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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 17, 1922

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Substitutes! g
Platfori 5
Speakers Score lginu.iv
ity of Capital »J_
Nations ""
"Speaker denied entry.   Get ub-
Thls win was received on Sunday last, ant roao by J. 0. Smith,
aa chairman, te the large gathering
In the Royal theatre on Sunday afternoon, assembled to listen to
Hulet M. Wells ot Seattle, Wella
waa to have brought tidings
"straight from tho heart ef Bus
eta," having been a delegato trom
the Seattle Central Labor Council
to the R. T. tr. I. at Moscow. Hla
topic waa to have been "Bolshevism
and the Famine."
Briefly explaining tha situation,
Comrade Smith remarked: "If you
are going to let the powers-that-be
aay who Is going to speak to you,
and what they are going to eay,
that's up to you." He then called
on "our own Wells," ot The Federatlonist, to act as the Ilrst substitute. ,    '   .
Subsequent speakers were Dr. W.
J. Curry and Aid. R. P. Pettipiece.
A sum ot 1161.95 waa contributed
by the audience to- the Russian
relief fund, as their answer to the
authorities. ,' '.
Comrade A, S. Wills remarked
that what had been expected tn tho
case of Geo. Hardy a few weeks
ago, had happened today. Hardy
and Hulet Wells were alike In this,
that they had both been inmates ot
Leavenworth prison.
The authorities evidently thought
that Wells would say something
that would prejudice the working
class as to their attitude towards
Russia; as the speaker declared he
would himself do If he had the
ability. The authorities were afraid
of tho truth.
Ho put It up to the audience
(Continued on pago 4)
WUl Aid in Raisin* Stan.
dard of Agricultural
(By The Federated Press)
New Tork.—About ISO farmers,
from all parts of the United Statea
sod from the wheat fields of Brit-
Ish Columbia—some of whom also
are blacksmiths, carpenters and
mechanics—are sailing on • the
■teamshlp Esthonia for Llbnu,
whence they will proceed to Russia
to receive from, the Russian gov-
, ornment giants of land on wliich
they plan to establish a model
farming community. They are accompanied by a physician and a
The group was gathered and is
helng sent by the Society for Technical Aid fsr Soviet Russia, and Is
taking with It 115,000 worth or
farm machinery. Some are taking
thoir wives. Each ono la paying
his own expenses, and haa sufficient surplus to support himself until they shall have produced a
Robert Wuschke, who came to
America from Russia 11 years ago
haa been a farmer on Long Island
nnd in Connecticut, said:
"Most of us are Russians, and
Ve believe ln the future of Russia.
We are all good farmera, and we
expect to raise the standard of
farming and Instruct others. We
will raise crops, expecting the govornment to take all above our own
needs. We do not get title to the
land, but we expect to be allowed
to retain the land allotted to us as
long oa we faithfully work lt. We
are going to show some of the
peasants what American farming
methods can. produce."
Engineers Buy
Local 844 of the International
Steam ahd Operating Engineers
had a lively organising meeting on
the 14th. The room was packed
with Interested engineers and practically every one took part in the
discussion. This Is a new local,
and would appear to bo making
headway. The local ts holding
meetings every Tuesday evening,
and all engineers are Invited to at.
tend. The meetings ara held at
lit Pender street west.
Relief Official Pleads for
Russian Famine
U. S. Senate Committee
Hears of Horrors in
Volga Region
By Laurence Todd, ,
(Federated Preaa Staff Correspon-
.    dent)
Washington.—Elbert A, John'
son, chairman ot the Amorican
Commltte on Near. Bast Roller,
completed the atory ot the. horrors
of tho Russian famine and of American official neglect of adequate
relief measures when he testified
for three hours on Saturday before
the senate committee on agricult
My Ood, let's stop talking of
■ending them machinery; I'd eat
the seed grain!" cried Senator
Frank Oooding of Idaho, when
Johnson had begun to explain that
the American government ought to
look into the future and see the
need for sending vast quantities of
farm Implements and tractors Into
the stricken area. "The flrst thing
to do Is to get food to those human
beings that are dying now for lack
of food," continued Gooding.
Johnson had described "the only
real smile I saw in Russia—the
ecstatic smile displayed by a starving child while It clung with talon-
like Angers to a can of condensed
cream which.he had given to Its
mother, along with a crust of
"Mothers nurse their babies
from breasts like folds of cloth,"
said Johnson. "They have told me
they' prayed that typhus might
soon take all their children since
they did not want to leave them
to die by starvation, But they
never desert them; they will all
sacrifice themselves to keep the
children alive a little longer."
He described the tireless efforts
of the soviet officials, from Kamenev and Krassin and Lomonosov,
down to the last local commissar,
to relievo the distress. He declared
his ballet that the Moscow government Is Mild as a rock ln tho allegiance of the people, that ttl good
faith In Ita offer to pay all Russian
debts ls absolute; tbat America
should at once begin to ship farm
tng Implements and small tools as
well as tractors to Russia, to be
paid for over a period ot years.
Five hundred million dollars'
worth of these' supplies, he said,
are needed by Russia In order that
she may recover trom seven years
of war and from the Iobb of farm
animals ln the drouth. Meantime,
at least 125,000,000 worth of American food, in' addition to what
can be sent with funds already
available, should be financed and
shipped to the Black Sea ports.
'What are the chief causes of
the famine?." was asked by Senator Norbeck, Oooding, Norris and
(Continued on page I)
Farmers   Join   Striking
Miners with
No doubt the "netts" publishod
In tho capitalistic presa with reapect to the atriko in South Africa,
hu been highly colored for consumption on thla continent, and to
date no official Labor news aa to
juat what la taking place haa been
Press dispatches would indicate
that the minora have been compelled to take extreme measures,
bu the employers havo been" well
able to take care of their interests,
aircraft being largely used to Intimidate the strikers. One report
statea that tho trades hall at Bono-
nl was wombed from an airplane,
and many killed. .
The usual stories ef Moscow's Influence have been spread broadcast
and the strike has, according to the
press, developed into a "revolution,"
Other reports state that artillery
has been used, and that the minera
have been so well armed that they
have compelled the police to dig
themselves In, but the most signlflcant feature of the news Is the reports that the farmers have joined
the strikers and are heavily armed.
(■.■■i|ii|M>">"l">">"t-—t*-f'l"l"l' liH-HH"!
Sunday, March 19th, 1922
Speaker:  J. KAVANAGH
Collections Questions Discussion
Employers Are "Stimulating" Public Opinion
What Are the Workers Doing ?
EMPLOYERS all over the American Continent, including Canada, are marshaling their forces for a general reduction in wages. In many industries wages havo
already been reduced. On the coast the workers in the
building trades are facing wage reductions. The miners
of B. C. and Alberta have already been told that their
. wages are to be materially reduced on April 1st. Tet
the employers are shouting from the housetops that
industry must not be interrupted.
Here is what the official organ of the Manitoba Employers' Association has to gay:
"Tht power of publio opinion ean prevent the ooal
. striko planned to take plaoe in April. The time to stimulate public action to prevent suoh a far-reaching disaster
it now. Let the word be passed everywhero, then shall
bo no interruption in April, 1922, or at any other time of
industrial production, transportation or other utilities,
the continuance of which is essential to public comfort
and peace."
This same journal condemns the United Mine Workers
for having decided to resist the wage cutting operations
of the coal barons of the United States and Canada. Its
pages reek with venom and malice towards the workers
who refuse to return to pre war rates while prices are
Itill above the level of 1914.
If the employers do not want strikes in the spring, they
don't have to have them. But if they keep up their
wage cutting tactics, then they will surely get them. The
workers mnst, however, organize as they have never
organized before. They mnst (tet together as a class and
resist to the full the schemes, of the employers or descend
to. the level of the coolie. While the employing class is
"stimulating" public opinion, and spreading propaganda
favouring a general wage reduction, the workert-art
sitting back idly and doing nothing. It is time that the
wage earners took a tumble; Their enemies are active;
they are planning a "strike" in order to force down
wages. ■
Issue Their Own Scale of
Wages foe Building
Carpenters Refuse to Accept Cut and Increase
Anothsr Instance of oapital and
labor sotting together has boen
ilvon by tho Master Builders Association Ini Vancouver. The members of this organization, thinking
that they have the whip hand, have
decided-to set their own wage scales
for tho different craftsmen who are
ongaged in the building Industry,
and Ignore the union rate of wages,
Carpentera and painters, according to tho new employers 'scale,
are to receive a. cut of BOo per day.
Bricklayers are to bo treated a little
more harshly and get a out of $1
per diem. One of the members of
tho Master Builders organisation
has stated, that they have no quarrel with the union men, but simply
cannot afford to pay the union rates
of pay.
On February 28, the carpentera
met and decided to refuse to ac.
cept tho reduced rate of pay, and
to work for those employers paying
the union rate, namely, $6.60 per
day. Strange to say, all members
of tho employers association who
have Jobs running, are paying the
rate, but on one Job run by a contractor who is not a member of the
association, the United Brotherhood
and Amalgamated section memberB
have been refused the rate, and
were immediately withdrawn from
the Job.
At presont there are moro carpenters working, and more per
mlts being issued for building than
there has been for some time, and
tho carponters would appear to
have stabilized the wages.
A healthy sign ls the number of
new members the carpenters or
ganizations are securing. Tho or.
ganizationa are rapidly Increasing
tho membership, and the men take
tha position that in view of the
high rents charged an lnoreaae
In remuneration for the men
who aro engaged, in the building
Industry is warranted, and that
any attempt to reduce wages
should be resisted, and it is this
view which is the cause ot mon
Joining tho union.
W.  Z.  Foster Explains j Poland    and    Hungary
Trades Union Educational League
Patronise Fed Advertisers.
Cossack Butcher Wants
Aid for Czarist
(By Tho Federated Pross)
New Tork—Semenov, Russian
Cossack butcher, who Is on his way
to the United States from Shanghai on the steamer Empress of
Russia "to study American governmental Institutions at first-hand,"
really Is coming to enlist aid of
czarist sympathizers in America to
finance another campaign of banditry and attempt to set up a dictatorship in Siberia, according to a
special cable dispatch in the New
York Evening Post from Tokio;
Washington Federated Preen
dispatches told of a promise by
Secretary of Labor Davis to investigate war department records of
Semenov's butcheries of American
soldiers and Russian non-combatants In Siberia, with an Intimation
If tho stories of American newspaper men and Individual army
officers are borne out, that he will
ordor (he genernl excluded oa a
dangorous criminal alien.
Chicago.—"The Trado Union'
Educational league program is
quite simple," uld William —
foster, secretary. "It aims at giving the organized workers tho
strongest possible unions and the
most militant fighting spirit. Tto
league la entirely out of harmony
with tho conversation that haa
hitherto characterised the American trado union movemont. Our'
trade unions have striven hard to
be respectable, ln the hope that in
tbls manner thoy would win some
favor or consideration from the'
employing class. Aa a result, tney
have not only spurned * radlei-
ldeas, but hava also failed to adopt
modern structures. But their hope
has boon frustrated. Although
tbey are the most conservative
labor movement In tho world, thoy
have less standing and are more
bitterly fought than the trade
unions In any important country.
"The logic of this situation is
clear. The employing class respects power on the part of the
workers. Tbey don't care a snap
of their finger for the mildness and
diffidence shown by our unions.
The league recognizes this situation frankly. It la for meeting -the
employer with the only thing'that
he understands, power—the utmost power. Thoroforo, tt proposes
to carry on an extensive campaign
throughout the entire trade union
movement to get the many organizations to revamp their antiquated
structures to amalgamate themselves Into modern industrial unions. More than that, tt alms to
teach the workers that their only,
hope is ln the abolition of capitalism.
"The Trade Union Educational
league, different from all militant
union movements in the past, alms
to carry on Its educational wdrk
entirely within the established
trade unions. It is opposed oh
principle to the formaUon of new
organizations, aa these simply
ssrve to sap the vitality of tha old
unions by drawing the liveet element out of them.
"As for the International labor
situation," Foster said, "every labor movoment should be affiliated
with the labor movements of other
countrios. At the present time,
the American labor movement has
no such affiliation. There are two
prospects before us—one, the Amsterdam International of Trade
Unions, ond the othor, tho Red
Trade Union International. Between these two our choice is not
difficult. The Amsterdam International Is controlled by elements
who saved the capitalist system tn
the after-war oriels, whereas tile
Red Trade Union International Is
made up of the real fighting elements ln the International labor
movement. We advocate that the
American labor movement Bhould
affiliate with the latter organization."
Detroit—An international mass
meeting and concert ln memory of
Peter Kropotkln, who died Feb, t,
1921, was addressed by speakers in
Russian, Italian, Jewish and English at Auto Workers Templo here.
Sign Secret
By Frederick Kuh
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Vienna.—A secret treaty has
been concluded. between Poland
and Hungary and signed at Warsaw. It Is of the utmost significance to the whole alignment ot
political forces ln Central Europe.
It ta now established that Poland
has entered a most intimate entente with Hungary. That entente,
created behind Prague's baok ls
directed against the Czecho-Slova-
(tians, aa well aa against tbe Rus-
Man reglm*. Btated compactly the
secret Polish-Hungarian alliance Is
as follows:
1. since Hungary Is not represented at the League of Nations
Poland affirms its readiness to advocate the interests of Hungary in
the league and elsewhere.
Poland pledges Itself not to
participate ln a war against Hungary,
Tho Polish government
agrees to use all means available
(even Including armed force) to
oppose an eventual annexation of
Hungarian territory by Czechoslovakia.
_. Thr Hungarian government
makes a similar promise regarding
annexation of Polish territory
- 5. In caso Poland -hould flnd
Itself engaged ln war against
Russia and should Rumania range
Itself on the side of Poland, Hungary undertakes not to attack Rumania during the Rumania-Polish
derations against Soviet Russia.
6. lln the event of a conflict be-
ween Poland and Czcho-Slovakla,
Hungary will adopt an attitude ot
leneviolent neutrality towarda Fo
and .and exercise what diplomatic
pressure she can on that side.
Gives New Westminster
Audience Facto as to
St. Louis—The St. Louis branch
of the Sacco-Vanzettl defence com.
mittee has been organized as a result of the visit of Elizabeth Cur-
ley Flynn, who spoke here In behalf ot the two condemned Massachusetts labor men.
Chicago —Bertha Hale White,
who has recently Investigated the
cases of the espionage act prisoners from Oklahoma, will attend the
house amnesty hearing in Washing*
ton March ID, as the representative
Of the Socialist Party.
Ban Francisco—-A questlonalre ls
being sent by the Btate Federation
of Labor to all afflliated unions,
asking the opinions of members on
Labor schools and colleges; what
subjects should be covered, what
teaching methods used, and what
criticism can be made of pubic
school teaching from the viewpoint
of ta atttude toward unon Labor.
Every reader ol The Federationist can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as they are due, aad
and by Inducing another worker to
siibBcribe. It doea not take much
effort to do this.   Try It.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
MONDAY—Workers' Party Educational Class.
TUESDAY—Famine Reliof Committee.
WEDNESDAY-Gencrol Workers.
FRIDAY—Women's Auxiliary.
SATURDAY—Dance 8 to 12.
Recites Terrible Tak of
Suffering in Famine
Debarred by the immigration authorities from speaking at the
meeting in Vancouver laat Bunday
afternoon, Hulet M. Wella ot Beattio, arrived by aome -meana unknown, to speak at New Westminster in the evening, and to add his
plea for the famine sufferers of
Soviet Russia-
Mrs. Thomas, In opening tho
meeting, stated the purpose for
which It was held, and pleaded for
the sufferers of the famine area of
Russia, and then called on A. S.
Wells to Bay a few words, so that
the spoaker of the evening could
have a little rest before taking tho
platform, as he waa not ln good
Physical. condition.
When called upon, Hulet M.
Wells, past president of the Seattle
General Labor Counoil, and lately
returned from Russia and the famine area, gave so graphic a picture
of the misery which prevails In thb
Volga regions, that those present
could almost vesuallze the misery
ot the Rus-lan people,
Sombre and Dreadful
Stating that he did not intend to
confine himself altogether to the
scenes in the Volga districts, beoause they were so sombre and
dreadful that the subject was too
terrible to give all the evening to,
he pointed out that the workers of
the American continent were divided and the Labor movement
shattered by dissensions, but the
Russian people were not disillusioned with their ideals, but by
the failure of the workera of the
rest of the world to oome to their
aid, by waiting for the help that
never came, and that the best thing
that the workers on the American
continent oould do, outside of having a revolution of their own, was
to send food to Soviet Russia.
Referring to the new economic
policy of tho Soviet regime, ho snld
that it was not exuetly new, but
only a roturn to the plans outlined
In tho early days of tho revolution,
(Continued on page 3)
Operators Would Reduce
Wages from 35 to
50 Per Cent
Representatives of Men
Reply to Employers'
The miners of District 18, whieh
comprises the coalfields of Eastern British Columbia and Alberta
have rejected all offers of the employers for a new agreement Tha
proposals of the operators amounted in many cases to a out of
te per cent., the following being
good average illustrations of the
cuts propoaed: Bottom man, present acale, 17.08. Operaton, proposed scale, $1.75, or a reduction of
t8.it per day. Machinists who are
receiving I7.H per day are aaked
to accept 14.41 to I5.0». Cuta,
auch as those mentioned, are proposed In all grades for thoae working In tho industry in the district
and the minera representatives
have drawn up a comparison ot
tha wagea offered, with the ratea
now being paid, which - Is being
widely circulated so that all workers and the publlo generally map
know Just what they will be faced
with on April the 1st when the
new acales are'to become operative.
The miners are demanding:
That aix houres shall constitute
a day on all underground work
and all work on three shifts outside of the mine.
That the preaent basic day wage
schedule be maintained.
An increase, of 25 per cent, on
all contraot raining ratea Including
yardage ahd dead won, falling
increase the abolition ot the
contraot system.
That the minimum rate tor abnormal contract mining places be
the average wages ot contract
minera ln that particular mine.
That the Inequalities now existing, also conditions requiring to be
adjusted, be considered in Joint
conference of the Operatora and
Miners with the view of bringing
about an amicable settlement.
That all coal be paid for on a
run of mine baais at the rate ot
lte* lba. per ton.
When emergencies require auoh
service, overtime ahall be paid for
at the rate of time and one halt
with double time for all work done
on Sundays and legal holidays.
That provisions be made ln tho
next agreement providing for a
weekly pay day.
That the next wage scale cover
period of two years beginning
April 1, 1922, and ending March
11, 1*24.
Miners Reply
In reply to the tetter sent to the
Miners officials by the operatora
announcing the proposed cuts the
following letter has been sent to
the employers:
(Continued on Page 8)
Unemployed   Conference
Deals With Many
Provides for Permanent
Committee and Another
With carpentera er shinglers at
work repairing the building, and
tha noise of their hammering sometimes making it quite impossible to
hoar what was being aaid, Vancouver's aecond general conference on
unemployment waa held In tho
First Presbyterian church oa Monday, March lt. It waa an all-day
meet, commencing at ie a.m., and
continuing to ( p.m.
ditions and the very problematical
W. H. Cottrell acted aa chairman,
and Mra. Edith Booth aa secretary,
and whose servioes were recognized
by re-election aa permanent chairman and secretary respectively.
The number of organisations understood to be represented waa 44,
the total of delegatea being Hi.
Among the latest additions were the
University Women's Club, represented by Mrs. W. DeB. Farris, and
the Local -Council of Women, wllttX
tour delegates. The Ministerial
Association preferred to have four
of their members attend In a private capacity, rather than as officially representing the association;
their previous experience with the
"so-called economic council" having tended to confirm them in their
attitude, as explained In- a lettor
read by the secretary. There were
delegates from other women's or-'
ganizations, including the New Era
League, the Women's International
League of Peace and Freedom, and
various women'a auxiliaries to Labor unions, Tho Labor organizations represented were of either O.
B. II. or International affiliation;
and returned men represented the
C, N. U. X- anl the-G. W. V. A.
The B. P. of C, the F. L. P., and
the new Workers' Party were rep-
(Contlnued on page i)
Says It Only Applies to
Agreements Now
(By The Federated Press)
Halifax, Nova Scotia.—When
the miners of District 26, United
Mine Workers of America, covering tho province of Nova Scotia,
applied in Janunry for an injunction
to restrain the British Empire
Steel Corporation putting into effect the M1% per cent, wage cut
without submitting change in the
rate of wage to a board of conciliation under the Dominion industrial disputes Investigation act, tho
Nova Scotia court of appeals refused to grant an Injunction, bo-
cause the court claimed thnt the
act only applied to an "existing"
rate of wages and as the wago
agreement had expired Dec. 31
there was no existing wage scale
and the act did not apply. Miners
are now balloting on an agreement
negotiated by thcir officials with
the corporation.
Where Is the Union Button?
Ordered    Deported    by
Local Immigration
On Monday afternoon, Hulet M.
Wells, of Seattle, who had been billed to speak at a number of meetings on the coast on behalf of the
famine sufferers of Russia, was ar.
rested In Vancouver by the Immigration authorities. Comrades endeavored to have him released on
ball on Tuesday morning, but their
efforts woro without avail.
Wells enme Into Canada wy road,
after having beon refused admission by Ihn Canadian official* In the
United States. He spoko at New
Westminster on Sunday night, but
all other meetings hud to be cancelled.
On Wednesday the Immigration
authorities decided to deport him
back to tho United States, nnd he
was shipped back on Thursday
Tho Friends of Soviet Russia are
naturally Incensod at having their
speaker debarred from speaking,
as his mission was to securo funds
for the famine sufferers, and the
members of that organization realize that the authorities have by
their action, stopped the collection
of a few hundred dollars for the
starvng people of Russia,
♦«.-ti.»i»i|li|liimi->.i>,»< i iiii.tunm-fri i I,,,
Meeting: Called for March
22nd in Pender
On Wednesday afternoon, at a
mass meeting of women, held ln
the First Presbyterian Church, the
flrst stepi to create an organisation
for the protection of the unemployed women were taken.
Mra. J. A. Clark occupied the
chair, and W. U. Cottrell, Mrs.
Thomas and Mrs, Barnard addressed the meeting. Many organisations were represented, and a deal
of interest waa displayed on all
Resolutions calling for the extension of the period for giving relief were passed, and it was decided that another meeting should be .
held, the date set being Wednesday, March 22, In the Pender Hall,
at 2 p.m., corner 0t Howe and Pen- .
der streets. It Is expected that at
this meeting a permanent unemployed women's organisation will
be formed and officers elected.
Dance Saturday.
Don't forget* the dance on Saturday night In the Pender Hall, -
corner of Pender and Howe Streets.
Oood music, a flne floor and evory
accommodation. Admission, gonta
60c, ladies 2Go.
San Francisco—Byron Parker,
present attorney for Thos. Mooney,
haa filed a brief with the state supreme court asking for n reversal
f the denlut of his former writ of '
audita querela In the famous bomb
case. The writ was denied by Judge
Loudorback. Audita querela is a
very old provision of English common law allowing for retrial in:
cases whero Innocence ia later es-
tabllshed, aa it has been with
Mooney and Bluings,
Santa Rosa, Cal.—A building
trades strike, on the 'open ahop" ■
Issue, la probable hero ln the immediate future. The Building
Trades Council has voted to work
on the union scale or not at all, and
the Builders' Exchange is Arm for
wage cut and the "American
plan." A strike vote Is therefore
being taken by the building trades
Concert and Dance
Wednesday, March 29th
Concert WIU Commence at 8 p.m.   Dancing to 12 •tir k.
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t-lttyof_____   Thr IfojH- of the WolM
FRIDAY  Mnrch   17,- 1922
Orgafiization and Education
Are flow Needled
TUB clan nature df the struggles of the
workers a§»il_st their mastnra in matten
industrial, or, as some of our Piiritan, revolutionists would say, in thc commodity struggle,
has been very mttaft ta tile for* during tko fast
week. In Great Britain ttat engineers am
locked out. The employers are determined to
Break the workers organizations, if possible.
The competition between the different capitalist nations is keener thaa ever before and tia
group which can purchase labor power at the
lowest figure, i* the group which will seeure
thc market.
* *      •
The Britiah government, true to the elass
nature of thst aggregation of ruling.elans
jftippets, has declared that the loeked out men
Will not receive the benefits of state unemployment insurance. The men have not struck,
they are leehed eut. They must either accept
*Me terms of their masters or remain idle, and
the government has taken the position, that if
they Will not take what the employing olass
offers then the state is on the side of the employers, and yet we have some people in the
ranks of the workers who have not yet .cognized the Class nature of governments.
■   *     •';.'#'-. „
South Africa provides'another illustration
of the class nature of the industrial Conflict.
That the ruling powers recognise the class
tature of the struggle in that part of the
world, is evidenced by the press, which describes the struggle as an attempt Of the workers to bring about a revolution just as, the
Canadian press and government did in Canada
during the Winnipeg strike, (foe fact remains, however, that in both situations the
Conflicts were brought about by disputes over
wages and hours of labor,
♦ •     *
Actual participation in the present fights
may bring light to the worker! of Great
Britain and South Africa. The workers of
those countries may at last realise the class
nature of governments, and at thc same time
that it is the class ownership of the means of
wealth production which is the cause of their
struggles over wagos, and misery When they
tre unemployed.
• '» "   •
But what of the Canadian workers? Can
Ihey lesm nothing by the struggles of their
fellows in other lands! Can they not realize
that they must show a united front to the employing class? Is it not possible for them to
realize the necessity of building up their Industrial organizations so that they may become
powerful and effective organizations, or will
Ihey only learn by actual conflict. Wage-
slashing is the Vogue these days. Thc lowering of the standard of living of the workers—
tnd that is what wage-slashing means—will
bring industrial strife, and it is too late to or-
ranise When that happens. The time for the
ringing of the workers of Canada together is
Sow. The class struggle is becoming more and
taore open every day, and the better the workers are organized, and the greater the knowledge of the olass nature of industrial war the
workers have, the easier their path will be.
hut only organization combined with knowledge will aid the workers of this country in
the stormy days to Come.
Action Only Will Show Sincerity
FOB years Socialists throughout the world
have, on thc 18th of March, paid their
tribute to tha Communards of Paris, who in
1871, challenged tlieir masters' power and held
all the forces of thc ruling claas at bay, until
the French bourgeoise made the infamous
dicker with the enemy without the gates—the
Prussians—to destroy the working-class government of Paris. But when the Russian
workers, in 1917, successfully challenged their
rulers, a new epoch in thc revolutionary working-class movement was marked. The lessons
pf the Paris Commune are, however, of vital
importance to the workers. They show that the
ruling class was then, as it is now, unfettered
by scruples and would not stop at anything to
maintain its power. France, brought to her
knees by the forces of Bismarck, and ruled by
a class corrupt and rotten to the core, was the
scene of a massacre of the proletariat unequalled at that time in history. Karl Marx,
referring to thc unholy alliance of the French
and Oerman ruling classes against the workers' commune, says:
"That after thc most tremendous war
of modern times, the conquering and the
conquered hosts should fraternize for the
common massacre of the proletariate—this
unparalleled event does indicate, not as
Bismarck thinks, the final repression of a
new society upheaving, but the crumbling
into dust of bourgeois society. Thc highest heroic effort of wliich old society is
still capable is national war; and this is
now proved to be a mere governmental
• humbug, intended to defer the struggle
of the classes, and to be thrown aside as
soon as that class struggle bursts out in
civil war. Class rule is no longer able to
disguise itself in a national uniform; the
national governments are one as against
the proletariate!"
» * *
Thc above commentary, penned by Marx In
the days following the slaughter of the
Parisian workers, with little alteration, could
well be mtde to fit the circumstances and attitude of an international ruling olass against
Soviet Bussia. The same type of unholy alliances were made between conquered 'and
conqueror   Germany aided the Allies against
Russia even before the peace treaty was sign.
ed, and' thc inhuman blockade of the Soviot
republic of Russit shown the same moral outlook, on, the part of?the rulings., elm of. today
as was expressed in the days of thc Paris Commune.
• .ta-    *■    *
Not satisfied with blockading Russia, tlio
ruling power! ofthe World aro today watching- millions' die in Soviet' Russia, because the
workers of that country challenged tho rule
of eapital; Her misery is hailed as an ally.
It is hoped that the terrible conditions, whielv
now prevail will seal thefateof the' working;
elass regime in that country. "Sho pity of ifc;
however, is to be found in the fact that the
workers-of other countries arc apathetic to the
miseries: of the starving workers iu Russia., Socialists fliay celebrate the heroism of 1. arigjiui
workmen in those early days; they may even
cetebratcMlie dty on which the workers of'
Russia took action and overthrew tlieir rulers,
but their sincerity a« revolutionists will not be
proven by thein celebrations. Action counts,
Nid at thc same time a united working olass
demanding the resumption of trade with
Russia and the sending of aid to the. famine
sufferers would be much more appreciated by
the revolutionary workers of the Soviet Republic. It is too late to aid the Communards of
Paris, but it is net toa kite to aid the Russian
workers, and all real itrvolutionlsts will realize
this, and demonstrate their loyalty to the
vanguard of the proletarian forces and the
working-class movement by seeking to unit*
the workers of the wwld, ee that the Russian
workers' republic miy be saved from the
maehirtttiong of the world's international
ruling Class; that accomplished, the workers
may have something to celebrate, —ti untU
that end is achieved, their celebrations tre
All Opportunity for Unity in tke
Building Trades
THE workers engaged in the building in
dustry iii VahcdWcr have been served notice by the employers that their wages are te
be clit. The Carpenters and other craftsmen
have decided to resist any downward tendencies in wages, Bnt deciding to resist the employers' demands must be backed up by
action. Passing resolutions will not accomplish anything, 'but a uniting of the men engaged ia the industry 'may prove most
* *     *   .
There are many different craft organizations
covering the men engaged in the building industry. In a situation, such as has been
created by the united action of the master
builders, united action on the part of the
workers is necessary. While it is not possible
to immediately create any industrial organization, yet the members of the different unions
can and should put up a united front to their
employers, who are not divided by similar lines
of demarcation as exists between the workers.
* «     .1
The bricklayers thc painters, the carpenters
and other craftsmen engaged in the building
industry are of necessity affected by any and
all wage reductions. The cutting of the wages
of the members of one craft organization will
have its effect on the position of other workers in the same industry, therefore they should
set as a unit. All dissensions should be
dropped in order to fight a common enemy
and to resist a lowering of the standard of
living.    .
* *      »
We would suggest that the different factions
get together at once, take steps to provide
against the cutting of wages in any branch of
tho industry and when the employers reduce
the wages of any section of the workers in the
industry, that all men engaged on the job or
by the employer or employers, shall at once
show their unity by taking a common action.
Efforts must also be made to build up the organizations and to make it the business of
every branch of the building industry to see
that none but members of the different organizations work together. The open shop
dream is not confined to the United States, it
is the ideal of all employers the world over.
There is an opportunity for closing up the
ranks in the building trades and it should be
IHy Willy Wuiunaberg),:
••After several governmentk—gh-
''pecially that of"1 Amorica-—have
voted increased grants for the Tarn-
In.-stricken in Bussia .anil atter
Soviet Russia haa, been invited to,
;tlm (lenoa conference, tendencies In
:otir Mattes *r» maklhg, themselvea
l'eit towards bringing, the relief action to an end; IL i-. j.i.siip_ that
the workera will never bo. able,_hy
collections and smnll transports").!
ignod*- to, mitigate decisively the
_ulterlng_ of ihe Russian people
and favorably to influence the economic reconstruction of Rusaia.
"There are only two ways of reconstruction of Russia,"' thoy say.
'Either we causo the social -evolution in our own, countriea and with
our nevly-conouered state powar
provide a continuous support for
Soviet Russia, or (by means of the
united front of the proletariat) <■•
strengthen our pressure upon ua
capitalist governments, ao as to
make them unconditionally recognize Soviet Russia, and, with regard to ker eoonomlo position, cob.
elude favorable economio and financial agreements (long-term credits)
at the Genoa conference.
Thee* conceptions era fundamentally wrong. All Judicious leaders
of lb*. Communis* International
know van. wall tkat in tha »r*s*nt
period an Immediate victory of th*
social revolution la oaa of tk* Important countries (Germany,
France, England, America) cannot
he eapected. Th* same argument*
—no relief campaign but revolutionary action—were, by the way,
already at the beginning ot th* action in autumn lOtl expressed by
the small Communist Labor Party
which, on account ot Ita "purity of
principles" did not ti.ke part In the
relief action. The results of tk*
action up till now, howevor, and lta
political and material effects are
the best proof- of the Incorrectness
of this conception.
In those countriea where th* action was well organized, it was used
Ss a means to counteract the policy
of th* Second and th* Second-and-
a-Half Internationals of isolating
the Communist Party from the
broad masses of proletariat, and lo
bring Communist Influence to boar
upon non-Communist worker*., IB
Switzerland, where the party numbers but itt or seven thousand
members, more than 150,000 francs
were collected, y Large massey. of
non-Communist workers have evidently contributed tp thl* aum, and
thus for th* Ilrst time got. filo
touch with the Communist Pirty.
On a still larger scale, thla has been
the case In England, Holland and
the United States. '
To a certain extent the. relief ac.
tion bf the Communist international haa contributed In making numerous trade uniona, In all countries,
tourgeois-paclflst oircles and even
governments alter their attitude towards Soviet Russia. Thus th* relief action has had  its ahare in
Our readers' attention is called to the new
campaign of the Friends of Soviet Bussia,
whose appeal for the Boll Call appears in this
Sir Henry Wilson, British M. P. and soldier,
has called the attention of the House of Commons to the fact that a reduction in lhe armed
forces would be dangerous. Did someone ask
why the British government took part in the
"disarmament" conference)
Those who imagined that the capitalist nations ever had any intention of disarming may
now, after the value of aircraft to the ruling
clsss in a strike has been so ably demonstrated
in South Afrioa, have reason to revise, their
opinions. At least they should have if they
are wqrkcrs.
Bamsay Macdonald has curious views of
the working-class position. He docs not believe in "the class war." Possibly he may see
that there is some fighting going on in the old
land now that the employers have shown their
hand so openly. But we suppose thst a struggle between employers backed by the state
against the unarmed workers is not class warfare, it is just evolution. At ler__t that will no
doubt be the view of Mr. Macdonald—we nearly called him comrade, but Mr, fits him better.
Wc note that Oeneral Semenov, Bussian
Cossack, butcher and general brute; slayer of
men, women and children, and upholder of the
old Czarist regime in Bussia, has been allowed
to enter our fair country and take up his abode
ut the Hotel Vancouver, where the nico people
generally stay when on the coast. When wc
think that Hulot M. Wells, who entered Canada on a mission of mercy, seeking aid for the
famine-stricken people of Bussia; seeking
succor for the children who arc dying by
thousands because of thc lack of thc necessities
of life in a country which Semenov helped to
devastate, was denied admission, we can only
wonder that the workers still worship at the
shrine of thoir masters the profit s:
;;., ■ , ■„, , i n, ,n , , i.e.. i , ,", ,|, i ii,,, ii ij, , ,m . ■,!.._ i i i em , i.eij
Genoa and the Proletarian
'treating the- atmosphere without
,wl»i':li conferences dealing, with
«pnimpnicaUfln« and. .ommer.ce
With Soviet Rusaia would not have
been possible.
Still moro eyident are the material results. Until thc end of February not; les*. than'
10,000 (na of Good*
will havo been sent to Rusaia. collected by tbe relief action, of the
Communist. International,. Including,
8O00 tons ofr foodstuffs with whicli
several hundred thousand people
will ue nourished for months. This
is not much, but at least something.
Tho mor* the International conditions. In Russia Improve, tho stronger Soviet Russia wlU be at th*
Genoa conference, the mor* energetic will be tta attitude towarda
the bourgeoia government*. It la
evident that th* relief action cannot be carrM on eternally, but
only as low as real need an* auf.
ferine In Soviet Russia provtd* th*
payohological conditions ie* *uc-
cessful work. Today tbls U sUll
more the case than In tha summer,
1921, All news trom Russia report ,men,
increased famine, misery and peo,
pie portables ky, the thousands In
the famine-stricken districts. The
bourgeois governments' promises of
relief hav* In pust cues r*m».lned
merely beautiful promises. Some
bourgeois relief organisations In
Rus*la, receive non money tren*
the Soviet government for th* upkeep of their apparatus, (hundreds
of offlciart, *tc), than th* good*
which (hey ar* bringing to Russia
are worth.
G*noa lt coming and its results
depend to a large extent upon the
economic position ot Russia at that
time. In ahort, all objective reason* for th* continuation ot tke reUef action, and even for ita intensification, are present.
But It I* necessary to enlarge ear
objects. Today our activities must
not be limited to the mitigation of
the famine. We must proceed to
assist Sovl-t Russia in it* oconomic
reconstruction. We must send to
Russia th* necessary tools, machines and reaerve machine parts.
Various parties, trade Unions and
co-operatlvea must undertake to
administrate som* Russian facto.
rles. In some cases-this ha* been
accomplished already by th* foreign relief eommittu, Thia way
W*(| mors) quickly and surely show
Ita.practical results than th* workers loan proposed some months
ago.. But like the latter, lt has the
advantage of combining practical
assistance with International Com-
munlst education and co-operation.
No. tho end of the relief action
for'SovIet Russia-has not y*t oome.
There remains the necessity of Its
Intensification by political and parliamentary campaigns In ail Western countries and of Ita extension
by measures for co-operation in th*
economio reconstruction of Soviet
The Suffering of the
Masses in Sweden
(By Smohlan, Stockholm) '
"Since the end of 1920, Sweden
has boen tn the throe* ot a great
unemployment crisis which lias
rapidly assumed larger proportions
in tlie last few months. The number of unemployed has increased,
acoording to the government's own
estimate, from 80,000 last summer,
to 160,000. For many months teng
of thousands have been entirely
without occupation. The hours of
othor workers have been considerably reduced. The most tbat ia
done for these men is to grant them
compensation, which never amounts
to more than one-fourth of the prevailing wages, Last summer the
government undertook relief public! works to help meet the critical
situation, but the wages paid wer*
so low, tlujt many workers preferred to forego this "help." It turned out that woodsmen earned so
little that they had a deficit at the
end of the week. They remained in
debt for part of the food which the
authorities had provided for them,'
In many cities large numbers of
skilled workers were aent Into th*
mountains to break stones, the machines which had done thia work
previously remaining idle. The
bourgeoisie based Its course of action on the claim that the moral*
of tho workers would suffer If they
hud to remain too long without occupation. If anyone rofused the
work offered him, he lost his right
to compensation. The unions railed
completely to do anything ngainst
this; on the contrary, their leaders
together with the whole Social Democratic press, assumed the view.
of the government and tho capitalists, that the work must bo.carried on as cheaply as possible. Th*
heads of the Trade Union Federation even ridiculed the needy, calling their demand for a unltcfl
course of action for the proletariat
"Communist machinations." Thoy
refused, however, to do anything
themselves. /
But the working Class lesson was
atlll not thorough enough. In tha
parliament elections of last fall, th*
overwhelming majority of work*
er* voted for the Sooial Deraooratu
who won 17 new seats, and, as th*
Strongest parti' wero called upon to
take over the government. The energetic campaign offered many favorable opportunities for a psychological study of the masses. The
meetings of th* Communists were
in general vory well attended; th*
Bpeechei were enthusiastically recoived, even by audiences of Social
Democratic orientation. Thousand*
of workers declared they agreed
with the conclusions of th* "Inolt-
era," but would vote for the Social
Democrats for the present, and wait
to seo if the Communists advanced.
In the meantime, they saw their deliverance from wnnt In a Socinl Democratic victory, and the parliamentary action that would follow
it. They seldom were carried away
by spcakors at tho Socialist or the
bourgeois meetings. But because
they Jtnew that a Communist vlo-
tory was Impossible, they gave their
votes for the Social Democracy—
less from conviction than from ego-
Ism. Now that the Socialist government Is a fact,. the disappoint-:
ment of the workers will lncreaae
as the reforms they expected fail to
materialize. The number of unemployed haa doubled; misery Is Increasing; the capitalists ar* taking
the offensive, and, with th* threat
of closing down the factories, have
already forced considerable wage
reductions. During 1920 wages in
many industries were reduced 20
per cent, and now the capitalists
ore demanding a further reduction
of from 23 to TO per cont If they
should acompllsh their end, then
In the metal industry for example,
the workers will be in a worse position than before the war. In the
gloss industry the employers nre
offering wages that are 28 per cent,
lower than those before the war,
though the cost of necessities ls lie
per cent, higher than In 111*. Besides, rent is so high, that a streetcar worker In Stockholm, fpr example, must give up half of his entire earning to cover it.
The Social Democrats have again
shown themselves to be the most
dependable administrators that
capitalism haa at its command.
Just the fact that they are at the
hoad of the oountry at thla critical
time makes th* workers, atlll blind
to the real causes of their condition, patient In their sufferings, and
dullens their discontent The government proposes to commence relief work that will supply 20,000
unemployed with occupation; for
70,000 it plans a temporary unemployment compensation. Fifty to
•Ixty thousand remain entirely unprovided for; so thnt, as a Communist paper writes, "It seems as if
the Social Democratic ministers
lack oven the honorable desire to
break a lance with ths bourgeoisie
for the sake of thc needy. No one
underestimates the difficulties to be
overcome, but as long as there are
people living in luxury, there Is-al.
jpuys the possibility ot obtaining
bread for the starving.
Tlfe Communists hnve only to use
the. situation skilfully, to ahow to
ever-increasing numbers Just when
tho tru* representatives* of the
working class are.
Ottawa.—The Manitoba Association of Unemployed, composed of
»U, working-class organisations
With the object of amalgamating
various unemployed organlutlon*
In tjie city, haa been formed"
Winnipeg, at the instance of
labor group in tha Manitoba *
Tlie flrst act of the association
was to pass a resolution condemning the present capitalistic syatem
apd to ask the government to.
vide work at union wages for
unomployed. The resolution
asked the government to suspend
payment of Interest on war bonds
until unemployment payments'
have been tally met ky the authorities.
i legl*.
r the
Ottawa.—The Ottawa Citizen:
has thrown ita columns open for a
discussion of thc question of
whether wages In Canada should
bo measured on the basis of cost of
living or standard of living, and.-in-
vltes housewives ln varloua walks,
of life, and others, to submit bud-,
gets and other Information to provide a basis.for comparison.
Buy at a anion ston.
By Evelyn Sharp
(Federated Press Staff Writor)
LONDON.—Ind-__rl«l new*- te.
sparse this week, yet what
there is seems to suggest a
growing, consciousness, ap the part
of labor that its back lato the wall
—.that lt must put up a flight now
or nevor.
The Northumberland Miners'
council has passed the following
"That, realising that resolutions
against wage roductlpns are o_ no
avail, wa urge the'committee of
the Miners; federation of "Wear
Britain, to convene a national conferenco to. consider the position
arising ouj of the present national
wages agreement, with a view to.
taking concerted action with all
trade unions in the country to resist this inhuman attack on the
workora' standard, of life."
A similar resolution wna adopted
ths following day by the No. 2
branoh, of. tha National. Uni** ot
Railwaymen—th* railway shopmen—who compos* one of th*
strongest ot the N. U. R, branches.
Th«f . ..res. thelf roedin-se to
support the ship-builders and en-
gin**™ tn their fight against wag*
cut. "manning that tt will not b«
lonij before we, nt railway shop-
will be ih th* same position";
thejr further call upon the executive of tk* N. It, B. to get Into
touch with the d*»«a| pounoll of
tha Trad* Union Congrejm with a
view to united Industrial action,
Md conclude:
"Wear* a|r«*d tm ^ might
a* wall starve Bghting torn decent
(tandard of lit* __> starve •*«*»»■
for a mere pittance that will not
permit many of us to keep buoy
and soul together."
Another Important lection of
th* worktn—tha dockers—display
a similar spirit. At.h delegate conference where som* 200 delegate*
were present, a further reduction
In wage*, proposed by the employer*, waa discussed, "Then wu a
unanimous rejection of the propo*-
alft" run* the Dally Horald nport,
"a* there appeared to-be no evidence of stability or Inallty ln th*
«mpIoy*r*' demand."
Commenting editorially on thta
general tendency to turn and fight,
the DaHjr Hwa_. rem»rk«:
"Intoxicated by success th* employing class** ln collusion with
the government, continue to prosecute their attack ev«n beyond th*
point at which it la humanly possible for the workera to endure It
This i« provoking reaction—rests-
tano*. It must oome. If has been
long delayed because the "slump"
of whloh the employera take advantage has depleted thb worker**
funds and made them feel that
they ara in a'bad Position tor fighting. But the employers may pro-
sum* too far oa their Imaglnad
"Wa do not pretend that th*
workers position for a light is what
w* or they would ohoose. Th*
point ta that thoy are being
driven to desperation and disparate men will light on any ground—
and will win on ground whloh doea
not look very promising."
Ot good omen to the success ot
the slaughterers, whose strike waa
reported ln a previous letter. Tk*
mon gained recognition of their
union, and, although they accepted
a wage reduction It was one of 10
percent only, Instead of tho 25 per
cent, originally demanded.
Tramway men are displaying a
militant spirit in defense ot their
national agreement arrived at In
March, 1919, and two local strikes
are In progress against breaches of
that agreement on the part of th*
Hulet M. Wells
Pleads for Russia
(Continued from nag* 1)
which were upset by the counterrevolutionary war* waged against
the workers, republic. He stated
that he had never seen such self-
sacrifice and heroism, and that the
struggle - of Soviet Russia was
greater than ever seen in tho
world's history.
In vivid language, he described
the havoc wrought by the counterrevolutionary forces; how bridges
were destroyed by Kolchak, Tuden-
itioh and Denikin, and pointed out
that these forces left Russia nothing but a pile of junk to carry on
Economic Conditions
Referring to the economic conditions before the famine, the
speaker pointed out that even in
those days, the people were hungry,
but ho asked what was It that onus,
ed Oermany to break down, and
why wero her soldiers defeated,
and he pointed out that it wa* because her economic resources were
depleted, and that ao lt was wtth
Russia. Her war efforts had exhausted her. Her conditions were,
howover, worso than Germany's,
and because of that fact along wtth
the destruction of her means of
production by the counter-revolutionists, she was In a desperate oondltlon even before the famine,
Referring to the Communists, he
pointed out how the most difficult
and hazardous tasks wero undertaken by the members of the Communist Party. How they faced
certain death at Kronstadt because
they knew that tho fortress must
b* taken at alt cost*, because of Its
atratcglo position. H* illustrated
how they gave up their holidays
and worked without pay so that the
people might be aided as much as
possible, and th* Soviet cause
Referring to Premier Lenin, th*
speakor stated that he was on* ot
the most unobstrusive men, and he
Illustrated the character oj| the
man by reciting an Incident which
he had witnessed. He aald, I saw
Lenin enter the hall when on* of
tho congresses was held; the audience applauded. Lenln, however,
took no notice of it, but took hi*
seat and his attitude showed plainly that he was not seeking the plaudits ot the crowd, but that those
present should bend tbelr effort* to
the solving of th* problems which
facod the country.
Before making hlcappeal tor th*
collection, the speaker drew terrible and reallstlo word pictures of
th*' horrors of tho famine area; of
starving children with sunken eyes,
and legs like pip* stems; whole
squares filled, with humanity, men,
women and children, huddled together at night waiting fir either
Furniture Stor*;
Wa want you to come W.
this store with confidence
that yoji can buy Furniture, Carpets and Linoleum at lower price*, and
better tern)*.
Do Grater Opportunity
for, the   Working   Mea
■*¥mm -w,
.mj|i!±_n._ .m.1 ■i!._.i.in-mjj..ju.iii..aj,u
We nuJn Lsdiet' Qwneitt
iiiuit     i^w    T^,w
wt^mH u^,_ 4M   ■ wsr*tm
--Hie equal In styl* aad *o_ert-
bom ei any ofered la Oaua*.
W* Itte thua guamts k
«Mw__n _K»M w« am
nh_isi_> *n th* -U-A!_s»B'«
oiw* ft m ea,
%m gatniea h, »«*_ dm-m.
food or duth; of the sight h* saw
when h* earn* aero** a man not
living and not y*t dead, Juat a
spark of lit* ltft and no help.
The speaker conoluded by elating th*t hs brought th* or'** of
the children ot Russia to tha work,
ers of th* American continent, and
pleaded for help and assistance for
thoa* people who wer* facing death
while than waa food In abundano*
which oould be sent If the capitalistic governments would hetd th*
cry for assistance.
After a collection of |7MI i
taken, queations wen uked. aad
whil* evidently tired, th* speaker
answered them in detail.
Patronise  Tea AdTtrttsw*.
International Loeal 844 ii
holding ita meeting, oa
Tuesday erery week at 8
pjn., 819 Fender St. W.
Dr.W. J. Cunry
-     DIHSTIW :
Cigar Store
a» OAHRM.L vraw
_ia (UU-KVIU-B -bar. HM
ii-u_u...-_u,kj .,ijiuii1 -,um_ maw
- ••m*m*vowKKsr
O. J* Mengel
Writ** «B ctaase* o| __gw-
Mice. Bipr*Hnt|nc ante first-
class Board cowpanlea. tt ta-
mrance |* wanted, writ* <M
Mono Sey. MM.
0__c* addieo, Til Board ot
Tr«d« Bid*. v«ocwn«f, ac,
Tlie Psychology
of Marxian
(By Hi Rahim)
A work that all *tudut*
ahould read. Can b* obtained
from th*
B. 0. Federationlit, ltd.
Price SOo Per Copy, Pon Paid
111! "	
Sudsy ""If*. H aa. sad TJ* pa.
Baata,   eeeeel   Uuarilalely   MtowSf
_!m7i__! "s'"_r__ "«_'•*** J****-"'>'
au aaa tat pa.
isuly   taUnlia
rata, UMIanld
mdtaf *•*■£
I Downie  |
J Sanitarium I
Ltd.     I
I _______        |
BAmrsAono pht__o__j_
Oor. Raitlaii sad Hlckudi
Taenu:    ley. (03; Bit*. UIU
We bare the best equipped |
sanitarium and the only ono
of lta _____ weat of New York
Olty.   If yon want ttu beat
scientific aervice see ns.
We hare grown ky I
| merit and progressed |
through results.    ■
In that dark hour when sympathy and beat servlc* count ae
muoh—call up
Phone Fairmont H
Prompt Ambulance Sonic*
"A Good Place to Bat"
Bolatloni of telephone problems SM
nearly slwsn made in advene* at
aeOMiity. Improvements ar* experimented witk comuntlr io tbat Ui
-l.nditd if terries miy be at all
thus tbt vtry but. It It sol tta.
a atindard may be malnlaieti bal
that tbe standard may coatioaa tt he
at fllott to perfection tl it it bnmaaty
pouible to ban it. PnUaau M
weed, teeirur •** trtnimlllloa pn
alwaya before telephone earlaitn,
and tbe gntt tad precln miebaaiia
Ihroifb -wblch the volumi ead ttaft.
pleiity of telephone trill it baaaM
are meclianteally perfect la thl BfW
of preient invention.
MitisH coLtnnzA telefhohb
be sdiob you cnn
aid Non-alcoholic wine* ot *ll
Yon may with to help ltw Federationlit. Yon can do to by renewing yonr subscription promptly aad
sending ln the subscription ot yon*
Wend or neighbor.       	
"A remirki-Ii botk by a remarkable »«»_», freethinker.
Analyied aid Contracted from tbl Hanlaa
Recommendation!: Baalah the Sodt from tt*
Skill bad Otpttiliifi from thi Earth aa*
•uki thi World lift for InduMtl Cost.
mnniern. PnUlibld, Oetober, IH*.
Binaty-Flftk Thoacand now ready. Pp. IM.
Cloth Edition, »* Imie, $1.00. IM* whole edition ot a,oee
copies 1* a Christmas gift to the snttorer. by famine lo Russia.
Every copy sold mean, a whole dollar to tbem and much education to the buyer. t
» **V.^t-ta_\T-^.^-T.hni^' * '*" "" ■*
aaa a. o. ixdiiuiio-iiii, _,»., mi ruder it. w., vtKia-tr, a.a
Wry "-jUreA* * "'•■■'"'■■' *** _»•*•• *t*»«"l turn la all alt- jP4iNua»
Your Fortune
h t-sAn, no. u   mE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancoovub.
 i.u i     .... *.''"'..•'' ■'■'(■* '■■     V1""'' ■   '   'r     '"l   ""• '       '      ••   ;-
'I.i. Il' i*"*.     mim^mmt ■__—- n-*r*,.en   i   — "IF   J.I. ' ^T^-***-*******—.--    _  .:   -J   .     ."w.~ •- -- ■ : ^    ". ■_'       '. '   - .* ---m*--^.     ■*-.£* .. . —       ~ i .... _-r._2   ;
_ _    your    *e*r".-'
Hnd. H*r-^ Ittofk-
•l KB'tiee* "i
o«e»  abwWtely
I twjy with (*"■•
Ray Serrlca ellm*
igaeaa wort.
■"Haay   *Wa..
• 'year    wriflten
niee     <
1 work.'
> Sey. 3001 for
1. allure or fortune often reHta in the mouth
—lit "the "tooth. Oood teeth, perfect d|_e_-
Uoijt. and, (he con_e(|_._nt health and bffunil.-
ing -Hrtf'ts lutve meau( more than' onei fortune;, "'—_' who know What brilliant pros-
poets and possibilities have been . il'lned *e-
cijtutg of hnpslreu) appeatttflce. malodorous
"bfcat-i and a»b^jji«i^ flifcwltfcresuttluB
from neglected teeth and1 unclean ipoutli.
Don't court failure by neglecting your teeth.
SS Rjflfif the palontlalltles of {oryjlie (j jr*pr
- .a»Mth. gog't torgjjf .tliit ftrength . tyl
vigor depend largely' iflion goail teeth* . '
Jjjt me itx-you* month'With   my   ES-
pltKS.lOJi- V____t1Ii •-'■
jyumlfr Wowr§ £
ou .vNimpQiii. WPK
Convention C*M
A'mass, convention of the Cran-
hroibk '"jlruneb/ of the Lumber
WoHera' Industrial Union of Cin-
adifwltl lie'hatd" in the LUn(l»er
Workora' Hall, eruribtfiblc, B. C
on April 15th, 1?__.' The conven-
tl'dn ia called for the purpose of
clouting tho various Kjgiich otttc-
era, and a representative on the
(•eno^'jjjjgcji^-a Bftf'i.d; ana" a.Stf
tp transact'suo!) other liualiiess 08
may came before the convention.
Signed'.in' 'behalf'of the Genornl
Executive Board.
' J. L. PF,T.BI»SQN'.
_ Hastingi St. W. Owner Seymour
| r)  Coll-to of Senffilry; Ualf cHl*y*0f'?_ntll__ California, LeoturM
1 on Crown and Bridgework, Dot. onitriitor la Flatew*_rk and Optra-
Mm Beaiiilry. local and Hennral Aa*e»HwuU.
jTmniivw Union*
—\ **___» *W*H '^
SSS_i_,"aiSS_t n-
ft SI •)., at O p.u.   Jai. rarnham,
I V.—Preeideat.
Idar' lietA mS in pSider Hall
of Fosdot  aad  Howo    Slnota.
' am IH.
Cordovs 81.   ... 	
I  MM**,   I  pm.    Beerelait-
, T. Km; tatlsHt !(*«-t, S.
' "'SAPA—An    Indnt-
worker*   ia   let-
. -I O. Pbone Be,
evn-.-l eecretary.
rtri legtl advliera,   lleure.   Bin),
,-ntH A Ot, Tnoo-ver. B. Cj mdl-
iMMin. Balttl A Chiene, Vancoa
. a
Wo mm™
Q.—rert.erly. ftrimen
 _  -— csion or
C.—Pormerly nr&men anil Ollera'
*l er Britlah Columbia—Mooting
„ Int and third Wednesday of eaih
- at 101 Main Street., Fraidint,
illlama; vlee-precident, R. Morgan;
try'tretiarer, W. Donaldson. Ad*
, 101 Main Street, Vancouvor, B, 0.
Iirla Branek Agent'i addroec, W.
, 11*7 Johmoa jj,, Victoria, B. C,
jori ud Paperaingert   of  America,
_l   111,  Vtacoev-r— Meete  Snd and
|Tb-r>dtrKU Ml Cordova St. W.
he Bey. Iih  Buiineu agent, B. A.
LBrldimn, Derrlckmen tnd Biggin
mconver tad vUlnltr. Meoti iven
ay. I u, la 0. B. o. Hill, 10*
r tit, a.   iWf'Mt,  W. *«ekiri
olal iientary aad bualneil tgint, 0.
bob.   Wtoai Swyear 111.
and Send Help,
PH@i_i'l (JBOIUil'l BlUNCIf
Strike at Uctetlmrs Tie tanip.
This st-llite.arose out of the aun-
Itary conditions prevailing In ill
n,^ove cgmfl, Tbo .wprltere. requested, thc manager to. improve
the aiijiUt'^rv cqi(dittMil« of tht;
cump, but were liu'onm-d that if
they were not natialietl they could
"hit the trail." A letter was sent
by the meri to the Health Department in Victoria reqiicating tliat
.the cqftiMKona in c_mp. be ln,Y(Wtl-
gated, and a. Prpvinclul constable
was sent (rom Princo George to
' against, and the. men thereppon''
proceeded tp Princo'Qeorge wh'eyti
arrangements were made" for conducting tho. strike.
'I'^ie men are maintaining-a. good.
iiioralo, and' are conducting all
tlicli iiuaincSB through their strife*
cuiTimit|ee,"K Indeed so. well; ia*. th|.
st. ike conducted that the stfi!(era
arc bavins: the aupport of everybody Ig* town.' ""'
Latest reports to hand Indicate
that" th* autboriiles haye i_jtl.in-
at'el to the comd|n^ ,__U-'****
tb: • ——i:<*?ffiwl\h the men's
ile,-;...nda or c|ob_ dqivn the camp,
Th; men are ntfil Holding orft
A, vclivstaicnient'of Fellow Wora-
er Jackao^, aiid when tSe maiingor
of t|c company nrriA-es'ln town the
at'i";j3 committee' will Ihtervlei^
him re this matter. .-
the camp.    After   iuapectlnjf   (he
camp the cppstable admitted that
Western Minen
Will Resist Wage Cut
(CantlEmd from pan H
Ciilt'.iry, Alberta,
Mnrch .-trri,  1922.
Thb Western   Cai»oga  Coal   Oyer-
ntora*       Association, v Calgaiy,
In     cp^pidoringr     your     terniv
tb? W&STISJHqmb vim null  0{t*ki lQV tt',iew «?reement   we
as couki warrant him ctoblhic dciiv.n, '^e.thut J■o^ uro Qflkingjar^ ^D<i
(i-'t-ntlnueJ fyom page 1)
        ._ -jvrtfta
W«itmlnster, meita cverjr flrst *nd
Friday In the Ltbor Temple, Royal
ue and 7th 8trtet. Engineers sup*
Address Secretary, 1040 Htmil-
.Street, New Westminster, B, 0.
g 608Y.  .
pltijrees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
ots A. 0, F. HUL Uobri rie*»iii
id Ird Monden at }0.1S •.m. and <
President, P. A. Hoever, 2409 Clerk*
; recording-secretary, P. E. Griffin,
■Oth Avenue East; treasurer, I, 8.
land; flnendal-socreiary and busl-
•gent, W. H. Cottrell, 4308 Dum*
Btreet; olllce corner Prior and Ualn
fhene Pair 8004R.
Drouth, war'p terrible destruction, ^and blpckade," waa the answer.
Johnson showed graphic charts
registering the rainfall and hoat
and tjie evaporation In the Volga
region for 1121 and for the aver*\
age o£ 17 years ending with 1920.
For tbe average of the 17 preceding years tn« YoJgf '**■)RH 'iad
iM inches of rain tn April, May
and. June combined; for the same
period tii crop-growth in 1931 the
rainfall waa only 0.28 Inch. For
t(ie averse of ifbe 17 prcpefllne
years the temperature forK April
was 41 degrees, May G5 degrees,
and June 55 degree's, while in 1921
it waa 43 degrcos, 67 degrees and
79 degrees respectively.
Johnson told of how Denikin had
come within 75 milea ot Moscow,
and when tho peasants in his fear
h&J destroyed his lines, compelling
retreat, he nad utterly destroyed"
every building above two or throe
stories throughout the. whole of
South Russia; how he had destroyed! the coal mines of_the Don-
ctz basin; how he had left thousands of square miles of the best
of Russia in ruin, with every bridge
and railroad locomotive and car
tumbled Into the beds of the
Chairman Norris brought opt
the fact that Herbert Hoover was
fully informed of the need for
largo-scale relief, and of the faet
that it should go directly Into the
famine region, by the way of the
Black sea ports, ae long ago as last
August. Hoover never answered
the radlogrom report from John
son outlining tho emergency. He
nevor responded* to notification
that Johnson's commission had returned home and would gladly
furnish him information. Black
sea ports were never entered by relief ships until last month.
could warrant "hliri closing do>y
the camj> until ttyc be'-itf! rfiquiie-
pients were conipiJ«d: vyUht apjj,
alfjo stated thut the conditions
aaked for by the men were necessary as an immediate pleasure..
Frapi tbp constnUJes remarks
the nien \yo\_ led to believe, thftt
he was taking steps to secure the,
enforcement of the iiecvaaaiy sanitary ro^VUifUH*. ifewoyor, the
manager did. not seem in any hurry
to comply with, tlie ordera which
tho men undcrrituoii be had. recoived . ffpip the constable, and
every effort was lpnde to sec that
the company "came through."
Ona man, Fellow -Workor Jackson, who had taken an active part
In the whole proceedings, and wfto
was particularly active in trying
to make the company comply w-tb
tho law, was flred on the pretex
that he wns too far ahead with his
work. Immediately after 4ftC.k-
so'ns dismissal the men held
meeting, and ae it was apparent
that this man was being discriminated against, thoy. demanded
that he be reinstated. The^'com-
pany then made the assertion that
Jackson was Inefficient, although
When the inspector Inspected the
ties made by Jackson he had re'
ported that out of 1200 ties only
two were culls. The men then
heUl another meeting, which wos
attended! by representatives of. the
strong arm of the law, and took a
strike vote. The strike vote
carried there being only one vote
ets last Sunday of each month at
President, O. fl. Collier; Tlae-
lest, g. H. Gongh; secretary-
iter, B. fl. Neelanda, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
Labor   Council—Meets   flrat   and
Wednesdays,  tfulgb'J    ot   Pythias
North Part Street, at • cm.   Presl-
North I
0. Siverts; vice-president,
aeeretary*treasurer, _. 8
P. 0. Box 802, Victoria,  !
B. El-
_________ BgPBBT, B. 0.
Inell, 0, B, U. Branches: Prinoe
■t Diatrlet Fisheries Botrd, O.B.U.;
Uferoua Miners' District Board,
T. Hoerearytreuurer, P. 0. Bu
Prince Rnpert,
m may wish to help The Fed-
Lontet. Yon Can do to by reuew-
rour subscription promptly and
Ing In the subscription ot your
ul or neighbor.
Every reader of Tho Federatlonist can .render valuable assistance by renewing tbelr subscriptions as soon as they are due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It dow not take much
effort to do tills.   Try lt.
One dollar and fifty cents ts the
cost for a six months subscription
to the Foderationist.
Union Offlolats, write for prises.'  We
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modem
Bates RcbsoiuiM*
hi <n*ty Tear, va kare meed uu 0*1** Staup lti as* __4« *w
Peaceful OoUeclrta BarjainUJi
rotbld, Bath Strikei and lookmli
DU-UUi Settled ky Arbitration
Steady B»Ho»_ianl and BklUed WoikaauUl
rnsSt Delrterlea to Dealer, an* Pnrae
laws tnd Snccan to Workon snl Saplojers
Froiporltr of Shoo lltklns Oonmnnltlol
As loyal onion mn snt women, wt aak
yea It daman* thoee  btarlns   «W   tkon
union Stamp tn Salt, Intolt or Xdnlaf.
etUlt l-gtly, ______ Ptttldtnt    Charltt L. Bt__t, Btnttsl _M..tttat.
TtetA Out i-tntt, l-unl Dwtgu, We-jaog Bounuet*, Pot Fl*at*~
Otar-aentu ind Ou4* Tton, Beets, Bulla, Korlrt*' S_n4rl*i
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
<8 HMtlan M-Mt Bill. lit tH—i-t BtlMl
Ityn-rai UMTS lermont Mlt
Retailers of Ham,  Bntter,
Eggs, Cheese, Groceries
and Fresh-Meat
Free Delivery
Fresh Meat Dept.
LISTEN I Wo have a spocial consignment of Slat r'a Funuius Fork
Shoulders (Alberta grain-fed pork)
which we will put on Hale on Friday
and (Sntnrday. Reg. priue 25c lb.
Sht'T'e pnue, por lb 17VjO
Rolled Ecof Roasta,  only,  lb...20c
Choice   Oven   Roasts   from,  per
lb   m,e
Choico    Fot    Routs,    from,    par
1b. .
Onr m»in Stroet Must Department il
now under new manngumpnt. Il will
pay you to have a look ut our meat
Srices which will be the sume aa *ne
owatown stores. Phon» Fair. 1683.
Free delivery.
Real Lamb Logs, per lb,.-
Real Lamb Loins, per lb.  ....90c
Prime  Lsmb  Roasts,   extra   fine
Quality,  per lb ....26>/a0
Prime Lamb Stew, per lb. ....Ilk
Provision Dept.
Slater's    Famous
Bntter.  Friday
, lbs. for	
Albert* Creamery
and Saturday, B
Finest   Now   Zealand   Butter,   I
lba. for -11.15
Slater's Famoua Streaky Bacon, half
or whole slab, per lb SBe
Slater'a Sliced Ayrshire Back bacon,
per lb n ...___...3fi0
nt if thoy woyQ aftgept rgiluq- mje day Vi&eo wtp ^QUfrhwit
m UlSi' cpiuLTseii iiiofo coal und Ae^iatrfct WQviTd be >3.6t per day.
at this would mean more work      Ah an illuatration we would like
mnojr madb"
The 1 M.T.I Loggers' Boot
Hall ordor, ptnonally attandod t*
■   OnarantMd lo Hold Onolki ud Ara Thoroughly Witatlfhl
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. V08 * SON
\ i Ntxt Door to Logger*" Hall
' Chone Sermour tBt Repairs Don. While Ton Walt
Hate ron tried Slater'a Famon,
Bonoleas Rolled Baeon I It la Terr
mild and ron will And nothing
better for frying or boiling. Bag.
880 Ib. Friday snd Satudar,
epeeial, 8 lbe. tor  _»0
Finest Canadian Cheese, ft—U
~   0. Fresh Eggs, S dosen_...|1.0l
Grocery Dejit.
TEA       TIA       TIA
Tho wholeialer hat' adeanoed hla
tta So lb.   Wo aro ttlU telHng—
Nabob Tea at. por lb. 00.
SUter't Had Label Tea, tt_Ue
4 Stores
12S Btttlngt st a. Sn. SMI
IS* OranTillt St. ....Ity.   •••
Ull Oraniillt Si. Sir. SIM
mi n*i* s». rait, uu
miwa.muited reductlp.-s. \\'eivoul4
ii_| Vsii' whut sopftlt WPUli up ".
i.hl.4 tline to reduce the miners'
\v_se_' which would only result In
a detruded citisenshlp accompanied .by human miser;, starvation
and want, supei'llri''. ed by huge-
(*.\0\ .. Annual' earnings Paid "to
tjiose who mine coai. To accept
?_mc, the cost in _ae_i(ice and human wretchedness would ' be too
^i-eiit. '_Agai'n, 'gentlemen, "wliaf
good would it do?
Ci'al companies In some.open
shop fields, and ill wholly non-union
fields already have tried the experiment ot culling the wages ol
their miners. They told their men
that if they
that, this would mean more work
for tho minors. ■■■ But It did not
work' out that way. In those places
Where miners, suffering the pangs
of starvation because of unemployment, agreed to a reduction in order (hat they might earn bread fop
themselves and- their starving t'ani-
l_te3, they have no more work than
thoy had before tho reduction was
forced upon them. This Is no Idle
statement based on wind. It is a
cold fact, based upon and wholly
proved by the columns of the lead-
ins coal trade publications of the
country. Each week these trade
Journals publishes exhaustive detailed reports of trade conditions
in the various coal-mining fields
of the country and those connected
with the coal trnde pin their faith
to what they have to say on that
The reports, published in these
Journals show that there is no
greater demand for coal in non
union fields, wnere wage reductions have been permitted. They
show that miners are not working
more days at the reduced rate than
they worked before their wages
were reduced. Then what good
does it do and what good would it
do to reduce the wages of coal
miners generally.
You state that 30 to 60 per cent,
.'eductions have taken place ln the
United Statos. In reply to this
statement we say that the organised miners of tho United States
have not suffered the said decreases but on thc other hand where attempts havo been made to put reductions into effoct, extended
cessation of operations have taken
place. In Alberta, where you
claim reductions have "ueen put
into effect, tho union mines paying
the regular scale wore not effected
hy tho 'competition of the nonunion mines. This pertains to
mines ln sub-district* 3, 5 and 6.
"With reference to your statement that pronounced cuts have
beon made in other Industries we
wish to state the miners have already suffered a greater reduction
than the industries you have mentioned their earning powers having
been cut in two through the lack
of an opportunity to work and tho
prpposals you offer would not ln
any way remedy this situation.
To your statement that we hav*
ignored entirely the economlo situation wo desire to say that tha
labor cost of producing coal was
.33 conts per ton less In 1121
when the highest wagos were being paid ln the district as against
$_.T0 In 1921 and (3.03 In 1921.
Tho difference between the valu*
of the coal produced ln Alberta
ln 1920 and the labor cost of pro-
duolng this coal was approximately 111,000,000.00, the value of th*
coal produced being $30,330,127.00.
The labor cost of producing this
coal was S13._ fl 1.005.09. In 1121
the difference betwoen the labor
cost and selling prie* was 111,000,-
000,00. Suroly this Is sufficient
margin to allow you to operat*
your mines at a reasonable proflt,
In sub-district 1; Eastern British
Columbia, there wer* 130,000 ton*
of ooal produced at a value of 15,-
329,000.00, and the selling prlc* at
the mln* was 16.11 per ton. Now,
assuming the labor oost being th*
same a* ln Albert*, 12.70 per ton,
this would give * clear margin of
33.41 per ton. Suroly again thi* I*
sufficient to operate them at/ a
reaionabi* proflt. So therefore yon
will se* w* hav* not entirely Ignored the economlo situation.
Not labor Cost
In respect to your atatement
that it I* a question with many of
th* mln* ownera whether a revision of th* seals mad* oven now
has hot come too Iat*. We cannot
share their view ln this respect as
we are of th* opinion that the peak
of depression has passed and we
firmly believe that lf a satisfactory
agreement la reached lt will have
a stabilising effect and will place
the lnduitry one mor* on a mild
footing; also having la mind that
tha contemplated revision In
freight rates will add to the Interest of th* Industry. Wt wish to
point out that th* loss of markot
can not b* laid at th* door of
labor coat aa v.* again repeat th.
labor cost Is 1M1 w*. les* than la
1120, bat tb* lost *f market wa*
due ta. Ut*. general business depression.
The proposals you-make would
t*!mo_ft_alt«.*wj«y. -ill' the. Increase*
that we havt obtained for ti'ef a*t
SV*' jKar* thereby - placli* the
woritin ion i"fr8*^ olils'which
W& cWoded'bjr all the leaders of
thought tbat.Ule standard was too
tow at'thai time- and .h»tt th»
wofKafn woilld -hot again be asked
to return to said standard |nl we
canudt help but ththR that yo* are
not -(fi-Wui^ln yqui' propO-lile tj us.
"- The Check-off
We .are. »t * lijss to understand
'the reagon why you ask the elimination of the check-off clause iflir
we have had this jj gijf gjjreemeni
^g^JJlft__B__|k-ifl_Ui_e|»~wali Tnd. Lt
■a-talnly does IHSl Interfere with
the cqst of production and therefore, alight not to lie a matte; for
contention as you are basing your
claim tor the said reduction on
the la|Jo£ cost of'production.
Replying to your request for. .a
cost of -living commission we do
not believe In' fining our wage* bjj.
this method as \\o uEulro to attain
a saving wage instead qf Just a
living «agt believing that we
should have sufficient to. prepare
for. old age and siqltuess. This wo
wouldi be prohibited from getting
by adopting a wage based qn cqst
of living.
With reference to your statement qf percentage Increases" It
would appear that you are adding
22 per cent, over the rates of 1915
but we would point out that lt
means a reduction on pur standard
of Hying a.s In 1914 for o'jtdmple,
the miners day ' wage ' rate was
$3.30 aer day. Your offer is 31-50
for thip'clasB of work, an increase
of ll.i-P1 which equals 36 per cent,
ovor tf__ rate of 1914, and the cost
of living today stands, according to
the Labor' Gazette, 52 per cent,
above 'the year 1914 In large cities
.nd. wttJiOTt g.algeF.ti_tea._!_6.8981
of living Is ML MB. Cfillt higher In
mining camp*. Therefore, 30 per
cent, plus 2? nor cent, fgnaj* 5,3
per cont. of a reduction" you ' are
asking us to accept on our standard, of living of 1914. It Is obvious that it will be Impossible to
accept such a proposal.
According to wage reductions
proposed by the operators, the av
had "kept up tb* lata* of wage*
Delegate Floyd reported ter the
committee to a*eur» flpir**'** tq
the: extent of loeal unt*(il_ym*nt.
It was found that thi
gMered   S000    rep-e_«rt*4   Mty
about 3* per cent.- of *b».-;.a-#*':"
number of unemployed.   4»-     ~"
tit men and women a—_  '—*
Qrqater Vanconver '■_____
tU;   and   It  r__f3sJS?J
there wer.. **-^'____V___
id.   Th^ .-•"?_?!&S88B"_9*5
"'. l V report ^-w^pt*
V'rmiiit_#~ wimaKtif  «
MJjt appointedrVwItttllt « *»!•-
f«5rawford anrf feef A aqgg-gon
feinjf;t»«mn,(l « adjoufum-nt
r "junch" oecMtoned a MttU
grim humorj-but li wa* dmided to
adlourn from ii.Vt till '2 o'clock—
'whether you eaf or not!
thi adjournment, the
ceoj-etaty'*  report wa* tea*, lift
Frevlqui to tho adjournment, the
As an illustration wq would like
to draw your attention to the
Drumheller field. ' According to
figure's published by The Mines Department of the Province the
Drumhellerf mines worked an average of 146 days In the year 1021.
A ijifW working 146 days a year
at $S-69 por day would earn $53$.-
74 pr about $44.89 per month. -
^(Ing the year 1920 when the
coal -,-business was comparatively
good und exceeded the year 1921
by .nearly a million tons in production, twhen the mines in the. Drum-
hcllon field worked an average of
228 --.days, a, miners' earnings
would bo as follows: 228 days at
$3.69 per day—$811.32, or about
$70.11 per month.
According to the Labor Gazette,
$91.80 per month 1* required by
the average family for food, fuel,
light and rent, to aay nothing ot
cTotHlnlfand other necessities of
life. Figures published In the press
show that the yearly upkeep qf a
prisoner Jn the Toronto prisons IB
$708.10. It would-appear from this
that the proposed wage reductions
would place the mine workers of
this district on a living standard
below that of the convict* of Ontario.
adpptod; aim fit* Nport from thi!
Central TOemjifogji cjjnm|tti-f,
supplenisnt<Nt_tw Wter* from 1l*t-
«nt toints. T8* »*et_-Ury g|t|d
that. notwithstandJM a Salvation
Army assertion to W* cqMh»r|{ ua-
employmcnt amoqc women #*»
rlf*. She also ttattet VOat U tU.'m
et^inn -r—Xw*i;'m'wm^*
to have been nttmA a-»lstan*» by
the relief offlce,' j*. had twlq. -ielt-
tm to Mr. ire__ndrfqi- *n exjua^-
t|pp and had received o^ym,,
' A letter fro-n Druqilyiller dl#olo-
ted extreme dettituUon, whtch the
authorities had "taben tSm to
Jiteep da*'! «m* from"R*|iSS »q'.
ported men turntd out lo lh* -tree.
for the night without f6od or the)
ter, as beljig an or»»ql«d ■»«•_-
"«ent fiy fUriShUt*, to way* tb*
Red   t%tt  oVfii* tb*  CUT
Wooae Janr reported a	
and 10 cent* pf jr hojir.
Map* I*qteat
Th* »fternqqn KMlon qf toqr
RJurs began wltb consideration of
a proposal to arrange h_r a maa*
protest on Sunday, April 30, against
the Federal government's refusal
of'the demand of tho previous conference for a national handling of
the unemployed problem. An
amendment proposed May Day Instead; anothor amondinent suggested " ns soon as possible," and then
Sunday Aj>rll i, was proposed as
\ substitute for the whole"—
Which the chairman ruled it wasn't. Eventually the original motion was carried, with a supplementary motion providing for earlier
aotion lf occasion arose.
It was intimated by a North Vancouver delegate that there wa* to
bl t cessation ot relief at the end
of the present month, thus making
earlier action advisable. In any
ease, lt was argued, Sunday muat
be the day aelected In order to
make the demonstration a success,
as lt was practically Imposslbl* to
"pry the worker away from his
Job,' if he had one. Especially as
thos* with Jobs were "afraid qf thf
army of the unemployed."
It was further decided that a
sub-committee, pt tbe cemmitte* ot
2, should be chosen to canvaa th*
various organisation* and urge
theni to tako part In the n*xt demonstration—othorwlae than on
th* sidewalk.
Men's Blaek Grain Work Boots, solid Wither throng!,
out, two full soles; a good hard-wq|ring ^^j OtL
work boot at a low lirfee.  Pec pair...*-. VKbeAaO
$$.95 boys yoa s piir of disss shoes that agt. the. eqasl
of sny $10 shoe stpvi} yon ift the pi^f. fe«p tp| is all
solid leather from l»eel to toft sn^ refl esl_»kift
Brownand black, io, six $mml a*'m%. |gd •*■
Widths B to BB. Y«t '"t^'-■-    lW^    •
these as they ars {&<
ityle, at..: S
Jmi Shoe Bmmotf
Try Wl on Ytnw
'•i-.:. ..._r"^ '■'V.J.,', :?'   '^^
Sixteen Thousand
Unemployed in District
(Continued from page 1)
resented; and, of course, the Haat
ings Park men and various bodies
of unemployed In the neighboring
Chairman Reports
The chairman gave a brief account of the activities of the committee of 25 since the previous con'
ferenoe, during which time they
had met weekly, with a fairly good
attendance on the part of all the
members except about half a dosen,
Noting that Labor Minister Murdock was recently in the Cranbrook
district for electioneering purposes,
they had tried to get an appoint-
metn with him here, but without
success; though they had conferred
with his deputy, and will again do
so this week. The new government
waa apparently averse to shouldering the unemployment problem;
did not want to "Interfere" with
local authorities or to commit itself
to anything so definite. an trade
union wages, preferring such terms
as "fair rates," or "current rates"
of pay. A privy council report of
Jan. 25 atated, however, that unemployment "does not promise any
material abatement during the early months of 1A22."
The delegates having been duly
"received," Delegate Barr prompt
ly moved for the election of a new
chairman and secretary. The motion' was heavily defeated; the
chairmnn suggesting the matter be
left till the afternoon, when the
delegates would be to some extent
Heated Dlscussloa
Tht recommendations of the
committee of 25 were then dealt
with, the first being on the matter
ot representation ln sympathy with
the movement to alleviate the situation. This led to a heated discussion, some delegatee urging the
striking out of the word "alleviate"
In' favor /et something muoh more
radical, with the "balance of power" being secured to the unemployed themselves by a two-thirds representation, tt was urged, however, that the Immediate object was
"eats," not the overthrow of the
system; and the commlttes's recommendation was adopted u it
Other recommendations were
also adopted, outlining the polloy
and methods of the oragnlaatlon.
Warmth was again engendered on
the question of the unemployed
being "used as a lever" to lower
the general standard «f living,
which it was contended was already being done. Delegates from
organized Labor seemed reluetant
to admit the cogency of the argument as affecting themselves, one
remarking that It was all very well
about "dividing up with tha unemployed." He Immediately "stood
corrected," but reproached them
for not staying In the unlona which
Hastings W.,
Many Resolutions
About thre* hours of th* after,
noon were spent Ip dealing, on* by
one, with about a wore of resolutions presented by Delegate Hardy
for the resolution* committee. In
nearly every instance, the committee reported in favor and asked for
concurrence; and their recommendations were practically sustained
In their entirety with minor amendments. In some cases there was
immediate concurrence without
discussion; ln others the discussion
was heated and protracted out of
proportion to the apparent magnitude of the issue.
The flrst clash occurred over a
resolution calling on the Canadian
government to extend credits, In
order that locomotives, Implements
and surplus grain might be supplied from this country to Russia,
thus moeting the urgent needs of
that country and relieving the unemployment situation ln Canada.
A North Vancouver dolegate was
for Insisting on Bussia being given
aid Immediately "without specify-
ing why."
Delegate Rlohardson objected to
the word "permanent" as applied
to the proposed "solution of the.
unemployed problem."
Delegate Barr was unwilling to
"aid the capitalist to encircle the
masses of Bussia again with the
capitalist system.1
Delegate Harris Invited him to
"suggest some other method," and
In his eagerness to meet the challenge, Delegate Barr encountered
an objection from the chair that he
was "not discussing tho motion."
The delegate promptly disputed tha
ruling; on a vote being taken, the
chair was sustained. Concurrence
was voted on the resolution, though
not unanimously.
A resolution calling on th* authorities to allow the C. N. U. X.
men to speak on the streets was
accepted wtlh Immediate concurrence; but there was some dissentients to the resolution condemning the government's land settlement immigration schenve,
"Bring 'em out; bring out th*
virile Old Country stock!" exclaimed one delegate. "They'll talk to
the government!"
A woman delegate promptly observed, "They're itarving thsre,
Another delegate believed conditions would soon be wore* there
than In pre-war times. Ther* wa*
not much evidence of a desir* of
th* workers there to change th*
system under which they live.
A resolution spscially upholding
th* single men's right to live caused soms demur, as entailing "preference" or "distinction." but was
acoepted; as waa another demanding cosh instead of grocerle*.
A motion to appropriate 150.00
from the funds In order to hold a
"tea party" for unemployed wo-
m*n tn Pender Hall, with a view
to getting them together, wu lost
after some lively elnshes of opinion,   Hrs. Lorrlmer said they were
. r the country »nd mak*
ion still mor* precarious,
ich better to keep th$ responsibility divided.
Another delegute said th* thr*.
bodies Wept "passing tto buck/*
and th*t had got to ht -topped.
The resolution wa* eventually cott.
curred in, with an addition by D*l
Bichard>on, of "the prime minister
.and th* representative* (or nWt-
representatives) of thl* elty ln that
Condemn Tactic*
A reiolutlon was accepted condemning th* "bill of intimidation'
Which *ome relief authorities pre-
sentju fbr the signature of applicants for their pay. It was pointed
out that an order-in-councll fr$g
quoted so sis to Imply government
sanction of thi* procuring, whereas It was purely a movrof th* local
authorities.   -
Ono resolution (or rather a substitute therefor), wa* endorsed,
and concurred In, to deal with th*
matter of sending men to th*
prairies. -It was eont*md*d that
such shipment should be optional,
with guarantees of employment or
expenses of return.
Immediate concurrenc* waa giv«a
to a proposal to writ* to other province* urging the formation ot un-
mploymant council* along tbe
line* ol that in Vancouver,
Hastings Park
Th* but hour ot th*. aesslon
brought oat * sut* st attain at
Hosting* Park very different from
that whtch had been given out In
the 'dally press. A resolution wa*
presented calling for a permanent
"grievance committee" to deal with
cases of discrimination, eto.
"What-ev«r Mr. Ireland'* got out
there, he doesn't want tt* people
at large to know it," on* delegate
declared. There wo* "all kind* of
stuff that Mr. Ireland I* trying to
keep from the publlo."
Several delegate* spok* quietly,
hut with evident sincerity, as to
condition* In the camp; the detail*
being suoh a* to evoke a cry of
Shame!" at leaat In one instance.
Herded for th* night, two-tier
deep; bunk-house sealed air-tight,
with only ventilation through the
roof; steam coming through the
floor; 700 pairs of dirty socks hung
up at night; messes all over th*
floor, rubbed over with a broom and
"supposed to be disinfected!" Buch
were some of the details.
Domineering attitude of th.
medical department; deliberate lying or Ignoring ot the true state of
affairs, a standard of living of 61
per cent, of tho government's calculation! These were other complaints.
As to the cultural development;
there was genera! Intellectual stagnation. "Poker and black Jack.
Representatives of th* authoritiei
playing with the men, and taking
their money!" That wa* In the
Fint Art* building.
"Mr. Inland has got some ulterior motive in view," a delegate declared; "won't stand for nny radical delegation to go In thore."
"It's Impossible to get a committee working In that park," It wa*
asserted, "unless you do It underground." A permit had to be had
before visiting, and then everything
would be out and dried. As to th*
work, on* delegate complained bit-
it! •-*ms*w **'•»»» ««wwi
kind* of ball* tying around th*»
golf   bajla,',!1»*   predicted.    MM
•*»»iua» tat . chape* t. grab
bullet in KraaSror a bul.et"n Van.
couver; It iM, aU tb* wm* to him.
Id further tlKuseion, it wa* ur-
Hatting* tSr— I- opined up M
the future—and that the on* that
I* opened up be closed Immediately.
As a proflt-producin; enterprise,
a delegate said: "It's a mint jhi%
city authorities ar* having »»•
qulrlea front all over th* countrjri
How do ft* do It?—aad ao woa« '
Another delegate said tf the con.
fannce could "clean up tt* Hut.
big* Park m**s," they would him
(on* something.
Th* conference voted concurrence witb tt* resolution.
' Further d*t*lls wer* agreed oa
as te the composition o'f th* grievance commitue, and also for additional delegate, t. be added to th.
commute* ot II from tt. unora.
ployed mediations.
The conference cloaed with th.
re-election of Tf. H." Cottrell u
chairman and Mrs. Booth u sder*.
tary, and tha election of Qeorge
Hardy a* vice-chairman, with a
new commlttM of 25.
Though th* conference wu Qt
about th* urn* numerical strength
U th* previews on**, eo tar a* dale-
gates war* concorned, (her* wa*
no' '.'gallery" and practically no
mere "spectators." Ther* I* definite reason to believe, however,
that what I* euphemistically termed "the Intelligence department,"
was not entirely unrepresented la
the Interest* of officialdom, and
thos* who hare speolal reuon to
fear the raenae* of discontent.
It wai only la th* doting dlscu*.'
sion* that th* "gall and worm,
wood" Of th. poiltlon of th* unem.
ployed cam* plainly to the surfac*.
or that their Indicated how deeply
th* Iron had entered Into their
Mills. During the deliberations in
«*eneral, then wu marked restraint
and deference to the psychology df
the "consenratlve-mindcd" delegate*, from aon-rodlcal organisa-
not then to advocate "pink teas."
A man delegate skid: "You can get
them through their stomachs;" but
another declared lt "absolute foolishness."
A resolution to send to the Labor minister th* endorsement* of
various organisations in support of
th* original demand for Federal
action led to a re-dlscusslon of the
wisdom or otherwise of tho original
resolution of Feb. lt. One delegate thought a Fedoral scheme of
road making, for Instance, would
enablo the government-to transport
Banco Saturday.
Don't forgat tta dence on Sat.
nrday night in th* Pender Hail,
corner'of Pender and How* Street*.
Oood music, a Una floor and every
accommodation. Admission, gent*
50c, ladles tic
Montreal—Herbert H. Martor,
Libera! member for the St. Law.
rence-St. George division of Montreal, ha* filed hu official election
expenses account. It totals III..
7<1.«4. He received 7IM vote*,
each vote cost him officially, 15.07,
Rose Henderson, Labor candidate,
recoived 5*1 votes, and her elec tlon
expense wu I899, each vote thua
costing her 11.38.
Eureka Tea Co.
•or Duasituia street
rrook a.irtat Oaloo Dolly
Tom sa* Sole* 111*. ftr tl ta* ty.
Just what you have been waiting for—
Tho cx-Servlce Men's Magazine that recognises the class Btruggle.
Endorsed by the National Exocutive Board, World War Veterans.
The Soldier-Worker directs it* attack against the CAUSE of war
Send for free sampla copy, or mall 11 to The Soldior-Worker,
Box till, Butte, Mont,, and get the only Workers' ex-Service
Men'a Magaslne tor IS months. __*•
To Buyers of Printing
The following firms have established the 4--hour week la
their workshops and are therefore  the  enly  printing  olBct*
operating under condltlona which an fair to the undersigned
Hom.r Ar___e, root Beam,
BL00HBE80EB. P. «.,
31* Bret-Wty Sift.
Ml Olm-le Urtol.
Ml 1 Brotdety W.
1120 How. Itnot
600 Beiity Stroot.
437 Dum-mlr s*e* .
1086 Klngiwoy.
111 H.tliol. swot West.
nonius, j. r,
Boor. -SS OruMllo Street,
420 Homor Stroot.
North Vtneottvor.
S0Q Beotty Stroot.
632 Soymonr Stroot.
812 Fodder Wert.
137 Foa*or Itnot.
797 Fotdtt Stroot.
316 Homor Strut.
fourteenth tbar. no. ii   THE BglffigH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, r g
FRIDAT...  March
—You still need 'em
—and here are some
bully "buys"
Rubberized Tweeds
Genuine Scotch Tweeds in :
solid colors; browns, greys
and greens, as well as in
self checks. Heavily rubberized — real all-weather
coat, warm and dry. Stylish
models, with or without
belts, raglan or set - in
sleeves, the length you prefer—$20 to $30 values.  To
English Paramattas
Pure wool English Paramatta coats, with mole lining. The seams are taped
and stitched, assuring positive waterproofing. High
collar, motor style coat
Colors are fawns and olives
—$20 value. To clear
Bend In your mail
orders with measurements of arm, chest
and height. Parcels
sent express prepaid
on receipt of price. AU
orders guaranteed.
'Your moneys worth ar your monoy back "
Authorities Spoil
Famine Relief Meeting
;•'     (fontjoued^from Page 1)
■whether, after the 'mayor of Vancouver h»d kiven a permit for Hulet Wells to' speak there'.'on the
famine ln Rusaia, they wero going
to let a bunch of pin-head officials
prevent him doing ao? He knew,
however, that..either himself or
other, BrltiBh-born subjects could
be token by the scrult ot the neck
and deported at any time by'the
authorities in this country.
The speaker went back to 1117
Sciatica, stiff joints, neuritis, nervous troubles and any
general rundown conditions respond to our scientific
012 HOLDEN BUILDIKO, 19 Haatings Stmt Eait
Phone Sey. 7167
SATURDAY, MARCH 18th, at 8 pan.
In Commemoration of the Paria Commune
All members and sympathizers cordially Invited.
Cards,   etc.   Ladles   kindly   bring   refreshment-.
Collection taken up to meet expenses.   Under tlio
Auspices of the Women's Auxiliary.
Annual Irish Concert
and Dance
PENDER HALL, Pender Street West
(By the Best Irish Talent in the Oity)
CONCERT 8 p.m. DANCING from 10.30 p.m.
Admission:  Oenti, $1.00; Ladiei, 75c; Children, 25c
The Best Irish Concert and
Dance in Vancouver
for the reason of the antagonism
toward Russia. It was the attitude
of the ruling class towards the flrst
working class republic ever established In the world. That waa the
explanation of the faot that in
Canada, the United States, tbe Argentine, etc., there were vast accumulations of cereals; and yet over
ln Soviet Russia millions of people
were dying because of the lack of
those necessities.
The reason is this: The Russian
working clus took a slap at the
proflt system. I dont say they have
destroyed that system; because
they haven't. That is the Job of the
international working class of the
world. But they struck a blow,
and set an example that would inspire the workers in other parts of
the world some day to do the
Tho authorities knew, better than
the speaker himself, the conditions
which prevailed in the famine-
stricken districts; yet "in spite of
the fact that they are Christians,
they will sacrifice men, women and
children to the" god of proflt."
Scores Apathy
Comrade Wells censured the apathy of the working class the world
over. True, the workers ln Britain
had Insisted on "Hands off Russia,"
but that was not enough. "If I
had my way, inside of a montb I
would have foodstuffs pouring into
Russia as they never poured before."
The speaker urged the organized
workers to demand that "any man
who wishes to speak on the matter
shall be .allowed to do so, no mat-
tor where he comes from." It
might be that the government knew
nothing about it; the officials might
have been primed by the business
element in Vancouver. "But if you
don't mako a protest, thoy will continue to do the same.
Afraid of Truth
Dr. Curry said it was "evidently
true that the powers that rule this
country are afraid of the truth."
The Bible snid: "You shall know
the truth; and the truth shall make
you free." In that case, there
would be no wage Blavery, and class
rule would be down and out. The
Red Terror was naturally a real
terror In the psychology of the
ruling olass.
The history of Communism was
a history of persecution. Hundreds
of thousands of the early Christians were crucified or fed to wild
beasts; and Christianity was pre-
verted from Communism to a slave
nellgion—a religion of the ruling
class to keep the slave ln his chains.
The speaker had not yet heard of
any church ln Vancouver protesting against the attitude of the ruling class toward Russia.
In the Paris Commune again,
thirty or forty thousand nen and
women had been slaughtered,
"The greatest enemy of the ruling
claes ls Communism,"
Had It not been for the. efforts of
the Russian armies, the Allies
would not have won the great war
for democracy. But the establishment of a Soviot government universally meant the end of all things
for the ruling class—the end of
their unearned wealth, their purple luxury. So they looked on the
famine as an ally; an act of Cod In
their behalf.
Comrade Pettlplece next took
the platform "to Bay a few words
In behalf of our fellow workers ln
Russia." Russia had run Into a
situation that any other country
would probably have run Into under tho circumstances, owing to the
International character of capitalism.
Capitalism was like a huge clock
with many wheels.   Russia nulled
Ont uu. the above, fill in the amount yon are willing to
1 give to the defense of The Federationist, and forward it
along with your contribution to the B. 0. Federationiit,
Ltd., 342 Pender Street West, Vancouver, B. 0. The money
will be needed if adequate defenie of the paper is to be'.
made. «
Previously acknowledged ....|_80._l.|Dr. W. J. Curry......      6.00
Proceeds from meetings L. ■ —
E. S       2.00 1887.81
Preaching and Practice
I ENTERED nervously and hesl<
tated. A solemn and self-righteous looking verger eyed me
over and showed me into a back
seat. Whether it was my lack of
broadcloth or the hesitancy, one
feels when introduced Into the presence of superior beings, I; know
not, but a poor visiter and a ..stranger among them I suppose a back
seat was my proper portion.:; Consoling myself with the thought that
possibly my soul stood a -better
chance of salvation at the .back
than at the front, I took my seat,
but. having lived under capitalism
long as I can remomber.-I -surreptitiously substituted a modest
dime for the dollar I had reserved
for the collection.
It was early, full ten minutes,
before the service began, and I sat
and watched them enter. It was
an elevating sight. . Being such a
fashionable assemblage, I am quite
sure the recording angel was well
pleased with It. I was myself.
Very decoriously they walked up
the broad aisles; very solemnly
they took iheir seats; very devotedly they bowed their heads ln a
moment's silent devotion, and very
pompously they straightened themselves in their seats and waited for
the service to commence.
It was a beautiful service; sweet
hymns of praise and prayer rose
with organ accompaniment straight
from the throats of that well-fed
and well-garbed congregation to
the golden gates and awe filled my
soul as I imagined a crowd of angels gathering near them to enjoy
the thrilling strains from Vancouver's elite.
It was a touching sermon, nnd
several times I had to resort to subterfuge to brush away the tears
that welled up into my eyes. It
was a masterpiece that sermon. It
wan about loving one's enemies,
and returning them good for evil.
The preacher, though stamped
.with the self-satisfaction of his
class, seemed in deadly earnest, and
believo had persuaded himself
for the time being that he was
speaking that which was really
within him. He finished up with a
splendid peroration on the quotation from the poet, "Oh, for the
rarity of Christian charity under
the sun." He was "undoubtedly a
flne preacher and preaching is a
flne art—and sometimes nothing
I heard many clever and favorable criticisms of his offort. "How
beautiful!" "How fine!" "How
sweet," etc., as I brushed shoulders
with the broadcloth and the brocade as I was leaving the building.
One remark the preacher particularly emphasized was that the
helping of those in trouble and
want was not a matter of sentiment or favor but a veritable
Christian duty which could not be
neglected through any pretense or
causo whatsoever. And, with the
truth of tho preachers words there
can be no disagreement.
Many professing Christians will
render aid to those they know and
like and will turn away any against
whom they may have:placed,their
mark of disfavor ln both cases,
seeking merely self-gratiflcation;
and In this class of Christian are
'they   who   proclaim   their   noble
deeds from house-tops.
I was satslfled with that sermon
and somehow I felt better for It
till a thought struck, me, and then
a doubt, the demon doubt as that
eloquent preacher would have expressed it, crept into my conscl-
the Russian wheet out of this capitalist, clock — "and the damned
clock won't work." So they had to
try to get the Russian wheel back
Into the clock. "Otherwise the
whole clock goes on the blink, and
they have to go with it." Instead
of being too critical qf the poor
capitalists, the speaker suggested
Tou ought to sympathize with
them in their efforts to do the impossible."
As to using their economic powers, the speaker deolared; "You
haven't got any economic power
when you're out of a Job. You
want to take a more intelligent Interest ln the political affairs of this
and every other country," If they
had done so earlier, they "would
now have had a trained army of
men and women to do a great deal
more than take up a collection."
If you want to know anything
about Russia," the speaker advls-
"then quit reading the dally
papers." As a printer, he would
speak of the masses of press copy,
prepared weeks before and brought
in by freight and then released as
required and "served up as red-
hot stuff. You can't serve me with
that sort of bunk, because X know
too much about It," he said.
Did that well-fed, that over-fed
congregation know what I knew.?
If so what was I to think of that
pious crowd, from the preacher
down to the pompous verger? Did
they know that, in far away Soviet
Russia, the bones of little innocent
children, those well-belove.d of
their own Christ, were pushing
through the skin for the want of
bread and that their mothers'
breasts had dried up and shrivelled
to mere skin that clung to the
bones of these living skeletons?
Did they know that those
Russian mothers ln the madness
of their despair; in their inexpressible agony of mind and body were
throttling their babes to save them
from further tortures?
Did that preacher know of It yet
had made no mention of it I recalled his face and I told myself
he did not for he had not the face
of a fiend. And then anger gripped
me. What sort of a place Is this
Did our City Council know of
those terrible conditions when they
turned down tho request for a
house to house canvas to gather
funds to mitigate those horrors? I
read only one of them voted for it.
He must have known—but did the
I canot believe that they did for
they are human in form and bear
tho stamp of humanity oh their
countenances and have hitherto
conducted themselves uprightly
and decently in the sight of their
fellow citizens or they-would not
be where they are. No! They
surely did not know of the full extent of the misery and want In
Soviet Russia.
Yet it was a poor excuse they
gave for their decision "Charity
begins at home!" We have all
heard that many times but for the
beneflt of our City Council I am
going to paraphrase that pious
proverb and write it thus:
"Capitalistic charity begins with
number one and ends with number one and never reaches his
neighbor unless It can come back
to number one plus a proflt. -It is
not spontaneous, being conceived
in selfishness and born after a long
labor of pros and cons. It masquerades ln unselfishness but number one cringes forever beneath Its
cloak. It begins at home and stays
at home."
But to return to the preacher, X
remember ho spoko of Christian
charity, not City Council charity
and there seems to be a fundamental difference between these two
things for ho said that Christian
charity began with the afflicted
and the distressed—away from
home in fnct, sometimes a long
wny from home, even as far as
Soviet Russia (although he mentioned lio names) anywhere in fact
where there was. need.of it and I
think he was right and I think
every decent minded citizen of
Vancouver, will. agree with the
preacher and I think also Ol City
Council, that the vast majority of
the people who voted you to office
would have respected you far more
than they ever can now If you had
allowed a little of that same
Christian charity to guide you to
a decision on the tag-day question.
You know you were not asked to
give anything; only to allow a
chance to others to give. You
yourselves could have walked
about proud, with heads erect and
with tho sweet consciousness ln
your souls that "Charity begins at
home." But even then your glory
might have had a shadow cast over
It, lf some less forgetful citlsen
had reminded you that once, not
so very long ago, you went on
record that charity began In the
form of a tag-day for China.
Ottawa—Two boards et conciliation and investlgatlm, under the
Induetrial Disputes Act, have been
appointed to deal with the disputes
between the Dominion Power &
Transmission. Co., Hamilton, Ont.,
aiid Its employees. The Hamilton
Paciilc Railway Company, a subsidiary, is also Involved,
_ Ottawa—The output of coal from
Caiiiulian--minea,during thc calendar-year ll21.amoimted to 15,000,-
000^-Bj!Ort,^o!is,.tvalued at 174,273,-
000, or .4.4)7 a'toil. This was 12
per cent. less ihun the amount
ra.ilie.d,.Jn the preceding year. The
largest amount was mined In Alber-
.«,-_vJ_h..-.-tO.0,000 tons; Nova Scotia' followed with '-,700,000 tons;
British Columbia, 2,800,000 tons;
.132,000 in Saskatchewan, and 180,-
000 tons in New Rrunswlck.
Ottawa—Xhtj^rovince of Ontario has Inauttimt-d a system of
government savings banks accepting deposits at 4 per cent. Brunches
are to,Be opened ih the principal
townS and cities. The proceeds will
. |ie* reinvested a_ri farm loans at a
sufficient advance to cover administration costs.
Melbourne, Australia—Trade relations between Qermany and Australia are to be resumed Aug. 1. In
the meantimfca'-ta-lft lppard will be
appointed by the. Australian government to report on certaiti'industries in which, if, _(miiar German
goods wers allowed-- ln under the
existing tariff, would mean the .wiping out of the Australian enterprises. An anti-dumping act will
b*: put into operatisn when the
Australian federal government receives the tariff board's report.
Oakland, Cal.—Peter Lafek was
sent overseas during the war to
light for democracy. When he
came home the job he had held
was filled by another man, and he
was unable to find another. He
searched until starvation was near.
Then he dressed himself in his full
uniform, sat down on the Door of
the bare room he lived in, and cut
his throat with a razor. He died at
the emergency hospital.
Sydney, N. S. Wales.—A general
election is pending In the state of
New South Wales and will probably take place around the end of
The Labor government goes to
the country with the questions of
ho alteration ln the present rate of
wages, and the .preservation of the
44-hour week as the two principal
mattors" of policy.
A big victory ls predicted for the
Labor government.
Every reader of Tlie Federatlonist can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscription* as soon aa they are due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
snbecrlbe. It doea not take much
effort to do till*.   Try It.
Rand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription,
Abolition of Britain's Protectorate  of  Egypt
Means Nothing
(By The Federated Press)
London.—Lord Allcnby's plan
for the government of Egypt Is
sure to prove unacceptable to Egyptians the Dally Herald diplomatic
correspondent declares, for It Is
based on the retention in Egypt of
the British army of occupation,
and of British officials oveiseelng
nnd dictating the policy of the
Egyptian government. The Formal
abolition of the British protectorate does not mean.-anything when
it is coupled with tho actual maintenance of British rule.
A telegram from Munsourah,
which is characteristic, reads:
"We assure the British government that any agreement 'not
based upon actual evacuation will
meet with utter falure."
Lord Allonby believes he can
"make the elections" for a new
assembly. He proposes an "act of
indemnity" beforo Zaglul Is released or martial .law raised. That
means that the elections are tn be
'eased or martial law raised. That
held under martial law. The Zag-
luliats, Lord Allenby calculates,
can be beaten at the elections by a
premier who has at his command
all the resources—for propaganda,
for coercion and for bribery—of
the government and of the occupation.
"An unscrupulous calculation—
and, unless I am very much mistaken, a hopefully had one." concludes the Herald correspondent.
Moscow  Workers  Make
Appeal to American Workers
(By The Federated Press)
Moscow (by radio and cable via
Vienna).—The workere of Moscow,
who elected a number of labor
men now serving sentences as
political prisoners in foreign countries to be their representatives in
the Moscow municipal soviet, have
requested tho labor press and labor organisations of all countries
to cooperate in obtaining the release of theso men. The prisoners
concerned, who would bo ablo to
take their place in Moscow civic
affairs if released, are Jim Larkin,
serving a 10-year sentence ln New
York state for "criminal anarch-
Ism"; the French naval mutineers,
Marty and Badina, who were convicted of refusing to flre on a Bolshevik vessel In the Black sea;
Max Hoelz, German communist,
confined for his part ln the unsuccessful uprising of March a year
ago; the Polish communist, Dom-
Ihe greatest assistance that the
readers of The Federatlonist can
render us at tills time, Is by securing a new subscriber. By doing eo,
you spread the news of the working class movement nnd assist na
Here's Why
D. K. Book's priees are right at tbe beginning of tl
Season.1 D. K. Book's priees are lower than the ordinal
retftiler's^rand that holds good every day of the yea
sale prices or no sale prices. Whenever you buy oi
clothing you save—because our prices are practical
"wholesale"—Correct Clothes come to you direct fro
the maker.   .'..'• -j
$19, $23, $27, $33.50, $37.50
Every Suit Guaranteed
DV    DAAlf   1 Tit      CORRECT   CLOTHES
. Al. DUUiV LIU. 137 Hastings Stmt
Vancouver Workers' Protectiv
Meetings Held Thursdays, at 8 p.m.
61 Cordova Street West
CoL    Raymond    Robins
Says Fighting Is
i.      No Honor
(By the Federated Presa)
New Tork—"Instead of regarding fighting as an honor, we want
it revealed as It really is, the murderer of the youth ot the nation,
th* poisoner of good will, the
wrecker of Industry and the common enemy of the human race,"
said Col. Raymond Robins here in
an address at the annual meeting
of the Women's Trade
League, on "The Washington
Robins declared that while tl
ference and Worid Peaee." C
war, lt ls rapidly approachln
tlon still Is suffering from th
war, It is rapidly approachln
preparing for another.
Mrs. Maud Swartz, who
delegate to the recent Interna
Congress ot Working Worn
Geneva, giving her impress^
the Labor movement in E
■aid the European trade ,
movement is definitely Soi
and Is closely afflliated wit
Socialist movement. "Worn
the Labor movement," she i
"are scarce In Europe. Orea
tain Is the only country with i
tive organized force ot workir
Always look up th* Fed.
Users before making purcha*
Get -your workmate to sub
for The Federatlonist.
From the depths of bravo, from Russia comes this mcj
terrible of cries
Will You Answer?
The next two months will be the most crucial.   Every
60.000 die of starvation!    Reports coming from Russia pi
pitiful pictures.   Here—the dying aro eating their dead, there]
mothers are drowning their children to silence  their  hei
rending cries for bread.    The Russian   steppes   are   liten
covered with skeletons, the wasted bodies the prey ot wolvj
How many more shall die before TOU act?
Will You Sign the Roll Call
Immense cargoes of food MUST be shipped AT ONCE to i
the starving..  If the powers of the world would grant Sovl
Russia credit and re-establish trade with her; she could hei
herself in this awful crisis.   Until credit is extended TOU IlUfl
HELP.   And lt you have helped before, then you must h<
again and still again I    Those who help now will have aid)
Soviet Russia in her DIREST NEED.
Sign the RoU Call! Give!!
The food your money will buy will carry with it the HOli
CALL BOOK, In which TOUR name MUST appear. Yol
signature in this book will mark a permanent record of yol
true friendship for Soviet Russia, Deposited ln the archives 1
Soviet Russia, the Roll Call Book will constitute a documef
treasured by International Labor and its sympathizers.
201 West 13tb Street, New Tork Oity
Endorsed by the Central Lahor Councils of Chicago, Detroit
Seattle, Taeoma, Toronto, Montreal, Portland, Trenton, Mlnnej
polls, Denver, Ogden, Mansfield, Richmond, Washington, Harl
ford, Blnghamton, Rockford, San Diego, St. Paul, Bellcvilll
Brockton, Los Angeles, and by hundreds of local unions an
other unions and other workers' organizations.
Its officials arc: Advisory Committeo—Win. Z. Foster, Elm<
T. Allison, Ludwig'Lore, Edgar Owens, Max Eastman, Prof. 1
W. L. Dana, Marguerite Prevey, Jay G, Brown, Rose- Faatf
Stokes, Hulet M. Wells, Wm, F. Dunn, J. Louis Engdahl, Denn
E. Batt, Alice Riggs Hunt, Capt. Paxton HIbben, Charles Bake
J. O. Bentall, Robert Minor, Jack Carney, Mary Heaton Vors
Ella Reeve Bloor, Albert Rhys Williams, Elizabeth G, Flynn.
It Ib in your hands whether from Russia shall come the ci
of Joy and laughter this Spring or the terrible silence of
million grave-yards. .
Sign up! Prove your sympathy for Soviet Russia by helpln
to succor its starving millions! Prove that you stand fo
"Hands Off"—except to helpl For this great workers' expen
ment may yet make the dream of all of us come truel
801 Weet 13th Street, New York City
Hy contribution for famine relief ln Soviet Russia I*
a > which sum la herewith enclosed.   Please
Insert thla coupon with my signature In the ROLL CALL
BOOK registering me aa a Mend of Soviet Russia In the
hour of her greatest need.
Street Address
Otyi .:..
(B. O. Federatlonist)
Write to the Friends of Soviet Russia for a page out of thi
Roll Call Bock and secure signatures and contributions ln youi


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