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British Columbia Federationist Mar 23, 1923

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 JR
bRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Industrial unity: strength
Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council Jlnternational)
►POLITICAL UNITY: VIOTOBT
IFIFTEENTH YEAR.  No. 12
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 23,1923
$2.50 PER YEA!
[TRADES COUNCIL
|Object to tKe Schools Being
Closed to Favor Any
Section
(Statement Made by Minister
of Education Causes
Alarm
Any attempt to closo the schools so
that children will be ablo to take part
in gathering the fruit harvest, will b'
opposed by the limit by the Vancouver
Tradea and Labor Council of Vancouver. «
Thia decision was arrived at, after
Delegate Welsh, had read tho follow
Ing news item to the council on Tuesday evening:
Victoria, March IB.—Pupils attending British Columbia public and
high schools may begin their summer vacations two weeks earlier
than usual this year, according to
information given out by Hon. J. D.
MacLean, minister of education.
The government has boen approached oy farmers and fruit-growers in
different districts, who point out
that if thc summer holidays commenced on June 15 and ended Aug.
15, boys and girls would be able to
assist in strawberry picking arid
other work without hindering them
in their studies.
Every year many young folks are
kept out of school, although that is
against the law, to assist in farm
work, and the harvesting of tho
strawberry crop annually demands
more workers than are available.
Dr. MacLean said he had discussed the matter with officials of th*
education department,  who approved tho idea and It is probable that
an  order-in-councll  will  be  passed
making   It   optional   with    school
boards as to when the summer holidays shall commence and end.   In
districts   not    interested   in   fruit-
picking and similar work, the holiday season will probably remain os
it ls,  from tho end of June  until
September 1.
In  bringing tho matter beforo  the
council,  tho mover of the motion io
protest against any such action being
taktm, Hinted that lti~ths-first pla*no,-»lfc
was not right to allow children to go
fruit picking who are of school age,
while at the same time he questioned
\ the  right  of the  minister  of  education to closo down any schools for the
Interests of any section of thd people,
and he moved that the council oppose
any such  scheme.    This motion  was
|* carried without protest.
 AT
H0TEL1C0UVER
Tradei \>ngress Will Meet
in\ <, Room Next
'ember
The   commli
Vancouver Trad
\ppointed   by  the
d Labor Council
■
(Father of "Anise"   Starts
Campaign to Aid German Children
LBy Louis P. Lochner]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Berlin—Am American with a social
conscience who is endearing himself
to German social workers, Is Dr. Sydney Strong of Seattle, father of "An-
'ise,'* who is well known in Labor circles. Strong came through Germany
on a tour around the world that had
flrst taken him to Australia and later
through Bussia. He expected to remain in Germany a few welts, but
found such misery ami such need for
someone to stir America into a real!
gallon of these conditions, that his
visit has extended into months and
the end is not In .sight.
Through his offorts over $1000 was
(collected for Christmas among his
friends and [i'nrlshloners In America.
This money brought {'heor to many a
homo ln Berlin, where Children were
scmi-starvlng from lack of food.
Strong is  now  engaged   In a now
Ij'ompalgn to relieve suffering among
'Berlin children. He has got up n
folder of eight pages, entitled Berlin's
Fight with Diseaso and Poverty, In
which the story of the German tots Is
told in pen pictures and by photos.
"What impressed me," says Strong,
"In  my observations  running over a
!month, Is not spectacular cases of individual poverty; for I think individual
cases and small groups could bo duplicated in London and Now York—
but thc appalling, fnct of a whole population being underfed. It is a terrible sliding of masses toward the broad
lino and bolow—with consequent de-
morallzalion. This Is happening to a
people that are painstaking and patl-
i ently facing the situation with quiet
! heroism."
some time ago td Hige for the re
ception of the dele\ ^ to the Trades
Congress convention, ^ be held ln
Vancouver In September next. In re
porting to the council on Tuesday, it
was stated that the Hotel Vancouver
will be the headquarters of the convention, as the ball-room of that hos-
tlery had been secured as a convention hall, while arrangements had
also been made for committee rooms
ln the same building.
At the meeting of this committee,
held on Saturday last, it was decided
to make the Hotel Vancouver the
headquarters, It being the best organ!
zed house in the city, and at the same
time offering the best facilities for a
convention in view of the fact that
the old Labor Templo, which Is now
the City Technical School, was not
available. This decision was ratified
by the council on Tuesday evening,
and the report of the committee accepted as progress.
Education of Jurors As To
What Violence Means
Objected to
Paintors Open Meeting,
The Pninters and Deuprators will
[ hold another open meeting on April
| 1 I. At the lust im-otlnn. they took In
eleven now members, and lt Li expected that there will be another batch
of recruits secured on the llth. On
April 14, this organisation will hold a
social, and all men who follow the
tyilntlng trade nro urged io attend the
open meeting, and ihey will the" have
an opportunity of attending thc social.
IJtnico Loaves Tor Unpen
J. W. Bruce. Intornutlonal representative of tho Plumbers and Stenniflt-
ters and Helpers, left Vancouver on
Monday evening for Prince Rupert,
where he will attend tt) tho buslnos.'
of the local organization.
American Declaration of Independence Comes Up
for fteview
St. Joseph, Mich.—Vigorous objection by the prosecution to a liberal
education of prospective Jurors on the
question of force and violence marked
the Wm^ Z. Foster criminal syndicalism case~on trial before Circuit Judjjo
Charles K White of Berrien County.
Atty. Humphrey Gray, Benton Harbor millionaire and churchman, who
is associated with Frunk P. Walsh in
the defence of Foster for illegal assembly with an alleged Illegal organization (the Communist Party), asked
the jury panel submitted by the State
what their opinions wcro on violence.
Gray asked whether the Jurors would
bo prejudiced against Foster if Foster
believed that great and desirable social changes had not como In the past
without violence and that the capitalists would not allow the coming
change to enter without violence.
A juror thought he would be prejudiced. Gray theu read the advocacy
of violence contained In the American
declaration of independence, and askod whether the historic document
should not bc suppressed.
The prosecution objected to bring'
ing in the declaration. Gray offered
to read a letter on tho matter written
by Thomas Jefferson. The prosecution
did not want Jefferson's opinions used
to Influenco prospective jurymen.
Gray then touched on the part of
violenco In recent history. Ho showed
how the Communists had removed the
government In Hungary without vio
lence and had then been overthrown
by the capitalists of foroign countries
by violence. He showed how the Socialists in Finland had obtained governmental power by having a majority
of the votes and how the capitalist
minority, aided first by the German
Kaiser and after his overthrow by the
Allies, had taken bloody control of
Finland by violence. Mc showed how
[ho duly elected Socialist legislators
of New York had been thrown out by
their old party colleagues.
This Is history, Gray said, and asked whether jurors would be prejudiced against a man who knew and
taught this history, and on the bnslt.
of it made a forecast that violence is
almost inseparable from great soeial
changes. Again the prn«ceutlon objected.
The jury will probably consist of
ten men and two women.
, William J. Burns' detectives are infesting the city and spreading into the
country districts. Tho State is being
flooded with printed propaganda for
the conviction of Foster. The Detroit
Saturday Night, a weekly open shop
corporation organ circulated throughout Michigan, publishes iu ils latest
numbor a long and rabid dcnuneaillon
of Foster and his co-defendants as Ils
greeting to the opening of the trial.
The artielo, backed by a fantastic
array of alleged facts-supplied by the
Burns oflico at Washington, advises
the community to convict Foster.
TRADES COUNCIL AGAIN TAKES STAND AGAINST
GOVERNMENT IMMIGRATION POLICY AND WILL
OPPOSE MOVE TO FLOOD THE LABOR MARKET
Central Labor Council Will Consider Building of a Labor Temple—Fair Wage Clauses
Are Secured in Harbor Board, as Well as in Exhibition and City Contracts-
Only Union Labor to Be Employed on Public Conveniences Is the
Decision of City Council
THE question of the immigration policy of the Canadian government was brought forcibly to the attention of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Couneil on Tuesday night at the regular meeting, when
President Neelands, for the first time since he has held that offlco, left the chair to make a motion.
On leaving the chair, he stated that he had seen in the loeal press that an emissary was being sent
to the Old Country in connection with the immigration policy of the government. This he stated he
would oppose, and for the reason that any further —Wk of people would only further increase the
unemployed army.
He then moved that the matter be called to the attention of all labor central bodies throughout
Canada. The motion was well received, Delegates Bartlett, Welsh, Bankin, Flynn and Bengough all
supporting the proposal, while no delegate spoke against it.
Delegate Bartlett stated that the Council should protest against anyone being sent to the Old
Country to secure more people for Canada while there was an army of unemployed.
Delegate Welsh said that the Council could not do better than follow out the policy of the Trades
Congress, which was against the open door for immigranpts, and opposed thc idea of sending for more
people while unemployment was rife,
Delegato Rankin stated that the idea of getting all the information into the British Labor papers was
a good one, and that full information should be sent to tlie British workers.
President Neelands in supporting his motion stated. "That the Dominion government was being
assisted by thc Provincial governments in its immigration plans, and while he did uot want lo cast
any reflection on the workers who might be induced tq come to Canada, he suggested that they should
be warned os to the conditions existing in Canada by thc Labor movement.
Delegate Flynn, in discussing the question, called -the attention of the delegates to the fact that
there were two hundred representatives of the ruling class meeting in Rome aud many representing the
American Chamber of Commerce. He also stated that if the workers were united on an International
basis and in the International Labor movement, then something could be done, but that until such
time as the Canadian Labor movement was linked up with a real live International Labor movement,
there would be nothing done but the passage of pious resolutions.   The motion of President Neelands
LABEL COMMITTEE
EA
V. li. I\ Socinl
The Federated Labor Party will
hold a Noehil -and dance on Friday,
April fl, at the Maple Hull. BSiiO Fraser Street. Thoro will be tlie usual
features of a social. Including Insiru-
montal and vocal numbors, and
speeirhon by tho following! U. H. Neelands, M. h. A.; Aldcrmnn K. P. Pettlplece, Dr. Lyle Tolford and Tom
ltlchardinn. Dancing frill also bo Indulged In, and the committee In
charge expect a largo turnout, as all
tastes will he catered to nnd refreshments will he providod. A collection
will bo tilken to defray the expenses,
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
was then adopted without dissent,
Later in tho evening the immlgra-'
Hon question was again brought to the |
attention of the delegates, when the
copies of the lettors sent to the British
Lahor press, and tho chief whip of the'
Labor Party, were read by Secretary
Bengough.   Thoy read as follows:
To the Chief AVhlp, Labor Party,
House of Parliament,
London, England.
Dear Sir and Brother:
At a meeting of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, held on
March 6, it was decided that, owing
to the Immigration schemes of the
Canadian government, and the shipping companies, nnd the unemployed
situation in this country, that all Labor papers In Great Britain should be
notified as to the acUjal conditions,
prevailing In Canada.
At this time of writing, there aro
thousands of workers unemployed in
Canada. Farmers are unable to sell
their produce, and the Labor market
is glutted.
The organized Labor movement in
this country would welcome any British workers who are trades unionists,
if there was work for them, but there
is not, and until such time as there is
an improvement in the industrial and
agricultural conditions In Canada, British workers should refuse to be gulled by the advertisements of either
the Canadian government or the
steamship companies, who both seek
to keep the wages of the workers nl
the lowest possiblo point and encourage the open shop. In other words,
the non-union elements in this country.   Fraternally yours,
P. R. BENGOUGH,
Secretary.
Another question of more than passing interest to the organized Labor
movement of Vancouver was brought
forward  hy Delegate  Cory,  when  he
tween the unemployed, and the couneil
had decided to request the council to
form a Federal Labor Union.
Delegate  Showier  stated  that  the
result of the joint meeting was another
pointed .out that a Joint meeting be-f meeting in the Empress theatre, and
that this meeting had been a ilasco,
and that as yet the unemployed had
made no attempt to organize the unskilled workers.
Delegate Flynn pointed out that the
matter had been taken up by the
building trades committee, and that
this committee had thought that the
mass meetings to be called by the
council, would be the right place to
boost such an organization.
President Neelands also stated that
the executive had the matter of the
formation of a Federal Union and the
holding of mass meetings under advisement.
Lahor Hull Site
On a motion made by Delegate
Showier, the executive was instructed
to appoint a committee qf two to :^e
port on the question of securing a site
for a Labor Tomple. In making hii
motion, Delegate Showier stated that
the couneil was paying $3000 per yoar
ln rent, and it wos like throwing a
brick into tho Burrard Inlet. He
urged the building of a Labor Hall,
and,for this reason, he advocated the
committeo being appointed.
Delegate Welsh supported the motion, which was passed without opposition,
The per capita tax question was
again before the council, but in view
of the fact that there was not a sufficient majority to carry the proposed
amendment, it was lost, but another
amendment was proposed by Delegate
Hartmire, who made a notice of motion to tho effect that the per capita
he reduced to" two and a half cents
por member, Instead of five. This motion will be discussed at the next meeting.
Puir Wage Clauses
Fair wage clauses and their operation came in for considerable discus-
{Continued on page •!)
Local Workers Wish to Aid
Children in the Famine
Areas of Russia
Imagine, if you can, four or five
million children whose parents hav
diod in war or faniine, wandering
about a country riding free.on railroad
trains, trying to exist by begging and
stealing, and finally drifting into the
city of New York or Montreal, at the
rate of 40,000 a day.
This Is a state of things seen by
Anna Louise Strong in Moscow, while
investigating the orphan homes in
Ilussla. The picture is hard for the
mass of people in this golden west to
conceive, even by the greatest stretch
of imagination.
It is for the maintenance of 1000
of theso children In the orphans'
homes in Russia that the F. S. R. in
Vancouver are at present bending
thoir energies in various directions,
one of which is a hard times dance, to
be held in tho Clinton hall, March 31.
So turn up and havo a good time, at
tho same time help to support the orphans of Russia. Prize's will bo glim
for the best characters.
(■■■■■■■■"■■I"!"!"*"'--!"*"**-*^*"*-**^'**"*"*1''*'*'*'
OTTAWA NOTES
pOR THE PAST WEEK, and fort
■■■ some time to como, the House has
and will spend considerable time ln
"supply." Tlio ministers bring down
their estimates, which are discussed
before tho House in committeo of the
whole. Thla means thai there is more
freedom of discussion. Questions may
bo asked and a membor may speak
sevoral times on the same subject,
The greatest advantage is the publicity which may he gained. Tlie government, of course, Is fairly sure of lis
majority, and alter questions havo
been askcil and criticisms made, tho
item Is carried. Occasionally an amendment is offered) looking to the culling down of some Item, but it is almost invariably voted  down.
Indeed tho whole thing is rathor
farcical.i In tho ilrst place, tho whole
business of the House Is hold up while
thoso estimates are undor discussion.
Most of the mombors can of necessity
know very little of lho details of tho
various departments. What do tho
farmers of tho prairies know of thc
harbors of (he Atlantic or the Pacific?
What do lho ohy (bombers know of
the details of the administration of
agricu Un rol affairs? Tho rosult is thai
tho majority of thc members of tho
Houso »re absent the greater part of
tho time. Thoso w!\o remain are really helpless tn accomplish anything.
The most thoy can do if* lo hold up
tho passing of tho item while they
raise some objection to the wny In
Which the affnirs of the department
havo beon ndniinislerod.
Many expenditures arc authorized
by statute. Those, of course, pass as a
mattor or courso, A few Items may
givo an idea of the scalo on which wo
pay our public officials: Snlary of
Chief .lusilco of Canada. $ 1 r>.000; salary of Provincial Chief Justice;., $10,-
000; salary of Judges, JflOOO.
Under "Pcnllenliarlos," we note
thai. Halartes and retiring nllowancos
amounl to $ 172,500. In contrast to
this, tho asslsianco to pnrolo and dls-
chnrgr Inmates is $.too.
The cost of legislation comes high.
[BY   .1.  S.   WOODSWORTH]
Around the parliament buildings
themselves, wo note a great army of
messengers, members of the prole
live service, panes find servants of all
kinds. One hem will suifico to show
tho etravagant scalo on which members of parliament maintain them
.solves while In Ottawa-.- The joint res
taurant, exclusively for the use of
member.** of the House of Commons
nnd the Senate, will enst this year in
tho vicinity of $80,000. The beautiful
dining-room is tree, lighting and heating free, furnishings frey. Of these
latter, the cut loi y alone cost somo
$110,000, The members pny 76c or $1
for an ordinary meal, and at the ond of
the session aro supposed to give something In the Way nf grfi.tUitlOS, Vet
over and above nil this, tho pooplo
throughout the country are taxed ?3i..-
000 to keep up this sorvice.
Last year and thla a very excellent
little cafeteria bas boon provided,
whore one may obtain n very fair meal
for tho modest sum of 85c. Homo of
the Senators i-lgorously objected to
the establish men i of such a cheap
Joint In the buildings.
Or turn over in ibe department of
public works.    We notice the follow-]
ing Hems for lhe maintenance of OU om
tawa public buildings: Water, $30,000;  vet
elevator attendance.  $3,000;   lighting.! err
$83,000;    healing,    $3SO,000;     Ridoauj     i
Hall, (tlie residence of the Governor- tht
Oeneral), $700,000, with an extra at-1 Th
lowance for fuol nnd light nf $ii).ooo
olephone service, jsa.ooo.
Further on  down  in  public work
xpendiltfros, wo have » mlnoellaneou
ollociioii.    The architectural brand
will cost thin year481,1-00; the ongl
ring   braneh.   $Hl.r.,000.     The   \n
tlonal gallery, on which wns expondo.
last year,' $50."00. Is lo cost this year
$100,000.   Sir Edmund Walker, ehnlr
man nf lho committeo, says that then
nre somo bargains in old pictures li
Kurope which we should secure, bene
tho extra $ri0,000.
Further to encourage the develop
'mont of lho Esthetic and patriotic,
we are lo bave a number more monuments in Ottawa. This year another
,$3fj,000 is set aside for the monument
to Sir Wilfred Laurier, and $r,000 for
a tablet to the memory of a member
of parliament who lost his lire in tha
tiro which destroyed ihe old parliu-l
incut buildings, it cannot bo nacor-
talned that tbis gentleman, howovor,
estimable, did anything of sny very
particular value to the country. 11
vould not hai call attention to the
fact that a great many Canadian citizens have lost their Uvea in industry,
from coast to coast, and lhat tho country wns not making nny provisions fur
similnr monuments to their memory.
Another $11000 is dovoted toward
further completing the monument to
Ills Majesty Klnj. Edward VII,    Then,
on top of this comes u preliminary
grant or $10,000 for a national monument on Connaught Place. This
amount, we are told, ls to bo applied
irurd the securing of plans for some
y fine monument which win com-
moniie Confederation, nnd espeolal-
the pnrt that Canada took In the
last Oreat Wnr. Here again I ventured to register nn objection to the
effect that until the returned men
wore providod for, mnny of whom nro
out of work- arid tbelr wives on the
verge of dost Un Hon, wo should not
creel any more monuments In stone, ;
due bus a son of helpless fooling as
i large Items ji re hurriedly passed,
payment Cor thom all must oome'
out of the pockets of lhe men and
women throughout the country, who
today In their ordinary lives, hardlyj
know bow to make intih ends meet.
It, Is easy onough for a minister horoi
lo speak of tho value of art and archl-i
locturo, It seems nlmost moan and
unpatriotic to object to those expenditures, yet wo cannot but think of the
bome folk who will never too Ottawa,
and who often ennnot givo their chil-1
dren nny education that will ennblo
them to nppreclnte the cultural iblligB
In life.
Ottawn.  March 13,  1023.
Final Dance for Season Will
Be Held on April
20th
The Label Committee of tho Vancouver Trades and Labor Council reports that the last dance held on the
16th, was the best yet, and that In
addition to the boosting of the union
label, there will be a flnanclal surplus.
The next dance will be held at the
Alexandra dancing pavilion on April
'20. This will be the last dance of thc
season, and the Hotel and Restaurant
Employees will participate.
L, Eldred was the lucky holder of
the ticket which entitled him to a
tailor-made unton suit, while the
prizes for the whist drive were as follows; First, ladles, Mrs. Henderson;
2nd, ladles, Mrs. Schurman, and the
consolation prize went to Mrs. War-
dale. The winners of the gentlemen's
prizes were: First prize, W. Page; 2nd,
Charles Hansen, while the consolation
prize was won by W. J. Taylor.
You may wish to help The Federatlonist. You can do so hy renewing
your subscription promptly and send
ing ln the subscription of your friend
or neighbor.
LIKELYTO BE
Russians Recognize Seriousness of Robbery of
"State"
Trusted Officials May Be
Called to Pay Price
of Perfidy
[By Anise]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Moscow—A graft trial has opened
1-n-Moeoow which muyuntt In the death
penalty for some of the twenty-eight
defendants
Conspiracy on the part of several
high officials in the Centrosoyus (Central Co-operatives), together with a
business man named Shane, is charged, with Intent to defraud the State
for privato gain, by diverting large
sections of tho State flsh business Into
a private trust namod Ribac.
Shortly after the new economic policy began, more than a year ago, Shane
began business with about $100, and
within a few weeks was operating)
with 20 times this sum, He made1
connections witli oillelals In tho Centrosoyus, which had at that time the I
monopoly contract for disposing of all
llsh caught by tho government llsher-
les, whieh are the mnin largo scale1
fisheries In Hussla.
Through bis confederates, Shane
learned regularly the price at which
the Centrosoyus was willing to sell
flsh, and then offered this flsh himself
at a higher price to tho looal co-operatives, while his confederates kept
back the offers from tho Cenlrosoyus.
When Shane got ordors ho banded
them over, as if coming direct from
thc local co-operatives, got permits on
that basis, thus Inserting himself as
middleman and pocketing the difference In price. He also kopi for long
periods tho sums advanced by purchasers, speculating on money which
hnd been sont lo tbo Centrosoyus.
A few montbs later, becoming richer   and   bolder,   tbe   group   organized
Klbac, a private flshlrtg corporation,
whioh aimed to control the market of
Moscow. They intercepted goods sent
to tho Centrosoyus and handled iho
business   themselves,   evon   stealing
Idlers whicb mlghl hnve implicated
tbem.
Graft nf this kind, involving officials
iu control of public business nnd prl
vitegos, Is regarded in ItUHsla as "oeo
P. P. Cosgrove Reports Conditions Better Than
Expected
No  Friction  Exists   and
Sickness Is Not
Extensive
[By Robert Dunn}'
(For the Federated Press)
Moscow—P. P. Cosgrove, Americas
director of the Kuzbas colony, hae arrived in Moscow from the Kusnetz
basin and the Urals, He reports that
conditions In the colony are much better than he had expected, and that the
engineering programme, both at Kem-
epovo and at the Nadejdenski ateel
plant is progressing quite satisfactorily.
He also reports that the. stories concerning Kuzbas carried to America by
the "White Feather1' group have stirred the 400 American workers to both
laughter and scorn.
There Is no sickness at the camp at
present and the most that have been
sick at any one time, according to Cosgrove, was seven, a figure that compares very well with other Ameriean
groups that have come to Russia for
relief or reconstruction work during
the past two years;
Another letter Cosgrove had in his
pocket was from MoDonald, the mine
superintendent, who in outlining the
system of management now In operation at Kemerovo, writes: "As mine
superintendent I take part ln every
meeting of the miners' union, consulting with the men on all problems that
arise, and there has been, so far, not a
single case of friction between men
and management, either Individually
or collectively."
McDonald addB tbat the reason for
this Is probably the fact thot tbe entire technical staff ln the field sympathizes and endorses the ideals and
aims of the working class.
Tho same lotter from McDonald tells
that tho acute stages of the housing
situation have been passed and that
another winter will flnd the members
of the colony woll quartered and reasonably comfortablo. "One by one we
■are Burmounting the obstacles thar
confront us; day by day the outlook
brightens."
The government \\nn provided all
the members of the colony with outer-
woor for the Siberian winter. This
equipment consists of sheepskin coats
and folt boots.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
nnd    ir,.li
The criminal code carrl
es penalties
aa rflgh :is (loath m tlio pr
Inclpal par-
tlclpnnts. especially if iho
' hnvo heen
trusted offlclals.
open Forum
Mr.   Howard   Goodwin,
sludonl   nf
tho   University  ot  British
Columbia,
will he lh. spoakor ai tho
upon forum
mooting in tho Workers
[■arty hull.
son  Pendor Strool   Wool,
on Sundoy
next .it   3   p.m,     Mis silliji
id  will  I.-:
•'Tin' Origin nnd Hie Pun
><>. ' il,,
.tut..."
smoking Concert
A smoking concert will lie hold in
lho W. 1*. Hall 3()r. Ponder Streot West
on Monday evening. March 26.   Owing
in the exlgoncldi
of
the
limes, It wilt
be a prohibition
aff
ilr.
flood  enter-
Ifilninent will bo
pro
vid(
d, and every-
body will bo ex...
ete.
to
bring bis own
tobacco, as ihorc
wil
ho
no chargo for
admission.
Will Hold Joinl Dance
The Milk Salesmen and Dairy Bmployoes nnd the Bakery Ki-le.Htnon will
hold a Joinl whist drive nml dance at
the Cotillion Hull on April 17. Tbe
charge fnr admission Will bo 3."> coins,
and tickets can be secured from uny
member of either organization. Ask
your milkman or your bakery salesman if they have llckelw; If not, yod
oan thon ask them whero their curds
aro and you will soon lenrn If Ihoy
nre union men or not.
Federated Labor Party Will
Also Hold Convention
on Sunday
The usual propaganda meeting of
the Federated Labor Party will b«
held at 8 p.m. on Sundny night, the
speaker being Angus Mclnhis; hia subject: "An Bducattona) Survey from n
Worker's Point ill  View."'As Comrade
Mclnnis is a Labor representative on
the Vancouver Board nf . chiinl Trustees, he should have .sonicihlnii Interesting to say on the question of the
educational activities of the ruling
clnss, mid thc relation which they
hnve in connection with lhe workdiK
class movement.
In the afternoon; there will bc a
convention nf the party nl 148 Cordova Street West, where ihe propaganda meoting will nlso he luid. and
all frlonds nnd members of lhe party
nte invjtod le attond both the ,'nllven-
tloti nnd    tlie    propaganda mooting'.
Tl miveniion will start at 2:80 p.m.
and u roport from a special committeo will lie presented for consideration.
Iliillillng IV lis
MiiiiIi      15—400     IhlHlltlKS     West.
HodgBOn. King ,*i Noble, alterations,
Sli.uii; l-ir,--Mill Ave. Wost, Hlg-
gen & Johnson, dwelling, Of>oo.
March 18—128—Uth Ave. West. A.
Pellle. dwelling, $-7f,0; 730 Granville,
D. Burns, odico, »f,ooo.
March 17— _fi7—-2nd Ave. Bast, V.
\V. B, Smith, dwelling, S2000; 2085--
1st Ave. ]Oust. W. Scudamore. dwelling, $2300; 2070—Ist Ave. \V.. W.
Scudamore, dwelling, 12000; 2718 Oxford SI., A. Minikin, dwelling, $2000;
2881—8th Avo. West, A. P. Crisp,
dwolllng, »3000; 2871—8th Ave Wost,
A. P. Crisp, ihvclllntr, J3000; 707—llth
Ave. East, Sklnulck Ltd,, dwolllng,
J.1000; 1131—16th Ave. West, Ird C.
Jones, dwolllng, 53500; 2919 Georgia
Bast, It. 11. ltruce, dwolllng, »!600;
920—13th Ave. WeBt, A. B, Tnylor,
dwelling, »3n00; COO 11 Ik Granvillo,
Hudson's Bay Co. alterations, 00,-
000.
March 20—800—12111 Ave. Wost,
Mill Cut Homes, dwelling, f4000.
March 21—70 Cjiaslnr SI.. W. A.
Drowning, dwelling, $2000.
P.iiililin- Trades Committee
The Building Trades Committee of
the Vnncouver Trados nnd Labor
Council will be held In room 30fi—319
Pender Hlrect West, at 8 p.m.. on
Wodhosday next. The purpose of the
meeting, is lo arrango for mass moet-
Ingn fur the building trndes.
Patronize Fodoratlohlsl advertisers. PAGE TWO
FIFTEENTH YEAH.    NO. ;    BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST    VANCOUVER. R g
FRIDAY , March 23,  192
BBITISH COLUMBIA FEIEUTIIIII
Published every Friday morning by Tbe B. C. Federationist
Business Office;   1120 Howe Street
Editorial   Offlce:    ltoom   300—310   Pender   Street   West
Editorial Board:   P. It. Bengough,  It. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, Georgo Bartley
Subscription Kato: United States and Foreign. 53.00 per
year; Canada, $2.50 per year, $1.50 i'or six months; to
thi Ions subscribing In a body, 10c per member per
month,
*-___*>
Unity of Lnhor:   The IIoiic of the World
..Mnrch  23.  1028
Island Miners and Class Rule
ONCE again the danger facing the miners of Vancouver Island, in their daily worlt, has been
brought to our attention, this time not by a disaster, but by two eases heard in the police court where
two workers were charged with violation of the
Mines Regulation Act. It will be noticed that in
the first place thc men charged with the violations
wcro workers, and in the second ease thai onc was
a white man, and thc other a Chinaman. The white
man got a fine of ton dollars, while the Chinaman
was given thirty days, without the option of a fine.
These cases were brought to our attention by two
miners from Cumberland. We are not at liberty to
give their names, but we are in a position to vouch
for their veracity, and in addition to that, are able
to state that the press in the pay of the mine owners
of Vancouve* Island published the story as to the
trials, and that the "culprits" appeared before
Magistrate Baird.
The striking feature of the first hearing of one of
tho charges is, however, that the witnesses for the
prosecution were never summoned to appear, as the
following extract from thc Nanaimo Herald will
prove:
After the charge was read out, the Magistrate
asked the accused to plead, when he tendered
s plea o_ not guilty. Nat Bevis, fireboss, who
laid the charge, was asked to give evidence for
th« prosecution, and to proceed with the ease,
but he stated that many witnesses were named
for the prosecution, but none had been summoned, and he did not feel inclined to proceed
with tho case until all the witnesses appeared
in court. At this point, Provincial Constable
Dunbar stated to the court that he was willing
to take the blame of not having summoned witnesses. Mr. Bevis had told him that he had witnesses to appear, but they had not ben summoned.
Mr. Charles Graham, District Superintendent
of the Canadian Colierics Company, then asked
the Magistrate for an adjournment until Friday, which was granted.
Two days later, to be correct, on March 9th, the
trials were conducted, when the white man who had
previously pleaded not guilty, pleaded guilty to
the charge. Mr. Jackson, district inspector of
mines, had given Ms opinion that it was a serious
case, and Mr. Charles Graham, superintendent of
the Canadian Collieries asked to be given the privilege of saying a few words beforc the magistrate
passed sentence, stated that he did not agree with
Mr. Jackson as to the testing of lamps, which the
act required tho fireboss to do. The magistrate
then inflicted a fine of ten dollars on this man. The
Chinaman was later given a sentence of thirty days
for having a key to his electric lamp in his possession.
The sentence imposed on these two workers for a
violation of thc Coal Mines Regulation Act may be
in accord with the law. They may even be the limit
which the law can impose, but there is a discrepancy
between them, and there is also the fact to bc considered, that when the employers violate the very
act under whieh these workers were charged, there
arc no police court eases; there are no police court
cases when a number of men are killed through the
laok of proper ventilation in thc mines; there are no
eases against thc employors under any circumstan<
ces, or as in 1913, when the miners struck because
of discrimination against the members of the gas
committee, thc militia was called out to protect the
property of the mine owners.
*        *        *
Newspapers may rave and state that it is in the
interests of the mine-owners to protect their property against disaster, but thc fact remains, that
the chief and most valuable property of the mine-
owners is their slaves. But they do not have to
protect them, as there are lots of them to be obtained for thc asking; and if they are not in the
eountry, there is a large surplus of unemployed the
world over to draw on. Private property may be
protected, but human lives are a negligible quantity, when the interest., of the. ruling class are considered. In thc meantime, while two men have
been sentenced, one to a fine ami the other to goal,
we wonder what happened to lhat investigation into
the disaster at Cumberland, nnd another one whicli
the premier promised, in 1919, on n disaster
which oeourred in tho Grows Nest Puss some
years before. Police court cases for workers violations of the, Mines Regulation Act, and immunity
for the employers. And then we have our politicians talking about class legislation, and the danger
of class laws, lt is too funny for words, but the
workers lack the humor to sec the fun in the proposition, although thoy lose their lives in supplying
their masters with the humor, the fun and the luxuries to wliich they fall heir to; because of a stupid
working elass being unable to understand "class
laws" and all that they mean.
possible not expected. In a motion, Philip Snowden
condemned the capitalistic system, and advocated
the nationalization of industry. There may have
been more in the motion, than we have expressed,
but that was the gist of it.
*       *       *
But governments aro formed for the purpose of
governing, and they at times, even govern parliament, ns thc premier announced beforc the debate,
which lasted two and three-quarter hours, stated
that the debate would bc resumed after thc Easter
recess. *        *        *
But all Labor members are not alike. And Philip
Snowden, while an old-timer at the game, may be so
.'ar behind the times that he imagines that the nationalization of industry is the goal of thc workers.
That may be why he only got a chance at a corner.
But thc rqily of the British government's representative shows that he is a cold, calculating capitalist,
ind we ean do no better to elucidate this point than
reproduce the following press report of the debate
between Philip Snowden and the "gentleman" referred to.   It reads as follows:
Philip Snowden's attack on the capitalistic
system in the House of Commons, Tuesday, has
captured, to an extraordinary degree, tho interest of thc nation.
Snowden made a brilliant speech, proving that
ho has no superior as an orator in thc House.
His lucidity and power of marshalling facts,
made a great impression on his hearers. Members of the ministry were among those who congratulated him enthusiastically at the conclusion of his' speech.
Sir Alfred Mond, who answered Snowden for
the government, is a millionaire Jew, cynical,
scornful and unsentimental. He said capitalism had always existed, and always would exist,
and he considered that its great virtue was that
it could eliminate inefficients by means of the
bankruptcy courts.
Snowden himself is greatly surprised at the
interest taken in the debate, which will be re- '
sumed after Easter.  He has attacked the capitalistic system a hundred times with equal eloquence, and much the same facts.
Snowden is a moderate Socialist, and is a convinced idealist. His face bears the marks of
physical pain which always afflicts him, and
wuhich makes it necessary for him to lean
against a table or desk when speaking.
. _ ■'."•    if
Philip Snowden is a man that can always command a hearing. He has, as stated in the above news
item, eloquence, but while he may imagine that the
nationalization of industry will cure the ills of the
workers, what of his opponent who stated "that
capitalism had always existed." What of the cynicism of a man whom the workers have made rich.
His nationality concerns us not; but it is the elass
which he represents and the power whieh it possesses which concerns the workers. But slaves can
never take that from that class by nationalization
of industry so long as the power of state rests in the
hands of the bourgeoisie. This is a point that Philip
Snowden may have missed, but one which the workers aro daily becoming cognizant of. The political
power is the first objective for the workers, the rest
will follow as it is doing in Russia.
The Work of Broken Men
*j
"Kicking" and the Goal Sought
THE MASTUR CLASS at this too has nil it can
think of without working class representatives
causing trouble. In fact, the bolstering up of the
present system seems to bo a job that the world capitalists are not only afraid that they cannot do, but
a task whieh may cause their downfall.
* * «y-
But Labor men are poryersc animals anyway.
They kick at times, but the only fault wc have to
find with them, is that they usually kick at something that does not mntter. This has bcen called
to our attention during the past week. It appears
that Philip Snowden, a weak kicker, has kicked in
the Britiah Mouse of Commons. His registered kick,
however, only netted a corner, for he did not aim for
the goal.      '.*.*•■■-•■-..*
But in spite of thc Weakness of the kick, wc must
admit that he took a kick, wkick brought results
The International Ruling Class
Objective
READERS OP THE DAILY PRESS on Thursday,
would note that the ruling class of the world is
organizing internationally, in order to curtail the
activities of Labor organizations. The programme
set forth reads as follows:
The resolution set forth that it was increasingly clear that national wealth depended for its
increase on expanding the production of each
worker, and urged to that end:
First—Enlargement of production by every
invention calculated to aid the economic
aspect of such production.
Second—Elimination of artificial restrictions
prescribing the amount of work to be done by
each worker, or thc output.
Third—Stimulation of individual effort by
personal remuneration.
Fourth—Maintenance of governmental policies which encourage existing industries and
create new industries especially by fair policies
of taxation.
Fifth—Adoption of governmental policies
which give the incentive to a policy of security
in the enjoyment of earnings and of exceptional
ability.
Sixth—Recognition pf the advantages of private ownership as contrasted with State ownership.
Seventh—The taking of immediate steps in order that men engaged in non-productive pursuits may bc diverted at the earliest possible
moment to productive labor.
This resolution came from the American section
of thc International Chamber of Commerce, now
sitting at Rome. It depicts the attitude of the capitalist elass towards the workers, and indicates that
there will be a still further onslaught on thc wages
and conditions of labor on tho American Continent.
And yet we have men wbo are supposed to understand the Labor movement, who foster a purely
Canadian Labor movement idea? They do this at a
time when Labor was never more productive; when
the workers are out of work because they have
produced too much, and the working class is starving because of its productivity. To tbat type of men
all we have to say at this time is that instead of attempting to disrupt thc Labor movement by imbecile
policies, they should be engaged in building up a
movement capable of resisting a united ruling elass
which governs, not only Canada and the United
States, but the entire industrial and financial world.
[By Lucy L. Woodsworth] *
\ LITTLE booklet of quo tat Ions, en-
■**■ titled "What's AVhat," lias recently
been put Into my hand. Among others
Ih the following from Canon Scott of
Quebec:
"If on a nation's throne today,
Our country takes her seat,
It is the work of broken men
That pass us in the street."
Why continue to deceive ourselves?
The plain truth about the broken men
that pass us in tlie street is that they
are the victims of our nation's blind
acquiescence ln the policies of the real
rulers of Britain during tho war.
What did the avorage Canadian
know as to the real reasons for which
he was called upon or forced to give
up his all and lake part lu the general slaughter over there in Kurope?
Did he know that it was because a few
hereditary diplomats ln tho British
cabinet had entered into a secret
agreement years before that ln the
event of war betwoen France and
Germany, England would back
France? Did he know that France
was committed lo back Russia to the
extent that tlm mobilization of the
Russian arm^w'as to he the sign for
France?   He did not.
Millions of these "broken men"
went out in the exaltation of self-sacrifice, willing to lay down their lives;
willing not to die but to face the possibility of dragging through the re-
Two   Agricultural  Unions
Join Forces for Added
Protection
[By Gertrude Haessler]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Tokio—The greatest Labor organization over formed in this country ls
the result of the amalgamation of the
two main agricultural Labor unions.
Between 45% and 50% of all farmers in Japan are tenant farmers. Disputes   between  tenant  and   landlord
have increased so that drastic measures are contemplated by the government to keep the young men on the
farms.
The farmer boys have another solution. The farmers are forming a
strong Industrial union, with the pur*
pose of eventually owning all the land,
and also getting all the product of
their labor. Until recently all agricultural labor agitations have been
directed by the two leading agricultural organizations, with their headquarters ln Tokio and Osaka. Representatives of each organization have
met and formulated a plan to consolidate.
The farmers claim there is special
danger this year to their Interests because of the bumper crop and consequent low price. The men think it
queer that the more they produce, the
less they get, and in conseqeneue many
of the younger men are drifting to the
cities. The new organization counts
in its membership not only the former
members of the two main groups, but
hundreds who have regained Interest
in their profession.
The first aim Is a general and permanent reduction of rent equal to
30%. Several men are already tour-
ing the country lecturing on the necessity of this move.
EVERY READER CAN HELP
Every reader of The Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
they are due* and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It dees not take
much effort to do this.   Try It
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48 ft   CORDOVA STREET  EAST
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
mainlng years of life a wreck; willing
to give their bodies of mere flesh and
blood to form a front at the mercy of
explosives to which they were but as
tissue papor before the raging of a
tempest. They were willing because
they bolieved that this was the war to
end wars and to bring a real peace in
l world that has never had peace before.
Ten millions wero slaughtered outright, but of tho "broken men" that
remain, only a fraction pass us in the
stroet. For the rest you must visit
the asylums, our tubercular farms,
our homos, humble and otherwise,
whero "father" still has his place, It is
true, but where is former mentality,
spirit and powers are so dulled tbnt
the old companionship is Impossible,
and tho home Is brokon beyond all
hope.
And what of It all—tho sacrifice o
young manhood and womanhood In all
tho glory of their primo? There are
thoso who know it from the first, but
few would listen to them. Now such
a mass of evidence has been adduced
that none but those who are not willing to face thc truth can fail to know
that the war was not what It professed
to be—not a war of liberation, but a
war resulting from greed, jealousy nnd
imperial ambition.
And what of the next war? What of
our children? Are we, tho mon and
women of the present day, are wo to
sleep and rise and eat and drink, to
play and work, merely fill in tho daily-
round, while men In high places of
power and trust, but without tho
knowledge of what are the true values
of life, lay the train for the next war,
because of which our sons, now glad
and strong in the joy of living, shall
become the "broken men that pass us
in the street?"
At the Orpheum
A dance revue, with a number of
vocal numbers included, giving it the
flavor of a young musical comedy, Is
coming to the Orpheum thoatre next
-ORPHEUM-
COM. WED. EVE., MABOH 28
Tont Nighta and Three Matlneea
DOH VALBBIO a OO.
LEONA THUBBEB ud HABBT
MADISON
PABL   LINDSAY'S   DANOE   OBEA-
 TION3 Of 1923	
HABD ONTJKI
HAL SKBLLET ln The MotMl Man
 BOLLEY ti LAIBD _
THB SHEIK—Direct from Arabia
Mate: 15c to 65c: Nlghte: 250 to 11
Twica Dally, 8:30 and 1:10
Closes at 6 p.m.
Store Opens at _ a.m. and
Betty Bead Necklaces
"Betty Bead" Necklaces are entirely new
—just created, and now offered for the
first time. They consist of long strands
of small or medium sized beads to match
or harmonize with apparel of various
shades—smart enough to be worn with
street or sports costumes—dainty enough
to be worn with afternoon or evening
frocks or blouses. A choice of such colors as rose, jade, red, coral, lapis, yellow,
lavender, old ivory, rust, silver and also
black.  Three styles—$1.50 each..
—Drysdale's Jewelry Shop, First Floor
DANCING
Every Mon-, Wed. and Sat. Evening!
THE NEW ALEXANDRA
DANCING PAVILION
804 HORNBY ST. Opp. Court Houae
Arthur Frith & Co.
MEN'S AND BOYS' FURNISHINGS—HATS, BOOTS and
SHOES
2S13 Main Street
Between   Seventh   and   Eighth
Men's Leather Boots, to size 11,
with or without Neo- 0*_  _?i\
lln sole; to clear <J)«5«Ol/
Heavyweight   Muleskin   Gloves.
Saturday Q(J
for    OOC
Men's   Union-made   Black   Bib
Overalls (less than wholesale).
rr.d:r $1.50
Bulldog Khaki Coveralls.    Saturday (one
for , «P__l.t/0
Currle  Raincoat   (samples):  to
t". $6.00
Men's (Imt. IrlBh Frieze) Over-
T:. $3.50
Phone Fairmont 4859
week. It Is called "Dance Creations;
of 1923," and features Virginia Smith,;
the Ryan Sisters nnd Wnlter Booth.
Then thero are four lively steppers,
Alice Tyrell, Doris Vinton, Charline
Essley nnd Violet Larrus. The attraction Is richly staged and costumed.
The special musical score is by Ernest Qolden.
Earl Lindsay, who is well known
around the East for his musical tabloid production, is the sponsor for this
net. It ls his Initial vaudeville venture, but he is mnking his debut with
a whirlwind creation, for it has been
lavishly praised wherever lt has been
presented as a featured attraction in
vaudeville.
<tOC SPRING COATS d»OC
V^O SPRING SUITS 9-*D
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the   New  "Materials—the   New
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Civic   Government    $1*00
Municipal   Government   In   European Cities    - $2.00
American Cities, how governed..$1.60
Munlclpal  Studies,   Lewis 60
The Now Civics    $1.00
Progress and Poverty, Henry
Goorge  „   $1.60
Christianity and the  Social
Crisis    $1.86
The Study of Sociology, Spencer$1.60
Economio   Liberty  $1.60
Principles of Education, Bolton..$8.00
The Moaning of Education,
Butler    _   $1.60
Educational   Reformers    $1.60
And 1,000,000 other books.
EDUCATIONAL
BOOK SUPPLY
4, 441 SEYMOUR STREET
VANOOUVER, B. C.
Mall orders solicit.-.    Send for onr
catalogue.
The Vancouver Sun, discussing thc aggressiveness
of Lftbor in tho British House of Commons, says:
"If Labor knew history, it would know that improvements do not eome with a rush." It might
nlso be snid that if Labor knew history, not as she
is spoken hy the ruling class, but ns it should be
written, with a view to truth, Labor would also
realizo that the workers will only get improvements
when they arc capable of taking them.
Thc same paper uggests that the world is very old.
We hardly realized this, but arc willing to accept
tho suggestion. But in thc days of our youth, when
we used to believe all that was told us, we were
under the impression that man was made in a very
short time. But, we are glad to know, on information supplied by tbe Sun, that it took the Deity
800,000,000 years to make man. and can only wonder that some of the men are not more sane than
to allow thcir rulers to skin them and then throw
tbem into goal if they object to the skinning process.
Health—Peace—Plenty
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AT THE HINDU TALISMAN COTTAGE
123, LOWER CIRCULAR RD. CALCUTTA (INDIA)
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BABBISIBU, BOLIOITOBS. BIO.
401401 Metropolitan Bulldln,
037 Bartow St. W. VANCOUVER. B. O.
Telephonea: Btytaant 6064 ud 0067
Ring np Phone Seymour UH
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Snlu>   301   Dominion   Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
COAL
YALE BOOTLESS
AND NANAIMO
Kindling Free
CANADIAN WOOD AND
COAL OOMPANT
1440 ORANVILLE  Sey. 53*0
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1160 Georgia Street
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7:80 p.m.
Sunday school immediately following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
mooting, 8 p.m. Free roading nom,
901-003 Birks Bldg.
B. F. Harrison 8. A, Perry
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING 00., LTD.
AMBULANCE SERVICE
23B XDNMWAY       VAJ-OOUVEfi, B.O.
Phone Falraone 68
HIST  DRIVES
GET YOUR OFFICIAL PROGRESSIVE
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
ONE DOLLAR ($1.00) A HUNDRED, AT
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
IF IT'S
Kirk's Coal
—IT-
DOES LAST LONGER
COSTS NO MORE
NOW
Kirk & Co.
Limited
929 Main Street
Phones: Sey. 1441 and 465
Offlce No. 2
1025 Main Street
Phone Sey. 9075
BE SURE YOU OET
VAN BROS.
WHEN YOU ASK FOR
-CIDER-
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and dances.
UNION MEN'S ATTENTION
Pbone, Highland 90.
Mainland
Cigar Store
810 OARRALL STREET
THE PLACE FOR PIPES
LONG DISTANCE telephone service
will contact you with any desired
city within hundreds uf miles. This faet
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fifteenth year. no. i2 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouvbr, b. a
PAGE THREE
\DENTISTRY
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yon an estimate on putting them in proper condition.
Feel free to consult me.   It implies no obligation.
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Bridgework and Crowns
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602 HASTINGS STREET WEST .
Corner Soymour
Phone, Seymour 3331
Office Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Vancouver Unions
_3
■VNCOUVKR     TRADES     AND     LABOR
1 Council — President,  R.  H. Neelands,   M,
X A.; goneral secretary, Percy R. Bengough.
Jfflce: 308, 319 Pender St. Weat. Phone Sey.
■9!>.     Meots ln Labor Hall at 8 p.tn. on
^e flrst and third 'Tuesdays in month.
LLIED PRINTING  TRADES COUNCIL—
Meets second Monday In the month.    Pre-
dent, J. R. White; secretary, R, H. Heel-
I1 ids. P. 0. Box 60, 
AKERY SALESMEN, LOCAL 871—Meets
Becond Thursday every month, 3 IB Pender
treet Wost. Prosldent, J. Brightweoll;
nanclal secretary, II. A. Bowron, 3819
urns Street.
| WRMSYMEl. BARBERS' INTBRNATIONAL Union of America—Local 120, Van-
liver, B. 0., moeta second and fourth Tubs-
rys in each tnonth in Room 313—319 Pen-
r Street West. President, Q. E. Herrett,
Hsstings  Street  East;   secretary,  A.  R,
fnl, 320 Cambie Street,   Shop phone, Sey.
03.    Residence phone, Doug- 8171B.
*TKRN ATION A1_T BROTHERHOOD OF
Boilurtnakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help*
s of America, Local 194—Meetings first
Id third Mondaya in eaeh month. Presl-
fnt, P. Willis; secretary, A. Fraser. Offlee:
.»om 803—319 Ponder Street West. Office
mrs, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 5 p.m.
IRICKLAYERS AND MASONS—If you need
'bricklayers or masons for boiler works,
e., or marble Betters, phone Brieklayera'
Ulon, Labor Tomplo. __^
NITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS ahd Joiners, Local 452—President.
m. Dunn; rocordlng aeeretary, Geo. Snell;
.sinosR agent, Geo. H. Hardy. Offloo:
>om 304—319 Pendor Stroet West Meets
cond and fourth Mondays, 8 p.m., Room 6,
9 Pender Street West,
aVIV EMPLOYEES UNION—Meets first
ltd third Fridays in each mouth, at 148 Cm*
bva Street Wost. President, David Cuthlll,
B52 Albort Street; Beerotary-treasurer, Gee.
brriaon, 1335 Woodland Drive
^GINEERS —INTERNATIONAL UNION
) Steam and Oporating, Local 844—Moots
very Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 307 Labor
|omple. Secretary*treaRuror, N. Greon, 958
lornby Street. Phono Soy. 7043R. Record-
ig   Bocrotary,   J.   R.   Campbell,   303   First
treet, North Vancouvor.	
BDERATBD LABOR PARTY, 148 COR-
dova   Streot   West Educational   moot*
igs evory Sunday evening, 8 o'clock. Bust-
ess meetings, ovory Wednesday evening. A.
iaolnnis, chairman; E. H. Morrison, sue*
rus.; George D. Harrison, 1335 Woodland
irlve, Vancouver, B, C, corresponding sec*
_tary
IlITY FIREFIGHTERS UNION NO. 18—
i President. Nell MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
acretary, 0. A. Watson. No. »_Flrohall
IOTEL AND RESTAURANT Employoes
Union, Looal 28—441 Seymour fltreot.
Icets first and third Wednesdays at 3:30
i.m. Socond and fourth Wednesdays at
1:30 p.m. Exeoutlve board inoets every
tosday at 3 p.m. President, W. Colmar;
aslness agont, A. Graham. Phone Seymour
881
K.MBER WORKERS INDUSTRIAL UNION
m OF CANADA—An Industrial union of all
■orkers in logging and construction camps.
iast Dlstriot and General Headquarters, 01
irdova Stroet WeBt, Vanoouver, B. 0,
lone Soymour 7856. J. M. Clarko. general
eretary-treeeurer; legal advisers, Messrs.
rd, Maedonald & Co., Vancouvor, B. 0.;
dltors, Messrs. Buttar & Chlono, Vanoon-
r, H, 0.	
ACH-NIST8 LOCAL 182—President, Lee
Georgo; seoretary, J. G. Keefe; businoss
ent, P. R, Bongough. Offlco: 309, 819
<nder Btreet West. Meets In Room 313—
0 Pender Street West, on flrst and third
inrsdays in month.	
ACHINISTS LOCAL  692—President,   Ed.
tivson; secretary, R. Hirst; business
t, P. R. Bengough. Offlee: 809—819
ler Street West. Meets ln Room 8—
Pender Strwt West, on second and 4th
days In month.
BJ8ICIAN8       MUTUAL       PROTECTIVE
■ UNION, Loeal 145, A. F. of M.—Meets at
■ooi* Hall,  Homer  Stroet,  second   Sanday,
■ 10 a.m.   Presidont, Ernest C. Miller, 991
letson  Street; secretary, Edward Jamieson,
BI Nelson Straet; financial secretary, W. E.
■ itllams, 991  Nelson  Street;   organiser,  F.
■eteher, 991 Nelson Street,
MOTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECORA-
TORS and Papcrhanxers of America, Loeal
8, Vancouver—Meets 2nd and 4th Thun*
ys at 143 Oordova Street West. Phone,
y. 3G10, Business agont, R, A. Baker.
LK DRIVERS, BRIDGE, WHARF AND
Dock Builders, Local No. 2404—Meets in
bor Hall, 319 Pendor Street Wept overy
d and 4th Friday, at 8 p.m. Jas. Thomp*
li, flnanclal secretary
iilLORS' UNION OP THE PACIFIC, 135
[Cordova Street West, P. 0. Box 571. Phono
\y. 8703. Meetings every Monday at 7:80
m. P. Hockadny. buslnes:, ftRcnt. 
BDERATBD SEAFARERS' UNION OF B.
0.—Meoting nights. that Tuesday and 3rd
•iday of each month at headquarters, 318
irdova Street West. President, D. Gilles-
o; vlco-presidont, John Johnson; secretary*
assuror, Win. Donaldson, address 318 Cor*
iva Street Wont. Branch agont's nddross:
tn, Francis, 1424 Government Stroot, Vic*
rla, B. 0,
|V ".■»■ *_____* __	
■TREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM*
1 ployees, Plonoor Division, No. 101—Meets
. P. Hall, Eighth and Klnjrsway, 1st and
■d Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. Pro-
lidont, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarko Drlvo;
ifiording secrotary, A. V. Lofting; treasurer,
, F. Andrew! financial secretary and busl*
(ess ngent, W. H. Cottrell, 186—17th Avo.
Test. Offlco, cornor Prior and Main Streets,
hone, Fairmont 4504Y.  __. 
OURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
America, Locnl No. 178—Meetings hold
rst Monday in each month, 8 p.m. Presl*
ont, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, Mrs.
oik; recording Herniary, C. McDonald, P.
. Box 503; flnanolal secretary, P. McNelsh,
I. 0. Box 503. 
lOOIETV FOR TECHNICAL AID TO BO*
. v|pt Russia—Vancouver branch moets first
nd third Sundays each month, 2 p.m., at 61
lonlovft Street West. For Informntion writo
o branch secretary. S. T. A. S. R.. 61 Cor-
ova Street West, Vanconver, B. 0. 
■YPOGRAPHIOAL tfNION NO. 226—Pro-
sldont, Wm. Skinner; vlco-prosldont, A.
ucker; seeretary-trensurer, R. H. Neelands,
', 0. Box 66. Moots last Sunday of eseh
lonth at 2 p.m
ANA I MO TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No.
337—ProRldont, J. J. Begg; vlee-prosldent,
;, J, EJtowartt secre tnry-treasurer, L. C.
Mhr-ri., P. 0;B"X_476. Nanalmo, B. 0.
'RINCF. RUPERT TYPOGRAPHICAL
UNTON, No. 413—President. S. D, Mac-
maid. Hocrotnry-treftsnrpr, J. M, Campbell,
. 0. Box 689. MeetB last Thursday of enbh
ionth.
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Materialism, Historical or Hysterical
l^Snan*na-+tt*>+«a<<a«a»a-+*a«a«a.s*«e«e**a<>a»a<ia.ta-+»a<te«**«..t..tii|in--*,iniii nm i t ■ » ■■■■'■i"i»i.iiimn"i-»iinin»f»niniH'H"t
COURCES of inspiration are many*
and varied. What makes many of
ua seriously to think, that excites us
to heights of passion or depresses us
to the lowest depths of despair, will
be passed over thoughtlessly by
others, who, less intent for the moment, remain unmoved by the Inilu-
ences that affect our judgments and
emotions. •
The writer was compelled to the
above conclusion by an article in the
Western Clarion of Feb. 1st by J, D.
Harrlngton. This paper is an alleged
revolutionary Socialist organ, emanating from that reservoir of Intellectual and political sagacity, Vancouver,
with a small, and If the walls of the
editor are to be believed, ever-growing smaller circulation. It is described ln tha heading as "A Journal of
Current Events, History, Economics
and Philosophy." In the treatment
of these philosophical verities we presume, is to be found the reason for
the galloping circulatory consumption
from which the paper suffers.
For Instance, in the article that
moved us to this effort, Com. Harrington is Inspired by the Russian
Revolution to remark that it "marks
one of the most humorous episodes In
history." Having read this we laid
down the paper for a moment.. We
had the misfortune to be born Into
a section of the human race celebrated
for its Inability to see a joke; in fact
Sidney Smith achieved fame merely.
because he stated that lt takes a gimlet to let a joke into a Scotsman's
brain. For our present purposes we
accept this with the reservation that
he should have said corkscrew instead
of gimlet. Nevertheless, handicapped
as we are, we decided to investigate
the possibilities.
Looking back over the past Ave
years of revolutionary struggle on the
part of the Russian workers, wo
could not find anything to justify the
exercise of the risible faculties in anyone with a proletarian outlook,
Marx's whiskers, that sounded the
depths of indignant protest from Mr,
H. G. Wells, were real and have been
the occasion of much merriment, but
the whiskers of the Bolshovik number of 'Life' are sadly lacking, no opportunities therefore in that direction. Perhaps our S. P. of C. protagonists find the source of their mirth
ln the blood-drenched and brain-bespattered battlefields of the Workers
Republic; perhaps the tigerish brutality of the cannibal hordes of imperial capitalism raises peals of sardonic laughter from our ultra-scientific humorists; maybe the picture of
starving, agonized millions, the
slaughter of mon, the rape of women,
the massacre of children, the destruction of crops, of murder and
desolatalon, of smoking ruins and
hideous carnage, of famine and pestilence, of universal agony and death,
tho fruits of war and the blockade
that made of proletarian Russia, a
graveyard, Is flt subject for cheap wit
and vulgar humor.
It may be that Com. Harrington is
moved to inward joy that "after the
most tremendous war of all time, the
conquering and conquered hosts
should fraternize for the common
massacre of the "proletariat," or perhaps again with the vivid imagination
of all the also-Marxists, he has visualized Lenln and Trotsky as Russian
editions of Mr. Jlggs and Andy Gump
or some of the other cultural emanations that help dispel the fogs of
moroslty that envelop the great
American "pe'epul,"
To us there is nothing humorous
in the bloody sweat of the proletariat,
not even as much as one might flnd
ln the pages of Punch, a journal
justly famed for its grave and sober
contents. We are rather of the opinion that Com. Harrington's sense of
humor is at fault, particularly since
we well recollect him inducing several
poor but honest working men to part
with hardearned flfty-cent pieces in
In exchange for copies of "The First
Nine Chapters of Capital," a volume
that he described as "brimful of humor," citing the wellknown quotation
where Marx associates "the sheep-like
nature of the Christian" with "the
Lamb of God." The real humor of
the situation only developed when
some of the deluded purchasers returned and requested us to take back
"The First Nine Chapters" in trade
for a couple of ten-cent pamphlets,
Goethe it was who Baid "men show
their characters ln nothing more
clearly than In what they think
laughable," and we have all read of
the loud laugh that speaks the vacant
mind. At this point we are reminded
of tho crude character of the sense
of humor In savages and children. A
whole neighborhood of boys will derive more roal enjoyment from the
downfall of some pompous, top-hatted dignitary, brought about through
the agency of a small piece of orango
peel, than from the efforts of all the
comedians on the Orpheum circuit.
if the aforementioned dignitary
should broak his neck in falling, that
Is his affair. This state of mental dovelopment ls often carried over Into
adult life ns Is well exemplified in tho
story of the cockney who was askod
why he laughed so Inordinately, He
explained that he had just come from
a burning house, and that a man
whoso life was endangered by tho lire
had climbed to the roof. The Cockney then shouted to the terror-stricken victim to jump into the blanket.
"But there's nothing funny In thut,"
remarked one of his hearers. "But
there warn't no blcedin' blanket," replied the Cockney; "bli'me, you
should 'avo seen Ms brains."
Lost wo should be accused of levity
for introducing a more gag to prove
that there is really such a frame of
mind, wo will quote a passage from
the historian of tho Paris Commune.
Llssagary, at the risk of his life,
questioned some of the soldiers who
had been engaged In exterminating
tho Communards.
[BY   W.   BENNETT]
labor does not prevent us from refusing to consider the Russian Revolution as a farcical interlude In a carnival of blood and murder. The lack
of a sense of humor on our part is
no valid reason wby we should not be
qualified to criticize the self-styled
humorists any more than the fact
that we never laid an egg does not
prevent us from knowing a rotten one
when It Is placed under our nose.
To see anything humorous in tho
travail of the Russian workers under
the iron hoofs of revolution indicates
not a sense of humor, but rather the
pathological symptoms of emotional
indigestion.
Somo day the men at the helm of
the Proletarian Republic who now
guide the destinies of the Russian
workers—Lenin, Trotsky, Radek and
the others whose tireless energies are
entirely absorbed in directing the
course of the proletarian Revolution,
who from the vast fund of revolutionary experience are well qualified
to rank with Baboeuf and Buonar-
otti, with Marx and Engels—some
day they may find surcease from
their labors and indulge in laughter;
but they will not laugh with Com.
Harrington, they will laugh at him.
Since we have exhausted all the
humorous possibilities we now feel
like giving vent, with the full-throated vehemence of a West Coast timber
beast discussing the cuisine, to the
historic descriptive passage relating
to our Lord and Savior, "Jesus wept."
The tactic3 of the Third International bring down the wrath of Com,
Harrington and we presume the party
he represents, on the heads of the
poor ignorant Communists (some of
whom lacked the courage to call
themselves so). Trotsky haB well
said that "Marxism turned Socialism
into a science. This does not prevent some 'Marxians' from turning
Marxism into a Utopia," and this is
precisely what the sect of revolutionary Insolvents known as the S, P. of
C, is doing.
Like Kautsky, that visionary theoretician turned buffoon, they lack the
courage to face reality.    They place
ftempt of the proletariat to become a
subjective factor In the history of the
world; it is the flrst willed attempt
to make history. It is the conscious
attempt to direct historical forces, to
make history and not suffer it as a
play of blind objective forces as in
bourgeois society?"
The eunuchs of Marxism only mock
themselves without knowing it when
they point to the fact that the workers of Russia have not been able to
establish production on a socialist
basis. What the workers of Russia
have accomplished is the Socialism of
Marx. 'This Socialism is the declaration of a permanent revolution,
of the dictatorship of tho proletariat,
and ls a neccflsary agency and starting point for the abolition of class
differences, of all conditions of production upon which they are ba^ed, of
all social relations which correspond
to these conditions of .production, resulting ln the overthrow of all Ideas
which arise from these social conditions." (Class Struggles in France,
1848-1860.)
"We hailed this event as the promised land," says Com. Harrington.
"We did not then realize that a greater struggle was yet to come." True!
"We" also thought that the German
revolution had accomplished more fn
one month than the Russian revolution ln six. The writer well remembers the period and the cynical criticism levelled at him as being unscientific but always "right," and further
wishes to dissociate himself from any
Imputation that the event referred to
Is not the promised land.
Again Com, Harrington, "the making of Socialists is the main task of a
Socialist party." We too might echo
jesting Pilate and ask—What Ib a
socialist? Do we desire to develop a
small exclusive sect of puritanical ir-
reconcllables, of revolutionary saints,
of self-styled scientists who desire
only to interpret the world, not to
change it? When we speak of a
socialist party, do we mean an Insignificant group of about twenty-flve
men and women out of a population
of eight millions, four of whom have
read the first volume of "Capital,"
and the rest of whom have struggled
laboriously half-way through "Value,
Price and Proflt?"   Do we mean tne
themselves in the same counter-revo* _
L^^^L^J!?-®?0!^^"8-^?.-??"^^ -StktV ^mta-Tof the"brainless" ape
""'connected  with the Winnipeg "Soc-
p It rase mongers and political ascetics
who in their dread of spiritual contamination refuse to even countenance the seizure of power by the illiterate and uncultured proletariat.
Whatever differences there may be
between them and Kautsky, they are
agreed that the unforgivable crime of
lhe Russian Revolution was the
launching of the Third International.
In common with Kautsky they lack
the mental capacity to understand its
policy or tactics, neither of which
have any place in their blueprint
scheme of irreconcilable formulae
and worm-eaten platitudes.
In the tactics of the Soviet Government, Kautsky sees nothing but the
"waverings" of Soviet policy, and In
the tactics of the Comintern the S.
P. of C. finds nothing but the subject
of cheap sneers. Wo will let Trotsky
answer them." Tho Committees of
Poverty existed about six months,
from June to December, 1918, In
their institution as in their abolition,
Kautsky sees nothing but the "wavering" of Soviet policy. Yet at the samo
time he himself has not even a suspicion of any practical lessons to be
drawn. And after all, how should he
think of them? Experiences such its
we are acquiring in this respect
knows no precedent; and questions
and problems such as the Soviet Government is now solving in practice
have no solution in books, What
Kautsky calls contradictions in policy,
are, In reality, the activo maneuvering of the proletariat in the spongy,
undivided peasant mass. The sailing
ship has to manoeuvre before the
wind; yet no one will see contradictions In the manoeuvres that finally
bring the ship to harbor" (Dictatorship and Democracy),
Com, Harrington has learned one
thing from the history of the last ten
years; that is when hard pressed to
throw up a smoke-screen. This he
proceeds to do in asserting that
"there Is a fundamental difference
between a 'political and a social revolution." No one will deny this, but
to inject dogmatically into the general body of working-class thought
that "socially man has to battle with
forces entirely beyond his scope," ls
to throw dialectics overboard and return to the methods of formal logic.
Apart on ti rely from confusing political revolutions with "palace" revolutions the statement Indicates a fatiguing search after specious arguments.
The    Social     Revolution  is    not  a
Utopian phantasy as conceived by the I
sentimental dilettante Marxist dream-j
ors, but a process In which for the
first time the actors art! not tho hap
ialist," who proclaims, with inactive
but hopeful expectancy, "our progress
is slow but we are In tune with the
infinite;" or perhapB we desire to develop the fighting spirit m the working-class after tho manner of the lady
comrade ln the infra-red revolutionary centre who thinks the movement
is in bad shape now that "even Russia
has gone back on us." Or turning
revolutionary Marxism Into a caricature, should we howl from the housetops with Lestor the libellious capitalist calumny, "Russia has gone back
to capitalism." One hundred per
cent, more Marxian than Marx!
Do we desire to bring the workers
within the scope of a party the development of which has the calender
as its only driving force? While men
are being hanged to lamp-posts In
the streets of the Baltic Republics for
voicing the aspirations of the working-class; while in Italy Communists
are dragged, broken and bleeding, behind speeding motor lorries; while
the gaols of every continental country in Europe (except Soviet Russia)
confine the flower of our class; while
the Chamber of Deputies exercises
the right it retained to itself In its
struggles wtth the Napoleonic impostor to lift immunity from those
whom it does not like ,and that right
exercises only against Communists;
while in Bavaria and Wurtemberg,
German Fascism shoots up Communist editors and workers ' meetings;
while the obscenities of the Horty
regime in Hungary still stink ln our
nostrils; while throughout the British Empire, modern machinery, typified in the bombing plane and the
machine gun, enters Into the labor
union struggles as a competitor with
the "cap in hand"; while even tn the
classic land of Democracy (capital D),
members of the working-class are
corralled by agents of the department
of Justice merely for being Communists; while the hydra-headed monster of imperial capitalism, feeling In
Hb bones the gnawing pains of approaching doom, exacts a ten-fold
vengeance on those who would administer tho death-blow, are we to
adjourn to some out-of-the-way corner and discuss economic and historical questions of Immediate and.
burning Interest to the hunger-ridden
and devitalized tollers of this and
other lands such as—"whether merchants capital is productive of value
or does surplus value appear solely
ln the productive process" and "historical Inquiries into socialism In tho
i land of tho ancient Incos?"
Are   we  to  gather  at   the   ront  oi
^^■^Xliwta* •..,!_. th,o_ophy
social reality.    In a speech delivered
ln   1860   Marx   uttered   tho  following;
words:   "And as lo the Social Revo- ,
lution,  what does thin expression In- ,
dlcate If not the strugglo of classes?"
Marx's   viewpoint   apparently  differs
from that of our friends who are actually    engaged in the   search
flnallty.
enilocrln
ology, bumpology and necromancy,
and all the other hocus-pocus lhat
posses for knowledge among the
ranging Intellects of the S. P, Local?
Aro we to circulate among the workers, literature glittering with the
phraseology of Marxism, doctrinaire
for polemics that only result In infUBlng
in our class the lighting spirit of the
The growth of the property concopt | Pope's soldiers—Who ran away every
during the poriod of transition from .timo tho enemy offered them battlo.
gentllo to political society was not a | Making of Socialists forsooth! For
matter of daj'B or months and its us, to whom socialism is not nn empty
elimination in the chango from politi- j dream, the continued reiteration of
cal society to Communism is not to be | vague generalizations, producing a
considered in tlio nature of a conjur- j castrated, sterilized, spiritless Marking trick. Rather Is It to bo recog- ! ism labelled "education," ond wblch
nlzod aa covering a whole historic j mistaking superficially for profundity
era. To state that the Russian work- |ls really stultification, Is not the work
ers havo accomplished a political1 of a socialist parly thnt mokes any
revolution but not a social revolution'claim to being revolutionary,
is to throw dust In the eyes of the j Mnrx must hove hod this brand in
ill-informod   workers,  to   accept  all [view when ho wrote "Crucified be our
the   Implications  of   the   Mcnshovik j claas, BUbmot'god bo our race, if only
He  was  told  tho j position. the eternal principles romoin Iimnae-
followlng story by onc of them. "Thib That tho proletariat should commit \ utate. Liko God-fonrlns Christians
morning there" (ond he pointed to the the economic iniquity of refusing thoy must hellovc the words of the
barricade of the Moirie) "one came to crucify themselves on the Golgotha priests—to despise the earthly pos-
up in a blouse. Wo led him off. lof bourgeois development, that they (.essions and only flsplro to gain I'ara-
You are not going to shoot me?' sakl !(i0 ,10t choose to traverse tho some   dise.    If we substitute for  Paradise.
social liquidation which will be Inaugurated some fino morning In some
corner of the globe,—nobody knows
how, and who shnll realize It—tho
swindle in completely the some.
he. 'Oh, I should think not!' We i cycle of material and spiritual misery
made him pass In front of us, arid that wc have endured is a horrible
then, pan, pan; ond didn't he kick offense that tho revolutionary pedants
about funnily!" This clodhopplng, ;jn their sublimated wisdom cannot
provincial tool of the Thiers stock ox-   forgive.
chango Third Republic, probably Tho Marxism of Marx Is now being expectation of this famous social
thought tho Paris Commune "marked applied os a theory to solvo in prac- liquidation, the working-class must
one of the most humorous episodes in ; tlco tho riddle of socinl evolution. As behove like a herd of well-fed sheep,
history." , Clara Zetkin said at tho Fourth Con-   leave the government Jn  penco,  fear
It is much easier however, to de-!ffro8a 0f the Third International, the polico, oboy tho laws ond socrl-
cldo what Is not humor, than what is, ;spooking of the policy of tho Russinn llco themselves without complaint for
so that tho handicap under which we Communists,  "lt is tho   historic   at- cannon-fodder.    In their dolly lives.
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the workera must remain the moat
obedient servants of the state, but in
their soule they must strongly protest
against Its existence and testify their
deep theoretical contempt for it by
the buying and reading of pamphlets
dealing with the abolition of the
state; they must beware and not resist the capitalist order with any
other opposition than declamations
dealing with a future society in which
this much-hated system will vanish,"
Even a Scotsman's sense of humor
must register a gentle reaction to hoar
a member of the S. P. of C. talking
of "yardsticks," but when we are admonished to "eschew vain criticism,"
the gentle reaction develops Into a
thunderous response. The persistence of the S. P. ln damning with
faint praise the generous and heroic
Instincts, the revolutionary audacity j
that has dared to pull down all the
institutions sanctified and fortified by
history, seems to us like the dictated
prejudices a capitalist hack writer,
whloh cannot but awaken a grateful
echo In the hearts of a parasitical
ruling-class, notwithstanding all the
hypocritical expressions of sympathy
for the sufferings of the Russian
workera.
Since we are tn agreement with
Engels that "Communism is the
theory of tho conditions of the victory of the working-class," and we
see in the Russian Revolution the
preliminary conditions of development from a scientific concept to an
actual process, wo quote Marx again
In his advice to the Oerman workers
in 1850, "Let your battle cry bo permanent revolution,"
With the protecting shield of the
Proletarian Dictatorship victory is
assured.
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The Greatest'Event in Human
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The greatest assistance that the
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new subscriber. By doing so you
spread thc news of the working class
movement and assist us.
Every reader or The Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing tlieir subscriptions as soon as
they nro due, and by inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try lt.
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subject? If I had tho experience
and brain of Lenine, the flre and eloquence of Trotsky, and lf you possessed the Imagination of Shakespeare,
with the memory of Webster, then a
dozen hours might give you a fair idea
of tsis greatest event of human history.
Dr. Curry quoted from Red Europe,
and John Reid's "Ten Days "Which
Shook the World." "The Russian Revolution," said he, "like the Paris
Commune, was a revolt against suffering and outrage, due to a war for plunder, the work of imperialism, but unlike the Commune, and any other worker's uprising, this Soviet Republic,
born in the autumn of 1917, could not
be crushed. Today it stands impregnable, while other nations are sinking
into the abyss of misery and despair,
Russia is rising to fuller and happier
life, and is a beacon-light to the world
of workers, a star in the East, telling
of peace and goodwill between men,
the dream of prophets and poets for
ages.
Up to the timo Russia entered "the
war for democrecy," even to capitalist nations, she was known as Dark
Russia, where the Czar and his overlords drove the true patriots of the
nation to slave and rot in the dungeons of Siberia. When the secret
treaties were signed and billions loaned the Czar to build his machinery cf
slaughter, then a change took place,
and when in August, 1914, 10,000,000
Slav slaves began to mobilize, our
press spoke of Russia as a "great democracy," and of "Bloody Nick" ns
the "gallant champion of liberty." Eut
while the othor Allies took their spoils
of war agreed upon, poor Russia,
which gave more blood, and mangled
bodies than France, Britain and America combined, received not the long-
coveted Dardanelles, but rather the
curses and slander and blockade and
war, from the very powers her efforts
had saved from defeat^ by the horrible Hun. Russia's unpardonable
crime was the revolution. Through
torture endured, her slaves had awakened and had thrown their spurred
riders off their backs, and today the
fate of the rulers of Russia is haunting every government on earth. What
rulers sow, that shall they also reap,
the law of Karma still operates.
Ten million Russians were mobilized, yet she possessed not arms, ?or
half that number, while Britain had
150 munition works to Russia's one.
In Nelson's "History of the War,' we
read that millions of men were flung
into tne field, armed with clubs and
bombs, and could only flght by seizing guns from their fallen comrade--.
Britain and the Allies promised to supply Russia with equipment, but failed
to do so. When, however, the millions of straying troops began to desert, then the vials of wrath were
poured out on the Czar, and his "toolh
of Germany," like Trotsky, and Lenine, they had sold out to the enemy,
according to the "kept press."
By Christmas, 1916, two million mon
had deserted, their cry was bread and
peace, while tens of thousands perished ^n their retreat homeward.
Tho Red Spectre of Kcroltitlon
Petrograd was the scene of the first
uprising. Red banners appeared, and
on them the words "Down with the
government, long live the Republic."
On Jan. 27, 1917, the Imperial government asked Germany for terms of
peace, but was refused. On March £,
women broke into food stores, great
crowds gathered and blood began to
flow. On March 10, something happened which shook the Imperial world.
The police flred on the workers, then
for the first time In history, the Cossacks took the side of the rebels, and
fired on the police.
. Is there any wonder that from this
time on, Russia received hatred and
warfare and slander from the world's
plutocracies that compared with her,
The Huns were shining lights of lav:
and morality. For here was the common enemy of law and order/of religion and civilization. lifting Its hideous head and winning to its side, the
Cossack dogs of war, on whicli Imperial Russia had depended so long.
On March 11, great crowds with red
banners, sang revolutionary songs, and
the police again fired on tho crowd,
but inside of 24 hours, several other
great regiments' wont ovor to tho rebels, and the great fortresses of Peter
and Paul, were captured,
On March 13, under order of ihe
Bolsheviki, the Soviets arrested all
members of tbo Czar's government.
Next dny the first provisional govern
ment was formed, hut It was pro -Czar, I
and pro-capitalist, and only Kerenslcy
represented the Soviets. Prince Lyoff
was the premier of the first and s'ec-
nd governments, which succeeded the
Czar, and Korerisky, lhe Social patriot,
was premier of lhe next two.
The Bolsheviks wen* holding great
mass meetings In all cities, in the
Moscow    municipal    elections,    thoy
swept the polls. On October 20, while
Kerensky was holding his council,
Trotsky, with hln supporters, htrode
Into tho hall. He denounced thc government as traitors, and told the members to "run away home, and save
their skins," bill as late as the 6lh of
November, Kerensky believed that the
nrmy would support him. The next
day, the Bolshevists struck, and Kerensky's support crumbled.
Within a few hours, ho was In flight
The same process which brought the
change. In Russlu, is today taking
place In otber lands. Tho same mountain peaks of wealth and desert valleys of poverty anil suffering ovist else-
whore. The snmo indifference, cruelty
and corrupllon pervade tho heart and
brain of the privileged classes Regarding the condition nf their sub
jecta, as existed In the brain and hoart
of lhe Imperial rulers of Russia, while
the same spirit of revolt is groy lug In
all countries, ruled by brute force.
Everywhere today we can son tho
handwriting an the wall, demanding
thai ihe resources of the uarthi and
tho machinery of prod Vic tlon bo used
'or the common good.
Dr. Curry hero read some para-
grn phs from t he Ma ri time Labor
Herald.
Mis. Rose Hondor.mii, who had
been travelling through Kurope for
the last year, and who now \t* In London, write** as follows!
"Nothing here Is sacred hul woalth,
and only "wealth ean buy justice, honor, leisure, health and cleanliness. Tbe
masses are jailed, blundgeoned, starved and ravaged; yet only the masses
cun stem the headlong plunge of civilization to its doom. On another page
of the same paper we read:
"Canadian delegates returning frorfi
Russia declare that in that country
they saw people with the happiest
faces of any- they have visited. They
also declare .that now the Russians
are the best fed people in Europe,"
because thero the old system of robbing tho workers for the drones is
gone, and so the people are beginning
to live.
The final subject for thfs reason for
next Thursday, will be: "How Can
Communism Abllosh Poverty and
War?"
SEX DiSEA.ES
Trades Council Again Takes
Stand Against Government's Immigration Policy
(Continued from Page 1)
sion, and wjjen Secretary Bengough
announced that after a meeting with
the Harbor Board, assurances had
been given that the fair wage clause
would be inserted in all contracts, and
he assured the delegates that this
would apply to sub-contracts, the fair
wage officer to be the final arbiter.
The council evidently concluded that
thero would not be tho trouble on the
new work that there had been on the
Ballantyno pier.
This item'did not, however, closo
the fair wage clause discussion, as
Delegate Nixon reported that the
printing done for the Exhibition
Board would bear the union label,
while Alderman Pettipiece announced
that a clause had also been Inserted
that as in Park Board work, the civic
rate of wages would be paid, as a
clause to this effect had been placed
In tbe new lease of the Exhibition Association.
Referring to the erection of the
public convenience?, Alderman Petti-
pieco reported that provisions had
been made by the City Council to have
only union labor employed on this
work. He pointed out that this was
tho flrst time in the history of the
city that this clause has beon inserted,
and also called the attention of the
council to the members of the City
Council who had voted in favor of
the clause. Ho stated that the following voted for union labor: Aldermen
Crone, Gibbons, Scribbcns and Pettlplece. Thoso against the clause wero:
Owens, Rogers Almond and Tracey.
He then pointed out that It was on
the deciding vote of the mayor, as
there was a tie voto of four each way,
that the clause had boen adopted.
Alderman Pettipiece also called tbo
attention of tho council to the fact
that the two engineers of tbe city and
the Point Grey municipality, were to
put in tenders for the joint water supply scheme, and that ho thought that
by this* method the work would be
dono cheaper, while lho workers would
get the benefit of the better conditions. With this point in mind, he
urged that the civic employoes should
affiliate with the council at the earliest possible date.
Vote ol Tlmnk-f
Seeretary Bengough moved that a
letter of thanks be sent to the Exhibition Board and the City Council,
thanking those bodies for the consideration shown to organized labor by
the insertion of the fair wage clauses.
This motion was adopted by acclamation, after Del. Showier had pointed
out that Alderman Crone was willing
for the city to employ union men, but
would not do it himself.
Daylight saving was another matter
E. D. Morel States That Situation Intensified By
African Troops
London—Commenting on the report
that French military authorities are
compelling the Germans to supply
women as prostitutes to be used by
French troops in the Ruhr. E. D.
Morel states that tho evil la intensified by the fact that some 35,000 African troops are included among the
French armies. "I am credibly informed," ho adds, "that the proportion of sex diseases among the Rhine-
land population has increased by
something between 200 und 300 per
cent, since the occupation of the territory on the loft bank began." Questions are being asked in the British
parliament as to whether such arrangements are made also Jn British
occupied torritory in Germany.
LETTERS TO 8
PJHEfEB
L'i'he opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is accepted by the management.]
Alberta Miners and Robertson
Editor B. C. Federationist—Sir: We,
the miners of Nordegg Local Union
No. 1087 U.M.W. of A., read with
amazement the statement of a member of organized labor, namely Gideon
Robertson, that the miners would be
satisfied to work for less wages if
they got moro work. Whilst we have
to concede the point that tho Hon.
Gideon may be satisfied lo work considerable time for small wages, he .is
certainly not voicing tbo sentiment of
the Canadian coal miner, who has for
years past, performed considerable
work for a very small wage, partlcu-
brought to the attention of the delegates, when ono delegate asked Aid.
Pettipiece if daylight saving was to be
put Into effect this year, and the reply
of the Labor member of the City
Council, which was In the negative,
was received by applnuse.
Delegate Macdonald, of the Tailors,
stated that a contract lor uniforms
for employees of the Canadian National Railway, had bcen let to a man
who was not a tailor, and who bad
sublet tho contract, and that the government had not callod for tenders,
as was the custom, but had banded
the plum to a political .supporter, and
that the subcontract had been let to
an unfair firm.
On motion, this matter will be referred to Tom Moore, president of tne
Trades Congress of Canada, who is on
the directorate of tlie C. N, R., and
also to Sir Henry Thornton, who :t
was pointed out had publicly slated
that he was in favor of union lanbr
getting a fair show.
The proposed constitution of the
Labor representation committee, was
read to the councl anld endorsed, only
one delegate taking any objection, and
that was to the basis of representation which provides for three delegate
for each organization having five hundred members or less, nnd additional
delegates for additional hundred:, tf
members up to the number uf six.
Otber matters dealt with by the
council are referred to in othor a nicies, as the subjoct matter in the dii-
cussion was of vital importance to the
workers, and the questions or- 3 of
moment. The council adjourned at
10:30 p.m. after a busy and interesting session.
LUMBER WORKERS'
NEWS AND VIEWS
AN the 3rd of March, the men cm-'
^ ployed at tho English Lumbor Co.
Camp G, Washington, held a meeting,
and as a result of that meeting they
notified the management that they
wanted a four-bit raise in their daily
wages, at the same time giving the
company -IH hours in which to consider the matter.
At the expiration of the -is hours,
tho demand was granted. The Increase affected all camps—t>, 7, nnd 8,
and the headquarters. In the three
camps—0, 7 .and 8, there aro aboui
■150 slaves employed. On the 16th
esentod
inst.,   tho  committeo   that
the demands was fired.
Th*1 membors of the above committee were chosen as follows: One to
represent the rigging crew; one
represent the faller.', and buckers; one
to represent the section men; and one
to represent the graders. With childish naivete the driver fired some in
the woods, and the others as they
were going into the cook house. By
ho doing thinking he could "sneak"
up on thc boys.
On lhe 14th, camps <>, 7 and 8 eame
out almost to a man. At tho time
of writing, a brakeman, who by "the
way Is a (parried man with three
or four small children, and the writer
ore tho only onea who have left head
quarters camp. Headquarters employs about ten men In thc shops, nnd
about two or three in the "bull gang.
Tbe section mon were Scandinavian
stutfip ranchers, and the writer could
do nothing with them. They were 100
per cent. Scandinavian sclssor-bllls,
They reminded the writer of the opening linen of Edward Markhain's celebrated poem, "Tho Man with tht
Hoe." "There he stands, stolid and
siunned, low of brow, brother lo tho
ox, the man, tho man with the hoe."
Since the writer ato at thu same table
I fn tho cookhouse as did the "Super
assistant "Super," and clerk (there
being but one table), be was in a position to get an earful. Camp C was
tho Inst camp any aetion was oxpected
from, because It wns composed almost
exclusively of that much divided (do
mont thai frequent tbe camps in the
jlmgloH, colloquially known as tho
slump-rancher, "chin whisker." "haV
wire" and  "pitchforks."    Hooray* by
larly when we realize the death and
accident toll incident to mining.
Senator Robertson is introducing no
new philosophy, but is merely parroting a statement which has been made
practically during every wage scale
conference.
Therefore, be It resolved, that we inform the press, that Senator Gideon
Robertson had better, more fully understand the psychology of the mine
workers before he essays to speak for
the Canadian miners.
On behalf of Nordegg Local U. M.
W. A.
DAI MORGAN, Secretary.
Nordegg, Alberta,
Marhc 1&, 1923.
SCAB CITY IS
The Journal of Commerce
Would Be Proud of
Such Title
Chicago—The Scab City is a title to
be proud of and one which many American citios ought to strive to earn
for themselves, in the opinion of the
Chicago Journal of Commerce.
A bodily scab is not a repulsive temporary incrustation that soon drops
off a healthy body, the Journal maintains, but the symbol of American
freedom,
"Los Angeles," the Journal reports,
"has accepted and adopted the title,
'the scab city,' iind is proud of it, although it was first applied to lt as a
derisive and offensive epithet.
"Students of words will approve the
California city's acceptance of the descriptive word much used in union
nomenclature as a happy thought. A
scab Is a healthy growth over a wound.
Tho workman who takes a striker's
pla-co covers a wound to industry, and
tho fact that he does so is a healthy
sign of tho liberty of action that is
America's finest heritage from the
fathers of the republic.
"Many another American city might
well become scabs and thereby vindicate American principles of Industrial
froedom, while gaining enormously in
wealth and general prosperity."
BRUCE'S
SUITS
ARE
ALWAYS
THE
BEST
VALUE
LOOK THEM OVERr-
THAT WILL SATISFY
YOU.
$21=^ $25
$29-^
CD. BRUCE
LIMITED
Oor.  Homer and Hastings
Demand this Label
On your Overalls, Work Shirts, Mackinaws and
Pants, and help Local 160 to get a closed shop.
Heck!     Onc   hundred   and   sixty-five
;ives were employed in Camp 6.    Of
that number, all but 85 were stump-
ranchers.
The walk-out was brought about by
he firing of tho committee. Of course
lho management was asked to rein
state the discharged mon before action was taken. Thore were no "wobs1
in camp 6, and but few In camp 7, although an "organizer" made a talk In
one of tho camp.*!, which was described
by the assistant superintendent as "a
moderate one."
Even the assistant superintendent's
brother came out. Ills job was a very
soft one, that of hulling the men In
from ani out to work, When ho
heard that the men wore leaving cump
Ho refused to haul the handful of
scabs out, telling thom (tho scabs)
What he was not, in the (laming and
piclurosquo language more or loss peculiar to the logger.
IllVEK'S LOG  CO.,  SOINTULA   :
At a meeting held at Rivers' Log
Co.'s camp, the following demands
were put forward by the men and
agreed to by the management:
1. Sugcient light in all bunkhnusos.
2. DJshes to be of earthenware instead of thc present partly ennmolled
scrap Iron.
3. A better grade of fruit for tho
tabic Instead of the pie fruit supplied
at presont; also a better vnriety of
food in general.
4. A goneral improvement in accommodation.
A delegato and a camp committeo
of three were elected.
Tbe question of wages will be taken
up nt the next moeting, also tho question of throe non-union men who nre
at present working at tbe above cnmii
Will any of the men? who wero
working at Headquarters,. Vancouvor
Island, last summer, please communicate with the secretary L.W.I.U., 61
Cordova Street west, as soon as ever
convenient?
Vincent McDonnell Is nsked to
write to Pat Bomers, Anyox B. C,
There is important news for him from
home.
Eight out of every ten quarts of
milk used in Vancouver and vicinity is produced by the members
of the Fraser Valley Milk Producers' Association
You can buy your milk from
almost any city dairy and the
chances are that you are using
the same milk—milk produced on
our farms—milk we ship to the
city.
We produce this milk—we handle this milk-
we sell this milk at
12 Quarts for $1
If you are paying a higher price
you are probably paying TWO
PROFITS on our milk—as well as
paying the COST OP A WASTEFUL DELIVERY SYSTEM
whereby half a dozen different
rigs—all serving our milk—often
operate every day in blocks containing only a dozen or so houses.
We guarantee that the price of 12
Quarts for $1.00 will not be advanced until at least Oct. 1.
Phone Fair. 1000 and arrange for
delivery to start tomorrow.
Fraser   Valley  Milk
Producers' Association
I

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