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British Columbia Federationist Aug 11, 1922

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BRITISH COLUMBIA
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:   STRENGTH*
Official Organ Vancouver Trades aad Labor Council (International)
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTORY
FOURTEENTH YEAR.   No. 27
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER; B. C., FMB$Y MORNING, AUGUST 11,1922
S&50 PER YEAR
ii GROUP TO WOMEN VOICE
1 LEAVE FOR
Y
Miners from Pennsylvania
and Other Workers to
Start Big Project
Another Party Leaves for
Kuzbas August
26th
[By Harry Godfrey]   ■
(Federated   Press  Correspondent)
New York—The third cargo of
pioneers has Balled from New York
on the liner Rotterdam, on the
flrst leg of the journey to Siberia!
where.its members will engage In
the workers' project in the Kuznet*
*Ky basin and the Urals to develop
industry and natural resources on
a basis of service and un without
proflt.
The party numbers 135, of which
84 are workers, and the others
members of their families. Thirty-
one of the men are miners from
Pennsylvania, Illinois and WeBt
Virginia, while the remainder are
farmers, machinists, electricians,
lumbermen, engineers, etc. Some
came from Seattle, and some from
far-off Alaska.
The party lands at Rotterdam,
where lt will transship into the
Warwiwu, which has been especially chartered by the Kubas organization for the trip to Petrograd, While there the pioneers
will bo housed ln the Smolny Institute, after which they will undertake the final stage of their
Journey along the northern route
to their new homes ln the Urals*
and in Siberia.
The workera represented many
nationalities, Including American,
Finnish, Russian, Lithuanian, German, Croatian, Austrian, Jugoslav, Swiss, Swedish, Cuban, Polish
and Hungarian. Besides their own
equipment of tools and clothing,
they are taking with them more
than two tons of clothing for the
use of the Russian workers In the
districts to which they are going,
as well as other gifts.
One of the members of the party
Is an American mining engineer,
Alfred Pearson, Jr., who Ib to take
charge of the mines at Kemerovo.
Pearson who is a Socialist of many
years' standing, Is accompanied by
• his family. For many years he
has been chief draughtsman, engineer and assistant manager
of the Consolidated Coal Co., and
served as chief engineer for' the
Pennsylvania May Coal Co., the
mines' of which have an output of
2,000,000 tons a year.
The Kemerovo mines," he said,
are capable of a minimum output
of 1,000,000. tons of coal annually.
That will go far toward relieving
, the shortage of fuel on the Trans-
Siberian railroad."
Still another party will start for
Siberia and Kuzbas Aug. 26. Steel
men, miners, cement plant operators, high-grade machinists, lumber workers, farmers, electricians,
molders and pattern makers are
needed for this shipment. They
should f>r>n)y tu Kubas, room.-301,
W. 40th St., New fork City.
The l ■Sizba's organzation operates on the same basis as a Rus-
■Ian ^Otate industry, and develops
properties covering thousands of
square miles. This district alone
has more coal than the British
aisles. The Nndejdenski steel plant
ls the largest charcoal steel plant
. in the world. Vast machine shops,
forests, railroads, farms, mines of
coal, Iron, manganese and copper
are awaiting the directing control
of advanced and intelligent American engineers and workers there.
fixing up the Dope sheet
Nation-wide    Rally    in
;   America Was Huge
Success
*)   [By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated   Press  Correspondent)
New York—"Statesmen and diplomats, financiers and conferences, will not end war. It will
never be abolished until you men
and women, workers, fathers and
mothers, who pay thc price of
war ln sorrow and suffering, disease and death, unemployment and
poverty, raise your voices to say
that there Bhall be no more war."
The foregoing Is one paragraph
from a leaflet, distributed here by
the Women's Peace Union of the
Western Hemisphere, during the
parade and mass meeting July 29
—No More War Day.
The response was little short of
astonishing. Not only had thousands of women notified the organization's headquarters that they
would march ln the parade and
attend the mass meetings, but so
many men requested to be permitted to walk in the parade that a
special men's section was organized.
. The nationwide rally against war,
coming on the anniversary of the
beginning of the world war, was
observed In 13 other countries having been observed already for three
years past by anti-war groups ln
fhe European countries. This Ib
the first time that American organizations have participated.
According to the officers of the
union, which is a Pan-American
society formed recently, this year's
anti-war demonstration was only
one item In a plan the women
have under way to outlaw war.
Not only do the members of the
society, from Canada to Brazil,
pledge themselves not to co-operate with war In any way, but they
are working nlso to extend a policy
of non-resistance and the abolition
of violence to state administration,
to labor conditions in the home.
The statement frequently made
that the United States could not
have played Its part in the late
war without the help of women, is
taken by these peace groups, according to their spokesmen, to
mean that future wars will be impossible lf women in sufficiently
large numbers agree to boycott.
Thirty-six States participated In
the No More War observance In
this country. In Philadelphia,
4000 Quakers joined in the parade
demonstration. In London four
great processions, to converge ln
Hyde Park, were arranged.
Major General John F. O'Ryan,
In a letter to those In charge of
the local parade', said: "I feel sure
that every American soldier who
has participated In battle has been
Indelibly impressed with the insanity of war."
The headquarters of the Womon's Pence Union are at 70—5th
Ave., New York City.
SOI HOAN
Seamen Are Given a Taste
of United States
Freedom
(By the Federated Press)
New York—Once upon a time
the members of the crew of a cer
tain ship were ordered to appear
on deck, arrange themselves lu
military formation, and salute the
flag which flew at the masthead.
It happened that of the crew, 20
men either were steeping, or had
not received the order so they
were not present at the ceremony.
Wherefore the commanding officer
fined them each one a day's pny.
Sailors and sen men must be taught
to love tho flag of their country—
and what simpler and more convincing way to make them love lt
than td punish them for omitting
to make certain required signs before it?
Was this, perhaps ln Germany,
and before, the war? Or in the
Russia of the czar? Not at all. It
was on the American vessel Mln-
nekahda—a cargo ship, and not
even a navy vessel. ,^nd the Incident occurred on the 4th of July,
the date wliich ts celebrated as
baving witnessed the birth of freedom in America. And,, by some
strange prank of fate, the Minne-
kahda ls known in shipping circles as the "ship of democracy."
However, when tho ship arrived
In port here, the 20 men went before E, W. Voorhies, shipping commissioner ,lo protest against. the
flne. VooVhies considered, and he
then gravely told them that, if
each of them would .submit an
affidavit pledging loyalty to the
flag and their captain, the latter.
might bo persuaded to modify the
punishment.
rn.ronli-e Fed. advertlf.*n__
SHORE CONTRACT
Machinists Challenge the
Statements of Wallace
Representatives
Local 882 of the International
Association of Machinists selected
a tug of war team for the Labor
Day sports on Tuesday night. The
meeting was well attended and
Bob Palmer, the captain of the
tug of war team, has got a hefty
bunch to handle and expects to
brng home the bacon.
Considerable discussion took
place over the statements which
have been made hy a representative of Wallace's on the North
Shore, to the effect that one of
the reasons that the Scotch firm
was able to submit a lower figure
for construction of the new ferry,
was on account of the wide difference In thc wage scales, and that
the wages In Scotland wcro 35
cents per hour, while the firm referred to wns paying 73 cents per
hour. It wus pointed out that
Wallace's ave actually paying 62
cents per hour, which Is considerably less than the firm claims to
be paying, which Is lower than is
being paid by members of the
Metaf Trades Employers' Association. The facts as to tho wages
paid at Wallace's can be ascertained by a perusal of the wage scale
posted on the bulletin board In the
yard, which compares the wages
of Chinese workers with those
which are being paid by the firm.
NEW 111 ON
r-*
l________T_____*_
!_-___-_
Carpenters' Notice
The Job at Essondale, which Is
being carried on by McDougal &
Smith, general contractors, is well
under wny. Some discussion has
been raised as to what ts the wage
which carpenters should be paid,
but Attorney Goneral Manson, who
Is also minister of Labor, is investigating as to what the fair wage
rate is for carpenters, and his decision is expected to be mnde in a
few days ub the contract has a fair
wage clause lu It.
Building Permits
Aug. 4—3080—Oth St. WeBt, G.
McMahon, contractor; dwelling,
$2200; 1361-7 Granville; Bedford
& Davidson, pontractOrs; stores,
$9500; 2890—6th West; C. H.
Whellnms, contractor; dwelling,
$2800; 3484 Oxford; H. Williamson, contractor; dwelling, $2000;
2620 Broadway West; J. Milter,
owner; dwelling, $3000; G."t. N.
Dock, D. Alton, contractur; coal
warehouse, $2000; 1856—12th Ave,
West; W. II. Mackenorth, owner;
dwelling, $2000; 2916-18 Granvillo; Burrard Cont, Co., contractors:  stores. $3000.
Cannot Supply Demand of
New England States
Alone
Strikers Stand Solid and
Make Gains in IL S.
Coal Fields
[By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated   Press  Correspondent)
New York—Under the most favorable circumstances the most*
coul which could be Imported from
England would fall short of supplying the New England States
atone, a survey of the situation
shows. It has become known that
the business interests of the east,
co-operating with the United States
shipping board, hope to have 1,-
000,000 tons moving to this coun
try from Great Britain within the
next 30 days. That quantity, it ls
pointed out, would be no more
than enough to .take care of thc
major portion of the New England
consumption.
But lt Ib not believed that any
such quantity will be shipped in
the next 30 days. British transport and marine workers, although not officially enlisted to
help the American coal mine strikers, are In no way enthusiastic
about being used to fight their
American co-workers. Reliable ad
vices received here say thut their
attitude has put a damper on the
plans of the American-Brit ish conl
interests to ship great quantities
of fuel here. They have refused to
work more than two shifts a day,
according to information from
London, and there are hints—
which are becoming more detailed
daily—that the Welsh miners are
not lending themselves to the plan
of attncklng the American miners
with British coal.
Meantime the mine union loaders in the eastern districts are
marking lime. Without exception
they express complete confidence
In u victory, even though the strike
continues for months.
Not only have there been no
defections from the ranks of the
mine Btrlkers, but scarcely n day
passes that does not bring reports
of gains ln such parts of thc eastern coal Holds as are organized.
Trades Council Executive
Wants National Unemployment Measures
Would Have Union Men Workers Demonstrate and
TERS
ME MONDAY
Short  Pay   Is   Causing
Local Some Little
Trouble
The local carpenters huve had
considerable trouble lately.through
some small employers refusing lo
pay the scale, which ls $6.50 per
day. After men hnve worked some
time with the expectation that they
would receive the union rate of
wages. One.sueh,Bamo wus dealt
with this week. A man benig
paid at the rate of $6 per day, although he worked under the impression that he would receive the
proper scale. After some little
trouble, the business agent was
ablo to collect the amount deducted, und the matter, has been
straightened out. All members of
the carpenters union are requested
to report to thc business ugent
any case of short pay; so that offorts may bo made to stop this
kind of thing.
The next meeting of Local 452
will be held on Monday next. All
members aro requested to attend
this meeting.
Freed from Discrimination
The executive of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, acting
on instructions from the last meeting, met recently and drafted a
number of resolutions to be presented by the delegates to thc
Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, the most Important of
which deals with the unemployed
question. This resolution reuda as
follows:
"Whereas, the unemployed situation lc of a national character,
and is one that cannot lio bundled
satisfactorily by municipal bodies,
and
"Whereas, the extremely low
scale of relief now being given is
tending to lower the standard of
living of the entire wage-working
population, be it
"Resolved, that we calt upon the
Federal Government to assume the.
management of the unemployment'
situutton on a national scale, and'
that thc basis of relief be work at
trade union rates or full maintenance on the scute laid down In the
Labor Gazette."
Another resolution which will be
presented cntls for federal legisla
tion covering unemployment and
health insurance. This resolution
reads:
"Resolved, that the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council requests
the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada to persist In their efforts
In obtaining federal legislation covering unemployment and health
insurance." _ ••        :,
Another resolution deals with'
discrimination against men who belong to trade unions, and reads as
follows:
"Whereas, P. C. 1743, 1918, waa
an Order-ln-CouncIl which deterred
an employer from dispensing with
the services of an employee, because of bis union affiliations, and
"Whereus, this legislation automatically ceased at the termination
of the war period, therefore be It
"Resolved, that tho Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council requests
tho Trades and Labor Congress of
Canndu, to demund the Federal
Government to place such legislation on the statutes permanently'
covering the Bcopo of the Order-in-,.
Council as stated in all industries
and occupations,"
DOES NOTWIN BIG STRIKE
PREVAIL IN
Activities of Monarchists
Cause Deep-seated
Resentment
'IVades Unionists Notice
A moeting for thc purpose of
raising funds for the relief and reconstruction of Soviet Russia, will:
be held at 305 Pender Stroet West,;
on Thursday ovenlg, August 17.
Atl trades unionists are particularly requested to attend this
meeting.
Portland, Mo.—Local officials 6f
tho Brotherhood of Ballrond Station Employees nro forbidden to
Issue a strike order to brotherhood
mombers in compliance with the
vote favoring such a strike, as a
result of a temporary Injunction
Issued by Judge Clurence Halo, U.
S. district court. The injunction
wan petitioned for Jjy counsel for
the Portland Terminal ,Co. "Of
our.se," Hale says. In his opinion,
'oach employee bus the right to
quit the personal service of anothor whon he chooses." Bnt a
strike order, he rulos, would be
contrary to the net providing for a
railroad labor board.
Patronise Fed Advertisers;
Ottawa — The conference bo-
twee p the Dominion and Provincial governments in regard to unemployment nnd related problems,
will meet in Ottawa Sept. fi.
Oppose Reactionary
Moves
[By Louis P. Lochner]
A European Dlr. Federated Press)
, Munich, Germany—If anybody
thinks that all Bavaria ia united,
as the capitalist press would havo
Its readers believe, in its desire for
the re-establishment of monarchy,
let htm spend a week, as I have
just spent It, visiting around at
union headquarters, talking to peo
pie on the streets, and viewing
workers' demonstrations. He will
then see that the-events culminating in the murder of Foreign Minister Jtatnenau have provoked the
same deep - seated resentment
among the rank and file of Bavaria's workers as they have tn the
rest of Germany.
Within two weeks I have seen
popular demonstrations on behalf
of the republic in Berlin, in Lelpslc, one of the chief industrial centres of Saxony, and uow in Munich, the capitul of Bavaria. In all
three of those large centres more
workers turned out In one common demonstration than I have
ever scon together anywhere. Yet
the three, the most impressive
as easily that in Munich.
O^it on the west end of the city,
;ith the Greek temple and the
dolossal statue of the patron god-
d«Hs Bavaria as a background, and
*ii'h the industrial fair, which Is
Bttn
A
WEEK
Montreal Clothing Workers Secure Union
Conditions
acting visitors from every part
of tho world, In close proximity,
(here ts an enormous field. It was
-there that tho revolution of 1918,
led by the murdered Kurt Eisner,
.had its Inception. Almost 100,000
persons can assemble there.
. • From 3 In the afternoon on, a
'steady stream of men and women
kept pouring in, until by 5 the
place was filled. There were hundreds of red Tings nud un equal
number of the new flags of tho republic—red, black and gold. There
Were innumerable placards and In
script tons (tearing such legends ns
f'pown with Reaction;" "For the
Republic of tho Workers," "Peace,
Bread anu Liberty," "Go to the
Gallows with the Reactionaries,
and the like.
At a given signal, a volley of
cheers for the republic wont up
.that could be heard far into Die
city. Nothing more was said or
done—the workers by laying down
their tools had given an ominous
demonstration of whnt they Intend
to do If monarchlsm should again
rear Hs head.
New York—More than 10,000
shirt makers In Greator New York,
membors of unions nlfltlatcd wilh
the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of Amorica, hnve gone out on
a general strike for lho sume purpose us lhat jiiHt begun by 50.-
000 members of the International
Ladios' Garment Workers Union
here—to compel sub-contractors to
register with Die union nnd lo
comply with union working and
wage slnndurds. In both instances
the step wns taken to put a stop
4to tbe so-called "social" shops,
-dhlch have grown up in the Indus,-*
'tries, nnd which have become a
menace to tho condition.1 achieved
y many years of effort by the
nlons to eliminate tho sweatshop.
Sydney, N. S,-— During the weok
ending July 21, 85,000 tons of
ooal were shipped by the Dominion
Coal Ca from here, a record quantity. The highest previous week
was 80,000 tons. Of the 85,000
tons o*er 34,000 were for Amerl-
'can ports, the largest tonnage whipped from Capo Breton to t ho
United Stales for muny years.
100 Per Cent Organization Is Practically
Assured
With -1,000 people returning in
victory to solidly organized shops
on Monday and Tuesday, July 31
and August I; the great Montreal
walkout of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America for an
agreement and the restoration of
union conditions was practically
over within a week after it was
begun.
Everything the workers struck
for has been achieved.
100 Per Cent. Unionism
On July 26, the second day of
the stoppage, Genernl President
Sidney Hillman of the Amalgamated, successfully carried the negotiations with the manufacturers'
association to victory. Changes in
the old agreemont, before it was
renewed with the manufacturers,
give tho workers 100 per cent, organization in all the shops controlled by members of the manufacturers' association, und also
completo unionisation of all contract shops In town. The new document also provides for a re-adjustment of wagea for the benefit of
the underpaid workers. The agreement Is lo take effect Immediate
ly, and the people employed by
members of the manufacturers' association are to return to work at
once.
Celebrating Big Victories
The stoppage was called on July
25 to secure the renewul of an
agreement with tho manufacturers,
whieh the employers had allowed
to lapse, nnd thc re-establishment
of union conditions In the shops.
About 6,000 people were involved,
most of whom have already gone
back to work.
As a result of tho walkout, a 100
per cent,  organization    has    been
practically   reached    In   Montreal.
Tho   clothing   workers   are   tlicre-
(Contfnued ou page 3)
E
Wife of Foreman of Jury
Discloses How Jury
Was Fixed
[By M>A. De Ford]
(Federated   Press  Correspondent)
Ban PranciscoT-Stone by stone
tho edifice of lies reared against
Mooney and Billings has crumbled
under, its own rottenness. One of
the last .stones has Just fallen.
Mrs, Carrie MacNevin, suing her
husband, William V. MacNevin, a
member of the grand jury, for divorce, gave lt the blow that toppled lt.
MacNevin was foreman of the
Jury that convicted Tom Mooney.
In fighting his wife's divorce suit
he has gone before the county
grand jury, of which he is a member, asking them to indict her on
charges preferred by him.
In retaliation, Mrs. MacNevin has
flled a 10-page affidavit in which
ahe claims that during the Mooney
trlul her husband had frequent
conferences in their home with
Edward Cunhd, at that time assistant to Charles M. Fickert, then
district attorney; that In these conferences he kept Cunha informed
of the effect of the prosecution on
the Jury, that he often took other
members of the Jury to lunch and
argued to persuade them that
Mooney was guilty; and that since
Mooney's conviction he has repeatedly boasted to her that If was
his influence that did the work,
and told her of the many Influential friends he gained through this
action, and of Its beneficial effect
on his real estate business. (MacNevin has since that time been ex-
pelted from the San Francisco real
estate board for defrauding an old
woman client.)
This latest expose of the frame-
up has caused a sensation here,
and Mrs. Rena Mooney announces
that It will be made the basin of a
hew plea to Governor Stephens to
pardon Tom Moonoy and Warren
Billings.
Concord, N. H.—Troops on guard
at railroad shops here have been
paid out of the State's treasury,
the municipal authorities refusing
to foot the bill. Taxpayers of the
entire state will huve to stand the
first week's service costB. $2466.
However, the railroad offlclalB locally are satisfied, despite the quarrel over who Is to pay. They announce that with the troops on
hand lt ls easy to obtain scabs.
Milwaukee — Mayor Daniel W.
Hoan has received communicotlons
from H. A. Byram, president Milwaukee road, and W. H. Flndlay,
president Northwestern road, in
response to the protest the mayor
dispatched to them recently on the
Importation of colored laborers to
take the place of striking railroad
men. The presidents say the im
portation will bo stopped.
Of
BLACK SEA
Marty and Badina, with
Comrades, Are
Freed
GET INCREASE
Closed  Shop  Agreement
Signed with Purity
Dairy
After six weeks of negotiation
with the Purity Dairy, tho Milk
Salesmen and Dairy Employees
have succeeded in securing an
ngreement. Tlie agreement given
a closed shop and material wage
Increases. Theso Increases will
amount at the present timo from
$r> io $iK per month, with a further increase of flfi per month
within six months.
On Wednesday il appeared an
though a strike was certain. Tho
decision  uf the  organisation  was
thnt If there was no settlement
made by 6 p.m.. a strike would be
called. ■ A special meeting was called In the Labor Temple at 8 p.m.
when this itoclsion was confirmed,
hut at tho close of the meeting, a
settlement on the lines Indicated
was made, and tno men went to
work on the rogutur tK-heduio.
Seeks   Men   for   Great
Northern Shops in
U. S. A.
An Individual, who is supposed
to be in ihe employ of a detective
agency, is now engaged in recruiting strikebreakers for thc U. S.
railroads. A week ago this man
left Vancouver for Skyomiah, n
Great Northern railroad point In
the stute of Washington, and from
thla place he Is trying to induce
men from Vancouver to net as
scabs. A local garage was uaed us
headquarters tor ihe hiring of men,
but to date Vancouver workers
have given tlie place a wide berth.
This scab border's activities extend throughout Western Canada
and tho United States; at Moose
Juw he was om ployed as a master
mechanic; at Calgary as a shop
foreman, and on coming to the
('oast was employed In an official
capacity ut Die Coughlan shipyards,
tint thc nature of his work wus
never definitely known and. In view
of the fact that ho was constantly causing friction and dissension
among union workers, there seems
little doubt but that this man Is in
the employ of one of the large detective agencies engaged In furnishing scabs and fomenting industrial troubles. Many locnl workers will recognize the Identity of
this individual und be aide lo post
workers on the other side ns to
his record hore and In oilier parts
itf Canada.
Clemenceau's Party Put
Up Violent Opposition to Move
CBy Goorge Blocombe]
Paria (by mall)—During IU luit
session before the summer vacation, the French chamber renewed
the government's power of amnesty during the forthcoming year,
and thus authorized the opening
of the prison doors to Marty, Badina and other mutineers of the
Black Sea.
"Pacifying tile Communists"
It was known before the debate
that M. Poincare, in the hope of
pacifying the Communists, had
formed the Intention ot including
the Black Sea mutineers In the
0%'ini pardon customarily exercised on July 14. each year.
Although tbls Intention was not
publicly avowed by the spokesman
of the government, every deputy
understood the direct Issue to mean
the liberation or non-liberation of
Marty and Badina.
Violent opposition to the government's motion was begun by the
Clemenceau party.
Consoling Business Men -
M. Barthou, the minister of Justice, endeavored to console the
business men In Ihe chamber with
the reflection thnt the pardon
would also apply to the small speculators and profiteers who were
Imprisoned under the Illicit Trade
Law of 1916.
But It waa only after old Admiral Duepratt, under whom Marty had served, had intervened, In
plain and generous seafaring language, on behalf of the Black Sea
prisoners, that the general sense of
Ihe chamber swerved In the direction of clemency,
Voting resulted In favor of the
amnesty by the narrow enough
majority of 112 to 212. An amendment moved by the Right Wing •
deputy, excluding from the effect
of the amnesty any prisoner who
bas held the rank of officer (which
meant the non-llberatlon of Engineer Lieut. Marty) was defeated.
Release All Prisoners
Later ln the day the senate
passed the same motion without
discussion, and Afarly and Badina,
with about a score of their companions who are serving lighter
sentences, will be set free.—Voice
of Labor.
Detroit—Gov. Alex. J. Oroesbeck
of Michigan, who began several
years ago by brandishing hla pen
and Asia and announcing that he
would mine .Michigan coal with
Slate power, military power if necessary, or bust, following the failure of his attempt to Induce members of District No. 24, United
Mine Workers, lo betray their fellows In other flel_ts. has ended by
appointing a state fuel director to
apportion the cosl that trickles In.
Seattle—District No. 10 miners,
through Secretary Ernest News-
ham, have appealed lo Welsh and
Scottish miners and transport
workers not to allow the shipment
of British coal lo America to break
the striko ot lhe United Mine Workers. The appeal was directed to
the  British  Miners Federation
BOlfliN
One dollar and fifty cents ls the
cost for a six montha subscription
to tho Foderationist.
Danville. I ll.-—Strike-breakers on
strike Is one of tho latest events In
tho strike of shopmen of the Wabash railroad here. Twenty-eight
out or 88 Btrike-breakers shipped
here by the Wabash went on strike
against the food offered by the
company. Tho "strikers" declare
it is Inadequate und of poor quality. The company offered to ship
the Btrlking st rilie- break ers to St.
Louis, bill tho "strikers" declined
the offer, demanding they be sent
back to New York City, whence
they were Imported by lhe company. Union pickets at the local
shop.' have been successful in inducing large numbers of prospective strike-breakers not to entei
the shops, nnd many who have
beep working have boon persuaded to leavo tho service.
London—-At the first intoinalioM-
al conferonco of settlements lu London, It. Seebohm Kowntree of York
appealed to the movement to form
settlement clnssos for employors.
who in strikes und lockouts hm'
nhown thoy needed some social gui
danco.
Champion of Workers in
Montana Resumes
Publication
illy the Federated Press)   •
Butte, Mont.—The Butte Bulletin has resumed publication ns a
weekly. For many .(ears the most
militant dully labor paper In America, the Bulletin was forced by
the Induatrlal slump to appear as
n weekly and Anally to suspend altogether.
"The Bulletin will bnttle for tho
workera," says the statement ot
the new board of directors. "It
will be Independent In politics and
everything else. The Bulletin has
made heroic efforts for Ihe people,
nnd will renew lliese efforts with
Intensity. The Bulletin plant ls
big enough and strong enough tu
shake to the very foundation every
lilt of corruption lhal Is to bo
found In Butte, In Sllrer Bow
county, and the state of Montana.!'
Tbe board of directors consists
of .1. Chas. Whiteley, Butto Engineers Union; John II. Driscoll,
Butte Federal Labor Union: Kinnk
JT. Glenn, Butte Typographical
Union; 1'eler Holy. Butte Unit, One
Big Union; Clem Burkftrd, Klectricnl Worker.. Union; Chas. II.
O'Hara. Culinary Workers Union;
Joseph Murray. Hod Carriers
Union.
The officers of Hie company are'
President, .1. Ghns. Whiteley; vice-
president, John II. Driscoll; secre-
'ory, Frank .1. Glenn: treaaurer!
I'oter Daly; odllor and manager,
Frank J. Glenn.
London—The cosl of living, ncording to lnbor ministry figure
vns on July 1, 14 por cent, highor
hnn on June 1. The level now Is
4 per cent, above thnt of Julv
I0H. RUJETWO
POUHTBBNTIl YEAR.    No.
»t BRITISH COLUMBIA .FJiiDKKATIONlST   Vancouver, b. a
PItIDAY.....„ August   11, la22
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEOERATIORIST
Published every Friday morning by The B. C.
Federatlonist,  Limited
Editorial Offices: 319 Pender St. W.   Phone Sey. 5871
Subscription Hates: I'nlted States and Foreign, $3.04
per year; Canada, 13.50. per year, $l.r.O for six
months; to Unions subscribing tn a body, 16c per
member per month. -
rnit.v ol Labor:   Thc Hop-.' ot tho Wor'd
FRIDAY August    11,   192!
The Minister oi Labor and the
Unemployed Question
TTON. JAMES MCHDOCH, Minister ol labor
in tlie Federal Government, arrived in (lie
eity on Wednesday. As yet lie lias not met flit)
lafcor officials, although it is expected that lie
will do this, and discuss the problem of unemployment with the representatives of organized
labor. So far ns can he learned from the press,
the Minister of Labor has not made any definite pronouncement on the plans of the government as to what will bc done to oope with the
vast army of unemployed, wliich will havo to
be taken rare of next winter.
* ' #      *
Tt. is well known that the head of the department of labor does not like what is termed the
dole system, or what would be pcrltaps better
described ns thc handing out of charity to the
workers wbo arc unable to secure the means
of lifo through the medium of a job. He is
also opposed to state unemployment insurance,
and evidently has no definite ideas as to what
must be done to care for those whom the system denies a livelihood.
* »     *
Wc arc not so much cuiiccrncd in thc
opinions of the Minister of Labor ns we arc
in the feeding of the workers. Abstract theories
will not d<S this, neither will the opinions of
any minister of thc crown or tlieir combined
wisdom. AVhnt will be needed next winter is
food for those who are hungry and unable to
secure the necessities of life.
* *     »
If doles arc not. favored by thc government,
and state .unemployment insurance is equally
objectionable, then some other method will
have to bc found for the caring of the needy.
Thc workers are getting past the point where
they were willing to starve to death while the
employing class lived on thc best the land
could afford, and as many of them fought for
thc country which they do not own, and many
promises were made to them when they undertook to preserve "democracy," it would ap*
pear about time for the government to give
some definite plan for the relief of the unemployed. Hungry workers are not very tractable, and putting single men into bitllpcns and
herding them together and providing them
with three very indifferent meals a day, and
handing doles out to the married men, while
the single women are neglected entirely, is
not likely to allay the unrest which unemployment causes. If thc government cannot provide for the idle, then thc jobless will have to
concentrate on organization of a nation-wide
oharacter and show they do not intend to starve
in a land of plenty.
Unity in Industrial Crises
ANY individual who recognizes the nature of
the class struggle will seo the criminal
naturc-of any move to divide thc workers in a
crisis sueh as is created in a strike or wage
dispute of any dimensions. Yet there is never
B strike of any magnitude which is free from
such tactics. Men who arc supposed to have
a knowledge of the nature of the struggle before the workers seek to further the interests
of some particular form of organization, or
some particular nostrum which they imagine
will be most effective, lose sight of the fact that
only by unity among thc workers affeeted can
thc employers be checked or defeated.
'* * *
In all industrinl struggles thc first objective
must be the unity of the workers most interested. All other things are but of minor importance, if they arc not actually a danger to
the interests of the workers. In thc present
situation ill connection with thc railroad
workers in Cnnada at this time, the need is
unity, not dissension. It may not bc possible
to bring nbout an amalgamation of all the
workers just at the moment, but it is possiblo
and necessary that, nil the shopmen, no mattor
whether they reside in the East or the West,
aot together, ignoring all other issues, in face
of the fact that if thc wages of ono section arc
cut, so will the wages of the others Iks reduced.
The issue beforc thc railroad workers at this
time is, shall wc unitedly resist thc lowering
of our standard of living. It is not a question
of 0. B. U. or A. F. of _, but it is a claas issue.
It is thc workers lining up against the common
enemy. Those who recognize thc class struggle
will act according to the needs of the moment;
endeavor to get thc railroad workers to recognize this faet, and if that alone is done, the
struggle will not have been in vain, for every
time the workers can be induced to drop their
potty differences and line up together on any
given issue, its value as nn educational factor
will be demonstrated in future struggles. Thoso
who work ou these lines arc serving the. interests of tho worker, but those who trot out
specious nostrums and other formulas for thc
future arc but playing tho ruling-class game,
even if they arc unconscious that they are
doing it.
Ruling Class Ideas on Workers'
Standard of Living
BRITISH AVOKKEBS have decried what has
aptly been called tho fodder basis; in
other words, that the wages of the producers
shall bc determined by tho lowest possible eost
of the merest subsistence. Workers on this
.continent have, however, accepted thcir masters' figures as laid down in labor gazettes and
other governmental publications given over to
the publication of statistics as to tho cost of
living. This tendency in the labor movement
' i Canada is very pronounced.   Whenever the
workers arc faced with wage reductions they
immediately turn to the Labor Gazette for
thcir arguments as to why thcir pay should not
be reduced.
* *      *
The figures in the Labor Gazette are misleading. They arc not correct, in so far as the
cost of the necessities of life is concerned, and
only deal with the barest necessities. When
they deal with the wages of the workers, they
specify thc wages of a worker working full
time, and do not take into account the days
and weeks whicli the workers are idle, and
only give those figures whicli place the worker
at a disadvantage. This attitude on the part
of labor in this country is deadly. It is destroying the militane.e of the labor movement.
It has sapped the fighting powers of the organizations and: is tho worst kind of submission. To accept, without protest, the basis of
living as laid down by the employers, is not in
line with a militant lnbor movement. Employ-'
uig elass figures are not compiled for the
benefit of the Workers, but in the interests of
those who profit attlic expense of the wealth
producers.
* *      »
Another aspect of the question is that wc
never find in thc Labor Gazette any basis for
the sustenance of^ those who live on the labor
of others. We never find that the profits of
the master class are circumscribed by government decree or by the statistics of a department of labor, which is nothing but a department established for thc benefit of thc employers. There is no limit to ruling olass
profits, and the manner in which they live is
only circumscribed by the amount of wealth
which they wring from the toilers.
* *      *
The struggle for an existence is becoming
harder every year for thc workers. The uncertainty of securing employment is ever beforc them. But to accept the fodder basis does
not assist them in that struggle. Tho fight
against wage reductions cannot be carried on
if ruling-class figures arc to be the determining
factor as to what a worker can live on.
* *      »
Thc standard of living of the worker is being
slowly but surely reduced. The chaos of the
capitalistic world and thc lack of a market
for the products of labor is compelling the employers to struggle for commercial supremacy
and in that strugglo the workers are being
pushed to thc wall. Their wages are being cut
and their subsistence level reduced. They are
ever faced with poverty and misery, but to
ndopt the policy of using the employers' ideas
ns to what a worker ean live on will never aid
thc workers in their resistance against capitalistic encroachments. Thc sooner the workers set their own standard and endeavor to secure it, the sooner they will restore the militancy of the labor movement and fit themselves
to carry on the fight for a system of society
whieh will give them all that makes life worth
living: Submission to employing class dictates
destroys that spirit in the workers which is so
much needed at this time when the employers
arc on the aggressive nt all points. If, however, the' workers are willing to submit to a
standard of living, which the employers imagine is good enough for them, they will soon be
living on rats and rice, and their powers of resistance completely wiped out, and their degradation and misery of such a nature as to unfit
them for anything but the most abject' slavery.
Terrorism and the Need for
Organization
K LOCAL PAPER on Thursday morning
"■ carried a story to the effect that an or-,
ganization similar to the Italian Fascisti was to
be organized in Russia. This organization ns
it exists in Italy is described as being in favor
"of nationalism by force." Even,the capitalistic press recognizes that this, organization
is a terrorist outfit and that its objective is,
to crush by. force, the working elass organizations; -    _.
There are many who imagific that sucb
tactics cannot be successfully employed in
countries under the domination of the British
ruling class, and that in a country like Canada, terroristic tactics could not bc applied.
But it must bc noted that all sections of thc
ruling class have the "same concepts. They desire to continue thcir reign of power and exploitation, and a perusal of the news dealing
with strikes on thc American continent will
disclose flint terroristic tnctics nre by no menus
unknown.
The Ku Klux Klan, an organization wliich
is supposed to be composed largely   of   cx-
serviec men in the States, has adopted thc terroristic tactics against working class organizations.   The Fascisti is nlso supposed to bc a
veterans' organization,, but the   local   press
gives the following version of this organization's activities, as the following will show:
"Fascism is not a secret organization
like the Ku Klux  Klan,   for   everybody '
knows its constitution, and   its   members
wear uniforms which everybody can see.
They use illegal means, becnuse the constituted powers did. not deal   with   the
situation." ,
*      *t      .
As pointed out in the previous issues of the
Federationist, the ruling class knows no
scruples when its power is threatened. It is
not slow to learn new methods in breaking thc
growing power of the workers) nnd at nil times
is willing to take a lead wherever new tactics
have been employed nnd found successful in
its onslaught ngninst thc workers. The workers nre, however, slow to learn. They follow
very tardily thc lead of their mnsters! in thc
matter of tactics, but as thc workers of this
country arc faced with the fnct, that the "ruling
powers, who determine what the governments
of this country shall do, do not 'reside in
Ottawa, but in Wall Street, it might bo well if
tbey recognized thc necessity of orgnnization
and closer unity on their pnrt in the industrial
nnd politicnl fields. We hnve no fenrs ns to
the formation of a Fascisti in Russin, for, if it
is formed, it will not Inst, because thc workers
control thq state nnd arc the constituted authorities and will act, but with chaos in the
working class movement of this country, such
nn organization might bc very effective if based
on force and ruling class ethics, which- arc so
much deprecated by our dear masters if they
are used for any other purpose than thc upholding of the present profit system.
»■ '■"	
The Britisn Labor Party
Coijfeifence
{By Tom Quelch]
•T-HE annual conference of the
-*- British Labor Party was ofjfned
Tuosday, Juno 27, at Edinburgh.
Delegate* from- trade Unions, I. L.
P. and Fabiun Societies, trades
councils and Land Labor Parties
were there assembled, representing
over 4,000,000 members. Mr. J.
},,'. Jowett, the veteran of the I.
L. P. ncted as prosidont.
Tho ' majority of tho delegates
consisted of the general officials,
and the petty officials of the trade
unions, tn addition to these there
were a number of mlddle-olass .Fabians,, etc. The proportion* of
workmen delegates" coming direct
from the workshop was necessarily small, •_}
The conference was held ln- the
shadow of the general parliamentary election, and the motives determining the conference speeches
of the Labor Party chiefs,* and the
setting of the agenda, were, undoubtedly those which made for
"window dressing" for the electoral campaign.
Britain Is the land of smug
bourgeoia responsibility, and one
of the main tasks of the parliamentary Labor leaders is to convince their petty-bourgeois supporters that their responsibility Is
without reproach. A lively fear of
being "painted red," of being denounced as "Bolsheviks," "wild revolutionaries," and so on, at tho
forthcoming election, was ever-
present In their minds.
The main Issues of the conference—qn est ions that aroused the
gratest discussion and most animated debates—were those Issues
raised by the Communists. The
questions of foreign policy, of
Communist party affiliation, of
privy 'counceUorships, and tWe
amendments of rules for tho purpose of keeping Communists out of
Labor Party conferences were all
matters which Communist Pai'ty
members, as members of their
trade unions or local Labor parties
had forced for discussion on the
conference. Unfortunately, the
numerical strength of the Communists at the conference was not
very large, and this enabled the
reactionaries to use their "big
guns" to the best advantage.
Mr. Arthur Henderson submitted the proposal for the alteration
of thc rules by the addition of the
following:
"Conditions of eligibility of delegates from constituent bodies to
either local Labor parties or to'ony
national or local conference ol. the
Lahor Party. ".
"(a) No person shall be eligible
as a delegate who is a momber of
any organization having for oiie of
its objects the return to parliament
or to any local governing authority,
of a candidate or candidates other
thun such as have been endorsed
by the Labor Party, or have ,beeh
approved as running in association
with the Labor Party." ,,,   B,
This occasioned a lengthy, debate, and was ultimately carried
by ah overwhelming majority.
While some speakers professed that
It was aimed at capitalist-subsidized bodies masquerading ns Labor organisations; all ronllzod that"
It was renlly proposed to exclude
the Communists.
The bill bofore the House of
Commons to prevent tho .trado
unions from making a levy- on
their members to assist the Labor
Party financially was mado the occasion for a resolution by J. R. j
Clynes; the conference agreeing
that everything should be dono to'
oppose the measure. I
Typical Labor Party resolutions
wero carried on "universal disarmament" and the "repudiation of
all treaties or understandings'' between governments.
Tho Moscow Socinl Revolutlonnrles
C. T. Cramp, of ,the Railway-
men's Union, moved a resolution
on behalf of the oxecutive against
"the unjust treatment of the Russinn Social Revolutionary prisoners of tho govornment of Russia"
egnrding  their   "trial  as   nothing
fshort of scandalous, and ts of the
opinion that the execution of any
■f theso comrades would be an
intrage to the working class sense
of Justice, and a tragedy whtch
Socialist nnd Labor parties would
remember only with shame and
dishonor." Sidney Wobb seconded
this, saying that the adoption of
the resolution would have a helpful influence on the Russian govornment, which was particularly
susceptible to the expression of
working class opinion in other
countriea." Harry Pollltt opposed
alleging that the resolution^ was
being rushed on a conference which
did not know the facts. They had
no right to interfere in Russian affairs. He was convinced that Vandervelde had only left Russia because he had learned from documents on thc spot thnt the accused
men were really gullty.
The resolution was carried.
Communist Affiliation
The debate on whether the Com
munlst Party of Great Britain
should be permittod to affiliate to
the Labor Party or not arose on
the oxecutive report dealing with
thc correspondence which had tak
en place on 'the subject between
tho Labor Party and the Communist Party.
Harry Pollitt moved'that the report of thc executive on the matter be remitted back for the con
sideratlon of the new executive.
He said that that question had to
be considered from the point of
View thnt the . Communist Party
was a purty of tho working class.
The whole method of approach had
been "to submit a series of questions to the Communist Party, and
the whole thing resembled two
trade unions haggling as to who
wae to get best terms out of an
amalgamation. They had to consider the question from the point
of view of the situation In which
the working class movement of
~this country found itself at the
presont time. They were grappling
for a way out. He maintained it
was the business of that conference
to seo that a straight question,
without any haggling or quibbling
on cither side, was put to thc
Communist Party as to whether
they would or would not accept
and abide by the constitution of
the Labor Party. If they said
f'Tes" and violated that.Mhen they
wbuld know where they were. He
'wanted to sdbmit that the Com-
hihnist Party was nn integral pnrt
of the working class movement. It
whs time lt had candidates in the
fl&lrt opposing official Labor Party
candidates, but these were questions which could be made the
subject of negotiation if the Com-
rri-unist Party were affiliated. The
renl objection was that they, were
afraid that if they took the Com-
"rithnist Party in, then they would
lose votes at the next election.
Whnt was the situation they were
confronted with? It was that when
the Labor Party were in power,
they would not depend upon the
frtrblans for the power which was
to translate their demands into action; they would depend upon the
men In the mines and the shipyards, and that was where tho
votes of the Communist Party happened to be. That party, whether
thoy liked it or not, must in the
futuro make itsolf felt, and that
force ought to be expressed, In his
opinion, inside thc Labor conferenco and inside the Labor movement.
In supporting, H. Hinshelwood
said that so far as the Communists were concerned, they were
for the unification of tho forces of
Labor, nnd would fight resolutely
against anything which would tend
to tho disintegration of these
forces. There would bo no more
loyal individual mombers working
in tho ranks of the Labor Party
than those of the Communist Party, even although the affiliation
was rejected. They wore pledged
morally'snd in evory other way to
do nil they could to secure victory
for Labor, to stop the rot in con-
THE LOCAL BRANCH OF THE
FRIENDS OF SOVIET RUSSIA
—WILL HOLD ITS—
Anniversary Dance
—AT—
CLINTON HALL
Comer Clinton and Pender Streets
Saturday, August 12th, 1922
9 to 12 p.m.
Come, Bring Your Friei ds and Be a Friend
LADIES, 26c :s OENTS, SOo
Proceeds Will Go Towards Tool Drlvo Fund
X
Ask! for
BRITANNIA
BEER
"It Can't Be Beat"
FOR SALE AT GOVERNMENT STORES
nection with working class organization, and to hasten the victory
of the proletariat..
Frank Hodges Of tho Miners'
Federation and ilamsay Macdonald led the opposition. The former declared that the British CommuniBts Were the intellectual Blaves
of Moscow, and that, bo long as
tney were bound by the Theses of
the Third International there could
be no reconciliation. The British
Labor Party, as the opponent of
any government - by dictatorship,
must engage in propaganda against
them. "They want to come in,'*
said MacDonald, "because they
think they can wage war againBt
us more effectively from within
than from without. They tell us
quite candidly that they want to
shake hands with us, and, at the
same time, they have a dagger in
the other hand to stab us.
The card vote resulted: Against
affiliation, 8,086,000; in favor of
affiliation, 201,000. In reference
to this vote the numbor in favor
of affiliation would have been
much larger had the minorities
In many of tho big organisations,
like the Miners' Fedoration and
the Amalgamated Engineering
Union, bcen given the right to ex<
press themselves in the voting.
So Political Alliances
On the motion of Robert Wll
Hams a resolution was carried affirming the decision of the conference to refuse to permit the Labor
Party to enter into any alliances
with either of the capitalist parties.
The question as to whether a
member of the,Labor Party should
be a king's privy councillor was
arrled by an overwhelming majority In the affirmative, Henderson
declaring that lt was "pure" honor
and Thomas stating that he was
going to remain a privy councillor
in spito of any decisions that might
be made of.
The wholo tendency of the conference was towards the right.
The appointment of the Fabian
bureaucrat, Sidney Webb, as chairman Is indicative of this. How
long this will remain so ls uncertain. Tho condition of the masses
is growing moro terrible as''the
days go by. The miners arc seething with discontent—a discontent
which must find expression In
their organizations and sooner or
later have its effect on the Labor
Party. As with the minors, so
with the engineers, the railway-
men, the printers, and so on. The
Communists will voice this discontent in the trade unions, and the
trade unions will be compelled to
reshape the policy of the Labor
Party.
Such questions as the problem
of the unemployed, the condition
of the miners, and the dectlno in
the membership of the trade
unions, recoived almost no attention at the conference, and this
fact demonstrates a detachment
from the masses which undoubtedly fs a great weakness of the
Lnbor Party and is tho natural
outcome of the petty-bourgeois
policy of its dominating elements.
| Hand) your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
nmiind next dnv for n MibscrlpMnn.
Ladies—a
Confidence \
Sale
We want you to see the wonderfully high quality we give for
our low prices.
On  clearing Summer Hnes--on
new Fall garments.
See our sale of demonstration.
Famous Tr"v»rerer
623 HASTINOS ST..  Near OrUTiUt
TEi
§■
British School Teachers
Are to Vote on Compromise Proposal
(By the Federated Press)
Southampton, Eng.—After having been on strike four months,
the public school teachers of this
city are to vote on whethor to accept a compromise agreement in
connection with an attempt to
force them to accept a 20 per cent,
salary cut. During alt tho time
they have paid tho full amount of
their salaries by tho National
Union of Teachers.
The teachers charge that tlie
authorities, In' attempting j to reduce salaries, violated an agreemont ratified by both sides, which
was to havo run until 1925.
"When teachers and government
get together and reach an ngreement, we maintain it must bo respected," said W. Q. Cove, president National Union of Teachers,
"The Northampton teachers' flght
la not local. It Is a fight for the
rights of all teachers, and we are
glad to help carry the burden by
paying the salaries the authorities
ought to pay."
Detroit—E. S. Rice, political prisoner paroled from the United
States penitentiary at Leavenworth,
where he was sentenced ln 1917
as an I. W. W., ls at work tn Detroit, where a flrst friend was obtained for him after five years behind the bars.
Hydro Therapy
Will make you well again
Dr. W.Lee Holder
THE   WORKERS'   FRIEND
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British Columbia Federationist L
■l-Af.
a
..Auxuat   11, 1»J»
tBUETEBNTH YEAR.    No. 21
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancoovm.
ac
PAGE THRKB
Use
Nerve-Blocking
Methods
on every form of dental
work liable to cause pain
These methods, arcs thoroughly safe, scientific and approved by the highest dental authorities. They enable mo to do
any type of work on your teeth without
cahsing discomfort.
Specialist In Bx-
M'L'S-ion Plates
ni Brldgeworlt
-Dentistry that
restores tfie natural    Expression.
Dr. Brett Anderson
KXPKF-SKIOX DENTIST
602 Hastings Street West
Bank of Nova Scotia Building
Phono Ser. ***SI
torinoilj member ol
UnlVmlt*.
rlr  member of   tb*   FitcHlty   of   ttu
of  Hi-iittit-ro  California,    lecturer   •**•
UK.   BRETT  ANDKRHON,
Cullreo of Dentikiry,   UitK .   - ---     ---
Crown   ind   Bridie work,   Di-nowtrstur  in   Plttework   and   Operative
Dent lit ry, Loal and Oenersl Ans-wH-tiU.
Vancouver Unions
NCOIJVEB TRADEB AND LABOB
lounell—■Preildent, B- H. KMhnda,
j.A.; jp-neral secretary, Percy R. Ben-
I, Office: 808, 319 Ponder St. W.
..a Soy. 7495. Meets in Lsbor Hall at
i.ui. on tbe first snd tbird Taeidsya
nonth.
_ltiy PRINTING TRADES COUN-
•11—M«*ta second Monday in tkt
ntb. Preaident, J. R. White; aaase*
, R. H. Neelsmli, P. 0. Box 68.
ICKLASERS AND MASONS*—H  HI
Sied bricklayers or nuou for koller
ka, etc, or msffclt setters, phase
eklayora* Union, Lsbor Temple.
ITED BROTHERHOOD OP CAR-
entora nnd Jolnera, Local it**-—Presl*
t, Wm. Dunn; recording secretary.
. Snell; builnets sgent, Geo. H. Hardy.
Ice;    Room 304,  319   Pender   St. W.
els second and lourth Mondays, 8 p-m*
nm 5, 319 Pender St. W,
TERNATIONAL LOMOSHOREMKlt' 8
Aatoolatloa, Lota) 8S-6S—Ottos ami
\ 153 Cordovs St. W. Meeta flrat
___ third Fridsys, 8 p.m. Beeretsry*
issurer,  T.  Jilxon;  bnalneaa  agunt,  P.
iclalr.         . __,
MBER WORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
_NION Of CANADA—Ab lado*
1 snion ot sll workers la lor
r »sd wnitroetloi) osinpa. Coait Wait snd Otsat^I Besdsnsrtera, 81 Oor-
rs Bt. W, Vanconver, B. C. Phone Bey.
68. J. M. Clarke, general s«crotsry-
savrer; legal Advisers, Messts. Birt,
cdonald * Co., Vanconver, B. Oj and!-
I, Ueaars. Buttsr * Chiene, Vanooo-
, b. a
CHINISTS LOCAL 6Q2~President,
5d. Dawson; secretary, R. Hirst; busl-
tt agent, P. R. Bengongh. Office: 808,
tt Pender St. W. Meets in Room 8,
tt Pender St. W., qn second snd fourtk
tesday in month.
AOHIMISTS LOCAL 182—President,
Loo Oeorge; secretary. J. 0. Keefo;
*ine#« agent. P. R. Bengough. Office:
» fit Pender St. W. Meets ln Room
*, Bltt Pender St. W. on flrat and third
turadsys  In month,     _____
ROTHERHOOD OP PAINTERS, DECO*
ratori and Papernangeri of Amerlcs,
ical 188, Vsncouver—Meets 2nd snd
Thursdays st 148 Cordovs St. W.
mi Bey, 8491. Bueineee agent, R. A.
srker.
.DERATED SEAFARERS UNION OF
B c.—Formerly Firemen and Oilers
nion of British Columbia—Meoting
ght, first and third Wednesday of each
oath at 10ft Main Street. President,
. Williams; vice-president, R. Morgan;
cretary-treesurer, W. Donaldson. Ad-
•ess.ilOS Main Street, Vanconver, B, 0.
ictoris Branch Agent's address, w,
.suets, 567 Johnson St., Victoria. B. C.
iiiERNATlONAL UNION STEAM AND
Operating Engineers, Local 844, meets
Wy Thursday ftt 8 p.m.. Room 307
ibor Temple. Secretary-Treasurer, N.
eon, 053 Hornby St. Phono Sey. 7048R.
.■cording Secretary, W. Chandler, 1631
hi Ave., Norlh  Vanconver 	
t-HJSKT'AJ-D ELECTRIO RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
•MeeU A. 0. P. Hall, Mount Pleasant
,t and 3rd Mondaya st 10.15 a.m. snd I
President, t. A. Hoover. 2409 Clark*
rive; recording-secretary, F. E. Griffin.
17—6th Avenue East; treasurer, E. 8.
ovelsnd; flnsaclsl-sseretsry and bal*
iss Sgent, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dum-
iea Btreet; ottee comer rrior and Bala
Pbone Kair	
)UBNKYM£N j/AILOHS' UNION Olf
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
it Monday In each montk, 8 p.m.  I'res*
lent>A. R. Oatenby; vice-president, D.
iribn;   recording   secretary,     0.   Mo*
■onald, P. 0. Box 603; flnanclal secre*
iry.T. Templeton, P. 0. Box_ 503.
HE NEW WESTMINSTER BRAN--)H
of the 0. B. U. meets on the third
ednesday of every month.    Everybody
eicome.	
OOIETY FOR TECHNICAL AID TO
Soviet1 Kiitsla, Vancouver branch, meete
Irst anil third Sundays each month, 2
j at 61 Cordova St. W.   For informs-
ion write to branch were tary, S.T.A.S.R.,
. Cordova St. W., Vancouver. B. C.
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
New Westminster District
TAKE NOTIOE that I, J. M. Mackln*
nos, of Vaneonvsr, B C, Intend to apply
for s Horace to prospect for Cosl, Petroleum or Natural Gsa ob ths following described submarine  lands;   •
Commencing st a post planted nt low
water mark of Stanley Park about 200
yards north of what in known as Second
Beach, thence West 80 chains, thence
North 80 chains, thence East 80 chains
more or less to low water in-irk of Stanley Park, thenee Southerly along low
water mark of Stanley Fail; 80 chains
mor* or leaa to place of commencement,
containing 640 arris mure or less, ss
shown on plan attached horeto.
J.  M.  MACKINNON.
Per W. T. Roia, Agent.
Dated Vancouver, B. C. April 29th, 1928.
New Westtoinater District
TAKE NOTICE that I, Annettn M.
Macdonald, of Vancouver, •• C„ intend
to apply for s licence to prospect for
Coal I'otroleum or Natural'Oas on the following  described  submarine lands:
Commencing at a post planted at low
water mark of Stanley Park about 'JOO
yard* North of Second Bescb, »thenee
West 80 chains, thenee Soutk 60 chains,
thence Esal 100 chains more or less to
low water mark of North -aide of False
Creek, thenee Northwesterly along low
water mark 70 chains more or less to
point of cwnsaenceuent, sa shown on
plan attached hereto.
ANNETTE M. MACDONALD,
Per  W. T.   Ross,   Agent.
Dated Vancouver, BTt... April 2»tb, 1922.
New Westminster District
TAKB NOTICE that I; W. T. Ross, of
Vsncouver, B. C. intend to apply for a
licence to prospect for Coal, Petroleum or
Natural Gas on the following described
submarine landa.
All seams of eoal and coal measures
underlying those lands and lands covered
by water described aa follows:
Commend*! st a post planted et high
water mark near tbe North end of Balaclava Street, thence North 00 chains,
thence Esst 80 chains more or leas to
high water mark on the North side of
Falso Creek, thence Southeasterly along
high water mark 70 chains more or less
to the line of tbe North Sido of the Canadian Pacific Railway Bridge, thence
Westerly along the North wide of the
Canadian Pacific Kai I way Bridge, 10
chains more or less lo biirli water mark
on tbe shore of the KlUllano Indian Reserve, thence following Hi* shore lino at
high water mark 100 chains moro or less
to point of commenci'inent, as shown on
plan attached hereto.
W. T. ROSS.
Dated Vancouver, B. C, April 29th, 1922.
Secretary L.W.I.U. of C.
Vancouver, B. C--
Fellow Worker:Deleffate 59 has
raised a quesLlon of vital Importance to the members of this organization, tn his letter under
"Lumber Workers News and
Views'*  In a recent  Issue  of the
id." Having faced conditions
similar to what he has described In
hla letter I would like you to publish my views on thb question; and
the situation as I flnd It tn the lumbor industry, Insofar as real organiiation work goes.
It 1b by no means an uncommon
experience to meet ln camps today
Individuals such as described by
Delegate SO. It would also be
found thut in the majority of cases
these very persons don ot belong
to the I.W.W., nor to any other
organisation; and If they ure really members of that organization
their behavior then repudiates all
that the I.W.W. stands for, and has
fought for In the past. There is
no Intention of criticising here,
that special phase of tho labor
movement on this continent; and I
write this with a knowledge of Its
origin and history, and am well
accquainted -with their literature.
What ls to be done In the treatment of these cases la a problem
that haa worried genuine revolutionists ln this, and every other
country on earth.
Workers who have studied the
labor movement from a pathological point of viow will be quick to
recognize this malady, and lta peculiar symptoms. The patient Is
usually a brawling, incompetent,
Ignoramus, disposed to criticize
everybody and everything that is
proposed, and that might be of
some use to tho membership. He
Is always found appealing to the
peraonal prejudices of the members, and Is very diligent in spreading lying propoganda.
Collectively speaking, they are
babbling blatherskites, who givo
llp-servlce only, to the Interests of
the working class. Out on the job
they will fly any flag, nnd carry on
their perfidious scabbery under a
smoke screen of revolutionary
phrases.
Daniel De Leon describes them
in his preface to tho "Eighteenth
Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte" as
the "empty headed ominous figures
who spring Into notoriety for a
time and have their day."
This disease seems to attack
"revolutionists" In the infantile or
budding stage. In the preliminary
stages the patient Is In a highly
emotional state, easily excited, and
very enthusiastic. About this time
he generally forms tho habit of
wearing a rod neck-tie. The vocabulary is very much enlarged,
and highly inflamed by the abnormal) expansion. Persons afflicted
in that way suffer Inconceivable
torture   on   the  rack   of  "revolu-
Kew Westminster District
TAKK NOTICE that I, Stuart Cameron,
of Vancouver, B. 0., Intend to apply for a
licence to prospect for Coal, Petroleum
or Natural Oas on Mm following described   an I) in an nn   lands:
All the seams of roal and eoal measures underlying thosrt landa and lands
covered by wati-r d.scribed ns follows:
Commencing at a post planted at high
wator mark near the North end of Balaclava Street, North 60 chains, thence West
BO chains, thrnco South 60 chains more
or lees to high water mark, thenoe Easterly BO chains nlon* high water mark
to point of commencement, as shown on
plun  uttachod  hereto.
STUART CAMERON,
Per W. T. Ross, Agent.
Dated Vsncouver, H. C. April 29th, 1922.
New Westminster District
TAKB NOTICE that I. Jean M. MacKinnon, of Vancouver, B, 0., Intend to
apply for a licence to prospect for Coal,
Petroleum or Natural Oaa on the following described submarine landa: All seams
of coal and coal measures underlying those
lands and lands covered by water descrlb*
ed as follows:
Commencing at a post planted at high
water mark sear the North end of lllanca
Street, thenee North 80- chains, thence
East 80 chains, theneo South' 80 cbaini
more or leas to high water mark, thence
Went 80 chains more or loss along high
water mark to point, of commencement,
as shown on plan attached hereto.
JEAN M. MACKINNON,
Por W. T. Ross. Agent.
Dated Vancouver, B. C, April 29th, 1922.
Would Abolish Tariffs to
Help  to Relieve
Unemployment
Berne,   Switzerland—The   workers of Switzerland, organized In tho
Swiss Federation of Labor, domand
of the government thut export duties and protective turlffs bo abolished, and that the normal trade
relations   that   prevailed   between
Switzerland   and   other   countries
before the war, be re-established,
-This they declared at their recent
'special convention,  called bocause
of the onward sweep of unemployment and rising cost of living.
They furthod demand the fixing
I of maximum prices by tho govern-
I ment, a revision  of taxation and
" the taking over of grain as a gov*
I  ornment   monopoly.      The    trade
i  unions  demand  that  tho  govern
a ment proceed with  public works,
* and that the government turn over
I  to the trade unions the administration of the unemployment ben-
► eflts.
Jtionary" frenzy. Specialists diagnose this as "revolutionary hor-
ror-i" (D. T.'s) In a critical and
dangerous stage.
The cause or causes are rather
obscure, but is generally attributed
to Incapacity for serious study, or
thinking. ' No infallible remedy
can be prescribed, and lt Is difficult
to eifect a cure In some cases
owing to the fact that the ones
most susceptible to the disease are
unintelligent, lack self-discipline,
and will not faithfully follow the
course of treatment. A common
manifestation of the disease is the
vacant stare, and general- llstless-
ness of Its vlctlme.
When a member of the working
class shows any of the above tendencies or symptoms he should be
closely watched; it ia also advisable to segregate htm as much as
possible from other workers, as It
may be found that he ts merely a
"stool pigeon" or "agent provaca-
teur." However, If that assumption should later prove to be Incorrect, and the patient can be Induced to remain in any one place
for any legnth of time, and encouraged to read under certain
conditions of perfect quiet auch
worka as those of Marx. Engels,
Morgan, Dietzgen, etc.. recovery,
and often a complete cure results
In some of the most malignant and
stubborn cases.
Another disorder, almost un
known on this continent as yet,
via: "counter revolutionary" Is
more deadly and seems to be closely related to "revolutionary D.
T.'s," and has much In common so
far as causes are concerned,
viet Russia experienced it in epidemic form In the period 1919 to
1921. The less serious cases succumbed to new conditions of life,
and by acquiring studious habits
In fact, part of tho punishment for
neglecting to take precautions
against infection was the obligation to commit to memory, and
thoroughly understand whole chap,
ters of the writings of th_ Core-
going authors. Some remarkable
cures are reported, and tt is said
that it was hard for many of them
to swallow their medicine, but in
times of epidemic desperate remedies are imperative.
Yours for organisation,
DELEGATE) 69.
New Westminster District
TAKB NOTICE thnt I, Stuart Cameron,
of Vancouver, I). C„ intend to apply for
a lieence to prospect for Coal, Potrolcnm
or Natural Oas on tho following described
submarine lands.
All seams of coal and coal measures underlying those lands and lands covered by
water described as follows:
Commonclng at a post planted at high
water mark near the North end of Blanca
Street, thence North 80 chains, tbence
West 80 ehaint, thencr. South 80 chains
more or less to high water marlt, thence
Eaat 80 ehalna more or less to point of
commencement, as shown on plan attached
hereto,
STUART CAMERON,
Per W. T. Robs, Agent.
Dated Vanconver, D. C, April 29th, 1922.
New Westminster District
Tou may wish to liclp Tho Fed-
c-ratlontet. Yon can do so by renewing your subscription promptly and
sending lh tho subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
TAKK NOTIOE that I, J. M. MacKinnon, of Vancouver, B. 0., intend to apply
for a lieence to prospect for Coal, Petroleum or Natural Ons on tlio following described lands:
Commencing at a post plnced at the
Northwest eorner of the Kitsllano Indian
Itesorve, thenco South to the Southwest
corner of the Indian Reserve and Flrat
Avenue, thence Easterly to shore line,
thenco along shore Hne to point of commencement, containing 180 acres more or
J. M. MACKINNON,
Fer W. T. Ross, Agent.
Dated Vancouver, B. C, April 29th, 1922.
SLATER
BROS.
Week-End
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Cottage Rolls—No shin, no
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Finest Canadian Cheese, lb...250
Finest Roast lice. Dripping,   2
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Finest Highland Spuds,  10 lha.
for  2So
Fine Alberta Creamery Butter,   Q   LBS.
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$1.15
Bacon    Bacon     Bacon
Slater'a Famoua Sugar-Cured
Baeon, half or whole slab;
reg.   4214c Ib.
Spocial,  lb.  ..
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picnic Hnms—Fine for boiling.
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Special, lb  -(llZV
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Oct your workmate to subscribe
for The Fedorationist,
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets Pot
Plants, Oriifliiicutnl and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
*■' Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
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Sey. 088-072 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS"       Soy. •5I8-I301
MEAT DEPARTMENT
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Choico Loina of Lamb, lb S2o
Choico Lamb Stow, 2 lba 250
*  ALL TO BE HAD AT
SLATER'S
FREE DELIVERY
CRANBROOK, B. C.
A lot of talk has been going on
In this district that there i_ no
action being taken by the Cranbrook ofllce with regards tc tho
camp conditions. I want to tay
right here that if we are going to
gain anything we must work in
harmony with one anothen, and
not look to the Secrotary to go out
and pull the camps on striko. If
the rank and flle of tho orgnniza*
tion do not want to do anything1,
then you have nothing to kick
about. If you think that tho Secretary 1-4 nbt doing as you want
then call meetings in tt* camps
and come to some conclusion os to
what you want dona.
Neither is thero anything tn be
gained by some men going around
this, part of the country knocking
this organization, and then going
over to the States and knocking
the I.W.W.; because both urn industrial organizations. Let ui forget this individual stuff nnd got
right down to tho fundamental
part of the organization, and organize to fight the masters and
not ourselves, the samo as most
workers scm to be doing these
days. Surely there is no workor
but knows that without organization wo will get' nowhere, therefore let us all try and pull the
same way, because "united we
atand, divided wo fall." Let us
organize, and then organize some
more; and wc will soon reach our
goal: "The world for the workers."
Win Big Strike
Within a Week
UPiMINC
I0W Ml
Shopmen Accept Terms
IM Executives WiH
- ll-   Not.
■'•''■   XByj Cart Haessler]
(Fed-rated   Presa   Correspondent)
Chicago—The railway shopmen
are,.ready to end the atrike on
Preaident Harding's terms. The
railway executlvea are not. It ia
Harding's next move.
This waa the status as the flfth
week df the men'a fight for American standards of living and working ended.' In a 2000 word telegram the genaral conference committee of 90, repreaentlng the 400,-
000 and mor. men on atrike Inform the preaident that 'we have
voted by the requisite constitutional majororlty to accept the
terms of agreement which you
have eubmltted to ua. We accept
reluctantly, lt la true, but commit
ouraelvea to carry out the terma of
aettlement ln utmost good' faith
and in aid of the'genoral wolfare."
The United Statea Railway Labor Board, which had provoked
the several strikes by lta stupon-
doua wage alaahea, by lta reveraal
of I6ng eatablished working rulea
and by ita failure to obtain reapect
for lta rullnga from the roads, haa
been unceremoniously brushed
aside by the president. Tlie roads
hastened to welcome the outcaat,
and In turning down the pheal-i
dent'a offer, they have made the
moat of wild atatementa and reao-
lutlona isaued by the board in attempt? to sabotage the atrlke. Although the board may remain aa
part of the tntnaportation machinery, the men have proved that
their afrike power properly used,
ia of greater weight with the preaident than the Irresponsible actions of. the board.
The vital paaaagea of the men'a
telegram to Harding read:
"The fepreaentativea of tho employeea feel themselves under obligation to support every proper effort on the part of tho government
to bring about or to preserve the
uninterrupted operation of thc
transportation industry.
"The employees have alwaya
taken tho position that aa long aa
they continued to render service,
thejt ahould abide by the rulea and
working conditions and accept the
wages agreed upon by proper negotiation, , or determined by the
La.bpr Boiird after a hearing of a
dispute upon any of these matters.
Thoy respectfully point out ngaln
tha*, violations of law and refuaala
to comply wtlh decisions of the labor, board, have been exhibited
only by the railroad mangements,
and. that It has been universally
admitted'' that the employees In
exercising their right to suspend
work under non-accoptable conditions, were neither violating the
law. nor the decisions of the board.
'JU Is our understanding that the
representatives bf the employees,
upon seeking a rehearing of the
controverted decisions concerning
wages'and working-conditions, wHl
be   afforded   a  prompt   rehearing
(Continued from page 1)
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Kxtra roomy armpit and alaeve cut with a
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and decision by the labor board.
We assume also that the practically unanimous action of the employees in electing to suspend work.
and in continuing this suspension
under the sanction of, and in accordance with the laws of their
national organizations, has ended
any captious questioning as to who
are the properly accredited spokesmen of the vast majority of railway ernpjoyees.
"We nre glad to observe that
the obvious Justice df this (seniority) proposition has been nccepted.
It would certainly be a wholesale
injustice of unparalleled extent, If
hundreds or thousands of experienced men who have given four to
forty years service, and whose
value to the trans porta tion Industry Is proportioned to the length
of their service, should he placed
in n position of inferiority to a
limited number of men who have
been employed as substitutes for
these experienced railroad workers.   ".
"Wo understand that on effort
will be made to Insure the setting
up of a board of adjustment, but
inasmuch as such a board can
function effectively only with the
full co-operation of both managements and employees, we can look
merely with hope, and not wjth
certainty for the establishment of
this 'essential part of tho machinery to deelde disputes between the
carriers and their employees,' In
the meantime upon advice from
you of the expressed acceptance of
your terms of agreement contained
In your telegram of July 11 by alt
curriers, we will take the responsibility of directing employees to
return to work, and upon the con
fldence that by action of the labor
board upon rehearing of the recent
controverted decisions ln thc mat
ter of wages and working conditions.
"If these proposals fall to bring
about the results which you desire, the responsibility of failure
will not rest upon the representatives of th* organised employees."
San FranciBco—Hugo Ernst, secretary, Cooks' and Walters' Union,
has reported to the Central Labor
Council that members of his union
who are also membera of the Americnn Legion, havo informed bim
that they hare been solicited lo
act as scabs ln the shopmen's
strike. The council li Investigating. Ernst ts ths Socialist party
nominee for congress from tbis
district.
Always look up tho rod, advertisers before making purchases.
What about your neighbor's
subscription?
fore now celebrating victories
which a short time ago seemed
impossible. As each shop returns
to work, a regualr union organization Is installed, and everything is
put in readiness Tor the proper
safeguarding of the interests of
the employees in the future.
Independents Sign Up
As soon as news of thc settlements with the association spread
through the city, the independent
manufacturers began a rush to
make settlements also. A number
of • them applied the same day to
the union's settlement committee,
which had to buckle down unexpectedly early to the big task of
completing arrangements with
these independent manufacturers.
On July 27 fourteen of the independents signed up.
The same day the -jontroctors'
association entered ln$> negotiations, and concluded arrangements
for about 800 people to roturn to
work by tho following Tuesday.
Within twenty-four houra fourteen
contractors nnd independent manufacturers signe.d agreements, leaving only a few of tho most stubborn employers In tho market still
fighting tho union.
Few Stubborn Bosses Fight
Among the manufacturers who
continued to fight the organization
of their workers were the Figure
Form, Society Brand, and Samuel
Hart. A number of arrests were
made around tho first-named of
these plants. The workers, however, carried on the struggle gloriously, and conclusive victories are
in sight,
Moss picketing of the shops
which were still, standing out was
planned for Monday morning. All
members were pledged to be there,
nnd an Impressive demonstration
was made which had Its offect ln
weakening tho moral* of tho antiunion bosses.
Bo sure to notify tho post offlc*
as soon as you chango your address.
WHEN IN TOWN SlOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48 M OORDOVA EAST
Everything Modern
Itatca -teaeonatne
The B.C. Federationist
Is now the OFFICIAL PUBLICATION of the
Trades and Labor Council
Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council (International)
President:  R. H. NEELANDS, M.L. A.
Vice-President: W. BARTLETT
Secretary:  P. BENGOUGH
Secretary-Treasurer:  BIRT SHOWLER
Sergeant-at-Arms:  MRS. E. C. MAHON
Statistician:   DELEGATE HAYES
Executive   Committee:, DELEGATES   McDONALD,   HALE,
FRASER, NIXON and HERRIOTT
Regular Meetings 1st and 3rd Tuesdays in every
Month, at 319 Pender Street West
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST REACHES THE WORKERS
OF THE CITY AND PROVINCE AND THEREFORE
ENSURES THE ADVERTISERS GREATER PUBLICITY
AMONGST THE BUYING PUBLIC THAN ANY OTHER
PAPER. [
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pourtTBENTH YEAn. no. 27 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIQNIST  vancopvuh. a. a
FRIDAY August   11,  IS
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LETTERS TO
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not neces
sarjly endorsed by The Federatlonist, and no responsibility for the
views expressed Is accepted by the
management.]
SjAck ot Mental Capacity
Editor B. C. Federationist: In a
recent editorial, I noticed you point
out the lack of mental capacity of
a certain percentage of the working class to receive this so-called
necessary education, so vital to our
understanding of the forces operating In society, and our emanclpa-
, tion, as a class, based upon fntelll-
: gent action. While It is the hope
1 of every class-conscious worker
that as many of his class as possible should .know tho why and the
wherefore*of this system of society, It should be brought to his
notice .the quality of the "materia]
at hand," the quality of the material that he Is desirous of teach-;
ing. Owing to the great stress laid
by some "scientifically correct" or-'
ganizations and parties to the need
of education—working class education—It will be in order to quote i
the United States 'army mental
tests (surgeon general), Washington, D. C, 1919, that we may the
H. Walton
PROFESSIONAL MASSEUR
Specialist in ElectroThorapy and
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better realize the distance we have
to travel, taking our present gait
and our skyward trend In tht various fie id b of science into consideration, in order to bring ub to earth
to once agtln talk to the "plug"
in "plug language," to leave him
so that he understands and to give
him literature that does net embody every uncommon word In
Webster's unabrdidged. A thoughtful perusal of these figures, considering the circumstance under
which they were obtained and the
universality of the material used,
will I hope, set my fellow workers
thinking and along lines that may
beneflt our class generally, it may
cause some of our academy specialists to pause for a moment before turning another left, while
some "actlonlsts" may trim a sail
or two before renewing activities.
'Low Mental Average Among
AdultB."—"It is Interesting to observe in this connection very significant statistics gathered by the
surgeon general of the American
army during the world war; of
men drafted In 1918. Elaborate
tests were made attempting to
'size up' the brain power of the
soldiers, irrespective of education.
For instance, children under the
age of five seldom can learn to tell
time on the clock, but practically
11 normal children can learn
to do so, before they are
over the age of six. There are
other analogous problems,, .or tests
which children five or six can do,
but which they cannot do If they
are younger. As an example, It Is
found that the normal child of
five can name the four primary
colors, even If never taught them.
On the other hand, some grown
people are so deficient ln mental
po:ver that, although they can
drew themselves and do many
kinls of everyday work, they can
never learn to tell time by the
clock or do the other five-year-old
tests. Such people are said to'
have a "mental age" of under five
—that Is, they have the potential
brain power of a child under five.
The surgeon general divided th»
mental age of many thousands of
drafted men according to thcir occupation. He thought thc "average" would be mlslending, so instead of finding the average, ho
omitted from each occupation one-
quarter of the men having thc
lowest mental age, or brain power,
and also the quarter having the
highest brain power. The men
who remained were the middle
half,    Now,  after dividing   these
To Secretaries and
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men into some 74 occupational
groups, they were classified Into
seven grades of brain power, instead of using the literal term
"mental age." The result was as
follows:
A. Very superior intelligence—
This grade was ordinarily reached
by only four or five per cent, of a
draft quota. It was composed of
men of marked intellectuality, with
the ability to mr_ke a superior record in college or university.
B. Superior Intelligence—Less
exceptional than that represented
by "A," and was obtained by £ to
10 per cent, of the draft. Men of
thia grade are capable of making
an average record In college,
C. High Average Intelligence—
This group Included about 15 to
18 per cent, of the draft; can not
do so well as "li," but contained
some mon with capacity for leadership and power to command.
C. Average Intelligence—Included about 25 per cent, of the drafted men. These men are rarely
capable of graduating from. high
school. They are of a grade that
Is said to make "excellent privates"
In the army. Their "mental age"
may be put at about 14.
C. Low Average Intelligence—
These men make up about 20 per
cent, of the draft, and were considered satisfactory in work of a.
routine nature. They are distinctly of lower Intelligence than "C"
group, but their mental age Is
probably not below 12.
D. Inferior Intelligence — Included about 15 per cent, of the
draft. They are slow In learning,
and rarely suited for tasks which
require Bpeclal skill, resourcefulness, or sustained alertness. It Is
unsafe to expect these, or those of
grades "D" and "E" to read intelligently or understand written
directions.
D nnd E—Very Inferior Intelligence—The majority of these men
are below the "mental age" of ten
-—some were discovered with a
mental age as low ob two or three,
and were being passed upon for
sending to Franco in 1918.
When such a representative body
of men as the American army,
drafted under the selective service
law shows an "average intelli'
gence" comprising 25 per cent,
that are rarely capable of graduating from high school, with a
mentnl age of about 14; twenty
per cent, that have a mentnl age
of about 12; fifteen per cent, of an
even lower mentnl age, incapable
of rending intelligently or understanding written directions; and
two other classes that are still inferior, with mental ages ranging
from below ten years, to as low as
two or three, then we can get at
least some approximate idea of the
Infantile state of mind of a large
section of thc general pofulation."
—W. J. Fielding in Psyrho-Analysis."
Further comment Is useless. Just
look at tlie heavy tone of the
"classics" we wish to make common knowledge. Open your "flrst
nino and thirty chapters" again;
glance at your "Dietzgen," - yes,
and your "official organs," then
look around;" go through the list of
mental ngeB," and ask yourself "If
It's possible?"
Fellow workers, there's a reason
why we follow leaders; why the
masses want leadership. They
don't give a tinker's dam for all
your line hair-splitting philosophy
—they haven't tho mental capacity
to absorb It nor the inclination to
read or listen to it. Druw up your
flu*; pronunciamentos, spout your
flne philosophies—they sound and
savor of much learning—but our
plug continues to follow his leader
nnd steadfastly refuses to do his
own thinking; and no wonder. If
you   lay  so  much  stress   on   the
Shopmeii, Watch Your Step
♦■»-»il»..»Hi.»-«..t.HH_it..^MiHi.».«i *'■»"»"•'■'
(By Robert Hewitt)  i'_
For nearly four years wethave
been cursod with secession •*. from
the ranks of the railway shopmen's
organizations in Western Canada.
In addition to the standard tfecog-
nhsed organizations which find expression in Division 4; Railway
Employees Department, A. F. of L.,
which have a paid up membership
of from two-thirds to .three-quarters of the total railway shopmen
In Western Canada, we have at
least two different local uniobs,
one in Calgary and one in the Fort
Rouge shops, Winnipeg, which
seek to organize onu a national
basis, but which up to the present
have not extended outside of the
above-named polrits..'wherc they
originated, and have a comparatively small membership there. The
O. B. U., which seeks to organise.
all workers into a class organization, regardless' of craft industry,
the total paid up membership of
which is, .Including all Industries,
less than one-third of thc total
number of railway shopmen in
Winnipeg shops. Perhaps one-half
or thereabouts of the membership
Is composed of railway shopmen,
which would give them, roughly,
about 1,000 railway shopmen,
mostly in AVinnipeg, but an odd
few here nnd there at other points
in the West; also we have a large
group of those who are not affiliated with any organization whatever.
This, in brief, is tho situation in
Western Canada, and is one of the
chief reasons why wage cuts and
unfavorable working conditions
have been so easily put. Into effect
and why It Is almost Impossible to
properly enforce what conditions
we have been able to retain. While
the rump organization membership, as well as the unorganized,
continually benefit through the
efforts of the entire railway employees' department, yet they do
not benefit nor do they allow the
International membership to benefit to the same extent as they would
were we all a part of the organizations affiliated with the doHort-
ment.. In fact it Is sale to say that
at least ten times the amount of
dues that some of the employees
think that they are savins is being
taken out of them by the railway
companies through violations and
improper interpretations of the
wage ngreement, to say-.nothing of
the provisions that have been-lost
to us through a lack of solidarity.
Who is to blame for this state
of affairs? The average unthinking plug, encouraged, of couiW by
such mental acrobats <as Itusuell
and Mace of Winnipeg, .try taiplace
the blame upon the schedule committee of Division No.,14 for any
loss of conditions or reductions in
wages, and to place the flams'upon
thc local shop committees for any
lack of enforcement of the agreement. But in so doing the blame is
not correctly placed, bur organized' power lies not In our committees, either shop; system on national, but in the man on the Job,
or in the support given to them
hy the man on the job. Therefore,
the employees themselves are responsible for their own-conditions,
and only to the extent that they
are prepared as a whole to fight
for better conditions will they be
bettered. But to get down to tho
root of the present evil, namely, our
split up condition ln the shops, the
only possible finding is that it is
a result of many of the shopmen
thoughtlessly following the leadership of a few Irresponsible, ambitious, Jobseoktng, mental somer-
saulters, who would not hesitate
to place the shopmen or any other
group of workers in their present
disorganized state, ln order to gain
notoriety and to retain a meal
ticket at the expense of the exploited.
The writer and others have for
years now endeavored to caution
the employees against secession,
and its Inevitable consequences, but
in the face of a slanderous campaign waged against nnyone who
dared to oppose secession or the
advocates of secession, we were
looked to with more or less suspicion, and our advice and warnings
remained unheeded by many, but
the latest developments t should
prove beyond doubt the soundness
of our former unheeded warnings.
I refer to the attempts of Russell
and Mace to form a union of western shopmen regardless: of affiliation or non-affiliation.
Imagine the exponents of class
organization, men who boast of
their broad international principles,
citizens of the world knowing no
boundary linos between the working classes of different nations of
the world, martyrs to the cause of
collective bargaining, fighting now
for separate bargaining, and asking
the assistance of western railway
shopmen in drawing a- boundary
line between Eastern and Western
Canada. .Just Imagine, for a
minute, the denouncers of wage
agreements, arbitration boards, and
palliatives which do not palliate,
the advocates of direct action, humbly seeking an arbitration board,
and asking your assistance in getting it—for what? To force the
railways to give them I separate
bargaining for western shopmen.
Western shopmen mnst bo a different species to the Eastern shopmen,
and it seems desirable 'that we
should go away back to the old
East and West, a condition; that
we managed after a long hard
struggle to get away from a few
years ago. Imagine Russell the
Infallible, Russell the martyr/r advising the Winnipeg shopmen to remain on the Job if Division No. 4
calls a strike. Imagine him telling
tho Railway Association of Canada
that Division No. 4 does not represent other than a few of'the shopmen on Western lines, and' trying
to underrate our strength In thc
eyes of the railway managers at a
time when everything depends
upon the amount of resistance we
are preparing to show. Imnglpe
him in the Strand Theatre in Winnipeg rocently staling to a mass
meeting of the men, that the railways were quite justified In withholding the amount of the proposed
reduction pending the decision of a
conciliation board, and you can
imagine what depths he and his
colleagues arc prepared to go ln
"material at hand." It Is well that
we understand the mentality of
the worker flrst.
G. A. BROWN,
Plnkham, Sask.,
August 1st,  1929.
'order to bolstor up a movement
that has long since lost all semblance of a labor organization.
There could be no greater ^ad-
mlsslon of failure to function* on
the part of tho O. E. U. than this
attempt to form a committee of
the employees, whethor organized
or not, and asking for recognition
as such on Western lines. Or in
other words, trying to form an organization to encourage and perpetuate the present state of disorganization. The promoters of the
scheme know this, but there Is danger of the "crap" game which they
are Interested in, playing out, so
that It Is a case of either exploiting the workers to- the extent of
making this new.scheme fo for a
while, or of loosening their pie
cards. They decide-jVf course that
the interests of thousands of workers are not to be considered when
their own easy living is at stake.
This idea of independent representation nnd negotiations for the
western shopmen did not emanate
from the railway shops, but from
a small office In the Plebs Building,
Winnipeg, In which a small
group had gnthered together,
formed themselves into a committee, outlined a policy, and then
went after the shopmen for ratification of It, by sending out a leaflet Informing all and sundry that
our Division 4 schedule committee
was a bunch of crooks and grafters.
This was soon, followed by another
leaflet, equally vicious in character,
with a ballot attached, knowing, of
course, that at least somo who had
been hit by recent schedule
changes and threatened wage cuts
would fall for their propaganda
and place the blame upon the
schedule committee- at Montreal,
and as a result would voto in favor
of the scheme. Howevor, although
cases have been brought to my notice, where one man had cast at
least three votes anl turned them
all in. Division 4 can, if occasion
arises prove to the satisfaction of
any hoard the right to represent
the Western shopmen.
The next step was to write the
Railway Association of Canada for
a conference to negotiate the proposed wage cut. This was refused
by the association, on the grounds
that the Western, and all other
Canadian shopmen, were already
represented through Division 4. The
next move was to call a meeting of
thc shopmen of thc three Winnipeg shops. About 250 out of about
6,000 AVinnipeg shopmen attended
this meeting, and decided to apply
for a conciliation board to decide
the matter of recognition; they also
appointed n schedule committee to
negotiate with the-railway association on behalf of-the Western shopmen. It is interesting to note thnt
none' of the shopmen outside of
Winnipeg wore consulted in the selection of this committee. The
real purpose of the meeting wns
simply to create the impression
outside of AVinnipeg thnt the new
organization was well under weigh,
In the hope that the scheme would
get sofne outside support. The
writer knows whereof he spcalcs,
as he "attended this meeting.
Now I hopo that none of the
shopmen will "kid" themselves that
there is any chance or hope of a
board ever being granted, to say
nothing of being able to prove before such a board that Division No.
.4 does not represent the Western
shopmen. It is true that the Industrial Disputes Act makes it possible for ten or moro employees
to demand a conciliation board for
the purpose of hearing any matter
undor dispute, but it does not mean
that where there are, say 10,000
employees In an industry, that they
can demand 1,000 boards, or a
board for every ten employees.
One of the main Issues In the
big shopmen's strike in the United
States is the demands of the employees for national adjustment
boards. The railways nre prepared
to grant them regional boards of
adjustment, but are opposing tooth
and nail what would menn a national standardization of wages and
conditions. Contrast this with
Canada, where Russell et al. enlist
your support in breaking up our
national form of negotiations, or
in doing evactly what the U. S.
-railways are trying to force upon
their men. In order to break t he
United Stntes shopmen's strike, the
railways are trying to encourage
the formation of new unions of the
men who take the place of the
strikers. Contrast this again with
Canada, where just as it began to
look like a strike here, Russell et
al, began to try ' to form new
unions and to break up the control
of Division 4, In the United States
It la alleged that certain papers
controlled by the railways publish
misleading reports in an effort to
discredit the men's representatives,
and to break the morale of the
strikers. Contrast this again with
Western Canada, whero this stunt
is carried on by the O. B. U. Bulletin.
These facts should awaken the
Western Canada shopmen to the
realization that lt Is long since time
that they should have ceased listening to the propaganda calculated to
arouse suspicion in their minds
against their schedule committees,
and other officers, and being led
hither and thither at the will of a
few mental acrobats whom, if you
will only stop and think, It must
be quite plain to you, are simply
leading you up one blind alley after
another. Surely, 'after three and a
half years of confusion, you should
be getting wise.
Where is the Union Button?
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51 OORDOVA WEST
Pbone Sey. 3*10
I
Seek to Obtain Release of
Political Prisoners in
U. S. A.'
Washington — Members, of the
Children's Crusnde continuing their
efforts to obtain thc release of
political prisoners, visited the
AVhite House to"ascertaln what dls;
position is being made of the cases
that are snid to have been forwarded by the attorney general for
the president's action.
They were advised that owing to
the numerous conferences on the
coal and rail strike, which are eh-
gagingV-thJi president's attention t&
tho exclusion of alf other matters,
he Has riot been able to look* into
the attorney-general's recommendations,' It WaB Intimated that .action will not long be delayed. "As'
a result of these assurances, plans
for the renewal of White House
picketing are being held In abeyance,
Stanley J, Clark, ono of the^
political prisoners released recent-j
ly, has arrived in this city, where'
he expects to make his residence.
Having served more than two
years of a ten-year sentence, Clark
has announced his intention of aiding the efforts that are being made
to hasten the release of the remaining prisoners.
WORLD HEWS IN
BRIEF PARAGRAPHS
San Francisco—J. Garza Zertu-
che, .Mexican consul here, hns announced that he will try to prevent
any Mexican citizens from acting
as strike-breakers on thecal]roads,
nor will he allow any Mexican
maintenance of way men to do the
work of striking shopmen.
Portland, Ore.—A minister who
publicly denounced the rail labor
board has bcen attacked by the
Morning Oregonlan and his resignation will likely rosult in the near
future.
Seattle—William Z. Foster, chief
of the Trade Union Educational
League, spoke at three meetings
hore recently to large audiences.
He pleaded for concentration of
radical workers in the main labor
unions of each industry in a programme for amalgamation. Foster
also spoke at other coast cities before returning to Chicago.
Seattle—Three months ago only'
five union cigarmakers were ut
work. Today nil the members of
the union are being employed full
time as the result of a publicity
campaign through the columns of
the Union. Record, Labor daily.
Ottawa—Practically no hard coal
Is coming into Ottawa now on account of the United States coal
strike. Usually at this time of the
£'ear there are between 40,000 and
50,000 tons of anthracite stored In
Ottawa in the sheds of local dealers. At present the supply does
not aggregate more than 8000 tons
and dealers nre agreed that tho
situation Is more serious than at
any time for many years. So far
the users of bituminous coal In
Ottawa are not affected.
Big Values inj
Shirts
Big assortment of the finest fabric     a
designs and colorings in Arrow and     \
• W.G.&R. Shirts.
$195 $^45 $2.95
CD. Brucel
LIMITED
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
Mr. Workingman
Do You Believe that the
BEST Is the Cheapest?
WE DO!
N'
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use inferior materials and do the work at
a very much lower price, but we can prove to
you that our hand-cut soles will outwear two
pair of the ordinary kind. It remains with you
to test this statement. Let us do your next job.
It will convince you.
SEE   OUB  HAND-MADE  WOEK  SHOES
PIERRE PARIS
51
Hastings WJ
IS
Machinists1   Representative   Says   Railroad
Shopmen Will Win
[By Martin A. DUImon]
(Federated press Correspondent)
St. Louis—"The situation all
over the country is encouraging
and most decidedly In favor of the
striking railroad shop employees,"
These remarks were made by Wm.
Hanuon, member general executive
board, International Association of
Machinists, in a rousing addil
before a mass meeting held hi
under the nuspices of the Missel
Pacific System Federation of Sf
Crafts.
"I have been at all of the rl
road centres In Colorado, Wyrl
Ing, Utah, Kansas, Nebraska, Oil
homa and Texas," Hannon Vor J
«ed.. "On my western tour ln<T
half of the striking men I w|
through several States where .
national guards, .were ordered ,
to help the railroad corporate
to win the strike for them, andfl
defeat the workers. Well, the '<
tional guard will not serve
good purpose, and Its work
not defeat organized labor. Gil
and bayonets may be all right f
certain purposes, but you can!
use them to keep the railroad .'1
tem of the country going."
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World's First
Workers' Republic
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reconstruction of Soviet Russia.
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