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British Columbia Federationist May 23, 1924

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLISHED IN INTERESTS OF ALL WORKERS
.4 POLITICAL UNITT: VIOTOBT    /
SIXTEEN TH YEAR.  No. 21
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 23,1924
5c A COPY
Workera Beware!
Wednesday Half-holiday—Is It to _
Oo?—Efforts Being Made to
Stop It
CLERKS HAV BE PENALIZED
Is It Fore-runner of What Oliver
Government Will Do for
"Big Interests?"
TVTOT satisfied with the hardship that
is being wrought on the clerks in
the various stores in our province,
the Vancouver Sun is lending its in-
Buence in an effort to make their lot
still harder. It would appear that
the Sun Is going to support the Oliver
government. Now we are wondering
lt this little bit of news is a forerunner of what that government is
going to do to gain the support of the
"big interests."   Human life, human
" comfort, human happiness, in (act,
everything that really counts in this
world, aside from money, and the
power it exerts, it would appear, will
be sacrificed on the altar of political
ambition. Workers everywhere, beware!
They would have us believe that
the business lost during the Wednesday half-holiday, so vitally effects the
stores, banks and every other business institution of our city, thnt it
must be regained, even at the cost of
depriving the workers of the only
little bit of humane legislation that
they have enjoyed for some time.
Surely they do not mean to tell us
that other cities to the south of Us
, and etaewhore are enjoying such prosperity, as they would have us enjoy,
because they are sacrificing the comfort and happiness of their workers.
If the prosperity of Vancouver is
dependent upon depriving the clerks
in our stores of their half-holiday,
then all we can say is, God help our
city! Workers, beware. Once again
yonr liberty Is to bc taken from yon.
Join the labor movement and help
make It a powerful influence for thc
betterment of your fellowmen. The
old line political parties have fooled
you long enough.
X. R. WAGE DISPUTE
Net %9 ations Open on New Schedule ' .ffecting 7,000 Engineers
and Firemen
A Montreal press despatch says that
wage negotiations affecting 7000 engineers and firemen on Canadian National railway lines opened on Monday between representatives of the
management and representatives of
the men, members of the Brotherhood
of Locomotive Engineers and Brotherhood of Locomotive Enginemen and
Firemen. The men ask for a return to
the 1920 rates of wages, and the company on the other hand desired a
downward revision of the schedule.
On Educational System of England—Fisher Act Provides Remarkable Advances
SOME    SALIENT   FEATURES
Construction Contracts
Again, for the second year, Canada
has passed the three hundred million
dollar mark In its construction programme with building contracts
amounting to $314,264,000. The
greatest amount of construction work
was done in Ontario, with 49.7 per
cent, of the total, and In Quebec, with
32.6 per dent.
Vanconver Man Third Vice-president
ot Switchmen
At the annual convention of the
Switchmen's Union of America, now
in progress at Denver, J, D. Murray of
Vancouver was elected third vice-president in succession to W. J. Frost of
Chicago, The organization writes no
contracts with Canadian railways.
Former Vancouver Man Severely
Attacks Canada's Immigraion
Policy
ADDRESSES BRITISH LABOR
Says an Act of Cruelty to Encourage People to Seek
Work in Canada
A RECENT London, Eng., cable despatch states that Tom Richardson,
. former member of tho British house
1 of commons, who has boen in Canada
for throe years, and has just roturned
to the old land, severely attacks Canada's immigration policy.   Addressing
the national council of the Independent Lauor party, he asserted that in
view of unemployment ln tho Cana-
dlan  cities  and  the  poor  conditions
prevailing on the land, it was not only
criminal, but an act of cruelty to en-
» courage people to seek work In Canada where thousands of unemployed
ln tho cities and 75 per cent, of tho
immigrants who went to work on the
. land, went down.   The economic position of the farms, lie Bald, was so bad
that potatoes and fruit were often allowed to go to rot In large quantities.
Addition to Family Circle
The stork again vUlted tho homo
of Arthur Frith, well-known Main
street clothier, and loft a lovely little
baby girl. Both mother and Edith
Minnie, tho latest member of the
ftimlly, are doing very nicely.
H. H. Spencer, M. p., has declared
that the main cause of the horrible'
housing conditions ln Glasgow Is
drink. But up to tho moment we have
never heard it alleged that the owners
of the palaces In Mayfalr and Park
Lane are teetotallers.   On tho contrary
" If drink leads to bad housing, some
gentry would be without a house at
I all.—Glasgow Forward.
Morality can always afford to wait,
since it triumphs In the end.—Augustine Birrell.
Germany-  Has   Given   Example
Which Led to Improvements
in Oreat Britain
[By L. E. J.]
"DEFRESHING" Is the first word
*• that comes to mind In remembering the public lecture by Dr. John
Adams of London, in this city, a few
weeks ago. He seemed to take the audience up to a height which overlooked the whole educational field of the
world, and from there pointed out the
saliont features, Germany, before tho
war, said Dr. Adams, was far in advance of England in education; and
because England was feeling the competition of Germany in trade, in the
application of education to commerce,
and in general aducation itself, Germany became the "prod," which urged
on reforms In education in England,
Ultimately the Fisher act was passed,
which provided for remarkable advances in education ln England. One
pf its clauses stipulated that all boys
ad girls over fourteen years of age,
who had begun working, must spend
at least eight hours a week In education specially provided for this purpose.
After the war, a relaxation of effort
in enforcing the Fisher act has ensued,
partly because of the competition of
Germany having been removed, and
partly because of expense. The present government, with C. P. Trevel-
yan, as minister of education, is making valiant efforts to keep the Fisher
act in force, and to make further advances In education. Dr. Adams showed clearly that the present labor government was the best friend of education in Great Britain, while stating
that he was not a labor man himself,
Dr. Adams paused in an aside to remark: "In my opinion, the present
cabinet in Great Britain is the best
educated cabinet the world has ever
seen."
Labor men, said Dr. Adams, wero
inclined to be afraid of vocational education. This, he thought, was a result of their natural dislike for being
"cogs" ln a machine. Hence, they
wished their sons to have the same
education as the masters' sons, that is,
a classical education. Before long, he
believed, they woutd come to see that
a man may be just as well educated
with vocational training as a bawls, as
with the old academic subjects.
Dr. Adams ended his address by
pointing out that just as Germany had
given tho example which led to improvements In education in Great Britain, so we in Canada must look to the
United States for our stimulus in educational advance.
This brief outline can give no Idea
of the. delightful humor, the beautiful
diction, and the rich background of
culture which pervaded the lecture. It
was at the same time illuminating and
yet simple, daring and unassuming,
packed with Information and yet brief.
I believe that a Labor party, occupying Downing street, staffing our government is the one thing required to
give strength to the morally courageous, and power to the peace forces of
all sections of Europe. That Is our
flrst great task. In connection with
that, wo shall do our best to complete
the structure of the league of nations,
to use It without reserve as the main
instrument for securing international
justice and thereby creating the conditions of International peace.—Rum-
say Macdonald i
I share your confidence in the ability of the league of nations to foster
that Bpirit of reliance on right and forbearance, instead of suspicion and
armed strength, and thus to contribute
effectively toward the establishment of
peace on a firm and lasting foundation.
—H. M. the King (address from the
Canterbury and York convocations.)
If the plight of labor ls precarious,
the position of liberalism Is openly
desperate, while unionism does not yet
seem much more stirring and intelligent than the cow that looks at tho
pausing train.—J, L. Gavin,
Our Political Friends
[Nemesis] '
rpHE Oliver government has reslgn-
ed, and this province will soon be
In the .throes of a political party con-
contest, and some of us will attend
meetings and listen to many 'flne
speeches with their fervid and studied
perorations, and at the back of our
brains,we shall see visions of the
millenium and an earthly paradise,
whose every breeze will carry Joy and
bliss to each corner of the land.
We shall wake up to the fact that
we are all very Intelligent fellows,
for we shall be told all that. Our women will flush with joy and pride
when their offspring are patted and
praised by the party canvassers, and
for a season our drab lives will be
Illumined by the roseate flush of an
unaccustomed joy.
Unfortunately that joy may be diluted by the pictures of villainy each
party will paint of the others, and
by the knowledge that the cardinal
sins and inexpressible folly are still to
be found on earth in the persons of
the leaders of the opposite parties,
and their misguided supporters. We
may be sorely tried as to where to
bestow our affections, and we may
be wise in our generation if we take
a kind of middle course and honestly
believe all that each party says of
the others. It Is always wise to get
as near the truth as possible.
We ,have to take the world as we
flnd it, while endeavoring to change
it for the better, but we need not take
the world pictures of our self-lauding
and abusive politicians too seriously,
because this party system of government with its recriminations ls merely a savage survival, founded on selfish vested interests, and must ultimately pass away like all such things
do.
Also those of us, who are wise, will
not take the lavish promises of the
party politicians too literally, because
when disrobed of their picturesque
verbiage, they become often very
emasculated things, or disappear altogether like the articles in the. conjuring tricks.
Many will remember that at the last
provincial election, several of those
gentlemen were very eloquent over
the oil lands of the north, which they
assured us were very rich, and would
be reserved ln part for the good of
the people of this province.
A good idea, truly, but when a
man of my acquaintance wrote to the
then attorney-general his appreciation of this proimse, and suggested
•the   following   measures,   these   oilfthe form df an increase in their tax-
L
lands, reserved for the good of all,
would comfortably support, \lz:: A
Medical Insurance act, an Old-age
Pension act, insurance against sickness and unemployment, and a system
of state lawyers for the poor, who
often have to suffer gross injustices
because of their poverty, he received
no reply.
That great attorney-general either
through ignorance, idleness or Insolence kept silent, .or it may be, as
he must be regarded as an educated
man even though merely in a legal
sense, that his silence was caused by
an inner knowledge that those wonderful oil lands were mere platform
mirages ln the Bame category as Hob,
legends and myths. In any case, the
letter was disregarded, and'showB us
that political platform promises are
not alwaya to be relied upon.
If you will carefully consider the
measures which were suggested to the
late, conveniently silent attorney-
general by my friend, you must come
to the conclusion that any political
party that would guarantee such
measures would be worthy of support,
and as far aB I personally am concerned, lt would get my vote and what
influence I could bring to bear upon
my numerous friends in its support.
There is nothing in those suggestions to alarm anyone except the absolutely selfish, who might read in
them a fraction less for themselves in
Campaign Notes
Has No Affiliation with Conservative, Liberal or Provincial
Parties
WEDNESDAY HALF-HOLIDAY
Will Oppose Construction By-laws
If Moneys Not Spent on
Day Labor
At Tuesday night's meeting, the
Trades and Labor council on motion,
21 to 20, decided that there is no
aflillation between-organized labor and
the conservative, liberal or provincial parties.
The council was notified that the
federal money for the construction of
its part of the Second Narrows bridge
had not been passed, and that the
minister of labor seemed sympathetic to Insist that it be held, when
passed, until he was satisfied lt was
expended under fair conditions. President Tom Mooro of the Trades Congress ls watching the matter at Ottawa.
The bakery salesmen reported
agreements with several bakeries.
Thc scale for bread drivers ls now
$25,60 minimum, but most of the
union men, It was said, were getting
abovo the scale.
Tho carpenters reported increased
membership, and announced that they
had nominated Delegate Dunn as a
candidate for the Lahor party of
Canada ln some riding to be selected
by tho labor party. Engineers reported negotiations proceedings with
the Pacific Construction company for
a new wage scate. Barbers reported
a new and satisfactory wage scale
agreement,
The council went on record ns opposed to the disturbance of the
Wednesday half-holiday.
The city council will bo Informed
that falling assurance that the construction bylaw moneys will be. spent
in day labor the Trades Council will
do all ln Its power to oppose the passing of the bylaws.
The Burnaby civic employees affiliated with tho council and the delegate was obligated.
Tho council decided to take no action In answer to a request of the
Mnde-ln-B.-C. campaign, other than
to write tho campaign managor pointing out where tho movemont was not
favorable to union labor.
Upon the whole, Premier Macdonald represented in foreign affairs the
overwhelming majority of the nation,
regardless of party,—J. L. Garvin.
The West Burnaby branch of the
Federated Labor party have opened
their campaign offlce and headquarters
in the corner store at Jubilee station.
The first campaign committee meeting
will be held on Saturday next, May
24th, at 8 p.m., and all workers are
invited to come along and help to return Comrade Frank Browne at the
top of the poll. An appeal Is made to
all workers to join our ranks, and
full information will'be given by phoning New Westminster 400R1, Coll.
396L1, and Coll. 318R1.
• *:'        *
On Wednesday next the campaign
committee in Vancouver Heights have
organized a public meeting in the Gil*
mour hall, opposite Gllmour avenue
school, at which addresses will
given by the candidate. Comrade
Frank Browne, Dr, Tolford and others.
• •     •
Last week Henry McEvoy sent out
some thousands of letters to electors
In all parts of the city to indicate
their choice of political parties. In
reply "the cards marked for labor Indicated the most business-like and intelligent compliance with the request,
there being only one card out of the
entire quantity so marked which bore
anything other than the straight labor
vote."
• *     *
Word comes from Nanaimo that
Tom Barnard of that city has received
and accepted the nomination to run
as a labor candidate In Comox. He
is being congratulated on all sides,
and Is assured of election. From now
on till the last vote has been polled,
'Tom" will devote his whole time to
his campaign.
• •      *
A Fernie news despatch says that
Thomas Uphill, sitting member for
Fernie riding In the provincial legislature, was Monday night tendered
the unanimous nomination of the B,
C. Federated Labor party as their
candidate In the coming elections,
• •      *
The Victoria unit of the B. C. sec
tlon of the Canadian Labor party
unanimously chose Mrs. H. W. Graves
as president at its meeting Monday
night. Mrs. Graves is a library commissioner and secretary of the board,
a^member of tho Local Council of
Women and for years has beon an
active worker for children's playgrounds.
• •      •
Tho C. L. P. convention, called for
May 31-Juno 1, has been changed to
May 24-26, when the nominations of
labor will bo finally made.
• *     '«
Jack Logie. labor candidate in
Summerland, is meeting with great
success in his campaign. There ls
overy indication that he will easily
lead at tho polls.
bills, and there is nothing in them
which every man born on this earth
should not be able to claim aa a
birthright ln this boasted age of our
Christian civilization,
There has boen a quickening of
thought on all classes since the war,
and It is obvious to all that something must be done, and done soon,
to eliminate the flagrant Injustices
which obtain on this earth today, or
the threatened disaster will be upon
us with terrible,and tragic suddenness.
To put on the statute books of the
world the measures suggested by my
friend to the conveniently deaf and
dumb attorney-general, would be a
step forward in the orderly evolution
of human society, and would place
the world's producers In circumstances which would relieve them of
the peace-destroying uncertainty
which is their lot today; which would
mitigate the selfishness our present
condition fosters in all of us, and open
up a wider vision to all of a world-fit
for a truly civilized race "of men to
live in, in which the eternal I would
not be centre and focus of all creatde
things,
Which of the political parties that
will soon be so assidlous for our wel
fare, so fraternally, paternally and
maternally anxious over our present
needs, will guarantee to put these
measures on our statute books? When
you have found out, then work and
vote for it, whether it be labor or
liberal or—I was about to mention
the other parties, but I think we may
leave them out of consideration.
But before we get these and other
altruistic measures on our statute
books, I foresee much strife. The
vested Interests will see in them something to forego themselves, and in
their blind selfishness will resist with
all the means at their disposal.
Labor, with ever increasing force,
will strip for the strife. The most
advanced in thought among the lib-
erals (not the party politicians out
for their bite of flesh), will join with
them.andtwo great, final parties will-
evolve—labor and some party with a
camouflaging name which will con'
tain that part of society in which
the savage instinct of selfishness Btlll
burna in its primitive and brutal ferocity.
Labor in the final struggle will gain
the ascendency, and there will remain
but one party, labor, purged of its
selfishness and operating for the
good of all,
Civic Employees to Receive $4.26
Per Day in Place    *
of $4.00
Conditions laid down by the conciliation board have been accepted by the
Civic Employees, the city council was'
Informed by letter on Monday. This
means that the basic wage for laborers
becomes $4.25 ln place of $4, and that
health inspectors will begin work at
8:30, a.m. in future. The council was
also informed that the employees are
willing to pay one-half instead of one-
third of the premiums under the group
Insurance scheme.
FISHERMEN'S UNION
Signed for Closed Shop—Twenty-
flve Hundred Sailing
for Alaska
A recent San Francisco press 8es-
patch says that 2600 membors of the
Alaska Fishermen's union on the coast
have signed a threo years' closed shop
contract with their employors, and are
hipping for Bristol bay and othor
fishing fields.
Thore is one thing about the Dawes
report, which is clear. It is that if we
go on for another two years or threo,
there will ba no hope of relief, no
hope of reparations, of security or
peace, and that Is all that I care about,
and that Is what I am going to work
for.—J. Ramsay Macdonald,
Organization  Makes   Society  a
Huge Machine Ministering to
Its Own Necessities
FOOD    FOR    SATISFACTION
True Individuality Destroyed in
Competition for Wealth-
Happiness Sacrificed
[By Okakura Kakugo]
tVO the mind of the average westerner it may seem but natural to ro-
gard with feelings of unmingled tri
umph that world of today, in which
organization has made of society
a huge machine ministering to
its own necessities. Tho nine
teonth century has witnessed
a wonderful spread in the blessings
of scientific sanitation and sur
gery. Knowledgo as woll as finance
has hecomo organized, and largo com
munltleB are mnde capable of collec
tive action and the development of a
singlo personal consciousness. To tho
Inhabitant of tho west all this may
well be food for satisfaction; to him it
may be inconceivable that others
should think differently. Yet to the
bland Irony of China, the machino appears as a toy, not an ideal. The venerable east still distinguishes between
means and ends. Tho west Is for pross, but progress towards what?
When material efficiency Is complete,
what end will have been nccomplish-
' When the passion of fraternity
has culminated ln universal co-oporation, what purpose Is it to serve? If
mere self-interest, whoro do we find
the boasted advance?
The picture of western glory, unfortunately has a reverse. Size alone
does constitute true greatness, and the
enjoyment of luxury does not always
result fn refinement. Tho Individuals
who go to the making up of the groat
machine of so-called modern civilization becomo the sluves of mechanical
habit and are ruthlessly dominated by
the monster of their own creatln, In
spite of tho vaunted freedom of tho
west, truo individuality ls dostroyed In
the competition for woalth, and happiness are sacrificed to an Incessant
craving for more. The west takes prido
ln Its emancipation from medieval
superstition, but what of the idolatrous worship of wealth that has tuken its place?
What sufferings and discontent lie
hidden behind the gorgeous mask of
the present? The voico of socialism
ta a wall over the agonies of western
economics, the tragedy of capital and
labor.
Call of the Hour
NOT HUE Mil
Insistent and Immediate Demand
—Labor Hut Organize or
Oo Under
LABOB PARTY HAS A HEABT
FOREIGN AFFAIRS
Justice  of    the    Allies—Secret
Treaties Published hy Bolshevik Russia
SYRIA     SEEKS     FREEDOM
Refuse to Co-operate with Frenoh
Brigands and Continual
Disorders Result
[By Frances Wills]
AMONGST the secret treaties published by bolshevik Russia is one
which discusses the share of plunder
for France and England, and which
reads as follows: "France fs to receive
the coast strip of Syria, Addansk, etc,
. Britain ls to receive the southern part of Mesopotamia and Bagdad
and Harpha and Akka. . . The territory between French nnd Bngllsh
territories shall be formed into a confederation of Arabian governments or
an independent Arabian government
(under Franch protection.)"
Of course, the Syrian people knew
nothing about all this. What they
did know was that Britain had eon
eluded an agreement with the sheriff
of Mecca by which they were to receive absolute Independence If they rebelled against the Turks, Without
Arab aid, the English would have been
unsuccessful In Palestine and Syria.
Then Russia published the secret
treaties, and an explanation was demanded. England sought to restore
confidence by asserting that her treaty
with France was null and void Bince
Russia had collapsed, but proceeded
to violate the treaty granting complete
independence and gave up to France
the sea-coast of Syria.
ThlB piece of robbery was executed
with the league of nations looking on
as it were, because from the Syrian
viewpoint at least, the league of nations is "simply an institution whose
aim Is to provide a cloak of legality
for«the encroachments of France and
England; because the council of the
leaguo ls no way bound to consult tho
league itself; because the council is
composed of seven voting members,
the majority being under the control
of France and England, and is thus a
tool in the hands of these two powers,
who continually pretend to speak in
the name of fifty-two nations."
And so Syria Is in the hands of the
French. Not thnt they would mind
that altogether. They woutd have
very little to say If tho allies had
given the country a good administration, but Syria's plight Ih worse thnn
ever.
.Syria Under tho French
The country Is treated exactly as the
Fronch colonies are treated. But Syria is not a French colony. It is supposed la he under the protection of
France, from whom it Is to receive
"counsel and nid." A high commissioner hnving executive und legislative
power rules like a monarch. Tbe so-
called parliament is without any real
privileges; it can only discuss what It
Is permitted to discuss and even then,
its wowl is not necessarily final. Corruption is rife nnd denunciation of
French officials is severely punished.
In this and other respects the country
Is In a worse way than it was when
under Turkish rulo.
Tho press Is strictly censored, and
France votes 18 million francs yearly
as a secret fund for Syrian purposes,
With this sum tho French retain their
influenco by subsidizing tho newspapers, bribing revolting chiefs and supporting spies. Huge sums from Syrian revenues aro used for similar purposes.
Syrian notables who dared to protest
against French tyranny have been
treated ns criminals, detained in fortresses and sentenced to imprisonment
for varying periods up to 15 years, or
exiled for 10 years or heavily fined.
Since Frnnco kindly undertook thus
to protect fiyrla, ft Is remarkable to
note how steadily exports havo declined while Imports havo risen; Syrian
economists predict tho total ruin of
lho country. Franco hns also kindly
offered to "look after" Syrlnn antiquities of inestimable value; these have
accordingly been shipped to France in
spito of the protests of the people.
Thus tho French aro following the
good example of Britain In plundering
Egypt of her national treasures,
Naturally the Syrians are not in a
very sweet mood; they are at the lim-
(Continued on pare 4)
Too Long Trying to Kill Off AU
Those Who Differ from
One Clau
[The Halifax Citlsen, on the occasion of its flfth anniversary, contained the following article from the
pen of Rev. Nell Herman. It contains
houghta (hat are worthy of our mature consideration at this time. We
pass them on.—Ed.]
J ABOR must organize or labor roust
go under. Labor must govern or
be smashed; but before labor can govern others, labor must flrat learn how
o govern itself. The call of the hour
Is the insistent and immediate demand
dor a Canadian Lahor party. But such
a party muat be big enough to embrace the entire needs of the working
class. Such a party must be large
enough to take ih the white collars,
the black shirts and the blue overalls.
Every fellow who wants to work to
the permanent good of a distressed,
perplexed and defeated humanity must
be made eligible to join the ranks of
such a party.
The only close communion that
Bhould bind a Candlan Lahor party ls
the close communion of wbrk and human brotherhood. We need a Canadian Labor party that will not only
manufacture brains, but use brains.
When labor puts as 'Much brain power
nto cohesion am tt does Into division,
the battle will be won for the workers,
and tlie wage workers will have entered upon a new dawn and a brighter
day.
The workers must think through or
tie beaten back. We must have a mass
mind organised by intelligence and
ortlfled by principles.
An intelligent working elass means
an enlightened ruling class. Main
trength and stupidity belong to assrt;
when they are tlie stock-in-trade of
rlasses, such classes'become asses. Let
Us beware of becoming and remaining
The cure tor asslnlty is the
light; and the source of light ls a
working brain, open to every source of
n format lon and inspiration.
We want a .Canadian Labor party
with a heart. Labor has too long been.
endeavoring to kill off all those who
differ from one class. Jt we continue
this policy of annihilation there will
Just be a few of us left, and we shall
be a feeble folk easily disheartened
and more easily whipped.
Labor without .the big heart that
pumps the red blood of humanity is 'a
galvanised corpse that has about as
muoh chance to win as a Chinese has
a chance tp run a laundry and make
money in Abyssinia.
We must have' a Canadian Labor
party that will Ho strong enough to
enforce its Just demands. Unfortunately, the organised profit system of
our day knows no language but the
'big stick."
Labor  must   be  strong  enough   to
(Continued on pag? 4)
British   Labor   Plans   Buildiag
2,600,000 New Homes in
15 Years
MAKE    MIRACLE    POSSIBLE
Government to Deal with Profit-
eers in Building Materials
If Necessary
T ONDON.—HdUSes to rent nt $2 a
week! Two nml a half million
such homes to be built. The government and municipal authorities to
provide subsidies making the miracle
possible. These nre the outstanding
features in the gigantic housing
sohemo now being prepared by the
laborites, Health ..Minister John
Whcatley hns begun dual conferences
preparatory to introducing the scheme
In parliament within the next few
weeks. If (he bill Incorporating the
plan Is defeated in parliament, the
labor government is likely to resign,
thus forcing a general election, The
2.500,000 buildings provided by tho
plan would bc working men's houses.
They would be built by municipal authorities throughout Britain In the
next fifteen years, fn order to enable
thc nuthoritlet? to let the houses at
small rentals, the labor party plans
call for a government subsidy of $45
annually for forty years and a subsidy of $22.50 annually from the district authorities.
Under tlie plan, conferences would
be held at the end of five years to revise the financial provisions of the
housing scheme, if It were necessary
to do so In view Of experience gained
in thc first building work. A special
provision In the bill enables the government to deal with with profiteering in building materials if necessary.
Oovernment .officials claim that tho
plan will also solve finally the longstanding housing probem of tho country. Conservatives assert taht the
scheme would prove an Insupportable
burden for Oreat Britain, nnd eventually would cost the government $126,-
000,000 annually and the municipalities $02,500,000 annually. PAGE TWO
sixteenth year.  No. si BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST, Vancouver, b, c.
British Colombia Federationist
Published eve^ry Friday by
The   British  Columbia  Federatlonist
Business and Editorial Office, 1.120 Howo St,
Tho policy of The B. G. Fedorationist ia
controlled by tho editorial hoard of tho Fed-
orated Labor Party of BrltlBh Columbia.
too. Edward E. Pride, founder, and
J. M. Weeks, publisher, were accorded
special mention for their valuable services.   ■
Subscription Kato: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per. year; Canada, $2.60 per
year, $1.50 for six mont lis; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16o per member per
mouth.
FRIDAY May  23,   1924
THE   COMING   ELECTION
THERE will be a provincial olection
held In B. C. on June 20. nomina
tions being held on May 30. How do
the great army of workers stand in
thts provinco so far as a real live
political show-down is concerned
The labor forces In Vancouver seem
to be all ready for the fray. The
Federated Labor Parly have nominated three candidates In the field subject to confirmation by the C. L. P.,
and one oach at -New Westminster,
Burnaby and Okanagan. Several
othor nominations will be made immediately . The labor mind is fast
growing for a unitod front. The de-
sli'e is ull for co-ordination, largeness, social quality, and an activity
for victory at the polls. This Is the
right spirit. The only weakness, as
ls pointed out to The Fodorationist, is
that until mon of position are willing to be nothing in order that the
great cause may win, labor will
always be vanauishod and lose the
support of Its oft professed friends
and supporters. A larger discern- j
ment of the othor fellow's viewpoint
is necessary: a deeper appreciation
of the psychology of overy unit in the
massed fighting forces of all worker
The Maharg spout Is receiving considerable attention. We wonder what
good will come out of the Investigation. We will be most surprised If it
does not result In another "white
Wash," wince that is thc usual custom. And they say Labor isn't "flt
lo govern!" if they are not, who is,
may we ask?
Labor and the Poets
WILLIAM MORRIS
We are told that for the flrst time,
heads of colleges and universities and
business men will bo brought togothor
to discuss foreign trade, at n national
trade convention In New York. Why
tlie universities and big business, and
Incidentally foreign trade have been
hand in hand for generations, keeping
everything beautifully orthodox in the
sorvice of exploitation of the workers
at homo and abroad.
[By Frances Wills]
WflLLIAM   MORRIS   was   in
WE
RK'UAKPSON   IN   ENGLAND
"/"E note in recent press reports
that Comrade Tom Richardson
is "on the job.''* He has bcen Imparting some very necessary, and we
hope, helpful information to our comrades' in the old land, who may have
been, or are being misled regarding
tho opportunities that are awaiting
them in Canada. Hard as their lot
may be at home, thoro is, unfortunately, little moro for them to look
forward to out here.
Canada's potential possibilities, we
grant, aro boundless, if we had the
type of individuals who possessed the
vision and the foresight, together
with the spirit of human service necessary to develop those possibilities
to their fullest orient for the good ot
their fellowmen. At preient suoh individuals are all too few.
The callous indifference of those In
control of our own immigration policy
here in Canada, towards the poor unfortunates of other lands, who are, In
desperation, clutching' at any and
every straw that they think might
save them from sinking further into
the mire of our modern civilization,
Is appalins*.
Comrade Richardson's firsthand
knowledge of the economic situation
in Canada imparted in his own Inimitable manner, will be a most potent
agency in counteracting the many and
varied falsehooods that have been and
are being spread about the British
Isles regarding Canada's opportunities.
"Men Like GOds," h.v H. G, Wolls
[France's Wills] .
f^NE of the most popular books in
*"' Britain and this side of the Atlantic is this book by one of tho greatest
thinkers. Needless to say, however,
this book is very unpopular with the
reactionaries and with those who
think themselves orthodox and respectable; in reality their minds will
not stand the light of truth, thoir
bigotry cannot countenance progress,
and there la a lurking devil within
which sees evil in all things.
Tbis article does not profess lo be
a learned review, biased in favor of
the author; it is merely a simple description of the book' nnd its bost
features as seen by a worker.
It is "the story of a newspaperman,
who has found the respectable press
not only boring, but repressive, and
felt he wanted a holiday, so he went
to a doctor, who told him he wanted
a holiday, and charged him one guinea. Mr. Barnstable escaped his
family and business cares by great
feats of diplomacy, and finally found
himself, by a strange accident, in a
sort of Utopia along with certain bigwigs, a politician, a priest, a socioty
lady and their numerous appendages.
These great ones act in the manner
oue would expect; our hero is a somewhat: simple-souled follow and consequently he gains most from his sojourn. He is not too clever to learn;
nor too old ln worldtiness to admire
beauty and truth.
The world In which our people find
themselves ls scientific ln every way,
but it has gone through history similar to our own. There was no central government In Utopia; the people
ruled and special decisions were left
ln the hands of those who "knew
most about  the. matter."    Disobedi-
many
ways a most wonderful man. He
was remarkable for the diversity of
his interests, and for the excellence
he attained to as poet and artist,
"He was sincere Jiud he strove to the
last day of his life in bis work of
creating beauty," writes his biographer. He believed in art, not for its
own sake, but for life's sake, and he
believed In using beauty for social
service.
It was this innate love of the beau
tiful that led him- to take up painting
and architecture; that caused him to
recognize something of the ideal Jn
Medievalism whon a workman could
love his craft; it was this devotion to
beauty that lie expressed in painting,
in poetry, in church and house decoration, and which was responsible for
various experiments in dyeing processes. So ho Is known to us as a
great artist, one of tbe greatest color-
is ts, a fascinating prose writer and a
famous poet. But he is known to us
as something more. Strange as it
may seem, it was his love of all that
was beautiful, his devotion to art that
(gradually made a socialist of him.
This may appear drivel on the surface; but no man can bc truly materialist and get the best out of life, i
William Morris who, like all artists, |
was not a materialist, became a socialist because in his lifelong bhttle
ngainst the ugliness and sordidness of
modern life, he felt that conditions
of labor were impossible; he realized
that the soeial system made for ugliness and misery, and so he could not
help opposing capitalism
He had studied painting, designing,
medievalism, languages, poetry; he
had become stooped in ancient lore
which had its effect on his work; and
all his knowledge was the result of
an inherent aptitude aided by great
perseverance in overcoming dlilicul
ties, keen enthusiasm for whatever hi
took up, and a determination to suc>
ceed. And he applied these charac
teristics to bis study of socialism, economics, history, public speaking and
propaganda. He became a leading
light in the socialist field, working
early and late and with all his energy.
Undoubtedly the movement gained
through his influence; his watchword
"oducation toward revolution" was
gradually bearing fruit, and though
he was often discouraged by the ignorance and apathy of the masses, he
realized how different had been their
opportunities from his own.
In those days, to be a socialist was
often to be ostracized, and Morris lost
many friends and incurred much hostility through his ideas. But just as
adverse criticism of his art did not
affect him bo long as he himself was
satisfied with his work (and he was
keenly critical of his own efforts), so
the cold shoulder did not deter him
from socialist propaganda.    He con
And nought but mine and thine they
be,
Ah,  might we drive  thein  forth and
wide
With us should rest and peace abide;
All free, nought owned of goods and
gear.    ...
Common to all, all wheat nnd wine
Over tlie seas and over the Rhine,
No   manslayer  then   the   wide  world
o'er
When Mine and Thine arc known no
more.    ...
To n man who loved his work and
took a prido therein, the thought that
millions toil at work they hate was
appalling. Love of work is one of tbo
good things he sees in the revolution:
Thon a man shall work and  bethink
him
And rejoice in the deeds of his hand
Nor yet come home in  the even
Too faint and weary to stand.
And In bis poem. "The Day is Coming," he says, "all folk shall be better lodged  than swine.
Men ln that time a-comlng
Shall work and have no fear
For tomorrow's lack of earning
And the hunger-wolf anear.
For thnt which the workor winneth
Shall then be his indeed,
Nor shall half be reaped I'or nothing
By him that sowed the seed.
FRIDAY May 23,  1924
Then all mine and thine shall be ours,
Thc  lovely  city and  thc  little  house
on the hill,
And   the   waste   and   the   woodland
beauty,
And  the happy fields we till,-
And   he   goes   on   to   say  that all
literature and art and  marvels and
music shall be ours,  cvorybdy's:
O, why ond for what are we waiting?
While our brothers droop and die,
And on every wind of Ihe heavens
A wasted life goes by?
How long shall thoy reproach  us,
Where crowd on crowd  tbey dwell,
Poor ghosts of the  wicked  city,
Tho gold-crushed hungry hell?
Through squalid life they labored,
In sordid grief tbey died.    .    .    .
Tbey   aro   gone,   there   is   none   can
undo it,
Nor save our souls from  the curse;
But many a million comet*
And shall they be better or-worse?
Come then, lot us cast off fooling,
And  put  by ease and  rest.
For the cause alone Is worthy
Till the good days bring the best.
Come, join the only battle,
Wherein no man can fall,
Where whoso fadeth  and  dieth,
Yet his deed shall still  prevail.
THE ARISTOCRACY UKE A HIGH
BIRTH-RATE
WT WOULD make every girl salute
X the cradle as well as the flag on
empire day," declared a certain English bishop. He laments that just as
the birth-rate has fallen in France, so
it at falling in England. We are glad
that England is at last learning wisdom. Of course, the worthy bishop
has tbe Bible to back him up, and the
Bible always was the tool of the reactionaries; but we have the hard facts
of life. A miserable little cottage
chock-full of bairns; a miserable loaf
that won't go round properly; a miserable class-room overcrowded with
the childron of the poor; the sweet
charity known as the "dole" or the
bread-line; thc terror of unemployment are all results of the high birthrate so admired by the reverend gentleman. A little of thc bitter taste of
poverty, a touch of tho pain known to
the mothers who cannot get proper
attention, a little disturbance from
noisy children to break the calm serenity of his study, would soon make
the bishop sing another tune. No
wonder the church Is losing ground,
when Its leaders are such idiots, such
hard-hearted brutes,
THE HALIFAX CITIZEN
ONE of our best exchanges ls the
Halifax Citizen. It Is "an independent weekly journal devoted to the interests of workers-—male and female,
and absolutely opposed to communism
and revolution by force." Its course
is straightforward and fearless in the
cause which it so ably espouses, und
It has the moral support of the- Halifax District Trades and Labor council.
A press committee proscribes Its editorial., policy, which is applauded by
the workers and citizens generally. As
a popular publication and an advocate
for organizod labor, and the Canadian
Labor party, the Citizen is without a
peer in the maritime provinces. The
last issue was ln commemoration of Its
sixth anniversary, and contained portraits of several of its boosters and
friends, together with articles of a reminiscent and complimentary nature,
and a very creditable number it was,
ence of the unwritten laws was not tlnued a socIa,|8t t0 the last; and jf
punished; "the mind doctor took the he did not towarda the end take such
place of the policeman."   As for pri- an actlve ghare ,n the movement( Jt
vate property, they had  found long
before our visitors arrived that it was
an intolerable nuisance. An artist or
a man of science had complete control of the materials he -needed, but
there was no property for trade and
speculation. Of course, each had
rooms of his own, etc. Even the great
politician was interested in this form
of anarchism. "I take It," he said,
"that you have a great number of people concerned in the production and
distribution of food; who Inquire into
the needs of the world which they
satisfy and they are a law unto themsolves in their ways of doing It.
Nobody compels, obliges, restrains
or prevents them. Others see to the
habltuallty of the world, others pursue science, others experiment with
sensory and imaginative possibilities
and are artists.    Others teach."
Another interesting feature of Utopia was the population which was increased as decreased as resources justified. ('Here the priest was horrified)
nnd said: "You dare to regulate in-
You control it. The wickedness of it.    My God!"
Apparently the planet Utopia had
developed In much the same ways as
ours in regard to religion. There had
heen deliberate changes In thought;
one person responsible or this was a
man who had lived long ago, a sort
of great teacher whose teaching were
wonderful and true. He had been put
to death for them. And those who
had been responsible, "played a trick
upon thoir own uneasy consciences
by treating him us a magical god in
stead of n light to their souls. They
turned the wheel on which he had
been killed Into a miraculous symbol,
and they pretended mystically to eat
him. But the modern Utopians had
reverted to his teachings pure and
simple and followed them because
they were wonderful and true,
The development of the child-life
was another wonderful advance on
our crude systems. "Every Utopian
child is taught to the full measure of
its possibilities, and directed to the
work that Ib indicated by its desires
and capacity, It ls born well of perfectly healthy parents; Its mother has
chosen to bare it after due thought
and preparation. It is brought up
under perectly healthy conditions, its
natural--Impulses to play and learn
are gratified by "the subtlest educational methods. It learns to express
itself. Klndnoss and civility are Ingrained habits. There Is no idle, rich
society, nor games and shows for the
more lookers-on.
There are no parliaments, no poll-
tics, no private wealth, no police and
prisons. Rule ls not needed because
alt the rule and government they need
they have hud in childhood and youth.
Said one Utopian: "Our education ls
our government."
Unfortunately, the blissful experience  of  the   earth-mortals  was cut
was becauae of bad health, the result of overwork. However, the one
mles of socialism would have us believe that he changed his opinions;
but the whole life work aiid the char-P^ank Bacon, and for more than two
acter of the man deny this theory*
Just as medievalism was the keynote to his art, so lt was also the keynote to his poetry. At flrst he wrote
about the "Arthurian' Legends," and
gives us an honest reproduction of
medievalism. "King Arthur's Tomb"
and "The Defence of Guenevere" are
considered the beat of this group.
"The Life and Death of Jason," a
versification of the old Greek story of
the Argonauts is "rich in diverse colors, carefully wrought in every detail, full of interest throughout,"
For thoae who are fond of ancient
folk-stories and classical tales, the
"Earthly Paradise" will be a source
of much enjoyment, containing as it
does legends of ancient Greece and
the Teutonic peoples. Morris himself was steeped in the folk-lore of
Iceland, which country he visited;
and the outcome of this is "Sigurd
the Volsung," the grandest long narrative poem of the nineteenth century. The story of the Niblungs and
the Curse of the Rhinegold has always been a favorite theme with modern artists; Wagner's wonderful
opera "The Ring" Is based on the
samo legend.
Socialist activities put an end for
some time to Morris' literary work,
though In time he realized that he
could best serve the cause by his
writing. Thia doos not moan that we
should underrate his purely propagandist activities. When he took to
writing poems again, we have definite
socialist verse:
Of the rich man It tetleth, and strange
■    is the story
How they have and they hanker and
grip far and wide.
And elsewhere he says:
We ask them for a life of toilsome
earning,
They bade us bide their leisure for
our bread,
We crave to speak to tell our woeful
learning;
We   come   back   speechless,   bearing
back our dead.
In "Mine and Thine," he gives tne
secret of all modern discontent:
Two words about the world we see,
"Llghtuin'" Clean ami Wholesome
When It plays its widely-heralded
engagement at the Orpheum, week of
May 26 to 31, "Llghtnln*" will be
cordially welcomed by theatre-goers
who have waited so long to see Bill
Jones, the flirtatious vaudeville act-
the Reno judge, the famous
court-room scene, the divorcees' hotel
astride the California-Nevada border,
and the other characters and scenes
of John Golden's record-shattering
comedy classic. Seats are now on
sale. For three years "Lightnln'",
packed the Gaiety theatre, giving
Broadway a new long record, and
with nearly two years at the Blackstone theatre, It also holds Chicago's
endurance championship. Thomas
Jefferson, a son of the late Joseph
Jefferson, plays the title role ln the
special cast that Mr. Golden has assembled for a tour of important cities
that have long clamored for "Lightnln1."      Bessie   Bacon,   daughter   of
The first .indispensable condition of
demoratlc pregress must be the maintenance of European peace."'—(1906).
* *      *
"I do not think any fair-minded or
Impartial man, or any average British
jury, surveying the record of the
conservative party upon old-age pensions, could come to any other conclusion than that they had used this
question for popularity alone; that
they never meant to give old-age pen
sions; that • thoy only meant to get
votes by promising to give them; that
they would have stopped thom being
given If they could . . . and now
they would not pay for them If they
could help it."
* '.♦'■*
"I think it Is our duty to use the
strength and the resources of the state
to*arrest the ghastly waste not merely
of human happiness, but of national]
health and strength which follows
whon a workingman's homo", which
has taken him yeara to got together,
Is broken up and scattered through a
long spell of unemployment."
* *      #
And yet th'e man who usod those
words is out to defoat the only party
In Great Britain which has ever consciously or conscientiously tried to
impress upon their fellow voters the
need of a change of the system that
cannot fail to nourish unemployment
in all Its "ghastly" wastefulness. They
are the words of Winston Churchill,
politician and soldier. Yet he is at
least as trustworthy as the British
Columbia brand of politician, military
or otherwise, "horfest" or just the
plain garden variety.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Skewer and Better House
Dresses Are Here at
$4.50
AF fino quality gingham, in noat check, have
^ gathers at hip, box pleated front, with collar,
cuffs and sash of white muslin; colors of blue,
mauve or red; 36 to 40—-$4.50 each.
Also many other highly attractive.models at $3.95,
$4.50, $4.95 to $6 95
—Drysdale's House Dress Shop, Second Floor.
575 OranviUe Street Phone Seymour 3540
"We have arrived at a now Ume.
Lot us realize It. And with that new
time strange methods, huge forces,
larger combinations, a Titanic world,
havo sprung up around us, The
foundations of our power are changing. _To stand still would be to fall
to fall would be to perish. We must
go forward. We will go forward. We
will go forward into a way of life
more earnestly viewed, moro scientifically organized, more consciously
national than any wc have known.'
*      *      *     .
Was ChurchiH laying down tlie
premises for a socialist peroration
when he said.the foregoing?
LETTERS TO
LTHtyTP f
f*   '■   *Zfgj=&===M
[The opinions and tdsas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed ls accepted by the management.]
yeara prominent star ln her father's
supporting cast, will be seen as the
vaudeville actress, and Charles E.
Evans of "A Parlor Match" fame, has
the role of the Reno judge. Other
principals are Margaret Mosler, Stuart
Fox, Frank Thornton, Walter Dickinson, Helena Phillips, Felix Haney, Eugene Kane, Hart E. Heisey, Harry
Maitland, Johnnie LeFevre, J. Harry
Jenkins, Marguerite Miller, Grace
Chappelle, Peggy Shipman, Elva Nelson, Kathryn Mallory and Margaret
Lapsley. A land swindle forms the
base of the plot, and there are two
love romances, as well as the. .rebuilding of a broken home.
Birth Control and Immigrants
Editor B. C. Federatlonist:   I read
with   interest   your   article   entitled
Birth Control Economic Necessity."
I cannot agree with the writer ln his
pernicious doctrine, inasmuch that if
[Canada is ever to become a great nation, it can only be through population. The government is spending vast
sums of money to bring to our shores
immigrants from Burope to populate
the immense lone aroaa of this land of I
splendid natural resources. Large
families are a decled asset to any
civilised country, and should be encouraged at all costs. Our own children make our best citizens. No, sir,
your thesis is not sound logic. Tours
truly, F. R. CURRIE.
Vancouver, B. C„ May 21, 1924.
Progress is no longer measured by
the amount of material accumulation,
but by advance in the art of living,
and that not on the part of a favored
few, but on the part of the community
aa a whole.—J. L. Paton.
hind him a legacy of poetry and song
which, for us, has many inspiring messages.    No poot ever sang of honest
abor as did Robbie Burns, inured to
labor and hardship from his earliest
days, and I hope Miss Wills will doal
at an early date with this Inspired
writer of heart lyrics, who looked out
far beyond his own time and envisioned a future whero "Man to man, the
world o'er, shall brithers be for a'
that,"    Yours, A. FRASER.
Vancouver, 33. C, May 22, 1924.
Labor and the Poets
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: I have
read, with considerable pleasure, your
series of short articles "Labor and the
Poeta," by Frances Wills. The writer
has chosen a subject not only highly
interesting, but intensely educative as well; she has given evidence
of careful thought and study, and I
|am sure I will deeply enjoy further
.rticles in the aeries, I am looking
orward with pleasurable anticipation
to the article, or articles, which will
deal with the Scottish patriot poet,
Robert Burns. Burns, particularly,
could write for the masses; borne
jftown himself by incessant toll of the
Iraost strenuous character, he left be-
-4^ ,-.
of them  showed  his natural colors,
and the texture of his grey matter.
Barnstaple returns to earth at last,
but he has a message. He is going to
bo one of those who deliberately set
out to educate. "Socialism was not a
worn-out proposition; it had been
drawing new life, gaining new vision.
Earth would tread the path Utopia
had trod. Earth which was now no
more than a wilderness, sometimes
horrible and at best picturesque, a
wilderness interspersed with weedy
scratchlngs for food and with hovels
and   slums   and   slag-heaps.
short by an experience in which each' would" grow rich 'and^i'lTand mt»
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THOBE magic boots of old—the batbd*
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The story of tho men-league boots wu
written In the lays of long before the
present time with its (rest possibilities.
These days there is do need for sueh
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hundred tlmea seven leagues. The world
U virtually at one's door. This Sft of
wonderment is baaed, too, on Imagination,
bot it is imagination plus practical experiment and great development.
B. O. TBtBPHOW COMPACT
Ring np Phone Seymonr 28*4
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Sulu*.   301   Dominion   Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
FIRST CHURCH OF
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tieo Oeorfla Strut
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sixteenth YEAH.  no. 2i BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.«.
PAGE THREE
Expression
Plates
My life study—the plate that gives lasting, satisfying
service where others have failed—now offered to the
public at
surprisingly small cost
Estimate and advice on your own individual needs,
without obligation to you.    Phone Sey. 3331 today.   *   .
I make extractions free by safe modern methods of pain
elimination when a plate is ordered.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Formerly Mefnber of the Faculty of the College of
Dentistry, University of Southern California; lecturer on Crown and Bridgework; demonstrator on
Platework and Operative Dentistry, Local and
Genoral Annestbesia.
602 Hastings Street West
Corner Seymour
Bank of Nova Scotia Building
Phone Sey. 3331
Hours:   9 to e.    Open Wednesday afternoons.
Evenings by appointment
I guarantee
my work
for 15 years
in writing.
**&«!*>**
COFFEE
'In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
JWILL GIVE YOU 40
ACRESLAND
Fraser Valley It you will
ugh clear adjoining 40 for us.
light   years   time.    Or sell on
■>• easy terms, nothing down.
od soil. Nelghlmrs, schools,
arkets, roads, null delivery.
JSee GEO. H. REYNOLDS
iulr Hotel, Vancouver, B. C.
—TRY—
hear Mountain
COAL
.1 domestic purposes.  Clean
jrning.   Bootless; no. clinker.
lice $8.75 a ton delivered.
Phone Sey. 2631
Vaneourer Unions
9 PBUiTIHQ TBADIS OODMOIL—
l aaeoad Monday la tha noatk.   Pra-
, J; B. WUta; immwj, H. H. Haat-
| P. 0. Boa ___ 	
PR4TBD LABOB PARTY, Boom 111—
1 Peader St. Weit—Baeiaeia maatiaia
WadaMdajr  aTaaiaf.    A.   Haolaala,
1. — Horrlaoa, a«e.-treaa.; Oaa.
, 11SJ Parkor Stroot. VaaeouTer,
, aorroapeaUag aaarotarr.
* dlitrlet In BrllUk Solambla doalrlaf
latlea ra Hearing apoak.ra er tko lor*
It ol looal braaehoa, kindly .twaiBiBalaata
proTtaalal Beetelary 3. Lfla T.lford,
Slrka Bids., Vaaooavor*. B. 0. Tel.-
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KRY BALESHEN, LOCAL ITI—Moota
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Office houn, 9 to 11 a_n. and 8 to 6
IKLAYEBS AND MASONS—Ir roa need
klareri or miiom lor boiler worki,
ir marble letten, phono Bricklayer.'
; Sll Holden Balldfng.	
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third Prldaja la eaoh month, at MS
a Street. Preildent, David Cuthlll,
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ar, Wm. Donaldion, addraaa 818 Oor*
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' i Street!.   Phone Fairmont 4S04T
Iain
.ANCOUVER THEATRICAL rauta,
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i tho
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p. PfttlplMt: vtofrwtaUMk '*
li lecwUrrtmtnrer, E. H. Weft. Bob 66. Herts Ult tartar °«
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Stntt EHt.
[tonth
__       RUPKBT       T*P*>RAWioIl
fOK, Mo. ilt-frmldwt, B.£. Hm-
» 889.   MotU lut Tkaniay et oMh
Galli-Curci Immensely Populnr
Surpassing all her "previous records,
Galli-Curci, the world-famous singer,
with what Mary Garden describes as
"tho most wonderful voice of the cen
tury," is drawing unprecedented
throngs to her concerts in this her
farewell tour for some years. -Twenty
thousand people heard with delight,
the beloved singer at San Francisco,
where she sang twice. "Nine thousand people shouted themselves hoarse
over her singing," said a San Francisco paper of her first concert, for
her voice is everywhere declared to
be "even more glorious than ever,
At Sacramento, two thousand people
were turned away from the doors,
while over a hundred waited all night
in line before tho box office for the
ticket sale. At Long Beach, the po>
lice had to Interfere, so great was the
crush around the box office, three
days before the concert. In London,
20,000 tickets were sold last February in a fortnight, following the nn>
nouncement that Galli-Curci would
sing In London for the first time, in
October next, at the Royal Albert hall,
Accounting for the unwonted excitement and interest, the Daily Herald
attributed the eagerness to hear her
to the fact that "Galli-Curci is the
only woman who has attained anything like the supremacy of Caruso.
Galli-Curci has already charmed a
whole nation by her gramaphone records alone," remarked the Dally
Herald. Visitors trom Nanaimo, Victoria, New Westminster and Beilingham are coming In large numbers to
the city on Wednesday evening, May
28, to hear at the Arena for the last
time until 1930, the singer with what
Mary Garden calls "the most wonderful voice of the century."
To obey ls slavish, but to act from a
sense of obligation perceived by reason, ls noble.
STAR SINGS HERE
NEXT WEDNESDAY
Galli-Curci
Whoae Concert horn WEDNESDAY
FIRST, at   tin   ARENA at   8.80,
will bo the lost until 1930
Scat Plan at rietchar Broi.
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Men's Blue Chambray Shirt,
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Phono. Fairmont 14
ARTICLE  V. '
[By  Charles  Hill-Tout,   F.   R.  S.  C,
F. R. A. I., etc.)
(All Rights Reserved)
TN the last article we considered the
question of life from the point of
view of its origin and source, and
sought to determine whether it first
manifested itself here on this globe or
whether it came to us by way of some
other celestial body; and could only
reach the conclusion that one might
consistenly hold* either view as far as
the facts of science wore concerned;
though the probabilities, in tho light
of the Panspermia theory, seemed to
favor the lattor view.
We can at any rate be sure of one
thing which ever view we may take,
and that is that life must have flrst
manifested itself under the simplest
and most primitive forms; and that
these were probably ultra-mlcrdscoplc
in character.
It ls certain -that such organisms
only, as we saw in the last article,
could have reached us from outside
our globe through the agency of radiant-pressure; and the fact that we
flnd such life-forms on our globe tO'
day would seem to suggest that even
If life flrst aroBe here it must have
been under forms of this kind; for
they are the simplest and least complex of which we have any knowledge;
and it Is only reasonable to suppose
that life in its earliest was also in its
simplest stages.
Indeed, when we come to consider
the life-forms themselves we shall
find that the functions and activities
of the lower forms of life are so In-
dispenslble to the existence of the
higher and more complex ones, that we
are forced to take the view that in the
great chain of life the lower must
havo appeared earlier in time than
the higher, because they are seen to
be absolutely necessary in the life of
the higher. This fact will become increasingly clear as we proceed in our
consideration of the progress of life,
and will constitute the first great link
in the chain of evidence of organic
evolution.
And as the question of the ascent of
life is so closely associated with the
element of time it will be found profitable if we devote this article to a consideration of the age of the earth; for
only In this way shall we be able to
gather any definite idea of the length
of time living forms have exiBted upon
it; and so flnd an answer to the question: When did life first appear on
this globe?
In our consideration of the nature
of Ufe we saw that it was strictly conditioned by temperature; and that lt
could not have existed here until the
temperature of pur earth had fallen
below 100 degrees centigrade.
How long ago was this? How old
is the earth 7.
Men of science have long sought
answers to these questions. They
have ' approached the problem from
different points of view with the result that their conclusions have not
always been clpsely concordant. In
order to appreciate and compare these
conclusions, and see where they lead
ub, let us briefly examine their modes
of Inquiry.
We can beat do this by taking it for
granted, as they do themselves, that
ln the beginning the earth, aa the
Scriptures have it, was without form
and void. We may assume, further,
that It was at one time In an Incandescent, liquid state. Upon this point
the great majority of scientific men
are fairly agreed.
This super-heated condition may
have been brought about by more
than one agency. But we need not
here concern ourselves with the question of the mode of origin of our sun
and the planetary bodies, whether
they came from the condensation of
nebulous matter br from the accretions
and aggregations of meteoric bodies
which became incandescent by having
their energy of motion transformed
Into the energy of heat by impact
upon each other under the force of
gravitation, or in any other way; the
one outstanding and fundamental fact
is that ln their earliest condition they
were intensely hot masses; and so
high was their temperature that the
elements forming them could exist
only ln a volatilised or liquid state.
The sun itself and the outer planets
appear to be still more or less In this
condition; and that our earth was also'
formerly ln this state and has since
become cooled and solidified at its surface while its interior still remains
exceedingly hot, several obvious physical facts seem to m-ike quite clear to
us,
One of these is that the deeper we
penetrate into the earth's crust the
higher the temperature becomes. We
flnd that on the average it rises one
degree F. for every 65 feet of descent.
We have penetrated to a depth of 7529
feet and found the temperature at this
point 186.6 degrees Fahrenheit; from
which It would seem to follow that at
a depth of about 36 miles the heat
would be great enough to melt the
most refractory substances; and that
below this point the earth must be in
a molten state with the central portions so hot that the matter there must
be ln a highly volatilised or gaseous
condition.
We may feel reasonably sure of this;
for what took place eeons ago In our
earth Is now taking place In the larger
of our planetary bodies. We may in
their transformations, therefore, read
the past history of our own globe.
Another obvious physical fact leading to the same conclusion may be
seen in the occasional crustal movements we know as earthquakes.
These movements through the oarth
teach us that the hard outer shell or
crust cannot be very thick, and that
the core of the earth is probably gase-
From   observations   of   earthquake
authorities in this matter, has deduced
the thickness of the solid portion of
the earth's crust. He finds it to be 50
kilometers or about 30 miles only.
This deduction agrees practically
with the conclusion ■ reached by Arrhenius, who, by estimating the increaso In temperature in penetrating
the earth's crust, found the solid portion to be about 35 miles.thick.
Again, observations of the nature of
volcanic actions, the up-thrust over
large areas of eruptive material in
the form of dikes and "trap-rock,"
and tho presence of hot-springs In various localities, all lead to the same
conclusion. Volcanic action suggests
to lis that our globe most probably
consists of a great mass of gas which
so highly compressed as to be ns
rigid as lf lt were composed of steel.
This ls enclosed ln a shell or case,
which is solid on the outer side and
on the inner remains ln a plastic viscid
condition.
A most interesting proofof this viscous state of things below" the earth's
crust, which makes It seem pretty
certain that our conceptions of the
earth's interior is In accordance with
the actual condition of things prevailing there, is furnished by a peculiar
diminution of the force of gravity in
a mountainous region. And as lt is
supposed to be due to the fact that the
specific gravity of the mountain mass
is loss than that of the denser molten
matter of the interior, we may get
some idea of what brings this phenomenon about by observing .how an iceberg floats in the sea.
We must not, however, press the
analogy top far as the physical conditions In the two cases are radically
different. Apart from this, however,
the analogy is helpful and suggestive;
for something very like this submergence of the lower portion of the iceberg in the water must take place in
the depths of the earth wherever there
are mountains.
This conclusion suggests itself to us
by our measurements of the force of
gravity in mountainous regions. In
such regions, according to Wallace,
this force is found to diminish not only
by the amount due to the mass of the
mountain above the general level of
the land, but by about twice that
amount.
Now this curious and interesting
fact seems to have no other explanation than that the "roots" or foundation of the mountain must extend far
into the magma or fluid matter of the
earth's interior, juBt as the "roots" or
submerged portion of the iceberg extends below the surface of'the water,
only tn different proportions.
There seems to be no other way of
accounting for the diminution In the
force of gravity ln these circumstances.
The specific gravity of the mountain
mass being, understood to be less than
that of the heavier, fluid material, we
seem bound to suppose that the solid
roots of the mountain masses extend
far down into the liquid matter of the
interior and thus lessen the gravitational force at this point.
This fact, then, of the lessening of
the force of gravity In mountainous
districts seems to furnish strong proof
ot the plastic or liquid condition of
the interior of the earth's crust; for
just ln the same proportion as the
upper part of the crust Is raised up
or made thicker by additions above,
so must there be a corresponding
thickness below to keep lt in equilibrium.
From these and similar physical
facts we have good grounds, then, for
assuming that the earth was originally
a mass of incandescent gas. In course
of time by radiation into cold space,
this mass of gas would gradually lose
Its high temperature, cool down and
condense, until finally a solid crust
would form on the outside of It.
Kelvin has calculated that it would
not take more than 100 years before
the temperature of this crust, when
once formed, would sink to 100 degree*
C. But even supposing he ls out In
his estimate by the oversight of some
essential factor In the case, we could
be quite sure that only a very few
thousands of years at longest would
elapse before the temperature would
have fallen below 101 degrees C, that
Is bolow the boiling point.
From this point it would not bo
long bofore a temperature suitable to
organic beingB would be reached.
Accepting, then, these teachings of
science respecting thc origin and constitution of our earth, and admitting
that life could not have appeared here
before a solid cruBt hud formed about
the earth's surface, and the temperature had fallen below 100 degrees C.
can we gather anything definite concerning the period when this took
place? Can we learn how old the
earth ls and thus flnd out how long
ago lt is since life might have flrst
appeared in organic forms or our
globe?
We may certainly reach some kind
of a conclusion on these points, even
though it he lacking ln absolute de-
flniteness.
One method hy which science has
endeavored to estimate the age of the
earth Is to calculate It from the extent
of the shrinkage our globe has undergone by contraction from cooling.
This has been estimated to be 0.8
per cent, of Its radius, corresponding
to a lowering of the earth's temperature more than 300 degrees C, and to
effect this a period of about 2000 millions of years la Bnid to be required.
Joly and other scientists have approached the quostion from a different angle, that of the age of the
ocoans. Let us follow their reasoning
nnd see how thoy arrive at their con
elusions.
Picturing the earth as having been
evolved as outlined above, we may seo
It at one stage of its existence as a
vast seething caldron, from which
steam rises In dense clouds to be pre
sently precipitated upon the hardening
clouds. Later, when the crust has
thickened and the surface-heat has
lessened, these vapor clouds can condense and fall upon the earth ln the
form of rain. This collects and fills
the hollows in the tumbled crust
These hollows or cavities, deepening
by further contraction and surface
movements of the crust, slowly grow
into the grea£ ocean basins of today.
But when this happened their waters were not salt as they are now.
The salt ofthe oceans has all been derived from the crust of the earth.
By estimating the amount of salt in
the sea and also in the fresh-water riv-
erH, from which the salt of the Bea
has come, Joly waB able to calculate
the amount of salt in the sea; and
comparing this with the amount that
all the rivers of the world could supply Jn the course of a year, he was
able to reach the conclusion that it|
would take about 100 millions of years
to accumulate the present amount of
salt ln the sea.
This conclusion would be practical-!
ly the same whether we considered the
ocean basins to have come Into existence in the manner described above,
or whether they were formed, as some
scientists now think, by the breaking
away of the moon under the influence
of the tidal action of the sun upon
the earth's mass in its earlier and
more plastic condition. It Is supposed
under this view that the gravitational
pull of the sun resulted In giving the
earth's mass a pear-shaped form; and
that under the strain of the tidal action the Btem-part of the earth broke
away from the rest and became the
moon, leaving behind great cavities i$|,
the remaining portion which became
the ocean abysseB we know today.
Tills modern view of the moon's origin explains fairly satisfactorily the
presence of those abysses of the ocean
which in depth are greater than tho
heights of the highost mountains, tho
existence of which has always been
difficult of explanation on the ground
of mere crustal contraction.
But this is by the way. We touch
upon it here because it has an important bearing upon the question of the
distribution of life-forms which we
shall have to consider later.
Another estimate is that reached by
the geologists. They have arrived at
the conclusion that from 100 millions
to 1000 trillions of years have elapsed
since the earliest sedimentary layers
of the earth's crust were laid down
by the rivers of archteic times. They
arrive at this conclusion by observing
he rate at which the new sediments
are being laid down today at the
mouths of our rivers and estuaries;
and by assuming that the rate of such
sedimentations has been fairly uniform
all down the ages; an assumption that
is strengthened by our Increasing
knowledge of the secular changes our
earth has ppssed through.
Still other estimates have been
reached by the physicists. Rutherford
has attempted to gauge the earth's
age by estimating the age of the minerals forming lta crust.
According to our preaent knowledge
helium ls produced from uranium and
thorium by the slow dissociation or
'disintegration of these elements. Rutherford set himself the task of dlscov-
covering how much helium comes
from a given quantity of the other two
substances in a year. This he succeeded In doing, and by calculating from
this basis he has found that It would
make the earth about 400 millions of
years old.
Estimates of a similar nature ar
rived at by other physicists, by ascertaining the quantity of radium ln the
minerals of the earth's crust, give figures that differ considerably from
those reached by Rutherford; some
being higher and others lower than
thfs. The examination of the archaan
rocks of Ontario, for example, gave
600 millions of years as the age of the
earth. Certain rocks in Norway gave
only 54 millions of years. The rockB
of Ceylon gave estimates running
from 320 millions to 1600 millions of
years; and a study of the rocks of
Sweden gave figures as high as 1000
millions and 1300 millions.
Comparing these various estimates,
then, we flnd that our globe may be
somewhere between 100 millions and
2000 millions of years old.
This Ib admittedly a rather indefinite
estimate, but when we consider that
the units of geolgical time are millions of years, it Is as near, perhaps,
as we cun expect to get; and by taking
the meun of the various numbers given
we mny arrive at the fairly definite
flgure of about 800 millions of years.
Taking this estimate to be ub close
an approximation of the earth's age
as science can roach at thc present
time, we may conclude that lifo in
some form or other hus existed here
for nt lenst several hundred millions
of years.
Having now learned practically all
we may, In the presont state of scientific knowledge, of the nature and the
source of life; and the length of time
that has elapsed since it may havo
first appeared on our globe; and that
this period ls sufficiently long, even
under the minimum estimate, for the
evolutionary process, as conceived by
Darwin and Wallace, to have produced
all the varied forms of life now existing or which existed In the past, Trom
a simple prlmodlal life-germ; wc are
now ready to enter upon our consideration of the various lines of ovldonce
upon which Bclence has established
the doctrine of organic evolution. And
this we will proceed to do in the next
article.
(To be continued)
A London papor announces that certain socialists ministers became possessed of their levee dresses nt the ox-
pense of a certain exalted personage.
Perhaps; and nearly all tho exalted
porBonagos who have ever worn levee
drcsH have becomo possessed of them
at the oxpenso of, and from the labor
of, many lowly personages.—Forwnrd,
A mortgage casts a shadow on the
sunniest field.
movements Milne, one of our highest' crust only to be again  turned Into
Intellectual  disobedience Is one of
the conditions of progress.
PAINT NEWS
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Every item is guaranteed as to covering and
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Interior Spar Varnish—For all woodwork and
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fine gloss.  Per quart, 75c.
Pure Turpentine—For household use and
paint mixing. Imperial pints, 35c; Imperial
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A Hudson*Bay tfomirattu- a
VANCOUVEIt, B. 0.
Labor and Organization
******
******
******
The Function of the Federated Labor Party
[By M. S.] <
YVTHEN a proposition to form any
^* new organization In a community, such as a church, a Kiwanls or
Rotary club, a new chapter of the I.
O. D. E., or even a labor political
unit or orgainzatlon I think that we
are justified ln questioning the need
for such a centre of activity. So far
as local branches of the Federated
Labor party are concerned, I am convinced thai they can become a valu
able factor In the social, Intellectual
and economic life of the people in
the district In which they are formed.
I therefore propose, fn this article, to
submit to you my reasons for this
conclusion, and aHk you to give them
your consideration, especially lf you
are in doubt as to what your attitude
towards this movement should be.
The Federated Labor party ls a
unit of that young and virile political force known as "labor." As such
it promised and proposes In Its platform, and by Its ideals to govern the
people by constitutional and parliamentary methods, free from graft,
corruption and capitalistic dominance,
because Its platform Ib founded on
socialism, and socialism Is an Idealism of industrial and political economy, cherished by an educational democracy in opposition to the present
system of human exploitation a
practised by n capitalistic autocracy.
It must be obvious to the most
casual observer, and especially those
of us who have viewed conditions existent in thc crowded industrial centres of the European and eastern
countries, that thc capitalist system
lms failed to utilize naturnl renources
and productive power, and to provide
from them a atandard of existence in
harmony with the natural aspirations
of nn intelligent people.
When we remember the glibe promises given by our hoary politicians
and diplomats in the early dnys of thc
great war. how, when our manhood
marched to death, and our women
nnd children remained at home lo face
livo-H of lonesome sorrow, when
through the fires of Armageddon and
through the torture uf n million kouIs
on the hattlcfleldH of Europe, a fairer
existence would a rise, wc quostion
their knowledge or sincerity. They
promised that lu the serenity of peace,
labor would receive Its Just reward,
aud the world would be made a place
flt for heroes, for men nn women to
live In. Whon we remember these
promisee, and look nbout us to see
thoir fulfilment, whnt do wc flnd?
A world crUBhed by a load or debt,
from which It would seem Impossible
to arise. Our children's children saddled with thc responsibility of the
Interest on that debt, which goes on
an on in a vicious circle from which
we can never escape. Unomploymont
In unprecedented volume, sapping the
life blood and ambition from the
workers. Thc rumblings of war, and
thc Invention nnd manufature of
fiendish engines of destruction he-
coming more prevalent day by day.
Commissions nud cmiuirleH in every
country sitting iu futile efforts to
place   responsibility    for    grnft  und
bare-faced exploitation, and above
alt, a system of education deliberates
ly planned and maintained for thaj
purpose of fostering and Increasing;
the. power of the vested Interests that
sit enthroned ln every legislature,
Examine the composition of the so*
called democratic governments,
Italy ln the hands of the Fascist!*
openly pledged to the perpetuation ofl
capitalism* and the degradation of organised labor ln every shape and
form. France and Germany-still con*
trolled by the militarist castes that
launched the cataclysm of 1914. America, the land of freedom, with lta
conglomeration of Wall street flnanclal junkers, swaying the lives and
destinies of millions from Washington. In Britain we flnd tha "dies
hards" of an obsolete syatem, based
on the superiority of autocracy and
wealth, fighting desperately to retain
their prestige against the onslaughts
of a new democracy, while Hubs!*
alone among the nations, facing th<|
opposition of a world with Its capitalist-owned military forces arrayed
against her, pursues her definite path,
towards the goal of an idealistic oh,
jectlve. There Is, no doubt, that tha
Russian soviet government, though
an uneducated democracy, when it
was hurled Into power, on the crest
of one of the bloodiest revolution!
that has ever shaken the foundations
of humanity Is, as It gains intelligence and experience by the responsibilities of its position, demonstrating
to the political monopolies of capitalism, that evolution, even thought
evolution must finally displace and
supersede that older system of oppression which our socialism seeks to
abolish  by capitalistic methods.
Do not mistake my eulogy of Russian sovietism for advocacy of its revolutionary propaganda. I am still
proud to believe that we of the Anglo-
Saxon race have long passed tho
stage where force appeals to reason,
Tho parliamentary labor party, ns wo
know ft, In Oreat Britain and thc dominions, points the way to emancipation through a cultural revolution,
■based on lho education of the people.
The citizens of today are lhe men
and women of the factories, tho
workshops nnd the offices, of the forests, thc fields and the mines, the
workers nnd the thinkers. The social
order of today must meet the challenge of this citizenry. There can be
no compromise with tlie exploitation
of men and women and children, with
long hours nnd low wages. Thero
can be no compromise with the denial
of education. There can be no compromise with unemployment arising
out of social conditions, bocause such
conditions are a disgrace to tho nations that suffer tinder thom.
These problems nnd their solutions
Is the platform of the labor party.
Thc koIutions demnnd a complete
change in our social and economlo
life. How. when and where this
change can be made, is part of the
educative progrnmino which political
labor submits to Its followers.
The  Federated  Labor   party  seoks
(Continued on page 4)
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Deslpw, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Sluulo Trees, Beeds, Bulbs, KlorM*' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLOIUStS AND NCRfiERYM__N
M HaaUnfi BUcm HM        t—OTonES—_        MS GranTlU. —net
Bejr. »_»-_71 "8AY IT WITH FLOWKBS" Bey. MIS-llll PAGE FOUR
sixteenth year,  no. 2i BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, aq
FRIDAY .May
INTERNATIONAL LABOR
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
Argentina
Immigration—It is said that a
steady stream of immigrants has augmented the overcrowded commercial
centres of Argentina and -supplied an
abundance of labor.
Brazil
t
Compromise Draymen's Strike —
After a three-hour conference between the Manaos merchants and
striking draymen, the strike of the
latter was settled by a compromise
for an increase in pay amounting to
$30 per month. The strikers had ori'
ginally demanded $50 per month as
a total increase in their pay.
England
Unemployment Among Juveniles—
It is roported by the Juvenile tmem
ployment committee of Liverpool that
6500 out of 50,000 boys and girlB, between the ages of 14 and 18, who are
eligible for employment, are out of
work.
Esthonia
Government Economy Reduces Construction—As a means of providing
work for Estronla's unemployed, municipal authorities have been endeavoring to orgar^ze public works. The
government has announced, however,
that credits will be available only for
building dwellings for the use of government officials, and construction
work has been curtailed.
Germany
Eight-hour Day Issue—Workmen
employed in the Central German
chemical industry has been holding
meetings for the purpose of adopting a definite uniform plan of action
in their efforts to regain the eight-
hour dorking day.
Ireland
Unemployment—According to the
books of the ministry of labor of
northern Ireland, unemployment ls
declining steadily, the latest reported
total being 35,383,-as compared with
55,657 on January 1, 1923.
Paraguay
Industrial Normalcy—With the cessation of the political disturbances,
which brought about the almost complete disorganization of labor during
1923, industrial prosperity is predicted for Paraguay, together with the
Goes Into Secret Session
By WINNER
Call of the Hour
(Continued from page 1)
bock up its programme or organized
capital will have strength enough to
laugh labor off the stage.
If there had been a Canadian Labor
party thoroughly organized by brain
and heart, the coal miners of Besco
would have secured the wage agree-
men of 1921, and the steel workers of
Sydney would not have grovelled in,
the dust of defeat in 1923.
Chinese sailors will continue to man
Canadian ships so long- rs Canadian
workers fail to man the Canadian ship
of state. And our ship of state will
always be sailed by yellow politicians
just so long as white Canadians live
and move with yellow streaks down
their backs.
When we have our backbone in the
place of our wish-bone we shall have
our wishes gratified, and not until
then.
Canadian labor must have a backbone strong enough to sustain and
carry the entire fighting body of the
workers of this country, from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Then shall the
'lion and the lamb—in the field of
economics—lie down together.
,u
When we have finished our job, it
will be with pride and not with shame
that we will lay down the burden of
office.—Ramsay Macdonald.
prophecy that it will soon regain Its
place as one of the foremost meatpacking countries of South America.
JASPER NATIONAL. PARK
EDMONTON—CALGARY
Ticket! on Bale
HAT 15th to SEPT. SOth
Final Return Limit
OCT. 31st	
TO
EASTERN  CANADA
CENTRAL and EASTERN STATES
Tickets on Sale
MAY 22nd to SEPT. 15th
Final Return Limit
OCT. 31st
FULL INFORMATION FROM ANV TICKET AGENT
Canadian National Railways
TIMELY TOPICS
,«..».i..i..imiHM«.i»nii«.nii«ii»niH'ii"i"»iiii'i'i"t'
rVHB events of the past week are'
* worthy of more than passing notice. Things have happened that will
have an effect upon the future of the
world greater than anything we have
ever experienced. The vote of confidence that the labor government received when the budget proposal was
sustained In the British house of commons, will serve to protect us, for a
time at least, from many wreckless
prophesies such as we have been experiencing during the past few weeks.
Apparently Premier Macdonald knows
where he is going and how. That is
more than many of the premiers have
known in the past, in spite of their
boasted majority in the house.
■H**************^^
Ask for
\
"OLD ENGLISH"
Pale Ale
A foil-bodied, fine flavored Ale
**—t will compare in quality with
ny of the Cameras imported
Ska, and at mnefa less cost to the
At aO
Gf*n—Bi__ft Vcadno
nil
*—a l—jftor Control Botrd
BilU_-_ Ottfannna.
tenet pobtfefaed
at d-f-jtito
or by tbe Government
a___--_---t_-_----_--_-_m
mmm
In France, the great obstacle to the
peace of the world has been more or
less thrown Into the discard. Poincare
has gone. No doubt, the majority of
the people ln this and other lands
have been taken quite by surprise to
learn that the socialist and radical
movement had reached the proportion
that it has in France. The daily .press
of our land have persistently misled us
on these matters, since they would
havo us believe that Poincare was sure
to be returned. When will they be,
what they claim to be, a true representative of the public opinion.
...
We are informed through our dally
press that German capitalists
ready to go ahead with the Hudson
Bay railway scheme and develop min
eral, oil and other resources adjacent
to Hudson bay. Col. R. H. Webb,
member .of the working committee of
the On-to-the-Bay association, ls reported to have said, "Canadians must
consider whether they will let tho Germans do this or complete the road
themselves." It seems odd that our
capitalists and German capitalists can
think of mingling so freely—after all
they have said about each other—
when they would not allow the Tommies to mingle across "no-man's-land"
during a lull ln the battle. The German Tommies must have been especially bad!
* •      •
We have said oft times before, and
it can, bear repeating again In this
connection, "capital knows no flag."
Is it to be wondered at that labor, too,
is adopting that same attitude? Surely the capitalists, of all people, should
be loyal to their flag and country. Our
Tommies fought for them, that's apparent, for they certainly did not get
anythinglhemselves—but misery and
doprudatfon.
• •     *
-Mr. Beatty, C. P. R. chief, has expressed his satisfaction with the immigration situation, stating that the
"Work of the agents in Great Britain
and on the continent ls bearing fruit."
It may be bearing fruit, so far as increasing the earnings of the C. P. R.
is concerned, but we cannot see that
Canada Is prospering very much thereby. Of course, we are not suggesting
that the C. P. R. is being run In tho
interests of Canada! We would mako
this observation, however, that In
spite of lhe millions of dollars thot
have bcen spent by the Canadian government for the purpose of bringing
Immigrants into this country, tho increase in our population is hardly that
of the Increase that would result from
the normal birth increase. Thero is
an enormous leak somewhere. They
used to say that tho test for a man's
sanity was to put him in a room where
a water tap was running. If he allowed the tap to run when the basin became full, and began to ball the basin
out, rathor than turn off the tap, then
It was concluded that ho was of unsound mind. We fear that should this
test be applied to our government,
many familiar faces would soon be
missing.
...
According to our relief officer for
Vancouver, many of the Immigrants
are most undesirable in type. That
may be so. So long as conditions are
as they are hero, almost anyone ls an
undesirab'le. Our Immigrants will be
among the flrst to flnd it out, too. What
OITT OP VASOOUVEH
TENDERS FOE FIRE HOSE
rrms nritonlgned will rocolve tendon up
___!? f,2 °'.c'°ck Tu™-l»y. J«n» tbo 10th, for
loZtXX 2!4'"lch *re hMn' 'm"M
JAMES   STUART,
- Purchasing Agent.
THE OOBPOBATION  OF THE  DISTBIOT
Or SOUTH VAHOOUVEB
TAX NOTICES HAVE BEEN
MAILED FOR 1921
ANY PERSON not having roceived notice
may get one on application to the Tax
Collector, giving the full legal description of
property.
Tht lut day to avoid payment of tho Tea
Per Out penalty li June 30th, 1024.
is there about our so-called business
governments to recommend itself to
the public anyhow?
* *      *
It would appear that the Fascisti
movement is spreading. It is a typical representation of what we might
expect to develop when capitalism
finds that it is loosing its grip on the
minds of the people. It is apparent
that obedience to the law of the land
is only good for a certain class of society, in the eyes of our rulers. If
they will only practice what they have
been preaching, the future will hold a
lot worth while for us all. If they do
not, then they will have made their
own bed, and they must lie in it.
* *      *.
Even experts, so-called, given to
prophesy regarding future political
events, are far from reliable. We notice that Andre Tardieu, following his
defeat for re-election, has decided to
retire from public life, and his newspaper, the Echo-National, (which,' by
the way, could hardly have been a
true echo), will cease to appear this
week. Even Tardieu, great writer that
he was, cannot stay the progress of
civilization for long. Others in the
same class might as well prepare for
a similar fate in the not distant future.
* *      *
We see that our city fathers are
anxious to increase the number of our
unemployed. Nothing like giving this
matter attention, since, "no doubt, the
relief officer Is a little slack just now.
Perhaps some one is being paid on a
commission basis fpr handing out the
doles. Capitalism, as we have seen of
late, moves fn mysterious ways, its
wonders to perform. If Alderman
Worthlngton had been in the active
practico of medicine, we might have
been suspicious that he wanted some
one for whom he might order a health
giving tonic. Why not? It would only
be good business on his part.
* *      *
The wars waged by the allies on
Russia and the infamous blockade,
were responsible for more destruction
and loss than the three previous war
years. But the Soviets are gradually
reconstructing. Were It not for them,
Russia would he a desert, says Bakowsky, the ambassadar in Britain.
* *      •
Before tho Soviets came into existence, only i per cent, of the soldiers
could read or write; today the proportion is 85 per cent.
«      *      «
We are sorry to hear that our comrades in Italy are misbehaving and deliberately murdering or injuring the
carbiniers. We are sorry, too, that
they actually behave like wild beasts
when tried, which is some reflection
_pn the wild beasts who govern them.
But southern blood is hot, especially
when frenzied by the tyranny of the
turncoat Mussolini.
* *      *
We are told (but then we are told a
lot of things) that it took 138 people
including three women, (some crowd)
to rob and murder nine carbiniers, and
Injure a score of others. We wonder
what provoked the usually tame work-
era to such drastic measures? By the
way, this was three years ago,
* *      •
So Jamaica is at last waking up to
the fact that she would be better
without British rule; the people are
actually losing confidence in the ollicers of administration, and rebelling
against their money being voted away
light-heartedly. There's some hope
left yet.
* .    *      •
Sir Thomas White ls reported to
have said that "every minister of finance ln the past 13 years has felt
himself in a very grave dilemma when
he received a complaint regarding the
condition of a bank." We have consistently contended that such condition existed in our governmental circles. Now we know it. Sir Thomas
says so himself, Big business has always held the control of the reins of
government in their own hands in
spite of the fact, that we have, what
is represented to us as being a democratic form of government. Workers,
Please note that a change in the party
in power has never altered that'condition.
* •      *
Windermere, writing in the columns
of the Dally Province, states that hon-
osty, unchecked by a sense of timeliness and discretion, is a dangerous attribute in a politician. We are not in
agreement with such an Idea. We feel
that honesty should be at all times,
In the forefront, no matter when,
where or how. But we do admit we
sre rather startled when we meet lt
among the ordinary type of politicians. It is so rare a flower to be
found blooming alone.
THE IM "HOT
Is Eternal Governing Principle
and Absolute Oause of All
Created Things
LATENT    MENTAL    FORCEB
Organized labor ln New York city
raising fund to start labor weekly.
Man Highest Governing Principle
and Absolute Oause of All
Created Things
[Nemesis]
TF7E think of matter and its nsso-
* ciated energy as uncreatable and
eternal, and we cannot think of them
as existing apart from each other.
We cannot think of this omnipresent
energy as a controlling power, because in all its actions and reactions,
it is automatic in its functioning. A
stone will fall to the ground on every
planet, and in every purt of the universe; certain atoms will chemically
combine with others to form similar
combinations to those formed on our
earth.   We cannot thing otherwise.
There Is no such thing as stillness;
motion fs universal. The universes
travel iTd their parts revolve, and rotate and tho atoms of which they are
composed nre ever pulsing and whirling, all ln orderly, nndeviating mo'
tion and each revolution, each rota
tion, each pulse and whirl ls regulat
ed by cosmic law. But law does not
rule, lt works automatically, ma
chine-like, undeviatingly, everlnstlng
ly. But past and beyond, behind this
eternal matter, energy, motion, law
and order we must postulate cause—
absolute, eternal, omnipresent, omniscient cause. There is no way out of
that postulate; logic, imagination, In
tuition all confirm it, and that cause
is the only reality, the only unchanging factor in a cosmos of eternal
change.
In dwelling upon the nature of that
cause, it is Impossible to think of it
ln relative terms, To attempt that Is
to attempt the impossible, and the
whole thing becomes rediculous. But
we must think of lt because it exists;
because It ls tht only reality and because man is the highest expression
yet evolved in the ephemeral, physical life of tse cosmic process; and it
would seem tnat self-conscious life
Is the final, logical expression of that
process, for if you imagine the whole
cosmos without that expression, the
leason foi it all becomes very vague
and shadowy and passed all comprehension.
Let your imagination, as far aB it
will allow, take in survey the things
which exist from the countless myriads of revolving suns with their attendant . satellites to the unseeable,
pulsing electrons and thinking always
in the absolute, try and associate with
lt evil in any shape and form, nnd the
attempt is vain. Therefore, it follows
that the eternal, governing principle
of all things ls Good—absolute Good,
nnd that is tho only word we can apply to the eternal, incomprehensible,
unknowable principle concealed behind all phenomena, directing nnd
controlling all and everything, seen
and unseen.
Good is the most comprehensive j
word Jn our language. It implies all
there Is of the unpassing, unpassable
realities, love, wisdom, intelligence,'
reason, beauty, power order and a
host of others—and good in the absolute ls the cause and sustalner of
all created things. It Ib the one I Am
of everything which exists or even
can exist—good, love, reason, power,
beauty and justice, not attributes, but
absolute ln the great absolute Good
of the universe.
Good works always by law, unceasingly, unalterable, unceasable law,
and the great law of the universe, the
law of good, whose altruistic reactions
constitute the whole of good for love,
wisdom, Justice, beauty and all good
things, we can comprehend nre the
reactions to the observance of the
fundamental law of good.
There is no royal road to happiness
the logical end of reason, or human
existence. It may be attained only
by observing the Law. of Good,.
As the primary and fundamental
cause of all existing things ls good,
tho all controlling force of the universe, a concentration of this force Jn
any being conscious or self-conscious,
or ln any unconscious body ensures
for that being or body a state of perfection that is a normal condition of
good.
Man possesses latent mental forces,
which awakened into action and
working perfoctly In accord with this
fundamental force of good, can directly influence the beings and the things
around him for good, for this force of
good, vibrating* through the whole of
the cosmos, can by a conscious and
mental efTort in compliance with the
law, be concentrated Into any body or
being, the result being normality,
which is good.
Evil is an absence of this force of
good, an abnormality not a reality,
just as darkness or cold ls the absence of the vital principle of light
or heat, and as the absence of light.
or heat can cause tribulation and suffering to an organism, so absence of
good can also, and in a more marked
degree, cause mental and physical
suffering, in a nation or an organism.
The whole world today Is full of
much suffering, caused by the absence
of the cosmic principle of good In
man's mentality.
In the world today, this absence of
good is manifested in the most destructive—as regards human happiness—and the direst of all follies,
greed and selfishness, which are intensifying appreciably with the passing of each decade and leading to
universal disaster, for there is no escaping from the consequences of
broken law.
There ls no way out, either for the
individual or the nation, but by conforming to tho law, and all the preaching and the praying; .all the weeping
and the walling, will avail nothing
unless they lead to the strict observance of the law. Happiness can be
gained here on oarth or on any other
planet in the whole of space only by
this observance; nil else is vain and
fruitless.
But in the future age, when mnn>
eyes are opened, and he grasps the
truth, and conforms to the law, then
many so-called ..tirades will happen,
Normality will bo established; altruistic incentive will supplant the bestial, selfish incentive which prevails
today; social evils will automatically
cease; disease and pain will disappear
nnd man on a higher plane, thnn he
yet has dreamt of, will enter into the
normal state of true happiness.
Foreign Affairs
(Continued from page 1)
Its of their patience. They refuse to
co-operate with the French brigands,
and continual disorders result.
The French will have to evacuate
Syria before conditions return to normal; but lt looks very unlikely that
this will happen until H has to happen. The French will not give up
their treasure any more than the rest
of the world capitalists will relinquish
what does not belong to them. And,
of course, the people do not help matters on very much when they continue
to regard their own particular nation
as a beloved fatherland whom they
must support whether right or wrong.
Rather they"should recognize in the
Syrian episode only one phase of a
world-wide wish for freedom from the
dominating classes.
Labor and Organization
 (Continued from page 8)
to place this educational propaganda
in the lives and the homes uf those
who livo in the district iu whicli
this movement fu ictions. If wo are
in full sympathy with the mnvunpnt
let us prove it by our diligence in
study. Let us prove it by our loyalty
at the ballot-box. l*et us prove it bv
our energy and enthusiasm displayed
in the Interests of humankind. No
other movement affords us bo great
an opportunity for real service to our
fellowmen.
W. KKILSO.
*
Logger* and Surveyor*
BOOTS
Made to Order
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Repairing Neatly Done
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VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
Phone, Seymour 938
WE CATER TO THI! LABOI
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VANCOUVER, B. O.
DR.W.F.E.PHMN
CHIROPRACTOR
Palmer Graduate
Backache,   Sprains,   Rheumatism, Stomach and all Internal Troubles.
SIXTH FLOOR (615)
DOMINION BANK BUILDING
307 HASTINGS ST. W.
When a fact can be demonstrated,
force ts unnecessary; when lt cannot
be demonstrated, force is Infamous. .
Patronize Federatloniat advertisers.
Best $2.50]
GLASSES   ON   EABTH.
Glaeaee not prescribed nnleis ab-
■ohitely Decenary.    Examination* I
made by graduate Eyesight Special- f
IstB.    Satw/aciion guaranteed.
W« grind oor own leasee. Lnml
duplicated hy mall,
PITMAN
Optical House
(Formerly Brown Optical Home) I
Bi   eare   of   the   addreu—Above!
Woolworth'a Store, new
OraaTillp.
Suite 30, Davit Chambers,
61S HASTINGS STBBBT WEST]
Phone Sty. 1071
THE CHOICE OF THE UNION*
CATTO'S
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Tbis tdvirtiMment ls not pubUibed ox displayed by tbs Liquor Control Botrd or)
by tbo Oovornmont bf Britiih Columbia
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,]
** McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
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$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.]
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399

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