of
th* meeting, which was brimful of
Interest and excitement, from' the
tlm* th* chairman assumed bis
position.
OOLD COMFORT
FOB UNEMPLOYED
(Continued from pago I)
Jt was a national crisis and not a
looal situation.
This statement got under the out-
loi* of Colonel Cooper, who replied
that lt was all rubbish. One dole-
gat* pointed out that there were
700 families suffering from unemployment, and h* asked if they decided to help thomsolves, what
would th* Dominion governmont
doT    .
Colonel Cooper replied that If th*
municipality and the province failed to keep law and. order, the Dominion government would naturally
have to, if th* loeal authorities
could not handle the situation.
Passing the blame for ths situation was then continued. Colonel
Cooper stated that Commissioner
Gillespie had not applied for a loan
from the Dominion government for
relief. He also stated that a million and a quarter had been apportioned for roads in British Columbia by the Dominion government,
but as yet he had not heard what
had been done with lt Thts money
had been given, not loaned, to the
Provlnolal government.
Before the interview ended. Col.
Cooper asked Commissioner Gillespie what he was going to do to
cover the present situation. He replied he had dono all he could do,
and that lt was now up tb the Dominion government. * Colonel
Cooper also stated that he would
consult with Hr. H. H. Stevens, M.
P., as to what could be done. In
the meantime tha r*ll*f Is cut ofl.
and the position of the unemployed
in South Vancouvor Is wors* than
it was a month ago. '
Buy at a union storo.
Vancouver Unions
VAMCOUVIB TRADES IND LABOB
COUNOIL—Preaident, B. W. HaUey;
eecretary, J. O. Smith. MeeU Ird Wedneaday eaeh moath la the Pender Hall,
corner of Pender sad How* streeta.
Phona Bey, jjgt
ALLIBD   PRINTTNO   TBatDEI   OOUX-
ell—MeeU   aeeoad    Monday    ta   the
month.    Preeldent, J. t. McConnell; s*e>
retary, B. H. Neelanda. P. O. Box SS.
BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS—If   yoa
need brieklayera or meioni  for hollar
worka,   etc.,   or   marble   aettera.
Brlcklayen'  Onion, Labor Temple.
OENEBAL  WORK EBB'  UNIT  OP T__\
O. B. U.—Preeldent, E. Andre; eoere-
tary,   W.   Serrlce.    MeeU   and   and  4th
Wedneaday In each moath in Pender HaU,
cor. of Pender and Howe streeta.   Phona
_____l
HOISTING ANb PoM ABLE XNOI-
neera, Local 840—International Union
of Steam and Operatise Englneera meeU
overy Snd and 4th Pridar at S p.m., 118
Pender Street Weit. O. Riley, 1814
Maboa Avontte, North Vancouver; seeretary, P. Bradley, 1763 McSpedden Street,
Vanconver, B. O.
HOTEL     AND     RESTAURANT      EM
ployeee, Local 26—MeeU every eeoond
Wedneaday ln the month at 2:10 p.m.
and erery foarth Wedneiday (n the moath
at 8:80 p.m. Preeldent, John Cummisfe,
aeeretnry aad badness agent, A. Oraham,
Offlce and rnte tine hall, 441 Seymonr St.
W. Phoae Bey. 1681. Oflee hoare. I
ajn. to 0 p.m.
INTEBNATIONAL LONGSHORE MEN'S
Aeeooiatloo, Loeal IMS—Oflee and
hall, 162 Cordova flt. W. MeeU Irst
and third Fridayi, S p.m. Seeretary'
treaeurer, T. Nixon; buiineu agent, P.
Sinclair.
INTERNATIONAL JEWELRY WORK
era' Union—MeeU Snd and 4th Mon-
daye. Preildent, J. E. Dawson, 1045 Tew
St-, Kltillano; eecretary, E. T. Kelly,
I860 Haitlnga St, I.; reeordlng eecrtUry,
L. Holdewortb, MO— 14th St. W., North
Vancouver.
LUMBER     WORKERA'     INDUSTRIAL
UNION     OP     CANADA—An     indae-
trlal unloa of all worhora la log-
King and construction campa. Cout Dlatrlct and Oeneral Hoadquartere, 81 Oor
dova St. W., Vaneoaver, B. C. Phone Sey.
7850. • J. M. Clarke, general secretary
treasurer; legal advlaeri, Meem. Bird,
Macdoaald * Co., Vaneonver, B. C; andl-
tore, Meeara. Buttar A Chiene, Vancouver, B. 0.
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERA-
TOR8 UNION, LOCAL 348. I.A.T.S.E
—Afflliated with Tradei and Labor Council and Theatrical Federation, Vancouver.
Preildent, J. R. Foiter; eecretary and
Ireaiurer, Lockiley Clark, P. 0. Box S45.
Office and meeting room, 310 London
Building, Pender Hi. W. Regular meet-
InK night, first Hunday In each month at
7:30 p.m. Buiineu Agent, W. Wool
rldKe.    Phone Fraser 237L.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OE
NORTH AMERICA (Vancouvor and
Vicinity)—Branch meeti 1st and Srd
Mondays. 319 Pender fit. W. Preeldent,
O. Hoya, Central Park P. O.. fiouth Van-
ermver; financial seoretary, E. A. Ood-
dard, 856 Rlelinrdt St.; Recording Seeretary, J. I„ Irvine, 249—16th St. W.,
North   ViniMuver.
We mak* ladlM' Oaramti
BJ|fct Hen in Vueeavtr
—tht total le atyle and assart*
ness of aa j offered ba Ceaae*.
Dream,   Oeeta,   ete.-tt.
aU lba as* atalii   lissjlsli Maes
for rear ataaaSai.
We efer Oeee (.meats lew ties
elsewhere Susses sn Seal Urect—
sUsdaaSa a Ike __U-Uee__B's yroits.
Famous
Clock A Bait Oo.
SSS KAICTOS'ST.. ■ear PiaaTlUe
wmac nr town mor at
The Oliver Rooms
ttH OORDOVA EAST     •
COAL
TALK BOOTLESS
AMD
NANAIMO
Kindling Fres
CANADIAN WOOD AND
OOAL OOMPAHT
1440 QRA_.V\fJJ_  Ser. iMO
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECO-
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
."A flood Place to -Gst"
HASTINOS AND COLUMBIA STS.
Mainland
Cigar Store
Ut OARRALL RREBI
THB PLAOE rOR PIPES
KIRK'S
Guaranteed Coal
Means---
If onr eoal ia not satisfactory to yon, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, wo will remove what
coal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
used.
Tou to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Pb.o_.ss Sermour 1441 sal MB
"tors Md P«p.-as„Ber. .( Amtri-a,
Local 188, Venue,..— Meete Sad aad
.lh Thursdays el 148 Cardan BI. W.
Phons Ser. 8.91. Business afeal. R. A.
Barker.
o. E v. nun pile DRiVska, W065
ea Brldtemen, Drrrlckmea aad Rlffer.
ol Viraiw aad Tlelnltr. MeeU e".ir
Mondsr, s sa, In ti. n. II. Ball. tOd
render Bt W. Preeldent, W. Tnokerl
Insncl.l sswala-r .nd business kf.nL ti
Anilereon.    Phon.  Seymour SSI.
STREET   AMD   ELEOTKIO   W—_—t
—   "       H*  lti
'"—"-       .-_,_,       M1MI.IU      *t
hmploroo-,   Pioneer  Dlvtalon,
r!'"'fji: & •_ **"•  "**** l-'sasaai,
1,1 sad Srd Mondays al 10.lt am. aat I
p.m. Presldsnt, t. A. Hearer. S.M Claras
Drlro; -Hording.M-rets-r, P. I. Qrlla
447—8th i-ronoo Eaet; Ueuaror, E. a
Clerelsnd; laenelal-secretary end haat
_.ii steal, W. H. cotlr.ll, .808 Dear
ffle. Btreet; oBee eorner Prior .ad Mala
Ste.  Phoa. Pair 8604R.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UMION Mo. iis5
Meets last Buuday of each month al
2 p.m. Preeldent, C. H. Collier; Tie*
preeldent, R. H. G_ugh; seeretsry.
tressurer, S. H. N..l.nd>, gas St.
THE   HEW   t.EBT_lIN8T_R   tlHASfl
of the O. B. D. meats .a a. Irst I
tklrd   Wedauday  .1  erery  month.    _
members la this dlstriot are la.llod at
attend.
SSI
'.9
WORKERS' OOUNCIU VAlMbutllL
B. C, meets .very Thureday ST..!aa
al 8 p.m. ia lh. 0. B. IT. Hsll, SO. Par
der St. W. Secretary, E. Horebnrfh, Pas>-
der Hsll.
.-UKt.E.HM .A1LOR8' DNI6s Si
America, Loul No. 178—Ueetlnte belt
flret Monday la e.eh month, B p.m. Pnaldent, A, R. Oatenby; rico-proeldoat, D,
Lawson; raeordlng sserstsry, 0. Ma>
Donsld, P, 0. Boa 508; flnsnclsl eecr_>
fry, T. Tampl.Ua, P. 0. Boi 508.
Provincial Unions
VIOTOBIA. B. 0.
VICTORIA AMD DISTRICT TRADSS
snd Labor Council—MaeU Srat SBi
third Wedneedex. KnlfhU .1 Prlalae
Hsll, North Parh Street, at s p.m. Proet-
_i<nt, C. Slrerts; vice-president, R. BI-
li,.t _; secrstary-trcstnrer, 1. fl. Wood-
»er<l, P. 0. Boi 802, Victoria, B. 0.
PBIHO-I ROPERT, B, 0,
PRINCE RUPERT CENTRAL LABOR
Council, 0. B. I' Branohes; Prlaas
Huih'rt District Fisheries Board, O.B.U.i
MttUUiforoUB Miners' District Board
O.B.U. Socresry-treasuror, P, 0. Bal
217, Prince Rupert. f m
GEFOUR
■Tmitri-EitiTO'TBAR. no. 27   T&E BRITISH t-OLPMBJA[FEDERATIONIST Vancouver,b.a.
VKIDAY...—,—■-::.—July.10. 1°-V_
CLAMAN'S STORE NEWS
Boys' Department—Second Floor   h
144 DOZEN PAIRS OF
PURE SILK HOSE
Worth $2—Selling Today at
95c
Genuine Silk Hose. Finely knitted
from all-pure silk. Double weight. Rich
and durable. Hugs the foot. - Clings
closely at ankle. Heel and toe reinforced; seamless, comfortable sole.
Colors are black, chestnut brown, navy,
grey, Cordovan and white. This elegant silk hose represents a special purchase made possible through Claman's
extensive buying power and knowledge
of the men's markets. To take home
three or four pairs would be a good investment. Sizes 91-2 to 111-2.
Claman's
Canada's Largest Exclusive
Store for Hen and Boys
UMITED
1&3 Hastings Street West
H LETTERS TO
On Drugless Healers
Bdltor B. C. Federatlonist: In
your ieiue of July 1 there appeara
an article re the position of the
drufflesa healer, For the beneflt of
the public would you kindly print
■ay personal experience on behalf
•t the chiropractor? On June 1.
1120, I was Injured while employed
-O boom man. #Vae examined by
loeal doctor and two doctors of the
•ompensatlon board; waa sent to
the Vancouver Block for X-ray examination, and pt aU they could
flnd nothing wrong tb prevent me
from work; consequently was cut
off from compensation without any
physical relief, for I grew worse
and worse, and even though ad<
tleed to try a chiropractor, I de
layed until January 25, 1921, when
to a state of misery that cannot be
described ln words, the chiropractor told me then and there the
cause, and backed up his word by
.giving me relief before' I left the
offlce, and to date must say I am
■lore free from pain than I have
. been for the last twenty years. I
eannot get away from one of two
facts: those medical men either did
•ot know what was wrong, or they
Ud -not care. Everyone ls entitled
to arrive at his own decision. Why
tn the name of common sense
should the poor'be deprived of reUef, lf lt can be had. The relief
Which I received could ln no wise
lte estimated In dollars and centa,
although the chiropractor has
never aaked me for a dollar. Sure-
tar the medical men should be satisfied to let othera do what they fail
to do. If Interested lh suffering
humanity there Is enough for all
to do.
There Is no desire on my part to
do peraonal Injury to anyone,
therefore I mention no names. But
out of gratitude to the chiropractor
for relief obtained, and for the
beneflt of others who may be
suffering and have failed to find relief, and only hope this may reach
euch. Thanking you, Mr. Bdltor,
for needed apace, I am,
«     Sincerely yours,
A. C. McALPINB.
North Vancouver, B. C., July 6,
Look Out for Bim
Editor B. C. Federationist: I am
sending you a few lines to warn
working men in general not to puy
any attention to a report circulated
by one Georgo Coffey, former superintendent of hydraulics, but of late
.years locaWnanager for the Yukon
Gold Co., of Dawson, Y. T. (Klondike), the company commonly
known as the "Guggles," by the
rank and flle of common working
stiffs.
Mr. Coffey ls on his way to California for his health, and as he
proceeds along he makes it his
business to spread the report that
there is plenty of work ln the Klondike at very, high wages—a dollar
an hour—when there Is abaolutely
no truth ln the report he Is casting
broadcast through the country. He
ls doing this to get a crowd of men
in' the country so that the*compa-
nies can cut wages, and the wages
are not In keeping with the expenses of the country.
The wages paid today are $4.60
and board to the average man;
while higher wages are paid to artisans and mechanics generally, bb in
all cases all over the country,
I hope you will give this your
special attention, as the coat of
making a trip into this country
amounts to rather a large sum, and
the average worker cannot stand lt
now-a-days.
AN OBSERVER OF DIFFERENT
THINGS.
Skagway, July 7, 1921.
The regular monthly busiirtss
meeting of the Junior Labor
League will be held on Friday, July
at 8 p.m. at,the club rooms, 52
Duffecln atreet west. It is important that the members and also
those who, though not members,
are going to the camp at White
Rock, should turn out for this meeting.
Those going for the flrst week at
the camp will leave on Saturday,
July 30. The cost of the camp to
each one going, will be .small, and
the more that goes, the smaller the
cost can be made, so the members
are endeavbring both to reduce the
cost ahd swell the crowd by getting
as many young people as possible
to go. For information, phone
Fair. 1610.
To Buyersof Printing
The following Arms hays established the 44-hour week In
their workshops and are therefore the only printing offices
operating under conditions whloh are fair to the undersigned
organisations:
Blockberger, F. R ~ Sl» Broadway B.
(-amble Printing Oo 321 Cambie St.
Cowan * Brookhouse. H2» Howe St.
Crosby * Blsseli 800 Beatty St.
Dunsmuir Printers  437 Dunsmuir St.
Homer Printing Oo Homer St.
Morris, 9. P. * Oo rear 623 Granville St.
Nortli Shore Press North Vancouver
Shoemaker * McLean North Vancouver
Ward-Elwood, Ltd 318 Homer St.
VANCOUVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 226
VANOOUVER PRESSMEN'S UNION No. 6»
VANCOUVER BOOKBINDERS' UNION No, 105
All men who were Claimants in the Lawsuit
for Wages Against the Premier Mine Co. are
requested to send their names and addresses to
Secretary, *'
Central Labor Council
PRINCE RUPERT, B. C.
Men's Suits
Specially
Priced	
$25.95
Plain Greys, Donegal Tweeds, Navy and Grey,
with hairline stripes, etc. Wonderful value at
ihk low price.
C. D. Bruce
) \ ,* i»,,       .,,' , . Limited.
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
JUNIOR LABOR
LEAGUE NOTES
Employers Resent Activities  of  Religious
Organizations
Working girls In New York City
by the hundreds are sleeping In the
attics of remodelled houses, in unsanitary quarters with no heat or
adequate bath facilities. They are
crowded into every available inch
of space in thousands of tenements
and rooming housos, under condl
tions which arc itoterab'le.
"Thoy are sleeping," said Miss
Blanche Geary, head of the housing activities of the national board
of the Young Women's Christian
Association, "two to six in a room—
often two in a bed meant for one.
"I have seen girls' cots," Miss
Geary continued, addressing a conference at the Y. W. C. A. headquarters, "In hallways of flats and
rooming houses directly against the
door of bathrooms used by both
men and women. With the present
inadequate housing facilities, the
girl who can secure a hall bedroom
and who Is not forced to share it
with other girls is fortunate. Yet
the price these girls pay is out of
all proportion to the so.-called accommodations."
The results of this particular
housing investigation throws a
bright light upon the attitude of
employers' organization b—notably
that.'In Pittsburg, Pa.—which are
usirig every effort to discredit and
to cause the withdrawal of support
from the "Y. W." since It began to
study industrial and economic conditions in earnest. The Pittsburg
Rmployers Association recently
sent broudcast a circular urging
other like bodies of employers to
wilthhold support from thc Y. W.
C. A. because of its "dangerous attitude" on Industrial questions, and
boasting that ns a result of Its activities, a campaign for {200,000
conducted by tho Pittsburg "Y. W.
succeeded in raising only $90,000.
The junto housing condition hi
New York City present many other
aspects as bad as that sot forth in
the address of the Y. W. C. A. conference. Families stilt are living
in quarters little if any better than
the steerage of trans-Atlantic
steamships.—Advance.
Wasted Efforts
"Petrograd Pravda" writes: According to reports of the paper
"Bospor" an extraordinary meeting
of all Socialist parties and revolutionary groups took place at the
Initiative of the Georgian Menche-
vlsts at which the representatives
of the Imperialist lands England,
France, America and others were
presont. The Menchcvist Tchavt-
chavadse, a lund owner, gave a
long report over the situation of
Georgia and tho northern Caucasus. -
At the (".elusion of his report
he made tprproposal that a united
block of all Socialist parties, should
be formed for the liberation of the
Caucasus from the Bolshevist yoke.
The representative of Englund
stated that the English government
would support no one ln a struggle
against tho Bolshevists and there*
upon left the room. The representative of America followed his ox-
ample.
THE NOBILITY
OF VIOW
Italian Fascist Movements
Brutal—Candour Ex-.
poses Its Tactics
In II Popolo D'ltalia (Milan),
the daily paper of the. Fascisti,
edited by Benito Mussolini/ this
Interesting explanation of the rapid
growth of the Fascist movement
and its relative success at the.polls
waa printed shortly after the general election on May 15:
The fact can best.be explained by
applying the concepts of violence
that Sorel developed magnificently.
It was the "prestige of violence"
that gave victory to Fascisti candidates. The great popular mass
submitted to the fascination of violence,.which Is the creator, of valor
and the resuscitator of enthusiasms. They-felt this fasclantlon
because violence releases In those
that exercise It personal bravery,
the exercise of energy -a'nd will,
makes- them superior to danger,
and has therefore the nobility and
beauty of every ideal force:
If the Italian Socialists had read
Frbudhon they would have known
what admiration this great revolutionary had for Foroe and how- he
studied it, sifting through all the
Immense fecundity of social facts
in search for it.
At the bottom of the. present
Fascisti victory one encounters a
case of force that creates right,
The error of the Socialists, is that
of believing that ln violence there
may be an exercise of pure and
simple brute force. It is this error
—psychological and (. moral—to
which' the Socialist Party must
ascribe Its incapacity to offer adequate resistance to the Fascisti.
Violence is never simply brute
force, being always the effect of a
passion (we speak, naturally, of
collective, political violence) and
so it Is ridiculous to attempt to explain 'fasclsmlo with the offensive
Interpretations that the - Socialists
give it. The Socialist defeat Is the
logical effect of long years.of afflr
mations which while exciting base
material instincts In the masses,
completely neglected every spiritual and moral factor. . The Socialist propaganda did not transform
the workers into awakened men; it
did not give them a will or a passion. It only made of them men
well organized, disciplined, nnd
brutalized, conditioning this supine
attitude on the realization of salary
augmentations.
- When you have said high-salary
you have said the whole Socialist
propaganda. The chamber of
labor Is an instrument for raising
salaries and nothing, else, lit is a
shop. And because of this mon-
stTous Ignoring of every ideal factor und of every sense of > extra-
material dignity the Fascisti .have
been able to destroy numerous
chamber!} of labor without one sole
worker having the will to sacrifice
his'life to defend, them.
Socialist propaganda hasn't been
able to give to the masses a single
throb of a faith that would Inspire
sacrifice. Beautiful result! And
one must realize, moreover, that
the masses are much better than
their leaders, that they have
strong idealistic residue, even if
they are still in the great 'majority
faithful to the Ideas of socialism.
The victory of the Fascisti is
therefore the effect of the force
that they have known how to use
for the defense of their Ideas in the
past months. The Fascisti enter
Parliament with a notable group
which, perhaps, will be called upon
to sustain a decisive part, if they
navigate straight and don't entangle themselves In the subtleties
of grand politics. We believe that
this is the moment in whloh fastis-
mo should clarify some points uf
its programme. A constructive con
ceptlon is necessnry, although one
recognizes that this is a necessity
indeed difficult to supply.
Fasclsmo was born with a negative programme, as a reaction to
the Socialist line of conduct that
had no concrete value. Fasclsmo
van for maxlmallsm what the
strait-jacket Is for the agitated
body of the maniac. It did not
have to meet programme with programme, idea with idea. It'was a
knotty club, largely used ito correct
the defects of others. In Its salutary activities men of diverse tendencies and origin participated,- because there waB no need for a
special etiquette. Today, suddenly,
fasclsmo has become a political
party that must function In Parliament. It Is an imperious and Immediate duty for lt to analyze Itaelf, define itself, and to act as an
organic force in public life.
The problem can be resolved
through successive approximations.
It would be an error to think that
fasclsmo must write its programme
with all the planks complete, cor
responding te all thc exigencies of
national Ufe. Fasclsmo must In
stead define several fundamentals
for Ub future action.
First, modification of our tactics
ln relation to the Socialist Party
and the ex-maxlmallsm, suspending
the use of violence and returning
to the terrain of legality, j
It is at present evident that ■ the
violence of the Fascisti, along with
the economic crisis and the passing
of the Lenln myth, has brusquely
modified the revolutionary mentality of the party. The defeat of
the Communists Is a sign that at
present every revolutionary vellelty
Is set. To persist In strong
methods would be superfluous and
therefore dangerous. *
The article concludes with thc
recommendation that fasclsmo become the representative of the
"middle class," whtch Includes consumers and taxpayers. This elass,
It Is pointed out, Is the most numerous In the land but at present
ls hardly at all represented In Parliament which, Instead, looks after
the Interests of the plutocrats and
the working class. Fasclsmo could
have, "gathering to Itself as much
of sanity and worth as the bourgeoisie salvaged from the war," a
great mission In contemporary
Italy.—The Nation.
TO El
Council of Workers Would
Debate Unemployed
Question
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next dny for a subscription,
Boycott of Japanese Goods
"Isvestia" reports: The boycott
movement against the Japanese
goods ls gaining ln strength ln all
circles of the Chinese population,
As a.method of combatting the
boycott the Japanese have set a
Japanese gold coinage ln circulation which Is expected to bring
about a fall ln Chinese dollar*.
Constitution Is Adopted
at a Special
Meeting
The Council of Workers held a
special meeting on Tuesday night
for the purpose of discussing and
adopting a constitution. In addition to this important business the
counoll decided to adopt a suggestion of the meeting held in the Pender hall on Sunday afternoon, to
the effect that the Economic Council, recently formed, be Invited to
send a representative to debate on
the question of unemployment. The
motion which was adopted, being
as follows: "In view of the expressed statements by the Economic
Council, that organization be challenged to, appoint a representative
to debate the following question:
That, no solution to thc present
industrial distress and unemployment can be found under capitalism'."
J. Kavanagh waB elected to the
council to take the affirmative for
the Council of Workers, and/arrangements for the debate will be
made immediately the Economic
Council decides to accept the challenge. In accordance wi.th the constitution, the meeting of the council will be held every Tuesday evening In the Pender hall.
The preamble and  constitution,
as adopted, are as follows:
Preamble
The world-wide industrial depression and consequent unemploy*
ment for an ever-Increasing number of wage-earners, conditions
which are the Inevitable results of
a social system, based upon the exploitation of the workers; tho wide-
spread distress among the members
of the workingclass In this district,
and the lack of an organization to
voice their needs, compelled the
workers to organize the "Council
of Workers," for the purpose of
representing their interests.
Conditions are steadily becoming
worse. The inability of capitalism
to provide for the -needs of society
is becoming more and more apparent. The employing class, faced
with thc competition of commodities produced In Europe and Asia
In un already over-stocked market,
are attempting to meet the situation by a policy of wage reduction;
whilst at the same time advocating
Increased production.
In the face of these attempts to
reduce the already low standard of
living of the workers, the Workers
Council of Vancouver and district,
recognizing the economic bank*
ruptoy of the present social system,
aud the mental bankruptcy of our
masters; recognizing' nlso the present lack of understanding amongst
the working class as to their economic position, reorganizes Itself with
the object of consolidating the
forces of labor In Vnncouver and
district for the purpose of resisting
by every means possible, any fur '
titer reduction, economic or political, in the conditions of the working clnss.
Understanding that no permanent
Improvement In the condition of
the working class may be expected
under capitalism; realizing also
that a reduced standard of living
tends to lower the combative spirit
of the workers, wo are organized
for the every day struggle with the
employing class, whilst at the same
time assisting In the work of preparing the slave closs of modern
society for Its task of emancipation.
ARTICLE I.
Section 1. This organization
shall be known as The Council of
Workers of Vancouver and District,
Sec. 2. It shall have the power
to affiliate with other organizations
with similnr alms and objects.
Sec. 3.' All workers' organizations shall he eligible for membership In thts Council, who pledge
themselves to promote the objects
of the Council. Eligibility of dele
gates shall be decided by a regular
business meeting.
Sec. 4, The number of delegates
from any affiliated organization
shall not bc more than four (4).
Sec. 5. All members of workers'
organizations living ln South Vancouver and North Vancouver, also
surrounding municipalities to form
themselves into sub-councils of the
Council of Workers, and send dele-
gates to this Council.
ARTICLE II.
Section 1. Nominations for officials and committee men shall be
open on thc first meetings In Janu
aryjind July, election to tnke place
on the second meetings In January
and July; candidates to be elected
by ballot. Nominees receiving the
highest number of votes shall be
declared elected, and shall take
office at the next regular meeting
following the election.
Soe. 2. A Secretary shall be elected for a poriod of six (6) months.
Sec. 8. An executive board of
five members shall be elected for a
period of six months.       /
Sec. 4. Standing committees
shall be elected as follows:
(a) Organization committee of
four (4).
(b) Auditing oommlttee of two,
with an alternate.
Other committees may be elected from time to time as the Interests of the Council may warrant.
No delegate shall act on more than
one committee, except members of
the Executive Board, who may be
elected to any committee except the
auditing committee. Any member
of a committee who neglects to perform the duties of his office, shall
be dealt with as the Council may
direct.
Sec. 6. When an elective offlce
becomes vacant through any cause,
the Secretary shall notify the next
regular meeting, when nominations
for candldatea to fill the vacancy
shall be open until the next regular
meeting at which meeting the election ahall take place.
ARTICLE III.
Soction 1. The Executive Board
shall deal with all matters referred to them from regular or special
meetings, or with any emergency
which may arise between meetings.
Th» El_.af.utIra Board  nholl'liit  ro.
Take Action Against British Shipowners and
Get Wages
(Federated Press)
New York—The 33 Hindu Bailors
of the British Ship City of Norwich,
who were driven off the vessel when
it arrived here last April, have won
their court action against the ship's
owners for wages, food and transportation back to Bombay. They
charged they were made to suffer
from the cold for lack of clothing
promised, that they were given rotten and wormy food, and that Uiey
were abused and beaten by the
ship's officers.
Their suit against the vessel's
owners waa first dismissed by United States Dlatrlct Judge Edwin L.
Garvin becauae lt waa brought under American law. The case was
then re-opened under Britlah maritime law and, after hearing the evidence, Judge Garvin denied the mo-
tlon of the counsel for the vessel's
owners, who asked that the suit be
dismissed. The court then rendered a decision ln favor of the sailors.
The amount of the final judgment,
lt Is expected, will be nearly $20,-
000.
The case of these 33 Hindu Bailors was one of the most flagrant
Instances of maltreatment of sear;
men disclosed here in recent years.
Tho Hindus, who presented a pitiable appearance on their arrival,
exhibited marks of brutal handling,
and one of' them had lost an eye.
LEHS VIOLATE
Condemns Russian Communists to Death After
Promising Security
Moscow, June 17.—Rosta Wlen:
In connection with the sentences Of
the Lettish courtmartial, which
condemned, nine Communists to
death, which sentences have already been carried out, and others
to life Imprisonment, the representative of the Russian government
haa addressed a note to the Lettish
government, ln which he recalls
the promise which waa made that
condemned Communists In Let'tland
we're to be exchanged for Letts ln
Russia. At the same time the Let
tish government gave the assurance
that the. Communists In Lettland
were in full security. In spite of
thts promise of the Lettish government, the death sentence was carried out. Tho representative of So-
viet Russia protests most energetically against this proceeding In the
name of his government, and explains that the Russian government
will act In accordance with the pro.
-ceedings of the Lettish government
Exploiters Vision Abyss
Which Faces Them
(Continued from page 1)
are shovea" further Into the future.
Yea,' some of the "selected few,—
those who own and do not work-
are beaming sensitive of the possibility thatjthey might never materialize.
This feeling was expressed at the
London convention by Viscount
Birkenhead, the British lord chancellor, ln the- following words:
"There is a danger that the present
conditions of economic collapse
will not end within the memory of
living men," We might make It
more definite and aay that it will
never end as long as the present
system, which Ib responsible for
these conditions, lasts.
These commercial heads are returning a strong Indictment
agalnBt the syatem that they themselvea are attempting to uphold, by
any means fair or fpul, but their
attempts will come to naught. The
system la doomed.
The present crisis with Its attendant unemployment, misery and
starvation Is due to inherent
causes ln our social system of society, therefore lt must go. It must
live way to the only force ln society capable of continuing production for the good of all—the working class.—Voice of Labor.
THE. LARGEST EXCLUSIVE MEN'S AND BOYS' SHOE STORE
IN THE WEST
Mid-Summer
SALE
See Our
Windows
........:. $6.45
MEN'S $10 and $12 OXFORDS ...
MEN'S $10 to $15 BROWN AND BLACK
BOOTS ..,...: ,... _ $7.95
MEN'S WORK SHOES -.. _...„,.$4.45
CORNETT BROS. & CLARKE
UMrtED
The Men'8 and Boys' Shoe Specialists.
33 HASTINGS STREET EAST
127 AH Wool Canadian
Men's Tweed Suits, $16.75
Hens Is a real bargain for you men Mint cannot be duplicated
anywhere. Genuine all-wool meeds, made - ln your own
oountry, tailored by some of the boat tailoring Institutions.
Some of them tire Just odd lines and odd sizes. We cannot givo
you every sliee In every line, but you can be sure of getting
suited to your entire siuisfaction. Come hi and try on some
of them. REGULAR TO $30
for ., ; , _	
$16.75
D. K. BOOK
CORRECT■CLOTHES
137 HASTINGS STREET W.
Another Lie Nailed
Ifoscow—Rosta Wlen: The bourgeois press continues. Its campaign
of lies against i <vi.'_ it i -n This
time it reports that many Wrangel
soldiers who returned to Russia
have been shot. These stories are
malicious Inventions. Not one
former Wrangel soldier has been
shot. Of tho 6511 who have returned, 6199 have already returned
to their homes. Of the remainder,
only 47 are under arrest, because
they are suspected of espionage,
but aB soon as their Innocence Is
proven, they will be released. As
a result of typhus and other epidemics, there have been only two
cases of death. These figures speak
mucn more convincingly than the
"reliable" information with which
the slanderers and enenr.e__ of Soviet Russia and the Ukraine are
fighting.
A New Type of Lie
Moscow.—Rosta Wlen: The Com-
mlssarlat for foreign trade makes
a statement dealing with tha statement ln the Swedish bourgeois
paper Dagens Nyheter, according
to which a Swedish commercial
delegation bribed a number of official--, but forgot to bribe the members of the extraordinary commission, with the result thnt all the
other bribed persons were arrested.
The Commissariat states that an
unsuccessful attempt-was made to
bribe the officials of the Commissariat, - but that no arrests were
made. The whole story Is an attempt to suggest that the laws of
Soviet Russia are not so severe
agalnBt the poor as agalnBt the
rich, and that the Soviet laws punish those who accept bribes but
■pares those who give bribes.
Bulletin Coming Back
The Butte Bulletin ls to be published once again. This time as a
weekly, Radical workers In
Canada and the United States will
welcome the return of this clear-
cut working-class publication.
sponsible for the direction of the
policy of the Council as laid down
by the general membership; they
shall elect from among their number three trustees.    >•
ARTICLE IV.
Section 1. Officials are subject to
recall by a majority of members
present at a regular meeting, when
notice of such motion to recall shall
have been regularly made at the regular meeting immediately preceding.
All charges must be made in
writing and handed over to the
Council. •
ARTICLE V.
Section 1. Regular meetinga of
the Council ahall be held every
Tuesday night at 8 p.m., the power
to change date of meeting to remain In the hands of the Council.
Sec. 2. Special meetings may be
called:
(a) By the Executive Board;
(b) By the Secretary on a written demand stating the object for
which the meeting Is to be called,
■lgned by Ave delegates being lodged with the Secretary; twenty-four
(24) hours' notice must be given
beforo such meetings are held.
See. 3. The Secretary shall call
all meetings to order and call for
nominations for a chairman; all
meetings to be governed by Roberts'
Rules of Order. A majority shall
decide all questions, unless otherwise provided for by the Constitution.
Seo. 4. All committees shall report to the regular meetings.
Sec. 6. The Constitution of this
Council shall take effect from
..,..-.   itt   .lu   i._1..i.fInn.
Finnish Commercial Delegation'
Helslngsfors—Rosta Wlen. The
Finnish commercial delegation hns
returned from Russia. - Director
Hovelalmen, a member of the delegation, states that they are very
satisfied with their visit. The business prospects with Russia are very
good. The German industry hae
made great progress already, and
Is well ahead of the industries of
the other countries.
"FELLOW-WORKEK"
O. J. Mengel
Writes nil classes of insurance. Representing only first-
class Board companies. If Inaurance Is wanted, write or
phone Sey. 6626.
Offlce address, 712 Board of
Trade Bldg., Vnncouver, B.C.
'     SEND IN YOUR ORDER
The Federatlonltt hits published
Left Wing" Comniiiiilsin, »n Infantile disorder, by Nikolai Lenin
Tills work should be read hy ever}
worker, as it deals extensively wit)
working class tactlcH.. Price: Singh
copies, 25c; orders of ten or mon
copies, 20c each, postage paid.
SHOE REPAIRING
UNION SHOP"
Brlng your work to a tbp-notcher
THOM'S
256 KIM-SWAY  (Cor. Itniudwuy]
Phone Sey. 8546
N. J. Egan
GENERAL
INSURANCE
"   BROKER
Sulto 51—615 Hastings St. W.
Labor, and Socialist
literature
IN   ALL  LANGUAGES
ean be obtained at
The International
Book Shop
Cor. Hastings and Columbia
Mall Orders Promptly
Attended, to
Seattlo Union Record carried
H. Walton
PROFESSIONAL MASSEUB
Specialist In Electrical Treatment!,!
Violet Ray and High Frequency for
R-iemiUstlim, Sciatica, Lumbago, Par*
alyili, Hair and Bcalp Treatment!.
Chronic Ailments. '
310-311 CARTER-COTTON BLDO.
Phone Seymour 2048
I     168 Haitingi Street West.
You Men Who Want
ClothingValue—
Don't Overlook Our Present Clearance—Especially in Suits the Value
Is Extraordinary.
SUITS in the best imported and domestic fabrics—a range of prices,
sizes and styles that'll meet any man's
preference to a nicety. The prices, because of the need of clearance, aro marked
so low that the values deserve far more
than passing attention.
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Baok"
Wm. Dick Ltd.-
45-47-49 Hastings Street East

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