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British Columbia Federationist Sep 14, 1923

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATION
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
POM?IC«_f«^|r^5TOTOBT
FIFTEENTH YEAR.   No. 37
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 14,1923
$2.50 PER YEAR
Trades and Labor Congress
Opens SD-h^-innual Convention—Officers and Committees-
Resolutions \ ssed—Workers for Western Harvest Fields-
Fair* t '.e Clause—Concerning Political Action
 \!	
"\NE thing that can be said of V.
J 39th annual convention of taj
Trades and Labor Congress of Cart
da, is that it pitched Itself headlong,
nto 'business the flrst day without
bsing time, There are about 200
elegates in attendance from all the
ndustrial centres of Canada. In the
nain the delegates are In earnest in
heir work. Their addresses so far,
,re very creditable to any legislative
>ody. The president, on the second
\ky, was asked what was the standing or jurisdiction of the congress, to
phlch he replied "industrially—none."
'his answer was In favor of international unionism as opposed to the
one big union" principle. Monday
venlng, the flrst day of the conven-
ion, saw a score of Important resolutions disposed of.
Mayor Tlsdall's Welcome
The sessions are being held In the
arge meeting hall of the Vancouver
jotel. Harry Neelands, M. L. A.,
3resldent of the local Trades and La-
jor council, in a timely speech, ex-
ended the greetings of organized la-
aor to the officers and delegates. Hu-
lorously he told his hearers that there
vas'no need for umbrellas, Of course,
_trltish Columbia waa wet all right
nough, but that kind of moisture did
ot apply to the elements. It was
rue that organized labor had lost the
_abor Temple, which was a matter of
egret. The unemployment and im-
ilgratlon questions, he believed, would
ecelve the attention that they should
nd discussed by the delegates. Present Neelands then introduced His
orship Mayor Tlsdall.
His worship addressed the gather-
g briefly, pointing out that he ex-
mded a welcome to the sojourners in
tor midst on behalf of the citizens aa
whole. They could keep going 24
ours a day if they so desired, having
good time. He made reference to
e prospective unemployment during
Ae coming winter, and said that al-
iady arrangements had been at-
mpted to look after same. The
layor received hearty applause at
ie termination of his remarks.
Pre*, td tn Mooro Opens Congress
Tom Moore, president of the Trades
id Labor Congress of Canada, then
ik formal charge of the conven-
He appreciated the hearty re-
iption extended to congress. He knew
to delegates did not always see eye
eye with one another, but hoped
At the exchange of opinions would
devoid of personalities. The con-
ess would be addressed by the dif-
irent fraternal delegates, among
hom was Walter N. Reddick, Wash-
gton, D. C„ of the American Fed-
ation of Labor, and Frank Hodges,
P., representing the Trades
nlons of Oreat Britain. The great
,bor movement repudiated dlctator-
,\lp whether it came from the em-
{oyers or even from the members of
different unions. The congress
s then opened for business.
Officers nnd Committeos
President Moore announced the fol-
ing officers and  committees:   As-
late  secretary,  J.  A.  P.  Huydon,
[tawa;   translator,   Gustave Francq,
>ntreal; messenger,. Jas, Hale. Van-
iuver;   sergeant-at-arms,   J.   Hayes,
mbers  and   steamfltters,   Vancou-
Commlttee on Credentials—John W.
|uce (chairman), Toronto, Ont;   C.
pDonald,   Vancouver,   B.   C.;   John
*lvert, London, Ont. ,
bommittee   on   Resolutions—J.  F.
[irstv (chairman), Toronto, Ont.; J.
tfcCormack, Edmonton, Alta.; Omer
[jury, Quebec, Que.; Rod Plant, Ot-
Ont.;   Robert  Livett,   Calgary,
J. J. Sullivan,  Hamilton, Ont.;
|lt. Smyllie, Vancouver, B. C.
Vays and Means Committee—J. J,
Bride (chairman), Winnipeg, Man.;
Scott, Toronto, Ont.; Z. Lesper-
Montreal, Que.; A, J. Crawford,
focouver, B.  C;  Fred White, Cal-
|jy, Alta.; Arthur Martel, Montreal,
; J. K. Peffers, Ottawa, Ont.
fcommittee on Officers' Reportp—J.
^McClelland (chairman), Montreal,
; Silby Barrett, Sydney, N. S.; Ed.
fGulnn, Calgary, Alta.; James Simp-
Toronto, Ont.; Elmer E. Roper,
nonton, Alta.; A. Baker, Moose Jaw,
|k,; A. S. Wells, Vancouver, B. O.j
Pelletler, Montreal, Que.; J.   C.
loner; Ottawa, Ont; Robert Hewitt,
Bgary, Alta.; E, Read, Vancouver, B.
i J. H. McGuire, London, Ont; Fred
lover, Vancouver, B. C,
Idommlttee on Constitution an'd Law
lustave Francq  (chairman), Mon-
|al, Que.; John Brodie, Varicouver,
lc.; C. I. Atchison, Hamilton, Ont;
1 B.   Gorham,   Campbellton,   N.   B.;
Irry Kirwln, Toronto, Ont.; Chas. J.
Tdlng, Winnipeg, Man.; W. V. Turn-
ll, Verdun, Que.
[Committee  on Union Labels—Leon
Irthall,   (Barbers),   chairman,   To-
Ito, Ont; Chas. Moad, (Carpenters),
Jonto, Ont.; Mrs. Harriett Ingram
(irment Workers), Edmonton, Alta.;
W.   Howard    (Typographical),
nnlpeg, Man.; H. F. Langley (Print-
Pressmen), Vancouver, B. C;  T.
Burke (Sheet Metalworkers), Van
fcver, B. C;  Martin Rowan  (Typo-
[iphical), Ottawa, Ont; Geo. Gould.
(Metal Polishers), New Westmin
Ir, B. C; Horace Woodbury (Stereo
>ers),   Vancouver,   B.   C;   Samuel
"Wilson (Molders), Vancouver, B. C.jf
'.ennelh Eastman (Plate Printers),
■tawa, Ont.; J. L. Aaron (Stage Em-
Ts/yees), Calgary, Altai; *Ved W.(
y' iy (Shoe Workers), Vancouver,
-.'%■'. Adam E. Scott (Painters), W!n-
riveg, Man.; E. Ingles (Electrical
Workers), London, Ont; John Cumming (Hotel and ReBtaurant Employees), Vancouver, B. C; S. L. Johnston (Brewery, Cereal and Sot Drink
Workers), Vancouver, B. C.J John
Munro (Machinists), Toronto, Ont.
Committee on Rules and Order—E.
W. A. O'Dell, Hamilton, Ont.; Bert
Showier, Vancouver, B. C; J. A. Bel-
land, Montreal, Que.
Committee on Audit—Byron W.
Bellamy (chairman), Medicine Hat,
Alta.; T. Jackson, Toronto, Ont.; G.
R. Brunet, Montreal, Que,; J. W.
Jewkes, Ottawa, Ont; A. Graham,
Vancouver, B. C;.; Wm. Craigmyle,
Victoria, B. C; G. H. Palmer, Dauphin, Man.
Delegate John Bruce (Toronto),
chairman of the credential committee,
read the names of a Ust of delegates,
Ihis was approved, and tho delegates
took their seats.
Resolutions Passed
Among the more important resolutions read and approved were.
1. That legislation be aske-1 for
prohibiting one-man trolley-cars.
2. That restaurant and hotel employees handling food be submitted to
medical examination periodically ;o
safeguard guests against venereal and
other diseases.
I, That the Quebec government be
asked to appoint a minister of education, to inaugurate free, compulsory
and equal education, to supply uniform textbooks, and employ only certificated teachers at a decent minimum wage.
4, That government Blckness insurance legislation be enacted.
6. That the Dominion government
be asked to assume responsibility for
the well-being of harvesters Imported
from the old country and prevent their
drifting into unemployment in the
cities.
6. That compulsory inspection of
all locomotives be required and strictly enforced.
7. That Oriental labor be excluded
and the activities of Oriental residents
bg subjected to government supervision.
That the congress reiterate this demand for total exclusion of all Orientals, and that the executive committee and provincial executives press
for legislation which will more effectively restrict said Immigration.
Emergency Resolution
The resolution In reference to harvest labor was treated as an emergency matter. The secretary was Instructed to telegraph the decision of
congress to the minister of labor. It
reads as follows:
Your executive has noted and carefully watched developments of the
recent bringing to Canada from Great
CLOSER RELATIONS
With Labor Movements of Dominions Expressly Stated
in Gontitution
THE BRITISH LABOR PARTY
Proposes to Hold Interdominion
Conference During: Empire
Exhibition Next Year
[Labor Press Service]
LONDON, Sept, 1.—A surprising.
amount of interest was takon by
the press In a Reutcr message from
Canada stating that the British labor
party has proposed to tho labor movement in the dominions the holding of
an Inter-domlnion labor conference,
possibly during the British empire
exhibition next year. The Observer,
for example, with the air of a benignant owl, remarks that as the labor
party draws nearer to power It is evidently taking its imperial responsibilities Beriously. We see no need for
being quite so solemn and portentous
about this proposal. The establishment of closer relations with the labor
movements of the dominions Is expressly stated In the party constitution to be one of the objects of the
labor partyr along with the creation
of an international labor organization. Within the last few months,
the labor and sociulist International
has been reconstituted and reorganized, and British labor is now taking
steps to establish more effective contact with the labor movement overseas. There are a great many questions affecting the workers ln the several countries forming the British
commonwolth. such as emmlgration,
trade and tariffs, imperial policy, the
exploitation of natural resources by
capitalistic enterprise, which call for
discussion and the formulation of an
interdominion policy. Tho proposed
conference ls intended to serve this
purpose.
Britain of workers for the western
harvest fields, and considering that
the situation is one which calls for a
united protest, recommends that this
convention forward the following telegram to the prime minister of Canada
and the minister of Immigration at
Ottawa:
"It having been authoritatively
stated that approximately 12,000 men
have been induced to come to Canada
for work in the western harvest fields,
many of whom have been found unfit
physically for such laborious work;
numbers of these being unable to secure employment under present conditions, are already drifting into the
western cities with the likelihood of
their becoming public charges on
these municipalities; the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada, in convention, assembled protest strongly
against wholesale migration of this
nature undertaken without any preparation to ensure reasonable opportunity of employment during the coming winter months and demands that
the federal government accept the responsibility of returning these unemployed workers to their homes or
provide them with the means of sustenance until employment can be secured by them."
The debates, while energetic, were
for the most part conducted on parliamentary .rules   worthy   legislative
bodies,   ohly  one   "scene"   occurred,
when  Jack Kavanagh of Vancouver
described  some of the  delegates as
labor fakirs."   President Tom Moore
promptly demanded retraction, threatening expulsion as a penalty.     The
delegate  changed the  expression to
those who are riding on the backs
of labor," and the chairman said that
any whom the cap fitted might wear
it, but he knew of none.
Current Rates
One of the most interesting discussions which, however, did not reach a
finality, was brought about by a group
of Montreal resolutions asking provln
clal legislation in Quebec requiring
that rates of wages and hours of labor
on public workB and contracts be fixed
according to the "current" rates in the
locality before government contracts
were let.
Standard Living Wage
Objection was taken to the vagueness of the word "current" Some
suggested that union wages should be
demanded. To this others replied that
in some places, especially ln Quebec,
there were two or three unions with
different scales. Some suggested that
the cost of living should be a standard. .Others objected that this would
Imply upward and downward fluctuations, whereas lt was the object of
organized labor to Improve conditions
by persistent pressure for upward re*
vision of wage scales.
President Moorse finally assured
the congress that no more cavilling
about phraseology would cure the
situation, as the difficulties arose only
through division and disorganization In
the ranks of labor. The dictum must
be laid down that fair wages were de<
manded and the precise scales could be
worked out only by solidarity ahd con
tlnued pressure from the ranks of organized labor. The cost of living stan<
dard could not be accepted, as labor
had not yet reached the stage where
all workers of all crafts were willing
to accept exactly the same wages.
Personal Liberty
The resolutions finally went back to
the committee for redrafting, In consultation with the Quebec delegation,
whose local requirements were thc
primary consideration for tho moment
Another resolution asked tho Ontario governmont to adopt the Dominion fttir wage regulation, and still
another complained of inefficient enforcement by the dominion of Its own
regulation on this point
A resolution asking sanitary inspection of barber shops, enforcement of
standards of efficiency and rigid regulation of barber colleges has special
interest in British Columbia, in view
of the demand coming before the next
session-, of the legislature for an act
Incorporating the barbers along pro>
fessional lines,
The resolution respecting health inspection of restaurant employees provoked a long discussion, which hinged
chiefly on the question of whether a
spade should be called a spade or
more euphonious language in respect
of the primary obect of tho resolution be adopted. Aftor division on
several proposed amendments, the original draft finally carried by an over,
whelming majority. Some delegates
contended that such Inspection was an
infringement of personal liborty,
Fair Wage Clause
A resolution emanating from the
decorators had an interost to householders in that It alleged that the re*
papering of a room without flrst removing the old paper was a menace
to health, and asked legislation prohibiting this practice.
It was allotted in a resolution coming from Hamilton that tho National
Steel Car company, which has big
contarcts from the C. N. R., employs
the 10-hour day or longer, enforces
(Continued on page 4)
mm she
Engineers and Officers Disgusted
with Would-be Firemen
and Sailors
OPERATING ACCOUNT  LOSS
Scanty Food, Long Hours, Low
Wages and No Overtime—
. C. G. M. M. Ships
MANY of the engineers and officers
who have to work with would-be
firemen and sailors are so disgusted
that it won't take many more inexperienced men to have those officers quit
their jobs, although the Engineers'
and Masters' and Mates' associations
are not taking any action on behalf
of their members who have to do unfair work. One has only to look
through the August issue of the official Journal of the Marine Engineers
of Canada to find that the seamen are
not the only ones who are discontented with the way that these ships are
being handled. It ls stated that tho
net loss on operating account to date
ls $3,659,711.75, coupled with statements that President Sir Henry Thornton knows very little about operating
ships of this class and less about the
trade they are engaged In, and words
to the effect that the entire management of the Canadian Government
Merchant Marine knew nothing about
operating ships, with the exception
of John Sinclair. One of the statements made by Mr. Martell was,
"Let ub get rid of these ships of the
Merchant Marine, this great octopus.
If we cannot do any better with them
than We have done in the past, I
would ask that they be given to some
Son of Israel to be put on the dump
pile." This member further stated
that Liberal as he is, he would vote
against the Government If they persisted in trying to get. that vote for
he Canadian Government Merchant
Marine.
As this honorable gentleman complained of the inefficiency of the entire management of the Canadian
Merchant Marine and the vast
amount of losses that are incurred lu
operating the ships, is lt any wonder
that the crews of the ships are continually complaining of scanty food,
long hours, low wages and no overtime, with the additional Imposition
of signing nrticlos that are very very
unfair to seamen? The C.G.M.M,
ships represent nothing but floating
prisons, according to the fines and
punishments that are aboard these
vessels. The Seafarers are appealing
to all workers to keep away from
these ships until conditions aboard
them are flt for human being to survive under.—Com.
Statistics for 1022 as Furnished
by   Afflliated
Societies
The Co-operative Union of Canada,
a national federation of co-operative
societies, with headquarters at Brantford, Ont, has Just published the statistics for last year of such of its afflliated societies as have furnished Information as to their business oper
atlons. For the previous year, four-
teen retail societies reported, whereas, on this occasion, one marketing
and twelve retail societies did so. The
aggregate sales of thc latter were |2,
166,196.42, as against $1,990,764.50
for fourteen societies in the previous
year. The co-operative marketing organization, United Grain Growers,
limited, nlso did a distributive business of $2,838,424, making total sales
of the reporting societies In the organized movement uf $5,004,620.43.
The latter organization, in addition,,
marketed 89,224 head of cattle, 79,890
hogs and 26,000,000 bushels of grain.
The retail societies disclose an aggregate share capital of $293,183.26,
an increase of $83,622.19. The loan
capital of $167,782.63 indicates a decrease of $7652.11/ Of the twelve retail societies, nine report the payment
of dividends on purchases during the
year, ranging from onc and a half to
ten per cent. Ten of them made a net
proflt surplus during 1922, aggregating $157,820.68, an Improvement of
$2607,70. As such societies had an
aggregate share capital of $268,443.26,
this net profit surplus is equal to 68.6
per cent on the capital investment,
were It disposed nf ln that way. Of
this amount, however, $138,761,61
was returned to the consumers as dividends in proportion to thoir pur
chnses. Notwithstanding the Increaso
in net profit, this represented a reduction of $5760.30, indicating, it Is suggested, a tendency to greater appropriations to rosorvo.
The furnishing of this flnanclal Information is voluntary, and therefore,
it Is incomplete., Tlie Co-operative
Union states that several societies reporting last year, und slill In successful operation, hnve failed to do ho on
this occasion, nnd fit hers regularly
neglect to do so.
W. H. CottrelTs Statement
Extended Argument for Wages Increases of Electric Railway
Employees—Facts and Figures to Prove Men's Contentions—
What Is Wanted
Tho labor movement needs loss pessimism and more good fellowship.
Lenders should have a little faith in
the future.
THE Conciliation Board proceed-'
ings on the B. C. Electric wage
schedule still continues. The Board
will meet again on Monday to receive
the statement of W. G. Murrin, presenting the company's reply. At
Tuesday morning's session, W. H.
Cottrell, counsel for the emyloyeop, in
summing up the pdoccedings had the
following to say:
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of tho
ConcilHation Board:
We have made a request for an increase of approximately 10% in wages
and for certain working conditions
that were previously in our agreement with the B. C. E. Railway Company, and that were considered by us
to be absolutely essential.
We have placed before you our case
and to the best of our ability have endeavored by evidence and argument
to prove the justice of our demands.
The company has placed thcir case
In rebuttal before you and we now
propose to, as briefly as possible, review this evidence and at the same
time make a general summary of our
oase.
On our part, Mr. Chairman, we are
endeavoring to obtain better wages
and working conditions for approximately 1600 men who are employed
by the company in their transportation business. We are endeavoring
to justify the claims of these men and
their dependents for a slightly Improved standard of living and for
that reason at the very outset we
have placed before you in Exhibit 3,
a carefully prepared atatetment showing the absolute necessities of a family of five for one year to be $1,793.44.
Mr. Murrin has made frequent reference to this statement as an arbit-
ary standard,  but has made no at-
empt to show that lt la not correct
A Practical Starting Point.
We say, Mr. Chairman, that this ls
a practical starting point, in fact the
only practical starting point for an
Investigation of this nature.
There must be Bome basis for this
cost of living and we submit thie
carefully prepared statement.
We say that $120.00 per month is
not an adequate wage and we set out
the bare necessities of the average
family of five and this amounts to
$150.00 per month.
There ts no sinking fund for old age
or in case of accident or disability,
allowed for in this table. There Is
no provision for literature and school
books for the children, nothing for
fruits, such as bananas, lemons and
oranges and candles for the children,
no allowance even for tobacco.
The company on their part have
made no attempt to show that the
pruent rate ia fair and adequate,
one that will provide a decent standard of living. They apparantly
would rather deal In theory and have,
as usual, placed before the Board,
charts, etc., purporting to show by
comparisons that the cost of living
in Vancouver is lower than In any
other city In Canada,
We contend, Mr. Chairman, that
these Rainbow Charts are not reliable as a basis for such a serious
question, that they can be juggled
with to such an extent that they are
simply ridiculous.
Mr. Murrin vory solemnly declares,
for example, that (Ex. 35c) based as
It ls on Labor Gnirette figures, that the
cost of living in Winnipeg is 13%
higher in Vancouver; that in Vancouvor the cost of living (based on rent,
""fuel, light, groceries and meats) ls
$20.10 per week; in Winnipeg, $22.71;
Ottawa, $21.08; Montreal, $21.37;
Quebec,  $20.14;  Halifax,  $22.70.
Mr, Chairman, lei us examine this
Btatement and endeavor tn (Ind what
real value thoro Is in it
Opportunity  for Juggling
Tako tho rent, for Instance, This
tahle places tho rent for (Vancouver)
as $6.69 per week, Thoy havo taken
the high rate of $29.00 per month
for a fully modern 6-roomcd house.
(By the wny, in our estimato, we took
tho lower rate of $26.00 for a seml-
modorn, 6-roomed houso). The table
sets tho rent for Winnipeg as $9.81.
The Labor Gazetto states that thc
rent In Winnipeg for a fully modern
house is from $35.00 to $50.00 per
month; In Vancouver, $29.00; for
semi-modem tn Winnipeg, $26.00 to
$35.00; in Vancouver, $25,00
In each case there Is a different
way of quoting rents. This gives a
splendid opportunity for juggling.
Suppose, for instance, that you take
tho lowest rate quoted In each city
for a semi-modern 6-roomcd house,
which I contend, Mr. Chairman, would
bo a more ronsonable thing to do If
you had a very modest wago, and
whnt thon  would be the rcsult?
The Labor Gazette says you can
ront a semi-modern 6-roomed house
in Vancouver for $26.00; tn Winnipeg
for $25.00; Ottawa, $21.00; Montreal,
$16.00; Quebec, 12.00; Halifax, (20.00,
The ultimate result, without altering a single figure about groceries,
moats, etc., would bc
COST OP LIVING
Ronl flroceriei, etc Total
Vancouver      6,78       la.-ll       10.17
Winnipeg     6*70      12.B0      18.68
Ott«W«        4.84 13.70        18.54
Montreal     a.e»      ia.8»      17.68
Qufliro        2.76 la.79 18.56
Halifax        4-61 14.82 10.23
There you have, Mr. Chairman, the
material for the manufacture   of    n* 'ing tho cost of the necessities for a
family of five in Vancouver and compared with our request, clearly shows
the necessity for an Increase In wages.
We, then, in further justification of
our requests, refer you to Exhibit 4,
which clearly shows that right across
the continent there have been increases, considerably ln excess of the
increase In Vancouver. There are
about 150 cities quoted ln this Exhibit 4.
It shows tho rates paid in January,'1919, and rates (as far as It waB
possible to get them) in July, 1923.
It showa that the increase ln Vancouver was 7J^c during that period,
that in ten of these cities the Street
Railway men received the same or
less increase, 'that 95 received from
7%c to 15a increase during the period.
That 26 received from 15c to 20c.
That 14 received from 20c to 26c.
That    6 rceivod from 25c to SOc.
Trend of Wagos Increases
Surely, Mr. Chairman, lt must be
admitted that this shows a general
trend of wage increases to street railway employees right across the continent of America.
Mr. Murrin has made a reply to
this ln Exhibit 77-C.
I would point out that In our Exhibit 4, we have quoted wages paid In
January, 1919, and at the end of
June, 1923, a period of 42 months.
Exhibit 77-C covers a period of 28
months only, and refers to only 76
cities.
We will also hand over to the board
the statements from which our information was compiled, so that If there
Is any further Information as to
trend of wages, they may form their
own opinion. *■
I do contend, Mr. Chairman,
that this Is an important factor. I
claim that wages to street railway
men have been steadily increasing on
this continent, that this Is borne out
by the Information we have given to
the board,
I contend that it ls largely due to
a general recognition of the increasing responsibility in stiieet railway
employees' work in these modern
times; it is a recognition of the Importance In a large modern city of
tho street railway transportation. Tho
necessity of keeping a force of highly-
trained careful men on the job
all the time is being recognised
more and more as time goes on,
with the increasing speeds and the
congested traffic.
It is interesting In this connection
to note Mr, Murrin's statement as set
out ln his message to the employees,
Exhibit 17:
Mr. Murrin's Statement
"The great objective Is the increase
ln the average speed of the cars, and
ln one place, at least, I found the average Bpeed nearly two miles an hour
higher than our own, and In a number
of places one mile an hour and upwards. I know that a great number
of factors contribute to this average
rate of speed; such as street congestion, design of cars, horsepower of
cars, etc, but lf we are to maintain
our place as a good example of electric transportation, and a favored
vehicle for travel In this district, we
must continually strive towards improving those conditions which affect
the average speed of thc car.
"Skip-stop and other artificial
means of curtailing the stopping
time have got to be further considered, as have also menns of getting
the passengers more quickly on nnd
ott thc ears, but thc greatest factor of
all is thc co-operation of the motor-
man and conductor In our efforts to'
this end, nnd we are fortunate in having mon of a calibre that can be of
tho greatest assistance in this respoct."
Mr, Murrin has laid particular stress
on Canadian comparisons, and I have
taken pains to find whether this hears
OUt this steady trend of Increase and
place the facts beforo you, taldng the
Canadian cities quoted by Mr. Murrin
in Exhibit 34C, and making It more
complete by the addition of others,
with the following result;
Wages Compared
Compare with Exhibit 34C comparison of wages paid to motormen and
conductors in Canadian cUIoh, showing IncrcaHu during period 1919-23.
1910      1023      Inc.
Vancouver     51
Winnipeg  _     47
colored chart that could be used to
support an argument for an Increase
ln wuges on the ground that the cost
of living is higher in Vancouver than
in Winnipeg, Ottawa, Montreal and
Quebec.
We say, Mr. Chairman, this is just
one example of how these charts
based on the Labor Gazette, lack of
standard, can be juggled. That this
feature of ConcilHation Boards being solemnly asked to take such misleading exibits Into consideration is
a huge force and only tends to waste
the time of the Board and frustrate
their efforts in arriving at a settlement.
In this regard, 1 would like to
quote from no less an authority than
our morning "Sun" on Thursday, September 6, 1923.
Extract from Editorial
"... But the Fordney tariff does
such violence to the principle and
to the economic structure of the
continent that Canadian living costs
are fully 25% higher than American living costs.
A certain Canadian manufactured car (?) purchased in Vancouver
costs $2090. The same care (just
across the line in Beilingham, can
be bought for $1425.
Gasoline sells ln Vancouver for
33 cents an imperial gallon. Across
the line in Beilingham lt sells for
17 cents, or by imperial measure 21
cents.
Food, clothing and everything
olse are in proportion,
The big pressing question today
Is how long can the Canadian consumer stand It?
Reciprocity of trade seems to be
a forgotten Issue in Canada, Only
reciprocity of tariff can save Canada from depopulation and the excessive living costs which depress
prosperity and promote pessimism. ..."
Canadian Costs Higher Than U.S.
Here you have the statement that
Canadian costs are 26% higher than
U. s. costs.
Then ngai-i, Mr. Chairman, from the
majority report of the 1915 conciliation board:
"It appears from statements baaed
on the Labor Gazette that with respect
to a typical family of five, the coBt of
living fn Vancouver, Including all
foods, fuel, light and rent per week, ln
the month of March, 1918, was $16.28,
and that it fell to $13.22 in March,
1916.
"It also oppears that this latter cost
was lower thnn in the cities of Calgary,
Edmonton, Reglna, Winnipeg and
Toronto.
"You will note that the cities can
be changed and this gives another opportunity to vary the result."
Further than to point out the ridiculous nature of this evidence, we do not
Intend to be a party to this question of
comparison of cost of living In other
(ties.
We maintain that Exhibit 3, In show
JOINT CONFERENCE
At Vyborg—"No Cake for Any*
one Till AU Have Bread"
Is Fundamental
ECONOMIC ORDER BREAKING
Is the Growing; Feeling Among
the Christian Peoples of the
Entire World
OVER 200 delegates from twenty-
different countrios attended an
international conference hold recently at Vyborg, under tho auspices of
tho Christian international movement, to discuss from the religious
point of view tho problems that now
divide the nations of the world.
Theologians, educationists, politicians,
trade union leaders, Journalists, social workers, and representatives of
various idealist movements, such as
the "youth movement," took part in
tho conference. 'Reports were presented which showod that among
Christian peoplo In alt countries
there is a growing fooling that tho
nomlc nnd social order Is breaking clown because It is based on a
practical denial of moral principles.
One view which found expression in
the conference was that the solution
lies In direct personal action by thoso
who wcro constrained to surrender
privileges that prevented other obtaining tho barest necessities; whilst
others maintained that thoro should
lio collective Christian action to right
social and economic wrongs. Theso
are not. In our view, mutually exclusive principles of action* Hut cor.
Ininly the flrst Ih fundamentl; it
was stated In "Labor and the New
Social Ordor" In the aphorism, "No
cake for anynne till all have bread.
If tlie next war comes It will be the
last war, says I*. Snowden, M. P. It
will leave neither armies nor navies,
nations nor peoples to wage war.
68%
.«
56
9
4B
18
48
11
48
9
48
11
n    45
45
8
55
11
58
18
«■' ':•
ITS,
55
17%
flip
14
80
23
London
Hamilton     87
Ottawa    _..,.    89
Montreal   „     37
Quebec  Not known
Halifax      87
Windioj      41
Bran Word     33
Canary    4s
Kofdna     37 jt
Fort William     38
Toronto    37
Bdinontm     50       00        16
HA1.knt-.11n        4! Ofl •__
Here again, Mr. Chairman, tho trend
of Inerease is plainly evident, ranging
from iy}. In Vancouvor during that
period, (the lowest Increnso), to 25c
per hour increnso in Saskatoon.
This also shows that in 1919 the rate
of Tile per hour wun higher than In
any of these 16 cities, and that In
1923 four of them aro higher thnn
Vancouver. Hut, arter nil, the test
would be in tho percentage of increase,
and this Is as follows:
. (Continued on page 3) PAGE TWO
fifteenth year, no. 37 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.o.
FRIDAY September 14, 1821
British Columbia Federationist
Published every Friday morning by
The   British   Columbia   Federationist
Business Offico: 1129 llowo Stroet
Editorial Office: Room 306—319 Ponder W.
Editorial Board: P. R. Bengough, B. H. Neelands, Qggrgo Bartley. _____
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per member per
month.	
Tfnity of Labor:   ThB Hopo of thojfforld
FRIDAY September 14, 192:.
TRADES  AND  LAHOR   CONGRESS
THE thirty-ninth annual convontion
of tho Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada Is still in session, in th*
Vancouver hotol hall, as The Foderationist goes to press with a partial report of the proceedings. So far, the
outstanding quostion has ooen that or
"Canadian autonomy, industrial
unions and political action." This
matter was before congress all day
Tuosday, and was ably handled by
both sides. Finally any reorganization
on these lines was rejected on a "roll-
call" vote of 120 to 53. It is believed,
however, that a new draft of a resolution on political action will come up
for further consideration,
• • *
Some startling figures were given
congress by W. Jt. Trotter, vice-president of the International Typographical union regarding the forty-four-
hour strike. From June, 1921, to May,
1923, there wero paid strike benefits
to Canadian unions, $3,847,797.91. To
the same as mortuary benefits, $29,-
475; and a further sum to same as
old-age pensions, $73,272. These sums
mako a total of $3,950,544.91 as paid to
Canadian unions by the international.
Tho receipts from Canada were $909,-
107.07. Thus tho printers on this side
of the line received $2,981,437.84
more than they paid In in two years.
, *       *       *
The total receipts from all typographical unions ln the U. S. and Canada in two years amountedto $15,810,-
503.81. Of this huge sum, $14,673,-
505.58 were expended for strikes. The
striko fund surplus Is thus $1,136,-
938.23. Number of printers on strike,
August 20, 1923, 2106, of whom 168
are In Canada.
CONGRESS PROCEEDINGS
IT IS owing to the lengthy but important statemont regarding Increase of wages (appearing in this Issue) by W. H. Cottroll, counsel for
the B. C. Blectric Railway Company's
employees, that the proceedings of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
have to be curtailed to some extent
this week. The balance of an extended
report of same will be continued ln
next issue.
New Books
Dr. Frank E-. Dorchester of this
city has just issued two books,, one
of which Is entitled "Man, Mind and
Energy," .the other "Can, Tou Make
Good." In them he very ably dls-
cussess biologic facts in plain understandable language. The volumes are
not exactly dh physical culture; they
dea] more With science. The doctor
for many years has interested himself in physical' education and Is a
well-known authority and contributor to magazines and other publications. All classes would immensely
beneflt by reading these books, J.
W. Boyd is publisher.
An Hour with Thomas Carlyle
r
UNEMPLOYMENT IN N. S. W.
J*bor   Council   Asks Government  to
Increase Allowance for
Relief Work
A deputation from the New South
Wales Lafoor council recently waited
upon Acting Premier Oakes to ask
whether the state govornmont would
supplement New South Wales' quota
of £500,000 made available by the
commonwealth government for the relief of unemployment.
Mentioning lhal the whole attitudo
of the labor movoment wns against
tho dole sy-itom. J. 8. Garden suggested thai by supplementing tho
grant the stale government could
carry out much-needed sewerage and
other public works, wliich, besides being of great beneflt to the unemployed,
would bo of a reproductive naturo.
Messrs. Gibb and McKenzie spoke
of the distress due to unemployment,
and said that the men would be willing to accept any class of work.
In reply, Mr. Oakes said that tho
maximum New South Wales quota
would bc W 38,000. Tho matter was
before the cabinet, but nothing could
bo done until It was learnt undor
what conditions lhe money would be
made available. llo would carry the
representations of tlio deputation to
thc cabinet, and sec whether it would
be possible to supplement the grant ln
order, as far as possiblo, to moot the
unemployment problem. The government, added Acting Premier Oakes,
was not in favor of paying doles.
Organ Plant
St. Hyacinthe, Que., has the distinction of having developed Lho world's
largest organ plant, and by native Invention and improvements evolved an
Instrument which receives pralfle from
the world's flrst artists. -*n organ recently shipped by Cassavant Frerefl of
that place lo Paris, France, Is absolutely the first to leave the American
continont for Kurope, the movement
having heretofore been in the opposite direction, and was so shipped bo-
cause the purchaser desired lho finest
nnd most-Up-to-date Instrument that
could bo secured.
A that labor, struggling hard to gain
ground and know its friends, should
bo mado aware of the noble predictions that have been uttered by men
now dead and gone, those men who,
with prophetic vision, saw the high
destiny that awaited the toller, and
foretold in no uncertain terms the
triumph that would ultimately crown
his efforts. One such was Thomas
Carlyle, gruff old Scottish warrior,
who di-1 not mince matters in addressing tho capitalists of his duy, and
whose inspiring words fired the hearts
of thc new generation of labor men ln
Britain. Tho message is for us too,
that wo may be inspired and heartened In our flght. Listen to Ihis from
his "Gospel of Mummonism," strangely
appllcablo to us in this country hore
and now:
"Wo for the preaent, with our Mam
mon Gospel, have come to strange
conclusions. We call It a society; and
go about professing openly the totalest
separation, isolation. Our life Is not
a mutual helpfulness; but rather
cloaked under duo laws-of-war, named
'fair competition' and so forth, it Is a
mutual hostility. We have profoundly
forgotten everywhere that cash payment is not the sole relation of human
beings; we think, nothing doubting,
that IT absolves and liquidates all engagements of man. . . . Verily
Mammon-worship is a melancholy
greed. When Cain, for his own behoof, had killed Abel, and was questioned, 'where is thy brothor?' he too
made answer, 'Am I my brother's
keeper?' Did I not pay my brother
HIS wagos, the thing lio had merited
from me?
"O sumptuous merchant prince. ,
. . is> there no way of 'killing' thy
brother but Cain's rude way! . . .
To a deadened soul, scared with the
brute idolatry of sense, to whom going to hell Is equivalent to not making
money, ail 'promises,' nnd moral duties, that can not be pleaded for In
courts of requests, address themselves
ln vain. Money he can be ordered to
pay, but nothing more, I have not
heard in all past history, and expect
not to hoar in nil future history, of
any society anywhere undor God's
heaven supporting itself on such philosophy. The universe Is not made so;
it is made otherwise than so."
Can our present-day capitalist and
owning class not read and understand?
"All work," he says again, "even
cotton spinning, is noble work; work
is alone noble; be that here said and
asserted once more. And in like manner too, all dignity is painful; a life
of ease is not for any man, nor for any
god. The life of all gods figures itself
to us as a sublime sadness—earnestness of Infinite battle against Infinite
labor The only happiness a
bravo man ever troubled himself with
asking much about was happiness,
enough to get his work done. Not 'I
can't eat!' but ' I can't work!' that
was the.burden of all wise complain
Ing among men. It is, after all, the
one unhapplness of a man that he can
not work; that he can not get his destiny as a man fulfilled. ... A man
that can succeed in working is to me
always a man."
And this Is how he speaks of the
manual laborer:
"How one loves to see the burly
flgure of him, this thick-skinned, seem-
inly opaque, perhaps sulky, almost
stupid man of practice, pitted against
some light, adroit man of theory, all
equipped with clear logic, and able
anywhere to give you why for wherefore! The adroit man of theory, so
light of movement, clear of utterance,
with his bow futlbent and quiver full
of arrow-arguments—surely he will
strike down the game, transfix everywhere the heart of the matter; triumph everywhere, as he proves that
he shall and must do? To your astonishment, it turns out oftenest No.
The cloudy - browed, thick - soled,
opaque practicality, with no logic utterance, in selence mainly, with here
and there a low grunt or growl, has in
him what transcends all logic-utterance; a congruity with the unuttered.
The speakable, which lies atop, aB a
superficial film, or oulcr skin, Is his
or is not his; but tho doablo, whicli
reaches down to the world's centre,
vou find him thore!"
How aptly this describes conflicts
between capital and labor in our own
time—labor accustomed to do, to
handle the pick and shovel, thc file
and the saw, strong and securo ln the
knowledge of what It can accomplish;
and pitted against it all sorts and
conditions of frothy lawyers higgling
ovor mean little points, mero speakers, logic choppers, tricksters and
greedy poople trying to get somothing
for nothing. There can only be one
ultimate end to any such conflict.
And there is nothing prophetic In
this?
"As if, in truth, there were no god
of labor; us if godlike labor and brutal
Mammonlsm wero convertible terms.
. , . Giant labor, truest emblem
there Is of God the world-worker,
Demiurgus, an eternal maker; noblo
labor, which Is yot to be the king of
this earth, and sit on the highest
throne—staggering hitherto liko a
blind irrational giant, hardly allowed
to havo his common place on the stroet
pavement; idle dilettantism, Dead sea
apism crying out, 'Down with him; he
Is dangerous.' Labor must become a
seeing rational giant, with a SOUL in
the body of him, and take his place
on the throne of things—leaving his
Mammonlsm, and several other adjuncts, on the lower slops of said
throne."
How fitly, too, is his indictmont of
tho industrial exploiter of his Ume,
whom he apostrophises as "Plugson
of Undershot," made applicable to our
own Judge Elbort H.' Gary of steel
trust notoriety:
"Plugson, who has Indomitably spun
or
IS important at this time of dayfeotton merely to gain thousands of
pounds, I have to call as yet a hue-
canier and Choctaw; till there come
something better, still more indomitable, from him. His hundred thousand-pound notes, if there be nothing
other, are to me but as the hundred
scalps in a Choctaw wigwam. The
blind Plugson; ho was a captain of in
dustry, born member of the ultimate
genuine aristocracy of this universe,
could ho have known it! These thousand men that span and tolled round
him, thoy were a regiment whom he
had enlisted man by man; to make
war on a very genuine enemy; baroness of back, and disobedient cotton-
fibre, which will not, unless forced to
it, consent to cover bare backs. Here
is a most genuine enemy; over whom
all creatures will wish him victory,
He enlisted his thousand men; said to
thom, 'come, brothers, let us have a
dash at cotton!' Thoy follow with
cheerful shout; they gain such a victory over cotton as the earth has to
admire and clap hands at; but alas, it
is yot only of the Buccanler of Choctaw sort—as good as no victory! Foolish Plugson of St. Dolly Undershot;
does he hope to become illustrious by
hanging up the scalps in his wigwam,
the hundred thousands at his bankers,
and saying, Behold my scalps? Why,
Plugson, evon thy own host is all in
mutiny; cotton is conquered! but the
'bare backs'—are worse covered than
ever! Indomitable Plugson, thou
must ceaso to be a Choctaw; thou and
others; thou thyself, lf no other!"
With a flourish of trumpets Judge
Gary tells us that the total undivided
surplus of the United States Steel
Trust at December 31 last, exclusive of
profits of subsidiary companies, was
$449,000,000; that the trust had at the
end of that year 214,931 omployeos
who earned in said year an aggregate
of $322,678,130, or an average of
$1501 each—that is to say $125 per
month per employee.
[The average hero stated includes
salaries of high officials, superintendents, foremen and others of like positions of authority and therefore has no
meaning as to the wages received annually by the skilled and unskilled
manual laborers in the employ of the
United States Steel corporation.]
Think of it! Tho undivided sur
plus of $449,000,000, greater than the
aggregate wages of thoso who created
It by some $126,000,000! And not a
sign anywhere that the judge felt any
shame in making tho announcement!
Instead there Is a cry from the judge's
soul against the laws restricting im
migration, tempered by a mysterious
paragraph about the appointment of
certain financiers to "administer the
corporation's profit-sharing plan"—
details of both the "plan" and the
"fund" being lacking.
Poor Plugson Gary! Conquering
steel with his army in a way that
steel never before was conquered for
no nobler end than that the undivided
surplus should exceed the aggregate
earnings of the workers by a hundred
millions of dollars! And the judge
can see no incongruity in this, but Is
indeed, on occasion, discovered to be
full of virtuous indignation at the
claims of his own army when they
band themselves together and say to
him sternly: "This Buccanlering must
presently cease!" The judge Is indeed
Judged and found wanting. He might
do well to go back to his Carlyle
awhile. For there perchance he may
find illumination.
Why Let George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow doea,
why kick, He is doing the best he
can. Why complain because George
does it.    Why not do it yourself?
Our plea is a simple one: that there
should be one kind of education In the
country for all children between 12
and 15.—Captain Hay, British M. P.
To whom are we paying an indemnity? It Is to those who held the
country to ransom during war-time,
and who are represented on the government benches. They made some
flne profits,—-Mr. Broad, British M. P.
Tlie Austrian federal government
ire to finance a wheat pool for the
coming harvest in Australia. The government will guarantee a minimum of
3s. per bushel for all wheat delivered
for sale.
Arnold in His Poetry
Splendor, music, passion, breadth
of movement and rhythm, we flnd in
him In no great abundance; what we
do flnd is high distinction of feeling
(to use his own word), a temperance,
a kind of modesty of expression, which
is at the samo timo un artistic resource—the complexion of his work;
and a remarkable faculty for touching
the hordes which connect our feelings
with the things that others have done
and spoken.—Henry James.
"T HERE Is nothing more dli-
' tressing to the artistic eye,
or more annoying to the business man, than badly printed
stationery.
ENSURE   HIGH-CLASS
MODERN     PRINTING
By Placing Your Orders with
COWAN
BROOKHOUSE
LIMITED
COMMERCIAL PRINTERS
Phones:     Sey. 4*100 and  7421
1120 Howe St., Vancouver, B. C,
Typos Should Be in Touch with
Their Fellows in Every
Land
[By Joseph E. Cohen, Philadelphia]
Commercial rivalries are the fundamental causes of international strife,
Just as industrial aggression is responsible for the social inequality which
makes "countless thousands mourn.'1
More and more It devolves upon labor
to bring the adjustment which will
make this a fit placo i'or human beings to live In.
Labor has most to gain by organizing tho forcos of socioty to do good,
Just as to-day labor suffers most by
these forces being out of joint. Under
payment, overwork, uncertainty of
employment, illness, Invalidity, accident and defenceless old age are
items on the wrong side of the most
working people's lodged. Worse than
that, there Is no telling when war will
again raiso Its alarum, with all the
horrible consequences in Its train.
If the cloud-flecked future ls to
turn to a better promise than the dismal past, then it can be, very largely,
if labor snatches the cart of progress
before it tumbles over the precipice
and directs ft to a safe and happy
course.
Above everything else, labor will
have to become world-minded. Labor Is the touch which should make
the whole world kin. The workers of
all lands must strive for a common
purpose if civilization is to be spared
such another slaughter as the world
war, and if want and poverty are to
give way to comfort and content,
It should not be so difficult to inculcate the world idea. Thought follows trade, and trado is a most persistent globe-trotter. International
congresses are quite tho regular procedure. Only the workers have been
tardy in promoting mundane accord.
The war shot to pieces the international of labor, ns lt destroyed so
much of what was bost. The pieces
have not yet boon -put together. The
causes for friction are apparently
stronger than those for amity. But
this cannot last. The race of man
will havo to come to harmony or lt
will destroy itsolf altogether.
International congresses of particular trades are fow enough. Aside
from the union miners and needle
workors, one has to pause to cite
more. Why should not the printers
jump to tho lead.
The International Typographical
Union very worthily vindicated its International character in the forty-
four-hour movement. Why not go a
stop further? For the same reason
that Canada and the Central American countries contribute to the making of the organization, why not leap
across the flood to the eastern hemisphere and mako one organization of
all union printers to the extent of
meeting, say,  In annual conference?
Certainly no harm could come. A
great deal of good might be accomplished ln the establishment of standards, elevation of the craft and social well-being. Why should not the
printers in ench land be In touch with
their fellows in every land?
The time has come to break down
barriers between man and man. Saving humankind is a more important
Incentive than destroying it. ' Building for a higher form of existence is
a happy substitute for wrecking by
strife. Who better than the printers
are entitled to hold aloft the torch of
progress?
Is not the time ripe, then, for the
exchange of greetings among union
printers' organizations ln all lands
with the object of coming together
In a world assembly to promote the
common good?
A Union Is AVliat Yoa Make It
Some men imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that it is
made to order. This is a fallacy
which only active participation ln
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, instead of a
knocker.
or
President Advises the Workers to
Turn to Things Spiritual
for Consolation
[By Clarlcca S. Ware]
Feb. 19, 1919—A committee representing the striking textile workers of
Lawrence, Mass., went to Boston to
request an interview with Governor
Coolldge. Their mission wns to request
that an Impartial investigation committee be appointed to investigate the
brutal assaults of tho polico of Lawrence upon thc striking workers. Tho
then Governor Coolidge refused even
to see tho representatives of the
workers and had his secrotary inform
them that he would write them a
letter. They were forthwith dismissed. Later a letter arrived In Lawrence in which the Governor statod
to tho strikers; "If the police have
assaulted any person without warrant
of law the matter should be brought
to the attention of the criminal
court." And the strikers were advised to appeal to the criminal courts
for protetction from the police foroe.
April 19, 1919---During the telephone strike, Coolidge, then governor
of Massachusetts, wired Burleson
proposing that Massachusetts take
over the operation of the telephones
as a means of drafting labor ahd
breaking the strike.
Soptember 11, 1919—In connection
wilh the strike of the Boston police
Coolidge sent the following telegram
to Secretary of War Baker and Secretary of Navy Daniels: "The entire
stategunrd of Massachusetts has been
called out. I wish you would hold
yourself in readiness to render assistance from forces under your command."
The entire army and navy wore to
stand by to help the several thousand
national guardsmen of Massachusetts
break the strike of a little over a
thousand policemon who were striking for the reinstatement of 10 members, suspended for holding membership in the American Federation of
Labor,
November 23, 1920—Coolldge told
tho business men of Boston that his
re-election as governor of Massachusetts was a rebuke to labor.
June, 1920—The suspension of one
man's dividend is the suspension of
another man's pay envelope.
May 22, 1922—Coolidge urges reliance upon religion.
August 2, 1922—Coolidge suggests
spiritual remedies for industrial unrest.
June 19, 1923—Speaking in reference to government control or ownership Vice-president Coolidge uttered the following: "We do not
need more Government, we need
more culture. We do not need more
laws, we need more religion."
Labor of the United States Is advised by the new President to turn
to things spiritual for consolation, to
eat and wear things of the spirit, to
flnd in religion solace for its wrongs,
in culture, arts and music, relief for
unemployment, starvation wtges, and
long hours, and should these remedies
prove ineffectual and should the
workers discard the spiritual remedies of culture and religion in favor
of labor organization and the strike
then the panic-striken Coolidge will
call out the national guards, turn on
the machine guns, mow down the
workers and call for help upon the
army and navy. This ls the record
of the new president of the United
EVERY READER OAN HELP
Every reader of The Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing- their subscriptions as soon as
they are due, and by inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try lt.
 , i
, Patronize Federationist advertisers. I
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lllla oajtitAtesattst it not published or displayed by the Liquor Control
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^J<n^P^t
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Corsets for the
Average Figure
$2.50 a Pair
INCLUDING models of fancy pink brocade with
-*- straight elastic top and medium length skirt, supplied with 81/2-inch clasp and two pairs of hose
supporters.    Sizes 21 to 27, $2.50 a pair.
Model of fancy pink brocade, daintily trimmed with
embroidery; has spoon clasp with hook below and
four hose supporters; sizes 26 to 30—$2.50 a pair.
Bandeau Brassieres at 65c
Of pink granite cloth or pink brocade, in back-fastening style; sizes 32 to 38.
—Dry-dale's Corset Shop and Pitting Rooms, Socond Floor
575 Granville Street             Phone Seymour 3540
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
Tlio greatest nssistanco Hint tlio
readers of Tlie Federatlonist can render us nt this time, la by securing a
now subscriber. By doing so you
sprend tbe news or tbe working class
movemont nnd assist us.
Almost sixteen and a half million
bushels of whent were exported from
the port of Vancouver during the
period Sept.'l, 1922, to May 31 of thc
present year, according to figures issued by the Merchants Exchange.
In 1922 Canada produced minerals
estimated to bo worth $180,022,000,
an increase of practically $0,000,000
over the previous year.
A British silk manufacturing firm
has decided to establish a large plant
near Quebec city for the manufacture
of artificial silk yarn.
AU Ready for FaU
Wonderful Display of New Modes
WE havo now completed our wonderful
atock of now fall ready-to-woar
garments, and increased factory spaco
finds us fully propared to deal with nn
ever-increasing business. Conje and view
this flne showing whether you desire to
purchase or not.
Famous CLOAK«ni*
x ui ttu tta   sum co. im.
623 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BARRISTERS, SOUOITOBS, ETO.
MI-MI Metropolitan BoUdtnf
197 ___-t__|l St. W. VANCOUV BB, 1. 0.
T.Up-OMi: Sejmou (tM ul IMT
Drugless Healing
EXPERIENCE   GREATEST
OP TEACHERS
EVERYBODY agrees that experience is the groatost teachor. It
gives you "first-hand knowledge.
When you learn from this source,
thero is no theorizing. There Is no
mothod or syBtem In DRUGLESS
HEALING that we have not studied
and tried out, Wo have adapted what
is best nud discarded what we have
found worthless (there Ib a lot of
this hind.) We have tho best-equipped SimHtnriuin on the Pacific Coast,
With over 80 YEARS of prnctlcal experience, we aro prepared to give you
the benefits of this exporienco, so, If
you want
REAL SCIENTIFIC SERVICE
WE havo It to give.
Downie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bldg,
Sey. 603, High. 21341,
We represent the American University
of Sanipraetic, Seattle, Wash.
Ring up Phone Seymour 8814
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suil*   301   Dominion   RulMlng
VANCOUVER, B. C.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST  ,
1160 Georgia Street
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7i30 p.m.
Sunday school Immediately following
morning service. Wedneaday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.tn. Free roading room,
901*903 Birks Bldg.
JJ. T. Harriion s. A. Peru
MOUNT PLEASANT      ,
UNDERTAKING CO., LTD.
AMBULANCE SERVICE
232 KINGSWAY       VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
Pbone Falnnone 58
TJAVE you over hart a real drink,
11 ot Pure Apple Older during Uiel
Inst few years? r
To moot tho desires of many clients,,
wo havo introduced rooently a pure clear]
sparkling apple cider in pint bottles,!
eithor puro sweet or government regulation 2% hard appJo cider. Theae drinks
are absolutely pure and freo from all
carbonic acid gas or preservatives of
any nature. Write or phone your order
today, Highland 90.
VAN BEOS. LTD.
Older Muufict-rm
1S55 Commercial Drln, Viacomr, B. 0.
Mainland
Cigar Store
MO OAKHAM, STBEET       )
THE PLAOE FOB PIPES
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48 H   CORDOVA STREET EASI
Everything Modem
Rates Reasonable
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Place to Eat"
HASTINGS   A\D   COLUMBIA    S'
" 'Tis tho heart's voloe alone can
roach tho heart."—Do Mussett.
THE invention of tho telophone resul
od, not from an effort to flnd a meat
of communication, hut from tho doep nil
in tho hoart of tho inventor for thos
without the ability to hear tho huma
voico.
The range of the unaided voice is onl
a fow feet; but the samo voice speakln
into the telephono may bo heard a mil
or threo thousand miles away. The in
flections, tho accontB, the individual!!
aro ail transmitted faithfully.
Tho telephono stands ready day <
night to transmit your voice to relativ
friend, or anyone with whom you hav
need of speooh. Tho telophone Is th
universal instrument.
B. ,0.   TELEPHONE   OOMPANY
—"LAID  OFF"—
Two Short Words, Bridging the Gulf Between
COMFORT and POVERTY
Bn. yo. croUet.il non.ll ud yoar (unity -t-init nek in cm.ri.ney,
with • SAVINGS ACCOUNT—the most nimbi. Allot » mu ou ur. for
tbe "RAINY DAT."
We STRONGLY RECOMMEND yoa to .Urt inek u toeoant AT ONCE,
.t ono of oar City Brenche* t
HASTIXOS ul SEYMOUR Bee. I. Hinlion  Uiuic
Cordon ud Abbott H-in ud _5th Aw, _____ ud Lrosdmy
WHERE YOU WILL RECEIVE PROMPT Am) COURTEOUS ATTEKTIOE
Union Bank of Canada
F.8.—If yon are living ln » community sot provided wtth Banking facilities, ad*
dress oa by mall, and we will bo glad to guide yoa In respect to "Banking by Mail." FRIDAY September 14, 1923
fifteenth year. no. 37 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouvbr. b.o.
PAGE THREE
My Expression Plates Give
Permanent Satisfaction
PERFECTLY moulded  and  adjusted,  giving
comfort,  youthful   appearance,  and proper
mastication of food.
Ifade right to start with, they give a lifetime of
satisfactory service.
I now offer these Expression Plates at
JUST ONE-HALF
USUAL DENTAL CHARGES
Lot me give an estimate for this work—you will
be agreeably surprised at the low eost.
Formarly member of tho Faculty of tho College of
Dentistry, University of Southern California; loctiiror
en Crown nnd Bridgework; demonstrator In Plate-
work and Oporatlvo Dontistry, local and goneral nn*
acstlicsla.
Doctor
Brett Anderson
602 Hastings Street West
Corner Seymour Phono Seymour 3331
' Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
AU forms of Dentistry at half usual
dental charges, and
carrying my 15-year
written guarantee,
FILLINGS AND
EXTRACTIONS,
CROWN AND
BRIDGEWORK,
PYORRHEA
TREATMENTS
W. H. CottrelTs Statement
(Continued from page 1)
Vancouver Unions
fcr ANCOUVER  TRADES  AND  LABOR
Conncil —President,  R. H. Neelands,   M.
. A.; general secretary, Percy R, Bengongh.
ffice: 808, 319 Pender St. West. Phone Sey.
£495.     Meets In Labor Hall at 8 p.m. on
|he first and third Tuesdays in month.
Rallied printing trades council—
I MeetB second Monday in tho month. President, J. R. Whito; secretary, R. H.'Noel-
fends. P. 0. Box CC.	
'EDEKATED LABOR PARTY, 14(5 OOR-
dova Street West—Business mooting
very Wednesday evening. A. Maclnnis,
hairman; IS. H. Morrison, sec-trees.; Geo.
>. Harrison, 1182 Parker Stroet, Vancouver,
3. (J., corresponding secretary.
Any district in British Columbia desiring
nformation ro securing speakers or the for-
lation of local brunches, kindly communicate
rlth  Provincial   Socrotary J,  Lyle Telford,
E24 Birks Bldg., Vancouvor, B- 0. Tele-
hone Seymour 1392, or Fairmont 4938
BAKERY SALESMEN,  LOOAL 371—Meets
1   second Thursday every month, 319 Ponder
•Street    West.      President,   J.   Bright-well;
financial secretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth
»ve. Er-
iOURWiSYAlfc-J- BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union of America—Local 120, Van*
onver, B, C, meets second and fourth Tuesdays In each month in Room 313—819 Pen-
or Stroet Wost. President, 0. E. Herrett,
1 Hastings Streot East; secretary, A. B.
ani, 820 Cninble Street. Shop phone, Soy.
702. Residenco phono, Doug. 2171R.
NTERNAT10NAL BROTHERHOOD OF
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
Irs of America, Local 194—Meetings first
nd third Mondays in each month. Presi-
ont, F. Willis; secretary, A. Frasor, Office;
oom 303—819 Pender Stroet West. Office
ours, 9 to 11 a.m. nnd 3 to 5 p.m. 
RICK LAY ERS AND MASONS—Ir you nood
. bricklayers or masons for boiler works,
Jt.'.,   or  marble Bettors,  phone Brieklayera'
BnlOHj Labor Temple.	
INITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners, Local 452—Presidont,
H W, Hatloy; recording socrotary, W. Page;
.nslnesa agent, Wm. Dunn. Office: Room
-319 Ponder Streot West. Meots second
„__ fourth Mondays, 8 p.m., Room 6, 810
•ender Streot West
JIVIC EMPLOYEES UNION—Meets first
nd third Fridays in each month, Ht 14ft Cor*
{ova Stroet West, President, David Cuthlll,
852 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer. Geo,
larrison, 1182 Parkor Street.
m
l-NGINEBRS — INTERNATIONAL     UNION
I   Stoam  and   Operating,   Local  644—Moots
|ivery Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 807 Labor
inplo.   Prosidont, J. Flynn; business agent
ir_i financial secrotary, F. S- Hunt; recording
iecretary, P. Hodges'
MTY FIREFIGHTERS UNION NO. 18—
' President, Nell MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
;acretery, Q, A. Watson, No. S Fireball,
1ENERAL LABORERS UNION—MEETS
every flrst and third Monday in room 312—
119 Pender Street West. President, J. K.
fawthorne; financial secretary, A. Padgham,
ioyco Road Post Office, Vancouver, B. 0.;
eeording secretary, G. Tether, 2249—45th
ltc. East, Vaneonver, B. C. 
IOTEL AND RESTAURANT Employee!
1 Union, Loeal 28—441 Seymour Street.
leets flrst and third Wednesdays at 2:80
,m. Second and fourth * Wednesdays at
j:8Q p.m. Exeoutlve board meets every
lesday at 8 pjn. President, W. A, Colmar *
dslneae agent, A. Graham, Phone Seymonr
881
iUMBER WORKERS INDUSTRIAL UNION
OP CANADA—An Industrial union of aU
orkers in logging and construction campi.
past District and General Headquarters, 61
(irdova Street West, Vancouver, B. C.
,hone Seymour 7856. J. M, Clarke, general
Ipretarytreasur-r; legal advisers, Messrs.
Ird, Maedonald A Co., Vancouver, B. 0.;
iditors, Messrs. Buttar A Chiene, Vancou-
Cr. B. C,  r ;
MACHINISTS LOOAL 182—President, Lee
I George; secretary, J. G. Keefe; business
tent, P. R. Benguugh. Office: 809, 819
ender Street West. Meets In Room 313—
19 Pender Streot West, on first and third
hursdays in month. 
MACHINISTS LOOAL 692—President, Ed.
Dawson; secrotary, R, Hirst; business
■ent, P. R. Bengough. Office; 309—319
sndor Stroet West. Moots lu Room 3—
9 Pendor Street West, on second and 4th
losdays In month. 
USICIANS MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
UNION, Locnl 145, A. F. of M.—Moots at
bose Hall, Homer Street, eecond Sunday,
* 16 a.m. President, Ernest 0. Miller, 991
ilson Stroet; secretary, Edward Jamieson,
1 Nolson Street; financial socrotary, W. E.
_lltams, 9B1 Nelson Streot; organizor, F.
etcher, 991 Nelson Stroet. 
MOTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECORATORS and Paporhangors of Amorica, Local
-, Vancouvor—Moots 2nd and 4th Thurs*
ys at 148 Coiidova Streot West. Phono,
y. 3510. Business Agent, H. D. Collard,
LE DRIVERS, BRIDGE, WHARF AND
■•Dock Builders, Local No. 2404—-Meets at
§2 Hastings Streot West ovory Friday, at 8
  Jas. Thompson, flnanclal secretary.
JAILORS' UNION OF THE PACIFIC,   135
|Oordova St. West, P. 0. Box 571.   Phone
, 8708.    Meetings overy Monday at 7:30
i.„. J. Pearson, business agent. 
BDERATBD SEAFARERS' UNION OF B.
aO,—Meoting nights, first Tuesdny ond 3rd
-jlday of each month ut headqusrtorB, 818
Irdova Street Wost. President, D. Gllles-
.; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary-
L'Bsurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor*
>va Stroot West. Branch ngent's addross:
,. Worrall, 576 Johnson'Street. Viotorla,
[ 0.
ifREET AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY EM*
ployoes, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Moots
, P. Hall, Eighth end Kingsway, 1st and
d Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p-m. Pro-
lent, F. A, Hoover, 2409 Clarko Drivo;
cording socrotary, F. E. Griffin, 447—6th
re. East; treannror', A F. Andrew; flnan-
il secrotary and business agent, W, H. Cot-
ill, 166—17lh Avo. W. Offlco, corner Prior
I Main Stroets.    Phono Fairmont 4504Y
!|URNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
Amorica, Local No, 178—Meotings hold
it Monday in each month, 8 p.tn. Presl*
tit, A. R. Gatonhy; vice-president, Mrs.
Ik; recording socrotary, C, McDonald, P,
Box 508; financial secretary, P, McNelsh,
0. Box 506
IiOIETY. FOR TECHNICAL AID TO Soviet Russia—Vancouver branch meets flrst
d third Sundays each month, 2 p.m., at 61
rdova Street West, For Information write
branch secretary, S. T. A. S, R„ 61 Cor*
va Streot West, Vancouver, B. 0.
IfPOflRAPKIOAL UNION, No. 226—Preaf
Ident, R. P. Pettipiece. vice-president J.
Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R. n. Nee-
Jids, P. 0. Box 86, Moots last Snnday of
Vch month at 2 p.m. In Labor Hall,  319
frnder Street West-	
JSe"VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDER*
J ATION—Meots at 991 NeUon Street, at 11
Im. on the Tuesday preceding the 1st Sun-
lay of the month. President, E. A. Jamln*
991 NeUon St.; SecreUry, 0. H. Wit-
COFFEE
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Direct Action Oast Aside
Wo havo cast aside the weapon of
direct action, and in its place havo
substituted arbitration, believing that
any temporary economic advantage
gained by unconstitutional methods
would not have tho backing of the
people, and therefore would not have
a permanent foundation.—Senator
Hoare (South Australia),
A Union Is What You Make It
Some men imagine that a union
cornea out of the sky, and that It Is
made to order. This Is a fallacy
which only active participation in
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, instead of a
knocker.
At tin; Orpheum
Orpheum patrons are getting a rare
treat this week in an all-comedy bill,
headed by the Four Mortons, ono of
vaudeville's most famous families,
Thoir'act is "Wearing Out the Green,"
and lt ls a golfing travesty, put over
with a dash and vim in the finished
style which has kept the Mortons ln
the front rank of their profession for
many years. Also on the bill ie another Morton prodigy. She is Little
Martha, a member who has left the
parental wing, married Gordon Dooley
and branched out with her new hubby
In an attractive act of their own. The
Yip Yip Yaphankers are ten former
soldiers presenting a nervy number in
musical drills, gymnastic and good
songs and comedy. Glenn and Jenklnu
are blackface comedians par excellence In a railroad skit. George
Lyons ls a harpist who ls always a
favorite with lovers of music. Willie
Rolls Is an Englishman, conceded to
be the best gymnast roller skater in
the business. Attractive motion pic
tures and concert orchestra offerings
complete the splendid bill.
Next week's bill features Bessie
Barriscale, darling of the screen, who
appears personally in a protean playlet. Other headliuers are Flo. Lewis
and Jack Hose each wtlh au outstanding offering. There are also four
other good acts on the bill for next
week.
...   ORPN-IM \ CIRCUIT VAUOlVllkii
NOW PLAYING
Frl. and Sat., Matinee and Night
AX Alli-STAR IW/Ii
of Classy Vaudeville
NEW WEEK'S BILL
Starting Wed. Night, Sept. 19
A WHALE OP A SHOW
BESSIE BARRISCALE
Darling of the Screen
 (IN PERSON)
FOLLY and OZ,
MAPRIOE DIAMOND und 00.
FLO. LEWIS
McgOdP, LENZEN and 00.
JACK HOSE
Attractive Pictures—Concert Ofohgattft
MATINEES:
THURSDAY
FRIDAY
SATURDAY
Box Office
Sey, 852
Percentages of increase from 1919-
1923, motormen and conductors ln
Canadian cities:
Vancouver
Winnipeg   .
Hamilton ..
London 	
Ottawa ....
Montreal ...
Halifax ....
Windsor ...
Brantford
Calgary ....
Regina
-lanif.,  901 Nelson  St ;   Business Agont,   F.
Flotchcr, 991 Ni-lnon St
WORKERS' PARTY OP CANADA—803 _\
Ponder Street Wost, Business meetings
overy 1st and Srd Wednesday evor; month.
M, CarpendaJe, corresponding snerotnry; 0.
Tether, flnanclal secretary; J. Halliday,
brunch organiser.	
PRINCE RUPERT TYPOGRAPHICAL
UNION, No. 413—President, S. D. Maedonald, eecretary-treaeurer, J. M. Campbell,
P. 0. Box 669. Meete lut Thursday of eaeh
montk.
 „.. 14.6%
  19.1%
—  1.9 7%
 ... 37 1%
 ~  '.-.1.1.5%
  297%
   21.0%
   31.6%
._.  46 H %
  86-6%
  43.9%
Fort William  3M.8%
Edmonton     82. %
Saskatoon   60.9%
Surely, Mr. Chairman, the B. C. B.
Railway company have no cause for
complaint. Their wage bill has Increased 14.6 per cent, during this
period, the lowest increase of all these
Canadian cities.
And, in addition,
All the blessings that were recommended by the Dr. Shortt commission
have been their portion:
Suppression of the jitney competition.
Increased speed of the cars;
Introduction of skip-stops;
One-man cars on. the outside lines.
General Meeting
The twenty-second ordinary general meeting of the British Empire TruBt
Company, limited, was held on Monday, July 2, at the A'bercorn rooms,
Liverpool Street hotel, London, England, Mr, J. Davidson, (deputy chairman and managing director) presiding.
The secretary (Mr. H. M. Cox) having read the notice convening the
meeting, and the report of the auditors.
The chairman said: Ladies and Gentlemen—As the report and accounts
have been in your hands for some
time, may we take them as having
been read? (Agreed.) Before going on with the proceedings of ths
meeting, I have to apologize for the
absence of two of the directors—I am
sorry to say, on account of ill-health.
Mr. Blundell Brown writes to me that
his doctor will not allow him. to go
out, but that he hopes to be about
again in ten days. He much regrets
being absent, as this is, I think, the
first time in 20 years that he has not
been at the annual meeting of shareholders. I havo also to apologize for
the absence of your chairman, Mr. R.
M. Horne-Payne, also, I regret to say
on account of ill-health. I want to
take this opportunity of paying a tribute to your chairman, Mr. Horne-
Payne, for the amount of skill and
time whioh he expends in the company's interests.
Mi'. Horno-Pnyiie's Addross
With your kind permission, I
should like to read to you his address.
He says:      .   .   .
The British Columbia Electric Railway
"Having said all there is to say
about our own company, I think you
will expect mo to say something about
some of tho companies with which
we aro connected. Taking flrst of all
the British Columbia Electric Railway
company, I have explained to you at
previous meetings the great difficul
ties which this company had to con
tend with in order to have the fares
which it might collect established on a
basis adequate to offset the greatly
increased operating costs resulting
from higher wages and Increased cost
of materials. Authority to charge a
6-cent fare In the city of Vancouver
was granted to the company, and ex*
tended from time to time for various
periods, but uncertainty as to the future always remained owing to the
absence of any agreement aB to the
basis upon which fares should be revised, if necessary, at the end of the
authorized periods. At our laBt annual meeting, I was able to tell you
that negotiations were in progress
whtch, If satisfactorily concluded,
would remove tho continuous uncertainties to which I have referred
above, and which had such a disturbing effect upon the company's credit.
I am glad to be able to say that the
negotiations wore successful, and that
an agreement of a fair and equitable
character, satisfactory alike to the
city of Vancouvor and tho company,
was concluded, establishing the fare
ln the city of Vancouver at 6 cents,
for a period of three years, from 8th
November, 1922, and provided that,
at the end of that period either party
shall, if a rovision of faros to be
charged be desired, bo entitled to
have the fares revised by mutual
ngreoment, by arbitration. The
machinery, therefore, for settling future fares without disputes Is now provided, the relations betwoen the company and
the authorities In Victoria and Vancouver were nover more cordial, and
the company looks forward with con
fldence to a prolonged period of peace
and prosperity. As the result of tho
above settlement, the company was
able, on 1st January last, to reduce its
charges for domestic lighting from fl
cents to li cents per unit. This is, of
course, a great advantage to the citizens of Vancouver.
"Sinco tho beginning of January,
the company's revenue shows the following satisfactory improvement:
1922 1023        Inc.
.Ternary     $907,942 $928,187 $20,946
February       821,828   881,794   14,966
Mnrch        8J9.G80    H74,fiC;t    24 963
April        818,177    852,992    114,816
May      827,701    85R,065    81.204
I think, Mr. Chairman, by our evidence wc huve most clearly proved
the trend of Increase both in Canada
and the United States, and ns showing the more recent trend, I would
point to tho award in Chicago (see
Exhibit 14), granting an Increase as
from June 1st, 1023, of three conts
por hour and another two cents to
take effect June 1st, 1924, and I
would placo ln ovidence tho following telegram recoived by Mr, Hoover
from  Detroit, Michigan:
Telegram Received
Detroit, Mich.,
August 28th, 1923
F. A. Hoover,
2409 Clark Drive,
Vancouver, B. C.
Telegram received. Wage in
crease tn Detroit seven one half
cents per hour—maximum rate
seventy cents.
One man cars five cents hour additional.
Seventy five cents an hour for all
work in schedules beyond eight
hours.
Eighty centa an hour for all extra
tripper or special work on week
days.
Ninety five cents an hour for
overtime Sundays and holidays
after eight consecutive hours,
W. B. FITZGERALD."
We recognize, Mr. Chairman, that
in making comparisons with regard to
wages, it Is difficult to obtain a true
perspective as so many factors have
to be taken into consideration. In
considering Street Rallwaymen's
work, we submit there is no like class
of labor in Vancouver, but that performing a very necessary and important work in the public service of the
city they can best be classified with
other public service employees, such
as letter carriers, policemen, firemen
and civic employees and for that
reason we have placed before you
their wages and concessions for comparison.
Some Exhibits
Exhibit 12: We show that letter
carriers received a maximum rate of
$1657.00 per year, with concessions
and allownacea considerably greater
than our own.
Exhibit 10: We show that the
wages of police constables are:
1st class   $157.50
2nd class  $151.50
3rd class   $140.50
also showing that their concessions
and allowances aro greatly in excess
of the Street Railwaymen of Vancouver.
In this connection I would note
also that there has been no reduction
in wages during the last few years.
ExlUbit S: We show that the firemen receive wages ranging from $130
to $150 per month, in comparison
with our $120 per month, and with
concessions in the way of freo uniforms, holidays with pay, and pay if
injured in performance of duty, etc.
Exhibit 9: Shows wages equal and
in excess of our own and again with
concessions such as holidays with
pay, Insurance, etc.
I would also point out, Mr. Chairman, that it was suggested to the last
Board that a decrease was being arranged for these public servants, but
that Mr. Murrin's prophecy did not
come truo, although it 'probably carried considerable weight with the
previous Board.
In taking into consideration the
wages of Street Railwaymen in other
cities, we submit that many factors,
such as size and population, etc., of
the various cities have to be taken
into account, that further than to
recognize a general trend of increased wages, it is difficult to make any
reliable comparisons, and, knowing
this, we have submitted to the Board
only such evidence as we considered
relevant to the question, so that the
Board would not be encumbered with
a mass of data that would only obscure the real Issue and the only comparisons we placed before the Board
In this connection were those of
Seattle, the nearest large city to the
south, and Calgary, the nearest eastern city.
Wagea Higher ln Seattle
Exhibit 5: shows that the rates In
Seattle are $155.00 as compared with
$120.00 in Vancouver,, with concessions such as 15 days' holiday with
pay; guarantee to extra men of from
$100.00 per month to $135.00 ln th?
second year. (See exhibit.)
Exhibit 13: Shows that the Motor-
men and Conductors receive 62Hc
per hour compared with 58%c in
Vancouver and these same men were
getting 45c compared with our 51c in
1919. They receive also holidays
with pay and many other concessions.
Turning again to local affairs, you
wll! note recent Increnscs in Exhibit
11; that as recently aa April 1, 1923,
tho Plumbers and Steamfltters received an increase of $1 per day.
'ljlic Typographical award with an
increase in wages from $40.50 to
$45.00 for day work and from $44.00
to $49.50 for night work per woek.
Milk Salesmen und Dairy Employees increases from $6 to $10 per
month. Metnl Trndes, $5 Increased
to $5.80 por day. I'ilc Drivers and
Woodon Bridgemen, $l per day increase.
Working Conditions
With regard to working conditions,
we are simply asking for conditions
that wero previously in our ngreoment, and evory ono of them vital
and necessary.
It is hard to break away from old
traditions, and I believe, Mr. Chairman, that the Street Railway Employees all over tho world have
proved this by bitter experience,
probably more than any other class
of workers, and our struggle for years
for ordinarily recognized fair conditions has boen an uphill fight
against tremendous odds.
It is a fight for recognition of the
Stroot Rnilwny workers as human
beings, and not as machines.
The traditions of the Streot Railway world are many, and our working conditions arc absolutely necessary to conserve our rights an human
beluga against  those  traditions.
Whon I speak of traditions, I mean
the old ideas that because It was
necessary for n .slroot car to be out
on tho road for 16 hours a day that
it was necessary for tbo men oporating those cars to bo on the road the
same numbor of hours.
All the Improvements that have
been brought about in our conditions
have been in the face of the bitterest
opposition of the Street Railway ow
ners and their cry has continually
been that lt Is Impossible to do this
and that in connection with the running of street cars.
In this struggle for better conditions, we flnd the Street Railway
managements across the continent
combined to resist any attempt to
break down the old traditions.
The working conditions that we are
asking to have restored to us are:
Time i and one-half for Motormen
and Conductors on Sunday.
Guarantee of six hours per day for
extra men.
The closed shop to apply to Shop
and Barn men and Track Maintenance men in one month, the same as
to Motormen and Conductors.
Double time for all Shop and Barn
overtime.
To Track Maintenance Men
Time and one-half for first five
hours overtime and doube time
thereafter,
Double time for all overtime on
Sundays and Saturday afternoona.
Ten minuteB pay for Conductors
making relief on the road.
Spreadover payment of 25c for all
spread over 10 hours.
The Company's arguments against
these working conditions are summed
up in the following extract from their
Ex. 08 O Re Spreadover.
The, Company's position in rogard
to spreadover is that it is inherent
in the Street Railway business and is
Inseparable from employment lu a
railway company, and it is therefore
unreasonable to penalize the Company for something which cannot be
avoided.
We say, Mr. Chairman, that the
conditions of Street Railway work are
onerous in many ways, apart even
from the work itself; the conditions
which may be inherent to Street Railway work with regard to spreadover,
etc. should receive adequate compensation.
We ask that If It iB necesaary for a
man to have hiB eight hours work
spread over more than ten hours,
that all extra spreadover should be
paid for at the rate of 25c per hour,
in addition to the usual work pay.
That is, that if a man has to start
work at 0 a.m. and say, for instance,
work until 10 a.m., then start work
again at 2 p.m., and work until 0 p.m.,
he should be paid 50c extra to hin
regular pay.
If he starts at 5 a.m. and completes his day at 4 p.m., he should be
paid 25c extra to his regular pay.
Motormen J. Smith In his evidence
clearly showed the life that it meant
to a married man with a family, and
surely Mr. Chairman, the preeent
spreadover pay of 10c is not sufficient
compensation for such conditions.
Mr. Smith has been eleven years
in the service of the company, and
that is the best run that he could
choose,
Spreadover Runs
These are tho unnatural conditions
that  these spreadover  runs  entail.
A man, to work tho run first quoted, must rise in the morning at about
4:30 or 5 a.m., according to tho distance he lives from the barn; report
at the barn at 6 a.m.; work until
10 a.m., arriving home about 10:45
a.m. His children are gone to school;
he has to have a special meal pro-
pared for him in all probability. He
leaves home again at about 1:15 p.m.
and arrivea home after his day's work
at about 6:45 p.m. The rest of the
family will have had their supper.
This goes on from day to day and,
with the exception of his day off, he
wilt not have one meal with his
family.
You also heard the evidence of
Conductor E. Hicks, who showed that
with the night run that he was working, he did not even see his children
from one week end -to another.
These conditions are only fully
realized by the Street Car man, and
life, because of theso conditions, very
often becomes drab and miserable,
and we say, Mr. Chairman, that theae
conditions as far as possible should
be eliminated, and where that is not
possible the men should bo compen-
SHted.
With regard to the Box Time. Mr.
Chairman, the namo lhat was givon
to this clause is somewhat irrelevant.
What we nre asking for is 10 minutes pay for a conductor for actual
work thut he haa Lo perform in tho
servico of thc Company before he is
ready to take over his car. Mr.
Hoover wont fully into thts work aud
explained all that a conductor had
to do In the way of getting tickets,
chango money, etc., and we say that,
In spite of the attempts of the Company to explain thnt this work doos
not take any appreciable time, we
could disprove this by the evidence
of about 400 conductors.
You will notice that In Exhibit 71)
O, Mr, Murrin slates that the Milk
Drivers havo to post their tickets in
EMPHASIZING OUR UNMATCHED VALUES IN
Women's Coats
and Dresses
Garments of the season's latest mode, fashioned of
fabrics that take their place in the front rank of the
season's most desired novelties, and well finished.
Por style, appearance, nowhere else can you find
value to equal these.
WOMEN'S COATS, $29.50
Made of velour with fur-trimmed collar and lined throughout,
showing the popular side fastening, in sizes
to fit women and misses .
$29.50
WOMEN'S ANDN MISSES' COATS, at $39.50
A collection that offers almost unlimited choice for selection.
Made of good quality velour with fur collar and cuffs, and
attractively embroidered.
Extra value	
$39.50
CANTON CREPE AFTERNOON DRESSES,
  at $25.00
A dress that will add greatly to the completeness of the winter
wardrobe. A wide variety of becoming styles to choose from,
fashioned on long straight lines, and showing pleated panels,
and embroidered. Colors of navy
and black.  Price	
$25.00
TRICOTINE DRESSES for $29.50
Many smart models to choose from. The material is of a very
fine quality trimmed with military braid or embroidery; colors
of brown, navy, putty, rust Ann CA
and grey w__!«/>9!/
Hudson's Bay Company
VANOOUVER, B. 0.
their own time, and this Ib estimated
as taking one hour.
lte   Six   Hour   Guarantee for Extra
Motormen mid Conductors:
Seattle pays ?110 to $136 per
month.
We consider that it is little enough
that we are asking and that wo formerly received for this work. Men
have to have the best of qualifications to be motormen or conductors.
They have to break in for from two
to three weeks without pay and then
report at regular hours through the
day and be ready to go to work for
eight hours or more at any time, and
we ask that ho should be guaranteed
six hours' pay at least each day, that
is, if he works fivo hours, for instance,
he would be paid for six.
These men may have to report at
10 a.m. and stick around until, say,
5 p.m., reporting at different times.
He may then be sent to work for
eight houra and would get eight
houra' pay.
Mr. Dinsmore relates a story of an
extra man who once to avoid being
put to work and atill obtain the fix
houra, climbed out of a rear window,
but when questioned, admitted that
In this or any such case the man
would not get the guarantee.
If a man failed to report regularly
he would not be paid the guarantee.
With regard to Time and One-Half
for Sundays for Motormen and Conductors.
We contend that Sunday should be
a day of rest.. There are enough unusual hours or work all the time in
Street Railway work without compensation, and we say that if it is absolutely necessary for a man to work
on Sunday that he should receive extra compensation for tliis work. It
deprives him of his Sunday at home
with his wife and family, nnd tho
argument thut this Is one of the traditions or Im inherent to Street Ruilway work is simply dodging the facts
and ln so fnr as the men are con-
Dr. J. I. Gorosh
DRUGLLSS   PHYSICIAN
CHIROPRAOTOB
Chronic and nervous diseases treated
by druglcis methods only.
902-03  DOMINION BUILDING
207 Hutinga Stmt Weat
For freo exntni nation, OsU Sey. 4871
corned adequate compensation should
be paid for this in the shape of time
and one-half.
Present Agreement
Keply to Exhibit 31 G in which the
Company attempt to show "the onerous nature of the present agreement:"
Wo submit that tlm presont agreemont is not of an oneroua nature
and that the Company'a atatement Is
misleading and it hus not In any way
been substantiated.
If the first agreement in 1910 only
contained 35 clauses, that would
mostly pertain to motormen and conductors, while In the 1913 agreement
there wero 38 clauses covering this
class of work, ln the present agreement there are only 39 clauses, or
Just one more than in 1913, It ls true
that with the extension of other departments in the service and with
changing conditions, the present
agreement contains many more clauses, but In many cases these new
cluuses ure in the nature of a duplication of the clauses covering similar
conditions in every department, Thoy
do not tend to Inefficiency or retard
(Continued on page i)
INDIGESTION
Relieved In two minutes with
JO-TO
Oas. acid, aour, burning stomach ill quickly
rellavoj with JO-TO.    Drug Stom.
T
A
I
L
O
R
S
- TO PARTICULAR MEN
STORRY & McPHERSON
Upstairs at 653 ORANVILLE STREET
T
A
I
L
O
R
S
This is Fair Week
For 50 Cents You Can Go and Come and Sec the Big Fair at New
Westminster—Don't Miss It.    Also Remember
BEER
Can't Be Beat PAGE FOUR
fifteenth year. No. 87 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver,
' FRIDAY September 14, 198
MEN OUT OF TOWN WILL DO WELL TO LOOK
OVER OUR PRICES.
Our prices are low considering quality.
Yoa will want Cans Grey Pants. O. B. Dayfoot's Boots are mado
They keep you drier than rata- of MUd leather, and each pair
test aud warmer; $6.50 pair. .     .' _    ,
examined by the head ol the
Carss Mackinaw Shirts in **" tnstorn leaving, and each
Plaids, double sleeve back and must oome up to the standard
front, 87.50.         of requirements:
Men's Allwool Sox, SOc pair. 6 in Chrome, plain toe $7.50
-,   ,   . „ . . 8 in Chrome, logger. $11.50
Men's heavy Sox, fancy stripe, '    ** "
allwool, $1,00 pair. 10 In double vamp $13.50
~ '       ~ ~~~ 1» hi Oil Tan $10.50
Hansen Sox, different weights.
         12 in OU Tan $10.50
Stanfield's    Underwear,     from -**-*--—-———--—.^_____-_______
$3.50. Calked, 8 in chrome logger at
  $12.50.
Mon's  Headlight Khaki  Pants        *^——____________________
will outwear any other made, Leckie's   light   logger,   $10.00;
$■-.75. calked, $11.00.
W.B.Brummitt
18 and 20 CORDOVA STEEET WEST VANOOUVER, B.' 0.
W. H. Cotlrell's Statement
(Continued from page 3)
Hand your neighbor thfs copy of
The Federationist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
WILLIAM TELL
CIGARS
UNION-MADE
BEST on the MARKET
Navigation Act
The Labor party of Australia
prides itself on the splendid provisions of the Navigation act. We are
glad that Australia is able to give the
lead to other parts of the world in
regard to the conditions governing
employmen in the mercantile marine.
The Improved conditions beneflt not
only those "who go down to the i
In ships," but affort security to the
passengers.—N. J. O. Makin, member
Australia house of representatives,
[0m
fljflOHM*
RAIL**!5
THREE SAILINGS
EACH WEEK
VMCOIVER
—TO—
PRINCE RUPERT
Monday
Wednetday
Saturday
12.00
Midnight
FOR
POWELL RIVER
Mon., Sat.
OCEAN FALLS
Mon., Wed., Sat
SWANSON BAY
Wed., Sat.
STEWART
Wed.
ANYOX
Mon.
QUEEN
CHARLOTTE ILS.
Wed.., June 6th, 8:00 p.m.
and Fortnightly thereafter.
Tourist and Travel Bureau
627 Oranvillo Street
Senator La Follette is likely to be
the 'preBidental nominee of the farm'
er-labor movement ln the United
Mates If lt is decided to run a candi
date for the presidency ln opposition
to the republican and democratic parties.
After-Eating  Distress
And -II forme of itomich troublo, nek _■
gu, pttni, acid, lour, burning stomtoh are
_U relieved in two mlnutei by taking
JO-TO
Jo-To sold hf aU Druffista.
Best $2.50
GLASSES OH EABTH
COMPLETE WITH
OUB IC-EHTiriO
EXAMDtAlIOVS
Olwiei not preierlbed nnleu sb*
■oluteljr neeemrj.    Eliminations
m_de nr gradoste Eyeilght Spools!*
Uti.    betlefacilon guaranteed..
Wo grind aer awn leases. LoulH
dupUcatod by mall.
Brown Optical
House
Be  nre  nf  ihe   addreu—Above
Woolworth'e Storo, near
Oranvllle.
Suite St, Davie Clumbers,
• It HASTntOS STBEET WEST
Phoae Bay. 1071'
VISIT
"HAPPYLAND"
Hastings park
Leap the Dipi
Merry-Qo* Bound
OldMlU
Briry afternoon tad mnlBg,
AdolU 10c; Children 6c
DANCING
Wednesday! and Saturday!
9 p.m. to 12 p.m.
Fineit pavilion  on  tbs Paelfle
Coait,
Take Haitingi Eait car, No. fl,
or Powell St. oar, No. 12, to tbe
ground*,
Light refreihmente at pavilion.
the economical working of the Company's business.
The 1913 agreement contained 136
clauses or 5 clauses more than the
present agreement.
In regard to Concessions:
Street car passes for employees ls
quite the general practice In Street
Railway work.
Concessions
Cheap electric light—employees
living in the city pay 4 cents per kilowatt for light; a reduction of 1 cent
on the prevailing rate to the public.
If, as Mr. Murrin states, the cost
of power Is 1-Gth of a cent and the
employees pay 4 centa, It would not
appear that the company was conceding anything on light rateB to its employees, but that they are making a
handsome profit rather than making
a concession.
Street Railway employees in New
Westminster pay regular city rates
for light, and they can purchase coke
from the city at $1 per ton cheaper
than from the B. C. Electric Co. Coke
is a commodity comparatively little
used by the employees as is also the
case in reference to gas. These so-
called concessions cannot be said to
apply generally and do not benefit
the great bulk of the employees at
all, and but very little those who do.
The same applies to purchasing electrical appliances. Very few employees can afford such luxuries. But in
any event on every one of these
things that the employees purchase,
the company makes a profit.
These so-called concessions are indeed small when compared with those
that obtain for Street Railway employees in many other places, or even
the concessions enjoyed by many employees doing a similar class of work
in this city.
In Other Occupations
For Instance, the Letter Carriers
in the city (see Ex. 12) receive valuable allowances ln many items of
clothing. For boots alone they receive $14 per annum, also street car
transportation.
They have.a forty-four hour week
(average).
Double time for holiday work.
Sick leave with pay (based on
length of service).
Eighteen days' holiday, exclusive
of statutory holidays or Sundays is
granted with pay annually.
Civic Employees (Ex. 9) receive
from one to two weeks' holiday with
full pay, and ln addition outside employees receive 70% of their wages
for a period of 12 months In the
event of sickness and accident. They
also get Insurance of $1000 for one-
third of regular cost.
Vancouver Firemen's Concessions
(Ex. 8). If injured In* performance
of duty, full pay. Cases of sickness,
one month on full pay and usually
continued on half pay. All uniform,
etc., free. Two weeks' holiday each
year, with full pay.
Police Department (Ex. 10), Constables, 14 days' holiday per year
with pay. $100 per month allowed in
case of sickness, also receive one day
off In seven with pay.
Seattle Street Railway Employees
(Ex. 6) receive 15 days' holiday per
year, with pay.
Calgary Street Rallwaymen receive
two weeks' holiday per year with pay;
sick pay and other concessions that
cost the city of Calgary for the whole
of the year 1922 a sum equivalent to
an additional 9Mjc per hour, bringing
the wages of motor conductors up to
77 cents per hour.
These figures are taken from an exhibit submitted by city commissioners
of Calgary to an arbitration board,
May, 1923.
Street Railway employees ln Edmonton, Saskatoon and Regina also
enjoy concessions similar to Calgary
ln all cases.
On All Systems
Thus It would seem that the B. C.
Electric Co. should hesitate to mention concessions, which on all Street
Railway systems in Western Canada
costs approximately 9-&C per hour,
while with this company concessions
mean profit.
Mr. Murrin has placed before you
a statement showing the number of
men owning their own homes.
We do not dony that a number of
the men own their own homes, but I
know that among those who are presumed to own thein are a considerable number who nre struggling to
pay off thc mortgage; that tn spite
of the fact that they have deprived
themselves and thetr families of many
comforts for years, they flnd them
selves with a burden of debt and a
mortgage still to pay off.
I do not know of a better example
$100.00
fn un ad. Is not worth as much
us a satisfied customer. \\\*
seek to satisfy.
Children's white runnlnqr Shoes,
9 to 10%; (buy, now for ntxt
summer); reg. $1.40; now J5o
Boys* School Boots, 1 to Btf,
at   *2.no
Amherst make red stitch Boots,
for men.     Special $4.0fi
Men's Blue Chambray Shirts 80.;
Men's Police Braces, reinforced
back, at    45c
Men's White Cumbric Handkerchiefs, per dozen     95c
Atlantic Underwear, suit....$1.05
Men's Mulesldn Gloves, pair 35c
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men'8 and Boys' Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
2313 MAIN STREET
(Between 7th and 8th Avennei)
Phone Fairmont 4859
than this Exhibit to Illustrate the necessity for an increase in wages.
I have had a few inquiries made
and many of these men have handed
In statements of the debts that are
still owing on their homes, and I
give you them here for your better
Information.
Mr. Murrin 'points to this exhibit
with pride and says "Look how prosperous our men are." He does not
realize the struggle behind all this.
Mr, Chairman, lt Is not uncommon
for working men to be trying to buy
their own homes. It Is' common to
the workers all over the world. But
how few of them, comparatively
speaking, succeed in their attempt.
How many of them fail time and
time again and die leaving their
family without even a roof to cover
their heads,
Mr. Chairman, we admit the Street
Railwaymen in common with all
workers, crave for a home of their
own (without a mortgage on it), more
perhaps than anything else. Not for
pride or pleasure. Tho Incentive to
enter the struggle to buy a home, to
deprive himself of comforts and even
necessities, to clear It of debt, is his
recognition of the fact that he has
no security and that should anyhlng
in the way of sickness or accident deprive him of tho ability to earn a
wage and provide for his wife and
family, he will at least have a roof
to cover them. This Is his incentive;
it is the expresion of his love for his
family, and it is suggested that because some of these men have succeeded in providing a shelter for
themselves and their families they
are unreasonable in requesting an increase in their wages.
Nature of the' Employment
Mr. Murrin has plased many exhibits before you showing the desirable nature of the employment, and
I say to you, Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen, that the Street Rallwaymen's
life is far from being the bed of
roses pictured to you by these flippant exhibits.
I say that because some few of the
men have autos and have succeeded
in purchasing their own homes aftor
twenty years, or so of service this does
not prove that the nature of the employment is desirable, nor does lt
prove that there Is no necessity for an
increase In wages.
I say that I know the conditions the
men are working under, that many of
them are unavoidably onerous. To
know these conditions, one must work
under them, and I have done that for
many years.
It Is one long steady grind, with
many responsibilities whether on the
front end or the back end of the
street car, or working in the pitt
under the cars.
Driving a street car through the
crowded streets, under all sorts of
conditions, ln the glaring sun or
through the driving sleet or fog, with
many times a treacherous, slippery
rail under you, with the knowledge
that you must keep on your scheduled
time and that on your alertness often
depends the lives of pedestrians or
passengers In other vehicles. I say
that the men who do this work day
after day, year after year, must be
good men, for lt will tax the nerves of
the strongest.
The work of the conductor also
calls for skill, tact and endurance.
It ls often hard for the conductor
to avoid serious trouble and carry out
all the rules of the company, insisting at all times on the proper fare
or transfer. His work requires constant vigilance In order that he may
keep his car on time and yet avoid
serious accident to hts passengers.
In the winter his work is doubly
hard. Mr. Hicks, ln giving evidence,
described the conditions under which
a conductor has to work ln the winter
as a crime. The exposure for eight
houra at a stretch to high winds, snow
and sleet on the back platform of a
street car with fingers frozen endeavoring to make change and handle
tickets ls the lot of the conductor
during the winter, and puts many a
strong man on a sick bed.
I do not wish to stress this, Mr.
Chairman, but I say that to put forward the number of applicants for
the job as tending to show the desirable nature of this work ls ridiculous
and not worthy of the time spent in
gathering such statistics and, much
less, the consideration of the board.
What Is Asked For
We have placed before you, ___•,
Chairman and Gentlemen or the Conciliation Board, our case, and have
sought to justify to you by our exhibits and testimony the necessity for
an Increnso in wages and better working conditions.
We ask for wages that are necessary ln the interests of ourselves and
our families. We say that the present
wages do not give us a standard of
living that Is adequate or fair compensation for the work we perform.
We ask you to consider the alterations ln working conditions as being
reasonable and necessary.
We have, in support of our case,
endeavored to prove to you, gentlemen, that the upward trend of wages
to Street Rallwaymen across the continent, and particularly in the cities
bf Canada, justifies our request; that
considering the percentage of increase In these payrolls in other cities,
certainly by comparison no undue
hardship would be placed on the
Company.
We have pointed out that in all
Previous alterations in wages to members of our Association, the same increase or docrease has been made
general throughout the Company's
employees, that on the last occasion
of a decrease, the Company wore not
convinced of the necessity for this decrease among their other employees
and did not put it Into effect.
I want, finally, Mr. Chairman, to
thank you for the courtesy and consideration you have shown to us, and
with this I leave our caso in your
hands.
Trades and Labor Congress
(Continued from Page 1)
seven days' work a week, and other
conditions objectionable to labor.
Congress demanded that the government enforce the fair wage clause on
this concern in respect of C. N. R.
contracts.
One or two other resolutions objected to alleged unhealthy practice in
certain eastern industries.
SECOND DAY—SEPT. 11
After an all day'B discussion, following resolutions were carried by a vote
of 120 to 53:
Regarding resolutions Nos. 34, 86,
36, 37, 38, 39 and 40:
Your resolution committee has
given careful consideration to the contents of the above enumerated resolutions, and owing to the contradictory
and complex character covering such
a wide field, have deemed It advisable
to divide the same dealing with the
economic and Industrial, an politieal
questions separately, and herewith
submit two resolutions as substitutes
for the entire matter covered in these
resolutions:
Resolution A, .Concerning Economic and Industrial Policy—Whereas,
the preamble and the platform of
principles of the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada clearly set forth
the aims and objects for which the
congress is in existence, and deal with
the various phases of the legislative,
economio and industrial matters that
vitally affect wage earners throughout
the dominion; and whereas, the constitution of the congress was drawn
with the specific object of working in
co-operation with the international
trade unions on the American continent, wherein autonomy in the industrial field Is vested In the said international trade unions and the American Federation of Labor; and whereas, experience has demonstrated that
it is only by a continuance of this
policy and the maintenance of the
present form of international trade
unionism that we can hope to successfully cope with organized capital,and
its ramifications; therefore, be/ it resolved, that the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada, assembled in an-
unal convention in the city of Vancouver, B. C., hereby reiterates its
adhesion to the present form of organization, providing as it does, the
machinery for closer co-ordination of
international craft unions which, in
the opinion of your committee, has
worked so successfully in the past,
and been the means of very materially
improving the wages and working conditions of the workers, not only in
the dominion of Canada, but on the
American  continent.
Concerning Political Action
Resolution B.—Whereas, at the
Victoria convention in 1906, a definite
policy was laid down committing the
congress to a recognition of the necessity for labor political organizations as
a means of securing the amelioration
of Industrial conditions and to promote the passage of laws concerning
the welfare of workers in .the mines,
the factories, the forests, in fact In all
walks of life; and whereas, it has
been made manifestly plain that effective legislation in this regard and
energetic enforcement of such laws
can beBt be obtained by the presence
In parliaments, in the provincial legislatures, and In other elective bodies
of representatives elected from the
ranks of labor for the direct Interest
of labor; and whereas, following the
decision of the Ottawa convention In
1917 the congress took steps to coordinate the different working clasa
political bodies in the various provinces, which action has later resulted ln the creation of a dominion-wide
labor political organization; therefore
be it resolved, that labor political autonomy be left in the hands of the
established labor political parties, and
inasmuch as the platform of principles
of this congress contains the epitome
of the best thought of organized labor
during the whole period of its existence and struggles, that this congress
continue to act as the legislative
mouthpiece for organized labor in
Canada, independent of any political
organization engaged In the effort to
send representatives of the people to
parliament, the provincial legislatures
or other elective bodies of this country.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
NOTES
As the B. C. Federationist goes to
to press this afternoon Frank Hodges,
M.P., fraternal delegato from the
British Trades congress, Is making
his speech to the T. and L. congress
of Canada. It will appear ln the net
Issue.
* «       *
J. W. Brown, general secretary of
the International Federation of TradeB
Unions, arrived in Vancouver on
Tuesday from Amsterdam to attend
the congress, He had a very adventurous and delayed trip. At one
time he tried to speed up by the air*
plane route. He left his baggage
behind, but it will arrive later.
• *        *       *
One of the most attentive and favorably known visitors to the congresB
ls Frank Plant of Ottawa. He is
on old-time ex-delegate and has been
a regular attendant at the conventions
for many years. He is reporting the
proceedings for the Labor Gazette, Is*
sued by the federal government.
* •       *
Dolegates to the congress who are
members of the labor party, held a
meeting in Labor hall on Wednesday
evening called by J. Bruce. About
100 were present.
• *        *
The ollicers and members of the
T. and L. congress, together With
friends, were entertained by the reception committee on a cruise in the
gulf on Wednesday afternoon. It
was an enjoyable affair.
• *       *
Walter N. Reddick, of Washington,
D. C, represents the A. F. of L, at
Gaberdine Coats
Made in England, in a smart Raglan,
belter model; this coat comes lined
throughout, with check lining, and is
great value at—
$15
C. D. BRUCE
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
That Canada was gradually becoming moro and more of an industrial
country, and that Canadians themselves were not truly aware of the
fact, is the opinion expressed by Prof.
R. C. Wallace, of the University of
Manitoba. He stated that during the
past 26 years tho population of Canada had increased 80 per cent., the
railway mileage 120 per cent., while
the industrial life of tho country increased 700 per cent.
You may wish to help The Feder
atlonist. You can do so by renewln
your subscription promptly and send
Ing ln tho subscription of your frleni
or neighbor.
Why Let Georgo Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. He Ib doing the best he
can. Why complain because George
does it.    Why not do lt yourself?
A train nearly a mile long and
drawn by a single locomotive recently
carried 165,000 buBhels of grain over
the Canadian Pacific western lines.
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
Tbe greatest assistance that the
readers of The Federatlonist can render us at this time, is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so yoa
spread tlie news or the working clans
movement and assist us.
the congress. He ls president of the
International Brotherhood of Bookbinders. As a token of appreciation
for his services in the cause of labor,
he was presented by the congress
with a beautiful gold fob, suitably engraved.
•        •        *
The dance and  reception  held  ln
Alexandra hall on Monday night was
a successful affair, a large number of
visitors and delegates being present.
•        •    *
Printers of New Westminster entertained the typo delegates at a luncheon in that city on Wednesday
evening. Delegate R. A, Stoney engineered this enjoyable get-together
affair.
CITY Or VAKCOBVBE
NOTIOE TO OOHTEAOTOES ,
CEMENT OONOEBTE SIDEWALKS
TENDERS will be received by the onder*
1 signed op to Tueiday,' September 18th,
1028, at 2 p.m., for the construction of
cement .concrete aidewilki.
Particular! ud ■peeificfttioni w bt obtained ot the Oity Engineer'! Offlee, City
H»ll.
A deposit of an amount equal to 5 per
eent. of the contract price, by marked cheque,
payable to the Olty Treasurer, must accompany eaeh tender.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily
accepted,
WILLIAM McQUEEN,
City Clerk.
City Hall, Vaneonver, B. O.,
September llth, 1S28.     .
OITY OF VANCOUVER,  B. 0.
Tenders for Boots
THE   undersigned -will receivo tenders n{
to   Wednesday   noon,   the    17th day o
Soptembor, for the supply of approximate!
160 pairs of boots for Police Department.
JAMES STUART,
Purchasing Agent.
CORPORATION OF POINT OBEY
Tenders for Paving
The Council Is prepared to r-jcelve tendon
for paving:
First Avenue from Sasamat Street to Tol
mie Street.
Sperling Btreet from 49th Avenue to fill
Avenne.
Cypress Street from 45 th Avenuo to 47th
Avonuo.
Twenty-first Avenuo from Vpw Street t(
Arbntus Street,
Forty-fourth Avenne from Cypress Htree
to Maple Street.
Forty-second Avenue from Carnarvon St*
to McKensle Street.
Alternative types of paving will be con
sidered In some instance*.
Specifications, forms of tender, condition
of contraot and full Information may be ob
talned on application to the Municipal En
gineer.
A certified cheque to the amount of V
per cent, of tho amount tendered on th
highest priced typo of paving on any stree
must accompany each tender.
Tenders must reach the undersigned by t_
p.m. of Monday, September 17th inst,, am
be endorsed on the outside "Tender for Pav
ing."
Tho lowest or any tender not neoessarih
accepted,
HENRY FLOYD,
0 M. 0.
Municipal Hsll, SBS1 West Boulevard
Vancouver, B. C.
I
CORPORATION OF POINT OREY
Tenders for Street Lighting Syatem
THE COUNCIL Is prepared to receive ten
ders for the installation of an under
ground system of street lighting in the arei
between King Edward Avenue on the north
Thirty-third Avenue on the south, Oak Stree
on the east, and the Vancouver and Luit
Island Railway track on the west, also ba
tween Thirty-third Avenue on the nortli
Thirty-seventh Avenue on the south, Oran
ville Street en the east, and Marguerit-
Street on the west.
The installation shall Include the supply!
ing of alt materials and the laying andl
erecting of same In place, according to plana]
and specifications to be obtained from tha
Municipal Electrician. A fee ol |10 la rel
quired for each set of plans and specifics!
tlons ao obtained, which fee will be returned!
on receipt of a bona fide tender.
Tenders must be submitted on forma <
talned on application to the Municipal El
trielan; tenders on any othor form will 1
rejected.
A deposit by certified cheque, payable
the Corporation, of 5% of the amount te_
dcred ls required with eaeh tender as securj
Ity that the accepted tenderer will enter inw
the contract and provide the required bona
The Couneil doea not bind itself to *t\
cept the lowest or any tender.
Tenders,  endorsed    'Tender    for    Stt
Lighting Installation,'  most roach the
dersigned by fi p.m. of Monday, Septetnb.
17,  1928.
HENRY FLOYD, O.M.G j
Municipal Hall, 6851 West BoulevarJ
Vancouver, B. C.
WHIST  DRIVES
GET YOUR OFFICIAL PROGRESSIVE
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
ONE DOLLAR ($1.00) A HUNDRED, AT
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs. Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees. Seeds, Bulbs, Florists* Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYHEIJ
48 Hastings Street East        2—STOKES—2        655 Granville Street
Sey. 988-672 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 9513- ]
UNION STEAMSHIP COMPANY of B.C. LtdJ
Fourteen Passenger and Freight Steamers at your service.
Calling at all Northern B. O. Ooaat Points, Lumber and Mining Oamps,
Canneries and Pulp and Paper Mills,
PRINCE BUPERT, ANYOX and STEWART
For further particulars apply:
HEAD OFFICES:  UNION DOCK, Ft. OARRALL STREET
Phone Sey. SOS
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, .installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399

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