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British Columbia Federationist Jan 19, 1923

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industrial unity: strength «.        Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)        ♦i-ouboal- unity: victoby
r. h. wm
No. 3
, $2.50 PER YEAR
Will Discuss What Labor
Could Do at City
' HaU
Federated Labor Party Protests Against Wage on
U. B. C. Site
On Sunday next, It. II. Neelands,
M.L.A., and Alderman R. P. Pettipiece will be the speakers at the Federated Labor Party, meeting to be
held in the Colonial theatre at 3 p.m.
The subject will bc, • "What Labor
would do at tho City Hall." 0. L.
. Charlton will occupy the chair.
At the annual meeting of the party,
the following lettor was ordered sent
to Premier Oliver and members of
the Legislature, protesting against the
wages offered to tho men working at
the U. B. C. site:
"To tho Hon. John Oliver, Premier,
and  Members  of the  Provlnolal
Legislative Assembly,
"Victoria,  13.  C.
"Gentlemen: At the annual meoting of this party, our attention was
drawn to tho fact that the wage paid
to the laborors engaged on construction work, nt lho University of British
Columbin, is very far from being sufficient to enable them to obtain even
those necessities enumerated in the
family budget of tlio Labor Gazette,
which budget deals solely with food
and shelter, making no provision
whatsoever for clolhing, lost time or
illness, rocreatlon for the worker, of
cour.se, does not enter into the
schemo of the universe, and tt must
lio conceded, that in t-he matter of
food, the said budget does not err on
the side of sinful extravagance.
"The Federated Labor Party contends thnt tlie Provincial government
eould, without unduly straining tho
resources and revenues of the Province, ensure to laborers engnged on
government works, nt least that minimum wago expressed In the terms of
tho family budget of tho Labor Gazette; therefore a resolution condemning the low wage policy instituted by
the Provincinl government on the
construction work at the University of
British Columbin, was put to thc meeting and carried unanimously,
"Trusting that our attitude on this
matter Is quito clear, we are, yours
very truly,
"The Federated Labor Party."
ANGUS McINNES, Chairman.
K. H. MORRISON, Secretary.
Viilon  Label  Danco
Help boost the union label by attending tho Label League" Dnnee in
tho Alexandra Dancing Pavilion to-
niffht (Friday).
Wants Trade Union Rate of
Wages on the Point     *
Grey Job
When the Workers' Party of Canada first took the unemployed situation under consideration, it was decided that ou nil occn^ions the policy
should be trade union rate of wages
on relief work, or full maintenance
for the unemployed. This policy has
been strictly adhered to by the representatives of the party who have
taken part in the movement to secure
relief for the unemployed, and when
the provincial government reduced
tho wagos on tho U.B.C. Job at Point
Grey from 40 conts to 35 cents per
hour, the following wire was sont to
Acling-Premior Hon. Mr. Mnnson:
"We, tho membors of lho Vancou*
ver Branch of tho, Workers' Party of
Canada, do hereby protest against the
reduction of wages from '10 to 35
cents per hour for men employed at
tho University site at Point Grey, and
demand thoso men be paid the trade
union rato of wages."
Recording Socretary.
Forum Meeting
The usual Forum will be held at
tho W. P. Hall, 303^ Pender Street
West, from 3 to 5 p.m., on Sunda"y.
J^n. 21, when "European Currencies
and Certnin Social Consequences of
Depreciation" will he the subject dealt
with by T. H. Boggs, Ph. D.
Washington—The bureau of mines
says that Its reports.from State mine
inspectors indicate that approximately
1950 fatal accidents occurred at coal
mines in this country last yonr. These
aro tentative figures, and while they
are 23 fatalities loss than lti 1921, tho
1922 fatnlity rate will not bo lowered.
Tho bureau states that in relation to
the quantity of coal producod tho accident rato will bo higher than that
for 1921.
Now York—William C. Atwntor &
Co., mino agents and exporters of coal,
announce a 1300 per cent, stock dividend. Tho capital stock will be increased  from  $100,000  to  $1,400,000.
Label Leaguo Danco I
Don't forgot ~tho Label Leaguo
Whist Drivo and Dance at the Alexandra Dancing Pavilion, on Friday,
Janunry 10th. Boost the label by attending this dance.
South  Vancouver   Jobless
Send Delegates to the
The condition of the unemployed In
South Vancouver is critical, and the
momberu of theunemployed association
aro wondering what will happen next.
At the meeting held last Monday
night, two delegates were elected to
attend the Labor Representation committee meeting, to be held on Friday,
the 2flth. Two delegates were also
elected to attend the Unemployed
Conference on Feb. 1,
The financial position of lho muni
cipallty of South Vancouver was thoroughly discussed, the reeve and council came in for considerable criticism,
but the unemployed are elated at the
election of G. H. Hardy to the new
council, but regret lhat Mrs. Drummond and Mr. Tennant were not
The unemployed feel that they are
now near tho end of their tether;
delegations have been sent to one after
another of the authorities, but no results have bcen secured,
The next meeting will be held in
the Municipal Hall, corner of Fraser
and 43rd Avenue, on MondnV next,
when a new secretary will be elected,
Secretary Woods having tendered his
resignation through _-trcss of work
Turkey   Unnoticed   Takes
Big Step Tor
Constantinople—Almost unnoticed
by Lhe press, a movement of profound
significance has taken place in Turkey. A separation of church and
State has been successfully undertaken. Tho Schelchul-Islam, tho highest
dignitary of the Mohammedan faith in
Turkey, who is at the same time commissary for religious affairs, has gone
on a leave of absence of six months.
Thlg means that he will either nevor
return, or, if he does, ho will have no
connection With tlie government.
The establishment of a republic in
Turkey is snid to be especially gratifying, outside of Turkey, to Hindu revolutionists throughout Europe, who
bolieve that this important step in
the direction of democracy cannot but
have a far-reaching effect upon tho
millions of Hindu Moslems,
Resurrects Lie About Number of Executions in
Soviet Russia
(By F. S. R. Press Service)
Chicago—Its appetite for blood,
whetted by tales oOTurklsh and Greek
atrocities, lhe Chicago Trlbuno has
resurrected the lie ubout "one million
executions'' in Bua(da* '-Tho story Is a
worthy follower of thoso- other immense falsehoods—tho Sisson documents, the nationalization of women,
etc., nil of which woro duly expounded
by the Chicago sheet.
As a matter of fact, tho exaggerated
figure Is considered by such authorities as tho British committeo which
investigated the Russian revolution,
and officials of the American relief
administration as preposterous. The
number published by the Soviet government and accepted as roliablo evon
by antagonistic observers, is less than
20,000. While big when contemplated
In the void, this estimate loses bulk
when viewed as part of an opochal
revolution, seething with counter-revolutionary plots, civil war, hatreds.
Tlie Tribune has Its story, perhaps
indirectly, from the lady who first Invented it, Madame Ponafldino, tho widow of a Czarist official whoso imagination lms suffered from tho loss. Her
story, moreover, appeared first in tho
Paris Gaulois, n right wing monarchist publication, which, like tho Tribune, gavo complote credence to tho
lmorai lie nbou the nationalization of
women. *
New York—The Mexican consulate
general warns persons contemplating
going to Mexico for employment not
to forward money to private agencies,
Theso concerns aro advertising In the
daily press for workers to go to Mexico, wlier enormous -salaries aro alleged to bo paid. Tho consulate general says the#depnrlment of Labor in
Mexico City maintains a bureau of information for workers wishing to obtain employment In Mexico, and its
services aro without cost.
Now York—Congrcfcsmnnman-clect
F. H, LnGuardfa, former presidont of
tlie board of aldcrmen^of New York
City, has bought ten shares of stock
in ' tho Russian-American Industrial
Corporation. In a letter accompanying his cheque, he expresses full confidence in the succoss of tho clothing
concession. Other recent subscribers
Include James Duncan, secretary of
tlio Seattlo Central Labor Council, and
the Taeoma Central Labor Union.
• Be sure to notify tho post office bb
Boon as you change your address.
Trades Council Elects Officers for 1923
*******        ******        ******        ******    ******        ******    *******
Protests Against Low Wages on Point Grey Job
BY a standing vote against the wagea paid on the U.B.C. site clearing job at Point Grey, the delegates to the Vancouver Trades and Labor'Council in no uncertain manner showed their resentment
to the treatment being handed out to the unemployed by the provincial government. Delegate Hardy
made the motion and spontaneously the delegates rose to their feet as a protest against the starvation
wages being offered.
While President Neelands, General Secretary Bengough, Secretary-Treasurer Showier and Statistician Hey met with no opposition for re-election, there was much iuterest and keen contests for all
other offices. The position for vice-president was contested by three candidates: they were Pettipiece, Flynn and Smylie, and only after two ballots were t^ken was Smylie elected by a majority of
two votes.
Mrs. Mahon defeated W. Dunn for the position of sergeant-at-arms, and four ballots were necessary
before the following trustees were elected: Nixon, Macdonald, Hale and Dunn. The question of the
composition of the editorial board was referred to the executive to report at the next meeting. Mrs.
Mahon and P. R. Bengough were elected to the Hospital Board.     Delegate Pettipiece installed the
"'gates was a -jpatter for the locals tof he stated that the Street Railwaymen
A delegation from the Street and
Electric Railway Employees, consisting of W. H. Cottrell, F. A. Hoover,
A. Lofting and R. Anderson, seeking
to remove some of the difficulties
which prevented the affiliation of the
organization they represented, with
the council, was given the opportunity
of presenting their case.
W. H. Cottrell was the flrst speaker,
and ln opening he stated that he would
be moro at home on the floor of the
hall than on the platform. He referred to the conference which was held
some time ago for the purpose of
bringing about greater unity In the
Labor movoment of Vancouver, and
stated that he had bcen disappointed
wilh the results of thot gathering,
and that he h^d thought that it would
be better if the representatives of tho
non-affiliated locals took the matter
up w'th the council direct.
Voices Objections
Continuing, he stated that he would
In voicing the objections at present in
tlie way, not be out of sympathy with
the lotter organization Ct the movement, and If said anything of a critical nature, it would be with the intention of bringing about a thoroughly
organized movement In tho city. Referring to the conditions which faced
the workers on the North American
Continent, he said. There never was
more need for unity on tho part of
the workers; thero is a movement all
over the contirment to break up the
Labor movement, and tho flght was
tho flght of the Street Railwaymen,
and it was now keener than ever while
the employers had the advantage, bo-
causo of the unernployment prevailing
and the disruption in the Labor movement, and he urged that the little differences be dropped.
Tho O. B. U. movement was the next
touched on, and tho speaker pointed
put Its effects on the movement, but
he pointed out that thb breach was
not past healing, although the trouble
was not all over. Referring to the
objections taken by the Streot Railwaymen, he instanced the clause in
lhe constitution dealing with organizations eligible to nfllliatlon, and stated that all bona flde unions should bc
admitted, irrespective as to their affiliation with' Trade Congress or the
A. F. of L. Tho eligibility of delegates for office was next referred to,
and tlie speaker took the stand t^t
each delegate should be eligible for
offico after his election as a delegate
to the council by thc orgnnization he
Per Capita Tax
Per capita tax was next dealt with,
and the speaker pointed out that with
lhe present per capita lax, his organi;
zatlon, with its membership, would
hav* to pay over a thousand dollars
per year, and that this pressure was
more than tlio organization could
stand, us the locnl organizntion had
to como flrst, and he urged that some
maximum amount be fixed. Referring
to the difficulties in question, he urged
that the council do all that could be
done to make the movement stronger,
and  lhat the  personnel of the dole-
Labor Representation Committee Will Be Augmented by New Men
At tho first meeting of representatives of trado unions and working
class political ^rganlztTtlons, held in
December last, for the purposo of
bringing about a united working class
political front, a sub-commlttoo was
formed for tho purpose of bringing In
recommendation;-! at the next meeting, tho calling of which was left in
the hands of the sub-committee. The
date of that meoting has now been
sot, and it will bo hold In tho Labor
Temple, 31f) Pender Stroet West, on
Friday, January 26. ,
Alt organizations havo been notifiod
ns to tho dato of the meeting,'and a
list- of tho recommendations which
will be submitted to tlio meeting has
als£ been forwarded. Tho number of
organizations which are expected to
bo represented will be greater than at
tho last meeting, many credentials
having been received by tho socretary,
for delegates from organizations
which wore not representedvnt the
last meeting.
Alt working clnss industrial, political and unemployed organizations aro
entitled to be represented at this
moeling, and nre urged to send thcir
Label League Banco
Don't forget the Label Leaguo
Whist Drlvo and Danco at tho Alexandra Dancing Pavilion, on Friday,
January 19lh. Boost the label by attending this dance.
decide.      __________________
F. A. Hoover was the next speaker,
and he stated that the object of the
delegation was not to dictate as to the
constitution of the council, but for the
purpose of bringing about unity. It
Is not necessary to go back Into history, stilted the speaker, but he had
always regretted the withdrawal of
the Street Railwaymen from the
council, and he had been pleased to
note the call which had been sent out
In the city to the local unions nonaffiliated. Referring to the conference
which had been held Borno time ago,
Organize 22,000 Workers in
Four Months in Spite
of Laws
Graphic Description of Difficulties and Work of
[By AnisC]'
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Moscow (by delayed'mail)—It's a
hard job for the workers of the world
to understand each other. We sit
hore in a wonderful hall, the Labor
Temple of Moscow, onco a nobleman's
club. Under the chandeliers of crystal
and between the pillars of marble,
from a great platform decorated with
welcoming banners of red—the speakers hurl at us their remarks In Russian and German and French, and, occasionally, English. We are at the
congress of the Red International of
Labor Unions.
I should hate to be one of the speakers. For one-fourth of his audience
listens to him, while all the rest sit
round nt tables, contentedly reading
pamphlets or holding whispered discussing, nr strolling out to tho refreshment hall to get a glass of tea. Thoy
couldn't understand him, anyway, so
they don't even pretend to listen.
Then suddenly he is through; perhaps a bell tinkles, or somebody calls
'translations," and every language
group crowds- around its own central
tables, and hears what the speaker
has just said. You hear thc French
group applauding, and then a littlo
later, the German group applauding,
ond then perhaps lhe English translation is finished, and tho delegates
settle back in thcir chairs and the
next speaker starts.
Sometimes it is even moro complicated. For there are 42 nations represented, from all parts of the world,
and some of the dclegntes cannot even
speak any of tho four official languages of the convontioh. So a Chinese makes his talk, and it is translated into Russian, and afterwards
from Russinn into tho other languages.
Or an Arab brings a messago from
tho Arabian worker.", and an English
comrade translates him; or a Persian
tolls of tho in,000 Persian workers recently organized, and is translated first
Into French, and then into tho other
After a lime you get brain fag. All
day long you go around visiting Russian factories, or perhaps spend the
timo In the Krcmelin, where the meetings of the' Cffmmunlat International
were held, and where tho trado union
delegates were all given tickets of admission.
And then, just when you nre saying
(Continued on page 4)
Eli_rto.l  an rojircBi'iitoHvo of  Lnhor  on
tlio Smith Vancouver Municipal Council
had appointed delegates to attend, and
it seemed to him that after hearing
tho reports of their delegates, that the
objections raised could be easily removed, and this applied to other nonaffiliated organizations, and that the
provisions made ln the constitution nt
one time, were no longer necessary.
He concluded by stating that he wished to see his organization back in the
council, and that there were no obstacles too great to be overcome so that
unity could be secured.
A. Lofting supported the stand of
the previous speakers, and R. Anderson,*tn supporting his colleagues, Btated that there had been a move to form
another council made at the conference, and while he did not agree with
this move, each organization should
be allowed to choose its own representative.
To Hold Special Mooting
It was finally decided, owing to the
number of delegations wHIch appeared before the council, and the lateness of the hour, that the matter
could not be effectively dealt with at
the meeting then in session, and that
a special meeting of tho council would
bo held on Tuesday, January 30, so
that the matter could be dealt with
A delegation from 1he B. C. Medical Association, composed of Drs,
Munro, Lyle Telford and Clark,
appeared before the council to lay the
caso of the medical officers of the
Federated Crafts Medical Association,
who had been dismissed. At the next
regular meeting of the council, the
representatives of the association will
be given an opportunity of presenting
thetr case.
Mrs. Drummond and J. Wood appeared as a delegation from the unemployed conference committee, asking
the council to appoint two delegates
to attend the conference to be held on
February 1, in the City Hall. Mrs.
Drummond was tlie first speaker, and
she drew a vivid picture of the sufferings of the unemployed in Soutli
Vancoupver, stating that the people
wero underclothod nnd underfed;
that it was the duly of organized labor
to support the conference, as the delegations which appeared before the authorities wore useless, and something
more would have to be done to relieve
the distress which prevailed.
J. Woods stated that a complete
review of the work done since August
last would be presented to the conference. He also stated lhat when Minister of Lalior Murdock was in tho
city, he had given time to listen lo
tlie views of the unemployed, but that
nothing had been done. -Referring to
the efforts of the unemployed, he
stated that everything had beon done
to keep up the wages, and also called
the attention of tho council to the
fact that after the unemployed representatives had seen Attorney General Manson, the wages on tho U. B.
C, site clearing job had been reduced
from 40 to 35 cents per hour. Tlie
situation had also boen taken up with
(Continued on Pnge 4)
Hold Him on Same Charge
as Foster and
Cleveland—Tho first of 54 additional
defendants In tho Michigan criminal
syndicalism cases was arrested horo
by federal nuthorlllns when A. V. He-
verino of the local bricklayers union
was held for extradition from Ohio.
The governor will be asked to deliver
Severino to tbe Michigan authorities
to bo triod with \Vm. Z. Foster and
the 10 others previously arrested and
now out on bail, Tho trial is scheduled for Feb. 26.
Tho alleged offense of 71 individuals
for whom warrants havo been Issifed
Is that they participated in a secret
meeting, supposed to be of Communists, near Brldgman in Berrien County,
Michigan, Aug 21, It is charged thai
they conspired agninst the government.
Attempts to extradite Edward Llndgren from New York failed in hearings before Gov. Miller. Tlio federal
department of justice, which engineered tho August raid, though tho offences are against a state law, Is
working i<» apprehend the Remaining
Moscow—Tne academy of sciences
of Soviet Russia has elected Prof. Albert Einstein as an honorary membor,
This tribute lo the author of the Einstein theory of relativity Is especially
interesting In view of the fact that au
expression of difference of opinion on
tho theory by a Communist has been
maliciously broadcasted as an "official
Bolshevik excommunication" of tho
Still Fighting Lower Standard of Living for
The Milk Salesmen and Dairy Employees Union wishes to draw the at-
tentlon of the readers of The Federatlonist to the fact thai the South Van-i
couver Creamery is not delivering
milk now, and is all right aB far as
the present disagreement ls concerned.
At the last meeting, Bro. Chris Tates
was presented with a gold emblem,
testifying to the fact that he was a
past-president of the local. Members
of the working class are particularly
urged to remember that the Valley
Dairy has reduced the living conditions of their employees, from $10 to
$30 a month; further, that the Royal
Dairy Is now actively engaged in endeavoring to find ways and means to
break up the Labor movement, one
of the partners, Mr. Hoy, giving an
address at a meeting held in this city
on how to break up unions. This firm
supplies stores, so when purchasing
your milk from a store, Insist on thc
storekeeper giving you milk delivered
by union milkmen. The following
dairies employ union men exclusively:
Purity Dairy Ltd., Fraser Valley Dairies Ltd. When phoning thom for a
supply of milk, Bay you read it ln The
Charged with Being at Alleged Michigan Com-.
munist Gathering
Minneapolis—Charged with having
been present at tbe alleged Communist meeting at Bridgninn, Michigan,
Aug. 21, 1922, Alexis Georgian, local
book denier, was arrested and held
for extradition, Georgian, whose
radical views brought persecution by
the government upon him during and
immediately after tho war, denies that
he was nt tho Michigan affair, and
will fight through hnbeas corpus proceedings, it is understood. He waB
taken to the'etty jail. Attorneys have
begun proceedings in his behalf. With
A. V. Severino, Cleveland, Georgian is
the first of f>4 defendants to be arrested since the 20 who were taken in
Givo a littlo encouragement to our
Walsh    and   Hibben
Hoover Against
(By F. S. R. Press Service)
New York—Herbert Hoover, secretnry of commerce, was accused of
blocking recognition of Soviet Russia
by the United Slates, and of doing so
In connection with an International
bankers' plot. The oharge was launched at a meeting for recognition al
Lexington theatre here on January 7,
by Frank P. Walsh and by Captain
Paxton Hibben.
The crowd which filled the hall,
showed its anger against Hoover with
loud hisses, which were duly recorded
in tlio next morning's papers. The
speakers cited facts whicli they claimed supported tlieir charge, .among
these that Hoover was intriguing wilh
a view to helping tbo Urquhart Company of England regain its Russian
concessions. Hoover is known to be
associated wilh that company.
"Tho • man barring recognition,"
Walsh said, "iho central spoke in the
wheel in the President's cabinet, is
Herbert Hoover. I charge that It Is
a. pari of the plot of lhe International
bankers, whose friend Hoover is, to
soo that Urquhurt gels back bis concessions, and that England, which
needs the money, gets into itussia lie
foro tho United States."
Othor speakers wore Dudley Malone, James H. Maurer and Jerome T.
Dellunt. Sidney Hillman, who was at
Baltimore at tho time, sent in a telegram begging to be excused. In the
collection, $100 each was donated by
Malone, Walsh ami Henry A. Dlx.
The last is tho man who recently
gained nation wide attention by handing over his business to his workers
on certnin terms.
Labor Government to Care for Un-
*> employed and Sick
Labor Farms to Be Established for Unemployed   '
[By Francis W. Ahern]
(Federated Presfe Correspondent)
Brisbane, Queensland—The Queensland Labor government has provided
for thc establishment of unemployed
insurance and unemployment councils.
The councils will have power to inquire into the causes of and extent
of unemployment, and adopt the most
effective measures to temporarily or
permanently reduce or eliminate unemployment. The workers and the
employers concerned and the government will each pay one-third of the
contributions necessnry to establish an
unemployment insurance fund.
Employers are to be forced to proceed with works, which can be reasonably carried on to relieve unomploymont. Where it is thought that employers arc failing tb proceed with or
begin works which could reasonably
be carried on, the government has the
power to order them to take such
steps that wilt be effective In reducing
or eliminating unemployment
Labor farms are to be established
to which unemployed men may be admitted. For this labor each such
man will bo pnid at a j'a'to which the
government will- fix. Any such man,
unless physically unfit, who refuses to
work on the farm without just cause,
may be dismissed, and debarred from
receiving allowances from the fund.
If without reasonable excuse a workor refuses to accept work offered to
bim, ho Bhall not for 30 days be entitled to receive any allowance. Objection to joining a union will not b'e
a reasonable excuse for refusing to
accept work. However n stoppage of
work, owing to an industrial dispute
will be regarded as a good excuse for
refusal to accept a job.
Where any worker has repeatedly
lost his employment by reason of imperfect technical knowledge or skill,
the government will sec that he receives instruction at any state technical college or other Institution, the
cost of snch instruction to come from
tho fund.
Tlio sustenance rates paid from tho
fund are the same for mate and female workors, and range from $3.75
to $5, acocrdlng to locality for single
persons. Male workers supporting a
wife and family are to be paid from
$0.25 to $9, and in addition there is
an allowance of each child under 16
of $1.25 per week.
Union Label Danco
Help boost the union label by attending the Label League Danco in
lho Alexandra Dancing Pavilion tonight  (Friday).
St. Joseph, Mich.—Borrlon county
will not bo bankrupted by the criminal syndicalism trials for which preliminary hearings hnvo already beon
held. Outsido money will be available to help lhe county prosecute the
Labor mrn charged with participating
in a secret meeting Aug. 21. This promise was made In the supervisors by
District Attorney Charles W. Gore,
who statod thut the county would
emerge financially sound from the
I rials.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
Tho Federatlonist, and thon cajl
around next day ior a subscription.
Cities Sell Whatever Will
Bring Paper
[Hy   Louis   P.   Lochner]
I European   Dir.   Federated  Press)
Berlin—Germany is selling out. Just
as Vienna has disposed of her art
treasures, her jewelry, her gold and
silver in private bands, so Berlin nnd
'.lie other cities are disposing of whatever will bring paper marks in return
for objects of value dating from better times.
Old clothes, uniforms, embroidery
and the like are being sold In a shop
established with the approval of the
municipality in what was formerly the
Imporial castle of William II. Almost
like mushrooms, 4000 tittle shops
have sprung up within (lie last threo
months, ench of them beating tbo
familiar sign: Gold, Silver nud .Iewel«
Bought, You lind these shops everywhere.
One of thc familiar sights is that of
a somewhat shabbily but tidily dressed
Woman, a lady of refliieiiioui, and her
husband, with threadbare coat but
wilh a still proud face, gazing intently
for a moment at th'e sign with its bait.
At Highest Prices.
The "highest prices" sign meant
for the show window. Inside its a loan
shark of tho worst typo who has but
ono concern, lo mako the best possible
bargain. He offers hor a sum ridiculously low; yet she finally accepts, remembering that there are hungry
children at home, or lhal a suit of
clothes imml be bought for father.
The vultures wbo sit In these pawnshop dons aro experts on Jewelry.
Tbey count tho fact thai lho person's
powor of resistance is broken, and
who will yield lo suggestion rather
than make a fight. Tho class of Germans that has jewelry lo offer still
unconsciously figures in pre-war
pricos and lhat will consider that a
ploco of jowelry bought for, say 20
murks ($5 In peace times) is well sold
if it brings 20,000 marks («0 cents at
today's exchange).
II is estimated lhat Die dally amount
paid out In Berlin alone by lhe 4000
bock shops is 200,000,000 pnper
And who buys treasures, those wedding gifts, ttiese tokens of nffoctlon,
with sentimental values far exceeding
even the gold vulues? Tho foreigner,
of this there cnn be no doubt. And
ibe German, knowing thiB, grows increasingly bitter, PAGE TWO
fifteenth tear, no. t BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouve^;
a c.
FRIDAY. January 1>. !»»«
Published every Friday morning by The B. C. Federatlonist
Business Offlce:   1189 Howe Street
Editorial   Office:    Room   306—319   Pender   Street  West
Editorial Board:  P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, George Bartley.          ■
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per
year; Canada, 92.50 per year, $1.60 for six months; to
Unions subscribing in a body, 1 tic per member per
Unity of Labor: The Hope of the World
FRIDAY January   19.   1923
Tbe Edmonton Miners' Strike and
the Minister of Labor
In Defence of the Eight-hour Day
[By J. Walcher, Berlin]
Unemployment and the Necessity for
Trade Union Action
WHILE THOUSANDS are unemployed, politician^
and the capitalist press are yapping about the
need for immigrants in this country. Thc Vancouver Sun suggests that the skilled artisans are unemployed becauso there are not enough unskilled
workers in,the country. A local incident will, however, show that such is not the caso, and that there
are still hundreds of men in the City of Vancouver
who arc willing to work as common laborers at the
lowest wagos.   ■
# *        #
When tho announcement was made that the
Provincial government was to start men clearing
the site for the U. B. O. at Point Grey, the rush at
the employment office was so great that there were
about five men for every job offered. Nine hundred registered for this job, the rate of wages offered
being far below the trade union rate.
The rush was not stopped, even after the wages
were reduced. There are plenty of applicants for
work at 35 cents per hour, and 25 cents out of that
amount for car fares. This is a situation that all
trades unions must take into consideration.
The situation is serious. The standard of living
of the workers is being lowered at an alarming rate.
On February 1} an unemployment conference will
be held in the Oity HaU, to which all trade unions
have been requested to send delegates, and the call
should not be neglected. With an army of unemployed, skilled and unskilled workers, the wages of
all workers are threatened, and the Point Orey job
will have its effect on thc wages of all workers unless they get together and demand and secure the
trade union rate of wages on this particular undertaking.
Day Labor and Labor Representatives
ALL administrative bodies arc as yet to some extent amenable to public opinion, or perhaps a
better term would be, pressure from those interested
in thcir doings. Labor has as yet not learned to
place its own representatives in Uie legislative halls,
but is still content to go cap in hand to the elected
officials of the old party schools; but even when
they do elect a member of their own class, they do
not give that support which they should to one of
their own, who is, we are sorry to say, usually in
a minority.   ,
Tho ruling class, recognizing that their representatives arc human beings and open to suggestions, see to it that they are kept supplied with
ideas and up to pitch by propaganda through the
daily pross and other methods of inculcating a
proper state of mind in thc legislators who are
chosen to represent thc big interests, and if by any
chance they do not prove amenable to the suggestions offered, then the ruling class soon sees to
it that they have very different representatives.
# *        *
At this particular time we have in mind the members of thc Provincial House, who represent the
workers, and who during thc last session were not
given that support which the workers might have
given them, and the alderman who in thc city of
Vancouver is lhe representative of Labor, namely
Alderman Pettipiece, who hus also been somewhat
neglected by the Labor movement when that movement was seeking to secure some measure of relief
from-the City Council.
# * #
One of the stands taken by organized labor for
many years has been that all Labor representatives,
when elected, should seek to abolish tlie contract
system on public works. But while seeking to have
this system wiped out when drawing up programmes, thc workers forget that only by tlieir
assistance can their elected representatives secure
the measures they seek.
In a recent issue ol; The Journal of Commerce nnd
Building Record, published in Vancouver, there ap
pears au editorial condemning Alderman Pettipiece
for seeking to have day lahor substituted for the
contract system in civic affairs. Thc arguments set
out in Ute editorial in question, do not appear to
noed mueh contradiction to make them worthless.
Needless to say they arc advanced iu order to show
that the day lahor plan is thc most costly, hut it
must be pointed out that there is not a contractor
in thc City of Vancouver, who will not, when seeking
to secure some contract, state that if the contract
is given him on thc cost plus plan, that he will be
able to do better work and give greater satisfaction.
It is hardly necessary to point out that tho plus
goos to the contractor, but if the argument which
the contractor will put up to secure work on this
basis is correct, then the City of Vancouver can do
tho work by day labor and save the plus.
But while the employers are spreading their propaganda against thc Labor programmo in this
respect, what arc thc labor organizations doing.
They are silent, and like John the Baptist, Alderman
Pettipiece *s voice is like one crying in the wilderness. His efforts are receiving no support from organized labor, and in this and all other matters it
is time that the organized labor movement recognized that it has a duty to perform, and that is, to
support its chosen representatives in all tlieir activities wliich are in keeping with the policies of
tho Labor movement, and that that duty is'just as
important as that imposed on the selected representatives of Labor, whieh is to keep faith with
those who chose them to act as thcir spokesmen.
The moral of this is that all labor organizations
should send their ideas on this question to the City
Council and the Provincial government; it may at
least secure some action, but if it does not it will
at least be practico for the workers in supporting
working class representatives.
LAST week we received a copy of a newspaper,
supposedly published in the interests of Labor. 'mHE international capitalist offensive
Quite naturally, being curious as to the ideas held j A againBt  the  eight-hour day  has
by those in control ot papers purporting to represent Labor, we turned to tlie editorial page, and
our surprise was so great at what we read there,
that to make sure our eyes did not deceive us, we
again turned to the front page to see if we had not
by mistake taken up a paper published in the interests of the ruling class. In spite of the wish that
our mistake would be proven, we found that the
comments read were contained in a paper, not labor,
not capitalistic, in the ordinary sense, but in a
treacherous sheet disguised as a labor journal, to
wit, The New Democracy, published in Hnmilton,
Ontario, by whom we do not know; and thc editor,
whoever he may be, should refrain from informing
his readers ns to who and what he is, for his name
should be "mud."
Headers of the Federationist will recall that there
has been a strike of miners in the Edmonton and
district coalfields. The strike is for the right of
collective bargaining, and so that we may not be
misunderstood, we would call the attention of our
renders to the following editorial comment from the
Alberta Labor News, a sheet which is not ultra radical. The comment on this strike, is in part, as
We flnd augmented police forces, and read and
hoar, from day to day, of happenings that should
rievj&r have entered Into this dispute.
We know of wholesale arrests of miners ln large
numbers, and put in jail, separated from wives and
children in many cases, and know also of the harrowing conditions that prevail in these homes because of an enforced absence of husband and father
who was also the breadwinner, but whose meagre
reward for his labors, and many of the conditions
undor which ho labored, impelled him to seek redress
through his rightful labor organization—the United
Mine Workors of America.
The later development, aa a result of their husbands' enforced absence from home, is that the wives
by natural impulse aro replacing their husbands in
the service of the miners' organization to aid in the
work that is to be carried on.
In this work the women also havo suffered, and
heartrending are the accounts of recent happenings
that have resulted in injuries to a number of tho
There is no Indication of modified activity, rather
does the treatment meted out to the miners have the
effect of strengthening their resolve to carry on their
work until there is conceded to them that recognition
as humans that they rightfully seek, and that the
mining industry owes to them as a basic industry.
All these things have happened because there exists
an attitude and state of mind on the part of the
mine operators (with two exceptions) of the Edmonton field that Is not reasonable and cannot by any
process of reasoning be justified.
* * *
Having read the above, the situation would- appear to thc average man to be that an attempt on
thc part of the coal operatorsrto crush the attempts
of the miners to organize and to have collective
bargaining had been made. The minister of labor,
the Hon. Mr. Murdock, when appealed to by the
representatives of the miners, refused to call off the
special and mounted police., and in so doing berated
the miners for their actions. The New Democracy,
in discussing the actions of this renegade member
of a labor union, has the following to offer to its
That Labor chose wisely when it chose for its Federal representative the Hon. Mr. Murdock, ls Instanced by the high tributes paid him by the press
ln every part of Canada for hia action in connection
with the United Mlno Workers' strike in Edmonton.
It took not a little courage on the part of the Federal
Minister of Labor to deliver the ultimatum he did.
Pressure was brought, to bear on him to protect
the alleged Interests of the mine workers, who resorted to "rough house" tactics during the picketing
operations. The call for interference by the secretary of the United Aline Workers but invoked a 10-
buke from the minister, who called attention to the
faet that he was not placed in his present high olllce
for factional purposes, but was a trustee for the
peace of the nation-nt largo.
Those familiar with the incidents of that strik'.
freely admit on all sides—including those in the
ranks of Labor—that the ruling of the minister whon
he was asked to use his influence to call off the
mounted police, was just, for the men had exceeded
all bounds covered by the comprehensive words,
"peaceful picketing,"
Such men of the calibre of the Hon. Mr. Murdock
lend a status of dignity and sanity to the Labor movement that should be appreciated by the rank and file.
Such men win und hold the confidence of the public
as being trustworthy. He Is not bound by any narrow ties of dictatorship too often imposed on Labor
leaders who havo secured prominent^ positions in the
government of the country. Such men are rare, oven
outside the Labor movement. Such m6n should have
the undivided support of tho party they represent.
Hut too often they are not appreciated. And there
fs no doubt that tho Hon. Mr. Murdock has added to
his enemies by the action ho took In tho matter of
tho United Mlno Workors. However, the Hon. Mr.
Murdock has the satisfaction of knowing that he
did his duty in respect to the intorests of tho community at largo, and if that action Is mado a lever
to ovorthrow him In the future, ho will prefer defeat
to subjugation by any claas that deliberately seeks to
defy tho law.
It is necessary in replying to the above to point
out that Mr. Murdock is not the choice of labor as
minister- of Labor; he was the choice of thc ruling
class of this country, or that section of it which is
represented by the Liberal party. He was well
chosen. He is a true servant, and a servile onc at
that, of tho ruling powers of this country and an
active an ardent supporter of thc coal operators
of Edmonton, as ngainst the workers, His actions
prove once again that a man cannot serve two masters. No representative of Labor ean serve the
workers nnd receive emoluments from tho ruling
clnss, and if it is true as statod by tho paper referred to, that he represents Labor, then all we can
say is that it is time that Labor commenced a real
house-cleaning campaign. In days gone by, when
the workers were faced by a united ruling class in
the days of thc general strike of 1919, we made caus-
tic comments ou the actions of the lato "lamented"
minister of Labor, the Hon. Senator Robertson, and
if the present incumbent of that office wishes to
know the opinions of this paper on his actions with
respect to the Edmonton coalfields, we would suggest that he read our comments of those days, and
then realize thnt it is impossible for us to add anv
further comment on his actions, as they would be
refused the mail. He can, like the rag which supports his actions, realize that we have some sympathy with u Biblical character who went and hanged
himself, but wc have no use for Mr. WinvAnah n*. M«
agalnBt ^^^^^^^^^^^
been carried on with special energy
In Germany during the laet few
months. In this struggle, no means is
too small to be despised by the capitalists. At one time they throw a sop to
the workers and another Ume ,t hey use
the whip; anything to subdue them.
But the greater the determination with
which the German workers hold fast
to the eight-hour day, the moro energetically they ward off all attacks,
tho greater the tendency of tho capitalists to use tbe Whip.
Tho situation of the Gorman proletary daily becomes worso. Tbe wagos
are miserable But it is just thoso
miserable wages wliich render It possible for the German capitalists to
sell at cut-throat competitive prices
ull over tho world, and which thus
give foreign capitalists a plausible excuse for introducing wage reductions
and other retrogressive measures for
their workers.
In Germany, tho recognition that
things cannot and must not go on as
they are has led to the mighty Shop
Stewards movement.
The German capitalists Immediately
recognized the dangers stored for them
In the shop stewards movement. They
declared war against it, and threatened with dlsmiaaal every participant in
the congreaa of German shop stewards.
The capitalist exploiters were In such
f their effect. The misery of the proletarians, exploited aa they are by the
moat brutal group of capitalists, has
become ao extreme, that instead of
being a subjugating factor, it has become a revolutionary factor. Official
statistics show 95 per cent, of the
children to bo tubercular. At a great
women's demonstration held on Dec.
5, there were terrible and affecting
scenes. Women toro off their clothes,
and showed that they wore only their
upper clothing on their naked bodies.
When tho attempt waB mado to Induce
tho women to persuade thcir husbands to return to work, in order to
alleviate their misery, they replied:
"Tho moro work, tho more misery!
We have nothing moro to lose! We
have loat everything alreadyl"
The misery has reached such a
point that the fighters havo adopted
the one-time watchword of the Lyons
silk weavers: "Live working or die
lighting." This is tho spirit inspiring
the strikers..
Thc fighters wilt not return to the
factory unless as victors. But left to
their own resources, thoir own organizations against them, they are not In
a position to win the victory. The
victory can only be secured for them
if the whole international proletariat
Unites in active aolidarity. In Germany the whole of the class-conscious
proletariat is demonstrating Its solidarity with the strikers, Despite the
threats of the employers, deBplte the
counter-agitation of numerous trade
union    bureaucrats,    collections   are
a hurry to carry out their threats,' made In all large factories, etc.
that even during the congress they
conveyed notice of dismissal by telephone to a number of delegates from
various provincial placea.
In many cases the determined attitude and solidarity of the workers
waa successful in forcing the employ-
this was not the case with the Baden i
Aniline and Soda Factory in Ludw'lg-
ahafen on the Rhine. The 22,000 workers of this factory had aent throe
delegates to the Shop Stewards Con-i
gross. These were dismissed without
notice. All the workers Immediately
adopted passive resistance. The Shop
Stewards negotiated with the directors
with regard to withdrawal of tho dismissals. The reply was the closing
down of the works, tho looking out of
all the workers.
This impudent provocation roused
the ire of the workers to the boiling
point. The next day a conference of
the confidential representatives of the
workers declared the general strike
for the whole of the Ludwlgshafen.
And not the workers of Ludwlgshafen
alone, but the whole proletariat of the
province declared Its solidarity with
the locked-out workers. Tho general
strike spread over the whole province.
The local representatives of the
trade unions at first adopted an uncertain attitude. But the committees of
the organizations involved, especially
the Factory Workers Union, whose attitude is decisive, declared the strike
to be "wild," and refused to pay out
strike beneflt. This was not all; the
same trade union leaders, whoae duty
it is to represent the Interests of Labor against capital ranged themselves on the side of the employers,
and of the occupation authorities, and
organized a comprehensive campaign
against the strike.
The brute force of the capitalists,
the arbitrariness of the police, and the
lies of the trade union bureaucracy
and social democracy—this now quite
customary trinity—combined to undermine the fighting will of the workers.
But this time, these methods, so
often successfully employed, failed in
Large sums are raised, but not sufflclent to support 30,000 strikers, with
wlvea and children, for many weeks.
At the prosent time about 40 million
marka are required weekly. Such an
amount cannot be raised without the
aid of our claas comrades abroad.
We are fully confident that the appeal to foreign comrndes to aid the
Ludwlgshafen workers will not be in
vain. But it is not only a question of
giving, but of giving promptly. Here
it ia indeed the case: "Ho gives twice
who glvea quickly." Every individual
foreign class comrade, if he thinks
the matter over only for five minutes,
must appreciate the fact that he Is
helping himself if he hastens to the
aid of the strikers. The eight-hour
day is threatened throughout the
world, We may aay without exaggeration that the fate of the eight-hour
day ls being decided in Germany. And
as the real aim and object of this
mighty struggle is to deprive the workers of the eight-hour day, it follows
that the workers of Ludwlgshafen are
holding the fort for its defense and
retention, and therefore they are the
champions not only of the German
proletariat, but also of the International proletariat.
The significance of this struggle
should not be under-estimated abroad.
If the Ludwlgshafen workers, thanks
to the fraternal support of the workers
of all countries, and despite the treachery of the Amsterdam trade union
leaders, succeed in breaking the arrogance of the aniline kings, this will
signify a turning point ln the German
Labor movement. For then It will be
proved that the time is at an end
when the workers could only look on,
ln Impotent rage, while the nerveless,
battle-shy trade union bureaucrats
sacrificed the class interests of the proletariat on the altar of capitalist "reconstruction."
Remember, 30,000 militants are on
strike in defence of the eight-hour
day, and against the general capitalist
aggression which affects the entire
world proletariat.
Contributions  should   be  sent  to:
Mass Meeting
In commemoration of tho assassination of
In Berlin, January 15th, 1919
Sunday, January 21st, at 7:30 p.m.
Doors Open at 7 p.m.
CLINTON HALL. Pender and Clinton Streets
Short addresses will be delivered In English, French, Finnish, Hue-
Sinn, Lottish, Ukrainian, German, Italian and Japanese.
A first-class musical programmo, vocal and Instrumental, will be
Introduced between thc spocches. A collection will bo taken and all
ovor expenses will go to tho Labor Defense Council,
vo no use for Air. Murdock or his
Hon. II. II. Stevens, at ono time cabinet minister,
now a misfit, and seeking to renew the lifo of Ids
party, is opposed to immigrants from tho oppressed
countries because of thoir Bolsheviki tendencies.
Of course, he is not opposed to immigrants if thoy
are properly selected. In other words, docile and
will not strike.
To Buyers of Printing
HPHE following firms havo established the 44-hour week, and
are therefore the only printing offices operating under conditions which are fair to the undersigned organization:
Areado Prlnten, Homer Street Arcade « -....Sey. 4839
B, 0. Printing and Ltttio Ltd., Smythe and Homer Sta Soy. 8388
Broadway Printers, 810 Broadway East Fair. 209
Cltlien,   The,   1461  Broadway West -   Bay.   857
Cowan'* Brookhouse, 1120 Howe* St...
Evans,   Charles   A.,   1670   Klngnway...
....................Ser. UftO-7421
"      ..Pair. 780
Kershaw, J. A., 884 8eymour Street  _ 8ey. 8674
HltehollFoloy, Ltd.,   129 Hastings  St. W Sey. 9238
North Shora Press, North Vancouvor ... . .-...N. V.  80
Pacific Printers, 500 Tower Building  Bey. 9892
Pennlo, Jam™, 218 Hastings Stroet East  Soy. 8129
Progressive Printers, 18 Victoria Drive   High. 2279
Record Publishing Co., 629 Pender St. W.  , Sey. 7808
Rogers Printing Co,, 680 Homer Street Sey. 6440
Seymour Press, 423 Richards St -  Sey. 8728
Hh-lvo-k Bros., Typesetters, 841 Ponder St. W Soy.   684 '
Shdvook-Jaokson, Typefounders, 841 Ponder St. W Sey.   684
Star Printing Co., 812 Pendor Bt. West Soy. 8608
Sun Publishing Co.. -187 Ponder St. Weat - Soy.    40
Vnncouvor Job Printers, 787 Ponder St. WoBt Sey. 2021
Vancouver Printing Service, 819 Metropolitan Building....Soy. 2192
Wnrd„J_lonel A Co.. Ltd., 818 Homer St Bey.   196
Woodruff, E. L, ft Son, 1630 66th Ave. W Ebur. 169
Wrigloy Printing Co., Ltd., 426 Homor St Sey. 8826
The undermentioned Anna aro non-union, Instigators or supporters of the "AMERICAN PLAN" in tho printing trade in
Vancouver, and consequently opposed to union men and union
Bigga, Andorson, Odium, Ltd.
J. W. Boyd
Clarko A   Stuart
Evans  ft  Hastings,  Ltd.
Murphy A Chapman
Nicholson, Ltd
(1. A. Roeddo, Ltd.
Ruse, Cowan ft Latti
A, H. Timms
Uneeda Printers
Whito  ft   Blndoo
Vancouver Stationer!
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and Closes at 6 p.m.
Selling Saturday at Reductions
of 33 1-3 to 50°/o
AN OPPORTUNITY to make selection at a most    ^
moderate expenditure.
Models of good guality gingham, chambray or cotton crepe; some trimmed with colored applique,
some with colored binding and others with rick-rack
braid. Loose-fitting or tie-back models are represented; sizes 34 to 42; now priced at $1.65 eaoh.
Also others in similar styles but of better quality
fabrics; now priced at $2.95 each.
—Prysdale'B Houa-dress Shop, Second Floor.
575 Granville Street
Phone Sey. 3540
Arthur Borner, Neukolln, Klsenstrape
88, or Berlin NW. 7, Postsoheckhonto
No.  14.,0-_. .
Union Labol League of (he Trndes
and Lnhor ConneU
Alexandra Dancing Pavilion
Printing Trndes Participating.
January Sale
Now On
Suits, Coats, Dresses,
Skirts at tremendous
Famous SVST
tl, HASTINOS ST.. Beer OniMlll
King np Pbone Seymour 23B4
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit*   301   Dominion   Bulldlnf
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 Metropolitan BuUd__t
■37 BMttngl St. W. VASOOUVEB. B. O.
Telephones: Seymonr 6666 and 6667
MUSICIANS—In accord witb tbe
Labor movement. Rehearsal at
P.L.P. HaU, 148 Cordova St. W.,
every Wedneaday, at 8 p.m. Director
and Manageress in attendance. Mandolin club also in formation.
We are all lovers of music. Xf your
playing is pour, lot's all get better
together, A good crowd and a good
time for earnest workers,
Drugless Healing
everything nnd failed, see
Dr. Downie, Sanipractlc Physician, who holds a full Sanipractlc Degree from the American University, also the diploma
from the d'Arsonval Institute
of Dr. of Electron-Therapy and
Your health Is of too much
importance to you to allow anyone or every one to practice on
you.    We are experts and got
If you want results come to us.
Lownie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
Kindling Free
1MO <_K__NVim.  Bey, UM
1160 G«oriia Street
Snnday services, 11 a.m. and 7:80 p.m.
Snnday ichool Immediately 'following
morning service. Wedneaday testimonial
meeting, B p.m. Free reading room.
001-908 Birks Bldg.
B. P. Harrison S. A. Parry
Phono Fairmont 61
bb sorb you get
ud Non-alcoholic wince of all
Cigar Store
npHB Next line of tbt Greater Van-
-L couver and Lower Mainland .Tele-
pbone Directory Clown on January
Slit, 1023.
If rou are contemplating taking new
aervice, or making any changes ln or
additions to your present sorvice, yon
ahould aend notification, in writing, not
later tban the aoovo date, in order that
yon mako take advantage of the new
directory Hutinga.
Tbe Telephone Directory offera an attractive and effective medium for adver*
tieing purpose!. Advertisers should
bear the above date In mind so that In*
acrtion may be sure in tbe Directory.
Two Short Worda, Bridging Uie Gnlf Between
Hm roa protected roan.]' md jronr tunll, agelnet neb id emerfonor,
with > SAVINGS ACCOUNT—iho moit i.lu.bl. Ami • mu eu hm ter
the "RAINY DAT."
Wl STRONGLY RECOMMEND rra to ilirt inch an aeeonnt AT ONCE,
at om of our Cltr Branohei.
BASTINOS ud SEYMOUR Bee, S, Harriion. Manlier
Oordon and Abbott Main and _Sth An. Main Ud Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
P.8.—Xf you are living in a community not provided with Banking facilities, address ua by mall, and we will bs glad to gold* you ln respect to "Banking by Mall." I-R-DAY...... January It. 19EI
fiftbbnth tear. no. »BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouveb, p. e.
DID you ever unconsciously close your teeth upon your
tongi _ f It was undoubtedly, a painful experience.
This is not to be wondered at, when you realize the
grinding force of a person's teeth is 200 pounds. Knowing
this, you will better understand why it is so essential to your
health that artificial teeth fit perfectly. Unless your food
is properly "ground," it passes through the body undigested
and ruins your health. Ruined health means ageing before
your time. I am always glad to show interested persons the
difference between my properly fitted "EXPRESSION-
PIRATES" and the ordinary Plates, without obligation on
their part.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Corner Seymour ~
Open Tuesday aud Friday Evenings, also Wednesday
and Saturday Afternoons
DR. BRETT ANDERSON, formerly member of the Faculty of tbe College
of Dentistry, University of Southern Callforlna, Lecturer oa Crown and
Bridgework, Demonstrator in Platework and Operative Dentistry, Loesl and
General Anaesthesia.
Vancouver Unions
Council—President, B. U. Neelands,
M.L.A.; general aeeretary, Perey B. Bengough. Office: 80S, 819 Pender St. W.
Phone Boy. 7495. MeeU ln Labor Hall at
8 pan. on the first and third Tuesdays
to month.	
,       oil—Meats    second    Monday    in    tbe
month.    President, J. R. White;  seore*
tary, R. H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 86.
Meets second Thursday every   month,
■ 810 1'ender St. W.   President, J. Bright-
weoll; financial aeeretary, H. A. Bowron,
8849 Burns Bt.	
tional Union of America—Local 120,
Vancouver, B.C., meets second and fourth
Tuesdays in each month ln Room 818, 819
Pender Street West. President, 0. E.
Herrett, 71 Hutinga St. E. Secretary,
A. B. Janl, 820 Gamble 8t> Shop phona,
Bey. 2702. Residence pbone, Dom.»171B.
\ Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and
Helpers of America, Local 194—Meetings
flrat and third Mondaya in each month.
President, P. Willis: secretary, A. Fraser.
Office: Room 803—819 Pender Bt. W.
OBce hoars, 9 to 11 ejn. and 8 to Span.
I- need brieklayera or masons fcr boiler
works, etc.. or marble setters, phona
Brieklayera' Union, Labor Temple.
penters and Jolnera, Looal 488—Preal*
dent, Wm. Dana; recording aocrotary,
Oaa. Snell; businsss agent, Gee. tt Hardy.
Ottea: Room 894, 819 Pander St. W.
Mteta second aad foarth Mondays, I pan-,
Room 5, 819 Peniar St. W. .
i flrst and third Mdin to eaeh month,
J at 148 Cordova St. W. Preaident, J.
I Whito, 8406 Pender St. I.: §«»*«*:
f jTreasorer. Oeo, Harrison, 1886 Woodtaad
^ Drive. .
' doTa Bt. W.—Kdieatlonal .meetinga
every Bunday evening, 8 o'clock. Bust-
; ness meetings every Wednesday evoaing.
R. P. Pettipiece, chairman; E. H. Mom-
, son, see-trues.; J. Bennett, corresponding
secretary.  .
j      President, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Fireball;    Secretary,  0. A. Watson,  No.  8
■ r''ehaU. ,
Union, Local 38—441 Beymour Street.
| MeeU flrst and third Wednesdaya at 3.80
: p.m. Second and fourth Wednesdaya at
< 8.80 p.m. Executive board meeta every
Tueaday at 8 p.m. Pmldent W. Colmar.
'  Business agent, A. Graham.   Phone Sey.
1681.  .
f UNION OF CANADA—An Industrinl anion of all workers tn log-
Iglng and construction camps. Coast District and Qcnnral Headquarters, 61 Cordova St. W, Vancouver, B, C. Phone Bey,
76S6. J, M. Clarke, general s»cr nary
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald * Co., Vancouver, B. C; auditors, Messrs. Buttar * Chiene, Vancon-
ver. B. 0.  	
.MACHINISTS LOOAL 692—President,
[ J!d. Dawson; secretary, R. Hirst; busl-
k:i<* agont, P. R. Bongough. Offloe: 809,
,3rt Pender Bt W. Moots In Room 8,
«19 Pender St, W., on second and fourth
Tuesday In month.
Leo George; aeeretary, J. G. Keefe;
business agent, P. R. Bongough. Office:
,809, 819 Peader St. W. Meets in Room
818, 819 Pender Bt. W. on flrst and third
Thursdays In month.
rators and Papernangera of America,
Local 138, Vancouver—Meets 2nd and
4th Thursdays al 148 Cordova St. W.
Phoae Soy. 8491.   Business agent, R. A.
Dock Builders, Local No. 2404—Meets
in Labor Hsll, 819 Pender St. W., every
2nd snd 4th Friday at 8 p.m. Jas. Thompson, Financial Secretary, *-
'■    135 Cordova St. W., P. 0.  Box 671.
Phono Boy. 8703.    Meotlnga every Mon*
day 7 p.m.   P. Hockaday, Businoss Agont
1   B.  C—Formerly Firemen  and Oilers'
Union    of    British    Colombia—Meeting
sights, flrst Tuesday and third Friday of
ach moath at SIR Cordova W.    President,
El.   Thom;   vice-president,   R.   Morgan;
seoretary-treasurer,  W.  Donaldson.   Address,  813 Cordova Bt. W., Vancouver,
B.O.   Viotorla Branch Agent's address, W.
jFrsncls, 567 Johnson St., Vlcturls, B.C.
1  Oporating Engineers, Local 844, meets
Kvery Thursday at   8   p.m.,   Room   807
■Labor  Tomple.     Boaretary-Treasnrer,    N.
■Greon, 958 Hornby Bt. Phone Sey. 7048R.
■Recording Socrotary, J. R. Campbell, 80S
■First Stroet, North Vanconver.	
I Employeos, Pioneer Division, No. 101
I—Meots K. P. Hall, 8th and Klngsway,
list and Srd Mondaya at 10:16 a.m. and T
■ p.m. President, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke
■ Dr.; recordlng-SBCrotary, A. V. Lofting;
I treasurer, A, t\ Andrew; Anancial-noo-
I rotary and business agent, W. U. Cot-
f troll. 168—17th Avo. W.[ officii, corner
I Prior and Main Sts,   Phone Fair. 4504Y
■ America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Mondiy In taeh month, 8 p.tn. President, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, Mn.
Dolk; recording secretary, 0. McDonald,
iP- 0, Box 60S;    flnanolal   secretary, P.
McNclsh, P. Q, Boa 508.	
1 Soviet Rt-sila, Vancouver brancb, moots
first and third Sundays eaeh month, 2
P-m., at 81 Cordova St, W. For Information writo to branch seeretary, S.T.A.S.R.,
61 Cordora_St. W., Vancouvor, B, 0.
President, Wm. Skinner; vice-president,
A. Tucker; socrelary-troasuror, R, H.
Neelands. P. 0. Box 66. MeeU last
Sunday of oaoh month at 2 p.m.
No. 837—President J. J. Begg, vice-
president, R J. Stewart; socrotary treas-
nrer, L. 0. Gilbert P. 0. Box 476, Ne-
nslmo, B, 0. _»	
Whore la your Union button?
"A Good Plue to Gat"
"la the Flavor Sealing Tin"
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Ratea Reasonable
123 Hustings St. E.—Sey. 3212
1191 GranvUle St.—Sey. 6149
3230 Main St.—Fair. 1683
830 Granvillo St.—Sey. 860
Slater's Famous Roll Bacon,
nice and lean and weighing
from 4 to 6 lbs., and they
are nice and mild; reg. 28c
lb. Saturday *_**___,
morning, lb  BuJC
Slater's Famous Streaky
Breakfast Bacon, nice and
mild and lean, ln half or
whole slabs. Regular 42c
Ib. Saturday
special, lb	
Slater's Famous Alberta Cream-
cry butter, d»|    I C
3 lbs. for «J>_L.1U
Slater's   Sliced   Ayrshire   Back
Bacon,   lb 86o
Slater's   Sliced   Ayrshire   Roll
Bacon, Ib 40c
Slater's  Sliced   Streaky   Bacon,
por tb 40o and 45c
Slater's Famous Pork Shoul-
dors, weighing from 4 to 10
lbs. Reg. 25c lb. Spocial
Friday and 1 Cl_»
Saturday, Ib     IDfC
Choico Boiling Beef, from, per
lb  Oc
Choice  Boneless Stew Beef,  2
lbs. for  26o
per Ib	
per Ib	
per lh	
2 lbs. for	
Meaty Cuts, from, lb 15o
Loins, lb 26o
Legs, lb 20o
Stew, 2 lbs. for 26o
Slater's Red Labol Tea, lb..60o
Nice Prunes, Ib 15o
Dried Peaches, Ib 260
Cooking Figs,  lb 20o
Macaroni, 2 lbs, for 26o
Puro Red Plum Jam, 4-lb.
tin, for  06o
Slater's   Famous  Plcnlo  Hams,
por Ib 18^0
Ashcroft Spuds, sack $1.50
Local Spuds, sack 91.00
At Slater's S ores
New Light on Blacklisting of Lumber Workers
rVNE of the latest incidents in theflnto being In 1919 for the purpose of
^ blacklisting industry in Vancouver
camo to light the other day. This
time the blacklisting was done under
different clrcumatancca than usual, the
sufferer being refused the "right" to
earn hla living In the "land of freedom," because he refused to come
through with $4*
This man waa working in a logging f
camp up tho Coaat during the latter!
part of the summer of 1922. A short
Ume after he quit tho camp and came
to Vancouver, ho went into the office
of tho Logger's Agency Ltd., looking
for another Job. The manager of the
agency informed him that a letter had
been received at their office from the
camp, asking for his address, and
stating that the timekeeper at the
camp had omitted to charge him $4
for transportation. The man told the
manager of the agency, Herbert
Hicks, where he was staying, and Btated that if he owed the company any
money he would pay It. A few days
later lie went out to a camp, but did
not ship out of Hick's offlce.
About three weeks ago, this man
again went into the office of the Loggers Agency Ltd., looking for a job,
and was again asked by the manager
of the agency whether this $4 had
been paid. The man told him that it
had not, as he had received no statement of the account from the company. The manager then informed
him that this money, could be paid to
him. This the man refused to do, because the letter which was alleged to
have been sent by the ownera of the
camp to the Loggera Agency, gave
tho manager of tbat agency no authority to collect It; the letter aimply asking for the man'a address ahd stating
that he owed the company the sum of
?4f and even were he to pay the money
he had no means of ascertaining whe
ther the company had received it. He
again informed Hicks that If the com
pany sent the account to him peraon
ally, ho would pay it, but that no
money would be paid until the account
was received. Hlcka then informed
him that he would get no more jobs
through the Loggers Agency Ltd. until
he had paid the {4 in question.
The man haa applied to the camp
foreman.for a atatement of this account, ln addition to his application to
Hicks, but so far no statement has
been received. He is therefore blacklisted, and up until a few days ago,
had been unable to secure a job.
Such Is life under capitalism in the
Golden West, where the camp worker
haa the golden privilege of handing
out money to a man who has no right
to receive it, or if he has courage
enough to refuse to be blackmailed
by an animated mountain of fatty tissue, shaped something Uke a man, but
lacking all manly attributes, he ls
blacklisted and forced to starve until
such time as the slow process of starvation saps out of hla frame that "British bull dog courage" so much de-
Bired in Canadian .wage Blavea a few
Bhort years ago.
This blacklisting agency was brought
blacklising all loggers who took an
active part ln the affairs of their
union. It did that work efficiently and
effectively, as ls evidenced by the
hundreds of men who have been chased off the Coast for no other reason
than the fact that they wanted to get
conditions flt to live under, and took
tile only method of securing that condition. Now, however, tho agency, it
would appear, is being used for other
purposes, namely, that of collecting
potty debts for the members of tho
Loggers Association. In a short time,
if this agency is permitted to operate,
it will be blacklisting and hounding
San Francisco—The campaign of
George C. Kidwell, united front Labor
candidate for congress to fill the unexpired term of John I. Nolan, deceased, ls proceeding energetically,
Several conservative Labor men withdrew their candidacies in order to
throw more strength to Nolan's
widow, the old line Labor choice.
Ralph Chaplin, known to all progressives and radicals as the poet-
author of Bars and Shadows, ls among
the American-born political prisoners
at Leavenworth whom President Harding refuses to release. Chaplin was
convicted in the Chicago I. W. W.
case. No acts of violence or invtte-
ments to violence were proved against
Milwaukee—All  employees   of   the
house of   correction   have   begun an
men   for   every   little   trivial   offense, eight-hour day with one  day  off In
that some camp  owner  has against I seven, Inspector William Momsen an-
—--■■- "off
some particular man. It Is not a question any longer of only blacklising I
men for their union activities, but ofl
blacklising them for any minor offense
that any boss logger may have, or to
satisfy the hatred of this modern autocrat who has charge of it, and who
has the power of life and death over
every man who works in the logging
camps on the Coast. Never did absolute monarch have more power than
has this man, although it Is doubtful
lf he has the brain development of a
fourteen-year-old achool boy. Probably he is another one of our "noble-
hearted, public spirited citizens," we
so often hear about. When will the
members of the working class on thia
Coaat wake up to their helpless condition under a czar such as this?
The state of affairs is being permitted with the knowledge of the Provincial government in Victoria. The attorney general has been notified, but
as could be expected, has done noth
ing; at leaat, nothing that has produc
ed results. It is true that he stated
that this agency was "being Invest!
gated." That was somewhere about
two months ago, and we suppose that
It Is still "being investigated," and
will continue to be so. However, nothing etae can be expected from thoae
who represent that class to whose interests lt is to operate such institutions as this agency. And then they
speak about "labor unrest." Who in
blazes, possessing the guts of a rat,
can be restful under these conditions?
[The opinions and Ideas" expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federationist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed ls accepted by the management.]
Tho P. It. System
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Studying
the P. K. system as in general use
now, there scorns to mo to be one fault
with lt.   There may be many.
Personally, I like the system on the
whole, but for the fact that ahould all
the electors mark a certain candidate
as their second choice, he would not
be elected, because having no flrst
choice, he would be the flrst to be
struck off.
Now, seeing that all the electors
wanted him as one of the men to represent them, he should bo elected,
but under the P, R. system, would not
be. Now, I would suggest that
point system should be adopted and
used along with the P. It, system,
For instance, supposing that there are
ten candidates running, first choice
would count as 10 points; 2nd choice
as 9 points; 3rd choice as 8 points,
and ao on until the last choice would
got to 1 point. The candidates receiving the most number of points would
then be elected, being fair to ail-
Now, Mr. Kdilor, if you think anything of this point system, I would
liko you to givo it somo publicity, and
I would like to have your view and tho
views of your readers, Thanking you,
I am,
4831 Knight Street,
South Vancouver, B. C,
January 15, 1923,
nouncea. Heretofore one day
overy two weeks was the rule, while
the daily working hours were irregular. Momson stated that he did not
think additional help would be needed
becauae of the new syatem.
^oa ttle—Count George Hay DuBarry
who claims to be a lineal descendant
of the noble French family which allied itself with Madame DuBarry.
wants the city jail made flt for human beings. Following an Incarceration of one hour, during which the
nobleman's blood started to boil, the
count haa started an intensive advertising campaign to acquaint the city
with tho Inhuman conditions obtaining
Milwaukee—"We have not yet done
with wars," aaserted Prof. Frederick
L. Paxon, University of Wisconsin.
"At least another war, more terrible
and more destructive than the last,
will shake the world. When it is over
this country will again be the receiver
among nations, the builder and saviour. After that will come the deluge. The world wilt become a com
monwealth, composed of federated
states, each self-determining but re
cognizing a central authority and a
[.common law."
The  aldermen   sat   round  the
strewn board
Their faces all pale and grave;
For theirs was the Job   (no matter
who paid)
The city's finances to save.
And a jnicy old member rose up on
his feet
Contented, all-knowing and aound,
Amid shrieks of applause he firmly
"There must be a cutting all round.
A committee they formed to plan and
to plot,
Just where the cutting must be;
To start from below is the usual way
And  that's where  they'll Btart  it,
you'll aee.
They'll start at poor Bill, who sweeps
up the mire,
Or handles the full refuse can.
And little, pale Johnnny, who pushes
a pen,
A fifteen per week little man.
And  Bill and  poor Johnny together
will go
The great crowd of jobless to join;
Or sobbing or cursing go home to their
To tell of a cut in their coin.
And all the flne things tbey promised
the mob,
When votes they were begging of
Will snuggle away at the back of their
Till wanted again for a bait.
But a horrible thought shot Into my
Chilling my heart to its core;
And tremors of fear like sharp, icy
At each nerve in my body tore.
And to save the town from the shock
of the thing
With tears on my cheeks I prayed
That they'd never commit a crime like
In these days of vanishing trade.
For how could tho citizens bear the
In this dull and Jobless town,
If they over committed a crime like
Cut their very own salaries down.
The greatest assistance that the
readers of The Federatlonist can rcn.
der us at this time, Is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so yon
spread the news of the working class
movement and assist ub,
Come and Look at this
for $55
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B. C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good weight and fine finish, fitted
with six cooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl2^-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $25.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying and close selling; that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
Hudson's Bay Company
At the Orpheum
Music that creeps into your heart,
quickens your pulse and tingles in
your veins is being dispensed this week
at the Orpheum theatre by the Seattle
Harmony Kings, This wonder orchestra ls a revelation In a vaudeville season replete with numerous dance orchestras, their originality and daring
places them in ao distinctive class.
There are ten members tn this organization, and each Ib a specialist.
The perfect harmonizing of their various reed, wind and string Instruments
ls as exhlllarating as a cool spring
morning. Their dance numbers are
rendered in such a spirited and novel
manner that yqu sway with the rythm
and pine for a dance floor then and
there. These musicians make you
understand the sardonic smiles of the
younger generation wben some higher
intellects opine that the music of today is dying, and that the melodies of
yesterday are to be returned to popular favor.
Chicago—Fedoral Judge Wllkeraon
haa refused the shopmen's plea that
his Injunction against them be set
New York—A well-known commercial agency in this city reports that
wholesale commodity prices Increased
16 per cent, during the past year.
Fonr Night, and Thtw BtoMgoe,  ■
rams >nii wttSOH
Frutcifl X.— —Julia
Mats: 16c to 56c; Night.: tta to 11
Twico Dally, 2:30 ul 8:_0
Every Mon., Wed. and Sat. Evenings
801  HORNBY ST. Opp. Court Housn
■■rioading" j
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: Nothing
spectacular wilh tho British election,
but resultB. Mere plodding—no spotlight or anything large, each worker
In his particular niche. Let us flt
their machinery Into Vancouver; we
might grow famous by its application.
Get to work.
A basement may be your headquarters. Get a small group together,
advertize the fact that you have taken
control of your electoral ward—
sounds like dlroct action. Call your-
soIvoh what you will; we should worry
ag long ns you understand where you
are heading, and, what for.
Try It. You'll have some fun, and
incidentally flnd that your neighbors
nro juat as human as you are, subject
to the same economic pressure, and
have the samo problems. Havo an organizing "bee" on your own; you'll
build something.
Sweep out tho basement, and go to
It. Whon you have filled your basement, sub-divide your ward Into sections, and uso somo more basements.
Basements were not mennt for conl
alono. Don't await a vlnltlng angel;
join tho basement brigade; just be a
good follow and saw a littlo wood,
tarry not for tho saw-mill—thoro alnt
no auch thing.
Systems changed In basemonts!
Plod along.   Thank you.
Ul Main Stroot.
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It haa cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
Fresh Cut Mowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East        _—STORES—2        655 Oranrille Street
Sey.' 988-672 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 0513-1301
THE Milk Salesmen and Dairy' Employees' Union
has no interest in the present disagreement
among the Milk Distributors of this city, except insofar as it affects the wages and working conditions
of their members, neither is it our intention to boycott any firm. However, the following firms are
paying wages and giving conditions satisfactory to
organized labor, and have signed agreements covering same:
On the other hand, the following films have
REDUCED the wages from 10 to 30 per cent., and
one firm is working their employees seven days a
We would therefore ask you to insist that the
firm you purchase your milk from is not using the
present disagreement as a basis to take more profits
out of the hides of their employees.
So as to be on the safe side, insist on your Salesman showing you his monthly union button for the
CURRENT month.
fifteenth yeah, no. s BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c. '
You Can't
Afford to
Pass These
Pure Wool
Flannel Shirts
The celebrated "0. W. 0." Brand, noted for
their perfect ftt and roomy out, aB well'as their
superior wearing qualities, This lot includes
all sizes, in dark or light grey, army grey,
brown, khaki, green or red, finished with either
military or lay-down collars, and with pockets.
Begular values up to $4.  Clearing now at—
Black, blue or the popular stripe in bib style,
with elastic suspenders. A well-made overall
intended for hard wear and long service. Take
your choice of either the "Bull Dog" or the
"0. W. 0." Brands, at only—
45-49 Hastings St., East
Mall Orders Sent Express Prepaid Upon Receipt ot Price Quoted.
Address Dept. "L"
FRIDAY January 19.  182)
Thts  sketch  of  Chaplin  wss  mado ln
Leavenworth federal penitentiary by a
fellow prlsonor.
Trades Council
Elects Officers for 1923
(Continued from Pago 1)
Label League Danco
Don't forgot the Label League
Whist Drive and Dance at the Alexandra Dancing Pavilion, on Friday,
January 19th. Boost the label by attending this dance.
Seattle—Nearly $1000 was realized
by the Christmas Russian orphans
bazaar here. Russian toys, international dishes and balaaika music featured the bazaar, which was held in
the main hajl of the Labor Temple.
Precious Secrets Revealed __>
WONDERFUL Book tells how to attain Longevity and Pros-
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Bliss, and Healthy Offspring.
' No more groping—no mo_fe hoping! Mystery and conjecture
changed to light and truth—-past theories'brought to nought. Genuine knowledge rotating to the law of production and determination
of sex, so long hidden from mankind, ha? at last been unearthed and
is now yours to utilize for your own benefit.
"Science of Life"
Tho rosult of long ro-
search and much labor
delving into ancient
Sanskrit writings, tho
sacrotl teachings o I
Hindu Richls, whoso
davotion to philosophy
Imbued thom with divine knowledge, whicli
rovented to thom tho
Science of Lifo and
Hysterics of Sox.
of   our
A book   for
want to
tlie ntar-
rlctt nnd tliose nbout
to marry.
Siso 7^in. x Gin.,
' 280 pages, ovor 50 il-
lustrations, Contains
original Sanskrit texts
with lucid, easily un-
derstandablo English
renderings, together
with highly interesting
chapters on tho Ancient
Hindu Sciences (»f
Palmistry and Physiognomy.
With tills book Disappointments ln Love become tilings of thc past.
First edition sold within a month. Second edition—50,000 copies
Just out. Book your ordors TODAY with remittance, to avoid disappointment, as the demand is very great.
PRICE—Each book, nicely bound, 72c.   Three copies $2.  Six
copies $3.84.  Twelve copies $7.40.   Post free.
The Mystic Charm Company
Hindu Secrets Publishing Dept,
Dr. King when he was on tho coast,
and that the proposed conference
seemed to be the best method of securing some measure of relief for the
City Helpless
The delegation was given a hearty
reception, and Delegate Pettipiece
pointed out that the civic committee
appointed by the City Council had
asked the Provincial government to
ptu the machinery in motion for the
caring of the unemployed, which he
stated, was that if the Provincial government called on the federal authorities, money would be provided in
casos where the municipal authorities
were unable to cope with the situation.
Delegates Hardy and Nixon were appointed to attend the conference,
.Congress Committee
On the recommendation of Prels-
dent Neelands, delegates Bengough,
Smylie and Brooks were appointed as
committeo to proceed with the
work of preparing for tho Trades Con*
gress convention in August, the committee will have power to add to their*
numbers as time and circumstances
The audit committee, reporting on
the secretary-treasurer's report, complimented that oflicor on the manner
1n which the books were kept, and
stated that the report was a correct
and true statement of the finances of
thc council.
The Label committee reported that
the arrangements for the dance to be
held tonight (Friday) were all complete, and urged the delegates to attend in force.
The Milk Drivers and Dairy Salesmen reported that through the co-operation of thc unions, progress Was
being made and that all other firms
except those advertised by the local
in the last issue of The Foderationist,
were unfair and fighting among themselves.
The Painters reported that work
was being done on the Province build
ing by the janitors, and the hospital
board and the authorities in charge of
the Old Men's Home, were also adopting this method of having painting
The council adjourned at 11:30 p,
m., after a most strenuous session.
Red International Hears
Of Turkish Efforts
(Continued from page 1)
******* ******* ****** ******
T AST Thursday, Dr. Curry, after re-' 'their young are born.   With domestic
animals this ls useless, and often
troublesome, and the habit ls dying
out; but this was a necessary measure when the wild mother had constantly to guard her children from
the sharp teeth of her enemies searching for food.
As Howard Moore says: "Mother's
love Is older than the Rocky mountains." He tells us that when a monkey-child dies, the mother carries the
little corpse around with her for days,
often refusing to eat, and.sits tn silence and grief.'
Sometimes the father mothers the
young. The mother loves her young
more than the father, not because the
child ls part of herself, but because
in savage times, the mother was the
only one present at the time the
young was born, and was the only one
in whom this instinct could be planted. Wo know, however, that among
some fish, the male takes care of the
young, and the greatest enemy of
stickleback eggs and young ones, is
the mother herself, who would devour
her offspring, wore the protective instinct not possessed by tho father;
and the same father's love ls expressed
In the ostrich family.
Why do goats love to climb upon
rocks and the roofs of sheds? Because the goat Is a mountaineer. Their
ancient ancestors fled to the cralgs
ages ago to escape the big teeth of the
carnivora, and through heredity, the
kids born on the farm today may be
seen standing on old stumps, or the
roofs of barns, becauso these arc the
nearest things to the peaks where
their ancestors lived. The goat alsd,
not only eats wood and clothes, but
owing to superior digestive powers,
developed in his ancestral wilds, he
can digest and tufn these Into nourishment.
Domestic chickens roost on trees,
becauso their ancestors did so to escape the foxes, and other prowling
enemies of night. Children love to
climb, and swing on trees, because
trees were the cradle of our race.
When our ancestors lived there. "Yet
think," said Dr. Curry, "what changes
have come over tht) bodios and minds
of many children of the woods, which
have been domesticated." The numerous varieties, and divergent forms of
dogs, and pigeons were shown. What
nature blindly, gropingly and destructively did in thousands of generations,
man lias done, through intelligent
breeding, and care In a few centuries,
and sometimes less.
The wolf, nnd jackal have been
transformed physically and mentally
In a few thousand years, through
kindness and companionship. The
Eskimo dog Is, however, ^still three
parts wolf, because used and abused
only as a beast of burden. A monument has been erected in Edinburgh
to Grey Friar's dog, which slept on his
master's grave for 12 years before--he
It is said, truly, that "the dog is the
only being who loves ypu more than
he loves himself," and the difference
between tho savage wolf, and the dog
ls environment, and yot dunces and
reactionaries toll us that "Socialism is
impossible, because human nature
can't change."
It seems that tho science of life,
and especially tho application of evo-
viewing the subject of "Comparative Anatomy," as evidence of man's,
relation to the lower forms of Ufe, began the consideration of our mental
and moral heritage from our savage
The evening was chiefly devoted in
showing that domestic animals were
subject to the same laws of heredity
as was man.
The speaker expressed the opinion
that if our education taught us the
biological facts, that man in common
with the lower animals Is but the products of of heredity and environment,
that we are all children of the same
creative forces, and Indeed blood relations that animals suffer, and feel
much tho same as we do, thore would
be less cruelty and suffering ln this
old world. It was shown that domestic animals display many habits which
instinctive and from Professor
Howard Moore's work; "Savage Survivals," wo learn that "an "an instinct
is a natural tendency to do a thing in
certain way which has not been
learned from experience."
Instincts are inborn; birds fly north
in the summer, and south In thu winter, and those who fail to do so, perish.
The buffalo used to migrate north
and south in the same way. Instincts
take the place of reason, and even
yet, impulse and habit are the dominant forces back of human activity.
Some of these instincts are beneficial, others are harmful, just as that
vestigel organ, our appendix, may bo
sources of sicknoss and death. The
speaker showed how the theory of inherited habits could alone account for
many acts of domestic animals. Dogs,
tho most ancient nnd faithful servants of man, aro but tamed wolves,
the blood test, referred to last week,
can be applied between wolves and
dogs, as between anthropoid apes and
man. The dog often exercises his
hunting and killing habits, not for food
now, but from an inherited habit, for
its wolf ancestors lived on small animals, and even large animals are often
victims of tlie wolf pack. This tendency of collie dogs to kill sheep, is
often an irresistible urge which cannot bo cured.
If you watch a dog lying down,
you notice he does not do so without
turning around several times flrst.
Darwin thinks this was probably the
way the dog's wolf ancestors tramped
down the grass to make a bed. Dogs
usually bark, but this is said to be a
late development, the howl of the
dog on special occasions ls the wolf's
"call of the wild." People who believe a dog's howl foretells calamity,
or death, are themselves the victim
of a savage survival, and so are those
who believe the "change of the moon"
brings a change of weather.
Our cats have vestigel habits also,
dogs run down their prey, as did their
wolf ancestors; cats creep and spring
on their victims as their wild ancestors did, and our kittens, without instruction, may be seen springing on a
mouse, or a ball, because of this inherited habit, which has been handed
down in the germ colls from their
wild cat ancestors.
Mother's love for offspring is common to nearly all forms of life. Mother cows, horses, geese, hens, etc., acquire  a sudden,  fierce  nature  when
All Suits and Overcoats
$13.95 to $35.55
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
lutlonary principles should be the basis of education, for only through correct environment can our savage survivals be eliminated, and man become
truly civilized.
Next Thursday the subject will be
"Our Savage Ancestors,"
Label Lcnguo Dance
Don't forget tho Label League
Whist Drivo and Dance at the Alexandra Dancing Pavilion, on Friday,
January 19th. Boost the label by attending this dance.
Always look up Tho Fed. advertisers
before making purchases.
.Viilon Label Dance
Help boost the union label by at
tending the Label League Dance i
the Alexandra Dancing Pavilion to
night  (Friday).
Now York—Authorities employe'
12,000 men to remove tho snow pile
ln this city. -The employment of thi
number of men who are capable o
handling shovels would Indicate tha
the alleged labor shortage does not ex
ist in this vicinity,
One dollar and fifty oents Is the cos
for a six months' subscription to Th
Federation! at.
Economic News Service
Will Standard Oil Accept the Terms
Counts and
Likewise PRICE
-      MARKET
to yourself: "My God, how can this
vast conglomerate bunch of workers,
with such sundering traditions, ever
understand each olher through the
werisomo mechanism of a four-fold
language? How can they ever act together, or go forward together?"*
just then something dramatic happens.
"Comrades;" says the chairman,
Lozovsky, who speaks three languages
himself, and is learning the fourth,
"two Turkish delegates have arrived,
They were seized en route by the Ke-
malist police, but they have overpowered their guards and escaped to join
us. They will now tell us of the Labor
Unions of Turkey."
Applause breaks out over the hall,
and everybody listens intently wfllle
the tale makes its way from Turkish
through French into other languages,
Labor unions aro illegal In Turkey,
thoy inform us. Yet they have organized 22,000 mombers in the past
four months, 10,000 of them miners,
and all of them affiliated to the Red
International. Threo hundred have
Just bt ;:t jailed for belonging to
unions; thoy ask us to send a protest
to tho Angora govornmont. And they
close: "Long live the international
union of all workers."
Incidents like this occur constantly..
Yes, they u ridorstand each othor.
Iu spite of the brains wearied undor
tjie hammer of four languages; In
spite of differences of color and racial
traditions; thoy all como from groups
of workers organized to flght exploitation and to achieve control of their
own destiny. There is, porhaps, no
group in the world that represents so
many nations, or whose members understand eaeh other so. well.
[By Leland Olds]
(Federated^ Press  Industrial   Editor)
What  about  your  neighbor's subscription?
Logging Men!
Christie's No. 200 Calfskin
Singlo Solo Stitclulown llout
ls tlie lightest and most flexible Logging Boot ever made.
If you uso your feet ns n Bloflgo-
bnmmor on hooka, chains, etc.,
then buy Christie's No. fiO and go
at It. Wn torji roof; guaranteed to
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Christie Boot
Phone Sey. 8970
SPHERE seems to be some doubt as
to what Constitutes official United
States representation at Lausanne,
where the nations are attempting to
make a peace which will include Turkey. This doubt may be cleared when
it is recognized that within the last
year a force of Britisli troops, has been
threatened, with destruction by an
army munitioned by France to advance the interests of Standard Oil.
Representatives of tho Turkish government insist that no general settlement is possible unless it Includes roturn of Mosul to Turkey. Lord Curzon states that tlie status of Mosul
cannot be discussed at the conference
bocause its Inhabitants are Kurds,
subjects of the kingdom of Irak. Irak
is part of the British mandate in Mesopotamia.
The oil resources of Mosul are
among tho richest In the world. But
the Brilisi) representatives denies that
ho has any other motive than the desire of thc peoplo of Mosul.
In ordor to get the Turks to accept
tho British view of tho matter, England has offered Standard Oil inter,
ests a 20 per cent, share of tho oil ro
servos of Mosul. This looks vory much
like paying a man to call his dog off.
Tho representatives of Turkoy suggest a free plebiscite to determine tho
desire of the population, But British
air forces lire at presont bombing the
inhabitant^ of Mosul who are in full
rovolt demanding union with Turkey.
England Is therefore more likely to
increaso its offer to Standard Oil than
to agree to poll this loyal population.
Tho citizens of Irak may well speculate on" the sacrod right of small nations to self-determination.
This situation brings ta^llght tho
struggles between tho great capitalist
nations ns underlying lho war* which
have troubled the Balkans and Asia
Mincjr. Recently tho Oreeks and the
Turks appear to have been driven
Into war by the dosire of great financial pools for tho control of natural
resources. And it is signlflcant that
below the:surfaco the sometime allies
nre contending for the treasuro for
which they united to crush Qermany.
For mnny decades thc International
morohantsL and bankers of Europo
hnvo been undermining one piece of
territory after nnother in Asia, Asia
"Minor and Africa. Tho British Empire hns boon tho most congenial tool
for tho consolidation of their claims.
Turkish dominions interested thoso
colossal financial powers l for threo
reasons (1) ns the land routo to Asia;
(2) as rich fields for tho1 production
of raw cotton, and (3) ns containing
rich mineral -resources, particularly
tho futuro world fuol, petroleum. Beforo tho end of the 10th,century British capital was Interested in tho Bagdad railroad and in the oil deposits
of Mesopotamia.
Slowly but surely the groat banking
•f houses of London and Paris encircled
Turkey, establishing banks-in Athens,
Salonika, Alexandria, Bombay and
Constantinople. In an effort to oscape
the pressure of increasing financial
control, the Sultan turned to German
bankers, granting them in return the
wholo resources of Asia Minor. But
tho young Turk rovolution again changed the balance and Turkish 'territory
was immediately opened up to concession hunters. As the government
drifted baek and forth botwoen the
two groups of bankers, International
competition for the control of Syria
and Mesopotamia became more keen-
It was a foregone conclusion that Turkey would be forced Into the war on
the side of Germany. British desire
for Mesopotamia assured thnt.
During the war British oil interests
were predominant In France. As a
result, Franco had practically agreed
to British seizure of the Mosul oil
fields. But following the complete .defeat of dormany, France appeared as
tho rival of Great Britain, and Standard Oil interests, perceiving this,
chose France to advance Its interests
ln competition to Dutch Shell and
other British oil interests. Through
tho control of a bank and a newspaper
in Paris, it penetrated tho political
Ufe of Franco. Supported by the
Unitod States State department, It w
able to exert great pressure becauso
Franco was In desperate need of financial assistance from America,
In order to maintain its position in
Syria, Franco was forcod to make
pact with the Turkish governmont at
Angora, which involved military aid.
A secret part of the pact included the
right of France to oil deposits In Turkish territory. Standard Oil, as the
dominant oil interest in France, would
secure great concessions ln Buch oil
fields as Kemal Pasha's troops could
recover. The munitions which France
supplied to tho Turks could only have
been directed against tho power which
was behind tho Greeks ns tho worst
oppressor of Turkish nationality, that
Is England.
Armed by tho French, the Turks
turnod first to recover their western
territories, including Constantinople,
They surprised Lloyd doorgo's government by overwhelming tho Greeks and
cornering the British troops'at Chn-
nak. British diplomacy was called
upon to save tbo situation at the peace
That Is why British oil interests are
trying to adjust a .critical situation at
Lausanne by offering 20 per cent, of
tho oil of Mosul to our StatidafaOil,
Union Label Danco
Hiilp boost tho union label by attending the Lubel League Dance In
tho Alexandra Dancing Pavilion tonight (Friday).
Hand Tho Federatlonist to your
shopmato when you are through with
MENTAL conditions, skjn conditions
and deformities respond to and
are completely restored to normal by
Osteopathy, Auto-suggestion (Ooue),
Chiropractic, Food Science, Massage,
wliich aro parts of Sanipractic.
Dr. W. Lee Holder
74 FAIRFIELD BLDG. Phone Sey. 8533
direct from the product)?
to the consumer
12 quarts for $1
—no city on the continent is in more direct touch
with the producer as regards the milk supply than
the residents of "Vancouver and vicinity.
Hundreds of cities are dreaming of—working for through'•
municipal 'effort—endeavoring to secure through   cooperation—tho exact conditions which are offered here"""'
_, today.
Every public market—every "Curb Market," such as we
now have in Vancouver—is an effort to securo direct
dealing between the producer and the consumer.
It is everywhere considered that such direct dealing is
lo the distinct advantage of the consumer, as well as
benefit to the producer.
Our organization means the purchasing of your milk
direct from the farmer—the 1800 farms that supply the
city with milk. «
Through the Fraser Valley Producers' Association we
handle your milk at the farm—prepare it for shipment
according to the best dairy standards—ship it to our
—    central depot, s
Through the Fraser Valley Dairies these same farmers
handle your milk in the city—in one of the most complete
plants on the continent—distribute it to your door by a
delivery system based on the elimination of all overlapping routes—working the overhead cost of distribution
down to a minimum.
On this System of "Direct Dealing" We Offer You
Milk at 12 Quarts for $1.00
Nothing Can
Alter the FactS-
Vancouvcr will   have a
cheap milk.
Vnncouver will havo a
good milk.
Vancouver will have a
sanitary milk.
Vancouver will have a
milk second to none in
price, service and quality
throughout the whole Dominion of Canada,
Fraser Valley
Milk Producers'
SULK Pasteurized
12 quart- or 20 pints $1.00
v   9 halt .pints 	
8 halt pints 	
Fraser Valley
Dairies Limitec
Phono Fairmont 100C
And Our Man Will Call


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